Localization in abelian Chern-Simons theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
McLellan, Brendan Donald Kenneth
2013-01-01
Chern-Simons theory on a closed contact three-manifold is studied when the Lie group for gauge transformations is compact, connected, and abelian. The abelian Chern-Simons partition function is derived using the Faddeev-Popov gauge fixing method. The partition function is then formally computed u...
Chern-Simons Theory on Supermanifolds
Grassi, Pietro Antonio
2016-01-01
We consider quantum field theories on supermanifolds using integral forms. The latter are used to define a geometric theory of integration and they are essential for a consistent action principle. The construction relies on Picture Changing Operators, analogous to the one introduced in String Theory. As an application, we construct a geometric action principle for N=1 D=3 super-Chern-Simons theory.
Transport in Chern-Simons-Matter Theories
Gur-Ari, Guy; Mahajan, Raghu
2016-01-01
The frequency-dependent longitudinal and Hall conductivities --- $\\sigma_{xx}$ and $\\sigma_{xy}$ --- are dimensionless functions of $\\omega/T$ in 2+1 dimensional CFTs at nonzero temperature. These functions characterize the spectrum of charged excitations of the theory and are basic experimental observables. We compute these conductivities for large $N$ Chern-Simons theory with fermion matter. The computation is exact in the 't Hooft coupling $\\lambda$ at $N = \\infty$. We describe various physical features of the conductivity, including an explicit relation between the weight of the delta function at $\\omega = 0$ in $\\sigma_{xx}$ and the existence of infinitely many higher spin conserved currents in the theory. We also compute the conductivities perturbatively in Chern-Simons theory with scalar matter and show that the resulting functions of $\\omega/T$ agree with the strong coupling fermionic result. This provides a new test of the conjectured 3d bosonization duality. In matching the Hall conductivities we re...
Self-dual Chern-Simons theories
Dunne, Gerald
1995-01-01
Self-dual Chern-Simons theories form a new class of self-dual gauge theories and provide a field theoretical formulation of anyonic excitations in planar (i.e., two-space-dimensional) systems. Much of the recent attention of these theories is due to the surprising and novel ways in which they differ from the standard Maxwell, or Yang-Mills, gauge theories. These Chern-Simons theories are particular to planar systems and have therefore received added research impetus from recent experimental and theoretical breakthroughs in actual planar condensed-matter systems, such as the quantum Hall effect. This book gives a pedagogical introduction to the basic properties of the "self-dual" Chern-Simons theories, concluding with an overview of more advanced results and an extensive bibliography. Such models possess Bogomol'nyi energy bounds, topological charges, vortex solutions, and supersymmetric extensions, features which are familiar from other well-known self-dual systems such as instantons, monopoles, and vortices....
Combinatorial quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Motivated by a recent paper of Fock and Rosly we describe a mathematically precise quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory. We introduce the Chern-Simons theory on the lattice which reproduces the results of the continuous theory exactly. The lattice model enjoys the symmetry with respect to a quantum gauge group. Using this fact we construct the algebra of observables of the Hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory equipped with a *-operation and a positive inner product. (authors)
Maxwell-Chern-Simons Theory With Boundary
Blasi, A; Magnoli, N; Storace, S
2010-01-01
The Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) theory with planar boundary is considered. The boundary is introduced according to Symanzik's basic principles of locality and separability. A method of investigation is proposed, which, avoiding the straight computation of correlators, is appealing for situations where the computation of propagators, modified by the boundary, becomes quite complex. For MCS theory, the outcome is that a unique solution exists, in the form of chiral conserved currents, satisfying a Kac-Mody algebra, whose central charge does not depend on the Maxwell term.
Localization at large N in Chern-Simons-matter theories
Marino, Marcos
2016-01-01
We review some exact results for the matrix models appearing in the localization of Chern-Simons-matter theories, focusing on the structure of non-perturbative effects and onthe M-theory expansion of ABJM theory. We also summarize some of the results obtained for other Chern-Simons-matter theories, as well as recent applications to topological strings.
Perturbative Chern-Simons theory revisited
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
McLellan, Brendan Donald Kenneth
2013-01-01
We reconsider perturbative Chern-Simons theory on a closed and oriented three-manifold with a choice of contact structure following C. Beasley and E. Witten. Closed three manifolds that admit a Sasakian structure are explicitly computed to first order in perturbation in terms of their Seifert data....... The general problem of extending this work to arbitrary three-manifolds is presented and some initial observations are made. Mathematically, this article is closely related to the work of Rumin and Seshadri and an index type theorem in the contact geometric setting....
Resurgence in complex Chern-Simons theory
Gukov, Sergei; Putrov, Pavel
2016-01-01
We study resurgence properties of partition function of SU(2) Chern-Simons theory (WRT invariant) on closed three-manifolds. We check explicitly that in various examples Borel transforms of asymptotic expansions posses expected analytic properties. In examples that we study we observe that contribution of irreducible flat connections to the path integral can be recovered from asymptotic expansions around abelian flat connections. We also discuss connection to Floer instanton moduli spaces, disk instantons in 2d sigma models, and length spectra of "complex geodesics" on the A-polynomial curve.
Abelian Chern-Simons theory and contact torsion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
McLellan, Brendan Donald Kenneth
2013-01-01
Chern-Simons theory on a closed contact three-manifold is studied when the Lie group for gauge transformations is compact, connected and abelian. A shift reduced abelian Chern-Simons partition function is introduced using an alternative formulation of the partition function using formal ideas in ...... quantum field theory. We compare the shift reduced partition function with other formulations of the abelian Chern-Simons partition function. This study naturally motivates an Atiyah-Patodi-Singer type index problem in contact geometry.......Chern-Simons theory on a closed contact three-manifold is studied when the Lie group for gauge transformations is compact, connected and abelian. A shift reduced abelian Chern-Simons partition function is introduced using an alternative formulation of the partition function using formal ideas in...
Diamagnetic Vortices in Chern Simons Theory
Anber, Mohamed M; Sabancilar, Eray; Shaposhnikov, Mikhail
2015-01-01
We find a new type of topological vortex solution in the $U(1)_Z \\times U(1)_A$ Chern Simons gauge theory in the presence of a $U(1)_A$ magnetic field background. In this theory $U(1)_Z$ is broken spontaneously by the $U(1)_A$ magnetic field. These vortices exhibit long range interactions as they are charged under the unbroken $U(1)_A$. They deplete the $U(1)_A$ magnetic field near their core and also break both $C$ and $P$ symmetries. Understanding the nature of these vortices sheds light on the ground state structure of the superconductivity studied in [1]. We also study the Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition in this class of theories and point out that superconductivity can be achieved at high temperatures by increasing the $U(1)_A$ magnetic field.
Chern-Simons-like Gravity Theories
Bergshoeff, Eric A; Hohm, Olaf; Merbis, Wout; Routh, Alasdair J.; Townsend, Paul K.
2014-01-01
A wide class of three-dimensional gravity models can be put into "Chern-Simons-like" form. We perform a Hamiltonian analysis of the general model and then specialise to Einstein-Cartan Gravity, General Massive Gravity, the recently proposed Zwei-Dreibein Gravity and a further parity violating generalisation combining the latter two.
Level/rank Duality and Chern-Simons-Matter Theories
Hsin, Po-Shen
2016-01-01
We discuss in detail level/rank duality in three-dimensional Chern-Simons theories and various related dualities in three-dimensional Chern-Simons-matter theories. We couple the dual Lagrangians to appropriate background fields (including gauge fields, spin$_c$ connections and the metric). The non-trivial maps between the currents and the line operators in the dual theories is accounted for by mixing of these fields. In order for the duality to be valid we must add finite counterterms depending on these background fields. This analysis allows us to resolve a number of puzzles with these dualities, to provide derivations of some of them, and to find new consistency conditions and relations between them. In addition, we find new level/rank dualities of topological Chern-Simons theories and new dualities of Chern-Simons-matter theories, including new boson/boson and fermion/fermion dualities.
Frobenius-Chern-Simons gauge theory
Bonezzi, Roberto; Sezgin, Ergin; Sundell, Per
2016-01-01
Given a set of differential forms on an odd-dimensional noncommutative manifold valued in an internal associative algebra H, we show that the most general cubic covariant Hamiltonian action, without mass terms, is controlled by an Z_2-graded associative algebra F with a graded symmetric nondegenerate bilinear form. The resulting class of models provide a natural generalization of the Frobenius-Chern-Simons model (FCS) that was proposed in arXiv:1505.04957 as an off-shell formulation of the minimal bosonic four-dimensional higher spin gravity theory. If F is unital and the Z_2-grading is induced from a Klein operator that is outer to a proper Frobenius subalgebra, then the action can be written on a form akin to topological open string field theory in terms of a superconnection valued in the direct product of H and F. We give a new model of this type based on a twisting of C[Z_2 x Z_4], which leads to self-dual complexified gauge fields on AdS_4. If F is 3-graded, the FCS model can be truncated consistently as...
Chern-Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vohanka, Jiri [Masaryk University, Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Brno (Czech Republic); Faizal, Mir [University of Waterloo, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Waterloo, ON (Canada)
2015-12-15
In this paper,wewill analyze a three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace formalism. The breaking of the Lorentz symmetry down to the SIM(1) symmetry breaks half the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant theory. So, the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant Chern-Simons theory with N = 1 supersymmetry will break down to N = 1/2 supersymmetry, when the Lorentz symmetry is broken down to the SIM(1) symmetry. First, we will write the Chern-Simons action using SIM(1) projections ofN = 1 superfields. However, as the SIM(1) transformations of these projections are very complicated, we will define SIM(1) superfields which transform simply under SIM(1) transformations. We will then express the Chern-Simons action using these SIM(1) superfields. Furthermore, we will analyze the gauge symmetry of this Chern-Simons theory. This is the first time that a Chern-Simons theory with N = 1/2 supersymmetry will be constructed on a manifold without a boundary. (orig.)
New phase transitions in Chern-Simons matter theory
Zahabi, Ali
2016-02-01
Applying the machinery of random matrix theory and Toeplitz determinants we study the level k, U (N) Chern-Simons theory coupled with fundamental matter on S2 ×S1 at finite temperature T. This theory admits a discrete matrix integral representation, i.e. a unitary discrete matrix model of two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. In this study, the effective partition function and phase structure of the Chern-Simons matter theory, in a special case with an effective potential namely the Gross-Witten-Wadia potential, are investigated. We obtain an exact expression for the partition function of the Chern-Simons matter theory as a function of k, N, T, for finite values and in the asymptotic regime. In the Gross-Witten-Wadia case, we show that ratio of the Chern-Simons matter partition function and the continuous two-dimensional Yang-Mills partition function, in the asymptotic regime, is the Tracy-Widom distribution. Consequently, using the explicit results for free energy of the theory, new second-order and third-order phase transitions are observed. Depending on the phase, in the asymptotic regime, Chern-Simons matter theory is represented either by a continuous or discrete two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory, separated by a third-order domain wall.
Anyonic states in Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We discuss the canonical quantization of Chern-Simons theory in 2+1 dimensions, minimally coupled to a Dirac spinor field, first in the temporal gauge and then in the Coulomb gauge. In our temporal gauge formulation, Gauss's law and the gauge condition A0=0 are implemented by embedding the formulation in an appropriate physical subspace. We construct a Fock space of charged particle states that satisfy Gauss's law, and show that they obey fermion, not fractional statistics. The gauge-invariant spinor field that creates these charged states from the vacuum obeys the anticommutation rules that generally apply to spinor fields. The Hamiltonian, when described in the representation in which the charged fermions are the propagating particle excitations that obey Gauss's law, contains an interaction between charge and transverse current densities. We observe that the implementation of Gauss's law and the gauge condition does not require us to use fields with graded commutator algebras or particle excitations with fractional statistics. In our Coulomb gauge formulation, we implement Gauss's law and the gauge condition ∂lAl=0 by the Dirac-Bergmann procedure. In this formulation, the constrained gauge fields become functionals of the spinor fields, and are not independent degrees of freedom. The formulation in the Coulomb gauge confirms the results we obtained in the temporal gauge: The ''Dirac-Bergmann'' anticommutation rule for the charged spinor fiels ψ and ψdegree that have both been constrained to obey Gauss's law is precisely identical to the canonical spinor anticommutation rule that generates standard fermion statistics. And we also show that the Hamiltonians for charged particle states in our temporal and Coulomb gauge formulations are identical, once Gauss's law has been implemented in both cases
Perturbative Chern-Simons Theory on Noncommutative R3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A U(N) Chern-Simons theory on noncommutative /mathbb{R}{3} is constructed as a q-deformed field theory. The model is characterized by two symmetries: the BRST-symmetry and the topological linear vector supersymmetry. It is shown that the theory is finite and /q{/m/n}-independent at the one loop level and that the calculations respect the restriction of the topological supersymmetry. Thus the topological q-deformed Chern-Simons theory is an example of a model which is non-singular in the limit q → 0. (author)
Lecture notes on Chern-Simons-Witten theory
Hu, Sen
2001-01-01
This invaluable monograph has arisen in part from E Witten's lectures on topological quantum field theory in the spring of 1989 at Princeton University. At that time Witten unified several important mathematical works in terms of quantum field theory, most notably the Donaldson polynomial, the Gromov-Floer homology and the Jones polynomials. In his lectures, among other things, Witten explained his intrinsic three-dimensional construction of Jones polynomials via Chern-Simons gauge theory. He provided both a rigorous proof of the geometric quantization of the Chern-Simons action and a very ill
Black hole entropy and SU(2) Chern-Simons theory
Engle, Jonathan; Perez, Alejandro
2009-01-01
We show that the isolated horizon boundary condition can be treated in a manifestly SU(2) invariant manner. The symplectic structure of gravity with the isolated horizon boundary condition has an SU(2) Chern-Simons symplectic structure contribution at the horizon with level k=a_H/ (4\\pi \\beta \\ell^2_p). Upon quantization, state counting is expressed in terms of the dimension of Chern-Simons Hilbert spaces on a sphere with marked points (defects). In the large black hole limit quantum horizon degrees of freedom can be modelled by a single intertwiner. The coupling constant of the defects with the Chern Simons theory on the horizon is precisely given by the ratio of the area contribution of the defect to the macroscopic area a_H, namely \\lambda= 16\\pi^2 \\beta \\ell^2_p (j(j+1))^(1/2)/a_H.
Parity anomaly in D=3 Chern-Simons gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ultraviolet divergences are calcelled in the effective action of the D=3 Chern-Simons gauge theory but regularization is needed. It is impossible to introduce gauge invariant regularization and conserve the parity of the classical action. As a result, in the limit when regularization is moved the finite contribution to the effective action induced by parity violating regulators remains. 18 refs
A Lie based 4-dimensional higher Chern-Simons theory
Zucchini, Roberto
2015-01-01
We present and study a model of 4-dimensional higher Chern-Simons theory, special Chern-Simons (SCS) theory, instances of which have appeared in the string literature, whose symmetry is encoded in a skeletal semistrict Lie 2-algebra constructed from a compact Lie group with non discrete center. The field content of SCS theory consists of a Lie valued 2-connection coupled to a background closed 3-form. SCS theory enjoys a large gauge and gauge for gauge symmetry organized in an infinite dimensional strict Lie 2-group. The partition function of SCS theory is simply related to that of a topological gauge theory localizing on flat connections with degree 3 second characteristic class determined by the background 3-form. Finally, SCS theory is related to a 3-dimensional special gauge theory whose 2-connection space has a natural symplectic structure with respect to which the 1-gauge transformation action is Hamiltonian, the 2-curvature map acting as moment map.
A Lie based 4-dimensional higher Chern-Simons theory
Zucchini, Roberto
2016-05-01
We present and study a model of 4-dimensional higher Chern-Simons theory, special Chern-Simons (SCS) theory, instances of which have appeared in the string literature, whose symmetry is encoded in a skeletal semistrict Lie 2-algebra constructed from a compact Lie group with non discrete center. The field content of SCS theory consists of a Lie valued 2-connection coupled to a background closed 3-form. SCS theory enjoys a large gauge and gauge for gauge symmetry organized in an infinite dimensional strict Lie 2-group. The partition function of SCS theory is simply related to that of a topological gauge theory localizing on flat connections with degree 3 second characteristic class determined by the background 3-form. Finally, SCS theory is related to a 3-dimensional special gauge theory whose 2-connection space has a natural symplectic structure with respect to which the 1-gauge transformation action is Hamiltonian, the 2-curvature map acting as moment map.
Perturbative and nonperturbative aspects of complex Chern-Simons Theory
Dimofte, Tudor
2016-01-01
We present an elementary review of some aspects of Chern-Simons theory with complex gauge group SL(N,C). We discuss some of the challenges in defining the theory as a full-fledged TQFT, as well as some successes inspired by the 3d-3d correspondence. The 3d-3d correspondence relates partition functions (and other aspects) of complex Chern-Simons theory on a 3-manifold M to supersymmetric partition functions (and other observables) in an associated 3d theory T[M]. Many of these observables may be computed by supersymmetric localization. We present several prominent applications to 3-manifold topology and number theory in light of the 3d-3d correspondence.
Topological entanglement negativity in Chern-Simons theories
Wen, Xueda; Ryu, Shinsei
2016-01-01
We study the topological entanglement negativity between two spatial regions in (2+1)-dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theories by using the replica trick and the surgery method. For a bipartitioned or tripartitioned spatial manifold, we show how the topological entanglement negativity depends on the presence of quasiparticles and the choice of ground states. In particular, for two adjacent non-contractible regions on a tripartitioned torus, the entanglement negativity provides a simple way to distinguish Abelian and non-Abelian theories. Our method applies to a Chern-Simons gauge theory defined on an arbitrary oriented (2+1)-dimensional spacetime manifold. Our results agree with the edge theory approach in a recent work (X. Wen, S. Matsuura and S. Ryu, arXiv:1603.08534).
Higher Spins from Nambu-Chern-Simons Theory
Arvanitakis, Alex S.
2016-07-01
We propose a new theory of higher spin gravity in three spacetime dimensions. This is defined by what we will call a Nambu-Chern-Simons (NCS) action; this is to a Nambu 3-algebra as an ordinary Chern-Simons (CS) action is to a Lie (2-)algebra. The novelty is that the gauge group of this theory is simple; this stands in contrast to previously understood interacting 3D higher spin theories in the frame-like formalism. We also consider the N = 8 supersymmetric NCS-matter model (BLG theory), where the NCS action originated: Its fully supersymmetric M2 brane configurations are interpreted as Hopf fibrations, the homotopy type of the (infinite) gauge group is calculated and its instantons are classified.
Higher spins from Nambu-Chern-Simons theory
Arvanitakis, Alex S
2015-01-01
We propose a new theory of higher spin gravity in three spacetime dimensions. This is defined by what we will call a Nambu-Chern-Simons (NCS) action; this is to a Nambu 3-algebra as an ordinary Chern-Simons (CS) action is to a Lie (2-)algebra. The novelty is that the gauge group of this theory is \\emph{simple}; this stands in contrast to previously understood interacting 3D higher spin theories in the frame-like formalism. We also consider the $N=8$ supersymmetric NCS-matter model (BLG theory), where the NCS action originated: Its fully supersymmetric M2 brane configurations are interpreted as Hopf fibrations, the homotopy type of the (infinite) gauge group is calculated and its instantons are classified.
The matrix Chern-Simons one-form as a Universal Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider different large N limits of the one-dimensional Chern-Simons action i∫dtTr(-bar 0+A0) where A0 is an NxN anti-Hermitian matrix. The Hilbert space on which A0 acts as a linear transformation is taken as the quantization of a 2k-dimensional phase space M with different gauge field backgrounds. For slowly varying fields, the large N limit of the one-dimensional CS action is equal to the (2k+1)-dimensional CS theory on MxR. Different large N limits are parametrized by the gauge fields and the dimension 2k. The result is related to the bulk action for quantum Hall droplets in higher dimensions. Since the isometries of M are gauged, this has implications for gravity on fuzzy spaces. This is also briefly discussed
Chern-Simons theory coupled to bifundamental scalars
Banerjee, Shamik
2013-01-01
We study the three-dimensional theory of two Chern-Simons gauge fields coupled to a scalar field in the bifundamental representation of the SU(N)_k \\times SU(M)_{-k} gauge group. At small but fixed M \\ll N, this system approaches the theory of a Chern-Simons field coupled to fundamental matter, conjectured to be dual to a parity-violating version of Vasiliev's higher-spin gauge theory in AdS_4. At finite M/N and large 't Hooft coupling this theory (or its SUSY version) is expected to be dual to an Einstein-like gravity. We show at two loops that this theory possesses a line of fixed points at any value of M/N. We also prove that turning on a finite but small M/N gaps out the light states that Chern-Simons theory coupled to fundamental matter develops when placed on a torus. We also comment on the higher genus case.
Combinatorial quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory II
Alekseev, Anton Yu.; Grosse, Harald; Schomerus, Volker
1996-01-01
This paper further develops the combinatorial approach to quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern Simons theory advertised in [1]. Using the theory of quantum Wilson lines, we show how the Verlinde algebra appears within the context of quantum group gauge theory. This allows to discuss flatness of quantum connections so that we can give a mathematically rigorous definition of the algebra of observables A CS of the Chern Simons model. It is a *-algebra of “functions on the quantum moduli space of flat connections” and comes equipped with a positive functional ω (“integration”). We prove that this data does not depend on the particular choices which have been made in the construction. Following ideas of Fock and Rosly [2], the algebra A CS provides a deformation quantization of the algebra of functions on the moduli space along the natural Poisson bracket induced by the Chern Simons action. We evaluate a volume of the quantized moduli space and prove that it coincides with the Verlinde number. This answer is also interpreted as a partition partition function of the lattice Yang-Mills theory corresponding to a quantum gauge group.
Combinatorial quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory, 2
Alekseev, A Yu; Schomerus, V; Grosse, H; Schomerus, V
1994-01-01
This paper further develops the combinatorial approach to quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern Simons theory advertised in \\cite{AGS}. Using the theory of quantum Wilson lines, we show how the Verlinde algebra appears within the context of quantum group gauge theory. This allows to discuss flatness of quantum connections so that we can give a mathe- matically rigorous definition of the algebra of observables \\A_{CS} of the Chern Simons model. It is a *-algebra of ``functions on the quantum moduli space of flat connections'' and comes equipped with a positive functional \\omega (``integration''). We prove that this data does not depend on the particular choices which have been made in the construction. Following ideas of Fock and Rosly \\cite{FoRo}, the algebra \\A_{CS} provides a deformation quantization of the algebra of functions on the moduli space along the natural Poisson bracket induced by the Chern Simons action. We evaluate a volume of the quantized moduli space and prove that it coincides with the Verl...
Dual Superconformal Symmetry of N=6 Chern-Simons Theory
Huang, Yu-tin
2010-01-01
We demonstrate that the four and six-point tree-level amplitudes of N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory (ABJM) enjoy OSp(6|4) dual superconformal symmetry if one enlarges the dual superspace to include three additional Grassmann-even coordinates which correspond to the abelian isometry of CP^3. The inclusion of these coordinates enables us to match the nontrivial dual superconformal generators with level-one Yangian generators when acting on on-shell amplitudes. We also discuss some implications of dual conformal symmetry for loop-level amplitudes.
Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Walcher, J [Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)
2006-10-21
This book is a find. Marino meets the challenge of filling in less than 200 pages the need for an accessible review of topological gauge/gravity duality. He is one of the pioneers of the subject and a clear expositor. It is no surprise that reading this book is a great pleasure. The existence of dualities between gauge theories and theories of gravity remains one of the most surprising recent discoveries in mathematical physics. While it is probably fair to say that we do not yet understand the full reach of such a relation, the impressive amount of evidence that has accumulated over the past years can be regarded as a substitute for a proof, and will certainly help to delineate the question of what is the most fundamental quantum mechanical theory. Here is a brief summary of the book. The journey begins with matrix models and an introduction to various techniques for the computation of integrals including perturbative expansion, large-N approximation, saddle point analysis, and the method of orthogonal polynomials. The second chapter, on Chern-Simons theory, is the longest and probably the most complete one in the book. Starting from the action we meet Wilson loop observables, the associated perturbative 3-manifold invariants, Witten's exact solution via the canonical duality to WZW models, the framing ambiguity, as well as a collection of results on knot invariants that can be derived from Chern-Simons theory and the combinatorics of U ({infinity}) representation theory. The chapter also contains a careful derivation of the large-N expansion of the Chern-Simons partition function, which forms the cornerstone of its interpretation as a closed string theory. Finally, we learn that Chern-Simons theory can sometimes also be represented as a matrix model. The story then turns to the gravity side, with an introduction to topological sigma models (chapter 3) and topological string theory (chapter 4). While this presentation is necessarily rather condensed (and the
Vortex solutions of PCT-invariant Maxwell-Dirac-Chern-Simons gauge theory
Shin, J
1997-01-01
We construct PCT-invariant Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge theory coupled to fermions with adding the parity partner to the matter and the gauge field= s, which can give nontopological vortex solutions depending on the sign of t= he Chern-Simons coupling constant.
Framing and localization in Chern-Simons theories with matter
Bianchi, Marco S; Leoni, Matias; Mauri, Andrea; Penati, Silvia; Seminara, Domenico
2016-01-01
Supersymmetric localization provides exact results that should match QFT computations in some regularization scheme. The agreement is particularly subtle in three dimensions where complex answers from localization procedure sometimes arise. We investigate this problem by studying the expectation value of the 1/6 BPS Wilson loop in planar ABJ(M) theory at three loops in perturbation theory. We reproduce the corresponding term in the localization result and argue that it originates entirely from a non-trivial framing of the circular contour. Contrary to pure Chern-Simons theory, we point out that for ABJ(M) the framing phase is a non-trivial function of the couplings and that it potentially receives contributions from vertex-like diagrams. Finally, we briefly discuss the intimate link between the exact framing factor and the Bremsstrahlung function of the 1/2-BPS cusp.
Framing and localization in Chern-Simons theories with matter
Bianchi, Marco S.; Griguolo, Luca; Leoni, Matias; Mauri, Andrea; Penati, Silvia; Seminara, Domenico
2016-06-01
Supersymmetric localization provides exact results that should match QFT computations in some regularization scheme. The agreement is particularly subtle in three dimensions where complex answers from localization procedure sometimes arise. We investigate this problem by studying the expectation value of the 1/6 BPS Wilson loop in planar ABJ(M) theory at three loops in perturbation theory. We reproduce the corresponding term in the localization result and argue that it originates entirely from a non-trivial framing of the circular contour. Contrary to pure Chern-Simons theory, we point out that for ABJ(M) the framing phase is a non-trivial function of the couplings and that it potentially receives contributions from vertex-like diagrams. Finally, we briefly discuss the intimate link between the exact framing factor and the Bremsstrahlung function of the 1/2-BPS cusp.
Quantum modularity and complex Chern-Simons theory
Dimofte, Tudor
2015-01-01
The Quantum Modularity Conjecture of Zagier predicts the existence of a formal power series with arithmetically interesting coefficients that appears in the asymptotics of the Kashaev invariant at each root of unity. Our goal is to construct a power series from a Neumann-Zagier datum (i.e., an ideal triangulation of the knot complement and a geometric solution to the gluing equations) and a complex root of unity $\\zeta$. We prove that the coefficients of our series lie in the trace field of the knot, adjoined a complex root of unity. We conjecture that our series are those that appear in the Quantum Modularity Conjecture and confirm that they match the numerical asymptotics of the Kashaev invariant (at various roots of unity) computed by Zagier and the first author. Our construction is motivated by the analysis of singular limits in Chern-Simons theory with gauge group $SL(2,C)$ at fixed level $k$, where $\\zeta^k=1$.
Superconformal Chern-Simons-matter theories in N =4 superspace
Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Samsonov, Igor B.
2015-11-01
In three dimensions, every known N =4 supermultiplet has an off-shell completion. However, there is no off-shell N =4 formulation for the known extended superconformal Chern-Simons (CS) theories with eight and more supercharges. To achieve a better understanding of this issue, we provide N =4 superfield realizations for the equations of motion which correspond to various N =4 and N =6 superconformal CS theories, including the Gaiotto-Witten theory and the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory. These superfield realizations demonstrate that the superconformal CS theories with N ≥4 (except for the Gaiotto-Witten theory) require a reducible long N =4 vector multiplet, from which the standard left and right N =4 vector multiplets are obtained by constraining the field strength to be either self-dual or antiself-dual. Such a long multiplet naturally originates upon reduction of any off-shell N >4 vector multiplet to N =4 superspace. For the long N =4 vector multiplet we develop a prepotential formulation. It makes use of two prepotentials being subject to the constraint which defines the so-called hybrid projective multiplets introduced in the framework of N =4 supergravity-matter systems in arXiv:1101.4013. We also couple N =4 superconformal CS theories to N =4 conformal supergravity.
Dimension of Conformal Blocks in Five Dimensional Kaehler-Chern-Simons Theory
Liu, Haitao
2009-01-01
We briefly review the Kaehler-Chern-Simon theory on 5-manifolds which are trivial circle bundles over 4-dimensional Kaehler manifolds and present a detailed calculation of the path integral, using the method of Blau and Thompson.
Embedded graph invariants in Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chern-Simons gauge theory, since its inception as a topological quantum field theory, has proved to be a rich source of understanding for knot invariants. In this work the theory is used to explore the definition of the expectation value of a network of Wilson lines -- an embedded graph invariant. Using a generalization of the variational method, lowest-order results for invariants for graphs of arbitrary valence and general vertex tangent space structure are derived. Gauge invariant operators are introduced. Higher order results are found. The method used here provides a Vassiliev-type definition of graph invariants which depend on both the embedding of the graph and the group structure of the gauge theory. It is found that one need not frame individual vertices. However, without a global projection of the graph there is an ambiguity in the relation of the decomposition of distinct vertices. It is suggested that framing may be seen as arising from this ambiguity -- as a way of relating frames at distinct vertices
How to resum perturbative series in 3d N=2 Chern-Simons matter theories
Honda, Masazumi
2016-01-01
Continuing the work arXiv:1603.06207, we study perturbative series in general 3d $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric Chern-Simons matter theory with $U(1)_R$ symmetry, which is given by a power series expansion of inverse Chern-Simons levels. We find that perturbative series are usually non-Borel summable along positive real axis for various observables. Alternatively we prove that the perturbative series are Borel summable along negative (positive) imaginary axis for positive (negative) Chern-Simons levels. It turns out that the Borel resummations along this direction are the same as exact results.
String field theory, non-commutative Chern-Simons theory and Lie algebra cohomology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Motivated by noncommutative Chern-Simons theory, we construct an infinite class of field theories that satisfy the axioms of Witten's string field theory. These constructions have no propagating open string degrees of freedom. We demonstrate the existence of non-trivial classical solutions. We find Wilson loop-like observables in these examples. (author)
Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory for curved spacetime backgrounds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider a modified version of four-dimensional electrodynamics, which has a photonic Chern-Simons-like term with spacelike background vector in the action. Light propagation in curved spacetime backgrounds is discussed using the geometrical-optics approximation. The corresponding light path is modified, which allows for new effects. In a Schwarzschild background, for example, there now exist stable bounded orbits of light rays and the two polarization modes of light rays in unbounded orbits can have different gravitational redshifts
On supersymmetric Chern-Simons-type theories in five dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Novak, Joseph [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia)
2014-02-24
We present a closed-form expression for the supersymmetric non-Abelian Chern-Simons action in conventional five-dimensional N=1 superspace. Our construction makes use of the superform formalism to generate supersymmetric invariants. Similar ideas are applied to construct supersymmetric actions for off-shell supermultiplets with an intrinsic central charge. In particular, the large tensor supermultiplet is described in superspace for the first time.
A Higher-Spin Chern-Simons Theory of Anyons
Boulanger, Nicolas; Valenzuela, Mauricio
2013-01-01
We propose Chern-Simons models of fractional-spin fields interacting with ordinary tensorial higher-spin fields and internal color gauge fields. For integer and half-integer values of the fractional spins, the model reduces to finite sets of fields modulo infinite-dimensional ideals. We present the model on-shell using Fock-space representations of the underlying deformed-oscillator algebra.
Black hole entropy and SU(2) Chern-Simons theory
Engle, Jonathan; Noui, Karim; Perez, Alejandro
2009-01-01
Black holes in equilibrium can be defined locally in terms of the so-called isolated horizon boundary condition given on a null surface representing the event horizon. We show that this boundary condition can be treated in a manifestly SU(2) invariant manner. Upon quantization, state counting is expressed in terms of the dimension of Chern-Simons Hilbert spaces on a sphere with marked points. Moreover, the counting can be mapped to counting the number of SU(2) intertwiners compatible with the...
Classical optics in generalized Maxwell Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The authors consider the propagation of electromagnetic waves in a two-dimensional polarizable medium endowed with Chern-Simons terms. The dispersion relation (refractive index) of the waves is computed and the existence of linear birefringence and anomalous dispersion is shown. When absorption is taken into account, the classic signature of a Voigt effect is found. In the case where linearly-polarized, three-dimensional waves pass through a two-dimensional plane, it is shown that there is optical activity, and the analogue of Verdet's constant is computed. 19 refs., 2 figs
On the Chern-Simons State in General Relativity and Modified Gravity Theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Chern-Simons state is one solution to quantum constraints of gravity in the context of general relativity (GR) theory if we use Ashtekar's variables and if one orders the constraints with the triads to the left. Six years ago Krasnov introduced a certain class of modified gravity theories by replacing the cosmological constant by a cosmological function of the curvature. If this function is a constant we come back to GR. In this note we review how the Chern-Simons state is one solution to the constraints of GR and we state the problem to face if we wish a generalized Chern-Simons state for the modified Krasnov's theories
3D gravity with torsion as a Chern-Simons gauge theory
Blagojevic, M; Vasilic, M.
2003-01-01
We show that topological 3D gravity with torsion can be formulated as a Chern-Simons gauge theory, provided a specific parameter, known as the effective cosmological constant, is negative. In that case, the boundary dynamics of the theory corresponding to anti-de Sitter boundary conditions is described by a conformal field theory with two different central charges.
Black hole entropy and SU(2) Chern-Simons theory.
Engle, Jonathan; Noui, Karim; Perez, Alejandro
2010-07-16
Black holes (BH's) in equilibrium can be defined locally in terms of the so-called isolated horizon boundary condition given on a null surface representing the event horizon. We show that this boundary condition can be treated in a manifestly SU(2) invariant manner. Upon quantization, state counting is expressed in terms of the dimension of Chern-Simons Hilbert spaces on a sphere with punctures. Remarkably, when considering an ensemble of fixed horizon area a(H), the counting can be mapped to simply counting the number of SU(2) intertwiners compatible with the spins labeling the punctures. The resulting BH entropy is proportional to a(H) with logarithmic corrections ΔS=-3/2 loga(H). Our treatment from first principles settles previous controversies concerning the counting of states. PMID:20867755
Light-like polygonal Wilson loops in 3d Chern-Simons and ABJM theory
Henn, Johannes M.; Plefka, Jan; Wiegandt, Konstantin
2010-01-01
We study light-like polygonal Wilson loops in three-dimensional Chern-Simons and ABJM theory to two-loop order. For both theories we demonstrate that the one-loop contribution to these correlators cancels. For pure Chern-Simons, we find that specific UV divergences arise from diagrams involving two cusps, implying the loss of finiteness and topological invariance at two-loop order. Studying those UV divergences we derive anomalous conformal Ward identities for n-cusped Wilson loops which rest...
Vortex solutions of a Maxwell-Chern-Simons field coupled to four-fermion theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We find the static vortex solutions of the model of a Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge field coupled to a (2+1)-dimensional four-fermion theory. Especially, we introduce two matter currents coupled to the gauge field minimally: the electromagnetic current and a topological current associated with the electromagnetic current. Unlike other Chern-Simons solitons the N-soliton solution of this theory has binding energy and the stability of the solutions is maintained by the charge conservation laws. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Path-integral measure for Chern-Simons theory within the stochastic quantization approach
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We discuss how the dependence of the path-integral measure on the metric affects the generating functional for the d=3 Chern-Simons theory. Using the stochastic quantization, we show that the choice of an invariant measure preserves the topological character of the theory. (author). 18 refs
Chern-Simons Invariants on Hyperbolic Manifolds and Topological Quantum Field Theories
Bonora, Loriano; Goncalves, Antonio E
2016-01-01
We derive formulas for the classical Chern-Simons invariant of irreducible $SU(n)$-flat connections on negatively curved locally symmetric three-manifolds. We determine the condition for which the theory remains consistent (with basic physical principles). We show that a connection between holomorphic values of Selberg-type functions at point zero, associated with R-torsion of the flat bundle, and twisted Dirac operators acting on negatively curved manifolds, can be interpreted by means of the Chern-Simons invariant. On the basis of Labastida-Marino-Ooguri-Vafa conjecture we analyze a representation of the Chern-Simons quantum partition function (as a generating series of quantum group invariants) in the form of an infinite product weighted by S-functions and Selberg-type functions. We consider the case of links and a knot and use the Rogers approach to discover certain symmetry and modular form identities.
Probing Wilson loops in N = 4 Chern-Simons-matter theories at weak coupling
Griguolo, Luca; Leoni, Matias; Mauri, Andrea; Penati, Silvia; Seminara, Domenico
2016-02-01
For three-dimensional N = 4 super-Chern-Simons-matter theories associated to necklace quivers U (N0) × U (N1) × ⋯ U (N 2 r - 1), we study at quantum level the two kinds of 1/2 BPS Wilson loop operators recently introduced http://arxiv.org/abs/1507
SL(2,C) Chern-Simons Theory, Flat Connections, and Four-dimensional Quantum Geometry
Haggard, Hal M; Kaminski, Wojciech; Riello, Aldo
2015-01-01
The present paper analyze SL(2,$\\mathbb{C}$) Chern-Simons theory on a class of graph complement 3-manifolds, and its relation with classical and quantum geometries on 4-dimensional manifolds. In classical theory, we explain the correspondence between a class of SL(2,$\\mathbb{C}$) flat connections on 3-manifold and the Lorentzian simplicial geometries in 4 dimensions. The class of flat connections on the graph complement 3-manifold is specified by a certain boundary condition. The corresponding simplicial 4-dimensional geometries are made by constant curvature 4-simplices. The quantization of 4d simplicial geometry can be carried out via the quantization of flat connection on 3-manifold in Chern-Simons theory. In quantum SL(2,$\\mathbb{C}$) Chern-Simons theory, a basis of physical wave functions is the class of (holomorphic) 3d block, defined by analytically continued Chern-Simons path integral over Lefschetz thimbles. Here we propose that the (holomorphic) 3d block with the proper boundary condition imposed gi...
Physical Variables of d=3 Maxwell-Chern-Simons Theory by Symplectic Projector Method
Helayel-Neto, J. A.; Santos, M. A.; Vancea, I. V.
2006-12-01
The Symplectic Projector Method is applied to derive the local physical degrees of freedom and the physical Hamiltonian of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in $d=1+2$. The results agree with the ones obtained in the literature through different approaches.
Physical Variables of $d=3$ Maxwell-Chern-Simons Theory by Symplectic Projector Method
Helayel-Neto, J A; Vancea, I V
2004-01-01
The Symplectic Projector Method is applied to derive the local physical degrees of freedom and the physical Hamiltonian of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in $d=1+2$. The results agree with the ones obtained in the literature through different approaches.
Eigenvalue distributions in matrix models for Chern-Simons-matter theories
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The eigenvalue distribution is investigated for matrix models related via the localization to Chern-Simons-matter theories. An integral representation of the planar resolvent is used to derive the positions of the branch points of the planar resolvent in the large 't Hooft coupling limit. Various known exact results on eigenvalue distributions and the expectation value of Wilson loops are reproduced.
Asymptotic completeness and the three-dimensional gauge theory having the Chern-Simon term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The three-dimensional Abelian gauge theory having the Chern-Simon term is studied. When matter current is absent, the gauge field in covariant gauge is explicitly expressed in terms of asymptotic fields. It is shown that the mechanism of mass generation can be understood as a kind of the Higgs mechanism
Quaternion based generalization of Chern-Simons theories in arbitrary dimensions
D'Adda, Alessandro; Shimode, Naoki; Tsukioka, Takuya
2016-01-01
A generalization of Chern-Simons gauge theory is formulated in any dimension and arbitrary gauge group where gauge fields and gauge parameters are differential forms of any degree. The quaternion algebra structure of this formulation is shown to be equivalent to a three Z(2)-gradings structure, thus clarifying the quaternion role in a previous formulation.
Canonical quantization of the WZW model with defects and Chern-Simons theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sarkissian, Gor
2010-01-01
We perform canonical quantization of the WZW model with defects and permutation branes. We establish symplectomorphism between phase space of WZW model with $N$ defects on cylinder and phase space of Chern-Simons theory on annulus times $R$ with $N$ Wilson lines, and between phase space of WZW...
Refined Chern-Simons Theory in Genus Two
Arthamonov, Semeon
2015-01-01
Reshetikhin-Turaev (a.k.a. Chern-Simons) TQFT is a functor that associates vector spaces to two-dimensional genus g surfaces and linear operators to automorphisms of surfaces. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that there exists a Macdonald q,t-deformation -- refinement -- of these operators that preserves the defining relations of the mapping class groups beyond genus 1. For this we explicitly construct the refined TQFT representation of the genus 2 mapping class group in the case of rank one TQFT. This is a direct generalization of the original genus 1 construction of arXiv:1105.5117, opening a question if it extends to any genus. Our construction is built upon a q,t-deformation of the square of q-6j symbol of U_q(sl_2), which we define using the Macdonald version of Fourier duality. This allows to compute the refined Jones polynomial for arbitrary knots in genus 2. In contrast with genus 1, the refined Jones polynomial in genus 2 does not appear to agree with the Poincare polynomial of the triply ...
SL(2,C) Chern-Simons Theory and Quantum Gravity with a Cosmological Constant
Haggard, Hal; Han, Muxin; Kaminski, Wojciech; Riello, Aldo
2015-04-01
We show a relation between 4-dimensional quantum gravity with a cosmological constant and SL(2,C) Chern-Simons theory in 3-dimensions with knotted graph defects. In particular, we study the expectation value of a non-planar Wilson graph operator in SL(2,C) Chern-Simons theory on S3. We analyze its asymptotic behavior in the double-scaling limit in which both the representation labels and the Chern-Simons coupling are taken to be large, but with fixed ratio. We find that a class of flat connections in the graph complement manifold are in correspondence with the geometries of constant curvature 4-simplices. We show that the asymptotic behavior of the amplitude contains an oscillatory part proportional to the Regge action for the single 4-simplex in the presence of a cosmological constant. In particular, the cosmological term contains the full-fledged curved volume of the 4-simplex. Interestingly, the volume term stems from the asymptotics of the Chern-Simons action. Another peculiarity of our approach is that the sign of the curvature of the reconstructed geometry, and hence of the cosmological constant in the Regge action, is not fixed a priori, but rather emerges semiclassically and dynamically from the solution of the equations of motion. This work was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation, the European Marie Curie actions, and the Perimeter Institute.
Chern-Simons Couplings for Dielectric F-Strings in Matrix String Theory
Brecher, Dominic; Janssen, Bert; Lozano, Yolanda
2002-01-01
We compute the non-abelian couplings in the Chern-Simons action for a set of coinciding fundamental strings in both the type IIA and type IIB Matrix string theories. Starting from Matrix theory in a weakly curved background, we construct the linear couplings of closed string fields to type IIA Matrix strings. Further dualities give a type IIB Matrix string theory and a type IIA theory of Matrix strings with winding.
On the Hamiltonian Analysis of Spin-3 Chern-Simons-Like Theories of Gravity
Setare, M R
2016-01-01
In this paper, we consider spin-3 Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity as extended theories of spin-3 gravity in (2+1)- dimension. In order to determine the number of local degrees of freedom we present the Hamiltonian formulation of these theories. We extract the Hamiltonian density, then we find primary and secondary constraints of these theories. Then we obtain the Poisson brackets of the primary and the secondary constraints. After that we count the number of local degrees of freedom of spin-3 Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity. We apply this method on spin-3 Einstein-Cartan gravity and spin-3 topologically massive gravity. According to the our results the spin-3 Einstein-Cartan gravity and the spin-3 topologically massive gravity have respectively zero and one bulk local degree of freedom.
