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Sample records for central jawa indonesia

  1. ANALISIS KONTRASTIS BAHASA JAWA DENGAN BAHASA INDONESIA

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    Riris Tiani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dari pemaparan dalam bagian pembahasan di atas, dapat disimpulkan bahwa bahasa Jawa dan bahasa Indonesia dapat diketahui struktur fonologi, morfologi, dan sintaksis. Dari pemaparan itu pula, dapat diketahuai adanya perbedaan yang mencolok dalam struktur fonologi, morfologi, dan sintaksis. Dalam ranah fonologi terdapat perbedaan tentang keberadaan fonem segmental dan fonem suprasegmental dalam bahasa Jawa, jumlah bunyi vokal bahasa Jawa lebih banyak.

  2. EL NINO, LA NINA, DAN PENAWARAN PANGAN DI JAWA, INDONESIA

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    Arini Wahyu Utami

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Paddy and maize are two important food crops in Indonesia and mainly produced in Java Island. This research aimed to know the impact of El Nino and La Nina on paddy and maize farmer’s supply in Java. Cross sectional data from four provinces in Java was combined with time series data during 1987-2006. Paddy supply was estimated using log model, while maize supply used autoregressive model; each was estimated using two types of regression function. First, it included dummy variable of El Nino and La Nina to know their influence into paddy and maize supply. Second, Southern Oscillation Index was used to analyze the supply changing when El Nino or La Nina occur. The result showed that El Nino and La Nina did not influence paddy supply, while La Nina influenced maize supply in Java. Maize supply increased when La Nina occurred.

  3. INTERFERENSI BAHASA JAWA KE DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA PADA KETERAMPILAN BERBICARA SISWA NEGERI 1 PLERET, BANTUL

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    Rahmat Hidayat

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis interferensi fonologi, morfologi, leksikal, sintaksis, dan faktor penyebab interferensi bahasa Jawa ke dalam bahasa Indonesia pada keterampilan berbicara sis-wa SMA Negeri 1 Pleret. Subjek penelitian adalah seluruh siswa kelas XI SMA Negeri 1 Pleret. Objek penelitian adalah interferensi bahasa Jawa ke dalam bahasa Indonesia pada keterampilan berbicara. Human instrument, yaitu peneliti sebagai instrumen utama. Data diperoleh dengan teknik SBLC, rekam, dan catat. Selain itu, wawancara dilakukan untuk mendapatkan informasi faktor penyebab inter-ferensi. Keabsahan data diperoleh dengan tiangulasi dan expert judgement. Analisis dilakukan dengan intralingual error analysis. Teknik metode padan intralingual yang digunakan adalah teknik HBB. Hasil penelitian yaitu, pertama, interferensi fonologi terjadi karena terdapat prenasalisasi berupa suara hidung yang mendahului fonem /b/, /d/, /j/, dan /g/. Kedua, interferensi morfologi terjadi karena terda-pat afiksasi yang dipengaruhi sistem afiksasi bahasa Jawa, yaitu (a prefiks n-, ke-, ny-, ng-, m-, (b sufiks -e, (c konfiks ke – an yang mengacu ke - en, dan (d penggunaan akhiran –nya yang merujuk pada panambang –e. Ketiga, interferensi leksikal terjadi karena terdapat penggunaan leksikal pada dan tak yang merupakan leksikal bahasa Jawa. Penggunaan leksikal tersebut menyebabkan kesalahan keba-hasaan serta semantis. Keempat, interferensi sintaksis terjadi karena (a penggunaan pola frasa “adverbia pada + verba” dan “adjektiva + sendiri”, (b penggunaan pola klausa “pronomina posesif (tak + verba”. Kelima, faktor linguistik penyebab interferensi, yaitu kontak bahasa, transfer negatif bahasa, dan sistem bahasa yang berdekatan. Faktor nonlinguistik penyebab interferensi, yaitu kebiasa-an, dominasi penguasaan bahasa Jawa, dan sikap berbahasa. Kata Kunci: interferensi, analisis kesalahan, keterampilan berbicara   THE INTERFERENCE OF JAVANESSE LANGUAGE IN

  4. Subsoil C dynamics in tropical soils under different crop management on Jawa, Indonesia

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    Prastowo, Erwin; Grootes, Pieter; Nadeau, Marie

    2016-04-01

    Organic carbon (OC) in the subsoil is a key in anthropogenic CO2 discussions considering its relation to the potential of carbon stabilization and sequestration in soils. In the frame of the DFG Research Unit FOR995, "Biogeochemistry of paddy soil evolution" we studied subsoil organic carbon dynamics down to ca. 1 m depth, using the natural 13C and 14C signal together with total organic carbon (TOC) measurements, in three different tropical soil types with paired paddy and non-paddy sites on Jawa, Indonesia. Soil types consisted of Andosols, Alisols, and Vertisols. The sites have different climatic conditions, soil processes, and hydrology. Organic (roots, seeds, leaves) and mineral remains (concretions) were collected on a 0.37 mm sieve by wet-sieving. Acid-alkali-acid treatments were employed to separate alkali-soluble humic acids, and insoluble humin fractions. Generally, OC distribution patterns highly correspond with abundant plant remains. OC values range from 0.30 to 3.69% in the Andosol, 0.50 to 2.24% in the Alisol, and 0.20 to 0.90% in the Vertisol. Typically, OC values decrease along the depth with a concentration gap at ca. 0.15 to 0.30 m and at ca. 0.75 to 1 m. The extent of this gap is following the order Andosol>Alisol>Vertisol, implying less transported/accumulated OC in the upper layer (0.15 to 0.30 m) of Andosol than in the other two. C/N ratio has been always higher at the upper layer than at lower layers of subsoil, which indicates more stable OC at the deeper profile. In addition, the irregularity of OC distribution is high in Andosol, as expressed by coefficient of variation (CV) of ca. 80%. Conversely, CV values in Alisol and Vertisol are lower at ca. 39 and 40%. OC values were higher under non-paddy management than paddy management except for upper ca. 0.25 m of Andosol. The organic carbon concentration in the subsoil relates to existing plant remains (seeds, roots, leaves) in particular layers. The extent of their dynamics much depends on

  5. Standar Normatif Analisis Sefalograf Postero-Anterior Sub Ras Jawa Indonesia

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    Cendrawasih Andusyana Farmasyanti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang. Pasien dengan kelainan asimetri wajah termasuk diantarnya adalah pasien dengan celah bibir dan lelangit memerlukan analisis cefalometri postero-anterior. Tujuan Penelitian. Penelitian pendahuluan ini dilakukan untuk memperoleh standar normal analisis dimensi transversal wajah pada sefalograf postero-anterior orang Jawa serta mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan intra dan inter gender. Cara Penelitian. Sampel terdiri dari 30 orang terdiri dari 24 perempuan dan 6 laki-laki yang beretnis Jawa. Subyek adalah individu dengan estesis dan oklusi wajah yang baik, usia 18-30. Hubungan molar klas I dalam variasinya. Setiap subyek di ambil sefalograf postero anterior untuk diukur lebar dimensi transversal landmark dari Broadbent. Penelitian telah mendapatkan ethical approval. Hasil Penelitian. Setelah dilakukan pengujian statistic Wilcoxon, hanya Bi-Zygomatic(Bi-Zyg yang berbeda bermakna (p<0,05, kanan 66,33 dan kiri 65,28 pada wanita dan Bi-Maxillary(Bi-Mx kiri 36,31, kanan 34,27 pada laki-laki. Lebar rata-rata pada satu sisi wajah, berturut-turut laki-laki dan perempuan dalam mm adalah Bi-Latero orbitale (Bi-Lo: 45,99 dan 49,51; Bi-Maxillary (Bi-Mx: 33,04 dan 35,29; Bi-Lateronasal (Bi-Ln: 16,6 dan 18,07; Bi-Condylar (Bi-Cond: 50,66 dan 56,08; dan Bi-Gonial (Bi-Go: 44,27 dan 47,59. Uji beda antar gender, Mann Whitney U, dijumpai laki-laki lebih besar bermakna daripada perempuan kecuali lebar Bi-Zyg (p<0,05. Kesimpulan. Lebar Bi-Zyg perempuan dan Bi-M laki-laki pada sisi kiri lebih besar bermakna (p<0,05 daripada sisi kanan. Lebar semua variabel kecuali Bi-Zyg lebih besar bermakna dibandingkan perempuan (p<0,05.   Background. Patient with skeletal disorders such as cleft lip and palate patients need a normal standard anteroposterior cephalometric analysis. Aim. The preliminary research was conducted to obtain a normal standard dimensional analysis of Javanese postero-anterior transverse facial cephalography and determined whether there

  6. PENERAPAN BALANCE SCORECARD SEBAGAI TOLAK UKUR KINERJA PADA KPRI DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Sukardi Ikhsan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menerapkan penilaian kinerja berdasarkan balanced scorecard pada badan usaha Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia di Jawa Tengah, mengidentifikasi kinerja secara keseluruhan badan usaha Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia di Jawa Tengah berdasarkan perspektif balanced scorecard. Responden yang yang digunakan adalah pengurus dan pengawas pada 74 KPRI di 30 Kabupaten di Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian ini adalah perbaikan terhadap kegiatan manajemen difokuskan pada indikator-indikator baik dalam indikator hasil akhir maupun indikator proses (leading yang memiliki gap-gap besar antara kinerja aktual dengan standar yang telah ditetapkan. Analisis BSC memberikan sebuah perspektif yang lebih luas bagi KPRI berhubungan dengan posisi persaingannya maupun kebijakan-kebijakan serta keputusan-keputusan  strategis yang akan diambil. AbstractThe objective of study is for applying the performance assesment, based on balanced scorecard in Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia, Central Java and for identifying the whole performance of Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia in Central Java, based on the perspective of balanced scorecard. The respondents are the staff and the supervisor in 74 KPRI in 30 Kabupatens, Central Java. The findings shows that the reparation on management activities focuses on both leading indicator and product indicator. They have great gaps between actual performance and given standard. The BSC analysis gives a wider perspective, relates to the competition position, the policies and strategic decisions  for KPRI.Keywords: balanced scorecard; KPRI; performance assesment

  7. Persepsi dan Pemanfaatan Siaran Instruksional Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia (TPI Dalam Proses Pembelajaran di SLTP se-Jawa Timur

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    Suwarno Suwarno

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at identifying the students' as well as the teachers' perception of the instructional aspects of TPI in view of the teaching learning process at the SMP in East Jawa. Other variables under investigation were the utilization of the instructional aspect of this broadcast and the contraint encountered. It is shown from the result of data analysis that the broadcasting of TPI enhance the student' motivation through the time for watching it should be reviewed.

  8. An inconspicuous, conspicuous new species of Asian pipesnake, genus Cylindrophis (Reptilia: Squamata: Cylindrophiidae), from the south coast of Jawa Tengah, Java, Indonesia, and an overview of the tangled taxonomic history of C. ruffus (Laurenti, 1768).

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    Kieckbusch, Max; Mecke, Sven; Hartmann, Lukas; Ehrmantraut, Lisa; O'shea, Mark; Kaiser, Hinrich

    2016-03-20

    We describe a new species of Cylindrophis currently known only from Grabag, Purworejo Regency, Jawa Tengah Pro-vince (Central Java), Java, Indonesia. Cylindrophis subocularis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all congeners by the presence of a single, eponymous subocular scale between the 3rd and 4th or 4th and 5th supralabial, preventing contact between the 4th or 5th supralabial and the orbit, and by having the prefrontal in narrow contact with or separated from the orbit. We preface our description with a detailed account of the tangled taxonomic history of the similar and putatively wide-ranging species C. ruffus, which leads us to (1) remove the name Scytale scheuchzeri from the synonymy of C. ruffus, (2) list the taxon C. rufa var. javanica as species inquirenda, and (3) synonymize C. mirzae with C. ruffus. We provide additional evidence to confirm that the type locality of C. ruffus is Java. Cylindrophis subocularis sp. nov. is the second species of Asian pipesnake from Java.

  9. PENGEMBANGAN DAN APLIKASI GEOINFORMATIKA BAYESIAN PADA DATA KEMISKINAN DI INDONESIA (STUDI KASUS JAWA TIMUR

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    Asep Saefuddin

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Since a long time ago, poverty has been a problem that can not be solved. Indonesia’s Central Beureu of Statistics (CBS survey on March 2011 show that there are 30.02 million people or 12.49% of total Indonesian are considered poor. From the point of view of many field of sciences the substance and the method to overcome this problem has become a very interesting topic of research. Based on statistical methods, poverty has become very interesting because there is an issue that there is an autocorrelation between data, spatial autocorrelation, error variance heterogenity, spatial interaction, and other statistical issues. The main objective of this research is to find factors that influence poverty rate in a region by developing spatial bayesian statistics. The methods developed in this research include Simultan Autoregressive (SAR, Conditional Autoregressive (CAR, Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR, Small Area Estimation (SAE and hotspot detection. Based on the SAR Bayes model it is shown that the percented of people not graduating elementary school has a significant effect on poverty rate. While the increase of spatial autocorrelation will influence the poverty rate by 0.10 in East Java. Beside that by using hierarchical bayes logit normal model with nearest neighboor spatial weighted found that 40.93% of families of Jember is considered poor.

  10. PENGOLAHAN DAN PENERIMAAN PRODUK KEDELAI PADA RUMAHTANGGA DI PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN PULAU JAWA INDONESIA

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    Rina Yenrina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} The study was aimed to get data on kind of processing and acceptance level of local soybean products in rural and urban areas in Java Island. The study locations were South Jakarta (Province of DKI Jakarta; Serang and Tangerang (Province of Banten; Bekasi, Bogor and Bandung (Province of West Java; Purwokerto, Semarang and Solo (Province of Central Java; Yogyakarta (Province of D.I.Yogyakarta; Malang, Jember and Surabaya (Province of East Java. The study was a part of a grand study on processing, acceptance, and consumption pattern of local soybean products at various socio-economic level of households in Java Island in 2005.  The data were obtained by interviewing and observing 2080 households (consisted of 1280 households in urban and 800 households in rural areas selected randomly. Soybean products that mostly found in the market and consumed by households of Indonesian people, particularly in Java Island, were tempe, tauco, soy-sauce, tofu, tofu-flower, soy-sprout, and oncom.  The mostly ways to process the soy products were stir-frying, deep-frying, toasting, boiling, and ‘bacem’.  Besides, there were also some soy products that consumed directly at a household level after factorized processing, namely as soy-sauce and soy-milk. The average time used to process the soy-products varied, depended on the way of processing and  number of the product processed.  Stir-frying, especially for tempe, tofu, and tauge, was a frequent way done by poor and rich

  11. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Rusli Abdulah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Perhatian ekonom terhadap masalah ketimpangan sangatlah kurang. Kondisi ini juga dilakukan oleh lembaga dunia (Bank Dunia dan UNDP terutama di bidang kemiskinan, serta pemerintah kita. Dampak kebijakan yang bias antara kemiskinan dan penanggulangan ketimpangan sosial dapat dilihat dari data. Di Indonesia, khususnya Jawa Tengah, selama periode 2002-2011, pertumbuhan ekonomi di Jawa Tengah meningkat disertai dengan pengurangan kemiskinan. Namun ketimpangannya meningkat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis determinan pendapatan yang timpang di Jawa Tengah dari tahun 2002 sampai dengan 2011. Panel metode Data regerssion digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian ini. Ada 35 data cross section yang mewakili setiap kabupaten dan data seri selama 10 tahun Uji F dan uji Hausman menunjukkan bahwa model efek random terbatas adalah yang terbaik untuk analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hanya ada dua variabel yang signifikan yang menyebabkan ketimpangan (share of economic output received by employers wages. Sementara itu, dua variabel lain tidak signifikan (urbanization and dependency ratio.The attention of economist to the problem of inequality is weak. This condition is followed by the world institution (World Bank and UNDP which concerns in the areas of poverty, as well as our government. The impact of biased policy between poverty and inequality reduction can be seen from the data. In Indonesia, especially Central Java, during the period of 2002 to 2011, economic growth in Central Java increased accompanied by poverty reduction. However inequality increasedThe purpose of the study is to analyze the determinant of inequality income in Central Java from 2002 up to 2011. Panel data regerssion method is used to achieve the objectives of this study. There are 35 cross section data represent every regency and 10-years data series. F test and Hausman test indicate that restricted random effect models are best for analysis. The result

  12. Legal and actual central bank independence : A case study of Bank of Indonesia

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    Artha, I.K.D.S.; de Haan, J.

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-200

  13. Seismotektonik dan Potensi Kegempaan Wilayah Jawa

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    A. Soehaimi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no4.20085A seismogenetic study shows the Jawa Island Arc and its subduction zone system belong to a highly active seismotectonic arc unit (west Jawa and Sumatera and an active seismotectonic arc unit (western part of West JawaCentral Jawa – East Jawa. In general, these regions are part of the Indonesian Earthquake Hazard Zones No. VI, VII, VII and IX. The regions are characterized by the presence of rare earthquake of magnitude > 8.5 Richter Scale (western part of Java, frequent magnitude of 7 Richter Scale and common 5 - 6 Richter Scale (Southern part of Java. The potential hazardous earthquake in Jawa that is > 5,6 Richter Scale of magnitude and shallow depth (< 30 km is due to a subduction zone earthquake. Epicenter distance, magnitude, geological site conditions, population, and infrastructure are the index of earthquake hazard and risk in these regions. The earthquake hazard mitigation programme in the near future is a risk assesment based on macro and microzonation of earthquake hazard and risk. These macrozonation and microzonation assessments are essentially needed for provinces, districts, and cities.    

  14. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI TINGKAT KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Rusdarti Rusdarti

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Tingkat Kemiskinan di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Provinsi Iawa Tengah memiliki jumlah penduduk miskin yang cukup tinggi dan berada di posisi 12 dari 33 provinsi di Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini mendeskripsikan kemiskinan di Propinsi Jawa Tengah dan menganalisis pengaruh Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB, pengangguran, dan belanja publik terhadap kemiskinan. Analisis data menggunakan teknik Ordinary Least Square (OLS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penurunan tingkat pengangguran tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kemiskinan. Faktanya bahwa jumlah orang miskin di daerah lebih besar daripada kota. Secara statistik, PDRB dan variabel lainnya seperti pengeluaran publik berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kemiskinan sedangkan pengangguran pengaruhnya tidak signifikan.   Kata kunci: Kemiskinan, belanja publik, PDRB   Abstract: Factors Affecting Poverty Rate in Central Java Province. Central Java province has a high number of poor people and is in position 12th of the 33 provinces in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to describe poverty in Central Java and to analyze the effect of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP, unemployment, and public spending on poverty. Analysis of data used Ordinary Least Square (OLS technique. The result shows that decline in unemplyment rate had no significant effect on poverty. In fact, the number of poor people in rural area is gretaer than those in urban area. Statistically, other variables such as GRDP and public spending have significant effect on poverty while unemployment effect is not significant.   Key word: Poverty, public expenditure, GRDP

  15. ANALISIS KEPEMILIKAN JIWA KEWIRAUSAHAAN: EVALUASI OUTCOME PENDIDIKAN MENENGAH DI JAWA

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    Wahyu Purhantara

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Analisis Kepemilikan Jiwa Kewirausahaan: Evaluasi Outcome Pendidikan Menengah di Jawa. Pendidikan memiliki peran sentral dalam membentuk karakter dan jiwa kewirausahaan. Karena Indonesia memiliki kurang dari 2% dari penduduknya sebagai pengusaha, pendidikan kewirausahaan menjadi hal yang penting. Menurut Drucker, sebuah negara akan makmur jika penduduknya memiliki jiwa kewirausahaan. Pertanyaannya adalah, mengapa semangat kewirausahaan memainkan peran penting dalam pengembangan organisasi, bisnis, dan pengembangan diri? Jawabannya adalah bahwa kewirausahaan melatih orang untuk menjadi mandiri, kreatif, inovatif, kompetitif, berorientasi hasil, menyukai tantangan, bekerja keras, dan sebagainya. Hasil evaluasi terhadap jiwa kewirausahaan berdasarkan hasil proses pendidikan tingkat SMA/SMK di 5 kota di Jawa pada tahun 2011 menunjukkan bahwa mereka tidak memiliki jiwa kewirausahaan seperti yang diharapkan oleh standar kompetensi bagi lulusan SMA / SMK. Keywords: Jiwa Kewirausahaan, Pendidikan Kewirausahaan   Abstract: Entrepreneurial Spirit Analysis: Outcome Evaluation of Secondary Education in Java. Education has central role in forming character and entrepreneurial spirit. Since Indonesia has less than 2% of its inhabitants as entrepreneurs, education of entrepreneurship becomes urgent. According to Drucker, a country would be prosperous if its inhabitants have entrepreneurial spirit. The question is, why entrepreneurial spirit plays an important role in organization development, business, and self development? The answer is that entrepreneurship trains people to become self-supporting, creative, innovative, competitive, result oriented, fond of challenges, hard working, and so on. Result of evaluation on entrepreneurial spirit of high school education outcome in 5 towns in Java in 2011 indicates that they do not have entrepreneurship spirit as expected by the standard of competence for SMA/ SMK graduates. Keywords: entrepreneurial

  16. A new species of bent-toed gecko, genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Jawa Timur Province, Java, Indonesia, with taxonomic remarks on C. fumosus (Müller, 1895).

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    Hartmann, Lukas; Mecke, Sven; Kieckbusch, Max; Mader, Felix; Kaiser, Hinrich

    2016-01-26

    A new species of the gekkonid lizard genus Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 is described from Klakah, Lumajang Regency, Jawa Timur Province, Java, Indonesia. Cyrtodactylus klakahensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all other congeners by the presence of (1) a deep precloacal groove in males, (2) three rows of enlarged precloacofemoral scales, of which the third row bears 37-38 pores in males, (3) three or four rows of enlarged scales between the precloacofemoral scale rows and the cloaca, forming distinct chevrons, (4) raised and strongly keeled dorsal tubercles in 15-19 rows at midbody, (5) an indistinct lateral fold, (6) 17-20 subdigital lamellae under the 4th toe, and (7) subcaudal scales which are not transversely enlarged. Cyrtodactylus klakahensis sp. nov. is only the third bent-toed gecko species described from Java, indicating that the diversity of this genus on this island has been neglected in the past. Furthermore, we confirm that C. fumosus (Müller, 1895) is a species that possesses a precloacal groove in males and is most likely restricted to northern Sulawesi. That species is defined by a single female holotype (NMB-REPT 2662). Specimens in museum collections catalogued as C. fumosus from localities elsewhere are misidentified and likely represent undescribed species.

  17. KERAGAMAN FENOTIPE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK DAN GENOTIPE IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) DARI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA SELATAN, DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

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    Irin Iriana Kusmini; Vitas Atmadi Prakoso; Kusdiarti Kusdiarti

    2015-01-01

    Ikan gabus di Indonesia awalnya hanya terdapat di Barat garis Wallace (Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan) yang kemudian diintroduksi ke Indonesia bagian Timur. Ikan gabus termasuk ke dalam deretan ikan air tawar sebagai sumber daya genetik untuk menunjang diversifikasi usaha budidaya. Guna menyukseskan program diversifikasi tersebut, maka perlu diketahui keragaman genetik ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan Tengah agar dapat direkomendasikan sebagai dasar pemuliaan. Tuju...

  18. Legal and Actual Central Bank Independence: A Case Study of Bank Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    De Haan, Jakob; I Kadek Dian Sutrisna Artha

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  19. Legal and actual central bank independence: A case study of Bank of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; de Haan, J.

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  20. KEBIASAAN MEMBERIKAN MAKANAN KEPADA BAYI BARU LAHIR DI PROPINSI JAWA TENGAH DAN JAWA BARAT (NEW BORN INFANT FEEDING HABIT IN CENTRAL JAVA AND WEST JAVA

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    Yekti Widodo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Initiation of breast milk should be given to the baby as soon as possible, not more than half hour after the baby was bora If initiate of breast milk is not early, it will be difficult to avoid introduced other food than breast milk to new bom be infant. The objective of research is to know how the community habit, especially in Central Java and West Java in order with infant feeding for new born infant The result of the research showed 77,0% respondent introduced other food to new born infant and 23% respondents initiated breast milk soon after the baby bora Two reason for mother introduced other food before they give breast milk First, as "baby food' for the new born infant (knowing as prelacteal food. Kind of this food are honey (64,2%, water-honey (11,73%, boiled water (13,5%, and milk formula (10,6%. They gave this food for prelacteal food, because breast milk not flows yet (64,8%, for the baby not hungry (14,8%, suggested by traditional birth attendance (dukun bayi, suggested by grandmother (4,7% and mother not ready yet to give breast milk (3,6%. Second, Not as 'baby food', but because the culture. Usually they give other food just once time, in the first minutes of the baby life. After that, they give breast milk. The kinds of this food are solution water coffee (19,4%, pepper (29,6%, "kurma" (3,7%, onion (21,3%, lime juice (5,6% and salt solution (18,8%, also white egg (1,9%. The reason to give that food are: to bring out dirty things from baby stomach (82,4% as the not cramp (13,9%, and religion (3,7%. Actually, the first reason suggested by traditional birth attendance as a "helping delivery package" . This always doing by the traditional birth attendance

  1. PENGARUH PERTUKANGAN CINA PADA BANGUNAN MESJID KUNO DI JAWA ABAD 15-16

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Hartono

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The early shapes of ancient mosques in Java during the 15th - 16th centuries are very interesting. Many theories suggest that those shapes originated from the culture of Hinduist-Javanese or Javanese in general. Very few articles are there studying the important role of Chinese carpentry in the development of those mosques of Java, especially those in the northern coast of Java. To name a few, they are the Demak mosque (1474, the Kudus mosque (1537, and the Mantingan mosque (1559 near by Jepara. They physically show the traces of Chinese carpentry and stone masonry.This article is an early study which attempts to trace the existence of Chinese carpentry in those ancient mosques of Java. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Bentuk awal mesjid kuno di Jawa (abad 15-16, sangat menarik. Banyak teori yang mengatakan bahwa bentuk dari mesjid kuno Jawa ini berasal kebudayaan Hindu-Jawa maupun dari penduduk Jawa sendiri . Tapi jarang sekali tulisan yang membahas tentang peran pertukangan Cina yang sangat besar dalam pembangunan mesjid-mesjid kuno Jawa (terutama yang terletak di pantai Utara Jawa, Beberapa diantaranya seperti Mesjid Demak (1474, Mesjid Kudus (1537 dan Mesjid Mantingan (1559 dekat Jepara, yang terbukti secara fisik terdapat jejak-jejak pertukangan Cina, baik pertukangan batu maupun kayu disana. Tulisan ini merupakan studi awal yang mencoba untuk menelusuri keberadaan pertukangan Cina pada mesjid-mesjid kuno di Jawa tersebut. Kata kunci: Mesjid Kuno Jawa, Pertukangan Cina.

  2. INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MCVEY, RUTH T.

    THIS UNIVERSITY-LEVEL TEXT IS AN ATTEMPT TO BRIDGE THE GAP BETWEEN SUPERFICIAL IMPRESSION AND SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING INDONESIA. IT PROVIDES AN INTRODUCTION TO INDONESIA THROUGH CHAPTERS ON--(1) PHYSICAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE PATTERNS, BY K.J. PELZER, (2) INDONESIAN CULTURES AND COMMUNITIES, BY H. GEERTZ, (3) THE CHINESE MINORITY, BY G.W.…

  3. Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    Indonesia, an archipelago of 13,500 islands, ranks 5th as the most populous nation in the world. It has 175 million people, 105 million of which live on the island of Java alone. Indonesia has many distinct cultural and linguistic groups. Islam almost wholly replaced Hindu by the end of the 16th century, after arriving in the 12th century. Today 88% of the people are Muslim, while the rest includes Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, and others. The constitution guarantees religious freedom. Indonesia gained independence from the Netherlands in 1949. Indonesia's 1st president, Sukarno, led the rebellion leading to independence and remained in power from 1949-1967. After aligning with Asian communist countries and establishing an authoritarian regime in the early 1960s, the people rebelled, attempted a coup and, in 1967, the People's,s Consultative Assembly named Soeharto as president. He continues to be Indonesia's president and the dominant government and political figure. The constitution provides limited separation of executive, legislative, and judicial power. During the 1970s, the strong economy was based on high oil revenues and an industrial policy which protected domestic industries. Beginning in the 1980s, however, lower energy earnings assisted by low inflation, a downward float against the dollar, and the government eliminating regulatory obstacles turned the economic tide. Even though Indonesia has a larger unrescheduled external debt than any other developing nation, the government is dealing successfully with servicing this debt. Foreign interests participate in the oil and minerals sectors. Indonesia acts on its free and active foreign policy by playing a prominent role in Asian affairs, but avoiding involvement in conflicts among major powers. Indonesia is on friendly terms with its neighbors, and the military does not advocate developing the capability to project its power. The US and Indonesia carry on cordial diplomatic and trade relations

  4. GRIYA DAN OMAH Penelusuran Makna dan Signifikasi di Arsitektur Jawa

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    Josef Prijotomo

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Terms and names in architecture may sometimes be powerful in exploring history of ideas. Philology and hermeneutics are discipline of knowledge that utilize this notion in a very throgh and critical way. Inspired by those discipline of knowledge, this musing on `Griya' and `Omah' tries to demonstrate that their meaning is not `house' as many still understand them. Rather, both terms understood by the Jawanese as `any building' constructed. Critical assessment upon old documents named `Kawruh Griya' not only supportive for this understanding among the Javanese, but also provide us with a hint on one of ideals of `what a home is' among the Jawanese. The Javanese once had a notion that to dwell in a house is like sheltering under a shady tree. Since `griya' and `omah' may open our musing up to regions and cultures outside Jawa, this paper will limit its musing within the Jawanese. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Kata, sebutan dan istilah yang digunakan dalam arsitektur terkadang memiliki kemampuan untuk membantu dan menjadi bahan kajian sejarah bagi dunia arsitektur. Kajian filologi dan hermeneutika dengan baik telah memanfaatkan kemampuan tersebut. Tanpa harus memaksakan diri untuk mengikuti dengan ketat bidang pengetahuan tersebut, penelusuran atas arti `griya' dan `omah' ini mencoba untuk mengungkap sebagian kecil dari sejarah arsitektur Jawa. Melalui interpretasi-menerangkan (Poespoprodjo 1987: 194-195 atas arti kedua kata tersebut di dalam berbagai naskah Kawruh Griya, keduanya samasekali tidak memiliki arti: `rumah'. Dengan penelusuran ini ditemukan pula petunjuk yang mengarah pada salah satu gagasan orang Jawa tentang rumah yakni `bagaikan berteduh di bawah pohon'. Meskipun kedua kata tersebut dapat membawa penelusuran ini ke wilayah di luar arsitektur dan masyarakat Jawa, harus diakui bahwa penelusuran ini masih dibatasi pada telusuran internal bahasa Jawa, yakni hanya mengkaji kedua kata tersebut di dalam perjalanan kebahasaan bahasa Jawa

  5. Assessment of coalbed gas resources of the Central and South Sumatra Basin Provinces, Indonesia, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Finn, Thomas M.

    2016-12-09

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 20 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable coalbed gas resource in the Central and South Sumatra Basin Provinces of Indonesia.

  6. AKULTURASI BATIK TRADISIONAL JAWA DENGAN CINA

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    Dina Dwikurniarini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Batik merupakan salah satu budaya asli Indonesia yang sudah dikenal sejak lama dan menjadi ciri khas busana tradisional. Dalam perkembangannya batik mengalami akulturasi dengan budaya lain  sehingga terlihat dalam perubahan-perubahan motif dan kegunaannya. Paling sedikit ada lima budaya yang mempengaruhi batik tradisional Jawa, yaitu Islam, Cina, Hindu, Budha dan Eropa. Meskipun demikian batik telah diterima sebagai sebuah seni kerajinan yang adiluhung dan justru menjadi ciri-ciri tertentu pada daerah-daerah tertentu yang memiliki batik di Jawa. Tulisan singkat ini akan mengulas batik sebagai tradisi Jawa yang mempunyai ciri khas tersendiri dan berkembang mengikuti zaman, sehingga terdapat perpaduan anatara tradisi dan modernisasi. Kegunaan batik yang dikembangkan saat ini semakin membuat batik dikenal luas dan untuk kepentingan pasar. Di era global ini akankah batik mempertahankan diri dengan tradisionalnya atau mengikuti perkembangan dunia? Bagaimana dengan nilai filosofisnya apakah akan dipertahankannya, sehingga bermakna bagi pemakainya? Sebaliknya apakah pasar global justru mengurangi makna ketradisionalannya sehingga batik menjadi pelengkap saja atau untuk penuhi kebutuhan semata? Setidaknya jika membeli batik, manusia hanya memanfaatkan semata tanpa mempunyai tujuan yang lebih dalam

  7. Cinder cones of Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

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    Igan S. SutawIdjaja

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no1.20096The Mount Slamet volcanic field in Central Java, Indonesia, contains thirty five cinder cones within an area of 90 sq. km in the east flank of the volcano. The cinder cones occur singly or in small groups, with diameter of the base ranges from 130 - 750 m and the height is around 250 m. Within the volcanic field, the cinder cones are spread over the volcanic area at the distance of 4 to 14 km from the eruption center of the Slamet Volcano. They are concentrated within latitudes 7°11’00” - 7°16’00” S,, and longitudes 109°15’00” - 109°18’00” E. The density of the cinder cones is about 1.5 cones/km2. Most of the cinder cones lie on the Tertiary sedimentary rocks along the NW-trending fault system and on radial fractures. The structural pattern may be related to the radial faults in this region. The cone surfaces are commonly blanketed by Slamet air-falls and lava flows. The deposits consist of poorly bedded, very coarse-grained, occasionally overlain by oxidized scoria, and large-sized of ballistic bombs and blocks. There are various kind of volcanic bombs originating from scoriae ballistic rock fragments. The other kind of volcanic bombs are breadcrust bomb, almond seed or contorted shape. All of the cinder cones have undergone degradation, which can be observed from the characters of gully density and surface morphology. By using Porter parameters, Hco is equal to 0.25 Wco, whilst Wcr is equal to 0.40 Wco. The Hco/Wco ratio is higher than Hco = 0.2 Wco reference line. A radiometric dating using K-Ar method carried out on a scoria bomb yields the age of 0.042 + 0.020 Ma.  

  8. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under different policy scenarios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    2016-01-01

    Deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan province are among the highest in Indonesia. This study examines the physical and monetary impacts of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan up to 2025 under three policy scenarios. Our modelling approach combines a spatial logistic reg

  9. Assessment of shale-oil resources of the Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia, 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.

    2015-11-12

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated means of 459 million barrels of shale oil, 275 billion cubic feet of associated gas, and 23 million barrels of natural gas liquids in the Central Sumatra Basin, Indonesia.

  10. Yield constraints of rainfed lowland rice in Central Java, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boling, A.A.; Tuong, T.P.; Jatmiko, S.Y.; Burac, M.A.

    2004-01-01

    The low and unstable yields of rainfed lowland rice in Central Java can be attributed to drought, nutrient stress, pest infestation or a combination of these factors. Field experiments were conducted in six crop seasons from 1997 to 2000 at Jakenan Experiment Station to quantify the yield loss due t

  11. ANALISIS PRODUKSI TEBU DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Ratna Tunjungsari

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research are to analyze the influence of width of land area for growing the sugarcane plants, sugarcane seed , fertilizer and labour to the sugarcane production. A model was built by using Cobb-Douglas equation, in which it employed two or more variables. The variables were dependent (Y and independent variables (X. By using panel data that consisted of 26 data regencies or cities in Central Java during 7 years ( from 2007 to 2013, it could be obtained a fixed effect model, as the most effective model. The research results show that the the width of land area for growing the sugarcane plants, fertilizer and employees are suitable with the theory while the seed is not suitable with the theory. It can be known statistically that the significance level of 0,05 on the width of land area, the quantity of the fertilizer and the number of labors can have smaller significant (prob value than 0,05. It means that those three variables statistically and significantly influnce the quantity of sugarcane production in Central Java. Meanwhile, the quantity seed variable, statistically does not influence significantly to the sugarcane production. It is because its significant value is bigger than 0,05. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada provinsi di Jawa Tengah untuk melihat produksi tebu di Jawa Tengah. Peneli-tian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh luas lahan terhadap produksi tebu, pengaruh bibit terhadap produksi tebu, pupuk terhadap produksi tebu dan menganalisis tenaga kerja terhadap produksi tebu. Model dibangun menggunakan model Cobb-Douglas merupakan persamaan dengan menggunakan dua atau lebih variabel, dimana variabel yang satu merupakan variabel yang dijelasakan atau variabel dependen (Y dan lain-nya merupakan variabel indipenden atau yang menjelaskan (X. Dengan menggunakan data panel yang terdiri dari data 26 kabupaten/kota di Jawa Tengah, kurun waktu 7 tahun (2007-2013, diperoleh fixed effect model sebagai model yang paling efektif. Hasil

  12. Zika Virus, a Cause of Fever in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Nakayama; dengue type presumably infected by the bite of the mosquito 2 (DEN-2), New Guinea C; ZIKA , MR 766; Tern- vector (SIMPSON, 1964). Symptoms...Journal of fever in urban areas of Central Java and may be T-opical Medicine and Hygiene, 28, 717-724. the vector of ZIKA . Also, Ae. albopictus was im...considered with the isolation of ZIKA Lee, V. H. & Moore, D. L. (1972). Vectors of the virus from a variety of other Aedes of the subgenus 1969 yellow

  13. Characteristics of seismic noise in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yudistira, T.; Widiyantoro, S.

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the characteristics of recorded seismic noise in central Java by using empirical interstation Green's function (EGF). We have utilized the data from the MERAMEX project (May - October 2004) to determine the EGF within the study area. We have calculated 6893 cross correlations based Green's function of vertical-vertical components. In order to study both primary and secondary microseisms, we measured azimuthal dependence of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of Green's function at a period range from 3 to 25 s (or 0.04 - 0.33 Hz). In general, the cross-correlation functions (CCF) of positive and negative axes are not symmetric, which indicate that the dominant source locations are not evenly distributed. Based on period-azimuth maps of SNR the relatively higher SNRs are appeared in the period from 3 to 12 s (0.08 - 0.33 Hz), which can be related to the secondary microseisms. Our result also indicates that the most energetic seismic noise source came from or was generated in the northeastern part or northern part of the study region with range of azimuth form 290° to 360° and from 0° to 25°, which is related to the coupling of the northern coast of central Java and the ocean current of the Java sea.

  14. Perancangan dan Pembuatan Aplikasi Pepak Basa Jawa Menggunakan MobiOne Studio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anglila Nayanggita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is a nation that has a diversity of cultures and the arts, one of which is Javanese language. Javanese language is a heritage that should be preserved because it is still taught in schools and used in everyday life. The main book to learn Javanese language is Pepak Basa Jawa; a book that contains the essence of Javanese language. The rapid increase of technological development provides easiness for people, especially the pressence of gadgets. Therefore, the making of Pepak Basa Jawa in an application it needed to be a learning media to learn and conserve Javanese language for Indonesian people. The application is practically and attractively packed through iOS based mobile devices. Application Pepak Basa Jawa is built using MobiOne Studio software. Multimedia development method used is the Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MDLC which consists of six stages: concept, design, collection of material, manufacture, testing, and distribution. The Black Box test is used for application testing method. The results of this study is in the form of an application named Pepak Basa Jawa that can run well on mobile devices based on iOS. This application can be an alternative for the people of Indonesia as a medium of learning in learning the Javanese language.

  15. JANENGAN SEBAGAI SENI TRADISIONAL ISLAM-JAWA

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    Akhmad Arif Junaidi

    2013-12-01

    Tulisan ini dilatarbelakangi satu realitas budaya yang dihasilkan dari kehidupan masyarakat Muslim Jawa khususnya seni musik tradisional Islam-Jawa. Ekspresi kebudayaan Islam-Jawa dalam seni musik ini sangat beragam dan mencerminkan keberagaman “wajah” Islam yang telah beradaptasi dengan budaya lokal. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa Janengan merupakan perwujudan dari perpaduan tiga unsur tradisi musik, yakni tradisi musik Jawa, tradisi musik Islam Timur Tengah (Arab dan kini telah dikembangkan dengan kombinasi musik Barat seperti pop. Perpaduan ketiga unsur tradisi musik yang berbeda ini membentuk suatu hasil kreativitas yang unik bercirikan musik Jawa. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa ini juga melahirkan nilai-nilai yang meliputi nilai-nilai musikal, nilai-nilai kultural, dan nilai-nilai religius. Secara tematik syair-syair Janengan berisi berbagai ajaran seperti akidah (tauhid, syari’at dan tasawuf.

  16. KERAGAMAN FENOTIPE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK DAN GENOTIPE IKAN GABUS (Channa striata DARI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA SELATAN, DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irin Iriana Kusmini

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ikan gabus di Indonesia awalnya hanya terdapat di Barat garis Wallace (Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan yang kemudian diintroduksi ke Indonesia bagian Timur. Ikan gabus termasuk ke dalam deretan ikan air tawar sebagai sumber daya genetik untuk menunjang diversifikasi usaha budidaya. Guna menyukseskan program diversifikasi tersebut, maka perlu diketahui keragaman genetik ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan Tengah agar dapat direkomendasikan sebagai dasar pemuliaan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis keragaman dan kekerabatan antara populasi ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan tengah. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan analisis fenotipe terhadap 16 ekor ikan sampel dari masing-masing daerah tersebut, sedangkan untuk analisis keragaman genotipe masing-masing digunakan 10 ekor ikan dari setiap daerah. Analisis tersebut dilakukan melalui truss morfometrik dan RAPD dengan primer OPA-10, OPA-11, dan OPA-15. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keragaman berdasarkan truss morfometrik dan hasil PCR ikan gabus asal Sumatera Selatan lebih tinggi dibandingkan Kalimantan Tengah dan Jawa Barat. Kekerabatan ikan gabus Kalimantan Tengah lebih dekat dengan ikan gabus Sumatera Selatan dibandingkan dengan ikan gabus Jawa Barat. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan sebagai informasi untuk pertimbangan dalam program pemuliaan.

  17. Identification of Upper Crustal Structures Beneath Central Java, Indonesia from of Surface Wave Dispersion Inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zulhan, Zulfakriza; Saygin, Erdinc; Cummins, Phil; Widiyantoro, Sri; Nugraha, Andri Dian; Luehr, Birger-G.; Bodin, Thomas

    2015-04-01

    Our previous study on MERAMEX data (Zulfakriza et al., 2014) obtained features of the tomographic images which correlate well with the surface geology of central Java in periods between 1 to 12 sec. Kendeng Basin and active volcanoes in the central part of this region are clearly imaged with low group velocities with values around 0.8 km/sec, while the carbonate structures in the southern part of the region correspond to higher group velocities in the range of 1.8 to 2.0 km/sec. In this current study, we invert dispersion curves obtained from seismic noise tomography to estimate shear wave-depth profiles of the region. The results are used to discuss the spatial variation of shear wave velocities for a depth range down from the surface to upper crust. Most of the shear wave velocity anomalies, including the upper crustal areas of the Kendeng basin and active volcanoes, are consistent with our previous study of Rayleigh wave group velocities and fit to the regional geology. Keywords: Dispersion Inversion; shear wave velocity; Central Java, Indonesia. Reference: Zulfakriza, Z., Saygin, E., Cummins, P., Widiyantoro, S., Nugraha, A., Luehr, B.-G., Bodin, T., 2014. Upper crustal structure of central Java, Indonesia, from transdimensional seismic ambient noise tomography. Geophys. J. Int. 197.

  18. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHATANI KEDELAI UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Rizky Pratama

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In the era of globalization, food sustainability is one of the main sectors that has an important role in economic development in Indonesia. The development of agricultural sector needs to be implemented. It is for advancing the agriculture, so that, both production output and farmer welfare will increase. Soybean is one of the leading agricultural commodities in Central Java province. The purpose of this research is to analyze the strategy and program criteria that can be done to develop the soybean farming in Central Java. An Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP was applied. The sampling technique was done by simple random sampling consisting of 12 people. The results show that the development of soybean farming in Central Java province comprises of several prioritized program criterias. The first priority is the criteria of cultivation, 0.537. The second criteria is input and its score is 0.220. The third criteria is institutions, 0.110. The fourth criteria is post-harvest, 0.058. The fifth criteria is marketing, 0.040. Pada era globalisasi salah satu isu utamanya adalah ketahanan pangan maka sektor pertanian merupakan salah satu sektor utama yang memegang peranan penting dalam pembangunan ekonomi di Indonesia. Pengemban-gan sektor pertanian perlu dilaksanakan guna memajukan sektor pertanian baik berupa peningkatan output produksi dan kualitas serta mampu mengangkat kesejahteraan petani. Kedelai merupakan salah satu komodi-tas unggulan pertanian Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis strategi dan kriteria program yang dapat dilakukan untuk mengembangkan usaha tani kedelai di Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang ber-dampak kepada terwujudnya ketahanan pangan Indonesia berdasarkan pendekatan Analysis Hierarchy Pro-cess. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan simple random sampling yang terdiri dari 12 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pengembangan usahatani kedelai di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tersusun atas bebera-pa kriteria

  19. TOXOPLASMA AND VIRAL ANTIBODIES AMONG HIV PATIENTS AND INMATES IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Yulia; Haryati, Sri; Raharjo, Irvan; Prasetyo, Afiono Agung

    2015-11-01

    In Indonesia, Toxoplasma and its associations with blood-borne viruses have been poorly studied. In order to study the association between anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and blood-borne viral antibodies, blood samples from 497 participants (375 inmates from four prisons in Central Java, Indonesia and 122 HIV patients at a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic in Surakarta, Indonesia) were tested for serological markers of Toxoplasma, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) and human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-1/2). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM positivity rates were 41.6% and 3.6%, respectively. One point two percent of participants was positive for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Sixteen point five percent, 11.3%, 2.6% and 2.8% of participants were positive for anti- Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HCV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HIV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgM combined with anti-HIV antibodes and anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with both anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies, respectively. Anti-Toxoplasma IgM seropositivity was associated with anti-HIV (aOR = 4.3; 95% CI: 1.112-16.204, p = 0.034). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were associated with anti-HCV (aOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.749-4.538, p < 0.001) and history of injection drug use (aOR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.905-5.093, p < 0.001). In conclusion, we recommend patients with HIV, HCV infection and injection drug users should be screened for Toxoplasma infection in Indonesia.

  20. Pengaruh Islam terhadap Perkembangan Budaya Jawa: tembang Macapat

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    Asmaun Sahlan, Mulyono

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam came to Indonesia since the seventh century AD has a major influence on the transformation of the local culture. From cultures that were previously heavily influenced by Hinduism is primarily based on two major books from India, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata to the new culture that is influenced by Islamic values. One form of cultural transformation in the field of Javanese literature is the birth of the tembang macapat (song of macapat. Tembang macapat is a form of transformation from Javanese literature of the form kakawin literary dan kidung (ancient Javanese song became a form of Java new song (gending. During its development, macapat song contains a lot of Islamic values so utilized by teachers, preachers, religious scholars and Ulama’ to the means of education and transformation of Islamic values.   Islam datang ke Indonesia sejak abad ke tujuh Masehi memiliki pengaruh besar terhadap transformasi budaya setempat. Dari kebudayaan yang sebelumnya banyak dipengaruhi oleh agama Hindu terutama didasarkan pada dua karya besar dari India yaitu Ramayana dan Mahabharata menuju kepada kebudayaan baru yang dipengaruhi oleh nilai-nilai Islam. Salah satu bentuk transformasi kebudayaan dalam  bidang sastra Jawa adalah lahirnya tembang macapat. Tembang macapat merupakan bentuk transformasi sastra Jawa dari bentuk kakawin dan kidung menjadi sastra puisi yang berupa lagu/gending. Dalam perkembangannya, tembang macapat banyak mengandung nilai-nilai Islam sehingga dimanfaatkan oleh para guru, mubaligh, kyai maupun ulama’ untuk sarana pendidikan dan dakwah nilai-nilai Islam.

