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Sample records for chu timone aphm

  1. Management of patient with hepatocellular carcinomas by in situ injection of iodine-131 labelled lipiodol solution (Lipiocis) in the Biophysics and Timone APHM University Hospital Central Service

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this work was to determine what are the prognosis factors in term of global expectation of life at patient receiving a treatment by Lipiocis, to estimate the tolerance at this treatment in order to choose patient which will be the best candidates to this treatment and to define more precisely the criteria of patient inclusion and follow-up. A study including 35 patient having received one or several Lipiocis injections between May 2003 and May 2007 has been carried out. The results of this study are given. Lipiocis seems to be a well tolerated treatment which has proved its efficiency. (O.M.)

  2. Effects of Mo content on microstructure and corrosion resistance of arc ion plated Ti-Mo-N films on 316L stainless steel as bipolar plates for polymer exchange membrane fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Kim, Kwang Ho; Shao, Zhigang; Wang, Feifei; Zhao, Shuang; Suo, Ni

    2014-05-01

    Bipolar plates are one of the most important components in PEMFC stack and have multiple functions, such as separators and current collectors, distributing reactions uniformly, and etc. Stainless steel is ideal candidate for bipolar plates owing to good thermal and electrical conductivity, good mechanical properties etc. However, stainless steel plate still cannot resist the corrosion of working condition. In this work, ternary Ti-Mo-N film was fabricated on 316L stainless steel (SS316L) as a surface modification layer to enhance the corrosion resistance. Effects of Mo content on the microstructure and corrosion resistance of Ti-Mo-N films are systematically investigated by altering sputtering current of the Mo target. XRD results reveal that the preferred orientation changes from [111] to [220] direction as Mo content in the film increases. The synthesized Ti-Mo-N films form a substitutional solid solution of (Ti, Mo)N where larger Mo atoms replace Ti in TiN crystal lattice. The TiN-coated SS316L sample shows the best corrosion resistance. While Mo content in the Ti-Mo-N films increases, the corrosion resistance gradually degrades. Compared with the uncoated samples, all the Ti-Mo-N film coated samples show enhanced corrosion resistance in simulated PEMFC working condition.

  3. Dr Chu Goes to Washington

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Steven

    2014-01-01

    For the opening of its Autumn Symposium, the Collège de France had the pleasure of welcoming Steven Chu, former US Secretary of Energy. Steven Chu started his career at the Bell laboratories, an extraordinary breeding ground for young scientists, several of whom were subsequently awarded a Nobel Prize. In 1997, he himself received the Physics Nobel Prize, along with two other researchers: Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Professor at the Collège de France, and William D. Phillips of the National Insti...

  4. Animal models of polymicrobial pneumonia

    OpenAIRE

    Hraiech S; Papazian L.; Rolain JM; Bregeon F

    2015-01-01

    Sami Hraiech,1,2 Laurent Papazian,1,2 Jean-Marc Rolain,1 Fabienne Bregeon1,3IHU Méditerranée Infection, URMITE CNRS IRD INSERM UMR 7278, Marseille, France; 2Réanimation – Détresses respiratoires et Infections Sévères, APHM, CHU Nord, Marseille, France; 3Service d’Explorations Fonctionnelles Respiratoires, APHM, CHU Nord, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of severe and occasion...

  5. On the Religious Faith of the Chu People%楚人宗教信仰刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡雅丽

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the belief system of the ancient Chu people based on the cosmology of the Chu people. The evidence shown in the article are not only some unearthed Chu bamboo & silk manuscripts and few documents handed down from ancient times, but also the archaeological material of the Chu remains. The author divides the belief system of the Chu people into two types: natural divinity and human ghost, finding out the fundamental idol of the Chu people as well as the main motive force of the development of the fundamental idol. According to the author, the ancient Chu people formed their distinctive cosmology in the course of exploring the nature, on the basis of which they set up the belief system with general character and specific feature themselves.

  6. Architecture in The bo, 'Brug chu, and Co ne Counties, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chos dbying rdo rje

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Thirty-nine images of architecture in The bo, 'Brug chu, and Co ne counties (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province, China are presented. The author also relates his experiences of travelling through the area in 2010.

  7. Distribution and conservation of annual fishes (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae in the municipality of Chuí, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Vieira Volcan

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on captures of annual fishes conducted from August 2004 to June 2009, aiming at the dissemination of data on their occurrence, distribution and conservation in the municipality of Chuí. Four species were recorded: Austrolebias charrua Costa e Cheffe, Austrolebias luteofl ammulatus (Vaz-Ferreira, Sierra-de-Soriano e Scaglia-de-Paulete, Austrolebias prognathus (Amato and Cynopoecilus melanotaenia (Regan, captured at 14 different sampling points distributed in the floodplains of Chuí and São Miguel streams, near the road of Barra do Chuí. All ponds where annual fishes were recorded in Chuí were altered by some form of human activity, arising mainly from rice culture and trampling by cattle. The main area of annual fish occurrence in the municipality that is most relevant to conservation is located in the floodplain of the Chuí stream.

  8. [Sun Simiao's voyage to Chu and Shu regions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhenmin

    2014-07-01

    During the 4(th)-11(th) years of Zhenguan reign of the Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao paid a voyage to the regions of Chu (now mostly the Hubei Province) and Shu (now Sichuan Province) for a total of 14 years. In the 4(th) year of Zhenguan, he went to treat the "hydropsy" of Li Gui, the King of Hanyang, hence, the record given as the 9(th) year of Zhenguan by Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions for Emergency Worth a Thousand Gold) is not correct. Later, he went to Jiangzhou (now Jiujiang city of Jiangxi Province) to treat Chen Shuping's, the King of Chenxiangdong beriberi due to wind-poisoning. In the 15(th) of July, the 5(th) year of Zhenguan, he himself suffered a swelling pain in his finger when travelling in Shu region, due to a poisonous sting, which was cured by rubbing with the juice from the root and stem of dendelion. In the 7(th) year of Zhenguan, he suffered a facial erysipelas due to over drinking when he was in Neijiang County which was treated by the mayor, Master Li, with various medications to no avail, which was eventually cured by himself. In the 10(th) year of Zhenguan, he treated the Governor of Zizhou Li Wenbo's consuming thirst. He also got a large amount of copper salts in the Counties of Xuanwu and Feiwu nearby. In the 17(th) year of Zhenguan or later, he processed the "Tai yi spiritual powder" in Wei's family of Shu County. After finishing the processing, he returned to Guanzhong (now Shaanxi) at certain period of "August of 17(th) year of Zhenguan", "January of 18(th) year of Zhenguan", or "January of 19(th) year of Zhenguan". PMID:25429884

  9. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

    2012-02-28

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  10. Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Quality Factors Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav; Yaghjian, Arthur D.

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the quality factor Q for electrically small current distributions and practical antenna designs radiating the TE10 magnetic dipole field. The current distributions and the antenna designs employ electric currents on a spherical surface enclosing a magneto-dielectric material that...... permeability yields the quality factor Q that constitutes the lower bound for a magnetic dipole antenna with a magneto-dielectric core. Furthermore, the smaller the antenna the closer its quality factor Q can approach the Chu lower bound. Simulated results for the TE10-mode multiarm spherical helix antenna...... with a magnetic core reach a Q that is 1.24 times the Chu lower bound for an electrical radius of 0.192....

  11. Continuous Stieltjes-Wigert Limiting Behaviour of a Family of Confluent q-Chu-Vandermonde Distributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Kyriakoussis

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available From Kemp [1], we have a family of confluent q-Chu- Vandermonde distributions, consisted by three members I, II and III, interpreted as a family of q-steady-state distributions from Markov chains. In this article, we provide the moments of the distributions of this family and we establish a continuous limiting behavior for the members I and II, in the sense of pointwise convergence, by applying a q-analogue of the usual Stirling asymptotic formula for the factorial number of order n. Specifically, we initially give the q-factorial moments and the usual moments for the family of confluent q-Chu- Vandermonde distributions and then we designate as a main theorem the conditions under which the confluent q-Chu-Vandermonde distributions I and II converge to a continuous Stieltjes-Wigert distribution. For the member III we give a continuous analogue. Moreover, as applications of this study we present a modified q-Bessel distribution, a generalized q-negative Binomial distribution and a generalized over/underdispersed (O/U distribution. Note that in this article we prove the convergence of a family of discrete distributions to a continuous distribution which is not of a Gaussian type.

  12. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826 in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Medhi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regarding presence and distribution of otters. The sighting signifies the rich biodiversity of Nyamjang Chu, in Pangchen valley and implies initiation of strong conservation measures to safeguard the future of the otters.

  13. 西楚考论%Investigation of Western Chu State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程芳银

    2012-01-01

    古今学者对“西楚”源于何时,区域到底多大的研究,一直争论不休。考论通过史料证明:过去大多学者认为楚的发祥地是“荆”,即今湖北一带,这个认识是错误的。甲骨文里,只有“楚”,没有“荆”字,直到商末周初时才有“荆”字。由此看出楚比荆早,楚起源于东方,东夷文化是其源。出土的材料证明“西楚”之名,至晚在春秋战国之际已有。其区域主要在豫东南、苏西北、鲁西南、皖东北部。%Disputes never cease about the origin and size of "Western Chu" throughont the history. Based on historical evidences, this investigation proves that the old belief that Chu starts from Jing is wrong. The character Chu can be found in carapace-bone-script, while the character of Jing can only be found in relics from the end of Shang and the beginning of Zhou period, hence the conclusion of the earlier appearance of Chu than Jing. Evidences prove that Chu came from the east, with Dongyi culture as its root. The unearthed proofs prove that the name of "Western Chu" did not appear until the transitional pe- riod of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Period of Warring States. The area of the state mainly cow ered the southeast of present Henan province, northwest of present Jiangsu province, southwest of 15resent Shandong province, and northeast of present Anhui province.

  14. Musical Exchange in the State of Chu%楚国音乐交流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何新

    2011-01-01

    The state of Chu was a place where various ethnic groups mixed together, so the music there was characterized by an amalgamation of different musical elements. On the other hand, the people of Chu also promoted musical exchange with the Central Plains in the north, the southeast and the southwest regions in the mainland of China as well as Southeast Asia and European countries.%楚国是南方的民族融合中心,楚国音乐亦表现出了民族性和融合性的特点。楚国音乐文化接受、吸纳华夏民族的礼乐文化,与中原地区、东南和西南地区以及东南亚乃至于欧洲国家都有密切的联系,促进了北方中原文化与南方地域文化的交流、融合与传承。

  15. 楚乐舞风格初探%Analysis on the Style Characteristics of Chu Dance and Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰天文

    2012-01-01

    中华民族的歌乐舞文化有着悠久的历史和丰富的内容。在以江汉平原为腹地的长江中游地区,其丰富的文化艺术土壤孕育了先秦楚国歌乐舞的形成。楚国乐舞上承前代宫廷乐舞,下采土著群蛮巫风,以我为主,兼容并蓄,创造了独树一帜的楚国舞风,对后世的舞蹈影响深远。本文试从文献史料的记载中,对楚国民间乐舞和楚国宫廷乐舞的风格特点进行有益的探索。%Songs, music and dance culture of the Chinese nation has a long history and rich content. In the hinterland of jianghan plain in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and its rich cultural soil, generated a formation of pre-Qin Chu song-dance. Chu dance brought forward on behalf of the court music and dance indigenous mining pretty witch under the wind, take the initiative, inclusive, create unique Chu dance of the wind, dancing on the later ages have far-reaching implic- ations. In this article from the literature of historical records, Chu folk music and dance style of music and dance and the Chu royal exploration of useful features.

  16. Matrilineal Marriage in Tibetan Areas In Western Sìchuān Province (English translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Min

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The marriage and family organization of the Zhaba 扎巴 people in Western Sìchuān 四川 Province is similar to that practiced by the Nàxi Mósūo 纳西摩梭 during the 1960s. The Zhaba 扎坝2 Region is another matrilineal culture region in addition to the Lúgū 泸沽 Region in Yúnnán 云南 Province. The area has only recently begun modernizing because of its isolation. 'Visiting marriages' and matrilineal family organization continue to play an important role in Zhaba culture. This research contributes new material to the anthropological study of matrilineal societies.

  17. Electric Dipole Antennas With Magnetic-Coated PEC Cores: Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.

    2012-01-01

    The radiation properties of spherical electric dipole antennas with electric current excitation and material-coated perfectly electrically conducting (PEC) cores are investigated analytically using vector spherical wave functions. Closed-form expressions for electric and magnetic stored energy as...... as well as the radiation quality factor $Q$ are derived. Using these, it is shown that properly selected magnetic coating and radius of the PEC core vastly reduce the internal stored energy, and thus make the $Q$ of an electric dipole antenna approach the Chu lower bound.......The radiation properties of spherical electric dipole antennas with electric current excitation and material-coated perfectly electrically conducting (PEC) cores are investigated analytically using vector spherical wave functions. Closed-form expressions for electric and magnetic stored energy...

  18. [Hemorrhagic form of dengue fever observed at the Infectious Diseases Department CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Boushab, Boushab Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is a re-emerging arboviral disease in tropical countries. Haemorrhagic form may be associated with circulatory failure and produce hypovolemic shock, which is often fatal. We report a series of three cases of hemorrhagic dengue observed at the Infectious Diseases Department CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, in order to describe its epidemiological, clinical, and evolutive characteristics. Our study included young females who had an onset age of between 35 years and 45 years, residing in the city of Ouagadougou. Despite multiple concentrated platelets transfusions and symptomatic treatment, we mourned a death. The development of antivirals and of new vaccines is a silver lining to prevent dengue lethality. PMID:27303584

  19. Properties of Sub-Wavelength Spherical Antennas With Arbitrarily Lossy Magnetodielectric Cores Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Vejle; Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2014-01-01

    For a spherical antenna exciting any arbitrary spherical mode, we derive exact closed-form expressions for the dissipated power and stored energy inside (and outside) the lossy magneto-dielectric spherical core, as well as the radiated power, radiation efficiency, and thus the radiation quality f...... an increasing magnetic loss tangent initially leads to a decreasing radiation quality factor, but in the limit of a perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) core the dissipated power tends to zero and the radiation quality factor reaches the fundamental Chu lower bound....

  20. Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to 'unleash America's science and research community' to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss 'Science for our Nation's Energy Future.' In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  1. Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (DOE Secretary of Energy)

    2011-05-25

    Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to "unleash America's science and research community" to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several “grand challenges” and use-inspired “basic research needs” recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  2. Follow-up of radiopharmaceuticals out of globally harmonized system (G.H.S.) at the C.H.U. of Grenoble

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The improvement and the secure of the radiopharmaceutical circuit in the service of nuclear medicine of the Grenoble C.H.U. are a permanent concern and a true team work between the doctors and the pharmacists. The implementation of cards allowed to optimize the radiopharmaceuticals management by avoiding expenses in relation with the non given drugs. (N.C.)

  3. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    Prof.S. Chu presents "the manipulation of atoms and bio-molecules by laser light" : a brief history of the laser cooling and trapping of atoms developed over the past 15 years will be presented. The cooling and trapping technology is already being applied in numerous areas of science and engineering. Applications to be discussed include atomic clocks, atom interferometers, as well as studies in polymer dynamics and protein motion.

  4. Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan: Chapter E in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Box, Stephen E.; Syusyura, Boris; Hayes, Timothy S.; Taylor, Cliff D.; Zientek, Michael L.; Hitzman, Murray W.; Seltmann, Reimar; Chechetkin, Vladimir; Dolgopolova, Alla; Cossette, Pamela M.; Wallis, John C.

    2012-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments represent a synthesis of available information to estimate the location, quality, and quantity of undiscovered mineral resources in the upper part of the Earth’s crust. This report presents a probabilistic mineral resource assessment of undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within the late Paleozoic Chu-Sarysu Basin in central Kazakhstan by the U.S. Geological Survey as a contribution to a global assessment of mineral resources. The purposes of this study are to: (1) provide a database of known sandstone copper deposits and significant prospects in this area, (2) delineate permissive areas (tracts) for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within 2 km of the surface at a scale of 1:1,000,000, (3) estimate numbers of undiscovered deposits within these permissive tracts at several levels of confidence, and (4) provide probabilistic estimates of amounts of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and mineralized rock that could be contained in undiscovered deposits within each tract. The assessment uses the three-part form of mineral resource assessment based on mineral deposit models (Singer, 1993; Singer and Menzie, 2010).

  5. Coffin Ties and Ornaments in the Mourning Ritual of the Chu State during the Warring States Period%战国时期楚国丧礼中的棺束与棺饰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江奇艳

    2004-01-01

    The problem of coffin ties and ornaments is of important value in the study of mourning ritual. Taking the records on the "Three Rituals" as clues and combining this evidence with material data from Chu tombs of the Warring States period, the present paper makes a research on coffin ties and or-naments in the mourning ritual of the Chu Land during the Warring States period. Based on the study of their material, form and banding manner, the author researches coffin ties as to their function and comes to the conclusion that the "coffin tie" and the "coffin-carriage tie" are different concepts. As regards coffin ornaments in mourning ritual among the Chu people, their making technique, disposing pattern and ranking system were not completely identical with their counterparts in the Central Plains, which must reflect regional and chronological difference.

  6. [Setting up a department of molecular pathology in oncology in a pathology laboratory (LPCE, CHU de Nice)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Elodie; Hofman, Véronique; Ilie, Marius; Lespinet, Virgine; Bonnetaud, Christelle; Bordone, Olivier; Gavric-Tanga, Virginie; Washetine, Kevin; Gaziello, Marie-Clotilde; Mauro, Virginie; Lassalle, Sandra; Selva, Eric; Zahaf, Katia; Santini, José; Castillo, Laurent; Lacour, Jean-Philippe; Vénissac, Nicolas; Mouroux, Jérôme; Otto, Josiane; Poudenx, Michel; Marquette, Charles-Hugo; Sabourin, Jean-Christophe; Hofman, Paul

    2013-02-01

    The advent of targeted therapies and personalized medicine in oncology has led in France to the settlement and organisation of a network of hospital molecular genetic platforms under the impetus of the National Cancer Institute (INCa). These platforms are, according to the concerned sites, integrated or not in pathology laboratories. The development of molecular biology methods, the choice of the procedures, the establishment of sample workflow, the quality control and the selection of the genomic alterations to be detected on each platform, have been left to the discretion of the different laboratories. Based on calls for project made by the INCa, hospital molecular genetic platforms were able to adapt their activity according to the assigned budgets. While the presence of some genomic alterations (i.e. KRAS gene mutations in metastatic colon adenocarcinoma or EGFR gene mutations in lung adenocarcinomas), may lead to administration of targeted therapies under the Marketing Authorization Application (MAA), others are associated with therapeutic clinical trials. However, increasing number of MAA for new molecules targeting genomic alterations is likely in the near future. In this context, it is necessary to quickly adapt the organisation of work of the hospital pathology laboratories performing molecular biology tests in order to meet the growing demand of oncologists in the field of targeted therapies. The purpose of this article is to describe the different steps of the settlement of a molecular genetic platform in an academic pathology laboratory (LPCE, CHU de Nice) and to show the experience of this laboratory specifically oriented on the support of the morphological and molecular diagnosis of lung cancer, thyroid cancer and malignant melanoma. PMID:23472893

  7. A survey of amphibians and reptiles in Chu Mom Ray National Park, Vietnam, with implications for herpetofaunal conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Jestrzemski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A herpetological survey was conducted in spring 2012 in the eastern part of Chu Mom Ray National Park, Kon Tum Province, southern Vietnam, to create a first inventory list of amphibians and reptiles and record threats to the local herpetocommunity. We also evaluated the efficiency of two faunistic inventory methods, drift fences and transect visual encounter surveys, in detecting reptiles and amphibians under the given circumstances. Five drift fence arrays with pitfalls and double-ended funnel traps were set up in lowland evergreen forest at elevations from 777 to 846 m a.s.l. and monitored over 40 nights. Additionally, 22 night excursions were conducted along an adjacent forest stream transect. A total of 62 species of amphibians and reptiles were recorded, comprising 24 anurans, one caecilian, 20 lizards, 16 snakes and one freshwater turtle. Because all specimens were released after capture in the field, proper identification and taxonomic revision are required for at least ten recorded amphibian and six reptile species. Four species are listed in the Vietnam Red Data Book (2007 and two species are listed in the Governmental Decree No32/2006/ND-CP (2006. In terms of distribution patterns, old-growth forest habitat harbored the highest number of recorded reptiles and amphibians (41 species, followed by open land (18 species and secondary forest (14 species. Most species were captured opportunistically (34, followed by the drift fences (29 and transect night surveys (18. Opportunistic encounters provided for most reptiles (22, while most amphibians were recorded at the drift fence arrays (15. Poaching of wildlife proved to be the major threat to the local herpetofauna, in particular large reptiles. In the study area, reptiles and amphibians are also at risk from habitat loss and degradation. Recommendations for reptile and amphibian conservation are provided.

  8. A Review of Studies on the Works by Chu Fujin%储福金作品研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚蓓雯

    2014-01-01

    Since starting to write , Chu Fujin always adheres to a unique writing purpose .Although he focused on traditional sub-jects, such as rural educated youth and innovators in his earlier writing , its exquisite and appropriate style is the highlight of their writing.In his middle and later periods , the chess language novels with the purport of representing the women world and tradi -tional culture marked the formal formation of his unique writing style .His novels about women show the temperament of smooth and round , exquisite and delicate .Chess language novels display a grand atmosphere , and profound connotation .The fundamen-tal reason of his success lies in his constant pursuit of a unique writing style .%储福金自写作以来一直坚持个性独特的写作宗旨。前期他将写作焦点聚焦在下乡知青、改革者等传统题材上,其细腻贴切的文风是其写作的亮点;中后期表现女性世界和以表现传统文化为旨的棋语小说标志着其独特写作风格的正式形成,他的女性题材小说展现出珠润乳圆、玲珑精致的气质,棋语小说则显得恢宏大气、内涵深厚。

  9. The High Yielding Technology of Transplanting Phyllostachy spraecox C.D.Chu et C.S.Chao%雷竹引种丰产高效技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继雄

    2011-01-01

    雷竹是优良的笋用竹,颇受人们喜爱,经济效益显著,生产上具有推广价值.作者根据引种成功经验,从科学引种、精心营造、适时施肥、覆盖增温、采笋养竹、调整立竹密度与结构、合理除梢、病虫害防治8个方面系统介绍雷竹引种丰产高效技术措施.%Phyllostachy spraecox C. D. Chu et C. S. Chao is a kind of elite favorite edible bamboo. It is of great value to plant and popularize it. This paper introduced the technology of planting Phyllostachy spraecox C. D. Chu et C. S. Chao in 8 aspects: The scientific way to plant, the method to set a stable planting environment, the proper way to fertilize, the measures to increase soil temperature, the correct way to harvest, the proper distance to be kept between parent bamboos, the reasonable mode to remove the tip, and the approach to protect the bamboo from pest.

  10. Projected impacts of climate change on hydrology, water resource use and adaptation needs for the Chu and Talas cross-border rivers basin, Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamil Iliasov, Shamil; Dolgikh, Svetlana; Lipponen, Annukka; Novikov, Viktor

    2014-05-01

    The observed long-term trends, variability and projections of future climate and hydrology of the Chu and Talas transboundary rivers basin were analysed using a common approach for Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan parts of the basin. Historical, current and forecasted demands and main uses of water in the basin were elaborated by the joint effort of both countries. Such cooperative approach combining scientific data, water practitioners' outlook with decision making needs allowed the first time to produce a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts on water resources in the Chu-Talas transboundary rivers basin, identify future needs and develop the initial set of adaptation measures and recommendations. This work was carried out under the project "Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate Change in the Chu and Talas Transboundary Basin", supported by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Climate change projections, including air temperatures and rainfall in the 21st century were determined with a spatial resolution 0.5 degrees based on the integration of 15 climate change model outputs (derived from IPCC's 4th Assessment Report, and partially 5th Assessment Report) combined with locally-designed hydrology and glacier models. A significant increase in surface air temperatures by 3-6°C may be expected in the basin area, especially in summer and autumn. This change is likely to be accompanied by rainfall increase during the cold season and a decrease in the warm half of the year. As a result, a deterioration of moisture conditions during the summer-autumn period is possible. Furthermore, milder winters and hotter summers can be expected. Mountains will likely receive more liquid precipitation, than snow, while the area and volume of glaciers may significantly reduce. Projected changes in climate and glaciers have implications for river hydrology and different sectors of the economy dependent

  11. Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

  12. La tuberculose cutanée: observation de six cas confirmés au CHU Souro SANOU (CHUSS) de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andonaba, Jean Baptiste; Barro-Traoré, Fatou; Yaméogo, Téné; Diallo, Boukary; Korsaga-Somé, Nina; Traoré, Adama

    2013-01-01

    La localisation cutanée de la maladie tuberculeuse demeure une forme rare et représente seulement 2,1% des localisations. L'objet de cette étude est de rapporter le profil épidémiologique, anatomoclinique et évolutif des cas de tuberculose ganglio-cutanée diagnostiqués dans un CHU au Burkina Faso. La fréquence de la tuberculose cutanée est très faible au CHUSS. Six cas ont été diagnostiqués entre 2004 et 2010, soit une fréquence de un cas par an. La durée d’évolution des cas allait de deux jusqu’à dix ans avant leur diagnostic. Les lésions observées étaient: trois scrofulodermes, trois gommes, une tuberculose testiculaire associée à un mal de Pott, un cas de polyadénopathies et des cicatrices atropho-rétractiles dans la plupart des cas. Sur le plan anatomopathologique, des granulomes tuberculoïdes ont été mis en évidence dans tous les cas avec une forte réaction tuberculinique à l'IDR. Sous antituberculeux pendant six mois, l’évolution a été bonne dans tous les cas mais au prix de séquelles cutanées cicatricielles inesthétiques. Son ampleur reste peut-être encore méconnue. Le renforcement du plateau technique du CHU et une bonne collaboration interdisciplinaire contribuerait à un meilleur diagnostic et prise en charge de cette affection. PMID:24648863

  13. Conservation of Wooden Architecture Heritage in Vietnam%越南木建筑遗产的保护——关于CHU QUYEN公屋的保护案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chu Quyen公屋是越南现存传统公屋中最古老且具有典型特征的公屋之一,它是越南传统木建筑的代表,构件上仍保留有大量17世纪末18世纪初的特色雕刻. Chu Quyen公屋在进行修护措施之前的状况危急,部分木框架已经腐烂,一些木柱出现裂纹,有的地方不得不临时用柱子做支撑等等,这些最终导致了建筑变形.

  14. On Social Classes of Chu State Reflected in the Baoshan Bamboo Slips%从包山楚简看战国时期楚国的社会阶层

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李义芳

    2011-01-01

    从包山楚简中出现的各种官职、姓氏称谓和身份我们大致推断楚国社会可分为王族、士、平民、依附民和奴隶五个阶层。楚国社会阶层的多元化是楚国经济结构多元化和社会进步的反映。%From the various official positions, surnames appellations and their identities appeared in the unearthed bamboo slips of Chu at Baoshan, we roughly inferred that Chu society consisted of five classes: royal lineage, warriors, the populace, those attached to others and slaves. The pluralism of Chu' s social classes reflected the development of the society and the diversification of economic structures.

  15. 枣尺蠖多酚氧化酶的提取及酶学特性%Extraction and Enzymological Characteristics of Polyphenol Oxidase from Sucra jujube Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春英; 李方正

    2012-01-01

    为了给治理枣尺蠖生物制剂的研发提供一定的理论基础.以枣尺蠖为试验材料,提取其发育过程中起重要作用的多酚氧化酶,并对其酶学特性进行研究.结果表明:枣尺蠖多酚氧化酶用40%饱和度硫酸铵进行盐析效果最好,纯化倍数可达5.8倍.且在酶促反应过程中,底物为10 mmol/L的邻苯二酚时,不会发生底物限速行为.多酚氧化酶在pH 7.0、37℃时活性最高.多酚氧化酶热稳定性较差,随着保温时间的延长酶活力下降.70℃时将该酶保温9 min,酶就趋于完全失活.%For research and development of biological agents, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) was extracted from Sucra jujube Chu and the properties of PPO were studied. The results indicated that, the 5.8-fold purification was achieved when the crude enzyme was treated with 40% saturated (NH4)2SO4. The substrate, 10 mmol/L of catechol couldn' t limit enzymatic reaction speed in the enzyme reaction. The results also reported that, the optimum pH was 7.0 and the best temperature was 37℃ for the tested PPO. At the same time, PPO from Sucra jujube Chu couldn't withstand the high temperatures and PPO activity would reduce along with time extension. PPO would be inactive completely after incubation in the temperature of 70℃ for 9 min.

  16. Formes hémorragiques de Dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Boushab, Boushab Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    La dengue est une arbovirose ré émergente dans les pays tropicaux. Sa forme hémorragique peut s'accompagner d'une défaillance circulatoire pouvant conduire à un choc hypovolémique, souvent fatal. Nous rapportons une série de trois cas de formes hémorragiques de dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou dont l'objectif est de décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques cliniques et évolutives. Les cas étaient des jeunes de sexe féminin dont l’âge variait entre 27 ans et 43 ans, résidant dans la ville de Ouagadougou. Malgré de multiples transfusions de concentrées plaquettaires et un traitement symptomatique, nous déplorons un cas de décès. Le développement d'antiviraux et la mise au point de nouveaux vaccins constituent une lueur d'espoir pour prévenir la létalité due à cette maladie. PMID:27303584

  17. Nondestructive analysis of dragonfly eye beads from the warring states period, excavated from a Chu tomb at the Shenmingpu site, Henan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yimin; Wang, Lihua; Wei, Shuya; Song, Guoding; Kenoyer, Jonathan Mark; Xiao, Tiqiao; Zhu, Jian; Wang, Changsui

    2013-04-01

    Dragonfly eye beads are considered to be the earliest types of glass objects in China, and in the past have been considered as evidence of culture interaction or trade between West and East Asia. In this article, synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography and μ-probe energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence were used to determine the chemical composition, microstructure, and manufacturing technology of four dragonfly eye beads, excavated from a Chu tomb at the Shenmingpu site, Henan Province, China, dated stylistically to the Middle and Late Warring State Period (475 BC-221 BC). First, a nondestructive method was used to differentiate the material types including faience (glazed quartz), frit, glazed pottery (clay ceramic), and glass. Three beads were identified as faience and one bead as glazed pottery. The glaze recipe includes quartz, saltpeter, plant ash, and various copper, and is classified as belonging to the K2O-CaO-SiO2 glass system, which indicates that these beads were not imported from the West. Based on computed tomography slices, the manufacturing technology of the faience eye beads appears to include the use of an inner core, molding technology, and the direct application glazing method. These manufacturing features are consistent with the techniques used in China during this same time period for bronze mold-casting, proto-porcelain, and glass. PMID:23388379

  18. Geological affinity of reflecting boundaries in the intermediate structural stage of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depression based on results of vertical seismic profilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davydov, N.G.; Kiselevskiy, Yu.N.

    1983-01-01

    A computer (EVM) and an ASOI-VSP-SK program complex are used to analyze data from seismic exploration and acoustical logging with interval by interval calculation of the velocity every four meters. Vertical seismic profilling (VSP) results are used to identify all the upper layers as reference layers. The basic reference level, the third, which corresponds to the floor of the carbonate middle to upper Visean series, is not sustained due to the thin layered state of the terrigeneous section. Based on data from vertical seismic profilling, the reflected wave method (MOV) and the common depth point method (MOGT), the reference 3-a and 6-a levels are identified. Deep reflections of the seventh, 7-a and Rf, approximately confined to the roof and floor of the lower Paleozoic deposits and the upper part of the upper reef series, are noted in the series of the Caledonian cap of the Prebaykal massifs based on vertical seismic profilling. Collector levels are noted on the basis of the frequency of the wave spectra and from the absorption coefficient in the Testas structure and in other low amplitude structures. The insufficiency of the depth capability of the common depth point method and the poor knowledge level of seismic exploration of the section of the lower Paleozoa and the upper Proterozoa of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depresion are noted.

  19. New evidence for an impact origin of Taihu lake, China: Possible trigger of the extinction of LiangChu Culture 4500 years ago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Z.; Wang, H.; Sharp, T.; Decarli, P.

    2008-12-01

    Here we report new evidence of an impact crater in south-east of China, Taihu Lake in Jiangsu Province. An impact origin was originally proposed on the basis of fractured quartz, wavy extinction quartz, and shatter cones in the sandstone of Devonian Wutong formation in the islands of Taihu lake (Wang, et al., 1992, 1993, 2000). In the absence of additional evidence, the impact origin hypothesis has fallen into disfavour. Here we report studies of sedimentary samples, which could be ejecta from Taihu, found in a small lake in the vicinity of Taihu lake. The samples consist of irregularly-shaped quartz-rich concretions found in lake sediments. Preliminary studies indicate that these samples contain angular fragments of shocked quartz. The stratigraphic age of the lake sediments is similar to that of the 65 km diameter Taihu lake. If the impact origin of Taihu lake can be conclusively established, it is of the correct age to explain the mysterious disappearance of the LiangChu culture about 4500 years ago.

  20. Different Directions to the Origin of Arts:Chu Kwang-tsien and Ernst Grosse%不同指向的艺术起源论:朱光潜与格罗塞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仁金

    2014-01-01

    The aesthetic thoughts of Chu Kwang-tsien was impelled by both Chinese and western aesthetic traditions , and On Poems was the very representative works of such feature.In that book, on the basis of western aesthetics, Chu Kwang-tsien constant-ly overcame and broke through the Chinese traditional poetic system which called “illogical and irrational” by him in order to make it more systematized.During this course of solving that problem, there was a man and a book exerting a crucial influence on Chu Kwang-tsien, that was Ernst Grosse and his book, The Beginnings of Art.But so far, the correlational studies in China involved in On Po-ems by Chu Kwang-tsien and The Beginnings of Art by Ernst Grosse hasn ’ t deserved attentions.For this reason, embarking on the content of writing, viewpoints of inheritance and textual structure between these two books to make a detailed interpretation would re-veal the profound influence of The Beginnings of art on On Poems.However, encountering the clash of tradition and reality, Chu Kwang-tsien presented a different theory of the origin of arts from the aesthetic thoughts of Ernst Grosse:arts were rooted in psychol-ogy rather than determined by the mode of production; literature and arts expressed themselves and their own individual values. Therefore, On Poems is not only worthy of our further research, but also can reveal the profound connotation and specific character of Chu Kwang-tsien’ s aesthetic thoughts, which has some reference significance to disclose the progress of modern transformation of Chinese traditional aesthetics, as well as the construction of Chinese local discourse theory.%朱光潜的美学思想融贯了中西美学两大传统,《诗论》①是这一特点的集中代表:朱光潜借助西方美学不断克服和突破中国传统诗论的“零乱琐碎”,并使其体系化和系统化。格罗塞及其代表作《艺术的起源》对朱光潜产生过至关重要的影响。朱光潜《诗

  1. Banter and Criticism: Comment on the Comic Art of Chu Opera "Ge Ma"%戏谑与批判:论楚剧《葛麻》的喜剧艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨锦辉

    2012-01-01

    The traditional Chu Opera of "Gema" is an ironic and critical comedy which "despises the poor and curries favor with the rich, compels the son - in - law to break off an engagement" Its exquisite original comedy art manifests in three aspects of the comedic characterization, the comedic play conflict and the comedic character lines. The perfect integration of these three aspects highlighted the worker Ge Ma "righleousness" , "wisdom" and "Fun" character, strengthened banter and the criticism to nouveau riche Ma Duo. " Ge Ma " with its successful comedy artistic features, becomes an outstanding model of traditional Chu Opera, which is welcomed and praised by most audience , but also creates the "Ma Ge" direction of tradition Chu Opera.%传统楚剧《葛麻》是一部讽刺和批判“嫌贫爱富、逼婿退婚”行为的喜剧,其精湛独到的喜剧艺术体现在喜剧性的人物塑造、戏剧冲突和人物台词三个方面。这三个方面的完美整合,突出了雇工葛麻“义”、“智”、“趣”的性格特征,强化了对暴发户马铎的戏谑与批判。《葛麻》以其成功的喜剧艺术特色,成为传统楚剧中的典范之作,备受观众欢迎与好评,同时也开创了传统楚剧的“葛麻”方向。

  2. Talking about the scene of diet and cooking based on Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture) of Han dynasty%从汉画像石庖厨图谈汉代饮食烹饪状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨金萍

    2009-01-01

    汉画像石庖厨图以生动写真的画面,再现了汉代饮食烹饪状况.山东诸城等地庖厨图,描绘了占代庞大忙碌的烹饪场面,包括宰杀、汲水、蒸煮、炙烤、酿酒等各种厨事活动,展示了汉代先进烹饪厨具如釜、甑、鼎、烤炉等,以及汉人繁复的烹饪技术如蒸、煮、炮、炙等,反映了汉代丰富的食物种类.汉画像石庖厨图为我们研究汉代饮食生活提供了珍贵的资料.%The Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture)of Han dynasty stone relief reconstructed the state of dietary cooking of Han dynasty with vivid and authentic picture.The Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture)of Shandong Zhucheng city depicted ancient enormous and busy cooking scene which involved all kinds of cooking activities such as butcher,bailing,stewing,roast and brewing wine etc,displaying the advanced kitchen ware e.g.kettle,caldron,tripod,oven and complex cooking technology of Han Chinese people such as steaming,boiling,stirring baking and roast erc,reflecting rich dietary categories of Han dynasty.The Pao Chu Tu (kitchen picture)of Han dynasty stone relief provide us precious datas for the purpose of the study of dictary living of Han dynasty.

  3. The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast and Ancient Chinese Marriage Customs of“Chu Fu”%«孔雀东南飞»与中国古代“出妇”婚俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丰建霞

    2015-01-01

    通过文献研究阐述了中国古代出妇婚俗,并从出妇婚俗的角度对中国古代文学史上著名的叙事长诗«孔雀东南飞»进行了解读。出妇礼俗是古代婚姻礼俗制度的构成部分,其内容包括“七出之制”即出妻的七种规定,出妇行为遵循特定的礼仪程式进行,出妇享有一定的尊严和财产所有权。«孔雀东南飞»是一首出妇(妻)诗。兰芝被遣属“子甚宜其妻,父母不悦,出。”的情形,诗歌叙写了兰芝被遣的过程,反映了她对自己私物拥有处置权的事实。%The purpose of current study is to produce a detailed account of how “Chu Fu”works as ancient Chinese marriage custom through the review of literature,and the writer interprets The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast ———the well-known long narrative poem in China's history of litera-ture from the perspective of the customs.“Chu Fu”is a component of the ancient Chinese marriage customs.It included “The Seven Dispossession”which refers to seven stipulations when man repudi-ates his wife.The ceremony of“Chu Fu”follows specified procedures,and reserves a certain degree of dignity and property ownership to the repudiated wives.The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast is a po-em for “Chu Fu”.Lanzhi's dispossession can be categorized as the case “the son loves his wife very much,but the parents don't,then dispossesses her from the family”.The poem describes the process of Lanzhi's dispossession,and reflects the fact that Lanzhi has right to dispose her personal belong-ings.

  4. Troubles du sommeil, symptômes anxio-dépressifs et risque cardio-vasculaire chez les hypertendus noirs africains: étude transversale de 414 hypertendus suivis en ambulatoire au CHU de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)

    OpenAIRE

    Yaméogo, Nobila Valentin; Samadoulougou, André; Kagambèga, Larissa Justine; Yaméogo, Aimé Arsène; Ilboudo, Eric; Millogo, Georges; Kologo, Jonas; Toguyeni, Jean Yves; Simporé, Jacques; Zabsonré, Patrice

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Dans le but de déterminer la fréquence des troubles du sommeil, de l'anxiété et de la dépression, et de rechercher l'existence d'une relation entre ces troubles et le risque cardio-vasculaire global chez les hypertendus noirs africains, nous avons réalisé une étude transversale de mai 2010 à mars 2011 à l'unité de consultation externe du service de cardiologie du CHU-Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou qui a inclut 414 hypertendus adultes suivis en ambulatoire. Après un examen clini...

  5. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  6. Divinities and Spirits in the Activities of Magic Prayer Recorded on the Baoshan Chu Bamboo Slips%包山简所见楚地巫祷活动中的神灵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连劭名

    2001-01-01

    Among the Chu State bamboo slips from Baoshan, there are those recording activitiesof divination and magic prayer and, in many cases, mentioning the names of divinities and spirits, whichconstitute greatly significant material to the study of the Chu people's folklore and religious belief. Of these names the most important are “Jia 夹” i.e. “Ming命 ” in textual records ; “Zhifu 至福 ” and“Zhiming 至命”,i. e. “Xiuming 休命”;“Yongzhong?D3乐铡? the divinity for both y/n and yang ; “Ren Yu人禹”; the honorific title of Yu, one of the greatest human beings in a position higher than that of di-vinities in ancient people's mind; “Mingzu 明祖”, the source of light, i. e. the essence of the sun and“Jianmuwei 渐木位”, i.e. “Mingshu 命树” mentioned in the Taiping Scripture 《太平经》 .The rest in-eludes “Zu 祖 ”, “Bingsi 兵死”, “Zhiniu直牛”, “Shuishang水上”and “Moren没人”, which are also stud-ied to a certain extent in the present paper.

  7. 包山楚简所见里中职官研究%The Research on the Officeholders in Li Based on the Chu Bamboo Strip Texts of Baoshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王准

    2011-01-01

    从包山楚简可知,楚国的基层组织“里”中设置有四种职官:里公、加公、士尹、亚大夫。里公是常设的核心职官。加公负责刑名事务,职位比里公更高。里中官吏的职能,可根据传世文献做出推测。他们处于楚国职官系统的最底层,常常受到县级官员的差遣,很少直接与中央官署接触。%Based on the Chu Bamboo strip texts of Baoshan, the basic districts named Li in the Chu state appoint 4 kinds of officeholders: Ligong, Jiagong, Shiying and Ya-dafu. Ligong is the permanent official in Li. Jiagong is a criminalist, so he is superior. We

  8. Distribuição da fauna de peixes demersais e ecologia dos Sciaenidae da plataforma continental brasileira, entre as latitudes 29º21'S (Tôrres e 33º41'S (Chuí Distribution of demersal fish fauna and ecology of Sciaenidae on the Brazilian continental shelf from 29º21'S (Torres to 33º44'S (Chuí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelso Vazzoler

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a study on Brazilian south coast continental shelf demersal fish fauna distribution and Sciaenidae ecology, comprising the latitudes between Torres (29º21'S -49º44'W and Chuí (33º41'S - 53º27'W. The data on oceanographic as well as on ichthyological variables were obtained from six cruises planned to cover all seasons during the period from April 1968 to March 1969. The variation of the physical conditions of the bottom water layer is studied covering temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and type of bottom. The demersal fish families distribution is presented according to its frequencies of occurrence and its particular abundance. As Sciaenidae family shows to be the most important predominant group each species is studied in detail with reference to its distribution and relative abundance, as well as its spatial and temporal variations according to the abiotic environment. Relationship between Sciaenidae species is also discussed concerning feeding habits and the Cole coefficient of inter-specific association is estimated for pairs of species.

  9. Les complications chirurgicales de la transplantation rénale à partir du donneur vivant: expérience du CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intissar Haddiya

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: La transplantation rénale (TR est actuellement considérée comme un traitement de choix de l’insuffisance rénale chronique terminale (IRCT. Ses résultats se sont améliorés au cours des dernières années. Cependant, les complications chirurgicales demeurent graves car elles touchent un rein unique et surviennent sur un terrain fragilisé par l’insuffisance rénale et l’immunosuppression. L’objectif de ce travail est d’évaluer la fréquence des complications chirurgicales lors de l’activité de TR au CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat, et de dégager les facteurs ayant influé l’apparition de ces complications. METHODES: Étude rétrospective des patients transplantés rénaux à partir de donneurs vivants apparentés (DVA de Juin 1999 à Décembre 2008 dans notre centre hospitalo-universitaire. Nous avons recensé les caractéristiques propres au receveur, au prélèvement, au donneur ainsi qu’au greffon. Les complications chirurgicales ont été colligées ainsi que leur prise en charge et évolution. RESULTATS: Soixante sept dossiers ont été analysés avec un suivi moyen de 55 +/- 28 mois. 38 complications chirurgicales ont été recensées : sténose des artères rénales (38,7%, lymphocèle (21%, hématome (12,7%, thrombose vasculaire (7,8%, reflux vésico-urétéral (4,8%, rupture du greffon (3,2%, calcul (1 cas, éventration (1 cas, L’analyse statistique de notre série n’a pas mis en évidence de facteurs de risque significatifs semblant influer sur l’incidence des complications chirurgicales. CONCLUSION: La morbidité liée aux complications chirurgicales de la TR reste élevée nécessitant un diagnostic et un traitement adéquat afin d’éviter les répercussions sur la survie des patients et des greffons.

  10. 浅析琵琶曲《霸王卸甲》的悲剧表现手段%On the Tragic Expression Techniques in Chinese Lute Music "King Chu Takes off his Armor"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐雪婷

    2012-01-01

    通过对《霸王卸甲》的背景、传谱、题材、演奏形式等进行探析,挖掘琵琶“以悲为美”的器乐特性,从表现、手段上加深对乐曲艺术的理解和掌握。%By taking the Chinese lute music "King Chu takes off his armor" as article studies its background, famiiy spectrum, theme and performance form, the research object, this and meanwhile explores its characteristics of instrumental music ( viewing sorrow as beauty) of Chinese Pipa so as to enhance our understanding of musical art from the expression techniques.

  11. A Study on Land Tax of Qing Dynasty in Tianzhu Area of Guizhou Based on Chu Tiezi%从除贴字等看清代贵州天柱地区田赋实征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪波; 龙泽江; 吴声榕

    2016-01-01

    清代清水江文书中的契约,不仅具有对私有财产协商解决机制的功能,同时也具有保障国家田赋征收的协商解决机制功能。清代天柱文书中的“除贴字”“计开过亩清单”是民间有关田赋征收的一种协商解决的有效实现机制。%There are two main functions of the contract of Qingshuijiang Documents in Qing dynasty, which are the mechanisms for negotiated solution on private property and guaranteeing the national land tax. Chu Tiezi and the inventory of Ji Kai Guo Mu are examples of effective implementation mechanism of negotiated solution related to land tax.

  12. Comparison of Natural and Social Roles of Mythological Characters in Chu Ci and Theogony%«楚辞»和«神谱»神话人物的自然和社会角色比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭家海; 华亚颖

    2015-01-01

    为促进中西文化的交流、传播和传承,通过叙述、对比分析,从自然角色和社会角色两个方面对«楚辞»中的神话人物和«神谱»中的希腊神话人物进行对比研究,归纳出其异同与造成异同的原因。其相似原因在于古中国和古希腊对大自然崇高的敬畏;差异的根源在于«楚辞»中的神话人物中反映了东方根深蒂固的集体主义精神,而«神谱»反映了西方的个人主义。%The comparative study of mythology and Greek mythology of Kun Lun can understand ancestors′living conditions,primitive society,ideas and psychological conditions of different ethG nic ancestors,and help promote the exchange and dissemination of Chinese and Western cultures and heritages.This paper compared the natural role and social role of mythological characters in Chu Ci and Theogony,by discussing the similarities and differences between Chinese and Western mythology and summaried the causes of the differences:Collectivism reflected in Chu Ci and indiG vidualism in Theogony.

  13. Comparison of Natural and Social Roles of Mythological Characters in Chu Ci and Theogony%«楚辞»和«神谱»神话人物的自然和社会角色比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭家海; 华亚颖

    2015-01-01

    The comparative study of mythology and Greek mythology of Kun Lun can understand ancestors′living conditions,primitive society,ideas and psychological conditions of different ethG nic ancestors,and help promote the exchange and dissemination of Chinese and Western cultures and heritages.This paper compared the natural role and social role of mythological characters in Chu Ci and Theogony,by discussing the similarities and differences between Chinese and Western mythology and summaried the causes of the differences:Collectivism reflected in Chu Ci and indiG vidualism in Theogony.%为促进中西文化的交流、传播和传承,通过叙述、对比分析,从自然角色和社会角色两个方面对«楚辞»中的神话人物和«神谱»中的希腊神话人物进行对比研究,归纳出其异同与造成异同的原因。其相似原因在于古中国和古希腊对大自然崇高的敬畏;差异的根源在于«楚辞»中的神话人物中反映了东方根深蒂固的集体主义精神,而«神谱»反映了西方的个人主义。

  14. OBSERVATION ON MICROSTRUCTURE AND ULTROSTRUCTURE OF THE VENOMOUS GLAND IN STINGRAY (DASYATIS LAEVIGALUS CHU)%光魟毒腺的显微和超微结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓萍; 张克凌; 于业军; 方丽华; 王海青; 孙衍增

    2001-01-01

    In order to study the mechanism of Stingrays Dasyatis laevigalus Chu sting, the structure of the venomous gland of the Stingray was observed under light microsc ope and electromicroscope. The results showed that the venom tissue was the strati fied epithelium in the ventral lateral grooves. The epithelium consisted of abou t4 layers of cells from the base to the surface. The cells in stratum basale we re basophilic cuboidal cells which rested on the basement membrane. The cells abov e the stratum basale were polygonal cells with central nucleus and cytoplasm fil led with rough endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome, golgi apparatus and tonofibril. There were a few eosinophilic cells in HE staining scattered among the polygona l cells. Eosinophilic cells above the polygonal cells to the surface of the epit helium were about 10 layers and were also polygonal profile and were filled with many membranebound, electronlucent secretory granules (venom granules)in cy to plasma.Some free ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulium, golgi complexes and t onofilament were observed in the eosinophilic cells. Near the superficial cells the venom granules were fused. The superficial cell were flat which cytoplasm w ere filled with fused venom granules and degenerating mitochondria. The cell mem brane next to free surface thickened significantly like keratose. Melanocytes, l angerhans cells and merkel cells were also observed in the venom epithelium. The results suggest that the substances in the membranecoated, electronlucent g ra nules in eosinophilic cells may be the key factor in the envenomation by Stingrays.%为探讨魟类螫伤机理,用光镜和电镜观察了光魟的毒棘腹外侧纵沟内的毒腺的组织结构。结果表明:光魟的毒腺为复层上皮。从基底面到游离面依次为基底层、棘细胞层和嗜酸性细胞层。基底层细胞和棘层的细胞嗜碱性,棘细胞间有少量、散在分布的嗜酸性细胞;棘细胞的

  15. The study on essential oil components and comparison of identification in Chinese cassia and Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu.%国产肉桂和大叶清化桂的鉴别比较及其挥发油成分研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世伟

    2011-01-01

    The paper compares Chinese cassia with Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu in macroscopical identification, microscopical identification, and physicochemical identification, and determing the content of essential oil in different parts of two plants.The results showed Cinnamadehyde content in Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu is higher than Chinese cassia, its quality is superior.%对国产肉桂与大叶清化桂的性状鉴别、显微鉴别、理化鉴别进行了比较,并测定了二者不同部位挥发油含量,论证了大叶清化桂皮中桂皮醛含量要高于国产肉桂,其质较优.

  16. On Identity of the Grave Master in Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei Dynasty:A Probe into the Grandfather of SIMA Chu-zhi%《东魏司马昇墓志》墓主人身份考--兼考司马楚之的祖父

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗尔波; 周香均

    2015-01-01

    Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei has certain historical value.However,the identity of the grave master is yet to be verified.According to the epigraph and the relevant records in Book of J in ,Book of Wei and A History of Northern Dynasty ,we can identify SIMA Sheng as the grave master whose grandfather was SIMA Chu-zhi.His father was SI-MA Bao-ying who was the descendent of Pengcheng King.Through the verification of SIMA Chu-zhi as his grandfather,the author of this paper has finally managed to work out the family extraction from SIMA Kui to SIMA Chu-zhi and SIMA Sheng.%《东魏司马昇墓志》具有一定的史料价值,但其墓主人身份尚待考证。根据墓志铭文和《晋书》《魏书》《北史》的相关记载考证,明确了墓主人司马昇的身份,他的祖父为司马楚之,父亲为司马宝胤,是晋彭城王之后。并通过考证司马楚之祖父的身份,最终理清了从司马馗到司马楚之、司马昇的世系。

  17. 从诗、骚草木意象看人文生态教学思想的拓展%The Ecology Thought of Humanities Education Development from the View of Plant Images in Songs & Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰玲

    2015-01-01

    There are a lot of image of trees and flowers in The Book of Songs and The Odes of Chu, which help to transmit the ecological thoughts in the humanistic teaching in colleges and universities. The plants image in The Book of Songs are still materials in nature, but in The Odes of Chu, they have become literary images, which mingle with human being’ s feeling and philosophy obviously. We can find a lot of similar images in these two books, for example, we can see the change clearly from nature landscape into literature images after human being step in from the images of sonchus oleraceus, osmund and wutong tree and pine. Moreover, these images have profound influence in ecology humanities education theory.%诗、骚孕育了大量草木意象,表达了自然的美与人文创作的和谐融合。这些意象有助于对高校人文教学中生态思想的引导与传播,是很好的个案。«诗经»中的草木意象是突出其实用价值和生物特性的自然物象,而到了«楚辞»,人的因素明显强化,草木已是自然之象与诗人之意的融汇。将诗、骚中所有山脉与草木意象列表对比,可发现许多共同意象,由此可清晰地看到它们由自然之物象,融合诗人的情感与寓意之后,成为动人的文学意象,体现了人与自然的和谐,具有丰富的生态思想。对今天的生态教育理念拓展具有重要意义。

  18. 《离骚》中“香草美人”意象及其与楚文化的关系%The image of the vanilla and the beauty in Li Sao and the Chu culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方崇婧; 徐柏青

    2014-01-01

    《离骚》用大量文墨写了各类香草,并且还多次提到“美人”或“美女”。《离骚》中充满灵性的香草象征着诗人美好的品质及诗人对美好品质的追求,而“美人”意象,不仅比喻君臣关系,也用来象征诗人对理想的炽热追求和追求失败的痛苦。香草美人意象的运用,使《离骚》不仅内涵丰富,而且也极富浪漫色彩。“香草美人”意象是屈原的艺术创新,这种创新实际上与楚国地理环境、楚国巫文化,以及庄子浪漫主义有着密切的关系。%In Li Sao by Qu Yuan ,many kinds of vanillas were written ,the beauty was mentioned many times .Vanilla stood for the fine quality of the poet , and the beauty for the wise kings .The art images came from the geographical environment , the witchcraft of Chu culture and the romantic of Zhuangzi .

  19. 滁州市文化资本与文化旅游开发研究%Study on Cultural Capital and the Development of Cultural Tourism in Chu Zhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广兰

    2015-01-01

    文化旅游是近年来随着人们生活水平和教育水平提高,旅游发展的必然趋势。根据布尔迪厄的文化资本理论和周云波等提出的影响城市文化旅游资本的要素,对滁州市文化旅游资本即:文化资本基础、文化资本获取和文化资本保障三方面进行了分析,指出了有利于发展的资源优势和发展文化旅游中欠缺的因素,并提出了改进的策略。%Cultural tourism is the necessary trend for the tourism development with the improvement of people’s living standard and education. On the basis of Bourdie’s theory on cultural capital and the three factors which affect the urban cultural tourism capital raised by Zhou Yunbo and others,the thesis analyzes the historical accu-mulation,the ability of obtainment and the protection continuance for the urban cultural tourism capital,and the disadvantages and strengths are mentioned in the development of cultural tourism in Chu Zhou while the strategies are offered.

  20. 《西游录》中耶律楚材的三教思想辨析%YELU Chu-cai’ s Thoughts about the Three Religions in Westward Journey Record

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓念

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the meanings of the word“Zongjiao” ( religion) in Chinese tradi-tional culture and modern society, probes into the connotations of the "three religions" and its expressions in Westward Journey record on the basis of text study,interpretes YELU Chu-cai’ s respect for Taoism and his criticism of Taoist school, clarifies the fact that although he attacked the Quanzhen Daoism, he still held the view about the equality and common development of the“three religions”.%在梳理《西游录》文本内容的基础上,分析“宗教”一词在传统文化中与现代学界不同的含义,解读不同语境下“三教”词义的不同内涵及其在作品中的表述,辨明耶律楚材对老庄道家思想的尊重与对道教鬼神思想的贬斥,指出其“三教”观念中包含的是道家而非道教,进而厘清《西游录》中对全真教的攻讦无碍于他所表达的三教平等并行的思想。

  1. An Inquiry into the 28 Lodges (xiu) in Daybooks (Ri Shu) on Bamboo Slips of the Chu and Qin States%楚、秦简《日书》中的二十八宿问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟守华

    2009-01-01

    楚、秦简中关于二十八宿的新史料,对考释二十八宿在战国至秦代的演变有着重要价值.重点探讨了其中的二十八宿古距度、旦昏中星、日在星宿、四象分度不均匀、二十八宿数与二十八宿星占等问题.%The new historical materials concerning the 28 lodges found in Daybooks (Ri Shu) written on bamboo slips of the Chu and Qin states play an important role in investigations into the e-volution of these lodges in China from the Warring States Period to the Qin dynasty. This paper lays stress on the material in these sources relating to the so-called 'old' angular widths of the 28 lodges, dusk and dawn culminating stars, the stellar lodges in which the sun was located, the inequality of the divisions of the sky linked to the four emblematic animals, the number of the 28 lodges and stellar divination based on the 28 lodges.