Analytic Torsion, 3d Mirror Symmetry And Supergroup Chern-Simons Theories
Mikhaylov, Victor
2015-01-01
We consider topological field theories that compute the Reidemeister-Milnor-Turaev torsion in three dimensions. These are the psl(1|1) and the U(1|1) Chern-Simons theories, coupled to a background complex flat gauge field. We use the 3d mirror symmetry to derive the Meng-Taubes theorem, which relates the torsion and the Seiberg-Witten invariants, for a three-manifold with arbitrary first Betti number. We also present the Hamiltonian quantization of our theories, find the modular transformations of states, and various properties of loop operators. Our results for the U(1|1) theory are in general consistent with the results, found for the GL(1|1) WZW model. We also make some comments on more general supergroup Chern-Simons theories.
Banerjee, Nabamita; Roychowdhury, Dibakar
2013-01-01
We study the effect of a bulk Chern-Simons (CS) term on 3+1 dimensional type II superconductor in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We holographically compute the super-current and find that it is non-local in nature. It receives non trivial corrections due to presence of the CS term. Considering a large limit of a parameter "lambda" (we call this limit as long wave length limit), which is effectively the high temperature limit of the theory, we find that this non-local super-current boils down to a local quantity. The leading term (without the CS term) of this current matches with the result of Ginzburg-Landau (GL) theory. We compute the effect of the CS term on GL current and find that the effect is highly suppressed at large temperature (~1/T^4). Finally, free energy of the vortex configuration has been calculated. The free energy also receives non trivial correction at the order of 1/lambda^2 in the long wave length approximation.
Quantum Spectral Curve of the N =6 Supersymmetric Chern-Simons Theory
Cavaglià, Andrea; Fioravanti, Davide; Gromov, Nikolay; Tateo, Roberto
2014-07-01
Recently, it was shown that the spectrum of anomalous dimensions and other important observables in planar N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory are encoded into a simple nonlinear Riemann-Hilbert problem: the Pμ system or quantum spectral curve. In this Letter, we extend this formulation to the N =6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory introduced by Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis, and Maldacena. This may be an important step towards the exact determination of the interpolating function h(λ) characterizing the integrability of this model. We also discuss a surprising relation between the quantum spectral curves for the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and the N=6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory considered here.
Symmetry algebras in Chern-Simons theories with boundary: canonical approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
I consider the classical Kac-Moody algebra and Virasoro algebra in Chern-Simons theory with boundary within Dirac's canonical method and Noether's procedure. It is shown that the usual (bulk) Gauss law constraint becomes a second-class constraint because of the boundary effect. From this fact, the Dirac bracket can be constructed explicitly without introducing additional gauge conditions and the classical Kac-Moody and Virasoro algebras are obtained within the usual Dirac method. The equivalence to the symplectic reduction method is presented and the connection to the Banados' work is clarified. Also the generalization to the Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory is considered where the diffeomorphism symmetry is broken by the (three-dimensional) Yang-Mills term. In this case, the same Kac-Moody algebras are obtained although the two theories are sharply different in the canonical structures. Both models realize the holography principle explicitly and the pure CS theory reveals the correspondence of the Chern-Simons theory with boundary/conformal field theory, which is more fundamental and generalizes the conjectured anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence
BPS operators from the Wilson loop in the 3-dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory
Fujita, Mitsutoshi
2009-01-01
We consider the small deformation of the pointlike Wilson loop in the 3-dimensional N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory. By Taylor expansion of the pointlike Wilson loop in powers of the loop variables, we obtain the BPS operators that correspond to the excited string states of the dual IIA string theory on the pp wave background. The BPS conditions of the Wilson loop constrain both the loop variables and the forms of the operators obtained in the Taylor expansion.
Split Chern-Simons theory in the BV-BFV formalism
Cattaneo, Alberto; Wernli, Konstantin
2015-01-01
The goal of this note is to give a brief overview of the BV-BFV formalism developed by the first two authors and Reshetikhin in [arXiv:1201.0290], [arXiv:1507.01221] in order to perform perturbative quantisation of Lagrangian field theories on manifolds with boundary, and present a special case of Chern-Simons theory as a new example.
Holographic Chern-Simons defects
Fujita, Mitsutoshi; Melby-Thompson, Charles M.; Meyer, René; Sugimoto, Shigeki
2016-06-01
We study SU( N ) Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in the presence of defects that shift the Chern-Simons level from a holographic point of view by embedding the system in string theory. The model is a D3-D7 system in Type IIB string theory, whose gravity dual is given by the AdS soliton background with probe D7 branes attaching to the AdS boundary along the defects. We holographically renormalize the free energy of the defect system with sources, from which we obtain the correlation functions for certain operators naturally associated to these defects. We find interesting phase transitions when the separation of the defects as well as the temperature are varied. We also discuss some implications for the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and for 2-dimensional QCD.
Holographic Chern-Simons Defects
Fujita, Mitsutoshi; Meyer, Rene; Sugimoto, Shigeki
2016-01-01
We study SU(N) Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in the presence of defects that shift the Chern-Simons level from a holographic point of view by embedding the system in string theory. The model is a D3-D7 system in Type IIB string theory, whose gravity dual is given by the AdS soliton background with probe D7-branes attaching to the AdS boundary along the defects. We holographically renormalize the free energy of the defect system with sources, from which we obtain the correlation functions for certain operators naturally associated to these defects. We find interesting phase transitions when the separation of the defects as well as the temperature are varied. We also discuss some implications for the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and for two-dimensional QCD.
Non-Abelian T-duality, G 2-structure rotation and holographic duals of = 1 Chern-Simons theories
Macpherson, Niall T.
2013-11-01
A new dynamic SU(3)-structure solution in type-IIA is found by T-dualising a deformation of the Maldacena-Nastase solution along an SU(2) isometry. It is argued that this is dual to a quiver gauge theory with multiple Chern-Simons levels. A clear way of defining Chern-Simons levels in terms of Page charges is presented, which is also used to define a Chern-Simons term for the G 2-structure analogue of Klebanov-Strassler, providing evidence of a cascade in both the ranks and levels of the dual quiver.
Non-Relativistic Chern-Simons Theories and Three-Dimensional Horava-Lifshitz Gravity
Hartong, Jelle; Obers, Niels A
2016-01-01
We show that certain three-dimensional Horava-Lifshitz gravity theories can be written as Chern-Simons gauge theories on various non-relativistic algebras. The algebras are specific extensions of the Bargmann, Newton-Hooke and Schroedinger algebra each of which has the Galilean algebra as a subalgebra. To show this we employ the fact that Horava-Lifshitz gravity corresponds to dynamical Newton-Cartan geometry. In particular, the extended Bargmann (Newton-Hooke) Chern-Simons theory corresponds to projectable Horava-Lifshitz gravity with a local U(1) gauge symmetry without (with) a cosmological constant. Moreover we identify an extended Schroedinger algebra containing 3 extra generators that are central with respect to the subalgebra of Galilean boosts, momenta and rotations, for which the Chern-Simons theory gives rise to a novel version of non-projectable conformal Horava-Lifshitz gravity that we refer to as Schroedinger gravity. This theory has a z=2 Lifshitz geometry as a vacuum solution and thus provides a...
Reduced Chern-Simons Quiver Theories and Cohomological 3-Algebra Models
DeBellis, Joshua
2013-01-01
We study the BPS spectrum and vacuum moduli spaces in dimensional reductions of Chern-Simons-matter theories with N>=2 supersymmetry to zero dimensions. Our main example is a matrix model version of the ABJM theory which we relate explicitly to certain reduced 3-algebra models. We find the explicit maps from Chern-Simons quiver matrix models to dual IKKT matrix models. We address the problem of topologically twisting the ABJM matrix model, and along the way construct a new twist of the IKKT model. We construct a cohomological matrix model whose partition function localizes onto a moduli space specified by 3-algebra relations which live in the double of the conifold quiver. It computes an equivariant index enumerating framed BPS states with specified R-charges which can be expressed as a combinatorial sum over certain filtered pyramid partitions.
Torsion as a Gauge Field in a Lorentz-Chern-Simons Theory
del Pino, Simón
2016-01-01
We explore a model of gravity that arises from the consideration of the Chern-Simons form in 2+1 dimensions for a spin connection with a contorsion described by a scalar and a vector field. The effective Lagrangian presents a local Weyl symmetry allowing us to gauge the scalar field to a constant value. From a gauge field theory perspective, it is shown that the vector part of the torsion (related to its trace) is a gauge field for the Weyl group, which allows the interpretation of the torsion as an electromagnetic field. In the gauge of constant scalar field we obtain Chiral Gravity coupled to a Chern-Simons-Proca theory for the vector field, that at the level of equations of motion is equivalent to Topologically Massive Electrodynamics minimally coupled to Chiral Gravity. Electrodynamics and gravity appear here unified as geometrical features of a Riemann-Cartan manifold.
Supersymmetry, quantum gauge anomalies and generalized Chern-Simons terms in chiral gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the interplay of anomaly cancellation and generalized Chern-Simons terms in four-dimensional chiral gauge theory. We start with a detailed discussion of generalized Chern-Simons terms with the canellation of anomalies via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. With this at hand, we investigate the situation in general N=1 supersymmetric field theories with generalized Chern-Simons terms. Two simple consistency conditions are shown to encode strong constraints on the allowed anomalies for different types of gauge groups. In one major part of this thesis we are going to display to what extent one has to modify the existing formalism in order to allow for the cancellation of quantum gauge anomalies via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. At the end of this thesis we comment on a puzzle in the literature on supersymmetric field theories with massive tensor fields. The potential contains a term that does not arise from eliminating an auxiliary field. We clarify the origin of this term and display the relation to standard D-term potential. In an appendix it is explicitly shown how these low energy effective actions might be connected to the formulation of four-dimensional gauge theories discussed at earlier stages of this thesis. (orig.)
Supersymmetry, quantum gauge anomalies and generalized Chern-Simons terms in chiral gauge theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schmidt, Torsten
2009-05-13
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the interplay of anomaly cancellation and generalized Chern-Simons terms in four-dimensional chiral gauge theory. We start with a detailed discussion of generalized Chern-Simons terms with the canellation of anomalies via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. With this at hand, we investigate the situation in general N=1 supersymmetric field theories with generalized Chern-Simons terms. Two simple consistency conditions are shown to encode strong constraints on the allowed anomalies for different types of gauge groups. In one major part of this thesis we are going to display to what extent one has to modify the existing formalism in order to allow for the cancellation of quantum gauge anomalies via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. At the end of this thesis we comment on a puzzle in the literature on supersymmetric field theories with massive tensor fields. The potential contains a term that does not arise from eliminating an auxiliary field. We clarify the origin of this term and display the relation to standard D-term potential. In an appendix it is explicitly shown how these low energy effective actions might be connected to the formulation of four-dimensional gauge theories discussed at earlier stages of this thesis. (orig.)
Chern-Simons Theory with Complex Gauge Group on Seifert Fibred 3-Manifolds
Blau, Matthias
2016-01-01
We consider Chern-Simons theory with complex gauge group and present a complete non-perturbative evaluation of the path integral (the partition function and certain expectation values of Wilson loops) on Seifert fibred 3-Manifolds. We use the method of Abelianisation. In certain cases the path integral can be seen to factorize neatly into holomorphic and anti-holomorphic parts. We obtain closed formulae of this factorization for the expectation values of torus knots.
Monopole operators in N=4 Chern-Simons theories and wrapped M2-branes
Imamura, Yosuke
2009-01-01
Monopole operators in Abelian N=4 Chern-Simons theories described by circular quiver diagrams are investigated. The magnetic charges of non-diagonal U(1) gauge symmetries form the SU(p)xSU(q) root lattice where p and q are numbers of untwisted and twisted hypermultiplets, respectively. For monopole operators corresponding to the roots, we propose a correspondence between the monopole operators and states of a wrapped M2-brane in the dual geometry.
Asymptotically flat, stable black hole solutions in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory.
Brihaye, Yves; Radu, Eugen; Tchrakian, D H
2011-02-18
We construct finite mass, asymptotically flat black hole solutions in d=5 Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory. Our results indicate the existence of a second order phase transition between Reissner-Nordström solutions and the non-Abelian black holes which generically are thermodynamically preferred. Some of the non-Abelian configurations are also stable under linear, spherically symmetric perturbations. PMID:21405506
Quantum Hall states on the cylinder as unitary matrix Chern-Simons theory
Polychronakos, Alexios P.
2001-01-01
We propose a unitary matrix Chern-Simons model representing fractional quantum Hall fluids of finite extent on the cylinder. A mapping between the states of the two systems is established. Standard properties of Laughlin theory, such as the quantization of the inverse filling fraction and of the quasiparticle number, are reproduced by the quantum mechanics of the matrix model. We also point out that this system is holographically described in terms of the one-dimensional Sutherland integrable...
Noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory (I): One-loop dispersion relation analysis
Ghasemkhani, M.; Bufalo, R.
2015-01-01
In this paper, we study the three-dimensional noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory. In the present analysis, a complete account for the gauge field two-point function renormalizability is presented and physical significant quantities are carefully established. The respective form factor expressions from the gauge field self-energy are computed at one-loop order. More importantly, an analysis of the gauge field dispersion relation, in search of possible noncommutative anomalies and infra...
Noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory (I): One-loop dispersion relation analysis
Ghasemkhani, M
2015-01-01
In this paper we study the three-dimensional noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory. In the present analysis, a complete account for the gauge field two-point function renormalizability is presented and physical significant quantities are carefully established. We compute the respective form factor expressions from the gauge field self-energy at one-loop order. Moreover, a detailed discussion on the gauge field dispersion relation is presented for three particular cases, with particular interest in the highly noncommutative limit.
Perturbative expansion of Chern-Simons theory with non-compact gauge group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Naive imitation of the usual formulas for compact gauge group in quantizing three dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theory with non-compact gauge group leads to formulas that are wrong or unilluminating. In this paper, an appropriate modification is described, which puts the perturbative expansion in a standard manifestly 'unitary' format. The one loop contributions (which differ from naive extrapolation from the case of compact gauge group) are computed, and their topological invariance is verified. (orig.)
F-theorem, duality and SUSY breaking in one-adjoint Chern-Simons-Matter theories
Morita, Takeshi
2011-01-01
We extend previous work on N=2 Chern-Simons theories coupled to a single adjoint chiral superfield using localization techniques and the F-maximization principle. We provide tests of a series of proposed 3D Seiberg dualities and a new class of tests of the conjectured F-theorem. In addition, a proposal is made for a modification of the F-maximization principle that takes into account the effects of decoupling fields. Finally, we formulate and provide evidence for a new general non-perturbative constraint on spontaneous supersymmetry breaking in three dimensions based on Q-deformed S^3 partition functions computed via localization. An explicit illustration based on the known analytic solution of the Chern-Simons matrix model is presented.
Exact Chern-Simons / Topological String duality
Krefl, Daniel; Mkrtchyan, Ruben L.
2015-10-01
We invoke universal Chern-Simons theory to analytically calculate the exact free energy of the refined topological string on the resolved conifold. In the unrefined limit we reproduce non-perturbative corrections for the resolved conifold found elsewhere in the literature, thereby providing strong evidence that the Chern-Simons / topological string duality is exact, and in particular holds at arbitrary N. In the refined case, the non-perturbative corrections we find are novel and appear to be non-trivial. We show that non-perturbatively special treatment is needed for rational valued deformation parameter. Above results are also extended to refined Chern-Simons with orthogonal groups.
Evolution of Nielsen-Olesen's String from Chern-Simons Field Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DUAN Yi-Shi; SHI Xu-Guang
2007-01-01
We study the topology of Nielsen-Olesen's local field theory of single dual string. Based on the Chern-Simons field theory in three dimensons, we find many strings that can form world sheets in four dimensions. These strings have important relation to the zero point of the complex scalar field. These world sheets of strings can be expressed by the topological invariant number, Hopf index, and Brower degree. Nambu-Goto's action is obtained from the Nielsen's action definitely by using o-mapping theory.
Large N phase transitions in supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory with massive matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study three-dimensional N=2U(N) Chern-Simons theory on S3 coupled to 2Nf chiral multiplets deformed by mass terms. The partition function localizes to a matrix integral, which can be exactly computed in the large N limit. In a specific decompactification limit, the theory exhibits quantum (third-order) phase transitions at finite critical values of the coupling. The theory presents three phases when 0
Phase transition in D=3 Yang-Mills Chern-Simons gauge theory
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SU(N) Yang-Mills theory in three dimensions, with a Chern-Simons term of level k (an integer) added, has two-dimensionful coupling constants g2k and g2N; its possible phases depend on the size of k relative to N. For k>N, this theory approaches topological Chern-Simons theory with no Yang-Mills term, and expectation values of multiple Wilson loops yield Jones polynomials, as Witten has shown; it can be treated semiclassically. For k=0, the theory is badly infrared singular in perturbation theory, a nonperturbative mass and subsequent quantum solitons are generated, and Wilson loops show an area law. We argue that there is a phase transition between these two behaviors at a critical value of k, called kc, with kc/N≅2±0.7. Three lines of evidence are given. First, a gauge-invariant one-loop calculation shows that the perturbative theory has tachyonic problems if k≤29N/12. The theory becomes sensible only if there is an additional dynamic source of gauge-boson mass, just as in the k=0 case. Second, we study in a rough approximation the free energy and show that for k≤kc there is a nontrivial vacuum condensate driven by soliton entropy and driving a gauge-boson dynamical mass M, while both the condensate and M vanish for k≥kc. Third, we study possible quantum solitons stemming from an effective action having both a Chern-Simons mass m and a (gauge-invariant) dynamical mass M. We show that if M approx-gt 0.5m, there are finite-action quantum sphalerons, while none survive in the classical limit M=0, as shown earlier by D'Hoker and Vinet. There are also quantum topological vortices smoothly vanishing as M→0. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Chern-Simons forms and cyclic cohomology
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Cyclic cohomology appears as a noncummutative analogue of de Rham cohomology suggested by K-theory and index theory in non-commutative geometry. It is therefore natural to study cyclic cohomology using known methods linking K-theory and differential forms such as the Chern-Weil approach to characteristic classes of vector bundles based on connections and curvature. In the present paper we consider Chern-Simons forms over the bigraded differential algebra of cochains having values in the noncommutative differential forms ΩA. The DG algebra ΩA plays an important role in Connes approach to cyclic cohomology, because cyclic cocycles are equivalent to closed traces on ΩA. The Chern-Simons forms provide the link between Connes' theory and the algebra cochain theory. In the first part we study Chern-Simons forms in a general noncommutative differential graded algebra. The Chern-Simons forms of different degree are linked by certain relations, called S-relations, because they are connected with the S-operation in cyclic cohomology. In part 2 we begin with a fairly down to earth account of the theory of algebra cochains. We then discuss the Chern-Simons forms over the bigraded algebra of cochains with values in ΩA, and the cyclic cocycles arising from them by applying a closed trace on ΩA. We show these cocycles coincide with the iterates of Connes s-operation applied to the cyclic cocycle corresponding to the closed trace. (author)
BPS operators from the Wilson loop in the 3-dimensional supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory
Fujita, Mitsutoshi
2009-01-01
We consider the small deformation of the point-like Wilson loop in the 3-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=6$ superconformal Chern-Simons theory. By Taylor expansion of the point-like Wilson loop in powers of the loop variables, we obtain the BPS operators that correspond to the excited string states of the dual IIA string theory on the pp wave background. The BPS conditions of the Wilson loop constrain both the loop variables and the forms of the operators obtained in the Taylor expansion.
Gauge invariant variables and the Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory
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A Hamiltonian analysis of Yang-Mills (YM) theory in (2+1) dimensions with a level k Chern-Simons term is carried out using a gauge invariant matrix parametrization of the potentials. The gauge boson states are constructed and the contribution of the dynamical mass gap to the gauge boson mass is obtained. Long distance properties of vacuum expectation values are related to a Euclidean two-dimensional YM theory coupled to k flavors of Dirac fermions in the fundamental representation. We also discuss the expectation value of the Wilson loop operator and give a comparison with previous results
Link Invariants and Combinatorial Quantization of Hamiltonian Chern-Simons Theory
Buffenoir, E.; Roche, Ph.
1995-01-01
We define and study the properties of observables associated to any link in $\\Sigma\\times {\\bf R}$ (where $\\Sigma$ is a compact surface) using the combinatorial quantization of hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory. These observables are traces of holonomies in a non commutative Yang-Mills theory where the gauge symmetry is ensured by a quantum group. We show that these observables are link invariants taking values in a non commutative algebra, the so called Moduli Algebra. When $\\Sigma=S^2$ these ...
An algebraic proof on the finiteness of Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in D = 3
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A rigorous algebraic proof of the full finiteness in all orders of perturbation theory is given for the Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in a general three-dimensional Riemannian manifold. We show the validity of a trace identify, playing the role of a local form of the Callan-Symanzik equation, in all loop orders, which yields the vanishing of the β-functions associated to the topological mass and gauge coupling constant as well as the anomalous dimensions of the fields. (author)
An alternative S-matrix for N = 6 Chern-Simons theory?
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We have recently proposed an S-matrix for the planar limit of the N = 6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory of Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis and Maldacena which leads to the all-loop Bethe ansatz equations conjectured by Gromov and Vieira. An unusual feature of this proposal is that the scattering of A and B particles is reflectionless. We consider here an alternative S-matrix, for which A-B scattering is not reflectionless. We argue that this S-matrix does not lead to the Bethe ansatz equations which are consistent with perturbative computations.
Noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory: One-loop dispersion relation analysis
Ghasemkhani, M.; Bufalo, R.
2016-04-01
In this paper, we study the three-dimensional noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory. In the present analysis, a complete account for the gauge field two-point function renormalizability is presented and physical significant quantities are carefully established. The respective form factor expressions from the gauge field self-energy are computed at one-loop order. More importantly, an analysis of the gauge field dispersion relation, in search of possible noncommutative anomalies and infrared finiteness, is performed for three special cases, with particular interest in the highly noncommutative limit.
Finite size giant magnons in the string dual of N = 6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory
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We find the exact solution for a finite size Giant Magnon in the SU(2) x SU(2) sector of the string dual of the N = 6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory recently constructed by Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis and Maldacena. The finite size Giant Magnon solution consists of two magnons, one in each SU(2). In the infinite size limit this solution corresponds to the Giant Magnon solution of arXiv:0806.4959. The magnon dispersion relation exhibits finite-size exponential corrections with respect to the infinite size limit solution.
Mutual Chern-Simons theory and its applications in condensed matter physics
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
KOU Su-peng; WENG Zheng-yu; WEN Xiao-gang
2007-01-01
In this paper, the mutual Chern-Simons (MCS) theory is introduced as a new kind of topological gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions. We use the MCS theory in gapped phase as an effective low energy theory to describe the Z2 topological order of the Kitaev-Wen model. Our results show that the MCS theory can catch the key properties for the Z2 topological order. On the other hand, we use the MCS theory as an effective model to deal with the doped Mott insulator. Based on the phase string theory, the t-J model reduces to a MCS theory for spinons and holons. The related physics in high Tc cuprates is discussed.
String Theory, Chern-Simons Theory and the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect
Moore, Nathan Paul
In this thesis we explore two interesting relationships between string theory and quantum field theory. Firstly, we develop an equivalence between two Hilbert spaces: (i) the space of states of U(1)n Chern-Simons theory with a certain class of tridiagonal matrices of coupling constants (with corners) on T2; and (ii) the space of ground states of strings on an associated mapping torus with T2 fiber. The equivalence is deduced by studying the space of ground states of SL(2,Z)-twisted circle compactifications of U(1) gauge theory, connected with a Janus configuration, and further compactified on T2. The equality of dimensions of the two Hilbert spaces (i) and (ii) is equivalent to a known identity on determinants of tridiagonal matrices with corners. The equivalence of operator algebras acting on the two Hilbert spaces follows from a relation between the Smith normal form of the Chern-Simons coupling constant matrix and the isometry group of the mapping torus, as well as the torsion part of its first homology group. Secondly, the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect appears as part of the low-energy description of the Coulomb branch of the A1 (2,0)-theory formulated on (S1 x R 2)/Zk, where the generator of Zk acts as a combination of translation on S1 and rotation by 2pi/k on R2. At low-energy the configuration is described in terms of a 4+1D Super-Yang-Mills theory on a cone (R 2/Zk) with additional 2+1D degrees of freedom at the tip of the cone. Fractionally charged quasi-particles have a natural description in terms of BPS strings of the (2,0)-theory. We analyze the large k limit, where a smooth cigar-geometry provides an alternative description. In this framework a W-boson can be modeled as a bound state of k quasi-particles. The W-boson becomes a Q-ball, and it can be described by a soliton solution of BPS monopole equations on a certain auxiliary curved space. We show that axisymmetric solutions of these equations correspond to singular maps from AdS 3 to AdS2, and we
Derivation of the Verlinde formula from Chern-Simons theory and the G/G model
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We give a derivation of the Verlinde formula for the Gk WZW model from Chern-Simons theory, without taking recourse to CFT, by calculating explicitly the partition function ZΣxS1 of ΣxS1 with an arbitrary number of labelled punctures. By a suitable gauge choice, ZΣxS1 is reduced to the partition function of an Abelian topological field theory on Σ (a deformation of non-Abelian BF and Yang-Mills theory) whose evaluation is straightforward. This relates the Verlinde formula to the Ray-Singer torsion of ΣxS1. We derive the Gk/Gk model from Chern-Simons theory, proving their equivalence and give an alternative derivation of the Verlinde formula by calculating the Gk/Gk path integral via a functional version of the Weyl integral formula. From this point of view the Verlinde formula arises from the corresponding Jacobian, the Weyl determinant. Also, a novel derivation of the shift k→k+h is given, based on the index of the twisted Dolbeault complex. (author). 28 refs
String Theory Origin of Dyonic N=8 Supergravity and Its Chern-Simons Duals.
Guarino, Adolfo; Jafferis, Daniel L; Varela, Oscar
2015-08-28
We clarify the higher-dimensional origin of a class of dyonic gaugings of D=4 N=8 supergravity recently discovered, when the gauge group is chosen to be ISO(7). This dyonically gauged maximal supergravity arises from consistent truncation of massive IIA supergravity on S^6, and its magnetic coupling constant descends directly from the Romans mass. The critical points of the supergravity uplift to new four-dimensional anti-de Sitter space (AdS4) massive type IIA vacua. We identify the corresponding three-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT3) duals as super-Chern-Simons-matter theories with simple gauge group SU(N) and level k given by the Romans mass. In particular, we find a critical point that uplifts to the first explicit N=2 AdS4 massive IIA background. We compute its free energy and that of the candidate dual Chern-Simons theory by localization to a solvable matrix model, and find perfect agreement. This provides the first AdS4/CFT3 precision match in massive type IIA string theory. PMID:26371639
The Quantum Hall Effect in Supersymmetric Chern-Simons Theories
Tong, David
2015-01-01
In d=2+1 dimensions, there exist gauge theories which are supersymmetric but non-relativistic. We solve the simplest U(1) gauge theory in this class and show that the low-energy physics is that of the fractional quantum Hall effect, with ground states given by the Laughlin wavefunctions. We do this by quantising the vortices and relating them to the quantum Hall matrix model. We further construct coherent state representations of the excitations of vortices. These are quasi-holes. By an explicit computation of the Berry phase, without resorting to a plasma analogy, we show that these excitations have fractional charge and spin.
Chern-Simons theory with finite gauge group
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We construct in detail a 2+1 dimensional gauge field theory with finite gauge group. In this case the path integral reduces to a finite sum, so there are no analytic problems with the quantization. The theory was originally introduced by Dijkgraaf and Witten without details. The point of working it out carefully is to focus on the algebraic structure, and particularly the construction of quantum Hilbert spaces on closed surfaces by cutting and pasting. This includes the 'Verlinde formula'. The careful development may serve as a model for dealing with similar issues in more complicated cases. (orig.)
Heavy operators in superconformal Chern-Simons theory
de Mello Koch, Robert; Kreyfelt, Rocky; Smith, Stephanie
2014-12-01
We study the anomalous dimensions for scalar operators in Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory in the S U (2 ) sector. The operators we consider have a classical dimension that grows as N in the large N limit. Consequently, the large N limit is not captured by summing planar diagrams—nonplanar contributions have to be included. We find that the mixing matrix at two-loop order is diagonalized using a double coset ansatz, reducing it to the Hamiltonian of a set of decoupled oscillators. The spectrum of anomalous dimensions, when interpreted in the dual gravity theory, shows that the energy of the fluctuations of the corresponding giant graviton is dependent on the size of the giant. The first subleading corrections to the large N limit are also considered. These subleading corrections to the dilatation operator do not commute with the leading terms, indicating that integrability may not survive beyond the large N limit.
Vacuum instability in Chern-Simons gravity
Dyda, Sergei; Flanagan, Éanna É.; Kamionkowski, Marc
2012-12-01
We explore perturbations about a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background with a nonvanishing cosmological Chern-Simons scalar field in Chern-Simons gravity. At large momenta one of the two circularly polarized tensor modes becomes ghostlike. We argue that nevertheless the theory does not exhibit classical runaway solutions, except possibly in the relativistic nonlinear regime. However, the ghost modes cause the vacuum state to be quantum mechanically unstable, with a decay rate that is naively infinite. The decay rate can be made finite only if one interprets the theory as an effective quantum field theory valid up to some momentum cutoff Λ, which violates Lorentz invariance. By demanding that the energy density in photons created by vacuum decay over the lifetime of the Universe not violate observational bounds, we derive strong constraints on the two dimensional parameter space of the theory, consisting of the cutoff Λ and the Chern-Simons mass.
Construction of novel BPS Wilson loops in three-dimensional quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories
Ouyang, Hao; Zhang, Jia-ju
2015-01-01
In this paper, we construct novel Drukker-Trancanelli (DT) type BPS Wilson loops along infinite straight lines in $\\mathcal N=2,3$ quiver super Chern-Simons-matter (CSM) theories, Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory, and $\\mathcal N=4$ orbifold ABJM theory. There are several free complex parameters in the DT type BPS Wilson loops, and for Wilson loops in ABJM theory and $\\mathcal N=4$ orbifold ABJM theory there are supersymmetry enhancements at special values of the parameters. We check that the differences of the DT type and Gaiotto-Yin (GY) type Wilson loops are $Q$-exact with $Q$ being some supercharges preserved by both the DT type and GY type Wilson loops. The results would be useful to calculate vacuum expectation values of the Wilson loops in matrix models if they are still BPS quantum mechanically.
Index theorem for topological excitations on R3 x S1 and Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We derive an index theorem for the Dirac operator in the background of various topological excitations on an R3 x S1 geometry. The index theorem provides more refined data than the APS index for an instanton on R4 and reproduces it in decompactification limit. In the R3 limit, it reduces to the Callias index theorem. The index is expressed in terms of topological charge and the η-invariant associated with the boundary Dirac operator. Neither topological charge nor η-invariant is typically an integer, however, the non-integer parts cancel to give an integer-valued index. Our derivation is based on axial current non-conservation - an exact operator identity valid on any four-manifold - and on the existence of a center symmetric, or approximately center symmetric, boundary holonomy (Wilson line). We expect the index theorem to usefully apply to many physical systems of interest, such as low temperature (large S1, confined) phases of gauge theories, center stabilized Yang-Mills theories with vector-like or chiral matter (at S1 of any size), and supersymmetric gauge theories with supersymmetry-preserving boundary conditions (also at any S1). In QCD-like and chiral gauge theories, the index theorem should shed light into the nature of topological excitations responsible for chiral symmetry breaking and the generation of mass gap in the gauge sector. We also show that imposing chirally-twisted boundary condition in gauge theories with fermions induces a Chern-Simons term in the infrared. This suggests that some QCD-like gauge theories should possess components with a topological Chern-Simons phase in the small S1 regime.
Periodic electromagnetic vacuum in the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with the Chern-Simons mass
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The periodic vacuum structure formed from magnetic and electric fields is derived in the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with the Chern-Simons term. It is shown that both the magnetic flux quantization in the fundamental sell and conductivity quantization inherent to the vacuum. Hence, the quantum Hall effect gets its natural explanation. (author). 10 refs
Coordinate dependence of Chern-Simons theory on noncommutative AdS3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the coordinate dependence of noncommutative theory by studying the solutions of noncommutative U(1, 1) x U(1, 1) Chern-Simons theory on AdS3 in polar and rectangular coordinates. We assume that only the space coordinates are noncommuting. When the two coordinate systems are equivalent only up to first order in the noncommutativity parameter θ, we investigate the effect of this non-exact equivalence between the two coordinate systems for two cases, a conical solution and a BTZ black hole solution in noncommutative AdS3, by using the Seiberg-Witten map. In each case, the noncommutative solutions in the two coordinate systems obtained from the same corresponding commutative solution turn out to be different even to the first order in θ.
Coordinate dependence of Chern-Simons theory on noncommutative AdS{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
EE, Changyoung; Lee, Daeho [Sejong University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Youngone [Daejin University, Pocheon (Korea, Republic of)
2010-02-15
We investigate the coordinate dependence of noncommutative theory by studying the solutions of noncommutative U(1, 1) x U(1, 1) Chern-Simons theory on AdS{sub 3} in polar and rectangular coordinates. We assume that only the space coordinates are noncommuting. When the two coordinate systems are equivalent only up to first order in the noncommutativity parameter {theta}, we investigate the effect of this non-exact equivalence between the two coordinate systems for two cases, a conical solution and a BTZ black hole solution in noncommutative AdS{sub 3}, by using the Seiberg-Witten map. In each case, the noncommutative solutions in the two coordinate systems obtained from the same corresponding commutative solution turn out to be different even to the first order in {theta}.
Chern-Simons diffusion rate in a holographic Yang-Mills theory
Craps, Ben; Surowka, Piotr; Taels, Pieter
2012-01-01
Using holography, we compute the Chern-Simons diffusion rate of 4d gauge theories constructed by wrapping D4-branes on a circle. In the model with antiperiodic boundary conditions for fermions, we find that it scales like $T^6$ in the high-temperature phase and changes discontinuously at the phase transition. With periodic fermions, this scaling persists at low temperatures. The scaling is reminiscent of 6d hydrodynamic behavior even at temperatures small compared to compactification scales of the M5-branes from which the D4-branes descend. We offer a holographic explanation of this behavior by adding a new entry to the known map between D4 and M5 hydrodynamics, and suggest a field theory explanation based on "deconstruction" or "fractionization".
Dualities for Loop Amplitudes of N=6 Chern-Simons Matter Theory
Chen, Wei-Ming
2011-01-01
In this paper we study the one- and two-loop corrections to the four-point amplitude of N=6 Chern-Simons matter theory. Using generalized unitarity methods we express the one- and two-loop amplitudes in terms of dual-conformal integrals. Explicit integration by using dimensional reduction gives vanishing one-loop result as expected, while the two-loop result is non-vanishing and matches with the Wilson loop computation. Furthermore, the two-loop correction takes the same form as the one-loop correction to the four-point amplitude of N=4 super Yang-Mills. We discuss possible higher loop extensions of this correspondence between the two theories. As a side result, we extend the method of dimensional reduction for three dimensions to five dimensions where dual conformal symmetry is most manifest, demonstrating significant simplification to the computation of integrals.
Anyons and Chern-Simons theory on compact spaces of finite genus
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the coupling of an Abelian Chern-Simons field to fermions in space-times of the form RxM2, where M2 is a compact Riemannian manifold. Upon integrating out the non-zero modes of the Chern-Simons field, an effective N-particle Hamiltonian is constructed, which involves a term representing the effects of the zero modes. We also study the transformation to the fractional statistics (anyon) basis. It is shown that unlike the case of the flat Euclidean M2 the anyon wave equation involves some residual metric dependent interactions, and the wave function is multivalued. (author). 7 refs
Vortices and domain walls in a Chern-Simons theory with magnetic moment interactions
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We study the structure and properties of vortices in a recently proposed Abelian Maxwell-Chern-Simons model in 2+1 dimensions. The model which is described by a gauge field interacting with a complex scalar field includes two parity- and time-violating terms: the Chern-Simons and the anomalous magnetic terms. Self-dual relativistic vortices are discussed in detail. We also find one-dimensional soliton solutions of the domain wall type. The vortices are correctly described by the domain wall solutions in the large flux limit. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Hamiltonian quantization of Chern-Simons theory with SL(2, C) group
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We analyse the Hamiltonian quantization of Chern-Simons theory associated with the real group SL(2, C)R, universal covering group of the Lorentz group SO(3, 1). The algebra of observables is generated by finite-dimensional spin networks drawn on a punctured topological surface. Our main result is a construction of a unitary representation of this algebra. For this purpose, we use the formalism of combinatorial quantization of Chern-Simons theory, i.e., we quantize the algebra of polynomial functions on the space of flat SL(2, C)R connections on a topological surface Σ with punctures. This algebra, the so-called moduli algebra, is constructed along the lines of Fock-Rosly, Alekseev-Grosse-Schomerus, Buffenoir-Roche using only finite-dimensional representations of Uq(sl(2, C)R). It is shown that this algebra admits a unitary representation acting on a Hilbert space which consists of wave packets of spin networks associated with principal unitary representations of Uq(sl(2, C)R). The representation of the moduli algebra is constructed using only Clebsch-Gordan decomposition of a tensor product of a finite-dimensional representation with a principal unitary representation of Uq(sl(2, C)R). The proof of unitarity of this representation is nontrivial and is a consequence of the properties of Uq(sl(2, C)R) intertwiners which are studied in depth. We analyse the relationship between the insertion of a puncture coloured with a principal representation and the presence of a worldline of a massive spinning particle in de Sitter space
The sky is the limit: free boundary conditions in AdS$_3$ Chern-Simons theory
Apolo, Luis
2016-01-01
We test the effects of new diffeomorphism invariant boundary terms in SL(2,R)$\\times$SL(2,R) Chern-Simons theory. The gravitational interpretation corresponds to free AdS$_3$ boundary conditions, without restrictions on the boundary geometry. The boundary theory is the theory of a string in a target AdS$_3$. Its Virasoro conditions can eliminate ghosts. Generalisations to SL(N,R)$\\times$SL(N,R) higher spin theories and many other questions are still unexplored.
Duality and Higher Temperature Phases of Large $N$ Chern-Simons Matter Theories on $S^2 \\times S^1$
Takimi, Tomohisa
2013-01-01
It has been recently demonstrated that the thermal partition function of any large $N$ Chern-Simons gauge theories on $S^2$, coupled to fundamental matter, reduces to a capped unitary matrix model. The matrix models corresponding to several specific matter Chern-Simons theories at temperature $T$ were determined in arXiv:1301.6169. The large $N$ saddle point equations for these theories were determined in the same paper, and were solved in the low temperature phase. In this paper we find exact solutions for these saddle point equations in three other phases of these theories and thereby explicitly determine the free energy of the corresponding theories at all values of $T^2/N$. As anticipated on general grounds in arXiv:1301.6169, our results are in perfect agreement with conjectured level rank type bosonization dualities between pairs of such theories.
Non-minimal Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and the composite Fermion model
Paschoal, Ricardo C.; Helayël-Neto, José A.
2003-01-01
The magnetic field redefinition in Jain's composite fermion model for the fractional quantum Hall effect is shown to be effectively described by a mean-field approximation of a model containing a Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge field non-minimally coupled to matter. Also an explicit non-relativistic limit of the non-minimal (2+1)D Dirac equation is derived.
What we think about the higher dimensional Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper reports that one of the most interesting developments in mathematical physics was the investigation of the so-called topological field theories i.e. such theories which do not need a metric on the manifold for their definition a d hence the observable of which are topologically invariant. The Chern-Simons (CS) functionals considered as actions give us examples the theories of such a type. The CS theory on a 3d manifold was firstly considered in the Abelian case by A.S. Schwartz and then after papers of E. Witten there has been an explosive process of publications on this subject. This paper discusses topological invariants of the manifolds (like the Ray-Singer torsion) computed by the quantum field theory methods; conformal blocks of 2d conformal field theories as vectors in the CS theory Hilbert space; correlators of Wilson loop and the invariants of 1d links in 3d manifolds; braid groups; unusual relations between spin and statistics; here we would like to consider the generalization of a part of the outlined ideas to the CS theories on higher dimensional manifolds. Some of our results intersect with
Hamiltonian analysis of Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity
Avilés, L.; Salgado, P.
2016-06-01
In this work we consider the construction of the Hamiltonian action for the transgressions field theory. The subspace separation method for Chern-Simons Hamiltonian is built and used to find the Hamiltonian for five-dimensional Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity. It is then shown that the Hamiltonian for Einstein gravity arises in the limit where the scale parameter l approaches zero.
Boundary Dynamics of Higher Dimensional Chern-Simons Gravity
Gegenberg, J.; Kunstatter, G.
2000-01-01
We review the relevance to the black hole entropy problem of boundary dynamics in Chern-Simons gravity. We then describe a recent derivation of the action induced on the four dimensional boundary in a five dimensional Chern-Simons gravity theory with gauge invariant, anti-deSitter boundary conditions.
From Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in $AdS_3$ towards hydrodynamics in $1+1$ dimensions
Chang, Han-Chih; Kaminski, Matthias
2014-01-01
We study Abelian Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in three-dimensional $AdS$ black hole backgrounds for both integer and non-integer Chern-Simons coupling. Such theories can be derived from various string theory constructions, which we review in the present work. In particular we find exact solutions in the low frequency, low momentum limit, $\\omega, k \\ll T$(hydrodynamic limit). Using the holographic principle, we translate our results into correlation functions of vector and scalar operators in the dual strongly coupled 1+1-dimensional quantum field theory with a chiral anomaly at non-zero temperature $T$. Starting from the conformal case we show applicability of the hydrodynamic limit and discuss extensions to the non-conformal case. Correlation functions in the conformal case are compared to an exact field theoretic computation.
Hydrodynamics in 1+1 dimensions from Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in AdS_3
Chang, Han-Chih; Kaminski, Matthias
2015-01-01
In this presentation we review our work on Abelian Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in three-dimensional AdS black brane backgrounds, with both integer and non-integer Chern-Simons coupling. Such theories can be derived from several string theory constructions, and we found exact solutions in the low frequency, low momentum limit (omega, k << T, the hydrodynamic limit). Our results are translated into correlation functions of vector operators in the dual strongly coupled 1+1-dimensional quantum field theory with a chiral anomaly at non-zero temperature T, via the holographic correspondence. The applicability of the hydrodynamic limit is discussed, together with the comparison between an exact field theoretic computation and the found holographic correlation functions in the conformal case.
The Hilbert space of the Chern-Simons theory on a cylinder: a loop quantum gravity approach
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As a laboratory for loop quantum gravity, we consider the canonical quantization of the three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory on a noncompact space with the topology of a cylinder. Working within the loop quantization formalism, we define at the quantum level the constraints appearing in the canonical approach and completely solve them, thus constructing a gauge and diffeomorphism invariant physical Hilbert space for the theory. This space turns out to be infinite dimensional, but separable.
D2-brane Chern-Simons theories: F -maximization = a-maximization
Fluder, Martin; Sparks, James
2016-01-01
We study a system of N D2-branes probing a generic Calabi-Yau three-fold singularity in the presence of a non-zero quantized Romans mass n. We argue that the low-energy effective c N=2 Chern-Simons quiver gauge theory flows to a superconformal fixed point in the IR, and construct the dual AdS4 solution in massive IIA supergravity. We compute the free energy F of the gauge theory on S 3 using localization. In the large N limit we find F = c ( nN )1/3 a 2/3, where c is a universal constant and a is the a-function of the "parent" four-dimensional N=1 theory on N D3-branes probing the same Calabi-Yau singularity. It follows that maximizing F over the space of admissible R-symmetries is equivalent to maximizing a for this class of theories. Moreover, we show that the gauge theory result precisely matches the holographic free energy of the supergravity solution, and provide a similar matching of the VEV of a BPS Wilson loop operator.
D2-brane Chern-Simons theories: F-maximization = a-maximization
Fluder, Martin
2015-01-01
We study a system of N D2-branes probing a generic Calabi-Yau three-fold singularity in the presence of a non-zero quantized Romans mass n. We argue that the low-energy effective N = 2 Chern-Simons quiver gauge theory flows to a superconformal fixed point in the IR, and construct the dual AdS_4 solution in massive IIA supergravity. We compute the free energy F of the gauge theory on S^3 using localization. In the large N limit we find F = c(nN)^{1/3}a^{2/3}, where c is a universal constant and a is the a-function of the "parent" four-dimensional N = 1 theory on N D3-branes probing the same Calabi-Yau singularity. It follows that maximizing F over the space of admissible R-symmetries is equivalent to maximizing a for this class of theories. Moreover, we show that the gauge theory result precisely matches the holographic free energy of the supergravity solution, and provide a similar matching of the VEV of a BPS Wilson loop operator.