  1. PERLETAKAN STASIUN KERETA API DALAM TATA RUANG KOTA-KOTA DI JAWA (KHUSUSNYA JAWA TIMUR PADA MASA KOLONIAL

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    Handinoto Handinoto

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Railway Company in Indonesia started in 1860's. They were held by both government (SS- Staad Spoorwegen and private (NIS, etc. The same happened as in Europe after rev. industry, railway station's placement as new kind of building became very important in urban planning. Faster progression,in railway services in Indonesia in the begining 20 th century, that reached almost all of town in Java; caused railway station's placement, either in larger city or Kabupaten city will be importance. In the end of 19 th and 20 th century, railway transportation was one of important infrastructure.But in the second part of 20 th century, after independence, the roadway progression caused railway services become come down, so railway stations were careless. In the end of 20 th century, the dense of roadway in Java caused railway's function raise again. In general towns has been develop, so railway station placement which been though exactly in urban planning, become to make trouble for city trafic. The scoupe of this paper covered about the placement of railway station in the past, as input for development city in Java for the future. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Per kereta api an di Indonesia baru dimulai pada th. 1860 an. Perusahaan kereta api ditangani oleh dua instansi yaitu oleh pihak pemerintah (seperti: S.S - Staad Spoorwegen dan pihak swasta (seperti :NIS - Nederlandsch Indische Spoorweg Maatschappij, dan sebagainya. Seperti halnya di Eropa setelah revolusi industri, perletakkan stasiun sebagai suatu jenis bangunan baru, menjadi sangat penting dalam tata ruang kota. Dengan makin majunya per kereta api an di Indonesia pada awal abad ke 20, yang hampir mencapai seluruh kota di Jawa, maka penempatan stasiun kereta api baik di kota-kota besar maupun kota Kabupaten menjadi suatu pemikiran yang penting. Pada akhir abad ke 19 dan abad ke 20, angkutan dengan kereta api, menjadi salah satu sarana yang sangat penting, baik angkutan barang maupun manusia. Tapi

  2. Dialektika Islam dan Budaya Lokal dalam Bidang Sosial sebagai Salah Satu Wajah Islam Jawa

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    Andik Wahyun Muqoyyidin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is to unravel the issue of dialectic of Islam and local culture in the social field as one face of Javanese Islam. Historically, Islam came to Indonesia there is a record seventh century AD, but there are also the states of the thirteenth century AD. This means that Islam has been a long time to adapt and dialogue with the culture, customs, attitudes and ways of thinking locals Indonesia. Moreover, many aspects of Islamic teachings that can be flexible so it can receive the local elements are in harmony with the teachings of Islam. The style of Islam in Java in many ways resembles Islam in South Asia. Kerala, the Malabar coast became an important area for the spice trade. Therefore, this area is also very likely to be a transit area for the purpose of trading with the merchants and simultaneously broadcast and Sufi Moslem are deliberately seeking new areas for development of Islam. For this reason, the face of Islam in Java is the result of dialogue and dialectic between Islam and local culture which then displays the face of Javanese Islam. In fact, Islam in Java is indeed not a single, not a monolith, and not simple. Among these are reflected in social relations syncretic Javanese Moslem community with other communities go naturally with the local knowledge base in the village community at large.   Artikel ini ingin mengurai persoalan dialektika Islam dan budaya lokal dalam bidang sosial sebagai salah satu wajah Islam Jawa. Secara historis, Islam datang ke Indonesia ada yang mencatat abad VII Masehi, tapi ada juga yang menyatakan abad XIII Masehi. Ini berarti Islam telah lama beradaptasi dan berdialog dengan budaya, adat kebiasaan, sikap dan cara berpikir penduduk lokal Indonesia. Terlebih lagi, banyak aspek dari ajaran Islam yang dapat bersifat fleksibel sehingga dapat menerima unsur-unsur lokal yang selaras dengan ajaran Islam. Corak Islam di Jawa dalam banyak hal menyerupai Islam di Asia Selatan. Kerala, di pantai Malabar

  3. Identifying of ground water level by using geoelectric method in Karanganyar, Central Java, Indonesia

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    Koesuma, S.; Sulastoro

    2016-11-01

    This study aims to determine ground water level in Karanganyar regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Karanganyar regency is located in west flank of Lawu volcano, the third highest volcano in Central Java Province. Karanganyar lays from the top submit of Lawu volcano to down town of city with altitude 3265 m to 88 m. Same as other mountain area, Karanganyar has a lot of ground water potential. We use geoelectric method to finds out how deep of ground water level. The survey locations are distributed surround Karanganyar regency which contain 22 sites, in period survey of 2013 - 2015. Schlumberger configuration is used for acqusition data with lenght of current electrode distance varies from 1 m to 700 m. The result shows that ground water level are located in depth from 50 meter to 150 meter with lithology of tuff and sand. In Munggur and Kedung Jeruk sites, we found two potential aquifers, which are shallow and deep aquifers.

  4. Short-term poverty dynamics of rural households: Evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Stefan Schwarze

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day expressed in purchasing power parity (PPP. The results of the estimated multinomial logit model applied in this study indicate that a lack of non-agricultural employment opportunities and low endowment of social capital are major determinants of chronic as well as transitory poverty in this province of Indonesia. These results are used to draw policy conclusions with respect to the alleviation of transitory and chronic poverty in Central Sulawesi.

  5. Factors influencing non-adherence to tuberculosis treatment in Jepara, central Java, Indonesia.

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    Rondags, Angelique; Himawan, Ari Budi; Metsemakers, Job Fm; Kristina, Tri Nur

    2014-07-01

    One of the most serious problems for tuberculosis (TB) control is non-adherence to TB treatment. We studied the factors influencing non-adherence to TB treatment in Indonesia to inform TB treatment adherence strategies. We con- ducted semi-structured interviews with non-adherent patients and key informants in Jepara, Central Java, Indonesia. Three major themes were found in reasons for non-adherence to TB treatment: 1) knowledge about TB, 2) knowledge about TB treatment and 3) choosing and changing a health care treatment facility. Respondents had an inadequate knowledge about TB and its treatment. Feeling healthy and having financial problems were the most common reasons for TB treatment non-adherence. Respondents sought treatment from many different health care providers, and often changed the treatment facility location. TB treatment adherence might improve by providing better education about the disease and its treatment to those undergoing treatment. Providing information about where to receive treatment and that treatment is free could also improve compliance.

  6. Seroepidemiologic survey of cysticercosis-taeniasis in four central highland districts of Papua, Indonesia.

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    Salim, Lidwina; Ang, Agnes; Handali, Sukwan; Tsang, Victor C W

    2009-03-01

    Cysticercosis and taeniasis are known to be present in Papua, Indonesia. Several small studies have found a high prevalence of cysticercosis (23.5-56.9%) in the central highlands of Papua. A seroepidemiologic survey was carried out in four districts (Jayawijaya, Paniai, Pegunungan Bintang, and Puncak Jaya) of Papua. Anti-cysticercosis and anti-taeniasis antibodies were measured in 2,931 people using recombinant T24 and recombinant ES33 as a measure of cysticercosis and taeniasis exposures, respectively. Prevalence of cysticercosis-taeniasis is high in the Jayawijaya and Paniai districts (20.8% and 29.2% for cysticercosis and 7% and 9.6% for taeniasis, respectively) and lowest in the other two districts (Pegunungan Bintang and Puncak Jaya) (2% and 2% for cysticercosis and 1.7% and 10.7% for taeniasis, respectively). Our data show that the prevalence of cysticercosis and taeniasis are unchanged from that reported nearly 35 years ago at the beginning of cysticercosis-taeniasis epidemics in Papua, Indonesia.

  7. Capability Approach for well-being Evaluation in Regional Development Planning : Case Study in Magelang Regency. Central java, Indonesia

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    Pramono, Retno Widodo Dwi

    2016-01-01

    The thesis uses Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach (1993, 2000) to devise a set of criteria to evaluate the well-being and quality of life of economic groups in a case study of Magelang, a small rural area in Central Java, Indonesia. In applying this method, the researcher examines how the spatial ch

  8. LIPID PRODUCING MICROALGAE FROM SEVERAL ECOSYSTEMS IN WEST AND CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

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    DWI ANDREAS SANTOSA

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to get lipid producing microalgae as feedstock for biofuel production. The microalgae were isolated from 355 collected water samples which represented many distinct ecosystems such as paddy fields, rivers, agricultural dams, ponds, swampy areas and unique ecosystem of volcano and mud-volcano craters in West- and Central Java, Indonesia. A total of 267 strains of microalgae were isolated from the samples of which 221 strains of them have capability to produce lipid. There were four promising strains that produce lipid between 14.7 – 45.7 percent dry weight in optimal condition that were identified as Chlamydomonas sp. KO-7267 and PK-7195, Chlorella sp. KS-7300 and Desmodesmus sp. BK-7291.

  9. Enhancing voluntary participation in community collaborative forest management: a case of Central Java, Indonesia.

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    Lestari, Sri; Kotani, Koji; Kakinaka, Makoto

    2015-03-01

    This paper examines voluntary participation in community forest management, and characterizes how more participation may be induced. We implemented a survey of 571 respondents and conducted a case study in Central Java, Indonesia. The study's novelty lies in categorizing the degrees of participation into three levels and in identifying how socio-economic factors affect people's participation at each level. The analysis finds that voluntary participation responds to key determinants, such as education and income, in a different direction, depending on each of the three levels. However, the publicly organized programs, such as information provision of benefit sharing, are effective, irrespective of the levels of participation. Overall, the results suggest a possibility of further success and corrective measures to enhance the participation in community forest management.

  10. Thermal Performance of Traditional House in the Upland Central Celebes of Indonesia

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    Sri Nastiti N.E Nastiti N.E

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available House presents special problems for design in relation to climate as it accommodates variety of uses over 24-hour period. It is widely known in the tropical countries that traditional houses are more sensitive to the prevailing climate and able to provide comfortable internal environment for the occupants. Tambi as one of traditional houses in upland Central Celebes Indonesia is believed to be thermally comfortable, yet there still no empirical evidence to approve it. Present study conducted empirical studies on typical traditional Tambi houses to evaluate their thermal performance. External and internal climatic conditions were measured in each house and were analysed. Results of the study showed that typical traditional Tambi house are not able to maintain the internal temperature within the comfort range for a preiod of 24- hours. Thermal quality of the house, however, were improving as indicated by internal temperatures which were more satisfactory than the external temperatures.

  11. Exploration of High elevation liana colonies on Mt. Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

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    WS Hoover

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available One hundred forty–five individual lianas were distributed on 2 East facing ridges on the second highest mountain on Java, Mt. Slamet (3418 m., Central Java, Indonesia. Twenty one colonies were observed on small flat areas on ridges. The liana species observed include: Embelia pergamacea, Toddalia asiatica, Elaeagnus latifolia, Schefflera lucida, Vaccinium laurifolium and Lonicera javanica. Diameter of each liana was measured and liana density/flat area calculated. Floristic collecting was under- taken within the elevational gradient of liana distribution. Data suggest an ecotone transition from lower to upper mon- tane forest is observed between 2200 and 2300 m, though forest types are difficult to determine due to disturbance caused by fire at the upper elevations. Observing lianas at these unusuall high elevations with near pluvial rainfall, con- tradict established scientific theory concerning global distribution and abundance of lianas.  

  12. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

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    SUSI KRESNATITA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 106-111. People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to determine the diversity of indigenous vegetables in Central Kalimantan, its use as a vegetable and nutrient content some vegetables. The method used was the exploration and interviews. Exploration carried out in three districts namely Palangkaraya, Pulang Pisau, and Seruyan. Sampling of plants was randomly and selectively. Data analysis was performed descriptively. The results showed that we recorded 42 plant species belonging to 30 families. There were many vegetables processing: stir-fry, clear soup, a light coconut milk soup, acidic soup, or just consumed as fresh vegetables. The result of nutritional value analyzed, Helminthostachys zeylanica (L. Hook had a potential to further develop whether as vegetables or medicinal plant. It had the highest protein, carbohydrate and mineral P, Fe, Na and K content among the vegetables analyzed.

  13. KETIKA KEBIJAKAN ORDE LAMA MEMASUKI DOMAIN PENDIDIKAN: PENYIAPAN DAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI INDONESIA

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    Umasih Umasih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals how the educational policy in Indonesia during The Old Order. The domination of government (Soekarno as expressed in the domination theory by Antonio Gramsci which a politic is a commander and it can dominate whole Indonesia society life including an educational aspect. Furthermore, Soekarno as an individual manivesto has given a space for PKI because of their closeness. When the Minister, Prijono, issued a decision concerning about Pancawardhana Educational System, The Institution of National Education which is affiliated by PKI giving a formulation of Pancacinta. An education in the political manifesto obliges teachers enter into a practical politics life, teachers have to be revolutionary . It means that the learning practice is given toward students through indoctrination.  No less than 2000 teachers in the East java and the Cental Java finally became PKI members, then about  580 teachers of elementary school from the West Java. Even PKI has succeeded to divide the organization of teacher’s membership into The Cental Vak PGRI and  non Vak Central PGRI. Keywords : The Old Order, The Pacawardhana Educational System, the performance of elementary teachers.  Artikel ini mengungkapkan bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan Indonesia pada masa Orde Lama. Dominasi pemerintah (Soekarno seperti diungkapkan dalam teori  dominasi oleh ntonio Gramsci di mana politik adalah panglima dan dapat mendominasi segala kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Tidak hanya itu, Presiden Soekarno sebagai manivesto perseorangan  juga  telah  memberi ruang gerak pada PKI karena kedekatan hubungannya dengan Presiden Soekarno.  Ketika Menteri Prijono mengeluarkan keputusan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Pancawardhana, Lembaga Pendidikan Nasional yang berafiliasi dengan PKI memberi rumusan tentang Pancacinta. Pendidikan dalam alam manipol mengharuskan guru terjun dalam kehidupan politik praktis, guru harus revolusioner yang

  14. Disposal of household burned garbage and risk of low birth weight in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

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    Puti Sari Hidayangsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang: Pembakaran sampah di dalam rumah tanggadapat mempengaruhi berat badan bayi lahir rendah (BBLR. Pada tulisan ini disajikan pembakaran sampah di rumah tangga terhadap risiko BBLR.Metode: Analisis data menggunakan sebagian data studi potong lintang Riskesdas 2013 di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Data yang dianalisis ialah data bayi berusia 0-11 bulan. Berat badan bayi waktu lahir berdasarkan catatan berat bayi saat lahir yang tercatat dalam kuesioner Riskesdas. Bayi dikategorikan BBLR jika berat badan waktu lahir kurang dari 2500 gram. Hasil: Di antara 281 bayi yang mempunyai catatan berat badan lahir terdapat 10,6% (23 bayi yang BBLR. Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan perilaku pengelolaan sampah dengan cara dibakar dibandingkan dengan selain dibakar mempunyai risiko 2,3 kali lipat mengalami BBLR (RRa=2,28; 95% CI=1,18-8,61. Kesimpulan: Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan sampah dibakar dibandingkan dengan tanpa sampah dibakar mempunyai risiko lebih tinggi BBLR di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. (Health Science Indones 2014;2:89-93Kata kunci: berat badan lahir rendah, pembakaran sampahAbstractBackground: The management of household waste by burning can affect the incidence of low birth weight (LBW. This paper aims to identify the burning of garbage at home and risk of low birth weight. Methods: This analysis used a part of Riskesdas 2013 data in the Central Sulawesi Province. Subjects analyzed were infants aged 0-11 months. Baby’s weight was based on the baby’s birth weightwhich was recorded in the questionnaire of Riskesdas. The infants were categorized as LBW, if the recorded birth weight was less than 2500 grams. Results: Out of 392 babies,  281 babies had recorded birth weightswhich could be proved by documentary evidence. The majority of babies were boys (50.9% and lived in rural areas (58.7%. The proportion of babies who had LBW was 10.6% (23 infants. The babies who were living in households with

  15. ISLAMIC WORK ETHIC AS AN ANTECEDENT OF WORK OUTCOMES: A STUDY OF ISLAMIC MICROFINANCE IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

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    Wahibur Rokhman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Using sample 370 employees from Islamic microfinance institutions in Central Java, Indonesia, this study was conducted to examine the effect of Islamic work ethics on job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The empirical testing indicates that Islamic work ethic has positive effects on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment; whereas there is no significant evidence of the effect of Islamic work ethic on turnover intention. Implication, limitation and suggestion for future research are also discussed.

  16. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

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    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  17. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  18. New 1.5 million-year-old Homo erectus maxilla from Sangiran (Central Java, Indonesia).

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    Zaim, Yahdi; Ciochon, Russell L; Polanski, Joshua M; Grine, Frederick E; Bettis, E Arthur; Rizal, Yan; Franciscus, Robert G; Larick, Roy R; Heizler, Matthew; Aswan; Eaves, K Lindsay; Marsh, Hannah E

    2011-10-01

    Sangiran (Solo Basin, Central Java, Indonesia) is the singular Homo erectus fossil locale for Early Pleistocene Southeast Asia. Sangiran is the source for more than 80 specimens in deposits with (40)Ar/(39)Ar ages of 1.51-0.9 Ma. In April 2001, we recovered a H. erectus left maxilla fragment (preserving P(3)- M(2)) from the Sangiran site of Bapang. The find spot lies at the base of the Bapang Formation type section in cemented gravelly sands traditionally called the Grenzbank Zone. Two meters above the find spot, pumice hornblende has produced an (40)Ar/(39)Ar age of 1.51 ± 0.08 Ma. With the addition of Bpg 2001.04, Sangiran now has five H. erectus maxillae. We compare the new maxilla with homologs representing Sangiran H. erectus, Zhoukoudian H. erectus, Western H. erectus (pooled African and Georgian specimens), and Homo habilis. Greatest contrast is with the Zhoukoudian maxillae, which appear to exhibit a derived pattern of premolar-molar relationships compared to Western and Sangiran H. erectus. The dental patterns suggest distinct demic origins for the earlier H. erectus populations represented at Sangiran and the later population represented at Zhoukoudian. These two east Asian populations, separated by 5000 km and nearly 800 k.yr., may have had separate origins from different African/west Eurasian populations.

  19. Eruptive history of Sundoro volcano, Central Java, Indonesia since 34 ka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prambada, Oktory; Arakawa, Yoji; Ikehata, Kei; Furukawa, Ryuta; Takada, Akira; Wibowo, Haryo Edi; Nakagawa, Mitsuhiro; Kartadinata, M. Nugraha

    2016-11-01

    Reconstruction of the eruptive history of Sundoro volcano is needed to forecast the probability of future eruptions and eruptive volumes. Sundoro volcano is located in Central Java (Indonesia), 65 km northwest of Yogyakarta, and in one of the most densely populated areas of Indonesia. On the basis of stratigraphy, radiocarbon dating, petrography, and whole-rock geochemistry, we recognize the following 12 eruptive groups: (1) Ngadirejo, (2) Bansari, (3) Arum, (4) Kembang, (5) Kekep, (6) Garung, (7) Kertek, (8) Watu, (9) Liyangan, (10) Kledung, (11) Summit, and (12) Sibajak. The Ngadirejo (34 ka BP) to Kledung (1 ka) eruptive groups are inferred to have been the stratovolcano building phase. Based on compositions of deposits, one or more magma reservoirs of intermediate chemical composition are inferred to have existed below the volcano during the periods of time represented by the eruptive groups. SiO2 of juvenile eruptive products ranges from 50 to 63 wt%, and K2O contents range from high K to medium K. The chemical composition and phenocryst content of eruptive products change with time. The lower SiO2 products contain mainly plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and olivine, whereas the more evolved rocks contain plagioclase, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, and rare hornblende and olivine. Our work has defined Sundoro's eruptive history for the period 1-34 ka, and this history helps us to forecast future activity. We estimated that the total amount of magma discharged since 34 ka is approximately 4.4 km3. The average eruption rate over this group ranges from 0.14 to 0.17 km3/kyr. The eruption rate and the frequency of individual eruptions indicate that the volcano has been very active since 34 ka, and this activity in combination with our petrological data suggest the presence of one or more magma reservoirs that have been repeatedly filled and then discharged as eruptions have taken place. Our data further suggest that the volume of the crustal reservoir system has

  20. Deforestation projections for carbon-rich peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Douglas O; Hardiono, Martin; Meijaard, Erik

    2011-09-01

    We evaluated three spatially explicit land use and cover change (LUCC) models to project deforestation from 2005-2020 in the carbon-rich peat swamp forests (PSF) of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Such models are increasingly used to evaluate the impact of deforestation on carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. We considered both business-as-usual (BAU) and a forest protection scenario to evaluate each model's accuracy, sensitivity, and total projected deforestation and landscape-level fragmentation patterns. The three models, Dinamica EGO (DE), GEOMOD and the Land Change Modeler (LCM), projected similar total deforestation amounts by 2020 with a mean of 1.01 million ha (Mha) and standard deviation of 0.17 Mha. The inclusion of a 0.54 Mha strict protected area in the LCM simulations reduced projected loss to 0.77 Mha over 15 years. Calibrated parameterizations of the models using nearly identical input drivers produced very different landscape properties, as measured by the number of forest patches, mean patch area, contagion, and Euclidean nearest neighbor determined using Fragstats software. The average BAU outputs of the models suggests that Central Kalimantan may lose slightly less than half (45.1%) of its 2005 PSF by 2020 if measures are not taken to reduce deforestation there. The relatively small reduction of 0.24 Mha in deforestation found in the 0.54 Mha protection scenario suggests that these models can identify potential leakage effects in which deforestation is forced to occur elsewhere in response to a policy intervention.

  1. POLICY ON HERBAL TRADITIONAL MEDICINES THERAPY IN THREE PROVINCES IN INDONESIA

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    Max Joseph Herman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A descriptive qualitative study on the implementation of MOH Decrees related to local herbal Traditional Medicine Therapy in Bali, West Java and Central Java, had been conducted cross-sectionally in 2011. Objectives of this study were to identify local licensing policy, perception of professional organization, and supports and obstacles of their implementation. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with one herbal CAM provider, purposively taken from each district, and Head of Health Resources Department of Provincial and District Health Office, whilst RTD participants were professional organizations like Indonesian Association of Herbal Medical Doctor, Indonesian Association of Traditional Therapist, Indonesian Pharmacist Association, Indonesian Association of Midwives and Indonesian National Nurse Union. Results of the study showed that in Bali no Surat Bukti Registrasi-Tenaga Pengobat Komplementer Altenatif had been issued. In West Java it had been given to trained doctor and in Central Java given only to doctors in Puskesmas following Jamu Scientification program. MOH Decree no. 1109 of 2007 which controls CAM providers in health facilities were differently perceived by Provincial Health Offices and as a result, implementation and also local policy differed amongst provinces. There were doctors providing herbal medicine services based on MOH Regulation no. 1076 of 2003. Nonetheless, few doctors had implemented Decree on Use of CAM, because there were no provincial collegiums of herbal medicine yet and no standard of competencies had been developed. The requirements to obtain licence for doctor were more complicated than for traditional provider. Keywords: complementary alternative medicine, herbal traditional medicine, licence, policy Abstrak Telah dilakukan suatu studi kualitatif implementasi peraturan-peraturan tentang pengobatan tradisional herbal secara potong lintang di Bali, Jawa Barat dan Jawa Tengah, pada tahun

  2. THE COMPLEXITY IN COPING CONFLICTING GROUPS IN SURROUNDING NUSAKAMBANGAN ISLANDS CENTRAL JAVA INDONESIA

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    Khairu Roojiqien Sobandi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study explores social and political conflicts in grassroots level, specifically, the challenge of natural degradations on a mangrove-fringed lagoon in Central Java, Indonesia. Segara Anakan is a significant environmental zone, with many unique ecosystem features, all of which are under threat from illegal land reclamation and timber theft, which have caused great damage. This study analyses how conflict arises between groups and how the rulers interact with villagers in Kampung Laut sur-rounding Nusakambangan Island. The result shows, as Reichel et al. (2009 notes, population growth and lagoon sedimentation indeed have directing to crucial conflicts between groups. However, histori-cal and the rulers approach factors also contribute to Kampung Laut conflicts. Long historical journey contribute to the formation of Kampung Laut villagers’ characters. It is the history of Galuh and Mata-ram Kingdoms’ networks through Babad Pasirluhur and Tanah Jawi in conquering Nusakambangan. More importantly, rulers’ policies and state apparatuses approaches also contribute to the creation of Kampung Laut villagers’ identity. The policies are often inconsistent and create more problems than solutions. Thus, dissatisfaction has directing to the creation of Kampung Laut identity marker as rebel-lions. In short, this hard situation led to conflicts between villagers and rulers. Our study suggest that it is very important to bring the state back in on the isolated and poor area like Kampung Laut Sub-District through more affirmative regional public policies and more over create additional income re-sources, for example eco-tourism that could support its sustainable outcomes.

  3. Hydrological and vegetation shifts in the Wallacean region of central Indonesia since the Last Glacial Maximum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicaksono, Satrio A.; Russell, James M.; Holbourn, Ann; Kuhnt, Wolfgang

    2017-02-01

    Precipitation is the most important variable of Indonesian climate, yet there are substantial uncertainties about past and future hydroclimate dynamics over the region. This study explores vegetation and rainfall and associated changes in atmospheric circulation during the past 26,000 years in Wallacea, a biogeographical area in central Indonesia, wedged between the Sunda and Sahul shelves and known for its exceptionally high rainforest biodiversity. We use terrestrial plant biomarkers from sediment cores retrieved from Mandar Bay, off west Sulawesi, to reconstruct changes in Wallacean vegetation and climate since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Enriched leaf wax carbon isotope (δ13Cwax) values recorded in Mandar Bay during the LGM, together with other regional vegetation records, document grassland expansion, implying a regionally dry, and possibly more seasonal, glacial climate. Depleted leaf wax deuterium isotope (δDwax) values in Mandar Bay during the LGM, and low reconstructed precipitation isotope compositions from nearby sites, reveal an intensified Austral-Asian summer monsoon circulation and a southward shift of the mean position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone, likely due to strong southern hemisphere summer insolation and the presence of large northern hemisphere ice sheets. Mandar Bay δ13Cwax was anti-correlated with δDwax during the LGM and the last deglaciation, but was positively correlated during most of the Holocene, indicating time-varying controls on the isotopic composition of rainfall in this region. The inundation event of the Sunda Shelf and in particular the opening of the Java Sea and Karimata Strait between 9.4 and 11.1 thousand years ago might have provided new moisture sources for regional convection and/or influenced moisture source trajectories, providing the trigger for shifts in atmospheric circulation and the controls on precipitation isotope compositions from the LGM to the Holocene.

  4. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN CHIKUNGUNYA DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI,PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Lulus Susanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractChikungunya fever is one of re-emerging diseases in Indonesia. The most prominent symptoms in chikungunya patients are severe pain in joints, especially in the knee, ankles, arms and hands joints , as well as joints of the spine so that the joints very difficult to be moved. The disease is caused by Chikungunya virus (CHIKV group.Cases of Chiku-ngunya in Central Java were increased, starting in 2005 which totaled only 46 cases, then became 86 cases in 2006, and increased sharply to reach 2,801 cases in 2007. The cases were distributed in several districts in Central Java including Boyolali, which contributes to considerable number of Chikungunya cases. In 2007 and 2008 the number of Chikungunyacases in Boyolali reached 634 and 517 respectively. In this study a survey was conducted to establish the relationship between community characteristics, socio-economic conditions, knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of the people,entomological and environmental survey as risk factors of Chikungunya in Boyolali. This study was an analytical epidemiologic study with case control study design. Results showed that cases of Chikungunya was majority in the age range of 20-45 and 46-64 years, 51 (39.23% and 50 cases (38.46% respectively, among them,80 females (61.54%. The most of the Chikungunya cases ; 34 (26.15%were not completed primary school and farmers, the main occupation of the people, were 41 cases (31.54%. Based on all of characteristic of the respondents, only gender that have significant relationshipswith the Chikungunya case (with P< 0.05. The characteristics of age, education, and occupation have no significant relationships with the case (P> 0.05. Knowledge and practices of the people on the prevention towards Chikungunya transmissions has no significant relationships to the case(with P > 0.05. Hanged cloth was also has no relationships with the case, but the existing of Aedes sp larvae shown significant relationships to the case (with P

  5. Gender Construction in Pesantren in Johor (Malaysia and Central Java (Indonesia

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    Tri Marhaeni P. Astuti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates gender construction in Islamic boarding schools or 'pesantren' Semarang, Indonesia (Al-Islah and Al-Anshor and Johor, Malaysia (Mahad and Marsah. It was found that despite their different countries and customs, the schools in Indonesia and Malaysia show some similarities, especially in terms of the teaching of Islamic jurisprudence and thei perceptions of the rights of men and women as explained in the Qur'an. However, they differ, especially in terms of the implementation of these in their daily lives. In Johor, Malaysia, men are responsible for activities outside of the households whereas women are in charge of the domestic chores. In Semarang, Indonesia, however, women, despite their household responsibilities, can also work outside. In addition, in terms of polygamy, most people in Johor support it as long as it does not break any religious laws.

  6. The Cohesiveness of Muslim Pangestu Members in Salatiga, Central Java

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    S. Suciati

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The drying of spirituality and weakening of cohesiveness in the midst of materialistic hedonistic modern world become major challenge for the adherents of official religions in Indonesia. The practice of religions is considered too much focusing on ritual aspects. Therefore, those teachings cannot give the real meaningfulness of religious life. Consequently, some adherents of official religions begin to see other spiritual/mysticism sects. This study describes the social cohesiveness among muslims who become members of Pangestu, a spiritual-mysticism sect widely spreading among Javanese society in Indonesia. This research shows that the Pangestu in Salatiga, Central Java, can fulfill social, economic, and spiritual needs of its members. Among the underlying factors that make Pangestu succeed to meet its members’ needs and expectations are the capability of the members to intensely communicate with each other through meetings and bawaraos (Jv, informal gathering, the great concern between members, good-example of leadership, the defense of Pangestu’s good name, and the satisfaction in experiencing meaningfulness of religious practices.[Kekeringan spiritual dan lemahnya kebersamaan di tengah dunia modern yang serba hedonistik menjadi tantangan utama bagi para pemeluk agama di Indonesia. Praktik-praktik keagamaan terlalu banyak terfokus pada aspek ritual, sehingga ajaran agama tidak mampu menghadirkan praktek-praktek keagamaan yang benar-benar bermakna. Hal ini mendorong sebagian pemeluk agama untuk melirik aliran kepercayaan dan kebatinan. Artikel ini mendeskripsikan keguyuban sosial di antara orang-orang Islam yang menjadi anggota Pangestu, sebuah aliran kepercayaan di Indonesia yang banyak menyebar terutama di kalangan masyarakat Jawa. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Pangestu di Salatiga, Jawa Tegah, mampu memenuhi kebutuhan sosial, ekonomi, dan spiritual para anggotanya. Di antara faktor yang menentukan keberhasilan Pangestu dalam memenuhi

  7. 1D and 2D Occam's Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data Applied in Volcano-Geothermal Area In Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariani, Elsi; Srigutomo, Wahyu

    2016-08-01

    One-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) magnetotelluric data inversion were conducted to reveal the subsurface resistivity structure beneath the eastern part of a volcano in Central Java, Indonesia. Fifteen magnetotelluric sounding data spanning two lines of investigation were inverted using Occam's inversion scheme. The result depict that there are extensively conductive layer (2-10 ohm meter) below the volcanic overburden. This conductive layer is interpreted as the clay cap resulted from thermal alteration. A higher resistivity layer (10-80 ohm meter) underlies the clay cap and is interpreted as the reservoir whose top boundaries vary between 1000 m above and 2000 m below sea level.

  8. Gamma-ray spectrometric dating of late Homo erectus skulls from Ngandong and Sambungmacan, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, Yuji; Falguères, Christophe; Sémah, François; Jacob, Teuku; Grün, Rainer

    2008-08-01

    Hominid fossils from Ngandong and Sambungmacan, Central Java, Indonesia, are considered to be the most anatomically derived and youngest representatives of Homo erectus. Nondestructive gamma-ray spectrometric dating of three of these Homo erectus skulls showed that all samples underwent uranium leaching. Nevertheless, we could establish minimum age estimates of around 40ka, with an upper age limit of around 60 to 70ka. This means that the Homo erectus of Java very likely survived the Toba eruption and may have been contemporaneous with the earliest Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia and Australasia.

  9. Capacity Building on Food-Crop Farming to Improve Food Production and Food Security in Central Java, Indonesia

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    Waridin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the capacity of food-crop production for improving regional food security in Central Java, Indonesia. It is also identify crops which have high and prospective economic-values. The results of the study might help in formulating a proposed model to improve food crops production in supporting food security. The case study was conducted in districts which play the important roles on agriculture (rice production in Central Java, Indonesia. These are Klaten and Magelang districts. Data were collected from farmers and officers from agriculture-related institutions. The results show that Central Java Province has the capacity on food crop (rice production for securing food availability, distribution, and accessibility for people in the region. It has a moderate on food security for the products, and surplus of production have distributed to other regions within the country. However, other food crops still facing shortage of supply since lack of productions. It requires a commitment from government and stakeholders for improving capacity building on agricultural development.

  10. Business and politics in provincial Indonesia: The batik and construction sector in Pekalongan, Central Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Savirani

    2015-01-01

    After the fall of Soeharto in 1998, and an increased connection to the global world, politics at the local level in Indonesia have changed significantly. This has contributed to a change in how business is conducted in provincial towns. This thesis explores the changing relationship between the stat

  11. Short Communication: Growth of seaweed Eucheuma cottonii in multi trophic sea farming systems at Gerupuk Bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia

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    SUKIMAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sukiman, Faturrahman, Rohyani IS, Ahyadi H. 2014. Growth of seaweed Eucheuma cottonii in multi trophic sea farming systems at Gerupuk Bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia. Nusantara Bioscience 6: 82-85. Eucheuma cottonii is a seaweed commodity that has a high economic value because it contains compounds used as raw materials for industries. Various methods of seaweed farming have been developed, one of which is a system of cultivation Multi Trophic Sea Farming. This study aimed to analyze the growth of E. cottonii by observing the production of biomass in four trophic combinations in the system Multi Trophic Sea Farming. The study was conducted in the area of the marine aquaculture Gerupuk bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia. Experiments were performed on four plots cages with trophic combination treatment as follows: K1 (E. cottonii-lobster-abalone, K2 (E. cottonii-abalone-red carp, K3 (E. cottonii-abalone-grouper, and K4 (E. cottonii-abalone-pomfret fish. Seedling of E. cottonii weighing 50 g was tied to a rope and placed at a depth of 5 cm, 50 cm, 100 cm and 150 cm. Measurement of biomass production was done every ten days until the thirtieth day. The highest biomass production of E. cottonii was obtained in K3 trophic combination (E. cottonii-abalone-grouper fish with a depth of seedlings of 5 cm. The combination of K3 trophic is recommended for cultivation of seaweed in the MTSF system.

  12. EKONOMI PEKARANGAN DI PEDESAAN JAWA

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    Dede Mulyanto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan artikel ini adalah untuk menganalisa peran pekarangan sebagai sumber ketersediaan pangan, energi rumahtangga, dan uang tunai bagi rumahtangga petani. Bagi orang Jawa lahan tidak hanya tempat bekerja mereka tetapi sebagai sebuah status sosial, ekoncomi dan politik di masyarakat. Disinilah pekarangan, sebuah lahan kecil di rumah, mengambil peran ketika petani menghadapai kesulitan ekonomi yang dikarenakan lahan garapannya tidak menguntungkan. Rumusan masalahnya adalah bagaimana karakteristik desa Wetankali dan bagaimana bentuk pemanfaatan ekonomi pekarangan yang terjadi di sana. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah etnografis disertai survei dengan kuisioner dan analisis data sekunder. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Wetankali Kecamatan Kutocilik Kabupaten Banyumas. Pekarangan bagi masyarakat Jawa merupakan benteng yang dengannya mereka dapat bertahan hidup. Pekarangan ditanami beberapa jenis tanaman ynag dapat dijual untuk menambah pendapatan rumahtangga petani. Bersaamaan dengan pertumbuhan penduduk yang naik, pekarangan berubah bentuk menjadi semakin sempit karena masyarakat lebih memilih menggunakan lahannya untuk hunian. Akibatnya, untuk rumahtangga miskin, sumber makanan pendukung dan energi murah mulai menghilang. The objective of this article is to analyse the role played by house yards or home garden as source of food storage, household energy, and cash for peasant household. For Javanese peasant, yard was not only a  place for work, but also a space to represent economy and social status. The importance of house yards is felt in difficult situation such as economic crises and corpse failure. Research questions in this anysisis are how about the characteristics of Wetankali village and how about the pattern of using home garden or home yard there. Research method used is etnography with survey using questionaire and secondary data analysis. The research was conducted in Watankali, Kutocilik Banyumas. For Javanese, yards

  13. Vector Autoregression (Var Model for Rainfall Forecast and Isohyet Mapping in Semarang – Central Java – Indonesia

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    Adi Nugroho

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural and plantation activities in Indonesia, especially in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia rely on water supply from the rainfall. The rainfall in the future is basically influenced by rainfall patterns, humidity and temperature in the past. In this case, Vector Autoregression (VAR multivariate model is applied to forecast the rainfall in the future, in which all along Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG generally uses ARIMA model (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average to carry out the same thing. The study applied the data, comprising the data of rainfall, humidity and temperature taken on a monthly basis during 2001-2013 periods from 5 measurement stations. Plotting of rainfall forecast result with VAR method is portrayed in the form of isohyet contour map to see the correlation between rainfall and coordinates of the area of the rainfall. The forecast result shows that VAR method is quite accurate to use for rainfall forecast in the study area as well as better than ARIMA method to forecast the same thing as having smaller Mean Absolute Error (MAE and Mean Absolute Percentage Error(MAPE.

  14. "I feel like half my body is clogged up": Lay models of stroke in Central Aceh, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Meriel; Allotey, Pascale; Barrett, Geraldine

    2010-11-01

    Stroke in low and middle income countries is an increasing cause of death and disability, with rates and the estimated burden considerably higher than that of high income countries. Lay explanatory models are believed to be one of the major influences on health seeking behaviour and essential to understand for appropriate education strategies. Despite stroke being a considerable health concern in Indonesia and particularly in Aceh, no studies to date have explored lay stroke models in that context. This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study informed by both hermeneutic phenomenology and ethnography. Based in rural communities in Bener Meriah and Aceh Tengah in Central Aceh, Indonesia, data were gathered through interviews, photographs and observations with 11 persons with stroke (aged 32-69 years) and 18 of their carers. Fieldwork was conducted over nine months between 2007 and 2008. The study examined lay concepts of stroke, described as a condition resulting from a local blockage in blood from multiple causes, many of which are not recognised within the biomedical frame. The blockage is understood to be reversible and therefore the condition curable. This understanding is embedded and sustained in the specific political, cultural, religious and social context. The results illustrate similarities and differences with other cross-cultural studies and suggest areas of future research and points of consideration for stroke education strategies.

  15. Effect of an Educational Intervention Related to Health and Nutrition on Pregnant Women in the Villages of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya-Erhardt, Maria; Muslimatun, Siti; Erhardt, Juergen G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of a health and nutrition educational intervention on maternal knowledge, attitudes and practices. Design: Pre- and post-test design using structured interviews of pregnant women. Setting: Thirty-nine villages in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Method: Pregnant women (N = 252) at 12-20 weeks of gestation were…

  16. Investigations of selected pathogens among village pigs in Central Papua, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugroho, Widi; Cargill, Colin Frank; Putra, I Made; Kirkwood, Roy Neville; Trott, Darren John; Salasia, Siti Isrina Oktavia; Slipranata, Mitra; Reichel, Michael Philipp

    2016-01-01

    Village pig husbandry is an important part of livestock production in Papua Province, Eastern Indonesia. However, high level of disease and mortality constrains production. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the selected pathogens in village pigs in the Jayawijaya Region of Papua Province, Indonesia. Two studies were conducted: Study 1 determined the prevalence of selected pathogens in dead or moribund pigs sent to the main local market for sale. Study 2 recorded the prevalence of the selected pathogens, on pig farms in the Subdistrict of Wamena that had not recorded a case of pig mortality during the duration of Study 1. Blood samples of individuals from both groups were tested for CSF antigen and antibody, as well as antibody against PCV2. Organs with evident pathological changes from Study 1 and tonsilar swabs from Study 2 were subjected to bacteriological culture and identification of Streptococcus suis and Streptococcus zooepidemicus. Faecal samples from both studies were examined for eggs of strongyle parasites, Trichuris suis, Ascaris suum, Strongyloides ransomi and coccidia. The main infections in both studies were CSF, PCV2 and strongyle parasites, but prevalence was higher in Study 1 (P pigs in Study 1, but rare in healthy pigs (P pig farms in Jayawijaya. Local pig husbandry practices, such as confining pigs and heat-treating pig feeds, may be practical solutions to help minimize infection in village pigs in Jayawijaya.

  17. SIMULTANEOUS SMALLPOX AND B.C.G. VACCINATION IN INDONESIA

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    Nyoman Kumara Rai

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Vaksinasi cacar dan BCG mulai diberikan secara simultan di Jawa dan Bali pada bulan April 1972 vaksinasi cacar diberikan pada lengan kiri dan BCG pada lengan kanan. Secara berangsur-angsur prograi ini kemudian diperluas kedaerah luar Jawa-Bali, sehingga pada akhir tahun 1973 sudah mencakup seluruh Indonesia. Tenaga yang digunakan adalah para juru cacar yang sudah ada dalam rangka proyek pembasmian penyakit cacar yang dimulai tahun 1968, dan terdapat hampir disemua kecamatan diseluru Indonesia. Ide untuk menggabungkan kedua jenis vaksinasi ini yang kebetulan mempunyai target sam (anak2 0 - 14 thn  timbul setelah penderita cacar tidak dilaporkan lagi dibulan September 1971 (ternyata kemudian letusan cacar terakhir adalah dibulan Desember 1971. Sampai saat itu vaksina BCG dilakukan oleh petugas Puskesmas dan tenaga part timer. Ternyata target tidak pernah tercapa hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh terbatasnya waktu yang tersedia untuk melakukan vaksinasi BCC sehingga para tenaga part timer tsb. hanya mampu mencakup daerah disekitar Puskesmas dan sekolah dasar. Sebelumnya telah diadakan dua trial; yang pertama diadakan di Bandung untuk melihat at tidaknya saling pengaruh mempengaruhi antara kedua jenis vaksin cacar dan BCG bila diberikan pat saat yang bersamaan, sedangkain trial kedua dilakukan untuk menilai kemampuan juru cacar dala melaksanakan vaksinasi BCG serta kesukaran! yang dijumpai dilapangan (masing2 didua kabupaten (Jawa Tengah, Timur dan Yogyakarta. Disamping keuntungan yang diperoleh dari penggabungan kedua jenis vaksinasi ini yakni penghematan tenaga, biaya dan waktu, dijumpai juga beberapa kesukaran antara lain pengumpulan anak2, supply vaksin BCG yang tidak teratur dll. Walaupun demikian, di Jawa dan Bali hasil vaksinasi BCG antara April 1972 sampai dengan April 1973 menunjukkan kenaikan out-put leb dari 4 kali lipat bila dibandingkan dengan out-put sebelum penggabungan, meskipun out-put prin vaksinasi cacar mempunyai tendensi menurun

  18. Comparative morphological and morphometric description of the hominin calvaria from Bukuran (Sangiran, Central Java, Indonesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaud-Hervé, Dominique; Widianto, Harry; Détroit, Florent; Sémah, François

    2012-11-01

    We describe the hominin skull (called here "Bukuran") discovered in the lower Kabuh (or "Bapang") series near Sendangbusik, from the Bukuran area in the Sangiran dome. The fossil, heavily mineralized, consists of the parieto-occipital and the left temporal, and the frontal bones. When combined, those two cranial parts represent a rather complete and well-preserved calvaria. Its stratigraphic position was established after the discovery. A detailed description is presented of the morphological and metric features of the Bukuran calvaria, and comparisons are made with Asian Homo erectus from Indonesia and China. The estimated cranial capacity of Bukuran, the general shape of its cranial vault, its ectocranial structures, and its morphological and metrical characters are in the range of Asian Homo erectus, and show clear affinities with other Indonesian members of the species. We discuss the evolutionary status of the Bukuran calvaria and its implication for hominin history on Java.

  19. Valuasi Ekonomi Hutan Mangrove di Pulau Untung Jawa Kepulauan Seribu : Studi Konservasi Berbasis Green Economy

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    Dandy E Prasetiyo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Promoting forest as one of green economy asset in Indonesia become an important agenda in the process of development. Forests have an important role as a source of foreign exchange and also as a form of natural resource wealth. The era of globalization with the accelerated economic growth increases the need for both, the fields of agriculture, infrastructure, land requirements and other sectors. Increased human needs are giving a positive correlation to the increased pressure on forests. Mangrove forests as one of the most productive ecosystems in the world are also experiencing the same threat. The expansion of settlements and ponds in coastal areas lead to degradation of mangrove forests is very high. The economic value of mangrove forests of diverse functions such as shoreline protection, habitat for aquatic organisms, carbon storage, and a variety of other functions has not been a lot of concern to the public and policy makers. This study aimed to quantify the economic value of mangrove forests in Untung Jawa Island, Thousand Islands as an effort to support the government's program to realize the green economy in the forestry sector. Method of economic calculation mangrove forests in this research is to calculate the Total Economic Value / Total Economic Valuation (TEV, which consists of direct use values (Direct Use Value and indirect use values (Indirect Use Value. The results showed that the direct use value of mangrove forests in Untung Jawa Island is Rp. 395,126,912 which includes the value of timber, fruit value, and the value of the fishery, while the indirect use value is Rp. 7,500,600,000 calculated from the value of coastal protection, the value of foraging, conservation value, educational value, and recreational value. The total economic value (total economic value of mangrove forests in Untung Jawa Island reached Rp. 7,895,726,912 Keywords : mangrove, green economy, total economic valuation

  20. Geological Control on Stability of Excavated Rock Slope at Jeruklegi Claystone Quarry, Cilacap Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukuoka, Hiroshi; Dok, Atitkagna; Pramumijoyo, Subagyo; Faisal Fathani, Teuku

    2010-05-01

    PT. Holcim Indonesia Tbk is a well-known company for cement production in Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia. In cement manufacturing, certain raw materials such as limestone, claystone and other supplementary materials are required. In a mean time, the company is conducting claystone mining to support the cement industry. Currently, the exploitation has covered the area of approximately 103 ha. Due to the increment need of more claystone to achieve the expecting amount of cement production, the company plans to extend existing mining site up to 250 ha with maximum depth of +10m above the sea level. However, such development may eventually lead to major slope failures which essentially affect the sustainability and the safety of the mine. Understanding that various negative impacts may appear during the mining operation, which possibly result in personal injury, potential life loss, property damage and other socio-economic consequences, it is crucial to assess slope stability conditions of the mining pit to ensure safety of the mine. The study is mainly focused on analysis of the rock mass behaviours under specific geological control and earthquake trigger through the application of finite element method. Based on the assessment result, the zone where covered by discontinuous rock mass, absorbent lithology and steep slope geometry in combination with presence of groundwater, is estimated to be potential to slope movement in form of rock falls and/or rock slides which could be possibly predicted to occur as a consequence of heavy rainfall intensity, un-controlled slope excavation and ground vibration. And, the stable slope inclination is suggested not to be steeper than 60˚, with the maximum width of 3m and maximum height of 6m.

