WorldWideScience

Sample records for charter rates

  1. A Co-integration Approach to Forecasting Container Carriers' Time Charter Rates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fei-er; ZHANG Ren-yi

    2008-01-01

    A vector autoregressive model was developed for a sample of container carrier time charter rates.Although the series of time charter rates are themselves found non-stationary, thus precluding the use of manymodeling methodologies, evidence provided by co-integration tests points to the existence of stable long-termrelationships between the series. An assessment of the forecasts derived from the model suggests that the spec-ification of these long-term relationships does not improve the accuracy of long-term forecasts. These resultsare interpreted as a corroboration of the efficient market hypothesis.

  2. Explaining the Gap in Charter and Traditional Public School Teacher Turnover Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David A.; Smith, Thomas M.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses national survey data to examine why charter school teachers are more likely to turnover than their traditional public school counterparts. We test whether the turnover gap is explained by different distributions of factors that are empirically and theoretically linked to turnover risk. We find that the turnover rate of charter…

  3. National Transuranic Program Charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Transuranic Program Plan and Charter describes the functional elements of the National TRU Program, organizational relationships, programmatic responsibilities, division of work scope among the various DOE organizations that comprise the program, and program baselines against which overall progress will be measured. The charter defines the authorities and responsibilities of various organizations involved in the management of TRU waste throughout the DOE complex

  4. Integrated Forest Management Charter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Leslie A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-24

    The purpose of this charter is to establish, maintain, and implement programs for the protection, preservation, and enhancement of the land and water resources of Los Alamos National Laboratory in a changing climate.

  5. Principal Turnover: Upheaval and Uncertainty in Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Yongmei; Sun, Min; Rorrer, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Informed by literature on labor market and school choice, this study aims to examine the dynamics of principal career movements in charter schools by comparing principal turnover rates and patterns between charter schools and traditional public schools. Research Methods/Approach: This study uses longitudinal data on Utah principals and…

  6. Achievement and Attainment in Chicago Charter Schools: A Summary. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booker, Kevin; Gill, Brian; Zimmer, Ron; Sass, Tim R.

    2008-01-01

    Chicago's "multi-grade" charter high schools (those that include middle school grades) appear to be increasing students' rates of graduation and college entry. The overall performance of Chicago's charter schools in raising student test scores is approximately on par with that of traditional public schools in Chicago. Charter schools in Chicago…

  7. Charter School Contracts. Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cass, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    The charter school concept was first introduced in 1991 when the Minnesota Legislature passed the nation's first charter school law. As of this writing in 2009, 40 states and the District of Columbia have charter school legislation. While the specific characteristics and nuances of these laws vary from state to state, almost every state law…

  8. Charter Schools: Experiments in Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, David

    By March 1994, eight states had adopted charter-school legislation. This report defines the charter-school concept and describes its advantages and disadvantages. Proponents argue that charter schools offer flexibility, decentralized decision making, a performance accountability, and school choice, and increased pressure for change. Opponents…

  9. Charter Schools and Market Segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batie, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation was undertaken to examine the effect(s) of charter school marketing on the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) education landscape with respect to the stratification of charter schools. Information from four sources: school websites, a survey of charter school parents, existing online statistics and data, and various…

  10. Charter School Replication. Policy Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2009-01-01

    "Replication" is the practice of a single charter school board or management organization opening several more schools that are each based on the same school model. The most rapid strategy to increase the number of new high-quality charter schools available to children is to encourage the replication of existing quality schools. This policy guide…

  11. Boot Camps for Charter Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronholz, June

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses the question of who owns the responsibility when a charter school gets into trouble--when its students aren't learning, or it misses its enrollment targets, or money runs short, or it closes. Upon presenting this question to a director of a charter school, a board member, and a Massachusetts-based education consultant and…

  12. Dangers Facing the Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Javier Reyes

    2010-01-01

    The article explores social and educational processes that could undermine the Earth Charter's promise. It points out that the meaning of the Charter would be affected if it is used in a doctrinaire manner, if individuals or groups assume the role of its legitimate and expert emissaries, if it takes on a messianic tone in its central ideas, if it…

  13. Patient's rights charter in Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Parsapoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Given the importance of patient's rights in healthcare, special attention has been given to the concept of patient's rights by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in Iran. Iranian patient's rights charter has been compiled with a novel and comprehensive approach. This charter aims to elucidate rights of recipients of health services as well as observing ethical standards in medicine. This paper presents the Iranian patient's rights charter. Based on a study done from 2007 to 2009, the charter has been finalized through an extensive consultation involving all stakeholders, patients, physicians, nurses, lawyers, patient associations and health policy makers. The developed charter was adopted by the Ministry of Health in December 2009. Iranian patient's rights charter has been formulated in the framework of 5 chapters and 37 articles including vision and an explanatory note. The five chapters concern right to receiving appropriate services, right to access desired and enough information, right to choose and decide freely about receiving healthcare, right to privacy and confidentiality, and finally right to access an efficient system of dealing with complaints which have been explained in 14, 9, 7, 4 and 3 articles, respectively.  The paper concludes that, adopting the patient's rights charter is a valuable measure to meet patient's rights; however, a serious challenge is how to implement and acculturate observing patient's rights in practice in our healthcare system in Iran.

  14. Mobility Charters and Manifestos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2010-01-01

    This paper explore a number of different cases of articulating notions of ‘correct’ mobility behavior and practice by looking into charters, manifestos and codes of mobility regulation. Within such discourses of ‘correct mobility’ more or less subtle expressions of power as well as normative...... and ethical positions on mobility prevail. Such ‘imagined correct mobility behavior’ are drawing on larger issues of societal change that need to be brought out in a critical analysis and discussion reflecting the attempts to control, design and orchestrate mobility patterns. The paper therefore argues within...... the ‘mobility turn’ that mobility is much more than movement from A to B. Seeing the cultural dimension as well as the underpinning power plays of normative mobility discourses opens up the reflection about imagined futures and imagined mobile subjects. Theoretically the paper bridges discourse studies...

  15. Charter Halibut Limited Access Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This limited access system limits the number of charter vessels that may participate in the guided sport fishery for halibut in area 2C and 3A. NMFS issues a...

  16. Earth Charter and nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chapter presents Earth Charter, where are listed the principles in 4 sections: 1) respect and take care of the life community; 2) environmental integrity; social and economic welfare; 4) democracy, no-violence and peace

  17. Leading Charters: How Charter School Administrators Define Their Roles and Their Ability to Lead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick Michael, II; Peak, Charity

    2013-01-01

    Charter schools have been studied from numerous perspectives. One topic that remains under-researched, however, is charter school leadership. Therefore, we examine how charter administrators define their leadership roles and their ability to lead. Results indicate that charter principals see three primary functions in their leadership--building…

  18. Pelagic Charter Boat Patrons (1999-2001)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This study describes several aspects of the charter fishing experience, including patrons' motivations for coming to Hawaii and going charter fishing, their related...

  19. Is Racial Segregation Changing in Charter Schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin; Lubienski, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools embody the theoretical potential to promote integration since they can draw students from across district boundaries that often reflect segregated residential patterns. While a number of studies have examined overall racial composition of charter schools, virtually no attention has been paid to how charter school enrollment…

  20. Are Charter School Unions Worth the Bargain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Mitch

    2011-01-01

    About 12 percent of all charter schools have bargaining agreements. Why do charter schools unionize? What is in these charter school contracts? Can they be considered innovative or models for union reform? And how do they compare to traditional district/union teacher contracts? Center on Reinventing Public Education legal analyst Mitch Price…

  1. New Mexico Charter Schools Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Mexico Public Education Department, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, the New Mexico legislature passed changes to the Charter School Act that provided more accountability for both charters and authorizers in New Mexico. As part of that law, the Public Education Department (PED) is asked to submit an annual report on the status of charter schools in New Mexico. This is the first report submitted under that…

  2. New Hampshire Charter Schools Parent Study 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julius, Tom

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted in Spring 2011 with the purpose of better understanding the nature and experiences of New Hampshire charter school parents. Nine out of ten operating NH charter schools participated. Parents were invited to participate in an on-line survey and on-site focus group interviews. Results provide a profile of NH charter school…

  3. Study of the Relationship between Self-Reported Leadership Styles of Charter School Principals and Their Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizor, John O.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study, using the three-way repeated measures ANOVA, was to identify certain leadership styles used by effective and ineffective charter high school principals that impact the students' academic achievement. Principal ratings and school demographic characteristics were gathered from 19 charter schools. The…

  4. Ethnic Segregation in Arizona Charter Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casey D. Cobb

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the criticisms of charter schools is their potential to further stratify schools along ethnic and class lines. This study addressed whether Arizona charter schools are more ethnically segregated than traditional public schools. In 1996-97, Arizona had nearly one in four of all charter schools in the United States. The analysis involved a series of comparisons between the ethnic compositions of adjacent charter and public schools in Arizona's most populated region and its rural towns. This methodology differed from the approach of many evaluations of charter schools and ethnic stratification in that it incorporated the use of geographic maps to compare schools' ethnic make-ups. The ethnic compositions of 55 urban and 57 rural charter schools were inspected relative to their traditional public school neighbors.

  5. Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

    2008-01-01

    This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

  6. Understanding Charter School Governance: A Case Study of a Conversion Charter School Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, David Mark

    2010-01-01

    The charter school movement has been at the forefront of educational reform since the 1990s. The majority of charter school research has focused on academic achievement and issues of access, equity, and funding. Less attention has focused on charter school governance, yet evidence suggests that governance challenges represent a significant…

  7. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes Finch; Dan Lapsley; Mary Baker-Boudissa

    2009-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis model was used to identify significant predictors of student mobility within and from a state charter school system, using factors at both the st...

  8. Charters, K-12 Aid Roiling Wash. State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ujifusa, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    A tight race for governor, the heavy burden of rebuilding a school funding system recently declared unconstitutional, and a fourth ballot measure in two decades on charter schools has placed Washington state on an intense--and unpredictable--road for education this year. Washington is one of nine states that do not allow charter schools, and the…

  9. Help for Charters in Race for Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2008-01-01

    The world of charter school facilities is sometimes strange. Many charter operators have had to show considerable creativity and resourcefulness in finding a place to educate their students, whether it's a former K-Mart or car dealership, a church facility, or space in an office complex. Obtaining and paying for adequate facilities are often big…

  10. Earth Charter, ESD and Chinese Philosophies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yunhua; Constable, Alicia

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between the Earth Charter and education for sustainable development (ESD), as part of the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development. The areas of shared interest between the two are assessed and the invaluable nature of the Earth Charter as a resource outlining global values and principles for a…

  11. A Cost Estimation Tool for Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Cheryl D.; Keller, Eric

    2009-01-01

    To align their financing strategies and fundraising efforts with their fiscal needs, charter school leaders need to know how much funding they need and what that funding will support. This cost estimation tool offers a simple set of worksheets to help start-up charter school operators identify and estimate the range of costs and timing of…

  12. Books or Guards? Charter School Security Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeAngelis, Karen J.; Brent, Brian O.

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about the costs charter schools incur to foster security--a vexing phenomenon when one considers policymakers' and parents' seemingly high and growing want for school safety. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics and Texas, we reveal how much charter schools spend on security, how they put these resources to…

  13. State Policy Regimes and Charter School Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelz, Mikael L.

    2015-01-01

    The policy diffusion framework is critical to understanding the spread of policy innovations such as charter schools in the United States. This framework, however, is less instructive in explaining the state-by-state configuration of these policies. What explains the wide variation in charter school policy among states? This study addresses this…

  14. The Uneven Performance of Arizona's Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R.

    2015-01-01

    Arizona enrolls a larger share of its students in charter schools than any other state in the country, but no comprehensive examination exists of the impact of those schools on student achievement. Using student-level data covering all Arizona students from 2006 to 2012, we find that the performance of charter schools in Arizona in improving…

  15. Charter Schools and the Teacher Job Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the position of charter schools in prospective elementary teachers' job search decisions. Using a labor market segmentation framework, it explores teacher applicants' decisions to apply to charter schools. The data come from a mixed-methods longitudinal study of prospective teachers looking for their first job. This article…

  16. Details from the Dashboard: Charter Schools by Geographic Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    While a majority of charter schools nationwide operate in urban and suburban areas, charter schools exist in all corners of the nation, and are expanding into all types of communities. This "Details from the Dashboard" report presents statistics on the number of charter schools and students enrolled in charter schools by the four geographic…

  17. 29 CFR 1912a.12 - Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH § 1912a.12 Charter. The Committee shall... enactment of the Occupational Safety and Health Act....

  18. Hawaii Charter Fishing Cost Earnings Survey 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data represent a cost-earnings study of the main Hawaiian Island Charter fishing fleet in 2012. Data collected include fisher classification, vessel...

  19. Charterer's Liability Insurance : A Type of Marine Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The “charterer’s liability insurance” is a type of marine insurance. Most ships are chartered either on a time charter or voyage charter contract. In both cases the charterer assumes liabilities towards the shipowner because of damage caused to the ship in the course of cargo-handling or because of damage resulting from an unsafe port or berth. And also, the charterer becomes liable similarly to the shipowner, with P&I liability to cargo, pollution claims and etc. All charterers require cover...

  20. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holmes Finch

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival analysis model was used to identify significant predictors of student mobility within and from a state charter school system, using factors at both the student and school levels. Results indicated that initial student achievement upon first entering a charter school, student ethnicity, participation in a Title I funded program, and average years of teacher experience at the school were all associated with the decision to leave the charter. Specifically, students with higher initial achievement scores, those eligible for Title 1 services, and non-Caucasian students were more likely to leave charter schools prematurely. In addition, schools with a more experienced faculty had lower early departure rates than did those with less experienced teachers.

  1. Does Charter Status Determine Preferences? Comparing the Hiring Preferences of Charter and Traditional Public School Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa; Engel, Mimi

    2012-01-01

    The academic success of any school depends on its teachers. However, relatively little research exists on the qualities principals value in teacher hiring, and we know almost nothing about charter school principals' preferences. This article addresses this gap in the literature using survey results for a matched sample of charter and traditional…

  2. 76 FR 4281 - Recreation Resource Advisory Committees Charter Reestablishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... Forest Service Recreation Resource Advisory Committees Charter Reestablishment AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of intent to reestablish the Recreation Resource Advisory Committees. SUMMARY: The Secretary of Agriculture intends to reestablish the charter for 5 Forest Service Recreation...

  3. Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Frankenberg

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Segregation patterns in the nation's charter schools are studied. After reviewing state charter legislation that directly addresses issues of racial and ethnic balance of student enrollment, we briefly examine the racial composition and segregation of the charter school population nationally. School-level analyses, aggregated by state constitute the primary method of studying segregation in charter schools. First, we look at racial composition and segregation of charter schools by state. Then, we consider the differences in segregation between non-charter public schools (or simply "public schools" for convenience and charter schools, as well as segregation within the charter school sector. We conclude with a discussion of the article's findings and recommendations to promote further racial equity in this growing sector of public schools.

  4. Sustainable development - the ICC business charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) prepared and approved, in November 1990, the ''Business Charter for Sustainable Development; a set of principles for environmental management''. Environmental protection is a necessary part of sustainable development but, too often, the performance of business is seen by society as inadequate. Improved environmental performance is essential if business is to regain public trust, reduce the pressures on governments to over-legislate, and strengthen the business voice in debate on public policy. The Charter has been prepared as a major pro-active business initiative by enterprises around the world. This is timely in view of the extensive international debate on environmental issues and the widespread acceptance of the ''Sustainable Development'' concept. Sustainable development involves meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Although the objective of the Charter is that the widest range of enterprises as organizations commit themselves to improving their environmental performance in accordance with the Principles of the Charter, an individual branch of industry may also meet the goals of the Charter. The paper evaluates how the practices implemented in the field of nuclear energy are in harmony with the principles. The conclusion is that nuclear is in the avant garde within the wide spectrum of industrial activities. This conclusion should assist nuclear energy to improve its public acceptance. (author)

  5. 22 CFR 8.8 - Chartering of committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... information set forth in the charter of the parent committee. (3) Informal subgroups may not require a charter; however, the charter of the parent committee must cover this aspect of its organization. (4) The Advisory... other committees; the committee organization, composition of membership and officers'...

  6. Charter School Autonomy: The Mismatch between Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnigan, Kara S.

    2007-01-01

    In theory, the charter school concept is based on a trade-off or exchange: greater autonomy for increased accountability. Although charter schools have been operating for more than 10 years, little is known about charter school autonomy in practice. This mixed-methods study used survey and case study data to examine the degree of autonomy of…

  7. 75 FR 28849 - Renewal of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter SUMMARY: The Charter of the Department of State's Cultural Property Advisory Committee (CPAC) has been renewed for an additional two years. The Charter of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee is being renewed for a two-year period. The Committee...

  8. 77 FR 31682 - Renewal of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... of Cultural Property Advisory Committee Charter SUMMARY: The Charter of the Department of State's Cultural Property Advisory Committee (CPAC) has been renewed for an additional two years. The Charter of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee is being renewed for a two-year period. The Committee...

  9. Not Just Urban Policy: Suburbs, Segregation, and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2012-01-01

    As the charter school sector expands rapidly with federal support amid on-going diversification and growing segregation among traditional public school students, this article examines existing patterns of segregation in charter schools. Prior research has demonstrated that charter schools are substantially more segregated than our already…

  10. 12 CFR 747.406 - Cancellation of charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Federal credit union has been completed, the NCUA Board shall cancel the charter of the Federal... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cancellation of charter. 747.406 Section 747... and Procedures Applicable to Proceedings Relating to the Suspension or Revocation of Charters and...

  11. 50 CFR 300.67 - Charter halibut limited access program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of a vessel with one or more charter vessel anglers catching and retaining Pacific halibut on board a vessel must have on board the vessel an original valid charter halibut permit or permits endorsed for the... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Charter halibut limited access...

  12. Equity Overlooked: Charter Schools and Civil Rights Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2009-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) is in the midst of an analysis of rapidly growing charter school enrollment, which the authors anticipate releasing next month. Similar to trends described in their 2003 report and in other research on racial isolation in charter schools, they find higher levels of segregation for black students in charter schools…

  13. Charter Schools, Civil Rights and School Discipline: A Comprehensive Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losen, Daniel J.; Keith, Michael A., II; Hodson, Cheri L.; Martinez, Tia E.

    2016-01-01

    This report, along with the companion spreadsheet, provides the first comprehensive description ever compiled of charter school discipline. In 2011-12, every one of the nation's 95,000 public schools was required to report its school discipline data, including charter schools. This analysis, which includes more than 5,250 charter schools, focuses…

  14. 41 CFR 105-54.203-2 - Active charters file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Active charters file. 105-54.203-2 Section 105-54.203-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management... charters file. The GSA Committee Management Officer retains each original signed charter in a file...

  15. On the Charter Question: Black Marxism and Black Nationalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Mark; Hussain, Khuram

    2015-01-01

    This article brings two black intellectual traditions to bear on the question of charter schools: black Marxism and black nationalism. The authors examine the theoretical and rhetorical devices used to talk about charters schools by focusing on how notions of "black liberation" are deployed by the charter movement, and to what end. The…

  16. Performance-Based Accountability: Newarks Charter School Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Kathe; Sadovnik, Alan; Visconti, Louisa

    This study assessed how New Jersey's state accountability system encouraged or thwarted charter school success, how effectively performance standards were defined and enacted by authorizing agents, and how individual charter schools were developing accountability processes that made them more or less successful than their charter school…

  17. Academic Achievement of Students in a Charter Homeschool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leeds, Mary A.

    2009-01-01

    A recent development in education is the public charter school as a homeschool model. In several states across the nation, a child may enroll in an independent study program of a public charter school and base his or her studies in the home. This model in the realm of education is called charter homeschool. The state of California has over 120…

  18. 76 FR 16597 - Forestry Research Advisory Council Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... Office of the Secretary Forestry Research Advisory Council Charter Renewal AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, USDA. ACTION: Notice of the Forestry Research Advisory Council charter renewal. SUMMARY: The Secretary of Agriculture has renewed the charter of the Forestry Research Advisory Council (FRAC),...

  19. Charter School Parents and Their Perceptions of Independent Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Amada

    2014-01-01

    Given that independent schools have started to face competition from charter schools, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned a study with current and prospective charter school parents to determine their perceptions of charter vs. independent schools, assess the relative impact of the variables that affect their school…

  20. Yacht charter in Portugal- developing a business model for a sailing charter company

    OpenAIRE

    Kalcic, Natasa

    2016-01-01

    Given the signals that Portugal can be a great destination for charter sailing, the purpose of this work is to disprove this. Thereby the model of Porter’s five forces has been used to analyze the Portuguese yacht charter market, whereas a SWOT analysis should give an overview and compare the Portuguese market with the well running charter market of Croatia. The research outcome on the supply side as well as on the demand side should then serve as a foundation for establishing a ...

  1. Investigating Leadership in Charter Schools: An Examination of the Leadership Traits of Executive Directors in Successful Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloomfield, Brian D.

    2013-01-01

    This study was a qualitative exploration of educational leadership within charter schools in an attempt to identify traits demonstrated by executive directors of successful charter schools. Because much research has been conducted to identify trends in educational leadership, but comparable little within the unique context of charter schools, and…

  2. Entrepreneurial Alliances: A Study of Entrepreneurship and Strategic Alliances in the Charter School Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Cheryl A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the practices, processes, and success rates of 15 entrepreneurial alliances in the Texas charter school industry. The research involved interdisciplinary industries (business and education) and focused on how a specific type of alliance structure utilized social innovation to exploit opportunity and impact change in the…

  3. Charter Schools: The 65% Instructional Expenditure Ratio and College-Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, Don P.; Slate, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We investigated for all of the charter school districts (n = 192) in the State of Texas for the 2008-2009 school year the relationship between the 65% instructional expenditures ratio mandate and college-readiness rates in reading, math, and in both subjects for all high school students and then separately for African American, Hispanic, and White…

  4. A Survival Analysis of Student Mobility and Retention in Indiana Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, Holmes; Lapsley, Daniel K.; Baker-Boudissa, Mary

    2009-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that high rates of student mobility are associated with a range of negative academic outcomes, both for students who leave their schools and those who remain behind. The current study focused on mobility among those enrolled in charter schools in the state of Indiana. A multilevel Cox Proportional Hazards survival…

  5. Why Do Charter Schools Fail? - An Analysis of Charter School Survival in New Jersey

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Schwenkenberg; James VanderHoff

    2013-01-01

    The reasons for charter school failure may determine if charter school competition improves public education. We estimate survival regressions to assess the effects of various factors on the probability of school failure. We find that students’ test scores are the most important determinant of survival: a one standard deviation increase reduces the probability of failure by at least 72%. Higher expenditures on facilities and a longer waitlist result in smaller but significant reductions in th...

  6. Charter Schools and Student Compositions of Traditional Public Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevbahar Ertas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the most contentious urban education policy issues in the United States today is the expansion of charter schools and its repercussions. Does the expansion of charter schools affect the racial and socioeconomic composition of traditional public schools in the United States? This study provides empirical evidence on this question by relying on a panel design that uses school-level data from two states that have experimented with charter schools for more than 15 years: Ohio and Texas. Using county-level, spatial, and enrollment-based measures of charter exposure, the changes from pre- to post-charter-legislation stages in the student compositions of public schools that do and do not face competition from charters are examined. The results suggest that charter school presence contributes to aggregate-level changes in the share of non-Hispanic White and free-lunch-eligible students in traditional public schools in both states in different ways.

  7. Consequences of team charter quality: Teamwork mental model similarity and team viability in engineering design student teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway Hughston, Veronica

    Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning---including team charters. Team charters were diffused into engineering education as one of many instructional activities to meet the ABET accreditation mandates. However, the implementation and execution of team charters into engineering team based classes has been inconsistent and accepted without empirical evidence of the consequences. The purpose of the current study was to investigate team effectiveness, operationalized as team viability, as an outcome of team charter implementation in an undergraduate engineering team based design course. Two research questions were the focus of the study: a) What is the relationship between team charter quality and viability in engineering student teams, and b) What is the relationship among team charter quality, teamwork mental model similarity, and viability in engineering student teams? Thirty-eight intact teams, 23 treatment and 15 comparison, participated in the investigation. Treatment teams attended a team charter lecture, and completed a team charter homework assignment. Each team charter was assessed and assigned a quality score. Comparison teams did not join the lecture, and were not asked to create a team charter. All teams completed each data collection phase: a) similarity rating pretest; b) similarity posttest; and c) team viability survey. Findings indicate that team viability was higher in teams that attended the lecture and completed the charter assignment. Teams with higher quality team charter scores reported higher levels of team viability than teams with lower quality charter scores. Lastly, no evidence was found to support teamwork mental model similarity as a partial mediator of the team charter quality on team viability

  8. Teacher Turnover in Charter Schools. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuit, David; Smith, Thomas M.

    2010-01-01

    The current study aimed to contribute to a deeper understanding of the organizational conditions of charter schools by examining teacher turnover. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) 2003-04 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS), researchers from the National Center on School…

  9. Improving Dispute Resolution: Student Contracts and Charters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, G. R.

    2011-01-01

    The sector is entering a climate of future funding cuts and fee rises, which are likely to prompt a growing number and widening range of disputes. This article describes the launch of a new Improving Dispute Resolution Advisory Service. The particular questions raised in this context by the introduction of student charters and the relationship of…

  10. 12 CFR 552.4 - Charter amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... charter by substituting a new corporate title in section 1. (2) Home office. A Federal savings association... performed for the association, or any combination of the foregoing. In the absence of actual fraud in the... any corporate action (other than the removal of directors) the affirmative vote of a larger...

  11. 34 CFR 300.7 - Charter school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charter school. 300.7 Section 300.7 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  12. Charter School Innovations: A Teacher Growth Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radoslovich, Julie; Roberts, Shelley; Plaza, Andres

    2014-01-01

    Committed to being a charter school with a professional learning community that empowers teachers, New Mexico's South Valley Academy (SVA) staff transformed its state evaluation process into a practitioner action research process (Anderson, Herr, & Nihlen, 2007). While teachers self-diagnose growth needs and play active roles in improving…

  13. Exploring the Competitive Effects of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II; Medina, Paul M.

    2011-01-01

    Central to the debate over school choice has been the question of how public schools respond to market-based competition. Many choice advocates suggest that competition can spur public schools to become more effective and efficient, but the evidence regarding the effect of competition from charters is comparably sparse and mixed. This article…

  14. 44 CFR 12.7 - Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Charter. 12.7 Section 12.7 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... also be furnished at the time of filing to the Library of Congress, Exchange and Gift Division,...

  15. Measuring Charter School Efficiency: An Early Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Dick M., II; Noller, Scott L.

    2010-01-01

    In an era of increased accountability and challenging times for public finance, charter schools built on decentralization, grassroots accountability, and market forces may provide, in the spirit of "educational laboratories," lessons for increasing student achievement more efficiently through diverse and innovative management, organization,…

  16. Studies Spotlight Charter Schools Aimed at Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubrzycki, Jaclyn

    2012-01-01

    Nearly six decades after "Brown" v. "Board of Education," the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that ushered in an era of efforts to integrate public schools, charter school advocates and researchers are shining a light on a number of those independent public schools that are integrated by design. Two new reports--one from the National Alliance…

  17. Effectiveness of Cyber Charter Schools: A Review of Research on Learnings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanaugh, Cathy

    2009-01-01

    Cyber charter schools in the United States have attracted considerable interest for students and families as alternatives to other public schools, as well as from policymakers. As charter school laws are enacted state-by-state, the climate for charter schools, including cyber charters grows more favorable. As of 2008, over 4500 charter schools…

  18. Charter School Board Characteristics, Composition and Practices and Charter School Outcomes: An Organizational Effectiveness Approach to Evaluating and Understanding Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frazier, Bernita Maria

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools are "autonomous, publicly funded entities that operate on the basis of a contract between the individual and/or group (e.g., teachers, parents, others) which organizes the school and a sponsor (typically local or state education boards or districts)" (Lavine, 1994, p. 8). Charter schools are responsible to sponsors for their…

  19. 76 FR 44324 - Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... AGENCY Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. The Charter for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board (ELAB) will be renewed for an additional...

