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  1. Natural gamma radioactivity and of {sup 137} Cs in soil of the Chimaltitan municipality, Jalisco, Mexico; Radiactividad gamma natural y del {sup 137} Cs en suelo del Municipio de Chimaltitan, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Garay, A.; Mireles, F.; Quirino, L.L.; Davila, J.I.; Rios, C.; Lugo, J.F.; Soriano, J.M.; Angoli, A. [UAEN-Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Cipres 10, Frac. La Penuela, 98000 Zacatecas (Mexico)]. e-mail: albinogaray@hotmail.com.mx

    2003-07-01

    With the purpose of determining the activity due to the natural presence of the {sup 226} Ra, {sup 232} Th, {sup 40} K and {sup 137} Cs in soil samples, of the municipality of Chimaltitan Jalisco. A set of these samples was measured in a gamma ray spectrometric system based on a High-purity Germanium detector. It is well-known that approximately 87% of the dose of the received radiation by the population is due to sources of natural radiation and 13% of the anthropogenic radiation. The gamma radiation comes mainly from the {sup 40} K and of those radionuclides of the series of radioactive decay of {sup 238} U and {sup 232} Th that its find dispersed thoroughly in the terrestrial crust. In this work its were analyzed twenty-two soil samples. It is enlarged the activity characterization for the radioisotopes of {sup 226} Ra {sup 232} Th, {sup 40} K and {sup 137} Cs. (Author)

  2. Seismic Hazard at Jalisco Block, Mexico; Peligro Sismico en el Bloque de Jalisco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez Cornu, F. J.

    2011-07-01

    Historically large and very destructive earthquakes as well as tsunamis occurred along the Jalisco Block at the west part of Mexico. Using available historic data and recent seismic studies, we revise and reevaluate the localization of these earthquakes. We conclude that exists high seismic hazard, therefore it is necessary a systematic and continuous study of the seismicity along the area. The north shore of Jalisco present the highest seismic hazard, nevertheless we cannot ignore medium earthquakes (6.9

  3. Sports Facilities, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico.

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    Amelar, Sarah

    2001-01-01

    Highlights a new K-12 school gymnasium in Mexico that changes and reacts to weather conditions, requires no air conditioning, and, on typical days, uses sunlight filtering through its ample clerestory as the sole source of illumination. Includes numerous photographs, a section drawing, and a site plan. (GR)

  4. Seismicity at Jalisco-Nayarit Border, Mexico

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    Rutz, M.; Nunez-Cornu, F.; Camarena, M.; Trejo, E.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Suarez-Plasencia, C.

    2003-12-01

    Since 2002 a regional seismic network from Jalisco Civil Defense and University of Guadalalajara is monitoring seismicity at the northwest border of Jalisco block. With the installation of a seismic station on Ceboruco Volcano, by Nayarit Civil Defense, coverage of the network extends to east. Ceboruco Volcano is located on the Tepic-Zacoalco graben, the east border of Jalisco block, this allow us to begin to monitoring this area. The zone of Bahia de Banderas, between the north coast of Jalisco and south coast of Nayarit, probably on a tectonic triple point, is a region of high seismic potential. Activ tectonic structures and clusters in the zone of El Tuito and the Dam Cajon de Pe¤as have been identified. The seismicity in the north area of the bay is low, meanwhile in the south, where the bay is deeper, the seismicity level is higher with an East-West tendency. At the east, the Amatlan de Ca¤as-Ameca zone presents continue activity, here have been possible to locate events with local magnitude between 2 and 4. Tectonovolcanic events registred at Ceboruco station presents waveform with scattering. The seismic distribution of the coast of Jalisco shows parallel alignments to the trench throughout al the coast. Other perpendicular alignments to the coastline show active morphologic structures within the Jalisco block related to the subduction of the Rivera plate under the Jalisco block.

  5. Fishprint of Coastal Fisheries in Jalisco, Mexico

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    Myrna Leticia Bravo-Olivas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Coastal fisheries contribute to global food security, since fish are an important source of protein for many coastal communities in the world. However, they are constrained by problems, such as weak management of fisheries and overfishing. Local communities perceive that they are fishing less, as in other fisheries in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fisheries sustainability in the Jalisco coast through the fishing footprint, or fishprint (FP, based on the primary productivity required (PPR and the appropriated surface by the activity (biocapacity. The total catch was 20,448.2 metric tons from 2002–2012, and the average footprint was calculated to be 65,458 gha/year, a figure that quadrupled in a period of 10 years; the biocapacity decreased, and the average trophic level of catches was 3.1, which implies that it has remained at average levels, resulting in a positive balance between biocapacity and ecological footprint. Therefore, under this approach, the fishing activity is sustainable along the coast of Jalisco.

  6. Hydrogeochemical analyses of groundwater from Ameca, Jalisco Mexico.

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    Tostado, M.; Rosas-Elguera, J.; Gomez Hermosillo, C.

    2008-05-01

    The accelerated demographic and industrial growth of settlements in mid cities and surrounding urbane areas, requires larger water volumes for its support, including public use. Usually, these requirements are not met by superficial waters consequently underground water is required to fulfill the general necessities. TheAmeca region in Jalisco, Mexico, is located around 80km west of Guadalajara. This region has been sustained by Agriculture and mining for several decades. This last activity has been mainly developed to the north of the city, precisely on the recharge zone. The infiltrated water, eventually form the aquifers. While it travels, and due to its intrinsic dilution capacity, the water may become polluted. Eventually, if he pollutants are toxic, the water from wells used in cities like Ameca, may result in serious health problems. In this study, the Ameca aquifer is evaluated through chemical analyses of the water from wells serving the city. Thus the natural pollution caused by mineral deposit zones and mines located on the recharge zone can be evaluated.

  7. Solanaceae diversity in the state of Jalisco, Mexico Diversidad de la familia Solanaceae en el estado de Jalisco, México

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    Carmen Teresa Cuevas-Arias; Ofelia Vargas; Aarón Rodríguez

    2008-01-01

    Mexico is a center of diversity for Solanaceae. Our objective is to analyze the species diversity and geographical distribution of the Solanaceae in Jalisco. The data come from 3 405 herbarium specimens. An analysis of these specimens indicates that the Solanaceae in Jalisco are represented by 20 genera, 138 species and 140 taxa. Four genera, Solanum (55 species), Physalis (35), Cestrum (10) and Lycianthes (9) represent 79% of the total number of species. In contrast, Brachistus, Browallia, C...

  8. Presence of the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in northern Jalisco, Mexico

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    Iván Trinidad Ahumada-Carrillo; José Carlos Arenas-Monroy; Mario Alberto Íñiguez

    2013-01-01

    High-elevation records of ocelot in the municipality of Bolaños, Jalisco are presented. These records were obtained via camera trapping, and bridge a distributional gap between populations in Nayarit and Aguascalientes states.

  9. The Spanish Influence on the Mestizo Folk Dance of Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco, Mexico.

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    Trujillo, Lawrence Alan

    Folk dances from three regions of Mexico (Yucatan, Veracruz, and Jalisco) are examined. Emphasis is placed on the ways in which these folk dances reflect the history and cultural attitudes of the Mexican people and, particularly, on the influence of Spanish culture and history on Mexican folk dances. For the dances of each of these areas,…

  10. Salvia cacomensis (Lamiaceae, a new species from Jalisco, Mexico Salvia cacomensis (Lamiaceae, una nueva especie de Jalisco, México

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    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A new species from a botanically little known region of Jalisco, Mexico, is described and illustrated. The morphology of Salvia cacomensis J. G. González, J. Morales et J. Rodríguez is related to that of the species of sections Briquetia Epling and Tubiflorae (Epling Epling of subgenus Calosphace (Benth. Benth. The new taxon is distinguished by the combination of its essentially glabrous surface, the 2-flowered verticillasters, the pink to magenta corollas, and the particular dimensions of the floral bract, the calyx and the corolla.Se describe e ilustra una especie nueva procedente de una región botánicamente poco conocida de Jalisco, México. La morfología de Salvia cacomensis J. G. González, J. Morales et J. Rodríguez está relacionada con aquella de las especies de las secciones Briquetia Epling y Tubiflorae (Epling Epling del subgénero Calosphace (Benth. Benth. El nuevo taxón se distingue por la combinación de su superficie esencialmente glabra, sus verticilastros bifloros, el color rosa o magenta de sus corolas y las dimensiones particulares de la bráctea floral, el cáliz y la corola.

  11. Variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en Jalisco, México Regional variations in homicide mortality in Jalisco, Mexico

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    María Guadalupe Vega-López

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio busca describir las variaciones regionales de la mortalidad por homicidios en el estado de Jalisco, México, en 1989-1991, 1994-1996 y 1999-2000, analizando a su vez el comportamiento de la tasa de homicidios según género y estratos de bienestar socioeconómico. A partir de la información sobre mortalidad generada por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía y Informática, se calcularon tasas ajustadas por edad y género e índices de sobremortalidad masculina. Además, se calcularon razones de tasa y su intervalo de confianza (95%. Los resultados reflejan que la tasa de homicidios presenta una tendencia decreciente en los años 90; que existe un patrón regional de la mortalidad por homicidios, observándose las tasas más altas en regiones periféricas del estado consideradas entre las más pobres; que los municipios ubicados en el estrato de bienestar más bajo presentan un exceso de mortalidad por homicidios estadísticamente significativo, y que hay una evidente sobremortalidad masculina por esta causa. Aspectos como los antes descritos implican tareas y desafíos para la salud pública y para los organismos encargados de preservar la ley y el orden, entre ellos la necesidad de implementar políticas intersectoriales diferenciadas, que tomen en consideración las particularidades que rodean al homicidio y al crimen violento en Jalisco.The present study describes regional variations in homicide rates in Jalisco State, Mexico, in 1989-1991, 1994-1996, and 1999-2000, analyzing the trends by gender and socioeconomic stratum. Using mortality data generated by the National Institute for Statistics, Geography, and Information Technology, homicide rates adjusted by age and gender were calculated, along with rate/female rate ratios; rate ratios by socioeconomic stratum and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated. According to the results, the homicide rate showed: a downward trend in the 1990s; a regional

  12. Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana and Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae), three new species from Jalisco, Mexico

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    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos; José Antonio Vázquez-García; Miguel de Jesús Cházaro-Basáñez

    2013-01-01

    Three new species from Jalisco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. These species grow in tropical or in tropical and temperate transitional forests. The 3 species belong to Salvia L. subgenus Calosphace (Benth.) Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González is morphologically similar with section Briquetia Epling. It is characterized by the contrasting vegetative morphology between mature and immature individuals, its relatively large and sessile or sub-sessile leaves (the uppermost amplexicaul...

  13. Seismicity and Stress in the Southern Jalisco Block, Mexico.

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    Sánchez, J. J.; Núñez-Cornũ, F. J.

    2008-12-01

    Fault plane solutions for a group of 41 earthquakes with Mw magnitudes between 4.9 and 8.0, detected between November 1980 and May 2007, were extracted from the CMT catalog and used to investigate possible spatial and temporal variations of stress in the south part of the Jalisco Block. Using rigorous statistical tests we decide on the quality and variability of the earthquake source mechanisms and with the use of FMSI and LSIB stress tensor inversion techniques and cumulative misfit analysis find, at the 95% confidence level or more, significantly different regions and periods of stress regime. An important difference in seismicity and stress between the southern and northern regions of the Jalisco Block is highlighted by the regular occurrence of earthquakes to the south, in stark contrast with the scarcity of seismicity with Mw > 4.9 north of 19.36°N, a region that is illuminated with smaller earthquakes when local temporal or permanent deployments of seismographs are used, as noted by previous studies. We conclude that the region located near the coordinates 105°W and 18.43°N appears as a particularly diffuse zone affected by various stress styles and that the period following the great Mw 8.0 earthquake on October 9, 1995 appears as a short-lived change in stress induced by the great shock.

  14. Extreme Subduction Earthquake Scenarios and their Economical Consequences for Mexico City and Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Chavez, M.; Cabrera, E.; Perea, N.

    2007-05-01

    The destructive effects of large magnitude, thrust subduction superficial (TSS) earthquakes on Mexico City (MC) and Guadalajara (G) has been shown in the recent centuries. For example, the 7/04/1845 a TSS earthquake with Ms 7+ and epicentral distance of about 250 km from MC occurred on the coast of the state of Guerrero, a Maximum Mercalli Modified Intensity (MMI) of IX-X was reported in MC. Furthermore, the 19/09/1985 a Ms 8.1, Mw 8.01, TSS earthquake with epicentral distance of about 340 km from MC occurred on the coast of the state of Michoacan, a maximum MMI of IX-X was reported in MC. Also, the largest, Ms 8.2, instrumentally observed TSS earthquake in Mexico, occurred in the Colima-Jalisco region the 3/06/1932, with epicentral distance of the order of 200 km from G in northwestern Mexico. The 9/10/1995 another similar event, Ms 7.4, Mw 8, with an epicentral distance of about 240 km from G, occurred in the same region and produced MMI IX in the epicentral zone and MMI up to VI in G. The frequency of occurrence of large TSS earthquakes in Mexico is poorly known, but it might vary from decades to centuries [1]. On the other hand, the first recordings of strong ground motions in MC dates from the early 1960´s and most of them were recorded after the 19/09/1985 earthquake. In G there is only one recording of the later event, and 13 for the one occurred the 9/10/1995 [2]. In order to fulfill the lack of strong ground motions records for large damaging TSS earthquakes, which could have an important economical impact on MC [3] and G, in this work we have modeled broadband synthetics (obtained with a hybrid model that has already been satisfactorily compared with observations of the 9/10/1995 Colima-Jalisco Mw 8 earthquake, [4]) expected in MC and G, associated to extreme magnitude Mw 8.5, TSS scenario earthquakes with epicenters in the so-called Guerrero gap and in the Colima-Jalisco zone, respectively. The proposed scenarios are based on the seismic history and up

  15. SMALL-SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS IN A PINE-OAK FOREST COMMUNITY IN NUEVA COLONIA, MEZQUITIC, JALISCO, MEXICO

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    Gregorio Nieves-Hernández; J. Antonio Vázquez-García; Yalma L. Vargas- Rodriguez; Marcelino Vázquez-García; Jesús González-Gallegos

    2009-01-01

    We explored environmental variables related to pine-oak forest community structure at one locality in Jalisco, Mexico. We used an NMS ordination in conjunction with the Sørensen distance to identify the major small-scale community gradients along 25 contiguous quadrats (25 m x 25 m, 400 m2 each) of pine-oak forest in Nueva Colonia, Mezquitic, Jalisco, Mexico. The main matrix (25 stands x 7 tree species) included basal area data, and the environmental matrix consisted of 19 quantitative enviro...

  16. New seismic images of the crust across the Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block (Mexico)

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    Cordoba, Diego; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco Javier; Bartolomé, Rafael; José Dañobeitia, Juan; Bandy, William Lee; Núñez, Diana; Prada, Manel; Escudero-Ayala, Christian; Espíndola, Juan Manuel; Zamora, Araceli; Gómez, Adán; Ortiz, Modesto; Tsujal Working Group

    2015-04-01

    During the spring and summer of 2014, we achieved an extensive offshore geophysical experiment at West Coast of México entitled "Crustal characterization of the Rivera Plate-Jalisco Block boundary and its implications for seismic and tsunami hazard assessment (TSUJAL)". The project is the result of continuous scientific collaboration between institutions in Mexico and Spain, whose main objective is to study the lithospheric structure at the collision zone between Rivera, North America Plates and the Jalisco Block, and identifying submarine structures which can potentially be tsunamigenic sources The active phase of this project carried out in February and March of 2014, we acquired around 5200 km of Multichannel Seismic Reflection (MCS) together with multibeam bathymetry and potential fields (gravity and magnetism) data. Moreover, a wide angle experiment was performed, deploying 16 OBS in 32 locations in Jalisco and Nayarit offshore regions, also recorded on a terrestrial network of 100 portable seismic stations in 240 locations across 5 seismic profiles of 200-300 km in length combined with the Seismological Network of the State of Jalisco (SisVOc). In addition, 8 land seismic stations were installed in Marías Islands and Isabel Island. These instruments registered, in continuous mode, the airgun shots generated by airgun array of 5800 ci, shooting every 120 s. The UK vessel RRS James Cook participated in this project as a part of the exchange program between Spanish and English scientific vessels, she was responsible of marine seismic experiment (MCS & WA) using a 6 km length streamer and a high capacity airgun array. Furthermore, the ARM Holzinger and RV El Puma participated in this project and were provided by the Mexican Navy and UNAM, respectively. The second phase of this project was achieved in June 2014, where 100 short period seismic stations were installed along a 200 km seismic profile from La Caldera de la Primavera (Guadalajara) to Barra de Navidad

  17. Helminth parasites of Chapalichthys encaustus (Pisces: Goodeidae), an endemic freshwater fish from Lake Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico.

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    Martínez-Aquino, Andrés; Salgado-Maldonado, Guillermo; Aguilar-Aguilar, Rogelio; Cabañas-Carranza, Guillermina; Ortega-Olivares, Mirza P

    2004-08-01

    A total of 6 helminth species were recorded during helminthological examination of 50 Chapalichthys encaustus from Lake Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico. Helminth species identified included: Salsuginus sp. (an undescribed monogenea); Posthodiplostomum minimum (metacercariae); Cyclustera ralli (metacestode); Polymorphus brevis (cystacanth); Contracaecum sp. (nematode larvae); and Rhabdochona lichtenfelsi (adult nematode). Of these, 2 (Salsuginus sp. and R. lichtenfelsi) are specialist species. The observed species richness, individual parasite abundance, and diversity were low. Data suggest that host specificity is an important factor contributing to observed community composition and richness. Host feeding habits and helminth species availability seem to determine the characteristics of these helminth assemblages. PMID:15357094

  18. Tsujal Project: New Geophysical Studies about Rivera PLATE and Jalisco Block (MEXICO)

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    Barba, D. C., Sr.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Danobeitia, J.; Bartolome, R.; Bandy, W. L.; Escudero, C. R.; Cameselle, A. L.; Espindola de Castro, J. M., Sr.; Prada, M.; Nunez, D.; Zamora Camacho, A.; Gomez, A.; Ortiz, M.

    2014-12-01

    During spring and summer of 2014, it has been carried out the first geophysical fieldwork of the project entitled "Crustal characterization of the Rivera Plate-Jalisco Block boundary and its implications for seismic and tsunami hazard assessment (TSUJAL)". This is project is the result of a wide scientific collaboration between institutions of Mexico and Spain with the main aim of studying the lithospheric structure in Rivera and North American Plates convergence regions and Jalisco Block, and, also, identifying submarine structures that could be tsunamigenic sources. The first phase of this project was carried out in February and March of 2014. More than 5200 km of Multichannel Seismic Reflection (MCS) data were acquired, together with multibeam and parametric soundings and potential fields (gravity and magnetism) data. Wide Angle profiling were recorded deploying 16 OBS in 32 locations, offshore Jalisco and Nayarit regions Onshore, a network of 100 short period seismic portable stations were deployed in 240 locations along 5 seismic lines of 200-300 km length that worked combined with Seismological Network of Jalisco State (SisVOc). In addition, 8 land seismic stations were installed in Marías Islands and Isabel Island. These instruments registered, in continuous mode, the source energy was generated by big airgun array of 5800 ci, shooting every 120 s. The British vessel RRS James Cook, which participated in this project as a part of the exchange program between Spanish and English scientific vessels, was responsible of carrying out the MCS profiles and the deployment of OBS. For them, it was used a 6 km length digital streamer and airgun array of high capacity. Moreover, the ARM Holzinger and RV El Puma participated in this project and were provided by the Mexican Navy and UNAM, respectively. The second phase of this project was carried out in June 2014. 100 short period seismic stations were installed along one seismic profile from La Caldera de la Primavera

  19. Education Reform and Decentralization in Mexico and the Creation of "Educacion Civica" in the State of Jalisco

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    Contreras, Gloria; Rice, Marion J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors investigate Mexican education reform and decentralization and how the state of Jalisco focused in the early twenty-first century on developing a sequential curriculum for teaching civics in grades 1-6. The authors use the term "educacion civica" because in Mexico the curriculum emphasizes the acquisition of values and…

  20. Biological and ecological aspects of Xantusia sanchezi, an endangered lizard in an oak forest in the state of Jalisco, Mexico

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    Daniel Cruz-Sáenz; David Lazcano

    2012-01-01

    Xantusia sanchezi is an endangered species that is endemic to Mexico and is known only from the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas.We studied a population from a locality known as Huaxtla, in the municipality of Zapopan in the state of Jalisco. Sampling was conducted over a period of 7 months in an area of 1.5 hectares of grassland and oak forest with boulders. Collected data included: body measurements (total length, snout-vent length, tail length, head length, head width, head height, femur le...

  1. Assessment of the levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in blood samples from Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

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    Orta-Garcia, Sandra Teresa; León-Moreno, Lilia Carolina; González-Vega, Carolina; Dominguez-Cortinas, Gabriela; Espinosa-Reyes, Guillermo; Pérez-Maldonado, Iván N

    2012-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the blood of children (50 individuals) living in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. We analyzed six PBDE congeners by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Total PBDE levels ranged from not detectable (nd) to 15.2 μg/L on a whole-weight basis and from nd to 6,435 ng/g lipid on a lipid-weight basis. The dominant congener in our study was BDE-153, followed by BDE-154, BDE-99, BDE-100, and BDE-47. Levels of BDE-209 were below the detection limit. Our data indicate that children living in the areas studied in this work are exposed to high levels of PBDEs.

  2. Coarse-scale spatial and ecological analysis of tuberculosis in cattle: an investigation in Jalisco, Mexico

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    Horacio Zendejas-Martínez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We have tested the hypothesis that coarse-scale environmental features are associated with spatial variation in bovine tuberculosis (BTB prevalence, based on extensive sampling and testing of cattle in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Ecological niche models were developed to summarize relationships between BTB occurrences and aspects of climate, topography and surface. Model predictions, however, reflected the distributions of dairy cattle versus beef cattle, and the non-random nature of sampling any cattle, but did not succeed in detecting environmental correlates at spatial resolutions of 1 km. Given that the tests employed seek any predictivity better than random expectations, making the finding of no environmental associations conservative, we conclude that BTB prevalence is independent of coarsescale environmental features.

  3. The Geological Trace Of The 1932 Tsunamis In The Tropical Jalisco-Colima Coast, Mexico

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    Ramirez-Herrera, M.; Blecher, L.; Goff, J. R.; Corona, N.; Chague-Goff, C.; Lagos, M.; Hutchinson, I.; Aguilar, B.; Goguitchaichrili, A.; Machain-Castillo, M. L.; Rangel, V.; Zawadzki, A.; Jacobsen, G.

    2013-05-01

    The study and preservation of tsunami deposits have being challenging in humid tropical environments. While tsunami deposits have been widely studied at temperate latitudes, few studies assess this problem in tropical environments due to the difficulties intrinsic to these places (e.g. tsunami deposit preservation, post-burial changes in a tropical environment, mangrove vegetation, difficult access, wildlife, among others). Here we assess the problem of tsunami-deposits preservation on the Jalisco-Colima tropical coast of Mexico, which parallels the more than 1000-km long Mexican subduction, where historical accounts indicate the occurrence of two significant tsunamis on June 3 and 22, 1932 (Corona and Ramírez-Herrera, 2012a, Valdivia et al., 2012). However, up to date, no geological evidence of these events has been reported. We present geological evidence of two large tsunamis related to the June 3, M 8.2 earthquake, and the June 22, Ms 6.9 landslide-triggering event of 1932 (Corona and Ramírez-Herrera, 2012a, b). A multiproxy approach was applied to unravel the nature of anomalous sand units and sharp basal contacts in the stratigraphy of a number of sites at Palo Verde estuary, El Tecuán swales and marsh, and La Manzanilla swales, on the Jalisco-Colima coast. Lines of evidence including historical, geomorphological, stratigraphic, grain size, organic matter content, microfossils (diatoms and foraminifera), geochemical content, magnetic susceptibility and AMS analyses, together with dating (210Pb and 14C), and modeling, corroborate the presence of tsunami deposits of both the 3 June 1932 tsunami at El Tecuán and La Manzanilla, and the 22 June 1932 tsunami at Palo Verde. Further evidence of earlier tsunamis, at least four events, is also evident in the stratigraphy. Work in progress should reveal the chronology of the earliest tsunamis and their origin. Corona, N., M.T. Ramirez-Herrera. (2012a) Mapping and historical reconstruction of the great Mexican 1932

  4. Crustal Structure across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block (MEXICO): TsuJal Project

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    Nuñez-Cornu, F. J.; Nunez, D.; Barba, D. C., Sr.; Trejo, E.; Escalona, F.; Danobeitia, J.; Gutierrez Pena, Q. J.

    2015-12-01

    Located on the western margin of Mexico, the collision zone between Rivera, Cocos and North American plates is a complex tectonic collage with high seismic hazards and potential tsunamigenic sources. During the spring of 2014, within the framework of TSUJAL project, Spanish and Mexican scientists investigated this region with the main objective of defining the crustal architecture of this active margin and recognizing potential structural sources that can trigger earthquakes and tsunamis at the convergence between Rivera plate-Jalisco block with the North American Plate. To achieve these goals, a wide-ranging of geophysical data was acquired in this region both offshore and onshore. In this paper, we present the preliminary results obtained from this project about bathymetric, structural geology and wide-angle seismic data of the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas. A crustal P-wave velocity model for the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas was obtained using WAS data recorded by OBS and land seismic stations for more than 150 km across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. The thickness of the slab in this area is about 10 km and presents a dip angle about 8º. Continental crustal thickness below Puerto Vallarta is about 20 km, no evidence of continental Moho was found in this study. This model support that due to the convergence of Rivera Plate against Jalisco Block, the region of Bahía de Banderas is under strong crustal stresses that generate structural lineaments and have the same trends offshore and inland. Most of the seismicity reported can be associated to the main structural lineaments. The Banderas Canyon apparently is in an opening process from west to east, which seems to continue through the Rio Pitillal river valley. There is no seismic or morphological evidence to consider that the Banderas Canyon is a continuation of Vallarta Graben.South of María Cleofas Island, the SC marks the limit between RP and JB, possibly being the result of the RP against JB

  5. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E.; Ortiz, Genaro G.; Lucia Ventura-Castro; Árias-Merino, Elva D.; Fermín P. Pacheco-Moisés; Macías-Islas, Miguel A.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotio...

  6. Contracting private sector providers for public sector health services in Jalisco, Mexico: perspectives of system actors

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    González Luz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Contracting out health services is a strategy that many health systems in the developing world are following, despite the lack of decisive evidence that this is the best way to improve quality, increase efficiency and expand coverage. A large body of literature has appeared in recent years focusing on the results of several contracting strategies, but very few papers have addressed aspects of the managerial process and how this can affect results. Case description This paper describes and analyses the perceptions and opinions of managers and workers about the benefits and challenges of the contracting model that has been in place for almost 10 years in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Both qualitative and quantitative information was collected. An open-ended questionnaire was used to obtain information from a group of managers, while information provided by a self-selected group of workers was collected via a closed-ended questionnaire. The analysis contrasted the information obtained from each source. Discussion and Evaluation Findings show that perceptions of managers and workers vary for most of the items studied. For managers the model has been a success, as it has allowed for expansion of coverage based on a cost-effective strategy, while for workers the model also possesses positive elements but fails to provide fair labour relationships, which negatively affects their performance. Conclusion Perspectives of the two main groups of actors in Jalisco's contracting model are important in the design and adjustment of an adequate contracting model that includes managerial elements to give incentives to worker performance, a key element necessary to achieve the model's ultimate objectives. Lessons learnt from this study could be relevant for the experience of contracting models in other developing countries.

  7. Tectonic control of the damaged areas by land subsidence: Ameca, Jalisco Mexico, a study case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosas-Elguera, J.; Malagon, A.; Maciel, R.; Alatorre, M. A.; Perez, G.

    2009-04-01

    The Miocene to Quaternary Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (TMVB), one of the largest mexican volcanic arcs built on the North America plate, covers about 1000 km along central Mexico from the Pacific ocean to the Gulf of Mexico. The structure of west-central Mexico is dominated by a complex assemblage of crustal blocks bounded by major tectonic structures of the TMVB. These are the NW-SE Tepic-Zacoalco, the N-S Colima, and the E-W Chapala grabens, which separate the Jalisco and Michoacan blocks from the stable North American plate. The three grabens join south of Guadalajara to form what has been long interpreted as an active triple junction. The Tepic-Zacoalco rift is composed of the eastern part of the Plan de Barrancas-Santa Rosa graben and by the Ameca and Zacoalco half-grabens. The Ameca city is located in the Ameca half-graben. From 80´s several houses and buildings (more than 300) have been affected by land subsidence for more than two decades. The damage area follows a specific pattern with NW trend which is similar to the regional faults. The land subsidence is associated with the water extraction. We suggest that the distribution of the damage area is controlled by the fault system in combination with the water extraction. Because of the Ameca half-graben has been affected by historical and present day earthquakes and considering the subsurface geology (sandstones, siltstone intercalated with conglomerates) sudden collapses can be expected.

  8. [Water birds from Agua Dulce lake and El Ermitaño estuary, Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández Vázquez, Salvador

    2005-01-01

    Waterbird abundance, and seasonal and spatial distribution, were studied in two natural water pools at Jalisco, Mexico, from December 1997 through November 1998. Maximum monthly abundance in Agua Dulce lake and El Ermitaño estuary was 86 471 birds (29 686 in Agua Dulce and 56 785 in Ermitaño), with a total cummulative abundance of 179 808 individuals (66 976 in Agua Dulce and 112 832 in Ermitaño). A total of 87 waterbirds species were recorded, 78 in Agua Dulce and 73 in Ermitaño. The higher species richness and abundance was observed during winter, when migratory species arrived. Most species prefered shallow waters, except seabirds which prefered protected areas such as dunes in Agua Dulce. Other groups, like clucks and related species. prefered low salinity areas, for example in the south-east area of Ermitaño. The higher abundance of the shorehirds was found when the water level on the estuary was low. Herons were seen often at areas with high salinity and influenced by tides (e.g. mouth of Ermitaño).

  9. On the Sound Environment of the City of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico

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    R. R. Boullosa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available An exploration of the sound environment in the city of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico, is presented. A series of interviews were held with 19 residents, of which 7 were undergraduate students, related to the perception of sound in or around places of different zones in the so-called “Viejo Vallarta” (“Old Vallarta”.The purpose was twofold, firstly, to explore the ideas people have relating to the sounds they hear in the city -and in general, the ideas they have relating to peace and tranquility and its possible relation with the sound environment-; secondly, to identify some zones or places that have a particular sound environment - positive or negative. Natural sounds emerged as an important part of the sound identity of the Vallarta region and they seem to be highlyappreciated even when the sound levels are high. Sounds related to nature emerged in all interviews: bird calls, sound of wind rustling through trees, sound of breaking sea waves, etc. The interviewees identified places or zones with a negative sonic identity due to disagreeable or high intensity sounds; traffic flow, and mostly the urban bus, is to be blamed for in the main (some mentioned radios at high volume. A series of sound levels (dBA re 20 μPa at threedifferent times of the year: February, April, and October, 2009 were measured in some locations mentioned by the interviewees. The average sound levels found on those locations considered as having a disagreeable identity were the highest.

  10. Tectonic significance of an earthquake sequence in the Zacoalco half-graben, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Javier F.; Mortera-Gutiérrez, Carlos A.; Delgado, Hugo; Singh, Shri K.; Valenzuela, Raúl W.; Shapiro, Nicolai M.; Santoyo, Miguel A.; Hurtado, Alejandro; Barrón, Ricardo; Gutiérrez-Moguel, Esteban

    1999-11-01

    We studied a sequence of small earthquakes that occurred during the months of April and May of 1997, in Jalisco, southwestern Mexico. The earthquakes were located along a set of active faults that form the Zacoalco half-graben (La Lima fault system), west of Lake Chapala, within the rift-rift-rift triple junction. A total of 33 events were located, with magnitudes ranging from 1.5 to 3.5, recorded by a portable array of broadband seismographs. We identified two groups of events: one corresponding to a shallow normal fault, synthetic to La Lima fault system, and another group associated with a deeper fault. The events that occurred on the synthetic fault show normal faulting oriented on a NW-SE plane, dipping shallowly towards the SW. The other group of mechanisms showed either a normal fault oriented NW-SE and dipping steeply to the NE, or a very shallow-dipping normal fault, dipping to the SW. Earthquake distribution and fault plane solutions suggest that the Zacoalco half-graben developed from blocks that rotate as slip occurs on listric faults. These mechanisms could represent the type of motion expected for larger earthquakes in the area, like the one that occurred in 1568.

  11. Dynamics of thermal inversions on Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia, R.; Tereshchenko, I.; Perez, D. A.; Lizarraga, S. J.; Thermal Inversions, Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara

    2013-05-01

    This work attempts an analysis of the dynamics of the meteorological variables in the lower troposphere in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara (ZMG), Jalisco, Mexico. It was used the radiosonde database 2000-2012, and a classification of synoptic situations typical for different inversions occurring. Preliminary results indicate that surface temperature inversions dominate the climate of the study area, mainly recorded two times during the year. An investment without matching the rainy season and covers the months of June to September where investments are recorded at a frequency below 41%. And a station with investments in the type of radiation surface which covers the months of January to May and November to December, with a frequency above 86% in October as month leaving transition with a frequency of 64%. As surface temperature inversions which most affect human activity in the ZMG by not allowing the dispersion of pollutants, the results show that these investments have a thickness ranging from 50 to 250 meters high, covering this range for 85% of the investments registered with respect to the temperature difference between the base and the apex of the observed reversal of between 1°C to 12°C, where the average is 5°C and 7 °C. While this shows that during most of the year there are temperature inversions in the ZMG, this does not mean that every day you will have concentration of pollutants above the norm, this is due to the influence of synoptic scale phenomena mainly to a combination of large anticyclonic systems of the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic, affecting mostly Mexico during the months of December to February, alternating with waves of Western middle latitudes.

  12. Elements for an historical review of the 3 June, 1932 tsunami on the coast of Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdivia, L.; Castillo-Aja, M. R.; Estrada-Trejo, M.

    2011-12-01

    On the morning of June 22, 1932 a series of waves between 8 and 10 meters penetrated a mile inland, destroying the town of Cuyutlán in the state of Colima (Mexico), until today it is regarded as one of the strongest tsunamis that have struck the coast of western Mexico in the last 150 years. However, two weeks earlier, on June 3, occurred the largest magnitude earthquake recorded in Mexico (8.2 ms) that cause damages in much of Jalisco, Colima and Nayarit states. The earthquake also produced a tsunami, so far underestimated, and described only as "a wave" that reached the top of the dune in Barra de Navidad (Cumming, 1932), was "observed in the coasts" of Cuyutlán and Manzanillo (Colima), and that caused some damage to Barra de Navidad (Jalisco) and San Blas (Nayarit) (Farreras et al., 1993). The seashore between these two points covers a coastline of over 300 km in length that did not receive any mention . This area, sparsely populated and inaccessible, was hit by a tsunami and its calls for help took so long to be heard that the damage was confused later with those of the Cuyutlan tsunami in June 22. Analysis of notes in the newspapers of the time allow to identify the existence of reports in local media describing that the coast of Jalisco were strongly affected by a tsunami on June 3, 1932. From these data it was possible to trace the exchange of telegrams between municipal authorities and the state government of the time. The information available nowadays let us to document the tsunami penetration up to 8 km, 300 families displaced and 4 people dead, besides the presence of sulfur water. This new evidence helps to historically rethink the tsunami magnitude, and in this way, be able to start a reconsideration of its intensity, geographical distribution and damages.

  13. Diversidad del género Dahlia (Asteraceae: Coreopsideae en Jalisco, México y descripción de una especie nueva Diversity of the genus Dahlia (Asteraceae: Coreopsideae in Jalisco, Mexico and description of a new species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Castro-Castro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La tribu Coreopsideae Turner et Powell (Asteraceae concentra su diversidad y endemismo en México. Dahlia Cav. es un género característico de Coreopsideae; en Jalisco crecen D. barkerae Knowles et Westc., D. coccinea Cav., D. pugana Aaron Rodr. et A. Castro, D. sherffii P. D. Sorensen y D. tenuicaulis P. D. Sorensen. Aquí se describe e ilustra D. pugana, una especie nueva para la ciencia. Hasta donde sabemos, este taxón es exclusivo de Jalisco, pertenece a Dahlia sección Dahlia y tiene semejanzas morfológicas con D. barkerae, D. brevis P. D. Sorensen y D. scapigera (A. Dietr. Knowles et Westc. con las cuales se compara. Por último, incluimos una clave para la identificación de las especies que crecen en Jalisco.The greatest diversity and endemism of Coreopsideae Turner et Powell (Asteraceae is concentrated in Mexico. Dahlia Cav. is a characteristic genus of Coreopsideae and represented in Jalisco by D. barkerae Knowles et Westc., D. coccinea Cav., D. pugana Aaron Rodr. et A. Castro, D. sherffii P. D. Sorensen and D. tenuicaulis P. D. Sorensen. We describe and illustrate D. pugana as a new species. As far as we know, this taxon is exclusive to Jalisco, pertains to Dahlia section Dahlia, and has morphological similarities with D. barkerae, D. brevis P. D. Sorensen and D. scapigera (A. Dietr. Knowles et Westc. with which it is compared. Finally, we include an identification key for the species that grow in Jalisco.

  14. The 18 May 2012 (Ms 4.5) Chapala Lake, Jalisco, Mexico Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, J.; Espindola, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    The central part of Jalisco, Mexico has experienced at different times the occurrence of low magnitude earthquakes series. Although the effect of these earthquakes have been limited to relatively small areas have caused general alarm within the population and even in some cases true catastrophes (e.g. San Cristobal 1875). These groups of earthquakes that have lasted for weeks and even months have greater importance because they affect the most populous state area including the capital city of Guadalajara. An extraordinary example of these series of earthquakes occurred on 8 may 1912 that lasted until September. In the first 18 days 64 events were felt by residents of Guadalajara. Since then, there has been a relative seismic activity calm in the region. This paper analyzes the earthquake of May 18, 2012 (03:07 UT) occurred at the West edge of Lake Chapala. While it's an event of low magnitude (4.5 Ms) it has the importance of having occurred just 60 km to the South of Guadalajara and for which instrumental data of first quality is available. The focus of the earthquake was located at 20.30 ° N and 103.49 ° W at a depth of 0 km using arrivals of P and S waves at 16 regional seismic stations. However, by the errors of localization inherent in the method focus could be in a range of 0 to 5 km deep. The mechanism of failure using the polarities of the first arrivals favors a clear faulting of dip slip type along a plane with strike = 227 °, Dip = 80 °, and Rake = 93 °. Waveforms analysis is being used to corroborate these results.

  15. Fault-slip distribution of the 1995 Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, C.; Hartzell, S.

    1999-01-01

    Broadband teleseismic P waves have been analyzed to recover the rupture history of the large (M(s) 7.4) Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, shallow interplate thrust earthquake of 9 October 1995. Ground-displacement records in the period range of 1-60 sec are inverted using a linear, finite-fault waveform inversion procedure that allows a variable dislocation duration on a prescribed fault. The method is applied using both a narrow fault that simulates a line source with a dislocation window of 50 sec and a wide fault with a possible rise time of up to 20 sec that additionally allows slip updip and downdip from the hypocenter. The line-source analysis provides a spatio-temporal image of the slip distribution consisting of several large sources located northwest of the hypocenter and spanning a range of rupture velocities. The two-dimensional finite-fault inversion allows slip over this rupture-velocity range and indicates that the greatest coseismic displacement (3-4 m) is located between 70 and 130 km from the hypocenter at depths shallower than about 15 km. Slip in this shallow region consists of two major sources, one of which is delayed by about 10 sec relative to a coherent propagation of rupture along the plate interface. These two slip sources account for about one-third of the total P-wave seismic moment of 8.3 X 1027 dyne-cm (M(w) 7.9) and may have been responsible for the local tsunami observed along the coast following the earthquake.

  16. Scenarios of metal concentrations in the Arcediano Dam (State of Jalisco, Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Anne M; Gonzalez-Marquez, Luis C

    2010-01-01

    The city of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico has 4.1 million inhabitants and a serious deficit in water supply. Once constructed, the Arcediano Dam will catch waters from the Verde and Santiago rivers, and after treatment will provide water to the city. The present study was undertaken to formulate scenarios and estimate risks of polluting the water that will be collected in the dam from the release of contaminants accumulated in sediments. Desorption of metals from sediments was estimated through sampling of water and sediments, chemical analyses of the environmental samples, and numerical modeling of the water-sediment interactions. Water quality generally increased as the river flowed downstream from the El Salto sampling station to the site where the Arcediano Dam will be constructed. Aluminum exceeded the Mexican Criterion for Drinking Water Supply (MCDWS), at all sampling stations, whereas iron and manganese surpassed the criteria at some stations. Trace metals were below their respective criteria. For sediment samples in the river, chrome, copper and zinc exceeded the Canadian Interim Sediment Quality Guidelines (ISQG), whereas manganese and nickel exceeded the probable effect level (PEL). Other metals were below these limits. With exception of the El Salto sampling station, metals were mostly enriched in iron-containing sediments, followed by aluminum-containing clays and, to a lesser extent, by manganese oxides. Therefore, the interaction of metals with iron oxides was considered as the controlling adsorption mechanism. Simulations to estimate risks of water contamination by desorption of metals from sediments indicate that manganese and nickel may reach concentrations higher than the CDWS. In some cases, dissolved concentrations of lead and chrome may be higher than the respective CDWS, especially under conditions of high accumulation of sediments in the dam. Arsenic, copper and mercury concentrations did not exceed the CDWS under the simulated conditions

  17. Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana and Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae), three new species from Jalisco, Mexico Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana y Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae), tres nuevas especies de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos; José Antonio Vázquez-García; Miguel de Jesús Cházaro-Basáñez

    2013-01-01

    Three new species from Jalisco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. These species grow in tropical or in tropical and temperate transitional forests. The 3 species belong to Salvia L. subgenus Calosphace (Benth.) Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González is morphologically similar with section Briquetia Epling. It is characterized by the contrasting vegetative morphology between mature and immature individuals, its relatively large and sessile or sub-sessile leaves (the uppermost amplexicaul...

  18. Microbiological safety of domestic refrigerators and the dishcloths used to clean them in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macías-Rodríguez, M E; Navarro-Hidalgo, V; Linares-Morales, J R; Olea-Rodríguez, M A; Villarruel-López, A; Castro-Rosas, J; Gómez-Aldapa, C A; Torres-Vitela, M R

    2013-06-01

    Household refrigerators are a potential pathogen contamination source for foods. An evaluation of the microbiological safety of 200 refrigerators in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, was made by visual inspection, ATP-bioluminescence levels, indicator microorganisms including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, and the presence of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella. Additionally, interviews of the owners of the refrigerators were carried out to determine relationships between food storage practices, demographic aspects, and microbiological status. Dishcloths used to clean refrigerators were also analyzed. Operational conditions (cleanliness, fullness, organization, frequency of cleaning, and temperature) were evaluated by trained observers. Results showed deficient cleanliness in 55% of refrigerators, 22% were completely full, 43% very disorganized, 28% were usually cleaned only once in 3 to 6 months, and 53% had internal temperatures >7.1°C. ATP-bioluminescence levels were >300 relative light units on 67 and 74% of shelves and drawers, respectively, indicating that surfaces were dirty according to the luminometer manufacturer. Psychrotrophic aerobic bacteria counts on shelves, drawers, and dishcloths were 6.3, 5.2, and 6.3 log CFU/cm(2); for coliform bacteria, 5.2, 3.9, and 4.7 CFU/cm(2); for E. coli, 3.7, 3.5, and 4.8 CFU/cm(2); and for Staphylococcus aureus, 2.1, 2.5, and 2.3 CFU/cm(2), respectively. L. monocytogenes and Salmonella were isolated from 59.5, 20.5, and 17% and 32.5, 8.0 and 12.5% of shelves, drawers, and dishcloths, respectively. Four Salmonella serotypes and nine serogroups (partially serotyped isolates) were identified. The most prevalent were Salmonella Anatum (39.5%), Salmonella group E1 (19.7%), and Salmonella group E1 monophasic (12.5%). Operational conditions and microbiological status were clearly deficient in sampled refrigerators, highlighting the consequent risk of foodborne disease among users. Educational programs are needed to

  19. Microbiological safety of domestic refrigerators and the dishcloths used to clean them in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macías-Rodríguez, M E; Navarro-Hidalgo, V; Linares-Morales, J R; Olea-Rodríguez, M A; Villarruel-López, A; Castro-Rosas, J; Gómez-Aldapa, C A; Torres-Vitela, M R

    2013-06-01

    Household refrigerators are a potential pathogen contamination source for foods. An evaluation of the microbiological safety of 200 refrigerators in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, was made by visual inspection, ATP-bioluminescence levels, indicator microorganisms including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, and the presence of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella. Additionally, interviews of the owners of the refrigerators were carried out to determine relationships between food storage practices, demographic aspects, and microbiological status. Dishcloths used to clean refrigerators were also analyzed. Operational conditions (cleanliness, fullness, organization, frequency of cleaning, and temperature) were evaluated by trained observers. Results showed deficient cleanliness in 55% of refrigerators, 22% were completely full, 43% very disorganized, 28% were usually cleaned only once in 3 to 6 months, and 53% had internal temperatures >7.1°C. ATP-bioluminescence levels were >300 relative light units on 67 and 74% of shelves and drawers, respectively, indicating that surfaces were dirty according to the luminometer manufacturer. Psychrotrophic aerobic bacteria counts on shelves, drawers, and dishcloths were 6.3, 5.2, and 6.3 log CFU/cm(2); for coliform bacteria, 5.2, 3.9, and 4.7 CFU/cm(2); for E. coli, 3.7, 3.5, and 4.8 CFU/cm(2); and for Staphylococcus aureus, 2.1, 2.5, and 2.3 CFU/cm(2), respectively. L. monocytogenes and Salmonella were isolated from 59.5, 20.5, and 17% and 32.5, 8.0 and 12.5% of shelves, drawers, and dishcloths, respectively. Four Salmonella serotypes and nine serogroups (partially serotyped isolates) were identified. The most prevalent were Salmonella Anatum (39.5%), Salmonella group E1 (19.7%), and Salmonella group E1 monophasic (12.5%). Operational conditions and microbiological status were clearly deficient in sampled refrigerators, highlighting the consequent risk of foodborne disease among users. Educational programs are needed to

  20. A reconnaissance geochemical study of La Primavera geothermal area, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahood, G.A.; Truesdell, A.H.; Templos, M.L.A.

    1983-01-01

    The Sierra La Primavera, a late Pleistocene rhyolitic caldera complex in Jalisco, Me??xico, contains fumaroles and large-discharge 65??C hot springs that are associated with faults related to caldera collapse and to later magma insurgence. The nearly-neutral, sodium bicarbonate, hot springs occur at low elevations at the margins of the complex, whereas the water-rich fumaroles are high and central. The Comisio??n Federal de Electricidad de Me??xico (CFE) has recently drilled two deep holes at the center of the Sierra (PR-1 and Pr-2) and one deep hole at the western margin. Temperatures as high as 285??C were encountered at 1160 m in PR-1, which produced fluids with 820 to 865 mg/kg chloride after flashing to one atmosphere. Nearby, PR-2 encountered temperatures to 307??C at 2000 m and yielded fluids with chloride contents fluctuating between 1100 and 1560 mg/kg after flashing. Neither of the high-temperature wells produced steam in commercial quantities. The well at the western margin of the Sierra produced fluids similar to those from the hot springs. The temperature reached a maximum of 100??C near the surface and decreased to 80??C at 2000 m. Various geothermometers (quartz conductive, Na/K, Na-K-Ca, ??18O(SO4-H2O) and D/H (steam-water) all yield temperatures of 170 ?? 20??C when applied to the hot spring waters, suggesting that these spring waters flow from a large shallow reservoir at this temperature. Because the hot springs are much less saline than the fluids recovered in PR-1 and PR-2, the mixed fluid in the shallow reservoir can contain no more than 10-20% deep fluid. This requires that most of the heat is transferred by steam. There is probably a thin vapor-dominated zone in the central part of the Sierra, through which steam and gases are transferred to the overlying shallow reservoir. Fluids from this reservoir cool from ???170??C to 65??C by conduction during the 5-7 km of lateral flow to the hot springs. ?? 1983.

  1. Ecological Restoration of the La Primavera Forest Geothermal Zone, Jalisco, Mexico; Restauracion ecologica de lazona geotermica del bosque La Primavera, Jalisco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pastrana Melchor, Eugenio J.; Manon Mercado, Alfredo; Hernandez Ayala, Cuauhtemoc [Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos de la Comision Federal de Electricidad, Morelia, (Mexico)

    1997-05-01

    The Bosque La Primavera is an oak-pine forest covering a surface estimated in 36 000 hectares. It is located westerly from Guadalajara City, Jalisco. Over a small part of the forest, between 1980 and 1988 the Comision Federal de Electricidad (Federal Commission for Electricity, or CFE) carried out several works to drill 13 geothermal wells, which caused environmental impacts on 53 hectares of the forest; this means 0.15% of the forestry area. In March 1989 the CFE suspended its geothermal exploration and development activities in the zone, and started an exhaustive program to restore the environmental impacts. So, between 1989 and 1994 different works were done within two hydrographic micro-basins (named the Arroyo El Caracol and Arroyo El Huilustre micro-basins) where the CFE works are located. Objectives were to reduce the exposed to erosion areas at the high portions of those micro-basins, and to retain sediments at low portions of the same. Up to now the erosion index, which have been monitored by CFE each year, have reached comparable values to those from the beginning of eighties. This means those restoration works are successful. [Espanol] El bosque La Primavera se encuentra constituido principalmente por encino-pino con una superficie aproximada de 36 mil hectareas, localizado al occidente de la ciudad de Guadalajara, Jalisco. En una pequena porcion de el, la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) llevo a cabo, entre 1980 y 1988, diversas obras para perforar un total de 13 pozos geotermicos que ocasionaron impactos al ambiente en 53 hectareas del bosque, correspondientes al 0.15% de la superficie boscosa. A partir de marzo de 1989 la CFE suspendio sus actividades de exploracion y desarrollo geotermico en la zona, para llevar a cabo un exhaustivo programa de restauracion ecologica de los impactos ambientales. Asi, entre 1989 y 1994 se realizaron trabajos en las dos microcuencas hidrograficas en las que se ubican las obras realizadas por la CFE, las

  2. [Short-term impact of changes in drinking-and-driving legislation in Guadalajara and Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-García, Lourdes; Pérez-Núñez, Ricardo; Hidalgo-Solórzano, Elisa

    2014-06-01

    The municipalities of Guadalajara and Zapopan, Jalisco State, Mexico, have participated in efforts to reduce road traffic injuries. They have participated actively in the Mexican Road Safety Initiative since 2008. As a result, in September 2010 they passed laws to reduce the legal alcohol levels for driving motor vehicles. To assess the short-term impact of these measures on rates and severity of alcohol-related collisions and injuries, we conducted a secondary analysis of official databases on mortality, morbidity, and collisions. We performed a time-series analysis to assess the trend. Significant changes were observed in the monthly proportion of alcohol-related deaths and collision rates following these interventions. The article concludes with recommendations to improve the reform's enforcement and results.

  3. Lo que Piensan los Estudiantes y Profesores Sobre la Calidad de la Educacion Superior. Estudio Comparativo en 5 Instituciones de Educacion Superior--dos publicas y tres privadas--en Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico (What Students and Faculties Think about the Quality of Higher Education. Comparative Study of 5 Higher Education Institutions--Two Public and Three Private--in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanez, Maria Lorena Hernandez

    This study, written in Spanish, compared attitudes of students (N=302) and faculty (N=28) at five institutions of higher education (two public and three private) in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. The study explored first, whether respondents believed there are significant quality differences between private and public universities and, second, what…

  4. Prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro y yodo, y parasitosis en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México Prevalence of iron and iodine deficiency and parasitosis in children from Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis en niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej, Arandas, Jalisco, México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal efectuado entre 1997 y 1999 con 432 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad, de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se determinaron variables hematológicas, yodo en orina y presencia de parásitos. Se utilizaron las pruebas Ji cuadrada y t de Student en variables no paramétricas y paramétricas. Resultados. Hubo más anemia (20 vs 7.4% p=0.007 y deficiencia de hierro (60.9 vs 44.4% p=0.02 en prescolares que en escolares. El 29% presentaron deficiencia de yodo (10.5% moderada o grave y 47.2% parasitosis. Predominaron G. lamblia y E. histolytica. Bajo salario, sexo masculino y no tener seguridad social se asociaron con parasitosis. Conclusiones. La elevada prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis obliga al sector salud estatal a ejecutar medidas eficaces para abatir estas enfermedades prevenibles.Objective. To estimate the prevalence of iron deficiency, iodine deficiency and parasitosis in children attending the Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco ((Highlands Institute for Development of Jalisco State, INADEJ, Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted between 1997 and 1999, among 432 children aged 12 to 120 months attending the INADEJ. Measurements included hematological values, urine iodine concentration, and presence of parasites. Student's t test chi square tests were used for parametric and non-parametric analysis. Results. The prevalence figures of anemia (20 vs 7.4%, p=0.007 and iron deficiency (60.9 vs 44.4%, p=0.02 were higher in preschool than in school children. Iodine deficiency was found in 29% (10.5% moderate or severe and parasitosis in 47.2% of children, mainly E. histolytica (30.2% and G. lamblia (28.9%. Low income, male gender and lack of social

  5. Land subsidence, Ground Fissures and Buried Faults: InSAR Monitoring of Ciudad Guzmán (Jalisco, Mexico

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    Carlo Alberto Brunori

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We study land subsidence processes and the associated ground fissuring, affecting an active graben filled by thick unconsolidated deposits by means of InSAR techniques and fieldwork. On 21 September 2012, Ciudad Guzmán (Jalisco, Mexico was struck by ground fissures of about 1.5 km of length, causing the deformation of the roads and the propagation of fissures in adjacent buildings. The field survey showed that fissures alignment is coincident with the escarpments produced on 19 September 1985, when a strong earthquake with magnitude 8.1 struck central Mexico. In order to detect and map the spatio-temporal features of the processes that led to the 2012 ground fissures, we applied InSAR multi-temporal techniques to process ENVISAT-ASAR and RADARSAT-2 satellite SAR images acquired between 2003 and 2012. We detect up to 20 mm/year of subsidence of the northwestern part of Ciudad Guzmán. These incremental movements are consistent with the ground fissures observed in 2012. Based on interferometric results, field data and 2D numerical model, we suggest that ground deformations and fissuring are due to the presence of areal subsidence correlated with variable sediment thickness and differential compaction, partly driven by the exploitation of the aquifers and controlled by the distribution and position of buried faults.

  6. Prediction of cutability of beef carcasses processed in Jalisco State, Mexico

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    J. M. Zorrilla-Ríos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En un estudio previo se reportó la factibilidad de utilizar, en condiciones locales, ecuaciones disponibles de predicción de cortabilidad con base en kilogramos (TRC, o expresada como porcentaje de la canal (TRYD de bovino. Todas las ecuaciones consideradas incluyen variables obtenidas en el cuarteo de una media canal, lo que representa una limitante para su adopción en regiones del país (el estado de Jalisco incluido, en donde la evaluación de las canales —previa a su comercialización— se lleva a cabo sin el cuarteo de la media canal. Esta condición marca la necesidad de disponer de ecuaciones de predicción que no se sustenten en variables generadas con el cuarteo de la media canal, lo que se convirtió en el objetivo de esta investigación. Las ecuaciones de predicción propuestas se basan en los datos obtenidos de la fabricación tipo corte español, de treinta canales de toretes cruza indefinida cebú-europeo y menores a 36 meses de edad, procesadas en condiciones comerciales en una carnicería del municipio de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. El peso de la canal fría mostró una correlación positiva (r=0.98 con el rendimiento de cortes expresados en kilogramos. Un modelo matemático de predicción del peso de los cortes comerciales mostró que la variable de peso de la canal, por sí sola, explicó el 95.60% de la varianza estimada, por lo que se propone como ecuación de predicción bajo estas condiciones.

