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Sample records for chu timone aphm

  1. Management of patient with hepatocellular carcinomas by in situ injection of iodine-131 labelled lipiodol solution (Lipiocis) in the Biophysics and Timone APHM University Hospital Central Service; Prise en charge des patients atteints d'hepatocarcinome par injection in situ d'une solution de lipiodol radiomarque a l'iode 131 (Lipiocis) au sein du service central de biophysique et de medecine nucleaire du CHU Timone APHM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigrist, S

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this work was to determine what are the prognosis factors in term of global expectation of life at patient receiving a treatment by Lipiocis, to estimate the tolerance at this treatment in order to choose patient which will be the best candidates to this treatment and to define more precisely the criteria of patient inclusion and follow-up. A study including 35 patient having received one or several Lipiocis injections between May 2003 and May 2007 has been carried out. The results of this study are given. Lipiocis seems to be a well tolerated treatment which has proved its efficiency. (O.M.)

  2. Shakespeare and Middleton’s Co-Authorship of Timon of Athens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eilidh Kane

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The essay focuses on Shakespeare’s collaboration with Thomas Middleton on Timon of Athens (1605-1606. It provides new evidence concerning the patterns of imagery in the play and argues that these support the authorial divisions established by earlier attribution studies. Beyond the issue of ‘who wrote what’ are questions about how Shakespeare co-wrote with Middleton. Previous analysis of the play has suggested that Timon was co-written consecutively, Shakespeare first, Middleton second. However, it is argued here that a mixture of consecutive and simultaneous co-writing would better explain the play as it stands. In the course of making the case, the essay reasserts the value of attribution evidence to the study of collaboration. Middleton’s skill in writing cynical urban scenes for his city comedies is often cited as the reason why he and Shakespeare worked together on Timon; and it is argued that Middleton’s early pamphlets should also be considered as evidence of his ability to satirise greed, and therefore as a reason why he was valuable to Shakespeare as a collaborator.

  3. “One good man in a corrupt ancient society”: The Steward in Shakespeare’s Timon of Athens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Toh Haw Ching

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Within the master-servant relationships of the hierarchical Renaissance era, loyalty is often assumed as a common and expected attribute. However, the present study reveals this assumption as a misconception. From the evidence gathered, the paper highlights the declining virtue of loyalty particularly among the servant class of the Elizabethan era. Despite that, the Steward in Shakespeare’s Timon of Athens (1605 portrayed commendable examples and extent of loyalty towards his master, Timon. This represents a stark contrast to the selfish and disloyal community of Shakespeare’s seventeenth-century England. Through discussions of the scenes in which the servant character displayed acts of loyalty towards the protagonist, the paper emphasizes the significant contribution of the selected character in preserving the well-being of his master.  It is hoped that through an understanding of the loyalty shown by the Steward towards his master, Timon, the study will heighten understanding of Shakespeare’s servant characters leading to further appreciation of the dramatist’s work, Timon of Athens. Keywords: Elizabethan society, loyalty, master-servant relationship, Renaissance play

  4. A new species of Neyraia Joyeux et Timon-David, 1934 (Cestoda: Dilepididae) from the Egyptian wild birds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashour, A; Lewis, J; Ahmed, S E

    1994-08-01

    A new species of the genus Neyraia Joyeux et Timon-David, 1934 is described from Egyptian wild birds; Neyraia epops from the hoopoe Upupa epops. The new species is compared and with the other related species of the genus. The erection of the new species was based primarily on differences in the number of testes and number of the rostellar hooks.

  5. Personage Column:CHU Datong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Professor Da-Tong Chu is Chief Scientist of Medical Oncology and Chairman of Ethical Committee, Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences(CAMS), Beijing. He is President of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), Vice-Chairman of the GCP Center of National Anti-Cancer Drugs, and is the member of the Expert Committee of State Food and Drug Administration(SFDA), and member of Chinese Pharmacopoeia Committee.

  6. Hubei, the Cradle of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    HUBEI Province is also known as Chu, because from the eleventh to third century B.C., the State of Chu rose, developed and fell here. Hubei is situated in central China and covered with some thousand lakes, since the Yangtze and Hanshui Rivers join here. It has an area of 186,000 square kilometers and a population of 54.39 million. Hubei has good soil,

  7. Potencial produtivo de carvão vegetal da espécie Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. cultivado em Timon, Ma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. K. B. Andrade

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Em decorrência da escassez de madeira para produção energética, alguns setores tem se empenhado com grandes esforços para a produção de seus próprios insumos. Uma alternativa a essa problemática é a utilização do bambu na produção de carvão vegetal, pois é uma espécie tolerante aos mais variados tipos de ambientes e apresenta boa capacidade produtiva. Nesse contexto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial produtivo de carvão vegetal de Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. cultivado em Timon, MA. As amostras foram coletadas num bambuzal de 48,56 ha dividido em quatro talhões (tratamentos, no município de Timon, MA. Em seguida, levadas ao Laboratório de Tecnologia da Madeira da UFCG/CSTR onde se determinou a densidade básica dos colmos do bambu, o rendimento em carvão, rendimento em líquido pirolenhoso, gases incondensáveis e análise química imediata. A densidade básica média do bambu foi de 490 kg/m3, não apresentando diferença significativa entre as médias dos quatro tratamentos. O rendimento médio em carvão vegetal foi de 39,05%, sendo que os tratamentos 1 e 4 apresentaram os maiores valores, com médias de 40,34% e 39,85%, entretanto não diferiram estatisticamente. O rendimento médio em gases condensáveis foi de 12,17%. A densidade aparente variou de 1,945 a 2,833 g/cm3. Os teores médios de materiais voláteis, carbono fixo e rendimento em carbono fixo foram respectivamente 28,55%, 64,11% e 25,04%, não apresentando diferença significativa entre os tratamentos. De acordo com as análises realizadas, verificou-se que o carvão vegetal produzido a partir dos colmos de Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. possui potencial para comercialização e utilização como fonte energética.Productive potential of species Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. charcoal grown in Timon, MaAs a result of the scarcity of raw material (wood for the production of energy, some sectors have committed themselves with great efforts to produce

  8. On the Religious Faith of the Chu People%楚人宗教信仰刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡雅丽

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the belief system of the ancient Chu people based on the cosmology of the Chu people. The evidence shown in the article are not only some unearthed Chu bamboo & silk manuscripts and few documents handed down from ancient times, but also the archaeological material of the Chu remains. The author divides the belief system of the Chu people into two types: natural divinity and human ghost, finding out the fundamental idol of the Chu people as well as the main motive force of the development of the fundamental idol. According to the author, the ancient Chu people formed their distinctive cosmology in the course of exploring the nature, on the basis of which they set up the belief system with general character and specific feature themselves.

  9. See Us as We Are: Clara Chu--University of California at Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This article highlights the influence of Clara Chu, associate professor in the University of California at Los Angeles's (UCLA) Department of Information Studies. Her influence extends far beyond her campus. She works with many organizations to advance multiculturalism in librarianship. As a prolific researcher, writer, and speaker, Chu has given…

  10. Mo含量对TiMoN薄膜微观组织和摩擦磨损性能的影响%EFFECTS OF Mo CONTENT ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE AND FRICTION AND WEAR PROPERTIES OF TiMoN FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许俊华; 鞠洪博; 喻利花

    2012-01-01

    Over the past years, hard wear resistant TiN coatings deposited by magnetron sputtering have gained increasing importance in the field of decorative and cutting tool coatings. With the ongoing trend to multifunctional operating cutting tools, new solutions in the design of tools are demanded. The alloying of TiN coatings with additional elements, for instance, can effectively enhance hardness, wear resistance and so on. Both TiAlN and TiSiN coatings, well-studied nitride systems, yield superior oxidation resistance, and extend the life of cutting tools by significant margins in comparison with TiN coatings. Numerous research activities focus on TiAIN, TiSiN systems, whereas limited efforts have been made to characterize TiMoN coatings. Low coefficient of friction is a common property in various Mo-containing coatings that can react with oxygen in the air into Magneli phase (MoO3). The effects of Mo alloying on mechanical properties and wear resistance of TiN-based coatings remain to be investigated. TiMoN composite films with various Mo concentrations were deposited using RF reactive magnetron sputtering and characterized by SEM, EDS, XRD, nano-indentation and wearing tester. The results show that TiMoN coatings have fcc structure. When atomic fraction of Mo in total metallic elements (X) is less than 68.37%, a TiMoN solid solution was formed by dissolution of Mo into the TiN lattice; when X is more than 68.37%, a TiMoN solid solution was formed by dissolution of Ti into the Mo2N lattice. With Mo contents increase, preferential orientation change, microhardness increase significantly, the coefficient friction and grain size decrease, friction and wear of TiMoN coatings are excellent. Low coefficient friction can be primarily attributed to the formation of lubricious MoO3 on the wear track surface in dry sliding wear conditions. The principles of a crystal chemical model relating the lubricity of complex oxides to their ionic potentials can explain this mechanism.%

  11. Characterization of a multi-function processive endoglucanase CHU_2103 from Cytophaga hutchinsonii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Cong; Wang, Ying; Li, Zhe; Zhou, Xiangru; Zhang, Weican; Zhao, Yue; Lu, Xuemei

    2014-08-01

    Cytophaga hutchinsonii is a Gram-negative gliding bacterium which can efficiently degrade crystalline cellulose by an unknown strategy. Genomic analysis suggests the C. hutchinsonii genome lacks homologs to an obvious exoglucanase that previously seemed essential for cellulose degradation. One of the putative endoglucanases, CHU_2103, was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli JM109 and identified as a processive endoglucanase with transglycosylation activity. It could hydrolyze carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) into cellodextrins and rapidly decrease the viscosity of CMC. When regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC) was degraded by CHU_2103, the ratio of the soluble to insoluble reducing sugars was 3.72 after 3 h with cellobiose and cellotriose as the main products, indicating that CHU_2103 was a processive endoglucanase. CHU_2103 could degrade cellodextrins of degree of polymerization ≥3. It hydrolyzed p-nitrophenyl β-D-cellodextrins by cutting glucose or cellobiose from the non-reducing end. Meanwhile, some larger-molecular-weight cellodextrins could be detected, indicating it also had transglycosylation activity. Without carbohydrate-binding module (CBM), CHU_2103 could bind to crystalline cellulose and acted processively on it. Site-directed mutation of CHU_2103 demonstrated that the conserved aromatic amino acid W197 in the catalytic domain was essential not only for its processive activity, but also its cellulose binding ability.

  12. 喃字分类研究%Research on the Classification of Chu Nom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮廷贤

    2013-01-01

      喃字是中越文化交流的见证和产物,无论对汉语本体的研究还是对越南语的研究都具有很高的价值。喃字分类是学术界一直关心的问题,但至今仍有一些可商榷的地方。文章总结了前人的各种分类,指出其优、缺点。在此基础上,对喃字重新分类,进而对喃字的每一类展开讨论。%Chu Nom is the witness and the product of cultural exchanges, having a high value in both Chinese ontology and Vietnamese. The clas⁃sification of Chu Nom is always the concern in academia, but stil questionable. The article summarizes the previous classification, pointing out its advan⁃tages and disadvantages. Chu Nom is reclassified on this basis, then each category of Chu Nom is discussed.

  13. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

    2012-02-28

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  14. Personage Column:CHU Datong%人物专栏:储大同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Professor Da-Tong Chu is Chief Scientist of Medical Oncology and Chairman of Ethical Committee, Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences(CAMS), Beijing. He is President of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), Vice-Chairman of the GCP Center of National Anti-Cancer Drugs, and is the member of the Expert Committee of State Food and Drug Administration(SFDA), and member of Chinese Pharmacopoeia Committee.

  15. 西楚考论%Investigation of Western Chu State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程芳银

    2012-01-01

    古今学者对“西楚”源于何时,区域到底多大的研究,一直争论不休。考论通过史料证明:过去大多学者认为楚的发祥地是“荆”,即今湖北一带,这个认识是错误的。甲骨文里,只有“楚”,没有“荆”字,直到商末周初时才有“荆”字。由此看出楚比荆早,楚起源于东方,东夷文化是其源。出土的材料证明“西楚”之名,至晚在春秋战国之际已有。其区域主要在豫东南、苏西北、鲁西南、皖东北部。%Disputes never cease about the origin and size of "Western Chu" throughont the history. Based on historical evidences, this investigation proves that the old belief that Chu starts from Jing is wrong. The character Chu can be found in carapace-bone-script, while the character of Jing can only be found in relics from the end of Shang and the beginning of Zhou period, hence the conclusion of the earlier appearance of Chu than Jing. Evidences prove that Chu came from the east, with Dongyi culture as its root. The unearthed proofs prove that the name of "Western Chu" did not appear until the transitional pe- riod of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Period of Warring States. The area of the state mainly cow ered the southeast of present Henan province, northwest of present Jiangsu province, southwest of 15resent Shandong province, and northeast of present Anhui province.

  16. Electric Dipole Antennas With Magnetic-Coated PEC Cores: Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.

    2012-01-01

    The radiation properties of spherical electric dipole antennas with electric current excitation and material-coated perfectly electrically conducting (PEC) cores are investigated analytically using vector spherical wave functions. Closed-form expressions for electric and magnetic stored energy...... as well as the radiation quality factor $Q$ are derived. Using these, it is shown that properly selected magnetic coating and radius of the PEC core vastly reduce the internal stored energy, and thus make the $Q$ of an electric dipole antenna approach the Chu lower bound....

  17. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826 in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Medhi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regarding presence and distribution of otters. The sighting signifies the rich biodiversity of Nyamjang Chu, in Pangchen valley and implies initiation of strong conservation measures to safeguard the future of the otters.

  18. Musical Exchange in the State of Chu%楚国音乐交流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何新

    2011-01-01

    The state of Chu was a place where various ethnic groups mixed together, so the music there was characterized by an amalgamation of different musical elements. On the other hand, the people of Chu also promoted musical exchange with the Central Plains in the north, the southeast and the southwest regions in the mainland of China as well as Southeast Asia and European countries.%楚国是南方的民族融合中心,楚国音乐亦表现出了民族性和融合性的特点。楚国音乐文化接受、吸纳华夏民族的礼乐文化,与中原地区、东南和西南地区以及东南亚乃至于欧洲国家都有密切的联系,促进了北方中原文化与南方地域文化的交流、融合与传承。

  19. Changes in Diversity of Fish Fauna of the Chu River Basin (Central Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Byrlykzhanovna Kozhabaeva

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Chu River originates in the Central Tien Shan Mountains and dissipates into the Muyunkum desert. The first information about the fish of the river was received in the middle 19-th century. Several expeditions collected data during 20-th century. Results of our investigations last decade in comparison with previous data allow tracking changes in the fish fauna after growing human impact. In the main, our data concern of the Kazakhstan part of the river. About 34 species and subspecies were discovered here; about 19 species between them are native. Origin or taxonomy of some species are disputable. In the last publications of the XX-th century 38 fish species and subspecies were mentioned. Native fish species as Aral barbel Barbus brachycephalus and Bulatmai barbel Barbus capito, Chu sharpray Capoetobrama kuschakewitschii and alien Sea trout Salmo trutta, Sevan trout Salmo ischchan were not found last decade in the Kazakhstan part of the river. Distribution area of native Balkhash marinka Schizothorax argentatus and alien Balkhash perch Perca schrenkii were reduced. The most widespread and numerous fish species are native roach, carp, dace, gudgeon and alien stone moroco. Native fishes like pike, asp, Aral ide, striped bystranka, golden spiny loach, southern ninespine stickleback and others were found only in certain sites. Fish species composition for each investigated site was not stable during recent years. Significant variations in fish composition were observed between different water bodies of the basin too. It reflects diversity of human impacts and unsteady water regimen here.

  20. 竺可桢人口思想研究%Research for Coching Chu's Population Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇忠

    2012-01-01

    竺可桢十分重视人口问题,对人口密度、人口调查、计划生育、人口素质、人口老龄化等问题进行了可贵的思考,尤其重视人口与水土保持之间的关系,形成了比较完整的人口思想。%Coching Chu attaches great importance to population issues, valuable thinking on population density, census, the family planning, population quality, aging of the population. He attached particular importance to the relationship between population and soil and water conservation, the formation of a relatively completely theory of population.

  1. Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Quality Factors Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav; Yaghjian, Arthur D.

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the quality factor Q for electrically small current distributions and practical antenna designs radiating the TE10 magnetic dipole field. The current distributions and the antenna designs employ electric currents on a spherical surface enclosing a magneto-dielectric material...... numerically. It is found that for a given antenna size and permittivity there is an optimum permeability that ensures the lowest possible Q, and this optimum permeability is inversely proportional to the square of the antenna electrical radius. When the relative permittivity is equal to 1, the optimum...... permeability yields the quality factor Q that constitutes the lower bound for a magnetic dipole antenna with a magneto-dielectric core. Furthermore, the smaller the antenna the closer its quality factor Q can approach the Chu lower bound. Simulated results for the TE10-mode multiarm spherical helix antenna...

  2. Putting patients first. A conversation with Benjamin Chu, M.D., the new chair-elect of the AHA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstock, Matthew

    2011-11-01

    The son of immigrants, Benjamin Chu, M.D., has followed an unusual life path from New York's Chinatown to Southern California, where he is now an executive with Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and Health Plan. Dismayed by the daunting challenges facing health care, the AHA chair-elect became a strong believer that the system can and must change, always keeping the focus firmly on the patient.

  3. Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q With Magnetic Dipole Antennas Using a Magnetic-Coated PEC Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    We analytically solve the radiation problem for a spherical magnetic dipole antenna with a material-coated perfectly electrically conducting core. Using the closed-form expressions derived for the internal and external stored energies as well as for the radiation quality factor $Q$, we determine...... tends to infinity, the internal stored energy vanishes, and the $Q$ reaches the Chu lower bound, irrespective of the antenna electrical size $ka$ and permittivity of the coating....

  4. 喃字及其相关问题%Chu Nom and Its Relative Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮廷贤

    2012-01-01

    越南是中国南边的邻国,历史上与中国有过密切的交往和全面的接触,政治、经济、文化等领域都受到中国很大的影响。喃字是中越文化交流的见证和产物,无论对汉语本体的研究还是对越南语的研究都具有很高的价值。但喃字的定义、喃字产生的动因和条件、喃字产生的时间等问题至今仍没有定论。%Viemam is a China's southern neighbor. China has close exchanges and comprehensive contacts in history, and has influenced the po- litical, economic and cultural fields. Chu Nom is the witness and the product of Sino-Vietnam cultural exchanges and has a high value in both the re- search of Chinese ontology and Vietnamese.

  5. Réaction sociale de l’opinion publique face aux prestations de soins au CHU de Treichville (Abidjan / The social reaction of public opinion towards CHU health services in Treichville (Abidjan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gakoué Adélaïde

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Lo studio della reazione sociale nei confronti delle prestazioni sanitarie è quasi inesistente in Costa d’Avorio. L’obiettivo della presente ricerca era di raccogliere conoscenze e giudizi di valore costruiti dagli individui attorno alla situazione di presa in carico dei malati al CHU (Centro Ospedaliero Universitario di Treichville. La ricerca è stata realizzata tramite interviste semi-strutturate rivolte a cento persone. In generale, si sono rilevate impressioni relativamente positive in merito alle prestazioni sanitarie. In effetti, attitudini, opinioni e comportamenti in maggioranza positivi si sono tradotti in opinioni favorevoli, adesione e accettazione delle prestazioni. Tuttavia, queste attitudini non hanno portato sempre direttamente le persone al CHU in caso di malattia, ma soltanto per necessità estrema in rapporto allo stato di salute. Ciò nonostante, dato che le denunce e le lamentele registrate non sono in numero trascurabile, vengono avanzate proposte operative al fine di migliorare le prestazioni. L’étude de la réaction sociale relative aux prestations de soins est quasi-inexistante en Côte d’Ivoire. L’objectif de cette étude prospective était de cerner les connaissances et jugements de valeurs construites par les individus autour de la prise en charge des malades au CHU (Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville. L’enquête interrogation s’est réalisée à l’aide d’un guide d’entretien auprès de cent individus. On notait globalement une appréciation relativement positive des prestations de soins. En effet, les attitudes, opinions et comportements de l’opinion publique en majorité positifs s’est traduit par des opinions favorables, des attitudes d’adhésion et d’acceptation des prestations. Mais, ces attitudes ne les conduit pas toujours directement au CHU dès qu’ils sont malades mais en cas de nécessité exigée par l’état de santé. Toutefois, les plaintes et d

  6. Les pneumopathies nosocomiales en réanimation de CHU Hassan II de Fès

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimi, Abdelkarim; Touzani, Soumaya; Elbakouri, Nabil; Bechri, Brahim; Derkaoui, Ali; Khatouf, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    L'objectif principal de notre étude était d'identifier les bactéries incriminées dans la pneumopathie nosocomiale (PN) au service de réanimation A1 du CHU Hassan II de Fès, en vue d'en améliorer la prise en charge et de diminuer la morbi-mortalité associée. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective et descriptive, menée du 1er janvier 2012 au 31 décembre 2013. Seules les infections pulmonaires survenant au-delà de 48 heures de l'admission du patient au service de réanimation ont été incluses. L'incidence de la PN était de 11,2%. Les Bacilles à Gram négatif (BGN) étaient retrouvés dans 48,5% des cas, le Staphylocoque Aureus dans 21,21% des cas et le Klebsiella Pneumoniae était dans 10,7% des cas. Le taux de mortalité était de 48,33%. L’âge, la gravité de la pathologie sous jacente et le retard de l'instauration d'une antibiothérapie adaptée étaient considérées comme facteurs de mauvais pronostic. L’étude de la résistance aux antibiotiques, montre une multirésistance surtout pour les BGN, dont il faut tenir compte en mettant en place une stratégie de prévention active. PMID:26966481

  7. Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (DOE Secretary of Energy)

    2011-05-25

    Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to "unleash America's science and research community" to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several “grand challenges” and use-inspired “basic research needs” recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  8. 楚系金文的文体类型简论%Discussion on Inscription of Bronze Literary Form of Chu System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭梅

    2016-01-01

    楚系青铜器出土数量十分可观,这些青铜器中大多铸有铭文且内容丰富多样,其文体类型也呈现出多样化趋势。楚系金文的文体大约可分为记事、祭祀、赞颂、宴飨等几种类型,不同的文体类型具有不同文体特征,且其内容结构都随时代推移逐步产生变化。%A large number of Chu system bronzes have unearthed, most of bronzes have inscriptions on it and also show us history and culture’s development level of Chu. Because of its rich and varied content ,the literary form of Chu system’s inscription of bronzes become diversified. Chu system bronzes literary form can be divided into the following types:keep record of events,sacrifice,eulogize, banquet and so on. Different types of literary forms have different stylistic features and its content and structure change over time.

  9. 喃字研究——喃字的来源、历史发展和结构%Study on Chu Nom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈仲洋

    2012-01-01

    越南和日本、朝鲜、韩国一样,在与汉文化交流接触过程中,接受并长期使用了汉语和汉字。基于汉字的材料,越人创造出各种不同的“喃字”,加以利用并将民族文化特色发扬光大。从喃字的来源,喃字历史分期,喃字的结构,文化背景等几个方面研究“喃字”,认为喃字是越南民族文化的产物,但从文字类型上说,它属于方块字文化圈,因此可以说,在近千年的历史里,喃字是越南与东亚各国文化交流的桥梁。%Based on Chinese materials, Vietnamese created all kinds of Chu Nora, use them fully to carry forward the characteristics of national culture. This paper studies Chn Nom from the following aspects: the source of Chu Nora, historical periods of Chu Nom, the structure of Chu Nom and its cultural background. It assumes that Chn Nora not only is the creation of Vietnamese national culture but also belongs to Chinese character culture. Therefore, Chu Nora is the bridge of the cultural exchanges between Vietnam and East Asia.

  10. 楚乐舞体育艺术之探究%The Study on the Sports and Arts of Chu Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    掌玉宏

    2013-01-01

    对楚乐舞的体育艺术特征研究,促进楚乐舞的传承与发展;分析楚乐舞的类型,对楚乐舞产生、发展进行探寻,通过对典籍、文物的分析和对楚乐舞的体育艺术进行的剖析;楚乐舞主要包括民间楚乐舞和宫廷楚乐舞两种类型,楚乐舞蕴含着修长窈窕的身体艺术特征,轻盈飘逸的体育艺术特征,古朴自然的体育艺术特征;作为楚地最重要的历史体育文化遗存,楚乐舞蕴含着浓郁的体育艺术特征,探究楚乐舞的体育艺术特征,全面了解楚乐舞,促进楚乐舞的传承与发展传承。%The research on the characteristics of sports and art has promoted the inheritance and development of Chu dance .This paper has analyzed the Chu dance types ,explored the deriving and development of the dance and dissected its books ,relics and sports art .Chu dance mainly in-cludes two types :the folk style and the royal court style .Chu dance contains the body character-istics of slim and graceful and the sports characteristics of light ,elegant and natural .As the most important historical and cultural relics ,Chu dance contains the rich characteristics of sports and art .The exploration of the characteristics of sports and art of Chu dance has helped people has a comprehensive understanding of it and promoted the heritance and development of it .

  11. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    Prof.S. Chu presents "the manipulation of atoms and bio-molecules by laser light" : a brief history of the laser cooling and trapping of atoms developed over the past 15 years will be presented. The cooling and trapping technology is already being applied in numerous areas of science and engineering. Applications to be discussed include atomic clocks, atom interferometers, as well as studies in polymer dynamics and protein motion.

  12. 楚辞的诗体类型与流变%The Poetic Genre of Chu Ci and its Evolvement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄震云

    2015-01-01

    As being the blessing words in ancient times ,Ci originally expressed the good wishes ,and then used with elegy properties to warn the dangers of the flourishing ages .Chu Ci was not only a term but also a poetic genre denominated by the compiled people in the Han Dynasty according to its holistic style . Qu Yuan's original works entitled his own poetic genre ,specifically ,of a total of 11 ones ,among which 6 were derived from traditions ,namely ,Nine(song) ,Eulogy ,Chant ,Ci ,Chapter ,Fu ,which had been formed since three generations ,and the other 5 were created by Qu Yuan himself ,including Epicedium ,Sao ,In‐quiry ,Travelogue and Nostalgia ,which ,unfortunately ,were not widely popular .However ,just because of these holistic and specific clarifications ,Chu Ci became a very important poetic feature in the history of lit‐erature .%辞是一种古老的祝语,以表达美好的愿望,后又用来寄托盛世危言,具有悲歌性质。楚辞是汉代人编集时给出的名称,也同时被当作诗体一种,应是就整体风格而言。屈原的作品原有自己的诗体名称,具体地,一共有诗体11种,出自传统的有九(歌)、颂、诵、辞、章、赋6种,这些诗体三代以来就已经形成。屈原自己创造的诗体有哀、骚、问、游、怀等5种,后代虽有述作,但未能广泛流行。因此,楚辞的诗体有整体的和具体的之分,在文学发展史上成为一个很重要的诗学特征。

  13. On Connotation of Chu Culture and Its Representation in Image of Phoenix%论李四光精神的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦跃威; 韦磊

    2012-01-01

    李四光精神的形成不是一蹴而就的,有其特定的历史条件和历史轨迹。李四光精神的形成,具备了其特有的客观条件和主观条件,从留学日本之前到回到新中国,李四光精神经历了萌芽阶段、初步形成阶段、形成阶段和成熟阶段。%The formation of a nation's spiritual temperament is closely connected with the nation's historical de- velopment. A nation's history has profound influence on the nation's cultural symbol as well. By using documentation method and comparative analytical method, with the historical research perspective, the background of the formation of Chu Culture and its history have been analyzed. And the mingled relationship between Chu Culture and the image of phoenix has been explored. The research shows that the cultural temperament which phoenix presents reflects the spiri- tual connotation of "harmony between the heaven and human; incorporation of things from the East and West; no fear of authority" in Chu C, ldtnro

  14. Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan: Chapter E in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Box, Stephen E.; Syusyura, Boris; Hayes, Timothy S.; Taylor, Cliff D.; Zientek, Michael L.; Hitzman, Murray W.; Seltmann, Reimar; Chechetkin, Vladimir; Dolgopolova, Alla; Cossette, Pamela M.; Wallis, John C.

    2012-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments represent a synthesis of available information to estimate the location, quality, and quantity of undiscovered mineral resources in the upper part of the Earth’s crust. This report presents a probabilistic mineral resource assessment of undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within the late Paleozoic Chu-Sarysu Basin in central Kazakhstan by the U.S. Geological Survey as a contribution to a global assessment of mineral resources. The purposes of this study are to: (1) provide a database of known sandstone copper deposits and significant prospects in this area, (2) delineate permissive areas (tracts) for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within 2 km of the surface at a scale of 1:1,000,000, (3) estimate numbers of undiscovered deposits within these permissive tracts at several levels of confidence, and (4) provide probabilistic estimates of amounts of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and mineralized rock that could be contained in undiscovered deposits within each tract. The assessment uses the three-part form of mineral resource assessment based on mineral deposit models (Singer, 1993; Singer and Menzie, 2010).

  15. A survey of amphibians and reptiles in Chu Mom Ray National Park, Vietnam, with implications for herpetofaunal conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Jestrzemski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A herpetological survey was conducted in spring 2012 in the eastern part of Chu Mom Ray National Park, Kon Tum Province, southern Vietnam, to create a first inventory list of amphibians and reptiles and record threats to the local herpetocommunity. We also evaluated the efficiency of two faunistic inventory methods, drift fences and transect visual encounter surveys, in detecting reptiles and amphibians under the given circumstances. Five drift fence arrays with pitfalls and double-ended funnel traps were set up in lowland evergreen forest at elevations from 777 to 846 m a.s.l. and monitored over 40 nights. Additionally, 22 night excursions were conducted along an adjacent forest stream transect. A total of 62 species of amphibians and reptiles were recorded, comprising 24 anurans, one caecilian, 20 lizards, 16 snakes and one freshwater turtle. Because all specimens were released after capture in the field, proper identification and taxonomic revision are required for at least ten recorded amphibian and six reptile species. Four species are listed in the Vietnam Red Data Book (2007 and two species are listed in the Governmental Decree No32/2006/ND-CP (2006. In terms of distribution patterns, old-growth forest habitat harbored the highest number of recorded reptiles and amphibians (41 species, followed by open land (18 species and secondary forest (14 species. Most species were captured opportunistically (34, followed by the drift fences (29 and transect night surveys (18. Opportunistic encounters provided for most reptiles (22, while most amphibians were recorded at the drift fence arrays (15. Poaching of wildlife proved to be the major threat to the local herpetofauna, in particular large reptiles. In the study area, reptiles and amphibians are also at risk from habitat loss and degradation. Recommendations for reptile and amphibian conservation are provided.

  16. An alternative reaction for heme degradation catalyzed by the Escherichia coli O157:H7 ChuS protein: Release of hematinic acid, tripyrrole and Fe(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouellet, Yannick H; Ndiaye, Cheikh Tidiane; Gagné, Stéphane M; Sebilo, Anne; Suits, Michael D L; Jubinville, Éric; Jia, Zongchao; Ivancich, Anabella; Couture, Manon

    2016-01-01

    As part of the machinery to acquire, internalize and utilize heme as a source of iron from the host, some bacteria possess a canonical heme oxygenase, where heme plays the dual role of substrate and cofactor, the later catalyzing the cleavage of the heme moiety using O2 and electrons, and resulting in biliverdin, carbon monoxide and ferrous non-heme iron. We have previously reported that the Escherichia coli O157:H7 ChuS protein, which is not homologous to heme oxygenases, can bind and degrade heme in a reaction that releases carbon monoxide. Here, we have pursued a detailed characterization of such heme degradation reaction using stopped-flow UV-visible absorption spectrometry, the characterization of the intermediate species formed in such reaction by EPR spectroscopy and the identification of reaction products by NMR spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry. We show that hydrogen peroxide (in molar equivalent) is the key player in the degradation reaction, at variance to canonical heme oxygenases. While the initial intermediates of the reaction of ChuS with hydrogen peroxide (a ferrous keto π neutral radical and ferric verdoheme, both identified by EPR spectroscopy) are in common with heme oxygenases, a further and unprecedented reaction step, involving the cleavage of the porphyrin ring at adjacent meso-carbons, results in the release of hematinic acid (a monopyrrole moiety identified by NMR spectroscopy), a tripyrrole product (identified by Mass spectrometry) and non-heme iron in the ferric oxidation state (identified by EPR spectroscopy). Overall, the unprecedented reaction of E. coli O157:H7 ChuS provides evidence for a novel heme degradation activity in a Gram-negative bacterium.

  17. 金银花尺蠖幼虫血细胞形态观察%Morphological Observation on Larva Hemocytes of Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向玉勇; 朱园美; 殷培峰

    2014-01-01

    运用Wright' s-Giemsa's染色和光学显微镜对金银花尺蠖(Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu.)幼虫血细胞的形态进行观察,发现金银花尺蠖幼虫血淋巴中有原血胞、浆血胞、粒血胞、珠血胞、类绛血胞和囊血胞6种类型的血细胞.

  18. Coffin Ties and Ornaments in the Mourning Ritual of the Chu State during the Warring States Period%战国时期楚国丧礼中的棺束与棺饰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江奇艳

    2004-01-01

    The problem of coffin ties and ornaments is of important value in the study of mourning ritual. Taking the records on the "Three Rituals" as clues and combining this evidence with material data from Chu tombs of the Warring States period, the present paper makes a research on coffin ties and or-naments in the mourning ritual of the Chu Land during the Warring States period. Based on the study of their material, form and banding manner, the author researches coffin ties as to their function and comes to the conclusion that the "coffin tie" and the "coffin-carriage tie" are different concepts. As regards coffin ornaments in mourning ritual among the Chu people, their making technique, disposing pattern and ranking system were not completely identical with their counterparts in the Central Plains, which must reflect regional and chronological difference.

  19. Structure of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 heme oxygenase ChuS in complex with heme and enzymatic inactivation by mutation of the heme coordinating residue His-193

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suits,M.; Jaffer, N.; Jia, Z.

    2006-01-01

    Heme oxygenases catalyze the oxidation of heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. For pathogenic microorganisms, heme uptake and degradation are critical mechanisms for iron acquisition that enable multiplication and survival within hosts they invade. Here we report the first crystal structure of the pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 heme oxygenase ChuS in complex with heme at 1.45 {angstrom} resolution. When compared with other heme oxygenases, ChuS has a unique fold, including structural repeats and a {beta}-sheet core. Not surprisingly, the mode of heme coordination by ChuS is also distinct, whereby heme is largely stabilized by residues from the C-terminal domain, assisted by a distant arginine from the N-terminal domain. Upon heme binding, there is no large conformational change beyond the fine tuning of a key histidine (His-193) residue. Most intriguingly, in contrast to other heme oxygenases, the propionic side chains of heme are orientated toward the protein core, exposing the {alpha}-meso carbon position where O{sub 2} is added during heme degradation. This unique orientation may facilitate presentation to an electron donor, explaining the significantly reduced concentration of ascorbic acid needed for the reaction. Based on the ChuS-heme structure, we converted the histidine residue responsible for axial coordination of the heme group to an asparagine residue (H193N), as well as converting a second histidine to an alanine residue (H73A) for comparison purposes. We employed spectral analysis and CO measurement by gas chromatography to analyze catalysis by ChuS, H193N, and H73A, demonstrating that His-193 is the key residue for the heme-degrading activity of ChuS.

  20. Projected impacts of climate change on hydrology, water resource use and adaptation needs for the Chu and Talas cross-border rivers basin, Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamil Iliasov, Shamil; Dolgikh, Svetlana; Lipponen, Annukka; Novikov, Viktor

    2014-05-01

    The observed long-term trends, variability and projections of future climate and hydrology of the Chu and Talas transboundary rivers basin were analysed using a common approach for Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan parts of the basin. Historical, current and forecasted demands and main uses of water in the basin were elaborated by the joint effort of both countries. Such cooperative approach combining scientific data, water practitioners' outlook with decision making needs allowed the first time to produce a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts on water resources in the Chu-Talas transboundary rivers basin, identify future needs and develop the initial set of adaptation measures and recommendations. This work was carried out under the project "Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate Change in the Chu and Talas Transboundary Basin", supported by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Climate change projections, including air temperatures and rainfall in the 21st century were determined with a spatial resolution 0.5 degrees based on the integration of 15 climate change model outputs (derived from IPCC's 4th Assessment Report, and partially 5th Assessment Report) combined with locally-designed hydrology and glacier models. A significant increase in surface air temperatures by 3-6°C may be expected in the basin area, especially in summer and autumn. This change is likely to be accompanied by rainfall increase during the cold season and a decrease in the warm half of the year. As a result, a deterioration of moisture conditions during the summer-autumn period is possible. Furthermore, milder winters and hotter summers can be expected. Mountains will likely receive more liquid precipitation, than snow, while the area and volume of glaciers may significantly reduce. Projected changes in climate and glaciers have implications for river hydrology and different sectors of the economy dependent

  1. 屈复《楚辞新注》中的"遗民情结"%Adherent Complex in Qu Fu's Meanings and Commentary of Chu Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施仲贞

    2016-01-01

    Seen from a historical point of view, Qu Fu did not come through the process of the perdition of Ming Dynasty and the substitution of Qing Dynasty, and was a complete adherent of Qing Dynasty. However, in Qu Fu 's works, there is often sentimental emotion and psychological characteristics of the adherents of the Ming Dynasty, namely "adher-ent complex". Qu Fu shows strong adherent complex in Meanings and Commentary of Chu Ci which he worked in old age. The spontaneous subcommentary complex flexion of Chu Ci, as a way to relieve "adherents of complex", and as car-rier of his personal "adherents of emotion". In this paper, between the lines often was a different generation, and Qu Yuan concentric empathy "grief", "bend complex portrayal and feeling their mood"; and the height of affirmation and ad-miration of complex Qu respected about loyalty "Qu Yuan spirit", is the spirit of their self motivation and temper the great Qu Fu faith and spiritual pillar. The strong adherent complex in Meanings and Commentary of Chu Ci makes it with a lonely color, and many songs in the exegesis of Chu Ci in the Qing Dynasty are particularly prominent, subtle and deep emotion, lofty, and full of personality.%从历史角度来看,屈复并没有经历明清易代的过程,彻彻底底是一个"清朝人".然而,在屈复的著作中,却往往会不自觉地表现出一种明朝"遗臣行人"的感伤情志和心理特征,即"遗民情结".屈复在其晚年所作《楚辞新注》中流露出强烈的"遗民情结".他自发把注疏《楚辞》,作为一种纾解自我"遗民情结"的途径与方式,并当作寄托个人"遗民情志"的特殊载具.文中字里行间常常流露出一种与屈原异代同心、感同身受的"黍离之悲",这是屈复"遗民心境"的写照与感触;而屈复所高度肯定、钦慕推崇的忠君忧国的"屈原之志",更是"精神遗民"屈复自我激励、砥砺志节的信念和精神支柱.《楚辞新注》中强烈浓厚的"遗民情结",

  2. La tuberculose cutanée: observation de six cas confirmés au CHU Souro SANOU (CHUSS) de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andonaba, Jean Baptiste; Barro-Traoré, Fatou; Yaméogo, Téné; Diallo, Boukary; Korsaga-Somé, Nina; Traoré, Adama

    2013-01-01

    La localisation cutanée de la maladie tuberculeuse demeure une forme rare et représente seulement 2,1% des localisations. L'objet de cette étude est de rapporter le profil épidémiologique, anatomoclinique et évolutif des cas de tuberculose ganglio-cutanée diagnostiqués dans un CHU au Burkina Faso. La fréquence de la tuberculose cutanée est très faible au CHUSS. Six cas ont été diagnostiqués entre 2004 et 2010, soit une fréquence de un cas par an. La durée d’évolution des cas allait de deux jusqu’à dix ans avant leur diagnostic. Les lésions observées étaient: trois scrofulodermes, trois gommes, une tuberculose testiculaire associée à un mal de Pott, un cas de polyadénopathies et des cicatrices atropho-rétractiles dans la plupart des cas. Sur le plan anatomopathologique, des granulomes tuberculoïdes ont été mis en évidence dans tous les cas avec une forte réaction tuberculinique à l'IDR. Sous antituberculeux pendant six mois, l’évolution a été bonne dans tous les cas mais au prix de séquelles cutanées cicatricielles inesthétiques. Son ampleur reste peut-être encore méconnue. Le renforcement du plateau technique du CHU et une bonne collaboration interdisciplinaire contribuerait à un meilleur diagnostic et prise en charge de cette affection. PMID:24648863

  3. 朱熹孝伦理思想及其当代启示%Chu Hsi’s Ethics of Filially Piety and its Contemporary Enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋颖荣; 叶文振

    2015-01-01

    朱熹认为宇宙万物都是由理与气构成的,孝是对理的分殊,是当然之则。由此,朱熹提出仁是孝之本、行孝以为仁的主张,并进而指出孝的敬事父母、以父母之心为心、几谏父母以养父母之志的伦理内涵。朱熹关于孝的伦理思想对当下家风家教建设、家庭养老模式与社会养老模式的有机结合、个体人生价值之梦与中国梦之通融一体具有十分重要的理论价值与实践意义。%According to his li-chi Dualism,Chu Hsi explains filial piety as manifestation of li,and as principle of what ought to be.he also argues that jen (Goodness/Humanity) constitutes the root of filial piety,and that to be filial in order to achieve Goodness.Ethically,the filial piety implies that the young should reverentially sever the parents,sympathetically understand them,and patiently admonish them.Chu Hsi’s ethical thoughts of filial piety gives us theoretical and practical enlightenment about firstly how to cultivate family trait and home training,secondly how to combine the family and social modes of old-age pension system,and finally how to join every individual dream into the Chinese Dream.

  4. Conservation of Wooden Architecture Heritage in Vietnam%越南木建筑遗产的保护——关于CHU QUYEN公屋的保护案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chu Quyen公屋是越南现存传统公屋中最古老且具有典型特征的公屋之一,它是越南传统木建筑的代表,构件上仍保留有大量17世纪末18世纪初的特色雕刻. Chu Quyen公屋在进行修护措施之前的状况危急,部分木框架已经腐烂,一些木柱出现裂纹,有的地方不得不临时用柱子做支撑等等,这些最终导致了建筑变形.

  5. 船山学术路径:楚文化诗性视域中的儒家理性批判%On Wang Chuanshan's Academic Path:Confucian Rational Criticism from the Perspective of Poems of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧晓阳

    2015-01-01

    Wang Chuanshan's study was originated from the six classics and it had deep Chu style by criticizing Song and Ming and running through hundreds of doctrines.The nature of its studies belonged to practice.Chuanshan's study was originated from the six classics and its original was Yi Zhuan with Chu style and Zhuan and Sao with rational deduction,while inherited from the theory of Hu Hong.Yi Zhuan did not stand on learning about the eight trigrams in book of changes and it had open-minded thought by closing to Zhuan and Sao.The study was upgraded from theory to practice.Wang Chuanshan's academic was deeply influenced by Chu style and his academic was a rational reasoning system which was established on the poetic feel-ings.This reflected his rational criticism to the traditional Confucianism by poetic vision of Chu culture.%船山之学本原六经圣奥以批判宋明,贯通百家之说而深契楚风,究心性理之学而归于践履。船山为学上溯六经,本原«易传»;濡染楚风,雅好«庄»、«骚»;推演性理,而传承胡宏之论。述«易传»不拘于象数之末,近«庄»、«骚»得其闳通之思,由理气论上达践履之学。可见船山学术深受楚风濡染,是建立在诗性感悟之上的理性思辨体系,体现了王船山以楚文化之诗性眼光对传统儒学的理性批判。

  6. 湖北外宣翻译与荆楚文化输出研究%On Hubei Publicity Translation and Output of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐燕

    2014-01-01

    随着湖北经济的快速发展及对外交流的不断加强,湖北外宣翻译研究日益引起学者的重视。当前湖北外宣翻译处于“传而不通,通而不达”的困境,荆楚文化并未得到有效传播。鉴于此,本文通过分析湖北历史文化旅游景点外宣翻译呈现出来的语言特征,对外宣误译实例进行溯因,提出湖北外宣翻译的原则和策略,即一名合格的文化旅游翻译者,在外宣翻译实践中应遵循“规范性原则”和“名副其实”这两条原则;并在此基础上,合理使用异化与归化策略,并综合运用各种翻译技巧与方法,完成湖北外宣翻译的根本任务,取得理想的对外宣传效果,传播荆楚文化。%With the rapid development of economy of Hubei province, and continuous exchanges with foreign countries, Hubei publicity translation studies increasingly cause the attention of scholars. The current Hubei publicity translation is in the dilemma of “pass the impassability”, and the Chu culture has not been effectively conveyed. In view of this, this article will analyze the language characteristics of translations of historical and cultural tourist attractions to research the mistranslations. Furthermore, the translation principles and strategies of Hubei province will be put forward, namely, a qualiifed translator should follow the principle of "normative" and "real" principle in translation practice. And it is pivotal of using the strategy of foreignization and domestication as well as utilizing various translation skills and methods to accomplish the basic task of Hubei publicity translation and obtain ideal effect as well as spread Chu culture.

  7. 从语篇角度分析上古汉语的“初”和“昔”%The Analysis of Ancient Chinese"Chu"(初)and"Xi"(昔) from the Perspective of Discourse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱崇; 王毅

    2015-01-01

    “初”和“昔”都是时间副词,表示过去,两者义近,但从语篇角度来看,两者功能迥异:初”和“昔”都可以作为话语标记,但“初”主要用于记叙文体,引入的以往事件是对当前事件的补充,可称之为补叙标记;而“昔”主要用于议论文体,引入的以往事件是当前论点的事实论据,可称之为事实论据标记。%"Chu"(初)and"Xi"(昔)are both adverbs of time, which means the past, From the perspective of discourse, the two words have different functions:the"Chu"( 初 ) and"Xi"( 昔 ) can be used as discourse markers, but the"Chu"( 初 ) of past events mainly for narrative body, introduced is a supplement to current events, can be called up Supplementary narrative marks;while past events"Xi"(昔)is mainly used Argumentaries, introduced the argument is the fact that the current argument, can be called argument mark.

  8. AGFA get an Contract of Toulouse Uneversity CHU%爱克发医疗集团赢得法国图卢兹大学医院中心(CHU)价值数百万欧元的合同为该院提供了实施ORBIS医疗IT总体解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ 最近在法国签订的一系列合同证明了爱克发ORBIS系统在提高医疗机构的工作效率以及病人服务的品质方面,是欧洲市场一流的解决方案.在法国图卢兹大学医院中心(CHU)公开招标中,CHU最终选择爱克发医疗集团来实施其领先的ORBIS临床和管理信息系统,预计于2011年完成装机,将有约10,000名用户从中受惠.

  9. 竺可桢与我国气象台站的建设%Chu Coching and the Construction of Meteorological Stations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东; 丁玉平

    2014-01-01

    气象台站建设是发展气象事业和科学的基础。基于我国气象台站分散落后的事实,竺可桢通过回收外人气象台站、直接建设台站所和派人指导地方测候所建设等方式实施了中国气象台站网络建设的规划。尽管因多种原因最终未能完成计划书的布局,但到1937年,中国至少已有139个气象台站,初步形成了我国早期的测候网。这为我国近现代气象事业的繁荣发展奠定了基础。%The construction of meteorological stations is the basis of the development of meteorological science and technology. In view of the under-developed meteorological work, Chu Coching called on the government to resume the construction of meteorological stations, put forward a plan for the construction of meteorological stations and institutes, and led the staff to resume the construction of these meteorological stations. Thanks to all these efforts, he made a great contribution to the development of Chinese modern meteorological work.

  10. Geological affinity of reflecting boundaries in the intermediate structural stage of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depression based on results of vertical seismic profilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davydov, N.G.; Kiselevskiy, Yu.N.

    1983-01-01

    A computer (EVM) and an ASOI-VSP-SK program complex are used to analyze data from seismic exploration and acoustical logging with interval by interval calculation of the velocity every four meters. Vertical seismic profilling (VSP) results are used to identify all the upper layers as reference layers. The basic reference level, the third, which corresponds to the floor of the carbonate middle to upper Visean series, is not sustained due to the thin layered state of the terrigeneous section. Based on data from vertical seismic profilling, the reflected wave method (MOV) and the common depth point method (MOGT), the reference 3-a and 6-a levels are identified. Deep reflections of the seventh, 7-a and Rf, approximately confined to the roof and floor of the lower Paleozoic deposits and the upper part of the upper reef series, are noted in the series of the Caledonian cap of the Prebaykal massifs based on vertical seismic profilling. Collector levels are noted on the basis of the frequency of the wave spectra and from the absorption coefficient in the Testas structure and in other low amplitude structures. The insufficiency of the depth capability of the common depth point method and the poor knowledge level of seismic exploration of the section of the lower Paleozoa and the upper Proterozoa of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depresion are noted.

  11. Formes hémorragiques de Dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Boushab, Boushab Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    La dengue est une arbovirose ré émergente dans les pays tropicaux. Sa forme hémorragique peut s'accompagner d'une défaillance circulatoire pouvant conduire à un choc hypovolémique, souvent fatal. Nous rapportons une série de trois cas de formes hémorragiques de dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou dont l'objectif est de décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques cliniques et évolutives. Les cas étaient des jeunes de sexe féminin dont l’âge variait entre 27 ans et 43 ans, résidant dans la ville de Ouagadougou. Malgré de multiples transfusions de concentrées plaquettaires et un traitement symptomatique, nous déplorons un cas de décès. Le développement d'antiviraux et la mise au point de nouveaux vaccins constituent une lueur d'espoir pour prévenir la létalité due à cette maladie. PMID:27303584

  12. Nondestructive analysis of dragonfly eye beads from the warring states period, excavated from a Chu tomb at the Shenmingpu site, Henan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yimin; Wang, Lihua; Wei, Shuya; Song, Guoding; Kenoyer, Jonathan Mark; Xiao, Tiqiao; Zhu, Jian; Wang, Changsui

    2013-04-01

    Dragonfly eye beads are considered to be the earliest types of glass objects in China, and in the past have been considered as evidence of culture interaction or trade between West and East Asia. In this article, synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography and μ-probe energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence were used to determine the chemical composition, microstructure, and manufacturing technology of four dragonfly eye beads, excavated from a Chu tomb at the Shenmingpu site, Henan Province, China, dated stylistically to the Middle and Late Warring State Period (475 BC-221 BC). First, a nondestructive method was used to differentiate the material types including faience (glazed quartz), frit, glazed pottery (clay ceramic), and glass. Three beads were identified as faience and one bead as glazed pottery. The glaze recipe includes quartz, saltpeter, plant ash, and various copper, and is classified as belonging to the K2O-CaO-SiO2 glass system, which indicates that these beads were not imported from the West. Based on computed tomography slices, the manufacturing technology of the faience eye beads appears to include the use of an inner core, molding technology, and the direct application glazing method. These manufacturing features are consistent with the techniques used in China during this same time period for bronze mold-casting, proto-porcelain, and glass.

  13. Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

    2012-05-07

    The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

  14. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  15. Impact of Tai Chi Chu'an practice on balance and mobility in older adults: an integrative review of 20 years of research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackney, Madeleine E; Wolf, Steven L

    2014-01-01

    Falls in older adults, which often result from decreased balance and mobility, are an important public health issue. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends multidimensional balance and mobility training to prevent falls. In the past 20 years, Tai Chi Chu'an (tai chi) has been found to be effective in improving balance, reducing falls and fear of falling for older adults. Efficient use of time devoted to exercise is critical; therefore, more research is needed into the underlying mechanisms of balance and mobility improvements in older adults as a result of tai chi practice, so that these interventions can be most targeted and efficient. The purpose of this integrative review is twofold. First, evidence is presented to show that balance and mobility have been improved by tai chi in older adults. Second, potential mechanisms of balance improvement from research conducted in longtime tai chi practitioners, and from clinical research conducted in older adults, are offered. A PubMed search with the terms "tai chi" and "balance" entered simultaneously was conducted. Articles were included if they were systematic reviews, pilot or clinical trials, related to both balance and tai chi, and/or specifically related to determining the mechanisms potentially underlying tai chi's effects. The systematic reviews and meta-analyses show that aspects of tai chi research findings remain equivocal. In spite of the inconclusiveness of these review findings, many researchers have considered tai chi worthy of further investigation. Furthermore, practitioners in the clinic and those who deliver exercise in the community have evidently embraced tai chi as an appropriate exercise for older adults. This review, spanning 2 decades, suggests that tai chi has impacted the health and health behaviors of many older adults. Going forward, informing novel balance and mobility rehabilitation by uncovering mechanisms of tai chi's effects definitively may be the most important area of

  16. Different Directions to the Origin of Arts:Chu Kwang-tsien and Ernst Grosse%不同指向的艺术起源论:朱光潜与格罗塞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仁金

    2014-01-01

    The aesthetic thoughts of Chu Kwang-tsien was impelled by both Chinese and western aesthetic traditions , and On Poems was the very representative works of such feature.In that book, on the basis of western aesthetics, Chu Kwang-tsien constant-ly overcame and broke through the Chinese traditional poetic system which called “illogical and irrational” by him in order to make it more systematized.During this course of solving that problem, there was a man and a book exerting a crucial influence on Chu Kwang-tsien, that was Ernst Grosse and his book, The Beginnings of Art.But so far, the correlational studies in China involved in On Po-ems by Chu Kwang-tsien and The Beginnings of Art by Ernst Grosse hasn ’ t deserved attentions.For this reason, embarking on the content of writing, viewpoints of inheritance and textual structure between these two books to make a detailed interpretation would re-veal the profound influence of The Beginnings of art on On Poems.However, encountering the clash of tradition and reality, Chu Kwang-tsien presented a different theory of the origin of arts from the aesthetic thoughts of Ernst Grosse:arts were rooted in psychol-ogy rather than determined by the mode of production; literature and arts expressed themselves and their own individual values. Therefore, On Poems is not only worthy of our further research, but also can reveal the profound connotation and specific character of Chu Kwang-tsien’ s aesthetic thoughts, which has some reference significance to disclose the progress of modern transformation of Chinese traditional aesthetics, as well as the construction of Chinese local discourse theory.%朱光潜的美学思想融贯了中西美学两大传统,《诗论》①是这一特点的集中代表:朱光潜借助西方美学不断克服和突破中国传统诗论的“零乱琐碎”,并使其体系化和系统化。格罗塞及其代表作《艺术的起源》对朱光潜产生过至关重要的影响。朱光潜《诗

  17. Banter and Criticism: Comment on the Comic Art of Chu Opera "Ge Ma"%戏谑与批判:论楚剧《葛麻》的喜剧艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨锦辉

    2012-01-01

    The traditional Chu Opera of "Gema" is an ironic and critical comedy which "despises the poor and curries favor with the rich, compels the son - in - law to break off an engagement" Its exquisite original comedy art manifests in three aspects of the comedic characterization, the comedic play conflict and the comedic character lines. The perfect integration of these three aspects highlighted the worker Ge Ma "righleousness" , "wisdom" and "Fun" character, strengthened banter and the criticism to nouveau riche Ma Duo. " Ge Ma " with its successful comedy artistic features, becomes an outstanding model of traditional Chu Opera, which is welcomed and praised by most audience , but also creates the "Ma Ge" direction of tradition Chu Opera.%传统楚剧《葛麻》是一部讽刺和批判“嫌贫爱富、逼婿退婚”行为的喜剧,其精湛独到的喜剧艺术体现在喜剧性的人物塑造、戏剧冲突和人物台词三个方面。这三个方面的完美整合,突出了雇工葛麻“义”、“智”、“趣”的性格特征,强化了对暴发户马铎的戏谑与批判。《葛麻》以其成功的喜剧艺术特色,成为传统楚剧中的典范之作,备受观众欢迎与好评,同时也开创了传统楚剧的“葛麻”方向。

  18. On Connotation of Chu Culture and Its Representation in Image of Phoenix%楚文化的内涵及其在凤形象中的建楠

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建明; 任婷

    2012-01-01

    The formation of a nation's spiritual temperament is closely connected with the nation's historical de- velopment. A nation's history has profound influence on the nation's cultural symbol as well. By using documentation method and comparative analytical method, with the historical research perspective, the background of the formation of Chu Culture and its history have been analyzed. And the mingled relationship between Chu Culture and the image of phoenix has been explored. The research shows that the cultural temperament which phoenix presents reflects the spiri- tual connotation of "harmony between the heaven and human; incorporation of things from the East and West; no fear of authority" in Chu Culture.%民族精神气质的形成是与民族历史的发展密不可分,民族历史的发展同时也深刻地影响着民族的文化标志。运用文献资料法、比较研究法。从历史研究的视角,深入剖析楚文化产生的背景与发展历程,并从中探求楚文化内涵与凤形象间的共融关系。研究认为:凤形象所展示的文化气质正好体现了“天人合一与道法自然的浪漫意境、开放融合与兼容并包的自信心态、刚毅顽强与不惧权威的强劲人格”等楚文化的精神内质

  19. Talking about the scene of diet and cooking based on Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture) of Han dynasty%从汉画像石庖厨图谈汉代饮食烹饪状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨金萍

    2009-01-01

    汉画像石庖厨图以生动写真的画面,再现了汉代饮食烹饪状况.山东诸城等地庖厨图,描绘了占代庞大忙碌的烹饪场面,包括宰杀、汲水、蒸煮、炙烤、酿酒等各种厨事活动,展示了汉代先进烹饪厨具如釜、甑、鼎、烤炉等,以及汉人繁复的烹饪技术如蒸、煮、炮、炙等,反映了汉代丰富的食物种类.汉画像石庖厨图为我们研究汉代饮食生活提供了珍贵的资料.%The Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture)of Han dynasty stone relief reconstructed the state of dietary cooking of Han dynasty with vivid and authentic picture.The Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture)of Shandong Zhucheng city depicted ancient enormous and busy cooking scene which involved all kinds of cooking activities such as butcher,bailing,stewing,roast and brewing wine etc,displaying the advanced kitchen ware e.g.kettle,caldron,tripod,oven and complex cooking technology of Han Chinese people such as steaming,boiling,stirring baking and roast erc,reflecting rich dietary categories of Han dynasty.The Pao Chu Tu (kitchen picture)of Han dynasty stone relief provide us precious datas for the purpose of the study of dictary living of Han dynasty.

