WorldWideScience

Sample records for chronic lateral epicondylitis

  1. Arthroscopic treatment for chronic lateral epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Barcellos Terra

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and functional results from arthroscopic release of the short radial extensor of the carpus (SREC in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis that was refractory to conservative treatment. METHODS: Over the period from January 2012 to November 2013, 15 patients underwent arthroscopic treatment. The surgical technique used was the one described by Romeo and Cohen, based on anatomical studies on cadavers. The inclusion criteria were that the patients needed to present lateral epicondylitis and that conservative treatment (analgesics, anti-inflammatory agents, corticoid infiltration or physiotherapy had failed over a period of more than six months. The patients were evaluated based on the elbow functional score of the Mayo Clinic, Nirschl's staging system and a visual analog scale (VAS for pain. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients (9 men and 6 women were included. The mean Mayo elbow functional score after the operation was 95 (ranging from 90 to 100. The pain VAS improved from a mean of 9.2 before the operation to 0.64 after the operation. On Nirschl's scale, the patients presented an improvement from a mean of 6.5 before the operation to approximately one. There were significant differences from before to after the surgery for the three functional scores used ( p 0.05. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic treatment for lateral epicondylitis was shown to be a safe and effective therapeutic option when appropriately indicated and performed, in refractory cases of chronic lateral epicondylitis. It also allowed excellent viewing of the joint space for diagnosing and treating associated pathological conditions, with a minimally invasive procedure.

  2. Autologous Blood Injection and Wrist Immobilisation for Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Massy-Westropp

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. This study explored the effect of autologous blood injection (with ultrasound guidance to the elbows of patients who had radiologically assessed degeneration of the origin of extensor carpi radialis brevis and failed cortisone injection/s to the lateral epicondylitis. Methods. This prospective longitudinal series involved preinjection assessment of pain, grip strength, and function, using the patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation. Patients were injected with blood from the contralateral limb and then wore a customised wrist support for five days, after which they commenced a stretching, strengthening, and massage programme with an occupational therapist. These patients were assessed after six months and then finally between 18 months and five years after injection, using the patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation. Results. Thirty-eight of 40 patients completed the study, showing significant improvement in pain; the worst pain decreased by two to five points out of a 10-point visual analogue for pain. Self-perceived function improved by 11–25 points out of 100. Women showed significant increase in grip, but men did not. Conclusions. Autologous blood injection improved pain and function in a worker’s compensation cohort of patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis, who had not had relief with cortisone injection.

  3. Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    .org Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) Page ( 1 ) Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondyliti s, is a painful condition of the elbow caused by overuse. Not surprisingly, playing tennis or other racquet sports can ...

  4. COMPARISON OF ACTIVE RELEASE TECHNIQUE AND MYOFASCIAL RELEASE TECHNIQUE ON PAIN, GRIP STRENGTH & FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parth Trivedi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Purpose: Lateral epicondylitis is the most common lesion of the elbow. Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is defined as a syndrome of pain in the wrist extensor muscles at or near their lateral epicondyle origin or pain directly over the lateral epicondyle. So, the aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Active Release Technique (ART and Myofascial Release Technique (MFR in the treatment of Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis (CLE. Methodology: The study included thirty-six patients with Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis of age group range between 30 to 45 years. Patients were randomly divided into three groups: Control Group (A, Active Release Technique Group (B and Myofascial Release Technique Group (C. The patients were treated for 4 weeks and three outcome measures: 0-10 NPRS, Hand Dynamometer and PRTEE were taken for assessment and analysis at baseline and after 4th weeks was done. Result: In this study the result showed that Active Release Technique and Myofascial Release Technique were effective in all three outcome measures when compared to Control Group. Myofascial Release Technique was more effective in improving grip strength & reducing pain & disability when compared to Active Release Technique.(p<0.05 Conclusion: Active Release Technique and Myofascial Release Technique are effective in patients with Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis. Myofascial Release Technique demonstrated better outcomes than Active Release Technique in the management of Chronic Lateral Epicondylitis.

  5. Widespread pain in chronic epicondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pienimäki, Tuomo; Siira, Pertti; Vanharanta, Heikki

    2011-10-01

    We studied the associations of widespread pain with other pain and functional measures among patients with chronic epicondylitis. A total of 190 patients (66% females) participated in the study; with a mean age 43.7, mean duration of symptoms 48weeks, chronic lateral (n=160) and medial (n=30) epicondylitis. We analysed clinical status, grip strength and cubital pain thresholds and interviewed pain and disability, leisure time physical activity, strenuous hobby activities for arms, duration of symptoms, other systemic and upper extremity disorders, arm operations, and work ability. The location of pain was analysed using a whole-body pain drawing, categorized into three groups; the highest of which was classified as widespread pain. A total of 85 patients (45%) reported widespread pain. It was highly associated with female gender, high pain scores, decreased grip strength and pain thresholds (p<0.001 for all), with increased number of positive manual tests, low level of hobby strain for arms and physical activity, long duration of symptoms, and sick leave (p for all <0.05). It was also related to upper extremity disorders and arm surgery, but not with operated epicondylitis, other systemic diseases, workload or work ability. In addition, 39% of patients without other disease reported widespread pain. Widespread pain is common in chronic epicondylitis with and without other diseases, and is related to high pain scores, decreased function of the arm, long duration of symptoms, sick leave, and with a low level of physical activity. PMID:21565536

  6. Percutaneous soft tissue release for treating chronic recurrent myofascial pain associated with lateral epicondylitis: 6 case studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ming-Ta; Chou, Li-Wei; Chen, Hsin-Shui; Kao, Mu-Jung

    2012-01-01

    Objective. The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the effectiveness of the percutaneous soft tissue release for the treatment of recurrent myofascial pain in the forearm due to recurrent lateral epicondylitis. Methods. Six patients with chronic recurrent pain in the forearm with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) due to chronic lateral epicondylitis were treated with percutaneous soft tissue release of Lin's technique. Pain intensity (measured with a numerical pain rating scale), pressure pain threshold (measured with a pressure algometer), and grasping strength (measured with a hand dynamometer) were assessed before, immediately after, and 3 months and 12 months after the treatment. Results. For every individual case, the pain intensity was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) and the pressure pain threshold and the grasping strength were significantly increased (P < 0.01) immediately after the treatment. This significant effectiveness lasts for at least one year. Conclusions. It is suggested that percutaneous soft tissue release can be used for treating chronic recurrent lateral epicondylitis to avoid recurrence, if other treatment, such as oral anti-inflammatory medicine, physical therapy, or local steroid injection, cannot control the recurrent pain.

  7. Percutaneous Soft Tissue Release for Treating Chronic Recurrent Myofascial Pain Associated with Lateral Epicondylitis: 6 Case Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Ta Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The purpose of this pilot study is to investigate the effectiveness of the percutaneous soft tissue release for the treatment of recurrent myofascial pain in the forearm due to recurrent lateral epicondylitis. Methods. Six patients with chronic recurrent pain in the forearm with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs due to chronic lateral epicondylitis were treated with percutaneous soft tissue release of Lin’s technique. Pain intensity (measured with a numerical pain rating scale, pressure pain threshold (measured with a pressure algometer, and grasping strength (measured with a hand dynamometer were assessed before, immediately after, and 3 months and 12 months after the treatment. Results. For every individual case, the pain intensity was significantly reduced (P<0.01 and the pressure pain threshold and the grasping strength were significantly increased (P<0.01 immediately after the treatment. This significant effectiveness lasts for at least one year. Conclusions. It is suggested that percutaneous soft tissue release can be used for treating chronic recurrent lateral epicondylitis to avoid recurrence, if other treatment, such as oral anti-inflammatory medicine, physical therapy, or local steroid injection, cannot control the recurrent pain.

  8. Ultrasonographic findings of lateral epicondylitis of humerus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Joon Hyuk; Ha, Doo Heo [Pundang CHA Univ., Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-03-01

    To evaluate the ultrasonographic findings of lateral epicondylitis and their relationship with clinical outcome. The findings of ultrasonographic examinations of eighteen elbow joints in 15 patients (M:F=5:10; age:38-65(mean, 47.6) years) with lateral epicondylitis were reviewed. Two patients underwent surgery, two were not treated, and the remaining 11 were treated conservatively. Symptomatic improvement was noted 1 week after conservative treatment in two cases, at 2 weeks in five cases, at 3 weeks in three cases, and at 5 weeks in one case. With patients in the 90 degree flexed elbow position and in a supinated wrist, weexamined the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) tendon around the lateral epicondyle using ultrasound equipment with a 7-11 MHz linear transducer. The findings were assessed in terms of swelling of the tendon, changes in its echotexture, the presence of calcification of cystic degeneration, loss of the hypoechoic band between the tendon and bony cortex of the lateral epicondyle, cortical irregularity of the lateral epicondyle, and fluid collection around the tendon. Any relationships between each ultrasonographic finding and the treatment interval after which symptomatic improvement was noted were evaluated. In the 18 joints, change was heterogeneous hypoechogenicity in 13, and heterogeneous mixed echogenicity in three. Other ultrasonographic findings were swelling of the tendon in ten cases, loss of the hypoechoic band in 14, cortical irregularity in five, calcification in four, cystic degeneration in nine, and fluid collection around the tendon in four. In patients treated conservatively, there was no statistically significant difference between each ultrasonographic finding and the treatment interval after which symptomatic improvement was noted. Ultrasonography can be used to assess changes in the ECRB tendon and lateral epicondyle occurring in lateral epicondylitis, but fails to provide information on the rapidity of symptomatic

  9. Platelet rich plasma versus laser therapy in lateral epicondylitis of elbow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyaneshwar Tonk

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: Treatment of patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis with PRP extract reduced pain and significantly increased function, exceeding the effect of low level laser therapy on long term followup. Low-level laser therapy is better in the short term period, but on long term followup injection PRP therapy is better than laser therapy in lateral epicondylitis.

  10. Dynamic extensor brace for lateral epicondylitis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faes, M.; Akker, B. van den; Lint, J.A. de; Kooloos, J.G.M.; Hopman, M.T.E.

    2006-01-01

    Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is a common, often disabling ailment. Based on the failure of current therapies, a new dynamic extensor brace has been developed. In this study, the effects of application of this brace for 3 months on the most important and disabling symptoms of patients with la

  11. Effect of Acupotomy Therapy on Lateral Epicondylitis Diagnosed by Ultrasonography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lim Nara

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This observation was to report the clinical effects of acupotomy in treating lateral epicondylitis. Methods: Three patients diagnosed with lateral epicondylitis were treated with acupotomy. Two were male and one was female. The improvement of symptom were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS and self-consciousness symptoms of Cozen test. Results: After one treatments, patient's chief complaint and the pain near the lateral epicondyle while cozen test were notably improved. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that oriental medical treatment with acuputomy therapy has significant effect in improving symptoms of lateral epicondylitis. As though we had not wide experienced in this treatment, more research is needed.

  12. Comparative effectiveness of injection therapies in lateral epicondylitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Thøger Persson; Bartels, Else Marie; Ellingsen, Torkell Juulsgaad;

    2013-01-01

    Injection therapy with glucocorticoids has been used since the 1950s as a treatment strategy for lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). Lately, several novel injection therapies have become available....

  13. Platelet rich plasma versus laser therapy in lateral epicondylitis of elbow

    OpenAIRE

    Gyaneshwar Tonk; Anish Kumar; Amit Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Background: Platelet rich plasma (PRP) extract has shown to be a general stimulation for repair and currently used widely in various sports injury. A prospective observational study was done to assess the efficacy of autologous PRP injection in lateral epicondylitis of elbow, and compare the result with low level laser therapy. Materials and Methods: The trial was conducted at a tertiary care center for a period of 2 years. Eighty-one patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis were divid...

  14. Autologus Blood Injection for Recurrent Lateral Epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dehghani, M.D.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: Tennis elbow is a common complaint. Several treatment strategies, such as corticosteroid injections and physical terapy and braces have been described with no predictable efficacy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively the result of refractory lateral epicondylitis with autologus blood injections.Materials and Methods: Twenty two patients with lateral epicondylitis were injected with 2 mL of autologous blood under the extensor carpi radialis brevis. All patients had failed the two previous non surgical treatments including all or combination of physical therapy, splintinge, non steroidal anti-inflammatory medication and prior steroid injection. The patients were evaluated with patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE.Results: The average fallow-up period was 7.3 months (range, 4-10mo. After autologus blood injection, the average pain score decreased from 43.7 to 9.1 (P-value < 0.001. The average functional score decreased from 42.4 to 10.1 (P-value <0.001.Conclusion: On the basis of this study, this minimally invasive treatment advocates refractory Tennis elbow.

  15. Common extensor origin release in recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis - role justified?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukundan Cibu

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of our study was to analyse the efficacy of operative management in recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis of elbow. Forty patients included in this study were referred by general practitioners with a diagnosis of tennis elbow to the orthopaedic department at a district general hospital over a five year period. All had two or more steroid injections at the tender spot, without permanent relief of pain. All subsequently underwent simple fasciotomy of the extensor origin. Of forty patients thirty five had improvement in pain and function, two had persistent symptoms and three did not perceive any improvement. Twenty five had excellent, ten had well, two had fair and three had poor outcomes (recurrent problem; pain at rest and night. Two patients underwent revision surgery. Majority of the patients had improvement in pain and function following operative treatment. In this study, an extensor fasciotomy was demonstrated to be an effective treatment for refractory chronic lateral epicondylitis; however, further studies are warranted.

  16. Lateral Ulnar Collateral ligament Lesions in patients with Lateral Epicondylitis: MR Imaging Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Farouk Aggag*and Ragy Tantawi Amin

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this work was to determine if a correlation between lateral epicondylitis and abnormalities of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament is found on MR imaging. Subjects and Methods. The Study group comprised 50 consecutive patients who were referred for MR imaging to rule out lateral epicondylitis. On MR imaging "lateral epicondylitis" was defined as increased signal intensity of the extensor tendons close to their insertion on the lateral epicondylitis. The severity of the lateral epicondylitis was graded as mild, moderate or severe. The origin of the lateral colleteral ligamantous complex was characterized and the lateral ulnar collateral ligament was normal, thickened, partially torn or torn. Sixteen patients underwent elbow surgery after the initial MR examination. Results. In 15 patients, MR imaging revealed characteristics of mild lateral epicondylitis. In 13 of these patients the lateral ulnar collateral ligament was normal. One patient showed a thickened lateral ulnar collateral ligament and one patient had a thinned ligament. In 17 patients, MR imaging showed features of moderate lateral epicondylitis. One patient had a thinned ligament feature of moderate lateral epicondylitis. In 14 of these patients, the lateral ulnar collateral ligament was thickened and in the remaining three patients, the ligament was normal All eighteen patients with severe lateral epicondylitis showed abnormalities of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament on MR imaging. In two of these patients, the lateral ulnar collateral ligament was thickened. In Six patients we saw a partial tear, and in the remaining ten patients we saw a complete tear of the ligament. Conclusion. In our study, MR imaging features of lateral epicondylitis were offen associated with thickening and tear of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament and the frequency and severity of lateral ulnar collatered ligament lesions were directly related the severity (degree of lateral

  17. Acupuncture for Lateral Epicondylitis: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongzhi Tang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for lateral epicondylitis (LE. Methods. Seven databases and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform Search Portal were searched to identify relevant studies. The data were extracted and assessed by two independent authors, and Review Manager Software (V.5.3 was used for data synthesis with effect estimate presented as standard mean difference (SMD and mean difference (MD with a 95% confidence interval. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE was used to assess the level of evidence. Results. Four RCTs with 309 participants were included with poor methodological quality. Participants who received acupuncture and acupuncture plus moxibustion with material insulation were likely to have an improvement in elbow functional status and/or myodynamia. The overall quality rated by GRADE was from very low to low. Two studies reported that the needle pain would be the main reason for the dropout. Conclusion. For the small number of included studies with poor methodological quality, no firm conclusion can be drawn regarding the effect of acupuncture of elbow functional status and myodynamia for LE. This trial is registered with CRD42015016199.

  18. An alternative approach to treating lateral epicondylitis. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nourbakhsh, Mohammad Reza; Fearon, Frank J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of noxious level electrical stimulation on pain, grip strength and functional abilities in subjects with chronic lateral epicondylitis. Design: Randomized, placebo-control, double-blinded study. Setting: Physical Therapy Department, North Georgia College and Stat

  19. Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis With Platelet-Rich Plasma, Glucocorticoid, or Saline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Thøger Persson; Fredberg, Ulrich; Stengaard-Pedersen, Kristian;

    2013-01-01

    Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is a common musculoskeletal disorder for which an effective treatment strategy remains unknown.......Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is a common musculoskeletal disorder for which an effective treatment strategy remains unknown....

  20. Epicondilite lateral do cotovelo Lateral epicondylitis of the elbow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Cohen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A epicondilite lateral, também conhecida como cotovelo do tenista, é uma condição comum que acomete de 1 a 3% da população. O termo epicondilite sugere inflamação, embora a análise histológica tecidual não demonstre um processo inflamatório. A estrutura acometida com mais frequência é a origem do tendão extensor radial curto do carpo e o mecanismo de lesão está associado à sua sobrecarga. O tratamento incruento é o de escolha e inclui: repouso, fisioterapia, infiltração com cortisona ou plasma rico em plaquetas e a utilização de imobilização específica. O tratamento cirúrgico é recomendado quando persistem impotência funcional e dor. Tanto a técnica cirúrgica aberta quanto a artroscópica com ressecção da área tendinosa degenerada apresenta bons resultados na literatura.Lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is a common condition that is estimated to affect 1% to 3% of the population. The word epicondylitis suggests inflammation, although histological analysis on the tissue fails to show any inflammatory process. The structure most commonly affected is the origin of the tendon of the extensor carpi radialis brevis and the mechanism of injury is associated with overloading. Nonsurgical treatment is the preferred method, and this includes rest, physiotherapy, cortisone infiltration, platelet-rich plasma injections and use of specific immobilization. Surgical treatment is recommended when functional disability and pain persist. Both the open and the arthroscopic surgical technique with resection of the degenerated tendon tissue present good results in the literature.

  1. Cyriax physiotherapy for tennis elbow/lateral epicondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stasinopoulos, D; Johnson, M I

    2004-12-01

    Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is one of the most common lesions of the arm with a well defined clinical presentation, which significantly impacts on the community. Many treatment approaches have been proposed to manage this condition. One is Cyriax physiotherapy. The effectiveness and reported effects of this intervention are reviewed.

  2. Therapeutic Observation on Tuina plus Electroacupuncture for Lateral Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Shi-sheng; Wu Yao-chi; Zhang Jun-feng; Zhou Jing-hui

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of tuina combined with electroacupuncture (EA) in treating lateral humeral epicondylitis. Methods: Totally 118 patients were randomly allocated into a treatment group and a control group, 59 cases in each. The patients in the treatment group were treated with tuina combined with EA treatment, while those in the control group were treated by EA alone. Clinical efficacies of the two groups were compared after the treatment. Results: The total effective rate was 93.2% in the treatment group, versus 84.7% in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P Conclusion: Tuina combined with EA treatment for lateral humeral epicondylitis has a significant effect.

  3. Corticosteroid injection for tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis: a review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Saccomanni, Bernardino

    2010-01-01

    Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a painful and functionally limiting entity affecting the upperextremity and is frequently treated by hand surgeons. Corticosteroid injection is one of the most common interventions for lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow. Here, a review of the medical literature on this treatment is presented.

  4. DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF PROVOCATIVE TESTS IN LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Saroja

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of the commonly used provocative tests in the diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis (LE. Cozen’s test, Mills test and Maudsley test are most widely used. Till date no studies have been reported on the diagnostic accuracy of these tests. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography serves as a gold standard tool in the diagnosis of LE. Thirty subjects participated in the study. Baseline measurements of pain severity, elbow joint mobility, hand grip strength and three provocative tests were recorded by the principal investigator. A second investigator accompanied the subjects for musculoskeletal ultrasonography who was blinded of the test results. The thickness of common extensor tendon, echo texture and lateral epicondyle bony contour was measured. The test results of the three provocative tests with ultrasonographic findings were analyzed. The sensitivity for Cozen’s test, Maudsley test and Mills test was found to be 84%, 88% and 53% respectively. The specificity for Cozen’s Maudsley and Mills test was found to be 0%, 0% and 100% respectively. Mills test showed significant area under receiver operator curve (ROC i.e. (0.769, which explains that the test has good diagnostic accuracy. This validation study, concludes that Mills test has an excellent diagnostic value for ruling in LE.

  5. Lateral epicondylitis in general practice: Course and prognostic indicators of outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Smidt; M. Lewis; D.A.M.M. van der Windt; E.M. Hay; L.M. Bouter; P. Croft

    2006-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the course of lateral epicondylitis and identify prognostic indicators associated with short- and longterm outcome of pain intensity. Methods. We prospectively followed patients (n = 349) from 2 randomized controlled trials investigating conservative interventions for later

  6. Lateral epicondylitis and beyond: imaging of lateral elbow pain with clinical-radiologic correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kotnis, Nikhil A. [McMaster University, Departments of Radiology, Hamilton, ON (Canada); Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, Department of Medical Physics and Medical Imaging, Sheffield (United Kingdom); Chiavaras, Mary M. [McMaster University, Departments of Radiology, Hamilton, ON (Canada); Harish, Srinivasan [McMaster University, Departments of Radiology, Hamilton, ON (Canada); St. Joseph' s Healthcare, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Hamilton, ON (Canada)

    2012-04-15

    The diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis is often straightforward and can be made on the basis of clinical findings. However, radiological assessment is valuable where the clinical picture is less clear or where symptoms are refractory to treatment. Demographics, aspects of clinical history, or certain physical signs may suggest an alternate diagnosis. Knowledge of the typical clinical presentation and imaging findings of lateral epicondylitis, in addition to other potential causes of lateral elbow pain, is necessary. These include entrapment of the posterior interosseous and lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerves, posterolateral rotatory instability, posterolateral plica syndrome, Panner's disease, osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum, radiocapitellar overload syndrome, occult fractures and chondral-osseous impaction injuries, and radiocapitellar arthritis. Knowledge of these potential masquerades of lateral epicondylitis and their characteristic clinical and imaging features is essential for accurate diagnosis. The goal of this review is to provide an approach to the imaging of lateral elbow pain, discussing the relevant anatomy, various causes, and discriminating factors, which will allow for an accurate diagnosis. (orig.)

  7. Lateral epicondylitis and beyond: imaging of lateral elbow pain with clinical-radiologic correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diagnosis of lateral epicondylitis is often straightforward and can be made on the basis of clinical findings. However, radiological assessment is valuable where the clinical picture is less clear or where symptoms are refractory to treatment. Demographics, aspects of clinical history, or certain physical signs may suggest an alternate diagnosis. Knowledge of the typical clinical presentation and imaging findings of lateral epicondylitis, in addition to other potential causes of lateral elbow pain, is necessary. These include entrapment of the posterior interosseous and lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerves, posterolateral rotatory instability, posterolateral plica syndrome, Panner's disease, osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum, radiocapitellar overload syndrome, occult fractures and chondral-osseous impaction injuries, and radiocapitellar arthritis. Knowledge of these potential masquerades of lateral epicondylitis and their characteristic clinical and imaging features is essential for accurate diagnosis. The goal of this review is to provide an approach to the imaging of lateral elbow pain, discussing the relevant anatomy, various causes, and discriminating factors, which will allow for an accurate diagnosis. (orig.)

  8. The Clinical Report on 2 Cases of Lateral Epicondylitis Treated by Scolopendrid Aquacupucture Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jang-Woo Park

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective : The purpose of this study is to examine if scolopendrid acuacupucture may be effective to the lateral epicondylitis. Methods : Using scolopendrid aquacupucture, we injected a small dose of it to the affected area and operated 2 pre and post treatment test; VAS(visual analogue scale, PPT(pressure pain threshold. Results : The scolopendrid aquacupucture treatment led to improvement in the pain and symptom of lateral epicondylitis by all efficacy measures. After scolopendrid aquacupucture treatment, there was improvement in VAS, PPT. Conclusion : This results suggest that scolopendrid aquacupucture is good method for treatment of lateral epicondylitis. so we suggest the possibility to use this new remedy for the lateral epicondylitis.

  9. New Developments in the Use of Biologics and Other Modalities in the Management of Lateral Epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia A. Kahlenberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Lateral epicondylitis is a common source of elbow pain. Though it is often a self-limited condition, refractory lateral epicondylitis can lead to problems with activities of daily living and sometimes requires sick leave from work. Therefore prompt treatment is essential. Histopathologic studies have suggested that lateral epicondylitis is a tendinopathy, associated with apoptosis and autophagy, rather than a tendonitis associated with inflammation. Although corticosteroids have been used for short-term treatment, recent studies have suggested that they are not helpful and may even be harmful and delay healing in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Researchers have recently begun to investigate the use of biologics as potential treatment options for lateral epicondylitis. Autologous blood preparations including platelet rich plasma (PRP and autologous whole blood injections (ABIs have been proposed in order to deliver growth factors and other nutrients to the diseased tendon. Stem cell therapies have also been suggested as a method of improving tendon healing. This review discusses the current evidence for the use of PRP, ABI, and stem cell therapies for treatment of lateral epicondylitis. We also review the evidence for nonbiologic treatments including corticosteroids, prolotherapy, botulinum toxin A, and nitric oxide.

  10. Extensor tendon and fascia sectioning of extensors at the musculotendinous unit in lateral epicondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Joeri; Mahieu, Peter; Hollevoet, Nadine

    2013-06-01

    Different surgical techniques exist to treat lateral epicondylitis. In most techniques, release of the common extensor origin is performed adjacent to the humeral epicondyle. The purpose of the present study was to assess the outcome of transverse sectioning of the intermuscular septum and the aponeuroses of the extensor carpi radialis brevis and extensor digitorum communis, 3 to 5 cm distally to the radial epicondyle. Forty-nine elbows were operated on in 44 patients. Subjective results were obtained after a mean followup of 33 months. Mean age of patients was 44 years. Mean disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand score was 6, mean visual analogue scale score for pain was 1 and for satisfaction 9. The result was excellent in 26, good in 15 and poor in 8 elbows following Spencer and Herndon. Mean absence from work was 40 days. We conclude that tendon release in the musculotendinous unit can be used to treat lateral epicondylitis. PMID:23926727

  11. [Elbow dislocation and lateral epicondyle fracture in a five year-old girl. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rincón, D; Guzmén, R; Camacho, J; Abril, C

    2014-01-01

    Traumatic elbow dislocation in the pediatric population is a particularly unusual injury. It was first described by Stimson in 1900 and almost 100 years later revisited by Tachdjian in 1990. Three percent of cases are associated with lateral epicondyle fracture, so this is an infrequent injury that has been described in only a few papers as case reports. The mechanism of injury is not clearly known, nor is the best type of treatment or its complications. We report herein the case of a five year-old girl with fracture dislocation of the lateral epicondyle who was managed with closed reduction and percutaneous fixation with Kirschner nails, with good functional results.

  12. Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of treatment response of lateral epicondylitis of the elbow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Savnik, Anette [Parker Institute, Frederiksberg Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 57, 2000, Frederiksberg (Denmark); Department of Radiology, Frederiksberg Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 57, 2000, Frederiksberg (Denmark); Hovmarksvej 39, 2920, Charlottenlund (Denmark); Jensen, Bente; Noerregaard, Jesper; Danneskiold-Samsoee, Bente; Bliddal, Henning [Parker Institute, Frederiksberg Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 57, 2000, Frederiksberg (Denmark); Egund, Niels [Department of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, 8000, Aarhus C (Denmark)

    2004-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatment response in lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) by MRI. Magnetic resonance imaging was obtained in 30 patients with clinical symptoms of lateral epicondylitis of the elbow using T1-, T2- and T2-weighted fat-saturated (FS) sequences. The patients were randomised to either i.m. corticosteroid injection (n=16) or immobilisation in a wrist splint (n=14). Magnetic resonance imaging of the elbow was performed on a 1.5-T MR system at baseline and after 6 weeks. The extensor carpi radialis (ECRB) tendon, the radial collateral ligament, lateral humerus epicondyle at tendon insertion site, joint fluid and signal intensity changes within brachio-radialis and anconeus muscles were evaluated on the MR unit's workstation before and after 6 weeks of treatment. The MRI was performed once in 22 healthy controls for comparison and all images evaluated by an investigator blinded to the clinical status of the subjects. The MR images showed thickening with separation of the ECRB tendon from the radial collateral ligament and abnormal signal change in 25 of the 30 patients on the T1-weighted sequences at inclusion. The signal intensity of the ECRB tendon was increased in 24 of the 30 patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow on the T2-weighted FS sequences. (orig.)

  13. Grip strength measurements at two different wrist extension positions in chronic lateral epicondylitis-comparison of involved vs. uninvolved side in athletes and non athletes: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhargava Arti S

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lateral epicondylitis is a common sports injury of the elbow caused due to altered muscle activation during repetitive wrist extension in many athletic and non-athletic endeavours. The amount of muscle activity and timing of contraction eventually is directly dependent upon joint position during the activity. The purpose of our study was to compare the grip strength in athletes with lateral epicondylalgia in two different wrist extension positions and compare them between involved and uninvolved sides of athletes and non-athletes. Methods An assessor-blinded case-control study of eight athletes and twenty-two non-athletes was done. The grip strength was measured using JAMAR® hand dynamometer in kilograms-force at 15 degrees (slightly extended and 35 degrees (moderately extended wrist extension positions (maintained by wrist splints on both involved and uninvolved sides of athletes and non-athletes with unilateral lateral epicondylitis of atleast 3 months duration. Their pain was to be elicited with local tenderness and two of three tests being positive- Cozen's, Mill's manoeuvre, resisted middle finger extension tests. For comparisons of grip strength, Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for within-group comparison (between 15 and 35 degrees wrist extension positions and Mann-Whitney U test was used for between-group (athletes vs. non-athletes comparisons at 95% confidence interval and were done using SPSS 11.5 for Windows. Results Statistically significant greater grip strength was found in 15 degrees (27.75 ± 4.2 kgms in athletes; 16.45 ± 4.2 kgms in non-athletes wrist extension than at 35 degrees (25.25 ± 3.53 kgm in athletes and 14.18 ± 3.53 kgm in non-athletes. The athletes had greater grip strength than non-athletes in each of test positions (11.3 kgm at 15 degrees and 11.07 kgm at 35 degrees measured. There was also a significant difference between involved and uninvolved sides' grip strength at both wrist

  14. The effect of autologous platelet rich plasma in treatment lateral epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Ağır

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow is the most commonly diagnosed cause of lateral elbow pain. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of single dose corticosteroid and autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP injection in the treatment of tennis elbow.Materials and methods: The 15 elbow of 15 patients (6 male and 9 female was included in the study, who applied to our clinic with lateral elbow pain and diagnosed as lateral epicondylitis. A single dose of 0,5 ml Bethametasone and 0,5 ml Prilocaine mixture was applied to first group and single dose 1 ml autologous PRP was locally applied to the second group.Results: In the early follow-ups the results of corticosteroid group were better than latter follow-ups, however in PRP group the results were worst in early follow-ups but better results were obtained in later follow-ups according to Verhaar scoring system.Conclusion: According to our results, the beneficial effects of PRP injection in lateral epicondylitis increases over time but further studies with more patients and longer follow up durations should done in order to more clarified this subject.

  15. Interobserver reproducibility of the assessment of severity of complaints, grip strength, and pressure pain threshold in patients with lateral epicondylitis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smidt, N.; Windt, A. van der; Assendelft, W.J.; Mourits, A.J.; Devillé, W.L.; Winter, F. de; Bouter, L.M.

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the interobserver reproducibility of the assessment of severity of complaints, grip strength, and pressure pain threshold in patients with lateral epicondylitis in primary care. Design: Two physiotherapists assessed independently, and in randomized order, the severity of compl

  16. Interobserver reproducibility of the assessment of severity of complaints, grip strength, and pressure pain threshold in patients with lateral epicondylitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smidt, N; van der Windt, DA; Assendelft, WJ; Mourits, AJ; Deville, WL; de Winter, AF; Bouter, LM

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the interobserver reproducibility of the assessment of severity of complaints, grip strength, and pressure pain threshold in patients with lateral epicondylitis in primary care. Design: Two physiotherapists assessed independently, and in randomized order, the severity of compl

  17. [Skeletal muscle involvement in enthesopathy of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus (so-called tennis elbow)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janda, J; Koudela, K

    1988-01-01

    Muscle specimens from the origin of the m. extensor carpi radialis brevis, were obtained from 53 patients suffering from chronic enthesopathy of the lateral epicondyle of humerus (EELH). Frank neurogenic atrophy as well as disuse atrophy were caused by radicular irritation due to the cervicobrachial syndrome. The borderline and/or reinnervation patterns of the muscle lesion may be due to the compression neuropathy of the peripheral branches of the radial nerve or may reflect adaptation of the muscle to the chronic nociceptive stimulation in sense of chronic reflex atrophy of the muscle. The elbow joint, and especially the humeroradial joint in cases of EELH represents a functional unit. Any damage to any part leads to secondary reparative and adaptive changes in other structures including the muscle. PMID:2970182

  18. EFFECTIVENESS OF MULLIGAN MOBILISATION WITH MOVEMENT COMPARED TO SUPERVISED EXERCISE PROGRAM IN SUBJECTS WITH LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafizur Rahman

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Lateral epicondylitis commonly referred to as lateral elbow Tendinopathy or tennis elbow is one of the most common lesions of the arm. Men and women are equally affected. There are many treatment options available for tennis elbow; an exercise program is used as the first treatment option. Mulligan has proposed the use of mobilization with movement for lateral epicondylitis. The main Purpose of the study is to compare the effects of mulligan mobilization with movement and supervised exercise program in subjects with lateral epicondylitis. Materials and Methods: 60 Subjects fulfilled the inclusive criteria and were randomly assigned into two groups. Group A were given Mobilization with movement and Group B performed Supervised Exercise Program. Both groups performed three sessions per week for the duration of 4 weeks. After the treatment, subjects were evaluated for their pain profile using visual analogue scale, and grip strength by Hand grip dynamometer. Results: Paired t-test analysis is used within group and Independent t-test is used for between group comparisons. At the end of 4 weeks Mulligan mobilisation with movement group showed significant improvement in VAS and hand grip strength scores than the supervised exercise program group (P<0.000. Conclusion: It is concluded that both techniques showed improvements in hand grip strength and VAS. The group that performed mulligan mobilisation with movement showed significantly greater improvement in reduction of pain and increase in hand grip strength than the supervised exercise program.

  19. EFFICACY OF PHONOPHORESIS AND IONTOPHORESIS OF NAPROXEN IN THE TREATMENT OF LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyam D.Ganvir

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of study see the efficacy of iontophoresis, phonophoresis and to compare their effects in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis, it was Randomized controlled trial at Padmashree Dr.Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundations, medical hospital,Physiotherapy OPD,AHMEDNAGAR (M.S This study was carried out with 31 patients who had lateral epicondylitis and randomized into two groups. Group A and Group B, Naproxen was applied to the group A using Phonophoresis (19 patients-23 extremities and to the group B using iontophoresis(12 patients – 14 extremities.Both groups were treated by other conventional physiotherapy in the form -cryotherapy, strengthening and stretching exercises. it outcomes was Pain scores (at rest, during motion, with pressure, weight lifting.Grip strength and Nirschl- Petterone Grading System were evaluated before and after treatment. Results: Pain scores decreased, grip strength and Nirsch- Petterone Grading System statistically significantly increased in both groups after treatment (p0.05.Conclusion: The results suggest that iontophoresis and phonophoresis of naproxen are equally effective electrotherapy methods in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis.

  20. Anatomy of the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve in relation to the lateral epicondyle and cephalic vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wongkerdsook, Wachara; Agthong, Sithiporn; Amarase, Chavarin; Yotnuengnit, Pattarapol; Huanmanop, Thanasil; Chentanez, Vilai

    2011-01-01

    The lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LACN) is the terminal sensory branch of the musculocutaneous nerve supplying the lateral aspect of forearm. Because of its close proximity to the biceps brachii tendon (BBT), the lateral epicondyle (LE), and the cephalic vein (CV), surgery and venipuncture in the cubital fossa can injure the LACN. Measurement data regarding the relative anatomy of LACN are scarce. We, therefore, dissected 96 upper extremities from 26 males and 22 females to expose the LACN in the cubital fossa and forearm. The LACN consistently emerged from the lateral margin of BBT. It then pierced the deep fascia distal to the interepicondylar line (IEL) in 84.4% with mean distances of 1.8 ± 1.1 and 1.2 ± 0.9 cm (male and female, respectively). At the level of IEL, the LACN in all cases was medial to the LE (5.9 ± 1.1 cm male and 5.2 ± 0.9 cm female). Two types of branching were observed: single trunk (78.1%) and bifurcation (21.9%). Asymmetry in the branching pattern was observed in 6 males and 1 female. Concerning the relationship to the CV, the LACN ran medially within 1 cm at the level of IEL in 78.7%. Moreover, in 10 specimens, the LACN was directly beneath the CV. In the forearm, the LACN tends to course medial to the CV. Significant differences in the measurement data between genders but not sides were found in some parameters. These data are important for avoiding LACN injury and locating the LACN during relevant medical procedures.

  1. Platelet-rich plasma versus corticoid in the treatment of chronic lateral elbow epicondylitis%富含血小板血浆和糖皮质激素局部注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹国友; 贾伟涛; 郑闽前; 朱如里; 刘红兵; 张文生; 吴亚

    2013-01-01

    2012年1月至10月,对52例肱骨外上髁炎患者分别行富含血小板血浆(PRP;28例,PRP组)和糖皮质激素局部注射(24例,糖皮质激素组)治疗,对比两者的临床效果.注射治疗后1周时,两组间视觉模拟疼痛评分(VAS)和Mayo医院改良肘关节评分差异有统计学意义;治疗后1个月和6个月时PRP组优于糖皮质激素组(P<0.05).PRP痛点局部注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎临床效果良好,优于糖皮质激素治疗.%A total of 52 patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis were randomly assigned into platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (n =28) or corticosteroid (n =24) group.The visual analog pain scale (VAS) and Mayo elbow score had no significant difference between two groups within 1 week post-treatment.However,VAS and Mayo elbow score improved more significantly in PRP group versus corticosteroid group at Month 1 and 6 post-treatment (P < 0.05).The PRP trigger point injection treatment of elbow lateral epicondylitis achieved clinical outcomes and it was superior to glucocorticoid treatment.

  2. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME IN LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS MANAGED BY LOCAL INFILTRATION OF AUTOLOGOUS BLOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ajay Bharti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lateral epicondylitis is a well known elbow disorder known to affect a variety of population. Though the disorder is expected to affect a lot of sports personnel, the incidence is not uncommon in persons of household activities. The management comprises of conservative to operative with a dilemma of what to be done in most of the affected population. A large number of interventions have been tried to delineate the best modality but none of them proved to be conclusive. The aim of the present study was to prove the efficacy of cheapest possible interventional modality autologous blood for treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis. Twenty five patients of Tennis elbow were included in this study who have attended the OPD of GSVM Medical College and associated LLR Hospital, Kanpur from November 2007 to April 2008 and fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria. 78% were females, mostly housewives involved in regular household activities. All the patients were infiltrated autologous blood with local anaesthetic infiltration. Patients were deprived of regular activities for 3 weeks after infiltration. Follow up was done at weekly interval for 2 weeks and then at 6th week and 12th week. Assessment was done using Visual Analogue Scale ( VAS and Verhaar et al scoring system. Total follow up period was 3 months. We observed that the mean VAS score improved from preinfiltrative 6.40±1.22 to 0.48±1.53 with p value being < .001. 64% patients showed excellent results and 32% showed good results as per Verhaar et al scoring system on 12 weeks follow up. One patient did not respond to this procedure and showed poor result as per Verhaar et al score. Therefore, autologous blood infiltration is a safe and effective modality in treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis.

  3. Evidence-Based Approach to Treating Lateral Epicondylitis Using the Occupational Adaptation Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachman, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    The occupational therapy Centennial Vision reinforces the importance of informing consumers about the benefit of occupational therapy and continuing to advocate for the unique client-centered role of occupational therapy. Occupational therapy practitioners working in hand therapy have traditionally found it difficult to combine the biomechanical foundations of hand therapy with the fundamental client-centered tenets of occupational therapy. Embracing our historical roots will become more important as health care evolves and third-party payers continue to scrutinize the need for the profession of occupational therapy. This article outlines a client-centered approach for hand therapists for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis using the Occupational Adaptation Model.

  4. Effects of platelet-rich plasma on lateral epicondylitis of the elbow: prospective randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro Pereira Palacio

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP infiltration in patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow, through analysis of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH and Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE questionnaires. METHODS: Sixty patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow were prospectively randomized and evaluated after receiving infiltration of three milliliters of PRP, or 0.5% neocaine, or dexamethasone. For the scoring process, the patients were asked to fill out the DASH and PRTEE questionnaires on three occasions: on the day of infiltration and 90 and 180 days afterwards. RESULTS: Around 81.7% of the patients who underwent the treatment presented some improvement of the symptoms. The statistical tests showed that there was evidence that the cure rate was unrelated to the substance applied (p = 0.62. There was also intersection between the confidence intervals of each group, thus demonstrating that the proportions of patients whose symptoms improved were similar in all the groups. CONCLUSION: At a significance level of 5%, there was no evidence that one treatment was more effective than another, when assessed using the DASH and PRTEE questionnaires.

  5. Effects of platelet-rich plasma on lateral epicondylitis of the elbow: prospective randomized controlled trial☆

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palacio, Evandro Pereira; Schiavetti, Rafael Ramos; Kanematsu, Maiara; Ikeda, Tiago Moreno; Mizobuchi, Roberto Ryuiti; Galbiatti, José Antônio

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) infiltration in patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow, through analysis of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaires. Methods Sixty patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow were prospectively randomized and evaluated after receiving infiltration of three milliliters of PRP, or 0.5% neocaine, or dexamethasone. For the scoring process, the patients were asked to fill out the DASH and PRTEE questionnaires on three occasions: on the day of infiltration and 90 and 180 days afterwards. Results Around 81.7% of the patients who underwent the treatment presented some improvement of the symptoms. The statistical tests showed that there was evidence that the cure rate was unrelated to the substance applied (p = 0.62). There was also intersection between the confidence intervals of each group, thus demonstrating that the proportions of patients whose symptoms improved were similar in all the groups. Conclusion At a significance level of 5%, there was no evidence that one treatment was more effective than another, when assessed using the DASH and PRTEE questionnaires. PMID:26962506

  6. The effect of a forearm/hand splint compared with an elbow band as a treatment for lateral epicondylitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Streek, M.D.; van der Schans, C.P.; de Greef, M.H.G.; Postema, K.

    2004-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of a new prefabricated Thamert forearm/hand splint with the effect of a simple elbow band as a treatment for lateral epicondylitis. Forty-three (43) patients that met the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to the elbow band group and the

  7. Poorer elbow proprioception in patients with lateral epicondylitis than in healthy controls: a cross-sectional study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul-Kristensen, B.; Lund, H.; Hansen, K.;

    2008-01-01

    Two groups of women, 15 patients with lateral epicondylitis and 21 healthy controls, were studied to compare proprioception in the elbows and knees between the groups. Outcome measures were absolute error and variable error for joint position sense and for threshold to detection of a passive move...

  8. Physical and psychosocial risk factors for lateral epicondylitis: a population based case-referent study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haahr, J. P.; Andersen, JH

    2003-01-01

    AIMS: To assess the importance of physical and psychosocial risk factors for lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). METHODS: Case-referent study of 267 new cases of tennis elbow and 388 referents from the background population enrolled from general practices in Ringkjoebing County, Denmark. RESULTS......: Manual job tasks were associated with tennis elbow (odds ratio (OR) 3.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9 to 5.1). The self reported physical risk factors "posture" and "forceful work" were related to tennis elbow. Among women, work involving performing repeated movements of the arms was related...... to tennis elbow (OR 3.7, CI 1.7 to 8.3). Among men, work with precision demanding movements was related to tennis elbow (OR 5.2, CI 1.5 to 17.9). Among both males and females, the results for work with hand held vibrating tools were inconsistent, partly because of few exposed subjects. A physical strain...

  9. Motor unit potential morphology differences in individuals with non-specific arm pain and lateral epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLean Linda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The pathophysiology of non-specific arm pain (NSAP is unclear and the diagnosis is made by excluding other specific upper limb pathologies, such as lateral epicondylitis or cervical radiculopathy. The purpose of this study was to determine: (i if the quantitative parameters related to motor unit potential morphology and/or motor unit firing patterns derived from electromyographic (EMG signals detected from an affected muscle of patients with NSAP are different from those detected in the same muscle of individuals with lateral epicondylitis (LE and/or control subjects and (ii if the quantitative EMG parameters suggest that the underlying pathophysiology in NSAP is either myopathic or neuropathic in nature. Methods Sixteen subjects with NSAP, 11 subjects with LE, eight subjects deemed to be at-risk for developing a repetitive strain injury, and 37 control subjects participated. A quantitative electromyography evaluation was completed using decomposition-based quantitative electromyography (DQEMG. Needle- and surface-detected EMG signals were collected during low-level isometric contractions of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB muscle. DQEMG was used to extract needle-detected motor unit potential trains (MUPTs, and needle-detected motor unit potential (MUP and surface detected motor unit potential (SMUP morphology and motor unit (MU firing rates were compared among the four groups using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA. Post hoc analyses were performed using Tukey's pairwise comparisons. Results Significant group differences were found for all MUP variables and for MU firing rate (p p p p p Conclusion The size-related parameters suggest that the NSAP group had significantly smaller MUPs and SMUPs than the control and LE subjects. Smaller MUPs and SMUPs may be indicative of muscle fiber atrophy and/or loss. A prospective study is needed to confirm any causal relationship between smaller MUPs and SMUPs and NSAP as found

  10. Hydro-galvanic and rising - temperature bath therapy for chronic elbow epicondylitis: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Mucha

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of two different regimens of physiotherapy for epicondylitis was compared. A combination treatment with hydrogalvanic four-cell bath and arm bath with rising temperature, which had showed good effects in treatment of tennis elbow in an earlier observational study (Mucha 1987, was compared with the analgesic interference current treatment often recommended in the literature (Sadil and Sadil 1994, Noteboom et al 1994, Becker and Reuter 1982. For this study, 60 patients with epicondylitis that was resistant to conservative treatment were randomized into two groups for comparison. In group 1, interference currents were administered twice a day for six weeks and group 2 received combination treatment with the hydrogalvanic four-cell bath and rising- temperature arm bath once a day for six weeks. Criteria for inclusion, control and appraisal were laid down prospectively. Several parameters were used, recorded and statistically evaluated as outcome measures.  These were active joint range of movement of the elbow, grip strength, pain provocation with muscle contraction, palpation pain and pain with functional activities.  The results showed a significant superiority of combination treatment over therapy with interference current. It is therefore recommended that hydrogalvanic four-cell bath and arm bath with rising temperature should be carried out before considering surgical treatment for chronic epicondylitis.

  11. Evaluation of patients submitted to the arthroscopic treatment of the lateral epicondylitis refractory to the conservative treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Alexandre Martynetz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the results of the arthroscopic treatment of the lateral epicondylitis. Methods: we evaluated 14 patients (15 elbows submitted to the arthroscopic treatment of the lateral epicondylitis refractory to the conservative treatment, which was realized for a minimum period of 18 months. Beyond the demographic data collection, patients were evaluated according to the arthroscopic classification of Baker et al., the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH questionnaire and the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS. The patients' ages ranged between 23 and 56 years (average 46 years (eight males and six females. Of the 15 elbows, 12 were the dominant and one patient had bilateral lesion. The follow-up after surgery was minimum 24 months and maximum 72 months (average 41 months. Results: we found, according to the arthroscopic classification of Baker et al., two patients with type I lesions, nine with type II lesions and three with type III lesions. We found the following complications: one patient with altered sensitivity in the region of the lateral portal, one with a deficit of ten degrees in length, one with synovial plica and one with synovitis in the lateral compartment. Our score on the DASH questionnaire was minimum of 32 points and maximum of 120 points (average 57 points and the scale of MEPS had a minimum score of 60 points and a maximum of 100 points (average 90 points. Conclusion: the arthroscopic treatment of the lateral epicondylitis, plus insurance, provides satisfactory results.

  12. EFFECTIVENESS OF MOBILIZATION WITH MOVEMENT OF ELBOW COMPARED WITH MANIPULATION OF WRIST IN PATIENTS OF LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Namrata Patel

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose:To evaluate the effectiveness of mobilization with movement of elbow compared with manipulationof wr ist on pai n, strength and acti viti es of dai l y l i vi ng i n patients of l ateral epi condyl i tis.Methodology:An interventional comparative study was conducted on 30 patients having symptomatic lateralepicondylitis. They were randomly assigned to one of the three groups. Group A (n=10 control group,Group B(n=10 Mobilization with movement group and Group C (n=10 wrist manipulation. All the 3 groups werereceivedconventional treatment of ultrasound, stretching and strengthening of wrist extensors. Baseline measurementsof pain (VAS score, functional status (PRTEE questionnaire and strength (maximal isometric grip strengthwere taken on day 1 and after 10thtreatment session.Results:The data analysis was performed with Graph PadInstat trial version 3 software. All three groups showed improvement in VAS, maximal isometrics gripstrengthand PRTEEquestionnaire. There isstatistically significant difference between groups B (Mobilization withmovement and Group C (Manipulation of wrist for VAS and PRTEEquestionnaire score. But No statisticallysignificant difference is found in maximal isometric grip strength. Mobilization with movement of elbow alongwith conventional therapy showed significant improvement in Pain and functional status as compared to wristmanipulation.Conclusion:It can be concluded that mobilization with movement of elbow along withconventional therapy program is effective in treating chronic lateral epicondylitis

  13. MR imaging in chronic epicondylitis humeri radialis at 1.0 T: is Gd-DTPA administration useful?; MRT bei chronischer Epicondylitis humeri radialis an einem 1,0 T-Geraet - Kontrastmittelgabe notwendig?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herber, S.; Kalden, P.; Kreitner, K.-F.; Thelen, M. [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Radiologie; Riedel, C.; Rompe, J.D. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Orthopaedie Johannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz (Germany)

    2001-05-01

    Purpose: Evaluation of the diagnostic value and confidence of contrast-enhanced MR imaging in patients with lateral epicondylitis in comparison to clinical diagnosis. Material and Methods: 42 consecutive patients with clinically proven chronic lateral epicondylitis and 10 ellbow joints of healthy controls have been examined on a 1.0 T MR-unit. Criteria for inclusion in the prospective study were: persistant pain and a failed conservative therapy. The MR protocol included STIR sequence, a native, T{sub 2}-weighted, fat-supressed TSE sequence, and a flash-2-D sequence. Also, fat-supressed, T{sub 1}-weighted SE sequences before and after administration of Gd-DTPA contrast media have been recovded. Results: In 39/42 patients the STIR sequence showed an increased SI of the common extensor tendom. Increased MR signal of the lateral collateral ligament combined with a thickening and a partial rupture or a full thickness tear have been observed in 15/42 cases. A bone marrow edema at the lateral epicondylus was noticed in 6 of the studied patients and a joint effusion in 18/42 patients. After administration of contrast media we noticed an average increase of SI by about 150%. However, enhanced MR imaging did not provide additional information. Conclusion: In MR imaging of chronic epicondylitis administration of gadolinium-DTPA does not provide additional information. (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Evaluation der Wertigkeit der Gadolinium-DTPA-Gabe in der MR-Diagnostik der chronischen Epicondylitis humeri radialis im Vergleich zur klinischen Befunderhebung. Material und Methoden: 42 konsekutive Patienten mit einer klinisch diagnostizierten chronischen Epicondylitis humeri radialis sowie 10 Ellenbogengelenke bei 5 Probanden wurden bei 1,0 T prospektiv untersucht. Einschlusskriterium war eine persistierende Schmerzsymptomatik ueber mehr als ein halbes Jahr. Das MR-Protokoll beinhaltete neben einer STIR-Sequenz eine native T{sub 2}-gewichtete TSE-Sequenz mit Fettsupression sowie

  14. A Newly Designed Tennis Elbow Orthosis With a Traditional Tennis Elbow Strap in Patients With Lateral Epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saremi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background Lateral epicondylitis is a common cause of pain and upper limb dysfunction. The use of counterforce straps for treatment of lateral epicondylitis is widespread. This kind of orthosis can be modified to have a greater effect on relieving pain by reducing tension on the origin of the extensor pronator muscles. Objectives To determine the immediate effects of a newly designed orthosis on pain and grip strength in patients with lateral epicondylitis. Materials and Methods Twelve participants (six men and six women were recruited (mean age = 41 ± 6.7 years and evaluated for pain and grip strength in three sessions. A 48-hour break was taken between each session. The first session was without any orthosis, the second session was with the new modified tennis elbow orthosis, and the third session was with a conventional tennis elbow strap. Results Both counterforce straps were effective. However, significantly more improvement was observed in pain and grip strength after using the newly modified orthosis (P < 0.05. Conclusions The newly designed strap reduces pain more effectively and improves grip strength by causing greater localized pressure on two regions with different force applications (two component vectors versus one.

  15. Acupuncture for lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow): study protocol for a randomized, practitioner-assessor blinded, controlled pilot clinical trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Lateral epicondylitis is the most frequent cause of pain around the elbow joint. It causes pain in the region of the elbow joint and results in dysfunction of the elbow and deterioration of the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of ipsilateral acupuncture, contralateral acupuncture and sham acupuncture on lateral epicondylitis. Methods/design Forty-five subjects with lateral epicondylitis will be randomized into three groups: the ipsilateral acupuncture group, contralateral acupuncture group and the sham acupuncture group. The inclusion criteria will be as follows: (1) age between 19 and 65 years with pain due to one-sided lateral epicondylitis that persisted for at least four weeks, (2) with tenderness on pressure limited to regions around the elbow joint, (3) complaining of pain during resistive extension of the middle finger or the wrist, (4) with average pain of NRS 4 or higher during the last one week at a screening visit and (5) voluntarily agree to this study and sign a written consent. Acupuncture treatment will be given 10 times in total for 4 weeks to all groups. Follow up observations will be conducted after the completion of the treatment, 8 weeks and 12 weeks after the random assignment. Ipsilateral acupuncture group and contralateral acupuncture group will receive acupuncture on LI4, TE5, LI10, LI11, LU5, LI12 and two Ashi points. The sham acupuncture group will receive treatment on acupuncture points not related to the lateral epicondylitis using a non-invasive method. The needles will be maintained for 20 minutes. The primary outcome will be differences in the visual analogue scale (VAS) for elbow pain between the groups. The secondary outcome will be differences in patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation (PRTEE), pain-free/maximum grip strength (Dynamometer), pressure pain threshold, clinically relevant improvement, patient global assessment, and the EQ-5D. The data will be analyzed with the paired t

  16. The Potential Risk Factors Relevant to Lateral Epicondylitis by Wrist Coupling Posture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-Ya Lee

    Full Text Available The use of awkward wrist postures and unskilled techniques might induce lateral epicondylitis. This study thus investigated the effects of wrist deviation combined with extension and movement velocity on the dynamic performances of the wrist muscles during the coupling posture via a custom-made bi-planar isokinetic dynamometer. Thirty subjects were recruited to perform the isokinetic testing. We measured the muscle strengths and activities for the wrist extensors and flexors during concentric and eccentric contractions at three movement velocities, 30°s-1, 90°s-1, and 180°s-1, combined with three wrist postures, neutral position (NP, radial deviation (RD, and ulnar deviation (UD. The root mean square (RMS of the electromyographic signal in the extensor digitorum communis (EDC, normalized peak torque of extensors, and ratio of normalized peak torque between wrist extensors and flexors, were all greater in the NP than RD and UD in both contractions. The ratio of RMS between EDC and flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS had a significantly greater value in RD than UD during the concentric contraction. The EDC showed significantly higher activity at the fast velocity in both contractions. Nevertheless, a significantly higher RMS of the electromyographic signal between EDC and FDS and the ratio of strength between wrist extensors and flexors were found at slow velocity in both contractions. The wrist deviation combined with extension and movement velocity of the wrist joint should thus be considered as influential factors which might alter the dynamic performances, and may result in further injury of the elbow joint.