  20. Charter school tax credit: Investing in human capital

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Galloway

    2010-01-01

    This working paper considers how two existing policy tools--investment tax credits and charter schools--could be combined to raise operating funds for charter schools that successfully close the poverty-related academic achievement gap. Some charter schools have succeeded in dramatically improving low-income student performance (those run by KIPP, Achievement First, and the Harlem Children's Zone, for example). However, these successful schools differ significantly in type and approach. As a ...

  1. The United Nations Charter as Constitution of the International Community

    OpenAIRE

    Fassbender, Bardo

    1998-01-01

    The Charter of the United Nations was brought into existence in the form of an international treaty. In the course of the last fifty years, however, the "constitutional predisposition" of the Charter has been confirmed and strengthened in such a way that today the Instrument must be referred to as the constitution of the international community. In this article, the author suggests that the Charter is the constitution of the international community in ist entirety, i.e., for all subjects of i...

  2. Atarek Kamil Ibrahim & Co. Chartered Accountants

    OpenAIRE

    Zakiah Muhammaddun Mohamed; Aini Aman; Noradiva Hamzah; Sofiah Md. Auzair

    2010-01-01

    Atarek Kamil Ibrahim & Co. Chartered Accountants (hereafter referred to as AKI) is a public accounting firm named after its founder Tuan Haji Atarek Kamil Ibrahim (hereafter referred to as Atarek). The firm offers a wide range of services to its customers since its establishment in 1989. The head office of AKI is in Kuala Lumpur and it has branches in Melaka, Johor Bahru, Ipoh, Kuala Terrengganu, Kota Baru, Kuching, Miri and Kota Kinabalu. The partners of AKI are planning to expand the compan...

  3. Standard Chartered: Is China Ready?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan; Yang Wei

    2008-01-01

    @@ In the midst of the long lasting subprime related financial crisis,different parties in the United States have taken several measures to stimulate the economy and prevent a possible recession.These include the recent cuts in the key interest rate by the Federal Reserve and the stimulus package hashed out between Congress and the White House.

  4. 76 FR 79751 - Industry Advisory Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Industry Advisory Panel: Notice of Charter Renewal The Under Secretary for Management has approved the renewal of the charter for the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations' (OBO)...

  5. 78 FR 26995 - National Charter Schools Week, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ... expect high standards and accountability, and make tough decisions to close charter schools that are... thriving middle class. Achieving that vision means making sure our education system provides ladders of.... Many charter schools choose to locate in communities with few high- quality educational options,...

  6. State Policy Snapshot: School District Facilities and Public Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simnick, Russ

    2015-01-01

    One of the greatest challenges to the health of the public charter school movement is access to adequate facilities in which the schools operate. Public charter school facilities are rarely funded on par with school district facilities. Over the years, more states have come to realize that they have an obligation to ensure that all public school…

  7. Comparing New School Effects in Charter and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.; Loveless, Tom

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates whether student achievement varies during the institutional life span of charter schools by comparing them to new public schools. The results show that there is little evidence that new public schools struggle with initial start-up issues to the same extent as new charter schools. Even after controlling for school…

  8. Details from the Dashboard: Charter School Race/Ethnicity Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This "Details from the Dashboard" report examines race/ethnicity breakouts for public charter schools and traditional public schools at the state and the school district level. The data in this report indicate that in the large majority of states, the race/ethnicity student demographics of charter schools are almost identical to those of the…

  9. 78 FR 59880 - Enhanced Consumer Protections for Charter Air Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... Privacy Act statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78), or you may... carrier that contracted with the charter customer learns of the change. A ``reasonable'' time would be... and other similarly situated air charter brokers from the requirements of 49 U.S.C. 41101...

  10. 75 FR 24367 - National Charter Schools Week, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... have a chance to realize the American Dream. Principals, teachers, parents, school boards, and.... NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority... 8, 2010, as National Charter Schools Week. I commend our Nation's charter schools, teachers,...

  11. 14 CFR 380.17 - Charters conducted by educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... president, certifying that it meets the definition of “educational institution” set forth in § 380.2. (c) An... conducted by educational institutions. (a) This section shall apply only to charters conducted by educational institutions for charter groups comprised of bona fide participants in a formal academic course...

  12. Cultivating Life Skills at a Project-Based Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurdinger, Scott; Enloe, Walter

    2011-01-01

    Surveys that focused on academic and life skill development were collected from alumni who attended Avalon Charter School in St Paul, Minnesota. Avalon is a small public charter school that uses project-based learning as their primary teaching method. Forty-two alumni responded to the online survey. Students ranked life skills such as creativity,…

  13. Charter Schools and the Risk of Increased Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotberg, Iris C.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a wide array of research on the link between school choice programs and student segregation and draws implications for the Obama Administration's policy promoting the national expansion of charter schools. The research demonstrates how the proliferation of charter schools risks increasing current levels of segregation…

  14. Principles & Standards for Quality Charter School Authorizing. 2012 Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Charter school authorizing is a powerful strategy for making excellent public schools and educational opportunities available to all students. Done well, charter authorizing increases student achievement by expanding the supply of quality public schools to satisfy unmet needs--particularly by providing life-changing opportunities for students…

  15. 78 FR 66964 - International Space Station Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION International Space Station Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National... International Space Station Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: Pursuant to sections 14(b)(1) and 9(c) of the Federal... charter of the International Space Station Advisory Committee is in the public interest in connection......

  16. Charter School Competition, Organization, and Achievement in Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Tomeka M.

    2013-01-01

    Market models of education reform predict that the growth of charter schools will infuse competition into the public school sector, forcing traditional public schools to improve the practices they engage in to educate students. Some scholars have criticized these models, arguing that competition from charter schools is unlikely to produce…

  17. 78 FR 57903 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal and amendment of the charter of the Aerospace... the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel is in the public interest in connection with the performance...

  18. The Nature of Online Charter Schools: Evolution and Emerging Concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Lisa Hasler; Barbour, Michael K.; Menchaca, Michael P.

    2014-01-01

    Online charter schools are unique among K-12 online learning options for students. They are full-time, public schools that combine online learning with traditional and home schooling practices. They are often chartered by a state agency, supported in full or in part with state funds and most often managed by a private educational management…

  19. Charter Schools: An Experiment in School Reform. ASPIRA Issue Brief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittmar, Belinda Corazon; And Others

    Charter schools incorporate the focus of magnet schools but often go beyond their academic specialization to more social goals. They can operate at both elementary and secondary levels, although they are always quite small. The greatest difference, however, between charter schools and other public schools is their status as a bridge between public…

  20. A Phenomenological Narrative Study: Elementary Charter School Principals' Managerial Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetinkaya, Ahmet

    2016-01-01

    This study was a phenomenological narrative research investigating the managerial roles of elementary charter school principals. Managerial leadership practices were investigated under three categories personnel management, student management, and finance management. Elementary charter school principals provided positive feedback for having small…

  1. Charter Schools and the Teacher Job Search in Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannata, Marisa

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the position of charter schools in prospective elementary teachers' job search decisions. Using a labor market segmentation framework, it explores teacher applicants' decisions to apply to charter schools. The data come from a mixed-methods longitudinal study of prospective teachers looking for their first job. This paper finds…

  2. Much Ado about Nothing? Innovation in Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Courtney; Goldring, Ellen; Berends, Mark; Cannata, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for measuring innovation in charter schools. The authors ask two questions: (1) What practices constitute innovation in various local and state contexts?; and (2) Do levels and types of innovation differ between charter schools and traditional public schools? The authors' sample frame includes…

  3. Charter Schools; Franchise for Creativity or License for Fractionation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wayson, William W.

    1999-01-01

    Charter schools can foster greed or graft more easily than they can become models for what schools should be, and it is not likely that they can change the educational system. However, charter schools can promote creativity and they have the potential for making small impacts that can change the world one child at a time. (SLD)

  4. Effective Uses of CSP Grant Funds in Tennessee Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Andrew; Webb, Leigh

    2013-01-01

    The topic of educational spending and its connection to student achievement was long-debated before charter schools entered the conversation. With the rise in government spending on education, particularly charter school funding, the financial debate has strengthened and evoked much controversy. Though the Tennessee Department of Education (TNDOE)…

  5. Review of "Going Exponential: Growing the Charter School Sector's Best"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, David

    2011-01-01

    This Progressive Policy Institute report argues that charter schools should be expanded rapidly and exponentially. Citing exponential growth organizations, such as Starbucks and Apple, as well as the rapid growth of molds, viruses and cancers, the report advocates for similar growth models for charter schools. However, there is no explanation of…

  6. Protecting Geoheritage - Geodiversity Charter for England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlop, Lesley

    2016-04-01

    The Geodiversity Charter for England, launched in 2014, sets out the clear vision that England's 'geodiversity is recognised as an integral and vital part of our environment, economy and heritage that must be safeguarded and managed for current and future generations'. England is privileged to be among the most geodiverse places in the world with 700 million years of geological history revealed by our rocks. The white cliffs of Dover, honey coloured Cotswold limestone, granite Dartmoor Tors, are examples of this geodiversity. To maintain and enhance our geodiversity it is important to recognise its role in: • the understanding of England's geological history and global geosciences • natural heritage, both terrestrial and marine, and landscapes in all their diversity • supporting habitats and species and the many essential benefits they provide for society • adaptation to changes in climate and sea-level through sustainable management of land and water and working with natural processes • sustainable economic development • the history, character and cultural development of our society through intellectual growth and creative expression alongside industrial and technological development • public health, quality of life and national well-being and connecting people with the natural environment including active promotion of geotourism. Geodiversity, however, is an often overlooked environmental asset. The vision of the Charter and the work of the English Geodiversity Forum is to encourage good practice and to act as a focus in order to: • raise awareness of the importance, value and relevance of geodiversity to our economic prosperity and comfort and its wider links with the natural environment, landscape, cultural and historical heritage and sense of place • encourage a sense of pride through education and learning, promotion and interpretation • promote careful management of geodiversity through conservation and enhancement of its special

  7. Charter Schools and Special Education: Balancing Disparate Visions. An Investigation of Charter Schools and Special Education in Fifteen States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren M.; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    This report describes activities and findings of Project SEARCH, an on-going qualitative research project investigating the current status of policies regarding children with disabilities in charter schools. The project has involved a preliminary analysis of all current charter laws to examine the inclusion of students with disabilities and a more…

  8. Exploring Quality Programs for English Language Learners in Charter Schools: A Framework to Guide Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Peggie; Morales, P. Zitlali

    2016-01-01

    Although there has been a great deal of debate about the effectiveness of charter schools in the research literature, there has been surprisingly little attention paid to English language learners (ELLs) in charter schools. Moreover, the charter school research has predominantly focused on whether or not charter schools are effective rather than…

  9. Reducing ABA Litigation through Autism-Centric Charter Schools: Legally Viable or Vulnerable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decker, Janet R.

    2010-01-01

    A recent study discovered that charter schools designed for children with autism or "autism-centric charter schools" comprise half of the total number of charter schools designed for children with disabilities. However, these unique charter schools may be vulnerable to legal challenges because they may be violating the Individuals with…

  10. Details from the Dashboard: Estimated Number of Public Charter Schools & Students, 2014-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2015

    2015-01-01

    During the 2014-15 school year, almost 500 new public charter schools opened. An estimated 348,000 additional students were attending public charter schools in the 2014-15 school year compared with the previous school year. With the addition of new charter schools and students, there are now more than 6,700 public charter schools enrolling about…

  11. Resource Allocation and Performance Management in Charter Schools: Connections to Student Success. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Kenneth K.; Shen, Francis X.; Purvis, Elizabeth D.

    2010-01-01

    A consensus is emerging among researchers who study charter schools that general conclusions about whether or not charter schools nationally perform better than traditional public schools are difficult to achieve (Buddin & Zimmer, 2005). Rather than asking, "Are charter schools working?" the better questions to ask might be, "Which charter schools…

  12. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Wang, Jia

    2010-01-01

    Seven years after the Civil Rights Project first documented extensive patterns of charter school segregation, the charter sector continues to stratify students by race, class and possibly language. This study is released at a time of mounting federal pressure to expand charter schools, despite on-going and accumulating evidence of charter school…

  13. Charter for Systems Engineer Working Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suffredini, Michael T.; Grissom, Larry

    2015-01-01

    This charter establishes the International Space Station Program (ISSP) Mobile Servicing System (MSS) Systems Engineering Working Group (SEWG). The MSS SEWG is established to provide a mechanism for Systems Engineering for the end-to-end MSS function. The MSS end-to-end function includes the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), the Mobile Remote Servicer (MRS) Base System (MBS), Robotic Work Station (RWS), Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM), Video Signal Converters (VSC), and Operations Control Software (OCS), the Mobile Transporter (MT), and by interfaces between and among these elements, and United States On-Orbit Segment (USOS) distributed systems, and other International Space Station Elements and Payloads, (including the Power Data Grapple Fixtures (PDGFs), MSS Capture Attach System (MCAS) and the Mobile Transporter Capture Latch (MTCL)). This end-to-end function will be supported by the ISS and MSS ground segment facilities. This charter defines the scope and limits of the program authority and document control that is delegated to the SEWG and it also identifies the panel core membership and specific operating policies.

  14. CISO: charter of integration for simulator openness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve NPP simulators components homogeneity and reuse among projects, EDF (Electricite de France) has defined a Charter Integration for Simulator Openness. CISO, which is a set of rules and guidelines for simulator interoperability and openness, defines a static data model which must be used for any reference to the simulated installation, exchange procedures for simulation modules in a parallel environment and a standard basis for compatible communications between the simulator subsystems, CISO concentrates in interfaces and leaves open the individual choices for implementation. The prototyping phase is now completed, CISO will be put into practice for the next generation of EDF full-scale simulators, the guidelines must now enrich from experience. (author)

  15. 78 FR 65982 - Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADVISORY BOARD Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter AGENCY: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board... continue an advisory committee to consider and recommend accounting standards and principles for...

  16. 76 FR 71032 - Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADVISORY BOARD Notice of Renewal of FASAB Charter AGENCY: Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board... agreed to continue an advisory committee to consider and recommend accounting standards and...

  17. AFSC/REFM: Alaska Saltwater Sport Fishing Charter Business Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The purpose of this project was to collect cost, earning, and employment information from the Alaska saltwater sport fishing charter business sector during the...

  18. Perspectivas sobre las escuelas charter: Una resena para padres de familia (Perspectives on Charter Schools: A Review for Parents). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahoo, Saran

    Recently, charter schools have gained popularity with parents, students, and others as alternatives to public schools, but what are charter schools and what effects are they having? This Spanish-language Digest defines charter schools and clarifies some of the administrative and legal details surrounding such schools. The Digest also lays out some…

  19. District of Columbia Charter Schools: Criteria for Awarding School Buildings to Charter Schools Needs Additional Transparency. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-11-263

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, George A.

    2011-01-01

    Almost 40 percent of all public school students in the District of Columbia (D.C. or District) were enrolled in charter schools in the 2010-11 school year. The D.C. School Reform Act established the Public Charter School Board (PCSB) for the purpose of authorizing and overseeing charter schools. Congress required GAO (US Government Accountability…

  20. Nuclear Safety Charter; Charte Surete Nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    The AREVA 'Values Charter' reaffirmed the priority that must be given to the requirement for a very high level of safety, which applies in particular to the nuclear field. The purpose of this Nuclear Safety Charter is to set forth the group's commitments in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection so as to ensure that this requirement is met throughout the life cycle of the facilities. It should enable each of us, in carrying out our duties, to commit to this requirement personally, for the company, and for all stakeholders. These commitments are anchored in organizational and action principles and in complete transparency. They build on a safety culture shared by all personnel and maintained by periodic refresher training. They are implemented through Safety, Health, and Environmental management systems. The purpose of these commitments, beyond strict compliance with the laws and regulations in force in countries in which we operate as a group, is to foster a continuous improvement initiative aimed at continually enhancing our overall performance as a group. Content: 1 - Organization: responsibility of the group's executive management and subsidiaries, prime responsibility of the operator, a system of clearly defined responsibilities that draws on skilled support and on independent control of operating personnel, the general inspectorate: a shared expertise and an independent control of the operating organization, an organization that can be adapted for emergency management. 2 - Action principles: nuclear safety applies to every stage in the plant life cycle, lessons learned are analyzed and capitalized through the continuous improvement initiative, analyzing risks in advance is the basis of Areva's safety culture, employees are empowered to improve nuclear Safety, the group is committed to a voluntary radiation protection initiative And a sustained effort in reducing waste and effluent from facility Operations, employees and

  1. 78 FR 55114 - Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter; Notice of Intent To Renew

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... Employment and Training Administration Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter... to Renew the Native American Employment and Training Council (Council) Charter. SUMMARY: Notice is... administration of the Native American programs authorized under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Section...

  2. 77 FR 1485 - Local Government's Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-10

    ... AGENCY Local Government's Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. The Charter for the Environmental Protection Agency's Local Government's... Administrator on ways to improve its partnership with local governments and provide more efficient and...

  3. 78 FR 66964 - International Space Station National Laboratory Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION International Space Station National Laboratory Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the charter of the International Space Station National Laboratory Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: Pursuant to...

  4. Massachusetts Charter Public Schools: Best Practices in Curricular Innovation. White Paper No. 141

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candal, Cara Stillings

    2016-01-01

    The ongoing push to raise or eliminate the charter school cap in Massachusetts provides an opportunity to reflect upon the purpose of charter schools. When the legislature created the Commonwealth's charter school law, as a part of the 1993 Massachusetts Education Reform Act (MERA), it clearly stated a main reason for these new schools was…

  5. A tale of two charters : Political crisis, political realignment and administrative reform in Belgium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.G.J. Van de Walle (Steven); N. Thijs (Nick); G. Bouckaert (Geert)

    2005-01-01

    markdownabstractCharters are official commitments to quality and reform. Belgium introduced its Charter of the User of Public Services in 1993. The federal administration’s Copernicus reform began in 1999 and had a strong external outlook. It therefore may be considered as a second User Charter. In

  6. Cyber Charter Schools: Evolution, Issues, and Opportunities in Funding and Localized Oversight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Kathleen

    2008-01-01

    Cyber schools, also known as virtual schools, are noteworthy charter school developments that provide viable options for education. Charter schools in general and cyber charter schools in particular are not "revenue neutral" to local school districts. Nationwide, hundreds of millions of dollars allocated for education are being routed into charter…

  7. Special Education in American Charter Schools: State Level Policy, Practices, and Tensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    2001-01-01

    States Project SEARCH, a three year qualitative study of special education in U.S. charter schools, revealed a fundamental gap between the individualized, autonomous nature of charter schools and regulated nature of special education. Notes this is complicated by some charter schools' inability to amass fiscal/human capacity to meet individual…

  8. 12 CFR 614.4080 - Loans and chartered territory-banks for cooperatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Loans and chartered territory-banks for cooperatives. 614.4080 Section 614.4080 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Chartered Territories § 614.4080 Loans and chartered territory—banks...

  9. 12 CFR 747.403 - Notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter; notice of suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter... to suspend or revoke charter; notice of suspension. (a) Upon its determination that one or more of... a notice of intent to suspend or revoke charter and of intent to place into involuntary...

  10. The Influence of Finance and Accountability Policies on Location of New York State Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bifulco, Robert; Buerger, Christian

    2015-01-01

    This article identifies a set of location incentives created by New York's charter school financing and accountability provisions. We then use regression models to examine the location of charter schools across and within districts. We find that charter schools (1) are significantly more likely to locate in districts with high operating expenses…

  11. Music Programs in Charter and Traditional Schools: A Comparative Study of Chicago Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Jamey; Demorest, Steven M.

    2016-01-01

    Since the arrival of the first charter school in Minnesota in 1991, charter schools have become one of the largest movements in educational reform. In recent years, research has emerged that has compared the effectiveness of charter schools with their traditional school counterparts. The purpose of this study was to compare the extent of music…

  12. 78 FR 79005 - Charter Renewal for the National Park System Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... National Park Service Charter Renewal for the National Park System Advisory Board AGENCY: National Park... charter for the National Park System Advisory Board, in accordance with section 14(b) of the Federal... reauthorized legislatively within 2 years of the date of the renewal charter, the Board will revert to...

  13. 75 FR 80045 - Federal Advisory Committee Act; Board of Advisors Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... COMMISSION Federal Advisory Committee Act; Board of Advisors Charter Renewal AGENCY: Election Assistance Commission. ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act... (EAC) has renewed the charter for the Board of Advisors for a two-year period through December 14,...

  14. 77 FR 19012 - Environmental Financial Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... AGENCY Environmental Financial Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Charter renewal. The Charter for the Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Financial Advisory Board (EFAB) will be renewed for an additional two- year period, as a...

  15. 78 FR 53426 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal AGENCY... Services Administration, renewed the Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board on August 19, 2013. DATES: The Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board was...

  16. 76 FR 19708 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... access program, all vessel operators in Area 2C and Area 3A with charter vessel anglers on board catching and retaining halibut must have a valid charter halibut permit that was issued by NMFS on board the vessel. This interpretation clarifies that a valid charter halibut permit must be on board a vessel...

  17. 77 FR 131 - Charter Renewal for the National Park System Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... National Park Service Charter Renewal for the National Park System Advisory Board AGENCY: Department of the... renew the charter for the National Park System Advisory Board, in accordance with section 14(b) of the... reauthorized legislatively within 2 years of the date of the renewal charter, the Board will revert to...

  18. 77 FR 75606 - Renewal of the Plant Variety Protection Board Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Renewal of the Plant Variety Protection Board Charter AGENCY: Agricultural... Plant Variety Protection Board (PVP Board) Charter. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Zankowski... Board Charter is necessary and in the public interest. The PVPA provides that ``the Board shall...

  19. An Institutional Theory Analysis of Charter Schools: Addressing Institutional Challenges to Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huerta, Luis A.; Zuckerman, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a conceptual framework derived from institutional theory in sociology that offers two competing policy contexts in which charter schools operate--a bureaucratic frame versus a decentralized frame. An analysis of evolving charter school types based on three underlying theories of action is considered. As charter school leaders…

  20. 14 CFR 212.5 - Operation of affinity (pro rata) charters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Operation of affinity (pro rata) charters. 212.5 Section 212.5 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... Operation of affinity (pro rata) charters. An affinity (pro rata) charter operated by a certificated...

  1. Using Lotteries to Evaluate Schools of Choice: Evidence from a National Study of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttle, Christina Clark; Gleason, Philip; Clark, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    This paper draws on data and experiences observing and analyzing school lotteries from the National Evaluation of Charter School Impacts (Gleason et al., 2010) to describe the challenges associated with lottery-based research. In that study, covering 36 charter middle schools in 15 states, we found that charter schools did not affect student…

  2. 7 CFR 25.502 - Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.502 Nominations by State-chartered economic development corporations. Any rural area nominated by an economic development corporation chartered by a State and... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nominations by State-chartered economic...

  3. Toward a post-Charter health promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald

    2011-12-01

    The past 25 years have seen enormous shifts in the environmental, political, economic and social landscapes that condition people's abilities to be healthy. Climate change is now a reality. China, India, Brazil and other 'developing' countries are emerging as new axes of political and economic power. Global capitalism has become increasingly predatory and crisis ridden, a result of unregulated and irresponsible greed of unimaginable scale. The elite response has been the increased erosion of the health and other social protection policies of redistribution that characterized the first-world run-up to the Ottawa Charter. These new realities challenge health promoters in ways unforeseen a quarter century ago. It is imperative that local determinants of health, to which health promoters give their attention, be traced to broader, even global levels of determinants. Support for groups acting at these levels should become a fundamental practice tenet. So, too, should advocacy for the social state, in which progressive taxation and hefty social investment blunt the health inequalities created by unfettered markets. As environmental and economic insecurities and inequalities increase in many of the world's countries, so does the risk of xenophobia and conflict. The roots of racism are complex; but weeding them out becomes another health promotion practice of the new millennium. There are some hopeful signs of health promoting political change, much of it emanating now from countries in the global South; but the threat of a return to health behaviourism in the face of the new global pandemic of chronic disease is real and must be confronted.

  4. Toward a post-Charter health promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald

    2011-12-01

    The past 25 years have seen enormous shifts in the environmental, political, economic and social landscapes that condition people's abilities to be healthy. Climate change is now a reality. China, India, Brazil and other 'developing' countries are emerging as new axes of political and economic power. Global capitalism has become increasingly predatory and crisis ridden, a result of unregulated and irresponsible greed of unimaginable scale. The elite response has been the increased erosion of the health and other social protection policies of redistribution that characterized the first-world run-up to the Ottawa Charter. These new realities challenge health promoters in ways unforeseen a quarter century ago. It is imperative that local determinants of health, to which health promoters give their attention, be traced to broader, even global levels of determinants. Support for groups acting at these levels should become a fundamental practice tenet. So, too, should advocacy for the social state, in which progressive taxation and hefty social investment blunt the health inequalities created by unfettered markets. As environmental and economic insecurities and inequalities increase in many of the world's countries, so does the risk of xenophobia and conflict. The roots of racism are complex; but weeding them out becomes another health promotion practice of the new millennium. There are some hopeful signs of health promoting political change, much of it emanating now from countries in the global South; but the threat of a return to health behaviourism in the face of the new global pandemic of chronic disease is real and must be confronted. PMID:22080072

  5. 77 FR 33229 - Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ... Coordination Act (16 U.S.C. 661-667e), and Executive Order 12962 of June 7, 1995-Recreational Fisheries (60 FR 30769, June 7, 1995), as amended by Executive Order 13474 of September 26, 2008 (73 FR 57229, October 1... Office of the Secretary Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council Charter AGENCY: Office of...

  6. The Effects of a Team Charter on Student Team Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaron, Joshua R.; McDowell, William C.; Herdman, Andrew O.

    2014-01-01

    The authors contribute to growing evidence that team charters contribute positively to performance by empirically testing their effects on key team process outcomes. Using a sample of business students in a team-based task requiring significant cooperative and coordinative behavior, the authors compare emergent team norms under a variety of team…

  7. Understanding Student Discipline Practices in Charter Schools: A Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denice, Patrick; Gross, Betheny; Rausch, Karega

    2015-01-01

    Fair use of exclusionary discipline is a rising concern in public schools. At issue is whether this type of discipline is disproportionately applied to certain groups of students and whether some charter schools use it more frequently. For the first time, data compiled by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights capture discipline…

  8. Students with Disabilities in Charter Schools: What We Now Know

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the charter school movement in the United States and a synthesis of the findings of the studies that have been conducted for nearly a decade by the University of Maryland in collaboration with the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). The research documents the evolution of…

  9. Charter, Private, and Public Schools Work Together in Boston

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Diana

    2014-01-01

    A public, Catholic, and charter school in Boston all work together to share their strengths and learn from each other in an effort to deliver the best education for all of their students. The arrangement is called the School Performance Partnership, and it is a grantee of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

  10. 14 CFR 212.6 - Operation of gambling junket charters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... carrier must meet the following criteria: (a) The aircraft must be chartered by (1) A casino, hotel, or..., hotel, or cruise line. (b) The casino, hotel, or cruise line or its agents, may not require a passenger..., hotel, or cruise line or its agents, from requiring prospective passengers to pay nominal...

  11. 76 FR 65750 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and... Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel. SUMMARY: Pursuant to sections 14(b)(1) and 9(c) of the Federal Advisory... of the NASA Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel is in the public interest in connection with...

  12. School Identity in the Context of Alberta Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Merlin; Gereluk, Dianne; Kowch, Eugene

    2016-01-01

    The central tenet of this investigation is that educational institutions possess their own school identity. Acknowledging that school identity is influenced by institutional mechanisms and personal dynamics, we examine school identity in the context of 13 Alberta charter schools. Narratives of 73 educational stakeholders across the network of…

  13. InnovateEDU, Inc.: Brooklyn Laboratory Charter Schools (LAB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Entrepreneurial learning is the backbone of this Brooklyn charter school network which opened in Fall 2014 to serve grades 6-12, including English language learners and students with disabilities. LAB's academic model combines empirically effective learning practices with innovative implementation strategies, including a blended learning model…

  14. The Quest for Accountability: Charter Schools' Holy Grail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steineger, Melissa

    2001-01-01

    A seminar in Idaho on creating assessment and accountability plans for charter schools presented attributes of assessments that build children's confidence and give insights into how they can improve; offered criteria for using portfolio assessments; and described how to develop objectives that are measurable. A sidebar presents a six-step plan…

  15. Locating Chicago's Charter Schools: A Socio-Spatial Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaFleur, Jennifer C.

