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Sample records for chu timone aphm

  1. Management of patient with hepatocellular carcinomas by in situ injection of iodine-131 labelled lipiodol solution (Lipiocis) in the Biophysics and Timone APHM University Hospital Central Service

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this work was to determine what are the prognosis factors in term of global expectation of life at patient receiving a treatment by Lipiocis, to estimate the tolerance at this treatment in order to choose patient which will be the best candidates to this treatment and to define more precisely the criteria of patient inclusion and follow-up. A study including 35 patient having received one or several Lipiocis injections between May 2003 and May 2007 has been carried out. The results of this study are given. Lipiocis seems to be a well tolerated treatment which has proved its efficiency. (O.M.)

  2. Effect of Nitrogen Content on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ti-Mo-N Coating Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komiyama, Shoko; Sutou, Yuji; Koike, Junichi

    2011-11-01

    Effects of nitrogen content on the microstructure, hardness, and friction coefficient of Ti-Mo-N coating films were investigated. Ti-Mo-N films were deposited onto an AISI304 stainless steel substrate by reactive r.f. sputtering in the mixture of argon and nitrogen gases with various gas flow rates. The hardness and friction coefficients were measured by nanoindentation and ball-on-disk testing systems, respectively. The hardness of the Ti-Mo-N films increased with increasing a nitrogen gas flow rate ( {f_{{{{N}}2 }} } ) and showed a maximum hardness of about 30 GPa at a f_{{{{N}}2 }} = 0.3 {{ccm}} . On the one hand, the films deposited at f_{{{{N}}2 }} ge 1.0{{ccm}} showed a constant hardness value of approximately 25 GPa. On the other hand, the friction coefficient of the Ti-Mo-N film decreased with increasing N content and was 0.44 in the film deposited at f_{{{{N}}2 }} = 2.0{{ccm}}.

  3. Effects of Mo content on microstructure and corrosion resistance of arc ion plated Ti-Mo-N films on 316L stainless steel as bipolar plates for polymer exchange membrane fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Kim, Kwang Ho; Shao, Zhigang; Wang, Feifei; Zhao, Shuang; Suo, Ni

    2014-05-01

    Bipolar plates are one of the most important components in PEMFC stack and have multiple functions, such as separators and current collectors, distributing reactions uniformly, and etc. Stainless steel is ideal candidate for bipolar plates owing to good thermal and electrical conductivity, good mechanical properties etc. However, stainless steel plate still cannot resist the corrosion of working condition. In this work, ternary Ti-Mo-N film was fabricated on 316L stainless steel (SS316L) as a surface modification layer to enhance the corrosion resistance. Effects of Mo content on the microstructure and corrosion resistance of Ti-Mo-N films are systematically investigated by altering sputtering current of the Mo target. XRD results reveal that the preferred orientation changes from [111] to [220] direction as Mo content in the film increases. The synthesized Ti-Mo-N films form a substitutional solid solution of (Ti, Mo)N where larger Mo atoms replace Ti in TiN crystal lattice. The TiN-coated SS316L sample shows the best corrosion resistance. While Mo content in the Ti-Mo-N films increases, the corrosion resistance gradually degrades. Compared with the uncoated samples, all the Ti-Mo-N film coated samples show enhanced corrosion resistance in simulated PEMFC working condition.

  4. Dr Chu Goes to Washington

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Steven

    2014-01-01

    For the opening of its Autumn Symposium, the Collège de France had the pleasure of welcoming Steven Chu, former US Secretary of Energy. Steven Chu started his career at the Bell laboratories, an extraordinary breeding ground for young scientists, several of whom were subsequently awarded a Nobel Prize. In 1997, he himself received the Physics Nobel Prize, along with two other researchers: Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Professor at the Collège de France, and William D. Phillips of the National Insti...

  5. Sudoscan as a noninvasive tool to assess sudomotor dysfunction in patients with Fabry disease: results from a case–control study

    OpenAIRE

    Sahuc P; Chiche L; Dussol B; Pouget J.; Franques J.

    2016-01-01

    Pauline Sahuc,1 Laurent Chiche,2 Bertrand Dussol,3 Jean Pouget,1 Jérôme Franques1,2,4 1Department of Neurology, La Timone Hospital, APHM, Aix-Marseille University, 2Department of Internal Medicine, European Hospital, 3Department of Nephrology, La Conception Hospital, APHM, Aix-Marseille University, 4Department of Neurology, La Casamance Hospital, Marseille, France Abstract: Hypohidrosis is a frequent and early symptom in patients with Fabry disease. Studies have reported improv...

  6. Sudoscan as a noninvasive tool to assess sudomotor dysfunction in patients with Fabry disease: results from a case–control study

    OpenAIRE

    Chiche, Laurent

    2016-01-01

    Pauline Sahuc,1 Laurent Chiche,2 Bertrand Dussol,3 Jean Pouget,1 Jérôme Franques1,2,4 1Department of Neurology, La Timone Hospital, APHM, Aix-Marseille University, 2Department of Internal Medicine, European Hospital, 3Department of Nephrology, La Conception Hospital, APHM, Aix-Marseille University, 4Department of Neurology, La Casamance Hospital, Marseille, France Abstract: Hypohidrosis is a frequent and early symptom in patients with Fabry disease. Studies have reporte...

  7. Animal models of polymicrobial pneumonia

    OpenAIRE

    Hraiech S; Papazian L.; Rolain JM; Bregeon F

    2015-01-01

    Sami Hraiech,1,2 Laurent Papazian,1,2 Jean-Marc Rolain,1 Fabienne Bregeon1,3IHU Méditerranée Infection, URMITE CNRS IRD INSERM UMR 7278, Marseille, France; 2Réanimation – Détresses respiratoires et Infections Sévères, APHM, CHU Nord, Marseille, France; 3Service d’Explorations Fonctionnelles Respiratoires, APHM, CHU Nord, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of severe and occasion...

  8. Architecture in The bo, 'Brug chu, and Co ne Counties, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chos dbying rdo rje

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Thirty-nine images of architecture in The bo, 'Brug chu, and Co ne counties (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province, China are presented. The author also relates his experiences of travelling through the area in 2010.

  9. Distribution and conservation of annual fishes (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae in the municipality of Chuí, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Vieira Volcan

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on captures of annual fishes conducted from August 2004 to June 2009, aiming at the dissemination of data on their occurrence, distribution and conservation in the municipality of Chuí. Four species were recorded: Austrolebias charrua Costa e Cheffe, Austrolebias luteofl ammulatus (Vaz-Ferreira, Sierra-de-Soriano e Scaglia-de-Paulete, Austrolebias prognathus (Amato and Cynopoecilus melanotaenia (Regan, captured at 14 different sampling points distributed in the floodplains of Chuí and São Miguel streams, near the road of Barra do Chuí. All ponds where annual fishes were recorded in Chuí were altered by some form of human activity, arising mainly from rice culture and trampling by cattle. The main area of annual fish occurrence in the municipality that is most relevant to conservation is located in the floodplain of the Chuí stream.

  10. Thermal response of a can handling unit (CHU) to a postulated plutonium hydride burn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of analyses were performed to support the design of the Can Handling Unit (CHU). The subject analyses focused on determining the time to repressurize a subatmospheric storage can containing plutonium metal versus the initial hole size and the transient thermal response to a postulated chemical reaction of 150 grams of plutonium hydride. Limiting the amount of gaseous reactants either by inerting the CHU or using a very small hole size for the initial opening appears to be a viable method of controlling the rate of the exothermic chemical reactions and system temperatures

  11. [Sun Simiao's voyage to Chu and Shu regions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhenmin

    2014-07-01

    During the 4(th)-11(th) years of Zhenguan reign of the Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao paid a voyage to the regions of Chu (now mostly the Hubei Province) and Shu (now Sichuan Province) for a total of 14 years. In the 4(th) year of Zhenguan, he went to treat the "hydropsy" of Li Gui, the King of Hanyang, hence, the record given as the 9(th) year of Zhenguan by Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions for Emergency Worth a Thousand Gold) is not correct. Later, he went to Jiangzhou (now Jiujiang city of Jiangxi Province) to treat Chen Shuping's, the King of Chenxiangdong beriberi due to wind-poisoning. In the 15(th) of July, the 5(th) year of Zhenguan, he himself suffered a swelling pain in his finger when travelling in Shu region, due to a poisonous sting, which was cured by rubbing with the juice from the root and stem of dendelion. In the 7(th) year of Zhenguan, he suffered a facial erysipelas due to over drinking when he was in Neijiang County which was treated by the mayor, Master Li, with various medications to no avail, which was eventually cured by himself. In the 10(th) year of Zhenguan, he treated the Governor of Zizhou Li Wenbo's consuming thirst. He also got a large amount of copper salts in the Counties of Xuanwu and Feiwu nearby. In the 17(th) year of Zhenguan or later, he processed the "Tai yi spiritual powder" in Wei's family of Shu County. After finishing the processing, he returned to Guanzhong (now Shaanxi) at certain period of "August of 17(th) year of Zhenguan", "January of 18(th) year of Zhenguan", or "January of 19(th) year of Zhenguan". PMID:25429884

  12. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826) in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Kamal Medhi; Rajarshi Chakraborty; Jaya Upadhyay

    2015-01-01

    A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River) in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regard...

  13. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

    2012-02-28

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  14. Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Quality Factors Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav; Yaghjian, Arthur D.

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the quality factor Q for electrically small current distributions and practical antenna designs radiating the TE10 magnetic dipole field. The current distributions and the antenna designs employ electric currents on a spherical surface enclosing a magneto-dielectric material that...... permeability yields the quality factor Q that constitutes the lower bound for a magnetic dipole antenna with a magneto-dielectric core. Furthermore, the smaller the antenna the closer its quality factor Q can approach the Chu lower bound. Simulated results for the TE10-mode multiarm spherical helix antenna...... with a magnetic core reach a Q that is 1.24 times the Chu lower bound for an electrical radius of 0.192....

  15. Continuous Stieltjes-Wigert Limiting Behaviour of a Family of Confluent q-Chu-Vandermonde Distributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Kyriakoussis

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available From Kemp [1], we have a family of confluent q-Chu- Vandermonde distributions, consisted by three members I, II and III, interpreted as a family of q-steady-state distributions from Markov chains. In this article, we provide the moments of the distributions of this family and we establish a continuous limiting behavior for the members I and II, in the sense of pointwise convergence, by applying a q-analogue of the usual Stirling asymptotic formula for the factorial number of order n. Specifically, we initially give the q-factorial moments and the usual moments for the family of confluent q-Chu- Vandermonde distributions and then we designate as a main theorem the conditions under which the confluent q-Chu-Vandermonde distributions I and II converge to a continuous Stieltjes-Wigert distribution. For the member III we give a continuous analogue. Moreover, as applications of this study we present a modified q-Bessel distribution, a generalized q-negative Binomial distribution and a generalized over/underdispersed (O/U distribution. Note that in this article we prove the convergence of a family of discrete distributions to a continuous distribution which is not of a Gaussian type.

  16. A Multi-ethnic Village in Northeast Tibet: History, Ritual, and Daily Life in Chu cha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stobs stag lha

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Multi-ethnic Chu cha Village in Mchod rten thang Township, Dpa' ris Tibetan Autonomous County, Gansu Province, China is described in terms of location; population; clothing; language; religion; history; and personal, family, and community rituals. Photographs provide additional information. This is a study of the ethnically and culturally diverse Chu cha Village, which is located in Mchod rten thang Township, Dpa' ris Tibetan Autonomous County, Gansu Province, China. Chu cha's five most significant rituals are described: soul calling, weddings, funerals, mountain deity worship, and New Year celebrations. All four ethnic groups in Chu cha Village practice these rituals. Thirty-five images of village life and ritual are also provided. I am not a native Tibetan speaker, though I was born in a Tibetan family of ten people – my paternal grandparents; my parents; my father's elder brother and his wife, and their two children; and my younger brother. At home, we speak a Chinese dialect similar to the Qinghai dialect. My grandparents also speak the Dpa' ris Tibetan dialect. A few villagers born before 1960 speak fluent Dpa' ris Tibetan dialect. Those born in the 1960s do speak Tibetan, but not very well, although they have excellent listening ability. Villagers born after 1970 speak only a few words of Tibetan and can understand very little. My parents do not speak Tibetan, but they can understand it. All my family members spoke to me in Chinese when I was a child, although Grandfather taught me Tibetan words for such items as window, bowl, chopsticks, stove, and so on. I began to learn Tibetan in grade three in primary school when I was ten years old. All my courses, including my Tibetan class, were taught in Chinese. My Tibetan language teacher used Chinese to explain Tibetan. He translated Tibetan texts and words into Chinese and asked us to repeat the Tibetan after him. My middle school Tibetan language teacher taught in the same way. We were

  17. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826 in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Medhi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regarding presence and distribution of otters. The sighting signifies the rich biodiversity of Nyamjang Chu, in Pangchen valley and implies initiation of strong conservation measures to safeguard the future of the otters.

  18. Determinants of lethality from suicidal pesticide poisoning in metropolitan HsinChu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheu, J J; Wang, J D; Wu, Y K

    1998-12-01

    Acute pesticide poisoning is a global health problem, especially in developing countries. Although Taiwan has quickly industrialized during the last several decades, pesticide use is still prevalent in the agricultural sector. We reviewed 187 consecutive hospitalized cases of the Provincial HsinChu Hospital from January 1989 through December 1995 to explore the determinants of acute pesticide poisoning in Metropolitan HsinChu. The annual incidence rate of acute pesticide poisoning was 3.2/100,000 with an overall fatality rate of 23% which was more severe than the rates found in developed countries. The major agents involved were organophosphates, and the major cause of poisoning was suicide. Alcohol abuse, history of major medical illnesses, and history of suicide were significantly associated with suicidal poisoning; quarrel was the immediate risk factor. Causes of poisoning (suicide vs non-suicide) and selection of the pesticides were major determinants of lethality. More stringent legislation and enforcement regarding the sale and distribution of extremely toxic pesticides are needed to reduce fatalities due to acute pesticide poisoning. PMID:9830692

  19. Changes in Diversity of Fish Fauna of the Chu River Basin (Central Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Byrlykzhanovna Kozhabaeva

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Chu River originates in the Central Tien Shan Mountains and dissipates into the Muyunkum desert. The first information about the fish of the river was received in the middle 19-th century. Several expeditions collected data during 20-th century. Results of our investigations last decade in comparison with previous data allow tracking changes in the fish fauna after growing human impact. In the main, our data concern of the Kazakhstan part of the river. About 34 species and subspecies were discovered here; about 19 species between them are native. Origin or taxonomy of some species are disputable. In the last publications of the XX-th century 38 fish species and subspecies were mentioned. Native fish species as Aral barbel Barbus brachycephalus and Bulatmai barbel Barbus capito, Chu sharpray Capoetobrama kuschakewitschii and alien Sea trout Salmo trutta, Sevan trout Salmo ischchan were not found last decade in the Kazakhstan part of the river. Distribution area of native Balkhash marinka Schizothorax argentatus and alien Balkhash perch Perca schrenkii were reduced. The most widespread and numerous fish species are native roach, carp, dace, gudgeon and alien stone moroco. Native fishes like pike, asp, Aral ide, striped bystranka, golden spiny loach, southern ninespine stickleback and others were found only in certain sites. Fish species composition for each investigated site was not stable during recent years. Significant variations in fish composition were observed between different water bodies of the basin too. It reflects diversity of human impacts and unsteady water regimen here.

  20. Musical Exchange in the State of Chu%楚国音乐交流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何新

    2011-01-01

    The state of Chu was a place where various ethnic groups mixed together, so the music there was characterized by an amalgamation of different musical elements. On the other hand, the people of Chu also promoted musical exchange with the Central Plains in the north, the southeast and the southwest regions in the mainland of China as well as Southeast Asia and European countries.%楚国是南方的民族融合中心,楚国音乐亦表现出了民族性和融合性的特点。楚国音乐文化接受、吸纳华夏民族的礼乐文化,与中原地区、东南和西南地区以及东南亚乃至于欧洲国家都有密切的联系,促进了北方中原文化与南方地域文化的交流、融合与传承。

  1. 楚乐舞风格初探%Analysis on the Style Characteristics of Chu Dance and Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰天文

    2012-01-01

    中华民族的歌乐舞文化有着悠久的历史和丰富的内容。在以江汉平原为腹地的长江中游地区,其丰富的文化艺术土壤孕育了先秦楚国歌乐舞的形成。楚国乐舞上承前代宫廷乐舞,下采土著群蛮巫风,以我为主,兼容并蓄,创造了独树一帜的楚国舞风,对后世的舞蹈影响深远。本文试从文献史料的记载中,对楚国民间乐舞和楚国宫廷乐舞的风格特点进行有益的探索。%Songs, music and dance culture of the Chinese nation has a long history and rich content. In the hinterland of jianghan plain in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and its rich cultural soil, generated a formation of pre-Qin Chu song-dance. Chu dance brought forward on behalf of the court music and dance indigenous mining pretty witch under the wind, take the initiative, inclusive, create unique Chu dance of the wind, dancing on the later ages have far-reaching implic- ations. In this article from the literature of historical records, Chu folk music and dance style of music and dance and the Chu royal exploration of useful features.

  2. Matrilineal Marriage in Tibetan Areas In Western Sìchuān Province (English translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Min

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The marriage and family organization of the Zhaba 扎巴 people in Western Sìchuān 四川 Province is similar to that practiced by the Nàxi Mósūo 纳西摩梭 during the 1960s. The Zhaba 扎坝2 Region is another matrilineal culture region in addition to the Lúgū 泸沽 Region in Yúnnán 云南 Province. The area has only recently begun modernizing because of its isolation. 'Visiting marriages' and matrilineal family organization continue to play an important role in Zhaba culture. This research contributes new material to the anthropological study of matrilineal societies.

  3. Redatuming controlled-source electromagnetic data using Stratton-Chu type integral transformations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhdanov, Michael; Cai, Hongzhu

    2016-03-01

    We present a new method of analyzing controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) data based on redatuming of the observed data from the actual receivers into the virtual receivers. We use the Stratton-Chu type integral transform to calculate the EM field in the virtual receivers. The virtual receivers can be placed at any desirable position, including close to the target, which increases the sensitivity of the EM data to the target. The developed method provides an effective model-based interpolation/extrapolation tool for electromagnetic field data. This paper demonstrates that redatuming can be used for designing the optimized CSEM survey configuration. The numerical examples, for the Kevin Dome Electromagnetic Project Site, illustrate the practical effectiveness of the developed method.

  4. Distribution and conservation of annual fishes (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) in the municipality of Chuí, southern Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Matheus Vieira Volcan; Luis Esteban Krause Lanés; Morevy Moreira Cheffe

    2010-01-01

    This study is based on captures of annual fishes conducted from August 2004 to June 2009, aiming at the dissemination of data on their occurrence, distribution and conservation in the municipality of Chuí. Four species were recorded: Austrolebias charrua Costa e Cheffe, Austrolebias luteofl ammulatus (Vaz-Ferreira, Sierra-de-Soriano e Scaglia-de-Paulete), Austrolebias prognathus (Amato) and Cynopoecilus melanotaenia (Regan), captured at 14 different sampling points distributed in the floodpla...

  5. [Hemorrhagic form of dengue fever observed at the Infectious Diseases Department CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Boushab, Boushab Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is a re-emerging arboviral disease in tropical countries. Haemorrhagic form may be associated with circulatory failure and produce hypovolemic shock, which is often fatal. We report a series of three cases of hemorrhagic dengue observed at the Infectious Diseases Department CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, in order to describe its epidemiological, clinical, and evolutive characteristics. Our study included young females who had an onset age of between 35 years and 45 years, residing in the city of Ouagadougou. Despite multiple concentrated platelets transfusions and symptomatic treatment, we mourned a death. The development of antivirals and of new vaccines is a silver lining to prevent dengue lethality. PMID:27303584

  6. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Awards Ceremony for 2011 Award Winners (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The winners for 2011 of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award were recognized in a ceremony held May 21, 2012. Dr. Steven Chu and others spoke of the importance of the accomplishments and the prestigious history of the award. The recipients of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for 2011 are: Riccardo Betti (University of Rochester); Paul C. Canfield (Ames Laboratory); Mark B. Chadwick (Los Alamos National Laboratory); David E. Chavez (Los Alamos National Laboratory); Amit Goyal (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Thomas P. Guilderson (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory); Lois Curfman McInnes (Argonne National Laboratory); Bernard Matthew Poelker (Thomas Jeffereson National Accelerator Facility); and Barry F. Smith (Argonne National Laboratory).

  7. Properties of Sub-Wavelength Spherical Antennas With Arbitrarily Lossy Magnetodielectric Cores Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Vejle; Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2014-01-01

    factor. These expressions are valid for the entire range from zero to infinite material loss tangents, with any dispersion of the real parts and an inverse frequency variation of the imaginary parts of permittivity and permeability. For the dipole modes of a sub-wavelength antenna, we demonstrate how an...... increasing magnetic loss tangent initially leads to a decreasing radiation quality factor, but in the limit of a perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) core the dissipated power tends to zero and the radiation quality factor reaches the fundamental Chu lower bound....

  8. Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to 'unleash America's science and research community' to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss 'Science for our Nation's Energy Future.' In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  9. Follow-up of radiopharmaceuticals out of globally harmonized system (G.H.S.) at the C.H.U. of Grenoble

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The improvement and the secure of the radiopharmaceutical circuit in the service of nuclear medicine of the Grenoble C.H.U. are a permanent concern and a true team work between the doctors and the pharmacists. The implementation of cards allowed to optimize the radiopharmaceuticals management by avoiding expenses in relation with the non given drugs. (N.C.)

  10. Lflg22, a Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP) of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, initiated differential PAMP-Triggered Immunity (PTI) in Grapefruit and Sun Chu Sha

    OpenAIRE

    Shi, Qingchun; Febres, Vicente J; Khalaf, Abeer; Moore, Gloria A.

    2014-01-01

    ‘Duncan’ Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.) and ‘Sun Chu Sha’ mandarin (C. reticulalta Blanco) represent two citrus genotypes that have different levels of tolerance to citrus greening or huanglongbing (HLB), a bacterial disease caused by Candidatus Liberibacter sp. In this study, the response of the two genotypes to the conserved 22 amino acid domain of the Liberibacter flagellin (Lflg22), a Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pattern (PAMP), were compared. The expression levels of citrus defense-...

  11. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    Prof.S. Chu presents "the manipulation of atoms and bio-molecules by laser light" : a brief history of the laser cooling and trapping of atoms developed over the past 15 years will be presented. The cooling and trapping technology is already being applied in numerous areas of science and engineering. Applications to be discussed include atomic clocks, atom interferometers, as well as studies in polymer dynamics and protein motion.

  12. Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan: Chapter E in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Box, Stephen E.; Syusyura, Boris; Hayes, Timothy S.; Taylor, Cliff D.; Zientek, Michael L.; Hitzman, Murray W.; Seltmann, Reimar; Chechetkin, Vladimir; Dolgopolova, Alla; Cossette, Pamela M.; Wallis, John C.

    2012-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments represent a synthesis of available information to estimate the location, quality, and quantity of undiscovered mineral resources in the upper part of the Earth’s crust. This report presents a probabilistic mineral resource assessment of undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within the late Paleozoic Chu-Sarysu Basin in central Kazakhstan by the U.S. Geological Survey as a contribution to a global assessment of mineral resources. The purposes of this study are to: (1) provide a database of known sandstone copper deposits and significant prospects in this area, (2) delineate permissive areas (tracts) for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within 2 km of the surface at a scale of 1:1,000,000, (3) estimate numbers of undiscovered deposits within these permissive tracts at several levels of confidence, and (4) provide probabilistic estimates of amounts of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and mineralized rock that could be contained in undiscovered deposits within each tract. The assessment uses the three-part form of mineral resource assessment based on mineral deposit models (Singer, 1993; Singer and Menzie, 2010).

  13. [Setting up a department of molecular pathology in oncology in a pathology laboratory (LPCE, CHU de Nice)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Elodie; Hofman, Véronique; Ilie, Marius; Lespinet, Virgine; Bonnetaud, Christelle; Bordone, Olivier; Gavric-Tanga, Virginie; Washetine, Kevin; Gaziello, Marie-Clotilde; Mauro, Virginie; Lassalle, Sandra; Selva, Eric; Zahaf, Katia; Santini, José; Castillo, Laurent; Lacour, Jean-Philippe; Vénissac, Nicolas; Mouroux, Jérôme; Otto, Josiane; Poudenx, Michel; Marquette, Charles-Hugo; Sabourin, Jean-Christophe; Hofman, Paul

    2013-02-01

    The advent of targeted therapies and personalized medicine in oncology has led in France to the settlement and organisation of a network of hospital molecular genetic platforms under the impetus of the National Cancer Institute (INCa). These platforms are, according to the concerned sites, integrated or not in pathology laboratories. The development of molecular biology methods, the choice of the procedures, the establishment of sample workflow, the quality control and the selection of the genomic alterations to be detected on each platform, have been left to the discretion of the different laboratories. Based on calls for project made by the INCa, hospital molecular genetic platforms were able to adapt their activity according to the assigned budgets. While the presence of some genomic alterations (i.e. KRAS gene mutations in metastatic colon adenocarcinoma or EGFR gene mutations in lung adenocarcinomas), may lead to administration of targeted therapies under the Marketing Authorization Application (MAA), others are associated with therapeutic clinical trials. However, increasing number of MAA for new molecules targeting genomic alterations is likely in the near future. In this context, it is necessary to quickly adapt the organisation of work of the hospital pathology laboratories performing molecular biology tests in order to meet the growing demand of oncologists in the field of targeted therapies. The purpose of this article is to describe the different steps of the settlement of a molecular genetic platform in an academic pathology laboratory (LPCE, CHU de Nice) and to show the experience of this laboratory specifically oriented on the support of the morphological and molecular diagnosis of lung cancer, thyroid cancer and malignant melanoma. PMID:23472893

  14. A Review of Studies on the Works by Chu Fujin%储福金作品研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚蓓雯

    2014-01-01

    Since starting to write , Chu Fujin always adheres to a unique writing purpose .Although he focused on traditional sub-jects, such as rural educated youth and innovators in his earlier writing , its exquisite and appropriate style is the highlight of their writing.In his middle and later periods , the chess language novels with the purport of representing the women world and tradi -tional culture marked the formal formation of his unique writing style .His novels about women show the temperament of smooth and round , exquisite and delicate .Chess language novels display a grand atmosphere , and profound connotation .The fundamen-tal reason of his success lies in his constant pursuit of a unique writing style .%储福金自写作以来一直坚持个性独特的写作宗旨。前期他将写作焦点聚焦在下乡知青、改革者等传统题材上,其细腻贴切的文风是其写作的亮点;中后期表现女性世界和以表现传统文化为旨的棋语小说标志着其独特写作风格的正式形成,他的女性题材小说展现出珠润乳圆、玲珑精致的气质,棋语小说则显得恢宏大气、内涵深厚。

  15. A survey of amphibians and reptiles in Chu Mom Ray National Park, Vietnam, with implications for herpetofaunal conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Jestrzemski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A herpetological survey was conducted in spring 2012 in the eastern part of Chu Mom Ray National Park, Kon Tum Province, southern Vietnam, to create a first inventory list of amphibians and reptiles and record threats to the local herpetocommunity. We also evaluated the efficiency of two faunistic inventory methods, drift fences and transect visual encounter surveys, in detecting reptiles and amphibians under the given circumstances. Five drift fence arrays with pitfalls and double-ended funnel traps were set up in lowland evergreen forest at elevations from 777 to 846 m a.s.l. and monitored over 40 nights. Additionally, 22 night excursions were conducted along an adjacent forest stream transect. A total of 62 species of amphibians and reptiles were recorded, comprising 24 anurans, one caecilian, 20 lizards, 16 snakes and one freshwater turtle. Because all specimens were released after capture in the field, proper identification and taxonomic revision are required for at least ten recorded amphibian and six reptile species. Four species are listed in the Vietnam Red Data Book (2007 and two species are listed in the Governmental Decree No32/2006/ND-CP (2006. In terms of distribution patterns, old-growth forest habitat harbored the highest number of recorded reptiles and amphibians (41 species, followed by open land (18 species and secondary forest (14 species. Most species were captured opportunistically (34, followed by the drift fences (29 and transect night surveys (18. Opportunistic encounters provided for most reptiles (22, while most amphibians were recorded at the drift fence arrays (15. Poaching of wildlife proved to be the major threat to the local herpetofauna, in particular large reptiles. In the study area, reptiles and amphibians are also at risk from habitat loss and degradation. Recommendations for reptile and amphibian conservation are provided.

  16. Les accidents de scooter chez l'enfant au CHU Aristide Le Dantec de Dakar: à propos de 74 cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Azhar Salim; Ngom, Gabriel; Sow, Mamadou; Mbaye, Papa Alassane; Camara, Souleymane; Seck, Ndeye Fatou; Ndour, Oumar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Les accidents de scooter sont de plus en plus fréquents à Dakar. Le but de ce travail est de rapporter les aspects épidémiologiques et lésionnels des ces accidents chez l'enfant à Dakar. Méthodes Une étude rétrospective et descriptive a été menée dans le Service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique du CHU Aristide Le Dantec de Dakar entre le 1er janvier 2009 et le 31 décembre 2011. Nous avons étudié divers paramètres dont la fréquence, les aspects sociodémographiques et lésionnels. Résultats Les accidents de scooter représentaient 12% des accidents de la voie publique. Ils étaient fréquents entre 12 heures et 14 heures (27%) et entre 18 heures et 20 heures (28,4%). Ils pouvaient survenir tous les jours et étaient fréquents pendant les mois d'avril (17,6%) et de juin (13,5%). Ils survenaient essentiellement dans la périphérie de Dakar (78%). La tranche de 3 à 8 ans (60,8%) était la plus touchée. Le sexe masculin était prédominant (sexe ratio de 1,5). Les piétons étaient les plus vulnérables (93,2%). La chute était le mécanisme dominant (98,7%). Les lésions touchaient surtout le membre inférieur (51,1%) et étaient constituées essentiellement de fracture. Conclusion La fréquence des accidents de scooter chez l'enfant est liée à l'urbanisation galopante et à l'accroissement du parc automobile dans une presqu’île. Les victimes sont essentiellement des piétons et présentent le plus souvent des fractures. PMID:27200137

  17. Projected impacts of climate change on hydrology, water resource use and adaptation needs for the Chu and Talas cross-border rivers basin, Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamil Iliasov, Shamil; Dolgikh, Svetlana; Lipponen, Annukka; Novikov, Viktor

    2014-05-01

    The observed long-term trends, variability and projections of future climate and hydrology of the Chu and Talas transboundary rivers basin were analysed using a common approach for Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan parts of the basin. Historical, current and forecasted demands and main uses of water in the basin were elaborated by the joint effort of both countries. Such cooperative approach combining scientific data, water practitioners' outlook with decision making needs allowed the first time to produce a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts on water resources in the Chu-Talas transboundary rivers basin, identify future needs and develop the initial set of adaptation measures and recommendations. This work was carried out under the project "Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate Change in the Chu and Talas Transboundary Basin", supported by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Climate change projections, including air temperatures and rainfall in the 21st century were determined with a spatial resolution 0.5 degrees based on the integration of 15 climate change model outputs (derived from IPCC's 4th Assessment Report, and partially 5th Assessment Report) combined with locally-designed hydrology and glacier models. A significant increase in surface air temperatures by 3-6°C may be expected in the basin area, especially in summer and autumn. This change is likely to be accompanied by rainfall increase during the cold season and a decrease in the warm half of the year. As a result, a deterioration of moisture conditions during the summer-autumn period is possible. Furthermore, milder winters and hotter summers can be expected. Mountains will likely receive more liquid precipitation, than snow, while the area and volume of glaciers may significantly reduce. Projected changes in climate and glaciers have implications for river hydrology and different sectors of the economy dependent

  18. Complications du diverticule de Meckel (DM) chez l'adulte: à propos de 11 cas au CHU-Yalgado Ouédraogo au Burkina Faso

    OpenAIRE

    Ouangré, Edgar; Zida, Maurice; Bazongo, Moussa; Sanou, Adama; Bonkoungou, Gilbert Patindé; Doamba, Rodrigue Namékinsba; Sawadogo, Elie Yamba; Ouédraogo, Sidziguin; Zongo, Nayi; Traore, Si Simon

    2015-01-01

    Le diverticule de Meckel (DM) est la persistance partielle du canal omphalomésentérique. Ses complications sont rares. Le diagnostic est le plus souvent per opératoire. L'objectif a été de décrire les complications du diverticule de Meckel chez l'adulte dans le service de chirurgie générale et digestive du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo. Il s'est agi d'une étude transversale descriptive sur 10 ans (janvier 2004-décembre 2013) portant sur les dossiers des patients âgés de plus de 15 ans ayant présenté ...

  19. Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

  20. 枣尺蠖多酚氧化酶的提取及酶学特性%Extraction and Enzymological Characteristics of Polyphenol Oxidase from Sucra jujube Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春英; 李方正

    2012-01-01

    为了给治理枣尺蠖生物制剂的研发提供一定的理论基础.以枣尺蠖为试验材料,提取其发育过程中起重要作用的多酚氧化酶,并对其酶学特性进行研究.结果表明:枣尺蠖多酚氧化酶用40%饱和度硫酸铵进行盐析效果最好,纯化倍数可达5.8倍.且在酶促反应过程中,底物为10 mmol/L的邻苯二酚时,不会发生底物限速行为.多酚氧化酶在pH 7.0、37℃时活性最高.多酚氧化酶热稳定性较差,随着保温时间的延长酶活力下降.70℃时将该酶保温9 min,酶就趋于完全失活.%For research and development of biological agents, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) was extracted from Sucra jujube Chu and the properties of PPO were studied. The results indicated that, the 5.8-fold purification was achieved when the crude enzyme was treated with 40% saturated (NH4)2SO4. The substrate, 10 mmol/L of catechol couldn' t limit enzymatic reaction speed in the enzyme reaction. The results also reported that, the optimum pH was 7.0 and the best temperature was 37℃ for the tested PPO. At the same time, PPO from Sucra jujube Chu couldn't withstand the high temperatures and PPO activity would reduce along with time extension. PPO would be inactive completely after incubation in the temperature of 70℃ for 9 min.

  1. Geological affinity of reflecting boundaries in the intermediate structural stage of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depression based on results of vertical seismic profilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davydov, N.G.; Kiselevskiy, Yu.N.

    1983-01-01

    A computer (EVM) and an ASOI-VSP-SK program complex are used to analyze data from seismic exploration and acoustical logging with interval by interval calculation of the velocity every four meters. Vertical seismic profilling (VSP) results are used to identify all the upper layers as reference layers. The basic reference level, the third, which corresponds to the floor of the carbonate middle to upper Visean series, is not sustained due to the thin layered state of the terrigeneous section. Based on data from vertical seismic profilling, the reflected wave method (MOV) and the common depth point method (MOGT), the reference 3-a and 6-a levels are identified. Deep reflections of the seventh, 7-a and Rf, approximately confined to the roof and floor of the lower Paleozoic deposits and the upper part of the upper reef series, are noted in the series of the Caledonian cap of the Prebaykal massifs based on vertical seismic profilling. Collector levels are noted on the basis of the frequency of the wave spectra and from the absorption coefficient in the Testas structure and in other low amplitude structures. The insufficiency of the depth capability of the common depth point method and the poor knowledge level of seismic exploration of the section of the lower Paleozoa and the upper Proterozoa of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depresion are noted.

  2. Formes hémorragiques de Dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Boushab, Boushab Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    La dengue est une arbovirose ré émergente dans les pays tropicaux. Sa forme hémorragique peut s'accompagner d'une défaillance circulatoire pouvant conduire à un choc hypovolémique, souvent fatal. Nous rapportons une série de trois cas de formes hémorragiques de dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou dont l'objectif est de décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques cliniques et évolutives. Les cas étaient des jeunes de sexe féminin dont l’âge variait entre 27 ans et 43 ans, résidant dans la ville de Ouagadougou. Malgré de multiples transfusions de concentrées plaquettaires et un traitement symptomatique, nous déplorons un cas de décès. Le développement d'antiviraux et la mise au point de nouveaux vaccins constituent une lueur d'espoir pour prévenir la létalité due à cette maladie. PMID:27303584

  3. New evidence for an impact origin of Taihu lake, China: Possible trigger of the extinction of LiangChu Culture 4500 years ago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Z.; Wang, H.; Sharp, T.; Decarli, P.

    2008-12-01

    Here we report new evidence of an impact crater in south-east of China, Taihu Lake in Jiangsu Province. An impact origin was originally proposed on the basis of fractured quartz, wavy extinction quartz, and shatter cones in the sandstone of Devonian Wutong formation in the islands of Taihu lake (Wang, et al., 1992, 1993, 2000). In the absence of additional evidence, the impact origin hypothesis has fallen into disfavour. Here we report studies of sedimentary samples, which could be ejecta from Taihu, found in a small lake in the vicinity of Taihu lake. The samples consist of irregularly-shaped quartz-rich concretions found in lake sediments. Preliminary studies indicate that these samples contain angular fragments of shocked quartz. The stratigraphic age of the lake sediments is similar to that of the 65 km diameter Taihu lake. If the impact origin of Taihu lake can be conclusively established, it is of the correct age to explain the mysterious disappearance of the LiangChu culture about 4500 years ago.

  4. Troubles du sommeil, symptômes anxio-dépressifs et risque cardio-vasculaire chez les hypertendus noirs africains: étude transversale de 414 hypertendus suivis en ambulatoire au CHU de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

    OpenAIRE

    Yaméogo, Nobila Valentin; Samadoulougou, André; Kagambèga, Larissa Justine; Yaméogo, Aimé Arsène; Ilboudo, Eric; Millogo, Georges; Kologo, Jonas; Toguyeni, Jean Yves; Simporé, Jacques; Zabsonré, Patrice

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Dans le but de déterminer la fréquence des troubles du sommeil, de l'anxiété et de la dépression, et de rechercher l'existence d'une relation entre ces troubles et le risque cardio-vasculaire global chez les hypertendus noirs africains, nous avons réalisé une étude transversale de mai 2010 à mars 2011 à l'unité de consultation externe du service de cardiologie du CHU-Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou qui a inclut 414 hypertendus adultes suivis en ambulatoire. Après un examen clini...

  5. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  6. 包山楚简所见里中职官研究%The Research on the Officeholders in Li Based on the Chu Bamboo Strip Texts of Baoshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王准

    2011-01-01

    从包山楚简可知,楚国的基层组织“里”中设置有四种职官:里公、加公、士尹、亚大夫。里公是常设的核心职官。加公负责刑名事务,职位比里公更高。里中官吏的职能,可根据传世文献做出推测。他们处于楚国职官系统的最底层,常常受到县级官员的差遣,很少直接与中央官署接触。%Based on the Chu Bamboo strip texts of Baoshan, the basic districts named Li in the Chu state appoint 4 kinds of officeholders: Ligong, Jiagong, Shiying and Ya-dafu. Ligong is the permanent official in Li. Jiagong is a criminalist, so he is superior. We

  7. Distribuição da fauna de peixes demersais e ecologia dos Sciaenidae da plataforma continental brasileira, entre as latitudes 29º21'S (Tôrres e 33º41'S (Chuí Distribution of demersal fish fauna and ecology of Sciaenidae on the Brazilian continental shelf from 29º21'S (Torres to 33º44'S (Chuí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelso Vazzoler

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a study on Brazilian south coast continental shelf demersal fish fauna distribution and Sciaenidae ecology, comprising the latitudes between Torres (29º21'S -49º44'W and Chuí (33º41'S - 53º27'W. The data on oceanographic as well as on ichthyological variables were obtained from six cruises planned to cover all seasons during the period from April 1968 to March 1969. The variation of the physical conditions of the bottom water layer is studied covering temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and type of bottom. The demersal fish families distribution is presented according to its frequencies of occurrence and its particular abundance. As Sciaenidae family shows to be the most important predominant group each species is studied in detail with reference to its distribution and relative abundance, as well as its spatial and temporal variations according to the abiotic environment. Relationship between Sciaenidae species is also discussed concerning feeding habits and the Cole coefficient of inter-specific association is estimated for pairs of species.

  8. Les complications chirurgicales de la transplantation rénale à partir du donneur vivant: expérience du CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intissar Haddiya

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: La transplantation rénale (TR est actuellement considérée comme un traitement de choix de l’insuffisance rénale chronique terminale (IRCT. Ses résultats se sont améliorés au cours des dernières années. Cependant, les complications chirurgicales demeurent graves car elles touchent un rein unique et surviennent sur un terrain fragilisé par l’insuffisance rénale et l’immunosuppression. L’objectif de ce travail est d’évaluer la fréquence des complications chirurgicales lors de l’activité de TR au CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat, et de dégager les facteurs ayant influé l’apparition de ces complications. METHODES: Étude rétrospective des patients transplantés rénaux à partir de donneurs vivants apparentés (DVA de Juin 1999 à Décembre 2008 dans notre centre hospitalo-universitaire. Nous avons recensé les caractéristiques propres au receveur, au prélèvement, au donneur ainsi qu’au greffon. Les complications chirurgicales ont été colligées ainsi que leur prise en charge et évolution. RESULTATS: Soixante sept dossiers ont été analysés avec un suivi moyen de 55 +/- 28 mois. 38 complications chirurgicales ont été recensées : sténose des artères rénales (38,7%, lymphocèle (21%, hématome (12,7%, thrombose vasculaire (7,8%, reflux vésico-urétéral (4,8%, rupture du greffon (3,2%, calcul (1 cas, éventration (1 cas, L’analyse statistique de notre série n’a pas mis en évidence de facteurs de risque significatifs semblant influer sur l’incidence des complications chirurgicales. CONCLUSION: La morbidité liée aux complications chirurgicales de la TR reste élevée nécessitant un diagnostic et un traitement adéquat afin d’éviter les répercussions sur la survie des patients et des greffons.

  9. Fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) de révélation tardive: à propos d'un cas au CHU de Dakar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Faye, Papa Moctar; Sylla, Assane; Kéïta, Younoussa; Boiro, Djibril; Basse, Idrissa; Guèye, Ndèye Ramatoulaye Diagne; Ndiaye, Ousmane

    2015-01-01

    La fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) est une forme grave du paludisme; caractérisée par la survenue d'une hémolyse intravasculaire aiguë se traduisant par une anémie hémolytique, une insuffisance rénale aiguë et une hypovolémie. Son diagnostic repose essentiellement sur la clinique notamment la couleur des urines d'aspect rouge porto. Nous rapportons un cas de fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique chez un jeune garçon de 10 ans originaire et vivant dans une zone d'endémie palustre, colligé dans un CHU de Dakar (Sénégal). V.G est un garçon de 10 ans qui était hospitalisé pendant 2 jours au service des urgences dans un centre de santé de proximité pour une fièvre associée à des vomissements qui évoluaient depuis 3 jours. Le test de diagnostic rapide (TDR) au paludisme était positif à la présence d'antigènes de Plasmodium falciparum dans le sang. Un traitement à base de quinine injectable (25 mg/kg/j), a été entrepris pendant 03 jours. Au quatrième jour, sont apparues une hémolyse intravasculaire aiguë et une hémoglobinurie avec une insuffisance rénale aiguë anurique. La goutte épaisse était revenue négative et le traitement par la quinine injectable arrêté. Le relais a été fait avec les dérivés de l'artémisinine. Trois (03) séances d'hémodialyse ont été réalisées. L’évolution était favorable, par la reprise de la diurèse et la normalisation de la fonction rénale. La FBH existe encore dans notre pratique quotidienne. Il faut y penser devant l'apparition brutale d'une hémolyse avec insuffisance rénale aiguë et urines rouges porto au cours du traitement d'un paludisme. PMID:26966497

  10. Epidémiologie de la résistance aux antibiotiques des entérobactéries au niveau du C.H.U de Sidi Bel Abbes

    OpenAIRE

    SOUNA, Djahida

    2014-01-01

    Les entérobactéries représentent une des principales familles de bacilles à Gram négatif responsables d’infections humaines graves. La surveillance de la sensibilité aux antibiotiques à l’hôpital est une étape essentielle; elle oriente le choix des traitements empiriques et permet de réduire la pression de sélection exercée par les antibiotiques. L’étude de 140 souches d’entérobactérie isolées en milieu hospitalier au niveau de différents services du CHU de Sidi Bel Abbes entre oc...

  11. Comparison of Natural and Social Roles of Mythological Characters in Chu Ci and Theogony%«楚辞»和«神谱»神话人物的自然和社会角色比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭家海; 华亚颖

    2015-01-01

    The comparative study of mythology and Greek mythology of Kun Lun can understand ancestors′living conditions,primitive society,ideas and psychological conditions of different ethG nic ancestors,and help promote the exchange and dissemination of Chinese and Western cultures and heritages.This paper compared the natural role and social role of mythological characters in Chu Ci and Theogony,by discussing the similarities and differences between Chinese and Western mythology and summaried the causes of the differences:Collectivism reflected in Chu Ci and indiG vidualism in Theogony.%为促进中西文化的交流、传播和传承,通过叙述、对比分析,从自然角色和社会角色两个方面对«楚辞»中的神话人物和«神谱»中的希腊神话人物进行对比研究,归纳出其异同与造成异同的原因。其相似原因在于古中国和古希腊对大自然崇高的敬畏;差异的根源在于«楚辞»中的神话人物中反映了东方根深蒂固的集体主义精神,而«神谱»反映了西方的个人主义。

  12. Comparison of Natural and Social Roles of Mythological Characters in Chu Ci and Theogony%«楚辞»和«神谱»神话人物的自然和社会角色比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭家海; 华亚颖

    2015-01-01

    为促进中西文化的交流、传播和传承,通过叙述、对比分析,从自然角色和社会角色两个方面对«楚辞»中的神话人物和«神谱»中的希腊神话人物进行对比研究,归纳出其异同与造成异同的原因。其相似原因在于古中国和古希腊对大自然崇高的敬畏;差异的根源在于«楚辞»中的神话人物中反映了东方根深蒂固的集体主义精神,而«神谱»反映了西方的个人主义。%The comparative study of mythology and Greek mythology of Kun Lun can understand ancestors′living conditions,primitive society,ideas and psychological conditions of different ethG nic ancestors,and help promote the exchange and dissemination of Chinese and Western cultures and heritages.This paper compared the natural role and social role of mythological characters in Chu Ci and Theogony,by discussing the similarities and differences between Chinese and Western mythology and summaried the causes of the differences:Collectivism reflected in Chu Ci and indiG vidualism in Theogony.

  13. 从诗、骚草木意象看人文生态教学思想的拓展%The Ecology Thought of Humanities Education Development from the View of Plant Images in Songs & Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰玲

    2015-01-01

    There are a lot of image of trees and flowers in The Book of Songs and The Odes of Chu, which help to transmit the ecological thoughts in the humanistic teaching in colleges and universities. The plants image in The Book of Songs are still materials in nature, but in The Odes of Chu, they have become literary images, which mingle with human being’ s feeling and philosophy obviously. We can find a lot of similar images in these two books, for example, we can see the change clearly from nature landscape into literature images after human being step in from the images of sonchus oleraceus, osmund and wutong tree and pine. Moreover, these images have profound influence in ecology humanities education theory.%诗、骚孕育了大量草木意象,表达了自然的美与人文创作的和谐融合。这些意象有助于对高校人文教学中生态思想的引导与传播,是很好的个案。«诗经»中的草木意象是突出其实用价值和生物特性的自然物象,而到了«楚辞»,人的因素明显强化,草木已是自然之象与诗人之意的融汇。将诗、骚中所有山脉与草木意象列表对比,可发现许多共同意象,由此可清晰地看到它们由自然之物象,融合诗人的情感与寓意之后,成为动人的文学意象,体现了人与自然的和谐,具有丰富的生态思想。对今天的生态教育理念拓展具有重要意义。

  14. 《西游录》中耶律楚材的三教思想辨析%YELU Chu-cai’ s Thoughts about the Three Religions in Westward Journey Record

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓念

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the meanings of the word“Zongjiao” ( religion) in Chinese tradi-tional culture and modern society, probes into the connotations of the "three religions" and its expressions in Westward Journey record on the basis of text study,interpretes YELU Chu-cai’ s respect for Taoism and his criticism of Taoist school, clarifies the fact that although he attacked the Quanzhen Daoism, he still held the view about the equality and common development of the“three religions”.%在梳理《西游录》文本内容的基础上,分析“宗教”一词在传统文化中与现代学界不同的含义,解读不同语境下“三教”词义的不同内涵及其在作品中的表述,辨明耶律楚材对老庄道家思想的尊重与对道教鬼神思想的贬斥,指出其“三教”观念中包含的是道家而非道教,进而厘清《西游录》中对全真教的攻讦无碍于他所表达的三教平等并行的思想。

  15. 《橘颂》的传承与突破——兼论屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因与胜处%THE HERITAGE AND BREAKTHROUGH OF "ODE TO ORANGE": On Chu Yuan "s Motivation and Achievements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怡良

    2012-01-01

    The poem "Ode to Orange" is a piece of Chu Yuan's poetic work collected in the Nine Chapters, Chu Ci. Its uniqueness in theme, content, and representation has rendered it a model for later poets who used ordinary objects to express feelings and thoughts. The extrinsic factors of Chu Yuan's literary creation included the feelings towards natural ecology, the induction of witchcraft, the enlightenment of fairy tales, and the atmosphere of arts. The intrinsic factors of his literary creation included the appeals against his treatments, the inspirations of literature, the confidence in his talents, and his political ambitions. Some scholars believed that the spirit of Chu Ci was originated from The Book of Odes. Its title, form, theme and style were influenced by the poems "The Weeds in the Field" and "The Owl" in The Book of Odes. The poem "Ode to Orange" indicated a developmental transition from The Book of Odes to Chu Ci. In fact, there were also creativeness and innovations in addition to elements of heritage, which served as major subjects of discussion in this paper. The author believes that "Ode to Orange" is more creative than the tradition owing to Chu Yuan's extraordinary talent, knowledge, the integration of his spirit, concerns of life, suppressing the desire of materials and his national consciousness.%《橘颂》是《楚辞·九章》中之一篇,是后世托物言志诗赋的典范,被誉为“咏物之祖”。屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因,有外缘,还有内因。自然生态之引发,巫风盛行之诱导,神话典故之感悟,艺术氛围之冲激,是屈原创作《橘颂》的外缘;表达愤懑之诉求,博览群籍之启示,展现才德之自信,流露参政之志向,则是屈原创作《橘颂》的内因。楚辞乃为《诗经》之变,《橘颂》之标题、体制、主旨、写法乃因袭《诗经》之《野有蔓草》、《鸱鹗》等诗作而来。更可贵者,是屈原创

  16. Local Narrative of Painful Reform History---Comment on Chu He's Long Novel of Neem Tree%改革痛史的地方性叙事--评楚荷长篇小说《苦楝树》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婷; 刘郁琪

    2014-01-01

    Chu He’s long novel Neem Tree,which explores the rise and fall history of a state -owned enterprises from the perspective of an ordinary worker,attempts to historically transcend “reform literature”since the early 1980s.It eschews the previous reform literature which concerned only with factory leadership narrative conven-tion,and focuses on bottom lives of the workers.The novel shows the pain of humanity and culture in the process of the reform,and creatively reproduces and constructs the local knowledge on the basis of Xiangtan.It is another successful attempt in “reform literature”since the new century.%楚荷的长篇小说《苦楝树》,以一个普通工人的视角来探察国有工厂的兴衰史,企图对1980年代初以来的中国“改革文学”进行历史化的超越。它避开以往改革文学仅关注工厂领导层的的叙事惯例,聚焦底层职工生活,着力表现改革过程中的人性与文化之痛,并创造性地再现和建构了以湘潭为依托的地方性知识,是新世纪以来改革文学的又一力作。

  17. Toxicity Test in Laboratory and Control Efficiency in Field Trials of Five Insecticides to Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu%5种药剂对金银花尺蠖室内毒力及田间药效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向玉勇; 陈红兵

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]The aim was to make sure the control effects of common insecticides on Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu. [ Method] The toxicity in laboratory and control efficiency in the field of five insecticides ( chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, phoxim, deltamethrin and bata-cyper- methrin) to H. jinyinhuaphaga were tested. [Result] In the five insecticides, the toxicity of bata-cypermethrin was the best, its LC 50 after48 hours was 0.019 3 (μg/ml. The others were chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, phoxim and deltamethrin, and their LC 50 after 48 h were 0. 027 6, 0.050 5,0.053 3 and 0.056 3 μg/ml, respectively. The control efficiency in the field of five insecticides all reached above 80% after seven days, among them the control efficiencies of 4.5% bata-cypermethrin EC and 48% chlorpyrifos EC were the best, and they both were 100%. [Conclusion] The five insecticides had high toxicity and control efficiency in the field to H. jinyinhuaphaga.%[目的]明确常用杀虫剂对金银花尺蠖的防治效果.[方法]选用5种药剂(敌敌畏、辛硫磷、溴氰菊酯、毒死蜱和高效氯氰菊酯)的原药和乳油分别对金银花尺蠖幼虫进行了室内毒力测定和田间药效试验.[结果]5种药剂中,高效氯氰菊酯的毒力最大,48h的LC50为0.019 3 μg/ml;其他依次为毒死蜱、敌敌畏、辛硫磷和溴氰菊酯,48h的LC50分别为0.027 6、0.0505、0.053 3和0.0563μg/ml.5种药剂在药后7d的防效均达到80%以上,其中4.5%高效氯氰菊酯乳油和48%毒死蜱乳油的效果最好,其药后7d的防效均为100%.[结论]5种药剂对金银花尺蠖幼虫均具有较高的毒力和田间防效.