  17. Electromyographic assessment of forearm muscle function in tennis players with and without Lateral Epicondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizadehkhaiyat, Omid; Frostick, Simon P

    2015-12-01

    There is no consensus about the main aetiology of Lateral Epicondylitis (LE) or Tennis Elbow. While electromyographic assessment of alterations in neuromuscular control and activation patterns of forearm muscles has received increasing interest as potential intrinsic factors in non-tennis players, there has been insufficient attention in tennis players. The purpose of present review was to search the literature for the electromyographic studies of forearm muscles in tennis players in order to (1) identify related implications for LE, (2) highlight key technical and methodological shortcomings, and (3) suggest potential pathways for future research. An electronic search of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholars (1980 to October 2014) was conducted. Titles, abstracts, and full-text articles were screened to identify "peer-reviewed" studies specifically looking into "electromyographic assessment of forearm muscles" in "tennis players". After screening 104 articles, 13 original articles were considered in the main review involving a total of 216 participants (78% male, 22% female). There were indications of increased wrist extensor activity in all tennis strokes and less experienced single-handed players, however with insufficient evidence to support their relationship with the development of LE. Studies varied widely in study population, sample size, gender, level of tennis skills, electrode type, forearm muscles studied, EMG recording protocol, EMG normalisation method, and reported parameters. As a result, it was not possible to present combined results of existing studies and draw concrete conclusions in terms of clinical implications of findings. There is a need for establishment of specific guidelines and recommendations for EMG assessment of forearm musculature particularly in terms of electrode and muscle selection. Further studies of both healthy controls and tennis players suffering from LE with adequate sample sizes and well-defined demographics

  18. Ultrasonographic findings of healing of torn tendon in the patients with lateral epicondylitis after prolotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jae Hyung; Song, In Sup; Lee, Jong Beom; Lee, Hea Yeon; Yoo, Seung Min; Yang, Sung Joon; Seo, Kyung Muk; Kim, Don Gyu [Chungang University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic findings of healing in torn common extensor tendon of elbow after prolotherapy and to evaluate the value of US in the course of management of lateral epicondylitis. 12 common extensor tendons in eleven patients were examined by sonography before and after prolotherapy. On initial US examination, 11 tendons showed a partial tear and one tendon showed a full thickness but incomplete width tear. All patients were managed with prolotherapy several times(2 to 6 times). The time interval between the initial US and follow up US examination after treatment was from 4.5 to 6.5 months(mean ; 5.8 months). The findings of healing were evaluated with respect to the change of echogenicity(anechoic focus, hypoechoic focus), presence or absence of fibrillar pattern in the tendon on gray scale US, and focus of hypervascularity on color Doppler image. We used the visual analogue scale(VAS) of pain to assess the response to the treatment. All patients showed symptom improvement as the points drop on VAS in a range between 1.5 and 6.5(mean ; 4.5). In one tendon, a few echogenic lines were seen within the initially anechoic lesion(pattern I). In three tendons, most of the anechoic lesion(tear) was filled with fibrillar echogenicity except for a small focus of anechogenicity(pattern II). In two tendons, initial anechoic lesion in common extensor tendon was changed to same sized hypoechoic lesion with diffuse fibrillar pattern within the initial anechoic lesion (pattern III). In 6 tendons, initial anechoic lesion became smaller with diffuse fibrillar pattern were seen(pattern IV). Color Doppler examination was performed in 11 tendons after therapy and six of 11 tendons showed hypervascularity. Most important finding of healing in torn tendon is reappearance of fibrillar pattern in initial anechoic lesion(tear). The follow up sonography of the common extensor tendon in the course of treatment can be useful to evaluate the effects

  19. Ultrasonographic findings of healing of torn tendon in the patients with lateral epicondylitis after prolotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic findings of healing in torn common extensor tendon of elbow after prolotherapy and to evaluate the value of US in the course of management of lateral epicondylitis. 12 common extensor tendons in eleven patients were examined by sonography before and after prolotherapy. On initial US examination, 11 tendons showed a partial tear and one tendon showed a full thickness but incomplete width tear. All patients were managed with prolotherapy several times(2 to 6 times). The time interval between the initial US and follow up US examination after treatment was from 4.5 to 6.5 months(mean ; 5.8 months). The findings of healing were evaluated with respect to the change of echogenicity(anechoic focus, hypoechoic focus), presence or absence of fibrillar pattern in the tendon on gray scale US, and focus of hypervascularity on color Doppler image. We used the visual analogue scale(VAS) of pain to assess the response to the treatment. All patients showed symptom improvement as the points drop on VAS in a range between 1.5 and 6.5(mean ; 4.5). In one tendon, a few echogenic lines were seen within the initially anechoic lesion(pattern I). In three tendons, most of the anechoic lesion(tear) was filled with fibrillar echogenicity except for a small focus of anechogenicity(pattern II). In two tendons, initial anechoic lesion in common extensor tendon was changed to same sized hypoechoic lesion with diffuse fibrillar pattern within the initial anechoic lesion (pattern III). In 6 tendons, initial anechoic lesion became smaller with diffuse fibrillar pattern were seen(pattern IV). Color Doppler examination was performed in 11 tendons after therapy and six of 11 tendons showed hypervascularity. Most important finding of healing in torn tendon is reappearance of fibrillar pattern in initial anechoic lesion(tear). The follow up sonography of the common extensor tendon in the course of treatment can be useful to evaluate the effects

  20. COMPARITIVE STUDY OF LOCAL STEROID INJECTION VERSUS AUTOLOGOUS BLOOD INJECTION THERAPY FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF LATERAL EPICONDYLITI S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Partap

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES : Local corticosteroid infiltration is a common practice of treatment for lateral epicondylitis. In recent studies no statistically significant or clinically relevant results in favour of corticosteroid injections were found. The injection of autologous blood has been reported to be effective for both intermediate and long - term outcomes. It is hypothesized that blood contains growth factors, which induce the healing cascade. METHODS : A total of 50 patients were included in this prospective randomized study. Patients were divided in 2 groups of 25 patients each. Group I received 2 ml local corticosteroid +1 ml 2% lignocaine, Group II received 2 ml autologous blood drawn from ipsilateral upper limb vein +1 ml 2% lignocaine, and at the lateral epicondyle. Outcome was measured using a pain score (VAS . Follow - up was continued for tota l of six months. RESULTS : The corticosteroid injection group showed a statistically significant decrease in pain compared with autologous blood injection group at six weeks follow up. At final six - month follow - up, autologous blood injection group showed st atistically significant decrease in pain compared with corticosteroid injection group. CONCLUSIONS : Autologous blood injection is efficient compared with corticosteroid injection, with less side - effects and minimum recurrence rate in long term.

  1. Effects of corticosteroid on the expressions of neuropeptide and cytokine mRNA and on tenocyte viability in lateral epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Soo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine the reaction mechanism of corticosteroid by analyzing the expression patterns of neuropeptides (substance P (SP, calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP and of cytokines (interleukin (IL-1α, tumor growth factor (TGF-β after corticosteroid treatment in lateral epicondylitis. In addition, we also investigated whether corticosteroid influenced tenocyte viability. Methods The corticosteroid triamcinolone acetonide (TAA was applied to cultured tenocytes of lateral epicondylitis, and the changes in the mRNA expressions of neuropeptides and cytokines and tenocyte viabilities were analyzed at seven time points. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and an MTT assay were used. Results The expression of SP mRNA was maximally inhibited by TAA at 24 hours but recovered at 72 hours, and the expressions of CGRP mRNA and IL-1α mRNA were inhibited at 24 and 3 hours, respectively. The expression of TGF-β mRNA was not significant. Tenocyte viability was significantly reduced by TAA at 24 hours. Conclusions We postulate that the reaction mechanism predominantly responsible for symptomatic relief after a corticosteroid injection involves the inhibitions of neuropeptides and cytokines, such as, CGRP and IL-1α. However the tenocyte viability was compromised by a corticosteroid.

  2. MR imaging of epicondylitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, C.E.; Schweitzer, M.E. [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    1998-03-01

    Objective. To systematically evaluate the MR findings in patients with epicondylitis compared with asymptomatic volunteers. Design and patients. We imaged 43 elbows: 24 with epicondylitis (22 lateral, 2 medial) diagnosed by clinical examination, and 19 in 16 normal volunteers. MRI was performed at 1.5 T using axial T1-weighted, axial fat-saturated FSE, and coronal or sagittal Fast STIR sequences. Two independent observers evaluated the images for intratendon signal, tendon thickening, periosteal reaction, fluid in the radial head bursa, and anconeus edema. Results. All 24 patients with epicondylitis had increased signal on fat-saturated FSE and Fast STIR images. Twenty-two of these patients had increased intratendon T1 signal, and 19 had tendon thickening. No patient demonstrated fluid in the radial head bursa or periosteal reaction. Only two patients had subtle anconeus edema, while three patients unexpectedly had increased T2 signal within the involved epicondyle. One asymptomatic volunteer (high-performance athlete) had increased T1 and T2 signal with tendon thickening. An additional two asymptomatic volunteers had increased T1 signal only. Conclusion. MRI of epicondylitis demonstrates tendon thickening with increased T1 and T2 signal, but these findings may be seen in a small minority of asymptomatic individuals. Anconeus edema, previously demonstrated on MRI in epicondylitis, was only rarely found, and distension of the radial head bursa, surgically described, was not seen. Increased marrow T2 signal within the involved epicondyle is occasionally seen. (orig.) With 2 figs., 49 refs.

  3. Surgical treatment of refractory lateral epicondylitis%顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的外科治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新涛; 张文涛

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of surgical treatment for refractory lateral epicondylitis. Methods The modified Nirschl procedure was performed under local anesthesia in 21 patients with refractory lateral epicondylitis from January,2007 to December, 2009 in our hospital. A visual analog scale(VAS) scoring was used to evaluate the degree of pain pre - and post - treatment. Elbow function was evaluated with Nirschl & Pettrone grading system. Results Twenty - one patients underwent open surgical treatment for chronic refractory lateral epicondylitis. The average follow - up was 23.6 months. The preoperative VAS scores of pain were an average of 6.21 at rest,7.10 at daily activities,and 8.76 at sports or occupational activities. After surgery, the VAS scores were improved significantly: 0.83 at rest, 1.46 at daily activities, and 2.22 at sports or occupational activities. According to the grading systern by Nirschl & Pettrone,the elbow function was excellent in 13 cases,good in 7 cases,and fair in one case. Twenty patients ( 95.2% ) achieved satisfactory results. One patient developed subcutaneous cystic mass( n = 1 )postoperatively due to the leakage of joint fluid,which was removed under local anesthesia.Conclusion The modified Nirschl procedure is effective for refractory lateral epicondylitis.%目的 探讨顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的手术治疗效果.方法 2007年1月至2009年12月,我科采用局部麻醉下Nirschl改良手术治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎21例,术后通过VAS疼痛评分和Nirschl & Pettrone分级评估患肘疼痛和功能改善情况.结果 21例患者平均随访时间23.6个月.VAS疼痛评分术前休息时为6.21,日常活动时7.10,体育活动时8.76;术后休息时为0.83,日常活动时1.46,体育活动时2.22.术前、术后两者比较差异均有统计学意义.术后Nirschl & Pettrone肘关节功能分级优13例,良7例,中1例,优良率95.2%.1例患者术后出现肘关节囊壁破裂后关节滑液积聚

  4. Ultrasonographic assessment of tendon thickness, Doppler activity and bony spurs of the elbow in patients with lateral epicondylitis and healthy subjects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, T P; Fredberg, U; Christensen, Robin;

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: Tennis elbow, also known as lateral epicondylitis (LE), is a common disorder often assessed by ultrasound. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrasonographic outcomes and methods used in LE research and clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as an intra...

  5. Magnetic resonance imaging of lateral epicondylitis of the elbow with a 0.2-T dedicated system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steinborn, M.; Heuck, A.; Bonel, H.; Reiser, M. [Department of Radiology, Ludwig Maximilians Univ., Muenchen (Germany); Jessel, C. [Department of Orthopedics, Ludwig Maximilians Univ., Muenchen (Germany)

    1999-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate MR imaging findings of the common extensor tendon in patients with lateral epicondylitis and asymptomatic volunteers studied on a 0.2-T dedicated system. In 23 patients (age range 29-58 years, mean age 47 years) with clinical symptoms of lateral epicondylitis MR imaging was performed using T1-, T2- and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted spin-echo sequences. In addition, the elbows of seven healthy volunteers (age range 22-29 years, mean age 25 years) and the symptom-free contralateral elbow of 11 of the 23 patients (age range 29-58 years, mean age 47 years) were studied as controls. Five patients were surgically treated after the MR examination and the results of histopathology were correlated with MR findings. Of the patients, 95.6 % showed intratendinous signal intensity changes on T1-weighted images on the symptomatic side. In 69.6 % signal alterations were observed on T2-weighted sequences and in 56.5 % an intratendinous contrast enhancement was present. Histopathology showed fibrovascular proliferation and fatty degeneration in patients with distinct signal intensity changes and contrast enhancement. Patients with only minor signal intensity changes on T1- and T2-weighted sequences and no contrast enhancement demonstrated fibrosclerotic degeneration and intratendinous cartilage formation in histopathology. The contralateral elbow showed signal intensity changes in 6 of 11 (54.5 %) cases on T1-weighted images and in 3 of 11 (27.3 %) on T2-weighted images. In the group of healthy volunteers minor signal intensity changes of the common extensor tendon could be seen in only 1 case. In patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow the type and extent of pathologic changes within the common extensor tendon can be evaluated using a dedicated low-field MR system. On the basis of MR imaging findings a more specified therapy planning among the variety of treatment modalities can be achieved. (orig.) With 3 figs., 5 tabs., 15 refs.

  6. The effect of oscillating-energy manual therapy on lateral epicondylitis: a randomized, placebo-control, double-blinded study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourbakhsh, Mohammad Reza; Fearon, Frank J

    2008-01-01

    Symptoms of lateral epicondylitis (LE) are attributed to degenerative changes and inflammatory reactions in the common extensor tendon induced by microscopic tears in the tissue after repetitive or overload functions of the wrist and hand extensor muscles. Conventional treatments, provided on the premise of inflammatory basis of LE, have shown 39-80% failure rate. An alternative approach suggests that symptoms of LE could be due to active tender points developed in the origin of hand and wrist extensor muscles after overuse or repetitive movements. Oscillating-energy Manual Therapy (OEMT), also known as V-spread, is a craniosacral manual technique that has been clinically used for treating tender points over the suture lines in the skull. Considering symptoms of LE may result from active tender points, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of OEMT on pain, grip strength, and functional abilities of subjects with chronic LE. Twenty-three subjects with chronic LE (>3mo) between ages of 24 and 72 years participated in this study. Before their participation, all subjects were screened to rule out cervical and other pathologies that could possibly contribute to their lateral elbow pain. Subjects who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into treatment and placebo treatment groups by a second (treating) therapist. Subjects were blinded to their group assignment. Subjects in the treatment group received OEMT for six sessions. During each treatment session, first a tender point was located through palpation. After proper hand placement, the therapist focused the direction of the oscillating energy on the localized tender point. Subjects in the placebo group underwent the same procedure, but the direction of the oscillating energy was directed to an area above or below the tender points, not covering the affected area. Jamar Dynamometer, Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS), and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) were used to measure grip strength

  7. MR imaging of patients with lateral epicondylitis of the elbow: is the common extensor tendon an isolated lesion?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Qi

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an injury of the common extensor tendon (CET is associated with other abnormalities in the elbow joint and find the potential relationships between these imaging features by using a high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. METHODS: Twenty-three patients were examined with 3.0 T MR. Two reviewers were recruited for MR images evaluation. Image features were recorded in terms of (1 the injury degree of CET; (2 associated injuries in the elbow joint. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was performed to analyze the relationships between the injury degree of CET and associated abnormalities of the elbow joint, correlations were considered significant at p<0.05. RESULTS: Total 24 elbows in 23 patients were included. Various degrees of injuries were found in total 24 CETs (10 mild, 7 moderate and 7 severe. Associated abnormalities were detected in accompaniments of the elbow joints including ligaments, tendons, saccussynovialis and muscles. A significantly positive correlation (r = 0.877,p<0.01 was found in injuries of CET and lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL. CONCLUSION: Injury of the CET is not an isolated lesion for lateral picondylitis, which is mostly accompanied with other abnormalities, of which the LUCL injury is the most commonly seen in lateral epicondylitis, and there is a positive correlation between the injury degree in CET and LUCL.

  8. Ultrasonographic findings of Epicondylitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwak, Seo Hyun; Song, In Sup; Lee, Jong Beum; Lee, Hwa Yeon; Yoo, Seung Min; Yang, Seong Jun [Yong San Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Seo, Kyung Mook [Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-09-15

    To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonographic findings of the common extensor and flexor tendon in evaluation of patients with lateral and medial epicondylitis. Thirty eight elbows from twenty four patients (mean age=45.2 years) were included. Ultrasonographic examination was performed to evaluate lateral or medial epicondylitis. Epicondylitis was divided into five groups according to the severity of disease: 1) normal, 2) tendinopathy, 3) tendinopathy with a partial tear, partial tear and 4) complete tear. Change in the size of a tendon, bony change of the epicondylitis, presence or absence of calcification or echogenic foci in the common tendon and hypervascularity for each categories were also assessed. In addition, these lesions were divided into the superficial and deep according to the location of lesions. According to the severity, there were 15 cases of normal, 13 tendinopathies, 8 tendinopathies with a partial tear, 2 partial tears and 0 complete tear. Bony change was seen only in tendinopathy, tendinopathy with partial tear and partial tear. Calcification or echogenic foci were only observed in cases with tendinopathy and tendinopathy with partial tear. Hypervascularity was only seen in one case of tendinopathy. With thorough understanding of ultrasonographic findings of epicondylitis, ultrasonographic examination can be especially useful and effective in evaluating the severity and location of lesions.

  9. A Case Study of 20 Patients with Lateral Epicondylitis of the Elbow by Using Hwachim (Burning Acupuncture Therapy and Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seho Jung

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was performed to estimate the effectiveness of burning acupuncture therapy (Hwachim and sweet bee venom pharmacopuncture (S-BV pharmacopuncture in treating lateral epicondylitis of elbow. Methods: We selected 33 patients at first, but 13 patients were excluded due to unclear medical records. Finally, a total of 20 patients who had received treatment from January 2012 to December 2013 were included in this study; all 20 patients had undergone Hwachim for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis of elbow, and 19 of the 20 had been treated with S-BV pharmacopuncture (Korea Pharmacopuncture Institute, KPI and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS as an ancillary treatment method. The degrees of pain of the 20 patients were evaluated by using the visual analogue scale (VAS score at their first and final visits. The Wilcoxon signed rank test and the Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare the VAS scores statistically. Results: The VAS score had decreased significantly from 10.00 ± 0.00 to 4.00 ± 2.47 (P = 0.000 by the end of the treatment. No significant changes were observed based on the number of treatments (P = 0.246, the age of the patients (P = 0.810, the duration of the illness (P = 0.705, and the location of the lesion (P = 0.076. Conclusion: This study suggests Hwachim and S-BV pharmacopuncture are very effective for treating lateral epicondylitis of the elbow.

  10. Role of extracorporeal shockwave therapy and injectable corticosteroids in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis: a comparative study of 100 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogesh Sharma

    2016-09-01

    Results: The mean VAS in both groups reduced from 8.47 and 8.53 to 2.51 and 1.67 respectively at the end of the follow up (p <0.001 .The mean PRTEE score in Group A reduced from 80.59 to 26.53 (p<0.001 and Group B from 82.76 to 13.59 (p<0.05. In Group A (ESWT, the average reduction In PRTEE Score at the end of follow up was 54.06 and Group B (steroids was 69.16. The difference was found to be statistically significant (p<0.001 favouring steroid injections. Conclusions: Both ESWT and steroid injections were found to be effective in producing symptomatic pain relief and improving the functional disability in the management of lateral epicondylitis. The comparison of both modalities showed a statistically significant improvement in pain and functional disability in favour of steroids at a short duration of follow up i.e., 03 weeks, 06 weeks and 06 months. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(9.000: 4055-4060

  11. Avaliação dos resultados do tratamento artroscópico da epicondilite lateral Evaluation of the results of arthroscopic treatment of the lateral epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Naoki Miyazaki

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados dos pacientes com epicondilite lateral tratados cirurgicamente pela técnica artroscópica. MÉTODOS: Vinte pacientes foram operados pela técnica artroscópica. A idade variou de 19 a 54 anos (média de 41 anos e oito meses, sendo 12 (60% pacientes do sexo feminino e oito (40%, do masculino. O seguimento mínimo foi de 12 meses e o máximo, de 48 meses, sendo a média de 20 meses. Todos os casos eram refratários ao tratamento conservador (repouso e fisioterapia, com tempo de tratamento clínico prévio variando entre seis e 136 meses. Para a avaliação dos resultados utilizamos os critérios da Associação Médica Americana (AMA, modificados por Bruce. RESULTADOS: Obtivemos 13 (65% resultados excelentes e sete (13% regulares, com apenas uma complicação (distrofia simpático-reflexa. Este foi o único caso que referiu não estar satisfeito. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento cirúrgico pela técnica artroscópica da epicondilite lateral do cotovelo representa uma boa opção para 65% dos casos.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results in patients with lateral epicondylitis surgically treated by the arthroscopy technique. METHODS: Twenty patients were submitted to surgery by the arthroscopic technique. Age ranged from 19 to 54 years (average 41 years and eight months. Twelve (60% of the patients were female and eight (40% male. The minimum follow-up period was 12 months and the maximum period, 48 months, with an average of 20 months. All the cases were refractory to conservative treatment (rest and physiotherapy, with previous clinical treatment times varying ranging from six to 136 months. For the evaluation of the results, we used the criteria of the American Medical Association (AMA, modified by Bruce. RESULTS: We obtained 13 (65% excellent results and seven (13% regular results, with just one complication (reflex sympathetic dystrophy. This was the only patient who reported dissatisfaction. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment

  12. Comparison of Effectiveness of Supervised Exercise Program and Cyriax Physiotherapy in Patients with Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajadurai Viswas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To compare the effectiveness of supervised exercise program and Cyriax physiotherapy in the treatment of tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis. Design. Randomized clinical trial. Setting. Physiotherapy and rehabilitation centre. Subjects. This study was carried out with 20 patients, who had tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis. Intervention. Group A (=10 had received supervised exercise program. Group B (=10 was treated with Cyriax physiotherapy. All patients received three treatment sessions per week for four weeks (12 treatment sessions. Outcome measures. Pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS, and functional status was evaluated by completion of the Tennis Elbow Function Scale (TEFS which were recorded at base line and at the end of fourth week. Results. Both the supervised exercise program and Cyriax physiotherapy were found to be significantly effective in reduction of pain and in the improvement of functional status. The supervised exercise programme resulted in greater improvement in comparison to those who received Cyriax physiotherapy. Conclusion. The results of this clinical trial demonstrate that the supervised exercise program may be the first treatment choice for therapist in managing tennis elbow.

  13. Physiotherapy alone or in combination with corticosteroid injection for acute lateral epicondylitis in general practice: A protocol for a randomised, placebo-controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holmedal Øystein

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lateral epicondylitis is a painful condition responsible for loss of function and sick leave for long periods of time. In many countries, the treatment guidelines recommend a wait-and-see policy, reflecting that no conclusions on the best treatment can be drawn from the available research, published studies and meta-analyses. Methods/Design Randomized double blind controlled clinical trial in a primary care setting. While earlier trials have either compared corticosteroid injections to physical therapy or to naproxen orally, we will compare the clinical effect of physiotherapy alone or physiotherapy combined with corticosteroid injection in the initial treatment of acute tennis elbow. Patients seeing their general practitioner with lateral elbow pain of recent onset will be randomised to one of three interventions: 1: physiotherapy, corticosteroid injection and naproxen or 2: physiotherapy, placebo injection and naproxen or 3: wait and see treatment with naproxen alone. Treatment and assessments are done by two different doctors, and the contents of the injection is unknown to both the treating doctor and patient. The primary outcome measure is the patient's evaluation of improvement after 6, 12, 26 and 52 weeks. Secondary outcome measures are pain, function and severity of main complaint, pain-free grip strength, maximal grip strength, pressure-pain threshold, the patient's satisfaction with the treatment and duration of sick leave. Conclusion This article describes a randomized, double blind, controlled clinical trial with a one year follow up to investigate the effects of adding steroid injections to physiotherapy in acute lateral epicondylitis. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00826462

  14. Eccentric Strengthening for Chronic Lateral Epicondylosis

    OpenAIRE

    Wen, Dennis Y.; Schultz, Brian J.; Schaal, Bob; Graham, Scott T.; Kim, Byung Sung

    2011-01-01

    Background: Effective treatments for chronic lateral epicondylosis have not been studied adequately. Eccentric overload exercises have been used with success for other chronic tendinopathy, mainly Achilles and patellar. Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare a wrist extensor eccentric strengthening exercise program with a wrist extensor stretching/modality program for the treatment of chronic lateral epicondylosis. The authors hypothesized that the eccentric strengthening program would produce more f...

  15. 冰球运动员肱骨外上髁炎的防治%Treatment and Precaution on the Ice Hockey Players' Humeral Lateral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文岳; 宋克宁

    2011-01-01

    The incidence of ice hockey players'athletic injuries is high because it's not only a fierce confrontational event with heavy intensity, fast speed, high difficulty and continual body contact, but also an athletic event with high requirement of muscle strength and flexility. Humeral lateral epieondylitis is one of the ice hockey players'most common athletic injuries, which is related with their frequent swinging the stick to hit the puck in playing. Wrong or delayed treatment and precaution will badly influence their athletic life and even their future daily living. By analyzing its pathogeny and pathology, the paper indicates the ice hockey players' common symptoms physical sign and diagnosis of humeral lateral epicondylitis. It many - sidedly puts forward and demonstrates the treatment and precaution against the players'humeral lateral epicondylitis.%冰球运动是一项强度大、速度快、难度高并且身体接触频繁的激烈对抗性体育运动,也是一项对肌肉力量素质和柔韧性素质要求很高的运动项目,运动损伤的发生率较高。肱骨外上髁炎在冰球运动员群体中是最常见的运动损伤之一,主要是运动员经常挥拍击球有关,如预防和治疗不正确、不及时,不仅会严重影响运动员的运动寿命,甚至影响今后的日常生活。分析和总结了冰球运动员肱骨外上髁炎发生的病因病理,指出了冰球运动员肱骨外上髁炎的常见症状、体征和诊断要点,从多方面提出和论证了冰球运动员肱骨外上髁炎的治疗和预防措施。

  16. Application of MRI in Comprehensive Evaluation of Lateral Epicondylitis of the Elbow%运用MRI对肱骨外上髁炎的综合性评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁良; 李锋; 艾飞; 王德杭; 吴飞云; 施海彬; 王仁法

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨肱骨外上髁炎MRI的综合表现.方法 对经临床诊断的23例肱骨外上髁炎患者共24个肘关节分别行MRI检查,按伸肌总腱损伤程度分为轻、中和重度,观察患者是否合并其他损伤,包括桡侧尺副韧带损伤,桡侧副韧带损伤,内侧副韧带损伤,伸肌损伤、骨质损伤、关节腔积液、肱二头肌腱损伤等.将韧带的损伤分为轻、中和重度三级.对伸肌总腱和桡侧尺副韧带的损伤程度作Spearman等级相关分析,P<0.05认为有显著相关.结果 伸肌总腱轻度损伤10例,中度7例,重度7例.合并桡侧尺副韧带损伤22例(轻度9例,中度6例,重度7例),桡侧副韧带损伤8例,内侧副韧带损伤3例,伸肌损伤7例,骨质损伤5例,关节腔积液6例,肱二头肌腱损伤1例,肘肌损伤7例.伸肌总腱与桡侧尺副韧带的损伤程度呈正相关(r,=0.852,P<0.01).结论 肱骨外上髁炎并非单一的伸肌总腱病变,多合并其他改变,并且随着伸肌总腱损伤的加重,桡侧尺副韧带损伤也加重,对诊疗具有重要的指导作用.%Objective To evaluate comprehensive MRI findings of lateral epicondylitis of elbow.Methods 23 cases of clinical diagnosed lateral epicondylitis including 24 elbows underwent MRI examination.The injury of the common extensor tendon was graded as mild,moderate or severe,and associated injuries were observed,such as lateral ulnar collateral ligament,radial collateral ligament,medial collateral ligament,the common extensor muscle,bone,joint effusion,biceps tendon.The injury of the ligament was graded as mild,moderate and severe too.Spearman's rank correlative analysis was performed to compare the injury of the common extensor tendon with that of lateral ulnar collateral ligament,correlations were considered significant at P < 0.05.Results Mild injury of common extensor tendon were detected in 10 elbows,7 elbows with moderate injury,and 7 with severe injury.22 elbows were associated with injury of

  17. 肱骨外上髁炎痛点封闭治疗220例护理观察%Local corticosteroid injection for lateral humeral epicondylitis: Observation of 220 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊; 徐建达; 胡素琴; 程秀红

    2011-01-01

    目的 肱骨外上髁炎是肘部软组织损伤常见的疾病,治疗上多以保守治疗为主,且方法多样,文中旨在观察肱骨外上髁炎痛点封闭治疗的临床疗效及护理指导.方法 从2009年12月至2010年3月期间对220例肱骨外上髁炎病例进行局部痛点封闭注射醋酸泼尼松,观察临床疗效.结果 96%患者获得回访并取得了满意疗效,优良率为96.0%,半年后复发者4例,1年后复发者2例,复发率为3%.结论 局部痛点封闭治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效确切,可作为保守治疗肱骨外上髁炎的首选方法.%Objective Lateral humeral epicondylitis is a common disease of soft tissue injuries of the elbow, and generally treated by corticosteroid injection. The authors investigated the clinical effectiveness of local corticosteroid injection in the treatment of lateral humeral epicondylitis. Methods A total of 220 patients with lateral humeral epicondylitis were injected with prednisone acetate deep into the myofascial tissue of the tender spot of the lateral humeral epicondyle, and the clinical effectiveness was observed. Results Satisfactory results were achieved in 201 of the patients, with an excellence rate of 96.0%. Occurrence was found in 4 cases 6 months later and in 2 cases 12 months later, with an occurrence rate of 3.0%. Conclusion Local corticosteroid injection is a pre ferable option for the treatment of lateral humeral epicondylitis.

  18. Supinated forearm is correlated with the onset of medial epicondylitis in professional slalom water-skiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Donato; Di Donato, Sigismondo Luca; Balato, Giovanni; D’Addona, Alessio; Schonauer, Fabrizio

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background prolonged and laborious activities involving wrists and forearms has been long associated with the onset of epicondylitis. Slalom water-skiing can be included in this category. The purpose of the study is to analyse the correlation between the pronated or supinated position of forearms during water-skiing practice and the presence respectively of lateral and medial epicondylitis. Methods sixty-six pro and semi-pro slalom water-skiers were enrolled in the study. A questionnaire was submitted to each athlete. Diagnosis of lateral or medial epicondylitis was made through anamnesis and clinical exam by an expert orthopaedic surgeon. Chi-squared were performed for categorical variables, and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous ones. Results from 116 upper limbs examined, we observed 15 (12.9%) cases of lateral epicondylitis, 30 (25.9%) cases of medial epicondylitis, 10 (8.6%) were affected by both lateral and medial epicondylitis. Lateral and medial epicondylitis were associated (95% C.I.=2,489–26,355; P=<0,001) and the supinated position was correlated with medial epicondylitis (95% C.I.=1,529–9,542; P=0.003). Conclusion slalom water-skiing can be considered a high-risk sport for epicondylitis. In slalom water-skiers there is a correlation between development of lateral and medial epicondylitis in the same upper limb. Supinated position of forearms is strongly associated with the diagnosis of medial epicondylitis. PMID:27331043

  19. A randomized clinical trial on comparison of corticosteroid injection with or without splinting versus saline injection with or without splinting in patients with lateral epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Tahririan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lateral epicondylitis is a common problem affecting 1-3% of the population. There has been much debate about the best treatment modality for this condition. There is, however, no conclusive evidence in support of any of the proposed treatment modalities. In this trial, we have studied the effect of corticosteroid injection (with or without splinting with normal saline injection (with or without splinting. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, individuals were randomly assigned to either of four treatment groups and received either 40 mg depomedrol injection alone, 40 mg depomedrol injection with splinting, normal saline injection alone, or normal saline injection with splinting. They were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS at weeks 2, 4 and 24 and with the Oxford elbow scale (OES at 24 weeks. Results: A total of 79 patients were participated in the study. The corticosteroid injection groups had better pain relief as measured by VAS at 2 and 4 weeks compared with the two saline injection groups. Mean VAS difference at week 0 versus week 2 was 4.5 ± 0.9 and 2.8 ± 0.6 in corticosteroid injection groups and saline injection groups respectively (P < 0.01 but at 24 weeks, there was only moderate benefit reported for the group which received steroid injection and splinting (P < 0.01 compared to the saline injection groups. The saline injection groups reported better improvement in OES scores (20.1 ± 3.7 at the end of the trial compared corticosteroid injection groups (16.1 ± 2.9 (P < 0.05. Conclusion: Our results indicate that despite the clear pain reduction benefit associated with steroid injection in short term, this benefit in comparison with normal saline injection fades by the 24 th week of follow-up.

  20. Treatment of refractory lateral epicondylitis with modified Nirschl surgical technique%改良Nirschl术式治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张川; 张作君; 王俊颀; 牛素玲; 昌中孝; 赵明; 杨林平; 许海燕; 夏凯

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨改良Nirschl术式治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法:2009年3月至2011年1月,共收治顽固性单纯肱骨外上髁炎21例(21肘),男8例,女13例;年龄25~59岁,平均(48.3±13.4)岁;优势侧16例,非优势侧5例.发病时间8~33个月,平均(17.1±7.7)个月,患者均接受过多种非手术治疗.采用小切口下桡侧腕短伸肌腱起点清理术,即改良Nirschl术式进行治疗,病变涉及指总伸肌腱者予以指总伸肌腱病变部分切除.术后切口部位冰敷2d,石膏托行肘关节制动1周后开始肘部力量和活动度锻炼,腕关节制动2周后行手部和腕部活动度和力量锻炼及正常日常活动.术后随访记录患者休息疼痛情况、手部握力和患者满意度,根据Verhaar网球肘疗效评分评价恢复情况.结果:21例失访4例,17例术后获得随访,时间13~22个月,平均16.3个月.根据Verhaar网球肘疗效评价,结果仇15例,良2例,无肘关节不稳定等并发症出现.结论:单纯顽固性肱骨外上髁炎可通过行改良Nirschl术式取得良好疗效,其关键在于对并发疾病的排除和准确诊断,以及术中病变组织准确切除.%To investigate the clinical effects of modified Nirschl surgical technique in treating refractory lateral epicondylitis. Methods:From March 2009 to January 2011,21 patients (21 elbows) with refractory lateral epicondylitis were treated in our hospital. There were 8 males and 13 females,ranged in age from 25 to 59 years with an average of (48.3± 13.4) years and the duration time from 8 to 33 months with an average of (17.1 ±7.7) months;affected position in dominant sides of 16 cases and non-dominant sides of 5 cases. The patients had already received multiple non-operative treatments. Modified Nirschl surgical technique was performed, and operative origination from origin of musculus extensor carpi radialis brevis to discard process with small incision, the process place of extensor digitorum

  1. Eccentric Strengthening for Chronic Lateral Epicondylosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Dennis Y.; Schultz, Brian J.; Schaal, Bob; Graham, Scott T.; Kim, Byung Sung

    2011-01-01

    Background: Effective treatments for chronic lateral epicondylosis have not been studied adequately. Eccentric overload exercises have been used with success for other chronic tendinopathy, mainly Achilles and patellar. Hypothesis/Purpose: To compare a wrist extensor eccentric strengthening exercise program with a wrist extensor stretching/modality program for the treatment of chronic lateral epicondylosis. The authors hypothesized that the eccentric strengthening program would produce more favorable results than a stretching/modality program. Study Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial. Methods: Twenty-eight adults with lateral epicondylosis of greater than 4 weeks’ duration were randomized to an eccentric strengthening group or a stretching group. Exercises were taught by a physical therapist, and participants performed most of the exercises on their own at home. Pain scores with visual analog scale from 0 to 100 were obtained at baseline and then at 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 weeks after the start of the exercise program. Results: Both groups improved their pain scores from baseline to the 4-week time point, followed by nonsignificant further decreases in pain scores thereafter. No statistically significant differences were found between the eccentric strengthening group and stretching groups at any follow-up time point. Conclusions: Despite previous reports documenting favorable results with eccentric exercises for other tendinopathy, the authors were unable to show any statistical advantage to eccentric exercises for lateral epicondylosis during these periods compared with local modalities and stretching exercises. PMID:23016049

  2. 中医综合疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎33例临床观察%Clinical Observation of Lateral Epicondylitis with TCM Comprehensive Therapy:33 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜海

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察运用理筋推拿、中药熏洗和运动练功综合治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效。方法:将63例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分成治疗组和对照组,对照组予以局部封闭注射治疗;治疗组运用推拿理筋、中药熏洗及运动练功综合治疗,观察两组疗效、VAS评分及复发率。结果:治疗组总有效率为90.9%,对照组为70%,治疗组的复发率低于对照组,治疗1年后治疗组VAS评分低于对照组,两组差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:运用理筋推拿、中药熏洗和运动练功综合疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎具有疗效优势。%Objective Explore the effect using Manipulation,Herbal Fumigation and Kinesitherapy to treat Lateral Epicondylitis. Methods 63 cases of Lateral Epicondylitis were randomly divided into treatment group and control group:control group were given block therapy,treatment group were given Manipulation,Herbal Fumigation and Kinesitherapy .Results The total effective rate of treatment group was higher than that of the control group,the recurrence rate of treatment group was lower than the control group,the VAS score of treatment group was lower than that of the control group After 1 years.Conclusion The advantage of curative effect using Manipulation,Herbal Fumigation and Kinesitherapy to treat Lateral epicondylitis.

  3. 3.0 T MR imaging manifestation in lateral epicondylitis: correlation with pathological characters%肱骨外上髁炎的3.0T磁共振表现及病理对照分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁建晓; 吕海莲

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the 3. 0 T MRI appearance of lateral epicondylitis and to investigate the value in the diagnosis of lareral epicondylitis. Age-related changes of the common extensor tendon in asymptomatic persons. Methods:Analyse MR findings of 34 patients with clinical symptoms of tennis elbow and the elbows of 20 healthy volunteers and the symptom-free contralateral elbow of 22 of the 34 patients were studied as controls. Results: In the symptomatic elbows, the common extensor origin (CEO) showed signs of edcma in 34 , thickening in 25 , and partial tears in 11 , and complete tears in 3. 34 patients had unilateral symptoms, 27 in the right arm and 7 in the left arm, 15 patients were surgically treated after the MRI examination. Conclusion:The imagines of 3. 0 T MRI have high diagnosis value in lateral epicondylitis.%目的:分析肱骨外上髁炎的3.0T 磁共振表现,探讨磁共振对肱骨外上髁炎的诊断价值以及肱骨外上髁炎发生率与年龄的相关性.方法:收集临床拟诊肱骨外上髁炎患者34例(侧),和20例(侧)健康志愿者及肱骨外上髁炎患者对侧无症状的肘关节22(侧),回顾性分析、对比其磁共振表现.结果:34例患者MRI均表现为伸肌总腱的异常,主要位于近肱骨附着处.伸肌总腱增厚、信号异常25例,伸肌总腱完全撕裂3例,部分撕裂11例.其中伸肌总腱的病变发生于左侧7例,右侧27例.15例经外科手术证实,与磁共振表现相符.结论:3.0TMRI对肱骨外上髁炎的诊断有较高的价值.肱骨外上髁炎发生率与年龄呈正相关性.

  4. 肱骨上髁炎的磁共振诊断价值%Humeral epicondylitis of diagnostic value of MRI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜庆军; 邱中华; 郁冰冰; 杨晓; 孙钢

    2011-01-01

    目的:评价磁共振成像(MRD在肱骨内、外上髁炎的诊断价值.方法:回顾分析12例肱骨内,外上髁炎病变患者的MRI图像.部分患者与关节手术对照.结果:12例患者中,1例同时患有内、外上髁炎;余11例中,内上髁炎1例,外上髁炎10例;10例外上髁炎显示伸肌总腱增粗,其内不规则高信号,伴或不伴周围程度水肿,其中2例可见肱骨外上髁局部信号异常,1例伴外侧副韧带部分撕裂;2例内上髁炎显示屈肌总腱增粗,伴有信号增高,肱骨内上髁未见明显异常.结论:MRI能显示肌腱的急慢性损伤,显示骨髓水肿,同时,MRI有助于正确诊断和了解较为复杂的肘关节损伤.%Objective: To evaluate MRI in diagnosis for humeral epicondylitis. Methods: Analyzing the MR images of 12patients who suffered epicondylitis retrospectively. The analyzing results were compared with those of operation or arthroscopy. Results: Among these patients , one patient was confirmed medial humeral epicondylitis and lateral humeral epicondylitis simultaneously, ten patients were confirmed lateral epicondylitis. one patient was confirmed medial epicondylitis. The tendons origin at the lateral or medial epicondyles thickened and showed increased signal intensity on all pulse sequence.One patient suffered from the lateral epicondylitis with the lateral ulnar collateral ligament partial teared. Conclusion : MRI can show the acute and chronic injuries of tendons and the edema of the marrow. Meanwhile, MRI is helpful to evaluate the complex elbow injuries.

  5. TREATMENT OF 62 CASES OF EXTERNAL HUMERAL EPICONDYLITIS WITH STILETTO NEEDLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Jian-xin; WEN Zhi-hua

    2006-01-01

    @@ External humeral epicondylitis, also known as brachioradial bursitis, popularly called "tennis elbow" refers to the acute or chronic myofascitis, the injury of the common extensor tendon of the humeral epicondyle. The authors have recently treated 62 cases of the disease by means of stiletto needle, the therapeutic effect of the treatment is so satisfactory, following is the report of the treatment.

  6. Diagnostic value of Color Doppler ultrasonography in lateral epicondylitis%彩色多普勒超声对肱骨外上髁炎的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许华宁; 殷立平; 杨益虎; 徐大华; 周正国; 强也

    2014-01-01

    目的:利用彩色多普勒超声检查(CDUS)观察肱骨外上髁炎(LE)患者肘关节外上髁的超声表现,评价CDUS对LE 的诊断价值。方法对27例临床诊断为LE患者的27个患侧肘关节和18例对照者25个正常肘关节行超声检查,观察肱骨外上髁伸肌总腱的厚度、内部回声、有无钙化、撕裂以及内部血流情况,肱骨外上髁骨质是否光整、有无毛糙,并进行对比分析。结果对照组伸肌总腱平均厚度约(0.40±0.06)cm,LE 组伸肌总腱平均厚度约(0.56±0.13)cm,较对照组明显增厚,差异有统计学意义(t=-5.43,P<0.01)。病变伸肌总腱回声减低,内部可有钙化或撕裂,彩色血流信号较对照组明显增多。肱骨外上髁骨皮质回声毛糙、不光整。结论 CDUS对肱骨外上髁炎具有一定的诊断价值,在临床应用中可作为诊断肱骨外上髁炎的首选检查方法。%Objective By observing the sonographic features of elbow in lateral epicondylitis (LE) with color doppler ultrasonography (CDUS), evaluate the diagnostic value of CDUS in LE. Methods Twenty-seven affected elbows of 27 patients with clinically diagnosed LE and 25 bilateral elbows of 18 normal controls were examined by ultrasound, to obtaining the thickness, internal echo, having calcification and tear or not, and color flow image of extensor tendon. The bone of humeral epicondyle was whether smooth or rough. The results of two group was compared. Results The thickness of extensor tendon was (0.40±0.06) cm in control group and (0.56±0.13) cm in LE group, which was significantly thicker than control group (t=-5.43, P<0.01), and having significantly statistical significance. Internal echo of lesion extensor tendon was hypoechoic, in which, perhaps had calcification or tear. Color doppler flow signal was significantly increasing than control group. The bone of humeral epicondyle was rough or not smooth. Conclusion CDUS has certain

  7. Chronic lateral instability of the foot

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.W.K. Louwerens

    1996-01-01

    textabstractInjmy to the ligaments on the lateral side of the ankle and foot, caused by a sudden excessive inversion andlor torsion of the foot in relation to the leg, is probably the most common everyday injury of the locomotory system. Most of these injuries are sustained during sport, but with in

  8. A preliminary study of mobilization with movement in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis%动态关节松动术治疗肱骨外上髁炎的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑾; 张顺喜; 王新亮; 鞠洪斌; 邓卫兵; 刘月萍; 王东山; 华学锋

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the short-tenn effect of mobilization with movement (MWM) on patients with lateral epicondylitis. Method: Twenty-seven subjects with lateral epicondylitis were enrolled and divided into MWM group (15 cases) and control group (12 cases). The MWM group were treated with single MWM, while the control group were treated with ultrashort wave ( USW) and single ultrasonic wave management Pain-free grip strength (PFG) and maximum grip strength ( MGS) were measured before and after a single intervention. The visual analogue scales ( VAS) of suffering limbs before and after treatments were also recorded. Result: In the MWM group, the PFG affected /MGS unaffected after MWM was much higher than before MWM (0. 80 ±0. 18 vs. 0. 55 ±0. 20, P <0. 05) , and also much higher than the traditional physiotherapy treatment group (0. 80 ± 0. 18 vs. 0. 58 ±0. 18, P <0. 05 ). The VAS of MWM group was much lower than of the traditional physiotherapy treatment group (3.25 ±1.09 vs. 4.29 ±0.61, P<0.05). Conclusion: MWM is effective in reducing pain, increasing active range of motion and promoting strength for patients with lateral epicondylalgia.%目的:初步探讨动态关节松动术( MWM)治疗肱骨外上髁炎的短期疗效.方法:将27例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为MWM组(15例)和对照组(12例).MWM组予单次MWM治疗,对照组予传统物理治疗——单次超短波和超声波治疗.检测两组治疗前后的患侧无痛握力及健、患侧最大握力,取其比值(无痛握力患侧/最大握力健补、最大握力患侧/最大握力健侧)作为参数进行比较.并比较两组治疗前后患肢的视觉模拟评分(VAS).结果:MWM组患者治疗后的无痛握力患侧/最大握力健侧较治疗前显著提高(0.80±0.18对比0.55±0.20,P<0.05),也明显高于治疗后的对照组(0.80 +0.18对比0.58±0.18,P<0.05).MWM组治疗后VAS明显低于对照组(3.25±1.09对比4.29±0.61,P<0.05).结论:MWM可快速缓解肱骨外

  9. A cross-sectional study comparing strength profile of dorsal and palmar flexor muscles of the wrist in epicondylitis and healthy men

    OpenAIRE

    Unyó, Carme; Chaler Vilaseca, Joaquim Lluís; Rojas Martínez, Mónica; Pujol Medina, Eduard; Müller, Bertram; Garreta, Roser; Mañanas Villanueva, Miguel Ángel

    2013-01-01

    Background: Strength training has been proposed by several authors to treat Lateral Epicondylitis. However, there is still a lack of information concerning muscle weakness and its relationship to imbalances and fatigability of forearm muscles during dynamic conditions in subjects after epicondylitis recovery. Aim: To analyze the relationship between lateral humeral epicondylitis, and forearm muscle strength and fatigue. Setting: Rehabilitation specialized center Population: Cross-sectional st...

  10. Diagnostic guidlines for occupational epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrycja Krawczyk-Szulc

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Making final decisions on the occupational etiology of musculoskeletal diseases is often difficult and problematic at every stage of the diagnostic procedure. Taking into account the need to facilitate decision-making about the causal relationship between the diagnosed disease entity and the working conditions guidelines for the recognition of work-related musculoskeletal diseases have been developed. This paper presents the guidelines for the diagnosis of occupational etiology of humeral epicondylitis, one of the most common occupational disease of the musculoskeletal system in Poland. The developed guidelines have been based on the literature data concerning occupational risk factors of humeral epicondylitis, workload classification, including repetitive movements, awkward postures, and force. Some criteria applied in ergonomic evaluation methods were also included. The presented diagnostic guidelines define approximate benchmarks for stating (after excluding non-occupational etiology that the identified humeral epicondylitis, is related to the way of working. Crucial work factors that should be analyzed include an operating time of movements overloading tendons connecting to the epicondyle, repetition and force used to perform occupational activities. The developed guidelines are aimed to facilitate occupational physicians diagnostic and certification procedures in case of humeral epicondylitis and determination whether there is a likelihood of its occupational etiology. Med Pr 2015;66(3:443–450

  11. Efficacy of eccentric exercise combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy on lateral epicondylitis%离心收缩训练联合体外冲击波治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建新; 刘光华; 林瑜玮; 吴一鸣; 刘邦忠

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To compare clinical efficacy of three different treatments , eccentric exercise (EE ) , extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT ) ,and EE combined with ESWT on lateral epicondylitis (LE) .Methods:Sixty subjects with LE were selected and randomly assigned to EE group (n=20) ,ESWT group (n=20) and EE combined with ESWT group (n=20) .All of the subjects were evaluated through the visual analogue scale (VAS) and hand-grip strength test at baseline and 2 weeks after the end of treatment respectively .All data were analyzed by SPSS 17 .0 .Results:The VAS scores dramatically decreased from baseline to 2 weeks after the end of treatment in all three groups (P<0 .05);however ,there were no significant differences in VAS scores between any two groups 2 weeks after the end of treatment .As to hand-grip strength , there was significant increase from baseline to 2 weeks after the end of treatment in all three groups (P<0 .05);moreover ,the hand-grip strength of EE combined with ESWT group was significantly higher than that of EE group (P<0 .05) and ESWT group (P<0 .05) at 2 weeks after the end of treatment ;however ,no significant difference of the hand-grip strength emerged between EE group and ESWT group at the same time point .The overall response rate of EE combined with ESWT group was 100% ,which was significantly higher than that of EE group (64 .70% ,P<0 .05) and ESWT group (68 .42% ,P<0 .05);no statistically significant difference of overall response rate was found between EE group and ESWT group .Conclusions:EE and ESWT were both effective and showed similar efficacy in the treatment of LE .In addition ,the combination therapy of EE and ESWT was better than either single therapy .%目的:比较离心收缩训练(eccentric exercise ,EE)、体外冲击波疗法(extracorporeal shock wave therapy ,ESWT)及EE联合ESWT对肱骨外上髁炎(lateral epicondylitis ,LE)的疗效。方法:选择60例LE受试者,随机分为EE

  12. 肱骨外上髁炎临床表现与伸肌总腱损伤程度的相关性研究%A correlative study of the clinical manifestation of lateral epicondylitis and the severity of injury of the common extensor tendon of the elbow joint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁良; 李锋; 艾飞; 王德杭; 夏黎明; 胡道予; 王仁法

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨肱骨外上髁炎临床表现与伸肌总腱损伤程度的相关性.方法:对经临床确诊的23例肱骨外上髁炎患者共24个肘关节行MRI常规扫描,采用疼痛视觉模拟评分法(VAS)将肱骨外上髁炎疼痛程度分为轻、中和重度.分析MRI图像,将伸肌总腱损伤分为轻、中和重度.对肱骨外上髁炎患者的VAS疼痛等级和伸肌总腱损伤程度进行Spearman等级相关分析.结果:24个肘关节中,根据VAS评分轻度疼痛关节8个,中度10个,重度6个;MRI图像分析和统计显示伸肌总腱轻度损伤10个,中度7个,重度7个.肱骨外上髁炎VAS疼痛等级与伸肌总腱损伤程度呈正相关(rs =0.784,P<0.01).结论:MRI是诊断肱骨外上髁炎的重要辅助检查手段;随着肱骨外上炎疼痛等级增加,伸肌总腱损伤程度也明显增加,对患者诊疗具有重要的指导作用.%Objective: To study the correlation between the clinical manifestation of lateral epicondylitis of humerus and the severity of injury degree of common extensor tendon of the elbow. Methods;23 clinical diagnosed lateral epicondylitis patients including 24 elbows underwent MRI examination. The pain of lateral epicondylitis was graded as mild, moderate or ing to trie V.A-O criterion. 1 ne injury ol trie common extensor tendon was graded as mild,moderate or severe based on evaluation of MRI images. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was performed to compare VAS grade of pain with the injury of the common extensor tendon,and statistical correlations were considered significant at P<0.05. Results: Ac cording to VAS criterion, 24 elbows included 8 with mild pain, 10 with moderate, and 6 with sever pain. Basing on MRI image analysis,10 elbows with mild injury of common extensor tendon,/ with moderate injury,and 7 with sever injury were detected. Positive correlation were found between VAS grade of pain and injury of the common extensor tendon ( rs= 0.784,P<0. 01). Conclusion:MRI is an important

  13. The ultrastructural needle knife treatment of near the lateral epicondyle of humerus pain in 90 cases%超微针刀治疗肱骨外上髁附近疼痛90例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡超伟; 张华林

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察超微针刀治疗肱骨外上髁附近疼痛的疗效。方法:2005-2011年收治肱骨外上髁处疼痛患者90例,用自制的超微针刀对其病变肌肉的起点或止点加以松解,观察其疗效。结果:本组病例经1~3次治疗后,1次痊愈42例(47%),2次痊愈31例(34%),3次痊愈16例(18%);1例好转(1%),后经5次治疗而痊愈;无效0例。结论:超微针刀治疗肱骨外上髁附近疼痛疗效显著。%Objective:To observe the curative effect of ultrastructural needle knife in the treatment of the pain of outside humerus epicondyle.Methods:90 cases of the pain of outside humerus epicondyle were selected from 2005 to 2011.The author treat it with a homemade ultrastructural needle knife on the starting point of the lesion muscles or check point release.Observe its curative effect. Results:After treatment for 1 ~ 3 times,42 cases (47%) were once recovered; 31 cases (34%) were 2 times to heal; 16 cases (18%) were 3 times to heal.1 case (1% ) was improved, who recovered after 5 times of treatment.None had no effect.Conclusion:The curative effect of ultrastructural needle knife therapy in the treatment of outside humerus epicondyle pain is remarkable.

  14. Acute and chronic lateral ankle instability in the athlete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Keith W; Ding, Bryan C; Mroczek, Kenneth J

    2011-01-01

    Ankle sprain injuries are the most common injury sustained during sporting activities. Three-quarters of ankle injuries involve the lateral ligamentous complex, comprised of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL), the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), and the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL). The most common mechanism of injury in lateral ankle sprains occurs with forced plantar flexion and inversion of the ankle as the body's center of gravity rolls over the ankle. The ATFL followed by the CFL are the most commonly injured ligaments. Eighty percent of acute ankle sprains make a full recovery with conservative management, while 20% of acute ankle sprains develop mechanical or functional instability, resulting in chronic ankle instability. Treatment of acute ankle sprains generally can be successfully managed with a short period of immobilization that is followed by functional rehabilitation. Patients with chronic ankle instability who fail functional rehabilitation are best treated with a Brostrom-Gould anatomic repair or, in those patients with poor tissue quality or undergoing revision surgery, an anatomic reconstruction. PMID:21332435

  15. Comparison of Effect of Filiform-fire Needle and Warming Needle on Elbow Function post Lateral Epicondylitis%毫火针与温针灸改善肱骨外上髁炎患者肘功能的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司徒万德; 曲姗姗; 黄焕琳; 陈俊琦; 王升旭

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察毫火针与温针灸配合康复训练对恢复肱骨外上髁炎患者肘功能的效果。方法肱骨外上髁炎患者90例随机分成2组,分别接受毫火针和温针灸治疗,均同时配合康复训练。观察临床疗效、肘功能评定量表总分及项目分变化。结果毫火针组临床疗效优于温针灸组(P<0.05)。肘功能量表总分两组间无显著性差异,但治疗后2周和4周,毫火针组症状体征评分高于温针灸组(P<0.05)。治疗后2周,温针灸组日常生活评分高于毫火针组(P<0.05)。结论毫火针与温针灸在改善患者肘功能方面效果相当,毫火针改善症状体征方面较优,而温针灸能短期内改善患者日常生活活动能力。%Objective To compare the effects of filiform-fire needle and warming needle on rehabilitation of lateral epicondylitis. Meth-ods 90 patients with lateral epicondylitis were randomized into 2 groups to receive filiform-fire needle and warming needle treatment respec-tively based on rehabilitation training. Their clinical efficacy, total and item scores of Elbow Functional Scale were compared. Results The clinical efficacy was better in the filiform-fire needle group than in the warming needle group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the total scores of Elbow Functional Scale between 2 groups. However, the scores of symptoms and signs improved more in the infiliform-fire needle group 2 and 4 weeks after the treatment (P<0.05), while the scores of daily living improved more in the warming needle group 2 weeks after treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion Both filiform-fire needle and warming needle could recover the elbow function of lateral epi-condylitis patients based on the rehabilitation training. The former is advanced in relieving symptoms and signs, while the latter is in improv-ing daily living in short time.

  16. Results of radiotherapy with different doses in epicondylitis humeri. Ergebnisse der Strahlentherapie der Epicondylitis humeri bei unterschiedlicher Dosierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kammerer, R.; Bollmann, G.; Schwenger, P.; Michael, G.; Koeppen, D. (Klinik fuer Radiologie, Medizinische Akademie Magdeburg (Germany))

    1990-01-01

    In a prospective analysis the effectiveness of roentgen irradiation with minimal doses (daily single dosis 0.3Gy up to a total dose of 1.5Gy) was investigated in 207 patients with an epicondylitis humeri. Compared with a group of 92 patients, who were irradiated with higher doses beeing in general use (weekly 2 x single dosis 1.0 Gy to a total dose of 4.0 Gy), the therapeutic results show no sihnificant differences. After termination of the first irradiation series an improvement of complaints was seen in half of the patients (48.8% or 50.0%). A further increase of the quota in success to 74.9% or 70.6% was found 6 weeks after termination or irradiation. By reason of radiotherapeutic results, mainly attained in chronic states of epicondylitis humeri after primary conservative therapy without success for months and partly surgical pretreatment, the radiotherapy should be used more frequently than till now, especially in consideration of its slight side-effects and injuries of patients. (orig.).

  17. Can Chronic Ankle Instability be Prevented? Rethinking Management of Lateral Ankle Sprains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denegar, Craig R.; Miller, Sayers J., III

    2002-01-01

    Investigates whether chronic ankle instability can be prevented, discussing: the relationship between mechanical and functional instability; normal ankle mechanics, sequelae to lateral ankle sprains, and abnormal ankle mechanics; and tissue healing, joint dysfunction, and acute lateral ankle sprain management. The paper describes a treatment model…

  18. The lateral synovial recess of the knee: anatomy and role in chronic Iliotibial band friction syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemeth, W C; Sanders, B L

    1996-10-01

    The tissue deep to the iliotibial band (ITB) and its relationship to the lateral knee joint capsule was studied anatomically and the histopathology of this tissue in chronic iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS) was examined. Findings show that the tissue under the ITB consists of a synovium that is a lateral extension and invagination of the actual knee joint capsule and is not a separate bursa as described in the literature. Additionally, in cases of chronic ITBFS seen in young elite athletes, synovial tissue taken from this lateral synovial recess reveals histological evidence of inflammation and hyperplasia that suggests its involvement in the pathological process.