  7. Influence of climatic conditions, topography and soil attributes on the spatial distribution of site productivity index of the species rich forests of Jalisco, Mexico

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Adel Mohamed; Robin M. Reich; Raj Khosla; C. Aguirre-Bravo; Martin Mendoza Briseño

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an approach based on field data to model the spatial distribution of the site productivity index (SPI) of the diverse forest types in Jalisco, Mexico and the response in SPI to site and cli-matic conditions. A linear regression model was constructed to test the hypothesis that site and climate variables can be used to predict the SPI of the major forest types in Jalisco. SPI varied significantly with topog-raphy (elevation, aspect and slope), soil attributes (pH, sand and silt), climate (temperature and precipitation zones) and forest type. The most important variable in the model was forest type, which accounted for 35% of the variability in SPI. Temperature and precipitation accounted for 8 to 9% of the variability in SPI while the soil attributes accounted for less than 4% of the variability observed in SPI. No significant differences were detected between the observed and predicted SPI for the individual forest types. The linear regression model was used to develop maps of the spatial variability in predicted SPI for the individual forest types in the state. The spatial site productivity models developed in this study provides a basis for understanding the complex relationship that exists between forest productivity and site and climatic conditions in the state. Findings of this study will assist resource managers in making cost-effective decisions about the management of individual forest types in the state of Jalisco, Mexico.

  8. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E.; Ortiz, Genaro G.; Ventura-Castro, Lucia; Árias-Merino, Elva D.; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P.; Macías-Islas, Miguel A.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein), Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men). Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability. PMID:24795758

  9. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Irma E. Velázquez-Brizuela

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL, increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein, Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men. Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability.

  10. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E; Ortiz, Genaro G; Ventura-Castro, Lucia; Arias-Merino, Elva D; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P; Macías-Islas, Miguel A

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein), Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men). Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability.

  11. Prevalence of Dementia, Emotional State and Physical Performance among Older Adults in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velázquez-Brizuela, Irma E; Ortiz, Genaro G; Ventura-Castro, Lucia; Arias-Merino, Elva D; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P; Macías-Islas, Miguel A

    2014-01-01

    Background. Dementia affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. Depression, is common in older adults with dementia. The concomitance of dementia and depression increases disability with impaired activities of daily living (ADL), increasing the chances of institutionalization and mortality. Methods. Cross-sectional study of a population 60 years and older who live in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. A total of 1142 persons were assessed regarding their cognitive function, emotional state, and physical performance. Door-to-door interview technique was assigned in condition with multistage probability random sampling. Cognitive function, depression and functional disability were assessed by applying standardized Minimental State Examination (Folstein), Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Katz index, respectively. Diagnosis of dementia was performed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fourth Edition. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Prevalence of demency was 9.5% (63.35% women, and 36.7% men). Demency was associated with being woman, being older than 70 years, low level of education, not having the economic benefit of retirement, being single or living without a partner, low level of education, suffering from depression and have functional disability in ADL. Conclusion. Dementia is more common in women and is related to depression and disability. PMID:24795758

  12. [Physical activity, sedentary behavior and quality of life in undergraduate adolescents of Ciudad Guzman, State of Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Carlos Alejandro; Ramírez-López, Guadalupe; Hidalgo-San Martín, Alfredo

    2013-07-01

    With the aim of evaluating the association between physical activity and sedentary behavior with quality of life (QoL) in undergraduate students of Ciudad Guzman, state of Jalisco, Mexico, a total of 881 adolescents aged between 17 and 19 were studied. Online questionnaires were used, namely the research version of the Youth Quality of Life Instrument and the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Odd ratios (OR) were obtained using simple and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The number of days with physical activity was related to a higher total perceptual score, higher general QoL domain, higher self domain as well as higher environment domain. Playing in > 2 sports teams was related to a higher total perceptual score, higher general QoL domain, higher self domain as well as higher environment domain. Having 4-5 physical education classes/week was related with a higher general QoL domain. Limiting recreational screen time to < 2 hours/day was related with a higher relationship domain. In conclusion, in Mexican undergraduate adolescent students, higher QoL was associated with: physical activity at least 4 days/week; physical education classes 4 or more days/week; playing in 2 or more sports teams and limiting recreational screen time to 2 hours or less.

  13. Análisis estructural y de diversidad en los bosques de Abies de Jalisco, México Structural and diversity analysis of Abies forests from Jalisco, Mexico

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    Ramón Cuevas-Guzmán

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En 24 parcelas de 0.1 ha, distribuidas en 5 áreas del estado de Jalisco, se determinaron la estructura, composición florística y diversidad de los bosques de Abies, y sus atributos fueron comparados entre áreas. Se registraron 64 especies, 47 géneros y 35 familias. Asteraceae, Pinaceae y Fagaceae y los géneros Quercus, Pinus y Abies fueron los más ricos en especies. El 56% de los individuos tuvo alturas entre 2 y 14 m; las mayores se presentaron en Abies religiosa var. emarginata, A. guatemalensis var. jaliscana, Quercus xalapensis y A. religiosa var. religiosa. Los mayores valores de densidad, área basal, frecuencia y valor de importancia fueron para A. religiosa var. emarginata, A. religiosa var. religiosa, Pinus pseudostrobus y Podocarpus matudae. Los individuos de las especies presentaron una distribución diamétrica en forma de "J" invertida en las 5 zonas estudiadas, mientras que la riqueza y la diversidad de especies no mostraron diferencias estadísticas significativas entre las áreas. La similitud promedio entre las parcelas de las 5 áreas mostró diferencias estadísticas significativas para 4 de ellas. Aunque muy diferentes en su composición florística, los bosques de Abies de Jalisco resultaron similares en riqueza, diversidad y estructura. En las 5 áreas, las comunidades mostraron buena capacidad de recuperación pues en todos los estratos se presentaron individuos altos y árboles emergentes.Structure, floristic composition and diversity in Abies forests were determined in twenty-four 0.1 ha plots in 5 areas in Jalisco State. The resulting attributes were compared between areas. Sixty four species, 47 genera and 35 families were recorded. The families Asteraceae, Pinaceae and Fagaceae, as well as the genera Quercus, Pinus and Abies had the highest species richness. More than half (56% of the individuals had a height ranging between 2 and 14 m, with Abies religiosavar. emarginata, A. guatemalensis var. jaliscana

  14. Biological and ecological aspects of Xantusia sanchezi, an endangered lizard in an oak forest in the state of Jalisco, Mexico Aspectos biológicos y ecológicos de Xantusia sanchezi, una lagartija en peligro en un bosque de encino en el estado de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Cruz-Sáenz; David Lazcano

    2012-01-01

    Xantusia sanchezi is an endangered species that is endemic to Mexico and is known only from the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas. We studied a population from a locality known as Huaxtla, in the municipality of Zapopan in the state of Jalisco. Sampling was conducted over a period of 7 months in an area of 1.5 hectares of grassland and oak forest with boulders. Collected data included: body measurements (total length, snout-vent length, tail length, head length, head width, head height, femur l...

  15. Empirical evaluation of confidence and prediction intervals for spatial models of forest structure in Jalisco, Mexico

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robin M. Reich; C. Aguirre-Bravo; Vanessa A. Bravo; Martin Mendoza Brise(n)o

    2011-01-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing interest in developing spatial statistical models for data sets that are seemingly spatially independent.This lack of spatial structure makes it difficult, if not impossible to use optimal predictors such as ordinary kriging for modeling the spatial variability in the data.In many instances, the data still contain a wealth of information that could be used to gain flexibility and precision in estimation.In this paper we propose using a combination of regression analysis to describe the large-scale spatial variability in a set of survey data and a tree-based stratification design to enhance the estimation process of the small-scale spatial variability.With this approach,sample units (i.e., pixel of a satellite image) are classified with respect to predictions of error attributes into homogeneous classes, and the classes are then used as strata in the stratified analysis.Independent variables used as a basis of stratification included terrain data and satellite imagery.A decision rule was used to identify a tree size that minimized the error in estimating the variance of the mean response and prediction uncertainties at new spatial locations.This approach was applied to a set of n=937 forested plots from a state-wide inventory conducted in 2006 in the Mexican State of Jalisco.The final models accounted for 62% to 82% of the variability observed in canopy closure (%), basal area (m2·ha-l), cubic volumes (m3·ha-1) and biomass (t·ha-1) on the sample plots.The spatial models provided unbiased estimates and when averaged over all sample units in the population, estimates of forest structure were very close to those obtained using classical estimates based on the sampling strategy used in the state-wide inventory.The spatial models also provided unbiased estimates of model variances leading to confidence and prediction coverage rates close to the 0.95 nominal rate.

  16. Los equinodermos (Echinodermata de bahía Chamela, Jalisco, México The echinoderms (Echinodermata from bahía Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Eduardo Ríos-Jara

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Cuarenta especies de equinodermos fueron recolectadas en las zonas intermareal y submareal somero de 14 sitios de bahía Chamela. Destacan 7 nuevos registros para la costa de Jalisco. Los análisis de escalonamiento multidimensional no métrico y el índice de similitud de Jaccard permitieron identificar grupos y entidades aisladas de acuerdo a la contribución y frecuencia de las especies de 4 clases de equinodermos en los sitios de la bahía y en otras localidades del Pacífico tropical mexicano (PTM. La mayor similitud se presentó con las localidades del golfo de California. Los índices de distinción taxonómica promedio (Δ+ y su variación (Λ+ fueron utilizados para analizar la diversidad de equinodermos en los niveles de especie, género, familia, orden y clase para cada sitio de la bahía y para distintas localidades del PTM de acuerdo al número de jerarquías taxonómicas de alto orden y la variabilidad en su diversidad taxonómica. La riqueza de especies de Chamela representa el 20% de la diversidad total de equinodermos de las zonas intermareal y submareal somero del PTM, lo que indica su importancia en la contribución a la diversidad taxonómica de la región.Forty species of echinoderms were collected in the intertidal and shallow subtidal zones of 14 sites of bahía Chamela. Of particular importance are 7 new records of species for the coast of Jalisco. A nonmetric multidimensional scaling analysis and the Jaccard's similarity index identified different groups and isolated entities according to the contribution and the frequency of species of 4 classes of echinoderms in the bay and in other localities of the Mexican Tropical Pacific (MTP. The highest similarity of species was with the localities of the Gulf of California. The indices of average taxonomic distinctness (Δ+ and the variation in the taxonomic distinctness (Λ+ were estimated to analyze the diversity of echinoderms at the taxonomic levels of species, genus, family

  17. Mujeres violentadas durante el embarazo y el parto: experiencias de parteras en Jalisco, México / Women abused during pregnancy and childbirth: experiences and views of midwives from Jalisco, Mexico

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    Martha Villaseñor F

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: explorar la experiencia y perspectiva de parteras con mujeres violentadas durante el embarazo y el parto en Jalisco, México. Metodología: se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo en zona rural de Jalisco, México, entre mayo y octubre de 2011 con 24 parteras, utilizando la entrevista individual, modalidad historia de vida pautada y la asamblea participativa regional como técnicas de indagación; posteriormente, los discursos fueron analizados bajo el modelo actancial semiótico. Resultados: familiaridad de las parteras con la violencia hacia la mujer durante el embarazo y el parto, atribuida principalmente a aspectos de género y ruralidad; señalan al binomio violencia-embarazo como factor de riesgo para presentar problemas obstétricos, siendo la violencia física la que más encuentran y a la pareja como principal agresor. Resalta su capacidad de diálogo y escucha activa en identificación de violencia. Refieren posibilidad de ser escuchadas en la generación de acciones frente a este problema. Discusión: necesidad de asumir una postura política estatal sobre la partería, que permita reconocer su papel en la sociedad y la posibilidad de incorporarlas en las acciones que hacen frente al problema de la violencia, y valorar los elementos propios de su ejercicio en la detección y manejo de estas mujeres. Objetive: to explore the experiences and perspectives that a group of midwives from Jalisco, Mexico had with women who were abused during pregnancy and delivery. Methodology: a qualitative study was conducted in a rural zone of Jalisco, Mexico, between May and October 2011 with 24 midwives. The techniques used to obtain the data were: individual interviews, life history, and the participatory regional assembly. After collecting the discourses, these were analyzed using the semiotic actantial model. Results: the midwives are familiar with the violence exercised against women during the pregnancy and birth process; this is mainly

  18. Registro del águila elegante (Spizaetus ornatus en la Reserva de la Biosfera sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, México A new record for the Ornate Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus ornatus in the Sierra Manantlán Biosphere Reserve, Jalisco-Colima, Mexico

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    Marcelo Aranda

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta un registro del águila elegante (Spizaetus ornatus en un bosque de encino-pino de la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, correspondiente a un individuo de 2 a 3 años de edad. Este registro es significativo ante la escasez de registros de esta especie en el occidente de México, los cuales corresponden a localidades en los estados de Nayarit (1 Colima (3, Jalisco (1 y Guerrero (1. Se considera que el águila elegante está en peligro de extinción en México (NOM-059-ECOL-2001; su presencia en esta área natural protegida da aliento para su conservación.An immature Ornate Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus ornatus was observed and photographed while perched in pine-oak forest in the Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere Reserve, Jalisco-Colima, Mexico. From plumage characteristics we believe the eagle to be 2-3 years old. This record is significant due to the paucity of records for this species in Western Mexico: Nayarit (1 Colima (3, Jalisco (1 and Guerrero (1. The Ornate Hawk-Eagle is considered as a threatened species in Mexico, and this record from a natural protected area brings hope for its conservation.

  19. Development of the Health Atlas of Jalisco: A New Web-Based Service for the Ministry of Health and the Community in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles, Juan; Fonseca León, Joel

    2016-01-01

    Background Maps have been widely used to provide a visual representation of information of a geographic area. Health atlases are collections of maps related to conditions, infrastructure or services provided. Various countries have put resources towards producing health atlases that support health decision makers to enhance their services to the communities. Latin America, as well as Spain, have produced several atlases of importance such as the interactive mortality atlas of Andalucía, which is very similar to the one that is presented in this paper. In Mexico, the National Institute of Public Health produced the only health atlas found that is of relevance. It was published online in 2003 and is currently still active. Objective The objective of this work is to describe the methods used to develop the Health Atlas of Jalisco (HAJ), and show its characteristics and how it interactively works with the user as a Web-based service. Methods This work has an ecological design in which the analysis units are the 125 municipalities (counties) of the state of Jalisco, Mexico. We created and published online a geographic health atlas displaying a system based on input from official health database of the Health Ministry of Jalisco (HMJ), and some databases from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (NISGI). The atlas displays 256 different variables as health-direct or health-related indicators. Instant Atlas software was used to generate the online application. The atlas was developed using these procedures: (1) datasheet processing and base maps generation, (2) software arrangements, and (3) website creation. Results The HAJ is a Web-based service that allows users to interact with health and general data, regions, and categories according to their information needs and generates thematic maps (eg, the total population of the state or of a single municipality grouped by age or sex). The atlas is capable of displaying more than 32,000 different maps by

  20. Morphology and shallow geological structure of the continental slope located between Manzanillo, Colima and Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico, using multibeam bathymetry and high resolution seismic reflection data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo, M.; Bandy, W. L.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.

    2013-05-01

    The west coast of Mexico presents a complex array of tectonic processes related with the subduction of the Rivera plate beneath the Jalisco Block/North American plate including seamount subduction and forearc slivering. To better understand these processes and related deformation, an analysis and integration of marine geophysical data was undertaken to map the morphology and shallow geologic structure of the continental slope located between Manzanillo, Colima and Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico (Longitude: 104 ° 20 'to 106 ° 0 Latitude: 18 ° 24 'to 19 ° 48'). These data include multibeam bathymetry and seafloor backscatter data (Kongsberg EM300 system) and high-resolution seismic reflection data (Kongsberg TOPAS system) collected during the MORTIC07 campaign aboard the oceanographic vessel "El Puma". 3D models of the bathymetry and acoustic backscatter strength were constructed along with maps of the major geological and structural features, such as landslides and active faults and folds. The analysis indicates that the continental slope in this area has undergone significant vertical and horizontal movements producing several large slump blocks, a prominent sedimentary filled basin, and a series of transpressional ridges suggestive of a recent collision and subduction of a seamount, or similar bathymetric features.

  1. Receiver Function Imaging of Crustal and Lithospheric Structure Beneath the Jalisco Block and Western Michoacan, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes Alfaro, G.; Cruz-Atienza, V. M.; Perez-Campos, X.; Reyes Dávila, G. A.

    2014-12-01

    We used a receiver function technique for imaging western Mexico, a unique area with several active seismic and volcanic zones like the triple junction of Rivera, Cocos and North American plates and the Colima volcano complex (CVC), the most active in Mexico. Clear images of the distribution of the crust and the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary are obtained using P-to-S receiver functions (RF) from around ~80 broadband stations recorded by the Mapping the Rivera Subduction Zone (MARS), the Colima Volcano Deep Seismic Experiment (CODEX) and a local network (RESCO) that allowed us to considerably increase the teleseismic database used in the project. For imaging, we constructed several 2-D profiles of depth transformed RFs to delineate the seismic discontinuities of the region. Low seismic velocities associated with the Michoacan-Guanajuato and the Mascota-Ayutla-Tapalpa volcanic fields are also observed. Most impressive, a large and well delineated magma body 100 km underneath CVC is recognized along a surely related depression of the moho discontinuity just above it. We bring more tools for a better understanding of the deep processes that ultimately control eruptive behavior in the region.

  2. Diversidad de Agaricomycetes clavarioides en la Estación de Biología de Chamela, Jalisco, México Diversity of clavarioid Agaricomycetes at the Chamela Biological Station, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Itzel Ramírez-López

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio es una contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad y estructura de los Agaricomycetes clavarioides que se desarrollan en los bosques tropicales de la Estación de Biología de Chamela, Jalisco, México. Las recolecciones se realizaron durante la temporada de lluvias de los años 2005 a 2008; se registraron datos de hábitat y morfología de los basidiomas, tipo de vegetación y sustrato donde se desarrollan, así como del patrón de crecimiento, área de distribución, abundancia y orientación e inclinación de las laderas donde se localizaron. Los 86 ejemplares registrados corresponden a 17 especies, de las cuales Physalacria changensis, P. inflata, Pterula verticillata y Scytinopogon scaber son nuevos registros para México. Scytinopogon pallescens, Pterula sp. 2 y Thelephora sp. fueron las más abundantes y 6 especies se registraron sólo 1 vez. Los datos obtenidos indican que la frecuencia con la que se hallan los basidiomas de los clavarioides en los distintos hábitats no es aleatoria, sino que su producción se da preferentemente en las laderas sur con inclinación de 21° a 30° y en el bosque tropical subperennifolio.This study is a contribution to the biodiversity and community structure of clavarioid Agaricomycetes in the tropical forests of the Chamela Biological Station, in Jalisco, Mexico. The collections were made during the rainy seasons from 2005 to 2008 during which we recorded the morphological and ecological information, including basidiocarp morphology and patterns of growth. Likewise, records were also taken for habitat preferences, types of substrate, orientation, slope inclination, range of distribution and abundance. The 86 specimens recorded, corresponded to 17 different species, from which Physalacria changensis, P. inflata, Pterula verticillata and Scytinopogon scaber are new records for Mexico. The species S. pallescens, Pterula sp. 2 and Thelephora sp. were the most abundant, while other 6 species

  3. Wild populations of the invasive Australian red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus (Crustacea, Decapoda near the northern coast of Jalisco, Mexico: a new fishing and profitable resource

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    Fernando Vega-Villasante

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus is native to freshwater habitats of northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Its high reproductive and adaptive capacity in different environments allows it to be cultivated, where escaped individuals have established wild populations in countries far from their natural range. In the late 90's and beginning of the 21st century, this crayfish was introduced illegally along the coast of southern Jalisco. Mismanagement led to escape and dispersion. Currently there are wild crayfish in the Cajón de Peñas Reservoir and surrounding streams in northern Jalisco, Mexico. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of C. quadricarinatus in fisheries in this area of Jalisco and analyze its importance in generating economic benefits for fishermen, comparing these results with those of the fishery for M. americanum, whose fishery is traditional. To catch specimens, traps were set for 24 h in the La Sanja Stream and the Cajón de Peñas Reservoir. The results of the survey showed that C. quadrica rinatus is an important part of the crustacean catch in this area: 32% of the total catch in the stream corresponded to C. quadricarinatus and the rest to M. americanum. While 85% of the catch in the dam corresponded to C. quadricarinatus, only 15% referred to M. americanum. Crayfish fishing in the reservoir is now an important part of the productive activity of local families dependent on fishing. The ecological consequences of wild crayfish proliferation remain to be studied.

  4. Interpretación de índices antropométricos en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México Interpretation of anthropometric indices in children of Arandas, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Valorar el estado de nutrición de niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco en Arandas, Jalisco, y discutir los criterios de clasificación de la desnutrición en México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal, desarrollado con 775 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad y que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej y 432 encuestas a niños de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se calcularon los índices peso/edad, talla/edad y peso/talla, y se investigaron características sociodemográficas y económicas y hábitos de alimentación; asimismo se compararon los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS y de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-SSA para definir la prevalencia de desnutrición. Resultados. Hubo baja escolaridad en ambos padres (3.6 años. El ingreso familiar fue de $198 dólares mensuales y cada miembro recibió 0.56 dólar/día para las tres comidas. La prevalencia de desnutrición fue mayor en los tres índices con el uso de la NOM-SSA que con el criterio de la OMS (peso/edad 91.7 vs. 30.9%; talla/edad 66.9 vs. 17.3%; peso/talla 62.5 vs. 9.5% respectivamente. Conclusiones. El índice peso/edad y la NOM SSA sobrestiman la prevalencia de desnutrición y no discriminan entre niños genéticamente pequeños, con desnutrición aguda o desnutrición crónica o pasada. Es más útil el criterio de la OMS. Se deben incluir los índices peso/talla (desnutrición reciente y talla/edad (desnutrición crónica para comparación internacional.Objective. To assess the nutritional status of children attending the Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Highlands Institute for Development of Jalisco State, Inadej in Arandas, Jalisco and to discuss the classification criteria of infant malnutrition in Mexico. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 775 children aged between twelve and one hundred and twenty months, who attended Inadej, including 432

  5. Generation and evolution of internal waves in Banderas Bay, Jalisco-Nayarit, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plata, L. J.; Anatoliy, F.; Iryna, T.; Carlos, V.; Liza, K.; César, M.

    2007-05-01

    The characteristics of internal waves in Banderas Bay (Mexico) were determined by means of data from oceanographical measurements carried on spring and winter during the years 2001 and 2003. The intense fluctuations in the fields of temperature and salinity obtained from a fast oceanographical survey with an undulating CTD on April, 2001, give evidence of the presence and propagation of an internal waves' field. With the help of a bathymetric chart elaborated from a survey carried on in March and May, 2002, we found that the submarine canyon close to the southern coast of the bay, from Cabo Corrientes to Mismaloya, acts like a filter that reflects the diurnal internal tide and allows only the entrance of semidiurnal internal tide. The results of a special experiment measuring the spatiotemporal parameters of internal waves on the wide continental shelf of northwestern Banderas Bay are discussed. The oceanographical measurements consisted of: a) a fast survey with an undulating CTD along a transect perpendicular to the coast, (b) the towing of an array of temperature and depth sensors several times over the continental shelf along transects perpendicular to the coast, and (c) time series of velocity components registered by an acoustic Doppler current profiler placed on the seabed of the bay at 28 m depth. The presence of internal waves generated by semidiurnal tide and corresponding to the second normal oscillation mode (according to the linear theory of internal waves) was determined. Analysis of the data showed that, in the study area, the internal waves generated over the continental slope by the barotropic tide have the shape of an oscillatory bore, which quickly disintegrates during their propagation shoreward, producing short nonlinear waves that dissipate close to the coast, and intense vertical mixing of the whole water column. The interpretation of the results was based on the linear and nonlinear (Korteweg-de Vries equation) theories of internal waves.

  6. Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana and Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae, three new species from Jalisco, Mexico Salvia carreyesii, Salvia ibugana y Salvia ramirezii (Lamiaceae, tres nuevas especies de Jalisco, México

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    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Three new species from Jalisco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. These species grow in tropical or in tropical and temperate transitional forests. The 3 species belong to Salvia L. subgenus Calosphace (Benth. Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González is morphologically similar with section Briquetia Epling. It is characterized by the contrasting vegetative morphology between mature and immature individuals, its relatively large and sessile or sub-sessile leaves (the uppermost amplexicaul, glandular-capitate hairs on the floral axis and calyx, and dark violet corollas. The characters of Salvia ibugana J. G. González correspond to those of the species of section Angulatae (Epling Epling, within which S. ibugana is distinguished by the digitiform papillae disperse on its stems, petioles and floral axis. Salvia ramirezii J. G. González fits well within section Sigmoideae Epling by means of the sigmoid shape of the lower branch of its style. It is morphologically similar to Salvia crucis and S. quercetorum, from which it can be distinguished by the triangular, slightly succulent, shorter, glabrous, lustrous leaves.Se describen e ilustran 3 especies nuevas de Jalisco, México. Estas especies crecen en bosques tropicales o en bosques transicionales entre tropicales y templados. Las 3 especies pertenecen a Salvia L. subgénero Calosphace (Benth. Benth. Salvia carreyesii J. G. González es morfológicamente similar a la sección Briquetia Epling. Se caracteriza por la morfología vegetativa contrastante entre individuos maduros e inmaduros, sus hojas relativamente grandes, sésiles o subsésiles (las superiores amplexicaules, tricomas capitado-glandulares sobre el eje floral y el cáliz, y corolas violeta oscuro. Las características de Salvia ibugana J. G. González corresponden a aquellas de las especies de la sección Angulatae (Epling Epling, dentro de la que S. ibugana se distingue por las papilas digitiformes que presenta en el tallo

  7. Nuevos registros del parásito Probopyrus pacificensis (Isopoda: Bopyridae en el sur de Nayarit y norte de Jalisco, México New records of the parasite Probopyrus pacificensis (Isopoda: Bopyridae in southern Nayarit and northern Jalisco, Mexico

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    Alberto Ocaña-Luna

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan nuevos registros de Probopyrus pacificensis en el arroyo San Francisco, sur de Nayarit y en el arroyo Palo María, norte de Jalisco en el Pacífico mexicano, parasitando a camarones de agua dulce de la especie Macrobrachium tenellum.New observations of Probopyrus pacificensis were recorded in Arroyo San Francisco, southern Nayarit, and Arroyo Palo María, northern Jalisco, in the Mexican Pacific, infesting the freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium tenellum.

  8. Cuidados alternativos en la atención del embarazo en Jalisco, México Alternative care options for pregnancy in Jalisco, Mexico

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    Isabel Valadez

    2003-10-01

    delivery acted as a protective factor. The culture of pregnant woman in Mexico comprises meaning and behaviors that mix concepts and prescriptive ideas concerning domestic, traditional, and academic medicine, varying according to the stage of pregnancy, and which may be used in exclusive or complementary fashion. This situation should be considered in health education programs.

  9. Characterization and Relocation of Seismic Clusters in the Area of Bahia de Banderas, Jalisco-Nayarit, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutz Lopez, M.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Carmona, E.

    2004-12-01

    We analysed the seismic activity that took place the year of 2003 in the area of Bahia de Banderas, between the states of Jalisco and Nayarit, registrated with a local network of 7 stations, which belongs to the Civil Defence of Jalisco and the University of Guadalajara. 400 events have been located, in these earthquakes we identified some series of a similar waveforms. For defining this similarity between seismic events and in order to classify them into clusters, we have applied the cross-correlation method of the P and S arrivals. We found a fourth part of epicentres gathered into 15 clusters of 3-25 events. For some clusters we used relocations relative to a master event. Located south of Bahia de Banderas exist clusters aligned along structures trending N-S in the area of Tuito. This trend agrees with the topographic relief of the area. Other clustes can be related with active tectonic structures at north of Cajon de Peñas dam (Tomatlan). Another cluster was identified at the East, Amatlan de Cañas-Ameca area, and one more in the center of the Bahia de Banderas.

  10. MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESSES IN JALISCO: THEIR EVOLUTION, AND STRATEGIC CHALLENGES

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Fong Reynoso; Moisés Alejandro Alarcón Osuna; Luis Ernesto Ocampo Figueroa

    2014-01-01

    The business structure in Jalisco, Mexico is primarily composed of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Thus, it is fundamentally necessary to understand the dynamics, evolution and above all, the strategic challenges of this sector in order to understand the state’s economic performance and the possibilities for future development in Jalisco. As a result, this study analyzes the evolution of the SMEs (known as PyME, in Spanish) in Mexico and Jalisco by using data from the Econom...

  11. [Levels of oxidative stress in serum and dietary behavior in adults in a rural area of Jalisco, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Meza, Monica; Arroyo-Helguera, Omar; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermin; Pita-López, Maria Luisa; Santoyo-Telles, Felipe; Ortiz, Genaro G

    2014-12-01

    Introducción: El comportamiento alimentario establece la relación del ser humano con la alimentación, comprende hábitos alimentarios que podrían intervenir en el desarrollo del estrés oxidativo. Objetivos: Evaluar la relación de indicadores de estrés oxidativo (lipoperóxidos) y capacidad antioxidante (ácido ascórbico, catalasa, superóxido dismutasa) con el comportamiento alimentario en adultos que residen en Teocuitatlán de Corona, Jalisco, México. Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, comparativo de 44 adultos de 43 a 88 años de edad. Se aplicó un instrumento de comportamiento alimentario. Los resultados del cuestionario se relacionaron con los indicadores de estrés oxidativo. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, distribución de frecuencias y análisis de co-varianza con ajuste de variables, se consideró una significancia de p.

  12. Crustal imaging of western Michoacán and the Jalisco Block, Mexico, from Ambient Seismic Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spica, Zack; Cruz-Atienza, Víctor M.; Reyes-Alfaro, Gabriel; Legrand, Denis; Iglesias-Mendoza, Arturo

    2014-12-01

    Detailed crustal imaging of western Michoacán and the Jalisco Block is obtained from ambient noise tomography. Results show a deep and well-delineated volcanic system below the Colima volcano complex, rooting up to ~ 22 km depth, with a shallow magmatic chamber constrained to the first ~ 7 km. A shallow low-velocity system to the south of the Chapala rift and west of the Michoacán-Guanajuato volcanic field merges, underneath the Colima rift, with the Colima volcano system at about 20 km depth, honoring the geometry of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. For depths greater than ~30 km, low-velocity features become parallel to the slab strike, right beneath the Mascota, Ayutla and Tapalpa volcanic fields, suggesting the presence of the mantle wedge above the Rivera plate. All mentioned low-velocity bodies are spatially correlated with the superficial volcanic activity suggesting their magmatic origin so that, the shallower these bodies, the younger are the associated volcanic deposits. Along the coast, different depths of the uppermost layer of the Rivera and the Cocos plates suggest that the latter plate subducts with an angle ~ 9° steeper than the former.

  13. Landscape changes in a coastal system undergoing tourism development: implications for Barra de Navidad Lagoon, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Tara L. Holland

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Por medio de dos imágenes de satélite adquiridas en 1985 (Landsat TM y 2000 (Landsat ETM+, se analizan cuantitativamente los patrones de cambio de cobertura y uso del suelo ocurridos entre 1985 y 2000 en la laguna de Barra de Navidad, Jalisco, México y su cuenca de drenaje. El análisis de las imágenes se realizó mediante una clasificación supervisada y verificación en campo de seis categorías de uso/cobertura de suelo: lagunar, agricultura, selva seca tropical, manglar y sin vegetación. Los cambios espaciales en la composición del uso del suelo fueron evaluados utilizando una matriz de transición y los cambios de configuración se interpretaron utilizando la métrica del paisaje. Los resultados mostraron que las áreas urbanas y turísticas se expandieron, a costa de la selva baja y suelos sin cobertura. También el manglar mostró un gran decremento (-39% experimentando una severa fragmentación. Estos cambios parecen estar relacionados con el incremento de la sedimentación, resultado de la erosión del suelo aguas arriba y a la progradación de un abanico dentro de la laguna de Barra de Navidad. Los resultados obtenidos pueden servir como un modelo de comparación de otros sistemas que experimentan múltiples factores estresantes, especialmente cambios relacionados con el turismo y la intensificación del uso del suelo.

  14. Dating of a representative pottery sample from the basin of Sayula, Jalisco in Mexico using the thermoluminescence method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercado U, H. [CINVESTAV, Unidad Monterrey, Nuevo Leon (Mexico); Schaaf, P.; Ramirez, A. [Instituto de Geofisica, UNAM, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Gonzalez, P.R. [ININ, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Brunet, J. [CUCSH, Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico)

    2006-07-01

    In this work is presented a study of dating of the representative pottery sample from the west of Mexico, in a predominantly saline region. The study is carried out with the thermoluminescence method and the fine grain technique. The archaeological region was begun to study from 1990. This work also presents an historical and geographical context of the region and its relevance in the western culture of Mexico. (Author)

  15. Radiologic inspection in an office built rod contaminated with radioactive material, in Tiaquepaque, Jalisco, Mexico; Inspeccion radiologica en una oficina construida con varilla contaminada con material radiactivo, en Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salas Mar, B.

    2011-07-01

    Note that in 1983 took place {sup T}he most important radiological accident occurred in Mexico in recent years occurred in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, consisting ea involuntary casting a source of Cobalt-60 (originally intended for medical use in teletherapy) and manufacture of rods for the construction and steel bases for tables, in the smelter {sup S}teel de Chihuahua{sup ,} so presumably, that the rods of the office of Tlaquepaque, come from the radiological accident.

  16. Éxito de eclosión del cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus y la tortuga golfina (Lepidochelys olivacea en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. (Hatching success of American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus and Olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Aranda-Mena, Oscar Saúl:

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan resultados históricos del éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina (2001-2004 y para el cocodrilo americano (2004-2005 en la región costera de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca un aumento en el éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina a la largo del período observado, producto posiblemente de las campañas de protección. Por otro lado, el estero “Boca Negra” es considerado como una zona importante para la reproducción del cocodrilo americano.AbstractWe present the historical results of hatching success of Olive ridley turtle (2001-2004 and the American crocodile (2004-2005 in the coastal region of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. We observed an increase in the hatching success for the Olive ridley turtle during the studied period, product possibly of the protection programs. On the other hand, "Boca Negra" estuary is considered an important zone for the reproduction of the American crocodile.

  17. Diversidad de avispas parasitoides de la familia Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea del bosque tropical caducifolio en San Buenaventura, Jalisco, México Diversity of parasitoid wasps of the family Encyrtidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea in the tropical dry forest of San Buenaventura, Jalisco, Mexico

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    Beatriz Rodríguez-Velez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados del estudio de la fauna de avispas parasitoides de la familia Encyrtidae en el bosque tropical caducifolio de San Buenaventura, Jalisco, México. El estudio se llevó a cabo de noviembre de 1996 a octubre de 1997. La recolección se realizó con trampas Malaise durante 5 días de cada mes. Se registró un total de 61 especies, 30 géneros, 13 tribus y 2 subfamilias. El mayor número de géneros y especies fue de la subfamilia Encyrtinae, con 22 géneros y 44 especies, seguida por Tetracneminae con 8 géneros y 17 especies. El género con mayor número de especies fue Metaphycus con 11. Las especies recolectadas no fueron abundantes, y su riqueza y abundancia varió estacionalmente, registrándose los valores más altos durante la temporada de lluvias. La similitud de la fauna de San Buenaventura, Jalisco con la de Huautla, Morelos fue mayor que la encontrada en otras regiones previamente estudiadas de bosque tropical caducifolio (San Javier, Sonora y Huatulco, Oaxaca.Results of a faunistic study of the parasitoid wasps of the family Encyrtidae of the tropical dry forest of San Buenaventura, Jalisco, Mexico are presented. The study was carried out from November 1996 to October 1997. Collecting technique was Malaise trapping. Collections were carried out during 5 days of every month. A total of 61 species, 30 genera, 13 tribes and 2 subfamilies were recorded. The subfamily with the largest number of species was Encyrtinae with 22 genera and 44 species, followed by Tetracneminae with 8 genera and 17 species. The genus with the largest number of species was Metaphycus with 11. Species had low abundance. Species richness and abundance varied with time, with the highest values recorded in the rainy season. The fauna of San Buenaventura, Jalisco was most similar to that of Huautla, Morelos, than to that of San Javier, Sonora and Huatulco, Oaxaca, all of them previously studied.

  18. Patrones de distribución geográfica de los mamíferos de Jalisco, México Mammal geographic distribution patterns in Jalisco State, Mexico

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    Ismael Ramos-Vizcaíno

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron los patrones de distribución de la riqueza de mamíferos en el estado de Jalisco y sus relaciones con algunos factores ambientales. Se obtuvo información de registros de mamíferos de Jalisco de diferentes colecciones biológicas nacionales y extranjeras. Se utilizaron las localidades de recolecta para realizar una cobertura de puntos. El estado se dividió en 159 unidades de clasificación geográfica (UCG´s de 15' por 15'. Se sobrepuso la cobertura de puntos, las UCG y algunos mapas de CONABIO para formar una matriz de presencia-ausencia. Se analizó la distribución de la riqueza por tipo de vegetación y altitud. Se observó un gradiente de riqueza que va desde las zonas tropicales hasta las semiáridas. Por altitud, la mayor riqueza se encontró entre los 1500 y 2000 m y la menor de los 4000 a 4500 m. Se aplicó una ordenación de Bray-Curtis y una clasificación con TWINSPAN. Ambas fueron consistentes en formar 2 grupos de mamíferos; uno con especies de la costa y el otro del noreste del estado, lo que refleja un gradiente climático. El porcentaje de variación acumulada fue del 94% y las variables del medio con mayor influencia fueron precipitación, temperatura, evaporación, altitud y vegetación.We analyzed the patterns of distribution of mammal species richness in Jalisco State and their relationships with some environmental factors. We retrieved distribution data from several national and foreign biological collections. We used the collecting localities to generate a spatial record of distribution points. The state was divided into 159 geographic units of classification (GUC's of 15' by 15'. We overlap the point cover, GUCs and some maps from CONABIO to create a presence-absence matrix. We analyzed the richness distribution by vegetation type and elevation. A richness gradient was observed from tropical to semiarid vegetation types and according to elevation; we observed higher richness between 1500 and 2000 m a. s

  19. Petrology of Volcán Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico: disequilibrium phenocryst assemblages and evolution of the subvolcanic magma system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Paul J.; Carmichael, Ian S. E.

    1994-09-01

    Volcán Tequila is an extinct stratovolcano in the western Mexican Volcanic Belt that has erupted lavas ranging from andesite to rhyolite during the last 0.9 Ma. Following an early period of rhyolitic volcanism, the main edifice of the volcano was constructed by central vent eruptions that produced ˜ 25 km3 of pyroxene-andesite. At about 0.2 Ma central activity ceased and numerous flows of hornblende-bearing andesite, dacite, and rhyodacite erupted from vents located around the flanks of the volcano. Bimodal plagioclase phenocryst rim compositions in lavas from both the main edifice and the flanks indicate that magma mixing commonly occurred shortly prior to or during eruption. Compositions of endmember magmas involved in mixing, as constrained by whole-rock major and trace element abundances, phenocryst compositions, and mineral-melt exchange equilibria, are similar to those of some lavas erupted from the central vent and on the flanks of the volcano. Estimated pre-eruptive temperatures for hornblende-bearing lavas (970° 830°C) are systematically lower than for lavas that lack hornblende (1045° 970°C), whereas magmatic H2O contents are systematically higher for hornblende-bearing lavas. In addition to stabilizing hornblende, high magmatic water contents promoted crystallization of calcic plagioclase (An70 82). Frequent injections of magma into the base of the subvolcanic plumbing system followed by eruption of mixed magma probably prevented formation of large volumes of silicic magma, which have caused paroxysmal, caldera-forming eruptions at other stratovolcanoes in western Mexico. The later stages of volcanic activity, represented by the flank lavas, indicate a change from a large magma storage reservoir to numerous small ones that developed along a NW-trending zone parallel to regional fault trends. Sr and Nd isotopic data for lavas from the Tequila region and other volcanoes in western Mexico demonstrate that differentiated calc-alkaline magmas are formed

  20. Influence of Tropical Cyclones Period 1970 TO 2010 IN the Region of Bahia de Banderas, Nayarit-Jalisco Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, J. M.

    2013-12-01

    This study evaluates the impacts of tropical cyclones (TC) that made landfall in populated areas along the Pacific coast of Mexico, especially in the region of Bahia de Banderas. During the period of 1970-2010 and used a database of international natural disasters to identify impacts. Were more than 13 events during the reporting period, of which 10 are examined more precipitation accumulated and 6 that caused further damage to the affected population in these cases ranged from 5000 to more than 15 000 inhabitants. Strong winds and heavy rainfall in periods of one to three days were associated with property damage and loss of life. The results of the study indicate that excessive accumulations of rain and daily intensity are important factors connected with the occurrence of disasters in densely populated areas. Six of the first 10 Tropical Cyclone associated with major disasters occurred in conditions of El Niño and four neutral conditions. With the analysis of satellite images using GOES-10 in the IDV software maps were obtained in the coastal impacts of Banderas Bay and describes the main features of each meteorological phenomena. In which concludes that no tropical cyclone entered directly to the Banderas Bay region, but its effects were very relevant, taking into account the topography, land use change and the vulnerability of the region. Tropical Cyclones that have affected the region of Bay of Banderas

  1. The Jalisco Seismic Telemetric Network (RESJAL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Gonzalez-Ledezma, M.; Garcia-Puga, J.

    2001-12-01

    The region of Jalisco is one of the most active seismic regions in Mexico, the main tectonic units in this region are the Jalisco Block and the Rivera Plate. The greatest earthquake (M=8.2) occurred in Mexico in the Twenty-Century (1932) took place in the coast of Jalisco, this was followed by another one (Ms =7.8) fifteen days later. In 1995 an earthquake magnitude 8.0 took place in the coast of Jalisco, but its rupture area was only the southern half of the rupture area proposed for the 1932 earthquakes, these facts suggest the existence of an important seismic Gap in the north coast of Jalisco which includes the area of Bahía de Banderas. However, not only subduction earthquakes occurred in this region there are also large inland earthquakes, such as the December 27, 1568 and February 11, 1872 events. There are also three active volcanoes Sanganguey, Ceboruco and the most active volcano in Mexico, the Colima volcano. In spite of these facts and the risk associated to these processes, there were only one seismological permanent station in Chamela on the coast of Jalisco and an analog telemetric network (RESCO) located on the Colima Volcano and the south part of the Colima Rift Zone (CRZ). By these reasons, the Unidad Estatal de Protección Civil de Jalisco (Jalisco Civil Defense) began a project to install a Digital Telemetric Network in the region in several phases, this project is carrying out jointly with SisVOc UdeG.; due to the size of the area and the topography of the region it is very difficult to get direct telemetric links, by these reasons the network is designed in cells with nodes, where the nodes are the different Campus of the University of Guadalajara located in the region, all Campus are linked by a computer network. First phase started in August 2001, it includes the installation of six stations, each station with a Kinemetrics Everest 24 bit datalogger, GPS time, and a Lennartz LE3Dlite 1Hz sensor, using KNI NMS to control and data acquisition

  2. Analyzing changes in the beef cattle ranching communities of acatic and tepatitlan de morelos, jalisco, Mexico related to land cover and climate variability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevino-Pena, Melva B.

    The impacts of climate change on the environment at the global scale can be determined through the use of large-scale circulation models; however, the results from these models are difficult to interpret at the regional or local levels. Regional vulnerability analyses consider the knowledge of locals, which may provide insight into the effects of climate variability on the environment at smaller scales, and most importantly, the effects that these developments are having on society. The objective of this research was to analyze the vulnerability to climate variability of the beef cattle ranching communities of the municipalities of Acatic and of Tepatitlan de Morelos, Jalisco, Mexico. These municipalities are found in a region of the state referred to as "Los Altos". The economy of Los Altos largely relies on agricultural and farming practices; these sectors provide the largest source of employment in the area. In the two municipalities that comprise the study area, the beef cattle industry is one of the strongest economic activities. Climate variability poses great threat on these communities because the main economic activities of the region are highly dependent on natural resources. To have a better understanding of the human-environment interactions in this region, remote sensing methods were applied. Three Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images (years: 1985, 1993 and 2000) were employed to generate land use and land cover classification maps of the study area; these maps were then subjected to a change detections analysis. Some of the land use and land cover categories experienced more change than others; among those was the category of water, shrub land and crop land. The area covered by water nearly doubled from 1985 to 1993 and then nearly decreased by half by the year 2000. From 1985 to 1993, here was a decrease in the shrub land of about 1200 ha and concurrently an increase in the crop land of about 1400 ha. From 1993 to 2000 there was an increase in the

  3. Structural pattern at the northwestern sector of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift and tectonic implications for the Jalisco block, western Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urrutia-Fucugauchi, Jaime; González-Morán, Tomás

    2006-10-01

    Analysis of the aeromagnetic anomalies over the northwestern sector of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift documents a NE-SW pattern of lineaments that are perpendicular to the inferred NW-SE boundary between the Jalisco block and the Sierra Madre Occidental. The boundary lies within the central sector of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift immediately north of the Ceboruco and Tepetiltic stratovolcanoes and extends up to the San Juan stratovolcano, where it intersects the NE-SW magnetic anomaly lineament that runs toward the Pacific coast (which intersects two volcanic centers). This N35°E lineament separates the central rift zone of low amplitude mainly negative anomalies (except those positive anomalies over the stratovolcanoes) from the zone to the north and west characterized by high amplitude positive long wavelength anomalies. The NE-SW lineament is parallel to the western sector of the Ameca graben and the offshore Bahia de Banderas graben and to the structural features of the Punta Mita peninsula at the Pacific coast, and thus seems to form part of a regional NE-SW pattern oblique to the proposed westward or northwestward motion of the Jalisco block. The orientation of this regional structural pattern at the northern end of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift seems consistent with proposed dominant SW-directed extension along the rift during the Pliocene and Quaternary, rather than with NW-SE lateral strike-slip faulting. The orthogonal pattern that characterizes the northernmost boundary of the Tepic-Zacoalco rift is oblique to the pattern observed in the Grande de Santiago river (which conforms the northern limit of the rift) and for the central-eastern sectors of the Ameca graben (south of the rift). This spatial arrangement of major lineaments and structural elements points to a complex tectonic history for the region that includes the rifting of the Gulf of California and margin deformation due to plate convergence and kinematic re-organization events, and which may have resulted in

  4. Short-term effects on substance use of the keepin' it real pilot prevention program: linguistically adapted for youth in Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsiglia, Flavio F; Booth, Jaime M; Ayers, Stephanie L; Nuño-Gutierrez, Bertha L; Kulis, Stephen; Hoffman, Steven

    2014-10-01

    This article presents the short-term effects of a pilot study of keepin'it REAL (Manténte REAL) conducted in central Mexico by a binational team of investigators. This middle school-based model program for preventing substance use was adapted for Mexico linguistically but not culturally. Two Guadalajara public middle schools were recruited and randomly assigned to either implement the prevention program or serve as a control site. The program was implemented in the treatment site by the students' regular teachers, who were trained by the research team. Seventh graders in ten classrooms in the treatment and control schools (N = 432) completed a pretest and posttest survey in Spanish similar to the survey utilized in the original efficacy trial of keepin'it REAL in the US. T-tests and OLS regressions were conducted to determine the effects of the intervention on substance use outcomes. Differences between treatment and control groups in frequency of use of alcohol and tobacco, the two substances of choice in this sample, were significant and in the desired direction. Differences in amount of use were also in the preferred direction but were not significant for alcohol and only marginally significant for tobacco. When the sample was split by gender, statistically significant treatment effects remained for females but were not observed among males. Effects of the linguistically adapted version of keepin'it REAL appears to be driven by the change in female use; however, the difference in male and female outcomes was not statistically significant. Implications for cultural adaptation and prevention in Mexico are discussed from a communication competency perspective. The promising results of the pilot study suggest that the linguistic adaptation was effective, but that a comprehensive cultural adaptation of keepin'it REAL in partnership with Mexican investigators and communities may be warranted.

  5. Seismicity of the Jalisco Block

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Rutz, M.; Camarena-Garcia, M.; Trejo-Gomez, E.; Reyes-Davila, G.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.

    2002-12-01

    In April 2002 began to transmit the stations of the first phase of Jalisco Telemetric Network located at the northwest of Jalisco Block and at the area of Volcan de Fuego (Colima Volcano), in June were deployed four additional MarsLite portable stations in the Bahia de Banderas area, and by the end of August one more portable station at Ceboruco Volcano. The data of these stations jointly with the data from RESCO (Colima Telemetric Network) give us the minimum seismic stations coverage to initiate in a systematic and permanent way the study of the seismicity in this very complex tectonic region. A preliminary analysis of seismicity based on the events registered by the networks using a shutter algorithm, confirms several important features proposed by microseismicity studies carried out between 1996 and 1998. A high level of seismicity inside and below of Rivera plate is observed, this fact suggest a very complex stress pattern acting on this plate. Shallow seismicity at south and east of Bahia de Banderas also suggest a complex stress pattern in this region of the Jalisco Block, events at more than 30 km depth are located under the mouth of the bay and in face of it, a feature denominated Banderas Boundary mark the change of the seismic regime at north of this latitude (20.75°N), however some shallow events were located at the region of Nayarit.

  6. Éxito de eclosión del cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus) y la tortuga golfina (Lepidochelys olivacea) en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. (Hatching success of American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) and Olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico)

    OpenAIRE

    Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán; Aranda-Mena, Oscar Saúl:

    2005-01-01

    Se presentan resultados históricos del éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina (2001-2004) y para el cocodrilo americano (2004-2005) en la región costera de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca un aumento en el éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina a la largo del período observado, producto posiblemente de las campañas de protección. Por otro lado, el estero “Boca Negra” es considerado como una zona importante para la reproducción del cocodrilo americano.AbstractWe present the h...

  7. LOS TEXTILES RECUPERADOS EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO (Textiles recovered from the Bolaños culture, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available En el México prehispánico, el hallazgo de textiles es sorprendente ya que deben reunirse determinados factores de clima y suelo para su conservación. Durante las excavaciones en El Piñón, sitio arqueológico perteneciente a la cultura Bolaños situada en el norte de Jalisco, México, se descubrieron varios fragmentos de telas elaboradas con fibras de algodón cuya antigüedad es de 1500 años. Dar a conocer este hallazgo resulta de gran importancia por ser una región inhóspita, poco conocida y alejada de las grandes urbes mexicanas. ENGLISH: It is very uncommon to find textile remains dated before the Spanish conquerors arrived in Mexico because numerous taphonomic factors, especially those pertaining to local climatic and soil chemistry conditions, must coincide to in order to preserve textiles. We found a series of cotton cloth fragments dated about 1500 years old during the archaeological recovery at the site of El Piñon, which is part of the Bolaños culture located in the North of Jalisco, Mexico. Publishing these data is very important due to the inhospitable geography and climate of the region, the fact that the site is not well known and is at a substantial distance from the closest Mexican urban centers.

  8. The age and composition of the pre-Cenozoic basement of the Jalisco Block: implications for and relation to the Guerrero composite terrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia, Victor A.; Righter, Kevin; Rosas-Elguera, Jose; López-Martínez, Margarita; Grove, Marty

    2013-09-01

    The Jalisco Block is thought to be part of the Guerrero terrane, but the nature and age of the underlying crystalline basement are largely unknown. We have collected a suite of schists, granitoids, and weakly metamorphosed marine sediments from various parts of the Jalisco Block including Atenguillo and Ameca, Mascota and San Sebastián, Cuale, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Mita, Yelapa, and Tomatlán. The schists range in age from 135 to 161 Ma, with many exhibiting Proterozoic and Phanerozoic zircon ages. The granitoids range in age from 65 to 90 Ma, and are calc-alkaline compositionally—similar to granitoids from the Puerto Vallarta and Los Cabos batholiths. The Jalisco granitoids also experienced similar uplift rates to granitoids from the regions to the north and south of the Jalisco Block. The marine sediments yield a maximum depositional age of 131 Ma, and also contain a significant zircon population with ages extending back to the Archean. Granitoids from this study define two age groups, even after the effects of thermal resetting and different closure temperatures are considered. The 66.8-Ma silicic ash flow tuff near Union de Tula significantly expands the extent of this Cretaceous-Paleocene age ash flow tuff unit within the Jalisco Block, and we propose calling the unit "Carmichael silicic ash flow tuff volcanic succession" in honor of Ian Carmichael. The ages of the basement schists in the Jalisco Block fully overlap with the ages of terranes of continental Mexico, and other parts of the Guerrero terrane in the south, confirming the autochthonous origin of the Jalisco Block rather than exotic arc or allochthonous origin. Geologic data, in combination with geochronologic and oxygen isotopic data, suggest the evolution of SW Mexico with an early 200-1,200-Ma passive margin, followed by steep subduction in a continental arc setting at 160-165 Ma, then shallower subduction by 135 Ma, and finally, emplacement of granitoids at 65-90 Ma.

  9. LA FLORIDA: UN CENTRO DE CONTROL EN LA REGIÓN DE BOLAÑOS, ZACATECAS Y JALISCO (La Florida: A control center in the region of Bolaños, Zacatecas and Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos López C.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Las excavaciones en el sitio arqueológico La Florida, Zacatecas, tuvieron como objetivo confirmar que la hipótesis planteada al inicio del proyecto arqueológico fue correcta al sugerir que un grupo procedente del centro de Jalisco ocupó el cañón de Bolaños con el propósito de establecer una ruta de intercambio comercial que uniera el centro de Jalisco con el norte de México. Dicha hipótesis se basó en la presencia de un patrón arquitectónico circular y tumbas de tiro, ambos rasgos presentes tanto en el cañón de Bolaños como en el centro de Jalisco. Las investigaciones en otros sitios de este cañón dieron a conocer que la población pertenecía a un mismo grupo biológico ya que mostraba una patología craneal (engrosamiento del frontal generalizada. ENGLISH: The objective of the archaeological diggings conducted in La Florida, Zacatecas, Mexico site, was to confirm that the hypothesis suggested originally was correct. It was that a group of people from the State of Jalisco relocated and settled in the Bolanios Canyon to establish a commercial route between the center of the State and the North of Mexico. This hypothesis is based on the circular architectonic pattern and the shaft tombs which are representative of the Bolanios Canyon and the center of the State of Jalisco. Because of generalized pathology of skulls (thickening of the frontal bone conducted by other research projects along the Bolaños Canyon, we know now that these people originated from the same ethnic group.

  10. Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semaan, Leslie

    The text explores Mexico's history, geography, art, religion, and lifestyles in the context of its complex economy. The text focuses on Mexico's economy and reasons for its current situation. Part I of this teaching unit includes: Teacher Overview, Why Study Mexico, Mexico Fact Sheet, Map of Mexico, the Land and Climate, History, Government,…

  11. Conductas delictivas en Tepatitlán de Morelos, Jalisco/Offences in Tepatitlan Morelos, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Fabiola García Álvarez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The multifactoriality of the crime is a constant in the various analyses that are made about the crime, a case study of these theoretical approaches is the analysis of crime in Tepatitlan de Jalisco. A description about how crimes such as robbery and murder, have behaved likewise a brief description of several of the causes that motivated the crime.

  12. [Ichthyofauna of the Navidad Bay, Jalisco, México].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar-Palomino, B; Pérez Reyes, C; Galván-Magaña, F; Abitía-Cardenas, L A

    2001-03-01

    A check-list and the relative abundance of the ichthyofauna from Bahia de Navidad, Jalisco, Mexico is presented. This poorly known area of the eastern Tropical Pacific ocean is characterized by its great fish diversity. A total of 245 fish species (163 genera, 72 families) were collected during the 1994-1995 annual cycle. Vouchers were deposited in Centro de Ecologia Costera, Universidad de Guadalajara. The most important families in number of species were Carangidae (20 species), Haemulidae (20), Serranidae (17), Sciaenidae (13) and Lutjanidae (8); 20 species represented 85% and 80% of relative abundance and biomass respectively. Microlepidotus brevipinnis, Caranx caninus, Caranx caballus, Kiphosus analogus and Caranx sexfasciatus, were the dominant species. Most fish species collected in Bahia de Navidad have zoogeographical affinity with the Panamic Province (65%), and in lesser proportion with the Eastern Pacific Ocean (19%), Circumtropical (7%), Mexican Province (5%), Indo-Pacific Ocean (3%) and Gulf of California (0.4%). The great ichthyological affinity between the study area and the southern Gulf of California suggests an extension of the of Gulf southern limit.