  20. The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast and Ancient Chinese Marriage Customs of“Chu Fu”%«孔雀东南飞»与中国古代“出妇”婚俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丰建霞

    2015-01-01

    通过文献研究阐述了中国古代出妇婚俗,并从出妇婚俗的角度对中国古代文学史上著名的叙事长诗«孔雀东南飞»进行了解读。出妇礼俗是古代婚姻礼俗制度的构成部分,其内容包括“七出之制”即出妻的七种规定,出妇行为遵循特定的礼仪程式进行,出妇享有一定的尊严和财产所有权。«孔雀东南飞»是一首出妇(妻)诗。兰芝被遣属“子甚宜其妻,父母不悦,出。”的情形,诗歌叙写了兰芝被遣的过程,反映了她对自己私物拥有处置权的事实。%The purpose of current study is to produce a detailed account of how “Chu Fu”works as ancient Chinese marriage custom through the review of literature,and the writer interprets The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast ———the well-known long narrative poem in China's history of litera-ture from the perspective of the customs.“Chu Fu”is a component of the ancient Chinese marriage customs.It included “The Seven Dispossession”which refers to seven stipulations when man repudi-ates his wife.The ceremony of“Chu Fu”follows specified procedures,and reserves a certain degree of dignity and property ownership to the repudiated wives.The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast is a po-em for “Chu Fu”.Lanzhi's dispossession can be categorized as the case “the son loves his wife very much,but the parents don't,then dispossesses her from the family”.The poem describes the process of Lanzhi's dispossession,and reflects the fact that Lanzhi has right to dispose her personal belong-ings.

  1. Distribuição da fauna de peixes demersais e ecologia dos Sciaenidae da plataforma continental brasileira, entre as latitudes 29º21'S (Tôrres e 33º41'S (Chuí Distribution of demersal fish fauna and ecology of Sciaenidae on the Brazilian continental shelf from 29º21'S (Torres to 33º44'S (Chuí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelso Vazzoler

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a study on Brazilian south coast continental shelf demersal fish fauna distribution and Sciaenidae ecology, comprising the latitudes between Torres (29º21'S -49º44'W and Chuí (33º41'S - 53º27'W. The data on oceanographic as well as on ichthyological variables were obtained from six cruises planned to cover all seasons during the period from April 1968 to March 1969. The variation of the physical conditions of the bottom water layer is studied covering temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and type of bottom. The demersal fish families distribution is presented according to its frequencies of occurrence and its particular abundance. As Sciaenidae family shows to be the most important predominant group each species is studied in detail with reference to its distribution and relative abundance, as well as its spatial and temporal variations according to the abiotic environment. Relationship between Sciaenidae species is also discussed concerning feeding habits and the Cole coefficient of inter-specific association is estimated for pairs of species.

  2. Les complications chirurgicales de la transplantation rénale à partir du donneur vivant: expérience du CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intissar Haddiya

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: La transplantation rénale (TR est actuellement considérée comme un traitement de choix de l’insuffisance rénale chronique terminale (IRCT. Ses résultats se sont améliorés au cours des dernières années. Cependant, les complications chirurgicales demeurent graves car elles touchent un rein unique et surviennent sur un terrain fragilisé par l’insuffisance rénale et l’immunosuppression. L’objectif de ce travail est d’évaluer la fréquence des complications chirurgicales lors de l’activité de TR au CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat, et de dégager les facteurs ayant influé l’apparition de ces complications. METHODES: Étude rétrospective des patients transplantés rénaux à partir de donneurs vivants apparentés (DVA de Juin 1999 à Décembre 2008 dans notre centre hospitalo-universitaire. Nous avons recensé les caractéristiques propres au receveur, au prélèvement, au donneur ainsi qu’au greffon. Les complications chirurgicales ont été colligées ainsi que leur prise en charge et évolution. RESULTATS: Soixante sept dossiers ont été analysés avec un suivi moyen de 55 +/- 28 mois. 38 complications chirurgicales ont été recensées : sténose des artères rénales (38,7%, lymphocèle (21%, hématome (12,7%, thrombose vasculaire (7,8%, reflux vésico-urétéral (4,8%, rupture du greffon (3,2%, calcul (1 cas, éventration (1 cas, L’analyse statistique de notre série n’a pas mis en évidence de facteurs de risque significatifs semblant influer sur l’incidence des complications chirurgicales. CONCLUSION: La morbidité liée aux complications chirurgicales de la TR reste élevée nécessitant un diagnostic et un traitement adéquat afin d’éviter les répercussions sur la survie des patients et des greffons.

  3. 试论包山2号楚墓饰棺连璧制度%On the Institution of Decorating Coffins with Bi Discs Reflected in Chu Tomb No.2 at Baoshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凤春

    2001-01-01

    The institution of decorating coffins was a part of funeral ritual in the pre-Qin period and featured strict hierarchy. One of its versions was the practice of decorating coffins with bi discs. Jade bi as funeral objects are often seen in Chu State tombs, and many of them are placed outside coffins,which, however, remains beyond researchers' attention as the coffins have been rotted or robbed in most cases. In Chu Tomb No. 2 at Baoshan, the coffin-furnishing institution and the exact place of jade bi are seen rather clear. The finds indicate that the jade bi must have been fixed as coffin decorations outside the inner coffin, on the end wall. It is very likely that they were intended to function as the opening for the spirits of the deceased to pass through. The use of bi as funeral objects can be traced to the Hongshan and Liangzhu cultures, and was followed in the Han period. But the institution of decorating coffins with bi in the Han dynasty paled before the previous one in both function and religious sense. On the one hand, the bi for coffin decoration were largely not real and were transformed towards a design; on the other, the number of bi and the place where they were fixed were decided extremely at will.

  4. Divinities and Spirits in the Activities of Magic Prayer Recorded on the Baoshan Chu Bamboo Slips%包山简所见楚地巫祷活动中的神灵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连劭名

    2001-01-01

    Among the Chu State bamboo slips from Baoshan, there are those recording activitiesof divination and magic prayer and, in many cases, mentioning the names of divinities and spirits, whichconstitute greatly significant material to the study of the Chu people's folklore and religious belief. Of these names the most important are “Jia 夹” i.e. “Ming命 ” in textual records ; “Zhifu 至福 ” and“Zhiming 至命”,i. e. “Xiuming 休命”;“Yongzhong?D3乐铡? the divinity for both y/n and yang ; “Ren Yu人禹”; the honorific title of Yu, one of the greatest human beings in a position higher than that of di-vinities in ancient people's mind; “Mingzu 明祖”, the source of light, i. e. the essence of the sun and“Jianmuwei 渐木位”, i.e. “Mingshu 命树” mentioned in the Taiping Scripture 《太平经》 .The rest in-eludes “Zu 祖 ”, “Bingsi 兵死”, “Zhiniu直牛”, “Shuishang水上”and “Moren没人”, which are also stud-ied to a certain extent in the present paper.

  5. OBSERVATION ON MICROSTRUCTURE AND ULTROSTRUCTURE OF THE VENOMOUS GLAND IN STINGRAY (DASYATIS LAEVIGALUS CHU)%光魟毒腺的显微和超微结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓萍; 张克凌; 于业军; 方丽华; 王海青; 孙衍增

    2001-01-01

    In order to study the mechanism of Stingrays Dasyatis laevigalus Chu sting, the structure of the venomous gland of the Stingray was observed under light microsc ope and electromicroscope. The results showed that the venom tissue was the strati fied epithelium in the ventral lateral grooves. The epithelium consisted of abou t4 layers of cells from the base to the surface. The cells in stratum basale we re basophilic cuboidal cells which rested on the basement membrane. The cells abov e the stratum basale were polygonal cells with central nucleus and cytoplasm fil led with rough endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome, golgi apparatus and tonofibril. There were a few eosinophilic cells in HE staining scattered among the polygona l cells. Eosinophilic cells above the polygonal cells to the surface of the epit helium were about 10 layers and were also polygonal profile and were filled with many membranebound, electronlucent secretory granules (venom granules)in cy to plasma.Some free ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulium, golgi complexes and t onofilament were observed in the eosinophilic cells. Near the superficial cells the venom granules were fused. The superficial cell were flat which cytoplasm w ere filled with fused venom granules and degenerating mitochondria. The cell mem brane next to free surface thickened significantly like keratose. Melanocytes, l angerhans cells and merkel cells were also observed in the venom epithelium. The results suggest that the substances in the membranecoated, electronlucent g ra nules in eosinophilic cells may be the key factor in the envenomation by Stingrays.%为探讨魟类螫伤机理,用光镜和电镜观察了光魟的毒棘腹外侧纵沟内的毒腺的组织结构。结果表明:光魟的毒腺为复层上皮。从基底面到游离面依次为基底层、棘细胞层和嗜酸性细胞层。基底层细胞和棘层的细胞嗜碱性,棘细胞间有少量、散在分布的嗜酸性细胞;棘细胞的

  6. 浅析琵琶曲《霸王卸甲》的悲剧表现手段%On the Tragic Expression Techniques in Chinese Lute Music "King Chu Takes off his Armor"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐雪婷

    2012-01-01

    通过对《霸王卸甲》的背景、传谱、题材、演奏形式等进行探析,挖掘琵琶“以悲为美”的器乐特性,从表现、手段上加深对乐曲艺术的理解和掌握。%By taking the Chinese lute music "King Chu takes off his armor" as article studies its background, famiiy spectrum, theme and performance form, the research object, this and meanwhile explores its characteristics of instrumental music ( viewing sorrow as beauty) of Chinese Pipa so as to enhance our understanding of musical art from the expression techniques.

  7. A Study on Land Tax of Qing Dynasty in Tianzhu Area of Guizhou Based on Chu Tiezi%从除贴字等看清代贵州天柱地区田赋实征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪波; 龙泽江; 吴声榕

    2016-01-01

    清代清水江文书中的契约,不仅具有对私有财产协商解决机制的功能,同时也具有保障国家田赋征收的协商解决机制功能。清代天柱文书中的“除贴字”“计开过亩清单”是民间有关田赋征收的一种协商解决的有效实现机制。%There are two main functions of the contract of Qingshuijiang Documents in Qing dynasty, which are the mechanisms for negotiated solution on private property and guaranteeing the national land tax. Chu Tiezi and the inventory of Ji Kai Guo Mu are examples of effective implementation mechanism of negotiated solution related to land tax.

  8. Comparison of Natural and Social Roles of Mythological Characters in Chu Ci and Theogony%«楚辞»和«神谱»神话人物的自然和社会角色比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭家海; 华亚颖

    2015-01-01

    为促进中西文化的交流、传播和传承,通过叙述、对比分析,从自然角色和社会角色两个方面对«楚辞»中的神话人物和«神谱»中的希腊神话人物进行对比研究,归纳出其异同与造成异同的原因。其相似原因在于古中国和古希腊对大自然崇高的敬畏;差异的根源在于«楚辞»中的神话人物中反映了东方根深蒂固的集体主义精神,而«神谱»反映了西方的个人主义。%The comparative study of mythology and Greek mythology of Kun Lun can understand ancestors′living conditions,primitive society,ideas and psychological conditions of different ethG nic ancestors,and help promote the exchange and dissemination of Chinese and Western cultures and heritages.This paper compared the natural role and social role of mythological characters in Chu Ci and Theogony,by discussing the similarities and differences between Chinese and Western mythology and summaried the causes of the differences:Collectivism reflected in Chu Ci and indiG vidualism in Theogony.

  9. The study on essential oil components and comparison of identification in Chinese cassia and Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu.%国产肉桂和大叶清化桂的鉴别比较及其挥发油成分研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世伟

    2011-01-01

    The paper compares Chinese cassia with Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu in macroscopical identification, microscopical identification, and physicochemical identification, and determing the content of essential oil in different parts of two plants.The results showed Cinnamadehyde content in Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu is higher than Chinese cassia, its quality is superior.%对国产肉桂与大叶清化桂的性状鉴别、显微鉴别、理化鉴别进行了比较,并测定了二者不同部位挥发油含量,论证了大叶清化桂皮中桂皮醛含量要高于国产肉桂,其质较优.

  10. On Chu Anping's Political Steering——Social Interaction Network Perspective-based Inspection%也谈储安平的政治转向——基于社会交往网络视角的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志峰; 冶芸

    2012-01-01

    Scholars to Chu Anping's political shift,most of the reasons attributed to the social background.This view is certainly reflected the truth of history,but there is a danger of reductionism.And Chu Anping,when in contact with friends in Shanghai,mostly Communists or leftists,their political attitudes and political choices had a significant impact in depicting Chu Anping.Therefore,from the perspective of social interaction,Chu Anping's political turn to the detailed study of historical and situational,not only provides a new perspective,but also for the post-war narrative of the history of intellectuals provides another statement.%学界对储安平政治转向的研究,大多将原因归于社会大背景。这种观点固然反映了历史的真实,但存在化约主义的危险。在上海,与储安平时相往来的朋友大多为共产党员或者左翼人士,他们的政治态度和政治选择在潜移默化中对储安平产生了重大影响。因此,从社会交往的角度分析储安平的政治转向,进行历史情境式的细节研究,不但提供了一种崭新的视角,也为战后知识分子发展史的叙述提供了另一种言说方式。

  11. 几个影响储良龙眼果实大小的因素的相关性分析%Analysis of Correlation among Several Influences of Affecting "Chu-liang" Longan [ Euphoria longan( Lour.) Steud.] Fruit Size

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林盛; 罗革彬; 唐燕琼; 罗志文; 李向宏; 胡福初; 周文静; 张利民

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the correlation among several influences of affecting "Chu-liang" Longgan fruits. [Method] The single fruit weight,fruit weight per fruiting sucker,fruit sucker diameter,leaf-umbrella length,leaf-umbrella width,leaf weight,the number of leaves and the number of fruits and so on of Hainan 6 year-old ' Chuliang' longan plants, repeating 6 times, were observed, and then analyzed them by correlation regression analysis and mutivariate gradually regression analysis. [Result] The partial regression coefficients of the number of leaves (positive effect) and the number of fruits(negative effect) to single fruit weight were most significant,but there was not significance for the other indices. The fruit number and single fruit weight were extremely significantly correlated with the fruit weight per fruiting sucker. The fruit sucker diameter was no significant correlated with the fruit weight per fruiting sucker. [ Conclusion ] The study provides a theoretic basis for blossom and fruit thinning during the production of "Chu-liang" longan.%[目的]探讨几个影响储良龙眼[ Euphoria longan(Lour.) Steud.]果实大小的因素的相关性.[方法]采取单株小区,6次重复,对海南6年生储良龙眼的单果重、单穗果重、果枝粗度、叶蓬长度、叶蓬宽度、叶重、叶片数和果实个数等性状指标进行观测,并对其进行相关回归分析和多元逐步回归分析.[结果]叶片数和果实个数对单果重的偏回归系数均达到极显著,果实个数对单果重为负效应;果枝粗度、叶蓬长度、叶蓬宽度和叶重等对单果重的偏回归系数不显著;果实个数和单果重对每穗果重的偏回归系数均达到极显著;果枝粗度等对每穗果重的偏回归系数不显著.[结论]该研究可以为储良龙眼生产中疏花疏果确定留果量提供理论依据.

  12. 从诗、骚草木意象看人文生态教学思想的拓展%The Ecology Thought of Humanities Education Development from the View of Plant Images in Songs & Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰玲

    2015-01-01

    There are a lot of image of trees and flowers in The Book of Songs and The Odes of Chu, which help to transmit the ecological thoughts in the humanistic teaching in colleges and universities. The plants image in The Book of Songs are still materials in nature, but in The Odes of Chu, they have become literary images, which mingle with human being’ s feeling and philosophy obviously. We can find a lot of similar images in these two books, for example, we can see the change clearly from nature landscape into literature images after human being step in from the images of sonchus oleraceus, osmund and wutong tree and pine. Moreover, these images have profound influence in ecology humanities education theory.%诗、骚孕育了大量草木意象,表达了自然的美与人文创作的和谐融合。这些意象有助于对高校人文教学中生态思想的引导与传播,是很好的个案。«诗经»中的草木意象是突出其实用价值和生物特性的自然物象,而到了«楚辞»,人的因素明显强化,草木已是自然之象与诗人之意的融汇。将诗、骚中所有山脉与草木意象列表对比,可发现许多共同意象,由此可清晰地看到它们由自然之物象,融合诗人的情感与寓意之后,成为动人的文学意象,体现了人与自然的和谐,具有丰富的生态思想。对今天的生态教育理念拓展具有重要意义。

  13. On Identity of the Grave Master in Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei Dynasty:A Probe into the Grandfather of SIMA Chu-zhi%《东魏司马昇墓志》墓主人身份考--兼考司马楚之的祖父

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗尔波; 周香均

    2015-01-01

    Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei has certain historical value.However,the identity of the grave master is yet to be verified.According to the epigraph and the relevant records in Book of J in ,Book of Wei and A History of Northern Dynasty ,we can identify SIMA Sheng as the grave master whose grandfather was SIMA Chu-zhi.His father was SI-MA Bao-ying who was the descendent of Pengcheng King.Through the verification of SIMA Chu-zhi as his grandfather,the author of this paper has finally managed to work out the family extraction from SIMA Kui to SIMA Chu-zhi and SIMA Sheng.%《东魏司马昇墓志》具有一定的史料价值,但其墓主人身份尚待考证。根据墓志铭文和《晋书》《魏书》《北史》的相关记载考证,明确了墓主人司马昇的身份,他的祖父为司马楚之,父亲为司马宝胤,是晋彭城王之后。并通过考证司马楚之祖父的身份,最终理清了从司马馗到司马楚之、司马昇的世系。

  14. 《离骚》中“香草美人”意象及其与楚文化的关系%The image of the vanilla and the beauty in Li Sao and the Chu culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方崇婧; 徐柏青

    2014-01-01

    《离骚》用大量文墨写了各类香草,并且还多次提到“美人”或“美女”。《离骚》中充满灵性的香草象征着诗人美好的品质及诗人对美好品质的追求,而“美人”意象,不仅比喻君臣关系,也用来象征诗人对理想的炽热追求和追求失败的痛苦。香草美人意象的运用,使《离骚》不仅内涵丰富,而且也极富浪漫色彩。“香草美人”意象是屈原的艺术创新,这种创新实际上与楚国地理环境、楚国巫文化,以及庄子浪漫主义有着密切的关系。%In Li Sao by Qu Yuan ,many kinds of vanillas were written ,the beauty was mentioned many times .Vanilla stood for the fine quality of the poet , and the beauty for the wise kings .The art images came from the geographical environment , the witchcraft of Chu culture and the romantic of Zhuangzi .

  15. An Inquiry into the 28 Lodges (xiu) in Daybooks (Ri Shu) on Bamboo Slips of the Chu and Qin States%楚、秦简《日书》中的二十八宿问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟守华

    2009-01-01

    楚、秦简中关于二十八宿的新史料,对考释二十八宿在战国至秦代的演变有着重要价值.重点探讨了其中的二十八宿古距度、旦昏中星、日在星宿、四象分度不均匀、二十八宿数与二十八宿星占等问题.%The new historical materials concerning the 28 lodges found in Daybooks (Ri Shu) written on bamboo slips of the Chu and Qin states play an important role in investigations into the e-volution of these lodges in China from the Warring States Period to the Qin dynasty. This paper lays stress on the material in these sources relating to the so-called 'old' angular widths of the 28 lodges, dusk and dawn culminating stars, the stellar lodges in which the sun was located, the inequality of the divisions of the sky linked to the four emblematic animals, the number of the 28 lodges and stellar divination based on the 28 lodges.

  16. Further Correction to Chu Ci Bu Zhu of Zhonghua Book Company Edition%中华书局重印本《楚辞补注》点校补正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵杰

    2015-01-01

    Chu Ci Bu Zhu has been reprinted multiple times since the Zhong Hua Book Company edition in 1983. Modifica-tions can be found in each edition ever since. Zhong Hua Book Company reprinted this book in 2009, which was identical to the 2002 edition. Although corrections have been made to the punctuations of the 2002 edition, there are still punctuations missing, mistaken, and inconsistent. Thus the author intends to make further corrections.%中华书局1983年版《楚辞补注》重印过多次,每次重印均有挖补修改。仅2009年中华书局重印此书,与2002年重印本无异。2002年后学界有数篇文章对2002年重印本的标点问题进行了一些改正,惜有未尽未确之处。其间漏标、误标、前后不一者多处,今就所见予以补正。

  17. 九连墩楚墓出土璧玉、石磬和镶嵌物的科学分析%Scientific Analysis on Jasper, Chime Stone and Embedded Object Excavated from Jiuliandun Chu Tomb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏国锋; 秦颍; 胡雅丽; 董亚巍; 王昌燧

    2011-01-01

    本文采用X射线衍射技术和X射线荧光分析技术对九连墩楚墓出土的璧玉、石磬和镶嵌物进行了物相分析和成分分析。结果表明璧玉的主要成分为透闪石,石磬的主要成分为方解石。同时对镶嵌物的分析表明当时可能采用的是红铜镶嵌技术。这次分析为九连墩出土文物的复仿制和进一步的保护工作提供了科学依据。%Phase and composition of the jasper, chime stone and embedded object excavated from Jiuliandun Chu Tomb was analyzed with methods of X-Ray Diffraction Technology and X-Ray Fluor- escence Spectrometric Analytical Technology.. The results suggest that the main composition of jasper and chime stone are tremolite and calcite, respectively, whereas the rose copper embedding technology was adopted at that time. The study offers scientific foundations for deplicating, modeling and conserv- ing these cultural relics.

  18. Local Narrative of Painful Reform History---Comment on Chu He's Long Novel of Neem Tree%改革痛史的地方性叙事--评楚荷长篇小说《苦楝树》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婷; 刘郁琪

    2014-01-01

    Chu He’s long novel Neem Tree,which explores the rise and fall history of a state -owned enterprises from the perspective of an ordinary worker,attempts to historically transcend “reform literature”since the early 1980s.It eschews the previous reform literature which concerned only with factory leadership narrative conven-tion,and focuses on bottom lives of the workers.The novel shows the pain of humanity and culture in the process of the reform,and creatively reproduces and constructs the local knowledge on the basis of Xiangtan.It is another successful attempt in “reform literature”since the new century.%楚荷的长篇小说《苦楝树》,以一个普通工人的视角来探察国有工厂的兴衰史,企图对1980年代初以来的中国“改革文学”进行历史化的超越。它避开以往改革文学仅关注工厂领导层的的叙事惯例,聚焦底层职工生活,着力表现改革过程中的人性与文化之痛,并创造性地再现和建构了以湘潭为依托的地方性知识,是新世纪以来改革文学的又一力作。

  19. Late Miocene-Pleistocene evolution of India-Eurasia convergence partitioning between the Bhutan Himalaya and the Shillong Plateau: New evidences from foreland basin deposits along the Dungsam Chu section, eastern Bhutan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutand, Isabelle; Barrier, Laurie; Govin, Gwladys; Grujic, Djordje; Hoorn, Carina; Dupont-Nivet, Guillaume; Najman, Yani

    2016-12-01

    The Shillong Plateau is a unique basement-cored uplift in the foreland of the eastern Himalaya that accommodates part of the India-Eurasia convergence since the late Miocene. It was uplifted in the late Pliocene to 1600 m, potentially inducing regional climatic perturbations by orographically condensing part of the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) precipitations along its southern flank. As such, the eastern Himalaya-Shillong Plateau-ISM is suited to investigate effects of tectonics, climate, and erosion in a mountain range-broken foreland system. This study focuses on a 2200 m thick sedimentary section of the Siwalik Group strategically located in the lee of the Shillong Plateau along the Dungsam Chu at the front of the eastern Bhutan Himalaya. We have performed magnetostratigraphy constrained by vitrinite reflectance and detrital apatite fission track dating, combined with sedimentological and palynological analyses. We show that (1) the section was deposited between 7 and 1 Ma in a marginal marine deltaic transitioning into continental environment after 5 Ma, (2) depositional environments and paleoclimate were humid with no major change during the depositional period indicating that the orographic effect of the Shillong Plateau had an unexpected limited impact on the paleoclimate of the Bhutanese foothills, and (3) the diminution of the flexural subsidence in the basin and/or of the detrital input from the range is attributable to a slowdown of the displacement rates along the Main Boundary Thrust in eastern Bhutan during the latest Miocene-Pleistocene, in response to increasing partitioning of the India-Eurasia convergence into the active faults bounding the Shillong Plateau.

  20. Technique and Art of Lacquer Painting:Research on Cultural Values and Promotion of Chu Lacquer Art in Wuling Mountains Area%磨漆画的工与艺并重*--楚漆艺术在武陵山片区的文化价值与价值提升研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柏山

    2014-01-01

    Chu lacquer art is a major cultural feature of Wuling Mountains area including Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou and Chongqing region, mainly using natural lacquer to decorate the objects’ surface. Chinese lacquer craft "for the first time making a spurt of progress and prosperity in history"is mainly because of the development of Chu lacquer ware. Its decoration techniques, including painting by colors, tracing in gold, covering with gold and inlaying with mosaic, form a unique lacquer culture. For a long time, the lacquer painting has been included in the industrial art category because of too much emphasis on technology. As a result, the modern lacquer paintings using polyurethane chemical paint to teach, study and create, brought misleading and toxicity to the society. However, because of few research on the lacquer painting, the controversy is suspended, which has seriously affected the development of lacquer painting as an independent form of painting, and also affected the discovery and improvement of Chu lacquer art and its cultural value. Through the investigation of Chu lacquer art of Wuling Mountains area, it is found that the relationship between grinding lacquer painting and Chu lacquer art is inherited, which means lacquer painting is a modern extension of Chu lacquer art.%楚漆艺术是武陵山片区即渝、鄂、湘、黔相邻地区的一大文化特色,主要是利用天然大漆在器物表面进行髹饰。中国漆工艺在“历史上的第一次突飞猛进、兴衰繁荣”主要是由楚国漆器的发展而显示出来的。楚漆艺术的装饰技法有彩绘、描金、贴金、镶嵌等,形成了一种特有的漆器文化。磨漆画是漆器装饰的平面化。长期以来,因过于注重工艺,而被列入工艺美术的范畴。现代的磨漆画教学、研究与创作大多采用聚氨酯化学漆以实施,带来的误导与对人身体的毒害在社会上影响不小,所以不少画家对此画嗤之以鼻。但由于研

  1. 《橘颂》的传承与突破——兼论屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因与胜处%THE HERITAGE AND BREAKTHROUGH OF "ODE TO ORANGE": On Chu Yuan "s Motivation and Achievements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怡良

    2012-01-01

    The poem "Ode to Orange" is a piece of Chu Yuan's poetic work collected in the Nine Chapters, Chu Ci. Its uniqueness in theme, content, and representation has rendered it a model for later poets who used ordinary objects to express feelings and thoughts. The extrinsic factors of Chu Yuan's literary creation included the feelings towards natural ecology, the induction of witchcraft, the enlightenment of fairy tales, and the atmosphere of arts. The intrinsic factors of his literary creation included the appeals against his treatments, the inspirations of literature, the confidence in his talents, and his political ambitions. Some scholars believed that the spirit of Chu Ci was originated from The Book of Odes. Its title, form, theme and style were influenced by the poems "The Weeds in the Field" and "The Owl" in The Book of Odes. The poem "Ode to Orange" indicated a developmental transition from The Book of Odes to Chu Ci. In fact, there were also creativeness and innovations in addition to elements of heritage, which served as major subjects of discussion in this paper. The author believes that "Ode to Orange" is more creative than the tradition owing to Chu Yuan's extraordinary talent, knowledge, the integration of his spirit, concerns of life, suppressing the desire of materials and his national consciousness.%《橘颂》是《楚辞·九章》中之一篇,是后世托物言志诗赋的典范,被誉为“咏物之祖”。屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因,有外缘,还有内因。自然生态之引发,巫风盛行之诱导,神话典故之感悟,艺术氛围之冲激,是屈原创作《橘颂》的外缘;表达愤懑之诉求,博览群籍之启示,展现才德之自信,流露参政之志向,则是屈原创作《橘颂》的内因。楚辞乃为《诗经》之变,《橘颂》之标题、体制、主旨、写法乃因袭《诗经》之《野有蔓草》、《鸱鹗》等诗作而来。更可贵者,是屈原创

  2. 朱子、象山和阳明哲学终极天理的实在性与内在性%Reality and Immanence of Ultimate Tianli in Philosophy Thoughts of Chu His, Lu Hsiangshan, and Wang Yangming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑非

    2014-01-01

    In Neo Confucianism,Chu His,Lu Hsiang shan and Wang Yang ming had the same opinion on insisting the reality of the ultimate Tianli,but only Wang addressed that Xin and Tianli is the same thing in ontological meaning,therefore,as to Wang,the conception Xin has the ontological meaning.According-ly,they have different opinion in respect of the immanence of Tianli.Zhu considered Tianli is immanent not only in the everything outside,but also in the mind(Xin)of human being,so his theory of Gong fu also had two directs,one is Dao Wen xue,which means learning from the outside to know the Tianli,the other is Zun De xing,which means learning from inside and do something to be a good person.Lu and Wang paid more attention to the inside respect in their theory of Gongfu because they thought that it is more im-portant to realize the immanence of Tianli in the respect of human being than of everything outside.Howev-er,there is a distinction between Lu and Wang Lu didn't explain why Xin can have many relationships to the everything outside because he didn't realize the ontological meaning of Xin,whereas Wang solved this problem later.%在宋明理学终极天理的实在性上,朱子、象山、阳明均持肯定态度,只是阳明强调心理一体,心具有本体论的意义。在终极天理的内在性上,朱子兼强调其内在于万物与内在于人的两个方面,所以他的工夫论既有向外的“道问学”,又有向内的“尊德性”;象山和阳明强调其内在于人上,故而他们的工夫论重在向内的“尊德性”。由于象山没有指出心在本体论上与终极之理是一体的,所以他并没有详细论证心对于外物的统摄地位。这一点直到阳明才得到了较好的处理。

  3. Chu Jiwang:Modern Confucian Businessman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Modern Confucian businessman is not just a title. A Confucianminded businessman is abusinessman with the highest value bridging modern and traditional cultures.He embodies not only the depth of the traditional culture but also the openness of modern business concepts.

  4. 论洮河古名的藏缅语源与文化观念——"鲁神"的早期地名记录及其与彩陶蛙纹的关系%The Etymology of Tao River and its Cultural Concept:An Explanation of Klu-chu and the Frog Pattern on Painted Pottery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘铁程

    2015-01-01

    洮河之名在秦人的视野中首先出现,衍生出一系列历史地名.藏语称洮河为"碌曲"(鲁曲,贒?翽?),意为鲁神之河,在藏文史籍中也有较长的文献记录."洮"字上古音拟音可以与其藏语名贒(klu)对音,表明"洮河"之名源于早期的藏缅语.鲁神地名的这一记录为讨论史前甘青地区彩陶上的蛙纹等纹饰提供了研究线索.%The place name of Tao River(洮河)appeared in the Pre-Qin Period, which was the western border-land of the Qin. The ancient Tibet- Burman people lived in this area, and the Tibetans call this river as Klu-chu. Klu is a native deity of Tibet, which commonly lives in the water and could induce some skin disease. The archa-ic Chinese phonology of Tao(洮) is a record of Klu, its archaic pronunciation is similar with Klu. So the place name of klu-chu has a history of more than two thousand years. Many Neolithic relics situated in the drainage ar-ea of Tao River, which are famous for the Painted Pottery. The Frog Pattern on Painted Pottery indicates the con-cept of Klu.

  5. Salmonella spp. and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli prevalence in an ocellated lizard (Timon lepidus) research center in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Remigio; Sánchez, Sergio; Alonso, Juan Manuel; Herrera-León, Silvia; Rey, Joaquín; Echeita, Maria Aurora; Morán, Jose María; García-Sánchez, Alfredo

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this work was to study the epidemiological status of Salmonella spp. and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in an ocellated lizard research center focusing on the risk and hygiene aspects. Fecal and environmental samples were collected and examined for Salmonella spp. and STEC. Isolates were detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and characterized using serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Overall, 52% of samples were positive for Salmonella spp. using RT-PCR and seven isolates were obtained from samples from ocellated lizards and their environment, whereas no samples were positive for STEC. Salmonella isolates belonged to S. enterica subsp. enterica serovar Kibusi and S. enterica subsp. salamae serovars 41:z10:z6 and 18:z10:z6, some of which have previously been isolated from human sources. Indistinguishable and closely related PFGE types were found, which supported the existence of horizontal transmission between animals due to crowding of animals and the persistence of Salmonella in the environment. The results of the current study emphasize the need for improved prevention efforts and good hygiene practices in research centers, recuperation centers, and zoos with reptiles to minimize the exposure of personnel and visitors to this pathogen.

  6. 甲骨文“周”笺识--楚简“菐”声字研究之三%Annotations of “周” in Oracle Inscriptions --Study Series III of Phone“菐”in Chu Bamboo Slips

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞绍宏; 梁艳静; 于艳艳

    2015-01-01

    殷商卜辞中有“周”,周公庙遗址龟甲刻辞上有“繁”。“”旧释“璞”。“”、“”有读“翦”之说,或以为“周”之“周”为姬姓之周。考察金文以及楚简文献中相关字形,“”、“”当释“璞”,读为“薄”。“周”之“周”非为姬姓之周。%In oracle inscriptions of Yin-Shang Dynasty, there is “周” and “繁” on the tortoise shells once interpreted as “菐”. “”as“” as “翦” in Duke Zhou Temple. There is also opinion that “周” of “周” be the surname of姬 . After researching about the grapheme insome Chinese inscriptions on ancient bronze objects and Chu bamboo slips, this paper assumes“”、“” should be “菐” and read as “bo”, “周” of “周” therefore is not the surname of姬.

  7. Rites Combining with the Origin and Music Pre ferring the Chu---Research on Liu Bang’ s Thoughts about Music and Dance%礼不忘本乐好楚声--汉高祖刘邦乐舞思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季伟

    2015-01-01

    史书关于汉高祖的乐舞史料记载并不多,只是从不同角度记述了高祖为君、为夫、为父的事迹,其中也反映出了高祖刘邦胸怀博大、继往开来,礼不忘本、乐好楚声,率性而起、即兴而歌,载歌载舞、人文关怀的乐舞思想特征。%There are less historical records about Liu Bang’ s thoughts about music and dance.Even though they are mainly about how he acts as the emperor, the husband, and the father, they can still reflect the traits of his thoughts about music and dance such as being open-minded and inheriting the past and directing the future, rites combining with the origin and music preferring the Chu, behaving following the nature and singing without preparation, singing and dancing and humanistic care.In a word, his thoughts about music and dance impose a great influence on the following generations.

  8. Analysis on the Misuse and Causes of “chu qi bu yi ”in Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Other Works%《三国演义》等作品中“出其不意”的误用及其成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡亚玲

    2015-01-01

    成语是长期以来形成的固定词组,在使用中都有其固定的用法,但近来考察语料发现《三国演义》等古代作品中成语“出其不意”却有少量与众不同的用法。这一特殊用法数量有限,且主要分布在通俗文学作品中。它的出现应与说、写者的“误用”有关,而不能将其看作是独立的义项。%The idioms are fixed phrases for a long time. It has fixed usage in using, but we find the idiom“chu qi bu yi ” which has a few different usage through the study of the corpus such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms and other ancient works recently. The quantity of special usage not only is limited, but also it distributes mainly in the popular literary works. Its appearance should be told the misuse of the writer, and it can not be regarded as independent sense.

  9. The Profound Connotation of Ode to Fairy Disenchantment and Cao Xueqin's Complex of the Chu Style Poems%《警幻仙姑赋》的深层意蕴及曹雪芹的“师楚”情结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷卫国; 许洪波

    2012-01-01

    关于《红楼梦》中《警幻仙姑赋》的争议历来颇多。它与曹植的《洛神赋》在文字表达等方面有太多相似之处。从挖掘《洛神赋》背后的深意入手,可最终得出这样的结论:对残酷现实的情感宣泄以及人生理想的幻灭是曹雪芹效仿《洛神赋》的根本目的,更是创作《警幻仙姑赋》的深层动机;同时《警幻仙姑赋》在体裁选择及写作手法上所体现出的"师楚"情结,也使《警幻仙姑赋》的悲剧意味得以进一步延伸和升华。%People's views differ in understanding Ode to Fairy Disenchantment in A Dream of Red Mansions.It is similar to Ode to Goddess Luoyang in expression.A study of Ode to Goddess Luoyang shows that release of his emotions about the cruel reality and the illusion of his ideals are the reasons for his imitation of Ode to Goddess Luoyang and the motive of his Ode to Fairy Disenchantment.Furthermore,Cao's choice of genre and writing techniques shows his love of the Chu Style poems,thus contributing to the tragic atmosphere of his own poem.

  10. Translating Chinese Poetry into English Poetry and Adaptive Employment of English Poetic Forms--Taking ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu as the Example%以诗译诗与借形传神--以卓振英《大中华文库·楚辞》英译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2014-01-01

    以诗译诗与借形传神是卓振英《楚辞》英译文的特色。译者进行总体审度和合理调适,借用传统英语诗歌的四行诗体、双行偶韵诗体、三行诗体、五行诗体、十行诗体以及半格律半自由诗体等形式,努力再现《楚辞》的意境美,在很大程度上体现了以译入语文化为导向的翻译理念,这在深层次上是因为这种形式借鉴对英语世界读者更具亲和力,它是沟通译入语文化与源语文化的纽带。%The obvious features of ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu lies the following aspects: “translating Chinese poetry into English poetry” and “adaptive employment of English poetic forms”. Through overall consideration and reasonable adjustment, the translator tries his best to reflect the beauty of artistic conception of the original text by using different forms of traditional English poetry, including quatrain, couplet, triplet, quintet, ten-line-stanza, and so on, which shows target language culture oriented conception. Such affinity form is a link between target language culture and source language culture.

  11. A brief explanation of the Chu bamboo slips Hengxian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Wangeng

    2006-01-01

    The discovery of Hengxian and the formation of the category of hengxian are an important recapitulation and creative integration of the theory of the ontological Dao(Tao)in the Pre-Qin period.The cosmology of"self-creating and self-functioning"in Hengxian and the theory of"self-creating and self-evolving"in Liezi and Zhuangzi can be mutually interpreted.It indicates that the theory of transformation of qi entered a quite mature state in the Warring States Period.

  12. [Fatal methadone poisoning: observations at the CHU of Liege].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denooz, R; Charlier, C

    2006-01-01

    All methadone-associated deaths from October 2002 to April 2005 are analysed. A regular increase in these fatal intoxications has been recorded, in Belgium as in other countries, due, in particular, to an intensified prescription of this product, of which illicit use as street dope becomes problematic. Over the 30 months period covered by the study, 26 deaths related to methadone were listed, of which 3 occurred in accidental circumstances. In the other 23 cases, methadone can be found, yet always associated with psychotropic substances, mainly benzodiazepines (18 cases), narcotics (15 cases) and finally alcohol (5 cases). Based upon the nature of the products combined with methadone, records have been divided in two groups: In the first group (17 observations), xenobiotics at (infra)therapeutic levels are detected. In the other group (6 observations), xenobiotics at high and toxic levels are detected. Blood methadone concentrations are not so different between the 2 groups of individuals since the median values and the extreme values are worth respectively 308, and 110-11300 microg/L, for the first group and 776 and 93-2080 microg/L for the second group. There is thus an important overlap between the therapeutic blood methadone concentrations (150-400 microg/L) and blood concentrations observed in fatalities.Thus, it is necessary that all information and post-mortem results must be examined in a critical way to identify and justify cause of the death.

  13. On the Images of“Knife-brandishing Women”in Mercenary Marriages with Examples from The Killing of a Husband by Li Ang and Shuijia Younü Chu Zhangcheng by Yan Geling%买卖婚姻中“挥刀女性”形象研究--以李昂的《杀夫》与严歌苓的《谁家有女初长成》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏蓓

    2015-01-01

    农村女性在买卖婚姻中受虐、被辱而走向“挥刀”杀人的无望反抗,是台湾作家李昂小说《杀夫》与旅美作家严歌苓小说《谁家有女初长成》的共同主题。两位生活在不同地域文化氛围中的女作家通过各自不同的书写方式,不仅将其笔下女主人公家庭中相似的生存困境展现在读者面前,也揭示了女性在生活中的多层次诉求,提供了文本背后的多重文化空间,引发了我们对合理婚姻的深入思考。%It is a joint theme in The Killing of a Husband by Li Ang, a Taiwanese writer, and Shuijia Younü Chu Zhangcheng by Yan Geling, a sojourning writer in America, that features rural women who are in such despair that they“brandish knives”and kill when they suffer ill-treatment and humiliation in mercenary marriages. These two women writers, living in different regional cultures and writing in their own very different ways, present to the readers not only the similar survival predicaments in the families of their female protagonists but also reveals multi-layered appeals women make in their lives, thus providing a multiple cultural space behind the texts that induces our thinking in depth on rational marriages.

  14. Notes and Commentary of Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean on"the Zhong and the He Being Made Superlative" (致中和) in which the Ecological Thought is Contained%朱熹《中庸章句》对“致中和”的注释及其蕴含的生态思想——兼与《礼记正义·中庸》比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐爱国

    2012-01-01

    The Doctrine of the Mean said: "When joy, anger, sorrow and pleasure have not yet arisen, it is called the Zhong (中, equilibrium). When they arise to their appropriate levels, it is called the He(和, harmony). When the Zhong and the He are made superlative, Heaven and Earth are in their proper positic)ns, and the myriad things are nourished and flourish. " Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean made reasonable and profound notes and commentary on it, and thought that Heaven and Earth being in their proper positions, and the myriad things being nourished and flourish, will be achieved, when human makes the Zhong and the He superlative,and realizes that his connatural inbeing is identical with the Tad of Heaven and Earth and the myriad things, further more, completes the Tad of Heaven and Earth, and assists their suitable arrangement and transforming and nourishing powers. Here is contained the ecological thought.%朱熹《中庸章句》对"致中和,天地位焉,万物育焉"作了合理而深入的诠释,并且认为,将人的喜怒哀乐未发的"中"与发皆中节的"和"推到极致,并据此体会人的先天本性以及与此具有共同性的天地万物之理和变化规律,进而"裁成天地之道,辅相天地之宜"、"赞天地之化育",就可以实现"天地位"、"万物育"。这里蕴含着具有现代意义的生态思想。

  15. Gold nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in aqueous biocompatible solutions: assessment of safety and biological identity for nanomedicine applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correard F

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Florian Correard,1,2 Ksenia Maximova,3 Marie-Anne Estève,1,2 Claude Villard,1 Myriam Roy,4 Ahmed Al-Kattan,3 Marc Sentis,3 Marc Gingras,4 Andrei V Kabashin,3 Diane Braguer1,2 1Aix Marseille Université, INSERM, CR02 UMR_S911, Marseille, France; 2APHM, Hôpital Timone, Marseille, France; 3Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, Marseille, France; 4Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, CINAM, UMR 7325 Marseille, France Abstract: Due to excellent biocompatibility, chemical stability, and promising optical properties, gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs are the focus of research and applications in nanomedicine. Au-NPs prepared by laser ablation in aqueous biocompatible solutions present an essentially novel object that is unique in avoiding any residual toxic contaminant. This paper is conceived as the next step in development of laser-ablated Au-NPs for future in vivo applications. The aim of the study was to assess the safety, uptake, and biological behavior of laser-synthesized Au-NPs prepared in water or polymer solutions in human cell lines. Our results showed that laser ablation allows the obtaining of stable and monodisperse Au-NPs in water, polyethylene glycol, and dextran solutions. The three types of Au-NPs were internalized in human cell lines, as shown by transmission electron microscopy. Biocompatibility and safety of Au-NPs were demonstrated by analyzing cell survival and cell morphology. Furthermore, incubation of the three Au-NPs in serum-containing culture medium modified their physicochemical characteristics, such as the size and the charge. The composition of the protein corona adsorbed on Au-NPs was investigated by mass spectrometry. Regarding composition of complement C3 proteins and apolipoproteins, Au-NPs prepared in dextran solution appeared as a promising drug carrier. Altogether, our results revealed the safety of laser-ablated Au-NPs in human cell lines and support their use for theranostic applications. Keywords: protein

  16. On the Origin and Coexistence of Chu's Culture and "The Songs of Chu"%楚文化和楚辞渊源及共生探幽

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    光军风

    2007-01-01

    特立独行的楚文化与中原文化有很大的差异.楚文化从强悍桀骜的民族心理和自由激越的文化心态的深层结构上,从浓烈的地域色彩和地方语言上,更从巫祭文化的浪漫激情和审美范畴三方面对楚辞构成巨大影响,使楚辞呈现出神奇迷离的浪漫精神和悲剧情怀.楚辞独特的自由、长短不一的"骚体"形式、"美人香草"复杂而巧妙的象征比喻系统,与《诗经》共同成为中国诗歌的源流.

  17. The Origin of "Tomb-guard Beast" of Chu and Chu Nation%楚"镇墓兽"的源起与楚国族类

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿华玲

    2007-01-01

    "镇墓兽"是先秦楚墓中的一种典型器物,其形制随着时代发展而不断变化.通过分析"镇墓兽"所在墓的头向发现,南向墓与东向墓出土的较多,而以南向墓的随葬比率最高,东向墓中的增幅较快."镇墓兽"信仰起源于南蛮系统,楚公族接受以后,渐渐普及开来.

  18. Le campus et le C.H.U de Bordeaux 1959-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Saboya

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Première partie : Le campus et le CHU : 1959-1974Le campus, style « sévère »Le 23 juillet 1963, le plan masse du complexe universitaire prolongeant les premières réalisations de René-André Coulon est approuvé par le Conseil général des bâtiments de France. L’extension, programmée dès le départ mais impulsée par le recteur Babin, s’étire sur près de 250 ha. Le campus de Talence, Pessac et Gradignan est désormais un des plus grands d’Europe. Le plan, confié à l’architecte parisien Louis Sainsau...

  19. Hiina : olümpiakahjum ettevõtetele / Dexter Roberts, Chi-Chu Tshang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roberts, Dexter

    2008-01-01

    Hiina valitsus on kehtestanud paljudele tööstusettevõtetele nii olümpiamängude kui paraolümpia toimumise ajaks suurt majanduslikku kahju tekitavad ranged tootmispiirangud, mis võivad mõjutada isegi välisriikide tarbijaid

  20. Les adénomes somatotropes: etude clinique, biologique et neuroradiologique portant sur 85 cas d'acromégalie suivis à l'Hôpital de la Timone.

    OpenAIRE

    VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo

    1999-01-01

    Introduction Selective acromegaly for acromegaly may have a wide range of remission rates, ranging from 40 to 80% in published series. These heterogeneous results rely not only on the surgeon experience, but also depend on the use of different biochemical remission criteria. Aim of the work The first part of this study is to evaluate clinical, biochemical and radiological data in a consecutive series of 85 patients diagnosed with acromegaly and followed-up by the endocrine team of...

  1. The Influence of Chu Customs on the Modelling of Wares and Ornaments in Chu Period%楚风俗对楚器物造型和装饰的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王祖龙

    2007-01-01

    楚国的造物品类繁多、主题鲜明、格调清奇灵秀、色彩斑斓繁艳,开创了上古南方审美文化的新视界.楚器物从造型到装饰所表现出来的楚风特征表明,楚器物的产生与楚风俗有着密切的关联,楚风俗是楚器物发育生长的母胎.

  2. Report relative to the radiotherapy accident occurred at the C.H.U. of Toulouse - Rangueil hospital; Rapport relatif a l'incident de radiotherapie survenu au CHU de Toulouse - Hopital de Rangueil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-05-15

    A defect of calibration of accelerator used for the radiotherapy pulls an uncertainty on 145 patients treated since the starting of the device. It appears after calculation that the volume(of sane organs) concerned by a overdose are only for six cases. It is difficult to know from these data if a sanitary effect can occur the volume irradiated being very low. The manufacturer of the device who detected an abnormality in the files of calibration warns the hospital on April 17., 2007, the hospital stops the functioning of the device on April 18., on April 20. the declaration)of the event arrives at the division of the Asn of Bordeaux. The D.D.A.S.S. of Haute-Garonne and the regional agency of hospitalization (A.R.H.) of south Pyrenees were contacted by the division of Bordeaux. Patients are informed their files will be given to I.R.S.N. for a study concerning eventual side effects. The institute of sanitary surveillance will realize a follow up of the patients concerned and has to propose a protocol of epidemiological surveillance that will be on a two years period that corresponds to the delay of side effects appearance after this kind of treatment. (N.C.)

  3. 楚人牲、人殉试探%Analysis of Human Sacrifice and Human Sati in the Regional Culture of Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨茂

    2009-01-01

    自春秋中期始,楚人牲、人殉习俗迅速发展,春秋晚期达到鼎盛,战国之世开始衰落.楚人牲包括三种形式,即献俘祭社、祭河神和奠基牲.根据殉人身份不同,楚人殉分为三类,妻妾从死、嬖宠从死和奴隶从死.与秦文化区相比,楚人牲、人殉习俗较为少见,这与楚国进步人士反对、人本主义思想的发展以及俑葬的兴起等相关.

  4. 楚国:熊姓的家天下%The State of Chu and the Clan of Surname Xiong (熊)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鄢云辉

    2007-01-01

    “赵钱孙李,周吴郑王……”中国人千百年来凝聚而成的姓氏文化,全部浓缩在了一部《百家姓》中。《百家姓》是中国姓氏文化的结晶,更是中国上下五千年历史发展的缩影。

  5. An Interpretation of Some Words in Chu Bamboo Slips%楚简文字考释(一则)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞绍宏

    2007-01-01

    郭店楚简中的"(亏)",或释为"均",或读为"袀".该字应当隶定为"(巽匀)",在简文中表示"恭敬"意,是一个从"巽"、"匀"声,"巽"亦声的字.究其音读与义训,当与后世汉字中的"恂"相当.

  6. [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome manifested as massive melæna at CHU-JRA Madagascar hospital: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (SPJ) is characterized by intestinal hamartomatous polyps in association with mucocutaneous lentiginosis. Patients are exposed to mechanical and bleeding complications. It is a cancer predisposition syndrome. Our study highlights the diagnostic criteria for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (SPJ), the complications and the therapeutic progresses in patient care. We report the case of a 32-year-old male presenting with a massive melaena. It was hospitalized in the surgical intensive care unit with hypovolemic shock difficult to control. This required surgical intervention to stop bleeding. We found a hamartomatous polyps in the small intestine which caused bleeding. Peutz Jeghers Syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of labial lentigines during childhood. Clinical and paraclinical explorations did not reveal the presence of cancer. In Madagascar, this disease is still poorly understood. In the literature, the diagnosis of Peutz Jeghers syndrome is based on clinical findings or on the presence of complications such as haemorrhage, invagination or bowel obstruction. In our case, the disease was complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding with hypovolemic shock. Endoscopic polypectomy using double-balloon enteroscopy can reduce emergency small bowel surgery. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a rare disease. Despite this, it is important for clinicians to know it and to take it into consideration in case of gastrointestinal bleeding.

  7. 楚髹漆家具纹饰之美%The beautiful of Chu state lacquer furniture decoration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程艳萍

    2008-01-01

    楚髹漆家具纹饰是楚艺术精神在器物上的投射。这些纹饰或表现为自然性纹样,或表现为几何形纹样,或表现为人物行为纹样,把楚人的生活装饰得多彩而又浪漫神秘。透过这些神秘奇诡、自由浪漫、轻扬舒卷、飞动飘逸的纹样,我们仿佛看到了上古时期具有丰厚原始文化遗存的楚民族生存活动的历史全貌。

  8. Pow, Punch, Pika, and Chu : The Structure of Sound Effects in Genres of American Comics and Japanese Manga

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pratha, Nimish K.; Avunjian, Natalie; Cohn, Neil

    2016-01-01

    As multimodal works, comics are characterized as much by their use of language as by the style of their images. Sound effects in particular are exemplary of comics’ language-use, and we explored this facet of comics by analyzing a corpus of books from genres in the United States (mainstream and inde

  9. Properties of Sub-Wavelength Spherical Antennas With Arbitrarily Lossy Magnetodielectric Cores Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Vejle; Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2014-01-01

    For a spherical antenna exciting any arbitrary spherical mode, we derive exact closed-form expressions for the dissipated power and stored energy inside (and outside) the lossy magneto-dielectric spherical core, as well as the radiated power, radiation efficiency, and thus the radiation quality f...

  10. [CASTOR-Radiology: software of management in a Unit of Medical Imaging: use in the CHU of Tours].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, P; Rouleau, P; Alison, D; Bristeau, M; Minard, P; Saad, B

    1993-01-01

    Despite the large volume of information circulating in radiology departments, very few of them are currently computerised, although computer processing is developing rapidly in hospitals, encouraged by the installation of PMSI. This article illustrates the example of an imaging department management software: CASTOR-Radiologie, Computerisation of part of the Hospital Information System (HIS) must allow an improvement in the efficacy of the service rendered, must reliably reflect the department's activity and must be able to monitor the running costs. CASTOR-Radiologie was developed in conformity with standard national specifications defined by the Public Hospitals Department of the French Ministry of Health. The functions of this software are: unique patient identification, HIS base, management of examination requests, allowing a rapid reply to clinician's requests, "real-time" follow-up of patients in the department, saving time for secretaries and technicians, medical files and file analysis, allowing analysis of diagnostic strategies and quality control, edition of analytical tables of the department's activity compatible with the PMSI procedures catalogue, allowing optimisation of the use of limited resources, aid to the management of human, equipment and consumable resources. Links with other hospital computers raise organisational rather than technical problems, but have been planned for in the CASTOR-Radiologie software. This new tool was very well accepted by the personnel.