  19. Alterations in the Contra lateral Ear in Chronic Otitis Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Damghani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chronic otitis media (COM, a persistent and durable inflammation and infection of the middle ear, is a common disorder. Alterations in the contralateral ear in sufferers have been observed in recent years. Because only a few studies have been reported in this area, we performed this study in order to assess alterations in the contralateral ear of patients with COM.   Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive methods were used in 100 patients with COM who were selected for surgical treatment and admitted to hospital. An information form was completed for all patients including demographic data, medical history of otoscopy and paraclinical examinations such as pure tone audiometry (PTA, tympanometry, Schuller radiography, and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT. All data were processed using SPSS (version 18 software and descriptive statistical tests.   Results: According to otoscopy, PTA, tympanometry and graphical analysis, 60% of patients experienced disorders of the contralateral ear. Otoscopy analysis showed 54% of patients had a disorder of the contralateral ear, with the most common disorder being perforation of the ear drum. PTA showed a 48% incidence of contralateral ear problems (85% conductive hearing impairment; 12.5% sensorineural hearing impairment; 1.2% mixed. A total of 73.2% of patients with conductive hearing loss had a problem across all frequencies, while half of the patients with sensorineural hearing impairment had problems at frequencies greater than 1000 Hz. According to tympanometry, 38% of patients had problem in the contralateral ear. HRCT and Schuller graphical analyses indicated 31.5% and 36% occurrence of contralateral ear disorders, respectively.   Conclusion:  More than 50% of patients with COM in one ear have a chance of also presenting with the disease in the other ear. Outcomes of this study and previous studies have shown that COM should not be perceived as a disease limited

  20. Clinical Curative Effect Observations from 80 Cases of Lateral Epicondylitis of Humerus: Combining Algetic Meridian Points Pressure with Hyperaemia Therapeutics%循经痛点按压结合充血疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎80例临床疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡娟; 曹波涛

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effect of combining algetic meridian points pressure with hyperaemia therapeutics to treat lateral epicondylitis of humerus. Methods: Based on time sequence, 160 patients with typical syndromes were randomly divided into two groups (treatment group containing 80 patients and control group containing 80 patients). Two groups of patients had no significant differences in gender, age and state of illness (P>0. 05). Different massage therapeutics were applied to the two groups, combining algetic meridian points pressure with hyperaemia therapeutics was applied to the treatment, and routine treatment to the control group. After three courses of the above medical treatment, two groups were assessed under the Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnostic Standards by the Bureau of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Results: The conditions of most patients in two groups had been significantly improved. Total effective rate of the treatment group was 95% and that of the control group was 78. 8%. The Statistical calculation revealed x2 = 6. 23, demonstrating statistical significance ( P<0. 05). Conclusion; The method of combining algetic meridian points pressure with hyperaemia therapeutics is more effective than routine massage methods in treating lateral epicondylitis of humerus. It's worth popularizing clinically.%目的:观察循经痛点按压结合充血疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法:将符合标准的160例肱骨外上髁炎患者按照就诊时间随机分为治疗组80例和对照组80例,均采用推拿进行治疗.两组患者在性别、年龄、病情等方面无统计学意义(P>0.05).治疗组采用循经痛点按压法结合充血疗法进行治疗,对照组采用常规手法进行治疗.治疗3个疗程后参照国家中医药管理局颁发的《中医病证诊断疗效标准》进行疗效评定.结果:治疗后两组患者病情均有明显好转,治疗组80例患者中总有效率95%,对照组80

  1. Transcranial magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound: noninvasive central lateral thalamotomy for chronic neuropathic pain

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanmonod, D.; Werner, B.; Morel, A.; Michels, L; Zadicario, E; Schiff, G.; Martin, E.

    2012-01-01

    Object Recent technological developments open the field of therapeutic application of focused ultrasound to the brain through the intact cranium. The goal of this study was to apply the new transcranial magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound (tcMRgFUS) technology to perform noninvasive central lateral thalamotomies (CLTs) as a treatment for chronic neuropathic pain. Methods In 12 patients suffering from chronic therapy-resistant neuropathic pain, tcMRgFUS CLT was propos...

  2. Brostrom-Gould procedure for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability

    OpenAIRE

    Asik, Mehmet; Sen, Cengiz; Dikici, Fatih; Taser, Omer F.

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: We evaluated the results in 10 patients who underwent surgery using the Brostrom-Gould method for chronic lateral ankle instability. Methods: Brostrom-Gould procedure was performed in 11 ankles of 10 patients (4 females, 6 males; age range 14-32 years) with chronic lateral ankle instability. Ankle injury was localized to the right (n=6) and left (n=3) ankles. One patient had bilateral instability. The average period between the time of injury and that of operation was 38 months...

  3. A Clinical Study of Bee Venom Acupuncture Therapy on External Epicondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyung-Tae Kim

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective : This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Bee Venom acupuncture therapy on external epicondylitis. Methods : We divided chronic arthritis of ankle patient into 2 groups; one group combined bee venom acupuncture therapy and acupuncture therapy, another group was only acupuncture therapy. To estimate the effectiveness of treatment that applied for two groups, we used visual analog scale(VAS. We compared the VAS score of two groups statistically. Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using visual analog scale(VAS, treatment score at final was marked more higher than score before treatment on each groups. 2. treatment at final, acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture therapy group had significant result on visual analog scale(VAS compared with acupuncture therapy group. Conclusion : Bee Venom acupuncture therapy can be used with acupuncture therapy for highly effective treatment for external epicondylitis.

  4. Surgical treatment of a chronically fixed lateral patella dislocation in an adolescent patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinning Li

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Acute patellar dislocation or subluxation is a common cause for knee injuries in the United States and accounts for 2% to 3% of all injuries. Up to 49% of patients will have recurrent subluxations or dislocations. Importance of both soft tissue\t(predominantly,\tthe medial patellofemoral ligament, MPFL, which is responsible for 60% of the resistance to lateral dislocation and bony constraint of femoral trochlea in preventing subluxation and dislocation is well documented. Acute patella dislocation will require closed reduction and management typically consist of conservative or surgical treatment depending on the symptoms and recurrence of instability. Most patients are diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. We present a 15 years old male with a missed traumatic lateral patella dislocation during childhood. The patient presented as an adolescent with a chronically fixed lateral patella dislocation and was management with surgery. The key steps in the surgical reconstruction of this patient required first mobilizing the patella with a lateral retinacular release and V-Y lengthening of the shortened or contracted quadriceps tendon. Then a combination of MPFL reconstruction using the semi-tendinosis autograft, tibial tubercle osteotomy with anterio-medialization, and lateral facetectomy was performed. At the one-year follow-up, our patient had improved knee range of motion and decrease in pain. Chronically fixed lateral dislocated patella is a rare and complex problem to manage in older patients that will require a thorough work-up and appropriate surgical planning along with reconstruction.

  5. Health behaviour changes and onset of chronic health problems in later life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marijke Veenstra

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess five-year changes in health behaviours in later life and associations with onset of chronic health problems. The results may inform policy and interventions to promote healthy life years in ageing populations.Methods: Data are derived from the Norwegian study on Life-course, Ageing and Generation (NorLAG, a five-year (2002-2007 panel survey comprising a nation wide community sample. The present analyses include a sample of 1,019 respondents aged 60 years and older. Five-year changes in smoking, alcohol use, physical exercise and Body Mass Index (BMI are assessed according to prevalent and incident chronic health problems. Multivariate logistic analyses of “healthy” behavioural changes are conducted.Results: A total of 453 respondents (45% reported at least one chronic condition and 13% (N=133 reported onset of chronic conditions in the course of the past five years. Over a five-year period, there was an overall reduction in smoking rates and a decrease in regular physical activity. Alcohol consumption in older people slightly increased over time, but the incidence of chronic health problems tended to reduce alcohol intake. Older persons experiencing chronic health problems were less likely to initiate physical activity.Conclusions: The results provide limited support for the assumption that the onset of a chronic health condition triggers improved health behaviours. This suggests that the health care system could do more in targeting a potential “window of opportunity” for individuals to adopt new healthy behaviours in later life.

  6. HISTOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CHRONIC CONSUMPTION OF NUTMEG ON THE LATERAL GENICULATE BODY OF ADULT WISTAR RATS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.O. Adjene

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of chronic consumption of nutmeg commonly used as a spice in various dishes, as components of teas and soft drinks or mixed in milk and alcohol on the lateral geniculate body of adult wistar rats was studied.The rats of both sexes, with average weight of 200g were randomly assigned into treatment and control groups. The rats in the treatment group (n=8 received 2g of nutmeg thoroughly mixed with the feeds on a daily basis for thirty-two days. The control group (n=8 received equal amount of feeds daily without nutmeg added for thirty-two days. The growers mash feeds was obtained from Edo Feeds and Flour Mill Limited, Ewu, Edo State, Nigeria and the rats were given water liberally. The rats were sacrificed on the thirty-three day of the experiment. The lateral geniculate body was carefully dissected out and quickly fixed in 10% formal saline for histological study.The findings indicate that rats in the treated group showed some cellular degenerative changes like sparse cellular population, pyknotic nuclei with some microcystic changes, edema and vacuolations in the stroma of the treated lateral geniculate body as compared to that of the control group.Chronic consumption of nutmeg may therefore have an adverse effect on the visual sensibilities by affecting the microanatomy of the lateral geniculate body of adult wistar rats. It is recommended for further studies aimed at corroborating these observations.

  7. Lateral collateral ligament reconstruction for chronic varus instability of the hallux interphalangeal joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jaeho

    2014-01-01

    Chronic varus instability of the hallux interphalangeal joint is a rare injury, and only a few reports of this injury have been published. In some studies, this injury has been related to taekwondo. Taekwondo is an essential martial art in the Korean military. We have described a case of varus instability of the hallux interphalangeal joint in a professional soldier who had practiced taekwondo for 5 years and the surgical outcome after reconstruction of the lateral collateral ligament with the fourth toe extensor tendon.

  8. Seventy Cases of External Humeral Epicondylitis Treated by Local Blocking and Massotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴峰

    2001-01-01

    @@External humeral epicondylitis or tennis elbow, is a commonly encountered disease in orthopaedics and traumatology. The curative effect is not satisfactory as far as its treatment by western and traditional Chinese medicine is concerned, which has a long course of treatment and a high recurrent rate. 70 cases of external humeral epicondylitis were treated by massotherapy after local blocking from August 1995 to October 1997 at this hospital with satisfactory therapeutic effects. Clinical Data Of the 70 cases in this series treated by massotherapy after local blocking, 30 were males and 40 females, ranging in age from 19 to 65 years. 55 cases were 30 to 50 years old, 20 had the left elbow affected and 50 the right elbow. 7 cases had a history of trauma, 50 a history of chronic strain, and 13 the cause unknown. The shortest duration of disease was 15 days and the longest 24 months. Among 50 cases in the control group treated by massotherapy, 20 cases were males and 30 females, ranging in age from 16 to 58 years. 40 cases were 30 to 50 years old. 15 cases were affected on the left elbow and 35 on the right elbow. 6 cases had a history of trauma, 32 a history of chronic strain, and 12 the cause unknown. The shortest duration of diseases was 7 days and the longest 22 months.

  9. Accuracy of MRI findings in chronic lateral ankle ligament injury: Comparison with surgical findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, H.-J. [Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiology, Kangwon National University, School of Medicine, Chuncheon (Korea, Republic of); Cha, S.-D. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Myongji Hospital, Kwandong University, College of Medicine, Koyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, S.S. [Department of Radiology, Kangwon National University, School of Medicine, Chuncheon (Korea, Republic of); Rho, M.-H., E-mail: parkhiji@kangwon.ac.kr [Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kwag, H.-J. [Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, N.-H. [Department of Radiology, Myongji Hospital, Kwandong University, College of Medicine, Koyang (Korea, Republic of); Lee, S.-Y. [Department of Radiology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-04-15

    Aim: To evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in chronic lateral ankle ligament injury in comparison with that of surgical findings. Materials and methods: Forty-eight cases (25 men, 23 women, mean age 36 years) of clinically suspected chronic ankle ligament injury underwent MRI studies and surgery. Sagittal, coronal, and axial, T1-weighted, spin-echo, proton density and T2-weighted, fast spin-echo images with fat saturation were obtained in all patients. MRI examinations were read in consensus by two fellowship-trained academic musculoskeletal radiologists who evaluated the lateral ankle ligaments, including the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) without clinical information. The results of the MRI studies were then compared with the surgical findings. Results: The MRI findings of ATFL injury showed a sensitivity of detection of complete tears of 75% and specificity of 86%. The sensitivity of detection of partial tears was 75% and the specificity was 78%. The sensitivity of detection of sprains was 44% and the specificity was 88%. Regarding the MRI findings of CFL injury, the sensitivity of detection of complete tears was 50% and the specificity was 98%. The sensitivity of detection of partial tear was 83% and the specificity was 93%. The sensitivity of detection of sprains was 100% and the specificity was 90%. Regarding the ATFL, the accuracies of detection were 88, 58, 77, and 85% for no injury, sprain, partial tear, and complete tear, respectively, and for the CFL the accuracies of detection were 90, 90, 92, and 96% for no injury, sprain, partial tear, and complete tear, respectively. Conclusions: The diagnosis of a complete tear of the ATFL on MRI is more sensitive than the diagnosis of a complete tear of the CFL. MRI findings of CFL injury are diagnostically specific but are not sensitive. However, only normal findings and complete tears were statistically significant between ATFL and CFL (p

  10. Accuracy of MRI findings in chronic lateral ankle ligament injury: Comparison with surgical findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in chronic lateral ankle ligament injury in comparison with that of surgical findings. Materials and methods: Forty-eight cases (25 men, 23 women, mean age 36 years) of clinically suspected chronic ankle ligament injury underwent MRI studies and surgery. Sagittal, coronal, and axial, T1-weighted, spin-echo, proton density and T2-weighted, fast spin-echo images with fat saturation were obtained in all patients. MRI examinations were read in consensus by two fellowship-trained academic musculoskeletal radiologists who evaluated the lateral ankle ligaments, including the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) without clinical information. The results of the MRI studies were then compared with the surgical findings. Results: The MRI findings of ATFL injury showed a sensitivity of detection of complete tears of 75% and specificity of 86%. The sensitivity of detection of partial tears was 75% and the specificity was 78%. The sensitivity of detection of sprains was 44% and the specificity was 88%. Regarding the MRI findings of CFL injury, the sensitivity of detection of complete tears was 50% and the specificity was 98%. The sensitivity of detection of partial tear was 83% and the specificity was 93%. The sensitivity of detection of sprains was 100% and the specificity was 90%. Regarding the ATFL, the accuracies of detection were 88, 58, 77, and 85% for no injury, sprain, partial tear, and complete tear, respectively, and for the CFL the accuracies of detection were 90, 90, 92, and 96% for no injury, sprain, partial tear, and complete tear, respectively. Conclusions: The diagnosis of a complete tear of the ATFL on MRI is more sensitive than the diagnosis of a complete tear of the CFL. MRI findings of CFL injury are diagnostically specific but are not sensitive. However, only normal findings and complete tears were statistically significant between ATFL and CFL (p

  11. Magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with medial epicondylitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kijowski, Richard; Smet, Arthur A. De [University of Wisconsin Hospital, Department of Radiology, Madison (United States)

    2005-04-01

    To compare the MR imaging findings of 13 patients with clinically diagnosed medial epicondylitis with the MR imaging findings of 26 patients of similar age with no clinical evidence of medial epicondylitis. The study group consisted of 13 patients with clinically diagnosed medial epicondylitis. The control group consisted of 26 patients of similar age with no clinical evidence of medial epicondylitis. The medical records and MR imaging findings of these patients were retrospectively reviewed by two fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologists. Eleven of the 13 patients in the study group had thickening and increased signal intensity of the common flexor tendon on both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images. The remaining two patients in the study group had soft tissue edema around a normal-appearing common flexor tendon. Twenty-one of the 26 patients in the control group had a normal-appearing common flexor tendon on MR imaging. Three patients in the control group had a thickened common flexor tendon which was of intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images but of uniform low signal intensity on T2-weighted images. Two patients in the control group had a thickened common flexor tendon which was of intermediate signal intensity on both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images. None of the patients in the control group had soft tissue edema around the common flexor tendon. MR imaging findings of patients with clinically diagnosed medial epicondylitis included thickening and increased T1 and T2 signal intensity of the common flexor tendon and soft tissue edema around the common flexor tendon. The presence of intermediate to high T2 signal intensity or high T2 signal intensity within the common flexor tendon and the presence of paratendinous soft tissue edema were the most specific findings of medial epicondylitis on MR imaging. (orig.)

  12. Comparison of botox and lateral internal sphincterotomy treatment outcomes in chronic anal fissures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Dinç

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Both botox and lateral internal sfinkterotomi are treatment technics used in chronic anal fissure; provide the relaxation of anal sphincter and as a result of this, healing occurs. Aim of this study is to compare efficacy of botox and LIS treatment in chronic anal fissure and discussing with the literature. Methods: 60 of 66 patients who has chronic anal fissure, that we reached, treated but not healed with medical therapy, appealed to the Dr. Sami Ulus Hospital included the study. Gender, age, fissure localization, complaints (pain, bleeding, itching, constipation, complaint length, recurrences after treatment, continence conditions and complications of patients were registered. Results: Sixty patients were enrolled the study. Of the 60 patients; 38(63.3% were male and 22 (27.7% were female. Mean age of all patients was 35.93 ± 11.45 (21 -60. Pain was the common complaint of the all patients. 10 (32.3% recurrence were detected in botox treatment group (Group-I, only 1 (3.4% recurrence was in LIS group (Group-II. There was no complication as an incontinence in group-I but 3 cases with incontinence (10.39% were obtained in group-II. In the evaluation of these 3 cases by Cleveland Clinic Continence Scoring System, 2 cases classified as gas incontinence and 1 case as moderate fecal incontinence. Conclusion: Although botulinum toxin injection seen as an alternative treatment method with low complication rates such as incontinence, high recurrence is an important shortcoming of this technic. LIS performed by experienced surgeons remained the most popular treatment modality with low complication rates and great deal of healing success.

  13. MR findings in humeral epicondylitis: A systematic review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pasternack, I.; Vehmas, T.; Malmivaara, A. [Finnish Inst. of Occupational Health, Helsinki (Finland); Tuovinen, E.M. [Medivire Occupational Health Services (Finland); Lohman, M. [Helsinki Univ. Central Hospital (Finland). Dept. of Radiology

    2001-09-01

    Purpose: To highlight the importance of meta-analysis in diagnostic imaging by presenting a systematic search of the literature on the accuracy of MR imaging in epicondylitis. Material and Methods: The literature was comprehensively reviewed to identify studies on MR findings in epicondylitis. Reviewers blind to the clinical diagnoses screened the data according to predetermined inclusion criteria. Data were collected and validity and relevance were assessed on structured forms. Results: Seven studies including 148 patients with epicondylitis were accepted for the analysis. Eleven asymptomatic contralateral elbows and 29 elbows of healthy volunteers served as controls. The volunteers were distinctly younger than the patients. The MR technique was divergent, and the observed pathological changes also varied. The most frequent alteration was a change in the common extensor tendon signal (90%, 95% confidence interval 84-94%); 14% of the healthy volunteers and 50% of the contralateral elbows displayed the similar alteration. Conclusion: Small sample size and methodological shortcomings in the original studies make the assessment of MR findings in epicondylitis questionable. There is a need for well-designed studies in which clinical features and occupational backgrounds as well as imaging parameters are carefully documented.

  14. Treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability: a modified broström technique using three suture anchors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Busconi Brian D

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ankle sprains are very common injuries seen in the athletic and young population. Majority of patients will improve with a course of rest and physical therapy. However, with conservative management about twenty percent of all patients will go on to develop chronic lateral ankle instability. This manuscript describes our detailed surgical technique of a modification to the original Broström procedure using three suture anchors to anatomically reconstruct the lateral ankle ligaments to treat high demand patients who have developed chronic lateral ankle instability. The rationale for this modification along with patient selection and workup are discussed. Both the functional outcomes at the two year follow up along with the complications and the detailed postoperative rehabilitation protocol for the high demand athletes are also presented. This modified Broström procedure is shown in both illustrative format and intra-operative photos.

  15. Is Platelet-rich plasma superior to whole blood in the management of chronic tennis elbow: one year randomized clinical trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Lateral humeral epicondylitis, or ‘tennis elbow’, is a common condition with a variety of treatment options. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and Autologous Whole Blood (AWB) represent new therapeutic options for chronic tendinopathies including tennis elbow. The aim of the present study was to compare the long term effects of PRP versus autologous whole blood local injection in patients with chronic tennis elbow. Methods Seventy six patients with chronic lateral humeral epicondylitis with duration of symptoms more than 3 months were included in this study and randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 was treated with a single injection of 2 mL of autologous leukocyte rich PRP (4.8 times of plasma) and group 2 with 2 mL of AWB. Tennis elbow strap, stretching and strengthening exercises were administered for both groups. Pain and functional improvements were assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS), Mayo score (modified Mayo Clinic performance index for the elbow) and pressure pain threshold (PPT) at 0, 4, 8 weeks and 6 and 12 months. Results All pain variables including VAS, PPT and Mayo scores improved significantly in both groups at each follow up intervals compared to baseline. No statistically significant difference was noted between groups regarding pain, functional scores and treatment success rates in all follow up examinations (P >0/05). Conclusion PRP and autologous whole blood injections are both effective methods to treat chronic lateral epicondylitis and their efficacy persisted during long term follow up. PRP was not superior to AWB in long term follow up. PMID:24635909

  16. PROGRESSION ON TREATMENT OF HUMERAL EPICONDYLITIS WITH ACUPUNCTURE AND MOXIBUSTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Mei-you

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, the measures on treatment of humeral epicondylitis with acupuncture and moxibustion were increased daily and a certain progression had been achieved. It had been synthesized in the paper various therapies of acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment of the disease, named filiform needling technique, special needling, warm needling and comprehensive therapy, as well as therapeutic evaluations and mechanisms. Additionally, the problems and shortcomings existed at present had been proposed in the paper.

  17. Clinical observation of 72 cases ofsmall needle knife combined withcupping treating external humeral epicondylitis%小针刀结合拔火罐治疗肱骨外上髁炎72例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宇翔; 唐华谋

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨治疗肱骨外上髁炎的有效方法。方法:72例肱骨外上髁炎的患者按照所患疾病给予小针刀联合拔火罐治疗。结果:41例症状完全或基本消除,23例好转,8例无效,总有效率为88.9%。结论:肱骨外上髁炎大多慢性劳损致肱骨外上髁处形成急、慢性炎症等引起,采用小针刀联合拔火罐治疗效果显著。%To explore effective ways of humeral epicondylitis treatment.Methods:72 cases of humeral epicondylitis of patients given a smal knife combined cupping therapy according to the ilness.Results:41 cases symptoms completely or substantialy eliminated, 23 cases improved, 8 cases ineffective, the total effective rate was 88.9%. Conclusion:humeral epicondylitis mostly caused by chronic fatigue epicondyle of the humerus formed acute and chronic inflammation caused by using a smal knife cupping therapy combined effect is remarkable.

  18. [Autopsy case of a patient with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A and suspected chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, which was later diagnosed as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higuchi, Yujiro; Sakiyama, Yusuke; Nishihira, Yasushi; Endo, Kazuhiro; Suwazono, Shugo; Suehara, Masahito

    2012-01-01

    We report an autopsy case of a 74-year-old man with late onset Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A) diagnosed by genetic screening, later associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). At the age of 70 years, the patient was admitted to our hospital because of progressive weakness and dysesthesia in the right upper limb. In the early stages of the illness, he was diagnosed with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), and transient improvement was achieved with intravenous immunoglobulin. However, the symptoms progressively worsened and became refractory. Gene analysis revealed PMP22 gene duplication, which confirmed CMT1A. On sural nerve biopsy, severe demyelinating neuropathy and abundant onion-bulb formations with endoneurial infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed. Thereafter, pseudo-bulbar palsy and respiratory muscle weakness developed insidiously and progressed rapidly along with muscle weakness in the limbs and trunk. The patient died about four years after the onset of this disease. Postmortem examination showed moderate neuronal cell loss, Bunina bodies, and TDP-43-positive inclusions in the anterior horn cells. The spinal cord revealed axonal loss and extensive macrophage permeation in the corticospinal tracts. On the basis of these findings, the final neuropathological diagnosis was ALS. This is the first report of an autopsy case of CMT1A complicated with ALS. We here discuss the significant clinical and neuropathological findings of this case.

  19. Fifty Cases of External Humeral Epicondylitis Treated by Moxibustion and Point-injection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋理萍

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To observe the therapeutic effects of moxibustion and point-injection on external humeral epicondylitis. Method: The disease is treated with the combined method of moxibustion and effect. The total effective rate was 96%. Conclusion: The combined method of moxibustion and point-injection is a cure indicated for external humeral epicondylitis.

  20. Selection, optimization, and compensation: strategies to maintain, maximize, and generate resources in later life in the face of chronic illnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozario, Philip A; Kidahashi, Miwako; DeRienzis, Daniel R

    2011-02-01

    This qualitative study of 45 older adults examines how they allocate their resources in the face of chronic health conditions. Participants were recruited from 2 senior centers and interviewed about their repertoire of activities, any changes in those activities in later life, and meanings they ascribed to those changes. The Selection, Optimization, and Compensation model guided our analysis and interpretation of participants' responses. The findings demonstrate the complexity of participants' responses to age-related changes, particularly in how they adapted and negotiated both their perception and life goals when faced with changing social landscapes. We discuss some implications and nuances of our findings.

  1. Medial Epicondyle Fractures in the Pediatric Overhead Athlete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Aristides I; Steere, Joshua T; Lawrence, J Todd R

    2016-06-01

    The medial epicondyle serves as the proximal attachment of the medial ulnar collateral ligament and the origin of the flexor pronator musculature and as such it is responsible for resisting the main static and dynamic restraints to valgus force at the elbow. Fractures through the physis in the developing elbow are common and treatment remains controversial. Biomechanical modeling predicts that anterior should be the direction of greatest displacement. Anatomic considerations predict that anterior displacement should have the greatest effect on elbow stability and range of motion making the ulnar collateral ligament too loose in flexion and too tight in extension and potentially leading to valgus laxity in flexion and a block to full extension. In the elite overhead athlete, where elbow stability is critical both for sports performance and the long-term health of the elbow, assessment of anterior displacement is thus theoretically an important consideration. Standard radiographic views cannot adequately assess anterior displacement. Specialized radiographs and 3-dimensional modalities such as computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can adequately assess anterior displacement and in the overhead athlete can sometimes aid in the decision-making process. Here, we present a review of the current literature and the rationale for a treatment algorithm for medial epicondyle fractures in the skeletally immature overhead athlete. PMID:27100037

  2. Morphology of Pyramidal Neurons in the Rat Prefrontal Cortex: Lateralized Dendritic Remodeling by Chronic Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Perez-Cruz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The prefrontal cortex (PFC plays an important role in the stress response. We filled pyramidal neurons in PFC layer III with neurobiotin and analyzed dendrites in rats submitted to chronic restraint stress and in controls. In the right prelimbic cortex (PL of controls, apical and distal dendrites were longer than in the left PL. Stress reduced the total length of apical dendrites in right PL and abolished the hemispheric difference. In right infralimbic cortex (IL of controls, proximal apical dendrites were longer than in left IL, and stress eliminated this hemispheric difference. No hemispheric difference was detected in anterior cingulate cortex (ACx of controls, but stress reduced apical dendritic length in left ACx. These data demonstrate interhemispheric differences in the morphology of pyramidal neurons in PL and IL of control rats and selective effects of stress on the right hemisphere. In contrast, stress reduced dendritic length in the left ACx.

  3. Analgesic effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy versus ultrasound therapy in chronic tennis elbow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lizis, Paweł

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] This study compared the analgesic effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy with those of ultrasound therapy in patients with chronic tennis elbow. [Subjects] Fifty patients with tennis elbow were randomized to receive extracorporeal shock wave therapy or ultrasound therapy. [Methods] The extracorporeal shock wave therapy group received 5 treatments once per week. Meanwhile, the ultrasound group received 10 treatments 3 times per week. Pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale during grip strength evaluation, palpation of the lateral epicondyle, Thomsen test, and chair test. Resting pain was also recorded. The scores were recorded and compared within and between groups pre-treatment, immediately post-treatment, and 3 months post-treatment. [Results] Intra- and intergroup comparisons immediately and 3 months post-treatment showed extracorporeal shock wave therapy decreased pain to a significantly greater extent than ultrasound therapy. [Conclusion] Extracorporeal shock wave therapy can significantly reduce pain in patients with chronic tennis elbow. PMID:26357440

  4. Current evidence of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in chronic Achilles tendinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerdesmeyer, Ludger; Mittermayr, Rainer; Fuerst, Martin; Al Muderis, Munjed; Thiele, Richard; Saxena, Amol; Gollwitzer, Hans

    2015-12-01

    Chronic Achilles tendinopathy has been described as the most common overuse injury in sports medicine. Several treatment modalities such as activity modification, heel lifts, arch supports, stretching exercises, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, and eccentric loading are known as standard treatment mostly without proven evidence. After failed conservative therapy, invasive treatment may be considered. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been successfully used in soft-tissue pathologies like lateral epicondylitis, plantar fasciitis, tendinopathy of the shoulder and also in bone and skin disorders. Conclusive evidence recommending ESWT as a treatment for Achilles tendinopathy is still lacking. In plantar fasciitis as well as in calcific shoulder tendinopathy shock wave therapy is recently the best evaluated treatment option. This article analysis the evidence based literature of ESWT in chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Recently published data have shown the efficacy of focused and radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy. PMID:26327530

  5. Riscos e consequências do uso da técnica transportal na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior: relação entre o túnel femoral, a artéria genicular lateral superior e o epicôndilo lateral do côndilo femoral Risks and consequences of using the transportal technique in reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament: relationships between the femoral tunnel, lateral superior genicular artery and lateral epicondyle of the femoral condyle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Costa Astur

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Definir zona de segurança para evitar possíveis complicações vasculares e ligamentares durante a reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior. MÉTODOS: Reconstrução artroscópica com uso de técnica transportal e transtibial em joelhos de cadáver foi realizada seguida de dissecção e mensuração da distância entre o túnel femoral e a inserção proximal do ligamento colateral lateral e o túnel femoral e a artéria genicular lateral superior. RESULTADOS: A mensuração das distâncias analisadas mostra uma aproximação maior do principal ramo da artéria genicular lateral superior e da inserção proximal do ligamento colateral lateral com o túnel femoral, realizado com a técnica transportal. CONCLUSÃO: Percebemos que o uso da técnica transportal para reconstrução artroscópica do LCA apresenta maior probabilidade de lesão da artéria genicular lateral e da inserção do ligamento colateral lateral, favorecendo complicações pós-cirúrgicas como instabilidade do joelho, osteonecrose do côndilo femoral lateral e ligamentização do enxerto.OBJECTIVE: Define a security zone to avoid possibles vascular and ligamentar complications during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Arthroscopic reconstruction using the transtibial and transportal technique in cadaver knees was performed followed by dissection and measurement of the distance between the femoral tunnel and the proximal attachment of the lateral collateral ligament and the femoral tunnel and the lateral superior genicular artery. RESULTS: The measure of the analysed distances show us an aproximation between the major branch of the lateral superior genicular artery and the femoral insertion of the colateral lateral ligament and the femoral tunnel during the transportal technique. CONCLUSION: We realize that the use of technical ship it to arthroscopic ACL reconstruction has a higher probability of injury to the lateral geniculate artery and

  6. EFFECTIVENESS OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN DIAGNOSING CHRONIC LATERAL ANKLE INSTABILITY:A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakowski, Jordan; Dew, Stephanie; Greenwald, Bridget; Hyde, Eryn; Webber, Nicole

    2016-01-01

    Background Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a condition that often develops after repeated ankle sprains, increasing the suceptability of the ankle to move into excessive inversion when walking on unstable surfaces. Treatment for CAI costs approximately three billion health care dollars annually. Currently, common diagnostic tools used to identify ankle instability are arthroscopy, imaging, manual laxity testing, and self-reported questionnaires. Purpose The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasonography in diagnosing CAI, in comparison with other diagnostic tools. Methods Search limits: articles published between the years 2000-2015, and articles that were peer reviewed and published in the English language. Databases searched: CINAHL, PubMed, Medline, Medline Plus, Science Direct, OVID, Cochrane, and EBSCO. Titles and abstracts of the 1,420 articles were screened for the inclusion criteria by two independent raters, with discrepancies solved by a third rater. The modified 14-point Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) scale was used to assess methodological quality of included articles. Results Six high quality articles were included in this systematic review, as indicated by high scores on the QUADAS scale, ranging from 10 to 13. Sensitivity of US ranged from: 84.6 % -100%, specificity of US ranged from: 90.9% − 100% and accuracy ranged from: 87% − 90.9%. Discussion The results of the included studies suggest that US is able to accurately differentiate between the grades of ankle sprains and between a lax ligament, torn ligament, thick ligament, absorbed ligament and a non-union avulsion fracture. These findings indicate that US is a reliable method for diagnosing CAI, and that US is able to classify the degree of instability. Conclusion Researchers found that US is effective, reliable, and accurate in the diagnosis of CAI. Clinical Implications US would allow for earlier diagnosis, which

  7. 慢性踝关节外侧不稳定的治疗%Management of chronic lateral ankle instability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐向阳; 刘津浩; 朱渊; 李鸿庆; 钱龙杰

    2009-01-01

    Objective To retrospectively analyze management of chronic lateral ankle instability and evaluate its clinical results. Methods There were 74 patients including 43 males and 31 females at age range of 15-63 years (mean 39 years). All patients had at least half year of disease history, more than twice repeated strains and over six weeks of conservative management. Of all, 41 patients were trea-ted with surgical operations including modified Brostrom in 12 patients, Myerson in eight and Chrisman-Snook in 21. The aasoeiated pathological problems should be treated at the same time, ie, tenedesis for the peroneal tendon subluxations in six patients, Achilles tendon lengthening in nine, lateral shift of cal-caneal osteotomies in eight and clearance and holes-making for the osteochondral lesions in 13. Results Of all, functional instability was alleviated in 21 patients through conservative treatment before surgery. Of 53 patients with either functional or mechanical instability, 10 patients showed symptomatic relief, two refused surgical operation and the remained 41 patients were treated surgically. Thirty-nine patients trea-ted surgically and 28 treated conservatively were followed up for 6-91 months. The Roos Functional Out-come Score was used for validating the results. The average value of the ankle functional outcome was 86.24 and 97.34 respectively following operation and conservative management. Conclusions The full examination is needed to remove any possible pathological factors for the patients with chronic lateral ankle instability. The surgical operation can obtain satisfactory functional recovery of the ankle if the conserva-tive management is failed.%目的 回顾慢性踝关节外侧不稳定的治疗,对其结果进行分析和评价.方法 74例患者,其中男43例,女31例;年龄15~63岁,平均39岁.患者至少有半年以上的病史,有两次以上的反复扭伤史.所有患者均行6周以上的保守治疗.41例患

  8. Three-phase scintigraphy in epicondylitis of the lateral lower humerus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koppers, B.; Riel, K.

    1982-08-01

    Ten patients with tennis elbow were examined by three-phase scintigraphy, using sup(99m)Tc-MDP. In agreement with the histological findings of H. Schneider (14), there was no uptake during the perfusion and soft tissue phase. In the phase, there was focal bone uptake in one patient only.

  9. Chronic corticosterone exposure persistently elevates the expression of memory-related genes in the lateral amygdala and enhances the consolidation of a Pavlovian fear memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monsey, Melissa S; Boyle, Lara M; Zhang, Melinda L; Nguyen, Caroline P; Kronman, Hope G; Ota, Kristie T; Duman, Ronald S; Taylor, Jane R; Schafe, Glenn E

    2014-01-01

    Chronic exposure to stress has been widely implicated in the development of anxiety disorders, yet relatively little is known about the long-term effects of chronic stress on amygdala-dependent memory formation. Here, we examined the effects of a history of chronic exposure to the stress-associated adrenal steroid corticosterone (CORT) on the consolidation of a fear memory and the expression of memory-related immediate early genes (IEGs) in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala (LA). Rats received chronic exposure to CORT (50 μg/ml) in their drinking water for 2 weeks and were then titrated off the CORT for an additional 6 days followed by a 2 week 'wash-out' period consisting of access to plain water. Rats were then either sacrificed to examine the expression of memory-related IEG expression in the LA or given auditory Pavlovian fear conditioning. We show that chronic exposure to CORT leads to a persistent elevation in the expression of the IEGs Arc/Arg3.1 and Egr-1 in the LA. Further, we show that rats with a history of chronic CORT exposure exhibit enhanced consolidation of a fear memory; short-term memory (STM) is not affected, while long-term memory (LTM) is significantly enhanced. Treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluoxetine following the chronic CORT exposure period was observed to effectively reverse both the persistent CORT-related increases in memory-related IEG expression in the LA and the CORT-related enhancement in fear memory consolidation. Our findings suggest that chronic exposure to CORT can regulate memory-related IEG expression and fear memory consolidation processes in the LA in a long-lasting manner and that treatment with fluoxetine can reverse these effects.

  10. Chronic corticosterone exposure persistently elevates the expression of memory-related genes in the lateral amygdala and enhances the consolidation of a Pavlovian fear memory.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa S Monsey

    Full Text Available Chronic exposure to stress has been widely implicated in the development of anxiety disorders, yet relatively little is known about the long-term effects of chronic stress on amygdala-dependent memory formation. Here, we examined the effects of a history of chronic exposure to the stress-associated adrenal steroid corticosterone (CORT on the consolidation of a fear memory and the expression of memory-related immediate early genes (IEGs in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala (LA. Rats received chronic exposure to CORT (50 μg/ml in their drinking water for 2 weeks and were then titrated off the CORT for an additional 6 days followed by a 2 week 'wash-out' period consisting of access to plain water. Rats were then either sacrificed to examine the expression of memory-related IEG expression in the LA or given auditory Pavlovian fear conditioning. We show that chronic exposure to CORT leads to a persistent elevation in the expression of the IEGs Arc/Arg3.1 and Egr-1 in the LA. Further, we show that rats with a history of chronic CORT exposure exhibit enhanced consolidation of a fear memory; short-term memory (STM is not affected, while long-term memory (LTM is significantly enhanced. Treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI fluoxetine following the chronic CORT exposure period was observed to effectively reverse both the persistent CORT-related increases in memory-related IEG expression in the LA and the CORT-related enhancement in fear memory consolidation. Our findings suggest that chronic exposure to CORT can regulate memory-related IEG expression and fear memory consolidation processes in the LA in a long-lasting manner and that treatment with fluoxetine can reverse these effects.

  11. Osteosynthesis of medial humeral epicondyle fractures in children. 8-year follow-up of 33 cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duun, P S; Ravn, Pernille; Hansen, L B;

    1994-01-01

    33 children with a mean age of 12 (7-15) years had open reduction and osteosynthesis for a displaced fracture of the medial humeral epicondyle. 8 (2-15) years after the operation a clinical and radiographic examination was performed. 22/33 had a prominent scar. No patients had symptoms from...

  12. Hemi-Castaing ligamentoplasty for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability: a retrospective assessment of outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); L.M.M. Vogels (Lucas); E.M.M. van Lieshout (Esther)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: In the treatment of chronic ankle instability, most non-anatomical reconstructions use the peroneus brevis tendon. This, however, sacrifices the natural ankle stabilising properties of the peroneus brevis muscle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome of pa

  13. The Effect of the Modified Lateral Suprascapular Block on Shoulder Function in Patients With Chronic Shoulder Pain

    OpenAIRE

    Dorn, Christian; Rumpold-Seitlinger, Gudrun; Farzi, Sylvia; Auer, Johann; Bornemann-Cimenti, Helmar

    2015-01-01

    Background: Suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) is commonly used in pain therapy for patients with chronic shoulder pain. The effect of SSNB on shoulder function has, however, not been investigated so far. If in shoulder function, i.e. the range of motion is increased after application of the nerve block, it can be expected that subsequent physiotherapy, besides being less painful, is also more effective in terms of restoring shoulder mobility. Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of S...

  14. Late diagnosis of lateral meningocele syndrome in a 55-year-old woman with symptoms of joint instability and chronic musculoskeletal pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castori, Marco; Morlino, Silvia; Ritelli, Marco; Brancati, Francesco; De Bernardo, Carmelilia; Colombi, Marina; Grammatico, Paola

    2014-02-01

    Lateral meningocele syndrome (LMS) is a rare hereditary connective tissue disorder characterized by pan-spinal meningoceles, specific facial dysmorphism, skeletal and soft tissue abnormalities, and hypotonia and/or muscle weakness. LMS has been observed in eleven patients with two instances of vertical transmission, and seven sporadic cases with an age at diagnosis ranging from 25 months to 33 years. We report on a further observation of LMS in a 55-year-old woman presenting with a long history of joint instability, chronic musculoskeletal pain, and iatrogenic bladder and anorectal dysfunction due to irreversible nerve damage after surgical excision of a meningeal cyst. Her clinical characteristics are compared with those of previously reported patients, as well as two further cases originally diagnosed with Hajdu-Cheney and Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, but displaying typical features of LMS. PMID:24311540

  15. Epstein-Barr virus antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid from multiple sclerosis, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nociti, V; Frisullo, G; Marti, A; Luigetti, M; Iorio, R; Patanella, A K; Bianco, A; Tonali, P A; Grillo, R L; Sabatelli, M; Batocchi, A P

    2010-08-25

    Elevated anti-Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody levels are present in serum of Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients but literature lacks of studies comparing anti-EBV antibody levels between MS and other neurological diseases. We evaluate anti-VCA IgG and IgM, anti-EBNA1 IgG, anti-Cytomegalovirus IgG and IgM titres in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 267 MS, 50 Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and 88 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients. We found increased titres of anti-EBV-IgG in serum and CSF of MS subjects as compared to CIDP and ALS patients thus providing additional evidence for a possible involvement of EBV in MS.

  16. Effects of Linear-Polarized Near-Infrared Light Irradiation on Chronic Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Huang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the efficacy of linear-polarized near-infrared light irradiation (LPNIR on relieving chronic pain in conjunction with nerve block (NB or local block (LB, a 3-week prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled study was conducted to evaluate the pre- and post-therapy pain intensity. Visual analogue scales (VASs were measured in all patients before and 6 months after therapy visiting the pain clinic during the period of August 2007 to January 2008. A total of 52 patients with either shoulder periarthritis or myofascial pain syndrome or lateral epicondylitis were randomly assigned into two groups by drawing lots. Patients in Group I were treated with NB or LB plus LPNIR; Group II patients, for their part, were treated with the same procedures as in Group I, but not using LPNIR. In both groups, the pain intensity (VAS score decreased significantly immediately after therapy as compared to therapy. There was a significant difference between the test and control groups immediately after therapy (P<0.05, while no effect 6 months later. No side effects were observed. It is concluded that LPNIR is an effective and safe modality to treat various chronic pains, which has synergic effects with NB or LB.

  17. Deltoid ligament and tibiofibular syndesmosis injury in chronic lateral ankle instability: Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation at 3T and comparison with arthroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the prevalence of deltoid ligament and distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury on 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). Fifty patients (mean age, 35 years) who had undergone preoperative 3T MRI and surgical treatment for CLAI were enrolled. The prevalence of deltoid ligament and syndesmosis injury were assessed. The complexity of lateral collateral ligament complex (LCLC) injury was correlated with prevalence of deltoid or syndesmosis injuries. The diagnostic accuracy of ankle ligament imaging at 3T MRI was analyzed using arthroscopy as a reference standard. On MRI, deltoid ligament injury was identified in 18 (36%) patients as follows: superficial ligament alone, 9 (50%); deep ligament alone 2 (11%); and both ligaments 7 (39%). Syndesmosis abnormality was found in 21 (42%) patients as follows: anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) alone, 19 (90%); and AITFL and interosseous ligament, 2 (10%). There was no correlation between LCLC injury complexity and the prevalence of an accompanying deltoid or syndesmosis injury on both MRI and arthroscopic findings. MRI sensitivity and specificity for detection of deltoid ligament injury were 84% and 93.5%, and those for detection of syndesmosis injury were 91% and 100%, respectively. Deltoid ligament or syndesmosis injuries were common in patients undergoing surgery for CLAI, regardless of the LCLC injury complexity. 3T MRI is helpful for the detection of all types of ankle ligament injury. Therefore, careful interpretation of pre-operative MRI is essential

  18. Deltoid ligament and tibiofibular syndesmosis injury in chronic lateral ankle instability: Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation at 3T and comparison with arthroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chun, Ka Young; Choi, Yun Sun; Lee, Seok Hoon; Kim, Jin Su; Young, Ki Won; Jeong, Min Sun; Kim, Dae Jung [Eulji Hospital, Eulji University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    To evaluate the prevalence of deltoid ligament and distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury on 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). Fifty patients (mean age, 35 years) who had undergone preoperative 3T MRI and surgical treatment for CLAI were enrolled. The prevalence of deltoid ligament and syndesmosis injury were assessed. The complexity of lateral collateral ligament complex (LCLC) injury was correlated with prevalence of deltoid or syndesmosis injuries. The diagnostic accuracy of ankle ligament imaging at 3T MRI was analyzed using arthroscopy as a reference standard. On MRI, deltoid ligament injury was identified in 18 (36%) patients as follows: superficial ligament alone, 9 (50%); deep ligament alone 2 (11%); and both ligaments 7 (39%). Syndesmosis abnormality was found in 21 (42%) patients as follows: anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) alone, 19 (90%); and AITFL and interosseous ligament, 2 (10%). There was no correlation between LCLC injury complexity and the prevalence of an accompanying deltoid or syndesmosis injury on both MRI and arthroscopic findings. MRI sensitivity and specificity for detection of deltoid ligament injury were 84% and 93.5%, and those for detection of syndesmosis injury were 91% and 100%, respectively. Deltoid ligament or syndesmosis injuries were common in patients undergoing surgery for CLAI, regardless of the LCLC injury complexity. 3T MRI is helpful for the detection of all types of ankle ligament injury. Therefore, careful interpretation of pre-operative MRI is essential.

  19. Lateral Knee Pain after Outside-in Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the TightRope RT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuribayashi, So; Nakayama, Shuichi; Nakazato, Keisuke; Fukubayashi, Toru; Okinaga, Shuji

    2016-01-01

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) TightRope RT (TR) was recently introduced as a novel cortical suspension device for ACL reconstruction. It has an adjustable graft loop that gives the surgeon some advantages during ACL reconstruction. We report three patients who required removal of the TR after an outside-in anatomical ACL reconstruction because of lateral knee pain. We assumed that the knee pain was associated with friction between the TR button of the posterolateral bundle and iliotibial band (ITB). Placing the TR button close to the lateral epicondyle and tissue interposition between the TR button and lateral femoral cortex may be potential risk factors for ITB irritation. Therefore, we recommend not placing the TR button close to the top of the lateral epicondyle and reducing the tissue interposition between the TR button and lateral femoral cortex as much as possible. PMID:26955618

  20. Lateral Knee Pain after Outside-in Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using the TightRope RT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawaguchi, Kohei; Kuribayashi, So; Nakayama, Shuichi; Nakazato, Keisuke; Fukubayashi, Toru; Okinaga, Shuji

    2016-03-01

    The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) TightRope RT (TR) was recently introduced as a novel cortical suspension device for ACL reconstruction. It has an adjustable graft loop that gives the surgeon some advantages during ACL reconstruction. We report three patients who required removal of the TR after an outside-in anatomical ACL reconstruction because of lateral knee pain. We assumed that the knee pain was associated with friction between the TR button of the posterolateral bundle and iliotibial band (ITB). Placing the TR button close to the lateral epicondyle and tissue interposition between the TR button and lateral femoral cortex may be potential risk factors for ITB irritation. Therefore, we recommend not placing the TR button close to the top of the lateral epicondyle and reducing the tissue interposition between the TR button and lateral femoral cortex as much as possible. PMID:26955618

  1. Unpredictable chronic mild stress exerts anxiogenic-like effects and activates neurons in the dorsal and caudal region and in the lateral wings of the dorsal raphe nucleus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Danielle A; Lemes, Jéssica A; Melo-Thomas, Liana; Schor, Herbert; de Andrade, José S; Machado, Carla M; Horta-Júnior, José A C; Céspedes, Isabel C; Viana, Milena B

    2016-01-15

    In previous studies, we verified that exposure to unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) facilitates avoidance responses in the elevated T-maze (ETM) and increased Fos-immunoreactivity in different brain structures involved in the regulation of anxiety, including the dorsal raphe (DR). Since, it has been shown that the DR is composed of distinct subpopulations of serotonergic and non-serotonergic neurons, the present study investigated the pattern of activation of these different subnuclei of the region in response to this stress protocol. Male Wistar rats were either unstressed or exposed to the UCMS procedure for two weeks and, subsequently, analyzed for Fos-immunoreactivity (Fos-ir) in serotonergic cells of the DR. To verify if the anxiogenic effects observed in the ETM could be generalized to other anxiety models, a group of animals was also tested in the light/dark transition test after UCMS exposure. Results showed that the UCMS procedure decreased the number of transitions and increased the number of stretched attend postures in the model, an anxiogenic effect. UCMS exposure also increased Fos-ir and the number of double-labeled neurons in the mid-rostral subdivision of the dorsal part of the DR and in the mid-caudal region of the lateral wings. In the caudal region of the DR there was a significant increase in the number of Fos-ir. No significant effects were found in the other DR subnuclei. These results corroborate the idea that neurons of specific subnuclei of the DR regulate anxiety responses and are differently activated by chronic stress exposure. PMID:26462572

  2. 局部阻滞疗法并激光治疗肱骨外上髁炎%Local blocking combined with laser onexternal humeral epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘崇丽; 李昭杨

    2003-01-01

    @@ BACKGROUND: External epicondylitis of distal humerus is often caused by overwork of wrist which pathological change are hyperemia, edema, exudation and adhesion of local tissue, laceration, calcification, aseptic necrosis of extensor tendon, or local synovitis, burstis.

  3. Efficacy of tennis elbow (epicondylitis humeri radialis) treatment in CBR "Praxis".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecar, Dzemal; Avdić, Dijana

    2009-02-01

    Tennis elbow (Epicondylitis humeri radialis) is the most frequent reason that patients with elbow pain report to a physician. The exact cause of elbow pain is still unclear. However, it is certainly causally connected with connective intersection between forearm muscle and bone in the elbow region. In this paper, we analyzed patients that, over the period of 15 years, reported to "Praxis" clinic for elbow pain treatment (Epicondylitis humeri radialis). Of the total number of 228 patients, 126 were male, 101 female while one patient was younger than 14. Initial analysis established that average overall health condition grade was 2,87 at the onset of treatment. Following the treatment completion that grade was 4,48. Of the total number of 223 patients who were treated by combined method of manipulation and local corticosteroid instillation, eight patients received physical therapy as well. Thus, surgical treatment was not necessary in any patient. The patients' treatment included: 1. Application of manipulative methods in order to reestablish mobility in the "blocked" radio-humeral and the upper radio-ulnar joints. 2. Local instillation of corticosteroid depot in order to control inflammation (enthesitis) and thus, eliminate pain and establish physiological conditions for functioning of joint and local structures. Unlike conservative method which includes initial immobilization due to irritation and inflammation development prevention with concomitant analgesic and antirheumatic therapy, initial application of manipulation with reinstatement of joint mobility instead of immobilization with subsequent instillation of steroid preparations achieves functional restitution and fast reinstatement of full working ability, as a rule.

  4. EFFECTIVENESS OF MOBILIZATION WITH MOVEMENT OF ELBOW COMPARED WITH MANIPULATION OF WRIST IN PATIENTS OF LATERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    OpenAIRE

    Namrata Patel

    2013-01-01

    Purpose:To evaluate the effectiveness of mobilization with movement of elbow compared with manipulationof wr ist on pai n, strength and acti viti es of dai l y l i vi ng i n patients of l ateral epi condyl i tis.Methodology:An interventional comparative study was conducted on 30 patients having symptomatic lateralepicondylitis. They were randomly assigned to one of the three groups. Group A (n=10) control group,Group B(n=10) Mobilization with movement group and Group C (n=10) wrist manipulati...

  5. 犬踝关节外侧副韧带损伤后本体感觉的变化%Changes of the proprioceptors in the partly injuried lateral collateral ligament in canine ankle with chronic instability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彬; 温昱

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To observe the morphological and functional changes of the proprioceptors in the partly injuried lateral collateral ligament in canine ankle with chronic instability following time. [Method] The lateral collateral ligament in canine ankle was damaged to make chronic ankle instability animal model. At 1,3 and 6 month post-operatively separately, the tissue in the lateral collateral ligament was examined with gold chlorid staining method and electrophysiologic study (including SEPs and EMG) to judge the morphological and functional changes of the neuromechanism in the ligament tissue. [Result] The quantity of the proprioceptors in the injuried lateral collateral ligament gradually reduced following time, and the morphogenesis of the proprioeeptors changed, including the volume of proprioeeptors diminuted and part structure depleted. The incubation period and wave amplitude of the SEPs and EMG degraded gradually following time with electrophysiologic study to the injuried lateral collateral ligament. [ Conclusion ] The proprioceptors in the ligament can still have some function after lateral collateral ligament in injuried canine ankle,but the effect will weaken gradually following time.%[目的]观察慢性踝关节不稳时韧带内本体感受器的形态和功能变化.[方法]制造Beagle犬慢性踝关节不稳动物模型,分别于术后1、3、6个月对损伤的踝关节外侧副韧带进行氯化金染色光学显微镜检查和电生理检查(包括体感诱发电位和腓肠肌肌电图),评价损伤韧带内神经结构的形态功能情况.[结果]慢性踝关节不稳时损伤的外侧副韧带内本体感受器的数量逐渐减少,异形的本体感受器增多,体积缩小,部分结构缺失,体感诱发电位和腓骨肌肌电图的潜伏期逐渐延长、波幅逐渐降低.[结论]慢性踝关节不稳时,损伤的外侧副韧带内的本体感受器短期内仍能发挥一定的作用,但是随着时间的延长,其作用逐渐减弱.

  6. Taking Sides: An Integrative Review of the Impact of Laterality and Polarity on Efficacy of Therapeutic Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Anomia in Chronic Poststroke Aphasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandars, Margaret; Cloutman, Lauren; Woollams, Anna M

    2016-01-01

    Anomia is a frequent and persistent symptom of poststroke aphasia, resulting from damage to areas of the brain involved in language production. Cortical neuroplasticity plays a significant role in language recovery following stroke and can be facilitated by behavioral speech and language therapy. Recent research suggests that complementing therapy with neurostimulation techniques may enhance functional gains, even amongst those with chronic aphasia. The current review focuses on the use of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) as an adjunct to naming therapy for individuals with chronic poststroke aphasia. Our survey of the literature indicates that combining therapy with anodal (excitatory) stimulation to the left hemisphere and/or cathodal (inhibitory) stimulation to the right hemisphere can increase both naming accuracy and speed when compared to the effects of therapy alone. However, the benefits of tDCS as a complement to therapy have not been yet systematically investigated with respect to site and polarity of stimulation. Recommendations for future research to help determine optimal protocols for combined therapy and tDCS are outlined.

  7. Taking Sides: An Integrative Review of the Impact of Laterality and Polarity on Efficacy of Therapeutic Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Anomia in Chronic Poststroke Aphasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Sandars

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Anomia is a frequent and persistent symptom of poststroke aphasia, resulting from damage to areas of the brain involved in language production. Cortical neuroplasticity plays a significant role in language recovery following stroke and can be facilitated by behavioral speech and language therapy. Recent research suggests that complementing therapy with neurostimulation techniques may enhance functional gains, even amongst those with chronic aphasia. The current review focuses on the use of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS as an adjunct to naming therapy for individuals with chronic poststroke aphasia. Our survey of the literature indicates that combining therapy with anodal (excitatory stimulation to the left hemisphere and/or cathodal (inhibitory stimulation to the right hemisphere can increase both naming accuracy and speed when compared to the effects of therapy alone. However, the benefits of tDCS as a complement to therapy have not been yet systematically investigated with respect to site and polarity of stimulation. Recommendations for future research to help determine optimal protocols for combined therapy and tDCS are outlined.

  8. Corticosteroïdinjecties, fysiotherapie of een afwachtend beleid voor patiënten met een epicondylitis lateralis? Een gerandomiseerd onderzoek in de eerste lijn.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smidt, N.; Windt, D. van der; Assendelft, P.; Devillé, W.; Bouter, L.

    2004-01-01

    Doel: Vergelijking van de effecten van corticosteroïdinjecties, fysiotherapie en een afwachtend beleid voor een epicondylitis lateralis. Methoden: Patiëntenselectie vond plaats in 65 deelnemende huisartsenpraktijken. De belangrijkste insluitcriteria waren: minimaal 6 weken pijn aan de laterale zijde

  9. OBSERVATION ON THE THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF ACUPUNCTURE OF CHONGYANG ACUPOINT PLUS MOXIBUSTION FOR TREATMENT OF 30 CASES OF EXTERNAL HUMERAL EPICONDYLITIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李万婷; 崔丽琴

    2003-01-01

    In the present paper, the authors stmmnarize their results of 30 cases of external humeral epicondylitis treated with thermal acupuncture of Chongyang (ST 42) and Ashi-points. After 3- 15 sessions of treatment, of the 30cases, 24 (80%) were cured, and the rest 6 (20%) responded with apparent improvement in their symptoms.

  10. Curative Effect of Semitendinosus Tendon Transplantation on Chronic Lateral Instability of the Ankle%半腱肌肌腱移植治疗慢性踝关节外侧不稳疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓勇; 徐杨博; 鲁晓波

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the curative effect of semitendinosus tendon transplantation on chronic lateral instability of the an-kle. Methods Semitendinosus tendon transplantation was performed on 26 patients with chronic lateral instability of the ankle and plas-ter external fixation was made after surgery, and rehabilitation was applied;follow-up was performed 6 months after surgery and the cu-rative effect was analyzed. Results The follow-up of the 26 patients lasted from 8months to 3 years with the average of 1.8 years;ac-cording to AOFAS, the effect was excellent in 8 cases, good in 14 cases and fair in 4 cases, the total effective rate reached 84.6%, and the average AOFAS score went up from 61.3 before surgery to 86.54 after surgery. Conclusions Semitendinosus tendon transplantation plus suitable rehabilitation is of reliable effect on chronic lateral instability of the ankle and the function of ankle joint can have a satis-factory recovery.%目的:观察半腱肌肌腱移植治疗慢性踝关节外侧不稳的手术疗效。方法用半腱肌肌腱移植治疗26例慢性踝关节外侧不稳的患者,术后石膏外固定,康复锻炼,6个月后进行随访、分析治疗效果。结果26例患者均获得随访观察,随访时间8个月~3年,平均1.8年。按AOFAS标准评定,术后结果优8例,良14例,中4例,优良率为84.6%。AOFAS评分从术前平均61.3分提高到术后平均86.54分。结论半腱肌肌腱移植治疗慢性踝关节外侧不稳,结合良好康复治疗,踝关节功能恢复满意,疗效可靠。

  11. 肱骨内上髁炎手术治疗的疗效分析%Therapeutic effect analysis of surgical treatment of medial epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘土; 孙鲁源; 柴益民

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of medial epicondylitis and to investigate the surgical technique. Methods From January 2011 to February 2013, 24 patients with medial epicondylitis underwent open surgery, who all had a poor response to conservative treatment. The degenerated tissues at the starting points of pronator teres tendons were resected. The preoperative and postoperative Harris Hip Scores 2 ( HHS2 ) and Mayo scores were compared, which were reported by the patients themselves with pain in the elbow, and the surgical outcomes were evaluated based on the statistical analysis. Results All the 24 patients were followed up for an average period of 13.7 months ( range:8-23 months ). The HHS2 were 73.2±6.4 points, 93.0±4.7 points, 92.5±5.0 points and 94.5±5.1 points preoperatively and at the 1st, 2nd and 6th month postoperatively. The Mayo scores were 72.8±5.8 points, 83.2±6.3 points, 87.9±4.9 points and 91.7±6.0 points preoperatively and at the 1st, 2nd and 6th month postoperatively. The HSS2 and Mayo scores showed the apparent improvement of the subjective sensation and the elbow function after the surgery. Good long-term outcomes were noticed in 19 of the 24 patients ( 79.2%). Two patients ( 8.3%) had mild chronic pain on the medial side of the elbow. Three patients ( 12.5%) had secondary procedures because of ulnar neuritis, whose neurological symptoms were improved postoperatively. Conclusions The outcomes of open surgery are reliable in the treatment of refractory medial epicondylitis. Prophylactic neurolysis and anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve are recommended in the patients with combined ulnar neuritis.%目的:观察肱骨内上髁炎手术治疗的临床效果,并探讨手术技巧。方法自2011年1月至2013年2月,我科对24例保守治疗效果欠佳的肱骨内上髁炎患者行开放手术治疗,切除旋前屈肌群肌腱起始处的退变组织。对比患者术前、术后的

  12. Deep Transverse Lateral Retinaculum Reconstruction for Medial Patellar Instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchis-Alfonso, Vicente; Montesinos-Berry, Erik; Monllau, Joan Carles; Andrish, Jack

    2015-06-01

    Medial patellar instability can be a disabling complication of an extensive lateral retinaculum release. It is often overlooked, and for the diagnosis, it is necessary to have a high index of suspicion. Typically, the patient feels a new pain and new instability after the lateral retinaculum release that are distinct from, and much worse than, those before surgery. All of our patients had significant relief from their pain with "reverse" McConnell taping. If there is a significant improvement in symptoms after this taping and stress radiographs or stress axial computed tomography scans show an objective pathologic medial patellar displacement, reconstruction of the lateral retinaculum should be considered. This article details our technique for reconstruction of the deep transverse layer of the lateral retinaculum using an anterior strip of the iliotibial band. This strip is detached from its insertion onto the Gerdy tubercle and then reflected proximally beyond the level of the lateral femoral epicondyle. Finally, it is attached either by direct suture to the remaining prepatellar and peripatellar retinaculum if there is adequate tissue present or by a suture anchor. PMID:26258038

  13. FIFTY-THREE CASES OF EXTERNAL HUMERAL EPICONDYLITIS TREATED WITH WARM ACUPUNCTURE AND TRIPLE PUNCTURE%温针齐刺治疗肱骨外上髁炎53例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌渊

    2007-01-01

    @@ The author has treated external humeral epicondylitis with triple puncture recorded in Miraculous Pivot: Official Needles (), combined with warm acupuncture and won good therapeutic effects, following is the report.