  1. Human health risk assessment of mercury vapor around artisanal small-scale gold mining area, Palu city, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakazawa, Koyomi; Nagafuchi, Osamu; Kawakami, Tomonori; Inoue, Takanobu; Yokota, Kuriko; Serikawa, Yuka; Cyio, Basir; Elvince, Rosana

    2016-02-01

    Emissions of elemental mercury, Hg(0), from artisanal small-scale gold mining activities accounted for 37% of total global Hg(0) emissions in 2010. People who live near gold-mining areas may be exposed to high concentrations of Hg(0). Here, we assessed the human health risk due to Hg(0) exposure among residents of Palu city (Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia). The area around the city has more than 60t of gold reserves, and the nearby Poboya area is the most active gold-mining site in Indonesia. Owing to its geography, the city experiences alternating land and sea breezes. Sampling was done over a period of 3 years (from 2010 Aug. to 2012 Dec.) intermittently with a passive sampler for Hg(0), a portable handheld mercury analyzer, and a mercury analyzer in four areas of the city and in the Poboya gold-processing area, as well as wind speeds and directions in one area of the city. The 24-h average concentration, wind speed, and wind direction data show that the ambient air in both the gold-processing area and the city was always covered by high concentration of mercury vapor. The Hg(0) concentration in the city was higher at night than in the daytime, owing to the effect of land breezes. These results indicate that the inhabitants of the city were always exposed to high concentrations of Hg(0). The average daytime point-sample Hg(0) concentrations in the city, as measured with a handheld mercury analyzer over 3 days in July 2011, ranged from 2096 to 3299ngm(-3). In comparison, the average daytime Hg(0) concentration in the Poboya gold-processing area was 12,782ngm(-3). All of these concentrations are substantially higher than the World Health Organization air-quality guideline for annual average Hg exposure (1000ngm(-3)). We used the point-sample concentrations to calculate hazard quotient ratios by means of a probabilistic risk assessment method. The results indicated that 93% of the sample population overall was at risk (hazard quotient ratio ≥1 and cut off at

  2. STUDI KOLEKSI REFERENSI RESERVOIR PENYAKIT DI DAERAH ENZOOTIK PES DI JAWA BARAT DAN JAWA TIMUR

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    Ristiyanto -

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHReservoir Reference Study Collection Disease, particularly rats have been conducted in several areas such as the enzootic plague area in the district of Nongkojajar, Pasuruan, East Java and Ciwidey district, Bandung regency, West Java. These were organized in May-October 2007. The method used for the collection and reference reservoir of disease is rodentia survey methods. Result of the reference collection reservoir of disease is the house rat Rattus tanezumi Nongkojajar found either in the of Pasuruan, East Java (3 rats and the District of Ciwidey (4 rats. Polynesian rat R. exulans, three rats were only found in the District Nongkojajar, whereas three rats R. tiomanicus, three rats were found in Ciwidey. In addition another types of mice were also found 1 Insectivora mice Suncus murinus in the District Ciwidey. Type of rats captured in habitat homes in the District Ciwidey Bandung regency, West Java and Pasuruan, East Java is the same type, namely house rat Rattus tanezumi. Types of mice caught in the habitat garden in the District Ciwidey Bandung regency, West Java (tiomanicus R. tree rats were different from mice found in Pasuruan, East Java (Polynesian rat R. exulans. Local environment in plague enzootic area in Pasuruan, East Java is mountainous and forest conservation area Bromo-Tengger, while District Ciwidey, Bandung is the highland tourism areas / mountainous and agricultural areas.INDONESIAKoleksi referensi reservoir penyakit khususnya tikus telah dilakukan di beberapa daerah enzootik pes seperti di Kecamatan Nongkojajar, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur dan Kecamatan Ciwidey, Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat. Kegiatan tersebut dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei-Oktober 2007. Metode yang digunakan untuk koleksi dan referensi reservoir penyakit adalah metode survei rodensia. Hasil koleksi referensi reservoir penyakit adalah tikus rumah Rattus tanezumi ditemukan baik di Kecamatan Nongkojajar, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur (3 ekor maupun

  3. Latar as the Central Point of Houses Group Unit: Identifiability for Spatial Structure in Kasongan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

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    T. Yoyok Wahyu Subroto

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The massive spatial expansion of the city into the rural area in recent decades has caused such problems as related to the spatial exploitation in villages surrounding. This raises a question of whether the open space change into land coverage building may have a spatial structure implication on settlement growth and evolution process in the villages surrounding. This paper reports a case study of Kasongan village in Bantul regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia in between 1973-2010 in which the problem refers to the discussion of spatial structure is rarely addressed especially in village’s settlement growth and evolution analysis. The bound axis which consists of 4 (four quadrants and one intersection refers to the reference axes in a Cartesian Coordinate System (CCS is used to analyze the setting of the houses group unit around 4 areas/ quadrants. Through such spatial process analysis by means spatial structure approach, the continuity of latar (yard, in the central of houses group unit is detected. There is finding from this research that the latar which exists in ‘the central point’ of houses group unit in Kasongan during 4 decades significantly becomes the prominent factor of the basic spatial structure. It composes the houses group unit in Kasongan.

  4. INITIAL SCREENING OF FAST-GROWING TREE SPECIES BEING TOLERANT OF DRY TROPICAL PEATLANDS IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

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    Hideyuki Saito

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available An investigation of the recruit, survivorship and growth of naturally regenerating tree species on canal bank was conducted to  select tree species which are suitable for preceding planting in drained and burnt peat swamp lands in  Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.  Top of  the canal bank were open, with greater soil moisture  deficit and higher soil temperatures than on the next intact forest floor. The abundant  trees were asam-asam (Ploiarium alternifolium,garunggang (Cratoxylon arborescens and tumih (Combretocarpus rotundatus. New regeneration of these trees on the canal bank was confirmed during this investigation and mortality was very low. These results indicated that P. alternifolium,C. arborescens and C. rotundatuswere tolerant of intensive radiation, soil drought and high soil temperatures during germination. The annual height increments  were 189-232  cm y-1 (P. alternifolium,118-289  cm y-1  (C. arborescensand 27-255 cm y-1   (C. rotundatus; thus, these three species could be classified as fast-growing with tolerance to open and dry conditions.  Such characteristics were important to avoid competition with herbs, ferns,and/ or climbers. The results·suggest that P.alternifolium,C. arborescens and C. rotundatusare suitable for preceding planting for the rehabilitation of the disturbed peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan.

  5. Penerapan Analisis Input Output dan ANP dalam Penentuan Prioritas Pengembangan Sub Sektor Industri di Jawa Timur

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    Try Mardiantony

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Struktur perekonomian wilayah yang relatif maju ditandai oleh semakin besarnya peran sektor industri dan jasa dalam menopang perekonomian wilayah tersebut. Sektor ini telah menggantikan peran sektor pertanian dalam penyerapan tenaga kerja dan sumber pendapatan wilayah. Namun, kontribusi sektor industri terhadap PDB terus menurun hingga 24,11% pada triwulan I 2011. Harapan baru bagi industri nasional muncul ketika pemerintah mengeluarkan kebijakan Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia (MP3EI di bulan Mei 2011. Salah satu dari 3 strategi utama MP3EI adalah mengembangkan koridor-koridor ekonomi sebagai pusat pertumbuhan ekonomi. Pulau Jawa sebagai salah satu koridor difokuskan sebagai pendorong industri dan jasa nasional. Jawa Timur sebagai provinsi yang memiliki pertumbuhan ekonomi di atas pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional memiliki peran penting dalam mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi secara keseluruhan. Pemilihan sektor industri yang potensial menjadi penting karena keterbatasan sumber daya yang dimiliki, di antaranya sumber daya manusia, sumber daya alam, teknologi, dan finansial. Kriteria yang digunakan untuk menentukan sektor industri unggulan yaitu: share output; share PDRB; keterkaitan; dampak multiplier; serta pertumbuhan sektoral. Sektor industri yang terpilih akan dilakukan analisis SWOT yang dikombinasikan dengan metode ANP untuk menentukan strategi pengembangan yang paling tepat untuk diterapkan

  6. River responses to the 2010 major eruption of the Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gob, Frédéric; Gautier, Emmanuèle; Virmoux, Clément; Grancher, Delphine; Tamisier, Vincent; Primanda, Kiki Widyaputra; Wibowo, Sandy Budi; Sarrazin, Caroline; de Belizal, Edouard; Ville, Anouk; Lavigne, Franck

    2016-11-01

    This study examines the fluvial readjustment of a Javanese river impacted by the major eruption of the Merapi volcano (Indonesia) in October and November 2010. The basin of the Opak River, located on the southern flank of the Merapi, was subject to substantial sediment input related to massive pyroclastic deposits that were remobilized by numerous lahars during the year after the eruption. Two study sites were equipped in order to evaluate the morphodynamic evolution of the riverbed of the Opak River. Topographic surveys, bedload particle marking, and suspended sediment sampling revealed an important sediment mobilization during efficient flash floods. Surprisingly, no bed aggradation related to the progradation of a sediment wave was observed. Two years after the eruptive event, marked bed incision was observed. The Opak River readjustment differs from that of other fluvial systems affected by massive eruptions in two ways. Firstly, local population extracted the sand and blocks injected by the eruption as they represent a valuable economic resource. Secondly, several dams trapped the major part of the sediment load remobilized by lahars.

  7. Geological structure of central Java, Indonesia from ambient seismic noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zulhan, Z.; Saygin, E.; Cummins, P. R.; Widiyantoro, S.; Nugraha, A. D.

    2012-12-01

    Geological structure in the region of central Java is very important for understanding its tectonic setting. The presence of several active volcanoes such as Mt. Merapi, Mt. Sumbing and Mt. Lawu, as well as the Kendeng Basin and Opak fault all contribute to the complex geology of central Java. Understanding some of the characteristics of the geological structure can be improved using a geophysical approach such as seismic tomography. In this study we show the image of the subsurface in central Java obtained from ambient seismic noise tomography. We use simultaneously operated 134 short period and broadband seismometers from the Merapi Amphibious Experiment (MERAMEX) network covering a region of 150 x 200 km around central Java and Yogyakarta. More than 5000 Rayleigh wave component of the Green's function are extracted from cross-correlations of available station pairs. We filter the retrieved Green's functions with a phase-matched filter to measure Rayleigh wave group dispersion at periods between 0.5 and 20 s. We apply a 2-D nonlinear iterative tomographic method for inverting the measured travel times. The results are then used to create group velocity perturbation maps. The velocity perturbation maps show a high correlation with local tectonic features. The Kendeng basin and active volcanoes in the central part of central Java are clearly imaged with lower group velocities and the southern part has the carbonate region is marked with higher group velocities.

  8. Kajian Potensi Kerugian Akibat Penggunaan BBM pada PLTG dan PLTGU di Sistem Jawa Bali

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    Luqman Nur Imansyah

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Dalam pengoperasian sistem tenaga lisrik perlu dilakukan peminimalan biaya operasi atau fuel cost. Tujuannya agar daya beban tetap terpenuhi, sedangkan biaya operasi dapat ditekan.  Faktor yang menjadi pertimbangan dalam meminimalkan biaya operasi adalah harga bahan bakar. Selama ini pemakaian Bahan Bakar Minyak (BBM dalam pengoperasian pembangkit listrik menimbulkan kerugian dari sisi biaya operasi. Hal tersebut dikarenakan potensi gas alam yang dalam penggunaannya lebih efisien dan murah oleh pemerintah Indonesia lebih dikhususkan untuk kebutuhan ekspor. Maka, kajian didalam tugas akhir ini ialah mengenai seberapa besar dampak kerugian penggunaan BBM pada pembangkit listrik. Alasan PLTG dan PLTGU dipilih yaitu karena pembangkit ini memiliki efisiensi thermal yang tinggi, sehingga dapat menggunakan bahan bakar dari berbagai jenis minyak. Dynamic Optimal Power Flow (DOPF dipakai untuk menghitung biaya operasi dengan menggunakan metode Quadratic Programming. DOPF dilakukan dengan menggunakan program Matpower dan software matlab. Sistem yang digunakan yaitu  PLTG dan PLTGU yang beroperasi pada sistem kelistrikan Jawa Bali 500 kV.

  9. STRUKTUR, ESTETIKA, DAN PERUBAHAN KONTEKS DALAM WACANA PIDATO UPACARA PERKAWINAN MASYARAKAT JAWA

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    Mulyana Mulyana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe language use in a wedding ceremony in terms of linguistic elements making a speech discourse possess Javanese literary esthetics and expressions of contexts and changes occurring in wedding ceremonies conducted by Javanese people. This study employed a sociolinguistic approach involving discourse analysis. It used data obtained from wedding ceremony speeches. The speeches were documented directly from Javanese wedding ceremonies in the area of Yogyakarta. The results of the data analysis are as follows. First, the spoken languages in Javanese wedding ceremonies include Javanese, Indonesian, and a mixed language called Jawindo (Jawa-Indonesia. Second, there are a variety of esthetic elements employed in wedding speech discourse. Third, changes in wedding speech discourse result from the underlying contexts.

  10. Impact of a social marketing campaign promoting dark-green leafy vegetables and eggs in central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pee, S; Bloem, M W; Satoto; Yip, R; Sukaton, A; Tjiong, R; Shrimpton, R; Muhilal; Kodyat, B

    1998-01-01

    In order to work towards further reduction of vitamin A deficiency in central Java, Indonesia, a social marketing campaign promoting eggs and dark-green leafy vegetables was initiated in March 1996. The nutritional surveillance system (December 1995-December 1996) found the following. The campaign's messages were well noticed. Consumption of at least one egg in the past week increased from 80% to 92% in mothers and from 78% to 92% in children 12-36 months old. It increased in all socio-economic groups and was independent of ownership of chickens. Most eggs had been purchased. The quantity of vegetables prepared increased from 93 to 111 g/person daily and most was purchased. Vitamin A intake increased from 335 to 371 RE/d for mothers and from 130 to 160 RE/d for children. Serum retinol levels increased after the start of the campaign, and were related to egg consumption and vitamin A intake. Because 1. data were collected in such a way that respondents were not aware of the link between data collected and the campaign, and 2. vitamin A status increased and was related to increased consumption of eggs and vitamin A intake, we conclude that the social marketing campaign was successful.

  11. Field based geothermal exploration: Structural controls in the Tarutung Basin/North Central Sumatra (Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nukman, M.; Moeck, I.

    2012-04-01

    two million years due to the increase in sea-floor spreading rate of the Indian-Australian plate. The combination of regional clockwise rotation of Sumatra with local clockwise rotation caused by simple shear along the dextral SFS might generate the complex fault pattern which controls fluid flow of thermal water and placement of hot springs. Acknowledgements : Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst, DAAD. German Ministry for Education and Research, BMBF. Badan Geologi - KESDM Bandung, Indonesia.

  12. Stability of rain forest margin areas in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia (Storma)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keßler, P.J.A.

    2002-01-01

    The German Research Council (DFG) supports an extensive interdisciplinary research programme to be implemented in the area of the Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi. The first phase of the programme is scheduled for 3 years (July 2000-June 2003). Up to four successive phases of 3 years’ dura

  13. Analysis of viral protein-2 encoding gene of avian encephalomyelitis virus from field specimens in Central Java region, Indonesia

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    Aris Haryanto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Avian encephalomyelitis (AE is a viral disease which can infect various types of poultry, especially chicken. In Indonesia, the incidence of AE infection in chicken has been reported since 2009, the AE incidence tends to increase from year to year. The objective of this study was to analyze viral protein 2 (VP-2 encoding gene of AE virus (AEV from various species of birds in field specimen by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR amplification using specific nucleotides primer for confirmation of AE diagnosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 13 AEV samples are isolated from various species of poultry which are serologically diagnosed infected by AEV from some areas in central Java, Indonesia. Research stage consists of virus samples collection from field specimens, extraction of AEV RNA, amplification of VP-2 protein encoding gene by RT-PCR, separation of RT-PCR product by agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA sequencing and data analysis. Results: Amplification products of the VP-2 encoding gene of AEV by RT-PCR methods of various types of poultry from field specimens showed a positive results on sample code 499/4/12 which generated DNA fragment in the size of 619 bp. Sensitivity test of RT-PCR amplification showed that the minimum concentration of RNA template is 127.75 ng/μl. The multiple alignments of DNA sequencing product indicated that positive sample with code 499/4/12 has 92% nucleotide homology compared with AEV with accession number AV1775/07 and 85% nucleotide homology with accession number ZCHP2/0912695 from Genbank database. Analysis of VP-2 gene sequence showed that it found 46 nucleotides difference between isolate 499/4/12 compared with accession number AV1775/07 and 93 nucleotides different with accession number ZCHP2/0912695. Conclusions: Analyses of the VP-2 encoding gene of AEV with RT-PCR method from 13 samples from field specimen generated the DNA fragment in the size of 619 bp from one sample with

  14. PENGARUH BENTUK ATAP BANGUNAN TRADISIONAL DI JAWA TENGAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KENYAMANAN (Sebuah pencarian model arsitektur tropis untuk aplikasi desain arsitektur

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    Ridwan Sanjaya

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the architectural development recently, form of Java traditional roof is still commonly interested. While it is full of philosophic value, form of Java traditional roof also varies. On the other hand, Java traditional architecture concerns deeply in environmental aspect, which is formed in macro and micro concept as well, in order to become harmony and be comfort to dwell in. However, in the development and the application to modern buildings, which uses modern building materials, the thermal comfort aspect and the sturdy of construction are not considered. Therefore, it is necessary to understand well the basic concept of the forming traditional architecture in the context of trophical architecture and the sturdy of construction.This research aims to give descriptions to society, students and architects, in order to understand the importantance of thermal comfort, which can be achieved by well-designed roof.To achieve the expected result, the research is approached through analizing the sturdy of construction, to the original traditional buildings and the modern buildings using the Java traditional roof as well. The thermal comfort analysis is done with some equipments such as digital thermometer, digital hygrometer and digital anemometer. The research result is design recommendation to adjust the modern material to the form of Java traditional roof. By computer program using Visual Basic, it is expected that the research will be easily understood by society and it can be applied in building design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam perkembangan arsitektur saat ini, bentuk atap tradisional Jawa masih diminati oleh masyarakat. Selain sarat muatan filosofis, bentuk atap tradisional juga bervariasi. Di sisi lain, arsitektur tradisional Jawa sangat memperhatikan aspek lingkungan, yang tertuang dalam konsep makro dan mikro kosmosnya, sehingga selaras dan nyaman untuk dihuni. Namun dalam perkembangan dan penerapan pada bangunan modern, yang

  15. GAMBARAN UMUM SEKTOR UNGGULAN DAN KONTRIBUSI SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR (OLAH DATA TABEL INPUT-OUTPUT PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR TAHUN 2010

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    Azizatun Nurhayati

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan daerah dilakukan dengan memaksimalkan potensi sumber daya yang ada di suatu daerah. Karena sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia adalah petani, maka penting untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap perekonomian suatu daerah. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap multiplier output, pengganda pendapatan, dan pengganda tenaga kerja. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Analisis Input Output yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komoditas tebu berada pada kuadran II, Dari keseluruhan data di atas maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 Komoditas tebu dapat mendorong berkembangnya industri gula di Jawa Timur, (2 di sektor peternakan, subsektor yang dapat dikembangkan adalah pakan ternak, pemotongan hewan, sapi, kambing dan domba, serta ayam (3 di sektor pengolahan subsektor pengolahan es krim, beras, dan penggilingan padi serta rokok. Abstract Local development is held by maximizing potential resources in a particular region. In addition, most of Indonesian people are farmers so it’s important to identify the agriculural contribution in local economic. The aim of this study are to study the contribution of agriculture in ouput multiplier, income multiplier, and employment multiplier. The method which was used in this research was input-output analysis based on Badan Pusat Statistik East Java Province’s data in 2010. From the analysis, we can conclude that the sugarcane was formed in the second quadrant, in which (1sugarcane comodity promoted the sugar industry in East Java Province (2 in livestock subsector, the woof of livestock industry, animals truncation, sheeps, goats, and chicken husbandry (poultry were potentially to be developed (3 in processing subsector which was based on agriculture product, ice cream and processing, rice milling and cigarette were potentially to be developed.

  16. PUJA CARU PADA MASYARAKAT JAWA KUNA

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    Hariani Santiko

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The offering known as caru or macaru is still done in Bali. This macaru in Bali is actually blood sacrifice offered to the lords of the demonds (bebutan or butabala before the Balinese doing a special ritual for instance the Nyepi ceremony. The most important caru is called “caru mancasanak”, they sacrifice animals and other ingredients. The word caru is known in Old-Javanese inscriptions and Old-Javanese/Middle-Javanese texts among others are the Adiparwa, Rāmāyana, Sutasoma, Korawasrama, Calon Arang. However no special explanation on the meaning of the word caru and its rituals.   Keywords: pūjā caru, ambhūtayajña, buburpēhan, pindapitryājña, kunda, homayajña, skul-dinyun.   Korban yang dikenal sebagai caru atau macaru masih dilakukan di Bali. Hal ini macaru di Bali sebenarnya darah pengorbanan yang ditawarkan kepada raja butha (bebutan atau butabala sebelum Bali melakukan ritual khusus misalnya upacara Nyepi. Yang paling penting adalah caru disebut "caru mancasanak", mereka mengorbankan hewan dan bahan lainnya. Kata caru dikenal di prasasti Jawa kuno dan karya sastra Jawa Kuno/Jawa Tengah antara lain adalah Adiparwa, Ramayana, Sutasoma, Korawasrama, Calon Arang. Namun tidak ada penjelasan khusus arti kata caru dan ritualnya. kata kunci: pūjā caru, ambhūtayajña, buburpēhan, pindapitryājña, Kunda, homayajña, skul-dinyun.  

  17. Upper crustal structure of central Java, Indonesia, from transdimensional seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zulfakriza, Z.; Saygin, E.; Cummins, P. R.; Widiyantoro, S.; Nugraha, A. D.; Lühr, B.-G.; Bodin, T.

    2014-04-01

    Delineating the crustal structure of central Java is crucial for understanding its complex tectonic setting. However, seismic imaging of the strong heterogeneity typical of such a tectonically active region can be challenging, particularly in the upper crust where velocity contrasts are strongest and steep body wave ray paths provide poor resolution. To overcome these difficulties, we apply the technique of ambient noise tomography (ANT) to data collected during the Merapi Amphibious Experiment (MERAMEX), which covered central Java with a temporary deployment of over 120 seismometers during 2004 May-October. More than 5000 Rayleigh wave Green's functions were extracted by cross-correlating the noise simultaneously recorded at available station pairs. We applied a fully non-linear 2-D Bayesian probabilistic inversion technique to the retrieved traveltimes. Features in the derived tomographic images correlate well with previous studies, and some shallow structures that were not evident in previous studies are clearly imaged with ANT. The Kendeng Basin and several active volcanoes appear with very low group velocities, and anomalies with relatively high velocities can be interpreted in terms of crustal sutures and/or surface geological features.

  18. FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PDRB KABUPATEN / KOTA JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2008-2012

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    Yozi Aulia Rahman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi merupakan kondisi utama bagi kelangsungan pembangunan ekonomi daerah. Untuk mengukur kemajuan perekonomian daerah dengan mengamati seberapa besar laju pertumbuhan ekonomi yang dicapai daerah tersebut yang tercermin dari kenaikan Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB. PDRBKabupaten/Kota di Jawa Tengah selama tahun 2008- 2012 mengalami pertumbuhan karena banyak yang mempengaruhinya, seperti: Tabungan, Kredit, PAD dan Belanja Daerah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar faktor-faktor tersebut mempengaruhi tingkat PDRB kabupaten/Kota di Jawa Tengah selama tahun 2008-2012. Variabel dependen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah PDRB, sedangkan variabel-variabel independen yaitu Tabungan, Kredit, Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD dan Belanja Daerah. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi linear berganda melalui metode OLS dengan menggunakan data    time series 2008  –2012 dan data crosssection 35 kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah atau yang dimaksud dengan data panel. Pengujian model dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode FixedEffect. Hasil estimasi menunjukkan bahwa hasil analisis regresi pada α=5%menunjukkan bahwa secara parsial  variabel tabungan   dan kredit berpengaruh signifikan, sedangkan variabel PAD, dan Belanja Daerah tidak signifikan terhadap PDRB kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2008–2012. High economic growth is the main condition for the continuation of regional economic development. To measure the progress of the regional economy, observation on the economyc growth rate in each area can be conducted. It is reflected in the increase of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP. The increase of GDP of regency/city in Central Java during the year of 2008- 2012 was influenced by several factors such as savings, credit, local generated revenue (PAD, and Expenditure. This study intends to analyze the affect of these factors to the level of GDP on districts

  19. Pemanfaatan Biji Asam Jawa (Tamarindus indica) Sebagai Koagulan Alternatif Dalam Proses Penjernihan Limbah Cair Industri tahu

    OpenAIRE

    Bernard Enrico

    2009-01-01

    Pemanfaatan biji asam jawa yang selama ini hanya sebagai limbah yang jarang digunakan perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut untuk pengolahan limbah cair, yang lebih ekonomis dan ramah lingkungan. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh biji asam jawa sebagai koagulan, pH limbah cair industri tahu, ukuran partikel biji asam jawa dan kombinasi biji asam jawa dengan alum terhadap persentase penurunan turbiditas, TSS dan COD limbah cair industri tahu dengan menggunakan metode koagulasi-flokulasi...

  20. Restoring State Control Over Forest Resources Through Administrative Procedures: Evidence From a Community Forestry Programme in Central Java, Indonesia

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    Ahmad Maryudi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, community forestry has emerged as a means to reform power constellations with regard to forest governance. Through community forestry, the central state promised to devolve several forest rights to local communities and encouraged them to get involved in decision making processes and the implementation of forest activities. However, experience in some countries indicates that the implementation of community forestry programmes is rarely followed by genuine power devolution to local forest users. Instead, these programmes may even serve as a means to retain or restore the central state’s control over forests. Using a case study of a community forestry programme implemented in Java, Indonesia, by a state forest company, this paper argues that the implementation of community forestry is also driven by the state’s interests to regain control over the forests. Research in eight villages in Central Java province reveals that the community forestry programmes are carefully structured according to numerous administrative procedures and estab- lish a mode of control through a bureaucratic design. ----- In den letzten Jahren hat sich community forestry als Mittel zur Reform von Machtkonstellationen in Bezug auf die Verwaltung von Wäldern herausgebildet. Der Zentralstaat versprach durch community forestry bestimmte Waldrechte an lokale Communities abzugeben und ermutigte sie, sich an Entscheidungsprozessen und der Implementierung von Forstaktivitäten zu beteiligen. Erfahrungen in einigen Ländern zeigen jedoch, dass die Implementierung von community forestry-Programmen selten mit einem tatsächlichen Machttransfer an lokale ForstnutzerInnen einhergeht, sondern diese Programme sogar als Mittel zur Rückgewinnung von zentralstaatlicher Kontrolle über Wälder dienen können. Anhand eines Fallbeispiels eines community forestry-Programms, das in Java, Indonesien, von einem staatlichen Forstunternehmen implementiert wird, argumentiere ich

  1. Modelling rainfall interception in unlogged and logged forest areas of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

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    C. Asdak

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Rainfall interception losses were monitored for twelve months and related to vegetation and rainfall characteristics at the Wanariset Sangai on the upper reaches of the Mentaya river, Central Kalimantan. The rainfall interception losses were quantified for one hectare each of unlogged and logged humid tropical rainforests. The results show that interception loss is higher in the unlogged forest (11% of total gross rainfall than in the logged forest (6%. Interception loss was also simulated by the modified Rutter model and Gash's original and revised models. Both the Rutter and revised Gash models predicted total interception loss over a long period adequately, and resulted in estimates of the interception loss that deviated by 6 to 14% of the measured values, for both the unlogged and logged plots.

  2. Kinematic Analysis of Fault-Slip Data in the Central Range of Papua, Indonesia

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    Benyamin Sapiie

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Cenozoic tectonic evolution in New Guinea is a result of obliquely convergent motion that ledto an arc-continent collision between the Australian and Pacific Plates. The Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg Mining District(GBMD is located in the Central Range of Papua, in the western half of the island of New Guinea. This study presentsthe results of detailed structural mapping concentrated on analyzing fault-slip data along a 15-km traverse of theHeavy Equipment Access Trail (HEAT and the Grasberg mine access road, providing new information concerning thedeformation in the GBMD and the Cenozoic structural evolution of the Central Range. Structural analysis indicatesthat two distinct stages of deformation have occurred since ~12 Ma. The first stage generated a series of en-echelonNW-trending (π-fold axis = 300° folds and a few reverse faults. The second stage resulted in a significant left-lateralstrike-slip faulting sub-parallel to the regional strike of upturned bedding. Kinematic analysis reveals that the areasbetween the major strike-slip faults form structural domains that are remarkably uniform in character. The changein deformation styles from contractional to a strike-slip offset is explained as a result from a change in the relativeplate motion between the Pacific and Australian Plates at ~4 Ma. From ~4 - 2 Ma, transform motion along an ~ 270°trend caused a left-lateral strike-slip offset, and reactivated portions of pre-existing reverse faults. This action had aprofound effect on magma emplacement and hydrothermal activity.

  3. Simulating on water storage and pump capacity of "Kencing" river polder system in Kudus regency, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahyudi, Slamet Imam; Adi, Henny Pratiwi; Santoso, Esti; Heikoop, Rick

    2017-03-01

    Settlement in the Jati District, Kudus Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia, is growing rapidly. Previous paddy fields area turns into new residential, industrial and office buildings. The rain water collected in small Kencing river that flows into big Wulan River. But the current condition, during high rain intensity Wulan river water elevation higher than the Kencing river, so that water can not flow gravity and the area inundated. To reduce the flooding, required polder drainage system by providing a long channel as water storage and pumping water into Wulan river. How to get optimal value of water storage volume, drainage system channels and the pump capacity? The result used to be efficient in the operation and maintenance of the polder system. The purpose of this study is to develop some scenarios water storage volume, water gate operation and to get the optimal value of operational pumps removing water from the Kencing River to Wulan River. Research Method is conducted by some steps. The first step, it is done field orientation in detail, then collecting secondary data including maps and rainfall data. The map is processed into Watershed or catchment area, while the rainfall data is processed into runoff discharge. Furthermore, the team collects primary data by measuring topography to determine the surface and volume of water storage. The analysis conducted to determine of flood discharge, water channel hydraulics, water storage volume and pump capacity corresponding. Based on the simulating of long water storage volume and pump capacity with some scenario trying, it can be determined optimum values. The results used to be guideline in to construction proses, operation and maintenance of the drainage polder system.

  4. Memahami Spektrum Islam di Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Adlin Sila

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Book Review: Timothy Daniels, Islamic Spectrum in Java, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2009. Ashgate e-book.Islam in Java has been a dominant theme within Indonesia's Islamic studies. For decades, the study on Islam in Java has indebted to the influential work of Clifford Geertz's The Religion of Java (1960. The work has become main reference for scholars and students interested in studying Islam in Java. Despite of many criticisms that have been addressed to Geertz's work, the typologies of socio-religious of Javanese Muslim-santri-priyayi-abangan-that was introduced by Geertz has stimulated other recent works on Javanese Islam. One of Geertz's celebrated argument is that Javanese Islam is syncretic. Mark Woodward (1989, another American anthropologist, concluding conversely, arguing that Javanese Islam is not syncretic but, it is a sufi Islam. In line with Woodward, Andrew Beatty (1999 added that those Javanese who involve in the traditional slametan ceremony participated in the ceremony because of the presence of brotherhood, not because of the similarity of their religious affiliation. The recent work of Timothy Daniels', the Islamic Spectrum in Java (2009 examines the variant of Javanese Islam much further.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v18i3.430

  5. PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE PALM FLORA OF THE LORE LINDU NATIONAL PARK, CENTRAL SULAWESI, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOHANIS P. MOGEA

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The population size, structure, a nd composition of the palm flora in a 1350 m by 20 m rectangular plot in Gunung Potong and a 1500 m by 20 m rectangular plot in Tongoa were measured. The total palm species from both plots numbered 33 represented by 8 genera. Eight species, namely Calamus omatus var. celebicus, Pinanga caesia, Arenga pinnata, Daemonorops sp.3. Calamus didymocarpus. Calamus sp.4 (rapid spines, Caryota mitis, andAreca vestiaria have relatively high frequency values ranging from 5.46% to 10.66%. In addition, palm specimens previously collected from the park were examined at Herbarium Bogoriense to set up a preliminary checklist. So far, the national park is recorded as having 48 palm species represented by 11 genera which give figures of about 68% species and 58% genera of the total native Sulawesi palm flora. Though the number of endemic palms in Sulawesi is high (72%, namely 51 out of total native 71 species, only two species are locally endemic to Central Sulawesi namely Gronophyllum sarasinorum and Pinanga sp. nov. 1 (longirachilla. So far only the latter species is endemic to the national park.

  6. The preliminary results: Seismic ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography around Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trichandi, Rahmantara, E-mail: rachmantara.tri@gmail.com [Geophysical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 40132, Bandung (Indonesia); Yudistira, Tedi; Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Zulhan, Zulfakriza [Earth Science Graduate Program, Faculty of Earth Science and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Saygin, Erdinc [Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2015-04-24

    Ambient noise tomography is relatively a new method for imaging the shallow structure of the Earth subsurface. We presents the application of this method to produce a Rayleigh wave group velocity maps around the Merapi Volcano, Central Java. Rayleigh waves group velocity maps were reconstructed from the cross-correlation of ambient noise recorded by the DOMERAPI array which consists 43 broadband seismometers. In the processing stage, we first filtered the observation data to separatethe noise from the signal that dominated by the strong volcanic activities. Next, we cross-correlate the filtered data and stack to obtain the Green’s function for all possible station pairs. Then we carefully picked the peak of each Green’s function to estimate the dispersion trend and appliedMultiple Filter Technique to obtain the dispersion curve. Inter-station group velocity curvesare inverted to produceRayleigh wave group velocity maps for periods 1 to 10 s. The resulted Rayleigh group velocity maps show the interesting features around the Merapi Volcano which generally agree with the previous studies. Merapi-Lawu Anomaly (MLA) is emerged as a relatively low anomaly in our group velocity maps.

  7. The preliminary results: Seismic ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography around Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trichandi, Rahmantara; Yudistira, Tedi; Nugraha, Andri Dian; Zulhan, Zulfakriza; Saygin, Erdinc

    2015-04-01

    Ambient noise tomography is relatively a new method for imaging the shallow structure of the Earth subsurface. We presents the application of this method to produce a Rayleigh wave group velocity maps around the Merapi Volcano, Central Java. Rayleigh waves group velocity maps were reconstructed from the cross-correlation of ambient noise recorded by the DOMERAPI array which consists 43 broadband seismometers. In the processing stage, we first filtered the observation data to separatethe noise from the signal that dominated by the strong volcanic activities. Next, we cross-correlate the filtered data and stack to obtain the Green's function for all possible station pairs. Then we carefully picked the peak of each Green's function to estimate the dispersion trend and appliedMultiple Filter Technique to obtain the dispersion curve. Inter-station group velocity curvesare inverted to produceRayleigh wave group velocity maps for periods 1 to 10 s. The resulted Rayleigh group velocity maps show the interesting features around the Merapi Volcano which generally agree with the previous studies. Merapi-Lawu Anomaly (MLA) is emerged as a relatively low anomaly in our group velocity maps.

  8. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caleb T. Gallemore

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We analyzed the effects of discursive divides on collaboration on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+ policy development in Central Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo selected in 2010 to pilot subnational REDD+ policy. We argue that the complexities of bridging local land management practices and technical approaches to greenhouse gas emissions reduction and carbon offsetting create barriers to cross-scale collaboration. We tested these hypotheses using an exponential random graph model of collaboration among 36 organizations active in REDD+ policy in the province. We found that discursive divides were associated with a decreased probability of collaboration between organizations and that organizations headquartered outside the province were less likely to collaborate with organizations headquartered in the province. We conclude that bridging discursive communities presents a chicken-and-egg problem for cross-scale governance of social-ecological systems. In precisely the situations where it is most important, when bridging transnational standards with local knowledge and land management practices, it is the most difficult.

  9. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

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    T. Ekowati

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattle farming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri were purposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ. The study was conducted using quota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling. Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM. The results showed that each subsystem agribusiness had adequate potential score. The score of 0.693, 0.721, 0.684, 0.626, and 0.691 were given for up-stream subsystem, on-farm, down-stream subsystem, marketing and supporting institution, respectively. The results showed that the SEM model was feasible with Chi-Square value=0.952; RMSEA=0.000; Probability =0.621 and TL1=1.126. The significant results of Critical Ratio (CR were: up-stream subsystem to the on-farm agribusiness; on-farm subsystem to down-stream agribusiness; down-stream subsystem to the farmer’s income; marketing subsystem to the up-stream agribusiness and Supporting Institution to the marketing subsystem and down-stream agribusiness. The conclusion of research indicated that the implementation of beef cattle subsystem agribusiness had adequate index and give positive effect to the beef cattle agribusiness.

  10. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Ekowati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattlefarming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri werepurposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ. The study was conducted usingquota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling.Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM. The results showed that each subsystemagribusiness had adequate potential score. The score of 0.693, 0.721, 0.684, 0.626, and 0.691 were givenfor up-stream subsystem, on-farm, down-stream subsystem, marketing and supporting institution,respectively. The results showed that the SEM model was feasible with Chi-Square value=0.952;RMSEA=0.000; Probability =0.621 and TL1=1.126. The significant results of Critical Ratio (CR were:up-stream subsystem to the on-farm agribusiness; on-farm subsystem to down-stream agribusiness;down-stream subsystem to the farmer’s income; marketing subsystem to the up-stream agribusiness andSupporting Institution to the marketing subsystem and down-stream agribusiness. The conclusion ofresearch indicated that the implementation of beef cattle subsystem agribusiness had adequate index andgive positive effect to the beef cattle agribusiness.

  11. Konsentrasi Ekspor Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Wahyu Rejekiningsih

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The research objective was to identify the export focus of Central Java Province, in commodities side and market side. The data which used are secondary data which had been published by BPS and other source which have linkage. The research objects was the amount and export value of Central Java Province, which consists of some kinds of commodities and the destination countries, on 2001-2009. The analysis revealed that there are five dominant comodities of Central Java province export, they are: threads and textile industry; other industries; BBM; wood industry; cork and straw; and cattle breeding. The threads and textile industry comodity was become the export concentration. Other that, also revealed that there are five export destination countries, they are : USA; Japan; Singapore; Germany; and Republic of Korea, and the USA become the market concentration of Central Java province exports. Based on the identification, threads and textile industry consist of 52 goods, and has large either amount or export value. So if compared with other export comodities, then threads and textile industry comodity dominant the Central Java province’s exports. While USA’s market dominants export destination of Central Java province, because based on the data from BPS known that export to USA includes 6 (six comodities, which are: threads and textile industry; machine industry, electricity and electronic; fur and fur industry; wood industry; cork and straw; cattle breeding; and other industries.

  12. Health information system model for monitoring treatment and surveillance for leprosy patients in indonesia (case study in Pekalongan District, Central Java, Indonesia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachmani, Enny; Kurniadi, Arif; Hsu, Chien Yeh

    2013-01-01

    After India and Brazil, Indonesia has the third highest incidence/prevalence of leprosy in the world. Every year thousands of new cases and case with grade-2 disability are reported and, while the recovery rate lingers only 80-90 %. Therefore, more than 10 % of leprosy patients drop out of treatment and can be a source of new infections in the community. Our research was aimed at determining apparent difficulties in the leprosy control program as well as how a health information system (HIS) could assist the Indonesian leprosy control program. We used qualitative method with deep interview and observation of document. One of the difficulties which the Indonesian leprosy control program faces is discontinuity of patient's data due to rotating staff as well as the treatment monitoring and queries patients which should be monitored after treatment has ceased. Technology implementation is feasible through short message service (sms) reminders and web base applications. The leprosy control program urgently needs to implement continuous monitoring and recording of patients because of the particular characteristics of this contagious disease.

  13. Oxygen isotope heterogeneity of arc magma recorded in plagioclase from the 2010 Merapi eruption (Central Java, Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisova, Anastassia Y.; Gurenko, Andrey A.; Martel, Caroline; Kouzmanov, Kalin; Cathala, Annick; Bohrson, Wendy A.; Pratomo, Indyo; Sumarti, Sri

    2016-10-01

    Chemical and isotopic compositions of magmatic crystals provide important information to distinguish between deep juvenile and crustal contributions. In this work, high-resolution multicollector secondary ion mass spectrometry data reveal strong variations of δ18O values in three plagioclase crystals (800-1700 μm) from two representative basaltic andesite samples of the 2010 Merapi eruption (Central Java, Indonesia). The δ18O values (from 4.6‰ to 7.9‰) are interpreted to reflect oxygen isotope heterogeneity in the melt composition during plagioclase growth. The lowest δ18O values (4.6-6.6‰) are found in anorthite-rich cores (An82-97), whereas higher δ18O values (5.7-7.9‰) are found in anorthite-poorer zones (An33-86), typically in crystal rims. Combining these new plagioclase δ18O data with δ18O of calc-silicate crustal xenoliths erupted between 1994 and 1998, the composition of glass inclusions hosted by the anorthite-rich plagioclase (An82-92), available experimental data, and the results of thermodynamic modeling using the Magma Chamber Simulator code, we conclude that the abundant anorthite-rich cores crystallized from a mantle-derived hydrous basaltic to basaltic trachyandesite melt that recharged a deeper (200-600 MPa) magma storage zone, whereas lower anorthite zones crystallized at shallower levels (100-200 MPa). The oxygen isotope variations in the plagioclase are explained by a two-stage model of interaction of the hydrous, mafic mantle-derived magma (1) with old crustal rocks depleted in 18O due to high temperature alteration that yielded the low δ18O values in the anorthite-rich cores at deep levels (13-20 km), and later (2) with 18O-enriched carbonate material that yielded the high δ18O values in anorthite-poorer zones at shallow levels (∼4.5-9 km). Thermodynamic modeling is consistent with ∼18 wt.% assimilation of crustal calc-silicate material at 925-950 °C and 100-200 MPa by the 2010 Merapi basaltic andesite magma prior to

  14. Characteristics of Gaseous Carbon Emission from a Tropical Peatland Fire: A Plot-Scale Field Experiment in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Y.; Darung, U.; Limin, S. H.; Hatano, R.

    2014-12-01

    Tropical peatland in Southeast Asia is a vast reservoir of terrestrial carbon, which covers 24.8 million hectares and stores 68.5 PgC peat, equal to 11-14% of global peat carbon. In recent decades, large scale peatland fire has occurred frequently in that region, in which many areas of peatland were reclaimed with intention to use the land for forest plantation and rice paddy. We conducted a plot-scale peat burning experiment to elucidate the characteristics of gaseous carbon emission from a tropical peatland fire at the ground level. The experimental site was established at an open area 20 km southeast from Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The size of the burning plot is 4 m in length and 3 m in width. Gas samples were collected at heights of 1.0, 0.5, 0.0 (aboveground), -0.1 and -0.2 m (belowground) through stainless steel and/or aluminum tubes settled across the edge of the plot. The concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4) and particulate matter (PM) was determined. Soil temperature was recorded every 10 minutes 0.1 and 0.2 m below the ground surface. Twelve iron rods were installed in 1-m by 1-m square grid to determine the depth of burn scar. After ignition, flaming stage of peat burning was ceased within 1-2 hours. The following smoldering stage continued for a week. In the flaming stage, soil temperature at -0.1 m increased tentatively. After the smoldering stage began, the temperature rapidly increased to 350-450°C. Response of soil temperature at -0.2 m was less prominent. Concentrations of gaseous components became maximal in the flaming stage. During the smoldering stage, the concentrations gradually decreased. The influence of burning on CO2 and PM was prominently remained at -0.1 m, whereas those at -0.2 m were not so much. The averaged burnt depth was 5.8±5.1 cm. Based on bulk density of 0.22 g/cm3 and carbon content of 55.5%, the amount of carbon lost from the plot was 85.3 kg. Most of the

  15. CREDIT RATIONING OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE IN THE RURAL AREAS OF CENTRAL SULAWESI, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunung Nuryartono

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The agricultural sector provides the highest contribution to economic development in the Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. On average, the share of agriculture in the Product Domestic Regional Bruto (GRDP is more than 40% (2003. However, poverty is a widespread problem found in this area, as indicated by almost 46% of the total household are categorized as poor and most of them are farmers. Smallholders and poor farmers may perpetually be trapped in poverty due to lack of finance needed to undertake productive investment. This is indicated by lower rate of advance agricultural technology adoption, which results the productivity of some agricultural products in this area is lower compared to the national average.This paper addresses the question of whether greater access of financial services increase agricultural production. Specific research question addressed are as follow: (1 How many household have access to formal credit markets? (2 How many households are credit constrained? (3 What factors influence that households are credit constrained? (4 How does credit rationing influences agricultural production?As many studies have shown, many rural households lack access to either formal or informal credit institutions. In the rural areas of Central Sulawesi Province, particularly in the vicinity of the Lore Lindu National Park only 21.5% of the household have access to formal credits. The results also show that under certain conditions, only 18.1% of the households are not

  16. Effects of land-use changes on evapotranspiration of tropical rain forest margin area in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia): Modelling study with a regional SVAT model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olchev, A.; Ibrom, Andreas; Priess, J.

    2008-01-01

    The impact of deforestation and land-use changes on evapotranspiration of mountainous tropical rain forest area in the northern part of the Lore-Lindu National Park (LLNP) in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia) was quantified using a regional process-based SVAT model "SVAT-Regio". Description of evapotr......The impact of deforestation and land-use changes on evapotranspiration of mountainous tropical rain forest area in the northern part of the Lore-Lindu National Park (LLNP) in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia) was quantified using a regional process-based SVAT model "SVAT-Regio". Description...... of evapotranspiration of a non-uniform land surface in local and regional scales in SVAT-Regio is based on equations of energy and water balances of individual plants, plant canopy and soil layers for each of many grid cells into which the entire study area is divided. The model uses a multi-layered representation...... of vegetation cover and soil structure that allows to describe the partitioning of energy and H2O-fluxes among different canopy layers and soil, and to quantify more precisely the total ecosystem fluxes. Selective integration of grid cell fluxes on space and time allows estimating the energy and water fluxes...

  17. SEBARAN INFEKSI TAURA SYNDROME, INFECTIOUS MYONECROSIS, DAN Penaeus vannamei NERVOUS VIRUS (TSV, IMNV, DAN PvNV PADA BUDIDAYA UDANG Litopenaeus vannamei DI JAWA BARAT, JAWA TIMUR, DAN BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isti Koesharyani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada budidaya udang introduksi Litopenaeus vannamei, virus merupakan penyakit yang memberi dampak cukup merugikan dan menimbulkan kematian massal budidaya udang vaname. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sebaran adanya infeksi virus di beberapa daerah budidaya udang L. vannamei, di Jawa Timur (Bangil, Banyuwangi, Situbondo, Bali, dan Jawa Barat (Karawang dan Mauk-Tangerang. Jenis virus yang dianalisis adalah Taura Syndrome (TSV, Infectious Myonecrosis (IMNV, dan Penaeus vannamei Nervous Virus (PvNV dan merupakan golongan RNA virus. Sebanyak 5-10 ekor sampel diambil dari setiap daerah secara individu berupa jaringan insang, pleopod, dan daging, disimpan dalam RNAlater. Selanjutnya sampel sampel tersebut dianalisis di Laboratorium Kesehatan Ikan, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan Budidaya, Jakarta. Metode analisis menggunakan Reverse-Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RTPCR dengan spesifik primer: TSV (230 bp, IMNV-1 (600 bp, PvNV-1 (339 bp. Hasil analisis RT-PCR, menunjukkan bahwa dari 56 sampel, ternyata infeksi TSV diperoleh di lokasi budidaya udang di Bangil, Banyuwangi, dan Bali. Sementara, kasus infeksi IMNV terdapat di Banyuwangi dan Bali, sedangkan infeksi PvNV yang merupakan penyakit baru tidak diperoleh dari semua sampel yang ada. Beberapa sampel uji  menunjukkan multi infeksi secara alami antara TSV-IMNV yang berasal dari budidaya di Banyuwangi. Mengingat, kasus infeksi PvNV belum pernah ada di Indonesia, maka perlu aturan tata cara impor atau pengawasan tentang udang vaname agar tidak terjadi introduksi penyakit virus baru ke Indonesia.