  11. Les infections à Pseudomonas aeruginosa au service des maladies infectieuses du CHU YO, Burkina Faso: à propos deux cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Lassina, Dao; Fla, Koueta

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons deux cas d'infection à Pseudomonas aeruginosa: un cas de méningite et un cas d'infection urinaire. Les auteurs rappellent qu’à côté des étiologies classiques des méningites et des infections urinaires, des germes résistants comme Pseudomonas aeruginosa peuvent être responsables d'infections à localisation méningées et urinaires et dont il faut connaître pour une bonne prise en charge. Le traitement de ces infections requiert un antibiogramme au regard de la grande capacité de résistance de Pseudomonas aeruginosa en milieu hospitalier. La limitation des gestes invasifs et l'application rigoureuse des mesures de prévention des infections en milieu hospitalier contribueront à lutter efficacement contre ces infections en milieu de soins. PMID:26491521

  12. Electronic excitation and deexcitation of atoms and molecules in nonequilibrium plasmas; Hiheiko plasma chu no denshi reiki ryushi hanno katei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimamori, H. [Fukui University of Technology, Fukui (Japan)

    1997-05-20

    Regarding excitation and deexcitation due to collision of electrons and deexcitation due to collision of baryons in nonequilibrium plasma, explanation is made about the general characteristics of the elementary processes involving their formation and disappearance and about the prediction of their sectional areas and velocity constants. As for the process of the formation of excited atoms and molecules by collision of electrons, it may be divided into the direct excitation in the ground state, excitation and light emission toward the resonance state, reexcitation and transformation of excited particles, recombination of electrons and positive atomic ions, and dissociation and recombination of electrons and positive molecular ions. As for the process of the disappearance of excited particles, there exist various courses it may follow, and it is quite complicated because it is dependent on the types of particles involved and the conditions the process proceeds under. Although the skeleton has been built of the theory of derivation of the sectional area of excitation due to collision of electrons and atoms/molecules, yet it is accurate enough only when applied to simple atomic/molecular systems, is far from satisfying in general, and is to be augmented by data from future experiments. 22 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Study of the Romance of Emperor Xiangwang of the Chu Kingdom%襄王云雨辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宗海

    2006-01-01

    自从宋玉《高唐赋》面世后,“巫山神女”、“云雨”、“阳台”等词,常见于古诗词曲,小说中更多。例如李白《清平调三章》之二:“云雨巫山枉断肠”、李商隐《无题》:“神女生涯元是梦”等。但关于这场男女欢会的男主角,有人却说是楚襄王,如李白《襄阳歌》:“襄王云雨今安在?”还有多人,暂不举。

  14. Modified Medical Research Council scale vs Baseline Dyspnea Index to evaluate dyspnea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perez T

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Thierry Perez,1 Pierre Régis Burgel,2 Jean-Louis Paillasseur,3 Denis Caillaud,4 Gaetan Deslée,5 Pascal Chanez,6 Nicolas Roche2 For the INITIATIVES BPCO Scientific Committee 1Clinique des Maladies Respiratoires, CHRU de Lille, Université Lille Nord de France, Lille, 2Service de Pneumologie, Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Broca Hotel Dieu, AP HP et Université René Descartes, 3EFFI-STAT, Paris, 4Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Gabriel Montpied, CHU de Clermont Ferrand, Clermont Ferrand, 5Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Maison Blanche, CHU de Reims, Reims, 6Département des Maladies respiratoires, AP-HM, Université de Méditerranée, Marseille, France Background: Assessment of dyspnea in COPD patients relies in clinical practice on the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC scale, whereas the Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI is mainly used in clinical trials. Little is known on the correspondence between the two methods.Methods: Cross-sectional analysis was carried out on data from the French COPD cohort Initiatives BPCO. Dyspnea was assessed by the mMRC scale and the BDI. Spirometry, plethysmography, Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale, St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, exacerbation rates, and physician-diagnosed comorbidities were obtained. Correlations between mMRC and BDI scores were assessed using Spearman’s correlation coefficient. An ordinal response model was used to examine the contribution of clinical data and lung function parameters to mMRC and BDI scores.Results: Data are given as median (interquartile ranges, [IQR]. Two-hundred thirty-nine COPD subjects were analyzed (men 78%, age 65.0 years [57.0; 73.0], forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] 48% predicted [34; 67]. The mMRC grade and BDI score were, respectively, 1 [1–3] and 6 [4–8]. Both BDI and mMRC scores were significantly correlated at the group level (rho =-0.67; P<0.0001, but analysis of individual data revealed a large scatter of BDI scores for any given m

  15. 《楚辞·天问》之"帝何竺之"试解——兼论贾学鸿《楚辞还须楚语解——篇"帝何竺之"破译》%The Trial Explanations for "Di He Zhu Zhi" in "Chu Ci·Tian Wen"——An Analysis on Jia Xuehong's "Chu Ci Should Be Explained by Chu Language——Explanation for 'Di He Zhu Zhi' in 'Dian Wen' "

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓东

    2007-01-01

    《楚辞》是一部在我国历史上有重要影响的先秦典籍,而如何理解却历来是仁者见仁,智者见智.尤其是《楚辞·天问》中的"稷维元子,帝何竺之"句,从古至今都是人们关注的热点之一.本文从语言学角度出发,特别是从我国先秦时期曾经作为"荆楚"民族重要组成部分的苗瑶语出发,认为现代黔东南苗语中汉语词义为"远"或者"疏远" 的[to11]可与"帝何竺之"中的"竺"相对应,亦可从先秦曾与楚民族有广泛联系的壮侗语以及现代汉语的吴、闽方言等对《楚辞》进行研究.

  16. Aggregation of estimated numbers of undiscovered deposits: an R-script with an example from the Chu Sarysu Basin, Kazakhtan: Chapter B in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuenemeyer, John H.; Zientek, Michael L.; Box, Stephen E.

    2011-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments completed by the U.S. Geological Survey during the past three decades express geologically based estimates of numbers of undiscovered mineral deposits as probability distributions. Numbers of undiscovered deposits of a given type are estimated in geologically defined regions. Using Monte Carlo simulations, these undiscovered deposit estimates are combined with tonnage and grade models to derive a probability distribution describing amounts of commodities and rock that could be present in undiscovered deposits within a study area. In some situations, it is desirable to aggregate the assessment results from several study areas. This report provides a script developed in open-source statistical software, R, that aggregates undiscovered deposit estimates of a given type, assuming independence, total dependence, or some degree of correlation among aggregated areas, given a user-specified correlation matrix.

  17. Coching Chu and the Migration of National Zhejiang University Library%竺可桢与国立浙江大学图书馆的迁移

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋峥嵘; 毛一国

    2011-01-01

    国立浙江大学图书馆的迁移反映了国立浙江大学的迁移.文章依据《竺可桢日记》,建构、叙述了国立浙江大学图书馆迁浙江建德、江西泰和、广西宜山、贵州遵义等的全过程,可以看出竺可桢对国立浙江大学的历史贡献.

  18. 观楚汉战争谈用人之道%A Discussion on the Way of Personnel Placement from the Story "War between Chu and Han"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵列韩

    2003-01-01

    楚汉战争的历史说明用人之道的重要性:首先,楚汉战争胜败的原因就在于用人之道的不同;第二,韩信离项羽而投刘邦是不同用人观的集中表现;第三,忍人之短,用人之长是刘邦用人之道的特点;第四,失去范增是项羽用人之道不正确的关键;第五,刘邦驾驭人才水平较项羽高的原因;第六,以史为鉴重视人才建设.

  19. Analysis of the pollutant in the environment using supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC); Chorinkai ryutai kuromatogurafui (SFC) wo mochiita kankyo chu no osen busshitsu no bunseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kakuchi, T.; Miura, Y. [Hokkaido Univ., Hokkaido (Japan)

    2000-02-05

    The analysis of the organic pollutant in the environment is carried out as the following procedure; the organic substance is extracted by using the organic solvent from a collected sample, an instrument analysis such as gas chromatography (GC) or high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) are done after the clean up the sample by column chromatography. The analysis using supercritical fluid instead of the organic solvent in each stage is supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) or supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). The supercritical fluid has a density and viscosity coefficient between gas and liquid, and the control of the dissolving power is possible by the change of temperature and pressure. Therefore, it has the advantage as follows: The material mobile speed is high and separation and extraction are rapid; It is easy to adjust the dissolving power and possible to carry out selective separation and extraction; The removal of solvent can be easily carried out since supercritical CO{sub 2} used is a gas in the normal pressure. In this paper, the analytical instrument in which the extraction is carried out in organic solvent and clean up was done in SFC was introduced. (NEDO)

  20. 屈原楚辞中香草美人意象分析%The Imagery Analysis of Vanilla Beauty in Chu Yuan's chuck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡伟

    2015-01-01

    屈原在其楚辞作品中,采用了大量的香草美人的意象,创造了中国传统的独特的审美表现观,并影响了后人诗人、小说家的创作理念。其实,屈原楚辞作品中的香草美人意象,是运用比兴的手法表达自我心志愿望的一种艺术方式。但是,这种比兴手法被作者寄托情感有了现实性情感性的意义,而脱离了单纯艺术手法的本身。%In the chick written by Qu Yuan , lots of imagery of vanilla beauty have been adopted . It created a special Chinese traditional view of aesthetic , which have influenced the artistic creation of descendents and writers . This kind of imagery is a kind of artistic method which can use the metaphor and analogy to express one's hope. But , this method which is full of author' emotion has the characteristic of realistic and emotion , out of pure art.

  1. Prise en charge péri opératoire des urgences chirurgicales abdominales chez l’adulte au CHU Aristide Le Dantec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaye, Ibrahima; Leye, Pape Alassane; Traoré, Mamadou Mour; Ndiaye, Pape Ibrahima; Ba, El Hadji Boubacar; Bah, Mamadou Diawo; Fall, Mouhamed Lamine; Diouf, Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    La prise en charge périopératoire des urgences chirurgicales abdominales reste une préoccupation majeure des anesthésistes du fait des désordres hémodynamiques et/ou métaboliques souvent présents en préopératoire; mais également des complications postopératoires auxquelles elles sont exposées. Les objectifs de ce travail étaient d'étudier les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques des urgences abdominales. Etude rétrospective descriptive sur une période de 6 mois portant sur les patients âgés de plus de 16 ans opérés d'une urgence abdominale à l'hôpital Aristide Le Dantec. Les paramètres étudiés portaient sur les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques des urgences chirurgicales abdominales. Nous avions colligé 161 cas, près de 20% de l'activité du service. L'âge moyen était de 41 ans [16, 80 ans]. Le sex ratio était de 2, 9. Le délai moyen de consultation était de 4,6 jours. Les péritonites étaient les pathologies les plus fréquentes (25,5%). La fréquence cardiaque moyenne des patients était de 92 bpm (battements/min)et 97 bpm pour ceux ayant eu une préparation hémodynamique préopératoire. La moyenne de la PAM était de 9,66 cmhg et 8,61 cmhg chez les patients préparés. 49,1% des patients étaient de la classe ASA1, 39,9% ASA2, 8,7% ASA3, 2,5% ASA4 et 0,6% ASA5. Une antibioprophylaxie était faite chez 46,30% des patients et 53,41% d'entre eux avaient eu une antibiothérapie.95,6% des patients avaient eu une anesthésie générale et 4,4% une rachianesthésie. La fréquence des incidents peropératoires était de 11,08%. La morbidité était de 4,3% et la mortalité 4,96%. La prise en charge des urgences chirurgicales abdominales doit être multidisciplinaire impliquant anesthésistes, chirurgiens et biologistes afin de réduire davantage le taux de morbimortalité qui reste de nos jours non négligeable. PMID:27795787

  2. Diagnosis by checking the urine(chu-brtag rig-pa) in Tibetan Medicine%藏医尿诊学研究刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄福开

    2007-01-01

    本文在对藏医传统尿诊研究进行全面梳理的基础上,集中探讨了藏医尿诊研究的价值与思路,认为藏医尿诊技术科学内涵丰富,至今仍具有重要的临床应用价值,应该加以系统的整理和研究.

  3. Magnetism and martensitic transformation of iron particles in a copper matrix; Cu boso chu no sekishutsu Fe ryushi no jikiteki henka to marutensaito hentai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Y. [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1995-07-20

    It is shown that the transformation process of Fe particles in Cu-Fe alloy can be traced by saturation magnetization measurement and magnetic anisotropy measurement. The effect of the magnetic transition of {gamma}-Fe on martensitic transformation and the magnetic field effect of antimagnetic {gamma}-Fe on martensitic transformation are also introduced. As a result of experiment, it is demonstrated that no {alpha}-Fe is formed during the aging up to 2.9Ms. The torque curves obtained by the experiment are analyzed theoretically from the viewpoints of crystalline magnetic anisotropy and shape magnetic anisotropy. The temperature dependency of the amount of martensitic transformation can be expected to change at the Neel temperature. The temperature dependency of yield strength agrees well with the temperature dependency of the amount of martensitic transformation. Simultaneous application of magnetic field and stress results in the induction of the state which causes transformation even below Neel temperature by stress, and it seems that additional magnetic field induced martensitic transformation occurs by the effect of the applied magnetic field. 45 refs., 6 figs.

  4. Détermination de la concentration minimale inhibitrice et fongicide de quelques antifongiques vis –à- vis des levures isolées du CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Malki, Fatima Zohra

    2015-01-01

    Les infections fongiques ont considérablement augmenté ces dernières années et sont devenues aujourd’hui une préoccupation importante pour les établissements de soins. Bien que Candida albicans soit le pathogène majoritairement identifié lors de ces infections, d’autres espèces non albicans peuvent être impliquées notamment dans de nombreuses pathologies nosocomiales. En effet, ces levures se développent an adhérant à des implants médicaux, tels que les cathéters formant ain...

  5. La préservation du capital vasculaire au CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat-Maroc: rôle de l’infirmier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouattar, Tarik; Bezzaz, Aicha; Abdellaoui, Khalil; Lamchahab, Fatima Ezzahra; Benamar, Loubna; Ezaitouni, Fatima; Hassam, Badredine; Bayahia, Rabia; Ouzeddoun, Naima

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Tout patient ayant une maladie chronique nécessitant des prélèvements sanguins répétés ou des traitements par voie veineuse ou susceptible d’évoluer vers l’insuffisance rénale chronique, doit bénéficier d’une stratégie de préservation de son réseau veineux. Le but de ce travail etait de déterminer le rôle de l’infirmier dans la protection du réseau veineux superficiel. Méthodes Etude transversale réalisée au mois d’Avril 2010 à l’hôpital Ibn Sina de Rabat ayant intéressée les infirmiers exerçant dans différents services prenant en charge des patients ayant des pathologies rénales chroniques ou une maladie générale susceptible de se compliquer d’atteinte rénale. Résultats Parmi les 80 infirmiers sollicités, 66 ont complété le questionnaire avec un âge moyen de 42,7 ±11ans et un sex-ratio à 0,7. L’ancienneté moyenne en soins était de 227,7 ± 116,7 mois. 37 % des infirmiers n’étaient pas informés sur la préservation du capital veineux. Le membre supérieur droit était ponctionné dans 92,3% des cas. Le site de ponction le plus utilisé était le dos de la main dans 84,6 % des cas. La dilatation des veines par le réchauffement était notée dans 63,3% des cas, par passage d’alcool dans 54,5% des cas et l’emploi du garrot était retrouvé dans 95,5% des cas. Les venojects étaient de 18 gauge dans 18,2 % des cas et de 21 gauge dans 81,8% des cas. Les intranules étaient de 18 gauge dans 78,8% des cas et de 20 gauge dans 21,2 % des cas. Durant les six derniers mois avant l’étude, les complications au niveau du site de ponction étaient notées dans 41 % des cas. Conclusion L’information et l’éducation du personnel paramédical sont obligatoires ainsi que l’utilisation des cathéters veineux de petit calibre afin d’assurer cette protection. PMID:22593793

  6. La varicocèle de l’adulte: aspects anatomo-cliniques et resultats therapeutiques au service d’urologie-andrologie du CHU de Conakry, Guinee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. Diallo

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: La varicocèle est une pathologie fréquente dans notre pratique quotidienne; l’infertilité du couple en est la forme de découverte la plus fréquente. Le profil spermatique est celui d’une oligoasthénotératozoospermie. La cure chirurgicale améliore de façon significative la fertilité des patients hypofertiles.

  7. Syndrome hémolytique et urémique de l'enfant au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Dakar: à propos de quatre observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Ba, Idrissa Demba; Boiro, Djibril; Faye, Papa Moctar; Keita, Younoussa; Ba, Aïssatou; Cissé, Djeynaba Fafa; Basse, Idrissa; Thiam, Lamine; Ly, Indou Déme; Niang, Babacar; Ba, Abou; Fall, Amadou Lamine; Diouf, Saliou; Ndiaye, Ousmane; Ba, Mamadou; Sarr, Mamadou

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome hémolytique et urémique (SHU) est une cause fréquente d'insuffisance rénale aiguë (IRA) organique chez l'enfant. C'est une complication évolutive des gastroentérites aiguës (GEA) en particulier à Escherichia coli de l'enfant. Notre objectif était de décrire les aspects cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de cette affection chez quatre enfants. Nous avions colligé quatre cas de SHU. L’âge moyen était de 10,5 mois (5-15mois) exclusivement des garçons. L'examen clinique retrouvait une anémie de type hémolytique (pâleur et ictére), un syndrome oedémateux avec oligo-anurie (2 cas), une hypertension artérielle (1 patient), une GEA avec déshydratation sévère et choc hypovolémique (2 patients), des troubles de conscience. L'IRA était notée chez tous les patients de même que la thrombopénie et les schizocytes au frottis. Le Coombs direct était négatif. Il y avait une hyperkaliémie (3patients) dont 1 patient supérieure à 9,2 mmol/l, une hyponatrémie à 129mmol/l(1 patient) et une hypernatrémie à 153mmol/l (1 patient). Le shu était secondaire à une pneumonie à pneumocoque (1 patient), une GEA à E. coli (1 patient). Le traitement était essentiellement symptomatique et comprenait la restriction hydrique, la transfusion de concentrés érythrocytaires, les diurétiques, la dialyse péritonéale et l'hémodialyse. L’évolution était marquée par la survenue d'une insuffisance rénale chronique (1 patient) après 6 mois de suivi et la guérison (1 cas). Nous avions noté 3décés. Le SHU est la cause la plus fréquente d'IRA organique du nourrisson. Le diagnostic est essentiellement biologique, le traitement est surtout symptomatique. PMID:27642476

  8. Determinanty úspěchu zemí BRIC na globálním trhu a jejich dopad na světovou ekonomiku

    OpenAIRE

    Mareš, Jan

    2008-01-01

    The BRIC nations are Brazil, Russia, India and China, for the purpose of this thesis I concentrate on Brazil and India. Potential is the word that springs to mind when Brazil and India are mentioned. Brazil and India are developing countries with low GDP per capita (PPP). I demonstrate that Brazil and India have the potential to become world economy leaders in the very near future. This thesis therefore focuses on aspects that have a significant if not a crucial impact on fulfilling the poten...

  9. Effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter from DI diesel engine; Particulate chu no PAH ni oyobosu nenryo sosei no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, S.; Tatani, T.; Yoshida, H.; Takizawa, H.; Miyoshi, K.; Ikebe, H. [COSMO Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in particulate matter from DI diesel engine was investigated by using deeply desulfurized fuel and model fuel which properties are not interrelated. It was found that the deeply desulfurized fuel have effect on reducing PAH emissions. Furthermore, it was suggested that poly aromatics in the fuel affect PAH emissions and the influence of tri-aromatics in the fuel was promoted by the coexistence of mono-aromatics or naphthene. PAH formation scheme from each fuel component was proposed by chemical thermodynamic data. 4 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  10. 越南喃字的发展演变及其文化阐释%Development and Its Cultural Explanation of Chu Nom in Vietnamese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁广谋

    2003-01-01

    喃字是越南古代文化的载体之一,是中越文化交流的结果,是越南民族意识增强与民族文化发展的体现.喃字的产生与发展既反映出越南人的民族意识与性格,也反映出越南人对待外来文化尤其是中国文化的观念与处理方式.

  11. Effect of three cooking methods on nutrient components and antioxidant capacities of bamboo shootPhyllostachys praecox C.D.Chu et C.S.Chao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-jie ZHANG; Rong JI; Ya-qin HU; Jian-chu CHEN; Xing-qian YE

    2011-01-01

    Three cooking methods,namely boiling,steaming,and stir-frying for 5 to 10 min,were used to evaluate the effect on nutrient components,free amino acids,L-ascorbic acid,total phenolic contents,and antioxidant capacities of bamboo shoots (Phyllostachys praecox).Results showed that boiling and stir-frying had a great effect on the nutrient components and they decreased the contents of protein,soluble sugar,and ash,and caused a great loss in the total free amino acids (decreased by 38.35% and 34.86%,respectively).Significant differences (P<0.05) in free amino acids were observed in the samples cooked by different methods.Stir-fried bamboo shoots had a high fat content which increased by 528.57% because of the addition of edible oil.After boiling,the L-ascorbic acid and total phenolic contents were significantly reduced,while steaming increased total phenolic content by 3.98% and stir-frying well-preserved L-ascorbic acid (78.87% of its previous content).Results of the antioxidative property study showed that stir-frying could increase antioxidant capacities of bamboo shoots.It is concluded that stir-frying is more suitable for bamboo shoots because it could obtain the maximum retention of antioxidant capacities.

  12. Příčiny neúspěchu v podnikání konkrétní malé firmy

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focuses on finding the possible causes of failure of small businesses. It defines specific situations that may arise during the business of providing hospitality and sports services. It contains opinions of the customers and the employees. The aim of this thess is to assess the situation in a particular small business, to find and to specify the causes of the failure of the company and then to propose possible changes and solutions.

  13. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    Audiovideo service

    1998-01-01

    Prof. C. Cohen-Tannoudji presents "manipulating atoms with light" . By using quasi-resonant exchanges of energy, linear and angular momentum between atoms and photons, it is possible to polarize atoms, to displace their energy levels and to control their position and their velocity. A few physical mechanisms allowing one to trap atoms and to cool them in the microKelvin, and even in the nanoKelvin range, will be described. Various possible applications of such ultracold atoms will be also reviewed.

  14. Les cardiopathies de l’enfant au CHU Souro Sanou de Bobo-Dioulasso: aspects échocardiographies et thérapeutiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tougouma, Somnoma Jean-Baptiste; Kissou, Senkaye-Lagom Aimé; Yaméogo, Aimé Arsène; Yaméogo, Nobila Valentin; Bama, Aimé; Barro, Makoura; Héma, Arsène; Kaguembèga, Larissa; Nacro, Boubacar

    2016-01-01

    Les cardiopathies de l'enfant déterminent en Afrique un problème de santé publique difficile à prendre en charge, de part la densité de la population jeune, le faible niveau socioéconomique et l'insuffisance de plateaux techniques adaptés. Les auteurs rapportent les aspects échocardiographiques et thérapeutiques des cardiopathies de l'enfant dans le département de pédiatrie du CHUSS de Bobo-Dioulasso. Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale descriptive concernant la période de janvier 2013 à décembre 2014 (24 mois). Elle a consisté en une revue documentaire des comptes rendus d'échocardiographies réalisées chez les enfants de moins de 15 ans dans le laboratoire d'échocardiographie du CHUSS et de leurs dossiers de suivi thérapeutique. Durant la période d'étude, 184 examens écho-cardiographiques avaient été réalisés et permis la mise en évidence de 93 cas de cardiopathies de l'enfant, soit 50,50% des cas. Parmi eux, on distinguait 71% (66/93) de cardiopathies congénitales et 29% (27/93) de cardiopathies acquises. Les cardiopathies congénitales les plus fréquentes étaient : la CIV (27,2%), CIA (10,6%), CAV (7,5%), T4F (9,1%), TAC (6%), formes associées (15%). Les cardiopathies acquises étaient dominées par les valvulopathies rhumatismales (48%), la cardiomyopathie dilatée hypokinétique (33,3%) et la tamponnade péricardite (18,5%). L'indication chirurgicale était posée dans 53,7% (50/93) des cas dont 86% (43/50) de cardiopathies congénitales et 14% (7/50) de cardiopathies acquises. 21% (9/43) des cardiopathies congénitales ont bénéficié d'une chirurgie cardiaque. Aucune cardiopathie acquise d'indication thérapeutique chirurgicale n'avait été opérée. Les cardiopathies de l'enfant sont fréquentes à Bobo-Dioulasso. La conception de stratégies multidisciplinaires associées à une optimisation des moyens devraient améliorer la prise en charge de ces cardiopathies. PMID:28250886

  15. Change of the electron attachment coefficient caused by corona discharge in oxygen. Sanso gas chu, corona hoden ni yoru denshi fuchaku keisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kajita, Shogo; Kondo, Yoshitaka; Ushiroda, Sumio (Toyota College of Tech., Aichi (Japan))

    1989-12-01

    The relationship between the electron attachment coefficient of ozone which is one of gases genearated during discharge and the ozone concentration was determined by discharging negative corona discharge in pure oxygen to research and develop a small and highly efficient ozonizer. These measured results are useful as the basic data necessary for simulation of a ozonizer using oxygen as the raw material. The experiment was carried out by releasing photo-electrons generated by pulse glow discharging with a Xe lamp in oxygen sealed into a drifttube, by generating negative ions due to attaching electrons to gaseous molecules and by measuring the induced current accompanied by the transfer. As the results, if ozone of hundreds of ppm is contained in oxygen, followings were confirmed: electron attachment coefficient increased for E/N of about 10Td or less, where E is electric charge and N is molecular density of gas; electron attachment coefficient increased by the dissociative attachment of ozone for E/N of about 10Td or less; and further, the cross section of dissociative attachment for ozone could be estimated by solving the Boltzmann equation. 12 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  16. On Wu Ding's Crusade against Two Kingdoms:Jing and Chu%商王武丁 奋伐荆楚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高应勤

    2005-01-01

    商王武丁征伐荆楚之事,在甲骨文、古文献及考古材料中有迹可寻.武王南征的原因有二:主要是到南方寻找铜矿、锡、铅等战略资源;扩展疆土,巩固其共主地位也是原因之一.

  17. Selection of Special Long Frijole 'Qing Long Chu Hai'%特长架菜豆--青龙出海的选育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温海军; 刘喜琴; 张凤龙

    2003-01-01

    @@ 1育种目标 随着农村产业结构的大幅度调整和人们消费水平的提高,市场对商品菜豆的品质、商品性、丰产性、贮放期、耐运性等综合性状的要求越来越高.因此,内蒙古开鲁县蔬菜良种繁育场于1995年开始从事名、特、优、新特长架菜豆品种选育研究,并于2001年成功地选育出了丰产、抗病、适应性广的特长架菜豆新品种--青龙出海.

  18. Syndrome hémolytique et urémique de l'enfant au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Dakar: à propos de quatre observations

    OpenAIRE

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Ba, Idrissa Demba; Boiro, Djibril; Faye, Papa Moctar; Keita, Younoussa; Ba, Aïssatou; Cissé, Djeynaba Fafa; Basse, Idrissa; Thiam, Lamine; Ly, Indou Déme; Niang, Babacar; Ba, Abou; Fall, Amadou Lamine; Diouf, Saliou

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome hémolytique et urémique (SHU) est une cause fréquente d'insuffisance rénale aiguë (IRA) organique chez l'enfant. C'est une complication évolutive des gastroentérites aiguës (GEA) en particulier à Escherichia coli de l'enfant. Notre objectif était de décrire les aspects cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de cette affection chez quatre enfants. Nous avions colligé quatre cas de SHU. L’âge moyen était de 10,5 mois (5-15mois) exclusivement des garçons. L'examen clinique retrouvait...

  19. Fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) de révélation tardive: à propos d'un cas au CHU de Dakar

    OpenAIRE

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Faye, Papa Moctar; Sylla, Assane; Kéïta, Younoussa; Boiro, Djibril; Basse, Idrissa; Guèye, Ndèye Ramatoulaye Diagne; Ndiaye, Ousmane

    2015-01-01

    La fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) est une forme grave du paludisme; caractérisée par la survenue d'une hémolyse intravasculaire aiguë se traduisant par une anémie hémolytique, une insuffisance rénale aiguë et une hypovolémie. Son diagnostic repose essentiellement sur la clinique notamment la couleur des urines d'aspect rouge porto. Nous rapportons un cas de fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique chez un jeune garçon de 10 ans originaire et vivant dans une zone d'endémie palustre, colligé da...

  20. Environments of Ga in MFI-type Ga-silicates and their catalytic performance; MFI gata Ga-silicate chu no Ga no sonzai jotai to shokubai seino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagata, H.; Takiyama, Y.; Higashida, K.; Otsuka, S.; Kishida, M.; Wakabayashi, K. [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan); Shoji, H. [Maruzen Petrochemical Co. Ltd., Chiba (Japan)

    1998-07-01

    MFI-type Ga-silicates (GaS) of varying atomic Si/Ga ratio are synthesized from the gel stocks, to compare them one another for their properties and C4H10 conversion performance. GaS (M) synthesized by the Mobil method shows a broader Ga-MASNMR spectral peak relevant to the GaO4 tetrahedron and lower unit cell increase rate, when it contains a high proportion of Ga, than GaS (A) synthesized by the alkoxide method. It is therefore considered that GaS (M) has an increased content of the GaO4 tetrahedron of low symmetry, as Ga content increases. GaS (M) loses a larger quantity of Ga eluted out as a result of HCl treatment than GaS (A), indicating that the former contains the GaO4 tetrahedron of low symmetry under a less stable condition. GaS (M) gives a higher aromatic hydrocarbon yield in the C4H10 conversion than GaS (A), as its Ga content increases. This results from difference between their dehydrogenation performances, indicating that Ga in the GaO4 tetrahedron of lower symmetry has a higher dehydrogenation performance. 19 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. Facteurs liés au diagnostic tardif du cancer du sein: expérience du CHU Mohammed VI Marrakech

    OpenAIRE

    Aloulou, Sofia; El Mahfoudi, Amal; El Omrani, Abdelhamid; Khouchani, Mouna

    2015-01-01

    Le cancer du sein est le premier cancer féminin en termes d'incidence et de mortalité. Au Maroc, il vient au premier rang des cancers de la femme avant celui du col utérin Il constitue un problème de santé publique. Son pronostic est étroitement lié au stade auquel le diagnostic est posé. Il s'agit d'une pathologie dont les moyens diagnostiques sont de nos jours développés, allant de la détection précoce à la mise en évidence de lésions infra-cliniques, ce qui a nettement amélioré le pronosti...

  2. Perioperative management of facial bipartition surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caruselli M

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Marco Caruselli,1 Michael Tsapis,1,2 Fabrice Ughetto,1 Gregoire Pech-Gourg,3 Dario Galante,4 Olivier Paut1 1Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, La Timone Children’s Hospital, 2Pediatric Transport Team, SAMU 13, La Timone Hospital, 3Pediatric Neurosurgery Unit, La Timone Children’s Hospital, Marseille, France; 4Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital Ospedali Riuniti of Foggia, Foggia, Italy Abstract: Severe craniofacial malformations, such as Crouzon, Apert, Saethre-Chotzen, and Pfeiffer syndromes, are very rare conditions (one in 50,000/100,000 live births that often require corrective surgery. Facial bipartition is the more radical corrective surgery. It is a high-risk intervention and needs complex perioperative management and a multidisciplinary approach. Keywords: craniofacial surgery, facial bipartition surgery, craniofacial malformations, pediatric anesthesia

  3. A Paragon of Both Scientific Spirit and Humanistic Concern-Coching Chu and The Complete Works of Coching Chu%科学精神与人文关怀的典范--竺可桢和《竺可桢全集》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞毓麟

    2005-01-01

    @@ 一瓣荐心香 物候贯千载,禹迹穷八荒. 科坛标铁汉,学宇沐春光. 海纳百川大,壁立千仞刚. 浩茫极仰望,一瓣荐心香. 这是中国科学院资深院士王绶琯先生20年前写的一首五律,题为.其中"物候"句谓竺老研究物候学,考据远及古代文献,近至日常记录;"禹迹"句谓竺老主持综合考察,足迹遍及边远地区,故喻之以大禹治水行迹."科坛"两句谓竺老耿直刚正,但对学生后辈呵护备至."海纳百川"又应"学宇"句,"壁立千仞"则应"科坛"句.

  4. Reevaluation of the Historical Achievements of the Chu People——On the Inheritance of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Chu and Han Cultures%对"楚人"创造历史的再评价——兼论楚汉文化的"非物质遗产"继承

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田秉锷

    2007-01-01

    "三户亡秦"之说,流传二千二百多年,被人误解为历史宿命.除列国斗争的背景外,"亡秦"的历史变革以人性升华、人格演变为先导,并触及了"人民"与"英雄"的再评价."一人兴汉"较少疑义,但楚与汉的血脉通亦多被史家忽略,司马迁称刘邦为"大圣",非虚说.历史不再给"楚人"另一个机会,所以楚与汉的后人只好以昨天为自豪,提出"非物质遗产"的继承,为一人文理想.

  5. New Vision of "Chu Ci" Study——Evaluation of Chen Pu-qing's "Nan Chu Wu Ge Hua Wei CI"%《楚辞》研究的新视角——陈蒲清《南楚巫歌化纬辞》评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建

    2007-01-01

    研究屈原及其作品已成为学术界十分关注的热门课题,陈蒲清从巫学角度研究《楚辞》,无疑是一种新的视角,亦是一种创新思维.通过对《南楚巫歌化伟辞》一文的剖析,解读其巫歌升华的基本内核.揭示其研究成果的深刻内涵和思想、艺术方面的影响.

  6. 一部引导人们走进《楚辞》艺术殿堂的力作——汤漳平译注《楚辞》研究方法刍议%Interpretation of Chu Ci: a Wonderful Guide to Chu Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林祥征

    2007-01-01

    汤漳平先生译注的综合梳理了前人的研究成果,在运用历史学、哲学、美学、文艺学、民俗学、考古学等理论进行观照的基础上提出了自己独到的见解.在马克思主义唯物史现的指导下,重视历史过程的考察,重视文本的解构,较为准确地把握的精髓.

  7. 78 FR 17992 - Additional Designation of Three North Korean Individuals Pursuant to Executive Order 13382

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... of State. ACTION: Designation of Pak To-Chun, Chu Kyu-Chang, and O Kuk-Ryol Pursuant to E.O. 13382... with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Attorney General, has determined that Pak To-Chun, Chu Kyu..., Chagang Province, DPRK CHU KYU-CHANG A.K.A.: Chu Kyu-Ch'ang A.K.A.: Ju Kyu-Chang D.O.B.: November 25,...

  8. A Brief History of Architectural Development in Chab-mdo District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tuga

    2004-01-01

    Chab-mdo District is situated in the east of the Tibet Autonomous Region, a part of Khams according to traditional territorial divisions. Owing to the complex landforms and varying climates of the Valleys of Three Rivers (vbri chu ,zla chu and rgyamo rngul chu in Tibetan;orJinsha, Lancang and Nu Rivers in

  9. 还原马尔萨斯和马寅初人口思想的历史价值%Revisit Historic Values of Popualtion Thought of Malthus and Ma Yin-chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆光宗

    2010-01-01

    在人口思想史上,马尔萨斯及其、马寅初及其是无法绕过去的里程碑人物和文献,其历史功绩不容抹杀.马尔萨斯的重要思想贡献是注意到了生活资料供应对于人口增长和生存的制约性,并且看到了人类主观能动性作用的光明空间.马寅初所生活的时代是高度集权的计划经济时代,他提出国家理应有干预生育之权,所论的是"制度性抑制".到了崇尚人权、自由和发展的市场经济时代,就要从"制度性抑制"拓展到"制度性保障".家庭享有生育自主之权,政府则有生育保障之责.中国不是不需要计划生育,只是在变革和发展的年代需要赋予其新的内涵.中国需要民主计生、人文计生、福利计生.

  10. Exchanges on the History of Science Research between Joseph Needham and Coching Chu%李约瑟与竺可桢的中国科学史研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱永红

    2011-01-01

    针对"中国自来无科学"的论断,以竺可桢为代表的中国学者致力于中国科学史研究,发表大量学术论著,为中国辉煌而久远的科技发展史正名;李约瑟亦不约而同地加入了大讨论,并以大量无可争辩的事实有力地批判了"西方中心论".作为李约瑟编纂强有力的支持者,竺可桢有目的地为李约瑟搜集中国科学技术史的书籍资料,并通过中国科学院给予其人力、财力资助.而李约瑟的编撰计划实际上也诱发了竺可桢着手建立中国科学史研究专门机构的构想.就二十八宿起源地点与创立时期的学术争论,竺可桢坚持中国起源说,李约瑟则依违于巴比伦起源说与双方独立起源说之间.

  11. On the Progress of China's Modern Earth-Science from Coching Chu's Contribution%竺可桢与东南大学地学系 --兼论竺可桢地学思想的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张九辰

    2003-01-01

    在中国近代地学的主要开创者中,竺可桢以学术权威和学术管理者的双重身份做出了突出的贡献.为了创造一个适当的发展环境,竺可桢在地学体制化方面发挥了重要的作用,尤其是他创建的第一个地学系--东南大学地学系,培养了几代中国早期的近代地学人才.中国地理学界和气象学界的奠基者,多出自竺可桢门下.中国学者在引进西方地学的同时也在努力创造一个适合中国的近代地学体系.竺可桢地学思想的形成过程,正是近代地学在中国形成、发展的一个缩影.文章通过对竺可桢所受教育背景和学术思想形成过程的分析,研究了近代地学在中国的发展及演变历程.

  12. Analýza neúspěchu řešení romské otázky v Československu 50. a 60. let 20. století

    OpenAIRE

    Poprik, Anton

    2009-01-01

    The bachelor thesis "Analysis of the Roma issue concerning failure in Czechoslovakia in the 50's and 60's of the 20th century" deals with the state institutions procedures addressing Roma issues during the first twenty years of the Communist Party rule in Czechoslovakia. The first part brings a broader historical perspective of solving the Roma issue and particularly the impact of World War II on its later character. The core of the thesis lies in examination of three base periods, which took...

  13. 晏阳初与裴斯泰洛齐乡村教育思想之比较%Comparison of Yan Yang-chu's and Pestalozzi's Rural Educational Ideas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小丁; 汪旺根

    2009-01-01

    "定县模式"与"新庄模式"是中外教育史上乡村教育的两面旗帜,晏阳初和裴斯泰洛齐就是乡村教育运动中伟大的旗手.他们的乡村教育思想折射出根植于现实的教育家的理想诉求.迎合了那个时代的民族改造浪潮,反映出复兴民族的时代精神.尽管他们所处的国度与环境不同,但他们的教育实验过程和理论的形成过程有较多的相似之处.他们都具有基督的博爱精神;受到西方教育思想的深刻影响;肩负着教育改造社会的使命感和责任感;他们的乡村教育理论根植于各自社会的文化传统、国家教育的现实以及乡村教育改革的需要.他们的教育实验扎根于农村;实验服务的对象是穷人;其目的是解决农民的劣根性;教育内容强化训练、重实用、重生活;教育手段上科学化、简单化,成功地创造了两种乡村教育模式.

  14. Etude de la sensibilité aux antibiotiques des bacilles à Gram négatif non fermentants isolés au niveau du service de réanimation du CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Boukhatem, Louiza

    2014-01-01

    هي جراثيم ممرضة انتهازية مسؤولة أساسا عن عدوى المستشفيات و تظهر هذه البكتيريا قدرة )BGNnF( العصيات الغير مخمرة التكيف اتجاه المضادات الحيوية مما يؤدي إلى مشاكل علاجية حادة في كثير من الأحيان . مجموع 62 جرثوم من العصيات الغير مخمرة تم عزلها ما بين جانفي و أفريل 6102 على مستوى وحدة العناية المركزة بمركز الإستشفائي الجامعي بتلمسان . دراسة لاكتمين , 2 أمينوزيد , 0 فليوركينولون و الكولستين بطريقة الإنتشار على -β حساسية هذه الجراثيم إلى 06 مضاد حيوي منهم 7 متعددة المقاومة للمضادات الحيو...

  15. Melæna massif révélant un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers vu au CHU-JRA Madagascar: à propos d'un cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers (SPJ) est caractérisé par l'association d'une polypose digestive hamartomateuse et d'une lentiginose cutanéo-muqueuse. Les malades sont exposés à des complications mécaniques et hémorragiques. Il s'agit d'un syndrome de prédisposition au cancer. Notre étude a pour objectif de rappeler les diagnostiques d'un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers, de connaitre les complications ainsi que les progrès thérapeutiques dans la prise en charge. Nous avons rapporté le cas d'un homme de 32 ans présentant un melaena massif. Il a été hospitalisé en service de réanimation chirurgicale pour état de choc hypovolémique difficile à contrôler. Il a nécessité une intervention chirurgicale pour arrêter l'hémorragie. Nous avons trouvé un polype hamartomateux dans le grêle qui a causé le saignement. Le diagnostic d'un Syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers a été posé devant la notion de lentiginose labiale pendant l'enfance. Lors de l'exploration clinique et paraclinique, il ne présente pas encore de cancer. A Madagascar, cette pathologie est encore mal connue. Dans la littérature, le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers peut être révélé cliniquement ou au stade de complication comme l'hémorragie, l'invagination ou l'occlusion intestinale. Dans notre cas, la maladie est compliquée d'une hémorragie digestive avec état de choc hypovolémique. La polypectomie endoscopique par entéroscopie à double ballonnet permet de diminuer le recours à la chirurgie grêlique d'urgence. Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers est une affection rare. Mais il est important aux cliniciens de le connaitre et de penser à sa possibilité en cas d'hémorragie digestive. PMID:27217901

  16. Chu空间下的粗糙集与证据理论结合进行内燃机诊断%Fault Diagnosis of Diesel Engine by Integrating Rough Sets and Evidence Theory of Chu Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋立军; 胡政; 杨拥民; 温熙森

    2007-01-01

    证据理论是处理不确定性问题的有效工具,但其依赖专家知识提供证据,并要求各证据体相互独立,致使实际应用困难.借助粗糙集理论,剔除冗余成分,应可克服证据获取主观性和证据体相关性的缺陷.Chu空间理论提供了一种通用的代数框架,是用于诊断信息融合的一种新方法;针对此问题,研究了Chu空间表达下的粗糙集与证据理论可集成性,并提出了基于二者集成的故障诊断推理策略.柴油机的实际诊断结果验证了将粗糙集与证据理论相结合进行故障诊断的良好效果.

  17. Effect of VN precipitates on formation of grain boundary and intragranular ferrite in a high N-V bearing steel; V-N tenkako no ryukai oyobi ryunai ferrite hentai ni oyobosu austenite chu no VN sekishutsu no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omori, A.; Oi, K.; Kawabata, F.; Amano, K. [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-11-01

    The enhancement of ferrite nucleation owing to vanadium nitride (VN) precipitated in the austenite phase was studied for a 0.14%C- 1.45%Mn-0.06%V-0.009%N steel and the isothermal ferrite transformation behavior associated with VN precipitation was also quantitatively discussed. Vanadium nitrides precipitate on the austenite grain boundary in preference to the grain interior and increase the density of grain boundary ferrites. On the other hand, VN precipitates in austenite grain interior are less effective to intragranular ferrite nucleation. The calculation based on the classical nucleation theory shows that the activation energy of VN precipitates for a critical ferrite nucleus formation is one-fifth lower than that in case of no precipitate. The ferrite nucleation potency of VN precipitates is kept high even in higher temperature range above 700degreeC. (author)

  18. Conception Design of New Vernacular Dwellings——Primary Analysis of Dwellings in Chu%新农村住宅设计概念方案——楚宅浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段翔; 苏彦; 陈慧宇

    2007-01-01

    该文从一个以农村居住为研究对象的概念设计方案入手,探讨了现代农村民居建设中的历史文化传承问题,提出了在新农村民居建设中应注重历史与文化的营造.

  19. Notification of HIV status disclosure and its related factors in HIV-infected adolescents in 2009 in the Aconda program (CePReF, CHU Yopougon in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, The PRADO-CI Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanga David Meless

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We studied the frequency of documentation of disclosure of HIV status in medical charts and its correlates among HIV-infected adolescents in 2009, in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. Methods: The PRADO-CI is a cross-sectional study aimed at studying HIV-infected adolescents’ social, psychological, and behavioural difficulties and their determinants in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. In this study, we present specific analyses on disclosure. All HIV-infected adolescents aged 13–21 years and followed at least once in 2009 in two urban HIV-care centres in Abidjan (Cepref and Yopougon Teaching Hospital were enrolled in the study. Standardized data were extracted from medical records to document if there was notification of disclosure of HIV status in the medical record. Frequency of notification of HIV disclosure was estimated with its 95% confidence interval (CI and correlates were analyzed using logistic regression. Results: In 2009, 229 adolescents were included: 126 (55% males; 93% on antiretroviral therapy (ART, 61% on cotrimoxazole prophylaxis. Their median age was 15 years at the time of the study. Among the 193 patients for whom information on HIV status disclosure was documented (84%, only 63 (32.6%; 95% CI=26.0–39.3% were informed of their status. The proportion of adolescents informed increased significantly with age: 19% for 13–15 years, 33% for 16–18 years and 86% for 19–21 years (p <0.0001. Adolescents on ART tended to be more likely to be informed of their HIV status (34.5% than those not treated (13.3% (p=0.11. Those on cotrimoxazole were significantly more likely to be informed (39.6% than those not (21.9% (p=0.01. Disclosure was significantly higher in adolescents with a history of ART regimen change (p=0.003 and in those followed in the Cepref (48.4% compared to the Yopougon Teaching Hospital (24.8%, (p=0.001. In multivariate analyses, disclosed HIV status was significantly higher in those followed-up in the Cepref compared to the other centre: adjusted odds ratio (aOR=3.5 (95% CI: 1.1–10.9, and among older adolescents compared to those aged 13–15 years: [16–18 years] aOR=4.2 (95% CI: 1.5–11.5 and [>18 years]: aOR=22.1 (95% CI: 5.2–93.5. Conclusions: HIV disclosure rate was low among Ivoirian HIV adolescents and was site- and age-dependent. There is a need for practical interventions to support HIV disclosure to adolescents which provides age-appropriate information about the disease.

  20. 《清华大学藏战国竹简(壹)》考释%Textual Interpretation of Three Slips in the Chu -Dynasty Bamboo Slips of Warring States Collected by Tsinghua University ( Vol.1 )

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰

    2012-01-01

    《清华大学藏战国竹简(壹)》公布以后,引起学术界的关注.经过整理者和学者们的积极努力,解决了很多问题,但还是有值得探讨的地方.如《程寤》简8的“思”应释为“畏”,《尹至》、《祭公》等的从中从亡的字应是“丧”.

  1. Contrôle de qualité des produits radio-pharmaceutiques utilisés au Service de medecine nucléaire au CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    BENHADA, Henene; RACHEDI, Chafiqa

    2012-01-01

    Les médicaments radio-pharmaceutiques constituent l'un des outils essentiels des services de Médecine Nucléaire. Ces médicaments sont principalement réservés au diagnostic (95% des applications) mais également à la thérapie (< 5%). De par leur spécificité (administration unique lors d'une exploration fonctionnelle ; durée de vie du médicament courte, du fait du principe même de la radioactivité), les radiopharmaceutiques posent des problèmes quant à la réalisation des tests req...

  2. Analyse des facteurs histo-pronostiques du cancer du rectum non métastatique dans une série ouest Algérienne de 58 cas au CHU-Tlemcen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesli, Smain Nabil; Regagba, Derbali; Tidjane, Anisse; Benkalfat, Mokhtar; Abi-Ayad, Chakib

    2016-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de notre travail est d'analyser les facteurs histo-pronostiques des cancers du rectum non métastatique opérés au service de chirurgie «A» de Tlemcen à ouest Algérien durant une période de six ans. Méthodes Etude rétrospective de 58 patients qui avait un adénocarcinome rectal. Le critère de jugement était la survie. Les paramètres étudiés, le sexe, l’âge, stade tumoral, et les récidives tumorales. Résultats L’âge moyen était de 58 ans. Avec 52% d'hommes contre 48% femmes avec sex-ratio (1,08). Le siège tumoral était: moyen rectum avec 41,37%, 34,48% au bas rectum et dans 24,13% au haut rectum. La classification TNM avec 17,65% au stade I, 18,61% au stade II, 53, 44% au stade III et 7,84% au stade IV. La survie médiane globale était de 40 mois ±2,937 mois. La survie en fonction du stade tumoral, le stade III et IV avait un faible taux de survie (19%) a 3 ans contre le stade I, II avait un taux de survie de (75%) (P = 0,000) (IC 95%). Les patients avec récidives tumorales avaient un taux de survie faible à 3 ans par rapport à ceux n'ayant pas eu de récidive (30,85% Vs 64,30% P = 0,043). Conclusion Dans cette série, l’étude uni varié des différents facteurs pronostiques conditionnant la survie n'a permis de retenir que trois facteurs influençant la survie, à savoir la taille tumorale, le stade, et les récidives tumorales. En analyse multi variée en utilisant le modèle Cox un seul facteur été retenu la récidive tumorale. PMID:27583069

  3. 论先秦两汉时期的荆楚巫术文化%A Discussion on the Sorcery Culture in Jing-Chu Area During Qin and Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗运环

    2007-01-01

    先秦两汉时期普遍崇巫,荆楚地区尤"重巫祀".文章充分利用新出简帛资料结合传世文献,贯通先秦两汉,对荆楚地区的多神崇拜、巫术种类、卜筮祭祷、历日禁忌、驱鬼招魂等进行系统地探讨,指出了荆楚巫术以沅湘为盛及东汉以前巫术地位高的原因.

  4. Ionization current in N2 gas. Part 7. ; Diffusion and reflection of metastable particles. N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 7. ; Jun antei reiki ryushi no kakusan to hansha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H. (Chiba Inst. of Technology, Chiba (Japan)); Ikuta, N. (Tokushima Univ., Tokushima (Japan))

    1993-06-20

    The energy loss process in quenching of excited particles by collision to other ones and solid surfaces was investigated with metastable excited particles formed in weakly ionized gases. The measured lifetime of N2 metastable particles in N2, N2/CO, N2/CH3 gases during Townsent discharge did not agree with the Molnar's theoretical value which was obtained by solving diffusion equations using the boundary condition that assumes the density of excited particles to be zero at electrodes and tube walls. Strange behavior was observed too, that is, coefficients of diffusion and reaction rate determined by the theoretical lifetime change systematically with the distance between electrodes. Then, the novel boundary condition that takes reflection coefficient into account was applied to solve diffusion equations. The results obtained could account for experimental results without any discrepancy. The analysis of results clarified the dependence of various parameters of metastable excited particles on the reflection coefficient. The increase of reflection coefficient decreases the surface quenching of excited particles at electrodes and elongs effectively excited lifetime and increases the number of collisional quenching in gas phases. 16 refs., 8 figs.

  5. 楚人宗教信仰刍议(续)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡雅丽

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the belief system of the ancient Chupeoplebased on the cosmology of the Chu people. The evidence shown in the article are not only some unearthed Chu bamboo & silk manuscripts and few documents handed down from ancient times,but also the archaeological material of the Chu remains. The author divides the belief system of the Chu people into two types: natural divinity and human ghost, finding out the fundamental idol of the Chu people as well as the main motive force of the development of the fundamental idol. According to the author, the ancient Chu people formed their distinctive cosmology in the course of exploring the nature, on the basis of which they set up the belief system with general character and specific feature themselves.

  6. Lenalidomide, as a single agent, induces complete remission in a refractory mantle cell lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Tempescul, Adrian; Ianotto, Jean-Christophe; Morel, Frederic; Morel, Frédéric; Marion, Veronique; De Braekeleer, Marc; Berthou, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Lenalidomide, as a single agent, induces complete remission in a refractory mantle cell lymphoma phone: +33-298-223504 (Tempescul, Adrian) (Tempescul, Adrian) Department of Clinical Hematology, Institute of Cancerology and Hematology, CHU Morvan - Avenue Foch - 29609 - Brest - FRANCE (Tempescul, Adrian) Department of Clinical Hematology, Institute of Cancerology and Hematology, CHU Morvan - Avenue Foch - 29609 - Brest - FRANCE (Ianotto, Jean-Christophe) ...

  7. A combination therapy with fludarabine, mitoxantrone and rituximab induces complete immunophenotypical remission in B-cell prolymphocytic leukaemia

    OpenAIRE

    Tempescul, Adrian; Feuerbach, Johanna; Ianotto, Jean-Christophe; Dalbies, Florence; Marion, Veronique; Bris, Marie-Josée; De Braekeleer, Marc; Berthou, Christian

    2008-01-01

    A combination therapy with fludarabine, mitoxantrone and rituximab induces complete immunophenotypical remission in B-cell prolymphocytic leukaemia phone: +33-298-223504 (Tempescul, Adrian) (Tempescul, Adrian) Department of Clinical Hematology, Institute of Cancerology and Hematology - CHU Morvan, Avenue Foch - 29609 - Brest - FRANCE (Tempescul, Adrian) Department of Clinical Hematology, Institute of Cancerology and Hematology - CHU Morvan, Avenue Foch - 2...

  8. Friends of NSFC in Obama's Cabinet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Youxin

    2008-01-01

    @@ On 15 December,2008,the US President-Elect Obama Picked Steven Chu for Energy Secretary.Steven Chu is an old friend of NSFC.On May 4,1998,he attended a reception of Nobel Prize winners in Beijing hosted by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.The following photos were taken at the meeting.

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-XTRO-01-0587 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-XTRO-01-0587 ref|ZP_01883526.1| CHU large protein; uncharacterized [Pedobacter... sp. BAL39] gb|EDM36996.1| CHU large protein; uncharacterized [Pedobacter sp. BAL39] ZP_01883526.1 0.077 20% ...

  10. Beijing Lack of "Carrier"Exhibition Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    An Interview towards Mr. Chu Xiangyin, Vice Chairman of Beijing Subcouncil, CCPIT Reporter: Would you please tell us development of exhibition industry in Beijing? Chu Xiangyin: Beijing Statistical Bureau and us have been designing and analyzing statistical system for exhibition industry from 2003. As the largest exhibition center in Beijing,

  11. Are reviewers obstructing stem cell research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Binetruy

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Bernard BinetruyINSERM U626, Faculté de Médecine La Timone, Marseille, FranceA current controversy in stem cell research was published on the BBC website recently. Some stem cell researchers have said that "they believe a small group of scientists is effectively vetoing high quality science from publication in journals". They strongly suspected some reviewers to be deliberately sending back negative comments or asking for unnecessary experiments. Nature editor, Dr Philip Campbell, has said that "this idea is utterly false".

  12. Modelo de simulación y control dinámico para un catamarán submarino con seis grados de libertad

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Ibarz, Jesús

    2011-01-01

    [Resumen] En esta tesis se obtienen un modelo dinámico simulado válido para cualquier vehículo submarino y se ha aplicado al caso concreto de un vehículo catamarán sumergible para tres configuraciones definidas de sus superficies de control. Las tres configuraciones corresponden a la misma geometría con el único cambio de la posición del timón o timones de dirección. Este modelo dinámico, basado en la combinación de fórmulas teóricas y resultados empíricos, proporciona...