  13. Ataques de cocodrilo de río (Crocodylus acutus en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: presentación de cinco casos American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus attacks in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: Presentation of five cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.G. Cupul-Magaña

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan cinco casos de ataques por cocodrilos a personas, sin consecuencias fatales, en la región de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (2007-2010. En cuatro de los casos, la víctima sufrió amputación del miembro superior o inferior, y en un caso sólo resultó con mordeduras avulsivas en el brazo. Con la documentación de estos cinco casos, el número de ataques por cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus en la costa del estado mexicano de Jalisco durante los últimos 52 años es de entre 30 y 31. Los resultados muestran un incremento en los ataques entre 0,57 y 0,59 por año. Se describen los casos y se proponen explicaciones sobre los posibles motivos de los ataques por parte de los cocodrilos.Five cases of non-fatal crocodile attacks on people in the region of Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico (2007-2010 are presented. In four cases the victim suffered amputation of upper or lower extremity, but only in one case the victim resulted in bitten on the arm. With the documentation of these five cases, the number of attacks by American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus in the coast of the Mexican state of Jalisco for the past 52 years is between 30 and 31. The results show an increase in crocodile attacks from 0,57 to 0,59 per year. We describe the cases and suggest possible explanations for the crocodile's attacks.

  14. Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    This true-color image of Mexico was acquired by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. In areal extent, Mexico is the third largest country on the continent of North America (not counting Greenland, which is a province of Denmark), comprised of almost 2 million square kilometers (756,000 square miles) of land. Home to roughly 100 million people, Mexico is second only to the United States in population, making it the world's largest Spanish-speaking nation. To the north, Mexico shares its border with the United States-a line that runs some 3,100 kilometers (1,900 miles) east to west. About half of this border is defined by the Rio Grande River, which runs southeast to the Gulf of Mexico (partially obscured by clouds in this image) and marks the dividing line between Texas and Mexico. Toward the upper left (northwest) corner of this image is the Baja California peninsula, which provides the western land boundary for the Gulf of California. Toward the northwestern side of the Mexican mainland, you can see the Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains (brownish pixels) running southeast toward Lake Chapala and the city of Guadalajara. About 400 km (250 miles) east and slightly south of Lake Chapala is the capital, Mexico City. Extending northward from Mexico City is the Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains, the irregular line of brownish pixels that seem to frame the western edges of the bright white cumulus clouds in this image. Between these two large mountain ranges is a large, relatively dry highland region. To the south, Mexico shares borders with Guatemala and Belize, both of which are located south of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. Image courtesy Reto Stockli, Brian Montgomery, and Robert Simmon, based on data from the MODIS Science Team

  15. Crustal Architecture at the Collision Zone Between Rivera and North American Plates at the Jalisco Block: Tsujal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Bartolomé, Rafael; Prada, Manel; Nuñez-Cornú, Francisco; Córdoba, Diego; Bandy, William L.; Estrada, F.; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, José Luis; Mortera, Carlos; Ortiz, Modesto

    2016-09-01

    Processing and analysis of new multichannel seismic records, coincident with wide-angle seismic profiles, acquired in the framework of the TsuJal project allow us to investigate in detail the complex structure of the oceanic domain in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Block Jalisco at its northern termination. The subducting Rivera Plate, which is overridden by the North American Plate-Jalisco Block, is clearly identified up to 21.5°N (just south of Maria Magdalena Island) as a two clear reflections that we interpret as the interplate and Moho discontinuities. North of the Tres Marias Islands the seismic images display a different tectonic scenario with structures that are consistent with large faulting and rifted margin. A two-dimensional velocity approach for the crustal geometry is achieved using joint refraction/reflection travel time tomography, the uncertainty of the results is assessed by means of Monte Carlo analysis. Our results show an average oceanic crustal thickness of 6-7 km with a moderate increase towards the Jalisco Block, an anomalous thick layers (~3.0 km) displaying a relatively low velocity (~5.5 km/s) underneath Maria Magdalena Rise, and an estimated Moho depth deeper than 15 km in the collision zone between Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. We have also determined an anomalous crust on the western flank of the Tres Marias Islands, which may be related to the initial phases of continental breakup of the Baja California Peninsula and Mexico mainland. High-resolution bathymetry provides remarkable images of intensive slope instabilities marked by relatively large slides scars of more than 40 km2 extent, and mass-wasting deposits probably triggered by the intense seismicity in the area.

  16. Entrepreneurship and social capital: Sources of local development, the jewelery industry in Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes León Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last forty years in various regions of Mexico, Jalisco, has given impetus to the development of industries known as "modern" as electronics and software, this is intended to increase growth and foster development, all this has been detrimental to those industries considered "traditional" (footwear, textile, jewelery, industries that have long been the basis for productive development of these regions. Policies that have followed in industrial countries has been to promote the first under the assumption that they are incorporating the technology, while the latter incorporates little technology intheir production processes and generally do not innovate. However industrial behavior has demonstrated that the above is a fallacy.Government policies that were implemented in industrial resulted in the increase in the share of industrial production called "modern", such as electronics and software, but those traditional activities such as jewelry, not only maintained but that increased production and commercial dynamism. This dynamic is observed in the absorption of employment and productive participation nationwide. The jewelry industry is a case in point, because from generation entrepreneurshipcapacity, social capital and working together with the government, among others, has managed to influence local development in the region. Therefore in this paper analyzes trying to emphasize that industry, from interviews with key actors and quantitative analysis for this industry, basic factors that impacted on the local development of Jalisco.

  17. Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    Focus in this discussion of Mexico is on the following: geography; the people; history; political conditions; the economy; foreign relations; and relations between the US and Mexico. As of July 1987, the population of Mexico numbered 81.9 million with an estimated annual growth rate of 2.09%. 60% of the population is Indian-Spanish (mestizo), 30% American Indian, 9% white, and 1% other. Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world and the 2nd most populous country in Latin America. Education is decentralized and expanded. Mexico's topography ranges from low desert plains and jungle-like coastal strips to high plateaus and rugged mountains. Hernan Cortes conquered Mexico in 1919-21 and founded a Spanish colony that lasted for almost 300 years. Independence from Spain was proclaimed by Father Miguel Hidalgo on September 16, 1810; the republic was established on December 6, 1822. Mexico's constitution of 1917 provides for a federal republic with a separation of powers into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. Significant political themes of the administration of President Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado, who began his 6-year term in 1982, have been restructuring the economy, liberalizing trade practices, decentralizing government services, and eliminating corruption among public servants. In 1987, estimates put the real growth of the Mexican economy at 1.5%; the gross domestic product (GDP) had shrunk by 3.5% in 1986. Yet, on the positive side, Mexico's international reserves increased to record levels in 1987 (to about $15 billion), and its current account surplus reached more than $3 billion. Mexico has made considerable progress in moving to restructure its economy. It has substantially reduced impediments to international trade and has moved to reduce the number of parastatal firms. 1987 was the 2nd consecutive year in which Mexico recorded triple-digit inflation; inflation reached 158.8%. Other problems include

  18. Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    Although Mexico has serious economic and population growth problems, the country is making progress toward solving both of these problems. Mexico has a population of 77.7 million and a population density of 102 persons/square mile. The country has a birth rate of 32/1000, a death rate of 6/1000, and an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The estimated infant mortality rate is 55/1000. The median age of the population is 17.4. Mexico City, with a population of 15 million, is the 3rd largest city in the world, and by 1995, it is expected to be the largest city in the world, with a projected population of 25.2 million. The government vigorously promotes family planning, and the annual population growth rate slowed down from a high of 3.2% in 1970-75 to the current rate of 2.6%. Mexico hopes to achieve replacement level fertility by the year 2000. Other government policies promote income equality, agricultural development, and regional equalization of population growth. In 1982 Mexico's per capita income was US$2270, exports totaled US$21 billion, and imports totaled US$15 billion. By 1976, Mexico's international debt was US$30.2 billion, and inflation was rampant. Recently, the newly elected president, Miguel de la Madrid of the Partido Revolucionario Institutional, obtained a grant of US$39 million from the International Monetary Fund and removed price controls. These efforts should help stabilize Mexico's economy. The country will also need to expand its exports and increase its cultivatable acreage. PMID:12339665

  19. Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    The background notes on Mexico provide text and recent statistical information on the geography, population, government, economy, and foreign relations, specifically the North American Free Trade Agreement with US. The 1992 population is estimated at 89 million of which 60% are mestizo (Indian-Spanish), 30% are American Indian, 9% are Caucasian, and 1% are other. 90% are Roman Catholic. There are 8 years of compulsory education. Infant mortality is 30/1000 live births. Life expectancy for males is 68 years and 76 years for females. The labor force is comprised of 30% in services, 24% in agriculture and fishing, 19% in manufacturing, 13% in commerce, 7% in construction, 4% in transportation and communication, and .4% in mining. There are 31 states and a federal district. Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was $3200 in 1991. Military expenditures were .5% of GDP in 1991. The average inflation rate is 19%. Mexico City with 20 million is the largest urban center in the world. In recent years, the economy has been restructured with market oriented reforms; the result has been a growth of GDP of 3.6% in 1991 from 2% in 1987. Dependence on oil exports has decreased. There has been privatization and deregulation of state-owned companies. Subsidies to inefficient companies have been stopped. Tariff rates were reduced. The financial debt has been reduced and turned into a surplus of .8% in 1992. Mexico's foreign debt has been reduced from its high in 1987 of $107 billion. Agricultural reforms have been ongoing for 50 years. Land was redistributed, but standards of living and productivity have improved only slightly. Rural land tenure regulations have been changed, and other economic reforms are expected. Mexico engages in ad hoc international groups and is selective about membership in international organizations. PMID:12178052

  20. Earthquake cycle implications of the Jalisco/Colima GPS project, 1995-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demets, C.; Marquez-Azua, B.; Sanchez, O.; Stock, J.

    2007-05-01

    This talk will summarize results from modeling of campaign and continuous GPS measurements in a 30+ station network that extends 350 km along the Pacific coast and 300 km inland in the states of Jalisco, Colima, and Michoacan. Measurements since March of 1995 have recorded in detail the Oct 9, 1995 M=8.0 Colima/Jalisco and Jan 22, 2003 M=7.4 Tecoman earthquakes, constituting the only earthquakes with magnitudes above 6.5 that have ruptured the northwestern end of the Middle America trench since 1932. Modeling of coseismic offsets for both earthquakes indicate that coseismic slip extended no farther downdip than the Pacific coastline, defining a shallower seismogenic zone than is typical for subduction zone. Near-term postseismic measurements demonstrate that both earthquakes were followed within hours to days by aseismic propagation of slip along the subduction interface to deeper areas beneath the continent, decaying logarithmically with time after the earthquakes. These are diagnostic of fault-centered afterslip, representing a transient frictional response to the earthquake. Measurements months to years after each earthquake clearly show protracted, decaying transient deformation, consistent with viscoelastic flow of the upper mantle and possibly lower crust to relax the seismically-elevated stresses at depth. The afterslip and viscoelastic transients are further superimposed on linear landward motions of the GPS sites, which are an elastic response to relocking of shallow seismogenic areas of the subduction interface. The site motions are poorly fit by models that exclude steady interseismic strain accumulation, afterslip, or viscoelastic transients, strongly suggesting that all three contribute to surface deformation. Interestingly, no episodic transient slip has been recorded in Jalisco or Colima since continuous GPS recording was initiated by INEGI in early 1993. Unlike the rest of western and southern Mexico, where ETS is pervasive and presumably caused by

  1. Historic and ancient tsunamis uncovered on the Jalisco-Colima Pacific coast, the Mexican subduction zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Herrera, María Teresa; Bógalo, María Felicidad; Černý, Jan; Goguitchaichvili, Avto; Corona, Néstor; Machain, María Luisa; Edwards, Arturo Carranza; Sosa, Susana

    2016-04-01

    Research on extreme wave events such as tsunamis using the geological record in areas of infrequent and or small magnitude earthquakes can aid in extending the long-term history and recurrence intervals of large events. This information is valuable for risk management and community preparedness in coastal areas. Here we investigate tsunami deposits on the Jalisco coast of Mexico that overlies the subducting Rivera Plate under the North American plate, an area due for a large thrust earthquake and potential tsunami. Here, we apply a full battery of rock-magnetic analyses that also include a detailed AMS study and other typically applied proxies in tsunami deposits research. We present evidence to demonstrate that anomalous sand units with sharp basal contacts at La Manzanilla, Tenacatita Bay, and El Tecuán shore sites on the Jalisco coast may be the products of tsunamis generated by known historical (Ms 8.2 earthquake of 3 June 1932) and other earlier tsunamigenic earthquakes. A sandy unit with a sharp basal contact, flame structures at the base, rip-up clasts at La Manzanilla, and four sand units with sharp basal contact overlying buried soils at El Tecuán, together with other proxies, such as magnetic properties and others, suggest tsunami deposits. 210Pb dating of sediments slightly above the upper sand layer indicate an age A.D. 1935 ± 11 at El Tecuán. Historical accounts of tsunami inundation at both sites provide further evidence that this is most probably the result of the 3 June 1932 tsunami. Hence this study may provide the first evidence of a tsunami triggered by this earthquake and also of three probable predecessors. Further evidence of at least three earlier tsunamis that occurred since the fifteenth century is also evident in the stratigraphy. These events may correspond to events listed in historical archives, namely the 1563, 1816, and/or the 1818 events.

  2. Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document summarizes the key energy data for Mexico: 1 - energy organizations and policy: Ministry of energy (SENER), Comision Reguladora de Energia (CRE), Ministry of Finances, Ministry of trade and industrial development (SECOFI), national commission for energy savings (CONAE); 2 - companies: federal commission of electricity (CFE), Minera Carbonifera Rio Escondido (MICARE - coal), Pemex (petroleum); 3 - energy production: resources, electric power, petroleum, natural gas; 4 - energy consumption; 5 - stakes and perspectives. Some economic and energy indicators are summarized in a series of tables: general indicators, supply indicators (reserves, refining and electric capacity, energy production, foreign trade), demand indicators (consumption trends, end use, energy independence, energy efficiency, CO2 emissions), energy status per year and per energy source. (J.S.)

  3. Diversidad y datos reproductivos de mamíferos medianos y grandes en el bosque mesófilo de montaña de la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, México Medium and large mammal diversity and reproductive data in the cloud forest, Biosphere Reserve of Sierra Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Aranda

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El bosque mesófilo de montaña (BMM es uno de los ecosistemas con menor extensión territorial y de los más amenazados en México. Este trabajo presenta datos sobre la riqueza, abundancia relativa, actividad y datos reproductivos de especies de mamíferos medianos y grandes en el BMM ubicado en la Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra de Manantlán. Entre febrero de 2008 y agosto de 2009, mediante la utilización de fototrampas, se obtuvieron 372 registros independientes que corresponden a 17 especies. Esta información respalda la elección adecuada de método y sitios de monitoreo. Los resultados indican que el ecosistema se encuentra en buen estado de conservación, lo que coincide con lo que en fecha reciente registró la Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad. Es recomendable establecer acciones de monitoreo a mediano y largo plazo en múltiples sitios, para complementar la evaluación que se ha realizado de este ecosistema en el país.The cloud forest (CF is one of the ecosystems with less surface and the most threatened in Mexico. This paper presents information on the richness, relative abundance, activity and reproductive data of medium and large mammals in the CF located in the Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere Reserve. Between February 2008 and August 2009, we used camera-traps with which we obtained 372 independent records, corresponding to 17 species. We believe this data supports an appropriate choice of method and monitoring sites; but also data on richness, abundance and reproduction of the species indicate that the ecosystem is properly preserved in the area, which is consistent with recently reported Conabio. Therefore we recommend establishing monitoring activities in the medium and long term in multiple sites, which could complement the assessment that has been undertaken at national level in this ecosystem.

  4. Geranium mooreanum (Geraniaceae), una nueva especie de Jalisco

    OpenAIRE

    Aedo, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Se describe como nueva y se ilustra Geranium mooreanum, del subgén. Geranium, endémica de la Sierra de Manantlán, en el sur de Jalisco (México). Se discuten sus afinidades y las diferencias morfológicas respecto a especies próximas. Se añade una clave de identificación de los taxones de Geranium que se encuentran en la zona.

  5. 76 FR 6843 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ..., Jalisco, Mexico; Pablo Neruda No. 3583, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Coto Villa Coral No. 23, Residencial... Pabellion, Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico; Colonia Providencia, Calle Quebec, Apt. 1127, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; 4179 Colonia Miravalle, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Sendero Las Acacias 92,...

  6. Entre el patrimonio natural y el cultural habita el mito: Isla del río Cuale (Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

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    Andrade Romo, Edmundo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available International tourist places experience continuous changes, faster than non tourist cities or towns. This urban -tourist evolution is an excellent investigation subject to study local cultural heritage and its partner-anthropological implications, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, one of the three most important tourist centers in Mexico has not been the exception. This work notice how natural elements are transformed into cultural ones; by diachronic analysis diverse moments that conform and explain local identity are distinguished as well as the mythological construction about the local origin. Finally the former condition and social perception about the island, is exposed as the most significant natural-cultural element for people in Puerto Vallarta.

  7. Four new species of Cymatodera Gray from central and southern Mexico (Coleoptera, Cleridae, Tillinae

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    Alan F. Burke

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Four new species of Cymatodera are described from Mexico: C. tortuosa Burke & Rifkind, sp. n. from Hidalgo and Tamaulipas; C. ortegae Burke, sp. n. from Colima, Jalisco and Michoacan; C. gerstmeieri Burke & Rifkind, sp. n. from Chiapas; and C. mixteca Burke & Rifkind, sp. n. from Puebla and Guerrero. Male genitalia and other characters of taxonomic value are illustrated.

  8. Four new species of Cymatodera Gray from central and southern Mexico (Coleoptera, Cleridae, Tillinae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Alan F.; Rifkind, Jacques; Zolnerowich, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Four new species of Cymatodera are described from Mexico: Cymatodera tortuosa Burke & Rifkind, sp. n. from Hidalgo and Tamaulipas; Cymatodera ortegae Burke, sp. n. from Colima, Jalisco and Michoacan; Cymatodera gerstmeieri Burke & Rifkind, sp. n. from Chiapas; and Cymatodera mixteca Burke & Rifkind, sp. n. from Puebla and Guerrero. Male genitalia and other characters of taxonomic value are illustrated. PMID:26257571

  9. PRESENCIA DE LA CERÁMICA SEUDO-CLOISONNÉ EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO Y ZACATECAS (Presence of the Pseudo-cloisonné Pottery in the Bolaños Culture, Jalisco and Zacatecas

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    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La cerámica seudo-cloisonné tuvo una amplia distribución en el mundo prehispánico mexicano a partir de 200 d. C. Se denominó así por la semejanza en la técnica decorativa con el verdadero cloisonné elaborado sobre metal. La presencia de esta técnica poscocción en la cultura Bolaños, ubicada en parte de los estados de Jalisco y Zacatecas, constituyó una prueba más del contacto comercial que existió con la cultura Chalchihuites (noroeste de Zacatecas; a la cual le llegó a través de la ruta de intercambio comercial que partía desde Teotihuacan hacia el norte, en búsqueda de la preciada turquesa cuyos yacimientos se encuentran en Nuevo México. La decoración de las vasijas empleando esta técnica demostró la presencia de artesanos especialistas dentro de una sociedad con un avanzado desarrollo; los motivos señalan la ideología de sus creadores al plasmar representaciones de la fauna, la flora y personajes distinguidos dentro de la sociedad. ENGLISH: The pseudo-cloisonné pottery was widely distributed among the prehispanic world in Mexico from 200 AD. These objects are described as pseudo-cloisonné because of similarities to the decorative technique employed by the true cloisonné made of metal. The presence of this technique post-firing in the Bolaños culture, which is located among the states of Jalisco and Zacatecas, is further evidence of the commercial contact that took place with the Chalchihuites culture (Northeast Zacatecas. These objects arrived to Chalchihuites through the commercial exchange that began in Teotihuacan and traveled northward in search of the valuable turquoise mines located in New Mexico. The decoration on these objects using this technique shows evidence of the existence of highly skilled people specialized in this technique among this society. The decoration in general represents the ideology of the craftsmen when they embedded the features of nature as well as distinctive people among their

  10. Constraints on Jalisco Block Motion and Tectonics of the Guadalajara Triple Junction from 1998-2001 Campaign GPS Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvans, Michelle M.; Stock, Joann M.; Demets, Charles; Sanchez, Osvaldo; Marquez-Azua, Bertha

    2011-08-01

    A GPS campaign network in the state of Jalisco was occupied for ~36 h per station most years between 1995 and 2005; we use data from 1998-2001 to investigate tectonic motion and interseismic deformation in the Jalisco area with respect to the North America plate. The twelve stations used in this analysis provide coverage of the Jalisco Block and adjacent North America plate, and show a pattern of motion that implies some contribution to Jalisco Block boundary deformation from both tectonic motion and interseismic deformation due to the offshore 1995 earthquake. The consistent direction and magnitude of station motion on the Jalisco Block with respect to the North America reference frame, ~2 mm/year to the southwest (95% confidence level), perhaps can be attributed to tectonic motion. However, some station velocities within and across the boundaries of the Jalisco Block are also non-zero (95% confidence level), and the overall pattern of station velocities indicates both viscoelastic response to the 1995 earthquake and partial coupling of the subduction interface (together termed "interseismic deformation"). Our results show motion across the northern Colima rift, the eastern boundary of the Jalisco Block, which is likely to be sinistral oblique extension rather than pure extension. We constrain extension across both the Colima rift and the northeastern boundary of the Jalisco Block, the Tepic-Zacoalco rift, to ≤8 mm/year (95% confidence level), slow compared to relative rates of motion at nearby plate boundaries.

  11. El nacimiento de la ingeniería en Jalisco (1827-1869)

    OpenAIRE

    DelaTorre, Federico

    1995-01-01

    La presencia de la ingeniería en la educación superior, tanto en Europa como en América, comenzó hasta finales del siglo XVIII. En México, la profesionalización de la ingeniería se remonta a la creación del Colegio de Minería en 1792; sin embargo, en el resto del país, específicamente en Jalisco, su profesionalización se dio de manera más lenta. El autor relata la evolución de la enseñanza de las ciencias en el estado de Jalisco desde la formación del Instituto de Ciencias de Jalisco en 1826....

  12. de La Ciénega, costa sur de Jalisco

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    Peter R. W. Gerritsen

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hoy día la producción agroindustrial de alimentos es una actividad que está causando gran impacto tanto en los recursos naturales como en las culturas y los tejidos sociales; mientras que el modo campesino, opuesto al agroindustrial, propone una agricultura justa con base en las prácticas y experiencias campesinas generando así alternativas sustentables de producción.En este artículo se analizan cuatro estudios de caso de agricultores en el ejido de La Ciénega en la costa sur de Jalisco, los cuales se ubican en estos dos sistemas de producción. Los resultados exponen las técnicas de producción y estrategias campesinas que se desarrollan, así como la relación de los sistemas de producción ante las políticas agropecuarias. Terminamos resaltando la importancia de las prácticas y experiencias endógenas para el fortalecimiento de un desarrollo rural sustentable

  13. Multichannel Seismic Imaging of the Rivera Plate Subduction at the Seismogenic Jalisco Block Area (Western Mexican Margin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, Rafael; Górriz, Estefanía; Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Cordoba, Diego; Martí, David; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco; Bandy, William L.; Mortera-Gutiérrez, Carlos A.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, Jose Luis

    2016-10-01

    During the TSUJAL marine geophysical survey, conducted in February and March 2014, Spanish, Mexican and British scientists and technicians explored the western margin of Mexico, considered one of the most active seismic zones in America. This work aims to characterize the internal structure of the subduction zone of the Rivera plate beneath the North American plate in the offshore part of the Jalisco Block, to link the geodynamic and the recent tectonic deformation occurring there with the possible generation of tsunamis and earthquakes. For this purpose, it has been carried out acquisition, processing and geological interpretation of a multichannel seismic reflection profile running perpendicular to the margin. Crustal images show an oceanic domain, dominated by subduction-accretion along the lower slope of the margin with a subparallel sediment thickness of up to 1.6 s two-way travel time (approx. 2 km) in the Middle American Trench. Further, from these data the region appears to be prone to giant earthquake production. The top of the oceanic crust (intraplate reflector) is very well imaged. It is almost continuous along the profile with a gentle dip (developed accretionary prism consisting of highly deformed sediments with prominent slumping towards the trench that may be the result of past tsunamis. Also, a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) is identified in the first half a second (twtt) of the section. High amplitude reflections at around 7-8 s twtt clearly image a discontinuous Moho, defining a very gentle dipping subduction plane.

  14. Nuevas figuras sindicales: las Agencias de Colocación en Jalisco

    OpenAIRE

    Raquel Edith Partida Rocha

    2004-01-01

    Con la aparición de las nuevas inversiones de capital extranjero y la llegada de empresas transnacionales y maquiladoras en Jalisco, nace un vínculo muy sólido entre el capital, el Estado y los sindicatos. Así, hay en Jalisco una importante masa de trabajadores desprotegidos, como consecuencia de las prácticas sindicales corpo-rativas que no permiten el avance en los índices de sindicalización democrática, ni el fortalecimiento de las organizaciones independientes, no se vislumbra un camino a...

  15. Radiocarbon Dates from a Tomb in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furst, P T

    1965-02-01

    The first series of radiocarbon dates to be obtained from a deep shaft-and-chamber tomb of the type restricted in Mesoamerica to parts of Nayarit, Jalisco, and Colima in western Mexico ranges from 2230 +/- 100 years to 1710 +/- 80 years. Examination of the evidence indicates that for the present a date equivalent to A.D. 250 should be accepted for at least one phase, possibly a late phase, of the shaft tomb culture and for the hollow, polychrome figurines associated with the tombs.

  16. Los notarios de Jalisco: estructura y coyuntura en un campo profesional Jalisco's notaries: structure and junctures in a professional field

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    Alberto Arellano Ríos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la actividad notarial mexicana a partir del caso jalisciense. El enfoque con el que se trabaja es la hibridación de la noción de campo de Pierre Bourdieu y Otto Maduro, además de explicitar algunas características del derecho mexicano. Estos planteamientos sirven para hacer sociología jurídica, al trazar los elementos que ordenan y dan lógica a la actividad notarial. Asimismo, se muestran algunos conflictos suscitados en este espacio social.This article analyzes Mexican notaries' activity focusing on the case of Jalisco. The approach used combines Pierre Bourdieus and Otto Maduro's notions of social field in addition to explaining certain characteristics of the Mexican law. This analysis serves to advance the sociology of law by tracing the features that arrange and provide a logical framework for notarial activity. It also shows some of the conflicts that have arisen in this social space.

  17. [Perceptions of adolescents Jalisco campaign on breast cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia-Curiel, Amparo; Nuño-Gutiérrez, Bertha Lidia; Flores-Padilla, Luis; Villaseñor-Farías, Martha; López-López, José Luis; Covarrubias-Bermúdez, María de los Ángeles

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: las campañas sobre cáncer de mama (CaMa) y las estrategias de sensibilización tienen limitada evidencia sobre su efectividad en jóvenes. La percepción referente conductual que da cuenta cómo individuos seleccionan, organizan e interpretan información. Este estudio muestra la percepción de adolescentes jaliscienses sobre campañas de CaMa. Métodos: estudio cualitativo, exploratorio, transversal, basado en las teorías construccionista y asociacionista de la percepción. Entrevista con consentimiento informado a 13 grupos focales, 129 hombres y mujeres de 12 a 19 años, escolarizados, residentes de 6 regiones de Jalisco, muestreo: técnica bola de nieve. Entrevistas transcritas y procesadas en Atlas Ti 4.1, análisis por codificación abierta. Resultados: se identificaron 10 campañas, la percepción de ellas mostró 3 procesos: 1) Selección: permeada por elementos del diseño de las campañas; 2) Organización: influenciada por significados pre estructurados sobre el color rosa, alcances y limitaciones de las campañas, y 3) Interpretación: mostró juicios referentes a visibilización del CaMa, accesibilidad al conocimiento y recursos, permeabilización de pautas y códigos culturales positivos y no cobertura a expectativas. Conclusiones: se evidenció alta sensibilización de adolescentes ante el CaMa y amplia necesidad de información y servicios. Recomendamos generar estrategias en educación formal en la adolescencia sobre salud mamaria.

  18. Noise levels at critical points in the municipality of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa, Arturo; Garcia, Jesus; Macias, Jorge; Orozco, Martha; Garcia, Javier; Delgadillo, Alan

    2002-11-01

    Studies of acoustic conditions are planning tools on which we can diagnose the problem of noise pollution in the cities. The first study on noise pollution made in the city was made by the University of Guadalajara in 1995 and updated in 1998 covering with measuring points the city center. This paper discusses the problem of noise pollution by motor vehicles at critical points and covers a total of 105 points. The study also analyzes the problem of noise pollution base on the community annoyance from which a regulation policy should derive. Results of the study show that the most critical points are located within zone 1 (center) where Leq levels within the range of 70-85 dB were found. Such levels exceed by far the international standard of 65 dB as recommended for ambient noise by the World Health Organization.

  19. Spatial modeling of fires: a predictive tool for La Primavera Forest, Jalisco Mexico

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    Jose Luis Ibarra-Montoya

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The interaction of various elements of socioeconomic, political and cultural nature, influenced by landscape and climatic factors, are important aspects of fire regimes. Space models that integrate these elements and factors help to more accurately predict potential fire areas. The Protected Area Wildlife La Primavera (APFFLP is the main regulator of the climate of the Guadalajara metropolitan area, and forest fires frequently occur there. These represent a challenge for science and technology to develop methodologies that help predict forest fires. This study involves the construction of a spatial model that helps identify potential areas of fire in that area. The model integrates meteorological variables, landscape, fuels, anthropogenic and / or causality, and historical occurrences of fires during the period 1998-2012. According to the model, the variables that determine the areas of greatest fire potential are: slope (landscape, relative humidity (weather, vegetation type (causality and land use (anthropogenic. The model predicts a large area with high potential for fire, located in the central and northwest APFFLP polygon; also, there are small, isolated potential zones in the eastern part of the polygon. The information developed by this study could support the generation of local risk maps, thereby optimizing the actions of fire management and restoration of the La Primavera forest.

  20. Multichannel Seismic Imaging of the Rivera Plate Subduction at the Seismogenic Jalisco Block Area (Western Mexican Margin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, Rafael; Górriz, Estefanía; Dañobeitia, Juanjo; Cordoba, Diego; Martí, David; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco; Bandy, William L.; Mortera-Gutiérrez, Carlos A.; Nuñez, Diana; Castellón, Arturo; Alonso, Jose Luis

    2016-06-01

    During the TSUJAL marine geophysical survey, conducted in February and March 2014, Spanish, Mexican and British scientists and technicians explored the western margin of Mexico, considered one of the most active seismic zones in America. This work aims to characterize the internal structure of the subduction zone of the Rivera plate beneath the North American plate in the offshore part of the Jalisco Block, to link the geodynamic and the recent tectonic deformation occurring there with the possible generation of tsunamis and earthquakes. For this purpose, it has been carried out acquisition, processing and geological interpretation of a multichannel seismic reflection profile running perpendicular to the margin. Crustal images show an oceanic domain, dominated by subduction-accretion along the lower slope of the margin with a subparallel sediment thickness of up to 1.6 s two-way travel time (approx. 2 km) in the Middle American Trench. Further, from these data the region appears to be prone to giant earthquake production. The top of the oceanic crust (intraplate reflector) is very well imaged. It is almost continuous along the profile with a gentle dip (<10°); however, it is disrupted by normal faulting resulting from the bending of the plate during subduction. The continental crust presents a well-developed accretionary prism consisting of highly deformed sediments with prominent slumping towards the trench that may be the result of past tsunamis. Also, a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) is identified in the first half a second (twtt) of the section. High amplitude reflections at around 7-8 s twtt clearly image a discontinuous Moho, defining a very gentle dipping subduction plane.

  1. Subduction of the Rivera Plate Beneath the Jalisco Block as Imaged by Magnetotelluric Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, R.; Corbo, F.; Arzate, J.

    2013-05-01

    Two magnetotelluric profiles perpendicular to the trench provide information on the subduction of the Rivera plate under the Jalisco Block (JB). The geometry of the subducting slab is inferred by the anomalous conductor on the top of the profile in the central part of the JB. High-conductivity zones (Bahia de Banderas fault (BBF) zone subduction appears to stop or to occur closer to the trench at a steeper angle. The conductivity image at the NW edge of JB reveals no downwards dipping plate but an extended conductor apparently rising from depths > 40 km. Our results supports the mantle upwelling theory as an explanation to the reported 1.5 km uplift of the central part of the Jalisco Block, and the Rivera plate discontinuity across the BBF zone as suggested by seismicity data.

  2. ARQUEOFAUNA DEL SITIO ARQUEOLÓGICO EL PIÑÓN, CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO, MÉXICO/Archaeofauna of the archaeological site “El Piñón”, Cultura Bolaños, Jalisco, México.

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    Bernardo Rodríguez Galicia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available La cultura Bolaños comprende diversas comunidades humanas que se asentaron en uno de los cañones que forman la Sierra Madre Occidental y se ubica, cronológicamente, entre el año 100 a.C. y llega al 1260 de nuestra era, extendiéndose desde el sur de Zacatecas hasta llegar a la desembocadura del río Grande de Santiago, en el centro de Jalisco, México. La base de su desarrollo fue el intercambio de artefactos por productos y materias primas que no existían en la región del occidente mexicano. Aquí el estudio arqueozoológico realizado con las colecciones de restos óseos obtenidos de las excavaciones efectuadas en el sitio arqueológico “El Piñón”, y su correspondiente interpretación, permitió reconstruir tanto el ambiente natural como el cultural suscitado en el pasado. La fauna identificada consistió, en un primer análisis preliminar, en poco más de 3333 especímenes óseos, entre huesos y dientes no modificados, y alterados por cocción, cremación o trabajados, los cuales correspondieron a más de 250 individuos, entre los que se pueden mencionar: conejos, liebres, ardillas, tuzas (topos, perros, pumas, linces, pecaríes, venados, guajolotes (pavos, patos, codornices y guacamayas verdes, entre otros vertebrados que son comunes al ambiente semiseco-templado que prevalece en la región de Zacatecas-Jalisco.   Abstract   The Bolaños culture is made up of many human communities that established in one of the western Sierra Madre canyons, Mexico. Their occupations are chronologically dated between 100 years BC and 1260 years AD, and extended from southern Zacatecas to the mouth of the Rio Grande of Santiago, in the center of Jalisco, Mexico. The basis of their development was the exchange of artifacts for products and raw material that didn’t exist in the western Mexican region. Here, the archaeozoological study performed with the bone remains recovered in excavations from the “El Piñon” archaeological site is

  3. Cuidados alternativos en la atención del embarazo en Jalisco, México Alternative care options for pregnancy in Jalisco, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Valadez; Noe Alfaro; Elizabeth Pozos

    2003-01-01

    En la atención prenatal se ha identificado la cultura de la madre como factor que influye en la utilización de los servicios de salud. Las creencias y prácticas de medicina tradicional y doméstica que realiza la mujer durante el embarazo pueden intervenir en la decisión de acudir a la atención médica. En una muestra no probabilística de 3.250 mujeres se identificaron los cuidados alternativos de atención al embarazo y se estableció su relación con un control prenatal satisfactorio. Para el an...

  4. Ataques de cocodrilo de río (Crocodylus acutus) en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: presentación de cinco casos American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) attacks in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México: Presentation of five cases

    OpenAIRE

    F.G. Cupul-Magaña; A. Rubio-Delgado; C. Reyes-Núñez; E. Torres-Campos; L.A. Solís-Pecero

    2010-01-01

    Se presentan cinco casos de ataques por cocodrilos a personas, sin consecuencias fatales, en la región de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (2007-2010). En cuatro de los casos, la víctima sufrió amputación del miembro superior o inferior, y en un caso sólo resultó con mordeduras avulsivas en el brazo. Con la documentación de estos cinco casos, el número de ataques por cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus) en la costa del estado mexicano de Jalisco durante los últimos 52 años es de entre 30 y...

  5. Notes on the Quality of Life of Artisanal Small-Scale Fishermen along the Pacific Coast of Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myrna Leticia Bravo-Olivas

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable fishing includes the socioeconomic status of fishers. We combined empirical quality of life (QOL and subjective lived experiences methods to explore the social sustainability of artisanal fishers in five fishery collectives along the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where the average daily income is slightly above the poverty level. The QOL scores were also related to annual catch and incomes within each collective. A QOL index is used in this study that combines importance and achievement ratings scores; the results are indicative of an acceptable QOL for fishermen. The concept of lived experiences, incorporating aspects of life relating to Mind, Body, Work and People was explored through interviews with 12 fishers. The QOL data revealed that family and friends are important indicators related to positive QOL reported by the sample, while economic indicators were not important. Although four of the five collectives perceived that the future looks worse than the present and past, there was limited correlation between catch or income and QOL. However, while the lived experiences exercise in part supported the QOL findings, in that People was the most important dimension for almost all of the fishers interviewed, negative economic gaps related to poor catches and incomes were prevalent in the Mind and Work dimensions. The findings suggest that to understand the socioeconomic component of sustainable fisheries, both of these approaches should be considered, as they can illuminate different aspects of fishers’ lives that need to be considered during the development of fisheries’ management policies.

  6. Imaging the Rivera and Cocos Plates below Jalisco and Michoacan Blocks from Seismicity Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Gutierrez Pena, Q. J.; Escudero, C. R.; Barba, D. C., Sr.

    2014-12-01

    We review the local seismicity recorded by the project "Mapping the Riviera Subduction Zone" (MARS), a temporary seismic network that was installed in the states of Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán between January 2006 and June 2007, and the data collected by Jalisco Seismic and Accelerometric Network (RESAJ). We did a relocation of all MARS events using Hypo71 and the P-wave velocity model used by the RESAJ. The data comprise more than 2,000 earthquakes with local magnitude between 1.4 and 5.9 and depths between 1.0 and 109 km. Some crustal seismicity alignments are observed on the Jalisco Block. The geometry of the slabs is different; both are clearly separated beneath the Colima Graben. The Cocos plate, residing south of the graben, presents a typical flat slab dipping with an angle of about 21º extending eastward 200 km from the trench. Meanwhile, the more northerly Rivera plate exhibits a curvature or bend, possibly the result of an oblique suduction process, dipping from the trench with an angle of about 10º just south of Bahía Banderas to a dip angle of 25º at the Eastern contact with the Colima Graben. We have produced profiles parallel to the trench, in a profile along the shore line and a second one 50 km inland. A subduction dip angle of 12º towards the SE direction is observed in the Rivera plate in profiles inland from Bahia de Banderas to the Colima Graben, but the seismicity ceases to define the plate for more westerly profiles which enounter the graben.

  7. Recursos naturales en la región de los valles, Jalisco.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Francisca Sánchez Moreno

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La Región Valles se encuentra en los límites de las provincias fisiográficas IV Sierra Madre occidental y X Eje Neovolcánico correspondiendo los sistemas de topoformas predominantes a sierras, lomeríos y mesetas según la Comisión Estatal de Agua, Jalisco (CEA, Jal. Esta Región Valles se encuentra en el centro occidente del Estado y colinda con las regiones 01 Norte, 10 Sierra Occidental, 12 Centro, 06 Sur y 07 Sierra de Amula, así como con el Estado de Nayarit. Tiene una superficie de 5,851 km2 , lo cual representa 7.3 por ciento del total Estatal, lo cual ubica a Valles como una área geográfica media, con relación al resto de las regiones del Estado de Jalisco. Esta región tiene una gran riqueza en cuanto a Recursos Naturales se refiere, ya que cuenta con la recién declarada Área Estatal de Protección Hidrológica, “Sierra del Águila” el 18 de febrero del 2010, Presa de la Vega declarada sitio Ramsar en el mismo año y tiene uno de los recursos hídricos más importantes de Jalisco, Cuenca del Río Ameca. De acuerdo con la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA, la región Valles es una superficie donde la capacidad de los mantos acuíferos permite la extracción para cualquier tipo de uso, encontrando dos zonas geohidrológicas donde se realizan extracciones, que son la de Tequila (RH12 y la de Ameca (RH14.

  8. ESTRUCTURA DEL BOSQUE TEMPLADO DE GALERÍA EN LA SIERRA DE QUILA, JALISCO

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Luisa Santiago-Pérez; Alberto Ayón Escobedo; Verónica Carolina Rosas-Espinoza; Fabián Alejandro Rodríguez Zaragoza; Sandra Luz Toledo González

    2014-01-01

    El área protegida Sierra de Quila en Jalisco posee una extensa red de arroyos permanentes y temporales donde los bosques de galería mantienen importantes procesos ecológicos y de conectividad biológica. Este trabajo describe su estructura florística arbórea en siete arroyos ubicados en el intervalo altitudinal de 1 876 y 2 200 m. Se establecieron 29 sitios de muestreo de 500 m 2 cada uno (1.45 ha) en los que se midieron todos los individuos leñosos 7 cm de diámetro (DN). Se registraron ...

  9. A new species of the genus Asthenara Förster, 1869 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) from Mexico with identification key.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reshchikov, Alexey

    2016-01-01

    The genus Asthenara Förster, 1869, belonging to the tribe Pionini of the subfamily Ctenopelmatinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae), comprises eight described species (Yu et al. 2012). Two of them are distributed in the Palaearctic Region, and six in the Neotropical region. One Neotropical species is known from Costa Rica (Gauld et al. 1997), the remaining five from Mexico (Kasparyan 2006). Kasparyan (2006) provided a key to the species from the Mexico. To date, no species of the genus have been described from Nearctic region or south of Costa Rica. In this article a new species belonging to Asthenara, collected in the Mexican state of Jalisco is described. PMID:27615834

  10. Entre aromas de incienso y pólvora : Los Altos de Jalisco, México, 1917-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    López Ulloa, José Luis

    2008-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the Mexican Revolution and on the opposition strategies followed by the opponents of the revolutionary regime who lived in the region known as Los Altos de Jalisco. In this particular region, the Catholic population, supported by the Clergy, was in constant conflict with the r

  11. CASCABELES DE COBRE EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO (Copper Bells in the Bolaños Culture, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available En el sitio de El Piñón, perteneciente a la cultura Bolaños, se recuperaron siete cascabeles pequeños de forma globular elaborados en cobre nativo y elementos traza de arsénico y plata. Como en otros sitios del occidente de México, se encontraron asociados a entierros, lo cual sugiere una relación religiosa enfocada a la muerte. Las circunstancias sociales y económicas de este hallazgo, en especial dentro de la cultura Bolaños y en el centro rector de la región como lo fue El Piñón, es probable que representaran objetos de muy alto valor que llegaron al sitio como un regalo destinado al grupo de poder, como lo atestiguan los entierros donde fueron encontrados. ENGLISH: At the site of El Piñon, belonging to the Bolaños Culture, seven small globular bells made in native copper were recovered. The bells have trace elements of arsenic and silver. Like other sites in western Mexico, these objects were associated with burials, suggesting a religious relationship focused on death. The social and economic circumstances of this find, particularly within the Bolaños Culture and given El Piñon’s location near the governing center of the region, likely represent very high value items that reached the site intended as a gift for the group in power, as evidenced by the burials where the bells were found.

  12. Reformas sin mejora: las leyes de fiscalización superior en Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aimée Figueroa Neri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la evolución del ordenamiento jurídico de la fiscalización superior de Jalisco, México, del año 2000 al 2009 en materia de rendición de cuentas, con el referente de la legislación federal de ese mismo periodo y el contexto nacional. El objetivo es valorar si las reformas a las normas jurídicas jaliscienses apuntaron hacia la mejora de la estructura y sistema de rendición de cuentas. También se incluyen los principales avances detectados, los retrocesos y las áreas de riesgo para el control de los recursos públicos.

  13. LA FLORIDA: UN CENTRO DE CONTROL EN LA REGIÓN DE BOLAÑOS, ZACATECAS Y JALISCO (La Florida: A control center in the region of Bolaños, Zacatecas and Jalisco)

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos López C.; M.ª Teresa Cabrero G.

    2009-01-01

    Las excavaciones en el sitio arqueológico La Florida, Zacatecas, tuvieron como objetivo confirmar que la hipótesis planteada al inicio del proyecto arqueológico fue correcta al sugerir que un grupo procedente del centro de Jalisco ocupó el cañón de Bolaños con el propósito de establecer una ruta de intercambio comercial que uniera el centro de Jalisco con el norte de México. Dicha hipótesis se basó en la presencia de un patrón arquitectónico circular y tumbas de tiro, ambos rasgos presentes t...

  14. Imaging the Jalisco Block and Rivera Plate from Seismicity and Wide Angle Seismic Data from TsuJal Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez-Cornú, Francisco J.; Cordoba, Diego; Núñez, Diana; Gutierrez Peña, Quiriart; Escudero, Christian; Zamora Camacho, Araceli; José Dañobeitia, Juan; Bartolomé, Rafael

    2015-04-01

    A crustal model for the northern coast of Jalisco have been obtained from wide angle seismic data from Tsujal experiment using data collected by portable stations and the Jalisco Seismic and Accelerometric Network (RESAJ) permanent seismic stations. This model has been compare with data from the local seismicity recorded in the frame of the project "Mapping the Riviera Subduction Zone" (MARS); a temporary seismic network that was installed in the states of Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán between January 2006 and June 2007, and the data collected from RESAJ. A relocation of all MARS events using Hypo71 and the P-wave velocity model used by the RESAJ. The dataset comprise more than 2,000 earthquakes with local magnitude between 1.4 and 5.9 and depths between 1.0 and 109 km. Some crustal seismicity alignments are observed on the Jalisco Block. The geometry of the slabs is different; both are clearly separated beneath the Colima Graben. The northerly Rivera plate exhibits a curvature or bend, possibly the result of an oblique suduction process, dipping from the trench with an angle of about 10° just south of Bahía Banderas to a dip angle of 25° at the Eastern contact with the Colima Graben. We have produced profiles parallel to the trench, in a profile along the shore line and a second one 50 km inland. A subduction dip angle of 12° towards the SE direction is observed in the Rivera plate in profiles inland from Bahia de Banderas to the Colima Graben, but the seismicity ceases to define the plate for more westerly profiles which enounter the graben.

  15. Mexico Geoid Heights (MEXICO97)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This 2' geoid height grid for Mexico, and North-Central America, is the MEXICO97 geoid model. The computation used about one million terrestrial and marine gravity...

  16. 1985 Mexico City, Mexico Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The magnitude 8.1 earthquake occurred off the Pacific coast of Mexico. The damage was concentrated in a 25 square km area of Mexico City, 350 km from the epicenter....

  17. Áreas prioritarias para colectar germoplasma de Amaranthus en México con base en la diversidad y riqueza de especies Priority areas to collect Amaranthus germplasm in Mexico based on diversity and species richness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Espitia Rangel

    Full Text Available Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo utilizar el Sistema de Información Geográfico, para crear mapas de índices de diversidad y riqueza de especies del género Amaranthus en México, para proyectar las mejores áreas de colecta de germoplasma. La máxima riqueza de especies se encontró en el centro occidente del Estado de México incluyendo el Distrito Federal y la costa del Pacífico, entre Jalisco y Colima, así como en Sinaloa. El índice de biodiversidad de Brillouin mostró alta diversidad en la costa del Pacífico, Sinaloa, entre los estados de Jalisco y Colima, además el centro occidente de Nuevo León, la región de la Huasteca del sureste de Tamaulipas y noreste de Veracruz, así como la zona noroeste de la Península de Yucatán. Las áreas prioritarias que se proponen son: la costa central de Sinaloa, sur de la región biogeográfica de Sonora, parte centro occidente del Estado de México incluyendo el Distrito Federal, región biogeográfica del Eje Volcánico Transmexicano y la costa del pacífico centro entre los estados de Jalisco y Colima, finalmente en la región biogeográfica de la costa pacífica mexicana.This investigation had as objective to use the Geographical Information System, to create maps of indexes of diversity and wealth of species of genus Amaranthus in Mexico, to plan the best areas of germplasm collection. The maximum wealth of species was in west center of State of Mexico including Distrito Federal and the Pacific coast, between Jalisco and Colima, as well as in Sinaloa. The Brillouin index of biodiversity showed high diversity in the Pacific coast, Sinaloa, between the states of Jalisco and Colima, also the west center of Nuevo León, the region of Huasteca of southeast of Tamaulipas and northeast of Veracruz, as well as the northwest area of Yucatán Peninsula. The priority areas proposed are: the central coast of Sinaloa, south of biogeographic region of Sonora, west center section of State of Mexico

  18. International Workshop on Educational Infrastructure: Conclusions (Summary of Proceedings, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, February 24-27, 2002).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Programme on Educational Building.

    This document summarizes themes developed and conclusions from the International Workshop on Educational Infrastructure. The opening topic was "Delivering Education and Training in the Knowledge Society." It was clear to participants that educational infrastructure must go hand-in-hand with reengineering processes to adjust to the needs of the…

  19. Regional application of a cropping systems simulation model: crop residue retention in maize production systems of Jalisco, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartkamp, A.D.; White, J.W.; Rossing, W.A.H.; Ittersum, van M.K.; Bakker, E.J.; Rabbinge, R.

    2004-01-01

    To ensure the productivity of smallholder maize production systems in Central America, increased attention must be paid to conserving soil and water resources. Various stakeholders from national agricultural research services (NARS), networks, non-governmental organizations (NGO's) and research inst

  20. Colima (Tigridieae: Iridaceae), a new genus from western Mexico and a new species: Colima tuitensis from Jalisco

    OpenAIRE

    Aarón Rodríguez; Luis Ortiz Catedral

    2003-01-01

    Based on cytological, palynological, and DNA evidence, we propose the elevation of Nemastylis subgenus Colima to the generic status to include Nemastylis convoluta. The new genus is characterized by its united filaments, free anthers with longitudinal dehiscence, style divided into three branches with six arms at right angles, apical stigmatic surface, absence of nectaries, lack of mucro between the style arms and bisulcate pollen grains. A preliminary study based on morphological variation a...

  1. Age Determination of Microlepidotus brevipinnis (Steindachner, 1869 (Pisces: Haemulidae in the Coast of Jalisco, Mexico, by Reading Otoliths and Scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.G. Cabral-Solis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with age determination of the brassy grunt Microlepidotus brevipinnis by reading otoliths (sagittae and scales which allowed the identification of 13 age groups. Growth of otoliths and scales is proportional to the growth of the fish. The time of formation of fast and slow growth bands in sagittae, as well as the time of ring formation in the scales is one year. The highest growth in length of this species takes place during the first year of life, in which the organism reaches 125.0 mm, this reduces natural mortality of the individuals by decreasing depredation. Growth in weight of this species is isometric. Sexual differentiation of the organisms is apparent after the age of two years and there were differences in the average length for each age in scales and otoliths for males and females. The age of other members of the Haemulidae family were compared with those obtained in the present study and M. brevipinnis reaches its oldest age in 13 years. It occupies a middle point (442.4 mm in relation to the total lengths of other haemulids in the Mexican Pacific coast.

  2. Dietary fat and antioxidant vitamin intake in patients of neurodegenerative disease in a rural region of Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Meza, Mónica; Gabriel-Ortiz, Genaro; Pacheco-Moisés, Fermín P.; Cruz-Ramos, José A.; López-Espinoza, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate and compare the intake of lipids and (A, E, and C) vitamins in patients with and without possible neurodegenerative diseases. Methods Twenty adults with possible Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease and 41 control subjects (50–89 years old) from a rural region were studied. Dietary intake was evaluated with the analysis of macronutrients and micronutrients conducted by a food frequency questionnaire and 24 hours dietary record. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, and energy intake. Through interrogation and use of medical record form of health secretary we obtained information about the sociodemographic characteristics. Multivariate analysis of variance to allow for covariated adjustment was used. Results Patients had a lower energy intake, vitamin C (P = 0.016), fruits (P < 0.001), vegetables (P = 0.037), and oils and fat (P = 0.002), than the controls. Interestingly, the C vitamin intake in patients was still higher than the recommended. Patients had a higher consumption of cereals (P = 0.017), high-animal fat diet (P = 0.024), and whole milk (P < 0.001); 2.4% of the controls smoke and 5% are alcohol consumers. Eighty-five percent of patients and 78% of the controls do not have physical activity. Family history of subjects in this study indicated chronic diseases. Conclusion The subjects included in this study had a high intake of C vitamin, this is due to the consumption of fruits and vegetables. However, patients with possible Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease had a lower intake of fruits and vegetables, which could be due to type of food to which they have access. PMID:24257159

  3. Isla del río Cuale (Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmundo Andrade Romo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Los destinos turísticos internacionales experimentan cambios continuos y a velocidades generalmente mayores que en ciudades o poblados no turísticos. Esta evolución urbano-turística resulta un excelente tema de investigación para el estudio del patrimonio cultural local y sus implicaciones socioantropológicas, Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, uno de los tres destinos turísticos internacionales más importantes de México, no ha sido la excepción. En el presente artículo se advierte como los elementos naturales se transforman en culturales y a través del análisis diacrónico se distinguen los distintos momentos que conforman y explican la identidad local, así como de la elaboración mitológica sobre el origen local. Finalmente se expone la situación actual impactada por el turismo y la percepción social sobre la Isla del río Cuale como el elemento natural-cultural más significativo en la población vallartense.

  4. Escenario sobre el Autismo en Jalisco desde la Legislación actual.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Govela Espinosa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available El día 30 de abril del 2015 se publicó en el Diario Oficial de la Federación, la Ley General para la Atención y Protección a Personas con el Espectro Autista. Un día antes la Cámara de Diputados declaró el 2 de abril como el Día Nacional de la Integración de las Personas con Autismo. Ambos acontecimientos son importantes avances en el apoyo al desarrollo social de las personas con autismo, pero ¿Cuáles son las condiciones socioculturales, y educativas en que viven los menores de edad que tienen la condición autista en el estado de Jalisco? Para analizar esto se realizará una investigación documental de tipo exploratorio – porque desafortunadamente no hay mucha información al respecto - en base a los datos oficiales existente

  5. Identity narratives by American and Canadian retirees in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Stephen P

    2004-12-01

    Ethnographic materials, including depth interviews and a video, are analyzed to better understand how expatriate retirees living in the Lake Chapala Riviera region of Jalisco, Mexico manage personal identities in retirement. Using concepts from narrative gerontology, this study demonstrates how expatriates' stories and descriptions of Mexicans and Mexican ways of life reflexively construct storytellers' identities and provide a logic for intercultural relationships. While the host population is characterized as happy, friendly, helpful, enterprising and polite, concurrent stories by the same narrators portray them also as untrustworthy, inaccessible, lazy and incompetent. A discourse analysis that extends Cavarero's narrative identity theory argues that these contrasting conceptions of the host culture and population are deployed so as to reflexively position expatriate retirees as interpersonally attractive, culturally tolerant and pragmatically adaptable. Implications for the subjective experience of international migrant retirees are drawn from the descriptive analysis. PMID:15604649

  6. Family physicians clinical aptitude for the nutritional management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Guadalajara, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera Pivaral, C E; Gutiérrez Roman, E A; Gonzalez Pérez, G; Gonzalez Reyes, F; Valadez Toscano, F; Gutiérrez Ruvalcaba, C; Rios Riebeling, C D

    2008-02-01

    There are 180,000 new Diabetes Mellitus cases in Mexico each year (1). This chronic, complex and multifactor disease requires an adequate nutritional management plan to be prescribed by family physicians. They should be trained to identify the potential difficulties in the patient's dietary schedule and orientate their management from an integrative point of view. The purpose of this study was to detect and measure family physician's clinical aptitudes for the nutritional management of Type 2 diabetes, in a representative family physician's sample from five Family Medicine Units of the Mexican Institute of Social Security in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. A structured and validated instrument was applied to 117 physicians from a total of 450 in Guadalajara, Jalisco. The main study variable was clinical aptitude for nutritional management of Type 2 diabetes. Aptitude levels were defined by an ordinal scale and related to the other variables using the median, Mann-Whitney's U test and Kruskal Wallis (KW) test. Global results showed a median of 30 points that relates to a low and a very low aptitude level for the 72% of physicians without statistical significance (KW: p>0.05) with the rest of variables. These results reflect family physician's difficulties to orientate the nutritional management of Type 2 diabetes, as well as the lack of work environments that facilitate case reflection and formative educational strategies.