Doubled Lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills Theories with Discrete Gauge Group
Caspar, Stephan; Olesen, Therkel Z; Vlasii, Nadiia D; Wiese, Uwe-Jens
2016-01-01
We construct doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group $G$ in the Hamiltonian formulation. Here, these theories are considered on a square spatial lattice and the fundamental degrees of freedom are defined on pairs of links from the direct lattice and its dual, respectively. This provides a natural lattice construction for topologically-massive gauge theories, which are invariant under parity and time-reversal symmetry. After defining the building blocks of the doubled theories, paying special attention to the realization of gauge transformations on quantum states, we examine the dynamics in the group space of a single cross, which is spanned by a single link and its dual. The dynamics is governed by the single-cross electric Hamiltonian and admits a simple quantum mechanical analogy to the problem of a charged particle moving on a discrete space affected by an abstract electromagnetic potential. Such a particle might accumulate a phase shift equivalent to an Aharonov-Bohm pha...
Vacuum Instability in Chern-Simons Gravity
Dyda, Sergei; Kamionkowski, Marc
2012-01-01
We explore perturbations about a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background in Chern-Simons gravity. At large momenta one of the two circularly polarized tensor modes becomes ghostlike. We argue that nevertheless the theory does not exhibit classical runaway solutions, except possibly in the relativistic nonlinear regime. However, the ghost modes cause the vacuum state to be quantum mechanically unstable, with a decay rate that is naively infinite. The decay rate can be made finite only if one interprets the theory as an effective quantum field theory valid up to some momentum cutoff, which violates Lorentz invariance. By demanding that the energy density in photons created by vacuum decay over the lifetime of the Universe not violate observational bounds, we derive strong constraints on the two dimensional parameter space of the theory, consisting of the cutoff and the Chern-Simons mass.
Non-minimal Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and the composite Fermion model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paschoal, Ricardo C. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Servico Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial (SENAI), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Tecnologia da Industria Quimica e Textil (CETIQT); Helayel Neto, Jose A. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Grupo de Fisica Teorica Jose Leite Lopes, Petropolis, RJ (Brazil); E-mails: paschoal@cbpf.br; helayel@cbpf.br
2003-01-01
The magnetic field redefinition in Jain's composite fermion model for the fractional quantum Hall effect is shown to be effective described by a mean-field approximation of a model containing a Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge field nominally coupled to matter. Also an explicit non-relativistic limit of the non-minimal (2+1) D Dirac's equation is derived. (author)
Setare, M R
2015-01-01
The Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity (CSLTG) are formulated at first order formalism. In this formalism, the derivation of the conserved charges is problematic. In this paper we overcome to these problems by considering the concept of total variation and the Lorentz-Lie derivative. At first, we find an expression for the ADT conserved current in context of CSLTG which is based on the concept of Killing vector fields. Then, we generalize it such that the generalized ADT current be conserved for all diffeomorphism generators. Thus, we can extract an off-shell conserved charge for any vector field which generates a diffeomorphism. The formalism presented here are based on the concept of quasi-local conserved charge which is off-shell and we can calculate them on any codimension two space-like surface surrounding a black hole and the results are independent of the chosen surface. By using the off-shell quasi-local conserved charge, we investigate the Virasoro algebra and we find a formula to calculate the ce...
Probing Wilson loops in ${\\cal N}=4$ Chern-Simons-matter theories at weak coupling
Griguolo, Luca; Mauri, Andrea; Penati, Silvia; Seminara, Domenico
2015-01-01
For three-dimensional ${\\cal N}=4$ super Chern-Simons-matter theories associated to necklace quivers $U(N_0) \\times U(N_1) \\times \\cdots U(N_{2r-1}) $, we study at quantum level the two kinds of 1/2 BPS Wilson loop operators recently introduced in arXiv:1506.07614. We perform a two-loop evaluation and find the same result for the two kinds of operators, so moving to higher loops a possible quantum uplift of the classical degeneracy. We also compute the 1/4 BPS bosonic Wilson loop and discuss the quantum version of the cohomological equivalence between fermionic and bosonic Wilson loops. We compare the perturbative result with the Matrix Model prediction and find perfect matching, after identification and remotion of a suitable framing factor. Finally, we discuss the potential appearance of three-loop contributions that might break the classical degeneracy and briefly analyse possible implications on the BPS nature of these operators.
Chern-Simons theory on S1-bundles: Abelianisation and Q-deformed Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study Chern-Simons theory on 3-manifolds M that are circle- bundles over 2-dimensional surfaces Σ and show that the method of Abelianisation, previously employed for trivial bundles ΣxS1, can be adapted to this case. This reduces the non-Abelian theory on M to a 2-dimensional Abelian theory on Σ which we identify with q-deformed Yang-Mills theory, as anticipated by Vafa et al. We compare and contrast our results with those obtained by Beasley and Witten using the method of non- Abelian localisation, and determine the surgery and framing prescription implicit in this path integral evaluation. We also comment on the extension of these methods to BF theory and other generalisations. (author)
Ruiz Ruiz, Fernando; Martin, C. P.; Giavarini, G.
1993-01-01
We show that the renormalized vacuum expectation value of the Wilson loop for topologically massive abelian gauge theory in $\\RR^3$ can be defined so that its large-mass limit be the renormalized vacuum expectation value of the Wilson loop for abelian Chern-Simons theory also in $\\RR^3$.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We show that the renormalized vacuum expectation value of the Wilson loop for topologically massive abelian gauge theory in bbfR3 can be defined so that its large-mass limit be the renormalized vaccum expectation value of the Wilson loop for abelian Chern-Simons theory also in bbfR3. (orig.)
Rey, Soo-Jong; Suyama, Takao; Yamaguchi, Satoshi
2008-01-01
We study Wilson loop operators in three-dimensional, N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory dual to IIA superstring theory on AdS4 x CP3. Novelty of Wilson loop operators in this theory is that, for a given contour, there are two linear combinations of Wilson loop transforming oppositely under time-reversal transformation. We show that one combination is holographically dual to IIA fundamental string, while orthogonal combination is set to zero. We gather supporting evidences from detailed co...
The Chern-Simons Number as a Dynamical Variable
Tye, S -H Henry
2016-01-01
In the standard electroweak theory that describes nature, the Chern-Simons number associated with the vacua as well as the unstable sphaleron solutions play a crucial role in the baryon number violating processes. We recall why the Chern-Simons number should be generalized from a set of discrete values to a dynamical (quantum) variable. Via the construction of an appropriate Hopf invariant and the winding number, we discuss how the geometric information in the gauge fields is also captured in the Higgs field. We then discuss the choice of the Hopf variable in relation to the Chern-Simons variable.
Ouyang, Hao; Zhang, Jia-ju
2015-01-01
We show that generic three-dimensional $\\mathcal N=2$ quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories admit Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) Drukker-Trancanelli (DT) type Wilson loops. In Aharnoy-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory, we find that the generic BPS DT type Wilson loops preserve the same number of supersymmetries as Gaiotto-Yin type Wilson loops. There are several free parameters for the generic BPS DT type Wilson loops in the construction, and supersymmetry enhancement for Wilson loops only happens for special values of the parameters.
Spontaneous Breaking of Scale Invariance in U(N) Chern-Simons Gauge Theories in Three Dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bardeen, William A. [Fermilab
2015-09-24
I explore the existence of a massive phase in a conformally invariant U(N) Chern-Simons gauge theories in D = 3 with matter fields in the fundamental representation. These models have attracted recent attention as being dual, in the conformal phase, to theories of higher spin gravity on AdS 4. Using the 0t Hooft large N expansion, exact solutions are obtained for scalar current correlators in the massive phase where the conformal symmetry is spontaneously broken. A massless dilaton appears as a composite state, and its properties are discussed. Solutions exist for matters field that are either bosons or fermions.
Spontaneous Breaking of Scale Invariance in U(N) Chern-Simons Gauge Theories in Three Dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bardeen, William [Fermilab
2014-10-24
I explore the existence of a massive phase in a conformally invariant U(N) Chern-Simons gauge theories in D = 3 with matter fields in the fundamental representation. These models have attracted recent attention as being dual, in the conformal phase, to theories of higher spin gravity on AdS 4. Using the 1t Hooft large N expansion, exact solutions are obtained for scalar current correlators in the massive phase where the conformal symmetry is spontaneously broken. A massless dilaton appears as a composite state, and its properties are discussed. Solutions exist for matters field that are either bosons or fermions.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is shown how the E8 Yang-Mills theory is a small sector of a Cl(16) algebra gauge theory and why the 11D Chern-Simons (super) gravity theory can be embedded into a Cl(11) algebra gauge theory. These results may shed some light into the origins behind the hidden E8 symmetry of 11D supergravity. To finalize, we explain how the Clifford algebra gauge theory (that contains the Chern-Simons gravity action in D=11, for example) can itself be embedded into a more fundamental polyvector-valued gauge theory in Clifford spaces involving tensorial coordinates xμ1μ2,xμ1μ2μ3,...,xμ1μ2...μD in addition to antisymmetric tensor gauge fields Aμ1μ2,Aμ1μ2μ3,...,Aμ1μ2...μD. The polyvector-valued supersymmetric extension of this polyvector valued bosonic gauge theory in Clifford spaces may reveal more important features of a Clifford-algebraic structure underlying M, F theory.
Jain, Sachin; Minwalla, Shiraz; Takimi, Tomohisa; Wadia, Spenta R; Yokoyama, Shuichi
2014-01-01
We present explicit computations and conjectures for $2 \\to 2$ scattering matrices in large $N$ {\\it $U(N)$} Chern-Simons theories coupled to fundamental bosonic or fermionic matter to all orders in the 't Hooft coupling expansion. The bosonic and fermionic S-matrices map to each other under the recently conjectured Bose-Fermi duality after a level-rank transposition. The S-matrices presented in this paper may be regarded as relativistic generalization of Aharonov-Bohm scattering. They have unusual structural features: they include a non analytic piece localized on forward scattering, and obey modified crossing symmetry rules. We conjecture that these unusual features are properties of S-matrices in all Chern-Simons matter theories. The S-matrix in one of the exchange channels in our paper has an anyonic character; the parameter map of the conjectured Bose-Fermi duality may be derived by equating the anyonic phase in the bosonic and fermionic theories.
The moduli spaces of $3d$ ${\\cal N} \\ge 2$ Chern-Simons gauge theories and their Hilbert series
Cremonesi, Stefano; Zaffaroni, Alberto
2016-01-01
We present a formula for the Hilbert series that counts gauge invariant chiral operators in a large class of 3d ${\\cal N} \\ge 2$ Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theories. The formula counts 't Hooft monopole operators dressed by gauge invariants of a residual gauge theory of massless fields in the monopole background. We provide a general formula for the case of abelian theories, where nonperturbative corrections are absent, and consider a few examples of nonabelian theories where nonperturbative corrections are well understood. We also analyze in detail nonabelian ABJ(M) theories as well as worldvolume theories of M2-branes probing Calabi-Yau fourfold and hyperK\\"ahler twofold singularities with ${\\cal N} = 2$ and ${\\cal N} = 3$ supersymmetry.
Chern Simons bosonization along RG flows
Minwalla, Shiraz; Yokoyama, Shuichi
2016-02-01
It has previously been conjectured that the theory of free fundamental scalars minimally coupled to a Chern Simons gauge field is dual to the theory of critical fundamental fermions minimally coupled to a level rank dual Chern Simons gauge field. In this paper we study RG flows away from these two fixed points by turning on relevant operators. In the 't Hooft large N limit we compute the thermal partition along each of these flows and find a map of parameters under which the two partition functions agree exactly with each other all the way from the UV to the IR. We conjecture that the bosonic and fermionic RG flows are dual to each other under this map of parameters. Our flows can be tuned to end at the gauged critical scalar theory and gauged free fermionic theories respectively. Assuming the validity of our conjecture, this tuned trajectory may be viewed as RG flow from the gauged theory of free bosons to the gauged theory of free fermions.
Chern Simons Bosonization along RG Flows
Minwalla, Shiraz
2015-01-01
It has previously been conjectured that the theory of free fundamental scalars minimally coupled to a Chern Simons gauge field is dual to the theory of critical fundamental fermions minimally coupled to a level rank dual Chern Simons gauge field. In this paper we study RG flows away from these two fixed points by turning on relevant operators. In the t' Hooft large N limit we compute the thermal partition along each of these flows and find a map of parameters under which the two partition functions agree exactly with each other all the way from the UV to the IR. We conjecture that the bosonic and fermionic RG flows are dual to each other under this map of parameters. Our flows can be tuned to end at the gauged critical scalar theory and gauged free fermionic theories respectively. Assuming the validity of our conjecture, this tuned trajectory may be viewed as RG flow from the gauged theory of free bosons to the gauged theory of free fermions.
Casimir force between Chern-Simons surfaces
Bordag, M.; Vassilevich, D.V.(CMCC-Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo André, SP, Brazil)
1999-01-01
We calculate the Casimir force between two parallel plates if the boundary conditions for the photons are modified due to presence of the Chern-Simons term. We show that this effect should be measurable within the present experimental technique.
Wen, Xueda; Matsuura, Shunji; Ryu, Shinsei
Topological entanglement entropy of (2+1) dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theories on a general manifold is usually calculated with Witten's method of surgeries and replica trick, in which the spacetime manifold under consideration is very complicated. In this work, we develop an edge theory approach, which greatly simplifies the calculation of topological entanglement entropy of a Chern-Simons theory. Our approach applies to a general manifold with arbitrary genus. The effect of braiding and fusion of Wilson lines can be straightforwardly calculated within our framework. In addition, our method can be generalized to the study of other entanglement measures such as mutual information and entanglement negativity of a topological quantum field theory on a general manifold.
The massive fermion phase for the U(N) Chern-Simons gauge theory in D=3 at large N
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We explore the phase structure of fermions in the U(N) Chern-Simons Gauge theory in three dimensions using the large N limit where N is the number of colors and the fermions are taken to be in the fundamental representation of the U(N) gauge group. In the large N limit, the theory retains its classical conformal behavior and considerable attention has been paid to possible AdS/CFT dualities of the theory in the conformal phase. In this paper we present a solution for the massive phase of the fermion theory that is exact to the leading order of 't Hooft's large N expansion. We present evidence for the spontaneous breaking of the exact scale symmetry and analyze the properties of the dilaton that appears as the Goldstone boson of scale symmetry breaking
Inbasekar, Karthik; Mazumdar, Subhajit; Minwalla, Shiraz; Umesh, V; Yokoyama, Shuichi
2015-01-01
We study the most general renormalizable ${\\cal N}=1$ $U(N)$ Chern-Simons gauge theory coupled to a single (generically massive) fundamental matter multiplet. At leading order in the 't Hooft large $N$ limit we present computations and conjectures for the $2 \\times 2$ $S$ matrix in these theories; our results apply at all orders in the 't Hooft coupling and the matter self interaction. Our $S$ matrices are in perfect agreement with the recently conjectured strong weak coupling self duality of this class of theories. The consistency of our results with unitarity requires a modification of the usual rules of crossing symmetry in precisely the manner anticipated in arXiv:1404.6373, lending substantial support to the conjectures of that paper. In a certain range of coupling constants our $S$ matrices have a pole whose mass vanishes on a self dual codimension one surface in the space of couplings.
The SU(2)xSU(2) sector in the string dual of N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We examine the string dual of the recently constructed N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory of Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis and Maldacena (ABJM theory). We focus in particular on the SU(2)xSU(2) sector. We find a sigma-model limit in which the resulting sigma-model is two Landau-Lifshitz models added together. We consider a Penrose limit for which we can approach the SU(2)xSU(2) sector. Finally, we find a new Giant Magnon solution in the SU(2)xSU(2) sector corresponding to one magnon in each SU(2). We put these results together to find the full magnon dispersion relation and we compare this to recently found results for ABJM theory at weak coupling
The SU(2)xSU(2) sector in the string dual of N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grignani, Gianluca [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Perugia, I.N.F.N. Sezione di Perugia, Via Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy)], E-mail: grignani@pg.infn.it; Harmark, Troels [Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)], E-mail: harmark@nbi.dk; Orselli, Marta [Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)], E-mail: orselli@nbi.dk
2009-03-21
We examine the string dual of the recently constructed N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory of Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis and Maldacena (ABJM theory). We focus in particular on the SU(2)xSU(2) sector. We find a sigma-model limit in which the resulting sigma-model is two Landau-Lifshitz models added together. We consider a Penrose limit for which we can approach the SU(2)xSU(2) sector. Finally, we find a new Giant Magnon solution in the SU(2)xSU(2) sector corresponding to one magnon in each SU(2). We put these results together to find the full magnon dispersion relation and we compare this to recently found results for ABJM theory at weak coupling.
Martín-Ruiz, A.; Cambiaso, M.; Urrutia, L. F.
2015-12-01
Boundary effects produced by a Chern-Simons (CS) extension to electrodynamics are analyzed exploiting the Green's function (GF) method. We consider the electromagnetic field coupled to a θ term in a way that has been proposed to provide the correct low-energy effective action for topological insulators (TI). We take the θ term to be piecewise constant in different regions of space separated by a common interface Σ , which will be called the θ boundary. Features arising due to the presence of the boundary, such as magnetoelectric effects, are already known in CS extended electrodynamics, and solutions for some experimental setups have been found, each with its specific configuration of sources. In this work we illustrate a method to construct the GF that allows us to solve the CS modified field equations for a given θ boundary with otherwise arbitrary configuration of sources. The method is illustrated by solving the case of a planar θ boundary but can also be applied for cylindrical and spherical geometries for which the θ boundary can be characterized by a surface where a given coordinate remains constant. The static fields of a pointlike charge interacting with a planar TI, as described by a planar discontinuity in θ , are calculated and successfully compared with previously reported results. We also compute the force between the charge and the θ boundary by two different methods, using the energy-momentum tensor approach and the interaction energy calculated via the GF. The infinitely straight current-carrying wire is also analyzed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The covariant path integral quantization of the theory of the scalar and spinor fields interacting through the Abelian and non-Abelian Chern-Simons gauge fields in 2+1 dimensions is carried out using the De Witt-Fadeev-Popov method. The mathematical ill-definiteness of the path integral of theories with pure Chern-Simons' fields is remedied by the introduction of the Maxwell or Maxwell-type (in the non-Abelian case) terms, which make the resulting theories super-renormalizable and guarantees their gauge-invariant regularization and renormalization. The generating functionals are constructed and shown to be the same as those of quantum electrodynamics (quantum chromodynamics) in 2+1 dimensions with the substitution of the Chern-Simons propagator for the photon (gluon) propagator. By constructing the propagator in the general case, the existence of two limits; pure Chern-Simons and quantum electrodynamics (quantum chromodynamics) after renormalization is demonstrated. The Batalin-Fradkin-Vilkovisky method is invoked to quantize the theory of spinor non-Abelian fields interacting via the pure Chern-Simons gauge field and the equivalence of the resulting generating functional to the one given by the De Witt-Fadeev-Popov method is demonstrated. The S-matrix operator is constructed, and starting from this S-matrix operator novel topological unitarity identities are derived that demand the vanishing of the gauge-invariant sum of the imaginary parts of the Feynman diagrams with a given number of intermediate on-shell topological photon lines in each order of perturbation theory. These identities are illustrated by explicit examples. (author)
The quantum 1/2 BPS Wilson loop in ${\\cal N}=4$ Chern-Simons-matter theories
Bianchi, Marco S; Leoni, Matias; Mauri, Andrea; Penati, Silvia; Seminara, Domenico
2016-01-01
In three dimensional ${\\cal N}=4$ Chern-Simons-matter theories two independent fermionic Wilson loop operators can be defined, which preserve half of the supersymmetry charges and are cohomologically equivalent at classical level. We compute their three-loop expectation value in a convenient color sector and prove that the degeneracy is uplifted by quantum corrections. We expand the matrix model prediction in the same regime and by comparison we conclude that the quantum 1/2 BPS Wilson loop is the average of the two operators. We provide an all-loop argument to support this claim at any order. As a by-product, we identify the localization result at three loops as a correction to the framing factor induced by matter interactions. Finally, we comment on the quantum properties of the non-1/2 BPS Wilson loop operator defined as the difference of the two fermionic ones.
On Quantum Corrections to Chern-Simons Spinor Electrodynamics
Chaichian, Masud; Fainberg, V Ya
1998-01-01
We make a detailed investigation on the quantum corrections to Abelian Chern-Simons spinor electrodynamics. Starting from Chern-Simons spinor quantum electrodynamics with the Maxwell term $-1/(4\\gamma){\\int}d^3x F_{\\mu\
Chern-Simons from Dirichlet 2-brane instantons
O'Loughlin, M H
1996-01-01
In the vicinity of points in Calabi-Yau moduli space where there are degenerating three-cycles the low energy effective action of type IIA string theory will contain significant contributions arising from membrane instantons that wrap around these three-cycles. We show that the world-volume description of these instantons is Chern-Simons theory.
Renormalization of the N = 1 Abelian super-Chern-Simons theory coupled to parity-preserving matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyse the renormalizability of an Abelian N=1 super-Chern-Simons model coupled to parity-preserving matter on the light of the regularization independent algebraic method. The model shows to be stable under radiative corrections and to gauge anomaly free. (author)
Even-dimensional topological gravity from Chern-Simons gravity
Merino, N.; Perez, Alfredo; Salgado, P.(Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile)
2009-01-01
It is shown that the topological action for gravity in 2n-dimensions can be obtained from the 2n+1-dimensional Chern-Simons gravity genuinely invariant under the Poincare group. The 2n-dimensional topological gravity is described by the dynamics of the boundary of a 2n+1-dimensional Chern-Simons gravity theory with suitable boundary conditions. The field $\\phi^{a}$, which is necessary to construct this type of topological gravity in even dimensions, is identified with the coset field associat...
Chern-Simons superconductivity at finite temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A simple gauge theory discussed recently in the literature as a model of high temperature superconductors is examined. The model contains a Maxwell field and a Chern-Simons field coupled to fermions in 2+1-dimensional spacetime. This model has been shown to exhibit a kind of Meissner effect at zero temperature which originates in the 1-loop mixing between the two gauge fields. We use a Euclidean effective action formulation to show that the effect persists at all finite temperatures. Although a long range magnetic type interaction arises at non-zero temperatures, in competition with the finite range forces which dominate the zero temperature interaction, the effect varies smoothly with temperature. In our perturbation treatment, we find no indication of a critical transition at which the Meissner effect is extinguished. (author). 9 refs, 3 figs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the two-dimensional version of the Chern-Simons action derived from the recently proposed even-dimensional generalized Chern-Simons action. We show that the two-dimensional topological gravity emerges if we choose the Clifford algebra as a nonstandard gauge symmetry algebra required from the generalized Chern-Simons action. We find a ''hidden order parameter'' which differentiates the gravity phase and nongravity phase
Non-Abelian Chern-Simons Quantum Mechanics
Lee, Taejin; Oh, Phillial
1993-01-01
We propose a classical model for the non-Abelian Chern-Simons theory coupled to $N$ point-like sources and quantize the system using the BRST technique. The resulting quantum mechanics provides a unified framework for fractional spin, braid statistics and Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation.
Rey, Soo-Jong; Yamaguchi, Satoshi
2009-01-01
We investigate Wilson loop operators in three-dimensional, N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory dual to IIA superstring theory on AdS4 x CP3. A novelty of the Wilson loop operators is that, for a given Wilson loop contour, there are even and odd varieties under generalized spacetime parity. We assert that parity-even BPS Wilson loop is special and that it is holographic dual to IIA fundamental string piercing D2-branes, rather than ending on it. We show that parity-even BPS Wilson loop exhibits remarkable features that are strikingly parallel to the BPS Wilson loop in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions. We compute vacuum expectation value of the parity-even BPS Wilson loops in planar perturbation theory up to three-loop order. From this, we propose that circular Wilson loop is computable exactly by a zero-dimensional Gaussian matrix model whose variance is specified by a specific transcendental function. We expect the function interpolates smoothly between weak and strong coupling regime, thus o...
Setare, M R
2016-01-01
In this paper we study the near horizon symmetry algebra of the non-extremal black hole solutions of the Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity, which are stationary but are not necessarily spherically symmetric. We define the extended off-shell ADT current which is an extension of the generalized ADT current. We use the extended off-shell ADT current to define quasi-local conserved charges such that they are conserved for Killing vectors and asymptotically Killing vectors which depend on dynamical fields of the considered theory. We apply this formalism to the Generalized Minimal Massive Gravity( GMMG) and obtain conserved charges of a spacetime which describes near horizon geometry of non-extremal black holes. Eventually, we find the algebra of conserved charges in Fourier modes. It is interesting that, similar to the Einstein gravity in the presence of negative cosmological constant, for the GMMG model also we obtain the Heisenberg algebra as the near horizon symmetry algebra of the black flower solutions. ...
Gaete, Patricio
2016-01-01
By using the gauge-invariant but path-dependent, variables formalism, we consider a recently proposed topologically massive $U{\\left( 1 \\right)_{\\cal W}} \\times U{(1)_{\\cal Y}}$ Chern-Simons-Higgs theory in $2+1$ dimensions. In particular, we inspect the impact of a Chern-Simons mixing term between two Abelian gauge fields on physical observables. We pursue our investigation by analysing the model in two different situations. In the first case, where we integrate out the massive excitation and consider an effective model for the massless field, we show that the interaction energy contains a linear term leading to the confinement of static charge probes along with a screening contribution. The second situation, where the massless field can be exactly integrated over with its constraint duly taken into account, the interesting feature is that the resulting effective model describes a purely screening phase, without any trace of a confining regime.
Noncommutative Chern-Simons terms and the noncommutative vacuum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is pointed out that the space noncommutativity parameters θμ ν in noncommutative gauge theory can be considered as a set of superselection parameters, in analogy with the theta-angle in ordinary gauge theories. As such, they do not need to enter explicitly into the action. A simple generic formula is then suggested to reproduce the Chern-Simons action in noncommutative gauge theory, which reduces to the standard action in the commutative limit but in general implies a cascade of lower-dimensional Chern-Simons terms. The presence of these terms in general alters the vacuum structure of the theory and nonstandard gauge theories can emerge around the new vacua. (author)
The Hitchin-Witten Connection and Complex Quantum Chern-Simons Theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Gammelgaard, Niels Leth
We give a direct calculation of the curvature of the Hitchin connection, in geometric quantization on a symplectic manifold, using only differential geometric techniques. In particular, we establish that the curvature acts as a first-order operator on the quantum spaces. Projective flatness follows...... if the Kähler structures do not admit holomorphic vector fields. Following Witten, we define a complex variant of the Hitchin connection on the bundle of prequantum spaces. The curvature is essentially unchanged, so projective flatness holds in the same cases. Finally, the results are applied to quantum Chern...
Absence of higher order corrections to noncommutative Chern-Simons coupling
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyze the structure of noncommutative pure Chern-Simons theory systematically in the axial gauge. We show that there is no IR/UV mixing in this theory in this gauge. In fact, we show, using the usual BRST identities as well as the identities following from vector supersymmetry, that this is a free theory. As a result, the tree level Chern-Simons coefficient is not renormalized. It also holds that the Chern-Simons coefficient is not modified at finite temperature. (author)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DUAN Yi-Shi; REN Ji-Rong; LI Ran
2007-01-01
In this paper, spinor and vector decompositions of SU(2) gauge potential are presented and their equivalence is constructed using a simply proposal. We also obtain the action of Faddeev nonlinear O(3) sigma model from the SU(2)massive gauge field theory, which is proposed according to the gauge invariant principle. At last, the knot structure in SU(2) Chern-Simons filed theory is discussed in terms of the φ-mapping topological current theory. The topological charge of the knot is characterized by the Hopf indices and the Brouwer degrees of φ-mapping.
Chern-Simons expectation values and quantum horizons from loop quantum gravity and the Duflo map.
Sahlmann, Hanno; Thiemann, Thomas
2012-03-16
We report on a new approach to the calculation of Chern-Simons theory expectation values, using the mathematical underpinnings of loop quantum gravity, as well as the Duflo map, a quantization map for functions on Lie algebras. These new developments can be used in the quantum theory for certain types of black hole horizons, and they may offer new insights for loop quantum gravity, Chern-Simons theory and the theory of quantum groups. PMID:22540458
Setare, M. R.; Adami, H.
2016-08-01
The Chern-Simons-like theories of gravity (CSLTG) are formulated at first order formalism. In this formalism, the derivation of the entropy of a black hole on bifurcation surface, as a quasi-local conserved charge is problematic. In this paper we overcome these problems by considering the concept of total variation and the Lorentz-Lie derivative. We firstly find an expression for the ADT conserved current in the context of the CSLTG which is based on the concept of the Killing vector fields. Then, we generalize it to be conserved for all diffeomorphism generators. Thus, we can extract an off-shell conserved charge for any vector field which generates a diffeomorphism. The formalism presented here is based on the concept of quasi-local conserved charges which are off-shell. The charges can be calculated on any codimension two space-like surface surrounding a black hole and the results are independent of the chosen surface. By using the off-shell quasi-local conserved charge, we investigate the Virasoro algebra and find a formula to calculate the central extension term. We apply the formalism to the BTZ black hole solution in the context of the Einstein gravity and the Generalized massive gravity, then we find the eigenvalues of their Virasoro generators as well as the corresponding central charges. Eventually, we calculate the entropy of the BTZ black hole by the Cardy formula and we show that the result exactly matches the one obtained by the concept of the off-shell conserved charges.
Chern-Simons: Fano and Calabi-Yau
Hanany, Amihay
2009-01-01
We present the complete classification of smooth toric Fano threefolds, known to the algebraic geometry literature, and perform some preliminary analyses in the context of brane-tilings and Chern-Simons theory on M2-branes probing Calabi-Yau fourfold singularities. We emphasise that these 18 spaces should be as intensely studied as their well-known counter-parts: the del Pezzo surfaces.
Chern-Simons-Schwinger model of confinement in $QCD$
Aurilia, Antonio; Spallucci, Euro
2015-01-01
It has been shown that the mechanism of formation of glue-bags in the strong coupling limit of Yang-Mills theory can be understood in terms of the dynamics of a higher-rank abelian gauge field, namely, the 3-form dual to the Chern-Simons topological current. Building on this result, we show that the field theoretical interpretation of the Chern-Simons term, as opposed to its topological interpretation, also leads to the analytic form of the confinement potential that arises in the large distance limit of $QCD$. In fact, for a $(3+1)$-dimensional generalization of the Schwinger model, we explicitly compute the interaction energy. This generalization is due to the presence of the topological gauge field $A_{\\mu\
Enhancement of hidden symmetries and Chern-Simons couplings
Henneaux, Marc; Lekeu, Victor
2015-01-01
We study the role of Chern--Simons couplings for the appearance of enhanced symmetries of Cremmer--Julia type in various theories. It is shown explicitly that for generic values of the Chern--Simons coupling there is only a parabolic Lie subgroup of symmetries after reduction to three space-time dimensions but that this parabolic Lie group gets enhanced to the full and larger Cremmer--Julia Lie group of hidden symmetries if the coupling takes a specific value. This is heralded by an enhanced isotropy group of the metric on the scalar manifold. Examples of this phenomenon are discussed as well as the relation to supersymmetry. Our results are also connected with rigidity theorems of Borel-like algebras.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vortex-like and string-like solutions of 2+1 Dim. SU(2) YM theory with the Chern-Simons term are discussed. Two ansatze are constructed which yield respectively analytic Bessel function solutions and elliptic function solutions. The Bessel function solutions are vortex-like and tend to the same vacuum state as the Ginzburg-Landau vortex solution at large ρ. The Jacobi elliptic function solutions are string-like, have finite energy and magnetic flux concentrated along a line in the x1 - x2 plane. (author). 18 refs
Supersymmetric Wilson Loops in N=6 Super Chern-Simons-matter theory
Chen, Bin; Wu, Jun-Bao
2008-01-01
We study supersymmetric Wilson loop operators in ABJM theory from both sides of the AdS_4/CFT_3 correspondence. We first construct some supersymmetric Wilson loops. The perturbative computations are performed in the field theory side at the first two orders. A fundamental string solution ending on a circular loop is also studied.
Accelerated FRW solutions in Chern-Simons gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cataldo, Mauricio [Universidad del Bio-Bio, Departamento de Fisica, Concepcion (Chile); Crisostomo, Juan; Gomez, Fernando; Salgado, Patricio [Universidad de Concepcion, Departamento de Fisica, Concepcion (Chile); Campo, Sergio del [Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Instituto de Fisica, Valparaiso (Chile); Quinzacara, Cristian C. [Universidad de Concepcion, Departamento de Fisica, Concepcion (Chile); Universidad San Sebastian, Facultad de Ingenieria y Tecnologia, Concepcion (Chile)
2014-10-15
We consider a five-dimensional Einstein-Chern-Simons action which is composed of a gravitational sector and a sector of matter where the gravitational sector is given by a Chern-Simons gravity action instead of the Einstein-Hilbert action and where the matter sector is given by the so-called perfect fluid. It is shown that (i) the Einstein-Chern-Simons (EChS) field equations subject to suitable conditions can be written in a similar way to the Einstein-Maxwell field equations; (ii) these equations have solutions that describe an accelerated expansion for the three possible cosmological models of the universe, namely, spherical expansion, flat expansion, and hyperbolic expansion when α a parameter of the theory, is greater than zero. This result allows us to conjecture that these solutions are compatible with the era of dark energy and that the energy-momentum tensor for the field h{sup a}, a bosonic gauge field from the Chern-Simons gravity action, corresponds to a form of positive cosmological constant. It is also shown that the EChS field equations have solutions compatible with the era of matter: (i) In the case of an open universe, the solutions correspond to an accelerated expansion (α > 0) with a minimum scale factor at initial time that, when time goes to infinity, the scale factor behaves as a hyperbolic sine function. (ii) In the case of a flat universe, the solutions describe an accelerated expansion whose scale factor behaves as an exponential function of time. (iii) In the case of a closed universe there is found only one solution for a universe in expansion, which behaves as a hyperbolic cosine function of time. (orig.)
Chern-Simons diffusion rate across different phase transitions
Rougemont, Romulo; Finazzo, Stefano Ivo
2016-05-01
We investigate how the dimensionless ratio given by the Chern-Simons diffusion rate ΓCS divided by the product of the entropy density s and temperature T behaves across different kinds of phase transitions in the class of bottom-up nonconformal Einstein-dilaton holographic models originally proposed by Gubser and Nellore. By tuning the dilaton potential, one is able to holographically mimic a first order, a second order, or a crossover transition. In a first order phase transition, ΓCS/s T jumps at the critical temperature (as previously found in the holographic literature), while in a second order phase transition it develops an infinite slope. On the other hand, in a crossover, ΓCS/s T behaves smoothly, although displaying a fast variation around the pseudo-critical temperature. In all the cases, ΓCS/s T increases with decreasing T . The behavior of the Chern-Simons diffusion rate across different phase transitions is expected to play a relevant role for the chiral magnetic effect around the QCD critical end point, which is a second order phase transition point connecting a crossover band to a line of first order phase transition. Our findings in the present work add to the literature the first predictions for the Chern-Simons diffusion rate across second order and crossover transitions in strongly coupled nonconformal, non-Abelian gauge theories.
Exact Slope and Interpolating Functions in N=6 Supersymmetric Chern-Simons Theory
Gromov, Nikolay; Sizov, Grigory
2014-09-01
Using the quantum spectral curve approach we compute, exactly, an observable (called slope function) in the planar Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theory in terms of an unknown interpolating function h(λ) which plays the role of the coupling in any integrability based calculation in this theory. We verified our results with known weak coupling expansion in the gauge theory and with the results of semiclassical string calculations. Quite surprisingly at strong coupling the result is given by an explicit rational function of h(λ) to all orders. By comparing the structure of our result with that of an exact localization based calculation for a similar observable in Marino and Putrov [J. High Energy Phys. 06 (2010) 011], we conjecture an exact expression for h(λ).
The Topological Inner Structure of Chern-Simons Tensor Current and the World-Sheet of Strings
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DUAN Yi-Shi; YANG Jie
2005-01-01
@@ Using the decomposition theory of U(1) gauge potential and φ-mapping topological current theory, we investigate the topological inner structure of Chern-Simons tensor current. It is proven that the U(1) Chern-Simons tensor current in four-dimensional manifold is just the topological current of creating the string world-sheets.
Chern-Simons in the Seiberg-Witten map for non-commutative Abelian gauge theories in 4D
Picariello, M; Sorella, S P; Picariello, Marco; Quadri, Andrea; Sorella, Silvio P.
2002-01-01
A cohomological BRST characterization of the Seiberg-Witten (SW) map is given. We prove that the coefficients of the SW map can be identified with elements of the cohomology of the BRST operator modulo a total derivative. As an example, it will be illustrated how the first coefficients of the SW map can be written in terms of the Chern-Simons three form. This suggests a deep topological and geometrical origin of the SW map. The existence of the map for both Abelian and non-Abelian case is discussed. By using a recursive argument and the associativity of the $\\star$-product, we shall be able to prove that the Wess-Zumino consistency condition for non-commutative BRST transformations is fulfilled. The recipe of obtaining an explicit solution by use of the homotopy operator is briefly reviewed in the Abelian case.
Schnitzer, Howard J
2016-01-01
R\\'enyi and entanglement entropies are constructed for 2d q-deformed topological Yang-Mills theories with gauge group $U(N)$, as well as the dual 3d Chern-Simons (CS) theory on Seifert manifolds. When $q=\\exp[2\\pi i/(N+K)]$, and $K$ is odd, the topological R\\'enyi entropy and Wilson line observables of the CS theory can be expressed in terms of the modular transformation matrices of the WZW theory, $\\rm{\\hat{U}(N)}_{K,N(K+N)}$. If both $K$ and $N$ are odd, there is a level-rank duality of the 2d qYM theory and of the associated CS theory, as well as that of the R\\'enyi and entanglement entropies, and Wilson line observables.
Light-front quantization of Chern-Simons systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Light-front quantization of the Chern-Simons theory coupled to complex scalars is performed in the local light-cone gauge following the Dirac procedure. The light-front Hamiltonian turns out to be simple one and the framework may be useful to construct renormalized field theory of anions. The theory is shown to be relativistic in spite of the unconventional transformations of the matter and the gauge field, in the non-covariant gauge adopted, under space rotations. (author). 20 refs
Critical behavior of 2+1 dimensional CPN-1 model with a Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
I investigate the critical behaviour of 2+1 dimensional CPN-1 model with a Chern-Simons term. I derive the 1/N expansion in this model and show that the theory is renormalizable in this framework. The critical exponents η and υ are calculated to the O(1/N). They exhibit θ (coefficient of the Chern-Simons term) dependence. (author). 14 refs, 6 figs
Haggard, Hal M; Kamiński, Wojciech; Riello, Aldo
2014-01-01
We study the expectation value of a nonplanar Wilson graph operator in SL(2,C) Chern-Simons theory on $S^3$. In particular we analyze its asymptotic behaviour in the double-scaling limit in which both the representation labels and the Chern-Simons coupling are taken to be large, but with fixed ratio. When the Wilson graph operator has a specific form, motivated by loop quantum gravity, the critical point equations obtained in this double-scaling limit describe a very specific class of flat connection on the graph complement manifold. We find that flat connections in this class are in correspondence with the geometries of constant curvature 4-simplices. The result is fully non-perturbative from the perspective of the reconstructed geometry. We also show that the asymptotic behavior of the amplitude contains at the leading order an oscillatory part proportional to the Regge action for the single 4-simplex in the presence of a cosmological constant. In particular, the cosmological term contains the full-fledged ...
A Dilogarithmic Formula for the Cheeger-Chern-Simons Class
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dupont, Johan Louis; Zickert, C.K.
2005-01-01
We present a simplification of Neumann's formula in [8] for the universal Cheeger-Chern-Simons class of the second Chern polynomial. Our approach is completely algebraic, and the final formula can be applied directly on a homology class in the bar complex.......We present a simplification of Neumann's formula in [8] for the universal Cheeger-Chern-Simons class of the second Chern polynomial. Our approach is completely algebraic, and the final formula can be applied directly on a homology class in the bar complex....
Chern-Simons Particles with Nonstandard Gravitational Interaction
Lukierski, J.; Stichel, P. C.; Zakrzewski, W. J.
2000-01-01
The model of nonrelativistic particles coupled to nonstandard (2+1)-gravity [1] is extended to include Abelian or non-Abelian charges coupled to Chern-Simons gauge fields. Equivalently, the model may be viewed as describing the (Abelian or non-Abelian) anyonic dynamics of Chern-Simons particles coupled, in a reparametrization invariant way, to a translational Chern-Simons action. The quantum two-body problem is described by a nonstandard Schr\\"{o}dinger equation with a noninteger angular mome...
Optical properties of Chern-Simons systems
Huerta, Luis
2016-05-01
Chern-Simons (CS) systems interacting with electromagnetic radiation are described by a term f FɅF added to the Maxwell action. In (3+1)D, this CS term is a boundary term affecting the system behaviour in its borders. We study the consequences of the above in the properties of electromagnetic radiation, in particular, by considering the interplay between magneto-electric properties and topology. Apart from a modified Kerr polarization rotation, compared to that found for the particular case of topological insulators, we also found two Brewster angles, for s and p polarization of reflected radiation, respectively. Energy distribution between reflected and transmitted radiation is also studied in terms of the magneto-electric properties and topological condition of the system.
Giambelli Identity in Super Chern-Simons Matrix Model
Matsuno, Satsuki
2016-01-01
A classical identity due to Giambelli in representation theory states that the character in any representation is expressed as a determinant whose components are characters in the hook representation constructed from all the combinations of the arm and leg lengths of the original representation. Previously it was shown that the identity persists in taking, for each character, the matrix integration in the super Chern-Simons matrix model in the grand canonical ensemble. We prove here that this Giambelli compatibility still holds in the deformation of the fractional-brane background.
SIM(1)-VSR Maxwell-Chern-Simons electrodynamics
Bufalo, R.
2016-06-01
In this paper we propose a very special relativity (VSR)-inspired generalization of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) electrodynamics. This proposal is based upon the construction of a proper study of the SIM (1)-VSR gauge-symmetry. It is shown that the VSR nonlocal effects present a significant and healthy departure from the usual MCS theory. The classical dynamics is analysed in full detail, by studying the solution for the electric field and static energy for this configuration. Afterwards, the interaction energy between opposite charges is derived and we show that the VSR effects play an important part in obtaining a (novel) finite expression for the static potential.
Self-Dual Chern-Simons Vortices in Higgs Field
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DUAN Yi-Shi; ZHONG Wo-Jun; SI Tie-Yan
2005-01-01
@@ By decomposing the Bogomol'nyi self-dual equation in the Abelian Chern-Simons Higgs model, we find a selfdual topological term that was ignored all the time in the Bogomol'nyi self-duality equation due to the improper decomposition of the complex Higgs field. We also present a new self-dual equation that includes the topological term. It is shown that the self-dual vortex just arises from the symmetric phase of the Higgs field φ = 0. Using our φ-mapping theory, the inner topological structure of the vortex and double vortex is given.
Bosonization of $QED_3$ with an induced Chern - Simons term
Kovner, A
1994-01-01
We extend the bosonization of $2+1$ - dimensional QED with one fermionic flavor performed previously to the case of QED with an induced Chern - Simons term. The coefficient of this term is quantized: $e^2n/8\\pi$, $n\\in {\\bf Z}$. The fermion operators are constructed in terms of the bosonic fields $A_i$ and $E_i$. The construction is similar to that in the $n=0$ case. The resulting bosonic theory is Lorentz invariant in the continuum limit and has Maxwell's equations as its equations of motion. The algebra of bilinears exhibits nontrivial operatorial mixing with lower dimensional operators, which is absent for $n=0$.
On the Boundary Dynamics of Chern-Simons Gravity
Arcioni, Giovanni; Blau, Matthias; O'Loughlin, Martin
2002-01-01
We study Chern-Simons theory with a complex G_C or a real G x G gauge group on a manifold with boundary - this includes Lorentzian and Euclidean (anti-) de Sitter (E/A)dS gravity for G=SU(2) or G=SL(2,R). We show that there is a canonical choice of boundary conditions that leads to an unambiguous, fully covariant and gauge invariant, off-shell derivation of the boundary action - a G_C/G or G WZW model, coupled in a gauge invariant way to the boundary value of the gauge field. In particular, f...