    2016-01-01

    This project contributes to the body of research examining the implications of the geographic location of charter schools for student access, especially in high-poverty communities. Using geographic information systems (GIS) software, this paper uses data from the U.S. Census American Community Survey to identify the socioeconomic characteristics…

  16. Charter School Expansion and within District Equity: Confluence or Conflict?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Bruce D.; Libby, Ken; Wiley, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This article explores whether two popular policy initiatives are compatible or conflicting strategies for enhancing educational equality in diverse large urban centers. These two initiatives are (1) charter school expansion and (2) improvement of resource equity across urban public school systems through policies often referred to as weighted…

  17. Success at Scale in Charter Schooling. Education Outlook. No. 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Steven F.

    2009-01-01

    KIPP KEY Academy in Washington, D.C. North Star Academy in Newark. Roxbury Prep in Boston. Amistad Academy in New Haven. These, and perhaps two hundred other high-performing schools nationwide, are the bright lights of the charter school movement. Despite social and economic disadvantages, their students not only trounce their district peers on…

  18. 77 FR 64828 - Office on Violence Against Women; Charter Reestablishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... on Violence Against Women; Charter Reestablishment AGENCY: Office on Violence Against Women, United... Advisory Committee Act (FACA), as amended (5 U.S.C. App.2), and Title IX of the Violence Against Women Act... on Research on Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women (hereinafter ``the Task...

  19. Attracting Capital: Magnets, Charters, and School Referendum Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shober, Arnold F.

    2011-01-01

    Does school choice enhance the ability of school districts to raise revenue? School districts use charter and magnet schools to attract and retain students, but does choice improve the odds for school districts seeking increased taxing authority at the polls? If those parents who choose schools are attentive to district policies, then increasing…

  20. Is Administration Leaner in Charter Schools? Resource Allocation in Charter and Traditional Public Schools. Working Paper #24

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsen, David; Ni, Yongmei

    2012-01-01

    There is widespread concern that administration consumes too much of the educational dollar in traditional public schools, diverting needed resources from classroom instruction and hampering efforts to improve student outcomes. By contrast, charter schools are predicted to have leaner administration and allocate resources more intensively to…

  1. Digital technology and human development: a charter for nature conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffey, Georgina; Homans, Hilary; Banks, Ken; Arts, Koen

    2015-11-01

    The application of digital technology in conservation holds much potential for advancing the understanding of, and facilitating interaction with, the natural world. In other sectors, digital technology has long been used to engage communities and share information. Human development-which holds parallels with the nature conservation sector-has seen a proliferation of innovation in technological development. Throughout this Perspective, we consider what nature conservation can learn from the introduction of digital technology in human development. From this, we derive a charter to be used before and throughout project development, in order to help reduce replication and failure of digital innovation in nature conservation projects. We argue that the proposed charter will promote collaboration with the development of digital tools and ensure that nature conservation projects progress appropriately with the development of new digital technologies.

  2. Case Studies ofEmerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i

    OpenAIRE

    Nina K. Buchanan; Fox, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    The fast growing charter school movement may be impeded if charter schools are perceived as a vehicle for stratifying, segregating, and balkanizing an already ethnically, socio-economically divided population. This article defines ethnocentric schools and describes three Native Hawai'ian charter schools. While they are very different in curricula and in emphasis on the Hawai'ian language and other features, they all have strong community support and a high degree of parental involvement and h...

  3. Standard Chartered Bank: Women on Corporate Boards in India 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Banerji, A.; Mahtani, S.; Sealy, Ruth; Vinnicombe, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This first Standard Chartered Bank: Women on Corporate Boards in India 2010 report looks at the representation of women on the boards of India's leading companies on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE-100) . It ranks the companies in terms of the gender diversity of their boards, with those with the highest percentage of women on their boards appearing at the top. The report also examines the general topic of gender diversity on the boards of the BSE-100 by presenting the findin...

  4. Organizational Culture : a case study of standard chartered (Vietnam) Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Kien Doan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to understand the definition of organizational culture and examine organizational culture of Standard Chartered Bank (Vietnam) Ltd (SCB). Organizational culture has become a interesting topic. The company now are aware of its important role as a competitive advantage. The thesis will go though definitions of various researcher to find out the common understanding. A few methods of approaching organizational culture are considered to find a prooer framework for ca...

  5. A welfare analysis of Canadian chartered bank mergers

    OpenAIRE

    James McIntosh

    2002-01-01

    An econometric model of Canada's five largest banks is estimated using time series data from 1976 to 1996. The principal findings are that chartered bank technology is characterized by increasing returns to scale. Scale efficiency is sufficiently large to offset the consequences of reduced competition that might have arisen from a merger between Bank of Montreal and Royal Bank of Canada, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Toronto Dominion Bank, or both. The estimated model predicts that a...

  6. 77 FR 24690 - Exemplary Charter School Collaboration Awards; Proposed Definitions, Requirements, and Selection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... share resources and responsibilities, build trust and teamwork, boost academic excellence in charter... advantages; distributive impacts; and equity); (4) To the extent feasible, specify performance...

  7. 12 CFR 715.6 - Audit of Federally-insured State-chartered credit unions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS SUPERVISORY COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.6 Audit of Federally-insured... Committee audit responsibility, a federally-insured State-chartered credit union having total assets of $500... Committee audit responsibility, a federally-insured State-chartered credit union having total assets of...

  8. Work Environments and Labor Markets: Explaining Principal Turnover Gap between Charter Schools and Traditional Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Min; Ni, Yongmei

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Knowledge about principals' leadership roles in charter schools' success has become more important as the number of charter schools increases and as we have learned more about the influence of principal leadership on school effectiveness. To contribute to the limited empirical literature on the principal labor market, this study explores…

  9. A Meta-Analysis of the Literature on the Effect of Charter Schools on Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, Julian R.; Tang, Y. Emily

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools represent an increasingly important form of school choice in the United States. Charter schools are public schools, with a difference. Compared to traditional public schools, they are exempted from some of the state laws and regulations that govern traditional public schools. In this way, parents come to have a greater number of…

  10. Charter Schools as Nation Builders: Democracy Prep and Civic Education. Policy Brief 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lautzenheiser, Daniel; Kelly, Andrew P.

    2013-01-01

    This policy brief is the first in a series of in-depth case studies exploring how top-performing charter schools have incorporated civic learning in their school curriculum and school culture. This paper introduces Democracy Prep, a network of seven public charter schools with a civic mission at its core. Democracy Prep's founder and…

  11. The Strategic Management of Charter Schools: Frameworks and Tools for Educational Entrepreneurs. Educational Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frumkin, Peter; Manno, Bruno V.; Edgington, Nell

    2011-01-01

    "The Strategic Management of Charter Schools" addresses the challenges facing such schools by mapping out, in straightforward and highly pragmatic terms, a management framework for them. The first charter school law in the United States was enacted in Minnesota in 1991. In the twenty years since that modest beginning, the movement has burgeoned…

  12. Charter High Schools' Effects on Long-Term Attainment and Earnings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sass, Tim R.; Zimmer, Ron W.; Gill, Brian P.; Booker, T. Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Since their inception in 1992, the number of charter schools has grown to more than 6,800 nationally, serving nearly three million students. Various studies have examined charter schools' impacts on test scores, and a few have begun to examine longer-term outcomes including graduation and college attendance. This paper is the first to estimate…

  13. Legal and Policy Issues Regarding Niche Charter Schools: Race, Religion, Culture, and the Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckes, Suzanne E.; Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.

    2011-01-01

    A growing number of ethnocentric or culturally oriented niche charter schools have opened around the country. These ethnic or culture-oriented models raise legal and policy concerns about church/state entanglement as well as concerns about diversity. Indeed, there has already been litigation focused on racial and ethnic aspects of charter schools…

  14. Financial Management of New York's Charter Schools: A Normative, Descriptive, and Prescriptive Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brent, Brian O.; Finnigan, Kara S.

    2009-01-01

    Surprisingly little is known about the financial management practices of charter schools. The literature offer policymakers only anecdotal answers to the following important questions: Who manages charter school finances and what educational and previous employment experiences do they bring to their positions? What do audited financial statements…

  15. 78 FR 18415 - Notice of Amendment to the Advisory Committee on International Law Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Notice of Amendment to the Advisory Committee on International Law Charter The Department of State has amended the Charter of the Advisory Committee on International Law to add three additional membership positions. The Committee is comprised of all...

  16. Considering Legal Identity as a Critical Variable of Interest in Charter Schools Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen; Lange, Cheryl

    2006-01-01

    Fifteen years ago charter schools were considered a radical addition to the public education landscape. Today they present a viable educational choice in 40 states and the District of Columbia. Much has been written about charter schools, their purpose, effectiveness, and future. However, to date, much of the dialogue has focused on ideology and…

  17. Special Education in Charter Schools: The View from State Education Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.

    2008-01-01

    Charter schools, although a stage for potential educational reform and innovation, remain subject to federal laws regarding the education of students with disabilities. As they intersect with federal law, the variance of state charter laws and policy surrounding the provision of special education creates a challenging context for helping charters…

  18. Beyond the Schoolhouse Door: How Charter Schools Are Transforming U.S. Public Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manno, Bruno V.; Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Vanourek, Greg

    2000-01-01

    Discusses evolutionary stages in the education establishment's reaction to charter schools: stopping them cold, keeping them few and weak, competing with them, and accepting and using them. Charters are not revolutionary. They embody three time-tested features: community rootedness; resemblance to magnet and alternative schools; and institutional…

  19. Making Americans: UNO Charter Schools and Civic Education. Policy Brief 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feith, David

    2013-01-01

    This policy brief is the third in a series of in-depth case studies exploring how top-performing charter schools have incorporated civic learning in their school curriculum and school culture. The UNO Charter School Network includes 13 schools serving some 6,500 students across Chicago. Located in predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods, the…

  20. A Closer Look at Charter Schools and Segregation: Flawed Comparisons Lead to Overstated Conclusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Gary; Jensen, Nathan; Kisida, Brian; McGee, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    In January 2010, the UCLA-based Civil Rights Project (CRP) released "Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards." The study intended to report on, among other things, levels of racial segregation in charter schools across the United States. The authors use 2007-08 data from the U.S. Department of…

  1. For-Profit Charter Schools: What the Public Needs to Know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dykgraaf, Christy Lancaster; Lewis, Shirley Kane

    1998-01-01

    For-profit charter-school managers may be removing the "public" from public education. A study of 11 Michigan charter schools showed that cost-cutting strategies are adversely affecting student transportation, special education, and the socioeconomic mix of students. Corporations' superimposed bureaucracies have eradicated educators' freedom to…

  2. California Charter Schools Serving Low-SES Students: An Analysis of the Academic Performance Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slovacek, Simeon P.; Kunnan, Antony J.; Kim, Hae-Jin

    This report presents the findings of an analysis of the Academic Performance Index (API) scores based on SATs taken in 1999, 2000, and 2001. It focuses on charter schools in California that serve students from low socioeconomic-status (SES) families. The purpose of the study was to see how standardized test scores from charter schools serving…

  3. 78 FR 22593 - The United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy Notice of Charter Renewal The Department of State has renewed the charter of the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. The Commission... public diplomacy activities (activities intended to understand, inform, and influence foreign...

  4. Urban School Choice and Integration: The Effect of Charter Schools in Little Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Gary W.; Jensen, Nathan C.; Kisida, Brian; Bowen, Daniel H.

    2016-01-01

    We examine the impact of charter schools on school integration in the Little Rock, Arkansas metropolitan area. We find that charters are less likely to be hyper-segregated than traditional public schools (TPS), but TPS have compositions more closely reflecting the region. However, differences in each case are slight. Using student-level data to…

  5. Examining Charter School Policy and Public School District Resource Allocation in Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linick, Matthew A.

    2016-01-01

    This project focuses on the competitive pressure, or the threat of competitive pressure, generated by charter school policy. This paper uses longitudinal district-level data and multiple quasi-experimental designs to examine the relationship between two Ohio charter school policies and changes in public school district instructional resource…

  6. Unlocking the Secrets of High-Performing Charters: Tight Management and "No Excuses"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyser, James A.

    2011-01-01

    Charter schools are approaching the ripe old age of 20. Although more work remains if one is to fully understand this complex education reform "movement," a growing body of data and research is being compiled about its strengths, weaknesses, and impact. An important subset of the charter school sector is just now receiving a similar level of…

  7. 77 FR 63337 - Renewal of Charter of Advisory Committee on Actuarial Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries announces the renewal of the charter of the Advisory... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JOINT BOARD FOR THE ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES Renewal of Charter of Advisory Committee on Actuarial Examinations AGENCY:...

  8. 75 FR 48742 - Renewal of the Regional Resource Stewardship Council Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    ... Renewal of the Regional Resource Stewardship Council Charter AGENCY: Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) (5 U.S.C. Appendix), the TVA Board of Directors has renewed the Regional Resource Stewardship...

  9. 75 FR 22559 - Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the Air University Board of Visitors (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER..., 703-601-6128. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Board is a discretionary Federal advisory committee...

  10. 75 FR 22754 - Federal Advisory Committee; Chief of Engineers Environmental Advisory Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Chief of Engineers Environmental Advisory Board; Charter... that it is renewing the charter for the Chief of Engineers Environmental Advisory Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Freeman, Deputy Advisory...

  11. 77 FR 32088 - EPA Board of Scientific Counselors Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ... AGENCY EPA Board of Scientific Counselors Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. Notice is hereby given that the Environmental... Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2, the EPA Board of Scientific Counselors Advisory Board (BOSC) is...

  12. 75 FR 22756 - Federal Advisory Committee; United States Army Science Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; United States Army Science Board; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the United States Army Science Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER..., 703-601-6128. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Board is a discretionary Federal advisory committee...

  13. 75 FR 65614 - Federal Advisory Committee Act; Standards Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ... COMMISSION Federal Advisory Committee Act; Standards Board Charter Renewal AGENCY: Election Assistance... (EAC) has renewed the charter for the Standards Board for a two-year period through October 18, 2012...-463, as amended, this notice advises interested persons of the renewal of the Standards Board...

  14. 75 FR 22753 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Science Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Science Board; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the Defense Science Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER..., 703-601-6128. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Board is a discretionary Federal advisory committee...

  15. 75 FR 43492 - Federal Advisory Committee; National Security Education Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; National Security Education Board; Charter Renewal... notice that it is renewing the charter for the National Security Education Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Freeman, Deputy Committee Management Officer...

  16. 78 FR 44946 - Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... AGENCY Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. Notice is hereby given that the Environmental... Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App. 2, the Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board (ELAB) is a...

  17. 75 FR 29338 - EPA Board of Scientific Counselors Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-25

    ... AGENCY EPA Board of Scientific Counselors Advisory Board; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of charter renewal. Notice is hereby given that the Environmental... Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2, the EPA Board of of Scientific Counselors Advisory Board (BOSC) is...

  18. 75 FR 22754 - Federal Advisory Committee; Department of Defense Board of Actuaries; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Department of Defense Board of Actuaries; Charter... Defense gives notice that it is renewing the charter for the Department of Defense Board of Actuaries (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Freeman, Deputy Advisory...

  19. 75 FR 11534 - Notice of Charter Renewal for the Environmental Financial Advisory Board (EFAB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... AGENCY Notice of Charter Renewal for the Environmental Financial Advisory Board (EFAB) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. The Charter for the Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Financial Advisory Board (EFAB) will be renewed for an additional two- year period, as a...

  20. 75 FR 22560 - Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter... that it is renewing the charter for the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Freeman, Deputy Advisory Committee...

  1. 50 CFR 648.89 - Recreational and charter/party vessel restrictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... no gear other than rod and reel or handline gear on board; and (iv) For the GOM charter/party closed... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recreational and charter/party vessel... Management Measures for the NE Multispecies and Monkfish Fisheries § 648.89 Recreational and...

  2. 78 FR 19355 - Announcement of Charter Renewal of the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA), Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Announcement of Charter Renewal of the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA), Inc. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of the charter...

  3. A Call to Action: To Improve the Quality of Full-Time Virtual Charter Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2016

    2016-01-01

    Currently, more than 180,000 students attend 135 full-time virtual charter schools in 23 states and the District of Columbia. While some students do well in a full-time virtual charter school environment, too many of these schools are not providing a quality educational program to the vast majority of their students, while enrolling too many who…

  4. 76 FR 48863 - Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS AGENCY: Department..., Office of HIV/ AIDS Policy. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Health and Human Services is hereby giving notice that the charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS (PACHA;...

  5. Academic Optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, and Student Achievement at Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guvercin, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs), and student achievement in college preparatory charter schools. A purposeful sample of elementary school teachers from college preparatory charter schools (N = 226) in southeast Texas was solicited to complete the…

  6. Civic Fragmentation or Voluntary Association? Habermas, Fraser, and Charter School Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Terri S.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, Terri Wilson puts the argument developed by Kathleen Knight Abowitz that charter schools could be considered as counterpublic spaces into interaction with empirical research that explores patterns of voluntary self-segregation in charter schools. Wilson returns to the theoretical tension between Jurgen Habermas and Nancy Fraser over…

  7. The Revolution Will Be Privatized: Teach for America and Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretchmar, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the ways that the charter school movement is experienced and negotiated by educators who entered the profession through Teach For America (TFA). TFA's impact has been significant in the larger educational trend towards market-based reforms and, in particular, the charter school movement. Analyzed through a critical…

  8. Seeking Common Ground: Early Lessons in District-Charter School Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Moira McCullough; Luke Heinkel; Betsy Keating

    2015-01-01

    This document is an issue brief to accompany a longer report examining the implementation of district-charter collaboration grants funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The issue brief summarizes the key findings, including promising practices facilitating district-charter collaboration, areas for improvement, and suggestions for improving implementation going forward.

  9. Charter of the United Nations and statute of the International Court of Justice

    CERN Document Server

    United Nations. New York. Department of Public Information

    1993-01-01

    The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

  10. The Paperwork Pile-Up: Measuring the Burden of Charter School Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    McShane, Michael Q.; Hatfield, Jenn; English, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    In 1988, Albert Shanker, head of the United Federation of Teachers, suggested that small groups of teachers could design charter (performance-based)schools as alternatives to local public schools. In theory, charter school teachers would be held in check by a performance contract but would be otherwise free from rules, norms, and regulations that…

  11. 76 FR 62374 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Alaska Recreational Charter Vessel Guide and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... management measures have recently been proposed or implemented that affect recreational charter boat fishing... their operations and fishing behavior, and costs and earnings information are generally not available... proposes to conduct a survey of charter vessel owners to collect annual cost and earnings data that...

  12. "He Pu'a Kani 'Aina": Mapping Student Growth in Hawaiian-Focused Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kana'iaupuni, Shawn Malia

    2008-01-01

    Fourteen of the startup charter schools in the State of Hawai'i are Hawaiian-focused, providing an education grounded in culturally relevant content and context. This study centers on outcomes in these Hawaiian-focused charter schools, which have demonstrated their value to the community, serving the educational needs of an increasing number of…

  13. The Charter of Regional and Minority Languages as a political factor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Hamans

    2008-01-01

    In this paper the genesis of the Charter of Regional and Minority Languages (1992) is discussed briefly, just as the current politico-linguistic situation in a few European languages with respect to the Charter. Especially the postion of the Russian speaking minority in the Ukraine, one of the partn

  14. "It's Our Best Choice Right Now": Exploring How Charter School Parents Choose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villavicencio, Adriana

    2013-01-01

    One of the underlying premises of the charter school movement is that quality drives consumer choice. As educational consumers, parents are viewed as rational actors who, if given the choice, will select better performing school. In examining the choice processes of charter school parents, however, this study calls into question the extent to…

  15. How to Recruit High-Performing Charter Management Organizations to a New Region: Results from the 2015 CMO Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2016

    2016-01-01

    Charter Management Organizations (CMOs) are nonprofit entities that manage at least two charter schools. They play an important role in increasing the number of high-quality charter public schools by enabling the replication and expansion of models that work, creating economies of scale, encouraging collaboration, and building support structures…

  16. 77 FR 6796 - Notification of Three Public Teleconferences of a Work Group of the Chartered Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-09

    ... AGENCY Notification of Three Public Teleconferences of a Work Group of the Chartered Science Advisory... Board (SAB) Staff Office announces three public teleconferences of a work group of the Chartered Science... EPA policy, notice is hereby given that a work group of the chartered SAB will hold three...

  17. Equity at Scale: How Public Charter School Networks Can Innovate and Improve Services for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Paul T.; Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2015-01-01

    When public charter schools first opened in the early 1990s, each was unique and independent. But as successful public charter schools continued to grow and expand their impact beyond a single site, and as organizations developed school designs that could be implemented at multiple locations, networks of public charter schools emerged. The public…

  18. 77 FR 70874 - Notice of Charter Renewal of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Scientific...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... of Charter Renewal of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Scientific Advisory Board SUMMARY: The Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (S/GAC) announces the charter renewal of the PEPFAR Scientific Advisory Board (hereinafter referred to as ``the Board''). This charter...

  19. We're on a Mission Here: Institution Building, Education Reform, and the Rise of a Charter Management Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuckerman, Andrew Michael

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the institution-building efforts of a leading charter school management organization, Achievement First. The study used a conceptual framework derived from institutional theory in sociology that offers two competing policy contexts in which charter schools and charter management organizations operate--a bureaucratic versus…

  20. Who Teaches in American Charter Schools? Findings from Secondary Analysis of the 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rui, Ning; Boe, Erling E.

    2012-01-01

    Charter schools have been in existence for 20 years in the USA and their effectiveness has been heatedly debated. Despite a growing literature on charter school administration, research on charter school teachers in comparison with their counterparts at traditional public schools is scarce. Using secondary data from the 1999-2000 Schools and…

  1. Innovative Education? A Test of Specialist Mimicry or Generalist Assimilation in Trends in Charter School Specialization over Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renzulli, Linda A.; Barr, Ashley B.; Paino, Maria

    2015-01-01

    By most media accounts, charter schools are innovative schools. But little empirical work interrogates this idea. We examine the growth and decline of specialist charter school mission statements as one indicator of innovation. In line with theories of resource partitioning, we find that specialist charter school missions--those asserting…

  2. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation Selección sin equidad: Segregación escolar en las escuelas charter Escolha sem equidade: Segregação escolar nas escolas charter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Frankenberg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The political popularity of charter schools is unmistakable. This article explores the relationship between charter schools and segregation across the country, in 40 states, the District of Columbia, and several dozen metropolitan areas with large enrollments of charter school students in 2007-08. The descriptive analysis of the charter school enrollment is aimed at understanding the enrollment and characteristics of charter school students and the extent to which charter school students are segregated, including how charter school segregation compare to students in traditional public schools.  This article examines these questions at different levels, aggregating school-level enrollment to explore patterns among metropolitan areas, states, and the nation using three national datasets.  Our findings suggest that charters currently isolate students by race and class. This analysis of recent data finds that charter schools are more racially isolated than traditional public schools in

  3. Does Dividend Tax Impede Competition for Corporate Charters?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lai, Tat-kei; Ng, Travis

    High dividend income tax in the U.S. can impede state competition in the market for corporate charters. We offer a model to formalize the mechanism through which dividend tax lowers the incentives for a state legislator to refrain from enacting takeover regulations. We test a key driver within...... the model, that dividend tax exacerbates agency conflicts between management and shareholders, making takeover regulations less consequential to the corporations that have their shareholders subject to the tax. The implication, that under a dividend tax cut, firms governed by fewer anti-takeover provisions...

  4. The Earth Charter Goes Interactive and Live with e-GLO: Using New Media to Train Youth Leaders in Sustainability on Both Sides of the Digital Divide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, Mike; Laitinen, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    For ten years now the Earth Charter has been inspiring global citizens to engage in conversations and actions that benefit everybody. This article describes e-GLO, the Earth Charter Global Learning Opportunity, the Earth Charter International's semester-long, online leadership course inspired by the Earth Charter. It is developed and implemented…

  5. Solving Complex Problems to Create Charter Extension Options

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tippmann, Esther; Nell, Phillip Christopher

    This study examines subsidiary-driven problem solving processes and their potential to create advanced solutions for charter extension options. Problem solving theory suggests that biases in problem formulation and solution search can confine problem solving potential. We thus argue that balanced...... undertaken by 29 subsidiary units supports our hypotheses, demonstrating that these activities are a means to systematically reduce inherent problem solving biases. This study contributes to problem solving theory, the literature on headquarters’ roles in complex organizations, as well as the literature...... solution search, or activities to reconcile the need for some solution features to be locally-tailored while others can be internationally standardized, mediates the relationships between problem complexity/headquarters involvement and the capacity to create advanced solutions. An analysis of 67 projects...

  6. To Learn and To Belong: Case Studies of Emerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Nina K.; Fox, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    Describes ethnocentric schools and three Native Hawaiian charter schools, all of which have strong community support, high parental involvement, and access to funds available only for Native Hawaiian programs. Discusses implications for U.S. education in general. (SLD)

  7. 78 FR 69823 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Exempted Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering Permits; Letters of Acknowledgment AGENCY: National... Permits (EFPs), Scientific Research Permits (SRPs), Display Permits, Letters of Acknowledgment (LOAs), and... and scientific research to exempt them from regulations (e.g., fishing seasons, prohibited...

  8. 75 FR 75458 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Exempted Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-03

    ... Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering Permits; Letters of Acknowledgment AGENCY: National... Permits (EFPs), Scientific Research Permits (SRPs), Display Permits, Letters of Acknowledgment (LOAs), and... and scientific research that is exempt from regulations (e.g., seasons, prohibited species,...

  9. 76 FR 72678 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Exempted Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-25

    ... Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering Permits; Letters of Acknowledgment AGENCY: National... Permits (EFPs), Scientific Research Permits (SRPs), Display Permits, Letters of Acknowledgment (LOAs), and... and scientific research that is exempt from regulations (e.g., seasons, prohibited species,...

  10. 76 FR 64122 - NASA Advisory Committee; Renewal of NASA's International Space Station Advisory Committee Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION NASA Advisory Committee; Renewal of NASA's International Space Station Advisory... and amendment of the Charter of the International Space Station Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: Pursuant... the National ] Aeronautics and Space Administration has determined that a renewal of the...

  11. 75 FR 29533 - National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY... to the ] Administrator of EPA on a broad range of environmental policy, technology and...

  12. 76 FR 65752 - International Space Station (ISS) National Laboratory Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION International Space Station (ISS) National Laboratory Advisory Committee; Charter Renewal AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ACTION: Notice of renewal and... Relations, (202) 358-0550, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC 20546-0001....

  13. 77 FR 71474 - Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee-Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee--Charter Renewal AGENCY... Renewal of the Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee (COMSTAC). SUMMARY: FAA announces the... (FAA) on the critical matters facing the U.S. commercial space transportation industry. This...

  14. Empowering people to be healthier: public health nutrition through the Ottawa Charter

    OpenAIRE

    Flynn, Mary A. T.

    2015-01-01

    The WHO's Ottawa Charter highlights five priority areas for taking action in public health. Only one of them is at the individual level as action at more upstream intervention levels, such as community or policy levels, is critical for enabling individuals to succeed. The objective of the present paper is to give insight into the many complex processes involved in public health nutrition by describing the Ottawa Charter's five priority areas for taking action using public health nutrition ini...

  15. Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Haq, Mamiza; Tarazi, Amine; Avkiran, Necmi; Fonceca, Ana Rosa

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between market discipline and bank charter value using a panel dataset of publicly-listed domestic banks in Australia and Canada over the 1995-2011 periods, with particular focus on the 2007/2008 global financial crisis (GFC). Overall, our results show a positive relationship between market discipline and bank charter value, although this has reduced in the post-GFC period. Furthermore, our findings reveal that in the presence of market discipline, bank ca...

  16. PROCEDURAL RELATIONS OF THE PROSECUTOR AND THE INVESTIGATOR ACCORDING TO CHARTER OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, 1864

    OpenAIRE

    Tushev A. A.; Kudin F. M.; Vasechkina A. V.

    2015-01-01

    This article "The Procedural relations of the Prosecutor and the investigator according to Charter of criminal proceedings 1864" is devoted to the investigation of some historical aspects of criminal and legal proceedings of the Prosecutor and the investigator according to Charter of criminal proceedings 1864. It discusses the Prosecutor’s and the investigator’s functions and competency in comparison with the current criminal procedure legislation, there is continuity of many of the provision...