  14. MEDIAL EPICONDYLE FRACTURE OF THE HUMERUS WITH ULNAR NERVE PALSY OF AN 11-MONTH-OLD INFANT:CASE REPORT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张楷乐; 张自明; 张菁

    2013-01-01

    <正>To our knowledge,there is no report concerning medial epicondyle fracture of the humerus for infants,the clinical course and treatment outcome of an 11 -month-old boy with such fracture with ulnar nerve palsy was described in this article.Ulnar nerve detection and scar tissue release were performed.The bony fragment was anatomically reduced and fixed with an anchor.The above-elbow wellpadded anterior plastic splint was used postoperatively for 4 weeks.After removing the splint,the motion of hand had no obvious improvement accompanied with claw hand deformity,and nerve transplantation was suggested to the patient’s parent.We would like to remind clinicians of encountering the clinical manifestations to be vigilant for any possibilities.

  15. 体外冲击波治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效观察%Observating of the curative effects of extra-corporeal shock wave therapy on external hu-meral epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴长青; 华英

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the curative effect of extracor⁃poreal shock wave therapy on lateral epicondylitis. METHODS:A total of 56 cases with lateral epicondylitis admitted to our hospi⁃tal from January 2013 to June 2014 were selected and randomly divided into observation group and control group. Thirty patients in observation group received extracorporeal shock wave therapy, while 26 cases in control group received corticosteroid injection. Complications were recorded; visual analogue scale ( VAS ) and disabilities of arm, shoulder, and hand ( DASH) was used to e⁃valuate the effect, before the treatment, after 6⁃week treatment, and after three⁃month treatment. RESULTS:All the patients had full follow⁃ups. Local swelling and subcutaneous blood stasis ap⁃peared in six patients, and symptoms relieved after treatment. All patients had VAS ( lifting a 5KG dumbbell) and DASH assess⁃ment for three times, with the VAS score being 7. 6 ± 1. 3 before the treatment, 3. 2 ± 0. 7 6 weeks after treatment, and 2. 1 ± 0. 3 three months after treatment in observation group, and those num⁃bers being 7. 5 ± 1. 2, 3. 1 ± 0. 6, and 1. 9 ± 0. 4 in control group. There was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0. 05). The DASH score were 16. 1 ± 1. 5, 10. 2 ± 1. 1, and 6. 1 ± 0. 6 in observation group, while 15. 8 ± 1. 4, 9. 8 ± 0. 9, and 5. 9 ± 0. 5 in control group. There was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0. 05). There was, how⁃ever, statistically significant difference between pre⁃treatment score and post⁃treatment score (P <0. 05). CONCLUSION:Curative effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on lateral epicondylitis are prominent, which is the same to corticosteroid injection. It can markedly improve the symptoms of external hu⁃meral epicondylitis and is worthy of further promotion in the clini⁃cal practice.%目的:观察体外冲击波治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效.方法:选择2013⁃01/2014⁃06

  16. Treating external humeral epicondylitis with fire acupuncture need%毫火针治疗肱骨外上髁炎38例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艳红

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨毫火针治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床效果。方法:38例肱骨外上髁患者采取毫火针治疗。留针30min,隔日1次,5次为1个疗程。结果:24例治愈,占64%;12例好转,占13%;2例无效,占5%。总有效率为95%。结论:此法操作简便,起效快,易于掌握,治愈率高,值得临床推广。%Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of fire acupuncture need on treating external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:38 cases of external humeral epicondylitis were treated by fire acupuncture need. Results:24 cases were cured, occupying 64%, 12 cases were improved, occupying 13%, 2 cases were invalid, occupying 5%. The total effective rate was 95%. Conclusion:Fire acupuncture need treatment was effective and safe on treating external humeral epicondylitis, worthy a wide clinical application.

  17. Efficacy of lateral collateral ligament reconstruction surgery combined with arthroscopy in treatment of chro-nic lateral ankle instability%外侧副韧带重建手术结合关节镜检查治疗慢性踝关节外侧不稳的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜新强; 汪明星

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察外侧副韧带重建手术结合关节镜检查治疗慢性踝关节外侧不稳的临床疗效。方法选取慢性踝关节外侧不稳患者60例,按照随机数字表法将患者分为研究组和对照组,每组30例。对照组给予保守治疗,研究组行踝关节镜探查清理联合腓骨短肌腱外侧韧带重建手术进行治疗,应用美国足踝外科踝-后足功能评分系统( AOFAS)评价两组治疗前后的评分,并比较两组优良率、复发率以及并发症发生率。结果两组治疗前AOFAS功能评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),两组治疗后AOFAS功能评分均显著升高,且研究组显著高于对照组,两组差异有统计学意义(t=9.837、10.873、8.789,均P<0.05);研究组优良率96.7%(29/30),显著高于对照组的73.3%(22/30);研究组复发率0.0%(0/30),显著低于对照组的13.3%(4/30);研究组并发症发生率3.3%(1/30),显著低于对照组的20.0%(6/30),两组差异均有统计学意义(χ2=13.982、15.037、13.298,均P<0.05)。结论外侧副韧带重建手术结合关节镜检查治疗慢性踝关节外侧不稳具有较好的临床疗效,且复发率较低,并发症较少。%Objective To study the clinical efficacy of lateral collateral ligament reconstruction surgery com-bined with arthroscopy in treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability.Methods 60 cases with chronic lateral ankle instability were selected,the patients were divided into the study group and the control group according to a random number table,which has 30 cases in each group.The control group was received conservative treatment, the study group was underwent exploratory arthroscopic ankle cleanup combined with peroneus brevis tendon lateral ligament reconstruction surgery.Scores before and after treatment of the two groups were detected in American bare foot and ankle

  18. Estudo anatômico do ligamento patelofemoral lateral em joelho de cadáveres Anatomical study of the lateral patellofemoral ligament in cadaver knees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Schmidt Navarro

    2008-07-01

    fresh cadavers by means of anatomical dissections. The dissections were standardized and the data were noted down and forwarded to statistical analysis. RESULTS: The LPFL presented a mean 16.05 mm width (standard deviation of 2.48, 42.10 mm length (standard deviation of 8.84. The femoral insertion was found at the lateral femoral epicondyle and with a fan-like expansion of the fibers, predominantly in the posterior region proximal to the lateral epicondyle. In the patella, the insertion found was in the upper-lateral region (in the middle of the upper third of the coronal plan, also with expanded fibers, but less intensely so. In the sagittal plan, the ligament was located in the posterior half of the border of the patella. The LPFL was isolated in the second lateral retinacular layer, the deep transverse retinaculum. CONCLUSION: The LPFL is located in the deep transverse retinacular layer with the presence of a fan-like expansion of its fibers both in the femoral and in the patellar insertions. The insertion is more posterior and proximal at the femoral epicondyle and in the posterior half of the patellar border (sagittal plan and in the upper-lateral aspect.

  19. Open lateral internal anal sphincterotomy under local anesthesia as the gold standard in the treatment of chronic anal fissures: A prospective clinical and manometric study Esfinterotomía lateral interna abierta con anestesia local como gold standard en el tratamiento de la fisura anal crónica: Estudio prospectivo clínico y manométrico a largo plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sánchez Romero

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: chronic anal fissure is one of the most frequent proctological disorders in Western populations. Open lateral internal sphincterotomy is one of the therapeutic options accepted as the treatment of choice for chronic anal fissure, since it reduces the hypertonia of the internal anal sphincter (the main etiopathogenic mechanism of fissures, decreases anal pain, and allows the fissure to heal. Material and methods: we carried out a prospective study of 120 patients operated on for chronic anal fissure with open sphincterotomy under local anesthesia at our Proctology Outpatient Unit from 1998 to 2001. No preoperative studies, bowel preparation, or antibiotic prophylaxis were carried out. All patients were followed up after 1 week, 2 months, 6 months, and 1 year, and underwent an anal manometry before and after surgery. Results: early complications: 3 hematoma-ecchymosis of the wound (2.5%, 3 self-limited hemorrhage events (2.5%. No hemorrhoidal thrombosis, fistulas, or perianal abscesses occurred. Fissures recurred in nine patients (7.5% within one year. The initial rate of incontinence of 7.5% at two months dropped down to 5% at six months. The mean resting pressure (MRP in incontinent patients was lower than in continent patients (55±7 mmHg versus 80.7 ± 21 mmHg. The difference in mean squeeze pressure (MSP between incontinent patients and continent patients was not statistically significant. Conclusions: open sphincterotomy under local anesthesia has a long-term rate of healing and a morbidity rate similar to other techniques. It may therefore be considered an effective treatment for chronic anal fissure.Introducción: la fisura anal crónica sigue siendo uno de los problemas proctológicos más frecuentes e incapacitantes en la población occidental actual. La esfinterotomía lateral interna abierta es una de las opciones terapéuticas descritas y aceptadas como tratamiento de elección de la fisura anal crónica, ya que reduce la

  20. 带线锚钉结合改良Brostr(o)m法修复慢性踝关节外侧不稳%Suture anchors in treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability using modified Brostr(o)m technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈刚; 陈封明; 任鹏; 李兵兵; 陈立; 周阳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To discuss the application of suture anchors in the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability using the modified Brostr(o)m technique.Methods From May 2009 to May 2011,we admitted 16 patients with ankle sprain of degree Ⅲ who had had little improvement after conservative treatment for more than 6 months and deteriorated into chronic lateral ankle instability.They were 7 men and 9 women,aged from 19 to 31 years (average,23.6 years).They all had mild swelling,pain and instability at the lateral ankle.We treated them with suture anchors using the modified Brostr(o)m technique.The pre-and post-operative ankle functions were evaluated by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) scores.The patients' subjective feeling after operation was evaluated by the Good grading system.Results The patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months (average,16 months).The AOFAS ankle and hindfoot score improved significantly from preoperative 65.00 ± 6.65 points to postoperative 92.06 ± 3.13 points,the talar antedisplacement from preoperative 11.38 ±2.23 mm to postoperative 3.19 ± 1.1 mm,and the talar tilt angle from preoperative 13.44° ± 2.25° to postoperative 4.69° ± 1.35° (P < 0.05).By the Good grading system for postoperative symptoms,there were 8 cases of grade Ⅰ,6 cases of grade Ⅱ,2 cases of grade Ⅲ and no case of grade Ⅳ,giving a good to excellent rate of 87.5%.Conclusion Suture anchors and modified Brostr(o)m technique is a reasonable and effective surgical method for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability.%目的 探讨带线锚钉结合改良Brostr(o)m法修复慢性踝关节外侧不稳的方法和疗效.方法 对2009年5月至2011年5月间收治16例慢性踝关节不稳患者进行回顾性分析,其中男7例,女9例;年龄19 ~31岁,平均23.6岁;均有踝关节外侧轻度肿胀、疼痛、不稳感,均为6个月以上的陈旧性损伤,而且经过3~6个月康复训练无改善,反复扭伤.均采用

  1. Absorbable rods for fixation of medial humeral epicondyle fracture in children%可吸收棒固定治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝吉斌; 邓洪辉; 宿玉玺; 覃佳强; 王忠良; 蔡文全; 南国新

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨儿童肱骨内上髁骨折的有效治疗方法. 方法 选择2008年1月-2011年6月收治的25例儿童肱骨内上髁骨折患者,其中男18例,女7例;年龄7~ 14岁,平均11.4岁.合并伤:肘关节脱位7例,外髁骨折2例.按随机数字表法将患者分为肘内侧入路、切开复位、可吸收棒内固定组(A组,13例)和切开复位经皮克氏针固定组(B组,12例).术后均采用石膏托固定.A组术后2~3周开始功能训练,B组术后4~6周有明显骨痂时开始功能训练,并定期随访. 结果 所有患者均获随访6 ~41个月,平均22个月.骨折愈合时间A组3~5周,平均3.8周;B组4~8周,平均5.6周.6个月后肘关节功能根据改良Bede评分标准:A组优10例,良3例,可0例,差0例,评分(93.7±3.3)分;B组优3例,良7例,可2例,差0例,评分(85.3±6.3)分(t=-4.24,P<0.05). 结论 切开复位可吸收棒内固定稳定性强、功能恢复好、并发症少,是治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折的理想方法.%Objective To discuss the effective treatments for fracture of the medial humeral epicondyle in children.Methods Twenty-five children with fracture of the medial humeral epicondyle treated from January 2008 to June 2011 were studied,including 18 males and 7 females at age of 7-14 years (mean,11.4 years).There were 7 cases accompanied with elbow joint dislocation and 2 lateral humeral epicondyle fracture.Patients were assigned to medial elbow approach to open reduction and internal fixation with absorbable rods (Group A,n =13) and open reduction and percutaneous K-wire fixation (Group B,n =12) according to the random number table.A plaster support was applied after surgery.Functional training was initiated 2-3 weeks after operation for Group A and 4-6 weeks after adequate callus formation for Group B.Moreover,follow-up was performed at regular intervals.Results All patients were followed up for 6-41 months (mean,22 months).Mean healing time was 3.8 weeks (range,3-5 weeks) in Group A

  2. Anatomical reconstruction of ligaments with chronic lateral ankle instability%自体肌腱移植解剖重建慢性踝关节外侧不稳定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪松; 冯华; 王满宜

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical results of an anatomical reconstruction technique for the lateral ligaments with semitendinosus autografts in treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability.Methods From October 2008 to October 2009, 16 patients with lateral instability of the ankle underwent surgery using the proposed methods. They were 8 men and 8 women, with a mean age of 28.2 years (range,19 to 47 years) . Nine patients received only the anterior talofibular ligament reconstruction. Seven patients received both the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament reconstruction. Standard stress radiographs under anesthesia were taken to determine which ligament would be reconstructed. The semitendinosus autografts were secured to the fibular insertion site with suture anchors and to the talar or calcaneus insertion site with interference screws. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores and standard stress radiographs were used to assess the patients preoperation and at the last follow-up.Results We had a mean follow-up of 12. 1 months (range, 6 to 18 months). In the 16 patients, the average preoperative AOFAS score was 70. 50 ± 3.98, and the final average AOFAS score increased to 93.06 ± 4. 78 ( t = - 24. 010, P = 0. 000). Their average anterior drawer sign improved from 8. 75 ± 3.38 mm to 3.51 ±1.63 mm ( t = 7. 028, P = 0. 000). In the 7 patients who had received both lateral ligaments reconstruction,their average talar tilt improved from 16. 18° ± 7.30° to 5.57° ± 2. 99° ( t = 5. 661, P = 0. 001 ). No significant complications were found in all but one patient who had a 10° limitation of dorsal flexion of the ankle.Conclusions Our short-term results reveal that anatomical reconstruction of the ligaments with chronic lateral ankle instability using the above-mentioned methods may be effective and have the advantages of precise anatomical reconstruction, firm fixation of the grafts, mini-invasive procedure for the

  3. Anwendung der extrakorporalen Stoßwellentherapie bei kalzifizierender Periathropathia humeroscapularis, Fersensporn und Epicondylitis humeri - Erfahrungsbericht aus dem Wilhelminenspital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feyertag J

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Stoßwellentherapie wird bei verschiedenen Indikationen, die unter konservativen Therapien schwer zu schwer zu behandeln sind, eingesetzt. Dazu zählen die kalzifizierenden Schultererkrankungen (Tendinitis calcarea, Epicondylitis humeri (EHR und die plantare Fasciitis mit/ohne plantarem Fersensporn (FSP. Berichtet werden die Ergebnisse von 147 Patienten (102 Frauen/45 Männer, mittleres Alter betrug 57,8 Jahre, die mittels einer einmaligen extrakorporalen Stoßwellentherapie (ESWT (Tend. calc. 82 %, FSP 11 % oder EHR 7 % mittels eines HMT-ReflecTron therapiert wurden. Verabreicht wurden im Mittel 1.800 Stoßwellen. Untersucht wurde die subjektive Verbesserung der Schmerzen anhand einer visuellen Analogskala vor und 6 Wochen nach der Therapie bei allen Patienten. Bei Patienten mit Tendinitis calcarea wurde auch eine Verbesserung der Funktion sowie Veränderungen der Kalzifizierungen untersucht. Bei allen Patienten konnte eine statistisch signifikante Verbesserung der Schmerzen sowie des Bewegungsumfanges beobachtet werden (p 0,0001. Röntgenaufnahmen ergaben eine partielle Verkleinerung der Kalkdepots bei ca. 80 % der Patienten. Aufgrund der geringen Zahl der Patienten fand sich für die EHR keine signifikante Verbesserung der Schmerzsymptomatik. Eine einmalige ESWT kann zu einer deutlichen Verbesserung der Schmerzsymptomatik und zu einer Verbesserung des Bewegungsumfanges führen. Bei 80 % der Patienten mit einer Tendinitis calcarea findet sich weiter eine partielle Verkleinerung der Kalkdepots 6 Wochen nach Therapie.

  4. 慢性踝关节外侧不稳合并骨软骨损伤术后中期随访报告%Postoperative Mid-term Outcomes of Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability Combined with Osteochondral Lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江东; 胡跃林; 焦晨; 郭秦炜; 谢兴; 陈临新; 高士基

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the postoperative 2 -4 year clinical outcomes of the chronic lateral ankle instability combined with chondral lesions . Methods The study was performed with 38 patients with chronic lateral instability combined with chondral lesions .Those patients underwent arthroscopic cartilage repair or debridement and insertion site reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligament from August 2010 to March 2012.There were 20 males and 18 females, with a mean age of (31.7 ±10.6) years old. The preoperative and postoperative VAS scores , AOFAS scores, Tegner scores, ankle stability, and the range of motion (ROM) were followed up and compared . Results The follow-up duration was 28 -45 (36.6 ±4.3) months.The median postoperative VAS scores [4.0 (0-7) vs.0 (0-7), Z=-4.210, P=0.000], AOFAS scores [74.0 (30 -92) vs.95.0 (52 -100), Z=-5.203, P=0.000], and Tegner scores [4.0 (1-8) vs.5.0 (1-8), Z=-2.631, P=0.009] were significantly improved from the preoperative levels.The ratio of recurrence and the ROM restriction were 28.9% (11/38) and 23.7% (9/38), respectively. Conclusion The postoperative mid-term outcomes are good in patients with chronic ankle instability combined with chondral lesions , with pain relieved and the joint function improved obviously .However, the ROM restriction is common.%目的:探讨慢性踝关节外侧不稳合并骨软骨损伤患者术后2~4年临床效果。方法2010年8月~2012年3月,38例慢性踝关节外侧不稳合并软骨损伤患者在我所行踝关节镜检、软骨修复或清理、外侧副韧带止点重建术,男20例,女18例,年龄(31.7±10.6)岁。随访并分析术前和术后疼痛VAS评分、AOFAS评分、Tegner评分、踝关节稳定性及关节活动度等。结果随访时间28~45个月,(36.6±4.3)月,AOFAS评分优27例,良8例,中3例,优良率91.2%。与术前相比,末次随访时VAS评分[中位数4.0(0~7) vs.0(0~7),Z=-4.210

  5. 药艾灸配合中药内服治疗肱骨外上髁炎1则%Treating 1 case of humeral epicondylitis in the medicine moxa acupuncture combined with TCM oral medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵崇智

    2013-01-01

    Humeral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is a common and frequently disease of clinical orthopedics. The writer summarized one representative case of humeral epicondylitis treating with the medicine moxa acupuncture combined with TCM oral medicine, the results showed that the TCM oral medicine was effective in treating humeral epicondylitis, worthy of a wide application.%  肱骨外上髁炎又称网球肘,是骨伤科临床常见病和多发病。笔者将1例采用药艾灸配合中药内服治疗肱骨外上髁炎的典型病例进行了总结。结果表明,药艾灸配合中药内服治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效好,值得临床推广使用。

  6. Effect of Physiotherapy on the treatment of tennis elbow

    OpenAIRE

    MARHOUN, Ondřej

    2013-01-01

    Tennis elbow syndrome, also known as lateral epicondylitis, is a condition that affects the area called enthesis. Enthesis, the transition from tendon to bone, take part in transfer of mechanical energy produced by muscles to the movement. These days 1-3% of the world population suffer from this condition (Dungl, 2005; Goguin, Rush, 2003; Johnson, 2007). There are two stages of lateral epicondylitis. The acute stage occurs after previous overworking, contrary to the chronical stage, which dev...

  7. Treatment of lateral humeral epicondylitis with local corticosteroid injections%局部封闭治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁胡生

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨肱骨外上髁炎局部封闭治疗的疗效.方法 对39例肱骨外上髁炎病例进行局部肌筋膜内注射复方倍他米松注射液(封闭治疗),并结合4周肘部制动治疗.结果 采用封闭治疗的39例均取得了满意疗效,优良率为94.9%,复发率为7.7%;与对照组相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 局部封闭治疗肱骨外上髁炎可取得较好疗效,为保守治疗肱骨外上髁炎的首选方法.

  8. Repairing ankle lateral collateral ligament chronic injury using different methods:A stability assessment%不同方法修复踝关节外侧副韧带慢性损伤的稳定性评价☆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦晨; 胡跃林; 郭秦炜; 王成; 梅宇; 谢兴; 杨渝平; 陈临新; 江东

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are many repair and reconstruction methods to restore the stability of lateral ankle joint. OBJECTIVE: To compare the mechanical changes of modified Karlsson procedure and modified Broström procedure for the treatment of lateral chronic ankle instability. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with lateral chronic ankle instability were enrol ed, among whom, 43 consecutive patients were treated with modified Broström procedure and fol owed-up for average (50.8±26.5) months, and 30 consecutive patients underwent modified Karlsson procedure and fol owed-up for (49.5±11.1) months. Chondral lesions, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score, Mazur score, Tegner score, satisfaction score and re-injury situation were recorded before and after treatment. Objective examinations including drawer test and inversion stress test were also done for assessment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: 38.4% patients had chondral lesions, and 40.5% lesions occurred in the anteromedial facet of the talocrural joint (talus zone I and tibia region I). Mazur score and Tegner score were significantly improved postoperatively in modified Broström group and modified Karlsson group. There were no significant differences on Mazur score and Tegner score between two groups. The improved American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score in the modified Karlsson group was significantly higher than that in the modified Broström group. The drawer test and inversion stress test were negative in two groups, except positive in one patient in modified Broström group. The treatment time in the modified Karlsson group was significantly shorter than that in the modified Broström group, and there was no significant difference in satisfaction score between two groups. There were two cases of re-injury in modified Broström group while one case in modified Karlsson group. Modified Karlsson procedure has the treatment effect similar to modified Broström procedure, but it is easier to operate.%

  9. Chronic pancreatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronic pancreatitis - chronic; Pancreatitis - chronic - discharge; Pancreatic insufficiency - chronic; Acute pancreatitis - chronic ... abuse over many years. Repeated episodes of acute pancreatitis can lead to chronic pancreatitis. Genetics may be ...

  10. 肱骨外上髁炎命名合理性的系统评价%The lateral epicondylitisnamed rationality:a systematic review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊科; 范伟; 安洪; 蔡枭; 胡廷毅

    2015-01-01

    literature about lateralepi-condylitis patients MRI features fromCochrane Library, Medline, OVID, EMBASE, Chinese biomedical literature database (CBM), VIP, CNKI, Wan fang digital journals, and totally 31 articles were reviewed. 13 articles met the inclusion criteria for the lateral epicondyle of humerus elbow in patients with MRI findings. In accordance with the case-control data RevMan 5.0 software was used for Meta analysis withodds ratio (OR) as count data statistics. Interval estimation wasmade of 95% confidence interval (CI). When the datacannot be performed Meta analysis, only qualitative analysis was made. Results 13 studies met the inclusion criteria, including 315 ipsilateralelbows (5 patients with bilateral disease, 305 patients with unilateral disease) and 169 asymptomatic side of the elbow (98 cases of patients with the contralateral elbow, 71 cases of healthy volunteers). The results of Meta analysis suggested that pa-tients and healthy volunteers of elbow MRI showed statistically significance [OR=88.55, 95%CI=(29.20, 268.57)]. Between ipsilateral elbow and contra lateral of elbow MRI showed statistically significance [OR=80.17, 95%CI=(21.53, 298.59)]. MRI analysis showed that in addition to signs of extensor tendon injury, the elbow was also widely associated with other changes, such as radial collateral ligament in-jury, bone marrow edema, joint effusion, tendon tear, and elbows muscle edema. Conclusion Through MRI findings,the maln pathological changes of the so-called lateralepicondyliti-saremalnly for total ex-tensor tendon and adjacent tissue of chronic injury, Naming the current external humeral epicondylitis is unreasonable. Therefore, periarthritis of lateral epicondyle of humerus seems to be the best appropri-ate term to be usedwhenthe ninth edition surgery textbooksisauthorized.

  11. Lateral orientation (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A lateral orientation is a position away from the midline of the body. For instance, the arms are lateral to the ... ears are lateral to the head. A medial orientation is a position toward the midline of the ...

  12. Cyriax physiotherapy versus phonophoresis with supervised exercise in subjects with lateral epicondylalgia: a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagrale, Amit V; Herd, Christopher R; Ganvir, Shyam; Ramteke, Gopichand

    2009-01-01

    Cyriax and Cyriax advocated the use of deep transverse friction massage in combination with Mill's manipulation in treating lateral epicondylalgia. Evidence comparing this approach with other physical therapies is lacking. The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of deep transverse friction massage with Mill's manipulation versus phonophoresis with supervised exercise in managing lateral epicondylalgia. Sixty patients age 30-60, presenting with the teno-periosteal variety of lateral epicondylalgia with symptom duration greater than one month, were randomized into two groups. The control group received phonophoresis with diclofenac gel over the area of the lateral epicondyle for 5 minutes combined with supervised exercise. The experimental group received 10 minutes of deep transverse friction massage followed by a single application of Mill's manipulation. Both groups received treatment 3 times per week for 4 weeks. Outcomes of interest included pain via visual analog scale (VAS), pain-free grip strength, and functional status measured with the Tennis Elbow Function Scale. Data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA. Whereas both groups improved significantly from the initiation of treatment, a between-group comparison revealed significantly greater (pCyriax physiotherapy is a superior treatment approach compared to phonophoresis and exercise in managing lateral epicondylalgia.

  13. Deep transverse friction massage for treating lateral elbow or lateral knee tendinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loew, Laurianne M; Brosseau, Lucie; Tugwell, Peter; Wells, George A; Welch, Vivian; Shea, Beverley; Poitras, Stephane; De Angelis, Gino; Rahman, Prinon

    2014-11-08

    Background Deep transverse friction massage, one of several physical therapy interventions suggested for the management of tendinitis pain, was first demonstrated in the 1930s by Dr James Cyriax, a renowned orthopedic surgeon in England. Its goal is to prevent abnormal fibrous adhesions and abnormal scarring. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2001.Objectives To assess the benefits and harms of deep transverse friction massage for treating lateral elbow or lateral knee tendinitis.Search methods We searched the following electronic databases: the specialized central registry of the Cochrane Field of Physical and Related Therapies,the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL),MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Clinicaltrials.gov, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), up until July 2014. The reference lists of these trials were consulted for additional studies.Selection criteria All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) comparing deep transverse friction massage with control or other active interventions for study participants with two eligible types of tendinitis (ie, extensor carpi radialis tendinitis (lateral elbow tendinitis, tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis or lateralis epicondylitis humeri) and iliotibial band friction syndrome (lateral knee tendinitis)) were selected. Only studies published in English and French languages were included.Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently assessed the studies on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results of individual trials were extracted from the included study using extraction forms prepared by two independent review authors before the review was begun.Data were cross-checked by a third review author. Risk of bias of the included studies was assessed using the "Risk of bias"tool of The Cochrane Collaboration. A pooled analysis was performed using

  14. Chronic Diarrhea

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... infections that cause chronic diarrhea be prevented? Chronic Diarrhea What is chronic diarrhea? Diarrhea that lasts for more than 2-4 ... represent a life-threatening illness. What causes chronic diarrhea? Chronic diarrhea has many different causes; these causes ...

  15. 奇正青鹏膏外敷配合推拿手法治疗30例肱骨外上髁炎临床疗效观察%Efficacy of QI ZHENG QING Peng Plaster and Massage Manipulation in Treating 30 Patients with Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红艳

    2013-01-01

    目的观察奇正青鹏膏配合推拿手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎治疗效果。方法将30例36肘随机分为两组,治疗组15例18肘,取2g左右青鹏膏涂于外侧髁压痛点区域,点按曲池、手三里、合谷,然后自肱骨外侧髁沿桡侧腕伸肌和指总伸肌腱走向反复推揉弹拨3min,放松肌肉直至药剂透皮吸收(不粘手为准),每天早晚2次治疗4w。对照组15例18肘,选用醋酸曲安奈德针20mg溶于2%利多卡因2.5ml,注射点选择外上髁前下方痛点周围区域,1次/w,共4w。4w后评定VAS评分及疗效。结果两组治疗结果经统计学检验P<0.05,治疗组疗效优于对照组,VAS评分降低更多,有显著性差异。结论奇正青鹏膏剂外敷配合推拿手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎方法简单,疗效显著,不良作用小,患者依从性好,值得临床推广使用。%Objective To observe the ef ect of QI ZHENG Qing Peng paste and massage manipulation treatment of humeral epicondylitis. Methods 30 patients (36 elbows) with humeral epicondylitis were randomized into two groups,15 patients (18 elbows) treated with QI ZHENG Qing Peng paste and massage manipulation, take 2 grams Qing Peng cream applied to the region of the lateral condyle of tender points, tap Qu CHI, SHOU SANLI, Hegu, Ashi xue,then from the lateral humeral condyle along the radial side of the wrist extensor and refers to the total extensor tendon towards repeated push, rub, fingerstyle and toggle for 3 minutes, relax the muscles until the pharmaceutical transdermal absorption (sticky prevail),twice a day (morning and evening) , for four weeks. 15 patients (18 elbows)in the control group,treated with triamcinolone acetonide needle 20mg dissolved in 2% lidocaine 2.5ml external condyle pain points below the area around the injection point selection, once a week for 4 weeks. The dif erence between VAS score and ef icacy were for statistical analysis after 4 weeks. Results Compared with control

  16. 针灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎文献质量评价%Literature Quality Evaluation for Acupuncture Treatment of External Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一先; 陈少宗

    2012-01-01

    Objective : To research quality evaluation of literature of acupuncture and moxihustion in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods : The retrieval of Chinese Academic Journal Full-text Database ( CNKI ) was made, retrieval time deadline was November of 2010. All related literatures of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis with randomized controlled trials were selected in accordance with the inclusion criteria lor clinical trials, evaluating the method. Results : The randomized controlled trials accounted for 32%, 21.54% of the documents had eomparsions between groups of statistics, the balance between groups was reliable. 32.31% literature had a clear diagnostic criteria. The correct use of stochastic grouping method accounted lor 2.56%, 17 articles had follow-up record, 2 mentioned blind method, 3 papers mentioned treatment safety and adverse reaction. Conclusion : The limited inlcusion criteria shows acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis superiority still needs more high quality, inner reality of randomized controlled trials.%目的:对针灸治疗肱骨外上髁的试验研究进行文献质量评价.方法:检索中文学术期刊全文数据库(CNKI),检索时间截止至2010年11月.获取所有涉及针灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎的随机对照试验,选择符合纳入标准的临床试验,评价其方法.结果:其中随机对照试验占32%,21.54%的文献进行细间可比性的统计,组间均衡性比较可靠,有明确诊断标准的文献占32.31%,正确运用随机分组方法的文献占2.56%,17篇文献有随访记录,2篇提及盲法,3篇提及治疗安全性及不良反应.结论:目前有限的纳入试验显示,对于针灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎的优越性尚需更多的质量高、内在真实性好的随机对照试验来证实.

  17. Minimally invasive surgery for children with unstable of humerus epicondyle fractures%微创治疗儿童肱骨髁上不稳定骨折

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈建业; 谭志胜; 郑彩平; 李有生; 梁炳生

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨以生物学固定及间接复位技术为基础,微创治疗儿童肱骨髁上不稳定骨折的临床疗效.方法 对86例儿童肱骨髁上不稳定骨折采用闭合复位,部分加内侧小切口,然后经皮克氏针交叉固定辅加石膏托外固定进行治疗.结果 术后随访时间为6个月至5年(平均2.5年),骨折全部愈合,平均愈合时间为1.2个月.参照Flum临床功能评定标准评定:优78例,良6例,可2例;优良率为98%.结论 以微创为原则闭合复位,经皮交叉克氏针内固定治疗儿童肱骨髁上不稳定骨折,该方法 符合生物学固定的观点,创伤小,并发症少,恢复快,疗效满意.%Objective To explore the clinical trestment outcomes d minimally invasive surgery for children with unstable humerus epicondyle fractures using biological internal fixation arid indirect reduction. Methods This series involved 86 children with unstable humerus epicondyle fractures. They were treated with close reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire cross fixation assisted with small incisions on the medial side. Immobilization was supplemented with a plaster cast. Results Postoperative follow up ranged from 6 months to 5 years (average 2.5 years). All fractures healed. The average time of fracture healing was 1.2 month. According to Flum clinical functional assessment standard, 78 cases had excellent results, 6 cases good and 2 cases fair. The gcod-excellent rate was 98%. Conclusion Minimally invasive surgery for children with unstable humerus epicondyle fractures including close reduction and percutaneous fixation by cross K-wires. It obeys biomechanical laws, causes minimal trauma and few complications, achieves rapid recovery and leads to satisfactory treatment outcome.

  18. The Investigation on Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment of External Humeral Epicondylitis%肱骨外上髁炎的中医治疗探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春光

    2015-01-01

    Objective The Traditional Chinese medicine treatment of external humeral epicondylitis is to be investigated. Methods Choose 42 patients of external humeral epicondylitis who are treated in hospital from September 2013 to October 2014 and cure them with traditional Chinese medicine treatment, including both internal and external traditional Chinese medicine treatment as wel as non-drug therapy. And then observe the treatment efficiency. Results With the treatment of acupuncture,massage,external application as wel as oral-taking of traditional Chinese medicine,al of 42 patients’ il ness symptoms have been relieved; thus,such a treatment approach is quite effective and it has statistic value(P<0.05).Conclusion Traditional Chinese medicine treatment is conducive to eliminating spasm of joints and its surround tissue,in addition,it is effective to cure inflammation and restore the stress and tension balance of elbow,therefore,the traditional Chinese medicine treatment of external humeral epicondylitis is quite worthy to be clinical y promoted and applied.%目的:探讨肱骨外上髁炎的中医治疗探析。方法选取2013年9月~2014年10月我院接诊的42例肱骨外上髁炎患者,全部采用中医治疗方法,包括中药内治、中药外治以及非药物疗法,观察患者的治疗效果。结果42例患者经过中医针灸、推拿、中药外敷、中药内服等治疗后症状缓解,治疗效果显著,有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论中医治疗肱骨外上髁炎能够解除关节与周围组织的痉挛,消除炎症,恢复肘关节的应力和张力平衡。

  19. Cross-cultural adaptation and determination of the reliability and validity of PRTEE-S (Patientskattad Utvärdering av Tennisarmbåge, a questionnaire for patients with lateral epicondylalgia, in a Swedish population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baigi Amir

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Sweden, as well as in Scandinavia, there is no easy way to evaluate patients' difficulties when they suffer from lateral epicondylitis/epicondylalgia. However, there is a Canadian questionnaire, in English, that could make the evaluation of a patient's pain and functional loss both quick and inexpensive. Therefore, the aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the questionnaire "Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation" into Swedish (PRTEE-S; "Patientskattad Utvärdering av Tennisarmbåge", and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the test. Methods The Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation was cross-culturally adapted for the Swedish language according to well-established guidelines. Fifty-four patients with unilateral epicondylitis/epicondylalgia were assessed using the PRTEE-S (Patientskattad Utvärdering av Tennisarmbåge, the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire, and the Roles & Maudsley score to establish the validity and reliability of the PRTEE-S. Reliability was determined via calculation of the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC the internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha, and validity was calculated using Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results The test-retest reliability, using the PRTEE-S (Patientskattad Utvärdering av Tennisarmbåge intraclass correlation coefficient, was 0.95 and the internal consistency was 0.94. The PRTEE-S correlated well with the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (r = 0.88 and the Roles & Maudsley score (r = 0.78. Conclusion The PRTEE-S (Patientskattad Utvärdering av Tennisarmbåge represents a reliable and valid instrument to evaluate the subjective outcome in Swedish speaking patients with lateral epicondylitis/epicondylalgia, and can be used in both research and clinical settings.

  20. Lateral flow strip assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Robin R.; Benett, William J.; Coleman, Matthew A.; Pearson, Francesca S.; Nasarabadi, Shanavaz L.

    2011-03-08

    A lateral flow strip assay apparatus comprising a housing; a lateral flow strip in the housing, the lateral flow strip having a receiving portion; a sample collection unit; and a reagent reservoir. Saliva and/or buccal cells are collected from an individual using the sample collection unit. The sample collection unit is immersed in the reagent reservoir. The tip of the lateral flow strip is immersed in the reservoir and the reagent/sample mixture wicks up into the lateral flow strip to perform the assay.

  1. EFFECT OF KINESIO TAPING VERSUS ATHLETIC TAPING ON PAIN AND MUSCLE PERFORMANCE IN LATERAL EPICONDYLALGIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashi Goel

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Lateral epicondylalgia is a degenerative musculoskeletal pain state characterised by pain over the lateral humeral epicondyle resulting in absenteeism from work and daily living activities. It is most prevalent in jobs requiring repetitive manual activities of the upper extremity. Literature describes different treatment options for lateral Epicondylalgia but there is no consensus about the most efficacious intervention strategy. Taping (athletic/kinesio has been used successfully in various musculoskeletal conditions with successful results. To date, no study has investigated the effect of kinesio taping in lateral epicondylalgia. The purpose of the study was to investigate and compare the effects of kinesio taping and athletic taping on pain and muscle performance in patients with lateral epicondylalgia. 16 patients (9 males, 7 females within age group of 18 – 50 years participated in the study. It was a cross over design. VAS, digital al goniometer and Jamar Dynamometer were used to quantify pain, pressure pain threshold and pain free grip strength. These were evaluated pre taping, immediately after taping and after 30 minutes of each taping application selected randomly for two consecutive days. Repeated measures ANOVA and percentage change were used to examine differences in outcome measures. Bonferroni correction was applied to correct for repeated testing. The results showed significant pain reduction and increase in grip strength after both the taping techniques but no statistically significant differences for any outcome measure between the two taping techniques (p>0.05. Also the immediate pain reduction was more after athletic taping (21% than kinesio taping (10% that corresponded to the immediate increase in pain free grip strength more after athletic taping (14.5% than kinesio taping (9.7%. 30 minutes later both the outcome measures gave similar percentage changes . The present study concludes with the recommendation of both

  2. Prematurity, smallness-for-gestational age and later hospital admissions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Á Rogvi, Rasmus; Forman, Julie Lyng; Greisen, Gorm

    2015-01-01

    & urological diseases, and occurred throughout childhood and early adulthood. Novel findings included increased risks for delayed puberty, neurofibromatosis type 1 and ileus and decreased risks of mononucleosis, peritonsillar abscesses, chronic hypothyroidism and several types of fractures and contusions later...

  3. Severe Asthma in Childhood Linked to COPD Risk Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 158815.html Severe Asthma in Childhood Linked to COPD Risk Later Treatments for kids didn't seem ... go on to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in early adulthood, a new study suggests. People ...

  4. Lateral elbow instability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Dominic Stracey Clitherow

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lateral elbow stability utilises a combination of bony and soft tissue constraints. Lateral elbow instability is usually associated with an episode of elbow dislocation. Isolated lateral ligament complex insufficiency results in posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI, The most common presentation is lateral elbow discomfort and a sensation of instability, without recurrent dislocation. The lateral pivot shift test is unreliable for diagnosing PLRI when the patient is awake due to significant apprehension. Stress radiographs, fluoroscopy, computed tomography and arthroscopy are all useful investigations to confirm the diagnosis of lateral instability. Surgical treatment is indicated for functional instability. All associated fractures need to be addressed. In severe cases, the medial structures and the posterolateral capsule may also require reconstruction.

  5. Relationship between renal histology and later graft outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isoniemi, H; Ahonen, J; Eklund, B; Häyry, P; Höckerstedt, K; Krogerus, L; Salmela, K; Taskinen, E

    1994-01-01

    We have created the chronic allograft damage index (CADI), which quantifies the early histopathological changes in renal allografts. In this study we showed that the CADI at 2 years after renal transplantation predicted the graft outcome 4 years later and that the CADI identified the risk group that proceeded to chronic rejection during subsequent years.

  6. Interventions for treating chronic ankle instability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.S. de Vries; R. Krips; I.N. Sierevelt; L. Blankevoort; C.N. van Dijk

    2011-01-01

    Chronic lateral ankle instability occurs in 10% to 20% of people after an acute ankle sprain. Initial treatment is conservative but if this fails and ligament laxity is present, surgical intervention is considered. To compare different treatments, conservative or surgical, for chronic lateral ankle

  7. 半腱肌移植重建外侧副韧带治疗慢性踝关节不稳的临床研究%Clinical Study of Transplantation and Reconstruction of Semitendinosus into Lateral Collateral Ligament for Treatment of Chronic Ankle Instability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新雄

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of transplantation and reconstruction of semitendinosus into lateral collateral ligament for treatment of chronic ankle instability.Method 21 patients with lateral ankle instability were given treatment of transplantation and reconstruction of semitendinosus into lateral collateral ligament. Difference of ankle function before and after operation was observed and compared.Result Scores of ankle function after operation was obviously higher than before operation (P<0.05). Excellent and good rate of ankle function score after operation was 95.2% (excellent 12 cases, good 8 cases, and normal 1 case). Within 6 months follow-up visit, ankle function recovered regularly and no ankle instability occurred.Conclusion Transplantation and reconstruction of semitendinosus into lateral collateral ligament for treatment of chronic ankle instability can facilitate improvement of ankle function and lessen repeated attack, so it is worth of being adopted in clinical work.%目的 观察半腱肌移植重建外侧副韧带治疗慢性踝关节不稳的疗效.方法 将我院收治的21例踝关节外侧不稳患者进行半腱肌移植重建外侧副韧带.观察和比较手术前后踝关节功能状态的差异.结果 踝关节功能状态手术后评分显著高于手术前评分,比较有统计学差异(P<0.05).手术后踝关节功能评分优秀12例,良好8例,一般1例,优良率为95.2%.进行6个月随访,踝关节功能恢复正常且无踝关节不稳复发情况.结论 半腱肌移植重建外侧副韧带治疗慢性踝关节不稳,有利于踝关节功能的改善,减少反复发作,值得临床选择.

  8. Reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments with autograft of semitendinosus & bio-interference screws in chronic lateral instability of the ankle%自体半腱肌肌腱结合界面螺钉修复慢性踝关节外侧副韧带损伤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立来; 徐向阳; 刘津浩

    2011-01-01

    目的观察自体半腱肌肌腱结合可吸收界面螺钉修复慢性踝关节外侧副韧带损伤的疗效。方法应用同侧自体半腱肌肌腱结合可吸收界面螺钉修复慢性踝关节外侧副韧带损伤12例,男7例,女5例;年龄23~39岁,平均(29.4±4.8)岁;病程3~6个月。于外踝处钻孔,穿过编织的自体半腱肌肌腱,肌腱两端以可吸收界面螺钉分别固定在距腓前韧带和跟腓韧带的距骨及跟骨止点处。术后6个月摄X线片测量距骨位置,以美国矫形足踝协会(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society,AOFAS)踝-后足评分系统及足踝疗效评分(Foot and Ankle Outcome Score,FAOS)进行疗效评价。结果 全部患者随访6~24个月,平均12.3个月。切口均一期愈合。距骨倾斜角由术前15.43°±1.35°减小为术后6个月3.28°±1.17°,前抽屉试验距骨前移距离由术前(7.82±0.61) mm减小为术后6个月(3.71±0.41) mm,AOFAS踝-后足评分由术前(66.92±5.63)分增加至术后6个月(93.25±2.67)分,FAOS疼痛、其他症状、日常活动、运动、生活质量五项评分分别由术前(64.67±5.00)、(59.50±5.35)、(65.42±5.02)、(52.42±4.68)、(65.58±4.32)分增加至术后6个月(88.00±3.46)、(83.75±4.37)、(91.42±3.80)、(87.92±3.26)、(93.17±2.59)分,差异均有统计学意义。结论采用自体半腱肌肌腱结合可吸收界面螺钉可以重建慢性踝关节外侧副韧带的稳定性,术后踝关节功能恢复良好,其强度能满足运动需求。%Objective To observer the effect of autograft of semitendinosus and interference screws for reconstruction of lateral ankle ligaments. Methods A total of 12 cases of injured lateral ankle ligaments were selected, including 7 males and 5 females with an average age was 29.4 years, with a course of disease from 3 to 6 months. All lateral ligaments were reconstructed by autograft of semitendinosus & bio-interference screws. A 4.5 mm diameter tunnel was

  9. Stress and laterality - The comparative perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocklenburg, Sebastian; Korte, S Mechiel; Peterburs, Jutta; Wolf, Oliver T; Güntürkün, Onur

    2016-10-01

    Functional hemispheric asymmetries can vary over time and steroid hormones have been shown to be one of the factors that can modulate them. Research into this matter has mainly focused on sex steroid hormones (androgens, estrogens and progestogens), although there is increasing evidence that glucocorticoids which are related to the body's response to stress (e.g. cortisol or corticosterone) might also modulate functional hemispheric asymmetries. Here, we review studies in humans and non-human model species investigating the relation of stress and laterality. Results indicate a dual relationship of the two parameters. Both acute and chronic stress can affect different forms of lateralization in the human brain, often (but not always) resulting in greater involvement of the right hemisphere. Moreover, lateralization as a form of functional brain architecture can also represent a protective factor against adverse effects of stress. PMID:27321757

  10. 可吸收线张力带合并克氏针交叉固定治疗儿童陈旧性肱骨外髁骨折%Absorbable thread tension with the needle was merged cross ifxed treat children chronic humerus lateral condyle fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江政晃; 余舒鹏

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨可吸收线张力带合并克氏针治疗儿童陈旧性肱骨外髁骨折的治疗效果及儿童肱骨外髁骨折治疗的注意事项和经验。方法回顾性研究2014年1月至2016年1月江西中医药大学附属医院收治的18例陈旧性肱骨外髁骨折患儿临床资料,均采用可吸收线张力带合并克氏针交叉固定治疗,术后定期随访患儿骨折愈合情况。结果18例患儿均获得随访。骨折愈合时间4~12周,平均6周。无术后感染、神经损伤、肱骨小头缺血坏死、骨不连等并发症。肘关节活动根据 hardacre的疗效标评估,优16例(88.9%),良2例(11.1%)。结论可吸收线张力带合并克氏针交叉固定治疗儿童陈旧性肱骨外髁骨折获得较为满意的治疗效果;肱骨外髁骨折骨折的处理第一要务就是在于早期的诊断,及时正确的治疗,防止陈旧性肱骨外髁骨折的产生,而对于陈旧性肱骨外髁骨折的早期手术治疗却能够使得肘关节的外观和功能得到有效的纠正。%Objective to explore the absorbable thread tension with the needle was merged the curative effect of treating children chronic humerus lateral condyle fracture and children humerus condyle fracture treatment considerations and experience.Methods retrospective study between January 2014 and January 2014 in jiangxi university of traditional Chinese medicine affiliated hospital of 18 cases of pulmonary humerus lateral condyle fracture with clinical data, adopts absorbable thread tension with the needle was merged cross fixed treatment, postoperative follow-up on a regular basis with fracture healing.Results 18 cases were follow-up. Fracture healing time 4 ~ 12 weeks, 6 weeks on average. No postoperative infection, nerve injury, capitellum complications such as ischemic necrosis, bone nonunion. Elbow movement according to the curative effect of hardacre standard evaluation, optimal 16 cases (88.9%), good in 2 cases (11

  11. Laterally loaded masonry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raun Gottfredsen, F.

    In this thesis results from experiments on mortar joints and masonry as well as methods of calculation of strength and deformation of laterally loaded masonry are presented. The strength and deformation capacity of mortar joints have been determined from experiments involving a constant compressive...... stress and increasing shear. The results show a transition to pure friction as the cohesion is gradually destroyed. An interface model of a mortar joint that can take into account this aspect has been developed. Laterally loaded masonry panels have also been tested and it is found to be characteristic...

  12. Lateral Thinking of Prospective Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, A. S. Arul; Xavier, S. Amaladoss

    2013-01-01

    Edward de Bono who invented the term "lateral thinking" in 1967 is the pioneer of lateral thinking. Lateral thinking is concerned with the generation of new ideas. Liberation from old ideas and the stimulation of new ones are twin aspects of lateral thinking. Lateral thinking is a creative skills from which all people can benefit…

  13. Lateral flow assays

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Posthuma-Trumpie, G.A.; Amerongen, van A.

    2012-01-01

    A simple version of immunochemical-based methods is the Lateral Flow Assay (LFA). It is a dry chemistry technique (reagents are included); the fluid from the sample runs through a porous membrane (often nitrocellulose) by capillary force. Typically the membrane is cut as a strip of 0.5*5 cm. In most

  14. Clinical results of anatomical reconstruction of the lateral ligaments for chronic ankle instability%小切口解剖重建踝关节外侧韧带复合体治疗慢性外踝不稳的临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊; 李智尧; 刘劲松; 孙晋; 马佳; 张晟; 刘晓华

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨解剖重建踝关节外侧韧带复合体治疗慢性外踝不稳的临床疗效.方法:自2005年9月至2010年3月,采用解剖重建距腓前韧带及跟腓韧带手术治疗慢性外踝不稳29例,男24例,女5例;年龄15~35岁,平均24岁;病史7个月~10年,平均10个月.主要临床表现为踝关节反复扭伤.查体时29例均有踝关节的内翻增加以及距骨前移增加,内翻活动度比健侧平均增加(12.5±3.2)°.术中先在踝关节镜下处理关节内病变.移植物为自体股薄肌腱,距骨止点以锚钉在骨表面固定,移植物通过腓骨远端的骨隧道,跟骨止点以挤压钉在骨隧道内固定.术后通过观察患者症状的变化、距骨内翻和前移的程度改变以及影像学变化来评价疗效,并以AOFAS后足功能评分评价踝关节功能.结果:所有患者手术成功,无骨折及感染发生.所有患者获得随访,时间16~60个月,平均28个月.终末随访时无踝关节不稳定或活动受限.术后踝关节内翻角度比对侧增加值为(2.5±0.8)°,低于术前(t=12.3,P=0.012);距骨前移距离(3.5±0.8)mm,较术前(16.3±4.0)mm下降(t=18.6,P=0.002);距骨倾斜角(4.5±1.0)°,较术前(17.5±3.6)°下降(t=9.7,P=0.035);AOFAS后足功能评分(92.8±6.2)分,较术前(48.0±6.7)分升高(t=25.3,P=0.001).所有患者无严重并发症出现,对疗效满意.结论:自体股薄肌腱移植解剖重建踝关节外侧韧带复合体的手术方式符合解剖学重建理念,手术创伤小,术后恢复快,无严重并发症.该手术临床效果可靠,术后踝关节稳定性恢复良好,踝关节功能明显改善.%Objective: To investigate the clinical and radiological results of lateral stabilization with reconstruction of the lateral ligaments for the treatment of chronic lateral instability of the ankle. Methods: From September 2005 to March 2010,29 patients with chronic lateral instability of the ankle were reviewed. There were 24 males and 5 females with

  15. 本体感觉反射手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎41例%Clinical Study of Proprioceptive Sensibility Reflexotherapy Treating External Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    农文恒; 罗汉华; 张雪; 谢仁明

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察人体本体感觉反射疗法对肱骨外上髁炎的治疗效果.方法:对41例肱骨外上髁炎患者,实施人体本体感觉反射整复手法1个疗程,采用视觉模拟疼痛量表(VAS)及压力测痛仪(kg/cm2)压痛情况分别于治疗前和治疗后予以评定,治疗前、后分值比较采用配对t检验.结果:41例病人症状体征均得到不同程度的改善,治疗前、后差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:人体本体感觉反射无损伤手法整复术是一种治疗肱骨外上髁炎的有效方法.%Objective: To study the clinical effect on external humeral epicondylitis with proprioceptive sensibility rgflexolhera-py. Methods:41 patients with external humeral epicondylitis were treated with proprioceptive sensibility reflexotherapy for 5 days. The clinical effect was evaluated by visual analog score simulation (VAS) and instrument for measuring pain (kg/cm ) before and after treatment. The statistical analysis of the score before and after treatment was made by matching t test. Results:The clinical symptoms of 41 patients were improved compared with pre - treatment, there were statistically significant differences before and after treatment (P <0. 01). Conclusion: Proprioceptive sensibility reflexotherapy is an effective therapy on treating external humeral epicondylitis.

  16. Massage Cooperated with High Potential Therapeutic Apparatus in Treatment of 65 Cases of External Humeral Epicondylitis%推拿配合高电位治疗仪治疗肱骨外上髁炎65例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏振君; 李旭华

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To discuss the efficacy of massage cooperated with high potential thera-peutic apparatus in treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:65 patients with external humeral epicondylitis were treated by technique of rolling manipulation, kneading method, grasping manipulation, single-finger meditation pushing therapy, flipping and poking, pronation-traction and high potential therapeutic apparatus. The efficacy was observed. Results: 48 cases were excellent, 14 cases were good, 2 cases were middle, 1 case was bad. The total effective rate was 98.5%. Con-clusion:Massage cooperated with high potential therapeutic apparatus in treatment of external hu-meral epicondylitis has marked effect, and it is worthy of popularization and application.%  目的:探讨中医推拿配合高电位治疗仪治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效.方法:65例确诊为肱骨外上髁炎的患者,运用滚、揉、拿、一指禅、弹拨、旋前牵拉等手法配合高电位治疗仪治疗后统计疗效.结果:临床疗效优48例,良14例,中2例,差1例,总有效率98.5%.结论:中医推拿配合高电位治疗仪治疗肱骨外上髁炎效果显著,值得推广应用.

  17. Clinical observation of 80 cases of needle knife type in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis%针刀分型治疗肱骨外上髁炎80例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敬珍

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical effect of needle knife type in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:80 patients with external humeral epicondylitis were selected from March 2012 to February 2014.They were given needle knife type treatment.The effects were observed.Results:42 cases were cured after one time treatment,and 27 cases were cured after two times treatment.The cure rate was 87.5%,and the effective rate was 100%.Conclusion:The needle knife type in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis has the effect of releasing soft tissue,reduction,decompression,releasing conglutination,and it helps to build new blood circulation.%目的:观察针刀分型治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效。方法:2012年3月-2014年2月收治肱骨外上髁炎患者80例,采用针刀分型治疗,观察疗效。结果:1次治疗后痊愈42例,2次治疗痊愈27例,治愈率87.5%,有效率达100%。结论:针刀分型在肱骨外上髁炎患者中具有松解软组织,减张、减压、松解粘连的作用,有利于重新建立新的血液循环。

  18. 针刀配合痛点注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效观察%Efficacy Observation on Acupotomology Combined with Trigger Point Injection for External Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜丰山; 朱佩仪; 曾幸丽; 郭振宇; 卢利国

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨针刀配合痛点注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效。方法:将105例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为三组:治疗组(35例)采用针刀配合痛点注射治疗,对照I组(35例)单纯采用针刀治疗,对照II组(35例)单纯采用痛点注射治疗,观察三组临床疗效。结果:治疗组总有效率高于对照I组、对照II组(P0.05)。结论:针刀配合痛点注射疗法能有效提高肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效,安全有效,值得临床推广应用。%Objective:To investigate the efficacy of acupotomology combined with trigger point injection for external humeral epicondylitis. Meth-ods:105 cases of patients with external humeral epicondylitis were randomly divided into 3 groups:the treatment group (35 cases) treated by acu-potomology combined with trigger point injection, the control group I (35 cases) only by acupotomology, and control group II (35 cases) only by trig-ger point injection. observed the efficacy of 3 groups. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was higher than that of control group I and control group II (P0.05). Conclusion:The treatment of acupotomology combined with trigger point injection ca n effictively improve the efficacy of external humeral epicon-dylitis, and its safety and effiective makes it worthy of promotion and application.