  18. Eflections on the Studies of the Unearthed Documents of "Songs of Chu @ Nine Songs" since 20^th Century%对20世纪以来的出土文献与《楚辞·九歌》相关研究的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱啟迪; 温庆新

    2012-01-01

    由于年代的久远,传世文本的错简以及传抄过程中的错误,使得《楚辞.九歌》的研究仍有待深入。近年来,两湖的楚简相继出土,为《楚辞.九歌》有关《云中君》所祀之神、《东君》的错简问题、《国殇》是否为《九歌》组成部分等问题的研究带来了新的生机。将出土文献与传世文献互证,可知《云中君》所祀之神祇为雷神,《东君》在《九歌》中的次第存在错简情形,《国殇》是《九歌》的有机组成部分。%Due to the remote history, the handed-down texts on the bamboo slips are tragmentary ana theft copies are wrongly made in the process of transmission, which require us to make further researches on Songs of Chu Nine Songs. In recent years, the Chu bamboo slips have been unearthed one after another in Hunan Province and Hubei Province. This brings new vitality to the research on the problems like the god worshiped by the Cloud Monarch in Nine Songs, the erroneous bamboo slips in the Monarch of the East, and whether Elegy of the National Martyrs is part of Nine Songs. The unearthed literature and handed-down literature mutually prove that: the god worshiped by the Cloud Monarch is the god of thunder; there are errors about the sequence of the Monarch of the East in Nine Songs in the bamboo slips. Elegy of the National Martyrs is an integral of the Nine Songs.

  19. Chu Jiwang:Modern Confucian Businessman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Modern Confucian businessman is not just a title. A Confucianminded businessman is abusinessman with the highest value bridging modern and traditional cultures.He embodies not only the depth of the traditional culture but also the openness of modern business concepts.

  20. Ministerial Presentation: United States of America. Ambassador Schulte's Remarks on Behalf of Energy Secretary Chu [International Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Energy in the 21. Century: Addressing Energy Needs and Environmental Challenges, Beijing (China), 20-22 April 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is a pleasure to participate in this second Ministerial Conference convened by the IAEA here in Beijing. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu has asked that I deliver this speech on his behalf. He sends his sincere regrets that he is unable to attend this event personally. As you know, this week is Earth Week, and the Secretary is very engaged promoting our energy and climate change agenda back in Washington. Let me assure you, however, that the United States views nuclear energy as an important part of our effort to put the world on the road to a low-carbon future. The global expansion of nuclear energy. It is now widely recognized that nuclear energy has the potential to curtail dependence on fossil fuels and greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while promoting greater energy security. Yet, given the stakes associated with the use (and potential misuse) of nuclear energy around the world, it is imperative that all nations with existing or new nuclear power programs play an active role in global efforts to address the safety, security, and safeguards implications of nuclear power. As President Obama recently stated, it is time we consider a new framework for civil nuclear cooperation, one that allows all interested countries to enjoy the benefits of nuclear energy while limiting the associated risks of nuclear weapons proliferation. This new framework should include measures that improve energy security, including an international fuel bank and related fuel services arrangements. This conclusion reflects our recognition of the right of nations that comply with global nonproliferation norms to share in the benefits of peaceful nuclear uses. We also share a responsibility to maintain and strengthen global standards for safety, security and nonproliferation. Today, access to nuclear energy faces significant challenges-- the development of sound infrastructure, the reliable provision of nuclear fuel, and the safe and secure management of spent fuel and nuclear waste

  1. Gold nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in aqueous biocompatible solutions: assessment of safety and biological identity for nanomedicine applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correard F

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Florian Correard,1,2 Ksenia Maximova,3 Marie-Anne Estève,1,2 Claude Villard,1 Myriam Roy,4 Ahmed Al-Kattan,3 Marc Sentis,3 Marc Gingras,4 Andrei V Kabashin,3 Diane Braguer1,2 1Aix Marseille Université, INSERM, CR02 UMR_S911, Marseille, France; 2APHM, Hôpital Timone, Marseille, France; 3Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, Marseille, France; 4Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, CINAM, UMR 7325 Marseille, France Abstract: Due to excellent biocompatibility, chemical stability, and promising optical properties, gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs are the focus of research and applications in nanomedicine. Au-NPs prepared by laser ablation in aqueous biocompatible solutions present an essentially novel object that is unique in avoiding any residual toxic contaminant. This paper is conceived as the next step in development of laser-ablated Au-NPs for future in vivo applications. The aim of the study was to assess the safety, uptake, and biological behavior of laser-synthesized Au-NPs prepared in water or polymer solutions in human cell lines. Our results showed that laser ablation allows the obtaining of stable and monodisperse Au-NPs in water, polyethylene glycol, and dextran solutions. The three types of Au-NPs were internalized in human cell lines, as shown by transmission electron microscopy. Biocompatibility and safety of Au-NPs were demonstrated by analyzing cell survival and cell morphology. Furthermore, incubation of the three Au-NPs in serum-containing culture medium modified their physicochemical characteristics, such as the size and the charge. The composition of the protein corona adsorbed on Au-NPs was investigated by mass spectrometry. Regarding composition of complement C3 proteins and apolipoproteins, Au-NPs prepared in dextran solution appeared as a promising drug carrier. Altogether, our results revealed the safety of laser-ablated Au-NPs in human cell lines and support their use for theranostic applications. Keywords: protein

  2. Rites Combining with the Origin and Music Pre ferring the Chu---Research on Liu Bang’ s Thoughts about Music and Dance%礼不忘本乐好楚声--汉高祖刘邦乐舞思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季伟

    2015-01-01

    史书关于汉高祖的乐舞史料记载并不多,只是从不同角度记述了高祖为君、为夫、为父的事迹,其中也反映出了高祖刘邦胸怀博大、继往开来,礼不忘本、乐好楚声,率性而起、即兴而歌,载歌载舞、人文关怀的乐舞思想特征。%There are less historical records about Liu Bang’ s thoughts about music and dance.Even though they are mainly about how he acts as the emperor, the husband, and the father, they can still reflect the traits of his thoughts about music and dance such as being open-minded and inheriting the past and directing the future, rites combining with the origin and music preferring the Chu, behaving following the nature and singing without preparation, singing and dancing and humanistic care.In a word, his thoughts about music and dance impose a great influence on the following generations.

  3. 礼不忘本乐好楚声--汉高祖刘邦乐舞思想研究%Rites Combining with the Origin and Music Pre ferring the Chu---Research on Liu Bang’ s Thoughts about Music and Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季伟

    2015-01-01

    There are less historical records about Liu Bang’ s thoughts about music and dance.Even though they are mainly about how he acts as the emperor, the husband, and the father, they can still reflect the traits of his thoughts about music and dance such as being open-minded and inheriting the past and directing the future, rites combining with the origin and music preferring the Chu, behaving following the nature and singing without preparation, singing and dancing and humanistic care.In a word, his thoughts about music and dance impose a great influence on the following generations.%史书关于汉高祖的乐舞史料记载并不多,只是从不同角度记述了高祖为君、为夫、为父的事迹,其中也反映出了高祖刘邦胸怀博大、继往开来,礼不忘本、乐好楚声,率性而起、即兴而歌,载歌载舞、人文关怀的乐舞思想特征。

  4. Les adénomes somatotropes: etude clinique, biologique et neuroradiologique portant sur 85 cas d'acromégalie suivis à l'Hôpital de la Timone.

    OpenAIRE

    VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo

    1999-01-01

    Introduction Selective acromegaly for acromegaly may have a wide range of remission rates, ranging from 40 to 80% in published series. These heterogeneous results rely not only on the surgeon experience, but also depend on the use of different biochemical remission criteria. Aim of the work The first part of this study is to evaluate clinical, biochemical and radiological data in a consecutive series of 85 patients diagnosed with acromegaly and followed-up by the endocrine team of...

  5. The Profound Connotation of Ode to Fairy Disenchantment and Cao Xueqin's Complex of the Chu Style Poems%《警幻仙姑赋》的深层意蕴及曹雪芹的“师楚”情结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷卫国; 许洪波

    2012-01-01

    关于《红楼梦》中《警幻仙姑赋》的争议历来颇多。它与曹植的《洛神赋》在文字表达等方面有太多相似之处。从挖掘《洛神赋》背后的深意入手,可最终得出这样的结论:对残酷现实的情感宣泄以及人生理想的幻灭是曹雪芹效仿《洛神赋》的根本目的,更是创作《警幻仙姑赋》的深层动机;同时《警幻仙姑赋》在体裁选择及写作手法上所体现出的"师楚"情结,也使《警幻仙姑赋》的悲剧意味得以进一步延伸和升华。%People's views differ in understanding Ode to Fairy Disenchantment in A Dream of Red Mansions.It is similar to Ode to Goddess Luoyang in expression.A study of Ode to Goddess Luoyang shows that release of his emotions about the cruel reality and the illusion of his ideals are the reasons for his imitation of Ode to Goddess Luoyang and the motive of his Ode to Fairy Disenchantment.Furthermore,Cao's choice of genre and writing techniques shows his love of the Chu Style poems,thus contributing to the tragic atmosphere of his own poem.

  6. Translating Chinese Poetry into English Poetry and Adaptive Employment of English Poetic Forms--Taking ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu as the Example%以诗译诗与借形传神--以卓振英《大中华文库·楚辞》英译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2014-01-01

    以诗译诗与借形传神是卓振英《楚辞》英译文的特色。译者进行总体审度和合理调适,借用传统英语诗歌的四行诗体、双行偶韵诗体、三行诗体、五行诗体、十行诗体以及半格律半自由诗体等形式,努力再现《楚辞》的意境美,在很大程度上体现了以译入语文化为导向的翻译理念,这在深层次上是因为这种形式借鉴对英语世界读者更具亲和力,它是沟通译入语文化与源语文化的纽带。%The obvious features of ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu lies the following aspects: “translating Chinese poetry into English poetry” and “adaptive employment of English poetic forms”. Through overall consideration and reasonable adjustment, the translator tries his best to reflect the beauty of artistic conception of the original text by using different forms of traditional English poetry, including quatrain, couplet, triplet, quintet, ten-line-stanza, and so on, which shows target language culture oriented conception. Such affinity form is a link between target language culture and source language culture.

  7. On the Discrepancy in the Interpretation of Historical Resources---Starting from Motif Drought of Chu Bamboo Manuscripts%论史料解读的差异性--由楚竹书灾异文献中的旱灾母题入手

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨博

    2015-01-01

    In the extant corpus of Chu bamboo manuscripts,a considerable number of texts deals with the problem of disasters,anomalies,and related sacrifices and governing strategies,i.e.Drought in Lu State,Expostulation of Response to Drought,Expostulation of Bao Shuya and Xi Peng,Expostulation of Jing Gong on Malaria-carrying Mosquito and others.These texts reflect clearly how people through the periods of Spring and Autumn and Warring States made use of the occurrence of disasters and anomalies to express their political ideas,and this phenomenon gained broad attention among the researchers in the fields of both history of ideas as well as general history.The article focuses on the theme of drought as rendered in newly discovered manuscripts,and contextualizes it with both the received and excavated texts and archaeological finds,and it offers an insight from the perspective of historiography which can bring a better understanding of the historical value contained in these documents.%目前所见战国楚竹书中有《鲁邦大旱》、《柬大王泊旱》、《鲍叔牙与隰朋之谏》及《竞公疟》等篇与先秦时期灾异、祭祀与为政方略等方面有关。诸篇较清晰地反映了战国时人借助灾异现象来表达政治观念的现象,引起了思想史学界的广泛关注。从楚竹书灾异文献有关旱灾背景的母题入手,考察先秦时期旱灾发生的频率与强度及针对旱灾因应措施的“人事”两方面,再以传世文献与考古资料、出土文献相印证,可以更好地从史学层面来理解这些文献所蕴含的史学价值。

  8. A brief explanation of the Chu bamboo slips Hengxian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Wangeng

    2006-01-01

    The discovery of Hengxian and the formation of the category of hengxian are an important recapitulation and creative integration of the theory of the ontological Dao(Tao)in the Pre-Qin period.The cosmology of"self-creating and self-functioning"in Hengxian and the theory of"self-creating and self-evolving"in Liezi and Zhuangzi can be mutually interpreted.It indicates that the theory of transformation of qi entered a quite mature state in the Warring States Period.

  9. Comparison of the surface contamination of class A shielded containment gloves and a standard shielded containment - professional practices evaluation radiopharmacy Public assistance Marseille hospitals; Comparaison de la contamination de surface des gants d'une enceinte blindee de classe A et d'une enceinte blindee Standard - EPP radiopharmacie APHM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, V.; Giraud, F.; Pisano, P.; Guillet, B. [CHU Nord, Marseille, Service de radiopharmacie, 13 (France); CHU Timone, service de radiopharmacie, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2010-07-01

    Purpose: The pole of Pharmacy of 'Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Marseille' initiated a process of evaluation of professional practice. The two functional units of radiopharmacy are involved by comparing the surface contamination of gloves of a class A cell and a standard shielded cell, both in class D premises. Conclusions: In a shielded Class A cell placed in class D premises, there is microbial contamination of gloves probably due to the introduction of not disinfected equipment. In a standard shielded cell where contamination is most important, gloves cleaning should be performed several times during the workday, at least every four hours with a surface bactericidal and fungicidal agent. (N.C.)

  10. Význam školního úspěchu a neúspěchu na konci základní školy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vojtíšková, Kateřina

    Brno : MS, 2010, s. 564-569. ISBN 978-80-87182-15-4. [Sociální pedagogika ve střední Evropě. Inovace a nové trendy. Brno (CZ), 28.04.2010-29.04.2010] R&D Projects: GA MŠk 2D06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Ethnography * social inequalities * school success/failure Subject RIV: AM - Education

  11. Steven Chu, from Nobel Prize Winner to U.S. Energy Secretary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    美国当选总统奥巴马宣布,华裔科学家、诺贝尔物理学奖获得者朱棣文被正式提名为能源部长。朱棣文成为继赵小兰2后,第二位出任美国内阁部长的华裔,也是美国能源部有史以来首位亚裔部长兼专家型部长。

  12. Steven Chu, from Nobel Prize Winner to U.S. Energy Secretary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昊

    2009-01-01

    美国当选总统奥巴马宣布,华裔科学家、诺贝尔物理学奖获得者朱棣文被正式提名为能源部长。朱棣文成为继赵小兰之后,第二位出任美国内阁部长的华裔,也是美国能源部有史以来首位亚裔部长兼专家型部长。

  13. Electric Dipole Antennas With Magnetic-Coated PEC Cores: Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.

    2012-01-01

    The radiation properties of spherical electric dipole antennas with electric current excitation and material-coated perfectly electrically conducting (PEC) cores are investigated analytically using vector spherical wave functions. Closed-form expressions for electric and magnetic stored energy as...

  14. Le campus et le C.H.U de Bordeaux 1959-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Saboya

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Première partie : Le campus et le CHU : 1959-1974Le campus, style « sévère »Le 23 juillet 1963, le plan masse du complexe universitaire prolongeant les premières réalisations de René-André Coulon est approuvé par le Conseil général des bâtiments de France. L’extension, programmée dès le départ mais impulsée par le recteur Babin, s’étire sur près de 250 ha. Le campus de Talence, Pessac et Gradignan est désormais un des plus grands d’Europe. Le plan, confié à l’architecte parisien Louis Sainsau...

  15. Hiina : olümpiakahjum ettevõtetele / Dexter Roberts, Chi-Chu Tshang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roberts, Dexter

    2008-01-01

    Hiina valitsus on kehtestanud paljudele tööstusettevõtetele nii olümpiamängude kui paraolümpia toimumise ajaks suurt majanduslikku kahju tekitavad ranged tootmispiirangud, mis võivad mõjutada isegi välisriikide tarbijaid

  16. [Adult autopsies in a French university hospital (CHU Amiens) for the period 1975-2005].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatelain, Denis; Brevet, Marie; Guernou, Malika; Manaouil, Cécile; Leclercq, Fabienne; Bruniau, Alexis; Cordonnier, Carole; Sevestre, Henri

    2007-09-01

    We have reviewed the pathological reports of adult necropsies performed in Amiens hospital during the 1975-2005 period. 1,639 autopsies were performed in 1,049 men and 590 women. We distinguished three periods: 1975-1987 (period 1) with a high number of autopsies (86/year), 1988-1996 (period 2) with a huge decrease of autopsies performed (43/year) and 1997-2005 (period 3) with few autopsies performed (14/year). Patients were younger during period 3, 38% were less than 50 years old versus 26% and 29% during periods 1 and 2. The sex ratio M/F increased during period 3 (2.7 versus 1.7 and 1.9 during periods 1 and 2). Period 3 showed an increase of major diagnoses discovered during autopsies (36% versus 28% of autopsies performed during periods 1 and 2) and showed an increase of autopsies performed after iatrogenic events (20% versus 12% and 13% of autopsies of periods 1 and 2). Period 3 showed an increase of the delay between the death of patients and autopsy and a decrease of the delay of transmission of pathological reports. 2% of autopsies were never answered by the pathologists. In conclusion, our study confirms the major decline of autopsies during the last 30 years. Patients autopsied are currently young men and the autopsies are more frequently performed in potential forensic circumstances. Selection biases explain that major diagnoses are more frequently found at autopsies nowadays than 30 years ago. PMID:18185448

  17. Anodic dissolution mwchanisms of copper in neutral carbonate-chloride solution. Tansan en oyobi enkabutsu yoeki chu ni okeru do no anodo yokai. Chusei yoeki chu ni okeru yokai kiko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishikata, Atsushi; Tsuru, Toru; Itagaki, Masayuki; Haruyama, Shiro; Fujii, Eiichiro (Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo (Japan) Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Tokyo (Japan) Tokyo National College of Technology, Tokyo (Japan) Toshiba Corp., Kawasaki (Japan))

    1990-01-15

    In this study, anodic polarization curves of copper in neutral solutions containing CO {sup 2 {minus}} {sub 3} and Cl {sup {minus}} ions were measured by the stationary solution and channel flow electrode method, the anodic dissolution mechanism of copper was studied and the effects of concentration of carbonate and chloride were investigated. As a result, the following was found: (1) Concerning the anodic polarization curves of copper, the oxidation region I toward univalent and the oxidation region II toward divalent appeared continuously like in the alkaline solution and a clear Tarfel relationship was obtained respectively. It was revealed that in both the oxidation region toward univalent and the oxidation region toward divalent, the eletric current relied only on the Cl sup - concentration and did not rely on PH and CO {sup 2 {minus}} {sub 3} concentrations. (2) Based on PH, CO {sup 2 {minus}} {sub 3} and Cl {sup {minus}} concentration dependability and the result of elused ionic species obtained by the channel flow electrode method, the reaction mechanism in the respective regions were clarified. 5 refs, 4 figs, 1 tab.

  18. Report relative to the radiotherapy accident occurred at the C.H.U. of Toulouse - Rangueil hospital; Rapport relatif a l'incident de radiotherapie survenu au CHU de Toulouse - Hopital de Rangueil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-05-15

    A defect of calibration of accelerator used for the radiotherapy pulls an uncertainty on 145 patients treated since the starting of the device. It appears after calculation that the volume(of sane organs) concerned by a overdose are only for six cases. It is difficult to know from these data if a sanitary effect can occur the volume irradiated being very low. The manufacturer of the device who detected an abnormality in the files of calibration warns the hospital on April 17., 2007, the hospital stops the functioning of the device on April 18., on April 20. the declaration)of the event arrives at the division of the Asn of Bordeaux. The D.D.A.S.S. of Haute-Garonne and the regional agency of hospitalization (A.R.H.) of south Pyrenees were contacted by the division of Bordeaux. Patients are informed their files will be given to I.R.S.N. for a study concerning eventual side effects. The institute of sanitary surveillance will realize a follow up of the patients concerned and has to propose a protocol of epidemiological surveillance that will be on a two years period that corresponds to the delay of side effects appearance after this kind of treatment. (N.C.)

  19. LA MISE EN PLACE D’UNE STRUCTURE MEDICALE INDEPENDANTE : LE CAS DU SERVICE DES URGENCES DU CHU HABIB BOURGUIBA

    OpenAIRE

    Gasmi, Ahmed; Marcon, Eric; Chakroun, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    "Aujourd’hui, le service d’urgence est confronté à plusieurs problèmes comme l’allongement des files d’attente de patients devant les box d’examen médical. Dans cette étude nous nous intéressons à la réduction des délais d’attente pour les patients aux urgences. Dans ce but, nous avons proposé trois axes d’améliorations portant sur la séparation des flux entrants par niveau de gravité, l’installation d’une structure médicale indépendante qui assure la permanence des soins durant les périodes ...

  20. Cancer of the penis associated with HIV: a report of three cases presenting at the CHU cocody, ivory coast

    OpenAIRE

    Konan, P. G.; Vodi, C. C.; Dekou, A. H.; Fofana, A.; Gowé, E. E.; Manzan, K.

    2015-01-01

    Background We describe three cases of advanced penile cancer associated with HIV infection. Case presentation Advanced penile cancer associated with VIH infection were discovered in three patients aged respectively 47, 56 and 40. The prognosis was extremely poor. Two patients died without receiving any treatment and one patient was lost to follow-up after refusing all treatment proposed. Conclusion There appears to be a link between HIV infection and penile cancer with concomitant HIV infecti...

  1. Les infections à Pseudomonas aeruginosa au service des maladies infectieuses du CHU YO, Burkina Faso: à propos deux cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Lassina, Dao; Fla, Koueta

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons deux cas d'infection à Pseudomonas aeruginosa: un cas de méningite et un cas d'infection urinaire. Les auteurs rappellent qu’à côté des étiologies classiques des méningites et des infections urinaires, des germes résistants comme Pseudomonas aeruginosa peuvent être responsables d'infections à localisation méningées et urinaires et dont il faut connaître pour une bonne prise en charge. Le traitement de ces infections requiert un antibiogramme au regard de la grande capacité de résistance de Pseudomonas aeruginosa en milieu hospitalier. La limitation des gestes invasifs et l'application rigoureuse des mesures de prévention des infections en milieu hospitalier contribueront à lutter efficacement contre ces infections en milieu de soins. PMID:26491521

  2. Krize legitimity Komunistické strany Číny a Chu Ťin-tchaova demokracie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klimeš, Ondřej

    XXXIV, č. 3 (2010), s. 27-27. ISSN 0543-7962 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90210515 Keywords : Chinese Communist Party * legitimacy crisis * Hu Jintao Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences

  3. Les infections à Pseudomonas aeruginosa au service des maladies infectieuses du CHU YO, Burkina Faso: à propos deux cas

    OpenAIRE

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Lassina, Dao; Fla, Koueta

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons deux cas d'infection à Pseudomonas aeruginosa: un cas de méningite et un cas d'infection urinaire. Les auteurs rappellent qu’à côté des étiologies classiques des méningites et des infections urinaires, des germes résistants comme Pseudomonas aeruginosa peuvent être responsables d'infections à localisation méningées et urinaires et dont il faut connaître pour une bonne prise en charge. Le traitement de ces infections requiert un antibiogramme au regard de la grande capacité de ...

  4. Etude synthétique sur la gestion des déchets hospitaliers au niveau du CHU - Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    LARABI, Hadjira

    2015-01-01

    RESUME Les déchets d'activité de soins sont parmi ceux dont les dangers sont encore peu ou mal connus en Algérie par le public d'une part et par le secteur sanitaire d'autre part. Ce n'est que récemment qu'un texte de loi a été décrété pour une meilleure gestion de ce type de déchets, suivi de quelques décrets et instructions ministérielles. Le CFIT.J Tlemcen, infrastructure d'une importance régionale incontestable, est doté d'un maximum de services médicaux et chirurgica...

  5. Electronic excitation and deexcitation of atoms and molecules in nonequilibrium plasmas; Hiheiko plasma chu no denshi reiki ryushi hanno katei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimamori, H. [Fukui University of Technology, Fukui (Japan)

    1997-05-20

    Regarding excitation and deexcitation due to collision of electrons and deexcitation due to collision of baryons in nonequilibrium plasma, explanation is made about the general characteristics of the elementary processes involving their formation and disappearance and about the prediction of their sectional areas and velocity constants. As for the process of the formation of excited atoms and molecules by collision of electrons, it may be divided into the direct excitation in the ground state, excitation and light emission toward the resonance state, reexcitation and transformation of excited particles, recombination of electrons and positive atomic ions, and dissociation and recombination of electrons and positive molecular ions. As for the process of the disappearance of excited particles, there exist various courses it may follow, and it is quite complicated because it is dependent on the types of particles involved and the conditions the process proceeds under. Although the skeleton has been built of the theory of derivation of the sectional area of excitation due to collision of electrons and atoms/molecules, yet it is accurate enough only when applied to simple atomic/molecular systems, is far from satisfying in general, and is to be augmented by data from future experiments. 22 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  6. 刘禹锡贬谪诗与楚文化%Liu Yuxi's Relegated Poetry and Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于伟

    2011-01-01

    楚地和楚文化历史悠久,形成了自己的特色.因"永贞革新"被贬楚地的刘禹锡在他贬谪诗的创作中受楚地教巫祝、日火崇拜等风俗影响,其诗显现出新的光芒色彩;对楚地的古迹风物这类人文意象的描写,使其诗有了深刻的内涵;对楚地风雨四季这类自然意象的描绘,使其诗有了更多的灵动气息.不幸的遭际却让刘禹锡的诗歌创作有了新的成就.

  7. Prise en charge du diabète gestationnel au niveau du service de maternité du CHU TLEMCEN

    OpenAIRE

    Chelef, Sidi Med Amine; Bouayad Agha, Selma

    2013-01-01

    A l'image du diabète de type2, la prévalence du diabète gestation nel ne cesse de croitre. Il s'agit d'un problème majeur auquel les praticiens se trouvent confrontés souvent. Le diabète gestationnel est une pathologie qui fait débat, tant de stratégies de dépistage, de diagnostic et de prise en charge ont été et sont encore discutées. Les résultats des études internationales, concernant notamment les chiffres de prévalence du diabète gestationnel et les conséquences m...

  8. Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q With Magnetic Dipole Antennas Using a Magnetic-Coated PEC Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    We analytically solve the radiation problem for a spherical magnetic dipole antenna with a material-coated perfectly electrically conducting core. Using the closed-form expressions derived for the internal and external stored energies as well as for the radiation quality factor $Q$, we determine...

  9. Wellness - klíč k osobnímu úspěchu, novodobá forma spirituality nebo klam?

    OpenAIRE

    Kutmanová, Lucie

    2012-01-01

    The topic of this thesis is concrete multi-level marketing company, which distribute wellness products. Thesis consider this problem from economical, sociological, religious and medicial point of view. Theoretical part describes the problem in terms of multi-level marketing, religion, health and wellness.Practial part compares this terms with the company and its behavior, characterize its socio-cultural enviroment, with help of the specialist and comparism of prices evaluate its products and ...

  10. Aggregation of estimated numbers of undiscovered deposits: an R-script with an example from the Chu Sarysu Basin, Kazakhtan: Chapter B in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuenemeyer, John H.; Zientek, Michael L.; Box, Stephen E.

    2011-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments completed by the U.S. Geological Survey during the past three decades express geologically based estimates of numbers of undiscovered mineral deposits as probability distributions. Numbers of undiscovered deposits of a given type are estimated in geologically defined regions. Using Monte Carlo simulations, these undiscovered deposit estimates are combined with tonnage and grade models to derive a probability distribution describing amounts of commodities and rock that could be present in undiscovered deposits within a study area. In some situations, it is desirable to aggregate the assessment results from several study areas. This report provides a script developed in open-source statistical software, R, that aggregates undiscovered deposit estimates of a given type, assuming independence, total dependence, or some degree of correlation among aggregated areas, given a user-specified correlation matrix.

  11. Management current land use of perennial industrial crops by NDVI index: A case study in Chu Se District, Gia Lai Province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Hoang Khanh Linh; Nguyen, Bich Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    Remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) - an effective tool for managing naturalresources, is quite common application in establishing thematic maps. However, the application of this modern technology in natural resource management has not yet been popular in Vietnam, particularly mapping the land use/cover. Currently, land use/cover map is constructed as traditional methods and gets limitations of management counting due to time-consuming for mapping andsynthesis the status of...

  12. thrombo phlebite cérébrale au niveau du service de neurologie médicale CHU tlemcen 2008/2010

    OpenAIRE

    kahlaoui, mokhtar; darkaoui, mohamed

    2011-01-01

    La prévention de I'AVC chez les sujets passe par le dépistage des facteurs de risque. Le dépistage de I'HTA doit être précoce. Celui des autres facteurs de risque doit être généralisé. Le recyclage du personnel médical est indispensable pour éviter l'iatrogénie. Nos pays devraient se doter de moyens de transports médicaux qui sont utiles dans toutes les pathologies et surtout dans les urgences.

  13. Aspects épidémiologique, clinique et anatomopathologique du mélanome CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

    OpenAIRE

    Korsaga-Somé, Nina; Zongo, Nayi; Ouangré, Edgar; Tapsoba, Patrice; Ouédraogo, Muriel Sidnomam; Ilboudo, Léopold; Bassolet, Alban; Sanou, Maryam; Djimtibaye, Djounitana; Barro-Traoré, Fatou; Niamba, Pascal; Traoré, Adama

    2015-01-01

    Le mélanome est une tumeur maligne développée aux dépens des mélanocytes. Ses caractéristiques épidémiologiques restent peu étudiées dans les populations africaines. D'où le but de cette étude. Il s'est agit d'une étude rétrospective descriptive de janvier 2009 à décembre 2012 et prospective en 2013. Pour la partie rétrospective, nous avons inclus tous les patients atteints de mélanome confirmé par l'examen histopathologique et ayant un dossier clinique exploitable. Pour la partie prospective...

  14. Effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter from DI diesel engine; Particulate chu no PAH ni oyobosu nenryo sosei no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, S.; Tatani, T.; Yoshida, H.; Takizawa, H.; Miyoshi, K.; Ikebe, H. [COSMO Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in particulate matter from DI diesel engine was investigated by using deeply desulfurized fuel and model fuel which properties are not interrelated. It was found that the deeply desulfurized fuel have effect on reducing PAH emissions. Furthermore, it was suggested that poly aromatics in the fuel affect PAH emissions and the influence of tri-aromatics in the fuel was promoted by the coexistence of mono-aromatics or naphthene. PAH formation scheme from each fuel component was proposed by chemical thermodynamic data. 4 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Strategies to develop market access that contribute to resilience in the Bolivian highlands: Case study: PMCA and BAP for chuño and tunta

    OpenAIRE

    Figueroa, M; Valdivia, Corinne

    2008-01-01

    The study evaluates how the Bolivian Andean Platform (BAP), under the philosophy of the Participatory Market Chain Approach (PMCA) reduces transaction costs for native products, Chuno and Tunta, elaborated by small-scale farmers in three communities in Umala-Bolivia. At a first stage, the study identifies how local native potato varieties' programs (NPVP) developed by the International Potato Center (CIP)-ALTAGRO development project empower farmers to be able to participate in the BAP. It als...

  16. Magnetism and martensitic transformation of iron particles in a copper matrix; Cu boso chu no sekishutsu Fe ryushi no jikiteki henka to marutensaito hentai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Y. [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1995-07-20

    It is shown that the transformation process of Fe particles in Cu-Fe alloy can be traced by saturation magnetization measurement and magnetic anisotropy measurement. The effect of the magnetic transition of {gamma}-Fe on martensitic transformation and the magnetic field effect of antimagnetic {gamma}-Fe on martensitic transformation are also introduced. As a result of experiment, it is demonstrated that no {alpha}-Fe is formed during the aging up to 2.9Ms. The torque curves obtained by the experiment are analyzed theoretically from the viewpoints of crystalline magnetic anisotropy and shape magnetic anisotropy. The temperature dependency of the amount of martensitic transformation can be expected to change at the Neel temperature. The temperature dependency of yield strength agrees well with the temperature dependency of the amount of martensitic transformation. Simultaneous application of magnetic field and stress results in the induction of the state which causes transformation even below Neel temperature by stress, and it seems that additional magnetic field induced martensitic transformation occurs by the effect of the applied magnetic field. 45 refs., 6 figs.

  17. Greffe de cornée: expérience du service d'ophtalmologie au CHU Mohammed VI de Marrakech, Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belghmaidi, Sarah; Hajji, Ibtissam; Soummane, Hasna; Ennassiri, Wiam; Essafi, Hafsa; Moutaouakil, Abdeljalil

    2016-01-01

    La kératoplastie transfixiante est l'une des plus fréquentes des greffes de tissus et transplantations d'organes. Le but de notre travail est de rapporter notre expérience en matière de greffe de cornée. C'est une étude prospective de 195 patients ayant bénéficié d'une greffe de cornée sur une période allant d'aout 2009 à Août 2015. Le recul moyen est de 21 mois. Les indications de la greffe étaient le kératocône 33.8%, les séquelles de traumatisme 10.7%, la kératopathie bulleuse 19.5%, les dystrophies héréditaires 10.7%, et les kératites herpétiques 9.2%. L'acuité visuelle initiale était inférieure à 1/10 dans 90% des cas. Nous avons observé une réaction de rejet dans 19 yeux dont 14 étaient récupérables, 33 hypertonies oculaires, 20cataracte, et 2 décollements descmetiques. La greffe de cornée apparaît comme une intervention donnant de bons résultats anatomiques et fonctionnels. Les résultats ne doivent pas occulter une surveillance post opératoire étroite et régulière pour dépister à temps d’éventuelles complications, en particulier le rejet de greffe. PMID:27303575

  18. High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R and D resulted in 7 R and D 100 Awards including the 2010 R and D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

  19. Détermination de la concentration minimale inhibitrice et fongicide de quelques antifongiques vis –à- vis des levures isolées du CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Malki, Fatima Zohra

    2015-01-01

    Les infections fongiques ont considérablement augmenté ces dernières années et sont devenues aujourd’hui une préoccupation importante pour les établissements de soins. Bien que Candida albicans soit le pathogène majoritairement identifié lors de ces infections, d’autres espèces non albicans peuvent être impliquées notamment dans de nombreuses pathologies nosocomiales. En effet, ces levures se développent an adhérant à des implants médicaux, tels que les cathéters formant ain...

  20. L’infarctus du myocarde du jeune adulte -Analyse rétrospective des cas colligés au CHU de Dakar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nobila Valentin Yameogo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Les données relatives à l’infarctus du myocarde chez le jeune adulte sont rares en Afrique noir. Nous rapportons une série rétrospective de 14 cas d’infarctus du myocarde chez l’adulte jeune noir africain. Pour analyser les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, cliniques, électriques, échographiques, biologiques, thérapeutiques et évolutives de l’infarctus aigu du myocarde chez le jeune adulte nous avons étudié de manière rétrospective les dossiers médicaux d’une série consécutive des patients admis entre Janvier 2003 et Décembre 2008 pour prise en charge d’infarctus aigu du myocarde. Quatre-vingt quatre (84 cas d’infarctus du myocarde ont été pris en charge durant la période d’étude ,14 patients (16,6% avaient un âge inférieur ou égal à 40 ans. L’âge moyen était de 34 +ou-5ans (extrêmes 27ans et 40 ans. Les facteurs de risque cardio-vasculaire étaient dominés par le sexe masculin (n=11, la dyslipidémie (n=7 et le tabagisme par cigarette (n=6. La contraception orale était absente chez le 1/3 des patients. Le délai moyen d’admission était tardif (15 plus ou moins 4 heures. L’IDM était antérieur dans la moitié des cas. L’acide acétylsalicylique, les inhibiteurs de l’enzyme de conversion Les bétabloquants et les statines étaient les médicaments les plus prescrits. La thrombolyse et l’angioplastie étaient respectivement réalisées chez 3 patients et 0 patient. 4 cas d’insuffisance cardiaque, 2 cas de bloc atrio-ventriculaire complet et 1 cas de décès étaient les principales complications. L’infarctus du myocarde concerne également le sujet jeune noir africain. Les facteurs de risque sont essentiellement représentés par le sexe, la dyslipidémie, le tabagisme et la contraception orale.

  1. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    Audiovideo service

    1998-01-01

    Prof. C. Cohen-Tannoudji presents "manipulating atoms with light" . By using quasi-resonant exchanges of energy, linear and angular momentum between atoms and photons, it is possible to polarize atoms, to displace their energy levels and to control their position and their velocity. A few physical mechanisms allowing one to trap atoms and to cool them in the microKelvin, and even in the nanoKelvin range, will be described. Various possible applications of such ultracold atoms will be also reviewed.

  2. Salida de campo por Valladolid los días 19 y 20 de mayo de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Valladolid capital los días 19 de 20 de mayo de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre el Erizo (pudiendo ser Erinaceus europaeus o Atelerix algirus), los reptiles: Malpolon monspessulanus (Culebra bastarda, llamada Coleopeltis mouspessulanus por el autor) y Timon lepidus (Lagarto ocelado, llamado Lacerta lepida o Lacerta ocellata por el autor), y las siguientes aves: Asio otus (Búho chico), Clamator glandarius (Críalo europeo), Serinus serinus (Verdecillo), Stur...

  3. Effectiveness of methylphenidate as augmentation therapy after failure of adjunctive neuromodulation for patients with treatment-refractory bipolar depression: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Adida M; Azorin JM

    2014-01-01

    Marc Adida,1,2 Jean-Michel Azorin1,21Sainte-Marguerite Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Mediterranean University, 2Timone Health Campus, National Research Scientific Centre, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Adjunctive use of methylphenidate, a central stimulant, has been considered as a potential therapeutic choice for patients with refractory unipolar, geriatric, or bipolar depression, and depression secondary to medical illness. We present a case of bipolar depression in which the patient resp...

  4. Trigeminal neuralgia related to megadolichobasilar artery compression: a prospective series of twenty-nine patients treated with gamma knife surgery, with more than one year of follow-up.

    OpenAIRE

    Tuleasca, Constantin; Carron, Romain; Resseguier, Noémie; Donnet, Anne; Roussel, P.; Gaudart, Jean; Levivier, Marc; Regis, Jean

    2014-01-01

    International audience BACKGROUND:Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) secondary to megadolichobasilar artery (MBA) compression is considerably difficult to manage surgically.OBJECTIVE:This study aims to evaluate the safety/efficacy of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) in this special group of patients.METHODS:Between July 1992 and November 2010, 29 patients with >1 year of follow-up presenting with MBA compression were treated with GKS at Timone University Hospital. Radiosurgery was performed using a Gamma ...

  5. The role of alveolar type II cells in swine leptospirosis

    OpenAIRE

    Ângela P. Campos; Dayane F.H. Miranda; Geórgia B.B. Alves; Micherlene S. Carneiro; Prianti, Maria G; Larissa M.F. Gonçalves; Vanessa Castro; Francisco A.L. Costa

    2015-01-01

    Abstract: This study aimed to investigate a possible relationship between alveolar type II cells and the inflammatory response to infection with Leptospira spp., and thus comprise a further element that can be involved in the pathogenesis of lung injury in naturally infected pigs. The study group consisted of 73 adult pigs that were extensively reared and slaughtered in Teresina, Piauí state, and Timon, Maranhão state, Brazil. The diagnosis of leptospirosis was made using the microscopic aggl...

  6. Whole genome sequencing for deciphering the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes, an emerging multidrug-resistant bacterium isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient in Marseille, France

    OpenAIRE

    T. Cimmino; J.-M. Rolain

    2016-01-01

    We decipher the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes MARS15, an emerging multidrug-resistant clinical strain, using the whole genome sequencing strategy. The bacterium was isolated from the sputum of a hospitalized patient with cystic fibrosis in the Timone Hospital in Marseille, France. Genome sequencing was done with Illumina MiSeq using a paired-end strategy. The in silico analysis was done by RAST, the resistome by the ARG-ANNOT database and detection of polyketide synthase (PKS) by ...

  7. Barrier effects on vertebrate distribution caused by a motorway crossing through fragmented forest landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Tellería, J. L.; J.A. Díaz; Pérez–Tris, J.; Juana, E. de; De la Hera, I.; Iraeta, P.; Salvador, A.; Santos, T.

    2011-01-01

    We analysed the effects of a 25–year–old motorway on the distribution of five vertebrates inhabiting a fragmented forest landscape and differing in their ability to move across linear infrastructures. We found clear evidence of barrier effects on the distribution of the forest lizard Psammodromus algirus. The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) was also unequally distributed on both sides of the motorway, but this could also be due, at least in part, to fragmentation. The eyed lizard (Timon lepidu...

  8. Evaluation of a prototype electronic personal health record for patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

    OpenAIRE

    Chiche, Laurent

    2012-01-01

    Laurent Chiche,1 Alessandra Brescianini,1 Julien Mancini,2 Hervé Servy,3 Jean-Marc Durand11Service de Médecine Interne, Centre de Compétence pour la prise en charge des Cytopénies Auto-immunes, Hôpital de la Conception, Marseille, 2Service de Santé Publique, Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille, 3Association AIMSU, Maison des Associations, La Ciotat, FranceBackground: Patients with rare diseases often lack information about...

  9. Are reviewers obstructing stem cell research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Binetruy

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Bernard BinetruyINSERM U626, Faculté de Médecine La Timone, Marseille, FranceA current controversy in stem cell research was published on the BBC website recently. Some stem cell researchers have said that "they believe a small group of scientists is effectively vetoing high quality science from publication in journals". They strongly suspected some reviewers to be deliberately sending back negative comments or asking for unnecessary experiments. Nature editor, Dr Philip Campbell, has said that "this idea is utterly false".

  10. Salida de campo al monte de El Alambrado (Quintanilla de Onésimo, Valladolid) el 29 de junio de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo al monte de El Alambrado, en Quintanilla de Onésimo (Valladolid), el 29 de junio de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre vegetación, renacuajos, una sapo tiñoso (sin concretar la especie), culebras, lagartijas, Timon lepidus (Lagarto ocelado, llamado Lacerta lepida o Lacerta ocellata por el autor), grillos, mariposas, los siguientes mamíferos: Ardilla (pudiendo ser Sciurus vulgaris o Atlantoxerus getulus), Felis silvestris (Gato montés), Lirón (pudiendo ser Eliomys ...

  11. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U01506-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available enom... 44 3.2 1 ( EL492366 ) CHUS764.b1_H24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Heli...... 44 3.2 1 ( EL490584 ) CHUS5654.b1_K22.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 44 3.2 1 ( EL479800 ) CHUM1778.b1_C14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzl

  12. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12422-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 3 ( EL513628 ) CHUY396.b1_G03.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 1e-06 4 (... EL513966 ) CHUY737.b1_B18.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 1e-06 4 ( DH772441 ) Rattus norvegicus D...03, 5' ... 48 1e-05 3 ( EL513533 ) CHUX637.b1_I16.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 1e-05 3 ( AC10558

  13. 惟楚有道--读汉民兄《湘学原道录》之随想%Having Dao Solely in Chu --The Opinion on Reading the Book "Xiangxue yuan Dao Lu" Wrote by Zhu Han-min

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    启良

    2004-01-01

    以读朱汉民教授为切入点,试图对湘学传统与湖湘精神予以深层次的理解.作者认为,湖湘哲学虽最得孔门儒学的真义,但并不表明其现代意义完全是正面的.

  14. Contrôle de qualité des produits radio-pharmaceutiques utilisés au Service de medecine nucléaire au CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    BENHADA, Henene; RACHEDI, Chafiqa

    2012-01-01

    Les médicaments radio-pharmaceutiques constituent l'un des outils essentiels des services de Médecine Nucléaire. Ces médicaments sont principalement réservés au diagnostic (95% des applications) mais également à la thérapie (< 5%). De par leur spécificité (administration unique lors d'une exploration fonctionnelle ; durée de vie du médicament courte, du fait du principe même de la radioactivité), les radiopharmaceutiques posent des problèmes quant à la réalisation des tests req...

  15. Effects of OEF/OIF deployment intensity on PTSD diagnoses among still active population: analysis of enlisted and officer populations 2001-2006/ by Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes.

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Yu-Chu; Arkes, Jeremy

    2009-01-01

    This study estimates the effect of deployment location and length on the risk of being diagnosed with PTSD, relative to what it would be from the normal military operations; and examines the comorbidity distribution within the PTSD population. We use a random sample of active-duty personnel serving between 2001 and 2006. We identify PTSD cases from TRICARE medical records and link deployment information from Contingent Tracking System. We estimate logistic regressions to assess the effect of ...

  16. K rozmnožení cti a chvály Boží a ku prospěchu vlasti. Mikuláš Walter z Waltersperku († 1578) a jeho studijní nadace

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Holá, M.; Holý, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 28, č. 1 (2013), s. 5-27. ISSN 0231-7494 R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP405/12/P422 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : educational foundations * Mikuláš Walter of Waltersperk * Prague University * Early Modern Period Subject RIV: AB - History

  17. Development of the new polyamide. Fragrance group compound in the lignin, to the live resolution nylon; Shinki na poriamido no kaihatsu. Rigunin chu no hokozoku kagobutsu wo seibunkaisei nairon he

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shigehara, Kiyotaka.; Katayama, Yoshihiro. [Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technilogy, Tokyo (Japan); Nishikawa, Seiji

    1999-08-01

    2- pyrone -4 and PDC were set up as new polymers material with the aim of the effective use of the lignin, and PDC was composed of the vanillin which it could get by the oxidisation of the lignin resolving it by 3-step microorganism response. PDC was led in acid chloride, and it ascertained that a polyamide could be synthesized by solution. (NEDO)

  18. Jak vyučovat děti filosofii aneb o dívce, smrti a výsměchu, o velrybě nemluvě

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Profant, Martin

    Praha: Epocha, 2007 - (Dopita, M.; Staněk, A.), s. 190-208 ISBN 978-80-87027-37-0. [Multikulturní dimenze v RVP ZV a její reflexe v ŠVP prostřednictvím výchovy k občanství. Olomouc (CZ), 20.08.2007-24.08.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : mortality * animal * instrument * philosophy * teaching * curriculum Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  19. Melæna massif révélant un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers vu au CHU-JRA Madagascar: à propos d'un cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers (SPJ) est caractérisé par l'association d'une polypose digestive hamartomateuse et d'une lentiginose cutanéo-muqueuse. Les malades sont exposés à des complications mécaniques et hémorragiques. Il s'agit d'un syndrome de prédisposition au cancer. Notre étude a pour objectif de rappeler les diagnostiques d'un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers, de connaitre les complications ainsi que les progrès thérapeutiques dans la prise en charge. Nous avons rapporté le cas d'un homme de 32 ans présentant un melaena massif. Il a été hospitalisé en service de réanimation chirurgicale pour état de choc hypovolémique difficile à contrôler. Il a nécessité une intervention chirurgicale pour arrêter l'hémorragie. Nous avons trouvé un polype hamartomateux dans le grêle qui a causé le saignement. Le diagnostic d'un Syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers a été posé devant la notion de lentiginose labiale pendant l'enfance. Lors de l'exploration clinique et paraclinique, il ne présente pas encore de cancer. A Madagascar, cette pathologie est encore mal connue. Dans la littérature, le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers peut être révélé cliniquement ou au stade de complication comme l'hémorragie, l'invagination ou l'occlusion intestinale. Dans notre cas, la maladie est compliquée d'une hémorragie digestive avec état de choc hypovolémique. La polypectomie endoscopique par entéroscopie à double ballonnet permet de diminuer le recours à la chirurgie grêlique d'urgence. Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers est une affection rare. Mais il est important aux cliniciens de le connaitre et de penser à sa possibilité en cas d'hémorragie digestive. PMID:27217901

  20. An approach to patient dose optimisation in interventional radiology at the Clermont-Ferrand Hospital Centre; Demarche d'optimisation de la dosimetrie des patients en radiologie interventionnelle au CHU de Clermont-Ferrand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guersen, Joel; Chabrot, Pascal; Cassagnes, Lucie; Gabrillargues, Jean; Boyer [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire - CHU, Clermont-Ferrand (France)

    2011-07-15

    In late October 2009, a serious event occurred in the imaging unit of the Clermont- Ferrand university hospital, corresponding to localised pruritic erythematous cutaneous lesions which resemble radiation-induced damage, following a double pelvic arterial embolization, which saved the life of a young female patient. The imaging unit and the General Management of the University Hospital notified ASN of the event and an on-site dosimetric appraisal carried out by IRSN confirmed that there was a very strong probability that the cutaneous symptoms were attributable to radiation. An internal inquiry concluded that there was a problem with optimisation of the machine parameters in the angiography facility concerned. The imaging unit then initiated a Patient dosimetry optimisation process for the 3 vascular radiology and vascular neuro-radiology facilities in the establishment, divided into 3 main phases dealing with: - image acquisition rates; - the high-voltage settings of the facility concerned, following notification of the event to AFSSAPS, implicating the manufacturer; - the radioscopy and radiography image acquisition parameters, following intervention by the IRSN experts at the request of the imaging unit. On the facility concerned, the reduction in the X-ray dose delivered to the patients was initially 30%, then 35% and finally 25%, representing a total reduction by a factor of three. (authors)

  1. Effect of VN precipitates on formation of grain boundary and intragranular ferrite in a high N-V bearing steel; V-N tenkako no ryukai oyobi ryunai ferrite hentai ni oyobosu austenite chu no VN sekishutsu no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omori, A.; Oi, K.; Kawabata, F.; Amano, K. [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-11-01

    The enhancement of ferrite nucleation owing to vanadium nitride (VN) precipitated in the austenite phase was studied for a 0.14%C- 1.45%Mn-0.06%V-0.009%N steel and the isothermal ferrite transformation behavior associated with VN precipitation was also quantitatively discussed. Vanadium nitrides precipitate on the austenite grain boundary in preference to the grain interior and increase the density of grain boundary ferrites. On the other hand, VN precipitates in austenite grain interior are less effective to intragranular ferrite nucleation. The calculation based on the classical nucleation theory shows that the activation energy of VN precipitates for a critical ferrite nucleus formation is one-fifth lower than that in case of no precipitate. The ferrite nucleation potency of VN precipitates is kept high even in higher temperature range above 700degreeC. (author)

  2. Gestion des risques et aide à la décision dans la chaîne logistique hospitalière : cas des blocs opératoires du CHU Sahloul

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Kahla -Touil, Imen

    2011-01-01

    Les systèmes hospitaliers sont des lieux de soins caractérisés par la variété des activités et des situations auxquelles ils sont confrontés. Ceci engendre des interactions induisant des situations imprévues liées à plusieurs risques.La gestion des risques apparaît donc comme une préoccupation importante pour les décideurs. Plus particulièrement, la gestion des risques dans les blocs opératoires est d'une grande importance étant donné que ces derniers présentent des lieux hautement stratégiqu...

  3. Using drama in education to enhance reading motivation and comprehension of junior secondary students = Xi ju jiao xue dui ti sheng chu zhong xue sheng de yue du dong ji ji neng li de yan jiu

    OpenAIRE

    Lam, Wing-ying; 林詠瑩

    2014-01-01

    Using Drama in Education is diversified. Teachers guide student to think, analysis and discuss from different perspective through a variety of activities. Some scholars stated that drama activities have a positive impact on students’ language learning. It can also enhance students’ reading motivation and comprehension. This study is an action research. To investigate whether using Drama in Education can enhance students’ reading motivation and comprehension, researcher integrates “Hot Sea...

  4. On the "Outspoken Spirit" of Chu An-ping and The Observation%试论《观察》周刊和储安平的独立发言精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付祥喜

    2005-01-01

    储安平创办的周刊是在20世纪40年代后期产生过巨大社会影响的刊物.在复杂而动荡的环境中,储安平通过这一个自由主义堡垒,坚持独立发言精神,揭露国民党腐败政治,支持学生运动,批评美国对华政策.储安平的独立发言和周刊是国统区第二条战线中,与学生和工农运动相呼应的一种进步的舆论力量.