  17. The Society for Radiological Protection: incorporated by Royal Charter. How it was achieved

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Society for Radiological Protection (the Society) began to consider the potential for incorporation by Royal Charter, an important goal for many professional bodies in the UK, in the mid-1980s. Impetus grew during the 1990s; contributing to this in 1998 was the Society's new status as direct UK IRPA associate. In 2002, to emphasise that the Society is active over all sectors of radiation protection, sectorial committees were established, dealing with professional interests in the component sectors. Application for a Charter begins with a Memorandum to Her Majesty the Queen's Privy Council Office (PCO) with details of the Society, its achievements and why grant of a Charter would be in the public interest. The Society prepared a Memorandum and submitted it to the PCO in 2003. In 2004, the application was declined for several reasons, which were then considered. Contacts in Government Departments were briefed on the Society's activities. The Society and the Institute of Radiation Protection (IRP) had been considering amalgamation, and in 2005 the annual general meetings of the Society and IRP agreed to proposals for a merger. A new Memorandum was submitted to the PCO in 2005, and early in 2006 it was accepted. It was then necessary to draft a Charter and a Petition to HM the Queen in Council. One of the opportunities incorporated in the Charter is the provision to award the title 'Chartered Radiation Protection Professional' with the post-nominal letters 'CRadP' to suitable members. Draft documents were presented to the Society's 2007 annual general meeting, and passed through Society's governance procedures. Public consultation by the PCO took place during summer 2007. On 10 October 2007 an order granting a Charter of Incorporation was approved at the Privy Council held by the Queen. The Charter was presented to the Society on 11 December 2007. (author)

  18. Founders and Financially Affiliated Directors on Charter School Boards and Their Impact on Financial Performance and Academic Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Charisse A. Gulosin; Elif Sisli-Ciamarra

    2012-01-01

    This study uses a hand-collected dataset for charter school boards in Massachusetts between 2001 and 2009 to examine the relationship between financial performance and the presence of founders and financially affiliated directors. School-level financial performance suggests that founder presence on a board has a negative effect on both financial and academic performance of a charter school. On the other hand, the presence of financially affiliated directors on the charter school governing boa...

  19. Foreign state assistance in enforcing the right to self-determination under the African Charter: Gunme & Ors v. Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Enonchong, Nelson

    2002-01-01

    The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Charter) allows any state party that has good reason to believe that another state party has violated the provisions of the Charter to make a complaint (communication) to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (African Commission). But, in spite of persistent reports of widespread human rights violations in Africa, there is no evidence that state parties make use of this procedure to report each other to the African Commis...

  20.   ADOPTION OF INTERNET BANKING FROM A CUSTOMERS' PERSPECTIVE IN GHANA(The study of Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi)

    OpenAIRE

    Konlaan, Leedip Boinkum; Boasiako, Justice Antwi

    2009-01-01

      COURSE: Master Thesis in Business Administration 15 ECTS Research problem To what extent do customers' at Standard Chartered Bank in Kumasi adopt internet banking? Purpose of the study The purpose of this study is to explore barriers and drivers to the adoption of internet banking among customers at the Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi. Research Question Are customers at Standard Chartered Bank-Kumasi aware of the existence of internet services in their bank? What factors may motivate Standa...

  1. THE ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS IN THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana-Mihaela SALOMIA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union was proclaimed by the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of the European Union at the European Council held at Nice on the 7 December 2000, was modified on 12 December 2007 at Strasbourg, and, today, according to article 6 in the Treaty on European Union, the Charter gained the juridical value of an constitutive European treaty. The way it has been conceived, the content of the Charter reflects the Union’s desire for the autonomy of the juridical order. The Charter clearly states the fact that it solely seeks to protect the fundamental rights of the individuals with regard to acts undertaken by the EU institutions and by the member states in applying of the Union treaties. A protocol to Lisbon Treaty introduces specific measures for the United Kingdom and Poland seeking to establish national exceptions to the application of the Charter. The new treaty provides a new legal basis for accessing of the Union to the European Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

  2. 78 FR 35001 - Applications for New Awards; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non-State Educational Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... challenges and seeks to encourage rural education leaders to use charter schools, as appropriate, as part of... Education. Race Conscious Policies for Assigning Students to Schools. Social Science Research and Supreme... operate a single-sex charter school should include in its application a detailed description of how it...

  3. 77 FR 530 - Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law: Notice of Renewal of Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law: Notice of Renewal of Charter The Charter of the Department of State's Advisory Committee on Private International Law has been renewed, effective for a two-year period. Pursuant to...

  4. Laboratories of Reform? Human Resource Management Strategies in Illinois Charter Schools. Policy Research: IERC 2016-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Bradford R.

    2016-01-01

    Charter schools are publicly-funded educational entities that operate independently from local school districts and are exempt from certain state and local requirements, particularly with regard to teacher personnel policy. In exchange for this flexibility, charter schools are held more accountable for results and may be shut down if they fail to…

  5. 76 FR 16469 - Application of Air Charter, Inc. D/B/A Air Flamenco for Commuter Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Office of the Secretary Application of Air Charter, Inc. D/B/A Air Flamenco for Commuter Authority AGENCY... it should not issue an order finding Air Charter, Inc. d/b/a Air Flamenco fit, willing, and able,...

  6. Consequences of Team Charter Quality: Teamwork Mental Model Similarity and Team Viability in Engineering Design Student Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway Hughston, Veronica

    2014-01-01

    Since 1996 ABET has mandated that undergraduate engineering degree granting institutions focus on learning outcomes such as professional skills (i.e. solving unstructured problems and working in teams). As a result, engineering curricula were restructured to include team based learning--including team charters. Team charters were diffused into…

  7. 75 FR 26258 - Office of the Director; Notice of Charter Renewal for the National Science Advisory Board for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Office of the Director; Notice of Charter Renewal for the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity In accordance with Title 41 of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Section 102-3.65(a), notice is hereby given that the Charter for the National Science...

  8. Empowerment, Leadership, and Teachers' Intentions to Stay in or Leave the Profession or Their Schools in North Carolina Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndoye, Abdou; Imig, Scott R.; Parker, Michele A.

    2010-01-01

    Teacher attrition and migration plague many American schools. The situation is even more dire in charter schools across the country. On average, teacher attrition is 15 to 40% higher in charter schools than in traditional schools. This study examined the relationships among teacher empowerment, school leadership, and intentions to stay in or leave…

  9. Circles of Influence: Rational Decision-Making, Strategic Positioning, and the Formation of Charter School Clusters in New Jersey

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Entremont, Chad

    2012-01-01

    A major focus of charter school research has been the potential impact of increased school choice on student sorting by race/ethnicity and socio-economic status. Researchers have argued that charter schools may increase segregation by allowing families to separate into more homogeneous school communities. Yet surprisingly, little attention has…

  10. Charter Schools as a Vehicle for Education Reform: Implementation and Outcomes at Three Inner-City Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Aaron J.; Ross, Steven M.; Bol, Linda; McSparrin-Gallagher, Brenda

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the impact of 3 2nd-year charter schools (1 elementary, 1 middle, and 1 high school) on student achievement, school climate, and pedagogy. All schools served predominantly African American students in an inner-city district. Using a matched treatment-control student analytical design, charter school enrollees were individually…

  11. Implementing Project-Based Learning to Create "Authentic" Sources: The Egyptological Excavation and Imperial Scrapbook Projects at the Cape Cod Lighthouse Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garran, Daniella K.

    2008-01-01

    Chartered in 1994 and opened in 1996, the Cape Cod Lighthouse Charter School (CCLCS) was among the first charter schools in Massachusetts. CCLCS strives to foster "intellectual development, academic achievement, project based learning, interdisciplinary studies, community partnerships, environmental studies, global awareness, and an ethical…

  12. Right Product, Wrong Packaging: Not 'Constitution', but 'Constitutional Charter'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Law

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to locate the principal cause of Europe’s prevailing ratification crisis in the inappropriate title arrived at in the European Convention, Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe. This over-ambitious styling led the media to characterise the text as simply an ‘EU Constitution’. Yet, the text was not a Constitution as we traditionally understand the term, i.e. the founding document of a State: scholars are agreed that the EU is not, and will not become upon ratification, a State.In terms of substance, whilst the text certainly strengthened some emerging constitutional aspects, it was not a major departure from the status quo like the Single European Act and Treaty on European Union had been; and it remained technically a treaty like all its predecessors. Arguably, therefore, it did not require referenda to ratify. However, confusion over the scale and importance of what was proposed, stemming from ambiguity in the title, pushed politicians down this unfortunate path.The article identifies a high level of consensus among commentators as to the true nature of the text: most are happy designating it a treaty (noun with constitutional (adjective aspects. The early proposed title Constitutional Treaty for Europe was arguably, therefore, the correct one; but it is now too late to choose this option, as the terms Constitution and Constitutional Treaty have already been muddled in debate. A more distinctive change is required. One idea could be to follow the principle employed elsewhere in the text of codifying the generally accepted but presently unwritten legal concepts of the European Court of Justice, as was done for example for ‘primacy’ and ‘direct effect’. The Court has characterised the EU treaties as a ‘constitutional charter’ for over twenty years now, and on this basis a modified title could read Treaty Establishing a Constitutional Charter for Europe. Importantly, the term ‘charter’ is recognised

  13. Underlying Policy Assumptions of Charter School Reform: The Multiple Meanings of a Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Amy Stuart; Grutzik, Cynthia; Carnochan, Sibyll; Slayton, Julie; Vasudeva, Ash

    1999-01-01

    Based on interviews with state-level policy makers in six states, examines the policies of charter-school reform, arguing that the bipartisan support for these schools masks often-opposing viewpoints regarding the purpose of the reform. Identifies three salient and conflicting themes that emerge from the policy makers' explanations of their…

  14. 78 FR 9689 - Notification of a Public Meeting of the Chartered Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... AGENCY Notification of a Public Meeting of the Chartered Science Advisory Board AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science Advisory... swine and dairy animal feeding operations]; and (3) to discuss information provided in the...

  15. Laying the Foundation for Successful Team Performance Trajectories: The Roles of Team Charters and Performance Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathieu, John E.; Rapp, Tammy L.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the influences of team charters and performance strategies on the performance trajectories of 32 teams of master's of business administration students competing in a business strategy simulation over time. The authors extended existing theory on team development by demonstrating that devoting time to laying a foundation for…

  16. Competitive Incentives and the Education Market: How Charter Schools Define Themselves in Metropolitan Detroit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubienski, Christopher; Lee, Jin

    2016-01-01

    Policymakers often advance charter schools as an education reform model that can offer more diverse educational alternatives for families. Yet, as these schools compete for students, questions arise about how they respond to the competitive incentives in differentiating themselves through marketing distinct options for learners. The way these…

  17. 76 FR 34890 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Limited Access for Guided Sport Charter Vessels in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... rule implementing the program on January 5, 2010 (75 FR 554). Under the program, NMFS initially issued... rule to implement the charter halibut limited access program, published on April 21, 2009 (74 FR 18178... halibut limited access program (75 FR 554, January 5, 2010), NMFS implemented the Council's...

  18. The Public Library User and the Charter Tourist: Two Travellers, One Analogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, Catarina A. M.; Michnik, Katarina E.; Nordeborg, Yoshiko

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: A new theoretical model, relevant to library and information science, is implemented in this paper. The aim of this study is to contribute to the theoretical concepts of library and information science by introducing an ethnological model developed for investigating charter tourist styles thereby increasing our knowledge of…

  19. 34 CFR 300.209 - Treatment of charter schools and their students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... schools that are public schools of the LEA. (1) In carrying out Part B of the Act and these regulations with respect to charter schools that are public schools of the LEA, the LEA must— (i) Serve children... the site to its other public schools; and (ii) Provide funds under Part B of the Act to those...

  20. The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages: A "Magnum Opus" or an Incomplete "Modus Vivendi?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soldat-Jaffe, Tatjana

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates to what extent the European Union (EU) has the means to protect minority and regional languages in the EU, looking at the ways three different bodies of the EU, the European Parliament (EP), the Council of Europe (CoE) and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) differ in handling language…

  1. The Line between Cultural Education and Religious Education: Do Ethnocentric Niche Charter Schools Have a Prayer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.; Eckes, Suzanne E.; Basford, Letitia E.

    2012-01-01

    When first conceived, charter schools were envisioned as local projects initiated by parents and/or groups of teachers seeking to improve the educational performance of students. In the past two decades, the phenomenon has expanded to more than 5% of all U.S. public schools and almost 3% of all students (Center for Education Reform [CER], 2009).…

  2. Case Studies ofEmerging Ethnocentric Charter Schools in Hawai'i

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina K Buchanan

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available The fast growing charter school movement may be impeded if charter schools are perceived as a vehicle for stratifying, segregating, and balkanizing an already ethnically, socio-economically divided population. This article defines ethnocentric schools and describes three Native Hawai'ian charter schools. While they are very different in curricula and in emphasis on the Hawai'ian language and other features, they all have strong community support and a high degree of parental involvement and have access to funds available only for Native Hawai'ian programs. It may be easy to support the expenditure of public funds for ethnocentric charter schools in areas like Hawai'i where ethnic minorities have traditionally been underserved. The issues raised in this study may have broader implications for the evolution of American public education. The question is not what criteria to apply to distinguish schools of "good" choice from schools of "bad" choice. In final analysis we must ask, are schools of choice truly schools of choice, or not?

  3. Diverse Charter Schools: Can Racial and Socioeconomic Integration Promote Better Outcomes for Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard; Potter, Halley

    2012-01-01

    The education policy and philanthropy communities to date have placed a premium on funding charter schools that have high concentrations of poverty and large numbers of minority students. This report asks: Might it make more sense for foundations and policymakers to embrace a variety of approaches, including efforts to demonstrate the feasibility…

  4. Analyzing Breadth and Depth of a Virtual Charter School's Science Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vick, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    This case study analyzes five science courses of a United States virtual charter school. Online quizzes and exams are provided by the corporate partner, while local teachers have selected report topics, virtual labs and at-home labs for students to complete. These assessments were coded for their correlation to the cognitive levels of the revised…

  5. 75 FR 61761 - Renewal of Charter for the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee AGENCY: Department... Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee (CFSAC). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Wanda K. Jones, Dr.P... risk factors relating to chronic fatigue syndrome, and identifying potential opportunities in...

  6. 77 FR 17529 - Notice of Charter Renewal: Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Notice of Charter Renewal: Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes AGENCY: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: This notice is to announce the renewal of the Advisory Committee on the Medical Uses of Isotopes (ACMUI) for a...

  7. Violence Prevention at Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School. Summary Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Jocelyn; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, P. Mitchell; Lowry, Samantha S.

    2010-01-01

    This summary brief is based on research conducted by the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center on the violence prevention activities taking place at the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School during the 2008-2009 school year. Researchers from the Justice Policy Center conducted an assessment of the school's violence prevention…

  8. 12 CFR 543.9 - Application for conversion to Federal mutual charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application for conversion to Federal mutual charter. 543.9 Section 543.9 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY..., including the present value of any preference to which such holders are entitled. (c) Action on...

  9. Is It Wrong for Us to Want Good Things? The Origins of Gompers Charter Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehan, Hugh B.; Chang, Gordon C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper documents the initial process by which a San Diego middle school, located in a low-income and predominantly Hispanic neighborhood and repeatedly failing to meet No Child Left Behind provisions, restructured into an academically rigorous, detracked charter school. The discussion of the political experience and working relationships…

  10. 77 FR 32167 - Notice of Renewal of Advisory Committee on International Law Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-31

    ...The Department of State has renewed the Charter of the Advisory Committee on International Law. Through this Committee, the Department of State will continue to obtain the views and advice of a cross section of the country's outstanding members of the legal profession on significant issues of international law. The Committee's consideration of these legal issues in the conduct of our foreign......

  11. Teacher Identity in a Multicultural Rural School: Lessons Learned at Vista Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenger, Kerri J.; Dinsmore, Jan; Villagomez, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we describe a 30-month qualitative exploration of diverse teachers' identities in a high-poverty, bilingual, K-8 public charter school in rural eastern Oregon. First, we use the perspectives of saberes docentes and a situated view of teacher development to document the life histories of monolingual and bilingual teachers at Vista…

  12. Charter School Statutes and Special Education: Policy Answers or Policy Ambiguity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.

    2007-01-01

    Charter schools are a growing and evolving component of the public education sector. These schools may be exempt from state or local regulations, but they are part of the public system and subject to federal laws and many regulations. Research has documented policy tensions and basic challenges associated with developing special education programs…

  13. The Role of Leadership in Starting and Operating Blended Learning Charter Schools: A Multisite Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostini, Michael Eric

    2013-01-01

    Heavily utilizing both instructional technology and face-to-face instruction within a bricks-and-mortar school environment, blended learning charter schools are gaining attention as a cost-effective school design. As educators turn to these blended learning school models to improve both the operational efficiency and student outcomes of…

  14. 77 FR 69593 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Exempted Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering Permits; Letters of Acknowledgment AGENCY: National... Permits (EFPs), Scientific Research Permits (SRPs), Display Permits, Letters of Acknowledgment (LOAs), and... related permits are necessary for the collection of HMS for public display and scientific research that...

  15. 78 FR 13864 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Exempted Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... Fishing, Scientific Research, Display, and Chartering Permits; Letters of Acknowledgment AGENCY: National... received regarding our intent to issue Exempted Fishing Permits (EFPs), Scientific Research Permits (SRPs... prohibited by the regulations contained in this part for the conduct of scientific research, the...

  16. 76 FR 4322 - Charter Schools Program (CSP); Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... I of the ESEA. (75 FR 78509). High-poverty school means a school in which at least 50 percent of...) by evaluating the effects of charter schools, including their effects on students, student academic... discretionary grant programs, published in the Federal Register on December 15, 2010 (75 FR 78486)....

  17. 76 FR 54487 - Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of... the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group... of the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group is in the public interest in connection...

  18. 78 FR 54482 - Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Charter Renewal, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group AGENCY: Bureau of... the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group. The purpose of the Adaptive Management Work Group... Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group is in the public interest in connection with the performance...

  19. Jet aircraft engine emissions database development: 1992 military, charter, and nonscheduled traffic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metwally, Munir

    1995-01-01

    Studies relating to environmental emissions database for the military, charter, and non-scheduled traffic for the year 1992 were conducted by McDonnell Douglas Aerospace Transport Aircraft. The report also includes a comparison with a previous emission database for year 1990. Discussions of the methodology used in formulating these databases are provided.

  20. 77 FR 59185 - Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... AGENCY Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental... Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2, the Gulf of Mexico Citizen Advisory Committee (GMCAC) is a necessary committee which is in the public interest. Accordingly, the GMCAC is renewed for an additional two...

  1. Understanding School Choice: Location as a Determinant of Charter School Racial, Economic, and Linguistic Segregation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    The author analyzes the revealed school preferences of parents in the Washington, D.C., and asks, "What is the main determinant of charter school choice and how does it create racial, economic, and linguistic segregation?" The author first establishes a theory of choice, which incorporates past research and adds an additional variable to our…

  2. 77 FR 59137 - Chartering and Field of Membership Manual for Federal Credit Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ...; ] NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Part 701 RIN 3133-AE02 Chartering and Field of Membership Manual for Federal Credit Unions AGENCY: National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). ACTION: Proposed... Board, National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314-3428....

  3. The legal nature of the voyage charter party and its tax deployment

    OpenAIRE

    Júdice, Mônica Pimenta

    2016-01-01

    The present work has as main approach the voyage charter party. To do so, it was necessary to analyze the legal nature of this type of contract of affreightment, on its total or partial mode. This will enable to understand possible effects of Tax on the Circulation of Goods and Interstate and Intermunicipal Transportation Service – VAT and Service Tax.

  4. Ready to Lead? A Study of Arkansas and Louisiana Charter School Principals' Leadership Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Creshun Anjal

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of Arkansas and Louisiana district conversion and open-enrollment charter school principals' background characteristics, leadership skills, and school success. A quantitative methodology was used to test the research questions prescribed in the study. Data was collected using a survey. The…

  5. 78 FR 79401 - Advisory Committee on Supply Chain Competitiveness Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-30

    ... comprehensive policy approach to supply chain competitiveness designed to support U.S. export growth and... competitiveness of U.S. supply chains for goods and services in the domestic and global economy; and to provide... International Trade Administration Advisory Committee on Supply Chain Competitiveness Charter Renewal...

  6. 75 FR 57249 - Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Northeast (NE) Multispecies Fishery; Charter/Party...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 50 CFR Part 648 RIN 0648-BA09 Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; Northeast (NE) Multispecies Fishery; Charter/Party Fishery Control Date AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce....

  7. 75 FR 6655 - Local Government Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... AGENCY Local Government Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection... Local Government's Advisory Committee (LGAC) will be renewed for an additional two-year period, as a... recommendations to EPA's Administrator on ways to improve its partnership with Local Governments and provide...

  8. 78 FR 46949 - FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... CORPORATION FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking... Insurance Corporation has determined that renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking...

  9. 76 FR 48162 - FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... CORPORATION FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION: Notice of renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking... Insurance Corporation has determined that renewal of the FDIC Advisory Committee on Community Banking...

  10. 76 FR 52329 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health, Department of Health and...

  11. 78 FR 69682 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of...

  12. 76 FR 72416 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of...

  13. 75 FR 3720 - Office of Environmental Management; Environmental Management Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-22

    ... of Environmental Management; Environmental Management Advisory Board Charter Renewal Pursuant to... Environmental Management Advisory Board will be renewed for a two-year period beginning January 23, 2010. The Board provides the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management (EM) with information and...

  14. 76 FR 7217 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Public Law 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors,...

  15. 75 FR 48973 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases: Notice of Charter Amendment This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors,...

  16. 78 FR 53147 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health, Department of...

  17. 75 FR 19630 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    ... Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board Charter Renewal Pursuant to Section 14(a)(2)(A) of the...-Specific Advisory Board will be renewed for a two-year period beginning April 11, 2010. The Board provides... renewal of the Environmental Management Site- Specific Advisory Board has been determined to be...

  18. 78 FR 6328 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Health Statistics: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors, National...

  19. The Ark of Hope: Carrying the Earth Charter toward United Nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linder, Sally

    2002-01-01

    Thousands of people from 51 countries created the Earth Charter, which heralds humankind's respectful recognition of life's interdependence and our shared responsibility for the world's well-being. A Vermont group put it in an "Ark of Hope" and walked it through four states to the United Nations. Related art workshops held in Vermont schools and…

  20. Time Charters with Purchase Options in Shipping: Valuation and Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; De Giovanni, Domenico

    The paper studies the valuation and optimal management of Time Charters with Purchase Options (T/C-POPs) which is a specific type of asset lease with embedded options that is common in shipping markets. T/C-POPs are economically significant and sometimes account for more than half of the stock...

  1. Time Charters with Purchase Options in Shipping: Valuation and Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; De Giovanni, Domenico

    2010-01-01

    The article studies the valuation and optimal management of Time Charters with Purchase Options (T/C-POPs), which is a specific type of asset lease with embedded options that is common in shipping markets. T/C-POPs are economically significant and sometimes account for more than half of the stock...

  2. 75 FR 28789 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants for... requirements for the School Improvement Grants, published in the Federal Register on December 10, 2009 (74 FR... supplies; (iii) acquiring or developing curriculum materials; and (iv) other initial operational costs...

  3. 78 FR 49755 - Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Renewal of Charter for the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/ AIDS AGENCY: Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Office of the.../ AIDS (PACHA; the Council) has been renewed. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Caroline Talev,...

  4. 77 FR 12579 - Notification of a Public Meeting of the Chartered Science Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... draft report on the President's requested FY 2013 budget for EPA research and a draft report on science.... to 1 p.m. (Eastern Daylight Time). ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held at The Washington Plaza Hotel... below. Draft Report on the President's Requested FY 2013 Research Budget for EPA The chartered SAB...

  5. 77 FR 39705 - National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ... AGENCY National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology; Charter Renewal AGENCY... (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App. 2, the National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology (NACEPT... Administrator of EPA on a broad range of environmental policy, technology and management issues. Inquiries...

  6. School Marketing as a Sorting Mechanism: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Charter School Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Terri S.; Carlsen, Robert L.

    2016-01-01

    An emerging body of research has explored "supply side" questions of school choice, or how schools and systems shape enrollment through locational decisions, recruitment, and marketing. This study focuses on how school websites market and communicate the distinct missions of charter schools to prospective families. Through a critical…

  7. Who Is Teaching? New Roles for Teachers and Parents in Cyber Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Lisa Hasler; Leong, Peter

    2014-01-01

    While teachers in cyber charter schools play the important role of supporting students, many of these schools also rely heavily on the parents or guardians of students to act as co-educators. Teachers are no longer the sole providers of instruction. However, little is known about the roles of parents or guardians, referred to as learning coaches,…

  8. Growing Pains: Scaling up the Nation's Best Charter Schools. Education Sector Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Sector, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Amistad Academy is a bright shining star in public school reform. Founded in 1999 in a renovated warehouse in a blighted New Haven, Connecticut, neighborhood by a group of Yale law school students, the 289-student charter school has won the praise of the last two federal education secretaries. Educators throughout the country have traveled to the…

  9. Developing and implementing a service charter for an integrated regional stroke service: An exploratory case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.-P. Thomassen (Jean-Pierre); C.T.B. Ahaus (Kees); S.G.J. Van de Walle (Steven)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Based on practices in commercial organizations and public services, healthcare organizations are using service charters to inform patients about the quality of service they can expect and to increase patient-centeredness. In the Netherlands, an integrated regional stroke serv

  10. Perspectives on long-term Eurasian energy supply: the role of the energy charter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper examines Croatian energy outlook in the broader 'Eurasian' context, taking into consideration the prospect of increasing energy import dependency in Western and Central Europe, and assesses the contribution that multilateral instruments, such as the Energy Charter Treaty, can make in promoting security of supply.(author)

  11. Site-Based Leadership: Extrapolating from Small Business to Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbisi Little, Joan

    2012-01-01

    Using a participant-observer perspective, this comparative case study sought to identify similarities between business and education to contribute to charter school training, leadership development, and school reform. This inquiry is a qualitative comparative case study using a participant observer perspective presented in a scholarly personal…

  12. Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations, New York, NY. Office of Public Information.

    The Charter of the United Nations is divided into 19 chapters. Following a preamble, Chapter I outlines the purposes and principles of the organization; Chapter II, the membership; and Chapter III, organization. Chapter IV describes the composition, functions, powers, and voting procedure of the General Assembly. Chapter V outlines the functioning…

  13. Some Fiscal Issues of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Poelmann

    2015-01-01

    The principles embodied in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union also affect daily fiscal life. Their significance increases as the European Court of Justice (ECJ) applies them in judgments on tax matters, including related penalties. The author reacts to some fiscally relevant asp

  14. 77 FR 15997 - National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee on March 1, 2012. DATES: The Charter for the National Medal of Technology and Innovation Nomination Evaluation Committee was renewed on March 1, 2012... Nomination Evaluation Committee (NMTI Committee) on March 1, 2012. This Notice is published in...

  15. 77 FR 66462 - Clean Air Act Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... AGENCY Clean Air Act Advisory Committee; Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection...'s Clean Air Act Advisory committee (CAAAC) will be renewed for an additional two-year period, as a... recommendations to the EPA Administrator on policy issues associated with implementation of the Clean Air Act....