  2. 九连墩楚墓出土璧玉、石磬和镶嵌物的科学分析%Scientific Analysis on Jasper, Chime Stone and Embedded Object Excavated from Jiuliandun Chu Tomb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏国锋; 秦颍; 胡雅丽; 董亚巍; 王昌燧

    2011-01-01

    本文采用X射线衍射技术和X射线荧光分析技术对九连墩楚墓出土的璧玉、石磬和镶嵌物进行了物相分析和成分分析。结果表明璧玉的主要成分为透闪石,石磬的主要成分为方解石。同时对镶嵌物的分析表明当时可能采用的是红铜镶嵌技术。这次分析为九连墩出土文物的复仿制和进一步的保护工作提供了科学依据。%Phase and composition of the jasper, chime stone and embedded object excavated from Jiuliandun Chu Tomb was analyzed with methods of X-Ray Diffraction Technology and X-Ray Fluor- escence Spectrometric Analytical Technology.. The results suggest that the main composition of jasper and chime stone are tremolite and calcite, respectively, whereas the rose copper embedding technology was adopted at that time. The study offers scientific foundations for deplicating, modeling and conserv- ing these cultural relics.

  3. Analysis of the nilitary defense facilities in Jinan City in the Chu state and &fence idea%楚纪南城军事防御设施及理念浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈程; 孙继; 向德富

    2012-01-01

    春秋战国时期,城市防御理念逐步形成,楚纪南城是当时城市防御的典型,具备强大的军事防御体系。其防御体系主要由都城选址、军事设施及周边环境有机组合而成。它运用河流、地势等有利的周边环境,并和都城本身的建构有效融合,形成了由里到外的多层军事防御体系。同时,折射出楚人的防御理念和军事思想。%In the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the city defense idea was gradually formed, which was typical of the Jinan City with strong system of military defense. This system was mainly made up by the capital site, military facility and surrounding environment. It took the advantage of rivers, terrain, etc. and effectively combined the construction of the capital, forming multideck system of military defense from inside to outside. Meanwhile, it reflected the defense idea and spirit of the Chu people.

  4. 《橘颂》的传承与突破——兼论屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因与胜处%THE HERITAGE AND BREAKTHROUGH OF "ODE TO ORANGE": On Chu Yuan "s Motivation and Achievements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怡良

    2012-01-01

    The poem "Ode to Orange" is a piece of Chu Yuan's poetic work collected in the Nine Chapters, Chu Ci. Its uniqueness in theme, content, and representation has rendered it a model for later poets who used ordinary objects to express feelings and thoughts. The extrinsic factors of Chu Yuan's literary creation included the feelings towards natural ecology, the induction of witchcraft, the enlightenment of fairy tales, and the atmosphere of arts. The intrinsic factors of his literary creation included the appeals against his treatments, the inspirations of literature, the confidence in his talents, and his political ambitions. Some scholars believed that the spirit of Chu Ci was originated from The Book of Odes. Its title, form, theme and style were influenced by the poems "The Weeds in the Field" and "The Owl" in The Book of Odes. The poem "Ode to Orange" indicated a developmental transition from The Book of Odes to Chu Ci. In fact, there were also creativeness and innovations in addition to elements of heritage, which served as major subjects of discussion in this paper. The author believes that "Ode to Orange" is more creative than the tradition owing to Chu Yuan's extraordinary talent, knowledge, the integration of his spirit, concerns of life, suppressing the desire of materials and his national consciousness.%《橘颂》是《楚辞·九章》中之一篇,是后世托物言志诗赋的典范,被誉为“咏物之祖”。屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因,有外缘,还有内因。自然生态之引发,巫风盛行之诱导,神话典故之感悟,艺术氛围之冲激,是屈原创作《橘颂》的外缘;表达愤懑之诉求,博览群籍之启示,展现才德之自信,流露参政之志向,则是屈原创作《橘颂》的内因。楚辞乃为《诗经》之变,《橘颂》之标题、体制、主旨、写法乃因袭《诗经》之《野有蔓草》、《鸱鹗》等诗作而来。更可贵者,是屈原创

  5. Local Narrative of Painful Reform History---Comment on Chu He's Long Novel of Neem Tree%改革痛史的地方性叙事--评楚荷长篇小说《苦楝树》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婷; 刘郁琪

    2014-01-01

    Chu He’s long novel Neem Tree,which explores the rise and fall history of a state -owned enterprises from the perspective of an ordinary worker,attempts to historically transcend “reform literature”since the early 1980s.It eschews the previous reform literature which concerned only with factory leadership narrative conven-tion,and focuses on bottom lives of the workers.The novel shows the pain of humanity and culture in the process of the reform,and creatively reproduces and constructs the local knowledge on the basis of Xiangtan.It is another successful attempt in “reform literature”since the new century.%楚荷的长篇小说《苦楝树》,以一个普通工人的视角来探察国有工厂的兴衰史,企图对1980年代初以来的中国“改革文学”进行历史化的超越。它避开以往改革文学仅关注工厂领导层的的叙事惯例,聚焦底层职工生活,着力表现改革过程中的人性与文化之痛,并创造性地再现和建构了以湘潭为依托的地方性知识,是新世纪以来改革文学的又一力作。

  6. 朱子、象山和阳明哲学终极天理的实在性与内在性%Reality and Immanence of Ultimate Tianli in Philosophy Thoughts of Chu His, Lu Hsiangshan, and Wang Yangming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑非

    2014-01-01

    In Neo Confucianism,Chu His,Lu Hsiang shan and Wang Yang ming had the same opinion on insisting the reality of the ultimate Tianli,but only Wang addressed that Xin and Tianli is the same thing in ontological meaning,therefore,as to Wang,the conception Xin has the ontological meaning.According-ly,they have different opinion in respect of the immanence of Tianli.Zhu considered Tianli is immanent not only in the everything outside,but also in the mind(Xin)of human being,so his theory of Gong fu also had two directs,one is Dao Wen xue,which means learning from the outside to know the Tianli,the other is Zun De xing,which means learning from inside and do something to be a good person.Lu and Wang paid more attention to the inside respect in their theory of Gongfu because they thought that it is more im-portant to realize the immanence of Tianli in the respect of human being than of everything outside.Howev-er,there is a distinction between Lu and Wang Lu didn't explain why Xin can have many relationships to the everything outside because he didn't realize the ontological meaning of Xin,whereas Wang solved this problem later.%在宋明理学终极天理的实在性上,朱子、象山、阳明均持肯定态度,只是阳明强调心理一体,心具有本体论的意义。在终极天理的内在性上,朱子兼强调其内在于万物与内在于人的两个方面,所以他的工夫论既有向外的“道问学”,又有向内的“尊德性”;象山和阳明强调其内在于人上,故而他们的工夫论重在向内的“尊德性”。由于象山没有指出心在本体论上与终极之理是一体的,所以他并没有详细论证心对于外物的统摄地位。这一点直到阳明才得到了较好的处理。

  7. Toxicity Test in Laboratory and Control Efficiency in Field Trials of Five Insecticides to Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu%5种药剂对金银花尺蠖室内毒力及田间药效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向玉勇; 陈红兵

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]The aim was to make sure the control effects of common insecticides on Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu. [ Method] The toxicity in laboratory and control efficiency in the field of five insecticides ( chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, phoxim, deltamethrin and bata-cyper- methrin) to H. jinyinhuaphaga were tested. [Result] In the five insecticides, the toxicity of bata-cypermethrin was the best, its LC 50 after48 hours was 0.019 3 (μg/ml. The others were chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, phoxim and deltamethrin, and their LC 50 after 48 h were 0. 027 6, 0.050 5,0.053 3 and 0.056 3 μg/ml, respectively. The control efficiency in the field of five insecticides all reached above 80% after seven days, among them the control efficiencies of 4.5% bata-cypermethrin EC and 48% chlorpyrifos EC were the best, and they both were 100%. [Conclusion] The five insecticides had high toxicity and control efficiency in the field to H. jinyinhuaphaga.%[目的]明确常用杀虫剂对金银花尺蠖的防治效果.[方法]选用5种药剂(敌敌畏、辛硫磷、溴氰菊酯、毒死蜱和高效氯氰菊酯)的原药和乳油分别对金银花尺蠖幼虫进行了室内毒力测定和田间药效试验.[结果]5种药剂中,高效氯氰菊酯的毒力最大,48h的LC50为0.019 3 μg/ml;其他依次为毒死蜱、敌敌畏、辛硫磷和溴氰菊酯,48h的LC50分别为0.027 6、0.0505、0.053 3和0.0563μg/ml.5种药剂在药后7d的防效均达到80%以上,其中4.5%高效氯氰菊酯乳油和48%毒死蜱乳油的效果最好,其药后7d的防效均为100%.[结论]5种药剂对金银花尺蠖幼虫均具有较高的毒力和田间防效.

  8. Comparative Study of Cultural Thoughts of War of Resistance Against--Japan:Chu Tunan Vs Zhan Guoce School%横看成岭侧成峰--楚图南与战国策派抗战文化思想比较论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    布小继

    2013-01-01

    Chu Tunan and Zhan GuoCe School with relevant cultural issues of Anti-Japanese War elaboration. In the former opinion, national culture is closely related to reality and the publicity call to action; latter considers it necessary to penetrate into the concept of "force" to revolutionize its delicate character. Understanding of Nietzsche's political thought, the former value treasonable and revolutionary, which valued the "Superman" thinking. Understanding of the tragedy and the hero, the former requires everyone abandoned pessimism and picked up the tragic spirit; the latter ago that hero worship. Chu Tunan from the masses, the collective rather than individual based Zhan GuoCe School is a macro and doctrinal insights.%  楚图南和战国策派对与抗战有关的文化问题多有阐述。在前者看来,民族文化要紧密关联现实,有宣传鼓动性;后者则认为需贯穿进“力”的理念以彻底变革其柔弱品性。对尼采政治思想的理解,前者看重叛逆性和革命性,后者看重其“超人”思想。对悲剧和英雄的理解,前者要求每一个人抛弃悲观主义而拾起悲剧精神;后者力倡英雄崇拜。楚图南主要是从群众、集体而非个人的本位出发,战国策派更多的是一种宏观和学理上的见解。

  9. Eflections on the Studies of the Unearthed Documents of "Songs of Chu @ Nine Songs" since 20^th Century%对20世纪以来的出土文献与《楚辞·九歌》相关研究的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱啟迪; 温庆新

    2012-01-01

    由于年代的久远,传世文本的错简以及传抄过程中的错误,使得《楚辞.九歌》的研究仍有待深入。近年来,两湖的楚简相继出土,为《楚辞.九歌》有关《云中君》所祀之神、《东君》的错简问题、《国殇》是否为《九歌》组成部分等问题的研究带来了新的生机。将出土文献与传世文献互证,可知《云中君》所祀之神祇为雷神,《东君》在《九歌》中的次第存在错简情形,《国殇》是《九歌》的有机组成部分。%Due to the remote history, the handed-down texts on the bamboo slips are tragmentary ana theft copies are wrongly made in the process of transmission, which require us to make further researches on Songs of Chu Nine Songs. In recent years, the Chu bamboo slips have been unearthed one after another in Hunan Province and Hubei Province. This brings new vitality to the research on the problems like the god worshiped by the Cloud Monarch in Nine Songs, the erroneous bamboo slips in the Monarch of the East, and whether Elegy of the National Martyrs is part of Nine Songs. The unearthed literature and handed-down literature mutually prove that: the god worshiped by the Cloud Monarch is the god of thunder; there are errors about the sequence of the Monarch of the East in Nine Songs in the bamboo slips. Elegy of the National Martyrs is an integral of the Nine Songs.

  10. Chu Jiwang:Modern Confucian Businessman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Modern Confucian businessman is not just a title. A Confucianminded businessman is abusinessman with the highest value bridging modern and traditional cultures.He embodies not only the depth of the traditional culture but also the openness of modern business concepts.

  11. Gold nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in aqueous biocompatible solutions: assessment of safety and biological identity for nanomedicine applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correard F

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Florian Correard,1,2 Ksenia Maximova,3 Marie-Anne Estève,1,2 Claude Villard,1 Myriam Roy,4 Ahmed Al-Kattan,3 Marc Sentis,3 Marc Gingras,4 Andrei V Kabashin,3 Diane Braguer1,2 1Aix Marseille Université, INSERM, CR02 UMR_S911, Marseille, France; 2APHM, Hôpital Timone, Marseille, France; 3Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, Marseille, France; 4Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, CINAM, UMR 7325 Marseille, France Abstract: Due to excellent biocompatibility, chemical stability, and promising optical properties, gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs are the focus of research and applications in nanomedicine. Au-NPs prepared by laser ablation in aqueous biocompatible solutions present an essentially novel object that is unique in avoiding any residual toxic contaminant. This paper is conceived as the next step in development of laser-ablated Au-NPs for future in vivo applications. The aim of the study was to assess the safety, uptake, and biological behavior of laser-synthesized Au-NPs prepared in water or polymer solutions in human cell lines. Our results showed that laser ablation allows the obtaining of stable and monodisperse Au-NPs in water, polyethylene glycol, and dextran solutions. The three types of Au-NPs were internalized in human cell lines, as shown by transmission electron microscopy. Biocompatibility and safety of Au-NPs were demonstrated by analyzing cell survival and cell morphology. Furthermore, incubation of the three Au-NPs in serum-containing culture medium modified their physicochemical characteristics, such as the size and the charge. The composition of the protein corona adsorbed on Au-NPs was investigated by mass spectrometry. Regarding composition of complement C3 proteins and apolipoproteins, Au-NPs prepared in dextran solution appeared as a promising drug carrier. Altogether, our results revealed the safety of laser-ablated Au-NPs in human cell lines and support their use for theranostic applications. Keywords: protein

  12. Ministerial Presentation: United States of America. Ambassador Schulte's Remarks on Behalf of Energy Secretary Chu [International Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Energy in the 21. Century: Addressing Energy Needs and Environmental Challenges, Beijing (China), 20-22 April 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is a pleasure to participate in this second Ministerial Conference convened by the IAEA here in Beijing. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu has asked that I deliver this speech on his behalf. He sends his sincere regrets that he is unable to attend this event personally. As you know, this week is Earth Week, and the Secretary is very engaged promoting our energy and climate change agenda back in Washington. Let me assure you, however, that the United States views nuclear energy as an important part of our effort to put the world on the road to a low-carbon future. The global expansion of nuclear energy. It is now widely recognized that nuclear energy has the potential to curtail dependence on fossil fuels and greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while promoting greater energy security. Yet, given the stakes associated with the use (and potential misuse) of nuclear energy around the world, it is imperative that all nations with existing or new nuclear power programs play an active role in global efforts to address the safety, security, and safeguards implications of nuclear power. As President Obama recently stated, it is time we consider a new framework for civil nuclear cooperation, one that allows all interested countries to enjoy the benefits of nuclear energy while limiting the associated risks of nuclear weapons proliferation. This new framework should include measures that improve energy security, including an international fuel bank and related fuel services arrangements. This conclusion reflects our recognition of the right of nations that comply with global nonproliferation norms to share in the benefits of peaceful nuclear uses. We also share a responsibility to maintain and strengthen global standards for safety, security and nonproliferation. Today, access to nuclear energy faces significant challenges-- the development of sound infrastructure, the reliable provision of nuclear fuel, and the safe and secure management of spent fuel and nuclear waste

  13. Rites Combining with the Origin and Music Pre ferring the Chu---Research on Liu Bang’ s Thoughts about Music and Dance%礼不忘本乐好楚声--汉高祖刘邦乐舞思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季伟

    2015-01-01

    史书关于汉高祖的乐舞史料记载并不多,只是从不同角度记述了高祖为君、为夫、为父的事迹,其中也反映出了高祖刘邦胸怀博大、继往开来,礼不忘本、乐好楚声,率性而起、即兴而歌,载歌载舞、人文关怀的乐舞思想特征。%There are less historical records about Liu Bang’ s thoughts about music and dance.Even though they are mainly about how he acts as the emperor, the husband, and the father, they can still reflect the traits of his thoughts about music and dance such as being open-minded and inheriting the past and directing the future, rites combining with the origin and music preferring the Chu, behaving following the nature and singing without preparation, singing and dancing and humanistic care.In a word, his thoughts about music and dance impose a great influence on the following generations.

  14. 礼不忘本乐好楚声--汉高祖刘邦乐舞思想研究%Rites Combining with the Origin and Music Pre ferring the Chu---Research on Liu Bang’ s Thoughts about Music and Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季伟

    2015-01-01

    There are less historical records about Liu Bang’ s thoughts about music and dance.Even though they are mainly about how he acts as the emperor, the husband, and the father, they can still reflect the traits of his thoughts about music and dance such as being open-minded and inheriting the past and directing the future, rites combining with the origin and music preferring the Chu, behaving following the nature and singing without preparation, singing and dancing and humanistic care.In a word, his thoughts about music and dance impose a great influence on the following generations.%史书关于汉高祖的乐舞史料记载并不多,只是从不同角度记述了高祖为君、为夫、为父的事迹,其中也反映出了高祖刘邦胸怀博大、继往开来,礼不忘本、乐好楚声,率性而起、即兴而歌,载歌载舞、人文关怀的乐舞思想特征。

  15. The Profound Connotation of Ode to Fairy Disenchantment and Cao Xueqin's Complex of the Chu Style Poems%《警幻仙姑赋》的深层意蕴及曹雪芹的“师楚”情结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷卫国; 许洪波

    2012-01-01

    关于《红楼梦》中《警幻仙姑赋》的争议历来颇多。它与曹植的《洛神赋》在文字表达等方面有太多相似之处。从挖掘《洛神赋》背后的深意入手,可最终得出这样的结论:对残酷现实的情感宣泄以及人生理想的幻灭是曹雪芹效仿《洛神赋》的根本目的,更是创作《警幻仙姑赋》的深层动机;同时《警幻仙姑赋》在体裁选择及写作手法上所体现出的"师楚"情结,也使《警幻仙姑赋》的悲剧意味得以进一步延伸和升华。%People's views differ in understanding Ode to Fairy Disenchantment in A Dream of Red Mansions.It is similar to Ode to Goddess Luoyang in expression.A study of Ode to Goddess Luoyang shows that release of his emotions about the cruel reality and the illusion of his ideals are the reasons for his imitation of Ode to Goddess Luoyang and the motive of his Ode to Fairy Disenchantment.Furthermore,Cao's choice of genre and writing techniques shows his love of the Chu Style poems,thus contributing to the tragic atmosphere of his own poem.

  16. Translating Chinese Poetry into English Poetry and Adaptive Employment of English Poetic Forms--Taking ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu as the Example%以诗译诗与借形传神--以卓振英《大中华文库·楚辞》英译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2014-01-01

    以诗译诗与借形传神是卓振英《楚辞》英译文的特色。译者进行总体审度和合理调适,借用传统英语诗歌的四行诗体、双行偶韵诗体、三行诗体、五行诗体、十行诗体以及半格律半自由诗体等形式,努力再现《楚辞》的意境美,在很大程度上体现了以译入语文化为导向的翻译理念,这在深层次上是因为这种形式借鉴对英语世界读者更具亲和力,它是沟通译入语文化与源语文化的纽带。%The obvious features of ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu lies the following aspects: “translating Chinese poetry into English poetry” and “adaptive employment of English poetic forms”. Through overall consideration and reasonable adjustment, the translator tries his best to reflect the beauty of artistic conception of the original text by using different forms of traditional English poetry, including quatrain, couplet, triplet, quintet, ten-line-stanza, and so on, which shows target language culture oriented conception. Such affinity form is a link between target language culture and source language culture.

  17. On the Discrepancy in the Interpretation of Historical Resources---Starting from Motif Drought of Chu Bamboo Manuscripts%论史料解读的差异性--由楚竹书灾异文献中的旱灾母题入手

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨博

    2015-01-01

    In the extant corpus of Chu bamboo manuscripts,a considerable number of texts deals with the problem of disasters,anomalies,and related sacrifices and governing strategies,i.e.Drought in Lu State,Expostulation of Response to Drought,Expostulation of Bao Shuya and Xi Peng,Expostulation of Jing Gong on Malaria-carrying Mosquito and others.These texts reflect clearly how people through the periods of Spring and Autumn and Warring States made use of the occurrence of disasters and anomalies to express their political ideas,and this phenomenon gained broad attention among the researchers in the fields of both history of ideas as well as general history.The article focuses on the theme of drought as rendered in newly discovered manuscripts,and contextualizes it with both the received and excavated texts and archaeological finds,and it offers an insight from the perspective of historiography which can bring a better understanding of the historical value contained in these documents.%目前所见战国楚竹书中有《鲁邦大旱》、《柬大王泊旱》、《鲍叔牙与隰朋之谏》及《竞公疟》等篇与先秦时期灾异、祭祀与为政方略等方面有关。诸篇较清晰地反映了战国时人借助灾异现象来表达政治观念的现象,引起了思想史学界的广泛关注。从楚竹书灾异文献有关旱灾背景的母题入手,考察先秦时期旱灾发生的频率与强度及针对旱灾因应措施的“人事”两方面,再以传世文献与考古资料、出土文献相印证,可以更好地从史学层面来理解这些文献所蕴含的史学价值。

  18. A brief explanation of the Chu bamboo slips Hengxian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Wangeng

    2006-01-01

    The discovery of Hengxian and the formation of the category of hengxian are an important recapitulation and creative integration of the theory of the ontological Dao(Tao)in the Pre-Qin period.The cosmology of"self-creating and self-functioning"in Hengxian and the theory of"self-creating and self-evolving"in Liezi and Zhuangzi can be mutually interpreted.It indicates that the theory of transformation of qi entered a quite mature state in the Warring States Period.

  19. Notes and Commentary of Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean on"the Zhong and the He Being Made Superlative" (致中和) in which the Ecological Thought is Contained%朱熹《中庸章句》对“致中和”的注释及其蕴含的生态思想——兼与《礼记正义·中庸》比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐爱国

    2012-01-01

    The Doctrine of the Mean said: "When joy, anger, sorrow and pleasure have not yet arisen, it is called the Zhong (中, equilibrium). When they arise to their appropriate levels, it is called the He(和, harmony). When the Zhong and the He are made superlative, Heaven and Earth are in their proper positic)ns, and the myriad things are nourished and flourish. " Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean made reasonable and profound notes and commentary on it, and thought that Heaven and Earth being in their proper positions, and the myriad things being nourished and flourish, will be achieved, when human makes the Zhong and the He superlative,and realizes that his connatural inbeing is identical with the Tad of Heaven and Earth and the myriad things, further more, completes the Tad of Heaven and Earth, and assists their suitable arrangement and transforming and nourishing powers. Here is contained the ecological thought.%朱熹《中庸章句》对"致中和,天地位焉,万物育焉"作了合理而深入的诠释,并且认为,将人的喜怒哀乐未发的"中"与发皆中节的"和"推到极致,并据此体会人的先天本性以及与此具有共同性的天地万物之理和变化规律,进而"裁成天地之道,辅相天地之宜"、"赞天地之化育",就可以实现"天地位"、"万物育"。这里蕴含着具有现代意义的生态思想。

  20. On the Images of“Knife-brandishing Women”in Mercenary Marriages with Examples from The Killing of a Husband by Li Ang and Shuijia Younü Chu Zhangcheng by Yan Geling%买卖婚姻中“挥刀女性”形象研究--以李昂的《杀夫》与严歌苓的《谁家有女初长成》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏蓓

    2015-01-01

    农村女性在买卖婚姻中受虐、被辱而走向“挥刀”杀人的无望反抗,是台湾作家李昂小说《杀夫》与旅美作家严歌苓小说《谁家有女初长成》的共同主题。两位生活在不同地域文化氛围中的女作家通过各自不同的书写方式,不仅将其笔下女主人公家庭中相似的生存困境展现在读者面前,也揭示了女性在生活中的多层次诉求,提供了文本背后的多重文化空间,引发了我们对合理婚姻的深入思考。%It is a joint theme in The Killing of a Husband by Li Ang, a Taiwanese writer, and Shuijia Younü Chu Zhangcheng by Yan Geling, a sojourning writer in America, that features rural women who are in such despair that they“brandish knives”and kill when they suffer ill-treatment and humiliation in mercenary marriages. These two women writers, living in different regional cultures and writing in their own very different ways, present to the readers not only the similar survival predicaments in the families of their female protagonists but also reveals multi-layered appeals women make in their lives, thus providing a multiple cultural space behind the texts that induces our thinking in depth on rational marriages.

  1. Comparison of the surface contamination of class A shielded containment gloves and a standard shielded containment - professional practices evaluation radiopharmacy Public assistance Marseille hospitals; Comparaison de la contamination de surface des gants d'une enceinte blindee de classe A et d'une enceinte blindee Standard - EPP radiopharmacie APHM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, V.; Giraud, F.; Pisano, P.; Guillet, B. [CHU Nord, Marseille, Service de radiopharmacie, 13 (France); CHU Timone, service de radiopharmacie, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2010-07-01

    Purpose: The pole of Pharmacy of 'Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Marseille' initiated a process of evaluation of professional practice. The two functional units of radiopharmacy are involved by comparing the surface contamination of gloves of a class A cell and a standard shielded cell, both in class D premises. Conclusions: In a shielded Class A cell placed in class D premises, there is microbial contamination of gloves probably due to the introduction of not disinfected equipment. In a standard shielded cell where contamination is most important, gloves cleaning should be performed several times during the workday, at least every four hours with a surface bactericidal and fungicidal agent. (N.C.)

  2. Modified Medical Research Council scale vs Baseline Dyspnea Index to evaluate dyspnea in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perez T

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Thierry Perez,1 Pierre Régis Burgel,2 Jean-Louis Paillasseur,3 Denis Caillaud,4 Gaetan Deslée,5 Pascal Chanez,6 Nicolas Roche2 For the INITIATIVES BPCO Scientific Committee 1Clinique des Maladies Respiratoires, CHRU de Lille, Université Lille Nord de France, Lille, 2Service de Pneumologie, Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Broca Hotel Dieu, AP HP et Université René Descartes, 3EFFI-STAT, Paris, 4Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Gabriel Montpied, CHU de Clermont Ferrand, Clermont Ferrand, 5Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Maison Blanche, CHU de Reims, Reims, 6Département des Maladies respiratoires, AP-HM, Université de Méditerranée, Marseille, France Background: Assessment of dyspnea in COPD patients relies in clinical practice on the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC scale, whereas the Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI is mainly used in clinical trials. Little is known on the correspondence between the two methods.Methods: Cross-sectional analysis was carried out on data from the French COPD cohort Initiatives BPCO. Dyspnea was assessed by the mMRC scale and the BDI. Spirometry, plethysmography, Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale, St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, exacerbation rates, and physician-diagnosed comorbidities were obtained. Correlations between mMRC and BDI scores were assessed using Spearman’s correlation coefficient. An ordinal response model was used to examine the contribution of clinical data and lung function parameters to mMRC and BDI scores.Results: Data are given as median (interquartile ranges, [IQR]. Two-hundred thirty-nine COPD subjects were analyzed (men 78%, age 65.0 years [57.0; 73.0], forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] 48% predicted [34; 67]. The mMRC grade and BDI score were, respectively, 1 [1–3] and 6 [4–8]. Both BDI and mMRC scores were significantly correlated at the group level (rho =-0.67; P<0.0001, but analysis of individual data revealed a large scatter of BDI scores for any given m

  3. Hiina : olümpiakahjum ettevõtetele / Dexter Roberts, Chi-Chu Tshang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roberts, Dexter

    2008-01-01

    Hiina valitsus on kehtestanud paljudele tööstusettevõtetele nii olümpiamängude kui paraolümpia toimumise ajaks suurt majanduslikku kahju tekitavad ranged tootmispiirangud, mis võivad mõjutada isegi välisriikide tarbijaid

  4. Steven Chu, from Nobel Prize Winner to U.S. Energy Secretary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昊

    2009-01-01

    美国当选总统奥巴马宣布,华裔科学家、诺贝尔物理学奖获得者朱棣文被正式提名为能源部长。朱棣文成为继赵小兰之后,第二位出任美国内阁部长的华裔,也是美国能源部有史以来首位亚裔部长兼专家型部长。

  5. Steven Chu, from Nobel Prize Winner to U.S. Energy Secretary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    美国当选总统奥巴马宣布,华裔科学家、诺贝尔物理学奖获得者朱棣文被正式提名为能源部长。朱棣文成为继赵小兰2后,第二位出任美国内阁部长的华裔,也是美国能源部有史以来首位亚裔部长兼专家型部长。

  6. Le campus et le C.H.U de Bordeaux 1959-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Saboya

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Première partie : Le campus et le CHU : 1959-1974Le campus, style « sévère »Le 23 juillet 1963, le plan masse du complexe universitaire prolongeant les premières réalisations de René-André Coulon est approuvé par le Conseil général des bâtiments de France. L’extension, programmée dès le départ mais impulsée par le recteur Babin, s’étire sur près de 250 ha. Le campus de Talence, Pessac et Gradignan est désormais un des plus grands d’Europe. Le plan, confié à l’architecte parisien Louis Sainsau...

  7. Report relative to the radiotherapy accident occurred at the C.H.U. of Toulouse - Rangueil hospital; Rapport relatif a l'incident de radiotherapie survenu au CHU de Toulouse - Hopital de Rangueil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-05-15

    A defect of calibration of accelerator used for the radiotherapy pulls an uncertainty on 145 patients treated since the starting of the device. It appears after calculation that the volume(of sane organs) concerned by a overdose are only for six cases. It is difficult to know from these data if a sanitary effect can occur the volume irradiated being very low. The manufacturer of the device who detected an abnormality in the files of calibration warns the hospital on April 17., 2007, the hospital stops the functioning of the device on April 18., on April 20. the declaration)of the event arrives at the division of the Asn of Bordeaux. The D.D.A.S.S. of Haute-Garonne and the regional agency of hospitalization (A.R.H.) of south Pyrenees were contacted by the division of Bordeaux. Patients are informed their files will be given to I.R.S.N. for a study concerning eventual side effects. The institute of sanitary surveillance will realize a follow up of the patients concerned and has to propose a protocol of epidemiological surveillance that will be on a two years period that corresponds to the delay of side effects appearance after this kind of treatment. (N.C.)

  8. [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome manifested as massive melæna at CHU-JRA Madagascar hospital: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (SPJ) is characterized by intestinal hamartomatous polyps in association with mucocutaneous lentiginosis. Patients are exposed to mechanical and bleeding complications. It is a cancer predisposition syndrome. Our study highlights the diagnostic criteria for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (SPJ), the complications and the therapeutic progresses in patient care. We report the case of a 32-year-old male presenting with a massive melaena. It was hospitalized in the surgical intensive care unit with hypovolemic shock difficult to control. This required surgical intervention to stop bleeding. We found a hamartomatous polyps in the small intestine which caused bleeding. Peutz Jeghers Syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of labial lentigines during childhood. Clinical and paraclinical explorations did not reveal the presence of cancer. In Madagascar, this disease is still poorly understood. In the literature, the diagnosis of Peutz Jeghers syndrome is based on clinical findings or on the presence of complications such as haemorrhage, invagination or bowel obstruction. In our case, the disease was complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding with hypovolemic shock. Endoscopic polypectomy using double-balloon enteroscopy can reduce emergency small bowel surgery. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a rare disease. Despite this, it is important for clinicians to know it and to take it into consideration in case of gastrointestinal bleeding.

  9. Les infections à Pseudomonas aeruginosa au service des maladies infectieuses du CHU YO, Burkina Faso: à propos deux cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Lassina, Dao; Fla, Koueta

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons deux cas d'infection à Pseudomonas aeruginosa: un cas de méningite et un cas d'infection urinaire. Les auteurs rappellent qu’à côté des étiologies classiques des méningites et des infections urinaires, des germes résistants comme Pseudomonas aeruginosa peuvent être responsables d'infections à localisation méningées et urinaires et dont il faut connaître pour une bonne prise en charge. Le traitement de ces infections requiert un antibiogramme au regard de la grande capacité de résistance de Pseudomonas aeruginosa en milieu hospitalier. La limitation des gestes invasifs et l'application rigoureuse des mesures de prévention des infections en milieu hospitalier contribueront à lutter efficacement contre ces infections en milieu de soins. PMID:26491521

  10. Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q With Magnetic Dipole Antennas Using a Magnetic-Coated PEC Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    We analytically solve the radiation problem for a spherical magnetic dipole antenna with a material-coated perfectly electrically conducting core. Using the closed-form expressions derived for the internal and external stored energies as well as for the radiation quality factor $Q$, we determine...... the optimal geometrical and material parameters of the antenna. We show that the optimal permeability of the coating increases as the coating becomes thinner; as a result, the energy stored in it and the radiation quality factor $Q$ reduce. In the limit of an infinitely thin coating, the optimal permeability...

  11. Etude synthétique sur la gestion des déchets hospitaliers au niveau du CHU - Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    LARABI, Hadjira

    2015-01-01

    RESUME Les déchets d'activité de soins sont parmi ceux dont les dangers sont encore peu ou mal connus en Algérie par le public d'une part et par le secteur sanitaire d'autre part. Ce n'est que récemment qu'un texte de loi a été décrété pour une meilleure gestion de ce type de déchets, suivi de quelques décrets et instructions ministérielles. Le CFIT.J Tlemcen, infrastructure d'une importance régionale incontestable, est doté d'un maximum de services médicaux et chirurgica...

  12. 刘禹锡贬谪诗与楚文化%Liu Yuxi's Relegated Poetry and Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于伟

    2011-01-01

    楚地和楚文化历史悠久,形成了自己的特色.因"永贞革新"被贬楚地的刘禹锡在他贬谪诗的创作中受楚地教巫祝、日火崇拜等风俗影响,其诗显现出新的光芒色彩;对楚地的古迹风物这类人文意象的描写,使其诗有了深刻的内涵;对楚地风雨四季这类自然意象的描绘,使其诗有了更多的灵动气息.不幸的遭际却让刘禹锡的诗歌创作有了新的成就.

  13. Electronic excitation and deexcitation of atoms and molecules in nonequilibrium plasmas; Hiheiko plasma chu no denshi reiki ryushi hanno katei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimamori, H. [Fukui University of Technology, Fukui (Japan)

    1997-05-20

    Regarding excitation and deexcitation due to collision of electrons and deexcitation due to collision of baryons in nonequilibrium plasma, explanation is made about the general characteristics of the elementary processes involving their formation and disappearance and about the prediction of their sectional areas and velocity constants. As for the process of the formation of excited atoms and molecules by collision of electrons, it may be divided into the direct excitation in the ground state, excitation and light emission toward the resonance state, reexcitation and transformation of excited particles, recombination of electrons and positive atomic ions, and dissociation and recombination of electrons and positive molecular ions. As for the process of the disappearance of excited particles, there exist various courses it may follow, and it is quite complicated because it is dependent on the types of particles involved and the conditions the process proceeds under. Although the skeleton has been built of the theory of derivation of the sectional area of excitation due to collision of electrons and atoms/molecules, yet it is accurate enough only when applied to simple atomic/molecular systems, is far from satisfying in general, and is to be augmented by data from future experiments. 22 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Cancer of the penis associated with HIV: a report of three cases presenting at the CHU cocody, ivory coast

    OpenAIRE

    Konan, P. G.; Vodi, C. C.; Dekou, A. H.; Fofana, A.; Gowé, E. E.; Manzan, K.

    2015-01-01

    Background We describe three cases of advanced penile cancer associated with HIV infection. Case presentation Advanced penile cancer associated with VIH infection were discovered in three patients aged respectively 47, 56 and 40. The prognosis was extremely poor. Two patients died without receiving any treatment and one patient was lost to follow-up after refusing all treatment proposed. Conclusion There appears to be a link between HIV infection and penile cancer with concomitant HIV infecti...

  15. [CASTOR-Radiology: software of management in a Unit of Medical Imaging: use in the CHU of Tours].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, P; Rouleau, P; Alison, D; Bristeau, M; Minard, P; Saad, B

    1993-01-01

    Despite the large volume of information circulating in radiology departments, very few of them are currently computerised, although computer processing is developing rapidly in hospitals, encouraged by the installation of PMSI. This article illustrates the example of an imaging department management software: CASTOR-Radiologie, Computerisation of part of the Hospital Information System (HIS) must allow an improvement in the efficacy of the service rendered, must reliably reflect the department's activity and must be able to monitor the running costs. CASTOR-Radiologie was developed in conformity with standard national specifications defined by the Public Hospitals Department of the French Ministry of Health. The functions of this software are: unique patient identification, HIS base, management of examination requests, allowing a rapid reply to clinician's requests, "real-time" follow-up of patients in the department, saving time for secretaries and technicians, medical files and file analysis, allowing analysis of diagnostic strategies and quality control, edition of analytical tables of the department's activity compatible with the PMSI procedures catalogue, allowing optimisation of the use of limited resources, aid to the management of human, equipment and consumable resources. Links with other hospital computers raise organisational rather than technical problems, but have been planned for in the CASTOR-Radiologie software. This new tool was very well accepted by the personnel.

  16. 莎士比亚《雅典的泰门》中精神的完美与溃败

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余烈全

    2012-01-01

    本文旨在运用德里达有关“礼物”的理论以及礼物与宗教的关系,阐释莎士比亚在《雅典的泰门》中对宗教的深刻探讨。通过文本细读研究,笔者发现泰门追寻德里达所谓的真正“礼物”是出于宗教迷恋。但是,对“礼物”的宗教追寻及狂热难以超越世俗的交换机制,使泰门从一个显贵转变为一个仇视人类的疯子。“礼物”的“不可能性”打破了泰门自我的完美神秘,精神溃败于世俗交换机制。莎士比亚通过泰门精神的完美与溃败揭示宗教狂热的非理性本质。%This article is intended to illustrate the exploration of religion in Tirnon of Athens by Shakespeare in the light of Derrida's theory about "gifts" and the relationship between "gifts" and religion. A detailed study on the text of Timon of Athens shows that Timon's pursuit of the so-called true gift by Derrida comes out of his religious obsession. Because of Timon's religious obsession and pursuit,it is difficult for him to transcend the unreligious exchange mechanism, which causes Timon's shift from a generous noble to a mad misanthrope. But the impossibility of obtaining "gift" in return breaks Timon's self demonic mystery and his spirit is defeated by worldly exchange mechanism. By exhibiting the process of Timon's spiritual perfection and crack-up, Shakespeare reveals the irrational nature of religious obsession.

  17. Whole genome sequencing for deciphering the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes, an emerging multidrug-resistant bacterium isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient in Marseille, France

    OpenAIRE

    T. Cimmino; J.-M. Rolain

    2016-01-01

    We decipher the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes MARS15, an emerging multidrug-resistant clinical strain, using the whole genome sequencing strategy. The bacterium was isolated from the sputum of a hospitalized patient with cystic fibrosis in the Timone Hospital in Marseille, France. Genome sequencing was done with Illumina MiSeq using a paired-end strategy. The in silico analysis was done by RAST, the resistome by the ARG-ANNOT database and detection of polyketide synthase (PKS) by ...

  18. Trigeminal neuralgia related to megadolichobasilar artery compression: a prospective series of twenty-nine patients treated with gamma knife surgery, with more than one year of follow-up.

    OpenAIRE

    Tuleasca, Constantin; Carron, Romain; Resseguier, Noémie; Donnet, Anne; Roussel, P.; Gaudart, Jean; Levivier, Marc; Regis, Jean

    2014-01-01

    International audience BACKGROUND:Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) secondary to megadolichobasilar artery (MBA) compression is considerably difficult to manage surgically.OBJECTIVE:This study aims to evaluate the safety/efficacy of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) in this special group of patients.METHODS:Between July 1992 and November 2010, 29 patients with >1 year of follow-up presenting with MBA compression were treated with GKS at Timone University Hospital. Radiosurgery was performed using a Gamma ...

  19. Salida de campo por Valladolid los días 19 y 20 de mayo de 1953

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo por Valladolid capital los días 19 de 20 de mayo de 1953, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre el Erizo (pudiendo ser Erinaceus europaeus o Atelerix algirus), los reptiles: Malpolon monspessulanus (Culebra bastarda, llamada Coleopeltis mouspessulanus por el autor) y Timon lepidus (Lagarto ocelado, llamado Lacerta lepida o Lacerta ocellata por el autor), y las siguientes aves: Asio otus (Búho chico), Clamator glandarius (Críalo europeo), Serinus serinus (Verdecillo), Stur...

  20. Barrier effects on vertebrate distribution caused by a motorway crossing through fragmented forest landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Tellería, J. L.; J.A. Díaz; Pérez–Tris, J.; Juana, E. de; De la Hera, I.; Iraeta, P.; Salvador, A.; Santos, T.

    2011-01-01

    We analysed the effects of a 25–year–old motorway on the distribution of five vertebrates inhabiting a fragmented forest landscape and differing in their ability to move across linear infrastructures. We found clear evidence of barrier effects on the distribution of the forest lizard Psammodromus algirus. The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) was also unequally distributed on both sides of the motorway, but this could also be due, at least in part, to fragmentation. The eyed lizard (Timon lepidu...

  1. Greffe de cornée: expérience du service d'ophtalmologie au CHU Mohammed VI de Marrakech, Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belghmaidi, Sarah; Hajji, Ibtissam; Soummane, Hasna; Ennassiri, Wiam; Essafi, Hafsa; Moutaouakil, Abdeljalil

    2016-01-01

    La kératoplastie transfixiante est l'une des plus fréquentes des greffes de tissus et transplantations d'organes. Le but de notre travail est de rapporter notre expérience en matière de greffe de cornée. C'est une étude prospective de 195 patients ayant bénéficié d'une greffe de cornée sur une période allant d'aout 2009 à Août 2015. Le recul moyen est de 21 mois. Les indications de la greffe étaient le kératocône 33.8%, les séquelles de traumatisme 10.7%, la kératopathie bulleuse 19.5%, les dystrophies héréditaires 10.7%, et les kératites herpétiques 9.2%. L'acuité visuelle initiale était inférieure à 1/10 dans 90% des cas. Nous avons observé une réaction de rejet dans 19 yeux dont 14 étaient récupérables, 33 hypertonies oculaires, 20cataracte, et 2 décollements descmetiques. La greffe de cornée apparaît comme une intervention donnant de bons résultats anatomiques et fonctionnels. Les résultats ne doivent pas occulter une surveillance post opératoire étroite et régulière pour dépister à temps d’éventuelles complications, en particulier le rejet de greffe. PMID:27303575

  2. 屈原楚辞中香草美人意象分析%The Imagery Analysis of Vanilla Beauty in Chu Yuan's chuck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡伟

    2015-01-01

    屈原在其楚辞作品中,采用了大量的香草美人的意象,创造了中国传统的独特的审美表现观,并影响了后人诗人、小说家的创作理念。其实,屈原楚辞作品中的香草美人意象,是运用比兴的手法表达自我心志愿望的一种艺术方式。但是,这种比兴手法被作者寄托情感有了现实性情感性的意义,而脱离了单纯艺术手法的本身。%In the chick written by Qu Yuan , lots of imagery of vanilla beauty have been adopted . It created a special Chinese traditional view of aesthetic , which have influenced the artistic creation of descendents and writers . This kind of imagery is a kind of artistic method which can use the metaphor and analogy to express one's hope. But , this method which is full of author' emotion has the characteristic of realistic and emotion , out of pure art.

  3. Suivi et pathologies de la grossesse chez les femmes immigrées : une étude descriptive au sein du CHU Estaing

    OpenAIRE

    Supplisson, Camille

    2013-01-01

    Le suivi de grossesse des patientes immigrées est parfois difficile du fait de la barrière linguistique et de la différence culturelle. Les immigrés représentaient 8,1% de la population française en 2005. En France, ces personnes ont des droits similaires à toute autre, dans la société comme à l'hôpital. Pourtant, les femmes issues de l'immigration constituent une entité à part entière, de par leurs caractéristiques démographiques et les pathologies développées durant la grossesse. L'objectif...

  4. Strategies to develop market access that contribute to resilience in the Bolivian highlands: Case study: PMCA and BAP for chuño and tunta

    OpenAIRE

    Figueroa, M; Valdivia, Corinne

    2008-01-01

    The study evaluates how the Bolivian Andean Platform (BAP), under the philosophy of the Participatory Market Chain Approach (PMCA) reduces transaction costs for native products, Chuno and Tunta, elaborated by small-scale farmers in three communities in Umala-Bolivia. At a first stage, the study identifies how local native potato varieties' programs (NPVP) developed by the International Potato Center (CIP)-ALTAGRO development project empower farmers to be able to participate in the BAP. It als...

  5. High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R and D resulted in 7 R and D 100 Awards including the 2010 R and D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

  6. Effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter from DI diesel engine; Particulate chu no PAH ni oyobosu nenryo sosei no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, S.; Tatani, T.; Yoshida, H.; Takizawa, H.; Miyoshi, K.; Ikebe, H. [COSMO Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in particulate matter from DI diesel engine was investigated by using deeply desulfurized fuel and model fuel which properties are not interrelated. It was found that the deeply desulfurized fuel have effect on reducing PAH emissions. Furthermore, it was suggested that poly aromatics in the fuel affect PAH emissions and the influence of tri-aromatics in the fuel was promoted by the coexistence of mono-aromatics or naphthene. PAH formation scheme from each fuel component was proposed by chemical thermodynamic data. 4 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    Audiovideo service

    1998-01-01

    Prof. C. Cohen-Tannoudji presents "manipulating atoms with light" . By using quasi-resonant exchanges of energy, linear and angular momentum between atoms and photons, it is possible to polarize atoms, to displace their energy levels and to control their position and their velocity. A few physical mechanisms allowing one to trap atoms and to cool them in the microKelvin, and even in the nanoKelvin range, will be described. Various possible applications of such ultracold atoms will be also reviewed.

  8. Détermination de la concentration minimale inhibitrice et fongicide de quelques antifongiques vis –à- vis des levures isolées du CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Malki, Fatima Zohra

    2015-01-01

    Les infections fongiques ont considérablement augmenté ces dernières années et sont devenues aujourd’hui une préoccupation importante pour les établissements de soins. Bien que Candida albicans soit le pathogène majoritairement identifié lors de ces infections, d’autres espèces non albicans peuvent être impliquées notamment dans de nombreuses pathologies nosocomiales. En effet, ces levures se développent an adhérant à des implants médicaux, tels que les cathéters formant ain...

  9. Management current land use of perennial industrial crops by NDVI index: A case study in Chu Se District, Gia Lai Province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Hoang Khanh Linh; Nguyen, Bich Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    Remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) - an effective tool for managing naturalresources, is quite common application in establishing thematic maps. However, the application of this modern technology in natural resource management has not yet been popular in Vietnam, particularly mapping the land use/cover. Currently, land use/cover map is constructed as traditional methods and gets limitations of management counting due to time-consuming for mapping andsynthesis the status of...

  10. Podnikové sociální sítě - kritické faktory úspěchu

    OpenAIRE

    Šlahař, Dominik

    2014-01-01

    Diploma thesis Enterprise Social Networks - Critical Success Factors is, as its name sug-gests, deals with the area of Enterprise Social Networks, especially implementing into the businesses informatics. Since this is a relatively new technology, terminology, nor the prin-ciples aren't stabilize. That's why I choose target of this thesis to determine what critical factors leading to the success of the implementation Enterprise Social networks into the businesses informatics. These factors I g...

  11. Determinanty úspěchu zemí BRIC na globálním trhu a jejich dopad na světovou ekonomiku

    OpenAIRE

    Mareš, Jan

    2008-01-01

    The BRIC nations are Brazil, Russia, India and China, for the purpose of this thesis I concentrate on Brazil and India. Potential is the word that springs to mind when Brazil and India are mentioned. Brazil and India are developing countries with low GDP per capita (PPP). I demonstrate that Brazil and India have the potential to become world economy leaders in the very near future. This thesis therefore focuses on aspects that have a significant if not a crucial impact on fulfilling the poten...

  12. Effect of three cooking methods on nutrient components and antioxidant capacities of bamboo shootPhyllostachys praecox C.D.Chu et C.S.Chao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-jie ZHANG; Rong JI; Ya-qin HU; Jian-chu CHEN; Xing-qian YE

    2011-01-01

    Three cooking methods,namely boiling,steaming,and stir-frying for 5 to 10 min,were used to evaluate the effect on nutrient components,free amino acids,L-ascorbic acid,total phenolic contents,and antioxidant capacities of bamboo shoots (Phyllostachys praecox).Results showed that boiling and stir-frying had a great effect on the nutrient components and they decreased the contents of protein,soluble sugar,and ash,and caused a great loss in the total free amino acids (decreased by 38.35% and 34.86%,respectively).Significant differences (P<0.05) in free amino acids were observed in the samples cooked by different methods.Stir-fried bamboo shoots had a high fat content which increased by 528.57% because of the addition of edible oil.After boiling,the L-ascorbic acid and total phenolic contents were significantly reduced,while steaming increased total phenolic content by 3.98% and stir-frying well-preserved L-ascorbic acid (78.87% of its previous content).Results of the antioxidative property study showed that stir-frying could increase antioxidant capacities of bamboo shoots.It is concluded that stir-frying is more suitable for bamboo shoots because it could obtain the maximum retention of antioxidant capacities.

  13. Evaluation of a prototype electronic personal health record for patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

    OpenAIRE

    Chiche, Laurent

    2012-01-01

    Laurent Chiche,1 Alessandra Brescianini,1 Julien Mancini,2 Hervé Servy,3 Jean-Marc Durand11Service de Médecine Interne, Centre de Compétence pour la prise en charge des Cytopénies Auto-immunes, Hôpital de la Conception, Marseille, 2Service de Santé Publique, Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille, 3Association AIMSU, Maison des Associations, La Ciotat, FranceBackground: Patients with rare diseases often lack information about...

  14. Are reviewers obstructing stem cell research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Binetruy

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Bernard BinetruyINSERM U626, Faculté de Médecine La Timone, Marseille, FranceA current controversy in stem cell research was published on the BBC website recently. Some stem cell researchers have said that "they believe a small group of scientists is effectively vetoing high quality science from publication in journals". They strongly suspected some reviewers to be deliberately sending back negative comments or asking for unnecessary experiments. Nature editor, Dr Philip Campbell, has said that "this idea is utterly false".

  15. 楚人宗教信仰刍议(续)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡雅丽

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the belief system of the ancient Chupeoplebased on the cosmology of the Chu people. The evidence shown in the article are not only some unearthed Chu bamboo & silk manuscripts and few documents handed down from ancient times,but also the archaeological material of the Chu remains. The author divides the belief system of the Chu people into two types: natural divinity and human ghost, finding out the fundamental idol of the Chu people as well as the main motive force of the development of the fundamental idol. According to the author, the ancient Chu people formed their distinctive cosmology in the course of exploring the nature, on the basis of which they set up the belief system with general character and specific feature themselves.

  16. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U01506-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available enom... 44 3.2 1 ( EL492366 ) CHUS764.b1_H24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Heli...... 44 3.2 1 ( EL490584 ) CHUS5654.b1_K22.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 44 3.2 1 ( EL479800 ) CHUM1778.b1_C14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzl

  17. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12422-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 3 ( EL513628 ) CHUY396.b1_G03.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 1e-06 4 (... EL513966 ) CHUY737.b1_B18.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 1e-06 4 ( DH772441 ) Rattus norvegicus D...03, 5' ... 48 1e-05 3 ( EL513533 ) CHUX637.b1_I16.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Heli... 42 1e-05 3 ( AC10558

  18. 论先秦两汉时期的荆楚巫术文化%A Discussion on the Sorcery Culture in Jing-Chu Area During Qin and Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗运环

    2007-01-01

    先秦两汉时期普遍崇巫,荆楚地区尤"重巫祀".文章充分利用新出简帛资料结合传世文献,贯通先秦两汉,对荆楚地区的多神崇拜、巫术种类、卜筮祭祷、历日禁忌、驱鬼招魂等进行系统地探讨,指出了荆楚巫术以沅湘为盛及东汉以前巫术地位高的原因.

  19. 惟楚有道--读汉民兄《湘学原道录》之随想%Having Dao Solely in Chu --The Opinion on Reading the Book "Xiangxue yuan Dao Lu" Wrote by Zhu Han-min

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    启良

    2004-01-01

    以读朱汉民教授为切入点,试图对湘学传统与湖湘精神予以深层次的理解.作者认为,湖湘哲学虽最得孔门儒学的真义,但并不表明其现代意义完全是正面的.

  20. Melæna massif révélant un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers vu au CHU-JRA Madagascar: à propos d'un cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers (SPJ) est caractérisé par l'association d'une polypose digestive hamartomateuse et d'une lentiginose cutanéo-muqueuse. Les malades sont exposés à des complications mécaniques et hémorragiques. Il s'agit d'un syndrome de prédisposition au cancer. Notre étude a pour objectif de rappeler les diagnostiques d'un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers, de connaitre les complications ainsi que les progrès thérapeutiques dans la prise en charge. Nous avons rapporté le cas d'un homme de 32 ans présentant un melaena massif. Il a été hospitalisé en service de réanimation chirurgicale pour état de choc hypovolémique difficile à contrôler. Il a nécessité une intervention chirurgicale pour arrêter l'hémorragie. Nous avons trouvé un polype hamartomateux dans le grêle qui a causé le saignement. Le diagnostic d'un Syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers a été posé devant la notion de lentiginose labiale pendant l'enfance. Lors de l'exploration clinique et paraclinique, il ne présente pas encore de cancer. A Madagascar, cette pathologie est encore mal connue. Dans la littérature, le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers peut être révélé cliniquement ou au stade de complication comme l'hémorragie, l'invagination ou l'occlusion intestinale. Dans notre cas, la maladie est compliquée d'une hémorragie digestive avec état de choc hypovolémique. La polypectomie endoscopique par entéroscopie à double ballonnet permet de diminuer le recours à la chirurgie grêlique d'urgence. Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers est une affection rare. Mais il est important aux cliniciens de le connaitre et de penser à sa possibilité en cas d'hémorragie digestive. PMID:27217901

  1. 对《楚天都市报》的文化解读%A Kind of Reality - A Reading of Chu Tian Urban Newspaper from the Perspective of Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶李

    2002-01-01

    近几年来,武汉以民间立场、市民特色、世俗关怀营造一个市民化的叙述空间,深深地介入并影响着市民大众的日常生活.事实上,这个言说空间在其对受众进行"召唤"的过程中,渗透在媒体肌理之中的权力话语策略性地操作和处理了信息,使意识形态进入民间社会,并将其转化为民间社会的想象关系.

  2. 《清华大学藏战国竹简(壹)》考释%Textual Interpretation of Three Slips in the Chu -Dynasty Bamboo Slips of Warring States Collected by Tsinghua University ( Vol.1 )

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰

    2012-01-01

    《清华大学藏战国竹简(壹)》公布以后,引起学术界的关注.经过整理者和学者们的积极努力,解决了很多问题,但还是有值得探讨的地方.如《程寤》简8的“思”应释为“畏”,《尹至》、《祭公》等的从中从亡的字应是“丧”.

  3. Effects of OEF/OIF deployment intensity on PTSD diagnoses among still active population: analysis of enlisted and officer populations 2001-2006/ by Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes.

    OpenAIRE

    Shen, Yu-Chu; Arkes, Jeremy

    2009-01-01

    This study estimates the effect of deployment location and length on the risk of being diagnosed with PTSD, relative to what it would be from the normal military operations; and examines the comorbidity distribution within the PTSD population. We use a random sample of active-duty personnel serving between 2001 and 2006. We identify PTSD cases from TRICARE medical records and link deployment information from Contingent Tracking System. We estimate logistic regressions to assess the effect of ...

  4. 金银花尺蠖幼虫头部化学感受器扫描电镜观察%Observation on the larval head chemoreceptors of honeysuckle geometrid Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu with scanning electron microscope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向玉勇; 徐莉; 杨茂发; 李子忠

    2016-01-01

    为了解金银花尺蠖Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu幼虫头部化学感受器的种类、形态、数量和分布,利用扫描电镜技术观察其老熟幼虫头部形态及触角和口器上的化学感受器.结果表明,金银花尺蠖老熟幼虫头部呈椭圆形;触角上着生1个毛形感受器、3个刺形感受器、1个栓锥形感受器和2个锥形感受器;上颚分布有1对毛形感受器;下颚分布有3个毛形感受器、2个刺形感受器、2个栓锥形感受器和8个锥形感受器;下唇须上有1个栓锥形感受器和1个刺形感受器;在吐丝器前方两侧有1对刺形感受器.金银花尺蠖幼虫触角上的化学感受器较少,口器附肢上化学感受器较多.

  5. A Study on the Chinese writing difficulty of junior secondary students with dyslexia in Hong Kong = Xianggang chu zhong du xie zhang ai xue sheng de Zhong wen xie zuo kun nan yan jiu

    OpenAIRE

    Luk, Pei-yee; 陸姵而

    2015-01-01

    According to the statistics of the Education Bureau, 6248 junior secondary students had been identified with special learning difficulties in 2014. The incidence rate of this group of students suffering from dyslexia is about 80%. This dissertation explores and investigates the Chinese writing difficulties of the junior secondary students with dyslexia encountered from the perspectives of teachers and students. The research consists of two studies. Study1 aims atinvestigating the language...