SIM$(1)$--VSR Maxwell-Chern-Simons electrodynamics
Bufalo, R
2016-01-01
In this paper we propose a very special relativity (VSR)-inspired generalization of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) electrodynamics. This proposal is based upon the construction of a proper study of the SIM$(1)$--VSR gauge-symmetry. It is shown that the VSR nonlocal effects present a significant and health departure from the usual MCS theory. The classical dynamics is analysed in full detail, by studying the solution for the electric field and static energy for this configuration. Afterwards, the interaction energy between opposite charges are derived and we show that the VSR effects play an important part in obtaining a (novel) finite expression for the static potential.
Massive gravitational waves in Chern-Simons modified gravity
Myung, Yun Soo; Moon, Taeyoon(Institute of Basic Science and Department of Computer Simulation, Inje University, Gimhae, 621-749, Korea)
2014-01-01
We consider the nondynamical Chern-Simons (nCS) modified gravity, which is regarded as a parity-odd theory of massive gravity in four dimensions. We first find polarization modes of gravitational waves for $\\theta=x/\\mu$ in nCS modified gravity by using the Newman-Penrose formalism where the null complex tetrad is necessary to specify gravitational waves. We show that in the Newman-Penrose formalism, the number of polarization modes is one in addition to an unspecified $\\Psi_4$, implying thre...
Dynamics of magnetic fields in Maxwell, Yang-Mills and Chern-Simons theories on the torus
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The problem of uniform magnetic fields passing perpendicularly through a 2-torus, Abelian and Non-Abelian, is considered. Focus is on dynamical effects of non-integrable phases on the torus at non zero B and from magnetic fields themselves in the vacuum. The spectrum is computed and is shown to be always independent of the non-integrable phases on the torus. It is concluded that a Chern-Simons term will always be induced by radiative corrections to fermions on the torus when B ≠ 0. The special case of an electromagnetically uncharged anyon gas in noted and shown to be a system whose spectrum can depend on the non-integrable phases in the two torus directions, subject to a consistency requirement. In three and four dimensions, dynamical symmetry breaking of non-Abelian fields and associated condensate formation is possible by radiative corrections. The classification on non-Abelian magnetic fields in terms of ''flux integers'' is discussed, and a method for obtaining such integers for an arbitrary gauge algebra is presented. This provides a rigorous generalisation of Hooft's su (2) classification. 72 refs., 5 figs
Extremal Black Holes in Dynamical Chern-Simons Gravity
McNees, Robert; Yunes, Nicolás
2015-01-01
Rapidly rotating black hole solutions in theories beyond general relativity play a key role in experimental gravity, as they allow us to compute observables in extreme spacetimes that deviate from the predictions of general relativity (GR). Such solutions are often difficult to find in beyond-GR theories due to the inclusion of additional fields that couple to the metric non-linearly and non-minimally. In this paper, we consider rotating black hole solutions in one such theory, dynamical Chern-Simons gravity, where the Einstein-Hilbert action is modified by the introduction of a dynamical scalar field that couples to the metric through the Pontryagin density. We treat dynamical Chern-Simons gravity as an effective field theory and thus work in the decoupling limit, where corrections are treated as small perturbations from general relativity. We perturb about the maximally-rotating Kerr solution, the so-called extremal limit, and develop mathematical insight into the analysis techniques needed to construct sol...
Gauge Symmetries and Holographic Anomalies of Chern-Simons and Transgression AdS Gravity
Mora, Pablo
2014-01-01
We review the issue of gauge and gravitational anomalies with backgrounds, maybe offering a new outlook on some aspects of these questions. We compute the holographic anomalies of hypothetical theories dual, in the sense of the AdS-CFT correspondence, to Chern-Simons AdS gravities. Those anomalies are either gauge anomalies associated to the AdS gauge group of the theory or diffeomorphism anomalies, with each kind related to the other. As a result of using suitable action principles por Chern-Simons AdS gravities, coming from Transgression forms, we obtain finite results without the need for further regularization. Our results are of potential interest for Lovelock gravity theories, as it has been shown that the boundary terms dictated by the transgressions for Chern-Simons gravities are also suitable to regularize Lovelock theories. The Wess-Zumino consistency condition ensures that anomalies of the generic form computed here should appear for these and other theories.
Self-Dual Vortices in Chern-Simons Hydrodynamics
Pashaev, O K; Pashaev, Oktay K.; Lee, and Jyh-Hao
2001-01-01
The classical theory of non-relativistic charged particle interacting with U(1) gauge field is reformulated as the Schr\\"odinger wave equation modified by the de-Broglie-Bohm quantum potential nonlinearity. For, (1 - $\\hbar^2$) deformed strength of quantum potential the model is gauge equivalent to the standard Schr\\"odinger equation with Planck constant $\\hbar$, while for the strength (1 + $\\hbar^2$), to the pair of diffusion-anti-diffusion equations. Specifying the gauge field as Abelian Chern-Simons (CS) one in 2+1 dimensions interacting with the Nonlinear Schr\\"odinger field (the Jackiw-Pi model), we represent the theory as a planar Madelung fluid, where the Chern-Simons Gauss law has simple physical meaning of creation the local vorticity for the fluid flow. For the static flow, when velocity of the center-of-mass motion (the classical velocity) is equal to the quantum one (generated by quantum potential velocity of the internal motion), the fluid admits N-vortex solution. Applying the Auberson-Sabatier ...
Hassaine, Mokhtar
2016-01-01
This book grew out of a set of lecture notes on gravitational Chern–Simons (CS) theories developed over the past decade for several schools and different audiences including graduate students and researchers.CS theories are gauge-invariant theories that can include gravity consistently. They are only defined in odd dimensions and represent a very special class of theories in the Lovelock family. Lovelock gravitation theories are the natural extensions of General Relativity for dimensions greater than four that yield second-order field equations for the metric. These theories also admit local supersymmetric extensions where supersymmetry is an off-shell symmetry of the action, as in a standard gauge theory.Apart from the arguments of mathematical elegance and beauty, the gravitational CS actions are exceptionally endowed with physical attributes that suggest the viability of a quantum interpretation. CS theories are gauge-invariant, scale-invariant and background independent; they have no dimensional couplin...
A note on large N thermal free energy in supersymmetric Chern-Simons vector models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yokoyama, Shuichi [Department of Theoretical Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research,Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India)
2014-01-27
We compute the exact effective action for N=3U(N){sub k} and N=4,6U(N){sub k}×U(N′){sub −k} Chern-Simons theories with minimal matter content in the ’t Hooft vector model limit under which N and k go to infinity holding N/k,N′ fixed. We also extend this calculation to N=4,6 mass deformed case. We show that those large N effective actions except mass-deformed N=6 case precisely reduce to that of N=2U(N){sub k} Chern-Simons theory with one fundamental chiral field up to overall multiple factor. By using this result we argue the thermal free energy and self-duality of the N=3,4,6 Chern-Simons theories including the N=4 mass term reduce to those of the N=2 case under the limit.
A note on large N thermal free energy in supersymmetric Chern-Simons vector models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We compute the exact effective action for N=3U(N)k and N=4,6U(N)k×U(N′)−k Chern-Simons theories with minimal matter content in the ’t Hooft vector model limit under which N and k go to infinity holding N/k,N′ fixed. We also extend this calculation to N=4,6 mass deformed case. We show that those large N effective actions except mass-deformed N=6 case precisely reduce to that of N=2U(N)k Chern-Simons theory with one fundamental chiral field up to overall multiple factor. By using this result we argue the thermal free energy and self-duality of the N=3,4,6 Chern-Simons theories including the N=4 mass term reduce to those of the N=2 case under the limit
Chern-Simons modified gravity and closed time-like curves
Porfirio, P J; Nascimento, J R; Petrov, A Yu; Ricardo, J; Santos, A F
2016-01-01
We verify the consistency of the G\\"odel-type solutions within the four-dimensional Chern-Simons modified gravity with the non-dynamical Chern-Simons coefficient, for different forms of matter including dust, fluid, scalar field and electromagnetic field, and the related causality issues. Unlike the general relativity, the vacuum solution turns out to be possible in our theory. Another essentially new result of our theory having no analogue in the general relativity consists in the existence of the hyperbolic causal solutions for the physically well-motivated matter.
Chern-Simons topological Lagrangians in odd dimensions and their Kaluza-Klein reduction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Clarifying the behavior of generic Chern-Simons secondary invariants under infinitesimal variation and finite gauge transformation, it is proved that they are eligible to be a candidate term in the Lagrangian in odd dimensions (2k-1 for gauge theories and 4k-1 for gravity). The coefficients in front of these terms may be quantized because of topological reasons. As a possible application, the dimensional reduction of such actions in Kaluza-Klein theory is discussed. The difficulty in defining the Chern-Simons action for topologically nontrivial field configurations is pointed out and resolved
On the boundary dynamics of Chern-Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study Chern-Simons theory with a complex GC or a real GxG gauge group on a manifold with boundary - this includes lorentzian and euclidean (anti-) de Sitter (E/A)dS gravity for G=SU(2) or G=SL(2,R). We show that there is a canonical choice of boundary conditions that leads to an unambiguous, fully covariant and gauge invariant, off-shell derivation of the boundary action - a GC/G or G WZW model, coupled in a gauge invariant way to the boundary value of the gauge field. In particular, for (E/A)dS gravity, the boundary action is a WZW model with target space (E/A)dS3, reminiscent of a worldsheet for worldsheet mechanism. We discuss in some detail the properties of the boundary theories that arise and we confront our results with various related constructions in the literature. (author)
On the Boundary Dynamics of Chern-Simons Gravity
Arcioni, G; O'Loughlin, M H; Arcioni, Giovanni; Blau, Matthias; Loughlin, Martin O'
2003-01-01
We study Chern-Simons theory with a complex G_C or a real G x G gauge group on a manifold with boundary - this includes Lorentzian and Euclidean (anti-) de Sitter (E/A)dS gravity for G=SU(2) or G=SL(2,R). We show that there is a canonical choice of boundary conditions that leads to an unambiguous, fully covariant and gauge invariant, off-shell derivation of the boundary action - a G_C/G or G WZW model, coupled in a gauge invariant way to the boundary value of the gauge field. In particular, for (E/A)dS gravity, the boundary action is a WZW model with target space (E/A)dS_3, reminiscent of a worldsheet for worldsheet mechanism. We discuss in some detail the properties of the boundary theories that arise and we confront our results with various related constructions in the literature.
Chern-Simons Particles with Nonstandard Gravitational Interaction
Lukierski, J; Zakrzewski, W J
2001-01-01
The model of nonrelativistic particles coupled to nonstandard (2+1)-gravity [1] is extended to include Abelian or non-Abelian charges coupled to Chern-Simons gauge fields. Equivalently, the model may be viewed as describing the (Abelian or non-Abelian) anyonic dynamics of Chern-Simons particles coupled, in a reparametrization invariant way, to a translational Chern-Simons action. The quantum two-body problem is described by a nonstandard Schr\\"{o}dinger equation with a noninteger angular momentum depending on energy as well as particle charges. Some numerical results describing the modification of the energy levels by these charges in the confined regime are presented. The modification involves a shift as well as splitting of the levels.
Chern-Simons particles with nonstandard gravitational interaction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lukierski, J. [Wroclaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics; Dept. de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Valencia, Burjasot (Spain); Stichel, P.C.; Zakrzewski, W.J. [Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom); Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2001-05-01
The model of nonrelativistic particles coupled to nonstandard (2+1)-gravity is extended to include Abelian or non-Abelian charges coupled to Chern-Simons gauge fields. Equivalently, the model may be viewed as describing the (Abelian or non-Abelian) anyonic dynamics of Chern-Simons particles coupled, in a reparameterization invariant way, to a translational Chern-Simons action. The quantum 2-body problem is described by a nonstandard Schroedinger equation with a noninteger angular momentum depending on energy as well as particle charges. Some numerical results describing the modification of the energy levels by these charges in the confined regime are presented. The modification involves a shift as well as splitting of the levels. (orig.)
Chern-Simons particles with nonstandard gravitational interaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The model of nonrelativistic particles coupled to nonstandard (2+1)-gravity is extended to include Abelian or non-Abelian charges coupled to Chern-Simons gauge fields. Equivalently, the model may be viewed as describing the (Abelian or non-Abelian) anyonic dynamics of Chern-Simons particles coupled, in a reparameterization invariant way, to a translational Chern-Simons action. The quantum 2-body problem is described by a nonstandard Schroedinger equation with a noninteger angular momentum depending on energy as well as particle charges. Some numerical results describing the modification of the energy levels by these charges in the confined regime are presented. The modification involves a shift as well as splitting of the levels. (orig.)
Triad representation of the Chern-Simons state in quantum gravity
Paternoga, R; Paternoga, Robert; Graham, Robert
2000-01-01
We investigate a triad representation of the Chern-Simons state of quantum gravity with a non-vanishing cosmological constant. It is shown that the Chern-Simons state, which is a well-known exact wavefunctional within the Ashtekar theory, can be transformed to the real triad representation by means of a suitably generalized Fourier transformation, yielding a complex integral representation for the corresponding state in the triad variables. It is found that topologically inequivalent choices for the complex integration contour give rise to linearly independent wavefunctionals in the triad representation, which all arise from the one Chern-Simons state in the Ashtekar variables. For a suitable choice of the normalization factor, these states turn out to be gauge-invariant under arbitrary, even topologically non-trivial gauge-transformations. Explicit analytical expressions for the wavefunctionals in the triad representation can be obtained in several interesting asymptotic parameter regimes, and the associated...
2D Gravity on $AdS_2$ with Chern-Simons Corrections
Alishahiha, Mohsen; Mosaffa, Amir E
2009-01-01
We study 2D Maxwell-dilaton gravity with higher order corrections given by the Chern-Simons term. The model admits three distinctive $AdS_2$ vacuum solutions. By making use of the entropy function formalism we find the entropy of the solutions which is corrected due to the presence of the Chern-Simons term. We observe that the form of the correction depends not only on the coefficient of the Chern-Simons term, but also on the sign of the electric charge; pointing toward the chiral nature of the dual CFT. Using the asymptotic symmetry of the theory as well as requiring a consistent picture we can find the central charge and the level of U(1) current. Upon uplifting the solutions to three dimensions we get purely geometric solutions which will be either $AdS_3$ or warped $AdS_3$ with an identification.
Gravitational signature of Schwarzschild black holes in dynamical Chern-Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dynamical Chern-Simons gravity is an extension of general relativity in which the gravitational field is coupled to a scalar field through a parity-violating Chern-Simons term. In this framework, we study perturbations of spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes, assuming that the background scalar field vanishes. Our results suggest that these spacetimes are stable, and small perturbations die away as a ringdown. However, in contrast to standard general relativity, the gravitational waveforms are also driven by the scalar field. Thus, the gravitational oscillation modes of black holes carry imprints of the coupling to the scalar field. This is a smoking gun for Chern-Simons theory and could be tested with gravitational-wave detectors, such as LIGO or LISA. For negative values of the coupling constant, ghosts are known to arise, and we explicitly verify their appearance numerically. Our results are validated using both time evolution and frequency domain methods.
AdS Chern-Simons gravity induces conformal gravity
Aros, Rodrigo; Díaz, Danilo E.
2014-04-01
The leitmotif of this paper is the question of whether four- and higher even-dimensional conformal gravities do have a Chern-Simons pedigree. We show that Weyl gravity can be obtained as the dimensional reduction of a five-dimensional Chern-Simons action for a suitable (gauge-fixed, tractorlike) five-dimensional anti-de Sitter connection. The gauge-fixing and dimensional reduction program readily admits a generalization to higher dimensions for the case of certain conformal gravities obtained by contractions of the Weyl tensor.
AdS Chern-Simons Gravity induces Conformal Gravity
Aros, Rodrigo
2013-01-01
The leitmotif of this paper is the question of whether four- and higher even-dimensional Conformal Gravities do have a Chern-Simons pedigree. We show that Weyl gravity can be obtained as dimensional reduction of a five-dimensional Chern-Simons action for a suitable (gauged-fixed, tractor-like) five-dimensional AdS connection. The gauge-fixing and dimensional reduction program admits a readily generalization to higher dimensions for the case of certain conformal gravities obtained by contractions of the Weyl tensor.
Massive gravitational waves in Chern-Simons modified gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider the nondynamical Chern-Simons (nCS) modified gravity, which is regarded as a parity-odd theory of massive gravity in four dimensions. We first find polarization modes of gravitational waves for θ=x/μ in nCS modified gravity by using the Newman-Penrose formalism where the null complex tetrad is necessary to specify gravitational waves. We show that in the Newman–Penrose formalism, the number of polarization modes is one in addition to an unspecified Ψ4, implying three degrees of freedom for θ=x/μ. This compares with two for a canonical embedding of θ=t/μ. Also, if one introduces the Ricci tensor formalism to describe a massive graviton arising from the nCS modified gravity, one finds one massive mode after making second-order wave equations, which is compared to five found from the parity-even Einstein–Weyl gravity
Resolution of Chern--Simons--Higgs Vortex Equations
Han, Xiaosen; Yang, Yisong
2015-01-01
It is well known that the presence of multiple constraints of non-Abelian relativisitic Chern--Simons--Higgs vortex equations makes it difficult to develop an existence theory when the underlying Cartan matrix $K$ of the equations is that of a general simple Lie algebra and the strongest result in the literature so far is when the Cartan subalgebra is of dimension 2. In this paper we overcome this difficulty by implicitly resolving the multiple constraints using a degree-theorem argument, utilizing a key positivity property of the inverse of the Cartan matrix deduced in an earlier work of Lusztig and Tits, which enables a process that converts the equality constraints to inequality constraints in the variational formalism. Thus this work establishes a general existence theorem which settles a long-standing open problem in the field regarding the general solvability of the equations.
Resolution of Chern-Simons-Higgs Vortex Equations
Han, Xiaosen; Lin, Chang-Shou; Yang, Yisong
2016-04-01
It is well known that the presence of multiple constraints of non-Abelian relativisitic Chern-Simons-Higgs vortex equations makes it difficult to develop an existence theory when the underlying Cartan matrix K of the equations is that of a general simple Lie algebra and the strongest result in the literature so far is when the Cartan subalgebra is of dimension 2. In this paper we overcome this difficulty by implicitly resolving the multiple constraints using a degree-theorem argument, utilizing a key positivity property of the inverse of the Cartan matrix deduced in an earlier work of Lusztig and Tits, which enables a process that converts the equality constraints to inequality constraints in the variational formalism. Thus this work establishes a general existence theorem that settles a long-standing open problem in the field regarding the general solvability of the equations.
A note on large N thermal free energy in supersymmetric Chern-Simons vector models
Shuichi Yokoyama
2014-01-01
We compute the exact effective action for $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 3 U( N ) k and $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 4, 6 U( N ) k × U( N ′) − k Chern-Simons theories with minimal matter content in the ’t Hooft vector model limit under which N and k go to infinity holding N/k,N ′ fixed. We also extend this calculation to $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 4, 6 mass deformed case. We show that those large N effective actions except mass-deformed $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 6 case precisely reduce to that of $ \\mathcal{N} $ = 2 U( N ) k Chern-S...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张龙; 翁征宇
2015-01-01
The fermion sign plays a dominant role in Fermi liquid theory. However, in Mott insulators, the strong Coulomb interaction suppresses the charge fluctuations and eliminates the fermion signs due to electron permutation. In this article, we first review the phase string theory of the Hubbard model for a bipartite lattice, which unifies the Fermi liquid at weak coupling and the antiferromagnetic Mott insulator at strong coupling. We first derive the exact sign structure of the Hubbard model for an arbitrary Coulomb interaction U . In small U limit, the conventional fermion sign is restored, while at large U limit, it leads to the phase string sign structure of the t-J model. For half filling, we construct an electron fractionalization representation, in which chargons and spinons are coupled to each other via emergent mutual Chern-Simons gauge fields. The corresponding ground state ansatz and low energy effective theory capture the ground state phase diagram of the Hubbard model qualitatively. For weak coupling regime, the Fermi liquid quasiparticle is formed by the bound state of a chargon and a spinon, and the long range phase coherence is determined by the background spin correlation. The Mott transition can be realized either by forming the chargon gap or by condensing the background spinons.
Lorentz and PCT Violating Chern-Simons Term in the Derivative Expansion of QED
Chung, J M; Oh, Phillial
1999-01-01
We calculate by the method of dimensional regularization and derivative expansion the one-loop effective action for a Dirac fermion with a Lorentz-violating and PCT-odd kinetic term in the background of a gauge field. We show that this term induces a Chern-Simons modification to Maxwell theory. Some related issues are also discussed.
A first-class approach of higher derivative Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Proca model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sararu, Silviu-Constantin [University of Craiova, Department of Physics, Craiova (Romania)
2015-11-15
The equivalence between a higher derivative extension of Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Proca model and some gauge invariant theories from the point of view of the Hamiltonian path integral quantization in the framework of the gauge-unfixing approach is investigated. The Hamiltonian path integrals of the first-class systems take manifestly Lorentz-covariant forms. (orig.)
The Secret Chern-Simons Action for the Hot Gluon Plasma
Efraty, R.; Nair, V. P.
1992-01-01
We show that the generating functional for hard thermal loops with external gluons in QCD is essentially given by the eikonal for a Chern-Simons gauge theory. This action, determined essentially by gauge invariance arguments, also gives an efficient way of obtaining the hard thermal loop contributions without the more involved calculation of Feynman diagrams.
Duality between Noncommutative Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons and Non-Abelian Self-Dual Models
Cantcheff, M B; Minces, Pablo
2003-01-01
By introducing an appropriate parent action and considering a perturbative approach, we establish, up to fourth order terms in the field and for the full range of the coupling constant, the equivalence between the noncommutative Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory and the noncommutative, non-Abelian Self-Dual model.
Energy-momentum conservation laws in higher-dimensional Chern-Simons models
Sardanashvily, G.
2003-01-01
Though a Chern-Simons (2k-1)-form is not gauge-invariant and it depends on a background connection, this form seen as a Lagrangian of gauge theory on a (2k-1)-dimensional manifold leads to the energy-momentum conservation law.
Parametrized Post-Newtonian Expansion of Chern-Simons Gravity
Alexander, Stephon
2007-01-01
We investigate the weak-field, post-Newtonian expansion to the solution of the field equations in Chern-Simons gravity with a perfect fluid source. In particular, we study the mapping of this solution to the parameterized post-Newtonian formalism to 1 PN order in the metric. We find that the PPN parameters of Chern-Simons gravity are identical to those of general relativity, with the exception of the inclusion of a new term that is proportional to the Chern-Simons coupling parameter and the curl of the PPN vector potentials. We also find that the new term is naturally enhanced by the non-linearity of spacetime and we provide a physical interpretation for it. By mapping this correction to the gravito-electro-magnetic framework, we study the corrections that this new term introduces to the acceleration of point particles and the frame-dragging effect in gyroscopic precession. We find that the Chern-Simons correction to these classical predictions could be used by current and future experiments to place bounds o...
Stellar equilibrium in Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity
Quinzacara, Cristian
2016-01-01
We consider a spherically symmetric internal solution within the context of Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity and derive a generalized five-dimensional Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff (TOV) equation. It is shown that the generalized TOV equation leads, in a certain limit, to the standard five-dimensional TOV equation
Euler Chern Simons Gravity from Lovelock Born Infeld Gravity
Izaurieta, Fernando; Rodriguez, Eduardo; Salgado, Patricio
2004-01-01
In the context of a gauge theoretical formulation, higher dimensional gravity invariant under the AdS group is dimensionally reduced to Euler-Chern-Simons gravity. The dimensional reduction procedure of Grignani-Nardelli [Phys. Lett. B 300, 38 (1993)] is generalized so as to permit reducing D-dimensional Lanczos Lovelock gravity to d=D-1 dimensions.
Generalised Chern-Simons actions for 3d gravity and κ-Poincare symmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider Chern-Simons theories for the Poincare, de Sitter and anti-de Sitter groups in three dimensions which generalise the Chern-Simons formulation of 3d gravity. We determine conditions under which κ-Poincare symmetry and its de Sitter and anti-de Sitter analogues can be associated to these theories as quantised symmetries. Assuming the usual form of those symmetries, with a timelike vector as deformation parameter, we find that such an association is possible only in the de Sitter case, and that the associated Chern-Simons action is not the gravitational one. Although the resulting theory and 3d gravity have the same equations of motion for the gauge field, they are not equivalent, even classically, since they differ in their symplectic structure and the coupling to matter. We deduce that κ-Poincare symmetry is not associated to either classical or quantum gravity in three dimensions. Starting from the (non-gravitational) Chern-Simons action we explain how to construct a multi-particle model which is invariant under the classical analogue of κ-de Sitter symmetry, and carry out the first steps in that construction
Action Principles for Transgression and Chern-Simons AdS Gravities
Mora, Pablo
2014-01-01
Chern-Simons gravities are theories with a lagrangian given by a Chern-Simons form constructed from a space-time gauge group. In previous investigations we showed that, for some special field configurations that are solutions of the field equations, the extension from Chern-Simons to Transgression forms as lagrangians, motivated by gauge invariance, automatically yields the boundary terms required to regularize the theory, giving finite conserved charges and black hole thermodynamics. Further work by other researchers showed that one of the action functionals considered in the above mentioned work yields a well defined action principle in the metric (zero torsion) case and for asymptotically Anti de Sitter (AdS) space-times. In the present work we consider several action functionals for Chern-Simons AdS gravity constructed from Transgression forms, and show the action principles to be well defined and the Noether charges and Euclidean action to be finite for field configurations satisfying only that the gauge...
Angular Momentum Generation from Holographic Gravitational Chern-Simons Model
Wu, Chaolun
2014-01-01
We study parity-violating effects, particularly the generation of angular momentum density and its relation to the parity-odd and dissipationless transport coefficient Hall viscosity, in strongly-coupled quantum fluid systems in 2+1 dimensions using holographic method. We employ a (3+1)-dimensional holographic model of Einstein-Maxwell system with a gravitational Chern-Simons term coupled to a dynamical scalar field. The scalar can condensate and this breaks the parity spontaneously. We find that when the scalar condensates, a non-vanishing angular momentum density and an associated edge current are generated by the gravitational Chern-Simons term, together with the emergence of Hall viscosity. Both angular momentum density and Hall viscosity acquire membrane paradigm forms and are only determined by the geometry and condensate near the horizon. We present both general analytic results and numeric results which take back-reactions into account. The ratio between Hall viscosity and angular momentum density is ...
Chern-Simons Couplings and Inequivalent Vector-Tensor Multiplets
Claus, P; Faux, M; Termonia, P
1996-01-01
The off-shell vector-tensor multiplet is considered in an arbitrary background of N=2 vector supermultiplets. We establish the existence of two inequivalent versions, characterized by different Chern-Simons couplings. In one version the vector field of the vector-tensor multiplet is contained quadratically in the Chern-Simons term, which implies nonlinear terms in the supersymmetry transformations and equations of motion. In the second version, which requires a background of at least two abelian vector supermultiplets, the supersymmetry transformations remain at most linear in the vector-tensor components. This version is of the type known to arise from reduction of tensor supermultiplets in six dimensions. Our work applies to any number of vector-tensor multiplets.
Two gravitationally Chern-Simons terms are too many
Aragone, C; Khoudeir, A; Arias, Pio J.
1993-01-01
It is shown that topological massive gravity augmented by the triadic gravitational Chern-Simons first order term is a curved a pure spin-2 action. This model contains two massive spin-2 excitations. However, since its light-front energy is not semidefinite positive, this double CS-action does not have any physical relevance.In other words, topological massive gravity cannot be spontaneously broken down by the presence of the triadic CS term.
Translational Chern--Simons Action and New Planar Particle Dynamics
Lukierski, J.; Stichel, P. C.; Zakrzewski, W. J.
2000-01-01
We consider a nonstandard $D=2+1$ gravity described by a translational Chern--Simons action, and couple it to the nonrelativistic point particles. We fix the asymptotic coordinate transformations in such a way that the space part of the metric becomes asymptotically Euclidean. The residual symmetries are (local in time) translations and rigid rotations. The phase space Hamiltonian $H$ describing two-body interactions satisfies a nonlinear equation $H={\\cal H}(\\vec{x},\\vec{p};H)$ what implies,...
Edge Currents and Vertex Operators for Chern-Simons Gravity
Bimonte, G; Stern, A
1993-01-01
We apply elementary canonical methods for the quantization of 2+1 dimensional gravity, where the dynamics is given by E. Witten's $ISO(2,1)$ Chern-Simons action. As in a previous work, our approach does not involve choice of gauge or clever manipulations of functional integrals. Instead, we just require the Gauss law constraint for gravity to be first class and also to be everywhere differentiable. When the spatial slice is a disc, the gravitational fields can either be unconstrained or constrained at the boundary of the disc. The unconstrained fields correspond to edge currents which carry a representation of the $ISO(2,1)$ Kac-Moody algebra. Unitary representations for such an algebra have been found using the method of induced representations. In the case of constrained fields, we can classify all possible boundary conditions. For several different boundary conditions, the field content of the theory reduces precisely to that of 1+1 dimensional gravity theories. We extend the above formalism to include sou...
Standard general relativity from Chern-Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chern-Simons models for gravity are interesting because they provide a truly gauge-invariant action principle in the fiber-bundle sense. So far, their main drawback has largely been its perceived remoteness from standard General Relativity, based on the presence of higher powers of the curvature in the Lagrangian (except, remarkably, for three-dimensional spacetime). Here we report on a simple model that suggests a mechanism by which standard General Relativity in five-dimensional spacetime may indeed emerge at a special critical point in the space of couplings, where additional degrees of freedom and corresponding 'anomalous' Gauss-Bonnet constraints drop out from the Chern-Simons action. To achieve this goal, both the Lie algebra g and the symmetric g-invariant tensor that define the Chern-Simons Lagrangian are constructed by means of the Lie algebra S-expansion method with a suitable finite Abelian semigroup S. The results are generalized to arbitrary odd dimensions, and the possible extension to the case of eleven-dimensional supergravity is briefly discussed.
Fractional angular momentum in noncommutative generalized Chern-Simons quantum mechanics
Zhang, Xi-Lun; Sun, Yong-Li; Wang, Qing; Long, Zheng-Wen; Jing, Jian
2016-07-01
The noncommutative generalized Chern-Simons quantum mechanics, i.e., the Chern-Simons quantum mechanics on the noncommutative plane in the presence of Aharonov-Bohm magnetic vector potentials, is studied in this paper. We focus our attention on the canonical orbital angular momentum and show that there are two different approaches to produce the fractional angular momentum in the noncommutative generalized Chern-Simons quantum mechanics.
Scattering Amplitude and Bosonization Duality in General Chern-Simons Vector Models
Yokoyama, Shuichi
2016-01-01
We present exact large N calculus of four point function in general Chern-Simons bosonic and fermionic vector models. Applying the LSZ formula to the four point function we determine two body scattering amplitudes in these theories combined with a special care for a non-analytic term to achieve unitarity in the singlet channel. We show that the S-matrix enjoys the bosonization duality, usual crossing relation and admits non-relativistic reduction to Aharonov-Bohm scattering. We also argue that the S-matrix develops a pole in a certain range of coupling constants, which disappears in the range where the theory reduces to Chern-Simons theory with free fermions.
The Chern-Simons one-form and gravity on a fuzzy space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The one-dimensional NxN-matrix Chern-Simons action is given, for large N and for slowly varying fields, by the (2k+1)-dimensional Chern-Simons action SCS, where the gauge fields in SCS parametrize the different ways in which the large N limit can be taken. Since some of these gauge fields correspond to the isometries of the space, we argue that gravity on fuzzy spaces can be described by the one-dimensional matrix Chern-Simons action at finite N and by the higher dimensional Chern-Simons action when the fuzzy space is approximated by a continuous manifold
Left-right asymmetric holographic RG flow with gravitational Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider the holographic renormalization group (RG) flow in three-dimensional gravity with the gravitational Chern-Simons term coupled to some scalar fields. We apply the canonical approach to this higher derivative case and employ the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism to analyze the flow equations of two-dimensional field theory. Especially we obtain flow equations of Weyl and gravitational anomalies, and derive c-functions for left and right moving modes. Both of them are monotonically non-increasing along the flow, and the difference between them is determined by the coefficient of the gravitational Chern-Simons term. This is completely consistent with the Zamolodchikov's c-theorem for parity-violating two-dimensional quantum field theories.
Chern-Simons dilaton black holes in 2+1 dimensions
Moussa, Karim Ait; Guennoune, Hakim
2015-01-01
We construct rotating magnetic solutions to the three-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons-dilaton theory with a Liouville potential. These include a class of black hole solutions which generalize the warped AdS black holes. The regular black holes belong to two disjoint sectors. The first sector includes black holes which have a positive mass and are co-rotating, while the black holes of the second sector have a negative mass and are counter-rotating. We also show that a particular, non-black hole, subfamily of our three-dimensional solutions may be uplifted to new regular non-asymptotically flat solutions of five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory.
Knot Invariants and M-Theory I: Hitchin Equations, Chern-Simons Actions, and the Surface Operators
Dasgupta, Keshav; Ramadevi, P; Tatar, Radu
2016-01-01
Recently Witten introduced a type IIB brane construction with certain boundary conditions to study knot invariants and Khovanov homology. The essential ingredients used in his work are the topologically twisted N = 4 Yang-Mills theory, localization equations and surface operators. In this paper we extend his construction in two possible ways. On one hand we show that a slight modification of Witten's brane construction could lead, using certain well defined duality transformations, to the model used by Ooguri-Vafa to study knot invariants using gravity duals. On the other hand, we argue that both these constructions, of Witten and of Ooguri-Vafa, lead to two different seven-dimensional manifolds in M-theory from where the topological theories may appear from certain twisting of the G-flux action. The non-abelian nature of the topological action may also be studied if we take the wrapped M2-brane states in the theory. We discuss explicit constructions of the seven-dimensional manifolds in M-theory, and show th...
Notes on Planar Resolvents of Chern-Simons-matter Matrix Models
Suyama, Takao
2016-01-01
We revisit planar resolvents of matrix models corresponding to ${\\cal N}\\ge3$ Chern-Simons-matter theories with the gauge groups of the form ${\\rm U}(N_1)\\times{\\rm U}(N_2)$ coupled to any number of bi-fundamental hypermultiplets. We find that the derivative of a suitably defined planar resolvent can be written explicitly. From this resolvent, we derive the explicit formula for (a linear combination of) the vevs of BPS Wilson loops.
Extensions of the Duflo map and Chern-Simons expectation values
Sahlmann, Hanno
2015-01-01
The Duflo map is a valuable tool for operator ordering in contexts in which Kirillov-Kostant brackets and their quantizations play a role. A priori, the Duflo map is only defined on the subspace of the symmetric algebra over a Lie algebra consisting of elements invariant under the adjoint action. Here we discuss extensions to the whole symmetric algebra, as well as their application to the calculation of Chern-Simons theory expectation values.
Perturbative evaluation of circular 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in N = 6 Super Chern-Simons theories
Griguolo, Luca; Poggi, Matteo; Seminara, Domenico
2013-01-01
We present a complete two-loop analysis of the quantum expectation value for circular BPS Wilson loops in ABJ(M) theories. We examine in details the 1/2 BPS case, that requires non-trivial fermionic couplings with the contour, finding perfect agreement with the exact matrix model answer at zero framing. The result is obtained through a careful application of DRED regularization scheme, combined with a judicious rearrangement of the relevant perturbative contributions that reduces the computation to simple integrals. We carefully analyze the contribution of fermions that is crucial for the consistency with the localization procedure and point out the arising of pivotal evanescent terms, discussing their meaning in relation to Ward identities.
Self-Dual Chern-Simons Solitons in (2+1)-Dimensional Einstein Gravity
Cangemi, D; Cangemi, Daniel; Lee, Choonkyu
1992-01-01
We consider here a generalization of the Abelian Higgs model in curved space, by adding a Chern--Simons term. The static equations are self-dual provided we choose a suitable potential. The solutions give a self-dual Maxwell--Chern--Simons soliton that possesses a mass and a spin.
New Chern-Simons densities in both odd and even dimensions
Radu, Eugen; Tchrakian, Tigran
2011-01-01
After reviewing briefly the dimensional reduction of Chern--Pontryagin densities, we define new Chern--Simons densities expressed in terms of Yang-Mills and Higgs fields. These are defined in all dimensions, including in even dimensional spacetimes. They are constructed by subjecting the dimensionally reduced Chern--Pontryagin densites to further descent by two steps.
Dirichlet boundary-value problem for Chern-Simons modified gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chern-Simons modified gravity comprises the Einstein-Hilbert action and a higher-derivative interaction containing the Chern-Pontryagin density. We derive the analog of the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term required to render the Dirichlet boundary-value problem well defined. It turns out to be a boundary Chern-Simons action for the extrinsic curvature. We address applications to black hole thermodynamics.
Bound states in the (2+1)D scalar electrodynamics with Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This work studies the existence of bound states for the 3-dimensions scalar electrodynamics, with the Chern-Simons. Quantum field theory is used for calculation of the Mfi scattering matrices, in the non-relativistic approximation. The field propagators responsible for the interaction in the scattering processes have been calculated, and scattering matrices have been constructed. After obtaining the scattering matrix, the cross section in the quantum field theory has been compared with the quantum mechanic cross section in the Born approximation, allowing to obtain the form of the potential responsible for the interactions in the scattering processes. The possibility of bound states are analyzed by using the Schroedinger equation
Gravitational waves from quasicircular black-hole binaries in dynamical Chern-Simons gravity.
Yagi, Kent; Yunes, Nicolás; Tanaka, Takahiro
2012-12-21
Dynamical Chern-Simons gravity cannot be strongly constrained with current experiments because it reduces to general relativity in the weak-field limit. This theory, however, introduces modifications in the nonlinear, dynamical regime, and thus it could be greatly constrained with gravitational waves from the late inspiral of black-hole binaries. We complete the first self-consistent calculation of such gravitational waves in this theory. For favorable spin orientations, advanced ground-based detectors may improve existing solar system constraints by 6 orders of magnitude. PMID:23368447
Membrane paradigm of black holes in Chern-Simons modified gravity
Zhao, Tian-Yi
2015-01-01
The membrane paradigm of black hole is studied in the Chern-Simons modified gravity. Derived with the action principle a la Parikh-Wilczek, the stress tensor of membrane manifests a rich structure arising from the Chern-Simons term. The membrane stress tensor, if related to the bulk stress tensor in a special form, obeys the low-dimensional fluid continuity equation and the Navier-Stokes equation. This paradigm is applied to spherically symmetric static geometries, and in particular, the Schwarzschild black hole, which is a solution of a large class of dynamical Chern-Simons gravity.
Membrane paradigm of black holes in Chern-Simons modified gravity
Zhao, Tian-Yi; Wang, Towe
2016-06-01
The membrane paradigm of black hole is studied in the Chern-Simons modified gravity. Derived with the action principle a la Parikh-Wilczek, the stress tensor of membrane manifests a rich structure arising from the Chern-Simons term. The membrane stress tensor, if related to the bulk stress tensor in a special form, obeys the low-dimensional fluid continuity equation and the Navier-Stokes equation. This paradigm is applied to spherically symmetric static geometries, and in particular, the Schwarzschild black hole, which is a solution of a large class of dynamical Chern-Simons gravity.
Gravitational Chern-Simons Lagrangian terms and spherically symmetric spacetimes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We show that for general spherically symmetric configurations, contributions of broad class of gravitational and mixed gauge-gravitational Chern-Simons (CS) terms to the equations of motion vanish identically in D > 3 dimensions. This implies that such terms in the action do not affect Birkhoff's theorem or any previously known spherically symmetric solutions. Furthermore, we investigate the thermodynamical properties using the procedure described in an accompanying paper. We find that in the D > 3 static spherically symmetric case, CS terms do not contribute to the entropy either. Moreover, if one requires only for the metric tensor to be spherically symmetric, letting other fields be unrestricted, the results extend almost completely, with only one possible exception-CS Lagrangian terms in which the gravitational part is just the n = 2 irreducible gravitational CS term.
Static solutions in Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity
Crisóstomo, J.; Gomez, F.; Mella, P.; Quinzacara, C.; Salgado, P.
2016-06-01
In this paper we study static solutions with more general symmetries than the spherical symmetry of the five-dimensional Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity. In this context, we study the coupling of the extra bosonic field ha with ordinary matter which is quantified by the introduction of an energy-momentum tensor field associated with ha. It is found that exist (i) a negative tangential pressure zone around low-mass distributions (μ < μ1) when the coupling constant α is greater than zero; (ii) a maximum in the tangential pressure, which can be observed in the outer region of a field distribution that satisfies μ < μ2 (iii) solutions that behave like those obtained from models with negative cosmological constant. In such a situation, the field ha plays the role of a cosmological constant.
Static solutions in Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity
Crisóstomo, Juan; Quinzacara, Cristian; Salgado, Patricio
2016-01-01
In this paper we study static solutions with more general symmetries than the spherical symmetry of the so called Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity. In this context, we study the coupling of the extra bosonic field $h^a$ with ordinary matter which is quantified by the introduction of an energy-momentum tensor field associated with $h^a$ . It is found that exist (i) a negative tangential pressure zone around low-mass distributions ($\\mu < \\mu_1$) when the coupling constant $\\alpha$ is greater than zero; (ii) a maximum in the tangential pressure, which can be observed in the outer region of a field distribution that satisfies $\\mu < \\mu_2$ ; (iii) solutions that behave like those obtained from models with negative cosmological constant. In such a situation, the field $h^a$ plays the role of a cosmological constant.
Translational Chern-Simons Action and New Planar Particle Dynamics
Lukierski, J; Zakrzewski, W J
2000-01-01
We consider a nonstandard $D=2+1$ gravity described by a translational Chern--Simons action, and couple it to the nonrelativistic point particles. We fix the asymptotic coordinate transformations in such a way that the space part of the metric becomes asymptotically Euclidean. The residual symmetries are (local in time) translations and rigid rotations. The phase space Hamiltonian $H$ describing two-body interactions satisfies a nonlinear equation $H={\\cal H}(\\vec{x},\\vec{p};H)$ what implies, after quantization, a nonstandard form of the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation with energy-dependent fractional angular momentum eigenvalues. Quantum solutions of the two-body problem are discussed. The bound states with discrete energy levels correspond to a confined classical motion (for the planar distance between two particles $r\\leq r_0$) and the scattering states with continuous energy correspond to classical motion for $r>r_0$.
Ricci dark energy in Chern-Simons modified gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Full text: Currently the accelerated expansion of the universe has been strongly confirmed by some independent experiments such as the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). In an attempt to explain this phenomenon there are two possible paths; first option - propose corrections to general relativity, second option - assuming that there is a dominant component of the universe, a kind of antigravity called dark energy. Any way that we intend to follow, there are numerous models that attempt to explain this effect. One of the models of modified gravity that has stood out in recent years is the Chern-Simons modified gravity. This modification consists in the addition of the Pontryagin density, which displays violation of parity symmetry in Einstein-Hilbert action. From among the various models proposed for dark energy there are some that are based on the holographic principle, known as holographic dark energy. Such models are based on the idea that the energy density of a given system is proportional to the inverse square of some characteristic length of the system. From these studies, here we consider the model proposed by Gao et. al., a model of dark energy where the characteristic length is given by the average radius of the Ricci scalar. Thus, the dark energy density is proportional to the Ricci scalar, i.e., ρx ∝ R. It is a phenomenologically viable model and displays results similar to that presented by the cosmological model ACDM. In this work, we have considered the Ricci dark energy model in the dynamic Chern-Simons modified gravity. We show that in this context the evolution of the scale factor is similar to that displayed by the modified Chaplygin gas. (author)
Ricci dark energy in Chern-Simons modified gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Silva, J.G.; Santos, A.F. [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Campo Grande, MT (Brazil)
2013-07-01
Full text: Currently the accelerated expansion of the universe has been strongly confirmed by some independent experiments such as the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). In an attempt to explain this phenomenon there are two possible paths; first option - propose corrections to general relativity, second option - assuming that there is a dominant component of the universe, a kind of antigravity called dark energy. Any way that we intend to follow, there are numerous models that attempt to explain this effect. One of the models of modified gravity that has stood out in recent years is the Chern-Simons modified gravity. This modification consists in the addition of the Pontryagin density, which displays violation of parity symmetry in Einstein-Hilbert action. From among the various models proposed for dark energy there are some that are based on the holographic principle, known as holographic dark energy. Such models are based on the idea that the energy density of a given system is proportional to the inverse square of some characteristic length of the system. From these studies, here we consider the model proposed by Gao et. al., a model of dark energy where the characteristic length is given by the average radius of the Ricci scalar. Thus, the dark energy density is proportional to the Ricci scalar, i.e., ρ{sub x} ∝ R. It is a phenomenologically viable model and displays results similar to that presented by the cosmological model ACDM. In this work, we have considered the Ricci dark energy model in the dynamic Chern-Simons modified gravity. We show that in this context the evolution of the scale factor is similar to that displayed by the modified Chaplygin gas. (author)
A New Look at Chern-Simons on Circle Bundles I: The Caloron Correspondence
Mickler, Ryan
2015-01-01
We consider Chern-Simons theory on 3-manifold $M$ that is the total space of a circle bundle over a 2d base $\\Sigma$. We show that this theory is equivalent to a new 2d TQFT on the base, which we call Caloron BF theory, that can be obtained by an appropriate type of push-forward. This is a gauge theory on a bundle with structure group given by the full affine level $k$ central extension of the loop group $LG$. The space of fields of this 2d theory is naturally symplectic, and this provides a new formulation of a result of Beasley-Witten about the equivariant localization of the Chern-Simons path integral. The main tool that we employ is the Caloron correspondence, originally due to Murray-Garland, that relates the space of gauge fields on $M$ with a certain enlarged space of connections on an equivariant version of the loop space of the $G$-bundle. We show that the symplectic structure that Beasley-Witten found is related to a looped version of the Atiyah-Bott construction in 2-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. ...