  16. Lessons Learned in Conducting a Lottery-Based Study of Core Knowledge Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Thomas G.; Grissmer, David W.; Altenhofen, Shannon; Larson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The authors are presently in the fourth year of a six-year, lottery-based randomized control trial (RCT) studying the effectiveness of nine Colorado charter schools that have implemented Core Knowledge®. Core Knowledge (CK) is a comprehensive K-8 curriculum for language arts, math, science, social studies, visual arts, and music that is intended…

  17. Ethical Framework for a Sustainable World: Earth Charter Plus 10 Conference and Follow up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clugston, Rick

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on an international conference "An Ethical Framework for a Sustainable World," that was held in Ahmedabad, India. The conference served as the culmination of events marking the 10-year anniversary of the completion of the Earth Charter document and the launch of a social movement to transition to a more sustainable way of life…

  18. Dewey's Theory of the Democratic Public and the Public Character of Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waks, Leonard J.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, Leonard Waks reconsiders the issue of the public character of charter schools, that is, schools funded through public taxation but operated by non-state organizations such as nonprofit and for-profit educational corporations and nongovernmental public interest organizations. Using John Dewey's conception of a democratic public as a…

  19. The Neoliberal Regime in English Higher Education: Charters, Consumers and the Erosion of the Public Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidoo, Rajani; Williams, Joanna

    2015-01-01

    The restructuring of higher education (HE) according to neoliberal market principles has constructed the student consumer as a social category, thereby altering the nature, purpose and values of HE. In England, a key government attempt to champion the rights of the student consumer has taken the form of institutional charters which indicate the…

  20. Clarifying the Public-Private Line: Legal and Policy Guidance for Catholic-Affiliated Charter Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Kari A.; Decker, Janet

    2015-01-01

    In the past 50 years, the share of students enrolled in U.S. Catholic schools has declined from approximately 12% to 3%. In reaction, many urban Catholic schools have closed and subsequently reopened as public charter schools in order to receive governmental funding and to increase enrollment. As public schools, these Catholic- affiliated charter…

  1. Planning and Implementing Virtual Charter Schools in Wisconsin: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Juanita Joyce

    2010-01-01

    The long-term concern relative to education inequity indicates that the nation's youth will not be adequately prepared for the global and highly competitive marketplace of the 21st century (Casner-Lotto & Barrington, 2006). Initiatives to address this concern persist, including the creation of the virtual charter school (Vanourek, 2006;…

  2. Exploring the Supply Side: Factors Related to Charter School Openings in NYC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saultz, Andrew; Fitzpatrick, Dan; Jacobsen, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    School choice policies have led to a proliferation of new schools opening. While economic theory suggests that new charters would open in high demand locations, limited work examines whether this is, indeed, occurring. Framing our study in geography, we explore both space factors and place factors as contrasting explanations for where new charters…

  3. Operationalization of the Ghanaian Patients’ Charter in a Peri-urban Public Hospital: Voices of Healthcare Workers and Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lily Yarney

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Health is a basic human right necessary for the exercise of other human rights. Every human being is, therefore, entitled to the highest possible standard of health necessary to living a life of dignity. Establishment of patients’ Charter is a step towards protecting the rights and responsibilities of patients, but violation of patients’ rights is common in healthcare institutions, especially in the developing world. This study which was conducted between May 2013 and May 2014, assessed the operationalization of Ghana’s Patients Charter in a peri-urban public hospital. Methods Qualitative data collection methods were used to collect data from 25 healthcare workers and patients who were purposively selected. The interview data were analyzed manually, using the principles of systematic text condensation. Results The findings indicate that the healthcare staff of the Polyclinic are aware of the existence of the patients’ Charter and also know some of its contents. Patients have no knowledge of the existence or the contents of the Charter. Availability of the Charter, community sensitization, monitoring and orientation of staff are factors that promote the operationalization of the Charter, while institutional implementation procedures such as lack of complaint procedures and low knowledge among patients militate against operationalization of the Charter. Conclusion Public health facilities should ensure that their patients are well-informed about their rights and responsibilities to facilitate effective implementation of the Charter. Also, patients’ rights and responsibilities can be dramatized and broadcasted on television and radio in major Ghanaian languages to enhance awareness of Ghanaians on the Charter.

  4. Literature review of the passenger airline business models: Full service carrier, low-cost carrier and charter airlines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carmona Benitez, R.B.; Lodewijks, G.

    2008-01-01

    The deregulation and liberalization of the air transportation industry have developed three main passenger business models: full service carriers, low-cost carriers, and charter airlines. Deregulation removed regulated fares and routes increasing competition and yields. Airlines business models main

  5. Homonormativity, Charternormativity, and Processes of Legitimation: Exploring the Affective-Spatio-Temporal-Fixed Dimensions of Marriage Equality and Charter Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Over the past five years, marriage equality and charter schools have emerged at the forefront of political conversations about equality and rights. Some argue that these policies extend access to certain benefits and opportunities to historically oppressed communities, thus furthering liberalism and egalitarianism. In this article, I engage these arguments by exploring how and why people from dominant cultures come to support marriage equality or charter schools despite not directly benefitti...

  6. Converted charter plane for mass transport of patients after a tsunami.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Björnsson, Hjalti Már; Kristjánsson, Már; Möller, Alma D

    2008-01-01

    After a tsunami in the Indian Ocean in December 2004, thousands of injured tourists were stranded far away from home. To transport injured Scandinavians and their relatives back to Sweden, a standard Icelandic charter plane was altered for the mission in 2 days. Orthopedic injuries and aspirations were the predominant injuries among patients transported, but all had received advanced care in Thailand. The transport to Sweden was uneventful. The possibility of including charter planes in plans for mass transport of injured patients in disaster preparedness is stressed. For a given incident, a detailed checklist can facilitate gathering vital information to ensure adequate equipment and patient care. The lessons from the preparation of the plane and the mission are reported. PMID:18992689

  7. Charter for the development of the super-ethanol E85 channel in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Signed by more than 25 associations, or enterprises and the Government, this charter underlines eight main points in favor of the super-ethanol E85 development. Then the charter defines the actions plan allowing to assure the success of the launching and the development of the super-ethanol E85 channel: the necessary standards and technic, the diversified and impressive offer of flex-fuel vehicles, the E85 distribution network on the territory, the development of a competitive and sustainable channel of ethanol production, the economic and fiscal conditions allowing the E85 to be competitive facing the fossil fuels and the following of the actions plan. (A.L.B.)

  8. Learning from Charter School Management Organizations: Strategies for Student Behavior and Teacher Coaching

    OpenAIRE

    Robin Lake; Melissa Bowen; Allison Demeritt; Moira McCullough; Joshua Haimson.; Brian Gill

    2012-01-01

    A new Mathematica study, conducted with the Center on Reinventing Public Education, highlights approaches five successful charter school management organizations (CMOs) use to help improve student achievement. This report expands on a previous report showing that CMOs with the greatest positive impact on student achievement were most likely to establish consistent schoolwide behavior expectations for students, as well as use an intense approach to monitoring and coaching teachers. The latest ...

  9. Fields of application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and constitutional dialogues in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    SAFJAN, Marek

    2014-01-01

    This article is an extended version of a speech delivered during the Conference on Judicial Cooperation Techniques for the Protection of European Fundamental Rights: Past and Future Prospectives held in EUI on 9-10 May 2014. It deals with the possibility of maintaining coexisting national and Charter standards of fundamental rights and with the importance of cooperation between the ECJ and the national courts when fundamental rights protection is at stake. In this article, possible approaches...

  10. Ameliorating chartered accountants' training at a South African university : interventions for reform / N. van der Merwe

    OpenAIRE

    Van Der Merwe, N.

    2014-01-01

    The profession of chartered accountancy (CA) is critical to the economic, social and cultural development of South Africa. It has the potential to play a broader leadership role in the development of the financial skills the country needs so desperately. Extensive research has shown that South Africa has far too few CAs to satisfy the needs of the economy. The profession itself is, however, facing numerous challenges especially given the high expectations of employers of newly qualified CAs a...

  11. Decade of the New Charter of Athens and unsustainable 2D visions of cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćerimović Velimir Lj.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This 2013 marks a decade of unsustainable 2D combinatorics and 3D visions of 21st century cities sublimation by the New Charter of Athens created in 2003. This is a good occasion to review some of its outdated and unsustainable 2D principles, the ones that have failed for entire decade to create better cities of tomorrow and are now far away from achieving it. The problem is seen in the fact that the New Charter of Athens, through unsustainable implementation of the outdated 2D terminology, sees the physical structure of a city in a proselytical and unsustainable way and accepts only high-built objects or artifacts, regarding them to be only built space and structures since they do possess walls. Therefore, the so-called visionary charter perceives the vision of the European cities of the 21st century, and the implementation of 2D terminology and 2D quasy-knowledge shows its unawareness of the fact that apart from social (local communities and high-built physical structures, cities consist of two more types of physical (3D structures, objects or artifacts having no walls. That is why its 3D vision has not been completed yet, ever since the day it was adopted in 2003, because it does not perceive and recognize low and landscape built 3D objects and artifacts. Moreover, it regards them to be the so-called non-built, the so-called free, the so-called open space. Therefore, it is certainly not unusual to note that the charter does not even mention a significant eco-reciprocity and eco-urban continuity between immanent, integrative, compatible and complementary high, low and landscape built objects or artifacts within the physical structure of cities.

  12. Moses as a role model in the Serbia charters after 1371 changing patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vujošević Žarko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aspects of the Old Testament figure of Moses highlighted in the charters of post-Nemanjić Serbia, or under the Lazarević and Branković dynasties (1371-1459, testify to a changed attitude towards Old Testament role models. While members of the Nemanjić house such as the archbishop Sava I and the rulers Stefan of Dečani and Dušan look up to Moses as a "religious leader", a prayerful intercessor before God and a victorious warrior, all of that for the sake of the "chosen" people, the role he is assigned in the arengae of the charters issued by prince Lazar and despots Stefan Lazarević and Đurađ Branković is completely different. In the universal Christian context of the post-1371 arengae Moses figures as a "prophet" and the builder of the Tabernacle - a prefiguration of the Church, thereby epitomizing a major stage in the salvation history of humankind. The role of Moses, as well as that of David, the only other Old Testament figure still referred to in the charters of the period, has a universal ecclesiologically interpreted, significance. This new pattern of interpreting Moses implies that the ruler’s main virtue now becomes his concern for the "true faith" and the houses of God. The practice of the Nemanjićs as regards selection and interpretation of Old Testament themes is reestablished by the titular despots of the Branković dynasty. In their charters, the first part of the Bible with Moses as a popular leader reassumes a "national" character and becomes part of the ideological apparatus intended to posit the Serbs as a "New Israel".

  13. District-Charter Collaboration Grant Implementation: Findings from Interviews and Site Visits

    OpenAIRE

    Moira McCullough; Luke Heinkel; Betsy Keating

    2015-01-01

    This document is an interim report examining the implementation of district-charter collaboration grants funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The report addresses three key research questions: (1) To what extent do schools and staff collaborate across sectors and how have grant activities influenced collaboration among participating staff through the first 12 to 15 months of implementation? (2) What contextual factors currently play a role in implementation of the collaboration gran...

  14. School Contexts and 'Acting White' - Peer Networks of Somali Immigrant Youths in an Afrocentric Charter School

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, M.; Madyun, N; Lam, BOY; Jumale, M

    2014-01-01

    We examine whether the “acting white” labeling practice and subsequent peer isolation exist (or do not exist) within Somali immigrant adolescents, one of the most underresearched black immigrant student groups, and what school contexts are associated with their presence (or absence). Using a case study, we found that high-achieving Somali immigrant students in an urban Afrocentric charter school in the United States were not isolated from their peers. Rather, they tended to have a relatively ...

  15. A Program Evaluation of a Credit Recovery Program to Improve Graduation Rates for At-Risk High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parks, David R.

    2011-01-01

    Research has shown that low graduation rates are a problem in high schools across the United States. The problem is significant at a small, inner-city charter high school in a southwestern US state that had a 2008 graduation rate of 34%. After assessing the situation, educators at this school developed the Credit Retrieval Program (CRP) to help…

  16. 76 FR 65182 - Indirect Cost Rates for the Damage Assessment, Remediation, and Restoration Program for Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... the table of indirect cost rates. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For further information, contact La... DARRP hired the public accounting firm Rubino & McGeehin, Chartered (R&M) to: Evaluate the DARRP cost accounting system and allocation practices; recommend the appropriate indirect cost allocation...

  17. Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part III: The Southwest (Apache--Mohave). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, George E., Comp.

    The Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of publications. Included in this volume are the amended charter and constitution of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Dulce, New…

  18. An Examination of Assessment Scores between Students Who Attend Public Schools and Students Who Were Homeschooled Prior to Entering a Virtual Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Virtual charter schools, emerging in the 1990s, are a recent development in the education field and reflect today's technology-oriented society. This study examined existing data to evaluate what, if any, difference existed between students who attended public school and those who were homeschooled prior to entering the virtual charter school. …

  19. The department Charter of the Finistere wind turbines; La charte departementale des eoliennes du Finistere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-06-01

    In a context favorable to the renewable energies development, the Finistere showed in few months many wind turbines installation projects. Those projects present conflicting stakes: the richest areas in terms of energy are also the most sensitive in term of ecology and environment. The conciliation of these conflicting stakes is difficult because the town planning documents do not take into account these installations specificities. Therefore the Finistere decided to write a department charter for the wind turbines. The first chapter deals with the objectives and the partners engagements, the second chapter presents elements of decision making. (A.L.B.)

  20. The Energy Charter Treaty and settlement of disputes – current challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuliana-Gabriela Iacob

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Energy Charter Treaty (the “ECT” is a multilateral agreement aiming to promote energy cooperation and security. This paper focuses on the provisions of the ECT governing the protection of foreign investments and the settlement of disputes between investors and host states. In particular, this paper analyses the recent developments and challenges in the field of dispute settlement under the ECT, such as the increase in arbitrations, the withdrawal of Italy from the ECT, as well as the interplay between EU law and the ECT.

  1. Is there a Difference Between For-Profit Versus Not-For-Profit Charter Schools?

    OpenAIRE

    Hill, Cynthia D; David Welsch

    2008-01-01

    The role of for-profit educational organizations in the predominantly public and not-for-profit K-12 U.S. schooling system is being fiercely debated across our nation. Little empirical research is available to help policy makers develop informed decisions regarding the educational value that for-profit schools provide to our students. This paper fills in part, for the first time in detail, this void. This paper uses a four year panel of charter schools from the state of Michigan and a random ...

  2. Charter rights & health care funding: a typology of Canadian health rights litigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flood, Colleen M; Chen, Y Y Brandon

    2010-01-01

    Canadian health consumers have increasingly relied on the Charter of Rights and Freedoms to demand certain therapies and reasonably timely access to care. Organizing these cases into a 5-part typology, we examine how a rights-based discourse affects allocation of health care resources. First, successful Charter challenges can, in theory, lead to courts granting and enforcing positive rights to therapies or to timely care. Second, courts may grant a right to certain health services; however, subsequently government fails to deliver on this right. Third, successful litigation may create negative rights, i.e. rights to access care or private health insurance without government interference. Fourth, consumers can fail in their legal pursuit of a right but galvanize public support in the process, ultimately effecting the desired policy changes. Lastly, a failed lawsuit can stifle an entire advocacy campaign for the sought-after therapies. The typology illustrates the need to examine both legal and policy outcomes of health right litigation. This broader analysis reveals that the pursuit of health rights seems to have caused largely a regressive rather than progressive impact on Canadian Medicare. PMID:21456397

  3. Transforming Ottawa Charter health promotion concepts into Swedish public health policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersson, Bosse

    2007-01-01

    Swedish public health policy clearly illustrates how the concept of the Ottawa Charter for health promotion can be utilized at a national level. The impact has been more implicit than explicit. Public health has a long history in Sweden and much of the present and future is, and will be, linked to traditional values and structures. International input, however, has been essential to prompt new approaches and change. Health inequalities remain the major shortcoming. The Swedish system offers universal access to healthcare in a decentralized system. Still, primary healthcare, and the health services as a whole have not yet sufficiently embraced the idea of health promotion. Political attention to modern public health at the Prime Minister level was established in late 1980s. Since, continuous initiatives in terms of organization, infrastructure and funding have taken place. With regard to funding, a vast majority of the resources allocated to health promotion will be found outside the health sector. An interesting observation is that the Swedish public health policy with its 11 objective domains remains the same, also after a change of government. Future challenges include maintaining and developing an intersectoral mechanism for implementation, allocating more resources for intervention research to strengthen knowledge-based health promotion, and developing tools for coping better with the challenges of globalisation identified in the Bangkok Charter. PMID:18372877

  4. Indigenous Communities: A Way of Living that puts the Earth Charter into Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ovares-Barquero

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to draw attention to the role that indigenous communities have historically fulfilled by practicing the values proposed in the Earth Charter upon its ancestral construction. The intention is to reflect on the fact that the principles stated in the Earth Charter have been intrinsically performed by these groups on a daily basis. That is, these groups become a role model because they respect life in all its diverse forms, promoting a democratic, participative, sustainable, and peaceful existence, which ensures, the balance of Earth to present and future generations. On the other hand, this paper analyzes the damage caused by human beings, through their unfriendly practices, to Latin American natural resources and therefore to the planet. Moreover, the human species is the only one able to reverse the damage caused. Based on this context, the hope is to place the human being as the center of the planetary system. This requires an education that raises awareness and contributes to the overall view of the problems and takes into account their short, medium, and long term consequences, not only for a community but also for the entire humankind.

  5. Similarities and Differences in the Organizational Characteristics of Charter Schools: A Test of Institutional Isomorphism and Strategy Positioning Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Charter schools, independent public schools which operate through a system of contracts with public agencies, are heavily promoted as a means of improving the nation's traditional public education system. Managed as private enterprises, these schools compete for students through the implementation of market-style practices. Popularly viewed…

  6. 76 FR 44309 - Applications for New Awards; Charter Schools Program Grants to Non-State Educational Agencies for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    ... available data. 4. Open Educational Resources (OER) means teaching, learning, and research resources that... educational program, which may include (i) refinement of the desired educational results and of the methods... Applications for New Awards; Charter Schools Program Grants to Non-State Educational Agencies for...

  7. Practicing ESD at School: Integration of Formal and Nonformal Education Methods Based on the Earth Charter (Belarusian Experience)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savelava, Sofia; Savelau, Dmitry; Cary, Marina Bakhnova

    2010-01-01

    The Earth Charter represents the philosophy and ethics necessary to create a new period of human civilization. Understanding and adoption of this new vision is the most important mission of education for sustainable development (ESD). This article argues that for successful implementation of ESD principles at school, the school education system…

  8. Violence Prevention in Schools: A Case Study of the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School. Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Jocelyn; Debus-Sherrill, Sara; Downey, P. Mitchell; Lowry, Samantha S.

    2010-01-01

    This report is based on research conducted by the Urban Institute's Justice Policy Center on the violence prevention activities taking place at the Thurgood Marshall Academy Public Charter High School during the 2008-2009 school year. Based on an assessment of the school's violence prevention approach using qualitative and quantitative data from…

  9. Accolades and Recommendations: A Longitudinal Analysis of Monitoring Reports for Two Charter Schools Serving Native American Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Derek L.; Holder, K. C.

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal case study examines 10 years' worth of annual monitoring reports for two rural Native American Charter Schools. Using data from multiple sources including interviews, site visits, and document analyses, the authors used provisional coding and constant comparison analysis to categorize the accolades and recommendations embedded in…

  10. New Capabilities for Cyber Charter School Leadership: An Emerging Imperative for Integrating Educational Technology and Educational Leadership Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowch, Eugene

    2009-01-01

    Cyber charter schools (CCS) and cyber schools may soon become the most "disruptive innovation" in the education system (Christensen, Horn & Johnson, 2008) so the author urges educational technologists to take up the imperative to develop new administration knowledge among the students along with educational technology skills to support future…

  11. Franchising Public Education: A Study of the Linkage of Charter Schools and Private Education Management Companies in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    School franchising (defined as the replication of a particular product or service across a wide geographic region) marks a radical departure from the traditional view of the community-based neighborhood school. This paper reports on a study of a growing niche of charter school private management contracts in Massachusetts. The focus is on the…

  12. 12 CFR 614.4070 - Loans and chartered territory-Farm Credit Banks, agricultural credit banks, Federal land bank...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Loans and chartered territory-Farm Credit Banks..., provided such loans are authorized by the policies of the bank and/or association involved, do not constitute a significant shift in loan volume away from the bank or association's assigned territory, and...

  13. Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America, Part VII: The Indian Tribes of California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fay, George E., Comp.

    The publication, Part VII of a series, includes the charters, constitutions, articles of association or community organization, and by-laws of California Indians on 16 reservations and rancherias. Legal documents from the following groups are provided: Hoopa, Me-Wuk, and Paiute Indians; the Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indians; the Mission Creek…

  14. The Effect of Inclusion Models on Special Education Student Performance in Charter Schools in Washington, D.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owoh, Kendahl

    2013-01-01

    Assessment results of 52 special education students in a charter school in Washington, D.C., were used to compare instruction received in co-teaching models of inclusion and resource classrooms to determine their impact on end-of-year standardized state exams. Statistical analysis showed Grade 3-8 special education students currently receiving…

  15. 75 FR 78246 - Medicare Program; Re-Chartering of the Advisory Panel on Ambulatory Payment Classification (APC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... Charter effective through November 21, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shirl Ackerman-Ross, (410... new technology APCs to clinical APCs). Evaluating APC group weights. Reviewing packaging the cost of... methodology for packaging and the impact of packaging on APC group structure and payment. Removing...

  16. Teach for America, Relay Graduate School, and the Charter School Networks: The Making of a Parallel Education Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mungal, Angus Shiva

    2016-01-01

    In New York City, a partnership between Teach For America (TFA), the New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE), the Relay Graduate School of Education (Relay), and three charter school networks produced a "parallel education structure" within the public school system. Driving the partnership and the parallel education structure are…

  17. 77 FR 22298 - Applications for New Awards: Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non-State Educational Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... program. 5. Funding Restrictions: Use of Funds for Post-Award Planning and Design of the Educational... Applications for New Awards: Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants to Non-State Educational Agency (Non-SEA) Eligible Applicants for Planning, Program Design, and Initial Implementation and for Dissemination...

  18. Analysis of Quarantine Results of Baggage Carried by Passengers on Tourist Charter Flights at Changsha Airport%长沙空港口岸旅游包机旅客携带物检疫情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁非同; 廖晓兰

    2015-01-01

    This article adopts the method of statistics and summary, and so the research was conducted to analyze luggage carried by passengers on tourist charter flights to find the conditions of inspection and quarantine at Changsha Airport in 2014. The results showed that at Changsha Airport entry and exit, prohibited items carried by passengers on tourist charter flights had the following characteristics:1) the interception rate of passengers on tourist charter flights was higher than that of ordinary passengers, with the inbound interception at a rate of 0.777%V.S. 0.626%of ordinary passengers, with statistically significant chi­square test results;2) the interception rate of plant products was higher than that of animal products;3) the interception rate in autumn and winter seasons was higher than those in spring and summer seasons; 4) compared with that by ordinary passengers, the number of interception carried by passengers on charter flights was more, and the varieties were more concentrated. Thus, according to the characteristics of passengers on the tourist charter flights, two targeted inspection and quarantine measures were put forward hereby so to perfect the notification system and strengthen the supervision of animal and plant quarantine the key flights.%采用统计和汇总的方法,分析2014年长沙空港口岸旅游包机旅客检疫现场携带物的检验检疫情况。结果表明,长沙空港口岸出入境旅游包机旅客携带的禁止进境物有以下特点:旅游包机旅客的截获率高于普通旅客,入境旅游包机旅客的截获率为0.777%,普通旅客的为0.626%,经χ2检验有统计学意义。植物制品截获率高于动物制品,秋冬季节截获率高于春夏季节,此外与普通旅客相比旅游包机旅客的携带物数量更多,品种也更加集中。根据旅游包机旅客的特点提出了完善告知制度和加强重点航班的动植物检疫监管两项有针对性的检验检疫措施。

  19. [ABORTION AND CHARTER FOR THE EMBRYO BETWEEN THE ANCIENT WORLD AND THE THIRD MILLENNIUM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cilione, Marco

    2014-01-01

    In 2012 the Italian Court of Cassation recognized a young woman the right not to be born and a compensation for her Down's syndrome. Before her birth, her parents asked their gynaecologist for abortion in case he had found any patology affecting the baby. The clinical tests didn't reveal the syndrome, so, after the baby's birth, the doctor was sued for damages. A similar case had occurred in France, where the High Court affirmed that constitution is based on the right to live, not to die. A debate was opened, in which the hippocratic oath has been used to support the pro vita position. This article focuses on whether, when and why the hippocratic tradition allows abortion; when and by whom the embryo was considered to be a human being; if, according to the few sources we have, a charter for the embryo existed in ancient times. PMID:26292516

  20. Empowering people to be healthier: public health nutrition through the Ottawa Charter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Mary A T

    2015-08-01

    The WHO's Ottawa Charter highlights five priority areas for taking action in public health. Only one of them is at the individual level as action at more upstream intervention levels, such as community or policy levels, is critical for enabling individuals to succeed. The objective of the present paper is to give insight into the many complex processes involved in public health nutrition by describing the Ottawa Charter's five priority areas for taking action using public health nutrition initiatives I have been involved in. Evidence-based guidelines for healthy eating and infant feeding provide an essential basis for individuals to 'develop personal skills' (Action Area 1). 'Re-orienting health services' (Action Area 2) can address the needs of vulnerable population subgroups, such as the culturally sensitive diabetes prevention programme established for an Indo-Asian community in Canada. Identifying geographic areas at high risk of childhood obesity enables better strategic planning and targeting of resources to 'strengthen community action' (Action Area 3). Calorie menu labelling can 'create supportive environments' (Action Area 4) through encouraging a demand for less energy-dense, healthier food options. 'Building healthy public policy' (Action Area 5) to implement mandatory folic acid food fortification for prevention of birth defects has many advantages over a voluntary approach. In conclusion, evaluation and evidence-based decision-making needs to take account of different strategies used to take action in each of these priority areas. For this, the randomised control trial needs adaptation to determine the best practice in public health nutrition where interventions play out in real life with all its confounding factors. PMID:25602708

  1. Advancing Competency-Based Medical Education: A Charter for Clinician-Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carraccio, Carol; Englander, Robert; Van Melle, Elaine; Ten Cate, Olle; Lockyer, Jocelyn; Chan, Ming-Ka; Frank, Jason R; Snell, Linda S

    2016-05-01

    The International Competency-Based Medical Education (ICBME) Collaborators have been working since 2009 to promote understanding of competency-based medical education (CBME) and accelerate its uptake worldwide. This article presents a charter, supported by a literature-based rationale, which is meant to provide a shared mental model of CBME that will serve as a path forward in its widespread implementation.At a 2013 summit, the ICBME Collaborators laid the groundwork for this charter. Here, the fundamental principles of CBME and professional responsibilities of medical educators in its implementation process are described. The authors outline three fundamental principles: (1) Medical education must be based on the health needs of the populations served; (2) the primary focus of education and training should be the desired outcomes for learners rather than the structure and process of the educational system; and (3) the formation of a physician should be seamless across the continuum of education, training, and practice.Building on these principles, medical educators must demonstrate commitment to teaching, assessing, and role modeling the range of identified competencies. In the clinical setting, they must provide supervision that balances patient safety with the professional development of learners, being transparent with stakeholders about level of supervision needed. They must use effective and efficient assessment strategies and tools for basing transition decisions on competence rather than time in training, empowering learners to be active participants in their learning and assessment. Finally, advancing CBME requires program evaluation and research, faculty development, and a collaborative approach to realize its full potential.