  6. Ouyang xiu's Relegation of the Chu Zhou and his Zui Weng Ting Ji%欧阳修的滁州之贬与《醉翁亭记》之抒情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世忠

    2011-01-01

    欧阳修因参与范仲淹"庆历新政"而被指为革新派"朋党"。庆历五年,政敌罗织"盗甥"罪名,将他贬至滁州。贬滁期间的欧阳修心情痛苦、郁闷,此期创作的《醉翁亭记》,一方面透露着他蔑视打击、付毁誉于山林的不屈态度,另方面,也寄托着他遭遇人身污蔑及再次贬谪后,以放情于山林的姿态"娱文章"、遣苦闷、远世患的用意。本文的抒情内涵并非如论者指出的"悠闲自适"或"与民同乐"等那么简单。%Song Qingli five years,because Ou yangxiu took part in the political reform movement initiated by the Fan Zhongyan,he was banished to the Chuzhou,feeling depressed.He had created Zui Weng Ting Ji during his life in Chuzhou.This article contains his attitude of contempting for the political enemies.

  7. QU Yuan's Relegation to the North of the Han River and the Interpretation of Relevant Place Allusions in Chu Ci%屈原贬谪汉北与楚辞相关名物典故的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李炳海

    2014-01-01

    《天问》末章出现两个历史典故,即吴军入郢和子文名彰.屈原从郢都前往贬谪地汉北,所经过的地域有的是当年上楚交战的疆场,或是与当年的战场仅有一水之隔,还有的是令尹子文所属若敖氏家族覆灭的地方,这是把上述两个历史典故写入《天问》的重要原因.《招魂》乱辞与《天问》末章同属纪实型叙事,其中的庐江位于今湖北襄阳、宜城之间,那里确实是楚国朝廷的猎场.《招魂》乱辞中的屈原,扮演的是观猎者的角色,表达的是恋郢情结.《卜居》中的郑詹尹,应是郑国贵族的后裔,是隐于卜筮的贤人.西北楚文化与中土精英阶层巫文化,存在密切的关联.《渔父》和《卜居》都是以屈原贬谪汉北为背景.渔父是在汉北吟唱沧浪之歌.

  8. Application of digital virtual reality technique to Chu-culture Museum%数字虚拟技术在楚文化博物馆设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李溪喧; 张霞; 鲁巍

    2002-01-01

    介绍了数字虚拟技术应用于荆门楚文化博物馆方案设计的全过程.在楚文化博物馆的立意构思、平面设计、外部空间造型、内部空间构成、材料及色彩设计等方面,虚拟现实技术均体现了极强的实时性、仿真性、交互性和灵活性.通过电脑软件控制,实现了在虚拟楚文化博物馆中的全景漫游,展示了数字虚拟技术在建筑设计领域的广阔前景.

  9. Analyse des facteurs histo-pronostiques du cancer du rectum non métastatique dans une série ouest Algérienne de 58 cas au CHU-Tlemcen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesli, Smain Nabil; Regagba, Derbali; Tidjane, Anisse; Benkalfat, Mokhtar; Abi-Ayad, Chakib

    2016-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de notre travail est d'analyser les facteurs histo-pronostiques des cancers du rectum non métastatique opérés au service de chirurgie «A» de Tlemcen à ouest Algérien durant une période de six ans. Méthodes Etude rétrospective de 58 patients qui avait un adénocarcinome rectal. Le critère de jugement était la survie. Les paramètres étudiés, le sexe, l’âge, stade tumoral, et les récidives tumorales. Résultats L’âge moyen était de 58 ans. Avec 52% d'hommes contre 48% femmes avec sex-ratio (1,08). Le siège tumoral était: moyen rectum avec 41,37%, 34,48% au bas rectum et dans 24,13% au haut rectum. La classification TNM avec 17,65% au stade I, 18,61% au stade II, 53, 44% au stade III et 7,84% au stade IV. La survie médiane globale était de 40 mois ±2,937 mois. La survie en fonction du stade tumoral, le stade III et IV avait un faible taux de survie (19%) a 3 ans contre le stade I, II avait un taux de survie de (75%) (P = 0,000) (IC 95%). Les patients avec récidives tumorales avaient un taux de survie faible à 3 ans par rapport à ceux n'ayant pas eu de récidive (30,85% Vs 64,30% P = 0,043). Conclusion Dans cette série, l’étude uni varié des différents facteurs pronostiques conditionnant la survie n'a permis de retenir que trois facteurs influençant la survie, à savoir la taille tumorale, le stade, et les récidives tumorales. En analyse multi variée en utilisant le modèle Cox un seul facteur été retenu la récidive tumorale. PMID:27583069

  10. Ionization current in N2 gas. Part 7. ; Diffusion and reflection of metastable particles. N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 7. ; Jun antei reiki ryushi no kakusan to hansha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H. (Chiba Inst. of Technology, Chiba (Japan)); Ikuta, N. (Tokushima Univ., Tokushima (Japan))

    1993-06-20

    The energy loss process in quenching of excited particles by collision to other ones and solid surfaces was investigated with metastable excited particles formed in weakly ionized gases. The measured lifetime of N2 metastable particles in N2, N2/CO, N2/CH3 gases during Townsent discharge did not agree with the Molnar's theoretical value which was obtained by solving diffusion equations using the boundary condition that assumes the density of excited particles to be zero at electrodes and tube walls. Strange behavior was observed too, that is, coefficients of diffusion and reaction rate determined by the theoretical lifetime change systematically with the distance between electrodes. Then, the novel boundary condition that takes reflection coefficient into account was applied to solve diffusion equations. The results obtained could account for experimental results without any discrepancy. The analysis of results clarified the dependence of various parameters of metastable excited particles on the reflection coefficient. The increase of reflection coefficient decreases the surface quenching of excited particles at electrodes and elongs effectively excited lifetime and increases the number of collisional quenching in gas phases. 16 refs., 8 figs.

  11. The Research on the Construction of the Characteristic Documentary Store of the Culture of The Ancient Western CHU Period%西楚文化特色文献馆藏建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽红

    2010-01-01

    本文介绍了西楚文化的由来、西楚文化的内涵、西楚文化的作用,以及建立西楚文化特色文献馆藏的意义,并以江苏宿迁学院图书馆文献建设为例,探讨了西楚文化特色馆藏的建设思路,提出了西楚文化特色文献的收集、分类和数字化方案.

  12. An approach to patient dose optimisation in interventional radiology at the Clermont-Ferrand Hospital Centre; Demarche d'optimisation de la dosimetrie des patients en radiologie interventionnelle au CHU de Clermont-Ferrand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guersen, Joel; Chabrot, Pascal; Cassagnes, Lucie; Gabrillargues, Jean; Boyer [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire - CHU, Clermont-Ferrand (France)

    2011-07-15

    In late October 2009, a serious event occurred in the imaging unit of the Clermont- Ferrand university hospital, corresponding to localised pruritic erythematous cutaneous lesions which resemble radiation-induced damage, following a double pelvic arterial embolization, which saved the life of a young female patient. The imaging unit and the General Management of the University Hospital notified ASN of the event and an on-site dosimetric appraisal carried out by IRSN confirmed that there was a very strong probability that the cutaneous symptoms were attributable to radiation. An internal inquiry concluded that there was a problem with optimisation of the machine parameters in the angiography facility concerned. The imaging unit then initiated a Patient dosimetry optimisation process for the 3 vascular radiology and vascular neuro-radiology facilities in the establishment, divided into 3 main phases dealing with: - image acquisition rates; - the high-voltage settings of the facility concerned, following notification of the event to AFSSAPS, implicating the manufacturer; - the radioscopy and radiography image acquisition parameters, following intervention by the IRSN experts at the request of the imaging unit. On the facility concerned, the reduction in the X-ray dose delivered to the patients was initially 30%, then 35% and finally 25%, representing a total reduction by a factor of three. (authors)

  13. On the "Outspoken Spirit" of Chu An-ping and The Observation%试论《观察》周刊和储安平的独立发言精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付祥喜

    2005-01-01

    储安平创办的周刊是在20世纪40年代后期产生过巨大社会影响的刊物.在复杂而动荡的环境中,储安平通过这一个自由主义堡垒,坚持独立发言精神,揭露国民党腐败政治,支持学生运动,批评美国对华政策.储安平的独立发言和周刊是国统区第二条战线中,与学生和工农运动相呼应的一种进步的舆论力量.

  14. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04257-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ne ... 48 0.40 1 ( EL483220 ) CHUM5135.b1_N11.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 48 0.40 1 ( EL479670 ) CH...UM1646.b1_L03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 48 0.40 1 ( EL474614 ) CHUL2558.b1_K16.ab1 CHU(LMS) puz...zle sunflower Hel... 48 0.40 1 ( EL474613 ) CHUL2557.b1_I16.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sun

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-XTRO-01-0587 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-XTRO-01-0587 ref|ZP_01883526.1| CHU large protein; uncharacterized [Pedobacter... sp. BAL39] gb|EDM36996.1| CHU large protein; uncharacterized [Pedobacter sp. BAL39] ZP_01883526.1 0.077 20% ...

  16. Beijing Lack of "Carrier"Exhibition Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    An Interview towards Mr. Chu Xiangyin, Vice Chairman of Beijing Subcouncil, CCPIT Reporter: Would you please tell us development of exhibition industry in Beijing? Chu Xiangyin: Beijing Statistical Bureau and us have been designing and analyzing statistical system for exhibition industry from 2003. As the largest exhibition center in Beijing,

  17. 78 FR 48773 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... MARY ETTLIN-THRUELSEN MARY KAREN EU ANDREW DOUGLAS EVELIN CAROL LINDSEY FADI CHRISTINE MARIE FAID CAROL... SUNGPIL CHOW JULIETTE LIP MING CHOW KIMMIE KIN MING CHRIST NICOLAS MARTIN CHU VANEESE WING YEE CHU LI MARY... VANESSA STEPHANIE DENNEMEYER MARY CATHERINE DENNETT FRANCES ELIZABETH DER BURG ELSBETH VON...

  18. Dicty_cDB: VHF127 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ce. 72 3e-12 2 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower... Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 3e-12 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle

  19. Dicty_cDB: VHA289 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available complete cds. 369 2e-98 1 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle... sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-12 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzl

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U07986-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 4932.b2_H10.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 58 5e-04 1 ( EL474789 ) CHUL2734.b1_K11.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz...le sunflower Hel... 58 5e-04 1 ( EL360649 ) CCEM5342.b1_L16.ab1 CCE(LMS) endive Cic

  1. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U09821-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .. 46 1e-10 16 ( EL488883 ) CHUS4088.b1_O14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... ...70 2e-07 1 ( EL488719 ) CHUS3939.b1_F01.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 70 2e-07 1 ( AJ437721 ) Heliant

  2. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15319-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ltivar Ohio43 histone aceytl-transfera... 48 3e-12 5 ( EL478722 ) CHUL7255.b1_N14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflo...wer Hel... 72 3e-12 2 ( EL480423 ) CHUM2410.b1_D03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower

  3. Dicty_cDB: VHB154 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA se...quence. 72 5e-12 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cD

  4. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12055-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 941236 ) CHPX9058.b1_C10.ab1 CHP(XYZ) plains sunflower Hel... 34 9.3 2 ( EL485942 ) CHUM7676.b1_H24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle... sunflower Hel... 34 9.4 2 ( EL481883 ) CHUM3888.b1_O11.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  5. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05133-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available scoideum mannosyltransferase gene, ... 44 0.005 2 ( EL483777 ) CHUM5658.b1_C24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower... Hel... 54 0.006 1 ( EL477046 ) CHUL5274.b1_C24.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel

  6. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U14161-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available us clone CH230-90F19, *** SEQUENCI... 46 0.001 2 ( EL489562 ) CHUS4712.b2_P01.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower ...Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EL484146 ) CHUM5998.b1_K12.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( AC116979 )

  7. Dicty_cDB: VHE489 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ) Value N EL477374 |EL477374.1 CHUL5577.b1_A04.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxuscDNA clone ...CHUL5577, mRNA sequence. 52 0.015 1 EL474819 |EL474819.1 CHUL2764.b1_G19.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  8. Dicty_cDB: VHD691 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 6245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradox...us cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 74 6e-13 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle su

  9. Dicty_cDB: VHE875 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 16 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL...4181, mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle

  10. Dicty_cDB: VHB564 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 7...2 1e-17 4 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone

  11. Friends of NSFC in Obama's Cabinet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Youxin

    2008-01-01

    @@ On 15 December,2008,the US President-Elect Obama Picked Steven Chu for Energy Secretary.Steven Chu is an old friend of NSFC.On May 4,1998,he attended a reception of Nobel Prize winners in Beijing hosted by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.The following photos were taken at the meeting.

  12. Specific oligopeptides in fermented soybean extract inhibit NF-κB-dependent iNOS and cytokine induction by toll-like receptor ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Woo Hyung; Wu, Hong Min; Lee, Chan Gyu; Sung, Dae Il; Song, Hye Jung; Matsui, Toshiro; Kim, Han Bok; Kim, Sang Geon

    2014-11-01

    The ethanol extract of fermented soybean from Glycine max (chungkookjang, CHU) has been claimed to have chemopreventive and cytoprotective effects. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of CHU on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokine induction by toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands treatment and attempted to identify the responsible active components. Nitric oxide (NO) content and iNOS levels in the media or RAW264.7 cells were measured using the Griess reagent and real-time polymerase chain reaction assays. CHU treatment inhibited NO production and iNOS induction elicited by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, TLR4L) in a concentration-dependent manner. Tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 productions were also diminished. Peptidoglycans (TLR2/6L) and CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (TLR9L) from CHU inhibited iNOS induction, but not poly I:C (TLR3L) or loxoribine (TLF7L). The anti-inflammatory effect resulted from the inhibition of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) through the inhibition of inhibitory-κB degradation. Of the representative components in CHU, specific oligopeptides (AFPG and GVAWWMY) had the ability to inhibit iNOS induction by LPS, whereas others failed to do so. Daidzein, an isoflavone used for comparative purposes, was active at a relatively higher concentration. In an animal model, oral administration of CHU to rats significantly diminished carrageenan-induced paw edema and iNOS induction. Our results demonstrate that CHU has anti-inflammatory effects against TLR ligands by inhibiting NF-κB activation, which may result from specific oligopeptide components in CHU. Since CHU is orally effective, dietary applications of CHU and/or the identified oligopeptides may be of use in the prevention of inflammatory diseases. PMID:25184943

  13. Word population analysis and other evidences indicate that Shiji was amended by Liu Xiang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Ting-Ting; Wang, Shih-Chieh; Hu, Chin-Kun

    2015-11-01

    Shiji prepared by Shima Qian in Western Han Dynasty (202 BC-9 AD) was the most famous historical book in historical China. The current version of Shiji contains 130 chapters, including 10 chapters which contains some parts starting with the sentence "Mr. Chu said …"; such parts were considered to be written by Chu Shaosun by Chang Yen in the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280 AD), which was widely accepted. We have analyzed the word population in Shiji and books written by Liu Xiang (77 BC-6 BC) in Western Han Dynasty, who was a member of the royal family. Our results and other evidences indicate that the parts of Shiji starting with the sentence "Mr. Chu said …" were prepared by Liu Xiang. The other evidences include (1) The ending year of the events mentioned in "Mr. Chu said..." was considered to be 47 BC, the second year of Emperor Yuan (as Emperor in 48 BC-32 BC) of Western Han Dynasty, and in the same year Liu Xiang was put into a jail, then left power center for many years. Such coincidence suggests that Liu Xiang wrote the parts "Mr. Chu said …" in Shiji. (2) Liu Xiang's education, interest, and writings are quite consistent with the parts with "Mr. Chu said …" in Shiji. On the other hand, one cannot find such a connection with Chu Shaosun, who did not have any other identified writings for comparison.

  14. An Outer Membrane Protein Involved in the Uptake of Glucose Is Essential for Cytophaga hutchinsonii Cellulose Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hong; Wang, Xia; Yang, Tengteng; Zhang, Weixin; Chen, Guanjun; Liu, Weifeng

    2016-03-01

    Cytophaga hutchinsonii specializes in cellulose digestion by employing a collection of novel cell-associated proteins. Here, we identified a novel gene locus, CHU_1276, that is essential for C. hutchinsonii cellulose utilization. Disruption of CHU_1276 in C. hutchinsonii resulted in complete deficiency in cellulose degradation, as well as compromised assimilation of cellobiose or glucose at a low concentration. Further analysis showed that CHU_1276 was an outer membrane protein that could be induced by cellulose and low concentrations of glucose. Transcriptional profiling revealed that CHU_1276 exerted a profound effect on the genome-wide response to both glucose and Avicel and that the mutant lacking CHU_1276 displayed expression profiles very different from those of the wild-type strain under different culture conditions. Specifically, comparison of their transcriptional responses to cellulose led to the identification of a gene set potentially regulated by CHU_1276. These results suggest that CHU_1276 plays an essential role in cellulose utilization, probably by coordinating the extracellular hydrolysis of cellulose substrate with the intracellular uptake of the hydrolysis product in C. hutchinsonii. PMID:26773084

  15. A Preliminary Study on Early Chu's Culture%早期楚文化初析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹弘兵

    2011-01-01

    江汉地区的早期楚文化遗存最早出现于夏商时期的盘龙城遗址,以鼎式鬲为代表,主要分布于鄂东地区。晚商至西周早期汉水东北地区出现柱足鬲遗存。西周中晚期时早期楚文化正式形成,出现早期楚式鬲和完整的早期楚文化陶器组合。此时早期楚文化遍及江汉地区,重心则在鄂西地区。夏商时期的早期楚文化与楚国无关,西周时期的楚国也只是早期楚文化中很小的一支。%Panlongcheng, dated to the Xia and Shang period and mainly distributed to eastern Hubei province, is the earliest manifestation of Chu culture in Jianghan area, which is represented by the ding- cauldron style li-tripod. Cultural manifestation with vessels of Column-foot li-tripod appeared in nor- theastern Han River area, dated to late Shang to early Western Zhou period. Chu manifestations during the middle-to-late Western Zhou period is represented by a combination of early Chu style li-tripod and and other early Chu pottery vessels. Meanwhile, sites of early Chu culture are distributed all over the Jianghan area, but the center remained to be located in western Hubei province. Early Chu culture in Xia and Shang period has little to do with cultural manifestation of Chu State, while the Chu State duing the Western Zhou was only a small part of early Chu culture.

  16. Barrier effects on vertebrate distribution caused by a motorway crossing through fragmented forest landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tellería, J. L.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We analysed the effects of a 25–year–old motorway on the distribution of five vertebrates inhabiting a fragmented forest landscape and differing in their ability to move across linear infrastructures. We found clear evidence of barrier effects on the distribution of the forest lizard Psammodromus algirus. The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus was also unequally distributed on both sides of the motorway, but this could also be due, at least in part, to fragmentation. The eyed lizard (Timon lepidus, that can move through open fields, showed no evidence of barrier effects. The distribution of two small birds (Erithacus rubecula and Phylloscopus bonelli was unaffected by the motorway. Our results show that a motorway may severely restrict the distribution of species which can withstand high levels of forest fragmentation but show limited dispersal ability, highlighting the role of linear infrastructures in shaping species’ ranges at regional scales.

  17. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15443-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lic Acid Glyc... 42 7e-04 2 ( EL475659 ) CHUL3619.b1_F17.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunf...Schistosoma japonicum cDNA similar ... 42 0.12 2 ( EL482406 ) CHUM4387.b1_F17.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower ...200.b1_O04.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 42 5e-04 3 ( CD414213 ) Gm_ck46258 Soybean induced by Salicy.... 58 2e-04 2 ( EH303465 ) UAHYP_14C_F_G04 UaHyphae_ARS Uromyces appendicula... 46 3e-04 2 ( EL483290 ) CHUM5

  18. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U03567-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available A... 32 0.001 4 ( EL490927 ) CHUS5969.b1_A06.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EL489897 ) CH...US5018.b1_C07.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EL488260 ) CHUS34...85.b1_I07.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 56 0.001 1 ( EE654588 ) CHES4477.b1_I16.ab1 CHE(LMS) serpenti

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12691-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available le sunflower Hel... 44 8.5 1 ( EL473924 ) CHUL1852.b1_H08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunfl...ower Hel... 44 8.5 1 ( EL473578 ) CHUL1499.b1_F16.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower H..... 44 8.5 1 ( CG928985 ) MBEKA23TRB mth2 Medicago truncatula genomic clone... 44 8.5 1 ( EL476161 ) CHUL4104.b1_O18.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz

  20. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U16043-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available phase... 70 5e-30 3 ( EL484923 ) CHUM6717.b1_J23.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 74 5e-30 5 ( CN550770 ...ild sunflowe... 66 2e-23 3 ( EL478038 ) CHUL6624.b1_O23.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 66 2e-23 3 ( FG...6.f Dekkera bruxellensis Random Genomic Lib... 105 3e-18 1 ( EL475989 ) CHUL3945.b1_B03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  1. Radiological evaluation of the fetal face using three-dimensional ultrasound imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Bäumler M; Bigorre M; Faure J-M

    2012-01-01

    Marcel Bäumler,1–3 Michèle Bigorre,1,4 Jean-Michel Faure1,51CHU Montpellier, Centre de Compétence des Fentes Faciales, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 2Clinique du Parc, Imagerie de la Femme, Castelnau-le-Lez, 3Cabinet de Radiologie du Trident, Lunel, 4CHU Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 5CHU Montpellier, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpi...

  2. Optimized high-temperature cathode-heater unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In electrophysical apparatus and accelerators that form electron beams with a high current density, the most stringent requirements are imposed on the operating life, reliability, and thermal efficiency of the high-temperature cathode-heater units (CHU), the replacement of which involves great expenditures of time and prolonged shutdown of the apparatus. The shortcomings of existing CHUs with LaB6 emitters include, among others, the low optical transparency of the graphite heating element and inconstancy of the temperature field of the emitter owing to unavoidable thickening at the locations of the massive leads. All of this reduces the thermal efficiency of the CHU. The authors describe a CHU that is free of the above-mentioned shortcomings. The CHU has a thermal efficiency of > 80% and a temperature inconstancy ΔT 2, at temperature T = 2,050 K is 700 h

  3. Data Analysis Details (DS): SE57_DS01 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available as analyzed using hierarchical clustering based on the Euclidean distance and vis...malized by z -score transformation using the software TM4 MEV (Chu et al. 2008). The resulting data matrix w

  4. Published papers about Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge used in traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Chu Kedan, Ji Guolu, Shi Hong, Xie Weirong, Zhang Yuqin, Zhang Xiaoqin. Study of the alcohol extraction process of Shenhu granules. Strait Pharmaceutical Journal, 2011, 23(03): 21-24. Email: chukd5917@ 163.com

  5. Improvement of the South China Sea Prediction System Using NSCAT Winds, A Research Project Outline

    OpenAIRE

    Peter C. Chu

    1999-01-01

    Peter C. Chu, Principal Investigator. Improvement of the South China Sea Prediction System Using NSCAT Winds, NASA/JPL (through California State University, Monterey Bay) NASA/JPL (through California State University

  6. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15640-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available serriola Lac... 50 2e-12 3 ( EL478722 ) CHUL7255.b1_N14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 72 4e-12 2 ( E...L480423 ) CHUM2410.b1_D03.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 72 5e-12 2 ( EY798275 ) CR05-C3-701-064-H01-C...6L12 mRN... 48 7e-08 4 ( EL491359 ) CHUS6363.b1_E08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Hel... 72 8e-08 1 ( EL4773...66 ) CHUL557.b1_J19.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Heli... 72 8e-08 1 ( EE642566 )

  7. Specific Oligopeptides in Fermented Soybean Extract Inhibit NF-κB-Dependent iNOS and Cytokine Induction by Toll-Like Receptor Ligands

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Woo Hyung; Wu, Hong Min; LEE, CHAN GYU; Sung, Dae Il; Song, Hye Jung; Matsui, Toshiro; Kim, Han Bok; Kim, Sang Geon

    2014-01-01

    The ethanol extract of fermented soybean from Glycine max (chungkookjang, CHU) has been claimed to have chemopreventive and cytoprotective effects. In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effect of CHU on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cytokine induction by toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands treatment and attempted to identify the responsible active components. Nitric oxide (NO) content and iNOS levels in the media or RAW264.7 cells were measured using the Griess reagent an...

  8. Dicty_cDB: VHC835 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 017.1 D.discoideum elongation factor 2 mRNA, complete cds. 581 e-162 1 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle...ce. 72 5e-14 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA

  9. Dicty_cDB: VHE642 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NA clone GR__Ea43H12 3', mRNA sequence. 58 6e-17 4 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle s...unflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-16 4 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle

  10. Dicty_cDB: VHC467 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ndii cDNA clone GR__Ea43H12 3', mRNA sequence. 58 3e-17 4 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle...4 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL418

  11. Dicty_cDB: VHB162 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus par...adoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle

  12. Mechanisms of sound seattering by biological targets and their aggregates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Gorska

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Natalia Gorska's thesis is based on a set of 9 papers published in scientific journals (Gorska & Klusek 1998, Gorska 2000, Gorska & Chu 2001a, b, Gorska & Ona 2003a, b and conference proceedings (Gorska & Klusek 1994, Gorska 1999, Gorska & Chu 2000, which broadly summarise her integrated research achievements in underwater acoustics from 1994 to 2003. She is the sole author of two of the articles (Gorska 1999, 2000, and is the first co-author, taking a leading part, in the others (Gorska & Klusek 1994, 1998, Gorska & Chu 2000, Gorska & Chu 200la, b, Gorska & Ona 2003a, b.     Her research objective was to work out the theoretical background to certain problems of sound scattering by biological targets - single individuals and aggregated layers of fish and zooplankton - in relation to environmental conditions in the sea. In the study she focused on acoustical extinction and backscattering, including the phenomenon of echo interference. In conjunction wit h the co-authors of papers Gorska & Ona 2003a, b, Gorska & Chu 2001a, b and Gorska & Chu 2000, she was able to apply and verify her theoretical results empirically.

  13. La recherche de la surexpression de la protéine et l'amplification du gène HER2 dans le cancer de l'estomac par immunohistochimie et Hybridation in Situ: expérience du CHU HASSAN II de Fès

    OpenAIRE

    El Fatemi, Hinde; Hammas, Nawal; Idrissi, Karima; Mellas, Nawfel; Bennani, Amal; Amarti, Afaf; Cayre, Anne; Penault-Llorca, Frederique; Mesbahi, Omar

    2012-01-01

    La surexpression de l'Her2 a été détectée dans plusieurs cancers et a été particulièrement étudiée dans le cancer du sein. Elle est décrite dans 10 à 30% des adénocarcinomes gastriques. Un statut HER2 positif est un facteur de mauvais pronostic et un facteur prédictif de la réponse à l'herceptine (trastuzumab). Cet article présente les résultats d'une étude préliminaire portant sur 31 cas de tumeurs gastriques, et dont le but est d’évaluer la surexpression de l’ HER2 dans les adénocarcinomes ...

  14. 云南高原楚雄市城市发展规模与城市热岛效应关系分析%Relationship between Urban Development Scale and Heart Island Effect in Yunnan Plateau ChuXiong City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何萍; 李宏波; 张琴

    2012-01-01

    The paper selecting the size of the elements of urban development indicators, using of correlation analysis, systematically analyses the development of its urban heat island intensity of relations in Chuxiong of Yunnan during the period 1990-2009 and finds that built-up area, non-agricultural population and the urban heat island are close. Then the paper using the weighted evaluation index scale of urban development, establishes the scale of urban development of urban heat island intensity and changes in trends in Chuxiong City, and finds that in recent years with the Chuxiong urban heat island intensity on the scale of the development year by year, then proposes new city by establishing concept of development, and improving urban ecological planning, and several other areas to further mend the negative impact of the Chuxiong urban heat island effect.%选取城市发展规模要素的指标,运用相关分析法,系统分析楚雄市1990~2009年期间城市规模的发展对其城市热岛强度的影响关系,发现建成区面积、非农业人口与城市热岛效应关系密切.再采用加权综合评价法计算城市发展规模综合指数,建立楚雄市城市发展规模与城市热岛强度的变化趋势图,发现近年来楚雄年热岛强度随着城市规模的发展逐年上升,建议通过树立新的城市发展观、搞好城市生态规划等几个方面来进一步改善楚雄“城市热岛效应”的负面影响.

  15. Skills Gained from University Library Instruction Sessions Are Perceived as Useful Four to Eight Weeks Later. A review of: Wong, Gabrielle, Diana Chan, and Sam Chu. “Assessing the Enduring Impact of Library Instruction Programs.” Journal of Academic Librarianship 32.4 (July 2006: 384‐95.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorie A. Kloda

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To assess the impact of a university library instruction program.Design – Survey questionnaire administered post‐intervention.Setting – A mid‐size science and technology university in Hong Kong.Subjects – Student and staff participants in either course specific or open (elective library instruction workshops.Methods – Surveys were conducted to measure the perceived effectiveness of the library instruction program, including various types of course specific (CS and open workshops (OW. Librarians responsible for teaching nominated the sample of workshops for evaluation. Students in all but one CS workshop wereprovided with a 14‐question paper questionnaire in class by their course instructor, while participants in all of the open workshops and one CS workshop received the same questionnaire via e‐mail. The questionnaires were distributed between four to eight weeks following the workshops in order to gauge the “enduring” impact of the instruction. Most questions were closed, forcing participants to choose an answer from a list or select from a 4‐ or 7‐point Likert scale. Comments were also solicited. Results were summarised andanalysed using SPSS software. The CS and OW questionnaires were studied separately to allow for comparisons between groups. Main results – Out of 133 workshops taught in the fall of 2004, 25 were included in the sample: 15 CS and 10 OW. The overallresponse rate was 68%, with 466 participants completing questionnaires. Most participants indicated that the workshops were useful for learning about sources and search methods for finding information quickly. The majority (72.2% responded that they felt an increase in confidence when conducting library research and slightly more than half (57.9% agreed the workshops led to an increased interest in using the library. The responses differedsignificantly for the CS and OW groups: OW participants consistently rated the usefulness of the workshops higher than CS participants. In regards to retention of skills, 68.5% of participants responded in the affirmative when asked of they had continued using the skills taught, with rates ranging from 56 to 83% depending on theworkshop. There was little difference in perceived retention between the CS and OW groups. The skills most frequently identified as having been learned included the abilities to “form better search strategies” and “find better Internet resources.” Written feedback included remarks on reducing class size and length, and increasing practice time and the number of handouts. Conclusion – A “delayed perception survey” revealed positive feedback from library workshop participants on questions about confidence, usefulness, and retention of skills learned. There was a significant difference in confidence levels reported between CS and OW groups, with OW participants reporting higher levels of confidence. The researchers surmise this might be a result of self‐selection, as OW participants volunteered both to attend thelibrary instruction workshops and to respond to the survey questionnaire. The short questionnaire is an efficient tool forassessing the perceived usefulness of library workshops for both course‐integrated sessions and elective workshops.

  16. 发愤抒情,以情译诗--杨宪益、戴乃迭《楚辞选》英译析评%Expressing Emotions and Translating Poems with Affections---Comments on English Versions of Selected Elegies of the State of Chu by YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2015-01-01

    “发愤抒情”是屈原表达其创作旨趣时提出的诗学观念。杨宪益、戴乃迭以情译诗,努力传达《楚辞》的情感力量、道德境界、文化意蕴,体现屈原的“哀与悲”“恐与惜”“思与怀”之情感。他们以传播中国文化的价值与灵魂为翻译目的,以源语为中心力求保存原作的要义,同时也考虑到目的语读者的期待视野和接受能力,采用直译、意译、释译相结合的方法,尽量使译文产生与原文相似的美学效果。%“Expressing one’ s emotions” is a poetic concept of writing put forward by QU Yuan. YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang translate poems with affections in order to convey the emotional power, moral state and cultural implication. They also try to reflect QU Yuan’ s feelings such as “grief and sorrow”,“fear and pity” and “yearning for hometown and monarch”. Taking spreading Chinese culture’ s values and soul as the translation purpose, they try to keep the spirit of the source text by focusing on Chinese culture. Meanwhile, they also take into consideration of target readers’ acceptance and expectations. Lit-eral translation, free translation and interpretation are used to make similar aesthetic effect of the original text.

  17. 折戟沉沙铁未销,自将磨洗认前朝——读力之教授《《楚辞》与中古文献考说》%An Academic Book Review for Professor Lizhi's Textual Research on ChuCi and Literatures of Medieval Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪超

    2010-01-01

    力之教授与中古文献考说>是二部逻辑严密、材料翔实的论文集,三十二篇论文分别在和中古文献领域构建起完整的研究体系.全书始终站在"以古还古"的立场上,在历史语境中考察问题.该书特点大要有三,日:探共性,辩众说,溯源头.

  18. Ionization current in N2 gas. 11. Three dimensional analysis for loss processes of metastable particles affected by the reflection at the boundary; N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 11. Kyokai deno hansha wo koryoshita jun`antei reiki ryushi sonshitsu katei no sanjigen kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H.; Ikuta, N. [Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba (Japan)

    1998-10-01

    Loss processes of the nitrogen metastable molecule N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) in plane parallel electrodes have been investigated by us previously by solving the diffusion equation. Our procedure is based on an analysis using the third kind of boundary condition which can take account of finite values for the density of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) at the electrode surfaces. The values of the effective lifetime of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) calculated from this analysis were reasonably consistent with our experiments. This paper describes the behavior of the effective lifetimes of N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) in a cylindrical cavity. The analytical treatment of the diffusion equation for N2(A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) proposed by us is extended to the three dimensional space. We report the nature of the effective lifetimes of metastable molecule in the cylindrical cavity systematically. 16 refs., 9 figs.

  19. Лабораторные работы / Борис Тух ; иллюстрация: Cheng Chu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    5.-6. okt. 2013 toimus Tallinnas Vene Teatris, Teatris NO99 ja Von Krahli Teatris uue vene dramaturgia laboratoorium ("Лаборатория современной российской драматургии"). Kavas olid järgmised lavastuseskiisid: Ivan Võrõpajevi "Illusioonid" (lav. Pavel Zobnin), Pavel Prjažko "Alukad" (lav. Anton Malikov), Pavel Prjažko "Põld" (lav. Ivar Põllu), Mihhail Durnenkovi "(Kõige) lihtsam meetod suitsetamisest loobumiseks" (lav. Ivan Strelkin). Näidendid ja lavastajad valis Vene Teatri peanäitejuht Marat Katsalov

  20. A study of teaching of KWL chart to enhance the self-reflection ability after reading of junior secondary school in Hong Kong = Zi wo jian ce tu jiao xue dui cu jin chu zhong xue sheng zai yue du hou de zi wo fan si neng li de yan jiu

    OpenAIRE

    Fung, Bao-en; 羅嘉怡; 馮宝恩

    2015-01-01

    自2000年開始,課程發展議會一直將「從閱讀中學習」列為課程改革的四個關鍵項目之一,期望培養學生「樂於學習、善於溝通、勇於承擔、敢於創新。」的目標。不過以中學三年級的學生為對象的「學生基礎素養能力計劃」(PISA)則發現香港的學生雖然在閱讀能力方面較其他國家及地區優勝,但是學生的後設認知策略和學習策略並不與閱讀能力成正比,反而成為東南亞地區當中最差。這表現難以達到學會學習和終身學習的目標。 本論文旨在以行動研究和個案研究方式,探討自我檢測圖對中學一年級學生的自我反思能力和自我反思知覺的影響。在行動研究方面,通過教授自我檢測圖,觀察學生自我反思能力和自我反思知覺的變化。並透過學生課業分析,分析學生在反思次數、範疇和深度的變化。在個案研究方面,通過學生的課業分析和學生訪談,分析不同語文能力學生在學習初期和後期自我反思知覺和自我反思能力。本論文也會透過原任老師訪談和課堂觀察,探討自我檢測圖在日常教學的可行性。 研究發現,自我檢測圖能夠提升學生的自我反思能力和自我反思覺識。在學習初期,自我反思能力和自我反思覺識與學生語文能力成正關係。在學習後期,整體學生的自我反思能力都有所進...

  1. 试论西夏语的()()()()"一生补处"——西夏语、汉语、梵文对勘%Collation of Tangut,Chinese,and Sanskrit:A Tentative Argument on Tangut()Yi-Sheng-Bu-Chu"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林英津

    2010-01-01

    本文主要撷取西夏语译的()()()()lew1 wee1 t(s')iej2 twe1"一生补处"(王静如1932:94),透过西夏、汉语、梵文对勘,尝试解明西夏语的()t(s')iej2.进一步,将取得的解释施用于其他相关对译语料,则能回馈已经解读的世俗文献,如西夏文本之用()t(s')iej.关于西夏语的研究,我们经常会遭遇同一个西夏字,却在不同的翻译文本中对当不同的汉字、表征不同的句法语义.我们有必要深度解读夏汉对译文本,而不是仅仅给西夏字安上对译汉字;遂令同一个西夏字,在不同的翻译文本有不同的对译汉字,不同的语义.我们应该以语言学的辩证程序,尽可能准确诠释表象背后文献语言的语义.然后,我们才有坚实的基础,逐步建构西夏语的语法体系.

  2. 專論/以關鍵詞網絡探討動態性知識管理議題/陳良駒;張正宏 | Exploring Dynamic Knowledge Management Research Issues: A Keyword Network Analysis / Liang-Chu Chen; Jeng-Horng Chang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳良駒、張正宏

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    知識管理是企業邁向知識經濟時代的實務顯學,也是學術界近年來持續探討的重要研究議題。然而知識管理的面向是一種多維度的呈現,如何快速而正確的瞭 解知識管理議題的發展,是許多組織知識工作者及學術研究學者努力的目標。許多學者提出知識管理內容的架構及分類,但卻都是屬於一種由上而下的靜態設計。社 會網絡分析是呈現及量測網絡實體成員互動的技術,適合建構關係網絡的動態性。本文嘗試以關鍵詞網絡來分析國內資訊相關系所從事知識管理研究的主題及脈絡, 並透過關鍵詞的連結來建構一套動態性的知識管理研究範疇。研究成果除驗證知識管理學域中的研究重點,更透過網絡關係來連結多樣性的研究構想,進而提供產官 學界更宏觀且動態的知識管理研究建議。

    Knowledge management (KM is an important practice in a corporation and an essential issue that academic scholars intend to explore continuously in the era of knowledge economy. However, KM presents a variety of perspectives that are still undefined for many knowledge workers and academic researchers. Many scholars propose a few categories and frameworks about KM, but a static outcome. Social network analysis (SNA is a method to present and measure the interaction among network entities and it is suitable to construct the dynamic relationship networks. The purpose of this study is to acquire the research issues and contexts of KM within information-related graduate schools based on a keyword network analysis. Moreover, we build a dynamic KM research network through these linkages with keywords. The results of this study confirm the essential research perspectives in a KM domain and suggest a variety of KM research ideas which provide the industries, governments, and academic communities with a macro and dynamic KM research viewpoint.

    頁次:81-94

  3. 研究/電子資源使用統計標準與規範之探討/陳雪華;許嘉珍;朱雅琦 | Study of the Electronic Resources Usage Statistics Standards and Guidelines/ Hsueh-Hua Chen;Chia-Chen Hsu;Ya-Chi Chu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳雪華、許嘉珍、朱雅琦

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    近年來,由於資訊科技的進步,圖書館中的電子資源數量快速增加,所佔預算金額比例也大幅增長。圖書館希望能夠透過評鑑電子資源的使用,以便能夠在電 子資源館藏發展等方面做出正確的決策。由於體認到電子資源使用統計之重要性,圖書館界與相關組織紛紛發展或修訂圖書館統計標準,增列電子資源使用統計的項 目以充分反映圖書館電子資源使用之狀況。本文主要採用文獻分析法以及內容分析法,收集探討並比較近軍來國內外電子資源使用統計之相關規範及標準,包含 ISO 2789、 ICOLC Guidelines、州ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrlcs、E-Measures Project、以及Project COUNTER等。

    Recently, due to the advances of information technology, electronic resources are gradually replacing print resources as the largest consumer of library acquisition budgets. Logically, libraries want to evaluate the usage of electronic resources and incorporate the results into their decision making regarding electronic resource acquisition. Over these years, there is a general awareness among libraries to develop statistics standards and guidelines for library electronic resources usage. In this paper, literature review and content analysis methods are used to compare several library statistics standards, including: ISO 2789 、ICOLC Guidelines、ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrics、E-Measures Project、and Project COUNTER etc.

    頁次:89-102

  4. A study of the Chinese organic-inorganic hybrid sealing material used in 'Huaguang No.1' ancient wooden ship

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fang, Shiqiang [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Zhang, Hui [Department of Cultural Heritage and Museology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028 (China); Zhang, Bingjian, E-mail: zhangbiji@zju.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Department of Cultural Heritage and Museology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028 (China); Wei, Guofeng [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Li, Guoqing [Museum of Overseas Communication History Quanzhou, Fujian 362000 (China); Zhou, Yang [China National Silk Museum, Hangzhou 310002 (China)

    2013-01-10

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The composition of ancient sealing material was analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The excellent performance of this sealing material comes from the compact structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This structure is established through coordination and oxidative polymerization. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Conservation of ancient relies to a knowledge on their materials and crafts. - Abstracts: Chu-nam putty is a special organic-inorganic hybrid material invented by ancient Chinese people. It was prepared by mixing tung-oil, lime and oakum (plant fibers like jute, ramie and so on) with excellent sealing performance. The invention and application of Chu-nam putty in wooden ship lead to improvement in sailing technology and ship safety issue. In this paper, the analytical results of a piece of chu-nam putty which was discovered in 'Huaguang No.1' ancient ship are presented. The results show that the components of chu-nam putty are calcite, carboxylate and unsaturated esters by means of FT-IR, XRD and TGA/DSC. And the FT-IR and cross-section microscopic analysis confirm that the oakum was from jute. Comparing with the modeling putty samples it is found that the outstanding sealing performance of chu-nam putty comes from the coordination reaction of Ca{sup 2+} from the Ca(OH){sub 2} and the oxidation aggregation reaction of C=C double bonds in unsaturated fatty acid.

  5. A study of the Chinese organic–inorganic hybrid sealing material used in “Huaguang No.1” ancient wooden ship

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The composition of ancient sealing material was analyzed. ► The excellent performance of this sealing material comes from the compact structure. ► This structure is established through coordination and oxidative polymerization. ► Conservation of ancient relies to a knowledge on their materials and crafts. - Abstracts: Chu-nam putty is a special organic–inorganic hybrid material invented by ancient Chinese people. It was prepared by mixing tung-oil, lime and oakum (plant fibers like jute, ramie and so on) with excellent sealing performance. The invention and application of Chu-nam putty in wooden ship lead to improvement in sailing technology and ship safety issue. In this paper, the analytical results of a piece of chu-nam putty which was discovered in “Huaguang No.1” ancient ship are presented. The results show that the components of chu-nam putty are calcite, carboxylate and unsaturated esters by means of FT-IR, XRD and TGA/DSC. And the FT-IR and cross-section microscopic analysis confirm that the oakum was from jute. Comparing with the modeling putty samples it is found that the outstanding sealing performance of chu-nam putty comes from the coordination reaction of Ca2+ from the Ca(OH)2 and the oxidation aggregation reaction of C=C double bonds in unsaturated fatty acid.

  6. 朱子《中庸章句》“慎独”解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴骞

    2011-01-01

    Chung-yung Text is an important article of Chu Hsi. In this article, Chu Hsi expressed his philosophy structure in brief. What he said about the concept of Shendu has aroused great discussion for centuries. It is pointed out that Chu Hsi uses "Shendu" to express what we should do after the feelings of pleasure, anger, sorrow, and joy are aroused, and, this concept is a part of Chu Hsirs philosophy. If we want to understand the meaning of the word, we should research it in Chu Hsi's whole philosophy structure.%朱子在《中庸章句》中对慎独的解释很简略,这和慎独的深层次含义似乎不符。现代学者对慎独有较多的讨论。那么朱子本人是否看重慎独工夫呢?根据文本,朱子本人极重视慎独工夫。慎独应在其对中和问题的讨论框架下来理解。慎独是心已发时的工夫。未发时涵养,已发时慎独。慎独作为内外工夫的转换点,在朱子哲学中占有重要地位。

  7. Positron emission tomography in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McGonigal A

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Aileen McGonigal,1–3 Marie Arthuis,3 Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi,4,5 Fabrice Bartolomei,1–3 Eric Guedj6–8 1Institut de Neurosciences des Systèmes, INSERM UMR 1106, Marseille, France; 2Aix Marseille University, Faculty of Medicine, Marseille, France; 3Clinical Neurophysiology Department, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France; 4Department of Functional Investigation of the Nervous System, Sleep Clinic, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France; 5USR CNRS 3413, University of Bordeaux, France; 6Biophysics and Nuclear Medicine Department, Timone Hospital, Marseille, France; 7Aix-Marseille University, CERIMED, Marseille, France; 8Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, UMR7289, INT, Marseille, FranceWe have read with interest the recent review entitled “Uncovering the etiology of conversion disorder: insights from functional neuroimaging” by Maryam Ejareh dar and Richard AA Kanaan,1 published in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. Our paper on resting state brain metabolism measured by positron emission tomography (PET was included and discussed.2 We were most surprised to see that the authors of the review seem to have misunderstood the findings of our study, which concerned patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES. The authors state that the 16 patients included in our study “were later found to have PNES with comorbid epilepsy”. This is incorrect, since our study included only patients with PNES in whom comorbid epilepsy was excluded. This crucial point is indeed detailed in the Methods section of our article and clearly stated in the abstract: “in all patients, the diagnosis was subsequently confirmed to be PNES with no coexisting epilepsy.” It is thus on the basis of incorrect understanding of our results that Drs Ejareh dar and Kanaan discuss the possible significance of hypometabolism in the anterior cingulate region described in our paper, and erroneously suggest that interpretation of PET findings is

  8. Efficiently parallelized modeling of tightly focused, large bandwidth laser pulses

    CERN Document Server

    Dumont, Joey; Lefebvre, Catherine; Gagnon, Denis; MacLean, Steve

    2016-01-01

    The Stratton-Chu integral representation of electromagnetic fields is used to study the spatio-temporal properties of large bandwidth laser pulses focused by high numerical aperture mirrors. We review the formal aspects of the derivation of diffraction integrals from the Stratton-Chu representation and discuss the use of the Hadamard finite part in the derivation of the physical optics approximation. By analyzing the formulation we show that, for the specific case of a parabolic mirror, the integrands involved in the description of the reflected field near the focal spot do not possess the strong oscillations characteristic of diffraction integrals. Consequently, the integrals can be evaluated with simple and efficient quadrature methods rather than with specialized, more costly approaches. We report on the development of an efficiently parallelized algorithm that evaluates the Stratton-Chu diffraction integrals for incident fields of arbitrary temporal and spatial dependence. We use our method to show that t...

  9. 江汉地区的鬲与楚式鬲

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨权喜

    2001-01-01

    On the phylogeny of Chinese pottery containers, Ding tripod appeared earlier than li. Pottery Ding tripod was a kind of traditional cooker in Jianghan area, and Li first emerged and then became prevalent in the Yellow River valley. During Shang and Zhou Dynasty, Li was dispersed to Jianghan area where its variations appeared, and many styles of Li with different shapes, characters and uses came forth. Only one kind of daily cooker among them can be called “Chu-styled li”. The anthor believes that Chu-styled li is the compound of li from the Central Plains and Ding tripod of Jianghan area. It was in vogue in the Eastzhou Dynasty when li had already vanished in the Central Plains. Three basic forms of Chu-styled li are relative to their uses and cultural origins.

  10. The Ancestors’ Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The Fairy Lady of Wushan Mountain Yao Ji, youngest daughter of Emperor Yandi, sent to thesouth of Wushan Mountain in the Three Gorges, was named theFairy Lady of Wushan Mountain. When King Chu Huaiwangwas on a tour to Gaotang. he dreamed of the fair lady. Later,when King Chu Xiangwang was on the same tour, he too mether in a dream. Yao Ji grew a majestic plant, plucked it andmade it an iris. It was said that if stewed and eaten, the one whoate may chance to meet their lover in their dreams.

  11. Is it possible to use highly realistic virtual reality in the elderly? A feasibility study with image-based rendering

    OpenAIRE

    Benoit M; Guerchouche R.; Petit PD; Chapoulie E; Manera V; Chaurasia G; Drettakis G; Robert P.

    2015-01-01

    Michel Benoit,1,2 Rachid Guerchouche,3 Pierre-David Petit,1 Emmanuelle Chapoulie,3 Valeria Manera,1 Gaurav Chaurasia,3 George Drettakis,3 Philippe Robert1,4 1EA CoBTeK/IA, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2Clinique de Psychiatrie, Pole des Neurosciences Cliniques, CHU de Nice, 3Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique, Sophia-Antipolis, 4Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CHU de Nice, Nice, France Background: Virtual reality (VR) opens up a ...

  12. Laser physicist looks to the Sun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Steven

    2008-04-01

    By the standards of most of his close family members, Steven Chu was a pretty mediocre student. The son of two Chinese immigrants who went to graduate school at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US, he had an elder brother who set a record grade at high school and went on to study at Princeton, while two of his cousins attended Harvard. Chu's good but not earth-shattering school results were not enough for the Ivy League universities and he instead went to the University of Rochester in New York State.

  13. Dicty_cDB: VHC679 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX465.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRN...aris cDNA clone CHPX9185, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzz...le sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 2e-13 2 EL

  14. Dicty_cDB: VHB553 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 EL476245 |EL476245.1 CHUL4181.b1_J14.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus pa...65.b1_A21.ab1 CHU(XYZ) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUX465, mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 D...radoxus cDNA clone CHUL4181, mRNA sequence. 72 1e-16 3 EL513430 |EL513430.1 CHUX4

  15. Real-world evaluation of compliance and preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment: an observational study in Taiwan 

    OpenAIRE

    Lai TH; Wang WF; Yip BS; Yang YW; Peng GS; Tsai SJ; Liao YC; Pai MC

    2016-01-01

    Tzu-Hsien Lai,1,2,* Wen-Fu Wang,3,* Bak-Sau Yip,4 Yu-Wan Yang,5 Giia-Sheun Peng,6 Shih-Jei Tsai,7,8 Yi-Chu Liao,9 Ming-Chyi Pai10,111Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei, 2Department of Neurology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, 3Department of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, 4Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, 5Department of Neurology, Chi...

  16. Real-world evaluation of compliance and preference in Alzheimer’s disease treatment: an observational study in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Pai, Ming-Chyi

    2016-01-01

    Tzu-Hsien Lai,1,2,* Wen-Fu Wang,3,* Bak-Sau Yip,4 Yu-Wan Yang,5 Giia-Sheun Peng,6 Shih-Jei Tsai,7,8 Yi-Chu Liao,9 Ming-Chyi Pai10,111Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei, 2Department of Neurology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, 3Department of Neurology, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, 4Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, 5Department of Neurology, Chi...

  17. Complex root networks of Chinese characters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Po-Han; Chen, Jia-Ling; Wang, Po-Cheng; Chi, Ting-Ting; Xiao, Zhi-Ren; Jhang, Zih-Jian; Yeh, Yeong-Nan; Chen, Yih-Yuh; Hu, Chin-Kun

    There are several sets of Chinese characters still available today, including Oracle Bone Inscriptions (OBI) in Shang Dynasty, Chu characters (CC) used in Chu of Warring State Period, Small Seal Script in dictionary Shuowen Jiezi (SJ) in Eastern Han Dynasty, and Kangxi Dictionary (KD) in Qing Dynasty. Such as Chinese characters were all constructed via combinations of meaningful patterns, called roots. Our studies for the complex networks of all roots indicate that the roots of the characters in OBI, CC, SJ and KD have characteristics of small world networks and scale-free networks.

  18. The interface of gravity and quantum mechanics illuminated by Wigner phase space

    CERN Document Server

    Giese, Enno; Kleinert, Stephan; Meister, Matthias; Tamma, Vincenzo; Roura, Albert; Schleich, Wolfgang P

    2014-01-01

    We provide an introduction into the formulation of non-relativistic quantum mechanics using the Wigner phase-space distribution function and apply this concept to two physical situations at the interface of quantum theory and general relativity: (i) the motion of an ensemble of cold atoms relevant to tests of the weak equivalence principle, and (ii) the Kasevich-Chu interferometer. In order to lay the foundations for this analysis we first present a representation-free description of the Kasevich-Chu interferometer based on unitary operators.

  19. A Tentative Interpretation ofJun Zi Wei Li and Di Zi Wen on Chu Bamboo Slips Volume V Collected by Shanghai Museum%上博藏简(五)《君子为礼》与《弟子问》试释——兼论本篇篇名为《论语弟子问》与《论语》之形成和主要编辑时间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄人二

    2011-01-01

    The two texts Jun Zi Wei Li (君子为礼) and Di Zi Wen (弟子问) written on bamboo slips share many features in terms of the shape of the slips and the script style. Both texts present questions and answers between Confucius and his disciples, among the disciples,%《君子为礼》及《弟子问》两篇在竹简形制、字体方面均相当接近,内容则同为孔子与门弟子,弟子之间,弟子与时人之答问。有一大段文字(《君子为札》简一、简二、简三、简九)与今本《论语·颜渊》中“颜渊问仁”一节所言大义相似,据此可以对《论语》如何成书做一探讨。本篇篇名可定为《论语弟子问》或《论言弟子籍》,编辑时间在鲁哀公元年至鲁哀公三年(公元前494至前492年)亦可确定。

  20. 唐代类书对陶渊明的认知与接受——以《艺文类聚》、《初学记》、《白氏六帖事类集》为例%The cognition and acceptance of Tao Yuanming in the encyclopedias of Tang Dynasty a case study of Yi Wen Lei Ju, Chu Xue Ji and Bai Shi Liu Tie Shi Lei Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩建立

    2012-01-01

    Encyclopedias had an influence on ordinary people 's knowledge structure, cultural interest and the way of thinking of an era. Through the investigating of the compilation of Tao Yuanming's poetry in the three ency- clopedias of Tang Dynasty and the connection between Tao study and encyclopedias, we can learn the cognition and acceptance of Tao in Tang Dynasty. Tang's encyclopedias agreed with Zhong Rong, who thought that Tao is " the most hermit poet of all ages". The compilation of Tao Yuanmingg poetry had significance of selected text criticism and sentence criticism, which also provided the academic world with considerable knowledge and thought re- sources. By comparison, the editors of Tang Dynasty encyclopedias had deep insight, all--inclusive view and fair evaluation.%类书对一时代普通人的知识结构、文化趣味以及思维方式均有影响,所以通过唐代三部类书对陶渊明事典与诗文的辑录情况,考察类书与陶学的关系,能够从一个侧面反映唐代对陶渊明的认知与接受。唐代类书接受了钟嵘关于陶渊明是"古今隐逸诗人之宗"的论述;对陶渊明诗文的辑录方式,使其具有选本批评与摘句批评意义。唐代类书对陶渊明事典与诗文的辑录,为读书界提供了相当的知识与思想资源。从比较中可以看出,唐代类书的编者见识高,选录全面,评价公允。

  1. Whole genome sequencing for deciphering the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes, an emerging multidrug-resistant bacterium isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient in Marseille, France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Cimmino

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We decipher the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes MARS15, an emerging multidrug-resistant clinical strain, using the whole genome sequencing strategy. The bacterium was isolated from the sputum of a hospitalized patient with cystic fibrosis in the Timone Hospital in Marseille, France. Genome sequencing was done with Illumina MiSeq using a paired-end strategy. The in silico analysis was done by RAST, the resistome by the ARG-ANNOT database and detection of polyketide synthase (PKS by ANTISMAH. The genome size of C. indologenes MARS15 is 4 972 580 bp with 36.4% GC content. This multidrug-resistant bacterium was resistant to all β-lactams, including imipenem, and also to colistin. The resistome of C. indologenes MARS15 includes Ambler class A and B β-lactams encoding blaCIA and blaIND-2 genes and MBL (metallo-β-lactamase genes, the CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene and the multidrug efflux pump AcrB. Specific features include the presence of an urease operon, an intact prophage and a carotenoid biosynthesis pathway. Interestingly, we report for the first time in C. indologenes a PKS cluster that might be responsible for secondary metabolite biosynthesis, similar to erythromycin. The whole genome sequence analysis provides insight into the resistome and the discovery of new details, such as the PKS cluster.