  18. Makna Arsitektur Masjid Pakualaman dalam Tinjauan Kosmologi Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Hasyim

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Masjid memiliki arti penting dalam kebudayaan dan peradaban Islam. Masjidtidak hanya sebagai simbol kebesaran Islam tetapi juga menjadi simbol harmoni kehidupan manusia dengan alam lingkungan. Melalui  pendekatan sejarah dan arkeologi penelitian ini menemukan bahwa Masjid  Pakulaman memiliki keterkaitan dengan perkembangan kebudayaan Jawa.  Secara utuh bangunan Masjid Pakualaman merupakan perpaduan antara  unsur Hindu Jawa dan Islam sebagai bentuk yang saratdengan makna kosmologis dan kaya   harmonisasi kehidupan spiritual. Harmonisasi tersebut dapat dilihat dari bentuk atap tajuk dengan mustaka berbentuk gada, ornamensulur bunga dan gapura pintu utama.

  19. Opera Jawa [Requiem from Java]: A Semiotic Narratology Perspective

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    Christian Budiman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Directed by Garin Nugroho in 2006, Opera Jawa is an opera film with a special status in Indonesian film history, either perceived as a newly established genre or seen from many of its other aspects. Analyzed through a semiotic narratology perspective, this musical film can put forth deeper meanings than that of a mere triangle love story between the characters. The unveiling narrativity of every layer of Opera Jawa enables us to identify both its patterns of narrative syntagm and its actantial relations with its underlying system of values. This system consists of a set of antagonistically correlating main values, namely faithfulness versus deceit, and suppression versus power.

  20. PENENTUAN BATAS WILAYAH LAUT PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH DAN JAWA BARAT MENGGUNAKAN DATUM GEODESI NASIONAL

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    Sutomo Kahar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available According to Minister of Internal Affair regulation which is Permendagri No.1 Tahun 2006, Peta LingkunganLaut Indonesia (LLN must be utilized to define boundaries of province sea jurisdiction. Unfortunately, PetaLingkunan Laut Indonesia still applies Indonesia Datum 1974 instead of Datum Geodesi Nasional 1995. It iscontrary with Permendagri No 76 Tahun 2012 and UU No.4 Tahun 2011 which declare the urgency of singlereference datum for Indonesia region. To fit the requirement, Peta Lingkungan Laut Indonesia must betransformed into official datum. This research applied two transformation formulae. There was LaufTransformations to accomodate 2 Dimension Transformation. Computation of transformation parameters andapplication of those parameters were tested at North Coast of Java from Kendal regency to Brebes regency. Ascalculated in MatLab software, this research concluded that Lauf transformation was good for transformingLingkungan Laut Indonesia from ID74 to DGN95.

  1. Morphostructural Development of Gunungsewu Karst, Jawa Island

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    H. D. Tjia

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v8i2.157Gunungsewu Karst (also known as Sewu karst in the literature is synonymous with morphology of a carbonate terrain dominated by hills crowned by accordant-level tops that developed in a humid tropical environment by comparatively more rapid dissolution and denudation. In addition, the hills are sinoid to cone-shaped. Surface drainage is negligible compared to subsurface water flow. Abandoned channel segments and spatial arrangements of karst hills have been found to correspond with fracture patterns that are genetically associated with the regional compression direction of Jawa Island. Images derived from space platforms show many landform patterns that were neither known from ground-based nor from aerial photograph study. Landforms arranged in ring, multi-ring, spiral, polygonal, and long linear to serpentine patterns are common beside the expected depressions of dolines, poljes, and uvalas. The orientations of the long linear ridges appear to change systematically from those near the coast to those located inland. These linear ridges are interpreted as depositional fronts, most likely representing breaker zones. The youngest depositional ridge fronts, located nearest to the present shoreline, are parallel to the geological strike of Jawa Island. Toward the island’s interior, linear depositional fronts deviate in orientation by as much as 40o. This is now interpreted to have resulted from counterclockwise rotation of the Gunungsewu microplate since the late Middle Miocene. Similar CCW rotations are indicated by the paleomagnetic orientations of igneous rocks located farther east in the southern range of the island. Active tectonics is expressed in stage-wise net uplift of Gunungsewu whereas regional tilting appears negligible. Stacked and often paired river terraces (thus suggesting land uplift have been used to relatively date paleoarcheological finds. Very recent uplift on the coast show up in lazy-V limestone

  2. PENCEMARAN PESTISIDA PADA PERAIRAN PERIKANAN DI SUKABUMI- JAWA BARAT

    OpenAIRE

    Imam Taufik

    2011-01-01

    Penggunaan pestisida merupakan salah satu sumber pencemar yang potensial bagi sumberdaya dan lingkungan perairan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat pencemaran pestisida pada lahan perikanan budidaya di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat. Penelitian diawali dengan penentuan lokasi, dilanjutkan dengan pengambilan contoh (air, sedimen, biota air), preparasi, identifikasi, dan analisis data, serta pelaporan. Analisis contoh menggunakan alat Gas Chromatograph (GC). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa...

  3. Prinsip Emik dalam Memahami Dinamika Psikologis Pasien Scizophrenia di Jawa

    OpenAIRE

    Anjarsari, Novita D.

    2014-01-01

    Schizophrenia merupakan salah satugangguan mental yang banyak dijumpaidi berbagai negara. Namun, seringkaliprosedur penegakan diagnosis gejalaschizophrenia yang didasarkan pada polapikir dunia barat, menyebabkan penegak-an diagnosis tersebut kurang akurat. Jikapenegakan diagnosisnya kurang akurat,maka akan berpengaruh pada prosesperawatan dan intervensi yang dilakukanterhadap penderita. Kemungkinan terja-dinya kesalahan itu dikarenakan sebagianbesar dari masyarakat di Jawa tidakmenerapkan pri...

  4. KOMPOSISI KIMIA KERANG PISAU (Solens spp. DARI PANTAI KEJAWANAN, CIREBON, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurjanah Hasil Perikanan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Kerang pisau (Solen sp. merupakan salah satu hasil perairan yang bergizi namun informasinya masihsedikit di Indonesia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan komposisi kimia, asam lemak, kolesterol,mineral dan logam berat pada kerang pisau. Kerang pisau pada penelitian ini berasal dari Pantai Kejawanan,Cirebon, Jawa Barat. Analisis proksimat daging dan jeroan kerang pisau antara lain masing-masing kadar airsebesar 78,59% dan 75,49%, abu 1,53% dan 2,56%, protein 14,48% dan 15,21%, lemak 1,72% dan 1,95%, dankarbohidrat (dihitung by diff erence sebesar 3,68% dan 4,79%. Kandungan asam lemak kerang pisau terdiriatas asam lemak jenuh dengan kandungan tertinggi yaitu palmitat dan stearat, kandungan asam lemak tidakjenuh tunggal yang tertinggi terdiri atas palmitoleat dan oleat, sedangkan asam lemak tidak jenuh majemuktertinggi yaitu EPA dan DHA. Kolesterol pada daging kerang pisau yaitu 36,16 mg/100 gram, sedangkankolesterol pada jeroannya adalah sebesar 139,43 mg/100 gram. Kandungan mineral makro pada kerangpisau adalah natrium (yang terbesar, diikuti kalium, fosfor, magnesium dan kalsium. Kandungan mineralmikro pada kerang pisau adalah besi (yang terbesar dan seng. Hasil analisis logam berat menunjukkanbahwa kandungan logam berat kerang pisau berada di bawah ambang batas maksimum yang diperbolehkan.

  5. Karst: Ditambang atau Dilestarikan, Konflik Sosial Rencana Pembangunan Pabrik Semen di Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Suharko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The establishment of cement industry at regions with rich content of karst has increasingly grown in recent years. As a consequence, conflict of interest between cement company and local people groups has arised. The article aims to mapping out a natural resource based-conflict in district of Pati, province of Jawa Tengah. The social conflict has taken place at the stage of pra-construction of cement plant in the south Pati. The cement company, supported by local government, has continuously tried to establish the plant. The local people groups have always rejected it. Through organizing indigenous people, building social networks, and undertaking various collective actions, the local people groups have refused any efforts for establishing the plant. While this social conflict has continued, so far there is no an adequate conflict resolution. However, the new government of Central Java resulted from the 2013 election provides an opportunity to end the conflict.

  6. ANALISIS KEBERADAAN BIDAN DESA DAN DUKUN BAYI DI JAWA TIMUR

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    Mochamad Setyo Pramono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: The aim of the MDGs improving maternal health, one indicator is the proportion of aid delivery by trained health personnel. Related to this field which is spearheading the village midwife. The presence of the midwife profession not within the vacant land, because the tradition of the existence of traditional birth attendants have been there first. In the geographical and social conditions of a diverse society, where they can be a wealth of cultural treasures. Becomes interesting when the two interests are aligned but different backgrounds met in the field. How their existence in society, especially in rural areas whose traditions are still strong. Methods: This study was conducted in 2011 in four districts in East Java is Sampang, Probolinggo, Jombang and Madison. Refers to the characteristics of the election districts in East Java community is Madura, pandalungan, arek and Mataraman. This study combines quantitative and qualitative research. The data was collected by observation and in-depth interviews, informants were village midwives and traditional birth attendants in each region was selected health centers. Results: There is a dichotomy of senior midwives and midwives young. Senior midwife came mostly from outside the region. While a limited number of wide area coverage, it is not un comm on to make them choose to live in the central districts. As aresuIt, service delivery is limited. Relations senior midwife with pregnant women is quite high. Meanwhile, a young midwife from the local community though, is not necessarily acceptable in the neighborhood. Midwives are considered inexperienced young because young age, unmarried status or newly married. Meanwhile, the role of traditional birth attendants in rural areas is still quite significant, especially in Sampang and Probolinggo, there are still bold to help direct labor. In addition to knowledge of hereditary shamans, also based on modern medical knowledge gained

  7. EMME (Indonesia)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — EMME is a program specific M&E tool for the Indonesia Mission that is managed by RTI and provides access to project statuses and success stories for the USAID...

  8. "It is not possible for me to have diabetes"-community perceptions on diabetes and its risk factors in Rural Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pujilestari, Cahya Utamie; Ng, Nawi; Hakimi, Mohammad; Eriksson, Malin

    2014-06-12

    Accumulating evidence suggests that negative perceptions towards diabetes can limit the management and prevention of the disease. The negative perceptions towards diabetes are prevalent in many different settings, especially among rural communities. Few qualitative studies have been performed to understand how the community views diabetes and its associated risk factors. This study aimed to explore general community perceptions of diabetes and its risk factors in rural Indonesia. A total of 68 participants were recruited to 12 focus group discussions (FGDs) comprised of different age groups and sexes. The FGDs were conducted in six villages in rural Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia, from 2011 to 2012. All FGDs were recorded and transcribed. Qualitative content analysis was performed to describe and analyse how the rural community perceived diabetes and its risk factors. Diabetes was perceived as a visible and scary sugar disease, and the affected individuals themselves were blamed for getting the disease. Recognised as 'sugar' or 'sweet-pee' disease with terrifying effects, diabetes was believed to be a disease with no cure. The participants seemed to have an unrealistic optimism with regards to the diabetes risk factors. They believed that diabetes would not affect them, only others, and that having family members with diabetes was necessary for one to develop diabetes. Our findings demonstrate that rural communities have negative perceptions about diabetes and at the same time individuals have unrealistic optimism about their own risk factors. Understanding how such communities perceive diabetes and its risk factors is important for planning prevention strategies. Health messages need to be tailored to health-related behaviours and the local culture's concepts of diseases and risk factors.

  9. SISTEM PENGELOLAAN ARSIP DI KANTOR PERUM PERHUTANI DIVISI REGIONAL JAWA TENGAH

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    Aditya Yudha Primantoro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sistem pengelolaan arsip di Kantor Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Jawa Tengah, kendala-kendala yang dihadapi setra upaya-upaya untuk mengatasi kendala dalam sistem pengelolaan arsip. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Adapun subyek penelitian ini adalah petugas Sub.Bag. Umum dan petugas kearsipan di Kantor Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Metode pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan hasil wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan empat teknik yaitu pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, simpulan verivikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sistem pengelolaan arsip di Kantor Perum Perhutani tahap pertama pengumpulan warkat, selanjutnya memeriksa tanda-tanda pelepasan oleh pimpinan, penetapan indeks, pemberian kode warkat, penyortiran, penyimpanan dan penataan warkat, pemeliharaan dan pengamanan arsip, penyusutan arsip, pemusnahan arsip. Kendala yang dihadapi pada saa tmemerikasa tanda-tanda pelepasan serta pendistribusian surat. Upaya yang dilakukan dengan mengirim surat kembali serta menyerahkan kepada pimpinan. The purpose of this study was to determine the records management system in the Office of Perum Perhutani Central Java Regional Division, constraints faced by Setra's efforts to overcome the obstacles in the archive management system. This study used a qualitative approach. The subject of this research is Sub.Bag officer. General and archival officer in the Office of the Regional Division Perhutanioffice Central Java Province. Data were collected by using interviews and documentation. Data were analyzed using four techniques of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, verification conclusions. The results show records management system in the first phase of the Office Perhutanioffice collection slips, then check for signs of release by the leadership, the determination of the index, script coding, sorting, storage and slips

  10. Doa daLam Tradisi Islam Jawa

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    Abdul Wahab Rosyidi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Doa etymologically means request something to God in certain ways. while some ulama define doa is a self statement presence to Allah the Almighty about our weakness, shortages, inabilities, and disgraces, then we ask Allah the Almighty in order the weaknesses, shortages, inabilities, and humiliations are removed and replaced with the strengths, capabilities and a high degree both in human sight and in Allah sight. In the theory needs said, that basically human beings need to feel safe (safety need, and the safety need leads to the two forms, namely: safety needs of life and safety needs of the property. Safety needs emerged as the most important requirement if psychology needs have been fullfilled. this behavior as reflected in the lives of Javanese who always do doa  in the form of slametan ceremony. Slametan aims to achieve slamet (safety, namely a condition in which the events will move smoothly to follow a predetermined path and will not happen misfortunes to just anyone.   Doa Secara etimologi artinya memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT dengan cara- cara tertentu. Sedangkan beberapa ulama mendefinisikan doa berarti pernyataan diri ke hadirat Allah SWT tentang kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan kita, kemudian kita memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT agar kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan ini diangkat dan digantikan dengan kelebihan, kemampuan serta derajat yang tinggi baik di sisi manusia maupun di sisi-Nya. Dalam teori kebutuhan dikatakan; bahwa pada dasarnya manusia membutuhkan rasa aman (safety need, dan rasa aman itu mengarah pada dua bentuk yakni kebutuhan keamanan jiwa dan keamanan harta. Kebutuhan rasa aman muncul sebagai kebutuhan yang paling penting kalau kebutuhan psikologis telah terpenuhi. Hal tersebut sebagaimana tercermin dalam perilaku hidup orang Jawa yang selalu melakukan Doa dalam bentuk upacara slametan. Slametan bertujuan untuk mencapai keadaan slamet, yaitu suatu keadaan dimana peristiwa

  11. Housing ownership and affordability among low-income society in the poorest sub-district of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indrianingrum, Lulut

    2017-03-01

    The Government has intervened to deal with various affordable public housing programs, as well as financing programs for Low Income society in Indonesia. The characteristics of this society in each region are so diverse, that made the housing programs for this social segment uneasy in reaching the right target. Regulation of Housing and Settlement No. 2/2001 has mandated that the State are obliged to implement a habitable public housing for people, especially for the low income society. The purpose of this study is exploring the low-income residents' preferences and affordability of home ownership for their families in the poorest sub-district of Semarang. Aspects of studies include family conditions, financing, location, housing type and price. The research used a descriptive method to analyze a set of questionnaire data, distributed to low income residents in Sub district Tanjungmas, which isthe poorest sub district in Semarang. The results showed that the respondents developed a vision of home ownership by saving their money for the allocated housing budget and taking a bank installment. They tended to plan to get a house in their current neighborhood or nearby or anywhere else with the same price range. They really understood that, in order to get a better home and neighborhood they have to pay for higher prices. Therefore, their housing criteria or standards were set based on the quality of life in their current residential area, and should be located in a township (kampung).

  12. Identification of aquifer potential by using resistivity method: A case study in Kedawung and Sambirejo district, Sragen, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darsono; Legowo, B.; Koesuma, S.

    2016-11-01

    It has been done geophysics survey by using resistivity method with Schlumberger configuration in Sambirejo and Kedawung subdistrict, Sragen regency, Indonesia. This research aims to identification of aquifer potential in those area. Totally there are 22 site surveys where 11 sites located in Sambirejo and 11 sites located in Kedawung subdistrict. Data collection was performed by using Resistvitymeter OYO McOHM-EL with length of current electrode from 1,5 meter up to 350 meter. Data processing was done by using IP2win software, while cross section was processed using Rockwork software. The result shows that in Sambirejo subdistrict, the aquifer layer consist of clayey sand and sand, While in Kedawung subdistrict, The aquifer layers consist of clayey sand, sand, gravel sand, gravel and breccias. Identification of groundwater potential zones as good and very good category was show that the sounding point was have a huge of groundwater source for in Sambirejo subdistrict is TS2, TS5, TS7, TS8, and TS9, while in Kedawung subdistrict is TS13, TS14, T15, TS16,TS17,TS18, TS19, TS20, TS21 dan TS22, respectively.

  13. Molecular Scanning of β-Thalassemia in the Southern Region of Central Java, Indonesia; a Step Towards a Local Prevention Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rujito, Lantip; Basalamah, Muhammad; Mulatsih, Sri; Sofro, Abdul Salam M

    2015-01-01

    Thalassemia is the most prevalent genetic blood disorder worldwide, and particularly prevalent in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the spectrum of β-thalassemia (β-thal) mutations found in the southern region of Central Java, Indonesia. The subjects of the study included 209 β-thal Javanese patients from Banyumas Residency, a southwest region of Central Java Province. DNA analysis was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS), and the direct sequencing method. The results showed that 14 alleles were found in the following order: IVS-I-5 (G > C) (HBB: c.92 + 5G > C) 43.5%, codon 26 (Hb E; HBB: c.79G > A) 28.2%, IVS-I-1 (G > A) (HBB: c.92 + 1G > A) 5.0%, codon 15 (TGG > TAG) (HBB: c.47G > A) 3.8%, IVS-I-1 (G > T) (HBB: c.92 + 1G > T) 3.1%, codon 35 (-C) (HBB: c.110delC) 2.4%. The rest, including codons 41/42 (-TTCT) (HBB: c.126_129delCTTT), codons 8/9 (+G) (HBB: c.27_28insG), codon 19 (AAC > AGC) (HBB: c.59A > G), codon 17 (AAG > TAG) (HBB: c.52A > T), IVS-I-2 (T > C) (HBB: c.92 + 2T > C), codons 123/124/125 (-ACCCCACC) (HBB: c.370_378delACCCCACCA), codon 40 (-G) (HBB: c.123delG) and Cap +1 (A > C) (HBB: c.-50A > C), accounted for up to 1.0% each. The most prevalent alleles would be recommended to be used as part of β-thal screening for the Javanese, one of the major ethnic groups in the country.

  14. Tomographic imaging of Central Java, Indonesia: Preliminary result of joint inversion of the MERAMEX and MCGA earthquake data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohadi, Supriyanto [Study Program of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia and Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta (Indonesia); Widiyantoro, Sri; Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Masturyono [Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat (Indonesia)

    2013-09-09

    The realization of local earthquake tomography is usually conducted by removing distant events outside the study region, because these events may increase errors. In this study, tomographic inversion has been conducted using the travel time data of local and regional events in order to improve the structural resolution, especially for deep structures. We used the local MERapi Amphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX) data catalog that consists of 292 events from May to October 2004. The additional new data of regional events in the Java region were taken from the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) of Indonesia, which consist of 882 events, having at least 10 recording phases at each seismographic station from April 2009 to February 2011. We have conducted joint inversions of the combined data sets using double-difference tomography to invert for velocity structures and to conduct hypocenter relocation simultaneously. The checkerboard test results of Vp and Vs structures demonstrate a significantly improved spatial resolution from the shallow crust down to a depth of 165 km. Our tomographic inversions reveal a low velocity anomaly beneath the Lawu - Merapi zone, which is consistent with the results from previous studies. A strong velocity anomaly zone with low Vp, low Vs and low Vp/Vs is also identified between Cilacap and Banyumas. We interpret this anomaly as a fluid content material with large aspect ratio or sediment layer. This anomaly zone is in a good agreement with the existence of a large dome containing sediment in this area as proposed by previous geological studies. A low velocity anomaly zone is also detected in Kebumen, where it may be related to the extensional oceanic basin toward the land.

  15. Tomographic imaging of Central Java, Indonesia: Preliminary result of joint inversion of the MERAMEX and MCGA earthquake data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohadi, Supriyanto; Widiyantoro, Sri; Nugraha, Andri Dian; Masturyono

    2013-09-01

    The realization of local earthquake tomography is usually conducted by removing distant events outside the study region, because these events may increase errors. In this study, tomographic inversion has been conducted using the travel time data of local and regional events in order to improve the structural resolution, especially for deep structures. We used the local MERapi Amphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX) data catalog that consists of 292 events from May to October 2004. The additional new data of regional events in the Java region were taken from the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) of Indonesia, which consist of 882 events, having at least 10 recording phases at each seismographic station from April 2009 to February 2011. We have conducted joint inversions of the combined data sets using double-difference tomography to invert for velocity structures and to conduct hypocenter relocation simultaneously. The checkerboard test results of Vp and Vs structures demonstrate a significantly improved spatial resolution from the shallow crust down to a depth of 165 km. Our tomographic inversions reveal a low velocity anomaly beneath the Lawu - Merapi zone, which is consistent with the results from previous studies. A strong velocity anomaly zone with low Vp, low Vs and low Vp/Vs is also identified between Cilacap and Banyumas. We interpret this anomaly as a fluid content material with large aspect ratio or sediment layer. This anomaly zone is in a good agreement with the existence of a large dome containing sediment in this area as proposed by previous geological studies. A low velocity anomaly zone is also detected in Kebumen, where it may be related to the extensional oceanic basin toward the land.

  16. Willingness to pay for public health services in rural Central Java, Indonesia: methodological considerations when using the contingent valuation method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shono, Aiko; Kondo, Masahide; Ohmae, Hiroshi; Okubo, Ichiro

    2014-06-01

    In the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries, contingent valuation method (CVM) studies on willingness to pay (WTP) have been used to gather information on demand variation or financial perspectives alongside price setting, such as the introduction of user fees and valuation of quality improvements. However, WTP found in most CVM studies have only explored the preferences that consumers express through their WTP without exploring whether they are actually able to pay for it. Therefore, this study examines the issues pertaining to WTP estimation for health services using the conventional CVM. We conducted 202 household interviews in 2008, in which we asked respondents about three types of public health services in Indonesia and assessed WTP estimated by the conventional CVM as well as in the scenario of "resorting to debt" to recognize their budget constraints. We find that all the demand curves for both WTP scenarios show gaps. Furthermore, the gap for midwife services is negatively affected by household income and is larger for the poor. These results prove that CVM studies on WTP do not always reveal WTP in the latter scenario. Those findings suggest that WTP elicited by the conventional CVM is different to that from the maximum price that prevents respondents from resorting to debt as their WTP. In order to bridge this gap in the body of knowledge on this topic, studies should improve the scenarios that CVM analyses use to explore WTP. Furthermore, because valuing or pricing health services based on the results of CVM studies on WTP alone can exacerbate the inequity of access to these services, information provided by such studies requires careful interpretation when used for this purpose, especially for the poor and vulnerable sections of society.

  17. GAMBARAN PRAKTIK PENGGUNAAN JAMU OLEH DOKTER DI ENAM PROVINSI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delima Delima

    2013-02-01

    Jamu pada bulan Januari 2010 di Kendal. Untuk mencapai kegiatan ini, dilakukan pencatatan penggunaan jamu oleh dokter praktik. Studi deskriptif potong lintang ini dilakukan di 6 provinsi di Jawa dan Bali. Dokter yang terdaftar sebagai anggota perhimpunan seminat terkait jamu diundang dan diminta mengisi kuesioner terstruktur. Sejumlah 108 dokter praktik yang menggunakan jamu asli Indonesia berusia 26-70 tahun, baik dokter umum  maupun spesialis, berpendidikan strata 1 hingga strata 3 bersedia menjadi responden. Sebanyak 76,9 % dokter melakukan praktik jamu antara 1—10  tahun dengan median  2 pasien/hari (kisaran 0—40. Dokter praktik jamu juga melakukan cara pengobatan tradisional lain seperti akupunktur (47,2 %, pijat/releksi (7,4 %, akupresur (6,5 %. Selain memberikan jamu untuk pasien, semua dokter juga memanfaatkan jamu untuk diri sendiri dan keluarga. Lebih banyak menggunakan jamu asli Indonesia bentuk tunggal atau ramuan dalam sediaan kapsul maupun rebusan simplisia. Jamu terutama untuk pengobatan hipertensi, dislipidemia, diabetes mellitus, ISPA, hepatitis, hiperurisemia, osteoartritis, diare, kanker, dan gastritis. Jenis bahan jamu yang banyak dipakai adalah temulawak, sambiloto, kunyit, pegagan, kumis kucing, seledri, meniran, jati belanda, jahe, dan kunir putih. Sebagai kesimpulan, sebagian besar dokter praktik jamu di Jawa Bali sudah melakukan praktik menggunakan jamu asli Indonesia dalam 10 tahun terakhir dipadu dengan obat tradisional yang berasal dari luar negeri dan pengobatan tradisional lain namun pengobatan konvensional masih dipegang sebagai standar pengobatan tertinggi. Kata kunci: jamu, saintifikasi jamu, pengobatan tradisional

  18. Archaeology and Islam in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Wood

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Some Indonesian archaeologists, however, have focused on the nation's Islamic past. Uka Tjandrasasmita is one of Indonesia's leading archaeologists and is largely behind the writing of Volume III of the Sejarah Nasional Indonesia, the national history that was the "standard text" for the teaching of history in Indonesian schools during the New Order; the volume he worked on dealt with Indonesia's Islamic history. For many years he held the position of the head of the Islamic Antiquities section of the Indonesian Archaeological Service (Bidang Arkeologi Islam, Pusat Penelitian Kepurbakalaan dan Peninggalan Nasional and carried out survey and excavation work in West, Central and East java. He has published many reports on the Islamic archaeology of Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v15i2.530

  19. KELAYAKAN INDUSTRI KECIL BIOETANOL BERBAHAN BAKU MOLASES DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Rita Nurmalina Suryana

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were (1 to analyze the molasses based bioethanol production in Central Java Province and (2 to analyze the non-financial and financial feasibility of this bioethanol processing activity.  To analyze the financial feasibility this study used investment criteria namely net present value, internal rate of return, net benefit-cost ratio, and discounted pay back period while to analyze the changes of cost and benefit in bioethanol manufacturing activity this study used the switching value analysys.  The results of this study showed that bioethanol manufacturing activity in Sub-Province of Sukoharjo and Pati were financially feasible and can be considered by investors in selecting similar business. But on The other side, the supply of molasses as the raw material in that location is important, so they need to make partnership with the suppliers. The result for switching value analysis showed that the decreasing of production or price of bioethanol more sensitive than the others (increasing of variable input cost for molasses.  There was no negative effect from the production activity because the waste from the bioethanol manufacturing is not hazardous for the surrounding area.Keywords: bioethanol, molasses, feasibility analysis, small industryABSTRAKTujuan dari kajian ini adalah (1 menganalisis kegiatan proses produksi bioetanol berbahan dasar molases di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan (2 menganalisis kelayakan pada aspek non finansial dan aspek finansial dari kegiatan proses produksi bioetano berbahan dasar molases. Dalam menganalisis kelayakan finansial digunakan kriteria investasi yaitu net present value, internal rate of return, net benefit-cost ratio, dan discounted pay back period, serta untuk mengetahui sejauh mana perubahan maksimum dalam tiap komponen biaya dan manfaat dalam kegiatan pengolahan bioetanol berbahan dasar molases digunakan analisis switching value. Hasil studi menunjukkan kegiatan pengolahan

  20. Developing a playground as catchment area in effort to maintaining groundwater in Jaten village of Karanganyar district of Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legowo, Budi; Darsono; Wahyuningsih, Daru

    2016-11-01

    Changes in land use for housing indirectly disturb the hydrology balance of the area. Groundwater conservation efforts can be done by keeping the function the catchment area. One of the housing developer's obligations is providing open spaces (the playground) to play or activity of the residents. Playground in Bumi Graha Indah Housing, Jaten village, Karanganyar district, Central Java, Indonesia has a fundamental issue, that is, in the rainy season the water is difficult to seep due landfill process are not well planned. It causes the playground become in muddy conditions with tall grass, so that reduces the function as a playground and or activity the residents. In the dry season, the soil dry of landfill caused dust scattering and disrupt the activities of people around the playground. Lack of water resources lead watering process for solving the problem of dust during the dry season was considered ineffective. Structuring drainage combined with modified recharge wells can be used to catch water runoff housing. This modification of water catchment areas can make playground dry quickly after rain so the activities of people are not bothered when utilizing the open space provided. Surface runoff water absorbed in open aquifer so that the hydrological balance always be maintained. Adequacy groundwater in the area playground can be used to sprinkler dust and backup needs clean water residents by creating wells and reservoir stocks.

  1. Development and application of a fecal antigen diagnostic sandwich ELISA for estimating prevalence of Fasciola gigantica in cattle in central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estuningsih, Endah; Spithill, Terry; Raadsma, Herman; Law, Ruby; Adiwinata, G; Meeusen, Els; Piedrafita, David

    2009-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of an ELISA test to detect Fasciola gigantica antigens (coproantigens) in bovine feces, with fecal egg counting and an ELISA for detecting anti-F. gigantica antibodies in serum. Monoclonal antibodies to cathepsin L were generated and used to capture this antigen in feces of infected cattle. Blood, feces, and livers were collected from 150 cattle at an abattoir in Jakarta, Indonesia, for anti-Fasciola antibodies, coproantigen detection, and F. gigantica egg and worm counts. Fluke recovery varied from 1 to 426 per host, with a mean of 32 flukes. The results showed that the sensitivity and specificity of coproantigen detecting ELISA (95 and 91%, respectively) was better than the anti-F. gigantica antibody ELISA (91 and 88%, respectively) and to fecal egg counting (87 and 100%, respectively). The coproantigen ELISA was able to detect 100% of the cattle with >15 flukes. A survey of 305 cattle in central Java over a 10-mo period validated this test in the field, demonstrating a high prevalence of fascioliasis and establishing the test as a useful diagnostic method to determine patent F. gigantica infections in cattle.

  2. Gently dipping normal faults identified with Space Shuttle radar topography data in central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and some implications for fault mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Space-shuttle radar topography data from central Sulawesi, Indonesia, reveal two corrugated, domal landforms, covering hundreds to thousands of square kilometers, that are bounded to the north by an abrupt transition to typical hilly to mountainous topography. These domal landforms are readily interpreted as metamorphic core complexes, an interpretation consistent with a single previous field study, and the abrupt northward transition in topographic style is interpreted as marking the trace of two extensional detachment faults that are active or were recently active. Fault dip, as determined by the slope of exhumed fault footwalls, ranges from 4?? to 18??. Application of critical-taper theory to fault dip and hanging-wall surface slope, and to similar data from several other active or recently active core complexes, suggests a theoretical limit of three degrees for detachment-fault dip. This result appears to conflict with the dearth of seismological evidence for slip on faults dipping less than ~. 30??. The convex-upward form of the gently dipping fault footwalls, however, allows for greater fault dip at depths of earthquake initiation and dominant energy release. Thus, there may be no conflict between seismological and mapping studies for this class of faults. ?? 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  3. Relation between Fiber Diet and Appendicitis Incidence in Children at H. Adam Malik Central Hospital, Medan, North Sumatra-Indonesia

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    Boyke Damanik

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Appendicitis is the most occurred acute abdominal case found in children.1 In United States of America alone, there were 250,000 cases annually. The ratio between boys and girls are 3:2, with most cases caused by late diagnosis and the morbidity factor. Previous studies found that there’s a relation between eating patterns, fiber diet and food hygiene as risk factors for appendicitis.1, 2 At the time this paper is written, there hasn’t been any study that explains the relation between appendicitis and the diet pattern of children from various places in Indonesia. Another condition that further motivates this study is a common conception that children hate to consume vegetables and fruits, which contain the much-needed fiber. Obstruction of the appendix lumen is the main cause of inflammation in the appendix. Fecalith makes up one third of appendicitis cases, which is consists of fats (coprosterols, inorganic salts (calcium phosphate, and organic residual (fibers.3 Other causes including obstruction process by hypertrophy of mural lymphoid follicle as a response from the inflammation of the appendix lumen.3 Obstruction of appendix lumen can be caused by low fiber diet, which causes fecalith to build up in appendix lumen.4 The mechanism of lumen appendix inflammation can be caused by lymphoid hyperplasia, fecalith buildup, foreign object or parasite.4 Therefore, a study needs to be done to determine the mortality prediction easier, more efficient, and not static, in which it’s harder to measure the therapeutic response. In this case, lactate clearance is hoped to have the capability to determine the mortality rate in patients with severe sepsis. Method: This research is an analytic with cross-sectional design. The subjects were 35 child patients with appendicitis in RSHAM which fulfilled the criteria of severe sepsis diagnosis, and were receiving treatment in the period of January-December 2014. Results: Male children are the

  4. Physics Laboratory Investigation of Vocational High School Field Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques in the Central Java Province (Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwandari, Ristiana Dyah

    2015-01-01

    The investigation aims in this study were to uncover the observations of infrastructures and physics laboratory in vocational high school for Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques Expertise Field or Teknik Konstruksi Batu dan Beton (TKBB)'s in Purwokerto Central Java Province, mapping the Vocational High School or Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan…

  5. A molecular and antigenic survey of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus isolates from smallholder duck farms in Central Java, Indonesia during 2007-2008

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    Junaidi Akhmad

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Indonesia is one of the countries most severely affected by H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI virus in terms of poultry and human health. However, there is little information on the diversity of H5N1 viruses circulating in backyard farms, where chickens and ducks often intermingle. In this study, H5N1 virus infection occurring in 96 smallholder duck farms in central Java, Indonesia from 2007-2008 was investigated and the molecular and antigenic characteristics of H5N1 viruses isolated from these farms were analysed. Results All 84 characterised viruses belonged to H5N1 clade 2.1 with three virus sublineages being identified: clade 2.1.1 (1, clade 2.1.3 (80, and IDN/6/05-like viruses (3 that did not belong to any of the present clades. All three clades were found in ducks, while only clade 2.1.3 was isolated from chickens. There were no significant amino acid mutations of the hemagglutinin (HA and neuraminidase (NA sites of the viruses, including the receptor binding, glycosylation, antigenic and catalytic sites and NA inhibitor targets. All the viruses had polybasic amino acids at the HA cleavage site. No evidence of major antigenic variants was detected. Based on the HA gene, identical virus variants could be found on different farms across the study sites and multiple genetic variants could be isolated from HPAI outbreaks simultaneously or at different time points from single farms. HPAI virus was isolated from both ducks and chickens; however, the proportion of surviving duck cases was considerably higher than in chickens. Conclusions The 2.1.3 clade was the most common lineage found in this study. All the viruses had sequence characteristic of HPAI, but negligible variations in other recognized amino acids at the HA and NA proteins which determine virus phenotypes. Multiple genetic variants appeared to be circulating simultaneously within poultry communities. The high proportion of live duck cases compared to

  6. Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 24. Energy Efficiency in Central Java

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Windarto, Joko; Nugroho, Agung; Hastanto, Ari; Mahartoto, Gigih [Diponegoro University, Semarang (Indonesia)

    2012-01-15

    The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects. Energy has a very important role and has become a basic necessity in national sustainable development. Therefore, energy should be used sparingly and in a rational manner so that present and future energy demand can be met. Given the importance of using energy efficiently Government needs to devise a framework regulating the utilization of energy resources through the efficient application of technology and stimulating energy-saving behaviours. The purpose of this technical working group in CASINDO project is to research the steps and policy measures needed to improve the efficiency of electrical energy consumption in the household, industrial, and commercial buildings sector for Central Java. The government's efforts in promoting energy efficiency in Indonesia are still hampered by public awareness factor. This study exists to promote public awareness of energy efficiency by describing the financial benefits and possibilities of savings energies in order to support the government's energy saving program, replacement of old equipment that uses high power consumption with a new low-power one, reduction of unnecessary lighting, appreciation to the people who find and develop energy-efficient power utilization, persuade industries to uses the speed controller driver for production and fan motor to streamline the electrical energy usage.

  7. PREVALENSI TIKUS TERINFEKSI Leptospira interogans DI KOTA SEMARANG, JAWA TENGAH

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    Ristiyanto Ristiyanto

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLeptospirosis merupakan zoonosis.Penyakit ini sering dijumpai di daerah perkotaan terutama yang sering dilanda banjir.Manusia terinfeksi bakteri Leptospira melalui air atau tanah yang terkontaminasi dengan urin atau cairan tubuh inang reservoir.Tikus adalah inang reservoir leptospirosis.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui populasi tikus yang terinfeksi Leptospira dan interaksi antara pasien suspek leptospira dengan tikus­Kota­Semarang,­Jawa­Tengah.­Selain­itu­dilakukan­pula­identifikasi­serovar­Leptospira­padatikus­diKota Semarang, Jawa Tengah. Jenis penelitian adalah potonglintang (cross sectional.Dilakukan pengamatan di rumah dan lingkungan tempat tinggal 68 kasus leptospirosis. Penangkapan tikus menggunakan perangkap hidup sejumlah 100 buah.Pemasang perangkap di dalam dan di luar rumah selama 3 hari.  Tikus yang tertangkap­diidentifikasi­dan­diambil­serum­darahnya­untuk­mengetahui­serovar­Leptospira­dengan­uji­MAT.Seluruh 68 kasus leptospirosis dari Rumah Sakit di Kota Semarang memiliki riwayat interaksi dengan tikus. Prevalensi tikus terinfeksi bakteri leptospira  untuk tikus got (R. norvegicus 33,43% dan tikus rumah (R. tanezumi­13,69%.­Serovar­Leptospira­yang­diidentifikasi­pada­tikus­got­(R.­norvegicus­adalah­Djasiman(40,55% dari 27 ekor, Icterohaemorhagie (22,22% , Autumnalis (20,35 dan Bataviae (16,68%. Sementara pada­tikus­rumah­(R.­tanezumi­dapat­diidentifikasikan­serovar­Autumnalis­(66,67%­dari­3­ekor­dan­Bataviae(33,33%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa tikus merupakan reservoir penting dari leptospirosis. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tikus got (R. norvegicus dan tikus rumah (R. tanezumi memiliki potensi besar untuk menjadi vektor penularan bakteri Leptospira di Kota Semarang.Kata Kunci : Leptospirosis, Tikus, Faktor Risiko, SemarangAbstractLeptospirosis­is­a­zoonosis.­The­disease­is­often­found­in­urban­areas,­especially­the­frequent­flooding.

  8. MODEL INTERVENSI PENGENDALIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KABUPATEN INDRAMAYU, JAWA BARAT

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    Amrul Munif

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIn Indonesia principal of activity control program Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever ( DHF currently nowinclude epidemiological surveillance, discovery and case management, vector control, communityparticipation, early warning system (EWS, outbreaks, dissemination of information, partnerships, capacitybuilding, research, monitoring and evaluation. However, these activities not yed the expected results, it isindicates the need for other measures in order to improve the program in the prevention of dengue. Theprocess of transmission of dengue is a dynamic process, the study of the transmission of the disease need toinvolve the dynamic aspects of the dependence on time, which has been neglected in many studies that havebeen conducted relating to DHF. By involving the dynamic aspects of the transmission process will be toobtain a more precise conclusion in determining the disease control policies. For reasons these researchhas been done on the development of a model dengue control more specific and dynamic in Indramayudistrict, West Java. The purpose of the study to gain control model that can lower DHF Infection Rate( IR to zero percent. Results showed the free larvae index which reflect environmental hygiene at districof Indramayu West Jawa 60,0%. This illustrates that the breeding places eradication program in thedistrict well doing, was being in the district foging implementation in Indramayau was able to reduce theincidence of DHF either primary infection ( detectable IgM and secondary infection ( IgG and IgMdetected . Insect repellent can be used as an alternative for the prevention of the spread of dengue fevercan reduce the increase in the number of dengue infections. Basically Insect repellent use can reduce IR.The combination of fogging and insect repellent will be more effective in reducing the number of infections.RDT implementation and then immediately responded by conducting fogging or the use of insect repellentto prevent the spread of

  9. FENOMENA PERDAGANGAN PEREMPUAN DALAM FIKSI JAWA MODERN

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    Darni Darni

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe woman trafficking practice in modern Javanese fiction. Woman trafficking was analyzed based on the ideology and causes using New Historicism theory. The findings show that woman trafficking experienced by the characters in all of the stories is the same. They are deceived by procurers and sold as prostitutes in Indonesia and abroad. There are three causes of womantrafficking, i.e. a view looking down on women, woman dependency, and women’s poverty and low education. The stories of woman trafficking support feminism more. Women as victims of woman trafficking can get freedom and autonomy. Feminism ideology is also supported by men. The male characters help the female characters release themselves from woman trafficking by accepting them as their partners.

  10. POLIKULTUR RUMPUT LAUT (Gracilaria verrucosa DENGAN BANDENG DI KABUPATEN BREBES, JAWA TENGAH

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    Bambang Priono

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Rumput laut merupakan salah satu komoditas perikanan yang memiliki potensi besar untuk dikembangkan. Hampir seluruh perairan pantai Indonesia dapat ditanami rumput laut, termasuk jenis Gracilaria verrucosa yang banyak dibudidayakan di tambak-tambak rakyat yang kurang produktif. Beberapa faktor penyebab produktivitas belum optimal adalah paket teknologi budidayanya yang belum tersosialisasikan dengan baik. Sehingga perlu dilakukan penelitian mengenai polikultur rumput laut dengan bandeng di tambak untuk mengetahui performan bibit terbaik dari beberapa kultivar berdasarkan lokasi sumber bibit. Penelitian dilakukan di tambak pembudidaya di Kabupaten Brebes, Jawa Tengah seluas 6 ha dan masing-masing berukuran 0,5-1 ha/petak. Persiapan yang dilakukan meliputi perbaikan saluran inlet, outlet, pematang, pintu air dan pelataran, pemberantasan hama dan biota liar, pemupukkan, serta pengisian air (ketinggian 60 cm. Pada setiap petak dibuat 3 petak pengamatan berbentuk segi empat berukuran 1 m2 (sebagai ulangan. Bibit rumput laut yang ditanam sebanyak 2.200 kg/ha, sedangkan pada petak pengamatan ditanam sebanyak 1 kg/petak. Guna meminimalkan pertumbuhan klekap dan lumut maka pada setiap petak tambak ditebari gelondongan bandeng sebanyak 2.500 ekor/ha. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa rumput laut yang ditanam dapat tumbuh mencapai lebih dari 375% selama lebih dari 2 bulan pemeliharaan dan menunjukkan bahwa rumput laut Gracilaria verrucosa dapat dipelihara bersama dengan bandeng.

  11. Connecting the fragmented habitat of endangered mammals in the landscape of Riau–Jambi–Sumatera Barat (RIMBA, central Sumatra, Indonesia (connecting the fragmented habitat due to road development

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    Barano Siswa Sulistyawan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The trend of wildlife habitat fragmentation worldwide continues as a result of anthropogenic activities on development of a linear infrastructure and land use changes, which is often implemented as part of spatial planning policies. In this paper we expand upon an existing approach to design wildlife corridors through habitat quality assessment. We used models of Habitat Quality of Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs (InVEST and Corridor Design tools. The habitat quality model of InVEST provides a rapid approach to assess status and change of biodiversity, and can contribute to enhanced corridor design of fragmented wildlife habitat. We conducted an assessment of habitat quality of the RIMBA corridor landscape, which is part of Riau, Jambi and West Sumatra provinces of central Sumatra Island. The result of the habitat quality model was used as the main input to evaluate habitat connectivity and assess the target segment of roads that cross the modelled corridor. We found 20 wildland blocks, the total area of the corridor modelled including wildland blocks was calculated as about 0.77 million hectares. We have obtained accurate quantitative measurement of the length of roads crossing the corridor, with a total of 417.78 km (artery 10.31 km; collector 19.52 km; and local 1987.9 km roads. This method can be replicated as an approach in valuing the quality of habitat as part of the implementation of the presidential decree of Sumatra Island Spatial Planning. This may also be applied to the spatial planning of other major islands in Indonesia and elsewhere.

  12. THE DIMENSION OF COOPERATIVISM AND DAIRY CATTLE FARMING IN GETASAN VILLAGE, SEMARANG REGENCY, CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

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    S. Gayatri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to explore the role of cooperativism in dairy cattle farming in Getasan village,Semarang Regency, Central Java Province. Spearman Rank Correlation test was used to determine therelationship between cooperativism and the performance of dairy cattle farming. Based on the results ofthe Spearman Rank correlation test, feeds and feeding practices were significantly correlated withsharing of knowledge and information and sharing of resources. However, no significant relationshipwas found between participation in decision making and feeds and feeding practices. Meanwhile, therewere significant relationships amog sharing of knowledge and information, sharing of resources, andparticipation in decision making and milk production in Getasan Village. The dairy health asperformance indicator of dairy cattle farming, sharing of knowledge and information was the onlysignificant factor. Sharing of resources and participation in decision making had no significantrelationship with dairy health. As regards marketing, the test showed that sharing of knowledge andinformation, sharing of resources, and participation in decision making were significantly relatedfactors. This study indicated that cooperativism may provide opportunities for farmers to accessservices, information and resources that will allow them to improve their capacities in these areas. Thisstudy also proposed some recommendations that the cooperatives should promote activities encouraginggreater cooperation and mutual understanding among the members. Skills trainings and education forempowerment should be conducted to encourage participation in decision making.

  13. Accretionary nature of the crust of Central and East Java (Indonesia) revealed by local earthquake travel-time tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haberland, Christian; Bohm, Mirjam; Asch, Günter

    2014-12-01

    Reassessment of travel time data from an exceptionally dense, amphibious, temporary seismic network on- and offshore Central and Eastern Java (MERAMEX) confirms the accretionary nature of the crust in this segment of the Sunda subduction zone (109.5-111.5E). Traveltime data of P- and S-waves of 244 local earthquakes were tomographically inverted, following a staggered inversion approach. The resolution of the inversion was inspected by utilizing synthetic recovery tests and analyzing the model resolution matrix. The resulting images show a highly asymmetrical crustal structure. The images can be interpreted to show a continental fragment of presumably Gondwana origin in the coastal area (east of 110E), which has been accreted to the Sundaland margin. An interlaced anomaly of high seismic velocities indicating mafic material can be interpreted to be the mantle part of the continental fragment, or part of obducted oceanic lithosphere. Lower than average crustal velocities of the Java crust are likely to reflect ophiolitic and metamorphic rocks of a subduction melange.

  14. Complex emergencies in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradt, D A; Drummond, C M; Richman, M

    2001-01-01

    Recently, Indonesia has experienced six major provincial, civil, armed conflicts. Underlying causes include the transmigration policy, sectarian disputes, the Asian economic crisis, fall of authoritarian rule, and a backlash against civil and military abuses. The public health impact involves the displacement nationwide of > 1.2 million persons. Violence in the Malukus, Timor, and Kalimantan has sparked the greatest population movements such that five provinces in Indonesia each now harbor > 100,000 internally displaced persons. With a background of government instability, hyperinflation, macroeconomic collapse, and elusive political solutions, these civil armed conflicts are ripe for persistence as complex emergencies. Indonesia has made substantial progress in domestic disaster management with the establishment of central administrative authority, strategic planning, and training programs. Nevertheless, the Indonesian experience reveals recurrent issues in international humanitarian health assistance. Clinical care remains complicated by absences of treatment protocols, inappropriate drug use, high procedural complication rates, and variable referral practices. Epidemiological surveillance remains complicated by unsettled clinical case definitions, non-standardized case management of diseases with epidemic potential, variable outbreak management protocols, and inadequate epidemiological analytic capacity. International donor support has been semi-selective, insufficient, and late. The militia murders of three UN staff in West Timor prompted the withdrawal of UN international staff from West Timor for nearly a year to date. Re-establishing rules of engagement for humanitarian health workers must address security, public health, and clinical threats.