  13. Лабораторные работы / Борис Тух ; иллюстрация: Cheng Chu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    5.-6. okt. 2013 toimus Tallinnas Vene Teatris, Teatris NO99 ja Von Krahli Teatris uue vene dramaturgia laboratoorium ("Лаборатория современной российской драматургии"). Kavas olid järgmised lavastuseskiisid: Ivan Võrõpajevi "Illusioonid" (lav. Pavel Zobnin), Pavel Prjažko "Alukad" (lav. Anton Malikov), Pavel Prjažko "Põld" (lav. Ivar Põllu), Mihhail Durnenkovi "(Kõige) lihtsam meetod suitsetamisest loobumiseks" (lav. Ivan Strelkin). Näidendid ja lavastajad valis Vene Teatri peanäitejuht Marat Katsalov

  14. A Scientific Soul,a Patriotic Heart,a Plebeian Feeling:A Preliminary Investigation on Popular Science Works by Coching Chu%科学魂爱国心平民情——竺可桢科普作品初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞毓麟

    2006-01-01

    @@ 人们研究竺可桢的科普工作,非自今日始.然而,如今更深入地研究这一课题,却有了更为优越的条件--拥有了完整的宝贵资料.经《竺可桢全集》编辑委员会多年的艰辛劳动,这部千余万字的《全集》自2004年始由上海科技教育出版社分卷陆续出版,头7卷今已面世.笔者研究竺可桢及其科普工作尚未深入,今不揣浅陋,呈"初探"一札,盖欲求教于方家也.

  15. 竺可桢与新中国的科学史研究事业——基于档案和日记的新考察%Coching Chu and the Research Enterprise of History of Science in People's Republic of China: A New Study Based on Archives and Diary Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭金海

    2013-01-01

    竺可桢晚年担任中国科学院副院长期间,积极倡导、组织和领导科学史研究事业.20世纪50年代中国科学院成立中国自然科学史研究委员会和中国自然科学史研究室,均与其密切相关.1957年中国自然科学史研究室成立后,除对撰著《中国天文学史》给予指导外,竺可桢还主持编撰了《徐光启纪念论文集》,并在全院范围内组织人员撰写近代科学史文章、科学家传.“文革”中,其赋闲在家,仍关心该室命运,曾吁请恢复该室工作.竺可桢在新中国科学史研究事业的开创和早期发展过程中扮演了相当重要而积极的角色.

  16. Market Economy, Democratic System, and Ethnic Hatred— introducing World On Fire: How Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability by Amy Chu%市场经济、民主体制和种族仇视 --读《燃烧的世界》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦亚青

    2003-01-01

    @@ 西方主流政治学理论认为经济市场化和政治民主化是共生共存的.在过去40年里,这一观点一直占据了理论界的主导地位.美国耶鲁大学华裔法学教授蔡美儿(Amy Chua)刚刚出版的著作却从种族研究的视角,对主流政治学的发展理论提出了挑战.①该书一经出版,立即引起了学界的重视,并且引发了不小的争论.

  17. 研究/電子資源使用統計標準與規範之探討/陳雪華;許嘉珍;朱雅琦 | Study of the Electronic Resources Usage Statistics Standards and Guidelines/ Hsueh-Hua Chen;Chia-Chen Hsu;Ya-Chi Chu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳雪華、許嘉珍、朱雅琦

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    近年來,由於資訊科技的進步,圖書館中的電子資源數量快速增加,所佔預算金額比例也大幅增長。圖書館希望能夠透過評鑑電子資源的使用,以便能夠在電 子資源館藏發展等方面做出正確的決策。由於體認到電子資源使用統計之重要性,圖書館界與相關組織紛紛發展或修訂圖書館統計標準,增列電子資源使用統計的項 目以充分反映圖書館電子資源使用之狀況。本文主要採用文獻分析法以及內容分析法,收集探討並比較近軍來國內外電子資源使用統計之相關規範及標準,包含 ISO 2789、 ICOLC Guidelines、州ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrlcs、E-Measures Project、以及Project COUNTER等。

    Recently, due to the advances of information technology, electronic resources are gradually replacing print resources as the largest consumer of library acquisition budgets. Logically, libraries want to evaluate the usage of electronic resources and incorporate the results into their decision making regarding electronic resource acquisition. Over these years, there is a general awareness among libraries to develop statistics standards and guidelines for library electronic resources usage. In this paper, literature review and content analysis methods are used to compare several library statistics standards, including: ISO 2789 、ICOLC Guidelines、ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrics、E-Measures Project、and Project COUNTER etc.

    頁次:89-102

  18. On theAdjuvant Language Guide of the Book of Songs and the Songs of Chu%诗骚辅弼 语言津梁——读《(诗经)(楚辞)补释及其它》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤泉

    2012-01-01

    罗英风先生的著作,大胆假设,小心求证,超轶前人,迭出新见。具体表现为:一是对语法理论的精密运用,二是对语言文本的细密体悟,三是对语义理解的系统考量。其发明新意颇多,有功于先贤,有益于后学。%Mr. Luo-yingfeng' s work has bold assumptions, careful gathering, a lot of new insights in it. It shows as: The first is the precise application of theories of syntax; second is the detailed understanding of language text ; third is systems thinking to semantic understanding. The work is credit to the past scholars, and is beneficial in the later learners.

  19. 云南高原楚雄市城市发展规模与城市热岛效应关系分析%Relationship between Urban Development Scale and Heart Island Effect in Yunnan Plateau ChuXiong City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何萍; 李宏波; 张琴

    2012-01-01

    The paper selecting the size of the elements of urban development indicators, using of correlation analysis, systematically analyses the development of its urban heat island intensity of relations in Chuxiong of Yunnan during the period 1990-2009 and finds that built-up area, non-agricultural population and the urban heat island are close. Then the paper using the weighted evaluation index scale of urban development, establishes the scale of urban development of urban heat island intensity and changes in trends in Chuxiong City, and finds that in recent years with the Chuxiong urban heat island intensity on the scale of the development year by year, then proposes new city by establishing concept of development, and improving urban ecological planning, and several other areas to further mend the negative impact of the Chuxiong urban heat island effect.%选取城市发展规模要素的指标,运用相关分析法,系统分析楚雄市1990~2009年期间城市规模的发展对其城市热岛强度的影响关系,发现建成区面积、非农业人口与城市热岛效应关系密切.再采用加权综合评价法计算城市发展规模综合指数,建立楚雄市城市发展规模与城市热岛强度的变化趋势图,发现近年来楚雄年热岛强度随着城市规模的发展逐年上升,建议通过树立新的城市发展观、搞好城市生态规划等几个方面来进一步改善楚雄“城市热岛效应”的负面影响.

  20. Toxicity research of spine poisoning fish frequently found in China coastal waters--Investigation of injury caused by stingray Dasyatis laevigatus Chu%中国沿海常见棘毒鱼类的毒性研究--光魟螫伤的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于业军; 刘晓萍; 张克凌; 孙衍增; 王海青; 秦士德

    2000-01-01

    被棘毒鱼螫伤是渔业工作者中常见的职业病,本研究对中国沿海近40个渔港,10万余名渔民进行了调查研究,发现魟类是我国沿海毒性最强的棘毒鱼,发病率为3%~9%.并且对光魟的毒腺结构进行了初步观察.用毒棘直接刺伤及粗提液注射大鼠的方法,对其螫伤表现及演变过程进行了初步探讨.并且提出预防及治疗的方法.

  1. 圖書館事業專欄/美國的法學院圖書館在法律教育中的角色/劉朱勝 | The Roles of Academic Law Libraries in American Legal Education / Clement Chu-Sing Lau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    劉朱勝

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    在美國,法學院圖書館的主要任務是為法學院的教學與研究活動提供資訊服務支援。因此,法學院圖書館在法律教育方面的功能與扮演的角色可說與一般的高等教育 機構,如大學圖書館沒有太大的差異。法學院圖書館與各類型的大學圖書館都是為高等教育機構提供資訊服務的部門,它們的使命、服務內容及運作方式都具有許多 相似的地方。但是,由於美國的法律教育方式與其他學科有所不同,加上法律文獻資料的形態和法律人士的資訊需求有其獨特性,這些因素都影響法學院圖書館無論 就其館藏發展、組織分類、行政管理和服務專案等方面與其他各類型的大學圖書館又有明顯不同之處。

    頁次:103-110

  2. La recherche de la surexpression de la protéine et l'amplification du gène HER2 dans le cancer de l'estomac par immunohistochimie et Hybridation in Situ: expérience du CHU HASSAN II de Fès

    OpenAIRE

    El Fatemi, Hinde; Hammas, Nawal; Idrissi, Karima; Mellas, Nawfel; Bennani, Amal; Amarti, Afaf; Cayre, Anne; Penault-Llorca, Frederique; Mesbahi, Omar

    2012-01-01

    La surexpression de l'Her2 a été détectée dans plusieurs cancers et a été particulièrement étudiée dans le cancer du sein. Elle est décrite dans 10 à 30% des adénocarcinomes gastriques. Un statut HER2 positif est un facteur de mauvais pronostic et un facteur prédictif de la réponse à l'herceptine (trastuzumab). Cet article présente les résultats d'une étude préliminaire portant sur 31 cas de tumeurs gastriques, et dont le but est d’évaluer la surexpression de l’ HER2 dans les adénocarcinomes ...

  3. 專論/以關鍵詞網絡探討動態性知識管理議題/陳良駒;張正宏 | Exploring Dynamic Knowledge Management Research Issues: A Keyword Network Analysis / Liang-Chu Chen; Jeng-Horng Chang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳良駒、張正宏

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    知識管理是企業邁向知識經濟時代的實務顯學,也是學術界近年來持續探討的重要研究議題。然而知識管理的面向是一種多維度的呈現,如何快速而正確的瞭 解知識管理議題的發展,是許多組織知識工作者及學術研究學者努力的目標。許多學者提出知識管理內容的架構及分類,但卻都是屬於一種由上而下的靜態設計。社 會網絡分析是呈現及量測網絡實體成員互動的技術,適合建構關係網絡的動態性。本文嘗試以關鍵詞網絡來分析國內資訊相關系所從事知識管理研究的主題及脈絡, 並透過關鍵詞的連結來建構一套動態性的知識管理研究範疇。研究成果除驗證知識管理學域中的研究重點,更透過網絡關係來連結多樣性的研究構想,進而提供產官 學界更宏觀且動態的知識管理研究建議。

    Knowledge management (KM is an important practice in a corporation and an essential issue that academic scholars intend to explore continuously in the era of knowledge economy. However, KM presents a variety of perspectives that are still undefined for many knowledge workers and academic researchers. Many scholars propose a few categories and frameworks about KM, but a static outcome. Social network analysis (SNA is a method to present and measure the interaction among network entities and it is suitable to construct the dynamic relationship networks. The purpose of this study is to acquire the research issues and contexts of KM within information-related graduate schools based on a keyword network analysis. Moreover, we build a dynamic KM research network through these linkages with keywords. The results of this study confirm the essential research perspectives in a KM domain and suggest a variety of KM research ideas which provide the industries, governments, and academic communities with a macro and dynamic KM research viewpoint.

    頁次:81-94

  4. 折戟沉沙铁未销,自将磨洗认前朝——读力之教授《《楚辞》与中古文献考说》%An Academic Book Review for Professor Lizhi's Textual Research on ChuCi and Literatures of Medieval Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪超

    2010-01-01

    力之教授与中古文献考说>是二部逻辑严密、材料翔实的论文集,三十二篇论文分别在和中古文献领域构建起完整的研究体系.全书始终站在"以古还古"的立场上,在历史语境中考察问题.该书特点大要有三,日:探共性,辩众说,溯源头.

  5. 王逸《楚辞章句》述评——《历代襄阳名作家研究》系列论文之二%Wang Yi's ChuCiZhangJu Commentary The past dynasties Xiang Yang county writer studies two of series thesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周圣弘; 孟祥荣

    2007-01-01

    王逸的不仅是研究楚辞的重要文献,也是训诂学史上的一部颇具特色的训诂著作.它在继承以来训诂传经,吸收"传注"体训诂的长处之基础上,又多有创获,形成其独具的品貌.

  6. 发愤抒情,以情译诗--杨宪益、戴乃迭《楚辞选》英译析评%Expressing Emotions and Translating Poems with Affections---Comments on English Versions of Selected Elegies of the State of Chu by YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2015-01-01

    “发愤抒情”是屈原表达其创作旨趣时提出的诗学观念。杨宪益、戴乃迭以情译诗,努力传达《楚辞》的情感力量、道德境界、文化意蕴,体现屈原的“哀与悲”“恐与惜”“思与怀”之情感。他们以传播中国文化的价值与灵魂为翻译目的,以源语为中心力求保存原作的要义,同时也考虑到目的语读者的期待视野和接受能力,采用直译、意译、释译相结合的方法,尽量使译文产生与原文相似的美学效果。%“Expressing one’ s emotions” is a poetic concept of writing put forward by QU Yuan. YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang translate poems with affections in order to convey the emotional power, moral state and cultural implication. They also try to reflect QU Yuan’ s feelings such as “grief and sorrow”,“fear and pity” and “yearning for hometown and monarch”. Taking spreading Chinese culture’ s values and soul as the translation purpose, they try to keep the spirit of the source text by focusing on Chinese culture. Meanwhile, they also take into consideration of target readers’ acceptance and expectations. Lit-eral translation, free translation and interpretation are used to make similar aesthetic effect of the original text.

  7. Ionization current in N2 gas. 11. Three dimensional analysis for loss processes of metastable particles affected by the reflection at the boundary; N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 11. Kyokai deno hansha wo koryoshita jun`antei reiki ryushi sonshitsu katei no sanjigen kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H.; Ikuta, N. [Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba (Japan)

    1998-10-01

    Loss processes of the nitrogen metastable molecule N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) in plane parallel electrodes have been investigated by us previously by solving the diffusion equation. Our procedure is based on an analysis using the third kind of boundary condition which can take account of finite values for the density of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) at the electrode surfaces. The values of the effective lifetime of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) calculated from this analysis were reasonably consistent with our experiments. This paper describes the behavior of the effective lifetimes of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) in a cylindrical cavity. The analytical treatment of the diffusion equation for N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) proposed by us is extended to the three dimensional space. We report the nature of the effective lifetimes of metastable molecule in the cylindrical cavity systematically. 16 refs., 9 figs.

  8. "The Journaling of Traveling in Chu" and Famous Landscape Resource of Danxia landform in South Hunan Province——To commemorate Xu Xiake's Death for 360 Years%《楚游日记》与湘南丹霞地貌风景名胜资源——纪念徐霞客逝世360周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨载田

    2002-01-01

    丹霞地貌是一种具有很高景观美学价值和科学考察价值的风景名胜资源,湘南多有分布。徐霞客“楚游”时对其进行过考察,并在其《楚游日记》中进行了详尽记载和描述,乃至成为湘南人民今日进行丹霞风景名胜资源开发利用和保护的重要科学依据之一。

  9. Lead Time Study,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    AD-A128 318 LEAD TIME STUDY (U) ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CDMMAND DOVER NJ SYSTEMS ANALYSIS DIV dI-T~~ CHU MAY 82 ARRAA 82- 3/ /l N...EhhEEE--E 1111.0 U 1 - I 1120 1.25I1,,-. 11.6 MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TESI CHARI NATIONAL BUREAU 01 STANDARDt 19t,3 A co LEAD TIME STUDY c*A JULIE CHU MAY...188 D I.-f . . .... .. - r - .. " ’- -~ L - - _ _ __ ARRAA 82-3 LEAD TIME STUDY Prepared by:_ JL CHU Reviewed by:Li t’ ( LAWRENCE J. QWUNI Chief, Sys

  10. Temperature profile data from moored buoy in the Gulf of Alaska as part of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System project, from 1989-06-10 to 1989-10-25 (NODC Accession 9900193)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile data were collected using moored buoy in the Gulf of Alaska from June 10, 1989 to October 25, 1989. Data were submitted by Dr. Chirk Chu from the...

  11. Crystal Structure of AGR_C_4470p from Agrobacterium tumefaciens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vorobiev,S.; Neely, H.; Seetharaman, J.; Ma, L.; Xiao, R.; Acton, T.; Montelione, G.; Tong, L.

    2007-01-01

    We report here the crystal structure at 2.0 {angstrom} resolution of the AGR{_}C{_}4470p protein from the Gram-negative bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The protein is a tightly associated dimer, each subunit of which bears strong structural homology with the two domains of the heme utilization protein ChuS from Escherichia coli and HemS from Yersinia enterocolitica. Remarkably, the organization of the AGR{_}C{_}4470p dimer is the same as that of the two domains in ChuS and HemS, providing structural evidence that these two proteins evolved by gene duplication. However, the binding site for heme, while conserved in HemS and ChuS, is not conserved in AGR{_}C{_}4470p, suggesting that it probably has a different function. This is supported by the presence of two homologs of AGR{_}C{_}4470p in E. coli, in addition to the ChuS protein.

  12. Published papers about Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge used in traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Chu Kedan, Ji Guolu, Shi Hong, Xie Weirong, Zhang Yuqin, Zhang Xiaoqin. Study of the alcohol extraction process of Shenhu granules. Strait Pharmaceutical Journal, 2011, 23(03): 21-24. Email: chukd5917@ 163.com

  13. Field and laboratory investigations of budding in the tetillid sponge Cinachyrella cavernosa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Singh, A.; Thakur, N.L.

    of the nutritional condition in juveniles of Ruditapes decussatus. Scientia marina 59: 95-101. Chu JW & Leys SP. 2010. High resolution mapping of community structure in three glass sponge reefs (Porifera, Hexactinellida). Marine Ecology Progress Series 417: 97...

  14. Improving effective surgical delivery in humanitarian disasters: lessons from Haiti.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Chu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn Chu and colleagues describe the experiences of Médecins sans Frontières after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, and discuss how to improve delivery of surgery in humanitarian disasters.

  15. Data Analysis Details (DS): SE57_DS01 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available as analyzed using hierarchical clustering based on the Euclidean distance and vis...malized by z -score transformation using the software TM4 MEV (Chu et al. 2008). The resulting data matrix w

  16. 78 FR 1863 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... telephone at (202) 523-5843 or by email at OTI@fmc.gov . Best Global Logistics USA, Inc. dba Siam Intercargo..., Vice President (QI), Wing-Ham Chu, Director, Application Type: Delete Trade Name Siam...

  17. Time to Get Fit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China tries to boost citizen involvement in sports to become an international power in competitions Retired 56-year-old Beijing resident Chu Lirong stood outside the city’s National Stadium,the site of the Beijing Olympics

  18. An Inverse Model for Calculation of Global Volume Transport from Wind and Hydrographic Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Journal of Marine Systems 65 (2007) 376–399...equatorial regions especially near the equator, | f | is very small. The Ekman number is not a small 377P.C. Chu, C. Fan / Journal of Marine Systems 65 (2007...world oceans. 378 P.C. Chu, C. Fan / Journal of Marine Systems 65 (2007) 376–399 where (τx,τy) are the surface wind stress components. The

  19. Army Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Investment Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-30

    with a substantial force multiplier by enabling preconfigured loads to be positioned on demountable cargo beds (flat racks ) that allow for increased...International Organization for Standardization (ISO) containers without flat racks . • Modernize Container Handling Units (CHU) with new procurement...theater. The standard CHU utilized on the HEMTT does not have an on board stowage capability. As HEMTT M1120s are cycled through the Recap 20 The Army

  20. Developing Resource-Informed Strategic Assessments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    The continuity and evolution of such concerns are described elsewhere (Davis, 1994c; Chu and Berstein , 2003; Johnson, Libicki, and Treverton, 2003...the 1980s: The Regional Defense Strategy, Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense, 1993. Chu, David C., and Nurith Berstein , “Decisionmaking for...M. Matonick, D. Norton, David T. Orletsky, Harold Scott Perdue, Kevin L. Pollpeter, Bob Preston, Randall Steeb, Carl W. Stephens, F. S. Timson

  1. PHARAO: A Space Clock with Cold Cesium Atoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-01

    Fundamental Tests. [z] R. Vessot et al. 1980, Physical Review Letters , 45, 2081. IS] R. Vessot 1993, Proceedings of the 28th Moriond Conference. [4...World Scientific, Singapore), pp. 49-59. [6] M. Kasevich, E. Riis, S. Chu, and R. de Voe 1989, Physical Review Letters , 63, 612. 171 A. Clairon, C...Salomon, S. Guellati, and W. Phillips 1991, Europhysical Letters, 16, 165. [a] K Gibble, and S. Chu 1993, Physical Review Letters , 70, 177. [g] B

  2. An Epidemiologic Study of Genetic Variation in Hormonal Pathways in Relation to the Effect of Hormone Replacement Therapy on Breast Cancer Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    hormone therapy in breast cancer risk.” Kerryn W. Reding, Chu Chen, Christopher I. Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Jasmine Wilkerson, Frederico M...therapy in breast cancer risk.” Kerryn W. Reding, Chu Chen, Christopher I. Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Jasmine Wilkerson, Frederico M. Farin, Kenneth E...Chen, Christopher I. Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Jasmine Wilkerson, Frederico M. Farin, Kenneth E. Thummel, Janet R. Daling, and Kathleen E. Malone

  3. Mechanisms of sound seattering by biological targets and their aggregates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Gorska

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Natalia Gorska's thesis is based on a set of 9 papers published in scientific journals (Gorska & Klusek 1998, Gorska 2000, Gorska & Chu 2001a, b, Gorska & Ona 2003a, b and conference proceedings (Gorska & Klusek 1994, Gorska 1999, Gorska & Chu 2000, which broadly summarise her integrated research achievements in underwater acoustics from 1994 to 2003. She is the sole author of two of the articles (Gorska 1999, 2000, and is the first co-author, taking a leading part, in the others (Gorska & Klusek 1994, 1998, Gorska & Chu 2000, Gorska & Chu 200la, b, Gorska & Ona 2003a, b.     Her research objective was to work out the theoretical background to certain problems of sound scattering by biological targets - single individuals and aggregated layers of fish and zooplankton - in relation to environmental conditions in the sea. In the study she focused on acoustical extinction and backscattering, including the phenomenon of echo interference. In conjunction wit h the co-authors of papers Gorska & Ona 2003a, b, Gorska & Chu 2001a, b and Gorska & Chu 2000, she was able to apply and verify her theoretical results empirically.

  4. 唐代类书对陶渊明的认知与接受——以《艺文类聚》、《初学记》、《白氏六帖事类集》为例%The cognition and acceptance of Tao Yuanming in the encyclopedias of Tang Dynasty a case study of Yi Wen Lei Ju, Chu Xue Ji and Bai Shi Liu Tie Shi Lei Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建立

    2012-01-01

    Encyclopedias had an influence on ordinary people 's knowledge structure, cultural interest and the way of thinking of an era. Through the investigating of the compilation of Tao Yuanming's poetry in the three ency- clopedias of Tang Dynasty and the connection between Tao study and encyclopedias, we can learn the cognition and acceptance of Tao in Tang Dynasty. Tang's encyclopedias agreed with Zhong Rong, who thought that Tao is " the most hermit poet of all ages". The compilation of Tao Yuanmingg poetry had significance of selected text criticism and sentence criticism, which also provided the academic world with considerable knowledge and thought re- sources. By comparison, the editors of Tang Dynasty encyclopedias had deep insight, all--inclusive view and fair evaluation.%类书对一时代普通人的知识结构、文化趣味以及思维方式均有影响,所以通过唐代三部类书对陶渊明事典与诗文的辑录情况,考察类书与陶学的关系,能够从一个侧面反映唐代对陶渊明的认知与接受。唐代类书接受了钟嵘关于陶渊明是"古今隐逸诗人之宗"的论述;对陶渊明诗文的辑录方式,使其具有选本批评与摘句批评意义。唐代类书对陶渊明事典与诗文的辑录,为读书界提供了相当的知识与思想资源。从比较中可以看出,唐代类书的编者见识高,选录全面,评价公允。

  5. Research Quality and Newsworthiness of Published Articles are Partial Predictors of Journal Impact Factors. A Review of: Lokker, C., Haynes, R. B., Chu, R., McKibbon, K. A., Wilczynski, N. L., & Walter, S. D. (2012. How well are journal and clinical article characteristics associated with the journal impact factor?A retrospective cohort study. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(1, 28-33. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.100.1.006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Martin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – Determine what characteristics ofa journal’s published articles can be used topredict the journal impact factor (JIF.Design – A retrospective cohort study.Setting – The researchers are located atMcMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario,Canada.Subjects – The sample consisted of 1,267clinical research articles from 103 evidencebased and clinical journals which werepublished in 2005 and indexed in theMcMaster University Premium LiteratUreService (PLUS database and those samejournals’ JIF from 2007.Method – The articles were divided 60:40 intoa derivation set (760 articles and 99 journalsand a validation set (507 articles and 88journals. Ten variables which could influenceJIF were developed and a multiple linearregression was run on the derivation set andthen applied to the validation set.Main Results – The four variables found to besignificant were the number of databaseswhich indexed the journal, the number ofauthors, the quality of research, and the“newsworthiness” of the journal’s publishedarticles. Conclusion – The quality of research and newsworthiness at time of publication of a journal’s articles can predict the journal impact factor with 60% accuracy.

  6. Tata Cara Tradisi Sangjit Pada Suku Hokkian Di Kota Medan 程序传统彩礼上氏族福建在城里棉兰 (Chéngxù Chuántǒng Cǎilǐ Shàng Shìzú Fújiàn Zài Chéng Lǐ Mián Lán)

    OpenAIRE

    Kurniawan, Hendri

    2016-01-01

    The tittle of this thesis is “ Procedures of Sangjit Tradition for Hokkien in Medan”. The purpose is to explain the procedures of Sangjit. The writer choose Sangjit because Chinese Culture considered it as holy ceremony. The place of observations only in Medan. To describe the analysis, the writer used descriptive method. This theory used in the thesis is structural fungsional theory and ceremony theory. structural fungsional is used to analyse the function of Sangjit Tradition for Hokkien in...

  7. The potential of the Child Health Utility 9D Index as an outcome measure for child dental health

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D) is a relatively new generic child health-related quality of life measure (HRQoL)—designed to be completed by children—which enables the calculation of utility values. The aim is to investigate the use of the CHU9D Index as an outcome measure for child dental health in New Zealand. Method A survey was conducted of children aged between 6 and 9 years attending for routine dental examinations in community clinics in Dunedin (New Zealand) in 2012. The CHU9D, a HRQoL, was used, along with the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ), a validated oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measure. Socio-demographic characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity and household deprivation) were recorded. Dental therapists undertook routine clinical examinations, with charting recorded for each child for decayed, missing and filled deciduous teeth (dmft) at the d3 level. Results One hundred and forty 6-to-9-year-olds (50.7% female) took part in the study (93.3% participation rate). The mean d3mft was 2.4 (SD = 2.6; range 0 to 9). Both CHU9D and CPQ detected differences in the impact of dental caries, with scores in the expected direction: children who presented with caries had higher scores (indicating poorer OHRQoL) than those who were free of apparent caries. Children with no apparent caries had a higher mean CHU9D score than those with caries (indicating better HRQoL). The difference for the CPQ was statistically significant, but for CHU9D the difference was not significant. When the two indices were compared, there was a significant difference in mean CHU9D scores by the prevalence of CPQ and subscale impacts with children experiencing no impacts having mean CHU9D scores closer to 1.0 (representing perfect health). Conclusion The CHU9D may be useful in dental research. Further exploration in samples with different caries experience is required. The use of the CHU9D in child oral health studies will enable the calculation of

  8. Barrier effects on vertebrate distribution caused by a motorway crossing through fragmented forest landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tellería, J. L.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We analysed the effects of a 25–year–old motorway on the distribution of five vertebrates inhabiting a fragmented forest landscape and differing in their ability to move across linear infrastructures. We found clear evidence of barrier effects on the distribution of the forest lizard Psammodromus algirus. The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus was also unequally distributed on both sides of the motorway, but this could also be due, at least in part, to fragmentation. The eyed lizard (Timon lepidus, that can move through open fields, showed no evidence of barrier effects. The distribution of two small birds (Erithacus rubecula and Phylloscopus bonelli was unaffected by the motorway. Our results show that a motorway may severely restrict the distribution of species which can withstand high levels of forest fragmentation but show limited dispersal ability, highlighting the role of linear infrastructures in shaping species’ ranges at regional scales.

  9. Five cases of Kingella kingae skeletal infection in a French hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Scola, B; Iorgulescu, I; Bollini, G

    1998-07-01

    Five cases of Kingella kingae skeletal infections were diagnosed in children admitted to La Timone Hospital between 1992 and 1997. Patients were between 6 and 31 months old and presented with septic spondylodiskitis, calcaneus osteomyelitis, and hip-joint arthritis. All displayed either an upper respiratory tract infection or eczema during the month prior to their admission. Laboratory findings included an elevated leukocyte count and an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Standard radiography was unrevealing, but 99mTc bone scans and magnetic resonance imaging showed significant abnormalities. Isolation of Kingella kingae was achieved in all cases by culture of fluid aspirates using the Bactec blood culture system. This bacterium was sensitive to the most common antibiotics tested, and the outcome was favourable in all cases.

  10. Ponto provincial, contraponto provinciano: diálogos entre Tavares Bastos e João Francisco Lisboa sobre a administração pública no II Império

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza, Felipe de Azevedo e

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende traçar um diálogo entre dois ilustres autores brasileiros do XIX que tratam da questão provincial sob pontos de vista transversais, são eles: Tavares Bastos e João Francisco Lisboa. Serão analisadas essencialmente as obras A Província, de Bastos e o Jornal de Timon, de Lisboa. Ambas esboçam um retrato da dinâmica política no âmbito local, em que se destacam interpretações análogas sobre a amplitude do arranjo político-administrativo provincial, abarcadas por questões comuns, como as eleições, o funcionalismo público e a cultura política

  11. Identification of an Escherichia coli O 157:H7 Heme Oxygenase with Tandem Functional Repeats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suits,M.; Pal, G.; Nakatsu, A.; Matte, A.; Cygler, M.; Jia, Z.

    2005-01-01

    Heme oxygenases (HOs) catalyze the oxidation of heme to biliverdin, carbon monoxide (CO), and free iron. Iron acquisition is critical for invading microorganisms to enable survival and growth. Here we report the crystal structure of ChuS, which displays a previously uncharacterized fold and is unique compared with other characterized HOs. Despite only 19% sequence identity between the N- and C-terminal halves, these segments of ChuS represent a structural duplication, with a root-mean-square deviation of 2.1 {angstrom} between the two repeats. ChuS is capable of using ascorbic acid or cytochrome P450 reductase-NADPH as electron sources for heme oxygenation. CO detection confirmed that ChuS is a HO, and we have identified it in pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Based on sequence analysis, this HO is present in many bacteria, although not in the E. coli K-12 strain. The N- and C-terminal halves of ChuS are each a functional HO.

  12. A study of the Chinese organic-inorganic hybrid sealing material used in 'Huaguang No.1' ancient wooden ship

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fang, Shiqiang [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Zhang, Hui [Department of Cultural Heritage and Museology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028 (China); Zhang, Bingjian, E-mail: zhangbiji@zju.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Department of Cultural Heritage and Museology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028 (China); Wei, Guofeng [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Li, Guoqing [Museum of Overseas Communication History Quanzhou, Fujian 362000 (China); Zhou, Yang [China National Silk Museum, Hangzhou 310002 (China)

    2013-01-10

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The composition of ancient sealing material was analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The excellent performance of this sealing material comes from the compact structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This structure is established through coordination and oxidative polymerization. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conservation of ancient relies to a knowledge on their materials and crafts. - Abstracts: Chu-nam putty is a special organic-inorganic hybrid material invented by ancient Chinese people. It was prepared by mixing tung-oil, lime and oakum (plant fibers like jute, ramie and so on) with excellent sealing performance. The invention and application of Chu-nam putty in wooden ship lead to improvement in sailing technology and ship safety issue. In this paper, the analytical results of a piece of chu-nam putty which was discovered in 'Huaguang No.1' ancient ship are presented. The results show that the components of chu-nam putty are calcite, carboxylate and unsaturated esters by means of FT-IR, XRD and TGA/DSC. And the FT-IR and cross-section microscopic analysis confirm that the oakum was from jute. Comparing with the modeling putty samples it is found that the outstanding sealing performance of chu-nam putty comes from the coordination reaction of Ca{sup 2+} from the Ca(OH){sub 2} and the oxidation aggregation reaction of C=C double bonds in unsaturated fatty acid.

  13. Efficiently parallelized modeling of tightly focused, large bandwidth laser pulses

    CERN Document Server

    Dumont, Joey; Lefebvre, Catherine; Gagnon, Denis; MacLean, Steve

    2016-01-01

    The Stratton-Chu integral representation of electromagnetic fields is used to study the spatio-temporal properties of large bandwidth laser pulses focused by high numerical aperture mirrors. We review the formal aspects of the derivation of diffraction integrals from the Stratton-Chu representation and discuss the use of the Hadamard finite part in the derivation of the physical optics approximation. By analyzing the formulation we show that, for the specific case of a parabolic mirror, the integrands involved in the description of the reflected field near the focal spot do not possess the strong oscillations characteristic of diffraction integrals. Consequently, the integrals can be evaluated with simple and efficient quadrature methods rather than with specialized, more costly approaches. We report on the development of an efficiently parallelized algorithm that evaluates the Stratton-Chu diffraction integrals for incident fields of arbitrary temporal and spatial dependence. We use our method to show that t...

  14. Interest of corrective makeup in the management of patients in dermatology

    OpenAIRE

    Seité S; Deshayes P; Dréno B; Misery L; Reygagne P; Saiag P; Stengel F; Roguedas-Contios AM; Rougier A

    2012-01-01

    S Seité,1 P Deshayes,2 B Dréno,3 L Misery,4 P Reygagne,5 P Saiag,6 F Stengel,7 AM Roguedas-Contios,4 A Rougier11La Roche-Posay Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Asnières, France; 2Service de Dermatologie, Caen, France; 3Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France; 4CHU de Brest-Hôpital Morvan, Brest, France; 5Centre Sabouraud, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; 6CHU Ambroise Paré, Boulogne, France; 7Department of Dermatology, Buenos Aires, ...

  15. The Ancestors’ Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The Fairy Lady of Wushan Mountain Yao Ji, youngest daughter of Emperor Yandi, sent to thesouth of Wushan Mountain in the Three Gorges, was named theFairy Lady of Wushan Mountain. When King Chu Huaiwangwas on a tour to Gaotang. he dreamed of the fair lady. Later,when King Chu Xiangwang was on the same tour, he too mether in a dream. Yao Ji grew a majestic plant, plucked it andmade it an iris. It was said that if stewed and eaten, the one whoate may chance to meet their lover in their dreams.

  16. 论山字纹铜镜的年代与分期%On the Date and Periodization of "山"-shaped Design Bronze Mirrors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓秋玲

    2003-01-01

    The "山"-shaped design bronze mirror prevailed in the pre-Qin period and constituted the main type of bronze mirror in the Chu State. Its varieties can be dated by analyzing their examples unearthed in great numbers from Chu tombs in Hunan Changsha and its vicinity and by referring to archaeological data from other localities. As known so far, the use of such mirrors can be traced to the early Warring States period and lasted to the time from the late Warring States period to the early Han Dynasty. They underwent the beginning, developing, flourishing and declining stages.

  17. Main: 1F7S [RPSD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .M.Nodelman, U.Lindberg, N.H.Chua, C.E.Schutt G.D.Bowman, I.M.Nodelman, Y.Hong, N.H.Chu...a, U.Lindberg, C.E.Schutt A Comparative Structural Analysis Of The Adf/Cofilin Family Proteins: Struct

  18. The AscSimulationMode command

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, John Leif

    1998-01-01

    Complex instruments like the ASC may be quite difficult to test in closed loops. This problem is augmented by the fact, that no direct stimulation of the CHU is possible that will render the full performance, noise-spectrum and real-timeliness with high fidelity. In order to circumvent this impasse...

  19. Final Environmental Assessment For the Construction and Operation of a Fire Training Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    P~\\r < lo~"’’’- <"llJt"’-v"v’H •. A-+~.<- /.I.. I ~UM·hVC~ ~.._"’-’I chu~:..-.1 ,o 1. 5. i9. EfiN !~ONMENTALPt.ANNING FUNCTION CERTIFICATION ~a. SIGN

  20. Number of Physics Faculty in Two-Year Colleges: Results from the 2012 Survey of Physics in Two-Year Colleges. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan; Chu, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    In an earlier report, ("Physics Enrollments in Two-Year Colleges," ED547610), Susan White and Raymond Chu examined physics enrollments--both the number of students and the types of classes taught--at the 1,063 two-year college campuses in the US where they believe physics is offered. This "Focus On" considers the faculty…

  1. Acoustic Radiation and Diffraction from Convex and Concave Domes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-21

    U. Ingard , Theoretical Acoustics, pp. 332-356, McGraw-Hill, New York (1968). [4] J. A. Stratton, P. M. Morse,-L. J. Chu, J. D. C. Little, and F. J...Springer-Verlag, New York (1971). [34] P. M. Morse and K. U. Ingard , Theoretical Acoustics, pp. 352-353, McGraw-Hill, New York (1968). [35] I. S

  2. About Animal Husbandry and Feed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Animal Husbandry and Feed Science is published to introduce the research achievements of animal husbandry and veterinary workers to the world,enhance their chances to participate in international academic exchange,and promote development of animal husbandry and veterinary.In 2009,Wu Chu(USA-China)Science&Culture Media Co.

  3. Meteorological and Environmental Research Welcomes Your Papers!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Meteorological and Environmental Research (ISSN 2152-3940) is a comprehensive meteorological and environmental scientific journal founded by Wu Chu (USA-China) Science & Culture Media Co. in January, 2010, in Rhode Island, USA. The journal covers main research and application areas of meteorology and environment, such as

  4. Hospital-Acquired Phaeohyphomycosis Due to Exserohilum rostratum in a Child with Leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maude Saint-Jean

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study describes a case of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exserohilum rostratum in a child undergoing treatment for leukemia. The infection was possibly due to contaminated intravenous dressings and was successfully treated with surgical excision combined with liposomal amphotericin B. Consequently, new infection control policies have been implemented at CHU Sainte-Justine (Montreal, Quebec.

  5. Bijective Proofs of Gould's and Rothe's Identities

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Victor J W

    2010-01-01

    We first give a bijective proof of Gould's identity in the model of binary words. Then we deduce Rothe's identity from Gould's identity again by a bijection, which also leads to a double-sum extension of the $q$-Chu-Vandermonde formula.

  6. Computer Games Functioning as Motivation Stimulants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin; Tsai, Tony Kung Wan; Chien, Paul Shih Chieh

    2011-01-01

    Numerous scholars have recommended computer games can function as influential motivation stimulants of English learning, showing benefits as learning tools (Clarke and Dede, 2007; Dede, 2009; Klopfer and Squire, 2009; Liu and Chu, 2010; Mitchell, Dede & Dunleavy, 2009). This study aimed to further test and verify the above suggestion,…

  7. HLB/ACP Resistance or Tolerance in Non-transgenic Citrus Scion Varieties: Potential Commercial Significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncirus trifoliata hybrids grown in the USHRL variety block on Sun Chu Sha (a unifoliate mandarin rootstock similar to Cleopatra) were tested for CLas 16S rDNA and Citrus dehydrin (as an internal standard to permit expression of data in CLas genomes/citrus genomes) by qPCR, assessing random quadran...

  8. Minimum Q Electrically Small Spherical Magnetic Dipole Antenna - Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2009-01-01

    Practical aspects of applying a magnetic core to approach the Chu lower bound for the radiation Q factor of an electrically small magnetic dipole antenna are considered. It is shown that although a magnetic core does reduce the Q factor, its effect is not as strong as predicted by Wheeler...

  9. Cardiovascular System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008515 Clinical effect of coronary artery stenting on 12 patients with coronary artery stenosis and spasm.CHU Guang(储光),et al.Dept Cardiol,Shanghai Jiaotong Univ,1st People’s,Shanghai 20008. Chin Cir J 2008;23(5):347-349. Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of stenting on drug refractory variant angina

  10. Growth and biochemical composition of Chlorella vulgaris in different growth media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MATHIAS A. CHIA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The need for clean and low-cost algae production demands for investigations on algal physiological response under different growth conditions. In this research, we investigated the growth, biomass production and biochemical composition of Chlorella vulgaris using semi-continuous cultures employing three growth media (LC Oligo, Chu 10 and WC media. The highest cell density was obtained in LC Oligo, while the lowest in Chu medium. Chlorophyll a, carbohydrate and protein concentrations and yield were highest in Chu and LC Oligo media. Lipid class analysis showed that hydrocarbons (HC, sterol esthers (SE, free fatty acids (FFA, aliphatic alcohols (ALC, acetone mobile polar lipids (AMPL and phospholipids (PL concentrations and yields were highest in the Chu medium. Triglyceride (TAG and sterol (ST concentrations were highest in the LC Oligo medium. The results suggested that for cost effective cultivation, LC Oligo medium is the best choice among those studied, as it saved the cost of buying vitamins and EDTA associated with the other growth media, while at the same time resulted in the best growth performance and biomass production.

  11. Strategic Challenges for Counterinsurgency and the Global War on Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    worldbank.org/external/CPProfile.asp ?SelectedCountry=CHN&CCODE=CHN&CNA ME=China& PTYPE =CP;Internet, accessed November 20, 2004. 3. Energy Information...Review of World Energy." 11. Chu-Yuan Cheng, Behind the Tiananmen Massacre: Social Political, and Economic Ferment in China, Boulder, CO, 1990, p. 13

  12. Decreasing the radiation quality factor of magnetic dipole antennas by a magnetic-coated metal core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2010-01-01

    To achieve the Chu lower bound for the radiation Q, an electrically small magnetic dipole antenna should not store any magnetic energy internally to the minimum sphere enclosing the antenna. As shown in our previous works, the internal stored magnetic energy can be reduced, although not entirely...

  13. Lower Bound for the Radiation $Q$ of Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Solid Magnetodielectric Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    A new lower bound for the radiation $Q$ of electrically small spherical magnetic dipole antennas with solid magnetodielectric core is derived in closed form using the exact theory. The new bound approaches the Chu lower bound from above as the antenna electrical size decreases. For $ka, the new...

  14. Theory of the Tetragonal-to-Orthorhombic Structural Phase Transition in La2CuO4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-11-01

    J. G. Bednorz and K. A. Muller, Z. Phys. B j4, 189 (1986). 2. C. W. Chu, P. H. Hor, R. L. Meng, L. Gao, Z. J. Huang and Y. Q. Wang , Phys. Rev. Lett...Chemistry University of2 chester Pennsylvania State University Roches ew York 14627 University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 r. G. Rubloff Dr. Roald

  15. Opportunities in Air Force Research and Development: Three Regional Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-08-01

    Denmark, SC 29042 Dr. Kwo-Sun Chu Dr. Benjamin Duhart Dr. J. Allen Wheat Dept. of Physics Dept. of Chemistry Dept. of Chemistry Talladega College Univ...Univ. Arkansas-Pine Bluff Barber-Scotia College Dr. Benjamin Duhart Dr. Willie Funderburke Univ. Arkansas-Pine Bluff Barber-Scotia College Dr. George

  16. Multilayer Aluminum Oxynitride Capacitors for Higher Energy Density, Wide Temperature Applications (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev., 50, 1214-1219 (2003). 17 W.S. Lau, M.T.C. Perera, P. Babu, A.K. Ow, T. Han, N.P. Sandler, C.H. Tung, T.T. Sheng, P.K. Chu, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics , Part 2, 37, L435 (1998).

  17. Drug interactions between inhaled corticosteroids and enzymatic inhibitors

    OpenAIRE

    Daveluy, Amélie; Raignoux, Cécile; Miremont-Salamé, Ghada; Girodet, Pierre-Olivier; Moore, Nicholas; Haramburu, Françoise; Molimard, Mathieu

    2009-01-01

    Drug interactions between inhaled corticosteroids and enzymatic inhibitors phone: +33-557-571561 (Daveluy, Amelie) (Daveluy, Amelie) Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Pellegrin - 33076 - Bordeaux Cedex - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Unite 657, INSERM - Bordeaux - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Departement de Pharmacologie, CHU de Bordeaux - Bordeaux - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Pellegrin - 33076...

  18. On Non-Linear Sensitivity of Marine Biological Models to Parameter Variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    M.B., 2002. Understanding uncertain enviromental systems. In: Grasman, J., van Straten, G. (Eds.), Predictability and Nonlinear Modelling in Natural...Sciences and Economics . Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 294–311. Chu, P.C., Ivanov, L.M., Fan, C.W., 2002a. Backward Fokker-Planck equation for determining

  19. Learn Unity 4 for iOS game development

    CERN Document Server

    Chu, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The only book on Unity 4 game development The only up-to-date book on Unity for iOS Philip Chu is the author of a very popular online Unity tutorial, frequently recommended on sites like StackOverflow

  20. Learning across Borders--Chinese Migrant Literature and Intercultural Chinese Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongyang

    2014-01-01

    Chinese migrants have been a rich source of influential international literature, represented by key works such as "Eat a Bowl of Tea" by Louis Chu in 1961 and "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan in 1989. Cultural differences and conflicts, stereotypes and other complex issues regarding the diasporic lives of the Chinese sojourners…

  1. Genome-wide Search of Oncogenic Pathways Cooperating with ETS Fusions in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    of full Pten loss. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that ERG and ETV1 control a common transcriptional network but largely in an opposing fashion. In...sequence tag analysis of genomic enrichment. Nat Methods 2: 47–53. Kim J, Chu J, Shen X, Wang J, Orkin SH. 2008. An extended transcriptional network for

  2. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  3. Symposium at CERN in honour of Maurice Jacob on 27th March 1998

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    1998-01-01

    The Jacobfest at CERN was prefaced by a talk by Maurice Jacob's longtime colleague Claude Cohen-Tannoudji of the College de France and Ecole Normale Superieure, who shared the 1997 Nobel Prize with Steven Chu of Stanford and William D. Phillips, of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology, for their development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.

  4. Uneven Playing Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Potential U.S. imposed carbon tariffs raise concerns about a new form of trade protectionism During their high-profile visits to China, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Commerce Secretary Gary Locke tried to convince China that the United States was not turning the fight against climate change into a tool for protectionists by imposing carbon tariffs on

  5. 75 FR 28853 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... CHEN MICHAEL JEN-KWEI CHENG KENNY CHEONG JUNE CHENG CHIN WILLIAM KUO FENG CHOA JAMES MICHAEL CHU-YIP... D FANG CHARLES FAYE-SCHJOLL LISE KAREN FERREIRA DELFINO COVINHA FISCHER HIRS CHRISTOPH THOMAS FISHER... THIRUMALESHWARA.... HAUSSMANN WILLIAM FREDERICK HAYASHI PAUL M. HECKNER MICHAEL JOHANNES HELLMAN LISA JANE...

  6. Accuracy vs. Robustness: Bi-criteria Optimized Ensemble of Metamodels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    McCain Hall Tempe, AZ 85281, USA Starkville, MS 39762, USA Jeffery D. Weir Xianghua Chu Department of Operational Sciences Shenzhen ...stochastic environment will be considered instead, e.g., stochastic Kriging. What’s more, relationship between the problem properties and metamodeling

  7. Growth on the Reconstructed Diamond (100) Surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-10-01

    Journal of Applied Physics (submitted). [9...Gavillet, Journal of Applied Physics 68, 6393 (1990). [13] C. J. Chu, M. P. D’Evelyn, R. H. Hauge, and J. L. Margrave, Journal of Applied Physics 70...Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 29, 1552 (1990). [16] S. J. Harris, A. M. Weiner, and T. A. Perry, Journal of Applied Physics 70, 1385 (1991).

  8. Disease: H00509 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available de AL, Guimiot F, Baumann C, Malan V, Le Merrer M, Da Silva DB, Bonneau D, Chatelain P, Chu C, Clark R, Cox H, Edery P, Edouard...ract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 25:143-51 (2011) PMID:19877176 (gene, description) Huber C, Fradin M, Edouard

  9. Abstracts of Main Essays

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Why Marx Stay at the Radical Democracy:Reproducing Marx's Political Philosophy during German-French Yearbook Times;The Researches and their Methodologies of the Contemporary Oversea Study of Chu Hsi;The Qi Theory of Hengxian:A New Dynamic Pattern of How Things Generate;The Theory of Tragic Katharsis:Its Source and Reflection;

  10. Strength Exercise Improves Muscle Mass and Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Youth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Der Heijden, Gert-Jan; Wang, Zhiyue J.; Chu, Zili; Toffolo, Gianna; Manesso, Erica; Sauer, Pieter J. J.; Sunehag, Agneta L.

    2010-01-01

    VAN DER HEIJDEN, G.-J., Z. J. WANG, Z. CHU, G. TOFFOLO, E. MANESSO, P. J. J. SAUER, and A. L. SUNEHAG. Strength Exercise Improves Muscle Mass and Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Youth. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 42, No. 11, pp. 1973-1980, 2010. Introduction: Data on the metabolic effects of

  11. 60株大肠杆菌的分-离与致病性鉴定%Isolation and Identification of 60 Pathogenic Escherichia coli Strains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宗梅; 陈红英; 崔沛; 韩玉林; 李新生

    2011-01-01

    大肠杆菌(Escherichia coli,E coli)是鸡肠道常在菌,部分菌株具有致病性.鸡大肠杆菌病就是由大肠杆菌中的某些致病性菌株引起的鸡感染性疾病.致病性大肠杆菌均携带毒力岛基因ChuA.为鉴定分离自临床病例的鸡大肠杆菌的致病性,本试验采用PCR法检测ChuA基因进行分子生物学鉴定,60株大肠杆菌中有31株属于致病性大肠杆菌,总阳性率为51.67%.%Escherichia coli (E. coli) is often in chieken intestinal. Only some strains are pathogenic for chicken. Chicken Escherichia coli disease is caused by these pathogenic E. coli strains,and they have pathogenicity island genes ChuA. In order to identify 60 E. coli strains isolated from diseased chicken,ChuA gene was tested by PCR. 31 E. coli strains are pathogenic.The total positive rate is 5l. 67%.

  12. Coastal Atmospheric-Oceanic Coupled System (CAOCS) for the South China Sea (SCS)-A Modeling Component of the International South China Sea Monsoon Experiment (SCSMEX)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    determining the open boundary conditions of coastal models. (8) We validated the P-vector inverse method using MOM model and observational data. (9...Chu, “Oceanic responses to gradual transitions of equator-to- pole temperature gradients,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 124

  13. Green Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    With the deterioration of global warming and the greenhouse effect, clean energy is the priority on the agenda of countries all over the world. This was highlighted when U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke and Energy Secretary Steven Chu visited their Chinese counterparts on July 14-17.

  14. Laserkülmutus tõi Nobeli preemia / Henn Käämbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käämbre, Henn, 1935-

    1999-01-01

    Ettekanne 28. Eesti füüsikapäevadel : Tartu, jaanuar 1998. 1997. aasta Nobeli füüsikapreemia said ühiselt Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji ja William D. Phillips aatomite laserivalgusega jahutamise ja püünistamise meetodite arendamise eest

  15. Was Pythagoras Chinese? An Examination of Right Triangle Theory in Ancient China. The Pennsylvania State University Studies No. 40.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swetz, Frank J.; Kao, T. I.

    This book is primarily a scholarly monograph on ancient Chinese theory and application concerning the right triangle, based on evidence contained in classical mathematics texts and scrolls. It is also the first complete English translation of the ninth chapter of the Chiu chang suan chu, the richest source of problems from antiquity dealing with…

  16. Meteorological and Environmental Research Welcomes Your Papers!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Meteorological and Environmental Research (ISSN 2152-3940) is a comprehensive meteorological and environmental scientific journal founded by Wu Chu (USA-China) Science Culture Media Co. in January, 2010, in Rhode Island, USA. The journal covers main research and application areas of meteorology and environment, such as

  17. Written Treasures of the Mawangdui Han Tomb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    BEFORE paper-makingwas invented in China,bamboo or wooden slipsand silk were used for writtenmaterials.The following an-cient writings were all doneon bamboo slips:documentsunearthed in the Chu tombs inBaoshan in Hubei Province;Artof War by Sunzi,a famousChinese classic about militarystrategy and tactics,unearthedin the Han tombs in Yinques-

  18. Eastern Mediterranean Sea Spatial and Temporal Variability of Thermohaline Structure and Circulation Identified from Observational (T, S) Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    SCIENCE IN METEOROLOGY AND PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL December 2015 Approved by: Peter C. Chu Thesis... Physical Oceanography of the Eastern Mediterranean RG Rhodes Gyre SMA Shikmona Anticyclone SSS Sea Surface Salinity xvi SST Sea Surface...Europe, low pressure system over Turkey, and evolution of the south Asian warmth over the Anatolian plateau causes the occurrence of the Etesian

  19. Simulation study of the effect of wall roughness on the dynamics of granular flows in rotating semicylindrical chutes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shirsath, Sushil S.; Padding, Johan T.; Kuipers, J.A.M. (Hans); Clercx, Herman J.H.

    2015-01-01

    A discrete element model (DEM) is used to investigate the behavior of spherical particles flowing down a semicylindrical rotating chute. The DEM simulations are validated by comparing with particle tracking velocimetry results of spherical glass particles flowing through a smooth semicylindrical chu

  20. Non-editorial Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehouse, John

    1974-01-01

    In his position as retiring chief of the Workers' Education Branch of the International Labour Office (ILO), Paul B. J. Chu is interviewed on worker education, the ILO organization and tole, personal disappointments and satisfactions, future educational developments in which the ILO will be involved, and problems facing workers' education. (AG)

  1. Measuring and valuing health-related quality of life among children and adolescents in mainland China--a pilot study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Xu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D, a new generic preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL instrument, has been validated for use in young people in both the UK and Australia. The main objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility of using a Chinese version of the CHU9D (CHU9D-CHN to assess HRQoL and to investigate the association of physical activity, homework hours and sleep duration with HRQoL in children and adolescents in Mainland China. METHODS: Data were collected using a multi-stage sampling method from grades 4-12 students in May 2013 in Nanjing, China. Consenting participants (N = 815 completed a self-administered questionnaire including the CHU9D-CHN instrument and information on physical activity, homework and sleep duration, self-reported health status, and socio-demographic characteristics. Descriptive and multivariate linear regression analyses were undertaken. CHU9D-CHN utility scores were generated by employing two scoring algorithms currently available for the instrument, the first derived from UK adults utilising the standard gamble (SG valuation method and the second derived from Australian adolescents utilising the best-worst scaling (BWS method. RESULTS: It was found that CHU9D utility scores discriminated well in relation to self-reported health status and that better health status was significantly associated with higher utility scores regardless of which scoring algorithm was employed (both p<0.001. The adjusted mean utilities were significantly higher for physically active than inactive students (0.023 by SG, 0.029 by BWS scoring methods, p<0.05. An additional hour of doing homework and sleep duration were, separately, associated with mean utilities of -0.019 and 0.032 based on SG, and -0.021 and 0.040 according to BWS scoring algorithms (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: The CHU9D-CHN shows promise for measuring and valuing the HRQoL of children and adolescents in China. Levels of self

  2. Assessing the reliability of thermography to infer internal body temperatures of lizards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barroso, Frederico M; Carretero, Miguel A; Silva, Francisco; Sannolo, Marco

    2016-12-01

    For many years lizard thermal ecology studies have relied on the use of contact thermometry to obtain internal body temperature (Tb) of the animals. However, with progressing technology, an interest grew in using new, less invasive methods, such as InfraRed (IR) pyrometry and thermography, to infer Tb of reptiles. Nonetheless few studies have tested the reliability of these new tools. The present study tested the use of IR cameras as a non-invasive tool to infer Tb of lizards, using three differently body-sized lacertid species (Podarcis virescens, Lacerta schreiberi and Timon lepidus). Given the occurrence of regional heterothermy, we pairwise compared thermography readings of six body parts (snout, eye, head, dorsal, hind limb, tail base) to cloacal temperature (measured by a thermometer-associated thermocouple probe) commonly employed to measure Tb in field and lab studies. The results showed moderate to strong correlations (R(2)=0.84-0.99) between all body parts and cloacal temperature. However, despite the readings on the tail base showed the strongest correlation in all three species, it was the eye where the absolute values and pattern of temperature change most consistently followed the cloacal measurements. Hence, we concluded that the eye would be the body location whose IR camera readings more closely approximate that of the animal's internal environment. Alternatively, other body parts can be used, provided that a careful calibration is carried out. We provide guidelines for future research using thermography to infer Tb of lizards.