  2. Whole genome sequencing for deciphering the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes, an emerging multidrug-resistant bacterium isolated from a cystic fibrosis patient in Marseille, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimmino, T; Rolain, J-M

    2016-07-01

    We decipher the resistome of Chryseobacterium indologenes MARS15, an emerging multidrug-resistant clinical strain, using the whole genome sequencing strategy. The bacterium was isolated from the sputum of a hospitalized patient with cystic fibrosis in the Timone Hospital in Marseille, France. Genome sequencing was done with Illumina MiSeq using a paired-end strategy. The in silico analysis was done by RAST, the resistome by the ARG-ANNOT database and detection of polyketide synthase (PKS) by ANTISMAH. The genome size of C. indologenes MARS15 is 4 972 580 bp with 36.4% GC content. This multidrug-resistant bacterium was resistant to all β-lactams, including imipenem, and also to colistin. The resistome of C. indologenes MARS15 includes Ambler class A and B β-lactams encoding bla CIA and bla IND-2 genes and MBL (metallo-β-lactamase) genes, the CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) gene and the multidrug efflux pump AcrB. Specific features include the presence of an urease operon, an intact prophage and a carotenoid biosynthesis pathway. Interestingly, we report for the first time in C. indologenes a PKS cluster that might be responsible for secondary metabolite biosynthesis, similar to erythromycin. The whole genome sequence analysis provides insight into the resistome and the discovery of new details, such as the PKS cluster. PMID:27222716

  3. Events at the Globe

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN is organising a series of lectures based on the exhibition 'A des années-lumière' Thursday 12 October, 8.00 p.m. (in French) From physics to medical imaging Paul Lecoq, a CERN physicist, and Professor Olivier Mundler from the Timone Hospital (Marseille) The technologies developed at CERN are widely used in fields other than particle physics. Medicine, and medical imaging in particular, has directly benefited from the work done on particle detectors. Come and meet a doctor and a physicist and learn about one of the practical applications of fundamental research. This lecture is part of the 'Fête de la Science' programme. Lectures for the general public. By reservation only: +41 (0)22 767 76 76 Information on future meetings: Thursday 2 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French): Does time exist? Etienne Klein, Director of the CEA's Materials Science Research Laboratory Thursday 16 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French): Antimatter in the Milky Way Jacques Paul, scientific advisor to the European Spac...

  4. Events at the Globe of Science and Innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    CERN is organising a series of lectures based on the exhibition 'A des années-lumière' Thursday 12 October, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - From physics to medical imaging Paul Lecoq, a CERN physicist, and Professor Olivier Mundler from the Timone Hospital (Marseille) The technologies developed at CERN are widely used in fields other than particle physics. Medicine, and medical imaging in particular, has directly benefited from the work done on particle detectors. Come and meet a doctor and a physicist and learn about one of the practical applications of fundamental research. This lecture is part of the 'Fête de la Science' programme Lectures for the general public By reservation only: +41 (0)22 767 76 76 Information on future meetings : Thursday 2 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - Does time exist? Etienne Klein, Director of the CEA's materials science research laboratory Thursday 16 November, 8.00 p.m. (in French) - Antimatter in the Milky Way Jacques Paul, scientific advisor to the European Space...

  5. Learning across Borders--Chinese Migrant Literature and Intercultural Chinese Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongyang

    2014-01-01

    Chinese migrants have been a rich source of influential international literature, represented by key works such as "Eat a Bowl of Tea" by Louis Chu in 1961 and "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan in 1989. Cultural differences and conflicts, stereotypes and other complex issues regarding the diasporic lives of the Chinese sojourners…

  6. Uneven Playing Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Potential U.S. imposed carbon tariffs raise concerns about a new form of trade protectionism During their high-profile visits to China, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Commerce Secretary Gary Locke tried to convince China that the United States was not turning the fight against climate change into a tool for protectionists by imposing carbon tariffs on

  7. 60株大肠杆菌的分-离与致病性鉴定%Isolation and Identification of 60 Pathogenic Escherichia coli Strains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宗梅; 陈红英; 崔沛; 韩玉林; 李新生

    2011-01-01

    大肠杆菌(Escherichia coli,E coli)是鸡肠道常在菌,部分菌株具有致病性.鸡大肠杆菌病就是由大肠杆菌中的某些致病性菌株引起的鸡感染性疾病.致病性大肠杆菌均携带毒力岛基因ChuA.为鉴定分离自临床病例的鸡大肠杆菌的致病性,本试验采用PCR法检测ChuA基因进行分子生物学鉴定,60株大肠杆菌中有31株属于致病性大肠杆菌,总阳性率为51.67%.%Escherichia coli (E. coli) is often in chieken intestinal. Only some strains are pathogenic for chicken. Chicken Escherichia coli disease is caused by these pathogenic E. coli strains,and they have pathogenicity island genes ChuA. In order to identify 60 E. coli strains isolated from diseased chicken,ChuA gene was tested by PCR. 31 E. coli strains are pathogenic.The total positive rate is 5l. 67%.

  8. Green Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    With the deterioration of global warming and the greenhouse effect, clean energy is the priority on the agenda of countries all over the world. This was highlighted when U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke and Energy Secretary Steven Chu visited their Chinese counterparts on July 14-17.

  9. OOPS! A Miracle Created by Confucius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Agnes; Chu, Lucifer

    2007-01-01

    The story is told of the conception and creation of OOPS (Opensource Opencourseware Prototype System), which is a massive, worldwide volunteer project that translates OER into Mandarin. The founder and leader, Lucifer Chu, describes how the project grew from his own solo translation work to over 2,400 volunteers in 22 countries. In 2005 and 2006…

  10. A PrfA-regulated bile exclusion system (BilE) is a novel virulence factor in Listeria monocytogenes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sleator, R.D.; Wemekamp-Kamphuis, H.H.; Gahan, C.G.M.; Abee, T.; Hill, C.

    2005-01-01

    The ability to colonize the gall bladder has recently been shown to be an important feature of virulent Listeria monocytogenes (J. Hardy, K. P. Francis, M. DeBoer, P. Chu, K. Gibbs, C. H. Contag. Science 303: 851853, 2004). We suggest that the cytotoxic effects of bile may be increased upon release

  11. Lower Bound for the Radiation $Q$ of Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Solid Magnetodielectric Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    A new lower bound for the radiation $Q$ of electrically small spherical magnetic dipole antennas with solid magnetodielectric core is derived in closed form using the exact theory. The new bound approaches the Chu lower bound from above as the antenna electrical size decreases. For $ka, the new b...

  12. Decreasing the radiation quality factor of magnetic dipole antennas by a magnetic-coated metal core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2010-01-01

    To achieve the Chu lower bound for the radiation Q, an electrically small magnetic dipole antenna should not store any magnetic energy internally to the minimum sphere enclosing the antenna. As shown in our previous works, the internal stored magnetic energy can be reduced, although not entirely...

  13. Was Pythagoras Chinese? An Examination of Right Triangle Theory in Ancient China. The Pennsylvania State University Studies No. 40.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swetz, Frank J.; Kao, T. I.

    This book is primarily a scholarly monograph on ancient Chinese theory and application concerning the right triangle, based on evidence contained in classical mathematics texts and scrolls. It is also the first complete English translation of the ninth chapter of the Chiu chang suan chu, the richest source of problems from antiquity dealing with…

  14. Learn Unity 4 for iOS game development

    CERN Document Server

    Chu, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The only book on Unity 4 game development The only up-to-date book on Unity for iOS Philip Chu is the author of a very popular online Unity tutorial, frequently recommended on sites like StackOverflow

  15. Strength Exercise Improves Muscle Mass and Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Youth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Der Heijden, Gert-Jan; Wang, Zhiyue J.; Chu, Zili; Toffolo, Gianna; Manesso, Erica; Sauer, Pieter J. J.; Sunehag, Agneta L.

    2010-01-01

    VAN DER HEIJDEN, G.-J., Z. J. WANG, Z. CHU, G. TOFFOLO, E. MANESSO, P. J. J. SAUER, and A. L. SUNEHAG. Strength Exercise Improves Muscle Mass and Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Youth. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 42, No. 11, pp. 1973-1980, 2010. Introduction: Data on the metabolic effects of

  16. Meteorological and Environmental Research Welcomes Your Papers!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Meteorological and Environmental Research (ISSN 2152-3940) is a comprehensive meteorological and environmental scientific journal founded by Wu Chu (USA-China) Science Culture Media Co. in January, 2010, in Rhode Island, USA. The journal covers main research and application areas of meteorology and environment, such as

  17. Meteorological and Environmental Research Welcomes Your Papers!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Meteorological and Environmental Research (ISSN 2152-3940) is a comprehensive meteorological and environmental scientific journal founded by Wu Chu (USA-China) Science & Culture Media Co. in January, 2010, in Rhode Island, USA. The journal covers main research and application areas of meteorology and environment, such as

  18. Close encounters of the lysosome/peroxisome kind

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, Yui; Strunk, Bethany S.; Weisman, Lois S.

    2015-01-01

    Lysosomes provide a major source for cellular cholesterol; however, most of this cholesterol is trafficked to the plasma membrane via unknown mechanisms. In this issue of Cell, Chu et al. identify an unexpected role for peroxisomes in the transport of cholesterol from the lysosome to the plasma membrane via a lysosome-peroxisome membrane contact site.

  19. Six proofs for an identity of the Lah numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Bai-Ni; Qi, Feng

    2014-01-01

    In the paper, utilizing respectively the induction, a generating function of the Lah numbers, the Chu-Vandermonde summation formula, an inversion formula, the Gauss hypergeometric series, and two generating functions of the Stirling numbers of the first kind, the authors collect and provide six proofs for an identity of the Lah numbers.

  20. Growth and biochemical composition of Chlorella vulgaris in different growth media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MATHIAS A. CHIA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The need for clean and low-cost algae production demands for investigations on algal physiological response under different growth conditions. In this research, we investigated the growth, biomass production and biochemical composition of Chlorella vulgaris using semi-continuous cultures employing three growth media (LC Oligo, Chu 10 and WC media. The highest cell density was obtained in LC Oligo, while the lowest in Chu medium. Chlorophyll a, carbohydrate and protein concentrations and yield were highest in Chu and LC Oligo media. Lipid class analysis showed that hydrocarbons (HC, sterol esthers (SE, free fatty acids (FFA, aliphatic alcohols (ALC, acetone mobile polar lipids (AMPL and phospholipids (PL concentrations and yields were highest in the Chu medium. Triglyceride (TAG and sterol (ST concentrations were highest in the LC Oligo medium. The results suggested that for cost effective cultivation, LC Oligo medium is the best choice among those studied, as it saved the cost of buying vitamins and EDTA associated with the other growth media, while at the same time resulted in the best growth performance and biomass production.

  1. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  2. Cardiovascular System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008515 Clinical effect of coronary artery stenting on 12 patients with coronary artery stenosis and spasm.CHU Guang(储光),et al.Dept Cardiol,Shanghai Jiaotong Univ,1st People’s,Shanghai 20008. Chin Cir J 2008;23(5):347-349. Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of stenting on drug refractory variant angina

  3. Symposium at CERN in honour of Maurice Jacob on 27th March 1998

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    1998-01-01

    The Jacobfest at CERN was prefaced by a talk by Maurice Jacob's longtime colleague Claude Cohen-Tannoudji of the College de France and Ecole Normale Superieure, who shared the 1997 Nobel Prize with Steven Chu of Stanford and William D. Phillips, of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology, for their development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.

  4. 75 FR 28853 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ............ FAY BHARWANEY NEEL K BISHOP MARGARET BISHOP JEREMY C BURMESTER ROLF W CALLAHAN SUN IM CHAN SAMUEL CHAN... CHEN MICHAEL JEN-KWEI CHENG KENNY CHEONG JUNE CHENG CHIN WILLIAM KUO FENG CHOA JAMES MICHAEL CHU-YIP... THIRUMALESHWARA.... HAUSSMANN WILLIAM FREDERICK HAYASHI PAUL M. HECKNER MICHAEL JOHANNES HELLMAN LISA JANE...

  5. HLB/ACP Resistance or Tolerance in Non-transgenic Citrus Scion Varieties: Potential Commercial Significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncirus trifoliata hybrids grown in the USHRL variety block on Sun Chu Sha (a unifoliate mandarin rootstock similar to Cleopatra) were tested for CLas 16S rDNA and Citrus dehydrin (as an internal standard to permit expression of data in CLas genomes/citrus genomes) by qPCR, assessing random quadran...

  6. About Animal Husbandry and Feed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Animal Husbandry and Feed Science is published to introduce the research achievements of animal husbandry and veterinary workers to the world,enhance their chances to participate in international academic exchange,and promote development of animal husbandry and veterinary.In 2009,Wu Chu(USA-China)Science&Culture Media Co.

  7. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji shares the Physics nobel price in 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nobel price of physics has been assigned to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D.Phillips for their work about the cooling and the trapping of atoms with lasers. Two articles evoke the quantum mechanics and interaction between atoms and photons. (N.C.)

  8. Drug interactions between inhaled corticosteroids and enzymatic inhibitors

    OpenAIRE

    Daveluy, Amélie; Raignoux, Cécile; Miremont-Salamé, Ghada; Girodet, Pierre-Olivier; Moore, Nicholas; Haramburu, Françoise; Molimard, Mathieu

    2009-01-01

    Drug interactions between inhaled corticosteroids and enzymatic inhibitors phone: +33-557-571561 (Daveluy, Amelie) (Daveluy, Amelie) Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Pellegrin - 33076 - Bordeaux Cedex - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Unite 657, INSERM - Bordeaux - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Departement de Pharmacologie, CHU de Bordeaux - Bordeaux - FRANCE (Daveluy, Amelie) Centre Regional de Pharmacovigilance, Hopital Pellegrin - 33076...

  9. The AscSimulationMode command

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, John Leif

    1998-01-01

    Complex instruments like the ASC may be quite difficult to test in closed loops. This problem is augmented by the fact, that no direct stimulation of the CHU is possible that will render the full performance, noise-spectrum and real-timeliness with high fidelity. In order to circumvent this impasse...

  10. Abstracts of Main Essays

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Why Marx Stay at the Radical Democracy:Reproducing Marx's Political Philosophy during German-French Yearbook Times;The Researches and their Methodologies of the Contemporary Oversea Study of Chu Hsi;The Qi Theory of Hengxian:A New Dynamic Pattern of How Things Generate;The Theory of Tragic Katharsis:Its Source and Reflection;

  11. [Histological orchiepididymitis discovery in a patient with AIDS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaud, P; Demey, A; Vandenbos, F; Colomb, F; Michiels, J-F; Amiel, J

    2009-06-01

    Incidences of opportunistic infections of the epididymus and the testicule have already been reported in patients suffering from AIDS for over 10 years. Here we have reported the first description of microsporadic orchiepididymitis diagnosed at the university hospital (CHU) of Nice in 2005. We look at the epidemiology, the physiology and the treatment of this extremely rare infection. PMID:19467466

  12. Computer Games Functioning as Motivation Stimulants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin; Tsai, Tony Kung Wan; Chien, Paul Shih Chieh

    2011-01-01

    Numerous scholars have recommended computer games can function as influential motivation stimulants of English learning, showing benefits as learning tools (Clarke and Dede, 2007; Dede, 2009; Klopfer and Squire, 2009; Liu and Chu, 2010; Mitchell, Dede & Dunleavy, 2009). This study aimed to further test and verify the above suggestion,…

  13. Dicty_cDB: VHB386 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 10.b1_C08.ab1 CHU(LMS) puzzle sunflower Helianthus paradoxus cDNA clone CHUL5210,... (bits) Value N X98286 |X98286.1 D.discoideum mRNA for P-type ATPase. 1285 0.0 1 EL476977 |EL476977.1 CHUL52

  14. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U11964-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .. 42 0.87 4 ( EK022497 ) 1092955341513 Global-Ocean-Sampling_GS-31-01-01-1... 48 1.1 1 ( EL474594 ) CHUL2538.b1_C12.ab1 CHU(LMS) puz...zle sunflower Hel... 48 1.1 1 ( BJ370153 ) Dictyostelium

  15. Number of Physics Faculty in Two-Year Colleges: Results from the 2012 Survey of Physics in Two-Year Colleges. Focus On

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Susan; Chu, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    In an earlier report, ("Physics Enrollments in Two-Year Colleges," ED547610), Susan White and Raymond Chu examined physics enrollments--both the number of students and the types of classes taught--at the 1,063 two-year college campuses in the US where they believe physics is offered. This "Focus On" considers the faculty…

  16. Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Wuhan is said to be a city with 100 lakes; in addition, the Yangtze and Han rivers meet in the city. Dong Lake, the largest lake in a city in China, is located in Wuhan, and the Chu River connects Dong and Sha lakes.

  17. Collecting Water From the Yellow River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tshe rang mtsho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Collecting water from the Rma chu (Yellow River near oM skor Village, Mang ra (Guìnán 贵南 County, Mtsho lho (Hǎinán 海南 Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Mtsho sgnon (Qīnghǎi 青海 Province is shown in eleven photographs.

  18. Hypoxia in the East China Sea: one of the largest coastal low-oxygen areas in the world

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Chung-Chi; Gong, Gwo-Ching; Shiah, Fuh-Kwo

    2007-01-01

    Hypoxia in the East China Sea: one of the largest coastal low-oxygen areas in the world correspondence: Corresponding author. Tel.: +886 2 2930 2275; fax: +886 2 2931 2904. (Chen, Chung-Chi) (Chen, Chung-Chi) Deparment of Life Science--> , National Taiwan Normal University--> , 88--> , Sec. 4--> , Ting-Chou Road--> , Taipei 11677--> - TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA (Chen, Chu...

  19. Non-editorial Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehouse, John

    1974-01-01

    In his position as retiring chief of the Workers' Education Branch of the International Labour Office (ILO), Paul B. J. Chu is interviewed on worker education, the ILO organization and tole, personal disappointments and satisfactions, future educational developments in which the ILO will be involved, and problems facing workers' education. (AG)

  20. Measuring and valuing health-related quality of life among children and adolescents in mainland China--a pilot study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Xu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D, a new generic preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL instrument, has been validated for use in young people in both the UK and Australia. The main objectives of this study were to examine the feasibility of using a Chinese version of the CHU9D (CHU9D-CHN to assess HRQoL and to investigate the association of physical activity, homework hours and sleep duration with HRQoL in children and adolescents in Mainland China. METHODS: Data were collected using a multi-stage sampling method from grades 4-12 students in May 2013 in Nanjing, China. Consenting participants (N = 815 completed a self-administered questionnaire including the CHU9D-CHN instrument and information on physical activity, homework and sleep duration, self-reported health status, and socio-demographic characteristics. Descriptive and multivariate linear regression analyses were undertaken. CHU9D-CHN utility scores were generated by employing two scoring algorithms currently available for the instrument, the first derived from UK adults utilising the standard gamble (SG valuation method and the second derived from Australian adolescents utilising the best-worst scaling (BWS method. RESULTS: It was found that CHU9D utility scores discriminated well in relation to self-reported health status and that better health status was significantly associated with higher utility scores regardless of which scoring algorithm was employed (both p<0.001. The adjusted mean utilities were significantly higher for physically active than inactive students (0.023 by SG, 0.029 by BWS scoring methods, p<0.05. An additional hour of doing homework and sleep duration were, separately, associated with mean utilities of -0.019 and 0.032 based on SG, and -0.021 and 0.040 according to BWS scoring algorithms (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: The CHU9D-CHN shows promise for measuring and valuing the HRQoL of children and adolescents in China. Levels of self

  1. Pesquisa de aglutininas, antígeno de leptospiras e apoptose em rim de suínos naturalmente infectados por Leptospira spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa M.F. Gonçalves

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Soro e rim de 75 suínos mestiços sem raça definida, criados em sistema extensivo e abatidos em Timon (MA e Teresina (Piauí, Brasil, duas cidades separadas pelo Rio Parnaíba e 75 suínos mestiços de um sistema de criação em confinamento, filhos de Landrace, Large White e/ou Duroc foram utilizados neste estudo. Das 150 amostras analisadas pela prova de Soroaglutinação Microscópica (SAM, sete foram reagentes e o sorovar Icterohaemorrhagiae (42,86% foi o mais frequente. Uma comparação entre os dois sistemas para examinar uma predisposição para infecção para Leptospira spp. mostrou que a suscetibilidade foi maior nos animais criados extensivamente do que naqueles criados em confinamento (teste χ2, p<0,05. A presença de infiltrado inflamatório foi significantemente maior nos animais soropositivos comparados aos soronegativos (p<0,05, Teste U de Mann-Whitney. A análise morfométrica mostrou Leptospira spp. e o antígeno de leptospira apenas nos animais soropositivos (p<0,05, teste de U de Mann-Whitney. Apoptose em células epiteliais tubulares foi significantemente mais evidente nos animais infectados comparados aos não infectados (p<0,05, Teste U de Mann-Whitney. Uma eventual associação de antígeno de Leptospira e células epiteliais em apoptose sugere um provável mecanismo de lesão renal na leptospirose suína.

  2. New treatment options for lupus – a focus on belimumab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiche L

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Laurent Chiche1,2, Noémie Jourde3, Guillemette Thomas1, Nathalie Bardin2, Charleric Bornet4, Albert Darque4, Julien Mancini51Department of Internal Medicine, Centre de Compétence Maladies Auto-immunes Systémiques PACA Ouest, 2Laboratory of Immunology, 3Department of Nephrology, 4Department of Pharmacy, Hôpital de la Conception, Marseille; 5Department of Public Health, Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille, FranceAbstract: Belimumab is the first biologic approved for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. Belimumab is the first of a new class of drug targeting B cell-stimulating factors or their receptors to reach the market. Its target, BLyS, also known as BAFF (B cell-activating factor from the tumor necrosis factor family, is a type II transmembrane protein that exists in both membrane-bound and soluble forms. Additionally to a robust rational from murine experiments conducted in lupus prone mice, BLyS circulating levels are increased in SLE patients. After the negative results of a Phase II trial, two Phase III trials met their primary endpoints. Some SLE patients are still refractory to the standard options of care or necessitate prolonged high-dose corticotherapy and/or long-term immunosuppressive regimens. However, some experts still feel that the effect of this biologic might not be clinically relevant and blame the use of the new systemic lupus response index as well as the discrepancies between both trials and the noninclusion of the severe form of the disease as nephritis. In this review, we aim to discuss the characteristics of belimumab, critically evaluate the different steps of its development, and consider its future place in the arsenal against SLE, taking into account the patients’ perspectives.Keywords: systemic lupus erythematosus, belimumab, treatment, monoclonal antibodies, adverse effects, BLyS

  3. Does ecophysiology mediate reptile responses to fire regimes? Evidence from Iberian lizards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Catarina C.; Santos, Xavier

    2016-01-01

    Background. Reptiles are sensitive to habitat disturbance induced by wildfires but species frequently show opposing responses. Functional causes of such variability have been scarcely explored. In the northernmost limit of the Mediterranean bioregion, lizard species of Mediterranean affinity (Psammodromus algirus and Podarcis guadarramae) increase in abundance in burnt areas whereas Atlantic species (Lacerta schreiberi and Podarcis bocagei) decrease. Timon lepidus, the largest Mediterranean lizard in the region, shows mixed responses depending on the locality and fire history. We tested whether such interspecific differences are of a functional nature, namely, if ecophysiological traits may determine lizard response to fire. Based on the variation in habitat structure between burnt and unburnt sites, we hypothesise that Mediterranean species, which increase density in open habitats promoted by frequent fire regimes, should be more thermophile and suffer lower water losses than Atlantic species. Methods. We submitted 6–10 adult males of the five species to standard experiments for assessing preferred body temperatures (Tp) and evaporativewater loss rates (EWL), and examined the variation among species and along time by means of repeated-measures AN(C)OVAs. Results. Results only partially supported our initial expectations, since the medium-sized P. algirus clearly attained higher Tp and lower EWL. The two small wall lizards (P. bocagei and P. guadarramae) displayed low Tp and high EWL while the two large green lizards (T. lepidus and L. schreiberi) displayed intermediate values for both parameters. Discussion. The predicted differences according to the biogeographic affinities within each pair were not fully confirmed. We conclude that ecophysiology may help to understand functional reptile responses to fire but other biological traits are also to be considered. PMID:27330864

  4. Comparison in mechanical and tribological properties of CrTiAlMoN and CrTiAlN nano-multilayer coatings deposited by magnetron sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Zhang, Guojun; Jiang, Bailing

    2016-02-01

    CrTiAlN and CrTiAlMoN nano-multilayer coatings were deposited by closed field unbalanced magnetron sputtering. TiMoN and CrTiMoN nano-multilayer coatings with same Mo2N layer thickness were also prepared for comparison. The structure of these coatings is investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical and tribological properties were characterized and compared by nano-indentation and ball-on-disc test. It was found that these coatings were structured by fcc metal nitride phases (including CrN, TiN, AlN and Mo2N) and the preferred orientation changed from (1 1 1) to (2 0 0) with the increase of Mo content. The TEM results showed that the coatings exhibited typical columnar structure and nano-multilayer structure with modulation periods ranged from 3.2 nm to 7.6 nm. Among these coatings, CrTiAlMoN coatings presented the highest hardness, lowest coefficient of friction (COF) and wear rate. The hardness of these nano-multilayer coatings were determined by layer interfaces: TiN/Mo2N and AlN/Mo2N layer interface showed benefit on hardness enhancement while CrN/Mo2N layer interface led to a great hardness decrement. In comparison with the other as-deposited coatings, the low COF of CrTiAlMoN coatings was not only affected by Mo addition but also related to its oxidation behaviors.

  5. 《九歌》巫祭时间考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李效永

    2012-01-01

      "nine songs" jing chu"as a land of magic sacrifice the most important books, is the study of the pre-qin period of" jing chu "the ancestors' real life and national psychological vouchers. The magic a sacrifice of time should be at night, as night offering sacrifice, this a little research.%  《九歌》作为荆楚之地巫祭中最重要的典籍,是研究先秦时期荆楚之地先民们的真实生活和民族心理的凭证。其巫祭的时间应在夜晚,即为夜祭,本篇略加考证。

  6. On the identity of the genus Metasasa W.T. Lin%异枝竹属的名实问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨光耀; 赵奇僧

    2001-01-01

    将异枝竹属Metasasa W.T.Lin作为酸竹属Acidosasa C.D.Chu etC.S.Chao ex Keng f.的异名处理。异枝竹Metasasa carinata W.T.Lin和白环异枝竹Metasasa albo-farinosa W.T.Lin作为新组合名Acidosasa nanunica(McCl.)C.S.Chao et G.Y.Yang,comb.nov.的异名。 关键词:异枝竹属; 酸竹属; 异名%In this paper, Metasasa W. T. Lin was treated as a new synonym of the genus Acidosasa C. D. Chu et C . S. Chao ex Keng f. A new combination, Acidosasa nanunica (McCl.) C. S. Chao et G. Y. Yang, was given. Metasasa carinata W. T. Lin and Metasasa albo-farinosa W. T. Lin were reduced as synonyms of A. nanunica.

  7. Relativistic effects in atom and neutron interferometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schleich, Wolfgang [Institut fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    Motivated by the recent debate if the Kasevich-Chu atom interferometer can measure the gravitational redshift, we show that the physical origin of the observed phase shift depends on the representation of quantum mechanics chosen for the calculation. We illustrate this phenomenon using the position and the momentum representations and demonstrate that the decomposition of the total phase shift into three dynamical phases, which emerges in the Feynman path integral approach and is at the very heart of the redshift controversy, does not appear in position space. This feature stands out most clearly in a representation-free analysis of the Kasevich-Chu interferometer where two rather than three phases contribute to the phase shift. We also compare and contrast atom and neutron interferometry.

  8. Fifty-six Cases of Stubborn Eczema Treated by Oral Administration and Topical Application of Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗维丹; 邬成霖

    2001-01-01

    @@ Eczema is a kind of very common dermatopathy. The cases with a long course of illness and hard to be cured are termed as stubborn eczema. We have obtained good results in its treatment since 1995 with the Chu Shi Tang (除湿汤Dampness-Clearing Decoction) for oral intake and the Fu Fang Ku Shen Xi Ye (复方苦参洗液) for topical application. The following is a clinical report for treating 56 patients with stubborn eczema.

  9. High-pressure effects on the superconducting transition temperature of aluminum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The superconducting transition temperature T/subc/ of aluminum has been measured as a function of pressure to 62 kbar, at which point T/subc/ was reduced to 0.075 K from its zero pressure value of 1.18 K. These data cover ranges of temperature and pressure which allow differentiation between theoretical and empirical predictions. The data clearly obey the empirical relation of Smith and Chu and suggest a new volume dependence for the electron-phonon interaction

  10. Summary Report: Asian Pacific Islander Workers Hearing

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance; AFL-CIO; UCLA Labor Center

    2002-01-01

    The first ever California State Assembly Hearing on Asian Pacific Islander Workers was convened by the Labor Employment Committee and the Asian Pacific Islander Legislative Caucus, at the request of Assembly member Judy Chu. The Hearing brought together Asian Pacific Islander workers and advocates from all over California. Their stories are a snapshot of millions of workers. The testimonies gave a glimpse of the detrimental impact that worker exploitation has on families and communities. Most...

  11. Geriatric slim implants for complete denture wearers: clinical aspects and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Huard C; Bessadet M; Nicolas E; Veyrune JL

    2013-01-01

    Cedric Huard,2 Marion Bessadet,1,2 Emmanuel Nicolas,1,2 Jean-Luc Veyrune,1,21Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, Centre de Recherche en Odontologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Service d'Odontologie, Clermont-Ferrand, FranceBackground: Advances made in prevention have helped postpone complete edentulism in older patients. However, in the elderly, the physiological state reduces patients' ability to adapt to or...

  12. Change, Reputation, and Hair: A Female Rite of Passage in Mtha' ba Village

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blo bzang tshe ring

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cultural change is examined through a case study of a female rite of passage in Mtha' ba Village, Bsang chu County (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Region, Gansu Province, China. The ritual is described and patterns of social, cultural, economic, and technological change on the Tibetan Plateau are examined. The importance of reputation and competition, as well as the symbolic significance of hair, are explored in Tibetan contexts.

  13. Association between physiological falls risk and physical performance tests among community-dwelling older adults

    OpenAIRE

    Singh DK; Pillai SG; Tan ST; Tai CC; Shahar S

    2015-01-01

    Devinder KA Singh,1 Sharmila GK Pillai,1 Sin Thien Tan,1 Chu Chiau Tai,1 Suzana Shahar2 1Physiotherapy Programme, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, 2Nutrition and Dietetics Programme, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Background: Physical performance and balance declines with aging and may lead to increased risk of falls. Physical performance tests may be useful for initial fall-risk...

  14. Interleukin-32α inactivates JAK2/STAT3 signaling and reverses interleukin-6-induced epithelial–mesenchymal transition, invasion, and metastasis in pancreatic cancer cells

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jingfeng

    2016-01-01

    Jingfeng Chen,1,2,* Silu Wang,1,* Jiadong Su,1 Guanyu Chu,1 Heyi You,1 Zongjing Chen,1 Hongwei Sun,1 Bicheng Chen,1,3 Mengtao Zhou1 1Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 2Department of Surgery, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Lishui, 3Zhejiang Provincial Top Key Discipline in Surgery, Wenzhou Key Laboratory of Surgery, Department of Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzho...

  15. First record of the genus Zaglyptus Förster (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Pimplinae) from Vietnam, with description of one new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Nhi Thi; Broad, Gavin R; Wägele, Wolfgang J

    2013-01-01

    The ichneumonid wasp genus Zaglyptus Förster, 1868 is reported for the first time from Vietnam, with three species found in the country. One new species, Zaglyptus guptai sp. nov., is described based on material collected in Chu Yang Sin NP, Dak Lak Province. Two other species, Z. glaber Gupta and Z. nigrolineatus, Gupta are recorded as new for the country. In addition, the subspecies Z glaber singaporensis Gupta is synonymised with the nominate subspecies.

  16. Cancer du sein: intérêt du bilan d’extension par imagerie lors du diagnostic initial et du suivi les trois premières années après le diagnostic

    OpenAIRE

    Schroeder, Hélène; Hanocq, Florence; Collignon, Joëlle; Colin, Paul-Emile; Depuis, Zoé; Triffaux, François; Rorive, Andrée; Jerusalem, Guy

    2015-01-01

    In our region, repeated tumor staging by radiological procedures aiming to detect relapses and/or metastases from breast cancer is frequently performed. However, these procedures are not recommended by current international guidelines. We retrospectively analyzed the charts from 818 patients with a new diagnosis of breast cancer seen at CHU Liege between 2005 and 2009. We assessed the role of staging procedures at initial diagnosis and during follow-up the first 3 years after the diagnosis of...

  17. A New Species of Angiopteris from Guangxi%广西莲座蕨属一新种

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和兆荣

    2000-01-01

    @@ 疏脉莲座蕨新种图版Ⅰ:1~4 Angiopteris paucinervis W.M.Chu et Z.R.He ex Z.R.He, sp.nov. Species mirabilis, habitu plantae minori A.fokiensis Hieron. similis, sed st ipite sine tuberculo, pinnulis superioribus base rotundo-cuneatis vel cuneatis, inferioribus manifeste redactis, adnatis flabellulatis, sine costis, venulis par allelis ad margines pinnulae, ab ea et aliis congeneris facile distinguitur.

  18. A systematic review of nonsurgical single-visit versus multiple-visit endodontic treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Wong AWY; Zhang C; Chu CH

    2014-01-01

    Amy WY Wong, Chengfei Zhang, Chun-hung Chu Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China Abstract: Conventional endodontic treatment used to require multiple visits, but some clinicians have suggested that single-visit treatment is superior. Single-visit endodontic treatment and multiple-visit endodontic treatment both have their advantages and disadvantages. This paper is a literature review of the research on ...

  19. Relative shortening and functional tethering of spinal cord in adolescent scoliosis – Result of asynchronous neuro-osseous growth, summary of an electronic focus group debate of the IBSE

    OpenAIRE

    Burwell R Geoffrey; Cheng Jack CY; Guo Xia; Lee Kwong-man; Tze-ping Lam; Ng Bobby KW; Lam Wynnie MW; Chu Winnie CW; Dangerfield Peter H; Jaspan Tim

    2008-01-01

    Abstract There is no generally accepted scientific theory for the causes of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). As part of its mission to widen understanding of scoliosis etiology, the International Federated Body on Scoliosis Etiology (IBSE) introduced the electronic focus group (EFG) as a means of increasing debate on knowledge of important topics. This has been designated as an on-line Delphi discussion. The Statement for this debate was written by Dr WCW Chu and colleagues who examine ...

  20. Comment on `Recombination induced softening and reheating of the cosmic plasma'

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Wan Yan; Scott, Douglas

    2006-01-01

    Leung, Chan & Chu (2004) claimed that a previously neglected reheating effect makes a small but noticeable change to the process of cosmological recombination. We revisit this effect by considering a system consisting of both radiation and ionizing gas under adiabatic expansion. In the thermal equilibrium limit, due to the huge radiation background, only a fraction about 10^-10 of the heat released from the recombination of atoms is shared by the matter. And in the standard hydrogen recombina...

  1. CUJU'S SPREAD TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔乐泉

    2004-01-01

    In history,the sport of cuju or kemari has had a significant influence on the world, and China's neighbouring countries in particular, such as Japan and Korea. What's more, the impact has been profound.Here I would oke to explain my point by using Japan as an example, since Japan is one of the countries that have absorbed the richest variety of China's ancient traditions and culture.Its absorption of ancient China's tsu chu also bears quite some features.

  2. 少数民族貧困地域における農村家族経営の現状と展望 : 雲南省楚雄イ族自治州江頭村の事例を中心に

    OpenAIRE

    程, 士国; 大原, 興太郎; Cheng, Shi Guo; OHARA, Kotaro

    1999-01-01

    China is a multinational country composed of Han ethnogenesies 55 of ethnic minorities. The change in rural family farming in minority nationality concentration areas will have a great impact on the development of the Chinese rural economy. The case study area is the Jiang Tou village of the Chu Xiong Yi ethnogenesis autonmous prefecture of Yunnan Province. The following main points were found during the survey. 1) It was found that low productivity of family workers and insufficient farm su...

  3. Atom gravimeters and gravitational redshift

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Borde, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude; 10.1038/nature09340

    2010-01-01

    In a recent paper, H. Mueller, A. Peters and S. Chu [A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves, Nature 463, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometry experiments published a decade ago did in fact measure the gravitational redshift on the quantum clock operating at the very high Compton frequency associated with the rest mass of the Caesium atom. In the present Communication we show that this interpretation is incorrect.

  4. Reply to the comment on: "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?"

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2012-01-01

    Hohensee, Chu, Peters and M\\"uller have submitted a comment (arXiv:1112.6039 [gr-qc]) on our paper "Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency?", Classical and Quantum Gravity 28, 145017 (2011), arXiv:1009.2485 [gr-qc]. Here we reply to this comment and show that the main result of our paper, namely that atom interferometric gravimeters do not test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency, remains valid.

  5. Cross-Sectional Dependence Robust Block Bootstrap Panel Unit Root Tests

    OpenAIRE

    Palm, F.C.; Smeekes, S.; Urbain, J.R.Y.J.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we consider the issue of unit root testing in cross-sectionally dependent panels. We consider panels that may be characterized by various forms of cross-sectionaldependence including (but not exclusive to) the popular common factor framework. Weconsider block bootstrap versions of the group-mean Im, Pesaran, and Shin (2003) and thepooled Levin, Lin, and Chu (2002) unit root coefficient DF-tests for panel data, originallyproposed for a setting of no cross-sectional dependence bey...

  6. IL-8 secretion in primary cultures of prostate cells is associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Neveu B; Moreel X; Deschênes-Rompré M-P; Bergeron A; LaRue H; Ayari C; Fradet Y; Fradet V

    2014-01-01

    Bertrand Neveu*, Xavier Moreel*, Marie-Pier Deschênes-Rompré, Alain Bergeron, Hélène LaRue, Cherifa Ayari, Yves Fradet, Vincent FradetDepartment of Surgery, Laval University Cancer Research Centre, CHU de Quebec Research Centre, Quebec, QC, Canada *These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Chronic inflammation is believed to be a major factor in prostate cancer initiation and promotion and has been studied using prostate cancer cells ...

  7. Factors of binomial sums from the Catalan triangle

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Victor J W

    2009-01-01

    By using the Newton interpolation formula, we generalize the recent identities on the Catalan triangle obtained by Miana and Romero as well as those of Chen and Chu. We further study divisibility properties of sums of products of binomial coefficients and an odd power of a natural number. For example, we prove that for all positive integers $n_1, ..., n_m$, $n_{m+1}=n_1$, and any nonnegative integer $r$, the expression

  8. The determinants of trust in supplier–automaker relations in the US, Japan, and Korea: A retrospective

    OpenAIRE

    Jeff Dyer; Wujin Chu

    2011-01-01

    This retrospective on the Dyer and Chu (2000) article “The determinants of trust in supplier–automaker relationships in the US, Japan, and Korea” attempts to accomplish a number of objectives. First, the paper examines the key findings and impact of the original paper, and provides additional insights behind the original research. Notably, we further clarify why interpersonal trust between organizational boundary spanners does not translate into inter-organizational trust – and why inter-orga...

  9. 云南瓶尔小草属一新种%A New Species of Ophioglossum from Yunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和兆荣

    2001-01-01

    @@永仁瓶尔小草 新种 图1   Ophioglossum yongrenense Ching ex Z. R. He et W. M. Chu, sp. nov.   Species nova aspectu inter O. kawamuram Tagawa et O. parvum Nishida et Kurita Japonicae, differt a priore frondibus pro parte laminis sterilibus praeditis (in illa frondibus omnino laminis sterilibus non praeditis), a posteriore frondibus pro parte laminis sterilibus non praeditis (in O. parvo Nishida et Kurita frondibus omino laminis sterilibus praeditis).

  10. Parasitosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008246 Effect of paeoniflorin on hepatic immunopathogenesis in mice with Schistosoma japonicum infection. CHU Deyong(储德勇),et al.Dept Parasitol,Anhui Medical Univ,Hefei 230032.Chin J Parasitol Parasit Dis 2008;26(1):10-15.Objective To investigate the mechanism of paeoniflorin in preventing hepatic granuloma formation and fibrosis in mice infected withSchistosoma japonicum.Methods Model of hepatic granuloma and fibrosis was

  11. Daily baseline skin care in the prevention, treatment, and supportive care of skin toxicity in oncology patients: recommendations from a multinational expert panel

    OpenAIRE

    Bensadoun RJ; Humbert P; Krutman J; Luger T; Triller R; Rougier A; Seite S; Dreno B

    2013-01-01

    René-Jean Bensadoun,1 Phillipe Humbert,2 Jean Krutman,3 Thomas Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 André Rougier,6 Sophie Seite,6 Brigitte Dreno71Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, 2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, M&uu...

  12. Educational patterning of preparation for living in a marital family

    OpenAIRE

    Norkutė, Odeta

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of possibilities for preparation for family life becomes essential because young people have to treat their future family life with great responsibility, to know its legal, public and individual aspects. In Lithuania, the practice of preparation for marriage and support for family life cannot yet be considered as a system. Family life educational programmes in secondary schools are only starting to be implemented. Pre-marriage preparation programmes are being run only by Catholic Chu...

  13. 元田永孚における『論語』の新たな位置づけ : 『元田先生進講録』を中心に

    OpenAIRE

    アンディー バンキット セティアワン,

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to reevaluate the relation between Motoda Nagazane and Confucianism by analyzing Motoda Nagazane's lecture record to Meiji Emperor on Analect of Confucianism, know as Motoda Sensei Shinkouroku. Study on the relation between Motoda Nagazane and Confucianism this far has brought a preconceived idea that Motoda Nagazane's perception on Confucianism is a consecutive perception of Edo Confucianism or often said as a pure perception of Chu Hsi school perception. For this study, it h...

  14. Trends in reporting of mechanisms and incidence of hip injuries in males playing minor ice hockey in Canada: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Ayeni OR; Kowalczuk M; Farag J; Farrokhyar F; Chu R; Bedi A; Willits K; Bhandari M

    2014-01-01

    Olufemi R Ayeni,1 Marcin Kowalczuk,1 Jordan Farag,1 Forough Farrokhyar,1,2 Raymond Chu,1 Asheesh Bedi,3 Kevin Willits,4 Mohit Bhandari1,2 1Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, 2Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 3Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada Background: There has been a noted i...

  15. Can Big Pharma Behavior Change to Benefit Patients?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Professors Rosenberg and Chu will discuss how the behavior of large pharmaceutical companies can sometimes compromise the needs of patients. The behavior includes strategies for lobbying Congress, exploiting patent law, targeting large consumer markets, creating demand from patients, and influencing physicians. In some cases, this behavior has created ethical and legal problems. The talk will conclude with a discussion of possible ways to encourage changes that will benefit patients.

  16. Effect of biologic agents on radiographic progression of rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Devauchelle, Valerie

    2010-01-01

    Gabriel J Tobón1, Alain Saraux1,2, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec1,21Immunology Laboratory, Morvan Hospital, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France; 2Rheumatology Unit, Hôpital de la Cavale Blanche, CHU Brest, FranceAbstract: The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has benefited over the last few years from the introduction of biologic agents whose development was based on new insights into the immunological factors involved in the pathogen...

  17. Zongzi and Its Story

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER LIM

    1996-01-01

    THE Dragon Boat Festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, when the weather turns warm. Traditionally, people eat zongzi(a pyramid shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves) during this festival to commemorate the ancient patriotic poet Qu Yuan (340-278 B.C.). Qu Yuan lived in the Chu State during the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.).

  18. Institutional Change, Growth, and Poverty Levels in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    A.R. KEMAL

    2003-01-01

    It is now well-recognised that institutions matter in the growth process both directly and indirectly. Well-functioning institutions lead to higher investment levels, better policies, increase in social capital stock of a community, and better management of ethnic diversity and conflicts [see for example North (1990, 1994); Jutting (2003); Rodrik, et al. (2002); Dollar and Kray (2002); World Bank (2002); Aron (2000); Chu (2001) and Frischtak (1995)]. That the decay of institutions has led to ...

  19. Theoretical Nuclear Physics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    1.1 Analysis of Two Correlation at CERN Energy Chu Zili Sa Benhao Zheng Yuming The method of two π interferometry can be used to obtain the source-size of theπ produced in heavy ion collisions. We have used the relativistic hadron cascade model (RHCM) to simulate the heavy ion collisions at CERN energy, which include the O-,S-and p-induced reactions.

  20. My English Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Of all the teachers, I love my English teacher best. He is a very good teacher and about thirty years old. We all call him Mr Chu. He is not tall but a little fat. He is a man with a good sense of humour and always friendly to us. We all like him and his lesson. In his class, we feel very happy. He always makes his English lesson interesting. We know English is rather difficult to learn but in his class,

  1. The Transition of Cultural Ecology in Beidong District of Guizhou – A Case Study of Tianzhu Community

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Xing; DONG, Baoling; Zhao, Yingzi

    2014-01-01

    Beidong minorities living together in Qingshui River valley are deeply influenced by Jing and Chu culture. Their ethnic and traditional culture was developed in the process of collision with foreign culture. In the several great social transformations, their cultural ecology was not imbalanced, but evolved and developed. Through the study on local knowledge of cultural ecology including agricultural production, ancestral hall and local-style dwelling house, full-scale drama and Yang Drama, ge...

  2. 从新出土资料再论“项梁铸大钱”%On XIANG Liang Casting Coins Based on Newly Unearthed Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冀和

    2011-01-01

    Several groups of coin models and a coin hoard were unearthed from the site of the Ancient City of Zheng &Han in Xinzheng, Henan, to which, controversies have arisen over the ascription of the irregularly shaped spade coins and the co-existence of coins from various states. An examination on the characteristic of the unearthed accompanying weapons, and the historical materials concerning the facts that Western Chu was controlling the manors economy and that the Chu army was defeated in the war with Han reveals that the coin modets and the coin hoard should be the remains of Western Chu as the social context reflected by them matches the history of Western Chu.%河南省新郑“郑韩故城”相继出土了几批古钱范和一处古钱币窖藏,其中“异形布”的归属与出现各国货币的现象一直有争论,根据伴出的兵器性质以及当时西楚政权控制封地经济、楚汉相争楚军败退等历史资料分析,这批钱范和钱窖所反映的社会内容最符合项羽西楚政权的历史背景,它们都应属西楚政权时期遗存。

  3. Climate Cooperation——Highlights of Barack Obama's Visit to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Xiaosheng

    2009-01-01

    Barack Obama, the first US president who came to China in his first term, finished his four-day visit on November 18th, 2009. Many important officials ac-companied him such as Sectary of State Hillary Clin-ton, Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke, Energy secretary Steven Chu and Trade Representative Kirk, so his visit was also interpreted as a signal to show friendliness to China.

  4. What Do Real Revolutionaries Eat?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    INESAPLESKACHEUSKAYA

    2005-01-01

    CHINESE Western cuisine is proudly spicy.Its distinctive flavor comes from red-hot chili peppers, an ingredient first brought to China by Spanish merchants in the 17th century. But Sichuan cuisine was hot long before the Spaniards arrived.A collection of poems from the ancient state of Chu entitled Elegy to the South reveals that natives of the area have been cooking with Sichuan pepper, cassia(local cinnamon), wormwood and other spices since 300 BC.

  5. Restoring proximal caries lesions conservatively with tunnel restorations

    OpenAIRE

    Chu CH; Mei ML; Cheung C; Nalliah RP

    2013-01-01

    Chun-Hung Chu1, May L Mei,1 Chloe Cheung,1 Romesh P Nalliah2 1Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The tunnel restoration has been suggested as a conservative alternative to the conventional box preparation for treating proximal caries. The main advantage of tunnel restoration over the conventional box or slot pre...

  6. Restoring proximal caries lesions conservatively with tunnel restorations

    OpenAIRE

    Chu, Chun-Hung

    2013-01-01

    Chun-Hung Chu1, May L Mei,1 Chloe Cheung,1 Romesh P Nalliah2 1Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The tunnel restoration has been suggested as a conservative alternative to the conventional box preparation for treating proximal caries. The main advantage of tunnel restoration over the conventional box or slo...

  7. Chronotropic incompetence can limit exercise tolerance in COPD patients with lung hyperinflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hulo S

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Sébastien Hulo,1 Jocelyn Inamo,2 Aurélie Dehon,3 Olivier Le Rouzic,4 Jean-Louis Edme,1 Remi Neviere51Université Lille, CHU Lille, EA 4483, IMPact de l’Environnement Chimique sur la Santé humaine, Lille, France; 2Département de Cardiologie – CHU Fort de France, Martinique – Faculté de Médecine – Université des Antilles, France; 3Pôle d’Anesthésie Réanimation ADRU, CHU Nîmes, Nîmes, France; 4Université Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, Lille, France; 5Université Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, Lille Inflammation Research International Center, Lille, FrancePurpose: Metabolic-chronotropic relationship is the only concept that assesses the entire chronotropic function during exercise, as it takes into account individual fitness. To better understand interrelationships between chronotropic incompetence (CI, dynamic hyperinflation (DH and exercise limitation among Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD disease severity, we evaluated cardiopulmonary responses to symptom-limited cycle exercise in stable patients.Patients and methods: We prospectively studied 47 COPD patients classified by GOLD stage severity. Pulmonary function tests and cardiopulmonary responses to symptom-limited incremental exercise were studied. CI was defined by regression line between percent heart rate (HR reserve and percent oxygen uptake (V’O2 reserve, ie, chronotropic-metabolic index (CMI. DH was defined from the knot resulting from the nonlinear regressions of inspiratory capacity changes from rest to peak (dynamic inspiratory capacity (ICdyn with percentage of maximal HR and CMI.Results: Aerobic capacity (median interquartile ranges peak V’O2, 24.3 (23.6; 25.2, 18.5 (15.5; 21.8, 17.5 (15.4; 19.1 mL·kg-1·min-1 and CMI worsened according to GOLD severity. The optimal knot of ICdyn was equal to −0.34 L. The

  8. [Evolution of neonatal mortality at the Blida University Teaching Hospital (Algeria) between 1999 and 2006].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezzaoucha, A; El Kebboub, A; Aliche, A

    2010-02-01

    Within the framework of the active information system set up by the department of epidemiology on hospital mortality at the Blida (Algeria) University Teaching Hospital (CHU), a study was carried out to assess the importance and evolution of neonatal mortality recorded at the CHU in the last eight years (1999-2006) as well as the causes of neonatal death. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) was used to encode the nature of the causal disease. Using the software EpiInfo™ in its sixth version performed data entry, monitoring and analysis. On the whole, 2,167 neonatal deaths were recorded at the CHU during the study period, representing a proportional mortality of 25.4%. Early neonatal mortality (0-6 days) accounted for 83.4% of all neonatal mortality. Nearly two thirds of early neonatal deaths occurred in the first three days of life. The monthly evolution of the number of early neonatal deaths revealed a significant rising trend during the study period (P < 0.05) without identification of seasonal effect. The sex ratio was practically the same for early and late neonatal mortality, respectively 1.4 and 1.5. Prematurity accounted for 42.1% of the deaths in early neonatal deaths, followed by respiratory distress syndrome and infection, respectively 17.0 and 14.4%. Infections, with a relative frequency of 36.2%, represented the most common cause for the late neonatal mortality. The rate of early neonatal mortality during the study period, when this one took for denominator the number of newborns admitted in neonatology to express the mortality of service, was 15.6%. Throughout the study period, the rate of early neonatal mortality, without counting the deaths among transferred newborms, could be estimated at 19.2 per 1,000 live births, while the overall neonatal mortality rate could be estimated at 22.3 per 1,000 live births. No significant temporal tendency was pointed out. The CHU of Blida is not characterized by a lower risk of neonatal mortality

  9. Roles of iron acquisition systems in virulence of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli: salmochelin and aerobactin contribute more to virulence than heme in a chicken infection model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Qingqing

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC and uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC are the two main subsets of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC. Both types have multiple iron acquisition systems, including heme and siderophores. Although iron transport systems involved in the pathogenesis of APEC or UPEC have been documented individually in corresponding animal models, the contribution of these systems during simultaneous APEC and UPEC infection is not well described. To determine the contribution of each individual iron acquisition system to the virulence of APEC and UPEC, isogenic mutants affecting iron uptake in APEC E058 and UPEC U17 were constructed and compared in a chicken challenge model. Results Salmochelin-defective mutants E058ΔiroD and U17ΔiroD showed significantly decreased pathogenicity compared to the wild-type strains. Aerobactin defective mutants E058ΔiucD and U17ΔiucD demonstrated reduced colonization in several internal organs, whereas the heme defective mutants E058ΔchuT and U17ΔchuT colonized internal organs to the same extent as their wild-type strains. The triple mutant ΔchuTΔiroDΔiucD in both E058 and U17 showed decreased pathogenicity compared to each of the single mutants. The histopathological lesions in visceral organs of birds challenged with the wild-type strains were more severe than those from birds challenged with ΔiroD, ΔiucD or the triple mutants. Conversely, chickens inoculated with the ΔchuT mutants had lesions comparable to those in chickens inoculated with the wild-type strains. However, no significant differences were observed between the mutants and the wild-type strains in resistance to serum, cellular invasion and intracellular survival in HD-11, and growth in iron-rich or iron-restricted medium. Conclusions Results indicated that APEC and UPEC utilize similar iron acquisition mechanisms in chickens. Both salmochelin and aerobactin systems appeared to be important in APEC

  10. Impact of current cough on health-related quality of life in patients with COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deslee G

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Gaëtan Deslee,1 Pierre-Régis Burgel,2 Roger Escamilla,3 Pascal Chanez,4 Isabelle Court-Fortune,5 Pascale Nesme-Meyer,6 Graziella Brinchault-Rabin,7 Thierry Perez,8 Gilles Jebrak,9 Denis Caillaud,10 Jean-Louis Paillasseur,11 Nicolas Roche2On behalf of the Initiatives BPCO Scientific Committee 1Department of Respiratory Diseases, INSERM UMR 903, Maison Blanche Hospital, University Hospital of Reims, Reims, 2Department of Respiratory Diseases, Cochin Hospital, AP-HP and University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, 3Department of Respiratory Diseases, Larrey Hospital, Toulouse, 4Department of Respiratory Diseases, APHM, INSERM U1077, CNRS UMR 7733 Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, 5Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital of St Etienne, 6Department of Respiratory Diseases, La Croix Rousse Hospital, Lyon, 7Department of Respiratory Diseases, Pontchaillou Hospital, University Hospital of Rennes, Rennes, 8Department of Respiratory Diseases, Calmette Hospital, University Hospital of Lille, Lille, 9Department of Respiratory Diseases, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, 10Department of Respiratory Diseases, Gabriel Montpied Hospital, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, 11EFFI-STAT, Paris, FranceBackground: Cough and sputum production are frequent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between cough and sputum production and health-related quality of life in COPD.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the French Initiatives COPD cohort and assessed cough and sputum production within the past 7 days using the cough and sputum assessment questionnaire (CASA-Q, health-related quality of life, spirometry, smoking status, dyspnea, exacerbations, anxiety and depression, and comorbidities.Results: One hundred and seventy-eight stable COPD patients were included (age, 62 [56–69] years, 128 male, forced expiratory volume in 1 second

  11. O papel de imunoglobulinas na nefropatia da leptospirose em suínos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa M.F. Gonçalves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A leptospirose é uma antropozoonose endêmica em todo o mundo, que afeta o homem e várias espécies de animais domésticos e silvestres. No início da infecção há produção de IgM para o controle da infecção e após alguns dias, IgG são produzidas e provocam lise das leptospiras circulantes. Objetivou-se neste estudo identificar depósitos de antígeno de leptospiras e imunoglobulinas no tecido renal, para avaliar o papel de imunoglobulinas na patogênese da nefropatia da leptospirose em suínos. Foram colhidas 139 amostras de sangue e rim de suínos das cidades de Teresina/PI e Timon/MA, que foram avaliadas pela SAM, imunoistoquímica e PCR. Nefrite intersticial, fibrose, vasculite, tumefação do tufo glomerular e hipercelularidade difusa foram as principais alterações histopatológicas encontradas. A imunoistoquímica detectou antígeno de leptospira em 60 suínos. Depósitos de IgG, IgM e IgA foram observados no endotélio de capilares glomerulares, dos capilares intertubulares e na cápsula de Bowman, com marcação focal, difusa, global e segmentar. A deposição de IgM e IgA foi significantemente maior nos suínos infectados. Estranhamente depósitos de IgG foi significantemente maior nos suínos não infectados, onde não havia presença de antígeno de leptospiras e nem lesão túbulo-intersticial. Concluímos que antígeno de leptospiras no rim de suínos está relacionado a depósitos de IgM e IgA mas não a depósitos de IgG.