  19. The influence of intensive electro-acupuncture on external humeral epicondylitis%强化电针刺治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨和平; 李易; 舒相平; 易陆; 梁莹

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of intensive electro-acupuncture at tenderness point and electro-acupuncture at acupoints in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. To find a treatment prescription on external humeral epicondylitis,that is simple, safe, pragmatic and applied to rural area.Methods: The parallel single blind randomized control clinical trial was administered 80 patients with external humeral epicondylitis were divided into two groups by random. Among these patients, therapeutic group(40) was treated with intensive electro-acupuncture at tenderness point, the control group(40) was treated with electro-acupuncture at acupoints, 5 times of treatment was a course.Results: The clinical observing showed that in therapeutic group intensive electro-acupuncture at tenderness point could improve the degrees of pain, compared to the control group, the difference was significant(P<0.01).Conclusion: intensive electro-acupuncture at tenderness point can effectively alleviate pain surffered from external humeral epicondylitis.and that is simple, safe, pragmatic and applied to rural area.%目的对比分析压痛点强化电针刺与常规腧穴电针治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效,以期探索一种适用于乡村的简便、安全、实用的治疗方案。方法 采用平行单盲随机对照研究,将80例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各40例,其中治疗组给予强化电针刺治疗,对照组给予常规腧穴电针治疗,两组均治疗5次。结果 治疗组患者疼痛程度明显改善,与对照组比较差异具有显著性(P<0.01)。结论 强化电针刺治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效显著且简单、安全、实用,适于在乡村推广。

  20. 微创小切口等离子射频成形术治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎%Application of minimally invasive radiofrequency angioplasty for the treatment of humeral epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海宁; 于秀淳; 付志厚; 惠文鹏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive radiofrequency angioplasty in treating the humeral epicondylitis.Methods From July 2005 to October 2010, 39 patients (12 males and 27 females) with refractory humeral epicondylitis were admitted in the hospital.Of the 39 patients, 18 were with epicondylitis on the left side and 21 were on the right side.A 2-3cm incision was obtained under the minimally invasive surgery.RF formed after punching the tendon with special tendon RF segment.Results All patients were followed up for 26 months on average (range; 10 to 48 months).35 cases were cured, 2 cases demonstrated excellent efficacy and 2 cases good efficacy.No surgery-related complication happened.Conclusions Minimal invasive radiofrequency angioplasty has characteristics of small lesion and easy operation in treating the refractory humeral epicondylitis with confirmed efficacy and no impact on the integrity and physical strength of the tendon.It can also promote the physical recovery of the tendon.It is an effective, reliable and new method in treating this disease at present.%目的评价微创手术等离子射频成形术治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的临床效果.方法自2005年7月至2010年10月收治39例顽固性肱骨外上髁炎,男12例,女27例,左侧18例,右侧21例,行微创小切口手术治疗,切口长约2~3cm,肌腱专用射频刀头行肌腱打孔,射频成形.结果所有病例均得到随访,时间10-48个月,平均26个月,治愈35例,显效2例,有效2例,无手术相关并发症发生.结论小切口等离子射频成形术治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎创伤小,操作简单,不影响肌腱的完整性和生理强度,并且可促进肌腱的生理性恢复,疗效确切,是目前治疗该疾病的一种微创、疗效可靠的新方法.

  1. Lateral Attitude Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Tina; Dickel, Nina; Liersch, Benjamin; Rees, Jonas; Süssenbach, Philipp; Bohner, Gerd

    2015-08-01

    The authors propose a framework distinguishing two types of lateral attitude change (LAC): (a) generalization effects, where attitude change toward a focal object transfers to related objects, and (b) displacement effects, where only related attitudes change but the focal attitude does not change. They bring together examples of LAC from various domains of research, outline the conditions and underlying processes of each type of LAC, and develop a theoretical framework that enables researchers to study LAC more systematically in the future. Compared with established theories of attitude change, the LAC framework focuses on lateral instead of focal attitude change and encompasses both generalization and displacement. Novel predictions and designs for studying LAC are presented.

  2. Lateral flow assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koczula, Katarzyna M; Gallotta, Andrea

    2016-06-30

    Lateral flow assays (LFAs) are the technology behind low-cost, simple, rapid and portable detection devices popular in biomedicine, agriculture, food and environmental sciences. This review presents an overview of the principle of the method and the critical components of the assay, focusing on lateral flow immunoassays. This type of assay has recently attracted considerable interest because of its potential to provide instantaneous diagnosis directly to patients. The range and interpretation of results and parameters used for evaluation of the assay will also be discussed. The main advantages and disadvantages of LFAs will be summarized and relevant future improvements to testing devices and strategies will be proposed. Finally, the major recent advances and future diagnostic applications in the LFA field will be explored. PMID:27365041

  3. The lateral angle revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morgan, Jeannie; Lynnerup, Niels; Hoppa, R.D.

    2013-01-01

    measurements taken from computed tomography (CT) scans. Previous reports have observed that the lateral angle size in females is significantly larger than in males. The method was applied to an independent series of 77 postmortem CT scans (42 males, 35 females) to validate its accuracy and reliability...... method appears to be of minimal practical use in forensic anthropology and archeology. © 2013 American Academy of Forensic Sciences....

  4. Management of Tennis Elbow with sodium hyaluronate periarticular injections

    OpenAIRE

    Petrella Robert J; Cogliano Anthony; Decaria Joseph; Mohamed Naem; Lee Robert

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Objectives To determine the efficacy and safety of peri-articular hyaluronic acid injections in chronic lateral epicondylosis (tennis elbow). Design Prospective randomized clinical trial in primary care sport medicine. Patients Three hundred and thirty one consecutive competitive racquette sport athletes with chronic (>3 months) lateral epicondylosis were administered 2 injections (first injection at baseline) into the subcutaneous tissue and muscle 1 cm. from the lateral epicondyle ...

  5. 带线锚钉在11例慢性踝关节外侧不稳韧带重建中的应用%With wire anchors application in the ligament reconstruction of 11 pa-tients with chronic lateral ankle instability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 武亚娟; 侯勇

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the value of with wire anchors in the treatment of cable anchors with chronic lat-eral ankle instability. Methods Selected 11 patients with chronic lateral ankle instability from January 2009 to Decem-ber 2012,7 males and 4 females,average age were(24.8±6.5) years,all implemented with wire anchors surgery to anatomi-cal reconstruction lateral ligaments,follow-up of 3 to 12 months postoperative,used a modified American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) scale to evaluate ankle function. Results Modified AOFAS ankle score excellent in 6 cases,good in 3 cases, fine in 1 case, poor in 1 case,good rate was 81.82%.AOFAS ankle scores were higher than preoperative after 3 months (P<0.05 or P<0.01); postoperative talar tilt angle,talar shift distance,ankle medial joint space was less than before(P<0.01). Conclusion With wire anchors application in the anatomical reconstruction of lat-eral ankle ligaments,the ligaments can restore the stability of the ankle, joint function recovered well, worthy of pro-motion apply.%目的:探讨带线锚钉在慢性踝关节外侧不稳治疗中的应用价值。方法选取2009年1月~2013年12月收治的慢性踝关节外侧不稳定患者11例,男7例,女4例;平均年龄(24.8±6.5)岁;均实施带线锚钉手术解剖重建外侧韧带,术后随访3~12个月,采用改良美国足踝骨科协会(AOFAS)足踝评分评价踝关节功能。结果改良AOFAS足踝评分优6例,良3例,可1例,差1例,优良率为81.82%。术后3个月改良AOFAS足踝评分均高于术前(P<0.05或P<0.01);术后距骨倾斜角度、距骨移位距离、踝关节内侧间隙均小于术前(P<0.01)。结论带线锚钉解剖重建踝关节外侧韧带能恢复韧带稳定性,踝关节功能恢复良好,值得临床推广适用。

  6. The Snapping Elbow Syndrome as a Reason for Chronic Elbow Neuralgia in a Tennis Player – MR, US and Sonoelastography Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łasecki, Mateusz; Olchowy, Cyprian; Pawluś, Aleksander; Zaleska-Dorobisz, Urszula

    2014-01-01

    sonoelastography studies describing golfers elbow syndrome, additional triceps band and ulnar neuritis. Our data suggest that the sonoelastography signs are similar to those seen in well described lateral epicondylitis syndrome, Achilles tendinitis and medial nerve neuralgia. PMID:25525475

  7. The Snapping Elbow Syndrome as a Reason for Chronic Elbow Neuralgia in a Tennis Player – MR, US and Sonoelastography Evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    , additional triceps band and ulnar neuritis. Our data suggest that the sonoelastography signs are similar to those seen in well described lateral epicondylitis syndrome, Achilles tendinitis and medial nerve neuralgia

  8. Creativity in later life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, K A; Tinker, A M

    2014-08-01

    The ageing population presents significant challenges for the provision of social and health services. Strategies are needed to enable older people to cope within a society ill prepared for the impacts of these demographic changes. The ability to be creative may be one such strategy. This review outlines the relevant literature and examines current public health policy related to creativity in old age with the aim of highlighting some important issues. As well as looking at the benefits and negative aspects of creative activity in later life they are considered in the context of the theory of "successful ageing". Creative activity plays an important role in the lives of older people promoting social interaction, providing cognitive stimulation and giving a sense of self-worth. Furthermore, it is shown to be useful as a tool in the multi-disciplinary treatment of health problems common in later life such as depression and dementia. There are a number of initiatives to encourage older people to participate in creative activities such as arts-based projects which may range from visual arts to dance to music to intergenerational initiatives. However, participation shows geographical variation and often the responsibility of provision falls to voluntary organisations. Overall, the literature presented suggests that creative activity could be a useful tool for individuals and society. However, further research is needed to establish the key factors which contribute to patterns of improved health and well-being, as well as to explore ways to improve access to services. PMID:24974278

  9. Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawar, Abhijit; Hughes, Alexander; Girardi, Federico; Sama, Andrew; Lebl, Darren; Cammisa, Frank

    2015-12-01

    The lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a relatively new technique that allows the surgeon to access the intervertebral space from a direct lateral approach either anterior to or through the psoas muscle. This approach provides an alternative to anterior lumbar interbody fusion with instrumentation, posterior lumbar interbody fusion, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for anterior column support. LLIF is minimally invasive, safe, better structural support from the apophyseal ring, potential for coronal plane deformity correction, and indirect decompression, which have has made this technique popular. LLIF is currently being utilized for a variety of pathologies including but not limited to adult de novo lumbar scoliosis, central and foraminal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and adjacent segment degeneration. Although early clinical outcomes have been good, the potential for significant neurological and vascular vertebral endplate complications exists. Nevertheless, LLIF is a promising technique with the potential to more effectively treat complex adult de novo scoliosis and achieve predictable fusion while avoiding the complications of traditional anterior surgery and posterior interbody techniques. PMID:26713134

  10. Experience with extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furia, John P.

    2005-04-01

    The purpose of this presentation is to summarize the literature and to report on single treatment, high-energy ESWT for the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis and lateral epicondylitis. Fifty-three patients (60 heels) were treated with 3800 shock waves. Sixteen patients (19 heels) were active, 21 (22 heels), were moderately active, and 16 (19 heels) were sedentary. Twelve weeks post treatment, mean visual analog scores (VAS) for the entire group improved from 9.2 to 2.4 (pplantar fasciitis and lateral epicondylitis.

  11. 放血疗法治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎15例%Treating 15 cases of refractory external humeral epicondylitis with blood-letting therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文娟

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of blood-letting therapy on refractory external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:15 patients were given routine treatment and blood-letting therapy as well. Results:9 cases were cured, occupying 60%, 5 cases were significantly effective, occupying 33% and 1 case was effective, occupying 7%, with the total effective rate 100%. Conclusion:Blood-letting therapy was significantly effective on refractory external humeral epicondylitis.%  目的:探讨放血疗法对顽固性肱骨外上髁炎的治疗效果。方法:15例患者在基础治疗的基础上,给予放血疗法。结果:9例痊愈,占60%;5例显效,占33%;1例有效,占7%。结论:放血疗法是治疗顽固性肱骨外上髁炎比较理想的方法。

  12. 针刀结合封闭治疗复发性肱骨外上髁炎疗效观察%Efficacy observation on treating radiohumeral epicondylitis by needle knife therapy combined with local blocking treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷松

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of local blocking on treating recrudescent radiohumeral epicondylitis. Methods: To treated the ache place by needle knife and inject with Lidocaine and Prednisolone. Results: 63 cases were cured, with the curative rate 82.9%, 10 cases were improved, with the effective rate 13.2%, and 3 cases were ineffective, with the total effective rate 96.1%. Conclusion:Needle knife therapy combined with local blocking achieved notable effect on radiohumeral epicondylitis.%  肱骨外上髁炎,以肘关节外侧疼痛,用力握拳,提重物及前臂作旋前伸肘动作时加重,局部有多处压痛。临床多采用局部封闭、口服非甾体类抗炎药、针灸或物理治疗,短期疗效尚可,但易复发,且对于复发性肱骨外上髁炎疗效甚微。笔者观察针刀结合局部封闭方法治疗易复发的肱骨外上髁炎76例,疗效较为满意,现报道如下。

  13. Clinical Observation of Massage and Herbal Packets Treating External Humerus Epicondylitis%按摩配合中药封包治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗卫泉; 杨兴杜

    2013-01-01

      目的:观察按摩配合中药封包治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效。方法:将90例患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,治疗组予按摩加中药封包治疗,对照组予常规口服药物(非甾体抗炎药)加电脑中频治疗仪治疗。结果:治疗组总有效率100.0%,高于对照组的84.4%(P<0.05)。结论:按摩配合中药封包治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效显著。%Objective:To observe the curative effects of massage combined with herbal packets treating humerus epicondylitis. Methods:90 patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, treatment group was treated with massage and herbal packets, and control group re-ceived therapy of routine oral drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and computer intermediate frequency. Results:The total effective rate of treatment group was 100%, higher than that of control group by 84.4%(P<0.05). Conclusion:The curative effects of massage and herbal packets treating external humerus epicondylitis are significant.

  14. Long-term Effect of Wrist Extensor Energy on Humeral Epicondylitis%腕伸肌能量技术对肱骨外上髁炎疗效的远期观察①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of wrist extensor energy on humeral epicondylitis. Methods 48 humeral epicondylitis pa-tients were divided into muscular energy group and block therapy group with 24 cases in each group. The muscular energy group was treat-ed with muscle energy technique, and the other group received block therapy. They were assessed with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and muscle strength. They were followed up 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after discharge. Results The score of VAS was lower in the block therapy group than in the muscular energy group (P0.05);6 months after discharge, the muscular energy group (75.0%) was better than the block therapy group (46.1%) (P0.05);6个月随访,肌肉能量组(75.0%)与封闭治疗组(46.1%)有显著性差异(P<0.01);1年随访,肌肉能量组(54.2%)与封闭治疗组(16.7%)有显著性差异(P<0.01)。结论封闭治疗对肱骨外上髁炎短期阵痛疗效较肌肉能量技术好,但肌肉能量技术对于长期疗效维持好于单纯的封闭治疗。

  15. Analysis of Therapeutic Effect of the Treatment of Cannulated Screws on Displaced Medial Humeral Epicondyle Fractures%空心螺钉治疗移位肱骨内上髁骨折的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仲伦; 谢德; 谭鸿; 高博

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect and clinic value of appplying cannulated screws on medial humeral epicon-dyle fractures. Methods From August 2005 to March 2012,15 consecutive patients(male 13,female 2;right elbow 11,left elbow 4;mean age 16 years;range 11 to 23 years) suffered from medial epicondylar fractures were treated with cannulated screws in open reduction and internal fixation(ORIF). All patients had medial humeral epicondyle fractures with displacement >1cm or had epi-condyle fractures accompanying elbow dislocations and with entrapment of the fragments in the elbow joint after manipulative reduc-tion of elbow dislocation. Of the 15 patients, 7 complicated with elbow dislocation and 1 had ulnar nerve disfunction syndrome. The duration time between the injury and operation ranged from 3 to 6 days. All the patients were followed up and evaluated. The outcome was evaluated by bone union and elbow function. Results All cases were followed up for 13-24 months with an average of 15 months. All the incisions were healed primarily and there were neither failures of the implantation divices nor early physeal growth cessations. All patients had union of the medial epicondyle with the mean healing time of 10 weeks and there were no avas-cular necroses ( AVN) of bone. According to Mayo Elbow Performance Score ( MEPS) for the function of elbow joint, among these 14 cases was excellent, 1 was good. Conclusion ORIF with cannulated screws is an ideal surgical method for treatment of medial humeral epicondyle fractures with larger than 1cm of displacement or with fragment being entrapped in the joint.%目的 探讨空心螺钉治疗肱骨内上髁骨折的临床疗效及应用价值. 方法 回顾性分析我院收治的采用空心螺钉治疗的15例肱骨内上髁骨折患者资料. 所有患者均骨折块移位大于1cm或伴有肘关节脱位并且复位后骨折块嵌顿在关节间隙中,即Ⅱ度~Ⅳ度肱骨内上髁骨折. 其中男13例,女2例;右侧11

  16. Vitiligo Lateral Lower Lip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahoo Antaryami

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitiligo characteristically affecting the lateral lower lip (LLL is a common presentation in South Orissa. This type of lesion has rarely been described in literature. One hundred eighteen such cases were studied during the period from October 1999 to September, 2000. LLL vitiligo constituted 16.39% of all vitiligo patients. Both sexes were affected equally. The peak age of onset was in the 2nd decade, mean duration of illness 21.46 months. Fifty six patients had unilateral lesion (38 on the left and 18 on the right. Among the 62 patients having bilateral lesions, the onset was more frequent on the left (38 than either the right (8 or both sides together (16. All the patients were right handed. Association with local factors like infection, trauma, cheilitis, FDE etc were associated in 38.98% of cases, but systemic or autoimmune diseases were not associated. Positive family history was found in 22% of cases.

  17. Lateral conduction infrared photodetector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jin K.; Carroll, Malcolm S.

    2011-09-20

    A photodetector for detecting infrared light in a wavelength range of 3-25 .mu.m is disclosed. The photodetector has a mesa structure formed from semiconductor layers which include a type-II superlattice formed of alternating layers of InAs and In.sub.xGa.sub.1-xSb with 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.0.5. Impurity doped regions are formed on sidewalls of the mesa structure to provide for a lateral conduction of photo-generated carriers which can provide an increased carrier mobility and a reduced surface recombination. An optional bias electrode can be used in the photodetector to control and vary a cut-off wavelength or a depletion width therein. The photodetector can be formed as a single-color or multi-color device, and can also be used to form a focal plane array which is compatible with conventional read-out integrated circuits.

  18. Laterality and language experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Rachel; Vaid, Jyotsna

    2006-09-01

    A meta-analysis was conducted on studies that examined hemispheric functional asymmetry for language in brain-intact monolingual and bilingual adults. Data from 23 laterality studies that directly compared bilingual and monolingual speakers on the same language were analysed (n = 1234). Variables examined were language experience (monolingual, bilingual), experimental paradigm (dichotic listening, visual hemifield presentation, and dual task) and, among bilinguals, the influence of second language proficiency (proficient vs nonproficient) and onset of bilingualism (early, or before age 6; and late, or after age 6). Overall, monolinguals and late bilinguals showed reliable left hemisphere dominance, while early bilinguals showed reliable bilateral hemispheric involvement. Within bilinguals, there was no reliable effect of language proficiency when age of L2 acquisition was controlled. The findings indicate that early learning of one vs. two languages predicts divergent patterns of cerebral language lateralisation in adulthood. PMID:16882556

  19. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for spine surgery called XLIF, extreme lateral interbody fusion. Dr. Juan Uribe will perform the procedure. Dr. ... A better term would be extreme lateral interbody fusion. This is a procedure that has been performed ...

  20. [Chronic inflammatory bowel diseases in cats].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghermai, A K

    1989-01-01

    The aetiology of chronic idiopathic intestinal inflammation is unknown. It is characterized by a diffuse infiltration with inflammatory cells into the intestinal mucosa and sometimes submucosa. Cats with chronic intermittent vomiting and diarrhoea, later on accompanied by anorexia and weight loss, are presented. Definitive diagnosis can be obtained by intestinal biopsy only. An immune pathogenesis is suspected, which is supported by the fact, that chronic inflammatory bowel disease responds to steroid therapy.

  1. 2种糊剂对慢性根尖炎患牙侧副根管封闭性的效果比较%Comparative effects of two root canal sealers on lateral accessory canals obturation of teeth with chronic periapical periodontitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周颖蕊; 王津惠; 李歆

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the short-term clinical effect of two root canal sealers on lateral accessory canals obturation of teeth with chronic periapical periodontitis. Method A total of 54 teeth with periapical periodontitis and lateral accessory canals were randomly divided into two groups of 27 teeth:AH-plus group and Septodont group. After coronal cavity preparation , debridement and root canal preparation by step-back technique, the root canals were filled using continuous-wave condensation technique with AH-plus paste (AH-plus group) and Endomethasone ivory (Septodont group). The percentage of lateral accessory canals fillings, the success rate of root canal treatment and infection control after 1 year were compared between the two groups. Result The percentage of lateral accessory canals fillings of AH-plus group and Septodont group was respectively 62.96%and 37.04%, and there was significant difference between them(P<0.05). The success rate of root canal treatment and infection control of AH-plus group and Septodont group were respectively 88.89%vs 66.67%, and 96.30%vs 74.07%, and there were significant differences between them(P<0.05). Conclusion AH-plus paste was proved to have better sealing effects than Endomethasone ivory.%目的:观察2种根管充填糊剂充填慢性根尖炎侧副根管的治疗效果。方法:选择术后X线片显示有侧副根管的慢性根尖炎病例54例,随机分为AH-plus组和赛普敦组,每组27例。开髓、揭顶、去除牙本质肩领,应用逐步后退法进行根管预备,氢氧化钙糊剂根管封药消毒,分别选用AH-plus糊剂和赛普敦(SEPTODONT)美松根管充填糊剂,热牙胶连续波垂直加压充填技术进行根管充填。比较根尖1/3侧副根管充填率、治疗一年后根管治疗成功率和感染控制率。结果:AH-plus组根尖1/3侧副根管充填率为62.96%,根管治疗成功率为88.89%,感染控制率为96.30%,分别高于赛普敦组的37.04%、66

  2. [Chronicity, chronicization, systematization of delusions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trapet, P; Fernandez, C; Galtier, M C; Gisselmann, A

    1984-05-01

    Chronicity in psychopathology is indicative of a term, a decay. Chronicization only leads the way to this term. Here, chronicization is taken literally as an inscription in the time course of delusions. The mechanism of systematization seems to be a central mark in the approach to chronic delusions. It is not an alienation or an irreversible closing but an attempted accommodation with reality in the life of psychotic subjects, irrespective of the delusional structure. The role of therapy and drug treatment as a follow-up may in that case assume another meaning.

  3. Chronic aseptic meningitis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancman, M E; Mesropian, H; Granillo, R J

    1989-08-01

    Chronic aseptic meningitis is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. It may occur early in the course of the disease and sometimes may be the initial symptom. We report a patient with chronic aseptic meningitis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. Magnetic resonance imaging showed several ischemic lesions and an appearance which was compatible with chronic inflammation of the ependyma of the lateral ventricles.

  4. 弹拨过伸手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎临床研究%Clinical Research in Plucking Hyperextension Manipulations Treating External Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邝仰东; 张喜

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of plucking hyperextension manipulations treating external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:36 cases of external humeral epicondylitis were randomly divided into observation group and control group with each of 18 cases, observation group was treat-ed with plucking hyperextension manipulations, control group with traditional method, the effect and VAS integral of two groups were compared. Re-sults:The total effective rate of treatment group was 93.3%, significantly higher than that of control group by 78%(P<0.05);VAS integral of treat-ment group after treatment of 7 days was significantly better than that of control group and that before treatment (P<0.01);VAS integral of control group after treatment of 14 days was significantly better than that after treatment of 7 days (P<0.05), but VAS integral of treatment group was better than that of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Effect of plucking hyperextension manipulations treating external humeral epicondylitis is signifi-cant, which can obviously reduce the pain degree of patients.%目的:探讨弹拨过伸手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的效果。方法:36例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为观察组与对照组各18例,观察组采用弹拨过伸手法治疗,对照组采用传统手法,比较两组疗效及VAS积分。结果:治疗组总有效率为93.3%,显著高于对照组的78.0%(P<0.05);治疗7天后治疗组VAS积分显著优于治疗前及对照组(P<0.01);治疗14天对照组VAS积分显著优于治疗7天后(P<0.05),但治疗组VAS积分明显优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:弹拨过伸手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎效果显著,能明显减轻患者疼痛程度。

  5. Cosmetic Lateral Canthoplasty: Preserving the Lateral Canthal Angle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kyu Ho; Choi, Hong Lim; Jeong, Eui Cheol

    2016-01-01

    Cosmetic lateral canthoplasty, in which the size of the eye is increased by extending the palpebral fissure and decreasing the degree of the eye slant, has become a prevalent procedure for East Asians. However, it is not uncommon for there to be complications or unfavorable results after the surgery. With this in mind, the authors have designed a surgical method to reduce complications in cosmetic lateral canthoplasty by preserving the lateral canthal angle. We discuss here the anatomy required for surgery, the surgical methods, and methods for reducing complications during cosmetic lateral canthoplasty.

  6. Cosmetic Lateral Canthoplasty: Preserving the Lateral Canthal Angle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yeon-Jun; Lee, Kyu Ho; Choi, Hong Lim; Jeong, Eui Cheol

    2016-07-01

    Cosmetic lateral canthoplasty, in which the size of the eye is increased by extending the palpebral fissure and decreasing the degree of the eye slant, has become a prevalent procedure for East Asians. However, it is not uncommon for there to be complications or unfavorable results after the surgery. With this in mind, the authors have designed a surgical method to reduce complications in cosmetic lateral canthoplasty by preserving the lateral canthal angle. We discuss here the anatomy required for surgery, the surgical methods, and methods for reducing complications during cosmetic lateral canthoplasty. PMID:27462563

  7. LATERAL SURVIVAL: AN OT ACCOUNT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Yip

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available When laterals are the targets of phonological processes, laterality may or may not survive. In a fixed feature geometry, [lateral] should be lost if its superordinate node is eliminated by either the spreading of a neighbouring node, or by coda neutralization. So if [lateral] is under Coronal (Blevins 1994, it should be lost under Place assimilation, and if [lateral] is under Sonorant Voicing (Rice & Avery 1991 it should be lost by rules that spread voicing. Yet in some languages lateral survives such spreading intact. Facts like these argue against a universal attachment of [lateral] under either Coronal or Sonorant Voicing, and in favour of an account in terms of markedness constraints on feature-co-occurrence (Padgett 2000. The core of an OT account is that IFIDENTLAT is ranked above whatever causes neutralization, such as SHARE-F or *CODAF. laterality will survive. If these rankings are reversed, we derive languages in which laterality is lost. The other significant factor is markedness. High-ranked feature co-occurrence constraints like *LATDORSAL can block spreading from affecting laterals at all.

  8. The effective analysis of closing part medicine combined with massage in treating lateral epicondylitis%局部药物封闭配合推拿治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张龙; 林强

    2011-01-01

    为了研究中医推拿手法配合药物治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效,通过对患者的资料进行分析,采用局部药物封闭配合推拿疗法用于肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效优于单用推拿疗法。

  9. Acupuncture and Chinese traditional manipulation treat the humerus lateral epicondyle ingluvitis 96 example%动态下推灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎96例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷建华; 孙国栋

    2006-01-01

    肱骨外上髁炎又称网球肘,肱桡滑囊炎,是一种影响前臂旋转和伸腕功能的慢性劳损性疾病。本组用动态下推灸法治疗96例,取得较好疗效,总结报告如下:

  10. Observation on effectiveness in treatment with combined of TCM External Therapy for humerus lateral epicondylitis%中医外治法综合治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范琰; 朱元培

    2005-01-01

    肱骨外上髁炎属中医痹症范畴。其病因多为患肘部持续单一劳作过度,持续用力不当,腕部作频繁,持久的背伸和旋转运动,使前臂伸肌联合腱附着处造成显微撕裂、渗出、血肿和无菌性炎症反应。日久与周围组织粘连,形成纤维化和疤痕组织。

  11. Application of Gukang Gold Far-Infrared Magnetic Therapeutic Paste to Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis%金骨康远红外磁疗贴治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈忠德; 何生华; 郝永林

    2009-01-01

    目的:金骨康远红外磁疗贴治疗肱骨外上髁是的临床疗效方法:将64例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,治疗组和对照组各32例.治疗组采用金骨康远红外磁疗贴治疗,对照组采用布洛芬缓释胶囊治疗,对治疗1、2个疗程后的疗效进行统计学分析.结果:治疗组经2个疗程治疗后肘部好转率明显高于对照组(P

  12. Fire Needling combined with Warm Needling Moxibustion in the Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis for 34 Cases%火针结合温针灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎34例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青容

    2016-01-01

    目的 观察火针结合温针灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法 将68例患者按随机数字表法随机分为观察组34例和对照组34例两组选穴、留针时间、疗程相同,观察组行火针结合温针灸治疗,对照组单纯行针刺治疗.结果 治疗后两组疗效比较,总有效率有明显差异(P<0 05),观察组优于对照组.结论 火针结合温针灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效满意,值得进一步研究和推广.

  13. Lateral subtalar dislocation: Case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veltman, Ewout S; Steller, Ernst Ja; Wittich, Philippe; Keizer, Jort

    2016-09-18

    A case of complicated lateral subtalar dislocation is presented and the literature concerning this injury is reviewed. Subtalar joint dislocations are rare and often the result of a high-energy trauma. Complications include avascular necrosis of the talus, infection, posttraumatic osteoarthritis requiring arthrodesis and chronic subtalar instability. Negative prognostic factors include lateral and complicated dislocations, total talar extrusions, and associated fractures. A literature search was performed to identify studies describing outcome after lateral subtalar joint dislocation. Eight studies including fifty patients could be included, thirty out of 50 patients suffered a complicated injury. Mean follow-up was fifty-five months. Ankle function was reported as good in all patients with closed lateral subtalar dislocation. Thirteen out of thirty patients with complicated lateral subtalar joint dislocation developed a complication. Avascular necrosis was present in nine patients with complicated injury. Four patients with complicated lateral subtalar dislocation suffered deep infection requiring treatment with antibiotics. In case of uncomplicated lateral subtalar joint dislocation, excellent functional outcome after closed reduction and immobilization can be expected. In case of complicated lateral subtalar joint dislocation immediate reduction, wound debridement and if necessary (external) stabilisation are critical. Up to fifty percent of patients suffering complicated injury are at risk of developing complications such as avascular talar necrosis and infection. PMID:27672576

  14. Chronic cholecystitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... foods may relieve symptoms in people. However, the benefit of a low-fat diet has not been proven. Alternative Names Cholecystitis - chronic Images Cholecystitis, CT scan Cholecystitis, cholangiogram Cholecystolithiasis Gallstones, cholangiogram Cholecystogram References Wang ...

  15. Chronic Meningitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... School Lunch Lines FDA Cracks Down on Antibacterial Soaps Health Tip: Schedule a Back-to-School Dental ... the Professional Version Meningitis Introduction to Meningitis Acute Bacterial Meningitis Viral Meningitis Noninfectious Meningitis Recurrent Meningitis Chronic ...

  16. Observe the clinical effect of two different treatment methods for external humeral epicondylitis%观察两种不同治法对肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡万德

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨局部封闭配合推拿手法与单纯局部封闭治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床效果。方法:将106例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分成对照组和治疗组,对照组采用单纯局部封闭法治疗,治疗组采用局部封闭配合推拿手法治疗,比较两组的疗效。结果:治疗组有效率94.34%,明显高于对照组的71.70%(P<0.05)。结论:局部封闭配合推拿手法疗效明显优于单纯局部封闭治疗。%Objective:To explore the clinical effect of partial closure combined with massage and simple partial closure treatment for external humeral epicondylitis.Methods:106 patients with external humeral epicondylitis were randomly divided into the control group and the treatment group,the control group was treated with simple partial closure,the treatment group was treated with partial closure combined with massage,we compared the efficacy of the two groups.Results:In the treatment group,the effective rate of 94.34% was significantly higher than 71.70% of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:The clinical effect of partial closure combined with massage was better than simple partial closure.

  17. Research on Humeral Epicondylitis of Massage and Rehabilitation of Resistance Exercise%肱骨外上髁炎的推拿与抗阻运动康复研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香仙; 朱国萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the humeral epicondylitis in primary and secondary diagnosis and differential diagnosis,use manipulation and resistance exercise treatment of humeral epicondylitis,find the best practices and exercise rehabilitation methods.Method%目的:探讨肱骨外上髁炎原发性与继发性的诊断与鉴别诊断,运用推拿手法与抗阻运动治疗肱骨外上髁炎,寻找最佳手法与运动康复方法。方法:肱骨外上髁炎患者22例,为期3 d一次共10次的推拿手法治疗。2 d一次共25次抗阻运动康复训练。分别在实验结束和结束后的3个月时统计治疗结果。结果:22例肱骨外上髁炎患者,有原发性肱骨外上髁炎4例、继发性6例、继发并原发性12例。实验结束时,痊愈15例占68.18%、显效4例占18.18%、有效3例占13.63%、mills征检查21人阴性占95.45%。3个月时,痊愈17例占

  18. Clinical Observation on Surgery for 50 Patients with Facture of Medial Epicondyle of Humerus%肱骨内上髁骨折手术治疗50例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永宏

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the techniques and clinical effects of the surgery for the facture of medial epicondyle of humerus. Method: All 50 patients were cut from the inside of the elbow and received internal fixation with draw point or screw. Result: All the patients were followed up, the patients' affected arms were recovered very well and no one was complicated with bone non-union, myositis ossificans, wound infection and the symptoms of cubital nerve, there were two patients with poor flexion-extension function since the children feared the pain and exercised late. Conclusion: If the patients are proved with fracture of medial epicondyle of humerus clearly, especially the ones with positive results in valgus stress test, they should receive open reduction surgery.%目的:探讨肱骨内上髁骨折手术治疗技巧和疗效.方法:50例肱骨内上髁骨折患者均选择肘内侧切口,切开复位钢针或螺钉内固定术.结果:本组50例患者随访复查,患肢功能恢复良好,无1例发生骨不连,骨化性肌炎,针眼感染及尺神经症状.2例因怕疼痛活动较迟,致屈伸功能欠佳.结论:肱骨内上髁骨折如诊断明确,特别是外翻应力试验阳性者,宜切开复位手术治疗.

  19. Clinical Observation on Acupotomy Combined with Traumatic Injury Plaster Treating External Humeral Epicondylitis%小针刀配合跌打损伤膏外敷治疗肱骨外上髁炎临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭敏杰; 谭春娣; 薛萍玉; 李资文; 简永旺

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe the curative effects of acupotomy combined with traumatic injury plaster treating external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:104 patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, treatment group was treated with acupotomy combined with traumatic injury plaster, while control group received block therapy of local pain point, the clinical efficacy was compared between two groups. Re-sults:The total effective rate of treatment group was higher than that of the control group, with follow-up of 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 years (P<0.05). Conclusion:Acupotomy combined with traumatic injury plaster treating external humeral epicondylitis is superior to block therapy of local pain spot, which is a kind of therapy effective, safe and minimally invasive.%  目的:观察小针刀配合跌打损伤膏外敷治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效。方法:将104例患者随机分为对照组和治疗组,治疗组予小针刀配合跌打损伤膏外敷治疗,对照组予局部痛点封闭治疗,比较两组临床疗效。结果:随访1个月、3个月、6个月、1年,治疗组的总有效率均高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:小针刀配合跌打损伤膏外敷治疗肱骨外上髁炎明显优于局部痛点封闭治疗,是一种有效、安全的微创治疗方法。

  20. A rare cause of lateral facial swelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanty, Sujata; Gulati, Ujjwal; Vandana; Singh, Sapna

    2014-01-01

    A case of chronic, recurrent and asymptomatic facial swelling in a young male is presented. Swelling extended from lower midface to upper lateral neck and right commissure to anterior massetric border. History, clinical signs and symptoms and examination pointed towards the benign nature of the swelling. Fine-needle aspiration cytology tapered the diagnostic possibilities to a salivary cyst or pseudocyst. Ultrasonography identified the lesion to contain echogenic fluid with irregular borders. "Tail sign" was absent on contrast magnetic resonance imaging, excluding the involvement of the sublingual gland. Surgical excision of the lesion was done along with submandibular gland as both were in continuity via a bottle-neck tract. Final histopathological diagnosis was that of the submandibular gland extravasation phenomenon. As per the best of our knowledge, it is the first case report of a submandibular gland extravasation causing swelling in a retrograde direction onto the face. PMID:25593883

  1. Fracture of the lateral process of the talus: appearance at MR imaging and clinical significance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case of a 59-year-old man with chronic lateral ankle pain following an inversion injury is presented. MR imaging performed to evaluate for soft tissue injury revealed an unsuspected fracture of the lateral process of the talus. The patient underwent surgical exploration of the fracture with debridement of adjacent loose bodies and is currently undergoing aggressive physical rehabilitation. (orig.)

  2. A Pascalian lateral drift sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, H.

    2016-09-01

    A novel concept of a layer-wise produced semiconductor sensor for precise particle tracking is proposed herein. In contrast to common semiconductor sensors, local regions with increased doping concentration deep in the bulk termed charge guides increase the lateral drift of free charges on their way to the read-out electrode. This lateral drift enables charge sharing independent of the incident position of the traversing particle. With a regular grid of charge guides the lateral charge distribution resembles a normalised Pascal's triangle for particles that are stopped in depths lower than the depth of the first layer of the charge guides. For minimum ionising particles a sum of binomial distributions describes the lateral charge distribution. This concept decouples the achievable sensor resolution from the pitch size as the characteristic length is replaced by the lateral distance of the charge guides.

  3. Lateral Orbital Wall Destruction Due to Pilonidal Sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadağ, Emine Çiğdem; Toy, Hatice; Tosun, Zekeriya

    2016-07-01

    Pilonidal sinus is a chronic inflammatory disease commonly observed in the sacrococcygeal region. The authors report a patient of a pilonidal sinus in a rare location-the lateral orbital region. The authors' patient was misdiagnosed with an epidermal cyst, and the subsequent incomplete excision of the sinus tract led a pilonidal sinus with a high morbidity resulting in the destruction of bone tissue in the lateral orbital wall. It was, therefore, crucial to accurately diagnose and treat before the infection progressed through the bone and caused osteomyelitis. PMID:27391513

  4. 小针刀加穴位注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎88例临床观察%Clinical Observation of 88 Cases about Treating External Humeral Epicondylitis by Point Injection with a Needle Knife

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金晓平

    2012-01-01

    [目的]观察小针刀加曲安奈德穴位注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎的效果.[方法]小针刀加曲安奈德穴位注射对88例门诊肱骨外上髁炎患者进行治疗.[结果]痊愈54.54%,显效34.1%,好转11.36%,总有效率99.73%.[结论1针药结合的方法对肱骨外上髁炎周围软组织损伤小、疼痛较轻.真正体现中医传统治疗的特色,尤其适用于基层.%[Objective] To observe the effect of treating external humeral epicondylitis by tnamcinolone acetonide point injection with a needle knife. [Method] To treat 88 outpatients for external humeral epicondylitis by tnamcinolone acetonide point injection with a needle knife. [Result] The recovery rate was 54.54%, significant effects 34.1%, improvement 11.36%, and total effective rate 99.73%. [Conclusion] The method of combining needles and medicine does little harm to the soft tissues around external humeral epicondylitis as well as alleviates pain. It reflects the characteristics of the Chinese traditional treatment, especially suitable for the basic level.

  5. Lateral Asymmetries in Human Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    John L. Bradshaw; Nettleton, Norman C.

    1989-01-01

    Lateral asymmetries are not confined to humans. Palaeozoic trilobites and calcichordates are now known to have been asymmetrical; song control in passerines is vested in the left cerebral hemisphere; learning which is lateralized to the left forebrain of chicks includes imprinting, visual discrimination learning and auditory habituation, while responses to novelty, attack and copulation are activated by the right; in rats the right hemisphere is involved in emotional behavior and spatial disc...

  6. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    Science.gov (United States)

    CML; Chronic myeloid leukemia; Chronic granulocytic leukemia; Leukemia - chronic granulocytic ... nuclear disaster. It takes many years to develop leukemia from radiation exposure. Most people treated for cancer ...

  7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... airways disease; Chronic obstructive lung disease; Chronic bronchitis; Emphysema; Bronchitis - chronic ... a protein called alpha-1 antitrypsin can develop emphysema. Other risk factors for COPD are: Exposure to ...

  8. Diclofenac Patch for Treatment of Mild to Moderate Tendonitis or Bursitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-05

    Rotator Cuff Tendonitis; Bicipital Tendonitis; Subdeltoid Bursitis of the Shoulder; Subacromial Bursitis of the Shoulder; Medial Epicondylitis of the Elbow; Lateral Epicondylitis of the Elbow; DeQuervain's Tenosynovitis of the Wrist

  9. Chronic pain - resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pain - resources; Resources - chronic pain ... The following organizations are good resources for information on chronic pain: American Chronic Pain Association -- www.theacpa.org National Fibromyalgia and Chronic Pain Association -- www.fmcpaware.org ...

  10. Low back pain - chronic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonspecific back pain; Backache - chronic; Lumbar pain - chronic; Pain - back - chronic; Chronic back pain - low ... Low back pain is common. Almost everyone has back pain at some time in their life. Often, the exact cause ...

  11. Chronic motor tic disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronic vocal tic disorder; Tic - chronic motor tic disorder ... Chronic motor tic disorder is more common than Tourette syndrome . Chronic tics may be forms of Tourette syndrome. Tics usually start ...

  12. Chronic Pelvic Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Events Advocacy For Patients About ACOG Chronic Pelvic Pain Home For Patients Search FAQs Chronic Pelvic Pain ... Pain FAQ099, August 2011 PDF Format Chronic Pelvic Pain Gynecologic Problems What is chronic pelvic pain? What ...

  13. Employees with Chronic Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home | Accommodation and Compliance Series: Employees with Chronic Pain By Beth Loy, Ph.D. Preface Introduction Information ... at http://AskJAN.org/soar. Information about Chronic Pain How prevalent is chronic pain? Chronic pain has ...

  14. Clinical research on treatment of external humeral epicondylitis by indomethacin cataplasm%吲哚美辛巴布膏治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德忠

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the curative effect and safety of indomethacin cataplasm in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods Seventy eight patients with external humeral epicondylitis were randomly divided into 2 groups with 39 ones in each group. Experiment group were treated by local application of indomethacin cataplasm once a day for consecutive 8 days. Control group orally took 75 mg diclofenac sodium once a day for consecutive 8 days. Comparison was made in the pain degree, the onset time for pain release,the comprehensive improvement degree of clinical pain,drug side effects,and patients'satisfactory rate before and after the treatment between the two groups. Results Thirty eight patients in each group finished the study. The onset of analgesia in the experiment group was quicker than that in the control group( 79.4 ±26.7 )min vs( 94. 5 ±38.3 )min( P 0.05 ),but in the experiment group the side effects occurred locally, and in the control group those occurred generally. The satisfactory rate of the patients in the experiment group was higher than that in the control group( 65. 8% vs 39. 5% ,P <0. 05 ). Conclusion Indomethacin cataplasm is an excellent choice for the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis with good efficacy,low incidence of side effects,and high satisfactory rate of patients.%目的 观察吲哚美辛巴布膏对肱骨外上髁炎的疗效及安全性.方法 78例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分成2组,每组39例.试验组采用吲哚美辛巴布膏局部外贴治疗,1次/d,持续8 d;对照组口服双氯芬酸钠75 mg,1次/d,持续8 d.比较两组治疗前后的疼痛程度、疼痛缓解起效时间、临床疼痛综合改善度、药物副作用以及患者的满意度.结果 每组各38例患者完成观察.试验组起效快于对照组(79.4±26.7)min vs(94.5±38.3)min(P<0.05);试验组疼痛评分在治疗结束时(2.1±0.5 vs 2.3±0.7)及结束后2 w(2.0±0.4 vs 2.4±0.6)明显低于对照组(P<0.05);试验组

  15. Clinical efficacies of absorbable rod versus Kirschner wire for children humerus medial epicondyle frac-ture%可吸收棒治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兴贺; 王晓东; 郭志雄; 袁泉文

    2016-01-01

    目的:综合比较分析可吸收棒与克氏针治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折临床效果。方法选取2011年01月至2013年12月本院收治并有完善临床资料的儿童肱骨内上髁骨折患儿46例,其中29例(A 组)采用切开复位克氏针内固定治疗,17例(B 组)采用切开复位可吸收棒内固定治疗。所有患儿均获得随访,平均12个月。根据 Hardacre 标准判断两种术式的临床疗效,并比较手术用时、住院费用及住院时间,综合分析两种手术方式的临床疗效。结果术后12个月,A 组:优22例(75.86%)、良7例、差0例;B 组:优15例(88.24%)、良2例、差0例。两组差异无统计学意义(P <0.05),两组患儿均未见迟发性尺神经炎、关节僵硬、骨化性肌炎、骨折不愈合。结论切开复位可吸收棒内固定治疗小儿肱骨内上髁骨折较克氏针固定方法,均可取得较满意的临床疗效,从手术时间、住院费用等方面来比较,两种术式亦无明显差异,但从住院时间上看,可吸收棒有着一定的术式优势。%Objetive To compare the clinical efficacies of absorbable rod versus Kirschner wire for chil-dren humerus medial epicondyle fracture.Methods From January 2011 to December 2013,46 children of hu-merus medial epicondyle fracture were selected for open reduction plus internal fixation with Kirschner wire (n=29,group A)and open reduction plus internal fixation with absorbable rod (n =17,group B).The average follow -up period was 12 months.Clinical efficacy was judged by the Hardacre criteria.And the complica-tions,hospitalization duration and medical expenditure were compared for two groups. Results The curative outcomes were excellent (n =22,75.86%),good (n =7)and poor (n =0)in group A and excellent (n =15,88.24%),good (n =2)and poor (n =0)in group B.None of them had a late onset of ulnar neuritis, stiff joints,myositis ossificans or fracture healing.Conclusions Open

  16. The Clinic Study on Analgecine in the Treatment of 39 Cases of External Humeral Epicondylitis%恩再适治疗肱骨外上踝炎39例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周子超; 游志坚; 石全

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of Analgecine on external humeral epicondylitis.Methods 78 patients suffered from external humeral epicondylitis were randomly divided into two groups ( n = 39 each): control group and test group.Control group were treated with Vitamin B1 200 mg + Mecobalamin 0.5 mg + Vitamin E 100 mg injection intravenously,once per day, 14 times as a course of treatment,and test group was given Analgecine 7.2 U injection intravenously,once per day, 14 times as a course of treatment.Results Visual analogue scale (VAS) were reduced in two groups significantly after 7 and 14 days ( P <0.05 or P < 0.01 ), VAS in test group were lower than those in control group( P < 0.05 or P < 0.01 );numb and hypaesthesia were attenuated after 7 and 14 days in two groups( P < 0.05 or P <0.01 ), but the therapeutic effects in test group were better than those in control group( P < 0.05 or P < 0.01 ).1 case with skin rash on 10th day in test group, disappeared after without treatment.Conclusion Analgecine was effective and safety in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis.%目的 观察恩再适治疗肱骨外上髁炎的治疗效果.方法 将78例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为对照组和实验组,对照组静脉滴注维生素B1 200 mg、甲钴胺0.5 mg、维生素E 100 mg,1次/d,持续14d.治疗组静脉滴注恩再适注射液7.2U,1次/d,持续14d.结果 治疗7d和14d,治疗组患者疼痛及压痛较对照组明显减轻(P<0.05 或P<0.01),治疗组有效率优于对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01);治疗7d和14d,两组患者麻木、感觉减退均有不同程度的好转,治疗组疗效优于对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01),治疗7d和14d,两组Mills 征阳性患者人数均有减少,但治疗组疗效优于对照组(P<0.05);治疗组1例患者治疗10d出现轻度皮疹,未行特殊处理,2d后皮疹自行消退.结论 恩再适治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效好,副作用低.

  17. Efficacy of medical ozone injection combined with acupotomy for the treatment of patients with external humeral epicondylitis%医用三氧联合针刀疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何天福; 韩长青

    2015-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of medical ozone injection combined with acupotomy for the treatment of patients with external humeral epicondylitis.Methods Seventy patients with external humeral epicondylitis were divided randomly into medical ozone combined with acupotomy group and lidocaine with dexamethasone palmitate painful point injection group,35 cases in each group.The efficacy was assessed at one month,three months and six months after treatment.Results The total effective rate had no statistical difference between the two groups at one month after treatment (P > 0.05).The total effective rate was 97.1% (34/35 cases) at three months and 97.1% (34/35 cases) at six months in medical ozone combined with acupotomy group after the treatment,while it was 88.6% (31/35 cases) and 77.1% (27/35 cases) in lidocaine with dexamethasone palmitate painful point injection group,which had significantly statistical difference between the two groups (P< 0.05).Conclusion Medical ozone injection combined with acupotomy is an effective method for the treatment of patients with external humeral epicondylitis.%目的 评价医用三氧联合针刀疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法 肱骨外上髁炎患者70例,随机分为2组,每组35例.针刀三氧组给予医用三氧联合针刀治疗;痛点注药组给予利多卡因与复方地塞米松棕榈酸脂的混合液痛点注射治疗.治疗后l,3,6个月时评定疗效.结果 治疗后1个月时两组总有效率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗后3个月时总有效率针刀三氧组97.1%(34/35例)高于痛点注药组88.6%(30/35例),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗后6个月时总有效率针刀三氧组97.1%(34/35例)高于痛点注药组77.1%(27/35例),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗后在1、3、6个月时同组疗效比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 医用三氧联合针刀用于肱骨外上髁炎治疗,疗效优于痛点注药,且稳定.

  18. Chronic coughing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic coughing was acknowledged to result from pathological state of the respiratory organs. Cardiac diseases could be accompanied by coughing as well. It was recommended to perform x-ray examinations, including biomedical radiography of the chest, computerized tomography, scintiscanning with 67Ga-citrate, bronchi examination in order to exclude heart disease. The complex examination permitted to detect localization and type of the changes in the lungs and mediastinum, to distinguish benign tumor from malignant one

  19. The Clinical Curative Observation of Renzhen Therapy for the Treatment of Humeral Epicondylitis%刃针治疗肱骨外上髁炎临床疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕军; 蒋素英; 胡赟; 孟江; 文秀清; 黄金良; 郑波

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨刃针结合手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法:将60例患者随机分为刃针组和针刺组.刃针组采用在肱骨外上髁周边、软组织压痛及Mills试验疼痛处及沿桡侧伸腕长、短肌肌腱选取压痛点,多点、"十"字或"米"字切开,再手法治疗,每周1次,连做2次.针刺组采取阿是穴、曲池、手三里等针灸治疗7次一疗程.2个疗程后统计疗效.结果:刃针组治愈25例,针刺组治愈17例,两组治愈率经统计学处理差异有显著性意义(P<0.05).结论:刃针结合手法治疗肱骨外上髁炎,治愈率优于针刺治疗.%Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of Renzhen therapy for the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:60 patients were divided into acupuncture group and Renzhen group randomly. The Renzhen group uses epicondyle of the humerus with the surroundings. Select tender points of soft tissue pain and Mills experiment station and short tendon with some more points, then cut like a cross or M word , then use techniques. Take this method once a week, try twice. Acupuncture group takes the acupuncture therapy of ashi point , quchi , shousanli and treat the disease seven times as a course, make statistical data of treatment after two courses. Results: 25 patients were cured with Renzhen therapy, while 17 patients were cured with acupuncture . We can find significant difference of the curative rate between two groups (P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion :The curative rate of Renzhen therapy is better than that of acupuncture treatment.

  20. The Treatment of External Humeral Epicondylitis by Auricular Plaster Therapy Combined with Body Acupuncture%耳穴贴压结合体针治疗肱骨外上髁炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦宏; 夏秋芳; 东贵荣

    2011-01-01

    Objective;To observe therapeutic effect of auricular plaster therapy combined with body acupuncture on external humeral epicondylitis. Methods: Eighty cases were randomly divided into observation group ( n = 40) and control group (n =40). The observation group was treated with auricular plaster therapy combined with body acupuncture, and the control group was treated with body acupuncture to observe the curative effect of the two groups. Results .-The two groups have a significant difference in MEPS mark after treatment (P 0.05). Conclusion: The curative effect of external humeral epicondylitis by auricular plaster therapy combined with body acupuncture is much better than by body acupuncture , especially in acute phase.%目的:观察耳穴贴压结合体针治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效。方法:将80例肱骨外上髁炎的患者随机分为试验组和对照组各40例,试验组采用耳穴贴压结合体针治疗,对照组单纯采用体针治疗,观察两组治疗前后疗效。结果:两组患者的MEPS评分与治疗前相比均有显著性差异(P<0.01)。观察组优良率40.0%,对照组优良率15.0%,两组优良率比较差异均有显著意义(P<0.01),观察组疗效优于对照组。急性期患者中观察组优良率37.5%,对照组优良率15.0%,两组优良率比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。而观慢性期患者中观察组优良率2.5%,对照组优良率0%,两者比较无差异(P>0.05)。结论:采用耳穴贴压结合体针治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效优于单纯采用体针治疗,且急性期疗效优于慢性期。

  1. Clinical Observation on Rotative Extending Manipulation Combining Zhanjin Cream for 52 Cases of External Humeral Epicondylitis%旋牵过伸法配合展筋乳治疗肱骨外上髁炎52例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉龙; 王平; 刘爱峰; 张君涛; 张超; 李海

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To compare the clinical effects of rotative extending manipulation combing Zhanjin Cream and manipulation treatment alone for external humeral epicondylitis.Methods:A total of 101 cases were randomly divided into the treatment group (52 cases) and control group (49 cases).They were respectively given rotative extending manipulation with external application of Zhanjin cream or manipulation alone.After 20 times treatments,the clinical effects were evaluated.Results:The excellent and good rate of the clinical treatment of treatment group and control group were respectively 89.4% and 67.8%,with significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).Three months of follow-up showed that the excellent and good rate in the two groups was respectively 87.2% and 56.4% (P<0.01).Conclusion:The treatment of rotative extending manipulation combined with Zhanjin Cream was superior to manipulation treatment alone for external humeral epicondylitis in the clinical effect and follow-up good rate.%目的:观察并比较旋牵过伸法配合展筋乳与单纯旋牵过伸法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法:将101例患者随机分为治疗组52例与对照组49例,分别给予旋牵过伸法加展筋乳和单纯旋牵过伸法治疗,20次后观察、评价临床疗效.结果:治疗组和对照组的临床优良率分别为89.4%、67.8%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组治疗后3个月的随访优良率分别为87.2%、56.4%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:旋牵过伸法配合展筋乳的临床疗效与随访结果均优于旋牵过伸法治疗,对治疗肱骨外上髁炎有较好的临床效果.

  2. 病因干预措施在肱骨外上髁炎治疗中的作用%Effect of Etiology Interventions on Treatment of Humerus Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永韶; 庞祖才; 陈展鹏

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨病因干预措施在肱骨外上髁炎治疗中的作用。方法:将300例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为观察组(150例)和对照组(150例),并建立系统性病因调查表。观察组入院后即进行系统性病因调查,确定患者发病原因,根据不同病因进行相应的去除病因的健康教育,同时根据患者具体情况,选用适宜的治疗方法;对照组仅给予相应治疗。结果:观察组VAS评分及复发率均低于对照组(P<0.05),ADL评分及总有效率均高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:经去除病因干预后,患者的临床症状得到了明显改善,降低了复发率,减轻了患者的痛苦和经济负担。%To investigate the effect of etiology interventions on treatment of humerus epicondylitis. Methods:300 cases of patients with humeral epicondylitis were randomly divided into observation group (150 cases) and control group (150 cases), and the systematic investigation table about etiology was established. Systematic investigation on etiology was done in observation group to determine the main reason for the occurrence of the disease in patients, then according to different causes, health education was appropriated to remove the cause, but the appropriate method of treatment were chosen for patients according to the specific circumstances. And patients in control group were only given the appropriate treatment. Results:The VAS score and relapse rate were both lower than those of control group (P<0.05), the ADL score and total effective rate was higher than those of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:After interventions by removal of etiology, the clinical symptoms were improved significantly and the recurrence rate was reduced, which maybe reduce the suffering and economic burden on patients.

  3. [Treatment of chronic polyarthritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, D; Hasler, P; Tyndall, A

    1997-11-15

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease involving progressive destruction of multiple joints and, in the later stages, significant mortality. Worldwide, 1% of the population is afflicted. Despite new insights into the autoimmune mechanisms during the last decade a cure has not been found, although pain, disability and general suffering can be alleviated via several therapeutic approaches when carefully coordinated. Early use of immunosuppressive therapy with DMARDs (disease modifying antirheumatic drugs), while avoiding their side effects, is critical for disease control. Counselling within a good doctor-patient relationship, with the additional help of physiotherapy and ergotherapy, increases the patient's capacity to cope with the disease. Hand and joint surgery, skillfully performed, decreases pain and disability. Newer strategies of immunosuppression, while encouragingly effective, are only short term. These experimental agents are more expensive, they are associated with side effects and their future place in RA therapy has yet to be defined. PMID:9454312

  4. Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Procedure

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... This muscle is really important for us to work around, and we have to go through that ... levels to approach from the lateral approach. It works really well at L4/5, L3/4, L2/ ...

  5. Patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome: MR imaging in 42 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, C.B.; Skaf, A.; Campos, J.; Stump, X.; Resnick, D. [Dept. of Radiology, University of California, San Diego (United States); Roger, B. [Service de Radiologie Polyvalente, Groupe Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere, Paris (France)

    2001-12-01

    Objective: To demonstrate the MR imaging findings that occur between the posterior inferolateral patellar tendon and the lateral femoral condyle in patients with chronic anterior and or lateral knee pain. Patients and design: A retrospective review of the MR images in 42 patients who presented with chronic anterior or lateral knee pain was performed by two musculoskeletal radiologists. In 15 patients, post-contrast images were available. Results: Sagittal and axial imaging planes best demonstrated the patellar tendon and its relationship with the lateral femoral condyle. In 40 patients, there was obliteration of the fat planes and abnormal signal intensity in the lateral soft tissues of the inferior patellofemoral joint. Enhancement after administration of gadolinium was noted in all cases in which contrast was administered. Eighteen patients showed cystic changes in the soft tissues adjacent to the lateral femoral condyle in addition to fat plane obliteration. In two patients, only cystic changes were noted in the lateral soft tissues. Abnormal patellar alignment was noted in 37 patients. Patellar tendon pathology was seen in nine patients. Conclusion: In evaluating anterior knee symptoms, MR imaging allows identification of changes that may be related to patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome and that should be distinguished from other causes of anterior or lateral knee pain. (orig.)

  6. Chronic Insomnia

    OpenAIRE

    Buysse, Daniel J.