  15. Differences in Power Structures Regarding Access to Natural Resources at the Village Level in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia

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    Jan Barkmann

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The mountain forests of the Indonesian province of Central Sulawesi include core areas of the global Wallacea biodiversity “hotspot”. Remote sensing data indicated that deforestation rates around Central Sulawesi’s Lore-Lindu National Park differ more strongly between villages than could be explained by differences in the individual characteristics of the village households as assessed by quantitative village censuses. This setting provided the background for a study into inter-village differences in power structures regarding access to natural resources. Our results are abstracted from 3*10 semi-structured, qualitative interviews with key informants from the leading groups of autochthonous and migrant households of three contrasting villages. In village A, nearly feudal power relationships are exerted by a group of local “first settler” families that dominate formal village leadership as well as the influential Council of Traditional Leaders (Lembaga Adat, and that restrict deforestation and land transactions. No such institutional restrictions exist in village C. Traditional power relationships are replaced by economic power based on petty capitalist type production of the international agricultural commodity cocoa. Deforestation is muchhigher in village C. In village B, traditional institutions and power structures still appear in place although land transactions are less restricted than in village A, resulting also in high deforestation rates. While contrasting problematic social effects, our study highlights the potential efficacy of traditional institutions in the regulation of access to resources. ----- Die Bergregenwälder Zentralsulawesis sind Teil des globalen Wallacea-Biodiversität-"Hotspots" und beheimaten viele endemische Tier- und Pflanzenarten. Die Entwaldung im Bereich des dortigen Lore-Lindu Nationalparks unterscheidet sich zwischen umliegenden Dörfern stärker, als dies durch quantitative Haushaltsdaten zu erkl

  16. Volcanostratigraphic Sequences of Kebo-Butak Formation at Bayat Geological Field Complex, Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province, Indonesia

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    Sri Mulyaningsih

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bayat Complex is usually used as a work field for students of geology and other geosciences. The study area is located in the southern part of the Bayat Complex. Administratively, it belongs to Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province. The lithology of Bayat is very complex, composed of various kinds of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, and volcanic rocks. Most of previous researchers interpreted Bayat as a melange complex constructed within a subduction zone. Kebo-Butak is one of formations that forms the Bayat field complex. The formation is composed of basalt, layers of pumice, tuff, shale, and carbonaceous tuff. Most of them are known as volcanic rocks. These imply that volcanic activities are more probable to construct the geology of Bayat rather than the subducted melange complex. The geological mapping, supported by geomorphology, petrology, stratigraphy, and geological structures, had been conducted in a comprehensive manner using the deduction-induction method. The research encounters basalt, black pumice, tuff with basaltic glasses fragments, zeolite, argilic clay, as well as feldspathic- and pumice tuff. Petrographically, the basalt is composed of labradorite, olivine, clinopyroxene, and volcanic glass. Black pumice and tuff contain prismatic clinopyroxene, granular olivine, and volcanic glasses. Feldspathic tuff and pumice tuff are crystal vitric tuff due to more abundant feldspar, quartz, and amphibole than volcanic glass. Zeolite comprises chlorite and altered glasses as deep sea altered volcanic rocks. The geologic structure is very complex, the major structures are normal faults with pyrite in it. There were two deep submarine paleovolcanoes namely Tegalrejo and Baturagung. The first paleovolcano erupted effusively producing basaltic sequence, while the second one erupted explosively ejecting feldspathic-rich pyroclastic material. The two paleovolcanoes erupted simultaneously and repeatedly.

  17. A Comparative Analysis of the Quality of Islamic and Conventional Banks’ Asset Management in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Abd. Majid, M. Shabri; Musnadi, Said; Putra, Indra Yadi

    2014-01-01

    This research empirically and comparatively examines the quality of conventional and Islamic banks’ asset management in Indonesia during the period 2009-2011. Four general conventional banks [i.e., Bank Mandiri Indonesia (BMI), Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI), Bank Central Asia (BCA), and Bank Nasional Indonesia (BNI)] and four Islamic banks (Bank Muamalat, Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia, and Bank Syariah BRI) were, respectively, explored. Specifically, the purpose of this stud...

  18. PENCEMARAN PESTISIDA PADA PERAIRAN PERIKANAN DI SUKABUMI- JAWA BARAT

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    Imam Taufik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan pestisida merupakan salah satu sumber pencemar yang potensial bagi sumberdaya dan lingkungan perairan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat pencemaran pestisida pada lahan perikanan budidaya di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat. Penelitian diawali dengan penentuan lokasi, dilanjutkan dengan pengambilan contoh (air, sedimen, biota air, preparasi, identifikasi, dan analisis data, serta pelaporan. Analisis contoh menggunakan alat Gas Chromatograph (GC. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada lahan perikanan air tawar di daerah Sukabumi terdapat residu pestisida dari golongan organoklorin, organofosfat, piretroid, dan karbamat dengan konsentrasi di bawah Batas Maksimal Residu (BMR. Jenis dan konsentrasi residu pestisida tersebut yang terbesar terdapat pada ikan, kemudian di dalam tanah dan yang terakhir adalah dalam air.

  19. A VILLAGE-SCALE TRIAL OF BAYTHROID (OMS-2012 FOR CONTROL OF THE MALARIA VECTOR ANOPHELES ACONITUS IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

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    Barodji Barodji

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengujian racun serangga baythroid 10 % wdp. tingkat pedesaan (stage IV dosis 100 mg/m2 telah dilakukan untuk menanggulangi vektor malaria Anopheles aconitus yang telah kebal terhadap DDT di daerah pedesaan dekat Semarang, Jawa Tengah. Hasil percobaan ini menunjukkan bahwa penyemprotan racun serangga baythroid efektip selama 8 minggu untuk menanggulangi populasi An. aconitus yang hinggap di kandang malam hari, di dalam rumah dan di luar rumah pada pagi hari. Sedang jumlah An. aconitus yang menggigit orang di dalam dan di luar rumah pada 3 minggu sesudah penyemprotan tampak mulai meningkat. Umur residu yang efektip racun serangga ini (kematian An. aconitus > 70 % pada permukaan bambu di dalam rumah adalah selama 5 minggu setelah penyemprotan, sedang pada permukaan kayu kematian tidak mencapai 70 %, kecuali pada penilaian minggu ke 4 setelah penyemprotan. Pengaruh fumigasi racun serangga baythroid adalah sangat lemah, kematian hanya sebesar 3,5 % di dalam rumah dan 4 % di dalam kandang pada 4 hari setelah penyemprotan. Selama percobaan tidak ditemui adanya kesulitan dalam membuat suspensi, hambatan pada tangki penyemprot, maupun masalah keracunan dalam penggunaan racun serangga ini.

  20. BENTUK ISLAM FAKTUAL: KARAKTER DAN TIPOLOGI ISLAM INDONESIA

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    Irham Yuwanamu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini berupaya menjelaskan terkait dengan Islam faktual sebagai keniscayaan yang terjadi kepada umat Islam. Bahwasanya Islam faktual merupakan bentuk keberagamaan umat muslim di dunia yang dapat dipengaruhi oleh latar sosial dan budaya masyarakat. Islam faktual dapat terjadi perbedaan di antara umat muslim yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Dalam artikel ini Islam faktual yang menjadi kajian adalah Islam Indonesia. Pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab adalah bagaimana karakter dan tipologi Islam Indonesia? Kesimpulan yang ditemukannya, bahwa karakter Islam Indonesia adalah wasatiyah dan tipologinya adalah akomodatif dengan sosio-kultur di masyarakat. Kemudian tipologi yang dikemukakan oleh Clifford Geertz dalam hal ini sudah tidak relevan lagi, khususnya untuk menggambarkan Islam Jawa sebagai contoh Islam Indonesia. Selanjutnya era kontemporer ini Islam Indonesia sebagian kecil mengalami pergeseran orientasi ke arah Islam transnasional, yakni Islam yang bermanhaj salafi. Artikel ini merupakan sebuah kajian literatur yang menggunakan bahan-bahan hasil penelitian terkait dengan tema yang menjadi objek kajian.    This article efforts to explain the associated with Islam factual as a necessity that happened to the Muslims. That Islam factual is a form of religious Muslims in the world who could be affected by the social and cultural background. Islam factual can occur differences between Muslims with each other. In this article the Islam factual  become to be studied is Islam Indonesian. Questions to be answered is how the characters and the typology of Indonesian Islam? The conclusion that the discovery, that the character of Islam Indonesian is wasatiyah and typology is accommodating to the socio-culture in society. Then typology proposed by Clifford Geertz in this case was no longer relevant, particularly to describe Islam Java as an example. Furthermore, this contemporary era Islam Indonesian in part experienced a shift in orientation toward

  1. KARAKTERISTIK GELOMBANG SIGNIFIKAN DI SELAT KARIMATA DAN LAUT JAWA BERDASARKAN RERATA ANGIN 9 TAHUNAN (2005-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Wicaksana

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Karimata strait and the java sea is one of the most densely shipping lanes in the maritime country of Indonesia. Information of a significant wave is needed to safety navigation. The prediction of a significant wave mostly employs the modeling using wind as input data to produce an early warning warning prediction. Characteristic of a significant wave shows the maximum wave height in the strait and the java sea karimata occurs in west monsoon (January and east season (August every year. Especially at the peak of west monsoon (January maximum wave height reach 1.5-3 meters in Karimata Strait, and reach 0.5-2.5 meters in Java Sea. The frequency of significant wave occurences mostly extend until February, where wave height in Java Sea will stay the same (0.5-2.5 meters, while in Karimata Strait is little bit decrease (1-2.5 meters. Recommended to all sea transportation users, in those regions during January and February, to avoid using ship with the hull is less than 3 meters height. Keywords: significant wave characteristic, Karimata Strait, Jawa Sea, Wind, Modeling

  2. Interpretations on the Geologic Setting of Yogyakarta Earthquakes 2006 (Central Java, Indonesia) Based on Integration of Aftershock Monitoring and Existing Geologic, Geophysical and Remote Sensing Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setijadji, L. D.; Watanabe, K.; Fukuoka, K.; Ehara, S.; Setiadji, Y.; Rahardjo, W.; Susilo, A.; Barianto, D. H.; Harijoko, A.; Sudarno, I.; Pramumijoyo, S.; Hendrayana, H.; Akmalludin, A.; Nishijima, J.; Itaya, T.

    2007-05-01

    The unprecedented 26 May 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake (central Java, Indonesia) that took victims of 5,700 lives was generally accepted to have a depth of about 10 km and moment magnitude of 6.4. However, the definition of location of active fault is still under debate as the epicenter of mainshock was reported quite differently by several institutions. Many researchers believe that the Opak fault which is located at the eastern boundary of Yogyakarta low-land area (or Yogyakarta Basin) and the high-land region of Southern Mountains was the source of year 2006 earthquakes. However, our result of aftershocks observation suggests that the ruptured zone was not located along the Opak fault but from an unknown fault located about 10 km to the east from it and within the Southern Mountains domain. Unfortunately, surface geologic manifestations are scarce as this area is now largely covered by limestone. Therefore the suspected active fault system must be studied through interpretations of the subsurface geology and evaluation of the Cenozoic geo-history of the region utilizing existing geologic, geophysical and remote sensing data. This work suggests that the Yogyakarta Basin is a volcano-tectonic depression formed gradually since the early Tertiary period (Oligo-Miocene or older). Geological and geophysical evidence suggest that structural trends changed from the Oligocene NE-SW towards the Oligo-Miocene NNE-SSW and the Plio-Pleistocene NW-SE and E-W directions. The ruptured "X" fault during the Yogyakarta earthquakes 2006 is likely to be a NNE-SSW trending fault which is parallel to the Opak fault and both were firstly active in the Oligo-Miocene as sinistral strike-slip faults. However, while the Opak fault had changed into a normal faulting after the Pliocene, the evidence from Kali Ngalang and Kali Widoro suggests that the "X" fault system was still reactivated as a strike-slip one during the Plio-Pleistocene orogeny. As this new interpretation of active fault causes

  3. STATUS PENGELOLAAN PERIKANAN RAJUNGAN (Portunus Pelagicus DENGAN PENDEKATAN EKOSISTEM DI LAUT JAWA (WPPNRI 712

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    Aris Budiarto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Laut Jawa (WPPNRI 712 memiliki karakteristik permasalahan dalam pengelolaan perikanan rajungan yaitu berkurangnya stok sumberdaya rajungan dan tinggi nya jumlah armada penangkapan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi pengelolaan perikanan rajungan di perairan Laut Jawa berdasarkan pada indikator pengelolaan perikanan dengan pendekatan ekosistem (Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management-EAFM. Enam domain indikator EAFM yang digunakan sebagai dasar untuk analisis adalah (1 Sumber Daya Ikan; (2 Habitat dan Ekosistem; (3 Teknik Penangkapan; (4 Sosial; (5 Ekonomi; dan (6 Kelembagaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai skor komposit EAFM tergolong kategori sedang dengan kisaran antara 1,5 – 2,5. Hasil penilaian aggregat seluruh domain diperoleh nilai skor densitas berkisar antara 6,3 – 55,9. Domain memiliki densitas tertinggi adalah domain sosial dan domain kelembagaan sebesar 54,7 dan 55,9 dengan kategori sedang. Domain habitat/ekosistem dan domain ekonomi memiliki nilai skor 36,5 dan 20,7 dengan kategori kurang. Domain sumberdaya ikan dan domain teknik penangkapan memiliki nilai skor 6,3 dan 16,3 dengan kategori buruk. Secara keseluruhan hasil penilaian indikator EAFM menunjukkan bahwa pengelolaan rajungan di WPPNRI 712 dalam kategori buruk hingga sedang. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah melaksanakan perbaikan pengelolaan perikanan rajungan secara bertahap dengan melakukan 5 (lima langkah pengelolaan yaitu; pengaturan rajungan yang boleh ditangkap, pengaturan musim penangkapan, pengendalian alat tangkap dan daerah penangkapan, perlindungan dan rehabilitasi habitat serta melaksanakan restoking.   Java Sea waters (Fisheries Management Area 712 is one of the main live crab habitat which is also the main blue swimming crab (BSC production centers in Indonesia. FMA 712 has the characteristics of BSC fishery management problems is lower stock of crabs and the high number of fishing fleet. This study was aims to determine

  4. MAKANAN TABU DI BANJAR JAWA BARAT

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    Dadang Sukandar

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem because there  are many taboo foods.  As consequences,  pregnant mother, lactating mother and children  do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status.   Objectives of this study are  1 to identify taboo foods and 2 to identify reasons of taboo foods and  3 to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training  on food and nutrition.  Study was conducted in Banjar West Java from December 2005 to November 2006.  A sample size 92 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 482. The household of population is farmer household who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had a large number of food taboo were pregnant women group and lactating mother group. There are 35 taboo foods for pregnant women and 24  taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ambon banana, bee, bee egg, cat fish, coconut plus red sugar, eel, coffee, bogo fish, fishing fish, gabus fish, gnetum gnemon and its leaf, ice, jack fruit, kind of jack fruit (kulur, kind of leaf (leaf of so, etc.  Some  taboo foods for lactating mother are banana, bean sprout, beverage made with such droplets, cucumber, eel, egg, fat food, fish, hot food, ice, innards of gurami, jack fruit

  5. KESIAPAN RUMAH SAKIT RUJUKAN HIV-AIDS DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT DALAM IMPLEMENTASI LAYANAN PENCEGAHAN PENULARAN HIV DARI IBU KE ANAK (PPIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heny Lestary

    2016-06-01

    -AIDS pada ibu rumah tangga sudah semakin mengkhawatirkan dan ibarat fenomena gunung es. Provinsi Jawa Barat sebagai salah satu dari lima provinsi tertinggi di Indonesia dengan jumlah kasus HIV-AIDS dan merupakan provinsi dengan angka kematian ibu dan bayi tertinggi. Program Pencegahan Penularan HIV dari Ibu ke Anak (PPIA merupakan program yang sudah dilakukan di Indonesia sejak tahun 2004. Kemenkes sudah menunjuk beberapa rumah sakit untuk dapat menjadi pusat rujukan PPIA di wilayahnya, namun belum diketahui bagaimana implementasinya selama ini. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui bagaimana kesiapan layanan PPIA di RS Rujukan HIV-AIDS di Provinsi Jawa Barat, yakni : RS HS, RSUD KBd, RSUD KBk, dan RS MM. Kesiapan layanan PPIA dilihat dari bagaimana kesiapan tenaga medis dan tenaga pendukung dalam memberikan layanan PPIA, kesiapan sarana dan prasarana, serta kendala layanan. Penelitian dilakukan pada tahun 2014 dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesiapan ke-empat RS berbeda-beda dalam implementasi layanan PPIA, namun sebagian besar karena ketidaksiapan dalam hal sarana prasarana (reagen, obat-obatan, alat kesehatan, ruangan, pemeriksaan laboratorium, kurangnya pelatihan, masih adanya stigma dari tenaga kesehatan, serta belum adanya jaminan keamanan dan keselamatan bagi tenaga kesehatan pemberi layanan PPIA. Kesimpulannya adalah RS HS merupakan yang paling siap dalam implementasi layanan PPIA, RSUD KBd masih harus melengkapi obat-obatan dan pemeriksaan laboratorium terkait HIV-AIDS, RSUD KBk masih memerlukan sosialisasi dan pelatihan agar tidak ada stigma dari tenaga kesehatan, RS MM masih memerlukan sosialisasi, pelatihan, kelengkapan alat pelindung diri, komitmen pimpinan dan sebagainya agar dapat segera memberikan layanan persalinan bagi ibu positif HIV. Kata kunci: HIV-AIDS, PPIA, RS, Jawa Barat 

  6. MEMAHAMI EKUITAS MEREK PERGURUAN TINGGI: PENELITIAN EMPIRIS PADA STIE SURAKARTA, JAWA TENGAH, INDONESIA

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    Elia Ardyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Measuring brand equity becomes an important part in the organization, espe­ci­al­ly college. By mea­suring the brand equity, the college would be more understanding about its brand awareness, brand asso­ciation, perceived quality, and brand loyalty. The Research problems were: (1 How were the students’ per­ception about STIE Surakarta brand awareness?(2 How were the effects of brand association and perceived quality on brand loyalty. The samples of this research were 120 students of STIE Surakarta. The analysis used description and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The results showed that (1 the brand of STIE Surakarta occupied 3rd position in the minds of consumers; (2 Brand association had positive but in­sig­ni­ficant effect on loyalty and perceived quality had positive and significant effect on brand loyalty.

  7. The Perennial Problem: The Chinese Minority in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-28

    one another at least as much as Italian from Spanish and Spanish from Portuguese.(13) Hokkiens were the first Chinese to settle in Indonesia in large...Today, the Hokkiens and their descendants are the dominant Chinese group in East Indonesia , Central and East Java, and on the We1t coast of Sumatra. A... Hokkien ) term meaning ’master.’ But in Indonesia , it is used to denote a "skillful Chinese businessman who closely cooperates as a middleman with those

  8. LEPTOSPIROSIS PADA MANUSIA DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Bina Ikawati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Leptospirosis is one of infected diseases that caused by bacteria pathogen called Leptospira Sp,transmitted direct or indirect from infected animal to human, also known as zoonotic deseases. Indonesia includein middle category for leptospirosis incidence with 1-10 per 100.000 population.Leptospirosis in Central Java at2011 reported in Demak, Purworejo, Klaten, Pati, Wonogiri, Cilacap, Jepara District, Semarang District andSemarang City. Clinical leptospirosis in Banyumas District found but underreported. Aimed of this research wasto confirm leptospirosis at human in Banyumas district. Cross sectional design by case screening in 3 hospital and2 Primary Health Care at Juni-November 2012. Sera from patient examine by leptotec IgG IgM and MAT(Microscopic Aglutination Test, risk factor tracer had been done in patient from Banyumas. As much 25 clinicalleptospirosis examinated with laboratory test showed 6 serra positive by leptotec IgG IgM and with MAT(Microscopic Aglutination Test. MAT test showed 4 sera clinical leptospirosis that reactive with Leptospira Spand 1 negative but reactive at low titre 1:80. Risk factor of leptospirosis was flood and poor housing, bad hygienesanitation, bad waste management. Leptospirosis case confirmed in BanyumasKey words: leptospirosis, Banyumas

  9. EFEKTIVITAS IMUNISASI CAMPAK DI KABUPATEN KUNINGAN, JAWA BARAT

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    Djoko Yuwono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A study to evaluate effectiveness of measles immunization programme was carried out in Kuningan regency, West Jawa province, an area with over 80% coverage of immunization. In this study interviews were conducted with 599 respondents who were parents of 0-36 months children. These interviews consist of questions about socioeconomic conditions, parent's knowledge about measles, care of measles patients and examination of measles immunity among 12-36 months old children. Sample colection were done with a modified WHO cluster sampling method. The study result shows that measles incidence is 72.7 per 1000 children of 0-36 months of age. Measles vaccination efficacy is 79.7%. Children who are at risk of measles is 1.4 times in non-immunized children compared to children who received measles vaccine. Serology examination indicated only 28.2% children who were seropositive for measles.

  10. Amblesan di daerah Porong, Kabupaten Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur

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    Untung Sudarsono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no1.20081On 29th May 2006, there was a huge mud outpouring in the Porong Subregency, Regency of Sidoarjo, East Jawa and for one year, it had flooded the area of more than 5 km2 including Porong, Tanggulangin and Jabon Sub-regencies. The mud known as Lumpur Sidoarjo. The impact of the mud outpouring was the presence of a subsidence around the main outpouring for the width of 6.3 km2 in ellipse stretching to the north. The subsidence area covered Tanggulangin Sub-regency: Kedungbendo Village, Porong Sub-regency: Siring, Jatirejo, Mindi, and Renokenongo Villages, and Jabon Sub-regency: Pejarakan and Besuki Villages. The rate of the subsidence is ap- proximately 2 cm/day.  

  11. Analisis Hubungan Pola Migrasi Penduduk dengan Transportasi Laut (Studi Kasus: Jawa – Kalimantan

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    Rizky Ramadhan Eka Putra

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Transportasi laut yang handal dibutuhkan untuk mengangkut para migran Jawa – Kalimantan karena kondisi geografisnya yang dipisahkan oleh laut. Tetapi pada saat peak time terjadi lonjakan penumpang kapal yang drastis sehingga kapal mengangkut penumpang melebihi kapasitasnya dan melebihi load factor yang diijinkan. Selain itu, terdapat beberapa kapal yang tidak cocok dioperasikan pada rute Jawa – Kalimantan. Tugas Akhir ini menganalisis tentang hubungan pola migrasi penduduk dengan transportasi laut menggunakan metode kuesioner dan analisis regresi logistik biner. Selain itu, di dalam tugas akhir ini juga berisi analisis pangsa pasar perusahaan pelayaran yang melayani rute Jawa – Kalimantan menggunakan Herfindahl-Hirschman Indeks (HHI dan perencanaan transportasi laut untuk migrasi Jawa – Kalimantan menggunakan vehicle routing problem (VRP. Hasil hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat variabel X dan atribut Y yang mempengaruhi jumlah migrasi melalui transportasi laut. Setiap lokasi penelitian menghasilkan variabel X dan atribut Y yang berbeda-beda. Di dalam analisis pangsa pasar menunjukkan PT. Pelni mempunyai pangsa pasar terbesar dan struktur pasar adalah pasar ekonomi monopoli. Pada perencanaan transportasi laut menghasilkan skenario 3.2 sebagai rute dan penugasan kapal yang optimal untuk melayani migrasi penduduk Jawa – Kalimantan beserta tarif yang akan dibebankan kepada para migran.

  12. Kembalinya Konservatisme Islam Indonesia

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    Din Wahid

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Martin van Bruinessen, ed, Contemporary Development in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the “Conservative Turn”, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2013, pp. 240 + xxxiv.Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam: Explaining the ‘Conservative Turn’ consists of four articles analyzing conservative currents among Muslims in Indonesia. The  book’s first two articles deal with established Muslim organizations, namely the Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama (MUI and Muhammadiyah, while the other two discuss radical Islamic movements in the regions of South Celebes and Solo, Central Java. Written by van Bruinessen, the book examines why the conservative trend has reemerged in Indonesian Islam. The author provides readers with two theories. Firstly, he argues that a decline in the influence of liberal thought has accompanied the democratization process. Secondly, he identifies an increase of Middle Eastern influence to Indonesia through alumni. This work shows that conservatism is not only apparent in radical Islamic movements that have emerged during the Reformation era but also present in well-established organizations such as MUI and Muhammadiyah. The significance of this work to the study of Indonesian Islam lies in its explanation of how conservatism enters those organizations.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i2.1043

  13. Pola Asuh Makan pada Balita dengan Status Gizi Kurang di Jawa Timur, Jawa Tengah dan Kalimantan Tengah, Tahun 2011

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    Merryana Adriani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Menurut UNICEF, penyebab secara langsung terjadinya kurang gizi pada balita, adalah konsumsi makanan balita yang tidak seimbang dan adanya penyakit infeksi, sedangkan faktor tidak langsung diantaranya adalahpola asuh balita. Metode: Desain penelitian dilakukan secara potong lintang. Penelitian dilakukan selama 10 bulan pada tahun 2011, di tiga provinsi yaitu Jawa Timur, Jawa Tengah dan Kalimantan Tengah. Pengumpulan data dilakukan secara kuantitatif, dengan cara wawancara menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur pada ibu balita dengan status gizi bawah garis merah (BGM. Pengambilan sampel balita BGM dilakukan secara purposive, di masing-masing lokasi penelitian. Hasil: Sebagian besar (33,3% ibu balita mempunyai tingkat pendidikan sekolah dasar (SD, dan 26,7% tamat SMP dan SMA. Di kabupaten Sumenep terdapat 45,8% ibu balita berpendidikan tamat SD, sedangkan ibu balita tamat SMA di kota Semarang dan kabupaten Gunung Mas, berturut-turut sebanyak 38% dan 35,1%. Balita kurang gizi/BGM yang mempunyai ayah dengan tingkat pendidikan tidak tamat sekolah sebanyak 16,7% ada di kabupaten Sumenep, sedangkan di kota Semarang dan kabupaten Gunung Mas sebagian besar ayah balita berpendidikan tamat SMA yaitu sebanyak 44,8% dan 35,1%. Jenis penyakit yang sering diderita oleh balita kurang gizi/BGM & gizi buruk di 3 (tiga lokasi penelitian adalah demam/panas (68,9%, batuk/pilek sebanyak 15,6% dan diare/mencret sebesar 8,9%. Pola makan yang diberikan selain ASI pada anak usia 0–6 bulan meliputi madu, air tajin, susu formula, biskuit bayi, pisang yang dilembutkan, bubur susu, makanan lunak,nasi, sayur, ikan, telur, daging sapi, jajanan dan camilan, dengan alasan agar anak mau makan dan tidak menangis. Kesimpulan: Pola makan yang kurang tepat pada balita mengakibatkan inisiasi menyusu dini dan pemberianASI ekslusif tidak dapat diterapkan dengan baik dan benar.

  14. ANALISIS MODEL KOMUNIKASI PEMBENTUKAN KONSEP KELUARGA SEJAHTERA DI INDONESIA(Studi terhadap sosialisasi program BKKBN kota Depok dan kota Bogor

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    Sri Sediyaningsih

    2014-03-01

    mempunyai jumlah penduduk terbesar di Indonesia adalah Jawa Barat yang mempunyai kepadatan penduduk 46.500 orang. Dengan kondisi ini tentu saja diperlukan stratgi komunikasi untuk memobilitas kembali kesadaran masyarakat akan pentingnya perencanaan keluarga, dan yang lebih penting lagi memahami bahwa perencanaan keluarga tidak hanya sekedar dua anakn cukup namun lebih kepada bagaimana bertanggungjawab untuk mensejahterkan anak dan mewujudkan keluarga yang bahagia lahir dan batin. Untuk itu melalui dua kota di Jawa Barat Bogor dan Depok dimana keduanya sangat dekat dengan sumber informasi atau Jakarta yang juga mempunyai tingkat tingkat penduduk pada tahap pra sejahtera masih cukup tinggi yaitu 2,46% pra sejahtera, 13,69% sejahtera 1. Sedangkan kota Bogor jumlah prosentase keluarga pra sejahtera jauh lebih tinggi daripada Depok yaitu nilai 4,07 dan keluraga sejahtera 1 hampir sama 13,41. Angka ketergantungan penduduk di kota Bogor sebesar 31.64% sedangkan kota Depok lebih kecil sebesar 39.56. %.(Sumber: Database SIAK Provinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2011. Bila dilihat dari tingkat ketergantungannya dan dibandingkan dengan usia produktif yang ada di kota Bogor dan kota Depok tersebut, yaitu 75,9% dan 73%, menunjukkan bahwa banyak usia produktif yang tidak bisa dikatakan produktif lagi. Melalui pendekatan penomenologi dan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan analisis triangulasi, maka artikel ini memberikan gambaran model komunikasi yang paling sesuai untuk mendesiminasikan konsep-konsep keluarga sejahtera.

  15. PENGARUH MEDAN LISTRIK DAN MEDAN MAGNET (MM TERHADAP FUNGSI JANTUNG DAN PEMBULUH DARAH PEKERJA OPERASIONAL PEMELIHARAAN GARDU INDUK TEGANGAN EKSTRA TINGGI PENYALURAN DAN PUSAT PENGATURAN BEBAN (P3B JAWA-BALI

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    Athena Athena

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A research regarding the effects of electric field (EF and magnetic field (MF over the personnel heart function of the Operation and Maintenance of the Extra High Voltage Substation and its Network, the Central Electric Operation and Distribution in Jawa - Bali managed by PT PLN (Persero has been done. This study is part of a research with the broader aspect performing by checking the personnel health problem in general. The research design was a cross sectional study by comparing groups of the exposed workers to electric and magnetic fields, and the non-exposed workers. Each group consists of 166 samples. The exposed workers were operators in operation and maintenance field, non-strained and strained maintenance workers, whereas the non-exposed workers were administration personnel. Data was collected by performing physical health and laboratory examinations, interviews and measuring the strength of EF and MF in the working areas. The ECG examination showed that 9.8 % out of them sujforing heart dis-function (7.4% ischemic disfunction and 2.4 % impulse dis-function. The exposed workers did have the higher percentage in impulse dis-function, which may caused by electric and magnetic field exposure from the extra high voltage substation electric network, since the heart impulse relates to electrical system in human body, even though the result of its statistical test was not significant enough (p>0. 05. Furthermore, field measurement result showed that the highest strength of electric and magnetic field of the extra high voltage substation was 34.67 kV/m (electric field and 56.0 µT (magnetic field. The levels of EF at some points in the extra high voltage substation (switchyard were exceeded the limit recommended by both The Ministry of Health Regulation 261/1998 regarding The Health Condition of Working Environment and The National Standard of Indonesia 04-0659-2003 regarding the Limit of EF and MF of SUTT/SUTET, however the levels of

  16. DETEKSI MUTASI V1016G PADA GEN VOLTAGE-GATED SODIUM CHANNEL PADA POPULASI Aedes aegypti (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE DI KABUPATEN KLATEN, JAWA TENGAH DENGAN METODE ALLELE-SPECIFIC PCR

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    Dyah Widiastuti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMeluasnya kejadian resistensi pada vektor virus Dengue di Jawa Tengah memerlukan strategi pengelolaan resistensi insektisida secara efektif. Oleh karena itu, informasi mengenai mutasi gen pada posisi 1016 di domain II segmen ke­6 gen VGSC pada nyamuk Aedes aegypti yang menyebabkan perubahan asam amino valin (V menjadi glisin (G akan dapat memperkuat penelitian operasional mengenai strategi pemilihan insektisida dalam program­pengendalian­vektor­Dengue.­Penelitian­ini­menggunakan­uji­Allele-Specific­Polymerase­Chain­Reaction(AS­PCR yang dapat mendeteksi mutasi V1016G. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 22 ekor nyamuk Aedes aegypti dari Kabupaten Klaten yang berumur 2­5 hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 22,7% nyamuk belum mengalami mutasi (V/V, 59,1% nyamuk mengalami mutasi heterozigot (V/G dan 18,2% nyamuk mengalami mutasi homozigot (G/G. Hal ini menunjukkan indikasi terjadinya resistensi populasi nyamuk Ae.aegypti terhadap insektisida sintetik piretroid yang disebabkan oleh mekanisme knockdown resistance.Kata Kunci:­Aedes­aegypti,­mutasi­V1016G,­Allele-Specific­PCR,­VGSCAbstractInsecticides resistance has spread rapidly among dengue vectors from Central Java, and require an effective insecticide resistance management strategies.one of the resistance mechanism in Aedes aegypti may arise through knockdown resistance or kdr which consists of single point mutation within the genes that are targeted by insecticide compounds. Mutation at position 1016 in domain II, segment 6 of the Voltage Gated Sodium Channel gene in Ae. aegypti leads to a valine to glycine substitution (V1016G is associated with resistance to the type II pyrethroid. The result of this study will help us to strengthen basic and operational research on the­development­of­strategies­for­Dengue­vector­control­in­Indonesia.­This­study­utilized­an­allele-specificPolymerase Chain Reaction (AS­PCR assay that could be used to detect the V1016G

  17. KESESUAIAN DAN DAYA DUKUNG WISATA PESISIR TANJUNG PASIR DAN PULAU UNTUNG JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akrom Muflih

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of research was to determine the suitability and carrying capacity of Tanjung Pasir Coast and Untung Jawa Island for tourism. Research was conducted through survey descriptively and evaluative approaches to obtain primary data while secondary data also collected as supporting. The suitability of Tanjung Pasir Beach for tourism was 83.33% (highly suitable, Untung Jawa Beach 78.57 and 85.71% (highly suitable, mangrove 56.14% (suitable, but snorkeling 42.11% (not suitable and 56.14% (suitable. Carrying capacity for tourism in the beach of Tanjung Pasir were 162 tourists/day, Untung Jawa 74 tourists/day, mangrove tourism 69 tourists/day, and snorkeling 20 tourists/day. However, the actual numbers of tourists in the region have exceeded the carrying capacity. Therefore, the control of tourists number is needed in order to match the carrying capacity of its environment as a management measure.

  18. MODEL ANTARMUKA AUGMENTED REALITY INTERAKTIF MENGGUNAKAN APPRECIATIVE LEARNING DALAM APLIKASI PEMBELAJARAN AKSARA JAWA

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    Noor Ageng Setiyanto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi Augmented Reality telah banyak digunakan dalam media pembelajaran sebagai media yang dapat membantu proses pembelajaran. Namun, peran sebagian besar penerapan teknologi Augmented Reality tersebut hanya sebatas sebagai elemen interaktif dan visual saja tanpa memiliki arah ke aktivitas pembelajaran yang terkonsep. Dalam pembelajaran bahasa dan huruf, dalam hal ini adalah aksara Jawa, aktivitas pembelajaran yang terkonsep adalah salah satu faktor vital untuk keberhasilan tujuan pembelajaran. Aksara Jawa sebagai bagian dari budaya bangsa perlu diperkenalkan sejak dini sehingga dimasukkan dalam kurikulum di sekolah. Penelitian ini membahas tentang model antarmuka manusia dan komputer berbasis augmented reality yang menyajikan aktivitas pembelajaran yang terkonsep. Konsep yang digunakan dalam pengembangan aktivitas pembelajaran adalah Appreciative Learning yang mempunyai empat tahapan dalam pengembangan aktivitas, yaitu Discovery, Design, Destiny dan Dream. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah model aktivitas yang dirancang untuk penerapan Augmented Reality dalam pembelajaran aksara Jawa. Kata Kunci : antarmuka manusia komputer, Augmented Reality, pendidikan, Appreciative Learning.

  19. Penerapan Sistem Agribisnis Peternakan Kambing Jawa Randu dalam Kerangka Pengembangan Wilayah Kecamatan Karangpucung, Kabupaten Cilacap

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    Dewi Norytyas Prihatiningrum

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Karangpucung sub-district is centers of Jawa Randu Goats ranch developed by most of the local community. Thet kind of Jawa Randu goats is the result of a cross Jawa goats with Ettawa. The result of Jawa Randu goats ranch having high devotees, not only from local people but also from outside area even outside the province. Consumers of Jawa Randu goats derived from Banyumas, Banjarnegara, Purworejo, Kebumen, West Java and city and the surrounding area. However, development costs during this is only done in a traditional manner that hereditary and some even still are subsistence or only to even support their own, and have not oriented business. Of some of the problems, can be made the formulation of the problem, namely that the activities of the development of "Peternakan Goatie Java Randu" not oriented in a system of agribusiness overall because it still had difficulty in doing downstream off-farm agribusiness subsystem. The purpose of this research is to formulate the implementation of the Jawa Randu goats ranch agribusiness  system  within the framework of the Karangpucung sub-district development. The target of this study includes:   the activity of Jawa Randu goats ranch analysis, rural-urban linkage analysis, backward and forward linkage analysis, and analysis of the application of the Jawa Randu goats ranch agribusiness system within the framework of the Karangpucung sub- district development. Analysis techniques used covering quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis used by using a calculation method that calculates farming and also feasibility  analysis  of  financial  as  well  as  calculate  the  leather  processing  industry. Whereas qualitative analysis used with a method of descriptive qualitative as well as by the use of a scheme who described the existing conditions of Jawa Randu goats ranch activities. The result from this research is the application level system from the Jawa Randu

  20. Indonesia: Internal Conditions, the Global Economy, and Regional Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leitner, Helga; Sheppard, Eric S.

    1987-01-01

    Describes recent trends in the economic and regional development of Indonesia and examines the internal and external forces influencing the process. Shows how these forces account for the rise of a strong centralized state. Discusses Indonesia's current problems. Includes tables, maps, and graphs of economic investment figures, world trade, and…

  1. Sculpture of Indonesia. [Teacher's Packet for a Teacher Workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, CA.

    This teacher's packet accompanies a slide presentation on the sculpture found in Indonesia. The packet contains: (1) a slide list with descriptions listing time period and dimensions of each piece; (2) an introductory essay describing the setting of Indonesia, the Central Javanese Period and the Eastern Javanese Period; (3) descriptions of how to…

  2. Kontroversi Theosofi Islam Jawa dalam Manuskrip Kapujanggan

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    Muhammad Irfan Riyadi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The discourse of Islamic Sufism thought in Java noted that the dynamics of the Islamic theosofi find his partner in the face of Javanese mystical thought. Islamic Sufism that puts the elements of sharia religious mysticism called Sufism shar’i or ortodoks sufism; while the advanced elements of philosophy called philosophical Sufism, this pattern is manifest that acculturative with mystical Javanese syncretic also known as heterodoks Sufism. In Javanese manuscripts poet, those patterns of sufism are always in dialogue (dialectic from time to time; since the 15th century until the 19th century or from era of sainthood untuil era poet (Pujangga Kraton Surakarta. The dialectic wide variety of books including recorded in Suluk Siti jenar, Suluk Dharmo Gandul, Suluk Sumirang, Sastra Gending, Serat Cabolek, Serat Centhini and Suluk Saloka Jiwa. This paper explores the controversial thought for between Islamic Sufism and Javanese theosofi thinking in these manuscripts. For that purpose, this study uses the theory of dialectics to explain the two ideas above dialogue by placing the poet as disseminator between the two cultures so was born a series of local wisdom in the form of a unique synthesis, elucidation of the role of the poet will be presented with the theory of cultural articulation. The conclusion of this paper is that a dialectic synthesis between Islam and Javanese mysticism theosofi was birth Kejawen institution thought, this thought was appear in religious communities in Java, a new institution with cultural psychotherapy and that applied by the community namely abangans, this institution growth supported by culture of Javanese palace tradition and spirit. Pujangga played a central role as interpreters of Islamic Sufism in the context of locality to realize a peaceful penetration.

  3. Retorik dan Makna Ideologis Karya Instalasi dalam Film Opera Jawa Garin Nugroho

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    Christian Budiman

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Film Opera Jawa karya Garin Nugroho mencoba memadukan berbagai bidang dan genre seni di dalamnya. Melalui kolaborasi dengan sejumlah maestro seni, mulai dari seni vokal dan musik Jawa, seni kostum, seni tari, sampai dengan seni instalasi yang digarap oleh para perupa seperti Entang Wiharso, Nindityo Adipurnomo, dan kawan-kawan, boleh dikatakan bahwa Opera Jawa merupakan sebuah fi lm yang sangat peduli akan visualitas. Berdasarkan pada pembacaan semiotis atas karya-karya instalasi ini di dalam konteks adegan-adegan yang terkait, dapat diketahui bahwa signifi kasi karya-karya instalasi ini pada tataran pesan simbolik telah mengedepankan konotator-konotator utama yang berupa fi gur-fi gur retorik seperti metafora, metonimi, simbol, dan personifi kasi; sementara pada dimensi ideologisnya pun tersingkap beberapa petanda konotatif utama yang sangat signifikan perannya bagi proses pemahaman atas film ini.   Kata kunci: seni instalasi, signifi kasi, retorik, ideologi. ABSTRACT The rhetorical and ideological meaning of the installation works in Opera Jawa Film by Garin Nugroho. Opera Jawa fi lm by Garin Nugroho tries to combine many kinds of art fi eld and its genre. The collaborative project carried out by some arts maestros - from the singing art and Javanese music, fashion, and the dancing art, to the installation art which was carried out by some artists, such as Entang Wiharso, Nindito Adipurnomo, and friends – could give the most signifi cant effect to Opera Jawa which pays more attention to visualization. Based on the semiotic reading to the installation works in the contexts of interrelated scenes, it can be known that the signifi cance of the installation works on the symbolic of the message level has emphasized the main connotations which consist of the rhetorical fi gures such as: metaphor, metonymy, symbol, and personifi cation. On the other hand, based on the ideological dimension, the main connotative signs which are regarded

  4. TOLERANSI ANTAR PENGANUT NAHDHATUL ULAMA, MUHAMMADIYAH, DAN KRISTEN JAWA DI BATANG

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    Adistya Iqbal Irfani,

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi bentuk toleransi dan faktor pendorong dan faktor penghambat toleransi masyarakat Jawa dengan studi kasus di Dukuh Medono Kabupaten Batang. Di dukuh tersebut, penganut organisasi agama seperti NU, Muhammadiyah dan Kristen Jawa di Dukuh Medono saling hidup rukun. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa toleransi antar penganut NU, Muhammadiyah, Kristen Jawa tampak berbagai bentuk. Antara NU dan Kristen Jawa dalam bentuk partisipasi dalam ritual tahlilan, sedangkan antar ketiganya tampak dalam bentuk kerja bakti, saling membantu dalam acara hajatan, perkawinan campur dan saling berkunjung bila ada yang sakit. Faktor pendorong toleransi antara lain budaya toleransi yang sudah lama, pernikahan antar penganut yang berbeda, sosialisasi toleransi dalam keluarga, dan kepemimpinan desa yang menekankan pentingnya toleransi. Sedangkan faktor penghambat toleransi yaitu perbedaan pandangan antar penganut NU dan Muhammadiyah dalam pelaksanaan ibadah, pernikahan beda keyakinan, dan sikap menyinggung keyakinan diantara penganut yang ada. The objective of this study is to explore forms of tolerance and the driving factor of religious tolerance in Dukuh Medono, Batang. In that village, the followers of NU, Muhammadiyah, and Kristen Jawa live peacefully and united in tolerance. The research method used here is a qualitative method with phenomenology approach. The result of the research shows that the tolerance between NU followers and Javanese Christians take the form of participation in tahlilan ritual. The tolerance between NU, Muhammadiyah followers, and Kristen Jawa followers are expressed through kerja bakti, mutual support in hajatan rituals, mixed marriage, visits to the sick, and social activities together. The factors which help to create tolerance include the culture of tolerance which exist in the village, marriages

  5. IMPLEMENTASI PENGELOLAAN AIR MINUM RUMAH TANGGA (PAM RT DI JAWA BARAT DAN (NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

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    Athena Anwar

    2016-09-01

    treatmentand safety storage. Tulisan ini merupakan bagian dari studi tentang Development Of An Evindence-BasedGuideline For Promotion Of HWTS yang dilakukan di di 3 lokasi percontohan yaitu Kota Bandung,Kabupaten Bandung, (Jawa Barat dan Kabupaten Sikka (NTT. Studi dilakukan pada tahun tahun 2008,dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana implementasi program dan pendapat masyarakat tentangpengelolaan (pengolahan dan penyimpanan air minum. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi data kualitatif(mitra dan petugas kesehatan dan kuantitatif (masyarakat. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan carawawancara menggunakan daftar pertanyaan (kualitatif dan kuesioner (kuantitatif. Pengolahan datakualitatif dilakukan dengan content dan domain, sedangkan data kuantitatif dilakukan denganmenggunakan software SPSS. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif. Hasil menunjukkan bahwapemerintah mengembangkan PAM RT bersama dengan mitra Aman Tirta (Kota Bandung, Pelita Indonesia(Kabupaten Bandung, dan Dian Desa (Kabupaten Sikka. Implementasi PAM RT dilakukan melaluibeberapa tahap, yaitu persiapan/sosialisasi, pelaksanaan, monitoring dan evaluasi.Setiap mitra mempunyaicara tersendiri dalam melaksanakan tahapan kegiatan tersebut. Hanya petugas Dinas Kesehatan KabupatenSikka yang menyatakan telah terlibat secara penuh dalam implementasi PAM RT di wilayahnya. Hasilwawancara terhadap masyarakat menunjukkan bahwa lebih dari 80% responden menyatakan metode dalamPAM RT sesuai untuk pengolahan air minum di wilayahnya. Dalam hal menjadikan kualitas air menjadilebih baik, harga bahan/alat, dan kemudahan pengeolahan air, pendapat responden sangat bervariasi.Kata kunci: PAM RT, air minum, pengolahan ait minum

  6. DERMATITIS KONTAK PADA PEKERJA YANG TERPAJAN DENGAN BAHAN KIMIA DI PERUSAHAAN INDUSTRI OTOMOTIF KAWASAN INDUSTRI CIBITUNG JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Meily Kurniawidjaja

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Factors Related to Occupational Contact Dermatitis on Workers Exposed to Chemicals used at Industrial Automotive Company. Occupational contact dermatitis is one of skin disease in industrial settings which may reduce worker productivities. The occupational contact dermatitis occurs when workers are come into contact with chemicals at part of the worker’s body. This chemical contact could lead to an occupational contact dermatitis. The objective of this research is to investigate factors related to the occupational contact dermatitis at the worker who come into contact with chemicals used in industrial automotive company in Indonesia, Cibitung Jawa Barat. The study design is a descriptive research. The research subjects were selected using a stratified random sampling, and the total subjects were 54 person. The data were collected based on physical examination by a medical doctor, and the research questionnaire. Result from this study indicated that 74% (40 workers experience dermatitis contact: acute dermatitis contact 26% (14 workers, sub acute 39% (21 workers, and chronic 9% (5 workers. Furthermore, data analysis using a multivariate statistical analysis indicated that there are three major factors related to the occurence of contact dermatitis: duration of contact, frequency of contact and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE particularly gloves. In conclusion, incidence rate of occupational dermatitis contact at industrial setting is 65%/100 worker, and prevalence rate of occupational dermatitis contact at industrial setting is 74%/100 worker. In order to minimize the occupational contact dermatitis it is recommended to raise the workers awareness, the correct type of gloves used specifically to the type of chemicals, as well as improving the workers knowledge.