  12. Radiological evaluation of the fetal face using three-dimensional ultrasound imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bäumler M

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Marcel Bäumler,1–3 Michèle Bigorre,1,4 Jean-Michel Faure1,51CHU Montpellier, Centre de Compétence des Fentes Faciales, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 2Clinique du Parc, Imagerie de la Femme, Castelnau-le-Lez, 3Cabinet de Radiologie du Trident, Lunel, 4CHU Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 5CHU Montpellier, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, FranceAbstract: This paper reviews screening and three-dimensional diagnostic ultrasound imaging of the fetal face. The different techniques available for analyzing biometric and morphological items of the profile, eyes, ears, lips, and hard and soft palate are commented on and briefly compared with the respective bi-dimensional techniques. The available literature supports the use of three-dimensional ultrasound in difficult prenatal diagnostic conditions because of its diagnostic accuracy, enabling improved safety of perinatal care. Globally, a marked increase has been observed in the accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasound in comparison with the bi-dimensional approach. Because there is no consensus about the performance of the different three-dimensional techniques, future studies are needed in order to compare them and to find the best technique for analysis of each of the respective facial elements. Universal prenatal standards may integrate these potential new findings in the future. At this time, the existing guidelines for prenatal facial screening should not be changed.Keywords: prenatal three-dimensional ultrasound, prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis, cleft lip and palate, fetal profile, retrognathism

  13. Corn stover fractions as a function of hybrid, maturity, site and year

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lizotte, P.L. [Laval Univ., Quebec City, PQ (Canada). Dept. des sols et de genie agroalimentaire; Savoie, P. [Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Quebec City, PQ (Canada); Lefsrud, M. [McGill Univ., Macdonald College, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Biosystems Engineering

    2010-07-01

    Corn stover is usually left on the ground following corn harvest so that it can be incorporated into the soil as organic matter and to protect against erosion. Part of the corn stover is oxidized in the atmosphere. Corn stover represents between 40 and 50 per cent of the dry matter (DM) contained in the aerial biomass of corn plants. Recent studies have shown that half of the corn stover could be harvested sustainably on low-sloping land under no-till practice. In Quebec, where 400,000 ha of corn are planted each year, corn stover could provide one million t DM of currently neglected biomass. Various hybrids of corn were monitored from early September to late November at 4 different sites during 2007, 2008 and 2009. Whole plants cut at 100 mm above the ground were collected weekly and separated into 7 fractions, notably the grain, the cob, the husk, the stalk below the ear, the stalk above the ear, the leaves below the ear and the leaves above the ear. In 2007, corn ears on average, were at 0.96 m above the ground at a site with low crop heat units (CHU). Hybrids grown in a warmer site were taller and their ears were 1.21 m above the ground. The DM partitioned in 7 components was 54 per cent grain, 14 per cent bottom stalk, 6 per cent top stalk, 5 per cent bottom leaves, 7 per cent top leaves, 5 per cent husk and 9 per cent cob. The total mass of fibre during harvest decreased from 8.9 to 6.6 t DM/ha for a low CHU hybrid and from 9.3 to 8.3 t DM/ha for a high CHU hybrid. Grain yield increased in 2008 from 3.8 to 7.6 t DM/ha over a 12-week period.

  14. “过去的摇滚英雄”-以大众媒介对张楚复出的报道逻辑为中心%“Past Rock Music Hero”:Centering onthe Logic of the Mass Media Reports of Zhang Chu’s Comeback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵唯伊

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the mass media reports and comments about the rock singer Zhang Chu, and concludes that the mass media presents Zhang Chu, who has come back to the screen, as a past rock music hero, so as to reduce the resistant force of China’s rock music sub-culture represented by Zhang Chu. Based on this point, the paper points out that the dominant culture represented by the mass media has little interest and lacks the ability to grasp the whole picture of the current rock music ifeld. The mass media maintains the mainstream culture’s domination over the sub-culture in a conservative and compromised way, so as to consolidate the ruling status of the mainstream culture.%通过对大众传播媒介关于摇滚歌手张楚的报道、专访和评论的分析,指出大众传播媒介试图通过报道把复出后的张楚塑造成一个依然停留在过去的摇滚英雄形象,以消解张楚所代表的中国摇滚亚文化的反抗力量。在此基础上,揭示出以大众媒介为代表的主流文化对当前摇滚的全局没有把握的兴趣或者能力,因而媒介以一种保守的、妥协的方式来维护主流文化对亚文化的主导,以达到巩固主流文化霸权地位的目的。

  15. The Actions of QuanZhen Taoism at WangWU Mountain In Meng&Yuan period%蒙元时期王屋山全真教活动述略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张方

    2012-01-01

    Quanzhen School of Taoism is widely spread in WangWu Mountain in the Mongol - Yuan Period. Disci- ples of some famous master including Ma DanYang, Qiu ChuJi, Liu ChuXuan, Wang ChuYi and Hao DaTong was popular. The most important actions in that period was to engrave taoist scripture led by Song DeFang and national sacrifice in WangWu Mountain and JiDu Temple. The first action improved believers' religion knowledge, the sec- ond one did the close links with WangWu Daosim and governors. According to those actions, WangWu Mountain became one core area of Quanzhen School of Taoism.%蒙元时期全真道在王屋山地区分布极广。马丹阳、丘处机、刘处玄、王处一、郝大通等宗系弟子在王屋山均有流传,其中又以刘处玄系弟子最盛。这一时期,王屋山道教最重要的活动就是在宋德芳的领导下刊刻《道藏》以及在王屋天坛和济源济渎庙所举行国家祭祀活动,前者提高了王屋山全真道众的道学文化水平,后者加强了王屋山道教与统治者及全真教上层的联系。通过这些活动,王屋山逐渐成为全真教活动的核心区域之一。

  16. Patients’ beliefs about adherence to oral antidiabetic treatment: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Guénette L; Lauzier S; Guillaumie L; Giguère G; Grégoire JP; Moisan J

    2015-01-01

    Line Guénette,1–3 Sophie Lauzier,1–3 Laurence Guillaumie,2–4 Gabriel Giguère,1 Jean-Pierre Grégoire,1–3 Jocelyne Moisan1–3 1Faculty of Pharmacy, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 2Chair on Adherence to Treatments, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 3CHU de Québec Research Center, Population Health and Optimal Practices Research Unit, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 4Faculty of Nursing, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Cana...

  17. Patients’ beliefs about adherence to oral antidiabetic treatment: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Guénette, Line

    2015-01-01

    Line Guénette,1–3 Sophie Lauzier,1–3 Laurence Guillaumie,2–4 Gabriel Giguère,1 Jean-Pierre Grégoire,1–3 Jocelyne Moisan1–3 1Faculty of Pharmacy, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 2Chair on Adherence to Treatments, Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 3CHU de Québec Research Center, Population Health and Optimal Practices Research Unit, Quebec City, QC, Canada; 4Faculty of Nursing, Lav...

  18. Maailmade loomine ja rahvuspaviljonid Veneetsias / Kati Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Kati, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    53. Veneetsia biennaal "Making Worlds / Fare Mondi / Maailmu luues" 7. VI-22. XI, kuraator Daniel Birnbaum. Hiina kunstniku Chu Yuni tööst "Constellation / Tähtkuju" kuraatorinäitusel. Lühidalt USA (Bruce Nauman) ja Hispaania (Miquel Barcelo) paviljonidest, pikemalt Taani ja Põhjamaade (kunstnike-kuraatorite Michael Elmgreeni ja Ingar Dragseti projekt "The Collectors / Kogujad"), Prantsuse (Claude Lévèque'i "Le Grand Soir / Suur öö", kuraator Christian Bernard) ja Egiptuse (Adel El Siwi ja Ahmad Askalany "Leggermente monumentale / Kergelt monumentaalne") paviljonidest

  19. Generation and Correlation Characteristics of Complex Spreading Sequences for CDMA Wireless Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poonam Goyal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents complex spreading sequences (CSS for use in coded multiple access communication systems. The complex sequences such as Zadoff-Chu (ZC and Oppermann {&} Vucetic (OV are described here. These complex spreading sequences offers a very wide range of values for both auto-correlation (AC and cross-correlation (CC functions, allowing great flexibility in the selection of characteristics of sequence sets. The parameters such as mean-square aperiodic AC and CC values for various sequence sets are presented here

  20. ON THE SELF-SIMILARITY OF A JET IN CROSSFLOW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The RNG k-ε turbulence model is adopted to investigate a turbulent round jet issuing into crossflow, with the Reynolds number at jet exit of Re=6000 and jet-to crossflow velocity ratio of r=8. With the CFD code, FLUENT, the relations of dimensional analysis are successfully reproduced and the calculated coefficients agree well with the experimental measurements of Wong (1991) and Chu (1996). The investigations are then taken on the velocity, stream function and vorticity at the far field of the jet. It shows that at least within the covered range herein, the jet at the far field is self-similar.

  1. D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate-based derivative nanoparticles as a novel carrier for paclitaxel delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Wu YP; Chu Q; Tan SW; Zhuang XT; Bao YL; Wu TT; Zhang ZP

    2015-01-01

    Yupei Wu,1,* Qian Chu,2,* Songwei Tan,1 Xiangting Zhuang,1 Yuling Bao,1 Tingting Wu,1 Zhiping Zhang1,3,41Tongji School of Pharmacy, 2Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical School, 3Hubei Engineering Research Center for NDDS, 4National Engineering Research Center for Nanomedicine, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Paclitaxel (PTX) is one of the most effective antin...

  2. In vitro gynogenesis in red beet (Beta vulgaris L.: effects of ovule culture conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Barański

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the influence of factors affecting gynogenic response of red beet ovules is discussed. The ovule response frequencies were the highest in the following conditions: N6 (Chu 1975 mineral salts, 0.5 mg/l IAA, 0.2 mg/l BA, 27 or 32oC. The influence of genotype of donor plants was confirmed and it was found that the ovules excised from cultivar plants have a greater gynogenic ability than the ovules of hybrids or inbred lines.

  3. Eupafolin nanoparticles protect HaCaT keratinocytes from particulate matter-induced inflammation and oxidative stress

    OpenAIRE

    Yen, Feng-Lin; Lin, Zih-Chan; Lee, Chiang-Wen; Tsai, Ming-Horng; Ko, Horng-Huey; Fang, Jia-You; Chiang, Yao-Chang; Liang, Chan-Jung; Hsu,Lee-Fen Hsu; Hu,Stephen Chu-Sung

    2016-01-01

    Zih-Chan Lin,1,* Chiang-Wen Lee,2,3,* Ming-Horng Tsai,4 Horng-Huey Ko,5 Jia-You Fang,1,2 Yao-Chang Chiang,6,7 Chan-Jung Liang,8,9 Lee-Fen Hsu,10 Stephen Chu-Sung Hu,11,12 Feng-Lin Yen5,8,13 1Graduate Institute of BioMedical Sciences, Chang Gung University, 2Research Center for Industry of Human Ecology, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Kweishan, Taoyuan, 3Division of Basic Medical Sciences, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Technology and Chronic Diseases and Hea...

  4. IDENTITIES INVOLVING RATIONAL SUMS BY INVERSION AND PARTIAL FRACTION DECOMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Prodinger

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Identities appearing recentlyin: {sc J. L. D'{i}az-Barrero, J. Gibergans-B'agu-ena, P. G. Popescu:}{it Some identities involving rational sums}. Appl. Anal. Discrete Math., {f 1} (2007, 397--402, aretreated by inverting them; the resulting sums areevaluated using partial fraction decomposition, following{sc Wenchang Chu:} {it A binomial coefficient identity associated with {B}eukers' conjectureon {A}p'ery numbers.} Electron. J. Combin., {f 11} (1: Note 15, 3 pp. (electronic, 2004.This approach produces a general formula, not only special cases.

  5. The correlation between emotional distress and aging males’ symptoms at a psychiatric outpatient clinic: sexual dysfunction as a distinguishing characteristic between andropause and anxiety/depression in aging men

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Ching Yen

    2013-01-01

    Ching-Yen Chen,1,4,5 Chin-Pang Lee,1,4 Yu Chen,2,4,5 Jun-Ran Jiang,3,4,5 Chun-Lin Chu,1,4,5 Chun-Liang Chen3,4,5 1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Urology, 3Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 4Men’s Health Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taiwan; 5School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan Background: Andropause and psychiatric disorders are associated with various symptoms in aging males and are part of the differential diagnosis of ...

  6. The pineal Gland, melatonin and hormones rythms regulation

    OpenAIRE

    VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo

    2016-01-01

    The pineal gland, melatonin, and the regulation of hormonal rhythms Dr. H Valdés-Socin. Head of clinic. Department of Endocrinology. CHU de Liège The pineal gland is known by Anatomists since the middle ages. Andrea Vesalius described it in the chap VII of his monumental book "De humani corporis fabrica (1555)". René Descartes had the intuition that the pineal gland is a "third eye" and that is how his illustrator Florent Schuyl represented it in figure 34 of Descartes book "De Homi...

  7. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AL AJEELI A., AL-BASTAKI Y. A. L. (2011, Handbook of research on e-services in the public sector: e-government strategies and advancements. Hershey, PA : Information Science Reference, 523 p. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic governance and cross-boundary collaboration : innovations and advancing tools. Hershey, PA : IGI Global, 421 p. CROPF R. A., KRUMMENACHER W. S. (2011, Information Communication Technologies and the virtual public sphere: impacts of netwo...

  8. 新潟市方言におけるシラビーム方言的要素

    OpenAIRE

    松木, 愛美; Matsuki, Emi

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, an attempt will be made to examine the phonological classification of a Japanese dialect, and to search for the existence of the syllabeme phenomenon in the Niigata City dialect. There are Japanese dialects which cannot analyze words such as Chu-sha and Macchi as two part units. In those dialects, long vowel(R), skipping-wise intonation(N), double consonant(Q) and the diphthong (ai, ui, and oi, etc.) are not taken as one unit of length. From this fact, Shibata (1962) assumed th...

  9. Comportamento de novilhas bubalinas terminadas em confinamento usando promotor de crescimento ou esferas de chumbo no útero - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i3.1212 Buffalo heifers behavior in feedlot using growth promoter or lead spheres introduced in the uterus - DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v27i3.1212

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Soares Domingues

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito da simulação da prenhez (100 esferas de chumbo no útero – CHU e uso de promotor de crescimento (PRC em comparação às novilhas vazias (VAZ, sobre o comportamento ingestivo, ruminação e imersão em água. Foram utilizadas 20 búfalas Murrah. Foi observado o comportamento das novilhas por cinco dias, em confinamento de 84 dias. O tempo de alimentação foi maior para o PRC (1352,5min. em relação ao VAZ (1120,2min. e ao CHU (1128,1min., que não diferiram entre si. O tempo de ruminação foi maior para os animais do PRC (2598,5min. em relação ao CHU (2169,7min., com o VAZ (2357,4min. em posição intermediária. No que se refere ao tempo de imersão em água (IME, este foi semelhante entre VAZ (1369,3min. e CHU (1289,9min. e superior ao tratamento PRC (604,0min.. O implante influenciou positivamente o tempo de alimentação e ruminaçãoThis experiment evaluated the effects of treatments simulating pregnancy (100 lead spheres in the uterus - LEA and implanted growth promoter (GPR, compared to a control group (EMP on feed intake behavior, rumination behavior, and water immersion behavior. Twenty Murrah buffaloes were used. After 84-day confinement, the heifers’ behavior was observed for five days. The feeding time was longer in GPR (1352.5min. than in EMP (1120.2min. and LEA (1128.1min.; the last two groups did not differ from each other. The rumination time was longer in GPR (2598.5min. than in LEA (2169.7min., and EMP had an intermediary time (2357.4min.. As for water immersion, the time was similar for EMP (1369.3min. and LEA (1289.9min. and longer in GPR (604.0min.. Implant utilization influenced feeding and rumination times

  10. About Animal Husbandry and Feed Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Animal Husbandry and Feed Science is published to introduce the research achievements of animal husbandry and veterinary workers to the world,enhance their chances to participate in international academic exchange,and promote development of animal husbandry and veterinary.In 2009,Wu Chu(USA-China)Science&Culture Media Co.(Cranston,USA)and Anhui Wuchu Science,Technology and Culture Communication Co.,Ltd(Hefei,China)issued the journal Animal Husbandry and Feed Science(ISSN 1943-9911).The main content is basic theory and applied research about animal husbandry,veterinary,feed science and other related fields.The journal covers many research areas

  11. Effects of combined dietary supplementation with fenofibrate and Schisandrae Fructus pulp on lipid and glucose levels and liver function in normal and hypercholesterolemic mice

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu PL; Pan SY; Zhou SF; Zhang Y.; Wang XY; Sun N; Chu ZS; Yu ZL; Ko KM

    2015-01-01

    Pei-Li Zhu,1 Si-Yuan Pan,1 Shu-Feng Zhou,2 Yi Zhang,1 Xiao-Yan Wang,1 Nan Sun,1 Zhu-Sheng Chu,1 Zhi-Ling Yu,3 Kam-Ming Ko41Department of Pharmacology, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 3School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China; 4D...

  12. Liste des abréviations

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    ACP Analyse en composantes principales AFD Agence française de développement AMI Assistance médicale indigène ASC Agents de santé communautaire BAD Banque africaine de développement BEP Brevet d’enseignement professionnel BEPC Brevet d’études de premier cycle BT Brevet de technicien CAMEG Centrale d’achat des médicaments essentiels génériques CAP Certificat d’aptitude professionnelle CDR Comité de défense de la Révolution CEP Certificat d’études primaires CHR Centre hospitalier régional CHU C...

  13. Online shopping behavior in offline retail stores : strategic value for companies?

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, José Pedro Santos

    2015-01-01

    In a world where e-tailing and traditional in-store shopping live together and complement each other in several shopping activities (Chu, et. al, 2010), little is known about the possibility of an emerging reality in which online and offline shopping merge into one single phenomenon. The purpose of this dissertation is to explore whether consumers are willing to engage in a shopping behavior inside retail stores in a way that is similar to the one they have when shopping online. Additionally,...

  14. Nouvelle gouvernance à l’hôpital : recomposition de l’organisation et gestion des ressources humaines

    OpenAIRE

    Crozet, Paul; Kaaniche, Asma; Lienard, Jean

    2011-01-01

    La présente recherche de nature exploratoire vise à analyser le processus en cours de recomposition de la structure hospitalière et son impact sur la gestion des ressources humaines.Elle repose sur un dispositif de recherche, original, qui associe au sein du CHU d’Amiens- un praticien, cadre dirigeant, coordonnateur de pôle, chargé de concevoir et mettre en œuvre la politique ressources humaines,- un observatrice participante, affectée à temps complet au sein de la Direction des Affaires Géné...

  15. Processus de réorientation des variantes de martensite dans un monocristal de Cu Al NiReorientation process of martensite variants in a Cu Al Ni monocrystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanc, Pascal; Lexcellent, Christian

    2003-04-01

    On the one hand, Chu (Thesis, Minnesota, 1993), Abeyaratne et al. (Philos. Mag. A 73 (2) (1996) 457-497) performed biaxial tensile tests on a single crystal Cu-Al-Ni plate, in order to analyze the reorientation process of martensite variants. On the other hand, use is made of a constitutive model with n+1 internal variables (the volume fractions of austenite and of the n martensite variants) specific to the thermomechanical behavior of SMA single crystals in order to simulate the martensite variant reorientation. The comparison between experimental results and model prediction is fairly good. To cite this article: P. Blanc, C. Lexcellent, C. R. Mecanique 331 (2003).

  16. Targeted therapy for localized non-small-cell lung cancer: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Chouaid, Christos

    2016-01-01

    Nicolas Paleiron,1 Olivier Bylicki,2 Michel André,1 Emilie Rivière,1 Frederic Grassin,1 Gilles Robinet,3 Christos Chouaïd4 On behalf of the GFPC Group 1Chest Department, HIA Clermont Tonnerre, Brest, 2Chest Department, HIA Percy, Clamart, 3Chest Department, CHU de Brest, Brest, 4GRC OncoEst, Université Paris XII, Paris, France Abstract: Targeted therapies have markedly improved the management of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NS...

  17. The Duoxu Language and the Ersu-Lizu-Duoxu relationship

    OpenAIRE

    Chirkova, Katia

    2014-01-01

    Duoxu is a terminally endangered and virtually undescribed Tibeto-Burman language, spoken in the historically multi-ethnic and multilingual Miǎnníng county in Sìchuān province in the People's Republic of China. Until recently, Duoxu was known only through a 740-word vocabulary list in the Sino-Tibetan vocabularies Xīfān Yìyǔ [Tibetan-Chinese bilingual glossary], recorded in Chinese and Tibetan transcriptions in the 18th century, and a grammatical sketch (Huáng & Yǐn 2012). Researchers who hav...

  18. Adaptogenic potential of andrographolide: An active principle of the king of bitters (Andrographis paniculata)

    OpenAIRE

    Thakur, Ajit Kumar; Chatterjee, Shyam Sunder; Kumar, Vikas

    2014-01-01

    Andrographolide is a major bioactive secondary plant metabolite isolated Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Wall. Ex. Nees. (穿心蓮 chuān xīn lián), a well-known traditionally used medicinal herb. The aim of the study was to pharmacologically evaluate the beneficial effect of andrographolide on stress-induced thermoregulatory and other physiological responses in mice. A stress-induced hyperthermia test was conducted in mice. The test agents were orally administered once daily for 11 consecutive ...

  19. Spirometry is underused in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

    OpenAIRE

    Yu WC; Fu SN; Tai EL; Yeung YC; Kwong KC; Chang Y; Tam CM; Yiu YK

    2013-01-01

    Wai Cho Yu,1 Sau Nga Fu,2 Emily Lai-bun Tai,3 Yiu Cheong Yeung,1 Kwok Chu Kwong,1 Yui Chang,1 Cheuk Ming Tam,3 Yuk Kwan Yiu2 1Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong; 2Department of Family Medicine and Primary Healthcare, Kowloon West Cluster, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong; 3Tuberculosis and Chest Service, Department of Health, Government of Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong Abstract: Spirometry is important in the diagnosis and managemen...

  20. Spirometry is underused in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Wai Cho

    2013-01-01

    Wai Cho Yu,1 Sau Nga Fu,2 Emily Lai-bun Tai,3 Yiu Cheong Yeung,1 Kwok Chu Kwong,1 Yui Chang,1 Cheuk Ming Tam,3 Yuk Kwan Yiu2 1Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong; 2Department of Family Medicine and Primary Healthcare, Kowloon West Cluster, Hospital Authority, Hong Kong; 3Tuberculosis and Chest Service, Department of Health, Government of Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong Abstract: Spirometry is important in the diagnosis and manageme...

  1. Asian Highlands Perspectives Six

    OpenAIRE

    various

    2010-01-01

    The Brag 'go Wolf Begging Ritual (Spyang sprang) by Author Mgon po tshe ring Local History in A mdo: The Tsong kha Range (Ri rgyud) by Gray Tuttle Stag rig Tibetan Village: Hair Changing and Marriage by 'brug mo skyid, Charles Kevin Stuart, Alexandru Anton-Luca, and Steve Frediani Sustainable Development of Monastic Tourism in Tibetan Areas by Pad ma 'tsho Matrilineal Marriage in Tibetan Areas In Western Sìchuān Province by Feng Min Collecting Water From the Yellow Ri...

  2. Repérages bibliographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mommolin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Gouvernance – Governance AYANSO A., CHATTERJEE D., CHO D. I. (2011, “E-Government readiness index: A methodology and analysis”, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 28, n° 4, pp. 522-532. CHEN Y.-C., CHU P.-Y. (2011, Electronic Governance and Cross-Boundary Collaboration: Innovations and Advancing Tools, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 422 p. ISBN: 9781609607548 CONCHA G., ASTUDILLO H., PORRÚA M. (et al. (2011, “E-Government procurement observatory, maturity model and early measurements”, Gove...

  3. String interactions and discrete symmetries of the pp-wave background

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Free string theory on the plane-wave background displays a discrete Z2 symmetry exchanging the two transverse SO(4) rotation groups. This symmetry should be respected also at the interacting level. We show that the zero-mode structure proposed in Chu et al (2002 Preprint hep-th/0208148) can be completed to a full kinematical vertex, contrary to claims appearing in the previous literature. We also comment on the relation with recent works on the string-bit formalism and on the comparison with the field theory side of the correspondence

  4. Catherine Creuzot-Garcher sous les Ors de la République

    OpenAIRE

    Bretillon, Lionel; Creuzot Garcher, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    Le Professeur Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, chef du service d’ophtalmologie du CHU de Dijon et enseignant-chercheur au CSGA, a reçu la distinction de Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur le 14 juillet 2013. Une fierté pour l'UMR. Cette nomination par le Premier Ministre au titre de la recherche est l’occasion pour nous de revenir sur le caractère exceptionnel de Catherine et de sa carrière. Pour qui côtoie Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, la qualifier en quelques lignes pour le 1er Cru relève de la gag...

  5. Preparation of a New Type of Multiqubit Entangled States in Cavity QED*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Wen-Yuan; WANG Xin-Wen; XIA Li-Xin

    2008-01-01

    Recently Yang,Chu,and Plan [Phys.Rev.A 70 (2004) 022329] presented a new type of multipartite entangled states for implementing efficient many-party controlled teleportation of multiqubit quantum information.Here we propose a simple scheme for preparing such a type of multi-atom entangled states in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED).The scheme involves atom-cavity interaction with large detuning,and is immune to the cavity decay and the thermal field states.Some practical analyses show its availability with the present technology.

  6. Salt-fish Economy and the Rise and Fall of Ba State%鱼盐经济与巴国的兴衰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗中玺

    2011-01-01

    在三峡地区,巫人、巴人、楚人、秦人因盐而上演了中国上古史上持续时间最长,场面悲壮惨烈的战争,虽然战争最终让巫国、巴国、楚国黯然地退出了历史的舞台,但这场战争客观上带来了文化上的融合。随着战争的升级和范围的扩大,各民族的政治、经济与文化也在连续不断的兼并与融合中日益壮大,从而促进了中华民族的统一。%In the Three Gorges area, the Wizard, Ba, Chu and Qin fought one another for salt. The time that the wars lasted is the longest one in ancient ages of China and the scenes of the war were cruel and tragic. Although eventually Wizard State, Ba State and Chu State had to withdraw from the stage of history, the objective effect of this war was cultural integration. With the escalation of the war and the expansion of the scope which was influenced, the various nations' politics, economy and cultural grow constantly during the progress of merger and integration, therefore it contribute to the unity of the Chinese nation.

  7. An example of the treatment protocol in the case of a patient who has received a radioactive product

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of 2009, the Radiation Protection Unit at Rouen University Hospital (Rouen CHU), took part in discussions initiated by the hospital's protocol review board (Nursing Care Directorate) regarding management of all hospital waste produced during health care activities (including activities involving radioactive materials) with a view to complying with French National Authority for Health requirements. Moreover, these new provisions had to incorporate management procedures relative to radioactive waste from the radio analysis laboratory at the hospital's Clinical Biology Institute in accordance with the Order of 23 July 2008. To this end, a study was carried out on the university hospital departments in question, in conjunction with the nuclear medicine department of the neighbouring Henry-Becquerel Regional Cancer Centre (CRLCC), the major producer of radioactive waste. This document presents the new protocol that takes into account the feedback experience from Rouen CHU and the CRLCC. This protocol is based on a better writing down and availability of all the information concerning the treatment received by the patient during his stay at the hospital. This protocol will allow a better identification of the waste and as a consequence a better optimization of its disposal

  8. A NEW INTERPRETATION ON"THE LOFTY HEADDRESS" IN LI SAO%《离骚》“高冠”新解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翙

    2011-01-01

    作为屈原形象特征的“高冠长剑”,并不是诗人用以表示自己异于众人的服饰,其只是楚国的普通士服,但却有着通神的象征意义,是楚地祭祀文化的集中体现。在诗中“高冠长剑”具有双重含义,既指通神,又喻美德。%The lofty headdress and lengthwise pendent, which are always considered as the unique appearance of Qu Yuan, don't show that they are different from the other intellects' raiment. They are just the ordinary raiment of the intellects of Chu nation, which however symbolize the communion between human and divinity and represent the witchcraft and memorial culture of Chu nation. In Li Sao, the lofty headdress and lengthwise pendent possess connotations of the communion between human and divinity and virtue.

  9. 无碍于物:论荆楚之地阴间美术现象特征%Unlimited Matter: Fine Acheron Art Phenomenal Characters in Jingchu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易磊

    2012-01-01

    通过荆楚墓葬出土器物的纹饰、形状等揭示当时荆楚阴间文化现象、美术现象,巫术思想,并略加评论。楚地阴间美术的神巫性、浪漫性,从器物中反映出来的具象与抽象结合、运动感与流动感交织的特征体现了楚地文化、宗教、信仰、艺术的杂糅,为世人展现出一个流光溢彩、诙诡谲怪的奇幻世界。%This paper, through the ornamentation and shape of burial utensils from Jingchu, reveals that Jingchu cultural phenomenon, witchcraft ideology and comment on them. The article describes the wizard and romantic art on Chu underworld. The tomb artfacts reflect combinatione from concretization and abstraction,and interweaven from sense of movement and sense of flowing. They show a Chu culture, religion, belief and art,and amblight with strange world to people.

  10. 黑龙江省吸血蠓一新种描述(双翅目:蠓科)%A new species of bloodsucking midge from Heilongjiang province of China(Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨军; 李明; 刘国平

    2011-01-01

    在鉴定采自黑龙江省逊克口岸的吸血蠓标本期间,发现库蠓属一新种,逊克库蠓Culicoides xunkeeasis sp.nov..该新种的翅斑与Culicoides corniculus Liu et Chu,1981和Culicoides koreensis Arnaud,1956相近似,但二者雄虫尾器阳茎中叶和阳基侧突的形状与本新种明显不同.新种模式标本保存于黑龙江出入境检验检疫局标本馆.%A new species of Culicoides was described during the identification specimens of bloodsucking midges from Xunke ports, Heilongjiang province, C.xunkeensis sp.nov.The new species is somewhat allied to C.corniculus Liu et Chu, 1981 and C.koreensis Arnaud, 1956 in the wing spots, but they are distinctly different in the shapes of aedeagus and parameres of male genitalia.The type specimen is deposited in the Entomology Collection Gallery of Heilongjiang Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of the P.R.China, Haerbin 150001, China.

  11. THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE CULTURE ORIENTATION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE SOUTH DONGTING LAKE WETLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Dongting Lake is internationally an important wetland. We studied and summarized the conception, function, classification and current situation of the wetland-landscape culture in this region. The results showed that the culture of Dongting Lake wetland was rich in diversity, which are the Rice Cultivation Culture, high-balustrade dwelling,Nuo Culture, Ship Culture, Dragon Boat Culture, Chu Culture, Ancient Architecture Landscape, Wetland Foodstuff andCuisine Culture, Civil Art, Historic Heritage and Cultural Relics, Revolutionary Sites and Ruins, and Production andLiving Culture, etc. We also evaluated the eeo-tourism value of wetland landscape culture, and analyzed its features andorientation. The results revealed that the south Dongting Lake wetland plays a key role on the Changjiang(Yangtze) Riverreaches civilization and Chinese civilization, even has great influence on the global civilization. We summarized that thesoul of the south Dongting Lake Culture was Wetland Culture, Water Culture, Rice Cultivation and Chu Culture. Thethoughts, principles and approaches of sustainable exploitation and utilization of the wetland landscape culture were formulated and suggested.

  12. THE PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LANDSCAPE CULTURE ORIENTATION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE SOUTH DONGTING LAKE WETLAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HEPing; WANGBao-zhong

    2002-01-01

    Dongting Lake is internationally an important wetland.We summarized the conception,func-tion,classification and current situation of the wetland-landscape culture in this region.The results showed that the cul-ture of Dongting Lake wetland was rich in diversity,which are the Rice Cultivation Culture,high-balustrade dwelling,Nuo Culture,Ship Culture ,Dragon Boat Culture,Chu Culture,Ancient Architecture Landscape,Wetland Foodstuff and Cuisine Culture,Civil Art.Historic Heritage and Cultural Relics,Revolutionary Sites and Ruins,and Production and Living Culture,etc.We also evaluated the eco-tourism value of wetland landscape culture,and analyzed its features and orientation.The results revealed that the south Dongting Lake wetland plays role on the Changjiang(Yangtze)River reaches civilization and Chinese civilization,even has great influence on the global civilization.We summarized that the soul of the south Dongting Lake Culture was Wetland Culture ,Water Culture,Rice Cultivation and Chu Culture.The thoughts ,principles and approaches of sustainable exploitation and utilization of the wetland landscape culture were formulat-ed and suggested.

  13. Fiscal year 2013 energy department budget: Proposed investments in clean energy research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcerak, Ernie

    2012-03-01

    Energy and environmental research programs generally fared well in President Barack Obama's proposed budget for the Department of Energy (DOE) for fiscal year (FY) 2013. In his State of the Union address, Obama called for the United States to pursue an "all of the above" energy strategy that includes fossil fuels, as well as a variety of renewable sources of energy. The DOE budget request supports that strategy, Energy Secretary Steven Chu said in a 13 February press briefing announcing the budget proposal. The proposed budget gives DOE 27.2 billion overall, a 3.2% increase from the FY 2012 enacted budget (see Table 1). This budget "reflects some tough choices," Chu said. The proposed budget would cut 4 billion in subsidies for oil and gas companies; many Republican members of Congress have already indicated that they oppose such cuts, suggesting that congressional approval of this budget may run into stumbling blocks. The budget would also cut funding for research and development projects that are already attracting private-sector investment or that are not working, and would reduce some of the department's operational costs.

  14. Update on the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer: focus on the cost-effectiveness of new agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vergnenègre A

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A Vergnenègre,1,4 I Borget,2 C Chouaid3,4 1Service de Pathologie Respiratoire et d'Allergologie, CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France; 2Etudes et Recherche en Économie de la Santé, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France; 3Service de Pneumologie, CHU Saint-Antoine, Paris, France; 4Inserm, U707, Paris, France Background: The incidence of lung cancer and the cost of drug treatment have increased dramatically in the last decade. This article examines the costs of new target agents, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs and anti-angiogenic drugs. Methods: This study uses PubMed research to focus on the topics of lung cancer, economics, and new targeted therapies. Results: The published papers only addressed TKIs and anti-angiogenic antibodies. For gefitinib, the results favored a clinical-based selection, despite the low number of studies. Erlotinib was studied in second line and as a maintenance treatment (with the studies reaching opposite conclusions in terms of cost-effectiveness. Economic analyses were not in favor of bevacizumab, but the studies on this topic were very heterogeneous. Conclusion: The economic impact of a drug depends on the health care system organization. Future clinical trials must include economic analyses, particularly with TKIs in the first line. Keywords: lung cancer, new target agents, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, anti-angiogenic, bevacizumab

  15. Energy transfer ultraviolet photodetector with 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes as acceptors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴双红; 李文连; 陈志; 李世彬; 王晓晖; 魏雄邦

    2015-01-01

    We choose 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative-metal complexes (Beq, Mgq, and Znq) as the acceptors (A) and 4,4’,4”-tri-(2-methylphenyl phenylamino) triphenylaine (m-MTDATA) as the donor (D) respectively to study the existing energy transfer process in organic ultraviolet (UV) photodetector (PD) which has an important infl uence on the sensitivity of PD. Energy transfer process from D to A without exciplex formation is discussed, differing from the working mechanism of previous PD with Gaq [Zisheng Su, Wenlian Li, Bei Chu, Tianle Li, Jianzhuo Zhu, Guang Zhang, Fei Yan, Xiao Li, Yiren Chen and Chun-Sing Lee 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 103309)] and REq [J. B. Wang, W. L. Li, B. Chu, L. L. Chen, G. Zhang, Z. S. Su, Y. R. Chen, D. F. Yang, J. Z. Zhu, S. H. Wu, F. Yan, H. H. Liu, C. S. Lee 2010 Org. Electron. 11 1301] used as A material. Under 365-nm UV irradiation with an intensity of 1.2 mW/cm2, the m-MTDATA:Beq blend device with a weight ratio of 1:1 shows a response of 192 mA/W with a detectivity of 6.5×1011 Jones, which exceeds those of PDs based on Mgq (146 mA/W) and Znq (182 mA/W) due to better energy level alignment between m-MTDATA/Beq and lower radiative decay. More photophysics processes of the PDs involved are discussed in detail.

  16. Starbucks - International Strategy and Way to Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Zábranská, Marie

    2006-01-01

    Diplomová práce se zabývá analýzou mezinárodního úspěchu společnosti Starbucks. Příčiny tohoto bezprecedentního úspěchu jsou nejprve detekovány ve vnějších faktorech a v odvětví samotném. Následuje pozorování strategických kroků společnosti od založení až po mezinárodní expanzi a podrobná deskripce interních praktik společnosti. V analytické části je pak vymezen a aplikován model, který byl vyvinut na Bocconské univerzitě v Miláně. Jednotlivé předpoklady modelu jsou porovnávány s postupem spo...

  17. 武进蒋氏家学与蒋骥学术特色关系考辨%A Study of the Relationship between Wujin Jiangs’ Family Tradition of Learning and Jiang Ji’s Academic Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱闻宇

    2015-01-01

    蒋骥《山带阁注楚辞》是清代楚辞学的重要成果,与王夫之《楚辞通释》、戴震《屈原赋注》被誉为清代“鼎足而三”的楚辞研究著作。蒋骥在注本中所展现的重考据、求真求实的学术特色,常常被认为是乾嘉朴学的先声。蒋骥研注楚辞的学术特色的形成,一方面与清初学术风气的大环境相关,一方面又与蒋氏家学传统对其治学风格的培养密不可分。从武进蒋氏医家传统,蒋氏族人的博闻强记、擅文轻举业的天资,蒋氏几代人传承的自立立人的为学态度,蒋氏重视童子业、“共学”家学传统等方面考察蒋骥学术的生成,可以看到武进蒋氏家学对《山带阁注楚辞》学术特色的形成具有重大影响。%JiangJi’s Shandaige Annotation of Chu Ci is one important achievement in Chu Ci research .The book is famous for textual research and analysis in meaning .The book together with Wang Fuzhi’s Chu Ci Tong Shi and Dai Zhen’s Qu Y uan Fu Zhu was reminded as the most important Chu Ci researching works in the Qing Dynasty .The academic characteristics of textual criticism and positivism in the book are often considered as the pioneer of Qian-Jia Learning of Simplicity .The formation of the characteristics ,on the one hand ,is related to the academic environment at that time ,on the other hand ,is inseparable with the family tradition of learning .From Wujin Jiangs’ Chinese medicine tradition ,the talent of wide learning and a retentive memory ,being good at literature rather than imperial examinations and the independent at-titude in Jiang inheritance generations and the family learning tradition of paying attention to the children’ s’ study and cooperative researching ,it can be found that Wujin Jiangs’ family tradition of learning has a significant influence on Jiang Ji’s Shandaige Annotation of Chu Ci .

  18. Essai de classement typo-technologique des araires à partir des pièces métalliques découvertes en Gaule romaine en vue de leur reconstitution Setting up of a typological-technological classification method to try to reconstruct ards from metallic pieces found in Roman Gaul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Marbach

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Les pièces métalliques d’instruments aratoires sont, pour la Gaule romaine, pratiquement les seuls éléments archéologiques à notre disposition nous permettant de reconstruire ces outils. Des auteurs tels que S.E. Rees (G.B., R. Pohanka (Autriche et surtout J. Henning (Europe du sud-est ont fait des propositions de reconstitution des instruments aratoires de cette époque. Que faut-il en penser ? Une méthode de recherche a été élaborée à partir d’une analyse fine des pièces métalliques d’un catalogue de ces pièces pour les Gaules. Les socs ont été classés en fonction de leur surface utile, de la forme de leur douille de fixation et de l’angle d’usure de la pièce avec le sol, quand il est observable. Pour les reilles, le classement est identique et la longueur de la soie est ici prise en compte. À partir des valeurs retenues pour ces pièces et d’une étude technique avec modélisation de l’instrument aratoire, les possibilités de reconstruction des araires ont été étudiées. On souhaite ainsi rappeler aux chercheurs combien il est important de publier les pièces retrouvées avec le maximum de précision, dans les dessins et les mesures. En conclusion, pour les araires à soc à douille, de nombreuses incertitudes demeurent, sauf pour les socs de petites surfaces utiles, qui sont généralement des araires manche-sep. Pour les araires à reille, la reconstruction des instruments semble accessible, y compris la longueur du timon de traction ou chambige. Quelques exemples concrets de reconstitution sont présentés, dont un araire tourne-oreille.Metallic pieces of tilling implements from Roman Gaul, are practically the only archaeological elements at our disposal to reconstruct the tools. Authors such as S.E. Rees (GB, R. Pohanka (Austria, and above all J. Henning (South East of Europe have made proposals concerning the reconstruction of tilling implements of that period. What is to be thought of these

  19. Microfacies of the Triassic limestones in the Izvorul Malului klippe (Rarău Syncline, Transylvanian Nappes, Eastern Carpathians, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Alexandra POPESCU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The Transylvanian Nappes belongs to the Central – East – Carpathian Nappes System (the Dacides Medianes which forms. The Transylvanian Nappes have a superior position in the Carpahian tectonic system that favored their fragmentation in the obduction process and slow gravitational decollement. This process makes difficult to establish the exclusively Mesozoic Transylvaniansedimentary series, especially because the majority of the litostratigraphic members occur only as isolated klippe in the Hauterivian-Aptian wildflysh filling (the superior formationbelonging to the Bucovinian Nappe of the Rarău Syncline.The allochtonous sedimentary succesion of the Transylvanian Nappes is almost exclusively represented by pelagic carbonate deposits. The amazing fossil diversity offeredmainly by the klippes of the Rarău Syncline facilitated the reconstruction of the Triassic lithological column which contains all stratigraphical terms confirmed by a rich paleontological material. The Upper Triassic carbonate deposits cropp out in few metric (Piatra Zimbrului, Popii Rarăului or submetric blocks (the klippes on the Cailor, Măceş, Izvorul Malului brooks,on the springs of the Timon brook etc. occuring in the Rarău Syncline. The studied limestone klippe is located on the left side of the Izvorul Malului brook, about 2,5 – 3 km up from his confluence with the Moldova river. The klippe which is almosttotally exploited consists of few white and gray limestone submetric blocks with Halobia. Microcrystalline carbonates are represented by muddy sediments accumulated in lowenergyquiet waters on the sea floor. The sediment consists of skeletal debris and unattachedprecipitates or of attached non-sketetal precipitates. The last two cases corespond to theautochthonous organomicrites and are characterized by common peloidal fabric. Theformation of peloids requires low or moderate rates of sediment input.Tethyan Carnian, Norian and Rhaetian carbonate

  20. Long-term safety and efficacy of Gamma Knife surgery in classical trigeminal neuralgia: a 497-patient historical cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Régis, Jean; Tuleasca, Constantin; Resseguier, Noémie; Carron, Romain; Donnet, Anne; Gaudart, Jean; Levivier, Marc

    2016-04-01

    OBJECT Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) is one of the surgical alternatives for the treatment of drug-resistant trigeminal neuralgia (TN). This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of GKS in a large population of patients with TN with very long-term clinical follow-up. METHODS Between July 1992 and November 2010, 737 patients presenting with TN were treated using GKS. Data were collected prospectively and were further retrospectively evaluated at Timone University Hospital. The frequency and severity of pain, as well as trigeminal nerve function, were evaluated before GKS and regularly thereafter. Radiosurgery using the Gamma Knife (model B, C, 4C, or Perfexion) was performed with the help of both MR and CT targeting. A single 4-mm isocenter was positioned in the cisternal portion of the trigeminal nerve at a median distance of 7.6 mm (range 4-14 mm) anterior to the emergence of the nerve (retrogasserian target). A median maximum dose of 85 Gy (range 70-90 Gy) was prescribed. RESULTS The safety and efficacy are reported for 497 patients with medically refractory classical TN who were never previously treated by GKS and had a follow-up of at least 1 year. The median age in this series was 68.3 years (range 28.1-93.2 years). The median follow-up period was 43.8 months (range 12-174.4 months). Overall, 456 patients (91.75%) were initially pain free in a median time of 10 days (range 1-180 days). Their actuarial probabilities of remaining pain free without medication at 3, 5, 7, and 10 years were 71.8%, 64.9%, 59.7%, and 45.3%, respectively. One hundred fifty-seven patients (34.4%) who were initially pain free experienced at least 1 recurrence, with a median delay of onset of 24 months (range 0.6-150.1 months). However, the actuarial rate of maintaining pain relief without further surgery was 67.8% at 10 years. The hypesthesia actuarial rate at 5 years was 20.4% and at 7 years reached 21.1%, but remained stable until 14 years with a median delay of onset of 12

  1. 《郑子家丧》与《铎氏微》%On the Zheng Zijia Sang and Duoshi Wei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯时

    2012-01-01

    《郑子家丧》与《铎氏微》竹书《郑子家丧》是一篇战国时期的《春秋》学佚籍。全篇记述楚、晋邲之战的原因与经过,弘扬了楚庄王的霸业。其文本脱胎于《左传》,应属楚威王傅铎椒所作之《铎氏微》。此书见载于《汉书·艺文志》,久已失传,今复重见,具有重要的文献学价值。文中对竹书内容进行考释,并就其文本属于《铎氏微》提出证据。%The bamboo book Zheng Zijia Sang(the Death of Zijia of the Zheng State) is a history book belonging to the Chunqiu(the Spring-and-Autumn Annals) system and completed in the Warring-States Period.The rediscovered bamboo slips of this book are now collected in Shanghai Museum.The events recorded in this book are the causes and the process of the Battle of Bi between the Chu and Jin States which laid the foundation for the hegemony of King Zhuang of the Chu State in the Spring-and-Autumn Period.Its text was derived from Zuozhuan and might have belonged to Duoshi Wei(Subtleties of Mr.Duo) written by Duo Jiao,the grand mentor of King Wei of the Chu State.This book was cataloged in the Yiwen Zhi(Treatise on Literature) of Han Shu(Book of Han) but has been lost for thousands of years;its rediscovery is of great significance for the studies on the classical bibliography.This paper deciphered and interpreted the contents of the Zheng Zijia Sang and gave evidence for the proposition that it belonged to Duoshi Wei.

  2. The brain signature of paracetamol in healthy volunteers: a double-blind randomized trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pickering G

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Gisèle Pickering,1–3 Adrian Kastler,4 Nicolas Macian,1,2 Bruno Pereira,5 Romain Valabrègue,6 Stéphane Lehericy,6 Louis Boyer,4,7 Claude Dubray,1–3 Betty Jean4 1CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, 2Centre d’Investigation Clinique – Inserm 1405, 3Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de médecine, 4CHU Gabriel Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, Service d’Imagerie Ostéo-articulaire thoracique et neurologique, 5CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Délégation Recherche Clinique et à l’Innovation, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 6Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle epiniere – ICM, Centre de NeuroImagerie de Recherche CENIR, Inserm U1127, CNRS UMR 7225, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC University Paris, Paris, France, Department of Neuroradiology, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France; 7UMR CNRS UdA 6284, Clemont-Ferrand, France Background: Paracetamol’s (APAP mechanism of action suggests the implication of supraspinal structures but no neuroimaging study has been performed in humans.Methods and results: This randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled trial in 17 healthy volunteers (NCT01562704 aimed to evaluate how APAP modulates pain-evoked functional magnetic resonance imaging signals. We used behavioral measures and functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the response to experimental thermal stimuli with APAP or placebo administration. Region-of-interest analysis revealed that activity in response to noxious stimulation diminished with APAP compared to placebo in prefrontal cortices, insula, thalami, anterior cingulate cortex, and periaqueductal gray matter.Conclusion: These findings suggest an inhibitory effect of APAP on spinothalamic tracts leading to a decreased activation of higher structures, and a top-down influence on descending inhibition. Further binding and connectivity studies are needed to evaluate how APAP modulates pain, especially in the context of repeated

  3. 荆门罗坡岗墓地研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯卫东

    2012-01-01

    罗坡岗墓地是一处战国晚期楚遗民“士”级族墓地,至少包含九个“核心家族”,起码可分出两个支族。可识别出多组夫妻并穴合葬基、兄弟辈并葬墓、父子辈墓等。罗坡岗墓地存在士级墓葬和普通族人墓葬两个阶层,存在随葬“鼎”核心组合的上层系统和随葬“鬲”核心组合的平民系统。墓地强烈的军事色彩,表明当时还存在家族式的基层军事组织。墓地的主体面貌为楚文化,说明泰国占领区基层楚人的文化传统没有普遍地改变。%The Luopogang Cemetery is a late Warring States Period clan burial ground left over by Chu State survivors of lowest aristoc- racy. The tomb owners include at least members of nine families that can be attributed to two or more sub-clans. There are couples' , brothers' and father-and-sons' double- or single-pit joint burials. In the cemetery, graves of lowest aristocracy coexist with those of common clansmen, and the upper social stratum enjoying the funeral object combination centering on the ding tripod coexist with the common people qualified to be buried with li tripods and other more humble grave goods only. The strong military flavor of the cemetery shows the existence of a basic-level military organization within the clan. The main aspect of the burial ground belongs to the Chu Cuhure, so the Chu common people' s cultural tradition must have not changed everywhere in the region occupied by the Qin State.

  4. 短波信道探测中多普勒频移的计算%Calculation of Doppler shift in HF channel sounding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘月亮; 蒋宇中; 张四起

    2012-01-01

    For the purpose of exact measurement of Doppler shift, based on the pulse compression technique, this paper di the theoretical deduction of the calculation of Doppler shift, in which the signal modulated by Zadoff-Chu sequence was used a the sounding signal and a simplified Watterson model was used as the HF channel. It obtained a calculation formula of Dopple shift, carried out the simulation, of the calculation result of the formula for the case of two paths. The simulation results shoi that the calculation result of the formula is right when the Doppler difference of the two paths is less than ± 0. 3 Hz. On the ba sis of this,made the simulation of Doppler shift* s effect on the pulse compression of Zadoff-Chu sequence. The results shoi that the effect of the Doppler shift which is less than 10 Hz is negligible, which affirms that Zadoff-Chu sequence is an appro priate sequence for HF channel sounding.%为准确获取短波信道探测信号的多普勒频移,把被Zadoff-Chu序列调制的信号作为探测信号,以简化的Watterson模型作为短波信道,采用脉冲压缩技术,对多普勒频移的计算进行了理论推导,得出了一种多普勒频移的计算公式,对两条路径时公式的计算结果进行了仿真.结果表明,在两条路径的多普勒频移相差小于±0.3 Hz时,计算结果较为准确.在此基础上,仿真分析了多普勒频移对Zadoff-Chu序列的脉冲压缩的影响.分析表明,小于10 Hz的多普勒频移对Zadoff-Chu序列的脉冲压缩的影响可以忽略不计,将该序列应用在短波信道探测中比较合适.

  5. Alteração na atividade de peroxidase e concentração de fenóis em microtangerinas (Citrus spp. infectadas por Phytophthora parasitica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ribamar Gusmão Araújo

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The present research aimed to characterize and evaluate species and varieties of small-fruited mandarins of Tanaka’s group (Citrus spp. with potential use as rootstocks, in relation to infection to the Phytophthora parasitica, by means of foliar determination of peroxidase activity and total phenolics content. It was used the following species: C. reshni Hort. ex Tan., C. sunki Hort. ex Tan., C. pectinifera Tan., C. crenatifolia Lush., C. amblycarpa Ochese, C. aurantium L, C. reticulata Blanco and C. limonia Osb. The Center of Citrus Germoplasm of Botucatu and Cordeirópolis provide all plant material. Four resistant varieties to the stem rot and root rot infections: Pectinifera, Crenatifolia, Sun Chu Shu (clone Kat 1004 and Cleopatra (clone 1 were evaluated. Susceptible plants infected by P. parasitica presented higher activity of peroxidase, while phenolics contents were lower in susceptible group.

  6. Determining Foundry Area of Bronze Vessel Using REE in Clay Mould Residues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The composition of casting clay core might provide clue to the foundry area of the bronze vessels. REE analysis of the residual clay mould was conducted by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES). Results reveal that characteristic of REE of clay mould from different region is dissimilar. It is feasible to restrict the possible foundry area of the bronze vessels on the basis of analysis of REE of clay mould residues on the bronzes. Meanwhile, this paper attempts to determine the foundry area of the bronze vessels unearthed at Jiuliandun tombs of Chu State, dated back to Warring States Period, in Zaoyang City, Hubei Province, and at Zuozhong cemetery, Spring and Autumn Period, in Jingmen City, Hubei Province. REE of clay core provides information on the foundry area of bronze vessels.

  7. Rupture prématurée des membranes entre 34 et 35 + 6 SA : étude sur le devenir néonatal en fonction de la prise en charge, déclenchement vs expectative

    OpenAIRE

    Viars, Mélanie

    2013-01-01

    La rupture prématurée des membranes (RPM) avant terme complique 2 à 3% des grossesses. À partir de 34 SA, la prise en charge est controversée : déclencher le travail ou adopter une attitude expectative ? Notre étude, portant sur 55 grossesses ayant présenté une RPM avant terme, réalisée au CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, a pour objectif de comparer l'état néonatal en fonction de la prise en charge, déclenchement versus expectative. La différence entre le taux de détresse respiratoire et le taux d'in...

  8. Novel Electrically Small Spherical Electric Dipole Antenna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a novel electrically small spherical meander antenna. Horizontal sections of the meander are composed of wire loops, radii of which are chosen so that the whole structure is conformal to a sphere of radius a. To form the meander the loops are connected by wires at a meridian...... plane. The antenna operates as an electric dipole, i.e. it radiates the TM10 spherical mode. The antenna is self-resonant and can be matched to a wide range of input feed lines without an external matching network. In this paper, a spherical meander antenna of the size ka = 0.27 and the input impedance...... of 72 ohms is numerically investigated and its performance is compared to that of the multiarm spherical helix antenna of the same size. Both antennas yield equal quality factors, which are about 1.5 times the Chu lower bound, but quite different cross-polarization characteristics....

  9. A mathematical model of turbulent drag reduction by high-molecular-weight polymeric additives in a shear flow

    CERN Document Server

    Barenblatt, Grigory Isaakovich

    2008-01-01

    Drag reduction, or, what is the same, mean velocity increase in a turbulent flow at a fixed pressure drop through the addition of tiny amounts (several parts per million) of high molecular weight polymers (Thoms effect), is known already for more than sixty years. Rather long ago it was understood that this effect is related to supramolecular structures formed in the flow. Recent experiments by S. Chu, E.S.G. Shaqfeh and their associates, where the motion of supramolecular structures was directly observed, made it possible to understand and quantify the dynamic interaction of the polymeric structures with the solvent (water) flow. These results lead to the construction of a mathematical model of the Thoms effect, based on the Kolmogorov(1942)-Prandtl(1945) semi-empirical theory of shear flow turbulence.

  10. Efficient Heuristic Based on Clustering Approach for OLSR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Choukri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the dynamic nature of mobile ad hoc network (MANET, the quality of service (QoS requires several improvements. The present papercomeswithin the framework of research to optimize QoS in MANET. In this paper, we propose a novel version of OLSR based on the clustering approach which is inspired from Lin and Chu heuristic and adapted to beimplemented inOLSR. We studied its stability and we compared its performances to those of standard OLSR. The metrics we used in evaluating network performances were average end-to-end delay, control routing overhead, and packet delivery ratio. Experimental results show that our alternative significantly reduces the traffic reserved to monitoring the network, which positively influences other performances such as throughput, delay, and loss.

  11. Transverse Matching Techniques for the SNS Linac

    CERN Document Server

    Jeon Dong Oh; Danilov, Viatcheslav V

    2005-01-01

    It is crucial to minimize beam loss and machine activation by obtaining optimal transverse matching for a high-intensity linear accelerator such as the Spallation Neutron Source linac. For matching the Drift Tube Linac (DTL) to Coupled Cavity Linac (CCL), there are four wire-scanners installed in series in CCL module 1 as proposed by the author.* A series of measurements was conducted to minimize envelope breathing and the results are presented here. As an independent approach, Chu et al is developing an application based on another technique by estimating rms emittance using the wire scanner profile data.** For matching the Medium Energy Beam Transport Line to the DTL, a technique of minimizing rms emittance was used and emittance data show that tail is minimized as well.