    2008-01-01

    Ms. F, a 42-year-old divorced woman, presents for evaluation of chronic insomnia. She complains of difficulty falling asleep, often 30 minutes or longer, and difficulty maintaining sleep during the night, with frequent awakenings that often last 30 minutes or longer. These symptoms occur nearly every night, with only one or two “good” nights per month. She typically goes to bed around 10:00 p.m. to give herself adequate time for sleep, and she gets out of bed around 7:00 a.m. on work days and...

  7. Preserving Dignity in Later Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    São José, José Manuel

    2016-09-01

    This article examines how elders who receive social care in the community experience loss of dignity and how they preserve their dignity. Qualitative research revealed that loss of dignity is a major concern for these elders and that they preserve their dignity differently, ranging from actively engaging with life to detaching themselves from life. We conclude that, in later life, preserving dignity while receiving social care differs from preserving dignity in the context of health care, especially health care provided in institutional settings. Furthermore, preserving dignity in later life, while receiving social care, is a complex process, depending not only on performing activities and individual action and responsibility, but also on other actions, some of them involving a certain inactivity/passivity, and interactions with others, especially caregivers. This article offers some insights to developing better policies and care practices for promoting dignity in the context of community-based social care. PMID:27456751

  8. Craving creativity in later life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Tine

    2013-01-01

    but it also raises questions as to what constitutes a ‘good’ and ‘active’ life in all societies. The conflicting aspect of the discursive battlefield on active ageing constitutes a fight for authority: Who has the ‘right’ to define the meaning of being ‘active’ and how can ‘activity’ be identified? ‘Active......’ is to be understood according to the interpretations available in different knowledge perspectives in order to discipline the future knowledge production of ageing and control the processes of subjectification in later life as the disciplining of ‘Population Ageing’: Becoming a subject to active ageing. Dominant...... discourses on ‘active ageing’ are challenged by the focus of museums and archives on using heritage and participatory arts as an arena to performAGE in later life by craving creativity as a notion of age and opportunity....

  9. BEHAVIOR OF LATERALLY LOADED PILE

    OpenAIRE

    Ashish Mehta; P.D.Pachpor

    2010-01-01

    A finite element analysis is done to predict the responses for single pile subjected to lateral load in layered soils, with consideration of pile soil interaction. Pile and soil are simulated by Solid-3D element. In the computational model, contact surfaces between pile and soil are created. The displacements are determined for pile soil system with linearly constants and linearly varying with depth cases is considered. The engineering properties for soil and pile are considered as variable f...

  10. BEHAVIOR OF LATERALLY LOADED PILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Mehta

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A finite element analysis is done to predict the responses for single pile subjected to lateral load in layered soils, with consideration of pile soil interaction. Pile and soil are simulated by Solid-3D element. In the computational model, contact surfaces between pile and soil are created. The displacements are determined for pile soil system with linearly constants and linearly varying with depth cases is considered. The engineering properties for soil and pile are considered as variable for analysis.

  11. Laterally Loaded Piles in Clay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Helle; Niewald, Gitte

    1992-01-01

    The ultimate lateral resistance of a pile element moved horizontally can be analyzed by the theory of plasticity. At a certain depth the movements around the pile are purely horizontal and upper bound solutions can be estimated theoretically under undrained circumstances. Model tests...... in the laboratory show ultimate resistances close to the estimated limits and p - y curves close to curves based on test results from full-scale piles. Rough and smooth piles with circular and square cross sections are investigated....

  12. Cerebral lateralization in simultaneous interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabbro, F; Gran, L; Basso, G; Bava, A

    1990-07-01

    Cerebral asymmetries for L1 (Italian), L2 (English), and L3 (French, German, Spanish, or Russian) were studied, by using a verbal-manual interference paradigm, in a group of Italian right-handed polyglot female students at the Scuola Superiore di Lingue Moderne per Interpreti e Traduttori (SSLM-School for Interpreters and Translators) of the University of Trieste and in a control group of right-handed monolingual female students at the Medical School of the University of Trieste. In an automatic speech production task no significant cerebral lateralization was found for the mother tongue (L1) either in the interpreting students or in the control group; the interpreting students were not significantly lateralized for the third language (L3), while weak left hemispheric lateralization was shown for L2. A significantly higher degree of verbal-manual interference was found for L1 than for L2 and L3. A significantly higher disruption rate occurred in the meaning-based mode of simultaneous interpretation (from L2 into L1 and vice versa) than in the word-for-word mode (from L2 into L1 and vice versa). No significant overall or hemispheric differences were found during simultaneous interpretation from L1 into L2 or from L2 into L1. PMID:2207622

  13. Chronic kidney disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidney failure - chronic; Renal failure - chronic; Chronic renal insufficiency; Chronic kidney failure; Chronic renal failure ... 2012_CKD_GL.pdf . McCullough PA. Interface between renal disease ... patients with kidney failure. N Engl J Med . 2010;362(14):1312- ...

  14. Molecular Profiling of the Lateral Habenula in a Rat Model of Depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Trine; Bouzinova, Elena; Wiborg, Ove

    2013-01-01

    habenula of rats subjected to chronic mild stress (mild stressors exchanged twice a day for 8 weeks). Some rats received antidepressant treatment during fifth to eights week of CMS. The lateral habenula gene expression profile was studied through the gene ontology and signal pathway analyses using......Objective. This study systematically investigated the effect of chronic mild stress and response to antidepressant treatment in the lateral habenula at the whole genome level. Methods. Rat whole genome expression chips (Affymetrix) were used to detect gene expression regulations in the lateral...... bioinformatics. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to verify the microarray results and determine the expression of the Fcrla, Eif3k, Sec3l1, Ubr5, Abca8a, Ankrd49, Cyp2j10, Frs3, Syn2, and Znf503 genes in the lateral habenula tissue. Results. In particular we found that stress...

  15. Fracture of the lateral process of the talus: appearance at MR imaging and clinical significance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanders, T.G.; Morrison, W.B. [Department of Radiology, Wilford Hall United States Air Force Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX (United States); Ptaszek, A.J. [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Foot and Ankle Service, Wilford Hall United States Air Force Medical Center, Lackland AFB, Texas (United States)

    1999-04-01

    The case of a 59-year-old man with chronic lateral ankle pain following an inversion injury is presented. MR imaging performed to evaluate for soft tissue injury revealed an unsuspected fracture of the lateral process of the talus. The patient underwent surgical exploration of the fracture with debridement of adjacent loose bodies and is currently undergoing aggressive physical rehabilitation. (orig.) With 3 figs., 21 refs.

  16. Strangulated ileostomy evisceration following lateralizing mesh repair of parastomal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramly, E P; Crosslin, T; Orkin, B; Popowich, D

    2016-04-01

    Parastomal hernia formation and ostomy prolapse are relatively common complications of intestinal ostomy construction. Underlay mesh placement with lateralization of the stoma limb appears to be the method of repair with the lowest recurrence rate. Prophylaxis of new stomas with mesh is advocated by many authors. We report the case of an 81-year-old man with chronic steroid-dependent COPD who presented to the emergency department with strangulated small bowel evisceration 9 days following completion abdominal colectomy, and creation of an end ileostomy reinforced with intraperitoneal mesh. This rare complication was related to this patient's risk factors for poor healing including poor nutrition, age, chronic COPD and coughing and steroid dependence with immunosuppression. PMID:24777430

  17. Gout Initially Mimicking Rheumatoid Arthritis and Later Cervical Spine Involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Araújo Santana Nunes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gout is clinically characterized by episodes of monoarthritis, but if not treated properly, it can lead to a chronic polyarthritis, which may eventually mimic rheumatoid arthritis (RA. We present the case of a 59-year-old man, with a history of symmetrical polyarthritis of the large and small joints with later development of subcutaneous nodules, which was initially misdiagnosed as RA, being treated with prednisone and methotrexate for a long period of time. He complained of occipital pain and paresthesia in his left upper limb, and computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI revealed the presence of an expansive formation in the cervical spine with compression of the medulla. He was admitted for spinal decompressive surgery and the biopsy specimen demonstrated a gouty tophus. Chronic gout can mimic RA and rarely involves the axial skeleton, and thus its correct diagnosis and the implementation of adequate therapy can halt the development of such damaging complications.

  18. Atypical Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... myeloproliferative neoplasms, leukemia , and other conditions . Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Key Points Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia is a disease ... chance of recovery) and treatment options. Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia is a disease in which too many myelocytes ...

  19. Direct lateral maneuvers in hawkmoths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy S. M. Greeter

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We used videography to investigate direct lateral maneuvers, i.e. ‘sideslips’, of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta. M. sexta sideslip by rolling their entire body and wings to reorient their net force vector. During sideslip they increase net aerodynamic force by flapping with greater amplitude, (in both wing elevation and sweep, allowing them to continue to support body weight while rolled. To execute the roll maneuver we observed in sideslips, they use an asymmetric wing stroke; increasing the pitch of the roll-contralateral wing pair, while decreasing that of the roll-ipsilateral pair. They also increase the wing sweep amplitude of, and decrease the elevation amplitude of, the contralateral wing pair relative to the ipsilateral pair. The roll maneuver unfolds in a stairstep manner, with orientation changing more during downstroke than upstroke. This is due to smaller upstroke wing pitch angle asymmetries as well as increased upstroke flapping counter-torque from left-right differences in global reference frame wing velocity about the moth's roll axis. Rolls are also opposed by stabilizing aerodynamic moments from lateral motion, such that rightward roll velocity will be opposed by rightward motion. Computational modeling using blade-element approaches confirm the plausibility of a causal linkage between the previously mentioned wing kinematics and roll/sideslip. Model results also predict high degrees of axial and lateral damping. On the time scale of whole and half wing strokes, left-right wing pair asymmetries directly relate to the first, but not second, derivative of roll. Collectively, these results strongly support a roll-based sideslip with a high degree of roll damping in M. sexta.

  20. Direct lateral maneuvers in hawkmoths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greeter, Jeremy S M; Hedrick, Tyson L

    2016-01-01

    We used videography to investigate direct lateral maneuvers, i.e. 'sideslips', of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta. M. sexta sideslip by rolling their entire body and wings to reorient their net force vector. During sideslip they increase net aerodynamic force by flapping with greater amplitude, (in both wing elevation and sweep), allowing them to continue to support body weight while rolled. To execute the roll maneuver we observed in sideslips, they use an asymmetric wing stroke; increasing the pitch of the roll-contralateral wing pair, while decreasing that of the roll-ipsilateral pair. They also increase the wing sweep amplitude of, and decrease the elevation amplitude of, the contralateral wing pair relative to the ipsilateral pair. The roll maneuver unfolds in a stairstep manner, with orientation changing more during downstroke than upstroke. This is due to smaller upstroke wing pitch angle asymmetries as well as increased upstroke flapping counter-torque from left-right differences in global reference frame wing velocity about the moth's roll axis. Rolls are also opposed by stabilizing aerodynamic moments from lateral motion, such that rightward roll velocity will be opposed by rightward motion. Computational modeling using blade-element approaches confirm the plausibility of a causal linkage between the previously mentioned wing kinematics and roll/sideslip. Model results also predict high degrees of axial and lateral damping. On the time scale of whole and half wing strokes, left-right wing pair asymmetries directly relate to the first, but not second, derivative of roll. Collectively, these results strongly support a roll-based sideslip with a high degree of roll damping in M. sexta. PMID:26740573

  1. Vision assisted aircraft lateral navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohideen, Mohamed Ibrahim; Ramegowda, Dinesh; Seiler, Peter

    2013-05-01

    Surface operation is currently one of the least technologically equipped phases of aircraft operation. The increased air traffic congestion necessitates more aircraft operations in degraded weather and at night. The traditional surface procedures worked well in most cases as airport surfaces have not been congested and airport layouts were less complex. Despite the best efforts of FAA and other safety agencies, runway incursions continue to occur frequently due to incorrect surface operation. Several studies conducted by FAA suggest that pilot induced error contributes significantly to runway incursions. Further, the report attributes pilot's lack of situational awareness - local (e.g., minimizing lateral deviation), global (e.g., traffic in the vicinity) and route (e.g., distance to next turn) - to the problem. An Enhanced Vision System (EVS) is one concept that is being considered to resolve these issues. These systems use on-board sensors to provide situational awareness under poor visibility conditions. In this paper, we propose the use of an Image processing based system to estimate the aircraft position and orientation relative to taxiway markings to use as lateral guidance aid. We estimate aircraft yaw angle and lateral offset from slope of the taxiway centerline and horizontal position of vanishing line. Unlike automotive applications, several cues such as aircraft maneuvers along assigned route with minimal deviations, clear ground markings, even taxiway surface, limited aircraft speed are available and enable us to implement significant algorithm optimizations. We present experimental results to show high precision navigation accuracy with sensitivity analysis with respect to camera mount, optics, and image processing error.

  2. Detecting lateral genetic material transfer

    CERN Document Server

    Calderón, C; Mireles, V; Miramontes, P

    2012-01-01

    The bioinformatical methods to detect lateral gene transfer events are mainly based on functional coding DNA characteristics. In this paper, we propose the use of DNA traits not depending on protein coding requirements. We introduce several semilocal variables that depend on DNA primary sequence and that reflect thermodynamic as well as physico-chemical magnitudes that are able to tell apart the genome of different organisms. After combining these variables in a neural classificator, we obtain results whose power of resolution go as far as to detect the exchange of genomic material between bacteria that are phylogenetically close.

  3. Laterally Mounted Azobenzenes on Platforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammerich, Melanie; Herges, Rainer

    2015-11-20

    Triazatriangulenium ions have previously been used as platforms to prepare self-assembled monolayers of functional molecules such as azobenzenes with vertical orientation and that are free-standing on gold surfaces. We have now prepared azobenzenes that are spanned between two posts which are attached on two platforms. Absorbed on a gold surface, the azobenzene should be laterally oriented at a distance of more than 4 Å above and thus electronically decoupled from the surface, and the system should perform a muscle-type movement upon isomerization. PMID:26551306

  4. Observation of curative effect by traditional Chinese medicine hot compress, acupuncture combined with Kinesio in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis%中药熥敷、针刺结合肌内效贴治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋瑞军; 董莉莉; 陈振海; 李明阳; 尚明臣; 王明山

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨中药熥敷、针刺结合肌内效贴治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效。方法40例肱骨外上髁炎患者,随机分为对照组和治疗组,各20例。对照组采用中药熥敷、针刺治疗,治疗组在中药熥敷、针刺基础上进行肌内效贴治疗。治疗后比较两组患者治疗效果。结果治疗组治疗总有效率100%高于对照组90%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论运用中药熥敷、针刺结合肌内效贴治疗肱骨外上髁炎,能有效缓解疼痛,疗效明显。%ObjectiveTo investigate curative effect by traditional Chinese medicine hot compress, acupuncture combined with Kinesio in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis.MethodsA total of 40 external humeral epicondylitis patients were randomly divided into control group and treatment group, with 20 cases in each group. The control group received traditional Chinese medicine hot compress and acupuncture for treatment, and the treatment group received additional Kinesio for treatment. Curative effects of the two groups were compared after treatment.ResultsThe treatment group had higher total effective rate as 100% than 90% of the control group, and their difference had statistical significance (P<0.05).ConclusionImplement of traditional Chinese medicine hot compress, acupuncture combined with Kinesio in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis can effective relieve pain with precise effect.

  5. Clinical observation on the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis in 50 patients with heated Chinese medicine permeating combined with triamcinolone acetonide%中药加温透入结合曲安奈德痛点注射治疗肱骨外上髁炎50例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时少冰; 王斐然; 吴丽平

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical curative effects of heated Chinese medicine permeating with Intermediate Frequency Electric Current combined with triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods 100 cases with external humeral epicondylitis were divided into the experimental group (50 cases) and the control group (50 cases) randomly. The patients in the experimental group were treated with heated Chinese medicine permeating with Intermediate Frequency Electric Current combined with triamcinolone acetonide, and the controls were treated with triamcinolone acetonide only. Results The experimental group had a better improvement in elbow pain and gripping indices than the controls, and the difference was signiifcant. The difference in the excellent rate and the relapse rate between the two groups was signiifcant (P<0.05). Conclusion Heated Chinese medicine permeating with Intermediate Frequency Electric Current combined with triamcinolone acetonide has good efifciency in treating external humeral epicondylitis.%目的探讨中频电加温中药透入结合曲安奈德治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效。方法将100例肱骨外上髁炎患者随机分为两组,每组50例,治疗组采用中频电加温中药透入结合曲安奈德治疗,对照组仅给予曲安奈德治疗。结果治疗组对肘部疼痛、握力指数的改善均优于对照组(P<0.05);两组优良率和复发率比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论中频电加温中药透入结合曲安奈德治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效确切。

  6. Chronic mucus hypersecretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harmsen, L; Thomsen, S F; Sylvan Ingebrigtsen, Truls;

    2010-01-01

    Chronic mucus hypersecretion (CMH) is a common condition in patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Little is known about the incidence, prevalence and determinants of CMH in younger individuals....

  7. [PARTICULAR QUALITIES OF DIAGNOSTIC ACUTE LATERAL ANKLE LIGAMENT INJURIES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnoperov, S N; Shishka, I V; Golovaha, M L

    2015-01-01

    Delayed diagnosis of acute lateral ankle ligaments injury and subsequent inadequate treatment leads to the development of chronic instability and rapid progression of degenerative processes in the joint. The aim of our work was to improve treatment results by developing an diagnostic algorithm and treatment strategy of acute lateral ankle ligament injuries. The study included 48 patients with history of acute inversion ankle injury mechanism. Diagnostic protocol included clinical and radiological examination during 48 hours and after 7-10 days after injury. According to the high rate of inaccurate clinical diagnosis in the first 48 hours of the injury a short course of conservative treatment for 7-10 days is needed with follow-up and controlling clinical and radiographic instability tests. Clinical symptoms of ankle inversion injury showed that the combination of local tenderness in the projection of damaged ligaments, the presence of severe periarticular hematoma in the lateral department and positive anterior drawer and talar tilt tests in 7-10 days after the injury in 87% of cases shows the presence of ligament rupture. An algorithm for diagnosis of acute lateral ankle ligament injury was developed, which allowed us to determine differential indications for surgical repair of the ligaments and conservative treatment of these patients.

  8. [PARTICULAR QUALITIES OF DIAGNOSTIC ACUTE LATERAL ANKLE LIGAMENT INJURIES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnoperov, S N; Shishka, I V; Golovaha, M L

    2015-01-01

    Delayed diagnosis of acute lateral ankle ligaments injury and subsequent inadequate treatment leads to the development of chronic instability and rapid progression of degenerative processes in the joint. The aim of our work was to improve treatment results by developing an diagnostic algorithm and treatment strategy of acute lateral ankle ligament injuries. The study included 48 patients with history of acute inversion ankle injury mechanism. Diagnostic protocol included clinical and radiological examination during 48 hours and after 7-10 days after injury. According to the high rate of inaccurate clinical diagnosis in the first 48 hours of the injury a short course of conservative treatment for 7-10 days is needed with follow-up and controlling clinical and radiographic instability tests. Clinical symptoms of ankle inversion injury showed that the combination of local tenderness in the projection of damaged ligaments, the presence of severe periarticular hematoma in the lateral department and positive anterior drawer and talar tilt tests in 7-10 days after the injury in 87% of cases shows the presence of ligament rupture. An algorithm for diagnosis of acute lateral ankle ligament injury was developed, which allowed us to determine differential indications for surgical repair of the ligaments and conservative treatment of these patients. PMID:27089717

  9. Chronic pain after childhood groin hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aasvang, Eske Kvanner; Kehlet, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In contrast to the well-described 10% risk of chronic pain affecting daily activities after adult groin hernia repair, chronic pain after childhood groin hernia repair has never been investigated. Studies of other childhood surgery before the age of 3 months suggest a risk of increased...... pain responsiveness later in life, but its potential relationship to chronic pain in adult life is unknown. METHODS: This was a nationwide detailed questionnaire study of chronic groin pain in adults having surgery for a groin hernia repair before the age of 5 years (n = 1075). RESULTS: The response...... the age of 3 months (n = 122) did not report groin pain more often or with higher intensity than other patients did. CONCLUSIONS: Groin pain in adult patients operated on for a groin hernia in childhood is uncommon and usually mild and occurs in relation to physical activity. Operation before the age...

  10. Chronic urticaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Sachdeva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic urticaria (CU is a disturbing allergic condition of the skin. Although frequently benign, it may sometimes be a red flag sign of a serious internal disease. A multitude of etiologies have been implicated in the causation of CU, including physical, infective, vasculitic, psychological and idiopathic. An autoimmune basis of most of the ′idiopathic′ forms is now hypothesized. Histamine released from mast cells is the major effector in pathogenesis and it is clinically characterized by wheals that have a tendency to recur. Laboratory investigations aimed at a specific etiology are not always conclusive, though may be suggestive of an underlying condition. A clinical search for associated systemic disease is strongly advocated under appropriate circumstances. The mainstay of treatment remains H1 antihistaminics. These may be combined with complementary pharmacopeia in the form of H2 blockers, doxepin, nifedipine and leukotriene inhibitors. More radical therapy in the form of immunoglobulins, plasmapheresis and cyclophosphamide may be required for recalcitrant cases. Autologous transfusion and alternative remedies like acupuncture have prospects for future. A stepwise management results in favorable outcomes. An update on CU based on our experience with patients at a tertiary care centre is presented.

  11. 反阿是穴与阿是穴治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效比较%Comparative study on therapeutic effect of Ashi-points and anti-Ashi-points on external humeral epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察反阿是穴与阿是穴治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效差异.方法:将68例患者随机分为反阿是穴组和阿是穴组,每组34例.反阿是穴组在按压后使局部疼痛缓解或消失处选取穴,阿是穴组在痛点取穴,并于周边围刺三针.隔天治疗1次,10次为一疗程,均治疗2个疗程,分别在疗程结束后当天、第7天、第30天、第6个月及1年后观察疗效.结果:治疗后当天反阿是穴组有效率为100.0%(34/34),阿是穴组有效率73.5%(25/34),两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),第7天和第30天反阿是穴组有效率分别是94.1%(32/34)、91.2%(31/34),优于阿是穴组的70.6%(24/34)、67.6%(23/34)(均P<0.01),第6个月和1年后反阿是穴组有效率分别为73.5%(25/34)、52.9%(18/34),阿是穴组有效率分别为64.7%(22/34)、61.8%(21/34),组间差异无统计学意义(均P>0.05).结论:反阿是穴治疗肱骨外上髁炎具有明显的近期效应,反阿是穴与阿是穴具有相似的远期疗效.%Objective To compare the clinical efficacy between Ashi-points and anti-As/iz-points for external humeral epicondylitis. Methods Sixty-eight cases were randomly devided into an anti-As/ti-points group( group A) and an As/ii-points group(group B), 34 cases in each group. In the group A, anti-Asfti-points(points of pain relief or disappearance after local press) were selected for acupunctures in the group B, Ashi-points (pain spots) were selected for acupuncture and surrounded needling therapy was added . Once other day, 10 treatments made one session, altogether 2 courses. The clinical effects were observed at the ending day, the 7 th day, the 30 th day, the 6 th months and one year after treatment. Results The effective rates at the ending day, the 7 th day, the 30 th day after treatment in the group A were 100. 0% (34/34), 94.1% (32/34) and 91. 2% (31/34) , which were superior to those of 73. 5% (25/34), 70. 6% (24/34), 67. 6% (23/34) respectively

  12. Relativism in Feyerabend's later writings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusch, Martin

    2016-06-01

    This paper reconstructs, and distinguishes between, Feyerabend's different forms of relativism in his later writings. Science in a Free Society remains close to familiar forms of relativism, while, at the same time, developing an original but under-argued form of political relativism, and rejecting "conversion" models of cultural exchange. Farewell to Reason moves away from common renderings of relativism, and develops a range of different new forms. Central here are links between relativism, skepticism and infallibilism. In the last six years of his life, Feyerabend often criticizes a peculiar radical form of relativism that arguably no-one has ever proposed or defended. In the same context, Feyerabend sketches an "ontological" form of relativism. It combines "Kantian humility", metaphysical pluralism and constructivism. PMID:27269269

  13. Complications of Diabetes: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD and Diabetic Nephropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    iyabet Dunyagoz Hospitals G

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Today, almost half of the patients who are on chronic kidney replacement therapy have diabetes. The enormous worldwide rise in these cases pose potential economic burden for every country and therefore monitoring kidney function should be a practice provided in outpatient settings. Poorly controlled diabetes will not only result in chronic renal failure, but also patients with chronic renal disease will have some metabolic abnormalities that will increase both morbidity and mortality of the patients. While hypertension may associate with most of the diabetic cases, those people with diabetes who have no rise in blood pressure will eventually develop hypertension at later stage of the chronic kidney disease.

  14. 远端取穴结合运动疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床研究%Observation on Distal Acu-Points Combined with Kinesiotherapy Treating External Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于杰; 孙忠人; 赵惠; 张杰

    2016-01-01

    目的:评价远端取穴结合运动疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的近期及远期疗效。方法:将符合纳入标准的66例肱骨外上髁炎患者按随机信封法为观察组和对照组各33例,观察组采用围刺加远端取穴结合运动疗法,对照组采用围刺加经穴治疗。观察两组治疗前、治疗后1周的肘关节活动度改变、简化麦吉尔疼痛问卷(SF-MPQ)评分、病患网球肘评价(PRTEE)评分变化情况,并分别于治疗后1周、治疗后3个月进行临床疗效评价。结果:两组治疗后肘关节活动度、SF-MPQ问卷评分及PRTEE量表评分与治疗前比较均明显改善,差异有高度统计学意义(P<0.01);观察组治疗后1周的肘关节活动度、SF-MPQ问卷评分及PRTEE量表评分显著优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组治疗后1周和治疗后3个月的临床疗效均明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:远端取穴结合运动疗法治疗肱骨外上髁炎的近期及远期疗效均显著优于常规针刺疗法;远端取穴结合运动疗法总有效率高、治愈率高。%Objective:To evaluate the short-term and long-term efficacy of distal acu-points combined with ki-nesiotherapy on treating external humeral epicondylitis. Methods:Sixty-six patients with humeral epicondylitis meeting with the inclusion criteria were divided into observation group and control group randomly ,with 33 cases in each group. The observation group was given surrounding acupuncture with the distal acu-points and kinesiotherapy,while the control group was given surrounding acupuncture therapy with conventional points. We compared the elbow joint activities,the scores of short-form McGill pain questionnaire(SF-MPQ),and pa-tient-rated tennis elbow evaluation (PRTEE) scores before the treatment with those 1 week after treatment. Furthermore,the clinical efficacy 1 week after the therapy and that three months

  15. Neuromodulation of chronic headaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martelletti, Paolo; Jensen, Rigmor H; Antal, Andrea;

    2013-01-01

    The medical treatment of patients with chronic primary headache syndromes (chronic migraine, chronic tension-type headache, chronic cluster headache, hemicrania continua) is challenging as serious side effects frequently complicate the course of medical treatment and some patients may be even...

  16. Arthrography of the ankle joint in chronic instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Papers on arthrography of injuries of the lateral ligaments of the ankle relate mainly to recent distortion of the joint. Arthrography performed at a later stage after injury generally is considered useless. In fact, changes in chronic instability are observed; they are subtle and consist either of small recesses adjacent to the lateral malleolus or communication of the joint with the peroneal tendon sheaths. Arthrography was assessed in 61 cases of recurrent lateral sprains of the ankle more than 2 weeks after acute injury; 38 were considered as positive. Twenty-five patients had operative evaluation, with four false negative and one false positive results. Small recesses adjacent to the lateral malleolus or opacification of the peroneal tendon sheaths are sequelae of an acute sprain with tear of the anterior talofibular and/or the calcaneofibular ligaments. Although false negative results occur, arthrography is useful in the preoperative assessment of chronic ankle instability. (orig.)

  17. Arthrography of the ankle joint in chronic instability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dory, M.A.

    1986-05-01

    Papers on arthrography of injuries of the lateral ligaments of the ankle relate mainly to recent distortion of the joint. Arthrography performed at a later stage after injury generally is considered useless. In fact, changes in chronic instability are observed; they are subtle and consist either of small recesses adjacent to the lateral malleolus or communication of the joint with the peroneal tendon sheaths. Arthrography was assessed in 61 cases of recurrent lateral sprains of the ankle more than 2 weeks after acute injury; 38 were considered as positive. Twenty-five patients had operative evaluation, with four false negative and one false positive results. Small recesses adjacent to the lateral malleolus or opacification of the peroneal tendon sheaths are sequelae of an acute sprain with tear of the anterior talofibular and/or the calcaneofibular ligaments. Although false negative results occur, arthrography is useful in the preoperative assessment of chronic ankle instability.

  18. 49 CFR 230.105 - Lateral motion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Tenders Running Gear § 230.105 Lateral motion. (a) Condemning limits. The total lateral motion or play... cases be kept within such limits that the driving wheels, rods, or crank pins will not interfere...

  19. Athletic injuries of the lateral abdominal wall: review of anatomy and MR imaging appearance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stensby, J.D. [University of Virginia, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, 1218 Lee Street, Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, 510 S. Kingshighway, Campus Box 8131, St. Louis, MO (United States); Baker, Jonathan C. [Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, 510 S. Kingshighway, Campus Box 8131, St. Louis, MO (United States); Fox, Michael G. [University of Virginia, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, 1218 Lee Street, Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA (United States)

    2016-02-15

    The lateral abdominal wall is comprised of three muscles, each with a different function and orientation. The transversus abdominus, internal oblique, and external oblique muscles span the abdominal cavity between the iliocostalis lumborum and quadratus lumborum posteriorly and the rectus abdominis anteriorly. The lateral abdominal wall is bound superiorly by the lower ribs and costal cartilages and inferiorly by the iliac crest and inguinal ligament. The lateral abdominal wall may be acutely or chronically injured in a variety of athletic endeavors, with occasional acute injuries in the setting of high-energy trauma such as motor vehicle collisions. Injuries to the lateral abdominal wall may result in lumbar hernia formation, unique for its high incarceration rate, and also Spigelian hernias. This article will review the anatomy, the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging approach, and the features and complications of lateral abdominal wall injuries. (orig.)

  20. Athletic injuries of the lateral abdominal wall: review of anatomy and MR imaging appearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lateral abdominal wall is comprised of three muscles, each with a different function and orientation. The transversus abdominus, internal oblique, and external oblique muscles span the abdominal cavity between the iliocostalis lumborum and quadratus lumborum posteriorly and the rectus abdominis anteriorly. The lateral abdominal wall is bound superiorly by the lower ribs and costal cartilages and inferiorly by the iliac crest and inguinal ligament. The lateral abdominal wall may be acutely or chronically injured in a variety of athletic endeavors, with occasional acute injuries in the setting of high-energy trauma such as motor vehicle collisions. Injuries to the lateral abdominal wall may result in lumbar hernia formation, unique for its high incarceration rate, and also Spigelian hernias. This article will review the anatomy, the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging approach, and the features and complications of lateral abdominal wall injuries. (orig.)

  1. A lateral electrophoretic flow diagnostic assay

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Robert; Skandarajah, Arunan; Gerver, Rachel E.; Neira, Hector D.; Daniel A Fletcher; Herr, Amy E.

    2015-01-01

    Immunochromatographic assays are a cornerstone tool in disease screening. To complement existing lateral flow assays (based on wicking flow) we introduce a lateral flow format that employs directed electrophoretic transport. The format is termed a “lateral e-flow assay” and is designed to support multiplexed detection using immobilized reaction volumes of capture antigen. To fabricate the lateral e-flow device, we employ mask-based UV photopatterning to selectively immobilize unmodified captu...

  2. A lateral electrophoretic flow diagnostic assay

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, R.; Skandarajah, A.; Gerver, RE; Neira, HD; Fletcher, DA; Herr, AE

    2015-01-01

    © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Immunochromatographic assays are a cornerstone tool in disease screening. To complement existing lateral flow assays (based on wicking flow) we introduce a lateral flow format that employs directed electrophoretic transport. The format is termed a "lateral e-flow assay" and is designed to support multiplexed detection using immobilized reaction volumes of capture antigen. To fabricate the lateral e-flow device, we employ mask-based UV photopatterning to ...

  3. Lateralization in Insects: Theoretical and Experimental Approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Frasnelli, Elisa

    2011-01-01

    Recent studies have revealed a variety of left–right asymmetries among vertebrates and invertebrates. In many species, left- and right-lateralized individuals coexist, but in unequal numbers (‘population-level’ lateralization). It has been argued that brain lateralization increases individual efficiency (e.g. avoiding unnecessary duplication of neural circuitry and reducing interference between functions), thus counteracting the ecological disadvantages of lateral biases in behaviour (making ...

  4. Hemispheric Laterality in Music and Math

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szirony, Gary Michael; Burgin, John S.; Pearson, L. Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    Hemispheric laterality may be a useful concept in teaching, learning, training, and in understanding more about human development. To address this issue, a measure of hemispheric laterality was compared to musical and mathematical ability. The Human Information Processing Survey (HIPS) instrument, designed to measure hemispheric laterality, was…

  5. Pedestrian-induced lateral forces on footbridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingólfsson, Einar Thór; Georgakis, Christos T.; Jönsson, Jeppe;

    2011-01-01

    of the underlying pavement. An extensive experimental analysis has been carried out to determine the lateral forces generated by pedestrians when walking on a laterally moving treadmill. Two different conditions are investigated; initially the treadmill is fixed and then it is laterally driven in a sinusoidal...

  6. Pedestrian-induced lateral forces on footbridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingolfsson, Einar Thor; Georgakis, Christos T.; Jönsson, Jeppe;

    2012-01-01

    of the underlying pavement. An extensive experimental analysis has been carried out to determine the lateral forces generated by pedestrians when walking on a laterally moving treadmill. Two different conditions are investigated; initially the treadmill is fixed and then it is laterally driven in a sinusoidal...

  7. Untying chronic pain

    OpenAIRE

    Häuser, Winfried; Wolfe, Frederik; Henningsen, Peter; Schmutzer, Gabriele; Brähler, Elmar; Hinz, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Background: Chronic pain is a major public health problem. The impact of stages of chronic pain adjusted for disease load on societal burden has not been assessed in population surveys. Methods: A cross-sectional survey with 4360 people aged ≥ 14 years representative of the German population was conducted. Measures obtained included demographic variables, presence of chronic pain (based on the definition of the International Association for the Study of Pain), chronic pain stages (by chronic ...

  8. Chronic pain after hysterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandsborg, B.; Nikolajsen, L.; Kehlet, H.;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a well-known adverse effect of surgery, but the risk of chronic pain after gynaecological surgery is less established. METHOD: This review summarizes studies on chronic pain following hysterectomy. The underlying mechanisms and risk factors for the development of chronic...... post-hysterectomy pain are discussed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Chronic pain is reported by 5-32% of women after hysterectomy. A guideline is proposed for future prospective studies Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3...

  9. Chronic pain after hysterectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandsborg, B; Nikolajsen, L; Kehlet, Henrik;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a well-known adverse effect of surgery, but the risk of chronic pain after gynaecological surgery is less established. METHOD: This review summarizes studies on chronic pain following hysterectomy. The underlying mechanisms and risk factors for the development of chronic...... post-hysterectomy pain are discussed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Chronic pain is reported by 5-32% of women after hysterectomy. A guideline is proposed for future prospective studies. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Mar...

  10. LATER RETIREMENT? PATTERNS, PREFERENCES, POLICIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Kohli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pension systems are a major part of the political economy of current societies – much beyond providing old-age income security. The well-known demographics of population aging as well as globalization today challenge their financial viability. Later retirement seems to be a good way to meet these challenges. However, it is not only unpopular but also inequitable in terms of differential longevity. The paper first discusses these problems, with a particular focus on the social stratification of mortality. It then analyzes the preferences towards retirement age at several levels:  in terms of attitudes towards public spending on pensions or towards the state’s responsibility in this matter, of support for pension policy alternatives, and of preferred individual age of retirement. Results show that large majorities across all age groups are in favour of more government spending on pensions. There is a substantial amount of ‘involuntary retirement’, meaning that people would have preferred to work longer than they actually did, as well as a somewhat lower amount of ‘involuntary work’, but the preferred ages are everywhere below 65, and in some countries still below 60. Finally, the paper examines the policies of raising the retirement age adopted during the last two decades. What has especially been lacking in these policies is a consideration of socially differentiated longevity.

  11. 依托芬那酯凝胶治疗急性肱骨外上髁炎50例疗效观察%To Observe the Etofenamate Gel Curative Effect in the Treatment of 50 Cases of Acute Humeral Epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李卫国

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察依托芬那酯凝胶治疗急性肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效。方法治疗组给予依托芬那酯凝胶涂抹痛处,并轻柔按摩治疗,对照组予奇正消痛贴膏贴于患处。结果治疗组总有效率显著高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论依托芬那酯凝胶对于肱骨外上髁炎急性期具有良好的疗效,值得推广使用。%Objective To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of etofenamate gel in the treatment of acute external humeral epicondylitis. Methods The patients in treatment group were treated with etofenamate gel and massage.The patients in control group were treated with Qizheng-xiaotong plaster. Results The total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than in control group(P<0.01). Conclusion The etofenamate gel is an ideal treatment for acute external humeral epicondylitis and worthy of clinical use.

  12. The Later Wittgenstein and the Later Husserl on Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Ricoeur

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an edited version of lectures given by Paul Ricœur at Johns Hopkins University in April 1966. Ricœur offers a comparative analysis of Wittgenstein’s and Husserl’s late works, taking the problem of language as the common ground of investigation for these two central figures of phenomenology and analytic philosophy. Ricœur develops his study in two parts. The first part considers Husserl’s approach to language after the Logical Investigations and concentrates on Formal and Transcendental Logic; leaving a transcendental reflection on language behind it re-examines a phenomenological conception, according to which the sphere of logic is not separable from that of experience. The main focus of the second part is Wittgenstein’s later philosophy as it moved on from the conception of an isomorphic relation between language and the world, as set out in the picture theory in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to the more pragmatic notion of a language-game in the Philosophical Investigations. In order to get beyond the irrevocable differences between the two philosophies and the unresolved theoretical issues on both sides, Ricœur suggests turning to a semiological paradigm based on the Saussurean distinction between “language” and “speaking.” Keywords: Analytic Philosophy, Husserl, Phenomenology, Semiology, Wittgenstein.Résumé Cet article est une version éditée de conférences données par Paul Ricœur à la Johns Hopkins University en avril 1966. Ricœur propose une analyse comparée des dernières œuvres de Wittgenstein et Husserl, avec le problème du langage comme sol commun d’investigations pour ces deux figures centrales de la phénoménologie et la philosophie analytique. Cette analyse de Ricœur se joue à travers deux parties. La première partie revient sur l'approche du langage chez Husserl depuis Recherches logiques avec une attention particulière aux développements de Logique formelle et

  13. Molecular profiling of the lateral habenula in a rat model of depression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trine Christensen

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study systematically investigated the effect of chronic mild stress and response to antidepressant treatment in the lateral habenula at the whole genome level. METHODS: Rat whole genome expression chips (Affymetrix were used to detect gene expression regulations in the lateral habenula of rats subjected to chronic mild stress (mild stressors exchanged twice a day for 8 weeks. Some rats received antidepressant treatment during fifth to eights week of CMS. The lateral habenula gene expression profile was studied through the gene ontology and signal pathway analyses using bioinformatics. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR was used to verify the microarray results and determine the expression of the Fcrla, Eif3k, Sec3l1, Ubr5, Abca8a, Ankrd49, Cyp2j10, Frs3, Syn2, and Znf503 genes in the lateral habenula tissue. RESULTS: In particular we found that stress and antidepressant treatment affected intracellular cascades like growth factor receptor signaling, G-protein-coupled receptor signaling, and Wnt signaling - processes involved in the neuroplastic changes observed during the progression of depression and antidepressant treatment. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests an important role of the lateral habenula in the development of depression-like conditions and correlates to previous studies demonstrating a significant role of the lateral habenula in depressive-like conditions and antidepressant treatment.

  14. Chronic mucus hypersecretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli; von Linstow, Marie-Louise; Nepper-Christensen, Steen;

    2005-01-01

    To investigate if chronic mucus hypersecretion (CMH) can be used as a marker of asthma in young adults.......To investigate if chronic mucus hypersecretion (CMH) can be used as a marker of asthma in young adults....

  15. Chronic Diarrhea in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can include cramping abdominal pain nausea or vomiting fever chills bloody stools Children with chronic diarrhea who have ... can include cramping, abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, fever, chills, or bloody stools. Children with chronic diarrhea who ...

  16. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyneuropathy - chronic inflammatory; CIDP; Chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy; Guillain-Barré - CIDP ... CIDP is one cause of damage to nerves outside the brain or spinal cord ( peripheral neuropathy ). Polyneuropathy ...

  17. Chronic fatigue syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett RM. Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and myofascial pain. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 274. Engleberg NC. Chronic ...

  18. "Chronic Lyme Disease"

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Content Marketing Share this: Main Content Area "Chronic Lyme Disease" What is "chronic Lyme disease?" Lyme disease is an infection caused by ... J Med 357:1422-30, 2008). How is Lyme disease treated? For early Lyme disease, a short ...

  19. Development of a lateral PEM fuel cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gruber, Karl; Kronberger, Hermann; Fafilek, Guenter [ECHEM Center of Competence in Applied Electrochemistry, Viktor Kaplanstr.2, A-2700 Wiener Neustadt (Austria); University of Technology Vienna, Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytic/EC 164, Getreidemarkt 9/164, A-1060 Vienna (Austria); Loibl, Helmut; Schlauf, Thomas [FOTEC Forschungs und Technologietransfer GmbH, Viktor Kaplanstr.2, A-2700 Wiener Neustadt (Austria); Pallanits, Josef [HTP High Tech Plastics AG, A-7201 Neudoerfl (Austria); Gornik, Christian [Battenfeld Kunststoffmaschinen GmbH, Wiener Neustaedterstrasse 81, A-2542 Kottingbrunn (Austria); Nauer, Gerhard [ECHEM Center of Competence in Applied Electrochemistry, Viktor Kaplanstr.2, A-2700 Wiener Neustadt (Austria); University of Vienna, Institute for Physical Chemistry, Waehringerstr. 42, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-06-15

    A novel lateral PEM fuel cell was developed. The anodes and cathodes are situated nearby each other on a polymer electrolyte membrane. The transport of the protons takes place in a lateral way in the membrane. All manufacturing steps of the lateral PEM fuel cell were designed to meet the requirements of mass production. The base plate being the central part was made by means of polymer micro injection moulding. (author)

  20. Prostaglandins and chronic inflammation

    OpenAIRE

    Aoki, Tomohiro; Narumiya, Shuh

    2012-01-01

    Chronic inflammation is the basis of various chronic illnesses including cancer and vascular diseases. However, much has yet to be learned how inflammation becomes chronic. Prostaglandins (PGs) are well established as mediators of acute inflammation, and recent studies in experimental animals have provided evidence that they also function in transition to and maintenance of chronic inflammation. One role PGs play in such processes is amplification of cytokine signaling. As such, PGs can facil...

  1. Prolactinoma presenting as chronic anaemia with osteoporosis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Hanley John P; MacLean Fergus R

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Unexplained anaemia is a rare mode of presentation for prolactinoma. We describe a case of a man, with chronic anaemia ascribed to old age. Six years later, he was evaluated and diagnosed with a prolactinoma and resultant osteoporosis. Prolactinoma in old people may present insidiously with chronic anaemia and osteoporosis with or without sexual dysfunction. Case presentation We describe the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian man who presented with mild anaemia and tirednes...

  2. Antiglomerular basement membrane antibody-crescentic glomerulonephritis complicating chronic bronchiectasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enríquez, R; Cabezuelo, J B; Sirvent, A E; Andrada, E; Amorós, F; Orti, C

    2001-04-01

    A 68-year-old woman with chronic bronchiectasis presented with haematuria and severe oligoanuric renal failure with no other serious systemic manifestation. Antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies and anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies were positive. Renal biopsy revealed anti-GBM crescentic glomerulonephritis. A conservative approach was followed and the patient is stable on chronic haemodialysis 6 months later. To the authors' knowledge, there has only been one previous report of anti-GBM disease complicating bronchiectasis.

  3. Innovations in chronic anal fissure treatment: A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    A chronic anal fissure is a common perianal condition. This review aims to evaluate both existing and new therapies in the treatment of chronic fissures. Pharmacological therapies such as glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), Diltiazem ointment and Botulinum toxin provide a relatively non-invasive option, but with higher recurrence rates. Lateral sphincterotomy remains the gold standard for treatment. Anal dilatation has no role in treatment. New therapies include perineal support devices, Gonyautoxin i...

  4. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

    OpenAIRE

    Dimachkie, Mazen M.; Barohn, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    Chronic Inflammatory polyneuropathies are an important group of neuromuscular disorders that present chronically and progress over more than 8 weeks, being referred to as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Despite tremendous progress in elucidating disease pathogenesis, the exact triggering event remains unknown. Our knowledge regarding diagnosis and management of CIDP and its variants continues to expand, resulting in improved opportunities for identification and treat...

  5. Vannevar Bush: Fifty Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-12-01

    It is ironic that the 50th anniversary year of Vannevar Bush's Report to President Truman entitled "Science the Endless Frontier", which put into motion the eminently successful current system of education of scientists in this country occurs at a time when serious questions are being asked about the usefulness of that very system. Bush viewed his proposal to establish a national research foundation (later to be called the National Science Foundation) as a "social compact." Judgment of scientific merit would be delegated to expert peers in return for scientific progress, which would ultimately benefit the nation in terms of scientific needs--military security, economic productivity, and enhanced quality of life. Bush wanted the funding of basic research intertwined with training, and preferred to use universities for this purpose rather than industrial or national labs. Bush viewed college and university scientists as teachers and investigators. He believed university-based research would uniquely encourage and engage the next generation of scientists as no other institutional arrangement could. Bush did not trust industry's commitment to basic research, an instinct that proved prophetic. The academic reserve of scientists (PhD's in training and postdoctoral students) that existed before World War II, and upon which the United States could draw for its needs, which were primarily associated with defense efforts, was probably one of the defining factors in Bush's suggested strategy. Currently, that reserve of talent has gotten so large that it is the obvious throttle in the pipeline slowing the continued development of the university research enterprise. Since 1977, the rate at which we have trained new scientists exceeds an average of 4% annually. Since 1987, the "science work force"--PhD's--has grown at three times the rate of the general labor supply. Temporary positions for postdoctoral scientists have grown even faster (over 5% per year since 1989). To compound

  6. Influence of Kinesitherapy on Gait in Patients with Ischemic Stroke in the Chronic Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danche Vasileva

    2015-10-01

    CONCLUSION: The applied specialized kinesitherapeutic methodology continued later as exercise program at home, which significantly improved gait cadence and speed of movement in patients with ischemic stroke in the chronic period and is with a supportive prolonged exposure.

  7. 放散状与聚焦状冲击波治疗肱骨内上髁炎的疗效比较%Effect of radial and focused extracorporeal shock waves in the treatment of humeral internal epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张隆浩; 黄广林; 满立波

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨放散状与聚焦状冲击波治疗肱骨内上髁炎的疗效及安全性.方法 35例肱骨内上髁炎患者随机被分为放散状冲击波治疗组(放散组)和聚焦状冲击波治疗组(聚焦组),分别为20例和15例.放散组患者治疗频率为10 Hz,治疗探头15 mm,治疗压力l~2 bar,冲击剂量2000/次,手持压力低-中.聚焦组患者治疗电压7~8 kV,冲击频率60次/min,冲击剂量1200次.所有患者均治疗3次,治疗间隔为7d,治疗部位为肱骨内上髁部.治疗前,末次治疗4周后和12周后采用视觉模拟评级(VAS)法评估患者治疗前后疼痛强度.结果 两组患者治疗前VAS评分相近,放散组VAS评分(6.53±2.40),聚焦组VAS评分(7.19±1.98);末次治疗4周后及12周后,VAS评分均显著低于治疗前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);末次治疗4周后放散组VAS评分(3.47±1.93)显著低于聚焦组VAS评分(4.89 ±0.12),两组之间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);在12周时放散组VAS评分2.05±1.11,聚焦组VAS评分2.22±0.42,两组比较之间差异无明显意义(P>0.05).结论 放散状冲击波治疗肱骨内上髁炎显效快,但是远期疗效与聚焦状冲击波治疗无明显差异.%Objective To compare the effect of the radial and focused extracorporeal shock waves in the treatment of humeral internal epicondylitis.Methods Thirty-five patients were included in the study,20 received radial extracorporeal shock waves therapy (RSWT) and the others received focused extracorporeal shock waves therapy (FSWT).RSWT group impulses applied with the 15 mm applicator at frequency of 10 Hz,with 2 000 impulses per session,air pressure of the device set at 1-2 bar.FSWT group impulses applied at frequency of 1 Hz,with 1 200 impulses per session,the treatment voltage set at 7-8 kV.Each patient received 3 sessions of treatment with 7 days apart.Visual analog scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the extent of pain before the therapy and 4 or 12 weeks after the last

  8. Clinical Observation of Effect on External Humeral Epicondylitis By Slowly - Twisting -Into Acupuncture Technique and Ginger- Separated Moxibustion%缓慢捻进针法配合隔姜灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范郁山; 伍丽蓉; 曾懿懿; 农凤冠

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察缓慢捻进针法配合隔姜灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床疗效.方法:将96例患者按就诊顺序随机分成两组,治疗组48例采用缓慢捻进针法配合隔姜灸治疗,对照组48例采用常规针刺治疗,观察其疗效.结果:治疗组治愈率93.75%,有效率100%;对照组治愈率64.58%,有效率87.5%.经统计学处理,两组治愈率比较差异有非常显著性意义(P<0.01),两组有效率比较差异有显著意义(P<0.05).结论:缓慢捻进针法配合隔姜灸治疗肱骨外上髁炎疗效优于常规针刺.%Objective;To assess the clinical effect of Slowly - twisting - into Acupuncture Technique for external humeral epi-condylitis. Methods96 cases of external humeral epicondylitis were randomly distributed into two groups ,48 cases in each group.The treatment group was treated with Slowly - twisting - into Acupuncture Technique and Ginger--eparated Moxibustion, Thecontrol group was treated by conventional acupuncture. The curative effect was observed. Results:The cure rate was 93.75% in the treatment group,64.58% in the control group;the efficacy rate was 100% in the treatment group,87. 5% in the control group.There was a very notable difference in the cure rate between the two groups (P <0.01); there was a significant difference in the efficacy rate between the two groups ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion; The curative effect of External Humeral Epicondylitis treated by Slowly - twisting - into Acupuncture Technique combined with Ginger - Separated Moxibustion is better than conventional acupuncture.

  9. Lateral displacement and rotational displacement sensor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duden, Thomas

    2014-04-22

    A position measuring sensor formed from opposing sets of capacitor plates measures both rotational displacement and lateral displacement from the changes in capacitances as overlapping areas of capacitors change. Capacitances are measured by a measuring circuit. The measured capacitances are provided to a calculating circuit that performs calculations to obtain angular and lateral displacement from the capacitances measured by the measuring circuit.

  10. Lateral human-structure interaction on footbridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingólfsson, Einar Thór; Georgakis, Christos; Ricciardelli, Francesco;

    2010-01-01

    may lead to large lateral responses. Several recently published load models are based on this assumption. Yet, few experimental studies exist to support this hypothesis. Therefore, an extensive experimental campaign, involving 71 test subjects, has been carried out to determine the lateral forces...... of correlated pedestrian forces in the form of "negative damping" that can be generated at all frequencies....

  11. Sensor data fusion for lateral safe applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amditis, A; Floudas, N.; Polychronopoulos, A.; Bank, D.; Broek, B. van den; Oechsle, F.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the algorithms that are being developed for the perception layer of the PReVENT subproject LATERAL SAFE. These algorithms aim at achieving a reliable representation of the objects and their kinematics, present at the lateral and rear field of the ego-vehicle. The work presented

  12. Naphthyl azomesogens with lateral chloro groups†

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A K Prajapati; H M Pandya; N L Bonde

    2004-06-01

    A homologous series of azomesogens, 2"-[4-(4'--alkoxybenzoyloxy)-2-chlorophenylazo] naphthalenes, with lateral chloro groups was synthesised. All the homologues synthesized exhibit enantiotropic nematic mesophase. The mesomorphic properties of the present series are compared with other structurally related series to evaluate the effect of lateral chloro group and its position on mesomorphism.

  13. Iliotibial band syndrome: evaluation and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, Eric J; Kim, Suezie; Calcei, Jacob G; Park, Daniel

    2011-12-01

    Iliotibial band syndrome is a common overuse injury typically seen in runners, cyclists, and military recruits. Affected patients report lateral knee pain associated with repetitive motion activities. The diagnosis is usually made based on a characteristic history and physical examination, with imaging studies reserved for cases of recalcitrant disease to rule out other pathologic entities. Several etiologies have been proposed for iliotibial band syndrome, including friction of the iliotibial band against the lateral femoral epicondyle, compression of the fat and connective tissue deep to the iliotibial band, and chronic inflammation of the iliotibial band bursa. The mainstay of treatment is nonsurgical; however, in persistent or chronic cases, surgical management is indicated.

  14. The medicine and public health initiative ten years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beitsch, Leslie M; Brooks, Robert G; Glasser, Jay H; Coble, Yank D

    2005-08-01

    The Medicine and Public Health Initiative (MPHI) was created jointly 10 years ago by the American Medical Association and the American Public Health Association to bridge the nearly century-wide gulf between the respective disciplines. We review the history of MPHI and its growing significance in light of recent terrorism events. We report on current MPHI activities by examining three bellwether states-California, Florida, and Texas-as well as international sites. Upon its inception, MPHI was rapidly embraced and nationally disseminated. Sustainability 10 years later in the post-911 world requires renewed commitment by all collaborators. In order to meet the numerous health challenges facing our nation, from terrorism to chronic disease, and for MPHI to be successful, medicine and public health must work in tandem. PMID:16005812

  15. Chronic granulomatous disease associated with chronic glomerulonephritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frifelt, J J; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl; Valerius, Niels Henrik;

    1985-01-01

    A boy with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) developed glomerulonephritis at the age of 12 years. The glomerulonephritis progressed to terminal uraemia at age 15 when maintenance haemodialysis was started. The clinical course was complicated by pulmonary aspergillosis and Pseudomonas septicaemia...

  16. Ultrastructural alterations of choroid plexuses of lateral ventricles of rats (Rattus norvegicus submitted to experimental chronic alcoholism Alterações ultraestruturais dos plexos coróides dos ventrículos laterais de ratos (Rattus norvegicus submetidos a alcoolismo crônico experimental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUÍS FERNANDO TIRAPELLI

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Adult male rats (Wistar lineage were alcoholized with sugar cane liquor diluted at 30(0 GL during 300 days and sacrificed every 60 days in 5 stages. Samples of choroid plexuses of lateral ventricles were collected and examined at transmission electronic microscope to detect possible ultrastructural alterations and to raise possible pathological correlations. Gradual changes were observed in these animals during all the experiment: dilatation and enlargement of cisternae of Golgi complex, dilatation of RER, presence of digestive vacuoles and a large amount of pinocytic vesicles as well as vesicles with electronlucent content throughout cytoplasm, as well as an enlargement of intercellular space between basolateral interdigitation of the cells and of the connective tissue. The changes observed in the epithelium and connective tissue of choroid plexuses specially in 240 and 300 days of treatment are presumably due to a disturbance in hydroelectrolitic homeostasis, contributing to several morpho-functional disturbs of central nervous system. No changes were observed in the control group animals.Ratos machos adultos (linhagem Wistar foram alcoolizados com aguardente de cana diluída a 30(0 GL durante 300 dias e sacrificados a cada 60 dias em 5 etapas. Amostras dos plexos coróides dos ventrículos laterais foram coletadas e examinadas ao microscópio eletrônico de transmissão para detectar possíveis alterações ultraestruturais e suas correlações patológicas. Alterações graduais foram observadas nestes animais durante todo o experimento: dilatação e aumento das cisternas de complexo de Golgi, dilatação do retículo endoplasmático rugoso, presença de vacúolos digestivos e grande quantidade de vesículas pinocíticas assim como de vesículas de conteúdo elétron-lúcido por todo o citoplasma, além de aumento do espaço intercelular, entre as interdigitações das células assim como no tecido conjuntivo. As alterações observadas no

  17. Morpho-functional changes in human tendon tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Galliani

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Insertion tissue biopsies of right arm common extensor tendons from 11 patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis were processed for light and electron microscopy. The subjects were aged between 38 and 54 years (only one was 25. The specimens showed a variety of structural changes such as biochemical and spatial alteration of collagen, hyaline degeneration, loss of tenocytes, fibrocartilage metaplasia, calcifying processes, neovascularization and vessel wall modifications. Tissue alterations were evident in limited zones of the tendon fibrocartilage in which the surgical resection was generally visible. The areas where the degenerative processes were localized, were restricted and in spatial contiguity with morphologically normal ones. The observed cases presented histological and electron microscopic findings that characterize lateral epicondylitis as a degenerative phenomenon involving all tendon components.