  7. Representación social que los adolescentes de Jalisco, México, tienen de la detección precoz del cáncer de mama

    OpenAIRE

    Amparo Tapia Curiel; Martha Villaseñor Farías; Bertha Lidia Nuño Gutiérrez; Aída Araceli Rodríguez Carlos; Efraín Salas González; José Luis López López,

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Mostrar la representación social que tienen de la detección precoz del cáncer de mama los adolescentes de Jalisco, México. Diseño: Cualitativo transversal, tipo analítico-interpretativo y fundamentado en la teoría de las representaciones sociales. Muestreo no probabilístico. Emplazamiento: Contacto con escuelas de nivel educativo básico de 7 municipios del Estado de Jalisco, México, a través de diversas instituciones gubernamentales y educativas. Participantes: Ciento trein...

  8. Hazard maps of Colima volcano, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Escudero Ayala, C. R.

    2011-12-01

    Colima volcano, also known as Volcan de Fuego (19° 30.696 N, 103° 37.026 W), is located on the border between the states of Jalisco and Colima and is the most active volcano in Mexico. Began its current eruptive process in February 1991, in February 10, 1999 the biggest explosion since 1913 occurred at the summit dome. The activity during the 2001-2005 period was the most intense, but did not exceed VEI 3. The activity resulted in the formation of domes and their destruction after explosive events. The explosions originated eruptive columns, reaching attitudes between 4,500 and 9,000 m.a.s.l., further pyroclastic flows reaching distances up to 3.5 km from the crater. During the explosive events ash emissions were generated in all directions reaching distances up to 100 km, slightly affected nearby villages as Tuxpan, Tonila, Zapotlán, Cuauhtemoc, Comala, Zapotitlan de Vadillo and Toliman. During the 2005 this volcano has had an intense effusive-explosive activity, similar to the one that took place during the period of 1890 through 1900. Intense pre-plinian eruption in January 20, 1913, generated little economic losses in the lower parts of the volcano due to low population density and low socio-economic activities at the time. Shows the updating of the volcanic hazard maps published in 2001, where we identify whit SPOT satellite imagery and Google Earth, change in the land use on the slope of volcano, the expansion of the agricultural frontier on the east and southeast sides of the Colima volcano, the population inhabiting the area is approximately 517,000 people, and growing at an annual rate of 4.77%, also the region that has shown an increased in the vulnerability for the development of economic activities, supported by the construction of highways, natural gas pipelines and electrical infrastructure that connect to the Port of Manzanillo to Guadalajara city. The update the hazard maps are: a) Exclusion areas and moderate hazard for explosive events

  9. 77 FR 74915 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ..., Zapopan, Jalisco C.P. 45054, Mexico; Calle Morelos No. 2223, Colonia Arcos Vallarta, Guadalajara, Jalisco..., Colonia Arcos Vallarta, Guadalajara, Jalisco C.P. 44130, Mexico; DOB 30 Aug 1949; POB Pericos,...

  10. El Real de Minas de Bolaños, Jalisco, en el siglo xviii : transformaciones territoriales y cambios sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Rubén Ruiz Medrano

    2014-01-01

    en el presente artículo se muestra la forma en que la minería desarrollada en Bolaños durante el siglo xviii cons - tituyó un poderoso incentivo para subordinar el territorio adyacente a nuevas lógicas comerciales, que lo transfor - maron y tuvieron efectos distintos en las comunidades indígenas situadas en las Fronteras de San Luis Colotlán, Jalisco. Un fenómeno multifactorial que ejerció presión directa sobre las identidades étnicas, al tiempo que desató conflictos sociales que se desplegar...

  11. Tectónica de placas y la Evolución del Bloque Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Stock, Joann M.

    1993-01-01

    El Bloque Jalisco representa lo que se reconoce como un bloque tectónico, o microplaca, mas o mer os rigido (Fig. 1a). Sabemos que se mueve de manera independiente con respecto a las placas circundantes (Rivera y Norte America) a traves de dos zonas de deformación continental (el rift o graben de Tepic-Zacoalco y el rift o graben de Colima) ya lo largo de una zona de subduccion en su límite costero con la placa oceanica de Rivera. Los rifts de Tepic-Zacoalco y de Co...

  12. Present-day kinematics of the Rivera plate and implications for tectonics in southwestern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demets, Charles; Stein, Seth

    1990-01-01

    A model for the present-day motion of the Rivera plate relative to the North America, Cocos, and Pacific plates is derived using new data from the Pacific-Rivera rise and Rivera transform fault, together with new estimates of Pacific-Rivera motions. The results are combined with the closure-consistent NUVEL-1 global plate motion model of DeMets et al. (1990) to examine present-day deformation in southwestern Mexico. The analysis addresses several questions raised in previous studies of the Rivera plate. Namely, do plate motion data from the northern East Pacific rise require a distinct Rivera plate? Do plate kinematic data require the subduction of the Rivera plate along the seismically quiescent Acapulco trench? If so, what does the predicted subduction rate imply about the earthquake recurrence interval in the Jalisco region of southwestern Mexico?

  13. Actualización del Atlas Bioclimático del estado de Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermes Ulises Ramírez Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta nueva versión del Atlas Bioclimático del estado de Jalisco, se hace una descripción más detallada de las condiciones climáticas por municipios del estado, ob- tenidas a partir de una metodología más actualizada y con una mayor base de datos meteorológicos, que en la versión anterior, realizada por Gómez Amador en SEMADES (2009. Se utilizaron los datos procesados de las Normales Clima- tológicas de 1971-2000 del Servicio Meteorologico Nacional (SMN de la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA. Los mapas fueron elaborados en el sistema de información geográfica (SIG ArcGis 9.3, con temporalidad mensual y anual. Se observa que en los meses de enero a mayo el bioclima predominante en la mayoría del estado es el seco extremoso, seguido del templado y frío, pero a partir del mes de junio el dominante cambia a cálido, seguido del templado. El mes de julio vuelve a cambiar predominando el templado, seguido de los cálidos, y agosto se caracteriza por tener bioclimas cálidos; posteriormente, de septiembre a octubre se vuelven a presentar los templados seguidos de los cálidos. Finalmente en noviembre y diciembre reaparece el seco extremoso como dominante y resurgen los templados y frío. En cuanto a la distribución anual, dado que los promedios equilibran los valores extremos, la mayoría del estado presenta bioclima templado.

  14. Acuacultura rural en la Costa Sur de Jalisco: caso de estudio

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    M. García-Ulloa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La acuicultura ha contribuido desde siempre a la mitigación de la pobreza en áreas rurales cuya subsistencia depende parcial o totalmente de actividades acuícolas, ya sea de extracción o producción. En base a dicho fundamento, se realizó un ciclo de cultivo de tilapia en jaulas en el embalse concesionado a la comunidad de Las Guásimas, Jalisco, para evaluar su potencial de producción y para establecer una alternativa laboral afín a la pesca tradicional que ahí se practica, bajo la supervisión in situ, del personal de un centro de investigación. Bajo condiciones de baja salinidad en el agua, se observó un adecuado crecimiento promedio de los animales (1.2 g/d sin presentar enfermedades. Los peces alcanzaron la talla mínima de venta (> 150 g en 81 días de cultivo, logrando un 90% de supervivencia final. Despuésde la cosecha y venta de todos los peces cultivados, se discuten aspectos de producción (densidad, costos, uso de organismos monosexo, etcétera, sociales (generación de empleos, inclusión de adolescentes y mujeres en el proceso de producción, entre otros y se identifican problemáticas operativas de diversa índole (limitantes del lugar, formalización en la participación de los miembros de la cooperativa, etcétera, ubicando el cultivo de tilapia en jaulas como una alternativa real y patente con necesidad de apoyo inmediato por parte de programas privados o gubernamentales integrales para mejorar la calidad de vida de comunidades rurales.

  15. Another Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Carlin

    2009-01-01

    A Mexican saying holds that "Como Mexico no hay dos"--There is only one Mexico. American media these days interpret that notion with a vengeance. Story after story depicts a country overrun by out-of-control drug wars and murder, where corrupt police officers trip over beheaded victims more often than they nab perpetrators. South of the border, a…

  16. Tsujal Marine Survey: Crustal Characterization of the Rivera Plate-Jalisco Block Boundary and its Implications for Seismic and Tsunami Hazard Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartolome, R.; Danobeitia, J.; Barba, D. C., Sr.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Cameselle, A. L.; Estrada, F.; Prada, M.; Bandy, W. L.

    2014-12-01

    During the spring of 2014, a team of Spanish and Mexican scientists explored the western margin of Mexico in the frame of the TSUJAL project. The two main objectives were to characterize the nature and structure of the lithosphere and to identify potential sources triggering earthquakes and tsunamis at the contact between Rivera plate-Jalisco block with the North American Plate. With these purposes a set of marine geophysical data were acquired aboard the RRS James Cook. This work is focus in the southern part of the TSUJAL survey, where we obtain seismic images from the oceanic domain up to the continental shelf. Thus, more than 800 km of MCS data, divided in 7 profiles, have been acquired with a 6km long streamer and using an air-gun sources ranging from 5800 c.i. to 3540 c.i. Furthermore, a wide-angle seismic profile of 190 km length was recorded in 16 OBS deployed perpendicular to the coast of Manzanillo. Gravity and magnetic, multibeam bathymetry and sub-bottom profiler data were recorded simultaneously with seismic data in the offshore area. Preliminary stacked MCS seismic sections reveal the crustal structure in the different domains of the Mexican margin. The contact between the Rivera and NA Plates is observed as a strong reflection at 6 s two way travel time (TWTT), in a parallel offshore profile (TS01), south of Manzanillo. This contact is also identified in a perpendicular profile, TS02, along a section of more than 100 km in length crossing the Rivera transform zone, and the plate boundary between Cocos and Rivera Plates. Northwards, offshore Pto. Vallarta, the MCS data reveals high amplitude reflections at around 7-8.5 s TWTT, roughly 2.5-3.5 s TWTT below the seafloor, that conspicuously define the subduction plane (TS06b). These strong reflections which we interpret as the Moho discontinuity define the starting bending of subduction of Rivera Plate. Another clear pattern observed within the first second of the MCS data shows evidences of a bottom

  17. Estimación de la exposición a fluoruros en Los Altos de Jalisco, México Estimation of exposure to fluoride in "Los Altos de Jalisco", México

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    Roberto Hurtado-Jiménez

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar la exposición a fluoruros y riesgos potenciales a la salud humana en Los Altos de Jalisco, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se midió electroquímicamente la concentración de fluoruros en 105 pozos y seis tomas de agua potable, en los Altos de Jalisco, de mayo a julio de 2002. Se estimó la dosis de exposición y la ingestión total de fluoruros para: bebés de 10 kg, niños de 20 kg y adultos de 70 kg. RESULTADOS: La concentración de fluoruros en las muestras de agua varió entre 0.1 y 17.7 mg/l. El 45% de las muestras excede el límite permitido por la normatividad (1.5 mg/l. La ingestión total y dosis de exposición a fluoruros estimados están en los rangos de 0.5-18.4 mg/d y 0.04-1.8 mg/kg/d, respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: Una parte importante de la población está expuesta a fluorosis dental, fluorosis esquelética y fracturas óseas. Para reducir los riesgos se debe evitar el consumo de sal fluorada, pastas dentales con flúor y agua potable cuya concentración de fluoruros sea mayor de 0.7 mg/l.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the level of fluoride exposure and human health risks in Los Altos de Jalisco (Jalisco State Heights region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted between May and July 2002. The fluoride concentrations of 105 water wells and six tap water samples were electrochemically measured. Exposure doses to fluoride and total intake of fluoride were estimated for babies (10 kg, children (20 kg, and adults (70 kg. RESULTS: The fluoride concentration of the water samples ranged from 0.1 to 17.7 mg/l. More than 45% of the water samples exceeded the national guideline value for fluoride of 1.5 mg/l. The estimated values of the exposure doses to fluoride and total intake of fluoride were in the range of 0.04-1.8 mg/kg/d and 0.5-18.4 mg/d, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and bone fractures are some of the potential health risks due to the intake of high doses of fluoride for the

  18. Migration, development and remittances in rural Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubenstein, H

    1992-06-01

    The argument is that remittances to Mexico from migrants in the US contribute to household prosperity and lessen the balance of payments problem. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the incentives and constraints to development and individual economic well-being in rural Mexico. Examination is made of the financial amount of remittances, the use of remittances, the impact on development of remittances, models of migration, and migration historically. The viewpoint is that migration satisfies labor needs in developed countries to the detriment of underdeveloped countries. $2 billion a year are sent by illegal migrants from the US to Mexico. This sum is 4 times the net earning of Mexico's tourist trade. 21.1% of the Mexican population depend in part on money sent from the US. 79% of illegal migrants remitted money to relatives in Jalisco state. 70% of migrant families receive $170/month. In Guadalupe, 73% of families depended on migrant income. In Villa Guerrero, 50% of households depended on migrant income. Migrant income supported 1 out of 5 households in Mexico. Money is usually spent of household subsistence items. Sometimes money is also spent on community religious festivals, marriage ceremonies, and education of children or improved living conditions. Examples are given of money being used for investment in land and livestock. Migration affects community solidarity, and comparative ethic, and the influence on others to migrate. Employment opportunities are not expanded and cottage and community industries are threatened. Land purchases did not result in land improvements. Migration models are deficient. There is a macro/micro dichotomy. The push-and-pull system is not controllable by individual migrants. The migration remittance model is a product of unequal development and a mechanism feeding migration. Mexican migration has occurred since the 1880's; seasonal migration was encouraged. There was coercion to return to Mexico after the

  19. Abundancia estacional, fenología reproductiva y fidelidad al sitio del mulato (Melanotis caerulescens en ambientes ribereños del suroeste de Jalisco Seasonal abundance, reproductive phenology and site fidelity in riparian environments of the Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens in southwestern Jalisco

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    Luz de los Milagros Rodríguez-Parga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio describe la abundancia estacional, fenología reproductiva y fidelidad al sitio de Melanotis caerulescens, especie de ave endémica de México, localmente conocida como mulato y valorada por su canto. Se realizó un muestreo con el método de captura con redes de niebla durante 2 años en 3 sitios de la vegetación ribereña del río Ayuquila, Jalisco. Se caracterizó el hábitat mediante muestreos de los estratos arbóreo, arbustivo y herbáceo. Mediante modelos lineales generalizados se analizaron las diferencias de cobertura de los estratos entre los sitios y se identificó el efecto del sitio y el mes sobre la abundancia de la especie. La presencia de parche de incubación y protuberancia cloacal describe un periodo reproductor de abril a agosto. La abundancia del mulato se relacionó positivamente con sitios de mayor cobertura arbustiva y el análisis de fidelidad (por presencia-ausencia de 16 individuos mostró que 3 parejas reproductoras mantuvieron sus territorios. Estos resultados sugieren que mantener una adecuada densidad de sotobosque arbustivo en zonas ribereñas es importante para proveer alimento y áreas para la nidificación que requiere el mulato. El presente estudio es relevante por tratarse de los primeros datos al respecto que se publican sobre esta especie endémica.This study describes the seasonal abundance, reproductive phenology and site fidelity of the Blue Mockingbird (Melanotis caerulescens, an endemic species of Mexico noted for its singing capabilities. This species was sampled using mist-nets for 2 consecutive years at 3 sites of riparian vegetation in the Ayuquila River, Jalisco. Habitat characterization was carried out through sampling strata of trees, shrubs, and herbaceous ground cover. We used Generalized Linear Models to analyze the differences in coverage strata between the sites, and to identify the effect of site and month on the abundance of the species. The presence of a brood patch and

  20. Prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro y yodo, y parasitosis en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México

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    Vásquez-Garibay Edgar Manuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estimar la prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis en niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej, Arandas, Jalisco, México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal efectuado entre 1997 y 1999 con 432 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad, de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se determinaron variables hematológicas, yodo en orina y presencia de parásitos. Se utilizaron las pruebas Ji cuadrada y t de Student en variables no paramétricas y paramétricas. Resultados. Hubo más anemia (20 vs 7.4% p=0.007 y deficiencia de hierro (60.9 vs 44.4% p=0.02 en prescolares que en escolares. El 29% presentaron deficiencia de yodo (10.5% moderada o grave y 47.2% parasitosis. Predominaron G. lamblia y E. histolytica. Bajo salario, sexo masculino y no tener seguridad social se asociaron con parasitosis. Conclusiones. La elevada prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro, yodo y parasitosis obliga al sector salud estatal a ejecutar medidas eficaces para abatir estas enfermedades prevenibles.

  1. The Seismic Alert System of Mexico (SASMEX): Performance and Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa Aranda, J.

    2013-05-01

    Originally the Seismic Alert System of Mexico (SASMEX) was proposed to integrate the Seismic Alert System of Mexico City (SAS), operating since 1991, with the Seismic Alert System of Oaxaca City (SASO), in services since 2003. And today, after the intense big earthquake activity observed in our world during 2010 and 2011, local governments of Mexico City, Oaxaca Estate, and the Mexican Ministry of the Interior have been promoting the expansion of this technological EEW development. Until 2012 SASMEX better coverage includes 48 new field seismic sensors (FS) deployed over the seismic region of Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan and Puebla, with someone enhancements over Guerrero and Oaxaca, to reach 97 FS. During 2013, 35 new FS has been proposed to SASMEX enhancements covering the Chiapas and Veracruz seismic regions. The SASMEX, with the support of the Mexico Valley Broadcasters Association (ARVM) since 1993, automatically issue Public and Preventive earthquake early warning signals in the Cities of Mexico, Toluca, Acapulco, Chilpancingo, and Oaxaca. The seismic warning range in each case is seated in accordance with local Civil Protection Authorities: Public Alert, if they expect strong earthquake effects, and Preventive Alert one, the effect could be moderated. Now the SASMEX warning time opportunity could be different to the 60 sec. average typically generated when SAS warned earthquake effects coming from Guerrero to Mexico City valley. Mexican EEW issued today reach: 16 Public and 62 Preventive Alert in Mexico City; 25 Public and 19 Preventive Alerts in Oaxaca City; also 14 Public and 4 Preventive Alerts in Acapulco; 14 Public and 5 Preventive Alerts in Chilpancingo. The earthquakes events registered by SASMEX FS until now reach 3448. With the support of private and Federal telecommunications infrastructure like, TELMEX, Federal Electric Commission, and the Mexican Security Ministry, it was developed a redundant communication system with pads to link the different

  2. Validación de un instrumento para vigilar la inseguridad alimentaria en la Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco Validation of an instrument to monitor food insecurity in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco

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    Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Validar una versión de la Escala de Seguridad Alimentaria (FSS en comunidades de la Sierra de Manatlán, Jalisco. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Usando grupos focales se modificó la FSS. Posteriormente se aplicó una encuesta a mujeres con niños preescolares. La FSS se validó correlacionándola con el inventario de alimentos del hogar y con la variedad de dieta de la entrevistada. La encuesta incluyó un cuestionario socio-económico. RESULTADOS: El 44% de los hogares indicaron inseguridad alimentaria leve, 33% hambre moderada y 19.7% hambre severa. La inseguridad alimentaria estuvo inversamente correlacionada con el inventario de alimentos (r=-0.36**, alimentos de origen animal (r=-0.28**, lácteos (r=-0.25**, alimentos procesados (r=-0.37**, frutas (r=-0.21* y verduras (r=-0.28**; *pOBJECTIVE: To validate a version of the Food Security Scale (FSS in communities located in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using focus groups, the FSS was modified to fit the Mexican context. Subsequently, a survey was applied to women with pre-school aged children. The FSS was validated in correlation with a household food inventory and the dietary variety of the individual being interviewed. The interview also included a socioeconomic questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-four percent of the households reported mild food insecurity, 33% reported moderate hunger and 19.7% reported severe hunger. Food insecurity was significantly and inversely correlated with the number of food items in the household (r=-0.36**, animal source foods (r=-0.28**, dairy products (r=-0.25*, processed foods (r=-0.37**, fruits (r=-0.21*, and vegetables (r=-0.28**; *p<0.05, **p< 0.01. Food insecurity was also associated with low dietary variety (r=-0.23, p=0.02. These associations were maintained in multivariate models. CONCLUSIONS: The FSS is a useful tool for monitoring food insecurity in rural regions of Jalisco.

  3. Evaluación de la exposición a selenio en Los Altos de Jalisco, México Evaluation of the exposure to selenium in Los Altos de Jalisco, México

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    Roberto Hurtado-Jiménez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar la exposición a selenio (Se vía agua potable en los habitantes de Los Altos de Jalisco. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se determinó la concentración de Se en 125 pozos y se estimaron los niveles de exposición a Se en bebés, niños y adultos. RESULTADOS: La dosis de exposición y la ingestión de Se vía agua potable variaron en los siguientes rangos: a bebés: 1.3-6.7 µg/kg/d y 12.6-67.2 µg/d; b niños: 0.8-4.5 µg/kg/d y 16.8-89.6 µg/d; c adultos: 0.6-3.0 µg/kg/d y 33.6-179.2 µg/d. CONCLUSIONES: En este caso, la exposición a Se representa un riesgo potencial para la salud de la población, ya que en la mayoría de los casos es mayor que la recomendada por organismos internacionales de salud. Sin embargo, no es tan alta como para esperar la ocurrencia de selenosis.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the exposure to selenium in drinking water in Los Altos de Jalisco (Jalisco State Heights. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentration of selenium was determined in 125 water wells, and the exposure doses to selenium were estimated for babies, children and adults. RESULTS: The estimated values of the exposure doses to selenium and total intake of selenium were in the following ranges, respectively: (a babies: 1.3-6.7 µg/kg/d and 12.6-67.2 µg/d; (b children: 0.8-4.5 µg/kg/d and 16.8-89.6 µg/d, (c adults: 0.6-3.0 µg/kg/d and 33.6-179.2 µg/d. CONCLUSIONS: The estimated exposure levels to selenium were higher than those recommended as optimum by international health organizations, representing a potential health risk. Nevertheless, estimated values are not high enough to produce selenosis.

  4. 77 FR 36041 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ..., Jalisco 45050, Mexico; Calle Quebec 606 B, Prados Providencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Calle Mango 2129, Colonia Paraisos del Colli, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Calle 3 De Mayo 16, Texcalame, Tequila..., Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico; Avenida Pablo Neruda 4341-E9, Colonia Villa Universitaria, Guadalajara,...

  5. Egade, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubany, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01

    Presents a business school design in Mexico, whose spiral building sits atop a parking structure creating a compact, symbolic form for an arid urban landscape. Includes seven photographs, a floor plan, and sectional drawing. (GR)

  6. PRESENCIA DE LA CERÁMICA SEUDO-CLOISONNÉ EN LA CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO Y ZACATECAS (Presence of the Pseudo-cloisonné Pottery in the Bolaños Culture, Jalisco and Zacatecas)

    OpenAIRE

    María Teresa Cabrero G.

    2012-01-01

    La cerámica seudo-cloisonné tuvo una amplia distribución en el mundo prehispánico mexicano a partir de 200 d. C. Se denominó así por la semejanza en la técnica decorativa con el verdadero cloisonné elaborado sobre metal. La presencia de esta técnica poscocción en la cultura Bolaños, ubicada en parte de los estados de Jalisco y Zacatecas, constituyó una prueba más del contacto comercial que existió con la cultura Chalchihuites (noroeste de Zacatecas); a la cual le llegó a través de la ruta de ...

  7. Geochemistry of fluids from submarine hot springs at Punta de Mita, Nayarit, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taran, Y. A.; Inguaggiato, S.; Marin, M.; Yurova, L. M.

    2002-06-01

    Thermal springs with a maximum measured temperature of 89°C discharge hot water and gas from a depth of 11 m, 400 m offshore of Punta Pantoque, located in the northern part of Bahı´a de Banderas, near Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. The composition of all water samples collected from the sea bottom is close to that of sea water. Nevertheless, it was possible to estimate the thermal endmember composition by extrapolating the sulfate concentration to zero. This endmember is similar in chemical composition both to waters of the Rio Purificacion and La Tuna thermal springs, located to the South along the Pacific coast of the Jalisco Block, and to pore waters from the deep-sea drilling cores from some accretionary complexes. Gas composition as well as isotopic composition of He and carbon from CO 2, CH 4 and C 2H 6 suggests an essentially thermo-biogenic origin for the gas and the presence of a high proportion of radiogenic, crustal helium. Isotopic composition of He in the Punta de Mita gas (0.4 Ra) is the lowest ever measured in Mexican hydrothermal gases. These findings do not support the idea that there exists a direct connection between the Punta de Mita springs and the last volcanic events which occurred in this area at ˜3 Ma. Rather, this hydrothermal activity is related to deep active faulting and the existence of a deep regional aquifer or local aquifers of connate waters underlying the granites of the Jalisco Block.

  8. Seamount subduction and related deformation and seismicity of the continental slope off Manzanillo, Mexico, as evidenced by multibeam data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandy, W. L.; Castillo Maldonado, M.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.

    2014-12-01

    The west coast of Mexico presents a complex pattern of deformation related to the convergence and subduction of the Rivera plate beneath the Jalisco Block/North American plate. Previous single beam bathymetric data have evidenced a large bathymetric high at 104.6218oW, 18.7123oN, in the continental slope region off Manzanillo, Mexico. One school of thought held that this high was the offshore extension of the onshore Manzanillo horst, although the two features are offset in a right-lateral sense. Alternatively, given the presence of a large positive magnetic anomaly near the bathymetric high, the high could also be caused by the collision and subsequent subduction of a large seamount. Given that the offset between the two structures was the main evidence for proposing the existence of a forearc sliver in the offshore area of the Jalisco margin, resolving the nature of this bathymetric high is quite important in our attempts to understand the plate kinematics and tectonics of this region. Thus, to better define the deformation pattern associated with the bathymetric high, multibeam bathymetric data (obtained using the Kongsberg EM300 multibeam system), subbottom profiles (obtained using the Kongsberg TOPAS18 system), and total field magnetic data (obtained using the Geometrics G877 marine proton precession magnetometer) were collected in the continental slope region between Manzanillo, Colima, and Chamela, Jalisco, during several cruises of UNAM´s research vessel the B.O. EL PUMA. The morphology and structural deformation patterns obtained in this study indicate very clearly that a large seamount is in the process of subducting beneath the continental slope off Manzanillo. The results also indicate that not only has the seamount uplifted the slope but has resulted in slumping of the area of the slope landward of the seamount. Given these results the proposal of the existence of an independent forearc sliver in the offshore area of the southern Jalisco block needs

  9. Mallas de valor global en la agricultura de hortalizas en México. El caso de Sayula, Jalisco

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    Alejandro Macías Macías

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde mediados de la década de 1980, el cultivo de jitomate, brócoli y otras hortalizas ha cobrado importancia en Sayula, Jalisco. Este tipo de actividad se enmarca en mallas de valor en las que existen dinámicas extraterritoriales evidentes, como la provisión de insumos, factores de producción (incluida la mano de obra, comercialización y consumo, cuya labor central se ubica en otros territorios. Ahora bien, dentro de estas mallas de valor existen formas de organización diversas de la relación entre agricultores y compradores, de acuerdo con las características del producto, de los mercados y actores involucrados. Esto genera una diversidad de estructuras de gobierno, estudiadas en este trabajo, para así entender tanto los beneficios que le generan al agricultor, como las limitaciones que éste enfrenta ante tales relaciones.

  10. La cultura tiene permiso. XEJB y la política cultural del Estado de Jalisco 1941-1992.

    OpenAIRE

    RAMÍREZ SOLÍS Edgar Rogelio

    1993-01-01

    Investigación que parte de la identificación de la política cultural en Jalisco y su relación con el desarrollo y utilización de la emisora estatal XEJB, para conocer el papel de los medios de difusión en los planes sobre educación y cultura del Gobierno de la República. Para ello, se realizó la reconstrucción del desarrollo de la estación XEJB de 1941 a 1992, mediante una perspectiva historiográfica. Primeramente, se ubicó a la estación dentro del desarrollo nacional del medio paralelo a un ...

  11. Prevalence of Successful Aging in the Elderly in Western Mexico

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    Elva Dolores Arias-Merino

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. The aim of this paper is to estimate the prevalence of successful aging in the elderly in Western Mexico and to analyze its variability by age, sex, education, marital status, and pension. Methods. This study employs data from the Health, Wellbeing, and Aging Study (SABE in Jalisco and Colima, Mexico. Successful aging was operationalized in accordance with no important disease, no disability, physical functioning, cognitive functioning, and being actively. There were a total of 3116 elderly. Results. 12.6% of older adults were “successful” aging. The old-old is a lower proportion of successful aging people; it ranges from 18.9% among people aged 60–69 years to 3.9% in the 80–89 years and up to 1% in people 90 and older. There were also differences according to sex (P=.000, with a higher proportion of successful aging men (18.4% compared with 9.2% of women. There were differences in educational level (P=.000; those higher with education were found to be more successful aging, and also there were differences in marital status for married people (P=.000. Discussion. A small number of older adults meet the criteria definition of successful aging, suggesting the need to analyze in depth the concept and the indicators.

  12. Scutellaria cuevasiana and Scutellaria sublitoralis (Lamiaceae, two new species from Jalisco and Nayarit, Mexico Scutellaria cuevasiana y Scutellaria sublitoralis (Lamiaceae, dos especies nuevas de Jalisco y Nayarit, México

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    Jesús Guadalupe González-Gallegos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Scutellaria cuevasiana J. G. González et A. Vázquez and Scutellaria sublitoralis J. G. González are described and illustrated. Scutellaria cuevasiana fits best within section Uliginosae (Epling Epling. It is morphologically close to S. blepharophylla Epling, S. rosei Fernald and S. seleriana Loes. It differs from them by its magenta corollas, small and sessile floral bracts, longer petioles and bigger leaves. Scutellaria sublitoralis does not manifest any clear morphological affinity with species of the sections enumerated by Epling. It could be related to species in sections Pallidiflorae Epling or Uliginosae, particularly with the "Scutellaria ovata" or "Scutellaria caerulea" species groups defined by Paton. It is morphologically similar to S. pallidiflora Epling; however, it can be recognized by wider leaves with usually cordate to subcordate bases, persistent floral bracts, floral axis and calyces without glandular-capitate hairs, longer corollas, and narrower toward the throat.Se describen e ilustran Scutellaria cuevasiana J. G. González et A. Vázquez y Scutellaria sublitoralis J. G. González. Scutellaria cuevasiana se ajusta mejor a la sección Uliginosae (Epling Epling; es cercana en su morfología a S. blepharophylla Epling, S. rosei Fernald y S. seleriana Loes. Difiere de las mismas debido a sus corolas magenta, brácteas florales más pequeñas y sésiles, peciolos más largos y hojas más grandes. Scutellaria sublitoralis no muestra una clara afinidad con las especies de las secciones establecidas por Epling; podría estar relacionada con las especies de las secciones Pallidiflorae Epling o Uliginosae, particularmente con los grupos de especies de "Scutellaria ovata" y "Scutellaria caerulea" definidos por Paton. Es morfológicamente similar a S. pallidiflora Epling; sin embargo, puede reconocerse por sus hojas más anchas con bases por lo usual cordadas a subcordadas, brácteas florales persistentes, eje floral y cálices sin tricomas capitado-glandulares, corolas más largas, y estrechas hacia el ápice.

  13. Mexico's Oxbridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haussman, Fay

    1979-01-01

    For 400 years the National Autonomous University of Mexico has remained at the hub of the country's intellectual and political life. The history of the University from the Mayas and the Aztecs, University expansion, upward mobility of students, and student pressure groups and politics are described. (MLW)

  14. Mexico - PROGRESA

    OpenAIRE

    IFPRI

    2002-01-01

    For many of the world's poor, public safety-net programs are the only hope for a life free from chronic poverty and undernutrition. But the proper combination of incentives and support can be difficult to achieve. The International Food Policy Research Institute's in-depth evaluation of Mexico's PROGRESA (Programa de Educación, Salud y Alimentación) indicates that antipoverty programs that combine education, health, and nutrition interventions in one package can be quite successful in improvi...

  15. HLA-A and HLA-B allele frequencies in a mestizo population from Guadalajara, Mexico, determined by sequence-based typing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, C A; Mendoza-Carrera, F; Rivas, F; Rodriguez-Reynoso, S; Portilla-de Buen, E

    2005-12-01

    HLA-A and HLA-B genes were typed by DNA sequencing in a mestizo population from Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Thirty-seven HLA-A and 51 HLA-B alleles were observed in 103 samples. The common typical Amerindian alleles (>5%) and haplotypes (>or=2.0%) found were A*02010101, *24020101, *310102, B*350101, and *4002, and A*310102-B*4002, A*240201-B*350101, and the typical European alleles were A*010101, *29010101, B*1402, B*180101, and A*020101-B*1402, A*020101-B*510101, and A*3002-B*180101. This reflects the blending of the two main parental populations of mestizos: Amerindian and Iberian. Mexicans were found to be relatively closer to the Portuguese than to Spaniards. This proximity may indicate a larger Portuguese influence in Mexicans than previously considered. Present data contribute to the understanding of the genetic structure in Mexico.

  16. Role of two Triatoma (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) species in the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) to man in the west coast of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Ibarra, J A; Bárcenas-Ortega, N M; Nogueda-Torres, B; Alejandre-Aguilar, R; Lino Rodríguez, M; Magallón-Gastélum, E; López-Martínez, V; Romero-Nápoles, J

    2001-02-01

    From August 1997 to August 1998, 334 specimens of Triatoma longipennis and 62 of T. picturata were collected in four groups of localities placed in the zone from Guadalajara, Jalisco to Tepic, Nayarit, in the West Coast of Mexico. Most T. longipennis were collected outdoors (69.2%) while most T. picturata (58.1%) were collected indoors. All collected specimens were examined for Trypanosoma cruzi infection, which was detected on 98 (29.3%) T. longipennis and 17 (27.4%) T. picturata. This study confirms the role of T. longipennis and T. picturata as some of the main T. cruzi vectors to humans in Mexico. Habitation Infestation Rate with T. longipennis was of 0.09 and with T. picturata was of 0.03 and the predominating ecotopes were pile of blocks, chicken coops, pigsties, wall crawls and beds.

  17. Role of two Triatoma (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae species in the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae to man in the West Coast of Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alejandro Martínez-Ibarra

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available From August 1997 to August 1998, 334 specimens of Triatoma longipennis and 62 of T. picturata were collected in four groups of localities placed in the zone from Guadalajara, Jalisco to Tepic, Nayarit, in the West Coast of Mexico. Most T. longipennis were collected outdoors (69.2% while most T. picturata (58.1% were collected indoors. All collected specimens were examined for Trypanosoma cruzi infection, which was detected on 98 (29.3% T. longipennis and 17 (27.4% T. picturata. This study confirms the role of T. longipennis and T. picturata as some of the main T. cruzi vectors to humans in Mexico. Habitation Infestation Rate with T. longipennis was of 0.09 and with T. picturata was of 0.03 and the predominating ecotopes were pile of blocks, chicken coops, pigsties, wall crawls and beds.

  18. Mexico joins the venture: Joint Implementation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imaz, M.; Gay, C.; Friedmann, R.; Goldberg, B.

    1998-11-01

    Joint Implementation (JI) and its pilot phase of Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) are envisioned as an economic way of reducing global emissions of greenhouse gases. This paper draws upon the Mexican experience with AIJ to identify Mexican concerns with AIJ/JI and proposed solutions to these. Three approved Mexican AIJ projects (Ilumex, Scolel Te, and Salicornia) are described in detail. The Ilurnex project promotes the use of compact fluorescent lamps in Mexican homes of the States of Jalisco and Nuevo Leon, to reduce electric demand. Scolel Te is a sustainable forest management project in Chiapas. Salicornia examines the potential for carbon sequestration with a Halophyte-based crop irrigated with saline waters in Sonora. These three projects are reviewed to clarify the issues and concerns that Mexico has with AIJ and JI and propose measures to deal with them. These initial Mexican AIJ projects show that there is a need for creation of standard project evaluation procedures, and criteria and institutions to oversee project design, selection, and implementation. Further JI development will be facilitated by national and international clarification of key issues such as additionality criteria, carbon-credit sharing, and valuation of non-GHG environmental and/or social benefits and impacts for AIJ projects. Mexico is concerned that JI funding could negatively impact official development assistance or that OECD countries will use JI to avoid taking significant GHG mitigation actions in their own countries. The lack of carbon credit trading in the AIJ stage must be removed to provide useful experience on how to share carbon credits. National or international guidelines are needed to ensure that a portion of the carbon credits is allocated to Mexico.

  19. Geothermal Fields on the Volcanic Axis of Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercado, S.; Gonzalez, A.

    1980-12-16

    At present in Mexico, geothermal energy is receiving a great impulse due to the excellent results obtained in the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, in which a geothermoelectric plant is operated. This plant has four units of 37.5 MW each, with a total capacity of 150 MW, and under program 470 MW more by 1984. The Government Institution, Comisi6n Federal de Electricidad, is in charge of the exploration and exploitation of geothermal fields as well as construction and operation of power plants in Mexico. By this time CFE has an extensive program of exploration in the central part of Mexico, in the Eje Neovolcdnico. In this area, several fields with hydrothermal alteration are under exploration, like the Michoac6n geothermal area, where Los Azufres geothermal field is being developed. Seventeen wells have been drilled and twelve of them presented excellent results, including two dry steam wells. In other areas, such as Arar6, Cuitzeo, San Agustln del Maiz,Ixtldn de Los Hervores and Los Negritos, geological, geophysical and geochemical explorations have been accomplished, including shallow well drilling with good results. Another main geothermal area is in the State of Jalisco with an extension of 5,000 m2, where La Primavera geothermal field shows a lot of volcanic domes and has an intensive hydrothermal activity. Deep wells have been drilled, one of them with a bottom temperature of 29OOC. Other fields in this area, like San Narcos, Hervores de La Vega, La Soledad, Villa Corona, etc., have a good geothermal potential. A new geothermal area has been explored recently in the eastern part of the country named Los Humeros, Puebla. In this area studies are being made and there are plans for well drilling exploration by the beginning of 1981. Like this one, there are many other areas in the country in which 300 hydrothermal alteration zones are been classified and 100 of them are considered economically exploitable.

  20. Vegetation cover change detection in Chamela-Cuixamala, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    De la Barreda Bautista, Betsabé; López-Caloca, Alejandra A.

    2009-09-01

    In Mexico, and everywhere else, the ecosystems are constantly changing either by natural factors or anthropogenic activity. Remote sensing has been a key tool to monitoring these changes throughout history and also to understanding the ecological dynamics. Hence, sustainable development plans have been created in order to improve the decisionmaking process; thus, this paper analyses deforestation impact in a very important natural resourcing area in Mexico, considering land cover changes. The study area is located in the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where deforestation and fragmentation as well as high speed touristic development have been the causes of enormous biodiversity losses; the Chamela-Cuixamala Biosphere Reserve is located within this area. It has great species richness and vast endemism. The exploitation of this biome is widespread all over the country and it has already had an impact in the reserve. The change detection multi-temporal study uses Landsat satellite imagery during the 1970-2003 time period. Thus, the objective of change detection analysis is to detect and localize environmental changes through time. The change detection method consists in producing an image of change likelihood (by post-classification, multivariate alteration detection) and thresholding it in order to produce the change map. Experimental results confirmed that the patterns of land use and land cover changes have increased significantly over the last decade. This study also analyzes the deforestation impact on biodiversity. The analysis validation was carried out using field and statistic data. Spatial-temporal changing range enables the analysis of the structural and dynamic effects on the ecosystem and it enhances better decision-making and public environmental policies to decrease or eliminate deforestation, the creation of natural protected areas as a biodiversity conservation method, and counteracting the global warming phenomena.

  1. APLICACIÓN DEL MÉTODO SERVQUAL EN LOS SERVICIOS DE ALUMBRADO PÚBLICO DE ZAPOPAN, JALISCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Joel Torres Arreola

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO
    Considerando que el uso de los Sistemas de Calidad en el sector público Mexicano se encuentra en un proceso inicial, este estudio revisa solo un aspecto de la implementación de los Sistemas de Calidad. En este caso, el Sistema de Calidad esta identificado como la certificación de las normas de calidad de la Organización Internacional de Estandarización (ISO, en inglés. El objetivo de esta investigación es medir a través del modelo SERVQUAL el grado en que el personal de la Dirección de Alumbrado Público de Zapopan (D. A. P. Z, Estado de Jalisco, ha asumido una filosofía de calidad con respecto a los servicios que ofrecen a través de su estructura organizacional, tratándose en este caso de una investigación aplicada. Es importante considerar que esta área tiene tres años de haber implementado un sistema de calidad como lo es la certificación ISO 9002.

  2. Seed production and quality of maize in High Valleys of Mexico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Virgen-Vargas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to increase the productivity of maize in High Valleys of Mexico, at the Valley of México and Bajio Experimental Stations of the National Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock Research (INIFAP. The following activities were carried out: production of registered seed to strengthen seed micro- enterprises of national capital, quality evaluation of certified seed, and generation of production technology. Between 2005 and 2013, 46.71 tons of registered seed of the hybrids parents: H-40, H-48, H-50, H-52, H-66, H-70 and H-161, and the varieties: VS-22, V-54A and V-55A were produced and sold to 31 seed producers in the Estado de Mexico, Tlaxcala, Puebla, Hidalgo, Morelos, Guanajuato, Michoacan, and Jalisco; that satisfied 60 % of demand per year (8.68 t. In 2013 and 2014, agreements were signed between INIFAP and four micro-enterprises to produce registered seeds. The certified seed produced by companies reached certification standards, germination percentage ≥ 85, 98% pure seed and less than 2% inert matter; test weight between 72 and 78 kg/hl, thousand seed weight between 288 and 361 g and genetic quality between 96 and 98 % of the true type plants. The study identified information about locations, potential yields, population density, and planting dates for the production of parents, lines and single crosses, in the Estado de Mexico and Tlaxcala.

  3. Mecanismos para la asignación de los recursos financieros a partir de la descentralización en el estado de Jalisco Mechanisms for allocating financial resources after decentralization in the State of Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Pérez-Núñez

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar, a partir de la perspectiva de los tomadores de decisiones, el proceso de asignación de los recursos financieros en los servicios de salud del estado de Jalisco (SSJ, México, en el contexto de la descentralización. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Mediante una aproximación cualitativa, con entrevistas semiestructuradas a informantes clave de puestos directivos como técnica de levantamiento de información, se documentó, a través del análisis del discurso de los informantes, la experiencia de los SSJ en materia de asignación de recursos financieros. De septiembre a noviembre de 2003, se exploró la percepción de directivos y administradores sobre el grado de autonomía que tienen en la toma de decisiones y el proceso que se sigue en la asignación de los recursos financieros, para identificar los criterios que se utilizan y sus justificaciones. RESULTADOS: Desde el punto de vista de los tomadores de decisiones, a partir de la descentralización se ha incrementado la autonomía de los SSJ, aunque el grado de decisión permanece limitado debido, principalmente, al gran gasto administrativo asociado a nómina. En este sentido, las implicaciones imputables a las condiciones laborales aún no descentralizadas son todavía evidentes. En los SSJ se han establecido sistemas propios e innovadores para la asignación de los recursos financieros por regiones sanitarias y hospitales, con base en incentivos administrativo-gerenciales y en productividad, asimismo realizando ajustes por grado de marginación y rezago poblacional, bajo el criterio de equidad. CONCLUSIONES: Las condiciones generales de trabajo y el poder de decisión asignado a las regiones sanitarias constituyen un aspecto pendiente de descentralizar. Si bien la descentralización ha otorgado mayor autonomía a los SSJ, el nivel de decisión para la asignación de recursos financieros se ha concentrado en los niveles jerárquicos más altos.OBJECTIVE: To analyze, from the

  4. Mexico: prospects for democracy

    OpenAIRE

    Norton, Yvonne D.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze why Mexico has failed to democratize and offer recommendations for U.S. policy towards Mexico. The thesis examines the impact of three casual variables on the level of democracy in Mexico: civilian control of the military, the fairness of Mexico's political party system, and U.S. foreign policy towards Mexico. NA U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author

  5. La calidad de vida en adultos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en centros de salud de Guadalajara, Jalisco (México)

    OpenAIRE

    José G Salazar Estrada; Ana María Gutiérrez Strauss; Carolina Aranda Beltrán; Raquel González Baltazar; Manuel Pando Moreno

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Evaluar la percepción de Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud (CVRS) de Objetivos: Evaluar la relación de la diabetes sobre la calidad de vida, utilizando el cuestionario Diabetes 39 en pacientes diagnosticados como diabéticos que acuden a visita ambulatoria a centros de salud. Materiales y métodos: Con un diseño transversal en una muestra no probabilística determinada por un periodo de tiempo en cuatro centros de salud de la Secretaría de Salud Jalisco (SSJ) en la Zona Metropol...

  6. Capacidades del capital humano para la innovación tecnológica en pequeñas empresas de Jalisco, México.

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Javier Ramírez Ruiz

    2013-01-01

    El precario desarrollo tecnológico de las pequeñas empresas en México no les permite ser más eficientes y productivas. Esta situacion implica que invierten muy poco o nada en innovación tencológica, que es un elemento esencial para la supervivencia en los agresivos mercados mundiales, cuyas preferencias cambian constantemente. Un estudio realizado en Jalisco identificó que uno de los principales inhibidores de la innovación es la falta de capacidades del capital humano. Esta investigación bus...

  7. La cobertura informativa de la violencia de género en medios impresos de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. El caso de Imelda Virgen

    OpenAIRE

    Ulloa Luna, José Luis; Spiller, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    El feminicidio es un tema que en el periodismo requiere de investigación exhaustiva y precisión de datos para informar a la sociedad de manera objetiva, sin amarillismo, sensacionalismo o culpabilización de las mujeres. Así como de capacitación y actualización de los periodistas por parte de autoridades, colectivos u académicos para no obviar los asuntos de género en cobertura y tratamiento informativo. El caso de Imelda Virgen y el incremento de violencia de género en el estado de Jalisco, M...

  8. La prematurez y sus repercusiones en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Ramos Alfredo; Martínez Ramírez Armando; Morales Fernández Armando; Valdez López Rosa María

    1998-01-01

    El presente estudio tiene por objetivo conocer las repercusiones de la prematurez en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, para lo cual se hace un seguimiento de niños nacidos en hospitales de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, de los más representativos del Sistema de Atención Médica en México. Estos niños fueron seguidos con evaluaciones semestrales, tanto en lo que se refiere al estado nutricional (crecimiento), como al desarrollo (Prueba Selectiva de Denver). El anális...

  9. PATRONES ESTACIONALES DE UTILIZACIÓN DE RECURSOS FLORALES POR SCAPTOTRIGONA HELLWEGERI EN LA ESTACIÓN DE BIOLOGÍA CHAMELA, JALISCO, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    David Leonor Quiroz-García; María de la Luz Arreguín-Sánchez; Rafael Fernández-Nava; Enrique Martínez-Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Se estudia la utilización de los recursos florales por Scaptotrigona hellwegeri en dos comunidades vegetales de la Estación de Biología Chamela, Jalisco. Se estudiaron 69 muestras de polen de tres colonias de abejas sociales situadas en comunidades vegetales diferentes durante un año. Se identificaron y cuantificaron 165 tipos polínicos, siendo los recursos más importantes (con representación de más del 10%) los provenientes de 16 taxa de plantas a mencionar: Apoplanesia paniculata, Astronium...

  10. Aves acuáticas de la Laguna de Agua Dulce y el Estero El Ermitaño, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Hernández Vázquez

    2005-01-01

    Se analizó la presencia y número de aves acuáticas, así como la distribución estacional y espacial de los diferentes grupos en la laguna de Agua Dulce y el estero El Ermitaño, Jalisco, México, entre diciembre de 1997 a noviembre de 1998. Considerando únicamente el mes de máxima abundancia de cada especie hubo 86 471 aves en ambos humedales (29 686 en Agua Dulce y 56 785 en El ermitaño), y una abundancia acumulada (suma de las abundancias mensuales) de 179 808 aves (66 976 en Agua Dulce y 112 ...

  11. Fluorosis dental en niños y fluor en el agua de consumo humano. Mexticacán, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa de Jesús Pérez Patiño; Rosa Leticia Scherman Leaño; René Juan Hernández Gutiérrez; Genoveva Rizo Curiel; Martha Patricia Hernández Guerrero

    2007-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de fluorosis dental en los niños de 6 a 12 años y su relación con la concentración de flúor en agua para consumo humano de Mexticacán, Jalisco. Material y métodos: Estudio Ecológico Exploratorio. Se estudiaron 355 niños para diagnosticar fluorosis dental. Se determinaron las concentraciones de flúor en las fuentes de agua de consumo de la población, por espectrofotometría SPADN utilizando las Normas Oficiales Mexicanas (NMX-AA-077 y NOM127, NOM041) Resultad...

  12. APORTES DE NITRÓGENO Y FÓSFORO DE TRES SISTEMAS AGRÍCOLAS DE LA CUENCA HIDROGRÁFICA "EL JIHUITE", EN JALISCO, MÉXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo E. Flores-López; Rogelio Carrillo-González; Nestor Francisco-Nicolás; Claudia Hidalgo-Moreno; José A. Ruíz-Corral; Aldo A. Casteñeda-Villanueva; Raymundo Velazco-Nuño

    2009-01-01

    La cuenca hidrográfica El Jihuite tiene como embalse a la presa del mismo nombre, reservorio de agua usado para la población de Tepatitlán, en Jalisco, México. Sin embargo, se ha identificado el problema de eutrofización del agua de la presa y como factor limitante al fósforo, pero se desconocen los procesos en los terrenos con uso agropecuario donde se origina el enriquecimiento de este nutrimento en dicho embalse. Se evaluó la pérdida de nitrógeno y fósforo generada por los cultivos de maíz...

  13. Análisis multicriterio del impacto potencial del turismo en la anidación de las tortugas marinas en Chalacatepec, Jalisco

    OpenAIRE

    Y. Flores-Monter; F. Aceves-Quesada; García-Romero, A.; E.M. Peters Recagno

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: El litoral mexicano presenta hábitats aptos para la reproducción, refugio y crianza de tortugas marinas. Sin embargo, en la costa Chalacatepec, Jalisco, esta aptitud puede estar amenazada por el Proyecto Desarrollo Vistas (PDV), un complejo turístico mixto: hotelero, residencial, comercial y deportivo. El objetivo de la presente investigación, es evaluar el impacto potencial del turismo sobre la anidación de tortugas en dos etapas: a) Preparación y construcción y b) Operación y ...

  14. Éxito de eclosión del cocodrilo americano (Crocodylus acutus) y la tortuga golfina (Lepidochelys olivacea) en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Germán Cupul-Magaña; Oscar Saúl Aranda-Mena

    2005-01-01

    Se presentan resultados históricos del éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina (2001- 2004) y para el cocodrilo americano (2004-2005) en la región costera de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Se destaca un aumento en el éxito de eclosión para la tortuga golfina a la largo del período observado, producto posiblemente de las campañas de protección. Por otro lado, el estero Boca Negra es considerado como una zona importante para la reproducción del cocodrilo americano.

  15. Soil erosion determination using the Cs-137 concentration in the soil profile, in a rain fall seasonal ecosystem of Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The soils erosion is one of the main processes of environmental degradation. Latin America presents high levels of erosion however the works that quantificate this problem are few. The application of methods agreed to the tropical countries conditions represents an important limitation in the developing of these works. A methodological option that has arisen in the last years is the application of the distribution analysis of Cs-137 concentration in the soil profile, for estimating the soil motion in a seasonal tropical ecosystem in Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico. The low concentrations of Cs-137 were determined with a gamma spectroscopy system of high resolution and low noise. It is confirmed that the redistribution of Cs-137 in the landscape depends on erosive processes. The conclusion is that in the interpretation of Cs-137 levels it is necessary to incorporate morphology analysis of declivity since this is a low scale measurement. (Author)

  16. Collapse of the northern Jalisco continental slope:Subduction erosion, forearc slivering, or subduction beneath the Tres Marias escarpment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandy, W. L.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.; Ortiz-Zamora, G.; Ortega-Ramirez, J.; Galindo Dominguez, R. E.; Ponce-Núñez, F.; Pérez-Calderón, D.; Rufino-Contreras, I.; Valle-Hernández, S.; Pérez-González, E.

    2010-12-01

    The Jalisco subduction zone exhibits several interesting characteristics. Among these is that convergence between the Rivera and North American plate is highly oblique, especially north of 20N, the obliquity progressively increasing to the NW. By analogy to other better studied subduction zones, this distribution of forces should produce a NW-SE extension in the overriding plate, especially north of 20N. This has led to the proposal that the trench perpendicular Bahia de Banderas is an expression of this extension [Kostoglodov and Bandy, JGR, vol. 100, 1995]. To further investigate this proposal, multibeam bathymetric data and seafloor backscatter images, seismic reflection sub-bottom profiles and marine magnetic data were collected during the MORTIC08 campaign of the B.O. EL PUMA in March 2009. The bathymetric data provides for 100% coverage (20 to 200 meter spacing of the actual measured depth value depending on the water depth) of the continental slope and trench areas north of 20N. These data indicate that a marked change occurs in the morphology of the continental slope at 20N. To the north the slope consists of a broad, fairly flat plain lying between a steep lower inner trench slope to the west and a steep, concave seaward, escarpment to the east. In contrast, to the south the continental slope exhibits a more gradual deepening until the steep lower inner trench slope. A prominent submarine canyon deeply incises the continental slope between these two morphotectonic domains. This canyon appears to represent the boundary between two NW-SE diverging forearc blocks or slivers, consistent with the presence of oblique convergence. In contrast, the broad, fairly flat plain is better explained by subsidence induced by subduction erosion (i.e. erosion of the base of the overriding plate underneath the continental slope area). The shoaling of the trench axis northward towards the Puerto Vallarta Graben and subsequent deepening may be related to subduction of the

  17. Jaguar taxonomy and genetic diversity for southern Arizona, United States, and Sonora, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culver, Melanie; Hein, Alexander Ochoa

    2016-06-28

    Executive SummaryThe jaguar is the largest Neotropical felid and the only extant representative of the genus Panthera in the Americas. In recorded history, the jaguars range has extended from the Southern United States, throughout Mexico, to Central and South America, and they occupy a wide variety of habitats. A previous jaguar genetic study found high historical levels of gene flow among jaguar populations over broad areas but did not include any samples of jaguar from the States of Arizona, United States, or Sonora, Mexico. Arizona and Sonora have been part of the historical distribution of jaguars; however, poaching and habitat fragmentation have limited their distribution until they were declared extinct in the United States and endangered in Sonora. Therefore, a need was apparent to have this northernmost (Arizona/Sonora) jaguar population included in an overall jaguar molecular taxonomy and genetic diversity analyses. In this study, we used molecular genetic markers to examine diversity and taxonomy for jaguars in the Northwestern Jaguar Recovery Unit (NJRU; Sonora, Sinaloa, and Jalisco, Mexico; and southern Arizona and New Mexico, United States) relative to jaguars in other parts of the jaguar range (Central and South America). The objectives of this study were to:Collect opportunistic jaguar samples (hide, blood, hair, saliva, and scat), from historical and current individuals, that originated in NJRU areas of Arizona, New Mexico, and Sonora;Use these samples to assess molecular taxonomy of NJRU jaguars compared to data from a previous study of jaguars rangewide; andDevelop suggestions for conservation of NJRU jaguars based on the results.

  18. Jaguar taxonomy and genetic diversity for southern Arizona, United States, and Sonora, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culver, Melanie; Hein, Alexander Ochoa

    2016-01-01

    Executive SummaryThe jaguar is the largest Neotropical felid and the only extant representative of the genus Panthera in the Americas. In recorded history, the jaguars range has extended from the Southern United States, throughout Mexico, to Central and South America, and they occupy a wide variety of habitats. A previous jaguar genetic study found high historical levels of gene flow among jaguar populations over broad areas but did not include any samples of jaguar from the States of Arizona, United States, or Sonora, Mexico. Arizona and Sonora have been part of the historical distribution of jaguars; however, poaching and habitat fragmentation have limited their distribution until they were declared extinct in the United States and endangered in Sonora. Therefore, a need was apparent to have this northernmost (Arizona/Sonora) jaguar population included in an overall jaguar molecular taxonomy and genetic diversity analyses. In this study, we used molecular genetic markers to examine diversity and taxonomy for jaguars in the Northwestern Jaguar Recovery Unit (NJRU; Sonora, Sinaloa, and Jalisco, Mexico; and southern Arizona and New Mexico, United States) relative to jaguars in other parts of the jaguar range (Central and South America). The objectives of this study were to:Collect opportunistic jaguar samples (hide, blood, hair, saliva, and scat), from historical and current individuals, that originated in NJRU areas of Arizona, New Mexico, and Sonora;Use these samples to assess molecular taxonomy of NJRU jaguars compared to data from a previous study of jaguars rangewide; andDevelop suggestions for conservation of NJRU jaguars based on the results.