  12. Contribution of double-labelling scintigraphy to the diagnosis of pancreas tumours

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general discussion on the pancreas is followed by an attempt to show the progress made in pancreatic scintigraphy, with regard firstly to the improvement of equipment and secondly to the discovery of a still imperfect indicator, 75Se-selenomethionine, the biological behavior, toxicity and dosimetry of which are studied. The 'research material' is then described, together with the working procedure as adopted by the CHU and the Paul Papin Centre. The results examined only concern observations for which a scintigraphic and anatomic comparison or failing this at least a reliable dignosis is available. Besides observations of cancers and false cysts of the pancreas some others are kept because they help to explain certain difficulties of interpretation of pancreatic scintigraphy. The discussion falls into several parts: - Different criteria for the interpretation of scintigraphs; - Diagnostic contribution of scintigraphy; - Exact place of this method in the positive diagnosis of pancreas cancers, then false cysts, by comparison with other means of investigation

  13. Overview of guidelines for the prevention and treatment of venous leg ulcers: a US perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    White-Chu EF

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available E Foy White-Chu,1 Teresa A Conner-Kerr2 1Oregon Health and Science University, Portland VA Medical Center, Portland, OR, 2Winston-Salem State University, Department of Physical Therapy, Winston Salem, NC, USA Abstract: Comprehensive care of chronic venous insufficiency and associated ulcers requires a multipronged and interprofessional approach to care. A comprehensive treatment approach includes exercise, nutritional assessment, compression therapy, vascular reconstruction, and advanced treatment modalities. National guidelines, meta-analyses, and original research studies provide evidence for the inclusion of these approaches in the patient plan of care. The purpose of this paper is to review present guidelines for prevention and treatment of venous leg ulcers as followed in the US. The paper further explores evidence-based yet pragmatic tools for the interprofessional team to use in the management of this complex disorder. Keywords: venous insufficiency, varicose ulcer, wound, compression bandages

  14. [Taxonomic status of the Burana virus (BURV) (Bunyaviridae, Nairovirus, Tamdy group) isolated from the ticks Haemaphysalis punctata Canestrini et Fanzago, 1877 and Haem. concinna Koch, 1844 (Ixodidae, Haemaphysalinae) in Kyrgyzstan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    L'vov, D K; Al'khovskiĭ, S V; Shchelkanov, M Iu; Shchetinin, A M; Deriabin, P G; Gitel'man, A K; Aristova, V A; Botikov, A G

    2014-01-01

    Complete genome sequence of the Burana virus (BURV) was determined using the next-generation sequencing approach (ID GenBank KF801651). The prototype strain of BURV LEIV-Krg760 was originally isolated from the ticks Haemaphysalis punctata Canestrini et Fanzago, 1877 (Ixodidae, Haemaphysalinae), collected from cows in Tokmak wildlife sanctuary, eastern part of the Chu valley (43 degrees 10' N, 74 degrees 40' E) near Burana village, Kirgizia, in April 1971. Molecular genetics and phylogenetic analyses showed that the BURV belonged to the Nairovirus genus, Bunyaviridae and is related to Tamdy virus (TAMV) that is also associated with the ixodidae ticks of pasture biocenosis in Central Asia. Previous studies showed that TAMV is the prototypic virus of new phylogenetic Tamdy group in the Nairovirus genus. Thus, BURV was classified as a new virus of the Tamdy group, Nairovirus, Bunyaviridae. PMID:25549462

  15. Managing medical treatment waste and effluent: the point of view of a nuclear medicine practitioner; Gestion des dechets et effluents issus de traitements medicaux: le point de vue d'un praticien de medecine nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karcher, G. [Chef du Service de medecine nucleaire de l' Hopital d' adultes de Brabois - CHU, 54 - Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) (France)

    2011-02-15

    The nuclear medicine department of the Nancy CHU hospital is one of the largest in France: 16.000 patients are welcomed each year and 4.000 persons undergo a tomography there. 5 shielded and isolated rooms, dedicated to Iodine{sup 131} treatment, allow the care of 150 to 200 patients each year. The head of the nuclear medicine department gives his meaning about the new regulation on the management of radioactive effluents. According to him, regulations are necessary but the values of the imposed thresholds have to be scientifically justified. Another point is that a lot of money is spent on radiation protection issues while the radioactive risks are almost null, which leads to wasting money. The elaboration of the radioprotection regulations must be made not as a whole but on a specific basis according to the domain: nuclear power plants, research reactors or nuclear medicine, it applies. (A.C.)

  16. Reduction of PAPR and Efficient detection ordering scheme for MIMO Transmission Systems Using Power Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Sreevani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The technical challenges for communication engineers is the development of best performance wireless networks with negligible amount of distortions. We have to consider multipath propagation attenuation and radio spectrum inefficiency. Now a days, In MIMO (Multi Input Multi Output systems there is a huge demand for the networks with the high transmission rates and better quality of service which are having low PAPR ratio. Instead of OFDMA, filter banks are used in massive MIMO to reduce the complexity. But they are error prone to noise. This base paper discusses about PAPR reduction in MIMO systems using different precoding based OFDM systems. Mainly, minimization of multi-antenna systems by controlling the transmission power and reduction of PAPR using ZC (Zadoff-Chu matrix transform.

  17. The point-source method for 3D reconstructions for the Helmholtz and Maxwell equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Hassen, M. F.; Erhard, K.; Potthast, R.

    2006-02-01

    We use the point-source method (PSM) to reconstruct a scattered field from its associated far field pattern. The reconstruction scheme is described and numerical results are presented for three-dimensional acoustic and electromagnetic scattering problems. We give new proofs of the algorithms, based on the Green and Stratton-Chu formulae, which are more general than with the former use of the reciprocity relation. This allows us to handle the case of limited aperture data and arbitrary incident fields. Both for 3D acoustics and electromagnetics, numerical reconstructions of the field for different settings and with noisy data are shown. For shape reconstruction in acoustics, we develop an appropriate strategy to identify areas with good reconstruction quality and combine different such regions into one joint function. Then, we show how shapes of unknown sound-soft scatterers are found as level curves of the total reconstructed field.

  18. [Hemorrhagic complications of anti-vitamin K].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hajje, A; Calop, N; Bosson, J L; Calop, J; Allenet, B

    2009-03-01

    Adverse events related to oral anticoagulants represent a major public health problem. Hemorrhagic episodes are the most frequent complications and can be life-threatening. A 10 month prospective survey on all cases treated with anti-vitamin K (AVK), and admitted to emergency room of CHU Grenoble, was conducted to identify the hemorrhagic adverse drug events (HADE). The evaluation support was a directive questionnaire and consisted of 3 parts: patient characteristics, patient's medicated treatment and the hemorrhagic event. 216 patients treated with AVK were identified and 68 of them presented a hemorrhagic adverse drug event. 60 patients older than 65 years out of 158, presented HADE (38%); versus 8 patients or = 5, 79% developed HADE versus 16% in the group who had their INR AVK were significant. Concerning missed dose, 48 patients declared taking the missed dose with the next dose or when they remembered: 35% of them developed HADE (p = 0.49).

  19. Clean switch: the case for prison needle and syringe programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Sandra

    2009-12-01

    In Canada and in many other countries, prisons have become incubators for the transmission of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Estimates of HIV and HCV prevalence in Canadian prisons are at least 10 and 20 times, respectively, the reported prevalence in the population as a whole--and prevalence rates have been reported to be significantly higher for people who inject drugs. Although people who inject drugs may inject less frequently while incarcerated, the risks of injection drug use are amplified because of the scarcity of sterile syringes and the sharing of injecting equipment in prison. Making sterile injection equipment available to people in prison is an important response to evidence of the risk of HIV and HCV transmission through sharing syringes to inject drugs. In this article, Sandra Chu explains why the government is obligated under international human rights standards and Canadian correctional and constitutional law to provide prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs). PMID:20225504

  20. 潜江市龙湾遗址群放鹰台第3号台试掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潜江市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    No. 3 platform of Longwan Crowd Ruins at Fangyingtai is one component of Longwan palace crowd ruins of the East Zhou Dynasity. Spring in 1999, Qianjang municipal museum had a trial excavation on it within 100 square metres, and gained something important, we Discovered a yellow soil foundation, some fire soil holes, tiles, Sansui of the East Zhou Dynasty, and two hollows, one square well ruin of the west zhou dynasty, and unearthed a great deal of remains of the East and West Zhou Dynasty .such as li yu jar kettle dou basin urn water-jar copper ben and so on , including living utensils and productive tools. These unearthed remnants and remains have progressive role on discussion of the Longwan palace crowd ruins of the East Zhou Dynasty and the Chu civilization.

  1. 奶粉风力输送的几个问题%Some Questions of Milk Powder Pneumatic Conveying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘殿宇

    2014-01-01

    现代奶粉生产趋于自动化生产。粉从干燥塔出来到粉仓也采用了无污染的风力输送,以粉量为1000kg/h的输送量阐述奶粉风力输送过程中可能出现的一些问题。%The modern milk powder production has the trend of automation. Powder from dry DaChu powder storehouse was used the pollution-free pneumatic conveying with powder quantity throughput of 1000 kg/h. The paper explained some problems that may occur in the process of pneumatic conveying.

  2. Testing the Gravitational Redshift with Atomic Gravimeters?

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Reynaud, Serge; Salomon, Christophe; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

    2011-01-01

    Atom interferometers allow the measurement of the acceleration of freely falling atoms with respect to an experimental platform at rest on Earth's surface. Such experiments have been used to test the universality of free fall by comparing the acceleration of the atoms to that of a classical freely falling object. In a recent paper, M\\"uller, Peters and Chu [Nature {\\bf 463}, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometers also provide a very accurate test of the gravitational redshift (or universality of clock rates). Considering the atom as a clock operating at the Compton frequency associated with the rest mass, they claimed that the interferometer measures the gravitational redshift between the atom-clocks in the two paths of the interferometer at different values of gravitational potentials. In the present paper we analyze this claim in the frame of general relativity and of different alternative theories, and conclude that the interpretation of atom interferometers as testing the gravitational redshift ...

  3. Kinetic-energy-momentum tensor in electrodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheppard, Cheyenne J.; Kemp, Brandon A.

    2016-01-01

    We show that the Einstein-Laub formulation of electrodynamics is invalid since it yields a stress-energy-momentum (SEM) tensor that is not frame invariant. Two leading hypotheses for the kinetic formulation of electrodynamics (Chu and Einstein-Laub) are studied by use of the relativistic principle of virtual power, mathematical modeling, Lagrangian methods, and SEM transformations. The relativistic principle of virtual power is used to demonstrate the field dynamics associated with energy relations within a relativistic framework. Lorentz transformations of the respective SEM tensors demonstrate the relativistic frameworks for each studied formulation. Mathematical modeling of stationary and moving media is used to illustrate the differences and discrepancies of specific proposed kinetic formulations, where energy relations and conservation theorems are employed. Lagrangian methods are utilized to derive the field kinetic Maxwell's equations, which are studied with respect to SEM tensor transforms. Within each analysis, the Einstein-Laub formulation violates special relativity, which invalidates the Einstein-Laub SEM tensor.

  4. Big data in pharmacy practice: current use, challenges, and the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma C

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Carolyn Ma, Helen Wong Smith, Cherie Chu, Deborah T JuarezDepartment of Pharmacy Practice, The Daniel K Inouye College of Pharmacy, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI, USAAbstract: Pharmacy informatics is defined as the use and integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the medication-use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes. The term “big data” has been coined and is often defined in three V's: volume, velocity, and variety. This paper describes three major areas in which pharmacy utilizes big data, including: 1 informed decision making (clinical pathways and clinical practice guidelines; 2 improved care delivery in health care settings such as hospitals and community pharmacy practice settings; and 3 quality performance measurement for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid and medication management activities such as tracking medication adherence and medication reconciliation.Keywords: clinical pharmacy data base, pharmacy informatics, patient outcomes

  5. The Quasi-Static Electromagnetic Approximation for Weakly Conducting Media

    CERN Document Server

    Heubrandtner, T

    2002-01-01

    In a conducting dielectric charge and electric field decay with a time constant tau_R = \\varepsilon/\\sigma. In a weakly conducting medium, as e.g. glass or melamine-phenolic laminate in use in RPC's, this time is about 10^{-3} s; so it is long as compared to the time the charge cloud needs to move through the gap and to the time the signal needs to propagate through a dielectric to the electrode. A quasi-static theory to deal with transient phenomena in weakly conducting media has been developed in Haus and Melcher (1989), Fano, Chu and Adler (1963); it simplifies the analysis considerably since it requires only the solution of a scalar diffusion-type equations in place of the time-dependent Maxwell equations. This little known theory is applied to treat the generation of signals in simple models for chambers with such materials.

  6. Traitement chirurgical des fractures articulaires du calcanéum par plaque vissée

    OpenAIRE

    Hammou, Nassreddine; Abid, Hatim; Shimi, Mohammed; El Ibrahimi, Abdelhalim; El Mrini, Abdelmajid

    2015-01-01

    Les fractures du calcanéum sont peu fréquentes mais le plus souvent graves. Le traitement chirurgical par plaque vissée est ardemment défendu. L'objectif de notre travail rétrospectif est d’évaluer les résultats du traitement chirurgical des fractures articulaires du calcanéum à travers une série de 12 patients opérée aux service d'orthopédie du CHU Hassan II de Fès sur une durée de 3 ans, et les comparer aux données de la littérature. L’âge moyen dans notre série était de 34 ans, le geste op...

  7. An investigation into the Gustafsson limit for small planar antennas using optimisation

    CERN Document Server

    Shahpari, Morteza; Lewis, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    The fundamental limit for small antennas provides a guide to the effectiveness of designs. Gustafsson et al, Yaghjian et al, and Mohammadpour-Aghdam et al independently deduced a variation of the Chu-Harrington limit for planar antennas in different forms. Using a multi-parameter optimisation technique based on the ant colony algorithm, planar, meander dipole antenna designs were selected on the basis of lowest resonant frequency and maximum radiation efficiency. The optimal antenna designs across the spectrum from 570 to 1750 MHz occupying an area of $56mm \\times 25mm$ were compared with these limits calculated using the polarizability tensor. The results were compared with Sievenpiper's comparison of published planar antenna properties. The optimised antennas have greater than 90% polarizability compared to the containing conductive box in the range $0.3

  8. Robust Threshold Guillou-Quisquater Signature Scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hong; ZHANG Zhen-feng; FENG Deng-guo

    2005-01-01

    The deficiencies of the first threshold GuillouQuisquater signature scheme presented by Li-San Liu, ChengKang Chu and Wen-Guey Tzeng are analysised at first, and then a new threshold Guillou-Quisquater signature scheme is presented. The new scheme is unforgeable and robust against any adaptive adversary if the base Guillou-Quisquater signature scheme is unforgeable under the chosen message attack and computing the discrete logarithm modulo a prime is hard.This scheme can also achieve optimal resilience. However,the new scheme does not need the assumption that N is the product of two safe primes. The basic signature scheme underlying the new scheme is exactly Guillou-Quisquater signature scheme, and the additional strong computation assumption introduced by the first threshold Guillou-Quisquater scheme is weaken.

  9. Translation operator for finite dmensional electromagnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howard, A.Q. Jr.

    1981-04-01

    Computation of electromagnetic fields in particular applications is usually accompanied by the adhoc assumption that the field contains a finite number of degrees of freedom. Herein, this assumption is made at the outset. It is shown that if an annular region between two closed surfaces contains no sources or sinks and is isotropic, lossless and homogeneous, a unique translation operator can be defined algebraically. Conservation of energy defines the translation operator T to within an arbitrary unitary transformation. The conditions of causality, unitarity and energy conservation are shown to uniquely determine T. Both scalar and vector fields are treated. In both of these cases, frequency and time domain transforms are computed. The transform T is compared with the analagous one as derived from the time domain Stratton-Chu Formulation. The application to a radiation condition boundary constraint on finite difference and finite element computations is discussed.

  10. 战国文字中的盐字及相关问题研究%A Study of the Character "Yan 盐" in Warring States Period Writing and Related Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平安

    2004-01-01

    Based on systematically-collected data related to the character “yan 盐” in the writing of the Warring States period, the present paper makes the paleographic argument that the character“ ”in the inscriptions of Chu State slips from Baoshan is just “盐”. This is a character with associative compounds. It is made up of “lu卤” and “min 皿”, meaning making salt by boiling salty water. The exact identification of this character will much contribute to the understanding of the characters for “salt” in other writings of ancient China. The seal “ Xi (Xi) Yan Zhi Xi (徙)盐之玺”, i.e. “Seal of Salt Circulation”, was an official seal used in the course of salt circulation for the purpose to ensure regular salt trade and effective taxation and to avoid the repetition of tax levy.

  11. P-Loop Oscillator on Clifford Manifolds and Black Hole Entropy

    CERN Document Server

    Castro, C; Castro, Carlos; Granik, Alex

    2000-01-01

    A new relativity theory, or more concretely an extended relativity theory, actively developed by one of the authors incorporated 3 basic concepts. They are the old Chu's idea about bootstarpping, Nottale's scale relativity, and enlargement of the conventional time-space by inclusion of noncommutative Clifford manifolds where all p-branes are treated on equal footing. The latter allowed one to write a master action functional. The resulting functional equation is simplified and applied to the p-loop oscillator. Its respective solution is a generalization of the conventional point oscillator. In addition , it exhibits some novel features: an emergence of two explicit scales delineating the asymptotic regimes (Planck scale region and a smooth region of a conventional point oscillator). In the most interesting Planck scale regime, the solution reproduces in an elementary fashion the basic relations of string theory (including string tension quantization). In addition, it is shown that comparing the massive (super...

  12. Letter of Appreciation to 2004 Journal of Optical Networking Reviewers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-02-01

    The international scientific and engineering professions rely on the work of countless reviewers to ensure the quality of the research published in technical journals. Like all such journals, JON benefits from the tireless efforts of these volunteers. Below is a list of 2004 JON reviewers who have agreed to have their names published. We sincerely thank these reviewers, as well as those not listed, for their assistance to JON and praise them for their dedication to their profession. The system simply would not work without them. Charalambos Anastassiou Ivan Andonovic Nirwan Ansari Chris Bintjas Martin Birk Zoran Bojkovic Xiren Cao Yang Cao Calvin C.K. Chan Yongmao Chang Yang Chen Kwok-Wai Cheung Nim-Kwan Cheung Su Fong Chien Wilson Chu Yun Chung Tibor Cinkler Ignacio de Miguel Jiun S. Deng Jitender Deogun H.J.S. Dorren Mark Feuer Samrat Ganguly

  13. Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Q

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Wu Q, Chu M. Self-illuminating quantum dots for highly sensitive in vivo real-time luminescent mapping of sentinel lymph nodes. Int J Nanomedicine. 2012;7:3433–3443.The following sentence on page 3433 was incorrect in the published paper:"Here, we report on the first use of self-illuminating QDs for mouse axillary SLN mapping by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, which was found to overcome these limitations."The correct sentence should read:"Here, we report on the use of self-illuminating 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped CdTe/CdS QDs for mouse axillary SLN mapping by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, which was found to overcome these limitations."Read the original article

  14. Características físico-químicas da carcaça e da carne de novilhas submetidas ao anestro cirúrgico ou mecânico terminadas em confinamento Carcass and meat traits of feedlot finished heifers submitted to surgical or mechanical anoestrous

    OpenAIRE

    Jair de Araújo Marques; Ivanor Nunes do Prado; José Luiz Moletta; Ivor Martin do Prado; Juliana Martin do Prado; Lívia Maria Araújo Macedo; Nilson Evelázio de Souza; Makoto Matsushita

    2006-01-01

    Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o efeito da simulação da prenhez (introdução de 100 esferas de chumbo no útero - CHU) e da ovariectomia (retirada dos ovários - OVA) sobre as características físico-químicas da carcaça e da carne de novilhas. Foram utilizadas 19 novilhas mestiças (½ Nelore x ½ Red Angus), com 18 meses de idade e peso médio inicial de 257,8 kg, terminadas em confinamento recebendo uma dieta à base de silagem de milho (41%) e farelo de soja e milho (59%). O p...

  15. Prof.Yu Weichao's Life%俞伟超先生生平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国国家博物馆

    2004-01-01

    Prof. Yu Weichao, a famous archaeologist and the former Director of the Museum of Chinese History, passed away on December 5, 2003, at the age of 70, from an incurable disease. As a master of great learning and integrity of our time, Prof. Yu not only cultivated for our country a great amount of talent specialized personnel in archaeology, but also carried out researches as the main pioneer of Qin-Han archaeology. In the archaeology of the Neolithic Age and studies of the Chu culture, he also obtained authoritative research accomplishments. Prof. Yu fought all his life for the cause of Chinese archaeology and museology. His unfortunate passing away is a great loss for the cause of archaeology.

  16. Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlmutter, Saul

    2012-01-13

    The Department of Energy (DOE) hosted an event Friday, January 13, with 2011 Physics Nobel Laureate Saul Perlmutter. Dr. Perlmutter, a physicist at the Department’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California at Berkeley, won the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics “for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.” DOE’s Office of Science has supported Dr. Perlmutter’s research at Berkeley Lab since 1983. After the introduction from Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, Dr. Perlmutter delivered a presentation entitled "Supernovae, Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe: How DOE Helped to Win (yet another) Nobel Prize." [Copied with editing from DOE Media Advisory issued January 10th, found at http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-host-event-2011-physics-nobel-laureate-saul-perlmutter

  17. Natural Convection-Radiation from a Vertical Base-Fin Array with Emissivity Determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korada Viswanatha Sharma

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Experiments have been conducted to determine the emissivity for black chrome coated and uncoated aluminum surfaces. The emissivity of the surfaces is estimated considering combined convection radiation heat transfer and observed to be a constant in the range of 60 to 110°C. The combined heat transfer coefficients from black chrome coated vertical base vertical fin array of size 70 x 70 mm consisting of 22 aluminum fins with a fin spacing of 10 mm by natural convection and radiation has been determined at different heat inputs. Theoretical analysis of single fin geometry of constant thickness considering both convection and radiation has been used to predict the temperature distribution and heat flow. The theoretical values of heat flow estimated for a fin array is in good agreement with the experimental observations validating the emissivity of the surface. The experimental data is further validated with the equations of Nusselt presented by Churchill and Chu.

  18. MNSR transient analyses and thermal-hydraulic safety margins for HEU and LEU cores using PARET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal-hydraulic performance characteristics of Miniature Neutron Source Reactors under long-term steady-state and transient conditions are investigated. Safety margins and limiting conditions attained during these events are determined. Modeling extensions are presented that enable the PARET/ANL code to realistically track primary loop heatup, heat exchange to the pool, and heat loss from the pool to air over the pool. Comparisons are made of temperature predictions for HEU and LEU fueled cores under transient conditions. Results are obtained using three different natural convection heat transfer correlations: the original (PARET/ANL version 5), Churchill-Chu, and an experiment- based correlation from the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). The MNSR, either fueled by HEU or by LEU, satisfies the design limits for long-term transient operation. (author)

  19. Robotique et santé

    OpenAIRE

    Laumond, Jean-Paul

    2015-01-01

    Le 7 septembre 2001, le professeur Jacques Marescaux conduit la première opération de téléchirurgie sur une patiente hospitalisée à Strasbourg avec l’aide d’une équipe chirurgicale située à New York. Chartran Théobald, Ambroise Paré pratique la ligature des artères. © RMN / Agence Bulloz Le 15 octobre 2011, une équipe du CHU de Limoges conduite par le Pr Laurent Fourcade réalise une première européenne en chirurgie robotique néo-natale avec l’aide du robot Da Vinci. La société Intuitive Surg...

  20. From superoperator formalism to nonequilibrium Thermo Field Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Y.; Yamanaka, Y.

    2013-04-01

    Emphasizing that the specification of the representation space or the quasiparticle picture is essential in nonequilibrium quantum field system, we have constructed the unique unperturbed representation of the interaction picture in the superoperator formalism. To achieve it, we put the three basic requirements (the existence of the quasiparticle picture at each instant of time, the macroscopic causality and the relaxation to equilibrium). From the resultant representation follows the formulation of nonequilibrium Thermo Field Dynamics (TFD). The two parameters, the number distribution and excitation energy, characterizing the representation, are to be determined by the renormalization condition. While we point out that the diagonalization condition by Chu and Umezawa is inconsistent with the equilibrium theory, we propose a new renormalization condition as a generalization of the on-shell renormalization on the self-energy which derives the quantum transport equation and determines the renormalized excitation energy.

  1. Arborification de Wikip\\'edia et analyse s\\'emantique explicite stratifi\\'ee - Wikipedia Arborification and Stratified Explicit Semantic Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Haralambous, Yannis

    2012-01-01

    We present an extension of the Explicit Semantic Analysis method by Gabrilovich and Markovitch. Using their semantic relatedness measure, we weight the Wikipedia categories graph. Then, we extract a minimal spanning tree, using Chu-Liu-Edmonds' algorithm. We define a notion of stratified tfidf where the stratas, for a given Wikipedia page and a given term, are the classical tfidf and categorical tfidfs of the term in the ancestor categories of the page (ancestors in the sense of the minimal spanning tree). Our method is based on this stratified tfidf, which adds extra weight to terms that "survive" when climbing up the category tree. We evaluate our method by a text classification on the WikiNews corpus: it increases precision by 18%. Finally, we provide hints for future research.

  2. Data for iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis of Brassica napus leaves in response to chlorophyll deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu Chu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The essential pigment chlorophyll (Chl plays important roles in light harvesting and energy transfer during photosynthesis. Here we present the data from a comparative proteomic analysis of chlorophyll-deficient Brassica napus mutant cde1 and its corresponding wild-type using the iTRAQ approach (Pu Chu et al., 2014 [1]. The distribution of length and number of peptides, mass and sequence coverage of proteins identified was calculated, and the repeatability of the replicates was analyzed. A total of 443 differentially expressed proteins were identified in B. napus leaves, including 228 down-accumulated proteins mainly involved in photosynthesis, porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, carbon fixation and 215 up-accumulated proteins that enriched in the spliceosome, mRNA surveillance and RNA degradation.

  3. Epilepsia partialis continua present with shoulder joint-trunk-hip joint rhythmic clonic seizure: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lv YD

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Yudan Lv, Zan Wang, Fengna Chu, Chang Liu, Hongmei Meng Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, ChangChun, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC is a particular type of epilepsy which is distinguished from “common epilepsy” by its characteristic semiological features. However, unusual manifestations should be described in order to give awareness at clinical diagnosis. In this case report we describe a rare EPC case not previously reported, in which left shoulder joint-trunk-hip joint jerk was present for 1 week. Abnormal electroencephalogram and cerebrospinal fluid results supported a diagnosis of viral encephalitis. Antiepileptic treatment seemed effective. Our report emphasizes that a detailed functional anatomical analysis and synchronized electroencephalogram discharge should be done to avoid misdiagnosis in patients with synchronic shoulder-trunk-hip jerk symptoms. Keywords: EPC, shoulder-trunk-hip, EEG, clonic seizure, virus encephalitis

  4. Atom Interferometers and the Gravitational Redshift

    CERN Document Server

    Sinha, Supurna

    2011-01-01

    Muller, Peters and Chu (MPC) claim that a reinterpretation of decade old experiments with atom interferometers leads to a sensitive test of the gravitational redshift effect. This claim has been disputed by Wolf et al (WBBRSC), who adduce arguments to show that MPC's claim is incorrect. In this Letter, we distill the arguments offered by WBBRSC to a single fundamental objection: an atom is not a clock ticking at the Compton frequency. We show that atom interferometric experiments conducted to date do not test the gravitational redshift effect. Our analysis is general and focuses on points of principle rather thanon the present state of technology. We then observe that it is in principle possible to use atom lasers to produce sensitive tests of the red shift effect at the Compton frequency. Such tests may become technologically realisable in the future.

  5. Geochemical indicators of gases formed under rigid thermobaric conditions in connection with problems of their classification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nesmelova, Z.N.; Gemp, S.D.

    1981-01-01

    Using the example of gases from deposits of the Chu-Sarysui basin in Kazakhstan we show the effect of rigid thermobaric conditions on the formation of the isotope composition of carbon in methane, which is characterized by par. deltaC /sup 13/ ranging from -2.01 to -3.4 parts per thousand. Methane richest in the heavy carbon isotope C /sup 13/ associates with nitrogen gas and is characterized by an isotope composition of the carbon of ethane close to ionversion composition. The noted features of component and isotope composition of the gas can evidently be explained by their connection with rocks containing dispersed organic matter and subjected to deep metamorphism. The material presented permits us to classify methane formed under rigid thermobaric conditions according to isotope characteristics and its association with nitrogen. The results of the studies provide a basis for predicting the composition of gases at great depths.

  6. Velocidade de emergência e crescimento inicial de cultivares de arroz irrigado influenciando a competitividade com as plantas daninhas Emergence and early growth of flooded rice cultivars influencing the competitive ability with weeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Balbinot Jr.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de cultivares de arroz com elevada habilidade competitiva constitui-se numa alternativa para minimizar os efeitos adversos das plantas daninhas sobre a produção das culturas; assim, a rapidez de emergência e a de crescimento inicial são características fisiológicas desejáveis, que aceleram a ocupação do espaço e a utilização dos recursos do meio por um cultivar, reduzindo dessa forma os efeitos competitivos das plantas daninhas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi de investigar variações nas velocidades de emergência e de crescimento inicial de plantas de diferentes cultivares de arroz irrigado. Para isso, foram conduzidos dois experimentos em vasos durante o verão de 1999/2000. Os cultivares avaliados foram: Bluebelle, BR IRGA 410, BRS Chuí, BRS Ligerinho, BRS Taim, CICA 8, EEA 406, El Paso L 144, EPAGRI 108, IAS 12-9 Formosa, IR 841, IRGA 417, IRGA 418, IRGA 421 e XL 6. Avaliou-se a velocidade de emergência até os 10 dias após a semeadura (DAS. A velocidade de crescimento inicial foi caracterizada pelas variáveis área foliar, estádio de desenvolvimento, estatura e fitomassa seca da parte aérea e do sistema radicular, determinadas em duas épocas: aos 14 e 24 DAS. Os cultivares Ligeirinho e IR 841 foram os que mais se destacaram quanto à velocidade de emergência; em contrapartida, os cultivares Formosa e XL 6 demonstraram lenta emergência. Considerando conjuntamente as quatro variáveis relativas ao crescimento inicial de plantas, os cultivares de maior destaque para crescimento inicial mais rápido na primeira avaliação (14 DAS foram Ligeirinho, El Paso e IRGA 418, enquanto Formosa, Bluebelle e XL 6 foram os de menor crescimento. Na segunda determinação (24 DAS, posicionaram-se em destaque Chuí, El Paso e Ligeirinho, enquanto IR 841 e Formosa apresentaram os piores desempenhos em variáveis de crescimento inicial.The use of rice cultivars with high competitive ability can be a good alternative to

  7. Escape tectonism in the Gulf of Thailand: Paleogene left-lateral pull-apart rifting in the Vietnamese part of the Malay Basin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fyhn, Michael B.W.; Boldreel, Lars Ole; Nielsen, Lars H

    2010-01-01

    The Malay Basin represents one of the largest rift basins of SE Asia. Based on a comprehensive 2-D seismic database tied to wells covering mainly Vietnamese acreage, the evolution of the Vietnamese part of the basin is outlined and a new tectonic model is proposed for the development of the basin....... The Vietnamese part of the Malay Basin comprises a large and deep Paleogene pull-apart basin formed through Middle or Late Eocene to Oligocene left-lateral strike-slip along NNW-trending fault zones. The Tho Chu Fault Zone constitutes a significant Paleogene left-lateral strike-slip zone most likely associated...... with SE Asian extrusion tectonism. The fault zone outlines a deep rift that widens to the south and connects with the main Malay Basin. In the central northern part of the basin, a series of intra-basinal left-lateral fracture zones are interconnected by NW to WNW-trending extensional faults and worked...

  8. The role of EGFR-targeting strategies in the treatment of head and neck cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dequanter D

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Didier Dequanter, Mohammad Shahla, Pascal Paulus, Philippe H LothaireDepartment of Surgery, CHU Charleroi (Hopital Andre Vésale, Montigny le Tilleul, BelgiumAbstract: With its targeted mechanism of action and synergistic activity with current treatment modalities, cetuximab is a potentially valuable treatment option for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell cancer of the head and neck who have progressed on cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The use of cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy as definitive treatment for locoregionally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck is generally restricted to patients unfit to receive cisplatin-based chemoradiation, which is still considered the standard of care. The effect of this epidermal growth factor receptor antagonist occurs without any change in the pattern and the severity of toxicity usually associated with head and neck radiation.Keywords: cetuximab, SCCHN, radiotherapy

  9. On the evolution of word usage of classical Chinese poetry

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Liang

    2015-01-01

    The hierarchy of classical Chinese poetry has been broadly acknowledged by a number of studies in Chinese literature. However, quantitative investigations about the evolution of classical Chinese poetry are limited. The primary goal of this study is to provide quantitative evidence of the evolutionary linkages, with emphasis on word usage, among different period genres for classical Chinese poetry. Specifically, various statistical analyses were performed to find and compare the patterns of word usage in the poems of nine period genres, including shi jing, chu ci, Han shi , Jin shi, Tang shi, Song shi, Yuan shi, Ming shi, and Qing shi. The result of analysis indicates that each of nine period genres has unique patterns of word usage, with some Chinese characters being preferably used by the poems of a particular period genre. The analysis on the general pattern of word preference implies a decreasing trend in the use of ancient Chinese characters along the timeline of dynastic types of classical Chinese poetr...

  10. Caracterização isoenzimática de genótipos de arroz Isoenzymatic characterization of rice genotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Bonow

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, caracterizar isoenzimaticamente genótipos de arroz (Oryza sativa L.. A produtividade do arroz irrigado no Rio Grande do Sul é elevada, em virtude da alta tecnologia e sistema de irrigação usados, associados ao potencial alcançado pelas cultivares desenvolvidas através de melhoramento genético. Apenas seis ancestrais contribuem com 86% dos genes das cultivares mais plantadas. Como conseqüência desta estreita base genética, as cultivares apresentam um alto grau de parentesco e de similaridade de suas características morfológicas e agronômicas, o que dificulta a identificação varietal. A concorrência com genótipos, como arroz-vermelho e arroz-preto, de difícil controle por serem da mesma espécie que os cultivados, é considerada como um dos maiores problemas da cultura. Análises de isoenzimas podem ser usadas para o estudo da variabilidade e para estimar as relações genéticas existentes entre estes genótipos. Eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida foi empregada, portanto, para caracterizar, através de isoenzimas de esterase, 6fosfogluconato desidrogenase, fosfoglucoisomerase e isocitrato desidrogenase em sementes e folhas de plântulas, e de fosfatase ácida e aspartato transaminase em folhas de plântulas, as cultivares BR-IRGA 409, BR-IRGA 410, BRS 6 ('Chuí', BRS 7 ('Taim', BRS Agrisul, INIA Taquari, El Paso L 144 e IRGA 417, e ecótipos de arroz-vermelho e arroz-preto. A análise de agrupamento, efetuada por meio do coeficiente de Jaccard e pelo método da média aritmética não ponderada (UPGMA, possibilitou a diferenciação de todos os genótipos, à exceção de BRS 6 ('Chuí' e BRS 7 ('Taim'. Três grupos foram identificados, incluindo-se, em um deles, os ecótipos de arroz-vermelho e arroz-preto, que apresentaram 95% de similaridade.The objective of this work was to characterize isoenzymaticly rice (Oryza sativa L. genotypes. Rice yields obtained in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, are high

  11. The Transition of Cultural Ecology in Beidong District of Guizhou–A Case Study of Tianzhu Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing; ZHAO; Baoling; DONG; Yingzi; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Beidong minorities living together in Qingshui River valley are deeply influenced by Jing and Chu culture. Their ethnic and traditional culture was developed in the process of collision with foreign culture. In the several great social transformations,their cultural ecology was not imbalanced,but evolved and developed. Through the study on local knowledge of cultural ecology including agricultural production,ancestral hall and local- style dwelling house,full- scale drama and Yang Drama,genealogical system,marriage customs,religious belief,sacrificial rites and funeral rites,it is expected to reveal reasons and rules of transition of Beidong ethnic culture,favorable for correctly understanding cultural connotation and promote cultural and tourism development in ethnic minority areas.

  12. To a Living Archive of Korean Modern Education:A Conservation Project of Appenzeller/ Noble Memorial Museum%韩国现代教育史的发源地:Appenzeler博物馆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jong Kun Kim; 王青

    2010-01-01

    @@ 培材学堂是美国传教士创办的韩国第一个新式西方体系的学校,Kim So-wǒl(1902-1934)、Na Tohyang(1902-1927)、Syngman Rhee(1875-1965)和Chu Si-gyǒng(1876-1914)就是20世纪少数几个毕业于培材学堂的韩国优秀人才.接下来我们就开始介绍这个有重大历史和文化意义的保护工程--培材学堂,它是韩国现代教育机构的先声.

  13. [Self-help program: a new tool to facilitate the access to treatment for problem gamblers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeremans, M; Noël, X; Verbanck, P

    2015-01-01

    Shame, fear of stigmatization, denial, accessibility to and the cost of treatment program may explain why only a small proportion of problem gamblers sought clinical treatment. In the hope to overcome these barriers, the Gambling Clinic and Other Behavioral Addictions of C.H.U. Brugmann (Brussels) has developed its own self-help program for excessive gamblers. Our goals were to foster readiness to change gambling behaviors and when appropriate to facilitate the transition from self-help program to classical face-to-face clinical intervention. In a sample of 172 problem gamblers who participated, 40% had never sought help (e.g., clinical treatment) and/or never attempted quit gambling. Interestingly, for some, internet-based self-help treatment preceded their determination for seeking a traditional face-to-face therapeutic setting. Those results led us to discuss this program as a valid clinical tool within a broader health care setting in excessive gamblers. PMID:26164965

  14. Protons energy loss for laser fusion driven ion acceleration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. The anomalous generation of plasma blocks by interaction of petawatt-picosecond laser pulses permits side-on ignition of uncompressed solid fusion fuel following an improved application of the hydrodynamic Chu-model for deuterium-tritium. The new possibility of side-on laser ignition depends on accelerated ions and produced ions beams of high energy particles by the nonlinear ponderomotive force of the laser pulse in the plasma block, a re-evolution of the early hydrodynamic analysis for ignition of inertial fusion by including inhibition factor, collective effect of stopping power of alpha particles and the energy loss rate reabsorb to plasma by the protons of plasma block being reduced by about a factor 40.

  15. Interpretation of Songyu’s Soul Evocation from the Perspective of Etiquette%宋玉《招魂》的礼制解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天佑

    2015-01-01

    历代以来,学术界对宋玉《招魂》所涉之魂主身份、招魂动机等争议颇多。从礼制入手考辨,可以认定《招魂》系宋玉为招楚襄王生魂所作诗篇,其起因则是楚国举行大田之礼,在狩猎仪式中,楚襄王不慎受惊,故而招魂。%There have been many disputes on Songyu’s Soul Evocation,including the identity of the soul owner and the motivation of evocation.From the perspective of etiquette,it can be concluded that it was written for evo-cating the soul of King Qingxiang of Chu dynasty,who was frightened in hunting.

  16. Efeitos de dieta e grupos genéticos sobre a composição muscular e o perfil de ácidos graxos em novilhas - DOI: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v25i1.2245

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanor Nunes do Prado; Makoto Matsushita; Jesui Vergílio Visentainer; Fernanda Barros Moreira; Nilson Evelázio de Souza

    2003-01-01

    Foram avaliados os efeitos de quatro dietas experimentais sobre a composição e o perfil de ácidos graxos do músculo Longissimus dorsi de 28 novilhas. As dietas avaliadas foram: i) milho e farelo de soja (Corn); ii) Casca de mandioca e farelo de soja (Chu); iii) farelo de mandioca e farelo de soja (Cme); iv) Raiz de mandioca e farelo de soja (Cro). Os teores de umidade, cinzas, proteína e gordura variaram de 73,95% a 76,26%, 0,97% a 1,10%, 21,37% a 23,90% e 0,75% a 1,28%, respectivamente. Ácid...

  17. Minimum Q Electrically Small Spherical Magnetic Dipole Antenna - Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2009-01-01

    Practical aspects of applying a magnetic core to approach the Chu lower bound for the radiation Q factor of an electrically small magnetic dipole antenna are considered. It is shown that although a magnetic core does reduce the Q factor, its effect is not as strong as predicted by Wheeler. This is...... due to the fact that a finite size magnetic core supports multiple internal resonances, which spoil the Q factor also away from exact resonance frequencies; and in a worst case they can even significantly increase Q. The resonances in question are not only those of the TE10 spherical mode, but also...... resonances of all other modes that are not sufficiently suppressed in the antenna. Numerical results for a 4-arm spherical helix antenna filled with magnetic material demonstrate the destroying effect of the parasitic TM11 mode on the antenna Q factor. Theoretical considerations as well as numerical results...

  18. An Algebraic Graphical Model for Decision with Uncertainties, Feasibilities, and Utilities

    CERN Document Server

    Pralet, C; Verfaillie, G; 10.1613/jair.2151

    2011-01-01

    Numerous formalisms and dedicated algorithms have been designed in the last decades to model and solve decision making problems. Some formalisms, such as constraint networks, can express "simple" decision problems, while others are designed to take into account uncertainties, unfeasible decisions, and utilities. Even in a single formalism, several variants are often proposed to model different types of uncertainty (probability, possibility...) or utility (additive or not). In this article, we introduce an algebraic graphical model that encompasses a large number of such formalisms: (1) we first adapt previous structures from Friedman, Chu and Halpern for representing uncertainty, utility, and expected utility in order to deal with generic forms of sequential decision making; (2) on these structures, we then introduce composite graphical models that express information via variables linked by "local" functions, thanks to conditional independence; (3) on these graphical models, we finally define a simple class ...

  19. Functional MRI evidence for language plasticity in adult epileptic patients: Preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilie Cousin

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Emilie Cousin1, Monica Baciu1, Cédric Pichat1, Philippe Kahane2, Jean-François Le Bas31UMR CNRS/UPMF 5105, Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurocognition; 2Laboratoire de Neurophysiopathologie de l’Epilepsie, CHU Grenoble; 3Unité IRM, CHU Grenoble, FranceAbstract: The present fMRI study explores the cerebral reorganisation of language in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, according to the age of seizures onset (early or late and the hippocampal sclerosis (associated or not. Seven right-handed control volunteers and seven preoperative adult epileptic patients performed a rhyme decision (language condition and a visual detection (control condition tasks in visually presented words and unreadable characters, respectively. All patients were left hemisphere dominant for language. Appropriate statistical analyses provided the following preliminary results: (1 patients compared with healthy subjects showed lower degree of hemispheric lateralization with supplementary involvement of the right hemisphere; (2 the degree of hemispheric specialization depends on the considered region; (3 patients with early seizures show signs of temporal and parietal reorganization more frequently than patients with late onset of seizures; (4 patients with early seizures show a tendency for intra-hemispheric frontal reorganisation; (5 associated hippocampal sclerosis facilitates the inter-hemispheric shift of temporal activation. Although our patients were left hemisphere predominant for language, the statistical analyses indicated that the degree of lateralization was significantly lower than in healthy subjects. This result has been considered as the indication of atypical lateralization of language.Keywords: language, fMRI, plasticity, temporal epilepsy, age, hippocampal sclerosis

  20. Ash Content and Calorific Energy of Corn Stover Components in Eastern Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Luc Lizotte

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Corn stover is an abundant agricultural residue that could be used on the farm for heating and crop drying. Ash content and calorific energy of corn grain and six stover components were measured from standing plants during the grain maturing period, between mid-September and mid-November. Ash of stover in standing corn averaged 4.8% in a cool crop heat unit zone (2300–2500 crop heat units (CHU and 7.3% in a warmer zone (2900–3100 CHU. The corn cob had the lowest ash content (average of 2.2% while leaves had the highest content (from 7.7% to 12.6%. In the fall, ash content of mowed and raked stover varied between 5.5% and 11.7%. In the following spring, ash content of stover mowed, raked and baled in May averaged 3.6%. The cob and stalk located below the first ear contained the highest calorific energy with 17.72 MJ·kg−1. Leaves and grain had the lowest energy with an average of 16.99 MJ·kg−1. The stover heat of combustion was estimated at 17.47 MJ·kg−1 in the cool zone and 17.26 MJ·kg−1 in the warm zone. Based on presented results, a partial “cob and husk” harvest system would collect less energy per unit area than total stover harvest (44 vs. 156 GJ·ha−1 and less biomass (2.51 vs. 9.13 t·dry matter (DM·ha−1 but the fuel quality would be considerably higher with a low ash-to-energy ratio (1.45 vs. 4.27 g·MJ−1.

  1. Finite element simulation of arcuates for astigmatism correction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanchares, Elena; Calvo, Begoña; Cristóbal, José A; Doblaré, Manuel

    2008-01-01

    In order to simulate the corneal incisions used to correct astigmatism, a three-dimensional finite element model was generated from a simplified geometry of the anterior half of the ocular globe. A hyperelastic constitutive behavior was assumed for cornea, limbus and sclera, which are collagenous materials with a fiber structure. Due to the preferred orientations of the collagen fibrils, corneal and limbal tissues were considered anisotropic, whereas the sclera was simplified to an isotropic one assuming that fibrils are randomly disposed. The reference configuration, which includes the initial strain distribution that balances the intraocular pressure, is obtained by an iterative process. Then the incisions are simulated. The final positions of the nodes belonging to the incised meridian and to the perpendicular one are fitted by both radii of curvature, which are used to calculate the optical power. The simulated incisions were those specified by Lindstrom's nomogram [Chu, Y., Hardten, D., Lindquist, T., Lindstrom, R., 2005. Astigmatic keratotomy. Duane's Ophthalmology. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia] to achieve 1.5, 2.25, 3.0, 4.5 and 6.0D of astigmatic change, using the next values for the parameters: length of 45 degrees , 60 degrees and 90 degrees , an optical zone of 6mm, single or paired incisions. The model gives results similar to those in Lindstrom's nomogram [Chu et al., 2005] and can be considered a useful tool to plan and simulate refractive surgery by predicting the outcomes of different sorts of incisions and to optimize the values for the parameters involved: depth, length, position. PMID:18177656

  2. Thermochronologic constraints on the Miocene slip history of the South Tibetan detachment system in the Everest region, central Himalaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, M.; Hodges, K. V.; Van Soest, M. C.; Wartho, J. A.

    2014-12-01

    North-dipping, low-angle normal faults of the South Tibetan detachment system (STDS) can be traced for a distance of more than 2000 km along strike and represent an important tectonic characteristic of the Miocene Himalayan-Tibetan orogenic system. Nowhere is the STDS better exposed than the N-S-trending Rongbuk Valley in southern Tibet, where it can be traced down dip from the summit of Everest for a distance of over 30 km before disappearing beneath the valley floor. This places a minimum constraint on Miocene displacement on the feature in this area, but some research groups have suggested ~200 km of displacement based on the difference in metamorphic pressures across the STDS and the very low (sillimanite gneisses and leucogranites. Data obtained thus far indicate relatively rapid cooling of the footwall after the intrusion of deformed leucogranites at ca. 16.7 Ma to muscovite 40Ar/39Ar closure temperatures (ca. 15.5-14.2 Ma) and zircon (U-Th)/He closure temperatures (ca. 14.5-11 Ma). We attribute this cooling to tectonic denudation related to ca. 16 Ma STDS slip. Although the (U-Th)/He systematics of apatites from these rocks is complex, our current interpretation of available data places cooling through the ca. 75˚C closure isotherm at ca. 8-9 Ma, which would suggest a significant reduction in cooling rate that is observed in our inverse model runs of the 1D program, HeFTy. Ongoing analyses of footwall samples from ~8 km to the north of our Rongbuk sample localities in the Ra Chu river valley will greatly strengthen our datasets. With the Ra Chu analyses, our datasets will constrain the cooling history of the footwall for more than 20 km perpendicular to the strike of the detachment. Our presentation will also incorporate results from the program Pecube that will contribute to our calculation of the slip rate by specifying the appropriate exhumation rate.

  3. Daily baseline skin care in the prevention, treatment, and supportive care of skin toxicity in oncology patients: recommendations from a multinational expert panel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bensadoun RJ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available René-Jean Bensadoun,1 Phillipe Humbert,2 Jean Krutman,3 Thomas Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 André Rougier,6 Sophie Seite,6 Brigitte Dreno71Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, 2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; 5Centre of Dermatology, Hertford British Hospital, Levallois-Perret, 6La Roche-Posay Laboratoire Pharmaceutique, Asnières, 7Department of Cancero-Dermatology, Hôtel Dieu, CHU Nantes, FranceAbstract: Skin reactions due to radiotherapy and chemotherapy are a significant problem for an important number of cancer patients. While effective for treating cancer, they disturb cutaneous barrier function, causing a reaction soon after initiation of treatment that impacts patient quality of life. Managing these symptoms with cosmetics and nonpharmaceutical skin care products for camouflage or personal hygiene may be important for increasing patient self-esteem. However, inappropriate product choice or use could worsen side effects. Although recommendations exist for the pharmaceutical treatment of skin reactions, there are no recommendations for the choice or use of dermatologic skin care products for oncology patients. The present guidelines were developed by a board of European experts in dermatology and oncology to provide cancer care professionals with guidance for the appropriate use of non-pharmaceutical, dermocosmetic skin care management of cutaneous toxicities associated with radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy, including epidermal growth factor inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. The experts hope that these recommendations will improve the management of cutaneous side effects and hence quality of life for oncology patients.Keywords: skin care, cosmetic, dermatological toxicity, folliculitis

  4. A low cost tele-imaging platform for developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kokou eADAMBOUNOU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To design a low cost tele-imaging method allowing real time tele-ultrasound expertise, delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis and tele-radiology between remote peripherals hospitals and clinics (patient centres and university hospital centres (expert centre.Materials and Methods: A system of communication via internet (IP camera and remote access software enabling transfer of ultrasound videos and images between two centres, allows a real time tele-radiology expertise in the presence of a junior sonographer or radiologist at the patient centre. In the absence of a sonographer or radiologist at the patient centre, a 3D reconstruction program allows a delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis with images acquired by a lay operator (e.g. midwife, nurse, technician. The system was tested both with high and low bandwidth. The system can further accommodate non-ultrasound tele-radiology (conventional radiography, mammography and computer tomography for example. The system was tested on 50 patients between CHR Tsevie in Togo (40km from Lomé-Togo and 4500km from Tours-France and CHU Campus at Lomé and CHU Trousseau in Tours.Results: A real time tele-expertise was successfully performed with a delay of approximately 1.5 seconds with an internet bandwidth of around 1Mbps (IP Camera and 512kbps (remote access software. A delayed tele-ultrasound diagnosis was also performed with satisfactory results. The transmission of radiological images from the patient centre to the expert centre was of adequate quality. Delayed tele-ultrasound and tele-radiology was possible even in the presence of a low bandwidth internet connection. Conclusion: This tele-imaging method, requiring nothing by readily available and inexpensive technology and equipment, offers a major opportunity for telemedicine in developing countries.

  5. Famílias palestinas no extremo sul do Brasil e na diáspora: experiências identitárias e aduaneiras Palestinian families in the extreme south of Brazil and in the diaspora: experiences of border-crossing and identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Fagundes Jardim

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nos parágrafos a seguir, para refletir sobre temas como a "identidade palestina" ou "a família árabe", tentarei demonstrar, a partir do estudo etnográfico de famílias morando em Chuí, o quanto a identidade territorial tem a ver com aspectos da vida familiar. Entre viagens de retorno (que introduzem jovens "brasileiros" no convívio com primos, tios e tias na Palestina, relações familiares (na diáspora, vínculos travados na cidade de Chuí e outras localidades no Brasil e no exterior, e acontecimentos internacionais recentes -- não será uma única explicação que dará a entender a recriação e a pertinência de uma identidade social calcada no reconhecimento de uma origem e um destino comum.In the following paragraphs, to investigate themes such as "Palestinian identity" or "the Arab family", and drawing on an ethnographic study of families living in Chui, I intend to demonstrate the extent to which territorial identity is intermingled with aspects of family life. Between "return trips" (that introduce young Brazilians to the daily life of cousins, aunts and uncles in Palestine, family relations (in the diaspora, relations forged in the city of Chui and other places in Brazil and abroad, and recent international events - there is no single element that can explain the re-creation and the relevance of a social identity based on the recognition of a common origin and destiny.