Light-Front Dynamics Of Massive Vector Chern-Simons Gravity
Aragone, C; Khoudeir, A
1993-01-01
We present a second order gravity action which consists of ordinary Einstein action augmented by a first-order, vector like, Chern-Simons quasi topological term. This theory is ghost-free and propagates a pure spin-2 mode. It is diffeomorphism invariant, although its local Lorentz invariance has been spontaneuosly broken. We perform the light-front (LF) analysis for both the linearized system and the exact curved model. In constrast to the 2+1 canonical analysis, in the quasi LF coordinates the differential constraints can be solved. Its solution is presented here.
Quadratic gravity in (2+1)D with a topological Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Three-dimensional quadratic gravity, unlike general relativity in (2+1)D, is dynamically nontrivial and has a well behaved nonrelativistic potential. Here we analyse the changes that occur when a topological Chern-Simons term is added to this theory. It is found that the harmless massive scalar mode of the latter gives rise to a troublesome massive spin-0 ghost, while the massive spin-2 ghost is replaced by two massive physical particles both of spin 2. We also found that light deflection does not have the 'wrong sign' such as in the framework of three-dimensional quadratic gravity. (author)
New post-Newtonian parameter to test Chern-Simons gravity.
Alexander, Stephon; Yunes, Nicolas
2007-12-14
We study Chern-Simons (CS) gravity in the parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) framework through a weak-field solution of the modified field equations. We find that CS gravity possesses the same PPN parameters as general relativity, except for the inclusion of a new term, proportional to the CS coupling and the curl of the PPN vector potential. This new term leads to a modification of frame dragging and gyroscopic precession and we provide an estimate of its size. This correction might be used in experiments, such as Gravity Probe B, to bound CS gravity and test string theory. PMID:18233434
Scattering Amplitude and Bosonization Duality in General Chern-Simons Vector Models
Yokoyama, Shuichi
2016-01-01
We present exact large N calculus of four point function in general Chern-Simons bosonic and fermionic vector models. Applying the LSZ formula to the four point function we determine two body scattering amplitudes in these theories taking a special care for a non-analytic term to achieve unitarity in the singlet channel. We show that the S-matrix enjoys the bosonization duality, unusual crossing relation and non-relativistic reduction to Aharonov-Bohm scattering. We also argue that the S-matr...
Higher derivative extensions of 3 d Chern-Simons models: conservation laws and stability
Kaparulin, D. S.; Karataeva, I. Yu.; Lyakhovich, S. L.
2015-11-01
We consider the class of higher derivative 3 d vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For the nth-order theory of this type, we provide a general recipe for constructing n-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameters in the Lagrangian. We also demonstrate the examples of consistent interactions which are compatible with the requirement of stability.
Higher derivative extensions of 3d Chern-Simons models: conservation laws and stability
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kaparulin, D.S.; Karataeva, I.Yu.; Lyakhovich, S.L. [Tomsk State University, Physics Faculty, Tomsk (Russian Federation)
2015-11-15
We consider the class of higher derivative 3d vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For the nth-order theory of this type, we provide a general recipe for constructing n-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameters in the Lagrangian. We also demonstrate the examples of consistent interactions which are compatible with the requirement of stability. (orig.)
Higher derivative extensions of 3d Chern-Simons models: conservation laws and stability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider the class of higher derivative 3d vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For the nth-order theory of this type, we provide a general recipe for constructing n-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameters in the Lagrangian. We also demonstrate the examples of consistent interactions which are compatible with the requirement of stability. (orig.)
Higher derivative extensions of $3d$ Chern-Simons models: conservation laws and stability
Kaparulin, D S; Lyakhovich, S L
2015-01-01
We consider the class of higher derivative $3d$ vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For $n$-th order theory of this type, we provide a general receipt for constructing $n$-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameters in the Lagrangian. We also demonstrate the examples of consistent interactions which are compatible with the requirement of stability.
Gravitational and gauge couplings in Chern-Simons fractional spin gravity
Boulanger, Nicolas; Valenzuela, Mauricio
2015-01-01
We propose an extension of Vasiliev's supertrace operation for the enveloping algebra of Wigner's deformed oscillator algebra to the fractional spin algebra given in arXiv:1312.5700. The resulting three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory unifies the Blencowe-Vasiliev higher spin gravity with fractional spin fields and internal gauge potentials. For integer or half-integer fractional spins, infinite dimensional ideals arise and decouple, leaving finite dimensional gauge algebras gl(2l+1) or gl(l|l+1) and various real forms thereof. We derive the relation between gravitational and internal gauge couplings.
Visible and hidden sectors in a model with Maxwell and Chern-Simons gauge dynamics
Ireson, Edwin; Tallarita, Gianni
2016-01-01
We study a $U(1) \\times U(1)$ gauge theory discussing its vortex solutions and supersymmetric extension. In our set-upon the dynamics of one of two Abelian gauge fields is governed by a Maxwell term, the other by a Chern-Simons term. The two sectors via a BF gauge field mixing and a Higgs portal term that connects the two complex scalars. We also consider the supersymmetric version of this system which allows to find for the bosonic sector BPS equations in which an additional real scalar field enters into play. We study numerically the field equations finding vortex solutions with both magnetic flux and electric charge.
From Lorentz-Chern-Simons to Massive Gravity in 2+1 Dimensions
del Pino, Simón; Toloza, Adolfo; Zanelli, Jorge
2015-01-01
We propose a generalization of Chiral Gravity, which follows from considering a Chern-Simons action for the spin connection with anti-symmetric contorsion. The theory corresponds to Topologically Massive Gravity at the chiral point non-minimally coupled to an additional scalar mode that gathers the torsion degree of freedom. In this setup, the effective cosmological constant (the inverse of the curvature radius of maximally symmetric solutions) is either negative or zero, and it enters as an integration constant associated to the value of the contorsion at infinity. We explain how this is not in conflict with the Zamolodchikov's $c$-theorem holding in the dual boundary theory. In fact, we conjecture that the theory formulated about three-dimensional Anti-de Sitter space is dual to a two-dimensional conformal field theory whose right- and left-moving central charges are given by $c_{R}=24k$ and $c_{L}=0$, respectively, being $k$ the level of the Chern-Simons action. We study the classical theory both at the li...
Low regularity solutions of the Chern-Simons-Higgs equations in the Lorentz gauge
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Nikolaos Bournaveas
2009-09-01
Full Text Available We prove local well-posedness for the 2+1-dimensional Chern-Simons-Higgs equations in the Lorentz gauge with initial data of low regularity. Our result improves earlier results by Huh [10, 11].
BPS-kink and more global solutions of the Chern-Simons (super)gravity term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the supersymmetry of the Kaluza-Klein reduced gravitational Chern-Simons term in two dimensions and propose supergravity transformations that allow for some supersymmetry of the kink solution. (author)
The Chern-Simons term induced at high temperature and the quantization of its coefficient
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By perturbative calculations of the high-temperature ground-state axial vector current of fermion fields coupled to gauge fields, an anomalous Chern-Simons topological mass term is induced in the three-dimensional effective action. The anomaly in three dimensions appears just in the ground-state current rather than in the divergence of ground-state current. In the Abelian case, the contribution comes only from the vacuum polarization graph, whereas in the non-Abelian case, contributions come from the vacuum polarization graph and the two triangle graphs. The relation between the quantization of the Chern-Simons coefficient and the Dirac quantization condition of magnetic charge is also obtained. It implies that in a (2+1)-dimensional QED with the Chern-Simons topological mass term and a magnetic monopole with magnetic charge g present, the Chern-Simons coefficient must be also quantized, just as in the non-Abelian case. (orig.)
Chern-Simons action for inhomogeneous Virasoro group as extension of three dimensional flat gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We initiate the study of a Chern-Simons action associated to the semi-direct sum of the Virasoro algebra with its coadjoint representation. This model extends the standard Chern-Simons formulation of three dimensional flat gravity and is similar to the higher-spin extension of three dimensional anti-de Sitter or flat gravity. The extension can also be constructed for the exotic but not for the cosmological constant deformation of flat gravity
Chern-Simons action for inhomogeneous Virasoro group as extension of three dimensional flat gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barnich, Glenn [Physique Théorique et Mathématique, Université Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Giribet, Gastón [Physique Théorique et Mathématique, Université Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Universidad de Buenos Aires FCEN-UBA and IFIBA-CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso (Chile); Leston, Mauricio [Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio IAFE-CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón IAFE, C.C. 67 Suc. 28, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)
2015-07-15
We initiate the study of a Chern-Simons action associated to the semi-direct sum of the Virasoro algebra with its coadjoint representation. This model extends the standard Chern-Simons formulation of three dimensional flat gravity and is similar to the higher-spin extension of three dimensional anti-de Sitter or flat gravity. The extension can also be constructed for the exotic but not for the cosmological constant deformation of flat gravity.
Barnich, Glenn; Giribet, Gaston; Leston, Mauricio
2015-01-01
We initiate the study of a Chern-Simons action associated to the semi-direct sum of the Virasoro algebra with its coadjoint representation. This model extends the standard Chern-Simons formulation of three dimensional flat gravity and is similar to the higher-spin extension of three dimensional anti-de Sitter or flat gravity. The extension can also be constructed for the exotic but not for the cosmological constant deformation of flat gravity.
Higher derivative Chern-Simons extension in the noncommutative QED$_{3}$
Bufalo, R
2014-01-01
The noncommutative (NC) massive quantum electrodynamics in $2+1$ dimensions is considered. We show explicitly that the one-loop effective action arising from the integrating out the fermionic fields leads to the ordinary NC Chern-Simons and NC Maxwell action at the long wavelength limit (large fermion mass). In the next to leading order, the higher-derivative contributions to NC Chern-Simons are also obtained. The gauge invariance of the outcome action is also carefully discussed.
Higher derivative Chern-Simons extension in the noncommutative QED$_{3}$
Ghasemkhani, M.; Bufalo, R.
2014-01-01
The noncommutative (NC) massive quantum electrodynamics in $2+1$ dimensions is considered. We show explicitly that the one-loop effective action arising from the integrating out the fermionic fields leads to the ordinary NC Chern-Simons and NC Maxwell action at the long wavelength limit (large fermion mass). In the next to leading order, the higher-derivative contributions to NC Chern-Simons are obtained. Moreover, the gauge invariance of the outcome action is carefully discussed. We then con...
A magnetic model with a possible Chern-Simons phase
Freedman, M H
2003-01-01
A rather elementary family of local Hamiltonians $H_{\\circ, \\ell}, \\ell = 1,2,3, ...$, is described for a 2-dimensional quantum mechanical system of spin ={1/2} particles. On the torus, the ground state space $G_{\\circ, \\ell}$ is essentially infinite dimensional but may collapse under $\\l$perturbation" to an anyonic system with a complete mathematical description: the quantum double of the SO(3)-Chern-Simons modular functor at $q= e^{2 \\pi i/\\ell +2}$ which we call $D E \\ell$. The Hamiltonian $H_\\circ, \\ell}$ defines a \\underline{quantum} \\underline{loop} \\underline{gas}. We argue that for $\\ell = 1$ and 2, $G_\\circ, \\ell}$ is unstable and the collapse to $G_{\\epsilon, \\ell} \\cong D E \\ell$ can occur truly by perturbation. For $\\ell \\geq 3 G_{\\circ, \\ell}$ is stable and in this case finding $G_{\\epsilon, \\ell} \\cong D E \\ell$ must require either $\\epsilon> \\epsilon_\\ell> 0$, help from finite system size, surface roughening (see section 3), or some other trick, hence the initial use of quotes $\\l\\quad$". A hyp...
Chern-Simons diffusion rate across different phase transitions
Rougemont, Romulo
2016-01-01
We investigate how the dimensionless ratio given by the Chern-Simons diffusion rate $\\Gamma_{\\textrm{CS}}$ divided by the product of the entropy density $s$ and temperature $T$ behaves across different kinds of phase transitions in the class of bottom-up non-conformal Einstein-dilaton holographic models originally proposed by Gubser and Nellore. By tuning the dilaton potential, one is able to holographically mimic a first order, a second order, or a crossover transition. In a first order phase transition, $\\Gamma_{\\textrm{CS}}/sT$ jumps at the critical temperature (as previously found in the holographic literature), while in a second order phase transition it develops an infinite slope. On the other hand, in a crossover, $\\Gamma_{\\textrm{CS}}/sT$ behaves smoothly, although displaying a fast variation around the pseudo-critical temperature. Furthermore, we also find that $\\Gamma_{\\textrm{CS}}/sT$ increases by orders of magnitude below the critical temperature in a second order phase transition and in a crossov...
Spherical Symmetric Gravitational Collapse in Chern-Simon Modified Gravity
Amir, M. Jamil; Ali, Sarfraz
2016-04-01
This paper is devoted to investigate the gravitational collapse in the framework of Chern-Simon (CS) modified gravity. For this purpose, we assume the spherically symmetric metric as an interior region and the Schwarzchild spacetime is considered as an exterior region of the star. Junction conditions are used to match the interior and exterior spacetimes. In dynamical formulation of CS modified gravity, we take the scalar field Θ as a function of radial parameter r and obtain the solution of the field equations. There arise two cases where in one case the apparent horizon forms first and then singularity while in second case the order of the formation is reversed. It means the first case results a black hole which supports the cosmic censorship hypothesis (CCH). Obviously, the second case yields a naked singularity. Further, we use Junction conditions have to calculate the gravitational mass. In non-dynamical formulation, the canonical choice of scalar field Θ is taken and it is shown that the obtained results of CS modified gravity simply reduce to those of the general relativity (GR). It is worth mentioning here that the results of dynamical case will reduce to those of GR, available in literature, if the scalar field is taken to be constant.
Some cosmological solutions in Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity
Avilés, Luis; Quinzacara, Cristian; Salgado, Patricio
2016-01-01
In this paper we find new solutions for the so called Einstein-Chern-Simons Friedmann-Robertson-Walker field equations studied in refs. (Phys. Rev. D 84 (2011) 063506, Eur. Phys. J. C 74 (2014) 3087). We consider three cases:(i) in the first case we find some solutions of the five-dimensional ChS-FRW field equations when the $h^a$ field is a perfect fluid that obeys a barotropic equation of state; (ii) in the second case we study the solutions, for the cases $\\gamma =1/2,\\ 3/4$, when the $h^a$ field is a five dimensional politropic fluid that obeys the equation $P^{(h)}=\\omega ^{(h)}\\rho ^{(h)\\gamma }$; (iii) in the third case we find the scale factor and the state parameter $\\omega (t)$ when the $h^a$ field is a variable modified Chaplygin gas. We consider also a space-time metric which contains as a subspace to the usual four-dimensional FRW and then we study the same three cases considered in the five-dimensional, namely when (i) the $h^a$ field is a perfect fluid, (ii) the $h^a$ field is a five dimensiona...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Having great accuracy in the range and range rate measurements, the GRACE mission and the planed GRACE follow on mission can in principle be employed to place strong constraints on certain relativistic gravitational theories. In this paper, we work out the range observable of the non-dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity for the satellite-to-satellite tracking (SST) measurements. We find out that a characteristic time accumulating range signal appears in non-dynamical Chern-Simons gravity, which has no analogue found in the standard parity-preserving metric theories of gravity. The magnitude of this Chern-Simons range signal will reach a few times of χ cm for each free flight of these SST missions, here χ is the dimensionless post-Newtonian parameter of the non-dynamical Chern-Simons theory. Therefore, with the 12 years data of the GRACE mission, one expects that the mass scale MCS = (4ℎc)/(χa) of the non-dynamical Chern-Simons gravity could be constrained to be larger than 1.9 x 10.9 eV. For the GRACE FO mission that scheduled to be launched in 2017, the much stronger bound that MCS ≥ 5 x 10-7 eV is expected. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Qiang, Li-E [Chang' an University, Department of Geophysics, College of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Xi' an (China); Xu, Peng [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Beijing (China)
2015-08-15
Having great accuracy in the range and range rate measurements, the GRACE mission and the planed GRACE follow on mission can in principle be employed to place strong constraints on certain relativistic gravitational theories. In this paper, we work out the range observable of the non-dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity for the satellite-to-satellite tracking (SST) measurements. We find out that a characteristic time accumulating range signal appears in non-dynamical Chern-Simons gravity, which has no analogue found in the standard parity-preserving metric theories of gravity. The magnitude of this Chern-Simons range signal will reach a few times of χ cm for each free flight of these SST missions, here χ is the dimensionless post-Newtonian parameter of the non-dynamical Chern-Simons theory. Therefore, with the 12 years data of the GRACE mission, one expects that the mass scale M{sub CS} = (4ℎc)/(χa) of the non-dynamical Chern-Simons gravity could be constrained to be larger than 1.9 x 10.9 eV. For the GRACE FO mission that scheduled to be launched in 2017, the much stronger bound that M{sub CS} ≥ 5 x 10{sup -7} eV is expected. (orig.)
Entropy for gravitational Chern-Simons terms by squashed cone method
Guo, Wu-zhong
2015-01-01
In this paper we investigate the entropy of gravitational Chern-Simons terms for the horizon with non-vanishing extrinsic curvatures, or the holographic entanglement entropy for arbitrary entangling surface. In 3D we find no anomaly of entropy appears. But the squashed cone method can not be used directly to get the correct result. For higher dimensions the anomaly of entropy would appear, still, we can not use the squashed cone method directly. That is becasuse the Chern-Simons action is not gauge invariant. To get a reasonable result we suggest two methods. One is by adding a boundary term to recover the gauge invariance. This boundary term can be derived from the variation of the Chern-Simons action. The other one is by using the Chern-Simons relation $d\\bm{\\Omega_{4n-1}}=tr(\\bm{R}^{2n})$. We notice that the entropy of $tr(\\bm{R}^{2n})$ is a total derivative locally, i.e. $S=d s_{CS}$. We propose to identify $s_{CS}$ with the entropy of gravitational Chern-Simons terms $\\Omega_{4n-1}$. In the first method ...
Ferrari, Ruggero
2015-01-01
We resume a long-standing, yet not forgotten, debate on whether a Chern-Simons birefringence can be generated by a local term $b_\\mu\\bar\\psi\\gamma^\\mu \\gamma_5\\psi$ in the Lagrangian (where $b_\\mu$ are constants). In the present paper we implement a new way of managing $\\gamma_5$ in dimensional regularization. Gauge invariance in the underlying theory (QED) is enforced by this choice of defining divergent amplitudes. We investigate the singular behavior of the vector meson two-point-function around the $m^2=0$ and $p^2=0$ point. We find that the coefficient of the effective Chern-Simons can be finite or zero. It depends on how one takes the limits: they cannot be interchanged due to the associate change of symmetry. For $m^2=0$ we evaluate also the self-mass of the photon at the second orderin $b_\\mu$. We find zero.
Poisson structure and symmetry in the Chern-Simons formulation of (2 + 1)-dimensional gravity
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In the formulation of (2 + 1)-dimensional gravity as a Chern-Simons gauge theory, the phase space is the moduli space of flat Poincare group connections. Using the combinatorial approach developed by Fock and Rosly, we give an explicit description of the phase space and its Poisson structure for the general case of a genus g oriented surface with punctures representing particles and a boundary playing the role of spatial infinity. We give a physical interpretation and explain how the degrees of freedom associated with each handle and each particle can be decoupled. The symmetry group of the theory combines an action of the mapping class group with asymptotic Poincare transformations in a nontrivial fashion. We derive the conserved quantities associated with the latter and show that the mapping class group of the surface acts on the phase space via Poisson isomorphisms
Deformed N = 8 supergravity from IIA strings and its Chern-Simons duals
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Guarino, Adolfo [Nikhef Theory Group, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Jafferis, Daniel L. [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States); Varela, Oscar [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States); Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS UMR 7644, Palaiseau (France)
2016-04-15
Do electric/magnetic deformations of N = 8 supergravity enjoy a string/M-theory origin, or are they just a fourdimensional artefact? We address this question for the gauging of a group closely related to SO(8): its contraction ISO(7). We argue that the deformed ISO(7) supergravity arises from consistent truncation of massive IIA supergravity on S{sup 6}, and its electric/magnetic deformation parameter descends directly from the Romans mass. The critical points of the supergravity uplift to AdS{sub 4} massive type IIA vacua and the corresponding CFT{sub 3} duals are identified as super-Chern-Simons-matter theories with gauge group SU(N) and level k given also by the Romans mass. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Consistent interactions of the 2+1 dimensional noncommutative Chern-Simons field
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We consider 2+1 dimensional noncommutative models of scalar and fermionic fields coupled to the Chern-Simons field. We show that, at least up to one loop, the model containing only a fermionic field in the fundamental representation minimally coupled to the Chern-Simons field is consistent in the sense that there are no nonintegrable infrared divergences. By contrast, dangerous infrared divergences occur if the fermion field belongs to the adjoint representation or if the coupling of scalar matter is considered instead. The superfield formulation of the supersymmetric Chern-Simons model is also analyzed and shown to be free of nonintegrable infrared singularities and actually finite if the matter field belongs to the fundamental representation of the supergauge group. In the case of the adjoint representation this happens only in a particular gauge
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Recently, the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole in the presence of the gravitational Chern-Simons term has been studied, and it is found that the usual thermodynamic quantities, like the black hole mass, angular momentum, and entropy, are modified. But, for large values of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling where the modification terms dominate the original terms some exotic behaviors occur, like the roles of the mass and angular momentum are interchanged and the entropy depends more on the inner horizon area than the outer one. A basic physical problem of this system is that the form of entropy does not guarantee the second law of thermodynamics, in contrast to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. Moreover, this entropy does not agree with the statistical entropy, in contrast to a good agreement for small values of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. Here I find that there is another entropy formula where the usual Bekenstein-Hawking form dominates the inner-horizon term again, as in the small gravitational Chern-Simons coupling case, such that the second law of thermodynamics can be guaranteed. I also find that the new entropy formula agrees with the statistical entropy based on the holographic anomalies for the whole range of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. This reproduces, in the limit of a vanishing Einstein-Hilbert term, the recent result about the exotic BTZ black holes, where their masses and angular momenta are completely interchanged and the entropies depend only on the area of the inner horizon. I compare the result of the holographic approach with the classical-symmetry-algebra-based approach, and I find exact agreements even with the higher-derivative corrections of the gravitational Chern-Simons term. This provides a nontrivial check of the AdS/CFT correspondence, in the presence of higher-derivative terms in the gravity action
Dyon of a non-Abelian Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills-Higgs system in 3+1 dimensions
Navarro-Lerida, Francisco
2013-01-01
Dyons of an SO(5) Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills-Higgs system in 3+1 dimensions are presented. These solitons carry both magnetic and electric global charges. The SO(3)xSO(2) solutions are constructed numerically. These are Chern-Simons dyons, differing radically from Julia-Zee dyons. The Chern-Simons densities employed are defined in 3+1 dimensions, and they are the first two of the 'new' Chern-Simons densities introduced recently. They are defined in terms of both Yang-Mills fields and a 5-component isomultiplet Higgs. When two or more of these Chern-Simons densities are present in the Lagrangian, solutions with vanishing electric charge but nonvanishing electrostatic potential may exist.
Self-Dual Chern-Simons Solitons and Generalized Heisenberg Ferromagnet Models
Oh, P; Oh, Phillial
1996-01-01
We consider the (2+1)-dimensional gauged Heisenberg ferromagnet model coupled with the Chern-Simons gauge fields. Self-dual Chern-Simons solitons, the static zero energy solution saturating Bogomol'nyi bounds, are shown to exist when the generalized spin variable is valued in the Hermitian symmetric spaces G/H. By gauging the maximal torus subgroup of H, we obtain self-dual solitons which satisfy vortex-type nonlinear equations thereby extending the two dimensional instantons in a nontrivial way. An explicit example for the CP(N) case is given.
Quinto, A. G.; Ferrari, A. F.; Lehum, A. C.
2016-06-01
In this work, we investigate the consequences of the Renormalization Group Equation (RGE) in the determination of the effective superpotential and the study of Dynamical Symmetry Breaking (DSB) in an N = 1 supersymmetric theory including an Abelian Chern-Simons superfield coupled to N scalar superfields in (2 + 1) dimensional spacetime. The classical Lagrangian presents scale invariance, which is broken by radiative corrections to the effective superpotential. We calculate the effective superpotential up to two-loops by using the RGE and the beta functions and anomalous dimensions known in the literature. We then show how the RGE can be used to improve this calculation, by summing up properly defined series of leading logs (LL), next-to-leading logs (NLL) contributions, and so on... We conclude that even if the RGE improvement procedure can indeed be applied in a supersymmetric model, the effects of the consideration of the RGE are not so dramatic as it happens in the non-supersymmetric case.
Does a black hole rotate in Chern-Simons modified gravity?
Konno, Kohkichi; Tanda, Satoshi
2007-01-01
Rotating black hole solutions in the (3+1)-dimensional Chern-Simons modified gravity theory are discussed by taking account of perturbation around the Schwarzschild solution. The zenith-angle dependence of a metric function related to the frame-dragging effect is determined from a constraint equation independently of a choice of the embedding coordinate. We find that at least within the framework of the first-order perturbation method, the black hole cannot rotate for finite black hole mass if the embedding coordinate is taken to be a timelike vector. However, the rotation can be permitted in the limit of $M/r \\to 0$ (where $M$ is the black hole mass and $r$ is the radius). For a spacelike vector, the rotation can also be permitted for any value of the black hole mass.
Spontaneous symmetry breaking for scalar QED with nonminimal Chern-Simons coupling
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We investigate the two-loop effective potential for both minimally and non-minimally coupled Maxwell-Chern-Simons theories. The nonminimal gauge interaction represents the magnetic moment interaction between a charged scalar and the electromagnetic field. In a previous paper we have shown that the two loop effective potential for this model is renormalizable with an appropriate choice of the non-minimal coupling constant. We carry out a detailed analysis of the spontaneous symmetry breaking induced by radiative corrections. As long as the renormalization point for all couplings is chosen to be the true minimum of the effective potential, both models predict the presence of spontaneous symmetry breaking. Two loop corrections are small compared to the one loop result, and thus the symmetry breaking is perturbatively stable
Arbitrariness in the gravitational Chern-Simons-like term induced radiatively
Felipe, J C C; Cherchiglia, A L; Scarpelli, A P Baêta; Sampaio, Marcos
2014-01-01
Lorentz violation through a radiatively induced Chern-Simons-like term in a fermionic theory embedded in linearized quantum gravity with a Lorentz- and CPT-violating axial-vector term in the fermionic sector proportional to a constant field $b_\\mu$ has been recently studied. In a similar fashion as for the extended-QED model of Carroll-Field-Jackiw, we explicitly show that neither gauge invariance nor the more stringent momentum routing invariance condition on underlying Feynman diagrams fix the arbitrariness inherent to such induced term at one loop order. We present the calculation in a nonperturbative expansion in $b_\\mu$ and within a framework which besides operating in the physical dimension (and thus avoiding $\\gamma_5$ matrix Clifford algebra ambiguities), judiciously parametrizes regularization dependent arbitrary parameters usually fixed by symmetries.
Gravitational and gauge couplings in Chern-Simons fractional spin gravity
Boulanger, Nicolas; Sundell, Per; Valenzuela, Mauricio
2016-01-01
We propose an extension of Vasiliev's supertrace operation for the enveloping algebra of Wigner's deformed oscillator algebra to the fractional spin algebra given in arXiv:1312.5700. We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for the consistency of the supertrace, through the existence of a certain ground state projector. We build this projector and check its properties to the first two orders in the number operator and to all orders in the deformation parameter. We then find the relation between the gravitational and internal gauge couplings in the resulting unified three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory for Blencowe-Vasiliev higher spin gravity coupled to fractional spin fields and internal gauge potentials. We also examine the model for integer or half-integer fractional spins, where infinite dimensional ideals arise and decouple, leaving finite dimensional gauge algebras gl(2 ℓ + 1) or gl( ℓ| ℓ + 1) and various real forms thereof.
The Hamiltonian Form of Three-Dimensional Chern-Simons-like Gravity Models
Bergshoeff, Eric A; Merbis, Wout; Routh, Alasdair J; Townsend, Paul K
2014-01-01
A wide class of three-dimensional gravity models can be put into ``Chern-Simons-like'' form. We perform a Hamiltonian analysis of the general model and then specialise to Einstein-Cartan Gravity, General Massive Gravity, the recently proposed Zwei-Dreibein Gravity and a further parity violating generalisation combining the latter two.
Induced Chern-Simons term in lattice QCD at finite temperature
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The general conditions when the Chern-Simons action could arise (in continuum limit) as non universal contribution of fermionic determinant of finite-temperature lattice QCD are formulated. The dependence of this action coefficient on non universal parameters (a chemical potential, vacuum features, etc.) is investigated in detail. Special attention is paid to the role of possible 0>-condensate existence. 42 refs. (author)
Inducing the mu and the B mu Term by the Radion and the 5d Chern-Simons Term
Hebecker, Arthur; March-Russell, John(Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3NP, U.K.); Ziegler, Robert
2008-01-01
In 5-dimensional models with gauge-Higgs unification, the F-term vacuum expectation value of the radion provides, in close analogy to the Giudice-Masiero mechanism, a natural source for the mu and B mu term. Both the leading order gauge theory lagrangian and the supersymmetric Chern-Simons term contain couplings to the radion superfield which can be used for this purpose. We analyse the basic features of this mechanism for mu term generation and provide an explicit example, based on a variati...
Electron-electron attractive interaction in Maxwell-Chern-Simons QED{sub 3} at zero temperature
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Belich, H.; Ferreira Junior, M.M.; Helayel-Neto, J.A. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). E-mail: belich@cbpf.br; manojr@cbpf.br; helayel@gft.ucp.br; Ferreira Junior, M.M. [Universidade Catolica de Petropolis, RJ (Brazil). Grupo de Fisica Teorica. E-mail: delcima@gft.ucp.br
2001-04-01
One discusses the issue of low-energy electron-electron bound states in the Maxwell-Chern-Simons model coupled to QED{sub 3} with spontaneous breaking of a local U(1)-symmetry. The scattering potential, in the non-relativistic limit, steaming from the electron-electron Moeller scattering, mediated by the Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Proca gauge field and the Higgs scalar, might be attractive by fine-tuning properly the physical parameters of the model. (author)
Lorentz and U(1) Chern-Simons terms in new minimal supergravity
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We couple a linear multiplet to new minimal supergravity, modified by the addition of both the U(1) and Lorentz superfield Chern-Simons terms. We write the lagrangian in component form and find that it contains pieces quadratic in the curvature tensor and has only a finite number of terms. We also find that the auxiliary fields am and G tildem become propagating and massive. Very interestingly, however, for a particular ratio of the U(1) and Lorentz Chern-Simons terms, G tildem can be eliminated. This leads to a lagrangian with only a finite number of terms containing a propagating, massive vector field am and terms quadratic in the curvature tensor. (orig.)
Qiang, Li-E
2016-01-01
With continuous advances in related technologies, relativistic gravitational experiments with orbiting gradiometers becomes feasible, which could naturally be incorporated into future satellite gravity missions. Tests of Chern-Simons modified gravity are meaningful since such a modification gives us insights into (possible) parity-violations in gravitation. In this work, we derive, at the post-Newtonian level, the new observables of secular gradients from the non-dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity, which will greatly improve the constraint on the mass scale $M_{CS}$ that may be drawn from satellite gradiometry measurements. For superconducting gradiometers, a strong bound $M_{CS}\\geq 10^{-7}\\ eV$ could in principle be obtained. For future optical gradiometers based on similar technologies from the LISA PathFinder mission, a even stronger bound $M_{CS}\\geq 10^{-5}\\ eV$ might be expected.
Physical states of Bianchi type IX quantum cosmologies described by the Chern-Simons functional
Graham, R; Graham, Robert; Paternoga, Robert
1996-01-01
A class of exact solutions of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation for diagonal Bianchi type IX cosmologies with cosmological constant is derived in the metric representation. This class consists of all the ``topological solutions'' which are associated with the Bianchi type IX reduction of the Chern-Simons functional in Ashtekar variables. The different solutions within the class arise from the topologically inequivalent choices of the integration contours in the transformation from the Ashtekarrepresentation to the metric representation. We show how the saddle-points of the reduced Chern-Simons functional generate a complete basis of such integration contours and the associated solutions. Among the solutions we identify two, which, semi-classically, satisfy the boundary conditions proposed by Vilenkin and by Hartle and Hawking, respectively. In the limit of vanishing cosmological constant our solutions reduce to a class found earlier in special fermion sectors ofsupersymmetric Bianchi type IX models.
Dimensional reduction of a Lorentz and CPT-violating Maxwell-Chern-Simons model
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Taking as starting point a Lorentz and CPT non-invariant Chern-Simons-like model defined in 1+3 dimensions, we proceed realizing its dimensional to D = 1+2. One then obtains a new planar model, composed by the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) sector, a Klein-Gordon massless scalar field, and a coupling term that mixes the gauge field to the external vector, νμ. In spite of breaking Lorentz invariance in the particle frame, this model may preserve the CPT symmetry for a single particular choice of νμ . Analyzing the dispersion relations, one verifies that the reduced model exhibits stability, but the causality can be jeopardized by some modes. The unitary of the gauge sector is assured without any restriction , while the scalar sector is unitary only in the space-like case. (author)
N=2-Maxwell-Chern-Simons model with anomalous magnetic moment coupling via dimensional reduction
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An N=1-supersymmetric version of the Cremmer-Scherk-Kalb-Ramond model with non-minimal coupling to matter is built up both in terms of superfields and in a component field formalism. By adopting a dimensional reduction procedure, the N=2-D=3 counterpart of the model comes out, with two main features: a genuine (diagonal) Chern-Simons term and an anomalous magnetic moment coupling between matter and the gauge potential. (author)
Some quantum aspects of complex vector fields with Chern-Simons term
Del Cima, O M
1993-01-01
Complex vector fields with Maxwell, Chern-Simons and Proca terms are minimally coupled to an Abelian gauge field. The consistency of the spectrum is analysed and 1-loop quantum corrections to the self-energy are explicitly computed and discussed. The incorporation of 2-loop contributions and the behaviour of tree-level scattering amplitudes in the limit of high center-of-mass energies are also commented.
Chern-Simons Path Integrals in S2 × S1
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Adrian P. C. Lim
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Using torus gauge fixing, Hahn in 2008 wrote down an expression for a Chern-Simons path integral to compute the Wilson Loop observable, using the Chern-Simons action \\(S_{CS}^\\kappa\\, \\(\\kappa\\ is some parameter. Instead of making sense of the path integral over the space of \\(\\mathfrak{g}\\-valued smooth 1-forms on \\(S^2 \\times S^1\\, we use the Segal Bargmann transform to define the path integral over \\(B_i\\, the space of \\(\\mathfrak{g}\\-valued holomorphic functions over \\(\\mathbb{C}^2 \\times \\mathbb{C}^{i-1}\\. This approach was first used by us in 2011. The main tool used is Abstract Wiener measure and applying analytic continuation to the Wiener integral. Using the above approach, we will show that the Chern-Simons path integral can be written as a linear functional defined on \\(C(B_1^{\\times^4} \\times B_2^{\\times^2}, \\mathbb{C}\\ and this linear functional is similar to the Chern-Simons linear functional defined by us in 2011, for the Chern-Simons path integral in the case of \\(\\mathbb{R}^3\\. We will define the Wilson Loop observable using this linear functional and explicitly compute it, and the expression is dependent on the parameter \\(\\kappa\\. The second half of the article concentrates on taking \\(\\kappa\\ goes to infinity for the Wilson Loop observable, to obtain link invariants. As an application, we will compute the Wilson Loop observable in the case of \\(SU(N\\ and \\(SO(N\\. In these cases, the Wilson Loop observable reduces to a state model. We will show that the state models satisfy a Jones type skein relation in the case of \\(SU(N\\ and a Conway type skein relation in the case of \\(SO(N\\. By imposing quantization condition on the charge of the link \\(L\\, we will show that the state models are invariant under the Reidemeister Moves and hence the Wilson Loop observables indeed define a framed link invariant. This approach follows that used in an article written by us in 2012, for the case of
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The combined effects of the Lorentz-symmetry violating Chern-Simons and Ricci-Cotton actions are investigated for the Einstein-Hilbert gravity in the second-order formalism modified by higher derivative terms, and their consequences on the spectrum of excitations are analyzed. We follow the lines of previous works and build up an orthonormal basis of projector-like operators for the degrees of freedom, rather than for the spin modes of the fields. With this new basis, the attainment of the propagators is remarkably simplified and the identification of the physical and unphysical modes becomes more immediate. Our conclusion is that the only tachyon- and ghost-free model is the Einstein-Hilbert action added up by the Chern-Simons term with a timelike vector of the type vμ=(μ,0-vector). Spectral consistency imposes that the Ricci-Cotton term must be switched off. We then infer that gravity with Lorentz-symmetry violation imposes a drastically different constraint on the background if compared to ordinary gauge theories whenever conditions for the suppression of tachyons and ghosts are imposed.
Simple-current symmetries, rank-level duality, and linear skein relations for Chern-Simons graphs
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A previously proposed two-step algorithm for calculating the expectation values of arbitrary Chern-Simons graphs fails to determine certain crucial signs. The step which involves calculating tetrahedra by solving certain non-linear equations is repaired by introducing additional linear equations. The step which involves reducing arbitrary graphs to sums of products of tetrahedra remains seriously disabled, apart from a few exceptional cases. As a first step towards a new algorithm for general graphs we find useful linear equations for those special graphs which support knots and links. Using the improved set of equations for tetrahedra we examine the symmetries between tetrahedra generated by arbitrary simple currents. Along the way we describe the simple, classical origin of simple-current charges. The improved skein relations also lead to exact identities between planar tetrahedra in level K G(N) and level N G(K) Chern-Simons theories, where G(N) denotes a classical group. These results are recast as WZW braid-matrix identities and as identities between quantum 6j-symbols at appropriate roots of unity. We also obtain the transformation properties of arbitary graphs, knots, and links under simple-current symmetries and rank-level duality. For links with knotted components this requires precise control of the braid eigenvalue permutation signs, which we obtain from plethysm and an explicit expression for the (multiplicity-free) signs, valid for all compact gauge groups and all fusion products. (orig.)
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Starting from the non-relativistic field theory of spin- fermions interacting through the Abelian Chern-Simons term, we show that the quantized field theory leads, in the two-particle sector, to a two-particle Aharonov-Bohm-like Schroedinger equation with an antisymmetric (fermionic) wavefunction and without a delta function term. Calculating perturbatively the field-theoretic two-particle scattering amplitude up to one-loop order, we show that, in contrast to the scalar theory, the contribution of all the one-loop diagrams is finite and null, and that of the tree level ones coincides with the exact amplitude. Further, the Pauli matter-magnetic field interaction term is shown not to contribute to the amplitude to this order. (author)
Qiang, Li-E
2014-01-01
Having great accuracy in the range and range rate measurements, the operating GRACE mission and the planed GRACE Follow On mission can in principle be employed to place strong constraints on certain relativistic gravity theories. In this paper, we work out in details the range observable in the non-dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity for these Satellite-Satellite Tracking measurements. We find out that an characteristic time accumulating signal appears in the range observable in the non-dynamical Chern-Simons gravity, which has no analogy found in the standard metric theories of gravity. The magnitude of this Chern-Simons range signal will reach to a few times of $(\\frac{\\dot{\\theta}}{100r})meters$ for each free flight of these SST missions, here $\\dot{\\theta}$ measures the length scale of the theory and $r$ denotes the orbital radius of the SST mission. Therefore, with the 12 years data from the GRACE mission and the proper data analysis methods, one expects that the mass scale of the non-dynamical CS gr...
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Jackiw-Pi's model of the self-gravitating gas of nonrelativistic bosons coupled to the Chern-Simons gauge field is known to exhibit asymptotically vanishing, lump-like soliton solutions. We show that in order to extend this model to include the case of repulsive gases where the matter field approaches nonzero values at infinities, one has to add, for instance, the background electric charge. Reformulating the model arising in this way as a constrained Hamiltonian system allows to find the self-duality limit in the pure Chern-Simons and in the mixed Chern-Simons-Maxwell cases. We prove that the linear momentum of the topologically nontrivial configuration can only be defined as a translationally noninvariant quantity and the algebra is spontaneously broken {Px, Py}=2πρ0n. 22 refs., 2 figs
On the role of the Chern-Simons action for the description of the QHE
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The role of the Chern-Simons action in the description of the quantum Hall effects is stressed. The 2D-electromagnetic picture of Widom and Srivastava is shown to be valid in a superlattice of 2D-electron gases. A Meissner-like effect appears in such systems. In them, the difference between the external and the integer filling factor fields is exponentially screened by the surface (edge) currents. Also, effective Maxwell equations for one sheet or a superlattice are obtained. (author). 21 refs
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Pasqua, Antonio [University of Trieste, Department of Physics, Trieste (Italy); Rocha, Roldao da [Universidade Federal do ABC, Centro de Matematica, Computacao e Cognicao, Santo Andre, SP (Brazil); International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Trieste (Italy); Chattopadhyay, Surajit [Bengal Pailan Park, Pailan College of Management and Technology, Kolkata (India)
2015-02-01
Dark energy models are here investigated and studied in the framework of the Chern-Simons modified gravity model. We bring into focus the holographic dark energy model with Granda-Oliveros cut-off, the modified holographic Ricci dark energy model and a model with higher derivatives of the Hubble parameter. The relevant expressions of the scale factor a(t) for a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe are derived and studied, and, in this context, the evolution of the scale factor is shown to be similar to the one displayed by the modified Chaplygin gas in two of the above models. (orig.)
Effect of VSR invariant Chern-Simons Lagrangian on photon polarization
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We propose a generalization of the Chern-Simons (CS) Lagrangian which is invariant under the SIM(2) transformations but not under the full Lorentz group. The generalized lagrangian is also invariant under a SIM(2) gauge transformation. We study the effect of such a term on radiation propagating over cosmological distances. We find that the dominant effect of this term is to produce circular polarization as radiation propagates through space. We use the circular polarization data from distant radio sources in order to impose a limit on this term
Enhancing Gauge Symmetries of Non-Abelian Supersymmetric Chern-Simons Model
Gharavi, Kh. Bahalke; Monemzadeh, M.; Nejad, S. Abarghouei
2016-07-01
In this article, we study gauge symmetries of the Non-Abelian Supersymmetric Chern-Simons model (SCS) of SU(2) group at (2+1)-dimensions in the framework of the formalism of constrained systems. Since, broken gauge symmetries in this physical system lead to the presence of nonphysical degrees of freedom, the Non-Abelian SCS model is strictly constrained to second-class constraints. Hence, by introducing some auxiliary fields and using finite order BFT method, we obtain a gauge symmetric model by converting second-class constraint to first-class ones. Ultimately, the partition function of the model is obtained in the extended phase space.