  5. Chemické faktory ovlivňující chuť a léčivý účinek vína

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Harmatha, Juraj

    Olomouc: Societas Scientiarum Olomoucensis II, 2010, s. 59-65 ISBN 978-80-904477-4-5. [Víno jako multikulturní fenomén. Olomouc (CZ), 22.04.2010-23.04.2010] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : nature of wine * chemical composition * attributes of the taste character * quality evaluation * wine and health Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry www.upol.cz/fileadmin/user_upload/FF-katedry/kae/Vino_2010.pdf

  6. Caractérisation et évaluation de la formation de biofilm de souches de staphylocoques isolées de sondes urinaires chez des patients hospitalisés au CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    KARA TERKI, Ibtissem

    2014-01-01

    ملخص : العنقوديات يكى طَبيعيه يًكزوفهىرا انجهذوالأغشية المخاطيّة,هيبلأ ىَاع الأكثز شيىعبفيبنخهبببث ان سًبنكبنبىنيت ان زًحبطت ببنقسطزةانبىنيت. قذراحهبعهى الا ضَ بًيإنى سطح ىًاد حيىيت وحشكيم بيىفيهى في وقج لاحق يقبوو نه ضًبداث انحيىيت وانجهبس ان بًُعي هي عىايم انخطزانزئيسيت نهذهبنبكخيزيب . حى عشن بًئخي ىُُع ي اٍلعنقودياتع بُنقسطزة انبىنيتفي يسخشفىجبيعتحه سًب عًَ غهبتأ ىَاعبنبكخيزيب انكزويّت انع قُىديت انجهذيّت Staphylococcus epidermidis .% 82 % حهيهبانبكخيزيب انكزويّت انع قُىديت انذهبي...

  7. A Study on the Chinese writing difficulty of junior secondary students with dyslexia in Hong Kong = Xianggang chu zhong du xie zhang ai xue sheng de Zhong wen xie zuo kun nan yan jiu

    OpenAIRE

    Luk, Pei-yee; 陸姵而

    2015-01-01

    According to the statistics of the Education Bureau, 6248 junior secondary students had been identified with special learning difficulties in 2014. The incidence rate of this group of students suffering from dyslexia is about 80%. This dissertation explores and investigates the Chinese writing difficulties of the junior secondary students with dyslexia encountered from the perspectives of teachers and students. The research consists of two studies. Study1 aims atinvestigating the language...

  8. Předem odsouzeno k neúspěchu: měření šedé ekonomiky tranzitivních zemí pomocí makroekonomických metod

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hanousek, Jan; Palda, F.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 2 (2006), s. 190-203. ISSN 0032-3233 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/04/0166 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : informal economy * underground economy * macro estimates Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 0.363, year: 2006

  9. Ionization current in N2 gas. Part 7. ; Diffusion and reflection of metastable particles. N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 7. ; Jun antei reiki ryushi no kakusan to hansha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H. (Chiba Inst. of Technology, Chiba (Japan)); Ikuta, N. (Tokushima Univ., Tokushima (Japan))

    1993-06-20

    The energy loss process in quenching of excited particles by collision to other ones and solid surfaces was investigated with metastable excited particles formed in weakly ionized gases. The measured lifetime of N2 metastable particles in N2, N2/CO, N2/CH3 gases during Townsent discharge did not agree with the Molnar's theoretical value which was obtained by solving diffusion equations using the boundary condition that assumes the density of excited particles to be zero at electrodes and tube walls. Strange behavior was observed too, that is, coefficients of diffusion and reaction rate determined by the theoretical lifetime change systematically with the distance between electrodes. Then, the novel boundary condition that takes reflection coefficient into account was applied to solve diffusion equations. The results obtained could account for experimental results without any discrepancy. The analysis of results clarified the dependence of various parameters of metastable excited particles on the reflection coefficient. The increase of reflection coefficient decreases the surface quenching of excited particles at electrodes and elongs effectively excited lifetime and increases the number of collisional quenching in gas phases. 16 refs., 8 figs.

  10. Ouyang xiu's Relegation of the Chu Zhou and his Zui Weng Ting Ji%欧阳修的滁州之贬与《醉翁亭记》之抒情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世忠

    2011-01-01

    欧阳修因参与范仲淹"庆历新政"而被指为革新派"朋党"。庆历五年,政敌罗织"盗甥"罪名,将他贬至滁州。贬滁期间的欧阳修心情痛苦、郁闷,此期创作的《醉翁亭记》,一方面透露着他蔑视打击、付毁誉于山林的不屈态度,另方面,也寄托着他遭遇人身污蔑及再次贬谪后,以放情于山林的姿态"娱文章"、遣苦闷、远世患的用意。本文的抒情内涵并非如论者指出的"悠闲自适"或"与民同乐"等那么简单。%Song Qingli five years,because Ou yangxiu took part in the political reform movement initiated by the Fan Zhongyan,he was banished to the Chuzhou,feeling depressed.He had created Zui Weng Ting Ji during his life in Chuzhou.This article contains his attitude of contempting for the political enemies.

  11. QU Yuan's Relegation to the North of the Han River and the Interpretation of Relevant Place Allusions in Chu Ci%屈原贬谪汉北与楚辞相关名物典故的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李炳海

    2014-01-01

    《天问》末章出现两个历史典故,即吴军入郢和子文名彰.屈原从郢都前往贬谪地汉北,所经过的地域有的是当年上楚交战的疆场,或是与当年的战场仅有一水之隔,还有的是令尹子文所属若敖氏家族覆灭的地方,这是把上述两个历史典故写入《天问》的重要原因.《招魂》乱辞与《天问》末章同属纪实型叙事,其中的庐江位于今湖北襄阳、宜城之间,那里确实是楚国朝廷的猎场.《招魂》乱辞中的屈原,扮演的是观猎者的角色,表达的是恋郢情结.《卜居》中的郑詹尹,应是郑国贵族的后裔,是隐于卜筮的贤人.西北楚文化与中土精英阶层巫文化,存在密切的关联.《渔父》和《卜居》都是以屈原贬谪汉北为背景.渔父是在汉北吟唱沧浪之歌.

  12. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04257-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  13. Dicty_cDB: VHF127 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ce. 72 3e-12 2 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower... Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 3e-12 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle

  14. Dicty_cDB: VHA289 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available complete cds. 369 2e-98 1 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle... sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-12 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzl

  15. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U07986-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 4932.b2_H10.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 58 5e-04 1 ( EL474789 ) CHUL2734.b1_K11.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz...le sunflower Hel... 58 5e-04 1 ( EL360649 ) CCEM5342.b1_L16.ab1 CCE(LMS) endive Cic

  16. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U09821-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  17. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15319-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ltivar Ohio43 histone aceytl-transfera... 48 3e-12 5 ( EL478722 ) CHUL7255.b1_N14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflo...wer Hel... 72 3e-12 2 ( EL480423 ) CHUM2410.b1_D03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower

  18. Dicty_cDB: VHB154 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA se...quence. 72 5e-12 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cD

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12055-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 941236 ) CHPX9058.b1_C10.ab1 CHP(XYZ) plains sunflower Hel... 34 9.3 2 ( EL485942 ) CHUM7676.b1_H24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle... sunflower Hel... 34 9.4 2 ( EL481883 ) CHUM3888.b1_O11.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05133-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available scoideum mannosyltransferase gene, ... 44 0.005 2 ( EL483777 ) CHUM5658.b1_C24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower... Hel... 54 0.006 1 ( EL477046 ) CHUL5274.b1_C24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel

  1. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U14161-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available us clone CH230-90F19, *** SEQUENCI... 46 0.001 2 ( EL489562 ) CHUS4712.b2_P01.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower ...Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EL484146 ) CHUM5998.b1_K12.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( AC116979 )

  2. Dicty_cDB: VHE489 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ) Value N EL477374 |EL477374.1 CHUL5577.b1_A04.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxuscDNA clone ...CHUL5577, mRNA sequence. 52 0.015 1 EL474819 |EL474819.1 CHUL2764.b1_G19.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  3. Dicty_cDB: VHD691 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 6245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradox...us cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 74 6e-13 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle su

  4. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04139-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Drosophila melanogaster cDNA clone 15... 30 3.6 3 ( EL513628 ) CHUY396.b1_G03.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower ...Heli... 42 3.7 2 ( EL513966 ) CHUY737.b1_B18.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 3.7 2 ( CZ282611 ) cp2

  5. Dicty_cDB: VHE875 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 16 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL...4181, mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle

  6. Dicty_cDB: VHB564 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 7...2 1e-17 4 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone

  7. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U14068-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available A(XYZ) common wild sunflowe... 52 3e-06 2 ( EL475764 ) CHUL3727.b1_M20.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... ...44 2e-05 3 ( EL484083 ) CHUM594.b1_C06.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Heli... 44 3e-05 3 ( EH295921 ) UAHYP_0...) serpentine sunflower... 44 5e-04 2 ( EL482465 ) CHUM4440.b1_O06.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 44 5e...16607_g1 Cowpea IT97K-461-4 Mixed Tis... 38 5e-04 2 ( EL489951 ) CHUS5070.b1_K19.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle... hirsutum cDNA clon... 34 0.002 3 ( EL480989 ) CHUM2981.b1_J02.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  8. Specific oligopeptides in fermented soybean extract inhibit NF-κB-dependent iNOS and cytokine induction by toll-like receptor ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Woo Hyung; Wu, Hong Min; Lee, Chan Gyu; Sung, Dae Il; Song, Hye Jung; Matsui, Toshiro; Kim, Han Bok; Kim, Sang Geon

    2014-11-01

    The ethanol extract of fermented soybean from Glycine max (chungkookjang, CHU) has been claimed to have chemopreventive and cytoprotective effects. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of CHU on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokine induction by toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands treatment and attempted to identify the responsible active components. Nitric oxide (NO) content and iNOS levels in the media or RAW264.7 cells were measured using the Griess reagent and real-time polymerase chain reaction assays. CHU treatment inhibited NO production and iNOS induction elicited by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, TLR4L) in a concentration-dependent manner. Tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 productions were also diminished. Peptidoglycans (TLR2/6L) and CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (TLR9L) from CHU inhibited iNOS induction, but not poly I:C (TLR3L) or loxoribine (TLF7L). The anti-inflammatory effect resulted from the inhibition of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) through the inhibition of inhibitory-κB degradation. Of the representative components in CHU, specific oligopeptides (AFPG and GVAWWMY) had the ability to inhibit iNOS induction by LPS, whereas others failed to do so. Daidzein, an isoflavone used for comparative purposes, was active at a relatively higher concentration. In an animal model, oral administration of CHU to rats significantly diminished carrageenan-induced paw edema and iNOS induction. Our results demonstrate that CHU has anti-inflammatory effects against TLR ligands by inhibiting NF-κB activation, which may result from specific oligopeptide components in CHU. Since CHU is orally effective, dietary applications of CHU and/or the identified oligopeptides may be of use in the prevention of inflammatory diseases. PMID:25184943

  9. An Outer Membrane Protein Involved in the Uptake of Glucose Is Essential for Cytophaga hutchinsonii Cellulose Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hong; Wang, Xia; Yang, Tengteng; Zhang, Weixin; Chen, Guanjun; Liu, Weifeng

    2016-03-01

    Cytophaga hutchinsonii specializes in cellulose digestion by employing a collection of novel cell-associated proteins. Here, we identified a novel gene locus, CHU_1276, that is essential for C. hutchinsonii cellulose utilization. Disruption of CHU_1276 in C. hutchinsonii resulted in complete deficiency in cellulose degradation, as well as compromised assimilation of cellobiose or glucose at a low concentration. Further analysis showed that CHU_1276 was an outer membrane protein that could be induced by cellulose and low concentrations of glucose. Transcriptional profiling revealed that CHU_1276 exerted a profound effect on the genome-wide response to both glucose and Avicel and that the mutant lacking CHU_1276 displayed expression profiles very different from those of the wild-type strain under different culture conditions. Specifically, comparison of their transcriptional responses to cellulose led to the identification of a gene set potentially regulated by CHU_1276. These results suggest that CHU_1276 plays an essential role in cellulose utilization, probably by coordinating the extracellular hydrolysis of cellulose substrate with the intracellular uptake of the hydrolysis product in C. hutchinsonii. PMID:26773084

  10. Word population analysis and other evidences indicate that Shiji was amended by Liu Xiang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Ting-Ting; Wang, Shih-Chieh; Hu, Chin-Kun

    2015-11-01

    Shiji prepared by Shima Qian in Western Han Dynasty (202 BC-9 AD) was the most famous historical book in historical China. The current version of Shiji contains 130 chapters, including 10 chapters which contains some parts starting with the sentence "Mr. Chu said …"; such parts were considered to be written by Chu Shaosun by Chang Yen in the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280 AD), which was widely accepted. We have analyzed the word population in Shiji and books written by Liu Xiang (77 BC-6 BC) in Western Han Dynasty, who was a member of the royal family. Our results and other evidences indicate that the parts of Shiji starting with the sentence "Mr. Chu said …" were prepared by Liu Xiang. The other evidences include (1) The ending year of the events mentioned in "Mr. Chu said..." was considered to be 47 BC, the second year of Emperor Yuan (as Emperor in 48 BC-32 BC) of Western Han Dynasty, and in the same year Liu Xiang was put into a jail, then left power center for many years. Such coincidence suggests that Liu Xiang wrote the parts "Mr. Chu said …" in Shiji. (2) Liu Xiang's education, interest, and writings are quite consistent with the parts with "Mr. Chu said …" in Shiji. On the other hand, one cannot find such a connection with Chu Shaosun, who did not have any other identified writings for comparison.

  11. A Preliminary Study on Early Chu's Culture%早期楚文化初析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹弘兵

    2011-01-01

    江汉地区的早期楚文化遗存最早出现于夏商时期的盘龙城遗址,以鼎式鬲为代表,主要分布于鄂东地区。晚商至西周早期汉水东北地区出现柱足鬲遗存。西周中晚期时早期楚文化正式形成,出现早期楚式鬲和完整的早期楚文化陶器组合。此时早期楚文化遍及江汉地区,重心则在鄂西地区。夏商时期的早期楚文化与楚国无关,西周时期的楚国也只是早期楚文化中很小的一支。%Panlongcheng, dated to the Xia and Shang period and mainly distributed to eastern Hubei province, is the earliest manifestation of Chu culture in Jianghan area, which is represented by the ding- cauldron style li-tripod. Cultural manifestation with vessels of Column-foot li-tripod appeared in nor- theastern Han River area, dated to late Shang to early Western Zhou period. Chu manifestations during the middle-to-late Western Zhou period is represented by a combination of early Chu style li-tripod and and other early Chu pottery vessels. Meanwhile, sites of early Chu culture are distributed all over the Jianghan area, but the center remained to be located in western Hubei province. Early Chu culture in Xia and Shang period has little to do with cultural manifestation of Chu State, while the Chu State duing the Western Zhou was only a small part of early Chu culture.

  12. Measuring and Valuing Health-Related Quality of Life among Children and Adolescents in Mainland China – A Pilot Study

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Fei; Chen, Gang; Stevens, Katherine; Zhou, HaiRong; Qi, ShengXiang; Wang, Zhiyong; Hong, Xin; Chen, XuPeng; Yang, Huafeng; Wang, Chenchen; Ratcliffe, Julie

    2014-01-01

    Background The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D), a new generic preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument, has been validated for use in young people in both the UK and Australia. The main objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility of using a Chinese version of the CHU9D (CHU9D-CHN) to assess HRQoL and to investigate the association of physical activity, homework hours and sleep duration with HRQoL in children and adolescents in Mainland China. Methods Dat...

  13. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15443-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lic Acid Glyc... 42 7e-04 2 ( EL475659 ) CHUL3619.b1_F17.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunf...Schistosoma japonicum cDNA similar ... 42 0.12 2 ( EL482406 ) CHUM4387.b1_F17.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower ...200.b1_O04.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 42 5e-04 3 ( CD414213 ) Gm_ck46258 Soybean induced by Salicy.... 58 2e-04 2 ( EH303465 ) UAHYP_14C_F_G04 UaHyphae_ARS Uromyces appendicula... 46 3e-04 2 ( EL483290 ) CHUM5

  14. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U03567-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available A... 32 0.001 4 ( EL490927 ) CHUS5969.b1_A06.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EL489897 ) CH...US5018.b1_C07.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EL488260 ) CHUS34...85.b1_I07.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EE654588 ) CHES4477.b1_I16.ab1 CHE(LMS) serpenti

  15. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12691-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available le sunflower Hel... 44 8.5 1 ( EL473924 ) CHUL1852.b1_H08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunfl...ower Hel... 44 8.5 1 ( EL473578 ) CHUL1499.b1_F16.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower H..... 44 8.5 1 ( CG928985 ) MBEKA23TRB mth2 Medicago truncatula genomic clone... 44 8.5 1 ( EL476161 ) CHUL4104.b1_O18.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz

  16. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U16043-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available phase... 70 5e-30 3 ( EL484923 ) CHUM6717.b1_J23.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 74 5e-30 5 ( CN550770 ...ild sunflowe... 66 2e-23 3 ( EL478038 ) CHUL6624.b1_O23.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 66 2e-23 3 ( FG...6.f Dekkera bruxellensis Random Genomic Lib... 105 3e-18 1 ( EL475989 ) CHUL3945.b1_B03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  17. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05265-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 9439 ) Sequence 1140 from Patent WO2006024892. 34 0.61 3 ( EL484723 ) CHUM6535.b1_M01.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle su... CCFS1822.b1_K24.ab1 CCF(STU) sunflower Helianthus... 42 0.71 2 ( EL476128 ) CHUL4073.b1_A12.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle....6 1 ( EL479088 ) CHUL7595.b1_F04.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 44 5.6 1 ( EL149373 ) EB3RODY01A41QO

  18. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04591-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Espina Barnadesia spino... 58 9e-07 2 ( EL484881 ) CHUM6679.b1_N13.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 ... Parent Washington Navel Orange Ca... 38 0.001 4 ( EL480201 ) CHUM2184.b1_O18.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower ...87116 ) CCPW11351.b1_M06.ab1 CCP(UWX) Globe Artichoke Cyn... 38 0.003 3 ( EL489229 ) CHUS4408.b1_P21.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U02803-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available _CH252P014L15Sp6_GL288_006 CHORI-252 Vervet M... 48 0.41 1 ( EL484685 ) CHUM650.b1_C20.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle s...unflower Heli... 48 0.41 1 ( EL482123 ) CHUM4119.b1_M22.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunfl...ower Hel... 48 0.41 1 ( EL479993 ) CHUM1974.b1_K13.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 48 0.41 1 ( EL426569

  20. Radiological evaluation of the fetal face using three-dimensional ultrasound imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Bäumler M; Bigorre M; Faure J-M

    2012-01-01

    Marcel Bäumler,1–3 Michèle Bigorre,1,4 Jean-Michel Faure1,51CHU Montpellier, Centre de Compétence des Fentes Faciales, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 2Clinique du Parc, Imagerie de la Femme, Castelnau-le-Lez, 3Cabinet de Radiologie du Trident, Lunel, 4CHU Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 5CHU Montpellier, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpi...

  1. A review of Cyclidiinae from China (Lepidoptera, Drepanidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Nan; Liu, Shuxian; Xue, Dayong; Han, Hongxiang

    2016-01-01

    The subfamily Cyclidiinae from China is reviewed: two genera and seven species are reported from China. One new subspecies, Cyclidia fractifasciata indistincta subsp. n., is described. Two new synonyms are established: Cyclidia substigmaria (Hübner, 1831) (= Cyclidia substigmaria brunna Chu & Wang, 1987, syn. n. = Cyclidia tetraspota Chu & Wang, 1987, syn. n.). One misidentification in Chu & Wang (1987) is corrected. Identification keys and diagnoses for all discussed Chinese species are provided. External features and genitalia are depicted. In addition, results of DNA barcoding for five taxa of Cyclidia are briefly discussed. PMID:26877675

  2. Barrier effects on vertebrate distribution caused by a motorway crossing through fragmented forest landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tellería, J. L.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We analysed the effects of a 25–year–old motorway on the distribution of five vertebrates inhabiting a fragmented forest landscape and differing in their ability to move across linear infrastructures. We found clear evidence of barrier effects on the distribution of the forest lizard Psammodromus algirus. The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus was also unequally distributed on both sides of the motorway, but this could also be due, at least in part, to fragmentation. The eyed lizard (Timon lepidus, that can move through open fields, showed no evidence of barrier effects. The distribution of two small birds (Erithacus rubecula and Phylloscopus bonelli was unaffected by the motorway. Our results show that a motorway may severely restrict the distribution of species which can withstand high levels of forest fragmentation but show limited dispersal ability, highlighting the role of linear infrastructures in shaping species’ ranges at regional scales.

  3. Optimized high-temperature cathode-heater unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In electrophysical apparatus and accelerators that form electron beams with a high current density, the most stringent requirements are imposed on the operating life, reliability, and thermal efficiency of the high-temperature cathode-heater units (CHU), the replacement of which involves great expenditures of time and prolonged shutdown of the apparatus. The shortcomings of existing CHUs with LaB6 emitters include, among others, the low optical transparency of the graphite heating element and inconstancy of the temperature field of the emitter owing to unavoidable thickening at the locations of the massive leads. All of this reduces the thermal efficiency of the CHU. The authors describe a CHU that is free of the above-mentioned shortcomings. The CHU has a thermal efficiency of > 80% and a temperature inconstancy ΔT 2, at temperature T = 2,050 K is 700 h

  4. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15640-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available serriola Lac... 50 2e-12 3 ( EL478722 ) CHUL7255.b1_N14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 72 4e-12 2 ( E...L480423 ) CHUM2410.b1_D03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 72 5e-12 2 ( EY798275 ) CR05-C3-701-064-H01-C...6L12 mRN... 48 7e-08 4 ( EL491359 ) CHUS6363.b1_E08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 72 8e-08 1 ( EL4773...66 ) CHUL557.b1_J19.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Heli... 72 8e-08 1 ( EE642566 )

  5. 76 FR 70758 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Sematech, Inc. D...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ...; United Microelectronics Corporation, Inc., Hsin Chu City, Taiwan; Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Yongin..., CA; AZ Electronic Materials, Somerville, NJ; Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., LTD, Niigata, Japan; Rohm and... Corporation, Yokohama, Japan; Panasonic Semiconductor Discrete Devices Co., Ltd., Kyoto, Japan;...

  6. Improvement of the South China Sea Prediction System Using NSCAT Winds, A Research Project Outline

    OpenAIRE

    Peter C. Chu

    1999-01-01

    Peter C. Chu, Principal Investigator. Improvement of the South China Sea Prediction System Using NSCAT Winds, NASA/JPL (through California State University, Monterey Bay) NASA/JPL (through California State University

  7. 75 FR 28853 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... CHEN MICHAEL JEN-KWEI CHENG KENNY CHEONG JUNE CHENG CHIN WILLIAM KUO FENG CHOA JAMES MICHAEL CHU-YIP... WALTER CORINE CHRISTINE WANG SHUI MING WATERS MICHAEL WATERS SUSAN WEBB CANDACE CYNTHIA WEBER...

  8. Published papers about Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge used in traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Chu Kedan, Ji Guolu, Shi Hong, Xie Weirong, Zhang Yuqin, Zhang Xiaoqin. Study of the alcohol extraction process of Shenhu granules. Strait Pharmaceutical Journal, 2011, 23(03): 21-24. Email: chukd5917@ 163.com

  9. Rewriting Canonical Love Stories from the Peripheries

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Karen Ya-Chu

    2013-01-01

    In her article "Rewriting Canonical Love Stories from the Peripheries" Karen Ya-Chu Yang compares postcolonial and postmodern intertextuality in Taiwanese and the Caribbean texts. Hsien-Yung Pai's "Wandering in the Garden, Waking from a Dream" (1966) and Tien-Hsin Chu's "Breakfast at Tiffany's" (1997) are two short stories which depict identity crises of first generation and second generation 外省人 (waishen gren, mainland immigrants). In these two texts disillusionment towards the center's roma...

  10. Dicty_cDB: VHC835 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 017.1 D.discoideum elongation factor 2 mRNA, complete cds. 581 e-162 1 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle...ce. 72 5e-14 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA

  11. Dicty_cDB: VHE642 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NA clone GR__Ea43H12 3', mRNA sequence. 58 6e-17 4 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle s...unflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-16 4 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  12. Dicty_cDB: VHC467 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ndii cDNA clone GR__Ea43H12 3', mRNA sequence. 58 3e-17 4 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle...4 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL418

  13. Dicty_cDB: VHB162 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus par...adoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle

  14. Specific Oligopeptides in Fermented Soybean Extract Inhibit NF-κB-Dependent iNOS and Cytokine Induction by Toll-Like Receptor Ligands

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Woo Hyung; Wu, Hong Min; LEE, CHAN GYU; Sung, Dae Il; Song, Hye Jung; Matsui, Toshiro; Kim, Han Bok; Kim, Sang Geon

    2014-01-01

    The ethanol extract of fermented soybean from Glycine max (chungkookjang, CHU) has been claimed to have chemopreventive and cytoprotective effects. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of CHU on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokine induction by toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands treatment and attempted to identify the responsible active components. Nitric oxide (NO) content and iNOS levels in the media or RAW264.7 cells were measured using the Griess reagent an...

  15. Mechanisms of sound seattering by biological targets and their aggregates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Gorska

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Natalia Gorska's thesis is based on a set of 9 papers published in scientific journals (Gorska & Klusek 1998, Gorska 2000, Gorska & Chu 2001a, b, Gorska & Ona 2003a, b and conference proceedings (Gorska & Klusek 1994, Gorska 1999, Gorska & Chu 2000, which broadly summarise her integrated research achievements in underwater acoustics from 1994 to 2003. She is the sole author of two of the articles (Gorska 1999, 2000, and is the first co-author, taking a leading part, in the others (Gorska & Klusek 1994, 1998, Gorska & Chu 2000, Gorska & Chu 200la, b, Gorska & Ona 2003a, b.     Her research objective was to work out the theoretical background to certain problems of sound scattering by biological targets - single individuals and aggregated layers of fish and zooplankton - in relation to environmental conditions in the sea. In the study she focused on acoustical extinction and backscattering, including the phenomenon of echo interference. In conjunction wit h the co-authors of papers Gorska & Ona 2003a, b, Gorska & Chu 2001a, b and Gorska & Chu 2000, she was able to apply and verify her theoretical results empirically.

  16. Evaluation de la résistance des biofiims des souches de Candida spp isolées à partir des dispositifs médicaux implantés chez des patients hospitalisés dans le CHU Sidi Bel Abbés

    OpenAIRE

    BENSEDDIK, Bochra-Wafa

    2015-01-01

    Les levures du genre Candida spp sont, pour la majorité, commensales, vivant de façon silencieuse au sein des muqueuses buccales et digestives, mais tirent profit du déficit immunitaire de l'hôte pour proliférer. Candida albicans est l'espèce la plus fréquemment isolée, elle est naturellement présente dans la flore intestinal humaine, principalement dans les muqueuses digestives et génitales alors que C. glabrata est devenue aujourd'hui, selon plusieurs études, la deuxième ou ...

  17. "Do Nobelovy medaile se vrylo mnoho lidských slabostí". Rozhovor s historikem Robertem Markem Friedmanem o „tanci“ kolem zlaté medaile, domnělé nestrannosti kritérií, prospěchu lidstvu a iluzi nevyhnutelnosti

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Olšáková, Doubravka

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 34, č. 10 (2012), s. 22-25. ISSN 0418-5129 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP410/11/P007 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Nobel prizes * 20th century * history of science Subject RIV: AB - History

  18. 研究/電子資源使用統計標準與規範之探討/陳雪華;許嘉珍;朱雅琦 | Study of the Electronic Resources Usage Statistics Standards and Guidelines/ Hsueh-Hua Chen;Chia-Chen Hsu;Ya-Chi Chu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳雪華、許嘉珍、朱雅琦

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    近年來,由於資訊科技的進步,圖書館中的電子資源數量快速增加,所佔預算金額比例也大幅增長。圖書館希望能夠透過評鑑電子資源的使用,以便能夠在電 子資源館藏發展等方面做出正確的決策。由於體認到電子資源使用統計之重要性,圖書館界與相關組織紛紛發展或修訂圖書館統計標準,增列電子資源使用統計的項 目以充分反映圖書館電子資源使用之狀況。本文主要採用文獻分析法以及內容分析法,收集探討並比較近軍來國內外電子資源使用統計之相關規範及標準,包含 ISO 2789、 ICOLC Guidelines、州ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrlcs、E-Measures Project、以及Project COUNTER等。

    Recently, due to the advances of information technology, electronic resources are gradually replacing print resources as the largest consumer of library acquisition budgets. Logically, libraries want to evaluate the usage of electronic resources and incorporate the results into their decision making regarding electronic resource acquisition. Over these years, there is a general awareness among libraries to develop statistics standards and guidelines for library electronic resources usage. In this paper, literature review and content analysis methods are used to compare several library statistics standards, including: ISO 2789 、ICOLC Guidelines、ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrics、E-Measures Project、and Project COUNTER etc.

    頁次:89-102

  19. Sintering behavior of flying slag particles in entrained-bed coal gasifiers. 3rd Report. Effect of soot on sintering behavior of flying slag particles; Kiryuso sekitan gas ka ro ni okeru hisan slag fun no shoketsu tokusei. 3. Char chu tansobun no slag shoketsu yokusei sayo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueda, A.; Kida, E. [Babcock Hitachi K.K., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-05-25

    The effect of char addition on sintering behavior of flying slag particles in an entrained-bed coal gasifier was examined using four kinds of amorphous water-quenched slag obtained at the pilot plant of HYCOL. This plant was designed to gasify 50 tons of coal per day. The sintering temperatures of the four slags without char were all approximately 800{degree}C. However, Taiheiyo coal slag did not sinter at 900{degree}C when the char added. It was considered that the char collected by the cyclon was a mixture of soot and unburned coal particles and the soot prevented the slag from sintering. Therefore, the effect of soot on sintering behavior was clarified using carbon black as soot. SEM and EDX analyses showed that very small soot particles acted as a dispersant in the slag. 12 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. A study of teaching of KWL chart to enhance the self-reflection ability after reading of junior secondary school in Hong Kong = Zi wo jian ce tu jiao xue dui cu jin chu zhong xue sheng zai yue du hou de zi wo fan si neng li de yan jiu

    OpenAIRE

    Fung, Bao-en; 羅嘉怡; 馮宝恩

    2015-01-01

    自2000年開始,課程發展議會一直將「從閱讀中學習」列為課程改革的四個關鍵項目之一,期望培養學生「樂於學習、善於溝通、勇於承擔、敢於創新。」的目標。不過以中學三年級的學生為對象的「學生基礎素養能力計劃」(PISA)則發現香港的學生雖然在閱讀能力方面較其他國家及地區優勝,但是學生的後設認知策略和學習策略並不與閱讀能力成正比,反而成為東南亞地區當中最差。這表現難以達到學會學習和終身學習的目標。 本論文旨在以行動研究和個案研究方式,探討自我檢測圖對中學一年級學生的自我反思能力和自我反思知覺的影響。在行動研究方面,通過教授自我檢測圖,觀察學生自我反思能力和自我反思知覺的變化。並透過學生課業分析,分析學生在反思次數、範疇和深度的變化。在個案研究方面,通過學生的課業分析和學生訪談,分析不同語文能力學生在學習初期和後期自我反思知覺和自我反思能力。本論文也會透過原任老師訪談和課堂觀察,探討自我檢測圖在日常教學的可行性。 研究發現,自我檢測圖能夠提升學生的自我反思能力和自我反思覺識。在學習初期,自我反思能力和自我反思覺識與學生語文能力成正關係。在學習後期,整體學生的自我反思能力都有所進...

  1. Лабораторные работы / Борис Тух ; иллюстрация: Cheng Chu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    5.-6. okt. 2013 toimus Tallinnas Vene Teatris, Teatris NO99 ja Von Krahli Teatris uue vene dramaturgia laboratoorium ("Лаборатория современной российской драматургии"). Kavas olid järgmised lavastuseskiisid: Ivan Võrõpajevi "Illusioonid" (lav. Pavel Zobnin), Pavel Prjažko "Alukad" (lav. Anton Malikov), Pavel Prjažko "Põld" (lav. Ivar Põllu), Mihhail Durnenkovi "(Kõige) lihtsam meetod suitsetamisest loobumiseks" (lav. Ivan Strelkin). Näidendid ja lavastajad valis Vene Teatri peanäitejuht Marat Katsalov

  2. 專論/以關鍵詞網絡探討動態性知識管理議題/陳良駒;張正宏 | Exploring Dynamic Knowledge Management Research Issues: A Keyword Network Analysis / Liang-Chu Chen; Jeng-Horng Chang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳良駒、張正宏

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    知識管理是企業邁向知識經濟時代的實務顯學,也是學術界近年來持續探討的重要研究議題。然而知識管理的面向是一種多維度的呈現,如何快速而正確的瞭 解知識管理議題的發展,是許多組織知識工作者及學術研究學者努力的目標。許多學者提出知識管理內容的架構及分類,但卻都是屬於一種由上而下的靜態設計。社 會網絡分析是呈現及量測網絡實體成員互動的技術,適合建構關係網絡的動態性。本文嘗試以關鍵詞網絡來分析國內資訊相關系所從事知識管理研究的主題及脈絡, 並透過關鍵詞的連結來建構一套動態性的知識管理研究範疇。研究成果除驗證知識管理學域中的研究重點,更透過網絡關係來連結多樣性的研究構想,進而提供產官 學界更宏觀且動態的知識管理研究建議。

    Knowledge management (KM is an important practice in a corporation and an essential issue that academic scholars intend to explore continuously in the era of knowledge economy. However, KM presents a variety of perspectives that are still undefined for many knowledge workers and academic researchers. Many scholars propose a few categories and frameworks about KM, but a static outcome. Social network analysis (SNA is a method to present and measure the interaction among network entities and it is suitable to construct the dynamic relationship networks. The purpose of this study is to acquire the research issues and contexts of KM within information-related graduate schools based on a keyword network analysis. Moreover, we build a dynamic KM research network through these linkages with keywords. The results of this study confirm the essential research perspectives in a KM domain and suggest a variety of KM research ideas which provide the industries, governments, and academic communities with a macro and dynamic KM research viewpoint.

    頁次:81-94

  3. Genderové aspekty neúspěchu českých návrhů zákonů upravujících náhradní výživné na dítě

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havelková, B.; Cidlinská, Kateřina

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 1 (2010), s. 60-73. ISSN 1213-0028 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OK08007 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : advanced child maintenance * Czech political discourse * law Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography http://www.genderonline.cz

  4. Perkembangan Seni Beladiri Wushu Di Kota Medan Tahun (2001-2013) 印尼棉兰人武术传统的发展研究(Yìnní miánlán rén wǔshù chuántǒng de fāzhǎn yánjiū)

    OpenAIRE

    Purba, Dedi A.

    2015-01-01

    The title of this research is “ Perkembangan Seni Beladiri Wushu di Kota Medan ( 2001 – 2013)”. In this research, the writer is trying to describe the Wushu, especially in the development of wushu martial arts . Due the title, there are some concepts written in chapter two, they are development, martial arts and wushu. The theory used in this research is social theory or culture theory, that is used to analysis the development of wushu martial arts . The methodology used on the research to ...

  5. Ionization current in N2 gas. 11. Three dimensional analysis for loss processes of metastable particles affected by the reflection at the boundary; N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 11. Kyokai deno hansha wo koryoshita jun`antei reiki ryushi sonshitsu katei no sanjigen kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H.; Ikuta, N. [Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba (Japan)

    1998-10-01

    Loss processes of the nitrogen metastable molecule N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) in plane parallel electrodes have been investigated by us previously by solving the diffusion equation. Our procedure is based on an analysis using the third kind of boundary condition which can take account of finite values for the density of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) at the electrode surfaces. The values of the effective lifetime of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) calculated from this analysis were reasonably consistent with our experiments. This paper describes the behavior of the effective lifetimes of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) in a cylindrical cavity. The analytical treatment of the diffusion equation for N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) proposed by us is extended to the three dimensional space. We report the nature of the effective lifetimes of metastable molecule in the cylindrical cavity systematically. 16 refs., 9 figs.

  6. 云南高原楚雄市城市发展规模与城市热岛效应关系分析%Relationship between Urban Development Scale and Heart Island Effect in Yunnan Plateau ChuXiong City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何萍; 李宏波; 张琴

    2012-01-01

    The paper selecting the size of the elements of urban development indicators, using of correlation analysis, systematically analyses the development of its urban heat island intensity of relations in Chuxiong of Yunnan during the period 1990-2009 and finds that built-up area, non-agricultural population and the urban heat island are close. Then the paper using the weighted evaluation index scale of urban development, establishes the scale of urban development of urban heat island intensity and changes in trends in Chuxiong City, and finds that in recent years with the Chuxiong urban heat island intensity on the scale of the development year by year, then proposes new city by establishing concept of development, and improving urban ecological planning, and several other areas to further mend the negative impact of the Chuxiong urban heat island effect.%选取城市发展规模要素的指标,运用相关分析法,系统分析楚雄市1990~2009年期间城市规模的发展对其城市热岛强度的影响关系,发现建成区面积、非农业人口与城市热岛效应关系密切.再采用加权综合评价法计算城市发展规模综合指数,建立楚雄市城市发展规模与城市热岛强度的变化趋势图,发现近年来楚雄年热岛强度随着城市规模的发展逐年上升,建议通过树立新的城市发展观、搞好城市生态规划等几个方面来进一步改善楚雄“城市热岛效应”的负面影响.

  7. Skills Gained from University Library Instruction Sessions Are Perceived as Useful Four to Eight Weeks Later. A review of: Wong, Gabrielle, Diana Chan, and Sam Chu. “Assessing the Enduring Impact of Library Instruction Programs.” Journal of Academic Librarianship 32.4 (July 2006: 384‐95.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorie A. Kloda

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To assess the impact of a university library instruction program.Design – Survey questionnaire administered post‐intervention.Setting – A mid‐size science and technology university in Hong Kong.Subjects – Student and staff participants in either course specific or open (elective library instruction workshops.Methods – Surveys were conducted to measure the perceived effectiveness of the library instruction program, including various types of course specific (CS and open workshops (OW. Librarians responsible for teaching nominated the sample of workshops for evaluation. Students in all but one CS workshop wereprovided with a 14‐question paper questionnaire in class by their course instructor, while participants in all of the open workshops and one CS workshop received the same questionnaire via e‐mail. The questionnaires were distributed between four to eight weeks following the workshops in order to gauge the “enduring” impact of the instruction. Most questions were closed, forcing participants to choose an answer from a list or select from a 4‐ or 7‐point Likert scale. Comments were also solicited. Results were summarised andanalysed using SPSS software. The CS and OW questionnaires were studied separately to allow for comparisons between groups. Main results – Out of 133 workshops taught in the fall of 2004, 25 were included in the sample: 15 CS and 10 OW. The overallresponse rate was 68%, with 466 participants completing questionnaires. Most participants indicated that the workshops were useful for learning about sources and search methods for finding information quickly. The majority (72.2% responded that they felt an increase in confidence when conducting library research and slightly more than half (57.9% agreed the workshops led to an increased interest in using the library. The responses differedsignificantly for the CS and OW groups: OW participants consistently rated the usefulness of the workshops higher than CS participants. In regards to retention of skills, 68.5% of participants responded in the affirmative when asked of they had continued using the skills taught, with rates ranging from 56 to 83% depending on theworkshop. There was little difference in perceived retention between the CS and OW groups. The skills most frequently identified as having been learned included the abilities to “form better search strategies” and “find better Internet resources.” Written feedback included remarks on reducing class size and length, and increasing practice time and the number of handouts. Conclusion – A “delayed perception survey” revealed positive feedback from library workshop participants on questions about confidence, usefulness, and retention of skills learned. There was a significant difference in confidence levels reported between CS and OW groups, with OW participants reporting higher levels of confidence. The researchers surmise this might be a result of self‐selection, as OW participants volunteered both to attend thelibrary instruction workshops and to respond to the survey questionnaire. The short questionnaire is an efficient tool forassessing the perceived usefulness of library workshops for both course‐integrated sessions and elective workshops.

  8. 发愤抒情,以情译诗--杨宪益、戴乃迭《楚辞选》英译析评%Expressing Emotions and Translating Poems with Affections---Comments on English Versions of Selected Elegies of the State of Chu by YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2015-01-01

    “发愤抒情”是屈原表达其创作旨趣时提出的诗学观念。杨宪益、戴乃迭以情译诗,努力传达《楚辞》的情感力量、道德境界、文化意蕴,体现屈原的“哀与悲”“恐与惜”“思与怀”之情感。他们以传播中国文化的价值与灵魂为翻译目的,以源语为中心力求保存原作的要义,同时也考虑到目的语读者的期待视野和接受能力,采用直译、意译、释译相结合的方法,尽量使译文产生与原文相似的美学效果。%“Expressing one’ s emotions” is a poetic concept of writing put forward by QU Yuan. YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang translate poems with affections in order to convey the emotional power, moral state and cultural implication. They also try to reflect QU Yuan’ s feelings such as “grief and sorrow”,“fear and pity” and “yearning for hometown and monarch”. Taking spreading Chinese culture’ s values and soul as the translation purpose, they try to keep the spirit of the source text by focusing on Chinese culture. Meanwhile, they also take into consideration of target readers’ acceptance and expectations. Lit-eral translation, free translation and interpretation are used to make similar aesthetic effect of the original text.

  9. A study of the Chinese organic–inorganic hybrid sealing material used in “Huaguang No.1” ancient wooden ship

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The composition of ancient sealing material was analyzed. ► The excellent performance of this sealing material comes from the compact structure. ► This structure is established through coordination and oxidative polymerization. ► Conservation of ancient relies to a knowledge on their materials and crafts. - Abstracts: Chu-nam putty is a special organic–inorganic hybrid material invented by ancient Chinese people. It was prepared by mixing tung-oil, lime and oakum (plant fibers like jute, ramie and so on) with excellent sealing performance. The invention and application of Chu-nam putty in wooden ship lead to improvement in sailing technology and ship safety issue. In this paper, the analytical results of a piece of chu-nam putty which was discovered in “Huaguang No.1” ancient ship are presented. The results show that the components of chu-nam putty are calcite, carboxylate and unsaturated esters by means of FT-IR, XRD and TGA/DSC. And the FT-IR and cross-section microscopic analysis confirm that the oakum was from jute. Comparing with the modeling putty samples it is found that the outstanding sealing performance of chu-nam putty comes from the coordination reaction of Ca2+ from the Ca(OH)2 and the oxidation aggregation reaction of C=C double bonds in unsaturated fatty acid.

  10. 朱子《中庸章句》“慎独”解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴骞

    2011-01-01

    Chung-yung Text is an important article of Chu Hsi. In this article, Chu Hsi expressed his philosophy structure in brief. What he said about the concept of Shendu has aroused great discussion for centuries. It is pointed out that Chu Hsi uses "Shendu" to express what we should do after the feelings of pleasure, anger, sorrow, and joy are aroused, and, this concept is a part of Chu Hsirs philosophy. If we want to understand the meaning of the word, we should research it in Chu Hsi's whole philosophy structure.%朱子在《中庸章句》中对慎独的解释很简略,这和慎独的深层次含义似乎不符。现代学者对慎独有较多的讨论。那么朱子本人是否看重慎独工夫呢?根据文本,朱子本人极重视慎独工夫。慎独应在其对中和问题的讨论框架下来理解。慎独是心已发时的工夫。未发时涵养,已发时慎独。慎独作为内外工夫的转换点,在朱子哲学中占有重要地位。

  11. 江汉地区的鬲与楚式鬲

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨权喜

    2001-01-01

    On the phylogeny of Chinese pottery containers, Ding tripod appeared earlier than li. Pottery Ding tripod was a kind of traditional cooker in Jianghan area, and Li first emerged and then became prevalent in the Yellow River valley. During Shang and Zhou Dynasty, Li was dispersed to Jianghan area where its variations appeared, and many styles of Li with different shapes, characters and uses came forth. Only one kind of daily cooker among them can be called “Chu-styled li”. The anthor believes that Chu-styled li is the compound of li from the Central Plains and Ding tripod of Jianghan area. It was in vogue in the Eastzhou Dynasty when li had already vanished in the Central Plains. Three basic forms of Chu-styled li are relative to their uses and cultural origins.

  12. Famílias palestinas no extremo sul do Brasil e na diáspora: experiências identitárias e aduaneiras Palestinian families in the extreme south of Brazil and in the diaspora: experiences of border-crossing and identity

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Fagundes Jardim

    2007-01-01

    Nos parágrafos a seguir, para refletir sobre temas como a "identidade palestina" ou "a família árabe", tentarei demonstrar, a partir do estudo etnográfico de famílias morando em Chuí, o quanto a identidade territorial tem a ver com aspectos da vida familiar. Entre viagens de retorno (que introduzem jovens "brasileiros" no convívio com primos, tios e tias na Palestina), relações familiares (na diáspora, vínculos travados na cidade de Chuí e outras localidades no Brasil e no exterior), e aconte...

  13. Dicty_cDB: VHC679 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRN...aris cDNA clone CHPX9185, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz...le sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL

  14. Dicty_cDB: VHB553 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus pa...65.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 D...radoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX4

  15. Is it possible to use highly realistic virtual reality in the elderly? A feasibility study with image-based rendering

    OpenAIRE

    Benoit M; Guerchouche R.; Petit PD; Chapoulie E; Manera V; Chaurasia G; Drettakis G; Robert P.

    2015-01-01

    Michel Benoit,1,2 Rachid Guerchouche,3 Pierre-David Petit,1 Emmanuelle Chapoulie,3 Valeria Manera,1 Gaurav Chaurasia,3 George Drettakis,3 Philippe Robert1,4 1EA CoBTeK/IA, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2Clinique de Psychiatrie, Pole des Neurosciences Cliniques, CHU de Nice, 3Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique, Sophia-Antipolis, 4Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CHU de Nice, Nice, France Background: Virtual reality (VR) opens up a ...

  16. Real-world evaluation of compliance and preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment: an observational study in Taiwan 

    OpenAIRE

    Lai TH; Wang WF; Yip BS; Yang YW; Peng GS; Tsai SJ; Liao YC; Pai MC

    2016-01-01

    Tzu-Hsien Lai,1,2,* Wen-Fu Wang,3,* Bak-Sau Yip,4 Yu-Wan Yang,5 Giia-Sheun Peng,6 Shih-Jei Tsai,7,8 Yi-Chu Liao,9 Ming-Chyi Pai10,111Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei, 2Department of Neurology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, 3Department of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, 4Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, 5Department of Neurology, Chi...

  17. Real-world evaluation of compliance and preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment: an observational study in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Pai, Ming-Chyi

    2016-01-01

    Tzu-Hsien Lai,1,2,* Wen-Fu Wang,3,* Bak-Sau Yip,4 Yu-Wan Yang,5 Giia-Sheun Peng,6 Shih-Jei Tsai,7,8 Yi-Chu Liao,9 Ming-Chyi Pai10,111Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei, 2Department of Neurology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, 3Department of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, 4Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, 5Department of Neurology, Chi...

  18. O PAPEL DA CONFIABILIDADE NA REDUÇÃO DOS CUSTOS DE TRANSAÇÃO: REFLEXÕES ENTRE BRASIL, ESTADOS UNIDOS, JAPÃO E CORÉIA DO SUL [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20040302011

    OpenAIRE

    Elio Ferrato; Eduardo Eugênio Spers; Antonio Carlos Giuliani

    2004-01-01

    RESUMO Dyer e Chu (2003) desenvolveram um estudo empírico a respeito da relação confiabilidade entre montadoras e fornecedores automobilísticos nos Estados Unidos, Japão e Coréia do Sul nos anos de 1993 e 1994.  Baseado nos parâmetros apontados por Dyer e Chu este estudo tem o propósito de analisar a confiabilidade na relação fornecedor-comprador na indústria automobilística brasileira no ano de 2004, ...

  19. Complex root networks of Chinese characters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Po-Han; Chen, Jia-Ling; Wang, Po-Cheng; Chi, Ting-Ting; Xiao, Zhi-Ren; Jhang, Zih-Jian; Yeh, Yeong-Nan; Chen, Yih-Yuh; Hu, Chin-Kun

    There are several sets of Chinese characters still available today, including Oracle Bone Inscriptions (OBI) in Shang Dynasty, Chu characters (CC) used in Chu of Warring State Period, Small Seal Script in dictionary Shuowen Jiezi (SJ) in Eastern Han Dynasty, and Kangxi Dictionary (KD) in Qing Dynasty. Such as Chinese characters were all constructed via combinations of meaningful patterns, called roots. Our studies for the complex networks of all roots indicate that the roots of the characters in OBI, CC, SJ and KD have characteristics of small world networks and scale-free networks.

  20. The interface of gravity and quantum mechanics illuminated by Wigner phase space

    CERN Document Server

    Giese, Enno; Kleinert, Stephan; Meister, Matthias; Tamma, Vincenzo; Roura, Albert; Schleich, Wolfgang P

    2014-01-01

    We provide an introduction into the formulation of non-relativistic quantum mechanics using the Wigner phase-space distribution function and apply this concept to two physical situations at the interface of quantum theory and general relativity: (i) the motion of an ensemble of cold atoms relevant to tests of the weak equivalence principle, and (ii) the Kasevich-Chu interferometer. In order to lay the foundations for this analysis we first present a representation-free description of the Kasevich-Chu interferometer based on unitary operators.

  1. Real-world evaluation of compliance and preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment: an observational study in Taiwan 

    OpenAIRE

    Pai, Ming-Chyi

    2016-01-01

    Tzu-Hsien Lai,1,2,* Wen-Fu Wang,3,* Bak-Sau Yip,4 Yu-Wan Yang,5 Giia-Sheun Peng,6 Shih-Jei Tsai,7,8 Yi-Chu Liao,9 Ming-Chyi Pai10,111Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei, 2Department of Neurology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, 3Department of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, 4Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, 5Department of Neurology, Chi...

  2. Laser physicist looks to the Sun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Steven

    2008-04-01

    By the standards of most of his close family members, Steven Chu was a pretty mediocre student. The son of two Chinese immigrants who went to graduate school at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, he had an elder brother who set a record grade at high school and went on to study at Princeton, while two of his cousins attended Harvard. Chu's good but not earth-shattering school results were not enough for the Ivy League universities and he instead went to the University of Rochester in New York State.

  3. Decreasing the radiation quality factor of magnetic dipole antennas by a magnetic-coated metal core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2010-01-01

    To achieve the Chu lower bound for the radiation Q, an electrically small magnetic dipole antenna should not store any magnetic energy internally to the minimum sphere enclosing the antenna. As shown in our previous works, the internal stored magnetic energy can be reduced, although not entirely...... eliminated, by introducing a solid magnetic core inside the antenna. In this paper, using analytical results obtained though the vector spherical wave theory, we show that the internal stored magnetic energy can be further reduced, and the Chu lower bound reached, for a spherical magnetic dipole antenna with...... a magnetic-coated PEC core....

  4. A Tentative Interpretation ofJun Zi Wei Li and Di Zi Wen on Chu Bamboo Slips Volume V Collected by Shanghai Museum%上博藏简(五)《君子为礼》与《弟子问》试释——兼论本篇篇名为《论语弟子问》与《论语》之形成和主要编辑时间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄人二

    2011-01-01

    The two texts Jun Zi Wei Li (君子为礼) and Di Zi Wen (弟子问) written on bamboo slips share many features in terms of the shape of the slips and the script style. Both texts present questions and answers between Confucius and his disciples, among the disciples,%《君子为礼》及《弟子问》两篇在竹简形制、字体方面均相当接近,内容则同为孔子与门弟子,弟子之间,弟子与时人之答问。有一大段文字(《君子为札》简一、简二、简三、简九)与今本《论语·颜渊》中“颜渊问仁”一节所言大义相似,据此可以对《论语》如何成书做一探讨。本篇篇名可定为《论语弟子问》或《论言弟子籍》,编辑时间在鲁哀公元年至鲁哀公三年(公元前494至前492年)亦可确定。

  5. Effects of atomic ordering on the elastic properties of TiN- and VN-based ternary alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Improved toughness is one of the central goals in the development of wear-resistant coatings. Previous studies of toughness in transition metal nitride alloys have addressed the effects of chemical composition in these compounds. Herein, we use density functional theory to study the effects of various metal sublattice configurations, ranging from fully ordered to fully disordered, on the mechanical properties of VM2N and TiM2N (M2 = W, Mo) ternary alloys. Results show that all alloys display high incompressibility, indicating strong Me–N bonds. Disordered atomic arrangements yield lower values of bulk moduli and C11 elastic constants, as well as higher values of C44 elastic constants, compared to ordered structures. We attribute the low C44 values of ordered structures to the formation of fully-bonding states perpendicular to the applied stress. We find that the ductility of these compounds is primarily an effect of the increased valence electron concentration induced upon alloying. - Highlights: • Density functional theory is used to probe the effects of order on toughness. • Systems studied: TiMoN, TiWN, VMoN and VWN. • The degree of order induces substantial variations in elastic properties. • Ductility is primarily determined by the valence electron concentration

  6. Events at the Globe

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN is organising a series of lectures based on the exhibition 'A des années-lumière' Thursday 12 October, 8.00 p.m. (in French) From physics to medical imaging Paul Lecoq, a CERN physicist, and Professor Olivier Mundler from the Timone Hospital (Marseille) The technologies developed at CERN are widely used in fields other than particle physics. Medicine, and medical imaging in particular, has directly benefited from the work done on particle detectors. Come and meet a doctor and a physicist and learn about one of the practical applications of fundamental research. This lecture is part of the 'Fête de la Science' programme. Lectures for the general public. By reservation only: +41 (0)22 767 76 76 Information on future meetings: Thursday 2 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French): Does time exist? Etienne Klein, Director of the CEA's Materials Science Research Laboratory Thursday 16 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French): Antimatter in the Milky Way Jacques Paul, scientific advisor to the European Spac...