  7. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR MEMBACA TEKS NOVEL BERBAHASA JAWA MELALUI SIMPLIFIKASI

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    Nike Esti Kurniawati

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian Bahan ajar teks novel berbahasa Jawa melalui simplifikasi dikembangkan atas persepsi kebutuhan peserta didik dan guru. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kebutuhan peserta didik dan guru berkaitan dengan pengembangan bahan ajar membaca teks novel melalui simplifikasi, menyusun karakteristik bahan ajar membaca teks novel berbahasa Jawa melalui simplifikasi, membuat model novel yaitu Jemini, Asmarani, dan Para Pawestri Pejuwang karya Suparto Brata sebagai bahan ajar membaca teks novel di SMA, dan memperoleh keefektifan menggunakan bahan ajar membaca teks novel melalui simplifikasi. Pendekatan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan Research and Development (R&D oleh Borg and Gall yang disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan penelitian. Langkah penelitian Borg and Gall diadaptasi menjadi tujuh tahap, yakni analisis teoretis dan praktis, analisis kebutuhan pengembangan menurut persepsi guru dan peserta didik, penyusunan draf produk, uji ahli, revisi produk, uji keefektifan produk, revisi hasil uji penggunan produk pengembangan. Hasil uji keefektifan yang dilakukan di SMA Negeri 1 Bergas menunjukkan ada peningkatan nilai rata-rata pretes dan postes pembelajaran membaca teks novel melalui simplifikasi. Uji t hitung = 9,734, sedangkan t tabel  =2,00. Artinya t hitung > t tabel. Maka dapat dikatakan produk tersebut efektifNovel text teaching materials through simplification Javanese developed on the perception of the needs of learners and teachers.This study aims to determine the needs of the students and teachers associated with the development of teaching materials text reading novels through simplification, compiling the characteristics of teaching materials text reading novels in Java through simplification, models making novel that Jemini, Asmarani, and the Pawestri Pejuwang works soeparto Brata as material instructional text reading novels in high school, and obtain the effectiveness of using text reading novel teaching

  8. MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PASCAERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI DI JAWA TENGAH DAN YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masrukin -

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan membuat model pemberdayaan masyarakat pascaerupsi Gunung Merapi di lokasi yang terkena dampak paling parah yaitu: di Desa Tlogolele Kecamatan Selo Kabupaten Boyolali, Desa Jumuyo Kecamatan Salam Kabupaten Magelang dan Desa Balerante Kecamatan Kemalang Kabupaten Klaten Provinsi Jawa Tengah serta Desa Kepuharjo Kecamatan Cangkringan Kabupaten Sleman Provinsi Yogyakarta. Menggunakan metode Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA untuk melakukan pengkajian keadaan desa secara partisipatif melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi dan focus group discussion (FGD. Hasil penelitian menunjukan dari keempat lokasi, memiliki kesamaan dalam model pemberdayaan yaitu: (1 Masyarakat  membutuhkan serangkaian kegiatan pemberdayaan secara menyeluruh, antara kegiatan penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pendampingan. Karena selama ini, masyarakat telah mendapat penyuluhan, pelatihan dan bantuan, akan tetapi untuk program pendampingan yang dibutuhkan tidak diberikan. Akibatnya kurang mendukung pada keberlanjutan, peningkatan produktivitas dan pemasaran.  (2 Masyarakat membutuhkan lembaga koperasi yang memiliki badan hukum sebagai pusat usaha perekonomian untuk memenuhi kebutuhan permodalan, bahan baku, dan akses jaringan pemasaran. (3 Masyarakat membutuhkan pelatihan secara periodik dan penguatan kembali kelompok siaga bencana di tingkat desa. AbstractThis research aims to create empowerment model after the eruption of Mount Merapi in locations most severely affected: Tlogolele Village of Selo District in Boyolali Regency, Jumoyo Village of Salam District in Magelang Regency and  Balerante Village in Kemalang District of Klaten Regency in Central Java Province and Kepuharjo Village of Cangkringan District in Sleman Regency in Yogyakarta Province. The research used Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA method for assessing participatory village situation through in-depth interviews, observation and focus group discussion (FGD. The results showed that

  9. Pemanfaatan Biji Asam Jawa (TamarindusIndica) sebagai Koagulan Alternatif dalam Proses Menurunkan Kadar COD dan BOD dengan Studi Kasus pada Limbah Cair Industri Tempe

    OpenAIRE

    Gary Intan Ramadhani; Atiek Moesriati

    2013-01-01

    Biji asam jawa yang selama ini jarang dimanfaatkan perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut untuk pengolahan limbah cair yang lebih ekonomis dan ramah lingkungan.  Kandungan polisakarida dalam biji asam jawa (Tamarindus Indica) merupakan koagulan alami yang terbukti cukup efektif dalam peningkatan kualitas air limbah. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh biji asam jawa sebagai koagulan pada limbah cair industri tempe sehingga diperoleh hasil yang optimum. Adapun yang dimaksud dengan hasi...

  10. Energy and water fluxes above a cacao agroforestry system in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, indicate effects of land-use change on local climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Falk, U.; Ibrom, A.; Oltchev, A.; Kreilein, H.; Merklein, J.; Gravenhorst, G. [Inst. of Bioclimatology, Univ. Goettingen (Germany); June, T. [Inst. Pertanian Bogor, BIOTROP-ICSEA, Bogor (Indonesia); Rauf, A. [Univ. Tadulako, Palu (Indonesia)

    2005-04-01

    Rapid conversion of tropical rainforests to agricultural land-use types occurs throughout Indonesia and South-East Asia. We hypothesize that these changes in land-use affect the turbulent heat exchange processes between vegetation and the atmosphere, and the radiative properties of the surface, and therefore, induce an impact on local climate and water flows. As part of the international research project (SFB 552, Stability of Rainforest Margins in Indonesia, STORMA) the turbulent heat fluxes over a cacao agroforestry system (AFS) were investigated, using the eddy covariance technique. These first heat flux observations above a cacao AFS showed an unexpectedly large contribution of the sensible heat flux to the total turbulent heat transport, resulting in an averaged day-time Bowen ratio of {beta} = H/{lambda}E {approx} 1. Seasonality of {beta} did mainly coincide with the seasonal course of precipitation, which amounted to 1970 mm yr{sup -1} during the investigated period. The findings are compared to investigations at four neotropical rain forests where daytime {beta} were substantially smaller than 1. All discussed sites received similar incident short wave radiation, however, precipitation at the neotropical sites was much higher. Our first observations in a nearby Indonesian upland rain forest where precipitation was comparable to that at the cacao AFS showed an intermediate behaviour. Differences in {beta} between the cacao AFS and the tropical forests are discussed as a consequence of differing precipitation amounts, and albedo. From these comparisons we conclude that conversion from tropical forests to cacao AFS affects the energy fluxes towards increased heating of the day-time convective boundary-layer. (orig.)

  11. PENGADOPSIAN TEKNOLOGI RFID DI RUMAH SAKIT INDONESIA, MANFAAT DAN HAMBATANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Vanany

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the benefit and barriers of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification technology adoption in Indonesian hospitals context. The investigation methods of this research used interview and semi-structured questionnaire on RFID consultants, RFID researchers, and big hospital managers in Java Island. The benefits and barriers of RFID technology adoption are identified from literature review. The barriers of RFID technology adoption are divided into two aspects, i.e., as business and technology aspects. The results of this study suggest that the benefits of RFID technology adoption are dominated of intangible benefit. Most of the respondents believed that the main barriers of RFID technology adoption are (1 the complexity of RFID technology (2 the lack of complete and valid information, and (3 there is no sufficient budget available. The detail of the outcomes and the implications of this reasarch are also discussed. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Makalah ini berupaya mengeksplorasi manfaat dan hambatan dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID (Radio Frequency Identification dalam konteks rumah sakit di Indonesia. Metode investigasi dari penelitian ini menggunakan wawancara dan kuesioner semi-struktur untuk konsultan, peneliti teknologi RFID dan manajer rumah sakit berkatagori besar di Pulau Jawa. Manfaat-manfaat dan hambatan-hambatan dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID telah diidentifikasi dari studi literatur. Hambatan dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID dibagi menjadi dua (2 aspek yaitu hambatan dari aspek bisnis dan teknologi. Temuan dari studi ini meyakini bahwa manfaat dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID didominasi oleh manfaat yang bersifat intangible. Sebagian besar responden meyakini bahwa hambatan utama dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID adalah: (1 kompleksnya teknologi RFID, (2 ketiadaan informasi yang lengkap dan valid, (3 tidak tersedianya anggaran yang cukup. Detail dari hasil studi dan implikasinya akan didiskusikan selanjutnya. Kata kunci

  12. PENGUKURAN MOTIVASI KERJA PANITIA PENGADAAN BARANG ATAU JASA PEMERINTAH (Studi Kasus Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jawa Tengah)

    OpenAIRE

    Darminto Pujotomo; Zainal Fanani R; Prasetyo Dwi Utomo

    2012-01-01

    Improvment Job Motivation need to organization for better job. Aims this reserach is redesign job ofprocurement comitte in Dinas Pendidikan Propinsi Jawa Tengah for improving job motivation. This reserachbased on job characteristic, such various skills, job identification, job significant, otonomy, and feedback. Themethod Job Doiagnostic Survey (JDS) from Hackman and Oldham, used for queaionaire design in comitteprocurerment responden.

  13. PENGUKURAN MOTIVASI KERJA PANITIA PENGADAAN BARANG ATAU JASA PEMERINTAH (Studi Kasus Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darminto Pujotomo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Improvment Job Motivation need to organization for better job. Aims this reserach is redesign job ofprocurement comitte in Dinas Pendidikan Propinsi Jawa Tengah for improving job motivation. This reserachbased on job characteristic, such various skills, job identification, job significant, otonomy, and feedback. Themethod Job Doiagnostic Survey (JDS from Hackman and Oldham, used for queaionaire design in comitteprocurerment responden.

  14. EKSISTENSI INDUSTRI TEPUNG IKAN DI KOTA TEGAL, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlania Erlania

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Ketergantungan industri pakan ikan terhadap bahan baku impor, termasuk tepung ikan, menyebabkan harga pakan ikan menjadi mahal, sementara produksi tepung ikan lokal belum dapat memenuhi kebutuhan industri pakan, baik dari segi kualitas maupun kuantitas. Kota Tegal, Jawa Tengah merupakan daerah penghasil ikan dengan hasil tangkapan yang masih berlimpah, sehingga di daerah ini industri tepung ikan cukup berkembang walaupun masih dengan teknologi yang sangat sederhana. Industri tepung ikan yang berkembang di kawasan pengolahan ikan di pelabuhan perikanan Kota Tegal ini menggunakan bahan baku yang berasal dari limbah industri fillet berupa kepala, tulang, kulit, sisik, jeroan, dan sisa sisa daging ikan yang menempel pada tulang. Kekurangan dari tepung ikan lokal, termasuk dari Tegal umumnya memiliki kualitas rendah dengan kandungan protein antara 37%-38% dan kadar abu yang cukup tinggi yaitu 42%-44% (tidak memenuhi standar mutu tepung ikan berdasarkan SNI 01-2715-1996/Rev. 92. Hal ini disebabkan karena rendahnya kualitas bahan baku yang digunakan. Agar produk tepung ikan lokal dapat bersaing dengan tepung ikan impor, maka perlu adanya upaya peningkatan kualitas tepung ikan melalui penggunaan bahan baku dan penerapan teknologi yang lebih baik, sehingga dapat mereduksi penggunaan tepung ikan impor khususnya dalam industri pakan ikan.

  15. KESIAPAN PUSKESMAS PONED (PELAYANAN OBSTETRI NEONATAL EMERGENSI DASAR DI LIMA REGIONAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mujiati Mujiati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKesiapan peran Puskesmas sangat penting dalam mencapai target Angka Kematian Ibu di Indonesia. Oleh karena itu,Kementerian Kesehatan RI menyediakan Puskesmas PONED, yang mampu memberikan pelayanan obstetrik neonatalemergensi dasar 24 jam, dengan tenaga terlatih, peralatan dan perbekalan yang memadai (termasuk di dalamnyaadalah alat kesehatan, obat, dan alat transportasi. Sumber data dari hasil Riset Fasilitas Kesehatan tahun 2011.Variabel tenaga kesehatan terlatih, pelayanan 24 jam, alat kesehatan dan obat serta alat transportasi dikelompokkanberdasarkan 5 regional (Sumatera, Jawa-Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, dan Indonesia Bagian Timur. Dari 1.446Puskesmas PONED, sebanyak 88,7% Puskesmas memberikan pelayanan 24 jam, melibatkan dokter 79,9%, bidan96,1%, dan perawat 32,8%. Dari 17 jenis obat dan 26 alat kesehatan (alkes standar pelayanan PONED, rata-rata angkaketersediaan di Puskesmas PONED hanya 6,06 jenis obat dan 14,12 alkes PONED, sedangkan untuk angkakecukupan, rata-ratanya adalah 5,54 jenis obat dan 12,43 alkes PONED. Sebanyak 53,3% Puskesmas PONED memilikiPuskesmas Keliling, 43,0% memiliki ambulans, dan hanya 3,7% yang memiliki perahu bermotor. Berdasarkan limaregional di Indonesia, terdapat perbedaan kesiapan Puskesmas PONED dalam hal pelayanan 24 jam, tenaga kesehatanterlatih, obat dan alkes, serta alat transportasi. Namun secara keseluruhan, regional Jawa-Bali lebih siap dibandingkandengan regional lain. Perlu perhatian dan intervensi untuk meningkatkan kesiapan puskesmas PONED, terutamameningkatkan ketersediaan dan kecukupan alat dan obat PONED, melibatkan tenaga bidan dan perawat dalampelayanan PONED, serta menyediakan dan memfungsikan pusling dan ambulans untuk pelayanan PONED.Kata Kunci: PONED, pelayanan, tenaga kesehatan, alat, obat, transportasiAbstractRoles of primary health care center (HC are very important to achieve Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR target inIndonesia. The Ministry of Health Indonesia provides Basic Emergency

  16. Pola Usaha Peternakan Kambing dan Kinerja Produktivitasnya di Wilayah Eks-Karesidenen Banyumas Jawa-Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Sodiq

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Goat farming pattern and their productivity in the area of eks-karesidenan banyumas, central java ABSTRACT. Goats play an important role in the livelihood of rural people in upland and lowland farming systems in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java. The main focus of this study presented in this paper, consist of (i documenting the regional goat farming pattern, and (ii find out the level of goat productivity in their farming. Importance of this study related to the development strategic fof their goat farming. Study was conducted in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java (consist of Banyumas, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara, and Cilacap regencies. Upland and lowland areas were selected by purposive sampling method. Qualitative and quantitative descriptive statistic was applied in this study. Most of goats are raised within traditional system, characterized by small-scale production. The production in upland and lowland areas focused on single purposes for producing kid goats from Peranakan Etawah (PE and Jawa Randu (JR breeds. PE goats focus on dual purposes for producing milk and meat are mostly found on upland. Flock size of PE and JR goats in upland and lowland ranges from 2 to 9 head (mean: 3.8 head and from 1 to 6 head (mean: 2.7 head, respectively. Flock size of PE goat focus on dual purposes ranges from 8 to 75 head. PE and JR goats in upland and lowland were dominated by double litter, followed by single and triplets. The highest litter size (1.89 kids was found in lowland, followed by single purpose of PE and JR goats in upland (1.78 kids, and dual purposes PE goats in upland areas (1.66 kids. Pre-weaning mortality was highest (9.5% in lowland areas for single purpose of PE and JR goats. Does reproduction and productivity ranges from 1.76-5.24 kids/does/year and 12.92-87.42 kg/does/year, respectively. Doe productivity was lowest (12.92 kg/does/year in single purpose of PE and JR at lowland due to low of their

  17. Children's television in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriyani, H.; Hollander, E.H.; d'Haenens, L.S.J.; Beentjes, J.W.J.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the structure, conduct, and performance of children's television in Indonesia during the last four decades, reflecting on its interaction with the government, the market, and civil society. A striking trend in Indonesia's children's television is undoubtedly its exponential gr

  18. SASTRA CYBER DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laily Fitriani

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The digital era started when the internet technology spread to the developing countries including Indonesia. The flourish of cyber literature leads to the debate on the quality of the work of literature. Above all, the existence of literature sites (cyber literature becomes an important alternative for writers and literary activist in Indonesia.

  19. STRATEGI MANAJEMEN RESIKO PETANI CABAI MERAH PADA LAHAN SAWAH DATARAN RENDAH DI JAWA JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saptana Saptana

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Red pepper farmers as the farm managers deal with risk management. Objectives of this study was to analysis farmers’ behavior in coping with risks and risks management strategy on red pepper farm management on lowland in Central Java. This study was carried out between February to March, 2009, in lowland areas in Kersana sub district, Brebes district; Karangnongko, Jogonalan, Manisrenggo, and Ngawen sub districts, Klaten district, and Teras sub district, Boyolali district, Central Java.   Decision to adopt dominant cropping pattern by including red pepper as high economic value commodity was an ex ante risk management strategy. Meanwhile, interactive risk management was carried out through over use of seeds and pesticides. If the farms failed and led to lower households’ incomes and farm sustainability, the farmers tended to employ other farm incomes, to draw savings, to sell some assets, and to borrow as the ex post risk strategy management. Implications of this study are: (i cropping patterns need to include red pepper to sustain and to improve farmers’ incomes; (ii application of hybrid red pepper varieties to cope with environmental pressure and pests’ attack; (iii farm practice technique should be locally specific based on red pepper varieties and agro ecology; (iv farm diversification and agriculture insurance could lessen production risk; and (v farmers’ group and contract farming will reduce marketing risks.

  20. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEINGINAN BERPINDAH AUDITOR (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK DI JAWA TENGAH DAN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi Permatasari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menginvestigasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keinginan berpindah auditor dari Kantor Akuntan Publik, yaitu faktor-faktor gaya kepemimpinan, konflik peran, ambiguitas peran, kesempatan promosi, kepuasan gaji, kebutuhan untuk berkembang, komitmen organisasi, dan kepuasan kerja. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua auditor yang bekerja di Kantor Akuntan Publik di Jawa Tengah dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 127 responden yang bekerja sebagai auditor di Kantor Akuntan Publik yang tersebar di Jawa Tengah dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, yaitu kota Semarang, Surakarta, Purwokerto, dan Yogyakarta. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan analisis regresi menggunakan teknik multivariat Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian hipotesis, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa keinginan berpindah auditor dari Kantor Akuntan Publik banyak dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor, seperti gaya kepemimpinan, konflik peran, ambiguitas peran, kesempatan promosi, kepuasan gaji, dan kebutuhan untuk berkembang yang dimediasi oleh variabel komitmen organisasi dan kepuasan kerja The objective of this research is to investigate the factors of auditor’s turnover intention at public accountant firms, there are leadership style, role conflict, role ambiguity, promotion opportunities, pay satisfaction, personal growth needs, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction. Population of the research is all of auditors who have been working at public accountant firms in Central Java and DIY. Whereas the sample is 127 respondents who have been working as an auditor at public accountant firms, spread in Central Java and DIY, there are Semarang, Surakarta, Purwokerto, and Yogyakarta. The hypothesis test was done by regression analysis using multivariate techniques Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. Based on the results of hypothesis test, then the conclusions are auditor’s turnover

  1. SINTESA KAJIAN STOK IKAN PELAGIS KECIL DI LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sadhotomo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sintesa status dan tren perikanan pukat cincin pelagis kecil di perairan Jawa Laut dan sekitarnya yang dilakukan berdasarkan kumpulan sejumlah hasil penelitian yang tersedia. Beberapa kajian dinamika populasi pada ikan pelagis kecil menunjukkan bahwa spesies ikan mempunyai laju pertumbuhan cepat dan mortalitas alami tinggi.  Dari analisis kohor diperoleh estimasi total biomassa yang cenderung lebih rendah dari hasil tangkapan yang dihasilkan oleh aktivitas perikanan pukat cincin, dan memberikan indikasi tidak adanya hubungan langsung antara struktur biomassa dan kelimpahan hasil tangkapan pada perikanan pelagis kecil. Perkiraan besarnya biomassa yang lebih rendah dari hasil tangkapan menunjukkan hasil yang tidak realistis, terutama pada kelompok ukuran ikan yang telah memasuki perikanan (recruitment.  Sementara, perhitungan surplus produksi dapat dilakukan setelah produksi mencapai kestabilan jangka panjang, dimana tren penurunan CPUE dibarengi oleh penurunan produksi secara bertahap dan terjadinya lebih tangkap atau telah melebihi tingkat MSY serta telah berlangsung selama beberapa tahun. Pendekatan interaksi upaya penangkapan dengan biomassa menunjukkan selama periode pemulihan stok ikan, banyak nelayan telah keluar dari perikanan tersebut.   A synthesis on small pelagic purse seine fisheries in the Java Sea and its adjacent waters based on several previous research results has been conducted.  Study on population dynamics of small pelagic fish species indicated that the small pelagic species has a rapid growth and high natural mortality rates.  Cohort analysis indicated that  estimation on total biomass tend to indicate a lower value than the landing data of small pelagic fishery, with no indication on clear  relationship between the structure of biomass and abundance in catches.  The abundance estimation based on surplus production applied when production has reached a long-term stability, and downward trend in CPUE followed by a

  2. Agarwood-planted tree inventory in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turjaman, Maman; Hidayat, Asep

    2017-01-01

    Indonesia has as a country that has a high diversity of agarwood-producing trees (APT) species compared to other countries in Asia. Unfortunately, the populations of APT species have declined significantly. The purpose of this study was to record and maps the agarwood-planted trees in Indonesia as a baseline for future management of this species. The questioners were distributed to 31 of provinces in Indonesia. The feedback came from 21 prefectures (67.7%), consisting from 121 regencies (36.6%) those in detail came from 579 district, 1,257 villages and 4,757 farmers group. The major of APT species planted by farmer groups are Aquilaria malaccensis, A. microcarpa, and Gyrinops versteegii. The potency of APT in Indonesia is 3.4 million trees, consisting from 0.2 million tree with DBH > 20 cm and 3.2 million tree with DBH Indonesia is located in Central Kalimantan (24.7%) followed by North Sumatera (17.9%). The prediction of agarwood products and its derivate will be obtained in 2020 with economic value might be reached 1.6 trillion rupiahs if the inoculation technique used the standard procedure recommended by FORDA. These results showed how huge the potential of APT will be developed in the future.

  3. REKOMENDASI SEMILOKA NASIONAL KONSERVASI BIODIVERSITAS UNTUK PERLINDUNGAN DAN PENYELAMATAN PLASMA NUTFAH DI PULAU JAWA, SURAKARTA 17-20 JULI 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AHMAD DWI SETYAWAN

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.Dengan mengucap syukur alhamdulillah, bersama ini kami sampaikan rumusan rekomendasi kegiatan “SEMILOKA NASIONAL KONSERVASI BIODIVERSITAS UNTUK PERLINDUNGAN DAN PENYELAMATAN PLASMA NUTFAH DI PULAU JAWA”, yang diselenggarakan oleh Panitia Konservasi Biodiversitas Flora dan Fauna di Gunung Lawu, Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UNS Surakarta, Kegiatan Seminar dilaksanakan pada tanggal 17-18 Juli 2000, dilanjutkan Lokakarya pada tanggal 19-20 Juli 2000. Kegiatan ini dilatarbelakangi tingginya tingkat kerusakan alam/habitat di Pulau Jawa, serta belum adanya kawasan konservasi setingkat Taman Nasional di daratan Pulau Jawa bagian tengah, khususnya Propinsi Jawa Tengah, oleh karenanya dirasa perlu adanya upaya untuk turut serta memberikan sumbang saran dalam permasalahan ini, serta mendorong terbentuknya kawasan konservasi di wilayah tersebut, sehingga usaha perlindungan, penyelamatan, penelitian dan pemanfaatkan kekayaan hayati di Jawa dapat dioptimalkan. Adapun garis besar rekomendasi kegiatan tersebut adalah:Visi: 1.Mempertahankan status Gunung Lawu sebagai sumber air bagi masyarakat di sekitarnya pada khususnya dan di Pulau Jawa pada umumnya.2.Melestarikan sumber daya alam hayati dan ekosistem di Gunung Lawu (keanekaragaman hayati sebagai modal dasar pembangunan yang berkelanjutan.Misi:1.Melakukan upaya konservasi sumber daya alam dan lingkungan di Gunung Lawu melalui pendekatan bioprospecting.2.Mengupayakan perubahan status hutan produksi di sekitar Gunung Lawu menjadi hutan lindung untuk memperluas kawasan konservasi, serta sebagai langkah awal peningkatan status perlindungan kawasan tersebut hingga tingkat taman nasional.Harapan kami, rekomendasi ini mendapatkan perhatian dan tanggapan sebagaimana mestinya, sehingga upaya pelestarian sumber daya alam dan lingkungan di Gunung Lawu khususnya dan di Pulau Jawa pada umumnya dapat menjadi agenda bersama yang mendesak untuk dikerjakan, mengingat penurunan kualitas lingkungan di

  4. Geologic map of Indonesia - Peta geologi Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigit, Soetarjo

    1965-01-01

    The geology, compiled by Th. H. F. Klompe in 1954 from published and unpublished maps of the Direktorat Geologi, has been brought up to date on the basis of investigations carried out to 1962 (Ref. Sigit, Soetarjo, "I. A brief outline of the geology of the Indonesian Archipelago, and II. Geological map of Indonesia;" Direktorat Geologi publication, 1962.)

  5. Energy in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Symon, A.

    1997-07-01

    The report surveys Indonesia`s energy sector with the following interest groups in mind: operators and equipment suppliers, investors, purchasers of Indonesian oil, gas and coal, and those working in roles concerned with energy in Indonesia. It deals with each energy source in turn: electricity, including private power; oil; gas; coal; geothermal energy; hydropower; solar and other alternative energy systems; and nuclear power. For each industry it gives an overview, discusses resources, outlines government policy and regulatory framework, gives figures for production and discusses the industry outlook. 11 figs., 71 tabs., 7 apps.

  6. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spessa, A. C.; Field, R. D.; Pappenberger, F.; Langner, A.; Englhart, S.; Weber, U.; Stockdale, T.; Siegert, F.; Kaiser, J. W.; Moore, J.

    2015-03-01

    Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Based on analyses of long, up-to-date series observations on burnt area, rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss, and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire) and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss, and weak, non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire). The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt and fire-affected area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and burnt and fire-affected area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  7. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. Spessa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Based on analyses of up-to-date and long series observations on burnt area and rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall, and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss and weak non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire. The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and with burnt area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics, rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  8. Perkiraan Biaya Operasi dengan Mempertimbangkan Kondisi Kontingensi di Sistem Jawa Bali 500 KV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachmad Nur Priyanto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Secara umum, pengoperasian sistem tenaga bertujuan untuk meminimalkan biaya operasi atau  fuel cost. Untuk mempertimbangkan factor teknis, pengoperasian sistem tenaga listrik juga harus mempertimbangkan kapasitas generator, kapasitas saluran dan batasan tegangan. Kondisi kontingensi dimana saluran mengalami gangguan hubung singkat dan harus dilepas secara paksa jarang dipertimbangkan dalam meminimalkan biaya operasi. Tugas akhir ini dilakukan  untuk mengetahui dampak penyertaan kondisi kontingensi dalam pengoperasian sistem tenaga. Untuk menghitung biaya operasi, Optimal Power Flow (OPF dipakai dengan menggunakan metode Sequential Quadratic Programming dilakukan dengan menggunakan program Matpower yang dimodifikasi. Dari hasil simualsi biaya operasi pembangkit tenaga listrik pada sistem kelistrikan Jawa Bali 500 kV dengan penyertaan kondisi kontingensi akan semakin mahal dibandingan biaya operasi dalam kondisi normal. Penambahan beban pada sistem disertai kontingensi mengakibatkan load  shedding pada sistem jawa Bali 500 KV.

  9. Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Malaria di Indonesia (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rika Mayasari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is still endemic in most areas of Indonesia. Indonesia incluted the eastern part of the high malaria stratification, while Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra are being incluted in the medium stratification. Java and Bali are low endemic even though there are some villages of high endemic. Health status in an area is affected by four factors that are related and influenceach other, namely environmental, behavioral, health services and the off spring factors. Individual risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of malaria infection are age, gender, pregnancy, genetic, nutritional status, activities out of the house at night and contextual risk faktors (environment, seasons, social economy. The purpose of this research was to analyze the risk factors associated with the occurrence of malaria in Indonesia based on the data of basic health research (Riskesdas by 2013. There were 19 individual factors showed significantly with malaria risk. History of insecticide spraying (and use of household insecticides was not significantly associated with malaria risk. The greatest risk factor for malaria infection was the use of mosquito nets of nineteen individual factors there is one factors that was not a risk factor for the occurrence of malaria infection which is the factor home insect repellent/insecticide spraying. The greatest risk factor was the use of mosquito nets (OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.28-4.12 while the smallest was the travel time to the midwive services (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.55-0,19.Keywords : Risk Faktors, Malaria, IndonesiaAbstrakMalaria masih endemis di sebagian besar wilayah Indonesia. Indonesia bagian timur masuk dalam stratifikasi malaria tinggi, sementara Kalimantan, Sulawesi dan Sumatera masuk dalam stratifikasi sedang. Daerah Jawa dan Bali masuk dalam stratifikasi rendah, namun masih terdapat desa dengan angka kasus malaria yang tinggi. Status kesehatan disuatu daerah dipengaruhi oleh empat faktor yang berhubungan dan saling

  10. ESTIMASI PARAMETER POPULASI IKAN TONGKOL KOMO (Euthynnus affinis) DI PERAIRAN LAUT JAWA

    OpenAIRE

    Umi Chodrijah; Thomas Hidayat; Tegoeh Noegroho

    2016-01-01

    Tongkol komo (Euthynnus affinis) yang dikenal dengan nama perdagangan kawa-kawa termasuk dalam family Scombridae. Sebagai ikan pelagis mereka membentuk gerombolan, perenang cepat dan pemakan daging (carnivore). Penelitian tentang estimasi parameter populasi ikan tongkol komo di Laut Jawa didasarkan pada pengumpulan data di Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Pekalongan, pada bulan Februari-Desember 2012. Analisis parameter populasi menggunakan program “Electronic Length Frequency Analysis (ELEFAN-1...

  11. ARCA DWARAPALA PADA CANDI-CANDI BUDDHA DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyu Sarjanawati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Temple as a product of the culture of Hindu-Buddhist period is the building that describes the concept of cosmogony and a replica of Mount Mahameru the place of the gods. Dwarapala statue is one of the guards in almost Javanese temple. The existence of this statue in the temple (depiction microcosm has a meaning. Problems which will be solved, namely: (1 where the statue Dwarapala placed in the temple Plaosan and the temple Sewu (2 how is the depiction of Dwarapala statues in the temple Palosan and the temple Sewu? Gana figure that became the object of the study were analyzed with hermeneutical analysis. Hermeneutical analysis of the statue Dwarapala can only be done if the information about these statues is known. From the results of research and discussion can be seen that the meaning of the statue at Buddhist temple Dwarapala not be separated from the concept of cosmogony. Portrayal system was adapted to the function of these statues at the temple. So it can be said that the statues have meaning that Dwarapala is a portrayal of religious situation in the Hindu-Buddhist and the symbol of the world above (heaven. The placement of temple statues Dwarapala complement cosmogony concept representations, thus building meaning of worship into a whole. Keywords:  Dwarapala, temple, hermeneutic   Candi sebagai produk dari budaya masa Hindu-Buddha adalah bangunan yang menggambarkan konsep kosmogoni dan replika Gunung Mahameru tempat para dewa. Patung Dwarapala adalah salah satu penjaga di kuil hampir Jawa. Keberadaan patung ini di candi (mikrokosmos penggambaran memiliki arti. Masalah yang akan dipecahkan, yaitu: (1 bagaimana patung Dwarapala ditempatkan di candi Plaosan dan candi Sewu (2 bagaimana penggambaran patung Dwarapala di candi Palosan dan candi Sewu? Gana sosok yang menjadi objek penelitian dianalisis dengan analisis hermeneutis. Analisis hermeneutis patung Dwarapala hanya dapat dilakukan jika informasi tentang patung-patung ini dikenal

  12. Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 38. Pro-poor Energy Strategy in Central Java

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumardi, R. Rizal Isnanto; Firdausi, Aulia Latifah Insan [Diponegoro University, Semarang (Indonesia)

    2012-01-15

    The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects.

  13. Indonesia in 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Gunn, Geoffrey C.

    2014-01-01

    Ahead of upcoming elections, expectations ran high in 2013 across the archipelago for a highly pluralistic electorate. With China as a leading trading partner, the backdrop for Indonesia was steady economic growth, albeit checked by a sliding currency, a current account deficit, and a depressing culture of corruption. Mixing commerce and geopolitics, China, the U.S., and Japan all turned to Indonesia to expand their influence.

  14. PURWARUPA PEMBELAJARAN MANDIRI SISTEM APLIKASI AKUNTANSI UMKM BERBASIS WEB DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN USAHA MASYARAKAT JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Lestiawan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan mendasar dari pengelola UMKM adalah lemahnya pengetahuan tentang akuntansi dan pembuatan format laporan keuangan yang akuntabel. Selain itu salah satu kendala pelayanan di Balai Pelatihan Koperasi dan UMKM propinsi Jawa Tengah adalah waktu diklat yang membutuhkan waktu selama satu minggu sedangkan pelaku UMKM harus meninggalkan usahanya dan ini akan berdampak pada proses usahanya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah merancang bangun purwarupa pembelajaran mandiri sistem aplikasi akuntansi UMKM berbasis web yang mendukung UMKM untuk meningkatkan usaha dan menghasilkan laporan keuangan yang memenuhi standar akuntansi yang dipersyaratkan oleh lembaga keuangan. Pembelajaran Mandiri Sistem Aplikasi Akuntansi berisi pembelajaran akuntansi dan aplikasi akuntansi UMKM yang dapat menyusun laporan keuangan yang akuntabel yang dapat dipelajari berbasis web sehingga dapat diakses kapanpun dalam rangka peningkatan usaha masyarakat Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian adalah dibangunnya software purwarupa  pembelajaran mandiri sistem aplikasi akuntansi berbasis web bagi UMKM. Software  pembelajaran mandiri sistem aplikasi akuntansi berbasis web ini, diharapkan memberikan kemudahan UMKM dalam mengelola berbagai sumber daya keuangan di UMKM yang bersangkutan, untuk lebih efektif, efisien, selain itu mempermudah pengendalian dan pembinaan terhadap UMKM Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Kata kunci: UMKM, aplikasi, akuntansi

  15. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

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    Ratih Rosita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance.

  16. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance. Keywords: palm oil, CPO consumption, Error Correction Model

  17. PROSPECTIVE ISLAMIC LAW IN INDONESIA

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    Mohdar Yanlua

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the Prospective Islamic law in Indonesia. The enforcement of Islamic law in Indonesia experienced the ups and downs, ranging from the colonial period with the Government of Indonesia to the Netherlands in order to reform it.In this study it was found that a prospective law of Islam in Indonesia the development of any regime of the Government of Indonesia is experiencing developments. By the Government of Indonesia does not accept or reject the extremes, but instead selectively receive (not the totality and gradual.Such a step is done for the sake of maintaining the stability and integrity of the country.

  18. Designing an Integrated Financial Supervision Agency: Selected Lessons and Challenges for Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Siregar; Willam James

    2004-01-01

    Having initiated reforms in its financial sector in late 1997, the government of Indonesia introduced a new central bank independence act in early 1999. The next task for the government of Indonesia is to devise a safety net system for the financial sector. This study draws essential lessons from the experiences of other countries to highlight a number of key challenges facing Indonesia, especially at early stages of designing its unified financial sector supervisory agency.

  19. Kebudayaan dan Agama Jawa dalam Perspektif Clifford Geertz

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    Nasruddin Nasruddin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Talking about Javanese culture, anthropologist will often refer to Geertz’s thesis of santri-abangan-priyayi. Geertz’s book, Religion of Java, has been a “holy book” for those who concerns for observing and researching Javanese culture and society. In this context, Geertz has acknowledged a theory of social system of Javanese people. In his another book, Interpretation of Culture, Geertz identifies culture based on the last-concept of Kluckholn. He sets culture as a text which has to be meaningfully interpreted, not only as a concrete manner. In addition, he sets religion as cultural values within is embodied within the meanings. Everyone can interpret and experience those meanings in his own approach. Since Geertz conducted a study on The Religion of Java, the study continues, either agree or disagree with him. This article deliberately take the starting point of Geertz’s studies related to the concept of trichotomies; students, abangan and priyanyi. Although this has led to the concept of trichotomies to pros and cons among scientists, but the thing that needs to be underlined is that Geertz's conception of Islam of Java are a source of inspiration for the study of Islam in Indonesia. In addition, this article not only discusses about Geertz’s concept of religion, but also the concept of Islamic Religion in Indonesia.

  20. Language in education: The case of Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nababan, P. W. J.

    1991-03-01

    Although over 400 languages are spoken in Indonesia, by 1986 60% of the population had some competence in the Indonesian national language, a substantial increase over 1971. Bahasa Indonesia was declared the state language in the 1945 constitution, and reformed spelling was agreed in 1972. It is the sole medium of instruction, except in the first three grades of elementary school in nine regions, where vernaculars may be used transitionally. Thereafter vernaculars are taught as school subjects. Bilingualism, and even multilingualism in Indonesian and one or more vernaculars and/or foreign languages is increasing, and despite the use of Indonesian for official documentary purposes at all levels it does not appear that vernaculars are dying out, although their spheres of use are restricted. Bahasa Indonesia fulfils the four functions: cognitive, instrumental, integrative and cultural, while vernaculars are only integrative and cultural. The curriculum of Indonesian, established centrally, is pragmatic or communicative. It is expressed in a standard syllabus for course books. This approach equally applies to foreign languages, which are introduced at secondary level, although here receptive reading is given more weight than productive skills. A full description of the syllabus organization of the various languages is given. Nonformal language learning also takes place, in the national basic education and literacy programme, which teaches Bahasa Indonesia, and in vocational courses in foreign languages for commerce.

  1. Indonesia lowers infant mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, S

    1991-11-01

    Indonesia's success in reaching World Health Organization (WHO) universal immunization coverage standards is described as the result of a strong national program with timely, targeted donor support. USAID/Indonesia's Expanded Program for Immunization (EPI) and other USAID bilateral cooperation helped the government of Indonesia in its goal to immunize children against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, and measles by age 1. The initial project was to identify target areas and deliver vaccines against the diseases, strengthen the national immunization organization and infrastructure, and develop the Ministry of Health's capacity to conduct studies and development activities. This EPI project spanned the period 1979-90, and set the stage for continued expansion of Indonesia's immunization program to comply with the full international schedule and range of immunizations of 3 DPT, 3 polio, 1 BCG, and 1 measles inoculation. The number of immunization sites has increased from 55 to include over 5,000 health centers in all provinces, with additional services provided by visiting vaccinators and nurses in most of the 215,000 community-supported integrated health posts. While other contributory factors were at play, program success is at least partially responsible for the 1990 infant mortality rate of 58/1,000 live births compared to 72/1,000 in 1985. Strong national leadership, dedicated health workers and volunteers, and cooperation and funding from UNICEF, the World Bank, Rotary International, and WHO also played crucially positive roles in improving immunization practice in Indonesia.

  2. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

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    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatization in the New Order era, and is now experiencing ambiguity in the Reformation era. Indonesian women's political participation need to find a strong platform to promote the aspirations of his peopleKeywords: partisipation, representation, domestification, stigmatization, and women politic.Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis histo-risitas partisipasi politik dan keterwakilan perempuan dalam lanskap politik di Indonesia. Tu-lisan ini menggunakan perspektif teori feminisme sebagai analisis inti dalam meninjau isu nya. Periodisitas partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia sangat fluktuatif dan tergantung pada situasi politik kontemporer. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia di era kolonialisme mengalami domestikasi, revivalisme di era Soekarno, stigmatisasi di era Orde Baru, dan sekarang mengalami ambiguitas dalam era Reformasi. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia perlu menemukan platform yang kuat untuk memperjuangkan aspirasi rakyatnyaKata kunci: partisipasi, representasi, domestifikasi, stigmasi, politik perempuan  

  3. The influences of solar radiation changes on the meteorological variables during the total solar eclipse of 9th March 2016 in Central Bangka, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandini, Ryantika; Ardi, NanangDwi; Iid Mujtahiddin, M.

    2016-11-01

    Observations of the meteorological variables have been conducted in Terentang coastal area, Central Bangka which is located in totality path of Total Solar Eclipse on March 9, 2016. These measurements were made before, during, and after the solar eclipse using a portable automatic weather station with 1 Hz data recording to investigate the influence of total solar eclipse on the incoming solar radiation and other weather variables. Due to the cloudiness at the first phase of the eclipse, the reduction of the radiation was not proportional to the percentage of the solar obscuration. Along with the disappearance of thick clouds, solar radiation changes reach the lowest value from 123 W/m2 to zero point at 5 minutes before the maximum phase. In contrast to the radiation decrement, decreasing air temperature was not comparable to the solar obscuration because it was not only determined by radiation, but also surrounding environment. High relative humidity, on average 89%, was discovered as an effect of the low atmospheric pressure which was affected by the insolation decline. The effect of total solar eclipse can be seen more clearly with spectrum analysis using Fourier transformation to identify periodogram patterns of each meteorology variable. This transformation produced a spectrum's peak totality which is higher than before and after the event on the insolation. The spectrum represents that total solar eclipse has considerable effect to the incoming solar radiation and others which is indicated by the change of the amplitude.

  4. CLINICAL LABORATORY PARAMETERS AMONG ADULT MALES DURING A PRIMAQUINE CHEMOPROPHYLAXIS TRIAL IN IRIAN JAYA, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Fryauff

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Primakuin yang digunakan sebagai profilaksis malaria terbukti efektif dan diterima dengan baik oleh tubuh manusia yang normal terhadap aktivitas enzim 6 glukosa-6 fosfat dehidrogenase (G-6PD. Pemeriksaan laboratoris klinik adalah bagian dari uji coba secara acak dengan kontrol plasebo dalam rangka mengevaluasi penggunaan primakuin sebagai profilaksis pada penduduk transmigran yang tidak kebal di Irian Jaya. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap 129 pria Jawa dewasa yang normal G-6PDnya. Pemeriksaan hematologi, fungsi hati dan ginjal, dan pemeriksaan limfosit dilakukan berulang kali selama waktu penelitian profilaksis dilakukan untuk menjamin keamanan dari sukarelawan tersebut dan mengawasi perubahan yang mungkin terjadi akibat obat profilaksis. Seperti yang diperkirakan, pengguna primakuin tidak menunjukkan gejala peningkatan methemoglobin yang kembali dalam batas normal setelah 7 hari pemberian dosis terakhir. Pada akhir penelitian (12 bulan profilaksis nilai hematologi, fungsi hati dan ginjal, dan nilai limfosit dari kelompok primakuin sebanding dengan kelompok plasebo, dan berada dalam batas nilai normal untuk orang Indonesia.Hasil penelitian ini memberikan masukan adanya keluhan fisik yang sedikit dari sukarelawan pengguna profilaksis primakuin. Untuk membuktikan hasil penelitian ini dan mempersiapkan penggunaan secara umum primakuin untuk profilaksis malaria, perlu dilakukan uji coba lebih lanjut keamanan primakuin. Di Indonesia, primakuin tidak digunakan sebagai profilaksis dan laporan hasil penelitian ini hendaknya tidak ditafsirkan sebagai laporan keamanan dari primakuin.

  5. KUALITAS BAHAN MAKANAN DAN MAKANAN JAJANAN YANG DIJUAL DI PASAR TRADISIONAL DI BEBERAPA KOTA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supraptini Supraptini

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pasar tradisional merupakan fasilitas umum untuk tempat jual beli bahan makanan/ makanan jajanan yang banyak dikunjungi masyarakat . Di Indonesia terdapat sekitar 13.450 pasar tradisional dengan 12.625 juta pedagang beraktivitas di dalamnya.  Selama ini masih sering terjadi keracunan makanan di masyarakat, oleh karena itu perlu diteliti kualitas makanan/ bahan makanan yang dijajakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengukur kualitas makanan (bahan makanan dan makanan jajanan yang dijual di pasar tradisional. Populasi adalah pasar tradisional yang sudah pernah dibina oleh Ditjen PP-PL. Sampel diambil secara purposif dari pasar yang telah dibina, kemudian diambil pasar yang mewakili daerah Jawa (Kab.Sragen dan Bali (Kab.Gianyar karena daerah Sumatera yang tadinya akan diwakili pasar Payakumbuh tidak dapat dilakukan akibat gempa yang menghancurkan pasar tersebut. Penelitian diaksanakan buan Februari – Nvember 2010. Metode pemeriksaan cemaran bakteriologi pada sampel makanan dengan Profile Method. Pemeriksaan cemaran kimia pada sampel uji petik makanan dengan Comparation Method, dan amino antipirin method. Dari hasil pemeriksaan beberapa makanan jajanan baik di pasar yang dibina maupun belum dibina mengandung bahan pewarna Rhodamin-B pada kue mangkok merah, cenil warna merah, kue ku merah, geplak merah, roll cake merah-kuning kerupuk warna-warni, kembang goyang orange mengandung Rhodamin-B. Methanyl Yellow ditemukan pada kerupuk warna-warni. Selain itu pengawet bahan makanan formalin ditemukan pada mie kuning di pasar yang dibina. Hasil pemeriksaan bakteriologis E. coli dan Coliform pada semua sampel daging negatif, tetapi ada beberapa sampel total mikroba positif antara 104 sampai dengan 107, yang artinya masih ada pencemaran mikroba lain selain E. coli dan Coliform. Kualitas air bersih yang digunakan di sebagian besar pasar tradisional masih memenuhi persyaratan Permenkes No.41/1999. Kesimpulan : Beberapa bahan makanan dan makanan jajanan yang dijual

  6. VERNAKULARITAS LOS, BANGUNAN PENGERING TEMBAKAU DI KABUPATEN KLATEN, JAWA TENGAH

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    Titien Saraswati

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The tobacco plantation in the area of Klaten Regency has many huge barns for drying tobacco since the year of 1850s, named los. The los(es can be found in remote area in the villages; such as in Bendo Gantungan, within Gayamprit tobacco plantation. In other area, some of the los(es can be seen from the main road or from the train within Yogyakarta - Surakarta; but they are not as many as in the year of 1970s – 1980s. The finding of this research confirms that los has high vernacular value. This can be shown not only from its organization of space; but also from its form, its local materials, and its local technique. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia:

  7. Gynecological cancer in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, M Farid

    2009-03-01

    To overview the status of gynecologic cancer in Indonesia. Information regarding Indonesia obtained from World Bank Report and Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2007, epidemiological data obtained from Histopathological Data of Cancer in Indonesia 2002, Department of Health-Registry Body of Indonesian Specialist of Pathology Association-Indonesian Cancer Society; Various Hospitals in big Cities in Indonesia. Indonesia is an Archipelago with a total area of 1,922,570.00 km(2), the population is 222,192,000 (2006), the fourth world rank. Female is 49.86% with life expectancy 69 years. Gross National Product per Capita is 690.00 USD. Histopathological report in 2002 revealed that cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and uterine cancer were the most frequent cancer among female, which were the first (2,532 cases), the third (829 cases) and the eighth (316 cases) rank respectively. The peak age for cervical, uterine and ovarian cancer was 45-54 years. HPV 16, 18 were found in 82% of invasive cervical. Data from various academic hospitals in 2007 showed that cervical cancer is the most common malignancy followed by ovary, uterus, vulva and vagina. Five-year survival rate of stage I, II, III, IV cervical cancer were 50%, 40%, 20%, and 0% respectively. Overall five-year survival rate of carcinoma of the ovary was 54.8%. If sub-classified by stage, five-year survival rate are 94.3%, 75.0%, 31%, and 11.7% for stage I, II, III, and IV respectively. Five-year disease-free survival rate of endometrial cancer was 71.9%. Indonesia is the biggest Archipelago with a dense population but the income per capita still low (poor country). The most common gynecologic cancer is cervical cancer, followed by ovarian and uterine cancer. These cancers are included in top ten cancers in Indonesia. HPV 16, 18 were the most cause of cervical cancer. The five-year survival rates are comparable with world report.