  18. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an unusual clinical entity. More than 200 cases are described in the literature and it is presented here with special reference to its radiological aspects. It is an acquired disease of the skeleton which occurs predominantly during childhood and adolescence. About ten per cent of cases begin in early or, rarely, in later adult life. This variant is described here for the first time and is discussed as 'adult CRMO'. The underlying pathology is a bland, predominantly lympho-plasma cellular osteomyelitis which is self-limiting and leads to bone sclerosis (Garre). It probably involves an abnormal immune process which follows an infection but remains clinically latent and remains aseptic and sterile. In a quarter of cases there is an association with pustulosis palmo-plantaris and its relationship with psoriatic arthropathy is discussed. The clinical, histopathological and imaging features (radiological and particularly MRT) and the bone changes are described. (orig./AJ)

  19. Model to Design Drip Hose Lateral Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Rafael; Cury Saad, João Carlos

    2014-05-01

    Introduction The design criterion for non-pressure compensating drip hose is normally to have 10% of flow variation (Δq) in the lateral line, corresponding to 20% of head pressure variation (ΔH). Longer lateral lines in drip irrigation systems using conventional drippers provide cost reduction, but it is necessary to obtain to the uniformity of irrigation [1]. The use of Δq higher levels can provide longer lateral lines. [4] proposes the use of a 30% Δq and he found that this value resulted in distribution uniformity over 80%. [1] considered it is possible to extend the lateral line length using two emitters spacing in different section. He assumed that the spacing changing point would be at 40% of the total length, because this is approximately the location of the average flow according with [2]. [3] found that, for practical purposes, the average pressure is located at 40% of the length of the lateral line and that until this point it has already consumed 75% of total pressure head loss (hf ). In this case, the challenge for designers is getting longer lateral lines with high values of uniformity. Objective The objective of this study was to develop a model to design longer lateral lines using non-pressure compensating drip hose. Using the developed model, the hypotheses to be evaluated were: a) the use of two different spacing between emitters in the same lateral line allows longer length; b) it is possible to get longer lateral lines using high values of pressure variation in the lateral lines since the distribution uniformity stays below allowable limits. Methodology A computer program was developed in Delphi® based on the model developed and it is able to design lateral lines in level using non-pressure compensating drip hose. The input data are: desired distribution uniformity (DU); initial and final pressure in the lateral line; coefficients of relationship between emitter discharge and pressure head; hose internal diameter; pipe cross-sectional area

  20. Lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia: an anatomical insight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias Filho, L C; Valença, M M; Guimarães Filho, F A V; Medeiros, R C; Silva, R A M; Morais, M G V; Valente, F P; França, S M L

    2003-07-01

    A detailed anatomic study was carried out on the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve to better understand the etiology and treatment of lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia. As it passed from the pelvis into the thigh, the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve ran through an "aponeuroticofascial tunnel," beginning at the iliopubic tract and ending at the inguinal ligament; as it passed through the tunnel, an enlargement in its side-to-side diameter was observed, suggesting that the fascial structures proximal to the inguinal ligament may be implicated in the genesis of lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia. The finding of pseudoneuromas at this location, distant from the inguinal ligament, supports this hypothesis. The anterior superior iliac spine is located approximately 0.7 cm from the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and serves as the bony landmark for nerve localization. Within the first 3 cm of leaving the pelvis, the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve was observed deep to the fascia lata; therefore, surgical dissection within the subcutaneous fascia may be conducted with relative impunity near the anterior superior iliac spine just inferior to the inguinal ligament. In 36% of cases there was no posterior branch of the nerve, which is correlated to lateral femoral cutaneous neuralgia symptoms often being limited to the anterior branch region. An accessory nerve was found in 30% of cases. PMID:12794914

  1. Placental Origins of Chronic Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Graham J; Fowden, Abigail L; Thornburg, Kent L

    2016-10-01

    Epidemiological evidence links an individual's susceptibility to chronic disease in adult life to events during their intrauterine phase of development. Biologically this should not be unexpected, for organ systems are at their most plastic when progenitor cells are proliferating and differentiating. Influences operating at this time can permanently affect their structure and functional capacity, and the activity of enzyme systems and endocrine axes. It is now appreciated that such effects lay the foundations for a diverse array of diseases that become manifest many years later, often in response to secondary environmental stressors. Fetal development is underpinned by the placenta, the organ that forms the interface between the fetus and its mother. All nutrients and oxygen reaching the fetus must pass through this organ. The placenta also has major endocrine functions, orchestrating maternal adaptations to pregnancy and mobilizing resources for fetal use. In addition, it acts as a selective barrier, creating a protective milieu by minimizing exposure of the fetus to maternal hormones, such as glucocorticoids, xenobiotics, pathogens, and parasites. The placenta shows a remarkable capacity to adapt to adverse environmental cues and lessen their impact on the fetus. However, if placental function is impaired, or its capacity to adapt is exceeded, then fetal development may be compromised. Here, we explore the complex relationships between the placental phenotype and developmental programming of chronic disease in the offspring. Ensuring optimal placentation offers a new approach to the prevention of disorders such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity, which are reaching epidemic proportions. PMID:27604528

  2. Experiments and analysis of lateral piezoresistance gauges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong, M.K.W.

    1993-07-01

    The response of lateral piezoresistance gauges to shock wave uniaxial strain loading has been examined in a combined experimental and calculational effort. Plate impact experiments provided lateral gauge data which were analyzed using quasi-static and dynamic inclusion analyses. Experimental data showed that the response of the lateral gauge output depended upon the matrix material and gauge emplacement method. The calculations indicated that these differences were due to complex gauge-matrix interactions. These interactions were influenced by the stress and strain distributions in and around the gauge, plasticity effects, properties of the gauge and matrix materials, and emplacement conditions.

  3. Lateral-deflection-controlled friction force microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuzawa, Kenji; Hamaoka, Satoshi; Shikida, Mitsuhiro; Itoh, Shintaro; Zhang, Hedong

    2014-08-01

    Lateral-deflection-controlled dual-axis friction force microscopy (FFM) is presented. In this method, an electrostatic force generated with a probe-incorporated micro-actuator compensates for friction force in real time during probe scanning using feedback control. This equivalently large rigidity can eliminate apparent boundary width and lateral snap-in, which are caused by lateral probe deflection. The method can evolve FFM as a method for quantifying local frictional properties on the micro/nanometer-scale by overcoming essential problems to dual-axis FFM.

  4. Cosmetic Lateral Canthoplasty: Lateral Canthoplasty to Lengthen the Lateral Canthal Angle and Correct the Outer Tail of the Eye.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Soo Wook; Yun, Byung Min

    2016-07-01

    There are many women who want larger and brighter eyes that will give a favorable impression. Surgical methods that make the eye larger and brighter include double eyelidplasty, epicanthoplasty, as well as lateral canthoplasty. Double eyelidplasty produces changes in the vertical dimension of the eyes, whereas epicanthoplasty and lateral canthoplasty create changes in the horizontal dimension of the eyes. Epicanthoplasty, a surgical procedure which enlarges the eye horizontally, is performed at the inner corner of the eye, whereas lateral canthoplasty enlarges the outer edge of the eye. In particular, if the slant of the palpebral fissure is raised and the horizontal dimension of the palpebral fissure is short, adjusting the slant of the palpebral fissure through lateral canthoplasty can achieve an enlargement of eye width and smoother features. Depending on the patient's condition, even better results can be achieved if this procedure is performed in conjunction with other procedures, such as double eyelidplasty, epicanthoplasty, eye roll formation surgery, fat graft, and facial bone contouring surgery. In this paper, the authors will introduce in detail their surgical method for a cosmetic lateral canthoplasty that lengthens the lateral canthal angle and corrects the outer tail of the eyes, in order to ease the unfavorable impression. PMID:27462564

  5. Cosmetic Lateral Canthoplasty: Lateral Canthoplasty to Lengthen the Lateral Canthal Angle and Correct the Outer Tail of the Eye

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Byung Min

    2016-01-01

    There are many women who want larger and brighter eyes that will give a favorable impression. Surgical methods that make the eye larger and brighter include double eyelidplasty, epicanthoplasty, as well as lateral canthoplasty. Double eyelidplasty produces changes in the vertical dimension of the eyes, whereas epicanthoplasty and lateral canthoplasty create changes in the horizontal dimension of the eyes. Epicanthoplasty, a surgical procedure which enlarges the eye horizontally, is performed at the inner corner of the eye, whereas lateral canthoplasty enlarges the outer edge of the eye. In particular, if the slant of the palpebral fissure is raised and the horizontal dimension of the palpebral fissure is short, adjusting the slant of the palpebral fissure through lateral canthoplasty can achieve an enlargement of eye width and smoother features. Depending on the patient's condition, even better results can be achieved if this procedure is performed in conjunction with other procedures, such as double eyelidplasty, epicanthoplasty, eye roll formation surgery, fat graft, and facial bone contouring surgery. In this paper, the authors will introduce in detail their surgical method for a cosmetic lateral canthoplasty that lengthens the lateral canthal angle and corrects the outer tail of the eyes, in order to ease the unfavorable impression. PMID:27462564

  6. Chronic penile strangulation

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Roberto I.; Silvia I Lopes; Roberto N. Lopes

    2003-01-01

    Chronic penile strangulation is exceedingly rare with only 5 cases previously reported. We report an additional case of progressive penile lymphedema due to chronic intermittent strangulation caused by a rubber band applied to the penile base for 6 years. A 49-year-old man presented incapacity to exteriorize the glans penis. For erotic purposes, he had been using a rubber-enlarging band placed in the penile base for 6 years. With chronic use, he noticed that his penis swelled. Physical examin...

  7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    OpenAIRE

    NR Anthonisen

    2007-01-01

    The global prevalence of physiologically defined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults aged >40 yr is approximately 9-10 per cent. Recently, the Indian Study on Epidemiology of Asthma, Respiratory Symptoms and Chronic Bronchitis in Adults had shown that the overall prevalence of chronic bronchitis in adults >35 yr is 3.49 per cent. The development of COPD is multifactorial and the risk factors of COPD include genetic and environmental factors. Pathological changes in COPD are...

  8. Medial and Lateral Plantar Nerve Entrapment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Foot Problems Overview of Foot Problems Achilles Tendon Bursitis Achilles Tendon Enthesopathy Bunion Corns and Calluses Damage ... the Foot Freiberg Disease Hammer Toe Inferior Calcaneal Bursitis Medial and Lateral Plantar Nerve Entrapment Metatarsal Joint ...

  9. Pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations of footbridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingólfsson, Einar Thór

    few national and international codes of practice and official design guidelines currently exist to help the designer address this issue. Most of these are based on the main hypothesis, that pedestrian-induced lateral loads can be modelled as velocity proportional or as negative dampers, resulting from...... sufficient experimental evidence to support their applicability. Especially, the importance of human-structure synchronisation for the development of large footbridge vibrations is questionable. Therefore, an extensive experimental campaign has been carried out to determine the lateral forces generated...... by pedestrians during walking on a laterally moving treadmill. Two different conditions are investigated; initially the treadmill is fixed and then it is laterally driven in a sinusoidal motion at varying combinations of frequencies (0.33 – 1.07 Hz) and amplitudes (4.5 – 48mm). The experimental campaign involved...

  10. Teen Obesity May Mean Liver Disease Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_159416.html Teen Obesity May Mean Liver Disease Later Study found risk ... Overweight is defined as a BMI above 25. Obesity is defined as a BMI above 30, according ...

  11. Lateral power transistors in integrated circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Erlbacher, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    This book details and compares recent advancements in the development of novel lateral power transistors (LDMOS devices) for integrated circuits in power electronic applications. It includes the state-of-the-art concept of double-acting RESURF topologies.

  12. Teen Obesity May Mean Liver Disease Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159416.html Teen Obesity May Mean Liver Disease Later Study found risk ... Overweight is defined as a BMI above 25. Obesity is defined as a BMI above 30, according ...

  13. The National Report--Five Years Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Six theme articles assess the impact five years later of the National Academy of Sciences report, "Understanding Agriculture." Topics discussed include strategic planning, agricultural education's mission, teacher education, policy research needs, and agricultural literacy. (SK)

  14. LATERAL LOAD ANALYSIS OF HIGH RISE STRUCTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ADITYA .S. RAMDASI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available High rise building can be one that by virtue of its height is affected by lateral forces due to Wind and Earthquake or sometimes both. Therefore it becomes necessary to consider the effects of lateral loads induced from wind and earthquake in design of high rise structures. The objective of this paper is to assess comparative effects of lateral loads like wind and earthquake. For this purpose, typical multistory buildings of different heights are chosen in predominant wind zone. Here the Base Shear and storey displacements are compared for both the lateral loads for buildings with G+11, G+15, and G+21 story’s with and without Shear wall using software’s

  15. Genetics Home Reference: juvenile primary lateral sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources (3 links) Motor Neurone Disease Association (UK) Muscular Dystrophy Association National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) GeneReviews (1 link) ALS2-Related Disorders Genetic Testing Registry (1 link) Juvenile primary lateral sclerosis ...

  16. Upper blepharoplasty and lateral wound dehiscence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: In the presence of wound tension on skin closure (intraoperative assessment, tension relieving buried orbicularis/subcutaneous 6-0 polyglactin suturing of the lateral UB incision could prevent LWD.

  17. Introduction to Single Piles under Lateral Loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Augustesen, Anders; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    The purpose of this chapter is to give a short introduction to single piles subjected to lateral loading. First, the observed behaviour of laterally loaded piles is described, i.e. the effects of loading conditions, installation procedure, pile type etc. on pile behaviour are presented (section 1.......2). The description is based on results of laboratory tests, full-scale field tests as well as numerical investigations presented in literature. Second, general methods that attempt to model lateral pile response are discussed in section 1.4. Third, focus is paid to a widely used method for prediction of the response...... of a lateral loaded pile, namely the Winkler approach in which the pile is modelled as an elastic beam on an elastic foundation (section 1.5). The soil response and thereby the elastic foundation is represented by springs with nonlinear behaviour (p-y curves). In section 1.6 different types and formulations...

  18. Wnt Signaling is Altered by Spinal Cord Neuronal Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Transgenic Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Li; Guan, Yingjun; Wu, Xin; Chen, Yanchun; Liu, Zhijun; Du, Hongmei; wang, xin

    2013-01-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in the cortex, brainstem, and spinal cord. The etiology and mechanisms of selective motor neuron loss in ALS remain unknown. Wnt signaling is involved in neurodegenerative processes but little is known about the kinetic changes in Wnt signaling during ALS progression. In this study we used transcriptional microarray analysis to examine the expression of Wnt...

  19. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Presenting Respiratory Failure as the Sole Initial Manifestation

    OpenAIRE

    Tateno, Fuyuki; Sakakibara, Ryuji; Kawashima, Kengo; Kishi, Masahiko; Tsuyusaki, Yohei; Aiba, Yosuke; Ogata, Tsuyoshi

    2014-01-01

    It is rare that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) presents with respiratory failure as the sole initial manifestation. A 72-year-old man with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease developed exertional dyspnea for 13 months. He then progressed to limb weakness that led to the diagnosis of ALS. Although rare, ALS can present with respiratory failure as the sole initial manifestation more than 1 year prior to limb weakness.

  20. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Presenting Respiratory Failure as the Sole Initial Manifestation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuyuki Tateno

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It is rare that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS presents with respiratory failure as the sole initial manifestation. A 72-year-old man with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease developed exertional dyspnea for 13 months. He then progressed to limb weakness that led to the diagnosis of ALS. Although rare, ALS can present with respiratory failure as the sole initial manifestation more than 1 year prior to limb weakness.

  1. Discoid lateral meniscus and its arthroscopic treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Asik, Mehmet; Sen, Cengiz; Dikici, Fatih; Sozen, Yunus V.; Taser, Omer F.; Alturfan, Aziz

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: We evaluated the results of arthroscopic meniscectomy in patients with lateral discoid menisci of the knee. Methods: Lateral discoid menisci were documented in 274 patients, of whom 183 patients (110 males, 73 females; mean age 34.8 years; range 6-67 years) were clinically and arthroscopically found to be symptomatic and underwent total, subtotal, or partial meniscectomy. The most common complaints were pain, lurch, feeling of giving way, locking, limited extension, and marked ...

  2. Lateral phase separation of confined membranes

    OpenAIRE

    Asfaw, Mesfin

    2010-01-01

    We consider membranes interacting via short, intermediate and long stickers. The effects of the intermediate stickers on the lateral phase separation of the membranes are studied via mean-field approximation. The critical potential depth of the stickers increases in the presence of the intermediate sticker. The lateral phase separation of the membrane thus suppressed by the intermediate stickers. Considering membranes interacting with short and long stickers, the effect of confinement on the ...

  3. C-reactive protein and later preeclampsia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rebelo, Fernanda; Schlüssel, Michael M; Vaz, Juliana S;

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to determine whether high C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration during pregnancy is associated with later preeclampsia and whether weight status (BMI) is a potential modifier of the relation between CRP and preeclampsia.......This study aims to determine whether high C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration during pregnancy is associated with later preeclampsia and whether weight status (BMI) is a potential modifier of the relation between CRP and preeclampsia....

  4. Lateral sacral lipomyelomeningocele : a rare anomaly.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shetty D

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Lateral sacral lipomyelomeningocele is a rare spinal developmental anomaly. In the case under report, the fat attached to the neural placode was blending with the gluteal fat externally. The cord was tethered at this level. Multiple bony anomalies and diastematomyelia were associated findings. A case of lateral sacral lipomyelomeningocele with excellent imaging detail provided by the multiplanar magnetic resonance (MR scan is reported.

  5. Lateral shear interferometry with holo shear lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joenathan, C.; Mohanty, R. K.; Sirohi, R. S.

    1984-12-01

    A simple method for obtaining lateral shear using holo shear lenses (HSL) has been discussed. This simple device which produces lateral shears in the orthogonal directions has been used for lens testing. The holo shear lens is placed at or near the focus of the lens to be tested. It has also been shown that HSL can be used in speckle shear interferometry as it performs both the functions of shearing and imaging.

  6. Brain and behavioural lateralization in invertebrates.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa eFrasnelli

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally, only humans were thought to exhibit brain and behavioural asymmetries, but several studies have revealed that most vertebrates are also lateralized. Recently, evidence of left-right asymmetries in invertebrates has begun to emerge, suggesting that lateralization of the nervous system may be a feature of simpler brains as well as more complex ones. Here I present some examples in invertebrates of sensory and motor asymmetries, as well as asymmetries in the nervous system. I illustrate two cases where an asymmetric brain is crucial for the development of some cognitive abilities. The first case is the nematode C. elegans, which has asymmetric odour sensory neurons and taste perception neurons. In this worm left/right asymmetries are responsible for the sensing of a substantial number of salt ions, and lateralized responses to salt allow the worm to discriminate between distinct salt ions. The second case is the fruit fly D. melanogaster, where the presence of asymmetry in a particular structure of the brain is important in the formation or retrieval of long-term memory. Moreover, I distinguish two distinct patterns of lateralization that occur in both vertebrates and invertebrates: individual-level and population-level lateralization. Theoretical models on the evolution of lateralization suggest that the alignment of lateralization at the population level may have evolved as an evolutionary stable strategy in which individually-asymmetrical organisms must coordinate their behaviour with that of other asymmetrical organisms. This implies that lateralization at the population-level is more likely to have evolved in social rather than in solitary species. I evaluate this new hypothesis with specific focus on insects showing different level of sociality. In particular, I present a series of studies on antennal asymmetries in honeybees and other related species of bees, showing how insects may be extremely useful to test evolutionary

  7. Laterality enhances cognition in Australian parrots

    OpenAIRE

    Magat, Maria; Brown, Culum

    2009-01-01

    Cerebral lateralization refers to the division of information processing in either hemisphere of the brain and is a ubiquitous trait among vertebrates and invertebrates. Given its widespread occurrence, it is likely that cerebral lateralization confers a fitness advantage. It has been hypothesized that this advantage takes the form of enhanced cognitive function, potentially via a dual processing mechanism whereby each hemisphere can be used to process specific types of information without co...

  8. Social Determinants of Depression in Later Life

    OpenAIRE

    Schaan, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation thesis adds to the understanding of the social etiology of depression in later life from a theory based, empirical perspective. By means of three different research questions, the essays of this dissertation shed light on the social causes of depression from different angles: the associations between widowhood and depression as well as retirement and depression are used as examples for the impact of critical life events on mental health in later life. A third research que...

  9. Numerical Modeling of Laterally Loaded Piles

    OpenAIRE

    S. T. Kok; B. B.k. Huat

    2008-01-01

    Design of laterally loaded piles due to soil movement relies on a number of theoretical and numerical approaches. However, the magnitude of soil movement is difficult to estimate with reasonable confidence and accuracy. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) offers an excellent alternative to study pile-soil interaction and piles response under lateral loading due to soil movement. This research presents published analytical results and case history modeled in a 2D finite element environment in the ca...

  10. Chronic Pain and PTSD: A Guide for Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PTSD Basics Return from War Specific to Women Types of Trauma War Terrorism Violence and Abuse Disasters Is it PTSD? Treatment and Coping Treatment ... even worse. Survivors of physical, psychological, or sexual abuse tend to be ... developing certain types of chronic pain later in their lives. Date ...

  11. Laterality enhances cognition in Australian parrots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magat, Maria; Brown, Culum

    2009-12-01

    Cerebral lateralization refers to the division of information processing in either hemisphere of the brain and is a ubiquitous trait among vertebrates and invertebrates. Given its widespread occurrence, it is likely that cerebral lateralization confers a fitness advantage. It has been hypothesized that this advantage takes the form of enhanced cognitive function, potentially via a dual processing mechanism whereby each hemisphere can be used to process specific types of information without contralateral interference. Here, we examined the influence of lateralization on problem solving by Australian parrots. The first task, a pebble-seed discrimination test, was designed for small parrot species that feed predominately on small seeds, which do not require any significant manipulation with the foot prior to ingestion. The second task, a string-pull problem, was designed for larger bodied species that regularly use their feet to manipulate food objects. In both cases, strongly lateralized individuals (those showing significant foot and eye biases) outperformed less strongly lateralized individuals, and this relationship was substantially stronger in the more demanding task. These results suggest that cerebral lateralization is a ubiquitous trait among Australian parrots and conveys a significant foraging advantage. Our results provide strong support for the enhanced cognitive function hypothesis.

  12. Chronic diseases in adolescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rončević Nevenka

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The prevalence of chronic diseases in adolescence is constantly increasing, especially in the last two decades. Adolescence is a period of important changes: body growth and development, sexual development, development of cognitive abilities, change in family relations and between peers, formation of personal identity and personal system of values, making decisions on future occupation etc. Chronic diseases in adolescence. Chronic disorders affect all development issues and represent an additional burden for adolescents. The interaction between chronic disorders and various development issues is complex and two-way: the disease may affect development, and development may affect the disease. Developmental, psychosocial and family factors are of great importance in the treatment of adolescents with chronic disorders. Chronic disorders affect all aspects of adolescent life, including relations with peers, school, nutrition, learning, traveling, entertainment, choice of occupation, plans for the future. Physicians should keep in mind that chronic diseases and their treatment represent only one aspect of person's life. Adolescents with chronic diseases have other needs as well, personal priorities, social roles and they expect these needs to be recognized and respected. Adolescent health care should be adjusted to the life style of adolescents.

  13. Managing your chronic pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your chronic back pain To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Managing chronic pain means finding ways to make your back pain tolerable so you can live your life. You may not be able to ...

  14. Chronic gastritis - an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varbanova, Mariya; Frauenschläger, Katrin; Malfertheiner, Peter

    2014-12-01

    Helicobacter pylori is the main aetiologic factor for chronic gastritis worldwide. The degree of inflammation and the evolution of this form of chronic gastritis can vary largely depending on bacterial virulence factors, host susceptibility factors and environmental conditions. Autoimmune gastritis is another cause of chronic inflammation in the stomach, which can occur in all age groups. This disease presents typically with vitamin B12 deficiency and pernicious anaemia. The presence of anti-parietal cell antibodies is highly specific for the diagnosis. The role of H. pylori as a trigger for autoimmune gastritis remains uncertain. Other rare conditions for chronic gastritis are chronic inflammatory conditions such as Crohn's disease or on the background of lymphocytic or collagenous gastroenteropathies. PMID:25439069

  15. [Chronic migraine: treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual, Julio

    2012-04-10

    We define chronic migraine as that clinical situation in which migraine attacks appear 15 or more days per month. Until recently, and in spite of its negative impact, patients with chronic migraine were excluded of the clinical trials. This manuscript revises the current treatment of chronic migraine. The first step should include the avoidance of potential precipitating/aggravating factors for chronic migraine, mainly analgesic overuse and the treatment of comorbid disorders, such as anxiety and depression. The symptomatic treatment should be based on the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and triptans (in this case ergotamine-containing medications. Preventive treatment includes a 'transitional' treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents or steroids, while preventive treatment exerts its actions. Even though those medications efficacious in episodic migraine prevention are used, the only drugs with demonstrated efficacy in the preventive treatment of chronic migraine are topiramate and pericranial infiltrations of Onabotulinumtoxin A. PMID:22532241

  16. Absence of lateral palpebral raphe in Caucasians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Goold

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Lucy Goold1, Hirohiko Kakizaki1,2,3, Raman Malhotra3, Dinesh Selva11South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and Discipline of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Adelaide, Australia; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan; 3Corneoplastic Unit and Eye Bank, Queen Victoria Hospital NHS Trust, East Grinstead, West Sussex, United KingdomAbstract: Classical anatomical teaching reports the presence of the lateral palpebral raphe formed at the union in the preseptal and orbital parts of the orbicularis oculi muscle, or by the tendon adhering these to the underlying zygomatic bone. The lateral palpebral raphe has been shown to be absent in Asian cadavers. The current study uses both evidence from the anatomical dissection of five eyelids from three Caucasian cadavers, and histological assessment of the lateral canthus of 13 eyelids from seven Caucasian cadavers to illustrate the absence of the lateral palpebral raphe in Caucasian population.Keywords: lateral palpebral raphe, orbicularis oculi muscle, Caucasian, cadavers

  17. Lateral laryngopharyngeal diverticulum: anatomical and videofluoroscopic study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Milton Melciades Barbosa [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro ICB/CCS/UFRJ, Laboratorio de Motilidade Digestiva e Imagem, S. F1-008, Departamento de Anatomia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Koch, Hilton Augusto [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro ICB/CCS/UFRJ, Departamento de Radiologia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    The aims were to characterize the anatomical region where the lateral laryngopharyngeal protrusion occurs and to define if this protrusion is a normal or a pathological entity. This protrusion was observed on frontal contrasted radiographs as an addition image on the upper portion of the laryngopharynx. We carried out a plane-by-plane qualitative anatomical study through macroscopic and mesoscopic surgical dissection on 12 pieces and analyzed through a videofluoroscopic method on frontal incidence the pharyngeal phase of the swallowing process of 33 patients who had a lateral laryngopharyngeal protrusion. The anatomical study allowed us to identify the morphological characteristics that configure the high portion of the piriform recess as a weak anatomical point. The videofluoroscopic study allowed us to observe the laryngopharyngeal protrusion and its relation to pharyngeal repletion of the contrast medium. All kinds of the observed protrusions could be classified as ''lateral laryngopharyngeal diverticula.'' The lateral diverticula were more frequent in older people. These lateral protrusions can be found on one or both sides, usually with a small volume, without sex or side prevalence. This formation is probably a sign of a pharyngeal transference difficulty associated with a deficient tissue resistance in the weak anatomical point of the high portion of the piriform recess. (orig.)

  18. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... People About NINDS NINDS Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump ... en Español What is Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)? Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a neurological ...

  19. Stages of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Chronic ...

  20. Stages of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Chronic ...

  1. EAS thermal neutron lateral and temporal distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Stenkin, Yu V; Petrukhin, A A; Shchegolev, O B; Stepanov, V I; Volchenko, V I; Yashin, I I; Zadeba, E A

    2015-01-01

    A novel type of EAS array (PRISMA-32) has been constructed on the base of NEVOD-DECOR experiment (MEPhI,Moscow) and is now taking data. It consists of 32 specially designed scintillator en-detectors able to measure two main EAS components: hadrons (n) and electrons (e). First results on thermal neutron lateral as well as temporal distributions are presented. Obtained exponential neutron lateral distributions are consistent with that expected for normal hadron production with exponential transverse momentum distribution. As there are no other experimental data on thermal neutron distributions and so, to compare results with other measurements, we additionally obtained electron lateral distribution function (using the same detectors) and compared it with NKG - function. Recorded neutron temporal distributions are very close to that obtained with data of our previous prototypes.

  2. Pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations of footbridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingólfsson, Einar Thór; Georgakis, Christos T.; Jönsson, Jeppe

    2012-01-01

    The earliest scientific descriptions of excessive pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations are dated back to the 1970s, but it was not until the beginning of the new millennium that bridge engineers fully comprehended the potential negative effect of pedestrian crowds on long-span footbridges...... of studies related to pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations of footbridges is provided, primarily focusing on studies published within the last decade. Research in this field can generally be split into three categories; (i) fullscale testing of existing bridges subject to crowd loading, (ii) laboratory...... studies on human-structure interaction between single pedestrians and laterally moving platforms and (iii) mathematical modelling of the pedestrian-induced load. It is shown herein, that a significant amount of research has been carried out within each of the three categories, but there is only limited...

  3. Anisotropic permeability in deterministic lateral displacement arrays

    CERN Document Server

    Vernekar, Rohan; Loutherback, Kevin; Morton, Keith; Inglis, David

    2016-01-01

    We investigate anisotropic permeability of microfluidic deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) arrays. A DLD array can achieve high-resolution bimodal size-based separation of micro-particles, including bioparticles such as cells. Correct operation requires that the fluid flow remains at a fixed angle with respect to the periodic obstacle array. We show via experiments and lattice-Boltzmann simulations that subtle array design features cause anisotropic permeability. The anisotropy, which indicates the array's intrinsic tendency to induce an undesired lateral pressure gradient, can lead to off-axis flows and therefore local changes in the critical separation size. Thus, particle trajectories can become unpredictable and the device useless for the desired separation duty. We show that for circular posts the rotated-square layout, unlike the parallelogram layout, does not suffer from anisotropy and is the preferred geometry. Furthermore, anisotropy becomes severe for arrays with unequal axial and lateral gaps...

  4. Lateral angle and cranial base sexual dimorphism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duquesnel Mana, Mathilde; Adalian, Pascal; Lynnerup, Niels

    2016-01-01

    SUMMARY: Previous studies have yielded very different results in sex estimation based on measurements of the lateral angle (LA) of the temporal bone. The purpose of this study was to, first, investigate if the bad results obtained by the LA method could be due to the methodology and then, second......, to examine sexual dimorphism in the relationship between the lateral angle and cranial base shape. The lateral angle method was tested using a forensic sample of 102 CT scans of the head with known sex. We measured the angle using two methods: measurements directly on the CT slide, the method usually applied......, and by use of a new method, using a "virtual cast". The cranial base was quantified by placing 12 landmarks in the posterior fossa. Procrustes analysis, principal component analysis, discriminant analysis and cross-validation test were performed. The "cast method" was found to be less accurate than...

  5. Coronaire hartziekten, steeds later en vaker chronisch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopman, Carla; Bots, Michiel L.; Van Dis, Ineke; Vaartjes, Ilonca

    2015-01-01

    Background To identify ageand genderspecific trends in hospital admissions due to acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina and chronic coronary heart disease in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2007. Design Recordlinkage cohort study. Method By linking data from the population register to the na

  6. Realtime vision-based lateral drift correction

    OpenAIRE

    Hübner, T; Pajarola, R.

    2009-01-01

    A major drawback in many robotics projects is the dependance on a specific environment and the otherwise uncertain behavior of the hardware. Simple navigation tasks like driving in a straight line can lead to a strong lateral drift over time in an unknown environment. In this paper we propose a fast and simple solution for the lateral drift problem for vision guided robots by real-time scene analysis. Without an environment-specific calibration of the robot’s drive system, we balance the ...

  7. Conservation as a ‘Later Addition’

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Peters

    2002-01-01

    This paper contends that conservation is not a neutral process and plays a part in the history of the object under treatment. As such, conservation always involves changes in the physical fabric of the object and/or in its cultural significance. These changes are referred to here as ‘later additions’, and discussed within the framework of some issues related to conservation practice and theory. It is argued that conservators should be reflexive in their analysis and treatment of ‘later additi...

  8. Mitek Suspension of the Lateral Nasal Wall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, James R; Hamilton, Grant S

    2016-02-01

    The nasal valve has long been described as the anatomical boundary most likely to inhibit nasal airflow and lead to subsequent nasal obstruction. Although many procedures can address this area to improve the nasal airway, for over 20 years, suture lateralization of the external nasal valve has been described as a minimally invasive technique that can improve nasal breathing. We report our modification of the standard technique in which we lateralize the placement of the bone-anchored suture and incorporate Gore-Tex within the nasal vestibular incision to prevent tissue migration. PMID:26862966

  9. Angiosarcoma after excisional surgery for chronic lymphedema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joh, Jin Hyun; Lee, Byung-Boong; Chun, Young Soo; Chung, Weon Kuu; Lee, Ha Yeon

    2016-07-01

    Angiosarcoma is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of endothelial cell origin. It can arise from the endothelium of lymphatics (lymphangiosarcoma) or blood vessels (hemangiosarcoma). Chronic lymphedema of any origin is associated with its development. Few cases have been reported after surgical procedures for lymphedema. Here, we report one case of angiosarcoma that developed 15 months after excisional surgery for lymphedema. In spite of radical surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, the patient died of multiple lung metastases and pleural effusion 13 months later. PMID:27318054

  10. Chronicity and control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whyte, Susan Reynolds

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a way of framing the study of ‘noncommunicable diseases’ within the more general area of chronic conditions. Focusing on Africa, it takes as points of departure the situation in Uganda, and the approach to health issues developed by a group of European and African colleagues...... over the years. It suggests a pragmatic analysis that places people's perceptions and practices within a field of possibilities shaped by policy, health care systems, and life conditions. In this field, the dimensions of chronicity and control are the distinctive analytical issues. They lead...... on to consideration of patterns of sociality related to chronic conditions and their treatment....

  11. Short-term evaluation of arthroscopic management of tennis elbow; including resection of radio-capitellar capsular complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaqi, AbdulRahman A.; Kotb, Mohammed M.; Said, Hatem G.; AbdelHamid, Mohamed M.; ElKady, Hesham A.; ElAssal, Maher A.

    2014-01-01

    Background There has been controversy regarding the pathogenesis and treatment of lateral epicondylitis. Different surgical techniques for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis prescribed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of arthroscopic management including resection of the radio-capitellar capsular complex, using different validated scores. Methods In this study, arthroscopic resection of a capsular fringe complex was done beside debridement of the undersurface of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB). Thirty-one patients with recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis for a minimum of 6 months had surgery. In all patients, a collar-like band of radio-capitellar capsular complex was found to impinge on the radial head and subluxate into the radio-capitellar joint with manipulation under direct vision. Outcomes were assessed using Mayo Elbow Performance Index (MEPI), the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE), and the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH), beside visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and satisfaction criteria. Results After arthroscopic surgery, overall satisfaction was extremely positive, over the 31 patients, 93.5% of the patients are satisfied. The mean score for pain improved from 8.64 to 1.48 points. The total PRTEE improved from 55.53 to 10.39 points. The mean MEPI score was improved from 61.82 to 94.10 points. DASH score also improved from 24.46 to 4.81 points. All improvements are statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion Arthroscopic release of ECRB in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis is a reproducible method with a marked improvement in function within a short period, with special consideration for resection of radio-capitellar capsular complex. PMID:25104891

  12. Lateral force transmission between human tendon fascicles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haraldsson, Bjarki T; Aagaard, Per; Qvortrup, Klaus;

    2008-01-01

    Whether adjacent collagen fascicles transmit force in parallel is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to examine the magnitude of lateral force transmission between adjacent collagen fascicles from the human patellar and Achilles tendon. From each sample two adjacent strands of fascicle...

  13. Lateral Transpsoas Fusion: Indications and Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishal C. Patel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Spinal fusion historically has been used extensively, and, recently, the lateral transpsoas approach to the thoracic and lumbar spine has become an increasingly common method to achieve fusion. Recent literature on this approach has elucidated its advantage over more traditional anterior and posterior approaches, which include a smaller tissue dissection, potentially lower blood loss, no need for an access surgeon, and a shorter hospital stay. Indications for the procedure have now expanded to include degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, degenerative scoliosis, nonunion, trauma, infection, and low-grade spondylolisthesis. Lateral interbody fusion has a similar if not lower rate of complications compared to traditional anterior and posterior approaches to interbody fusion. However, lateral interbody fusion has unique complications that include transient neurologic symptoms, motor deficits, and neural injuries that range from 1 to 60% in the literature. Additional studies are required to further evaluate and monitor the short- and long-term safety, efficacy, outcomes, and complications of lateral transpsoas procedures.

  14. Lateral pressure profiles in lipid monolayers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baoukina, Svetlana; Marrink, Siewert J.; Tieleman, D. Peter

    2010-01-01

    We have used molecular dynamics simulations with coarse-grained and atomistic models to study the lateral pressure profiles in lipid monolayers. We first consider simple oil/air and oil/water interfaces, and then proceed to lipid monolayers at air/water and oil/water interfaces. The results are qual

  15. [Upper lateral incisor with 2 canals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabra Campos, H

    1991-01-01

    Clinical case summary of the patient with an upper lateral incisor with two root canals. The suspicion that there might be an anatomic anomaly in the root that includes a complex root canal system was made when an advanced radicular groove was detected in the lingual surface or an excessively enlarged cingulum. PMID:1659854

  16. Motorcycle state estimation for lateral dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teerhuis, A.P.; Jansen, S.T.H.

    2012-01-01

    The motorcycle lean (or roll) angle development is one of the main characteristics of motorcycle lateral dynamics. Control of motorcycle motions requires an accurate assessment of this quantity and for safety applications also the risk of sliding needs to be considered. Direct measurement of the rol

  17. Protein aggregation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blokhuis, Anna M.; Groen, Ewout J. N.; Koppers, Max; van den Berg, Leonard H.; Pasterkamp, R. Jeroen

    2013-01-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the aggregation of ubiquitinated proteins in affected motor neurons. Recent studies have identified several new molecular constituents of ALS-linked cellular aggregates, including FUS, TDP-43, OPTN, UBQLN2 and the tr

  18. Rates of Lateral Gene Transfer in Prokaryotes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, Michiel; Hesselman, M.C.; Beek, te T.A.; Passel, van M.W.J.; Eyre-Walker, Adam

    2015-01-01

    Lateral gene transfer is of fundamental importance to the evolution of prokaryote genomes and has important practical consequences, as evidenced by the rapid dissemination of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants. Relatively little effort has so far been devoted to explicitly quantifyi

  19. Complexity of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Blitterswijk, M.M.

    2012-01-01

    Each year approximately 400 patients are diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in The Netherlands.Thesepatients are ~65 years of age at time of diagnosis.They develop progressive muscleweakness, frequently affecting their arms, legs and trunk, but also muscles involved in speech, swallo

  20. [Upper lateral incisor with 2 canals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabra Campos, H

    1991-01-01

    Clinical case summary of the patient with an upper lateral incisor with two root canals. The suspicion that there might be an anatomic anomaly in the root that includes a complex root canal system was made when an advanced radicular groove was detected in the lingual surface or an excessively enlarged cingulum.

  1. Clinical psychology and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Pagnini

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a fatal and progressive disease, characterized by progressive muscles weakness, with consequent loss of physical capacities. Psychologists can play an important role in ALS care, by providing clinical activities in every step of the disease, including support and counseling activities directed to patients, their caregivers and to physicians.

  2. Religious Attendance and Loneliness in Later Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rote, Sunshine; Hill, Terrence D.; Ellison, Christopher G.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: Studies show that loneliness is a major risk factor for health issues in later life. Although research suggests that religious involvement can protect against loneliness, explanations for this general pattern are underdeveloped and undertested. In this paper, we propose and test a theoretical model, which suggests that social…

  3. MEPHISTO spectromicroscope reaches 20 nm lateral resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Stasio, Gelsomina; Perfetti, Luca; Gilbert, B.; Fauchoux, O.; Capozi, M.; Perfetti, P.; Margaritondo, G.; Tonner, B. P.

    1999-03-01

    The recently described tests of the synchrotron imaging photoelectron spectromicroscope MEPHISTO (Microscope à Emission de PHotoélectrons par Illumination Synchrotronique de Type Onduleur) were complemented by further resolution improvements and tests, which brought the lateral resolution down to 20 nm. Images and line plot profiles demonstrate such performance.

  4. 33 CFR 62.25 - Lateral marks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Lateral marks define the port and starboard sides of a route to be followed. They may be either beacons or.... Beacons have green square daymarks, while buoys are green can or pillar buoys. (2) Starboard hand marks indicate the right side of channels when proceeding in the Conventional Direction of Buoyage. Beacons...

  5. Clinical Psychology and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    OpenAIRE

    Pagnini, Francesco; Rossi, Gabriella; Lunetta, Christian; Banfi, Paolo; CORBO, Massimo

    2010-01-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal and progressive disease, characterized by progressive muscles weakness, with consequent loss of physical capacities. Psychologists can play an important role in ALS care, by providing clinical activities in every step of the disease, including support and counseling activities directed to patients, their caregivers and to physicians.

  6. [Importance of artificial nutrition in the resolution and etiologic diagnosis of severe chronic diarrhea: a propos of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrieta, F J; Gómez, F J; Aragón, C; Rueda, A; Balsa, J A; Zamarrón, I; Carrero, C; Botella Carretero, J I; Montalbán, C; Vázquez, C

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of severe chronic diarrhea requiring parenteral nutritional support to both cover the nutritional needs and allow for intestinal rest for later adaptation to enteral nutrition, altogether allowing for the etiologic diagnosis and disease healing.

  7. Lateral organic photodetectors for imaging applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafique, Umar; Karim, Karim S.

    2011-03-01

    Organic semiconductor detectors have always been in active research interest of researchers due to its low fabrication cost. Vertical organic detectors have been studied in the past but not much of the works have been done on lateral organic detectors. The lateral design has an advantage over the vertical design that it is easy to fabricate and can be easily integrated with the backplane TFT imager circuit. Integrating an organic photodetectors with TFT imager can improve the over all sensitivity of the imager. However the lateral design limits the fill-factor. Here in our work we propose a new bilayered lateral organic photodetectors with Copper-Phthalocyanine (CUPC) as top and Perylene- Tetracarboxylic Bis- Benzimidazole (PTCBI) as the bottom layer organic material. The bottom organic semiconductor layer work as both, charge transport layer and photon absorption layer. The top and bottom layer provides and heterojunction a potential gradient enough to separate the photo generated excitons in to electrons and holes. The incident photons are absorbed in the two layers active layers giving an exciton. These excitons see a potential barrier at the CUPC-PTCBI heterojunction and separated into holes and electrons. The separated electrons are directed by the external applied electric field and thus give a increase in photocurrent. Lateral organic photodetectors are simple to design and have low dark current. The photo-response of these photo detectors is observed approximately three orders higher in magnitude compare able to its dark response. The dual layer has an advantage of tuning the devices for different absorption wavelengths and were observed more stable comparable to vertical devices.

  8. Chronic Condition Data Warehouse

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CMS Chronic Condition Data Warehouse (CCW) provides researchers with Medicare and Medicaid beneficiary, claims, and assessment data linked by beneficiary across...

  9. Sleep and Chronic Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Sleep About Us About Sleep Key Sleep Disorders Sleep ... Sheets Data & Statistics Projects and Partners Resources Events Sleep and Chronic Disease Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ...

  10. What Is Chronic Pain?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Contact Us Shop FAQs The Art of Pain Management Resources Going to the ER Glossary Surveys What We Have Learned Communication Tools Videos Pain Management Programs Resource Guide to Chronic Pain Treatments Pain ...

  11. What Is Chronic Pain?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Already a member? Log In or Sign Up Home About Us Support the ACPA Contact Us Shop ... for Understanding Pain September is Pain Awareness Month Home Pain Management Tools Videos What Is Chronic Pain? ...

  12. What Is Chronic Pain?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... chronic pain there may be no apparent physical injury or illness to explain it. The physician and ... expected period of healing for an illness or injury. You can experience pain even if you are ...

  13. Chronic rhinosinusitis pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Whitney W; Lee, Robert J; Schleimer, Robert P; Cohen, Noam A

    2015-12-01

    There are a variety of medical conditions associated with chronic sinonasal inflammation, including chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and cystic fibrosis. In particular, CRS can be divided into 2 major subgroups based on whether nasal polyps are present or absent. Unfortunately, clinical treatment strategies for patients with chronic sinonasal inflammation are limited, in part because the underlying mechanisms contributing to disease pathology are heterogeneous and not entirely known. It is hypothesized that alterations in mucociliary clearance, abnormalities in the sinonasal epithelial cell barrier, and tissue remodeling all contribute to the chronic inflammatory and tissue-deforming processes characteristic of CRS. Additionally, the host innate and adaptive immune responses are also significantly activated and might be involved in pathogenesis. Recent advancements in the understanding of CRS pathogenesis are highlighted in this review, with special focus placed on the roles of epithelial cells and the host immune response in patients with cystic fibrosis, CRS without nasal polyps, or CRS with nasal polyps. PMID:26654193

  14. Chronic penile strangulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes Roberto I

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic penile strangulation is exceedingly rare with only 5 cases previously reported. We report an additional case of progressive penile lymphedema due to chronic intermittent strangulation caused by a rubber band applied to the penile base for 6 years. A 49-year-old man presented incapacity to exteriorize the glans penis. For erotic purposes, he had been using a rubber-enlarging band placed in the penile base for 6 years. With chronic use, he noticed that his penis swelled. Physical examination revealed lymphedema of the penis, phimosis and a stricture in the penile base. The patient was submitted to circumcision and the lymphedema remained stable 10 months postoperatively. Chronic penile incarceration usually causes penile lymphedema and urinary disturbance. Treatment consists of removal of foreign devices and surgical treatment of lymphedema.

  15. Chronic Conditions Dashboard

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CMS Chronic Conditions Dashboard presents statistical views of information on the prevalence, utilization and Medicare spending for Medicare beneficiaries with...

  16. What Is Chronic Pain?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... after a period of time the spinal cord has changed, after a period of time there are ... absence of an apparent cause. But chronic pain has a physiological or neurological basis even when we ...

  17. Chronic Kidney Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. Their main job is to filter wastes and excess water out of ... help control blood pressure, and make hormones. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged ...

  18. Chronic Conditions Chartbook

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Chronic Conditions among Medicare Beneficiaries is a chartbook prepared by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and created to provide an overview of...

  19. What Is Chronic Pain?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Programs Resource Guide to Chronic Pain Treatments Pain Awareness Toolkits Partners for Understanding Pain September is Pain Awareness Month Home Pain Management Tools Videos What Is ...

  20. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disorder that causes extreme fatigue. This fatigue is not the kind of tired feeling that ... activities. The main symptom of CFS is severe fatigue that lasts for 6 months or more. You ...

  1. Chronic dysimmune neuropathies: Beyond chronic demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadilkar Satish

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The spectrum of chronic dysimmune neuropathies has widened well beyond chronic demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP. Pure motor (multifocal motor neuropathy, sensorimotor with asymmetrical involvement (multifocal acquired demylinating sensory and motor neuropathy, exclusively distal sensory (distal acquired demyelinating sensory neuropathy and very proximal sensory (chronic immune sensory polyradiculopathy constitute the variants of CIDP. Correct diagnosis of these entities is of importance in terms of initiation of appropriate therapy as well as prognostication of these patients. The rates of detection of immune-mediated neuropathies with monoclonal cell proliferation (monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, multiple myeloma, etc. have been facilitated as better diagnostic tools such as serum immunofixation electrophoresis are being used more often. Immune neuropathies associated with malignancies and systemic vasculitic disorders are being defined further and treated early with better understanding of the disease processes. As this field of dysimmune neuropathies will evolve in the future, some of the curious aspects of the clinical presentations and response patterns to different immunosuppressants or immunomodulators will be further elucidated. This review also discusses representative case studies.

  2. Idiopathic chronic eosinophilic pneumonia

    OpenAIRE

    Cordier Jean-François; Marchand Eric

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Idiopathic chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (ICEP) is characterized by subacute or chronic respiratory and general symptoms, alveolar and/or blood eosinophilia, and peripheral pulmonary infiltrates on chest imaging. Eosinophilia is present in most cases, usually in excess of 1000/mm3. In absence of significant blood eosinophilia, a diagnosis of ICEP is supported by the demonstration of bronchoalveolar lavage eosinophilia. ICEP is typically associated with eosinophil counts higher than ...

  3. Experimental chronic periodontitis morphogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider S.A.

    2011-01-01

    Morphogenesis of periodontium tissue in a model of chronic periodontitis was studied. Adult Wistar rats wereused in a model; chronic periodontitis was developed through mastication-related loading decrease. Histological assessmentof periodontium tissue was conducted at Days 7, 14, 21 and 30. It was demonstrated that dystrophic tissue changes prevailover the inflammatory one in this particular experimental model. The structural elements of periodontium were involved intothe pathologic process ...

  4. Hypertension in Chronic Glomerulonephritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihm, Chun-Gyoo

    2015-12-01

    Chronic glomerulonephritis (GN), which includes focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and proliferative forms of GN such as IgA nephropathy, increases the risk of hypertension. Hypertension in chronic GN is primarily volume dependent, and this increase in blood volume is not related to the deterioration of renal function. Patients with chronic GN become salt sensitive as renal damage including arteriolosclerosis progresses and the consequent renal ischemia causes the stimulation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system(RAAS). Overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system also contributes to hypertension in chronic GN. According to the KDIGO guideline, the available evidence indicates that the target BP should be ≤140mmHg systolic and ≤90mmHg diastolic in chronic kidney disease patients without albuminuria. In most patients with an albumin excretion rate of ≥30mg/24 h (i.e., those with both micro-and macroalbuminuria), a lower target of ≤130mmHg systolic and ≤80mmHg diastolic is suggested. The use of agents that block the RAAS system is recommended or suggested in all patients with an albumin excretion rate of ≥30mg/ 24 h. The combination of a RAAS blockade with a calcium channel blocker and a diuretic may be effective in attaining the target BP, and in reducing the amount of urinary protein excretion in patients with chronic GN. PMID:26848302

  5. [Contribution of thermography to the diagnostics of entesopathy of epicondyli lateralis humeri.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trc, T

    1992-01-01

    The author describes results of thermographical examination of patients with the affected lateral epicondyle of humerus prior to the treatment and after the treatment, both conservative and surgical. He descibes both the normal and pathological thermogram of the elbow and evaluates the negative findings in cases of clinically diagnosticated entesopathy of lateral epicondyle and the subsequent treatment. In case of negative thermographic findings on epicondyles there often occur pathological findings in the field of cervical spine indicating a cervicobrachial syndrome with a subsequent secondary entesopathy. Key words: thermography, entesopathy, epicondylitis, cervicobrachial syndrome. PMID:20429981

  6. 体外冲击波与小针刀疗法治疗肱骨内上髁炎疗效比较%Comparative study of extracorporeal shock wave therapy and small-needle-knife therapy in treating medial epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云文科; 葛茂林; 曹磊光; 王剑; 宝音; 白杰; 任喜存

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较体外冲击波疗法及小针刀疗法治疗肱骨内上髁炎的效果。方法肱骨内上髁炎80例被随机分成两组,每组40例,分别行体外冲击波治疗和小针刀治疗,计算并比较两组术前及术后的VAS疼痛评分、HSS肘关节功能评分。结果小针刀及体外冲击波疗法均能明显缓解肱骨内上髁炎患者肘关节的疼痛,两组治疗后VAS评分均低于治疗前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);体外冲击波组治疗后VAS评分低于小针刀组治疗后[(1.07±0.66) vs (2.24±0.75)],差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。两组治疗后HSS评分均高于治疗前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);体外冲击波组治疗后HSS评分高于小针刀组治疗后[(92.06±8.07) vs (83.71±7.65)],差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论在治疗肱骨内上髁炎疼痛和恢复功能方面,体外冲击波疗法比小针刀效果更明显。%Objective To discuss and compare the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy and small needle knife therapy in the treatment of medial epicondylitis .Methods Eighly patients with medial epicondylitis were divided into two groups randomly ,the extracorporeal shock wave therapy group (ESWT) and the small needle knife therapy group (SNKT).The visual analog scale ( VAS) score, function and overall rating were compared before and after the treatment between the two groups .Results Both therapy relieved pain significantly, the VAS scores in the two groups declined to (2.24 ±0.75) and (1.07 ±0.66)(P<0.01),respectively after treatment.The HSS scores recoverd to (83.71 ±7.65) and (92.06 ±8.07), respectively, the functions of both elbows recovered sig-nificantly(P<0.01) compared with the condition of pre-treatment.The the rapy in ESWT group was more effective than in the SNKT group(P<0.01)in pain and function.Conclusions Both extracorporeal shock wave and the small needle knife therapy can

  7. 克氏针和拉力螺钉治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折疗效比较%Comparison of Kirschner Wire and Lag Screw in the Treatment of Medial Humeral Epicondyle Fracture in Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫伟; 李炳钻; 王建嗣; 钟黎娟; 蔡秀英

    2012-01-01

    目的:比较克氏针和拉力螺钉内固定治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折的临床疗效.方法:回顾分析2002年6月-2009年12月手术治疗的儿童肱骨内上髁骨折78例,克氏针组38例,均采用切开复位两枚克氏针内固定,3~4周去石膏托后开始肘关节功能锻炼;拉力螺钉组40例,均采用切开复位1枚拉力螺钉内固定,2周去石膏托后开始肘关节功能锻炼.结果:参照Mayo肘关节功能评分系统,术后3个月对肘关节功能进行评价.克氏针组:优23例,良7例,可6例,差2例,优良率为78.9%;拉力螺钉组:优30例,良8例,可2例,差0例,优良率为95.0%.2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),拉力螺钉组疗效明显优于克氏针组.结论:切开复位、拉力螺钉内固定结合早期功能锻炼治疗儿童肱骨内上髁骨折,能在较短时间内使患儿肘关节功能得到最大程度的恢复.%Objective: To comprise the clinical effect of Kirschner wire and lag screw internal fixation for treating medial humeral epicondyle fracture in children. Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 78 children with the medial humeral epicondyle fracture who were treated in Quanzhou osteopathy hospital from June 2002 to December 2009. The patients in Kirschner wire group (n=38) were treated by open reduction and two Kirschner wire internal fixation, eibow joint functional exercise should be conducted after 3 to 4 weeks when plaster was removed. The patients in lag screw group (n=40) were treated by open reduction and one lag screw internal fixation, elbow joint functional exercise should be conducted after 2 weeks when plaster was removed. Results: The functional of elbow joint were assessed three months after surgery according to Mayo system. There were 23 cases as excellent, 8 cases as good, 6 cases as fair, and 2 cases as poor in Kirschner wire group. And there were 30 cases as excellent, 8 cases as good, 2 cases as fair, and no cases as poor in lag screw group. The excellent

  8. Comparative study of curative effect of extracorporeal shock wave and ultrasound treatment on humerus external epicondylitis%体外冲击波与超声波治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊涛; 黄国志; 曹安; 钟锡波

    2013-01-01

    目的:比较体外冲击波(ESW)与超声波(US)治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床治疗效果.方法:选择60例肱骨外上髁炎患者进行本临床研究,随机分为ESW治疗组30例和US治疗组30例;分别进行ESW治疗与US治疗,观察其临床治疗效果.结果:ESW组有效率(96.67%)明显高于US组(76.67%)(P<0.05);ESW组治疗后视觉模拟评分(VAS)较US组明显降低(P<0.01),ESW组治疗前后VAS评分差值(改善程度)较US组明显增大(P<0.01);ESW组治疗后ADL评分较US组明显增高(P<0.01),ESW组治疗前后日常生活活动(ADL)评分差值(改善程度)较US组明显增大(P<0.01).结论:ESW治疗肱骨外上髁炎较US治疗肱骨外上髁炎的疗效好.%Objective:To compare the clinical treatment effect of extracorporeal shock wave(ESW) with ultrasound(US) on humerus external epicondylitis.Method:Sixty patients with humerus external epicondylitis participated in this study,and were randomly selected into ESW group and US group (30 subjects in each group).The two groups then received ESW treatment or US treatment respectively.The clinical treatment effects were observed.Result:The effective rate of ESW group was (96.67%) which was significantly higher than that of US group (76.67%) (P< 0.05); After-treatment visual analogue scale(VAS) score of ESW group was obviously lower than that of US group (P<0.01); The gap between VAS score of prior treatment and post-treatment of ESW group increased obviously than that of US group (P<0.01); After-treatment activities of daily living(ADL) score of ESW group was obviously higher than that of US group (P<0.01); The gap between ADL score of prior treatment and post-treatment of ESW group increased obviously than that of US group (P < 0.01).Conclusion:The treatment effect of ESW on humerus external epicondylitis was obviously better than that of US.

  9. Analysis of clinical effect and safety of extracts from rabbit skin inflamed by vaccinia virus in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis%牛痘疫苗兔皮致炎免疫提取物治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床效果与安全性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊贵铭; 张勇

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨牛痘疫苗兔皮致炎免疫提取物治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床效果和安全性。方法选取本院2013年1月~2014年4月收治的66例肱骨外上髁炎患者为研究对象,随机分为对照组和治疗组,每组33例。对照组给予常规消炎镇痛治疗,治疗组在对照组基础上加用牛痘疫苗兔皮致炎免疫提取物,比较两组的临床疗效与安全性。结果两组治疗7、14 d后,临床症状均得到改善,且治疗组疗效优于对照组(P0.05)。结论牛痘疫苗兔皮致炎免疫提取物对治疗肱骨外上髁炎的临床效果显著,且安全性好。%Objective To explore the clinical effects and safety of extracts from rabbit skin inflamed by vaccinia virus in the treatment of external humeral epicondylitis. Methods 66 patients with external humeal epicondylitis admitted in-to our hospital from January 2013 to April 2014 were selected as research subjects,and were randomly divided into control group and treatment group,33 cases in each group.The control group was given regular analgesic and anti-in-flammatory treatment,and treatment group was further given extracts from rabbit skin inflamed by vaccinia virus on the basis of control group.Clinical effects and safety were compared between the two groups. Results 7 days and 14 days after the treatment in the two groups,the clinical symptoms all improved,and the curative effects of treatment group was better than that of control group(P<0.05).As for the improvement of pain,at the 7 days of the treatment,the total effective rates in treatment group was 43.4%,the control group was 33.3%,and the difference was significant (P<0.05).At the 14 days of the treatment, the total effective rates in treatment group was 72.7%,the control group was 56.7%,and the dif-ference was significant (P<0.05).The incidence of adverse reactions of two groups was very low,the adverse reactions in treatment group was 2 cases,while the treatment group was 3 cases, the

  10. Lateralization of visual hemifield attention across development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieves, N; Linz, T D; Hynd, G W; Connor, R T; Shapiro, M S

    1987-01-01

    Heilman and Valenstein (Clinical Neuropsychology, 1979, Oxford University Press, New York) have hypothesized a right hemispheric mechanism which mediates attention bilaterally. Shapiro and Hynd ("The development of functional lateralization in visual hemifield attention." Developmental Neuropsychology, Vol. 1, pp 67-80, 1985) examined the developmental validity of this model and their findings did not provide evidence for a lateralized mechanism for visual hemifield attention in 9, 13, and 18 year olds. However, length of foreperiod and gender effects were noted. This study attempted to compare these groups with a group of normal adults (ages 25-35) using the same reaction time paradigm. The study demonstrated support for the length of foreperiod effect found by Shapiro and Hynd. Hand effects were also found. However, these results do not lend support to either the model proposed by Heilman and Valenstein (1979) or Shapiro and Hynd's (1985) notion of developmental differences across age groups with respect to right hemisphere dominance for mediating attention. PMID:14591140

  11. Later Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Stig Børsen

    2010-01-01

    This article sets out by distinguishing Wittgenstein’s own views in the philosophy of religion from a school of thought in the philosophy of religion that relies on later Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language. After a survey of distinguishing features of Wittgenstein’s later philosophy, the third...... section explores Wittgenstein’s treatment of Frazer’s account of magic among primitive peoples. The following section offers an account of Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion, including the use of the notions of a language game and superstition. I conclude by criticizing a very influential argument...... of Wittgenstein’s to the effect that the meaning of words like ‘belief’ and ‘object’ varies from context to context without having any one thing in common....