  7. Events at the Globe of Science and Innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN is organising a series of lectures based on the exhibition 'A des années-lumière' Thursday 12 October, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - From physics to medical imaging Paul Lecoq, a CERN physicist, and Professor Olivier Mundler from the Timone Hospital (Marseille) The technologies developed at CERN are widely used in fields other than particle physics. Medicine, and medical imaging in particular, has directly benefited from the work done on particle detectors. Come and meet a doctor and a physicist and learn about one of the practical applications of fundamental research. This lecture is part of the 'Fête de la Science' programme Lectures for the general public By reservation only: +41 (0)22 767 76 76 Information on future meetings : Thursday 2 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - Does time exist? Etienne Klein, Director of the CEA's materials science research laboratory Thursday 16 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - Antimatter in the Milky Way Jacques Paul, scientific advisor to the European Space...

  8. Surto de salmonelose pelo sorovar Dublin em bezerros no Maranhão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana L.A. Marques

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Um surto de salmonelose em bezerros causado pela Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica sorovar Dublin é relatado em uma fazenda no município de Timon, Maranhão. De um total de 62 bezerros, 22 (35,5% adoeceram e destes nove (40,9% morreram. Os sinais clínicos incluíram febre, depressão, anorexia e, em alguns casos, sinais respiratórios, neurológicos, entéricos ou artrites, com curso clínico hiperagudo ou subagudo. As principais lesões macroscópicas foram hepatomegalia com áreas pálidas multifocais a coalescentes, esplenomegalia e líquido nas cavidades torácica e abdominal. Histologicamente foram observados granulomas paratifoides no fígado, rim e baço, além de trombos e agregados bacterianos em vasos sanguíneos de diversos órgãos. O surto foi controlado com a adoção de antibioticoterapia adequada aliada a correção de algumas medidas sanitárias na propriedade.

  9. Whole genome sequencing for deciphering the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes, an emerging multidrug-resistant bacterium isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient in Marseille, France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Cimmino

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We decipher the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes MARS15, an emerging multidrug-resistant clinical strain, using the whole genome sequencing strategy. The bacterium was isolated from the sputum of a hospitalized patient with cystic fibrosis in the Timone Hospital in Marseille, France. Genome sequencing was done with Illumina MiSeq using a paired-end strategy. The in silico analysis was done by RAST, the resistome by the ARG-ANNOT database and detection of polyketide synthase (PKS by ANTISMAH. The genome size of C. indologenes MARS15 is 4 972 580 bp with 36.4% GC content. This multidrug-resistant bacterium was resistant to all β-lactams, including imipenem, and also to colistin. The resistome of C. indologenes MARS15 includes Ambler class A and B β-lactams encoding blaCIA and blaIND-2 genes and MBL (metallo-β-lactamase genes, the CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene and the multidrug efflux pump AcrB. Specific features include the presence of an urease operon, an intact prophage and a carotenoid biosynthesis pathway. Interestingly, we report for the first time in C. indologenes a PKS cluster that might be responsible for secondary metabolite biosynthesis, similar to erythromycin. The whole genome sequence analysis provides insight into the resistome and the discovery of new details, such as the PKS cluster.

  10. Whole genome sequencing for deciphering the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes, an emerging multidrug-resistant bacterium isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient in Marseille, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimmino, T; Rolain, J-M

    2016-07-01

    We decipher the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes MARS15, an emerging multidrug-resistant clinical strain, using the whole genome sequencing strategy. The bacterium was isolated from the sputum of a hospitalized patient with cystic fibrosis in the Timone Hospital in Marseille, France. Genome sequencing was done with Illumina MiSeq using a paired-end strategy. The in silico analysis was done by RAST, the resistome by the ARG-ANNOT database and detection of polyketide synthase (PKS) by ANTISMAH. The genome size of C. indologenes MARS15 is 4 972 580 bp with 36.4% GC content. This multidrug-resistant bacterium was resistant to all β-lactams, including imipenem, and also to colistin. The resistome of C. indologenes MARS15 includes Ambler class A and B β-lactams encoding bla CIA and bla IND-2 genes and MBL (metallo-β-lactamase) genes, the CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) gene and the multidrug efflux pump AcrB. Specific features include the presence of an urease operon, an intact prophage and a carotenoid biosynthesis pathway. Interestingly, we report for the first time in C. indologenes a PKS cluster that might be responsible for secondary metabolite biosynthesis, similar to erythromycin. The whole genome sequence analysis provides insight into the resistome and the discovery of new details, such as the PKS cluster. PMID:27222716

  11. Effects of atomic ordering on the elastic properties of TiN- and VN-based ternary alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edström, D., E-mail: daned@ifm.liu.se; Sangiovanni, D.G.; Hultman, L.; Chirita, V.

    2014-11-28

    Improved toughness is one of the central goals in the development of wear-resistant coatings. Previous studies of toughness in transition metal nitride alloys have addressed the effects of chemical composition in these compounds. Herein, we use density functional theory to study the effects of various metal sublattice configurations, ranging from fully ordered to fully disordered, on the mechanical properties of VM2N and TiM2N (M2 = W, Mo) ternary alloys. Results show that all alloys display high incompressibility, indicating strong Me–N bonds. Disordered atomic arrangements yield lower values of bulk moduli and C{sub 11} elastic constants, as well as higher values of C{sub 44} elastic constants, compared to ordered structures. We attribute the low C{sub 44} values of ordered structures to the formation of fully-bonding states perpendicular to the applied stress. We find that the ductility of these compounds is primarily an effect of the increased valence electron concentration induced upon alloying. - Highlights: • Density functional theory is used to probe the effects of order on toughness. • Systems studied: TiMoN, TiWN, VMoN and VWN. • The degree of order induces substantial variations in elastic properties. • Ductility is primarily determined by the valence electron concentration.

  12. 76 FR 38651 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    .... AV Logistics, L.L.C. (NVO & OFF), 350 Corporate Way, 250, Orange Park, FL 32073. Officers: Michael Bifulco, Vice President Operations, (Qualifying Individual), Michael Burton, President/Manager...), 167-21 Porter Road, Suite 202, Jamaica, NJ 11434. Officer: Chang, Yu Chu,...

  13. OOPS! A Miracle Created by Confucius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Agnes; Chu, Lucifer

    2007-01-01

    The story is told of the conception and creation of OOPS (Opensource Opencourseware Prototype System), which is a massive, worldwide volunteer project that translates OER into Mandarin. The founder and leader, Lucifer Chu, describes how the project grew from his own solo translation work to over 2,400 volunteers in 22 countries. In 2005 and 2006…

  14. Learning across Borders--Chinese Migrant Literature and Intercultural Chinese Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongyang

    2014-01-01

    Chinese migrants have been a rich source of influential international literature, represented by key works such as "Eat a Bowl of Tea" by Louis Chu in 1961 and "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan in 1989. Cultural differences and conflicts, stereotypes and other complex issues regarding the diasporic lives of the Chinese sojourners…

  15. Number of Physics Faculty in Two-Year Colleges: Results from the 2012 Survey of Physics in Two-Year Colleges. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan; Chu, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    In an earlier report, ("Physics Enrollments in Two-Year Colleges," ED547610), Susan White and Raymond Chu examined physics enrollments--both the number of students and the types of classes taught--at the 1,063 two-year college campuses in the US where they believe physics is offered. This "Focus On" considers the faculty…

  16. [Histological orchiepididymitis discovery in a patient with AIDS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaud, P; Demey, A; Vandenbos, F; Colomb, F; Michiels, J-F; Amiel, J

    2009-06-01

    Incidences of opportunistic infections of the epididymus and the testicule have already been reported in patients suffering from AIDS for over 10 years. Here we have reported the first description of microsporadic orchiepididymitis diagnosed at the university hospital (CHU) of Nice in 2005. We look at the epidemiology, the physiology and the treatment of this extremely rare infection. PMID:19467466

  17. A PrfA-regulated bile exclusion system (BilE) is a novel virulence factor in Listeria monocytogenes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sleator, R.D.; Wemekamp-Kamphuis, H.H.; Gahan, C.G.M.; Abee, T.; Hill, C.

    2005-01-01

    The ability to colonize the gall bladder has recently been shown to be an important feature of virulent Listeria monocytogenes (J. Hardy, K. P. Francis, M. DeBoer, P. Chu, K. Gibbs, C. H. Contag. Science 303: 851853, 2004). We suggest that the cytotoxic effects of bile may be increased upon release

  18. Cardiovascular System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008515 Clinical effect of coronary artery stenting on 12 patients with coronary artery stenosis and spasm.CHU Guang(储光),et al.Dept Cardiol,Shanghai Jiaotong Univ,1st People’s,Shanghai 20008. Chin Cir J 2008;23(5):347-349. Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of stenting on drug refractory variant angina

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U10212-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 60_0809_2059 Arabidopsis ovule high throughpu... 40 2e-05 3 ( EL478170 ) CHUL6745.b1_A08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz...le sunflower Hel... 46 2e-05 3 ( DY912261 ) CHAX7554.b1_C18.ab1 CHA(XYZ) common wil

  20. Dicty_cDB: VHB386 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 10.b1_C08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL5210,... (bits) Value N X98286 |X98286.1 D.discoideum mRNA for P-type ATPase. 1285 0.0 1 EL476977 |EL476977.1 CHUL52

  1. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U11964-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .. 42 0.87 4 ( EK022497 ) 1092955341513 Global-Ocean-Sampling_GS-31-01-01-1... 48 1.1 1 ( EL474594 ) CHUL2538.b1_C12.ab1 CHU(LMS) puz...zle sunflower Hel... 48 1.1 1 ( BJ370153 ) Dictyostelium

  2. Drug interactions between inhaled corticosteroids and enzymatic inhibitors

    OpenAIRE

    Daveluy, Amélie; Raignoux, Cécile; Miremont-Salamé, Ghada; Girodet, Pierre-Olivier; Moore, Nicholas; Haramburu, Françoise; Molimard, Mathieu

    2009-01-01

    Drug interactions between inhaled corticosteroids and enzymatic inhibitors phone: +33-557-571561 (Daveluy, Amelie) (Daveluy, Amelie) Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Pellegrin - 33076 - Bordeaux Cedex - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Unite 657, INSERM - Bordeaux - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Departement de Pharmacologie, CHU de Bordeaux - Bordeaux - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Pellegrin - 33076...

  3. Derivative operator and harmonic number identities

    CERN Document Server

    Wei, Chuanan

    2011-01-01

    By applying the derivative operator to the hypergeometric transformation from Whipple's transformation and the limiting form of Bailey's lemma, we establish a general harmonic number identity. As the special cases of it, several interesting Chu-Donno type identities and Paule-Schneider type identities are displayed.

  4. The AscSimulationMode command

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, John Leif

    1998-01-01

    Complex instruments like the ASC may be quite difficult to test in closed loops. This problem is augmented by the fact, that no direct stimulation of the CHU is possible that will render the full performance, noise-spectrum and real-timeliness with high fidelity. In order to circumvent this impasse...

  5. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  6. Derivative operator and harmonic number identities

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, Chuanan; Gong, Dianxuan

    2011-01-01

    By applying the derivative operator to the corresponding hypergeometric form of a $q$-series transformation due to Andrews [1,Theorem 4], we establish a general harmonic number identity. As the special cases of it, several interesting Chu-Donno type identities and Paule-Schneider type identities are displayed.

  7. Green Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    With the deterioration of global warming and the greenhouse effect, clean energy is the priority on the agenda of countries all over the world. This was highlighted when U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke and Energy Secretary Steven Chu visited their Chinese counterparts on July 14-17.

  8. Learn Unity 4 for iOS game development

    CERN Document Server

    Chu, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The only book on Unity 4 game development The only up-to-date book on Unity for iOS Philip Chu is the author of a very popular online Unity tutorial, frequently recommended on sites like StackOverflow

  9. Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Wuhan is said to be a city with 100 lakes; in addition, the Yangtze and Han rivers meet in the city. Dong Lake, the largest lake in a city in China, is located in Wuhan, and the Chu River connects Dong and Sha lakes.

  10. Collecting Water From the Yellow River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tshe rang mtsho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Collecting water from the Rma chu (Yellow River near oM skor Village, Mang ra (Guìnán 贵南 County, Mtsho lho (Hǎinán 海南 Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Mtsho sgnon (Qīnghǎi 青海 Province is shown in eleven photographs.

  11. Hypoxia in the East China Sea: one of the largest coastal low-oxygen areas in the world

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Chung-Chi; Gong, Gwo-Ching; Shiah, Fuh-Kwo

    2007-01-01

    Hypoxia in the East China Sea: one of the largest coastal low-oxygen areas in the world correspondence: Corresponding author. Tel.: +886 2 2930 2275; fax: +886 2 2931 2904. (Chen, Chung-Chi) (Chen, Chung-Chi) Deparment of Life Science--> , National Taiwan Normal University--> , 88--> , Sec. 4--> , Ting-Chou Road--> , Taipei 11677--> - TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA (Chen, Chu...

  12. Close encounters of the lysosome/peroxisome kind

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, Yui; Strunk, Bethany S.; Weisman, Lois S.

    2015-01-01

    Lysosomes provide a major source for cellular cholesterol; however, most of this cholesterol is trafficked to the plasma membrane via unknown mechanisms. In this issue of Cell, Chu et al. identify an unexpected role for peroxisomes in the transport of cholesterol from the lysosome to the plasma membrane via a lysosome-peroxisome membrane contact site.

  13. Disease: H00533 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00533 Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia...D:20870325 (gene) Shovlin CL Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia: pathophysiol...chu H Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: from molecular biology to patient care. J Thromb Haemost 8:1447-56 (2010) ...

  14. Six proofs for an identity of the Lah numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Bai-Ni; Qi, Feng

    2014-01-01

    In the paper, utilizing respectively the induction, a generating function of the Lah numbers, the Chu-Vandermonde summation formula, an inversion formula, the Gauss hypergeometric series, and two generating functions of the Stirling numbers of the first kind, the authors collect and provide six proofs for an identity of the Lah numbers.

  15. About Animal Husbandry and Feed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Animal Husbandry and Feed Science is published to introduce the research achievements of animal husbandry and veterinary workers to the world,enhance their chances to participate in international academic exchange,and promote development of animal husbandry and veterinary.In 2009,Wu Chu(USA-China)Science&Culture Media Co.

  16. Hospital-acquired phaeohyphomycosis due to Exserohilum rostratum in a child with leukemia

    OpenAIRE

    Maude Saint-Jean; Guy St-Germain; Céline Laferrière; Bruce Tapiero

    2007-01-01

    The present study describes a case of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exserohilum rostratum in a child undergoing treatment for leukemia. The infection was possibly due to contaminated intravenous dressings and was successfully treated with surgical excision combined with liposomal amphotericin B. Consequently, new infection control policies have been implemented at CHU Sainte-Justine (Montreal, Quebec).

  17. Growth and biochemical composition of Chlorella vulgaris in different growth media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MATHIAS A. CHIA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The need for clean and low-cost algae production demands for investigations on algal physiological response under different growth conditions. In this research, we investigated the growth, biomass production and biochemical composition of Chlorella vulgaris using semi-continuous cultures employing three growth media (LC Oligo, Chu 10 and WC media. The highest cell density was obtained in LC Oligo, while the lowest in Chu medium. Chlorophyll a, carbohydrate and protein concentrations and yield were highest in Chu and LC Oligo media. Lipid class analysis showed that hydrocarbons (HC, sterol esthers (SE, free fatty acids (FFA, aliphatic alcohols (ALC, acetone mobile polar lipids (AMPL and phospholipids (PL concentrations and yields were highest in the Chu medium. Triglyceride (TAG and sterol (ST concentrations were highest in the LC Oligo medium. The results suggested that for cost effective cultivation, LC Oligo medium is the best choice among those studied, as it saved the cost of buying vitamins and EDTA associated with the other growth media, while at the same time resulted in the best growth performance and biomass production.

  18. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji shares the Physics nobel price in 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nobel price of physics has been assigned to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D.Phillips for their work about the cooling and the trapping of atoms with lasers. Two articles evoke the quantum mechanics and interaction between atoms and photons. (N.C.)

  19. HLB/ACP Resistance or Tolerance in Non-transgenic Citrus Scion Varieties: Potential Commercial Significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncirus trifoliata hybrids grown in the USHRL variety block on Sun Chu Sha (a unifoliate mandarin rootstock similar to Cleopatra) were tested for CLas 16S rDNA and Citrus dehydrin (as an internal standard to permit expression of data in CLas genomes/citrus genomes) by qPCR, assessing random quadran...

  20. Non-editorial Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehouse, John

    1974-01-01

    In his position as retiring chief of the Workers' Education Branch of the International Labour Office (ILO), Paul B. J. Chu is interviewed on worker education, the ILO organization and tole, personal disappointments and satisfactions, future educational developments in which the ILO will be involved, and problems facing workers' education. (AG)

  1. Measuring and valuing health-related quality of life among children and adolescents in mainland China--a pilot study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Xu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D, a new generic preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL instrument, has been validated for use in young people in both the UK and Australia. The main objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility of using a Chinese version of the CHU9D (CHU9D-CHN to assess HRQoL and to investigate the association of physical activity, homework hours and sleep duration with HRQoL in children and adolescents in Mainland China. METHODS: Data were collected using a multi-stage sampling method from grades 4-12 students in May 2013 in Nanjing, China. Consenting participants (N = 815 completed a self-administered questionnaire including the CHU9D-CHN instrument and information on physical activity, homework and sleep duration, self-reported health status, and socio-demographic characteristics. Descriptive and multivariate linear regression analyses were undertaken. CHU9D-CHN utility scores were generated by employing two scoring algorithms currently available for the instrument, the first derived from UK adults utilising the standard gamble (SG valuation method and the second derived from Australian adolescents utilising the best-worst scaling (BWS method. RESULTS: It was found that CHU9D utility scores discriminated well in relation to self-reported health status and that better health status was significantly associated with higher utility scores regardless of which scoring algorithm was employed (both p<0.001. The adjusted mean utilities were significantly higher for physically active than inactive students (0.023 by SG, 0.029 by BWS scoring methods, p<0.05. An additional hour of doing homework and sleep duration were, separately, associated with mean utilities of -0.019 and 0.032 based on SG, and -0.021 and 0.040 according to BWS scoring algorithms (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: The CHU9D-CHN shows promise for measuring and valuing the HRQoL of children and adolescents in China. Levels of self

  2. Does ecophysiology mediate reptile responses to fire regimes? Evidence from Iberian lizards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Catarina C.; Santos, Xavier

    2016-01-01

    Background. Reptiles are sensitive to habitat disturbance induced by wildfires but species frequently show opposing responses. Functional causes of such variability have been scarcely explored. In the northernmost limit of the Mediterranean bioregion, lizard species of Mediterranean affinity (Psammodromus algirus and Podarcis guadarramae) increase in abundance in burnt areas whereas Atlantic species (Lacerta schreiberi and Podarcis bocagei) decrease. Timon lepidus, the largest Mediterranean lizard in the region, shows mixed responses depending on the locality and fire history. We tested whether such interspecific differences are of a functional nature, namely, if ecophysiological traits may determine lizard response to fire. Based on the variation in habitat structure between burnt and unburnt sites, we hypothesise that Mediterranean species, which increase density in open habitats promoted by frequent fire regimes, should be more thermophile and suffer lower water losses than Atlantic species. Methods. We submitted 6–10 adult males of the five species to standard experiments for assessing preferred body temperatures (Tp) and evaporativewater loss rates (EWL), and examined the variation among species and along time by means of repeated-measures AN(C)OVAs. Results. Results only partially supported our initial expectations, since the medium-sized P. algirus clearly attained higher Tp and lower EWL. The two small wall lizards (P. bocagei and P. guadarramae) displayed low Tp and high EWL while the two large green lizards (T. lepidus and L. schreiberi) displayed intermediate values for both parameters. Discussion. The predicted differences according to the biogeographic affinities within each pair were not fully confirmed. We conclude that ecophysiology may help to understand functional reptile responses to fire but other biological traits are also to be considered. PMID:27330864

  3. Comparison in mechanical and tribological properties of CrTiAlMoN and CrTiAlN nano-multilayer coatings deposited by magnetron sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Zhang, Guojun; Jiang, Bailing

    2016-02-01

    CrTiAlN and CrTiAlMoN nano-multilayer coatings were deposited by closed field unbalanced magnetron sputtering. TiMoN and CrTiMoN nano-multilayer coatings with same Mo2N layer thickness were also prepared for comparison. The structure of these coatings is investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical and tribological properties were characterized and compared by nano-indentation and ball-on-disc test. It was found that these coatings were structured by fcc metal nitride phases (including CrN, TiN, AlN and Mo2N) and the preferred orientation changed from (1 1 1) to (2 0 0) with the increase of Mo content. The TEM results showed that the coatings exhibited typical columnar structure and nano-multilayer structure with modulation periods ranged from 3.2 nm to 7.6 nm. Among these coatings, CrTiAlMoN coatings presented the highest hardness, lowest coefficient of friction (COF) and wear rate. The hardness of these nano-multilayer coatings were determined by layer interfaces: TiN/Mo2N and AlN/Mo2N layer interface showed benefit on hardness enhancement while CrN/Mo2N layer interface led to a great hardness decrement. In comparison with the other as-deposited coatings, the low COF of CrTiAlMoN coatings was not only affected by Mo addition but also related to its oxidation behaviors.

  4. Effectiveness of methylphenidate as augmentation therapy after failure of adjunctive neuromodulation for patients with treatment-refractory bipolar depression: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adida M

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Marc Adida,1,2 Jean-Michel Azorin1,21Sainte-Marguerite Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Mediterranean University, 2Timone Health Campus, National Research Scientific Centre, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Adjunctive use of methylphenidate, a central stimulant, has been considered as a potential therapeutic choice for patients with refractory unipolar, geriatric, or bipolar depression, and depression secondary to medical illness. We present a case of bipolar depression in which the patient responded significantly to augmentation with methylphenidate, without any side effects, after failure of adjunctive repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy. Mr U, a 56-year-old man with bipolar I disorder, had melancholic symptoms during his sixth episode of bipolar depression. After failure of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy, he was treated with fluoxetine 80 mg/day, duloxetine 360 mg/day, mirtazapine 60 mg/day, and sodium valproate 1,000 mg/day, with no improvement. We added methylphenidate at a dose of 10 mg/day for one week, which resulted in mild clinical improvement, and then methylphenidate extended-release 20 mg/day for one week, with significant clinical improvement. He tolerated his medications well. His clinical recovery was stable over one year. The patient's antidepressants and methylphenidate were gradually tapered and finally discontinued after one year with no withdrawal syndrome. To date, he remains well on sodium valproate as monotherapy and is being followed up at our bipolar department. This case suggests that methylphenidate augmentation might be a therapeutic option when treating highly treatment-resistant patients with bipolar depression, even if they had not responded to adjunctive neuromodulation. In these clinical situations, physicians might be interested in prescribing methylphenidate because of its efficacy and safety.Keywords: bipolar disorder, treatment

  5. The role of alveolar type II cells in swine leptospirosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ângela P. Campos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study aimed to investigate a possible relationship between alveolar type II cells and the inflammatory response to infection with Leptospira spp., and thus comprise a further element that can be involved in the pathogenesis of lung injury in naturally infected pigs. The study group consisted of 73 adult pigs that were extensively reared and slaughtered in Teresina, Piauí state, and Timon, Maranhão state, Brazil. The diagnosis of leptospirosis was made using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT aided by immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction. The MAT registered the occurrence of anti-Leptospira antibodies in 10.96% (8/73 of the pigs. Immunohistochemistry allowed for the visualization of the Leptospira spp. antigen in the lungs of 87.67% (64/73 of the pigs. There was hyperplasia of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue and circulatory changes, such as congestion of alveolar septa, parenchymal hemorrhage and edema within the alveoli. Lung inflammation was more intense (p = 0.0312 in infected animals, which also showed increased thickening of the alveolar septa (p = 0.0006. Evaluation of alveolar type II (ATII cells using an anti-TTF-1 (Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 antibody showed that there were more immunostained cells in the non-infected pigs (53.8% than in the infected animals (46.2% and that there was an inverse correlation between TTF-1 positive cells and the inflammatory infiltrate. There was no amplification of Leptospira DNA in the lung samples, but leptospiral DNA amplification was observed in the kidneys. The results of this study showed that a relationship exists between a decrease in alveolar type II cells and a leptospire infection. Thus, this work points to the importance of studying the ATII cells as a potential marker of the level of lung innate immune response during leptospirosis in pigs.

  6. New treatment options for lupus – a focus on belimumab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiche L

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Laurent Chiche1,2, Noémie Jourde3, Guillemette Thomas1, Nathalie Bardin2, Charleric Bornet4, Albert Darque4, Julien Mancini51Department of Internal Medicine, Centre de Compétence Maladies Auto-immunes Systémiques PACA Ouest, 2Laboratory of Immunology, 3Department of Nephrology, 4Department of Pharmacy, Hôpital de la Conception, Marseille; 5Department of Public Health, Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Belimumab is the first biologic approved for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. Belimumab is the first of a new class of drug targeting B cell-stimulating factors or their receptors to reach the market. Its target, BLyS, also known as BAFF (B cell-activating factor from the tumor necrosis factor family, is a type II transmembrane protein that exists in both membrane-bound and soluble forms. Additionally to a robust rational from murine experiments conducted in lupus prone mice, BLyS circulating levels are increased in SLE patients. After the negative results of a Phase II trial, two Phase III trials met their primary endpoints. Some SLE patients are still refractory to the standard options of care or necessitate prolonged high-dose corticotherapy and/or long-term immunosuppressive regimens. However, some experts still feel that the effect of this biologic might not be clinically relevant and blame the use of the new systemic lupus response index as well as the discrepancies between both trials and the noninclusion of the severe form of the disease as nephritis. In this review, we aim to discuss the characteristics of belimumab, critically evaluate the different steps of its development, and consider its future place in the arsenal against SLE, taking into account the patients’ perspectives.Keywords: systemic lupus erythematosus, belimumab, treatment, monoclonal antibodies, adverse effects, BLyS

  7. Short geological description of the Inkai uranium deposit in South Kazakstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Inkai deposit is located in the territory of the Suzakski region of South Kazakhstan, at 160 km from the railroad station Kzyl-Orda, at the south-western part of Chu-Saryssu uranium ore province. The Chu-Saryssuiskaya depression presents an artesian basin which was formed by water-bearing complexes of upper chalk and of Paleocene-Eocene. During the neotectonic stage of the later Oligocene-Quarternary period, the artesian basin was developed mainly in infiltration regime, this fact led to comprehensive developing of stratum oxidation zones, the boundaries of which are forming regional fronts systems in ore-enclosing complexes horizons. Industrial uranium mineralization is linked with boundaries of stratum oxidation zones in water-bearing horizons (from lower Turonian to middle Eocene ones). The most significant industrial objectives are: in Paleocene sediments -deposits: Uvanas, Kanzhugan, Moinkum; in chalk sediments - Mynkuduk, Zhalpak and the deposit discovered in recent years - Inkai. (author)

  8. 《九歌》巫祭时间考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李效永

    2012-01-01

      "nine songs" jing chu"as a land of magic sacrifice the most important books, is the study of the pre-qin period of" jing chu "the ancestors' real life and national psychological vouchers. The magic a sacrifice of time should be at night, as night offering sacrifice, this a little research.%  《九歌》作为荆楚之地巫祭中最重要的典籍,是研究先秦时期荆楚之地先民们的真实生活和民族心理的凭证。其巫祭的时间应在夜晚,即为夜祭,本篇略加考证。

  9. Sustainable Development of Monastic Tourism in Tibetan Areas

    OpenAIRE

    Pad ma 'tsho

    2010-01-01

    Tibetan monastic tourism is discussed including prior leasehold experience in Tsang lha Township (Zhānglà 障腊), as well as recent efforts at Sku 'bum (Tǎ'er Sì 塔尔寺) and Bla brang (Lābǔléngsì 拉卜楞) monasteries in the context of field work completed 2001 to 2007 in Zung chu rdzong (Sōngpān 松潘) and Gzi tsha sde dgu rdzong (Jíuzhàigōu 九寨沟) in Sìchuān (四川) Province, Bla brang Monastery in Gānsù (甘肃) Province, and Sku 'bum Monastery in Qīnghǎi 青海 Province. Four points are addressed in considering the...

  10. Lower Bound for the Radiation $Q$ of Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Solid Magnetodielectric Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    A new lower bound for the radiation $Q$ of electrically small spherical magnetic dipole antennas with solid magnetodielectric core is derived in closed form using the exact theory. The new bound approaches the Chu lower bound from above as the antenna electrical size decreases. For $ka, the new b...... bound is lower than the bounds for spherical magnetic as well as electric dipole antennas composed of impressed electric currents in free space.......A new lower bound for the radiation $Q$ of electrically small spherical magnetic dipole antennas with solid magnetodielectric core is derived in closed form using the exact theory. The new bound approaches the Chu lower bound from above as the antenna electrical size decreases. For $ka, the new...

  11. Solution for backfitting of a controlled atmosphere area in radiopharmaceuticals unit: the mobile unit of decontamination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The laboratory of radiopharmaceuticals preparation is a controlled area, defined by good practices of preparation. In order to answer to this regulatory requirement, the environment follow-up is made regularly by the hygiene service of the Grenoble University hospital center (C.H.U.). The results of the last sampling turned out to be wrong. Our objective are to remedy this air contamination and to improve the particulate air quality. A mobile unit of air cleaning allowed to be in accordance with the law at the air cleanliness level for the area of radiopharmaceuticals preparation at the Grenoble C.H.U.. It allows to answer to exigence of good practices of preparation face to the controlled atmosphere areas, in a rapid way, efficient way and cheap way, especially before the reorganization of radiopharmacy place. (N.C.)

  12. High-pressure effects on the superconducting transition temperature of aluminum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The superconducting transition temperature T/subc/ of aluminum has been measured as a function of pressure to 62 kbar, at which point T/subc/ was reduced to 0.075 K from its zero pressure value of 1.18 K. These data cover ranges of temperature and pressure which allow differentiation between theoretical and empirical predictions. The data clearly obey the empirical relation of Smith and Chu and suggest a new volume dependence for the electron-phonon interaction

  13. Strava obyvatel Prahy v první polovině 19. století

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Franc, Martin

    Praha: Archiv hlavního města Prahy, 2007 - (Fejtová, O.; Ledvinka, V.; Pešek, J.), s. 325-335, 456-457. (Documenta Pragensia. 25). ISBN 978-80-86852-16-4. ISSN 0231-7443. [Dobrou chuť, velkoměsto. Praha (CZ), 05.10.2004-06.10.2004] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80770509 Keywords : food history * Prague * 19th century Subject RIV: AB - History

  14. Triple-negative breast cancer: treatment challenges and solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Jerusalem, Guy

    2016-01-01

    Joëlle Collignon,1 Laurence Lousberg,1 Hélène Schroeder,1 Guy Jerusalem,1,21Medical Oncology Department, CHU Sart Tilman Liege, Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman, Liege, Belgium; 2University of Liege, Liege, Belgium Abstract: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are defined by the absence of estrogen and progesterone receptors and the absence of HER2 overexpression. These cancers represent a heterogeneous breast cancer subtype with a poor prognosis. Few sy...

  15. Concurrent central retinal artery occlusion and branch retinal vein occlusion in giant cell arteritis

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Edward

    2010-01-01

    Edward R Chu, Celia S ChenDepartment of Ophthalmology, Flinders Medical Centre and Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, AustraliaAbstract: Ophthalmic involvement in giant cell arteritis can manifest in a number of ways. Central retinal artery occlusion is one of the common causes of visual loss in giant cell arteritis. On the contrary, branch retinal vein occlusion is rarely associated with the latter. We report an 89-year-old lady with acute left central retinal artery occlusion on a backg...

  16. Validation of the nausea and vomiting of pregnancy specific health related quality of life questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lacasse Anaïs; Bérard Anick

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The only existing NVP-specific quality of life (QOL) questionnaire is the "Health-Related Quality of Life for Nausea and Vomiting during Pregnancy" (NVPQOL). However, the reliability and validity of the NVPQOL have never been established. In order to justify its usage, the internal consistency and criterion validity of the NVPQOL questionnaire must be ascertained. Methods A prospective observational study including pregnant women attending CHU Sainte-Justine or René-Laenne...

  17. What Do Real Revolutionaries Eat?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    INESAPLESKACHEUSKAYA

    2005-01-01

    CHINESE Western cuisine is proudly spicy.Its distinctive flavor comes from red-hot chili peppers, an ingredient first brought to China by Spanish merchants in the 17th century. But Sichuan cuisine was hot long before the Spaniards arrived.A collection of poems from the ancient state of Chu entitled Elegy to the South reveals that natives of the area have been cooking with Sichuan pepper, cassia(local cinnamon), wormwood and other spices since 300 BC.

  18. Association between physiological falls risk and physical performance tests among community-dwelling older adults

    OpenAIRE

    Singh DK; Pillai SG; Tan ST; Tai CC; Shahar S

    2015-01-01

    Devinder KA Singh,1 Sharmila GK Pillai,1 Sin Thien Tan,1 Chu Chiau Tai,1 Suzana Shahar2 1Physiotherapy Programme, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, 2Nutrition and Dietetics Programme, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Background: Physical performance and balance declines with aging and may lead to increased risk of falls. Physical performance tests may be useful for initial fall-risk...

  19. Interleukin-32α inactivates JAK2/STAT3 signaling and reverses interleukin-6-induced epithelial–mesenchymal transition, invasion, and metastasis in pancreatic cancer cells

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jingfeng

    2016-01-01

    Jingfeng Chen,1,2,* Silu Wang,1,* Jiadong Su,1 Guanyu Chu,1 Heyi You,1 Zongjing Chen,1 Hongwei Sun,1 Bicheng Chen,1,3 Mengtao Zhou1 1Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 2Department of Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Lishui, 3Zhejiang Provincial Top Key Discipline in Surgery, Wenzhou Key Laboratory of Surgery, Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzho...

  20. Interest of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen premix sedation in gerodontology

    OpenAIRE

    Emmanuel Nicolas; Claire Lassauzay

    2009-01-01

    Emmanuel Nicolas1,2, Claire Lassauzay1,21CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2Université Clermont 1, EA 3847, Faculty of Dentistry, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, FranceAbstract: Elderly patients presenting cardiovascular, respiratory, or neurological disorders require a specific dental care approach, especially patients presenting Alzheimer’s disease. Sedative procedures can prevent dental care-induced stress, even when there is effective pain cont...

  1. Interest of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen premix sedation in gerodontology

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas, Emmanuel

    2008-01-01

    Emmanuel Nicolas1,2, Claire Lassauzay1,21CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2Université Clermont 1, EA 3847, Faculty of Dentistry, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, FranceAbstract: Elderly patients presenting cardiovascular, respiratory, or neurological disorders require a specific dental care approach, especially patients presenting Alzheimer’s disease. Sedative procedures can prevent dental care-induced stress, even when there is effective pain cont...

  2. Near infrared fluorescent chlorophyll nanoscale liposomes for sentinel lymph node mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Fan L; Wu Q; Chu M

    2012-01-01

    Lina Fan,1,* Qiang Wu,1,* Maoquan Chu1,21School of Life Science and Technology, 2The Institute for Advanced Materials and Nano Biomedicine Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping using in vivo near infrared fluorescence imaging has attracted great attention during the past few years. Here we report on the early use of poorly water-soluble chlorophyll with near infrared fluoresc...

  3. Emanuel Voska: v pozadí politiky

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hájková, Dagmara

    Praha: Masarykův ústav - Archiv AV ČR, 2007, s. 154-165. ISBN 978-80-86495-37-8. [Politika bez vavřínů - fenomén neúspěchu v politice. Praha (CZ), 08.11.2005] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA409/05/2088 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : Voska, Emanuel * espionage * propaganda Subject RIV: AB - History

  4. Can Big Pharma Behavior Change to Benefit Patients?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Professors Rosenberg and Chu will discuss how the behavior of large pharmaceutical companies can sometimes compromise the needs of patients. The behavior includes strategies for lobbying Congress, exploiting patent law, targeting large consumer markets, creating demand from patients, and influencing physicians. In some cases, this behavior has created ethical and legal problems. The talk will conclude with a discussion of possible ways to encourage changes that will benefit patients.

  5. Educational patterning of preparation for living in a marital family

    OpenAIRE

    Norkutė, Odeta

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of possibilities for preparation for family life becomes essential because young people have to treat their future family life with great responsibility, to know its legal, public and individual aspects. In Lithuania, the practice of preparation for marriage and support for family life cannot yet be considered as a system. Family life educational programmes in secondary schools are only starting to be implemented. Pre-marriage preparation programmes are being run only by Catholic Chu...

  6. Trends in reporting of mechanisms and incidence of hip injuries in males playing minor ice hockey in Canada: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Ayeni OR; Kowalczuk M; Farag J; Farrokhyar F; Chu R; Bedi A; Willits K; Bhandari M

    2014-01-01

    Olufemi R Ayeni,1 Marcin Kowalczuk,1 Jordan Farag,1 Forough Farrokhyar,1,2 Raymond Chu,1 Asheesh Bedi,3 Kevin Willits,4 Mohit Bhandari1,2 1Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, 2Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada Background: There has been a noted i...

  7. Geriatric slim implants for complete denture wearers: clinical aspects and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Huard C; Bessadet M; Nicolas E; Veyrune JL

    2013-01-01

    Cedric Huard,2 Marion Bessadet,1,2 Emmanuel Nicolas,1,2 Jean-Luc Veyrune,1,21Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Centre de Recherche en Odontologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Service d'Odontologie, Clermont-Ferrand, FranceBackground: Advances made in prevention have helped postpone complete edentulism in older patients. However, in the elderly, the physiological state reduces patients' ability to adapt to or...

  8. A systematic review of nonsurgical single-visit versus multiple-visit endodontic treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Wong AWY; Zhang C; Chu CH

    2014-01-01

    Amy WY Wong, Chengfei Zhang, Chun-hung Chu Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China Abstract: Conventional endodontic treatment used to require multiple visits, but some clinicians have suggested that single-visit treatment is superior. Single-visit endodontic treatment and multiple-visit endodontic treatment both have their advantages and disadvantages. This paper is a literature review of the research on ...

  9. Very low levels of HDL cholesterol and atherosclerosis, a variable relationship – a review of LCAT deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Savel J; Lafitte M; Pucheu Y; Pradeau V; Tabarin A; Couffinhal T

    2012-01-01

    Julia Savel,1,2 Marianne Lafitte,1 Yann Pucheu,1,3 Vincent Pradeau,1 Antoine Tabarin,2,3 Thierry Couffinhal1,3,41Centre d'Exploration, de Prévention et de Traitement de l'Athérosclérose, Hôpital Cardiologique, 2Service d'endocrinologie, CHU Bordeaux, Université Bordeaux Segalen, Bordeaux, France; 3Université de Bordeaux Adaptation cardiovasculaire à l'ischémie, 4INSERM, Adapt...

  10. Cancer du sein: intérêt du bilan d’extension par imagerie lors du diagnostic initial et du suivi les trois premières années après le diagnostic

    OpenAIRE

    Schroeder, Hélène; Hanocq, Florence; Collignon, Joëlle; Colin, Paul-Emile; Depuis, Zoé; Triffaux, François; Rorive, Andrée; Jerusalem, Guy

    2015-01-01

    In our region, repeated tumor staging by radiological procedures aiming to detect relapses and/or metastases from breast cancer is frequently performed. However, these procedures are not recommended by current international guidelines. We retrospectively analyzed the charts from 818 patients with a new diagnosis of breast cancer seen at CHU Liege between 2005 and 2009. We assessed the role of staging procedures at initial diagnosis and during follow-up the first 3 years after the diagnosis of...

  11. The Dimensions and Effects of Emotional Labor on Employee Job Satisfaction and Intention to Stay in Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    PALA, Tuğba; TEPECİ, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the levels and dimensions of employees’ emotional labor and to investigate the effects of emotional labor on employees’ attitudes in five star hotels. The data were collected from 174 employees working at 5 hotels in Bodrum, Datça and Marmaris. The hospitality emotional labor scale (Chu ve Murrmann, 2006) was used in the data collection, and the factor analysis of the data reveals that emotional labor consists deep acting and surface acting dimensions...

  12. Relative shortening and functional tethering of spinal cord in adolescent scoliosis – Result of asynchronous neuro-osseous growth, summary of an electronic focus group debate of the IBSE

    OpenAIRE

    Burwell R Geoffrey; Cheng Jack CY; Guo Xia; Lee Kwong-man; Tze-ping Lam; Ng Bobby KW; Lam Wynnie MW; Chu Winnie CW; Dangerfield Peter H; Jaspan Tim

    2008-01-01

    Abstract There is no generally accepted scientific theory for the causes of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). As part of its mission to widen understanding of scoliosis etiology, the International Federated Body on Scoliosis Etiology (IBSE) introduced the electronic focus group (EFG) as a means of increasing debate on knowledge of important topics. This has been designated as an on-line Delphi discussion. The Statement for this debate was written by Dr WCW Chu and colleagues who examine ...

  13. Atom gravimeters and gravitational redshift

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Borde, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude; 10.1038/nature09340

    2010-01-01

    In a recent paper, H. Mueller, A. Peters and S. Chu [A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves, Nature 463, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometry experiments published a decade ago did in fact measure the gravitational redshift on the quantum clock operating at the very high Compton frequency associated with the rest mass of the Caesium atom. In the present Communication we show that this interpretation is incorrect.

  14. Reply to the comment on: "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?"

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2012-01-01

    Hohensee, Chu, Peters and M\\"uller have submitted a comment (arXiv:1112.6039 [gr-qc]) on our paper "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?", Classical and Quantum Gravity 28, 145017 (2011), arXiv:1009.2485 [gr-qc]. Here we reply to this comment and show that the main result of our paper, namely that atom interferometric gravimeters do not test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency, remains valid.

  15. Cross-Sectional Dependence Robust Block Bootstrap Panel Unit Root Tests

    OpenAIRE

    Palm, F.C.; Smeekes, S.; Urbain, J.R.Y.J.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we consider the issue of unit root testing in cross-sectionally dependent panels. We consider panels that may be characterized by various forms of cross-sectionaldependence including (but not exclusive to) the popular common factor framework. Weconsider block bootstrap versions of the group-mean Im, Pesaran, and Shin (2003) and thepooled Levin, Lin, and Chu (2002) unit root coefficient DF-tests for panel data, originallyproposed for a setting of no cross-sectional dependence bey...

  16. The Bering Target Tracking Instrumentation

    OpenAIRE

    Denver, Troelz; Jørgensen, John Leif; Betto, Maurizio; Jørgensen, Peter Siegbjørn

    2003-01-01

    The key science instrument on the Bering satellite mission is a relative small telescope with an entrance aperture of 300 mm and a focal length between 500 and 1000 mm. The detection of potential targets is performed by one of the target scanning advanced stellar compasses (ASCs). This procedure results in a simple prioritized list of right ascension, declination, proper motion and intensity of each prospective target. The telescope itself has a dedicated ASC Camera Head Unit (CHU) mounted on...

  17. 元田永孚における『論語』の新たな位置づけ : 『元田先生進講録』を中心に

    OpenAIRE

    アンディー バンキット セティアワン,

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to reevaluate the relation between Motoda Nagazane and Confucianism by analyzing Motoda Nagazane's lecture record to Meiji Emperor on Analect of Confucianism, know as Motoda Sensei Shinkouroku. Study on the relation between Motoda Nagazane and Confucianism this far has brought a preconceived idea that Motoda Nagazane's perception on Confucianism is a consecutive perception of Edo Confucianism or often said as a pure perception of Chu Hsi school perception. For this study, it h...

  18. Contiguous relations and summation and transformation formulas for basic hypergeometric series

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Feng; Guo, Victor J. W.

    2013-01-01

    By using contiguous relations for basic hypergeometric series, we give simple proofs of Bailey's $_4\\phi_3$ summation, Carlitz's $_5\\phi_4$ summation, Sears' $_3\\phi_2$ to $_5\\phi_4$ transformation, Sears' ${}_4\\phi_3$ transformations, Chen's bibasic summation, Gasper's split poised $_{10}\\phi_9$ transformation, Chu's bibasic symmetric transformation. Along the same line, finite forms of Sylvester's identity, Jacobi's triple product identity, and Kang's identity are also obtained.

  19. The determinants of trust in supplier–automaker relations in the US, Japan, and Korea: A retrospective

    OpenAIRE

    Jeff Dyer; Wujin Chu

    2011-01-01

    This retrospective on the Dyer and Chu (2000) article “The determinants of trust in supplier–automaker relationships in the US, Japan, and Korea” attempts to accomplish a number of objectives. First, the paper examines the key findings and impact of the original paper, and provides additional insights behind the original research. Notably, we further clarify why interpersonal trust between organizational boundary spanners does not translate into inter-organizational trust – and why inter-orga...

  20. Valuing the Child Health Utility 9D: Using profile case best worst scaling methods to develop a new adolescent specific scoring algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratcliffe, Julie; Huynh, Elisabeth; Chen, Gang; Stevens, Katherine; Swait, Joffre; Brazier, John; Sawyer, Michael; Roberts, Rachel; Flynn, Terry

    2016-05-01

    In contrast to the recent proliferation of studies incorporating ordinal methods to generate health state values from adults, to date relatively few studies have utilised ordinal methods to generate health state values from adolescents. This paper reports upon a study to apply profile case best worst scaling methods to derive a new adolescent specific scoring algorithm for the Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D), a generic preference based instrument that has been specifically designed for the estimation of quality adjusted life years for the economic evaluation of health care treatment and preventive programs targeted at young people. A survey was developed for administration in an on-line format in which consenting community based Australian adolescents aged 11-17 years (N = 1982) indicated the best and worst features of a series of 10 health states derived from the CHU9D descriptive system. The data were analyzed using latent class conditional logit models to estimate values (part worth utilities) for each level of the nine attributes relating to the CHU9D. A marginal utility matrix was then estimated to generate an adolescent-specific scoring algorithm on the full health = 1 and dead = 0 scale required for the calculation of QALYs. It was evident that different decision processes were being used in the best and worst choices. Whilst respondents appeared readily able to choose 'best' attribute levels for the CHU9D health states, a large amount of random variability and indeed different decision rules were evident for the choice of 'worst' attribute levels, to the extent that the best and worst data should not be pooled from the statistical perspective. The optimal adolescent-specific scoring algorithm was therefore derived using data obtained from the best choices only. The study provides important insights into the use of profile case best worst scaling methods to generate health state values with adolescent populations. PMID:27060541

  1. Novel phytochemical–antibiotic conjugates as multitarget inhibitors of Pseudomononas aeruginosa GyrB/ParE and DHFR

    OpenAIRE

    Jayaraman P; Sakharkar KR; Lim CS; Siddiqi MI; Dhillon SK; Sakharkar MK

    2013-01-01

    Premkumar Jayaraman,1,2 Kishore R Sakharkar,3 ChuSing Lim,1,2 Mohammad Imran Siddiqi,4 Sarinder K Dhillon,5 Meena K Sakharkar1,61Biomedical Engineering Research Centre, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2Advanced Design and Modeling Lab, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 3OmicsVista, Singapore; 4Molecular and Structural Biology Division, Central Drug Research Institute, India; 5Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Mala...

  2. Novel phytochemical–antibiotic conjugates as multitarget inhibitors of Pseudomononas aeruginosa GyrB/ParE and DHFR

    OpenAIRE

    Dhillon, Sarinder, Kaur

    2013-01-01

    Premkumar Jayaraman,1,2 Kishore R Sakharkar,3 ChuSing Lim,1,2 Mohammad Imran Siddiqi,4 Sarinder K Dhillon,5 Meena K Sakharkar1,61Biomedical Engineering Research Centre, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 2Advanced Design and Modeling Lab, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 3OmicsVista, Singapore; 4Molecular and Structural Biology Division, Central Drug Research Institute, India; 5Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Mala...

  3. The Transition of Cultural Ecology in Beidong District of Guizhou – A Case Study of Tianzhu Community

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Xing; DONG, Baoling; Zhao, Yingzi

    2014-01-01

    Beidong minorities living together in Qingshui River valley are deeply influenced by Jing and Chu culture. Their ethnic and traditional culture was developed in the process of collision with foreign culture. In the several great social transformations, their cultural ecology was not imbalanced, but evolved and developed. Through the study on local knowledge of cultural ecology including agricultural production, ancestral hall and local-style dwelling house, full-scale drama and Yang Drama, ge...

  4. My English Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Of all the teachers, I love my English teacher best. He is a very good teacher and about thirty years old. We all call him Mr Chu. He is not tall but a little fat. He is a man with a good sense of humour and always friendly to us. We all like him and his lesson. In his class, we feel very happy. He always makes his English lesson interesting. We know English is rather difficult to learn but in his class,

  5. Restoring proximal caries lesions conservatively with tunnel restorations

    OpenAIRE

    Chu CH; Mei ML; Cheung C; Nalliah RP

    2013-01-01

    Chun-Hung Chu1, May L Mei,1 Chloe Cheung,1 Romesh P Nalliah2 1Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The tunnel restoration has been suggested as a conservative alternative to the conventional box preparation for treating proximal caries. The main advantage of tunnel restoration over the conventional box or slot pre...

  6. Restoring proximal caries lesions conservatively with tunnel restorations

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Chun-Hung

    2013-01-01

    Chun-Hung Chu1, May L Mei,1 Chloe Cheung,1 Romesh P Nalliah2 1Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The tunnel restoration has been suggested as a conservative alternative to the conventional box preparation for treating proximal caries. The main advantage of tunnel restoration over the conventional box or slo...

  7. Proč zůstává aktuální Mistr a Markétka, román Michaila Bulgakova, který se narodil před 120 lety

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Olšovský, Miroslav

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 2011, 13.5.2011 (2011). ISSN 0323-1941 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90920516 Keywords : Russian literature * Russian modernism * Russian novel Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision http://zpravy.idnes.cz/proc-zustava-aktualni-mistr-a-marketka-roman-michaila-bulgakova-ktery-se-narodil-pred-120-lety-i0i-/kavarna.aspx?c=A110512_135827_kavarna_chu

  8. Climate Cooperation——Highlights of Barack Obama's Visit to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Xiaosheng

    2009-01-01

    Barack Obama, the first US president who came to China in his first term, finished his four-day visit on November 18th, 2009. Many important officials ac-companied him such as Sectary of State Hillary Clin-ton, Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke, Energy secretary Steven Chu and Trade Representative Kirk, so his visit was also interpreted as a signal to show friendliness to China.

  9. Parasitosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008246 Effect of paeoniflorin on hepatic immunopathogenesis in mice with Schistosoma japonicum infection. CHU Deyong(储德勇),et al.Dept Parasitol,Anhui Medical Univ,Hefei 230032.Chin J Parasitol Parasit Dis 2008;26(1):10-15.Objective To investigate the mechanism of paeoniflorin in preventing hepatic granuloma formation and fibrosis in mice infected withSchistosoma japonicum.Methods Model of hepatic granuloma and fibrosis was

  10. Triple-negative breast cancer: treatment challenges and solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Collignon J; Lousberg L; Schroeder H; Jerusalem G

    2016-01-01

    Joëlle Collignon,1 Laurence Lousberg,1 Hélène Schroeder,1 Guy Jerusalem,1,21Medical Oncology Department, CHU Sart Tilman Liege, Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman, Liege, Belgium; 2University of Liege, Liege, Belgium Abstract: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are defined by the absence of estrogen and progesterone receptors and the absence of HER2 overexpression. These cancers represent a heterogeneous breast cancer subtype with a poor prognosis. Few systemic treat...

  11. Effect of biologic agents on radiographic progression of rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Devauchelle, Valerie

    2010-01-01

    Gabriel J Tobón1, Alain Saraux1,2, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec1,21Immunology Laboratory, Morvan Hospital, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France; 2Rheumatology Unit, Hôpital de la Cavale Blanche, CHU Brest, FranceAbstract: The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has benefited over the last few years from the introduction of biologic agents whose development was based on new insights into the immunological factors involved in the pathogen...