  2. IPPF Charter on Sexual and Reproductive Rights. International Planned Parenthood Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, K; Helzner, J F

    1999-05-01

    For most of human existence and in most societies, women have been considered to be property and subject to men. Throughout history, with such notable exceptions as Queen Boadicea, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Elizabeth I of England, and Catherine the Great of Russia, women had little or no power until early in the 20th century when the women's suffrage movement was successful in the United States and in some European countries. As women have gained political rights, groups of women have sought sexual and reproductive rights, as exemplified by the feminist movement of the past few decades in the United States. Although marked strides toward achievement of reproductive choice have been taken in high-income countries, there remain major strictures to reproductive freedom for women in low-income countries. This area, which is replete with ethical and moral issues, has been addressed by the International Planned Parenthood Foundation (IPPF), which has worked to improve the sexual and reproductive health of women throughout the world. The IPPF Charter on Sexual and Reproductive Rights is a paradigm for both women's rights and human rights. Karen Newman is policy adviser with the IPPF and has codrafted the IPPF Charter on Sexual and Reproductive Rights together with two lawyers. She has held several positions within the IPPF, including medical researcher, press officer, and programme adviser in Europe, where she had responsibility for working with new family planning associations (FPAs) in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. At present, she is working to increase the capacity of IPPF member FPAs to undertake human rights-based advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights. Judith F. Helzner is director of Sexual and Reproductive Health at International Planned Parenthood Federation/Western Hemisphere Region, Inc., where she has worked since 1987. She holds M.A. degrees from the University of Pennsylvania in International Relations and Demography. Her previous employment

  3. Advancing Competency-Based Medical Education: A Charter for Clinician-Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carraccio, Carol; Englander, Robert; Van Melle, Elaine; Ten Cate, Olle; Lockyer, Jocelyn; Chan, Ming-Ka; Frank, Jason R; Snell, Linda S

    2016-05-01

    The International Competency-Based Medical Education (ICBME) Collaborators have been working since 2009 to promote understanding of competency-based medical education (CBME) and accelerate its uptake worldwide. This article presents a charter, supported by a literature-based rationale, which is meant to provide a shared mental model of CBME that will serve as a path forward in its widespread implementation.At a 2013 summit, the ICBME Collaborators laid the groundwork for this charter. Here, the fundamental principles of CBME and professional responsibilities of medical educators in its implementation process are described. The authors outline three fundamental principles: (1) Medical education must be based on the health needs of the populations served; (2) the primary focus of education and training should be the desired outcomes for learners rather than the structure and process of the educational system; and (3) the formation of a physician should be seamless across the continuum of education, training, and practice.Building on these principles, medical educators must demonstrate commitment to teaching, assessing, and role modeling the range of identified competencies. In the clinical setting, they must provide supervision that balances patient safety with the professional development of learners, being transparent with stakeholders about level of supervision needed. They must use effective and efficient assessment strategies and tools for basing transition decisions on competence rather than time in training, empowering learners to be active participants in their learning and assessment. Finally, advancing CBME requires program evaluation and research, faculty development, and a collaborative approach to realize its full potential. PMID:26675189

  4. A Significant Number of Charter Diplomates Participate in American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Maintenance of Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puffer, James C

    2015-01-01

    Considerable controversy about the value of participating in Maintenance of Certification has recently arisen within the medical community. Despite this controversy, large numbers of family physicians certified by the American Board of Family Medicine participate in Maintenance of Certification for Family Physicians. Surprisingly, a small but significant number of charter diplomats--those initially certified by the American Board of Family Medicine at its founding--are engaged in the process.

  5. Charter Cities - ostrovy prosperity s importovaným právnym systémom?

    OpenAIRE

    Beník, Miroslav

    2013-01-01

    If we consider various improving concepts of governance, we can distinguish two main trends in public choice economics. Neoclassical analysis provides a static view of competitive government, where the main idea is free choice and so-called vote with feet. Dynamic view adds understanding of competition as knowledge generating process and product differentiation. The aim of the work is to evaluate Charter Cities project from the perspective of static and dynamic competition in the government i...

  6. Literature review of the passenger airline business models: Full service carrier, low-cost carrier and charter airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona Benitez, R.B.; Lodewijks, G.

    2008-01-01

    The deregulation and liberalization of the air transportation industry have developed three main passenger business models: full service carriers, low-cost carriers, and charter airlines. Deregulation removed regulated fares and routes increasing competition and yields. Airlines business models main objectives are to minimize operation costs and fares, and to maximize profits based on cost leadership, differentiation and focus strategy. This paper presents a literature review about airline bu...

  7. Interdisciplinary Climate Change Curriculum Materials based on the Next Generation Science Standards and The Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, A.; Robertson, W. H.

    2013-12-01

    In the 2012, the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies' reported that one of the major issues associated with the development of climate change curriculum was the lack of interdisciplinary materials that also promoted a correlation between science standards and content. Therefore, in order to respond to this need, our group has developed an interdisciplinary climate change curriculum that has had as its fundamental basis the alignment with the guidelines presented by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and the ones presented by the international document entitled The Earth Charter. In this regards, while the alignment with NGSS disciplinary core ideas, cross-concepts and students' expectations intended to fulfill the need for the development of climate change curriculum activities that were directly associated with the appropriate set of NGSS guidelines, the alignment with The Earth Charter document intended to reinforce the need the for the integration of sociological, philosophical and intercultural analysis of the theme 'climate change'. Additionally, our curriculum was also developed as part of a collaborative project between climate scientists and engineers, who are responsible for the development of a Regional Arctic Simulation Model (RASM). Hence, another important curriculum constituent was the feedback, suggestions and reviews provided by these professionals, who have also contributed to these pedagogical materials' scientific accuracy by facilitating the integration of datasets and visualizations developed by RASM. Furthermore, our group has developed a climate change curriculum for two types of audience: high school and early undergraduate students. Each curriculum unit is divided into modules and each module contains a set of lesson plans. The topics selected to compose each unit and module were designated according to the surveys conducted with scientists and engineers involved with the development of the climate change

  8. [The African Charter on the Rights of the Child. The member states of the Organization of African Unity must ratify without further delay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diongue, A

    1994-12-01

    In July 1990, the Organization of African Unity (OUA) adopted the African Charter of the Rights and Welfare of the Child. It includes a Preamble, two relative parts on the Rights and Respects of the Child, and 47 articles. It defines "child" as a complete human being less than 18 years old. It recognizes the child's unique and privileged place in African society and that African children need protection and special care. It also recognizes that the child has freedom of expression, association, peaceful assembly, thought, religion, and conscience. It aims to protect the private life of the child and safeguard the child against all forms of economic exploitation and against work that is hazardous, interferes with the child's education, or compromises his/her health or physical, social, mental, spiritual, and moral development. It also calls for protection against abuse and bad treatment, negative social and cultural practices, all forms of exploitation or sexual abuse, and illegal drug use. It also aims to prevent the sale, trading, kidnapping, and begging of children. It calls for the creation of an African expert committee on the rights and well-being of the child. Its mission is to promote and protect the rights consecrated by the Charter, to practice applying these rights, and to interpret the disposition of the Charter as required of party states, OUA institutions, or all other institutions recognized by OUA or by a member state. The Charter goes into effect 30 days after OUA or 15 member states ratify it. As of August 24, 1994, only four states had ratified it. Member states have taken it upon themselves to take all necessary measures to adopt the Charter. The delay of African states in this affair is incomprehensible. Eleven years separate the adoption of the Declaration on the Rights and Welfare of the African Child and this Charter. Must the African child wait as long to see the Charter become law? PMID:12288686

  9. Research project: “Charter on the Risk for Cultural Heritage conservation in bounded environments”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Meli

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available As for the objectives set by the Charter on the Risk of Cultural Heritage and of the Territorial Information System at a regional level and in particular concerning Sicily, the research is aimed at reaching two goals with an integral and consistent approach. The first objective is to collect the necessary information and to carry out an action plan in order to help the person in charge with the cultural unit (museum, library, archive, picture gallery to reach and keep a good “status” of the cultural heritage and at the same time to keep a high quality of life and work in the cultural unit. The document which will be drafted will provide the basic and general information for the various areas of the working environment that are adjacent to each other. At the same time the document will provide guidelines for the safety and the conservation of the cultural collections of the museum and will have to be adapted to each cultural unit with specific features concerning the “system: manufactures with historical-artistic interest / or interesting for the conservation environment”. Some sites that are considered to be emblematic will be tested, and this is the second objective of the research, they will be carefully chosen as representative of the various, complex and variable logistic and cultural situations of our country and in particular of Sicily.

  10. Web 2.0 at a non-traditional charter school A mixed methods study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollis, Jennifer C.

    In a mixed methods design, I sought to explore teacher and administrator views of technology integration and change in schools. Specifically, I examined a small staff's perspectives towards the integration of Web 2.0 tools and mobile devices into student-centered classroom instruction at a small non-traditional charter school in Southern Georgia. Online surveys and face-to-face interviews were conducted to gather data on the educators' value of technology, the role and integration of technology in the classroom, and their current levels of technology usage. The converged mixed methods results illustrate the following: (a) educators are willing to integrate technologies they value; (b) educators are open to incorporating emerging technologies into the classroom with proper support; (c) educators do not instinctively integrate technology in student-centered ways; (d) educators are open to learning about emerging technologies from their students; (e) teachers and administrators are not equally open to integrating Web 2.0 tools and mobile devices into classrooms. I conclude that teachers and administrators need to critically examine how to apply Web 2.0 technologies and mobile devices to enhance learning in order to remain relevant and meet the needs of their students in the twenty-first century. Keywords: Digital Age, mixed methods, mobile devices, student-centered, teacher and administrator beliefs, Web 2.0 integration

  11. The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages: Still Relevant in the Information Age?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah McMonagle

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The impact of new information and communication technologies on European societies could not have been foreseen at the time the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML was adopted two decades ago. Although the text of the ECRML contains no reference to such technologies, they clearly have a role in the context of linguistic communication, given their current social ubiquity. The measures outlined in the ECRML concerning, inter alia, media and cultural facilities, are precisely those being affected by the new media landscape. We can therefore be certain that the internet has some sort of impact on regional and minority languages in Europe, yet detailed assessments of this impact at the policy level are lacking. This article seeks to uncover the extent to which the Committee of Experts of the ECRML assesses the impact of the internet on those languages that have been selected by state parties for protection and promotion under the provisions of the ECRML. Findings show that references to the internet have increased in the reports of the Committee of Experts since monitoring began. However, the role of new technologies in inhibiting or facilitating regional and minority languages is seldom evaluated.

  12. A Discovered Ducal Seal Does Not Belong to the Incorporation Charter for the City of Krakow Solving the Mystery Using Genetic Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lech, Tomasz

    2016-01-01

    The Incorporation Charter for the city of Krakow, the former capital of Poland, is one of the most valuable documents stored in the National Archives in Krakow. The document, which was written in 1257 on parchment, grants Krakow the Magdeburg rights and regulates its legal, statutory, economic and settlement-related aspects. The Charter was placed in the National Register of the Memory of the World UNESCO programme in 2014. A ducal seal, considered to be the lost seal detached from the Incorporation Charter, was found in the sphragistic collection after nearly 500 years. Unfortunately, it was uncertain whether the seal in question was indeed the missing part of the document. The aim of the study presented below was to solve this mystery. For this purpose, the parchment on which the Incorporation Charter was written was compared with the fragment of the parchment attached to the discovered seal. The study involved the analysis of selected mitochondrial DNA sequences and additional analysis at the level of nuclear DNA using microsatellite markers in the form of 11 STR (Short Tandem Repeat) loci, to identify the species and individual whose skin had been used to make the parchment. This analysis revealed that seal and parchment was from different individuals and thereby discovered that the seal was never a part of the Incorporation Charter. The study is further an example of informative DNA preservation in cultural heritage objects. PMID:27560131

  13. AN ANALYSIS OF THE PERCEPTION OF CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT TRAINEES REGARDING ACCESS TO THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING NEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bunea Ștefan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, the certification of the quality of chartered accountant is accomplished by CECCAR(i. It is conditioned by the completion of the period of initial training. A part of this period is provided by the universities, while the other part is provided by CECCAR through the national 3-year internship programme. The objective of our survey was to analyse the way in which chartered accountant trainees perceive the access to the accounting profession, their own limitations in terms of competences, the need for professional training, and the benefits ensured by the professional training within CECCAR. Being a member of IFAC(ii, CECCAR has implemented the requirements of the international education standards. The results of the survey confirm that due to differences in their educational backgrounds trainees perceived certain barriers preventing their access to the accounting profession. They also considered that the training of chartered accountants should be provided by CECCAR rather than by the universities. The self-assessed competence level of trainees in fields such as accounting, taxation, or IT was appreciated as at least good, while the competences regarding organizations and businesses, international financial reporting, corporate governance, and financial markets were appreciated as modest. The need for professional training is assessed by trainees considering the immediate practice and not the expectations regarding future career development or future evolutions of accounting practices. The trainees in our survey do not consider necessary any investment in competences that they cannot use immediately at the level required by small and medium-sized businesses they work for. This implicates that results should be interpretated with caution and other factors (such as long term trends and expectations should be considered in establishing the educational needs of future accountants.

  14. Brain Morphometric Correlates of Metabolic Variables in HIV: The CHARTER Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    ARCHIBALD, S.L.; MCCUTCHAN, J.A.; SANDERS, C.; WOLFSON, T.; JERNIGAN, T.L.; ELLIS, R.J.; ANCES, B.M.; COLLIER, A.C.; MCARTHUR, J.C.; MORGELLO, S.; SIMPSON, D.M.; MARRA, C.; GELMAN, B.B.; CLIFFORD, D.B.; GRANT, I.; FENNEMA-NOTESTINE, C.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: Obesity and other metabolic variables are associated with abnormal brain structural volumes and cognitive dysfunction in HIV-uninfected populations. Since individuals with HIV infection on combined antiretroviral therapy (CART) often have systemic metabolic abnormalities and changes in brain morphology and function, we examined associations among brain volumes and metabolic factors in the multi-site CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) cohort. Design: Cross-sectional study of 222 HIV-infected individuals. Methods: Metabolic variables included body mass index (BMI), total blood cholesterol (C), low- and high-density lipoprotein C (LDL-C and HDL-C), blood pressure, random blood glucose, and diabetes. MRI measured volumes of cerebral white matter, abnormal white matter, cortical and subcortical gray matter, and ventricular and sulcal CSF. Multiple linear regression models allowed us to examine metabolic variables separately and in combination to predict each regional volume. Results: Greater body mass index (BMI) was associated with smaller cortical gray and larger white matter volumes. Higher total cholesterol (C) levels were associated with smaller cortex volumes; higher LDL-C was associated with larger cerebral white matter volumes, while higher HDL-C levels were associated with larger sulci. Higher blood glucose levels and diabetes were associated with more abnormal white matter. Conclusions: Multiple atherogenic metabolic factors contribute to regional brain volumes in HIV-infected, CART-treated patients, reflecting associations similar to those found in HIV-uninfected individuals. These risk factors may accelerate cerebral atherosclerosis and consequent brain alterations and cognitive dysfunction. PMID:25227933

  15. Improving math and science education in charter secondary schools through the use of technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojose, Bobby

    This study was conducted to examine the promising practices of using technology in teaching math and science in charter schools in California. The study was conducted under the auspices of the Center for Educational Governance (CEG) which hopes to compile the promising practices into an Internet-based compendium to be replicated by others. The research employed an in-depth qualitative case study method. It was conducted in two secondary schools in different school districts in the state of California over a two-month period. The main participants were principals, lead teachers, teachers, and support staff. Interviews, observations, and archival documents were the main data collection tools. Face to face interviews were conducted with the principals, lead teachers of technology, teachers, and a support staff (Network Administrator). Technology lab and professional development activities were observed. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed. The study found that one school (MSA) has the promising practice of using technology to enhance the subject matter knowledge of students by using computers to further explore concepts already learned in the regular classroom. The other school (CART) has the promising practice of applying technology to real life situations as a teaching pedagogy. The result of these practices is the positive outcomes in the following areas: Increased student achievement in standardized teat scores, increased motivation, growth in mean GPA, less behavior problems from students, and improved school attendance by students. The implications for policy and practice include: Teachers having the knowledge of the benefits of constructive teaching in the classroom; principals understanding that professional development activities for technology integration will vary in complexities and depends on needs of teachers; policy makers identifying needs and establishing goals; and researchers conducting more qualitative studies to gather evidence to

  16. Religious interfaith work in Canada and South Africa with particular focus on the drafting of a South African Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iain T. Benson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Constitutional protections for religious freedom (and related freedoms of conscience, belief and association and equality, once interpreted by courts and tribunals, apply in a precedential manner to future cases. They have an influence well beyond the particular community to which they first applied. For this reason, religious communities have increasingly banded together and sought to intervene or even, on occasion, to initiate legal actions asserting or defending their rights. This article reviews some of the principles around the freedom of religion as understood in South Africa and Canada to show how courts have understood the freedom of religion in its social context. In addition, interfaith cooperation is discussed with particular reference to the recent process which led to the formation of a Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms pursuant to Section 234 of the South African Constitution (which is attached to the article. This section, a unique provision in any constitution, allows for the creation of additional Charters to give greater specificity to the general language of the Constitution itself. As such, it is an encouragement to civil society to determine what it thinks are the important provisions that should be spelled out to give guidance to politicians and the judiciary. Awide variety of religious groups participated in the creation of the Charter. The Charter does not claim to be, nor could it be, exhaustive of such concerns but demonstrates that religions can cooperate across a host of issues in education, health care, employment and other issues. The next stage – passage into law, is still in the future but the first important hurdle has been crossed with the signing of the Charter in October of 2010. The Charter might be a template for other countries though changes would be necessary to deal with local issues.

  17. The London Charter and the Seville Principles as sources of requirements for e-archaeology systems development purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan M. Carrillo Gea

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Requirements engineering (RE is a discipline of critical importance in software development. This paper provides a process and a set of software artefacts to help in the production of e-archaeology systems with emphasis on requirements reuse and standards. In particular, two important guidelines in the field of earchaeology, the London Charter and the Principles of Seville, have been shown as two sources of requirements to be considered as a starting point for developing this type of systems.

  18. Ratings War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JESSYZHANG

    2004-01-01

    Credit ratings are a conflicting issue for Chinese enterprises. While keen on achieving a. high rating, which translates as global recognition, when international rating firms publish their findings, the results are more often than not unsatisfactory. Much easier is obtaining a high rating in the domestic context. But the local ratings also give little satisfaction, since no domestic rating firm is yet qualified for international standards. A typical example happened recently in the banking sector.

  19. ["We need a new philosophy in the care of elderly people!" Findings about the implementation of the "Charter of Rights for People Needing Care and Nursing" in senior and nursing homes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dibelius, Olivia; Petzold, Christian

    2007-10-01

    The "Charter of Rights for People Needing Care and Nursing" was developed within the "Roundtable: Nursing", established by the German Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ) and the German Federal Ministry of Health and Social Security (BMGS), and was published in September 2005. The aim of the charter is to heighten the public consciousness for human rights in care and nursing, and to improve the situation of those in need. In this context a research project was developed to provide an evaluation of the charter by professionals in leading positions and to test its implementation. Forty-two investigative interviews with responsible personnel in senior and nursing nomes were conducted nationwide. The study led to following results: For the majority of those questioned the charter is unknown. In only five institutions the charter was well-known and implemented. Ninety percent of those questioned believe that the charter is necessary and important, because from their point of view questions regarding how human beings are perceived are of fundamental importance for principles and guidelines of institution management. Additionally, the charter is considered to be an appropriate means of supporting the further development of nursing and care concept. It could also lead to the improvement of transparency and could serve as a reference point in connection with quality management, and under certain conditions, it could offer criteria relevant to the provision of medical and home care by health insurance.

  20. Lessons Learned in Dreamland: How a Small Urban Charter School Overcame Start-Up Woes to Increase Reading Scores 28 Percent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Carolyn J.

    2011-01-01

    Charter school administrators weathered start-up woes, among them challenging students with unmet needs, verbal assaults, dwindling student enrollment, and a first-year budget deficit exceeding $200,000 to implement a reading improvement strategy that holds promise for helping at-risk students read better, a point particularly underscored…

  1. School Privatization by Way of a Comprehensive Management Contract: A Single Case Study of the Extent to Which Privatization Theory Transfers to Practice in a Public Charter School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    This paper presents findings from a case study of a single charter school operated by Edison Schools, Inc. (The particular school remains anonymous.) The study, grounded on the assumption that privatization improves efficiency, was done to document the relationship between the theory and practice of school privatization. The study relied on…

  2. Project SEARCH: Special Education as Requirements in Charter Schools. Final Report of a Research Study: Cross-State Analysis of Findings and Summaries of State Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahearn, Eileen M.; Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    This document presents findings of Project SEARCH, a qualitative research study of how charter schools interpret laws and regulations governing the education of children with disabilities, especially the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The project involved a preliminary 15-state policy analysis followed by in-depth case…

  3. Navigating Special Education in Charter Schools Part II: The Authorizers' Role in Ensuring Quality Special Education Programs. Authorizing Matters. Issue Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando

    2007-01-01

    What ought authorizers do to ensure that the charter schools they approve provide a quality education to students with disabilities who enroll in their school? That is the question many authorizers wrestle with as they strive to strike a balance between fulfilling their responsibilities under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)…

  4. Implementing Trust-Based Relational Intervention® in a Charter School at a Residential Facility for At-Risk Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parris, Sheri R.; Dozier, Moe; Purvis, Karyn B.; Whitney, Charlsie; Grisham, Amy; Cross, David R.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the implementation of Trust-Based Relational Intervention® (TBRI®) in a secondary charter school located at a residential facility for at-risk youth. This intervention has been used successfully with individual families, group homes, summer camps, and more recently, school environments. Through TBRI, school staff created…

  5. Performance Management in Portfolio School Districts. A Report from the Doing School Choice Right Project and the National Charter School Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lake, Robin J.; Hill, Paul T.

    2009-01-01

    The search continues for effective ways to educate disadvantaged children in big cities. Different cities have tried varied approaches--intensive work on the professional skills of teachers and administrators in Boston, standardized approaches to instruction in San Diego, and extensive use of vouchers and chartering in Washington, D.C., and…

  6. On professional accounting body complaints procedures: Confronting professional authority and professional insulation within the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland (ICAI)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. O'Dwyer; M. Canning

    2008-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the operation of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland's (ICAI) complaint process from the complainant's perspective. The findings are interpreted drawing on key elements of Parker's private interest model of professional accounting ethic

  7. 41 CFR 301-72.2 - May we utilize methods of transportation other than common carrier (e.g., POVs, chartered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May we utilize methods of transportation other than common carrier (e.g., POVs, chartered vehicles, etc.)? 301-72.2 Section... TRANSPORTATION Procurement of Common Carrier Transportation § 301-72.2 May we utilize methods of...

  8. Investigating the Impact of EPIC Professional Development on Perspectives Charter School Principals. An Evaluation of the EPIC Professional Learning Model. Evaluation Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sloan, Kay; Pereira-Leon, Maura; Honeyford, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    In 2009-10, New Leaders for New Schools partnered with the Perspectives Charter School Network in Chicago to pilot an innovative leadership development program for principals. The program is part of the Effective Practice Incentive Community (EPIC) initiative, which was created by New Leaders in 2006 to identify, reward, and share effective…

  9. New development on materials and techniques used in the heraldic designs of illuminated Manueline foral charters by multi-analytical methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the illuminated foral charters commissioned by D. Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495–1521), heraldry played a prominent role. In this work, royal emblems corresponding to the third heraldic design, applied to the Charter of Couto de Teixedo, are studied by means of EDXRF, SEM–EDS, micro-Raman, micro-FTIR and HPLC–DAD to characterize the materials and techniques used to produce this masterpiece of Portuguese Renaissance. By comparing this data with the results previously obtained in other three charters, this research allows for the first time an accurate insight into the reformed manuscripts production, especially since the illuminated charters under consideration were all investigated on the basis of similar micro-spectroscopic techniques. Inks, metal coatings, pigments, organic dyes, fillers or extenders, and binding media are discussed, and their use enlightened by the politic and legal messages the foral charters had to convey. Parchment analysis allowed us to identify the animal species, and all undertaken processes along its preparation. HPLC–DAD allowed us to differentiate the gums used. CaSO4 was observed in the parchment as a degradation product of CaCO3 used in parchment production in the presence of metal sulfates coming from the ink. Pigments used in the different colors as well as some specific phases for some colors were identified. Silvering and gilding processes, metal caratage and silver oxidation compounds were also objects of the present study. - Highlights: • Complementary analytical techniques using portable XRF and molecular techniques were used for the complete characterization of Portuguese illuminated manuscripts. • A comparison between four Manueline foral charters was undertaken, providing an accurate insight into their heraldic designs and production. • Inks, pigments and some of their specific phases, organic dyes, fillers or extenders, and binding media are discussed. • Silvering and gilding processes, metal caratage

  10. 77 FR 13304 - Application for New Awards; Charter Schools Program (CSP); Grants for Replication and Expansion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... disabilities at a rate that is at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the surrounding area; and (c) Serve English learners at a rate that is at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the surrounding area. In support...

  11. Charter on continuing medical education/continuing professional development approved by the UEMS Specialist Section and European Board of Anaesthesiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alahuhta, S; Mellin-Olsen, J; Blunnie, W P; Knape, J T A

    2007-06-01

    The mission of the Section and Board of Anaesthesiology of the European Union of Medical Specialists (EUMS/UEMS) is to harmonize training and medical practice in all European countries to continuously improve the quality of care. The need for continuous medical education in the field of anaesthesiology has long been recognized. However, specialty-based competencies are not the only requirements for successful medical practice. The need to acquire medical, managerial, ethical, social and personal communication skills on top of specialty-based competencies has developed into the principle of continuous professional development, which embraces both objectives. The Section and Board of Anaesthesiology of the EUMS/UEMS has approved a proposal of its Standing Committee on Continuous Medical Education/Continuous Professional Development to adopt the following charter on the subject.

  12. Circular letter from January 22, 2004 to the presidents of companies having the status of chartered storage facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This circular letter is intended for owners of storage facilities for petroleum products benefiting from the obligation of strategic storage according to the article 2 of law no 92-1443 from December 31, 1992. The attached document recalls the reasons and content of this obligation, the prevailing strategic storage rules in France (reference texts, products in concern, operators, stockpiles localization, product substitution possibilities..), the monthly declarations, the controls and sanctions, the annual plan of stocks localization, the obligation of information, the loss of chartered status or the renouncement. A schematic synthesis of the system of stockpiles constitution is presented in appendix, for France and for the French overseas departements. The other appendixes concern: the list of petroleum products concerned by the legal obligation of strategic storage, the relations between the professional committee of strategic stockpiles (CPSSP) and the anonymous society of security stocks management (SAGESS), and some examples of monthly and annual declaration forms. (J.S.)

  13. Investigating the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students in science-oriented charter schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Ozgur

    The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent gender, achievement level, and income level predict the intrinsic and extrinsic work values of 10th grade students. The study explored whether group differences were good predictors of scores in work values. The research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted on 131 10th graders who attended science-oriented charter schools. Students took Super's Work Values Instrument, a Likert-type test that links to 15 work values, which can be categorized as intrinsic and extrinsic values (Super, 1970). Multiple regression analysis was employed as the main analysis followed by ANCOVA. Multiple regression analysis results indicated that there is evidence that 8.9% of the variance in intrinsic work values and 10.2% of the variance in extrinsic work values can be explained by the independent variables ( p help predict intrinsic work value scores; Achievement Level may also help predict extrinsic work values. Achievement Level was the covariate in ANCOVA. Results indicated that males (M = .174) in this sample have a higher mean of extrinsic work values than that of females (M = -.279). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the intrinsic work values by gender. One possible interpretation of this might be school choice; students in these science-oriented charter schools may have higher intrinsic work values regardless of gender. Results indicated that there was no statistically significant difference among the means of extrinsic work values by income level (p < .05). However, free lunch students (M = .268) have a higher mean of intrinsic work values than that of paid lunch students ( M = -.279). A possible interpretation of this might be that lower income students benefit greatly from the intrinsic work values in overcoming obstacles. Further research is needed in each of these areas. The study produced statistically significant results with little practical significance. Students

  14. Temperature and salinity profiles from CTD casts in Willapa Bay, Washington, from charter/fishing boats as part of the Pacific Northwest Coastal Ecosystem Regional Study (PNCERS) from 29 July 1997 to 10 September 1998 (NODC Accession 0000676)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — CTD and other data were collected from charter/fishing boats in Willapa Bay, Washington, from 29 July 1997 to 10 September 1998. Data were collected by the...

  15. On the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the EU accession to the European Convention on Human Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora CIUCĂ

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available After a short presentation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and its features, the paper is focused on the European Union‟s accession to the European Convention of Human Rights. As part of the Treaty of Lisbon implementation, this process is not an easy one. The author intends to identify and raise questions on this process, and to emphasise some technical and procedural difficulties, by comparing the two main European human rights systems. Europe has to face many changes and challenges: the recent entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the “new status” of the Charter of fundamental rights (as a legally binding instrument and the beginning of the process of EU‟s accession to the European Convention of Human Rights. This paper is intended to point out some aspects of this new era of the European construction.

  16. Charter for the development of the super-ethanol E85 channel in France; Charte pour le developpement de la filiere superethanol E85 en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Signed by more than 25 associations, or enterprises and the Government, this charter underlines eight main points in favor of the super-ethanol E85 development. Then the charter defines the actions plan allowing to assure the success of the launching and the development of the super-ethanol E85 channel: the necessary standards and technic, the diversified and impressive offer of flex-fuel vehicles, the E85 distribution network on the territory, the development of a competitive and sustainable channel of ethanol production, the economic and fiscal conditions allowing the E85 to be competitive facing the fossil fuels and the following of the actions plan. (A.L.B.)