  19. A Comparative Fieldwork Experience in Spain and Mexico Or, Cultural Ecology Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomé Martín, Pedro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to frequent statements in the literature since the 19th century, the use of the comparative method in anthropology has been more apparent, or programmatic, than real. Worth mentioning exceptions in both Spanish anthropology and the anthropology of the Americas are studies by J. M. Arguedas, G. Foster, M. Gutierrez Estevez and C. Gimenez. Exceptions such as these confirm the rule. The author came across this methodological paradox while doing research with Mexican anthropologist Andres Fabregas Puig for a project of comparative cultural ecology in the Jalisco highlands of Mexico and the Avila mountain range of Spain. The comparison between the two areas, as well as the reciprocal reflections of both ethnographers while carrying out the project, revealed unexpected findings and differences —and other surprises— in what otherwise seemed two similar cultural ecologies.

    Contrariamente a lo que se suele leer en la bibliografía desde el siglo XIX, el recurso al método comparativo en antropología ha sido más aparente, o programático, que real. Notables excepciones en la antropología española y americana han sido estudios de J. M. Arguedas, G. Foster, M. Gutiérrez Estévez y C. Giménez. Pero excepciones como éstas confirman la regla. El autor descubrió esta paradoja metodológica mientras realizaba, junto con el mexicano Andrés Fábregas Puig, un estudio de ecología cultural comparada entre los Altos de Jalisco, en México, y la Sierra de Ávila, en España. La comparación, acompañada de reflexión recíproca entre los dos etnógrafos, reveló novedades y diferencias imprevistas —y otras sorpresas— entre ambas regiones, en principio muy parecidas.

  20. Seven new species of Allorhogas (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae from Mexico Siete especies nuevas de Allorhogas (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Martínez

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Seven new Mexican species of the gall associated doryctine genus Allorhogas are described, illustrated and molecularly characterized: A. amuzgo sp. nov., A. coccolobae sp. nov., A. crassifemur sp. nov., A. jaliscoensis sp. nov., A. marshi sp. nov., A. parvus sp. nov., and A. scotti sp. nov. These new species were collected in tropical dry forests situated along the Pacific coast of Mexico in the states of Jalisco, Oaxaca and Guerrero. Allorhogas coccolobae was reared from leaf galls probably induced by an unidentified cecidomyiid (Diptera on Coccoloba barbadensis Jacq., representing the first record of this genus on Polygonaceae galls. A key to the described Mexican species of Allorhogas is provided.Se describen, ilustran y caracterizan molecularmente 7 especies nuevas del género gallícola Allorhogas (Braconidae: Doryctinae: A. amuzgo sp. nov., A. coccolobae sp. nov., A. crassifemur sp. nov., A. jaliscoensis sp. nov., A. marshi sp. nov., A. parvus sp. nov. y A. scotti sp. nov. Estas especies fueron recolectadas en bosques tropicales caducifolios de la costa del Pacífico mexicano en Jalisco, Oaxaca y Guerrero. Allorhogas coccolobae fue criada de agallas foliares en Coccoloba barbadensis Jacq., inducidas probablemente por un cecidómido (Diptera no identificado, representando el primer registro de este género en agallas de Polygonaceae. Se presenta una clave para las especies de Allorhogas descritas para México.

  1. NoWMex: Continuous GNSS Sites in Northwest Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Garcia, J. J.; Gonzalez-Ortega, J. A.

    2008-05-01

    Nowadays GPS has become part of daily life activities. In the near future, with the GPS modernization and the use of Glonass and Galileo as a Global Navigation Satellite System will give relative location precision from decimeters to millimeters in near real time applications. In order to realize this, we need a global array of continuously operating GNSS stations built to meet the standards of the geophysical communities and linked with gravimetric local measurements to discern the vertical component of our active Earth. Trying to follow this revolution, CICESE has been working with GPS since 1985. The GPS site CICE was built as an IGS reference station in 1995. Afterward we built 5 more continuous GPS sites in Northwest Mexico with the support of SCIGN. The CGPS NoWMex network is currently made up of six sites: CIC1, SPMX, CORX, GUAX, USMX and YESX (sopac.ucsd.edu). Recently, we implemented an experimental GPS processing lab as part of the Geodesy and Geodynamics Laboratory in the Seismology Department at CICESE. 30 stations are now currently processed from the network Red Geodesica Nacional Activa (RGNA-INEGI), NoWMex, and sites in neighbor countries. Fiducials solutions in ITRF2000 are obtained using GAMIT/GLOBK 10.31 with final igs orbits, every month since 2006. In order to make a contribution to densification of ITRF and support NAREF, SIRGAS and SNARF issues related to scientific and geomatics results; we are looking for internal (Mexican) and external colleagues as well as funding for maintenance and increase the number of CGNSS in NoWMeX including southern Basin and Ranger (Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa and Durango), Gulf of California islands, Peninsular Californias, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima and the Mexican Pacific islands: Guadalupe (2 more sites), Cedros, Socorro (DORIS site), Clarion and Tres Marias. We must to build more and free available CGNSS sites in and around Mexico to contribute to sea level rise and global change studies.

  2. [AIDS cases in the rural area in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magis-Rodríguez, C; del Río-Zolezzi, A; Valdespino-Gómez, J L; García-García, M de L

    1995-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to describe the AIDS epidemic in rural areas of Mexico. Information from the National AIDS Registry and the 1990 XI National Census was used. Rural AIDS cases and urban cases were compared regarding notification time, sex, risk categories and migration information. Of the 19,090 AIDS cases reported to the first of July 1994, 699 (3.7%) were rural cases. The first five of these cases were reported in 1986, three years after the first cases had been reported in Mexico. The number of AIDS cases has been growing each year but in 1991. Cases have been reported by all Mexican states. The state with the highest prevalence was Nayarit with 102 cases per million inhabitants, followed by Morelos with 99, Jalisco with 90, and Colima and Tlaxcala with 84. A total of 25% of the rural cases are migrants who have been to the US, against 6.1% of cases from urban areas. The distribution by sex shows 21.3% of women affected against 14.4% of urban cases (p < 0.05). The rural female to male ratio is 1:4, while the urban ratio is 1:6. The prevalence rates are almost three times greater in men than in women. The rural AIDS pattern represents a problem not because of the number of people affected but because of the heterosexual way of transmission. We do not think that migration to the US is going to change. The rural AIDS epidemic is more recent and growing faster than that occurring in the urban setting.

  3. 78 FR 66990 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ...) . 2. BARSAT, S.A. DE C.V. (a.k.a. BARZAT), Lope de Vega No. 232, Arcos Vallarta, Guadalajara, Jalisco.... DE C. V., Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Folio Mercantil No. 27273-1 (Mexico) . 4. DINERMAS, S. DE R.L. DE C.V., Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Folio Mercantil No. 40037-1 (Mexico) . 5. ENERGETICOS VAGO,...

  4. 76 FR 25406 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    .... 702, Providencia, Guadalajara, Jalisco C.P. 44630, Mexico; Avenida Lomas del Bosque No. 2700-42..., Mexico; Paseo de los Tilos No. 1344 A, Col. Rancho Blanco, Guadalajara, Jalisco C.P. 44890, Mexico; Folio... Colimilla Km. 6, Colonia San Gaspar, Tonala, Jalisco C.P. 45404, Mexico; Zona Metropolitana,...

  5. New Mexico State Parks

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the generalized physical boundaries of New Mexico State Parks, in polygonal form with limited attributes, compiled using...

  6. New Mexico Ghost Towns

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data provides locations and non-spatial attributes of many ghost towns in the State of New Mexico, compiled from various sources. Locations provided with...

  7. New Mexico Convention Centers

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the locations of convention centers in New Mexico, in point form, with limited attributes, compiled using available data...

  8. New Mexico National Cemeteries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The United States Department of Veterans Affairs National Cemetery Administration maintains 2 national cemeteries in the state of New Mexico; the Fort Bayard...

  9. New Mexico Golf Courses

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the locations of golf courses in New Mexico, in point form, with limited attributes, compiled using available data from...

  10. New Mexico Parks

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the locations of parks in New Mexico, in point form, with limited attributes, compiled using available data from a...

  11. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2009-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper on Mexico presents econometric investigation of the cyclical determinants of remittances to Mexico. The aggregate U.S. business cycle is not necessarily relevant for remittances. Remittances to Mexico do show a significant relationship with employment conditions in certain regions of the United States. Employment conditions in the U.S. construction sector seem to be especially important as well as remittances for certain regions of Mexico with high rates of emigrati...

  12. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2006-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper is a wide-ranging survey of the conditions for, and obstacles to, the growth in Mexico. It frames the issue of Mexico’s growth record, and presents the paper’s prior assumptions and approach. It highlights the main observations and conclusions emerging from the survey of growth conditions in Mexico. It also presents an overview of remittances in Mexico, motivated by their recent increase and possible macroeconomic implications.

  13. The spatial-temporal distribution of the atmospheric polluting agents during the period 2000-2005 in the Urban Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Hermes U Ramírez; García, María D Andrade; Bejaran, Rubén; Guadalupe, Mario E García; Vázquez, Antonio Wallo; Toledano, Ana C Pompa; Villasenor, Odila de la Torre

    2009-06-15

    In the large cities, the disordered urban development, the industrial activities, and the transport, have caused elevated concentrations of polluting agents and possible risks to the health of the population. The metropolises located in valleys with little ventilation (such as the Urban Area of Guadalajara: UAG) present low dispersion of polluting agents can cause high risk of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this work was to describe the spatial-temporal distribution of the atmospheric polluting agents: carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), particles smaller than 10 microns (microm) (PM(10)) and ozone (O(3)) in the UAG during the period 2000-2005. A spatial-temporal distribution analysis was made by means of graphic interpolation (Kriging method) of the statistical parameters of CO, NO(2), SO(2), PM(10) and O(3) with the collected data from eight stations of atmospheric monitoring in the UAG. The results show that the distributions of the atmospheric polluting agents are variable during the analyzed years. The polluting agent with highest concentration is PM(10) (265.42 microg/m(3)), followed by O(3) (0.11 ppm), NO(2) (0.11 ppm), CO (9.17 ppm) and SO(2) (0.05 ppm). The most affected zone is the southeast of the UAG. The results showed that an important percentage of days exceed the Mexican norms of air quality (93-199 days/year).

  14. Presence of the most abundant ionic species and their contribution to PM2.5 mass, in the city of Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Mena, Leonel; Saldarriaga-Noreña, H; Carbajal-Romero, P; Murillo-Tovar, M A; Limón-Sánchez, Ma T; López-López, A

    2010-12-01

    Ambient PM2.5 samples were taken at 24 h intervals at two sites (Centro and Miravalle) in the city of Guadalajara from January to June 2008. The Centro site is located in the downtown, while the Miravalle site is located in an industrial zone south of the downtown. For both sites the higher concentrations of PM2.5 were between January and May. High correlation coefficients between sulfate, nitrate and ammonium of 0.95, 0.92 and 0.91, respectively, showed low variations in the concentrations of these species in the city. It was estimated that sulfate, nitrate and ammonium represented almost 47% of the PM2.5 mass in June at the Centro site, but in general the contributions in the other months were less than 21%, while at Miravalle this percentage was between 7.7% and 27.6%.

  15. 39Ar/40Ar Chronology and Volumes of Eruptive Products Over the Last 1 Myr in the Tequila Volcanic Field, Jalisco, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis-Kenedi, C. B.; Lange, R. A.; Hall, C. M.; Delgado-Granados, H.

    2002-12-01

    The Tequila volcanic field, located within the western Trans-Mexican arc, covers an area of 1036 km2 and includes a central, andesitic stratocone, Volc\\­_{a}n Tequila, as well as cinder cones, domes, and fissure-fed flows. Sixty-nine high precision 39Ar-40Ar dates reveal that major activity in the Tequila volcanic field began at approximately 1 Ma. From 1 Ma to 200 ka, rhyolite (> 73 wt. % SiO2) and alkali basalt (­š 51 wt. % SiO2) were the only compositions erupted in significant volumes (29 +/- 5.7 km3 and 12 +/- 1.2 km3, respectively). At approximately 200 ka, the andesite comprising Volc\\­_{a}n Tequila erupted within 30-40 kyr, producing a volume of 30 +/- 2.0 km3. Additional andesitic flows (11 +/- 1.4 km3) erupted to the northwest and southeast of the stratocone between 140 and 20 ka. The total volume of dacite that erupted at the Tequila volcanic field is small (1.3 +/- 0.03 km3) and occurred largely (88%) within the last 70 kyrs. Unlike the andesites and dacites, the basalts and rhyolites did not erupt within narrow time intervals, but extruded over the entire last 1 Myr, producing a total volume of 12.6 +/- 1.2 km3 and 32 +/- 6.1 km3, respectively. This detailed eruptive history, combined with the observed phenocryst assemblages (0-10 vol. %) in the small-volume andesite, dacite, and alkali basalt flows, suggest that they were erupted directly from the lower (or middle) crust, without prior storage in an upper crustal chamber. In contrast, the voluminous burst of andesitic volcanism that produced the phenocryst-rich (35-45 vol. %) lavas of Volc\\­_{a}n Tequila was likely fed from a short-lived (­š 40 kyrs) upper crustal chamber. This scenario is supported by the complex, disequilibrium textures seen in the phenocryst assemblage of the Volc\\­_{a}n Tequila lavas, indicative of magma mingling within an upper crustal chamber (Wallace and Carmichael, 1994). The total volume of erupted material at the Tequila volcanic field is 89 +/- 12 km3, of which 49% is andesite, 35% is rhyolite, 13% is basalt, 1.5% is dacite, and 0.8% is basaltic andesite. These proportions of lava types contrast sharply with the results from the neighboring Ceboruco-San Pedro volcanic field (100 km to the northwest), where 64.5% andesite, 1% rhyolite, 20% dacite, and 14.5% basaltic andesite erupted over the last 1 Myr (Frey et al, 2002). In addition, the lava accumulation rate at the Tequila volcanic field is nearly twice that of the Ceboruco-San Pedro volcanic field (88 m/Myr vs. 43 m/Myr). These results demonstrate considerable diversity in both the proportion and volume of lava types within adjacent segments of a volcanic arc with similar subduction parameters (e.g., crustal thickness and rate of slab subduction).

  16. Change in land cover and land use in the north of Jalisco, Mexico: An analysis of the future in a context of climate change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Arias

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper focused on the understanding of changes of land cover and land use processes over time, at a regional level. Changes in vegetation cover and land use have been recognized in many countries as a major cause of environmental degradation, therefore, are located in the center of environmental research and represent an important point in different areas as a mean to understand the mechanisms of this process of deterioration and a guide to support decisions on land use policy. The Atengo Huichol sub-basin has provided a set of goods and services to the communities of its surrounds, especially the Wixarikas (Huichol Community. Unfortunately, this relationship has resulted in a rapid deterioration of its natural resources. In this paper, the changes in coverage and land use in the watershed were analyzed, based on scenarios of 1976 and 2000, considering land use and vegetation cover in a Geographic Information System (GIS. In addition, the methodology, based on a model of climate change scenario to predict changes in land cover and land use in 2040 was developed. The results show that the landscape of the watershed is dominated by pine forest, oak forest and tropical deciduous forest. The dynamics of change is centered on the types of coverage "pine" and "oak” forest during the period 1976-2000, the former decreased at an annual rate of 0.20% and the second at 0.76% and in the estimated period of 2000-2040 this pattern is reversed, the pine forest decreased at an annual rate of 8.95% and oak forest to 2.11%. For both vegetation covers, the loss of vegetation in the second period analyzed was greater. This pattern of change is consistent with estimates previously reported in the context of climate change.

  17. Psychology in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  18. Religious Syncretism in Mexico. Project Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhea, David

    This document is an outline for a three-week unit of study focusing on religious syncretism in Mexico as part of a community college course in comparative religions or philosophy of religion. While this outline is intended to give information and direction to the instructor wishing to use Mexico as an example of religious syncretism, unit goals…

  19. The best bookshops in Mexico City, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Lien, Hung-Ya

    2016-01-01

    Hung-Ya Lien takes us on a tour of the best bookshops in Mexico City, Mexico. If there’s a bookshop that you think other students and academics should visit when they’re undertaking research or visiting a city for a conference, further information about contributing follows this article.

  20. Do Glazed Ceramic Pots in a Mexico-US Border City Still Contain Lead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valles-Medina, Ana M.; Martinez-Cervantes, Maria Elena; Castillo-Fregoso, Maria Carmen

    2014-01-01

    In order to identify the presence of lead in glazed ceramic pots in a Mexico-US border city, 41 clay pots were sampled. The pots were purchased in several establishments located in different geographical areas of the city. The presence of lead was determined using LeadCheck Swabs. Most (58.5%) of the pots were from the State of Jalisco and 24.4% were of unknown origin. Only 4 pots did not contain varnish and were lead-negative. Thirty-seven (81.1%) of the glazed pots were lead positive. Among the lead-negative pots, 4 showed the label “this pot is lead-free.” Thus, if we consider the remaining 33 glazed pots without the “Lead-Free” label, 90.9% were lead-positive and only 9.1% were lead-negative. We also found that earthenware glazed utensils without the “Lead-Free” label were 1.6 times more likely to contain lead (OR: 1.6, 95% CI 1.0–2.5), P = 0.003. We concluded that lead was detected in almost all acquired food containers. Government interventions in Mexico have focused on training manufacturers to make lead-free glazed ceramics but it has been difficult to eradicate this practice. Educational interventions to make and acquire lead-free glazed ceramics should be targeted to both sellers and buyers. PMID:27379279

  1. ARQUEOFAUNA DEL SITIO ARQUEOLÓGICO EL PIÑÓN, CULTURA BOLAÑOS, JALISCO, MÉXICO/Archaeofauna of the archaeological site “El Piñón”, Cultura Bolaños, Jalisco, México.

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo Rodríguez Galicia; Raúl Valadez Azúa; María Teresa Cabrero García

    2012-01-01

    La cultura Bolaños comprende diversas comunidades humanas que se asentaron en uno de los cañones que forman la Sierra Madre Occidental y se ubica, cronológicamente, entre el año 100 a.C. y llega al 1260 de nuestra era, extendiéndose desde el sur de Zacatecas hasta llegar a la desembocadura del río Grande de Santiago, en el centro de Jalisco, México. La base de su desarrollo fue el intercambio de artefactos por productos y materias primas que no existían en la región del occidente mexicano. Aq...

  2. Interpretación de índices antropométricos en niños de Arandas, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vásquez-Garibay Edgar Manuel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Valorar el estado de nutrición de niños que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco en Arandas, Jalisco, y discutir los criterios de clasificación de la desnutrición en México. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal, desarrollado con 775 niños de 12 a 120 meses de edad y que asisten al Instituto Alteño para el Desarrollo de Jalisco (Inadej y 432 encuestas a niños de nuevo ingreso al Inadej. Se calcularon los índices peso/edad, talla/edad y peso/talla, y se investigaron características sociodemográficas y económicas y hábitos de alimentación; asimismo se compararon los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS y de la Norma Oficial Mexicana (NOM-SSA para definir la prevalencia de desnutrición. Resultados. Hubo baja escolaridad en ambos padres (3.6 años. El ingreso familiar fue de $198 dólares mensuales y cada miembro recibió 0.56 dólar/día para las tres comidas. La prevalencia de desnutrición fue mayor en los tres índices con el uso de la NOM-SSA que con el criterio de la OMS (peso/edad 91.7 vs. 30.9%; talla/edad 66.9 vs. 17.3%; peso/talla 62.5 vs. 9.5% respectivamente. Conclusiones. El índice peso/edad y la NOM SSA sobrestiman la prevalencia de desnutrición y no discriminan entre niños genéticamente pequeños, con desnutrición aguda o desnutrición crónica o pasada. Es más útil el criterio de la OMS. Se deben incluir los índices peso/talla (desnutrición reciente y talla/edad (desnutrición crónica para comparación internacional.

  3. Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792, Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827 y Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857: reptiles exóticos en el área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, hembra, longitud hocico-punta de la cola 628 mm, colectado el 8 de febrero del 2011 en una calle del área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 35' 48" N y 105º 13' 52" O, col. personal de la Subdirección de Ecología Municipal del H. Ayuntamiento de Puerto Vallarta, depositado y en resguardo del Reptilario Cipactli del Centro Universitario de la Costa de la Universidad de Guadalajara en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (permiso de funcionamiento del reptilario INE/ CITES/DGVS-CR-IN-0610-JAL./00; no hay número de registro individual del ejemplar. Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, macho, longitud de caparazón 270 mm, colectado el 4 de mayo del 2005 en un parque urbano del Barrio Santa María de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 37' 53" N y 105º 12' 4" O, col. personal de la Policía Ecológica del H. Ayuntamiento de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, depositada y en resguardo en una casa particular en la ciudad de León, Guanajuato (esta ciudad se encuentra aproximadamente a 370 km al noreste de Puerto Vallarta; no hay más datos del registro. Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827; Material examinado: 1 ejemplar, macho, longitud del caparazón 240 mm, capturado el 20 de mayo del 2011 en una laguna artificial de agua dulce del área suburbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, 20º 42' 15" N y 105º 13' 18" O, col. Helios Hernández, depositado y en resguardo del Reptilario Cipactli del Centro Universitario de la Costa de la Universidad de Guadalajara en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México (permiso de funcionamiento del reptilario INE/ CITES/DGVS-CR-IN-0610-JAL./00; no hay número de registro individual del ejemplar.

  4. Crecimiento económico y competitividad en las regiones. Las ciudades medias de Jalisco: el caso de Zapotlán El Grande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Macías Macías

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Zapotlán El Grande es una de las cinco ciudades medias de Jalisco que son partícipes del proceso de desconcentración de la actividad económica de la zona conurbada de Guadalajara. Aunque el proceso ha sido lento, estas ciudades necesitan mostrarse atractivas para ser receptoras de los capitales provenientes de la desconcentración. Por ello, es importante estudiar cuáles de estas ciudades presentan mayo res ventajas a la inversión en función de su desempeño económico reciente, destaca que Zapotlán El Grande manifiesta puntos débiles al respecto que limitan sus potencialidades de desarroll o, aunque los mismos se pueden revertir en la medida en que se aprovechen sus fortalezas.

  5. Population data and mutation rate of nine Y-STRs in a mestizo Mexican population from Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ramón; Valle, Yeminia; Quintero-Ramos, Antonio; Hernández, Guillermo; Rodarte, Katya; Ortiz, Rocío; Olivares, Norma; Rivas, Fernando

    2008-11-01

    Nine Y-STR (DYS19, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS446, DYS447, DYS448, DYS456 and DYS458) were analyzed in a male sample of 285 unrelated individuals from Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. The haplotype diversity (0.996) and discrimination capacity (0.986) were calculated. A family study of around 200 father/son pairs and among 1828 meiosis showed five mutational events. All mutations were single step. The overall mutation rate estimated across the nine Y-STRs was 2.7 x 10(-3) (95% CI 1.2-6.4 x 10(-3))/locus/meiosis. The results indicate that these nine loci are useful Y-linked markers for forensic applications.

  6. ¿De paisano a paisano? Explotación laboral y exclusión social de jornaleros chiapanecos en Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alonso Hernández López

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es poner de manifiesto y analizar las relaciones sociales y laborales entre una población mestiza de Los Altos de Jalisco (México y una población indígena migrante procedente de Chiapas en el sureste mexicano. Se constata que los migrantes chiapanecos se han convertido en mano de obra para aquellas tareas cuya exigencia física es mayor y por las cuales hay menor retribución económica; además, su presencia ha generado reacciones mayoritariamente negativas entre la población de recepción. Estas actitudes, según se concluye, recrean y dan forma a nuevas relaciones de sumisión, exclusión, subordinación y discriminación, enmarcadas en un contexto de reconversión productiva en torno al tequila.

  7. IMPACTOS DEL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO SOBRE LA AGROCLIMATOLOGÍA DEL MAÍZ EN CIÉNEGA DE CHAPALA, JALISCO

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Zarazúa-Villaseñor; José Ariel Ruiz-Corral; Diego Raymundo González-Eguiarte; Hugo Ernesto Flores-López; José Ron-Parra

    2011-01-01

    Los objetivos de este estudio fueron estimar los escenarios climáticos futuros para el ciclo primavera-verano en la región Ciénega de Chapala en Jalisco, México; estimar el impacto de los escenarios sobre los parámetros agroclimáticos y fenológicos del cultivo de maíz; y los escenarios climáticos sobre los requerimientos hídricos del cultivo de maíz en la zona de estudio. Se dispuso de bases de datos climáticos serie 1977-2006 de las estaciones de la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA), y la...

  8. Ecología de la anidación de Crocodylus acutus (Reptilia: Crococylidae) en la desembocadura del río Cuitzamala, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Casas Andreu

    2003-01-01

    Se estudió la ecología de la anidación del Cocodrilo Americano (Crocodylus acutus) en la desembocadura del Río Cuitzmala en la costa de Jalisco, México, en las temporadas de 1990 a 1993. La temporada de anidación es durante los meses de abril y mayo. Al analizar los datos compilados por otros autores y los de este estudio, se observa una tendencia latitudinal en el inicio de la anidación, siendo más temprana a bajas latitudes y más tardía a altas latitudes. Este mismo patrón puede ser aplicad...

  9. ambiental de agricultores orgánicos y convencionales en el ejido La Ciénega, municipio de El Limón, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo González-Figueroa

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La agricultura moderna en México está causando contaminación y erosión; de ello deriva la creciente pobreza y marginación que se padece en diversas zonas rurales, donde la cultura y el sustento dependen de la agricultura. Entender y responder al fenómeno de la degradación ambiental implica comprender las ideas, valores y esperanzas de los campesinos y, a partir de ello, construir alternativas. En este artículo se presentan cuatro estudios de caso en el ejido de La Ciénega, municipio El Limón, en la región Costa Sur de Jalisco, México, buscando contextualizar estos casos en el debate sobre el desarrollo sustentable.

  10. Registro de los movimientos de dos ejemplares de cocodrilo americano, Crocodylus acutus, en Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México.

    OpenAIRE

    Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán

    2012-01-01

    Animal dispersal is the movement outward from a home area. This brief communication describes the movement of an adult and a juvenile of Crocodylus acutus captured and recaptured in the locality of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, between 2001 and 2004. Between capture and recapture, the adult crocodile moved 5 km in lapse of 42 days and a juvenile crocodile moved 1.6 km in lapse of three years and five months.

  11. Organic beekeeping in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Garibay, Salvador V.; Vandame, Rémy

    2011-01-01

    Mexico is often described as a cornucopia, a land with high diversity in ecosystems, crops, fauna and flora. These are superb preconditions for organic honey production. Already the pre-hispanic Maya cultures produced honey from the native stingless bee (Meliponini) before the Spanish introduced European honey bee (Apis mellifera L). The main beekeeping product in Mexico is honey. Mexico ranks sixth in the world in honey production (57,000 t) and third as an exporter (25,000 t).

  12. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2005-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper considers the “informal sector†in Mexico. In Mexico and many other countries, the informal sector represents a large share of total employment. The paper reviews the literature on informality, with special focus on findings for Mexico, and develops a theoretical model that highlights the importance of externalities and the distortion associated with the informal sector. The analysis provides insight into the kinds of policy measures that might sustainably reduce...

  13. Organic Beekeeping in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Garibay, Salvador; Gänz, Peter; Vandame, Rémy

    2010-01-01

    Mexico is often described as a cornucopia, a land with high diversity in ecosystems, crops, fauna and flora. These are superb preconditions for organic honey production. Already the pre-hispanic Maya cultures produced honey from the native stingless bee (Meliponini) before the Spanish introduced European honey bee (Apis mellifera L). The main beekeeping product in Mexico is honey. Mexico ranks sixth in the world in honey production (57,000 t) and third as an exporter (25,000 t). Two condit...

  14. La introducción del riego hispano colonial y sus repercusiones: El caso de los regantes del Barrio de Tapias en Santa María de los Ángeles, Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    R. Realpozo; González, C.

    2005-01-01

    Los sistemas de regadío vigentes desde la época colonial en la región Norte de Jalisco, son ejemplos vivos de la estructura social que hizo posible la producción de alimentos en una región con escasa precipitación.La presencia de los colonizadores hispa-nos en la región Norte de Jalisco, sólo puede explicarse a partir de la construcción de obras hidráulicas para la producción de alimentos. Ejemplo de ello son las acequias de común, localizadas en la micro región Colotlán-Santa María de los Án...

  15. Competition Policy in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Ernesto Estrada Gonzalez

    2008-01-01

    The CFC faces significant challenges from cartel activity, prevailing regulatory restrictions on competition, and exclusionary practices undertaken by some of the most powerful corporations in Mexico.

  16. Distribución y abundancia de los crustáceos estomatópodos de fondos blandos en las costas de Jalisco y Colima, México

    OpenAIRE

    Judith Arciniega Flores; Víctor Landa Jaime; Gaspar González Sansón

    1998-01-01

    Se presentan los resultados de tres cruceros, denominados DEM 1, DEM II y DEM III, efectuados durante 1995 y 1996. En cada crucero se visitaron siete sitios y se realizaron recolecciones a cuatro profundidades diferentes (20, 40, 60 y 80 m), en la plataforma continental de Jalisco y Colima, México, mediante arrastres camaroneros pareados. Se identificaron cinco géneros y nueve especies pertenecientes a las familias Eurysquillidae, Hemisquillidae, Lysiosquillidae y Squillidae. El crucero DEM I...

  17. Dieta y nicho de alimentación del coyote, zorra gris, mapache y jaguarundi en un bosque tropical caducifolio de la Costa Sur del Estado de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Guerrero; Mohammad H. Badii; Silvia S. ZALAPA; Flores, Adriana E.

    2002-01-01

    Se analizó la dieta, amplitud y sobreposición de nicho de alimentación para el coyote (Canis latrans), zorra gris (Urocyon cinereaoargenteus), mapache (Procyon lotor) y jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) en una zona de bosque tropical caducifolio de la costa sur de Jalisco, México. Para ello se recolectaron 430 excrementos de las cuatro especies: coyote (118), zorra gris (78), mapache (198) jaguarundi (36), fueron analizados y los contenidos determinados. Los resultados son reportados en f...

  18. Isolation and identification of main mastitis pathogens in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Castañeda Vázquez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present work is a large epidemiological study aiming to detect the prevalence of subclinical mastitis and to investigate the major udder pathogens in Jalisco State, western Mexico. For this purpose, 2205 dairy cows, representing 33 Mexican dairy herds, were involved. Of 2205 cows, 752 mastitic animals were diagnosed and only 2,979 milk samples could be obtained for further investigation. All 2979 milk samples were subjected to California Mastitis Test (CMT to differentiate clinical cases from subclinical ones where 1996 samples (67 % reacted positively. Of these, 1087 samples (54.5% came from cows suffering from clinical cases of mastitis. Bacteriological identification of the causative agents revealed the presence of a major group of pathogens including the Coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS, S.aureus, S.agalactiae, Corynebacterium spp. and Coliform bacteria which were detected in 464 (15.6%, 175 (5.9%, 200 (6.8%, 417 (14% and 123 (4.1% of the 2927 investigated quarters, 295 (15.4%, 118 (15.7%, 111 (14.8%, 227 (30.2% and 109 (14.5% of the 752 examined cows and in 33 (100%, 22 (66.7%, 19 (57.6%, 30 (90.1% and 27 (81.8% of the 33 herds involved, respectively. Other pathogens could be detected in the investigated milk samples such as S. dysgalactiae (0.4%, S.uberis (0.37%, Bacillus spp. (1%, Nocardia spp. (0.6% und Candida spp. (0.1%. Meanwhile, others were present in a negligible ratio; including the Aerococcus viridans, and Enterococcus spp., Lactococcus lactis, S. bovis.

  19. Understanding the Rainfall Daily Climatology of Northwestern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito-Castillo, L.

    2007-05-01

    Maximum monthly precipitation (MMP) over northwestern Mexico is not concurrent because it occurs in different months from July through September. However, instead of occurring progressively from one month to the next as latitude increases, as it might be logic since rains move progressively from south to north as monsoon develops, MMP occurs in July in latitudes of Jalisco state, then MMP shifts to August more to the north in latitudes of Nayarit state and along the eastern coast of the Gulf of California, then it occurs in July in higher latitudes through the main axis of the Sierra Madre Occidental (SMO), and finally MMP shifts to September to the west in the California Peninsula. The maximum monthly streamflow occurs in a similar pattern as MMP does but one month later. When daily rainfall climatology of the region is calculated, i.e. the long-term mean per day from stations with more than 20 years of data between 1940 and 2004, it is possible to understand why the behavior of MMP occurs in a July-August-July pattern from south to north. Preliminary results indicate that at latitudes of Nayarit state normal frequent storms with abundant rains develop at the end of July and through the August. These rains sum to the rains that move from the south to the north, as monsoon develops increasing the volume of precipitations at those latitudes in August. To the east crossing the SMO through northwestern Zacatecas state maximum volume of precipitations also is observed in August. However, in higher latitudes it is not observed any increment of rains in August and consequently maximum volume of precipitations occurs in July. To understand the dynamics of the rains at the latitudes of Nayarit state it results necessary to investigate the source of these local rains and explain why the increase of precipitations in August is limited at those latitudes.

  20. A Preliminary Study of Seismicity at Ceboruco, Volcano, Nayarit, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, J. J.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Trejo-Gomez, E.

    2007-12-01

    Ceboruco Volcano is located northwestern of Tepic-Zacoalco graben (Jalisco, Mexico). Its volcanic activity can be divided in four eruptive cycles differentiated by their volcano explosivity index (VEI) and chemical variations as well. As a result of andesitic effusive activity, during the first cycle the "paleo-Ceboruco" edifice was constructed. The end of this cycle is defined by a plinian eruption (VEI is estimated between 3 and 4) which occurred some 1020 years ago and formed the external caldera. During the second cycle an andesitic dome extruded in the interior of the caldera. The dome, called Dos Equis, collapsed and formed the internal caldera. The third cycle is represented by andesitic lava flows which partially cover the northern and south-southwestern part of the edifice. The last cycle is represented by historic andesitic lava flows located in the southwestern flank of the volcano. In February 2003 as part of an agreement with Nayarit Civil Defense a seismic station was installed in the SW flank of the volcano. The station is equipped with a Marslite (lennartz) digitizer with a 3DLe 1Hz. seismic sensor. Detection system is based on a STA/LTA recording algorithm. More than 2000 small earthquakes have been attributed to various local sources, and some of this earthquakes are possibly located beneath Ceboruco volcano. A preliminary classification separates high frequency and low frequency seismic events. The sources of high frequency earthquakes appear to be distributed as evidenced from waveforms variety and changing S-P arrivals separations. The low frequency seismic events also show varying signatures and some of them exhibit extended coda, including some monochromatic character.

  1. The Tala Tuff, La Primavera caldera Mexico. Pre-eruptive conditions and magma processes before eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosa-Ceballos, G.

    2015-12-01

    La Primavera caldera, Jalisco Mexico, is a Pleistocenic volcanic structure formed by dome complexes and multiple pyroclastic flows and fall deposits. It is located at the intersection of the Chapala, Colima, and Tepic grabens in western Mexico. The first volcanic activity associated to La Primavera started ~0.1 Ma with the emission of pre-caldera lavas. The caldera collapse occurred 95 ka and is associated to the eruption of ~20 km3of pumice flows known as the Tala tuff (Mahood 1980). The border of the caldera was replaced by a series of domes dated in 75-30 ky, which partially filled the inner depression of the caldera with pyroclastic flows and falls. For more than a decade the Federal Commission of Electricity in Mexico (CFE) has prospected and evaluated the geothermal potential of the Cerritos Colorados project at La Primavera caldera. In order to better understand the plumbing system that tapped the Tala tuff and to investigate its relation with the potential geothermal field at La Primavera we performed a series of hydrothermal experiments and studied melt inclusions hosted in quartz phenocrysts by Fourier Infra red stectroscopy (FTIR). Although some post caldera products at La Primavera contain fayalite and quartz (suggesting QFM conditions) the Tala tuff does not contain fayalite and we ran experiments under NNO conditions. The absence of titanomagnetite does not allowed us to calculate pre-eruptive temperature. However, the stability of quartz and plagioclase, which are natural phases, suggest that temperature should be less than 750 °C at a pressure of 200 MPa. The analyses of H2O and CO2 dissolved in melt inclusions yielded concentrations of 2-5 wt.% and 50-100 ppm respectively. This data confirm that the pre-eruptive pressure of the Tala tuff is ~200 MPa and in addition to major elements compositions suggest that the Tala tuff is either, compositionally zoned or mixed with other magma just prior to eruption.

  2. Mexico Agriculture Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    Cahill, Carmel; Jotanovic, Aleksandar; Abraham, Cally

    2008-01-01

    As a NAFTA partner and Canada's third largest export market for agri-food products, developments in Mexico are of direct interest to Canada. Rural poverty, low productivity, poor infrastructure and unclear property rights for both land and water still inhibit the efforts of Mexico's government to improve competitiveness of its agricultural sector.

  3. Radiological Protection Measurements Implemented during the 16. Pan American and 4. ParaPan American Games: Guadalajara, Mexico, 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terrorism remains a threat to international stability and security. Often national and international high level public events are the subject of much public interest and receive extensive coverage in the media. In this sense, it is well known that there is a real threat of a terrorist attack in important public events, such as major economic summits, high level political meetings or sporting events. In 1955 and 1975, the 2nd and 7th Pan American Games were organized by the City of Mexico. In 2011, the Pan American Games was the third event of its kind held in Guadalajara, Jalisco. At the national level, the implementation of nuclear security measures in the Pan American Games laid the foundations for a sustainable national nuclear security framework that will continue long after the event. The political decision, the existing legal basis and structure, agency coordination facilitated the incorporation of nuclear security measures. It was also a challenge to integrate all the relevant organizations, provide focus to the threat of terrorism linked to weapons of mass destruction for security games, plan resources and execute the project on time, among other details. For this reason, information and lessons learned that are reported in this document, received in Mexico during the 16th edition of the Pan American Games will be useful for the implementation of nuclear security measures in States with similar situations

  4. Traditional Knowledge, Agave Inaequidens (Koch Conservation, and the Charro Lariat Artisans of San Miguel Cuyutlán, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana G. Valenzuela-Zapata

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The Mexican sport of charrería, or Mexican rodeo, developed in post-conquest Mexico as a way of preserving and celebrating traditional cowboy riding and livestock handling skills. Today, charrería is considered the national sport of Mexico and the charro (cowboy is also a celebrated icon of Mexicanness. Special handcrafted ropes used in charrería, known as sogas finas, or charro lariats, are made from the fibers of the Agave inaequidens. The manufacture of charro ropes is an artisinal practice that requires both cultural and botanical knowlege. In the last ten years, there has been a significant decline in the A. inaequidens population in the Cerro Viejo mountain range of the central-western Mexican state of Jalisco, putting the financial wellbeing of local lariat artisans at risk. Drawing on fieldwork and laboratory analysis conducted from 2002 through 2010, we discuss the socio-cultural significance of charro lariats, detail the harvesting of A. inaequidens in relation to lariat craftsmanship, document the physical characteristics of the A. inaequidens from this region, and describe the relationship between traditional knowledge and the local economy. The goal of this research is two-fold: 1 to stimulate feedback between producers and consumers in an attempt to leverage the existing business cluster based on traditional knowledge and 2 to initiate dialogue concerning conservation, domestication, and sustainable management of the wild A. inadequidens population.

  5. Geothermal exploration results at the Ceboruco volcano, Nayarit State, Mexico; Resultados de la exploracion geotermica en el volcan Ceboruco en el estado de Nayarit, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venegas S, Saul [Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos de la Comision Federal de Electricidad, Morelia (Mexico)

    1995-05-01

    Since the seventies, in Mexico, the thermal areas census and the geothermal exploration have been carried out by the Geothermal Division of Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), including geological, geophysical and geochemical studies and deep exploratory wells, most of them located in the Mexican Volcanic Belt (MVB). In recent years, the exploration has been intensified in the northwestern sector of this regional structure, called the Tepic-Chapala graben, also named by some authors as the Zacoalco-Tepic graben. Due to the large volumes of plio-quaternary volcanism between the tectonic limits of the Sierra Madre Occidental (SMO) and the Jalisco Block (JB), one of the greatest geothermal interest areas is located between the large volcanic apparatus of Ceboruco, Domes of San Pedro, and Tepetiltic, in the State of Nayarit, where CFE has drilled 3 deep exploratory wells. The obtained results, demonstrate that the tectonic limit between SMO and BJ physiographic provinces is much more complex than initially proposed and the hypothetical Quaternary continental rift type structure, could be of Miocene age, because in the three wells discordant lithologic contact was observed between the BJ and the MVB. Also the measured thermal gradient in the Ceboruco No. 1 well (112 degrees celsius to 2800 m), does not correspond the typical heat flow of this type of recent structures. [Espanol] La Gerencia de Proyectos Geotermoelectricos, dependiente de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), ha realizado desde 1970, el censo de focos termales en el pais. La prospeccion geotermica con base en estudios de geologia, geofisica, geoquimica y construccion tanto de pozos exploratorios profundos como de desarrollo, define a la estructura del Eje Neovolcanico Mexicano (ENM), como la provincia fisiografica con mayores posibilidades para el desarrollo de la energia geotermica. En el sector noroccidental de esta estructura regional, en los limites tectonicos de la Sierra Madre Occidental

  6. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2013-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper analyzes reforms to Mexico’s fiscal framework. Mexico’s resilient economic performance would be consolidated by increasing fiscal policy buffers and preparing for challenges associated with long-term budget pressures. In the short term, reducing public debt levels can create space to implement countercyclical fiscal policies and reduce exposure to high financing and hedging costs, which would protect Mexico’s credit rating at times of distress. The paper highl...

  7. Census Snapshot: New Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Romero, Adam P; Rosky, Clifford J; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Gates, Gary J.

    2008-01-01

    Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau, this report provides demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children in New Mexico. We compare same-sex “unmarried partners,” which the Census Bureau defines as an unmarried couple who “shares living quarters and has a close personal relationship,” to different-sex married couples in New Mexico. In many ways, the more than 6,000 same-sex couples living in New Mexico are similar to married couple...

  8. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper analyzes external shocks and business cycle fluctuations in Mexico. The paper examines the relative importance of U.S. demand shocks—and other foreign disturbances—in explaining Mexican output fluctuations. It identifies the dynamic response of Mexico’s output to those shocks. The paper investigates which U.S. variables are most relevant to explaining business cycles in Mexico. It analyses potential spillovers and channels of transmission underlying the linkag...

  9. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper analyzes reserve adequacy in Mexico. Reserve adequacy has been of renewed interest, as the authorities have introduced a new rules-based mechanism of U.S. dollar sales to reduce the rate of reserve accumulation. The paper examines the recent experience with Mexico’s fiscal management tools in light of the need for further consolidation. It reviews evidence on the cyclical behavior of fiscal policy in Mexico, finding that it has generally been procyclical since the...

  10. Hydrothermal bitumen generated from sedimentary organic matter of rift lakes - Lake Chapala, Citala Rift, western Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zarate del Valle, Pedro F. [Departamento de Quimica, Universidad de Guadalajara - CUCEI, Ap. Postal 4-021, Guadalajara, Jalisco CP 44410 (Mexico); Simoneit, Bernd R.T. [Environmental and Petroleum Geochemistry Group, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Building 104, Corvallis, OR 97331-5503 (United States)]. E-mail: simoneit@coas.oregonstate.edu

    2005-12-15

    Lake Chapala is in the Citala Rift of western Mexico, which in association with the Tepic-Zacoalco and Colima Rifts, form the well-known neotectonic Jalisco continental triple junction. The rifts are characterized by evidence for both paleo- and active hydrothermal activity. At the south shore of the lake, near the Los Gorgos sublacustrine hydrothermal field, there are two tar emanations that appear as small islands composed of solid, viscous and black bitumen. Aliquots of tar were analyzed by GC-MS and the mixtures are comprised of geologically mature biomarkers and an UCM. PAH and n-alkanes are not detectable. The biomarkers consist mainly of hopanes, gammacerane, tricyclic terpanes, carotane and its cracking products, steranes, and drimanes. The biomarker composition and bulk C isotope composition ({delta} {sup 13}C = -21.4%) indicate an organic matter source from bacteria and algae, typical of lacustrine ecosystems. The overall composition of these tars indicates that they are hydrothermal petroleum formed from lacustrine organic matter in the deeper sediments of Lake Chapala exceeding 40 ka ({sup 14}C) in age and then forced to the lakebed by tectonic activity. The absence of alkanes and the presence of an UCM with mature biomarkers are consistent with rapid hydrothermal oil generation and expulsion at temperatures of 200-250 deg. C. The occurrence of hydrothermal petroleum in continental rift systems is now well known and should be considered in future energy resource exploration in such regions.

  11. Seismic Characteristics of the Vulcanian Explosions from the 2003-2005 Eruption at Colima Volcano, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez-Cornú, Francisco Javier; Espíndola, Juan Manuel; Nava Pichardo, Fidencio Alejandro; Suárez-Plascencia, Carlos

    2015-08-01

    Colima Volcano (19.512°N, 103.617°W, 4000 m.a.s.l.), located on the border between the states of Jalisco and Colima in western Mexico, is the most active volcano in the country. Its activity has taken place through diverse styles of eruption, from very explosive to effusive. In the last decades it has presented frequent vulcanian eruptions with episodes of dome construction-destruction. Four of these cycles occurred from 1990 to 2005, the last one from July 2003 to September 2005. We focus on this last period, for which we analyzed seismic phases and coupled pressure airwaves from high dynamic range seismograms, both in the time and frequency domains, to determine characteristic features, propagation velocities, and origin times for both deep seismic sources and the associated explosions. The results show that the sources of the P-waves associated with the explosions are not located at the summit, but instead at different shallow locations for the different explosions, suggesting the presence of various magmatic pathways within the volcano.

  12. Hydrothermal bitumen generated from sedimentary organic matter of rift lakes - Lake Chapala, Citala Rift, western Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lake Chapala is in the Citala Rift of western Mexico, which in association with the Tepic-Zacoalco and Colima Rifts, form the well-known neotectonic Jalisco continental triple junction. The rifts are characterized by evidence for both paleo- and active hydrothermal activity. At the south shore of the lake, near the Los Gorgos sublacustrine hydrothermal field, there are two tar emanations that appear as small islands composed of solid, viscous and black bitumen. Aliquots of tar were analyzed by GC-MS and the mixtures are comprised of geologically mature biomarkers and an UCM. PAH and n-alkanes are not detectable. The biomarkers consist mainly of hopanes, gammacerane, tricyclic terpanes, carotane and its cracking products, steranes, and drimanes. The biomarker composition and bulk C isotope composition (δ 13C = -21.4%) indicate an organic matter source from bacteria and algae, typical of lacustrine ecosystems. The overall composition of these tars indicates that they are hydrothermal petroleum formed from lacustrine organic matter in the deeper sediments of Lake Chapala exceeding 40 ka (14C) in age and then forced to the lakebed by tectonic activity. The absence of alkanes and the presence of an UCM with mature biomarkers are consistent with rapid hydrothermal oil generation and expulsion at temperatures of 200-250 deg. C. The occurrence of hydrothermal petroleum in continental rift systems is now well known and should be considered in future energy resource exploration in such regions

  13. Study of Seismic Activity at Ceboruco Volcano, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Escudero, C. R.; Rodríguez Ayala, N. A.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.

    2013-12-01

    Many societies and their economies endure the disastrous consequences of destructive volcanic eruptions. The Ceboruco stratovolcano (2,280 m.a.s.l.) is located in Nayarit, Mexico, at the west of the Mexican volcanic belt and towards the Sierra de San Pedro southeast, which is a key communication point for coast of Jalisco and Nayarit and the northwest of Mexico. It last eruptive activity was in 1875, and during the following five years it presents superficial activity such as vapor emissions, ash falls and riodacitic composition lava flows along the southeast side. Although surface activity has been restricted to fumaroles near the summit, Ceboruco exhibits regular seismic unrest characterized by both low frequency seismic events and volcano-tectonic earthquakes. From March 2003 until July 2008 a three-component short-period seismograph Marslite station with a Lennartz 3D (1Hz) was deployed in the south flank (CEBN) and within 2 km from the summit to monitoring the seismic activity at the volcano. The LF seismicity recorded was classified using waveform characteristics and digital analysis. We obtained four groups: impulsive arrivals, extended coda, bobbin form, and wave package amplitude modulation earthquakes. The extended coda is the group with more earthquakes and present durations of 50 seconds. Using the moving particle technique, we read the P and S wave arrival times and estimate azimuth arrivals. A P-wave velocity of 3.0 km/s was used to locate the earthquakes, most of the hypocenters are below the volcanic edifice within a circular perimeter of 5 km of radius and its depths are calculated relative to the CEBN elevation as follows. The impulsive arrivals earthquakes present hypocenters between 0 and 1 km while the other groups between 0 and 4 km. Results suggest fluid activity inside the volcanic building that could be related to fumes on the volcano. We conclude that the Ceboruco volcano is active. Therefore, it should be continuously monitored due to the

  14. New Mexico Mountain Ranges

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) actively seeks data from and partnerships with Government agencies at all levels and other interested organizations....

  15. New Mexico Federal Lands

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This map layer consists of federally owned or administered lands of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Only areas of 640 acres or more are...

  16. 1973 Veracruz, Mexico Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — South of Veracruz, southeastern Mexico. Damage: Severe. The earthquake caused heavy damage in the states of Morelos, Puebla, and Veracruz. Thousands were left...

  17. Mexico - Surface Weather Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Mexican Surface Daily Observations taken at 94 observatories located throughout Mexico, beginning in 1872 and going up through 1981. The data resided on paper...

  18. La migración desde la mirada de los empleadores de una agroindustria de los Altos de Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de la Luz Pérez Padilla

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En los Altos de Jalisco, México, la migra- ción y la actividad agropecuaria son acti- vidades tradicionales con impacto econó- mico y social en la cotidianidad. Por ello se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo so- bre la percepción y experiencia de nueve empleadores de una empresa agroindus- trial respecto al fenómeno migratorio en la región, así como los costos y benefi cios que asocian al mismo. Los empleadores observan la disminución de emigrantes y el aumento de deportados. Identifi can un aumento de mujeres e hijos jóvenes ingre- sando a trabajar en la empresa. Como im- pacto negativo destacan: difi cultades de adaptación de los retornados, adquisición de costumbres diferentes, distanciamien- to o abandono familiar y falta de envío de remesas. Aprecian el desarrollo de nuevas cualidades y mayores exigencias hacia la empresa en los trabajadores migrantes de retorno.

  19. LOS EFECTOS DE “JOVA” EN EL MUNICIPIO DE AUTLÁN DE NAVARRO, JALISCO, MÉXICO: UN CASO HISTÓRICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Olguín-López

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo proporciona información de los efectos del Huracán “Jova” el pasado Octubre del 2011, fenómeno clasificado como atípico en el municipio de Autlán de Navarro, Jalisco, México. Registrado en un período de tiempo de 18 horas, con 330 mm de lluvia acumulada promedio (período de retorno de 75 años; lámina que alteró la capacidad de escorrentía en los cauces fluviales, causando desbordamientos y daños severos en zonas urbana y agrícola. Éste favoreció el ciclo de lluvias anual de la región (más de 40% de lámina precipitada y el volumen total de capacidad de las presas (más de 45%. El objetivo fue describir y analizar la distribución del huracán “Jova”, su impacto e interacción en los usos del suelo como actividades primarias; se resalta la importancia de la información climatológica, útil en la toma de decisiones y en la planeación estratégica del territorio.

  20. Agave azul y el desarrollo sustentable en la cuenca baja del río Ayuquila, Costa Sur de Jalisco (1994-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter R.W. Gerritsen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El agave azul (Agave tequilana Weber es un cultivo nuevo para la cuenca del río Ayuquila en la Costa Sur de Jalisco, y es importante para su progreso agropecuario. Sin embargo, se observan efectos socioambientales negativos. Desde 2003 se han estudiado las condiciones del cultivo y su expansión, así como alternativas posibles. Los resultados muestran un crecimiento acelerado desde su introducción, a mitad de la década de 1990. Se destaca una concentración de propietarios privados y a través de contratos. Si bien sembrar esta planta puede ser redituable, las tendencias cíclicas de sobreproducción y escasez han originado una falta de incentivos para hacerlo y un deterioro de la capacidad productiva. Se discuten las perspectivas del avance agropecuario basado en el cultivo del agave azul, y se ofrecen algunas recomendaciones para fomentar la sustentabilidad de su sistema de producción comercial.

  1. La prematurez y sus repercusiones en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Ramos Ramos

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tiene por objetivo conocer las repercusiones de la prematurez en el crecimiento y desarrollo del niño, para lo cual se hace un seguimiento de niños nacidos en hospitales de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, de los más representativos del Sistema de Atención Médica en México. Estos niños fueron seguidos con evaluaciones semestrales, tanto en lo que se refiere al estado nutricional (crecimiento, como al desarrollo (Prueba Selectiva de Denver. El análisis de los resultados se realiza con la consideración de las clases sociales como categorías determinantes, para ubicar posteriormente a la prematurez como variable dependiente. Los resultados sugieren que tanto la prematurez como las clases sociales son aspectos que, en Salud Pública, deben ser considerados en el momento de planificar las acciones de atención a la salud.

  2. APLICACIÓN DEL MÉTODO SERVQUAL EN LOS SERVICIOS DE ALUMBRADO PÚBLICO DE ZAPOPAN, JALISCO [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20030201002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Joel Torres Arreola

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Considerando que el uso de los Sistemas de Calidad en el sector público Mexicano se encuentra en un proceso inicial, este estudio revisa solo un aspecto de la implementación de los Sistemas de Calidad. En este caso, el Sistema de Calidad esta identificado como la certificación de las normas de calidad de la Organización Internacional de Estandarización (ISO, en inglés. El objetivo de esta investigación es medir a través del modelo SERVQUAL el grado en que el personal de la Dirección de Alumbrado Público de Zapopan (D. A. P. Z, Estado de Jalisco, ha asumido una filosofía de calidad con respecto a los servicios que ofrecen a través de su estructura organizacional, tratándose en este caso de una investigación aplicada. Es importante considerar que esta área tiene tres años de haber implementado un sistema de calidad como lo es la certificación ISO 9002.

  3. Asimetría de piezas de canales de bovino faenadas en el rastro municipal de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. M. Zorrilla

    2010-01-01

    enteros, procesados en el rastro municipal de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México. Como criterio de evaluación se adoptó el grado de desviación de un valor de uno del coeficiente de correlación de Pearson del producto-momento. Los resultados mostraron la posible existencia de asimetrías de índole anatómico entre el lado derecho y el izquierdo de la cantidad de grasa de la riñonada y grasa pélvica, así como el área del ojo de la costilla, las cuales mostraron una correlación de 0.7102, 0.7704, 0.7649, respectivamente. Estos coeficientes de correlación son inferiores a los obtenidos para la comparación de los pesos de los segmentos derecho e izquierdo delanteros y traseros, de 0.9705 y 0.9587, respectivamente; lo que permite suponer que en las condiciones en que se llevó a cabo el presente trabajo, el proceso mecánico de cuarteo de las canales no alteró la simetría entre las piezas. Se señalan las posibles implicaciones que estos factores pueden tener en la construcción de un modelo matemático de predicción de cortabilidad de una canal de bovino.

  4. Islas Marias Archipelago, Mexico. A Missing Piece to Reconstruct the Paleoposition of Baja California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaaf, P. E.; Pompa, V.; Hernandez, T.; Weber, B.; Solis, G.; Villanueva, D.; Perez-Venzor, J.