  3. Understanding lizard's microhabitat use based on a mechanistic model of behavioral thermoregulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fei, Teng; Venus, Valentijn; Toxopeus, Bert; Skidmore, Andrew K.; Schlerf, Martin; Liu, Yaolin; van Overdijk, Sjef; Bian, Meng

    2008-12-01

    Lizards are an "excellent group of organisms" to examine the habitat and microhabitat use mainly because their ecology and physiology is well studied. Due to their behavioral body temperature regulation, the thermal environment is especially linked with their habitat use. In this study, for mapping and understanding lizard's distribution at microhabitat scale, an individual of Timon Lepidus was kept and monitored in a terrarium (245×120×115cm) in which sand, rocks, burrows, hatching chambers, UV-lamps, fog generators and heating devices were placed to simulate its natural habitat. Optical cameras, thermal cameras and other data loggers were fixed and recording the lizard's body temperature, ground surface temperature, air temperature, radiation and other important environmental parameters. By analysis the data collected, we propose a Cellular Automata (CA) model by which the movement of lizards is simulated and translated into their distribution. This paper explores the capabilities of applying GIS techniques to thermoregulatory activity studies in a microhabitat-scale. We conclude that microhabitat use of lizards can be explained in some degree by the rule based CA model.

  4. Le CERN à la Fête de la science - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Du 9 au 15 octobre prochain, la 15e édition de la Fête de la science se déroulera partout en France. Le CERN participe à la manifestation en proposant des activités dans le Globe de la Science et de l'Innovation ainsi que des visites. Exposition: A des années-lumière L'exposition dans le Globe ouvrira exceptionnellement du 9 au 15 octobre, de 9h à 18h. Animations - Mini-Einstein: des notions de physique expliquées aux tout-petits, de 4 à 6 ans.Mercredi 11 et samedi 14 octobre, de 14h30 à 15h30. Pour les enfants accompagnés. Réservation obligatoire au + 41 22 767 76 76 Poussière d'étoiles: observez des traces de rayons cosmiques grâce à une chambre à brouillard et apprenez les bases de la détection de particules. Mercredi 11 octobre de 14 à 17h et samedi 14 octobre de 9h à 17h. Rencontre Paul Lecoq, physicien au CERN et Olivier Mundler, Professeur à l'Hôpital de la Timone (Marseille) évoqueront les retombées de la physique des particules dans le domaine de la médecine et dialogue...

  5. Surto de salmonelose pelo sorovar Dublin em bezerros no Maranhão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana L.A. Marques

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Um surto de salmonelose em bezerros causado pela Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica sorovar Dublin é relatado em uma fazenda no município de Timon, Maranhão. De um total de 62 bezerros, 22 (35,5% adoeceram e destes nove (40,9% morreram. Os sinais clínicos incluíram febre, depressão, anorexia e, em alguns casos, sinais respiratórios, neurológicos, entéricos ou artrites, com curso clínico hiperagudo ou subagudo. As principais lesões macroscópicas foram hepatomegalia com áreas pálidas multifocais a coalescentes, esplenomegalia e líquido nas cavidades torácica e abdominal. Histologicamente foram observados granulomas paratifoides no fígado, rim e baço, além de trombos e agregados bacterianos em vasos sanguíneos de diversos órgãos. O surto foi controlado com a adoção de antibioticoterapia adequada aliada a correção de algumas medidas sanitárias na propriedade.

  6. Events at the Globe of Science and Innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN is organising a series of lectures based on the exhibition 'A des années-lumière' Thursday 12 October, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - From physics to medical imaging Paul Lecoq, a CERN physicist, and Professor Olivier Mundler from the Timone Hospital (Marseille) The technologies developed at CERN are widely used in fields other than particle physics. Medicine, and medical imaging in particular, has directly benefited from the work done on particle detectors. Come and meet a doctor and a physicist and learn about one of the practical applications of fundamental research. This lecture is part of the 'Fête de la Science' programme Lectures for the general public By reservation only: +41 (0)22 767 76 76 Information on future meetings : Thursday 2 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - Does time exist? Etienne Klein, Director of the CEA's materials science research laboratory Thursday 16 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - Antimatter in the Milky Way Jacques Paul, scientific advisor to the European Space...

  7. Events at the Globe

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN is organising a series of lectures based on the exhibition 'A des années-lumière' Thursday 12 October, 8.00 p.m. (in French) From physics to medical imaging Paul Lecoq, a CERN physicist, and Professor Olivier Mundler from the Timone Hospital (Marseille) The technologies developed at CERN are widely used in fields other than particle physics. Medicine, and medical imaging in particular, has directly benefited from the work done on particle detectors. Come and meet a doctor and a physicist and learn about one of the practical applications of fundamental research. This lecture is part of the 'Fête de la Science' programme. Lectures for the general public. By reservation only: +41 (0)22 767 76 76 Information on future meetings: Thursday 2 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French): Does time exist? Etienne Klein, Director of the CEA's Materials Science Research Laboratory Thursday 16 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French): Antimatter in the Milky Way Jacques Paul, scientific advisor to the European Spac...

  8. Comparison of intuitive versus systematic strategies for aetiological diagnosis of pericardial effusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Pierre-Yves; Moatti, Jean-Paul; Gauduchon, Valerie; Vandenesch, Francois; Habib, Gilbert; Raoult, Didier

    2005-01-01

    In an attempt to elucidate better the various aetiologies of pericardial effusion, we developed a diagnostic protocol that incorporated a battery of systematic tests including blood cultures, throat swab cultures and serological tests for various infectious agents and estimation of serum antinuclear antibodies and serum thyroid-stimulating hormone. Over a 2-y period ending May 2000, we evaluated prospectively and diagnostic usefulness of our strategy in a cohort (n = 136) of patients with pericardial effusion treated at Hospital Timone (HT), Marseille. We compared our findings with those observed in a retrospectively (May 1998-May 2000) drawn cohort (n = 127) of patients treated at Hospital Louis Pradel (HLP), Lyon and in which the laboratory investigation towards establishing an aetiological diagnosis was undertaken intuitively. Overall, the aetiologies were obvious clinically in 18% of cases. In other cases, specific aetiologies (27.3% vs 3.9%; p < 0.001), including treatable conditions (11.1% vs 2.4%; p < 0.001) were identified significantly more frequently in the HT cohort compared to the HLP cohort. The diagnosis strategy we propose may be helpful in elucidating the aetiological diagnosis of pericardial effusion when a cause is not obvious clinically.

  9. Microplastics in Singapore's coastal mangrove ecosystems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nor, Nur Hazimah Mohamed; Obbard, Jeffrey Philip

    2014-02-15

    The prevalence of microplastics was studied in seven intertidal mangroves habitats of Singapore. Microplastics were extracted from mangrove sediments via a floatation method, and then counted and categorized according to particle shape and size. Representative microplastics from Berlayar Creek, Sungei Buloh, Pasir Ris and Lim Chu Kang were isolated for polymer identification using Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. Microplastics were identified in all seven habitats, with the highest concentration found in sediments at Lim Chu Kang in the northwest of Singapore. The majority of microplastics were fibrous and smaller than 20 μm. A total of four polymer types were identified, including polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon and polyvinyl chloride. The relationship between abundance of microplastics and sediment grain size was also investigated, but no relationship was apparent. The presence of microplastics is likely due to the degradation of marine plastic debris accumulating in the mangroves.

  10. An exphmation on the group of bronzes “qiu Qinrong”%救秦戎铜器群的解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董珊

    2012-01-01

    This paper re-examines the group of bronzes "Jiu Qinrong" (Assemble the clan Qinrong),which appeared in 2007. The group of bronzes could be divided into four sets. All the sets belong to the period of Chu Zhaowang (King Zhao of Chu State). The owner of the third set, referred as Yinxiu, is Chu Zhaowang. The owner of the first and second set, referred as Jingzhifa, is Prince Qi (Zilv), the elder brother ofChu Zhaowang. Prince Qi won the battle against Jin state, to seize the clan Man. The historical document Chunqiu (Spring and Autumn), Fourth year of Duke LuAigong, records this event and the inscription on the bronze corresponds to the history. Moreover, two other unearth bronzes with inscription record the same event: The Jiu Qinrong bell unearthed from Jijiahu Chu City site in Dangyang City of Hubei Province and The Jingli bell from Changtaiguan Chu tomb in Xinyang City of Henan Province. The Jiu Qinrong bell refers the Chu Zhaowang as Qinwang (King Qin). The reason of Jingli bell found in Xinyang is that this city was Country Shen of Chu State in the late Spring and Autumn period and the Shengong Shouyu, (Duke Shen) also participated in the battle against Jin State. In addition, this paper discusses the relationship between Jiu Qinrong bronzes and the Chapter Xinian (chronicle) of the Tsinghua Bamboo Strip Manuscripts recently published.%本文重新研究2007年出现的“救秦戎”楚铜器群。器物可分为四组,都属于楚昭王世。第三组的器主楚王含您即楚昭王:第一、二两组的器主竞之金即楚昭王之兄公子启(字子阊),他参加了楚与晋争夺蛮氏之戎的战役而获胜,兄《春秋》哀公四年《经》、《传》记载,铭文所记即此事。此事又见于湖北当阳季家湖楚城遗址出土的“救秦戎”钟铭和河南信阳长台关楚墓出土的荆历钟铭,救秦戎钟铭文称楚昭王为“秦王”,信阳长台关之所以出土荆历钟,是因为信阳是春秋晚期的

  11. An Interpretation of the Females in Patriarchal Society in Eat A Bow of Tea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yuan-qing

    2016-01-01

    Louis Chu is a pioneer of the Asian American literature whose only novel , Eat A Bowl of Tea has taken an important position in and has even been reagrded as a literary landmark both in Chinese and in American literature. This paper aims to ex-plore the fate of two female characters Lau Shee and Mei Oi in the patriarchal society and Louis Chu's ambivalence towards pa-triarchy reflected from his characterization of the female characters. The obedient Lau Shee embodies the patriarchal virtuous women. Mei Oi stands for the new-type women's immature rebellion against the patriarchal authority. They two are the represen-tatives of the true Chinese women in the 1940s.

  12. 江苏扬州市西湖镇果园战国墓的清理%Excavation of Tombs of the Warring States Period at Guoyuan of Xihu Town in Yangzhou City, Jiangsu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扬州博物馆

    2002-01-01

    These tombs are the first burials with rich grave goods and intact tomb-structure that archaeologists have excavated in the Yangzhou area up to the present.The objects unearthed from the two tombs include ritual bronzes in imitation of pottery.The ding tripod,dou stemmed vessel,box and pot combination among them,the structure of the outer and inner coffins and the shape of some articles share the same style with their counterparts from Chu tombs of the late Warring States period in several areas of Hunan and Hubei.This indicates that the Guoyuan tombs are Chu graves of the late Warring States period and that the tomb-owners were officials of the “shi 士” rank.The unearthed cultural relics made up the lack of material data about the then history of the Yangzhou area.

  13. Redshift controversy in atom interferometry: representation dependence of the origin of phase shift.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schleich, Wolfgang P; Greenberger, Daniel M; Rasel, Ernst M

    2013-01-04

    Motivated by the recent debate on whether the Kasevich-Chu atom interferometer can measure the gravitational redshift, we show that in different representations of quantum mechanics chosen for the calculation, the observed phase shift appears as though it originates from different physical phenomena. In particular, we demonstrate that the decomposition of the total phase shift into three dynamical phases, which emerges in a semiclassical approach and is at the very heart of the redshift controversy, does not appear in an exact treatment based on a representation-free analysis. Here only two phenomena determine the phase shift: the difference of the laser phases and the acceleration of the atom. Hence, the Kasevich-Chu interferometer is an accelerometer or gravimeter.

  14. Main: 3NUL [RPSD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available stensen, R.Shigeta, D.Huddler, L.Shalaby, U.Lindberg, N.H.Chua, C.E.Schutt The Crystal Structure Of A Major ... I; Chain: Null; Engineered: Selenomethionyl Protein Actin-Binding Protein K.Thorn, H.E.M.Christensen, R.Shigeta, D.Huddler, N.-H.Chu...a, L.Shalaby, U.Lindberg, C.E.Schutt K.S.Thorn, H.E.Chri

  15. First record of the genus Zaglyptus Förster (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae) from Vietnam, with description of one new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Nhi Thi; Broad, Gavin R; Wägele, Wolfgang J

    2013-01-01

    The ichneumonid wasp genus Zaglyptus Förster, 1868 is reported for the first time from Vietnam, with three species found in the country. One new species, Zaglyptus guptai sp. nov., is described based on material collected in Chu Yang Sin NP, Dak Lak Province. Two other species, Z. glaber Gupta and Z. nigrolineatus, Gupta are recorded as new for the country. In addition, the subspecies Z glaber singaporensis Gupta is synonymised with the nominate subspecies.

  16. Calculating mass transfer from vertical wet fabrics using a free convection heat transfer correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tafreshi, H. Vahedi; Ercan, E.; Pourdeyhimi, B. [North Carolina State University, Nonwovens Cooperative Research Center, Raleigh, NC (United States)

    2006-07-15

    In this note, the evaporation rate from a vertical wet fabric sheet is calculated using a free convection heat transfer correlation. Chilton-Colburn analogy is used to derive a mass transfer correlation from a heat transfer correlation proposed by Churchill and Chu for free convection from a vertical isothermal plate. The mass transfer rate obtained from this expression has shown excellent agreement with experimental data. (orig.)

  17. Geriatric slim implants for complete denture wearers: clinical aspects and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Huard C; Bessadet M; Nicolas E; Veyrune JL

    2013-01-01

    Cedric Huard,2 Marion Bessadet,1,2 Emmanuel Nicolas,1,2 Jean-Luc Veyrune,1,21Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Centre de Recherche en Odontologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Service d'Odontologie, Clermont-Ferrand, FranceBackground: Advances made in prevention have helped postpone complete edentulism in older patients. However, in the elderly, the physiological state reduces patients' ability to adapt to or...

  18. Fifty-six Cases of Stubborn Eczema Treated by Oral Administration and Topical Application of Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗维丹; 邬成霖

    2001-01-01

    @@ Eczema is a kind of very common dermatopathy. The cases with a long course of illness and hard to be cured are termed as stubborn eczema. We have obtained good results in its treatment since 1995 with the Chu Shi Tang (除湿汤Dampness-Clearing Decoction) for oral intake and the Fu Fang Ku Shen Xi Ye (复方苦参洗液) for topical application. The following is a clinical report for treating 56 patients with stubborn eczema.

  19. 重庆市奉节县桂井战国秦汉墓地%The Guijing Cemetery of the Warring-States Period to the Qin and Han Dynasties in Fengjie County,Chongqing Municipality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴林

    2011-01-01

    In the autumn 2005,Archaeology Specialty of Department of History,Nanjing University excavated the Guijing Cemetery in Fengjie County,Chongqing Municipality.The excavation revealed six earthen pit tombs and one brick-chamber tomb.Five of the earthen pit tombs were densely clustered together,the dates of which were from the late Warring-States Period to the early Western Han Dynasty;from them,willow leaf-shaped bronze swords of Ba Style and the pottery ding-tripods and pots and bronze huang-semicircular pendants of Chu Style were unearthed,showing the features of the infusion of Ba and Chu Styles and the Chu Culture as the mainstream.The two sets of ding-tripod legs,each of which represented seven pottery ding-tripods,were all of the Chu Style.Iron coffin nails were found in two earthen pit tombs.From the brick-chamber tomb of the Eastern Han Dynasty,pottery figurines,basin and rarely-seen money tree base were unearthed.This excavation is significantly meaningful for the research on the evolution of the regional cultures in Chongqing area.%奉节县桂井墓地共清理土坑墓6座、砖室墓1座。有5座土坑墓时代为战国晚期至西汉初期,出土巴式柳叶形剑和楚式陶鼎、陶壶、铜璜等,具有巴、楚文化交融又以楚文化为主的特色。东汉砖室墓出土陶俑、陶盆和陶摇钱树座等。本次发掘为研究重庆地域文化的演进具有重要意义。

  20. High Efficiency Flexible Battery Based on Graphene-carbon Nanotube Hybrid Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-26

    transparent and flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film through a simple lamination process- structural integrity, low contact resistance...and flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film through a simple lamination process- structural integrity, low contact resistance, excellent C...Choi, Carbon 77 1065(2014) 2. Hierarchical NiCo2O4 @nickel-sulfide nanoplate arrays for high-performance supercapacitors, Chu Q, Wang W, Wang X

  1. CUJU'S SPREAD TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔乐泉

    2004-01-01

    In history,the sport of cuju or kemari has had a significant influence on the world, and China's neighbouring countries in particular, such as Japan and Korea. What's more, the impact has been profound.Here I would oke to explain my point by using Japan as an example, since Japan is one of the countries that have absorbed the richest variety of China's ancient traditions and culture.Its absorption of ancient China's tsu chu also bears quite some features.

  2. Nuclear Waste Disposal: Alternatives to Yucca Mountain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-06

    pr_121508_energysecnom.cfm. 13 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, “Growing energy: Berkeley Lab’s Steve Chu on what termite guts have to do with global warming...does not seem an attractive alternative to the geological 60 Steven Nadis, “The Sub-Seabed Solution...could be done at Yucca Mountain.82 Such “salt creep” occurs more quickly at higher temperatures , which could result from the disposal of high-level waste

  3. Clobazam as an adjunctive therapy in treating seizures associated with Lennox–Gastaut syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Jennifer T Leahy1, Catherine J Chu-Shore1,2, Janet L Fisher3 1Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Neurology, Programs in Neurophysiology and Epilepsy, Boston, MA, 2Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 3University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology, Physiology and Neuroscience, Columbia, SC, USA Abstract: Lennox–Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a devastating childhood epilepsy syndrome characterized by the occurrence of multiple types of seizures and ...

  4. Gender and ‘Land Grabbing’ in Sub-Saharan Africa: Women's land rights and customary land tenure

    OpenAIRE

    Jessica Chu

    2011-01-01

    Jessica Chu seeks to enquire into the understanding of gender impacts with the new proliferation of cross-border, large-scale land transactions or global ‘land grabs’. There has been a lack of discussion of gender in considering land grabs, most notably in the World Bank's recent report and in the various proposed guidelines. However, by not having addressed the current debates on women's land rights, particularly in regard to the return of customary law, current proposed solutions will fail ...

  5. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 18, Number 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    damping for the entire structure. L. active damping system which uses thin-film Slivinski, G.A. Clark, and H.F. Chu described a piezo -electric...8217, ’. - ’ imposed oscillation are found for the subharmon - been analyzed for the first symmetric and anti- ic response by a linear theory. They are de- symmetric...Math., A6 (2), pp 189-198 (Apr tions. Piezo -electric accelerometers: their devel- 1986) 4 figs, 17 refs opment and application. A vibration spectrum

  6. Physical-Chemical Studies on Rodlike Polymer Compositions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-09-20

    Condensation and Commentary of "Shear Rheology and Shear-Induced Textures of a Thermotropic Copolvesteramide" by T. De’N~ve, P. Navard and M. Klman...protonation in the strong protic acid MSA, the absorption properties are different for PBZT in MSA solutions. The absorbance for algined nematic...Lee, C. C., Chu, S. G., and Berry, G. C., I. Polyin. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 1983, 21:1573. 3. Srinivasarao, M., and Berry, G. C.,]. Rheology 1991

  7. Emission Angles for Soft X-Ray Coherent Transition Radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    School is used to study radiation effects and damage, radiation characteristics and nuclear structure. The LINAC is capable of operating from...Private communication.) 43 ........ 11. "PCD Linear Image Sensors (S3201 Series)," HAMAMATSU Technical Data Sheet, July 1985. 12. "Application of Reticon ...Photodiode Arrays as Electron and X-Ray Detectors," EG&G Reticon Application Notes No. 101, 1975. 13. Chu, A.N., M.A. Piestrup and R.H. Pantell

  8. SSC San Diego Command History Calendar Year 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Scrimpsher, Luis Biaggi, Mitchell Gillette, Chew Hom, Michael Gonzales, Randall Smith, Vivian Chu, James Hlava, Eric Rupert, Ellen Ward, Manuel Silveira...Hamaguchi, Al Cassedy, Paul Lichtenstein, David Stevens, Stan Durbin, Ed Van Houten, Grely Ponce , Dr. Randy Moore, Larry Mohr, Mike Phillips, Andy...Michelle Sund, Larry Campbell, Bob Franco, Rick Ponce , Ron Diaz, Douglas Hovermale, Monica Dukes, George Vajgrt, Mike Hammock, Jim Logsdon, Henry

  9. A New Species of Angiopteris from Guangxi%广西莲座蕨属一新种

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和兆荣

    2000-01-01

    @@ 疏脉莲座蕨新种图版Ⅰ:1~4 Angiopteris paucinervis W.M.Chu et Z.R.He ex Z.R.He, sp.nov. Species mirabilis, habitu plantae minori A.fokiensis Hieron. similis, sed st ipite sine tuberculo, pinnulis superioribus base rotundo-cuneatis vel cuneatis, inferioribus manifeste redactis, adnatis flabellulatis, sine costis, venulis par allelis ad margines pinnulae, ab ea et aliis congeneris facile distinguitur.

  10. SSC San Diego Command History Calendar Year 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Unclassified But Sensitive) IP Router Network services to customers. Team members: Rafael Maldonado, Israel Arenas, Mytiec Lam, Hang Le, Maurice Murphy...Robert O’Leary, Mark Schwartz, Robin Chu, John Kottong, Sandy Wetzel-Smith, Bobby Ramirez , Eleanor Holmes, Jay Mclnvale, Carmela Keeney, Patricia Thomas...Granlee, Roger Ligon, J.C. Norris, Jim Pomerene, John Wadsworth, Abundio Alvarez , Robert Calland, Arthur Chagnon, Dr. Donald Christy, Dr. I.R

  11. MTO: Sensing Across the Spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-04

    ME MS LNA LNA MEMS B P F 1600 B P F 800 t e x t LO 820/1620 Log A mp 650-1000 Example ASP Architecture On the Horizon: Antennas Challenges • Chu...for Absolute Reference (COUGAR) Lal Fiber optic resonator gyroscope architecture for ultra-high precision rotation sensing Chip-Scale Atomic Clock...Covert sensing with bionic platforms • Underwater surveillance/SONAR Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited Recent Accomplishments

  12. Operator Alertness/Workload Assessment Using Stochastic Model-Based Analysis of Myoelectric Signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-11-01

    BASED ANALYSIS OF MYOELECTRIC SIGNALS A. Madni C. Conaway S. Otsubo Y. Chu D" O~~r ’: Prepared For: E - AIR FORCE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH...November 1985 Phase II Interim Report For: so OPERATOR ALERTNESS/WORKLOAD ASSESSMENT USING STOCHASTIC MODEL-BASED ANALYSIS OF MYOELECTRIC SIGNALS A...TITLE (Include Security ClasSification) Operator Alterness/Workload Assessment Using Stochastic Model-Based Analysis of Myoelectric Signals 112

  13. Reply to the comment on: "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?"

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2012-01-01

    Hohensee, Chu, Peters and M\\"uller have submitted a comment (arXiv:1112.6039 [gr-qc]) on our paper "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?", Classical and Quantum Gravity 28, 145017 (2011), arXiv:1009.2485 [gr-qc]. Here we reply to this comment and show that the main result of our paper, namely that atom interferometric gravimeters do not test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency, remains valid.

  14. Title AnalysisofEast Emperor Tai Yi inNine Songs%《九歌·东皇太一》篇题解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹤

    2014-01-01

    Donghuangtaiyi, who is worshipped inEast Emperor Tai Yi, the first article inNine Songs, should be regarded as the original god in the god worship system of Chu State and who is superior to all the other gods. According to the records from ancient times and the documents unearthed in recent years,Taiyiis a godlike concept which is beyond the heaven and the earth. It is in the north that can not only produce water but also hide itself in the water, which is the supremacy of heaven. Donghuang is closely related to the orientation of worship, the origin of the clan and the choice of date of Chu State. And in taking the history of Chu State and Qu Fu texts into consideration, Donghuangtaiyi is the ancestor of ZhuanXu Gao Yangshi in Chu State.%作为《九歌》中的第一篇,《东皇太一》所祭祀的对象--东皇太一应为楚国神祀系统中的元始天神,高于其他一切神祗。结合先秦传世文献和近年来出土文献的记载,“太一”其实是一个被神化的概念,他超越于天地,居于北方,能生水并藏于水,是至高无上的天神。而“东皇”之名与楚国祭祀的方位、氏族发展源流及择日有关。再联系楚国历史与屈赋文本,东皇太一实则应指楚之始祖天帝颛顼高阳氏。

  15. Lifelong Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    7514 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science , pages 238–247. Springer, 2012. Distribution A: Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. 7. G...of Lecture Notes in Computer Science , pages 6–22. Springer, 2012. 8. Geoffrey Chu and Peter J. Stuckey. Nested constraint programs. In Barry...Proceedings, volume 7298 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science , pages 362–378. Springer, 2012. 10. Andreas Schutt, Thibaut Feydy, and Peter J. Stuckey

  16. Big data in pharmacy practice: current use, challenges, and the future

    OpenAIRE

    Ma C.; Smith HW; Chu C; Juarez DT

    2015-01-01

    Carolyn Ma, Helen Wong Smith, Cherie Chu, Deborah T JuarezDepartment of Pharmacy Practice, The Daniel K Inouye College of Pharmacy, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI, USAAbstract: Pharmacy informatics is defined as the use and integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the medication-use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes. The term “big data” has been coined and is often defined in three V's: volume, v...

  17. Rapid Identification of Bacterial Pathogens of Military Interest Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-11

    selection media. Such a process often requires days to weeks, or even months for some slow growing bacteria. Over the past decade, several polymerase...The emergence of nanotechnology holds the promise of developing biosensors that allow for the direct, rapid, and sensitive detection of microbial...3), 031908. doi: 03190810.1063/1.1988980 Chu, H.Y., Huang, Y.W., & Zhao, Y.P. (2008). Silver nanorod array as a SERS substrate for food borne

  18. Factors of binomial sums from the Catalan triangle

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Victor J W

    2009-01-01

    By using the Newton interpolation formula, we generalize the recent identities on the Catalan triangle obtained by Miana and Romero as well as those of Chen and Chu. We further study divisibility properties of sums of products of binomial coefficients and an odd power of a natural number. For example, we prove that for all positive integers $n_1, ..., n_m$, $n_{m+1}=n_1$, and any nonnegative integer $r$, the expression

  19. Change, Reputation, and Hair: A Female Rite of Passage in Mtha' ba Village

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blo bzang tshe ring

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural change is examined through a case study of a female rite of passage in Mtha' ba Village, Bsang chu County (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Region, Gansu Province, China. The ritual is described and patterns of social, cultural, economic, and technological change on the Tibetan Plateau are examined. The importance of reputation and competition, as well as the symbolic significance of hair, are explored in Tibetan contexts.

  20. Climate Cooperation——Highlights of Barack Obama's Visit to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Xiaosheng

    2009-01-01

    Barack Obama, the first US president who came to China in his first term, finished his four-day visit on November 18th, 2009. Many important officials ac-companied him such as Sectary of State Hillary Clin-ton, Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke, Energy secretary Steven Chu and Trade Representative Kirk, so his visit was also interpreted as a signal to show friendliness to China.

  1. A Fully Conserved Minimal Adjustment Scheme with (T, S) Coherency for Stabilization of Hydrographic Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    heat, salt, and potential energy, which may lead to errors in estimating the oceanic impact on global climate change patterns (Chu and Fan 2010a... circulation of deep and abyssal waters. Deep-Sea Res., 15, 577–598. Marotzke, J., and J. R. Scott, 1999: Convective mixing and the thermohaline circulation . J...Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Estimating the Circula- tion and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO) (T, S) fields centered on 31December 2008 (download on 19

  2. Instructions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Animal Husbandry and Feed Science(ISSN 1943-9911)is an academic journal sponsored by Wu Chu(USA-China)Science and Culture Media Co.(USA).It was first published in 2009.The journal is published bimonthly to report basic theory and applied research about animal husbandry,veterinary,aquaculture,feed science and other related fields,including aspects of genetics and breeding,reproduction,physiology,biochemistry,nutrition,

  3. An Experimental Microcomputer Controlled System for Synchronized Pulsating Anti-Gravity Suit

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-01

    in this technical note. The system is designed using a micro- computer with a realtime interface and an electro -pneumatic subsystem capable of...a realtime interface and an electro -pneumatic subsystem capable of delivering pressure pulses to a modified anti-G suit at a fast rate. It is...MAST suit, Amer. Emergency Med. 1981; 10:182-185. 9. Moore T, Jaron D, Chu CL, Dinar U, Hrebien L, White ML, Hendlar E, Dubin S

  4. High Tc: The Discovery of RBCO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, C. W.

    2007-03-01

    It was said by Emerson that ``there is no history; there is only biography.'' This is especially true when the events are recounted by a person who, himself, has been heavily involved and the line between history and autobiography can become blurred. However, it is reasonable to say that discovery itself is not a series of accidents but an inevitable product of each development stage of scientific knowledge as was also pointed out by Holden et al. (1) The discovery of RBCO (2,3) with R = Y, La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu is no exception. In this presentation, I will briefly recount several events that were crucial to the discovery of RBCO: those before 1986 (4) that sowed the seeds in our group important to our later high temperature superconductivity effort; those in 1986 (5) that were critical to our discovery of the 93 K RBCO soon after the discovery of the 35 K high temperature superconductor by M"uller and Bednorz (6); and those in 1987 when the barrier of the liquid nitrogen boiling temperature of 77 K was finally conquered. 1. G. J. Holton et al., American Scientist 84, 364 (1996). 2. M. K. Wu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 908 (1987). 3. P. H. Hor et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1891 (1987). 4. C. W. Chu et al., S. S. Comm. 18, 977 (1976); C. W. Chu and V. Diatchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 572 (1978); T. H. Lin et al., Phys. Rev. B(RC) 29, 1493 (1984); J. H. Lin et al., J. Low Temp. Phys. 58, 363 (1985). 5. C. W. Chu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 405 (1987); C. W. Chu et al., Science 235, 567 (1987). 6. J. G. Bednorz and K. A. M"uller, Z. Phys. B64, 189 (1986).

  5. Genomewide Search of Oncogenic Pathways Cooperating With ETS Fusions in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    studies demonstrated that ERG and ETV1 control a common transcriptional network but largely in an opposing fashion. In particular, while ERG negatively...by sequence tag analysis of genomic enrichment. Nat Methods 2: 47–53. Kim J, Chu J, Shen X, Wang J, Orkin SH. 2008. An extended transcriptional ... network for pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Cell 132: 1049–1061. Kimura T, Furusato B, Miki J, Yamamoto T, Hayashi N, Takahashi H, Kamata Y, van

  6. Theoretical Nuclear Physics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    1.1 Analysis of Two Correlation at CERN Energy Chu Zili Sa Benhao Zheng Yuming The method of two π interferometry can be used to obtain the source-size of theπ produced in heavy ion collisions. We have used the relativistic hadron cascade model (RHCM) to simulate the heavy ion collisions at CERN energy, which include the O-,S-and p-induced reactions.

  7. Hypersonic-Flow Governing Equations with Electromagnetic Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    R. Feynman , R. Leighton, M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics , Vol. 2, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Reading MA, 1989, commemorative issue...in his famous lectures [40] concerning the physics behind Eq. (14); his reasoning, although expounded in didactic style, is certainly one of the most...397–406. [13] B.-T. Chu, Thermodynamics of electrically conducting fluids, The Physics of Fluids 2 (5) (1959) 473–484. [14] S. Goldstein, Lectures

  8. Methodology for Architecting Energy Systems in Ultra Low Energy Communities: Energy System Architecting Tool (ESAT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Dahtzen Chu, Jim Miller (TPOC) Mike Case, Richard Liesen ( NetZero Installations Project) Security of energy supply  Vulnerable loads served under all...environmental impact External grid District-level smart switch Building microgrid District microgrid Energy microgrids are distributed power systems with...the capability to work seamless in islanding and grid-connected modes. They include thermal and electrical systems Building microgrid Building

  9. Proceedings of the Bonn/Bochum-Graduiertenkolleg Workshop 'The Magellanic Clouds and Other Dwarf Galaxies'

    OpenAIRE

    Richtler, Tom; Braun, Jochen M.

    1998-01-01

    The Workshop 'The Magellanic Clouds and Other Dwarf Galaxies' was held at the Physikzentrum Bad Honnef in January 1998. The proceedings comprise 79 contributions. About 1/3 of the 352 pages contain the following Reviews: The Violent Interstellar Medium in Dwarf Galaxies: Atomic Gas (Elias Brinks and Fabian Walter), Hot Gas in the Large Magellanic Cloud (You-Hua Chu), Astrophysics of Dwarf Galaxies: Structures and Stellar Populations (John S. Gallagher), Star-forming regions and ionized gas in...

  10. My English Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Of all the teachers, I love my English teacher best. He is a very good teacher and about thirty years old. We all call him Mr Chu. He is not tall but a little fat. He is a man with a good sense of humour and always friendly to us. We all like him and his lesson. In his class, we feel very happy. He always makes his English lesson interesting. We know English is rather difficult to learn but in his class,

  11. Conformal Pad-Printing Electrically Conductive Composites onto Thermoplastic Hemispheres: Toward Sustainable Fabrication of 3-Cents Volumetric Electrically Small Antennas

    OpenAIRE

    Haoyi Wu; Sum Wai Chiang; Cheng Yang; Ziyin Lin; Jingping Liu; Kyoung-Sik Moon; Feiyu Kang; Bo Li; Ching Ping Wong

    2015-01-01

    Electrically small antennas (ESAs) are becoming one of the key components in the compact wireless devices for telecommunications, defence, and aerospace systems, especially for the spherical one whose geometric layout is more closely approaching Chu's limit, thus yielding significant bandwidth improvements relative to the linear and planar counterparts. Yet broad applications of the volumetric ESAs are still hindered since the low cost fabrication has remained a tremendous challenge. Here we ...

  12. Zongzi and Its Story

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER LIM

    1996-01-01

    THE Dragon Boat Festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, when the weather turns warm. Traditionally, people eat zongzi(a pyramid shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves) during this festival to commemorate the ancient patriotic poet Qu Yuan (340-278 B.C.). Qu Yuan lived in the Chu State during the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.).

  13. Atom gravimeters and gravitational redshift

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Borde, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude; 10.1038/nature09340

    2010-01-01

    In a recent paper, H. Mueller, A. Peters and S. Chu [A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves, Nature 463, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometry experiments published a decade ago did in fact measure the gravitational redshift on the quantum clock operating at the very high Compton frequency associated with the rest mass of the Caesium atom. In the present Communication we show that this interpretation is incorrect.

  14. Military Review. Volume 88, Number 6, November-December 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    when opened, allowed hack- ers to penetrate the lab’s computer security.37 Hacker attacks against Japan and taiwan, ● reported in the Japanese and...calabash, today talibes carry the large empty cans of tomato paste so essential to senegalese cuisine . When the economics officer asked me who...to large-scale dem- onstrations against the crown. Chu also cites intolerance in the Japanese empire during World War ii. Before Japan’s invasion

  15. Validation and Support of a Quantitative Infrared Instrument Facility and Generation of a Library of Chemical Warfare and Related Materials by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    National Laboratory, personal communication . 7. A. G. Maki, J. S. Wells. Wavenumber Calibration Tables from Heterodyne Frequency Measurements (version 1.3...Barker. Phys. Rev., 18, 1551 (1931). 9. P. M. Chu. personal communication . 10. W. J. Barrett, E. B. Dismukes. AD 506023, Infrared Spectral Studies of...hritianen ffet inthespetra.Thi efect trnsisse1. rionintescral rnegtiontis adjcent tof the absorptiont Cobacinds should.3 beromie in aamrethortional

  16. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and Polychlorinated Dioxins (PCDDs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    BELTS (ALWAYS, M( i,±Y, SOME, NONE) YES ANNUAL YES 10 SKIN DISEASE YES ANNUAL YES 10 HEPATITIS OR JAUNDICE YES ANNUAL YES 10 LIVER DISEASE YES ANNUAL...differences in birth weight, head circumference, gestational age, or neonatal behavior. However, these studies fell short of establishing conclusive...necrosis, enlarged hepatocytes, and lipid droplets (Barsotti et al. 1976). Chu et al. (1977) reported that fatty degeneration in the liver was observed in

  17. Investigation of Low-Amplitude Shear Wave Velocity in Anisotropic Material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-08-01

    OCR = overconsolidation ratio, K = factor related to soil plasticity , P = atmospheric pressure in same units as Gmax, e = void ratio, 0o = mean...units, C = dimensionless constant, OCR = overconsolidation ratio, k = factor related to soil plasticity , Pa = atmospheric pressure in same units as...and 474-478 (from Hardin, 1961). 33. Chen, W. F. (1976), Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity , McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 34. Chu, H.Y.F., Lee, S.H.H

  18. Repérages bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Gouvernance – Governance AL AJEELI A., AL-BASTAKI Y. A. L. (2011), Handbook of research on e-services in the public sector: e-government strategies and advancements. Hershey, PA : Information Science Reference, 523 p. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011), Electronic governance and cross-boundary collaboration : innovations and advancing tools. Hershey, PA : IGI Global, 421 p. CROPF R. A., KRUMMENACHER W. S. (2011), Information Communication Technologies and the virtual public sphere: impacts of netwo...

  19. Computer Simulation of Protein-Protein and Protein-Peptide Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-08

    protoins: plex at 2.8 A resolution. Science 233:747-753. 1986. comparison of dielectric and charge models. Protein Engi- 2. Sheriff, S., Silverton , E.W...U.S.A. 84:8075-8079, 1987. 16. Lee, F.S., Chu, Z.T., Bolger, M.B., Warshel, A. Calcula- 3. Padlan, E.A., Silverton , E.W., Sheriff, S., Cohen, G.H., tions

  20. Operating Below Crush Depth: The Formation, Evolution, and Collapse of the Imperial Japanese Navy Submarine Force in World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-10

    Subamrine, Medium) LCDR Lieutenant Commander LT Lieutenant NM Nautical Mile RADM Rear Admiral ST Sen- Taka (Submarine, High Speed) STo Sen-Toku...Special Submarine) STS Sen- Taka -Sho (Submarine, High Speed(Victory)) USS United States Ship VADM Vice Admiral 1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION On...Kirai-Sen meaning Mine-Layer, KT for Kai-Toku-Chu meaning Medium, Special Submarine, ST for Sen- Taka meaning Submarine, High speed, STo for Sen Toku

  1. What Do Real Revolutionaries Eat?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    INESAPLESKACHEUSKAYA

    2005-01-01

    CHINESE Western cuisine is proudly spicy.Its distinctive flavor comes from red-hot chili peppers, an ingredient first brought to China by Spanish merchants in the 17th century. But Sichuan cuisine was hot long before the Spaniards arrived.A collection of poems from the ancient state of Chu entitled Elegy to the South reveals that natives of the area have been cooking with Sichuan pepper, cassia(local cinnamon), wormwood and other spices since 300 BC.

  2. Further Informational Properties of the Nash and Stackelberg Solutions of LQG Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    Electrical Engineering , 1980. in)Y. C. Ho and K. C. Chu, "Information Structure in Dynamic Multi-Person Control Problems." Automatica. Vol. 10. pp. 341-351...person one-act LQG Nash games* M. TU** and G.P. PAPAVASSILOPOULOS Department of Electrical Engineering - Systems, University of Southern California, Los...game [21 where the information is partially nested and each player acts once, and showed that among the nonunique solutions under ECS, one of them is

  3. Heart function and hemodynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    930054 Clinical assessment of left ventricularfunction by equilibrium radionuclide ventriculo-graphy before and after mitral valve replace-ment.CHU Yinping(褚银平),et al.2nd Hosp,Shanxi Med Coll,Taiyuan.Chin Cir J 1992;7(5):457-458.Equilibrium radionuclide ventriculographywas used to estimate the left ventricular(LV)function in control subjects(Group 1;n=8)and in 24 patients of mitral valvular diseasesChina Medical Abstracts(Internal Medicine)

  4. Interest of 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen premix sedation in gerodontology

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas, Emmanuel

    2008-01-01

    Emmanuel Nicolas1,2, Claire Lassauzay1,21CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2Université Clermont 1, EA 3847, Faculty of Dentistry, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, FranceAbstract: Elderly patients presenting cardiovascular, respiratory, or neurological disorders require a specific dental care approach, especially patients presenting Alzheimer’s disease. Sedative procedures can prevent dental care-induced stress, even when there is effective pain cont...

  5. Modelos de masculinidad en la literatura chino-americana contemporánea

    OpenAIRE

    Soria Somoza, Carolina

    2016-01-01

    [Resumen] Modelos de masculinidad en la literatura chino-americana contemporánea Esta tesis doctoral estudia los modelos de masculinidad presentes en la literatura chino-americana contemporánea. Para ello, analizo las obras de autores tan representativos como Frank Chin, Louis Chu, David Henry Hwang, Gish Jen, Ha Jin y Maxine Hong Kingston. Mi principal objetivo es examinar las diferencias entre aquellos modelos que resulten obsoletos y estereotípicos de aquellos que puedan ...

  6. Space-Time Transformation in Flux-form Semi-Lagrangian Schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    f f1 5366 0 0987651 2= = (5) which is the Korteweg-de Vries ( KDV ) equation with the exact solution , h( ) ( ), secs t A B s B t2 2h n...dispersion into the approximate solution . The numerical diffusion and dispersion are aliens to the process that is being modeled (Chu and Fan 1998, 1999...some artificial viscosity is introduced. Hence, less the numerical diffusion and dispersion errors equates to better model performance. Many

  7. Sensor Correlation and Data Fusion Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , Volume AC-23, No. 2, 1978. 3. Marschak, J. and R. Radner, Economic Theory of Teams, Yale 1972. 0 4. Ho, Y.C. and...K.C. Chu, "Team Decision Theory and Information Structures in Optimal Control Problems," IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , Volume AC-17, No. 1...Teneketzis, D. and P. Varaiya, "The Decentralized Quickest Detection U Problem," to appear in IEEE Transactions on

  8. Efficiently parallelized modeling of tightly focused, large bandwidth laser pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, Joey; Fillion-Gourdeau, François; Lefebvre, Catherine; Gagnon, Denis; MacLean, Steve

    2017-02-01

    The Stratton-Chu integral representation of electromagnetic fields is used to study the spatio-temporal properties of large bandwidth laser pulses focused by high numerical aperture mirrors. We review the formal aspects of the derivation of diffraction integrals from the Stratton-Chu representation and discuss the use of the Hadamard finite part in the derivation of the physical optics approximation. By analyzing the formulation we show that, for the specific case of a parabolic mirror, the integrands involved in the description of the reflected field near the focal spot do not possess the strong oscillations characteristic of diffraction integrals. Consequently, the integrals can be evaluated with simple and efficient quadrature methods rather than with specialized, more costly approaches. We report on the development of an efficiently parallelized algorithm that evaluates the Stratton-Chu diffraction integrals for incident fields of arbitrary temporal and spatial dependence. This method has the advantage that its input is the unfocused field coming from the laser chain, which is experimentally known with high accuracy. We use our method to show that the reflection of a linearly polarized Gaussian beam of femtosecond duration off a high numerical aperture parabolic mirror induces ellipticity in the dominant field components and generates strong longitudinal components. We also estimate that future high-power laser facilities may reach intensities of {10}24 {{W}} {{cm}}-2.

  9. Chronotropic incompetence can limit exercise tolerance in COPD patients with lung hyperinflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hulo S

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Sébastien Hulo,1 Jocelyn Inamo,2 Aurélie Dehon,3 Olivier Le Rouzic,4 Jean-Louis Edme,1 Remi Neviere51Université Lille, CHU Lille, EA 4483, IMPact de l’Environnement Chimique sur la Santé humaine, Lille, France; 2Département de Cardiologie – CHU Fort de France, Martinique – Faculté de Médecine – Université des Antilles, France; 3Pôle d’Anesthésie Réanimation ADRU, CHU Nîmes, Nîmes, France; 4Université Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, Lille, France; 5Université Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, Lille Inflammation Research International Center, Lille, FrancePurpose: Metabolic-chronotropic relationship is the only concept that assesses the entire chronotropic function during exercise, as it takes into account individual fitness. To better understand interrelationships between chronotropic incompetence (CI, dynamic hyperinflation (DH and exercise limitation among Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD disease severity, we evaluated cardiopulmonary responses to symptom-limited cycle exercise in stable patients.Patients and methods: We prospectively studied 47 COPD patients classified by GOLD stage severity. Pulmonary function tests and cardiopulmonary responses to symptom-limited incremental exercise were studied. CI was defined by regression line between percent heart rate (HR reserve and percent oxygen uptake (V’O2 reserve, ie, chronotropic-metabolic index (CMI. DH was defined from the knot resulting from the nonlinear regressions of inspiratory capacity changes from rest to peak (dynamic inspiratory capacity (ICdyn with percentage of maximal HR and CMI.Results: Aerobic capacity (median interquartile ranges peak V’O2, 24.3 (23.6; 25.2, 18.5 (15.5; 21.8, 17.5 (15.4; 19.1 mL·kg-1·min-1 and CMI worsened according to GOLD severity. The optimal knot of ICdyn was equal to −0.34 L. The

  10. Roles of iron acquisition systems in virulence of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli: salmochelin and aerobactin contribute more to virulence than heme in a chicken infection model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Qingqing

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC and uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC are the two main subsets of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC. Both types have multiple iron acquisition systems, including heme and siderophores. Although iron transport systems involved in the pathogenesis of APEC or UPEC have been documented individually in corresponding animal models, the contribution of these systems during simultaneous APEC and UPEC infection is not well described. To determine the contribution of each individual iron acquisition system to the virulence of APEC and UPEC, isogenic mutants affecting iron uptake in APEC E058 and UPEC U17 were constructed and compared in a chicken challenge model. Results Salmochelin-defective mutants E058ΔiroD and U17ΔiroD showed significantly decreased pathogenicity compared to the wild-type strains. Aerobactin defective mutants E058ΔiucD and U17ΔiucD demonstrated reduced colonization in several internal organs, whereas the heme defective mutants E058ΔchuT and U17ΔchuT colonized internal organs to the same extent as their wild-type strains. The triple mutant ΔchuTΔiroDΔiucD in both E058 and U17 showed decreased pathogenicity compared to each of the single mutants. The histopathological lesions in visceral organs of birds challenged with the wild-type strains were more severe than those from birds challenged with ΔiroD, ΔiucD or the triple mutants. Conversely, chickens inoculated with the ΔchuT mutants had lesions comparable to those in chickens inoculated with the wild-type strains. However, no significant differences were observed between the mutants and the wild-type strains in resistance to serum, cellular invasion and intracellular survival in HD-11, and growth in iron-rich or iron-restricted medium. Conclusions Results indicated that APEC and UPEC utilize similar iron acquisition mechanisms in chickens. Both salmochelin and aerobactin systems appeared to be important in APEC

  11. Pesquisa de aglutininas, antígeno de leptospiras e apoptose em rim de suínos naturalmente infectados por Leptospira spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa M.F. Gonçalves

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Soro e rim de 75 suínos mestiços sem raça definida, criados em sistema extensivo e abatidos em Timon (MA e Teresina (Piauí, Brasil, duas cidades separadas pelo Rio Parnaíba e 75 suínos mestiços de um sistema de criação em confinamento, filhos de Landrace, Large White e/ou Duroc foram utilizados neste estudo. Das 150 amostras analisadas pela prova de Soroaglutinação Microscópica (SAM, sete foram reagentes e o sorovar Icterohaemorrhagiae (42,86% foi o mais frequente. Uma comparação entre os dois sistemas para examinar uma predisposição para infecção para Leptospira spp. mostrou que a suscetibilidade foi maior nos animais criados extensivamente do que naqueles criados em confinamento (teste χ2, p<0,05. A presença de infiltrado inflamatório foi significantemente maior nos animais soropositivos comparados aos soronegativos (p<0,05, Teste U de Mann-Whitney. A análise morfométrica mostrou Leptospira spp. e o antígeno de leptospira apenas nos animais soropositivos (p<0,05, teste de U de Mann-Whitney. Apoptose em células epiteliais tubulares foi significantemente mais evidente nos animais infectados comparados aos não infectados (p<0,05, Teste U de Mann-Whitney. Uma eventual associação de antígeno de Leptospira e células epiteliais em apoptose sugere um provável mecanismo de lesão renal na leptospirose suína.

  12. The KiteShip (TM) project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De winter, Francis; Swenson, Ronald B; Culp, David [Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

    2000-07-01

    Foreseeable crude oil shortages provide an incentive to use wind power in the merchant marine again, to save fuel by providing propulsion power. Out prototype KiteShip (TM), a lightweight fiberglass proa 7 m long, has been sailed with 2 different sizes of kites in fresh water. The kites are shaped like parafoil wings, with areas of 4 sq m and 9 sq m. Steering is accomplished with two coupled rudders, one fore and one aft. We have been encouraged by the boat speed and the handling, although we have encountered only light winds up to now, of no more than about 20 km/ht. In the next phase we will employ a custom-built kite of 2 sq m. and will also start sailing in the ocean with heavier winds, of 40 km/hr and above. [Spanish] La escasez previsible de petroleo motiva volver a utilizar la fuerza del viento en la marina mercante, para ahorrar combustible al suministrar la potencia de propulsion. Nuestro prototipo KiteShip (MR), con una proa ligera de fibra de vidrio con 7 m de longitud, ha navegado con dos diferentes tipos de vela ({sup k}ite{sup )} en agua dulce. Los kites tienen forma de alas de parafol, con areas de 4 m{sup 2} y 9 m{sup 2}. La direccion se logra con dos timones acoplados, uno en la proa y otro en la popa. Nos entusiasmo la velocidad del bote y su manejo, aunque hemos encontrado hasta ahora solo vientos ligeros de no mas de alrededor de 20 km/hr. En la siguiente fase emplearemos un kite hecho a la medida, de 28 m{sup 2} y tambien comenzaremos a navegar en el oceano con vientos mas fuertes de 40 km/hr o mas.

  13. Impact of current cough on health-related quality of life in patients with COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deslee G

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Gaëtan Deslee,1 Pierre-Régis Burgel,2 Roger Escamilla,3 Pascal Chanez,4 Isabelle Court-Fortune,5 Pascale Nesme-Meyer,6 Graziella Brinchault-Rabin,7 Thierry Perez,8 Gilles Jebrak,9 Denis Caillaud,10 Jean-Louis Paillasseur,11 Nicolas Roche2On behalf of the Initiatives BPCO Scientific Committee 1Department of Respiratory Diseases, INSERM UMR 903, Maison Blanche Hospital, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, 2Department of Respiratory Diseases, Cochin Hospital, AP-HP and University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, 3Department of Respiratory Diseases, Larrey Hospital, Toulouse, 4Department of Respiratory Diseases, APHM, INSERM U1077, CNRS UMR 7733 Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, 5Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital of St Etienne, 6Department of Respiratory Diseases, La Croix Rousse Hospital, Lyon, 7Department of Respiratory Diseases, Pontchaillou Hospital, University Hospital of Rennes, Rennes, 8Department of Respiratory Diseases, Calmette Hospital, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, 9Department of Respiratory Diseases, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, 10Department of Respiratory Diseases, Gabriel Montpied Hospital, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, 11EFFI-STAT, Paris, FranceBackground: Cough and sputum production are frequent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between cough and sputum production and health-related quality of life in COPD.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the French Initiatives COPD cohort and assessed cough and sputum production within the past 7 days using the cough and sputum assessment questionnaire (CASA-Q, health-related quality of life, spirometry, smoking status, dyspnea, exacerbations, anxiety and depression, and comorbidities.Results: One hundred and seventy-eight stable COPD patients were included (age, 62 [56–69] years, 128 male, forced expiratory volume in 1 second

  14. Radiological evaluation of the fetal face using three-dimensional ultrasound imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bäumler M

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Marcel Bäumler,1–3 Michèle Bigorre,1,4 Jean-Michel Faure1,51CHU Montpellier, Centre de Compétence des Fentes Faciales, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 2Clinique du Parc, Imagerie de la Femme, Castelnau-le-Lez, 3Cabinet de Radiologie du Trident, Lunel, 4CHU Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 5CHU Montpellier, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, FranceAbstract: This paper reviews screening and three-dimensional diagnostic ultrasound imaging of the fetal face. The different techniques available for analyzing biometric and morphological items of the profile, eyes, ears, lips, and hard and soft palate are commented on and briefly compared with the respective bi-dimensional techniques. The available literature supports the use of three-dimensional ultrasound in difficult prenatal diagnostic conditions because of its diagnostic accuracy, enabling improved safety of perinatal care. Globally, a marked increase has been observed in the accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasound in comparison with the bi-dimensional approach. Because there is no consensus about the performance of the different three-dimensional techniques, future studies are needed in order to compare them and to find the best technique for analysis of each of the respective facial elements. Universal prenatal standards may integrate these potential new findings in the future. At this time, the existing guidelines for prenatal facial screening should not be changed.Keywords: prenatal three-dimensional ultrasound, prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis, cleft lip and palate, fetal profile, retrognathism

  15. Corn stover fractions as a function of hybrid, maturity, site and year

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lizotte, P.L. [Laval Univ., Quebec City, PQ (Canada). Dept. des sols et de genie agroalimentaire; Savoie, P. [Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Quebec City, PQ (Canada); Lefsrud, M. [McGill Univ., Macdonald College, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Biosystems Engineering

    2010-07-01

    Corn stover is usually left on the ground following corn harvest so that it can be incorporated into the soil as organic matter and to protect against erosion. Part of the corn stover is oxidized in the atmosphere. Corn stover represents between 40 and 50 per cent of the dry matter (DM) contained in the aerial biomass of corn plants. Recent studies have shown that half of the corn stover could be harvested sustainably on low-sloping land under no-till practice. In Quebec, where 400,000 ha of corn are planted each year, corn stover could provide one million t DM of currently neglected biomass. Various hybrids of corn were monitored from early September to late November at 4 different sites during 2007, 2008 and 2009. Whole plants cut at 100 mm above the ground were collected weekly and separated into 7 fractions, notably the grain, the cob, the husk, the stalk below the ear, the stalk above the ear, the leaves below the ear and the leaves above the ear. In 2007, corn ears on average, were at 0.96 m above the ground at a site with low crop heat units (CHU). Hybrids grown in a warmer site were taller and their ears were 1.21 m above the ground. The DM partitioned in 7 components was 54 per cent grain, 14 per cent bottom stalk, 6 per cent top stalk, 5 per cent bottom leaves, 7 per cent top leaves, 5 per cent husk and 9 per cent cob. The total mass of fibre during harvest decreased from 8.9 to 6.6 t DM/ha for a low CHU hybrid and from 9.3 to 8.3 t DM/ha for a high CHU hybrid. Grain yield increased in 2008 from 3.8 to 7.6 t DM/ha over a 12-week period.

  16. “过去的摇滚英雄”-以大众媒介对张楚复出的报道逻辑为中心%“Past Rock Music Hero”:Centering onthe Logic of the Mass Media Reports of Zhang Chu’s Comeback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵唯伊

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the mass media reports and comments about the rock singer Zhang Chu, and concludes that the mass media presents Zhang Chu, who has come back to the screen, as a past rock music hero, so as to reduce the resistant force of China’s rock music sub-culture represented by Zhang Chu. Based on this point, the paper points out that the dominant culture represented by the mass media has little interest and lacks the ability to grasp the whole picture of the current rock music ifeld. The mass media maintains the mainstream culture’s domination over the sub-culture in a conservative and compromised way, so as to consolidate the ruling status of the mainstream culture.%通过对大众传播媒介关于摇滚歌手张楚的报道、专访和评论的分析,指出大众传播媒介试图通过报道把复出后的张楚塑造成一个依然停留在过去的摇滚英雄形象,以消解张楚所代表的中国摇滚亚文化的反抗力量。在此基础上,揭示出以大众媒介为代表的主流文化对当前摇滚的全局没有把握的兴趣或者能力,因而媒介以一种保守的、妥协的方式来维护主流文化对亚文化的主导,以达到巩固主流文化霸权地位的目的。

  17. Etude du télégeste médical non invasif utilisant un transducteur gestuel à retour d'efforts

    OpenAIRE

    Guerraz, Agnès

    2002-01-01

    Nicholas Ayache Directeur de recherche à l'INRIA Sophia Antipolis Philippe Cinquin Médecin et chercheur au CHU, CNRS de Grenoble Bernard Hennion Ingénieur au centre FT R&D de Grenoble co-directeur Jacques Lemordant Maître de Conférence à l'Université J. Fourier (IMAG) directeur Christian Roux Professeur à l'ENST Bretagne rapporteur Peter Sander Professeur à l'Ecole d'informatique ISI Sophia Antipolis rapporteur Jocelyne Troccaz Directeur de recherche au CNRS de Grenoble; The goal of this remo...