  12. Motorcycle state estimation for lateral dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teerhuis, A. P.; Jansen, S. T. H.

    2012-08-01

    The motorcycle lean (or roll) angle development is one of the main characteristics of motorcycle lateral dynamics. Control of motorcycle motions requires an accurate assessment of this quantity and for safety applications also the risk of sliding needs to be considered. Direct measurement of the roll angle and tyre slip is not available; therefore, a method of model-based estimation is developed to estimate the state of a motorcycle. This paper investigates the feasibility of such a motorcycle state estimator (MCSE). A simplified analytic model of a motorcycle is developed by comparison to an extended multi-body model of the motorcycle, designed in Matlab/SimMechanics. The analytic model is used inside an extended Kalman filter. Experimental results of an instrumented Yamaha FJR1300 motorcycle show that the MCSE is a feasible concept for obtaining signals related to the lateral dynamics of the motorcycle.

  13. Lateralization Technique and Inferior Alveolar Nerve Transposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica Castro Pimentel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Bone resorption of the posterior mandible can result in diminished bone edge and, therefore, the installation of implants in these regions becomes a challenge, especially in the presence of the mandibular canal and its contents, the inferior alveolar nerve. Several treatment alternatives are suggested: the use of short implants, guided bone regeneration, appositional bone grafting, distraction osteogenesis, inclined implants tangential to the mandibular canal, and the lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve. The aim was to elucidate the success rate of implants in the lateralization technique and in inferior alveolar nerve transposition and to determine the most effective sensory test. We conclude that the success rate is linked to the possibility of installing implants with long bicortical anchor which favors primary stability and biomechanics.

  14. Lateralization Technique and Inferior Alveolar Nerve Transposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanches, Marco Antonio; Ramalho, Gabriel Cardoso; Manzi, Marcello Roberto

    2016-01-01

    Bone resorption of the posterior mandible can result in diminished bone edge and, therefore, the installation of implants in these regions becomes a challenge, especially in the presence of the mandibular canal and its contents, the inferior alveolar nerve. Several treatment alternatives are suggested: the use of short implants, guided bone regeneration, appositional bone grafting, distraction osteogenesis, inclined implants tangential to the mandibular canal, and the lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve. The aim was to elucidate the success rate of implants in the lateralization technique and in inferior alveolar nerve transposition and to determine the most effective sensory test. We conclude that the success rate is linked to the possibility of installing implants with long bicortical anchor which favors primary stability and biomechanics. PMID:27433360

  15. Conservation as a ‘Later Addition’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Peters

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper contends that conservation is not a neutral process and plays a part in the history of the object under treatment. As such, conservation always involves changes in the physical fabric of the object and/or in its cultural significance. These changes are referred to here as ‘later additions’, and discussed within the framework of some issues related to conservation practice and theory. It is argued that conservators should be reflexive in their analysis and treatment of ‘later additions’, by working out a balance between the cultural significance of the object, its physical fabric, interests of owners or users, any originating peoples,and museum professionals.

  16. The management of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Phukan, Julie

    2009-02-01

    The terms amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease (MND) refer to a condition characterized by motor system degeneration with relative preservation of other pathways. Although there have been advances in symptomatic treatment, ALS remains an incurable condition. Advances in ALS management prolong survival but simultaneously raise challenging ethical dilemmas for physicians, patients and their families. Here, we review current practice in the management of ALS including pharmacological treatment, nutritional management, respiratory care, and evolving strategies in the management of cognitive impairment.

  17. Tonoplast Aquaporins Facilitate Lateral Root Emergence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, Hagen; Hachez, Charles; Bienert, Manuela Désirée; Beebo, Azeez; Swarup, Kamal; Voß, Ute; Bouhidel, Karim; Frigerio, Lorenzo; Schjoerring, Jan K; Bennett, Malcolm J; Chaumont, Francois

    2016-03-01

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are water channels allowing fast and passive diffusion of water across cell membranes. It was hypothesized that AQPs contribute to cell elongation processes by allowing water influx across the plasma membrane and the tonoplast to maintain adequate turgor pressure. Here, we report that, in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), the highly abundant tonoplast AQP isoforms AtTIP1;1, AtTIP1;2, and AtTIP2;1 facilitate the emergence of new lateral root primordia (LRPs). The number of lateral roots was strongly reduced in the triple tip mutant, whereas the single, double, and triple tip mutants showed no or minor reduction in growth of the main root. This phenotype was due to the retardation of LRP emergence. Live cell imaging revealed that tight spatiotemporal control of TIP abundance in the tonoplast of the different LRP cells is pivotal to mediating this developmental process. While lateral root emergence is correlated to a reduction of AtTIP1;1 and AtTIP1;2 protein levels in LRPs, expression of AtTIP2;1 is specifically needed in a restricted cell population at the base, then later at the flanks, of developing LRPs. Interestingly, the LRP emergence phenotype of the triple tip mutants could be fully rescued by expressing AtTIP2;1 under its native promoter. We conclude that TIP isoforms allow the spatial and temporal fine-tuning of cellular water transport, which is critically required during the highly regulated process of LRP morphogenesis and emergence.

  18. Grey Literature in Energy: 5 Years Later

    OpenAIRE

    Cutler, Deborah E. (OSTI-DOE); GreyNet, Grey Literature Network Service

    2004-01-01

    At GL'99, the Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (DOE OSTI) presented a paper titled "Grey Literature in Energy: a Shifting Paradigm". Five years later, the paradigm continues to shift, less radically than the change from paper and microfiche to electronic, but with significant benefit to users worldwide. OSTI's efforts continue this shift, moving even further away from the connotation of "grey" as meaning "hard to get" literature. Along with its domestic an...

  19. Quantifiable Lateral Flow Assay Test Strips

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    As easy to read as a home pregnancy test, three Quantifiable Lateral Flow Assay (QLFA) strips used to test water for E. coli show different results. The brightly glowing control line on the far right of each strip indicates that all three tests ran successfully. But the glowing test line on the middle left and bottom strips reveal their samples were contaminated with E. coli bacteria at two different concentrations. The color intensity correlates with concentration of contamination.

  20. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and environmental factors

    OpenAIRE

    Bozzoni, Virginia; Pansarasa, Orietta; Diamanti, Luca; Nosari, Guido; Cereda, Cristina; Ceroni, Mauro

    2016-01-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder that affects central and peripheral motor neuron cells. Its etiology is unknown, although a relationship between genetic background and environmental factors may play a major role in triggering the neurodegeneration. In this review, we analyze the role of environmental factors in ALS: heavy metals, electromagnetic fields and electric shocks, pesticides, β-N-methylamino-L-alanine, physical activity and the controversial ...

  1. Irreducible lateral dislocation of the elbow.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chhaparwal M

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of an irreducible post-traumatic lateral dislocation of elbow is presented. The mechanism of injury was fall on a flexed elbow with trauma on its medial aspect resulting in pronation of the forearm. At open reduction, the brachialis muscle was in the form of a tight band which prevented reduction. The ulnar nerve was entrapped in the joint.

  2. Lateral Modes in Quantum Cascade Lasers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory C. Dente

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We will examine the waveguide mode losses in ridge-guided quantum cascade lasers. Our analysis illustrates how the low-loss mode for broad-ridge quantum cascade lasers (QCLs can be a higher-order lateral waveguide mode that maximizes the feedback from the sloped ridge-wall regions. The results are in excellent agreement with the near- and far-field data taken on broad-ridge-guided quantum cascade lasers processed with sloped ridge walls.

  3. iPS Cells 10 Years Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    In 2006, Takahashi and Yamanaka reported the breakthrough discovery of induction of pluripotent stem cells from fibroblasts by a combination of defined factors. Ten years later, Cell editor João Monteiro brings together Shinya Yamanaka and Hans Schöler, one the original reviewers of the landmark study, to revisit the history behind the paper and its long-lasting legacy. PMID:27610558

  4. Hereditary chronic pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mössner Joachim

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Hereditary chronic pancreatitis (HCP is a very rare form of early onset chronic pancreatitis. With the exception of the young age at diagnosis and a slower progression, the clinical course, morphological features and laboratory findings of HCP do not differ from those of patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. As well, diagnostic criteria and treatment of HCP resemble that of chronic pancreatitis of other causes. The clinical presentation is highly variable and includes chronic abdominal pain, impairment of endocrine and exocrine pancreatic function, nausea and vomiting, maldigestion, diabetes, pseudocysts, bile duct and duodenal obstruction, and rarely pancreatic cancer. Fortunately, most patients have a mild disease. Mutations in the PRSS1 gene, encoding cationic trypsinogen, play a causative role in chronic pancreatitis. It has been shown that the PRSS1 mutations increase autocatalytic conversion of trypsinogen to active trypsin, and thus probably cause premature, intrapancreatic trypsinogen activation disturbing the intrapancreatic balance of proteases and their inhibitors. Other genes, such as the anionic trypsinogen (PRSS2, the serine protease inhibitor, Kazal type 1 (SPINK1 and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR have been found to be associated with chronic pancreatitis (idiopathic and hereditary as well. Genetic testing should only be performed in carefully selected patients by direct DNA sequencing and antenatal diagnosis should not be encouraged. Treatment focuses on enzyme and nutritional supplementation, pain management, pancreatic diabetes, and local organ complications, such as pseudocysts, bile duct or duodenal obstruction. The disease course and prognosis of patients with HCP is unpredictable. Pancreatic cancer risk is elevated. Therefore, HCP patients should strongly avoid environmental risk factors for pancreatic cancer.

  5. Clinical neurorestorative progress in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen L

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Lin Chen,1,2,5 Hongyun Huang,3 Haitao Xi,4,5 Gengsheng Mao3 1Medical Center, Tsinghua University, 2Tsinghua University Yuquan Hospital, 3General Hospital of Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, 4Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital of Capital Medical University, 5Beijing Hongtianji Neuroscience Academy, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive paralysis and motor neuron death. In addition to symptomatic managements such as ventilation and nutritional support, neurorestorative therapies have demonstrated anti-neurodegenerative potential and may improve quality of life for patients. Currently, clinical neurorestorative strategies include pharmacological management (granulocyte colony stimulating factor, neuromodulatory intervention (repetitive transcranial magnetic and cortical stimulation, cell transplantation (bone marrow stromal cells, olfactory ensheathing cells, granulocyte colony stimulating factor-mobilized peripheral blood stromal cells, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, neural stem/progenitor cells, CD133+ cells and CD34+ cells, bioengineering and tissue engineering therapy, and combined neurorehabilitative treatment. In this review, we describe the latest progress in clinical neurorestorative management of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and discuss the underlying evidence base. Keywords: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, neurorestorative treatment, cell transplantation, clinical trial

  6. Lateral flow immunoassay using magnetoresistive sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taton, Kristin; Johnson, Diane; Guire, Patrick; Lange, Erik; Tondra, Mark

    2009-05-01

    Magnetic particles have been adapted for use as labels in biochemical lateral flow strip tests. Standard gold particle lateral flow assays are generally qualitative; however, with magnetic particles, quantitative results can be obtained by using electronic detection systems with giant magnetoresistive (GMR) sensors. As described here, these small integrated sensor chips can detect the presence of magnetic labels in capture spots whose volume is approximately 150 μm×150 μm×150 μm. The range of linear detection is better than two orders of magnitude; the total range is up to four orders of magnitude. The system was demonstrated with both indirect and sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for protein detection of rabbit IgG and interferon-γ, respectively, achieving detection of 12 pg/ml protein. Ultimately, the goal is for the detector to be fully integrated into the lateral flow strip backing to form a single consumable item that is interrogated by a handheld electronic reader.

  7. Childhood and later life stressors and psychosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie J. Roper

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The etiology of psychosis consists of a complex integration of several risk factors including genetic vulnerability, adverse life events and trauma, and substance use. This review discusses the current theories of the genesis of psychosis, with an emphasis on the importance of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs and later life events. ACEs in particular have a profound impact on an individual’s health later in life; and specifically, those who have experienced ACEs are at an increased risk for psychosis. In addition, stressful life events later in life may be relevant for onset and relapse of psychotic episodes. Associations between types of life adversity and specific symptomatology of a psychotic episode have also been suggested. A multi-factorial approach is suggested for linking genetic and environmental contributors to the onset of psychosis. This approach may have an advantage over a purely bio-medical model by focusing less on disability and more on underlying contributors that may be responsive to intervention.

  8. Resolution of chronic severe refractory thrombocytopenia after treatment of hypothyroidism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowles, K M; Turner, G E; Wimperis, J Z

    2004-01-01

    The case of a 52 year old woman with chronic severe refractory thrombocytopenia is presented. Over a three year period, her platelet count was persistently less than 20 × 109/litre (normal range, 150–400). She required repeated hospital admission for management of bleeding and received multiple blood transfusions. She was given repeated courses of steroids, immunosuppression, immunoglobulin, and splenectomy, without success, in an attempt to stop the chronic blood loss. Eventually, she was found to be profoundly hypothyroid. On correction of her thyroid deficiency the platelet count returned to the normal range and all bleeding stopped. The platelet count remains in the normal range three years later. PMID:15333667

  9. 同名经配穴法在肱骨外上髁炎针灸治疗中的临床应验与发微%Research on acupuncture point method with meridians of the samename in acupuncture treatment of humeral epicondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史坚鸣

    2013-01-01

    Objective:With acupuncture treatment of humeral epicondylitis for example, to verify the clinical value of acupuncture point method with meridians of the same name. Methods:To select 73 patients with humeral epicondylitis to accept the simple acupuncture treatment. 36 cases were randomly divided into control group, 37 cases were randomly divided into treated group. To select points with meridian syndrome differentiation in control group and select points with meridian syndrome differentiation and acupuncture point method with meridians of the same name in treated group. Both accepting acupuncture treatment, once three days, 15 times for one course. To observe the clinical curative effect. Results:In the treated group and the control group, the total efficiency were 100%, 100%respectively;the cure rate were 72.97%, 52.78% respectively. Clinical curative effect comparison between treated group and control group was compared. The total efficiency had no difference, the cure rate had difference. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion:Acupuncture point method with meridians of the same name is comprehensive, effective on both manifestation and root cause of disease. The curative effect is more significant.%  目的:以肱骨外上髁炎的针灸治疗为例,来验证同名经配穴法在针灸治疗中的重要作用。方法:选取肱骨外上髁炎患者73例做单纯的针灸治疗,随机分为对照组36例,治疗组37例。对照组:经络辨证选穴;治疗组:经络辨证选穴合同名经配穴。均为针灸治疗,1次/3d,15次为1个疗程,观察评价临床疗效。结果:治疗组、对照组总有效率分别为100%、100%;治愈率分别为72.97%、52.78%;组间临床疗效比较,总有效率无差异,治愈率差异明显,有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:同名经配穴法,辨证全面,标本兼治,疗效更为显著。

  10. Chronic methylmercurialism in a horse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seawright, A.A.; Roberts, M.C.; Costigan, P.

    1978-02-01

    Chronic methylmercurialism was produced in a horse given 10 g methylmercury chloride over 10 weeks. Neurological signs, particularly proprioceptive disturbances, were apparent by the final week of dosing and became more severe thereafter. An exudative dermatitis, a reluctance to move, weight loss, reduced appetite and dullness were among the earlier clinical signs, and renal changes characterized by a steadily increasing BUN and glucosuria were detected later. Pathological lesions were confined to the kidneys and the nervous system. There was mild neuronal degeneration in the cerebral cortex and in the cerebellar cortex, axonal demyelination in the dorsal columns of the spinal cord and extensive degeneration of ganglion cells in the dorsal root ganglia. The blood organic mercury level, which had plateaued in the second month, increased rapidly in the last weeks of dosing with a sharp rise terminally. This pattern was repeated for the much lower inorganic mercury levels except for a terminal decrease. The proportion of inorganic mercury was five times greater in the dorsal root ganglia than elsewhere in the CNS, although total mercury levels were similar. Highest tissue mercury levels were found in the liver and kidneys, over 50% being in the form of inorganic mercury. As dealkylation of the methylmercury appeared to be more efficient in the dorsal root ganglia and the kidneys, inorganic mercury derived therefrom may have been responsible for some of the clinical and pathological features of this intoxication in the horse. 21 references, 6 figures, 2 tables.

  11. Tennis elbow surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lateral epicondylitis - surgery; Lateral tendinosis - surgery; Lateral tennis elbow - surgery ... Surgery to repair tennis elbow is usually an outpatient surgery. This means you will not stay in the hospital overnight. You will be ...

  12. Genetic factors and breast cancer laterality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Women are more likely to develop cancer in the left breast than the right. Such laterality may influence subsequent management, especially in elderly patients with heart disease who may require radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to explore possible factors for such cancer laterality. In this work, clinical data for consecutive patients with histologically confirmed breast cancer were reviewed, with emphasis on clinical presentation and family history. Between 2005 and 2012, 687 patients with breast cancer were seen. Two women with incomplete data and eleven men were excluded. In total, 343 (50.9%) patients presented with left breast cancer, 311 (46.1%) with right breast cancer, and 20 (3.0%) with simultaneous bilateral malignancy. There were no significant differences between the three groups, especially in regards to clinical presentation and tumor characteristics. A total of 622 (92.3%) patients had unilateral primary, 20 (3.0%) had simultaneous bilateral, and 32 (4.7%) had metachronous primary breast cancer with subsequent contralateral breast cancer after 7.5–236 months. The worst 10-year survival was for bilateral simultaneous (18%) compared with unilateral (28%) and metachronous primaries (90%). There were no differences in survival in relation to breast cancer laterality, handedness, and presence or absence of a family history of cancer. There were significant similarities between patients and first-degree relatives in regards to breast cancer laterality, namely same breast (30/66, 45.5%), opposite breast (9/66, 13.6%), and bilateral cancer (27/66, 40.9, P=0.01163). This was more evident among patients and their sisters (17/32, 53.1%) or mothers (11/27, 40.7%, P=0.0689). There were also close similarities in relation to age at initial diagnosis of cancer for patients and their first-degree relatives for age differences of ≤5 years (48/166, 28.9%), 6–10 years (34/166, 20.5%), and >11 years (84/166, 50.6%, P=0.12065). High similarities

  13. Genetic factors and breast cancer laterality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amer MH

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Magid H Amer Department of Medicine, St Rita's Medical Center, Lima, OH, USA Background: Women are more likely to develop cancer in the left breast than the right. Such laterality may influence subsequent management, especially in elderly patients with heart disease who may require radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to explore possible factors for such cancer laterality. Methods: In this work, clinical data for consecutive patients with histologically confirmed breast cancer were reviewed, with emphasis on clinical presentation and family history. Results: Between 2005 and 2012, 687 patients with breast cancer were seen. Two women with incomplete data and eleven men were excluded. In total, 343 (50.9% patients presented with left breast cancer, 311 (46.1% with right breast cancer, and 20 (3.0% with simultaneous bilateral malignancy. There were no significant differences between the three groups, especially in regards to clinical presentation and tumor characteristics. A total of 622 (92.3% patients had unilateral primary, 20 (3.0% had simultaneous bilateral, and 32 (4.7% had metachronous primary breast cancer with subsequent contralateral breast cancer after 7.5–236 months. The worst 10-year survival was for bilateral simultaneous (18% compared with unilateral (28% and metachronous primaries (90%. There were no differences in survival in relation to breast cancer laterality, handedness, and presence or absence of a family history of cancer. There were significant similarities between patients and first-degree relatives in regards to breast cancer laterality, namely same breast (30/66, 45.5%, opposite breast (9/66, 13.6%, and bilateral cancer (27/66, 40.9, P=0.01163. This was more evident among patients and their sisters (17/32, 53.1% or mothers (11/27, 40.7%, P=0.0689. There were also close similarities in relation to age at initial diagnosis of cancer for patients and their first-degree relatives for age differences of ≤5

  14. Management of chronic paronychia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vineet Relhan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic paronychia is an inflammatory disorder of the nail folds of a toe or finger presenting as redness, tenderness, and swelling. It is recalcitrant dermatoses seen commonly in housewives and housemaids. It is a multifactorial inflammatory reaction of the proximal nail fold to irritants and allergens. Repeated bouts of inflammation lead to fibrosis of proximal nail fold with poor generation of cuticle, which in turn exposes the nail further to irritants and allergens. Thus, general preventive measures form cornerstone of the therapy. Though previously anti-fungals were the mainstay of therapy, topical steroid creams have been found to be more effective in the treatment of chronic paronychia. In recalcitrant cases, surgical treatment may be resorted to, which includes en bloc excision of the proximal nail fold or an eponychial marsupialization, with or without nail plate removal. Newer therapies and surgical modalities are being employed in the management of chronic paronychia. In this overview, we review recent epidemiological studies, present current thinking on the pathophysiology leading to chronic paronychia, discuss the challenges chronic paronychia presents, and recommend a commonsense approach to management.

  15. Autoantibodies in chronic pancreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J; Marner, B; Pedersen, N T;

    1985-01-01

    In 60 consecutive patients clinically suspected of having chronic pancreatitis the serum concentration of the immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM), the IgG- and IgA-type non-organ-specific autoantibodies against nuclear material (ANA), smooth and striated muscle, mitochondria, basal membrane, and reti......In 60 consecutive patients clinically suspected of having chronic pancreatitis the serum concentration of the immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG, IgM), the IgG- and IgA-type non-organ-specific autoantibodies against nuclear material (ANA), smooth and striated muscle, mitochondria, basal membrane......, and reticulin, and the IgG- and IgA-type pancreas-specific antibodies against islet cells, acinus cells, and ductal cells (DA) were estimated blindly. In 23 of the patients chronic pancreatitis was verified, whereas chronic pancreatitis was rejected in 37 patients (control group). IgG and IgA were found...... in significantly higher concentrations in the patients with chronic pancreatitis than in the control group but within the normal range. ANA and DA occurred very frequently in both groups but with no statistical difference. Other autoantibodies only occurred sporadically. The findings of this study do not support...

  16. Chronic daily headaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fayyaz Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic Daily Headache is a descriptive term that includes disorders with headaches on more days than not and affects 4% of the general population. The condition has a debilitating effect on individuals and society through direct cost to healthcare and indirectly to the economy in general. To successfully manage chronic daily headache syndromes it is important to exclude secondary causes with comprehensive history and relevant investigations; identify risk factors that predict its development and recognise its sub-types to appropriately manage the condition. Chronic migraine, chronic tension-type headache, new daily persistent headache and medication overuse headache accounts for the vast majority of chronic daily headaches. The scope of this article is to review the primary headache disorders. Secondary headaches are not discussed except medication overuse headache that often accompanies primary headache disorders. The article critically reviews the literature on the current understanding of daily headache disorders focusing in particular on recent developments in the treatment of frequent headaches.

  17. Chronic Intraventricular Administration of 1-Methyl-4-Phenylpyridinium as a Progressive Model of Parkinson’s Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Sonsalla, Patricia K.; Zeevalk, Gail D.; German, Dwight C.

    2008-01-01

    Animal models of Parkinson’s disease (PD) that more closely exhibit the chronic neuropathology seen in the human condition are needed in order to reveal processes involved with progressive neurodegeneration and for testing potential interventions for retarding dopamine (DA) neuronal loss. Here we describe the recently developed chronic rat model of PD in which 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) is infused chronically into the lateral cerebral ventricle. We review features of this model th...

  18. Terapia manual en epicondalgia lateral (revisión sistemática Manual therapy in lateral epicondylalgia (systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Aguilera Eguía

    2009-03-01

    rehabilitation is based on clinical experience and on the treatment of the physical limitations found during the clinical examination. The main physical limitation in LE is lack of grip strength due to pain, leading to motor function impairment. Multiple treatments have been proposed in the literature (complementary therapies, physiotherapy, drug treatment, manual therapy, surgery but most are lacking an evidence base to support their use. The aim of the present study was to select the clinical interventions in manual therapy with the highest level of evidence for the treatment of LE. A search was made of Pubmed, Cochcrane, National Guideline Clearinghouse, NHS Guidelines Finder, and CMA infobase for meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials and clinical trials. To evaluate the internal validity of each of the selected studies, the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro scale was applied and the level of evidence was subsequently classified according to the scale of the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine in Oxford. One randomized clinical trial and one randomized pilot study met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. There is level 1B evidence with level A recommendation for the use of the lateral glide and wrist manipulation techniques for the treatment of chronic unilateral epicondylalgia.

  19. Sarah's Knee: A Famous Actress With Chronic, Inflammatory Monoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinals, Robert S

    2004-02-01

    Sarah Bernhardt had a recurrent and later persistent inflammatory arthritis of her right knee for more than 25 years. She probably had pulmonary tuberculosis, starting a dozen years before the arthritis, and her chronic synovitis may have been tuberculous. Several months in a cast led to deterioration and later amputation of the leg, an outcome that might have been prevented by surgical arthrodesis. Despite the loss of her limb and progressive renal failure, she continued an active theatrical career until her death at age 78. PMID:17043454

  20. Posttraumatic headache with ptosis, miosis and chronic forehead hyperhidrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khurana, R K

    1990-01-01

    Injury to the right lateral forehead was followed by headaches, and chronic ipsilateral ptosis, miosis, and forehead hyperhidrosis. Episodes of headache were accompanied by an increase in ptosis, miosis and forehead hyperhidrosis. The headaches abated within 6 weeks but the ptosis and miosis, due to postganglionic sympathetic insufficiency, were persistent. Spontaneous forehead hyperhidrosis, was also persistent at the time of last follow-up, 15 months later. Autonomic assessment of the oculocephalic sympathetic dysfunction, localization of the lesion and possible explanation of the autonomic findings are discussed. PMID:2406222

  1. Omalizumab for chronic urticaria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivyanskiy, Ilya; Sand, Carsten; Thomsen, Simon Francis

    2012-01-01

    urticaria. We present a case series of 19 patients with chronic urticaria treated in a university department with omalizumab and give an overview of the existing literature comprising an additional 59 cases as well as a total of 139 patients enrolled in two randomized controlled trials comparing omalizumab...... with placebo. The collective evidence points to omalizumab as a safe and effective treatment option for patients with chronic urticaria who do not sufficiently respond to standard therapy as recommended by existing guidelines.......Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the high-affinity Fc receptor of IgE. Omalizumab has been approved for the treatment of moderate to severe asthma; however, there is currently more and more data showing promising results in the management also of chronic...

  2. Chronic erosive seropositive arthritis in a patient with chronic hepatitis C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L P Ananjeva

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Joint syndrome evolution was prospectively followed up in a 49-year-old woman who had serum hepatitis in 1990. When she came to a rheumatologist for the first time in 1999 she complained of occasional joint pain. She did not have joint inflammatory changes at that time but chronic hepatitis С was revealed at the examination. Hepatitis С diagnosis was confirmed by morphological and repeated virological evaluations. During antiviral treatment the pt developed symmetrical polyarthritis involving hand joints. Elevation of cryoglobuline, rheumatoid factor and antinuclear antibodies level was revealed. During the next year polyarthritis recurred and later acquired undulatory course with periods of exacerbation and stabilization. Attempts of treatment with sulfasalazine failed due to transaminase elevation. In 2006 ulnar deviation appeared and rheumatoid factor level remained elevated. MRI showed multiple erosions of carpal bones. Considering features of joint syndrome development joint damage in this pt was regarded as arthritis associated with chronic hepatitis C.

  3. Chronic urticaria: recent advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greaves, Malcolm W; Tan, Kian Teo

    2007-10-01

    Chronic urticaria is an umbrella term, which encompasses physical urticarias, chronic "idiopathic" urticaria and urticarial vasculitis. It is important to recognize patients with physical urticarias as the investigation and treatment differs in important ways from patients with idiopathic chronic urticaria or urticarial vasculitis. Although relatively uncommon, urticarial vasculitis is an important diagnosis to make and requires histological confirmation by biopsy. Underlying systemic disease and systemic involvement, especially of the kidneys, should be sought. It is now recognized that chronic "idiopathic" urticaria includes a subset with an autoimmune basis caused by circulating autoantibodies against the high affinity IgE receptor (FceR1) and less commonly against IgE. Although the autologous serum skin test has been proven useful in prompting search for and characterization of circulating wheal-producing factors in chronic urticaria, its specificity as a screening test for presence of functional anti-FceR1 is low, and confirmation by demonstration of histamine-releasing activity in the patient's serum must be the benchmark test in establishing this diagnosis. Improved screening tests are being sought; for example, ability of the chronic urticaria patient's serum to evoke expression of CD 203c on donor human basophils is showing some promise. The strong association between autoimmune thyroid disease and autoimmune urticaria is also an area of ongoing research. Drug treatment continues to be centered on the H1 antihistamines, and the newer second-generation compounds appear to be safe and effective even in off-label dosage. Use of systemic steroids should be confined to special circumstances such as tapering regimens for acute flare-ups. Use of leukotriene antagonists is becoming popular, but the evidence for efficacy is conflicting. Cyclosporin is also effective and can be used in selected cases of autoimmune urticaria, and it is also effective in non

  4. Chronic lead poisoning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hess, K.; Straub, P.W.

    1974-02-19

    A detailed description is given of the complex pathological picture observed in the case of a worker with 30 years' occupational exposure to lead in an accumulator factory (evolution of the disease, clinical findings, autopsy). In spite of a typical clinical picture, lead is not held responsible for the terminal encephalopathy, in view of the fact that Alzheimer's syndrome was discovered at autopsy. However, the neurovegetative asthenia and progressive kidney disease without hypertonia, but with uraemia, which preceded the encephalopathy are in all probability due to chronic lead poisoning. The article discusses the diagnosis and symptomatology of chronic lead poisoning, encephalopathy and kidney disease.

  5. Omalizumab for chronic urticaria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivyanskiy, Ilya; Sand, Carsten; Thomsen, Simon Francis

    2012-01-01

    urticaria. We present a case series of 19 patients with chronic urticaria treated in a university department with omalizumab and give an overview of the existing literature comprising an additional 59 cases as well as a total of 139 patients enrolled in two randomized controlled trials comparing omalizumab......Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the high-affinity Fc receptor of IgE. Omalizumab has been approved for the treatment of moderate to severe asthma; however, there is currently more and more data showing promising results in the management also of chronic...

  6. Chronic unilateral vestibular loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerber, K A

    2016-01-01

    Chronic unilateral vestibular loss is a condition defined by the presence of reduced function of the peripheral vestibular system on one side, which has generally persisted for 3 or more months. The deficit is demonstrated by a reduction of the vestibular-ocular reflex either at the bedside or on laboratory testing. Though some patients with chronic vestibular loss have disabling symptoms, others are asymptomatic. Causes include a viral/postviral disorder, Menière's disease, structural lesions, ischemia, and trauma. Any other systemic or genetic disorder would be expected to involve both sides at some point. PMID:27638074

  7. Gait Biomechanics in Participants, Six Months after First-time Lateral Ankle Sprain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, C; Bleakley, C; Hertel, J; Caulfield, B; Ryan, J; Delahunt, E

    2016-06-01

    No research currently exists predicating a link between the injury-affiliated sensorimotor deficits of acute ankle sprain and those of chronic ankle instability during gait. This analysis evaluates participants with a 6-month history of ankle sprain injury to affirm this link. 69 participants with a 6-month history of acute first-time lateral ankle sprain were divided into subgroups ('chronic ankle instability' and 'coper') based on their self-reported disability and compared to 20 non-injured participants during a gait task. Lower extremity kinematic and kinetic data were collected from 200 ms pre- to 200 ms post-heel strike (period 1) and from 200 ms pre- to 200 ms post-toe off (period 2). The 'chronic ankle instability' subgroup (who reported greater disability) displayed increased knee flexion during period 1. During period 2, this subgroup exhibited greater total displacement at their ankle joint and greater extensor dominance at their knee. That many of these features are present, both in individuals with acute ankle sprain and those with chronic ankle instability may advocate a link between acute deficits and long-term outcome. Clinicians must be aware that the sensorimotor deficits of ankle sprain may persevere beyond the acute stage of injury and be cognizant of the capacity for impairments to pervade proximally. PMID:27136507

  8. [Histaminergic angioedema and chronic urticaria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hacard, Florence; Nosbaum, Audrey; Bensaid, Benoit; Nicolas, Jean-François; Augey, Frédéric; Goujon, Catherine; Bérard, Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    Most angioedemas are histaminergic and correspond to deep urticarial swelling. Recurrent histaminergic angioedema led to the diagnosis of chronic urticaria, even when there are no superficial associated hives. Chronic urticaria is a benign disease, and autoimmune in 40 % of cases. The occurrence of angioedema in chronic urticaria is not a sign of severity. The occurrence of angioedema in chronic urticaria is associated with a longer duration of urticarial disease. NSAIDs and/or systemic corticotherapy are classic triggers of angioedema in chronic urticaria. In the absence of clinical endpoints, there is no need to make further assessment in chronic urticaria good responders to antihistamines.

  9. Childhood Cumulative Risk and Later Allostatic Load

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Doan, Stacey N; Dich, Nadya; Evans, Gary W

    2014-01-01

    cardiovascular, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, sympathetic adrenal medullary system, and metabolic activity. Smoking and alcohol/drug use were tested as mediators of the hypothesized childhood risk-adolescent allostatic load relationship. Results: Cumulative risk exposure at age 9 predicted increases...... in allostatic load 8 years later. Smoking, but not alcohol and drug use, was a significant mediator of the prospective, longitudinal relationship between childhood cumulative risk and adolescent allostatic load. Conclusions: The present paper contributes to the understanding of the role of early life stress...

  10. Towards reproducible, scalable lateral molecular electronic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durkan, Colm; Zhang, Qian

    2014-08-01

    An approach to reproducibly fabricate molecular electronic devices is presented. Lateral nanometer-scale gaps with high yield are formed in Au/Pd nanowires by a combination of electromigration and Joule-heating-induced thermomechanical stress. The resulting nanogap devices are used to measure the electrical properties of small numbers of two different molecular species with different end-groups, namely 1,4-butane dithiol and 1,5-diamino-2-methylpentane. Fluctuations in the current reveal that in the case of the dithiol molecule devices, individual molecules conduct intermittently, with the fluctuations becoming more pronounced at larger biases.

  11. Towards reproducible, scalable lateral molecular electronic devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durkan, Colm, E-mail: cd229@eng.cam.ac.uk; Zhang, Qian [Nanoscience Centre, University of Cambridge, 9 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom)

    2014-08-25

    An approach to reproducibly fabricate molecular electronic devices is presented. Lateral nanometer-scale gaps with high yield are formed in Au/Pd nanowires by a combination of electromigration and Joule-heating-induced thermomechanical stress. The resulting nanogap devices are used to measure the electrical properties of small numbers of two different molecular species with different end-groups, namely 1,4-butane dithiol and 1,5-diamino-2-methylpentane. Fluctuations in the current reveal that in the case of the dithiol molecule devices, individual molecules conduct intermittently, with the fluctuations becoming more pronounced at larger biases.

  12. Lateral chirality-sorting optical forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayat, Amaury; Mueller, J. P. Balthasar; Capasso, Federico

    2015-01-01

    The transverse component of the spin angular momentum of evanescent waves gives rise to lateral optical forces on chiral particles, which have the unusual property of acting in a direction in which there is neither a field gradient nor wave propagation. Because their direction and strength depends on the chiral polarizability of the particle, they act as chirality-sorting and may offer a mechanism for passive chirality spectroscopy. The absolute strength of the forces also substantially exceeds that of other recently predicted sideways optical forces. PMID:26453555

  13. Monopod Bucket Foundations Under Cyclic Lateral Loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2016-01-01

    The monopod bucket foundation has the potential to become a cost-reducing substructure for offshore wind turbines. To avoid problems during the energy converter operation, the long-term effect of cyclic loading must be considered in the design of the foundation. In this paper, a 1-g testing rig...... is adopted to extend the knowledge of bucket foundations under lateral cyclic loading. The test setup is described, and a comprehensive experimental campaign is presented. The effect of some important system parameters on the long-term plastic rotation is analysed. Key aspects of the cyclic load behavior...... of bucket foundations are discussed....

  14. Lateral elbow tendinopathy: Evidence of physiotherapy management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrios, Stasinopoulos

    2016-08-18

    Lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET) is a common musculoskeletal/sports injury. A plethora of physiotherapy techniques has been proposed in the management of LET. The exercise programme is the most common treatment in the management of LET. The optimal protocol of exercise programme is still unknown. The effectiveness of the exercise programme is low when it is applied as monotherapy. Therefore, exercise programme is combined with other physiotherapy modalities such as soft tissue techniques, external support, acupuncture, manual therapy and electrotherapy, in the treatment of LET. Future research is needed to determine which treatment strategy combined with exercise programme will provide the best results in LET rehabilitation. PMID:27622145

  15. STRAIN ANALYSIS OF LATERAL EXTRUSION PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The strain distribution of equal-cross section lateral extrusion(ECSLE) has been simulated by finite element method. Considering the effect of friction and the width of sample, the simulation results are very close to the reality. The simulated results showed that, around the corner of die, the strain is distributed by sharp layers, and the gradient of the layers is very large, which means that the deformation is just plane shear deformation; the larger the width of sample or the smaller the friction, the more uniform the strain distribution is.

  16. Lateral Interactions in Monolayer Thick Mercury Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kime, Yolanda Jan

    An understanding of lateral adatom-adatom interactions is often an important part of understanding electronic structure and adsorption energetics in monolayer thick films. In this dissertation I use angle-resolved photoemission and thermal desorption spectroscopies to explore the relationship between the adatom-adatom interaction and other characteristics of the adlayer, such as electronic structure, defects, or coexistent structural phases in the adlayer. Since Hg binds weakly to many substrates, the lateral interactions are often a major contribution to the dynamics of the overlayer. Hg adlayer systems are thus ideal for probing lateral interactions. The electronic structures of Hg adlayers on Ag(100), Cu(100), and Cu_3Au(100) are studied with angle-resolved ultraviolet photoemission. The Hg atomic 5d_{5/2} electronic band is observed to split into two levels following adsorption onto some surfaces. The energetic splitting of the Hg 5d_{5/2} level is found to be directly correlated to the adlayer homogeneous strain energy. The existence of the split off level also depends on the order or disorder of the Hg adlayer. The energetics of Hg adsorption on Cu(100) are probed using thermal desorption spectroscopy. Two different ordered adlayer structures are observed for Hg adsorption on Cu(100) at 200 K. Under some adsorption conditions and over a range of exposures, the two phases are seen to coexist on the surface prior to the thermal desorption process. A phase transition from the more dense to the less dense phase is observed to occur during the thermal desorption process. Inherent differences in defect densities are responsible for the observed differences between lateral interactions measured previously with equilibrium (atom beam scattering) and as measured by the non-equilibrium (thermal desorption) technique reported here. Theoretical and experimental evidence for an indirect through-metal interaction between adatoms is also discussed. Although through

  17. Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Classical wine glass sign on magnetic resonance imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Saurabh; Aga, Pallavi; Gupta, Aakansha; Kohli, Neera

    2016-01-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig disease, is a chronic degenerative neurologic disease and is characterized by the selective involvement of the motor system. Usually, patients present with upper motor neuron (UMN) and lower motor neuron compromise. Degeneration of the UMN in the cerebral cortex is one of the main pathologic changes in ALS. These changes usually affect corticospinal tracts leading to degeneration of the fibers which show characteristic hyperintensities along the tracts leading to the “wine glass sign.” Patients with ALS usually present in the sixth decade of life; presentation in pediatric age in the form of juvenile ALS being rare. PMID:27195035

  18. Treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome with ulnar nerve anterior submuscular transposition and medial epicondyle muscle group in situ reconstruction via a bone tunnel%尺神经肌下前置肱骨内上髁肌群经骨道原位重建治疗肘管综合征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小路; 林其仁

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effectiveness of treating moderate to severe cubital tunnel syndrome with ulnar nerve decompression,anterior submuscular transposition and medial epicondyle muscle group in situ reconstruction via a bone tunnel.Methods The clinical data of 45 cases of moderate to severe cubital tunnel syndrome diagnosed between January 2005 and October 2012 were analyzed.The ulnar nerve was decompressed and its perfnsion by the superior ulnar collateral artery was observed under the surgical microscope intraoperatively.After ulnar nerve was transposed anteriorly,the detached medial epicondyle muscle group was reconstructed in situ through a bone tuunel under direct view.The size of the new ulnar nerve tunnel and mobility of the ulnar nerve were observed.Postoperative recovery was follow-up including pain,sensation,muscular atrophy recovery,claw hand,grip strength,wrist flexion and forearm pronation.Results All 45 cases were follow-up for 6 to 18 months.Intraoperative microscopic observation showed good ulnar nerve perfusion by the superior ulnar collateral artery.Reattachment of the medial epicondyle muscle group was secure.The newly formed cubital tunnel could allow an 8 mm dilator without tension in elbow full extension position.Ulnar nerve could glide freely upon elbow flexion and extension.According to the cubital tunnel syndrome function evaluation standard suggested by Gu Yudong,the results were graded as excellent in 20 cases,good in 17 cases,and fair in 8 cases.The overall excellent and good rate was 82.22%.Wrist flexion and forearm pronation force recovered to preoperative level in all the patients 3 months after the operation.Conclusion Including superior ulnar collateral artery in the anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve provides good blood supply to the nerve and benefits nerve recovery.In situ reconstruction of the medial epicondyle muscle group through a bone tunnel puts the ulnar nerve anderneath flexor carpi ulnaris and

  19. Craniosacral Therapy for the Treatment of Chronic Neck Pain

    OpenAIRE

    Haller, Heidemarie; Lauche, Romy; Cramer, Holger; Rampp, Thomas; Saha, Felix J.; Ostermann, Thomas; Dobos, Gustav

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: With growing evidence for the effectiveness of craniosacral therapy (CST) for pain management, the efficacy of CST remains unclear. This study therefore aimed at investigating CST in comparison with sham treatment in chronic nonspecific neck pain patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 54 blinded patients were randomized into either 8 weekly units of CST or light-touch sham treatment. Outcomes were assessed before and after treatment (week 8) and again 3 months later (week 20)...

  20. Open release for post-traumatic stiff elbow with combined medial-lateral approaches%内外侧联合入路治疗创伤性肘关节僵硬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李连欣; 陶扶林; 周东生; 郝振海; 王永会; 徐鹏

    2016-01-01

    approach:cut at 4-5 cm above the lateral epicondyle, extend down the incision by 3-4 cm,peel the triceps back,release adhesions between the triceps and humeral shaft,clean scar tissues and osteophytes within the olecranon fossa,then peel brachioradialis and origination of radial extensor carpi off the lateral epicondyle,retract the brachioradialis together with radial nerve medially to expose the anterior joint capsule,protect the lateral collateral ligament bundle,cut joint capsule towards the medial side and remove the lateral portion,clean the capitulum radii and coronoid fossa,remove osteophytes on the ulna coronoid process,use progressive external force to gradually restore maximal elbow flexion.Don′t force flexion and extension if restoration is ineffective,add the medial approach for further release.Medial approach:lift the front half of brachial muscle and pronator teres muscle,lift the medial portion of triceps from back of the humerus,isolate and protect the ulnar nerve,retain the anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament in order to avoid valgus instability,remove the remaining medial collateral ligament along with part of the joint capsule.Isolate flexor and pronator teres under periosteum,remove medial coronoid osteophytes and contracted anterior joint capsule,improve elbow flexion,then separate humeral insertion of triceps to reveal posterior elbow and olecranon fossa,clean foreign ossification tissues,remove scar tissue, posterior joint capsule and olecranon osteophytes, and improve elbow extension.Through this combined medial and lateral approach,both anterior and posterior sides of the brachial ulnar joint and brachioradial joint can be optimally exposed and released,and the ulnar nerve can be placed anteriorly. After the release,place drainage tube and suture layer by layer.If it is found during the surgery that elbow joint space is too narrow,or surgery release affects stability of the elbow,proper phase I repair of ligament should be done

  1. Lateral Pectoral Nerve Injury Mimicking Cervical Radiculopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aktas, Ilknur; Palamar, Deniz; Akgun, Kenan

    2015-07-01

    The lateral pectoral nerve (LPN) is commonly injured along with the brachial plexus, but its isolated lesions are rare. Here, we present a case of an isolated LPN lesion confused with cervical radiculopathy. A 41-year-old man was admitted to our clinic because of weakness in his right arm. Previous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination revealed right posterolateral protrusion at the C6-7 level. At the initial assessment, atrophy of the right pectoralis major muscle was evident, and mild weakness of the right shoulder adductor, internal rotator, and flexor muscles was observed. Therefore, electrodiagnostic evaluation was performed, and a diagnosis of isolated LPN injury was made. Nerve injury was thought to have been caused by weightlifting exercises and traction injury. Lateral pectoral nerve injury can mimic cervical radiculopathy, and MRI examination alone may lead to misdiagnosis. Repeated physical examinations during the evaluation and treatment phase will identify the muscle atrophy that occurs 1 or more months after the injury. PMID:25290103

  2. Lateralization of auditory-cortex functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tervaniemi, Mari; Hugdahl, Kenneth

    2003-12-01

    In the present review, we summarize the most recent findings and current views about the structural and functional basis of human brain lateralization in the auditory modality. Main emphasis is given to hemodynamic and electromagnetic data of healthy adult participants with regard to music- vs. speech-sound encoding. Moreover, a selective set of behavioral dichotic-listening (DL) results and clinical findings (e.g., schizophrenia, dyslexia) are included. It is shown that human brain has a strong predisposition to process speech sounds in the left and music sounds in the right auditory cortex in the temporal lobe. Up to great extent, an auditory area located at the posterior end of the temporal lobe (called planum temporale [PT]) underlies this functional asymmetry. However, the predisposition is not bound to informational sound content but to rapid temporal information more common in speech than in music sounds. Finally, we obtain evidence for the vulnerability of the functional specialization of sound processing. These altered forms of lateralization may be caused by top-down and bottom-up effects inter- and intraindividually In other words, relatively small changes in acoustic sound features or in their familiarity may modify the degree in which the left vs. right auditory areas contribute to sound encoding. PMID:14629926

  3. The Chronic Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Iben M; Frederiksen, Kirsten; Beedholm, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    behavior to be the main factors influencing susceptibility to chronic diseases. We argue that this discursive construction naturalizes a division between people who can actively manage responsible self-care and those who cannot. Such discourses may serve the interests of those patients who are already...

  4. Chronic fatigue syndrome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prins, J.B.; Meer, J.W.M. van der; Bleijenberg, G.

    2006-01-01

    During the past two decades, there has been heated debate about chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) among researchers, practitioners, and patients. Few illnesses have been discussed so extensively. The existence of the disorder has been questioned, its underlying pathophysiology debated, and an effective

  5. Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cancers by Body Location Childhood Cancers Adolescent & Young Adult Cancers Metastatic Cancer Recurrent Cancer Research NCI’s Role in ... on the hands and feet. Muscle pain. Itching. Diarrhea . Stages of Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Key Points There is no standard staging system ...

  6. CHRONIC PROBLEM FAMILIES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    STONE, EDWARD

    THE REPORT POINTS OUT THAT, IN GENERAL, CHRONIC PROBLEM PARENTS GREW UP IN ENVIRONMENTS OF EMOTIONAL IMPOVERISHMENT, INCONSISTENCY, CONFUSION, AND DISORDER, OFTEN WITH DEPRIVATION OF FOOD, CLOTHING, AND SHELTER. THESE PARENTS CATEGORIZE PEOPLE AS THOSE WHO GIVE AND THOSE WHO TAKE. THEY BLAME THEIR PROBLEMS ON EXTERNAL CIRCUMSTANCES NOT UNDER THEIR…

  7. What Is Chronic Pain?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... manageable, but chronic pain is different. And because it is different, we need to think about it in very different ways. Ed Covington, M.D.: ... no apparent physical injury or illness to explain it. The physician and the patient are accustomed to ...

  8. Chronic meningitis and central nervous system vasculopathy related to Epstein Barr virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Kumar B Patil

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic active Epstein Barr virus (EBV infection causes a wide spectrum of manifestation, due to meningeal, parenchymal and vascular involvement. An 11-year-old boy presented with chronic headache, fever and seizures of 18 months duration. His magnetic resonance imaging Brain showed fusiform aneurysmal dilatations of arteries of both the anterior and posterior cerebral circulation. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF showed persistent lymphocytic pleocytosis, raised proteins and low sugar with positive polymerase chain reaction for EBV. He later developed pancytopenia due to bone marrow aplasia, with secondary infection and expired. From clinical, imaging and CSF findings, he had chronic lymphocytic meningitis with vasculopathy, which was isolated to the central nervous system. He later had marrow aplasia probably due to X-linked lymphoproliferative disorder related to EBV infection. Vasculopathy, especially diffuse fusiform aneurysmal dilatation associated with chronic EBV infection, is rare, but has been described, similar to our case report.

  9. Nuclear TAR DNA-binding protein 43 A new target for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mei Zheng; Yujie Shi; Dongsheng Fan

    2013-01-01

    Abnormal TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) inclusion bodies can be detected in the degener-ative neurons of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In this study, we induced chronic oxidative stress in-jury by applying malonate to cultured mouse cortical motor neurons. In the later stages of the ma-lonate insult, TDP-43 expression reduced in the nuclei and transferred to the cytoplasm. This was accompanied by neuronal death, mimicking the pathological changes in TDP-43 that are seen in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Interestingly, in the early stages of the response to ma-lonate treatment, nuclear TDP-43 expression increased, and neurons remained relatively intact, without inclusion bodies or fragmentation. Therefore, we hypothesized that the increase of nuclear TDP-43 expression might be a pro-survival factor against oxidative stress injury. This hypothesis was confirmed by an in vitro transgenic experiment, in which overexpression of wild type mouse TDP-43 in cultured cortical motor neurons significantly reduced malonate-induced neuronal death. Our findings suggest that the loss of function of TDP-43 is an important cause of neuronal dege-neration, and upregulation of nuclear TDP-43 expression might be neuroprotective in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

  10. Neglected lateral process of talus fracture presenting as a loose body in tarsal canal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kamal Bali; Sharad Prabhakar; Nitesh Gahlot; Mandeep S Dhillon

    2011-01-01

    Lateral process fractures of talus are rare injuries with a potential to cause significant morbidity if rnisdiagnosed.The appropriate management of these fractures is still controversial and only a few reports are available on this subject.We presented a case of a 37-year-old male with neglected fracture on the lateral process of talus which was misdiagnosed at the time of injury.The patient presented to 7 months after misdiagnosis with a chronic ankle pain.Our case is unique in the sense that it is a rare case of neglected fracture on the lateral process of talus which presented as a loose body in sinus tarsi.However,a surgery with an excision of the loose body presented a satisfactory outcome along with 2 years' follow-up.To our knowledge,it ought to be the first case reported in the English literature.Through this case report,we highlight the importance of high index of suspicion for such rare bony injuries while evaluating trauma to the lateral side of ankle and discuss the principles of management of these fractures.

  11. Surgical treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanović Dejan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The principal indication for surgical intervention in chronic pancreatitis is intractable pain. Depending upon the presence of dilated pancreatic ductal system, pancreatic duct drainage procedures and different kinds of pancreatic resections are applied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to show the most appropriate procedure to gain the most possible benefits in dependence of type of pathohistological process in chronic pancreatitis. METHOD: Our study included 58 patients with intractable pain caused by chronic pancreatitis of alcoholic genesis. The first group consisted of 30 patients with dilated pancreatic ductal system more than 10 mm. The second group involved 28 patients without dilated pancreatic ductal system. Pain relief, weight gain and glucose tolerance were monitored. RESULTS: All patients of Group I (30 underwent latero-lateral pancreaticojejunal - Puestow operation. 80% of patients had no pain after 6 month, 13.6% had rare pain and 2 patients, i.e. 6.4%, who continued to consume alcohol, had strong pain. Group II consisting of 28 patients was without dilated pancreatic ductal system. This group was subjected to various types of pancreatic resections. Whipple procedure (W was done in 6 patients, pylorus preserving Whipple (PPW in 7 cases, and duodenum preserving cephalic pancreatectomy (DPCP was performed in 15 patients. Generally, 89.2% of patients had no pain 6 month after the operation. An average weight gain was 1.9 kg in W group, 2.8 kg in PPW group and 4.1 kg in DPCP group. Insulin-dependent diabetes was recorded in 66.6% in W group, 57.1% in PPW group and 0% in DPCP group. CONCLUSION: According to our opinion, DPCP may be considered the procedure of choice for surgical treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis in patients without dilatation of pancreas ductal system because of no serious postoperative metabolic consequences.

  12. Chronic Pain: Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in the treatment. Treatment With chronic pain, the goal of treatment is to reduce pain and improve ... some treatments used for chronic pain. Less invasive psychotherapy, relaxation therapies, biofeedback, and behavior modification may also ...

  13. Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Understanding Task Force Recommendations Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) has issued a final recommendation on Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) . This recommendation ...

  14. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Share Compartir Symptoms On this Page ... Symptoms What's the Clinical Course of CFS? Chronic fatigue syndrome can be misdiagnosed or overlooked because its ...

  15. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V K Vijayan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The global prevalence of physiologically defined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD in adults aged >40 yr is approximately 9-10 per cent. Recently, the Indian Study on Epidemiology of Asthma, Respiratory Symptoms and Chronic Bronchitis in Adults had shown that the overall prevalence of chronic bronchitis in adults >35 yr is 3.49 per cent. The development of COPD is multifactorial and the risk factors of COPD include genetic and environmental factors. Pathological changes in COPD are observed in central airways, small airways and alveolar space. The proposed pathogenesis of COPD includes proteinase-antiproteinase hypothesis, immunological mechanisms, oxidant-antioxidant balance, systemic inflammation, apoptosis and ineffective repair. Airflow limitation in COPD is defined as a postbronchodilator FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 sec to FVC (forced vital capacity ratio <0.70. COPD is characterized by an accelerated decline in FEV1. Co morbidities associated with COPD are cardiovascular disorders (coronary artery disease and chronic heart failure, hypertension, metabolic diseases (diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and obesity, bone disease (osteoporosis and osteopenia, stroke, lung cancer, cachexia, skeletal muscle weakness, anaemia, depression and cognitive decline. The assessment of COPD is required to determine the severity of the disease, its impact on the health status and the risk of future events (e.g., exacerbations, hospital admissions or death and this is essential to guide therapy. COPD is treated with inhaled bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, oral theophylline and oral phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor. Non pharmacological treatment of COPD includes smoking cessation, pulmonary rehabilitation and nutritional support. Lung volume reduction surgery and lung transplantation are advised in selected severe patients. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management and prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  16. Revisiting cognitive rehearsal as an intervention against incivility and lateral violence in nursing: 10 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Martha; Clark, Cynthia M

    2014-12-01

    Ten years ago, Griffin wrote an article on the use of cognitive rehearsal as a shield for lateral violence. Since then, cognitive rehearsal has been used successfully in several studies as an evidence-based strategy to address uncivil and bullying behaviors in nursing. In the original study, 26 newly licensed nurses learned about lateral violence and used cognitive rehearsal techniques as an intervention for nurse-to-nurse incivility. The newly licensed nurses described using the rehearsed strategies as difficult, yet successful in reducing or eliminating incivility and lateral violence. This article updates the literature on cognitive rehearsal and reviews the use of cognitive rehearsal as an evidence-based strategy to address incivility and bullvina behaviors in nursing. PMID:25406637

  17. Defining and Measuring Chronic Conditions

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-05-20

    This podcast is an interview with Dr. Anand Parekh, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, and Dr. Samuel Posner, Preventing Chronic Disease Editor in Chief, about the definition and burden of multiple chronic conditions in the United States.  Created: 5/20/2013 by Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 5/20/2013.

  18. MR imaging features of chronically torn anterior cruciate ligament

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niitsu, Mamoru; Kuramochi, Masashi; Ikeda, Kotaroh; Fukubayashi, Tohru; Anno, Izumi; Itai, Yuji [Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Clinical Medicine

    1995-06-01

    Magnetic resonance (MR) images of 40 knee joints with arthroscopically proved chronic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears were retrospectively evaluated. MRI demonstrated various features of chronic ACL tears: 19 knees revealed with no identifiable ligamentous structure, and 21 had residual ligamentous structures. These pseudoligaments, 14 discontinuous bands and seven continuous bands with elongation, were residual torn ligamentous fibers and/or synovial tissues. All the discontinuous bands were disrupted from the femoral attachment and were likely to traverse the lower intercondylar space. Six disrupted ligaments were attached to the lateral aspect of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Coronal T2{sup *}-weighted gradient echo images showed better delineation of the disrupted femoral attachment and adhesion to the PCL. A chronic ACL tear with minimal elongation or with PCL attachment at a higher position may occasionally be difficult to distinguish from an intact ligament. (author).

  19. MR imaging features of chronically torn anterior cruciate ligament

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic resonance (MR) images of 40 knee joints with arthroscopically proved chronic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears were retrospectively evaluated. MRI demonstrated various features of chronic ACL tears: 19 knees revealed with no identifiable ligamentous structure, and 21 had residual ligamentous structures. These pseudoligaments, 14 discontinuous bands and seven continuous bands with elongation, were residual torn ligamentous fibers and/or synovial tissues. All the discontinuous bands were disrupted from the femoral attachment and were likely to traverse the lower intercondylar space. Six disrupted ligaments were attached to the lateral aspect of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Coronal T2*-weighted gradient echo images showed better delineation of the disrupted femoral attachment and adhesion to the PCL. A chronic ACL tear with minimal elongation or with PCL attachment at a higher position may occasionally be difficult to distinguish from an intact ligament. (author)

  20. Centrifuge modelling of lateral displacement of buried pipelines; Modelagem fisica centrifuga de flambagem lateral de dutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Jose Renato Moreira da Silva de; Almeida, Marcio de Souza Soares de; Marques, Maria Esther Soares; Almeida, Maria Cascao Ferreira de [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE); Costa, Alvaro Maia da [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas (CENPES)

    2003-07-01

    This work discusses soil-structure interaction applied to the buckling phenomena of buried pipelines subjected to heated oil flow. A set of physical modelling tests on lateral buckling of pipelines buried on soft clay is presented using COPPE/UFRJ geotechnical centrifuge. A 1:30 pipeline model was moved side ward through a soft clay layer during centrifuge flight, varying the burial depth, in order to simulate the lateral buckling in plane strain condition. The results show different behaviour concerning horizontal and vertical forces measured at pipeline level due to soil reaction. (author)