  12. Neuroprotective effects of salidroside through PI3K/Akt pathway activation in Alzheimer’s disease models

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Sheng-Di

    2016-01-01

    Bei Zhang,1,2 Ying Wang,1 Hui Li,1 Ran Xiong,1 Zongbo Zhao,1 Xingkun Chu,2 Qiongqiong Li,1 Suya Sun,1 Shengdi Chen1,2 1Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, The Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Sha...

  13. Institutional Change, Growth, and Poverty Levels in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    A.R. KEMAL

    2003-01-01

    It is now well-recognised that institutions matter in the growth process both directly and indirectly. Well-functioning institutions lead to higher investment levels, better policies, increase in social capital stock of a community, and better management of ethnic diversity and conflicts [see for example North (1990, 1994); Jutting (2003); Rodrik, et al. (2002); Dollar and Kray (2002); World Bank (2002); Aron (2000); Chu (2001) and Frischtak (1995)]. That the decay of institutions has led to ...

  14. Depressed patients’ preferences for type of psychotherapy: a preliminary study

    OpenAIRE

    Yrondi, Antoine

    2015-01-01

    Antoine Yrondi,1 Julie Rieu,1 Claire Massip,1 Vanina Bongard,2 Laurent Schmitt1 1Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, 2Public Health Service, CHU Toulouse, Toulouse, France Background: The treatment recommendations for depressed patients by the American Psychiatric Association encourage a focus on the patient’s preferences. The focus of this study was the preference of depressed inpatients for the type of psychotherapy. Methods: Twenty-nine subjects of ...

  15. Depressed patients’ preferences for type of psychotherapy: a preliminary study

    OpenAIRE

    Yrondi A; Rieu J; Massip C; Bongard V; Schmitt L

    2015-01-01

    Antoine Yrondi,1 Julie Rieu,1 Claire Massip,1 Vanina Bongard,2 Laurent Schmitt1 1Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, 2Public Health Service, CHU Toulouse, Toulouse, France Background: The treatment recommendations for depressed patients by the American Psychiatric Association encourage a focus on the patient’s preferences. The focus of this study was the preference of depressed inpatients for the type of psychotherapy. Methods: Twenty-nine subjects of both sexes w...

  16. Daily baseline skin care in the prevention, treatment, and supportive care of skin toxicity in oncology patients: recommendations from a multinational expert panel

    OpenAIRE

    Bensadoun RJ; Humbert P; Krutman J; Luger T; Triller R; Rougier A; Seite S; Dreno B

    2013-01-01

    René-Jean Bensadoun,1 Phillipe Humbert,2 Jean Krutman,3 Thomas Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 André Rougier,6 Sophie Seite,6 Brigitte Dreno71Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, 2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, M&uu...

  17. Summary Report: Asian Pacific Islander Workers Hearing

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance; AFL-CIO; UCLA Labor Center

    2002-01-01

    The first ever California State Assembly Hearing on Asian Pacific Islander Workers was convened by the Labor Employment Committee and the Asian Pacific Islander Legislative Caucus, at the request of Assembly member Judy Chu. The Hearing brought together Asian Pacific Islander workers and advocates from all over California. Their stories are a snapshot of millions of workers. The testimonies gave a glimpse of the detrimental impact that worker exploitation has on families and communities. Most...

  18. IL-8 secretion in primary cultures of prostate cells is associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Neveu B; Moreel X; Deschênes-Rompré M-P; Bergeron A; LaRue H; Ayari C; Fradet Y; Fradet V

    2014-01-01

    Bertrand Neveu*, Xavier Moreel*, Marie-Pier Deschênes-Rompré, Alain Bergeron, Hélène LaRue, Cherifa Ayari, Yves Fradet, Vincent FradetDepartment of Surgery, Laval University Cancer Research Centre, CHU de Quebec Research Centre, Quebec, QC, Canada *These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Chronic inflammation is believed to be a major factor in prostate cancer initiation and promotion and has been studied using prostate cancer cells ...

  19. Roles of iron acquisition systems in virulence of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli: salmochelin and aerobactin contribute more to virulence than heme in a chicken infection model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Qingqing

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC and uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC are the two main subsets of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC. Both types have multiple iron acquisition systems, including heme and siderophores. Although iron transport systems involved in the pathogenesis of APEC or UPEC have been documented individually in corresponding animal models, the contribution of these systems during simultaneous APEC and UPEC infection is not well described. To determine the contribution of each individual iron acquisition system to the virulence of APEC and UPEC, isogenic mutants affecting iron uptake in APEC E058 and UPEC U17 were constructed and compared in a chicken challenge model. Results Salmochelin-defective mutants E058ΔiroD and U17ΔiroD showed significantly decreased pathogenicity compared to the wild-type strains. Aerobactin defective mutants E058ΔiucD and U17ΔiucD demonstrated reduced colonization in several internal organs, whereas the heme defective mutants E058ΔchuT and U17ΔchuT colonized internal organs to the same extent as their wild-type strains. The triple mutant ΔchuTΔiroDΔiucD in both E058 and U17 showed decreased pathogenicity compared to each of the single mutants. The histopathological lesions in visceral organs of birds challenged with the wild-type strains were more severe than those from birds challenged with ΔiroD, ΔiucD or the triple mutants. Conversely, chickens inoculated with the ΔchuT mutants had lesions comparable to those in chickens inoculated with the wild-type strains. However, no significant differences were observed between the mutants and the wild-type strains in resistance to serum, cellular invasion and intracellular survival in HD-11, and growth in iron-rich or iron-restricted medium. Conclusions Results indicated that APEC and UPEC utilize similar iron acquisition mechanisms in chickens. Both salmochelin and aerobactin systems appeared to be important in APEC

  20. [Evolution of neonatal mortality at the Blida University Teaching Hospital (Algeria) between 1999 and 2006].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezzaoucha, A; El Kebboub, A; Aliche, A

    2010-02-01

    Within the framework of the active information system set up by the department of epidemiology on hospital mortality at the Blida (Algeria) University Teaching Hospital (CHU), a study was carried out to assess the importance and evolution of neonatal mortality recorded at the CHU in the last eight years (1999-2006) as well as the causes of neonatal death. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) was used to encode the nature of the causal disease. Using the software EpiInfo™ in its sixth version performed data entry, monitoring and analysis. On the whole, 2,167 neonatal deaths were recorded at the CHU during the study period, representing a proportional mortality of 25.4%. Early neonatal mortality (0-6 days) accounted for 83.4% of all neonatal mortality. Nearly two thirds of early neonatal deaths occurred in the first three days of life. The monthly evolution of the number of early neonatal deaths revealed a significant rising trend during the study period (P < 0.05) without identification of seasonal effect. The sex ratio was practically the same for early and late neonatal mortality, respectively 1.4 and 1.5. Prematurity accounted for 42.1% of the deaths in early neonatal deaths, followed by respiratory distress syndrome and infection, respectively 17.0 and 14.4%. Infections, with a relative frequency of 36.2%, represented the most common cause for the late neonatal mortality. The rate of early neonatal mortality during the study period, when this one took for denominator the number of newborns admitted in neonatology to express the mortality of service, was 15.6%. Throughout the study period, the rate of early neonatal mortality, without counting the deaths among transferred newborms, could be estimated at 19.2 per 1,000 live births, while the overall neonatal mortality rate could be estimated at 22.3 per 1,000 live births. No significant temporal tendency was pointed out. The CHU of Blida is not characterized by a lower risk of neonatal mortality

  1. O papel de imunoglobulinas na nefropatia da leptospirose em suínos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa M.F. Gonçalves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A leptospirose é uma antropozoonose endêmica em todo o mundo, que afeta o homem e várias espécies de animais domésticos e silvestres. No início da infecção há produção de IgM para o controle da infecção e após alguns dias, IgG são produzidas e provocam lise das leptospiras circulantes. Objetivou-se neste estudo identificar depósitos de antígeno de leptospiras e imunoglobulinas no tecido renal, para avaliar o papel de imunoglobulinas na patogênese da nefropatia da leptospirose em suínos. Foram colhidas 139 amostras de sangue e rim de suínos das cidades de Teresina/PI e Timon/MA, que foram avaliadas pela SAM, imunoistoquímica e PCR. Nefrite intersticial, fibrose, vasculite, tumefação do tufo glomerular e hipercelularidade difusa foram as principais alterações histopatológicas encontradas. A imunoistoquímica detectou antígeno de leptospira em 60 suínos. Depósitos de IgG, IgM e IgA foram observados no endotélio de capilares glomerulares, dos capilares intertubulares e na cápsula de Bowman, com marcação focal, difusa, global e segmentar. A deposição de IgM e IgA foi significantemente maior nos suínos infectados. Estranhamente depósitos de IgG foi significantemente maior nos suínos não infectados, onde não havia presença de antígeno de leptospiras e nem lesão túbulo-intersticial. Concluímos que antígeno de leptospiras no rim de suínos está relacionado a depósitos de IgM e IgA mas não a depósitos de IgG.

  2. Patient dose assessment in various Interventional radiology and cardiology procedures in Algeria (IAEA regional project results)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Purpose: To evaluate patient doses in Interventional Radiology (IR) and Cardiology (IC) procedures in Algeria, within the framework of an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regional project on radiation protection of patients and medical exposure control (RAF 9033). Materials and Methods: Three public hospitals (CHU Bab el Oued, CHU Parnet and CHU Mustapha) and one specialised Cardiology Service (Clinique Maouche) were chosen for the study. For Maximum Skin Dose (MSD) evaluation, gafchromic films XR type R were used, placed on patient's back before the procedure. The Dose Area Product (DAP) and MSD were measured in 57 IR and IC procedures, either diagnostic or therapeutic. Results: The results revealed large variations in MSD (0.06-3.3 Gy) and DAP (5.5-332 mGycm2). Mean MSD was 0.227 Gy in cerebral angiography, 0.202 Gy in coronary angiography, 1.162 Gy in Percutaneus Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) and 0.128 in abdominal angiography. The correlation of DAP and MSD was significant (r = 0.7). The correlation was DAP and fluoroscopy time was also significant (r = 0.8). Conclusion: The highest MSD values were found in PTCA which is a therapeutic procedure. Two PTCAs out of the 57 procedures measured in total had MSD over the threshold of 2 Gy for deterministic effects (MSD1 = 3.0 Gy and MSD2 3.3 Gy). The large variations in MSD reveal the need to continuously monitor patient doses in IR and IC procedures with special emphasis in PTCA procedure. (author)

  3. The Actions of QuanZhen Taoism at WangWU Mountain In Meng&Yuan period%蒙元时期王屋山全真教活动述略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张方

    2012-01-01

    Quanzhen School of Taoism is widely spread in WangWu Mountain in the Mongol - Yuan Period. Disci- ples of some famous master including Ma DanYang, Qiu ChuJi, Liu ChuXuan, Wang ChuYi and Hao DaTong was popular. The most important actions in that period was to engrave taoist scripture led by Song DeFang and national sacrifice in WangWu Mountain and JiDu Temple. The first action improved believers' religion knowledge, the sec- ond one did the close links with WangWu Daosim and governors. According to those actions, WangWu Mountain became one core area of Quanzhen School of Taoism.%蒙元时期全真道在王屋山地区分布极广。马丹阳、丘处机、刘处玄、王处一、郝大通等宗系弟子在王屋山均有流传,其中又以刘处玄系弟子最盛。这一时期,王屋山道教最重要的活动就是在宋德芳的领导下刊刻《道藏》以及在王屋天坛和济源济渎庙所举行国家祭祀活动,前者提高了王屋山全真道众的道学文化水平,后者加强了王屋山道教与统治者及全真教上层的联系。通过这些活动,王屋山逐渐成为全真教活动的核心区域之一。

  4. Radiological evaluation of the fetal face using three-dimensional ultrasound imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bäumler M

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Marcel Bäumler,1–3 Michèle Bigorre,1,4 Jean-Michel Faure1,51CHU Montpellier, Centre de Compétence des Fentes Faciales, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 2Clinique du Parc, Imagerie de la Femme, Castelnau-le-Lez, 3Cabinet de Radiologie du Trident, Lunel, 4CHU Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 5CHU Montpellier, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, FranceAbstract: This paper reviews screening and three-dimensional diagnostic ultrasound imaging of the fetal face. The different techniques available for analyzing biometric and morphological items of the profile, eyes, ears, lips, and hard and soft palate are commented on and briefly compared with the respective bi-dimensional techniques. The available literature supports the use of three-dimensional ultrasound in difficult prenatal diagnostic conditions because of its diagnostic accuracy, enabling improved safety of perinatal care. Globally, a marked increase has been observed in the accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasound in comparison with the bi-dimensional approach. Because there is no consensus about the performance of the different three-dimensional techniques, future studies are needed in order to compare them and to find the best technique for analysis of each of the respective facial elements. Universal prenatal standards may integrate these potential new findings in the future. At this time, the existing guidelines for prenatal facial screening should not be changed.Keywords: prenatal three-dimensional ultrasound, prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis, cleft lip and palate, fetal profile, retrognathism

  5. “过去的摇滚英雄”-以大众媒介对张楚复出的报道逻辑为中心%“Past Rock Music Hero”:Centering onthe Logic of the Mass Media Reports of Zhang Chu’s Comeback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵唯伊

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the mass media reports and comments about the rock singer Zhang Chu, and concludes that the mass media presents Zhang Chu, who has come back to the screen, as a past rock music hero, so as to reduce the resistant force of China’s rock music sub-culture represented by Zhang Chu. Based on this point, the paper points out that the dominant culture represented by the mass media has little interest and lacks the ability to grasp the whole picture of the current rock music ifeld. The mass media maintains the mainstream culture’s domination over the sub-culture in a conservative and compromised way, so as to consolidate the ruling status of the mainstream culture.%通过对大众传播媒介关于摇滚歌手张楚的报道、专访和评论的分析,指出大众传播媒介试图通过报道把复出后的张楚塑造成一个依然停留在过去的摇滚英雄形象,以消解张楚所代表的中国摇滚亚文化的反抗力量。在此基础上,揭示出以大众媒介为代表的主流文化对当前摇滚的全局没有把握的兴趣或者能力,因而媒介以一种保守的、妥协的方式来维护主流文化对亚文化的主导,以达到巩固主流文化霸权地位的目的。

  6. Corn stover fractions as a function of hybrid, maturity, site and year

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lizotte, P.L. [Laval Univ., Quebec City, PQ (Canada). Dept. des sols et de genie agroalimentaire; Savoie, P. [Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Quebec City, PQ (Canada); Lefsrud, M. [McGill Univ., Macdonald College, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Biosystems Engineering

    2010-07-01

    Corn stover is usually left on the ground following corn harvest so that it can be incorporated into the soil as organic matter and to protect against erosion. Part of the corn stover is oxidized in the atmosphere. Corn stover represents between 40 and 50 per cent of the dry matter (DM) contained in the aerial biomass of corn plants. Recent studies have shown that half of the corn stover could be harvested sustainably on low-sloping land under no-till practice. In Quebec, where 400,000 ha of corn are planted each year, corn stover could provide one million t DM of currently neglected biomass. Various hybrids of corn were monitored from early September to late November at 4 different sites during 2007, 2008 and 2009. Whole plants cut at 100 mm above the ground were collected weekly and separated into 7 fractions, notably the grain, the cob, the husk, the stalk below the ear, the stalk above the ear, the leaves below the ear and the leaves above the ear. In 2007, corn ears on average, were at 0.96 m above the ground at a site with low crop heat units (CHU). Hybrids grown in a warmer site were taller and their ears were 1.21 m above the ground. The DM partitioned in 7 components was 54 per cent grain, 14 per cent bottom stalk, 6 per cent top stalk, 5 per cent bottom leaves, 7 per cent top leaves, 5 per cent husk and 9 per cent cob. The total mass of fibre during harvest decreased from 8.9 to 6.6 t DM/ha for a low CHU hybrid and from 9.3 to 8.3 t DM/ha for a high CHU hybrid. Grain yield increased in 2008 from 3.8 to 7.6 t DM/ha over a 12-week period.

  7. D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate-based derivative nanoparticles as a novel carrier for paclitaxel delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Wu YP; Chu Q; Tan SW; Zhuang XT; Bao YL; Wu TT; Zhang ZP

    2015-01-01

    Yupei Wu,1,* Qian Chu,2,* Songwei Tan,1 Xiangting Zhuang,1 Yuling Bao,1 Tingting Wu,1 Zhiping Zhang1,3,41Tongji School of Pharmacy, 2Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical School, 3Hubei Engineering Research Center for NDDS, 4National Engineering Research Center for Nanomedicine, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Paclitaxel (PTX) is one of the most effective antin...

  8. Comportamento de novilhas bubalinas terminadas em confinamento usando promotor de crescimento ou esferas de chumbo no útero - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i3.1212 Buffalo heifers behavior in feedlot using growth promoter or lead spheres introduced in the uterus - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i3.1212

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Soares Domingues

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito da simulação da prenhez (100 esferas de chumbo no útero – CHU e uso de promotor de crescimento (PRC em comparação às novilhas vazias (VAZ, sobre o comportamento ingestivo, ruminação e imersão em água. Foram utilizadas 20 búfalas Murrah. Foi observado o comportamento das novilhas por cinco dias, em confinamento de 84 dias. O tempo de alimentação foi maior para o PRC (1352,5min. em relação ao VAZ (1120,2min. e ao CHU (1128,1min., que não diferiram entre si. O tempo de ruminação foi maior para os animais do PRC (2598,5min. em relação ao CHU (2169,7min., com o VAZ (2357,4min. em posição intermediária. No que se refere ao tempo de imersão em água (IME, este foi semelhante entre VAZ (1369,3min. e CHU (1289,9min. e superior ao tratamento PRC (604,0min.. O implante influenciou positivamente o tempo de alimentação e ruminaçãoThis experiment evaluated the effects of treatments simulating pregnancy (100 lead spheres in the uterus - LEA and implanted growth promoter (GPR, compared to a control group (EMP on feed intake behavior, rumination behavior, and water immersion behavior. Twenty Murrah buffaloes were used. After 84-day confinement, the heifers’ behavior was observed for five days. The feeding time was longer in GPR (1352.5min. than in EMP (1120.2min. and LEA (1128.1min.; the last two groups did not differ from each other. The rumination time was longer in GPR (2598.5min. than in LEA (2169.7min., and EMP had an intermediary time (2357.4min.. As for water immersion, the time was similar for EMP (1369.3min. and LEA (1289.9min. and longer in GPR (604.0min.. Implant utilization influenced feeding and rumination times

  9. Nouvelle gouvernance à l’hôpital : recomposition de l’organisation et gestion des ressources humaines

    OpenAIRE

    Crozet, Paul; Kaaniche, Asma; Lienard, Jean

    2011-01-01

    La présente recherche de nature exploratoire vise à analyser le processus en cours de recomposition de la structure hospitalière et son impact sur la gestion des ressources humaines.Elle repose sur un dispositif de recherche, original, qui associe au sein du CHU d’Amiens- un praticien, cadre dirigeant, coordonnateur de pôle, chargé de concevoir et mettre en œuvre la politique ressources humaines,- un observatrice participante, affectée à temps complet au sein de la Direction des Affaires Géné...

  10. Elucidating Sweet Corrosion Scales

    OpenAIRE

    Joshi, Gaurav Ravindra

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to improve understanding of the development of corrosion products (scales) that form on the inner walls of carbon steel pipelines in CO2-rich (sweet) oilfield environments. If well adherent to the carbon steel surface, such scales can significantly reduce the metal’s rate of corrosion. Typically, the open literature labels sweet corrosion scale as ferrous (II) carbonate (FeCO3) or siderite, although this may not always be the case. For example, Fe2(OH)2CO3 (chu...

  11. Formation-evolution model of uranium-productive basins and its recognition criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the study of geologic-tectonic setting and dynamic evolution of important uranium-productive basins both abroad and at home, six types of uranium-productive basins have been distinguished, and each type by typical representative of this type are nominated, namely Chu-Sarysu and Syr-Darya type, Central Kyzylkam type, Zaural and West-Siberia type, Zabaikel type, Bohemia type and South Texas type. The formation-evolution model of each type has been established and recognition criteria have been proposed. Finally, the difference between each type is discussed and some ideas for prospecting uranium-productive basins have been proposed. (author)

  12. Effects of combined dietary supplementation with fenofibrate and Schisandrae Fructus pulp on lipid and glucose levels and liver function in normal and hypercholesterolemic mice

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu PL; Pan SY; Zhou SF; Zhang Y.; Wang XY; Sun N; Chu ZS; Yu ZL; Ko KM

    2015-01-01

    Pei-Li Zhu,1 Si-Yuan Pan,1 Shu-Feng Zhou,2 Yi Zhang,1 Xiao-Yan Wang,1 Nan Sun,1 Zhu-Sheng Chu,1 Zhi-Ling Yu,3 Kam-Ming Ko41Department of Pharmacology, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 3School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China; 4D...

  13. The impact of ADHD on the health and well-being of ADHD children and their siblings.

    OpenAIRE

    Peasgood, T.; Bhardwaj, A.; Biggs, K.; Brazier, J E; Coghill, D.; Cooper, C.L.; Daley, D; Silva, C.; Harpin, V; Hodgkins, P.; Nadkarni, A.; Setyawan, J; Sonuga-Barke, E J

    2016-01-01

    Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with reduced health and well-being of patients and their families. The authors undertook a large UK survey-based observational study of the burden associated with childhood ADHD. The impact of ADHD on both the patient (N = 476) and their siblings (N = 337) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and happiness was quantified using multiple standard measures [e.g. child health utility-9D (CHU-9D), EuroQol-5D-Youth]....

  14. The impact of ADHD on the health and well-being of ADHD children and their siblings

    OpenAIRE

    Peasgood, Tessa; Bhardwaj, Anupam; Biggs, Katie; Brazier, John E.; Coghill, David; Cooper, Cindy L.; Daley, David; De Silva, Cyril; Harpin, Val; Hodgkins, Paul; Nadkarni, Amulya; Setyawan, Juliana; Sonuga-Barke, Edmund

    2016-01-01

    Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with reduced health and well-being of patients and their families. The authors undertook a large UK survey-based observational study of the burden associated with childhood ADHD. The impact of ADHD on both the patient (N = 476) and their siblings (N = 337) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and happiness was quantified using multiple standard measures [e.g. child health utility-9D (CHU-9D), EuroQol-5D-Youth]....

  15. Liste des abréviations

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    ACP Analyse en composantes principales AFD Agence française de développement AMI Assistance médicale indigène ASC Agents de santé communautaire BAD Banque africaine de développement BEP Brevet d’enseignement professionnel BEPC Brevet d’études de premier cycle BT Brevet de technicien CAMEG Centrale d’achat des médicaments essentiels génériques CAP Certificat d’aptitude professionnelle CDR Comité de défense de la Révolution CEP Certificat d’études primaires CHR Centre hospitalier régional CHU C...

  16. In vitro gynogenesis in red beet (Beta vulgaris L.: effects of ovule culture conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Barański

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the influence of factors affecting gynogenic response of red beet ovules is discussed. The ovule response frequencies were the highest in the following conditions: N6 (Chu 1975 mineral salts, 0.5 mg/l IAA, 0.2 mg/l BA, 27 or 32oC. The influence of genotype of donor plants was confirmed and it was found that the ovules excised from cultivar plants have a greater gynogenic ability than the ovules of hybrids or inbred lines.

  17. Online shopping behavior in offline retail stores : strategic value for companies?

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, José Pedro Santos

    2015-01-01

    In a world where e-tailing and traditional in-store shopping live together and complement each other in several shopping activities (Chu, et. al, 2010), little is known about the possibility of an emerging reality in which online and offline shopping merge into one single phenomenon. The purpose of this dissertation is to explore whether consumers are willing to engage in a shopping behavior inside retail stores in a way that is similar to the one they have when shopping online. Additionally,...

  18. The pineal Gland, melatonin and hormones rythms regulation

    OpenAIRE

    VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo

    2016-01-01

    The pineal gland, melatonin, and the regulation of hormonal rhythms Dr. H Valdés-Socin. Head of clinic. Department of Endocrinology. CHU de Liège The pineal gland is known by Anatomists since the middle ages. Andrea Vesalius described it in the chap VII of his monumental book "De humani corporis fabrica (1555)". René Descartes had the intuition that the pineal gland is a "third eye" and that is how his illustrator Florent Schuyl represented it in figure 34 of Descartes book "De Homi...

  19. Generation and Correlation Characteristics of Complex Spreading Sequences for CDMA Wireless Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poonam Goyal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents complex spreading sequences (CSS for use in coded multiple access communication systems. The complex sequences such as Zadoff-Chu (ZC and Oppermann {&} Vucetic (OV are described here. These complex spreading sequences offers a very wide range of values for both auto-correlation (AC and cross-correlation (CC functions, allowing great flexibility in the selection of characteristics of sequence sets. The parameters such as mean-square aperiodic AC and CC values for various sequence sets are presented here

  20. 新潟市方言におけるシラビーム方言的要素

    OpenAIRE

    松木, 愛美; Matsuki, Emi

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, an attempt will be made to examine the phonological classification of a Japanese dialect, and to search for the existence of the syllabeme phenomenon in the Niigata City dialect. There are Japanese dialects which cannot analyze words such as Chu-sha and Macchi as two part units. In those dialects, long vowel(R), skipping-wise intonation(N), double consonant(Q) and the diphthong (ai, ui, and oi, etc.) are not taken as one unit of length. From this fact, Shibata (1962) assumed th...

  1. Fusarium spp. on maize in the Region wallonne: biodiversity and mycotoxin production

    OpenAIRE

    Scauflaire, Jonathan; Mahieu, Olivier; Foucart, Guy; Munaut, Françoise; 3rd symposium mycotoxins: threats and risk management

    2009-01-01

    In Belgium, 8.3 million tons of maize plants are harvested annually from 222.000 hectares of farm land and mainly used as livestock feed (www.statbel.fgov.be, 2007). However, crop quality is often reduced by ear and stalk rot due to Fusarium spp., and their associated mycotoxins are a serious problem for human and animal health (Wilson et al., 1990; Rheeder et al., 1992; Chu & Li, 1994). A large number of Fusarium species has been associated with ear and stalks rots (Bottalico, 1998; Logrieco...

  2. ON THE SELF-SIMILARITY OF A JET IN CROSSFLOW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The RNG k-ε turbulence model is adopted to investigate a turbulent round jet issuing into crossflow, with the Reynolds number at jet exit of Re=6000 and jet-to crossflow velocity ratio of r=8. With the CFD code, FLUENT, the relations of dimensional analysis are successfully reproduced and the calculated coefficients agree well with the experimental measurements of Wong (1991) and Chu (1996). The investigations are then taken on the velocity, stream function and vorticity at the far field of the jet. It shows that at least within the covered range herein, the jet at the far field is self-similar.

  3. RITUXIMAB DANS LA POLYARTHRITE RHUMATOÏDE

    OpenAIRE

    ABABOU, Hadjer; DAFFI, SOUMIA

    2012-01-01

    La polyarthrite rhumatoïde est un rhumatisme inflammatoire chronique. Les biothérapies mises au point ont révolutionné la prise en charge du patient, parmi ceux-ci, on peut citer le Rituximab: est un anticorps monoclonal inhibant spécifiquement le récepteur CD20 des lymphocytes B. Notre travail a pour buts d'évaluer l'efficacité de Rituximab dans le traitement de polyarthrite rhumatoïde chez les patients suivis dans le service de rééducation CHU Tlemcen. Il s'agit d'une étud...

  4. L’opinion publique russe et l’affaire Boudanov [Russian Public Opinion and The Budanov Case

    OpenAIRE

    Amandine Regamey

    2008-01-01

    In March 2000, Colonel Yuri Budanov kidnapped, raped and killed a young Chechen girl from the village of Tangui-Chu. After his arrest and during the entire trial, he claimed that she was a sniper who had murdered several of his soldiers, and that he had lost his temper and strangled her, but he denied raping her. High-ranking military officials closed ranks behind him, and at all stages of his trial demonstrations of support were organised in front of the court. He was finally condemned to te...

  5. INDUCCIÓN DE LA PRODUCCIÓN DE LÍPIDOS TOTALES EN MICROALGAS SOMETIDAS A ESTRÉS NUTRITIVO

    OpenAIRE

    Marianela Cobos Ruiz; Jae Diana Paredes Rodríguez; Juan Carlos Castro Gómez

    2015-01-01

    RESUMENSe evaluó la producción de lípidos totales en cinco especies de microalgas inducidas por la ausencia de nitrógeno. Las microalgas empleadas fueron Ankistrodesmus sp., Ankistrodesmus nannoselene, Chlorella sp., Scenedesmus sp. y Scenedesmus quadricauda. Estas especies fueron cultivadas en medio CHU10 con y sin nitrógeno. El tiempo de evaluación fue de seis días, determinándose diariamente la densidad microalgal mediante recuento en cámara de Neubahuer. Se determinó la tasa de crecimient...

  6. Demonstration Of A Continuously Guided Atomic Interferometer Using A Single-Zone Optical Excitation

    CERN Document Server

    Shahriar, M S; Jheeta, M; Morzinksi, J; Hemmer, P R; Pradhan, P

    2003-01-01

    We demonstrate an atomic interferometer in which the atom passes through a single-zone optical beam, consisting of a pair of bichromatic counter-propagating fields. During the passage, the atomic wave packets in two distinct internal states trace out split trajectories, guided by the optical beams, with the amplitude and spread of each wave-packet varying continuously, producing fringes that can reach a visibility close to unity. We show that the rotation sensitivity of this continuous interferometer (CI) can be comparable to that of the Borde-Chu Interferometer (BCI). The relative simplicity of the CI makes it a potentially better candidate for practical applications.

  7. Asian Highlands Perspectives Six

    OpenAIRE

    various

    2010-01-01

    The Brag 'go Wolf Begging Ritual (Spyang sprang) by Author Mgon po tshe ring Local History in A mdo: The Tsong kha Range (Ri rgyud) by Gray Tuttle Stag rig Tibetan Village: Hair Changing and Marriage by 'brug mo skyid, Charles Kevin Stuart, Alexandru Anton-Luca, and Steve Frediani Sustainable Development of Monastic Tourism in Tibetan Areas by Pad ma 'tsho Matrilineal Marriage in Tibetan Areas In Western Sìchuān Province by Feng Min Collecting Water From the Yellow Ri...

  8. Maailmade loomine ja rahvuspaviljonid Veneetsias / Kati Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    53. Veneetsia biennaal "Making Worlds / Fare Mondi / Maailmu luues" 7. VI-22. XI, kuraator Daniel Birnbaum. Hiina kunstniku Chu Yuni tööst "Constellation / Tähtkuju" kuraatorinäitusel. Lühidalt USA (Bruce Nauman) ja Hispaania (Miquel Barcelo) paviljonidest, pikemalt Taani ja Põhjamaade (kunstnike-kuraatorite Michael Elmgreeni ja Ingar Dragseti projekt "The Collectors / Kogujad"), Prantsuse (Claude Lévèque'i "Le Grand Soir / Suur öö", kuraator Christian Bernard) ja Egiptuse (Adel El Siwi ja Ahmad Askalany "Leggermente monumentale / Kergelt monumentaalne") paviljonidest

  9. Formation-evolution model of uranium-productive basin and its recognition criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on geologic-tectonic setting and dynamic evolution of important U-productive basins both at home and abroad, authors distinguish six type of U-productive basins, and nominate each type by typical representative of this type, namely Chu-Sarysu and Syr-Darya type, Central Kyzylkum type, Zaural and West-Siberia type, Zabaikal type, Bohemia type, and South Texas type. The formation-evolution model of each type of U-productive basin has been established and recognition criteria have been proposed. Finially, the difference between each type U-productive basin is discussed and some assumption on prospecting for U-productive basins is proposed. (authors)

  10. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AYANSO A., CHATTERJEE D., CHO D. I. (2011, “E-Government readiness index: A methodology and analysis”, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 28, n° 4, pp. 522-532. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic Governance and Cross-Boundary Collaboration: Innovations and Advancing Tools, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 422 p. ISBN: 9781609607548 CONCHA G., ASTUDILLO H., PORRÚA M. (et al. (2011, “E-Government procurement observatory, maturity model and early measurements”, Gove...

  11. String interactions and discrete symmetries of the pp-wave background

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Free string theory on the plane-wave background displays a discrete Z2 symmetry exchanging the two transverse SO(4) rotation groups. This symmetry should be respected also at the interacting level. We show that the zero-mode structure proposed in Chu et al (2002 Preprint hep-th/0208148) can be completed to a full kinematical vertex, contrary to claims appearing in the previous literature. We also comment on the relation with recent works on the string-bit formalism and on the comparison with the field theory side of the correspondence

  12. Catherine Creuzot-Garcher sous les Ors de la République

    OpenAIRE

    Bretillon, Lionel; Creuzot Garcher, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Le Professeur Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, chef du service d’ophtalmologie du CHU de Dijon et enseignant-chercheur au CSGA, a reçu la distinction de Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur le 14 juillet 2013. Une fierté pour l'UMR. Cette nomination par le Premier Ministre au titre de la recherche est l’occasion pour nous de revenir sur le caractère exceptionnel de Catherine et de sa carrière. Pour qui côtoie Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, la qualifier en quelques lignes pour le 1er Cru relève de la gag...

  13. Minimum Q Electrically Small Antennas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, O. S.

    2012-01-01

    Theoretically, the minimum radiation quality factor Q of an isolated resonance can be achieved in a spherical electrically small antenna by combining TM1m and TE1m spherical modes, provided that the stored energy in the antenna spherical volume is totally suppressed. Using closed-form expressions...... results for a multiarm spherical helix antenna confirm the theoretical predictions. For example, a 4-arm spherical helix antenna with a magnetic-coated perfectly electrically conducting core (ka=0.254) exhibits the Q of 0.66 times the Chu lower bound, or 1.25 times the minimum Q....

  14. Polyethylene glycol-coated graphene oxide attenuates antigen-specific IgE production and enhanced antigen-induced T-cell reactivity in ovalbumin-sensitized BALB/c mice

    OpenAIRE

    Jan, Tong-Rong

    2014-01-01

    Hsin-Ying Wu,1,* Kun-Ju Lin,2,* Ping-Yen Wang,1 Chi-Wen Lin,3 Hong-Wei Yang,3 Chen-Chi M Ma,3 Yu-Jen Lu,4 Tong-Rong Jan1 1Department and Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Animal Molecular Imaging Center and Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; 3Department of Chemical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan; 4Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gun...

  15. Targeted therapy for localized non-small-cell lung cancer: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Chouaid, Christos

    2016-01-01

    Nicolas Paleiron,1 Olivier Bylicki,2 Michel André,1 Emilie Rivière,1 Frederic Grassin,1 Gilles Robinet,3 Christos Chouaïd4 On behalf of the GFPC Group 1Chest Department, HIA Clermont Tonnerre, Brest, 2Chest Department, HIA Percy, Clamart, 3Chest Department, CHU de Brest, Brest, 4GRC OncoEst, Université Paris XII, Paris, France Abstract: Targeted therapies have markedly improved the management of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NS...

  16. Neuroprotective effects of salidroside through PI3K/Akt pathway activation in Alzheimer’s disease models

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang B; Wang Y; Li H; Xiong R; Zhao Z; Chu X; Li Q; Sun S.; Chen S

    2016-01-01

    Bei Zhang,1,2 Ying Wang,1 Hui Li,1 Ran Xiong,1 Zongbo Zhao,1 Xingkun Chu,2 Qiongqiong Li,1 Suya Sun,1 Shengdi Chen1,2 1Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, The Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, P...

  17. Advances in multi-photon processes and spectroscopy v.22

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, S H; Fujimura, Y

    2014-01-01

    This volume presents the recent progress and perspective in multi-photon processes and spectroscopy of atoms, ions, molecules and solids. The subjects in the series cover the experimental and theoretical investigations in the interdisciplinary research fields of natural science including chemistry, physics, bioscience and material science. Contents:Theoretical Foundations for Exploring Quantum Optimal Control of Molecules (Tak-San Ho, Herschel Rabitz and Shih-I Chu)Intramolecular Nuclear Flux Densities (I Barth, C Daniel, E Gindensperger, J Manz, J F Pérez-To

  18. Patients’ beliefs about adherence to oral antidiabetic treatment: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Guénette L; Lauzier S; Guillaumie L; Giguère G; Grégoire JP; Moisan J

    2015-01-01

    Line Guénette,1–3 Sophie Lauzier,1–3 Laurence Guillaumie,2–4 Gabriel Giguère,1 Jean-Pierre Grégoire,1–3 Jocelyne Moisan1–3 1Faculty of Pharmacy, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 2Chair on Adherence to Treatments, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 3CHU de Québec Research Center, Population Health and Optimal Practices Research Unit, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 4Faculty of Nursing, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Cana...

  19. Patients’ beliefs about adherence to oral antidiabetic treatment: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Guénette, Line

    2015-01-01

    Line Guénette,1–3 Sophie Lauzier,1–3 Laurence Guillaumie,2–4 Gabriel Giguère,1 Jean-Pierre Grégoire,1–3 Jocelyne Moisan1–3 1Faculty of Pharmacy, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 2Chair on Adherence to Treatments, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 3CHU de Québec Research Center, Population Health and Optimal Practices Research Unit, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 4Faculty of Nursing, Lav...

  20. The Duoxu Language and the Ersu-Lizu-Duoxu relationship

    OpenAIRE

    Chirkova, Katia

    2014-01-01

    Duoxu is a terminally endangered and virtually undescribed Tibeto-Burman language, spoken in the historically multi-ethnic and multilingual Miǎnníng county in Sìchuān province in the People's Republic of China. Until recently, Duoxu was known only through a 740-word vocabulary list in the Sino-Tibetan vocabularies Xīfān Yìyǔ [Tibetan-Chinese bilingual glossary], recorded in Chinese and Tibetan transcriptions in the 18th century, and a grammatical sketch (Huáng & Yǐn 2012). Researchers who hav...

  1. Adaptogenic potential of andrographolide: An active principle of the king of bitters (Andrographis paniculata)

    OpenAIRE

    Thakur, Ajit Kumar; Chatterjee, Shyam Sunder; Kumar, Vikas

    2014-01-01

    Andrographolide is a major bioactive secondary plant metabolite isolated Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Wall. Ex. Nees. (穿心蓮 chuān xīn lián), a well-known traditionally used medicinal herb. The aim of the study was to pharmacologically evaluate the beneficial effect of andrographolide on stress-induced thermoregulatory and other physiological responses in mice. A stress-induced hyperthermia test was conducted in mice. The test agents were orally administered once daily for 11 consecutive ...

  2. IDENTITIES INVOLVING RATIONAL SUMS BY INVERSION AND PARTIAL FRACTION DECOMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Prodinger

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Identities appearing recentlyin: {sc J. L. D'{i}az-Barrero, J. Gibergans-B'agu-ena, P. G. Popescu:}{it Some identities involving rational sums}. Appl. Anal. Discrete Math., {f 1} (2007, 397--402, aretreated by inverting them; the resulting sums areevaluated using partial fraction decomposition, following{sc Wenchang Chu:} {it A binomial coefficient identity associated with {B}eukers' conjectureon {A}p'ery numbers.} Electron. J. Combin., {f 11} (1: Note 15, 3 pp. (electronic, 2004.This approach produces a general formula, not only special cases.

  3. About Animal Husbandry and Feed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Animal Husbandry and Feed Science is published to introduce the research achievements of animal husbandry and veterinary workers to the world,enhance their chances to participate in international academic exchange,and promote development of animal husbandry and veterinary.In 2009,Wu Chu(USA-China)Science&Culture Media Co.(Cranston,USA)and Anhui Wuchu Science,Technology and Culture Communication Co.,Ltd(Hefei,China)issued the journal Animal Husbandry and Feed Science(ISSN 1943-9911).The main content is basic theory and applied research about animal husbandry,veterinary,feed science and other related fields.The journal covers many research areas

  4. The correlation between emotional distress and aging males’ symptoms at a psychiatric outpatient clinic: sexual dysfunction as a distinguishing characteristic between andropause and anxiety/depression in aging men

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Ching Yen

    2013-01-01

    Ching-Yen Chen,1,4,5 Chin-Pang Lee,1,4 Yu Chen,2,4,5 Jun-Ran Jiang,3,4,5 Chun-Lin Chu,1,4,5 Chun-Liang Chen3,4,5 1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Urology, 3Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4Men’s Health Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taiwan; 5School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan Background: Andropause and psychiatric disorders are associated with various symptoms in aging males and are part of the differential diagnosis of ...

  5. Spirometry is underused in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

    OpenAIRE

    Yu WC; Fu SN; Tai EL; Yeung YC; Kwong KC; Chang Y; Tam CM; Yiu YK

    2013-01-01

    Wai Cho Yu,1 Sau Nga Fu,2 Emily Lai-bun Tai,3 Yiu Cheong Yeung,1 Kwok Chu Kwong,1 Yui Chang,1 Cheuk Ming Tam,3 Yuk Kwan Yiu2 1Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong; 2Department of Family Medicine and Primary Healthcare, Kowloon West Cluster, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong; 3Tuberculosis and Chest Service, Department of Health, Government of Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong Abstract: Spirometry is important in the diagnosis and managemen...

  6. Spirometry is underused in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Wai Cho

    2013-01-01

    Wai Cho Yu,1 Sau Nga Fu,2 Emily Lai-bun Tai,3 Yiu Cheong Yeung,1 Kwok Chu Kwong,1 Yui Chang,1 Cheuk Ming Tam,3 Yuk Kwan Yiu2 1Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong; 2Department of Family Medicine and Primary Healthcare, Kowloon West Cluster, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong; 3Tuberculosis and Chest Service, Department of Health, Government of Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong Abstract: Spirometry is important in the diagnosis and manageme...

  7. Study of pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of liposomal brucine for dermal administration

    OpenAIRE

    Yang B-C; Chu Z-F; Zhu S.; Wang L-J; Feng Y-H; Li F-H; Liu C-S; Yuan Y

    2011-01-01

    Bai-Can Yang1, Zhi-Feng Chu1, Sha Zhu1, Li-Jun Wang1, Yu-Hong Feng1, Feng-Hua Li1, Chang-Sheng Liu2, Yuan Yuan21Pharmacy Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, and Engineering Research Center for Biomedical Materials of Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People’s Repu...

  8. Eupafolin nanoparticles protect HaCaT keratinocytes from particulate matter-induced inflammation and oxidative stress

    OpenAIRE

    Yen, Feng-Lin; Lin, Zih-Chan; Lee, Chiang-Wen; Tsai, Ming-Horng; Ko, Horng-Huey; Fang, Jia-You; Chiang, Yao-Chang; Liang, Chan-Jung; Hsu,Lee-Fen Hsu; Hu,Stephen Chu-Sung

    2016-01-01

    Zih-Chan Lin,1,* Chiang-Wen Lee,2,3,* Ming-Horng Tsai,4 Horng-Huey Ko,5 Jia-You Fang,1,2 Yao-Chang Chiang,6,7 Chan-Jung Liang,8,9 Lee-Fen Hsu,10 Stephen Chu-Sung Hu,11,12 Feng-Lin Yen5,8,13 1Graduate Institute of BioMedical Sciences, Chang Gung University, 2Research Center for Industry of Human Ecology, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Kweishan, Taoyuan, 3Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Technology and Chronic Diseases and Hea...

  9. Taiwan. The Birth of A Nation?

    OpenAIRE

    Muyard, Frank

    2008-01-01

    On March 20th 2004, President Chen Shui-bian and his running mate Lu Hsiu-lien, who were the candidates of the Democratic Progressive Party (Minjindang, DPP) were re-elected to the presidency of the Republic of China, defeating Lien Chan, President of the Chinese Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang (KMT), and his running mate, Soong Chu-yu, President of the PFP, People First Party (Qinmindang). The victory margin was extremely narrow, barely more than 29,500 votes, or 0.22% of voters, separating...

  10. Continuum bound states as surface states of a finite periodic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We discuss the relation between continuum bound states (CBSs) localized on a defect, and surface states of a finite periodic system. We model an experiment of Capasso et al. [F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, S-N. G. Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Nature (London) 358, 565 (1992)] using the transfer-matrix method. We compute the rate for intrasubband transitions from the ground state to the CBS and derive a sum rule. Finally we show how to improve the confinement of a CBS while keeping the energy fixed

  11. Quality Factor and Radiation Efficiency of Dual-Mode Self-Resonant Spherical Antennas With Lossy Magnetodielectric Cores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Vejle; Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2014-01-01

    determine the relative mode excitation, as a function of the core material parameters, which ensures self-resonance. For the specific case of a dual-${\\rm TE}_{m1}$ , ${\\rm TM}_{m1}$ dipole antenna of half a wavelength circumference, we show quantitatively, how $Q/e$ and $e$ behave, and can be optimized as...... functions of permeability and magnetic loss tangent. We obtain $Q/e$ values well below the Chu lower bound with fair efficiencies up to 71% – 84%....

  12. An example of the treatment protocol in the case of a patient who has received a radioactive product

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of 2009, the Radiation Protection Unit at Rouen University Hospital (Rouen CHU), took part in discussions initiated by the hospital's protocol review board (Nursing Care Directorate) regarding management of all hospital waste produced during health care activities (including activities involving radioactive materials) with a view to complying with French National Authority for Health requirements. Moreover, these new provisions had to incorporate management procedures relative to radioactive waste from the radio analysis laboratory at the hospital's Clinical Biology Institute in accordance with the Order of 23 July 2008. To this end, a study was carried out on the university hospital departments in question, in conjunction with the nuclear medicine department of the neighbouring Henry-Becquerel Regional Cancer Centre (CRLCC), the major producer of radioactive waste. This document presents the new protocol that takes into account the feedback experience from Rouen CHU and the CRLCC. This protocol is based on a better writing down and availability of all the information concerning the treatment received by the patient during his stay at the hospital. This protocol will allow a better identification of the waste and as a consequence a better optimization of its disposal

  13. THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE CULTURE ORIENTATION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE SOUTH DONGTING LAKE WETLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Dongting Lake is internationally an important wetland. We studied and summarized the conception, function, classification and current situation of the wetland-landscape culture in this region. The results showed that the culture of Dongting Lake wetland was rich in diversity, which are the Rice Cultivation Culture, high-balustrade dwelling,Nuo Culture, Ship Culture, Dragon Boat Culture, Chu Culture, Ancient Architecture Landscape, Wetland Foodstuff andCuisine Culture, Civil Art, Historic Heritage and Cultural Relics, Revolutionary Sites and Ruins, and Production andLiving Culture, etc. We also evaluated the eeo-tourism value of wetland landscape culture, and analyzed its features andorientation. The results revealed that the south Dongting Lake wetland plays a key role on the Changjiang(Yangtze) Riverreaches civilization and Chinese civilization, even has great influence on the global civilization. We summarized that thesoul of the south Dongting Lake Culture was Wetland Culture, Water Culture, Rice Cultivation and Chu Culture. Thethoughts, principles and approaches of sustainable exploitation and utilization of the wetland landscape culture were formulated and suggested.

  14. Starbucks - International Strategy and Way to Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Zábranská, Marie

    2006-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá analýzou mezinárodního úspěchu společnosti Starbucks. Příčiny tohoto bezprecedentního úspěchu jsou nejprve detekovány ve vnějších faktorech a v odvětví samotném. Následuje pozorování strategických kroků společnosti od založení až po mezinárodní expanzi a podrobná deskripce interních praktik společnosti. V analytické části je pak vymezen a aplikován model, který byl vyvinut na Bocconské univerzitě v Miláně. Jednotlivé předpoklady modelu jsou porovnávány s postupem spo...

  15. Update on the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer: focus on the cost-effectiveness of new agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vergnenègre A

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A Vergnenègre,1,4 I Borget,2 C Chouaid3,4 1Service de Pathologie Respiratoire et d'Allergologie, CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France; 2Etudes et Recherche en Économie de la Santé, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France; 3Service de Pneumologie, CHU Saint-Antoine, Paris, France; 4Inserm, U707, Paris, France Background: The incidence of lung cancer and the cost of drug treatment have increased dramatically in the last decade. This article examines the costs of new target agents, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs and anti-angiogenic drugs. Methods: This study uses PubMed research to focus on the topics of lung cancer, economics, and new targeted therapies. Results: The published papers only addressed TKIs and anti-angiogenic antibodies. For gefitinib, the results favored a clinical-based selection, despite the low number of studies. Erlotinib was studied in second line and as a maintenance treatment (with the studies reaching opposite conclusions in terms of cost-effectiveness. Economic analyses were not in favor of bevacizumab, but the studies on this topic were very heterogeneous. Conclusion: The economic impact of a drug depends on the health care system organization. Future clinical trials must include economic analyses, particularly with TKIs in the first line. Keywords: lung cancer, new target agents, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, anti-angiogenic, bevacizumab

  16. A NEW INTERPRETATION ON"THE LOFTY HEADDRESS" IN LI SAO%《离骚》“高冠”新解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翙

    2011-01-01

    作为屈原形象特征的“高冠长剑”,并不是诗人用以表示自己异于众人的服饰,其只是楚国的普通士服,但却有着通神的象征意义,是楚地祭祀文化的集中体现。在诗中“高冠长剑”具有双重含义,既指通神,又喻美德。%The lofty headdress and lengthwise pendent, which are always considered as the unique appearance of Qu Yuan, don't show that they are different from the other intellects' raiment. They are just the ordinary raiment of the intellects of Chu nation, which however symbolize the communion between human and divinity and represent the witchcraft and memorial culture of Chu nation. In Li Sao, the lofty headdress and lengthwise pendent possess connotations of the communion between human and divinity and virtue.

  17. Radioecological zoning in the Republic of Kazakstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first stage of work on radioecological zoning of the territory of the Republic of Kazakstan is at present finished. As result of work on zoning more than of half of territory is allocated for studying effects radiating factor. First of all it is territory of nuclear test' effects on Semipalatinsk site and other platforms of nuclear explosions. Moreover the significant part of territory of Kazakstan required study of pollution natural radionuclides. It is stipulated by that on territory Kazakstan there are such large uranium provinces as Chu-Sarisu-depression, Kokchetavskij Srednij Massiv, Chu-Ilijskaya province, by some valuations up to 30% of world stock uranium is concentrated there. It is impossible to ignore also technical effects under the radiating factor. On the territory of Kazakstan, where up to 40% uranium of former USSR was extracted significant quantity of radioactive wastes in a kind location of wastes of processing combines, radioactive fall of mountain developments and other places of storage was accumulated. For the majority of discard tail ground the valuation of effect of storage on health of the people and environment is not estimated. For the first time at ecological zoning all radiation both artificial and natural effects on the health of the population and environment had been discounted. Integrated parameter of radioecology zoning and intermediate parameters had been chosen and justified. On the base of these parameters all territory of Kazakstan was appreciated and territory with a various of radiation effect was outlined

  18. THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE CULTURE ORIENTATION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE SOUTH DONGTING LAKE WETLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HEPing; WANGBao-zhong

    2002-01-01

    Dongting Lake is internationally an important wetland.We summarized the conception,func-tion,classification and current situation of the wetland-landscape culture in this region.The results showed that the cul-ture of Dongting Lake wetland was rich in diversity,which are the Rice Cultivation Culture,high-balustrade dwelling,Nuo Culture,Ship Culture ,Dragon Boat Culture,Chu Culture,Ancient Architecture Landscape,Wetland Foodstuff and Cuisine Culture,Civil Art.Historic Heritage and Cultural Relics,Revolutionary Sites and Ruins,and Production and Living Culture,etc.We also evaluated the eco-tourism value of wetland landscape culture,and analyzed its features and orientation.The results revealed that the south Dongting Lake wetland plays role on the Changjiang(Yangtze)River reaches civilization and Chinese civilization,even has great influence on the global civilization.We summarized that the soul of the south Dongting Lake Culture was Wetland Culture ,Water Culture,Rice Cultivation and Chu Culture.The thoughts ,principles and approaches of sustainable exploitation and utilization of the wetland landscape culture were formulat-ed and suggested.