  8. Snakebite in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randy Adiwinata

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia as one of the largest tropical and agricultural countries in the world shared the particularly high burden cases of snakebite. In the last decade, World Health Organization (WHO has listed snakebite as one of the neglected tropical disease. The clinical manifestations of snakebite could vary according to the type of venoms ranging from mild to life threatening condition. Appropriate first aid treatment and comprehensive management of snakebite cases are warranted to reduce mortality and morbidity rates. Key words: snakebite, neglected tropical disease, Indonesia, treatment, antivenom

  9. Turning point for Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, R.

    2006-07-21

    Indonesia's government has started to reform its subsidies policy, but structural reforms are needed to encourage more foreign investment. In 2005, Indonesia's coal production increased by 11% to 146.8 Mt, PT Bumi Resources being the largest producer. In March 2006 Bumi announced the sale of its coal interests to a consortium of foreign and Indonesian investors. Other major producers, PT Adaro, PT Berau Coal, PT Kideco and state-owned PT Bukat Asam all increased production in 2005. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  10. The progress on governing REDD+ in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mas Achmad Santosa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is one of the ten most forest-rich countries in the world. Almost 70 per cent of Indonesia’s mainland is covered with forest. However, Indonesia faces one of the highest rates of forest loss in the world. Deforestation and forest degradation accounts for more than 60 per cent of carbon emissions in Indonesia. Being aware of that fact and the danger of climate change, in October 2009, Indonesia voluntarily committed to reduce emissions by 26 per cent from business as usual by 2020 through national efforts, and by 41 per cent with international support. Indonesia’s commitment has gained international support; chiefly from Norway, which signed a Letter of Intent on 26 May 2010. To formalise the commitment, Presidential Decree No 19/2010 on Task Force for the preparation of REDD+ Agency and Presidential Instruction No 10/2011 on moratorium on new licenses and improvement of natural primary forest and peat land governance have been issued. The Presidential Decree ended on 30 June 2011 and was continued by Presidential Decree No 25/2011, which was later amended by Presidential Decree No 05/2013. The third Presidential Decree will conclude in the middle of 2013. The expected outputs are: establishment of a New REDD+ agency; measurement, reporting and verification instrument; funding instrument; improvement on forest governance, including legislative reform, law enforcement and administrative procedures; and gazetting forest areas and consolidating licenses through legal audit and legal compliance or legal due diligence in the pilot province. The new REDD+ Agency is expected to be established in 2013. The Agency will be an independent central agency, directly responsible to the President of the Republic of Indonesia, and will be responsible for leading and coordinating the national effort to reduce the country’s carbon emission.

  11. Field measurements of trace gases and aerosols emitted by peat fires in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, during the 2015 El Niño

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockwell, Chelsea E.; Jayarathne, Thilina; Cochrane, Mark A.; Ryan, Kevin C.; Putra, Erianto I.; Saharjo, Bambang H.; Nurhayati, Ati D.; Albar, Israr; Blake, Donald R.; Simpson, Isobel J.; Stone, Elizabeth A.; Yokelson, Robert J.

    2016-09-01

    Peat fires in Southeast Asia have become a major annual source of trace gases and particles to the regional-global atmosphere. The assessment of their influence on atmospheric chemistry, climate, air quality, and health has been uncertain partly due to a lack of field measurements of the smoke characteristics. During the strong 2015 El Niño event we deployed a mobile smoke sampling team in the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan on the island of Borneo and made the first, or rare, field measurements of trace gases, aerosol optical properties, and aerosol mass emissions for authentic peat fires burning at various depths in different peat types. This paper reports the trace gas and aerosol measurements obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, whole air sampling, photoacoustic extinctiometers (405 and 870 nm), and a small subset of the data from analyses of particulate filters. The trace gas measurements provide emission factors (EFs; grams of a compound per kilogram biomass burned) for up to ˜ 90 gases, including CO2, CO, CH4, non-methane hydrocarbons up to C10, 15 oxygenated organic compounds, NH3, HCN, NOx, OCS, HCl, etc. The modified combustion efficiency (MCE) of the smoke sources ranged from 0.693 to 0.835 with an average of 0.772 ± 0.053 (n = 35), indicating essentially pure smoldering combustion, and the emissions were not initially strongly lofted. The major trace gas emissions by mass (EF as g kg-1) were carbon dioxide (1564 ± 77), carbon monoxide (291 ± 49), methane (9.51 ± 4.74), hydrogen cyanide (5.75 ± 1.60), acetic acid (3.89 ± 1.65), ammonia (2.86 ± 1.00), methanol (2.14 ± 1.22), ethane (1.52 ± 0.66), dihydrogen (1.22 ± 1.01), propylene (1.07 ± 0.53), propane (0.989 ± 0.644), ethylene (0.961 ± 0.528), benzene (0.954 ± 0.394), formaldehyde (0.867 ± 0.479), hydroxyacetone (0.860 ± 0.433), furan (0.772 ± 0.035), acetaldehyde (0.697 ± 0.460), and acetone (0.691 ± 0.356). These field data support significant revision

  12. Studi Hubungan Budaya dengan Aglomerasi Ekonomi (North-South Corridor Di Jawa Timur

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    Rachmad Kresna Sakti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   There are two things that commonly identify economic activitivities spacially such as concentration and imbalance.  East Java has two concentration poles of Java economic activities spacially. One of the concentration areas in East Java is in Surabaya, and that concentration activity is called North-South Corridor which is close to temple/ archeological site in East Java. Based on the fact, this research answers some questions like (1 Is there any interaction between culture dimension (the people and economic dimension? (2 How does culture dimension interacts with economic dimension? The aims of the research are (a To know the interaction between culture dimension (the people and economic dimension partially and cumulatively, so there will be North-South Corridor in East Java; (b To know the flow of mechanism from the detail of culture dimension interacting with economic dimension. The research was done outside North-South Corridor  area in East Java. The result of the research shows (1 there is a relationship between culture and economic dimension. It can be showed from the difference of each economic subject both inside and outside North-South Corridor in facing Hofstede Culture; (2 the difference of culture is formed by the environment of area inside and outside North-South Corridor.   Keywords: North-South Corridor, culture, economic concentration   ABSTRAKS   Terdapat dua hal yang seringkali menjadi ciri menonjol dari kegiatan perekonomian secara spasial, yaitu adanya konsentrasi dan ketimpangan. Di Pulau Jawa Terdapat dua kutub konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi di Jawa secara spasial. Salah satunya wilayah konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi di Surabaya Jawa Timur. Konsentrasi kegiatan tersebut dikenal dengan koridor utara – selatan. Menariknya koridor Utara-Selatan berhimpit dengan letak situs purbakala/candi di Jawa Timur.  Berpijak pada kesenjangan realita tersebut, penelitan ini berusaha menjawab pertanyaan berikut, (1 apakah

  13. Bandung City, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tarigan, A.K.M.; Sagala, S.S.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Fiisabiilillah, D.F.; Simarmata, H.A.; Nababan, M.

    2016-01-01

    Bandung City has grown to become a very important centre in Indonesia, demonstrating a higher economic growth rate than the national average. It has experienced many challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation, including slums, basic infrastructures, and flooding. Despite such issues, a gradual imp

  14. My Classroom: Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balazs, Erica

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the teaching experiences of Alief Noor Farida--a junior lecturer at Indonesia's "Universitas Negeri Semarang" (Semarang State University [UNNES]). Now teaching her fourth semester and an alumna of the English Education program at UNNES, Ms. Farida is an especially motivated and dedicated educator. She teaches 18…

  15. ANALISIS EKSPOR KOPI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRI - WIDAYANTI

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   This study aimed at analyzing, firstly, the factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia; secondly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee supply; and thirdly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee demand. This research used secondary data, time series data of 1975–1997 which were collected from many resources, i.e. Statistical Center Bureau (BPS, Trade Department, Indonesian Coffee Exporter Association, Forestry and Commercial Agricultural Enterprise Department, and the Indonesian Bank. The factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia as well as the domestic coffee demand and supply were analyzed by simultaneous equation model in the form of double logarithm using the two stage least square method (2SLS. The research results show that the factors influencing the export quantity of coffee were the coffee FOB price, the coffee price in domestic markets, the exchange rate and the coffee supply of the previous year. The coffee export price had negative correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia with export supply elasticity toward the export price of 2.04. In other words, the increase of coffee export price was followed by the decrease of coffee export quantity. This condition was due to the low quality of the coffee export of Indonesia. The coffee price at domestic markets has positive correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia. Export was still conducted when the coffee price at domestic markets increased because the demand for domestic coffee was still very low. Other factors positively influencing the coffee export quantity were the exchange rate of rupiah and the coffee supply of the previous year. The factors influencing the domestic coffee supply were the domestic coffee price, technology level and the coffee supply of the previous year. The domestic coffee price positively related to the coffee supply at domestic markets with a supply elasticity of 0.04. This means that the

  16. BAHASA JAWA SEBAGAI PENGUNGKAP KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT SAMIN DI KABUPATEN BLORA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Bakti Mardikantoro

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakArtikel ini bertujuan untuk mengilustrasikan bagaimana bahasa tidak bisa dilepaskan dengan budaya masyarakat penuturnya. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam komunitas Samin. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Jawa yang digunakan oleh masyarakat Samin bisa menjelaskan fenomena hubungan antara bahasa dan budaya masyarakat penuturnya. Bahasa Jawa ini sangat kental dengan budaya masyarakat Samin. Kearifan lokal yang diungkap dengan bahasa Jawa meliputi ajaran tentang larangan mengumbar hawa nafsu, ajaran agar tidak berbuat jahat, ajaran tentang larangan menyakiti orang lain, ajaran tentang panutan hidup, ajaran tentang memegang teguh ucapan, ajaran tentang hukum karma, ajaran tentang kejujuran, ajaran tentang agama, ajaran tentang hal yang mustahil, ajaran tentang hak milik dan istri, ajaran tentang berbakti pada orangtua, ajaran tentang melestarikan lingkungan, dan ajaran tentang etika kerja.  AbstractThis article illustrates how a language  cannot be separated from its speaker’s culture. The research was conducted among Javanese Samin community. The research result reveals that Javanese language used by Samin society can explain the phenomenon of the relation between speaker’s language and their culture. This Javanese language is very closely related with Samin culture. The local wisdom expressed in Javanese language contain various teaching, such as on how to keep passions under control, shall not cheat, shall not hurt others, on guidance of live, on how to keep promise, on karma law, on honesty, on religious precepts, on impossible thing, on the belonging of someone as wealth and woman, on how to devote parents, on how to conserve environment, and also about work ethics.  © 2013 Universitas Negeri Semarang

  17. KELIMPAHAN STOK SUMBER DAYA IKAN DEMERSAL DI PERAIRAN SUB AREA LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badrudin Badrudin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini menyajikan data dan informasi tentang present status perikanan demersal di Laut Jawa, dan tingkat pemanfaatan sumber daya ikan di sub area Laut Jawa yang tidak merata. Data yang dianalisis merupakan sebagian hasil survei Balai Riset Perikanan Laut di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Tegal pada tahun 2010 dan pada periode tahun sebelumnya. Eksploitasi sumber daya ikan demersal di perairan Laut Jawa sudah berlangsung sejak lama dan mencapai puncaknya pada sekitar tahun 1970-an di mana trawl dioperasikan secara intensif terutama di sepanjang pantai utara Jawa. Tingginya tekanan penangkapan di perairan pantai sampai kedalaman 40-an m telah menyebabkan menurunnya kelimpahan sumber daya, sebagaimana tampak pada hasil tangkapan cantrang kecil dan jaring arad yang dioperasikan secara harian. Kelimpahan dan ukuran individu ikan demersal di kawasan yang lebih dalam tampak cukup besar sebagaimana tercermin dari hasil tangkapan cantrang besar yang dioperasikan lebih lama. Dari fenomena tersebut dapat diduga bahwa sumber daya ikan demersal di perairan pantai sudah mengalami tangkap lebih (overfishing yang mengarah kepada penurunan stok atau bahkan depleted. Kegiatan penangkapan ikan di perairan yang lebih dalam di mana tekanan penangkapan relatif lebih rendah tampak memberikan keuntungan.   Based on data analysis and information collected, this paper describes the present status of demersal fisheries in the Java Sea and the uneven level of exploitation of the fish resources in the Java Sea sub areas. Data analyzed provide part of research results carried out by the Research Institute for Marine Fisheries. Data were obtained from a number of surveis carried out in Tegal landing place in 2010 and from the previous years. Demersal resources in the Java Sea have been exploited for years, where high fishing intensity occurred in the north coast of Java. High fishing pressure in the coastal waters lead to the decreasing fish resources abundance, as

  18. Aspek Ontologi Pembagian Waris dalam Hukum Islam dan Hukum Adat Jawa

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    Agus Sudaryanto

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Even though Islamic law agrees with Javanese adat law in the type and status of inheritable property, we find a distinction in the matter of inheritance utilisation and distribution, heir groupings, and child portion. This article attempts to study the ontological aspects of inheritance laws of the two legal systems. Walaupun pada dasarnya hukum Islam dan hukum adat Jawa memiliki kesamaan terutama di jenis dan status harta warisan, ditemukan perbedaan dalam hal pemanfaatan dan pembagian harta waris, golongan ahli waris, serta bagian anak. Artikel ini mencoba membahas aspek ontologi hukum waris antara kedua sistem hukum tersebut.

  19. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    China‟s increasing integration with the world economy is met with much anticipation and much anxiety in the Southeast Asian region. In Indonesia, there is intense interest in Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI), not only among academics but also among policy makers, industrialists...... conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested enterprises supplemented with available official statistics and secondary data, the study finds that Chinese FDI in Indonesia is performed by mixed entities: some are owned by central government, some by regional government and some are private firms. In the case...... of joint ventures, their local partners are mostly local Chinese, except in the infrastructure, mining and energy sector where their local partners are Indonesian state-owned enterprises. Where the local developmental effects are concerned, a picture emerges where Chinese investments, at this early period...

  20. Legal and actual central bank independence

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; de Haan, J.

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  1. PERMASALAHAN DAN FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA HIPERTENSI DI KABUPATEN BOGOR PROV. JAWA BARAT

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    Julianty Pradono

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Background: At this time hypertension has been showed a sustained, consistent and independent of heart disease in the leading cause of death. This study aimed to identify the problems and risk factors associated with hypertension in Bogor regency, West Java Province. Methods: The study was a secondary data analysis Riskesdas 2007 with a cross-sectional design and qualitative study. The respondents of this study were 15-60 years age group a total of 2.785 person. The multivariate logistic regression and qualitative analysis were used for analysis. Results: Statistical models showed that risk factors associated with the occurrence of hypertension in Bogor district needs to focus on health behavior e.g enough physical activity, not smoking, reducing fat diet, maintaining ideal body weight and central obesity. Qualitative results showed a lack of knowledge about the causes of hypertension, symptom of hypertension, how to detect hypertension and the treatment of hypertension that needs to takes a long time and continuously. This time the program of non-communicable diseases has not been a priority, so the activities and the availability of antihypertensive drugs in health facilities inadequate. Conclusion: Modifying lifestyle to reduce the risk of increased body weight and abdominal circumference, is an important role in preventing the occurrence of hypertension in Bogor district. Healthy Behaviors promotion have to raise awareness of risk factors for hypertension. Keyword : Hypertension, Risk Factors, Intervention, Bogor district Abstrak. Latar belakang : Hipertensi memperlihatkan hubungan yang berkelanjutan, konsisten dan independen terhadap penyakit jantung yang merupakan penyebab kematian utama saat ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui permasalahan dan faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan terjadinya hipertensi di Kabupaten Bogor Provinsi Jawa Barat. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan analisis data sekunder Riskesdas 2007 dengan

  2. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI PADI Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Nogosari, Boyolali, Jawa Tengah

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    MAHANANTO - -

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The objective of this research were to analyze factors influencing the increase of rice production and to analyze the optimum use of production factors on the rice farming. This research was held in October 1999 on 120 farmer in 4 villages of Nogosari-Subdistrict, Boyolali-Regency, Central Java-Province. The data collecting method was divided to in two stages. First, to determine the village sampling done by using a stritified random sampling method and second, to determine the farmers done by a simple random sampling method. The method of collecting data was done an interview using quesionaire instrument. The results of this research were: The used simultaneously model showed that the factors such as the cultivated land width, the quantityof effective labours, the quantity of fertilizers, the quantity of pesticides, the farming experiences, the distance between the farmer houses and the cultivated lands, and the irrigation system had a real influence to the increase of the rice production. The model used in this research had indicated that partially the cultivated land width, the quantity of effective labours, the quantity of fertilazers, the quantity of pesticides, the distence between the farmers houses and the cultivated lands, and the irrigation system had given influences to the increas of rice production, while the farming experiences did not influence to (non-significant the increasing of rice production. The results of the analyze on the optimum use of production factors had indicated: the cultivated land width was not optimum so that its use should be increased, the quantity of effective labours was not optimum either so that its use should be decreased primarily on the first planting seasion (MT. I and the second planting seasion (MT. III, while on the third planting seasion (MT. III it was optimum. Further more, the quantity of fertilizers was not optimum so that its use needed to be decreased and the quantity of pesticides

  3. DAMPAK KREDIT PROGRAM KKPE DALAM PENGEMBANGAN USAHA TERNAK SAPI DI TINGKAT PETERNAK DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Dahri Dahri

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The impact of energy and food security credits (KKPE to the cattle farming performance at the farm level is importan tto be studied related to improving the welfare of the cattle farmers and also the achievement of self-sufficiency in food, especially meat self-sufficiency.  The number of KKPE distributed since 2007, continued to increase from year to year, but the performance of the livestock subsector is not yet fully accordance with the expectations.  Therefore, the objective of  this study is to analyze the impact of KKPE to the number of cattle owned by the farmer, employment and income of the cattle farming.  The main data used are primary data collected through interviews using a questionnaire to124 cattle farmers recipient and non recipientKKPE in Central Java and determined using purposive sampling method.  Results ofthe study usingLinear regression models of the ordinary least squares (OLS approach indicates that KKPE provide a positive influence on the number of cattle owned by farmers, employment and income of the cattle farming where the influence of  the KKPE are all significant except for the impact on business income of cattle.  Thus, in order to encourage the improvement of the welfare of farmers and the achievement of self-sufficiency in meat, KKPE needs to be developed with the control the credit delivery system is able to provide incentives for farmers to continue to expand its cattle farming.Keywords:  Cattle farmer, impact of the KKPE, KKPE Credit program, OLSABSTRAKDampak kredit ketahanan pangan dan energi (KKPE terhadap kinerja usaha sapi di tingkat peternak merupakan hal yang penting untuk dikaji terkait dengan upaya peningkatan kesejahateraan peternak dan juga pencapaian swasembada pangan, khususnya swasembada daging.  Nilai KKPE yang disalurkan sejak tahun 2007, terus mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun, namun kinerja subsektor peternakan belum sepenuhnya sesuai dengan harapan.  Oleh karena itu, tujuan

  4. EKTOPARASIT (FLEAS PADA RESERVOIR DI DAERAH FOKUS PEST DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Tri Ramadhani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTRat is a rodent (rodensia which cannot be separated from parasitic organism attacks the ectoparasites(fleas. In the presence of fleas plague focus areas need to watch out, for no increase in cases of plague(outbreak. Pest is a zoonosis in rat that can be transmitted to humans through the bite of fleas Xenopsyllacheopsis containing Yersinia pestis. Boyolali District is one of the plague focus areas in Central Java. Thisstudy aims to identify the species of rats and fleas, trap succes, flea infestation in rats and flea index as anindicator of vulnerability to transmission of plague. The study is a descriptive survey with cross sectionaldesign. The population is all the rats and fleas in Boyolali district. Samples are rats and fleas that werecaught using live trap with coconut roasted and salted fish is placed inside and outside the home (each 2trap. Rat combed for fleas. The results showed the number of mouses caught were 245. There are 4 speciesrats and small mammals found in R. tanezumi, R. tiomanicus, R. exulans, N. fulvescens and S.murinus withsucces trap at 5.71%. Only 3 species and S.murinus of infected fleas. Species of flea is X. cheopis and S.cognatus. Specific flea index: Xenopsylla cheopis by 1.67; flea index cognatus Stavilus common flea indexof 0.88 and 2.55. Based on the warning system indicator about the bubonic plague spreading,which isspecific flea index of X.cheopis >1 and fleas index >2, Selo sub distric should be aware to the spreading ofbubonic plague in its area, so that it is important to carry out the controlling of rat and flea population.Keyword: ectoparasite, reservoir, fleas, plague. ABSTRAK Tikus adalah hewan mengerat (rodensiayang tidak lepas dari serangan organisme parasit yaitu ektoparasit (pinjal.Pada daerah fokus pestt keberadaan pinjal perlu diwaspadai,agar tidak terjadi peningkatan kasus pestt (KLB. Pest merupakan zoonosispada tikusyang dapat ditularkan kepada manusia melalui gigitan pinjal Xenopsylla

  5. APLIKASI METODE GEOMAGNETIK UNTUK MEMETAKAN SITUS ARKEOLOGI CANDI BADUT MALANG JAWA TIMUR

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    Dina Wulan Kencana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Arkeologi mengarahkan kajian pada benda-benda peninggalan manusia yang bersifat material dan berhubungan dengan periode paling kuno dalam sejarah umat manusia. Candi badut merupakan peralihan gaya bangunan klasik dari Jawa tengah ke Jawa timur. Awal mulanya hanya berupa gundukan batu, reruntuhan dan tanah. Sehingga diperlukan metode geomagnetic untuk mengetahui struktur dan posisi arkeologi Candi Badut. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat magnetometer jenis proton procession magnetometer (PPM selama satu hari dengan luasan daerah 3025 m2, serta titik pengukuran dibuat dengan jarak 2.5 m sehingga menghasilkan 418 titik pengukuran. Interpretasi dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan menggunakan software surfer 10, magpick dan mag2dc. Hasil penelitian untuk interpretasi kualitatif diperoleh peta kontur anomali residual magnetik memiliki variasi nilai anomali antara -1000 nT - 800 nT. Kemungkinan nilai anomali tinggi diduga adalah candi induk dan pondasi pagar candi yang berada disebelah barat candi induk. Candi induk dan pagar candi terbuat dari batuan andesit. Untuk hasil interpretasi kuantitatif pada irisan AB didapatkan nilai suseptibilitas 0,613 pada batuan candi induk dengan kedalaman 3 m dan nilai suseptibilitas 0,23 pada pondasi pagar sebelah barat candi induk pada kedalaman 2 m.

  6. Land conversion and economic development in Jawa Barat Province: Trade off or Synergy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuryartono, N.; Tongato, A.; Yusdiyanto, S.; Pasaribu, S. H.; Anggraenie, T.

    2017-01-01

    Jawa Barat province contributed 22 percent to the national rice production. Since land availability is one of important factors for food production, this must be addressed seriously. During the period of 2008-2013, there had been a shrinking of wetland area of 20,502 hectares (nearly 2.2 percent out of total wetland area in Jawa Barat). This condition may have implications on local and national food production and food security. This study analyzes influencing factors for land use changes of wetland in West Java using a panel of 5200 villages’ level data in 2011-2014 by panel method. Important influencing factors that contribute to the land conversions mostly related to the development such as increasing number of new settlements and regional economic development. Spatially, using GIS map shows some areas have high rate of land conversion compared to other areas. The highest land conversion was in Kabupaten Bogor followed by Kabupaten Bekasi, while lowest was Bogor city. As there are tradeoff between economic development and land use, government policy should be addressed for economic development while it should be simultaneously preventing wetland conversion.

  7. Ads in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulan Roro Retno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmetics industry created the beauty myth for women through advertising. A cosmetic ad in Indonesia has spread a new concept of white skin: East Asia beauty myth. The white concept of Asia white skin basically derived from colonial legacy. The purpose of the research was analyzing the beauty myth in Indonesia ads using postcolonial perspective. The principal result brought the discourse analysis and postcolonial perspective a new insight in communication research. Particularly on media and cultural studies. Major conclusions showed that the beauty myth since the Dutch colonial period never been change. The main concept is always in colonialism’s idea: “white is better”. The West is better than the East.

  8. Indonesia's migration transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugo, G

    1995-01-01

    This article describes population movements in Indonesia in the context of rapid and marked social and economic change. Foreign investment in Indonesia is increasing, and global mass media is available to many households. Agriculture is being commercialized, and structural shifts are occurring in the economy. Educational levels are increasing, and women's role and status are shifting. Population migration has increased over the decades, both short and long distance, permanent and temporary, legal and illegal, and migration to and between urban areas. This article focuses specifically on rural-to-urban migration and international migration. Population settlements are dense in the agriculturally rich inner areas of Java, Bali, and Madura. Although the rate of growth of the gross domestic product was 6.8% annually during 1969-94, the World Bank ranked Indonesia as a low-income economy in 1992 because of the large population size. Income per capita is US $670. Indonesia is becoming a large exporter of labor to the Middle East, particularly women. The predominance of women as overseas contract workers is changing women's role and status in the family and is controversial due to the cases of mistreatment. Malaysia's high economic growth rate of over 8% per year means an additional 1.3 million foreign workers and technicians are needed. During the 1980s urban growth increased at a very rapid rate. Urban growth tended to occur along corridors and major transportation routes around urban areas. It is posited that most of the urban growth is due to rural-to-urban migration. Data limitations prevent an exact determination of the extent of rural-to-urban migration. More women are estimated to be involved in movements to cities during the 1980s compared to the 1970s. Recruiters and middlemen have played an important role in rural-to-urban migration and international migration.

  9. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatizatio...

  10. Designing Futures in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Crosby

    2016-08-01

    This curated issue takes as its departure point Fry’s notion that design broadly shapes the world we occupy. To ask what happens when the world we occupy is not conceived simply in terms of local issues and solutions, but rather as a set of shared concerns that are localised and play out through global flows. To do so this issue presents ten contributions from Indonesia.

  11. KONFLIK AGRARIA DI INDONESIA

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    Ahmad Zuber

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article describe agrarian conflict in Indonesia. Until this moment many agrarian conflict are happen in Papua, Java, Kalimantan and Sumatera. This conflict consist many interests and there isn’t equity policy to society are following this conflict. The implication the agrarian conflict become latent conflict. It usually make huge damage in society and nation.

  12. DISPARITAS DAN SPESIALISASI INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR KABUPATEN / KOTA DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Kusumantoro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is measure disparity and identification of specialization industry in the localregion of central java province. This research use the local government data from BPS (Badan PusatStatistik from 2001 until 2006. Analizis of this research is index theil and regional specialization Index.The result of manufacture industry disparity in local government central java province show different levelin the Theil entropy index. Identification result of local industry in the central java province show thatindustry activity is food industry (ISIC 15, garment Industry (ISIC 17, Manufacture industry (ISIC 20and chemical industry (ISIC 24. The specialization in the same area, usualy have the same industry.Semarang region (Semarang and kudus is specilized in garment industry (ISIC 18 and publiser (ISIC22. Surakarta region (Sukoharjo and Karanganyar is textile, garment and chemical specializationindustry (ISIC 24Keywords: disparity, industry specialized, Index Theil.

  13. PERILAKU PENCARIAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN IBU, PADA KASUS KEMATIAN IBU DI INDONESIA : STUDI TINDAK LANJUT DATA SENSUS PENDUDUK 2010 UNTUK MENDAPAT PENYEBAB KEMATIAN IBU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ika Saptarini

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Pendahuluan: Angka kematian ibu di Indonesia masih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan Negara ASEAN lainnya. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi angka kematian ibu adalah faktor perilaku pencarian pelayanan kesehatan ibu. Tujuan: Mendeskripsikan pelayanan kesehatan ibu yang diterima pada kasus kematian ibu. Metode: Populasi adalah kasus pregnancy related death (Kematian seorang wanita selama kehamilan atau 60 hari setelah terminasi kehamilan, tanpa mempedulikan penyebab kematiannya dari hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010 (SP 2010. Sampel yang digunakan sebanyak 4167 dari 8484 kasus. Studi tindak lanjut ini menggunakan instrument verbal autopsi oleh petugas Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS. Hasil analisis lebih dari 60 persen kematian ibu yang dilaporkan mendapatkan K4. Terdapat 27 persen kematian ibu ditolong oleh tenaga non nakes dan 40 persen masih melahirkan di rumah. Hasil: Hasil pemeriksaan Postnatal care di Indonesia sebanyak 79,9 persen dan tertinggi terdapat di Daerah Jawa Bali sebanyak 85,2 persen . Kesimpulan: Pada kasus kematian maternal di Indonesia pada tiap region lebih banyak kasus yang mendapatkan pelayanan kesehatan ibu daripada yang tidak mendapat. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan bahwa untuk menurunkan angka kematian ibu diperlukan pelayanan kesehatan ibu yang berkualitas disamping cakupan pelayanan yang tinggi.     Kata kunci: Kematian ibu, Pelayanan kesehatan ibu, Pregnancy related death, Sensus Penduduk.

  14. Exploring Indonesia: Past and Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schelander, Bjorn

    This book provides an overview of Indonesia's history and culture. The book begins with prehistoric times and continues through nationhood. Each chapter provides background information along with student activities and project suggestions. Chapters include: (1) "Introduction to the Lands and Peoples of Indonesia"; (2) "Early…

  15. ANALISIS DAYA SAING KEDELAI INDONESIA

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    Sarwono Sarwono

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage index of soybean in Indonesia from 1983 up to 2013 is less than one, mostly. It means that the competitiveness of soybean in Indonesia is low. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors influence the soybean competitiveness. OLS (Ordinary Least Square was used as the analysis method. Hypotheses test based on that analysis model is not bias, so that, classic divergence test is needed. It is for getting the Best Linier Unbiased Estimator (BLUE appraisal. T statistic and F statistic were also applied. The result of this research shows that production and export have positive and significant influence. In addition, exchange rate and government policy do not influence the Indonesia soybean competitiveness.Indeks RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage kedelai Indonesia dari tahun 1983-2013 kecenderungan bernilai kurang dari satu yang berarti daya saing kedelai Indonesia rendah.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi daya saing kedelai Indonesia.Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Ordinary Least Square (OLS.Pengujian hipotesis berdasarkan model analisis tersebut tidak bias maka perlu dilakukan uji penyimpangan klasik yang tujuannya agar diperoleh penaksiran yang bersifat Best Linier Unbiased Estimator (BLUE.Pengujian statistik menggunakan uji t statistikdan uji f statistik.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa produksi dan ekspor berpengaruh secara positif dan signifikan terhadap daya saing kedelai Indonesia. Nilai tukar rupiah dan kebijakan pemerintah tidak berpengaruh terhadap daya saing kedelai Indonesia.

  16. Identifikasi Variabel Makro Ekonomi Di Provinsi Jawa Tengah

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    Tri Wahyu R.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The economic growth of Central Java have been facing some good phases over the period of stabilization and rehabilitation (1967-1972, the golden age of oil (1973-1982, the period of external shocks I (1983-1986, the era of the rise of non-oil exports (1987-1996, the period of external shocks II (1997-1998, and the period of economic stabilization after crisis (1999-2003. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the economic growth of Central Java Province based on the identified macroeconomic variables, especially in terms of spending and to see the amount of labor absorbed in every field of business. The data used for modeling the application is secondary data and annual time series from 1995 until 2011. The result of this study showed that macroeconomic variable in terms of spending (real sector which directly affects regional gross domestic regional product of Central Java, consists of: household consumption (C, government consumption (G, private consumption (I, exports (X. Meanwhile, imports does not directly affect gross domestic regional product of Central Java. There are also six (6 business sectors in Central Java Province which are able to increase the absorption of labor every increase of its output that is showed by the number of positive working elasticity. These business sectors are: manufacturing; electricity, gas, and water supply; construction; trade, hotels and restaurants; finance, leasing & services companies, and services. But, there are three business sectors whose working elasticity is negative, it means that although the ouput generated increases, but its absorption towards labor is low (decrease. These three business sectors are: agriculture; mining & quarrying; and transportation & communication.

  17. BEBERAPA ASPEK ENTOMOLOGI PENDUKUNG MENINGKATNYA KASUS DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI DAERAH ENDEMIS DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widiarti Widiarti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Dengue fever (DF and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF are caused by the four serotypes of dengue virus, type 1 to 4 belonging to the flavivirus family. Dengue viruses are transmitted principally by Aedes aegypti that breeds in water containers. This diseases are endemic and cause periodic or annual outbreaks in Indonesia. The occurrence of DHF outbreaks is linked to a number of factor including the density of mosquito vectors. Another entomological aspect such as vector resistance and trans-ovarian transmission phenomenon will be discused in this manuscript. This entomological survey was base on previous and concurrent with dengue vector resistance studies in endemic area in Central Java Province. The aim of this study were to explore the entomology data such as larval-free index, Containers Index, House Index, and Breteau Index. The entomological data was collected using resting mosquito colection technique in the morning and larval survey according to WHO guideline. The study was conducted in 8 endemic areas  in Central Java i.e : Jepara District, Blora District, Semarang City, Surakarta City, Tegal City, Magelang City, PurwokertoCity and Salatiga City. The study revealed that the larval-free index in eighth areas ranged between 24,13% to 88,52%, lower than the national standard of 95%. The result of Container Index, House Index and Breteau Index ranged from 11,84 % to 75,16% ; 11,48 % to 75,86 %  and  14,73% to 100 % respectively. The population of Ae. aegypti collected from 8 endemic area in Central Java eleven municipalities, regencies/cities in Central Java Province were resistant to Malathion 0,8 %, Bendiocarb 0,1 %, Lambdasihalotrin 0,05 % and Permethrin 0,75 %, including Deltamethrin 0,05 % and Etofenprox 0,5 %. However, in several location of this study were found the population of Ae. aegypti remain susceptible to Cypermethrin 0,05 % and Bendiocarb 0,1 %. The population of Ae. aegypti from Salatiga and endemic area from Central Java

  18. Desert agricultural terrace systems at EBA Jawa (Jordan) - Layout, water availability and efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister, Julia; Krause, Jan; Müller-Neuhof, Bernd; Portillo, Marta; Reimann, Tony; Schütt, Brigitta

    2016-04-01

    Located in the arid basalt desert of northeastern Jordan, the Early Bronze Age (EBA) settlement of Jawa is by far the largest and best preserved archaeological EBA site in the region. Recent surveys in the close vicinity revealed well-preserved remains of three abandoned agricultural terrace systems. In the presented study these archaeological features are documented by detailed mapping and the analysis of the sediment records in a multi-proxy approach. To study the chronology of the terrace systems optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) is used. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the water management techniques and its impact on harvest yields, a crop simulation model (CropSyst) under today's climatic conditions is applied, simulating crop yields with and without (runoff) irrigation. In order to do so, a runoff time series for each agricultural terrace system and its catchment is generated, applying the SCS runoff curve number method (CN) based on rainfall and soil data. Covering a total area of 38 ha, irrigated terrace agriculture was practiced on slopes, small plateaus, and valleys in the close vicinity of Jawa. Floodwater from nearby wadis or runoff from adjacent slopes was collected and diverted via surface canals. The terraced fields were arranged in cascades, allowing effective water exploitation through a system of risers, canals and spillways. The examined terrace profiles show similar stratigraphic sequences of mixed unstratified fine sediments that are composed of small-scale relocated sediments with local origin. The accumulation of these fines is associated with the construction of agricultural terraces, forcing infiltration and storage of the water within the terraces. Two OSL ages of terrace fills indicate that the construction of these terrace systems started as early as 5300 ± 300 a, which fits well to the beginning of the occupation phase of Jawa at around 3.500 calBC, thus making them to the oldest examples of its kind in the Middle East

  19. SURVEI DINAMIKA PENULARAN MALARIA DI DESA BANJARETNO, KECAMATAN KAJORAN, KABUPATEN MAGELANG, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyanto Ristiyanto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka menurunkan angka endemisilas malaria di Kabupaten Magelang telah dilakukan studi dinamika penularan. Tujuan survei dinamika penularan ini adalah mengetahui proses terjadinya penularan malaria dan faktor-faktor risiko kejadian malaria. Lokasi survei di Desa Banjaretno, Kecamatan Kajorun, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah, Juni 2004. Metode survei adalah metode survei dinamika penularan yang telah distandardkan dalam pelatihan ICDC. Hasil survei parasit malaria menunjukkan bahwa 5 orang (5,10% dari 98 orang mengandung parasit Plasmodium falciparum. Hasil survei entomologi di liga rumah kasus malaria diperoleh angka man baiting rate (MBR nyamuk Anopheles aconitus di dalam rumah 0,5/jam/orang dan di luar rumah 1,08/jam/orang. Parity rate nyamuk tersebut 0%. Tempat perindukan di sekitar rumah kasus malaria adalah sawah, kolam, dan saluran irigasi. Penanaman padi tidak serempak, sehingga, tempat perindukan An. aconitus tersedia sepanjang tahun. Kepadatan larva nyamuk An. aconitus berkisar antara 0,3-2,1 perciduk. Hasil survei perilaku pada 31 responden (5 kasus malaria dan 26 orang tetangga kasus malaria diketahui bahwa pengetahuan, dan sikap responden mendukung untuk melakukan pencegahan penularan malaria (80% dari 31 responden, tetapi tidak diikuti dengan tindakan mencegah malaria (39,76% dari 31 responden. Semua rumah kasus malaria berdinding kayu atau bambu, belum menggunakan langit-langit, jendela dan ventilasi belum rapat nyamuk (100% rumah kasus malaria. Kebiasaan pada malam hari (5 kasus malaria yang mendukung penularan malaria adalah kebiasaan menonton TV bersama-sama pada malam hari dengan keadaan pintu dan jendela terbuka. Pelayanan kesehatan oleh Puskesmas tidak melakukan kunjungan rutin ke daerah endemis malaria karena tidak ada JMD. Hasil survei dinamika penularan ini memperlihatkan bahwa penularan malaria di Desa Banjaretno. Kecamatan Kajoran, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah terjadi pada musim kemarau, di dalam rumah pada

  20. AKULTURASI BUDAYA ISLAM DAN JAWA: Ruang Komunal pada Budaya Nyadran Dukuh Krajan, Desa Kromengan, Kabupaten Malang

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    Sri Winarni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Javanese and Islamic acculturations adhere to the people living at Dukuh Krajan. Javanese social and cultural aspects affect the spirit of Islamic activities. This is obvious by the use of Javanese/Islamic calendar system in every ritual. Yet, the high value of togetherness and communality is decreasing. This change will result in abandoning culture and growing social problem. It also influences the change of common space in the neighborhood. Therefore, it needs exploration on communal space established through Nyadran ritual. The purpose is to maintain the existence of the communal space as well as to develop togetherness and communality for the next generation. The study employs qualitative design with rationalistic approach. The data were collected through observation and interview. The communal space is formed by the activity, the physical area, the doers and the ritual time. The use of communal space in Nyadran ritual reflects togetherness and mutual cooperation value established as the result of the sense of care and the social awareness to share spaces for public interest.Akulturasi budaya Islam dan Jawa masih melekat pada kehidupan masyarakat Dukuh Krajan. Kegiatan Islam suasananya dipengaruhi oleh aspek budaya dan sosial Jawa. Tergambar jelas pada pemakaian kalender Jawa/Islam pada setiap kegiatan budaya. Namun, nilai-nilai kebersamaan dan kegotongroyangan dalam kegiatan sosial budaya saat ini semakin berkurang. Perubahan ini akan berpengaruh terhadap beberapa budaya setempat yang tersisihkan, dan masalah-masalah sosial yang mulai berkembang. Dampaknya akan berpengaruh juga terhadap perubahan ruang-ruang komunal di lingkungan pedesaan. Untuk itu perlu diteliti lebih detail tentang ruang komunal yang terbentuk, khususnya pada runtutan kegiatan budaya nyadran. Tujuannya agar ruang komunal yang terbentuk pada tradisi nyadran eksistensinya tetap ada dan terjaga dengan baik serta dapat bermanfaat dalam menumbuhkan dan mengembangkan rasa

  1. Perkembangan Spasial Kota-Kota Kecil Di Jawa Tengah

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    Nanda Adi Prawatya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The level of urbanization in Central Java province is increased by looking at the changes occurred in the vast agricultural land use that has declined, especially in a small town. In the past 10 years, built-up land use in Central Java has increased by 70.1%. In addition, also in the past 10 years the road network has increased by 0.43%. This happened because the capacity of urbanization and activities movement in a large city is increasing and can not accommodate at one point, so that other areas are required for equalization purpose. This raises several questions, such as what the determining factors of urban space are and how the spatial development of small towns in Central Java is. The purpose of this study was to determine the typology of small towns in Central Java based on aspects of the space structure, land use and infrastructure. Small towns are concentric structured with slow land development because there is only a single activity center. The potential of the area is a rural urban area with its center activity only from the agricultural sector. Multiple nuclei structured small towns are quite developed between moderate to high level. This is due to the existence of several centers within the small towns that resulted in high development of built-up land. Based on spatial typology pattern of small towns, it can be explained that the small towns located on the outskirts of major cities such as Surakarta, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Tegal, Magelang, Salatiga, and Pekalongan, have a dependency to those main city. Thus, city development is not only influenced by urbanization, but also other factors such nature comparative advantages (topography, natural resource, historical and human-made physic (infrastructure network, social facilities.

  2. Pengaruh Proyek Kelistrikan 10.000 MW pada Biaya Listrik Lokal di Sistem Jawa Bali 500 kV

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    Moh Fasich

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka memenuhi kebutuhan listrik, pemerintah meluncurkan program proyek kelistrikan 10.000 MW. Dengan adanya penambahan unit pembangkit baru khususnya di sistem Jawa Bali 500 kV akan berpengaruh terhadap biaya listrik lokal pada setiap bus. Oleh karena itu, Optimal Power Flow(OPF dilakukan untuk meminimalkan konsumsi bahan bakar dari pembangkit pada keseluruhan sistem dengan melihat batasan daya output setiap unit pembangkit serta pembagian pembebanan secara ekonomis. Pada tugas akhir ini, biaya pembangkitan dihitung menggunakan optimal power flow. Perhitungan dilakukan dengan menggunakan program Matpower 4.0. Hal ini ditunjukkan oleh hasil simulasi bahwa sesudah proyek kelistrikan 10.000 MW beroperasi biaya listrik lokal pada setiap bus lebih murah dibandingkan biaya listrik sebelum proyek kelistrikan beroperasi. Biaya listrik dari bus satu ke bus yang lain berbeda  tergantung dari lokasi pembangkit dan jaringan transmisi yang ada pada sebuah sistem. Berdasarkan wilayah(propinsi biaya listrik di propinsi Jawa Timur lebih murah dibandingkan propinsi lainnya.

  3. SEROEPIDEMIOLOGI INFEKSI VIRUS MORBILLI PADA ANAK BALITA DI JAWA TENGAH DALAM RANGKA IMUNISASI TERHADAP MORBILLI

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    Bambang Heriyanto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A sero immunity survey on measles virus infection among children under 5 years of age in Central Java province was conducted in three types of areas, namely : rural, urban and measles-virus endemic areas. The objective of the study is to obtain the basic data of immune status from children under 5 years of age in connection with mass vaccination program against measles virus infection in Indonesia. A total of 763 peripheral blood samples were collected in filter paper disc from children under 5 years of age divided into age structure. Antibodies titers in blood were measured by Haemagglutination Inhibition Test against measles antigen. The result showed that children of 7—9 months of age were highest in the endemic areas (17.6%, high in urban (7.7% and none of the 13 children examined in the rural was infected. The maternal antibodies in infants of 0—6 months of age were highest in the endemic areas (35.3% as compared to 4.3% and 10% in the urban and rural areas. In children of more than 10—11 months old, the anti­bodies against measles virus were highest in the urban (31%, high in endemic areas (23% and low in rural (6.9%, whereas among the 2—5 years age-group, the antibodies level was about equal in both the urban and endemic areas, but lower in the rural area.

  4. PERBEDAAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN ANEMIA REMAJA PUTRI SEKOLAH MENENGAH UMUM ANEMIA DAN NON ANEMIA DI ENAM DATI II PROPINSI JAWA BARAT

    OpenAIRE

    Edwi Saraswati; Iman Sumarno

    2012-01-01

    Telah dilakukan survei cepat tentang prevalensi anemia dan pengetahuan anemia pada remaja putri SMU di enam Dati II di Propinsi Jawa Barat. Remaja putri merupakan generasi penerus yang perlu diperhatikan, karena kelak menjadi ibu dan atau tenaga pekerja. Terhadap remaja putri sampel dilakukan pemeriksaan Hb dan pengumpulan data mengenai pengetahuan remaja putri tentang anemia. Informasi ini sangat berguna sebagai dasar penetapan prioritas program kesehatan dan gizi pada kelompok remaja putri ...

  5. EVALUASI POTENSI IKAN LAYANG (Decapterus spp. DI WPP 712– LAUT JAWA

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    Setya Triharyuni

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka menjaga pelestarian sumberdaya ikan di kawasan perairan tertentu, maka tingkat pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan tersebut harus seimbang dengan potensi produksinya. Ikan layang (Decapterus spp. merupakan hasil tangkapan dominan mencapai 60% dari total tangkapan perikanan pukat cincin yang beroperasi di Laut Jawa. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kesesuaian beberapa model produksi surplus pada dinamika perikanan layang di Laut Jawa (WPP-712 dengan menggunakan pendekatan lima model produksi, yaitu model Schaefer, Fox, Walter & Hilborn, Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley (CYP dan Schnute. Model produksi yang sesuai digunakan untuk estimasi tangkapan maksimum lestari (MSY dan upaya optimum (Fopt serta parameter pertumbuhan stok ikan layang. Data yang digunakan adalah data hasil tangkapan ikan layang dan jumlah trip penangkapan kapal pukat cincin yang berpangkalan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Tegal, Pekalongan, Juana dan Rembang yang beroperasi di Laut Jawa selama periode 2004-2012. Ketepatan model dianalisis dengan membandingkan tanda regresi, uji F, uji t dan nilai konstanta determinasi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan model Fox merupakan model yang paling tepat dengan estimasi MSY sebesar 24.447 ton dan upaya penangkapan sebesar 5.784 trip/tahun setara pukat cincin. Berdasarkan model Fox juga diperoleh nilai parameter pertumbuhan stok ikan layang, yaitu nilai pertumbuhan intrinsik (r sebesar 0,7172, koefisien penangkapan (q sebesar 5,075 x 10-5 dan daya dukung lingkungan perairan (K sebesar 48.072 ton. Perikanan layang di Laut Jawa telah berada pada kondisi lebih tangkap sehingga intervensi pengelolaan, yaitu pengurangan intensitas upaya penangkapan ke titik optimal atau pengaturan hasil tangkapan di bawah tangkapan lestari untuk menjamin keberlanjutannya perlu dilakukan.   The general principle to sustain fish resources in a certain area is the exploitation level should not exceed its carrying capacity. Round scads (Depcaterus spp. are

  6. AJAPÜJAWA (DREAM SPIRIT IN THE WAYUU DEATH AND VENGEANCE RITUALS

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    Fanny Longa Romero

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The wayuu are an Indian people of the Arawak linguistic family which lives in the Guajira Peninsula, in Northeast Colombia, on the Caribbean Sea, and the Western border of Venezuela. This paper studies the relation between existing and expressed ajapüjawa (dream spirit and other beings (plants, dead people, with intent, that will guide and influence the daily practices of the wayuu. The purpose here is to explore the agency from these existing rituals of death and revenge. I claim that these rituals provide information about the construction of the notion of person by the wayuu people through a symbolic economy of alterity. The wayuu people build, experience, and signify their cultural dynamics through the interference of active spiritual entities that impinge both upon life and death as two continuous, though separate, realms of social life.

  7. Inventory of Forts in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinandi, N.; Suryaningsih, F.

    2015-08-01

    The great archipelago in Indonesia with its wealthy and various nature, the products and commodities of tropic agriculture and the rich soil, was through the centuries a region of interest for other countries all over the world. For several reasons some of these countries came to Indonesia to establish their existence and tried to monopolize the trading. These countries such as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch and the British built strengthened trade stations which later became forts all over Indonesia to defend their interest. The archipelago of Indonesia possesses a great number of fortification-works as legacies of native rulers and those which were built by European trading companies and later became colonial powers in the 16th to the 19th centuries. These legacies include those specific structures built as a defence system during pre and within the period of World War II. These fortresses are nowadaysvaluable subjects, because they might be considered as shared heritage among these countries and Indonesia. It's important to develop a vision to preserve these particular subjects of heritage, because they are an interesting part of the Indonesian history and its cultural treasures. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has national program to compile a comprehensive documentation of the existing condition of these various types of forts as cultural heritage. The result of the 3 years project was a comprehensive 442 forts database in Indonesia, which will be very valuable to the implementation of legal protection, preservation matters and adaptive re-use in the future.