  18. Photothermal Therapy: Metabolizable Ultrathin Bi2 Se3 Nanosheets in Imaging-Guided Photothermal Therapy (Small 30/2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Hanhan; Li, Zhibin; Sun, Zhengbo; Shao, Jundong; Yu, Xue-Feng; Guo, Zhinan; Wang, Jiahong; Xiao, Quanlan; Wang, Huaiyu; Wang, Qu-Quan; Zhang, Han; Chu, Paul K

    2016-08-01

    Ultrathin Bi2 Se3 nanosheets are prepared by a solution method. As described on page 4136 by X.-F. Yu, Q.-Q. Wang, P. K. Chu, and co-workers, such ultrathin Bi2 Se3 nanosheets exhibit strong near infrared (NIR) light absorption, excellent photothermal and photoacoustic performance, enabling efficient imaging-guided photothermal therapy. Furthermore, these Bi2 Se3 nanosheets are well metabolized. These attractive properties render the Bi2 Se3 nanosheets promising as a NIR-triggered theranostic agents in cancer therapies.

  19. Investigation of the Effect of Temperature During Off-State Degradation of AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Microwave symposium digest (MTT), 2010 IEEE MTT-S international; 2010.p. 145–48. [2] Chang C-Y, Anderson T, Hite J, Lu L, Lo C-F, Chu B-H, et al. Reverse...numerous nickel nitrides reported being formed at temperatures as low as 200 C [21–23]. Additionally, thermal instability of Ni/Au based Ohmic contacts...electron mobility transistors on Si substrate. In Reliab Compd Semiconduct Digest (ROCS) 2009;2009:53–6. [8] Demirtas S, Joh J, del Alamo JA. High voltage

  20. Maailmade loomine ja rahvuspaviljonid Veneetsias / Kati Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    53. Veneetsia biennaal "Making Worlds / Fare Mondi / Maailmu luues" 7. VI-22. XI, kuraator Daniel Birnbaum. Hiina kunstniku Chu Yuni tööst "Constellation / Tähtkuju" kuraatorinäitusel. Lühidalt USA (Bruce Nauman) ja Hispaania (Miquel Barcelo) paviljonidest, pikemalt Taani ja Põhjamaade (kunstnike-kuraatorite Michael Elmgreeni ja Ingar Dragseti projekt "The Collectors / Kogujad"), Prantsuse (Claude Lévèque'i "Le Grand Soir / Suur öö", kuraator Christian Bernard) ja Egiptuse (Adel El Siwi ja Ahmad Askalany "Leggermente monumentale / Kergelt monumentaalne") paviljonidest

  1. Analysis of Atom-Interferometer Clocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-21

    particle has been mostly ignored [3]. But in recent years it has appeared in the literature with claims that the redshift of the Compton oscillation... literature it has been claimed that ω0 does not correspond to a physical oscillation, with the points being made that it is not Doppler shifted to an...Peters, and S. Chu, Nature (London) 463, 926 (2010). [5] P. Catillon, N. Cue, M. J. Gaillard, R. Genre , M. Gouanère, R. G. Kirsch, J. C. Poizat, J

  2. Liste des Auteurs

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Amor Hakima, Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences Semlalia, Département de biologie, Laboratoire d’écologie humaine, Marrakech, Maroc. Angeli Aurora, Universita degli studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di scienze statiche “Paolo Fortunati”, Bologne, Italie. Baali Abdellatif, Université Cadi Ayyad, Faculté des sciences Semlalia, Département de biologie, Laboratoire d’écologie humaine, Marrakech, Maroc. Bachtarzi T., Hôpital Ibn Sina, CHU Annaba, Algérie. Baudot Patrick, Université de Proven...

  3. Biolog of Hepialus yushuensis%冬虫夏草寄主玉树蝠蛾幼虫的生物学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉玲; 徐成体; 何力剑

    2007-01-01

    在青海虫草最主要产区玉树巴塘地区对玉树蝠蛾Hepialus yushusis Chu et Wang进行野外定点调查观察,结果表明:玉树蝠蛾幼虫是一种多食性昆虫,对低温有特殊的适应能力,适宜生长发育的地温是6~10℃;幼虫喜潮湿,最适土壤含水量为40%~60%;幼虫世代重叠,在冻土层越冬.

  4. 哈萨克斯坦铀矿将向北美供铀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    加拿大UrAsia公司11月9日宣布,该公司已与北美几家电力公司签订了5份供铀合同。这些合同共涉及约2600tU3O8。这些铀将全部来自哈萨克斯坦Chu-Sarysu盆地的Akdala铀矿(产能为1180 t U3O8/a),供货期限为2007—2016年。

  5. 法国院长 真正人权财权交给科主任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 法国医疗机构分为两大部分,一是公立医院(HOPITA-UX)包括地区性大型综合医院、医学与教学中心(CHU)、地段性的中小医院与诊所.这些公立医院总数共有1千多所.还有约近3千的私立医院,主要是私立外科诊所(CLINIQUES)、综合性医疗中心等.

  6. About Animal Husbandry and Feed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Animal Husbandry and Feed Science is published to introduce the research achievements of animal husbandry and veterinary workers to the world,enhance their chances to participate in international academic exchange,and promote development of animal husbandry and veterinary.In 2009,Wu Chu(USA-China)Science&Culture Media Co.(Cranston,USA)and Anhui Wuchu Science,Technology and Culture Communication Co.,Ltd(Hefei,China)issued the journal Animal Husbandry and Feed Science(ISSN 1943-9911).The main content is basic theory and applied research about animal husbandry,veterinary,feed science and other related fields.The journal covers many research areas

  7. Development of β-lactoglobulin-specific chimeric human IgEκ monoclonal antibodies for in vitro safety assessment of whey hydrolysates.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Knipping

    Full Text Available Cow's milk-derived whey hydrolysates are nutritional substitutes for allergic infants. Safety or residual allergenicity assessment of these whey hydrolysates is crucial. Currently, rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells expressing the human IgE receptor α-chain (huFcεRIα-RBL-2H3, sensitized with serum IgE from cow's milk allergic children, are being employed to assess in vitro residual allergenicity of these whey hydrolysates. However, limited availability and inter-lot variation of these allergic sera impede standardization of whey hydrolysate safety testing in degranulation assays.An oligoclonal pool of chimeric human (chuIgE antibodies against bovine β-lactoglobulin (a major allergen in whey was generated to increase sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility of existing degranulation assays.Mice were immunized with bovine β-lactoglobulin, and subsequently the variable domains of dissimilar anti-β-lactoglobulin mouse IgG antibodies were cloned and sequenced. Six chimeric antibodies were generated comprising mouse variable domains and human constant IgE/κ domains.After sensitization with this pool of anti-β-lactoglobulin chuIgEs, huFcεRIα-expressing RBL-2H3 cells demonstrated degranulation upon cross-linking with whey, native 18 kDa β-lactoglobulin, and 5-10 kDa whey hydrolysates, whereas a 3 kDa whey hydrolysate and cow's milk powder (mainly casein showed no degranulation. In parallel, allergic serum IgEs were less sensitive. In addition, our pool anti-β-lactoglobulin chuIgEs recognized multiple allergenic immunodominant regions on β-lactoglobulin, which were also recognized by serum IgEs from cow's milk allergic children.Usage of our 'unlimited' source and well-defined pool of β-lactoglobulin-specific recombinant chuIgEs to sensitize huFcεRIα on RBL-2H3 cells showed to be a relevant and sensitive alternative for serum IgEs from cow's milk allergic patients to assess safety of whey-based non-allergic hydrolyzed formula.

  8. Adaptogenic potential of andrographolide: An active principle of the king of bitters (Andrographis paniculata)

    OpenAIRE

    Thakur, Ajit Kumar; Chatterjee, Shyam Sunder; Kumar, Vikas

    2014-01-01

    Andrographolide is a major bioactive secondary plant metabolite isolated Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Wall. Ex. Nees. (穿心蓮 chuān xīn lián), a well-known traditionally used medicinal herb. The aim of the study was to pharmacologically evaluate the beneficial effect of andrographolide on stress-induced thermoregulatory and other physiological responses in mice. A stress-induced hyperthermia test was conducted in mice. The test agents were orally administered once daily for 11 consecutive ...

  9. Properties of Materials Using Acoustic Waves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    CLASSiFICATIOO OF THIS PAGIR elM. DMe Eatae" to nonlinear acoustics which should permit us to cast problems with geometric and other complexities into a...on the kinetics of chemical reactions . 5. New theoretical approaches in nonlinear acoustics (R.M. McGowan and Professor B.-T. Chu) We are working to...of water and methanol was compared with the theoretical predictions given by Marston’s theory and the simplified model (Hsu 1983). This set of data

  10. Dynamic Actuation of Single-Crystal Diamond Nanobeams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-25

    Physical Review B 2010, 81, 241405. (24) Chu, Y.; de Leon, N. P.; Shields, B. J.; Hausmann, B. Nano . . . 2014, (25) Villanueva , L. G.; Karabalin, R...and complexity 2008, 1, 1–48. (27) Villanueva , L. G.; Karabalin, R. B.; Matheny, M. H.; Chi, D.; Sader, J. E.; Roukes, M. L. Physical Review B 2013...87, 024304. (28) Rath, P.; Khasminskaya, S.; Nebel, C.; Wild, C.; Pernice, W. H. P. Nat Commun 2013, 4, 1690. (29) Villanueva , L. G.; Karabalin, R. B

  11. Proceedings of the 7th Biannual International Symposium on Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, Ellen T.; Mckay, James D.; Gaborieau, Valerie; Kaderi, Mohamed Arifin Bin; Purnomosari, Dewajani; Voegele, Catherine; LeCalvez-Kelm, Florence; Byrnes, Graham; Brennan, Paul; Devi, Beena; Zhang, Y; Fan, Y.; Sun, K.; Du, Z.; Sun, H

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents A1 Hope and despair in the current treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer IB Tan I1 NPC international incidence and risk factors Ellen T Chang I2 Familial nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the use of biomarkers Chien-Jen Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Yin-Chu Chien I3 Genetic susceptibility risk factors for sporadic and familial NPC: recent findings Allan Hildesheim I5 Genetic and environmental risk factors for nasopharyngeal cancer in Southeast Asia James D McKay, Valerie Gaborieau, Mohamed Ari...

  12. Generation and Correlation Characteristics of Complex Spreading Sequences for CDMA Wireless Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poonam Goyal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents complex spreading sequences (CSS for use in coded multiple access communication systems. The complex sequences such as Zadoff-Chu (ZC and Oppermann {&} Vucetic (OV are described here. These complex spreading sequences offers a very wide range of values for both auto-correlation (AC and cross-correlation (CC functions, allowing great flexibility in the selection of characteristics of sequence sets. The parameters such as mean-square aperiodic AC and CC values for various sequence sets are presented here

  13. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AYANSO A., CHATTERJEE D., CHO D. I. (2011, “E-Government readiness index: A methodology and analysis”, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 28, n° 4, pp. 522-532. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic Governance and Cross-Boundary Collaboration: Innovations and Advancing Tools, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 422 p. ISBN: 9781609607548 CONCHA G., ASTUDILLO H., PORRÚA M. (et al. (2011, “E-Government procurement observatory, maturity model and early measurements”, Gove...

  14. Defense Economics Conference (2004). Military Compensation: Informing the Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-09

    willing, of a history of the all-volunteer force, I had the good fortune to be able to go back and relearn the lessons from those bodies . What I would... millenials —which leaders ought to be doing—tell me that today’s generation wants a chance to make a difference. If we provide an opportunity for them...first meeting with our team, Mike was there and maybe David Chu was there, but it was the first meeting with union leadership. We had to get this body

  15. IDENTITIES INVOLVING RATIONAL SUMS BY INVERSION AND PARTIAL FRACTION DECOMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Prodinger

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Identities appearing recentlyin: {sc J. L. D'{i}az-Barrero, J. Gibergans-B'agu-ena, P. G. Popescu:}{it Some identities involving rational sums}. Appl. Anal. Discrete Math., {f 1} (2007, 397--402, aretreated by inverting them; the resulting sums areevaluated using partial fraction decomposition, following{sc Wenchang Chu:} {it A binomial coefficient identity associated with {B}eukers' conjectureon {A}p'ery numbers.} Electron. J. Combin., {f 11} (1: Note 15, 3 pp. (electronic, 2004.This approach produces a general formula, not only special cases.

  16. Epidemiology and etiology of cholinergic urticaria%胆碱能性荨麻疹流行病学及病因学的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑞; 晏洪波

    2014-01-01

    Cholinergic urticaria (ChU),a rare condition clinically characterized by locally or generally distributed,highly pruritic starlike wheals occurring after an increase in body core temperature,negatively influences patients' quality of life.The pathogenesis of ChU remains unclear.The authors summarize the results of epidemiological studies on ChU in different countries over the years,which suggest that this entity has occurred more and more frequently in young people,and the actual incidence rate of ChU is higher than reported.It is considered that sweat hypersensitivity,sweat duct obstruction,poor perspiration,excessive secretion of sweat,and M3 muscarinic cholinergic receptor are closely associated with the occurrence of ChU.This paper reviews advances in the etiology and pathogenesis of ChU with a focus on the theories of sweat allergy and sweating abnormality.%胆碱能性荨麻疹的典型临床特征为体温升高并有全身或局部出现瘙痒性星状风团.该病影响患者生活质量,发病机制尚不完全明确.首先对历年来不同国家不同地区的流行病学相关调查结果进行分析,发现该病发病率年轻化,实际发病率高于数据统计结果.阐述该病病因及发病机制的研究进展,重点关注汗液过敏学说与排汗异常学说,得出汗液超敏反应、汗管阻塞、排汗不畅、汗液分泌过多、毒蕈碱型乙酰胆碱受体3等与该病的发生密切相关.

  17. Analysis of Dengue Virus Enhancing Epitopes Using Peptide Antigens Derived from the Envelope Glycoprotein Gene Sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-11-27

    WE. 1990. Development of dengue and Japanese encephalitis Vaccines . J Infect Dis 162:577-83. 2. Brandt WE, McCown JM, Gentry MK, and Russell PK. i982...7. 19. Roehrig JT, Johnson AJ, Hunt AR, Bolin RA, •d Chu MC. 1990. Antibodies to dengue 2 Jamaica E-glycopr tein synthetic peptides identify antigenic...AD________ AD-A230 976 ARMY PROJECT NO: 89PP9961 TITLE: ANALYSIS OF DENGUE VIRUS ENHANCING EPITOPES USING PEPTIDE ANTIGENS DERIVED FROM THE ENVELOPE

  18. The Petitioning System: A Major Challenge to “Social Harmony”? and Can Taiwan’s opposition reconstruct itself?

    OpenAIRE

    Tran Dai, Candice; Kilian, Hubert

    2012-01-01

    Analysis by Candice Tran Dai based on:• Wu Yang, “Debate at the highest level of the CCP on the question of maintaining or abandoning the petition system,” Chengming, 2 May 2009• Yu Jianrong, “University specialisation in ‘petitions’: What needs to be studied,” Nanfang Zhoumo, 10 June 2009Analysis by Hubert Kilian based on:• “Internal tensions in the DPP: Pandora’s box opened in executive committee,” Lianhe bao - United Daily News, 9 June 2009, editorial pages.• “When Chen Chu was in prison f...

  19. Církevní správa v josefínské době a vliv vydání tolerančního patentu na český venkov

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The bachelor thesis which is focused on the period with the focal point in the year 1781 follows up mainly the memoirs of burghers and priests of Pelhřimov in the pre-toleration and the early toleration period enriched with the religious sources and sources of the town council. The crucial aim of this thesis is to chart the influence of the Patent of Toleration and the reaction to its issue. The first chapter deals with the space in the triangle defined with the terms: religion, state and chu...

  20. ON THE SELF-SIMILARITY OF A JET IN CROSSFLOW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The RNG k-ε turbulence model is adopted to investigate a turbulent round jet issuing into crossflow, with the Reynolds number at jet exit of Re=6000 and jet-to crossflow velocity ratio of r=8. With the CFD code, FLUENT, the relations of dimensional analysis are successfully reproduced and the calculated coefficients agree well with the experimental measurements of Wong (1991) and Chu (1996). The investigations are then taken on the velocity, stream function and vorticity at the far field of the jet. It shows that at least within the covered range herein, the jet at the far field is self-similar.

  1. Medical Image Indexing and Compression Based on Vector Quantization: Image Retrieval Efficiency Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Puentes, B. Solaiman, J. M. Cauvin, C. Roux LATIM ERM 0102 - INSERM, Bat 2 bis, CHU Morvan, Brest, France Département I.T.I., ENST de Bretagne , B.P. 832...s) and Address(es) Departement I.T.I., ENST de Bretagne B.P. 832, 29285 Brest-Cedex, France Performing Organization Report Number Sponsoring...Latin America – NR: 6.0130.9), and in part by the ENST de Bretagne – Groupe des Écoles de Télécommunications (GET). REFERENCES [1] F. Idris, S

  2. Processus de réorientation des variantes de martensite dans un monocristal de Cu Al NiReorientation process of martensite variants in a Cu Al Ni monocrystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanc, Pascal; Lexcellent, Christian

    2003-04-01

    On the one hand, Chu (Thesis, Minnesota, 1993), Abeyaratne et al. (Philos. Mag. A 73 (2) (1996) 457-497) performed biaxial tensile tests on a single crystal Cu-Al-Ni plate, in order to analyze the reorientation process of martensite variants. On the other hand, use is made of a constitutive model with n+1 internal variables (the volume fractions of austenite and of the n martensite variants) specific to the thermomechanical behavior of SMA single crystals in order to simulate the martensite variant reorientation. The comparison between experimental results and model prediction is fairly good. To cite this article: P. Blanc, C. Lexcellent, C. R. Mecanique 331 (2003).

  3. The Deterministic Mine Burial Prediction System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-12

    authors wish to especially recognize and thank Peter Chu and Chenwu Fan for providing the IMPACT35 code, Carl Friedrichs and Art Trembanis for...A.C. Trembanis, C.T. Friedrichs , M.D. Richardson, P.A. Traykovski, P.A. Howd, P.A. Elmore, and T.F. Weaver, “Predicting Mine Scour Burial at Indian...Iredell, B. Katz , H.-L. Pan, J. Sela, and G.H. White, “Recent Changes Implemented into the Global Forecast System at NMC,” Weather and Forecasting 6

  4. High-Efficiency and High-Power Mid-Wave Infrared Cascade Lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    22, pp. 218–221, 2007. [37] S. Katz , A. Friedrich , G. Boehm, and M.-C. Amann, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 92, p. 181103, 2008. [38] Sirtori, F...Spagnolo, G. Scamarcio, H. Page, and C. Sirtori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3690 (2004). [87] S. Katz , A. Friedrich , G. Boehm, and M.-C. Amann, Appl...S. N. G. Chu, and A. Y. Cho, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 25 (2001). [24] S. Katz , A. Vizbaras, G. Boehm, and M.-C. Amann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 151106

  5. A Practical, Convergent Method for Glycopeptide Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-23

    obtained by Paul Weinreb and Joseph Jarrett of the Lansbury laboratory. FAB mass spectra were obtained by Dr. Andrew Tyler and Laura Romo of the...9) Chu, F. K.; Trimble, R. B.; Maley, F. J. Biol. Chem. 1978, 253, 8691-8693. (10) Walsh, M. T.; Watzlawick , H.; Putnam, F. W.; Schmid, K.; Brossmer...Derevitskaja, V. A.; Kochetkov, N. K. Carb. Res. 1986, 146, Cl-C5. (41) Paul , B.; Korytnyk, W. Carb. Res. 1978, 67, 457-468. 31 Cohen-Anisfeld and Lansbury (42

  6. 浅谈《史记·龟策列传》——兼与《庄子》之《外物》等篇的比较%Discussion on Turtle Biographies in Historical Records, Comparing with the Objects and Other Articles in Chuang-tzu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪生

    2016-01-01

    according to the basic ideas about the Turtle Biographies, in Records of the Historian, Sima Qian' s Preface, Mr. Chu said about its modern version,"The first and the last part of Oracle' s records should be the original of Sima Qian and it is also all contents of the biography. The ancient historians think it is no recorded book or improper to be sorted in biographies, which is worth discussing. Mr. Chu' s words are the complete misunderstanding of the uniqueness of the biography, which leads to the later historian' s criticism;at the same time, as to Chu Shaosun' s so-called complements it is undeniable about its certain literary and historical value, which is the re-creation of the text and historical biography of Chuang Tzu. Mr. Chu' s remarks crossed with several texts of Chuang Tzu shows that the doctrine of the pre-Qin presents the quality of history; history and biography literature is the product of the historiographer' s culture, and pre-Qin philosophers are also originated from the official and the relationship between those two.%按《史记·太史公自序》关于《龟策列传》的基本构想,今本《史记·龟策列传》"褚先生曰"之前的第一部分和最后的"卜辞"记录,应该就是司马迁的原作和该篇传记的全部内容. 旧史家认为其"有录无书"或不当入于"列传"之体,是值得商榷的. 而"褚先生曰"完全是作者不领会该篇传记的独特性所致,也招致了后世史论家的一致诟病;同时,也不可否认,所谓褚少孙补作,仍有一定文献性和史料性价值,是对《庄子》文本和有关历史传说的再创作. "褚先生曰"之所以杂凑《庄子》多篇,也说明先秦诸子之书,与"史"有同质的关系;史传文学是史官文化的产物,先秦诸子亦源于史官,二者的关系是同源而生.

  7. In vitro gynogenesis in red beet (Beta vulgaris L.: effects of ovule culture conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Barański

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the influence of factors affecting gynogenic response of red beet ovules is discussed. The ovule response frequencies were the highest in the following conditions: N6 (Chu 1975 mineral salts, 0.5 mg/l IAA, 0.2 mg/l BA, 27 or 32oC. The influence of genotype of donor plants was confirmed and it was found that the ovules excised from cultivar plants have a greater gynogenic ability than the ovules of hybrids or inbred lines.

  8. Comportamento de novilhas bubalinas terminadas em confinamento usando promotor de crescimento ou esferas de chumbo no útero - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i3.1212 Buffalo heifers behavior in feedlot using growth promoter or lead spheres introduced in the uterus - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i3.1212

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Soares Domingues

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito da simulação da prenhez (100 esferas de chumbo no útero – CHU e uso de promotor de crescimento (PRC em comparação às novilhas vazias (VAZ, sobre o comportamento ingestivo, ruminação e imersão em água. Foram utilizadas 20 búfalas Murrah. Foi observado o comportamento das novilhas por cinco dias, em confinamento de 84 dias. O tempo de alimentação foi maior para o PRC (1352,5min. em relação ao VAZ (1120,2min. e ao CHU (1128,1min., que não diferiram entre si. O tempo de ruminação foi maior para os animais do PRC (2598,5min. em relação ao CHU (2169,7min., com o VAZ (2357,4min. em posição intermediária. No que se refere ao tempo de imersão em água (IME, este foi semelhante entre VAZ (1369,3min. e CHU (1289,9min. e superior ao tratamento PRC (604,0min.. O implante influenciou positivamente o tempo de alimentação e ruminaçãoThis experiment evaluated the effects of treatments simulating pregnancy (100 lead spheres in the uterus - LEA and implanted growth promoter (GPR, compared to a control group (EMP on feed intake behavior, rumination behavior, and water immersion behavior. Twenty Murrah buffaloes were used. After 84-day confinement, the heifers’ behavior was observed for five days. The feeding time was longer in GPR (1352.5min. than in EMP (1120.2min. and LEA (1128.1min.; the last two groups did not differ from each other. The rumination time was longer in GPR (2598.5min. than in LEA (2169.7min., and EMP had an intermediary time (2357.4min.. As for water immersion, the time was similar for EMP (1369.3min. and LEA (1289.9min. and longer in GPR (604.0min.. Implant utilization influenced feeding and rumination times

  9. Focus on treatment of lung carcinoid tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noel-Savina E

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Elise Noel-Savina,1 Renaud Descourt2 1Pulmonary Service, 2Thoracic Oncology Service, Hospital de la Cavale Blanche, CHU – Brest, Brest, France Abstract: Bronchial typical carcinoid tumors are neuroendocrine bronchopulmonary tumors with a low-grade malignancy, and an atypical carcinoid is an intermediate form of these tumors. There is a lack of knowledge on the optimal treatment for these tumors. The surgical treatment of choice consists of a lobectomy supplemented by dissection. The benefit of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is unclear. Targeted therapy could be used in this condition, but there is a lack of research recommending it. Keywords: carcinoid tumor, neuroendocrine tumor, bronchopulmonary tumor, treatment

  10. An Architecturally-Based Theory of Human Sentence Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-18

    22 hcci -I and I’ I)ave occupv firs; and second comphlement positions of Ievel spec-lP: Lt, JohnT , IA I’lftl R[m- ("F s I: Comnp V’ . ’ • ctfll .2 1...within thi s rUCtRI The richness of the Interactionis arnoiig the gramimatical constraints is the engine that builds up aChu ii king.) fie areSet Of C...thesis, The University of Nile’i an. Department of Electricral Engineering an d Computer Science. Forthcoming. John, B. FI. (; 988). Contributioias to

  11. Repérages bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-01-01

    Gouvernance – Governance AYANSO A., CHATTERJEE D., CHO D. I. (2011), “E-Government readiness index: A methodology and analysis”, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 28, n° 4, pp. 522-532. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011), Electronic Governance and Cross-Boundary Collaboration: Innovations and Advancing Tools, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 422 p. ISBN: 9781609607548 CONCHA G., ASTUDILLO H., PORRÚA M. (et al.) (2011), “E-Government procurement observatory, maturity model and early measurements”, Gove...

  12. Repérages bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    Mommolin, Sabrina

    2014-01-01

    Gouvernance – Governance AYANSO A., CHATTERJEE D., CHO D. I. (2011), “E-Government readiness index: A methodology and analysis”, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 28, n° 4, pp. 522-532. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011), Electronic Governance and Cross-Boundary Collaboration: Innovations and Advancing Tools, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 422 p. ISBN: 9781609607548 CONCHA G., ASTUDILLO H., PORRÚA M. (et al.) (2011), “E-Government procurement observatory, maturity model and early measurements”, Gove...

  13. O REMEMORAR NA NARRATIVA IBERO-AMERICANA CONTEMPORÂNEA: LITERATURA E CINEMA

    OpenAIRE

    Diogo, Rita de Cássia Miranda; Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

    2013-01-01

    No presente trabalho nos propomos a analisar a narrativaibero-americana contemporânea em suas versões literária e cinematográfica apartir da articulação dos conceitos benjaminianos em torno da noção de “perdada tradição”. Entendemos o pensamento de Walter Benjamin como constelações,cujos diferentes conceitos ao mesmo tempo que gravitam em torno da ideia de“perda da tradição”, remetem-se mutuamente. Como corpus literário, selecionamos uma obra do escritor espanhol JulioLlamazares (1997), A chu...

  14. Predicting Carbonate Ion Transport in Alkaline Anion Exchange Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Electrochemical Society , 2013. 2. Wilson K. S. Chiu, "Part 1. Role of the 3-D Electrode Microstructure on Charge Transfer, Mass Transfer, and Electrochemical Reactions in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells; Part 2. Ion and Water Transport in Alkaline Anion Exchange Membranes," technical seminar for the Army Research Laboratory (host: Dr. Deryn Chu), Adelphi, MD, August 13, 2012. (c) Presentations Number of Presentations: 2.00 Non Peer-Reviewed Conference Proceeding publications (other than abstracts): Received Paper TOTAL: Number of Non Peer-Reviewed

  15. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AL AJEELI A., AL-BASTAKI Y. A. L. (2011, Handbook of research on e-services in the public sector: e-government strategies and advancements. Hershey, PA : Information Science Reference, 523 p. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic governance and cross-boundary collaboration : innovations and advancing tools. Hershey, PA : IGI Global, 421 p. CROPF R. A., KRUMMENACHER W. S. (2011, Information Communication Technologies and the virtual public sphere: impacts of netwo...

  16. Cancers in Togo from 1984 to 2008: Epidemiological and Pathological Aspects of 5251 Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Koffi Amégbor; Tchin Darre; Koffi Didier Ayéna; Essohana Padaro; Kodjo Tengué; Anani Abalo; Gado Napo-Koura

    2011-01-01

    Objective. To describe the epidemiological and histological aspects of cancers in Togo. Materials and Methods. We made a retrospective review of the epidemiological and pathological features of cancers observed from 1984 to 2008 at the laboratory of pathology of CHU-TOKOIN in Lomé, Togo. Results. During our study period, we found 5251 cases of cancers with an annual average frequency of 210 cases. The sex ratio, male/female, was 0.9 and the average age of occurring was 45.3 years. T...

  17. INFECTION URINAIRE NOSOCOMIALE : ETUDE PROSPECTIVE DANS UNE UNITE DE REANIMATION MEDICALE A L’OUEST ALGERIEN

    OpenAIRE

    I.KARA TERKI; HASSAINE, H.; S.BELLIFA; I. M’HAMEDI; LACHACHI, M.

    2012-01-01

    L’infection urinaire nosocomiale est la plus fréquente des infections nosocomiales. Elle constitue un important risque en milieu hospitalier en terme de cout et de prise en charge. L’objectif de notre travail est d’étudier les caractéristiques d’une infection urinaire nosocomiale dans le service de réanimation du CHU de Tlemcen. L’étude a concerné 20 patients adultes dont l’âge moyen est de 52,8 ans. Le présent travail a montré que les facteurs favorisant étaient dominés ...

  18. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Effect of hot extrusion deformation on microstructure and fracture morphology of AZ31B magnesium alloy TIG weld seam LI Xiaoquan, CHU Yajie, YANG Zonghui, HE Xiancong ( School of Material Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Tech-nology, Nanjing 211167, China). pp 1-4 Abstract: Butt joining of AZ31B magnesium alloy was carried out by tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding process with itself as the filler wire, and a ceramic electric heater was devised for hot extrusion deformation of the resultant joint combining with the high temperature tensile testing machine.

  19. AGU membership applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applications for membership have been received from the following individuals. The letter after the name denotes the proposed primary section affiliation.Henry D. I. Abarbanel (O), Julia C. Allen (H), Gwendolyn L. Anson (GP), Andrew Bakun (O), C. A. Bengtson (T), Patricia A. Berge (S), Peter R. Betzer (O), Pierre Boivin (V), Michael V. Capobianco (P), Martin C. Chapman (S), Chu-Yung Chen (V), Timothy J. Clarke (S), Steven C. Constable (GP), Michele Dermer (H), G. M. Dow (T), Carl E. Draper (G), Dean A. Dunn (O), I. B. Everingham (S).

  20. CONAN; Chemistry of Nitrogen-A Nascence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    and Carbon Tetrachloride," NR 092-531, 6 (!971). 59. Berg, H.C. and Kleppner, D., "Storage Technique for Atomic Hydrogen," Rev. Sci. instrum. 3 , 248...M.J., "Nascent NO Vibrational Distribution from 2485 & NO2 Photodissociation ," J. Chem. Phys 79, 2231 (1983). 91. Her, R. R. , Sul.ivan, .. and...1964). 138. Chu, A.L., Reeves, R.R., and Halstead, J.A., "Surface-Catalvzea Formation of Electronically Excited Nitrogen Dioxide and Oxygen, ’ J

  1. Escape tectonism in the Gulf of Thailand: Paleogene left-lateral pull-apart rifting in the Vietnamese part of the Malay Basin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fyhn, Michael B.W.; Boldreel, Lars Ole; Nielsen, Lars H

    2010-01-01

    . The Vietnamese part of the Malay Basin comprises a large and deep Paleogene pull-apart basin formed through Middle or Late Eocene to Oligocene left-lateral strike-slip along NNW-trending fault zones. The Tho Chu Fault Zone constitutes a significant Paleogene left-lateral strike-slip zone most likely associated...... to distribute sinistral shearing cross the width of the basin. Extensive thermal sagging throughout the Neogene has led to the accommodation of a very thick sedimentary succession. Moderate rifting resumed during the Early Miocene following older structural fabric. The intensity of rifting increases towards...

  2. Double Cups with Phoenix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    THIS cup, unearthed at the site of an aristocrat’s tomb (No. 2 Baoshan Tomb) of the Chu State, was a vessel used during weddings in ancient times. According to the earliest account of the vessel, found in the book Liji, a new couple would use it to gargle together, which meant that they would be of one heart and one mind, and that they would love and take care of each other. Shaped like a standing phoenix, the vessel is 17.6 cm. long. The phoenix holds a pearl in its beak and its wings are spread

  3. Review of Winograd and Flores’ Understanding Computers and Cognition: A Favorable Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-01

    psychology has been reinterpreted as a form of hermeneutics : "The mental self is a story whose meaning is only interpretable in my life’s history...Library CNATRA N301 AFHRL/MOE 2500 Garden Road Naval Air Station Brooks AFB, TX 78235 Monterey, CA 93940 Corpus Christi, TX -8419 Dr. Yee-Yeen Chu Dr. John...Dept. of Computer Science Carnegie-Mellon U’niversity CNATRA Code N36, Bldg. 1 CDR Karen Reider Schenley Park NAS Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Corpus Clyristi

  4. Nuclear energy without radioactivity: Laser driven block ignition of hydrogen-lithium7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hora, Heinrich; Miley, George

    2009-11-01

    Side-on block ignition of uncompressed solid fusion fuel by multi-petawatt-picosecond laser pulses following the Chu-Bobin scheme may be possible using a drastic anomaly of laser-plasma interaction. It is essential that the laser pulses are extremely clean (contrast ratio 10^8) to avoid relativistic self-focusing^1 as shown for DT with next available laser pulses after updating the Chu-Bobin scheme.^2 Using p^11B (HB11) turned out to be only about ten times more difficult for laser fusion by this side-on ignition in contrast to impossible ignition by the usual spherical laser compression. Results for p-7Li fusion are similar to HB11. Controlled laser fusion energy may be produced with less radioactivity per energy than burning coal. [4pt] ^1H. Hora, J. Badziak et al. Phys. Plasmas, 14, 072701 (2007);[0pt] ^2H. Hora, B. Malekynia et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 011101 (2008);[0pt] ^3H. Hora, G.H. Miley et al. Laser & Part. Beams 27, (2009) doi:10.1017/8S026303460999022X.

  5. Emission characteristics of volatile organic compounds from semiconductor manufacturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chein, HungMin; Chen, Tzu Ming

    2003-08-01

    A huge amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is produced and emitted with waste gases from semiconductor manufacturing processes, such as cleaning, etching, and developing. VOC emissions from semiconductor factories located at Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsin-chu, Taiwan, were measured and characterized in this study. A total of nine typical semiconductor fabricators (fabs) were monitored over a 12-month period (October 2000-September 2001). A flame ionization analyzer was employed to measure the VOC emission rate continuously in a real-time fashion. The amount of chemical use was adopted from the data that were reported to the Environmental Protection Bureau in Hsin-chu County as per the regulation of the Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration. The VOC emission factor, defined as the emission rate (kg/month) divided by the amount of chemical use (L/month), was determined to be 0.038 +/- 0.016 kg/L. A linear regression equation is proposed to fit the data with the correlation coefficient (R2)=0.863. The emission profiles of VOCs, which were drawn using the gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer analysis method, show that isopropyl alcohol is the dominant compound in most of the fabs.

  6. Prenatal hypoxia induces increased cardiac contractility on a background of decreased capillary density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ousley Victoria

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic hypoxia in utero (CHU is one of the most common insults to fetal development and may be associated with poor cardiac recovery from ischaemia-reperfusion injury, yet the effects on normal cardiac mechanical performance are poorly understood. Methods Pregnant female wistar rats were exposed to hypoxia (12% oxygen, balance nitrogen for days 10–20 of pregnancy. Pups were born into normal room air and weaned normally. At 10 weeks of age, hearts were excised under anaesthesia and underwent retrograde 'Langendorff' perfusion. Mechanical performance was measured at constant filling pressure (100 cm H2O with intraventricular balloon. Left ventricular free wall was dissected away and capillary density estimated following alkaline phosphatase staining. Expression of SERCA2a and Nitric Oxide Synthases (NOS proteins were estimated by immunoblotting. Results CHU significantly increased body mass (P in utero. Conclusion These data offer potential mechanisms for poor recovery following ischaemia, including decreased coronary flow reserve and impaired angiogenesis with subsequent detrimental effects of post-natal cardiac performance.

  7. THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE CULTURE ORIENTATION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE SOUTH DONGTING LAKE WETLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Dongting Lake is internationally an important wetland. We studied and summarized the conception, function, classification and current situation of the wetland-landscape culture in this region. The results showed that the culture of Dongting Lake wetland was rich in diversity, which are the Rice Cultivation Culture, high-balustrade dwelling,Nuo Culture, Ship Culture, Dragon Boat Culture, Chu Culture, Ancient Architecture Landscape, Wetland Foodstuff andCuisine Culture, Civil Art, Historic Heritage and Cultural Relics, Revolutionary Sites and Ruins, and Production andLiving Culture, etc. We also evaluated the eeo-tourism value of wetland landscape culture, and analyzed its features andorientation. The results revealed that the south Dongting Lake wetland plays a key role on the Changjiang(Yangtze) Riverreaches civilization and Chinese civilization, even has great influence on the global civilization. We summarized that thesoul of the south Dongting Lake Culture was Wetland Culture, Water Culture, Rice Cultivation and Chu Culture. Thethoughts, principles and approaches of sustainable exploitation and utilization of the wetland landscape culture were formulated and suggested.

  8. Starbucks - International Strategy and Way to Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Zábranská, Marie

    2006-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá analýzou mezinárodního úspěchu společnosti Starbucks. Příčiny tohoto bezprecedentního úspěchu jsou nejprve detekovány ve vnějších faktorech a v odvětví samotném. Následuje pozorování strategických kroků společnosti od založení až po mezinárodní expanzi a podrobná deskripce interních praktik společnosti. V analytické části je pak vymezen a aplikován model, který byl vyvinut na Bocconské univerzitě v Miláně. Jednotlivé předpoklady modelu jsou porovnávány s postupem spo...

  9. 内蒙古景天属植物分类及其区系生态地理分布研究%Research on the Classification and Floristic Ecological and Geographical Distribution of Sedum in Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    呼格吉勒图; 赵一之; 宝音陶格涛

    2007-01-01

    本文试图澄清内蒙古究竟有多少种景天属植物,这些植物在内蒙古的生态分布情况.我们应用形态-地理分类的方法,对内蒙古景天属Sedum植物进行认真研究.研究认为:《内蒙古植物志》第二版记载的北景天(Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch.)和兴安景天(Sedum hsinganicum Chu.)应为费菜;确定了兴安景天(Sedum hsinganicum Chu.)和费菜(Phdeimus aizoon L.)为温带亚洲分布种;阔叶景天(Sedum roborowskii Maxim.)为青藏高原东部分布种;藓状景天(Sedum polytrichoides Hemsl.)为中国-日本分布种;内蒙古景天属植物从东部渗入了1种东亚成分,从西南部渗入了1种青藏高原成分.

  10. THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE CULTURE ORIENTATION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE SOUTH DONGTING LAKE WETLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HEPing; WANGBao-zhong

    2002-01-01

    Dongting Lake is internationally an important wetland.We summarized the conception,func-tion,classification and current situation of the wetland-landscape culture in this region.The results showed that the cul-ture of Dongting Lake wetland was rich in diversity,which are the Rice Cultivation Culture,high-balustrade dwelling,Nuo Culture,Ship Culture ,Dragon Boat Culture,Chu Culture,Ancient Architecture Landscape,Wetland Foodstuff and Cuisine Culture,Civil Art.Historic Heritage and Cultural Relics,Revolutionary Sites and Ruins,and Production and Living Culture,etc.We also evaluated the eco-tourism value of wetland landscape culture,and analyzed its features and orientation.The results revealed that the south Dongting Lake wetland plays role on the Changjiang(Yangtze)River reaches civilization and Chinese civilization,even has great influence on the global civilization.We summarized that the soul of the south Dongting Lake Culture was Wetland Culture ,Water Culture,Rice Cultivation and Chu Culture.The thoughts ,principles and approaches of sustainable exploitation and utilization of the wetland landscape culture were formulat-ed and suggested.

  11. Field and material stresses predict observable surface forces in optical and electrostatic manipulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Brandon A.; Sheppard, Cheyenne J.

    2016-09-01

    The momentum of light in media has been one of the most debated topics in physics over the past one hundred years. Originally a theoretical debate over the electrodynamics of moving media, practical applications have emerged over the past few decades due to interest in optical manipulation and nanotechnology. Resolution of the debate identifies a kinetic momentum as the momentum of the fields responsible for center of mass translations and a canonical momentum related to the coupled field and material system. The optical momentum resolution has been considered incomplete because it did not uniquely identify the full stress-energy-momentum (SEM) tensor of the field-kinetic subsystem. A consequence of this partial resolution is that the field-kinetic momentum could be described by three of the leading formulations found in the literature. The Abraham, Einstein-Laub, and Chu SEM tensors share the field-kinetic momentum, but their SEM tensors differ resulting in competing force densities. We can show now that the Abraham and Einstein-Laub formulations are invalid since their SEM tensors are not frame invariant, whereas the Chu SEM tensor satisfies relativistic principles as the field-kinetic formulation. However, a number of reports indicate that the force distribution in matter may not accurately represent experimental observations. In this correspondence, we show that the field-kinetic SEM tensor can be used along with the corresponding material subsystem to accurately predict experimental force and stress distributions. We model experimental examples from optical and static manipulation of particles and fluids.

  12. 无碍于物:论荆楚之地阴间美术现象特征%Unlimited Matter: Fine Acheron Art Phenomenal Characters in Jingchu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易磊

    2012-01-01

    通过荆楚墓葬出土器物的纹饰、形状等揭示当时荆楚阴间文化现象、美术现象,巫术思想,并略加评论。楚地阴间美术的神巫性、浪漫性,从器物中反映出来的具象与抽象结合、运动感与流动感交织的特征体现了楚地文化、宗教、信仰、艺术的杂糅,为世人展现出一个流光溢彩、诙诡谲怪的奇幻世界。%This paper, through the ornamentation and shape of burial utensils from Jingchu, reveals that Jingchu cultural phenomenon, witchcraft ideology and comment on them. The article describes the wizard and romantic art on Chu underworld. The tomb artfacts reflect combinatione from concretization and abstraction,and interweaven from sense of movement and sense of flowing. They show a Chu culture, religion, belief and art,and amblight with strange world to people.

  13. Selective carotenoid accumulation by varying nutrient media and salinity in Synechocystis sp. CCNM 2501.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paliwal, Chetan; Pancha, Imran; Ghosh, Tonmoy; Maurya, Rahulkumar; Chokshi, Kaumeel; Vamsi Bharadwaj, S V; Ram, Shristi; Mishra, Sandhya

    2015-12-01

    Nutrients are the deciding factors in the biological production of bioactive compounds. Various growth media like BG11, Zarrouk's and Chu's 10 were studied for carotenoid production in Synechocystis sp. CCNM 2501. Maximum carotenoid content (dry weight basis) was found in Zarrouk's medium (ZM, 7.99mgg(-1)) followed by BG11 (5.13mgg(-1)). Echinenone content was 4 times higher in ZM (3.81mgg(-1)) as compared to BG11 (0.95mgg(-1)) and Chu's 10 (0.77mgg(-1)). Being an economical medium, BG11 was selected for carotenoid production. Further, increase in salinity from 0 to 0.2M in BG11 medium increases total carotenoid content from 5.82 to 7.05mgg(-1) and later it declines to 6.23mgg(-1) (1M). 3 times more β-carotene is produced at 1M salinity as compared to control BG11. The variation in carotenoid composition with change in nutrients/salinity can be a good strategy to enhance certain targeted carotenoids.

  14. An assessment of aquatic ecosystem health in a temperate watershed using the index of biological integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Kwang-Guk; Choi, Shin-Sok

    2003-06-01

    The health effect of an aquatic ecosystem on habitat modifications were evaluated in the Keum river watershed, Korea during 1977-1996 using the Index of Biological Integrity (IBI) based on fish assemblages. Values of IBI, based on overall sites, averaged 35 (range: 26-45, n = 38) before dam construction, indicating a "fair health condition" based on the modified criteria of Karr and Chu (Karr, J.R.; Chu, E.W. Restoring Life in Running Waters: Better Biological Monitoring; Inland Press: Washington, DC, 1999; 206 pp.), while the values averaged 33 (range: 18-48, n = 15) after dam construction, indicating a similar ecosystem health condition in the IBI between the two periods. Marked modifications in the IBI, however, were partially observed along the longitudinal gradients from the headwaters to downstream along with variations of trophic compositions and habitat guilds. Annual mean of IBI showed significant decreases (p 20% decreases of insectivores and >25% increases of omnivores. Comparisons of habitat guilds indicated that the proportion of riffle benthic species declined linearly from 1977 to 1996 and had inverse relations (r = -0.78, p health was mainly affected by the habitat modifications.

  15. The Correct Scientific Name and the Original Plant of Zaozhu%早竹的正确学名及原植物考证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖广辉

    2016-01-01

    概述了早竹学名变动的历史沿革, 支持将Phyllostachys violascens ( Carr. ) A. et C. Riv. 作为早竹的正确学名, 而将Ph. praecox C. D. Chu et C. S. Chao减为其异名的分类学处理结果. 通过文献考证和实物照片比较分析认为, 在国产早竹复合体中, 产于浙皖毗连地区的新秆深绿带紫色、 密被白粉、 节部紫色, 老秆灰绿色或黄绿色并有暗黄色或淡褐色纵条纹, 其土名称之为 "土早竹" (也称 "宽叶早竹") 这一类型与Ph. violascens ( Carr. ) A. et C. Riv原植物相符. 而Ph. praecox C. D. Chu et C. S. Chao模式植株则为栽培品种 "余杭早竹", 但其原发表时的营养器官形态描述中混有 "土早竹" 的特征. 随着近20余年来 "土早竹"资源的锐减, 应加强其保护.

  16. A NEW INTERPRETATION ON"THE LOFTY HEADDRESS" IN LI SAO%《离骚》“高冠”新解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翙

    2011-01-01

    作为屈原形象特征的“高冠长剑”,并不是诗人用以表示自己异于众人的服饰,其只是楚国的普通士服,但却有着通神的象征意义,是楚地祭祀文化的集中体现。在诗中“高冠长剑”具有双重含义,既指通神,又喻美德。%The lofty headdress and lengthwise pendent, which are always considered as the unique appearance of Qu Yuan, don't show that they are different from the other intellects' raiment. They are just the ordinary raiment of the intellects of Chu nation, which however symbolize the communion between human and divinity and represent the witchcraft and memorial culture of Chu nation. In Li Sao, the lofty headdress and lengthwise pendent possess connotations of the communion between human and divinity and virtue.

  17. Update on the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer: focus on the cost-effectiveness of new agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vergnenègre A

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A Vergnenègre,1,4 I Borget,2 C Chouaid3,4 1Service de Pathologie Respiratoire et d'Allergologie, CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France; 2Etudes et Recherche en Économie de la Santé, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France; 3Service de Pneumologie, CHU Saint-Antoine, Paris, France; 4Inserm, U707, Paris, France Background: The incidence of lung cancer and the cost of drug treatment have increased dramatically in the last decade. This article examines the costs of new target agents, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs and anti-angiogenic drugs. Methods: This study uses PubMed research to focus on the topics of lung cancer, economics, and new targeted therapies. Results: The published papers only addressed TKIs and anti-angiogenic antibodies. For gefitinib, the results favored a clinical-based selection, despite the low number of studies. Erlotinib was studied in second line and as a maintenance treatment (with the studies reaching opposite conclusions in terms of cost-effectiveness. Economic analyses were not in favor of bevacizumab, but the studies on this topic were very heterogeneous. Conclusion: The economic impact of a drug depends on the health care system organization. Future clinical trials must include economic analyses, particularly with TKIs in the first line. Keywords: lung cancer, new target agents, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, anti-angiogenic, bevacizumab

  18. O papel de imunoglobulinas na nefropatia da leptospirose em suínos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa M.F. Gonçalves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A leptospirose é uma antropozoonose endêmica em todo o mundo, que afeta o homem e várias espécies de animais domésticos e silvestres. No início da infecção há produção de IgM para o controle da infecção e após alguns dias, IgG são produzidas e provocam lise das leptospiras circulantes. Objetivou-se neste estudo identificar depósitos de antígeno de leptospiras e imunoglobulinas no tecido renal, para avaliar o papel de imunoglobulinas na patogênese da nefropatia da leptospirose em suínos. Foram colhidas 139 amostras de sangue e rim de suínos das cidades de Teresina/PI e Timon/MA, que foram avaliadas pela SAM, imunoistoquímica e PCR. Nefrite intersticial, fibrose, vasculite, tumefação do tufo glomerular e hipercelularidade difusa foram as principais alterações histopatológicas encontradas. A imunoistoquímica detectou antígeno de leptospira em 60 suínos. Depósitos de IgG, IgM e IgA foram observados no endotélio de capilares glomerulares, dos capilares intertubulares e na cápsula de Bowman, com marcação focal, difusa, global e segmentar. A deposição de IgM e IgA foi significantemente maior nos suínos infectados. Estranhamente depósitos de IgG foi significantemente maior nos suínos não infectados, onde não havia presença de antígeno de leptospiras e nem lesão túbulo-intersticial. Concluímos que antígeno de leptospiras no rim de suínos está relacionado a depósitos de IgM e IgA mas não a depósitos de IgG.

  19. 论《国殇》为秦人所作及其相关问题%Writer of Guo Shang (国殇) and Some Relevant Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李其霞; 王伟

    2013-01-01

      《九歌・国殇》一篇之作者、作时及创作主旨,传统认为乃屈原为纪念楚国历年战争中为国牺牲之将士所作。但从《国殇》与《九歌》它篇风格之迥异及其语词绝不类于屈原所作《楚辞》它篇来看,《国殇》不仅非屈原之所作且也非《楚辞》之所属。而从《国殇》与《诗经・秦风・无衣》风格及《汉书》等文献所述秦人风尚之比较来看,《国殇》之风最近秦人。而考之《史记》等相关文献,《国殇》最有可能为秦人纪念在长平之战中死去的国中少年所作,其时间当是长平之战后即公元前260年后这一时间段。%Traditionally, Guo Shang (国殇) is thought to be written by Qu Yuan in memory of sacrificed sol-diers of the Chu in wars.In view of the wide difference of its style form other articles in Jiu Ge (九歌) and that of its words and sentences from other articles in Chu Ci (楚辞) written by Qu Yuan, it can be concluded that Guo Shang (国殇) is not written by Qu Yuan and it does not belong to Chu Ci (楚辞).In comparison with the style of Wuyi in the Book of Songs and according to the description of people in Qin in the Book of Former Han, the style of Guo Shang (国殇) is close to that of Qin’s people.Based on investigation into Historical Records and other related ma-terials, it can be deduced that the writer of Guo Shang (国殇) is most probably a person or persons in Qin to mem-orize the youth died in the War at Chang Ping after the year of 260 B.C.

  20. The brain signature of paracetamol in healthy volunteers: a double-blind randomized trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pickering G

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Gisèle Pickering,1–3 Adrian Kastler,4 Nicolas Macian,1,2 Bruno Pereira,5 Romain Valabrègue,6 Stéphane Lehericy,6 Louis Boyer,4,7 Claude Dubray,1–3 Betty Jean4 1CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, 2Centre d’Investigation Clinique – Inserm 1405, 3Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de médecine, 4CHU Gabriel Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, Service d’Imagerie Ostéo-articulaire thoracique et neurologique, 5CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Délégation Recherche Clinique et à l’Innovation, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 6Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere – ICM, Centre de NeuroImagerie de Recherche CENIR, Inserm U1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC University Paris, Paris, France, Department of Neuroradiology, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France; 7UMR CNRS UdA 6284, Clemont-Ferrand, France Background: Paracetamol’s (APAP mechanism of action suggests the implication of supraspinal structures but no neuroimaging study has been performed in humans.Methods and results: This randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled trial in 17 healthy volunteers (NCT01562704 aimed to evaluate how APAP modulates pain-evoked functional magnetic resonance imaging signals. We used behavioral measures and functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the response to experimental thermal stimuli with APAP or placebo administration. Region-of-interest analysis revealed that activity in response to noxious stimulation diminished with APAP compared to placebo in prefrontal cortices, insula, thalami, anterior cingulate cortex, and periaqueductal gray matter.Conclusion: These findings suggest an inhibitory effect of APAP on spinothalamic tracts leading to a decreased activation of higher structures, and a top-down influence on descending inhibition. Further binding and connectivity studies are needed to evaluate how APAP modulates pain, especially in the context of repeated

  1. To a Living Archive of Korean Modern Education:A Conservation Project of Appenzeller/ Noble Memorial Museum%韩国现代教育史的发源地:Appenzeler博物馆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jong Kun Kim; 王青

    2010-01-01

    @@ 培材学堂是美国传教士创办的韩国第一个新式西方体系的学校,Kim So-wǒl(1902-1934)、Na Tohyang(1902-1927)、Syngman Rhee(1875-1965)和Chu Si-gyǒng(1876-1914)就是20世纪少数几个毕业于培材学堂的韩国优秀人才.接下来我们就开始介绍这个有重大历史和文化意义的保护工程--培材学堂,它是韩国现代教育机构的先声.

  2. Huge Differences in the Kinetics of Swelling Enhancement and De-enhancement of Permanently Charged Polyelectrolyte Brushes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Xiao; Yang, Jingfa; Zhao, Jiang

    2016-10-06

    As demonstrated previously (X. Chu et al., Soft Matter 2014, 10, 5568), permanently charged polyelectrolyte brushes can experience an enhancement of swelling by exposure to an external monovalent salt solution in moderate concentrations. Beyond the previous static measurements, the kinetics of the swelling enhancement and de-enhancement were investigated in the current study by using a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D). By developing an effective approach to quantify the response in QCM-D, a vast difference in swelling enhancement and de-enhancement of a model permanently charged polyelectrolyte brush (sodium polystyrene sulfonate, NaPSS) was discovered. The results indicate new physics of the charged brushes: the difference in the attachment and detachment of counterions to the polyelectrolyte chains.

  3. [Hemorrhagic complications of anti-vitamin K].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hajje, A; Calop, N; Bosson, J L; Calop, J; Allenet, B

    2009-03-01

    Adverse events related to oral anticoagulants represent a major public health problem. Hemorrhagic episodes are the most frequent complications and can be life-threatening. A 10 month prospective survey on all cases treated with anti-vitamin K (AVK), and admitted to emergency room of CHU Grenoble, was conducted to identify the hemorrhagic adverse drug events (HADE). The evaluation support was a directive questionnaire and consisted of 3 parts: patient characteristics, patient's medicated treatment and the hemorrhagic event. 216 patients treated with AVK were identified and 68 of them presented a hemorrhagic adverse drug event. 60 patients older than 65 years out of 158, presented HADE (38%); versus 8 patients or = 5, 79% developed HADE versus 16% in the group who had their INR AVK were significant. Concerning missed dose, 48 patients declared taking the missed dose with the next dose or when they remembered: 35% of them developed HADE (p = 0.49).