  19. Uranium, radium and radon level on territory of Western Mining-Chemical Combine of Mailuu-Suu town (Kyrgyz Republic)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: During realization of research work on International Cooperative Program in area of trans-boundary monitoring of the rivers between the Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and the USA (project 'Navruz') it was established that the possible source of contamination of the Aral Sea basin on territory of Kyrgyzstan can be a waste deposit of the Western Mining-Chemical combine (WMChC, Mailuu-Suu town). In particular, it was shown, that the uranium content in the Mailuu-Suu river near WMChC reaches 3.1·10-6 g/l, and on boundary with Uzbekistan - 1.8·10-6 g/l. It is necessary to note that the uranium content in potable waters of a Chu valley is almost one order higher, than in the river Mailuu-Suu. On territory of Uzbekistan in the Mailuu-Suu river the uranium content is 2·10-5 g/l, as well as in waters of Chu valley in Kyrgyzstan. The reasons of increase of uranium level on territory of Uzbekistan cannot be uniquely connected with the WMChC activity. Is this increase of technogenic or natural origin, is Kyrgyzstan a supplier of radioactive wastes for Uzbekistan or not? The report represents new materials on uranium and radium content in soils washed by waters of the river Mailuu-Suu and on the content of radon in the air around WMChC

  20. Energy transfer ultraviolet photodetector with 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes as acceptors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴双红; 李文连; 陈志; 李世彬; 王晓晖; 魏雄邦

    2015-01-01

    We choose 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes (Beq, Mgq, and Znq) as the acceptors (A) and 4,4’,4”-tri-(2-methylphenyl phenylamino) triphenylaine (m-MTDATA) as the donor (D) respectively to study the existing energy transfer process in organic ultraviolet (UV) photodetector (PD) which has an important infl uence on the sensitivity of PD. Energy transfer process from D to A without exciplex formation is discussed, differing from the working mechanism of previous PD with Gaq [Zisheng Su, Wenlian Li, Bei Chu, Tianle Li, Jianzhuo Zhu, Guang Zhang, Fei Yan, Xiao Li, Yiren Chen and Chun-Sing Lee 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 103309)] and REq [J. B. Wang, W. L. Li, B. Chu, L. L. Chen, G. Zhang, Z. S. Su, Y. R. Chen, D. F. Yang, J. Z. Zhu, S. H. Wu, F. Yan, H. H. Liu, C. S. Lee 2010 Org. Electron. 11 1301] used as A material. Under 365-nm UV irradiation with an intensity of 1.2 mW/cm2, the m-MTDATA:Beq blend device with a weight ratio of 1:1 shows a response of 192 mA/W with a detectivity of 6.5×1011 Jones, which exceeds those of PDs based on Mgq (146 mA/W) and Znq (182 mA/W) due to better energy level alignment between m-MTDATA/Beq and lower radiative decay. More photophysics processes of the PDs involved are discussed in detail.

  1. Salt-fish Economy and the Rise and Fall of Ba State%鱼盐经济与巴国的兴衰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗中玺

    2011-01-01

    在三峡地区,巫人、巴人、楚人、秦人因盐而上演了中国上古史上持续时间最长,场面悲壮惨烈的战争,虽然战争最终让巫国、巴国、楚国黯然地退出了历史的舞台,但这场战争客观上带来了文化上的融合。随着战争的升级和范围的扩大,各民族的政治、经济与文化也在连续不断的兼并与融合中日益壮大,从而促进了中华民族的统一。%In the Three Gorges area, the Wizard, Ba, Chu and Qin fought one another for salt. The time that the wars lasted is the longest one in ancient ages of China and the scenes of the war were cruel and tragic. Although eventually Wizard State, Ba State and Chu State had to withdraw from the stage of history, the objective effect of this war was cultural integration. With the escalation of the war and the expansion of the scope which was influenced, the various nations' politics, economy and cultural grow constantly during the progress of merger and integration, therefore it contribute to the unity of the Chinese nation.

  2. 武进蒋氏家学与蒋骥学术特色关系考辨%A Study of the Relationship between Wujin Jiangs’ Family Tradition of Learning and Jiang Ji’s Academic Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱闻宇

    2015-01-01

    蒋骥《山带阁注楚辞》是清代楚辞学的重要成果,与王夫之《楚辞通释》、戴震《屈原赋注》被誉为清代“鼎足而三”的楚辞研究著作。蒋骥在注本中所展现的重考据、求真求实的学术特色,常常被认为是乾嘉朴学的先声。蒋骥研注楚辞的学术特色的形成,一方面与清初学术风气的大环境相关,一方面又与蒋氏家学传统对其治学风格的培养密不可分。从武进蒋氏医家传统,蒋氏族人的博闻强记、擅文轻举业的天资,蒋氏几代人传承的自立立人的为学态度,蒋氏重视童子业、“共学”家学传统等方面考察蒋骥学术的生成,可以看到武进蒋氏家学对《山带阁注楚辞》学术特色的形成具有重大影响。%JiangJi’s Shandaige Annotation of Chu Ci is one important achievement in Chu Ci research .The book is famous for textual research and analysis in meaning .The book together with Wang Fuzhi’s Chu Ci Tong Shi and Dai Zhen’s Qu Y uan Fu Zhu was reminded as the most important Chu Ci researching works in the Qing Dynasty .The academic characteristics of textual criticism and positivism in the book are often considered as the pioneer of Qian-Jia Learning of Simplicity .The formation of the characteristics ,on the one hand ,is related to the academic environment at that time ,on the other hand ,is inseparable with the family tradition of learning .From Wujin Jiangs’ Chinese medicine tradition ,the talent of wide learning and a retentive memory ,being good at literature rather than imperial examinations and the independent at-titude in Jiang inheritance generations and the family learning tradition of paying attention to the children’ s’ study and cooperative researching ,it can be found that Wujin Jiangs’ family tradition of learning has a significant influence on Jiang Ji’s Shandaige Annotation of Chu Ci .

  3. 短波信道探测中多普勒频移的计算%Calculation of Doppler shift in HF channel sounding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘月亮; 蒋宇中; 张四起

    2012-01-01

    For the purpose of exact measurement of Doppler shift, based on the pulse compression technique, this paper di the theoretical deduction of the calculation of Doppler shift, in which the signal modulated by Zadoff-Chu sequence was used a the sounding signal and a simplified Watterson model was used as the HF channel. It obtained a calculation formula of Dopple shift, carried out the simulation, of the calculation result of the formula for the case of two paths. The simulation results shoi that the calculation result of the formula is right when the Doppler difference of the two paths is less than ± 0. 3 Hz. On the ba sis of this,made the simulation of Doppler shift* s effect on the pulse compression of Zadoff-Chu sequence. The results shoi that the effect of the Doppler shift which is less than 10 Hz is negligible, which affirms that Zadoff-Chu sequence is an appro priate sequence for HF channel sounding.%为准确获取短波信道探测信号的多普勒频移,把被Zadoff-Chu序列调制的信号作为探测信号,以简化的Watterson模型作为短波信道,采用脉冲压缩技术,对多普勒频移的计算进行了理论推导,得出了一种多普勒频移的计算公式,对两条路径时公式的计算结果进行了仿真.结果表明,在两条路径的多普勒频移相差小于±0.3 Hz时,计算结果较为准确.在此基础上,仿真分析了多普勒频移对Zadoff-Chu序列的脉冲压缩的影响.分析表明,小于10 Hz的多普勒频移对Zadoff-Chu序列的脉冲压缩的影响可以忽略不计,将该序列应用在短波信道探测中比较合适.

  4. 《郑子家丧》与《铎氏微》%On the Zheng Zijia Sang and Duoshi Wei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯时

    2012-01-01

    《郑子家丧》与《铎氏微》竹书《郑子家丧》是一篇战国时期的《春秋》学佚籍。全篇记述楚、晋邲之战的原因与经过,弘扬了楚庄王的霸业。其文本脱胎于《左传》,应属楚威王傅铎椒所作之《铎氏微》。此书见载于《汉书·艺文志》,久已失传,今复重见,具有重要的文献学价值。文中对竹书内容进行考释,并就其文本属于《铎氏微》提出证据。%The bamboo book Zheng Zijia Sang(the Death of Zijia of the Zheng State) is a history book belonging to the Chunqiu(the Spring-and-Autumn Annals) system and completed in the Warring-States Period.The rediscovered bamboo slips of this book are now collected in Shanghai Museum.The events recorded in this book are the causes and the process of the Battle of Bi between the Chu and Jin States which laid the foundation for the hegemony of King Zhuang of the Chu State in the Spring-and-Autumn Period.Its text was derived from Zuozhuan and might have belonged to Duoshi Wei(Subtleties of Mr.Duo) written by Duo Jiao,the grand mentor of King Wei of the Chu State.This book was cataloged in the Yiwen Zhi(Treatise on Literature) of Han Shu(Book of Han) but has been lost for thousands of years;its rediscovery is of great significance for the studies on the classical bibliography.This paper deciphered and interpreted the contents of the Zheng Zijia Sang and gave evidence for the proposition that it belonged to Duoshi Wei.

  5. The brain signature of paracetamol in healthy volunteers: a double-blind randomized trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pickering G

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Gisèle Pickering,1–3 Adrian Kastler,4 Nicolas Macian,1,2 Bruno Pereira,5 Romain Valabrègue,6 Stéphane Lehericy,6 Louis Boyer,4,7 Claude Dubray,1–3 Betty Jean4 1CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, 2Centre d’Investigation Clinique – Inserm 1405, 3Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de médecine, 4CHU Gabriel Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, Service d’Imagerie Ostéo-articulaire thoracique et neurologique, 5CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Délégation Recherche Clinique et à l’Innovation, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 6Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere – ICM, Centre de NeuroImagerie de Recherche CENIR, Inserm U1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC University Paris, Paris, France, Department of Neuroradiology, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France; 7UMR CNRS UdA 6284, Clemont-Ferrand, France Background: Paracetamol’s (APAP mechanism of action suggests the implication of supraspinal structures but no neuroimaging study has been performed in humans.Methods and results: This randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled trial in 17 healthy volunteers (NCT01562704 aimed to evaluate how APAP modulates pain-evoked functional magnetic resonance imaging signals. We used behavioral measures and functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the response to experimental thermal stimuli with APAP or placebo administration. Region-of-interest analysis revealed that activity in response to noxious stimulation diminished with APAP compared to placebo in prefrontal cortices, insula, thalami, anterior cingulate cortex, and periaqueductal gray matter.Conclusion: These findings suggest an inhibitory effect of APAP on spinothalamic tracts leading to a decreased activation of higher structures, and a top-down influence on descending inhibition. Further binding and connectivity studies are needed to evaluate how APAP modulates pain, especially in the context of repeated

  6. Microfacies of the Triassic limestones in the Izvorul Malului klippe (Rarău Syncline, Transylvanian Nappes, Eastern Carpathians, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Alexandra POPESCU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The Transylvanian Nappes belongs to the Central – East – Carpathian Nappes System (the Dacides Medianes which forms. The Transylvanian Nappes have a superior position in the Carpahian tectonic system that favored their fragmentation in the obduction process and slow gravitational decollement. This process makes difficult to establish the exclusively Mesozoic Transylvaniansedimentary series, especially because the majority of the litostratigraphic members occur only as isolated klippe in the Hauterivian-Aptian wildflysh filling (the superior formationbelonging to the Bucovinian Nappe of the Rarău Syncline.The allochtonous sedimentary succesion of the Transylvanian Nappes is almost exclusively represented by pelagic carbonate deposits. The amazing fossil diversity offeredmainly by the klippes of the Rarău Syncline facilitated the reconstruction of the Triassic lithological column which contains all stratigraphical terms confirmed by a rich paleontological material. The Upper Triassic carbonate deposits cropp out in few metric (Piatra Zimbrului, Popii Rarăului or submetric blocks (the klippes on the Cailor, Măceş, Izvorul Malului brooks,on the springs of the Timon brook etc. occuring in the Rarău Syncline. The studied limestone klippe is located on the left side of the Izvorul Malului brook, about 2,5 – 3 km up from his confluence with the Moldova river. The klippe which is almosttotally exploited consists of few white and gray limestone submetric blocks with Halobia. Microcrystalline carbonates are represented by muddy sediments accumulated in lowenergyquiet waters on the sea floor. The sediment consists of skeletal debris and unattachedprecipitates or of attached non-sketetal precipitates. The last two cases corespond to theautochthonous organomicrites and are characterized by common peloidal fabric. Theformation of peloids requires low or moderate rates of sediment input.Tethyan Carnian, Norian and Rhaetian carbonate

  7. Long-term safety and efficacy of Gamma Knife surgery in classical trigeminal neuralgia: a 497-patient historical cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Régis, Jean; Tuleasca, Constantin; Resseguier, Noémie; Carron, Romain; Donnet, Anne; Gaudart, Jean; Levivier, Marc

    2016-04-01

    OBJECT Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) is one of the surgical alternatives for the treatment of drug-resistant trigeminal neuralgia (TN). This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of GKS in a large population of patients with TN with very long-term clinical follow-up. METHODS Between July 1992 and November 2010, 737 patients presenting with TN were treated using GKS. Data were collected prospectively and were further retrospectively evaluated at Timone University Hospital. The frequency and severity of pain, as well as trigeminal nerve function, were evaluated before GKS and regularly thereafter. Radiosurgery using the Gamma Knife (model B, C, 4C, or Perfexion) was performed with the help of both MR and CT targeting. A single 4-mm isocenter was positioned in the cisternal portion of the trigeminal nerve at a median distance of 7.6 mm (range 4-14 mm) anterior to the emergence of the nerve (retrogasserian target). A median maximum dose of 85 Gy (range 70-90 Gy) was prescribed. RESULTS The safety and efficacy are reported for 497 patients with medically refractory classical TN who were never previously treated by GKS and had a follow-up of at least 1 year. The median age in this series was 68.3 years (range 28.1-93.2 years). The median follow-up period was 43.8 months (range 12-174.4 months). Overall, 456 patients (91.75%) were initially pain free in a median time of 10 days (range 1-180 days). Their actuarial probabilities of remaining pain free without medication at 3, 5, 7, and 10 years were 71.8%, 64.9%, 59.7%, and 45.3%, respectively. One hundred fifty-seven patients (34.4%) who were initially pain free experienced at least 1 recurrence, with a median delay of onset of 24 months (range 0.6-150.1 months). However, the actuarial rate of maintaining pain relief without further surgery was 67.8% at 10 years. The hypesthesia actuarial rate at 5 years was 20.4% and at 7 years reached 21.1%, but remained stable until 14 years with a median delay of onset of 12

  8. Data for iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis of Brassica napus leaves in response to chlorophyll deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu Chu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The essential pigment chlorophyll (Chl plays important roles in light harvesting and energy transfer during photosynthesis. Here we present the data from a comparative proteomic analysis of chlorophyll-deficient Brassica napus mutant cde1 and its corresponding wild-type using the iTRAQ approach (Pu Chu et al., 2014 [1]. The distribution of length and number of peptides, mass and sequence coverage of proteins identified was calculated, and the repeatability of the replicates was analyzed. A total of 443 differentially expressed proteins were identified in B. napus leaves, including 228 down-accumulated proteins mainly involved in photosynthesis, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, carbon fixation and 215 up-accumulated proteins that enriched in the spliceosome, mRNA surveillance and RNA degradation.

  9. Efficient Heuristic Based on Clustering Approach for OLSR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Choukri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the dynamic nature of mobile ad hoc network (MANET, the quality of service (QoS requires several improvements. The present papercomeswithin the framework of research to optimize QoS in MANET. In this paper, we propose a novel version of OLSR based on the clustering approach which is inspired from Lin and Chu heuristic and adapted to beimplemented inOLSR. We studied its stability and we compared its performances to those of standard OLSR. The metrics we used in evaluating network performances were average end-to-end delay, control routing overhead, and packet delivery ratio. Experimental results show that our alternative significantly reduces the traffic reserved to monitoring the network, which positively influences other performances such as throughput, delay, and loss.

  10. Transverse Matching Techniques for the SNS Linac

    CERN Document Server

    Jeon Dong Oh; Danilov, Viatcheslav V

    2005-01-01

    It is crucial to minimize beam loss and machine activation by obtaining optimal transverse matching for a high-intensity linear accelerator such as the Spallation Neutron Source linac. For matching the Drift Tube Linac (DTL) to Coupled Cavity Linac (CCL), there are four wire-scanners installed in series in CCL module 1 as proposed by the author.* A series of measurements was conducted to minimize envelope breathing and the results are presented here. As an independent approach, Chu et al is developing an application based on another technique by estimating rms emittance using the wire scanner profile data.** For matching the Medium Energy Beam Transport Line to the DTL, a technique of minimizing rms emittance was used and emittance data show that tail is minimized as well.

  11. Contribution of double-labelling scintigraphy to the diagnosis of pancreas tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general discussion on the pancreas is followed by an attempt to show the progress made in pancreatic scintigraphy, with regard firstly to the improvement of equipment and secondly to the discovery of a still imperfect indicator, 75Se-selenomethionine, the biological behavior, toxicity and dosimetry of which are studied. The 'research material' is then described, together with the working procedure as adopted by the CHU and the Paul Papin Centre. The results examined only concern observations for which a scintigraphic and anatomic comparison or failing this at least a reliable dignosis is available. Besides observations of cancers and false cysts of the pancreas some others are kept because they help to explain certain difficulties of interpretation of pancreatic scintigraphy. The discussion falls into several parts: - Different criteria for the interpretation of scintigraphs; - Diagnostic contribution of scintigraphy; - Exact place of this method in the positive diagnosis of pancreas cancers, then false cysts, by comparison with other means of investigation

  12. [Taxonomic status of the Burana virus (BURV) (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus, Tamdy group) isolated from the ticks Haemaphysalis punctata Canestrini et Fanzago, 1877 and Haem. concinna Koch, 1844 (Ixodidae, Haemaphysalinae) in Kyrgyzstan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    L'vov, D K; Al'khovskiĭ, S V; Shchelkanov, M Iu; Shchetinin, A M; Deriabin, P G; Gitel'man, A K; Aristova, V A; Botikov, A G

    2014-01-01

    Complete genome sequence of the Burana virus (BURV) was determined using the next-generation sequencing approach (ID GenBank KF801651). The prototype strain of BURV LEIV-Krg760 was originally isolated from the ticks Haemaphysalis punctata Canestrini et Fanzago, 1877 (Ixodidae, Haemaphysalinae), collected from cows in Tokmak wildlife sanctuary, eastern part of the Chu valley (43 degrees 10' N, 74 degrees 40' E) near Burana village, Kirgizia, in April 1971. Molecular genetics and phylogenetic analyses showed that the BURV belonged to the Nairovirus genus, Bunyaviridae and is related to Tamdy virus (TAMV) that is also associated with the ixodidae ticks of pasture biocenosis in Central Asia. Previous studies showed that TAMV is the prototypic virus of new phylogenetic Tamdy group in the Nairovirus genus. Thus, BURV was classified as a new virus of the Tamdy group, Nairovirus, Bunyaviridae. PMID:25549462

  13. Managing medical treatment waste and effluent: the point of view of a nuclear medicine practitioner

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear medicine department of the Nancy CHU hospital is one of the largest in France: 16.000 patients are welcomed each year and 4.000 persons undergo a tomography there. 5 shielded and isolated rooms, dedicated to Iodine131 treatment, allow the care of 150 to 200 patients each year. The head of the nuclear medicine department gives his meaning about the new regulation on the management of radioactive effluents. According to him, regulations are necessary but the values of the imposed thresholds have to be scientifically justified. Another point is that a lot of money is spent on radiation protection issues while the radioactive risks are almost null, which leads to wasting money. The elaboration of the radioprotection regulations must be made not as a whole but on a specific basis according to the domain: nuclear power plants, research reactors or nuclear medicine, it applies. (A.C.)

  14. Justin Bieber, do doc ao Instagram: a estetização da vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Tavares

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Alguns documentários biográficos de celebridades reafirmam um modelo de produção audiovisual que encerra a história de vida no show e na fama, articulando o tensionamento entre biografia, tecnologia, experiência estética e afeto. Tais imbricamentos são ainda mais visíveis quando considerada a fruição desta celebridade, “consumida” em outras possibilidades biográficas que remixa webvideos postados no Youtube e/ou fotos no Instagram. Para discutir estas questões, o artigo destaca Justin Bieber, tendo como ponto de partida o documentário Justin Bieber – Never Say Never (2011, de Jon M. Chu e o Instagram, em um recorte que privilegia a experiência dos desejos dos fãs.

  15. Velocidade de emergência e crescimento inicial de cultivares de arroz irrigado influenciando a competitividade com as plantas daninhas Emergence and early growth of flooded rice cultivars influencing the competitive ability with weeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Balbinot Jr.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de cultivares de arroz com elevada habilidade competitiva constitui-se numa alternativa para minimizar os efeitos adversos das plantas daninhas sobre a produção das culturas; assim, a rapidez de emergência e a de crescimento inicial são características fisiológicas desejáveis, que aceleram a ocupação do espaço e a utilização dos recursos do meio por um cultivar, reduzindo dessa forma os efeitos competitivos das plantas daninhas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi de investigar variações nas velocidades de emergência e de crescimento inicial de plantas de diferentes cultivares de arroz irrigado. Para isso, foram conduzidos dois experimentos em vasos durante o verão de 1999/2000. Os cultivares avaliados foram: Bluebelle, BR IRGA 410, BRS Chuí, BRS Ligerinho, BRS Taim, CICA 8, EEA 406, El Paso L 144, EPAGRI 108, IAS 12-9 Formosa, IR 841, IRGA 417, IRGA 418, IRGA 421 e XL 6. Avaliou-se a velocidade de emergência até os 10 dias após a semeadura (DAS. A velocidade de crescimento inicial foi caracterizada pelas variáveis área foliar, estádio de desenvolvimento, estatura e fitomassa seca da parte aérea e do sistema radicular, determinadas em duas épocas: aos 14 e 24 DAS. Os cultivares Ligeirinho e IR 841 foram os que mais se destacaram quanto à velocidade de emergência; em contrapartida, os cultivares Formosa e XL 6 demonstraram lenta emergência. Considerando conjuntamente as quatro variáveis relativas ao crescimento inicial de plantas, os cultivares de maior destaque para crescimento inicial mais rápido na primeira avaliação (14 DAS foram Ligeirinho, El Paso e IRGA 418, enquanto Formosa, Bluebelle e XL 6 foram os de menor crescimento. Na segunda determinação (24 DAS, posicionaram-se em destaque Chuí, El Paso e Ligeirinho, enquanto IR 841 e Formosa apresentaram os piores desempenhos em variáveis de crescimento inicial.The use of rice cultivars with high competitive ability can be a good alternative to

  16. The Transition of Cultural Ecology in Beidong District of Guizhou–A Case Study of Tianzhu Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing; ZHAO; Baoling; DONG; Yingzi; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Beidong minorities living together in Qingshui River valley are deeply influenced by Jing and Chu culture. Their ethnic and traditional culture was developed in the process of collision with foreign culture. In the several great social transformations,their cultural ecology was not imbalanced,but evolved and developed. Through the study on local knowledge of cultural ecology including agricultural production,ancestral hall and local- style dwelling house,full- scale drama and Yang Drama,genealogical system,marriage customs,religious belief,sacrificial rites and funeral rites,it is expected to reveal reasons and rules of transition of Beidong ethnic culture,favorable for correctly understanding cultural connotation and promote cultural and tourism development in ethnic minority areas.

  17. La recherche documentaire, c’est un outil. Comme mon stéthoscope !

    OpenAIRE

    Hery, Ludovic; Legendre, Olivier; Weill, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    L'utilisation du stéthoscope est de pratique plus que courante chez les médecins quelle que soit leur spécialité. Mais combien d'entre eux utilisent la recherche documentaire, combien utilisent un des outils phare de la recherche documentaire qu'est « PubMed ». Ne pouvant faire un état des lieux national, nous avons posé la question à l'ensemble des internes de médecine générale (IMG) du CHU de Clermont-Ferrand en 2012. Les résultats sont surprenants concernant la demande de formation. Nous a...

  18. Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlmutter, Saul

    2012-01-13

    The Department of Energy (DOE) hosted an event Friday, January 13, with 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter. Dr. Perlmutter, a physicist at the Department’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.” DOE’s Office of Science has supported Dr. Perlmutter’s research at Berkeley Lab since 1983. After the introduction from Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Dr. Perlmutter delivered a presentation entitled "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize." [Copied with editing from DOE Media Advisory issued January 10th, found at http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-host-event-2011-physics-nobel-laureate-saul-perlmutter

  19. A scheme for the detection of mixing processes in vacuum

    CERN Document Server

    Fillion-Gourdeau, F; MacLean, S

    2014-01-01

    A scheme for the detection of photons generated by vacuum mixing processes is proposed. The strategy consists in the utilization of a high numerical aperture parabolic mirror which tightly focuses two co-propagating laser beams with different frequencies. This produces a very high intensity region in the vicinity of the focus, where the photon-photon nonlinear interaction can then induce new electromagnetic radiation by wave mixing processes. These processes are investigated theoretically. The field at the focus is obtained from the Stratton-Chu vector diffraction theory, which can accomodate any configuration of an incoming laser beam. The number of photons generated is evaluated for an incident radially polarized beam. It is demonstrated that using this field configuration, vacuum mixing processes could be detected with envisaged laser technologies.

  20. The Quasi-Static Electromagnetic Approximation for Weakly Conducting Media

    CERN Document Server

    Heubrandtner, T

    2002-01-01

    In a conducting dielectric charge and electric field decay with a time constant tau_R = \\varepsilon/\\sigma. In a weakly conducting medium, as e.g. glass or melamine-phenolic laminate in use in RPC's, this time is about 10^{-3} s; so it is long as compared to the time the charge cloud needs to move through the gap and to the time the signal needs to propagate through a dielectric to the electrode. A quasi-static theory to deal with transient phenomena in weakly conducting media has been developed in Haus and Melcher (1989), Fano, Chu and Adler (1963); it simplifies the analysis considerably since it requires only the solution of a scalar diffusion-type equations in place of the time-dependent Maxwell equations. This little known theory is applied to treat the generation of signals in simple models for chambers with such materials.

  1. Reduction of PAPR and Efficient detection ordering scheme for MIMO Transmission Systems Using Power Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Sreevani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The technical challenges for communication engineers is the development of best performance wireless networks with negligible amount of distortions. We have to consider multipath propagation attenuation and radio spectrum inefficiency. Now a days, In MIMO (Multi Input Multi Output systems there is a huge demand for the networks with the high transmission rates and better quality of service which are having low PAPR ratio. Instead of OFDMA, filter banks are used in massive MIMO to reduce the complexity. But they are error prone to noise. This base paper discusses about PAPR reduction in MIMO systems using different precoding based OFDM systems. Mainly, minimization of multi-antenna systems by controlling the transmission power and reduction of PAPR using ZC (Zadoff-Chu matrix transform.

  2. Rigidity of complete noncompact bach-flat n-manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yawei; Feng, Pinghua

    2012-11-01

    Let (Mn,g) be a complete noncompact Bach-flat n-manifold with the positive Yamabe constant and constant scalar curvature. Assume that the L2-norm of the trace-free Riemannian curvature tensor R∘m is finite. In this paper, we prove that (Mn,g) is a constant curvature space if the L-norm of R∘m is sufficiently small. Moreover, we get a gap theorem for (Mn,g) with positive scalar curvature. This can be viewed as a generalization of our earlier results of 4-dimensional Bach-flat manifolds with constant scalar curvature R≥0 [Y.W. Chu, A rigidity theorem for complete noncompact Bach-flat manifolds, J. Geom. Phys. 61 (2011) 516-521]. Furthermore, when n>9, we derive a rigidity result for R<0.

  3. Robust Threshold Guillou-Quisquater Signature Scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hong; ZHANG Zhen-feng; FENG Deng-guo

    2005-01-01

    The deficiencies of the first threshold GuillouQuisquater signature scheme presented by Li-San Liu, ChengKang Chu and Wen-Guey Tzeng are analysised at first, and then a new threshold Guillou-Quisquater signature scheme is presented. The new scheme is unforgeable and robust against any adaptive adversary if the base Guillou-Quisquater signature scheme is unforgeable under the chosen message attack and computing the discrete logarithm modulo a prime is hard.This scheme can also achieve optimal resilience. However,the new scheme does not need the assumption that N is the product of two safe primes. The basic signature scheme underlying the new scheme is exactly Guillou-Quisquater signature scheme, and the additional strong computation assumption introduced by the first threshold Guillou-Quisquater scheme is weaken.

  4. Translation operator for finite dmensional electromagnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howard, A.Q. Jr.

    1981-04-01

    Computation of electromagnetic fields in particular applications is usually accompanied by the adhoc assumption that the field contains a finite number of degrees of freedom. Herein, this assumption is made at the outset. It is shown that if an annular region between two closed surfaces contains no sources or sinks and is isotropic, lossless and homogeneous, a unique translation operator can be defined algebraically. Conservation of energy defines the translation operator T to within an arbitrary unitary transformation. The conditions of causality, unitarity and energy conservation are shown to uniquely determine T. Both scalar and vector fields are treated. In both of these cases, frequency and time domain transforms are computed. The transform T is compared with the analagous one as derived from the time domain Stratton-Chu Formulation. The application to a radiation condition boundary constraint on finite difference and finite element computations is discussed.

  5. Natural Convection-Radiation from a Vertical Base-Fin Array with Emissivity Determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korada Viswanatha Sharma

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Experiments have been conducted to determine the emissivity for black chrome coated and uncoated aluminum surfaces. The emissivity of the surfaces is estimated considering combined convection radiation heat transfer and observed to be a constant in the range of 60 to 110°C. The combined heat transfer coefficients from black chrome coated vertical base vertical fin array of size 70 x 70 mm consisting of 22 aluminum fins with a fin spacing of 10 mm by natural convection and radiation has been determined at different heat inputs. Theoretical analysis of single fin geometry of constant thickness considering both convection and radiation has been used to predict the temperature distribution and heat flow. The theoretical values of heat flow estimated for a fin array is in good agreement with the experimental observations validating the emissivity of the surface. The experimental data is further validated with the equations of Nusselt presented by Churchill and Chu.

  6. MNSR transient analyses and thermal-hydraulic safety margins for HEU and LEU cores using PARET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal-hydraulic performance characteristics of Miniature Neutron Source Reactors under long-term steady-state and transient conditions are investigated. Safety margins and limiting conditions attained during these events are determined. Modeling extensions are presented that enable the PARET/ANL code to realistically track primary loop heatup, heat exchange to the pool, and heat loss from the pool to air over the pool. Comparisons are made of temperature predictions for HEU and LEU fueled cores under transient conditions. Results are obtained using three different natural convection heat transfer correlations: the original (PARET/ANL version 5), Churchill-Chu, and an experiment- based correlation from the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). The MNSR, either fueled by HEU or by LEU, satisfies the design limits for long-term transient operation. (author)

  7. Overview of guidelines for the prevention and treatment of venous leg ulcers: a US perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    White-Chu EF

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available E Foy White-Chu,1 Teresa A Conner-Kerr2 1Oregon Health and Science University, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR, 2Winston-Salem State University, Department of Physical Therapy, Winston Salem, NC, USA Abstract: Comprehensive care of chronic venous insufficiency and associated ulcers requires a multipronged and interprofessional approach to care. A comprehensive treatment approach includes exercise, nutritional assessment, compression therapy, vascular reconstruction, and advanced treatment modalities. National guidelines, meta-analyses, and original research studies provide evidence for the inclusion of these approaches in the patient plan of care. The purpose of this paper is to review present guidelines for prevention and treatment of venous leg ulcers as followed in the US. The paper further explores evidence-based yet pragmatic tools for the interprofessional team to use in the management of this complex disorder. Keywords: venous insufficiency, varicose ulcer, wound, compression bandages

  8. The point-source method for 3D reconstructions for the Helmholtz and Maxwell equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Hassen, M. F.; Erhard, K.; Potthast, R.

    2006-02-01

    We use the point-source method (PSM) to reconstruct a scattered field from its associated far field pattern. The reconstruction scheme is described and numerical results are presented for three-dimensional acoustic and electromagnetic scattering problems. We give new proofs of the algorithms, based on the Green and Stratton-Chu formulae, which are more general than with the former use of the reciprocity relation. This allows us to handle the case of limited aperture data and arbitrary incident fields. Both for 3D acoustics and electromagnetics, numerical reconstructions of the field for different settings and with noisy data are shown. For shape reconstruction in acoustics, we develop an appropriate strategy to identify areas with good reconstruction quality and combine different such regions into one joint function. Then, we show how shapes of unknown sound-soft scatterers are found as level curves of the total reconstructed field.

  9. A mathematical model of turbulent drag reduction by high-molecular-weight polymeric additives in a shear flow

    CERN Document Server

    Barenblatt, Grigory Isaakovich

    2008-01-01

    Drag reduction, or, what is the same, mean velocity increase in a turbulent flow at a fixed pressure drop through the addition of tiny amounts (several parts per million) of high molecular weight polymers (Thoms effect), is known already for more than sixty years. Rather long ago it was understood that this effect is related to supramolecular structures formed in the flow. Recent experiments by S. Chu, E.S.G. Shaqfeh and their associates, where the motion of supramolecular structures was directly observed, made it possible to understand and quantify the dynamic interaction of the polymeric structures with the solvent (water) flow. These results lead to the construction of a mathematical model of the Thoms effect, based on the Kolmogorov(1942)-Prandtl(1945) semi-empirical theory of shear flow turbulence.

  10. The calculation of angular and energy-angular distributions for n+D reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy-angular distributions for secondary neutrons and protons of breakup reactions and the elastic angular distributions of n+D were calculated by the computer code TSD which was developed by Chu and his co-workers from the three-body integral equations based on Faddeev-AGS theory. The results are compiled in the ENDF/B-6 format, and they are stored in the second version of Chinese Evaluated Nuclear DAta Library, CENDL-2. Their errors of energy conservation for breakup are less than one percent. The differential cross sections of the elastic scattering and the double-differential cross sections for secondary neutrons and protons of breakup reactions were calculated from CENDL-2, the results are in good agreement with the experimental data

  11. Clean switch: the case for prison needle and syringe programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Sandra

    2009-12-01

    In Canada and in many other countries, prisons have become incubators for the transmission of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Estimates of HIV and HCV prevalence in Canadian prisons are at least 10 and 20 times, respectively, the reported prevalence in the population as a whole--and prevalence rates have been reported to be significantly higher for people who inject drugs. Although people who inject drugs may inject less frequently while incarcerated, the risks of injection drug use are amplified because of the scarcity of sterile syringes and the sharing of injecting equipment in prison. Making sterile injection equipment available to people in prison is an important response to evidence of the risk of HIV and HCV transmission through sharing syringes to inject drugs. In this article, Sandra Chu explains why the government is obligated under international human rights standards and Canadian correctional and constitutional law to provide prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs). PMID:20225504

  12. Therapeutics and vaccines against chikungunya virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahola, Tero; Couderc, Therese; Courderc, Therese; Ng, Lisa F P; Hallengärd, David; Powers, Ann; Lecuit, Marc; Esteban, Mariano; Merits, Andres; Roques, Pierre; Liljeström, Peter

    2015-04-01

    Currently, there are no licensed vaccines or therapies available against chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and these were subjects discussed during a CHIKV meeting recently organized in Langkawi, Malaysia. In this review, we chart the approaches taken in both areas. Because of a sharp increase in new data in these fields, the present paper is complementary to previous reviews by Weaver et al. in 2012 and Kaur and Chu in 2013 . The most promising antivirals so far discovered are reviewed, with a special focus on the virus-encoded replication proteins as potential targets. Within the vaccines in development, our review emphasizes the various strategies in parallel development that are unique in the vaccine field against a single disease. PMID:25897811

  13. 奶粉风力输送的几个问题%Some Questions of Milk Powder Pneumatic Conveying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘殿宇

    2014-01-01

    现代奶粉生产趋于自动化生产。粉从干燥塔出来到粉仓也采用了无污染的风力输送,以粉量为1000kg/h的输送量阐述奶粉风力输送过程中可能出现的一些问题。%The modern milk powder production has the trend of automation. Powder from dry DaChu powder storehouse was used the pollution-free pneumatic conveying with powder quantity throughput of 1000 kg/h. The paper explained some problems that may occur in the process of pneumatic conveying.

  14. Testing the Gravitational Redshift with Atomic Gravimeters?

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2011-01-01

    Atom interferometers allow the measurement of the acceleration of freely falling atoms with respect to an experimental platform at rest on Earth's surface. Such experiments have been used to test the universality of free fall by comparing the acceleration of the atoms to that of a classical freely falling object. In a recent paper, M\\"uller, Peters and Chu [Nature {\\bf 463}, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometers also provide a very accurate test of the gravitational redshift (or universality of clock rates). Considering the atom as a clock operating at the Compton frequency associated with the rest mass, they claimed that the interferometer measures the gravitational redshift between the atom-clocks in the two paths of the interferometer at different values of gravitational potentials. In the present paper we analyze this claim in the frame of general relativity and of different alternative theories, and conclude that the interpretation of atom interferometers as testing the gravitational redshift ...

  15. Alteração na atividade de peroxidase e concentração de fenóis em microtangerinas (Citrus spp. infectadas por Phytophthora parasitica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ribamar Gusmão Araújo

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The present research aimed to characterize and evaluate species and varieties of small-fruited mandarins of Tanaka’s group (Citrus spp. with potential use as rootstocks, in relation to infection to the Phytophthora parasitica, by means of foliar determination of peroxidase activity and total phenolics content. It was used the following species: C. reshni Hort. ex Tan., C. sunki Hort. ex Tan., C. pectinifera Tan., C. crenatifolia Lush., C. amblycarpa Ochese, C. aurantium L, C. reticulata Blanco and C. limonia Osb. The Center of Citrus Germoplasm of Botucatu and Cordeirópolis provide all plant material. Four resistant varieties to the stem rot and root rot infections: Pectinifera, Crenatifolia, Sun Chu Shu (clone Kat 1004 and Cleopatra (clone 1 were evaluated. Susceptible plants infected by P. parasitica presented higher activity of peroxidase, while phenolics contents were lower in susceptible group.

  16. La prise en charge thérapeutique de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde et la place de la biothérapie

    OpenAIRE

    Hamahmi, Nadia; Toumi, Fatima Zohra

    2014-01-01

    Décrire la prise en charge thérapeutique de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde au niveau du service de médecine interne CHU Tlemcen par rapport à celle rapportée dans la littérature. Méthodes. Une enquête descriptive rétrospective a été menée sur les patients suivis pour PR du 1er janvier 2010 au 31décembre 2013. Résultats. 36 patients sont inclus, un sex-ratio de 0.24, un âge moyen était chez les femmes et les hommes respectivement 35.9±4ans, 61±10,3ans avec une durée d’évolutio...

  17. La prise en charge thérapeutique de la polyarthrite rhumatoide et la place de la biotherapie

    OpenAIRE

    Hamahini, Nadia; Toumi, Fatima Zohra

    2014-01-01

    Objectif. Décrire la prise en charge thérapeutique de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde au niveau du service de médecine interne CHU Tlemcen par rapport à celle rapportée dans la littérature. Méthodes. Une enquête descriptive rétrospective a été menée sur les patients suivis pour PR du 1et janvier 2010 au 31 décembre 2013. Résultats. 36 patients sont inclus, un sex-ratio de 0.24, un âge moyen était chez les femmes et les hommes - respectivement 35 .9±4ans, 61 ± 1 0,3ans avec ...

  18. Les facteurs associés à l'infection au cours de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde

    OpenAIRE

    Akasbi, Nessrine; Tahiri, Latifa; Houssaini, Ghita Sqalli; Harzy, Taoufik

    2013-01-01

    Les complications infectieuses sont redoutables au cours de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde (PR). Le but de notre étude est d'estimer leur fréquence et de déterminer les facteurs associés à l'infection chez ces patients. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective incluant les cas de PR établis recensés entre 2007 et 2011 au service de rhumatologie au CHU Hassan II de Fès au Maroc. Nous avons inclu 164 patients atteint de PR, l’âge moyen des patients était de 47,9 ans, avec une prédominance féminine (137 ...

  19. Atom Interferometers and the Gravitational Redshift

    CERN Document Server

    Sinha, Supurna

    2011-01-01

    Muller, Peters and Chu (MPC) claim that a reinterpretation of decade old experiments with atom interferometers leads to a sensitive test of the gravitational redshift effect. This claim has been disputed by Wolf et al (WBBRSC), who adduce arguments to show that MPC's claim is incorrect. In this Letter, we distill the arguments offered by WBBRSC to a single fundamental objection: an atom is not a clock ticking at the Compton frequency. We show that atom interferometric experiments conducted to date do not test the gravitational redshift effect. Our analysis is general and focuses on points of principle rather thanon the present state of technology. We then observe that it is in principle possible to use atom lasers to produce sensitive tests of the red shift effect at the Compton frequency. Such tests may become technologically realisable in the future.

  20. 战国文字中的盐字及相关问题研究%A Study of the Character "Yan 盐" in Warring States Period Writing and Related Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平安

    2004-01-01

    Based on systematically-collected data related to the character “yan 盐” in the writing of the Warring States period, the present paper makes the paleographic argument that the character“ ”in the inscriptions of Chu State slips from Baoshan is just “盐”. This is a character with associative compounds. It is made up of “lu卤” and “min 皿”, meaning making salt by boiling salty water. The exact identification of this character will much contribute to the understanding of the characters for “salt” in other writings of ancient China. The seal “ Xi (Xi) Yan Zhi Xi (徙)盐之玺”, i.e. “Seal of Salt Circulation”, was an official seal used in the course of salt circulation for the purpose to ensure regular salt trade and effective taxation and to avoid the repetition of tax levy.

  1. Geochemical indicators of gases formed under rigid thermobaric conditions in connection with problems of their classification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nesmelova, Z.N.; Gemp, S.D.

    1981-01-01

    Using the example of gases from deposits of the Chu-Sarysui basin in Kazakhstan we show the effect of rigid thermobaric conditions on the formation of the isotope composition of carbon in methane, which is characterized by par. deltaC /sup 13/ ranging from -2.01 to -3.4 parts per thousand. Methane richest in the heavy carbon isotope C /sup 13/ associates with nitrogen gas and is characterized by an isotope composition of the carbon of ethane close to ionversion composition. The noted features of component and isotope composition of the gas can evidently be explained by their connection with rocks containing dispersed organic matter and subjected to deep metamorphism. The material presented permits us to classify methane formed under rigid thermobaric conditions according to isotope characteristics and its association with nitrogen. The results of the studies provide a basis for predicting the composition of gases at great depths.

  2. From superoperator formalism to nonequilibrium Thermo Field Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Y.; Yamanaka, Y.

    2013-04-01

    Emphasizing that the specification of the representation space or the quasiparticle picture is essential in nonequilibrium quantum field system, we have constructed the unique unperturbed representation of the interaction picture in the superoperator formalism. To achieve it, we put the three basic requirements (the existence of the quasiparticle picture at each instant of time, the macroscopic causality and the relaxation to equilibrium). From the resultant representation follows the formulation of nonequilibrium Thermo Field Dynamics (TFD). The two parameters, the number distribution and excitation energy, characterizing the representation, are to be determined by the renormalization condition. While we point out that the diagonalization condition by Chu and Umezawa is inconsistent with the equilibrium theory, we propose a new renormalization condition as a generalization of the on-shell renormalization on the self-energy which derives the quantum transport equation and determines the renormalized excitation energy.

  3. Robotique et santé

    OpenAIRE

    Laumond, Jean-Paul

    2015-01-01

    Le 7 septembre 2001, le professeur Jacques Marescaux conduit la première opération de téléchirurgie sur une patiente hospitalisée à Strasbourg avec l’aide d’une équipe chirurgicale située à New York. Chartran Théobald, Ambroise Paré pratique la ligature des artères. © RMN / Agence Bulloz Le 15 octobre 2011, une équipe du CHU de Limoges conduite par le Pr Laurent Fourcade réalise une première européenne en chirurgie robotique néo-natale avec l’aide du robot Da Vinci. La société Intuitive Surg...

  4. Reply to 'Comment on 'Strong-field ionization of laser-irradiated light homonuclear diatomic molecules: A generalized strong-field approximation-linear combination of atomic orbitals model''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We acknowledge the criticism of the preceding Comment related to imperfect composition of our model 3σg molecular state [V. I. Usachenko and S.-I. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 71, 063410 (2005)]. However, we cannot agree with the authors suggesting this critique also as an irrefutable argument and evidence in support and justification of their opposite and incorrect (viz. inconsistent with relevant experiment) orientation dependence of N2 ionization rate calculated within the velocity gauge version of molecular strong-field approximation. We demonstrate that appropriately composed 3σg state (modified according to the Comment's critique) rather confirm the alternative calculation [A. Jaron-Becker, A. Becker, and F. H. M. Faisal, Phys. Rev. A 69, 023410 (2004)], which suggests correct orientation dependence of N2 ionization, contrary to respective results of the Comment's authors applying the same approach and procedure of 3σg composition

  5. The Fundamental Limits of Measurable Q Factor

    CERN Document Server

    Capek, M; Hazdra, P; Eichler, J

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes an analytical evaluation of the radiation Q factor of any separable system in which the vector potential is known. The proposed method uses a potential definition of active and reactive power, implicitly avoiding infinite entire space integration and extraction of radiation energy. Furthermore, the proposed method uses solely measurable quantities and is thus not influenced by commonly used, but ambiguous, separation into electric and magnetic energies. As a result, all the used quantities are finite, and the calculated quality factors are always non-negative smooth functions of frequency. The theory is presented on the canonical example of the currents flowing on a spherical shell. The fundamental limit, known as the Chu formula, is reformulated analytically without any approximations. These measurable limits are presented for both spherical TM mode and for TE mode in closed forms, including both internal and external energies. The asymptotic behaviour for electrically small and large ra...

  6. Conference-debate 'When nuclear science provides health care' - Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the occasion of the 2. issue of the 'Industry week, the 'French society of nuclear energy (SFEN) young generation' and the 'Women in Nuclear (WIN)' associations have organised in partnership with Nucleopolis and the Cherbourg-Normandie Techno-pole, a conference day on the topic 'why and how nuclear energy is used for cancer therapy'. Professors Jacques Foos, Jean Datchary and Denis Agostini were invited to treat this question. This document is the compilation of their 3 presentations: 1 - The discovery, principle and medical applications of radioactivity (J. Foos, CNAM); 2 - Cancer diagnosis and therapy with nuclear medicine (D. Agostini, CHU Caen); 3 - From diagnosis to therapy: the various radiotherapy methods (J. Datchary)

  7. Les Anémies Mégaloblastiques

    OpenAIRE

    DIB, Asma; CHERIF BENMOUSSA, Imene

    2014-01-01

    Le diagnostic des anémies mégaloblastiques est simple et repose sur le myélogramme. Elles sont liées à un défaut de synthèse de l’ADN, responsable d'une réduction des divisions cellulaires et d’une prolongation du cycle. Elles sont la plupart du temps d’origine carentielle (vitamine B12 et/ou folates), rarement non carentielle (toxique, autres…). La prévalence des anémies mégaloblastiques est de 4,24% au niveau du CHU de Tlemcen. Elle prédomine particulièrement chez le sujet âgé de p...

  8. On the evolution of word usage of classical Chinese poetry

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Liang

    2015-01-01

    The hierarchy of classical Chinese poetry has been broadly acknowledged by a number of studies in Chinese literature. However, quantitative investigations about the evolution of classical Chinese poetry are limited. The primary goal of this study is to provide quantitative evidence of the evolutionary linkages, with emphasis on word usage, among different period genres for classical Chinese poetry. Specifically, various statistical analyses were performed to find and compare the patterns of word usage in the poems of nine period genres, including shi jing, chu ci, Han shi , Jin shi, Tang shi, Song shi, Yuan shi, Ming shi, and Qing shi. The result of analysis indicates that each of nine period genres has unique patterns of word usage, with some Chinese characters being preferably used by the poems of a particular period genre. The analysis on the general pattern of word preference implies a decreasing trend in the use of ancient Chinese characters along the timeline of dynastic types of classical Chinese poetr...

  9. Performance of a standardized interrogation to improve the screening of Chlamydia trachomatis infection

    OpenAIRE

    Grandcolin, Stéphanie; de Hauteclocque, Astrid; Lafoscade, Anouk; Fritel, Xavier

    2014-01-01

    ButEstimer la performance d’un outil d’interrogatoire standardisé facilitant le repérage des patientes à dépister pour l’infection à Clamydia trachomatis (Ct). Estimer la prévalence de l'infection dans la population consultant en centre d’orthogénie.Matériels et méthodesEtude prospective observationnelle, incluant les patientes consultant pour une interruption volontaire de grossesse au centre d’orthogénie du CHU de Poitiers. Un prélèvement de l’endocol a été réalisé systématiquement après av...

  10. Determining Foundry Area of Bronze Vessel Using REE in Clay Mould Residues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The composition of casting clay core might provide clue to the foundry area of the bronze vessels. REE analysis of the residual clay mould was conducted by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES). Results reveal that characteristic of REE of clay mould from different region is dissimilar. It is feasible to restrict the possible foundry area of the bronze vessels on the basis of analysis of REE of clay mould residues on the bronzes. Meanwhile, this paper attempts to determine the foundry area of the bronze vessels unearthed at Jiuliandun tombs of Chu State, dated back to Warring States Period, in Zaoyang City, Hubei Province, and at Zuozhong cemetery, Spring and Autumn Period, in Jingmen City, Hubei Province. REE of clay core provides information on the foundry area of bronze vessels.

  11. [Self-help program: a new tool to facilitate the access to treatment for problem gamblers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeremans, M; Noël, X; Verbanck, P

    2015-01-01

    Shame, fear of stigmatization, denial, accessibility to and the cost of treatment program may explain why only a small proportion of problem gamblers sought clinical treatment. In the hope to overcome these barriers, the Gambling Clinic and Other Behavioral Addictions of C.H.U. Brugmann (Brussels) has developed its own self-help program for excessive gamblers. Our goals were to foster readiness to change gambling behaviors and when appropriate to facilitate the transition from self-help program to classical face-to-face clinical intervention. In a sample of 172 problem gamblers who participated, 40% had never sought help (e.g., clinical treatment) and/or never attempted quit gambling. Interestingly, for some, internet-based self-help treatment preceded their determination for seeking a traditional face-to-face therapeutic setting. Those results led us to discuss this program as a valid clinical tool within a broader health care setting in excessive gamblers. PMID:26164965

  12. Protons energy loss for laser fusion driven ion acceleration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. The anomalous generation of plasma blocks by interaction of petawatt-picosecond laser pulses permits side-on ignition of uncompressed solid fusion fuel following an improved application of the hydrodynamic Chu-model for deuterium-tritium. The new possibility of side-on laser ignition depends on accelerated ions and produced ions beams of high energy particles by the nonlinear ponderomotive force of the laser pulse in the plasma block, a re-evolution of the early hydrodynamic analysis for ignition of inertial fusion by including inhibition factor, collective effect of stopping power of alpha particles and the energy loss rate reabsorb to plasma by the protons of plasma block being reduced by about a factor 40.

  13. Efeitos de dieta e grupos genéticos sobre a composição muscular e o perfil de ácidos graxos em novilhas - DOI: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v25i1.2245

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanor Nunes do Prado; Makoto Matsushita; Jesui Vergílio Visentainer; Fernanda Barros Moreira; Nilson Evelázio de Souza

    2003-01-01

    Foram avaliados os efeitos de quatro dietas experimentais sobre a composição e o perfil de ácidos graxos do músculo Longissimus dorsi de 28 novilhas. As dietas avaliadas foram: i) milho e farelo de soja (Corn); ii) Casca de mandioca e farelo de soja (Chu); iii) farelo de mandioca e farelo de soja (Cme); iv) Raiz de mandioca e farelo de soja (Cro). Os teores de umidade, cinzas, proteína e gordura variaram de 73,95% a 76,26%, 0,97% a 1,10%, 21,37% a 23,90% e 0,75% a 1,28%, respectivamente. Ácid...

  14. Interpretation of Songyu’s Soul Evocation from the Perspective of Etiquette%宋玉《招魂》的礼制解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天佑

    2015-01-01

    历代以来,学术界对宋玉《招魂》所涉之魂主身份、招魂动机等争议颇多。从礼制入手考辨,可以认定《招魂》系宋玉为招楚襄王生魂所作诗篇,其起因则是楚国举行大田之礼,在狩猎仪式中,楚襄王不慎受惊,故而招魂。%There have been many disputes on Songyu’s Soul Evocation,including the identity of the soul owner and the motivation of evocation.From the perspective of etiquette,it can be concluded that it was written for evo-cating the soul of King Qingxiang of Chu dynasty,who was frightened in hunting.

  15. Traitement chirurgical des fractures articulaires du calcanéum par plaque vissée

    OpenAIRE

    Hammou, Nassreddine; Abid, Hatim; Shimi, Mohammed; El Ibrahimi, Abdelhalim; El Mrini, Abdelmajid

    2015-01-01

    Les fractures du calcanéum sont peu fréquentes mais le plus souvent graves. Le traitement chirurgical par plaque vissée est ardemment défendu. L'objectif de notre travail rétrospectif est d’évaluer les résultats du traitement chirurgical des fractures articulaires du calcanéum à travers une série de 12 patients opérée aux service d'orthopédie du CHU Hassan II de Fès sur une durée de 3 ans, et les comparer aux données de la littérature. L’âge moyen dans notre série était de 34 ans, le geste op...