  6. Management of traumatic events: influence of emotion-centered coping strategies on the occurrence of dissociation and post-traumatic stress disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Brousse

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Georges Brousse1,2, Benjamin Arnaud1, Jordane Durand Roger1, Julie Geneste1, Delphine Bourguet1, Frederic Zaplana1, Olivier Blanc1, Jeannot Schmidt1,2, Louis Jehel31CHU Clermont Ferrand, Unité Urgences Psychiatriques, 28 place Henri Dunant BP 69, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 01, France; 2Univ Clermont 1, UFR médecine, Clermont-Ferrand, F63001 France; 3Hopital Tenon (CHU APHP 4 rue de la Chine 75020, France, INSERM U669Abstract: Our aim was to assess the influence of the coping strategies employed for the management of traumatic events on the occurrence of dissociation and traumatic disorders. We carried out a 1-year retrospective study of the cognitive management of a traumatic event in 18 subjects involved in the same road vehicle accident. The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD was made for 33.3% of the participants. The participants with a PTSD diagnosis 1 year after the event used emotion-centered strategies during the event more often than did those with no PTSD, P < 0.02. In the year after the traumatic event, our results show a strong link between the intensity of PTSD and the severity of the post-traumatic symptoms like dissociation (P = 0.032 and the use of emotion-centered strategies (P = 0.004. Moreover, the participants who presented Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire scores above 15 made greater use of emotion-centered coping strategies than did those who did not show dissociation, P < 0.04. Our results confirm that the cognitive management of traumatic events may play an essential role in the development of a state of post-traumatic stress in the aftermath of a violent event.Keywords: trauma, coping, emotions, peritraumatic dissociation, post-traumatic stress disorder

  7. O PAPEL DA CONFIABILIDADE NA REDUÇÃO DOS CUSTOS DE TRANSAÇÃO: REFLEXÕES ENTRE BRASIL, ESTADOS UNIDOS, JAPÃO E CORÉIA DO SUL [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20040302011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elio Ferrato

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 RESUMO Dyer e Chu (2003 desenvolveram um estudo empírico a respeito da relação confiabilidade entre montadoras e fornecedores automobilísticos nos Estados Unidos, Japão e Coréia do Sul nos anos de 1993 e 1994.  Baseado nos parâmetros apontados por Dyer e Chu este estudo tem o propósito de analisar a confiabilidade na relação fornecedor-comprador na indústria automobilística brasileira no ano de 2004, estabelecendo certa comparação com aqueles outros países. A confiabilidade nas trocas econômicas tem sido vista por alguns analistas como ativo econômico de valor em razão dos custos de transação (ex ante e ex post inferiores, os quais permitem maior flexibilidade para responder às condições de mercado em constantes mudanças e induzem a um maior compartilhamento de informações, que provoca melhorias na coordenação e estrutura de governança, juntando assim esforços para minimizar as ineficiências, fatos que sustentam duas das hipóteses do estudo.  Uma quarta hipótese que trata de verificar se quanto maior a confiabilidade entre as partes menores são  os custos de transação e melhor performance dos lucros não têm a evidência necessária neste estudo. Baseado nos dados do trabalho de Dyer e Chu, o objeto deste estudo é realizar uma análise qualitativa da relação entre uma montadora estrangeira instalada no Brasil e alguns de seus fornecedores de autopeças. Nas considerações finais deste trabalho  ficam reforçados os argumentos teóricos de que a confiabilidade reduz custos de transação nas relações de troca e incrementa o compartilhamento de informações na relação fornecedor-comprador. Palavras-chave: Confiabilidade; relação fornecedor-comprador; indústria automobilística; custos de transação.     ABSTRACT Dyer & Chu (2003 have developed an empirical study regarding the trustworthiness in the relationship

  8. In-situ study of martensitic transformation and nucleation,propagation of crack in CuNiAl shape memory alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU; Yonghao

    2001-01-01

    [1]Otsuka,K.,Kubo,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Diffuse electron scattering and “streaming” effect,Metall.Trans.A,1981,12:595-605.[2]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Kubo,H.,Diffuse electron scattering in β-phase alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1978,9:1075-1085.[3]Singh,J.,Chen,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Transformation sequence in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy at elevated temperatures,Metall.Trans.A,1986,17:65-72.[4]Sun,Y.S.,Lorimer,G.W.,Ridley,N.,Microstructure and its development in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1990,21:575-588.[5]Miyazaki,S.,Kawai,T.,Otsuka,K.,On the origin of intergranular fracture in β phase shape memory alloys,Scripta Metall.,1982,16:431-436.[6]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Naka,K.et al.,Superelasticity effects and stress-induced martensitic transformations in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1976,24:207-226.[7]Otsuka,K.,Sakamoto,H.,Shimizu,K.,Successive stress-induced martensitic transformations and associated transformation pseudoelasticity in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1979,27:585-600.[8]Shield,T.W.,Orientation dependence of the pseudoelastic behavior of single crystal of Cu-Al-Ni in tension,J.Mech.Phys.Solids,1995,43(6):869-895.[9]Sun,Q.P.,Zhang,X.Y.,Xu,T.,Experimental study of martensitic transformation in single shape memory alloy,Adv.Solids Mech.,1997,7:155-162.[10]Chen,Q.Z.,Chu,W.Y.,Hsiao,C.M.,In-situ TEM observation of nucleation and bluntness of nanocrack in 310 stainless steel,Acta Metall.Mater.,1995,43:4371-4376.[11]Chu,W.Y.,Gao,K.W.,Wang,Y.B.et al.,Nucleating and propagation of nanocrack in dislocation free zone in brittle material,Science in China,Ser.A,1995,38(14):1501-1509.[12]Chen,Q.Z.,Gao,K.W.,Gu,B.et al.,Nucleating,blunting and propagation of A nanocrack in DFZ of thin crystals,Fatigue Frac.Eng.Mater.Stru.,1996,21:1415-1423.[13]Nishiyama,Z.,Stacking faults in the martensite of Cu-Al alloy,Journal of the Physical Society of Japan,1965,20:1192-1121.[14]Lovey,F.C.,Van Tendeloo,G.,Van Landuyt,J.et al.,HREM imaging

  9. Rapid analysis of trace pollutants using laser mass spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI; Jie

    2001-01-01

    [1]Otsuka,K.,Kubo,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Diffuse electron scattering and “streaming” effect,Metall.Trans.A,1981,12:595-605.[2]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Kubo,H.,Diffuse electron scattering in β-phase alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1978,9:1075-1085.[3]Singh,J.,Chen,H.,Wayman,C.M.,Transformation sequence in a Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy at elevated temperatures,Metall.Trans.A,1986,17:65-72.[4]Sun,Y.S.,Lorimer,G.W.,Ridley,N.,Microstructure and its development in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Metall.Trans.A,1990,21:575-588.[5]Miyazaki,S.,Kawai,T.,Otsuka,K.,On the origin of intergranular fracture in β phase shape memory alloys,Scripta Metall.,1982,16:431-436.[6]Otsuka,K.,Wayman,C.M.,Naka,K.et al.,Superelasticity effects and stress-induced martensitic transformations in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1976,24:207-226.[7]Otsuka,K.,Sakamoto,H.,Shimizu,K.,Successive stress-induced martensitic transformations and associated transformation pseudoelasticity in Cu-Al-Ni alloys,Acta Metall.,1979,27:585-600.[8]Shield,T.W.,Orientation dependence of the pseudoelastic behavior of single crystal of Cu-Al-Ni in tension,J.Mech.Phys.Solids,1995,43(6):869-895.[9]Sun,Q.P.,Zhang,X.Y.,Xu,T.,Experimental study of martensitic transformation in single shape memory alloy,Adv.Solids Mech.,1997,7:155-162.[10]Chen,Q.Z.,Chu,W.Y.,Hsiao,C.M.,In-situ TEM observation of nucleation and bluntness of nanocrack in 310 stainless steel,Acta Metall.Mater.,1995,43:4371-4376.[11]Chu,W.Y.,Gao,K.W.,Wang,Y.B.et al.,Nucleating and propagation of nanocrack in dislocation free zone in brittle material,Science in China,Ser.A,1995,38(14):1501-1509.[12]Chen,Q.Z.,Gao,K.W.,Gu,B.et al.,Nucleating,blunting and propagation of A nanocrack in DFZ of thin crystals,Fatigue Frac.Eng.Mater.Stru.,1996,21:1415-1423.[13]Nishiyama,Z.,Stacking faults in the martensite of Cu-Al alloy,Journal of the Physical Society of Japan,1965,20:1192-1121.[14]Lovey,F.C.,Van Tendeloo,G.,Van Landuyt,J.et al.,HREM imaging

  10. Impacts of climate change on glacial water resources and hydrological cycles in the Yangtze River source region,the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,China:A Progress Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The Yangtze River Source Region has an area of 137,704 km2.Its mean annual runoff of 12.52 billion m3,which was recorded by the Chumda Hydrological Station in 1961-2000,accounts for only 0.13 percent of the Yangtze River’s total annual streamflow.The extensive rivers,lakes,wetlands,glaciers,snow fields,and permafrost of the Yangtze River Source Region,as well as the region’s vast alpine grasslands,play a critical role in storing and regulating the flow of water not only in the upper Yangtze River watershed of Qinghai,Sichuan,the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibet) and Yunnan,but also throughout the entire lower Yangtze River basin.Climate change has been the dominant factor in recent fluctuation in the volume of the Yangtze River Source Region’s glacier resources.The Chumda Hydrological Station on the lower Tongtian River has registered a mean annual glacial meltwater of 1.13 billion m3 for the period 1961-2000,makes up 9 percent of the total annual runoff.Glacial meltwater makes up a significant percentage of streamflow in the Yangtze River Source Region,the major rivers of the upper Yangtze River Source Region:the Togto,Dam Chu,Garchu,and Bi Chu (Bu Chu) rivers all originate at large glaciers along the Tanggula Range.Glaciers in the Yangtze River Source Region are typical continental-type glaciers with most glacial meltwater flow occurring June-August;the close correlation between June-August river flows and temperature illustrates the important role of glacial meltwater in feeding rivers.Glaciers in the source region have undergone a long period of rapid ablation beginning in 1993.Examination of flow and temperature data for the 1961-2000 period shows that the annual melting period for glacial ice,snow,and frozen ground in the Yangtze River Source Region now begins earlier because of increasing spring temperatures,resulting in the reduction of summer flood season peak runoffs;meanwhile,increased rates of glacier ablation have resulted in more uneven

  11. Interest of corrective makeup in the management of patients in dermatology

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    Seité S

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available S Seité,1 P Deshayes,2 B Dréno,3 L Misery,4 P Reygagne,5 P Saiag,6 F Stengel,7 AM Roguedas-Contios,4 A Rougier11La Roche-Posay Pharmaceutical Laboratories, Asnières, France; 2Service de Dermatologie, Caen, France; 3Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, France; 4CHU de Brest-Hôpital Morvan, Brest, France; 5Centre Sabouraud, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; 6CHU Ambroise Paré, Boulogne, France; 7Department of Dermatology, Buenos Aires, ArgentinaBackground: Disfiguring dermatoses may have a significant impact on patients’ quality of life, namely on their relationship with others, self image, and self esteem. Some previous studies have suggested that corrective foundation can improve the quality of life (QOL of patients with facial dermatoses; in particular, in patients with acne vulgaris or pigmentary disorders.Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the impact of the skin conditions of patients with various skin diseases affecting their face (scars, acne, rosacea, melasma, vitiligo, hypo or hyperpigmentation, lentigines, etc on their QOL and the improvement afforded by the use of corrective makeup for 1 month after being instructed on how to use it by a medical cosmetician during an initial medical consultation.Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine patients with various skin diseases affecting the patients’ face were investigated. The patients were instructed by a cosmetician on how to use corrective makeup (complexion, eyes, and lips and applied it for 1 month. The safety of the makeup application was evaluated and the QOL was assessed via a questionnaire (DLQI and using a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS completed before the first application and at the final visit. The amelioration of their appearance was documented by standardized photography.Results: No side effects occurred during the course of the study. A comparison of the standardized photographs taken at each visit showed the patients’ significant improvement in

  12. Aspects épidémiologiques, cliniques, cytologiques et immunophénotypiques des leucémies aiguës chez les enfants: expérience du laboratoire d'hématologie du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire IBN Sina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doumbia, Mariam; Uwingabiye, Jean; Bissan, Aboubacar; Rachid, Razine; Benkirane, Souad; Masrar, Azlarab

    2016-01-01

    L'objectif de ce travail était de décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, cytologiques et immunophénotypiques des leucémies aigues (LA) chez les enfants diagnostiqués au Centre Hospitalo-universitaire (CHU) Ibn Sina et de déterminer aussi la concordance entre les résultats de la cytologie à ceux de l'immunophénotypage. Il s'agit d'une étude transversale réalisée au laboratoire d'hématologie du CHU Ibn Sina entre Juin 2012 et Mai 2014. Parmi 104 cas de LA diagnostiqués, 52% étaient des garçons avec un sex-ratio H/F= 1,32 et l’âge médian de 5,7 ans. La répartition des différents types de LA était: LA lymphoïde (LAL) (74%), LA myéloïde(LAM) (20,2%), LA biphénotypique(LAB) (65,8%). Parmi les LAL,78% ont été classé LAL B et 22% comme LALT. Les signes cliniques étaient principalement présentés par le syndrome tumoral (73,1%), la fièvre (61%) et syndrome hémorragique (50%). Les anomalies de l'hémogrammeles plus fréquents étaient: thrombopénie (89,4%), anémie (86,5%), hyperleucocytose (79,8%). Le taux des blastes périphérique et médullaires était statistiquement élevé pour LAL que pour LAM et LAB (p<0,001). Le taux de rechute et de mortalité était respectivement de 21,2% et16, 3%. Le taux de concordance entre les résultats de la cytologie et ceux de l'immunophénotypage était de 92,7% pour LAL et de 82,6% pour LAM. Le diagnostic des LA se base toujours en premier sur la cytologie. L'immunophénotypage nous a permis de faire une meilleure distinction entre les leucémies aiguës. La prise en charge des LA pédiatriques est un problème majeur qui nécessite les centres spécialisés. PMID:27516823

  13. Malondialdehyde Levels In Wilson′s Disease

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    Sinha Sanjib

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Copper ion is a pro-oxidant metal and may be responsible for free radical mediated damage in Wilson′s disease (WD. Estimation of serum malondialdehyde (MDA, a standard test to detect oxidative damage, may support this pathogenesis. Aim: The aim of the study was to analyze the serum levels of MDA and correlate with clinical status in patients of WD. Patients and Methods: Forty five patients, from a large cohort of proven WD at various stages of treatment were evaluated. Their clinical parameters were noted and assessment of disability and handicap were done. The laboratory tests were carried out using standard methods. Results: The mean age of patients was 21.1+9.1 years (range: 6-50 years with M: F ratio of 1.6:1. The mean age at presentation was 14.4+6.9 years (range: 6-42 years and the mean duration of treatment was 14.4+6.9 years (range: 0-24 years. Their mean serum copper and ceruloplasmin levels were 41.4+22.9 g/d1 (range: 4 -103 g/dl and 5.8+3.4 mg/dl (range: 2-18 mg/dl respectively. Thirty eight of them had neurological involvement, four had hepatic form, two had both hepatic and neurological involvement while one was presymptomatic sibling. Patients were assessed using CHU staging (mean: 1.5+0.6, modified schwab and England Activities of Daily Living (MSEADL scale (mean: 94.44+19.55 and Neurologic symptom Score (NSS (mean: 3.96+5.2. The mean serum MDA level was 0.65 + 0.34 moles/1 and only four (9.4% patients had increased levels of MDA (mean: 1.32 + 0.05 moles/1, compared to control (mean: 0.56 + 0.36 moles/1 but it was not statistically significant. No significant correlation was noted between MDA levels and NSS, CHU score, MSEADL score and serum copper level. Conclusion: Increased levels of MDA were detected in only 4 out of 45 patients but those with or without increased MDA levels were not different in their clinical status. These patients were on long term treatment, which might alter the oxidative state. Mechanisms

  14. Use of alternative media and different types of recipients in a laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.8046 Use of alternative media and different types of recipients in a laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae - doi: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v33i3.8046

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    Flávia de Almeida Berchielli

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis algae was evaluated by studying the biology of the species and its chemical composition in a traditional medium (CHU12 and in two alternative culture media, NPK (20-5-20 and macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK, in three different types of recipients (fiberglass, carboy and plastic bag. First peak in the growth curve of Ankistrodesmus gracilis occurred on the ninth day in macrophyte + NPK medium (74.16 x 105 cells mL-1 in a fiberglass recipient. However, highest density (p 12 (122.87 x 105 cells mL-1 in a plastic bag on the twelfth day. Cell density was over 70 x 105 cells mL-1 starting on the twelfth day. Growth rate of A. gracilis was similar (p > 0.05 in culture media in the three recipients. Protein and fiber were similar (p > 0.05 in the treatments, but lipids were higher (p -1 in NPK (p A. gracilis cultured in three types of recipients. Costs are low, occupying less space when cultured in plastic bags and in the laboratory.A laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis algae was evaluated by studying the biology of the species and its chemical composition in a traditional medium (CHU12 and in two alternative culture media, NPK (20-5-20 and macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK, in three different types of recipients (fiberglass, carboy and plastic bag. First peak in the growth curve of Ankistrodesmus gracilis occurred on the ninth day in macrophyte + NPK medium (74.16 x 105 cells mL-1 in a fiberglass recipient. However, highest density (p 12 (122.87 x 105 cells mL-1 in a plastic bag on the twelfth day. Cell density was over 70 x 105 cells mL-1 starting on the twelfth day. Growth rate of A. gracilis was similar (p > 0.05 in culture media in the three recipients. Protein and fiber were similar (p > 0.05 in the treatments, but lipids were higher (p -1 in NPK (p A. gracilis cultured in three types of recipients. Costs are low, occupying less space when cultured in plastic bags and in the

  15. Evidence for Along-Strike Variations in the Crustal Deformation beneath the Bhutan Himalaya from Receiver Function Imaging and Seismicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, J.; Kissling, E. H.; Diehl, T.; Hetényi, G.

    2015-12-01

    In the Bhutan Himalaya seismicity and geologic surface features like the Kuru Chu Spur (an embayment of the Main Central Thrust) or the Paro window indicate along-strike variations in the collisional structure. The deeper structure of the orogenic wedge and associated deformation processes, however, are poorly understood partly due to the lack of seismic images of the crust. To better understand these differences in structure and deformation, we use data of a temporary seismic broadband network in Bhutan to image the crustal structure with receiver functions (RF). We apply an iterative 3D wave-based migration scheme including a high-frequency ray approximation, which satisfies Snell's law for dipping interfaces. With this approach we image variably dipping intra-crustal interfaces and the Moho topography across the Bhutan Himalaya, and identify lateral variations in the orogenic structure, which we interpret jointly with a new local earthquake catalog. In West Bhutan, RF imaging depicts a northward dipping Moho at ~50 km depth. The low-angle dip steepens north of ~27.6°N which matches well observations by wide-angle seismics in South Tibet and the hypocenter of a deep crustal earthquake recorded by our network. We also identify the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT) at ~14 km depth in West Bhutan with a ramp-like structure north of ~27.6°N. The ramp is characterized by a negative impedance contrast in the RF signals and coincides with a concentration of seismicity. In the East, the Moho appears to be almost flat at a depth of ~50 km without clear indications of steepening towards north. Beneath the Kuru Chu Spur in East Bhutan, we observe listric-shaped structures reaching from the upper crust beneath the Lesser Himalaya down to the Moho beneath the Greater Himalaya, which we interpret as a stack of crustal material typical for an accretionary wedge. While these structures appear aseismic, a horizontal alignment of seismicity at ~12 km depth suggests an active MHT in

  16. Assessment of the impact of adherence and other predictors during HAART on various CD4 cell responses in resource-limited settings

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    Abrogoua DP

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Danho Pascal Abrogoua1,2, Brou Jerome Kablan1, Boua Alexis Thierry Kamenan1,3, Gilles Aulagner4, Konan N'Guessan1, Christian Zohoré11Laboratoire de Pharmacie Clinique, Pharmacologie et Therapeutique – UFR Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, 2Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Clinique, CHU de Cocody, 3Service de Pharmacie, CHU de Cocody, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, 4Service Pharmaceutique Hopital Louis Pradel, Lyon, FranceObjective: The aim of this study was to quantify, by modeling, the impact of significant predictors on CD4 cell response during antiretroviral therapy in a resource-limited setting.Methods: Modeling was used to determine which antiretroviral therapy response predictors (baseline CD4 cell count, clinical state, age, and adherence significantly influence immunological response in terms of CD4 cell gain compared to a reference value at different periods of monitoring.Results: At 6 months, CD4 cell response was significantly influenced by baseline CD4 count alone. The probability of no increase in CD4 cells was 2.6 higher in patients with a baseline CD4 cell count of ≥200/mm3. At 12 months, CD4 cell response was significantly influenced by both baseline CD4 cell count and adherence. The probability of no increase in CD4 cells was three times higher in patients with a baseline CD4 cell count of ≥200/mm3 and 0.15 times lower with adherent patients. At 18 months, CD4 cell response was also significantly influenced by both baseline CD4 cell count and adherence. The probability of no increase in CD4 cells was 5.1 times higher in patients with a baseline CD4 cell count of ≥200/mm3 and 0.28 times lower with adherent patients. At 24 months, optimal CD4 cell response was significantly influenced by adherence alone. Adherence increased the probability (by 5.8 of an optimal increase in CD4 cells. Age and baseline clinical state had no significant influence on immunological response.Conclusion: The relationship between adherence and CD4

  17. Buccal acetaminophen provides fast analgesia: two randomized clinical trials in healthy volunteers

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    Pickering G

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Gisèle Pickering,1–3 Nicolas Macian,1 Frédéric Libert,2,4 J Michel Cardot,1 Séverine Coissard,1 Philippe Perovitch,5 Marc Maury,5 Claude Dubray1–3 1CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Centre de Pharmacologie Clinique, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2Inserm, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 3Clermont Université, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de Médecine, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 4Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, France; 5Unither Pharamceuticals, Paris, France Background: Acetaminophen (APAP by oral or intravenous (iv routes is used for mild to moderate pain but may take time to be effective. When fast relief is required and/or oral or iv routes are not available because of the patient's condition, the transmucosal route may be an alternative. Methodology: A new transmucosal/buccal (b pharmaceutical form of APAP dissolved in 50% wt alcohol is compared with other routes of administration. Two consecutive randomized, crossover, double-blind clinical trials (CT1: NCT00982215 and CT2: NCT01206985 included 16 healthy volunteers. CT1 compared the pharmacology of 250 mg bAPAP with 1 g iv APAP. CT2 compared the pharmacodynamics of 125 mg bAPAP with 1 g iv and 125 mg sublingual (s APAP. Mechanical pain thresholds are recorded in response to mechanical stimuli applied on the forearm several times during 120 minutes. The objective is to compare the time of onset of antinociception and the antinociception (area under the curve between the routes of administration with analysis of variance (significance P<0.05. Results: bAPAP has a faster time of antinociception onset (15 minutes, P<0.01 and greater antinociception at 50 minutes (P<0.01, CT1 and 30 minutes (P<0.01, CT2 than ivAPAP and sAPAP. All routes are similar after 50 minutes. Conclusion: bAPAP has a faster antinociceptive action in healthy volunteers. This attractive alternative to other routes would be useful in situations where oral or iv routes are not available. This finding must now be

  18. Use of alternative media and different types of recipients in a laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae = Utilização de meios alternativos e diferentes tipos de recipientes no cultivo de Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch Korshikov (Chlorophyceae em laboratório.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Helena Sipauba-Tavares

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A laboratory culture of Ankistrodesmus gracilis algae was evaluated by studying the biology of the species and its chemical composition in a traditional medium (CHU12 and in two alternative culture media, NPK (20-5-20 and macrophyte (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK, in three different types of recipients (fiberglass, carboy and plastic bag. First peak in the growth curve of Ankistrodesmus gracilis occurred on the ninth day in macrophyte + NPK medium (74.16 x 105 cells mL-1 in a fiberglass recipient. However, highest density (p 0.05 in culture media in the three recipients. Protein and fiber were similar (p > 0.05 in the treatments, but lipids were higher (p O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os aspectos biológicos e a composição química da alga Ankistrodesmus gracilis em laboratório utilizando um meio tradicional (CHU12 e dois meios alternativos, NPK (20-5-20 e macrófita (Eichhornia crassipes + NPK em três diferentes tipos de recipientes (cuba de fibra de vidro translúcido, garrafões e saco plástico. O primeiro pico de densidade celular de Ankistrodesmus gracilis ocorreu no nono dia da curva de crescimento em meio macrófita+NPK (74,16 x 105 células mL-1 no recipiente de fibra de vidro, porém a maior densidade (p 0,05 nos três recipientes e meios de cultivo. Os teores de proteína e fibra foram similares (p > 0,05 nos tratamentos utilizados, já os de lipídios foram mais elevados (p < 0,05 no meio NPK. Os teores médios de nitrato, amônia, fósforo total e ortofosfato estiveram acima de 1 mg L-1 no meio NPK (p < 0,01. Os resultados obtidos neste estudo indicam a possibilidade do uso de meios alternativos como o NPK e macrophyte +NPK para o cultivo de A. gracilis em larga escala cultivados nos três tipos de recipientes, porém, em saco plástico o custo é baixo e ocupa menos espaço em cultivo de laboratório.

  19. Distribution of Phylogenetic Groups among Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from Bovine in Heilongjiang%黑龙江奶牛肠外致病大肠埃希菌种系分类群研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟春玉; 曹宏伟; 朱战波; 刘振华; 崔玉东

    2013-01-01

    研究黑龙江省奶牛主要肠外致病(奶牛乳房炎、子宫内膜炎)大肠埃希菌的种系分类群。用PCR扩增具有种系分类群标记的chuA、yjaA基因和TSPE4.C2 DNA片段的方法,对黑龙江省84株来源于奶牛乳房炎和41株来源于奶牛子宫内膜炎的大肠埃希菌进行种系进化群分类。奶牛乳房炎所检测菌株中A进化种系群占11.90%。B1种系进化群占88.10%。奶牛子宫内膜炎所检测菌株中A种系进化群占14.63%,B1种系进化亚群占85.37%。未检测到属于B2和D群的肠外强毒力株。大肠杆菌分离株接种小鼠剖检可见明显病变。通过遗传进化分析,引起黑龙江奶牛肠外致病大肠埃希菌主要属于B1种系进化群,为奶牛乳房炎和子宫内膜炎疫苗的研制提供理论依据。%Researched distribution of phylogenetic groups among extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from bovine mastitis,Bovine endometritis in Heilongjiang. 84 E.coli isdates from bovine mastitis and 41 E.coli isdates from Bovine endometritis in Heilongjiang were PCR amplified for genetic markers of chuA,yjaA and TSPE4.C2. The result showed that 11.90% E.coli isolates belonged to group A and 88.10%to group B1 from bovine mastitis,14.63%E.coli isolates belonged to group A and 85.37%to group B1 from Bovine endometritis,no-one belonged to B2 and D groups. Obviously pathological changes were observed in internal organs of dissected experiment mouse. Extraintestinal pathogenic E.coli isolates from bovine for the predominant Phylogenetic group was group B1,this research provided a theoretical basis to prepare bovine mastitis and endometritis vaccine.

  20. ECONOMETRIC EVALUATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP ECONOMIC GROWTH AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN EU & TURKEY

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    Erygit Pinar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Unemployment, in Turkey as well as in the whole, world poses huge economic problems. When considering Turkey's economy with a continued growth but a sustainable growth trend that cannot be provided and cannot be avoided in unemployment. The concepts of unemployment and economic growth in the macro and micro level are the subject of many studies. Economists look for solutions to these problems that are faced by each country; unemployment, unemployment causes, economic growths are all concepts that are discussed. Turkey's population growth rate is high, investment and capital accumulation at the desired level cannot be performed, the quality of labor as a lack of economic and political instability, informal employment, the existence of inter-regional disparities, the lack of sufficient support in agriculture contribute to the many reasons such as unemployment, the foundation raised as an issue is caused to the end. One of the biggest problems faced by Turkey's economy has long been the problems of unemployment. Many policies have been identified and implemented to combat unemployment have been studied. High rates of growth to reduce unemployment are among the most important of these policies. The relationship between unemployment and growth for the first time was examined by Arthur M. Okun (1962. The main objective of this study with the participation of Croatia in 2013 with 28 member countries of the European Union and in Turkey for the period 2001-2011 is to examine and test the relationship between economic growth and unemployment is variable. Analysis Breitung (2000, ADF Fisher and Levin, Lin and Chu (2002 panel unit root tests, Westerlund (2007 panel cointegration tests are used. Breitung (2000, ADF Fisher and Levin, Lin and Chu (2002 tests taken by the series of first differences were stagnant. In addition, error correction model established between unemployment and economic growth Hausman tests were performed, and long-term parameters have

  1. Obtención de plantas haploides en chile miahuateco (Capsicum annuum L. Obtaining haploid plants from miahuateco chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelina Vélez Torres

    Full Text Available La regeneración de plantas haploides, es una herramienta importante en los programas de mejoramiento y estudios genéticos, ya que permite obtener líneas puras más rápido que los métodos convencionales a través de la duplicación de plantas haploides. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer una metodología que permita la regeneración de plantas haploides de chile tipo miahuateco (Capsicum annuum L.. Las anteras se cultivaron en los medios basales de Murashige y Skoog (1962; Chu et al. (1975, suplementados con 6-furfurilaminopurina (0.1-1 mg L-1, ácido naftalenacético (0.1 mg L-1, ácido indolacético (1 mg L-1 y ácido 2-4 diclorofenoxiacético (1 mg L-1. La embriogénesis se indujo hasta en 2.23% de anteras cuando se cultivaron en una combinación de 6-furfurilaminopurina con 2-4, diclorofenoxiacético (1 mg L-1 de ambos o de ácido indolacético con 6-furfurilaminopurina (0.1 mg L-1 de ambos. El análisis cromosómicos de las plantas regeneradas mostró que eran haploides con número cromósomico 2n= x= 12.Haploid plant regeneration is an important tool in breeding programs and genetics studies, since it helps obtain pure lines faster than conventional methods by the duplication of haploid plants. The aim of this study was to establish a methodology to regenerate haploid Miahuateco chili pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.. Anthers were grown on Murashige and Skoog (1962; Chu et al. (1975 basal media, supplemented with 6-furfurylaminopurine (0.1-1 mg L-1, naphthaleneacetic acid (0.1 mg L-1, indolacetic acid (1 mg L-1, and 2-4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (1 mg L-1. Embryogenesis was induced in 2.23% of anthers grown in a combination of 6-furfurylaminopurine with 2-4 dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (1 mg L-1, of each, or indolacetic acid with 6-furfurylaminopurine (0.1 mg L-1 of each. Chromosome analysis of regenerated plants showed that they were haploids with a chromosome number of 2n= x= 12.

  2. A simple semipaced 3-minute chair rise test for routine exercise tolerance testing in COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguilaniu B

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Bernard Aguilaniu,1,2 Hubert Roth,3 Jesus Gonzalez-Bermejo,4 Marie Jondot,5 Jocelyne Maitre,5 François Denis,6 Thomas Similowski4,7 1Medicine Faculty, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France; 2McGill University, Montreal, Canada; 3Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine Rhône-Alpes, CHU Grenoble, France; 4Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Respiratory and Intensive Care Medicine, Paris, France; 5Clinique Universitaire de Pneumologie, CHU Grenoble, France, Grenoble, France; 6Boehringer Ingelheim, 7Université Paris, Paris, France Abstract: The functional work capacity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients is usually assessed with walk tests such as the 6-minute walk test (6MWT or the shuttle test. Because these exercise modalities require a controlled environment which limits their use by pulmonologists and severely restricts their use among general practitioners, different modalities of a short (1 minute or less sit-to-stand test were recently proposed. In this study, we evaluated a new modality of a semipaced 3-minute chair rise test (3CRT in 40 patients with COPD, and compared the reproducibility of physiological responses and symptoms during the 3CRT and their interchangeability with the 6MWT. The results demonstrate that physiological variables, heart rate, pulse oxygen saturation, work done, and symptoms (Borg dyspnea and fatigue scores, during the 3CRT were highly reproducible, and that the physiological responses and symptoms obtained during the 3CRT and the 6MWT were interchangeable for most patients. Moreover, these preliminary data suggest that patients able to perform more than 50 rises during 3 minutes had no significant disability. The simplicity and ease of execution of the 3CRT will facilitate the assessment of exercise symptoms and disability in COPD patients during routine consultations with pulmonologists and general practitioners, and will thus contribute

  3. Neúspěšné koncepce spalovacích motorů

    OpenAIRE

    Martinec, Jiří

    2010-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce je zaměřena na studium neúspěšných koncepcí spalovacích motorů. Udává stručný přehled slepých cest ve vývoji spalovacích motorů, třídí je dle použitých konstrukčních řešení, zároveň vyjmenovává možné příčiny jejich neúspěchu. Objasňuje princip činnosti jednotlivých koncepcí a shrnuje případné klady a zápory uvedené konstrukce. The main aim of the bachelor thesis was to study unsuccessful conceptions of combustion engines. It determines a brief summary of abortive dire...

  4. Aromaticky aktivní látky různých druhů čokolády

    OpenAIRE

    Glouzarová, Markéta

    2008-01-01

    Tato diplomová práce se věnuje problematice těkavých aromaticky aktivních látek v čokoládě, které přímo souvisejí se vznikem čokoládového aroma. Organoleptické vlastnosti čokolády (především aroma a chuť) totiž oceňuje spotřebitel při konzumaci nejvíce. V této práci byly testovány čtyři druhy hořkých čokolád: Figaro Sladká Vášeň 70 % kakaa, Figaro hořká, Figaro na vaření a KAUMY kakaová poleva na vaření. Pro jejich analýzu byla zvolena metoda SPME (vlákno CAR/PDMS 85µm) ve spojení s plynovou ...

  5. Podnikatelský záměr na založení nové firmy

    OpenAIRE

    Slouková, Hana

    2011-01-01

    Předmětem diplomové práce je sestavení podnikatelského záměru na vytvoření zcela nového podnikatelského subjektu působícího v oblasti gastronomie. Základem návrhu je analýza a vymezení podmínek pro založení tohoto podniku, přičemž důraz je kladen zejména na vymezení trhu a identifikaci cílové skupiny zákazníků. Výstupem práce je ucelený postup pro otevření podniku tohoto typu, včetně návrhu marketingové a finanční strategie, a vyhodnocení předpokladů úspěchu podnikání. The purpose of this ...

  6. Asian Highlands Perspectives Six

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Brag 'go Wolf Begging Ritual (Spyang sprang by Author Mgon po tshe ring Local History in A mdo: The Tsong kha Range (Ri rgyud by Gray Tuttle Stag rig Tibetan Village: Hair Changing and Marriage by 'brug mo skyid, Charles Kevin Stuart, Alexandru Anton-Luca, and Steve Frediani Sustainable Development of Monastic Tourism in Tibetan Areas by Pad ma 'tsho Matrilineal Marriage in Tibetan Areas In Western Sìchuān Province by Feng Min Collecting Water From the Yellow River by Tshe ring mtsho and Tshe-ring-bsam-grub Review-Hartley, L and P Schiaffini-Vedani (eds. 2008. Modern Tibetan Literature and Social Change by Timothy Thurston Review-Wu Yazhi 吴雅芝. 2006. Zui hou de chuanshuo: elunchun zu wenhua yanjiu 最后的传说:鄂伦春族文化研 (The Final Legend: Research on Oroqen Culture by Anne Henochowicz Story-A Bleeding Watermelon by Nor bzang Folktale-The King of Seven Seeds by Bsod nams rgyal mtshan A New Investigation of the Geographic Position of the Báilán Capital of the Tŭyùhún by Zhu Shìkuí and Chéng Qĭjùn

  7. Depressed patients’ preferences for type of psychotherapy: a preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yrondi A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Antoine Yrondi,1 Julie Rieu,1 Claire Massip,1 Vanina Bongard,2 Laurent Schmitt1 1Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, 2Public Health Service, CHU Toulouse, Toulouse, France Background: The treatment recommendations for depressed patients by the American Psychiatric Association encourage a focus on the patient’s preferences. The focus of this study was the preference of depressed inpatients for the type of psychotherapy. Methods: Twenty-nine subjects of both sexes who were hospitalized with a major depressive episode were interviewed at 5-day intervals with the same questions after the depressive episode resolved, as indicated by a score less than 7 on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS. The selection of items was performed by expert consensus. Results: The supportive psychotherapy scores were the highest, followed by psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. The two sessions conducted at 5-day intervals showed no significant difference, which reflected the stability of choices and preferences of patients. Conclusion: In this study, the patients preferred supportive psychotherapy as first-line therapy compared to psychodynamic psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. Keywords: depression, depressive disorder, psychodynamic psychotherap, supportive psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy

  8. Seawater-cultured Botryococcus braunii for efficient hydrocarbon extraction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenichi Furuhashi

    Full Text Available As a potential source of biofuel, the green colonial microalga Botryococcus braunii produces large amounts of hydrocarbons that are accumulated in the extracellular matrix. Generally, pretreatment such as drying or heating of wet algae is needed for sufficient recoveries of hydrocarbons from B. braunii using organic solvents. In this study, the Showa strain of B. braunii was cultured in media derived from the modified Chu13 medium by supplying artificial seawater, natural seawater, or NaCl. After a certain period of culture in the media with an osmotic pressure corresponding to 1/4-seawater, hydrocarbon recovery rates exceeding 90% were obtained by simply mixing intact wet algae with n-hexane without any pretreatments and the results using the present culture conditions indicate the potential for hydrocarbon milking.Seawater was used for efficient hydrocarbon extraction from Botryococcus braunii. The alga was cultured in media prepared with seawater or NaCl. Hydrocarbon recovery rate exceeding 90% was obtained without any pretreatment.

  9. Conformal Pad-Printing Electrically Conductive Composites onto Thermoplastic Hemispheres: Toward Sustainable Fabrication of 3-Cents Volumetric Electrically Small Antennas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haoyi Wu

    Full Text Available Electrically small antennas (ESAs are becoming one of the key components in the compact wireless devices for telecommunications, defence, and aerospace systems, especially for the spherical one whose geometric layout is more closely approaching Chu's limit, thus yielding significant bandwidth improvements relative to the linear and planar counterparts. Yet broad applications of the volumetric ESAs are still hindered since the low cost fabrication has remained a tremendous challenge. Here we report a state-of-the-art technology to transfer electrically conductive composites (ECCs from a planar mould to a volumetric thermoplastic substrate by using pad-printing technology without pattern distortion, benefit from the excellent properties of the ECCs as well as the printing-calibration method that we developed. The antenna samples prepared in this way meet the stringent requirement of an ESA (ka is as low as 0.32 and the antenna efficiency is as high as 57%, suggesting that volumetric electronic components i.e. the antennas can be produced in such a simple, green, and cost-effective way. This work can be of interest for the development of studies on green and high performance wireless communication devices.

  10. Conformal Pad-Printing Electrically Conductive Composites onto Thermoplastic Hemispheres: Toward Sustainable Fabrication of 3-Cents Volumetric Electrically Small Antennas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Haoyi; Chiang, Sum Wai; Yang, Cheng; Lin, Ziyin; Liu, Jingping; Moon, Kyoung-Sik; Kang, Feiyu; Li, Bo; Wong, Ching Ping

    2015-01-01

    Electrically small antennas (ESAs) are becoming one of the key components in the compact wireless devices for telecommunications, defence, and aerospace systems, especially for the spherical one whose geometric layout is more closely approaching Chu's limit, thus yielding significant bandwidth improvements relative to the linear and planar counterparts. Yet broad applications of the volumetric ESAs are still hindered since the low cost fabrication has remained a tremendous challenge. Here we report a state-of-the-art technology to transfer electrically conductive composites (ECCs) from a planar mould to a volumetric thermoplastic substrate by using pad-printing technology without pattern distortion, benefit from the excellent properties of the ECCs as well as the printing-calibration method that we developed. The antenna samples prepared in this way meet the stringent requirement of an ESA (ka is as low as 0.32 and the antenna efficiency is as high as 57%), suggesting that volumetric electronic components i.e. the antennas can be produced in such a simple, green, and cost-effective way. This work can be of interest for the development of studies on green and high performance wireless communication devices.

  11. Influence of anionic substitution on the electrolyte electroreflectance study of band edge transitions in single crystal Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 solid solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levcenco, S.; Dumcenco, D.; Wang, Y. P.; Huang, Y. S.; Ho, C. H.; Arushanov, E.; Tezlevan, V.; Tiong, K. K.

    2012-06-01

    Single crystals of Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 (CZTSSe) solid solutions were grown by chemical vapor transport technique using iodine trichloride as a transport agent. As confirmed by X-ray investigations, the as-grown CZTSSe solid solutions are single phase and crystallized in kesterite structure. The lattice parameters of CZTSSe were determined and the S contents of the obtained crystals were estimated by Vegard's law. The composition dependent band gaps of CZTSSe solid solutions were studied by electrolyte electroreflectance (EER) measurements at room temperature. From a detailed lineshape fit of the EER spectra, the band gaps of CZTSSe were determined accurately and were found to decrease almost linearly with the increase of Se content, which agreed well with the recent theoretical first-principle calculations by S. Chen, A. Walsh, J.H. Yang, X.G. Gong, L. Sun, P. X. Yang, J.H. Chu, S.H. Wei, Phys. Rev. B 83 (2011) 125201 (5pp).

  12. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey I: Introduction and observational overview

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, C J; Henault-Brunet, V; Sana, H; de Koter, A; Simon-Diaz, S; Carraro, G; Bagnoli, T; Bastian, N; Bestenlehner, J M; Bonanos, A Z; Bressert, E; Brott, I; Campbell, M A; Cantiello, M; Clark, J S; Costa, E; Crowther, P A; de Mink, S E; Doran, E; Dufton, P L; Dunstall, P R; Friedrich, K; Garcia, M; Gieles, M; Graefener, G; Herrero, A; Howarth, I D; Izzard, R G; Langer, N; Lennon, D J; Apellaniz, J Maiz; Markova, N; Najarro, F; Puls, J; Ramirez, O H; Sabin, C; Smartt, S J; Stroud, V E; van Loon, J Th; Vink, J S; Walborn, N R

    2011-01-01

    The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey (VFTS) is an ESO Large Programme that has obtained multi-epoch optical spectroscopy of over 800 massive stars in the 30 Doradus region of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Here we introduce our scientific motivations and give an overview of the survey targets, including optical and near-infrared photometry and comprehensive details of the data reduction. One of the principal objectives was to detect massive binary systems via variations in their radial velocities, thus shaping the multi-epoch observing strategy. Spectral classifications are given for the massive emission-line stars observed by the survey, including the discovery of a new Wolf-Rayet star (VFTS 682, classified as WN5h), 2' to the northeast of R136. To illustrate the diversity of objects encompassed by the survey, we investigate the spectral properties of sixteen targets identified by Gruendl & Chu from Spitzer photometry as candidate young stellar objects or stars with notable mid-infrared excesses. Detailed ...

  13. Feng-Pei Group and Politics in the Early Han Dynasty%丰沛集团与汉初政治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜岸青

    2012-01-01

    在反秦起义和楚汉战争期间,早先追随刘邦起兵的丰沛籍子弟成为一支政治军事力量——"丰沛集团"。丰沛集团是刘邦夺取天下的核心力量,是汉初最重要的政治力量,其兴衰与汉武帝内外政策的转变、新兴军功地主的崛起密切相关。%In the uprising against the Qin Dynasty and the war between Chu and Han,sons and younger brothers of those in Feng and Pei who followed LIU Bang became a political and military force: Feng-Pei Group.It is the core strength of LIU Bang's seizing the throne and the most important political force in the early Han Dynasty.Its rise and decline are closely related to the transformation of internal and external policies of Emperor Wu of Han and the rise of newly developing lords with military exploits.

  14. Analysis of Sima Qian's Criticism of Qu Yuan's "Li Sao"%司马迁屈骚批评析义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝明朝

    2014-01-01

    司马迁与屈原均以宏文名垂千古,但屈原之“志”为“存君兴国”,即通过君王来实现其“美政”理想,把楚国的事情办好;司马迁之“志”是撰著《史记》,以期名垂后世。屈原“无我”,司马迁“为我”;屈原无心插柳柳成荫,司马迁则是有意栽花花盛开。%Sima Qian and Qu Yuan go down in history for their master pieces. But Qu Yuan's "ambition" is "save your country", namely by the emperor to realize the ideal of "beautifying politics" of the Chu state affairs; Sima Qian's "ambition" is writing"historical records" in order to leave a name in history. Qu Yuan holds on the idea of"without me",while Sima Qian holds "for me"; Qu Yuan becomes famous without intention but Sima Qian intends to be well known.

  15. CMBfit: Rapid WMAP likelihood calculations with normal parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Sandvik, H B; Wang, X; Zaldarriaga, M; Sandvik, Havard B.; Tegmark, Max; Wang, Xiaomin; Zaldarriaga, Matias

    2004-01-01

    We present a method for ultra-fast confrontation of the WMAP cosmic microwave background observations with theoretical models, implemented as a publicly available software package called CMBfit, useful for anyone wishing to measure cosmological parameters by combining WMAP with other observations. The method takes advantage of the underlying physics by transforming into a set of parameters where the WMAP likelihood surface is accurately fit by the exponential of a quartic or sextic polynomial. Building on previous physics based approximations by Hu et.al., Kosowsky et.al. and Chu et.al., it combines their speed with precision cosmology grade accuracy. A Fortran code for computing the WMAP likelihood for a given set of parameters is provided, pre-calibrated against CMBfast, accurate to Delta lnL ~ 0.05 over the entire 2sigma region of the parameter space for 6 parameter ``vanilla'' Lambda CDM models. We also provide 7-parameter fits including spatial curvature, gravitational waves and a running spectral index.

  16. Southwestern Power Administration Annual Report 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-04-01

    Dear Secretary Chu: I am pleased to present the financial statements and operating data for Southwestern Power Administration (Southwestern) for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. In FY 2011, Southwestern delivered over 4.1 billion kilowatt-hours of energy to its wholesale customers in Arkansas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas, generating $167 million in revenue. In fulfilling its mission to market and reliably deliver renewable Federal hydroelectric power, Southwestern maintains 1,380 miles of high-voltage transmission lines, substations, and communications sites, contributing to the reliability of the regional and National electric grid. Southwestern also actively partners with the Department of Energy, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Southwestern’s customers, and other Federal power stakeholders to most effectively balance their diverse interests with Southwestern’s mission while continuing to maximize Federal assets to repay the Federal investment in the 24 hydropower facilities within Southwestern’s marketing region. Southwestern is proud of its past successes, and we look forward to continuing to serve the Nation’s energy needs in the future. Sincerely, Christopher M. Turner Administrator

  17. EVALUATION DE L’ACTIVITE ANTIBACTERIENNE DE L’HUILE ESSENTIELLE d’Eucalyptus camaldulensis RECOLTE EN ALGERIE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. OUELHADJ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the antibacterial activity of essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, collected in the province of Tizi-Ouzou, North of Algeria, was tested in vitro on bacterial strains belonging to the ATCC collection (Escherichia coli, ATCC 25922; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ATCC 727853 and taphylococcus aureus, ATCC 25923 and on a clinical isolate of a bacterial strain Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated in the laboratory of bacteriology from CHU Mohamed Nadir of Tizi-Ouzou. The study of the antibacterial activity was carried out by the method of agar diffusion. Essential oil revealed an antibacterial activity with respect to the bacterial strains tested. However, essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis showed a very strong activity against Staphylococcus aureus (diameter of inhibition = 22.66 mm.The antibacterial activity of essential oil was confirmed by the method of microdilution (minimal inhibiting concentration. The results obtained are very encouraging and make it possible to suggest that the essential oil of Eucalyptus camaldulensis has compounds having important antibacterial properties, which enables to foresee their application in pharmaceutical industry. So we tried to open a way for the exploitation of essential oils to fight against pathogenic bacteria multi resistant to antibiotics.

  18. Metal-Organic Coordination Number Determined Charge Transfer Magnitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hung-Hsiang; Chu, Yu-Hsun; Lu, Chun-I.; Yang, Tsung-Han; Yang, Kai-Jheng; Kaun, Chao-Cheng; Hoffmann, Germar; Lin, Minn-Tsong

    2014-03-01

    By the appropriate choice of head groups and molecular ligands, various metal-organic coordination geometries can be engineered. Such metal-organic structures provide different chemical environments for molecules and give us templates to study the charge redistribution within the metal-organic interface. We created various metal-organic bonding environment by growing self-assembly nanostructures of Fe-PTCDA (3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride) chains and networks on a Au(111) surface. Bonding environment dependent frontier molecular orbital energies are acquired by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy. By comparing the frontier energies with the molecular coordination environments, we conclude that the specific coordination affects the magnitude of charge transfer onto each PTCDA in the Fe-PTCDA hybridization system. H.-H. Yang, Y.-H. Chu, C.-I Lu, T.-H. Yang, K.-J. Yang, C.-C. Kaun, G. Hoffmann, and M.-T. Lin, ACS Nano 7, 2814 (2013).

  19. 7th International Symposium on Gaseous Dielectrics

    CERN Document Server

    James, David

    1994-01-01

    The Seventh International Symposium on Gaseous Dielectrics was held in Knoxville, Tennessee, U. S. A. , on April 24-28, 1994. The symposium continued the interdisciplinary character and comprehensive approach of the preceding six symposia. Gaseous DielecIries VII is a detailed record of the symposium proceedings. It covers recent advances and developments in a wide range of basic, applied and industrial areas of gaseous dielectrics. It is hoped that Gaseous DielecIries VII will aid future research and development in, and encourage wider industrial use of, gaseous dielectrics. The Organizing Committee of the Seventh International Symposium on Gaseous Dielectrics consisted of G. Addis (U. S. A. ), L. G. Christophorou (U. S. A. ), F. Y. Chu (Canada), A. H. Cookson (U. S. A. ), O. Farish (U. K. ), I. Gallimberti (Italy) , A. Garscadden (U. S. A. ), D. R. James (U. S. A. ), E. Marode (France), T. Nitta (Japan), W. Pfeiffer (Germany), Y. Qiu (China), I. Sauers (U. S. A. ), R. J. Van Brunt (U. S. A. ), and W. Zaengl...

  20. 论《离骚》冲突的艺术美%On Art Beauty of Li Sao Conflict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敦玉林

    2000-01-01

    This paper explained the art characteristic of LiSaoby theory of conflict in aesthetics. It expressed the existence of self-spirit and the contradictory of Chu Guo noble with the aid of myth thought,taking three close connected art links “An account in myself words”,“Relating the history”,“Spirit tourism”. The poem showed the feature of aesthetics by dramatic contradictory conflict. The poet tried to overstep real comtradictory by the spirit tourism of hailucination, but the last it failed,and realized the value on life by miserable suicide,it got aesthetic meaning and the distillation of moral meaning.%《离骚》以“自叙”、“述史”、“神游”这三个密切联系的艺术环节,借助神话思维表现了自我的精神存在和楚国贵族的矛盾差异,诗歌以戏剧化的矛盾冲突显现了美学特征。诗人试图以幻觉的神游来超越现实的矛盾,但最终失败,以悲剧性的自杀实现人生的价值,获得审美意义和道德意义的升华。

  1. Saffman-Taylor-like instability in a narrow gap induced by dielectric barrier discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Shang-Yan; Chu, Hong-Yu

    2015-07-01

    This work is inspired by the expansion of the plasma bubble in a narrow gap reported by Chu and Lee [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 225001 (2011)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.225001. We report the unstable phenomena of the plasma-liquid interface with different curvature in a Hele-Shaw cell. Dielectric barrier discharge is produced in the cell at atmospheric pressure which is partially filled with silicone oil. We show that the Saffman-Taylor-like instability is observed on the bubble-type, channel-type, and drop-type interfaces. The Schlieren observation of the plasma-drop interaction reveals that there is a vapor layer around the drop and the particle image velocimetry shows the liquid flow inside the drop. We propose that the thermal Marangoni effect induced by the plasma heating is responsible for the unstable phenomena of the plasma-liquid interaction. The fluctuation of the interface is shown consistently with the Saffman-Taylor instability modified by the temperature-dependent velocity and surface tension.

  2. Regional culture and ZHANG Hen-shui's literary creation.%地域文化与张恨水的文学创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢昭新

    2001-01-01

    The impact of region on literature is effected through regional culture. The mixed culture of ancient WAN, ancient CHU and Tongcheng finds its expression in ZHANG Hen-shui, infiltrating in his works and forming special personal temperament, national appeal, sense of Buddhism and Taoism , and a view of customs, all with regional color.%地域对文学的影响,实际上是通过地域文化这一中介环节而起作用的。古皖文化、古楚文化、桐城文化杂糅而形成的文化积淀,在张恨水身上有一定的体现,渗透于某些作品中,形成了独特地域文化色彩的人格气质、家国情怀、佛道意识以及浓厚的风俗景观。

  3. Cell scientist to watch - Lei Stanley Qi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobrowska, Anna

    2016-01-15

    Originally from China, Lei (Stanley) Qi obtained his first degree in physics and mathematics at the Tsinghua University. He then moved to University of California, Berkeley, where he graduated with an MA in physics and worked in the laboratory of Steven Chu, Noble Laureate in Physics (1997), before switching fields to pursue a PhD in bioengineering in the laboratories of Adam Arkin and Jennifer Doudna. Stanley's work earned him the National Institutes of Health Director's Early Independence Award, which allowed him to start his own laboratory at the University of California, San Francisco, as a Systems Biology Fellow without a postdoctoral training period. In 2014, he moved to Stanford, where he is now Assistant Professor at the Department of Bioengineering and of Chemical and Systems Biology, and is affiliated with Stanford Chemistry, Engineering and Medicine for Human Health (ChEM-H). He invented the use of the CRISPR-dCas9 system for transcriptional modulation and genome imaging. His current research is focused on developing new tools and technologies for genome editing and transcriptional modulation, manipulating molecular networks to understand fundamental principles of biology and engineering cells to exhibit desired behaviors, such as teaching immune cells to recognise and eliminate cancers. PMID:26773006

  4. In depth fusion flame spreading with a deuterium-tritium plane fuel density profile for plasma block ignition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B.Malekynia; S.S.Razavipour

    2012-01-01

    Solid-state fuel ignition was given by Chu and Bobin according to the hydrodynamic theory at x =0 qualitatively.A high threshold energy flux density,i.e.,E* =4.3 x 1012 J/m2,has been reached.Recently,fast ignition by employing clean petawatt-picosecond laser pulses was performed.The anomalous phenomena were observed to be based on suppression of prepulses.The accelerated plasma block was used to ignite deuterium-tritium fuel at solid-state density.The detailed analysis of the thermonuclear wave propagation was investigated.Also the fusion conditions at x ≠ 0 layers were clarified by exactly solving hydrodynamic equations for plasma block ignition.In this paper,the applied physical mechanisms are determined for nonlinear force laser driven plasma blocks,thermonuclear reaction,heat transfer,electron-ion equilibration,stopping power of alpha particles,bremsstrahlung,expansion,density dependence,and fluid dynamics.New ignition conditions may be obtained by using temperature equations,including thc dcnsity profile that is obtained by the continuity equation and expansion velocity.The density is only a function of x and independent of time.The ignition energy flux density,E*t,for the x ≠ 0 layers is 1.95 × 1012 J/m2.Thus threshold ignition energy in comparison with that at x =0 layers would be reduced to less than 50 percent.

  5. Cell scientist to watch - Lei Stanley Qi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobrowska, Anna

    2016-01-15

    Originally from China, Lei (Stanley) Qi obtained his first degree in physics and mathematics at the Tsinghua University. He then moved to University of California, Berkeley, where he graduated with an MA in physics and worked in the laboratory of Steven Chu, Noble Laureate in Physics (1997), before switching fields to pursue a PhD in bioengineering in the laboratories of Adam Arkin and Jennifer Doudna. Stanley's work earned him the National Institutes of Health Director's Early Independence Award, which allowed him to start his own laboratory at the University of California, San Francisco, as a Systems Biology Fellow without a postdoctoral training period. In 2014, he moved to Stanford, where he is now Assistant Professor at the Department of Bioengineering and of Chemical and Systems Biology, and is affiliated with Stanford Chemistry, Engineering and Medicine for Human Health (ChEM-H). He invented the use of the CRISPR-dCas9 system for transcriptional modulation and genome imaging. His current research is focused on developing new tools and technologies for genome editing and transcriptional modulation, manipulating molecular networks to understand fundamental principles of biology and engineering cells to exhibit desired behaviors, such as teaching immune cells to recognise and eliminate cancers.

  6. Support for the Advanced Polymers Beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hsiao, Benjamin S [Stony Brook Univeristy

    2008-10-01

    The primary focus of the X27C beamline is to investigate frontier polymer science and engineering problems with emphasis on real-time studies of structures, morphologies and dynamics from atomic, nanoscopic, microscopic to mesoscopic scales using simultaneous small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) techniques. The scientific merit of this project is as follows. Currently, many unique sample chambers for in-situ synchrotron studies, developed by the PI (B. Hsiao) and Co-PI (B. Chu), are available for general users of X27C at NSLS. These instruments include a gel/melt spinning apparatus, a continuous fiber drawing apparatus, a tensile stretching apparatus, a high pressure X-ray cell using supercritical carbon dioxide, a parallel plate strain-controlled shear stage and a dynamic rheometer for small-strain oscillatory deformation study. Based on the use of these instruments in combination with synchrotron X-rays, many new insights into the relationships between processing and structure have been obtained in recent years. The broader impact of this project is as follows. The X27C beamline is the first synchrotron facility in the United States dedicated to chemistry/materials research (with emphasis on polymers). The major benefit of this facility to the materials community is that no extensive synchrotron experience and equipment preparation are required from general users to carry out cutting-edge experiments.

  7. Efektivnost marketingových činností ve strojírenství v České republice

    OpenAIRE

    Milichovský, František

    2014-01-01

    Dizertační práce je zaměřena na aktuální potřeby podnikové efektivnosti a výkonnosti v oblasti marketingových činností. V průmyslovém prostředí je předpokladem úspěchu splnění strategických marketingových cílů ve vazbě na podnikové strategie. V práci je pozornost soustředěna na jednotlivé systémy výkonnosti a skupiny metrik, které jsou uplatňovány právě v oblasti strojírenství ve vazbě na realizované marketingové činnosti. Cílem dizertační práce je navrhnout metodiku výběru marketingových met...

  8. “现代的楚风、楚辞”--三四十年代沈从文写作中的《楚辞》渊源%Shen Congwen's Writing in 1930-1940s:The Songs of the South in Modern Chinese Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁文

    2015-01-01

    在三十年代的《湘行散记》和《湘西》中,沈从文因返乡机缘而集中思考其写作的文学源头,实现时空双重意义上的返乡之旅。进入四十年代,沈从文关注时局与历史的走势,在杂文中对楚人性格进行思考与总结,因此,有必要由长时段视角厘清沈从文独特的文学资源。%In Hunan Traveling Prose and Xiangxi in 1930s, Shen Congwen searched his own literature origins because of returning home and realized returning home in both respects:reality and fantasy. In 1940s, Shen paid much attention to political situation, and he thought a lot about the history of Hunan and his hometown people's characters, which inherited from ancient Chu culture. Therefore, it is necessary for us to figure out the unique literature resources of Shen Congwen's writings from the long period view.

  9. Cultural characteristics of chromium resistant filamentous cyanobacteria isolated from local environment in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many filamentous cyanobacteria were isolated from different places: fields, ponds, polluted water and soils from Muredkey and Kasur tanneries area, near Lahore, Pakistan. Different media like BG 11 medium, Bold Basal medium, Chu's number 10 medium, Gorham's medium and modified SAG medium, in standard forms and with slight variations of ingredients, different pH, temperature and light regimes were checked for the optimum growth of isolates. The isolation procedure was repeated with different concentrations of chromium to select the resistant strains, These selected strains grew on chromium of range 100-200 micro gml/sup -1/ in BG 11 medium. Cyanobacteria were maintained in solid and in liquid media with/without shaking. Cyanobacterial strains were collected from natural habitats that were accompanied by a diversified group of organisms including bacteria, protozoan and rotifers etc. In order to eliminate these agents termed as contaminants, we used several methods including phenol treatment, use of antibiotic and careful manual picking of filamentous cyanobacteria. Resistance of these strains against different heavy metal (ZnSO/sub 4/, MnSO/sub 4/, NiSO/sub 4/, CoCl/sub 2/, Pb (NO/sub 3/)/sub 3/, CuSO/sub 4/, HgCl/sub 2/, AgNO/sub 3/ and CdCl/sub 2/) and antibiotics (erythromycin, streptomycin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol and neomycin) was evolved. Optimum temperature was 35 deg. C with pH 9 for the reduction of Cr (VI) in to Cr (III) in majority. (author)

  10. Evodiamine as a novel antagonist of aryl hydrocarbon receptor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Hui [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China); Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Affiliated Tenth People' s Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200072 (China); Tu, Yongjiu; Zhang, Chun; Fan, Xia; Wang, Xi [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China); Wang, Zhanli [College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); Liang, Huaping, E-mail: huaping_liang@yahoo.com.cn [State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns, and Combined Injury, Department 1, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042 (China)

    2010-11-05

    Research highlights: {yields} Evodiamine interacted with the AhR. {yields} Evodiamine inhibited the specific binding of [{sup 3}H]-TCDD to the AhR. {yields} Evodiamine acts as an antagonist of the AhR. -- Abstract: Evodiamine, the major bioactive alkaloid isolated from Wu-Chu-Yu, has been shown to interact with a wide variety of proteins and modify their expression and activities. In this study, we investigated the interaction between evodiamine and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Molecular modeling results revealed that evodiamine directly interacted with the AhR. Cytosolic receptor binding assay also provided the evidence that evodiamine could interact with the AhR with the K{sub i} value of 28.4 {+-} 4.9 nM. In addition, we observed that evodiamine suppressed the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induced nuclear translocation of the AhR and the expression of CYP1A1 dose-dependently. These results suggested that evodiamine was able to bind to the AhR as ligand and exhibit antagonistic effects.

  11. Chondrosarcome mésenchymateux de l’orbite : à propos d’un cas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PW. Atipo-Tsiba

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Le chondrosarcome mésenchymateux de l’orbite est une tumeur très rare. Seule une trentaine de cas ont été publiés à ce jour. Cette observation rapporte un cas vu au CHU de Brazzaville. Méthode : Une patiente de 33 ans avait consulté notre département pour une exophtalmie gauche. Résultats : On notait une exophtalmie, un important chémosis et une nécrose cornéenne complète. Le scanner avait objectivé une masse orbitaire ovoïde, multilobée avec une zone centrale calcifie. L’histopathologie avait mis en évidence un aspect dit "bi-phasique", faite d’une mosaïque de petites cellules fusiformes associées à des hémangiopericytomes au sein d’une matrice cartilagineuse. Conclusion : Le chondrosarcome mésenchymateux de l’orbite est une tumeur exceptionnelle. Son aspect histopathologique particulier permet aisément de le différentier des autres lésions calcifies de l’orbite.