Non abelian Chern-Simons topological coupling from self-interaction
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It is shown that the self-interaction mechanism drives in one step the topologically coupled-Maxwell-second rank antisymmetric tensor system into the Chern-Simons coupled -non abelian- (second rank) antisymmetric tensor action. Only one step is required to saturate the process because the action for the initial Maxwell-antisymmetric tensor system is given in its first-order form. The self-interaction mechanism works both for the original Chapline-Manton form of the action and for the dual form. (Author)
Chern-Simons Actions and Their Gaugings in 4D, N=1 Superspace
Becker, Katrin; Linch, William D; Robbins, Daniel
2016-01-01
We gauge the abelian hierarchy of tensor fields in 4D by a Lie algebra. The resulting non-abelian tensor hierarchy can be interpreted via an equivariant chain complex. We lift this structure to N=1 superspace by constructing superfield analogs for the tensor fields, along with covariant superfield strengths. Next we construct Chern-Simons actions, for both the bosonic and N=1 cases, and note that the condition of gauge invariance can be presented cohomologically. Finally, we provide an explicit realization of these structures by dimensional reduction, for example by reducing the three-form of eleven-dimensional supergravity into a superspace with manifest 4D, N=1 supersymmetry.
Meusburger, C
2006-01-01
We relate the geometrical and the Chern-Simons description of (2+1)-dimensional gravity for spacetimes of topology $R\\times S_g$, where $S_g$ is an oriented two-surface of genus $g>1$, for Lorentzian signature and general cosmological constant and the Euclidean case with negative cosmological constant. We show how the variables parametrising the phase space in the Chern-Simons formalism are obtained from the geometrical description and how the geometrical construction of (2+1)-spacetimes via grafting along closed, simple geodesics gives rise to transformations on the phase space. We demonstrate that these transformations are generated via the Poisson bracket by one of the two canonical Wilson loop observables associated to the geodesic, while the other acts as the Hamiltonian for infinitesimal Dehn twists. For spacetimes with Lorentzian signature, we discuss the role of the cosmological constant as a deformation parameter in the geometrical and the Chern-Simons formulation of the theory. In particular, we sho...
Dimensional reduction of U(1) x SU(2) Chern-Simons bosonization: Application to the t - J model
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We perform a dimensional reduction of the U(1) x SU(2) Chern-Simons bosonization and apply it to the t - J model, relevant for high Tc superconductors. This procedure yields a decomposition of the electron field into a product of two ''semionic'' fields, i.e. fields obeying Abelian braid statistics with statistics parameter θ = 1/4, one carrying the charge and the other the spin degrees of freedom. A mean field theory is then shown to reproduce correctly the large distance behaviour of the correlation functions of the 1D t - J model at >> J. This result shows that to capture the essential physical properties of the model one needs a specific ''semionic'' form of spin-charge separation. (author). 31 refs
Stability of the Schwarzschild black hole in f(R) gravity with the dynamical Chern-Simons term
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We perform the stability analysis of the Schwarzschild black hole in f(R) gravity with the parity-violating Chern-Simons (CS) term coupled to a dynamical scalar field θ. For this purpose, we transform the f(R) gravity into the scalar-tensor theory by introducing a scalaron φ, providing the dynamical CS modified gravity with two scalars. The perturbation equation for the scalar θ is coupled to the odd-parity metric perturbation equation, providing a system of two coupled second-order equations, while the scalaron is coupled to the even-parity perturbation equation. This implies that the CS coupling affects the Regge-Wheeler equation, while f(R) gravity does not affect the Zerilli equation. It turns out that the Schwarzschild black hole is stable against the external perturbations if the scalaron is free from the tachyon.
A topological Chern-Simons sigma model and new invariants of three-manifolds
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We construct a topological Chern-Simons sigma model on a Riemannian three-manifold M with gauge group G whose hyperkähler target space X is equipped with a G-action. Via a perturbative computation of its partition function, we obtain new topological invariants of M that define new weight systems which are characterized by both Lie algebra structure and hyperkähler geometry. In canonically quantizing the sigma model, we find that the partition function on certain M can be expressed in terms of Chern-Simons knot invariants of M and the intersection number of certain G-equivariant cycles in the moduli space of G-covariant maps from M to X. We also construct supersymmetric Wilson loop operators, and via a perturbative computation of their expectation value, we obtain new knot invariants of M that define new knot weight systems which are also characterized by both Lie algebra structure and hyperkähler geometry
Does the Higgs mechanism favour electron-electron bound states in Maxwell-Chern-Simons QED_3?
Belich, H.; Del Cima, O. M.; Ferreira Jr, M. M.; Helayel-Neto, J. A.
2000-01-01
The low-energy electron-electron scattering potential is derived and discussed for the Maxwell-Chern-Simons model coupled to QED_3 with spontaneous symmetry breaking. One shows that the Higgs mechanism might favour electron-electron bound states.
Chern-Simons functional and the no-boundary proposal in Bianchi IX quantum cosmology
Louko, J
1995-01-01
The Chern-Simons functional S_{\\rm CS} is an exact solution to the Ashtekar-Hamilton-Jacobi equation of general relativity with a nonzero cosmological constant. In this paper we consider S_{\\rm CS} in Bianchi type IX cosmology with S^3 spatial surfaces. We show that among the classical solutions generated by~S_{\\rm CS}, there is a two-parameter family of Euclidean spacetimes that have a regular NUT-type closing. When two of the three scale factors are equal, these spacetimes reduce to a one-parameter family within the Euclidean Taub-NUT-de~Sitter metrics. For a nonzero cosmological constant, \\exp(iS_{\\rm CS}) therefore provides a semiclassical estimate to the Bianchi~IX no-boundary wave function in Ashtekar's variables.
Primordial massive gravitational waves from Einstein-Chern-Simons-Weyl gravity
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We investigate the evolution of cosmological perturbations during de Sitter inflation in the Einstein-Chern-Simons-Weyl gravity. Primordial massive gravitational waves are composed of one scalar, two vector and four tensor circularly polarized modes. We show that the vector power spectrum decays quickly like a transversely massive vector in the superhorizon limit z → 0. In this limit, the power spectrum coming from massive tensor modes decays quickly, leading to the conventional tensor power spectrum. Also, we find that in the limit of m2 → 0 (keeping the Weyl-squared term only), the vector and tensor power spectra disappear. It implies that their power spectra are not gravitationally produced because they (vector and tensor) are decoupled from the expanding de Sitter background, as a result of conformal invariance
Casimir Force for a Maxwell-Chern-Simons System via Model Transformation
de Medeiros Neto, J. F.; Ozela, Rodrigo F.; Correa, R. O.; Ramos, Rudnei O.
2014-12-01
We show that the Hamiltonian for a Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) model can be expressed in a diagonalized equivalent form involving only a massive scalar field variable in a three-dimensional space-time. We use this mapping between the two models, the MCS and a single massive scalar field, to understand the agreement of the Casimir force between parallel lines derived in both models. Since the Casimir force is heavily dependent on the boundary conditions (BC), we show that only certain types of BC can be considered for the two models, within the method of calculation outlined here. We also discuss the behavior of the BC with respect to the gauge symmetry present in the initial model.
The Chern-Simons state for the non-diagonal Bianchi IX model
Paternoga, R; Paternoga, Robert; Graham, Robert
1998-01-01
The Bianchi IX mixmaster model is quantized in its non-diagonal form, imposing spatial diffeomorphism, time reparametrization and Lorentz invariance as constraints on physical state vectors before gauge-fixing. The result turns out to be different from quantizing the diagonal model obtained by gauge-fixing already on the classical level. For the non-diagonal model a generalized 9-dimensional Fourier transformation over a suitably chosen manifold connects the representations in metric variables and in Ashtekar variables. A space of five states in the metric representation is generated from the single physical Chern-Simons state in Ashtekar variables by choosing five different integration manifolds, which cannot be deformed into each other. For the case of a positive cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ we extend our previous study of these five states for the diagonal Bianchi IX model to the non-diagonal case. It is shown that additional discrete (permutation) symmetries of physical states arise in the quantization...
Thermodynamics in dynamical Chern-Simons modified gravity with canonical scalar field
Rani, Shamaila; Nawaz, Tanzeela; Jawad, Abdul
2016-09-01
We take the scalar field dark energy model possessing a non-canonical kinetic term in the framework of modified Chern-Simon gravity. We assume the flat FRW universe model and interacting scenario between dark matter and non-canonical dark energy part. Under this scenario, we check the stability of the model using squared speed of sound which represents the stable behavior for a specific choice of model parameters. We also discuss the validity of generalized second law of thermodynamics by assuming the usual entropy and its corrected forms (logarithmic and power law) at the apparent horizon. This law satisfied for all cases versus redshift parameter at the present as well as later epoch.
Jeremías Aguilera-Damia; Diego H. Correa; Silva, Guillermo A.
2014-01-01
We find 1/6 BPS string configurations in AdS 4 × ℂℙ 3 , which we identify as the duals of certain 1/6 BPS circular Wilson loops in N $$ \\mathcal{N} $$ = 6 super Chern-Simons-matter gauge theory. We use our results to verify -in the strong coupling limit- a proposal made in arXiv:1402.4128 for a relation between the expectation value of these Wilson loops and the Bremsstrahlung function from deforming 1/2 BPS Wilson lines with a cusp. We also derive an analogous relation between the expectatio...
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The possibility of dual equivalence between the self-dual and the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) models when the latter is coupled to dynamical, U(1) fermionic charged matter is examined. The proper coupling in the self-dual model is then disclosed using the iterative gauge embedding approach. We found that the self-dual potential needs to couple directly to the Chern kernel of the source in order to establish this equivalence besides the need for a self-interaction term to render the matter sector unchanged
Makhfudz, Imam; Pujol, Pierre
We propose a mechanism for the protection against spin gapped states in doped antiferromagnets. It requires the presence of a Chern-Simons term that can be generated by a coupling between spin and an insulator.We first demonstrate that in the presence of this term the vortex loop excitations of the spin sector behave as anyons with fractional statistics. To generate such a term, the fermions should have a massive Dirac spectrum coupled to the emergent spin field of the spin sector. The Dirac spectrum can be realized by a planar spin configuration arising as the lowest-energy configuration of a square lattice antiferromagnet Hamiltonian involving a Dzyaloshinskii- Moriya interaction. The mass is provided by a combination of dimerization and staggered chemical potential.We finally showthat for realistic parameters, anyonic vortex loop condensationwill likely never occur and thus the spin gapped state is prevented.We also propose real magnetic materials for an experimental verification of our theory. Reference: Imam Makhfudz and Pierre Pujol,Phys.Rev. B 92, 144507 (2015).
Chern-Simons improved Hamiltonians for strings in three space dimensions
Gordeli, Ivan; Melnikov, Dmitry; Niemi, Antti J.; Sedrakyan, Ara
2016-07-01
In the case of a structureless string the extrinsic curvature and torsion determine uniquely its shape in three-dimensional ambient space, by way of solution of the Frenet equation. In many physical scenarios there are in addition symmetries that constrain the functional form of the ensuing energy function. For example, the energy of a structureless string should be independent of the way the string is framed in the Frenet equation. Thus the energy should only involve the curvature and torsion as dynamical variables, in a manner that resembles the Hamiltonian of the Abelian Higgs model. Here we investigate the effect of symmetry principles in the construction of Hamiltonians for structureless strings. We deduce from the concept of frame independence that in addition to extrinsic curvature and torsion, the string can also engage a three-dimensional Abelian bulk gauge field as a dynamical variable. We find that the presence of a bulk gauge field gives rise to a long-range interaction between different strings. Moreover, when this gauge field is subject to Chern-Simons self-interaction, it becomes plausible that interacting strings are subject to fractional statistics in three space dimensions.
The Structure of Space-Time Emerging from the Two-Superbody Problem in Chern Simons Supergravity
Kim, Sunme; Mansouri, Freydoon
1996-01-01
We show that the exact solution of the two_superbody problem in N=2 Chern Simons Supergravity in 2+1 dimensions leads to a supermultiplet of space-times. This supersymmetric space-time is characterized by the two gauge invariant observables of the super Poincare' group, which may be viewed as the Casimir invariants of an equivalent one-superbody state. The metric of this space-time supermultiplet can be cast into the form of the metric for a spinning cone in which the coordinates do not commu...
N = 1 super-Chern-Simons coupled to parity-preserving matter from Atiyah-Ward space-time
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In this letter, we present the Parkes-Siegel formulation for the massive Abelian N=1 super-QED2+2 coupled to a self-dual supermultiplet, by introducing a chiral multiplier superfield. We show that after carrying out a suitable dimensional reduction from (2+2) to (1+2) dimensions, and performing some necessary truncations, the simple supersymmetric extension of the π3 QED1+2 coupled to a Chern-Simons term naturally comes out. (author). 15 refs
Chern-Weil Construction for Twisted K-Theory
Gomi, Kiyonori; Terashima, Yuji
2010-10-01
We give a finite-dimensional and geometric construction of a Chern character for twisted K-theory, introducing a notion of connection on a twisted vectorial bundle which can be considered as a finite-dimensional approximation of a twisted family of Fredholm operators. Our construction is applicable to the case of any classes giving the twisting, and agrees with the Chern character of bundle gerbe modules in the case of torsion classes.
Witten's top Chern class via K-theory
Chiodo, Alessandro
2002-01-01
The Witten top Chern class is the crucial cohomology class needed to state a conjecture by Witten relating the Gelfand-Dikii hierarchies to higher spin curves. In math.AG/0011032, Polishchuk and Vaintrob provide an algebraic construction of such a class. We present a more straightforward construction via K-theory. In this way we short-circuit the passage through bivariant intersection theory and the use of MacPherson's graph construction. Furthermore, we show that the Witten top Chern class a...
Quinto, A G
2016-01-01
In this paper we study the Nielsen identity for the supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter model in the superfield formalism, in three spacetime dimensions. The Nielsen identity is essential to understand the gauge invariance of the symmetry breaking mechanism, and it is calculated by using the BRST invariance of the model. We discuss the technical difficulties in applying this identity to the complete effective superpotential, but we show how we can study in detail the gauge independence of one part of the effective superpotential, $K_{eff}$. We calculate the renormalization group functions of the model for arbitrary gauge-fixing parameter, finding them to be independent of the gauge choice. This result can be used to argue that $K_{eff}$ also does not depend on the gauge parameter. We discuss the possibility of the extension of these results to the complete effective superpotential.
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Full text: In this work, we find an expression for the Casimir force for a Maxwell-Proca-Chern-Simons (MPCS) model obtained from a Maxwell-Higgs-Chern-Simons (MHCS) model representing quantized vortices in a 3-dimensional space-time, using the appropriate boundary conditions. In the initial MHCS model, the vortices are represented by a scalar complex field associated to a dynamical (entropy) mass term M. As a first approximation, we consider that field in its (non-zero) vacuum expectation value, which then leads to the MPCS model. The Casimir force for that resulting model is calculated by associating the MPCS model to an equivalent model of two non-interacting massive scalar fields. The masses of associated scalar fields are suitably related to the initial characteristic constants of the MPCS model. Thus, the Casimir force for the MPCS model can be expressed as the sum of the known Casimir forces for the two scalar fields. However, it is well known that the Casimir force for a scalar field depends on the specific boundary conditions considered. Thus, a problem that naturally arises is that we must map the boundary conditions considered for the scalar fields in the respective boundary conditions of the vector field of the MPCS model and vice-versa. It is also necessary to study and interpret the physical meaning of the boundary conditions that will be considered for the vector field. Here, for the sake of simplicity, we set properly the boundary conditions that will be considered for the MPCS model (associated with the two scalar fields), in order to obtain its Casimir force in terms of the results for the scalar fields. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Santos, Carlos Rafael M.; Medeiros Neto, J.F. de [Universidade Federal do Para (UFPA), PA (Brazil); Ramos, Rudnei O. [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil)
2011-07-01
Full text: In this work, we find an expression for the Casimir force for a Maxwell-Proca-Chern-Simons (MPCS) model obtained from a Maxwell-Higgs-Chern-Simons (MHCS) model representing quantized vortices in a 3-dimensional space-time, using the appropriate boundary conditions. In the initial MHCS model, the vortices are represented by a scalar complex field associated to a dynamical (entropy) mass term M. As a first approximation, we consider that field in its (non-zero) vacuum expectation value, which then leads to the MPCS model. The Casimir force for that resulting model is calculated by associating the MPCS model to an equivalent model of two non-interacting massive scalar fields. The masses of associated scalar fields are suitably related to the initial characteristic constants of the MPCS model. Thus, the Casimir force for the MPCS model can be expressed as the sum of the known Casimir forces for the two scalar fields. However, it is well known that the Casimir force for a scalar field depends on the specific boundary conditions considered. Thus, a problem that naturally arises is that we must map the boundary conditions considered for the scalar fields in the respective boundary conditions of the vector field of the MPCS model and vice-versa. It is also necessary to study and interpret the physical meaning of the boundary conditions that will be considered for the vector field. Here, for the sake of simplicity, we set properly the boundary conditions that will be considered for the MPCS model (associated with the two scalar fields), in order to obtain its Casimir force in terms of the results for the scalar fields. (author)
Protected Qubits and Chern Simons theories in Josephson Junction Arrays
Doucot, B.; Feigel'Man, M.V.; Ioffe, L. B.; Ioselevich, A. S.
2004-01-01
We present general symmetry arguments that show the appearance of doubly denerate states protected from external perturbations in a wide class of Hamiltonians. We construct the simplest spin Hamiltonian belonging to this class and study its properties both analytically and numerically. We find that this model generally has a number of low energy modes which might destroy the protection in the thermodynamic limit. These modes are qualitatively different from the usual gapless excitations as th...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cantanhede, Carlisson M. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT/UNESP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Casana, Rodolfo; Ferreira Junior, Manoel M. [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), MA (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica; Hora, Eduardo da [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), PB (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica
2012-07-01
Full text: Since the seminal works by Abrikosov [1] and Nielsen-Olesen [2] showing the existence of uncharged vortex, such nonperturbative solutions have been a theoretical issue of enduring interest. Already, the electrically charged vortices are obtained only in abelian models endowed with the Chern-Simons term [3,4]. This remains valid even in the context of highly nonlinear models, such as the Born-Infield electrodynamics. In this work, we demonstrated the existence of electrically charged BPS vortices in a Maxwell-Higgs model without the Chern- Simons term but endowed with a CPT-even and parity-odd Lorentz-violating (LV) structure. The LV term belonging to the CPT-even electrodynamics of the Standard Model Extension [5] plays a similar role that of the Chern-Simons term, mixing the electric and magnetic sectors. Besides the LV coefficients provide a very rich set of vortex configurations exhibiting electric's field inversion also are responsible by controlling the characteristic length of the vortex and by the flipping of the magnetic flux. [1] A. Abrikosov, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 1442 (1957). [2] H. Nielsen, P. Olesen, Nucl. Phys. B 61, 45 (1973). [3] R. Jackiw and E. J. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2234 (1990). [4] C.K. Lee, K.M. Lee, H. Min, Phys. Lett. B 252, 79 (1990) [5] D. Colladay and V. A. Kostelecky, Phys. Rev. D 55, 6760 (1997); Phys. Rev. D 58, 116002 (1998). (author)
Chern–Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace
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In this paper, we will analyze a three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern–Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace formalism. The breaking of the Lorentz symmetry down to the SIM(1) symmetry breaks half the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant theory. So, the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant Chern–Simons theory with N=1 supersymmetry will break down to N=1/2 supersymmetry, when the Lorentz symmetry is broken down to the SIM(1) symmetry. First, we will write the Chern–Simons action using SIM(1) projections of N=1 superfields. However, as the SIM(1) transformations of these projections are very complicated, we will define SIM(1) superfields which transform simply under SIM(1) transformations. We will then express the Chern–Simons action using these SIM(1) superfields. Furthermore, we will analyze the gauge symmetry of this Chern–Simons theory. This is the first time that a Chern–Simons theory with N=1/2 supersymmetry will be constructed on a manifold without a boundary
Chern–Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vohánka, Jiří [Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 267/2, 611 37, Brno (Czech Republic); Faizal, Mir, E-mail: mirfaizalmir@gmail.com [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, ON (Canada)
2015-12-14
In this paper, we will analyze a three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern–Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace formalism. The breaking of the Lorentz symmetry down to the SIM(1) symmetry breaks half the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant theory. So, the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant Chern–Simons theory with N=1 supersymmetry will break down to N=1/2 supersymmetry, when the Lorentz symmetry is broken down to the SIM(1) symmetry. First, we will write the Chern–Simons action using SIM(1) projections of N=1 superfields. However, as the SIM(1) transformations of these projections are very complicated, we will define SIM(1) superfields which transform simply under SIM(1) transformations. We will then express the Chern–Simons action using these SIM(1) superfields. Furthermore, we will analyze the gauge symmetry of this Chern–Simons theory. This is the first time that a Chern–Simons theory with N=1/2 supersymmetry will be constructed on a manifold without a boundary.
Caruso, F; Martins, J; Oguri, V
2012-01-01
The hydrogen atom in two dimensions, described by a Schr\\"odinger equation with a Chern-Simons potential, is numerically solved. Both its wave functions and eigenvalues were determined for small values of the principal quantum number $n$ The only possible states correspond to $l=0$ . How the result depends on the topological mass of the photon is also discussed. In the case $n=1$, the energy of the fundamental state corresponding to different choice for the photon mass scale are found to be comprehended in the interval $-3,5 \\times 10^{-3} eV \\leq E \\leq -9,0 \\times 10^{-2} eV$, corresponding to a mean radius of the electron in the range $ (5.637 \\pm 0.005) \\times 10^{-8} \\leq \\leq (48.87 \\pm 0.03) \\times 10^{-8} cm$. In any case, the planar atom is found to be very weekly bounded showing some features similar to the Rydberg atoms in three dimensions with a Coulombian interaction.
Lukierski, Jerzy; Stichel, Peter C.; Zakrzewski, Wojtek J.
1996-01-01
We consider a new D=2 nonrelativistic classical mechanics model providing via the Noether theorem the (2+1)-Galilean symmetry algebra with two central charges: mass m and the coupling constant k of a Chern-Simons-like term. In this way we provide the dynamical interpretation of the second central charge of the (2+1)-dimensional Galilean algebra. We discuss also the interpretation of k as describing the noncommutativity of D=2 space coordinates. The model is quantized in two ways: using the Os...
Casimir effect of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons field for tow non-parallel lines boundary
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Based on the Faddeev formalism of path-integral quantization for a constrained Hamiltonian system, the Casimir effect between two non-parallel lines in the (2 +1)-dimensional space is calculated by using conformal mapping and Plana summation formula in the theory of complex variable function. Without introducing any cutoff of parameter, the finite analytical expression is obtained
Navarro-Lerida, Francisco
2014-01-01
We study spherically symmetric finite energy solutions of two Higgs-Chern-Simons--Yang-Mills-Higgs (HCS-YMH) models in $3+1$ dimensions, one with gauge group $SO(5)$ and the other with $SU(3)$. The Chern-Simons (CS) densities are defined in terms of both the Yang-Mills (YM) and Higgs fields and the choice of the two gauge groups is made so they do not vanish. The solutions of the $SO(5)$ model carry only electric charge and zero magnetic charge, while the solutions of the $SU(3)$ model are dyons carrying both electric and magnetic charges like the Julia-Zee (JZ) dyon. Unlike the latter however, the electric charge in both models receives an important contribution from the CS dynamics. We pay special attention to the relation between the energies and charges of these solutions. In contrast with the electrically charged JZ dyon of the Yang-Mills-Higgs (YMH) system, whose mass is larger than that of the electrically neutral (magnetic monopole) solutions, the masses of the electrically charged solutions of our HC...
Zadeh, S Rostam
2015-01-01
We study simultaneous evolution of fermion asymmetries and large scale hypermagnetic fields in the symmetric phase of the electroweak plasma in the temperature range $100$GeV$\\leq T\\leq 10$TeV, taking into account the chirality flip processes via Higgs inverse decays and fermion number violation due to Abelian anomalies for electrons, neutrinos and quarks in the presence of hypermagnetic fields. We present a derivation of the coefficient of the Chern-Simons term for the hypercharge gauge field, showing that the left-handed and right-handed components of each fermion species contribute with opposite sign. This is in contrast to the results presented in some of the previous works. The Chern-Simons term affects the resulting anomalous magnetohydrodynamic (AMHD) equations. We solve the resulting coupled evolution equations for the lepton and baryon asymmetries, as well as the hypermagnetic field to obtain their time evolution along with their values at the electroweak phase transition ($T_{EW} \\sim 100$GeV) for a...
Huang, Yong-Chang
2008-01-01
Using Faddeev-Senjanovic path integral quantization for constrained Hamilton system, we quantize SU(n) N=2 supersymmetric gauge field system with non-abelian Chern-Simons topological term in 2+1 dimensions, and use consistency of a gauge condition naturally to deduce another gauge condition. Further, we get the generating functional of Green function in phase space, deduce the angular momentum based on the global canonical Noether theorem at quantum level, obtain the fractional spin of this supersymmetric system, and show that the total angular momentum has the orbital angular momentum and spin angular momentum of the non-abelian gauge field. Finally, we find out the anomalous fractional spin and discover that the fractional spin has the contributions of both the group superscript components and the charge.
A Relation Between Topological Quantum Field Theory and the Kodama State
Oda, Ichiro
2003-01-01
We study a relation between topological quantum field theory and the Kodama (Chern-Simons) state. It is shown that the Kodama (Chern-Simons) state describes a topological state with unbroken diffeomorphism invariance in Yang-Mills theory and Einstein's general relativity in four dimensions. We give a clear explanation of "why" such a topological state exists.
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We use the method of stochastic quantization in a topological field theory defined in an Euclidean space, assuming a Langevin equation with a memory kernel. We show that our procedure for the Abelian Chern-Simons theory converges regardless of the nature of the Chern-Simons coefficient. (author)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨树政†; 林恺
2013-01-01
用Hamilton-Jacobi方法研究了动态球对称Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons黑洞事件视界处的隧穿辐射特征及其黑洞事件视界处的温度。其结果表明，黑洞温度及隧穿率与黑洞的固有性质及其动态特征有关。这对于进一步研究动态黑洞的热力学性质及其相关问题是有意义的。其方法的重要意义在于研究这类动态黑洞的霍金辐射时，不仅适用于标量场隧穿辐射的情形，同时也适用于研究旋量场、矢量场以及引力波的隧穿辐射。%Using Hamilton-Jacobi method, the Hawking tunneling radiation and temperature are investigated near the event horizon of the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons black hole. The results show that the temperature and tunneling rate depend on the charge and horizon of black holes, and the conclusion is significant for investigating other dynamical black holes. What is more, we also prove that this method can be used to study Hawking radiation in the scalar, vector, Dirac field and gravitational wave cases.
Hopf cyclic cohomology and Chern character of equivariant K-theories
Nikonov, I. M.; Sharygin, G. I.
2015-07-01
We extend the Chern character construction of Neshveyev and Tuset to a map whose values lie in Hopf cyclic homology with coefficients, generalizing their definition of K-theory as well. We also introduce the sheaf of equivariant K-theory (with and without coefficients) similar to the equivariant cohomology of Block and Getzler. This construction is much more geometric (it is defined only for the case in which the Hopf algebra and the Hopfmodule algebra are both algebras of functions on some spaces). Thus, we give a geometric definition of the corresponding Chern character, which takes values in a version of Block—Getzler's sheaf of equivariant cohomology.
Path-integral invariants in abelian Chern–Simons theory
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We consider the U(1) Chern–Simons gauge theory defined in a general closed oriented 3-manifold M; the functional integration is used to compute the normalized partition function and the expectation values of the link holonomies. The non-perturbative path-integral is defined in the space of the gauge orbits of the connections which belong to the various inequivalent U(1) principal bundles over M; the different sectors of configuration space are labelled by the elements of the first homology group of M and are characterized by appropriate background connections. The gauge orbits of flat connections, whose classification is also based on the homology group, control the non-perturbative contributions to the mean values. The functional integration is carried out in any 3-manifold M, and the corresponding path-integral invariants turn out to be strictly related with the abelian Reshetikhin–Turaev surgery invariants
Zadeh, S Rostam
2016-01-01
We study simultaneous evolution of baryon and the first generation lepton asymmetries and long range hypermagnetic fields in the temperature range $T_{EW} \\sim 100$GeV$\\leq T \\leq 10$TeV, taking into account fermion number violation due to Abelian anomalies and the chirality flip reactions via inverse Higgs decays. More importantly, in addition to the usual contribution of the first generation leptonic chemical potentials, in this paper we also take into account the contribution of baryonic chemical potentials to the U$_\\textrm{Y}$(1) Chern-Simons term which affects the evolution equations through AMHD equations. We solve the coupled equations for the fermion asymmetries and the hypermagnetic field to obtain their evolution as well as their final values at $T=T_{EW}$ for various critical ranges of initial values, and compare our results with those of our previous study. We find that, strong hypermagnetic fields make the asymmetries grow from their zero initial values. However, the final asymmetries are about ...
Passage from scalar to vector optics and the Mukunda-Simon-Sudarshan theory for paraxial systems
Khan, Sameen Ahmed
2016-09-01
The way to generalize scalar to wave optics, thus including polarization in the treatment consistent with the Maxwell equations was shown by Mukunda, Simon and Sudarshan for paraxial systems, based on a group theoretical analysis. Here, the Mukunda-Simon-Sudarshan (MSS) theory for the passage from scalar to vector optics is derived by casting the basic formalism in a framework very similar to the Dirac electron theory. The resulting formalism is suitable for extending the MSS-theory beyond the paraxial approximation.
Quantitative K-Theory Related to Spin Chern Numbers
Loring, Terry A.
2014-07-01
We examine the various indices defined on pairs of almost commuting unitary matrices that can detect pairs that are far from commuting pairs. We do this in two symmetry classes, that of general unitary matrices and that of self-dual matrices, with an emphasis on quantitative results. We determine which values of the norm of the commutator guarantee that the indices are defined, where they are equal, and what quantitative results on the distance to a pair with a different index are possible. We validate a method of computing spin Chern numbers that was developed with Hastings and only conjectured to be correct. Specifically, the Pfaffian-Bott index can be computed by the ''log method'' for commutator norms up to a specific constant.
Three dimensional lattice gravity as supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Catterall, Simon
2010-01-01
We argue that a certain twisted supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in three dimensions with gauge group SU(2) possesses a set of topological observables whose expectation values can be computed in a related Chern Simons theory. This Chern Simons theory has been proposed as a definition of three dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity. Since the YM theory admits a discretization which preserves the values of topological observables we conjecture that it can be used as a non-perturbative definition...
Higher Spin Lifshitz Theory and Integrable Systems
Gutperle, Michael; Li, Yi
2014-01-01
In this note we construct asymptotically Lifshitz spacetimes in the Chern-Simons formulation of three dimensional higher spin gravity and relate the resulting theories to integrable systems which are elements of the KdV hierarchy.
A loop group extension of the odd Chern character
Wilson, Scott O.
2016-04-01
We show that the universal odd Chern form, defined on the stable unitary group U, extends to the loop group LU as an equivariantly closed differential form. This provides an odd analogue to the Bismut-Chern form that appears in supersymmetric field theories. We also describe the associated transgression form, the so-called Bismut-Chern-Simons form, and explicate some properties it inherits as a differential form on the space of maps of a cylinder into the stable unitary group. As one corollary, we show that in a precise sense the spectral flow of a loop of self adjoint Fredholm operators equals the lowest degree component of the Bismut-Chern-Simons form, and the latter, when restricted to cylinders which are tori, is an equivariantly closed extension of spectral flow. As another corollary, we construct the Chern character homomorphism from odd K-theory to the periodic cohomology of the free loop space, represented geometrically on the level of differential forms.
Canizares, Priscilla; Sopuerta, Carlos F
2012-01-01
[abridged] The detection of gravitational waves from extreme-mass-ratio (EMRI) binaries, comprising a stellar-mass compact object orbiting around a massive black hole, is one of the main targets for low-frequency gravitational-wave detectors in space, like the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA or eLISA/NGO). The long-duration gravitational-waveforms emitted by such systems encode the structure of the strong field region of the massive black hole, in which the inspiral occurs. The detection and analysis of EMRIs will therefore allow us to study the geometry of massive black holes and determine whether their nature is as predicted by General Relativity and even to test whether General Relativity is the correct theory to describe the dynamics of these systems. To achieve this, EMRI modeling in alternative theories of gravity is required to describe the generation of gravitational waves. In this paper, we explore to what extent EMRI observations with LISA or eLISA/NGO might be able to distinguish between G...
Naked singularities, branes and Chern-Simons couplings: The dark side of the 2+1 black hole
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Branes are naked singularities, analogous to linear or planar defects in crystals. Zero-branes in AdS spacetimes are negative mass black holes, which can be generalized to higher-dimensional branes. When these solutions are endowed with angular momentum, the extremal spinning branes correspond to BPS states. On the other hand, the 2p-branes, spanning a (2p + 1)-dimensional worldsheet, provide a naturally coupling to CS field theories defined on a D-dimensional spacetime, with D > 2p + 1. In this picture, the field that lives in the D-dimensional spacetime, as well as the sources that couple to it are made out of the same stuff -an SO(D - 1,2) connection. The fact that on the brane the AdS group is necessarily broken down to SO(2p, 2), brings in a number of tensor fields that play the role of charged matter living on the brane.
Chern class identities from tadpole matching in type IIB and F-theory
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In light of Sen's weak coupling limit of F-theory as a type IIB orientifold, the compatibility of the tadpole conditions leads to a non-trivial identity relating the Euler characteristics of an elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfold and of certain related surfaces. We present the physical argument leading to the identity, and a mathematical derivation of a Chern class identity which confirms it, after taking into account singularities of the relevant loci. This identity of Chern classes holds in arbitrary dimension, and for varieties that are not necessarily Calabi-Yau. Singularities are essential in both the physics and the mathematics arguments: the tadpole relation may be interpreted as an identity involving stringy invariants of a singular hypersurface, and corrections for the presence of pinch-points. The mathematical discussion is streamlined by the use of Chern-Schwartz-MacPherson classes of singular varieties. We also show how the main identity may be obtained by applying 'Verdier specialization' to suitable constructible functions.
SIM(1)–VSR Maxwell–Chern–Simons electrodynamics
Bufalo, R.
2016-01-01
In this paper we propose a very special relativity (VSR)-inspired generalization of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) electrodynamics. This proposal is based upon the construction of a proper study of the SIM$(1)$--VSR gauge-symmetry. It is shown that the VSR nonlocal effects present a significant and health departure from the usual MCS theory. The classical dynamics is analysed in full detail, by studying the solution for the electric field and static energy for this configuration. Afterwards, ...
Studies in certain planar field theories
Scaria, T
2004-01-01
A detailed study of certain apspects of some 2+1 dimensional field theories is presented with special emphasis on the role of Wigner's little group for massless particles in generating gauge transformations. The planar models considered here include topologically massive gauge theories like Maxwell-Chern-Simons(MCS) and Einstein-Chern-Simons (ECS) theories, non-gauge theories such as Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Proca(MCSP) and Einstein-Pauli-Fierz(EPF) models and also the Stuckelberg embedded gauge invariant versions of many massive theories. Using polarization vectors/tensors, several interrelationships between various theories are uncovered and related issues are elucidated. It is shown that the translational subgroup of Wigner's little group for massless particles generate the momentum-space gauge transformations in all the Abelian gauge theories considered here. While the defining representation of the little group generates gauge transformations in massless gauge theories, a different representation is shown to...
Lectures on RCFT [Rational Conformal Field Theory
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We review some recent results in two dimensional Rational Conformal Field Theory. We discuss these theories as a generalization of group theory. The relation to a three dimensional topological theory is explained and the particle example of Chern-Simons-Witten theory is analyzed in detail. This study leads to a natural conjecture regarding the classification of all RCFT's. 62 refs
Novel BPS Wilson loops in three-dimensional quiver Chern–Simons-matter theories
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Hao Ouyang
2016-02-01
Full Text Available We show that generic three-dimensional N=2 quiver super Chern–Simons-matter theories admit Bogomol'nyi–Prasad–Sommerfield (BPS Drukker–Trancanelli (DT type Wilson loops. We investigate both Wilson loops along timelike infinite straight lines in Minkowski spacetime and circular Wilson loops in Euclidean space. In Aharnoy–Bergman–Jafferis–Maldacena theory, we find that generic BPS DT type Wilson loops preserve the same number of supersymmetries as Gaiotto–Yin type Wilson loops. There are several free parameters for generic BPS DT type Wilson loops in the construction, and supersymmetry enhancement for Wilson loops happens for special values of the parameters.
Study of Yang–Mills–Chern–Simons theory in presence of the Gribov horizon
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Canfora, Fabrizio, E-mail: canfora@cecs.cl [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECs), Valdivia (Chile); Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Republica 440, Santiago (Chile); Gomez, Arturo, E-mail: arturo.gomez@proyectos.uai.cl [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales y Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Viña del Mar. (Chile); Sorella, Silvio Paolo, E-mail: sorella@uerj.br [UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Instituto de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013, Maracaná, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Vercauteren, David, E-mail: vercauteren.uerj@gmail.com [UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Instituto de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013, Maracaná, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
2014-06-15
The two-point gauge correlation function in Yang–Mills–Chern–Simons theory in three dimensional Euclidean space is analysed by taking into account the non-perturbative effects of the Gribov horizon. In this way, we are able to describe the confinement and de-confinement regimes, which naturally depend on the topological mass and on the gauge coupling constant of the theory. -- Highlights: •We implement the Gribov quantization to the Topologically massive Yang–Mills theory. •We find a modified propagator at strong coupling by the Gribov horizon. •The gauge propagator depends on the topological mass and the coupling constant. •By studying the gauge propagator we describe the confined–deconfined regimes.
Effective actions of 2+1 dimensional gravity and BF theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We develop the perturbation theory of the BF theory, which is equivalent to 2+1 dimensional gravity without a cosmological constant if we take SO(1,2) as the gauge group. We show that the BF theory, which may have a Chern-Simons term, has only tree- or one loop connected Feynman diagrams and that the theory is completely finite (at all orders). We evaluate the effective actions of the BF theory and the generalized BF theory which has a 'cosmological constant' and show that quantum corrections lead to 'Chern-Simons terms', using a BRST invariant regularization based on Pauli-Villars. (author). 19 refs, 4 figs, 2 tabs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We elaborate on the suggestion made in arXiv:0806.3498 that the 3d N=8 superconformal SU(N) Chern-Simons-matter theory of 'Lorentzian' Bagger-Lambert-Gustavson type (L-BLG) can be obtained by a scaling limit (involving sending the level k to infinity and redefining the fields) from the N=6 superconformal U(N)xU(N) Chern-Simons-matter theory of Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis, and Maldacena (ABJM). We show that to implement such limit in a consistent way one is to extend the ABJM theory by an Abelian 'ghost' multiplet. The corresponding limit at the 3-algebra level also requires extending the nonantisymmetric Bagger-Lambert 3-algebra underlying the ABJM theory by a negative-norm generator. We draw analogy with similar scaling limits discussed previously for bosonic Chern-Simons theory and comment on some implications of this relation between the ABJM and L-BLG theories.
Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Topological Quantum Field Theory
Ivancevic, Vladimir G.; Ivancevic, Tijana T.
2008-01-01
These third-year lecture notes are designed for a 1-semester course in topological quantum field theory (TQFT). Assumed background in mathematics and physics are only standard second-year subjects: multivariable calculus, introduction to quantum mechanics and basic electromagnetism. Keywords: quantum mechanics/field theory, path integral, Hodge decomposition, Chern-Simons and Yang-Mills gauge theories, conformal field theory
Duality in Noncommutative Topologically Massive Gauge Field Theory Revisited
Cantcheff, M B; Minces, Pablo
2003-01-01
We introduce a master action in noncommutative space, out of which we obtain the action of the noncommutative Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory. Then, performing calculations to the first non-trivial order in the noncommutative parameter, we compute the corresponding dual theory, which happens to be, precisely, the action obtained from the usual commutative Self-Dual model by generalizing the Chern-Simons term to its noncommutative version, including a cubic term. Since this resulting theory is also equivalent to the noncommutative massive Thirring model in the large fermion mass limit, we obtain, as a byproduct, the generalization to noncommutative space of the bosonization in three dimensions. Our result also strongly contributes to solve ambiguities arising when defining the generalizations to noncommutative space of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and the Self-Dual model.
Higher derivative extensions of 3 d Chern–Simons models: conservation laws and stability
Kaparulin, D. S.; Karataeva, I. Yu.; Lyakhovich, S. L.
2015-01-01
We consider the class of higher derivative $3d$ vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For $n$-th order theory of this type, we provide a general receipt for constructing $n$-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameter...
On The Quantum Theory of Hall Effect
Ghaboussi, F.
1996-01-01
We discuss a model of both classical and integer quantum Hall-effect which is based on a semi-classical Schroedinger-Chern-Simons-action, where the Ohm-equations result as equations of motion. The quantization of the classical Chern-Simons-part of action under typical quantum Hall conditions results in the quantized Hall conductivity. We show further that the classical Hall-effect is described by a theory which arises as the classical limit of a theory of quantum Hall-effect. The model explai...
Composite particle and field theory in atomic quantum Hall effect
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhao Bo; Chen Zeng-Bing
2005-01-01
In this paper, we explore the composite particle description of the atomic quantum Hall (QH) effect. We further give the Chern-Simon-Gross-Pitaevskii (CSGP) effective theory for the atomic Hall liquid, which is the counterpart of Chern-Simon theory in electron Hall effect. What we obtained is equivalent to the Laughlin wavefunction approach.Our results show that in terms of composite particles, the atomic Hall effect is really the same as the electronic QH effect. The CSGP effective theory would shed new light on the atomic QH effect.
Gauge theories of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian superalgebras
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Symplectic diffeomorphisms of a class of supermanifolds and the associated infinite dimensional Hamiltonian superalgebras, H(2M,N) are discussed. Applications to strings, membranes and higher spin field theories are considered: The embedding of the Ramond superconformal algebra in H(2,1) is obtained. The Chern-Simons gauge theory of symplectic super-diffeomorphisms is constructed. (author). 29 refs
Research program in elementary particle theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Syracuse High Energy Theory group has continued to make significant contributions to many areas. Many novel aspects of Chern-Simons terms and effective Lagrangians were investigated. Various interesting aspects of quantum gravity and string theory were explored. Gauge models of elementary particles were studied in depth. The investigations of QCD at finite temperatures and multiply connected configuration spaces continued. 24 refs
The Chern Character of Certain Infinite Rank Bundles arising in Gauge Theory
Mickelsson, Jouko
2012-01-01
A cocycle $\\Omega: P \\times G \\to H$ taking values in a Lie group $H$ for a free right action of $G$ on $P$ defines a principal bundle $Q$ with the structure group $H$ over $P/G.$ The Chern character of a vector bundle associated to $Q$ defines then characteristic classes on $X.$ This observation becomes useful in the case of infinite dimensional groups. It typically happens that a representation of $G$ is not given by linear operators which differ from the indentity by a trace-class operator. For this reason the Chern character of a vector bundle associated to the principal fibration $P \\to P/G$ is ill-defined. But it may happen that the Lie algebra representations of the group $H$ are given in terms of trace-class operators and therefore the Chern character is well-defined; this observation is useful especially if the map $g\\mapsto \\Omega(p;g)$ is a homotopy equivalence on the image for any $p\\in P.$ We apply this method to the case $P= \\Cal A,$ the space of gauge connections in a finite-dimensional vector ...
Infinitesimal Theory of Chow Groups via K-theory, Cyclic Homology and the Relative Chern Character
Dribus, Benjamin; Hoffman, Jerome William; Yang, Sen
2015-01-01
We examine the tangent groups at the identity, and more generally the formal completions at the identity, of the Chow groups of algebraic cycles on a nonsingular quasiprojective algebraic variety over a field of characteristic zero. We settle a question recently raised by Mark Green and Phillip Griffiths concerning the existence of Bloch-Gersten-Quillen-type resolutions of algebraic K-theory sheaves on infinitesimal thickenings of nonsingular varieties, and the relationships between these seq...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We define Hermitian (ϵ,δ)-Freudenthal-Kantor triple systems and prove a structure theorem. We also give some examples of triple systems that are generalizations of the u(N)⊕u(M) and sp(2N)⊕u(1) Hermitian 3-algebras. We apply a *-generalized Jordan triple system to a field theory and obtain a Chern-Simons gauge theory. We find that the novel Higgs mechanism works, where the Chern-Simons gauge theory reduces to a Yang-Mills theory in a certain limit
Suwa, Tatsuo; 諏訪, 立雄
2003-01-01
If we have a finite number of sections of a complex vector bundle E over a manifold M, certain Chern classes of E are localized at the singular set S, i.e., the set of points where the sections fail to be linearly independent. When S is compact, the localizations define the residues at each connected component of S by the Alexander duality. If M itself is compact, the sum of the residues is equal to the Poincaré dual of the corresponding Chern class. This type of theory is also developed for ...