    2011-12-01

    Paleopositions for southern Baja California peninsula have yielded controversial models over the past 30 years. Mainly based on paleomagnetic data many hypotheses place Baja at lower paleolatitudes in front of southern Mexico or Central America with subsequent northward translations. Other models suggest minor, if any, northward displacements with respect to continental Mexico combined with clockwise rotations. Lithological, geochemical, and geochronological similarities for southern Baja California and Puerto Vallarta (western Mexico Pacific margin) igneous rocks seem to confirm the latter model. To further prove this model we have mapped and collected rocks from Maria Madre, the largest island of the Islas Marias archipelago, located in the mouth of the Gulf of California. In an area of only 145 square kilometers, metamorphic basements rocks (ortho and migmatitic gneisses), highly deformed metasediments, granitoids, acid to intermediate volcanic sequences, and a cover with gently folded marine sediments are exposed. The basement complex with gneisses and metasediments, including garnet-bearing paragneiss and calc silicates, as well as the granodioritic-tonalitic intrusives display an extraordinary accordance with similar units observed in the Los Cabos Block (LCB) of Baja California Sur. Furthermore, U-Pb zircon ages of 162 and 170 Ma for the basement gneisses and of 80 Ma for the granitoids have been reported also from the LCB. Additionally, upper Cretaceous intrusive ages are well known from the Puerto Vallarta batholith in Jalisco and Nayarit, mainland Mexico. Geochemical and isotopic data as well as Nd model ages confirm a magmatic consanguinity of LCB, Islas Marias, and Puerto Vallarta granitoids. The volcanic units of Maria Madre Island include ignimbrites and effusive dacitic-rhyolithic rocks, which can be correlated to the Sierra Madre Occidental province and the Comundú Formation of Baja California. Age determinations are under work to confirm this

  5. Occupational health in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreón, Tania; Santos-Burgoa, Carlos; Baron, Sherry; Hernández, Sendy

    2002-01-01

    The authors discuss the maquiladoras and child labor, and offer an overview of the history of occupational safety and health in Mexico that covers laws and regulations, social security, unions, and enforcement of legislation. The organization and structure of the various institutions responsible for occupational safety and health (OSH), as well as administrative procedures, are described. This article concludes with a list of the new challenges for OSH in Mexico. PMID:12028953

  6. Privatization in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Chong, Alberto; Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio

    2004-01-01

    Over the last 20 years, Mexico redefined the role of the state in its economy through an ambitious program to liberalize trade, promote efficiency and reduce the size and scope of the state-owned sector. In Mexico, privatization led to a significant improvement in firm performance, as profitability increased 24 percentage points and converged to levels similar to those of private firms. From this increase, at most 5 percent can be attributed to higher prices and 31 percent to transfers from w...

  7. Mexico; Selected Issues Paper

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2010-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper analyzes the global crisis and potential growth in Mexico. The paper uses two methodologies to assess to what extent the global crisis is likely to weigh on Mexico’s growth potential. The first approach is sectoral, examining the historical relationship between financial stress and growth in manufacturing industries. The second approach uses a growth-accounting framework to take a closer look at likely developments in the factors that drive potential growth. The p...

  8. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    Mexico’s growth process in trend and cyclical factors, with implications for policy decisions, is discussed. Mexico’s trade integration has been important for growth. But the high export growth experienced has been followed by a more muted performance. Reforms to improve productivity are important to sustain export dynamism. Fiscal credibility, underpinned by prudent fiscal management and a strong fiscal framework, permitted a countercyclical fiscal response during the global crisis. Howe...

  9. REDD+ i Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Leithoff Christensen, Anneliese; Bondo Vester, Rasmus; Q. Madsen, Camilla Henriette

    2014-01-01

    Mexico joined the REDD+ program (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) in 2010, and has since worked on the design of a national strategy to be implemented in the country. Through ACF's theoretical perspective, we analyze advocacy coalitions and belief systems of the actors in the subsystem in the design of Mexico's REDD+ national strategy. All coalitions in the subsystem share a deep core belief that REDD+ as vision has the potential to tackle deforestation problems. ...

  10. Poverty alleviation in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Levy, Santiago

    1991-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of poverty in Mexico. Its four objectives are to : i) present evidence; ii) analyze economic determinants; iii) discuss policy options; and iv) assess existing poverty programs. The author begins by giving a very brief discussion of recent economic events, as these set the stage for poverty programs in the 1990's. The paper goes on to discuss the concept of poverty measurement. The author presents evidence of the extent of poverty in Mexico. He aims at...

  11. 76 FR 58562 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... Alfredo''); Manuel Clouthier 486, Colonia Prados Vallarta, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Plaza Del Sol Local 28, Zona R, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Paseo Del Heliotropo 3426, Monraz, Guadalajara, Jalisco... MARTIN, Mayra (a.k.a. ``Naida''); Manuel Clouthier 486, Colonia Prados Vallarta, Guadalajara,...

  12. The sources of the shallow, upper plate earthquakes in Central Mexico, and their possible triggering by the subduction earthquakes, 'normal' and slow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manighetti, I.; Vergnolle, M.; Campillo, M.; Cotton, F.; Thollon, O.

    2008-12-01

    Large earthquakes have broken the Central Mexico upper plate in the historical time (1887, M5.3; 1912, M6.9; 1920, M6.5; 1976, M5.3; 1979, M5.3), but the faults responsible for those earthquakes are not precisely known. Nor is their link with the subduction, especially in terms of possible triggering between subduction and shallow earthquakes. To address those issues, we first identify the major active faults that cut the upper plate, and determine their slip mode and overall organization. For that, we conduct a morphological analysis of the region, based on the use of satellite and topographic images. The upper plate appears dissected by a dense network of hundreds of major active faults, which overall form 2 distinct large-scale systems, named Jalisco and Mexico. The Jalisco system is made of the N-S Colima normal fault system which runs from the coast to the Transmexican Belt (TMB) where it ends in a large fishtail centered on the Chapala Lake. The western branch of the fishtail is made of NW-striking, N-dipping faults that are both normal and left-lateral, while the eastern branch is made of ENE-trending, N-dipping normal faults. The Mexico system resembles a large-scale horsetail. It is made of a major NNW-trending left-lateral strike-slip fault that runs from the coast to the TMB, at the eastern edge of the Oaxaca region. As it enters the TMB, that NNW system connects to a series of E-W, N-dipping, normal-right-lateral faults, while extending further north through a series of NNW, E-dipping normal-left-lateral faults. Together these faults bound to the south and west a series of rhomboidal half-grabens, among those are the basins of Mexico City and Acambay. Mexico City is thus bounded by large active faults but also dissected by smaller ones, both E-W and NNW. The E-W fault system that bounds the Acambay half-graben to the south is likely the one to have ruptured in 1912. Second, we examine whether the subduction interface and the upper plate active faults

  13. [Nutritional state and shortcoming of micronutrients on schooled youth's diet on the metropolitan zone of Guadalajara Jalisco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdez López, Rosa María; Fausto Guerra, Josefina; Valadez, Figueroa Isabel; Ramos Ramos, Alfredo; Loreto Garibay, Oscar; Villaseñor Farias, Martha

    2012-06-01

    The adolescence is a stage of high nutritional risk due to the increased requirements, changes in eating habits and potential risk. There are documented evidence of micronutrient deficiency among the population of Mexico. To evaluate the nutritional status and micronutrient deficiencies in the diet of adolescents. The sample consisted of 307 adolescents. We analyzed the body composition by using anthropometric indicators. To determine the intake of micronutrients, the 24 hours reminder and software Mexfoods were used. The percentages that indicate adequate intake were classified according to the following breakpoints: Below minimum requirements, when intake was or = 50% and or = 75%. The BMI indicated that 21.8% of students of both sexes showed malnutrition and the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 27.9%. The micronutrient intake results indicated significant deficiencies in iron (p = 0.002), zinc (p = 0.000) and calcium (p = 0.002). The B-complex vitamins were those that had lower failure rates. We identified that the diet of adolescents has significant micronutrient deficiencies and that adolescent girls resulted with the major deficiencies. It is urgent to develop strategies, to reduce the problems of food deficit in adolescents.

  14. Eruptive history, current activity and risk estimation using geospatial information in the Colima volcano, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Camarena-Garcia, M.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Flores-Peña, S.

    2013-12-01

    Colima volcano, also known as Volcan de Fuego (19 30.696 N, 103 37.026 W), is located on the border between the states of Jalisco and Colima, and is the most active volcano in Mexico. In January 20, 1913, Colima had its biggest explosion of the twentieth century, with VEI 4, after the volcano had been dormant for almost 40 years. In 1961, a dome reached the northeastern edge of the crater and started a new lava flow, and from this date maintains constant activity. In February 10, 1999, a new explosion occurred at the summit dome. The activity during the 2001-2005 period was the most intense, but did not exceed VEI 3. The activity resulted in the formation of domes and their destruction after explosive events. The explosions originated eruptive columns, reaching altitudes between 4,500 and 9,000 masl, further pyroclastic flows reaching distances up to 3.5 km from the crater. During the explosive events, ash emissions were generated in all directions reaching distances up to 100 km, slightly affecting the nearby villages: Tuxpan, Tonila, Zapotlan, Cuauhtemoc, Comala, Zapotitlan de Vadillo and Toliman. During 2005 to July 2013, this volcano has had an intense effusive-explosive activity; similar to the one that took place during the period of 1890 through 1905. That was before the Plinian eruption of 1913, where pyroclastic flows reached a distance of 15 km from the crater. In this paper we estimate the risk of Colima volcano through the analysis of the vulnerability variables, hazard and exposure, for which we use: satellite imagery, recurring Fenix helicopter over flights of the state government of Jalisco, the use of the images of Google Earth and the population census 2010 INEGI. With this information and data identified changes in economic activities, development, and use of land. The expansion of the agricultural frontier in the lower sides of the volcano Colima, and with the advancement of traditional crops of sugar cane and corn, increased the growth of

  15. HSIP Hospitals in New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Hospitals in New Mexico The term "hospital" ... means an institution which- (1) is primarily engaged in providing, by or under the supervision of physicians, to...

  16. New Mexico State Forestry Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains boundaries of the New Mexico Forestry Districts, plus the names of the district offices. It is in a vector digital structure digitized from a...

  17. New Mexico Voting Precincts (2008)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains the New Mexico Voting Precinct Boundaries as of July 2006. It is in a vector digital shapefile created to show the voting precinct coverage...

  18. New Mexico Property Tax Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This layer represents boundaries for New Mexico tax district "OUT" categories and incorporated/municipal "IN" categories as identified on the "Certificate of Tax...

  19. Riesgo de contagio de Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual (ITS) y VIH/SIDA desde el punto de vista de adolescentes migrantes del Estado de Jalisco, México

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa Margarita Torres López; Rosalba Alejandra Iñiguez Huitrado; Manuel Pando Moreno; José Gpe. Salazar Estrada

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el riesgo de contagio de ITS y VIH/SIDA desde el punto de vista de los adolescentes y las adolescentes migrantes de Jalisco, México. La finalidad fue identificar elementos para comprender el punto de vista de los adolescentes y de las adolescentes migrantes, y con ello fortalecer los programas de atención para la población que migra. El tipo estudio fue cualitativo exploratorio. La duración del estudio fue de 18 meses, de enero de 2006 a junio de 2007...

  20. Mecanismos de Democracia Directa en Jalisco, México: entre la contención, la simulación y la manipulación ciudadana. Cuatro estudios de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Rigoberto Soria Romo; Andrea Karina Sánchez Alvarado

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo analiza la instrumentación de diversos Mecanismos de Democracia Directa (MDD) aplicados en el estado de Jalisco, México. Dichos MDD son el referéndum, el plebiscito y la iniciativa popular, a los que se agrega la revocación de mandato reglamentado por el Ayuntamiento de Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, municipio del mismo estado. El propósito declarado de los MDD es elevar la calidad de la democracia vía mayor participación ciudadana. Sin embargo, se concluye en el presente trabajo q...

  1. Impacto de la pesca en la estructura, función y productividad del ecosistema de la plataforma continental de las costas de Jalisco y Colima, México

    OpenAIRE

    Galván Piña, Víctor Hugo

    2005-01-01

    Se construyó un modelo trófico basado en ECOPATH para describir la estructura y los flujos de biomasa del ecosistema de la plataforma continental de las costas de Jalisco y Colima, México. El modelo incluye a 38 grupos funcionales, 22 de peces, 9 de invertebrados y un grupo para cada uno de los siguientes: mamíferos marinos, aves marinas, tortugas marinas, zooplancton, fitoplancton, peces muertos (FAC) y detritus. El detritus, zooplancton y fitoplancton impactan positivamente la mayoría de lo...

  2. Study of Seismic Clusters at Bahía de Banderas Region, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Rutz López; Francisco J. Núñez Cornú; Carlos Suárez Plascencia

    2013-01-01

    The coast in the state of Jalisco and south of Nayarit is located within a region of high seismic potential, increasing population, and tourism development. This motivated Civil Defense authorities of Jalisco and the Universidad de Guadalajara to launch in the year 2000 the assessment of the seismic risk of the region. This work focuses in the seismicity study of the area of Bahía de Banderas and northern coast of Jalisco, which is actually a seismic gap. We perform an analysis of available s...

  3. Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Guadalajara, Mexico and identification of a rare multidrug resistant Beijing genotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Treviño, Samantha; Morfín-Otero, Rayo; Rodríguez-Noriega, Eduardo; González-Díaz, Esteban; Pérez-Gómez, Héctor R; Bocanegra-García, Virgilio; Vera-Cabrera, Lucio; Garza-González, Elvira

    2015-01-01

    Determining the genetic diversity of M. tuberculosis strains allows identification of the distinct Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes responsible for tuberculosis in different regions. Several studies have reported the genetic diversity of M. tuberculosis strains in Mexico, but little information is available from the state of Jalisco. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates from Western Mexico. Sixty-eight M. tuberculosis isolates were tested for susceptibility to first-line drugs using manual Mycobacteria Growth Indicator Tube method and genotyped using spoligotyping and IS6110-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) pattern analyses. Forty-seven (69.1%) isolates were grouped into 10 clusters and 21 isolates displayed single patterns by spoligotyping. Three of the 21 single patterns corresponded to orphan patterns in the SITVITWEB database, and 1 new type that contained 2 isolates was created. The most prevalent lineages were T (38.2%), Haarlem (17.7%), LAM (17.7%), X (7.4%), S (5.9%), EAI (1.5%) and Beijing (1.5%). Six (12.8%) of the clustered isolates were MDR, and type 406 of the Beijing family was among the MDR isolates. Seventeen (26.2%) isolates were grouped into 8 clusters and 48 isolates displayed single patterns by IS6110-RFLP. Combination of IS6110-RFLP and spoligotyping reduced the clustering rate to 20.0%. The results show that T, Haarlem, and LAM are predominant lineages among clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis in Guadalajara, Mexico. Clustering rates indicated low transmission of MDR strains. We detected a rare Beijing genotype, SIT406, which was a highly resistant strain. This is the first report of this Beijing genotype in Latin America.

  4. Importance of species of Triatominae (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) in risk of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in western Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Ibarra, J A; Grant-Guillén, Y; Morales-Corona, Z Y; Haro-Rodríguez, S; Ventura-Rodríguez, L V; Nogueda-Torres, B; Bustos-Saldaña, R

    2008-05-01

    The epidemiological risk of infection by Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas in human populations of western Mexico is still under study. Although most vectors in this region and their vector capability are already known, new studies estimating the risk and the importance of individual Triatominae species (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) for T. cruzi transmission are necessary. For 1 yr, every month, > 400 human dwellings and their surroundings in eight communities of two western Mexico states were searched for triatomines. More than 1,000 specimens representing four species were collected and checked for T. cruzi infection. Based on the usual entomological indices, only the inhabitants of Gavilán El Progreso-La Villita are at serious risk of vectorial infection by T. cruzi. A population of Meccus longipennis (Usinger) was found living in peridomestic rock pile boundary walls after an insecticide spraying. It was confirmed the major role of peridomestic habitats as shelter areas for triatomines, particularly in rock pile boundary walls and chicken roosts. Triatominae presence also was verified in certain sylvatic habitats, including primarily heaps of stones. The important role of M. longipennis in the potential transmission of T. cruzi in the region and the secondary role of M. picturatus (Usinger) and Triatoma barberi Usinger also were confirmed. Null colonization of houses by T. barberi, which was collected primarily in peridomestic habitats, differs from its common intradomiciliary collection in other studies. Meccus pallidipennis (Stål) most probably does not exist in Nayarit. Meccus mazzottii (Usinger) and Meccus phyllosomus (Burmeister) are no longer found in Nayarit and Jalisco. Additional studies are necessary to determine the current epidemiological situation in other areas of western Mexico.

  5. Humboldt's works on Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Leitner

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in English, Abstracts in Spanish and English. Humboldt wrote about Mexico from the perspective of a scientific explorer and naturalist. His works include his diaries, the Essai politique sur le royaume de la Nouvelle-Espagne, the Tablas géograficas, the Vues des Cordillères and a geographic atlas. Concerning the scientific aspect, the lack of a section on Mexico in the Relation historique is not a real deficit, since this can be found in the Essai. But only the diaries and letters from the journey, both published by the Alexander-von-Humboldt Research Centre, Berlin, can be considered an adequate substitute.The following will show the origin of Humboldt's writings on Mexico, offer historical and bibliographical facts and present the publications "Beiträge zur Alexander von Humboldt-Forschung", as well as Humboldt’s handwritten estate as far as they are available to us.

  6. Identificación de asimetrías bilaterales en piezas y cortes porcionados comerciales de canales de bovino procesadas en Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Zorrilla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se identifica la presencia de asimetrías entre el lado izquierdo y el derecho en canales de bovino faenadas en el Rastro Municipal de Guadalajara, Jalisco (México, a partir de la comparación de tres piezas primarias, 30 porcionados comerciales y siete componentes anatomo-estructurales, diferencias agrupadas arbitrariamente en un origen de carácter anatómico, de índole mecánico por el proceso físico de su división y la posible combinación de ambos. El análisis de los datos generados de 20 canales permitió identificar que el riñón, la grasa de la riñonada y el sebo fueron estructuras anatómicas con pesos estadísticamente diferentes (P<0.0178; P<0.0183; P<0.0944, respectivamente cuando se compararon los correspondientes pares izquierdo y derecho. La bandera, el contrapecho, el diezmillo, el pescuezo y el recoveco fueron cortes porcionados estadísticamente diferentes (P<0.0005; P<0.0817; P<0.0859; P<0.0387; P<0.0178, respectivamente cuyo origen se puede adjudicar a factores anatómicos y, posiblemente, mecánicos al momento de su separación física. La única estructura estadísticamente diferente (P<0.0001 entre ambos lados -considerada producto de una influencia de la operación mecánica durante su separación- fue el cuarto anterior de la canal. Estos resultados apoyan la sugerencia de establecer un solo lado de la canal de bovinos en la implementación de normas y sistemas de clasificación, por calidades y rendimientos.

  7. Actividad física, conductas sedentarias y calidad de vida en adolescentes universitarios de Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Con el objeto de evaluar la asociación de la actividad física y conductas sedentarias con la calidad de vida en universitarios en Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco, México, se estudiaron 881 adolescentes de 17-19 años de edad. Se utilizaron los cuestionarios en línea: Youth Quality of Life Instrument Research versión y el Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Se obtuvo razón de momios [RM] mediante regresión logística simple y múltiple. El número de días de actividad física se relacionó con el índice total superior, dominios general superior, personal superior y ambiental superior. Jugar en > 2 equipos deportivos se relacionó con el índice total superior, dominio general superior, dominio personal superior y dominio ambiental superior. Tener 4-5 clases de educación física a la semana se relacionó con el dominio general superior. Pasar dos o menos horas al día frente a la pantalla se relacionó con el dominio relacional superior. En conclusión, en los universitarios adolescentes mexicanos se asoció a indicadores de mejor calidad de vida, el realizar actividad física 4 o más días a la semana, asistir a clases de educación física 4 o 5 semanales, participar en 2 o más equipos deportivos y pasar menos de 2 horas diarias horas frente a pantallas en actividades recreativas.

  8. Real Time View of the Functions and Services of the Seismic Alert System of Mexico (SASMEX)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa Aranda, J.; Ibarrola Alvarez, G.; Cuellar Martinez, A.; Inostroza Puk, M.

    2013-05-01

    The Seismic Alert System of Mexico (SASMEX) is integrated since March 2012 by the Seismic Alert System of Mexico City (SAS), in continuous operation since 1991, and the Seismic Alert System of Oaxaca City (SASO) that started its services in 2003. SASMEX consists of 97 field seismic sensor station (FS) type triaxial accelerometer, mostly sponsored by the government of Mexico City and secondly by Oaxaca. The SASMEX covers the Pacific seismic hazard among the coast of Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero and Oaxaca; and the seismic region of Puebla and northern Oaxaca and Guerrero states. This integration lets to warn with better opportunity to the population of Mexico City, Oaxaca Oax., Acapulco Gro., Chilpancingo Gro. and recently Morelia Mich.; cities with a system called EASAS where receives seismic data from FS and emits earthquake early warning signals to the population. The recent sponsorship of Federal Government through the General Coordination of Civil Protection and the National Center for Disaster Prevention, reinforced integration SAS and SASO, and auspiced the development of a Real-Time Monitoring System of functions and services of SASMEX. This work show how is displayed the functions of services of SASMEX through this monitoring system and its possible application by Civil Protection authorities. This monitoring system can indicate the status of FS, the communications system and cities with EASAS. Additionally, when an earthquake occurs and is detected by the SASMEX, the monitoring system shows the messages of FS, whose consist in the characteristics of detection and seismic danger forecasted; in the case of a strong earthquake estimated by more than one FS, the EASAS of each city could automatically issue an Alert Public to its population. The monitoring system allows observing cities with EASAS that activate their alerts, displays a basic earthquake propagation model and how it reaches to other FS. Additionally, the monitoring system shows the

  9. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper analyzes the sources of Mexico’s economic growth since the 1960s, and compares various decompositions of historical growth into trend and cyclical components. The role of the implied output gaps in the inflation process is assessed. The paper presents medium-term paths for GDP based on alternative productivity growth rates. The paper also describes the significant steps Mexico has taken to strengthen the structure of its public debt in recent years, both in terms ...

  10. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2012-01-01

    Mexico is an open economy with strong real and financial links to the rest of the world with risks of spillovers from global turbulence. Recent gains in market share in the U.S. manufacturing market are owed to improved relative unit labor costs and reemergence of a location advantage. Mexico’s current fiscal framework requires measures to offset the emerging challenges of a decline in oil revenues and the projected increase in health- and pensions-related spending. The sustained increase o...

  11. Firearms in New Mexico.

    OpenAIRE

    Wiktor, S. Z.; Gallaher, M M; Baron, R C; Watson, M E; Sewell, C M

    1994-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of firearm ownership and storage practices in New Mexico, we did a random-digit-dialing survey of New Mexico residents in October 1991. Of 200 households surveyed, 79 (40%) had 1 or more firearms in the home. Rural households were more likely than urban households to have firearms (44% versus 30%), and households with annual incomes of greater than $25,000 were more likely to have a firearm than households with incomes of $25,000 or less (41% versus 33%). Household...

  12. Asociaciones de larvas de peces en relación a cambios ambientales en las Bahías Chamela, Jalisco y Santiago-Manzanillo, Colima (2001-2002 Larval fish associations related to environmental changes in Bahía Chamela, Jalisco and Santiago-Manzanillo, Colima (2001-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia A. Silva-Segundo

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Se analizó la influencia de los factores ambienta les sobre las asociaciones espacio-temporales de larvas de peces frente a Bahía Chamela, Jalisco y el conjunto de bahías Santiago-Manzanillo, Colima, durante un ciclo anual (2001-2002. Se identificaron dos agrupaciones relacionadas con la fisiografía de la costa y el hábitat de los adultos, una frente a Bahía Chamela integrada por una mezcla de especies de hábitats costero, demersal e intermareal-submareal (Bregmaceros bathymaster, Bairdiella sp., Cynoscion sp., Engraulis mordax y Labrisomidae tipo 1 y otra en Santiago-Manzanillo compuesta por especies de origen lagunar e intermareal-submareal (Eucinostomus sp., Abudefduf troschelii, Haemulidae tipos 2 y 3, así como Enneanectes sexmaculatus. La organización temporal estuvo influenciada por la alternancia entre dos periodos (cálido y templado definidos por la variabilidad ambiental regional. El periodo cálido estuvo caracterizado por especies principalmente tropicales (Harengula thrissina, Eucinostomus sp., Auxis sp. y Haemulidae tipo 3, relacionadas con una mayor temperatura y precipitación pluvial, en cambio durante el periodo templado dominaron las especies de afinidad tropical-subtropical (B. bathymaster, Bairdiella sp., Cynoscion sp. y E. mordax, relacionadas con una menor temperatura e incrementos en las concentraciones de nutrimentos, clorofila-a y zooplancton.Spatial and temporal structure of fish larvae associations and their relationship to the environmental variability were studied at Bahía Chamela, Jalisco, and Santiago-Manzanillo complex, Colima, during 2001-2002. Two spatial aggregations were found, related to the coastal physiography and to the adult habitat. The first was observed at Bahía Chamela, which integrated a combination of species belonging to coastal, demersal and inshore habitats (Bregmaceros bathymaster, Bairdiella sp., Cynoscion sp., Engraulis mordax, and Labrisomidae type 1 and the other in Santiago

  13. The Art of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saccardi, Marianne

    1997-01-01

    Provides an annotated bibliography of books for grades K and up which explores the folklore, poetry, fiction, and art of Mexico, and focuses on the Mayans and Aztecs and Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo. Also suggests various research, reading, drama, music, social studies, physical education, and art activities and lists related videos and Internet…

  14. New Mexico's Challenge 2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Robert M.; And Others

    This report presents a comprehensive strategy developed by the New Mexico Education Technology Planning Committee to maximize resources in educational technology to achieve the long-range goals adopted for education in the state. Four basic strategies are recommended: (1) to forge relationships between schools and businesses, and partnerships…

  15. Mexico Policy Notes

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    This note presents an overview of Mexico's forthcoming reform agenda-from the World Bank's vantage point. It distills the main messages in the policy notes that make up this compendium. The purpose is not to provide definitive answers to the many policy questions likely to occupy the New Mexican administration, or to provide a comprehensive account of progress to date and policy recommenda...

  16. [Food security in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urquía-Fernández, Nuria

    2014-01-01

    An overview of food security and nutrition in Mexico is presented, based on the analysis of the four pillars of food security: availability, access, utilization of food, and stability of the food supply. In addition, the two faces of malnutrition in Mexico were analyzed: obesity and undernourishment. Data were gathered from the food security indicators of the United Nations's Food and Agriculture Organization, from the Mexican Scale of Food Security, and from the National Health and Nutrition Survey. Mexico presents an index of availability of 3 145 kilocalories per person per day, one of the highest indexes in the world, including both food production and imports. In contrast, Mexico is affected by a double burden of malnutrition: whereas children under five present 14% of stunt, 30% of the adult population is obese. Also, more than 18% of the population cannot afford the basic food basket (food poverty). Using perception surveys, people reports important levels of food insecurity, which concentrates in seven states of the Mexican Federation. The production structure underlying these indicators shows a very heterogeneous landscape, which translates in to a low productivity growth across the last years. Food security being a multidimensional concept, to ensure food security for the Mexican population requires a revision and redesign of public productive and social policies, placing a particular focus on strengthening the mechanisms of institutional governance. PMID:25649459

  17. Electroacoustic Music in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Sigal

    2010-01-01

    Mexico has been an outsider to the electroacoustic music movement. Countries likeArgentina, Cuba and Chile were pioneers in establishing electronic music centers in thecontinent. This texts aim to illustrate briefly the story behind the first initiatives in Mexicoandthe actual situation and characteristics of the institutional electroacoustic music scene.

  18. Human Rickettsialpox, Southeastern Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Zavala-Castro, Jorge E.; Zavala-Velázquez, Jorge E.; Peniche-Lara, Gaspar F.; Uicab, Justo E. Sulú

    2009-01-01

    The detection of Rickettsia akari in 2 human patients increased the diversity of rickettsioses affecting the public health in the southeast of Mexico. Rickettsialpox should be considered in the differential diagnosis with other febrile illnesses for the correct diagnosis and accurate treatment of this potential threat to human health.

  19. Genetic structure and indirect estimates of gene flow in three taxa of Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae) in western Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montes-Hernandez, Salvador; Eguiarte, Luis E

    2002-07-01

    Cultivated squash (Cucurbita argyrosperma ssp. argyrosperma and C. moschata) are important in the Mexican traditional agroecosystem. They are typically cultivated within maize fields where adjacent populations of a wild, close relative, C. argyrosperma ssp. sororia, occur. Consequently, there are ample opportunities for gene flow between domesticated and free-living Cucurbita populations. We used allozymes to examine genetic variation and gene flow among these three Cucurbita taxa in the state of Jalisco in Western Mexico. Twelve polymorphic allozyme loci were used to calculate genetic diversity for 16 populations of Cucurbita. We found high levels of genetic variation: polymorphism of 0.96, mean allelic diversity of 2.08, average expected heterozygosity 0.407, and little differentiation among conspecific populations (D = 0.081; F(ST) = 0.087; N(e)m = 5.22). These findings indicate that Cucurbita possess a high pollen dispersal potential, a somewhat surprising result considering they have specialist pollinators. Unweighted pair group method with arithmetic means (UPGMA) analysis of allozymes suggests the existence of at least two distinct groups of populations, one consisting of both subspecies of C. argyrosperma and another consisting of C. moschata.

  20. Conflictos psico-sociales de la mujer delincuente en México/ Psycho-social conflict women offenders in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Fabiola García Álvarez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of violence as cause and consequence of criminal behavior, same rooted arises on endogenous and exogenous factors. Also, theories studying female criminality, such as social, legal, criminological and psychological described, among others; that help us identify different points of view of researchers who have given importance to the issue. Once theories of female criminality analyzed, the reasons arise for conducting this research, as the crime rate growing, changing role of women and pretend to give a comprehensive explanation of the problem. Furthermore, the research objectives were established, one of them, analyzing female criminality in a multidisciplinary manner to achieve progress in this area. The main hypotheses are established: the causes of criminal behavior is policausal, mainly determined by its personality. Field work was conducted in the Women's Preventive and Rehabilitation Center in Puente Grande, Jalisco, Mexico (CPRF, were applied to the sample of 25% of the universe of the prison community of female offenders aged between 25 and 35, held on charges of murder and / or robbery; where they were analyzed psychosocial variables that influence female behavior, violent ones.

  1. Epidemiological risk for Trypanosoma cruzi transmission by species of Phyllosoma complex in the occidental part of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magallón-Gastélum, Ezequiel; Lozano-Kasten, Felipe; Gutierréz, Margarita Soto; Flores-Pérez, Angelica; Sánchez, Beatriz; Espinoza, Bertha; Bosseno, Marie-France; Brenière, Simone F

    2006-03-01

    Domestic and peridomestic triatomine populations were collected in three rural Mexican communities of Jalisco, Nayarit and Zacatecas states. Triatoma longipennis and T. picturata (Phyllosoma complex) were the principal species unequally distributed in the villages: T. longipennis was the main species in two communities and T. picturata in the third one. Peridomestic infestation and colonization indexes were remarkably high ranging from 26.1% to 50% and from 58.3% to 85.7%, respectively. Moreover, domestic (indoor) infestation was observed in only one of the communities infested by T. longipennis. The preliminary study of temporal variation indicates increasing trend of the triatomine population and infestation rates during the dry season. Triatomine infection rates ranged from 41.2% to 60.2% and all the flagellate isolates were assigned to T. cruzi I. The majority of the dwellings were built with modern building materials and the sanitary conditions were generally good. High peridomestic infestations must be considered as a risk factor of Chagas disease transmission and further studies are needed to better understand the peridomestic conditions favoring the establishment of the triatomines. The contribution of such study to enlarger knowledge of epidemiological features of Chagas disease in Mexico is considered.

  2. Mexican Seismic Alert System's SAS-I algorithm review considering strong earthquakes felt in Mexico City since 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuellar Martinez, A.; Espinosa Aranda, J.; Suarez, G.; Ibarrola Alvarez, G.; Ramos Perez, S.; Camarillo Barranco, L.

    2013-05-01

    The Seismic Alert System of Mexico (SASMEX) uses three algorithms for alert activation that involve the distance between the seismic sensing field station (FS) and the city to be alerted; and the forecast for earthquake early warning activation in the cities integrated to the system, for example in Mexico City, the earthquakes occurred with the highest accelerations, were originated in the Pacific Ocean coast, whose distance this seismic region and the city, favors the use of algorithm called Algorithm SAS-I. This algorithm, without significant changes since its beginning in 1991, employs the data that generate one or more FS during P wave detection until S wave detection plus a period equal to the time employed to detect these phases; that is the double S-P time, called 2*(S-P). In this interval, the algorithm performs an integration process of quadratic samples from FS which uses a triaxial accelerometer to get two parameters: amplitude and growth rate measured until 2*(S-P) time. The parameters in SAS-I are used in a Magnitude classifier model, which was made from Guerrero Coast earthquakes time series, with reference to Mb magnitude mainly. This algorithm activates a Public or Preventive Alert if the model predicts whether Strong or Moderate earthquake. The SAS-I algorithm has been operating for over 23 years in the subduction zone of the Pacific Coast of Mexico, initially in Guerrero and followed by Oaxaca; and since March 2012 in the seismic region of Pacific covering the coasts among Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero and Oaxaca, where this algorithm has issued 16 Public Alert and 62 Preventive Alerts to the Mexico City where its soil conditions increase damages by earthquake such as the occurred in September 1985. This work shows the review of the SAS-I algorithm and possible alerts that it could generate from major earthquakes recordings detected by FS or seismometers near the earthquakes, coming from Pacific Ocean Coast whose have been felt in Mexico

  3. 77 FR 2609 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to the Foreign...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ...., Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; DOB 05 Aug 1959; POB Guadalajara, Mexico; citizen Mexico; nationality Mexico; C... EXPRESS, S.A. DE C.V.; a.k.a. GRUPO LOMEDIC), Av. del Parque 489, Col. San Andres, Guadalajara,...

  4. Radon availability in New Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources (NMBMMR) in cooperation with the Radiation Licensing and Registration Section of the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have been evaluating geologic and soil conditions that may contribute to elevated levels of indoor radon throughout New Mexico. Various data have been integrated and interpreted in order to determine areas of high radon availability. The purpose of this paper is to summarize some of these data for New Mexico and to discuss geologic controls on the distribution of radon. Areas in New Mexico have been identified from these data as having a high radon availability. It is not the intent of this report to alarm the public, but to provide data on the distribution of radon throughout New Mexico

  5. Acoustics lecturing in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beristain, Sergio

    2002-11-01

    Some thirty years ago acoustics lecturing started in Mexico at the National Polytechnic Institute in Mexico City, as part of the Bachelor of Science degree in Communications and Electronics Engineering curricula, including the widest program on this field in the whole country. This program has been producing acoustics specialists ever since. Nowadays many universities and superior education institutions around the country are teaching students at the B.Sc. level and postgraduate level many topics related to acoustics, such as Architectural Acoustics, Seismology, Mechanical Vibrations, Noise Control, Audio, Audiology, Music, etc. Also many institutions have started research programs in related fields, with participation of medical doctors, psychologists, musicians, engineers, etc. Details will be given on particular topics and development.

  6. Análisis multicriterio del impacto potencial del turismo en la anidación de las tortugas marinas en Chalacatepec, Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Flores-Monter

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El litoral mexicano presenta hábitats aptos para la reproducción, refugio y crianza de tortugas marinas. Sin embargo, en la costa Chalacatepec, Jalisco, esta aptitud puede estar amenazada por el Proyecto Desarrollo Vistas (PDV, un complejo turístico mixto: hotelero, residencial, comercial y deportivo. El objetivo de la presente investigación, es evaluar el impacto potencial del turismo sobre la anidación de tortugas en dos etapas: a Preparación y construcción y b Operación y mantenimiento, como una herramienta de ayuda a la toma de decisiones en la conservación de las especies Lepidochelys olivácea (tortuga golfina, Chelonia agassizii (tortuga prieta y Dermochelys coriácea (tortuga laúd. Método: Se calculó la densidad de anidación (nidos por kilómetro y se utilizó el método de evaluación multicriterio (EMC discreto Proceso Analítico Jerárquico (PAJ, para estimar el impacto de 8 amenazas turísticas: desmonte y despalme, excavaciones, rellenos, contaminación sonora, residuos sólidos, presencia de personal de obra y construcciones provisionales, iluminación artificial del frente de playa y concentración de visitantes. Se construyó una matriz de comparación, se asignó un peso a cada amenaza, y mediante el uso de un SIG se generaron los mapas de impacto potencial del turismo. Resultados: Las amenazas con mayor peso o ponderación (eigenvector total fueron los rellenos (0.36482 y la concentración de visitantes (0.38194. La construcción y operación turística puede afectar el 59.8% de las anidaciones e impactar principalmente en la costa sur el km 1 (1 142 registros de nidos colectados y, en la costa norte el km 1 (329 nidos, km 3 (311 nidos, km 4 (268 nidos y km 5 (151 nidos. Discusión o Conclusión: La playa de anidación en Chalacatepec es de gran importancia para la protección y conservación de las tortugas marinas. La presente EMC fue una herramienta adecuada para estimar las consecuencias del

  7. Idle Youth in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    de Hoyos, Rafael; Gutierrez Fierros, Carlos; Vargas M., J. Vicente

    2016-01-01

    The present study combines data from Mexico's employment surveys (Encuesta Nacional de Empleo and Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo) with the country's official statistics on murder rates to create a state-level panel data set covering the period 1995 to 2013. Including most of the common controls identified by the literature, the results show that the rate of male youth ages 19 to 2...

  8. Doing Business in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; International Finance Corporation

    2006-01-01

    This report investigates the scope and manner of regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Quantitative indicators on business regulations and their enforcement have been created for 12 cities and states, which can now be compared with Mexico City, and to 154 countries around the world. The indicators cover four "Doing Business" topics: starting a business, registering property, getting credit and enforcing contracts. The 12 cities and states are: Aguascalientes,...

  9. Inequality in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Prát, Šárka

    2013-01-01

    This thesis project has the aim of analysing the development of inequality in Mexico, income redistribution, and future possibilities of investment into the educational system. Human capital is one of the determinants of economic growth. Although human capital includes health, education, and social capital, the major focus of this diploma thesis is on education. Education becomes a suitability criterion for employment in all sectors of industry. Everyone is rewarded for exercising the knowled...

  10. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2014-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico’s energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company’s (PEMEX) monopoly on exploration and production of hydrocarbons, while retaining the prime directive that these resources are the property of the Mexican nation. This paper focuses on the nature of reforms and what problems these reforms are addressing. It presents illustrative production scenarios f...

  11. Dust storm, northern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    This large dust storm along the left side of the photo, covers a large portion of the state of Coahuila, Mexico (27.5N, 102.0E). The look angle of this oblique photo is from the south to the north. In the foreground is the Sierra Madre Oriental in the states Coahuila and Nuevo Leon with the Rio Grande River, Amistad Reservoir and Texas in the background.

  12. Mexico; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper assesses the potential financial vulnerabilities of the corporate sector in Mexico. It provides an overview of salient features of the Mexican corporate sector. The paper also presents the formal stress tests that estimate the potential effects of some macroeconomic and financial shocks, such as a sharp depreciation of the exchange rate, a sustained increase in interest rates, a slowdown in demand, and a prolonged international market closure on the corporate sector.

  13. Mexico's Fiscal Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Looney, R.E.

    1987-01-01

    Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, vol. 21, no.6, 1987. Refereed Journal Article Mexico's current crisis has its origins in a number of structural conditions that developed in the 1970s. This paper examines one of these structural impediments, the country's fiscal disequilibrium. An empirical analysis of the country's tax structure indicates that there is ample scope for major tax reforms geared to introducing more responsiveness into the country's tax collection system. Given t...

  14. Mexico environmental services project

    OpenAIRE

    Comisión Nacional Forestal (CONAFOR)

    2007-01-01

    Metadata only record The Mexico Environmental Services Project aims to improve water quality, biodiversity, and carbon sequestration from areas with globally significant biodiversity. Eight pilot sites will be chosen to overlap with existing high-priority biodiversity conservation areas. The project objectives will be met through "(i) strengthening the capacity of CONAFOR, INE, community associations, and NGOs to increase flexibility and improve efficiency of existing service provision to ...

  15. Geophysics in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fucugauchi, J. Urrutia

    The 1986 Annual Meeting of the Union Geofisica Mexicana (UGM) was held in Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico, during November 9-15, 1986. This annual meeting provides an opportunity for the presentation and discussion of new observations, data, interpretations, etc., in the various research areas of geophysics. It is also intended to bring together geophysicists from government institutions, industry, universities, and research centers, along with researchers from other countries. Since a substantial amount of the geophysical data that is gathered in Mexico remains unpublished or is published in internal reports of restricted circulation, it is important to have such a forum for local and foreign researchers. Many U.S. research groups are presently carrying out studies in Mexico (in seismology, tectonics, economic geology, volcanology, etc.), but their participation in these annual meetings has been very limited. Thus, in addition to giving a brief account of the meeting, we would like to encourage future participation by AGU members and also to announce the availability of material published from the meetings (abstracts with program and a proceedings volume).

  16. CHAPHOLO (scientific drilling project): Paleolimnological Evaluation of Lake Chapala, western Mexico, During Holocene (CONACYT grant: CB2011-168685)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarate, P. F.; Fritz, S. C.; Ramirez Sanchez, U.; Gomez Salazar, S.; Ceja Andrade, I.; Priyadarsi Debajyoti, R.; Brenner, M.

    2012-12-01

    CHAPHOLO ( CHAP: Chapala; HOLO: Holocene) has as goal to evaluate paleoenvironmental variations recorded in the sediment of neotectonic Lake Chapala (LCH), western Mexico (20°15.129'N, 103° 02.996'W). The lake lies about 1524 m asl. LCH is the largest lake in Mexico (1,100 kmyr2), but is shallow (zmax = 7.20 m). It is located in a basin belonging to the Citala Rift, the east-west branch of three continental rifts that join to form the so-called Jalisco triple junction. Our working hypothesis is that recent (Holocene) paleolimnological changes in LCH were caused by major climate variations and by minor regional/local processes (e.g. volcanism). We will drill a 40m long core from the lake depocenter, with the objective of recovering a full Holocene record, and likely more, assuming a mean sedimentation rate of 2 mm yr-1. Core chronology will be established using AMS 14C and 210Pb techniques and climate inferences will be made using geochemical, geophysical and micropaleontological proxies. Particularly, we pretend to identify the six "short" fluctuations of climate that characterized the Holocene (Mayewski et al., 2004) and the identification of Mediewal Warm Period and the droughts affected the mayan culture (Hodell et al., 1995). We will verify the application of Ti as a proxy to rainfall (Metcalfe et al., 2010). During the last 10,000 the fact about the dissolution of diatom in LCH sediments must be evaluated (Ryves et al., 2009). The working group is multidisciplinary (Geochemistry, Micropaleontology, Paleolimnology, Geophysics) and involves multiple institutions (Guadalajara University, Mexican National University-UNAM, University of Florida, University of Nebraska-Lincoln). CHAPHOLO is supported by funds from the Mexican government and from the Guadalajara University. The theme of CHAPHOLO is consistent with global environmental programs such as PAGES and CLIVAR. This project will be developed in stages over three years.

  17. Prácticas nutricias en pacientes diabéticos tipo II en el primer nivel de atención. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, Jalisco, México Nutritional practices in type II diabetic patients in primary care. Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Cabrera Pivaral

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Las prácticas nutricias de los diabéticos reflejan el comportamiento humano y la cultura de estos pacientes; representa, además, como el diabético se enfrenta a la enfermedad. El propósito del estudio fué identificar y relacionar las prácticas nutricias con el control metabólico, edad, sexo, escolaridad y tiempo de enfermedad. La muestra fué de 114 casos seleccionados por muestreo aleatorio sistemático de cinco unidades de medicina familiar de Guadalajara elegidas al azar. Utilizando trece preguntas estructuradas, codificadas y cuantificadas tipo Likert se valoró la práctica nutricia con un rango de 0-65. Los resultados muestran que el 21% de los diabéticos tienen adecuadas prácticas nutricias (>31 puntos y su relación con escolaridad y tiempo de enfermedad mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p=0,05. La regresión simple demostró que el 9% del control metabólico se explica por las prácticas nutricias (r= -0,31Nutritional practices of diabetics reflect both human behavior and the health culture of such patients. They also represent how the diabetic deals with the health/illness issue. The purpose of this survey was to identify and relate nutritional practices with metabolic control, age, sex, years of schooling, and time since diagnosis of illness. The sample was taken from 114 cases selected through systematic random sampling in five family practice units in Guadalajara. Using thirteen structured, coded, and quantified questions of the Likert type, the study evaluated nutritional practice with a range of 0-65. Results showed that 21% of the diabetics had appropriate nutritional practices (>31 points, and when related with years of schooling and time since diagnosis of illness, they showed statistically significant differences (p=0.05. Simple regression showed that 9% of metabolic control can be explained by nutritional practices.

  18. Historia natural de Macrotera pipiyolin (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae en la Estación de Biología Chamela, Jalisco, México Natural history of Macrotera pipiyolin (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae in the Estación de Biología Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Rodríguez-Velez

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta información sobre la historia natural de Macrotera pipiyolin; el estudio se realizó en la Estación de Biología Chamela, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, entre junio y agosto de 1994. Las abejas emergieron poco después del inicio de la temporada de lluvias, su pico de actividad fue a principio de julio, presentando alrededor de 35 días activos. La actividad concuerda con la floración de Opuntia excelsa, planta de la que obtiene sus recursos. Las cópulas ocurren sobre las flores y los machos muestran 3 tipos de estrategias reproductivas: macho dominante, subordinado y patrullero. Las hembras son poliándricas y los machos polígamos. Las hembras construyen los nidos generalmente cerca de O. excelsa y tienen una distribución gregaria. Los nidos son simples, con un túnel principal y celdas, las que se cierran y desconectan del tunel una vez que se han aprovisionado y en ellas se ha depositado un huevo. Para la provisión de una celda se requiere de 2 a 18 cargas de polen. El desarrollo de huevo a larva adulta ocurre en 1 mes, posteriormente la larva permanece en este estado aproximadamente por 10 meses, y la pupa se presenta pocos días antes de la emergencia.Information on the natural history of Macrotera pipiyolin in the Estación de Biología Chamela (IBUNAM, based on observations made between June and August 1994 is presented. Bees emerged shortly after the rainy season; their peak of activity was in early July, with 35 days of activity. The activity of the bee is consistent with the flowering of Opuntia excelsa, the plant that provides its resources. Mating occurs on flowers, where males present 3 types of reproductive strategies: dominant, subordinate, and patrolling. Females are polyandrous and males are polygamous. Females usually build nests near O. excelsa and they have a gregarious distribution. The nests are simple with a main tunnel; after cells are provisioned with pollen and an egg is oviposited, they are closed off from the main tunnel. To provide a cell requires from 2 to 18 loads of pollen. The development from egg to larva occurs in 1 month, after which the larvae remain in this state for 10 months and the pupae appear a few days before emergence.

  19. Mexico: Rasgos de Su Historia. (Mexico: Highlights of Its History).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orozco, Cecilio

    Intended for both teachers and students, this publication, written in Spanish, briefly traces Mexico's history from its Conquest in 1519 to the overthrow of Porfirio Diaz in 1910. The following are briefly discussed: Mexico's Conquest in 1519; events immediately after the fall of Tenochtitlan; the War for Independence; Texas' separation from…

  20. Earthquake Damage in Mexico City, Mexico, September 19, 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — On September 19, 1985, a magnitude 8.1 earthquake occurred off the Pacific coast of Mexico. The damage was concentrated in a 25 km2 area of Mexico City, 350 km from...

  1. Mexico 1996. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1996 (Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Salvador

    This paper shares the impressions of a participant from the 1996 Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program in Mexico. These impressions address several current interest topics about international relations with Mexico including: (1) immigration; (2) politics; (3) education; (4) the economy; (5) the environment; (6) the media; (7) religion; and…

  2. Effect of chronic pesticide exposure in farm workers of a Mexico community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payán-Rentería, Rolando; Garibay-Chávez, Guadalupe; Rangel-Ascencio, Raul; Preciado-Martínez, Veronica; Muñoz-Islas, Laura; Beltrán-Miranda, Claudia; Mena-Munguía, Salvador; Jave-Suárez, Luis; Feria-Velasco, Alfredo; De Celis, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    Pesticides are frequently used substances worldwide, even when the use of some of them is forbidden due to the recognized adverse effect they have on the health of not only the people who apply the pesticides, but also of those that consume the contaminated products. The objectives of this study were to know the health issues of farm workers chronically exposed to pesticides, to evaluate possible damage at genetic level, as well as to explore some hepatic, renal, and hematological alterations. A transversal comparative study was performed between 2 groups, one composed of 25 farm workers engaged in pesticide spraying, and a control group of 21 workers not exposed to pesticides; both groups belonged to the Nextipac community in Jalisco, Mexico. Each member of both groups underwent a full medical history. Blood samples were taken from all farm workers in order to obtain a complete blood count and chemistry, clinical chemistry, lipid profile, liver and kidney function tests, erythrocyte cholinesterase quantification, lipid peroxidation profile, and free DNA fragment quantification. For the information analysis, central tendency and dispersion measurements were registered. In order to know the differences between groups, a cluster multivariate method was used, as well as prevalence reasons. The most used pesticides were mainly organophosphates, triazines and organochlorine compounds. The exposed group showed acute poisoning (20% of the cases) and diverse alterations of the digestive, neurological, respiratory, circulatory, dermatological, renal, and reproductive system probably associated to pesticide exposure. More importantly, they presented free DNA fragments in plasma (90.8 vs 49.05 ng/mL) as well as a higher level of lipid peroxidation (41.85 vs. 31.91 nmol/mL) in comparison with those data from unexposed farm workers. These results suggest that there exist health hazards for those farm workers exposed to pesticides, at organic and cellular levels. PMID:22315932

  3. Preliminary results of high resolution magneto-biostratigraphy of continental sequences in Chapala Basin, Southwestern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendez Cardenas, D. L.; Benammi, M.

    2007-05-01

    Chapala Lake is south from Guadalajara, Jalisco State (Southwestern Mexico). Belongs to a series of Pliocenic lakes along the Mexican Volcanic Belt. It is localized in the Chapala rift, and the entire area is controlled by the tectonic setting of the Colima, Tepic and Chapala rifts, constituting the triple junction rift-rift-rift. The deposits studied belong to volcanosedimentary sequences, composed by lacustrine and fluvial associations alternated with units of ash and pumice. The faunistic component reported consists at least of 27 mammals species, and the sediments were there're in have to work with special attention for seek rodents by handpicking. Probably these rodents will be the clue to determine the deposits correlation. Core demagnetization shows that they are low-coercivity magnetic minerals like magnetite or Ti-magnetite. It was verified that the characteristic magnetization corresponds to MNRp and the inversion test resulted good. Rodents are represented by Geomynae, Sigmondontinae and Sciurinae. The Geomynae family is the most common, and the faunistic association indicates Blancan age. This also allows a correlation with the polarity pattern in the GSS between 3,6 and 2,6 Ma. Actually, is known that this kind of studies in continental sequences supported with paleontological record of vertebrates could give us a more precised calibration of the age of such deposits. Allowing better understanding of the evolution of these mammals and their path trough geological record. This work shows the preliminary results of rodents palaeontology and high resolution magneto-stratigraphy in the units from to Chapala Basin.

  4. [Bycatch fish species from shrimp industrial fishery in the Gulf of California, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Martínez, Juana; Herrera-Valdivia, Eloisa; Rodríguez-Romero, Jesús; Hernández-Vázquez, Sergio

    2010-09-01

    Bycatch fish species from shrimp industrial fishery in the Gulf of California, Mexico. The shrimp fishery in the Gulf of California is one the most important activities of revenue and employment for communities. Nevertheless, this fishery has also created a large bycatch problem, principally fish. To asses this issue, a group of observers were placed on board the industrial shrimp fleet and evaluated the Eastern side of the Gulf during 2004 and 2005. Studies consisted on 20kg samples of the capture for each trawl, and made possible a systematic list of species for this geographic area. Fish represented 70% of the capture. A total of 51 101 fish were collected, belonging to two classes, 20 orders, 65 families, 127 genera, and 241 species. The order Perciformes was the most diverse with 31 families, 78 genera, and 158 species. The best represented families by number of species were: Sciaenidae (34) and Paralichthyidae (18) and Haemulidae and Carangidae (16 each). The best represented genera in number of species were Symphurus (nine) and Diplectrum and Cynoscion (six); other important genera were Larimus and Porichthys with five species each. The best represented species in number were Syacium ovale, Pseudupeneus grandisquamis, Haemulopsis nitidos, Diplectrum pacificum, Synodus scituliceps, Balistes polylepis, Eucinostomus currani, Eucinostomus gracilis, Porichthys analis, Chloroscombrus orqueta, Selene peruviana, Orthopristis reddingi, Etropus crossotus, Scorpaena sonorae and Urobatis halleri. The number of recorded species is notably high, compared with demersal fauna of other areas of the Mexican Pacific, such as Gulf of Tehuantepec (178), Nayarit, Michoacán, Guerrero (174, 120 and 166), Jalisco and Colima (161 species), and those of the Western coast of the Baja California Peninsula (220 species).

  5. Mexico's National Educational Videoconferencing Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisanty, Alejandro

    This paper begins with background on the National University of Mexico (UNAM) and its networks. Other distance education projects in Mexico are described, including projects of the Instituto Politecnico Nacional (IPN), the National Distance Education Program operated by the Secretary of Education, and the Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios…

  6. "Mexico in Transition." Curriculum Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oregon Univ., Eugene. Foreign Language Resource Center.

    These curriculum units were developed in a National Endowment for the Humanities 1994 summer seminar "Mexico in Transition." The 23 lessons are written in Spanish. Lessons are entitled: (1) "La Migracion Mexicana Vista a Traves del Cuento 'Paso del Norte' de Juan Rulfo" (Jose Jorge Armendariz); (2) "Los Grupos Indigenas de Mexico: Condiciones…

  7. Zonas hortofrutícolas emergentes en México. ¿Viabilidad de largo plazo o coyuntura de corto plazo?. La producción de aguacate en el sur de Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Macías Macías

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El aguacate es el cultivo que mayor dinamismo registra en el sur del estado de Jalisco en la primera década del siglo XXI. Ello corresponde a los cambios que se vienen dando en la relación comercial entre México y los Estados Unidos, así como a la cercanía de la región con Michoacán, principal zona productora. Esta actividad económica, que se presenta como potencial detonadora de la economía regional, forma parte de un modelo agroindustrial que en aras de la rentabilidad económica, puede resultar depredador de los recursos locales e incrementar los niveles de vulnerabilidad de los territorio de producción, tanto desde el punto de vista económico, como medioambiental.

  8. Mexico: Imports or exports?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation provides an overview of Mexico's energy sector. Proven oil reserves place Mexico in ninth position in the world and fourth largest in natural gas reserves. Energy is one of the most important economic activities of the country, representing 3 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Oil exports represent 8.4 per cent of total exports. Approximately 40 per cent of total public investment is earmarked for energy projects. The author discusses energy resources and energy sector limitations. The energy sector plan for the period 2001-2006 is discussed. Its goals are to ensure energy supply, to develop the energy sector, to stimulate participation of Mexican enterprises, to promote renewable energy sources, and to strengthen international energy cooperation. The regulatory framework is being adapted to increase private investment. Some graphs are presented, displaying the primary energy production and primary energy consumption. Energy sector reforms are reviewed, as are electricity and natural gas reforms. The energy sector demand for 2000-2010 and investment requirements are reviewed, as well as fuel consumption for power generation. The author discusses the National Pipeline System (SNG) and the bottlenecks caused by pressure efficiency in the northeast, flow restriction on several pipeline segments, variability of the Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) own use, and pressure drop on central regions. The entire prospect for natural gas in the country is reviewed, along with the Strategic Gas Program (PEG) consisting of 20 projects, including 4 non-associated natural gas, 9 exploration and 7 optimization. A section dealing with multiple service contracts is included in the presentation. The authors conclude by stating that the priority is a national energy policy to address Mexico's energy security requirements, to increase natural gas production while promoting the diversification of imports, and a regulatory framework to be updated in light of current

  9. Environmental lead in Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albert, L.A.; Badillo, F. (Centro de Ecodesarrollo (Mexico))

    1991-01-01

    From the data presented here, it can be concluded that environmental exposure to lead is a particularly severe problem in Mexico. As has been shown, there are very important sources of exposure to this metal: (a) for rural populations who manufacture and/or utilize lead-glazed pottery, (b) for urban populations who are exposed to high air lead concentrations due to the continued use of lead fuel additives, (c) for workers of several industries, mainly those of batteries and pigments, (d) for consumers who routinely eat canned foods such as hot peppers and fruit products, and (e) for the general population living in the vicinity of smelters, refineries and other industries that emit lead. Therefore, in Mexico only those native populations living in very primitive communities, far away from all civilized life, could be expected to be free from this exposure. At the same time, and despite the relatively few data available, it can be stated that the exposure to lead of populations in Mexico could be approaching levels that might be highly hazardous, in particular for the neuropsychological health of children. Regarding the presence of lead in the environment, despite the fact that the available studies are not enough, it is evident that pollution by this metal is widespread and that there is a serious lack of studies for most regions of the country, including several that might be expected to be highly polluted. At the same time, it is evident that the official attention paid to the problem, either in regulations, support of further studies, or implementation of effective control measures has been far from the level needed according to the available data.