  4. The complex coordinate scattering theory and the Kohn variational method: A general formulation and application to long range potentials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peskin, Uri; Moiseyev, Nimrod

    1992-11-01

    The complex coordinate scattering theory for the calculation of T-matrix elements, as was introduced by Engdahl, Moiseyev, and Maniv [J. Chem. Phys. 94, 1636 (1991)] and by Peskin and Moiseyev [J. Chem. Phys. 96, 2347 (1992)], is shown to satisfy the complex version of the Kohn variational principle introduced by Nuttall and Cohen [Phys. Rev. 188, 1542 (1969)]. This theory and the related S-matrix version of the Kohn variational principle, developed by Zhang, Chu, and Miller [J. Chem. Phys. 88, 6233, (1988)] are combined to formulate a generalized variational basis set approach for quantum scattering calculations. In this approach the Kohn variational procedure to optimize the linear parameters in the T matrix is followed by an optimization of the complex nonlinear parameters. This enables the application of the complex coordinate analytical continuation of the T matrix to the calculation of scattering probability amplitudes for long range potentials. Illustrating numerical applications to short and long range potentials are given.

  5. Les pneumopathies aigues du nourrisson en Côte d'Ivoire: apport de la radiographie thoracique dans la recherche étiologique et la prise en charge précoce

    OpenAIRE

    Nágoan, Kouamé; Nágoan-Domoua, Anne-Marie; Alihonou, Sétchéou; Konan, Anhum Nicaise

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Identifier les tableaux radio-cliniques actuels des pneumopathies aiguës du nourrisson rencontrés en Côte d'Ivoire et démontrer le rôle de la radiographie thoracique dans leur prise en charge. Méthodes Etude rétrospective de 24 mois ayant concerné l'analyse de 165 radiographies thoraciques (RT) de face réalisées chez des nourrissons âgés de 1 à 24 mois, hospitalisés dans le service de pédiatrie du CHU de Yopougon (Abidjan-Côte d'Ivoire) pour pneumopathies aigues. Les éléments épi...

  6. 战国文字中的盐字及相关问题研究%A Study of the Character "Yan 盐" in Warring States Period Writing and Related Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平安

    2004-01-01

    Based on systematically-collected data related to the character “yan 盐” in the writing of the Warring States period, the present paper makes the paleographic argument that the character“ ”in the inscriptions of Chu State slips from Baoshan is just “盐”. This is a character with associative compounds. It is made up of “lu卤” and “min 皿”, meaning making salt by boiling salty water. The exact identification of this character will much contribute to the understanding of the characters for “salt” in other writings of ancient China. The seal “ Xi (Xi) Yan Zhi Xi (徙)盐之玺”, i.e. “Seal of Salt Circulation”, was an official seal used in the course of salt circulation for the purpose to ensure regular salt trade and effective taxation and to avoid the repetition of tax levy.

  7. [Study of literature on disease in the Rongchengshi of the Warring States].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Bao-Zhen

    2011-01-01

    Many scholars have studied and disputed over the names of diseases recorded in Rongchengshi, bamboo slips of the Chu kingdon in the Warring States collected in the Shanghai Museum. According to comments of scholars and other literature it could be concluded: JinLong in slip 2 and AnLong in slip 36 means deaf-mutism; MaoFa in slip 2 means blindness; PiBi in slip 2 means lameness; ZhangZhe in slip 2 means persons who are strong and tall; An in slip 3 that it is the variant form of Ying, which means thyroid enlargement; Lou in slip 2 it means kyphosis of the spine; Xia in slip 3 it means pruritus and scabies; Δ in slip 36 means blindness; and Shang in slip 37 means bald head.

  8. 潜江市龙湾遗址群放鹰台第3号台试掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潜江市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    No. 3 platform of Longwan Crowd Ruins at Fangyingtai is one component of Longwan palace crowd ruins of the East Zhou Dynasity. Spring in 1999, Qianjang municipal museum had a trial excavation on it within 100 square metres, and gained something important, we Discovered a yellow soil foundation, some fire soil holes, tiles, Sansui of the East Zhou Dynasty, and two hollows, one square well ruin of the west zhou dynasty, and unearthed a great deal of remains of the East and West Zhou Dynasty .such as li yu jar kettle dou basin urn water-jar copper ben and so on , including living utensils and productive tools. These unearthed remnants and remains have progressive role on discussion of the Longwan palace crowd ruins of the East Zhou Dynasty and the Chu civilization.

  9. Atom Interferometers and the Gravitational Redshift

    CERN Document Server

    Sinha, Supurna

    2011-01-01

    Muller, Peters and Chu (MPC) claim that a reinterpretation of decade old experiments with atom interferometers leads to a sensitive test of the gravitational redshift effect. This claim has been disputed by Wolf et al (WBBRSC), who adduce arguments to show that MPC's claim is incorrect. In this Letter, we distill the arguments offered by WBBRSC to a single fundamental objection: an atom is not a clock ticking at the Compton frequency. We show that atom interferometric experiments conducted to date do not test the gravitational redshift effect. Our analysis is general and focuses on points of principle rather thanon the present state of technology. We then observe that it is in principle possible to use atom lasers to produce sensitive tests of the red shift effect at the Compton frequency. Such tests may become technologically realisable in the future.

  10. The role of EGFR-targeting strategies in the treatment of head and neck cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dequanter D

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Didier Dequanter, Mohammad Shahla, Pascal Paulus, Philippe H LothaireDepartment of Surgery, CHU Charleroi (Hopital Andre Vésale, Montigny le Tilleul, BelgiumAbstract: With its targeted mechanism of action and synergistic activity with current treatment modalities, cetuximab is a potentially valuable treatment option for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck who have progressed on cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The use of cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy as definitive treatment for locoregionally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck is generally restricted to patients unfit to receive cisplatin-based chemoradiation, which is still considered the standard of care. The effect of this epidermal growth factor receptor antagonist occurs without any change in the pattern and the severity of toxicity usually associated with head and neck radiation.Keywords: cetuximab, SCCHN, radiotherapy

  11. 当代土家族小说的浪漫主义精神%On the Romantic Spirit in the Contemporary Tujia Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈桃霞

    2012-01-01

    浪漫主义精神贯穿了当代土家族小说的始终,其中大胆的想象、激昂的写作情感、异域风景的展示与多种艺术手法的运用是其浪漫精神的主要表现形式,这种浪漫特性在地域文化上与楚文化传统是一脉相承的。%The Romantic spirit can be seen throughout the contemporary Tujia novels, which is always characterized with bold imagination, passionate emotion of the writing, the display of exotic scenery and the use of a variety of artistic techniques. Such a romantic feature, if considered from the aspect of geographical culture, comes down in one continuous line with the Chu cultural traditions.

  12. Minimum Q Electrically Small Antennas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, O. S.

    2012-01-01

    Theoretically, the minimum radiation quality factor Q of an isolated resonance can be achieved in a spherical electrically small antenna by combining TM1m and TE1m spherical modes, provided that the stored energy in the antenna spherical volume is totally suppressed. Using closed-form expressions...... for the stored energies obtained through the vector spherical wave theory, it is shown that a magnetic-coated metal core reduces the internal stored energy of both TM1m and TE1m modes simultaneously, so that a self-resonant antenna with the Q approaching the fundamental minimum is created. Numerical results...... for a multiarm spherical helix antenna confirm the theoretical predictions. For example, a 4-arm spherical helix antenna with a magnetic-coated perfectly electrically conducting core (ka=0.254) exhibits the Q of 0.66 times the Chu lower bound, or 1.25 times the minimum Q....

  13. Miniaturization of Spherical Magnetodielectric Antennas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Vejle

    The fundamental limitations in performance of electrically small antennas (ESAs) - and how far these may be approached - have been of great interest for over a century. Particularly over the past few decades, it has become increasingly relevant and important, to approach these limits in view...... to the important antenna parameters of radiation efficiency e and impedance bandwidth. For single-mode antennas the fundamental minimum Q is the Chu lower bound. In this Ph.D. dissertation, the topic is miniaturization of spherical antennas loaded by an internal magnetodielectric core. The goal is to determine......, quantify, and assess the effects of an internal material loading upon antenna performance, including its potentials towards miniaturization. Emphasis have been upon performing an exhaustive and exact analysis of rigorous validity covering a large class of spherical antennas. In the context of this study...

  14. Big data in pharmacy practice: current use, challenges, and the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma C

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Carolyn Ma, Helen Wong Smith, Cherie Chu, Deborah T JuarezDepartment of Pharmacy Practice, The Daniel K Inouye College of Pharmacy, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI, USAAbstract: Pharmacy informatics is defined as the use and integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the medication-use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes. The term “big data” has been coined and is often defined in three V's: volume, velocity, and variety. This paper describes three major areas in which pharmacy utilizes big data, including: 1 informed decision making (clinical pathways and clinical practice guidelines; 2 improved care delivery in health care settings such as hospitals and community pharmacy practice settings; and 3 quality performance measurement for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid and medication management activities such as tracking medication adherence and medication reconciliation.Keywords: clinical pharmacy data base, pharmacy informatics, patient outcomes

  15. Tombs of the Zhou period in Madong Village,Hezhou City,Guangxi%广西贺州市马东村周代墓葬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺州市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    There is an ancient cemetery at Madong village, Shatian town, Hezhou city lying to the south of the Five Ridges on the boundary between Chu and Yue. In 1996, two of the tombs were excavated by the Hezhou Municipal Museum. Both are earth shafts, Tomb M1 being small-sized while M2 having a L-shaped plan. They were found to be damaged seriously: only the tomb bottom remains in both cases. The funeral objects are all bronzes, which belong to the lei pot, ding tripod, yongzhong handled bell, spear, short sword, yue battle axe. adze, arrowhead, etc. Showing no distinct local features, they suggest that local bronzes were cast in imitation of those of the Shang and Zhou cultures in the Central Plains and represented the early bronze culture in the area south of the Five Ridges. The two tombs go back roughly to the turn from the late Western Zhou to the early Spring and Autumn period.

  16. J/$\\psi$ suppression in Au+Au collisions at RHIC colour screening scenario in the bag model at variable participant numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, M; Menon, V J; Dubey, Ritesh Kumar

    2007-01-01

    We have modified the theory of Chu and Matsui by properly incorporating bag model equation of state for quark gluon plasma (QGP). We have also chosen the pressure parametrization rather than parametrizing energy density in the transverse plane. We assume that the QGP dense medium is expanding in the longitudinal direction obeying Bjorken boost invariant scaling law. Sequential melting of $\\chi_c$, $\\psi^{'}$ and $J/\\psi$ is also considered in this scenario. We have applied above formulation to the recent PHENIX experimental data of $J/\\psi$ suppression in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. We find that the model gives a good description of data at mid-rapidity in terms of survival probability versus number of participants without any necessity of implementing (3+1)-dimensional expansion of the deconfined medium.

  17. 雷曼——疯狂兔子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    枫红一刀流

    2007-01-01

    本作不是一代的横版动作,也不像二代和三代那样拥有连续的冒险情节。在本作中雷曼被兔子家族囚禁在竞技场中渡过15天的时光,每天都要挑战5个关卡,以博取兔子们的信任并得到通关奖励——通便器(皮掳[chu āi]子),这是雷曼逃出囚室的重要道具。

  18. An Algebraic Graphical Model for Decision with Uncertainties, Feasibilities, and Utilities

    CERN Document Server

    Pralet, C; Verfaillie, G; 10.1613/jair.2151

    2011-01-01

    Numerous formalisms and dedicated algorithms have been designed in the last decades to model and solve decision making problems. Some formalisms, such as constraint networks, can express "simple" decision problems, while others are designed to take into account uncertainties, unfeasible decisions, and utilities. Even in a single formalism, several variants are often proposed to model different types of uncertainty (probability, possibility...) or utility (additive or not). In this article, we introduce an algebraic graphical model that encompasses a large number of such formalisms: (1) we first adapt previous structures from Friedman, Chu and Halpern for representing uncertainty, utility, and expected utility in order to deal with generic forms of sequential decision making; (2) on these structures, we then introduce composite graphical models that express information via variables linked by "local" functions, thanks to conditional independence; (3) on these graphical models, we finally define a simple class ...

  19. Post-Main Sequence Evolution of Debris Discs

    CERN Document Server

    Bonsor, Amy

    2010-01-01

    The population of debris discs on the main sequence is well constrained, however very little is known about debris discs around evolved stars. In this work we provide a theoretical framework that considers the effects of stellar evolution on debris discs; firstly considering the evolution of an individual disc from the main sequence through to the white dwarf phase, then extending this to the known population of debris discs around main sequence A stars. It is found that discs around evolved stars are harder to detect than on the main sequence. In the context of our models discs should be detectable with Herschel or Alma on the giant branch, subject to the uncertain effect of sublimation on the discs. The best chances are for hot young white dwarfs, fitting nicely with the observations e.g the helix nebula (Su et al. 2007) and 9 systems presented by Chu & Bilikova.

  20. Caractéristiques de l'association diabète type 2 et hypertension artérielle chez le sujet âgé de 65 ans et plus

    OpenAIRE

    Diyane, Khadija; El Ansari, Nawal; El Mghari, Ghizlane; Anzid, Karim; Cherkaoui, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Introduction L'HTA du diabétique âgé est particulière par sa fréquence et sa gravité. Cette association HTA-diabète type 2 (DT2) est particulièrement fréquente chez la personne âgée, et responsable d'une majoration du risque cardiovasculaire et d'une accélération de l'atteinte dégénérative du diabète. Méthodes Etude descriptive, concernant 100 patients diabétiques de type 2 hypertendus âgés de 65 ans ou plus, suivis au service d'endocrinologie-diabétologie du CHU de Marrakech, du mois de Nove...

  1. "Snorkeling" for missing players in cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taulli, Riccardo; Pandolfi, Pier Paolo

    2012-08-01

    Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are emerging as an important new class of genes deregulated in cancer. Orphans snoRNAs are encoded outside of ribosomal protein genes and are involved in either gene splicing or are microRNA precursors. In this issue of JCI, Chu et al. find that ACA11, an orphan snoRNA encoded in an intron of the WHSC1 gene, is aberrantly overexpressed in t(4;14)-positive patients with multiple myeloma (MM), in which it influences growth of MM cells, resistance to chemotherapy, and oxidative stress. These findings represent the first identification of a snoRNA overexpressed as a consequence of a chromosomal translocation, a potent driving force of the neoplastic process in general and hematopoietic malignancies in particular.

  2. 钱币八政首 价贵靠威令——论刘基的货币思想%On Liu Ji's Thoughts on Currency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈端民

    2011-01-01

    刘基的货币思想体现在五个方面:钱币八政首,功在通有无;楮币多若土,扬火自焚躯;世人积金贻子孙,一朝金尽难复论;钱币相比较,好丑天然殊;钱币无用物,价贵靠威令。%There are mainly five aspects of Liu Ji's thoughts on currency: Money Occupies the first place among the eight administrative assignments,which functions the circulation of goods;Chu notes are released too much,which will definitely bring disasters just a

  3. On the evolution of word usage of classical Chinese poetry

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Liang

    2015-01-01

    The hierarchy of classical Chinese poetry has been broadly acknowledged by a number of studies in Chinese literature. However, quantitative investigations about the evolution of classical Chinese poetry are limited. The primary goal of this study is to provide quantitative evidence of the evolutionary linkages, with emphasis on word usage, among different period genres for classical Chinese poetry. Specifically, various statistical analyses were performed to find and compare the patterns of word usage in the poems of nine period genres, including shi jing, chu ci, Han shi , Jin shi, Tang shi, Song shi, Yuan shi, Ming shi, and Qing shi. The result of analysis indicates that each of nine period genres has unique patterns of word usage, with some Chinese characters being preferably used by the poems of a particular period genre. The analysis on the general pattern of word preference implies a decreasing trend in the use of ancient Chinese characters along the timeline of dynastic types of classical Chinese poetr...

  4. Internal Social Media: A New Kind of Participatory Organizational Communication?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Vibeke Thøis

    of the dissertation especially draws on theories of employee voice and silence (Brinsfield, 2014; Morrison, 2011, 2014) and of imagined audiences on social media (Litt, 2012; Marwick and boyd, 2011) in order to understand the dynamics driving coworker communication on ISM. Additionally, ISM adoption literature (Chu...... study in Jyske Bank. The three articles included in this thesis are based on these two studies and presents three different perspectives on ISM. The first article “Challenges of Introducing Internal Social Media: ISM coordinators’ Roles and Perceptions of Communication on ISM” views ISM from...... that coworker interpretation and sensemaking of ISM is decisive to how ISM is used, and that the ISM coordinator can play an important role as a facilitator and sensemaker in relation to ISM. The second article “Constructing Organizational Identity on Internal Social Media: A Case Study of Coworker...

  5. Testing the Gravitational Redshift with Atomic Gravimeters?

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2011-01-01

    Atom interferometers allow the measurement of the acceleration of freely falling atoms with respect to an experimental platform at rest on Earth's surface. Such experiments have been used to test the universality of free fall by comparing the acceleration of the atoms to that of a classical freely falling object. In a recent paper, M\\"uller, Peters and Chu [Nature {\\bf 463}, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometers also provide a very accurate test of the gravitational redshift (or universality of clock rates). Considering the atom as a clock operating at the Compton frequency associated with the rest mass, they claimed that the interferometer measures the gravitational redshift between the atom-clocks in the two paths of the interferometer at different values of gravitational potentials. In the present paper we analyze this claim in the frame of general relativity and of different alternative theories, and conclude that the interpretation of atom interferometers as testing the gravitational redshift ...

  6. PERFORMANCES ANALYTIQUES DE DEUX TROUSSES DE DOSAGE DE LA THYROGLOBULINE : EXPERIENCE CHEZ LES PATIENTS ATTEINTS DE CANCER THYROIDIEN

    OpenAIRE

    ACIMI, Amira; BEDJAOUI, SEBAA Chahinez; BOUKLI HACENE, Nadia

    2014-01-01

    La thyroglobuline est un marqueur des cancers différenciés de la thyroïde. Après thyroïdectomie totale et sous traitement freinateur par la L thyroxine, la présence d'un taux décelable de thyroglobuline signe la présence d'un reliquat de tissu thyroïdien, sain ou cancéreux. Le suivi biologique de la hTg effectué au niveau du laboratoire du service de médecine nucléaire du CHU Tlemcen se fait habituellement par la trousse Cis bio international IRMA considéré comme « Gold stan...

  7. Remote sensing techniques for high mountain environment analysis; Utilizzo di tecniche di telerilevamento per lo studio dell`ambiente in alta montagna

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antoninetti, Massimo; Pepe, Monica [CNR, Milan (Italy). Istituto di Ricerca sul Rischio Sismico

    1997-05-01

    Mountain air and water pollution can seriously affect the health of people, animal and plant species. It is very important to understand and calculate the scale of different pollution phenomena. They can start in mountain areas and be exported from them or these areas can be influenced by air and water pollution from far away. In the framework of the Italian EV-K2-CNR Project (High Mountain Scientific and Technologic Researches) a Geographic Information System has been planned to modelling the effects of the interactions between the meteoric waters and the soils (geochemical characteristics, morphology and so on) in the Khumbu Valley, Nepal. The collision between India and Eurasia at the southern margin of Tibet appears to be responsible for the active tectonics throughout much of eastern Asia. The study area, which corresponds to the Phung-Chu / Arun region in the Tibetan Himalayas, has been analysed by photo interpretation of different remotely sensed images.

  8. Operation of Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    3.1 Annual Report of SPR Operation Chu Shaochu Having overseen by National Nuclear Safety Administration and specialists, the reactor restarted up successfully after Safety renovation on April 16, 1996. In August 1996 the normal operation of SPR was approved by the authorities of Naitonal Nuclear Safety Administration. 1 Operation status In 1996, the reactor operated safely for 40 d and the energy released was about 137.3 MW·d. The operation status of SPR is shown in table 1. The reactor started up to higher power (power more than 1 MW) and lower power (for physics experiments) 4 times and 14 times respectively. Measurement of control rod efficiency and other measurement tasks were 2 times and 5 times respectively.

  9. Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlmutter, Saul

    2012-01-13

    The Department of Energy (DOE) hosted an event Friday, January 13, with 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter. Dr. Perlmutter, a physicist at the Department’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.” DOE’s Office of Science has supported Dr. Perlmutter’s research at Berkeley Lab since 1983. After the introduction from Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Dr. Perlmutter delivered a presentation entitled "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize." [Copied with editing from DOE Media Advisory issued January 10th, found at http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-host-event-2011-physics-nobel-laureate-saul-perlmutter

  10. Overview of guidelines for the prevention and treatment of venous leg ulcers: a US perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    White-Chu EF

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available E Foy White-Chu,1 Teresa A Conner-Kerr2 1Oregon Health and Science University, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR, 2Winston-Salem State University, Department of Physical Therapy, Winston Salem, NC, USA Abstract: Comprehensive care of chronic venous insufficiency and associated ulcers requires a multipronged and interprofessional approach to care. A comprehensive treatment approach includes exercise, nutritional assessment, compression therapy, vascular reconstruction, and advanced treatment modalities. National guidelines, meta-analyses, and original research studies provide evidence for the inclusion of these approaches in the patient plan of care. The purpose of this paper is to review present guidelines for prevention and treatment of venous leg ulcers as followed in the US. The paper further explores evidence-based yet pragmatic tools for the interprofessional team to use in the management of this complex disorder. Keywords: venous insufficiency, varicose ulcer, wound, compression bandages

  11. Planeamiento de la transmisión considerando seguridad e incertidumbre en la demanda empleando programación no lineal y técnicas evolutivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Andrés Bolaños Ocampo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a methodology for solving the Transmission Expansion Planning Problem considering single contingencies (N-1 and future demand uncertainty. To solve this problem, a specialized Chu-Beasley Genetic Algorithm (CBGA is used so that investment plans can be suggested. These plans are evaluated through a Higher Order Interior Point Method for Linear Programming or through a Predictor Corrector Method. Additionally, initialization of the CBGA is carried out using Non-linear Interior Point. The methodology is validated using three test systems from the specialized literature: 46-Bus South-Brazilian, IEEE 24-Bus, and a 6-Bus Garver system. Results demonstrate the validity of this approach to solving the transmission planning problem when contingencies are considered; which is attained by finding expansion plans of minimum cost.

  12. Justin Bieber, do doc ao Instagram: a estetização da vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Tavares

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Alguns documentários biográficos de celebridades reafirmam um modelo de produção audiovisual que encerra a história de vida no show e na fama, articulando o tensionamento entre biografia, tecnologia, experiência estética e afeto. Tais imbricamentos são ainda mais visíveis quando considerada a fruição desta celebridade, “consumida” em outras possibilidades biográficas que remixa webvideos postados no Youtube e/ou fotos no Instagram. Para discutir estas questões, o artigo destaca Justin Bieber, tendo como ponto de partida o documentário Justin Bieber – Never Say Never (2011, de Jon M. Chu e o Instagram, em um recorte que privilegia a experiência dos desejos dos fãs.

  13. Méthotrexate et psoriasis: à propos de 46 cas

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Le psoriasis est une maladie inflammatoire chronique, son traitement peut être local ou général. Le méthotrexate (MTX) est parmi les traitements systémiques du psoriasis modéré à sévère. Le but de notre étude est d’évaluer la place du MTX dans le traitement du psoriasis dans notre contexte marocain. C'est une étude rétrospective menée au service de dermatologie du CHU HASSAN II FES de 2010 à 2013. 46 patients ont répondus aux critères d'inclusions. Il s'agissait de patients de sexe masculin d...

  14. Managing medical treatment waste and effluent: the point of view of a nuclear medicine practitioner; Gestion des dechets et effluents issus de traitements medicaux: le point de vue d'un praticien de medecine nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karcher, G. [Chef du Service de medecine nucleaire de l' Hopital d' adultes de Brabois - CHU, 54 - Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) (France)

    2011-02-15

    The nuclear medicine department of the Nancy CHU hospital is one of the largest in France: 16.000 patients are welcomed each year and 4.000 persons undergo a tomography there. 5 shielded and isolated rooms, dedicated to Iodine{sup 131} treatment, allow the care of 150 to 200 patients each year. The head of the nuclear medicine department gives his meaning about the new regulation on the management of radioactive effluents. According to him, regulations are necessary but the values of the imposed thresholds have to be scientifically justified. Another point is that a lot of money is spent on radiation protection issues while the radioactive risks are almost null, which leads to wasting money. The elaboration of the radioprotection regulations must be made not as a whole but on a specific basis according to the domain: nuclear power plants, research reactors or nuclear medicine, it applies. (A.C.)

  15. Arborification de Wikip\\'edia et analyse s\\'emantique explicite stratifi\\'ee - Wikipedia Arborification and Stratified Explicit Semantic Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Haralambous, Yannis

    2012-01-01

    We present an extension of the Explicit Semantic Analysis method by Gabrilovich and Markovitch. Using their semantic relatedness measure, we weight the Wikipedia categories graph. Then, we extract a minimal spanning tree, using Chu-Liu-Edmonds' algorithm. We define a notion of stratified tfidf where the stratas, for a given Wikipedia page and a given term, are the classical tfidf and categorical tfidfs of the term in the ancestor categories of the page (ancestors in the sense of the minimal spanning tree). Our method is based on this stratified tfidf, which adds extra weight to terms that "survive" when climbing up the category tree. We evaluate our method by a text classification on the WikiNews corpus: it increases precision by 18%. Finally, we provide hints for future research.

  16. The Quasi-Static Electromagnetic Approximation for Weakly Conducting Media

    CERN Document Server

    Heubrandtner, T

    2002-01-01

    In a conducting dielectric charge and electric field decay with a time constant tau_R = \\varepsilon/\\sigma. In a weakly conducting medium, as e.g. glass or melamine-phenolic laminate in use in RPC's, this time is about 10^{-3} s; so it is long as compared to the time the charge cloud needs to move through the gap and to the time the signal needs to propagate through a dielectric to the electrode. A quasi-static theory to deal with transient phenomena in weakly conducting media has been developed in Haus and Melcher (1989), Fano, Chu and Adler (1963); it simplifies the analysis considerably since it requires only the solution of a scalar diffusion-type equations in place of the time-dependent Maxwell equations. This little known theory is applied to treat the generation of signals in simple models for chambers with such materials.

  17. Isolation and Characterization of Native Microalgae from the Peruvian Amazon with Potential for Biodiesel Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianela Cobos

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Biodiesel production from microalgae triacylglycerols is growing, because this feedstock is a more sustainable and advantageous alternative. In this study, we isolated and identified fourteen strains of native microalgae from the Peruvian Amazon. These strains showed great heterogeneity in biomass productivity, lipid productivity and lipid content, and thus, three of them (Acutodesmus obliquus, Ankistrodesmus sp. and Chlorella lewinii were selected for further evaluation under culture of nitrogen-sufficient (+N and nitrogen-deficient (−N Chu medium No. 10. These microalgae species showed modifications in biomolecule content (protein, lipid and carbohydrate with a pronounced increase of lipids and carbohydrate and a decrease of protein content under stress culture. Furthermore, the fatty acid profile was peculiar for each species, and these patterns showed evident changes, particularly in the proportion of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. The results of this research suggest that the isolated native microalgae, from the Peruvian Amazon, could be suitable candidates for biodiesel production

  18. Determining Foundry Area of Bronze Vessel Using REE in Clay Mould Residues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The composition of casting clay core might provide clue to the foundry area of the bronze vessels. REE analysis of the residual clay mould was conducted by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES). Results reveal that characteristic of REE of clay mould from different region is dissimilar. It is feasible to restrict the possible foundry area of the bronze vessels on the basis of analysis of REE of clay mould residues on the bronzes. Meanwhile, this paper attempts to determine the foundry area of the bronze vessels unearthed at Jiuliandun tombs of Chu State, dated back to Warring States Period, in Zaoyang City, Hubei Province, and at Zuozhong cemetery, Spring and Autumn Period, in Jingmen City, Hubei Province. REE of clay core provides information on the foundry area of bronze vessels.

  19. Rigidity of complete noncompact bach-flat n-manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yawei; Feng, Pinghua

    2012-11-01

    Let (Mn,g) be a complete noncompact Bach-flat n-manifold with the positive Yamabe constant and constant scalar curvature. Assume that the L2-norm of the trace-free Riemannian curvature tensor R∘m is finite. In this paper, we prove that (Mn,g) is a constant curvature space if the L-norm of R∘m is sufficiently small. Moreover, we get a gap theorem for (Mn,g) with positive scalar curvature. This can be viewed as a generalization of our earlier results of 4-dimensional Bach-flat manifolds with constant scalar curvature R≥0 [Y.W. Chu, A rigidity theorem for complete noncompact Bach-flat manifolds, J. Geom. Phys. 61 (2011) 516-521]. Furthermore, when n>9, we derive a rigidity result for R<0.

  20. Optical Solitons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J. R.

    2005-08-01

    1. Optical solitons in fibres: theoretical review A. Hasegawa; 2. Solitons in optical fibres: an experimental account L. F. Mollenauer; 3. All-optical long-distance soliton-based transmission systems K. Smith and L. F. Mollenauer; 4. Nonlinear propagation effects in optical fibres: numerical studies K. J. Blow and N. J. Doran; 5. Soliton-soliton interactions C. Desem and P. L. Chu; 6. Soliton amplification in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers and its application to soliton communication M. Nakazawa; 7. Nonlinear transformation of laser radiation and generation of Raman solitons in optical fibres E. M. Dianov, A. B. Grudinin, A. M. Prokhorov and V. N. Serkin; 8. Generation and compression of femtosecond solitons in optical fibers P. V. Mamyshev; 9. Optical fibre solitons in the presence of higher order dispersion and birefringence C. R. Menyuk and Ping-Kong A. Wai; 10. Dark optical solitons A. M. Weiner; 11. Soliton Raman effects J. R. Taylor; Bibliography; Index.

  1. Thomas-fermi approach to nuclear mass formula (I). Spherical nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, A. K.; Arcoragi, J.-P.; Pearson, J. M.; Behrman, R.; Tondeur, F.

    1986-09-01

    With a view to having a more secure basis for the nuclear mass formula than is provided by the drop(let) model, we make a preliminary study of the possibilities offered by the Skyrme-ETF method. Two ways of incorporating shell effects are considered: the "Strutinsky-integral" method of Chu et al., and the "expectation-value" method of Brack et al. Each of these methods is compared with the HF method in an attempt to see how reliably they extrapolate from the known region of the nuclear chart out to the neutron-drip line. The Strutinsky-integral method is shown to perform particularly well, and to offer a promising approach to a more reliable mass formula.

  2. Epilepsia partialis continua present with shoulder joint-trunk-hip joint rhythmic clonic seizure: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lv YD

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Yudan Lv, Zan Wang, Fengna Chu, Chang Liu, Hongmei Meng Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, ChangChun, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC is a particular type of epilepsy which is distinguished from “common epilepsy” by its characteristic semiological features. However, unusual manifestations should be described in order to give awareness at clinical diagnosis. In this case report we describe a rare EPC case not previously reported, in which left shoulder joint-trunk-hip joint jerk was present for 1 week. Abnormal electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid results supported a diagnosis of viral encephalitis. Antiepileptic treatment seemed effective. Our report emphasizes that a detailed functional anatomical analysis and synchronized electroencephalogram discharge should be done to avoid misdiagnosis in patients with synchronic shoulder-trunk-hip jerk symptoms. Keywords: EPC, shoulder-trunk-hip, EEG, clonic seizure, virus encephalitis

  3. La grossesse multiple en assistance médicale à la procréation : fécondation in vitro et injection intra cytoplasmique de spermatozoïde versus insemination intra utérine

    OpenAIRE

    Freslon, Céline

    2014-01-01

    L'assistance médicale à la procréation a connu une évolution importante et représente 2,8% des naissances en France en 2011. L'enjeu majeur concernant l'AMP est le risque de grossesse multiple, source de complications obstétricales et néonatales. L'objectif de notre étude consiste à évaluer les taux de grossesses multiples en FIV/ICSI versus en IIU et les complications obstétricales et néonatales associées appliquées aux données du Centre d'AMP du CHU Estaing (Clermont-Ferrand). Nous avons ré...

  4. Prof.Yu Weichao's Life%俞伟超先生生平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国国家博物馆

    2004-01-01

    Prof. Yu Weichao, a famous archaeologist and the former Director of the Museum of Chinese History, passed away on December 5, 2003, at the age of 70, from an incurable disease. As a master of great learning and integrity of our time, Prof. Yu not only cultivated for our country a great amount of talent specialized personnel in archaeology, but also carried out researches as the main pioneer of Qin-Han archaeology. In the archaeology of the Neolithic Age and studies of the Chu culture, he also obtained authoritative research accomplishments. Prof. Yu fought all his life for the cause of Chinese archaeology and museology. His unfortunate passing away is a great loss for the cause of archaeology.

  5. An investigation into the Gustafsson limit for small planar antennas using optimisation

    CERN Document Server

    Shahpari, Morteza; Lewis, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    The fundamental limit for small antennas provides a guide to the effectiveness of designs. Gustafsson et al, Yaghjian et al, and Mohammadpour-Aghdam et al independently deduced a variation of the Chu-Harrington limit for planar antennas in different forms. Using a multi-parameter optimisation technique based on the ant colony algorithm, planar, meander dipole antenna designs were selected on the basis of lowest resonant frequency and maximum radiation efficiency. The optimal antenna designs across the spectrum from 570 to 1750 MHz occupying an area of $56mm \\times 25mm$ were compared with these limits calculated using the polarizability tensor. The results were compared with Sievenpiper's comparison of published planar antenna properties. The optimised antennas have greater than 90% polarizability compared to the containing conductive box in the range $0.3

  6. US-China Clean Energy Research Center on Building Energy Efficiency: Materials that Improve the Cost-Effectiveness of Air Barrier Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hun, Diana E. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-12-01

    The US–China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) was launched in 2009 by US Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Chinese Minister of Science and Technology Wan Gang, and Chinese National Energy Agency Administrator Zhang Guobao. This 5-year collaboration emerged from the fact that the United States and China are the world’s largest energy producers, energy consumers, and greenhouse gas emitters, and that their joint effort could have significant positive repercussions worldwide. CERC’s main goal is to develop and deploy clean energy technologies that will help both countries meet energy and climate challenges. Three consortia were established to address the most pressing energy-related research areas: Advanced Coal Technology, Clean Vehicles, and Building Energy Efficiency (BEE). The project discussed in this report was part of the CERC-BEE consortia; its objective was to lower energy use in buildings by developing and evaluating technologies that improve the cost-effectiveness of air barrier systems for building envelopes.

  7. [Epidemiology of invasive group A streptococcal infections in developed countries : the Canadian experience with necrotizing fasciitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovetchkine, Ph; Bidet, Ph; Minodier, Ph; Frère, J; Bingen, E

    2014-11-01

    In industrialized countries, group A streptococcal infections were a source of concern, mainly due to the occurrence of rheumatic fever and its cardiac complications. At present, the incidence of rheumatic fever is decreasing in these countries, giving way to an increasing occurrence of invasive streptococcal group A infections with high level of morbidity and mortality. Streptococcal necrotizing fasciitis, a specific entity, emerged these last decades, often in association with chickenpox. The introduction of the varicella vaccine in the province of Quebec routine immunization program, was followed by a significant decrease in the number of necrotizing fasciitis or other skin and soft-tissues infections in our pediatric population. However, in our experience at the CHU Sainte-Justine, this immunization program has not been helpful to reduce the overall incidence of invasive group A streptococcal infections. Conversely, an increase in the number of pleuro-pulmonary and osteo-articular infections was observed.

  8. P-Loop Oscillator on Clifford Manifolds and Black Hole Entropy

    CERN Document Server

    Castro, C; Castro, Carlos; Granik, Alex

    2000-01-01

    A new relativity theory, or more concretely an extended relativity theory, actively developed by one of the authors incorporated 3 basic concepts. They are the old Chu's idea about bootstarpping, Nottale's scale relativity, and enlargement of the conventional time-space by inclusion of noncommutative Clifford manifolds where all p-branes are treated on equal footing. The latter allowed one to write a master action functional. The resulting functional equation is simplified and applied to the p-loop oscillator. Its respective solution is a generalization of the conventional point oscillator. In addition , it exhibits some novel features: an emergence of two explicit scales delineating the asymptotic regimes (Planck scale region and a smooth region of a conventional point oscillator). In the most interesting Planck scale regime, the solution reproduces in an elementary fashion the basic relations of string theory (including string tension quantization). In addition, it is shown that comparing the massive (super...

  9. Reduction of PAPR and Efficient detection ordering scheme for MIMO Transmission Systems Using Power Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Sreevani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The technical challenges for communication engineers is the development of best performance wireless networks with negligible amount of distortions. We have to consider multipath propagation attenuation and radio spectrum inefficiency. Now a days, In MIMO (Multi Input Multi Output systems there is a huge demand for the networks with the high transmission rates and better quality of service which are having low PAPR ratio. Instead of OFDMA, filter banks are used in massive MIMO to reduce the complexity. But they are error prone to noise. This base paper discusses about PAPR reduction in MIMO systems using different precoding based OFDM systems. Mainly, minimization of multi-antenna systems by controlling the transmission power and reduction of PAPR using ZC (Zadoff-Chu matrix transform.

  10. Rupture prématurée des membranes entre 34 et 35 + 6 SA : étude sur le devenir néonatal en fonction de la prise en charge, déclenchement vs expectative

    OpenAIRE

    Viars, Mélanie

    2013-01-01

    La rupture prématurée des membranes (RPM) avant terme complique 2 à 3% des grossesses. À partir de 34 SA, la prise en charge est controversée : déclencher le travail ou adopter une attitude expectative ? Notre étude, portant sur 55 grossesses ayant présenté une RPM avant terme, réalisée au CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, a pour objectif de comparer l'état néonatal en fonction de la prise en charge, déclenchement versus expectative. La différence entre le taux de détresse respiratoire et le taux d'in...

  11. Prise en charge obstétricale de la femme obèse sévère ou morbide : pronostic obstétrical, accouchement et déclenchement

    OpenAIRE

    Godefroid, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    Les grossesses des femmes obèses nécessitent un suivi particulier du fait des risques existants. Il est difficile pour les soignants de les prendre en charge, le déroulement du travail différant en comparaison des autres femmes et il existe un taux plus important de césariennes et de déclenchements. Il s'agit d'une étude descriptive observationnelle réalisée sur 3 ans au CHU Estaing. Les patientes retenues possédaient un IMC supérieur ou égal à 35 kg/m². L'objectif était d'observer la réalisa...

  12. 宋玉《讽赋》之讽%Critics on Feng Fu by Songyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘刚

    2012-01-01

    Feng Fu written by Songyu is a piece of critics on the statement of "Chu Xiangwang is lecherous". It generalizes the rules of female' s showing of love and basic principles of male' s self-control, which provides references for monarchs to identify woman' s charm. The nature of it is to prevent obscene.%宋玉的《讽赋》是针对“楚襄王好女色”的专题讽谏文章,全文借自我辩白,概括了女性示爱的典型规律和男性自律的基本规范,为君王认知女色和应对女色提供了经验性借鉴,其讽谏的实质是止欲与戒淫。

  13. Caracterização isoenzimática de genótipos de arroz Isoenzymatic characterization of rice genotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Bonow

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, caracterizar isoenzimaticamente genótipos de arroz (Oryza sativa L.. A produtividade do arroz irrigado no Rio Grande do Sul é elevada, em virtude da alta tecnologia e sistema de irrigação usados, associados ao potencial alcançado pelas cultivares desenvolvidas através de melhoramento genético. Apenas seis ancestrais contribuem com 86% dos genes das cultivares mais plantadas. Como conseqüência desta estreita base genética, as cultivares apresentam um alto grau de parentesco e de similaridade de suas características morfológicas e agronômicas, o que dificulta a identificação varietal. A concorrência com genótipos, como arroz-vermelho e arroz-preto, de difícil controle por serem da mesma espécie que os cultivados, é considerada como um dos maiores problemas da cultura. Análises de isoenzimas podem ser usadas para o estudo da variabilidade e para estimar as relações genéticas existentes entre estes genótipos. Eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida foi empregada, portanto, para caracterizar, através de isoenzimas de esterase, 6fosfogluconato desidrogenase, fosfoglucoisomerase e isocitrato desidrogenase em sementes e folhas de plântulas, e de fosfatase ácida e aspartato transaminase em folhas de plântulas, as cultivares BR-IRGA 409, BR-IRGA 410, BRS 6 ('Chuí', BRS 7 ('Taim', BRS Agrisul, INIA Taquari, El Paso L 144 e IRGA 417, e ecótipos de arroz-vermelho e arroz-preto. A análise de agrupamento, efetuada por meio do coeficiente de Jaccard e pelo método da média aritmética não ponderada (UPGMA, possibilitou a diferenciação de todos os genótipos, à exceção de BRS 6 ('Chuí' e BRS 7 ('Taim'. Três grupos foram identificados, incluindo-se, em um deles, os ecótipos de arroz-vermelho e arroz-preto, que apresentaram 95% de similaridade.The objective of this work was to characterize isoenzymaticly rice (Oryza sativa L. genotypes. Rice yields obtained in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, are high

  14. Unified Description of Charmonium Suppression in QGP Medium

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Captain R; Ganesh, S; Mishra, M

    2015-01-01

    Recent experimental and theoretical studies suggest that the quarkonia suppression in a thermal QCD medium created at heavy ion collisions is a complex interplay of various physical processes. In this article we put together most of these processes in a unified way to calculate the charmonium survival probability (nuclear modification factor) at energies available at relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) and large hadron collider (LHC) experiments. We have included shadowing as the dominant cold nuclear matter (CNM) effect. Further, gluo-dissociation and collision damping has been included which provide width to the spectral function of charmonia in a thermal medium and causes the dissociation of charmonium along with usual colour screening. We include the colour screening using our recently proposed modified Chu and Matsui model. Furthermore we incorporate the recombination of uncorrelated charm and anti-charm quark for the regeneration of charmonium over the entire temporal evolution of QGP medium. Finally...

  15. The Transition of Cultural Ecology in Beidong District of Guizhou–A Case Study of Tianzhu Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing; ZHAO; Baoling; DONG; Yingzi; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Beidong minorities living together in Qingshui River valley are deeply influenced by Jing and Chu culture. Their ethnic and traditional culture was developed in the process of collision with foreign culture. In the several great social transformations,their cultural ecology was not imbalanced,but evolved and developed. Through the study on local knowledge of cultural ecology including agricultural production,ancestral hall and local- style dwelling house,full- scale drama and Yang Drama,genealogical system,marriage customs,religious belief,sacrificial rites and funeral rites,it is expected to reveal reasons and rules of transition of Beidong ethnic culture,favorable for correctly understanding cultural connotation and promote cultural and tourism development in ethnic minority areas.

  16. Words of Tohkaku Wada: medical heritage in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, M; Inoue, K; Kajii, E

    2001-02-01

    The origins of Japan's medical ideas, which are deeply rooted in its religion, culture and history, are not widely understood in medical societies of other countries. We have taken up the task of summarising this tradition here so that some insight can be gained into the unique issues that characterise the practice of medicine in Japan. We borrow from the sayings of Tohkaku Wada, a medical philosopher of late eighteenth-century Japan, for a look at Japanese medical tradition. Wada's medical thought was very much reflective of the Buddhism, Zen, and swordsmanship that informed eighteenth-century philosophy in Japan. His central concepts were "chu" and "sei", that is, complete and selfless dedication to the patient and the practice of medicine. This paper explores Wada's thought, explaining it mainly from the standpoint of Japanese traditional culture.

  17. Classification moléculaire du cancer du sein au Maroc

    OpenAIRE

    Fouad, Abbass; Yousra, Akasbi; Kaoutar, Znati; Omar, El Mesbahi; Afaf, Amarti; Sanae, Bennis

    2012-01-01

    Introduction La classification moléculaire des cancers du sein basée sur l'expression génique puis sur le profil protéique a permis de distinguer cinq groupes moléculaires: luminal A, luminal B, Her2/neu, basal-like et non-classées. L'objectif de cette étude réalisée au CHU Hassan II de Fès est de classer 335 cancers du sein infiltrant en groupes moléculaires, puis de les corréler avec les caractéristiques clinicopathologiques. Méthodes Etude rétrospective étalée sur 45 mois, comportant 335 p...

  18. X-rays from superbubbles in the large magellanic cloud; 4, the blowout structure of N44

    CERN Document Server

    Magnier, E A; Hwang, U; Smith, R C; Magnier, Eugene A; Chu, You Hua; Hwang, Una; Smith, R Chris

    1996-01-01

    We have used optical echelle spectra along with ROSAT and ASCA X-ray spectra to test the hypothesis that the southern portion of the N44 X-ray bright region is the result of a blowout structure. Three pieces of evidence now support this conclusion. First, the filamentary optical morphology corresponding with the location of the X-ray bright South Bar suggests the blowout description (Chu et al 1993). Second, optical echelle spectra show evidence of high velocity (~90 km/sec) gas in the region of the blowout. Third, X-ray spectral fits show a lower temperature for the South Bar than the main superbubble region of Shell 1. Such a blowout can affect the evolution of the superbubble and explain some of the discrepancy discussed by Oey & Massey (1995) between the observed shell diameter and the diameter predicted on the basis of the stellar content and Weaver et al.'s (1977) pressure-driven bubble model.

  19. Computational aeroacoustics applications based on a discontinuous Galerkin method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delorme, Philippe; Mazet, Pierre; Peyret, Christophe; Ventribout, Yoan

    2005-09-01

    CAA simulation requires the calculation of the propagation of acoustic waves with low numerical dissipation and dispersion error, and to take into account complex geometries. To give, at the same time, an answer to both challenges, a Discontinuous Galerkin Method is developed for Computational AeroAcoustics. Euler's linearized equations are solved with the Discontinuous Galerkin Method using flux splitting technics. Boundary conditions are established for rigid wall, non-reflective boundary and imposed values. A first validation, for induct propagation is realized. Then, applications illustrate: the Chu and Kovasznay's decomposition of perturbation inside uniform flow in term of independent acoustic and rotational modes, Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and acoustic diffraction by an air wing. To cite this article: Ph. Delorme et al., C. R. Mecanique 333 (2005).

  20. ON THE PAPR REDUCTION IN OFDM SYSTEMS: A NOVEL ZCT PRECODING BASED SLM TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VARUN JEOTI

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available High Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR reduction is still an important challenge in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM systems. In this paper, we propose a novel Zadoff-Chu matrix Transform (ZCT precoding based Selected Mapping (SLM technique for PAPR reduction in OFDM systems. This technique is based on precoding the constellation symbols with ZCT precoder after the multiplication of phase rotation factor and before the Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT in the SLM based OFDM (SLM-OFDM Systems. Computer simulation results show that, the proposed technique can reduce PAPR up to 5.2 dB for N=64 (System subcarriers and V=16 (Dissimilar phase sequences, at clip rate of 10-3. Additionally, ZCT based SLM-OFDM (ZCT-SLM-OFDM systems also take advantage of frequency variations of the communication channel and can also offer substantial performance gain in fading multipath channels.

  1. Novel Electrically Small Spherical Electric Dipole Antenna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a novel electrically small spherical meander antenna. Horizontal sections of the meander are composed of wire loops, radii of which are chosen so that the whole structure is conformal to a sphere of radius a. To form the meander the loops are connected by wires at a meridian...... plane. The antenna operates as an electric dipole, i.e. it radiates the TM10 spherical mode. The antenna is self-resonant and can be matched to a wide range of input feed lines without an external matching network. In this paper, a spherical meander antenna of the size ka = 0.27 and the input impedance...... of 72 ohms is numerically investigated and its performance is compared to that of the multiarm spherical helix antenna of the same size. Both antennas yield equal quality factors, which are about 1.5 times the Chu lower bound, but quite different cross-polarization characteristics....

  2. Data for iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis of Brassica napus leaves in response to chlorophyll deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu Chu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The essential pigment chlorophyll (Chl plays important roles in light harvesting and energy transfer during photosynthesis. Here we present the data from a comparative proteomic analysis of chlorophyll-deficient Brassica napus mutant cde1 and its corresponding wild-type using the iTRAQ approach (Pu Chu et al., 2014 [1]. The distribution of length and number of peptides, mass and sequence coverage of proteins identified was calculated, and the repeatability of the replicates was analyzed. A total of 443 differentially expressed proteins were identified in B. napus leaves, including 228 down-accumulated proteins mainly involved in photosynthesis, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, carbon fixation and 215 up-accumulated proteins that enriched in the spliceosome, mRNA surveillance and RNA degradation.

  3. Plant regeneration by pollen embryogenesis from cultured whole spikes of barley (Hordeum vulgare).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datta, S K

    1987-05-01

    Pollen embryogenesis and subsequent plant regeneration have been established from cultured whole barley spikes in agitated N6 liquid medium (Chu 1978) containing high levels of 2,4-D, Ficoll and potato extract. Microspore division within the anthers and subsequent embryogenic development were obtained in medium containing high amounts of reduced nitrogen with Zeatin, NAA and BAP (all at 0.5 mg/l levels, pH 6.2). Once embryoids were formed in the liquid medium, they produced secondary embryoids from the scutellum and subsequently plants on MS (Murashige and Skoog 1962) agar medium containing BAP and NAA. The ratio of green plants to albino was 1∶8.7.

  4. Alteração na atividade de peroxidase e concentração de fenóis em microtangerinas (Citrus spp. infectadas por Phytophthora parasitica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ribamar Gusmão Araújo

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The present research aimed to characterize and evaluate species and varieties of small-fruited mandarins of Tanaka’s group (Citrus spp. with potential use as rootstocks, in relation to infection to the Phytophthora parasitica, by means of foliar determination of peroxidase activity and total phenolics content. It was used the following species: C. reshni Hort. ex Tan., C. sunki Hort. ex Tan., C. pectinifera Tan., C. crenatifolia Lush., C. amblycarpa Ochese, C. aurantium L, C. reticulata Blanco and C. limonia Osb. The Center of Citrus Germoplasm of Botucatu and Cordeirópolis provide all plant material. Four resistant varieties to the stem rot and root rot infections: Pectinifera, Crenatifolia, Sun Chu Shu (clone Kat 1004 and Cleopatra (clone 1 were evaluated. Susceptible plants infected by P. parasitica presented higher activity of peroxidase, while phenolics contents were lower in susceptible group.

  5. Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Q

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Wu Q, Chu M. Self-illuminating quantum dots for highly sensitive in vivo real-time luminescent mapping of sentinel lymph nodes. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:3433–3443.The following sentence on page 3433 was incorrect in the published paper:"Here, we report on the first use of self-illuminating QDs for mouse axillary SLN mapping by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, which was found to overcome these limitations."The correct sentence should read:"Here, we report on the use of self-illuminating 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped CdTe/CdS QDs for mouse axillary SLN mapping by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, which was found to overcome these limitations."Read the original article

  6. Functional MRI evidence for language plasticity in adult epileptic patients: Preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilie Cousin

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Emilie Cousin1, Monica Baciu1, Cédric Pichat1, Philippe Kahane2, Jean-François Le Bas31UMR CNRS/UPMF 5105, Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurocognition; 2Laboratoire de Neurophysiopathologie de l’Epilepsie, CHU Grenoble; 3Unité IRM, CHU Grenoble, FranceAbstract: The present fMRI study explores the cerebral reorganisation of language in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, according to the age of seizures onset (early or late and the hippocampal sclerosis (associated or not. Seven right-handed control volunteers and seven preoperative adult epileptic patients performed a rhyme decision (language condition and a visual detection (control condition tasks in visually presented words and unreadable characters, respectively. All patients were left hemisphere dominant for language. Appropriate statistical analyses provided the following preliminary results: (1 patients compared with healthy subjects showed lower degree of hemispheric lateralization with supplementary involvement of the right hemisphere; (2 the degree of hemispheric specialization depends on the considered region; (3 patients with early seizures show signs of temporal and parietal reorganization more frequently than patients with late onset of seizures; (4 patients with early seizures show a tendency for intra-hemispheric frontal reorganisation; (5 associated hippocampal sclerosis facilitates the inter-hemispheric shift of temporal activation. Although our patients were left hemisphere predominant for language, the statistical analyses indicated that the degree of lateralization was significantly lower than in healthy subjects. This result has been considered as the indication of atypical lateralization of language.Keywords: language, fMRI, plasticity, temporal epilepsy, age, hippocampal sclerosis

  7. The Craftsman Spirit and Wuhu Iron Picture’s Development%工匠精神与芜湖铁画艺术的发展1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦宗财

    2016-01-01

    芜湖铁画艺术离不开汤天池、梁再邦、储炎庆、储金霞等为代表的一代代铁画工匠追求卓越的理念、对产品品质的坚守,这是芜湖铁画发展核心软实力所在。芜湖铁画工匠精神主要体现在对手工艺术的信仰与执着追求,面临困境积极寻求艺术创新,艺术家相互尊重和包容,注重艺术人才的培养等。当代芜湖铁画艺术亟需重塑工匠精神,培育工匠从业信仰,重塑企业核心文化,坚守品质,加强人才培育,促进铁画技艺传承与创新。%Wuhu iron pictures is inseparable from Tang Tianchi, Liang Zaibang, Chu Yanqing, Chu Jinxia such as representative of a generation of Wuhu iron picture craftsmen, who pursue excelent ideas, adhere to the quality of products, which is where the core soft power of Wuhu iron pictures comprehensive development. Wuhu iron pictures craftsman's spirit is mainly reflected in the faith and dedication to the hand-made art pursuit, actively seek innovative when facing dififculties, art artists mutual respect and tolerance, Pay attention to the cultivation of artistic talents etc.. Contemporary wuhu iron pictures needed to remould craftsman's spirit, cultivate the craftsmen working faith, reshaping corporate core culture, stick to quality, strengthen personnel training, promote iron pictures art heritage and innovation.

  8. On non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma jets and plasma bullet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xinpei

    2012-10-01

    Because of the enhanced plasma chemistry, atmospheric pressure nonequilibrium plasmas (APNPs) have been widely studied for several emerging applications such as biomedical applications. For the biomedical applications, plasma jet devices, which generate plasma in open space (surrounding air) rather than in confined discharge gaps only, have lots of advantages over the traditional dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) devices. For example, it can be used for root canal disinfection, which can't be realized by the traditional plasma device. On the other hand, currently, the working gases of most of the plasma jet devices are noble gases or the mixtures of the noble gases with small amount of O2, or air. If ambient air is used as the working gas, several serious difficulties are encountered in the plasma generation process. Amongst these are high gas temperatures and disrupting instabilities. In this presentation, firstly, a brief review of the different cold plasma jets developed to date is presented. Secondly, several different plasma jet devices developed in our lab are reported. The effects of various parameters on the plasma jets are discussed. Finally, one of the most interesting phenomena of APNP-Js, the plasma bullet is discussed and its behavior is described. References: [1] X. Lu, M. Laroussi, V. Puech, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 21, 034005 (2012); [2] Y. Xian, X. Lu, S. Wu, P. Chu, and Y. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 123702 (2012); [3] X. Pei, X. Lu, J. Liu, D. Liu, Y. Yang, K. Ostrikov, P. Chu, and Y. Pan, J. Phys. D 45, 165205 (2012).