Suwa, Tatsuo
2003-01-01
If we have a finite number of sections of a complex vector bundle $E$ over a manifold $M$ , certain Chern classes of $E$ are localized at the singular set $S$ , i.e., the set of points where the sections fail to be linearly independent. When $S$ is compact, the localizations define the residues at each connected component of $S$ by the Alexander duality. If $M$ itself is compact, the sum of the residues is equal to the Poincaré dual of the corresponding Chern class. This type of theory is als...
‘Quantum hairs’ and entropy of the quantum isolated horizon from Chern–Simons theory
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We articulate the fact that the loop quantum gravity (LQG) description of the quantum macrostates of black hole horizons, modeled as quantum isolated horizons (QIHs), is completely characterized in terms of two independent integer-valued ‘quantum hairs’, viz, the coupling constant (k) of the quantum SU(2) Chern–Simons (CS) theory describing QIH dynamics, and the number of punctures (N) produced by the bulk spin network edges piercing the isolated horizon (which act as pointlike sources for the CS fields). We demonstrate that the microcanonical entropy of macroscopic (both parameters assuming very large values) QIHs can be obtained directly from the microstates of this CS theory using standard statistical mechanical methods, without having to additionally postulate the horizon as an ideal gas of punctures, or incorporate any additional classical or semiclassical input from general relativity vis-a-vis the functional dependence of the isolated horizon mass on its area, or indeed, without having to restrict to any special class of spins. Requiring the validity of the Bekenstein–Hawking area law relates these two parameters (as an equilibrium ‘equation of state’), and consequently allows the Barbero–Immirzi parameter to take any real and positive value depending on the value of k/N. The logarithmic correction to the area law obtained a decade ago by R Kaul and one of us (PM), ensues straightforwardly, with precisely the coefficient −3/2, making it a signature of the LQG approach to black hole entropy. (paper)
Probing Wilson loops in N=4 Chern–Simons-matter theories at weak coupling
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Luca Griguolo
2016-02-01
Full Text Available For three-dimensional N=4 super-Chern–Simons-matter theories associated to necklace quivers U(N0×U(N1×⋯U(N2r−1, we study at quantum level the two kinds of 1/2 BPS Wilson loop operators recently introduced in arXiv:1506.07614. We perform a two-loop evaluation and find the same result for the two kinds of operators, so moving to higher loops a possible quantum uplift of the classical degeneracy. We also compute the 1/4 BPS bosonic Wilson loop and discuss the quantum version of the cohomological equivalence between fermionic and bosonic Wilson loops. We compare the perturbative result with the Matrix Model prediction and find perfect matching, after identification and remotion of a suitable framing factor. Finally, we discuss the potential appearance of three-loop contributions that might break the classical degeneracy and briefly analyze possible implications on the BPS nature of these operators.
Research program in elementary particle theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we give a brief account of the work of the group during the past year. The topics covered here include (1) Effective Lagrangians and Solitons; (2) Chern-Simons and Conformal Field Theories; (3) Spin and Statistics; (4) The Standard Model and Beyond; (5) Non-Abelian Monopoles; (6) The Inflationary Universe; (7) The Hubbard Model, and (8) Miscellaneous
Gromov-Witten theory and Donaldson-Thomas theory, I
Maulik, D.; Nekrasov, N.; Okounkov, A.; Pandharipande, R.
2003-01-01
We conjecture an equivalence between the Gromov-Witten theory of 3-folds and the holomorphic Chern-Simons theory of Donaldson-Thomas. For Calabi-Yau 3-folds, the equivalence is defined by the change of variables, exp(iu)=-q, where u is the genus parameter of GW theory and q is charge parameter of DT theory. The conjecture is proven for local Calabi-Yau toric surfaces.
Topics in low-dimensional field theory
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Crescimanno, M.J.
1991-04-30
Conformal field theory is a natural tool for understanding two- dimensional critical systems. This work presents results in the lagrangian approach to conformal field theory. The first sections are chiefly about a particular class of field theories called coset constructions and the last part is an exposition of the connection between two-dimensional conformal theory and a three-dimensional gauge theory whose lagrangian is the Chern-Simons density.
Topics in low-dimensional field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Conformal field theory is a natural tool for understanding two- dimensional critical systems. This work presents results in the lagrangian approach to conformal field theory. The first sections are chiefly about a particular class of field theories called coset constructions and the last part is an exposition of the connection between two-dimensional conformal theory and a three-dimensional gauge theory whose lagrangian is the Chern-Simons density
Sato, Matsuo; Kamiya, Noriaki
2014-01-01
We define Hermitian (ϵ,δ) -Freudenthal-Kantor triple systems and prove a structure theorem. We also give some examples of triple systems that are generalizations of the u(N)⊕u(M) and sp(2N)⊕u(1) Hermitian 3-algebras. We apply a * -generalized Jordan triple system to a field theory and obtain a Chern-Simons gauge theory. We find that the novel Higgs mechanism works, where the Chern-Simons gauge theory reduces to a Yang-Mills theory in a certain limit.
Higher Order Theories and Noncommutativity
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In this work we show a relationship between noncommutativity and higher order theories. Starting from an extension of the Chern-Simons model with higher order time derivatives and using perturbation theory, we found that this model contains intrinsically noncommutativity in the velocities and coordinates. We solve the model both at the classical and quantum level and we show the implications of the noncommutativity in the theory.
Phase diagram of 4D field theories with chiral anomaly from holography
Ammon, Martin; Leiber, Julian; Macedo, Rodrigo P.
2016-03-01
Within gauge/gravity duality, we study the class of four dimensional CFTs with chiral anomaly described by Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in five dimensions. In particular we determine the phase diagram at finite temperature, chemical potential and magnetic field. At high temperatures the solution is given by an electrically and magnetically charged AdS Reissner-Nordstroem black brane. For sufficiently large Chern-Simons coupling and at sufficiently low temperatures and small magnetic fields, we find a new phase with helical order, breaking translational invariance spontaneously. For the Chern-Simons couplings studied, the phase transition is second order with mean field exponents. Since the entropy density vanishes in the limit of zero temperature we are confident that this is the true ground state which is the holographic version of a chiral magnetic spiral.
Phase diagram of 4D field theories with chiral anomaly from holography
Ammon, Martin; Macedo, Rodrigo P
2016-01-01
Within gauge/gravity duality, we study the class of four dimensional CFTs with chiral anomaly described by Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in five dimensions. In particular we determine the phase diagram at finite temperature, chemical potential and magnetic field. At high temperatures the solution is given by an electrically and magnetically charged AdS Reissner-Nordstroem black brane. For sufficiently large Chern-Simons coupling and at sufficiently low temperatures and small magnetic fields, we find a new phase with helical order, breaking translational invariance spontaneously. For the Chern-Simons couplings studied, the phase transition is second order with mean field exponents. Since the entropy density vanishes in the limit of zero temperature we are confident that this is the true ground state which is the holographic version of a chiral magnetic spiral.
Effective actions in ${\\cal N}$=1, D5 supersymmetric gauge theories: harmonic superspace approach
Buchbinder, I L
2015-01-01
We consider the off-shell formulation of the 5D, $ {\\cal N}$=1 super Yang-Mills and super Chern-Simons theories in harmonic superspace. Using such a formulation we develop a manifestly supersymmetric and gauge invariant approach to constructing the one-loop effective action both in super Yang-Mills and super Chern-Simons models. On the base of this approach we compute the leading low-energy quantum contribution to the effective action on the Abelian vector multiplet background. This contribution corresponds to $F^4$ invariant which is given in 5D superfield form.
The entropy of isolated horizons in non-minimally coupling scalar field theory from BF theory
Wang, Jingbo
2015-01-01
In this paper, the entropy of isolated horizons in non-minimally coupling scalar field theory and in the scalar-tensor theory of gravitation is calculated by counting the degree of freedom of quantum states in loop quantum gravity. Instead of boundary Chern-Simons theory, the boundary BF theory is used. The advantages of the new approaches are that no spherical symmetry is needed, and that the final result matches exactly with the Wald entropy formula.
5-brane webs, symmetry enhancement, and duality in 5d supersymmetric gauge theory
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We present a number of investigations of 5d N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories that make use of 5-brane web constructions and the 5d superconformal index. These include an observation of enhanced global symmetry in the 5d fixed point theory corresponding to SU(N) gauge theory with Chern-Simons level ±N, enhanced global symmetries in quiver theories, and dualities between quiver theories and non-quiver theories. Instanton contributions play a crucial role throughout
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We begin with a general discussion of topological field theories, their defining properties, and classification. The first model we consider in detail (section 3) is supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Topological sigma models, their observables, and the associated mathematics of complex geometry and intersection theory are presented in section 4. Following this, topological gauge theories are discussed in section 5, with particular emphasis on Donaldson theory. The matematics here is necessarily much more sophisticated than at any other point in this report, and to bridge this gap, a mathematical review of gauge theory and moduli spaces has been included. An analysis of the geometry underlying Donaldson theory gives a general recipe for constructing field theories associated to moduli spaces in arbitrary dimensions, and as an example, we analyze in detail the super BF theories associated with flat connections. Chern-Simons theory and related BF models are the subject of section 6. The connections with knot theory are briefly reviewed and the link with 2D conformal field theory is sketched. We also consider 3D gravity from the Chern-Simons point of view. A presentation of the metric and gauge theory approaches to topological gravity in two dimensions is given. As in all quantum field theories, the issues of renormalization needs to be addressed, and one is obliged to show that the formal topological properties of these theories survive quantization. This point is considered in section 8. We present a detailed analysis of the beta function in certain Witten type theories, and compute one-loop effects in Chern-Simons theory. (orig./HSI)
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Birmingham, D. (CERN, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.); Blau, M. (CNRS, 13 - Marseille (France). Centre de Physique Theorique NIKHEF-H, Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Rakowski, M.; Thompson, G. (Mainz Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik)
1991-12-01
We begin with a general discussion of topological field theories, their defining properties, and classification. The first model we consider in detail (section 3) is supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Topological sigma models, their observables, and the associated mathematics of complex geometry and intersection theory are presented in section 4. Following this, topological gauge theories are discussed in section 5, with particular emphasis on Donaldson theory. The matematics here is necessarily much more sophisticated than at any other point in this report, and to bridge this gap, a mathematical review of gauge theory and moduli spaces has been included. An analysis of the geometry underlying Donaldson theory gives a general recipe for constructing field theories associated to moduli spaces in arbitrary dimensions, and as an example, we analyze in detail the super BF theories associated with flat connections. Chern-Simons theory and related BF models are the subject of section 6. The connections with knot theory are briefly reviewed and the link with 2D conformal field theory is sketched. We also consider 3D gravity from the Chern-Simons point of view. A presentation of the metric and gauge theory approaches to topological gravity in two dimensions is given. As in all quantum field theories, the issues of renormalization needs to be addressed, and one is obliged to show that the formal topological properties of these theories survive quantization. This point is considered in section 8. We present a detailed analysis of the beta function in certain Witten type theories, and compute one-loop effects in Chern-Simons theory. (orig./HSI).
Entanglement Entropy in Warped Conformal Field Theories
Castro, Alejandra; Iqbal, Nabil
2015-01-01
We present a detailed discussion of entanglement entropy in (1+1)-dimensional Warped Conformal Field Theories (WCFTs). We implement the Rindler method to evaluate entanglement and Renyi entropies for a single interval and along the way we interpret our results in terms of twist field correlation functions. Holographically a WCFT can be described in terms of Lower Spin Gravity, a SL(2,R)xU(1) Chern-Simons theory in three dimensions. We show how to obtain the universal field theory results for entanglement in a WCFT via holography. For the geometrical description of the theory we introduce the concept of geodesic and massive point particles in the warped geometry associated to Lower Spin Gravity. In the Chern-Simons description we evaluate the appropriate Wilson line that captures the dynamics of a massive particle.
Entanglement entropy in warped conformal field theories
Castro, Alejandra; Hofman, Diego M.; Iqbal, Nabil
2016-02-01
We present a detailed discussion of entanglement entropy in (1+1)-dimensional Warped Conformal Field Theories (WCFTs). We implement the Rindler method to evaluate entanglement and Renyi entropies for a single interval and along the way we interpret our results in terms of twist field correlation functions. Holographically a WCFT can be described in terms of Lower Spin Gravity, a SL (2, ℝ) × U (1) Chern-Simons theory in three dimensions. We show how to obtain the universal field theory results for entanglement in a WCFT via holography. For the geometrical description of the theory we introduce the concept of geodesic and massive point particles in the warped geometry associated to Lower Spin Gravity. In the Chern-Simons description we evaluate the appropriate Wilson line that captures the dynamics of a massive particle.
Mariño, Marcos; Putrov, Pavel
2012-03-01
The partition function on the 3-sphere of many supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories reduces, by localization, to a matrix model. We develop a new method to study these models in the M-theory limit, but at all orders in the 1/N expansion. The method is based on reformulating the matrix model as the partition function of an ideal Fermi gas with a non-trivial, one-particle quantum Hamiltonian. This new approach leads to a completely elementary derivation of the N3/2 behavior for ABJM theory and {N}=3 quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories. In addition, the full series of 1/N corrections to the original matrix integral can be simply determined by a next-to-leading calculation in the WKB or semiclassical expansion of the quantum gas, and we show that, for several quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories, it is given by an Airy function. This generalizes a recent result of Fuji, Hirano and Moriyama for ABJM theory. It turns out that the semiclassical expansion of the Fermi gas corresponds to a strong coupling expansion in type IIA theory, and it is dual to the genus expansion. This allows us to calculate explicitly non-perturbative effects due to D0- and D2-brane instantons in the AdS background.
Conformal Invariance in Classical Field Theory
Grigore, D. R.
1993-01-01
A geometric generalization of first-order Lagrangian formalism is used to analyse a conformal field theory for an arbitrary primary field. We require that global conformal transformations are Noetherian symmetries and we prove that the action functional can be taken strictly invariant with respect to these transformations. In other words, there does not exists a "Chern-Simons" type Lagrangian for a conformally invariant Lagrangian theory.
Symmetries of topological field theories in the BV-framework
Gieres, F.; Grimstrup, J. M.; Nieder, H.; Pisar, T.; Schweda, M.
2001-01-01
Topological field theories of Schwarz-type generally admit symmetries whose algebra does not close off-shell, e.g. the basic symmetries of BF models or vector supersymmetry of the gauge-fixed action for Chern-Simons theory (this symmetry being at the origin of the perturbative finiteness of the theory). We present a detailed discussion of all these symmetries within the algebraic approach to the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism. Moreover, we discuss the general algebraic construction of topologic...
Davey, John; Mekareeya, Noppadol; Torri, Giuseppe
2009-01-01
Connections between different M2-brane theories are established via the Higgs mechanism, which can be most efficiently studied on brane tilings. This leads to several M2-brane models, with brane tilings or Chern-Simons levels which have not been considered so far. The moduli spaces of these models are identified and examined in detail. The toric diagrams are constructed using Kasteleyn matrices and the forward algorithm.
Marino, Marcos
2011-01-01
The partition function on the three-sphere of many supersymmetric Chern-Simons-matter theories reduces, by localization, to a matrix model. We develop a new method to study these models in the M-theory limit, but at all orders in the 1/N expansion. The method is based on reformulating the matrix model as the partition function of an ideal Fermi gas with a non-trivial, one-particle quantum Hamiltonian. This new approach leads to a completely elementary derivation of the N^{3/2} behavior for ABJM theory and other quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories. In addition, the full series of 1/N corrections to the original matrix integral can be simply determined by a next-to-leading calculation in the WKB or semiclassical expansion of the quantum gas, and we show that, for several quiver Chern-Simons-matter theories, it is given by an Airy function. This generalizes a recent result of Fuji, Hirano and Moriyama for ABJM theory. It turns out that the semiclassical expansion of the Fermi gas corresponds to a strong coupling...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hal M. Haggard
2015-11-01
Full Text Available We study the expectation value of a nonplanar Wilson graph operator in SL(2,C Chern–Simons theory on S3. In particular we analyze its asymptotic behavior in the double-scaling limit in which both the representation labels and the Chern–Simons coupling are taken to be large, but with fixed ratio. When the Wilson graph operator has a specific form, motivated by loop quantum gravity, the critical point equations obtained in this double-scaling limit describe a very specific class of flat connection on the graph complement manifold. We find that flat connections in this class are in correspondence with the geometries of constant curvature 4-simplices. The result is fully non-perturbative from the perspective of the reconstructed geometry. We also show that the asymptotic behavior of the amplitude contains, at the leading order, an oscillatory part proportional to the Regge action for the single 4-simplex in the presence of a cosmological constant. In particular, the cosmological term contains the full-fledged curved volume of the 4-simplex. Interestingly, the volume term stems from the asymptotics of the Chern–Simons action. This can be understood as arising from the relation between Chern–Simons theory on the boundary of a region, and a theory defined by an F2 action in the bulk. Another peculiarity of our approach is that the sign of the curvature of the reconstructed geometry, and hence of the cosmological constant in the Regge action, is not fixed a priori, but rather emerges semiclassically and dynamically from the solution of the equations of motion. In other words, this work suggests a relation between 4-dimensional loop quantum gravity with a cosmological constant and SL(2,C Chern–Simons theory in 3 dimensions with knotted graph defects.
A novel supersymmetry in 2-dimensional Yang-Mills theory on Riemann surfaces
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We find a novel supersymmetry in 2-dimensional Maxwell and Yang-Mills theories. Using this supersymmetry, it is shown that the 2-dimensional Euclidean pure gauge theory on a closed Riemann surface Σ can be reduced to a topological field theory which is the 3-dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theory in the special space-time topology Σ x R. Related problems are also discussed. (author)
Super-Galilei invariant field theories in 2+1 dimensions
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The authors extend the Galilei group of space-time transformations by gradation, construct interacting field-theoretic representations of this algebra, and show that non-relativistic Super-Chern-Simons theory is a special case. They also study the generalization to matrix valued fields, which are relevant to the formulation of superstring theory as a 1/Nc expansion of a field theory. The authors find that in the matrix case, the field theory is much more restricted by the supersymmetry
Wörterbuchregister. Grundlagen einer Theorie der Register in modernen Printwörterbüchern
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Herbert Ernst Wiegand
2011-10-01
ANGABENSTRUKTUR,ZENTRALE ALPHABETISCHE REGISTERZUGRIFFSSTRUKTUR, REGISTEREINGANG,REGISTERVERWEISANGABE, REGISTERVERWEISEINTRAG, REGISTERZUGRIFFSSTRUKTUR,WÖRTERBUCHREGISTER, ZUGRIFFSREGISTER
Abstract: Dictionary Indexes. Foundations of a Theory of Indexes in Modern-day Printed Dictionaries. This article presents the concepts needed for the analysis and development of all existing and future dictionary indexes according to a uniform theoretical perspective regarding their structures, functions and typology. For this purpose, the accessible index entries are examined. Numerous types of index entries are distinguished, e.g. according to the number and types of index items, the reduced, the complete, the single, the expanded and the enriched index entries, as well as according to the mediostructural orientation, among others the single and the multiple externally oriented index entries. For the index entry structures, hierarchical index internal constituent structures, hierarchical index internal microstructures, index internal addressing structures as well as hierarchical index internal item structures are introduced. Furthermore a typology of index access structures is presented in which, among others, mediostructural are distinguished from the non-mediostructural index access structures and both types are extensively subtypologised. On the basis of the different features and parts of indexes a typology of indexes is proposed. In conclusion, the functions of indexes are examined and, by using examples, the aspects of indexes worthy of criticism are shown.
Keywords: ACCESS INDEX, ACCESSIBLE INDEX ENTRY, CENTRAL ALPHABETICALINDEX ACCESS STRUCTURE, DICTIONARY INDEX, EXPANDED INDEX ENTRY, EXTERNALDATA ACCESSIBILITY, HIERARCHICAL INDEX INTERNAL MICROSTRUCTURE, INDEXACCESS STRUCTURE, INDEX ENTRY, INDEX FUNCTION, INDEX INTERNAL ADDRESSINGSTRUCTURE, INDEX INTERNAL ITEM STRUCTURE, INDEX REFERENCE ENTRY, ITEMGIVING THE INDEX CROSS-REFERENCE, MEDIOSTRUCTURAL INDEX
String field theory at large B-field and noncommutative geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the search for the exact minimum of the tachyon potential in the Witten's cubic string field theory we try to learn as much as possible from the string field theory in the large B-field background. We offer a simple alternative proof of the Witten's factorization, carry out the analysis of string field equations also for the noncommutative torus and find some novel relations to the algebraic K-theory. We note an intriguing relation between Chern-Simons and Chern classes of two noncommutative bundles. Finally we observe a certain pattern which enables us to make a plausible conjecture about the exact form of the minimum. (author)
Non-analyticities in three-dimensional gauge theories
Asorey, M; López, J L
2004-01-01
Quantum fluctuations generate in three-dimensional gauge theories not only radiative corrections to the Chern-Simons coupling but also non-analytic terms in the effective action. We review the role of those terms in gauge theories with massless fermions and Chern-Simons theories. The explicit form of non-analytic terms turns out to be dependent on the regularization scheme and in consequence the very existence of phenomena like parity and framing anomalies becomes regularization dependent. In particular we find regularization regimes where both anomalies are absent. Due to the presence of non-analytic terms the effective action becomes not only discontinuous but also singular for some background gauge fields which include sphalerons. The appearence of this type of singularities is linked to the existence of nodal configurations in physical states and tunneling suppression at some classical field configurations. In the topological field theory the number of physical states may also become regularization depend...
Higher-Spin Theory - Part II: enter dimension three
Gómez, Gustavo Lucena
2013-01-01
These notes aim at providing a pedagogical and pedestrian introduction to the subject and assume no previous knowledge apart from that of general relativity. We shall first recall the "frame" formulation of the later theory, then particularize it to three dimensions, and will end those preliminaries by reviewing the formulation of three-dimensional gravity as a gauge theory governed by a Chern-Simons action. An analogous path is then followed for higher-spin fields at the free level. Once the equivalent Chern-Simons action is established thereof, it is then explained how one can formulate three-dimensional higher-spin theories \\emph{at the non-linear level} by considering higher-spin Lie algebras. We then move on to commenting on what has already been done in the context of these theories and what interesting areas of research are currently under investigation.
Supersymmetric QFT, Super Loop Spaces and Bismut-Chern Character
Han, Fei
2007-01-01
In this paper, we give a quantum interpretation of the Bismut-Chern character form (the loop space lifting of the Chern character form) as well as the Chern character form associated to a complex vector bundle with connection over a smooth manifold in the framework of supersymmetric quantum field theories developed by Stolz and Teichner \\cite{ST07}. We show that the Bismut-Chern character form comes up via a loop-deloop process when one goes from $1|1$D theory over a manifold down to a $0|1$D...
The Gauss-Bonnet-Chern Theorem on Riemannian Manifolds
Li, Yin
2011-01-01
This expository paper contains a detailed introduction to some important works concerning the Gauss-Bonnet-Chern theorem. The study of this theorem has a long history dating back to Gauss's The- orema Egregium (Latin: Remarkable Theorem) and culminated in Chern's groundbreaking work [14] in 1944, which is a deep and won- derful application of Elie Cartan's formalism. The idea and tools in [14] have a great generalization and continue to produce important results till today. In this paper, we give four different proofs of the Gauss-Bonnet-Chern theorem on Riemannian manifolds, namely Chern's simple intrinsic proof, a topological proof, Mathai-Quillen's Thom form proof and McKean-Singer-Patodi's heat equation proof. These proofs are related with remarkable developments in differential geometry such as the Chern-Weil theory, theory of characteristic classes, Mathai-Quillen's formalism and the Atiyah-Singer index theorem. It is through these brilliant achievements the great importance and influence of Chern's ins...
Electric/magnetic duality for chiral gauge theories with anomaly cancellation
De Rydt, Jan; Schmidt, Torsten T.; Trigiante, Mario; Proeyen, Antoine; Zagermann, Marco
2008-01-01
We show that 4D gauge theories with Green-Schwarz anomaly cancellation and possible generalized Chern-Simons terms admit a formulation that is manifestly covariant with respect to electric/magnetic duality transformations. This generalizes previous work on the symplectically covariant formulation of anomaly-free gauge theories as they typically occur in extended supergravity, and now also includes general theories with (pseudo-)anomalous gauge interactions as they may occur in global or local...
Symmetry analysis for anisotropic field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Parra, Lorena; Vergara, J. David [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria. Delg. Coyoacan. C.P. 04510 Mexico DF (Mexico)
2012-08-24
The purpose of this paper is to study with the help of Noether's theorem the symmetries of anisotropic actions for arbitrary fields which generally depend on higher order spatial derivatives, and to find the corresponding current densities and the Noether charges. We study in particular scale invariance and consider the cases of higher derivative extensions of the scalar field, electrodynamics and Chern-Simons theory.
Supersymmetric theories on squashed five-sphere
Imamura, Yosuke
2012-01-01
We construct supersymmetric theories on the SU(3)xU(1) symmetric squashed five-sphere with 2, 4, 6, and 12 supercharges. We first determine the Killing equation by dimensional reduction from 6d, and use Noether procedure to construct actions. The supersymmetric Yang-Mills action is straightforwardly obtained from the supersymmetric Chern-Simons action by using a supersymmetry preserving constant vector multiplet.
Lattice Perturbation Theory in Noncommutative Geometry and Parity Anomaly in 3D Noncommutative QED
Nishimura, J
2003-01-01
We formulate lattice perturbation theory for gauge theories in noncommutative geometry. We apply it to three-dimensional noncommutative QED and calculate the effective action induced by Dirac fermions. In particular "parity invariance" of a massless theory receives an anomaly expressed by the noncommutative Chern-Simons action. The coefficient of the anomaly is labelled by an integer depending on the lattice action, which is a noncommutative counterpart of the phenomenon known in the commutative theory. The parity anomaly can also be obtained using Ginsparg-Wilson fermions, where the masslessness is guaranteed at finite lattice spacing. This suggests a natural definition of the lattice-regularized Chern-Simons theory on a noncommutative torus, which could enable nonperturbative studies of quantum Hall systems.
Topological field theories on manifolds with Wu structures
Monnier, Samuel
2016-01-01
We construct invertible field theories generalizing abelian prequantum spin Chern-Simons theory to manifolds of dimension 4k+3 endowed with a Wu structure of degree 2k+2. After analysing the anomalies of a certain discrete symmetry, we gauge it, producing topological field theories whose path integral reduces to a finite sum, akin to Dijkgraaf-Witten theories. We take a general point of view where the Chern-Simons gauge group and its couplings are encoded in a local system of integral lattices. The Lagrangian of these theories has to be interpreted as a class in a generalized cohomology theory in order to obtain a gauge invariant action. We develop a computationally friendly cochain model for this generalized cohomology and use it in a detailed study of the properties of the Wu Chern-Simons action. In the three-dimensional spin case, the latter provides a definition of the "fermionic correction" introduced recently in the literature on fermionic symmetry protected topological phases. In order to construct the...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study M-theory on two classes of manifolds of Spin(7) holonomy that are developing an isolated conical singularity. We construct explicitly a new class of Spin(7) manifolds and analyse in detail the topology of the corresponding classical spacetimes. We discover also an intricate interplay between various anomalies in M-theory, string theory, and gauge theory within these models, and in particular find a connection between half-integral G-fluxes in M-theory and Chern-Simons terms of the N=1, D=3 effective theory
Towards a common theory for learning from reward, affect, and motivation: The SIMON framework
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christopher R Madan
2013-10-01
Full Text Available While the effects of reward, affect, and motivation on learning have each developed into their own fields of research, they largely have been investigated in isolation. As all three of these constructs are highly related, and use similar experimental procedures, an important advance in research would be to consider the interplay between these constructs. Here we first define each of the three constructs, and then discuss how they may influence each other within a common framework. Finally, we delineate several sources of evidence supporting the framework. By considering the constructs of reward, affect, and motivation within a single framework, we can develop a better understanding of the processes involved in learning and how they interplay, and work towards a comprehensive theory that encompasses reward, affect, and motivation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.R. Setare
2016-08-01
Full Text Available The Chern–Simons-like theories of gravity (CSLTG are formulated at first order formalism. In this formalism, the derivation of the entropy of a black hole on bifurcation surface, as a quasi-local conserved charge is problematic. In this paper we overcome these problems by considering the concept of total variation and the Lorentz–Lie derivative. We firstly find an expression for the ADT conserved current in the context of the CSLTG which is based on the concept of the Killing vector fields. Then, we generalize it to be conserved for all diffeomorphism generators. Thus, we can extract an off-shell conserved charge for any vector field which generates a diffeomorphism. The formalism presented here is based on the concept of quasi-local conserved charges which are off-shell. The charges can be calculated on any codimension two space-like surface surrounding a black hole and the results are independent of the chosen surface. By using the off-shell quasi-local conserved charge, we investigate the Virasoro algebra and find a formula to calculate the central extension term. We apply the formalism to the BTZ black hole solution in the context of the Einstein gravity and the Generalized massive gravity, then we find the eigenvalues of their Virasoro generators as well as the corresponding central charges. Eventually, we calculate the entropy of the BTZ black hole by the Cardy formula and we show that the result exactly matches the one obtained by the concept of the off-shell conserved charges.
Towards U(N|M) knot invariant from ABJM theory
Eynard, Bertrand
2014-01-01
We study U(N|M) character expectation value with the supermatrix Chern-Simons theory, known as the ABJM matrix model, with emphasis on its connection to the knot invariant. This average just gives the half BPS circular Wilson loop expectation value in ABJM theory, which shall correspond to the unknot invariant. We derive the determinantal formula, which gives U(N|M) character expectation values in terms of U(1|1) averages for a particular type of character representations. This means that the U(1|1) character expectation value is a building block for all the U(N|M) averages, and in particular, by an appropriate limit, for the U(N) invariants. In addition to the original model, we introduce another supermatrix model obtained through the symplectic transform, which is motivated by the torus knot Chern-Simons matrix model. We obtain the Rosso-Jones-type formula and the spectral curve for this case.
Ward identities and gauge flow for M-theory in N =3 superspace
Upadhyay, Sudhaker
2015-09-01
We derive the Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST) symmetry, Slavnov-Taylor identities, and Nielsen identities for the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena theories in N =3 harmonic superspace. Further, the gauge dependence of one-particle irreducible amplitudes in this superconformal Chern-Simons theory is shown to be generated by a canonical flow with respect to the extended Slavnov-Taylor identity, induced by the extended BRST transformations (including the BRST transformations of the gauge parameters).
Kim, S; Yee, H U; Kim, Seok; Lee, Ki-Myeong; Yee, Ho-Ung
2006-01-01
To a domain wall or string object, Noether charge and topological spatial objects can be attracted, forming a composite BPS (Bogomolny-Prasad-Sommerfield) object. We consider two field theories and derive a new BPS bound on composite linear solitons involving multiple charges. Among the BPS objects `supertubes' appear when the wall or string tension is canceled by the bound energy, and could take an arbitrary closed curve. In our theories, supertubes manifest as Chern-Simons solitons, dyonic instantons, charged semi-local vortices, and dyonic instantons on vortex flux sheet.
Defects in G/H coset, G/G topological field theory and discrete Fourier-Mukai transform
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we construct defects in coset G/H theory. Canonical quantization of the gauged WZW model G/H with N defects on a cylinder and a strip is performed and the symplectomorphisms between the corresponding phase spaces and those of double Chern-Simons theory on an annulus and a disc with Wilson lines are established. Special attention to topological coset G/G has been paid. We prove that a G/G theory on a cylinder with N defects coincides with Chern-Simons theory on a torus times the time-line R with 2N Wilson lines. We have shown also that a G/G theory on a strip with N defects coincides with Chern-Simons theory on a sphere times the time-line R with 2N+4 Wilson lines. This particular example of topological field theory enables us to penetrate into a general picture of defects in semisimple 2D topological field theory. We conjecture that defects in this case described by a 2-category of matrices of vector spaces and that the action of defects on boundary states is given by the discrete Fourier-Mukai transform.
Euclidean D-branes and higher-dimensional gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider euclidean D-branes wrapping around manifolds of exceptional holonomy in dimensions seven and eight. The resulting theory on the D-brane-that is, the dimensional reduction of 10-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory-is a cohomological field theory which describes the topology of the moduli space of instantons. The 7-dimensional theory is an NT=2 (or balanced) cohomological theory given by an action potential of Chern-Simons type. As a by-product of this method, we construct a related cohomological field theory which describes the monopole moduli space on a 7-manifold of G2 holonomy. (author). 22 refs, 3 tabs
Liu, Chien-Hao
2016-01-01
In earlier works, D(1) (arXiv:0709.1515 [math.AG]), D(11.1) (arXiv:1406.0929 [math.DG]), D(11.2) (arXiv:1412.0771 [hep-th]), and D(11.3.1) (arXiv:1508.02347 [math.DG]), we have explained why a D-brane in string theory, when treated as a fundamental dynamical object, can be described by a map $\\varphi$ from an Azumaya/matrix manifold $X^{Az}$ (cf. D-brane world-volume) with a fundamental module with a connection $(E,\
Intersection numbers with Witten's top Chern class
S. Shadrin; D. Zvonkine
2008-01-01
Witten’s top Chern class is a particular cohomology class on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces endowed with r-spin structures. It plays a key role in Witten’s conjecture relating to the intersection theory on these moduli spaces. Our first goal is to compute the integral of Witten’s class over th
Effective field theory of topological insulator and the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation
Dayi, O F; Yunt, E
2011-01-01
Employing the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation it is demonstrated straightforwardly that the first and second Chern numbers are equal to the coefficients of the 2+1 and 4+1 dimensional Chern-Simons actions which are generated by the massive Dirac fermions coupled to the Abelian gauge fields. A topological insulator model in 2+1 dimensions is discussed and by means of a dimensional reduction approach the 1+1 dimensional descendant of the 2+1 dimensional Chern-Simons theory is presented. Field strength of the Berry gauge field corresponding to the 4+1 dimensional Dirac theory is explicitly derived through the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation. Acquainted with it the second Chern numbers are calculated for specific choices of the integration domain. A method is proposed to obtain 3+1 and 2+1 dimensional descendants of the effective field theory of the 4+1 dimensional time reversal invariant topological insulator theory. Inspired by the spin Hall effect in graphene, a hypothetical model of the time reversal invarian...
Mohammed, Asadig; Murugan, Jeff; Nastase, Horatiu
2012-11-01
We present an embedding of the three-dimensional relativistic Landau-Ginzburg model for condensed matter systems in an N = 6, U(N) × U(N) Chern-Simons-matter theory [the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena model] by consistently truncating the latter to an Abelian effective field theory encoding the collective dynamics of O(N) of the O(N(2)) modes. In fact, depending on the vacuum expectation value on one of the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena scalars, a mass deformation parameter μ and the Chern-Simons level number k, our Abelianization prescription allows us to interpolate between the Abelian Higgs model with its usual multivortex solutions and a Ø(4) theory. We sketch a simple condensed matter model that reproduces all the salient features of the Abelianization. In this context, the Abelianization can be interpreted as giving a dimensional reduction from four dimensions. PMID:23215268
Vector supersymmetry in topological field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider a type of supersymmetry which is present in the Chern-Simons and BF-type topological field theories in terms of a superconnection formalism. The combined global supersymmetry and BRST symmetry are realized in this superspace when non-covariant constraints on the supercurvature are chosen. This construction extends naturally within the bundle of frames approach to superspace, and we present a formalism which may lead to the construction of vector supergravity theories and their coupling to the topological field theories considered here. (orig.)
Ketov, Sergei V.
1996-01-01
The (2,2) world-sheet supersymmetric string theory is discussed from the viewpoint of string/membrane unification. The effective field theory in the closed string target space is known to be the 2+2 dimensional (integrable) theory of self-dual gravity (SDG). A world-volume supersymmetrization of the Pleba'nski action for SDG naturally implies the maximal N=8 world-volume supersymmetry, while the maximal supersymmetrization of the dual covariant K"ahler-Lorentz-Chern-Simons action for SDG impl...
Topological Field Theory of Time-Reversal Invariant Insulators
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Qi, Xiao-Liang; Hughes, Taylor; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2010-03-19
We show that the fundamental time reversal invariant (TRI) insulator exists in 4 + 1 dimensions, where the effective field theory is described by the 4 + 1 dimensional Chern-Simons theory and the topological properties of the electronic structure is classified by the second Chern number. These topological properties are the natural generalizations of the time reversal breaking (TRB) quantum Hall insulator in 2 + 1 dimensions. The TRI quantum spin Hall insulator in 2 + 1 dimensions and the topological insulator in 3 + 1 dimension can be obtained as descendants from the fundamental TRI insulator in 4 + 1 dimensions through a dimensional reduction procedure. The effective topological field theory, and the Z{sub 2} topological classification for the TRI insulators in 2+1 and 3+1 dimensions are naturally obtained from this procedure. All physically measurable topological response functions of the TRI insulators are completely described by the effective topological field theory. Our effective topological field theory predicts a number of novel and measurable phenomena, the most striking of which is the topological magneto-electric effect, where an electric field generates a magnetic field in the same direction, with an universal constant of proportionality quantized in odd multiples of the fine structure constant {alpha} = e{sup 2}/hc. Finally, we present a general classification of all topological insulators in various dimensions, and describe them in terms of a unified topological Chern-Simons field theory in phase space.
Herbert Simon's Information Theory and Its Practical Enlightenment%西蒙的决策情报信息论及实践启示
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
颜茵
2014-01-01
有关赫伯特·西蒙理论与学术造诣的研究，学界多聚焦于其管理决策思想，而对其并不十分系统和“显赫”的情报信息论，理论界显然未给予集中关注与研究。以西蒙的文献著述为依据，沿着其“管理就是决策”的总命题，对其情报信息论进行尝试性发掘与总结。西蒙的情报信息论论直接导源于他的“管理就是决策”思想。而“有限理性模型”奠定了其决策情报支持系统的主体框架。作为西蒙决策情报理论中最具应用价值的一部分，情报信息能力建设的方法论，对我们今天建设决策情报支持系统、进而推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化具有较强的实践意义。%The academicspay more attention on Herbert Simon's administrative decision rather than his information theory. The article tries summarizing his information theory on the base of his thoughts that administration is decision-making in his works. Simon's information theory is directly from his thoughts that administration is decision-making. His bounded rationality model lays a solid foundation for the decision and information support system. Methodology of the information ability architecture, which is the most valuable part in Simon's decision information theory, has the practical significance for us to establish decision information support system, and promote the modern-ization of the national administration system.
Transgression forms as unifying principle in field theory
Mora, P
2005-01-01
In this work I consider extensions of Chern-Simons gravities and supergravities associated to the use of Transgression forms as actions, instead of Chern-Simons forms. It is noted that Transgression Forms yields a essencially unique prescription of boundary terms which allows: (i) to make Chern-Simons theories truly gauge invariant, instead of just quasi-invariant, (ii) to have a well defined action principle, so that the action is an extremum when the field equations hold, (iii) to compute covariant finite conserved charges in agreement with those obtained using hamiltonian methods, (iv) to regularize the action so that the euclidean action is finite and the black hole thermodynamics derived from this action agrees with the one obtained by hamiltonian methods. In addition a class of models for extended objects or branes with or without supersymmetry is introduced and studied. The actions for those models and the space-time in which they propagate is given by the sum of integrals of transgression forms for or...
Non-critical type 0 string theories and their field theory duals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we continue the study of the non-critical type 0 string and its field theory duals. We begin by reviewing some facts and conjectures about these theories. We move on to our proposal for the type 0 effective action in any dimension, its RR fields and their Chern-Simons couplings. We then focus on the case without compact dimensions and study its field theory duals. We show that one can parameterize all dual physical quantities in terms of a finite number of unknown parameters. By making some further assumptions on the tachyon couplings, one can still make some 'model independent' statements
Experimental Observation of Large Chern Numbers in Photonic Crystals.
Skirlo, Scott A; Lu, Ling; Igarashi, Yuichi; Yan, Qinghui; Joannopoulos, John; Soljačić, Marin
2015-12-18
Despite great interest in the quantum anomalous Hall phase and its analogs, all experimental studies in electronic and bosonic systems have been limited to a Chern number of one. Here, we perform microwave transmission measurements in the bulk and at the edge of ferrimagnetic photonic crystals. Band gaps with large Chern numbers of 2, 3, and 4 are present in the experimental results, which show excellent agreement with theory. We measure the mode profiles and Fourier transform them to produce dispersion relations of the edge modes, whose number and direction match our Chern number calculations. PMID:26722920
Exact vacuum solution of a (1+2)-dimensional Poincare gauge theory BTZ solution with torsion
Garcia, A A; Heinicke, C; Macías, A; Garcia, Alberto A.; Hehl, Friedrich W.; Heinicke, Christian; Macias, Alfredo
2003-01-01
In (1+2)-dimensional Poincar\\'e gauge gravity, we start from a Lagrangian depending on torsion and curvature which includes additionally {\\em translational} and {\\em Lorentzian} Chern-Simons terms. Limiting ourselves to to a specific subcase, the Mielke-Baekler (MB) model, we derive the corresponding field equations (of Einstein-Cartan-Chern-Simons type) and find the general vacuum solution. We determine the properties of this solution, in particular its mass and its angular momentum. For vanishing torsion, we recover the BTZ-solution. We also derive the general conformally flat vacuum solution with torsion. In this framework, we discuss {\\em Cartan's} (3-dimensional) {\\em spiral staircase} and find that it is not only a special case of our new vacuum solution, but can alternatively be understood as a solution of the 3-dimensional Einstein-Cartan theory with matter of constant pressure and constant torque. {\\em file 3dexact15.tex}
Political and Legal Doctrine of Simon Bolivar
Mixail V. Fedorov
2014-01-01
Present article is devoted to the legal, political and constitutional ideas of the outstanding leader of war of independence in Latin America Simon Bolivar that was called by his countrymen and contemporaries to be a LIBERATOR. In the present article author discusses complex genesis and evolution of the political and legal doctrine of Simon Bolivar. Review is conducted by author in the context of developing theory and practice of Latin American constitutionalism in the XIX century. Author con...
Exact results for Wilson loops in orbifold ABJM theory
Ouyang, Hao; Zhang, Jia-ju
2015-01-01
We investigate the exact results for circular 1/4 and 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in the d=3 N=4 super Chern-Simons-matter theory that could be obtained by orbifolding Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory. In literature there is the partition function of the N=4 orbifold ABJM theory, and we re-derive it in a slightly different method. We calculate the vacuum expectation values of the circular 1/4 and 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in both the saddle point approach and Fermi gas approach, and the results are in accord to the gravity ones.
Effective Field Theory of Fractional Quantized Hall Nematics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mulligan, Michael; /MIT, LNS; Nayak, Chetan; /Station Q, UCSB; Kachru, Shamit; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2012-06-06
We present a Landau-Ginzburg theory for a fractional quantized Hall nematic state and the transition to it from an isotropic fractional quantum Hall state. This justifies Lifshitz-Chern-Simons theory - which is shown to be its dual - on a more microscopic basis and enables us to compute a ground state wave function in the symmetry-broken phase. In such a state of matter, the Hall resistance remains quantized while the longitudinal DC resistivity due to thermally-excited quasiparticles is anisotropic. We interpret recent experiments at Landau level filling factor {nu} = 7/3 in terms of our theory.
The second Chern class in Spinning System
Duan, Yishi; Fu, Libin; Liu, Xin
1999-01-01
Topological property in a spinning system should be directly associated with its wavefunction. A complete decomposition formula of SU(2) gauge potential in terms of spinning wavefunction is established rigorously. Based on the $\\phi $-mapping theory and this formula, one proves that the second Chern class is inherent in the spinning system. It is showed that this topological invariant is only determined by the Hopf index and Brouwer degree of the spinning wavefunction.