  17. THE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHT TO HOUSING & THE CANADIAN CHARTER: A CASE COMMENT ON TANUDJAJA V. CANADA (ATTORNEY GENERAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David DesBaillets

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The case of Tanudjaja v. Attorney General, represents an unprecedented opportunity for Canadian legal scholars to examine the right to adequate housing in the Canadian human rights context. It is the only legal challenge that broaches directly the right to housing under Canadian law, basing its arguments on two key elements contained in Charter of Rights and Freedoms: sections 7 and 15. Moreover, the case represents an attempt by the claimants to bolster their Charter claim with reference to housing rights found in international human right’s law. For Canadian housing rights’ scholars, this decision, though ultimately quite negative in its conclusions, demonstrates the need for a better understanding of the intersection between international legal norms on human rights on the one hand, and the Charter, on the other. It does not, however, adequately portray the full extent of the former’s influence on the latter, as Justice Lederer of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice, failed to address the importance of international legal doctrine with respect to the interpretation of positive social and human rights in the Canadian legal context. In particular, he ignored the growing body of Charter related cases and precedents in Canadian jurisprudence that shed light on the complex relationship between fundamental human rights enshrined in various international legal documents and the recognized positive obligations they impose on the government of Canada to implement them under such long established treaties as the Covenant of Economic Social and Cultural Rights.    In this comment, the author makes a critique of the analysis undertaken by Judge Lederer with regards to the relevance of international human rights norms in the context of Tanudaja, by comparing it with past Charter jurisprudence involving the impact of these on Canadian human rights claims.   L’affaire Tanudjaja c. Attorney General est une occasion unique pour les sp

  18. 76 FR 40898 - Final Priorities, Requirements, and Selection Criteria; Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... a rate at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the... public schools in the surrounding area. Changes: We have added a Note following Priority 4--Promoting... are served in public schools in the surrounding area. Comment: One commenter suggested that we...

  19. 78 FR 72600 - Proposed Priorities, Requirements, and Definitions-Charter Schools Program (CSP) Grants for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... higher student enrollment, which may result in lower average costs per student for various activities or...' enrollment, as well as improve achievement (including student achievement and student growth) and attainment (including high school graduation rates and college enrollment rates) for students with disabilities...

  20. Assessing the Potential for Social Media Activity on the Business-to-Business Service Industry in the United Kingdom: A Research Project for RWB Chartered Accountants, Nottingham

    OpenAIRE

    Crowe, James

    2012-01-01

    This project was carried out with one main goal in mind, which was to investigate the potential of social media activity in the future on the part of RWB Chartered Accountants in Nottingham. The study aimed to understand and predict the best uses and purposes of communicating in the business-to-business service industry via social media. Vital reading was carried out providing a comprehensive review of customer satisfaction, branding, service quality, and client retention literature. This led...

  1. Reconsidering the Freedom Charter, the black theology of liberation and the African proverb about the locust’s head in the context of poverty in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ndikho Mtshiselwa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available While South Africa attained liberation from the apartheid rule in 1994, the legacy of colonialism and apartheid – in the form of poverty and economic inequality – continues to haunt black South Africans. The aim of this article is to make a case for the equitable sharing of South Africa’s mineral wealth amongst all its citizens with the view to alleviate poverty. Firstly, this article provides a reflection on the Freedom Charter and suggests that the values of the Charter, for instance, the sharing of resources and wealth, are relevant in South Africa today. Secondly, it is argued in the present article that the preferential option for the poor which is upheld in the black theology of liberation is equally relevant in post-apartheid South Africa where many black South Africans remain poor. Thirdly, this article argues that the African proverb, Bana ba motho ba ngwathelana hlogo ya tšie [The siblings share the head of a locust], also echoes the idea of equitable sharing of resources with a view to alleviate poverty. Lastly, the author submits that the idea of equitable sharing of resources and wealth that is echoed in the Freedom Charter, the black theology of liberation and the African wise saying support the equitable redistribution of the mineral wealth to the benefit of all South Africans.

  2. À quelles conditions une charte est-elle efficace ? What are the conditions for an efficient charter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Danblon

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, on soutient que la déclaration des droits de l’homme constitue un genre rhétorique dont les conditions d’efficacité peuvent s’analyser à trois niveaux : les conventions, les fictions et les motivations. Sa visée est la création d’un monde commun. On montre à travers l’exemple de la déclaration pour le droit des animaux comment une charte échoue à réaliser cette visée.In this paper, it is argued that the Declaration of Human Right is a rhetorical genre that is efficient if three conditions are fullfilled: the expression of conventions, of fictions and of motivations. The aim of such a genre is to create a common world. It is shown with the Declaration for Animals’ Rights how such a charter can fail to achieve this purpose.

  3. 76 FR 40890 - Application for New Awards; Charter Schools Program (CSP); Grants for Replication and Expansion...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... that is at least comparable to the rate at which these students are served in public schools in the... these students are served in public schools in the surrounding area. In support of this priority... on October 28, 2010 (75 FR 66363). Competitive Preference Priority 3--Promoting Diversity (up to...

  4. Establishing College Preparatory Conditions and a College-Going Culture in California Charter High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koven, Karyn Ashley

    2009-01-01

    Despite the large number of students entering high school, in our nation's urban centers with high minority populations, graduation rates are at "crisis levels" (The Civil Rights Project, 2005). Research shows a demonstrated relationship between high school graduation, college attendance and degree completion and the student's race and income.…

  5. Dual Enrollment: Breaking the Mold for College Readiness and Persistence in an Urban Charter School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Robert Lemoyne

    2011-01-01

    In the later part of the twentieth century, the continued growth in high school and college dropout rates led to the development of educational reform measures that would address an education model that was seen as applicable to a disproportionate percentage of the nation's students, thereby leaving the majority of schools and their students…

  6. Facility charter and quality of care for board and care residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castle, Nicholas G

    2004-01-01

    In this investigation structure, process, and outcome measures of quality in for-profit and not-for-profit board and care homes are compared. We find one structural measure (providing nursing care), three process measures (food quality, staff treat residents with respect, and staff verbally abuse residents), and two outcomes measures (cleanliness of the facility and complaints to Ombudsman) to be significant. Moreover, the directions of these effects are all consistent, with for-profit facilities rated more poorly that not-for-profit facilities. These results are discussed emphasizing their implications for efficient and effective resident care.

  7. New insights into the red and green pigments in the illuminated foral charter of Setubal (1515) by combined use of μ-Raman and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, M.; Carvalho, M. L.; Le Gac, A.; Manso, M.; Mortari, C.; Longelin, S.; Pessanha, S.

    2016-03-01

    The richly decorated foral charter attributed by D. Manuel I of Portugal, in 1515, to the village of Setubal, was studied using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence spectrometry and Raman micro-spectroscopy. An in situ characterization of the pigments used in the production of this masterpiece showed a very different pigment palette choice when compared to other similar Manueline charters. The red and green pigments are particularly puzzling, as the widely used mercury- and copper-based pigments, vermillion and malachite, respectively, were not found in the illuminated frontispiece. Instead, the cheaper lead-based pigment minium was used in the King's flag, while a mixture of copper sulfates was found for the green color, identified by means of micro-Raman spectroscopy. This result led to a new look at the conception that only one Royal workshop existed for the elaboration of Manueline foral charters.

  8. Recommendations for Foreign Trade Companies Established in Turkey on Making Charter Party Marine Bills of Lading in Accordance with Letter of Credit-L/C Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Özkan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses how charter party marine bills of lading should be made in accordance with the letter of credit-L/C method. In an L/C, in order that the obligation of payment of the applicant (issuing bank and of the confirming bank, if any, against the beneficiary can continue, exporting companies are required to prepare documents in accordance with the UCP 600, ISBP 745 and terms of documentary letter of credit and present them properly (complying presentation. In order to prepare appropriate documents, it is essential for the exporting companies to act according to the three important criteria (letter of credit requirements, UCP 600 and ISPB 745 prevailing in this regard. Since competence of complying presentation requires a certain level of expertise, the exporting companies established in Turkey have experienced difficulties in terms of how to prepare documents and could not get benefit from payment obligation undertaking of the applicant bank and of the confirming bank, if any, due to the presentation of discrepant documents, getting export prices late, and payment of extra fees/commissions. Due to trade property, importing company’s demands and the conditions required by the legislation of the country where the exporting company is established, exporting companies are required to prepare many types of documents. In this study, the common mistakes that exporting companies in Turkey made in preparation of the charter party and the other types of B/Ls are analyzed, the basic and critical features of the charter party B/Ls, in particular, are considered and different and common parts compared to other bill of ladings are evaluated and how they can be organized properly according to letter of credit payment is shown.

  9. The influences of globalisation in education policy-making: the case of the charter schools in the Province of San Luis, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Cardini

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Contextualisation This paper combines insights from the fields of educational policy and sociology, regarding the nature and impact of globalisation in national education policy, with empirical data from a particular policy-borrowing process in Argentina. Although there is extensive theoretical literature on the mechanisms by which globalisation trends influence national policy, few scholars have paid attention to the practical ways in which these global ideas shape and are disseminated in local contexts. This article is part of the growing body of literature that looks at the particular ways in which global discourses penetrate local settings. Abstract: This paper analyses to what extent specific educational reforms, in local contexts, respond to influences generally associated with the process of globalisation and the ways in which this might occur. More specifically, it looks at the origins and intentions of the Charter School policy in the Argentine province of San Luis. It aims to shed light on the practical ways in which global discourses penetrate local contexts. The paper begins by describing the context in which the charter policy took place. It then explores the transformations proposed by the policy and their link to global trends. The mechanisms, by which these international ideas were disseminated, in this particular local context, are then examined. To conclude, the paper suggests some explanations for the recent expansion of similar, educational and political, responses throughout the world.

  10. Professor Darleane C. Hoffman, Senior Advisor & Charter Director Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science Livermore, California and Dr Marvin Hoffman accompanied by Professor Heinz Gäggeler, University of Bern and Paul Scherrer Institut Villigen.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2001-01-01

    Photo 02 : Visit of Professor Darleane C. Hoffman, Senior Advisor & Charter Director, Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science, Livermore, California with (from left to right) Dr Mats Lindroos, ISOLDE Technical Coordinator; Professor Heinz Gäggeler, University of Bern and Paul Scherrer Institute Villigen, and Dr Marvin Hoffman.

  11. On the Implementation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights in South Africa%论《非洲人权和民族权宪章》在南非国内的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡高强; 郑敏芝

    2012-01-01

    《非洲人权和民族权宪章》的诞生对非洲人权保护而言具有里程碑的意义。宪章全面规定了人权和民族权,并针对宪章的良好实施规定了缔约国的国内实施义务。南非作为该宪章缔约国,采取了通过新宪法、建立宪法法院、制定保护人权的法律以及设立人权机构等一系列措施来确认和保障宪章人权,有效地推进了宪章所规定权利和自由在其国内的实施,从而使南非在区域人权保护中处于领先地位,特别是在对艾滋病人人权的保护上取得了令人瞩目的成就。%The birth of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights is a milestone for the protection of human rights in Africa. The Charter provides a comprehensive Human and Peoples' Rights, and stipulates the con- tracting parties' obligations to implement the Charter in their countries. As a contracting party of the Charter, South Africa has taken a series of measures to confirm and protect human fights of the Charter, such as enacting a new constitution, establishing the Constitutional Court, making laws to protect human rights and establishing human rights institutions, which has effectively promoted the implement of the fights and freedom prescribed in the Char- ter. Therefore, South Africa is in the leading position in the regional human rights protection, especially the note- worthy achievements in the protection of AIDS People's human rights.

  12. The Earth Charter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Humanity is part of a vast evolving universe. Earth is alive with a unique community of life. The forces of nature make existence a demanding and uncertain adventure, but Earth has provided the conditions essential to life's evolution. The resilience of the community of life and the well-being of humanity depend upon preserving a healthy biosphere…

  13. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990--2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruynooghe, Daniel; Wynn, Henry P.

    This dissertation investigates the creation, adaptation, and demise of international regimes. Specifically, I ask why international regimes sometimes fail to fulfill their original purpose. Empirically, I examine the evolution and eventual failure of the Energy Charter (ECH), a multilateral regime that governs the Eurasian energy economy. Modeled after the European Steel and Coal Community, the original goal of the regime was to capitalize on economic complementarities in energy to integrate Gorbachev's reforming USSR (later Russia) with Europe and promote pan-European cooperation and peace. By 2010, integration had failed, and the regime itself had become a source of conflict. To understand this outcome, I focus on the foreign energy policy of Russia, a central state within the ECH, which actively participated in designing the regime in the 1990s but two decades later decided that it was no longer in its interest. Using data collected from interviews and archival searches during field research in Russia, Brussels, and Paris, I find that under President Yeltsin, low domestic sovereignty meant the state could not integrate key domestic players into ECH policy-making. This led Russia to conclude a bargain that it could not implement domestically. Under President Putin, high domestic sovereignty meant the state had sufficient capacity to corral these recalcitrant actors. However, the new policy that emerged compelled Russia to attempt to modify the ECH in ways that violated previously accepted norms, thereby alienating its European partners and undermining the regime. This study supports Hegemonic Stability theory which suggests that we can expect regime failure after major shifts in the distribution of power produce changes in the interests and policies of key states. I extend this finding by showing that Russian state power increased due to changes in elite conceptions about the legitimacy of state power. I demonstrate this by using over time comparisons between

  14. The regulation of science and the Charter of Rights: would a ban on non-reproductive human cloning unjustifiably violate freedom of expression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingsley, Barbara; Caulfield, Timothy

    2004-01-01

    Non-Reproductive Human Cloning (NRHC) allows researchers to develop and clone cells, including non-reproductive cells, and to research the etiology and transmission of disease. The ability to clone specific stem cells may also allow researchers to clone cells with genetic defects and analyze those cells with more precisions. Despite those potential benefits, Parliament has banned such cloning due to a myriad of social and ethical concerns. In May 2002, the Canadian Government introduced Bill C-13 on assisted human reproductive technologies. Bill C-13 deals with both the scientific and the clinical use of human reproductive materials, and it prohibits a number of other activities, including NRHC. Although the Supreme Court of Canada has never ruled on whether scientific experiments area form of expression, academic support exists for this notion. The authors go through the legal analysis that would be required to find that scientific experiments are expression, focusing in part on whether NRHC could be considered violent and thus fall outside the protection of section 2(b). The latter question is complicated by the ongoing policy debate over whether an "embryonic cell" is property of human life. The authors then consider whether a ban on NRHC could be justified under section 1 of the Charter. They conclude that both the breadth of the legislative purpose and the proportionality of the measure are problematic. Proportionality is a specific concern because the ban could be viewed as an outright denial of scientific freedom of expression. Although consistent with current jurisprudence on freedom of expression, this paper runs against the flow of government policy in the areas of regulation and prohibition of non-reproductive human cloning. As there has been no Charter litigation to date on whether scientific research is a form of expression, the authors introduce a new way of looking at the legality of the regulation of new reproductive technologies.

  15. ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, HABITAT, Displacement Volume, TAXONOMIC CODE and other tows and trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2003-08-08 (NODC Accession 0115265)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115265 includes tows, biological and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN during cruises GP0108,...

  16. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, cloud amount/frequency and WIND SPEED tows and trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115264)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115264 includes meteorological, tows, biological, physical and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN...

  17. STOMACH CONTENTS - FULLNESS, WATER TEMPERATURE, STOMACH CONTENTS - PREY COUNT, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and other fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and MF0310 as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2003-08-08 (NODC Accession 0115262)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115262 includes biological, fish examination and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and...

  18. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and INDIVIDUAL FISH EXAMINATION - AGE fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115263)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115263 includes fish examination, biological and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  19. WATER DEPTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE, species abundance and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - WET WEIGHT trawl data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0114641)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114641 includes meteorological, biological and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208,...

  20. INDIVIDUAL FISH EXAMINATION - WEIGHT, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - SEX fish examination data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0114242)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114242 includes fish examination and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005...

  1. SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH and SPECIES IDENTIFICATION fish examination data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-18 (NODC Accession 0113968)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113968 includes biological and fish examination data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005...

  2. SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - ORGANISM LENGTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, WATER DEPTH, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and other fish examination data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115200)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115200 includes meteorological, fish examination and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  3. CHLOROPHYLL A and PHAEOPIGMENTS discrete sample and tows data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-17 (NODC Accession 0113923)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113923 includes discrete sample, tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208,...

  4. Current components, water pressure, physical, and other data from moored current meters, pressure gauges, and CTD casts from CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and other platforms from the Bering Sea - Coastal Waters of Western Alaska and other locations from 14 May 1989 to 06 October 1989 (NCEI Accession 9000278)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current components, water pressure, physical, and other data were collected from moored current meters, pressure gauges, and CTD casts from CHARTER/FISHING BOATS...

  5. CHLOROPHYLL A, SALINITY, WATER TEMPERATURE, FLUORESCENCE and SIGMA-T profile data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-17 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0113921)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113921 includes profile, biological and physical data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS and NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN during cruises GP0108,...

  6. HABITAT, WATER TEMPERATURE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, cloud amount/frequency and other trawl data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and others as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-18 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115261)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115261 includes meteorological, biological, physical and trawl data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01,...

  7. Derivation Path and Inhibition of Rent-seeking Behaviors in Alternation of Chartered Real Right%特许物权变动中寻租行为的衍生路径及抑制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭术魁; 张孜仪; 杨择郡

    2012-01-01

    特许物权是自然资源用益物权.特许物权变动是指特许物权的设立、变更和终止行为.自然资源的稀缺性特征是为其变动过程被政府管制的重要原因,我国法律即采取特许物权变动行政许可制度,是国家为减少自然资源开发中的外部性问题而对私人权益实施的强制性干预.特许物权变动行政许可制度弱化特许物权人的最大化收益,产生了价格不菲的经济租.部分特许物权人为了谋求自身利益的最大化,会做出各种努力旨在影响特许物权变动中行政许可的向度与强度.一旦寻租行为得逞,自然资源的法定变动路径将备受扭曲,社会总体福利下降.寻租行为在特许物权变动中的发生类型呈现出独占型寻租和竞争型寻租两种,但其有着共同的衍生路径.追踪寻租行为的发生脉路,可以洞察到自然资源特许物权变动中寻租衍生的特殊动因.可以通过合理化特许物权结构、规范特许物权变动秩序和强化行政许可权力制衡力度等措施来对寻租的动因加以有效抑制.%Chartered real right refers to the usufructuary right of natural resources while the alternation of chartered real right refers to the establishment, modification and termination of the chartered real right. The important reason why the alternation process of chartered real right is regulated by the government is mainly the scarcity of natural resources. The administrative license system for alteration of chartered real right is adopted by Chinese laws and it is a compulsory intervention imposed on the private rights by the government so as to reduce the externality in developing of natural resources. Administrative license system for the alternation of chartered real right has weakened the maximized benefits of the chartered holders of the right in rent and resulted in high economic rent as well. For the sake of maximum benefits, some chartered holders of the right in rent would

  8. Interest Rates, Exchange Rates and Macroeconomic Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Seyfettin ERDOĞAN; Karacan, Rıdvan; Alpaslan, Barış

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the fact that a change in exchange rates has an impact on main economic indicators and therefore on macroeconomic performance. The aim of this paper is to study the implications of the relationship between exchange rates and changes in short-term interest rates on macroeconomic performance in the Turkish economy. The results of this study show that monetary policy shocks may affect financial sector and real sector through exchange rates.

  9. The Issue on Whether Constituted Off- hire When Time Chartered Ship Hijacked by Piracy%期租船舶被海盗劫持期间是否构成停租的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏同江; 高伟

    2012-01-01

    在期租合同没有明确规定的情况下,船舶被海盗劫持并不构成定期租船合同中的停租条件,承租人不可以在船舶被劫持期间停付他原本应当向出租人支付的租金。为了明确责任,避免纠纷,双方当事人应当在合同中加以明确,或者将BIMCO海盗条款并入在期租船合同中,或者修改标准合同条款内容。%The vessel seized by pirates does not constituted the off- hire in time charter without explicitly specified agreement in the contract and the charterer can not stop paying the hire to the shipowner during the pe- riod of vessel hijacked. In order to determine the responsibility and avoid disputes, it should be made clear in the contract by both parties. Therefore the BIMCO Piracy Clause should be incorporated in the time charter par- ty or revise the contents of" the standard forms to provide a solution to this often contentious issue.

  10. Raters & Rating Scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Winifred A.; Stone, Mark H.

    1998-01-01

    The first article in this section, "Rating Scales and Shared Meaning," by Winifred A. Lopez, discusses the analysis of rating scale data. The second article, "Rating Scale Categories: Dichotomy, Double Dichotomy, and the Number Two," by Mark H. Stone, argues that dichotomies in rating scales are more useful than multiple ratings. (SLD)

  11. Real Property Tax Rates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The Levy Year 2012 real property tax rate dataset reflects all the rates per $100 set each year by the County Council. These rates are applied to the assessed value...

  12. A legalidade da intervanção preventiva e a Carta das Nações Unidas The Legality of Preventive Intervention under the UN Charter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Flávia Granja e Barros Platiau

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho o objetivo é analisar a legalidade da intervenção preventiva perante a Carta das Nações Unidas. Pretende-se avaliar a questão sob o aspecto jurídico. Ao fazê-lo, serão apresentados casos que ilustram os argumentos favoráveis e contrários ao uso preventivo da força. Será analisada também a questão da responsabilidade de proteger como possibilidade do uso preventivo da força em situações de violações graves dos direitos humanos.This paper aims to analyze the lawfullness of preventive intervention under the United Nations Charter. The objective is to assess a legal perspective. In doing so, case-studies will be presented to illustrate the arguments in favor of and against the preventive use of force. In addition, the 'responsability to protect' will be analized as a possibility of the preventive use of force in situations of serious violation of human rights.

  13. Salmonellosis and charter tourism: epidemiology and trends of imported human cases to Norway from the Canary Islands and Thailand, 1994-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emberland, K E; Nygård, K; Aavitsland, P

    2012-09-01

    More than 70% of reported human Salmonella infections in Norway are infected abroad. The Canary Islands and Thailand are two of the most popular charter tourist destinations for Norwegians. Using surveillance data for the years 1994-2008, and denominator data on travel to the Canary Islands 2000-2008 and to Thailand 1997-2008, we present the epidemiology and trends of Salmonella infections in Norwegian tourists to these destinations. We found a declining trend in risk of salmonellosis in tourists returning from the Canary Islands, and a change in serovar distribution in travellers to Thailand with more S. Enteritidis infections, similar to that observed in Western European countries. The use of denominator data is important when studying risk of travel-related disease, as surveillance data tend to reflect travel activity more than the risk. Infections among tourists do not always affect the local residents and therefore may not be detected by local public health authorities. Sharing knowledge on the epidemiology of infections in tourists could be useful for observation of changes in trends in the countries visited, and in future outbreak investigations. PMID:22051449

  14. Rating Movies and Rating the Raters Who Rate Them.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hua; Lange, Kenneth

    2009-11-01

    The movie distribution company Netflix has generated considerable buzz in the statistics community by offering a million dollar prize for improvements to its movie rating system. Among the statisticians and computer scientists who have disclosed their techniques, the emphasis has been on machine learning approaches. This article has the modest goal of discussing a simple model for movie rating and other forms of democratic rating. Because the model involves a large number of parameters, it is nontrivial to carry out maximum likelihood estimation. Here we derive a straightforward EM algorithm from the perspective of the more general MM algorithm. The algorithm is capable of finding the global maximum on a likelihood landscape littered with inferior modes. We apply two variants of the model to a dataset from the MovieLens archive and compare their results. Our model identifies quirky raters, redefines the raw rankings, and permits imputation of missing ratings. The model is intended to stimulate discussion and development of better theory rather than to win the prize. It has the added benefit of introducing readers to some of the issues connected with analyzing high-dimensional data.

  15. Interest rate derivatives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svenstrup, Mikkel

    This Ph.D. thesis consists of four self-contained essays on valuation of interest rate derivatives. In particular derivatives related to management of interest rate risk care are considered.......This Ph.D. thesis consists of four self-contained essays on valuation of interest rate derivatives. In particular derivatives related to management of interest rate risk care are considered....

  16. The rating reliability calculator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon David J

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rating scales form an important means of gathering evaluation data. Since important decisions are often based on these evaluations, determining the reliability of rating data can be critical. Most commonly used methods of estimating reliability require a complete set of ratings i.e. every subject being rated must be rated by each judge. Over fifty years ago Ebel described an algorithm for estimating the reliability of ratings based on incomplete data. While his article has been widely cited over the years, software based on the algorithm is not readily available. This paper describes an easy-to-use Web-based utility for estimating the reliability of ratings based on incomplete data using Ebel's algorithm. Methods The program is available public use on our server and the source code is freely available under GNU General Public License. The utility is written in PHP, a common open source imbedded scripting language. The rating data can be entered in a convenient format on the user's personal computer that the program will upload to the server for calculating the reliability and other statistics describing the ratings. Results When the program is run it displays the reliability, number of subject rated, harmonic mean number of judges rating each subject, the mean and standard deviation of the averaged ratings per subject. The program also displays the mean, standard deviation and number of ratings for each subject rated. Additionally the program will estimate the reliability of an average of a number of ratings for each subject via the Spearman-Brown prophecy formula. Conclusion This simple web-based program provides a convenient means of estimating the reliability of rating data without the need to conduct special studies in order to provide complete rating data. I would welcome other researchers revising and enhancing the program.

  17. Fertility Clinic Success Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Autism 2013 Assisted Reproductive Technology Fertility Clinic Success Rates Report Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir 2013 ART Fertility Clinic Success Rates Report [PDF - 1MB] Bookmarks and thumbnails are ...

  18. Rate Review Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — As of September 1, 2011, the Affordable Care Act and rate review regulation require review of rate increases of 10 percent or more. A non-grandfathered health plan...

  19. Bayesian Generalized Rating Curves

    OpenAIRE

    Helgi Sigurðarson 1985

    2014-01-01

    A rating curve is a curve or a model that describes the relationship between water elevation, or stage, and discharge in an observation site in a river. The rating curve is fit from paired observations of stage and discharge. The rating curve then predicts discharge given observations of stage and this methodology is applied as stage is substantially easier to directly observe than discharge. In this thesis a statistical rating curve model is proposed working within the framework of Bayesian...

  20. Interest Rates and Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Coopersmith, Michael; Gambardella, Pascal J.

    2016-01-01

    This article is an extension of the work of one of us (Coopersmith, 2011) in deriving the relationship between certain interest rates and the inflation rate of a two component economic system. We use the well-known Fisher relation between the difference of the nominal interest rate and its inflation adjusted value to eliminate the inflation rate and obtain a delay differential equation. We provide computer simulated solutions for this equation over regimes of interest. This paper could be of ...

  1. Forward Rate Curve Smoothing

    OpenAIRE

    Jarrow, Robert A

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the forward rate curve smoothing literature. The key contribution of this review is to link the static curve fitting exercise to the dynamic and arbitrage-free models of the term structure of interest rates. As such, this review introduces more economics to an almost exclusively mathematical exercise, and it identifies new areas for research related to forward rate curve smoothing.