  9. On Original Romantic Style of Chinese Musical Dance%论中国乐舞的原生浪漫主义风格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡享丽

    2011-01-01

    In Chinese music dance,a large number of musical dance shows implicative and the ubiquity of Chinese cultural taste the romantic style—Chinese musical dance of the primary romantic style. The form of this style is based on Taoist aesthetics thinking,and also influenced by Zhuang Zi's idea of "heaven music" and Chu dance,which was the result of Chinese native romanticism in the affluent land of Chu culture. The style becomes the source of the original romanticism of Chinese musical dance,which constitutes romantic features of style characteristic of unique Chinese culture and psychology,such as an aesthetic form based on thinking structures of myths,aesthetic tastes derived from subjective thinking,aesthetic style of acceptance of slender waist and long sleeves,and romantic "flying Apsaras" based on Confucianism,Buddhism and Daoism.%大量的中国乐舞都表现出了含而不露却无处不在的中国文化味道的浪漫风格——原生浪漫主义风格。这种风格的生成以道家美学思想为基础,受庄子"天乐"和楚文化这片沃土上孕育出的楚舞之影响,成为中国乐舞原生浪漫主义的源头,并形成了以神话思维建构的审美形式,主观思维孕育的审美趣味,细腰长袖呈现的审美形态以及儒释道演绎的浪漫"飞天"等独具中国民族文化和心理特征的浪漫风格特征。

  10. A low cost tele-imaging platform for developing countries

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    Kokou eADAMBOUNOU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To design a low cost tele-imaging method allowing real time tele-ultrasound expertise, delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis and tele-radiology between remote peripherals hospitals and clinics (patient centres and university hospital centres (expert centre.Materials and Methods: A system of communication via internet (IP camera and remote access software enabling transfer of ultrasound videos and images between two centres, allows a real time tele-radiology expertise in the presence of a junior sonographer or radiologist at the patient centre. In the absence of a sonographer or radiologist at the patient centre, a 3D reconstruction program allows a delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis with images acquired by a lay operator (e.g. midwife, nurse, technician. The system was tested both with high and low bandwidth. The system can further accommodate non-ultrasound tele-radiology (conventional radiography, mammography and computer tomography for example. The system was tested on 50 patients between CHR Tsevie in Togo (40km from Lomé-Togo and 4500km from Tours-France and CHU Campus at Lomé and CHU Trousseau in Tours.Results: A real time tele-expertise was successfully performed with a delay of approximately 1.5 seconds with an internet bandwidth of around 1Mbps (IP Camera and 512kbps (remote access software. A delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis was also performed with satisfactory results. The transmission of radiological images from the patient centre to the expert centre was of adequate quality. Delayed tele-ultrasound and tele-radiology was possible even in the presence of a low bandwidth internet connection. Conclusion: This tele-imaging method, requiring nothing by readily available and inexpensive technology and equipment, offers a major opportunity for telemedicine in developing countries.

  11. Morfología del pronombre personal en el Rromané de Chile The morphology of personal pronouns in Romani Language spoken in Chile

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    Mariela Dennisse Rebolledo Aravena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta, en el marco de la Tagmémica, una descripción de la estructura interna y de los paradigmas de declinación del pronombre personal en el rromané hablado en Chile. En el apartado "metodología" se explicitan las fuentes desde las cuales se obtuvieron los datos, el perfil de los informantes y los procedimientos analíticos seguidos. El análisis incluye un ejemplo para cada forma del pronombre en cada caso gramatical, la propuesta de segmentación morfémica y la asignación de morfos a morfemas. El apartado "conclusiones" incluye la fórmula tagmémica que describe la estructura del pronombre personal, una discusión sobre el concepto de "forma básica" y una discusión sobre la pertinencia de aplicar el concepto garviniano de "residuo" a los alomorfos de segunda persona y caso instrumental chu- y -char, respectivamente.The present paper describes, within the framework of tagmemics, the internal structure and declension paradigms of personal pronouns in the Romani language as spoken in Chile. The speaker sample, speaker characteristics and procedures used in analyzing the data are detailed in the corresponding section. The analysis includes an example of each pronoun form in each grammatical case, a proposal for the morphemic segmentation, and a mapping of morphs to morphemes. The paper concludes with information on the tagmemic method, which is used to describe the personal pronoun system of Chilean Romani; a discussion about the issue of basic forms; and a discussion of whether it is appropriate to apply the Garvinian concept of residue to the second person allomorphs and instrumental case, chu- and -char, respectively.

  12. Famílias palestinas no extremo sul do Brasil e na diáspora: experiências identitárias e aduaneiras Palestinian families in the extreme south of Brazil and in the diaspora: experiences of border-crossing and identity

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    Denise Fagundes Jardim

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nos parágrafos a seguir, para refletir sobre temas como a "identidade palestina" ou "a família árabe", tentarei demonstrar, a partir do estudo etnográfico de famílias morando em Chuí, o quanto a identidade territorial tem a ver com aspectos da vida familiar. Entre viagens de retorno (que introduzem jovens "brasileiros" no convívio com primos, tios e tias na Palestina, relações familiares (na diáspora, vínculos travados na cidade de Chuí e outras localidades no Brasil e no exterior, e acontecimentos internacionais recentes -- não será uma única explicação que dará a entender a recriação e a pertinência de uma identidade social calcada no reconhecimento de uma origem e um destino comum.In the following paragraphs, to investigate themes such as "Palestinian identity" or "the Arab family", and drawing on an ethnographic study of families living in Chui, I intend to demonstrate the extent to which territorial identity is intermingled with aspects of family life. Between "return trips" (that introduce young Brazilians to the daily life of cousins, aunts and uncles in Palestine, family relations (in the diaspora, relations forged in the city of Chui and other places in Brazil and abroad, and recent international events - there is no single element that can explain the re-creation and the relevance of a social identity based on the recognition of a common origin and destiny.

  13. Ash Content and Calorific Energy of Corn Stover Components in Eastern Canada

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    Pierre-Luc Lizotte

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Corn stover is an abundant agricultural residue that could be used on the farm for heating and crop drying. Ash content and calorific energy of corn grain and six stover components were measured from standing plants during the grain maturing period, between mid-September and mid-November. Ash of stover in standing corn averaged 4.8% in a cool crop heat unit zone (2300–2500 crop heat units (CHU and 7.3% in a warmer zone (2900–3100 CHU. The corn cob had the lowest ash content (average of 2.2% while leaves had the highest content (from 7.7% to 12.6%. In the fall, ash content of mowed and raked stover varied between 5.5% and 11.7%. In the following spring, ash content of stover mowed, raked and baled in May averaged 3.6%. The cob and stalk located below the first ear contained the highest calorific energy with 17.72 MJ·kg−1. Leaves and grain had the lowest energy with an average of 16.99 MJ·kg−1. The stover heat of combustion was estimated at 17.47 MJ·kg−1 in the cool zone and 17.26 MJ·kg−1 in the warm zone. Based on presented results, a partial “cob and husk” harvest system would collect less energy per unit area than total stover harvest (44 vs. 156 GJ·ha−1 and less biomass (2.51 vs. 9.13 t·dry matter (DM·ha−1 but the fuel quality would be considerably higher with a low ash-to-energy ratio (1.45 vs. 4.27 g·MJ−1.

  14. Daily baseline skin care in the prevention, treatment, and supportive care of skin toxicity in oncology patients: recommendations from a multinational expert panel

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    Bensadoun RJ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available René-Jean Bensadoun,1 Phillipe Humbert,2 Jean Krutman,3 Thomas Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 André Rougier,6 Sophie Seite,6 Brigitte Dreno71Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, 2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; 5Centre of Dermatology, Hertford British Hospital, Levallois-Perret, 6La Roche-Posay Laboratoire Pharmaceutique, Asnières, 7Department of Cancero-Dermatology, Hôtel Dieu, CHU Nantes, FranceAbstract: Skin reactions due to radiotherapy and chemotherapy are a significant problem for an important number of cancer patients. While effective for treating cancer, they disturb cutaneous barrier function, causing a reaction soon after initiation of treatment that impacts patient quality of life. Managing these symptoms with cosmetics and nonpharmaceutical skin care products for camouflage or personal hygiene may be important for increasing patient self-esteem. However, inappropriate product choice or use could worsen side effects. Although recommendations exist for the pharmaceutical treatment of skin reactions, there are no recommendations for the choice or use of dermatologic skin care products for oncology patients. The present guidelines were developed by a board of European experts in dermatology and oncology to provide cancer care professionals with guidance for the appropriate use of non-pharmaceutical, dermocosmetic skin care management of cutaneous toxicities associated with radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy, including epidermal growth factor inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. The experts hope that these recommendations will improve the management of cutaneous side effects and hence quality of life for oncology patients.Keywords: skin care, cosmetic, dermatological toxicity, folliculitis

  15. 先秦诗赋中的美女形象流变--以“色相”描写为中心%The Beauty Images in the Poems and Prose during the Pre-Qin Dynasty Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    拜昆芬

    2016-01-01

    作为我国古代诗歌的两大源头,现实主义的代表《诗经》作为中国文学史上的第一部诗歌总集,奠定了我国诗歌的优良传统,其“牢笼千载,衣被后世”,在很多方面为后世文学产生了积极深远的影响,继《诗经》后兴起的“衣被辞人,非一代也”的浪漫主义巨著《楚辞》成功继承了《诗经》的许多优秀传统并在此基础上进行了创新。于“美人”形象描写方面,《楚辞》与《诗经》也一脉相承,共同开创了后世的美女文化传统。%As two main sources of Chinese ancient poetry , the representive realism work The Book of Songs, is the first poetry collections in Chinese history of literature , establishing an excellent tradition for Chinese poetry .It has had a positive and far -reaching effect on the afterword literature in many aspects .Then the romantic masterpiece The Songs of Chu successfully inherited many fine tradition of The Book of Songs and made innovations on the basis of it .The Songs of Chu and The Book of Songs are alike in the description of beauty , together initiating the tradition of beauty cultures for the later generations .

  16. Herbaceous Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall. as an Alternative Source of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids

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    Jun Tao

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Oleanolic acid (OA and ursolic acid (UA have been proven to possess many biological activities, and much attention is focused on the search for plants which are rich in OA and UA. In this report, the OA and UA accumulation characteristics were investigated in 47 cultivars of Chinese herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall. and were followed in three cultivars over different developmental stages as measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. OA and UA levels in leaves and stems demonstrated an overall upward trend from May 1 to September 15 except for UA in the leaves of “Hong Feng”. The maximum values of OA and UA in leaves of “Yangfei Chu Yu”, “Fen Zhu Pan” and “Hong Feng” were 852.98, 575.60, 290.48 μg/g FW and 924.94, 827.36, 432.67 μg/g FW, respectively. The maximum values of OA and UA in stems of “Yangfei Chu Yu”, “Fen Zhu Pan” and “Hong Feng” were 359.28, 90.49, 43.90 μg/g FW and 326.86, 82.25, 56.63 μg/g FW, respectively. OA and UA contents in leaves of 47 different herbaceous peony cultivars ranged from 66.73–618.12 and 36.23–665.14 μg/g FW, respectively, with average values of 171.62 and 227.57 μg/g FW, respectively. The results suggested that the aboveground parts of herbaceous peony may be used as an alternative source of OA and UA for medicinal purposes in addition to its ornamental purposes.

  17. Trace of“Caoyi-Chuqiu Culture”in Hua County of Henan%河南滑县“漕邑-楚丘文化”寻迹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑爽

    2015-01-01

    “Cao Yi-ChuQiu culture”is part of the research of “Wei County Culture”.This paper tries to review the history of the Emperor Dai of Wei Country revived his country and the Emperor Wen worked diligently to renew the country Hua County of Henan Province.Then the writer of the paper do a textual research on the historical sites of Wei Country,Emperor Wei’s Temple Ruin,White-Horse Wall Ruin,Weizhuang Cemetery,Weiling Cemetery,Huizi Tomb and ZhangpingTomb.In addi-tion,based onYongfeng·Fangzhong,Yongfeng ·Zaichi and WeiFeng· papaya as content,summing up the culture of The Book of Songs this period is to fully reveal “Cao Yi-ChuQiu Culture”.%“漕邑—楚丘文化”①是“卫文化”的组成部分。文章对发生在河南滑县地域上的先秦卫国戴公漕邑复国与文公楚丘发奋中兴的历史进行回顾,对卫国历史遗迹卫王殿遗址、白马墙遗址、卫庄公墓、卫灵公墓、惠子冢、张平冢进行考证,并以《鄘风·定之方中》《鄘风·载驰》《卫风·木瓜》为内容,总结这段历史中的诗经文化,以期实现对滑县卫国“漕邑—楚丘文化”的全面揭示。

  18. Management of traumatic events: influence of emotion-centered coping strategies on the occurrence of dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder

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    Georges Brousse

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Georges Brousse1,2, Benjamin Arnaud1, Jordane Durand Roger1, Julie Geneste1, Delphine Bourguet1, Frederic Zaplana1, Olivier Blanc1, Jeannot Schmidt1,2, Louis Jehel31CHU Clermont Ferrand, Unité Urgences Psychiatriques, 28 place Henri Dunant BP 69, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 01, France; 2Univ Clermont 1, UFR médecine, Clermont-Ferrand, F63001 France; 3Hopital Tenon (CHU APHP 4 rue de la Chine 75020, France, INSERM U669Abstract: Our aim was to assess the influence of the coping strategies employed for the management of traumatic events on the occurrence of dissociation and traumatic disorders. We carried out a 1-year retrospective study of the cognitive management of a traumatic event in 18 subjects involved in the same road vehicle accident. The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD was made for 33.3% of the participants. The participants with a PTSD diagnosis 1 year after the event used emotion-centered strategies during the event more often than did those with no PTSD, P < 0.02. In the year after the traumatic event, our results show a strong link between the intensity of PTSD and the severity of the post-traumatic symptoms like dissociation (P = 0.032 and the use of emotion-centered strategies (P = 0.004. Moreover, the participants who presented Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire scores above 15 made greater use of emotion-centered coping strategies than did those who did not show dissociation, P < 0.04. Our results confirm that the cognitive management of traumatic events may play an essential role in the development of a state of post-traumatic stress in the aftermath of a violent event.Keywords: trauma, coping, emotions, peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder

  19. Microfacies of the Triassic limestones in the Izvorul Malului klippe (Rarău Syncline, Transylvanian Nappes, Eastern Carpathians, Romania

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    Daniela Alexandra POPESCU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The Transylvanian Nappes belongs to the Central – East – Carpathian Nappes System (the Dacides Medianes which forms. The Transylvanian Nappes have a superior position in the Carpahian tectonic system that favored their fragmentation in the obduction process and slow gravitational decollement. This process makes difficult to establish the exclusively Mesozoic Transylvaniansedimentary series, especially because the majority of the litostratigraphic members occur only as isolated klippe in the Hauterivian-Aptian wildflysh filling (the superior formationbelonging to the Bucovinian Nappe of the Rarău Syncline.The allochtonous sedimentary succesion of the Transylvanian Nappes is almost exclusively represented by pelagic carbonate deposits. The amazing fossil diversity offeredmainly by the klippes of the Rarău Syncline facilitated the reconstruction of the Triassic lithological column which contains all stratigraphical terms confirmed by a rich paleontological material. The Upper Triassic carbonate deposits cropp out in few metric (Piatra Zimbrului, Popii Rarăului or submetric blocks (the klippes on the Cailor, Măceş, Izvorul Malului brooks,on the springs of the Timon brook etc. occuring in the Rarău Syncline. The studied limestone klippe is located on the left side of the Izvorul Malului brook, about 2,5 – 3 km up from his confluence with the Moldova river. The klippe which is almosttotally exploited consists of few white and gray limestone submetric blocks with Halobia. Microcrystalline carbonates are represented by muddy sediments accumulated in lowenergyquiet waters on the sea floor. The sediment consists of skeletal debris and unattachedprecipitates or of attached non-sketetal precipitates. The last two cases corespond to theautochthonous organomicrites and are characterized by common peloidal fabric. Theformation of peloids requires low or moderate rates of sediment input.Tethyan Carnian, Norian and Rhaetian carbonate

  20. Essai de classement typo-technologique des araires à partir des pièces métalliques découvertes en Gaule romaine en vue de leur reconstitution Setting up of a typological-technological classification method to try to reconstruct ards from metallic pieces found in Roman Gaul

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    André Marbach

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Les pièces métalliques d’instruments aratoires sont, pour la Gaule romaine, pratiquement les seuls éléments archéologiques à notre disposition nous permettant de reconstruire ces outils. Des auteurs tels que S.E. Rees (G.B., R. Pohanka (Autriche et surtout J. Henning (Europe du sud-est ont fait des propositions de reconstitution des instruments aratoires de cette époque. Que faut-il en penser ? Une méthode de recherche a été élaborée à partir d’une analyse fine des pièces métalliques d’un catalogue de ces pièces pour les Gaules. Les socs ont été classés en fonction de leur surface utile, de la forme de leur douille de fixation et de l’angle d’usure de la pièce avec le sol, quand il est observable. Pour les reilles, le classement est identique et la longueur de la soie est ici prise en compte. À partir des valeurs retenues pour ces pièces et d’une étude technique avec modélisation de l’instrument aratoire, les possibilités de reconstruction des araires ont été étudiées. On souhaite ainsi rappeler aux chercheurs combien il est important de publier les pièces retrouvées avec le maximum de précision, dans les dessins et les mesures. En conclusion, pour les araires à soc à douille, de nombreuses incertitudes demeurent, sauf pour les socs de petites surfaces utiles, qui sont généralement des araires manche-sep. Pour les araires à reille, la reconstruction des instruments semble accessible, y compris la longueur du timon de traction ou chambige. Quelques exemples concrets de reconstitution sont présentés, dont un araire tourne-oreille.Metallic pieces of tilling implements from Roman Gaul, are practically the only archaeological elements at our disposal to reconstruct the tools. Authors such as S.E. Rees (GB, R. Pohanka (Austria, and above all J. Henning (South East of Europe have made proposals concerning the reconstruction of tilling implements of that period. What is to be thought of these

  1. Expression of Architectural Aesthetic Characteristics of Jingchu School%论“荆楚派”建筑审美特性的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江小龙

    2015-01-01

    地域环境塑造了人们独特的思维方式和行为特点。而历史的传衍,使得地域的文化得以保留与延续,进而形成了具有人文特征的地域特性。湖北地处中国长江中下游,古属楚地,亦是楚国都城所在,遂保留了相对完好的楚文化。荆楚文化作为楚文化的一种延续,使得湖北人民也存留了一些楚人的特点和审美倾向。地域特性之美源于对地域文化生活的总结,并通过人的抽象思维释放到生活艺术的创作中,形成特定的视觉符号,产生族群所共识的美。建筑作为文化独特性的一种实体反馈,体现着族群的审美习惯。然而快节奏的现代生活,让湖北人民忽视了许多地域文化细节,这使得本该独具特色的文化生活归于世界大流,地域特色的识别性也渐渐消失,城市风貌变得千篇一律。建筑的发展是以人们的生活需要为基点,如今物质生活的繁盛,促进了人们意识层面的丰富,个人需求也变得个性化,这就要求建筑的发展更具时代特点。面对地域符号在城市风貌中的衰微,为了唤起人们对文化传承的认知和身份的认同,需要设计者从文化符号中提炼元素,去引导居民的审美表达,推动地域文化的健康发展,同时也使建筑更好地为当地居民服务。%The regional environment gives the people living in it a unique way of thinking and behavior characteristics. And the development of history makes regional cultural able to preserve and continue, thus forming a regional feature of humanistic characteristics. Hubei is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River; it belongs to the ancient Chu, and holds the capital of Chu. So Huibei retains a relatively integrated culture of Chu. Jingchu Culture, as a development of the culture of Chu, gives the people dwelling in Hubei some of the features and aesthetic tendencies of those who lived in

  2. O PAPEL DA CONFIABILIDADE NA REDUÇÃO DOS CUSTOS DE TRANSAÇÃO: REFLEXÕES ENTRE BRASIL, ESTADOS UNIDOS, JAPÃO E CORÉIA DO SUL [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20040302011

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    Elio Ferrato

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 RESUMO Dyer e Chu (2003 desenvolveram um estudo empírico a respeito da relação confiabilidade entre montadoras e fornecedores automobilísticos nos Estados Unidos, Japão e Coréia do Sul nos anos de 1993 e 1994.  Baseado nos parâmetros apontados por Dyer e Chu este estudo tem o propósito de analisar a confiabilidade na relação fornecedor-comprador na indústria automobilística brasileira no ano de 2004, estabelecendo certa comparação com aqueles outros países. A confiabilidade nas trocas econômicas tem sido vista por alguns analistas como ativo econômico de valor em razão dos custos de transação (ex ante e ex post inferiores, os quais permitem maior flexibilidade para responder às condições de mercado em constantes mudanças e induzem a um maior compartilhamento de informações, que provoca melhorias na coordenação e estrutura de governança, juntando assim esforços para minimizar as ineficiências, fatos que sustentam duas das hipóteses do estudo.  Uma quarta hipótese que trata de verificar se quanto maior a confiabilidade entre as partes menores são  os custos de transação e melhor performance dos lucros não têm a evidência necessária neste estudo. Baseado nos dados do trabalho de Dyer e Chu, o objeto deste estudo é realizar uma análise qualitativa da relação entre uma montadora estrangeira instalada no Brasil e alguns de seus fornecedores de autopeças. Nas considerações finais deste trabalho  ficam reforçados os argumentos teóricos de que a confiabilidade reduz custos de transação nas relações de troca e incrementa o compartilhamento de informações na relação fornecedor-comprador. Palavras-chave: Confiabilidade; relação fornecedor-comprador; indústria automobilística; custos de transação.     ABSTRACT Dyer & Chu (2003 have developed an empirical study regarding the trustworthiness in the relationship

  3. Validation of the scale on Satisfaction of Adolescents with Postoperative pain management-idiopathic Scoliosis (SAP-S

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    Khadra C

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Christelle Khadra,1–3 Sylvie Le May,1,2 Ariane Ballard,1,2 Jean Théroux,1,4 Sylvie Charette,5 Edith Villeneuve,6,7 Stefan Parent,2,8,9 Argerie Tsimicalis,10,11 Jill MacLaren Chorney12,13 1Faculty of Nursing, Université de Montréal, 2CHU Sainte-Justine Research Centre, 3Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada; 4School of Health Professions, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia; 5Direction of Nursing, 6Department of Anesthesia, CHU Sainte-Justine, 7Department of Anesthesia, 8Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 9Orthopaedic Service, Department of Surgery, CHU Sainte-Justine, 10Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University, 11Shriners Hospitals for Children, Montreal, QC, 12Pediatric Complex Pain Team, IWK Health Centre, 13Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada Background: Spinal fusion is a common orthopedic surgery in children and adolescents and is associated with high pain levels postoperatively. If the pain is not well managed, negative outcomes may ensue. To our knowledge, there is no measure in English that assesses patient’s satisfaction with postoperative pain management following idiopathic scoliosis surgery. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the satisfaction subscale of the English version of the Satisfaction of Adolescents with Postoperative pain management – idiopathic Scoliosis (SAP-S scale.Methods: Eighty-two participants aged 10–18 years, who had undergone spinal fusion surgery, fully completed the SAP-S scale at 10–14 days postdischarge. Construct validity was assessed through a principal component analysis using varimax rotation.Results: Principal component analysis indicated a three-factor structure of the 13-item satisfaction subscale of the SAP-S scale. Factors referred to satisfaction regarding current

  4. La matério-vigilance dans un Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire du Centre-Est tunisien: enquête auprès des médecins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahjoub, Mohamed; Jedidi, Maher; Masmoudi, Tasnim; Bouafia, Nabiha; Njah, Mansour

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Pour la meilleure gestion des risques en milieu hospitalier et l’amélioration de la qualité et la sécurité de nos soins, le CHU de Sousse (Tunisie), a mis en place, suite aux recommandations de l’ANCSEP (Agence Nationale de Contrôle Sanitaire et Environnementale des Produits) un système de matério-vigilance (MV). En Tunisie l’absence d’un cadre réglementaire organisant la MV est l’obstacle majeur à l’implication des soignants à ce système. L’objectif de cette étude est de déterminer les connaissances, attitudes et pratiques des médecins du CHU quant à la mise en place du système de MV. Méthodes Etude descriptive de type CAP (connaissances, attitudes et pratiques) transversale auprès de tous les médecins titulaires exerçant au CHU de Sousse (Tunisie) qui sont utilisateurs des dispositifs médicaux (DMs) lors de leur pratique d’activité de soin. Un questionnaire auto-administré, préétabli et pré-testé a été établi. Saisie et l’analysée des données par logiciel SPSS20.0. Résultats Le taux de réponse de 51,9 % (183/95), un manque des connaissances relatif à la MV a été rapporté. Plus de la moitié des répondants ne connaissent pas le correspondant local de son établissement et l’existence d’un formulaire standardisé de signalement. Concernant les attitudes, 89,5 % notifient l’intérêt de mise en place du système de MV et 37,5 % reconnaissent que le signalement doit émaner du soignant constatant l’incident. Pour les pratiques, la majorité confirment l’absence d’une gestion organisée de la maintenance des DMs dans leurs services. 90,5 % expriment leurs souhaits de recevoir une information mais peu d’entre eux expriment leurs désirs de suivre une formation (57,9 %). Conclusion Un manque d’information et de formation dans un domaine pourtant sensible et devant être lourdement réglementé est soulevé. La promulgation de textes réglementaires est nécessaire afin de promouvoir le

  5. Is the 1-minute sit-to-stand test a good tool for the evaluation of the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation? Determination of the minimal important difference in COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaidya T

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Trija Vaidya,1,2 Claire de Bisschop,2 Marc Beaumont,3,4 Hakima Ouksel,5 Véronique Jean,6 François Dessables,7 Arnaud Chambellan,1,8 On behalf of IRSR RéhaEffort cohort group 1Explorations Fonctionnelles Respiratoires, l’institut du thorax, CHU de Nantes, 2Université de Poitiers, Laboratoire MOVE EA 6314, F-86000 Poitiers, 3Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Morlaix Hospital Centre, 4European University of Occidental Brittany, EA3878, Brest, 5Service de Pneumologie, CHU d’Angers, Angers, 6Service de Réhabilitation Respiratoire, Soins de Suite et Rééducation, CHU de Nantes, 7Service de Réhabilitation Respiratoire, la Tourmaline, UGECAM, 8Université de Nantes, Laboratory EA 4334 “Mouvement, Interactions, Performance,” Nantes, France Background: The 1-minute sit-to-stand (STS test could be valuable to assess the level of exercise tolerance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. There is a need to provide the minimal important difference (MID of this test in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR.Methods: COPD patients undergoing the 1-minute STS test before PR were included. The test was performed at baseline and the end of PR, as well as the 6-minute walk test, and the quadriceps maximum voluntary contraction (QMVC. Home and community-based programs were conducted as recommended. Responsiveness to PR was determined by the difference in the 1-minute STS test between baseline and the end of PR. The MID was evaluated using distribution and anchor-based methods.Results: Forty-eight COPD patients were included. At baseline, the significant predictors of the number of 1-minute STS repetitions were the 6-minute walk distance (6MWD (r=0.574; P<10-3, age (r=-0.453; P=0.001, being on long-term oxygen treatment (r=-0.454; P=0.017, and the QMVC (r=0.424; P=0.031. The multivariate analysis explained 75.8% of the variance of 1-minute STS repetitions. The improvement of the 1-minute STS repetitions at the end of PR was 3.8±4.2 (P<10-3. It was mainly

  6. Impacts of climate change on glacial water resources and hydrological cycles in the Yangtze River source region,the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,China:A Progress Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The Yangtze River Source Region has an area of 137,704 km2.Its mean annual runoff of 12.52 billion m3,which was recorded by the Chumda Hydrological Station in 1961-2000,accounts for only 0.13 percent of the Yangtze River’s total annual streamflow.The extensive rivers,lakes,wetlands,glaciers,snow fields,and permafrost of the Yangtze River Source Region,as well as the region’s vast alpine grasslands,play a critical role in storing and regulating the flow of water not only in the upper Yangtze River watershed of Qinghai,Sichuan,the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibet) and Yunnan,but also throughout the entire lower Yangtze River basin.Climate change has been the dominant factor in recent fluctuation in the volume of the Yangtze River Source Region’s glacier resources.The Chumda Hydrological Station on the lower Tongtian River has registered a mean annual glacial meltwater of 1.13 billion m3 for the period 1961-2000,makes up 9 percent of the total annual runoff.Glacial meltwater makes up a significant percentage of streamflow in the Yangtze River Source Region,the major rivers of the upper Yangtze River Source Region:the Togto,Dam Chu,Garchu,and Bi Chu (Bu Chu) rivers all originate at large glaciers along the Tanggula Range.Glaciers in the Yangtze River Source Region are typical continental-type glaciers with most glacial meltwater flow occurring June-August;the close correlation between June-August river flows and temperature illustrates the important role of glacial meltwater in feeding rivers.Glaciers in the source region have undergone a long period of rapid ablation beginning in 1993.Examination of flow and temperature data for the 1961-2000 period shows that the annual melting period for glacial ice,snow,and frozen ground in the Yangtze River Source Region now begins earlier because of increasing spring temperatures,resulting in the reduction of summer flood season peak runoffs;meanwhile,increased rates of glacier ablation have resulted in more uneven

  7. Rapid analysis of trace pollutants using laser mass spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI; Jie

    2001-01-01

    [1]Otsuka,K.,Kubo,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Diffuse electron scattering and “streaming” effect,Metall.Trans.A,1981,12:595-605.[2]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Kubo,H.,Diffuse electron scattering in β-phase alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1978,9:1075-1085.[3]Singh,J.,Chen,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Transformation sequence in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy at elevated temperatures,Metall.Trans.A,1986,17:65-72.[4]Sun,Y.S.,Lorimer,G.W.,Ridley,N.,Microstructure and its development in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1990,21:575-588.[5]Miyazaki,S.,Kawai,T.,Otsuka,K.,On the origin of intergranular fracture in β phase shape memory alloys,Scripta Metall.,1982,16:431-436.[6]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Naka,K.et al.,Superelasticity effects and stress-induced martensitic transformations in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1976,24:207-226.[7]Otsuka,K.,Sakamoto,H.,Shimizu,K.,Successive stress-induced martensitic transformations and associated transformation pseudoelasticity in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1979,27:585-600.[8]Shield,T.W.,Orientation dependence of the pseudoelastic behavior of single crystal of Cu-Al-Ni in tension,J.Mech.Phys.Solids,1995,43(6):869-895.[9]Sun,Q.P.,Zhang,X.Y.,Xu,T.,Experimental study of martensitic transformation in single shape memory alloy,Adv.Solids Mech.,1997,7:155-162.[10]Chen,Q.Z.,Chu,W.Y.,Hsiao,C.M.,In-situ TEM observation of nucleation and bluntness of nanocrack in 310 stainless steel,Acta Metall.Mater.,1995,43:4371-4376.[11]Chu,W.Y.,Gao,K.W.,Wang,Y.B.et al.,Nucleating and propagation of nanocrack in dislocation free zone in brittle material,Science in China,Ser.A,1995,38(14):1501-1509.[12]Chen,Q.Z.,Gao,K.W.,Gu,B.et al.,Nucleating,blunting and propagation of A nanocrack in DFZ of thin crystals,Fatigue Frac.Eng.Mater.Stru.,1996,21:1415-1423.[13]Nishiyama,Z.,Stacking faults in the martensite of Cu-Al alloy,Journal of the Physical Society of Japan,1965,20:1192-1121.[14]Lovey,F.C.,Van Tendeloo,G.,Van Landuyt,J.et al.,HREM imaging

  8. In-situ study of martensitic transformation and nucleation,propagation of crack in CuNiAl shape memory alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU; Yonghao

    2001-01-01

    [1]Otsuka,K.,Kubo,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Diffuse electron scattering and “streaming” effect,Metall.Trans.A,1981,12:595-605.[2]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Kubo,H.,Diffuse electron scattering in β-phase alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1978,9:1075-1085.[3]Singh,J.,Chen,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Transformation sequence in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy at elevated temperatures,Metall.Trans.A,1986,17:65-72.[4]Sun,Y.S.,Lorimer,G.W.,Ridley,N.,Microstructure and its development in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1990,21:575-588.[5]Miyazaki,S.,Kawai,T.,Otsuka,K.,On the origin of intergranular fracture in β phase shape memory alloys,Scripta Metall.,1982,16:431-436.[6]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Naka,K.et al.,Superelasticity effects and stress-induced martensitic transformations in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1976,24:207-226.[7]Otsuka,K.,Sakamoto,H.,Shimizu,K.,Successive stress-induced martensitic transformations and associated transformation pseudoelasticity in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1979,27:585-600.[8]Shield,T.W.,Orientation dependence of the pseudoelastic behavior of single crystal of Cu-Al-Ni in tension,J.Mech.Phys.Solids,1995,43(6):869-895.[9]Sun,Q.P.,Zhang,X.Y.,Xu,T.,Experimental study of martensitic transformation in single shape memory alloy,Adv.Solids Mech.,1997,7:155-162.[10]Chen,Q.Z.,Chu,W.Y.,Hsiao,C.M.,In-situ TEM observation of nucleation and bluntness of nanocrack in 310 stainless steel,Acta Metall.Mater.,1995,43:4371-4376.[11]Chu,W.Y.,Gao,K.W.,Wang,Y.B.et al.,Nucleating and propagation of nanocrack in dislocation free zone in brittle material,Science in China,Ser.A,1995,38(14):1501-1509.[12]Chen,Q.Z.,Gao,K.W.,Gu,B.et al.,Nucleating,blunting and propagation of A nanocrack in DFZ of thin crystals,Fatigue Frac.Eng.Mater.Stru.,1996,21:1415-1423.[13]Nishiyama,Z.,Stacking faults in the martensite of Cu-Al alloy,Journal of the Physical Society of Japan,1965,20:1192-1121.[14]Lovey,F.C.,Van Tendeloo,G.,Van Landuyt,J.et al.,HREM imaging

  9. Evidence for Along-Strike Variations in the Crustal Deformation beneath the Bhutan Himalaya from Receiver Function Imaging and Seismicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, J.; Kissling, E. H.; Diehl, T.; Hetényi, G.

    2015-12-01

    In the Bhutan Himalaya seismicity and geologic surface features like the Kuru Chu Spur (an embayment of the Main Central Thrust) or the Paro window indicate along-strike variations in the collisional structure. The deeper structure of the orogenic wedge and associated deformation processes, however, are poorly understood partly due to the lack of seismic images of the crust. To better understand these differences in structure and deformation, we use data of a temporary seismic broadband network in Bhutan to image the crustal structure with receiver functions (RF). We apply an iterative 3D wave-based migration scheme including a high-frequency ray approximation, which satisfies Snell's law for dipping interfaces. With this approach we image variably dipping intra-crustal interfaces and the Moho topography across the Bhutan Himalaya, and identify lateral variations in the orogenic structure, which we interpret jointly with a new local earthquake catalog. In West Bhutan, RF imaging depicts a northward dipping Moho at ~50 km depth. The low-angle dip steepens north of ~27.6°N which matches well observations by wide-angle seismics in South Tibet and the hypocenter of a deep crustal earthquake recorded by our network. We also identify the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT) at ~14 km depth in West Bhutan with a ramp-like structure north of ~27.6°N. The ramp is characterized by a negative impedance contrast in the RF signals and coincides with a concentration of seismicity. In the East, the Moho appears to be almost flat at a depth of ~50 km without clear indications of steepening towards north. Beneath the Kuru Chu Spur in East Bhutan, we observe listric-shaped structures reaching from the upper crust beneath the Lesser Himalaya down to the Moho beneath the Greater Himalaya, which we interpret as a stack of crustal material typical for an accretionary wedge. While these structures appear aseismic, a horizontal alignment of seismicity at ~12 km depth suggests an active MHT in

  10. Les manifestations cutanées chez les patients hémodialysés chroniques dans un pays en voie de développement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coulibaly, Gérard; Korsaga-Somé, Nina; Fomena, Dorisse Fernade Yongué; Nagalo, Yacouba; Karambiri, Adama Roger; Bassolet, Alban; Kafando, Hyacinthe; Traoré, Adama; Lengani, Adama

    2016-01-01

    Le but de cette étude était deconnaître les affections cutanées les plus fréquentes chez les patients hémodialysés chroniques du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo (CHU-YO) de Ouagadougou. L’étude, de type transversal descriptif, menée du 15 Septembre au 31 Décembre 2014, s'estdéroulée au CHU-YO. Elle concernait les patients qui avaient au moins trois mois d'ancienneté en hémodialyse chronique. La fréquence des séances d'hémodialyse était d'une tous les cinq jours. Le seuil de signification des tests statistiques était défini pour une probabilité p ≤ 0,05. Quatre-vingt-quinze patients (61,1% d'hommes et 38,9% de femmes), de moyenne d’âge 42,1 ans participaient à l’étude. La durée moyenne en hémodialyse était de 31,9 mois. Le taux de réalisation des analyses biologiques variait de 7,4 à 85,3%. Quatre-vingt patients (85,3%) avaient au moins une manifestation cutanée. La xérose cutanée (67,4%), le prurit (45,3%), et l'hyperpigmentation (23,2%) étaient les plus fréquentes des manifestations cutanées pouvant être spécifiques de l'hémodialyse. L'hypomélanose en gouttes (11,6%), le prurigo (11,6%) et la folliculite (8,4%) étaient les principales manifestations cutanées non spécifiques. L'atteinte cutanée était fréquente mais ne semblait pas liée à l'ancienneté en hémodialyse. Les mauvaises conditions d'hémodialyse et l'environnement sec et chaud à Ouagadougou, ont pu favoriser ces atteintes, en particulier la xérose et le prurit. Une meilleure subvention des soins de santé contribuerait à réduire la prévalence des maladies cutanées et à améliorer la qualité de vie de nos patients hémodialysés chroniques. PMID:27642449

  11. Classification moléculaire du cancer du sein au Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Abbass; Yousra, Akasbi; Kaoutar, Znati; Omar, El Mesbahi; Afaf, Amarti; Sanae, Bennis

    2012-01-01

    Introduction La classification moléculaire des cancers du sein basée sur l'expression génique puis sur le profil protéique a permis de distinguer cinq groupes moléculaires: luminal A, luminal B, Her2/neu, basal-like et non-classées. L'objectif de cette étude réalisée au CHU Hassan II de Fès est de classer 335 cancers du sein infiltrant en groupes moléculaires, puis de les corréler avec les caractéristiques clinicopathologiques. Méthodes Etude rétrospective étalée sur 45 mois, comportant 335 patientes colligées au CHU pour le diagnostic et le suivi. Les tumeurs sont analysées histologiquement et classées après une étude immunohistochimique en groupes: luminal A, luminal B, Her2+, basal-like et non-classées. Résultats 54.3% des tumeurs sont du groupe luminal A, 16% luminal B, 11.3% Her2+, 11.3% basal-like et 7% non-classées. Le groupe luminal A renferme le plus faible taux de grade III, d'emboles vasculaires ainsi que de métastases; alors que le groupe des non-classées et basal-like représentent un taux élevé de grade III, une faible proportion d'emboles vasculaires et d'envahissement ganglionnaire. Ces facteurs sont significativement élevés dans les groupes luminal B et Her2+ avec un taux de survie globale de 78% et 76% respectivement. Dans le groupe luminal A, la survie globale des patientes est élevée (87%) alors qu'elle n'est que de 49% dans le groupe des triples négatifs (basal-like et non-classés). Conclusion Le groupe luminal B est différent du luminal A et il est de pronostic péjoratif vis à vis du groupe Her2+. Les caractéristiques clinicopathologiques concordent avec le profil moléculaire donc devraient être pris en considération comme facteurs pronostiques. PMID:23396646

  12. Multidrug- and Extensively Drug-Resistant Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Clinical Strains: Phylogenetic Groups Widely Associated with Integrons Maintain High Genetic Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochoa, Sara A.; Cruz-Córdova, Ariadnna; Luna-Pineda, Victor M.; Reyes-Grajeda, Juan P.; Cázares-Domínguez, Vicenta; Escalona, Gerardo; Sepúlveda-González, Ma. Eugenia; López-Montiel, Fernanda; Arellano-Galindo, José; López-Martínez, Briceida; Parra-Ortega, Israel; Giono-Cerezo, Silvia; Hernández-Castro, Rigoberto; de la Rosa-Zamboni, Daniela; Xicohtencatl-Cortes, Juan

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, an increase of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains with Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and Extensively Drug-resistant (XDR) profiles that complicate therapy for urinary tract infections (UTIs) has been observed and has directly impacted costs and extended hospital stays. The aim of this study was to determine MDR- and XDR-UPEC clinical strains, their virulence genes, their phylogenetic groups and to ascertain their relationship with integrons and genetic diversity. From a collection of 500 UPEC strains, 103 were selected with MDR and XDR characteristics. MDR-UPEC strains were mainly associated with phylogenetic groups D (54.87%) and B2 (39.02%) with a high percentage (≥70%) of several fimbrial genes (ecpA, fimH, csgA, and papGII), an iron uptake gene (chuA), and a toxin gene (hlyA). In addition, a moderate frequency (40–70%) of other genes (iutD, tosA, and bcsA) was observed. XDR-UPEC strains were predominantly associated with phylogenetic groups B2 (47.61%) and D (42.85%), which grouped with ≥80 virulence genes, including ecpA, fimH, csgA, papGII, iutD, and chuA. A moderate frequency (40–70%) of the tosA and hlyA genes was observed. The class 1 and 2 integrons that were identified in the MDR- and XDR-UPEC strains were associated with phylogenetic groups D, B2, and A, while the XDR-UPEC strains that were associated with phylogenetic groups B2, D, and A showed an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) phenotype. The modifying enzymes (aadA1, aadB, aacC, ant1, dfrA1, dfrA17, and aadA4) that were identified in the variable region of class 1 and 2 integrons from the MDR strains showed resistance to gentamycin (56.25 and 66.66%, respectively) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (84.61 and 66.66%, respectively). The MDR- and XDR-UPEC strains were distributed into seven clusters and were closely related to phylogenic groups B2 and D. The diversity analysis by PFGE showed 42.68% of clones of MDR-UPEC and no clonal association in the XDR

  13. Assessment of the impact of adherence and other predictors during HAART on various CD4 cell responses in resource-limited settings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abrogoua DP

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Danho Pascal Abrogoua1,2, Brou Jerome Kablan1, Boua Alexis Thierry Kamenan1,3, Gilles Aulagner4, Konan N'Guessan1, Christian Zohoré11Laboratoire de Pharmacie Clinique, Pharmacologie et Therapeutique – UFR Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, 2Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Clinique, CHU de Cocody, 3Service de Pharmacie, CHU de Cocody, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, 4Service Pharmaceutique Hopital Louis Pradel, Lyon, FranceObjective: The aim of this study was to quantify, by modeling, the impact of significant predictors on CD4 cell response during antiretroviral therapy in a resource-limited setting.Methods: Modeling was used to determine which antiretroviral therapy response predictors (baseline CD4 cell count, clinical state, age, and adherence significantly influence immunological response in terms of CD4 cell gain compared to a reference value at different periods of monitoring.Results: At 6 months, CD4 cell response was significantly influenced by baseline CD4 count alone. The probability of no increase in CD4 cells was 2.6 higher in patients with a baseline CD4 cell count of ≥200/mm3. At 12 months, CD4 cell response was significantly influenced by both baseline CD4 cell count and adherence. The probability of no increase in CD4 cells was three times higher in patients with a baseline CD4 cell count of ≥200/mm3 and 0.15 times lower with adherent patients. At 18 months, CD4 cell response was also significantly influenced by both baseline CD4 cell count and adherence. The probability of no increase in CD4 cells was 5.1 times higher in patients with a baseline CD4 cell count of ≥200/mm3 and 0.28 times lower with adherent patients. At 24 months, optimal CD4 cell response was significantly influenced by adherence alone. Adherence increased the probability (by 5.8 of an optimal increase in CD4 cells. Age and baseline clinical state had no significant influence on immunological response.Conclusion: The relationship between adherence and CD4

  14. Paracetamol sharpens reflection and spatial memory: a double-blind randomized controlled study in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pickering G

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Gisèle Pickering,1–3 Nicolas Macian,1,2 Claude Dubray,1–3 Bruno Pereira4 1University Hospital, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, 2Inserm, CIC 1405, UMR Neurodol 1107, 3Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de médecine, 4CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, Délégation Recherche Clinique Innovation, Clermont-Ferrand, France Background: Acetaminophen (APAP, paracetamol mechanism for analgesic and antipyretic outcomes has been largely addressed, but APAP action on cognitive function has not been studied in humans. Animal studies have suggested an improved cognitive performance but the link with analgesic and antipyretic modes of action is incomplete. This study aims at exploring cognitive tests in healthy volunteers in the context of antinociception and temperature regulation. A double-blind randomized controlled study (NCT01390467 was carried out from May 30, 2011 to July 12, 2011. Methods: Forty healthy volunteers were included and analyzed. Nociceptive thresholds, core temperature (body temperature, and a battery of cognitive tests were recorded before and after oral APAP (2 g or placebo: Information sampling task for predecisional processing, Stockings of Cambridge for spatial memory, reaction time, delayed matching of sample, and pattern recognition memory tests. Analysis of variance for repeated measures adapted to crossover design was performed and a two-tailed type I error was fixed at 5%. Results: APAP improved information sampling task (diminution of the number of errors, latency to open boxes, and increased number of opened boxes; all P<0.05. Spatial planning and working memory initial thinking time were decreased (P=0.04. All other tests were not modified by APAP. APAP had an antinociceptive effect (P<0.01 and body temperature did not change. Conclusion: This study shows for the first time that APAP sharpens decision making and planning strategy in healthy volunteers and that cognitive performance

  15. Buccal acetaminophen provides fast analgesia: two randomized clinical trials in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pickering G

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Gisèle Pickering,1–3 Nicolas Macian,1 Frédéric Libert,2,4 J Michel Cardot,1 Séverine Coissard,1 Philippe Perovitch,5 Marc Maury,5 Claude Dubray1–3 1CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2Inserm, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 3Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de Médecine, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 4Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, France; 5Unither Pharamceuticals, Paris, France Background: Acetaminophen (APAP by oral or intravenous (iv routes is used for mild to moderate pain but may take time to be effective. When fast relief is required and/or oral or iv routes are not available because of the patient's condition, the transmucosal route may be an alternative. Methodology: A new transmucosal/buccal (b pharmaceutical form of APAP dissolved in 50% wt alcohol is compared with other routes of administration. Two consecutive randomized, crossover, double-blind clinical trials (CT1: NCT00982215 and CT2: NCT01206985 included 16 healthy volunteers. CT1 compared the pharmacology of 250 mg bAPAP with 1 g iv APAP. CT2 compared the pharmacodynamics of 125 mg bAPAP with 1 g iv and 125 mg sublingual (s APAP. Mechanical pain thresholds are recorded in response to mechanical stimuli applied on the forearm several times during 120 minutes. The objective is to compare the time of onset of antinociception and the antinociception (area under the curve between the routes of administration with analysis of variance (significance P<0.05. Results: bAPAP has a faster time of antinociception onset (15 minutes, P<0.01 and greater antinociception at 50 minutes (P<0.01, CT1 and 30 minutes (P<0.01, CT2 than ivAPAP and sAPAP. All routes are similar after 50 minutes. Conclusion: bAPAP has a faster antinociceptive action in healthy volunteers. This attractive alternative to other routes would be useful in situations where oral or iv routes are not available. This finding must now be

  16. Malondialdehyde Levels In Wilson′s Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinha Sanjib

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Copper ion is a pro-oxidant metal and may be responsible for free radical mediated damage in Wilson′s disease (WD. Estimation of serum malondialdehyde (MDA, a standard test to detect oxidative damage, may support this pathogenesis. Aim: The aim of the study was to analyze the serum levels of MDA and correlate with clinical status in patients of WD. Patients and Methods: Forty five patients, from a large cohort of proven WD at various stages of treatment were evaluated. Their clinical parameters were noted and assessment of disability and handicap were done. The laboratory tests were carried out using standard methods. Results: The mean age of patients was 21.1+9.1 years (range: 6-50 years with M: F ratio of 1.6:1. The mean age at presentation was 14.4+6.9 years (range: 6-42 years and the mean duration of treatment was 14.4+6.9 years (range: 0-24 years. Their mean serum copper and ceruloplasmin levels were 41.4+22.9 g/d1 (range: 4 -103 g/dl and 5.8+3.4 mg/dl (range: 2-18 mg/dl respectively. Thirty eight of them had neurological involvement, four had hepatic form, two had both hepatic and neurological involvement while one was presymptomatic sibling. Patients were assessed using CHU staging (mean: 1.5+0.6, modified schwab and England Activities of Daily Living (MSEADL scale (mean: 94.44+19.55 and Neurologic symptom Score (NSS (mean: 3.96+5.2. The mean serum MDA level was 0.65 + 0.34 moles/1 and only four (9.4% patients had increased levels of MDA (mean: 1.32 + 0.05 moles/1, compared to control (mean: 0.56 + 0.36 moles/1 but it was not statistically significant. No significant correlation was noted between MDA levels and NSS, CHU score, MSEADL score and serum copper level. Conclusion: Increased levels of MDA were detected in only 4 out of 45 patients but those with or without increased MDA levels were not different in their clinical status. These patients were on long term treatment, which might alter the oxidative state. Mechanisms

  17. The research on the relationship between Yang Fu’sFigure Ritual and Zhang Huiyan’sFigure Ritual%论杨复《仪礼图》与张惠言《仪礼图》之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志阳

    2015-01-01

    The traditions of Chu His School deeply affect the trajectory of ritual studies in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Yang Fu’sFigure Ritual is the representative of such works. Zhang Huiyan’sFigure Ritul, based on inheriting Yang Fu’sFigure Ritual, develops and innovates, hence becoming the summit of the Chinese traditional rituals. On the one hand, Zhang Hui-yan’sFigure Ritual inherits Yang Fu’s achievement which follows Chu His School’s tradition rooted inYi Li, only that they have different purposes as Zhang Hui-yan focuses on the rituals of practicality while Yang Fu focuses on explanation ofYi Li. On the other hand, Zhang Hui-yan’sFigure Ritualbrings about new achievements which are based on Yang Fu’s achievements. The similarities and differences of the two stem from their respective age cultures.%朱子学派的礼图传统深刻影响了宋、元、明、清各朝的礼学发展轨迹,而杨复《仪礼图》是其代表性作品。张惠言《仪礼图》是在吸收杨复《仪礼图》的基础上创新发展的成果,成为中国传统礼图的高峰之作。张惠言《仪礼图》继承了杨复《仪礼图》立足朱子学派遵循《仪礼》的传统,但张惠言《仪礼图》着重于实用性,而杨复《仪礼图》着力于解读《仪礼》文献,两者之作图目的不同。张惠言《仪礼图》细化与完善了杨复《仪礼图》所建构的礼图体系。两者之异同根源于各自的时代文化。

  18. Prévalence de l'hépatite B chez les personnes infectées par le VIH à Parakou au Bénin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovonou, Comlan Albert; Amidou, Salimanou Ariyoh; Kpangon, Amadohoué Arsène; Traoré, Yacoubou Adam; Godjedo, Togbemabou Primous Martial; Satondji, Assongba Joseph; Wachinou, Ablo Prudence; Issa-Djibril, Fatioulaye Mahamadi; Fourn, Léonard; Zannou, Djimon Marcel; Gandaho, Prosper

    2015-01-01

    Introduction La co-infection avec l'hépatite B est l'un des défis majeurs de la prise en charge du VIH depuis l'amélioration de l'accès aux antirétroviraux en Afrique. La présente étude visait à estimer la prévalence de l'hépatite B chez les personnes séropositives au VIH à Parakou et décrire les facteurs associés. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude transversale menée de Mai 2011 à Juin 2012 dans le service de Médecine du CHU de Parakou. Ont été inclus tous les adultes séropositifs au VIH vus en consultation ou hospitalisés. Les données ont été collectées par interviews et dépouillement de dossiers médicaux. L'antigène HBs a été recherché par un test rapide et l'ALAT a été dosé. L'analyse des données a été faite avec le logiciel EpiInfo 3.5.1. Les proportions ont été comparées grâce au test de Chi-deux ou au test de Fisher au seuil de significativité de 5%. Un modèle de régression logistique multivariable a permis d'expliquer la prévalence de l'hépatite B. Résultats Sur les 744 sujets inclus on a dénombré 555 femmes. L’âge moyen était de 35,5 + 10,1 ans. La prévalence de l'hépatite B a été estimée à 16,9% (IC95: 14,3%-19,9%). Cette prévalence était plus élevée chez les sujets originaires du Borgou/Alibori et ceux au stade 4 de l'OMS. Conclusion La prévalence de la co-infection VIH/VHB au CHU Parakou est élevée. Le dispositif national de prise en charge et de prévention de l'hépatite B chez les personnes séropositives au VIH doit être renforcé. PMID:26097629

  19. Obtención de plantas haploides en chile miahuateco (Capsicum annuum L. Obtaining haploid plants from miahuateco chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelina Vélez Torres

    Full Text Available La regeneración de plantas haploides, es una herramienta importante en los programas de mejoramiento y estudios genéticos, ya que permite obtener líneas puras más rápido que los métodos convencionales a través de la duplicación de plantas haploides. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer una metodología que permita la regeneración de plantas haploides de chile tipo miahuateco (Capsicum annuum L.. Las anteras se cultivaron en los medios basales de Murashige y Skoog (1962; Chu et al. (1975, suplementados con 6-furfurilaminopurina (0.1-1 mg L-1, ácido naftalenacético (0.1 mg L-1, ácido indolacético (1 mg L-1 y ácido 2-4 diclorofenoxiacético (1 mg L-1. La embriogénesis se indujo hasta en 2.23% de anteras cuando se cultivaron en una combinación de 6-furfurilaminopurina con 2-4, diclorofenoxiacético (1 mg L-1 de ambos o de ácido indolacético con 6-furfurilaminopurina (0.1 mg L-1 de ambos. El análisis cromosómicos de las plantas regeneradas mostró que eran haploides con número cromósomico 2n= x= 12.Haploid plant regeneration is an important tool in breeding programs and genetics studies, since it helps obtain pure lines faster than conventional methods by the duplication of haploid plants. The aim of this study was to establish a methodology to regenerate haploid Miahuateco chili pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.. Anthers were grown on Murashige and Skoog (1962; Chu et al. (1975 basal media, supplemented with 6-furfurylaminopurine (0.1-1 mg L-1, naphthaleneacetic acid (0.1 mg L-1, indolacetic acid (1 mg L-1, and 2-4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (1 mg L-1. Embryogenesis was induced in 2.23% of anthers grown in a combination of 6-furfurylaminopurine with 2-4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (1 mg L-1, of each, or indolacetic acid with 6-furfurylaminopurine (0.1 mg L-1 of each. Chromosome analysis of regenerated plants showed that they were haploids with a chromosome number of 2n= x= 12.

  20. 云南省楚雄州10起急性职业中毒事件原因分析与预防对策%Cause Analysis and Preventive Measures of 10 Incidents of Acute Occupational Poisoning in Chuxiong Prefecture of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡黎明; 白光平

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解云南省楚雄州急性职业中毒事件发生的状况及分布规律,为预防和控制急性职业中毒提供科学依据和防治对策.方法 用回顾性调查的方法,对楚雄州10年间发生的10起急性职业中毒事件进行分析.结果 该州10起急性职业中毒事件,中毒人数146人,罹患率为66.36%;死亡6人,病死率为4.11%.职业中毒事件6起发生在乡镇企业.中毒主要在冶金和化工行业,共9起,中毒罹患率高达73.91%,且以硫化氢、砷化氢中毒为主.中毒原因主要是设备跑、冒、滴、漏,违反操作规程超负荷生产,无通风设施和个人防护不当.结论 急性职业中毒应作为楚雄州职业病防治的重点,并应制定相应的防治措施.%[Objective]To understand the starus of acute occupational poisoning occurrence and its regularities of distribution in ChuXiong Prefecture of Yunnan Province, and provide scientific evidence and strategies for prevention and control of acute occupational poisoning. [ Methods] Retrospective investigation was adopted to analyze 10 incidents of acute occupational poisoning occurred in ChuXiong Prefecture in 10 years. [Results]Of 10 incidents, 146 were poisoned, with attach rate of 66.36%; 6 were dead, with fatality rate of 4.11%. Six incidents occurred in township enterprises. Nine incidents occurred in metallurgical and chemical industry, with poisoning attack rate of 73.91%, mainly due to hydrogen sulfide and arsine. The main causes of poisoning were leakage of facilities, production overload, no ventilation and improper individual protection [ Conclusion ] Acute occupational poisoning should be taken as the focal point of occupational disease prevention which needs corresponding control measures.