Kukk, Jaak, 1904-2001
1992-01-01
Aleksander Simon õppis veterinaariat, kuid ei lõpetanud, korporatsiooni astus kohe selle asutamisel ja Jaak Kukk oli tema akadeemiline kasuisa, kellele anti teada, et 1944. a Saksamaale rännanud A. Simon üritas 1946 salaja Rootsi põgeneda
Confined Vortices in Topologically Massive U(1)$\\times$U(1) Theory
Anber, Mohamed M; Sabancilar, Eray; Shaposhnikov, Mikhail
2015-01-01
We report on a new topological vortex solution in U(1)$\\times$U(1) Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory. The existence of the vortex is envisaged by analytical means, and a numerical solution is obtained by integrating the equations of motion. These vortices have a long-range force because one of the U(1)s remains unbroken in the infrared, which is guarded by the Coleman-Hill theorem. The sum of the winding numbers of an ensemble of vortices has to vanish; otherwise the system would have a logarithmically divergent energy. In turn, these vortices exhibit classical confinement. We investigate the rich parameter space of the solutions, and show that one recovers the Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen, U(1) Maxwell-Chern-Simons, U(1) pure Chern-Simons and global vortices as various limiting cases. Unlike these limiting cases, the higher winding solutions of our vortices carry non-integer charges under the broken U(1). This is the first vortex solution exhibiting such behavior.
Toda Theory From Six Dimensions
Cordova, Clay
2016-01-01
We describe a compactification of the six-dimensional (2,0) theory on a four-sphere which gives rise to a two-dimensional Toda theory at long distances. This construction realizes chiral Toda fields as edge modes trapped near the poles of the sphere. We relate our setup to compactifications of the (2,0) theory on the five and six-sphere. In this way, we explain a connection between half-BPS operators of the (2,0) theory and two-dimensional W-algebras, and derive an equality between their conformal anomalies. As we explain, all such relationships between the six-dimensional (2,0) theory and Toda field theory can be interpreted as statements about the edge modes of complex Chern-Simons on various three-manifolds with boundary.
SU(2) WZW theory at higher genera
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We compute, by free field techniques, the scalar product of the SU(2) Chern-Simons states on genus > 1 surfaces. The result is a finite-dimensional integral over positions of ''screening charges'' and one complex modular parameter. It uses an effective description of the CS states. The scalar product formula allows to express the higher genus partition functions of the WZW conformal field theory by finite-dimensional integrals. It should provide the hermitian metric preserved by the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-Bernard connection describing the variations of the CS states under the change of the complex structure of the surface. (orig.)
A U(1) gauge theory for anyons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A U(1) gauge theory of a particle with arbitrary spin in three space-time dimensions is introduced. All the spin-dependent effects are a consequence of a direct coupling of the gauge field to the Chern-Simons field responsible for the shift in spin and statistics. Two approaches in relativistic quantum mechanics which take a spin-0 or a spin-1/2 state as starting point are shown to be equivalent and the result is that the total spin dependence reduces to a magnetic coupling with a gyromagnetic ratio g=2 for any spin. (orig.)
Large N behavior of mass deformed ABJM theory
Nosaka, Tomoki; Terashima, Seiji
2015-01-01
In this paper, using the localization technique we analyze the large N limit of the mass deformed Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory on the three sphere with a finite mass parameter and finite Chern-Simons levels. We find two different solutions of the saddle point equations in the large N limit. With these solutions we compute the free energy and find that there is a first order phase transition. Our results may predict a phase transition in the dual gravity theory.
Large N behavior of mass deformed ABJM theory
Nosaka, Tomoki; Shimizu, Kazuma; Terashima, Seiji
2016-03-01
In this paper, using the localization technique we analyze the large N limit of the mass deformed Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory on the three sphere with a finite mass parameter and finite Chern-Simons levels. We find two different solutions of the saddle point equations in the large N limit. With these solutions we compute the free energy limit and find that there is a first order phase transition. Our results may predict a phase transition in the dual gravity theory.
Political and Legal Doctrine of Simon Bolivar
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mixail V. Fedorov
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the legal, political and constitutional ideas of the outstanding leader of war of independence in Latin America Simon Bolivar that was called by his countrymen and contemporaries to be a LIBERATOR. In the present article author discusses complex genesis and evolution of the political and legal doctrine of Simon Bolivar. Review is conducted by author in the context of developing theory and practice of Latin American constitutionalism in the XIX century. Author conceptualized and revealed basic historical patterns of formation and development of Latin American countries during the War of Independence (1810-1826 period. Author conducted comprehensive analysis of the draft constitution which was developed by Simon Bolivar for the newly independent states of Latin America and reveals theoretical and practical problem of choosing Simon Bolivar republican form of government, such as a peculiar institution in the form of principle of the separation of powers, containing the fourth power. Author focuses on the questions of Simon Bolivar’s relationship to the constitutional institute of human rights, idea of relationship between state and church. Article also researches many other political, legal and constitutional ideas of Simon Bolivar, present views of historians, lawyers, political scientists, statesmen and public activists.
Levin, Simon, 1928-2008
1987-01-01
Simon Levini seletus Eesti NSV Ülemkohtu Kriminaalasjade kohtukolleegiumi istungil 24. juunil 1982. aastal. Vastav seletus pälvis Eesti NSV advokaatide kohtukõnede konkursil esimese preemia kriminaalasjades peetud kõnede hulgas. Lisatud selgitused kohtuasjale
Equivalence of Wilson Loops in ABJM and N = 4 SYM Theory
Wiegandt, Konstantin
2011-01-01
In previous investigations, it was found that four-sided polygonal light-like Wilson loops in ABJM theory calculated to two-loop order have the same form as the corresponding Wilson loop in N = 4 SYM at one-loop order. Here we study light-like polygonal Wilson loops with n cusps in planar three-dimensional Chern-Simons and ABJM theory to two loops. Remarkably, the result in ABJM theory precisely agrees with the corresponding Wilson loop in N = 4 SYM at one-loop order for arbitrary n. In parti...
Remembering Roger I. Simon: A Pedagogy of Public Possibility
Farley, Lisa; Tarc, Aparna Mishra
2014-01-01
This special issue of "Canadian Social Studies" is dedicated to Roger I. Simon. Simon's scholarship bequeaths to theorists, teachers, and curators across Canada and beyond a theory of education that opens up responsibilities to past and present others. The papers gathered for this special issue address many of the difficulties that he…
Chiral four-dimensional F-theory compactifications with SU(5) and multiple U(1)-factors
Cvetič, Mirjam; Grassi, Antonella; Klevers, Denis; Piragua, Hernan
2014-04-01
We develop geometric techniques to determine the spectrum and the chiral indices of matter multiplets for four-dimensional F-theory compactifications on elliptic Calabi-Yau fourfolds with rank two Mordell-Weil group. The general elliptic fiber is the Calabi-Yau onefold in dP 2. We classify its resolved elliptic fibrations over a general base B. The study of singularities of these fibrations leads to explicit matter representations, that we determine both for U(1) × U(1) and SU(5) × U(1) × U(1) constructions. We determine for the first time certain matter curves and surfaces using techniques involving prime ideals. The vertical cohomology ring of these fourfolds is calculated for both cases and general formulas for the Euler numbers are derived. Explicit calculations are presented for a specific base B = ℙ3. We determine the general G 4-flux that belongs to of the resolved Calabi-Yau fourfolds. As a by-product, we derive for the first time all conditions on G 4-flux in general F-theory compactifications with a non-holomorphic zero section. These conditions have to be formulated after a circle reduction in terms of Chern-Simons terms on the 3D Coulomb branch and invoke M-theory/F-theory duality. New Chern-Simons terms are generated by Kaluza-Klein states of the circle compactification. We explicitly perform the relevant field theory computations, that yield non-vanishing results precisely for fourfolds with a non-holomorphic zero section. Taking into account the new Chern-Simons terms, all 4D matter chiralities are determined via 3D M-theory/F-theory duality. We independently check these chiralities using the subset of matter surfaces we determined. The presented techniques are general and do not rely on toric data.
Light-front quantization of field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Some basic topics in Light-Front (LF) quantized field theory are reviewed. Poincare algebra and the LF spin operator are discussed. The local scalar field theory of the conventional framework is shown to correspond to a non-local Hamiltonian theory on the LF in view of the constraint equations on the phase space, which relate the bosonic condensates to the non-zero modes. This new ingredient is useful to describe the spontaneous symmetry breaking on the LF. The instability of the symmetric phase in two dimensional scalar theory when the coupling constant grows is shown in the LF theory renormalized to one loop order. Chern-Simons gauge theory, regarded to describe excitations with fractional statistics, is quantized in the light-cone gauge and a simple LF Hamiltonian obtained which may allow us to construct renormalized theory of anyons. (author). 20 refs
Light-Front quantization of field theory
Srivastava, P P
1996-01-01
Some basic topics in Light-Front (LF) quantized field theory are reviewed. Poincarè algebra and the LF Spin operator are discussed. The local scalar field theory of the conventional framework is shown to correspond to a non-local Hamiltonian theory on the LF in view of the constraint equations on the phase space, which relate the bosonic condensates to the non-zero modes. This new ingredient is useful to describe the spontaneous symmetry breaking on the LF. The instability of the symmetric phase in two dimensional scalar theory when the coupling constant grows is shown in the LF theory renormalized to one loop order. Chern-Simons gauge theory regarded to describe excitations with fractional statistics, is quantized in the light-cone gauge and a simple LF Hamiltonian obtained which may allow us to construct renormalized theory of anyons.
Quantization of open-closed BCOV theory, I
Costello, Kevin
2015-01-01
This is the first in a series of papers which analyze the problem of quantizing the theory coupling Kodaira-Spencer gravity (or BCOV theory) on Calabi-Yau manifolds using the formalism for perturbative QFT developed by the first author. In this paper, we focus on flat space $\\mathbb{C}^d$ for $d$ odd. We prove that there exists a unique quantization of the theory coupling BCOV theory and holomorphic Chern-Simons theory with gauge group the supergroup $GL(N \\mid N)$. We deduce a canonically defined quantization of BCOV theory on its own. We also discuss some conjectural links between BCOV theory in various dimensions and twists of physical theories: in complex dimension $3$ we conjecture a relationship to twists of $(1,0)$ supersymmetric theories and in complex dimension $5$ to a twist of type IIB supergravity.
Baryon asymmetry generation in the electroweak theory. A lattice study
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the baryon asymmetry generation within the framework of the standard electroweak theory. The assumed first order finite temperature phase transition to the spontaneously broken phase is simulated on the lattice. The Monte Carlo data suggest that the high temperature plasma is populated with gauge-Higgs fluctuations, which produce a change Q in the Chern-Simons number during the transition, thereby creating fermions due to the electroweak anomaly. We provide evidence and arguments in favour of a uniform distribution of Q. This being the case, the baryon asymmetry produced during the phase transition is large enough to explain the asymmetry observed today. (orig.)
On dualities for non-Abelian gauge theories with continuous center
Grimm, Thomas W.; Regalado, Diego
2015-01-01
Formulating gauge theories for gauge groups admitting a continuous center can require to include charged scalars to define a gauge-coupling function. We show that the gauge-fields in the center can be dualized into form-fields of dimension-dependent degree. The resulting theory admits a smaller gauge group that factorizes out the center, but contains a Chern-Simons type term coupling the scalars to the form-fields. As an explicit example we consider the gauge group being the Heisenberg group ...
Two Dimensional Effective Field Theory from Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson Model
Santos, M A
2008-01-01
We study the Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson model on $M^{1,1} \\times S^1$. In the low energy limit we obtain a new two dimensional effective field theory with a Lie 3-algebra structure. By compactification, the three dimensional Chern-Simons potential generates two dynamical fields: an SO(1,1) scalar and a vector field, respectively, which are valued in the set of the endomorphisms of the Lie 3-algebra. In the strong coupling and $R \\to 0$ compactification limits, the theory reduces to a supersymmetric Lie 3-valued generalization of the Green-Schwarz superstring in the light-cone gauge.
Tree-level Recursion Relation and Dual Superconformal Symmetry of the ABJM Theory
Gang, Dongmin; Koh, Eunkyung; Lee, Sangmin; Lipstein, Arthur E
2010-01-01
We propose a recursion relation for tree-level scattering amplitudes in three-dimensional Chern-Simons-matter theories. The recursion relation involves a complex deformation of momenta which generalizes the BCFW-deformation used in higher dimensions. Using background field methods, we show that all ABJM superamplitudes vanish for large deformations, establishing the validity of the recursion formula. Furthermore, we use the recursion relation to compute the six- and eight-point component amplitudes and match them with independent computations based on Feynman diagrams or Grassmannian integral formulas. As an application of the recursion relation, we prove that all tree-level amplitudes of the ABJM theory have dual superconformal symmetry.
A simple remark on three dimensional gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Classical three dimensional Yang-Mills is seen to be related to the topological Chern-Simons term through a nonlinear but fully local and covariant gauge field redefinition. A classical recursive cohomological argument is proved. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By way of the Gauss-Bonnet-Chern theorem, we present a higher dimensional extension of Polyakov's regularization of Wilson loops of point solitons. Spacetime paths of extended objects become hyper-ribbons with self-linking, twisting and writhing numbers. specifically we discuss the exotic spin and statistical phase entanglements of geometric n-membrane solitons of D-dimensional KP1 σ-models with an added Hopf-Chern-Simons term where (n, D, K) = (0, 3, C), (2, 7, H), (6, 15, Ω). They are uniquely linked to the complex and quaternion and octonion division algebras. 22 refs
Superstring theories as low-energy limit of supergroup gauge theories
Popov, Alexander D
2016-01-01
We consider Yang-Mills theory with $N=2$ super translation group in $d=10$ auxiliary dimensions as the structure group. The gauge theory is defined on a direct product manifold $\\Sigma_2\\times H^2$, where $\\Sigma_2$ is a two-dimensional Lorentzian manifold and $H^2$ is the open disc in $\\mathbb{R}^2$ with the boundary $S^1=\\partial H^2$. We show that in the adiabatic limit, when the metric on $H^2$ is scaled down, the Yang-Mills action supplemented by the $d=5$ Chern-Simons term becomes the Green-Schwarz superstring action. More concretely, the Yang-Mills action in the infrared limit flows to the kinetic part of the superstring action and the $d=5$ Chern-Simons action, defined on a 5-manifold with the boundary $\\Sigma_2\\times H^2$, flows to the Wess-Zumino part of the superstring action. The same kind of duality between gauge fields and strings is established for type IIB superstring on AdS$_5\\times S^5$ background and a supergroup gauge theory with PSU(2,2$|$4) as the structure group.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Herbert Ernst Wiegand
2011-10-01
Full Text Available
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG: In diesem Beitrag werden die Begriffe eingeführt, die man benötigt, um das Datenakzessivitätsprofil von Printwörterbüchern genau beschreiben zu können. Es wird zwischen externer und interner Datenakzessivität unterschieden; erstere ist obligatorisch, letztere ist fakultativ. Die externe Datenakzessivität wird durch äußere, die interne Datenakzessivität durch innere Zugriffsstrukturen innerhalb von akzessiven Wörterbucheinträgen hergestellt. Es werden unterschiedliche Typen von äußeren Zugriffsstrukturen als lineare Ordnungsstrukturen, wie z.B. alphabetische äußere Zugriffsstrukturen, numerische mediostrukturelle Zugriffsstrukturen, Regis-terzugriffsstrukturen u.a., beschrieben und ihr Funktionieren erklärt. Weiterhin werden äußere Zugriffsstrukturen von Zugriffspfaden abgegrenzt, die durch die Ausführung externer Zugriffs-handlungen der Benutzer etabliert werden. Der Beitrag gibt insgesamt fünf Einblicke, aber keine zusammenhängende Übersicht über die vielfachen Ausprägungen der Eigenschaften der Wörter-buchform, die die Datenakzessivität sicherstellen.
Stichwörter: AKZESSIVER WÖRTERBUCHEINTRAG, ALPHABET, ALPHABETISCHE ÄU-ßERE ZUGRIFFSSTRUKTUR, ÄUßERER ZUGRIFFSPFAD, EXTERNE DATENAKZESSIVITÄT, EXTERNE ZUGRIFFSHANDLUNG, INNERE ZUGRIFFSSTRUKTUR, INTERNE DATENAKZES-SIVITÄT, MEDIOSTRUKTURELLES LEITELEMENT, MEDIOSTRUKTURELLE ZUGRIFFSSTRUK-TUR, MONOAKZESSIVES WÖRTERBUCH, REGISTER, REGISTERZUGRIFFSSTRUKTUR, POLY-AKZESSIVES WÖRTERBUCH, SCHNELLZUGRIFFSSTRUKTUR, ZUGRIFFSTEXTELEMENT
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ABSTRACT: On the Data Accessibility in Printed Dictionaries. Insights into Recent Developments of a Theory of the Form of Dictionaries. In this contribu-tion, concepts are introduced that are needed for a precise description of the data accessibility pro-file of printed dictionaries. A distinction is made between external and internal data accessibility, with the first being obligatory and the
Modifications of Einstein's theory of gravity at large distances
2015-01-01
In the last few years modified gravity theories have been proposed as extensions of Einstein's theory of gravity. Their main motivation is to explain the latest cosmological and astrophysical data on dark energy and dark matter. The study of general relativity at small scales has already produced important results (cf e.g. LNP 863 Quantum Gravity and Quantum Cosmology) while its study at large scales is challenging because recent and upcoming observational results will provide important information on the validity of these modified theories. In this volume, various aspects of modified gravity at large scales will be discussed: high-curvature gravity theories; general scalar-tensor theories; Galileon theories and their cosmological applications; F(R) gravity theories; massive, new massive and topologically massive gravity; Chern-Simons modifications of general relativity (including holographic variants) and higher-spin gravity theories, to name but a few of the most important recent developments. Edite...
Mathematical aspects of quantum field theories
Strobl, Thomas
2015-01-01
Despite its long history and stunning experimental successes, the mathematical foundation of perturbative quantum field theory is still a subject of ongoing research. This book aims at presenting some of the most recent advances in the field, and at reflecting the diversity of approaches and tools invented and currently employed. Both leading experts and comparative newcomers to the field present their latest findings, helping readers to gain a better understanding of not only quantum but also classical field theories. Though the book offers a valuable resource for mathematicians and physicists alike, the focus is more on mathematical developments. This volume consists of four parts: The first Part covers local aspects of perturbative quantum field theory, with an emphasis on the axiomatization of the algebra behind the operator product expansion. The second Part highlights Chern-Simons gauge theories, while the third examines (semi-)classical field theories. In closing, Part 4 addresses factorization homolo...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
bedste orkesterværk ved det nyligt overståede musikdage i Donaueschingen samt med Nordisk Råds Musikpris i 2014. Med dette fokus ønsker Seismograf/DMT at fejre komponisten Simon Steen-Andersen. I både en dansk og i en international kontekst ønsker vi at præsentere og reflektere over et lille hjørne af...
Ketov, S V
1996-01-01
The (2,2) world-sheet supersymmetric string theory is discussed from the viewpoint of string/membrane unification. The effective field theory in the closed string target space is known to be the 2+2 dimensional (integrable) theory of self-dual gravity (SDG). A world-volume supersymmetrization of the Pleba'nski action for SDG naturally implies the maximal N=8 world-volume supersymmetry, while the maximal supersymmetrization of the dual covariant K"ahler-Lorentz-Chern-Simons action for SDG implies gauging a self-dual part of the super-Lorentz symmetry in 2+10 dimensions. The proposed OSp(32|1) supersymmetric action for the M-brane may be useful for a fundamental formulation of uncompactified F theory, with the self-duality being playing the central role both in the world-volume and in the target space of the M-brane.
Griguolo, L; Szabó, R J; Tanzini, A; Griguolo, Luca; Seminara, Domenico; Szabo, Richard J.; Tanzini, Alessandro
2006-01-01
We study the relationship between instanton counting in N=4 Yang-Mills theory on a generic four-dimensional toric orbifold and the semi-classical expansion of q-deformed Yang-Mills theory on the blowups of the minimal resolution of the orbifold singularity, with an eye to clarifying the recent proposal of using two-dimensional gauge theories to count microstates of black holes in four dimensions. We describe explicitly the instanton contributions to the counting of D-brane bound states which are captured by the two-dimensional gauge theory. We derive an intimate relationship between the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory and Chern-Simons theory on generic Lens spaces, and use it to show that the correct instanton counting is only reproduced when the Chern-Simons contributions are treated as non-dynamical boundary conditions in the D4-brane gauge theory. We also use this correspondence to discuss the counting of instantons on higher genus ruled Riemann surfaces.
Topological quantum field theories and gauge invariance in stochastic quantization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Langevin equations describing the quantization of gauge theories have a geometrical structure. We show that stochastically quantized gauge theories are governed by a single differential operator. The latter combines supersymmetry and ordinary gauge transformations. Quantum field theory can be defined on the basis of a Hamiltonian of the type H = 1/2[,Q-bar] where Q has deep relationship with the conserved BRST charge of a topological gauge theory, and Q-bar is its adjoint. We display the examples of Yang-Mills theory and of 2D gravity. Interesting applications are for first order actions, in particular for the theories defined by the three dimensional Chern Simons action as well as the ''two dimensional'' ∫M2TrΦF. (author). 15 refs
Relative Topological Integrals and Relative Cheeger-Simons Differential Characters
Zucchini, R
2000-01-01
Topological integrals appear frequently in Lagrangian field theories. On manifolds without boundary, they can be treated in the framework of ordinary (co)homology using the formalism of Cheeger-Simons differential characters. String and D-brane theory involve field theoretic models on worldvolumes with border. On manifolds with boundary, the proper treatment of topological integrals requires a generalization of the usual differential topological set up and leads naturally to relative (co)homology and relative Cheeger-Simons differential characters. In this paper, we present a construction of relative Cheeger-Simons differential characters which is computable in principle and which contains the ordinary Cheeger-Simons differential characters as a particular case.
Three-dimensional noncommutative Yukawa theory: Induced effective action and propagating modes
Bufalo, R
2016-01-01
In this paper, we establish the analysis of noncommutative Yukawa theory, encompassing neutral and charged scalar fields. We approach the analysis by considering carefully the derivation of the respective effective actions. Hence, based on the obtained results, we compute the one-loop contributions to the neutral and charged scalar field self-energy, as well as to the Chern-Simons polarization tensor. In order to properly define the behaviour of the quantum fields, the known UV/IR mixing due to radiative corrections is analysed in the one-loop physical dispersion relation of the scalar and gauge fields.
Generalized Gauge Theories and Weinberg-Salam Model with Dirac-K\\"ahler Fermions
Kawamoto, Noboru; Tsukioka, Takuya; Umetsu, Hiroshi
2000-01-01
We extend previously proposed generalized gauge theory formulation of Chern-Simons type and topological Yang-Mills type actions into Yang-Mills type actions. We formulate gauge fields and Dirac-K\\"ahler matter fermions by all degrees of differential forms. The simplest version of the model which includes only zero and one form gauge fields accommodated with the graded Lie algebra of $SU(2|1)$ supergroup leads Weinberg-Salam model. Thus the Weinberg-Salam model formulated by noncommutative geo...
Network, Cluster coordinates and N=2 theory I
Xie, Dan
2012-01-01
Combinatorial methods are developed to find the cluster coordinates for moduli space of flat connections which is describing the Coulomb branch of higher rank N=2 theories derived by compactifying six dimensional (2,0) theory on a punctured Riemann surface. The construction starts with a triangulation of the punctured Riemann surface and a further tessellation of all the triangles. The tessellation is used to construct a bipartite network from which a quiver can be read straightforwardly. We prove that the quivers for different triangulations are related by quiver mutations and justify that these are really the cluster coordinates. These coordinates are important in studying BPS wall crossing, line operators, and surface operators of these theories; and they are also useful in exploring three dimensional Chern-Simons theory and the corresponding N=2 gauge theory, two dimensional integrable system, etc.}
Arun, K G
2013-01-01
Gravitational Wave (GW) observations of coalescing compact binaries will be unique probes of strong-field, dynamical aspects of relativistic gravity. We present a short review of various schemes proposed in the literature to test General Relativity (GR) and alternative theories of gravity using inspiral waveforms. Broadly these schemes may be classified into two types: model dependent and model independent. In the model dependent category, GW observations are compared against a specific waveform model representative of a particular theory or a class of theories like Scalar-Tensor theories, Dynamical Chern-Simons theory and Massive graviton theories. Model independent tests are attempts to write down a parametrised gravitational waveform where the free parameters take different values for different theories and (at least some of) which can be constrained by GW observations. We revisit some of the proposed bounds in the case of downscaled LISA configuration (eLISA) and compare them with the original LISA config...
N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in AdS{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia)
2014-05-06
For all types of N=4 anti-de Sitter (AdS) supersymmetry in three dimensions, we construct manifestly supersymmetric actions for Abelian vector multiplets and explain how to extend the construction to the non-Abelian case. Manifestly N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) actions are explicitly given in the cases of (2,2) and critical (4,0) AdS supersymmetries. The N=4 vector multiplets and the corresponding actions are then reduced to (2,0) AdS superspace, in which only N=2 supersymmetry is manifest. Using the off-shell structure of the N=4 vector multiplets, we provide complete N=4 SYM actions in (2,0) AdS superspace for all types of N=4 AdS supersymmetry. In the case of (4,0) AdS supersymmetry, which admits a Euclidean counterpart, the resulting N=2 action contains a Chern-Simons term proportional to q/r, where r is the radius of AdS{sub 3} and q is the R-charge of a chiral scalar superfield. The R-charge is a linear inhomogeneous function of X, an expectation value of the N=4 Cotton superfield. Thus our results explain the mysterious structure of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories on S{sup 3} discovered in arXiv:1401.7952. In the case of (3,1) AdS supersymmetry, which has no Euclidean counterpart, the SYM action contains both a Chern-Simons term and a chiral mass-like term. In the case of (2,2) AdS supersymmetry, which admits a Euclidean counterpart, the SYM action has no Chern-Simons and chiral mass-like terms.
On the infinite-dimensional spin-2 symmetries in Kaluza-Klein theories
Hohm, O
2006-01-01
We consider the couplings of an infinite number of spin-2 fields to gravity appearing in Kaluza-Klein theories. They are constructed as the broken phase of a massless theory possessing an infinite-dimensional spin-2 symmetry. Focusing on a circle compactification of four-dimensional gravity we show that the resulting gravity/spin-2 system in D=3 has in its unbroken phase an interpretation as a Chern-Simons theory of the Kac-Moody algebra associated to the Poincare group and also fits into the geometrical framework of algebra-valued differential geometry developed by Wald. Assigning all degrees of freedom to scalar fields, the matter couplings in the unbroken phase are determined, and it is shown that their global symmetry algebra contains the Virasoro algebra together with an enhancement of the Ehlers group to its affine extension. The broken phase is then constructed by gauging a subgroup of the global symmetries. It is shown that metric, spin-2 fields and Kaluza-Klein vectors combine into a Chern-Simons the...
Exact holography and black hole entropy in N=8 and N=4 string theory
Gomes, Joao
2015-01-01
We compute the exact entropy of one-eighth and one-quarter BPS black holes in N=8 and N=4 string theory respectively. This includes all the N=4 CHL models in both K3 and T^4 compactifications. The main result is a measure for the finite dimensional integral that one obtains after localization of supergravity on AdS_2xS^2. This measure is determined entirely by an anomaly in supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory on local AdS_3 and takes into account the contribution from all the supergravity multiplets. In Chern-Simons theory on compact manifolds this is the anomaly that computes a certain one-loop dependence on the volume of the manifold. For one-eighth BPS black holes our results are a first principles derivation of a measure proposed in arXiv:1111.1161, while in the case of one-quarter BPS black holes our result computes exactly all the perturbative or area corrections. Moreover, we argue that instantonic contributions can be incorporated and give evidence by computing the measure which matches precisely the m...
The tensor hierarchy of 8-dimensional field theories
Andino, Oscar Lasso
2016-01-01
We construct the tensor hierarchy of generic, bosonic, 8-dimensional field theories. We first study the form of the most general 8-dimensional bosonic theory with Abelian gauge symmetries only and no massive deformations. This study determines the tensors that occur in the Chern-Simons terms of the (electric and magnetic) field strengths and the action for the electric fields, which we determine. Having constructed the most general Abelian theory we study the most general gaugings of its global symmetries and the possible massive deformations using the embedding tensor formalism, constructing the complete tensor hierarchy using the Bianchi identities. We find the explicit form of all the field strengths of the gauged theory up to the 6-forms. Finally, we find the equations of motion comparing the Noether identities with the identities satisfied by the Bianchi identities themselves. We find that some equations of motion are not simply the Bianchi identities of the dual fields, but combinations of them.
Resurgent Analysis of Localizable Observables in Supersymmetric Gauge Theories
Aniceto, Inês; Schiappa, Ricardo
2015-01-01
Localization methods have recently led to a plethora of new exact results in supersymmetric gauge theories, as certain observables may be computed in terms of matrix integrals. These can then be evaluated by making use of standard large N techniques, or else via perturbative expansions in the gauge coupling. Either approximation often leads to observables given in terms of asymptotic series, which need to be properly defined in order to obtain nonperturbative results. At the same time, resurgent analysis has recently been successfully applied to several problems, e.g., in quantum, field and string theories, precisely to overcome this issue and construct nonperturbative answers out of asymptotic perturbative expansions. The present work uses exact results from supersymmetric localization to address the resurgent structure of the free energy and partition function of Chern-Simons and ABJM gauge theories in three dimensions, and of N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions. For each case, the com...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Matthieu Noucher
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Simon Chignard est l’auteur de « L’open data, comprendre l’ouverture des données publiques » (FYP éditions, mars 2012. Dans ce livre il propose des repères pour replacer l’open data dans le contexte français et comprendre les enjeux et les limites de l’ouverture des données publiques. Il a participé dès 2010 à l’animation de l’ouverture des données publiques de Rennes Métropole, territoire pionnier en France. Consultant et formateur indépendant, il est à titre bénévole président de l’association Bug (innovation sociale et numérique et vice-président de la Cantine numérique rennaise. Il anime le blog : http://donneesouvertes.info/
Gauged diffeomorphisms and hidden symmetries in Kaluza-Klein theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyse the symmetries that are realized on the massive Kaluza-Klein modes in generic D-dimensional backgrounds with three non-compact directions. For this, we construct the unbroken phase given by the decompactification limit, in which the higher Kaluza-Klein modes are massless. The latter admits an infinite-dimensional extension of the three-dimensional diffeomorphism group as local symmetry and, moreover, a current algebra associated with SL(D-2,R) together with the diffeomorphism algebra of the internal manifold as global symmetries. It is shown that the 'broken phase' can be reconstructed by gauging a certain subgroup of the global symmetries. This deforms the three-dimensional diffeomorphisms to a gauged version, and it is shown that they can be governed by a Chern-Simons theory, which unifies the spin-2 modes with the Kaluza-Klein vectors. This provides a reformulation of D-dimensional Einstein gravity, in which the physical degrees of freedom are described by the scalars of a gauged nonlinear σ-model based on SL(D-2,R)/SO(D-2), while the metric appears in a purely topological Chern-Simons form
On p -form theories with gauge invariant second order field equations
Deffayet, Cédric; Mukohyama, Shinji; Sivanesan, Vishagan
2016-04-01
We explore field theories of a single p -form with equations of motions of order strictly equal to 2 and gauge invariance. We give a general method for the classification of such theories which are extensions to the p -forms of the Galileon models for scalars. Our classification scheme allows us to compute an upper bound on the number of different such theories depending on p and on the space-time dimension. We are also able to build a nontrivial Galileon-like theory for a 3-form with gauge invariance and an action which is polynomial into the derivatives of the form. This theory has gauge invariant field equations but an action which is not, like a Chern-Simons theory. Hence the recently discovered no-go theorem stating that there are no nontrivial gauge invariant vector Galileons (which we are also able here to confirm with our method) does not extend to other odd-p cases.
On p-form theories with gauge invariant second order field equations
Deffayet, Cédric; Sivanesan, Vishagan
2016-01-01
We explore field theories of a single p-form with equations of motions of order strictly equal to two and gauge invariance. We give a general method for the classification of such theories which are extensions to the p-forms of the Galileon models for scalars. Our classification scheme allows to compute an upper bound on the number of different such theories depending on p and on the space-time dimension. We are also able to build a non trivial Galileon like theory for a 3-form with gauge invariance and an action which is polynomial into the derivatives of the form. This theory has gauge invariant field equations but an action which is not, like a Chern-Simons theory. Hence the recently discovered no-go theorem stating that there are no non trivial gauge invariant vector Galileons (which we are also able here to confirm with our method) does not extend to other odd p cases.
Filosoofiahuvilised valmistusid Simon Blackburni tulekuks
2009-01-01
Filosoofiahuviliste seminarist juunikuus Peipsi ääres. Üritusel valmistuti Cambridge'i ülikooli professori Simon Blackburni külalisloenguteks s. a. septembris ja tutvustati analüütilist filosoofiat
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Simon Steen-Andersen is one of the most performed Danish composers of his generation, not only in Denmark but also internationally. His proliferating performance success has been followed by several honours, e.g. The Carl Nielsen Prize and Kunstpreis Musik from Akademie der Künste in Berlin (both...... 2013), the prize for the best orchestral work at the recently held Doneueschinger Musiktage and The Nordic Council Music Prize in 2014. Seismograf/DMT wishes to celebrate the composer Simon Steen-Andersen. We present and reflect on parts of his comprehensive career, in a Danish and an international...... translation forthcoming) and finally, Rasmus Holmboe reflects on the visual in Simon Steen-Andersen’s music. The images for this Focus have kindly been provided by Ida Bach Jensen. They originate from the documentary Komponist, about the composers Simon Steen-Andersen, Henriette Groth and Eva Noer Kondrup...
Three-family particle physics models from global F-theory compactifications
Cvetič, Mirjam; Klevers, Denis; Peña, Damián Kaloni Mayorga; Oehlmann, Paul-Konstantin; Reuter, Jonas
2015-08-01
We construct four-dimensional, globally consistent F-theory models with three chiral generations, whose gauge group and matter representations coincide with those of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the Pati-Salam Model and the Trinification Model. These models result from compactification on toric hypersurface fibrations X with the choice of base . We observe that the F-theory conditions on the G 4-flux restrict the number of families to be at least three. We comment on the phenomenology of the models, and for Pati-Salam and Trinification models discuss the Higgsing to the Standard Model. A central point of this work is the construction of globally consistent G 4-flux. For this purpose we compute the vertical cohomology H V (2,2) X) in each case and solve the conditions imposed by matching the M- and F-theoretical 3D Chern-Simons terms. We explicitly check that the expressions found for the G 4-flux allow for a cancellation of D3-brane tadpoles. We also use the integrality of 3D Chern-Simons terms to ensure that our G 4-flux solutions are adequately quantized.
Tetrahedra and polynomial equations in topological field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Some tetrahedra in SUk(2)-Chern-Simons-Witten theory are computed. The results can be used to compute an arbitrary tetrahedron inductively by fusing with the fundamental representation. The results obtained are in agreement with those of quantum groups. By associating a (finite) topological field theory (FTFT) to every rational conformal field theory (RCFT), we show that the pentagon and hexagon equations in RCFT follow directly from some skein relations in FTFT. By generalizing the operation of surgery on links in FTFT we derive also an explicit expression for the modular transformation matrix S(k) of the one point conformal blocks on a torus in RCFT and the equations satisfied by S(k), in agreement with those required in RCFT. The implication of our results on the general programme of classifying RCFT is also discussed. (author). 24 refs, 21 figs
On skew tau-functions in higher spin theory
Melnikov, D; Morozov, A
2016-01-01
Recent studies of higher spin theory in three dimensions concentrate on Wilson loops in Chern-Simons theory, which in the classical limit reduce to peculiar corner matrix elements between the highest and lowest weight states in a given representation of SL(N). Despite these "skew" tau-functions can seem very different from conventional ones, which are the matrix elements between the two highest weight states, they also satisfy the Toda recursion between different fundamental representations. Moreover, in the most popular examples they possess simple representations in terms of matrix models and Schur functions. We provide a brief introduction to this new interesting field, which, after quantization, can serve as an additional bridge between knot and integrability theories.
Exact results for Wilson loops in orbifold ABJM theory
Ouyang, Hao; Wu, Jun-Bao; Zhang, Jia-Ju
2016-08-01
We investigate the exact results for circular 1/4 and 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in the d = 3 mathcal = 4 super Chern-Simons-matter theory that could be obtained by orbifolding Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory. The partition function of the mathcal = 4 orbifold ABJM theory has been computed previously in the literature. In this paper, we re-derive it using a slightly different method. We calculate the vacuum expectation values of the circular 1/4 BPS Wilson loops in fundamental representation and of circular 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in arbitrary representations. We use both the saddle point approach and Fermi gas approach. The results for Wilson loops are in accord with the available gravity results. Supported by NSFC (11222549, 11575202), K. C. Wong Education Foundation and Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS (2011016)
On skew tau-functions in higher spin theory
Melnikov, D.; Mironov, A.; Morozov, A.
2016-05-01
Recent studies of higher spin theory in three dimensions concentrate on Wilson loops in Chern-Simons theory, which in the classical limit reduce to peculiar corner matrix elements between the highest and lowest weight states in a given representation of SL( N ). Despite these "skew" tau-functions can seem very different from conventional ones, which are the matrix elements between the two highest weight states, they also satisfy the Toda recursion between different fundamental representations. Moreover, in the most popular examples they possess simple representations in terms of matrix models and Schur functions. We provide a brief introduction to this new interesting field, which, after quantization, can serve as an additional bridge between knot and integrability theories.
Spectrum of conformal gauge theories on a torus
Thomson, Alex
2016-01-01
Many model quantum spin systems have been proposed to realize critical points or phases described by 2+1 dimensional conformal gauge theories. On a torus of size $L$ and modular parameter $\\tau$, the energy levels of such gauge theories equal $(1/L)$ times universal functions of $\\tau$. We compute the universal spectrum of QED$_3$, a U(1) gauge theory with $N_f$ two-component massless Dirac fermions, in the large $N_f$ limit. We also allow for a Chern-Simons term at level $k$, and show how the topological $k$-fold ground state degeneracy in the absence of fermions transforms into the universal spectrum in the presence of fermions; these computations are performed at fixed $N_f/k$ in the large $N_f$ limit.
2011-01-01
Daniel Simon, PS Division Leader from 1994 to 1999, died on 2 June, 2011, at the age of 74, in Nancy. CERN owes him for a great number of contributions to the experimental areas around the PS and the existence of the Antiproton Decelerator (AD). Daniel came to CERN in 1962 from the University of Nancy. He first worked in the Nuclear Physics Apparatus (NPA) Division on the electrostatic separators for the secondary beams at the PS, a subject he also chose for his thesis. Then, as a member of the PS-Division, he designed a variety of beam lines, including those providing protons and antiprotons to ICE, the decisive experiment for CERN to launch the antiproton project, based on stochastic cooling. His contributions to the initial layout and further evolution of the experimental areas of LEAR were essential for the success of the LEAR programme. He subsequently drove the decision and worked on the conversion of LEAR into LEIR for the provision of lead-ions to the LHC. He was one of the leaders of t...
Superconformal quantum field theories in string. Gauge theory dualities
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this thesis aspects of superconformal field theories that are of interest in the so-called AdS/CFT correspondence are investigated. The AdS/CFT correspondence states a duality between string theories living on Anti-de Sitter space and superconformal quantum field theories in Minkowski space. In the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence the so-called Wilson loop/amplitude duality was discovered, stating the equality of the finite parts of n-gluon MHV amplitudes and n-sided lightlike polygonal Wilson loops in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory. It is the subject of the first part of this thesis to investigate the Wilson loop side of a possible similar duality in N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons matter (ABJM) theory. The main result is, that the expectation value of n-sided lightlike polygonal Wilson loops vanishes at one-loop order and at two-loop order is identical in its functional form to the Wilson loop in N=4 SYM theory at one-loop order. Furthermore, an anomalous conformal Ward identity for Wilson loops in Chern-Simons theory is derived. Related developments and symmetries of amplitudes and correlators in ABJM theory are discussed as well. In the second part of this thesis we calculate three-point functions of two protected operators and one twist-two operator with arbitrary even spin j in N=4 SYM theory. In order to carry out the calculations, the indices of the spin j operator are projected to the light-cone and the correlator is evaluated in a soft-limit where the momentum coming in at the spin j operator becomes zero. This limit largely simplifies the perturbative calculation, since all three-point diagrams effectively reduce to two-point diagrams and the dependence on the one-loop mixing matrix drops out completely. The result is in agreement with the analysis of the operator product expansion of four-point functions of half-BPS operators by Dolan and Osborn in 2004.
Superconformal quantum field theories in string. Gauge theory dualities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wiegandt, Konstantin
2012-08-14
In this thesis aspects of superconformal field theories that are of interest in the so-called AdS/CFT correspondence are investigated. The AdS/CFT correspondence states a duality between string theories living on Anti-de Sitter space and superconformal quantum field theories in Minkowski space. In the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence the so-called Wilson loop/amplitude duality was discovered, stating the equality of the finite parts of n-gluon MHV amplitudes and n-sided lightlike polygonal Wilson loops in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory. It is the subject of the first part of this thesis to investigate the Wilson loop side of a possible similar duality in N=6 superconformal Chern-Simons matter (ABJM) theory. The main result is, that the expectation value of n-sided lightlike polygonal Wilson loops vanishes at one-loop order and at two-loop order is identical in its functional form to the Wilson loop in N=4 SYM theory at one-loop order. Furthermore, an anomalous conformal Ward identity for Wilson loops in Chern-Simons theory is derived. Related developments and symmetries of amplitudes and correlators in ABJM theory are discussed as well. In the second part of this thesis we calculate three-point functions of two protected operators and one twist-two operator with arbitrary even spin j in N=4 SYM theory. In order to carry out the calculations, the indices of the spin j operator are projected to the light-cone and the correlator is evaluated in a soft-limit where the momentum coming in at the spin j operator becomes zero. This limit largely simplifies the perturbative calculation, since all three-point diagrams effectively reduce to two-point diagrams and the dependence on the one-loop mixing matrix drops out completely. The result is in agreement with the analysis of the operator product expansion of four-point functions of half-BPS operators by Dolan and Osborn in 2004.
Instanton bound states in ABJM theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hatsuda, Yasuyuki [DESY Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group; Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Moriyama, Sanefumi [Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Kobayashi Maskawa Inst. and Graduate School of Mathematics; Okuyama, Kazumi [Shinshu Univ., Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan). Dept. of Physics
2013-06-15
The partition function of the ABJM theory receives non-perturbative corrections due to instanton effects. We study these non-perturbative corrections, including bound states of worldsheet instantons and membrane instantons, in the Fermi-gas approach. We require that the total non-perturbative correction should be always finite for arbitrary Chern-Simons level. This finiteness is realized quite non-trivially because each bound state contribution naively diverges at some levels. The poles of each contribution should be canceled out in total. We use this pole cancellation mechanism to find unknown bound state corrections from known ones. We conjecture a general expression of the bound state contribution. Summing up all the bound state contributions, we find that the effect of bound states is simply incorporated into the worldsheet instanton correction by a redefinition of the chemical potential in the Fermi-gas system. Analytic expressions of the 3- and 4-membrane instanton corrections are also proposed.
Topological Model for Domain Walls in (Super-)Yang-Mills Theories
Dierigl, Markus
2014-01-01
We derive a topological action that describes the confining phase of (Super-)Yang-Mills theories with gauge group $SU(N)$, similar to the work recently carried out by Seiberg and collaborators. It encodes all the Aharonov-Bohm phases of the possible non-local operators and phases generated by the intersection of flux tubes. Within this topological framework we show that the worldvolume theory of domain walls contains a Chern-Simons term at level $N$ also seen in string theory constructions. The discussion can also illuminate dynamical differences of domain walls in the supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric framework. Two further analogies, to string theory and the fractional quantum Hall effect might lead to additional possibilities to investigate the dynamics.
On the Brauer groups of symmetries of abelian Dijkgraaf-Witten theories
Fuchs, Jürgen; Schweigert, Christoph; Valentino, Alessandro
2014-01-01
Symmetries of three-dimensional topological field theories are naturally defined in terms of invertible topological surface defects. Symmetry groups are thus Brauer-Picard groups. We present a gauge theoretic realization of all symmetries of abelian Dijkgraaf-Witten theories. The symmetry group for a Dijkgraaf-Witten theory with gauge group a finite abelian group $A$, and with vanishing 3-cocycle, is generated by group automorphisms of $A$, by automorphisms of the trivial Chern-Simons 2-gerbe on the stack of $A$-bundles, and by partial e-m dualities. We show that transmission functors naturally extracted from extended topological field theories with surface defects give a physical realization of the bijection between invertible bimodule categories of a fusion category and braided auto-equivalences of its Drinfeld center. The latter provides the labels for bulk Wilson lines; it follows that a symmetry is completely characterized by its action on bulk Wilson lines.