Adams, Tracey L
The regulation of foot health care professionals varies across provinces in Canada. In Ontario, the regulated health profession is chiropody. Chiropodists are foot specialists with a limited scope of practice. In contrast, British Columbia and five other provinces regulate podiatrists, who are highly trained foot physicians with an extensive scope of practice. This article explores the history of chiropody/podiatry in Ontario and British Columbia from the early 1900s through the 1980s in order to understand how professional development in this field took such divergent paths within Canada. In so doing, it not only sheds light on a health practice that has received little scholarly attention, but it also highlights the centrality of inter-professional conflict and state actors' agendas to professional regulatory outcomes.
Woodburn, Jim; Sutcliffe, Nick
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), initially developed for undergraduate medical education, has been adapted for assessment of clinical skills in podiatry students. A 12-month pilot study found the test had relatively low levels of reliability, high construct and criterion validity, and good stability of performance over time.…
McLarnon, Nichola; Burrow, Gordon; Maclaren, William; Aidoo, Kofi; Hepher, Mike
A small-scale study was conducted to ascertain the efficiency and effectiveness of an air filtration system for use in podiatry/chiropody clinics (Electromedia Model 35F (A), Clean Air Ltd, Scotland, UK). Three clinics were identified, enabling comparison of data between podiatry clinics in the West of Scotland. The sampling was conducted using a portable Surface Air Sampler (Cherwell Laboratories, Bicester, UK). Samples were taken on two days at three different times before and after installation of the filtration units. The global results of the study indicate the filter has a statistically significant effect on microbial counts, with an average percentage decrease of 65%. This study is the first time, to the authors' knowledge, such a system has been tested within podiatric practice.
Nursing home residents with diabetes have more complex care needs with higher levels of comorbidity, disability and cognitive impairment. We compared current practice in the 44 long-term residents in Peamount hospital with the standards recommended in the Diabetes UK “Good Clinical Practice Guidelines for Care Home Residents with Diabetes”. Of 44 residents, 11 were diabetic. Residents did not have specific diabetes care plans. There were some elements of good practice with a low incidence of hypoglycaemia and in-house access to dietetics and chiropody. However, diabetes care was delivered on an ad-hoc basis without individualised care plans, documented glycaemic targets, or scheduled monitoring for complications and no formal screening for diabetes on admission. National and local policy to guide management of diabetes mellitus should be developed. There should be individualised diabetes care plans, clear policies for hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia and long-term diabetes complications, screening on admission and increased uptake of the national retinal screening and foot care programmes.
Antonio Martínez Sabater
Full Text Available Dentro del trabajo diario del profesional de enfermería con los mayores, la atención al paciente con diabetes mellitus (DM supone una parte importante del quehacer diario. El pie diabético supone una de las complicaciones más frecuentes que van a suponer un mayor coste, no sólo a nivel físico, sino social y económico, tanto para el paciente como para la sociedad. Nos planteamos realizar un estudio descriptivo observacional sobre los hábitos higiénicos respecto al cuidado de los pies de los pacientes mayores de 60 años afectos de diabetes mellitus remitidos a la consulta de enfermería, encontrándose un déficit importante de cuidados podológicos en los pacientes estudiados. El profesional de enfermería, por el alto contacto que tiene con el paciente afecto de diabetes mellitus, es un factor importante en la prevención y detección precoz del pie diabético y de la promoción de hábitos saludables.Taking care of diabetes mellitus (DM patients is one of the main chores in geriatric nursery. "Diabetic foot" is the most common problem and it actually entails a great deal of expenses, physically, socially and economically speaking, as well for the patient as for the community. What we did was an observational and descriptive research about foot cleansing habits in diabetes mellitus patients over 60 years old and we found out a severe lack of chiropody care. Due to the fact their work involves having a close contact with diabetes mellitus patients, nursing professionals become an outstanding agent on an early detection and prevention of the "diabetic foot" in addition of improving healthy cleaning habits.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Older people living in care homes in England have complex health needs due to a range of medical conditions, mental health needs and frailty. Despite an increasing policy expectation that professionals should operate in an integrated way across organisational boundaries, there is a lack of understanding between care homes and the National Health Service (NHS about how the two sectors should work together, meaning that residents can experience a poor "fit" between their needs, and services they can access. This paper describes a survey to establish the current extent of integrated working that exists between care homes and primary and community health and social services. Methods A self-completion, online questionnaire was designed by the research team. Items on the different dimensions of integration (funding, administrative, organisational, service delivery, clinical care were included. The survey was sent to a random sample of residential care homes with more than 25 beds (n = 621 in England in 2009. Responses were analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Results The survey achieved an overall response rate of 15.8%. Most care homes (78.7% worked with more than one general practice. Respondents indicated that a mean of 14.1 professionals/ services (other than GPs had visited the care homes in the last six months (SD 5.11, median 14; a mean of .39 (SD.163 professionals/services per bed. The most frequent services visiting were district nursing, chiropody and community psychiatric nurses. Many (60% managers considered that they worked with the NHS in an integrated way, including sharing documents, engaging in integrated care planning and joint learning and training. However, some care home managers cited working practices dictated by NHS methods of service delivery and priorities for care, rather than those of the care home or residents, a lack of willingness by NHS professionals to share information, and low