  12. A CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OIL PRICES CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT, AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FROM FRAGILE FIVE COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuksel BAYRAKTAR

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to determine the impact of oil prices in the Fragile-Five countries (Brazil, Indonesia, South Africa, India, and Turkey on current account deficit and growth. In this study, the method of panel data analysis was used and the period of 1980-2014 was examined. The Levin, Lin, & Chu panel; Im, Pesaran, and Shin W-stat; ADF-Fisher Chi-square; and PP-Fisher Chi-square unit root tests were used to determine the stability of data before panel data analysis. The results of the study can be expressed as follows. i There was a statistically meaningful relationship in oil prices with both GDP and the current account deficit. While there was a positive correlation between oil prices and GDP, there was a negative relationship between oil prices and current account deficit. ii No long-term relationship was found between GDP and oil prices; there was a long-term relationship between current account deficit and oil prices as determined by the cointegration tests. iii Causality test also showed the presence of a bidirectional relationship between GDP and oil prices.  Causality between oil prices and the current account deficit was one-way from the variable of oil price to the variable of current account deficit.

  13. Thin film cadmium telluride solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, T. L.; Chu, Shirley S.; Ang, S. T.; Mantravadi, M. K.

    1987-08-01

    Thin-film p-CdTe/CdS/SnO2:F/glass solar cells of the inverted configuration were prepared by the deposition of p-type CdTe films onto CdS/SnO2:F/glass substrates using CVD or close-spaced sublimation (CSS) techniques based on the procedures of Chu et al. (1983) and Nicholl (1963), respectively. The deposition rates of p-CdTe films deposited by CSS were higher than those deposited by the CVD technique (4-5 min were sufficient), and the efficiencies higher than 10 percent were obtained. However, the resistivity of films prepared by CSS was not as readily controlled as that of the CVD films. The simplest technique to reduce the resistivity of the CSS p-CdTe films was to incorporate a dopant, such as As or Sb, into the reaction mixture during the preparation of the source material. The films with resistivities in the range of 500-1000 ohm cm were deposited in this manner.

  14. Chronic intermittent hypoxia and obstructive sleep apnea: an experimental and clinical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sforza E

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Emilia Sforza, Fréderic Roche Service de Physiologie Clinique et de l'Exercice, Pole NOL, CHU, EA SNA-EPIS 4607, Faculté de Médecine J. Lisfranc, UJM Saint-Etienne, Université de Lyon, Saint-Etienne, France Abstract: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA is a prevalent sleep disorder considered as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular consequences, such as systemic arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease, cardiac arrhythmias, metabolic disorders, and cognitive dysfunction. The pathogenesis of OSA-related consequence is assumed to be chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH inducing alterations at the molecular level, oxidative stress, persistent systemic inflammation, oxygen sensor activation, and increase of sympathetic activity. Overall, these mechanisms have an effect on vessel permeability and are considered to be important factors for explaining vascular, metabolic, and cognitive OSA-related consequences. The present review attempts to examine together the research paradigms and clinical studies on the effect of acute and chronic IH and the potential link with OSA. We firstly describe the literature data on the mechanisms activated by acute and chronic IH at the experimental level, which are very helpful and beneficial to explaining OSA consequences. Then, we describe in detail the effect of IH in patients with OSA that we can consider "the human model" of chronic IH. In this way, we can better understand the specific pathophysiological mechanisms proposed to explain the consequences of IH in OSA. Keywords: hypoxia, intermittent hypoxia, experimental studies, obstructive sleep apnea

  15. Les fistules œsotrachéales congénitales isolées à propos de 2 cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Biache, Imad; Lechqar, Maryem; Rami, Mohammed; Bouabdallah, Youssef

    2014-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent 2 cas de fistules oesotrachéales isolées sans atrésie de l'oesophage, colligés au service de chirurgie pédiatrique au CHU Hassan II de Fès au Maroc entre 2008 et 2013. Il s'agit d'une anomalie rare représentée par un fin canal ascendant entre l'oesophage et la face postérieure de la trachée, à la hauteur du défilé cervico-thoracique. Elle se manifeste cliniquement par une symptomatologie respiratoire parfois digestive. Le diagnostic a été confirmé par le transit oesophagien dans les 2 cas et a permis aussi de déterminer le siège de la fistule. Le traitement était chirurgical, il a permis de supprimer la communication anormale entre l'oesophage et la trachée par un abord cervical avec interposition musculaire dans les 2 cas. Les suites post-opératoires et l’évolution à long terme étaient simples. Le but de ce travail est d'exposer les différents moyens diagnostique et thérapeutique. PMID:25328600

  16. Study on the Tourism Image Design of the Ancient City, Jingzhou%荆州古城城市旅游形象设计定位分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管家庆; 陈姝洁

    2012-01-01

    荆州古城历史文化资源丰富,以“楚文化、三国文化”为主体,抽取历史文化资源中的代表元素进行定位,从而设计出符合古域荆州的城市形象:并对荆州古城今后的发展状态进行定位与思考,发展古域旅游服务事业,将荆州古城建设成为集环城旅游、休闲、古城保护等系统为一体的城市景观,打响荆州古城的名气。%Jingzhou city history and culture rich in resources, "chu culture, The Three Kingdoms culture" as the main body, historical and cultural resources from the delegate elements to positioning, thus designed comply with jingzhou city image of the city; And the development in the future of jingzhou city state orientation and thinking, the development of ancient city tourism service business, jingzhou city construction will be set to travel around cities, leisure, ancient city protection system for the integration of urban landscape and popularized jingzhou city of fame.

  17. Does an atom interferometer test the gravitational redshift at the Compton frequency ?

    CERN Document Server

    Wolf, Peter; Bordé, Christian J; Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude; Salomon, Christophe; Reynaud, Serge

    2010-01-01

    Atom interferometers allow the measurement of the acceleration of freely falling atoms with respect to an experimental platform at rest on Earth's surface. Such experiments have been used to test the universality of free fall by comparing the acceleration of the atoms to that of a classical freely falling object. In a recent paper, M\\"uller, Peters and Chu [Nature {\\bf 463}, 926-929 (2010)] argued that atom interferometers also provide a very accurate test of the gravitational redshift when considering the atom as a clock operating at the Compton frequency associated with the rest mass. We analyze this claim in the frame of general relativity and of different alternative theories. We show that the difference of "Compton phases" between the two paths of the interferometer is actually zero in a large class of theories, including general relativity, all metric theories of gravity, most non-metric theories and most theoretical frameworks used to interpret the violations of the equivalence principle. Therefore, in...

  18. The accident of stereotaxic radiosurgery at the University hospital center of Toulouse. Expert report n.2. Dosimetric and clinical evaluation. Risk analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The regional center of stereotaxic radiosurgery (C.R.R.S.) of the University hospital center (C.H.U.) of Toulouse is equipped since april 2006 with a Novalis accelerator (Brainlab) devoted to radiosurgery and intra skull stereotaxic radiotherapy.In april 2007, during an intercomparison of dosimetry files coming from various sites, the Brainlab society detects an anomaly. The analysis made by the society concludes to the use of an unsuited detector for the measurement of a dosimetry parameter during the accelerator initial calibration. Following this error, 145 patients (on 172 patients treated since the center opening) suffer of an overdose whom importance is variable. On the 26. june 2007 the Authority of nuclear safety (Asn) requires an expertise on the following points: checking of the experimental protocols of micro-beams calibration before and after correction of the dysfunction; analysis at the theoretical level of the neurological complications risk at long term for the exposed patients. The second point of this request is the subject of this report. It gives the synthesis of the whole of information, at the clinical and dosimetric level and outlines successively: the expertise methodology; the cohort of patients treated at the C.R.R.S.; the parameters of the risk analysis of neurological complications; the different risk analysis according the pathologies treated at the C.R.R.S.; the recommendations. (N.C.)

  19. Ulcere de Marjolin: complication redoutable des sequelles de brûlures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouahbi, S.; Droussi, H.; Boukind, S.; Dlimi, M.; Elatiqi, O.K.; Elamrani, M.D.; Benchamkha, Y.; Ettalbi, S.

    2013-01-01

    Summary L’ulcère de Marjolin désigne la transformation maligne d’une cicatrice de brûlure ou de toute autre plaie ou ulcération chronique. Le type histologique prédominant reste le carcinome épidermoïde, et il est caractérisé par son agressivité locale, des métastases plus fréquentes, un risque de récurrence et une mortalité plus importante que les carcinomes épidermoïdes classiques. Notre travail est une étude rétrospective portant sur 21 cas d’ulcère de Marjolin, colligés au service de chirurgie plastique du CHU Mohammed VI de Marrakech, avec pour but de relever les aspects épidémiologiques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de cette pathologie. L’amélioration du pronostic nécessite non seulement un diagnostic et un traitement précoce, mais surtout une attitude préventive qui consiste en des greffes cutanées précoces et des soins réguliers de toute cicatrice de brûlure. PMID:24799850

  20. Carcinoid tumor of the appendix: A consecutive series from 1237 appendectomies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vincent Tchana-Sato; Arnaud De Roover; Michel Meurisse; Pierre Honoré; Olivier Detry; Marc Polus; Albert Thiry; Bernard Detroz; Sylvie Maweja; Etienne Hamoir; Thierry Defechereux; Carla Coimbra

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To report the experience of the CHU Sart Tilman,appendiceal carinoid tumor.METHODS: A retrospective review of 1237 appendectomies performed in one single centre from January 2000 to May 2004, was undertaken. Analysis of demographic data, clinical presentation, histopathology, operative reports and outcome was presented.RESULTS: Among the 1237 appendectomies, 5 appendiceal carcinoid tumors were identified (0.4%) in 4 male and 1 female patients, with a mean age of 29.2 years (range: 6-82 years). Acute appendicitis was the clinical presentation for all patients. Four patients underwent open appendectomy and one a laparoscopic procedure.One patient was reoperated to complete the excision of mesoappendix. All tumors were located at the tip of the appendix with a mean diameter of 0.6 cm (range: 0.3-1.0cm). No adjuvant therapy was performed. All patients were alive and disease-free during a mean follow-up of 33 mo.CONCLUSION: Appendiceal carcinoid tumor most often presents as appendicitis. In most cases, it is found incidentally during appendectomies and its diagnosis is rarely suspected before histological examination. Appendiceal carcinoid tumor can be managed by simple appendectomy and resection of the mesoappendix, if its size is ≤ 1cm.

  1. Impact of Financial Meltdown on the Relationship Between Dividend Policy and Shareholders’ Wealth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandanam Gejalakshmi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Dividend policy (DP is considered one of the major decisions of the corporate firms regarding how much earnings could be paid as dividend. Such a DP will greatly influence the shareholders’ wealth (SW. Hence, the objective of the paper is to analyze the impact of DP on SW of Basic Material Sector in India. Out of 29 firms listed on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE, 13 firms that have been paying dividend consecutively for the past ten years are considered for analysis. Besides descriptive statistics, Augmented Dickey Fuller Test (ADF, Levin, Lin, and Chu (LLC t-test, Philip Perron (PP Fisher Chi-square test, Im-Pesaran-Shin W (IPS-W and Breitung test are used to test whether the data are stationary and to satisfy one pre-condition for co-integration Johansen Co-integration test is used. Regression and Chow test are also applied. The results of the co-integration test proves that there exists a stationary, long-run relationship between dividend per share (DPS as well as dividend yield (DY with SW. Regression result proves that DP has significant impact on sw and the Chow test result proves that the impact of DP on SW of Basic Material sector has been significantly affected by the event, financial meltdown.

  2. Numerical study of the properties of optical vortex array laser tweezers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Chun-Fu; Chu, Shu-Chun

    2013-11-01

    Chu et al. constructed a kind of Ince-Gaussian modes (IGM)-based vortex array laser beams consisting of p x p embedded optical vortexes from Ince-Gaussian modes, IG(e)(p,p) modes [Opt. Express 16, 19934 (2008)]. Such an IGM-based vortex array laser beams maintains its vortex array profile during both propagation and focusing, and is applicable to optical tweezers. This study uses the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) method to study the properties of the IGM-based vortex array laser tweezers while it traps dielectric particles. This study calculates the resultant force exerted on the spherical dielectric particles of different sizes situated at the IGM-based vortex array laser beam waist. Numerical results show that the number of trapping spots of a structure light (i.e. IGM-based vortex laser beam), is depended on the relation between the trapped particle size and the structure light beam size. While the trapped particle is small comparing to the beam size of the IGM-based vortex array laser beams, the IGM-based vortex array laser beams tweezers are suitable for multiple traps. Conversely, the tweezers is suitable for single traps. The results of this study is useful to the future development of the vortex array laser tweezers applications.

  3. Three dimensional boundary element solutions for eddy current nondestructive evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ming; Song, Jiming; Nakagawa, Norio

    2014-02-01

    The boundary integral equations (BIE) method is a numerical computational method of solving linear partial differential equations which have been formulated as integral equations. It can be applied in many areas of engineering and science including fluid mechanics, acoustics, electromagnetics, and fracture mechanics. The eddy current problem is formulated by the BIE and discretized into matrix equations by the method of moments (MoM) or the boundary element method (BEM). The three dimensional arbitrarily shaped objects are described by a number of triangular patches. The Stratton-Chu formulation is specialized for the conductive medium. The equivalent electric and magnetic surface currents are expanded in terms of Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) vector basis function while the normal component of magnetic field is expanded in terms of the pulse basis function. Also, a low frequency approximation is applied in the external medium. Additionally, we introduce Auld's impedance formulas to calculate impedance variation. There are very good agreements between numerical results and those from theory and/or experiments for a finite cross-section above a wedge.

  4. Cultural characteristics of chromium resistant unicellular cyanobacteria isolated from local environment in Pakistan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Many unicellular cyanobacteria were isolated from different places: fields, ponds, polluted water, and soils from Muredkey and Kasur tannery areas, near Lahore, Pakistan. Different media like BG 11 medium, Bold Basal medium, Chu's # 10 medium and Gorham's medium, in standard forms and with slight variations of ingredients, and different pH, temperature and light regimes were checked for the optimum growth of the isolates. The isolation procedure was repeated with different concentrations of chromium to select the resistant strains. These selected strains grew on chromium of the range 100-200 μg/ml in BG 11 medium. Cyanobacteria were maintained in solid and liquid media with/without shaking. Cyanobacterial strains were collected from natural habitats that were accompanied by a diversified group of organisms including bacteria, protozoan, and rotifers etc. In order to eliminate these agents termed as contaminants, we used several methods including phenol treatment, use of antibiotic and careful manual picking of unicellular cyanobacteria. Resistance of these strains against different heavy metals (ZnSO4, MnSO4,NiSO4, CoCl2, Pb(NO3)3, CuSO4, HgCl2, AgNO3 and CdCl2) and antibiotics (erythromycin, streptomycin, kanamycin,chloramphenicol, neomycin) was evaluated. Optimum temperature was 30℃ with variable pH for the reduction of Cr6+ in to Cr3+ in majority of strains.

  5. Carcinome épidermoïde du sein: à propos de 3cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaoui, Fatima Zohra Fdili; Benkirane, Saad; Chaara, Hekmat; Bouguern, Hakima; Melhouf, Moulay Abdilah

    2012-01-01

    Les carcinomes épidermoides du sein sont rares. Ils sont d'origine métaplasiques. Leur histogénèse est controversée. La présentation clinique et mammographique n'est pas spécifique, l'aspect kystisé des lésions et la présence de nécrose sont recherchés à l’échographie mammaire. Le diagnostic est histologique. Ce cancer est réputé être peu lymphophile et non hormonodépendant. Le traitement rejoint celui des carcinomes infiltrants canalaires et repose sur la chirurgie, la radiothérapie et la chimiothérapie. Le pronostic est péjoratif. Nous rapportons trois cas de carcinome épidermoide du sein colligés au service de Gynécologie obstétrique II au CHU Hassan II de Fès et une revue de la littérature. PMID:22891096

  6. Helicobacter pylori Genotypes Associated with Gastric Histo-Pathological Damages in a Moroccan Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaoui Boukhris, Samia; Amarti, Afaf; El Rhazi, Karima; El Khadir, Mounia; Benajah, Dafr-Allah; Ibrahimi, Sidi Adil; Nejjari, Chakib; Mahmoud, Mustapha; Souleimani, Abdellah; Bennani, Bahia

    2013-01-01

    H. pylori persistent infection induces chronic gastritis and is associated with peptic ulcer disease and gastric carcinoma development. The severity of these diseases is related to human’s genetic diversity, H. pylori genetic variability and environmental factors. To identify the prevalence of histo-pathological damages caused by H. pylori infection in Moroccan population, and to determine their association to H. pylori genotypes, a prospective study has been conducted during 3 years on patients attending the gastroenterology department of Hassan II University Hospital (CHU) of Fez, Morocco. A total of 801 Moroccan adults’ patients were recruited; H. pylori was diagnosed and genotyped by PCR in biopsy specimens and histological exam was performed. We found a high rate of glandular atrophy. Chronic inflammation, neutrophil activity and glandular atrophy showed statistically significant association with H. pylori infection. However, intestinal metaplasia was inversely associated to this infection and no association was observed with gastric cancer cases. A statistically significant association was found between intestinal metaplasia and vacAs1 and vac Am1 genotypes in patients aged 50 years and more but not in younger. This last genotype is also associated to gastric cancer. In this study, gastric cancer showed no significant association with H. pylori. Further studies are warranted to determine the role of other etiological agents such as Epstein-Barr virus, human papillomavirus and possibly environmental and dietetic factors in the occurrence of this pathology. PMID:24349327

  7. Bioclogging and Biocementation in Construction of Water Pond in Sand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, J.; Ivanov, V.; Stabnikov, V.; Li, B.

    2012-12-01

    Conventionally, compacted bentonite, geosynthetic clay liner or plastic liners are used to seal ponds, channels, and reservoirs in sand. Recently, a new approach to form a low permeability layer of several centimetres thick through the microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) process has been developed (Chu et al., 2012). This method has been adopted to build a laboratory scale water pond model in sand. Calcium solution for bioclogging and biocementation was supplied initially by spaying to form a layer of the clogged sand by precipitation in the pores and then by slow percolation from solution above sand surface, which formed a crust of calcite. This combination of bioclogging and biocementation formed a sand layer of 1 - 3 cm depth with low permeability. The permeability of sand after this treatment was reduced from the order of 10^-4 m/s to 10^-7 m/s when an average 2.1 kg of Ca per m^2 of sand surface was precipitated. The bending strengths of the walls and the base of the model pond were in the range of 90 to 256 kPa. The unconfined compressive strengths obtained from samples from the walls and the base were in the range of 215 to 932 kPa. The graded sand and uniform supply of calcium solution were used for the model pond construction but it was significant spatial three-dimensional heterogeneity of sand bioclogging and biocementation.

  8. Research on the Artistic Characteristics of Hakka Folk Songs in Sanming%试论三明客家民歌的艺术特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖登明

    2012-01-01

    Hakka musical cultures in Sanming with the characteristics of south mountain village is the inheritance and accumulation of Central Plains cultures in China and is also the crystallization of intersection,fusion and evolution from the cultures of Central Plains,Chu,Wu Yue and other aborigines as well.Hakka folk song are unique in artistic origin,musical type,theme characteristic and artistic techniques,which reflects the life visage such as history,society and farming of Sanming region from different angles and expresses the inner emotion and aspiration of hakka in Sanming.%三明客家音乐文化是我国中原文化的传承和积淀,是中原文化、荆楚文化、吴越文化和其他文化的交汇、融合和流变的结晶,具有南方山乡特色。三明客家民歌的艺术渊源、音乐类型、题材特点、艺术手法独具特色,从不同角度反映了三明地域的历史、社会、农耕生活等面貌,抒发了三明客家人内心的情感和愿望。

  9. Traditional Chinese Medicine and herbal hepatotoxicity: a tabular compilation of reported cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschke, Rolf; Zhang, Li; Long, Hongzhu; Schwarzenboeck, Alexander; Schmidt-Taenzer, Wolfgang; Genthner, Alexander; Wolff, Albrecht; Frenzel, Christian; Schulze, Johannes; Eickhoff, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) with its focus on herbal use became popular worldwide. Treatment was perceived as safe, with neglect of rare adverse reactions including liver injury. To compile worldwide cases of liver injury by herbal TCM, we undertook a selective literature search in the PubMed database and searched for the items Traditional Chinese Medicine, TCM, Traditional Asian Medicine, and Traditional Oriental Medicine, also combined with the terms herbal hepatotoxicity or herb induced liver injury. The search focused primarily on English-language case reports, case series, and clinical reviews. We identified reported hepatotoxicity cases in 77 relevant publications with 57 different herbs and herbal mixtures of TCM, which were further analyzed for causality by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) scale, positive reexposure test results, or both. Causality was established for 28/57 different herbs or herbal mixtures, Bai Xian Pi, Bo He, Ci Wu Jia, Chuan Lian Zi, Da Huang, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Huang Qin, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Xue Cao, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Jiguja, Kudzu, Ling Yang Qing Fei Keli, Lu Cha, Rhen Shen, Ma Huang, Shou Wu Pian, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Syo Saiko To, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, and Zhen Chu Cao. In conclusion, this compilation of liver injury cases establishes causality for 28/57 different TCM herbs and herbal mixtures, aiding diagnosis for physicians who care for patients with liver disease possibly related to herbal TCM. PMID:25536637

  10. 《水浒传》前缀系统计量研究%The Calculative Study of the Prefix System in Water Margin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡芳芳

    2012-01-01

    The prefix system in Water Margin consists of seven members "Lao", "Da", "Di", "Sheng", "Xiao", "Chu", "A". They are described by the method of calculation from the three aspects of phonetic form, internal structure and semantic category. The main goal is to display the essential characteristics of prefix system in Water Margin. Firstly, derivatives organized by prefixes are mainly disyllables. Secondly, the majority of stems attached by prefixes are noun, adjective, numeral and verb. Thirdly, the meanings of prefixes turn unobvious and stems play an important role in the whole meaning of words.%《水浒传》前缀系统成员有“老”“打”“第”“生”“小”“初”“阿”等7个,从语音形式、内部结构和语义类别三个方面运用计量统计方法对它们进行静态描写,主要目的是勾勒出《水浒传》前缀使用的基本特点:由前缀构成的附加式词多为双音节词;前缀黏附的词根以名词、形容词、数词、动词为主;语义多已虚化,词义由词根承担。

  11. Cellulose as Sustainable Materials for Separation Membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Benjamin

    2013-03-01

    Polysaccharides, while complex, form one of the most abundant sustainable resources on earth. We want to take advantage of fundamental advances in materials understanding across length and time scales to investigate the interrelationships between structure, morphology, processing, properties, performance, and cost to meet the specific challenges arising from separation membranes for water purification. Non-woven fiber mats have unique properties, such as interconnected pores, a very large surface-to-volume ratio, and a high capacity for surface modifications. The breakthrough concept of combining fibrous mats composed of different fiber diameters for fabricating scaffolds as a unique platform for water purification is presented. Further, we take advantage of recent advances in chemical modifications, structural studies using synchrotron X-rays, and physical scale-up transformations to drastically improve filtration membrane development. Support of this work by the NSF, ONR, NIH and Stony Brook Univ. is gratefully acknowledged. The Chu/Hsiao group on water purification includes Profs. B.S.Hsiao and C.Burger, Drs. H-Y.Ma, D-F.Fang, R.Wang, and grad students: X.Wang, Z. Wang, Y.Su, R. Yang

  12. Caracterização do grânulo de amido de bananas (Musa AAA-Nanicão e Musa AAB-Terra Characterization of starch granules from bananas Musa AAA-Nanicão and Musa AAB-Terra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C.J. Freitas

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O amido de bananas tem sido pesquisado na área de nutrição a partir da introdução do conceito de Amido Resistente. O amido de Musa AAA-Nanicão e Musa AAB-Terra foram caracterizados quanto as suas respostas fisiológicas [12]. Em continuidade, o presente trabalho estudou características físicas e morfológicas dos grânulos de amido de ambas as espécies de banana comparando-as com amido nativo de milho comercial. O amido de bananas foi extraído segundo CHIANG, CHU & CHU [3]. A morfologia dos grânulos foi realizada após tratamento enzimático in vitro a 37°C/24h com alfa-amilase pancreática. Foram efetuados os respectivos amilogramas e difractogramas de raios-X. Os grânulos de amido da Musa Tipo AAA-Nanicão apresentaram comprimento entre 30-40µm. Em Musa AAB-Terra, os grânulos, também ovais e alongados, eram um pouco menores, 20-30µm. A corrosão enzimática in vitro iniciava-se sobre a superfície anteriormente lisa e formavam estrias superficiais e apicais. A Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV mostrou que a hidrólise in vitro por 24 horas foi pequena e ocorria sobretudo nas camadas amorfas dos grânulos de ambas as espécies. O padrão de corrosão demonstrou-se distinto daquele ocorrido no amido de milho. As suspensões de amido de bananas ao viscosímetro demonstraram forte capacidade de hidratação e menor capacidade de retrogradação em relação ao milho, sobretudo do amido de Musa Tipo AAA-Nanicão; o amido de Musa Tipo AAB-Terra apresentou maior estabilidade de pasta. Na análise de difração de raios-X, os grânulos de bananas apresentaram padrão tipo B e C para Musa Tipo AAA-Nanicão e Musa Tipo AAB-Terra, respectivamente. Conclui-se que os amidos de Musa AAA-Nanicão e Musa AAB-Terra são estruturalmente distintos, justificando as respostas fisiológicas distintas encontradas posteriormente pelos mesmos autores. As distinções das propriedades físicas e bioquímicas obtidas para os grânulos, embora

  13. Progress of the Photovoltaic Technology Incubator Project Towards an Enhanced U.S. Manufacturing Base: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ullal, H.; Mitchell, R.; Keyes, B.; VanSant, K.; von Roedern, B.; Symko-Davies, M.; Kane, V.

    2011-07-01

    In this paper, we report on the major accomplishments of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP) Photovoltaic (PV) Technology Incubator project. The Incubator project facilitates a company's transition from developing a solar cell or PV module prototype to pilot- and large-scale U.S. manufacturing. The project targets small businesses that have demonstrated proof-of-concept devices or processes in the laboratory. Their success supports U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu's SunShot Initiative, which seeks to achieve PV technologies that are cost-competitive without subsidies at large scale with fossil-based energy sources by the end of this decade. The Incubator Project has enhanced U.S. PV manufacturing capacity and created more than 1200 clean energy jobs, resulting in an increase in American economic competitiveness. The investment raised to date by these PV Incubator companies as a result of DOE's $ 59 million investment totals nearly $ 1.3 billion.

  14. Separation of nucleation and growth of voids during tensile deformation of a dual phase steel using synchrotron microtomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Requena, Guillermo, E-mail: guillermo.requena@tuwien.ac.at [INSA-Lyon, MATEIS CNRS UMR5510, F-69621 Villeurbanne (France); Maire, Eric; Leguen, Claire [INSA-Lyon, MATEIS CNRS UMR5510, F-69621 Villeurbanne (France); Thuillier, Sandrine [LIMATB, Université de Bretagne-Sud, rue de Saint Maudé, BP 92116, 56321 Lorient Cedex (France)

    2014-01-01

    The damage evolution in a DP980 dual phase steel is followed in situ by synchrotron microtomography during tensile deformation focusing on the effect that the triaxiality, induced by different sample geometries, exerts on damage formation and damage evolution. The growth of existing voids is separated from the voids nucleated between consecutive deformation steps using three-dimensional image analysis. The experimental results are correlated with those obtained by finite element analysis using a Gurson–Tvergaard–Needleman framework with a Chu and Needleman formulation to introduce the effect of nucleation of cavities. A relatively simple way to determine the nucleation parameters is proposed based on the volume of nucleated voids obtained from the tomographies. The evolution of the total volume fraction of cavities obtained from the calculations shows a good agreement with the experiments for the notched samples and reflects the effect of triaxiality on damage. Contrarily to experiments, the calculated accumulated volume fraction of nucleated voids does not reflect the effect of triaxiality suggesting the necessity to implement this parameter in the nucleation model.

  15. 湖南考古的世纪回眸%A Review of Hunan Archaeology at the Turn of the Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何介钧

    2001-01-01

    Hunan is a province with abundant cultural relics and splendid ancient culture in South China. Since the founding of New China, archaeological work has vigorously grown across this region and has continuously obtained new fruits through its three major developmental stages. Spectacular achievements have been acquired in the understanding of Palaeolithic cultural groups, the study of cultural remains at the transitional stage between the Palaeolithic and Neolithic Age, the establishment of the pedigree of Neolithic archaeological cultures and research on early Neolithic cultures, the investigation of the origin of rice agriculture and prehistoric city-sites, the revelation of remains of archaeological cultures in Shang and Zhou times and the grouping of bronzes, the discovery and study of numerous tombs from the Chu and Han periods, and the archaeology of kiln-sites and the study of ceramics. At present, archaeological work in Hunan has reached the new stage when excavations and synthetic studies are carried out mainly around important archaeological problems. With the application of new techniques and the deepening of researches, it will certainly achieve more glorious success in the new century.

  16. Cancers in Togo from 1984 to 2008: Epidemiological and Pathological Aspects of 5251 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koffi Amégbor

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To describe the epidemiological and histological aspects of cancers in Togo. Materials and Methods. We made a retrospective review of the epidemiological and pathological features of cancers observed from 1984 to 2008 at the laboratory of pathology of CHU-TOKOIN in Lomé, Togo. Results. During our study period, we found 5251 cases of cancers with an annual average frequency of 210 cases. The sex ratio, male/female, was 0.9 and the average age of occurring was 45.3 years. This average age was 46.9 years for men and 43.8 years for women. The most frequent cancers for men were prostate cancer (12.9%, nonmelanoma skin cancer (10.4%, and gastric cancer (10.3%. For women it was breast cancer (27.1%, cervix cancer (11.2% and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (6.3%. Histologically, it was carcinomas in 68.1% of the cases, sarcomas in 11% of the cases and non-Hodgkin lymphomas in 12.6% of the cases. Children cancers were primarily Burkitt lymphoma (27.9% of cases and retinoblastoma (8.5% of cases. Conclusion. This study shows that cancers are frequent in Togo and emphasizes on the necessity of having a cancer register for the prevention and the control of this disease in Togo.

  17. Contained in the Han Dynasty"High Heirloom"%《汉志》所载《高祖传》考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹

    2015-01-01

    The high ancestral is described the emperor gaozu's words and deeds instant historical documentaries. It with"chu during the spring and autumn", "han zhao ji", "the book" and so on provides the shiji and hanshu history of qin and han period, because it has already been lost, the authors also unknown, this article through to the proliferation of textual research, and refer to shiji and hanshu, the historical data, to clarify when han ji and living chronicle note is not the same kind of material, deducing the picture record high ancestral, makes every effort to find the author of a high ancestral.%《高祖传》乃是记述汉高祖的言行即时记实史料。它与《楚汉春秋》、《汉著纪》、《世本》等为《史记》或《汉书》提供了秦、汉时期的史实,由于它早已亡佚,作者也鲜为人知,通过对其轶文的考证,并参考《史记》、《汉书》等史料,厘清两汉时著纪与起居注并非是同一种记事材料,推知《高祖传》非女史记录,力求找到《高祖传》的作者。

  18. [Failure of zirconia-based prostheses on natural teeth and implants: focus on risk factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupont, N; Koenig, V; Vanheusden, A; Mainjot, A

    2014-01-01

    Cohesive fracture of the veneering ceramic (chipping) is the first cause of failure of zirconia-based prostheses on natural teeth and implants. Besides risk factors related to the material (thermal stresses generated during the manufacturing process, framework inappropriate design), there are some clinical risk factors, which can influence the restoration prognosis. Indeed, unfavorable occlusal relationships and/or the presence of parafunctions such as bruxism and clenching, which are frequent pathologies, engender significant overloading. A retrospective study was performed at the University Hospital Center (CHU) of Liege on 147 dental and implants prostheses, placed between May 2003 and January 2012. This study highlighted a significant correlation between chipping and the absence of an occlusal nightguard (p = 0.0048), the presence of a ceramic restoration as an antagonist (p = 0.013), the presence of occlusal parafunctions (p = 0.018), and the presence of implants as support of the restorations (p = 0.026). These results underline the importance of external stress and occlusal risk factors diagnosis, as the need to perform an occlusal nightguard to patients with parafunctions. PMID:25796802

  19. Efficient Implementation of a Symbol Timing Estimator for Broadband PLC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nombela, Francisco; García, Enrique; Mateos, Raúl; Hernández, Álvaro

    2015-08-21

    Broadband Power Line Communications (PLC) have taken advantage of the research advances in multi-carrier modulations to mitigate frequency selective fading, and their adoption opens up a myriad of applications in the field of sensory and automation systems, multimedia connectivity or smart spaces. Nonetheless, the use of these multi-carrier modulations, such as Wavelet-OFDM, requires a highly accurate symbol timing estimation for reliably recovering of transmitted data. Furthermore, the PLC channel presents some particularities that prevent the direct use of previous synchronization algorithms proposed in wireless communication systems. Therefore more research effort should be involved in the design and implementation of novel and robust synchronization algorithms for PLC, thus enabling real-time synchronization. This paper proposes a symbol timing estimator for broadband PLC based on cross-correlation with multilevel complementary sequences or Zadoff-Chu sequences and its efficient implementation in a FPGA; the obtained results show a 90% of success rate in symbol timing estimation for a certain PLC channel model and a reduced resource consumption for its implementation in a Xilinx Kyntex FPGA.

  20. An Improved Statistical Solution for Global Seismicity by the HIST-ETAS Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, A.; Ogata, Y.; Katsura, K.

    2010-12-01

    For long-term global seismic model fitting, recent work by Chu et al. (2010) applied the spatial-temporal ETAS model (Ogata 1998) and analyzed global data partitioned into tectonic zones based on geophysical characteristics (Bird 2003), and it has shown tremendous improvements of model fitting compared with one overall global model. While the ordinary ETAS model assumes constant parameter values across the complete region analyzed, the hierarchical space-time ETAS model (HIST-ETAS, Ogata 2004) is a newly introduced approach by proposing regional distinctions of the parameters for more accurate seismic prediction. As the HIST-ETAS model has been fit to regional data of Japan (Ogata 2010), our work applies the model to describe global seismicity. Employing the Akaike's Bayesian Information Criterion (ABIC) as an assessment method, we compare the MLE results with zone divisions considered to results obtained by an overall global model. Location dependent parameters of the model and Gutenberg-Richter b-values are optimized, and seismological interpretations are discussed.

  1. A gold nanoshell with a silica inner shell synthesized using liposome templates for doxorubicin loading and near-infrared photothermal therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu CY

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Congyu Wu1, Cong Yu1, Maoquan Chu1,21School of Life Science and Technology, 2The Institute for Advanced Materials and Nano Biomedicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: Gold (Au nanoshells with solid silica cores have great potential for cancer photothermal therapy. However, this nanostructure cannot carry enough drugs. Here, we report a Au nanoshell with a hollow silica core for drug loading and cancer therapy. The silica shells were synthesized using nanoliposome templates, and then Au nanoshells were grown on the outer surface of the silica shells. Transmission-electron and scanning-electron microscopy showed that the Au nanoshells were successfully fabricated, and that the liposome/SiO2/Au core-shell nanocomposites were spherical with a narrow size distribution. Images of several broken spheres, and the fact that hollow templates (liposomes were used, suggest that the fabricated Au nanoshells were hollow. After doxorubicin (DOX was incorporated into liposome/SiO2/Au, the DOX-loaded Au nanoshells killed cancer cells with high therapeutic efficacy when irradiated with near-infrared light, suggesting that the Au nanoshells delivered both DOX chemotherapy and photothermal therapy with a synergistic effect.Keywords: gold nanoshell, liposome template, synthesis, doxorubicin, cancer therapy

  2. Insulin detemir in the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Philips

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Christophe Philips, André ScheenDivision of Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolic Disorders, Department of Medicine, CHU Sart-Tilman, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium Abstract: Insulin detemir is a soluble long-acting human insulin analogue at neutral pH with a unique mechanism of action. Following subcutaneous injection, insulin detemir binds to albumin via fatty acid chain, thereby providing slow absorption and a prolonged metabolic effect. Insulin detemir has a less variable pharmacokinetic profile than insulin suspension isophane or insulin ultralente. The use of insulin detemir can reduce the risk of hypoglycemia (especially nocturnal hypoglycemia in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. However, overall glycemic control, as assessed by glycated hemoglobin, is only marginally and not significantly improved compared with usual insulin therapy. The weight gain commonly associated with insulin therapy is rather limited when insulin detemir is used. In our experience, this new insulin analogue is preferably administrated at bedtime but can be proposed twice a day (in the morning and either before the dinner or at bedtime. Detemir is a promising option for basal insulin therapy in type 1 or type 2 diabetic patients.Keywords: diabetes mellitus, insulin detemir, hypoglycemia, insulin analogue, insulin therapy

  3. Local structural study of commercial grade MBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (M = Y and/or Gd) coated conductors by polarized Raman spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Hank Youl; Shin, Hae Young; Jin, Hye Jin; Jo, William; Yoon, Seok Hyun [Dept. of physics, Ewha Womans University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    In 1987, M. K. Wu and Paul Chu discovered Y{sub 1.2}Ba{sub 0.8}CuO{sub 4} (YBCO) with critical temperature (T{sub c}) of 93 K. It has significantly lowered the cost of cooling of a material up to the point where superconductivity set in. Utilizing the cost reduction of attaining superconductivity and the vast amount of research to understand characteristics of high temperature oxide superconducting materials, there has been effort to use a high temperature superconductor as a coated conductor. It is important to characterize the materials precisely for stable performance before commercializing. We used polarized Raman scattering spectroscopy to study structural and stoichiometric information regarding YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x}, GdYBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x}, and GdBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} produced by three leading groups of producing commercial grade high temperature superconductor coated conductors American Superconductor Corporation, Superpower, and SuNAM.

  4. Relativistic Effects in Atom and Neutron Interferometry and the Differences Between Them

    CERN Document Server

    Greenberger, Daniel M; Rasel, Ernst M

    2012-01-01

    In recent years there has been an enormous progress in matter wave interferometry. The Colella- Overhauser-Werner (COW) type of neutron interferometer and the Kasevich-Chu (K-C) atom interferometer, are the prototype of such devices and the issue of whether they are sensitive to relativistic effects has recently aroused much controversy. We examine the question of to what extent the gravitational red shift, and the related twin paradox effect can be seen in both of these atom and neutron interferometers. We point out an asymmetry between the two types of devices. Because of this, the non-vanishing, non-relativistic residue of both effects can be seen in the neutron interferometer, while in the K-C interferometer the effects cancel out, leaving no residue, although they could be present in other types of atom interferometers. Also, the necessary shifting of the laser frequency (chirping) in the atom interferometer effectively changes the laboratory into a free-fall system, which could be exploited for other ex...

  5. Cultural characteristics of chromium resistant unicellular cyanobacteria isolated from local environment in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hameed, Abdul; Hasnain, Shahida

    2005-12-01

    Many unicellular cyanobacteria were isolated from different places: fields, ponds, polluted water, and soils from Muredkey and Kasur tannery areas, near Lahore, Pakistan. Different media like BG 11 medium, Bold Basal medium, Chu's #10 medium and Gorham's medium, in standard forms and with slight variations of ingredients, and different pH, temperature and light regimes were checked for the optimum growth of the isolates. The isolation procedure was repeated with different concentrations of chromium to select the resistant strains. These selected strains grew on chromium of the range 100-200 μg/ml in BG 11 medium. Cyanobacteria were maintained in solid and liquid media with/without shaking. Cyanobacterial strains were collected from natural habitats that were accompanied by a diversified group of organisms including bacteria, protozoan, and rotifers etc. In order to eliminate these agents termed as contaminants, we used several methods including phenol treatment, use of antibiotic and careful manual picking of unicellular cyanobacteria. Resistance of these strains against different heavy metals (ZnSO4, MnSO4, NiSO4, CoCl2, Pb(NO3)3, CuSO4, HgCl2, AgNO3 and CdCl2) and antibiotics (erythromycin, streptomycin, kanamyci chloramphenicol, neomycin) was evaluated. Optimum temperature was 30°C with variable pH for the reduction of Cr6+ in to Cr3+ in majority of strains.

  6. Water and Environment News, No. 30, April 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a part of the IAEA Director General?s thematic focus on water during 2011, a Scientific Forum on water was convened during the annual IAEA General Conference. The Forum provided insights into the world's water problems and highlighted the role that nuclear techniques can play in key issues. The US Secretary of Energy and Nobel prize winner Steven Chu illustrated how isotope hydrology is a valuable tool to manage water resources and understand climate change. Besides the Scientific Forum, this edition of the newsletter focuses on improving the quality of isotope measurements. The IAEA has been conducting periodic comparisons of analysis of blind samples by laboratories worldwide for over 40 years. In the area of stable isotopes, an inter-laboratory comparison was held with double the number of participating laboratories compared to the last exercise in 2002. There was also increased interest in the application of environmental isotopes in other disciplines where tracing the origin of water is useful. Increases both in the number of laboratories and areas of application are mainly due to the revolution brought about by relatively easy to use and lower cost laser spectroscopic analysis techniques. The IAEA has played a significant role in facilitating the widespread use of laser machines during the testing and adaptation phases and now through the provision of these machines to nearly forty Member States

  7. Phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli strains isolated from human samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdollah Derakhshandeh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Escherichia coli (E. coli is a normal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract of vertebrates, including humans. Phylogenetic analysis has shown that E. coli is composed of four main phylogenetic groups (A, B1, B2 and D. Group A and B1 are generally associated with commensals, whereas group B2 is associated with extra-intestinal pathotypes. Most enteropathogenic isolates, however, are assigned to group D. In the present study, a total of 102 E. coli strains, isolated from human samples, were used. Phylogenetic grouping was done based on the Clermont triplex PCR method using primers targeted at three genetic markers, chuA, yjaA and TspE4.C2. Group A contained the majority of the collected isolates (69 isolates, 67.64%, followed by group B2 (18 isolates, 17.64% and D (15 isolates, 14.7% and no strains were found to belong to group B1. The distribution of phylogenetic groups in our study suggests that although the majority of strains were commensals, the prevalence of enteropathogenic and extra-intestinal pathotypes was noteworthy. Therefore, the role of E. coli in human infections including diarrhea, urinary tract infections and meningitis should be considered.

  8. From the Perspective of Foreign Words to View the Foreign Culture Factors of Early Qin Dynasty%从屈赋外来词看先秦中国的域外文化因子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋亦箫; 刘琴

    2014-01-01

    Starting with the foreign words in the Qu Fu, the source of the foreign words is analyzed, which can prove that at the age of Qu Yuan, the foreign culture has obvious impact on Qu Yuan, the culture of Chu, and even to the whole Chinese culture. The source is from both the Babylonia culture and Greek and Indian Culture. As a result, at the age of Qu Yuan, the myth and culture factors for the Babylonia, Greek and Indian are understood, which have went into the knowledge of Qu Yuan and his works.%文章从屈赋中的外来词着手,分析这些外来词的来源,借以证明至迟在屈原时代,域外文化对屈原、楚文化乃至中国文化,就有过明显的影响。其影响的源头,既有西亚巴比伦文化,也有希腊文化和印度文化。因此,在屈原时代,透过屈赋,可确知来自域外的巴比伦、希腊、印度的神话和文化因子,已经进入了屈原的知识视野并被写进屈原的楚辞中。

  9. Report from the Second International Conference of Traditional and Complementary Medicine on Health 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isidoro, Ciro; Huang, Chia-Chi; Sheen, Lee-Yan

    2016-01-01

    The Second International Conference of Traditional and Complementary Medicine on Health was held from October 24th through 27th at the GIS National Taiwan University Convention Center in Taipei. Twenty-seven invited speakers, representative of fourteen Countries, delivered their lecture in front of an audience of more than two hundreds of attendees. In addition, a poster exhibition with seventy-two presenters completed the scientific sessions. The leitmotif of the Conference was to promote a common platform in which all medical knowledge is integrated to improve the health care system. Traditional medicine and complementary medicine are characterized by a holistic approach to prevent and cure diseases, making use of natural products and/or physical manipulations. In this context, the Conference emphasized the importance of the Quality Control and of standardized methods for the authentication, preparation and characterization of the herbal products and nutrient supplements, as well as the need for controlled clinical trials and for experimental studies to demonstrate the efficacy and to understand the underlying mechanisms of the preventive and curative treatments. In this report, we highlight the novel findings and the perspectives in Traditional and Complementary Medicine (TCM; 傳統暨互補醫學 chuán tǒng jì hù bǔ yī xué) that emerged during the conference. PMID:26870692

  10. 《满族文学史》编纂特征探析%Compilation Features of The History of Manchu Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨一男

    2015-01-01

    根据编纂学角度审视《满族文学史》,回顾其国家行为与集体行为相结合的编写筹备工作。指出《满族文学史》的分期方法为“朝代法”,作家文学选择比例较大,评价立场以马克思主义思想为基本立足点等编纂特征,同时也论及本书过分看重社会思想性等问题。%From the perspective of compilation, this paper makes a survey of The History of Man-chu Literature, reviews the writing and preparatory work based on state acts and collective acts, points out that the approach to the period division for The History of Manchu Literature is dynasty-oriented;that literature authors account for a larger proportion of the selected works;and the evaluation position is based on Marxism. Problems and retrospection on the compilation are also discussed.

  11. Temperature dependence of the internal dynamics of a protein in an aqueous solvent: Decoupling from the solvent viscosity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► LiCl enables low-temperature proteins studies in aqueous solutions without freezing. ► Glass transition temperature of aqueous solvent is unaffected by lithium chloride. ► Solvent viscosity governs global dynamics of lysozyme down to glass transition arrest. ► Lysozyme internal dynamics is decoupled showing dynamic arrest at higher temperatures. - Abstract: We have recently observed decoupling of the dynamics of a protein from its aqueous solvent [Chu et al., JPCL 3 (2012) 380]; here we report the more detailed studies. We analyzed quasielastic neutron scattering data from a 40 mg/ml solution of lysozyme in (D2O)8(LiCl) and (H2O)8(LiCl). The internal dynamics of lysozyme exhibited super-Arrhenius temperature dependence with no crossover to a different regime down to at least 200 K. The decoupling of the internal protein dynamics from the viscosity of its aqueous solvent is evident. The temperature dependence of the protein dynamics indicates an apparent dynamic arrest at a temperature above 190 K, whereas the glass transition temperature for the solvent is around 135–140 K. The internal dynamics of the solvated protein is coupled to the dynamics of its hydration shell, not of the bulk solvent, which is qualitatively altered by the salt to defer the dynamic arrest to 135–140 K

  12. Using light-switching molecules to modulate charge mobility in a quantum dot array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Iek-Heng; Trinastic, Jonathan; Wang, Lin-Wang; Cheng, Hai-Ping

    2014-03-01

    We have studied the electron hopping in a two-CdSe quantum dot (QD) system linked by an azobenzene-derived light-switching molecule. This system can be considered as a prototype of a QD supercrystal. Following the computational strategies given in our recent work [I.-H. Chu et al., J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 21409 (2011), 10.1021/jp206526s], we have investigated the effects of molecular attachment, molecular isomer (trans and cis), and QD size on the electron hopping rate using Marcus theory. Our results indicate that molecular attachment has a large impact on the system for both isomers. In the most energetically favorable attachment, the cis isomer provides significantly greater coupling between the two QDs and hence the electron hopping rate is greater compared to the trans isomer. As a result, the carrier mobility of the QD array in the low carrier density, weak external electric-field regime is several orders of magnitude higher in the cis compared to the trans configuration. This demonstration of mobility modulation using QDs and azobenzene could lead to an alternative type of switching device.

  13. [Evaluation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment in Ivory Coast from 2008 to 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahui, B J-M; Horo, K; Bakayoko, A S; Kouassi, A B; Anon, J C; Brou-Gode, V C; Koffi, M O; Itchy, M V; N'Gom, A S; N'Goran, N B; Aka-Danguy, E

    2013-12-01

    This is a retrospective study conducted from January 2008 to December 2010 on sectional descriptive analysis of records of patients treated for MDR-TB and whose follow-up was in the thoracic department of Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) of Cocody in Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire. We selected eight patients who met the inclusion criteria of 21 MDR-TB patients registered during the study period. The average age was 29.25years ranging from 21 to 39. Males accounted for 75% of the patients (6 males and 2 females). The students represented the professional social layer most affected with 37.5% of the patients. All patients had a history of tuberculosis and only one patient was HIV positive under anti-retroviral (zidovudin, lamivudin and efavirenz). All cultures found Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The resistance profile in addition to isoniazid and rifampicin, found two cases of resistance to ethambutol and streptomycin. The chest radiograph at the time of initiation of second-line treatment showed essentially excavations in 75% of cases and infiltrates in 25%. The lesions were bilateral in 7 of 8 patients (87.5%). The main side effects observed during treatment were limited to cochleovestibular disorders (2 patients) and neuropsychiatric disorders (2 patients) and digestive disorders in half of the patients with removal of the offending molecule kanamycin. After 24months of treatment, it was numbered five cures (62.5%), two failures and one death.

  14. 重庆巫山麦沱古墓群第二次发掘报告%THE SECOND EXCAVATION OF ANCIENT TOMBS AT MAITUO, WUSHAN, CHONGQING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹检顺; 谭远辉

    2005-01-01

    The first excavation at Maituo, Wushan, which revealed 19 tombs, basically clarified the cultural characteristics of the Han tombs in the cemetery and preliminarily established the periodization criteria for these tombs. Among the 13 tombs uncovered in the present second excavation besides four Han tombs, there are newly discovered burial types that belong to the Warring States, Southern Dynasties and Song. They provided new data for further research into the cultural features of this graveyard in different periods. The achievements in the present excavation consist mainly in the following two aspects,The first is the discovery of three tombs belonging to the late Warring States period. They represent the Chu cultural complex in an area dominated by the Qin State. The second is the revelation of an Eastern Han high-rank tomb in a good condition (M47). The tomb contains over 100 funeral objects, including objects in gold, silver, bronze and lacquer that reflect the tomb owner's wealth, as well as rare treasures of art, such as exquisite glazed pottery tombfigurines of dancers, lamps with toad-shaped stands, and large-sized pottery, tomb guardians, animals, human figures and statues of the Western Queen Mother that are represented in various positions. The unearthed pottery models of buildings, such as those of theatres and watchtowers delicate in workmanship and clear in layout, are valuable to studying Han architecture. These finds provide precious data for systematically studying Han period production technology, culture and art, building style, religion, and burial customs.

  15. Performance analysis of precoding-based asymmetrically clipped optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing wireless system in additive white Gaussian noise and indoor multipath channel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranjha, Bilal; Zhou, Zhou; Kavehrad, Mohsen

    2014-08-01

    We have compared the bit error rate (BER) performance of precoding-based asymmetrically clipped optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (ACO-OFDM) and pulse amplitude modulated discrete multitone (PAM-DMT) optical wireless (OW) systems in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and indoor multipath frequency selective channel. Simulation and analytical results show that precoding schemes such as discrete Fourier transform, discrete cosine transform, and Zadoff-Chu sequences do not affect the performance of the OW systems in the AWGN channel while they do reduce the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of the OFDM output signal. However, in a multipath indoor channel, using zero forcing frequency domain equalization precoding-based systems give better BER performance than their conventional counterparts. With additional clipping to further reduce the PAPR, precoding-based systems also show better BER performance compared to nonprecoded systems when clipped relative to the peak of nonprecoded systems. Therefore, precoding-based ACO-OFDM and PAM-DMT systems offer better BER performance, zero signaling overhead, and low PAPR compared to conventional systems.

  16. Effect of biologic agents on radiographic progression of rheumatoid arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel J Tobón

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel J Tobón1, Alain Saraux1,2, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec1,21Immunology Laboratory, Morvan Hospital, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France; 2Rheumatology Unit, Hôpital de la Cavale Blanche, CHU Brest, FranceAbstract: The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA has benefited over the last few years from the introduction of biologic agents whose development was based on new insights into the immunological factors involved in the pathogenesis of RA and the development of joint damage. These biological agents have been proven effective in RA patients with inadequate responses to synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs. Preventing joint damage is now the primary goal of RA treatment, and guidelines exist for the follow-up of joint abnormalities. Most biologic agents produced high clinical and radiological response rates in patients with established or recent-onset RA. Thus, for the first time, obtaining a remission is a reasonable treatment goal in RA patients. Factors that are crucial to joint damage control are: early initiation of DMARDs, use of intensive treatments including biological agents, and close monitoring of clinical disease activity and radiographic progression. However, some patients remain unresponsive to all available treatments and continue to experience joint damage progression. A major objective now is to identify patients at high risk for severe joint damage, in order to tailor the treatment regimen to their specific needs.Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, radiographic progression, biologics

  17. Analysis on Abnormal Cases of Medium Bus Bar Voltage Measurement in Converter Station%换流站中压直流母线电压测量异常分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁宜升; 徐根堂; 隋国平

    2016-01-01

    The measurement system photoelectric sensor fault create lfuctuation of the UdM between the high and low end valve group voltage busbar voltage in ChuXIONG-SuiDong DC engineering.And then valve group atresia by overvoltage protection action ,voltage control function abnormal response have happened.This paper analyzed the causes of abnormal measurement system and effective improved method was proposed.%根据楚穗直流工程多起因直流测量系统光电传感器故障,高低端阀组间中压母线电压UdM测量数据异常造成阀组过压保护动作闭锁、电压控制功能异常响应事件,分析了直流测量系统异常原因及其影响,提出了有效的改进方法。

  18. Restoring proximal caries lesions conservatively with tunnel restorations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chu CH

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Chun-Hung Chu1, May L Mei,1 Chloe Cheung,1 Romesh P Nalliah2 1Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The tunnel restoration has been suggested as a conservative alternative to the conventional box preparation for treating proximal caries. The main advantage of tunnel restoration over the conventional box or slot preparation includes being more conservative and increasing tooth integrity and strength by preserving the marginal ridge. However, tunnel restoration is technique-sensitive and can be particularly challenging for inexperienced restorative dentists. Recent advances in technology, such as the contemporary design of dental handpieces with advanced light-emitting diode (LED and handheld comfort, offer operative dentists better vision, illumination, and maneuverability. The use of magnifying loupes also enhances the visibility of the preparation. The advent of digital radiographic imaging has improved dental imaging and reduced radiation. The new generation of restorative materials has improved mechanical properties. Tunnel restoration can be an option to restore proximal caries if the dentist performs proper case selection and pays attention to the details of the restorative procedures. This paper describes the clinical technique of tunnel restoration and reviews the studies of tunnel restorations. Keywords: operative, practice, tunnel preparation, composite, amalgam, glass ionomer

  19. THE PHOENIX PROJECT: SHIFTING TO A SOLAR HYDROGEN ECONOMY BY 2020

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HARRY BRAUN

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The most serious energy, economic and environmental problems are related to the use of fossil and nuclear fuels, which are rapidly diminishing and highly polluting, and many distinguished atmospheric chemists, including Dr. James Hanson at NASA, Dr. Steven Chu, the director of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, and Professor Ralph Cicerone, president of the National Academy of Sciences have documented that climate changes are now occurring much faster than predicted just a few years ago. The methane hydrates in the oceans and the permafrost in vast areas of the Artic regions of Siberia, Alaska and Canada are now starting to rapidly melt, and given this could release 50 to 100 times more carbon into the atmosphere than is now generated from the burning of fossil fuels, humanity is rapidly approaching an exponential “tipping point” of no return. Given this sense of urgency, Hanson and others have warned that fossil fuels need to be phased-out by 2020 if irreversible damage to the earth’s climate and food production systems is to be avoided. The Phoenix Project plan seeks to do exactly that by mass-producing wind-powered hydrogen production systems and simply modifying all the existing vehicles and power plants to use the hydrogen made from the sun, wind and water.

  20. Quantum interference of single photons from two remote nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Michael; Sipahigil, Alp; Togan, Emre; Chu, Yiwen; Markham, Mark; Twitchen, Daniel; Zibrov, Alexander; Kubanek, Alexander; Lukin, Mikhail

    2012-06-01

    The interference of two identical photons impinging on a beam splitter leads to perfect photon coalescence where both photons leave through the same output port. This effect, known as Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) interference, can be used to characterize the properties of quantum emitters with high accuracy. This is a particularly useful tool for quantum emitters embedded in a solid state matrix because their internal properties, unlike those of atoms in free space, differ substantially from emitter to emitter due to strong interactions with the environment. HOM interference can also be used to generate optically mediated entanglement between two remote quantum emitters, a crucial step toward the development of long-distance quantum communication and scalable quantum computation architectures. Here, we demonstrate this interference effect with single photons emitted from two single Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) centers in diamond samples that are spatially separated by 2 meters [1]. The detuning of the photons can be tuned by applying a DC electric field to one NV center. We discuss current efforts toward optical entanglement of the two NV centers. [4pt] [1] A. Sipahigil, M. L. Goldman, E. Togan, Y. Chu, M. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, A. S. Zibrov, A. Kubanek, and M. D. Lukin, arXiv:1112.3975v1.