  2. 福建省旅游包车客运需求分析%Analysis of Passenger Transport Demand for Tour Charter in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈清耀; 陈诚; 柯法滔; 张兰怡; 侯秀英

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at analyzing the passenger transport demand for tour charter in Fujian Province,this study dis-cusses the current development situation of tourism in Fujian Province and explores the unbalanced tourism econ-omy among districts and cities of Fujian Province. According to weight distribution principle based on Shapley value method,by use of combination forecasting model of GM (1,1) and ARIMA (p,d,q), it forecasts the number of tourists for the next 5 years in Fujian Province,which shows that the number of tourists would further increase and even is likely to reach 414388100. In light of the forecasting results,suggestions for tourism capacity and the revision of relevant policies are proposed to achieve better and faster development of tourism in Fujian Province.%以福建省旅游包车客运需求分析为目的,具体分析了目前福建省旅游业的发展现状,发现福建省各设区市旅游经济发展不平衡;基于Shapley值法的权重分配原理,采用GM(1,1)模型和ARIMA(p,d,q)的组合预测模型对福建省未来5年的旅游人数进行预测,结果显示未来福建省旅游人数将进一步增多,至2018年有可能达到41438.81万人次;针对预测结果对福建省未来的旅游运力投放量以及相关政策的修订提出建议,以期实现福建省旅游业更好更快的发展。

  3. Vibrato rate adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dromey, Christopher; Carter, Neisha; Hopkin, Arden

    2003-06-01

    The goal of the present study was to document the acoustic changes that occur as singers attempt to increase or decrease their vibrato rate to match target stimuli. Eight advanced singing students produced vowels with vibrato in three registers, both naturally and while attempting to match faster or slower rate stimuli. Slower rates were associated with lower intensity and less steady vibrato. Faster rates involved increased vibrato extent in the chest register and increased intensity in the head register. Singers whose spontaneous vibrato rates were naturally either slower or faster tended to also be relatively slower or faster when matching target rates. This ability to modify rate may have beneficial effects on the artistic quality of the voice for performance. PMID:12825649

  4. Understanding Interest Rate Volatility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volker, Desi

    This thesis is the result of my Ph.D. studies at the Department of Finance of the Copenhagen Business School. It consists of three essays covering topics related to the term structure of interest rates, monetary policy and interest rate volatility. The rst essay, \\Monetary Policy Uncertainty...... and Interest Rates", examines the role of monetary policy uncertainty on the term structure of interest rates. The second essay, \\A Regime-Switching A ne Term Structure Model with Stochastic Volatility" (co-authored with Sebastian Fux), investigates the ability of the class of regime switching models...... with and without stochastic volatility to capture the main stylized features of U.S. interest rates. The third essay, \\Variance Risk Premia in the Interest Rate Swap Market", investigates the time-series and cross-sectional properties of the compensation demanded for holding interest rate variance risk. The essays...

  5. Analysis of Newspaper Coverage of Active Aging through the Lens of the 2002 World Health Organization Active Ageing Report: A Policy Framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boushra Abdullah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As populations continue to grow older, efforts to support the process of aging well are important goals. Various synonyms are used to cover aging well, such as active aging. The World Health Organization published in 2002 the report Active Ageing: A Policy Framework that according to the call for papers, has brought active ageing to the forefront of international public health awareness. The 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action was singled out in the call for papers as a key document promoting physical activity one goal of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework. Media are to report to the public topics of importance to them. We investigated the newspaper coverage of aging well and synonymous terms such as active aging through the lens of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. As sources we used the following newspapers: China Daily, The Star (Malaysia, two UK newspapers (The Guardian, The Times, a database of 300 Canadian newspapers (Canadian Newsstand and a US newspaper (The New York Times. The study generated data answering the following four research questions: (1 how often are the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity mentioned; (2 how often is the topic of active aging and terms conveying similar content (aging well, healthy aging, natural aging and successful aging discussed; (3 which of the issues flagged as important in the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity are covered in the newspaper coverage of active aging and synonymous terms; (4 which social groups were mentioned in the newspapers covered. The study found a total absence of mentioning of the two key documents and a low level of coverage of “active aging” and terms conveying similar content. It found further a lack of engagement with the issues raised in the two key documents and a

  6. Analysis of newspaper coverage of active aging through the lens of the 2002 World Health Organization Active Ageing Report: A Policy Framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Boushra; Wolbring, Gregor

    2013-12-01

    As populations continue to grow older, efforts to support the process of aging well are important goals. Various synonyms are used to cover aging well, such as active aging. The World Health Organization published in 2002 the report Active Ageing: A Policy Framework that according to the call for papers, has brought active ageing to the forefront of international public health awareness. The 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action was singled out in the call for papers as a key document promoting physical activity one goal of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework. Media are to report to the public topics of importance to them. We investigated the newspaper coverage of aging well and synonymous terms such as active aging through the lens of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. As sources we used the following newspapers: China Daily, The Star (Malaysia), two UK newspapers (The Guardian, The Times), a database of 300 Canadian newspapers (Canadian Newsstand) and a US newspaper (The New York Times). The study generated data answering the following four research questions: (1) how often are the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity mentioned; (2) how often is the topic of active aging and terms conveying similar content (aging well, healthy aging, natural aging and successful aging) discussed; (3) which of the issues flagged as important in the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity are covered in the newspaper coverage of active aging and synonymous terms; (4) which social groups were mentioned in the newspapers covered. The study found a total absence of mentioning of the two key documents and a low level of coverage of "active aging" and terms conveying similar content. It found further a lack of engagement with the issues raised in the two key documents and a low level of

  7. Analysis of newspaper coverage of active aging through the lens of the 2002 World Health Organization Active Ageing Report: A Policy Framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Boushra; Wolbring, Gregor

    2013-12-01

    As populations continue to grow older, efforts to support the process of aging well are important goals. Various synonyms are used to cover aging well, such as active aging. The World Health Organization published in 2002 the report Active Ageing: A Policy Framework that according to the call for papers, has brought active ageing to the forefront of international public health awareness. The 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call for Action was singled out in the call for papers as a key document promoting physical activity one goal of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework. Media are to report to the public topics of importance to them. We investigated the newspaper coverage of aging well and synonymous terms such as active aging through the lens of the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity. As sources we used the following newspapers: China Daily, The Star (Malaysia), two UK newspapers (The Guardian, The Times), a database of 300 Canadian newspapers (Canadian Newsstand) and a US newspaper (The New York Times). The study generated data answering the following four research questions: (1) how often are the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity mentioned; (2) how often is the topic of active aging and terms conveying similar content (aging well, healthy aging, natural aging and successful aging) discussed; (3) which of the issues flagged as important in the 2002 WHO active aging policy framework and the 2010 Toronto Charter for Physical Activity are covered in the newspaper coverage of active aging and synonymous terms; (4) which social groups were mentioned in the newspapers covered. The study found a total absence of mentioning of the two key documents and a low level of coverage of "active aging" and terms conveying similar content. It found further a lack of engagement with the issues raised in the two key documents and a low level of

  8. Report made on the behalf of the Commission of economic affairs on the bill project related to the application of the precautionary principle defined in the Charter for the Environment to risks resulting from electromagnetic waves - Nr 654

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After an introduction commenting the determination of a threshold for low-intensity electromagnetic waves with athermal effects, this document reports the discussion of the Commission which commented the application of the precautionary principle as it is defined in the Charter for the Environment. Then the bill project articles are discussed. They notably concern the introduction of new chapters or articles in the French environment code and urban planning code, the prohibition of some advertising, and measures related to mobile phones. A table compares the existing measures, the bill project text and the text adopted by the commission. Amendments studied by the commission are indicated

  9. Scaling metabolic rate fluctuations

    OpenAIRE

    Labra, Fabio A.; Marquet, Pablo A.; Bozinovic, Francisco

    2007-01-01

    Complex ecological and economic systems show fluctuations in macroscopic quantities such as exchange rates, size of companies or populations that follow non-Gaussian tent-shaped probability distributions of growth rates with power-law decay, which suggests that fluctuations in complex systems may be governed by universal mechanisms, independent of particular details and idiosyncrasies. We propose here that metabolic rate within individual organisms may be considered as an example of an emerge...

  10. Supernova electron capture rates

    CERN Document Server

    Martínez-Pinedo, G

    1999-01-01

    We have calculated the Gamow-Teller strength distributions for the ground states and low lying states of several nuclei that play an important role in the precollapse evolution of supernova. The calculations reproduce the experimental GT distributions nicely. The GT distribution are used to calculate electron capture rates for typical presupernova conditions. The computed rates are noticeably smaller than the presently adopted rates. The possible implications for the supernova evolution are discussed.

  11. Rating mutual funds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Ken L.; Rangvid, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    We develop a new rating of mutual funds: the atpRating. The atpRating assigns crowns to each individual mutual fund based upon the costs an investor pays when investing in the fund in relation to what it would cost to invest in the fund's peers. Within each investment category, the rating assigns...... five crowns to funds with the lowest costs and one crown to funds with the highest costs. We investigate the ability of the atpRating to predict the future performance of a fund. We find that an investor who has invested in the funds with the lowest costs within an investment category would have...... obtained a risk-adjusted excess return that is approximately 3-4 percentage points higher per annum than if the funds with the highest costs had been invested in. We compare the atpRating with the Morningstar Rating. We show that one reason why the atpRating and the Morningstar Rating contain different...

  12. Rating mutual funds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Ken L.; Rangvid, Jesper

    We develop a new rating of mutual funds: the atpRating. The atpRating assigns crowns to each individual mutual fund based upon the costs an investor pays when investing in the fund in relation to what it would cost to invest in the fund's peers. Within each investment category, the rating assigns...... five crowns to funds with the lowest costs and one crown to funds with the highest costs. We investigate the ability of the atpRating to predict the future performance of a fund. We find that an investor who has invested in the funds with the lowest costs within an investment category would have...... obtained an annual risk-adjusted excess return that is approximately 3-4 percentage points higher per annum than if the funds with the highest costs had been invested in. We compare the atpRating with the Morningstar Rating. We show that one reason why the atpRating and the Morningstar Rating contain...

  13. Long Maturity Forward Rates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Charlotte

    2001-01-01

    to be statistically significant. Secondly, the expectations hypothesis is analyzed for the long maturity region of the forward rate curve using "forward rate" regressions. The expectations hypothesis is numerically close to being accepted but is statistically rejected. The findings provide mixed support......The paper aims to improve the knowledge of the empirical properties of the long maturity region of the forward rate curve. Firstly, the theoretical negative correlation between the slope at the long end of the forward rate curve and the term structure variance is recovered empirically and found...

  14. Seeking Universal Credit Ratings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Amid the EU’s ongoing sovereign debt crisis,the current international credit rating system has been accused of aggravating the world’s economic woes.Recently,Guan Jianzhong,Chairman of the Board and President of the Beijing-based Dagong Global Credit Rating Co.Ltd.,spoke to Beijing Review reporter Yu Yan about reforms in the current international credit rating system and Dagong’s role.Dagong is the first non-Western rating agency to assess the world’s sovereign credit and risks.

  15. Rate of force development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maffiuletti, Nicola A; Aagaard, Per; Blazevich, Anthony J;

    2016-01-01

    The evaluation of rate of force development during rapid contractions has recently become quite popular for characterising explosive strength of athletes, elderly individuals and patients. The main aims of this narrative review are to describe the neuromuscular determinants of rate of force...

  16. Interest rates mapping

    CERN Document Server

    Kanevski, M; Pozdnoukhov, A; Timonin, V

    2007-01-01

    The present study deals with the analysis and mapping of Swiss franc interest rates. Interest rates depend on time and maturity, defining term structure of the interest rate curves (IRC). In the present study IRC are considered in a two-dimensional feature space - time and maturity. Geostatistical models and machine learning algorithms (multilayer perceptron and Support Vector Machines) were applied to produce interest rate maps. IR maps can be used for the visualisation and patterns perception purposes, to develop and to explore economical hypotheses, to produce dynamic asses-liability simulations and for the financial risk assessments. The feasibility of an application of interest rates mapping approach for the IRC forecasting is considered as well.

  17. Comments on Two Methods of Trial for Cases on Amending Corporate Charter%公司章程修改案两种裁判思路评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李激汉

    2015-01-01

    目前法院处理公司章程修改案中出现两种完全不同的裁判思路:一种是主张尊重修改章程法定程序的效力,仅对程序的结果即股东会决议内容进行合法性审查;另一种则主张直接从程序入手,要求特定事项的章程修改必须经全体股东同意才有效。哪一种主张更合理,存在争议。通过梳理裁判思路背后的学理基础,发觉前一思路自由裁量依据不足,而后一裁判思路直接与公司法上的程序规则相冲突,具有合理性而又不具合法性。因此,需要从立法上根本解决公司章程修改案的司法裁判难题。具体而言,立法可以考虑借鉴西方发达国家超级多数决和类别表决制度来完善现行《公司法》上的多数决规则,从而增强其对中小股东的保护能力。%Two completely different methods are adopted by courts to rule the case on amending corporate charter:one is to respect the procedural effects for amending by undertaking legitimate examination of the procedure’s results which is the decisions made by shareholders meeting;the other is to directly examine the procedure which requires that amendments for specific matters should be agreed by all shareholders for being effective. Controversies arise on which method is more reasonable?On review of theoretical basis for both methods,this paper holds that the former one lacks grounds for discretion while the latter one directly conflicts with the procedural rules of the Corporate Act which is reasonable but not legitimate. Therefore,in order to solve this judicial predicament,the legislative method should be adopted by taking reference of the super-majority rules and class vote from Western jurisdictions so as to perfect the majority rules in the Corporate Act and to enhance the capacity to protect minority shareholders.

  18. Debenture Interest Rates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Interest rates to be paid on debentures issued with respect to a loan or mortgage insured by the Federal Housing Commissioner under the provisions of the National...

  19. Rate of Speed

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Rate of spread was modeled using FlamMap, an interagency fire behavior mapping and analysis program that computes potential fire behavior characteristics. The tool...

  20. Exciton laser rate equations

    OpenAIRE

    Garkavenko A. S.

    2011-01-01

    The rate equations of the exciton laser in the system of interacting excitons have been obtained and the inverted population conditions and generation have been derived. The possibility of creating radically new gamma-ray laser has been shown.

  1. The ratings game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braben, Donald W.

    2009-04-01

    How sad to read a supposedly serious debate among distinguished physicists (February p19) about which combinations of the latest Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) ratings represent a university physics department's true strengths.

  2. National ART Success Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ART and Birth Defects ART and Autism 2013 Assisted Reproductive Technology National Summary Report Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... live-birth rate? [PDF - 1.37MB] Section 2: ART Cycles using fresh nondonor eggs or embryos What ...

  3. Interest rates and inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Coopersmith

    1981-01-01

    A relation between interest rates and inflation is presented using a two component economic model and a simple general principle. Preliminary results indicate a remarkable similarity to classical economic theories, in particular that of Wicksell.

  4. High population increase rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    In addition to its economic and ethnic difficulties, the USSR faces several pressing demographic problems, including high population increase rates in several of its constituent republics. It has now become clear that although the country's rigid centralized planning succeeded in covering the basic needs of people, it did not lead to welfare growth. Since the 1970s, the Soviet economy has remained sluggish, which as led to increase in the death and birth rates. Furthermore, the ideology that held that demography could be entirely controlled by the country's political and economic system is contradicted by current Soviet reality, which shows that religion and ethnicity also play a significant role in demographic dynamics. Currently, Soviet republics fall under 2 categories--areas with high or low natural population increase rates. Republics with low rates consist of Christian populations (Armenia, Moldavia, Georgia, Byelorussia, Russia, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine), while republics with high rates are Muslim (Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kirgizia, Azerbaijan Kazakhstan). The later group has natural increase rates as high as 3.3%. Although the USSR as a whole is not considered a developing country, the later group of republics fit the description of the UNFPA's priority list. Another serious demographic issue facing the USSR is its extremely high rate of abortion. This is especially true in the republics of low birth rates, where up to 60% of all pregnancies are terminated by induced abortions. Up to 1/5 of the USSR's annual health care budget is spent on clinical abortions -- money which could be better spent on the production of contraceptives. Along with the recent political and economic changes, the USSR is now eager to deal with its demographic problems. PMID:12284289

  5. On thermonuclear reaction rates

    OpenAIRE

    Hans J. Haubold; Mathai, Arak Mathai

    1996-01-01

    Nuclear reactions govern major aspects of the chemical evolution of galaxies and stars. Analytic study of the reaction rates and reaction probability integrals is attempted here. Exact expressions for the reaction rates and reaction probability integrals for nuclear reactions in the cases of nonresonant, modified nonresonant, screened nonresonant and resonant cases are given. These are expressed in terms of H-functions, G-functions and in computable series forms. Computational aspects are als...

  6. BIOMASS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - LIFE STAGE and species abundance tows data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-29 to 2002-08-17 (NODC Accession 0113950)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0113950 includes tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises FR0206-01, FR0206-02, FR0208, SE0005 and SE0007...

  7. ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, Displacement Volume, TAXONOMIC CODE, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION - SEX and species abundance tows data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0401-01 and GP0401-02 as part of the NEP project from 2004-10-19 to 2004-11-08 (NODC Accession 0115259)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115259 includes tows and biological data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0401-01 and GP0401-02 in the Gulf of Alaska and...

  8. Documentation only - no data type tows data collected in the Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean on the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and GP0207-02 as part of the NEP project from 2001-07-29 to 2002-08-06 (NODC Accession 0115275)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115275 includes tows data collected aboard the CHARTER/FISHING BOATS during cruises GP0108, GP0207-01 and GP0207-02 in the Gulf of Alaska and North...

  9. Minority Languages of the Russian Federation: Perspectives for a Ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages. Mercator Working Papers = Las lenguas minoritarias de la Federacion Rusa Perspectivas para una ratificacion de la Carta Europea de las Lenguas Regionales y Minoritarias. Mercator Documentos de trabajo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieytez, Eduardo J. Ruiz

    This paper describes the linguistic plurality of the Russian Federation, assessing the impact that the hypothetical ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages could have on it. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Part 1--The Linguistic Plurality of the Russian Federation": the linguistic…

  10. Modelling heart rate kinetics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria S Zakynthinaki

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to formulate a simple and at the same time effective mathematical model of heart rate kinetics in response to movement (exercise. Based on an existing model, a system of two coupled differential equations which give the rate of change of heart rate and the rate of change of exercise intensity is used. The modifications introduced to the existing model are justified and discussed in detail, while models of blood lactate accumulation in respect to time and exercise intensity are also presented. The main modification is that the proposed model has now only one parameter which reflects the overall cardiovascular condition of the individual. The time elapsed after the beginning of the exercise, the intensity of the exercise, as well as blood lactate are also taken into account. Application of the model provides information regarding the individual's cardiovascular condition and is able to detect possible changes in it, across the data recording periods. To demonstrate examples of successful numerical fit of the model, constant intensity experimental heart rate data sets of two individuals have been selected and numerical optimization was implemented. In addition, numerical simulations provided predictions for various exercise intensities and various cardiovascular condition levels. The proposed model can serve as a powerful tool for a complete means of heart rate analysis, not only in exercise physiology (for efficiently designing training sessions for healthy subjects but also in the areas of cardiovascular health and rehabilitation (including application in population groups for which direct heart rate recordings at intense exercises are not possible or not allowed, such as elderly or pregnant women.

  11. Interest rates factor model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sangwook; Kim, Min Jae; Kim, Soo Yong

    2011-07-01

    Interdependence of the interest rates of the US, the UK, and Japan is analyzed in this work by means of spectral analysis and network methods. A predominant effective factor in the interest rate market is which country floats a bond issue, and a minor effective factor is time to maturity of bonds. Power-law cross-correlation among different countries is analyzed by the detrended cross-correlation analysis method. Long-range cross-correlation is found between the first factors of interest rate, while there is no cross-correlation between some of the second factors. The tail dependency is indicated by tail indices from Archimedean copulas, including an empirical copula. In contrast to other pairs, the US-UK first factor pair has tail dependencies in both the upper-tail and lower-tail. Dynamic properties of interest rate are modeled by a stochastic volatility model. The properties of mean reverting and volatility clustering are observed and reflected in this model. The proposed simulation method combines the dependence structures and the factor dynamics model; it simultaneously describes the interest rates of different countries.

  12. Time rate collision matrix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The collision integral terms in Boltzmann equation are reformulated numerically leading to the substitution of the multiple integrals with a multiplicative matrix of the two colliding species velocity distribution functions which varies with the differential collision cross section. A matrix of lower rank may be constructed when one of the distribution functions is specified, in which case the matrix elements represent kinetic transition probabilities in the velocity space and the multiplication of the time rate collision matrix with the unknown velocity distribution function expresses the time rate of change of the distribution. The collision matrix may be used to describe the time evolution of systems in nonequilibrium conditions, to evaluate the rate of momentum and energy transfer between given species, or to generate validity criteria for linearized kinetic equations

  13. Sampling Rate Conversion

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Vitasek

    2010-01-01

    The topic of this article is conversion of the signal with given sampling frequency to signal with another sampling rate. The task is to change the sampling rate from fvz3=500Hz to fvz4=360Hz. There are two methods; in the text are called Method A and Method B. The Method B has two approximations, first and second order. The basic idea of Method A is to find the least common multiple. It has to use integrator (low-pass filter, cut frequency is half of original signal) and decimator (low-pass ...

  14. Weather Balloon Ascent Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denny, Mark

    2016-05-01

    The physics of a weather balloon is analyzed. The surprising aspect of the motion of these balloons is that they ascend to great altitudes (typically 35 km) at a more or less constant rate. Such behavior is not surprising near the ground—say for a helium-filled party balloon rising from street level to the top of the Empire State building—but it is unexpected for a balloon that rises to altitudes where the air is rarefied. We show from elementary physical laws why the ascent rate is approximately constant.

  15. Gas system failure rate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Hoeven, T; Steerneman, AGM

    2005-01-01

    Gasunie buys and sells gas. This paper is about calculating the failure rate of the gas transport system of Gasunie in the Netherlands. The pipes in the network are connected at certain stations which may operate at degraded levels due to technical problems. The transport system, modelled as an opti

  16. Ventilation rates and health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundell, Jan; Levin, H; Nazaroff, W W;

    2011-01-01

    studies of the relationship between ventilation rates and health, especially in diverse climates, in locations with polluted outdoor air and in buildings other than offices. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Ventilation with outdoor air plays an important role influencing human exposures to indoor pollutants...

  17. Variable rate irrigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Systems are available to producers to make variable-rate applications of defoliants, fertilizer, lime, pesticides, plant growth regulators, and seed. These systems could potentially offer cost savings to a producer; however, the full potential of the benefits and savings cannot be realized if water ...

  18. Urban Unemployment Rate Declines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Nine million new jobs are to be created in 2005,according to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security. For the first time in five years, the jobless rate dropped in 2005, and the labor market is seeing a slight rebound.

  19. Exciton laser rate equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garkavenko A. S.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The rate equations of the exciton laser in the system of interacting excitons have been obtained and the inverted population conditions and generation have been derived. The possibility of creating radically new gamma-ray laser has been shown.

  20. Circular letter from January 22, 2004 to the presidents of companies having the status of chartered storage facility; Lettre circulaire du 22 janvier 2004 a Messieurs les presidents de societes titulaires du statut d'entrepositaire agree

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This circular letter is intended for owners of storage facilities for petroleum products benefiting from the obligation of strategic storage according to the article 2 of law no 92-1443 from December 31, 1992. The attached document recalls the reasons and content of this obligation, the prevailing strategic storage rules in France (reference texts, products in concern, operators, stockpiles localization, product substitution possibilities..), the monthly declarations, the controls and sanctions, the annual plan of stocks localization, the obligation of information, the loss of chartered status or the renouncement. A schematic synthesis of the system of stockpiles constitution is presented in appendix, for France and for the French overseas departements. The other appendixes concern: the list of petroleum products concerned by the legal obligation of strategic storage, the relations between the professional committee of strategic stockpiles (CPSSP) and the anonymous society of security stocks management (SAGESS), and some examples of monthly and annual declaration forms. (J.S.)

  1. Exchange Rate Economics

    OpenAIRE

    John Williamson

    2008-01-01

    The paper summarizes the current theory of how a floating exchange rate is determined, dividing the subject into what determines the steady state and what determines the transition to steady state. The inadequacies of this model are examined, and an alternative “behavioral” model, which recognizes that the foreign exchange market is populated by both fundamentalists and chartists is presented. It is argued that the main importance of understanding the foreign exchange market for development s...

  2. Measuring readmission rates.

    OpenAIRE

    Chambers, M.; Clarke, A.

    1990-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To assess the feasibility of extracting data on readmissions and readmission rates from Körner data for use as health service indicators. DESIGN--Retrospective analysis of inpatient Körner data for January 1988 to April 1989. SETTING--Three districts in North East Thames region. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Number of readmissions after index discharge for all acute specialties combined and by specialty (general medicine, general surgery, gynaecology, trauma and orthopaedics, and geriatri...

  3. Interest Rate Risk Management

    OpenAIRE

    Gottvald, Jan

    2013-01-01

    The topic of this Thesis deals with interest rate risk measurement and management in a bank. After the introduction, risks are defined separately in competence of ALM and risk management department, followed by objectives of ALM unit including historical development. Described methods of measuring and managing risk are partly basis for a case study in which the repricing gap model and consequently band BPV have been used. The main aim of the study is to compare the open interest position with...

  4. Airline Quality Rating 1991

    OpenAIRE

    Bowen, Brent D.; Headley, Dean E.; Luedtke, Jacqueline R.

    1991-01-01

    In today's competitive airline industry, it's crucial that an airline do all it can to attract and retain customers. One of the best ways to do this is by offering a quality service to consumers. Perceptions of service quality vary from person to person, but an enduring element of service quality is the consistent achievement of customer satisfaction. The satisfying of customer service needs keeps them loyal and helps establish a base for new customers. An Airline Quality Rating scale is p...

  5. Lapse Rate Modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Giovanni, Domenico

    The surrender option embedded in many life insurance products is a clause that allows policyholders to terminate the contract early. Pricing techniques based on the American Contingent Claim (ACC) theory are often used, though the actual policyholders' behavior is far from optimal. Inspired by many...... prepayment models for mortgage backed securities, this paper builds a Rational Expectation (RE) model describing the policyholders' behavior in lapsing the contract. A market model with stochastic interest rates is considered, and the pricing is carried out through numerical approximation...

  6. Lapse rate modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Giovanni, Domenico

    2010-01-01

    The surrender option embedded in many life insurance products is a clause that allows policyholders to terminate the contract early. Pricing techniques based on the American Contingent Claim (ACC) theory are often used, though the actual policyholders' behavior is far from optimal. Inspired by many...... prepayment models for mortgage backed securities, this paper builds a Rational Expectation (RE) model describing the policyholders' behavior in lapsing the contract. A market model with stochastic interest rates is considered, and the pricing is carried out through numerical approximation...

  7. Exchange Rate in Focus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China announced the reform of its decade-old RMB exchange rate regime last July, linking the RMB to a basket of currencies rather than the U.S. dollar alone, and allowing the RMB to appreciate 2 percent against the U.S. currency. Since then, different viewpoints on the new regime have been voiced. The People's Bank of China, the central bank, said in a statement in late March that it would further improve the system, broadening the foreign exchange market, increasing the flexibility of the RMB exchange r...

  8. Emission rate measuring device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luckat, S.

    1980-09-01

    The development and application of an emission rate measuring device for gaseous components is explored. The device contains absorption fluid from a supply container that moistens a cylindrical paper sleeve. A newer model is provided with a direct current motor requiring less electricity than an older model. The hose pump is modified to avoid changing it and the filter sleeve is fastened more securely to the distributor head. Application of the measuring devices is discussed, particularly at the Cologne Cathedral, where damage to the stone is observed.

  9. Sampling Rate Conversion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Vitasek

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this article is conversion of the signal with given sampling frequency to signal with another sampling rate. The task is to change the sampling rate from fvz3=500Hz to fvz4=360Hz. There are two methods; in the text are called Method A and Method B. The Method B has two approximations, first and second order. The basic idea of Method A is to find the least common multiple. It has to use integrator (low-pass filter, cut frequency is half of original signal and decimator (low-pass filter, cut frequency is half of final signal. At first the zero samples are pasted, these are filtered by low-pass filter and then the computed samples are selected. The method B is not so exacting for computation, because the integrate factor is smaller, than in the method A. Of course, there are used integrate filters (low-pass filter. The first order approximation selects the nearer sample of both border samples. The second order approximation interpolates samples by line. Selected sample is therefore more accurate.

  10. Credit rating dynamics and competition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirth, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    I analyze the market for credit ratings with competition between more than two rating agencies. How can honest rating behavior be achieved, and under which conditions can a new honest rating agency successfully invade a market with inflating incumbents? My model predicts cyclic dynamics...

  11. 78 FR 39434 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  12. 75 FR 17453 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  13. 75 FR 81326 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  14. 76 FR 18821 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  15. 76 FR 77581 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  16. 78 FR 18664 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  17. 78 FR 62932 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  18. 76 FR 38717 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  19. 77 FR 76586 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...

  20. 77 FR 39560 - Interest Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Interest Rates The Small Business Administration publishes an interest rate called the optional ``peg'' rate (13 CFR 120.214) on a quarterly basis. This rate is a weighted average cost of money to...