  16. The role of EGFR-targeting strategies in the treatment of head and neck cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dequanter D

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Didier Dequanter, Mohammad Shahla, Pascal Paulus, Philippe H LothaireDepartment of Surgery, CHU Charleroi (Hopital Andre Vésale, Montigny le Tilleul, BelgiumAbstract: With its targeted mechanism of action and synergistic activity with current treatment modalities, cetuximab is a potentially valuable treatment option for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck who have progressed on cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The use of cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy as definitive treatment for locoregionally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck is generally restricted to patients unfit to receive cisplatin-based chemoradiation, which is still considered the standard of care. The effect of this epidermal growth factor receptor antagonist occurs without any change in the pattern and the severity of toxicity usually associated with head and neck radiation.Keywords: cetuximab, SCCHN, radiotherapy

  17. Managing medical treatment waste and effluent: the point of view of a nuclear medicine practitioner; Gestion des dechets et effluents issus de traitements medicaux: le point de vue d'un praticien de medecine nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karcher, G. [Chef du Service de medecine nucleaire de l' Hopital d' adultes de Brabois - CHU, 54 - Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) (France)

    2011-02-15

    The nuclear medicine department of the Nancy CHU hospital is one of the largest in France: 16.000 patients are welcomed each year and 4.000 persons undergo a tomography there. 5 shielded and isolated rooms, dedicated to Iodine{sup 131} treatment, allow the care of 150 to 200 patients each year. The head of the nuclear medicine department gives his meaning about the new regulation on the management of radioactive effluents. According to him, regulations are necessary but the values of the imposed thresholds have to be scientifically justified. Another point is that a lot of money is spent on radiation protection issues while the radioactive risks are almost null, which leads to wasting money. The elaboration of the radioprotection regulations must be made not as a whole but on a specific basis according to the domain: nuclear power plants, research reactors or nuclear medicine, it applies. (A.C.)

  18. Hernie de Spiegel: a propos dun cas

    OpenAIRE

    Karim Ibn Majdoub Hassani; Fatimzohra Zahid; Hicham Anoune; Imane Toughrai; Said Ait Laalim; Khalid Mazaz

    2010-01-01

    La hernie de Spiegel ou hernie ventrale latérale est une déhiscence inhabituelle apparaissant sur la ligne ou fascia semi-lunaire de Spiegel. C’est une entité clinique rare, représente 0.10 à 1 pourcent des hernies. Aussi, nous a-t-il paru opportun de rapporter ce cas colligé dans le service de chirurgie B du CHU Hassan II de Fès. Nous rapportons l’observation d’une patiente âgée de 60 ans, sans antécédent particulier qui présentais une tuméfaction para ombilicale gauche augmentant progressiv...

  19. Hernie de Spiegel: a propos d’un cas

    OpenAIRE

    Majdoub Hassani, Karim Ibn; Zahid, Fatimzohra; Anoune, Hicham; Toughrai, Imane; Laalim, Said Ait; Mazaz, Khalid

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: La hernie de Spiegel ou hernie ventrale latérale est une déhiscence inhabituelle apparaissant sur la ligne ou fascia semi-lunaire de Spiegel. C’est une entité clinique rare, représente 0.10 à 1% des hernies. Aussi, nous a-t-il paru opportun de rapporter ce cas colligé dans le service de chirurgie B du CHU Hassan II de Fès. Patient et observation: Nous rapportons l’observation d’une patiente âgée de 60ans, sans antécédent particulier qui présentais une tuméfaction para ombilicale...

  20. Planeamiento de la transmisión considerando seguridad e incertidumbre en la demanda empleando programación no lineal y técnicas evolutivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Andrés Bolaños Ocampo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a methodology for solving the Transmission Expansion Planning Problem considering single contingencies (N-1 and future demand uncertainty. To solve this problem, a specialized Chu-Beasley Genetic Algorithm (CBGA is used so that investment plans can be suggested. These plans are evaluated through a Higher Order Interior Point Method for Linear Programming or through a Predictor Corrector Method. Additionally, initialization of the CBGA is carried out using Non-linear Interior Point. The methodology is validated using three test systems from the specialized literature: 46-Bus South-Brazilian, IEEE 24-Bus, and a 6-Bus Garver system. Results demonstrate the validity of this approach to solving the transmission planning problem when contingencies are considered; which is attained by finding expansion plans of minimum cost.

  1. Tétanos compliqué de septicémie sur hémoglobinopathie majeure

    OpenAIRE

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; François, Lionnet; Canestri, Ana; Bellaud, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    Rapporter un cas de tétanos compliqué de septicémie chez un enfant souffrant d'une hémoglobinopathie majeure. Enfant de 9 ans drépanocytaire (SC), non vacciné contre le tétanos, a été admis au CHU YO pour raideur de la nuque, difficulté à l'ouverture de la bouche et hyperthermie. L'examen à son admission notait un syndrome infectieux avec une hyperthermie (température à 39°1C), Pouls = 100/mn, Fréquence cardiaque = 100batt/mn, fréquence respiratoire = 30cycles/mn, poids =22Kg, un trismus, une...

  2. Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Q

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Wu Q, Chu M. Self-illuminating quantum dots for highly sensitive in vivo real-time luminescent mapping of sentinel lymph nodes. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:3433–3443.The following sentence on page 3433 was incorrect in the published paper:"Here, we report on the first use of self-illuminating QDs for mouse axillary SLN mapping by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, which was found to overcome these limitations."The correct sentence should read:"Here, we report on the use of self-illuminating 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped CdTe/CdS QDs for mouse axillary SLN mapping by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, which was found to overcome these limitations."Read the original article

  3. Características físico-químicas da carcaça e da carne de novilhas submetidas ao anestro cirúrgico ou mecânico terminadas em confinamento Carcass and meat traits of feedlot finished heifers submitted to surgical or mechanical anoestrous

    OpenAIRE

    Jair de Araújo Marques; Ivanor Nunes do Prado; José Luiz Moletta; Ivor Martin do Prado; Juliana Martin do Prado; Lívia Maria Araújo Macedo; Nilson Evelázio de Souza; Makoto Matsushita

    2006-01-01

    Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o efeito da simulação da prenhez (introdução de 100 esferas de chumbo no útero - CHU) e da ovariectomia (retirada dos ovários - OVA) sobre as características físico-químicas da carcaça e da carne de novilhas. Foram utilizadas 19 novilhas mestiças (½ Nelore x ½ Red Angus), com 18 meses de idade e peso médio inicial de 257,8 kg, terminadas em confinamento recebendo uma dieta à base de silagem de milho (41%) e farelo de soja e milho (59%). O p...

  4. An investigation into the Gustafsson limit for small planar antennas using optimisation

    CERN Document Server

    Shahpari, Morteza; Lewis, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    The fundamental limit for small antennas provides a guide to the effectiveness of designs. Gustafsson et al, Yaghjian et al, and Mohammadpour-Aghdam et al independently deduced a variation of the Chu-Harrington limit for planar antennas in different forms. Using a multi-parameter optimisation technique based on the ant colony algorithm, planar, meander dipole antenna designs were selected on the basis of lowest resonant frequency and maximum radiation efficiency. The optimal antenna designs across the spectrum from 570 to 1750 MHz occupying an area of $56mm \\times 25mm$ were compared with these limits calculated using the polarizability tensor. The results were compared with Sievenpiper's comparison of published planar antenna properties. The optimised antennas have greater than 90% polarizability compared to the containing conductive box in the range $0.3

  5. How can blogging during internship strengthen student reflections within their own professional competencies?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    to growing Portfolio of skills in a global society. To blog during internships has been recommended in other University College settings as a tool for learning due to its associated usefulness in collaborative learning, reflection, communication, and social support (Kwan et al., 2009, Chu et al...... competencies and employability • to understand the profession Global Nutrition & Health • to support and strengthen competencies within social media and health communication • to inspire other students to intern......Title: How can blogging during internship strengthen student reflections within their own professional competencies? Global Nutrition & Health; BA education Denmark Bachelor´s Degree in Global Nutrition & Health is a 3½ year BA program. The education is part of Metropolitan University College and...

  6. Radiation therapy in differentiated cancers of thyroid. A report on 10 year experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    More than 800 cases of differentiated cancers of thyroid were selected at the service of radioisotopes of CHU Avicenne, RABAT, during a period of more than 13 years. The ages situate between the extremes 5 years and longer than 85 years, while more than 2/3 of patients are females. Almost 300 patients have received a cure of radiotherapy with 100 mCi of iodine 131. Less than 10% of them have benefited by a second cure. We deplore 4 deceases in our series. The goal of this work is to report the experience of our service in radiotherapy, which recorded an important impetus since the last ten years in spite of all the administrative constraints which this therapy technique implies (costs - importation...) and which limits its generalization to all the patients lacking social support

  7. Naissance d’une nation à Taiwan ?

    OpenAIRE

    Muyard, Frank

    2007-01-01

    Le 20 mars 2004, le Président Chen Shui-bian et sa colistière Lü Hsiu-lien, candidats du Parti démocrate progressiste (Minjindang, PDP) ont été réélus à la présidence de la République de Chine face à Lien Chan, président du Parti Nationaliste chinois ou Kuomintang (KMT) et son colistier, Soong Chu-yu, président du Parti du peuple (Qinmindang, People First Party en anglais, PFP). La marge de la victoire fut des plus étroites, à peine plus de 29 500 voix d’écart, soit 0,22 % des votants. Cette ...

  8. Letter of Appreciation to 2004 Journal of Optical Networking Reviewers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-02-01

    The international scientific and engineering professions rely on the work of countless reviewers to ensure the quality of the research published in technical journals. Like all such journals, JON benefits from the tireless efforts of these volunteers. Below is a list of 2004 JON reviewers who have agreed to have their names published. We sincerely thank these reviewers, as well as those not listed, for their assistance to JON and praise them for their dedication to their profession. The system simply would not work without them. Charalambos Anastassiou Ivan Andonovic Nirwan Ansari Chris Bintjas Martin Birk Zoran Bojkovic Xiren Cao Yang Cao Calvin C.K. Chan Yongmao Chang Yang Chen Kwok-Wai Cheung Nim-Kwan Cheung Su Fong Chien Wilson Chu Yun Chung Tibor Cinkler Ignacio de Miguel Jiun S. Deng Jitender Deogun H.J.S. Dorren Mark Feuer Samrat Ganguly

  9. An Algebraic Graphical Model for Decision with Uncertainties, Feasibilities, and Utilities

    CERN Document Server

    Pralet, C; Verfaillie, G; 10.1613/jair.2151

    2011-01-01

    Numerous formalisms and dedicated algorithms have been designed in the last decades to model and solve decision making problems. Some formalisms, such as constraint networks, can express "simple" decision problems, while others are designed to take into account uncertainties, unfeasible decisions, and utilities. Even in a single formalism, several variants are often proposed to model different types of uncertainty (probability, possibility...) or utility (additive or not). In this article, we introduce an algebraic graphical model that encompasses a large number of such formalisms: (1) we first adapt previous structures from Friedman, Chu and Halpern for representing uncertainty, utility, and expected utility in order to deal with generic forms of sequential decision making; (2) on these structures, we then introduce composite graphical models that express information via variables linked by "local" functions, thanks to conditional independence; (3) on these graphical models, we finally define a simple class ...

  10. Minimum Q Electrically Small Spherical Magnetic Dipole Antenna - Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2009-01-01

    Practical aspects of applying a magnetic core to approach the Chu lower bound for the radiation Q factor of an electrically small magnetic dipole antenna are considered. It is shown that although a magnetic core does reduce the Q factor, its effect is not as strong as predicted by Wheeler. This is...... due to the fact that a finite size magnetic core supports multiple internal resonances, which spoil the Q factor also away from exact resonance frequencies; and in a worst case they can even significantly increase Q. The resonances in question are not only those of the TE10 spherical mode, but also...... resonances of all other modes that are not sufficiently suppressed in the antenna. Numerical results for a 4-arm spherical helix antenna filled with magnetic material demonstrate the destroying effect of the parasitic TM11 mode on the antenna Q factor. Theoretical considerations as well as numerical results...

  11. Intra- and inter-laboratory validation of an innovative huFcεRIα-RBL-2H3 degranulation assay for in vitro allergenicity assessment of whey hydrolysates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knipping, Karen; van Roest, Manon; Kruijssen, Laura; Smits, Mieke; Teunis, Marc; Cox, Linda; de Jong, Niels; Simons, Peter J; Boon, Louis; Teshima, Reiko; Gros, Marjan; Kegler, Diane; Garssen, Johan; Knippels, Léon M J; Pieters, Raymond

    2016-06-01

    Cow's milk-derived whey hydrolysates are milk substitutes for cow's milk allergic infants. Safety assessment of these hydrolysates is crucial. Currently, huFcεRIα-RBL-2H3 cells, sensitized with serum IgE from cow's milk allergic patients, are used to assess in vitro residual allergenicity. However, limited availability and high inter-lot variation of sera impede the standardization of safety testing. Recently, we generated an oligoclonal pool of chimeric human (chu)IgE antibodies against bovine β-lactoglobulin (BLG) as an alternative for human serum. These antibodies demonstrated increased sensitivity, specificity and reproducibility. An inter-laboratory ring trial using our new degranulation assay with different whey-based hydrolysates was performed at four independent laboratories to investigate the robustness and reproducibility. RBL-2H3 cells expressing huFcεRIα were sensitized with our oligoclonal pool of anti-BLG chuIgE antibodies. The cells were subsequently incubated with an amino-acid based formula (AAF), two extensively hydrolyzed formulas (eHF) and three partially hydrolyzed formulas (pHF) to assess the degranulation upon challenge. Results demonstrated a very strong inter-laboratory correlation and the intra- and inter-laboratory variations were acceptable. The AAF and both eHFs showed no degranulation, whereas all pHFs demonstrated degranulation. The study showed that this degranulation assay is robust and reproducible within and between laboratories. This new in vitro degranulation assay seems predictive for allergenicity outcome and might therefore be considered as a relevant substitute for animal models. PMID:26921666

  12. Effect of photoperiod on growth and hydrocarbon content of Botryococcus braunii cultured in effluent from seafood processing plant.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tansakul, P.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The hydrocarbon-rich alga, Botryococcus braunii was cultivated in Modified Chu13 medium at pH 6.7. Growth of B. braunii was studied by using batch culture in 2L conical flasks with an initial algal density of 0.75 g dry weight/l under air-lift condition (air-1% CO2, rate of 7 l/min. The alga was incubated at the temperature of 25ºC, with light intensity of 120 μE/m2/s and diurnal illumination cycles under 12 hours of light / 12 hours of dark; 16 hours of light / 8 hour of dark and continuous illumination (24 hours. The best growth of this alga was achieved under continuous illumination with a dry weight of 11.97 g/l on day 14 cultivation. The highest specific growth rate was 3.6 per day and significantly higher than that of the culture under diurnal light cycles (P<0.05. Moreover, cultivation of Botryococcus braunii in effluent (nitrate 78 mg/l from seafood processing plant and adjusting effluent to a three-fold reduction in nitrate (nitrate 26 mg/l compared with synthetic medium (Modified Chu13 under continuous illumination were investigated. The highest algal growth was obtained in effluent with a dry weight of 13.61 g/l. B. braunii could reduce nitrate, phosphate and ammonia-nitrogen concentrations in the effluent by 73%, 74% and 79%, respectively. In addition, the hydrocarbon synthesis by the alga B. braunii was 34% of its dry weight.

  13. Management of traumatic events: influence of emotion-centered coping strategies on the occurrence of dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Brousse

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Georges Brousse1,2, Benjamin Arnaud1, Jordane Durand Roger1, Julie Geneste1, Delphine Bourguet1, Frederic Zaplana1, Olivier Blanc1, Jeannot Schmidt1,2, Louis Jehel31CHU Clermont Ferrand, Unité Urgences Psychiatriques, 28 place Henri Dunant BP 69, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 01, France; 2Univ Clermont 1, UFR médecine, Clermont-Ferrand, F63001 France; 3Hopital Tenon (CHU APHP 4 rue de la Chine 75020, France, INSERM U669Abstract: Our aim was to assess the influence of the coping strategies employed for the management of traumatic events on the occurrence of dissociation and traumatic disorders. We carried out a 1-year retrospective study of the cognitive management of a traumatic event in 18 subjects involved in the same road vehicle accident. The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD was made for 33.3% of the participants. The participants with a PTSD diagnosis 1 year after the event used emotion-centered strategies during the event more often than did those with no PTSD, P < 0.02. In the year after the traumatic event, our results show a strong link between the intensity of PTSD and the severity of the post-traumatic symptoms like dissociation (P = 0.032 and the use of emotion-centered strategies (P = 0.004. Moreover, the participants who presented Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire scores above 15 made greater use of emotion-centered coping strategies than did those who did not show dissociation, P < 0.04. Our results confirm that the cognitive management of traumatic events may play an essential role in the development of a state of post-traumatic stress in the aftermath of a violent event.Keywords: trauma, coping, emotions, peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder

  14. Two-color phase control of high-order harmonic generation in intense laser fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a time-independent generalized Floquet approach for nonperturbative treatment of high-order harmonic generation (HG) in intense onea (i) determination of the complex quasienergy eigenvalue and eigenfunction by means of the non-Hermitian Floquet formalism, wherein the Floquet Hamiltonian is discretized by the complex-scaling generalized pseudospectral technique [Wang, Chu, and Laughlin, Phys. Rev. A 50, 3208 (1994)], and (ii) calculation of the HG rates based on the approach that implies the classical treatment of the electromagnetic field and quantal treatment of the atom. The method is applied to the nonperturbative study of HG by the hydrogen atom in strong laser fields with the fundamental frequencies 532 and 775 nm and their third harmonics. The results show a strong dependence on the relative phase δ between the fundamental frequency field and its harmonic. For the intensities used in calculations (1x1013 and 5x1013 W/cm2 for the fundamental frequency 532 nm and 1x1013 and 3x1013 W/cm2 for the fundamental frequency 775 nm, the harmonic intensity being 10 and 100 times weaker), the total photon emission rate has its maximum at δ=0 and minimum at δ=π. However, this tendency, while valid for the first several HG peaks, is reversed for the higher HG peaks. The HG spectrum for δ=π is broader and the peak heights decrease more slowly compared to the case of δ=0. These results have their analog in the multiphoton above-threshold detachment study performed recently for H- ions [Telnov, Wang, and Chu, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4797 (1995)

  15. Thermochronologic constraints on the Miocene slip history of the South Tibetan detachment system in the Everest region, central Himalaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, M.; Hodges, K. V.; Van Soest, M. C.; Wartho, J. A.

    2014-12-01

    North-dipping, low-angle normal faults of the South Tibetan detachment system (STDS) can be traced for a distance of more than 2000 km along strike and represent an important tectonic characteristic of the Miocene Himalayan-Tibetan orogenic system. Nowhere is the STDS better exposed than the N-S-trending Rongbuk Valley in southern Tibet, where it can be traced down dip from the summit of Everest for a distance of over 30 km before disappearing beneath the valley floor. This places a minimum constraint on Miocene displacement on the feature in this area, but some research groups have suggested ~200 km of displacement based on the difference in metamorphic pressures across the STDS and the very low (sillimanite gneisses and leucogranites. Data obtained thus far indicate relatively rapid cooling of the footwall after the intrusion of deformed leucogranites at ca. 16.7 Ma to muscovite 40Ar/39Ar closure temperatures (ca. 15.5-14.2 Ma) and zircon (U-Th)/He closure temperatures (ca. 14.5-11 Ma). We attribute this cooling to tectonic denudation related to ca. 16 Ma STDS slip. Although the (U-Th)/He systematics of apatites from these rocks is complex, our current interpretation of available data places cooling through the ca. 75˚C closure isotherm at ca. 8-9 Ma, which would suggest a significant reduction in cooling rate that is observed in our inverse model runs of the 1D program, HeFTy. Ongoing analyses of footwall samples from ~8 km to the north of our Rongbuk sample localities in the Ra Chu river valley will greatly strengthen our datasets. With the Ra Chu analyses, our datasets will constrain the cooling history of the footwall for more than 20 km perpendicular to the strike of the detachment. Our presentation will also incorporate results from the program Pecube that will contribute to our calculation of the slip rate by specifying the appropriate exhumation rate.

  16. Energy transfer ultraviolet photodetector with 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes as acceptors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shuang-Hong; Li, Wen-Lian; Chen, Zhi; Li, Shi-Bin; Wang, Xiao-Hui; Wei, Xiong-Bang

    2015-02-01

    We choose 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes (Beq, Mgq, and Znq) as the acceptors (A) and 4,4',4”-tri-(2-methylphenyl phenylamino) triphenylaine (m-MTDATA) as the donor (D) respectively to study the existing energy transfer process in the organic ultraviolet (UV) photodetector (PD), which has an important influence on the sensitivity of PDs. The energy transfer process from D to A without exciplex formation is discussed, differing from the working mechanism of previous PDs with Gaq [Zisheng Su, Wenlian Li, Bei Chu, Tianle Li, Jianzhuo Zhu, Guang Zhang, Fei Yan, Xiao Li, Yiren Chen and Chun-Sing Lee 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 103309)] and REq [J. B. Wang, W. L. Li, B. Chu, L. L. Chen, G. Zhang, Z. S. Su, Y. R. Chen, D. F. Yang, J. Z. Zhu, S. H. Wu, F. Yan, H. H. Liu, C. S. Lee 2010 Org. Electron. 11 1301] used as an A material. Under 365-nm UV irradiation with an intensity of 1.2 mW/cm2, the m-MTDATA:Beq blend device with a weight ratio of 1:1 shows a response of 192 mA/W with a detectivity of 6.5× 1011 Jones, which exceeds those of PDs based on Mgq (146 mA/W) and Znq (182 mA/W) due to better energy level alignment between m-MTDATA/Beq and lower radiative decay. More photophysics processes of the PDs involved are discussed in detail. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61371046, 61405026, 61474016, and 61421002) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014M552330).

  17. Famílias palestinas no extremo sul do Brasil e na diáspora: experiências identitárias e aduaneiras Palestinian families in the extreme south of Brazil and in the diaspora: experiences of border-crossing and identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Fagundes Jardim

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nos parágrafos a seguir, para refletir sobre temas como a "identidade palestina" ou "a família árabe", tentarei demonstrar, a partir do estudo etnográfico de famílias morando em Chuí, o quanto a identidade territorial tem a ver com aspectos da vida familiar. Entre viagens de retorno (que introduzem jovens "brasileiros" no convívio com primos, tios e tias na Palestina, relações familiares (na diáspora, vínculos travados na cidade de Chuí e outras localidades no Brasil e no exterior, e acontecimentos internacionais recentes -- não será uma única explicação que dará a entender a recriação e a pertinência de uma identidade social calcada no reconhecimento de uma origem e um destino comum.In the following paragraphs, to investigate themes such as "Palestinian identity" or "the Arab family", and drawing on an ethnographic study of families living in Chui, I intend to demonstrate the extent to which territorial identity is intermingled with aspects of family life. Between "return trips" (that introduce young Brazilians to the daily life of cousins, aunts and uncles in Palestine, family relations (in the diaspora, relations forged in the city of Chui and other places in Brazil and abroad, and recent international events - there is no single element that can explain the re-creation and the relevance of a social identity based on the recognition of a common origin and destiny.

  18. The Appropriateness of Renal Angioplasty. The ANPARIA Software: A Multidisciplinary Expert Panel Approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) is an invasive technique that is costly and involves the risk of complications and renal failure. The ability of PTRA to reduce the administration of antihypertensive drugs has been demonstrated. A potentially greater benefit, which nevertheless remains to be proven, is the deferral of the need for chronic dialysis. The aim of the study (ANPARIA) was to assess the appropriateness of PTRA to impact on the evolution of renal function. A standardized expert panel method was used to assess the appropriateness of medical treatment alone or medical treatment with revascularization in various clinical situations. The choice of revascularization by either PTRA or surgery was examined for each clinical situation. Analysis was based on a detailed literature review and on systematically elicited expert opinion, which were obtained during a two-round modified Delphi process. The study provides detailed responses on the appropriateness of PTRA for 1848 distinct clinical scenarios. Depending on the major clinical presentation, appropriateness of revascularization varied from 32% to 75% for individual scenarios (overal 48%). Uncertainty as to revascularization was 41% overall. When revascularization was appropriate, PTRA was favored over surgery in 94% of the scenarios, except in certain cases of aortic atheroma where sugery was the preferred choice. Kidney size >7 cm, absence of coexisting disease, acute renal failure, a high degree of stenosis (≥70%), and absence of multiple arteries were identified as predictive variables of favorable appropriateness ratings. Situations such as cardiac failure with pulmonary edema or acute thrombosis of the renal artery were defined as indications for PTRA. This study identified clinical situations in which PTRA or surgery are appropriate for renal artery disease. We built a decision tree which can be used via Internet: the ANPARIA software (http://www.chu-clermontferrand.fr/anpariahttp://www.chu

  19. A low cost tele-imaging platform for developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kokou eADAMBOUNOU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To design a low cost tele-imaging method allowing real time tele-ultrasound expertise, delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis and tele-radiology between remote peripherals hospitals and clinics (patient centres and university hospital centres (expert centre.Materials and Methods: A system of communication via internet (IP camera and remote access software enabling transfer of ultrasound videos and images between two centres, allows a real time tele-radiology expertise in the presence of a junior sonographer or radiologist at the patient centre. In the absence of a sonographer or radiologist at the patient centre, a 3D reconstruction program allows a delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis with images acquired by a lay operator (e.g. midwife, nurse, technician. The system was tested both with high and low bandwidth. The system can further accommodate non-ultrasound tele-radiology (conventional radiography, mammography and computer tomography for example. The system was tested on 50 patients between CHR Tsevie in Togo (40km from Lomé-Togo and 4500km from Tours-France and CHU Campus at Lomé and CHU Trousseau in Tours.Results: A real time tele-expertise was successfully performed with a delay of approximately 1.5 seconds with an internet bandwidth of around 1Mbps (IP Camera and 512kbps (remote access software. A delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis was also performed with satisfactory results. The transmission of radiological images from the patient centre to the expert centre was of adequate quality. Delayed tele-ultrasound and tele-radiology was possible even in the presence of a low bandwidth internet connection. Conclusion: This tele-imaging method, requiring nothing by readily available and inexpensive technology and equipment, offers a major opportunity for telemedicine in developing countries.

  20. Energy transfer ultraviolet photodetector with 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes as acceptors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We choose 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes (Beq, Mgq, and Znq) as the acceptors (A) and 4,4',4”-tri-(2-methylphenyl phenylamino) triphenylaine (m-MTDATA) as the donor (D) respectively to study the existing energy transfer process in the organic ultraviolet (UV) photodetector (PD), which has an important influence on the sensitivity of PDs. The energy transfer process from D to A without exciplex formation is discussed, differing from the working mechanism of previous PDs with Gaq [Zisheng Su, Wenlian Li, Bei Chu, Tianle Li, Jianzhuo Zhu, Guang Zhang, Fei Yan, Xiao Li, Yiren Chen and Chun-Sing Lee 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 103309)] and REq [J. B. Wang, W. L. Li, B. Chu, L. L. Chen, G. Zhang, Z. S. Su, Y. R. Chen, D. F. Yang, J. Z. Zhu, S. H. Wu, F. Yan, H. H. Liu, C. S. Lee 2010 Org. Electron. 11 1301] used as an A material. Under 365-nm UV irradiation with an intensity of 1.2 mW/cm2, the m-MTDATA:Beq blend device with a weight ratio of 1:1 shows a response of 192 mA/W with a detectivity of 6.5× 1011 Jones, which exceeds those of PDs based on Mgq (146 mA/W) and Znq (182 mA/W) due to better energy level alignment between m-MTDATA/Beq and lower radiative decay. More photophysics processes of the PDs involved are discussed in detail. (paper)

  1. Daily baseline skin care in the prevention, treatment, and supportive care of skin toxicity in oncology patients: recommendations from a multinational expert panel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bensadoun RJ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available René-Jean Bensadoun,1 Phillipe Humbert,2 Jean Krutman,3 Thomas Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 André Rougier,6 Sophie Seite,6 Brigitte Dreno71Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, 2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; 5Centre of Dermatology, Hertford British Hospital, Levallois-Perret, 6La Roche-Posay Laboratoire Pharmaceutique, Asnières, 7Department of Cancero-Dermatology, Hôtel Dieu, CHU Nantes, FranceAbstract: Skin reactions due to radiotherapy and chemotherapy are a significant problem for an important number of cancer patients. While effective for treating cancer, they disturb cutaneous barrier function, causing a reaction soon after initiation of treatment that impacts patient quality of life. Managing these symptoms with cosmetics and nonpharmaceutical skin care products for camouflage or personal hygiene may be important for increasing patient self-esteem. However, inappropriate product choice or use could worsen side effects. Although recommendations exist for the pharmaceutical treatment of skin reactions, there are no recommendations for the choice or use of dermatologic skin care products for oncology patients. The present guidelines were developed by a board of European experts in dermatology and oncology to provide cancer care professionals with guidance for the appropriate use of non-pharmaceutical, dermocosmetic skin care management of cutaneous toxicities associated with radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy, including epidermal growth factor inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. The experts hope that these recommendations will improve the management of cutaneous side effects and hence quality of life for oncology patients.Keywords: skin care, cosmetic, dermatological toxicity, folliculitis

  2. O PAPEL DA CONFIABILIDADE NA REDUÇÃO DOS CUSTOS DE TRANSAÇÃO: REFLEXÕES ENTRE BRASIL, ESTADOS UNIDOS, JAPÃO E CORÉIA DO SUL [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20040302011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elio Ferrato

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 RESUMO Dyer e Chu (2003 desenvolveram um estudo empírico a respeito da relação confiabilidade entre montadoras e fornecedores automobilísticos nos Estados Unidos, Japão e Coréia do Sul nos anos de 1993 e 1994.  Baseado nos parâmetros apontados por Dyer e Chu este estudo tem o propósito de analisar a confiabilidade na relação fornecedor-comprador na indústria automobilística brasileira no ano de 2004, estabelecendo certa comparação com aqueles outros países. A confiabilidade nas trocas econômicas tem sido vista por alguns analistas como ativo econômico de valor em razão dos custos de transação (ex ante e ex post inferiores, os quais permitem maior flexibilidade para responder às condições de mercado em constantes mudanças e induzem a um maior compartilhamento de informações, que provoca melhorias na coordenação e estrutura de governança, juntando assim esforços para minimizar as ineficiências, fatos que sustentam duas das hipóteses do estudo.  Uma quarta hipótese que trata de verificar se quanto maior a confiabilidade entre as partes menores são  os custos de transação e melhor performance dos lucros não têm a evidência necessária neste estudo. Baseado nos dados do trabalho de Dyer e Chu, o objeto deste estudo é realizar uma análise qualitativa da relação entre uma montadora estrangeira instalada no Brasil e alguns de seus fornecedores de autopeças. Nas considerações finais deste trabalho  ficam reforçados os argumentos teóricos de que a confiabilidade reduz custos de transação nas relações de troca e incrementa o compartilhamento de informações na relação fornecedor-comprador. Palavras-chave: Confiabilidade; relação fornecedor-comprador; indústria automobilística; custos de transação.     ABSTRACT Dyer & Chu (2003 have developed an empirical study regarding the trustworthiness in the relationship

  3. Weibull Statistics for Upper Ocean Currents with the Fokker-Planck Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, P. C.

    2012-12-01

    Upper oceans typically exhibit of a surface mixed layer with a thickness of a few to several hundred meters. This mixed layer is a key component in studies of climate, biological productivity and marine pollution. It is the link between the atmosphere and the deep ocean and directly affects the air-sea exchange of heat, momentum and gases. Vertically averaged horizontal currents across the mixed layer are driven by the residual between the Ekman transport and surface wind stress, and damped by the Rayleigh friction. A set of stochastic differential equations are derived for the two components of the current vector (u, v). The joint probability distribution function of (u, v) satisfies the Fokker-Planck equation (Chu, 2008, 2009), with the Weibull distribution as the solution for the current speed. To prove it, the PDF of the upper (0-50 m) tropical Pacific current speeds (w) was calculated from hourly ADCP data (1990-2007) at six stations for the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean project. In fact, it satisfies the two-parameter Weibull distribution reasonably well with different characteristics between El Nino and La Nina events: In the western Pacific, the PDF of w has a larger peakedness during the La Nina events than during the El Nino events; and vice versa in the eastern Pacific. However, the PDF of w for the lower layer (100-200 m) does not fit the Weibull distribution so well as the upper layer. This is due to the different stochastic differential equations between upper and lower layers in the tropical Pacific. For the upper layer, the stochastic differential equations, established on the base of the Ekman dynamics, have analytical solution, i.e., the Rayleigh distribution (simplest form of the Weibull distribution), for constant eddy viscosity K. Knowledge on PDF of w during the El Nino and La Nina events will improve the ensemble horizontal flux calculation, which contributes to the climate studies. Besides, the Weibull distribution is also identified from the

  4. Rapid analysis of trace pollutants using laser mass spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI; Jie

    2001-01-01

    [1]Otsuka,K.,Kubo,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Diffuse electron scattering and “streaming” effect,Metall.Trans.A,1981,12:595-605.[2]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Kubo,H.,Diffuse electron scattering in β-phase alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1978,9:1075-1085.[3]Singh,J.,Chen,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Transformation sequence in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy at elevated temperatures,Metall.Trans.A,1986,17:65-72.[4]Sun,Y.S.,Lorimer,G.W.,Ridley,N.,Microstructure and its development in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1990,21:575-588.[5]Miyazaki,S.,Kawai,T.,Otsuka,K.,On the origin of intergranular fracture in β phase shape memory alloys,Scripta Metall.,1982,16:431-436.[6]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Naka,K.et al.,Superelasticity effects and stress-induced martensitic transformations in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1976,24:207-226.[7]Otsuka,K.,Sakamoto,H.,Shimizu,K.,Successive stress-induced martensitic transformations and associated transformation pseudoelasticity in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1979,27:585-600.[8]Shield,T.W.,Orientation dependence of the pseudoelastic behavior of single crystal of Cu-Al-Ni in tension,J.Mech.Phys.Solids,1995,43(6):869-895.[9]Sun,Q.P.,Zhang,X.Y.,Xu,T.,Experimental study of martensitic transformation in single shape memory alloy,Adv.Solids Mech.,1997,7:155-162.[10]Chen,Q.Z.,Chu,W.Y.,Hsiao,C.M.,In-situ TEM observation of nucleation and bluntness of nanocrack in 310 stainless steel,Acta Metall.Mater.,1995,43:4371-4376.[11]Chu,W.Y.,Gao,K.W.,Wang,Y.B.et al.,Nucleating and propagation of nanocrack in dislocation free zone in brittle material,Science in China,Ser.A,1995,38(14):1501-1509.[12]Chen,Q.Z.,Gao,K.W.,Gu,B.et al.,Nucleating,blunting and propagation of A nanocrack in DFZ of thin crystals,Fatigue Frac.Eng.Mater.Stru.,1996,21:1415-1423.[13]Nishiyama,Z.,Stacking faults in the martensite of Cu-Al alloy,Journal of the Physical Society of Japan,1965,20:1192-1121.[14]Lovey,F.C.,Van Tendeloo,G.,Van Landuyt,J.et al.,HREM imaging

  5. Prévalence de l'hépatite B chez les personnes infectées par le VIH à Parakou au Bénin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovonou, Comlan Albert; Amidou, Salimanou Ariyoh; Kpangon, Amadohoué Arsène; Traoré, Yacoubou Adam; Godjedo, Togbemabou Primous Martial; Satondji, Assongba Joseph; Wachinou, Ablo Prudence; Issa-Djibril, Fatioulaye Mahamadi; Fourn, Léonard; Zannou, Djimon Marcel; Gandaho, Prosper

    2015-01-01

    Introduction La co-infection avec l'hépatite B est l'un des défis majeurs de la prise en charge du VIH depuis l'amélioration de l'accès aux antirétroviraux en Afrique. La présente étude visait à estimer la prévalence de l'hépatite B chez les personnes séropositives au VIH à Parakou et décrire les facteurs associés. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude transversale menée de Mai 2011 à Juin 2012 dans le service de Médecine du CHU de Parakou. Ont été inclus tous les adultes séropositifs au VIH vus en consultation ou hospitalisés. Les données ont été collectées par interviews et dépouillement de dossiers médicaux. L'antigène HBs a été recherché par un test rapide et l'ALAT a été dosé. L'analyse des données a été faite avec le logiciel EpiInfo 3.5.1. Les proportions ont été comparées grâce au test de Chi-deux ou au test de Fisher au seuil de significativité de 5%. Un modèle de régression logistique multivariable a permis d'expliquer la prévalence de l'hépatite B. Résultats Sur les 744 sujets inclus on a dénombré 555 femmes. L’âge moyen était de 35,5 + 10,1 ans. La prévalence de l'hépatite B a été estimée à 16,9% (IC95: 14,3%-19,9%). Cette prévalence était plus élevée chez les sujets originaires du Borgou/Alibori et ceux au stade 4 de l'OMS. Conclusion La prévalence de la co-infection VIH/VHB au CHU Parakou est élevée. Le dispositif national de prise en charge et de prévention de l'hépatite B chez les personnes séropositives au VIH doit être renforcé. PMID:26097629

  6. A simple semipaced 3-minute chair rise test for routine exercise tolerance testing in COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguilaniu B

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Bernard Aguilaniu,1,2 Hubert Roth,3 Jesus Gonzalez-Bermejo,4 Marie Jondot,5 Jocelyne Maitre,5 François Denis,6 Thomas Similowski4,7 1Medicine Faculty, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France; 2McGill University, Montreal, Canada; 3Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône-Alpes, CHU Grenoble, France; 4Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Respiratory and Intensive Care Medicine, Paris, France; 5Clinique Universitaire de Pneumologie, CHU Grenoble, France, Grenoble, France; 6Boehringer Ingelheim, 7Université Paris, Paris, France Abstract: The functional work capacity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients is usually assessed with walk tests such as the 6-minute walk test (6MWT or the shuttle test. Because these exercise modalities require a controlled environment which limits their use by pulmonologists and severely restricts their use among general practitioners, different modalities of a short (1 minute or less sit-to-stand test were recently proposed. In this study, we evaluated a new modality of a semipaced 3-minute chair rise test (3CRT in 40 patients with COPD, and compared the reproducibility of physiological responses and symptoms during the 3CRT and their interchangeability with the 6MWT. The results demonstrate that physiological variables, heart rate, pulse oxygen saturation, work done, and symptoms (Borg dyspnea and fatigue scores, during the 3CRT were highly reproducible, and that the physiological responses and symptoms obtained during the 3CRT and the 6MWT were interchangeable for most patients. Moreover, these preliminary data suggest that patients able to perform more than 50 rises during 3 minutes had no significant disability. The simplicity and ease of execution of the 3CRT will facilitate the assessment of exercise symptoms and disability in COPD patients during routine consultations with pulmonologists and general practitioners, and will thus contribute

  7. Effects of candesartan cilexetil on carotid remodeling in hypertensive diabetic patients: the MITEC study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JP Baguet

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available JP Baguet1, R Asmar2, P Valensi3, S Nisse-Durgeat4, JM Mallion11Clinique de Cardiologie, CHU de Grenoble, Grenoble, France; 2Institut CardioVasculaire, Paris, France; 3Service d’Endocrinologie-Diabétologie-Nutrition, CHU Jean Verdier, AP-HP, Bondy, France; 4Laboratoires Takeda, Puteaux, FranceAbstract: In hypertension and diabetes, early structural changes of the arterial wall precede or support atherosclerosis. There is evidence that some antihypertensive drugs exert an antiatherosclerotic effect. Over 36 months, we investigated the effect of candesartan cilexetil (CC on the common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT vs amlodipine besylate (AML in patients with type 2 diabetes and mild to moderate essential hypertension. After a 4-week wash-out period, 209 patients were randomized to either CC 8 mg or AML 5 mg once daily for a minimum of 1 month, after which, if BP was not normalized, the dosage was doubled, followed by the addition of hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg if necessary. No significant differences were observed between the two groups for change in IMT at M12 (−0.001 vs −0.027 mm/year for CC and AML respectively, p = 0.425, at M24 (−0.033 vs −0.019 mm per year respectively, p = 0.442, and at the last visit (−0.016 vs −0.039 mm per year respectively, p = 0.549. Within the group, comparisons did not show a significant difference in changes in IMT from baseline to the three visits. At the last visit, IMT regression was observed in 52.2% of patients receiving CC and in 51.3% of those receiving AML (p = 0.908. The augmentation in carotid lumen diameter from baseline was statistically greater in the AML group at the last visit (p = 0.034. BP variations during the study were similar in the two groups. The results of this study show that CC and AML treatments may alter identically the natural progression of carotid IMT in hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients.Keywords: hypertension, diabetes, carotid, intima-media thickness

  8. Aspects épidémiologiques, cliniques, cytologiques et immunophénotypiques des leucémies aiguës chez les enfants: expérience du laboratoire d'hématologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire IBN Sina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doumbia, Mariam; Uwingabiye, Jean; Bissan, Aboubacar; Rachid, Razine; Benkirane, Souad; Masrar, Azlarab

    2016-01-01

    L'objectif de ce travail était de décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, cytologiques et immunophénotypiques des leucémies aigues (LA) chez les enfants diagnostiqués au Centre Hospitalo-universitaire (CHU) Ibn Sina et de déterminer aussi la concordance entre les résultats de la cytologie à ceux de l'immunophénotypage. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale réalisée au laboratoire d'hématologie du CHU Ibn Sina entre Juin 2012 et Mai 2014. Parmi 104 cas de LA diagnostiqués, 52% étaient des garçons avec un sex-ratio H/F= 1,32 et l’âge médian de 5,7 ans. La répartition des différents types de LA était: LA lymphoïde (LAL) (74%), LA myéloïde(LAM) (20,2%), LA biphénotypique(LAB) (65,8%). Parmi les LAL,78% ont été classé LAL B et 22% comme LALT. Les signes cliniques étaient principalement présentés par le syndrome tumoral (73,1%), la fièvre (61%) et syndrome hémorragique (50%). Les anomalies de l'hémogrammeles plus fréquents étaient: thrombopénie (89,4%), anémie (86,5%), hyperleucocytose (79,8%). Le taux des blastes périphérique et médullaires était statistiquement élevé pour LAL que pour LAM et LAB (p<0,001). Le taux de rechute et de mortalité était respectivement de 21,2% et16, 3%. Le taux de concordance entre les résultats de la cytologie et ceux de l'immunophénotypage était de 92,7% pour LAL et de 82,6% pour LAM. Le diagnostic des LA se base toujours en premier sur la cytologie. L'immunophénotypage nous a permis de faire une meilleure distinction entre les leucémies aiguës. La prise en charge des LA pédiatriques est un problème majeur qui nécessite les centres spécialisés. PMID:27516823

  9. Interest of corrective makeup in the management of patients in dermatology

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    Seité S

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available S Seité,1 P Deshayes,2 B Dréno,3 L Misery,4 P Reygagne,5 P Saiag,6 F Stengel,7 AM Roguedas-Contios,4 A Rougier11La Roche-Posay Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Asnières, France; 2Service de Dermatologie, Caen, France; 3Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France; 4CHU de Brest-Hôpital Morvan, Brest, France; 5Centre Sabouraud, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; 6CHU Ambroise Paré, Boulogne, France; 7Department of Dermatology, Buenos Aires, ArgentinaBackground: Disfiguring dermatoses may have a significant impact on patients’ quality of life, namely on their relationship with others, self image, and self esteem. Some previous studies have suggested that corrective foundation can improve the quality of life (QOL of patients with facial dermatoses; in particular, in patients with acne vulgaris or pigmentary disorders.Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the impact of the skin conditions of patients with various skin diseases affecting their face (scars, acne, rosacea, melasma, vitiligo, hypo or hyperpigmentation, lentigines, etc on their QOL and the improvement afforded by the use of corrective makeup for 1 month after being instructed on how to use it by a medical cosmetician during an initial medical consultation.Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine patients with various skin diseases affecting the patients’ face were investigated. The patients were instructed by a cosmetician on how to use corrective makeup (complexion, eyes, and lips and applied it for 1 month. The safety of the makeup application was evaluated and the QOL was assessed via a questionnaire (DLQI and using a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS completed before the first application and at the final visit. The amelioration of their appearance was documented by standardized photography.Results: No side effects occurred during the course of the study. A comparison of the standardized photographs taken at each visit showed the patients’ significant improvement in

  10. Obtención de plantas haploides en chile miahuateco (Capsicum annuum L. Obtaining haploid plants from miahuateco chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.

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    Marcelina Vélez Torres

    Full Text Available La regeneración de plantas haploides, es una herramienta importante en los programas de mejoramiento y estudios genéticos, ya que permite obtener líneas puras más rápido que los métodos convencionales a través de la duplicación de plantas haploides. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer una metodología que permita la regeneración de plantas haploides de chile tipo miahuateco (Capsicum annuum L.. Las anteras se cultivaron en los medios basales de Murashige y Skoog (1962; Chu et al. (1975, suplementados con 6-furfurilaminopurina (0.1-1 mg L-1, ácido naftalenacético (0.1 mg L-1, ácido indolacético (1 mg L-1 y ácido 2-4 diclorofenoxiacético (1 mg L-1. La embriogénesis se indujo hasta en 2.23% de anteras cuando se cultivaron en una combinación de 6-furfurilaminopurina con 2-4, diclorofenoxiacético (1 mg L-1 de ambos o de ácido indolacético con 6-furfurilaminopurina (0.1 mg L-1 de ambos. El análisis cromosómicos de las plantas regeneradas mostró que eran haploides con número cromósomico 2n= x= 12.Haploid plant regeneration is an important tool in breeding programs and genetics studies, since it helps obtain pure lines faster than conventional methods by the duplication of haploid plants. The aim of this study was to establish a methodology to regenerate haploid Miahuateco chili pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.. Anthers were grown on Murashige and Skoog (1962; Chu et al. (1975 basal media, supplemented with 6-furfurylaminopurine (0.1-1 mg L-1, naphthaleneacetic acid (0.1 mg L-1, indolacetic acid (1 mg L-1, and 2-4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (1 mg L-1. Embryogenesis was induced in 2.23% of anthers grown in a combination of 6-furfurylaminopurine with 2-4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (1 mg L-1, of each, or indolacetic acid with 6-furfurylaminopurine (0.1 mg L-1 of each. Chromosome analysis of regenerated plants showed that they were haploids with a chromosome number of 2n= x= 12.

  11. Use of alternative media and different types of recipients in a laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae = Utilização de meios alternativos e diferentes tipos de recipientes no cultivo de Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae em laboratório.

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    Lucia Helena Sipauba-Tavares

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis algae was evaluated by studying the biology of the species and its chemical composition in a traditional medium (CHU12 and in two alternative culture media, NPK (20-5-20 and macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK, in three different types of recipients (fiberglass, carboy and plastic bag. First peak in the growth curve of Ankistrodesmus gracilis occurred on the ninth day in macrophyte + NPK medium (74.16 x 105 cells mL-1 in a fiberglass recipient. However, highest density (p 0.05 in culture media in the three recipients. Protein and fiber were similar (p > 0.05 in the treatments, but lipids were higher (p O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os aspectos biológicos e a composição química da alga Ankistrodesmus gracilis em laboratório utilizando um meio tradicional (CHU12 e dois meios alternativos, NPK (20-5-20 e macrófita (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK em três diferentes tipos de recipientes (cuba de fibra de vidro translúcido, garrafões e saco plástico. O primeiro pico de densidade celular de Ankistrodesmus gracilis ocorreu no nono dia da curva de crescimento em meio macrófita+NPK (74,16 x 105 células mL-1 no recipiente de fibra de vidro, porém a maior densidade (p 0,05 nos três recipientes e meios de cultivo. Os teores de proteína e fibra foram similares (p > 0,05 nos tratamentos utilizados, já os de lipídios foram mais elevados (p < 0,05 no meio NPK. Os teores médios de nitrato, amônia, fósforo total e ortofosfato estiveram acima de 1 mg L-1 no meio NPK (p < 0,01. Os resultados obtidos neste estudo indicam a possibilidade do uso de meios alternativos como o NPK e macrophyte +NPK para o cultivo de A. gracilis em larga escala cultivados nos três tipos de recipientes, porém, em saco plástico o custo é baixo e ocupa menos espaço em cultivo de laboratório.

  12. Use of alternative media and different types of recipients in a laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.8046 Use of alternative media and different types of recipients in a laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.8046

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    Flávia de Almeida Berchielli

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis algae was evaluated by studying the biology of the species and its chemical composition in a traditional medium (CHU12 and in two alternative culture media, NPK (20-5-20 and macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK, in three different types of recipients (fiberglass, carboy and plastic bag. First peak in the growth curve of Ankistrodesmus gracilis occurred on the ninth day in macrophyte + NPK medium (74.16 x 105 cells mL-1 in a fiberglass recipient. However, highest density (p 12 (122.87 x 105 cells mL-1 in a plastic bag on the twelfth day. Cell density was over 70 x 105 cells mL-1 starting on the twelfth day. Growth rate of A. gracilis was similar (p > 0.05 in culture media in the three recipients. Protein and fiber were similar (p > 0.05 in the treatments, but lipids were higher (p -1 in NPK (p A. gracilis cultured in three types of recipients. Costs are low, occupying less space when cultured in plastic bags and in the laboratory.A laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis algae was evaluated by studying the biology of the species and its chemical composition in a traditional medium (CHU12 and in two alternative culture media, NPK (20-5-20 and macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK, in three different types of recipients (fiberglass, carboy and plastic bag. First peak in the growth curve of Ankistrodesmus gracilis occurred on the ninth day in macrophyte + NPK medium (74.16 x 105 cells mL-1 in a fiberglass recipient. However, highest density (p 12 (122.87 x 105 cells mL-1 in a plastic bag on the twelfth day. Cell density was over 70 x 105 cells mL-1 starting on the twelfth day. Growth rate of A. gracilis was similar (p > 0.05 in culture media in the three recipients. Protein and fiber were similar (p > 0.05 in the treatments, but lipids were higher (p -1 in NPK (p A. gracilis cultured in three types of recipients. Costs are low, occupying less space when cultured in plastic bags and in the

  13. ECONOMETRIC EVALUATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP ECONOMIC GROWTH AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN EU & TURKEY

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    Erygit Pinar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Unemployment, in Turkey as well as in the whole, world poses huge economic problems. When considering Turkey's economy with a continued growth but a sustainable growth trend that cannot be provided and cannot be avoided in unemployment. The concepts of unemployment and economic growth in the macro and micro level are the subject of many studies. Economists look for solutions to these problems that are faced by each country; unemployment, unemployment causes, economic growths are all concepts that are discussed. Turkey's population growth rate is high, investment and capital accumulation at the desired level cannot be performed, the quality of labor as a lack of economic and political instability, informal employment, the existence of inter-regional disparities, the lack of sufficient support in agriculture contribute to the many reasons such as unemployment, the foundation raised as an issue is caused to the end. One of the biggest problems faced by Turkey's economy has long been the problems of unemployment. Many policies have been identified and implemented to combat unemployment have been studied. High rates of growth to reduce unemployment are among the most important of these policies. The relationship between unemployment and growth for the first time was examined by Arthur M. Okun (1962. The main objective of this study with the participation of Croatia in 2013 with 28 member countries of the European Union and in Turkey for the period 2001-2011 is to examine and test the relationship between economic growth and unemployment is variable. Analysis Breitung (2000, ADF Fisher and Levin, Lin and Chu (2002 panel unit root tests, Westerlund (2007 panel cointegration tests are used. Breitung (2000, ADF Fisher and Levin, Lin and Chu (2002 tests taken by the series of first differences were stagnant. In addition, error correction model established between unemployment and economic growth Hausman tests were performed, and long-term parameters have

  14. Distribution of Phylogenetic Groups among Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from Bovine in Heilongjiang%黑龙江奶牛肠外致病大肠埃希菌种系分类群研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟春玉; 曹宏伟; 朱战波; 刘振华; 崔玉东

    2013-01-01

    研究黑龙江省奶牛主要肠外致病(奶牛乳房炎、子宫内膜炎)大肠埃希菌的种系分类群。用PCR扩增具有种系分类群标记的chuA、yjaA基因和TSPE4.C2 DNA片段的方法,对黑龙江省84株来源于奶牛乳房炎和41株来源于奶牛子宫内膜炎的大肠埃希菌进行种系进化群分类。奶牛乳房炎所检测菌株中A进化种系群占11.90%。B1种系进化群占88.10%。奶牛子宫内膜炎所检测菌株中A种系进化群占14.63%,B1种系进化亚群占85.37%。未检测到属于B2和D群的肠外强毒力株。大肠杆菌分离株接种小鼠剖检可见明显病变。通过遗传进化分析,引起黑龙江奶牛肠外致病大肠埃希菌主要属于B1种系进化群,为奶牛乳房炎和子宫内膜炎疫苗的研制提供理论依据。%Researched distribution of phylogenetic groups among extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from bovine mastitis,Bovine endometritis in Heilongjiang. 84 E.coli isdates from bovine mastitis and 41 E.coli isdates from Bovine endometritis in Heilongjiang were PCR amplified for genetic markers of chuA,yjaA and TSPE4.C2. The result showed that 11.90% E.coli isolates belonged to group A and 88.10%to group B1 from bovine mastitis,14.63%E.coli isolates belonged to group A and 85.37%to group B1 from Bovine endometritis,no-one belonged to B2 and D groups. Obviously pathological changes were observed in internal organs of dissected experiment mouse. Extraintestinal pathogenic E.coli isolates from bovine for the predominant Phylogenetic group was group B1,this research provided a theoretical basis to prepare bovine mastitis and endometritis vaccine.