  10. [Health technology in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, C; Faba, G; Martuscelli, J

    1992-01-01

    The features of the health technology cycle are presented, and the effects of the demographic, epidemiologic and economic transition on the health technology demand in Mexico are discussed. The main problems of science and technology in the context of a decreasing scientific and technological activity due to the economic crisis and the adjustment policies are also analyzed: administrative and planning problems, low impact of scientific production, limitations of the Mexican private sector, and the obstacles for technology assessment. Finally, this paper also discusses the main support strategies for science and technology implemented by the Mexican government during the 1980s and the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.

  11. [Psychiatry in ancient Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderón Narváez, G

    1992-12-01

    Using studies on prehispanic and early post-conquest documents of Ancient Mexico--such as the Badianus Manuscript, also known as Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis, and Brother Bernardino de Sahagún's famous work History of the Things of the New Spain, a description of some existing medical and psychiatric problems, and treatments Ancient Aztecs resorted to, is presented. The structure of the Aztec family, their problems with the excessive ingestion of alcoholic beverages, and the punishments native authorities had implemented in order to check alcoholism up are also described. PMID:1341125

  12. Juvenile Justice in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Martha Frías Armenta; Livier Gómez Martínez

    2014-01-01

    The first tribunal in Mexico was established in the central state of San Luis Potosi in 1926. The Law Regarding Social Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency for the Federal District and Mexican territories was promulgated in 1928. In 2005, Article 18 of the Mexican Constitution was modified to establish a comprehensive system (“Sistema Integral de justicia†in Spanish) of justice for juveniles between 12 and 18 years old who had committed a crime punishable under criminal law. Its objective ...

  13. Mexico 68: Official Report

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Intitulé “Mexico 68”, le rapport officiel publié en 1969 atteint un nouveau record avec plus de 2300 pages. Il se compose de quatre principaux volumes (Le pays ; L’organisation ; Les Jeux sportifs ; L’Olympiade culturelle) auxquels s’ajoute un coffret contenant divers souvenirs : médailles, tickets, cartes postales. Ce « cinquième volume » est assez méconnu. Le rapport officiel a été publié en 4 langues, sous la forme de deux éditions bilingues français-anglais et espagnol-allemand. Vol.1 Par...

  14. Port of Altamira, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Croonen, K.; Froeling, D.; Marbus, G.; Bemmel, M. van

    2006-01-01

    Master project report. The Port of Altamira is one of the fast growing ports in the world and is together with Veracruz and Coatzacoalcos one of the biggest ports of Mexico at the Gulf coast. It is an industrial Port with a lot of potential for expanding. However, the breakwaters of the Port extending into the sea caused severe erosion at the downdrift side of the Port (south side). This ongoing erosion is threatening a precious lagoon and some important land. The erosion can also cause a bre...

  15. La introducción del riego hispano colonial y sus repercusiones: El caso de los regantes del Barrio de Tapias en Santa María de los Ángeles, Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Realpozo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Los sistemas de regadío vigentes desde la época colonial en la región Norte de Jalisco, son ejemplos vivos de la estructura social que hizo posible la producción de alimentos en una región con escasa precipitación.La presencia de los colonizadores hispa-nos en la región Norte de Jalisco, sólo puede explicarse a partir de la construcción de obras hidráulicas para la producción de alimentos. Ejemplo de ello son las acequias de común, localizadas en la micro región Colotlán-Santa María de los Ángeles, las cuales, hasta media-dos de los años 70’s del siglo XX, hicieron famosa a la región por la producción de sus huertas para el abasto de frutas como: nogal, membrillo, granado, limas, ciruelas, aguacates, así como una amplia variedad de verduras en la región. La producción agrícola ha estado respaldada por una organización de regantes que tiene como patrono a San Miguel Arcángel. Esta institución, reconocida por su sólida estructura interna desde hace varias décadas, se encuentra en crisis debido a las modificaciones que ha sufrido en la toma de decisiones para dar paso a los cultivos forrajeros que están ganando terreno sobre los cultivos hortícolas. Todo ello, ha provocado fuertes conflictos en la organización interior de los citados regantes. Como resultado de esta crisis estructural, están desapareciendo las acequias, para dar lugar a los espacios urbanos y las implicaciones que ello conlleva.

  16. 21 CFR 808.81 - New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false New Mexico. 808.81 Section 808.81 Food and Drugs... and Local Exemptions § 808.81 New Mexico. The following New Mexico medical device requirement is... from preemption under section 521(b) of the act: New Mexico Statutes Annotated, section 67-36-16(F)....

  17. the case of Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Martínez Carrera

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Food products require efficient marketing systems to move from producers to consumers keeping high quality and price. In many developing countries, although mushroom production is well established and increasing, the marketing systems are poorly understood. During 1999-2004, we studied the channels of distribution for wild and cultivated mushrooms in central Mexico following an institutional approach (550 interviews. Most wild and cultivated mushrooms are marketed within this region. Representative places were selected for this study: a large city (Mexico, two medium cities (Puebla, Toluca, and a rural community (Cuetzalan. Several marketing channels were identified and described, involving middlemen, wholesalers, retailers, “tianguis”, public markets, retail food stores, and food services. The grower’s share, the gatherer’s share, and the mushroom marketing margin were also estimated. The present mushroom marketing system evolved from a small centralized process to a combination of centralized and decentralized marketing processes involving limited activities. During this series of changes, large private enterprises took over several marketing functions supporting the decentralization process, but discouraging the development of new firms specialized in mushroom marketing and processing. At the same time, changes also led to the market concentration of open-market sales in large private enterprises and functional wholesalers. Main structure, organization and trends of the Mexican mushroom marketing system are discussed.

  18. MEXICO Wants to Attract Chinese Tourists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey GUO

    2009-01-01

    @@ Though last year many countries were affected by the global financial crisis,tourism in Mexico enjoyed an increase of 5% in 2008.Aiming at attracting more Chinese tourists to Mexico,on April 7,2009,Ambassador Jorge Guajardo together with Mr.Eligio Serna,China Director of the Mexico Tourism Board,held a conference to introduce Mexico Travel in Mexico Embassy to China,Beijing.

  19. P-Wave Velocity Tomography from Local Earthquakes in Western Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochoa-Chávez, Juan A.; Escudero, Christian R.; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco J.; Bandy, William L.

    2015-11-01

    In western Mexico, the subduction of the Rivera and Cocos plates beneath the North America plate has deformed and fragmented the overriding plate, forming several structural rifts and crustal blocks. To obtain a reliable subsurface image of the continental crust and uppermost mantle in this complex area, we used P-wave arrivals of local earthquakes along with the Fast Marching Method tomography technique. We followed an inversion scheme consisting of (1) the use of a high-quality earthquake catalog and corrected phase picks, (2) the selection of earthquakes using a maximum location error threshold, (3) the estimation of an improved 1-D reference velocity model, and (4) the use of checkerboard testing to determine the optimum configuration of the velocity nodes and inversion parameters. Surprisingly, the tomography results show a very simple δVp distribution that can be described as being controlled by geologic structures formed during two stages of the separation of the Rivera and Cocos plates. The earlier period represents the initial stages of the separation of the Rivera and Cocos plates beneath western Mexico; the later period represents the more advanced stage of rifting where the Rivera and Cocos plates had separated sufficiently to allow melt to accumulate below the Colima Volcanic complex. During the earlier period (14 or 10-1.6 Ma), NE-SW-oriented structures/lineaments (such as the Southern Colima Rift) were formed as the two plates separated. During the second period (1.6 Ma to the present), the deformation is attributed to magma, generated within and above the tear zone between the Rivera and Cocos plates, rising beneath the region of the Colima Volcanic Complex. The rising magma fractured the overlying crust, forming a classic triple-rift junction geometry. This triple-rift system is confined to the mid- to lower crust perhaps indicating that this rifting process is still in an early stage. This fracturing, along with fluid circulation and associated

  20. P-Wave Velocity Tomography from Local Earthquakes in Western Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochoa-Chávez, Juan A.; Escudero, Christian R.; Núñez-Cornú, Francisco J.; Bandy, William L.

    2016-10-01

    In western Mexico, the subduction of the Rivera and Cocos plates beneath the North America plate has deformed and fragmented the overriding plate, forming several structural rifts and crustal blocks. To obtain a reliable subsurface image of the continental crust and uppermost mantle in this complex area, we used P-wave arrivals of local earthquakes along with the Fast Marching Method tomography technique. We followed an inversion scheme consisting of (1) the use of a high-quality earthquake catalog and corrected phase picks, (2) the selection of earthquakes using a maximum location error threshold, (3) the estimation of an improved 1-D reference velocity model, and (4) the use of checkerboard testing to determine the optimum configuration of the velocity nodes and inversion parameters. Surprisingly, the tomography results show a very simple δVp distribution that can be described as being controlled by geologic structures formed during two stages of the separation of the Rivera and Cocos plates. The earlier period represents the initial stages of the separation of the Rivera and Cocos plates beneath western Mexico; the later period represents the more advanced stage of rifting where the Rivera and Cocos plates had separated sufficiently to allow melt to accumulate below the Colima Volcanic complex. During the earlier period (14 or 10-1.6 Ma), NE-SW-oriented structures/lineaments (such as the Southern Colima Rift) were formed as the two plates separated. During the second period (1.6 Ma to the present), the deformation is attributed to magma, generated within and above the tear zone between the Rivera and Cocos plates, rising beneath the region of the Colima Volcanic Complex. The rising magma fractured the overlying crust, forming a classic triple-rift junction geometry. This triple-rift system is confined to the mid- to lower crust perhaps indicating that this rifting process is still in an early stage. This fracturing, along with fluid circulation and associated

  1. New Mexico, 2010 Census Place

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  2. New Mexico Urban Areas - Current

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Shapefiles are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census MAF/TIGER database. The Census MAF/TIGER database...

  3. New Mexico, 2010 Congressional Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  4. Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia dataset

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Gulf of Mexico cruise, nearshore and CTD data collected by the USEPA during 2002 - 2008 This dataset is associated with the following publications: Pauer , J., T....

  5. MARKETING WINTER VEGETABLES FROM MEXICO

    OpenAIRE

    Calvin, Linda; Barrios, Veronica

    1999-01-01

    The North American winter-vegetable industry is highly integrated, with Mexican production supplying a large part of U.S. winter consumption needs. Imports from Mexico undergo a rigorous inspection procedure before entering the United States. In addition to Mexican firms, many U.S. firms are also involved in sourcing winter vegetables from Mexico. To compete well, both U.S. and Mexican firms must adapt to the changing market pressures, which reward firms that can source from many locations to...

  6. Oil and Gas in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Víctor Gerardo Carreón Rodríguez; Juan Rosellón

    2012-01-01

    Mexico is a highly centralized federation. The states and municipalities are highly dependent on federal transfers and so equally at risk to the country’s fiscal dependence on oil. Although Mexico has become more truly federal since multiparty competition has become vibrant and several states are in opposition hands, the states remain very minor actors in relation to oil and gas. However, as the political system has democratized, states have had an increasing say regarding oil and gas activit...

  7. Transportation energy use in Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheinbaum, C.; Meyers, S.; Sathaye, J.

    1994-07-01

    This report presents data on passenger travel and freight transport and analysis of the consequent energy use in Mexico during the 1970--1971 period. We describe changes in modal shares for passenger travel and freight transport, and analyze trends in the energy intensity of different modes. We look in more detail at transportation patterns, energy use, and the related environmental problems in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area, and also discuss policies that have been implemented there to reduce emissions from vehicles.

  8. Genesis and Characteristics of Debris Flow Ocurred in 2013 in the Atenquique Ravine, Located on the Eastern Slope of the Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Flores-Pena, S.; Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Arreola-Ochoa, L. C.; Suarez-Gonzalez, B. V.

    2014-12-01

    Hurricane Manuel affected the Pacific coast of Mexico on September 15 and 16, 2013 causing heavy rainfall of about 240 mm in a 24 hour period in the area of the Volcanic Complex (VC). Heavy rainfall led to the beginning of a significant flow of mud and rocks draining from the Atenquique Creek, located on the eastern slope of the VC in a west east direction. The result of this flow was the heavy damage sustained by the local paper plant located next to the town of Atenquique in the distal part of the basin where the stream is gathered by the Tuxpan River. Damages totaling over 15 million dollars affected a large part in their recycled fibers factory, resulting in an 18-month full stoppage of the factory. This in turn caused a heavy setback of the economy located within a large region of the southern state of Jalisco. Once again on November 25, debris flow occurred only at a lower volume than the September rains, without causing any damage. Both flows contained a viscous and solid liquid flow that left deposits of silt-sandy clasts and other abundant materials of reverse gradation. The first flow reached a thickness of 4.5 m in the Tuxpan riverbed over a length of about 15 km, while the November flow left behind 1.3 m of fine materials and few clasts. The Atenquique ravine historically has had debris flow caused by heavy rainfall from hurricanes. On October 1955 debris flow claimed many deaths and heavy damage to the town and local paper mill. These flows are generated in the summer and they are associated to several factors such as weather, steep slopes, unstable volcanic strata, these elements add an important environmental history in the area, as is the use of continuous deforestation. The current land use has resulted in a positive change from forest to intensive agriculture; but having constant wildfires on the high slopes of the VC and the combination of many other factors such as changes on the soil of the slopes and movement of geological material "scarps and

  9. Governability in Contemporary Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Curzio Gutiérrez

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Given the difficulties to establish a concept of governability and the frequent ideological usage of the term, it is much more operative to turn to the principle of governability, in the broad sense, which supports itself on five pillars: the political legitimacy of the government, the governmental efficiency to attend to the demands of society, the existence of shared social project, the agreement with the principle special interest groups, and international viability. The analysis of the structure and relevance of these five points during the long period of political transition that Mexico underwent between 1988 and 1997 shows how it was possible for this country to play off certain factors against each other in order to secure governability and safeguard against the consequences of any resultant imbalances. Between 1998-1993, the government of Salinas de Gotari based itself on the viability of a neoliberal project within an international context, and on this projectís attention to domestic demands as well as on the governmentís pact with elites. Institutional integration and legitimacy made up, then, for a process of discreet liberalization and the lack of democratic electoral commitment, which culminated in the PRI’s 1994 elections victory.The assassination of Colosia, though, and the appearance of the EZLN and the subsequent crisis surrounding the peso’s devaluation that accompanied Ernesto Zedilloís rise to power soon led to the collapse of those pillars of support. Crowning the process of the silenttransition were the elections of 1997, which makes it possible to say that in Mexico today there are now smooth elections, but that reform of the State is still unresolved —a subject that includes the reduction of the president’s competence. Seen in the short term, the most direct threats to Mexico’s governability will come as a result of the lack of attention to those demands of society’s underprivileged and the ill

  10. [Health manpower in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martuscelli, J

    1986-01-01

    Population increase, rural-to-urban migration, excessive population concentration side by side with scattered rural populations, and the economic crisis provide the primary framework for this analysis of health manpower in Mexico. The secondary frame of reference is the primary causes of mortality (in 1981): the leading cause, accidents and violence; the second, heart disease; the third, influenza and pneumonia; and the fourth, enteric diseases and diarrheas. Data are supplied on the number of new physicians graduating (this number rose from 2,493 in 1976 to 14,099 in 1983), and on the number of nurses (about 98,000, of which 40% are professionals). The growth pattern of the contingent of dentists is the same as that of physicians, namely, disproportionate and inefficient. The Federal Government is now trying to set up a National Health System that will fulfill the constitutional right of all Mexican citizens to health protection. On the basis of the disequilibrium apparent in every part of the health sector, the author recommends that educational and health institutions plan and coordinate the training of physicians so that the number of graduates may meet the country's needs, and the quality of their education may be improved.

  11. Mecanismos de Democracia Directa en Jalisco, México: entre la contención, la simulación y la manipulación ciudadana. Cuatro estudios de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rigoberto Soria Romo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza la instrumentación de diversos Mecanismos de Democracia Directa (MDD aplicados en el estado de Jalisco, México. Dichos MDD son el referéndum, el plebiscito y la iniciativa popular, a los que se agrega la revocación de mandato reglamentado por el Ayuntamiento de Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, municipio del mismo estado. El propósito declarado de los MDD es elevar la calidad de la democracia vía mayor participación ciudadana. Sin embargo, se concluye en el presente trabajo que el tránsito a la democracia participativa es un camino lleno de obstáculos legales, trámites burocráticos, intereses de grupos de poder, interpretación conceptual e instrumentación práctica, entre otros. Una segunda conclusión es que los MDD, aunque se conciben como un avance democrático, en la realidad pueden dar origen regresiones históricas que se creían superadas. Las anteriores conclusiones se desprenden del análisis de cuatro casos que aplican diversos MDD: el referéndum contra el incremento en el pasaje del transporte público en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara (ZMG, Jalisco; la aplicación del plebiscito, para evitar el uso de vialidades en Guadalajara, para instalar la línea dos del Macrobús (sistema de transporte articulado, técnicamente conocido como BRT; la iniciativa popular, “A favor de la familia”, que pretendía delimitar el concepto de familia a “aquella conformada por un padre, una madre y sus hijos”. Finalmente, se analiza el ejercicio de revocación de mandato efectuado en el municipio de Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, sus resultados y críticas. La metodología utilizada es la de multicaso y se forja un marco teórico en base a tratadistas como Lissidini (2010, Ziccardi (2008, Salazar y Wolderberg (1997, Merino (1995, Prud’Homme (2001 entre otros. Los análisis de estos casos pretenden ser la base de propuestas para enriquecer tanto la teoría, la legislación y la práctica de la participaci

  12. 76 FR 58772 - Safety & Security Trade Mission; Mexico City and Monterrey, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-22

    ... participate in the mission from the applicant pool. U.S. companies already doing business in Mexico as well as... potential for business in Mexico, including likelihood of exports resulting from the trade mission... International Trade Administration Safety & Security Trade Mission; Mexico City and Monterrey, Mexico...

  13. HSIP Fire Stations in New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Fire Stations in New Mexico Any location where fire fighters are stationed or based out of, or where equipment that such personnel use in carrying out their jobs is...

  14. New Mexico Museums and Cultural Centers

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the locations of museums and cultural centers in New Mexico, in point form, with limited attributes, compiled using...

  15. New Mexico HUC-10 Boundaries - 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a complete digital hydrologic unit boundary layer to the watershed (10-digit) 10th level for the State of New Mexico. This data set consists of...

  16. Manitos and Chicanos in Nuevo Mexico Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Flaviano Chris

    1974-01-01

    The article briefly reviews New Mexico's political history, surveys the present socio-political status of its Spanish speaking population, and examines the effects of the Chicano Movimiento on Manitos in New Mexico. (NQ)

  17. 2009 Swine Flu Originated in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_159679.html 2009 Swine Flu Originated in Mexico Genetic analysis pinpoints source of the pandemic influenza ... in pigs in a small region of central Mexico, a new study reports. Researchers used genetic analysis ...

  18. Mexico Terrain Corrected Free Air Anomalies (97)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This 2' gravity anomaly grid for Mexico, North-Central America and the Western Caribbean Sea is NOT the input data set used in the development of the MEXICO97...

  19. Biological pest control in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Trevor; Arredondo-Bernal, Hugo C; Rodríguez-del-Bosque, Luis A

    2013-01-01

    Mexico is a megadiverse country that forms part of the Mesoamerican biological corridor that connects North and South America. Mexico's biogeographical situation places it at risk from invasive exotic insect pests that enter from the United States, Central America, or the Caribbean. In this review we analyze the factors that contributed to some highly successful past programs involving classical biological control and/or the sterile insect technique (SIT). The present situation is then examined with reference to biological control, including SIT programs, targeted at seven major pests, with varying degrees of success. Finally, we analyze the current threats facing Mexico's agriculture industry from invasive pests that have recently entered the country or are about to do so. We conclude that despite a number of shortcomings, Mexico is better set to develop biological control-based pest control programs, particularly on an area-wide basis, than many other Latin American countries are. Classical and augmentative biological control and SIT-based programs are likely to provide effective and sustainable options for control of native and exotic pests, particularly when integrated into technology packages that meet farmers' needs across the great diversity of production systems in Mexico.

  20. Aztec Mexico: Discovery of Templo Mayor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breslav, Marc

    1982-01-01

    Describes the Aztec archaeological artifacts shown in the American Museum of Natural History exhibit: "Aztec Mexico: Discovery of Templo Mayor." More than 100 objects, ranging from human skulls to jewelry, found in the excavation of the Great Temple of Mexico located under the center of Mexico City, were displayed. (AM)

  1. Mexico and China:Strategic Trade Parthers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jorge Guajardo

    2008-01-01

    @@ In recent years,trade between Mexico and China has grown dynamically with an average annual growth of 36.7%.Mexico and China are both major world economies and China is the second largest trading partner of Mexico.Our two countries have been committed to deepening strategic partnership,cementing the basis for cooperation in all areas with fruitful outcome achieved.

  2. Digital Geologic Map of New Mexico - Formations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The geologic map was created in GSMAP at Socorro, New Mexico by Orin Anderson and Glen Jones and published as the Geologic Map of New Mexico 1:500,000 in GSMAP...

  3. New Mexico Charter Schools Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Mexico Public Education Department, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, the New Mexico legislature passed changes to the Charter School Act that provided more accountability for both charters and authorizers in New Mexico. As part of that law, the Public Education Department (PED) is asked to submit an annual report on the status of charter schools in New Mexico. This is the first report submitted under that…

  4. Working without a Union in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adele, Niame; Rack, Christine

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors provide a description of the academic climate in New Mexico. Like many other places in the world today, New Mexico is trying to find an identity in an environment that the authors label "increasingly privatized, corporatized, and militarized." New Mexico's higher education salaries are lower than those in other states.…

  5. Optics and the mechanical system of the 62-cm telescope at the Severo Díaz Galindo Observatory in Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Fuente, Eduardo; Nuñez, J. Manuel; Zazueta, Salvador; Ibarra, Salomon Eduardo; García, Benjamin; Martínez, Benjamin; Ochoa, José Luis; Sierra, Gerardo; Lazo, Fransisco; Hirart, David; Corral, Luis; Flores, Jorge L.; Almaguer, Jaime; Kemp, Simon; Navarro, Silvana G.; Nigoche-Netro, Alberto; Ramos-Larios, Gerardo; Phillips, John Peter; Chávez, Arturo; García-Torales, Guillermo; Blanco Alonso, Oscar; Oceguera-Becerra, Tomas; de Alba, Durruty; Bautista, Ruben

    2012-09-01

    We present the results of a modification performed in the optical system of the 62 cm telescope (f/14.32) at observatory “Severo Díaz Galindo” Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico. This modification consists of a change of distance between the primary and secondary mirrors from 1020 to 1135 mm. With this, a change in the image plane from 5200 mm to 600 mm, measured from the vertex of the primary mirror, is obtained. The latter allow to get the first astronomical images of The Telescope. This modification was necessary because alignment errors, such as distance between primary and secondary mirrors in the original system were presented. Besides, the telescope has a new accurate and adequate mechanical system installed on November 2011. Details and the first images obtained, are here presented.

  6. CERN servers go to Mexico

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

    On Wednesday, 26 August, 384 servers from the CERN Computing Centre were donated to the Faculty of Science in Physics and Mathematics (FCFM) and the Mesoamerican Centre for Theoretical Physics (MCTP) at the University of Chiapas, Mexico.   CERN’s Director-General, Rolf Heuer, met the Mexican representatives in an official ceremony in Building 133, where the servers were prepared for shipment. From left to right: Frédéric Hemmer, CERN IT Department Head; Raúl Heredia Acosta, Deputy Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations and International Organizations in Geneva; Jorge Castro-Valle Kuehne, Ambassador of Mexico to the Swiss Confederation and the Principality of Liechtenstein; Rolf Heuer, CERN Director-General; Luis Roberto Flores Castillo, President of the Swiss Chapter of the Global Network of Qualified Mexicans Abroad; Virginia Romero Tellez, Coordinator of Institutional Relations of the Swiss Chapter of the Global Network of Qualified Me...

  7. Operating private hospitals in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barcie, Joseph S

    2015-01-01

    Mexico is one of the richest countries in Latin America and over the last several decades there have been many changes in the healthcare delivery systems, from universal healthcare coverage for all Mexicans to the fast paced expansion of private healthcare. Like many countries, Mexico has both private and public health systems and hospital administrators are facing challenges on multiple fronts in addition to facing exciting new opportunities. In this article you will get a bird's eye view of this ever changing panorama. How the new growing middle class consumerism has impacted physicians, health insurance and private healthcare industry. PMID:26521381

  8. Astronomy for teachers in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro, J.

    2006-08-01

    Mexico has added five more years of compulsory education to its national education system. In the past it only included six year of elementary (grammar) school. Now three years of pre school (kinder garden) and three years of middle school are being implemented. At present an optional course on astronomy if offered in high school (pre college). During my presentation I shall discuss problems concerning education in Mexico; mainly the lack of continuity in different levels of education, the lack of teacher training in science in general and the few topics of astronomy that are addressed. I shall mention for teacher training and public education, which includes books, lectures and videos.

  9. Uso de la plataforma educativa Moodle en los procesos de capacitación de maestros de Educación Indígena en Jalisco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis René Tabor Sinaí Muñoz García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación describe el contexto de los maestros de Educación Indígena del Estado de Jalisco y los factores que dificultan el proceso de capacitación. El objetivo es generar alternativas que mejoren la capacitación y lograr una mejoría del docente en las comunidades marginadas. Este estudio propone un modelo de capacitación a distancia con el uso de la plataforma Moodle, para lo cual se aplicó un instrumento para analizar la aceptación de la tecnología por parte de docentes de educación indígena. Los hallazgos muestran que a pesar del desconocimiento del concepto de la educación en línea y falta de experiencia con esta herramienta, el maestro acepta que mediante esta innovación puede mejorar las condiciones de capacitación y de su contexto educativo.

  10. Impacto de la reforma en la legislación sobre consumo de alcohol y conducción en Guadalajara y Zapopan, Jalisco, México: una mirada en el corto plazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Gómez-García

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los municipios de Guadalajara y Zapopan, Jalisco, México, han participado en los esfuerzos para reducir la incidencia de las lesiones causadas por el tránsito a lo largo de los años. Así, han sido partícipes de la Iniciativa Mexicana de Seguridad Vial desde 2008, y en septiembre de 2010 entró en vigor la reducción del límite legal de alcoholemia para conducir vehículos de motor. Con el fin de evaluar el impacto en el corto plazo de estas dos acciones en la ocurrencia de colisiones y lesiones, relacionadas con el consumo de alcohol, así como la gravedad de las mismas, se realizó un análisis secundario de las bases de datos oficiales de mortalidad, morbilidad y eventos viales. Se realizó un análisis de series de tiempo, con el objetivo de analizar la tendencia. Se observaron cambios significativos en el porcentaje mensual de muertes asociadas con alcohol y en la tasa de choques a partir de la aplicación de estas intervenciones. Se realizan diversas recomendaciones para mejorar la aplicación y resultados de esta reforma.

  11. ANÁLISIS SOCIOECONÓMICO DE LA CUENCA DEL RIO CUALE, JALISCO, MÉXICO: UNA CONTRIBUCIÓN PARA LA DECLARACIÓN DEL ÁREA NATURAL PROTEGIDA RESERVA DE LA BIOSFERA EL CUALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Téllez López

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Durante los meses de enero a mayo de 2013, a través de la metodología propuesta por Alciaturi (2009; se realizó el análisis de los factores socioeconómicos involucrados en la cuenca del rio Cuale, Jalisco, México. Los resultados incluyeron aspectos relacionados con la dinámica demográfica, grado de marginación, nivel educativo, población económicamente activa, principales actividades económicas, comunidades rurales, descripción socioeconómica, potenciales de los recursos naturales, usos y aprovechamientos actuales; así como la situación jurídica de la tenencia de la tierra. El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer cómo estos factores inciden sobre los recursos naturales de la cuenca. Con la finalidad de utilizar esta información para establecer la declaratoria del Área Natural Protegida Reserva de la Biosfera El Cuale, que es una herramienta que puede ayudar a asegurar la conservación de esta zona. Por lo tanto, se han incluido elementos de análisis social, económico y ambiental, puesto que estos factores han resultado determinantes en los procesos que inciden en la deforestación y cambio de uso de suelo.

  12. Opportunity for America: Mexico`s coal future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loose, V.W.

    1993-09-01

    This study examines the history, current status and future prospects for increased coal use in Mexico. Environmental implications of the power-generation capacity expansion plans are examined in general terms. Mexican environmental law and regulations are briefly reviewed along with the new sense of urgency in the cleanup of existing environmental problems and avoidance of new problems as clearly mandated in recent Mexican government policy initiatives. It is expected that new capital facilities will need to incorporate the latest in process and technology to comply with existing environmental regulation. Technology developments which address these issues are identified. What opportunities have new initiatives caused by the recent diversification of Mexico`s energy economy offered US firms? This report looks at the potential future use of coal in the Mexican energy economy, examining this issue with an eye toward identifying markets that might be available to US coal producers and the best way to approach them. Market opportunities are identified by examining new developments in the Mexican economy generally and the energy economy particularly. These developments are examined in light of the current situation and the history which brought Mexico to its present status.

  13. Juvenile Justice in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Frías Armenta

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The first tribunal in Mexico was established in the central state of San Luis Potosi in 1926. The Law Regarding Social Prevention and Juvenile Delinquency for the Federal District and Mexican territories was promulgated in 1928. In 2005, Article 18 of the Mexican Constitution was modified to establish a comprehensive system (“Sistema Integral de justicia” in Spanish of justice for juveniles between 12 and 18 years old who had committed a crime punishable under criminal law. Its objective was to guarantee juveniles all the due process rights established for adults, in addition to the special ones recognized for minors. The constitutional reform also provides a framework that includes special tribunals as well as alternative justice options for juveniles. With these reforms, institutionalization of minors was to be considered an extreme measure applicable only to felonies and to juveniles older than 14. In 2006, all states within the Mexican federation enacted the “Law of justice for adolescents”. This system, at both the federal and state levels, formalizes a new global paradigm with regard to the triangular relationship between children, the State and the Law. It recognizes that children are also bearers of the inherent human rights recognized for all individuals, instead of simply objects in need of protection. However, despite formally aligning Mexican juvenile justice law with the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, issues of actual substantive rights remained and new ones have appeared. For example, juveniles younger than 14 who have not committed a felony are released from institutions without any rehabilitation or treatment options, and alternative forms of justice were included without evaluating their possibilities of application or their conditions for success. In addition, the economic status of most juvenile detainees continues to be one of the most important determining factors in the administration of justice

  14. The People of New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Sigurd

    The bulletin provides data on New Mexico's population. Information is given on population size, distribution, and composition; topography and climate; urban and rural population changes; racial and ethnic characteristics; age and sex composition; fertility and mortality; population mobility; nativity; income; marital status; and education. A brief…

  15. Structural Damage in Mexico City

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, John F; Beck, James L.

    1986-01-01

    This paper describes the structural damage in Mexico City caused by the September 19, 1985 earthquake. Photographs which illustrate various features of structural behavior are included. One explanation is presented as to why buildings with fundamental periods of elastic vibration considerably below the predominant two‐second period of the ground motion were most vulnerable to damage.

  16. Pemex and Mexico's mixed emotions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pemex, Mexico's state owned oil company, has long been a byword for overmanning, inefficiency, disregard for the environment and for having all the ills of state incorporation, with few of the benefits. Matters, however, are changing. Pemex wants to be normal. (author)

  17. Sustainable potato production in Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haverkort, A.J.; Wiersema, S.G.

    2007-01-01

    The Memorandum of Understanding between the ministries of agriculture of Mexico and the Netherlands is aimed at strengthening cooperation in the field of research and development between the two countries. Within this framework CONPAPA, Sabritas, INIFAP and Wageningen University established contacts

  18. Mexico: swapping crude for atoms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mexico, considered the Saudi Arabia of the Western Hemisphere because of its proven and potential petroleum reserves, has surprised the world: it has embarked on the biggest nuclear-electric program in the Third World, only to postpone it days before scheduled approval of an international bidding (on which the atomic energy industry had pinned its hopes). A graph shows Mexican supplies of electricity by source with official projections to 1990. The point of entrance of the first nuclear reactor, originally scheduled for 1982, won't come onstream until 1983; and how nuclear-generated electricity grows close to 5% of the total in 1990. The big question is, will the future President of Mexico give the green light to the atomic megaproject. And if he does, how will Mexico deal with the serious logistics problems and grave ecological implications confronting the industry worldwide. In this issue, the author and Energy Detente touch on these questions and review the nuclear power status of Mexico, as well as addressing some of its global problems. Also presented in this issue is an update of the fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries

  19. Revitalizing Communities in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitzl, Jerry

    2011-01-01

    The New Mexico Rural Revitalization Initiative (NMRRI), an innovative program to enhance the growth and development of rural communities, involves schools and students as part of a holistic approach. The program requires community members to take responsibility for revitalizing their economy and fosters an entrepreneurial spirit among students.

  20. The Geography Olympiad in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Garcia, Fernando

    2007-01-01

    The formal organisation of science Olympiads in Mexico dates from 1987, when a national contest on Mathematics was held in order to identify a team to represent the country in the International Mathematics Olympiad. In 1991, the Mexican Academy of Sciences ("Academia Mexicana de Ciencias"-AMC) created the National Science Olympiads Program with…

  1. Alternative Education Spaces in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Chloe

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the architecture of the Red de Innovacion y Aprendizaje (RIA), or Learning and Innovation Network, which is a group of education centres that provide access to computers, the Internet and quality education to low-income communities in Mexico. The RIA began in May 2009 when ten pilot centres were opened in four municipalities…

  2. Mexico:A Golden Opportunity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey Guo

    2010-01-01

    @@ Mexico is the second largest producer of silver in the world and is ranked among the too 12 countries in terms of production of eighteen types of minerals. It has become one of the most internationally competitive countries for mining at the same time as the sector has taken on a key role in the country's own economic growth.

  3. 78 FR 70630 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... SEGURIDAD PRIVADA, S.A. DE C.V., Mexialtzingo 1964, Col. Americana, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44150, Mexico; RFC... Tlalpan, Mexico, D.F., Mexico; DOB 11 Dec 1961; POB Fresnillo, Zacatecas, Mexico; nationality Mexico; Tax ID No. 06796108238 (Mexico); C.U.R.P. LOHM611211HZSZRG11 (Mexico) (individual) . 2. VILLA...

  4. Anaglyph, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    This anaglyph (stereoscopic view) of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula was generated entirely from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data, and shows a subtle but distinctive indication of the Chicxulub impact crater. Most scientists now agree that this impact was the cause of the Cretatious-Tertiary extinction, the event 65 million years ago that marked the demise of the dinosaurs as well as the majority of life then on Earth. The crater's rim is marked by a shallow semicircular depression arcing about an offshore center point in the upper left of the picture. (The arcing depression is just above the blue line, when viewed with the naked eye.) This depression, or trough, only about 3 to 5 meters (10 - 15 feet) deep and about 5 kilometers (3 miles) wide, was likely caused by collapse of limestone caverns preferentially above the crater rim, resulting in an arcing chain of sinkholes. The limestone that covers most of the Yucatan Peninsula post-dates the impact crater. However, the crater pattern apparently controls the subsidence pattern just enough to show through.This anaglyph was created by deriving a shaded relief image from the SRTM data, draping it back over the SRTM elevation model, and then generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. Illumination is from the north (top). When viewed through special glasses, the anaglyph is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter. The total relief (range of elevations) across this entire image is less than 300 meters (1000 feet).Elevation data used in this image were acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on Feb. 11, 2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM was

  5. Hydrothermal Petroleum in Active Continental Rift: Lake Chapala, Western Mexico, Initial Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarate-del Valle, P. F.; Simoneit, B. R.; Ramirez-Sanchez, H. U.

    2003-12-01

    Lake Chapala in western Mexico is located partially in the Citala Rift, which belongs to the well-known neotectonic Jalisco continental triple junction. The region is characterized by active volcanism (Ceboruco, Volcan de Fuego), tectonic (1995 earthquake, M=8, 40-50 mm to SW) and hydrothermal (San Juan Cosala & Villa Corona spas and La Calera sinter deposit) activities. Hydrothermal petroleum has been described in active continental rift (East African Rift) and marine spreading zones (Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California). In 1868 the Mexican local press reported that manifestations of bitumen were appearing in front of the Columba Cap on the mid south shore of Lake Chapala. This bitumen is linked to the lake bottom and when the water level decreases sufficiently it is possible to access these tar bodies as islands. Because of these manifestations the Mexican oil company (PEMEX) drilled an exploration well (2,348m) at Tizapan El Alto without success. Hydrothermal activity is evident in the tar island zone as three in-shore thermal springs (26.8 m depth, 48.5° C, pH 7.8 and oriented N-S). The preliminary analyses by GC-MS of the tar from these islands indicate hydrothermal petroleum derived from lake sedimentary organic matter, generated at low temperatures (150° -200° C). The tars contain no n-alkanes, no PAH or other aromatics, but a major UCM of branched and cyclic hydrocarbons and mature biomarkers derived from lacustrine biota. The biomarkers consist of mainly 17α (H),21β (H)-hopanes ranging from C27 to C34 (no C28), gammacerane, tricyclic terpanes (C20-C26), carotane and its cracking products, and drimanes (C14-C16). The biomarker composition indicates an organic matter source from bacteria and algae, typical of lacustrine ecosystems. 14C dating of samples from two tar islands yielded ages exceeding 40 kyrs, i.e., old carbon from hydrothermal/tectonic remobilization of bitumen from deeper horizons to the surface. The occurrence of hydrothermal petroleum in

  6. Geothermal activity at continental rift Citala, Western Mexico, where Lake Chapala is emplaced: past and present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zárate-del Valle, P. F.

    2003-04-01

    Lake Chapala is a tectonic lake developed on a continental rift named Citala (CRC) which belongs to a tectonically active zone in Western Mexico: the so-called Jalisco continental triple junction. Fossil sinter deposit, thermal spring, hydrothermal (hy) petroleum manifestation and hy alteration halo characterized the Lake Chapala basin. On the SE shore, outcrops a carbonate deposit named ``La Calera" (LC) which consists of a carbonate fossil sinter that measures 2 km in E-W direction and 600 m in N-S direction and overlays andesitic rock. With a thickness of approximately 5 m and a roughly horizontal attitude, the LC is characterized by a two-fold structure: when massive, it is colored in yellow brownish and grey and elsewhere it shows a pseudo-brecciated structure and when banded, yellow and dark millimetre alternated bands can be seen. The LC is marked by vuggy porosity and silica (quartz and chalcedony) vein lets. Under microscope a pseudo-micritic texture is observed; vugs coated by iron oxides, are filled with calcite, and/or quartz, chalcedony and clay minerals. Six samples of LC were analysed (LODC-UParis VI) for their stable isotopes (δ18O and δ13C): From δ13C{PDB} values we have two sets of data: -8.03 to -8.69 ppm that means a no contribution of organic carbon (oc) and -0.35 to -0.75 ppm meaning an important contribution of oc; from δ18O{PDB} values: -8.5 to -10.27 ppm we deduced a deposit in meteoric water with a temperature deposition higher than the surface. The CRC is characterized also by the presence of hydrothermal petroleum (hp): Inside the Chapala and ˜2 km from SE shore (Los Arcos) there are some small spots made of hp which look like islands (lake which consist of solid bitumen. Thermal springs (ths) occur both inside and outside the lake Chapala: the water in out-shore ths is of carbonate type (69^oC; ˜ 240 mg L-1 [HCO_3]^-; with one exception: the ths at the San Juan Cosalá spa (N shore), which is of sulphate type (64-83^oC; ˜479 mg L

  7. Silica Biogenic Dissolution in Sediment of Lake Chapala, Mexico and the 'dilemma of Dissapearing Diatoms'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarate, P. F.; Ramirez Sanchez, H.; Israde-Alcantara, I.

    2013-12-01

    Neotectonic Lake Chapala (LC) is in the Citala Rift of western Mexico, which in association with the Tepic-Zacoalco and Colima Rifts, form the well-known neotectonic Jalisco continental triple junction (JNTJ), that is located at the western end of the Transmexican Volcanic Belt geological province (major andesitic composition) and was generated by the activity of a Pleistocene continental arc. The mean lake level is 1526 m above sea level with a mean depth of 4 m. Due to the shallowness and wind action the LC water is well mixed. The sedimentation rate (SR) throughout LC is not uniform. The SR from west to east varies from ≤2 to ≤4 mm a-1 (based on 210Pb, 137Cs and 240Pu). Terrigenous minerals of a feldspathic affinity (Si/Al ratio 2-3) dominate the infilling at Lake Chapala, with a granulometric media ranging from 10 to 50 μm in diameter. Hydrogeochemistry data is showed in Table 1. At LC there are also in-shore and off-shore geothermal manifestations of carbonate type (193 and 263 mg*L-1) and only one site with sulfated type (≥479 mg*L-1 of SO-24). Biological proxies like diatoms and pollen occur over the last 600 years B.P. at LC and provide information about the paleoenvironmental conditions in the late Holocene. Although vegetation changes cannot be interpreted with precision due to the high silica dissolution of diatoms, it is possible to make some inferences. The major diatom taxa are epiphytic, dominated by Surirella, Nitzschia, Amphora and Campylodiscus: evidence for a wide belt of submerged vegetation. Diatom remains show dissolution and ulterior fragmentation. The diatoms in the last 100 years B.P. are characterized by Stephanodiscus aff. nemanensis and Cyclostephanus, where the latter has been associated with elevated levels of eutrophication. The phenomena of silica biogenic dissolution (cf. diatom and phytolithes) in sediment of LC is preliminarly associated to alkaline values of pH (7,20-9,45), salinity and carbonate concentration.Lake Chapala

  8. 9 CFR 93.427 - Cattle from Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cattle from Mexico. 93.427 Section 93... CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Ruminants Mexico 10 § 93.427 Cattle from Mexico. (a) Cattle and other ruminants imported from Mexico, except animals being transported in bond for immediate return to Mexico...

  9. 7 CFR 319.8-13 - From Northwest Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false From Northwest Mexico. 319.8-13 Section 319.8-13... for the Entry of Cotton and Covers from Mexico § 319.8-13 From Northwest Mexico. Contingent upon continued freedom of Northwest Mexico and of the West Coast of Mexico from infestations of the pink...

  10. Financial analysis of brucellosis control for small-scale goat farming in the Bajío region, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oseguera Montiel, David; Bruce, Mieghan; Frankena, Klaas; Udo, Henk; van der Zijpp, Akke; Rushton, Jonathan

    2015-03-01

    Brucellosis is an endemic disease in small-scale goat husbandry systems in Mexico. It is a zoonosis and the economic consequences can be large, although estimates are not available for the Mexican goat sector. Our objective was to conduct a financial analysis of brucellosis control in a prominent dairy goat production area of the Bajío region, Mexico. We used three models: (1) a brucellosis transmission model at village flock level (n=1000 head), (2) a flock growth model at smallholder flock level (n=23 head) using output of model 1 and (3) cost-benefit analysis of several brucellosis control scenarios based on output of model 2. Scenarios consisted of test-and-slaughter or vaccination or a combination of both compared to the base situation (no control). The average net present values (NPV) of using vaccination over a 5-year period was 3.8 US$ (90% CI: 1.3-6.6) and 20 US$ (90% CI: 11.3-28.6) over a 10-year period per goat. The average benefit-cost ratios over a 5-year period and 10-year period were 4.3 US$ (90% CI: 2.2-6.9) and 12.3 US$ (90% CI: 7.5-17.3) per goat, respectively. For the total dairy goat population (38,462 head) of the study area (the Bajío of Jalisco and Michoacán) the NPV's over a 5-year and 10-year period were 0.15 million US$ and 0.8 million US$. However, brucellosis prevalence was predicted to remain relatively high at about 12%. Control scenarios with test-and-slaughter predicted to reduce brucellosis prevalence to less than 3%, but this produced a negative NPV over a 5-year period ranging from -31.6 to -11.1 US$ and from -31.1 to 7.5 US$ over a 10-year period. A brucellosis control campaign based on vaccination with full coverage is economically profitable for the goat dairy sector of the region although smallholders would need financial support in case test-and-slaughter is applied to reduce the prevalence more quickly.

  11. 77 FR 33561 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons Pursuant to Executive Order 12978

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    .... 1701-1706) (``IEEPA''), issued Executive Order 12978 (60 FR 54579, October 24, 1995) (the ``Order..., Colonia Americana, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Ignacio Ramos Praslow 640, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.... CONSTRUCTORA S.A. DE C.V., Calle San Uriel 690, Interior 10, Piso 4, Colonia Chapalita, Guadalajara,...

  12. Mexico and the CTBT; Mexico y el CTBT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguirre G, J.; Martinez L, J.; Ruiz E, L. J.; Aragon M, I. B., E-mail: jaguirre@cnsns.gob.mx [Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias, Dr. Barragan 779, Col. Narvarte, 03020 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT) is a treaty that prohibits all the nuclear explosions by anybody and in any place, either on the terrestrial surface, in the atmosphere, under the sea or underground. From the adoption of this Treaty by the United Nations, Mexico has had interest for its entrance in vigor, as integral part to assure the international peace. For this reason, our country signed the Treaty since it was open in September 24, 1996 and three years later ratified it, due to Mexico is part of the group of necessary countries for their entrance in vigor. During 13 years, the country has been committed and helped to the installation of monitoring stations, actions that allow the strengthening of the International System of Surveillance. The purpose of this work is to divulge the Treaty,its technologies and benefits; and also to diffuse the works realized by Mexico regarding the radionuclides monitoring station and noble gases both certified ones for the CTBT. Besides the radionuclides technology, Mexico has taken charge of the installation and operation of the seismic stations and hydro-acoustics that have been certified too. The radionuclides station Rn-44 located in Guerrero Negro, BCS has two technologies, an automated sampler of suspended particles in air brand Cinderella/ARAME and a noble gases system Sauna used for the particles detection of radioactive material gamma emitting and Xenon radioisotopes product of nuclear assays. Both technologies are transmitting data in real time to the International Center of Data. These technologies are shown in this work. (Author)

  13. Astrophysics education at Universidad de Guadalajara, Mexico: From children popularization to posgraduate courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Alba-Martinez, D. J.

    1999-05-01

    Astrophysics growing group of the Universidad de Guadalajara situation is shown. Programs and activities developed at different levels are described, as popularization for children and adults (some in colaboration with Tourism Bureau and Jalisco State Education Secretary), licenciatura \\" (\\ BSc) courses actually taugth and posgraduate courses to be taugth in near future. Facilities and some exercises are shown.

  14. Validation of two pheromonal compounds for monitoring pink hibiscus mealybug in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    A Pink Hibiscus Mealybug (Macconelicoccus hirsutus (Green)) was detected, in 2004, in Valle de Banderas, at municipalities Bahía de Banderas, Nayarit, and Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México, affecting fruit trees, native and ornamental plants. This pest insect is native to Asia and Australia, and has ...

  15. Human bioclimate atlas for Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morillon-Galvez, D. [Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Coyoacan (Mexico). Inst. de Ingenieria; Saldana-Flores, R. [Gerencia de Energias no Convencionales, Inst. de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco (Mexico); Tejeda-Martinez, A. [Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa (Mexico). Centro de Ciencias de la Tierra

    2004-07-01

    This work presents bioclimatic charts for Mexico, as a result of an analysis of climate for the period 1951-1980. The basis to define the zone of thermal comfort was the equation proposed by Auliciems combined with the bioclimatic chart of Olgyay and the diagram of Givoni for bioclimatic control in buildings. Other tools used to carry out the diagnosis were the equations of Fanger. The results obtained were validated according to the parameters established by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineering (ASHRAE), for the different climates of Mexico. The climatic data were those reported by 700 climatological stations throughout the country. The charts were developed using the ArcInfo program, in which the conditions of comfort, cool and warm were identified in order to achieve better thermal comfort in buildings and the profitable use of this renewable energy. (author)

  16. 77 FR 20690 - Environmental Impact Statement: Albuquerque, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Highway Administration Environmental Impact Statement: Albuquerque, New Mexico AGENCY... the Interstate 25 and Paseo del Norte Interchange in Albuquerque, New Mexico. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Greg Heitmann, Environmental Specialist, Federal Highway Administration, New Mexico...

  17. La instrucción y la beneficencia públicas al rescate de los futuros ciudadanos. El caso de la Escuela de Artes y Oficios de Jalisco, 1842-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica González Villalobos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se mostrará el papel que jugaron las escuelas de artes y oficios en el contexto educativo mexicano del siglo XIX. Se verá que dichos planteles tenían la intención de formar ciudadanos útiles para el Estados; es decir, productivos y “civilizados”. Esto, se lograría mediante el trabajo manual aprendido en las escuelas de artes y oficios, las cuales estaban dedicadas a enseñar oficios tradicionales a los habitantes pobres de las concentraciones urbanas más importantes del país. Entre ellas se encontraba Guadalajara, en el estado de Jalisco, donde se argumentó la fundación de la Escuela de Artes Mecánicas (futura Escuela de Artes y Oficios como un medio de capacitación para los obreros que requerían las nuevas fábricas textiles instauradas en la entidad, así como para otorgar un medio de vida honrado y honorable a los menesterosos, quienes eran vistos, según la moral del momento, como un peligro a erradicar. Por esta razón, el quehacer educativo propuesto por las escuelas de artes y oficios fue confinado a la beneficencia, la cual también se relacionó directamente con el sistema correccional. Por tanto, dichas instituciones no ofrecían una alternativa para la movilidad social, sino para convertir a personas consideradas “inútiles” en sujetos productivos para los intereses del Estado.

  18. Elimination of Onchocerciasis from Mexico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez

    Full Text Available Mexico is one of the six countries formerly endemic for onchocerciasis in Latin America. Transmission has been interrupted in the three endemic foci of that country and mass drug distribution has ceased. Three years after mass drug distribution ended, post-treatment surveillance (PTS surveys were undertaken which employed entomological indicators to check for transmission recrudescence.In-depth entomologic assessments were performed in 18 communities in the three endemic foci of Mexico. None of the 108,212 Simulium ochraceum s.l. collected from the three foci were found to contain parasite DNA when tested by polymerase chain reaction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA, resulting in a maximum upper bound of the 95% confidence interval (95%-ULCI of the infective rate in the vectors of 0.035/2,000 flies examined. This is an order of magnitude below the threshold of a 95%-ULCI of less than one infective fly per 2,000 flies tested, the current entomological criterion for interruption of transmission developed by the international community. The point estimate of seasonal transmission potential (STP was zero, and the upper bound of the 95% confidence interval for the STP ranged from 1.2 to 1.7 L3/person/season in the different foci. This value is below all previous estimates for the minimum transmission potential required to maintain the parasite population.The results from the in-depth entomological post treatment surveillance surveys strongly suggest that transmission has not resumed in the three foci of Mexico during the three years since the last distribution of ivermectin occurred; it was concluded that transmission remains undetectable without intervention, and Onchocerca volvulus has been eliminated from Mexico.

  19. The effects of social networks on tobacco use among high-school adolescents in Mexico Efectos de redes sociales sobre el uso de tabaco en adolescentes de preparatoria en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Ramírez-Ortiz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of centrality in social network positions on tobacco-use among high-school adolescents in Tonala, Jalisco, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal sociometric social network data were collected among 486 high-school adolescents in 2003 and 399 in 2004. The survey included: social network components, smoking and sociodemographic characteristics. Social network measures of centrality were calculated and multivariate logistic regression was used. RESULTS: Ever used tobacco (OR= 44.98, marginalized-low stratum (OR= 2.16 and in-degree (OR=1.10 predicted tobacco use. Out-degree (OR= 0 .89 and out-in-degree (OR= 0.90 protected against tobacco use. CONCLUSION: Nominating more friends rather than receiving such nominations was protective for tobacco use. Popular students, those receiving many nominations, were at higher risk for tobacco use. Involvement of leaders with capacity to influence might be an efficient strategy for dissemination of preventive messages.OBJETIVO: Identificar el efecto de posiciones de centralidad de la red social sobre el uso de tabaco en adolescentes de preparatoria en Tonalá, Jalisco. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal de redes sociales sociométricas. Participaron 486 bachilleres (2003 y 399 (2004. La encuesta incluyó: componentes de redes sociales, tabaquismo y características sociodemográficas. Se calcularon medidas de centralidad de redes sociales y utilizó regresión logística multivariada. RESULTADOS: El consumo alguna vez de tabaco (RM= 44.98, estrato socioeconómico marginado-bajo (RM= 2.16 y vínculos recibidos (RM=1.10 predijeron el tabaquismo; mientras que los vínculos enviados (RM= 0.89 y la diferencia entre vínculos enviados y recibidos (RM= 0.90 protegieron contra el tabaquismo. CONCLUSIÓN: Nombrar más amigos que ser nombrado por otros protegió contra el tabaquismo. Los estudiantes populares, aquellos con muchos nombramientos, tuvieron mayor riesgo de ser

  20. Shifting Nominal Anchors: The Experience of Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Leiderman; Nissan Liviatan; Alfredo Thorne

    1995-01-01

    In the mid-1980’s Mexico successfully brought down its high rate of inflation by using the exchange rate as nominal anchor in combination with strict fiscal discipline, tight monetary policy, and incomes policy. This paper discusses the role of exchange rate policy as nominal anchor in Mexico and develops the inflation target as the monetary framework for anchoring prices. It also describes how Mexico is applying this frame work while shifting to a more flexible exchange regime and discusses ...

  1. Was NAFTA behind Mexico's high maquiladora growth?

    OpenAIRE

    William C. Gruben

    2001-01-01

    Although Mexico's maquiladora system is an important and well-recognized component of Mexico-U.S. trade, the connection between the acceleration in maquiladora growth and NAFTA is less clearly understood. A broad cross section of observers -- including journalists, political activists, industry analysts, and academics -- argue that Mexico's maquiladoras have been strongly influenced by NAFTA and have grown rapidly as a result. William C. Gruben finds no such connection when he tests for NAFTA...

  2. Management for mollusc culture in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Marcet, G; Jimenez, F.; Rangel, C.; Arriaga, R

    1992-01-01

    Mollusc culture began formerly in Mexico in 1800, with the pearl oyster Pinctada mazatlanica. Oyster culture began in a commercial basis in the sixties, as an activity developed by the Mexican government in the Gulf of Mexico, yet the exploitation of the species was until 1989 reserved to fishermen grouped in cooperatives. Production data shows a noticeable variability up to 1986; from then, yearly production averaged 50,000 tonnes of Crassostrea virginica from the Gulf of Mexico. The whole y...

  3. 75 FR 28555 - Executive Green ICT & Energy Efficiency Trade Mission to Mexico City, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... a target of reducing 107 million tons of green house gases (GHG) by 2014 in the energy sector alone... International Trade Administration Executive Green ICT & Energy Efficiency Trade Mission to Mexico City, Mexico... Commercial Service are organizing an Executive Green ICT & Energy Efficiency Trade Mission to Mexico...

  4. Otomi de San Andres Cuexcontitlan, Estado de Mexico (Otomi of San Andres Cuexcontitlan, State of Mexico).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lastra, Yolanda

    This document is one of 17 volumes on indigenous Mexican languages and is the result of a project undertaken by the Archivo de Lenguas Indigenas de Mexico. This volume contains information on Otomi, an indigenous language of Mexico spoken in San Andres Cuexcontitlan, in the state of Mexico. The objective of collecting such a representative…

  5. GIS application on modern Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Bharath

    This is a GIS based tool for showcasing the history of modern Mexico starting from the post-colonial era to the elections of 2012. The tool is developed using simple language and is flexible so as to allow for future enhancements. The application consists of numerous images and textual information, and also some links which can be used by primary and high school students to understand the history of modern Mexico, and also by tourists to look for all the international airports and United States of America consulates. This software depicts the aftermaths of the Colonial Era or the Spanish rule of Mexico. It covers various topics like the wars, politics, important personalities, drug cartels and violence. All these events are shown on GIS (Geographic information Science) maps. The software can be customized according to the user requirements and is developed using JAVA and GIS technology. The user interface is created using JAVA and MOJO which contributes to effective learning and understanding of the concepts with ease. Some of the user interface features provided in this tool includes zoom-in, zoom-out, legend editing, location identifier, print command, adding a layer and numerous menu items.