  15. [Analysis of a series of 44 cases of peritoneal tuberculosis diagnosed in the pathology laboratory of the Tokoin teaching hospital of Lomé (1993-2014)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darré, T; Tchaou, M; Sonhaye, L; Patassi, A A; Kanassoua, K; Tchangai, B; Amegbor, K; Napo-Koura, G

    2015-12-01

    It is a descriptive and cross-sectional study on all issues relating to peritoneal tuberculosis histological diagnosed in the pathology department (LAP) of the Lomé Tokoin CHU from January 1993 to December 2014 (20 years). A total of 44 cases of peritoneal tuberculosis were included. They were 18 women and 26 men, with a mean age of 37.6±0.2 years. The circumstances of discovery were dominated by ascites (84.1%), fever (75%), weight loss (63.6%) and abdominal pain (59.1%). The peritoneal involvement was isolated in 31.8% of cases, and associated with pleuropulmonary tuberculosis in 54.5% of cases. Co-infection with HIV was present in 63.9% of cases. Twenty-five patients (69.4%) with information about their social conditions had low socioeconomic level: unemployed (10 cases; 40%), workers (10 cases; 40%) and retired (5 cases; 20%). An increase in cell count was observed in 94.6% of cases. Histology revealed the epithelial giant cell granuloma associated with caseous necrosis in 38 cases (86.4%) and cheesy isolated in 6 patients. Peritoneal tuberculosis is not exceptional in our country. The diagnosis should be considered in febrile ascites, and will be confirmed by laparoscopy with histological samples for a histological diagnosis. PMID:26608272

  16. Asian Highlands Perspectives Six

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Brag 'go Wolf Begging Ritual (Spyang sprang by Author Mgon po tshe ring Local History in A mdo: The Tsong kha Range (Ri rgyud by Gray Tuttle Stag rig Tibetan Village: Hair Changing and Marriage by 'brug mo skyid, Charles Kevin Stuart, Alexandru Anton-Luca, and Steve Frediani Sustainable Development of Monastic Tourism in Tibetan Areas by Pad ma 'tsho Matrilineal Marriage in Tibetan Areas In Western Sìchuān Province by Feng Min Collecting Water From the Yellow River by Tshe ring mtsho and Tshe-ring-bsam-grub Review-Hartley, L and P Schiaffini-Vedani (eds. 2008. Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change by Timothy Thurston Review-Wu Yazhi 吴雅芝. 2006. Zui hou de chuanshuo: elunchun zu wenhua yanjiu 最后的传说:鄂伦春族文化研 (The Final Legend: Research on Oroqen Culture by Anne Henochowicz Story-A Bleeding Watermelon by Nor bzang Folktale-The King of Seven Seeds by Bsod nams rgyal mtshan A New Investigation of the Geographic Position of the Báilán Capital of the Tŭyùhún by Zhu Shìkuí and Chéng Qĭjùn

  17. The sea-level highstand correlated to marine isotope stage (MIS) 7 in the coastal plain of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Renato P; Dillenburg, Sergio R; Schultz, Cesar L; Ferigolo, Jorge; Ribeiro, Ana Maria; Pereira, Jamil C; Holanda, Elizete C; Pitana, Vanessa G; Kerber, Leonardo

    2014-12-01

    The coastal plain of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in southern Brazil, includes four barrier-lagoon depositional systems formed by successive Quaternary sea-level highstands that were correlated to marine isotope stages (MIS) 11, 9, 5 and 1, despite the scarcity of absolute ages. This study describes a sea-level highstand older than MIS 5, based on the stratigraphy, ages and fossils of the shallow marine facies found in coastal barrier (Barrier II). This facies outcrops along the banks of Chuí Creek, it is composed of fine, well-sorted quartz sand and contains ichnofossils Ophiomorpha nodosa and Rosselia sp., and molluscan shells. The sedimentary record indicates coastal aggradation followed by sea-level fall and progradation of the coastline. Thermoluminescence (TL) and electron spin resonance (ESR) ages from sediments and fossil shells point to an age of ∼220 ka for the end of this marine transgression, thus correlating it to MIS 7 (substage 7e). Altimetric data point to a maximum amplitude of about 10 meters above present-day mean sea-level, but tectonic processes may be involved. Paleoceanographic conditions at the time of the highstand and correlations with other deposits in the Brazilian coasts are also discussed. PMID:25493694

  18. L’opinion publique russe et l’affaire Boudanov [Russian Public Opinion and The Budanov Case

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    Amandine Regamey

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available In March 2000, Colonel Yuri Budanov kidnapped, raped and killed a young Chechen girl from the village of Tangui-Chu. After his arrest and during the entire trial, he claimed that she was a sniper who had murdered several of his soldiers, and that he had lost his temper and strangled her, but he denied raping her. High-ranking military officials closed ranks behind him, and at all stages of his trial demonstrations of support were organised in front of the court. He was finally condemned to ten years of imprisonment in July 2003. The aim of this article is to study how Russian public opinion perceived this case, using different kinds of sources (newspapers, forums and discussions on the Internet, public opinion polls, Human rights report, etc.. How were the events covered by the Russian medias? Some groups (the military, the Cossacks, fascist groups can be identified as his supporters. But what support did he receive from the general public and on what basis? Which arguments were used to defend Budanov and how were they perceived? Was this crime “justified” by the vengeance against “a sniper”, by the “laws of war”? Was Budanov a scapegoat sacrificed for the sake of good relations with the West? Defining the attitude towards Budanov might help explain why other Russian servicemen charged with crimes against Chechen civilians (the Ulman group, Arkacheev-Khudiakov have been systematically acquitted by a popular jury.

  19. EVALUATION DE L’ACTIVITE ANTIBACTERIENNE DE L’HUILE ESSENTIELLE d’Eucalyptus camaldulensis RECOLTE EN ALGERIE

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    A. OUELHADJ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the antibacterial activity of essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, collected in the province of Tizi-Ouzou, North of Algeria, was tested in vitro on bacterial strains belonging to the ATCC collection (Escherichia coli, ATCC 25922; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ATCC 727853 and taphylococcus aureus, ATCC 25923 and on a clinical isolate of a bacterial strain Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated in the laboratory of bacteriology from CHU Mohamed Nadir of Tizi-Ouzou. The study of the antibacterial activity was carried out by the method of agar diffusion. Essential oil revealed an antibacterial activity with respect to the bacterial strains tested. However, essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis showed a very strong activity against Staphylococcus aureus (diameter of inhibition = 22.66 mm.The antibacterial activity of essential oil was confirmed by the method of microdilution (minimal inhibiting concentration. The results obtained are very encouraging and make it possible to suggest that the essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis has compounds having important antibacterial properties, which enables to foresee their application in pharmaceutical industry. So we tried to open a way for the exploitation of essential oils to fight against pathogenic bacteria multi resistant to antibiotics.

  20. “现代的楚风、楚辞”--三四十年代沈从文写作中的《楚辞》渊源%Shen Congwen's Writing in 1930-1940s:The Songs of the South in Modern Chinese Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁文

    2015-01-01

    在三十年代的《湘行散记》和《湘西》中,沈从文因返乡机缘而集中思考其写作的文学源头,实现时空双重意义上的返乡之旅。进入四十年代,沈从文关注时局与历史的走势,在杂文中对楚人性格进行思考与总结,因此,有必要由长时段视角厘清沈从文独特的文学资源。%In Hunan Traveling Prose and Xiangxi in 1930s, Shen Congwen searched his own literature origins because of returning home and realized returning home in both respects:reality and fantasy. In 1940s, Shen paid much attention to political situation, and he thought a lot about the history of Hunan and his hometown people's characters, which inherited from ancient Chu culture. Therefore, it is necessary for us to figure out the unique literature resources of Shen Congwen's writings from the long period view.

  1. Multidetector computed tomography in acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Palma

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available John Palma, Marius Mihaila, Frank PilleulDépartement de Radiologie Digestive et des Urgences, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, CHU, Lyon, FranceBackground: The aim of this study is to evaluate multidetector computed tomography (MDCT in acute massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding, with endoscopy and surgery as reference examinations.Methods: A single-center retrospective study involving 34 patients with acute massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding was carried out. All patients were evaluated by MDCT scan then endoscopic or surgical examinations. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of MDCT scan were calculated using the extravasation of the contrast agent as the main criterion.Results: Extravasation of the contrast agent was found in 30 of 34 patients (88%. The bleeding site seen on CT was always the same as on endoscopic or surgical examinations (100%. Sensitivity of MDCT scan was 94%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, and negative predictive value 50% (P < 0.001. Twelve diverticulum bleedings were seen on MDCT scan compared with 13 (92% on endoscopic or surgical examinations. Angiodysplasia was overestimated by MDCT scan.Conclusion: MDCT scan appears to be an excellent tool to find and localize the bleeding site in cases of acute massive lower gastrointestinal disease.Keywords: MDCT, acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding, extravasation, contrast agent

  2. Cultural characteristics of chromium resistant unicellular cyanobacteria isolated from local environment in Pakistan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Many unicellular cyanobacteria were isolated from different places: fields, ponds, polluted water, and soils from Muredkey and Kasur tannery areas, near Lahore, Pakistan. Different media like BG 11 medium, Bold Basal medium, Chu's # 10 medium and Gorham's medium, in standard forms and with slight variations of ingredients, and different pH, temperature and light regimes were checked for the optimum growth of the isolates. The isolation procedure was repeated with different concentrations of chromium to select the resistant strains. These selected strains grew on chromium of the range 100-200 μg/ml in BG 11 medium. Cyanobacteria were maintained in solid and liquid media with/without shaking. Cyanobacterial strains were collected from natural habitats that were accompanied by a diversified group of organisms including bacteria, protozoan, and rotifers etc. In order to eliminate these agents termed as contaminants, we used several methods including phenol treatment, use of antibiotic and careful manual picking of unicellular cyanobacteria. Resistance of these strains against different heavy metals (ZnSO4, MnSO4,NiSO4, CoCl2, Pb(NO3)3, CuSO4, HgCl2, AgNO3 and CdCl2) and antibiotics (erythromycin, streptomycin, kanamycin,chloramphenicol, neomycin) was evaluated. Optimum temperature was 30℃ with variable pH for the reduction of Cr6+ in to Cr3+ in majority of strains.

  3. Cultural characteristics of chromium resistant unicellular cyanobacteria isolated from local environment in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hameed, Abdul; Hasnain, Shahida

    2005-12-01

    Many unicellular cyanobacteria were isolated from different places: fields, ponds, polluted water, and soils from Muredkey and Kasur tannery areas, near Lahore, Pakistan. Different media like BG 11 medium, Bold Basal medium, Chu's #10 medium and Gorham's medium, in standard forms and with slight variations of ingredients, and different pH, temperature and light regimes were checked for the optimum growth of the isolates. The isolation procedure was repeated with different concentrations of chromium to select the resistant strains. These selected strains grew on chromium of the range 100-200 μg/ml in BG 11 medium. Cyanobacteria were maintained in solid and liquid media with/without shaking. Cyanobacterial strains were collected from natural habitats that were accompanied by a diversified group of organisms including bacteria, protozoan, and rotifers etc. In order to eliminate these agents termed as contaminants, we used several methods including phenol treatment, use of antibiotic and careful manual picking of unicellular cyanobacteria. Resistance of these strains against different heavy metals (ZnSO4, MnSO4, NiSO4, CoCl2, Pb(NO3)3, CuSO4, HgCl2, AgNO3 and CdCl2) and antibiotics (erythromycin, streptomycin, kanamyci chloramphenicol, neomycin) was evaluated. Optimum temperature was 30°C with variable pH for the reduction of Cr6+ in to Cr3+ in majority of strains.

  4. "Low-cost" automobily - hrozba nebo příležitost pro Evropu?

    OpenAIRE

    Ekslerová, Vladěna

    2008-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá fenoménem low-cost automobilů (do 8 000 ?) a jejich perspektivě pro evropský trh: do jaké míry je evropský trh pro prodej low-cost automobilů (LCA) perspektivní? Jak by měl LCA pro evropský trh vypadat? Jaké jsou klíčové faktory úspěchu? První část pojednává o LCA obecně (vývoj, výroba, ziskovost), druhá část se věnuje jejich přítomnosti globálně, třetí část je strategickou analýzou evropského automobilového trhu z pohledu výrobce LCA....

  5. Depressed patients’ preferences for type of psychotherapy: a preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yrondi A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Antoine Yrondi,1 Julie Rieu,1 Claire Massip,1 Vanina Bongard,2 Laurent Schmitt1 1Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, 2Public Health Service, CHU Toulouse, Toulouse, France Background: The treatment recommendations for depressed patients by the American Psychiatric Association encourage a focus on the patient’s preferences. The focus of this study was the preference of depressed inpatients for the type of psychotherapy. Methods: Twenty-nine subjects of both sexes who were hospitalized with a major depressive episode were interviewed at 5-day intervals with the same questions after the depressive episode resolved, as indicated by a score less than 7 on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS. The selection of items was performed by expert consensus. Results: The supportive psychotherapy scores were the highest, followed by psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. The two sessions conducted at 5-day intervals showed no significant difference, which reflected the stability of choices and preferences of patients. Conclusion: In this study, the patients preferred supportive psychotherapy as first-line therapy compared to psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Keywords: depression, depressive disorder, psychodynamic psychotherap, supportive psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy

  6. Metal-Organic Coordination Number Determined Charge Transfer Magnitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hung-Hsiang; Chu, Yu-Hsun; Lu, Chun-I.; Yang, Tsung-Han; Yang, Kai-Jheng; Kaun, Chao-Cheng; Hoffmann, Germar; Lin, Minn-Tsong

    2014-03-01

    By the appropriate choice of head groups and molecular ligands, various metal-organic coordination geometries can be engineered. Such metal-organic structures provide different chemical environments for molecules and give us templates to study the charge redistribution within the metal-organic interface. We created various metal-organic bonding environment by growing self-assembly nanostructures of Fe-PTCDA (3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride) chains and networks on a Au(111) surface. Bonding environment dependent frontier molecular orbital energies are acquired by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy. By comparing the frontier energies with the molecular coordination environments, we conclude that the specific coordination affects the magnitude of charge transfer onto each PTCDA in the Fe-PTCDA hybridization system. H.-H. Yang, Y.-H. Chu, C.-I Lu, T.-H. Yang, K.-J. Yang, C.-C. Kaun, G. Hoffmann, and M.-T. Lin, ACS Nano 7, 2814 (2013).

  7. Interest of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen premix sedation in gerodontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Nicolas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Emmanuel Nicolas1,2, Claire Lassauzay1,21CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2Université Clermont 1, EA 3847, Faculty of Dentistry, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, FranceAbstract: Elderly patients presenting cardiovascular, respiratory, or neurological disorders require a specific dental care approach, especially patients presenting Alzheimer’s disease. Sedative procedures can prevent dental care-induced stress, even when there is effective pain control, but they have to be adapted to accommodate age-induced physiological modifications, age-related pathologies, and the concomitant treatments. In many situations, routine sedative prescriptions for dental care, such as benzodiazepine or antihistaminics, are not recommended for these patients. Nitrous oxide inhalation together with a specific behavioral threshold is currently the only sedative procedure adapted to cognitively-impaired elderly patients. Nitrous oxide is able to curb stress and its cardiovascular consequences, improve oxygenation, and optimize cooperation during dental care, making not only rehabilitation treatments but also routine dental care a viable option.Keywords: nitrous oxide, oxygen, premix, sedation, gerodontology, dental care

  8. 论《离骚》冲突的艺术美%On Art Beauty of Li Sao Conflict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敦玉林

    2000-01-01

    This paper explained the art characteristic of LiSaoby theory of conflict in aesthetics. It expressed the existence of self-spirit and the contradictory of Chu Guo noble with the aid of myth thought,taking three close connected art links “An account in myself words”,“Relating the history”,“Spirit tourism”. The poem showed the feature of aesthetics by dramatic contradictory conflict. The poet tried to overstep real comtradictory by the spirit tourism of hailucination, but the last it failed,and realized the value on life by miserable suicide,it got aesthetic meaning and the distillation of moral meaning.%《离骚》以“自叙”、“述史”、“神游”这三个密切联系的艺术环节,借助神话思维表现了自我的精神存在和楚国贵族的矛盾差异,诗歌以戏剧化的矛盾冲突显现了美学特征。诗人试图以幻觉的神游来超越现实的矛盾,但最终失败,以悲剧性的自杀实现人生的价值,获得审美意义和道德意义的升华。

  9. Report from the Second International Conference of Traditional and Complementary Medicine on Health 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isidoro, Ciro; Huang, Chia-Chi; Sheen, Lee-Yan

    2016-01-01

    The Second International Conference of Traditional and Complementary Medicine on Health was held from October 24th through 27th at the GIS National Taiwan University Convention Center in Taipei. Twenty-seven invited speakers, representative of fourteen Countries, delivered their lecture in front of an audience of more than two hundreds of attendees. In addition, a poster exhibition with seventy-two presenters completed the scientific sessions. The leitmotif of the Conference was to promote a common platform in which all medical knowledge is integrated to improve the health care system. Traditional medicine and complementary medicine are characterized by a holistic approach to prevent and cure diseases, making use of natural products and/or physical manipulations. In this context, the Conference emphasized the importance of the Quality Control and of standardized methods for the authentication, preparation and characterization of the herbal products and nutrient supplements, as well as the need for controlled clinical trials and for experimental studies to demonstrate the efficacy and to understand the underlying mechanisms of the preventive and curative treatments. In this report, we highlight the novel findings and the perspectives in Traditional and Complementary Medicine (TCM; 傳統暨互補醫學 chuán tǒng jì hù bǔ yī xué) that emerged during the conference. PMID:26870692

  10. Temperature dependence of the internal dynamics of a protein in an aqueous solvent: Decoupling from the solvent viscosity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► LiCl enables low-temperature proteins studies in aqueous solutions without freezing. ► Glass transition temperature of aqueous solvent is unaffected by lithium chloride. ► Solvent viscosity governs global dynamics of lysozyme down to glass transition arrest. ► Lysozyme internal dynamics is decoupled showing dynamic arrest at higher temperatures. - Abstract: We have recently observed decoupling of the dynamics of a protein from its aqueous solvent [Chu et al., JPCL 3 (2012) 380]; here we report the more detailed studies. We analyzed quasielastic neutron scattering data from a 40 mg/ml solution of lysozyme in (D2O)8(LiCl) and (H2O)8(LiCl). The internal dynamics of lysozyme exhibited super-Arrhenius temperature dependence with no crossover to a different regime down to at least 200 K. The decoupling of the internal protein dynamics from the viscosity of its aqueous solvent is evident. The temperature dependence of the protein dynamics indicates an apparent dynamic arrest at a temperature above 190 K, whereas the glass transition temperature for the solvent is around 135–140 K. The internal dynamics of the solvated protein is coupled to the dynamics of its hydration shell, not of the bulk solvent, which is qualitatively altered by the salt to defer the dynamic arrest to 135–140 K

  11. Investigating the Antimicrobial Bioactivity of Cyano bacterial Extracts on Some Plant and Human Pathogens

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The search for broad spectrum antimicrobial agents against microbial pathogens, as the available bioactive compounds, has decreasing efficacy and the multidrug resistance trait is spreading among pathogens. Accordingly, the study was carried out to investigate the antimicrobial bioactivity of extracts derived from a cyano bacterial strain from Egypt. The solvents used were diethyl ether, chloroform and methanol. The antimicrobial bioassay of the lipophilic fraction dissolved in diethyl ether of Synechococcus spp. (isolated from Wadi El-Natroun, Egypt) showed the highest broad spectrum bioactivity as it inhibited the growth of both plant and human pathogens. The extract was also effective on the filamentous plant pathogenic fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger. The effects of incubation periods, growth media and pH values on both growth and antimicrobial activity of Synechococcus spp. were investigated. Chu medium was the medium that gave the highest growth followed by BG11 medium then Oscillatoria medium and all these three media showed antibacterial activities but only BG11 showed both antibacterial and antifungal activities after 18 days of incubation. The pH value 10 proved to be the best for growth and antimicrobial activities of Synechococcus spp. in BG11 medium

  12. Activation of wild-type p53 by MDM2 inhibitors: a new strategy for lymphoma treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pujals A

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Anaïs Pujals,1–3,* Loëtitia Favre,4,* Philippe Gaulard,1–3 Joëlle Wiels41Department of Pathology, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, CHU Henri Mondor, 2Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Est Créteil, 3Inserm U955, Institut Mondor de Recherche Biomédicale, 4UMR 8126 CNRS, Institut Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Sud, Villejuif, France*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: The tumor suppressor TP53 is frequently mutated or inactivated in human cancers. Mutations of TP53 are less common in lymphomas than in other tumors, but the protein is often inhibited by the overexpression of its main regulator – MDM2. In the past 10 years, major efforts have been made to develop drugs that can reactivate p53 and restore its functions. This review focuses on recent advances in the development of small inhibitors of MDM2, which are potentially relevant for the treatment of B- and T-cell lymphomas. We will describe the current state of development of these drugs and discuss their mechanism of action in these hematological malignancies.Keywords: lymphoma, p53, nutlin, apoptosis, MDM2

  13. In depth fusion flame spreading with a deuterium-tritium plane fuel density profile for plasma block ignition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B.Malekynia; S.S.Razavipour

    2012-01-01

    Solid-state fuel ignition was given by Chu and Bobin according to the hydrodynamic theory at x =0 qualitatively.A high threshold energy flux density,i.e.,E* =4.3 x 1012 J/m2,has been reached.Recently,fast ignition by employing clean petawatt-picosecond laser pulses was performed.The anomalous phenomena were observed to be based on suppression of prepulses.The accelerated plasma block was used to ignite deuterium-tritium fuel at solid-state density.The detailed analysis of the thermonuclear wave propagation was investigated.Also the fusion conditions at x ≠ 0 layers were clarified by exactly solving hydrodynamic equations for plasma block ignition.In this paper,the applied physical mechanisms are determined for nonlinear force laser driven plasma blocks,thermonuclear reaction,heat transfer,electron-ion equilibration,stopping power of alpha particles,bremsstrahlung,expansion,density dependence,and fluid dynamics.New ignition conditions may be obtained by using temperature equations,including thc dcnsity profile that is obtained by the continuity equation and expansion velocity.The density is only a function of x and independent of time.The ignition energy flux density,E*t,for the x ≠ 0 layers is 1.95 × 1012 J/m2.Thus threshold ignition energy in comparison with that at x =0 layers would be reduced to less than 50 percent.

  14. Using light-switching molecules to modulate charge mobility in a quantum dot array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Iek-Heng; Trinastic, Jonathan; Wang, Lin-Wang; Cheng, Hai-Ping

    2014-03-01

    We have studied the electron hopping in a two-CdSe quantum dot (QD) system linked by an azobenzene-derived light-switching molecule. This system can be considered as a prototype of a QD supercrystal. Following the computational strategies given in our recent work [I.-H. Chu et al., J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 21409 (2011), 10.1021/jp206526s], we have investigated the effects of molecular attachment, molecular isomer (trans and cis), and QD size on the electron hopping rate using Marcus theory. Our results indicate that molecular attachment has a large impact on the system for both isomers. In the most energetically favorable attachment, the cis isomer provides significantly greater coupling between the two QDs and hence the electron hopping rate is greater compared to the trans isomer. As a result, the carrier mobility of the QD array in the low carrier density, weak external electric-field regime is several orders of magnitude higher in the cis compared to the trans configuration. This demonstration of mobility modulation using QDs and azobenzene could lead to an alternative type of switching device.

  15. Uranium raw material base of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report is composed of three sections: 1) development history of the uranium raw material base in Kazakhstan; 2) commercial genetic types of uranium deposits of Kazakhstan; and 3) general uranium reserves and resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Section 1 gives a survey of stage-by-stage implementation of prospecting and exploration works on the territory of Kazakhstan as well as of forming of uranium ore provinces and formation of uranium raw material base. Section 2 gives a summary of commercial types of uranium deposits from genetic positions. The uranium deposits of Kazakhstan are divided into two major series: endogenous deposits in pre-Mesozoic formations and exogenous deposits in Mesozoic and Cainozoic formations. The endogenous series contains vein-stockwork deposits in Proterozoic and Paleozoic complexes with the Kohshetav uranium ore province and vein-stockwork deposits in land volcanogenous complexes of the Probalkhash uranium ore provinces. The exogenous series contains -phosphate uranium ore formation (deposits of Pricaspian province), epigenetic uranium ore formation of regional zones of stratum oxidation (deposits of Chu-Saryssu and Syr Darya provinces) and epigenetic uranium ore formation of zones of ground-stratum oxidation (deposits of Ily province). Section 3 is dedicated to uranium reserves and resources distribution on the basis of provinces, degree of exploration and cost. (author). 5 figs, 2 tabs

  16. Carcinome épidermoïde du sein: à propos de 3cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaoui, Fatima Zohra Fdili; Benkirane, Saad; Chaara, Hekmat; Bouguern, Hakima; Melhouf, Moulay Abdilah

    2012-01-01

    Les carcinomes épidermoides du sein sont rares. Ils sont d'origine métaplasiques. Leur histogénèse est controversée. La présentation clinique et mammographique n'est pas spécifique, l'aspect kystisé des lésions et la présence de nécrose sont recherchés à l’échographie mammaire. Le diagnostic est histologique. Ce cancer est réputé être peu lymphophile et non hormonodépendant. Le traitement rejoint celui des carcinomes infiltrants canalaires et repose sur la chirurgie, la radiothérapie et la chimiothérapie. Le pronostic est péjoratif. Nous rapportons trois cas de carcinome épidermoide du sein colligés au service de Gynécologie obstétrique II au CHU Hassan II de Fès et une revue de la littérature. PMID:22891096

  17. 从屈赋外来词看先秦中国的域外文化因子%From the Perspective of Foreign Words to View the Foreign Culture Factors of Early Qin Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋亦箫; 刘琴

    2014-01-01

    Starting with the foreign words in the Qu Fu, the source of the foreign words is analyzed, which can prove that at the age of Qu Yuan, the foreign culture has obvious impact on Qu Yuan, the culture of Chu, and even to the whole Chinese culture. The source is from both the Babylonia culture and Greek and Indian Culture. As a result, at the age of Qu Yuan, the myth and culture factors for the Babylonia, Greek and Indian are understood, which have went into the knowledge of Qu Yuan and his works.%文章从屈赋中的外来词着手,分析这些外来词的来源,借以证明至迟在屈原时代,域外文化对屈原、楚文化乃至中国文化,就有过明显的影响。其影响的源头,既有西亚巴比伦文化,也有希腊文化和印度文化。因此,在屈原时代,透过屈赋,可确知来自域外的巴比伦、希腊、印度的神话和文化因子,已经进入了屈原的知识视野并被写进屈原的楚辞中。

  18. Bioclogging and Biocementation in Construction of Water Pond in Sand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, J.; Ivanov, V.; Stabnikov, V.; Li, B.

    2012-12-01

    Conventionally, compacted bentonite, geosynthetic clay liner or plastic liners are used to seal ponds, channels, and reservoirs in sand. Recently, a new approach to form a low permeability layer of several centimetres thick through the microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) process has been developed (Chu et al., 2012). This method has been adopted to build a laboratory scale water pond model in sand. Calcium solution for bioclogging and biocementation was supplied initially by spaying to form a layer of the clogged sand by precipitation in the pores and then by slow percolation from solution above sand surface, which formed a crust of calcite. This combination of bioclogging and biocementation formed a sand layer of 1 - 3 cm depth with low permeability. The permeability of sand after this treatment was reduced from the order of 10^-4 m/s to 10^-7 m/s when an average 2.1 kg of Ca per m^2 of sand surface was precipitated. The bending strengths of the walls and the base of the model pond were in the range of 90 to 256 kPa. The unconfined compressive strengths obtained from samples from the walls and the base were in the range of 215 to 932 kPa. The graded sand and uniform supply of calcium solution were used for the model pond construction but it was significant spatial three-dimensional heterogeneity of sand bioclogging and biocementation.

  19. PKE-Nefedov: plasma crystal experiments on the International Space Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The plasma crystal experiment PKE-Nefedov, the first basic science experiment on the International Space Station (ISS), was installed in February 2001 by the first permanent crew. It is designed for long-term investigations of complex plasmas under microgravity conditions. 'Complex plasmas' contain ions, electrons, neutrals and small solid particles - normally in the micrometre range. These microparticles obtain thousands of elementary charges and interact with each other via a 'screened' Coulomb potential. Complex plasmas are of special interest, because they can form liquid and crystalline states (Thomas et al 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 73 652-5, Chu and I 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 4009-12) and are observable at the kinetic level. In experiments on Earth the microparticles are usually suspended against gravity in strong electric fields. This creates asymmetries, stresses and pseudo-equilibrium states with sufficient free energy to readily become unstable. Under microgravity conditions the microparticles move into the bulk of the plasma (Morfill et al 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 1598), experiencing much weaker volume forces than on Earth. This allows investigations of the thermodynamics of strongly coupled plasma states under substantially stress-free conditions. In this first paper we report our results on plasma crystals, in particular the first experimental observations of bcc lattice structures

  20. Phase macrosegregation during the slow solidification of prototypic corium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A major safety objective, in the hypothetical case of a PWR severe accident, is to stabilize the molten material, called corium, in order to prevent basemat penetration. The demonstration of corium stabilization requires the analysis of the late phase phenomena in which, due to the very slow decrease of decay heat, corium will stay in quasi steady state. In this configuration, Seiler and Froment (2000) have proposed an approach coupling thermalhydraulics and thermodynamics. It indicates that for the accident late phase, there will be a plane-front solidification of oxidic corium with macrosegregation, the interface temperature being the liquidus of the actual liquid. The validity of these models, initially developed for metals, has been demonstrated with prototypic corium experiments conducted, within the EU-sponsored ECOSTAR project, on a small scale at NRI Rez's COMETA facility and at a larger scale at CEA Cadarache PLINIUS platform. Plane front solidification of urania -rich (U,Zr,Ca)O2 crystals have been obtained from various prototypic corium compositions slowly cooled over hours. It have demonstrated with prototypic materials that during the severe accident late phase there will be no mushy zone in corium pools. Thresholds for the transition from mushy zone to plane front regime are proposed for corium concrete mixtures. During the CEA VP-U1 test, ablation of the zirconia crucible has provided a valuable insight to the vertical distribution of the heat flux towards the pool wall. It appears so as it follows the Churchill and Chu (1975) correlation

  1. Progress of the Photovoltaic Technology Incubator Project Towards an Enhanced U.S. Manufacturing Base: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ullal, H.; Mitchell, R.; Keyes, B.; VanSant, K.; von Roedern, B.; Symko-Davies, M.; Kane, V.

    2011-07-01

    In this paper, we report on the major accomplishments of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP) Photovoltaic (PV) Technology Incubator project. The Incubator project facilitates a company's transition from developing a solar cell or PV module prototype to pilot- and large-scale U.S. manufacturing. The project targets small businesses that have demonstrated proof-of-concept devices or processes in the laboratory. Their success supports U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu's SunShot Initiative, which seeks to achieve PV technologies that are cost-competitive without subsidies at large scale with fossil-based energy sources by the end of this decade. The Incubator Project has enhanced U.S. PV manufacturing capacity and created more than 1200 clean energy jobs, resulting in an increase in American economic competitiveness. The investment raised to date by these PV Incubator companies as a result of DOE's $ 59 million investment totals nearly $ 1.3 billion.

  2. Cellulose as Sustainable Materials for Separation Membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Benjamin

    2013-03-01

    Polysaccharides, while complex, form one of the most abundant sustainable resources on earth. We want to take advantage of fundamental advances in materials understanding across length and time scales to investigate the interrelationships between structure, morphology, processing, properties, performance, and cost to meet the specific challenges arising from separation membranes for water purification. Non-woven fiber mats have unique properties, such as interconnected pores, a very large surface-to-volume ratio, and a high capacity for surface modifications. The breakthrough concept of combining fibrous mats composed of different fiber diameters for fabricating scaffolds as a unique platform for water purification is presented. Further, we take advantage of recent advances in chemical modifications, structural studies using synchrotron X-rays, and physical scale-up transformations to drastically improve filtration membrane development. Support of this work by the NSF, ONR, NIH and Stony Brook Univ. is gratefully acknowledged. The Chu/Hsiao group on water purification includes Profs. B.S.Hsiao and C.Burger, Drs. H-Y.Ma, D-F.Fang, R.Wang, and grad students: X.Wang, Z. Wang, Y.Su, R. Yang

  3. Oncolytic virotherapy for human malignant mesothelioma: recent advances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boisgerault N

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Nicolas Boisgerault,1–3 Carole Achard,1–3 Tiphaine Delaunay,1–3 Laurent Cellerin,4 Frédéric Tangy,5 Marc Grégoire,1–3 Jean-François Fonteneau1–31INSERM, UMR892, 2CNRS, UMR6299, Health Research Institute of the University of Nantes, 3University of Nantes, 4Nantes CHU Hospital, Department of Thoracic and Digestive Oncology, 5Viral Genomics and Vaccination Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, CNRS UMR-3569, FranceAbstract: Cancer virotherapy is an attractive alternative to conventional treatments because it offers a wide range of antitumor effects due to 1 the diversity of the oncolytic viruses that are now available and 2 their multifaceted activities against both tumor cells and tumor vessels, in addition to their ability to induce antitumor immune responses. In this review, we summarize preclinical and clinical data regarding the targeting of malignant mesothelioma (MM by oncolytic viruses. We also discuss the potential of other oncolytic viruses that have already shown antitumor effects against several malignancies in advanced clinical trials but are yet to be tested against MM cells. Finally, we review how the activation of the immune system and combinations with other types of anticancer treatments could support the development of oncolytic virotherapy for the treatment of MM.Keywords: oncolytic viruses, cancer virotherapy, malignant mesothelioma, antitumor immune responses, immunotherapy

  4. Industrial types of uranium deposits in Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main industrial uranium deposits of Kazakhstan that can be commercially mined, are located in two ore regions and are represented by two types of the uranium deposits. The first region is named Chu-Syrdarya (75.6% of total resources of Kazakhstan) and is located in the South of Kazakhstan and this one is the largest in the world among the regions of the deposits connected with the bed oxidation zone, localized in the permeable sediments and amenable for in-situ leach mining. The second region is named Kokshetau (16% of total resources) and is located in the North of Kazakhstan at the north edge of Kazak Shield and is characterized by the vein-stockwork type of deposit. Other industrial deposits (8.4% of total resources) are grouped in two regions that have been determined and are retained as reserves for economical and ecological reasons. These are: Pricaspian region with the organic phosphate type of uranium deposits; and Ili-Balkhash region with mainly the coal-uranium type. There are 44 industrial uranium deposits with resources ranging from 1000 t to 100000 t U and more in each of them, in all, in Kazakhstan. Seven of them are completely mined now. Total uranium resources in Kazakhstan are determined at 1670000 t U. (author)

  5. A gold nanoshell with a silica inner shell synthesized using liposome templates for doxorubicin loading and near-infrared photothermal therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu CY

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Congyu Wu1, Cong Yu1, Maoquan Chu1,21School of Life Science and Technology, 2The Institute for Advanced Materials and Nano Biomedicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: Gold (Au nanoshells with solid silica cores have great potential for cancer photothermal therapy. However, this nanostructure cannot carry enough drugs. Here, we report a Au nanoshell with a hollow silica core for drug loading and cancer therapy. The silica shells were synthesized using nanoliposome templates, and then Au nanoshells were grown on the outer surface of the silica shells. Transmission-electron and scanning-electron microscopy showed that the Au nanoshells were successfully fabricated, and that the liposome/SiO2/Au core-shell nanocomposites were spherical with a narrow size distribution. Images of several broken spheres, and the fact that hollow templates (liposomes were used, suggest that the fabricated Au nanoshells were hollow. After doxorubicin (DOX was incorporated into liposome/SiO2/Au, the DOX-loaded Au nanoshells killed cancer cells with high therapeutic efficacy when irradiated with near-infrared light, suggesting that the Au nanoshells delivered both DOX chemotherapy and photothermal therapy with a synergistic effect.Keywords: gold nanoshell, liposome template, synthesis, doxorubicin, cancer therapy

  6. Evodiamine as a novel antagonist of aryl hydrocarbon receptor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Hui [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China); Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Affiliated Tenth People' s Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200072 (China); Tu, Yongjiu; Zhang, Chun; Fan, Xia; Wang, Xi [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China); Wang, Zhanli [College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Liang, Huaping, E-mail: huaping_liang@yahoo.com.cn [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China)

    2010-11-05

    Research highlights: {yields} Evodiamine interacted with the AhR. {yields} Evodiamine inhibited the specific binding of [{sup 3}H]-TCDD to the AhR. {yields} Evodiamine acts as an antagonist of the AhR. -- Abstract: Evodiamine, the major bioactive alkaloid isolated from Wu-Chu-Yu, has been shown to interact with a wide variety of proteins and modify their expression and activities. In this study, we investigated the interaction between evodiamine and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Molecular modeling results revealed that evodiamine directly interacted with the AhR. Cytosolic receptor binding assay also provided the evidence that evodiamine could interact with the AhR with the K{sub i} value of 28.4 {+-} 4.9 nM. In addition, we observed that evodiamine suppressed the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced nuclear translocation of the AhR and the expression of CYP1A1 dose-dependently. These results suggested that evodiamine was able to bind to the AhR as ligand and exhibit antagonistic effects.

  7. Chondrosarcome mésenchymateux de l’orbite : à propos d’un cas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PW. Atipo-Tsiba

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Le chondrosarcome mésenchymateux de l’orbite est une tumeur très rare. Seule une trentaine de cas ont été publiés à ce jour. Cette observation rapporte un cas vu au CHU de Brazzaville. Méthode : Une patiente de 33 ans avait consulté notre département pour une exophtalmie gauche. Résultats : On notait une exophtalmie, un important chémosis et une nécrose cornéenne complète. Le scanner avait objectivé une masse orbitaire ovoïde, multilobée avec une zone centrale calcifie. L’histopathologie avait mis en évidence un aspect dit "bi-phasique", faite d’une mosaïque de petites cellules fusiformes associées à des hémangiopericytomes au sein d’une matrice cartilagineuse. Conclusion : Le chondrosarcome mésenchymateux de l’orbite est une tumeur exceptionnelle. Son aspect histopathologique particulier permet aisément de le différentier des autres lésions calcifies de l’orbite.

  8. [Evaluation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment in Ivory Coast from 2008 to 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahui, B J-M; Horo, K; Bakayoko, A S; Kouassi, A B; Anon, J C; Brou-Gode, V C; Koffi, M O; Itchy, M V; N'Gom, A S; N'Goran, N B; Aka-Danguy, E

    2013-12-01

    This is a retrospective study conducted from January 2008 to December 2010 on sectional descriptive analysis of records of patients treated for MDR-TB and whose follow-up was in the thoracic department of Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) of Cocody in Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire. We selected eight patients who met the inclusion criteria of 21 MDR-TB patients registered during the study period. The average age was 29.25years ranging from 21 to 39. Males accounted for 75% of the patients (6 males and 2 females). The students represented the professional social layer most affected with 37.5% of the patients. All patients had a history of tuberculosis and only one patient was HIV positive under anti-retroviral (zidovudin, lamivudin and efavirenz). All cultures found Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The resistance profile in addition to isoniazid and rifampicin, found two cases of resistance to ethambutol and streptomycin. The chest radiograph at the time of initiation of second-line treatment showed essentially excavations in 75% of cases and infiltrates in 25%. The lesions were bilateral in 7 of 8 patients (87.5%). The main side effects observed during treatment were limited to cochleovestibular disorders (2 patients) and neuropsychiatric disorders (2 patients) and digestive disorders in half of the patients with removal of the offending molecule kanamycin. After 24months of treatment, it was numbered five cures (62.5%), two failures and one death. PMID:24183291

  9. High frequency plant regeneration from mature seed of elite, recalcitrant Malaysian indica rice ( Oryza sativa L.) CV. MR 219.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivakumar, P; Law, Y S; Ho, C-L; Harikrishna, Jennifer Ann

    2010-09-01

    An efficient in vitro plant regeneration system was established for elite, recalcitrant Malaysian indica rice, Oryza sativa L. CV. MR 219 using mature seeds as explant on Murashige and Skoog and Chu N6 media containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and kinetin either alone or in different combinations. L-proline, casein hydrolysate and L-glutamine were added to callus induction media for enhancement of embryogenic callus induction. The highest frequency of friable callus induction (84%) was observed in N6 medium containing 2.5 mg l(-1) 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid, 0.2 mg l(-1) kinetin, 2.5 mg l(-1) L-proline, 300 mg l(-1) casein hydrolysate, 20 mg l(-1) L-glutamine and 30 g l(-1) sucrose under culture in continuous lighting conditions. The maximum regeneration frequency (71%) was observed, when 30-day-old N6 friable calli were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 3 mg l(-1) 6-benzyl aminopurine, 1 mg l(-1) naphthalene acetic acid, 2.5 mg l(-1) L-proline, 300 mg l(-1) casein hydrolysate and 3% maltose. Developed shoots were rooted in half strength MS medium supplemented with 2% sucrose and were successfully transplanted to soil with 95% survival. This protocol may be used for other recalcitrant indica rice genotypes and to transfer desirable genes in to Malaysian indica rice cultivar MR219 for crop improvement. PMID:20724277

  10. New records of marine algae in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Hau, Nhu; Ly, Bui Minh; Van Huynh, Tran; Trung, Vo Thanh

    2015-06-01

    In May, 2013, a scientific expedition was organized by the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) and the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FEBRAS) through the frame of the VAST-FEBRAS International Collaboration Program. The expedition went along the coast of Vietnam from Quang Ninh to Kien Giang. The objective was to collect natural resources to investigate the biological and biochemical diversity of the territorial waters of Vietnam. Among the collected algae, six taxa are new records for the Vietnam algal flora. They are the red algae Titanophora pikeana (Dickie) Feldmann from Cu Lao Xanh Island, Laurencia natalensis Kylin from Tho Chu Island, Coelothrix irregularis (Harvey) Børgesen from Con Dao Island, the green algae Caulerpa oligophylla Montagne, Caulerpa andamanensis (W.R. Taylor) Draisma, Prudhomme et Sauvage from Phu Quy Island, and Caulerpa falcifolia Harvey & Bailey from Ly Son Island. The seaweed flora of Vietnam now counts 833 marine algal taxa, including 415 Rhodophyta, 147 Phaeophyceae, 183 Chlorophyta, and 88 Cyanobacteria.

  11. Two days of films

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    The Chinese community at CERN and the CERN CineClub, on the occasion of the Chinese New Year, invite everyone to two days of films Thursday 3 February 2011 at 20:30 - CERN Council Chamber Eat drink man woman Directed by Ang LEE (Taiwan, 1994) 122 min. With Sihung Lung, Yu-Wen Wang, Chien-Lien Wu, Kuei-Mei Yang Senior Master Chef Chu lives in a large house in Taipei with his three unmarried daughters, Jia-Jen, a chemistry teacher converted to Christianity, Jia-Chien, an airline executive, and Jia-Ning, a student who also works in a fast food restaurant. Life in the house revolves around the ritual of an elaborate dinner each Sunday, and the love lives of all the family members. Original version Mandarin with English subtitles Friday 4 February 2011 at 19:30 - CERN Council Chamber Adieu, ma concubine Directed by Chen KAIGE (China / Hong Kong, 1993) 171 min. With Leslie Cheung, Fengyi Zhang, Li Gong "Farewell, My Concubine" is a movie with two parallel, intertwined stories. It is the story of two performers in t...

  12. Water and Environment News, No. 30, April 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a part of the IAEA Director General?s thematic focus on water during 2011, a Scientific Forum on water was convened during the annual IAEA General Conference. The Forum provided insights into the world's water problems and highlighted the role that nuclear techniques can play in key issues. The US Secretary of Energy and Nobel prize winner Steven Chu illustrated how isotope hydrology is a valuable tool to manage water resources and understand climate change. Besides the Scientific Forum, this edition of the newsletter focuses on improving the quality of isotope measurements. The IAEA has been conducting periodic comparisons of analysis of blind samples by laboratories worldwide for over 40 years. In the area of stable isotopes, an inter-laboratory comparison was held with double the number of participating laboratories compared to the last exercise in 2002. There was also increased interest in the application of environmental isotopes in other disciplines where tracing the origin of water is useful. Increases both in the number of laboratories and areas of application are mainly due to the revolution brought about by relatively easy to use and lower cost laser spectroscopic analysis techniques. The IAEA has played a significant role in facilitating the widespread use of laser machines during the testing and adaptation phases and now through the provision of these machines to nearly forty Member States

  13. Hernie de Spiegel: a propos d’un cas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Ibn Majdoub Hassani

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available La hernie de Spiegel ou hernie ventrale latérale est une déhiscence inhabituelle apparaissant sur la ligne ou fascia semi-lunaire de Spiegel. C’est une entité clinique rare, représente 0.10 à 1 pourcent des hernies. Aussi, nous a-t-il paru opportun de rapporter ce cas colligé dans le service de chirurgie B du CHU Hassan II de Fès. Nous rapportons l’observation d’une patiente âgée de 60 ans, sans antécédent particulier qui présentais une tuméfaction para ombilicale gauche augmentant progressivement de volume, Une hernie de Spiegel a été suspectée à l’examen clinique, et le diagnostic d’éventration antérolatérale gauche a été retenu à la tomodensitométrie abdominale. Une cure de la hernie par plaque de prolène a été réalisée et les suites opératoires étaient simples. La hernie de Spiegel est une affection rare, son diagnostic clinique peut être difficile. Elle est asymptomatique dans 90 pourcent des cas et Son diagnostic positif est radiologique. Le risque d’étranglement non négligeable impose un traitement chirurgical une fois le diagnostic est confirmé.

  14. Influence of anionic substitution on the electrolyte electroreflectance study of band edge transitions in single crystal Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 solid solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levcenco, S.; Dumcenco, D.; Wang, Y. P.; Huang, Y. S.; Ho, C. H.; Arushanov, E.; Tezlevan, V.; Tiong, K. K.

    2012-06-01

    Single crystals of Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 (CZTSSe) solid solutions were grown by chemical vapor transport technique using iodine trichloride as a transport agent. As confirmed by X-ray investigations, the as-grown CZTSSe solid solutions are single phase and crystallized in kesterite structure. The lattice parameters of CZTSSe were determined and the S contents of the obtained crystals were estimated by Vegard's law. The composition dependent band gaps of CZTSSe solid solutions were studied by electrolyte electroreflectance (EER) measurements at room temperature. From a detailed lineshape fit of the EER spectra, the band gaps of CZTSSe were determined accurately and were found to decrease almost linearly with the increase of Se content, which agreed well with the recent theoretical first-principle calculations by S. Chen, A. Walsh, J.H. Yang, X.G. Gong, L. Sun, P. X. Yang, J.H. Chu, S.H. Wei, Phys. Rev. B 83 (2011) 125201 (5pp).

  15. Motivational and success factors of entrepreneurs: the evidence from a developing country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubodrag Rankovic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on the study of motivational and success factors of entrepreneurs in Serbia with respect to the basic methodological approach developed by Chu (using principal component factor analysis with varimax rotation. The objective of the research was to analyse the motives of entrepreneurs starting their own business and to determine factors that affect the success of SMEs. The empirical research was conducted according to 11 motivational items of entrepreneurs to establish their own business and 17 items affecting entrepreneurs’ success. Four motivational factors are obtained in this research (greater business achievement, independence, intrinsic factor and job security, as well as seven factors affecting entrepreneurs’ success (position in society, interpersonal skills, approval and support, competitive product/ service, leadership skills, always to be informed and business reputation. Based on these results and their comparison with the empirical findings in other countries, it may be concluded that motivational factors of entrepreneurs are generic in developing countries. The results showed that there was a lack of motives concerned with sustainable development of enterprise in a long run. On the other hand, there is a variety of different success factors affecting entrepreneurs, which primarily depend on the current situation in the local environment

  16. Feng-Pei Group and Politics in the Early Han Dynasty%丰沛集团与汉初政治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜岸青

    2012-01-01

    在反秦起义和楚汉战争期间,早先追随刘邦起兵的丰沛籍子弟成为一支政治军事力量——"丰沛集团"。丰沛集团是刘邦夺取天下的核心力量,是汉初最重要的政治力量,其兴衰与汉武帝内外政策的转变、新兴军功地主的崛起密切相关。%In the uprising against the Qin Dynasty and the war between Chu and Han,sons and younger brothers of those in Feng and Pei who followed LIU Bang became a political and military force: Feng-Pei Group.It is the core strength of LIU Bang's seizing the throne and the most important political force in the early Han Dynasty.Its rise and decline are closely related to the transformation of internal and external policies of Emperor Wu of Han and the rise of newly developing lords with military exploits.

  17. Thin film cadmium telluride solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, T. L.; Chu, Shirley S.; Ang, S. T.; Mantravadi, M. K.

    1987-08-01

    Thin-film p-CdTe/CdS/SnO2:F/glass solar cells of the inverted configuration were prepared by the deposition of p-type CdTe films onto CdS/SnO2:F/glass substrates using CVD or close-spaced sublimation (CSS) techniques based on the procedures of Chu et al. (1983) and Nicholl (1963), respectively. The deposition rates of p-CdTe films deposited by CSS were higher than those deposited by the CVD technique (4-5 min were sufficient), and the efficiencies higher than 10 percent were obtained. However, the resistivity of films prepared by CSS was not as readily controlled as that of the CVD films. The simplest technique to reduce the resistivity of the CSS p-CdTe films was to incorporate a dopant, such as As or Sb, into the reaction mixture during the preparation of the source material. The films with resistivities in the range of 500-1000 ohm cm were deposited in this manner.

  18. Phase and gain measurements in a distributed-loss cyclotron-resonance maser amplifier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control of gain and phase delay in a cyclotron-resonance maser (CRM) amplifier is essential for a variety of applications. In this experiment, the gain and phase-delay variations are measured with respect to controlling parameters; the electron-beam current and the axial magnetic field. Following Chu et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1103 (1995)], the CRM amplifier comprises of a distributed-loss waveguide to enable high gain without oscillations. Our experiment yields an amplification up to 26 dB, and a phase-delay control range of 360 deg. In order to keep a fixed gain with the varying phase delay, the two controlling parameters (i.e., the solenoid field and the beam current) are operated together in a compensating mode. The experiment is conducted in a frequency of 7.3 GHz, with an electron beam of 18-kV voltage and 0.25-0.4-A current. The experimental results are compared with a theoretical model. Practical implementations of gain and phase control in CRM devices are discussed

  19. Energy, Transport, & the Environment Addressing the Sustainable Mobility Paradigm

    CERN Document Server

    King, Sir

    2012-01-01

    Sustainable mobility is a highly complex problem as it is affected by the interactions between socio-economic, environmental, technological and political issues. Energy, Transport, & the Environment: Addressing the Sustainable Mobility Paradigm brings together leading figures from business, academia and governments to address the challenges and opportunities involved in working towards sustainable mobility. Key thinkers and decision makers approach topics and debates including:   ·         energy security and resource scarcity ·         greenhouse gas and pollutant emissions ·         urban planning, transport systems and their management ·         governance and finance of transformation ·         the threats of terrorism and climate change to our transport systems.   Introduced by a preface from U.S. Secretary Steven Chu and an outline by the editors, Dr Oliver Inderwildi and Sir David King, Energy, Transport, & the Environment is divided into six secti...

  20. Les fistules œsotrachéales congénitales isolées à propos de 2 cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Biache, Imad; Lechqar, Maryem; Rami, Mohammed; Bouabdallah, Youssef

    2014-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent 2 cas de fistules oesotrachéales isolées sans atrésie de l'oesophage, colligés au service de chirurgie pédiatrique au CHU Hassan II de Fès au Maroc entre 2008 et 2013. Il s'agit d'une anomalie rare représentée par un fin canal ascendant entre l'oesophage et la face postérieure de la trachée, à la hauteur du défilé cervico-thoracique. Elle se manifeste cliniquement par une symptomatologie respiratoire parfois digestive. Le diagnostic a été confirmé par le transit oesophagien dans les 2 cas et a permis aussi de déterminer le siège de la fistule. Le traitement était chirurgical, il a permis de supprimer la communication anormale entre l'oesophage et la trachée par un abord cervical avec interposition musculaire dans les 2 cas. Les suites post-opératoires et l’évolution à long terme étaient simples. Le but de ce travail est d'exposer les différents moyens diagnostique et thérapeutique. PMID:25328600