  6. ARTICULACIÓN PRODUCTIVA PARA LA INNOVACIÓN EN LAS PEQUEÑAS EMPRESAS ACUÍCOLAS DE LA REGIÓN OCCIDENTE DE MÉXICO.(PRODUCTIVE ARTICULATION FOR THE INNOVATION OF SMALL AQUACULTURE COMPANIES IN THE WESTERN REGION OF MEXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Huerta Mata

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La realidad económica de nuestro país se ha orientado a encontrar nuevas formas de solucionar viejos problemas que atañen al sector primario, la acuicultura desarrollada desde las culturas primitivas de México ha crecido paulatinamente, mas como un esfuerzo constante por participar en actividades productivas de autoconsumo que con la intención de enfocar a las pequeñas empresas a formar proyectos conjuntos de articulación productiva y de desarrollo de Innovación. Este artículo de investigación, plantea tres aspectos esenciales: 1 las condiciones de las empresas rurales granjas acuícolas de la región occidente de México, en los estados de Colima, Jalisco, Michoacán y Nayarit, 2 Las modalidades de articulación productiva, redes o agrupamientos de organizaciones alrededor de las granjas acuícolas 3 Las características de los procesos de las granjas y su orientación a la innovación; la investigación analiza la manera en que las empresas, gobierno y la sociedad en su conjunto participan a través del trabajo común para la formalización de proyectos económicos que modifiquen a largo plazo las condiciones sociales de la población.Abstract:The economic reality of our country has been oriented to find new ways to solve old problems pertaining to the primary sector, aquaculture developed from the very primitive cultures in Mexico has grown gradually, more like a constant effort to participate in productive activities for self-consumption than intending to focus on small firms to form joint projects of productive articulation and development of innovation. This research article, poses Three essential aspects: 1 the conditions of rural enterprises aquaculture farms in the western region of Mexico, in the States of Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan and Nayarit, 2 modalities of productive articulation, networks or groupings of organizations around aquaculture farms 3 the characteristics of the processes on the farms and their orientation to

  7. Mexico and apachería

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Julián Durazo Herrmann

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to analyze the relations between the government of Mexico and the Apaches, one of the nomadic tribes inhabiting Northern Mexico, with the tools and from the perspective of foreign policy. My hypothesis is that, although Mexico´s policy towards the Apaches was never international neither in its object (as the Apaches were never treated as an independent nation) nor in its approach (Apache policy in Mexico was designed and implemented mainly by local and state au...

  8. Tendencias de mortalidad por traumatismos y envenenamientos en adolescentes: México, 1979-1997 Adolescent injury and poisoning mortality trends: Mexico, 1979-1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Celis

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Describir las causas externas de la mortalidad por traumatismos y envenenamientos, así como la tendencia que estas causas han mostrado entre adolescentes en México, de 1979 a 1997. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Para la realización de este estudio descriptivo de la mortalidad se utilizaron las bases de datos de mortalidad registrada en México de 1979 a 1997. Los datos son recabados, codificados y capturados por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, y se obtuvieron a través del Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Los datos fueron tabulados durante el último semestre de 2000, en Jalisco, en la Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud del Adolescente del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. RESULTADOS: Los traumatismos y envenenamientos ocuparon el primer lugar en la mortalidad del grupo adolescente (tasa de 13.35/100 000 con una tendencia descendente de -41.4% durante el periodo 1979-1997, no obstante el incremento de homicidios y suicidios (9.5% y 104.0% respectivamente. Los mecanismos más frecuentes fueron los vehículos de tráfico de motor, las armas de fuego, las intoxicaciones, las sofocaciones y las asfixias por inmersión. CONCLUSIONES: Los traumatismos y envenenamientos que experimenta la población de países en desarrollo muestran frecuencias diferentes a lo registrado en los más desarrollados, haciendo necesario el estudio de los mismos para implantar las medidas preventivas acordes con las condiciones socioculturales y ambientales de cada entorno.OBJECTIVE: To describe the external causes of death and mortality trends due to injuries and poisoning in Mexican adolescents, from 1979 to 1997. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study of deaths occurring in Mexico from 1979 to 1997. Data were abstracted, coded, and entered in electronic format, by Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (National Institute of Statistics, Geography, and Informatics

  9. Educación intercultural bilingüe. Un acercamiento a través de la práctica docente de las escuelas de la región Wixarika en el estado de Jalisco-México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Vergara Fregoso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es compartir la experiencia de investigación y algunos hallazgos en cuanto al cómo se lleva a cabo la educación intercultural bilingüe en las escuelas ubicadas en la zona Wixarika–Huichola; comunidad indígena que habita en la zona norte del estado de Jalisco-México. Dicha investigación, titulada “Condiciones y mejoramiento de la educación intercultural de los estudiantes indígenas, nahuas y huicholes de educación primaria en Jalisco”, fue financiada por los fondos SEP-SEByN-CONACYT 2003-C01-451. La realización de la investigación se encaminó a la comprensión de los procesos y factores que entran en juego para determinar la calidad de la educación intercultural en la comunidad wixarika en el estado de Jalisco-México. Los indicadores de estas comunidades apuntan a índices altos de fracaso, de deserción y de reprobación escolar, así como la baja eficiencia terminal en las escuelas ubicadas en las dos zonas indígenas de referencia.

  10. Anthropometric variation in west-central Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, A F

    2001-06-01

    Anthropometric data from five indigenous Mexican groups, collected by Carlos and Manuel Basauri in 1933, were reanalyzed and compared with serological and cranial non-metric data. Ten cranial and 14 postcranial measurements were used, both separately and together. Bias-corrected r0 and FST values were slightly higher for the postcranial analysis (0.033) than for the cranial analysis (0.024). Given the degree of linguistic differentiation among the Mexican populations, not to mention the different histories of the communities sampled, this result is surprisingly low. The two groups which were closest linguistically and geographically, the Cora and Huichol, were also close biologically. The other three groups, Tarascan, Aztecan, and Otomi, were not closely related to each other or to the Cora-Huichol pair. More interesting than the relationship between populations in this case are those within them. The Aztecas of Tuxpan, Jalisco, exhibit high rii values and lower-than-expected phenotypic variance, suggesting the pronounced action of genetic drift. The Otomi of Ixmiquilpan and Cora of the Sierra de Nayarit, despite their very different histories, both exhibit low rii values and higher-than-expected phenotypic variance, indicating a high level of gene flow. Despite the phenotypic similarities between the Cora and Huichol, their residual variance is very different; this mirrors serological investigations of relative admixture. Over all, recent population history, and especially non-indigenous admixture, are at least as explicative of the observed biological variation as historical linguistic ties are. PMID:11441457

  11. Anthropometric variation in west-central Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, A F

    2001-06-01

    Anthropometric data from five indigenous Mexican groups, collected by Carlos and Manuel Basauri in 1933, were reanalyzed and compared with serological and cranial non-metric data. Ten cranial and 14 postcranial measurements were used, both separately and together. Bias-corrected r0 and FST values were slightly higher for the postcranial analysis (0.033) than for the cranial analysis (0.024). Given the degree of linguistic differentiation among the Mexican populations, not to mention the different histories of the communities sampled, this result is surprisingly low. The two groups which were closest linguistically and geographically, the Cora and Huichol, were also close biologically. The other three groups, Tarascan, Aztecan, and Otomi, were not closely related to each other or to the Cora-Huichol pair. More interesting than the relationship between populations in this case are those within them. The Aztecas of Tuxpan, Jalisco, exhibit high rii values and lower-than-expected phenotypic variance, suggesting the pronounced action of genetic drift. The Otomi of Ixmiquilpan and Cora of the Sierra de Nayarit, despite their very different histories, both exhibit low rii values and higher-than-expected phenotypic variance, indicating a high level of gene flow. Despite the phenotypic similarities between the Cora and Huichol, their residual variance is very different; this mirrors serological investigations of relative admixture. Over all, recent population history, and especially non-indigenous admixture, are at least as explicative of the observed biological variation as historical linguistic ties are.

  12. FUEL CELL BUS DEMONSTRATION IN MEXICO CITY

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report discusses the performance of a cull-size, zero-emission, Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel-cell-powered transit bus in the atmospheric environment of Mexico City. To address the air quality problems caused by vehicle emissions in Mexico City, a seminar on clean vehic...

  13. LCA of road infrastructure in Mexico City.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosales Carreon, Jesus

    2007-01-01

    Vehicular traffic is a major problem in metropolitan areas and Mexico City is no exception. Located in a pollutant-trapping valley, Mexico City (one of the largest cities in the world) is famous for its size, its history, and the warmth of its people. Nev

  14. 77 FR 4461 - New Mexico Regulatory Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ... Rules New Mexico proposed minor wording, editorial, punctuation, and grammatical changes to the..., Federal Register (45 FR 86459). You can also find later actions concerning New Mexico's program and... proposed program changes made at its own initiative. We announced receipt of the proposed amendment in...

  15. Area Handbook for Mexico. First Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, John Morris; And Others

    This volume on Mexico is one of a series of handbooks prepared by the Foreign Area Studies (FAS) of the American University. It is designed to be useful to military and other personnel who need a convenient compilation of basic facts about the social, economic, political, and military institutions and practices of Mexico. The emphasis is on…

  16. New Mexico Known Mineral Deposit Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains all Known Mineral Deposit Areas in the state of New Mexico. It is in a vector digital structure digitized from a 1:500,000 scale map of the...

  17. New Mexico Minerals Industry Locator System (MILS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This contains all Mineral Industry Systems in the state of New Mexico. It is in a vector digital structure digitized from a 1:500,000 scale map of the state of New...

  18. Enterprise Surveys : Mexico Country Profile 2010

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; International Finance Corporation

    2011-01-01

    The Country Profile for Mexico is based on data from the Enterprise Surveys conducted by the World Bank. The benchmarks include the averages for the group of countries in Latin America & Caribbean and the Mexico income group. The enterprise surveys focus on the many factors that shape the decisions of firms to invest. These factors can be accommodating or constraining and play an important...

  19. 50 CFR 32.50 - New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false New Mexico. 32.50 Section 32.50 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE... § 32.50 New Mexico. The following refuge units have been opened for hunting and/or fishing, and...

  20. 40 CFR 81.421 - New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false New Mexico. 81.421 Section 81.421 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF... Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.421 New Mexico. Area name Acreage Public Law establishing Federal...

  1. Legal Regulation Of Oil Production In Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel A. Byshkov

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article sources of legal regulation of production and public administration in the sphere of production of mineral energy resources by the legislation of Mexico are considered. Standards of the international legal acts, the Constitution of Mexico and the special industry legislation in the sphere of use of mineral resources are investigated.

  2. Advisable alternative fuels for Mexico; Combustibles alternativos convenientes para Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar Gonzalez, Jorge Luis [ICA Fluor (Mexico)

    2007-07-15

    The alternative fuels are born with the goal of not damaging the environment; biodiesel, electricity, ethanol, hydrogen, methanol, natural gas, LP gas, are the main alternative fuels. However, the biodiesel and bioetanol are the only completely renewable ones, this makes them ideal to be developed in Mexico, since the agricultural sector could be fortified, the technological independence be favored, improve the conservation of the oil resources and by all means not to affect the environment. On the other hand, also efficient cultivation techniques should be developed to guarantee the economy of the process. [Spanish] Los combustibles alternativos nacen con la meta de no danar el medio ambiente; el biodiesel, electricidad, etanol, hidrogeno, metanol, gas natural, gas LP, son los principales combustibles alternativos. No obstante, el biodiesel y el bioetanol son los unicos completamente renovables, esto los hace ideales para desarrollarse en Mexico, ya que se podria fortalecer el sector agricola, favorecer la independencia tecnologica, mejorar la administracion de los recursos petroleros y por supuesto no afectar al medio ambiente. Por otro lado tambien se tendrian que desarrollar tecnicas de cultivo eficientes para garantizar la economia del proceso.

  3. WHITE MOUNTAIN WILDERNESS, NEW MEXICO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerstrom, Kenneth; Stotelmeyer, R.B.

    1984-01-01

    On the basis of a mineral survey the White Mountain Wilderness, which constitutes much of the western and northern White Mountains, New Mexico, is appraised to have six areas of probable mineral potential for base and precious metals. If mineral deposits exist in the wilderness, the potential is for small deposits of base and precious metals in veins and breccia pipes or, more significanlty, the possibility for large low-grade disseminated porphyry-type molybdenum deposits. There is little promise for the occurrence of geothermal energy resources in the area.

  4. 9 CFR 93.325 - Horses from Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Horses from Mexico. 93.325 Section 93... CONVEYANCE AND SHIPPING CONTAINERS Horses Mexico 18 § 93.325 Horses from Mexico. Horses offered for entry from Mexico shall be inspected as provided in §§ 93.306 and 93.323; shall be accompanied by...

  5. The wind power of Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez-Escobedo, Q. [Gerencia de Energias No Convencionales, Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Reforma 113 Col. Palmira, C. P. 62490, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico); Manzano-Agugliaro, F.; Zapata-Sierra, A. [Departamento de Ingenieria Rural, Universidad de Almeria, La Canada de San Urbano, 04120 Almeria (Spain)

    2010-12-15

    The high price of fossil fuels and the environmental damage they cause have encouraged the development of renewable energy resources, especially wind power. This work discusses the potential of wind power in Mexico, using data collected every 10 min between 2000 and 2008 at 133 automatic weather stations around the country. The wind speed, the number of hours of wind useful for generating electricity and the potential electrical power that could be generated were estimated for each year via the modelling of a wind turbine employing a logistic curve. A linear correlation of 90.3% was seen between the mean annual wind speed and the mean annual number of hours of useful wind. Maps were constructed of the country showing mean annual wind speeds, useful hours of wind, and the electrical power that could be generated. The results show that Mexico has great wind power potential with practically the entire country enjoying more than 1700 h of useful wind per year and the potential to generate over 2000 kW of electrical power per year per wind turbine installed (except for the Chiapas's State). Indeed, with the exception of six states, over 5000 kW per year could be generated by each turbine. (author)

  6. The wind power of Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high price of fossil fuels and the environmental damage they cause have encouraged the development of renewable energy resources, especially wind power. This work discusses the potential of wind power in Mexico, using data collected every 10 min between 2000 and 2008 at 133 automatic weather stations around the country. The wind speed, the number of hours of wind useful for generating electricity and the potential electrical power that could be generated were estimated for each year via the modelling of a wind turbine employing a logistic curve. A linear correlation of 90.3% was seen between the mean annual wind speed and the mean annual number of hours of useful wind. Maps were constructed of the country showing mean annual wind speeds, useful hours of wind, and the electrical power that could be generated. The results show that Mexico has great wind power potential with practically the entire country enjoying more than 1700 h of useful wind per year and the potential to generate over 2000 kW of electrical power per year per wind turbine installed (except for the Chiapas's State). Indeed, with the exception of six states, over 5000 kW per year could be generated by each turbine. (author)

  7. Seismic gap of Michoacan, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, S.K.; Yamanoto, J.; Havskov, J.; Guzman, M.; Novelo, D.; Castro, R.

    1980-01-01

    A 150 km segment of subduction plate boundary along the Pacific coast of Mexico between the aftershock areas of the Colima earthquake (Jan. 10, 1973; M/sub s/=7.5) and the recent Petartlan earthquake (March 14, 1979; M/sub s/=7.6) has not experienced a major earthquake since 1911 and, thus, has been designated as a seismic gap. There has been considerable discussion in the scientific community about instrumenting this gap for intensive observation. An examination of the 1911 earthquake (M=7 3/4), however, provides strong evidence that its location was about 280 km NNW of the epicenter reported by Gutenberg and Richter. Study of seismicity of Mexico in the past century gives some additional evidence that no major earthquake (M> or approx. =7.5) occurred in the area. Thus, presently available evidence suggests that no large earthquake has occurred in this gap for at least the past 78 years and perhaps for as long as 178 years.

  8. International migration statistics in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Y Griego, M

    1987-01-01

    During the past decade, Mexico has experienced both large-scale emigration directly, mostly to the US, and the mass immigration of Central American refugees. The implementation of the US Immigration and Control Act of 1986 and the possible escalation of armed conflicts in Central America may result in expanded inflows either of returning citizens or of new refugee waves. To develop appropriate policy responses, Mexico needs reliable information on international migration flows. This research note reviews available sources of that information--arrival and departure statistics, population censuses, refugee censuses, and survey data--and concludes that most of them are relatively weak. Currently, the published data on entries and departures provide little information on the demographic impact of legal migration, although they suggest that the inflow of foreigners is small. The census corroborates such findings, but it yields inadequate demographic detail. The movement of Mexican nationals, on the other hand, is poorly reflected by both sources. The void they leave has been palliated somewhat by surveys, but the only nationally representative survey on emigration was carried out in the late 1970s and might be a less than ideal basis for current policy formulation. It is hoped that as the relevance of international migration becomes more evident, steps towards the improvement of existing statistical systems may be undertaken. In the absence of such measures, policy-makers and researchers will have to continue relying on ad hoc surveys to answer the most pressing questions on the subject. PMID:12280914

  9. 78 FR 14225 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Fishery...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ..., Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Gulf of Mexico Reef Fish Fishery; 2013 Accountability Measure for Gulf of Mexico Commercial Gray Triggerfish AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National... Mexico (Gulf) reef fish fishery for the 2013 fishing year through this temporary final rule....

  10. The environmental policy in Mexico: Crisis and perspectives; La politica ambiental en Mexico: Crisis y perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urquidi, Victor [Colegio de Mexico, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    In this paper some aspects of the environmental situation in Mexico are condensed. The main roll performed by the modality of the energy resources consumption and the evolution of the environmental policy in Mexico from 1971 to 1996 is analyzed. It is concluded that in Mexico it has not been able to define the environmental policy in all its extension requiring, therefore, a greater participation of all the sectors to protect Nature and fight against the industrial and municipal pollution [Espanol] En esta ponencia se resumen algunos aspectos de la situacion ambiental actual de Mexico. Se analiza el papel central desempenado por la modalidad del consumo de energeticos y la evolucion de la politica ambiental en Mexico desde 1971 hasta 1996. Se concluye en que la politica ambiental en Mexico no se ha podido definir todavia en todos sus alcances por lo que se requiere una mayor participacion de todos los sectores para proteger la naturaleza y combatir la contaminacion industrial y municipal

  11. NAFTA and Mexico's Tax Policy Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Martinez-Vazquez; Duanje Chen

    2001-01-01

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has had a significant effect on Mexico’s economy and institutions. The ongoing consideration of tax reform in Mexico requires an evaluation of the role of NAFTA in Mexico’s economy, including its tax structure; it also requires an assessment of the impact of the Mexico’s tax system on the trade and capital flows between Mexico and its NAFTA partners, the United States and Canada. Clearly, no good tax reform in Mexico can ignore the role of NAFTA...

  12. Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velasco, O; Savarino, S J; Walton, B C; Gam, A A; Neva, F A

    1989-09-01

    In Mexico, 6 cases of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) were found in widely separated geographic regions. Information was also available on 2 other cases. In addition to the typical clinical features, half of the patients had evidence of nasopharyngeal mucosal involvement. All isolates from the DCL patients were identified as Leishmania mexicana mexicana by isoenzyme analysis and monoclonal antibody typing. In 1 region of Tabasco state where DCL was found, uncomplicated cutaneous leishmaniasis appeared to be highly endemic, and isolates from a few such patients were identified as L. mexicana mexicana. An incidental finding was the recovery of an isolate of L. braziliensis braziliensis from a patient with chiclero ulcer in Oaxaca state. The clinical and epidemiological significance of the reported cases are discussed. PMID:2802018

  13. Gamma irradiation service in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1980 it was installed in Mexico, on the National Institute of Nuclear Research, an irradiator model J S-6500 of a canadian manufacture. Actually, this is the greatest plant in the Mexican Republic that offers a gamma irradiation process at commercial level to diverse industries. However, seeing that the demand for sterilize those products were not so much as the irradiation capacity it was opted by the incursion in other types of products. During 17 years had been irradiated a great variety of products grouped of the following form: dehydrated foods, disposable products for medical use, cosmetics, medicaments, various. Nowadays the capacity of the irradiator is saturated virtue of it is operated the 24 hours during the 365 days of the year and only its operation is suspended by the preventive and corrective maintenance. However, the fresh food market does not be attended since this irradiator was designed for doses greater than 10 kGy (1.0 Mrad)

  14. Ground subsidence and associated ground fracturing in urban areas: InSAR monitoring of active tectonic structures (Ciudad Guzman, Colima Graben - Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bignami, C.; Brunori, C.; Zucca, F.; Groppelli, G.; Norini, G.; Hernandez, N. D.; Stramondo, S.

    2013-12-01

    This study focuses on the observation of a creeping phenomenon that produces subsidence of the Zapotlan basin and ground fracturing in correspondence of the Ciudad Guzmàn (Jalisco - Mexico). The September 21, 2012, the Ciudad Guzmàn has been struck by a phenomenon of ground fracturing of about 1.5 km of length. This event caused the deformation of the roads and the damage of 30 houses, of which eight have been declared uninhabitable. The alignment of fractures is coincident with the escarpments produced in September 19, 1985, in the Ciudad Guzman urban area, when a strong earthquake, magnitude 8.1, struck the Mexican area, causing the deaths of at least 10,000 people and serious damage in Mexico City. In Ciudad Guzmán, about 60% of the buildings were destroyed, with about 50 loss of life. The city is located in the Zapotlan basin (northern Colima graben), a wide tectonic depression where the depth of the infilling sediments is about 1 km. This subsidence cannot be measured outside the urbanized area, but it can be considered as a deformation mechanism of the central part of the basin. In order to detect and mapping the spatio-temporal features of the processes that led to this event, we applied InSAR multi-temporal techniques to analyze a dataset of ENVISAT satellite SAR images, acquired in a time span between 2003-2010. InSAR techniques detect a subsidence of the north-western part of Ciudad Guzmàn of about 15 mm/yr in the time interval 2003-2010. The displacement occurred in September 21, 2012, was detected using two RadarSAT2 acquisitions (2012-03-22 and 2013-03-17). The explanation of surface movements based on interferometric results, ground data and geological field observations, allowed confirming surface effect due to the overexploitation of the aquifers and highlights a subsidence due to anthropogenic causes coupled to buried tectonic structures.

  15. Screening for autism in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fombonne, Eric; Marcin, Carlos; Bruno, Ruth; Tinoco, Cecilia Manero; Marquez, Christian Diaz

    2012-06-01

    In order to conduct the screening phase of the first epidemiological survey of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in Mexico, we needed a screening tool to detect autistic symptomatology in a large sample of school-age children. We used the Spanish version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). We recruited a clinical sample of 200 children (81% males; mean age: 7.4 years) with a confirmed diagnosis of ASDs and a sample of 363 control children (59.5% males; mean age: 8.5 years) without ASDs. Three-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs) identified a main effect of clinical status (ASDs vs. controls) for both parent and teacher scales, but no gender or age effect. The mean total and subscale raw scores were significantly different between the clinical and control groups for the parent and for the teacher SRS (P < 0.001). The internal consistency of the SRS was excellent. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses showed excellent discriminant validity of the SRS in the Mexican sample (area under the curve: 0.962 for the parent, 0.960 for the teacher). ROC curves were also used to determine which cutoff would provide the best trade-off between sensitivity and specificity. Mexican SRS scores were significantly higher than in the U.S. and German population for typically developing children but comparable for clinically referred subjects. The SRS is an acceptable screening instrument for epidemiological studies of ASDs in Mexico. Its psychometric properties are excellent and comparable to those derived from North American and other samples. PMID:22581514

  16. HSIP Law Enforcement Locations in New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Law Enforcement Locations Any location where sworn officers of a law enforcement agency are regularly based or stationed. Law Enforcement agencies "are publicly...

  17. Level III Eco Regions for New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Ecoregions by state were extracted from the seamless national shapefile. Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and...

  18. Level IV Eco Regions for New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Ecoregions by state were extracted from the seamless national shapefile. Ecoregions denote areas of general similarity in ecosystems and in the type, quality, and...

  19. HSIP Correctional Institutions in New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Jails and Prisons (Correctional Institutions). The Jails and Prisons sub-layer is part of the Emergency Law Enforcement Sector and the Critical Infrastructure...

  20. Protected Areas Database for New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is a geodatabase, managed by USGS GAP, that illustrates and describes public land ownership, management...

  1. New Mexico Populated Places (GNIS), 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) actively seeks data from and partnerships with Government agencies at all levels and other interested organizations....

  2. New Mexico, 2010 Census American Indian

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  3. International Boundary United States Mexico Minute 315

    Data.gov (United States)

    International Boundary & Water Commission — This provisional international boundary was developed by the International Boundary and Water Commission-United States and Mexico (IBWC), to be used as a common...

  4. ROE Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Sample Locations

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset describes dissolved oxygen levels in the Gulf of Mexico. Individual sampling sites are represented by point data. The background polygon shows areas...

  5. Dataset of aggregate producers in New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orris, Greta J.

    2000-01-01

    This report presents data, including latitude and longitude, for aggregate sites in New Mexico that were believed to be active in the period 1997-1999. The data are presented in paper form in Part A of this report and as Microsoft Excel 97 and Data Interchange Format (DIF) files in Part B. The work was undertaken as part of the effort to update information for the National Atlas. This compilation includes data from: the files of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS); company contacts; the New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Bureau of Mine Inspection, and the Mining and Minerals Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department (Hatton and others, 1998); the Bureau of Land Management Information; and direct communications with some of the aggregate operators. Additional information on most of the sites is available in Hatton and others (1998).

  6. HSIP New Mexico State Government Buildings

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset includes buildings occupied by the headquarters of cabinet level state government executive departments, legislative offices buildings outside of the...

  7. Migratory Bird Joint Ventures of New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — A joint venture is a self-directed partnership of agencies, organizations, corporations, tribes, or individuals that has formally accepted the responsibility of...

  8. Cretaceous Onlap, Gulf of Mexico Basin [cretonlapg

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The maximum extent of Cretaceous onlap is generalized from Plate 3, Structure at the base and subcrop below Mesozoic marine section, Gulf of Mexico Basin (compiled...

  9. Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Status Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Gulf of Mexico is one of the most ecologically and economically valuable marine ecosystems in the world and is affected by a variety of natural and...

  10. CPAFFC Delegation Attends China-Mexico Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>From October 29 to 31, 2007, the CPAFFC delegation, the goodwill delegation and the entrepreneurs’ delega- tion led by CPAFFC Vice President Li Xiaolin attended the Forum of China-Mexico: Strategic Partners of the 21st Century

  11. China Offers Humanitarian Aid to Mexico

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu announced the government’s decision to provide Mexico with humanitarian aid on April 29 in Beijing. The Chinese Government has offered $5 million in emergency humanitar

  12. Landscape Conservative Cooperatives for New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Landscape conservation cooperatives (LCCs) are conservation-science partnerships between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and...

  13. Sustainability analysis of agave production in Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ibarrola Rivas, Maria Jose

    2010-01-01

    Worldwide food production is done in different types of agricultural production systems. The main difference is whether it is an intensive or extensive system. The agave production in Mexico has been developed in these two different ways. Firstly, agave f

  14. Queer Counterpublics in Australia, Mexico and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyja Noack-Lundberg

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A review of Rafaael de la Dehesa, Queering the Public Sphere in Mexico and Brazil: Sexual Rights Movements in Emerging Democracies (Duke, 2010 and Kane Race, Pleasure Consuming Medicine (Duke, 2009.

  15. Relations between Mexico and the European Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Alonso

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available Mexico-EC bilateral relations must be considered within the general relation ECLatin America which -as the author remarks, do not appear among EC's preferential relations.Latin America can benefit from the Generalized Preference System which is not discriminatory, without reciprocity and generalized, but has some restrictions: for some products as textile, leather or oil. This affects some Latin American countries and specifically Mexico.Mexico initiates its relation with the EC in 1960; in 1975 both parts sign the Agreement on Economic and Trade Cooperation which has been substituted by the new General Agreement on Cooperation signed on April26, 1991. A new factor that will condition this relation is the Free Trade Agreement recently signed between USA, Canada and Mexico.

  16. 2013 Gulf of Mexico SPCE angler survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This survey provides economic data related to marine recreational fishing in the Gulf of Mexico. The data collected include preference and opinion information...

  17. Southeast Gulf of Mexico Sperm Whale Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Large vessel surveys were conducted during the summers of 2012 and 2014 in the southeastern Gulf of Mexico north of the Dry Tortugas. Data were collected on the...

  18. [Testate amoebas of pine forests in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobrov, A A; Krasil'nikov, P A

    2011-01-01

    The population of testate amoebas in the soils of pine forests in Mexico has been studied. In total, 68 species, varieties, and types of testate amoebas with cosmopolite distribution were found. The species diversity of the testate population includes hygrophilous species that differ from hygrophilous species with luvisols in higher andosols. Comparative analysis using the results of one available study of soil testate amoebas from Mexico has been carried out [Bonnet, 1977].

  19. Fighting corruption in Mexico : lessons from Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    New, Jonathan David; Ventura, Humberto Ovidio

    2011-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The elevated levels of violence seen recently in Mexico are not a sign of a worsening security situation as the media would lead one to believe. Instead, they give witness that the Government of Mexico has implemented an unparalleled offensive against the deadly drug cartels. Despite the unprecedented assault against the cartels, cartel prevalence and violence is increasing when it should be decreasing. Drawbacks, such as widespread c...

  20. Water Scarcity and Water Policy in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    This thesis addresses the possible solutions to control demand and supply of water for a sustainable environment in Mexico, along with a detailed analyses of economic implications related to the water sector. At the same time it focuses on the opportunities and constraints to improve the use of water and the allocation in the agricultural sector, by a system of transferable water-use permits. Actual examples are provided nationwide to the current situation in Mexico, focusing on problems rela...

  1. Urban Governance and Participation in Central Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Valeria Guarneros-Meza

    2007-01-01

    Valeria Guarneros-Meza looks at national aspects that characterize Mexico's democratization and decentralization processes, and their impact upon the central region of Mexico. Based on the region's social characteristics, she discusses the concept of ‘urban governance’ in terms of its ambiguity, which promotes municipal systems of participation at the same time as it fragments their internal organization. Development (2007) 50, 104–109. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1100340

  2. Complete Genome Sequences of Chikungunya Virus Strains Isolated in Mexico: First Detection of Imported and Autochthonous Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Alcántara, Joanna; Fragoso-Fonseca, David Esaú; Garcés-Ayala, Fabiola; Escobar-Escamilla, Noé; Vázquez-Pichardo, Mauricio; Núñez-León, Alma; Torres-Rodríguez, María de la Luz; Torres-Longoria, Belem; López-Martínez, Irma; Ruíz-Matus, Cuitláhuac; Kuri-Morales, Pablo; Ramírez-González, José Ernesto

    2015-01-01

    The mosquito-borne chikungunya virus, an alphavirus of the Togaviridae family, is responsible for acute polyarthralgia epidemics. Here, we report the complete genome sequences of two chikungunya virus strains, InDRE04 and InDRE51, identified in the Mexican states of Jalisco and Chiapas in 2014. Phylogenetic analysis showed that both strains belong to the Asian genotype. PMID:25953170

  3. Carlos Rubén Ruiz Medrano, Las sombrías aventuras del rey tlaxcalteco Juan Vicencio de Córdova y los rebeldes de Colotlán, Jalisco, 1777-1783. Episodios de la resistencia política indígena en las postrimer

    OpenAIRE

    Cunill, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    Las sombrías aventuras del rey tlaxcalteco Juan Vicencio de Córdova y los rebeldes de Colotlán, Jalisco de Carlos Rubén Ruiz Medrano se centra en la rebelión liderada por el mestizo Juan Vicencio de Córdova en las Fronteras de San Luis Colotlán a finales del siglo XVIII. Para llevar a cabo su análisis, el autor utiliza un sólido aparato crítico, al recurrir no sólo a las principales producciones historiográficas sobre el Septentrión novohispano (Gerhard, Radding, Shadow, Powell, Pacheco Rojas...

  4. The History of Soil Science in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, J. M.; Ventura, E., Jr.; Castellanos, J. Z.; Brevik, E. C.

    2012-04-01

    There is a lack of information concerning the history of soil science in developing countries such as Mexico. Soil knowledge in the pre-Colombian era was a notable attribute of indigenous people in Mexico. Mayas and Aztecs classified soils based on properties and land use and developed a terminology still used by locals. International organizations and institutions advocating modern agricultural practices have played an important role in the development of soil science in Mexico, in conjunction with the Green Revolution in which the use of fertilizers for crop production was implemented. Soil fertility, as an area of study, has developed significantly in the country. One of the most significant impacts of the Green Revolution on the development of soil science in Mexico was through academic exchange, in which Mexican soil scientists obtained graduate-level degrees in the United States and later returned to Mexico to conduct research programs. Although Mexico has a long history of soil knowledge, soil scientists are facing several challenges today, including a lack of communication between farmers and scientists, soil erosion, soil contamination, and water usage. Some researchers have suggested that ethnopedological knowledge should be incorporated into modern Mexican soil science.

  5. Electric power and environment in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume is one of the three resulting volumes about the project named Document analysis and prospective organized by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) through it University Energy Program (PUE). It is a non-periodical publication collection of the variable content and extent that as a whole constitutes an information heritage and an original contribution about the energy problematic as International level as at the country context and the University activities. In this book the manners of producing electrical energy are discussed, so how satisfying the growing necessities of this energy in Mexico without contaminating environment and how doing rational and efficient use of energy. The content of each document of this book is however exclusive responsibility of authors, as in the information as in their told opinions. The following papers were presented: 1) Hydroelectricity, soils use and water management. 2) The electric generation in Mexico and its environmental impacts: Past, present and future. 3) The nucleo electricity and the radioactive materials management. 4) Exposure to electromagnetic fields and its association with leukemia in children. 5) The electric power in Mexico and the supportable development. 6) Potential of electric generation at great scale with eolic energy in Mexico. 7) Toward an electric generation scheme distributed with non-conventional energies. 8) Renewable sources of energy in Mexico at the Century 21. (Author)

  6. The personal dosimetry in Mexico; La dosimetria personal en Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salazar, M.A. [Proxtronics/ Asesoria Integral en Dosimetria Termoluminiscente S.A. de C.V., Canal de Miramontes 2030-14, Col. Educacion, 04400 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. e-mail: aidtsa@avantel.net

    2006-07-01

    The Personal Dosimetry in Mexico, has an approximately 30 year-old history; and it had been and it is at the moment, one of the more important resources with which the personnel that works with ionizing radiation sources counts for its protection. The Personal Dosimetry begins with the film dosimetry, technique that even continues being used at the present time by some users, and the main reason of its use is for economic reasons. At the moment this technique, it has been surpassed, by the Thermoluminescent dosimetry, which has taken a lot of peak, mainly by the technological development with which it is counted at the present time; what has given as a result that this technique becomes tip technology; that supported in the characteristic of the used materials, as the handling and processing of the information associated with the new PC, digitizer cards, software etc, what has allowed increases it potential. In this work the current necessities of the market are presented as well as an analysis of the future real necessities in Mexico, at national level, the companies that provide this service and that they spread to satisfy this necessity of the market, including the different used technologies are also mentioned. The application ranges, at the same time, of the advantages and disadvantages of the different systems of Personal Dosimetry in the market. The companies that at the moment provide the service of Personal Dosimetry, its use materials and equipment in indistinct form, for the monitoring of gamma radiation, beta particles, different qualities of x-ray radiation, and sometimes neutrons. The monitoring of the exposed personnel at the diverse sources of ionizing radiation mentioned is carried out in many occasions without having with the materials (detectors), neither the appropriate infrastructure and therefore without the quality control that guarantees a correct evaluation of the dose equivalent, as a result of the exposure to the ionizing radiations; it

  7. El Silverio: nueva variedad de arroz para el trópico mexicano El Silverio: a new rice cultivar for the tropical areas of Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis García Angulo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El Silverio es una variedad de grano mediano con 10% de "panza blanca" y altamente versátil, ya que se puede cultivar en condiciones de temporal o temporal con riegos de auxilio en el trópico húmedo del sureste (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Campeche y Chiapas y sub-húmedo del noreste (Tamaulipas, así como bajo riego en el trópico seco de la vertiente del pacífico (Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima y Michoacán. Su potencial de rendimiento medio es de 6 t ha-1 en condiciones de temporal, 7 t ha-1 en temporal con riegos de auxilio y 8 t ha-1 bajo riego. Su calidad molinera es 55% de granos pulidos enteros sobre palay. El ciclo vegetativo de la nueva variedad El Silverio es de 130 días de la germinación de la semilla a la maduración del grano en primavera-verano y de 135 días en otoño-invierno; el tipo de planta es compacto con altura de 95 cm y por ello es resistente al acame; también es moderadamente tolerante a sequía; es resistente al desgrane y tolerante a enfermedades como: "quema del arroz" (Magnaporthe grisea antes (Pyricularia oryzae, "mancha café" (Helminthosporium oryzae y escaldado del follaje (Monographella albescens. Por lo que se refiere a plagas de insectos, es tolerante al daño mecánico que causa la chicharrita "sogata" Tagosodes orizicolus. El Silverio es la segunda variedad seleccionada de Milagro Filipino (IR8 en México; ha sido registrada en el Catálogo Nacional de Variedades de Plantas (CNVV con el número: ARZ015-260210.The Silverio is a medium grain variety with 10% of "chalkiness" and highly versatile, it can be grown under rainfed conditions or rainfed with auxiliary irrigation in the south-east humid tropic (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Campeche and Chiapas and sub-humid northeast (Tamaulipas, also under irrigation in the Pacific dry tropic (Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima and Michoacán. Its average yield potential is around 6 t ha-1 under rainfed conditions, of 7 t ha-1 in rainfed with auxiliary irrigation and 8 t ha-1

  8. Study of Seismic Clusters at Bahía de Banderas Region, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunez-Cornu, F. J.; Rutz-Lopez, M.; Suarez-Plascencia, C.; Trejo-Gomez, E.

    2010-12-01

    Given that the coast in the states of Jalisco and south of the state of Nayarit is located within a region of high seismic potential and also because population is increasing, perhaps motivated by the development of tourism, the Civil Defense authorities of Jalisco and the Centro de Sismología y Volcanología de Occidente-SisVOc of Universidad de Guadalajara started in the year 2000 a joint project to study the seismic risk of the region, including the seismic monitoring of Colima volcano (located between the states of Jalisco and Colima). This work focuses on the study of seismicity in the area of Bahía de Banderas and northern coast of Jalisco. To this end, we perform an analysis of available seismograms to characterize active structures, their relationship to surface morphology, and possible reach of these structures into the shallow parts of the bay. The data used in this work are waveforms recorded during the year 2003 during which the seismograph network spanned the region of study. Our method is based on the identification of seismic clusters or families using cross-correlation of waveforms, earthquake relocation and modeling of fault planes. From an initial data set of 404 earthquakes located during 2003, 96 earthquakes could be related to 17 potentially active continental structures. A modeling of fault planes was possible for 11 of these structures. Subgroups of 7 structures are aligned parallel to the Middle America Trench, a possible consequence of oblique subduction. The magnitudes of earthquakes grouped into families is less than 3.6 (Ml), corresponding to fault dimensions of hundreds of meters.

  9. Tequila tourism as a factor of development: a strategic vision in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Genoveva Millán Vázquez de la Torre; José Caridad y Ocerín; Juan Manuel Arjona Fuentes; Luis Amador Hidalgo

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The main objective of the paper is to establish that Tequila Tourism can be a tool in the economic development of the Jalisco region, linking the product, tequila, the agave landscape, and the fact that the tourist route can be a sign of identity for this tourist market. Design – The need to achieve sustainable rural development, taking into account respect for the environment, along with the creation of wealth and jobs, is would involve both public administrations and companies ...

  10. Where Do Mexico and Chile Stand on Inclusive Education? Short Title: Inclusion in Mexico and Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Cedillo, Ismael; Romero-Contreras, Silvia; Ramos-Abadie, Liliana

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the background, current situation and challenges of educational integration and inclusive education in Mexico and Chile. These countries obtained similar low results on the academic achievement of their students (Mexico last and Chile second last) among OECD countries; and above average scores, among Latin-American countries.…

  11. 76 FR 73595 - Healthcare Technology, Policy & Trade Mission: Mexico City, Mexico, May 13-16, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... healthcare technology in Mexico's top hospitals and other healthcare institutions; (3) create a business... selected to participate in the mission from the applicant pool. U.S. companies already doing business in... Applicant's potential for business in Mexico, including likelihood of exports resulting from the...

  12. Systemic Competitiveness of SMEs in Mexico City, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luisa Saavedra García

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to apply the model of systemic competitiveness, SMEs in Mexico City. Developing four levels of competitiveness: macro level (economic environment, meso level (regional environment, Level Goal (Environment Socioeconomic and micro Level (internal factors. Data collection was done through fieldwork and archival research. The main findings are among the major strengths of the economic environment: high level of gross domestic product, high labor productivity and fiscal autonomy, the main weaknesses: the unions and the unemployment rate; meanwhile stand between foreign investment opportunities between threats and insecurity, corruption and difficulty in business transactions. In the regional setting a positive and 1 perfect relationship between the number of economic units and per capita GDP was found. With regard to socio-cultural factors, presents lower levels of poverty and unemployment to the rest of the country. Finally, at the micro level, the competitiveness of SMEs is in direct relation to the size of the company and the industry sector shows higher competitiveness trade and services sectors.

  13. The personal dosimetry in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Personal Dosimetry in Mexico, has an approximately 30 year-old history; and it had been and it is at the moment, one of the more important resources with which the personnel that works with ionizing radiation sources counts for its protection. The Personal Dosimetry begins with the film dosimetry, technique that even continues being used at the present time by some users, and the main reason of its use is for economic reasons. At the moment this technique, it has been surpassed, by the Thermoluminescent dosimetry, which has taken a lot of peak, mainly by the technological development with which it is counted at the present time; what has given as a result that this technique becomes tip technology; that supported in the characteristic of the used materials, as the handling and processing of the information associated with the new PC, digitizer cards, software etc, what has allowed increases it potential. In this work the current necessities of the market are presented as well as an analysis of the future real necessities in Mexico, at national level, the companies that provide this service and that they spread to satisfy this necessity of the market, including the different used technologies are also mentioned. The application ranges, at the same time, of the advantages and disadvantages of the different systems of Personal Dosimetry in the market. The companies that at the moment provide the service of Personal Dosimetry, its use materials and equipment in indistinct form, for the monitoring of gamma radiation, beta particles, different qualities of x-ray radiation, and sometimes neutrons. The monitoring of the exposed personnel at the diverse sources of ionizing radiation mentioned is carried out in many occasions without having with the materials (detectors), neither the appropriate infrastructure and therefore without the quality control that guarantees a correct evaluation of the dose equivalent, as a result of the exposure to the ionizing radiations; it

  14. Why the bankers suddenly love Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holt, D.D.

    1979-07-16

    In early 1977, the state-owned oil company in Mexico, Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) revealed that it had made huge new discoveries and was ready to exploit the find. Mexico's economy had been in trouble for a number of years. The government had been searching for money to borrow. But now, bankers from all over the world were offering Mexico bank loans - more than it needed - and Mexico was having to determine its best money buy. Oil did not produce the boomy atmosphere by itself; much of the credit goes to President Jose Lopez Portillo. He is now half-way through a 6-year term and has restored confidence in Mexico. He has tempered the euphoria from oilfields with tough, conservative economic policies. He scaled down public spending, developed only 4 new industrial centers in comparison to 50 recommended by the former president, and got the unions to hold wage demands in check. The global aspects of Mexico's financial dealings in the last several years are reviewed, emphasizing the dealings with European banks which account for about 60% of the government's deals. The more significant question now seems to be whether the government can hold to its plan of restrained growth in oil production. The target calls for moving up sharply to about 2.25 million barrels a day by the end of 1980, followed by a leveling off for several years. In sum, Mexico is no longer a second-rate player in the financial markets of the world. (MCW)

  15. Geothermal Field Development in Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa, Hector Alonso

    1983-12-15

    Mexico is a Country characterized by its diversified means of Power Gerneration. Actual installed capacity is almost 19000 MW, of which 205 MW corresponds to Geothermal Plants, that is, 180 MW in Cerro Prieto and 25 MW of Portable Plants in Los Azufres. To date, 346 area with exploitation possibilites, are known. They are mainly distributed along the Volcanic Belt where the most prominent are, Los Azufres, La Primavera, Los Humeros, Ixtlan De Los Hervores and Los Negritos, among others. Proved reserves are 920 MW, and the accessible resource base are 4600 MW identified and 6000 MW undiscovered. The long range construction studies intends to achieve a total installed capacity of 100000 MW, by the end of this century, including 2000 MW Geothermal, through conventional and Portable Plants. It is not a definite program but a development strategy. The carrying out of a definite program, will depend upon the confirmation of Hypothesis made in previous studies, and the economic decisions related to the financial sources availability, and techologies to be used in the future as well.

  16. Actinides detection in the Pacific Coast of Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work is evaluated the activity of the alpha emitters, uranium and plutonium, in sand samples and seawater coming from diverse points of the Mexican Pacific Coast (Baja California, Jalisco, Colima and Guerrero). The used techniques were: radiochemistry separation and alpha spectrometry, with these techniques could be observed that the sand contains natural uranium and trace quantities of 239Pu and 240Pu combinations. The biggest activity in Pu was found in Finisterra, Baja California Sur (0.13 Bq/kg) and the minor (0 Bq/kg) in Miramar, Colima. The relationship between the geographical localization and the Pu activity suggests that while there is more interaction of the site with the oceanic currents, more is the content of Pu in the sands of the coast. (Author)

  17. The 'Anglo' Revolution in New Mexico Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Thomas K.

    1978-01-01

    First in a three-part series of case studies tracing the impact of the "Anglo Revolution" on New Mexico, this article deals with copper mining in New Mexico, particularly the Santa Rita del Cobre copper mine. (NQ)

  18. USDA FS Inventoried Roadless Areas in New Mexico, Sept. 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains all National Forest Inventoried Roadless Areas (IRAs) for New Mexico. The IRA data was originally submitted to GSTC by all national forests...

  19. 75 FR 69916 - Southern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... Forest Service Southern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Southern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee (RAC) will meet in... CODE 3410-11-P...

  20. 76 FR 16603 - Southern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... Forest Service Southern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Southern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee (RAC) will meet in..., Designated Federal Official. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P...

  1. 76 FR 31299 - Northern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... Forest. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Northern New Mexico Resource Advisory Committee AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Correct FR Doc. 2011-12588; Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Northern New Mexico Resource...

  2. New Mexico Quad Grid for 15' USGS Quads

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This coverage was derived from the 7.5minute USGS quad coverage for the state of New Mexico. It shows a quad index for the USGS 15 minute quads.

  3. New Mexico 7.5' USGS Quad Index, 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains the vector line map information for the 1:24,000 quadrangles for New Mexico. This dataset was obtained as a nation wide dataset from the...

  4. HSIP Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) in New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) in New Mexico "The physical location at which the coordination of information and resources to support domestic incident...

  5. New Mexico 6th Code Subwatersheds (12-digit)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a complete digital hydrologic unit boundary layer to the Subwatershed (12-digit) 6th level for the State of New Mexico. This data set consists of...

  6. Soil and Water Conservation Districts of New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The New Mexico Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) shapefile includes forty-seven boudaries which cover each SWCD throughout the State.

  7. Energy, environment and development in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mexico is a country at the crossroads. It has huge potentials in energy, in natural resources and in human resources. It is currently experiencing one of the most serious crises in its history - economic, ecological, political - and it is making efforts to overcome the problems behind these crises, which may affect us all because of Mexico's importance as energy producer and energy consumer. Mexico is one of the developing countries which has participated actively in finding solutions to the worlds environmental problems not least the problem of climatic changes as a result of increasing energy consumption. Mexico is seeing the consequences at local and national level, and is taking steps to change course. At the same time, it has also expressed interest in participating in international initiatives and cooperation to solve these problem. But Mexico finds itself in a situation not unlike that of many East European countries after the fall of the communist regimes. The old system is tumbling, the will to change is present, but there is a lack of resources. 123 refs., 45 tabs

  8. Policies to reduce carbon emissions from Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The two long-term scenarios carried out for Mexico attempt to paint a picture of carbon emissions and energy use in the year 2025. The scenarios reveal that Mexico's current energy path is not optimal; the energy-intensity indicators show an increasing reliance on petroleum products and electricity over the next 40 years. Thus, Mexico must embark on a program of energy conservation in the near future. Mexico recently has undertaken several energy conservation efforts. The Mexican government implemented a National Program for Energy Modernization. This program identifies the promotion of energy conservation in Mexico as one of its top priorities between 1990 and 1994. It incorporates a number of actions geared at improving energy conservation, including: establishing pricing policies which pay special attention to electricity tariffs; setting aside budget appropriations for energy-savings programs; carrying out an energy diagnosis in the transportation and industrial sectors; promoting cogeneration and new legislation in this field; setting efficiency standards for equipment; initiating a public education campaign to inform people about energy conservation; promoting the participation of research institutes and consulting firms in the research of the technological aspects of energy-saving measures; and creating agreement with industrial and commerce associations

  9. Modeling of shaft tombs in western Mexico by mean of resistive tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alatorre-Zamora, M. A.; Gutierrez-Peña, Q. J.; Gomez-Gomez, G.; Rosas-Elguera, J.

    2013-05-01

    The archaeological affluence of Mexico is huge. However, the western part of the country is viewed as lacking of important prehispanic constructions. Discoveries since 1970 have exposed an ancient culture that has been termed as Teuchitlan Tradition. This culture is characterized by ceremonial centers formed with circular pyramids and several rectangular platforms surrounding them, and tombs below any of these structures. The tombs in turn are typically composed of a vertical shaft and one to three horizontal chambers, where bodies were placed. Due to this character is also referred to as Shaft Tombs Culture. The tombs are located mainly in low cohesion pumice, welded tephras and volcanic ash deposits. The vertical shafts were usually filled, and there was always the camera. Two major centers developed by this culture are found in Teuchitlan and El Arenal, in the western state of Jalisco. The former has been rebuilt and is currently open to tourism, while the latter is not restored yet. The latter apparently has two ceremonial centers located at two different altitudes. We conducted a survey in both sites with resistive tomography. The first study was conducted in Teuchitlan, on a circular platform. In this structure there are already located three shaft tombs. The results obtained using the Wenner alpha array with equidistance of 0.5 and 1 meter, are successful. The data have been modeled using the program RES2DINV, and models obtained show the presence of a boot-shaped tomb and other like bottle. The graves are identified with higher resistivity values, while values lower than 30 ohm-m indicate moisture leaks at the ends of the structure. Theoretical modeling of the tombs and the building was carried out, which is compared with the actual sections and their inversion models. Coincidences are appreciable. With this results, were conducted two lines in ceremonial centers of El Arenal, to identify the occurrence of shaft tombs. The two centers are separated by

  10. Actinides detection in the Pacific Coast of Mexico; Deteccion de actinidos en el Litoral Pacifico de Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ordonez R, E.; Almazan T, M. G.; Cruz C, G. J.; Ramirez S, R., E-mail: eduardo.ordonez@inin.gob.mx [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2013-10-15

    In this work is evaluated the activity of the alpha emitters, uranium and plutonium, in sand samples and seawater coming from diverse points of the Mexican Pacific Coast (Baja California, Jalisco, Colima and Guerrero). The used techniques were: radiochemistry separation and alpha spectrometry, with these techniques could be observed that the sand contains natural uranium and trace quantities of {sup 239}Pu and {sup 240}Pu combinations. The biggest activity in Pu was found in Finisterra, Baja California Sur (0.13 Bq/kg) and the minor (0 Bq/kg) in Miramar, Colima. The relationship between the geographical localization and the Pu activity suggests that while there is more interaction of the site with the oceanic currents, more is the content of Pu in the sands of the coast. (Author)

  11. On the Paleotectonic Evolution of the Pacific Margin of Southern Mexico, the Maya and Juchatengo Terranes and Chochal Formation Guatemala:Insights from Paleomagnetic and Isotopic Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero Garcia, J. C.; Herrero-Bervera, E.

    2009-05-01

    In the paleogeographic reconstruction of Mexico and northern Central America, evidence shows that the entire region is a collage of suspect terranes transported from abroad, whose timing and sense of motion are now beginning to be understood. Among these, the Chortis block and the Baja California Peninsula have been proposed as pieces of continent separated from the Pacific coast of southwestern Mexico, that have moved either southeastward by the Farallon plate or northwestward by the Kula plate. Isotopic mineral ages from coastal granites along the coast from Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco (80 Ma) to Puerto Angel, Oaxaca (11 Ma) record systematic decrease of cooling ages from NW to SE. These results also constrain the position of the Kula- Farallon spreading axis north of Puerto Vallarta. Previous studies mainly confined to the northern margin of the Chortis block, confirmed a left-lateral displacement of 130 km in Neogene time. Further studies suggested times of detachment increased to 30 Ma, 40 Ma, and 66 Ma. We conclude that several indicators, namely: (a) the truncated nature of the Pacific coast of SW Mexico; (b) the genesis of the Kula-Farallon ridge at 85 Ma; (c) the 2,600 km of northward transport of Baja British Columbia from the present-day latitude of the Baja California Peninsula, beginning at 85 Ma; (d) the paleomagnetic counterclockwise rotations of areas both in the Chortis block and along the Mexican coast, during Late Cretaceous-Paleogene time, and (e) the systematic NW-SE decrease of radiometric dates beginning at 85 Ma in Puerto Vallarta and ending at approximately 11 Ma in Puerto Angel, Oaxaca , point to this time and region for the onset of strike-slip drifting of the Chortis block toward its current position. On the other hand, in the reconstruction of past movements of tectonic plates, the determination of reliable paleomagnetic poles is of utmost importance. To achieve accurate results, a full knowledge of the rock magnetic properties of the

  12. Una Crisis para la Educacion Bilingue en Nuevo Mexico. (A Crisis for Bilingual Education in New Mexico)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benavides, Ezequiel

    1976-01-01

    Written in Spanish and English, this article briefly reviews the bilingual picture in New Mexico. If New Mexico is to succeed in attracting Federal monies for bilingual education, it must strive for unity in its efforts and objectives. (NQ)

  13. Revision of Lactarius from Mexico. Additional new records

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montoya, Leticia; Bandala, Victor M.

    2005-01-01

    Three species of Lactarius from Mexico were studied: L. deceptivus, L. luteolus and L. rimosellus. The latter two concern new records from western Mexico and from the Gulf of Mexico region, respectively, and the former was found on new localities. A study of their respective type collections and tho

  14. 78 FR 71557 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... Rules, by allotting FM Channel 268C2, Tohatchi, New Mexico, as a first local service under the Tribal... 0 2. Section 73.202(b), the Table of FM Allotments under New Mexico, is amended by adding...

  15. 78 FR 25591 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... transmission service at Crownpoint, New Mexico. (The symbol `` '' will be used to denote a channel reserved as... under New Mexico, is amended by adding Crownpoint, Channel 297A. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  16. 7 CFR 352.29 - Administrative instructions: Avocados from Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative instructions: Avocados from Mexico. 352.29 Section 352.29 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND....29 Administrative instructions: Avocados from Mexico. Avocados from Mexico may be moved through...

  17. Digital Geologic Map of New Mexico - Volcanic Vents

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The geologic map was created in GSMAP at Socorro, New Mexico by Orin Anderson and Glen Jones and published as the Geologic Map of New Mexico 1:500,000 in GSMAP...

  18. 77 FR 54601 - New Mexico; Major Disaster and Related Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency New Mexico; Major Disaster and Related Determinations AGENCY... declaration of a major disaster for the State of New Mexico (FEMA-4079-DR), dated August 24, 2012, and related... have determined that the damage in certain areas of the State of New Mexico resulting from...

  19. 76 FR 19118 - New Mexico; Major Disaster and Related Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency New Mexico; Major Disaster and Related Determinations AGENCY... declaration of a major disaster for the State of New Mexico (FEMA-1962-DR), dated March 24, 2011, and related... have determined that the damage in certain areas of the State of New Mexico resulting from a...

  20. 75 FR 43939 - The Americas Business Trade Mission to Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    .... Commercial Service, Liverpool No. 31, Col. Juarez, 06600 Mexico, DF. Tel: (52) (55) 5140-2612. Fax: (52) (55... International Trade Administration The Americas Business Trade Mission to Mexico AGENCY: International Trade... trade mission to Mexico City with an optional second stop in Monterrey, October 25-28, 2010....