  8. Coal fires in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitehouse, Alfred E.; Mulyana, Asep A.S. [Office of Surface Mining/Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Coal Fire Project, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Agency for Training and Education, Jl. Gatot Subroto, Kav. 49, Jakarta 12950 (Indonesia)

    2004-07-12

    Indonesia's fire and haze problem is increasingly being ascribed to large-scale forest conversion and land clearing activities making way for pulpwood, rubber and oil palm plantations. Fire is the cheapest tool available to small holders and plantation owners to reduce vegetation cover and prepare and fertilize extremely poor soils. Fires that escaped from agricultural burns have ravaged East Kalimantan forests on the island of Borneo during extreme drought periods in 1982-1983, 1987, 1991, 1994 and 1997-1998. Estimates based on satellite data and ground observations are that more than five million hectares were burned in East Kalimantan during the 1997/1998 dry season. Not only were the economic losses and ecological damage from these surface fires enormous, they ignited coal seams exposed at the ground surface along their outcrops.Coal fires now threaten Indonesia's shrinking ecological resources in Kutai National Park and Sungai Wain Nature Reserve. Sungai Wain has one of the last areas of unburned primary rainforest in the Balikpapan-Samarinda area with an extremely rich biodiversity. Although fires in 1997/1998 damaged nearly 50% of this Reserve and ignited 76 coal fires, it remains the most valuable water catchment area in the region and it has been used as a reintroduction site for the endangered orangutan. The Office of Surface Mining provided Indonesia with the capability to take quick action on coal fires that presented threats to public health and safety, infrastructure or the environment. The US Department of State's Southeast Asia Environmental Protection Initiative through the US Agency for International Development funded the project. Technical assistance and training transferred skills in coal fire management through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource's Training Agency to the regional offices; giving the regions the long-term capability to manage coal fires. Funding was also included to extinguish coal fires as

  9. FAUNA DAN TEMPAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN POTENSIAL NYAMUK Anopheles spp DI KECAMATAN MAYONG, KABUPATEN JEPARA, JAWA TENGAH

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    Mardiana Mardiana

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Malaria masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di beberapa daerah pedesaan di Jawa Tengah. Usaha pemberantasan malaria telah dilakukan oleh program baik secara kimiawi maupun hayati, guna memutuskan rantai penularan. Penelitian fauna dan tempat perindukan potensial nyamuk Anopheles telah dilakukan di Desa Buaran, Kecamatan Mayong I, Kabupaten Jepara, Jawa Tengah. Penangkapan nyamuk dengan umpan orang dilakukan di dalam dan di luar rumah pada malam hari dari pukul 18.00-24.00 yang masing-masing dilakukan oleh dua orang kolektor. Penangkapan nyamuk yang istirahat di dalam dan luar rumah (vegetasi pada pagi hari dilakukan pukul 06.00-08.00, yang dilakukan satu bulan 4 kali penangkapan selama 6 bulan. Pengambilan larva dan pupa dilakukan dari pukul 06.00-08.00 pagi di tempat genangan air dan sawah serta tempat yang potensial diduga sebagai perindukan Anopheles. Hasil penangkapan selama 6 bulan, diperoleh 1248 ekor nyamuk Anopheles yang terdiri dari 6 spesies yaitu: An. aconitus 442 ekor (35,42%, An. annularis 69 ekor (5,53% , An. barbirostris 30 ekor (2,4%, An. maculatus 2 ekor (0,16%, An. tesselatus 5 ekor (0,40% dan An. vagus 700 ekor (56,09%. Populasi aconitus ditemukan dari penangkapan di luar rumah, pada bulan Juli (56,40%, Agustus (42,80% dan Oktober (39,50% sedangkan pada bulan Mei (52,9%, Juni (44% dan September (50,40% dari penangkapan di kandang sapi. Pengambilan larva dan pupa Anopheles dilakukan di tempat habitat seperti sawah yang pada bulan Aguslus terbanyak ditemukan sebesar 85 (1.70, di sungai ditemukan hanya 4 (0.08 serta di genangan air bekas telapak kaki/kobokan ditemukan sebesar 6 (0.12. Ternyata tempat perindukan yang potensial larva Anopheles pada musim kemarau, ditemukan pada sungai yang ditanami kangkung oleh masyarakat selempat. Kata kunci: Fauna, tempat perindukan, Anopheles, vector

  10. POLA DISTRIBUSI KOMODITAS KENTANG DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT

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    Adang Agustian

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted in Bandung District, West Java on 2005. Primary data were collected through interview with potato’s farmers (who grow Granola variety and Atlantic variety and potato’s trader. Method of analysis is quantitative and qualitative analysis. The results of the study are as follow: (1 There are two kinds of marketing pattern of potato in West Java: (a Marketing pattern of Granola variety which is distributed to several market especially central market. Majority of Granola variety is for household consumption; and (b Partnership pattern between farmer’s group or farmers with PT Indofood FM for Atlantic variety. Most of this variety is used as a raw material for food processing industries; (2 Most of potato’s farmers sell their product to village collectors, and potato’s farmers who have large scale of potato’s farm can directly sell to district traders and central market. (3 Atlantic variety were distributed through Farmer’s Group to Partner Company.

  11. Studi Tentang Kebijakan Upah Minimum Regional di Propinsi Jawa Tengah

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    Dyah Lukisari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main policy problem of labor and manpower in Indonesian provinces, as exemplified by the case study in Central Java Province, is the the low rate of Regional Minimum Wage (UMR. The UMR policy are decided through negotiations among three institutions: labor unions, enterpreneur groups, and the government. The bargaining power of labor unions is very much depended upon the internal cohession of its members, meanwhile of the enterpreneur groups are relatively in better positions as they could deal with governmental policy makers by giving rewards through their economic resources. Government officials, who are supposed to back employees, have not played their role as most of them did not act as a good mediator of the conflicts. , Unfortunately, as most of the NGOs are still easily co-opted by the bueaucratic policy makers and the media have not given enough concern to the labor issues, policies regarding UMR do not always help the employees. It can be concluded, therefore, that the low UMR rate in Central Java is caused by patrimonial political culture in the bureaucracy as evidenced in a "collaborative" decisions between entrepreneurs and bureaucrat officials. Moreover, the UMR rate is also worsened by current economic austerity in the province as reflected in low Consumer Price Index (IHK, limited job opportunities and underemployment.

  12. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Oscario

    2013-01-01

    Tourism is one of the most important sectors supporting the economy of Indonesia. One way to develop the Indonesian tourism is strengthening the image of Indonesia in the world. To strengthen the image, Indonesia has replaced the old brand, Visit Indonesia, and launched a new brand, Wonderful Indonesia. Besides the logo, in order to campaign Wonderful Indonesia, some television commercials have been launched. An advertising, which creates a powerful image, not only has a great power to inf...

  13. EFISIENSI PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

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    Afif Amirillah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find out the factors that can cause the efficiency value difference of Islamic Banking in In-donesia. The data at this research is monetary data of Islamic Banking. It was obtained from Bank of Indonesia. Then, it was divided into input and output variables. The determination of input output variables at this research uses Value Added Approach. Its input output variables consist of Demand Deposits, Saving Deposits, Time Depo-sits, Paid -In Capital, Placement at Bank ofIndonesia, Inter Bank Assets, Mudharabah, Musyara kah, Murabahah, Istishna, Ijarahand Qardh. This research used Data Envelopment Analysis method. This method has a strength that is having the capability to measure inefficiency input output variables, so that, the variable can have the efficiency. This research has resulted Islamic Banking efficiency in Indonesia, but it does not include BPRS. The mean efficiency of Islamic banking in Indonesia is 99,94%. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari faktor –faktor penyebab perbedaan nilai efisiensiperbankan syariah di Indo-nesia yang dibandingkan secara relatif untuk setiap periode. Data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini menggu-nakan data keuangan perbankan syariah yang diperoleh dari Bank Indonesia kemudian dibagi menjadi variabel input dan output. Penentuan variabel input dan output pada penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan Value Added Approach. Variabel input outputnyaterdiri dari : Giro iB, Tabungan iB, Deposito iB, Modal disetor, Pen-empatan padaBank Indonesia, Penempatan pada bank lain, Mudharabah, Musyarakah, Murabahah,Istishna, Ijarah dan Qardh. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode Data Envelopment Analysis yang mempunyai kel-ebihan dalam menghitung efisiensi untuk setiap variabel input outputyang mengalami inefisiensi. Penelitian ini menghasilkan nilai efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indoenesia (tidak termasuk BPRS. Efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indonesia mengalami efisiensi rata-rata sebesar 99,94%.

  14. Syingir: Transformasi Puisi Arab ke dalam Puisi Jawa

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    Hindun

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Syingir is a advice poem that uses the daily Javanese Language and sung individually or together. Syingir developed in pesantren [lslamic boarding school] or in Islamic region, in Central Java and East Java. The creators are kyai or da'i. This poem created to spread the teachings of Islam including akidah, syariah, and muamalah by means of an easy to remember so it was easy to be understood. In terms of firm, syingir closer to the pattern of traditional Arabic poem, syi'ir known as the pattern of al-Khalil. Usage that pattern was caused by penyingir are kiais that had been familiar with ilmul arudl wal-'-qafiyah, the science of rhythm and rhyme in Arabic poetry. While in the term of content, syingir as a religious message is the transformation of the contents of the Arabic poetry which is at-ta'lim (education.

  15. ANATOMI DAUN PIPERACEAE DARI KAWASAN GUNUNG SLAMET, JAWA TENGAH

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    Eka Fatmawati Tihurua

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Leaf anatomy of Piperaceae from Gunung Slamet, Central Java has made with standard  paraffin and paradermal method. The results showed that Piperaceae has dorsiventral leaf, hypostomatatic or amphistomatatic, tetracytic and cyclocytic stomata type. Hypoderm tissue exist in upper and/or lower part of leaf, mesophyll was arranged by 1-2 layers of palisade and 2-7 layers of sponge tissue. There were 3 types of trichome i.e. glandular trichome which had globose cell with short stalk, bicellular glandular trichome and multicellular & uniseriate non-glandular trichome. The shape of the crystal of Piperaceae from gunung Slamet are sand, needle, drusse or prismatic which distributed in hypodermis, mesophyll and midrib. Piperaceae petiole was arranged by open or sometimes closed circle vascular bundles. These open vascular bundles were crescent shape or resemble to U and V shapes. 

  16. Transformasi dan Integrasi dalam Kesusastraan Nusantara: Perbandingan Teks Amir Hamzah Melayu dan Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun Zachrun Istanti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Persian Amir Hamzah text has been transformated either directly or indirectly into Arabic, Hindustani, Bengali, Turkish, and Malay. The Malays Amir Hamzah text is connector the Amir Hamzah text contained in the regional languages in Indonesia since the Malays language is the spreader of religion of Islam in Indonesia. In Indonesia, the Amir Hamzah text spread and became popular along with the spread of Islam. The Amir Hamzah text used to convey the Islamic teaching in its creation occurs through the distortion (i.e., modification, manipulation, and adjustment with the teaching will be delivered. Various distortions are done, either for its Malay, or Javanese.

  17. PENGARUH BUDAYA ORGANISASI TERHADAP MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA SERTA KINERJA KARYAWAN PADA SUB SEKTOR INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN KAYU SKALA MENENGAH DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Teman Koesmono

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this researched is to find out how big is the effect of organization culture to ward motivation, job satisfaction and employee's job performance, especially on the employee's in the production area. The analytical unit is the employee's in production area sub sector in wood industry in East Java. The more positive someone's behavior will definitely effect her/his performance, this is proven when the researcher tested the hypothesis that motivation effects the job satisfaction and job satisfaction effects the performance. The result of the direct effect on employee's motivation toward job satisfaction is 1.462,and toward performance is 0.387, the direct effet job satisfaction toward job performance is 0.003, the direct effect organization culture toward job performance is 0.506, the direct effect organization culture toward motivation is 0.680, the direct effect organization culture toward job satisfaction is 1.183. Beside, this research result is useful for the next researchers, as research material in organitional behavior science or the same kind of science. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk memenemukan bagaimana besarnya pengaruh Budaya Organisasi terhadap Motivasi, Kepuasan Kerja dan Kinerja karyawan khususnya karyawan dibagian produksi. Unit analisisnya adalah karyawan produksi pada subsektor industri pengolahan kayu di Jawa Timur. Secara positif perilaku seseorang akan berpengaruh terhadap kinerjanya, disamping itu peneliti menguji hipotesis bahwa motivasi berpengaruh kepada kepuasan kerja dan kepuasan kerja berpengaruh terhadap kinerja. Hasilnya bahwa secara langsung motivasi berpengaruh terhadap kepuasan kerja sebesar 1.462 dan motivasi berpengaruh terhadap kinerja sebesar 0.387, kepuasan kerja berpengaruh terhadap kinerja sebesar 0,003 dan budaya organisasi berpengaruh terhadap kinerja sebesar 0.506, budaya organisasi berpengaruh terhadap motivasi sebesar 0.680 dan budaya organisasi

  18. Fertilitas Remaja di Indonesia

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    Mugia Bayu Raharja

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Fertilitas remaja merupakan isu penting dari segi kesehatan dan sosial karena berhubungan dengan tingkat morbiditas serta mortalitas ibu dan anak. Tujuan penelitian adalah mempelajari faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi fertilitas remaja di Indonesia. Data yang digunakan adalah hasil Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2012 dengan unit analisis wanita usia subur yang termasuk dalam kategori usia remaja (15 - 19 tahun. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 6.927 responden. Analisis dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dan inferensial menggunakan model regresi logistik biner. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa satu dari sepuluh remaja wanita tersebut pernah melahirkan dan atau sedang hamil saat survei dilakukan; sebesar 95,2% dari remaja yang sudah pernah melahirkan, memiliki satu anak sisanya sebesar 4,8% memiliki dua atau tiga anak; sebesar 11,1% dari remaja wanita yang pernah kawin, pertama kali kawin pada usia 10 - 14 tahun. Secara statistik, terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kejadian fertilitas remaja dengan daerah tempat tinggal, pendidikan, status bekerja, serta tingkat kesejahteraan keluarga. Wanita berisiko tinggi mengalami fertilitas pada usia remaja adalah mereka yang tinggal di perdesaan, berpendidikan rendah, tidak bekerja dan berstatus ekonomi rendah. Rekomendasi berdasarkan hasil penelitian adalah akses ke tingkat pendidikan formal yang lebih tinggi bagi remaja wanita, penyediaan pelatihan usaha ekonomi kreatif terutama pada daerah perdesaan, peningkatan pengetahuan kesehatan reproduksi bagi remaja melalui pendidikan. Adolescent fertility is an important issue in terms of health and social care as it relates to the morbidity and mortality of mothers and children. This study aimed to know the factors that influence adolescent fertility in Indonesia. The data used was the result of Indonesian Demography and Health Survey in 2012 with units of analysis included women of childbearing age in the adolescent age group (15 - 19 years. Total

  19. Interregional migration flows in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wajdi, N.; van Wissen, L.J.G.; Mulder, C.H.

    2015-01-01

    Population Census and Intercensal Population Survey data permit description of the origin–destination patterns that characterize interregional migration flows in Indonesia. Application of the framework of population redistribution proposed by Long (1985) results in indications of over-urbanization,

  20. Women at risk: Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubis, I

    1996-01-01

    In Indonesia, women, commercial sex workers, truck drivers, migrant workers, and people who live in port areas easily accessible to tourists and fishermen are particularly at risk of becoming infected with HIV. Recognizing the country's potential vulnerability to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the government and the World Bank agreed to fund a $35.4 million, 3-year HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) prevention project to strengthen the capacity of government, nongovernmental organizations, and community-based organizations to carry out the basics of HIV/AIDS prevention, extend the sentinel surveillance system, ensure blood safety, launch public education campaigns, educate health workers on universal precautions and safe waste disposal, promote safer sex skills and behavioral change, and test the sensitivity of certain antibiotics to syphilis and gonorrhea. The program will also establish a STD control program and address the economic impact of the disease by improving the livelihood strategies of HIV/AIDS-affected communities.

  1. Stratigrafi gunung api daerah Bandung Selatan, Jawa Barat

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    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol1no2.20064The aim of this volcano stratigraphic study is to understand the historic relationship of each volcanoes in the South Bandung area. Methods used in this study are landsat analyses, fi eldwork, petrographic studies, and radiometric dating. Physiographically, South Bandung is composed of mountaineous area, hilly area, and high plain of Pangalengan and Bandung itself. Based on volcanic stratigraphy, volcanic rocks there are divided into eleven rock units, nine of them are identifi ed their volcanic sources, having Pliocene to Quaternary ages. The presence of subsurface Miocene volcanic rocks supports the super imposed volcanisms from Tertiary to Quaternary in this area. Mineral resources of sulphide metals are found in the central facies of Soreang, Kuda, and Dogdog volcanoes. Whereas, geologic hazards covering tectonic earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides also threaten this area. Mineral explorations and hazard mitigations are necessary to the presence of mineral resources and geologic hazard potential.  

  2. Migration and Deforestation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Darmawan, Rivayani; Klasen, Stephan; Nuryartono, Nunung

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia now has the highest deforestation rate in the world, with an average increase of about 47,600 ha per year. As a result, the nation is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world and putting its rich biodiversity at risk. Although the literature discussing the political economy of Indonesia commercial's logging is growing, only a small amount focuses on the relationship between migration and deforestation. Migration may contribute to the forest cover change, as migra...

  3. KONSUMSI GULA RUMAHTANGGA DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Nahdodin, Nahdodin

    2016-01-01

    Sejak tahun 1984 Indonesia menghadapi usaha pelestarian swasembada gula. Dalam hal ini perlu diketahui perilaku konsumsi gula di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melengkapi informasi perilaku konsumsi gula rumah tangga dengan menaksir elastisitas permintaan gula atas pendapatan dan atas harga dengan memperhatikan gejala "diseconomies of scale" dan "economies of scale", Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa elastisitas permintaan alas pendapatan sebesar 0,59, elastisitas permintaan atas ha...

  4. Family planning Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singarimbun, M

    1968-06-01

    The growth of family planning activities in Indonesia in the Postwar period is traced; and future prospects for family planning are assessed. Transmigration projects initiated by the Dutch and supported by President Sukarno after Indonesian independence as a means of decreasing population pressure on the island of Java, are identified as the only official response to the population problem until 1965. In the face of the government's opposition to the idea of birth control as a population control measure, the activities of the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) after its founding in 1957 were limited to advising mothers on spacing of their children for health reasons. Statements made in support of a national family planning program by government officials at a 1967 IPPA Congress and on other occasions are noted. The major components of an approved national family planning program to start in 1969 are described. However, the government's policy as of late 1967 and early 1968 is characterized as one of mainly benevolent encouragement and help to voluntary organizations. The chief impediment to family planning in Indonesia is said to be a lack of motivation and the force of traditional values that favor large families. On the positive side are: 1) Studies showing considerable interest in birth control by the rural population; 2) A long history of traditional birth control practices; 3) The absence of outright opposition by religious groups to the principle of family planning. However, financial costs, the need for the training of personnel, and a general unawareness of the magnitude of the task lying ahead constitute other formidable obstacles.

  5. PENGARUH FAKTOR-FAKTOR EKONOMI TERHADAP INFLASI DI INDONESIA

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    Adrian Sutawijaya

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Price stability or inflation control is one of the major macroeconomic issues. Inflation received special attention in the economy of Indonesia. Every time there is a distortion in the society, politic or economic development, people always relate it to inflation. Low and stable inflation is a stimulator of economic growth. The variables that will be examined in this study are interest rate, investment, money supply, and exchange rate. This study is using data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS, and Bank Indonesia (BI between 1985-2005. The research data were analyzed by using OLS (Ordinary Least Square. The study indicates that interest rate, money supply, investment, and exchange rates simultaneously effect the inflation in Indonesia. Interest rate has a positive influence 1289%. Money supply will has a positive influence on inflation 0.001%. Investment negatively impact inflation -0.0001802%. Exchange rate has a positive impact on inflation 0.00427%. Stabilitas harga atau pengendalian inflasi merupakan salah satu isu utama ekonomi makro. Inflasi mendapat perhatian khusus dalam perekonomian Indonesia. Setiap kali ada distorsi di masyarakat, politik atau ekonomi, orang selalu mengaitkannya dengan inflasi. Tingkat inflasi yang rendah dan stabil akan menjadi inflasi stimulator pertumbuhan ekonomi. Variabel yang akan diteliti dalam penelitian ini adalah tingkat suku bunga, investasi, uang beredar, dan nilai tukar. Penelitian ini menggunakan data dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS dan Bank Indonesia (BI antara 1985-2005. Data penelitian dianalisis dengan menggunakan OLS (Ordinary Least Square. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat suku bunga, jumlah uang beredar, investasi, dan nilai tukar secara simultan mempengaruhi inflasi di Indonesia. Tingkat bunga memiliki pengaruh positif 1,289%. Uang beredar akan memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap inflasi 0,001%. Investasi berdampak negatif inflasi -,0001802%. Kurs memiliki dampak positif pada inflasi 0,00427%.

  6. Oil & Community Welfare: A Case Study on People Oil Mining in Indonesia

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    Nugroho Trisnu Brata

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Usually in the oil mining area was exploited by oil company that under licensed from the state. Nevertheless on an oil mining field in East Java Province in Indonesia there is people oil mining that exploited and distributed by the people. They are working on the people oil mining area. Working is a phenomenon inherent to adults in satisfying their needs. People work for a multitude of motivation. Working may lead a particular worker to occupy certain social status within the society. This paper aims to examine the phenomenon of people working in the oil distribution link from people oil mining  to consumer. More specifically, this study aims to describe the impacts of working in the oil mining on the miners’ social and economic life. The method used in this research is ethnography. Data were collected through observation, in-depth interviews, note taking, and recording. The location of research is in a petroleum artisanal mining area in East Java Province. The results showed that the impact of working in the oil distribution link from people oil mining to consumer is the generation of income used to meet the basic needs, to purchase personal means of transportation, to purchase some piece of land, and to pay for the children’s education.Biasanya ladang minyak dieksploitasi perusahaan yang memperolehy ijin dari negara. Akan tetapi ada ladang minyak di Jawa Timur yang dieksploitasi oleh masyarakat. Mereka bekerja pada ladang seperti  itu. Pekerja memiliki motivasi bermacam-macam dalam pekerjaanya. Bekerja membantu seseorang memperoleh status tertentu dalam masyarakat. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menelaah fenomena pekerja ladang minyak. Pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab dalam penelitian ini adalah: (1 mengapa orang bekerja di ladang minyak?; (2 bagaimana kesejahteraan mereka?; dan (3 bagaimana pengaruh bekerja di ladang minyak pada kehidupan sosial dan ekonomi para pekerja?. Penelitian menggunakan metode etnografi. Penelitian dilakukan di Jawa

  7. NGANDAGAN LAMPAU DAN KONTEMPORER (Sebuah Telaah Perubahan Agraria di Desa Ngandagan, Jawa Tengah

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    Risma Junita

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is known as an agricultural country that rich in agricultural resources. Talking about agrarian problems, can not be separated from the study of the agrarian tenure systems, especially land. During the past years, known as one of the land tenure system is communal tenure systems. In a village located in the province of Central Java, Ngandagan Village, such mastery system is also available and applied. To be interesting to analyzed when communal land tenure system is transformed into a tenure system that contains the values of innovation tenure in Ngandagan Village, through the role of a village leader. This paper aims to review and analyze the current context Ngandagan village conditions. Review and analysis are based on two bookswhich telling abaut past condition and contemporary condition of Ngandagan village. In particular, this report is organized to identify and analyze some of the main things that happened in the village of Ngandagan, namely: agrarian change, the situation or circumstances behind the change in the agrarian, the agent who plays a role in the agrarian change, kind of impact arising from the agrarian change to the distribution of land ownership and to the socio-economic aspects of society. The agrarian changes related to the control system of agrarian resources and agrarian relationship.Soemotirto headman is someone who leads a government organization in Ngandagan, has been successfully using its strengths as a headman to make a few changes in the village. The impact of a agrarian change in Ngandagan can be viewed from two aspects, namely the impact on the distribution of land ownership and the impact on socio - economic aspects. The impacts make equity of access to the resources,remove of exploitative agrarian relationship and makethe increase of economic conditions with an increased level of well-being and more evenly.

  8. Recent situation of schistosomiasis in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izhar, Ali; Sinaga, R M; Sudomo, M; Wardiyo, N D

    2002-05-01

    Schistosomiasis in Indonesia is limited to two very isolated areas, the Napu and Lindu valleys, in the province of Central Sulawesi. The disease was initially found in 1937 in the village of Tomado. In 1940, a study on schistosomiasis in the Lake Lindu area was initiated and an infection rate of 56% among the people in the three villages of Anca, Tomado and Langko was found. Before a comprehensive control programme was initiated, the infection rate among the population of approximately 4000 people in the Napu valley was very high, e.g. 72% in the village of Winowanga. In 1982, more coordinated and intensive schistosomiasis control measures in the Napu and Lindu valleys were initiated. The average infection rate after control measures were greatly decreased-in Napu valley it was 1.83%, while in Lindu valley it was 0.46%, in 1999. The control approaches can be described over five phases, from 1982 to 1986, up to 1998 to present. In 1998, an agreement between the Government of Indonesia and the Asian Development Bank was signed to develop the schistosomiasis endemic areas of Central Sulawesi into a better socio-economic condition. The objectives of the project are not only to control schistosomiasis, but mainly to protect the National Park which is located between the Lindu and Napu valleys. It is an integrated project named 'Central Sulawesi Integrated Area Development and Conservation Project' and many relevant sectors have been involved in the implementation of this project for the development of the area, including control of schistosomiasis. The implementation of the integrated project started in 1999.

  9. Politik Indonesia Tahun 1990-an: Kebangkitan Ideologi?

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    Saiful Mujani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a review of the book Politics in Indonesia : Democracy , Islam and the Ideology of Tolerance written by Douglas E. Ramage . This book is the result of research that lasted from 1990-1994 , a period characterized much political debate and move groups of Indonesia, including from Islamic groups . The problem is studied from this book is a discourse about Pancasila as interpreted by these groups with all the implications of the widespread national problem .According to Ramage , initially it looked Pancasila as an ideology that is not interesting , nothing more than a tool of legitimacy of the New Order power elite . But after carefully considered , as it turns out wrong impression . Pancasila has turned out to be an interesting and important discourse studied . Pancasila turned out to be above the interests of the power elite . He became a central discourse in Indonesian politics , involving a variety of groups and interests . The debate over the interpretation of Pancasila inevitableCopyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v3i1.817

  10. Determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia

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    Agho Kingsley

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neonatal mortality accounts for almost 40 per cent of under-five child mortality, globally. An understanding of the factors related to neonatal mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to prevent neonatal deaths. This study aimed to identify the determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia, for a nationally representative sample of births from 1997 to 2002. Methods The data source for the analysis was the 2002–2003 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey from which survival information of 15,952 singleton live-born infants born between 1997 and 2002 was examined. Multilevel logistic regression using a hierarchical approach was performed to analyze the factors associated with neonatal deaths, using community, socio-economic status and proximate determinants. Results At the community level, the odds of neonatal death was significantly higher for infants from East Java (OR = 5.01, p = 0.00, and for North, Central and Southeast Sulawesi and Gorontalo combined (OR = 3.17, p = 0.03 compared to the lowest neonatal mortality regions of Bali, South Sulawesi and Jambi provinces. A progressive reduction in the odds was found as the percentage of deliveries assisted by trained delivery attendants in the cluster increased. The odds of neonatal death were higher for infants born to both mother and father who were employed (OR = 1.84, p = 0.00 and for infants born to father who were unemployed (OR = 2.99, p = 0.02. The odds were also higher for higher rank infants with a short birth interval (OR = 2.82, p = 0.00, male infants (OR = 1.49, p = 0.01, smaller than average-sized infants (OR = 2.80, p = 0.00, and infant's whose mother had a history of delivery complications (OR = 1.81, p = 0.00. Infants receiving any postnatal care were significantly protected from neonatal death (OR = 0.63, p = 0.03. Conclusion Public health interventions directed at reducing neonatal death should

  11. Civil Service Reform in Indonesia: Culture and Institution Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Prijono Tjiptoherijanto

    2012-01-01

    In adapting to the globalization era, the Indonesian government has to improve the structure of its bureaucracy, both in terms of enhancing the quality of government employee, and developing a modern and efficient government system. As with any reform, strong and determined leadership is crucial. While good governance is central for anticipatring the challenges of global competition, Indonesia must also undertake civil service reforms to achieve a cleaner and more efficient bureaucracy.

  12. Instrumen Musik Barat dan Gamelan Jawa dalam Iringan Tari Keraton Yogyakarta

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    R.M. Surtihadi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Perpaduan instrumen musik Barat dengan instrumen gamelan Jawa untukmengiringi tari di Keraton Yogyakarta sudah berlangsung sejak lampau. Hingga saatini perpaduan tersebut masih dapat dijumpai. Bermula dari peristiwa kontak budayaBarat dan Timur, instrumen musik Barat telah menjadi bagian dari kelengkapanupacara protokoler Keraton Yogyakarta. Tujuan penulisan ini untuk membuat kajianhistoris perpaduan gamelan Jawa dengan seperangkat instrumen musik orkestraBarat untuk mengiringi pertunjukan tari putri pada bagian kapang-kapang Bedhaya,Srimpi, dan tari putra Lawung Ageng Keraton Yogyakarta. Beberapa instrumenmusik Barat seperti instrumen genderang, tambur (percussion section, instrumengesek (string sections, instrumen tiup kayu (woodwind sections dan tiup logam (brasssections digunakan dalam mengiringi tarian-tarian tersebut di atas. Metode kualitatifanalisis data dipakai untuk mengupas masalah ini. Namun, pendekatan sosial-politikjuga akan dipakai dalam mengulas permasalahan yang terkait. Berdasarkan penelitianini dapat disimpulkan bahwa dampak peristiwa intrik politik yang terjadi di keratonterbukti telah memengaruhi kehidupan keseniannya. Kebutuhan upacara protokoleryang merupakan kegiatan rutin pada saat itu dilengkapi dengan berbagai macamsajian pertunjukan musik untuk menambah hidup suasana pesta dansa dengandiiringi musik berirama waltz. Blend of Western Musical Instruments and Javanese Gamelan in DanceAccompaniment and Protocol Ceremonies of Keraton Yogyakarta. Westernmusical intruments have been combined with the Javanese gamelan instruments toaccompany dances performed in Keraton Yogyakarta (the Yogyakarta Palace. It startedwith the coming of the Western culture which then ‘interacting’ with the East. Sincethen, the Western musical instruments have completed the protocol ceremonies held byKeraton Yogyakarta. The objective to be obtained with this research is to historicallystudy the blend of the Javanese gamelan with the Western

  13. ESTIMASI PARAMETER POPULASI IKAN TONGKOL KOMO (Euthynnus affinis DI PERAIRAN LAUT JAWA

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    Umi Chodrijah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Tongkol komo (Euthynnus affinis yang dikenal dengan nama perdagangan kawa-kawa termasuk dalam family Scombridae. Sebagai ikan pelagis mereka membentuk gerombolan, perenang cepat dan pemakan daging (carnivore. Penelitian tentang estimasi parameter populasi ikan tongkol komo di Laut Jawa didasarkan pada pengumpulan data di Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Pekalongan, pada bulan Februari-Desember 2012. Analisis parameter populasi menggunakan program “Electronic Length Frequency Analysis (ELEFAN-1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebaran frekuensi panjang cagak ikan tongkol komo selama penelitian diperoleh panjang minimum 11,7 cm FL, panjang maksimum 55,4 cmFL dan panjang-rata-rata 34,1 cm. Persamaan dari hubungan panjang dan bobot ikan tongkol komo adalah W=0,00001L3,1267 (r2=0,986. Parameter populasi menunjukkan panjang asimtotik (L∞ = 59,63 cm, kecepatan pertumbuhan ikan tongkol (K =  0,91 per tahun dan umur pada saat ditetaskan (t0  = 0,178 tahun. Mortalitas total (Z adalah 2,64 per tahun dengan mortalitas alami (M dan mortalitas penangkapan (F masing-masing 1,13/tahun dan  1,51/tahun. Rasio eksploitasi ikan tongkol adalah 0,57 pertahun. Hal ini berarti bahwa pemanfaatan ikan tongkol komo di Laut Jawa sudah dimanfaatkan secara penuh (fully exploited. As pelagic fish, kawa-kawa (Euthynnus affinis were included in the family Scombridae, Schooling behaviours, fast swimmers and carnivore. Research on population parameter estimates of kawa-kawa of the Java Sea conducted in the Pekalongan fishing port during February to December 2012. Data analyzed using analytical model application with program of “Electronic Length Frequency Analysis (ELEFAN -1”. The results showed that the frequency distribution of fish during sampling periods ranged of 11.7 cm FL to 55.4 cmFL with average length of 34.1 cmFL. Equation of a length and weight relationship of W = 0.00001 L3, 1267 (r2 = 0.986. Population parameters included asymptotic length growth rate (L∞ was

  14. DESENTRALISASI PENGELUARAN DI INDONESIA

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    Siti Herni Rochana

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the implementation of Law 22/1999 and Law 25/1999 of 2001, has been an increase in the implementation of fiscal decentralization with a phenomenon called Big Bang. The study was conducted to determine the degree of decentralization of expenditure covering the period before and after the implementation of regional autonomy. The research data is a panel data drawn from 30 provinces between 1994 to 2007. The results showed that in Indonesia there has been a significant increase in expenditure decentralization since 2001. Significant increases occurred mainly on the expenditure side, especially the decentralization of authority be spending more than doubled from the previous. On a national scale, the degree of decentralization of authority expenditure increased from 10.48% in the year 2000 to 25.45% in 2001. And the average for each province, the degree of decentralization of spending authority increased from 0.40% in 2000 to 0, 85% in 2001DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2423

  15. Analisis stratigrafi awal kegiatan Gunung Api Gajahdangak di daerah Bulu, Sukoharjo; Implikasinya terhadap stratigrafi batuan gunung api di Pegunungan Selatan, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hill Gendoet Hartono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no3.20091Generally, Tertiary volcanisms in the Southern Mountains, Central Jawa were started with the formation of pillow lavas having basalt to basaltic andesite in composition. This initial stage volcanism developed into a  construction period of composite volcanoes that consist of alternating basaltic to andesitic lava flows, breccias, and tuffs. The construction period could be followed by a destructive phase, producing pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs of high silica andesite to dacite, or even rhyolite in composition. A stratigraphic measuring section at Bulu area, Sukoharjo Regency, presents an alternat- ing fine-grained andesitic volcaniclastic material and some limestones, with the total thickness is 143.33 m. The thickness of bedded volcaniclastic material tends to be thickening upward from 35 m until 90 m. The grain size of the volcaniclastic material also tends to be coarsening upward from clay size through silt and fine sand to coarse sand and granules. Paleontological analysis on fossils contained in the lime- stone gives an age of Early Miocene (N7 - N9. The volcaniclastic rocks is conformably overlain by the Mandalika Formation, comprising alternating andesitic breccias, lavas, and tuffs. These data imply that the fine-grained volcaniclastic material is an initial product of the construction period of Gajahdangak Volcano in the area, that formed the Mandalika Formation. This Formation is overlain by the Semilir Formation, composed of pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias and tuffs with dacitic composition. This as- sociated volcanic rock reflects a product of a caldera explosion or a destructive phase. Based on the characteristics of lithology of volcanic products from the initial stage, to a construction and destruction period, and compiled age data, the Southern Mountains represent formal volcanic rock units that are able to be divided into many formations.  

  16. STRENGTHENING BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN INDONESIA

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    S. Sastrapradja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The wave of biotechnology promises has struck not only the developed countries but the developing countries as well. The scientific community in Indonesia is aware of the opportunities and is eager to take an active part in this particular endeavour. Meanwhile resources are required to welcoming the biotech­nology era. The need of trained manpower, appropriate infrastructure and equipment, operational and maintenance costs requires serious consideration if a unit or a laboratory is expected to be functional in biotechnology. There is a good opportunity of applying biotechnology in the field of agriculture and industry considering the availability of biological resources in Indonesia. This paper outlines what have been done so far, the difficulties encountered and the efforts made to strengthening biotechnology research in Indonesia.

  17. DETERMINAN TABUNGAN MUDHARABAH DI INDONESIA

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    Roikhan Moch Aziz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research to determine how the influence of macro variables were Profit Sharing Ratio (equivalent rate, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI against Mudharabah Savings at Islamic Banking in Indonesia. The data used in this research were data time series by using multiple regressions and analysis by Ordinary Least Squares. The results showed that simultaneously independent variables (Profit Sharing ratio, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI have significant influence the dependent variable (MudharabaH Savings with probability 0.000000. End that partially independent variables (Inflation with probability 0.0013, GDP with probability 0.0000, and SWBI with probability 0.0000 have positively influence and significantly to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings in the Islamic Banking of Indonesia. While between the variable independent (Profit Sharing ratio to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings have not significantly with probability 0.2040, in the Islamic Banking of IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2425

  18. Telaah Kritis Otonomi Daerah di Indonesia

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    Auri Adham Putro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The regional autonomy policy based on Law No. 22/1999 and Law No. 25/1999 is intended to cope with problems of national disintegration of Indonesia. However, during the implementation of this policy, several constraints appear. The first is economic constraint, and the second is political constraint. Economic constraints relates to the shift of local government paradigm from effectiveness and efficiency oriented policy to economic oriented policy, implying also to natural resources exploitation and to decrease of public services. Political constraint is due to excessive political powers of legislatives that are not supported by adequate human resources quality. This will lead to legislative authoritarianism, Therefore, the success of regional autonomy policy depends on the democratic central government that support law enforcement.

  19. Perancangan Aplikasi Web Dinamis Pada Bank Indonesia Kantpr Cabang Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Yeni F.

    2011-01-01

    Bank Indonesia merupakan satu-satunya bank sentral di Indonesia yang menangani berbagai kegiatan keuangan dan perbankan. Selain itu Bank Indonesia juga mendukung dan memberikan andil dalam menjalankan roda perekonomian di Indonesia. Karena pengaruhnya yang besar dalam roda perekonomian Indonesia maka lembaga ini telah meluncurkan sebuah web dinamis yang telah dipublikasikan oleh pimpinan Bank Indonesia di pusat (Jakarta). Website tersebut menyajikan berbagai informasi Bank Indonesia secara um...

  20. DINAMISASI TRADISI ISLAM DI ERA GLOBALISASI: Studi atas Tradisi Keagamaan Kampung Jawa Tondano

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    Yusno Abdullah Otta

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available There are signifiant relationship between modernization andm religion in the modernization and globalization era. In the context of Indonesia, religion, the teachings and traditions, preserved as a fundamental basis of morality to inflence the flw of modernization. Indonesian society, in general, divided into two groups of “modernist” and “traditional”. This grouping occurs because, from a historical perspective, the existence of Islam in Indonesia is experiencing a collision with various forms of local syncretic and, also, with Western civilization, especially, in the period of colonialism, the Christian religion, as happened in the village of Tondano Java, in particular, and other areas in Indonesia, in general. The result of research shows that all the tradition in this Tondano Javanese village today is still carried out consistently by the citizens. Flow of modernization and globalization were not many signifiant impacts for the implementation of these various religious traditions.

  1. Logistic Management of Antiretrovirals in Indonesia

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    Yuyun Yuniar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The escalation of HIV-AIDS epidemic needs a comprehensive control efforts including the treatmentstage. ARV is inevitably needed to control the development of HIV-AIDS infection. The availability and accessibility of ARVis crucial to reach the successful treatment. Objective: To identify the implementation of logistic management process inthe central level. Methods: Conducting in depth interviews with informants from AIDS and Infectious Disease sub divisionof the Directorate General of Disease Prevention and Control-MoH, Directorate General Pharmacy and Medical Devices,GF-ATM, and PT. Kimia Farma as the manufacturer of ARV in Indonesia. Data was collected in Jakarta during May-August2011. Result: Source of fund procurement of ARV drugs in Indonesia comes from the national budget and Global Fund.Kimia Farma is the only national manufacture of 5-drugs firts line of ARV, while second line ARV is import include rawmaterials of ARVs. Logistics management consists of planning, procurement and storage, and distribution. Conclusion:Logistic management of ARV in the central level has run in accordance to drug logistic cycle. Unfortunately, most rawactive materials and final second line of ARVs product were still being imported. The government has planned an exitstrategy to reduce the dependency on the donor funding. The report and coordination process among the government,PT. Kimia Farma and end user (hospitals has not worked well and synchronized. Recommendation: The governmenthave to encourage the local pharmaceutical industries to be able to produce ARV, especially the second line. All relatedstakeholders should enhance good coordination through periodic monitoring and evaluation in ARV distribution processand human resources capability in reporting mechanism.

  2. ANALISIS IT GOVERNANCE DENGAN DOMAIN MEA01 DALAM PELAKSANAAN E-HEALTH MENGGUNAKAN KERANGKA KERJA COBIT 5 PADA DINAS KESEHATAN PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Rusyida Baniya Savira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi Informasi memiliki peran yang sangat penting untuk mendukung tujuan pencapaian suatu kegiatan dalam organisasi mupun instansi. Apabila pemanfaatan TI sudah berjalan dan mampu berintegrasi dengan baik dengan organisasi, maka TI mampu mendorong terjadinya peningkatan kinerja organisasi. Untuk mendukungnya, dibutuhkan suatu kegiatan monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja suatu organisasi. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah merupakan suatu instansi pemerintahan yang bertindak sebagai penyelenggara untuk penyediaan layanan kesehatan kepada masyarakat di daerah Jawa Tengah. Permasalahan yang pada Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah adalah dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan pengawasan dan evaluasi masih ditemukan beberapa kekurangan seperti kurang lengkapnya Standart Operational Procedure (SOP mengenai detail proses pengawasan dan penilaian kinerja, proses tata kelola TI yang belum dilakukan secara menyeluruh, serta kurangnya pengawasan dalam peningkatan kebutuhan pemakaian e-health. Dari hasil studi dokumen, wawancara dan kuesioner berdasarkan COBIT 5 dihasilkan level kapabilitas tata kelola proses monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja dan kesesuaian (MEA01 saat ini adalah level 1 yaitu Performed, dengan tingkat pencapaian Largely Achieved sebesar 83,33% atau setara dengan 1,83 yang menunjukkan bahwa proses monitoring kinerja dan kesesuaian yang telah diimplementasikan berhasil mencapai tujuan instansi tetapi masih belum sepenuhnya dikelola dengan baik. Untuk mencapai level kapabilitas 2, dapat dilakukan strategi perbaikan secara bertahap dari proses atribut level 1 sampai 2. Kata kunci: COBIT 5, Analisis Tata Kelola TI, E-health, Proses Monitoring Evaluate and Assess Performance and Conformance (MEA01, Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

  3. Pemanfaatan Biji Asam Jawa (TamarindusIndica sebagai Koagulan Alternatif dalam Proses Menurunkan Kadar COD dan BOD dengan Studi Kasus pada Limbah Cair Industri Tempe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Intan Ramadhani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Biji asam jawa yang selama ini jarang dimanfaatkan perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut untuk pengolahan limbah cair yang lebih ekonomis dan ramah lingkungan.  Kandungan polisakarida dalam biji asam jawa (Tamarindus Indica merupakan koagulan alami yang terbukti cukup efektif dalam peningkatan kualitas air limbah. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh biji asam jawa sebagai koagulan pada limbah cair industri tempe sehingga diperoleh hasil yang optimum. Adapun yang dimaksud dengan hasil optimum yaitu dengan tercapainya penurunan kadar COD, BOD, dan TSS pada limbah cair yang digunakan sesuai dengan baku mutu dan kondisi yang tidak membahayakan lingkungan. Variabel yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah pH, TSS, kadar COD dan BOD dengan membandingkan dari tiap-tiap variasi. Variabel penelitian yang digunakan adalah pemberian dosis biji asam jawa sebagai koagulan dengan variasi (500, 1500, 2500, 3500 mg/l, kecepatan putaran pada proses koagulasi-flokulasi dan lama pengadukan lambat (flokulasi. Pada penelitian ini, terdapat korelasi antara dosis koagulan dan kecepatan pengadukan yang diberikan terhadap efisiensi penurunan kadar BOD, COD dan TSS. Dosis optimum yang diperoleh yaitu 1500 mg/l limbah. Sedangkan hasil optimum diperoleh pada kecepatan koagulasi 180 rpm selama 1 menit dan flokulasi 80 rpm dengan lama waktu pengadukan 45 menit.

  4. Kesiapan Kerja Siswa Lembaga Pendidikan Kejuruan di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Jawa Tengah dan Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tawardjono U.S.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A cluster of 26 Institutes of Vocational Education taken from the total number of 205 in DIY Cental Jawa was employed as an sample in this study to describe the readiness of their students for the job market. It was shown from the analysis of data that the level of readiness of the students for the job market was very high, so was their motivation. The number of sample amount to 525 students. The research instruments consist of questionnaires, tests, observation schedules, and interview schedules.

  5. Probabilitas Teroris Perempuan di Indonesia

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    M. Endy Saputro

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian police through Densus 88 have analyzed and predicted the strategy of terrorism in Indonesia, which was important to note that those Indonesian terrorist are males. In short, the Indonesian terrorists need to set up their strategy of attack. Will the Indonesian terrorists build a new strategy with taking involve woman within the strategy? This paper aims to understand the involvement of women terrorist in some suicide actions in global context. To sum up, this paper argues that the emergence of women terrorist in Indonesia are possible, yet it requires the precedence conditions of world women terrorists in global contexts.

  6. EFEK ANTIFERTILITAS EKSTRAK AKAR SOM JAWA (Talinum paniculatum Gaertn. PADA MENCIT (Mus musculus L. JANTAN

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    Tetri Widiyani

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Talinum paniculatum Gaertn commonly is used as aphrodisiac herb. Phytosterol, saponin, flavonoid and tannin of the herb have a certain bioactivity and may affect to the body system. The objective of this research was to examine the antifertility effects of sam jawa (Talinum paniculatum Gaertn. root extract (SJRE on male mice (Mus musculus L.. Twenty male mice were divided into 4 groups randomly with 5 replications. SJRE was dissolved in aquadest and given orally everyday for 34 days. The treatment dosages were 0 (control, 100,200, and 300 mg/kg BW. At 35th day mice were sacrificed and sectioned to remove testes and epididymis spermatozoas. Testes were sectioned using paraffin method and stained using Haematoxyllin-Eosin. Spermatogenic cells in each seminiferous tubule were counted to investigated spermatogenesis activity of testes. Epididymis sperm suspension was used to investigate sperm quality i.e: morphology, velocity and motility. Quantitatives data were analized using ANOVA and continued DMRT on 5% significance level. The result showed SJRE had antifertility effects on male mice (Mus musculus L. could inhibit spermatogenesis (decrease the spermatogenic cells count and decrease the sperm quality (increase percentage of abnormal sperm, decrease sperm motility and also decrease sperm velocity.

  7. Analisis Pembebanan Ekonomis pada Jaringan 500 kV Jawa Bali Menggunakan Software PowerWorld

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badru Tamam Arozaq

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada jaringan 500 kV Jawa Bali, PT. PLN (Persero P3B menentukan kombinasi pembangkit yang akan beroperasi pada setiap level beban tertentu. Oleh karena itu, Economic Dispatch (ED atau pembagian pembebanan secara ekonomis dilakukan untuk menghasilkan pembebanan pembangkit yang optimal. Namun, hasil dari Economic Dispatch tersebut belum tentu dapat memenuhi batasan sistem seperti batasan pembakitan generator dan batasan saluran. Untuk itu, Optimal Power Flow (OPF perlu dilakukan dalam rangka pembagian pembebanan secara ekonomis, sekaligus memenuhi batasan-batasan sistem. Pada tugas akhir ini, perhitungan pembagian pembebanan pembangkit dilakukan dengan menggunakan software PowerWorld. Software ini memiliki keunggulan dalam teknik analisis, interaktif, dan disertai dengan grafik, sehingga mempermudah pembaca dalam memahami informasi yang diberikan. Dari hasil pengujian, terbukti bahwa pada keadaan normal ED dan OPF dalam penggunaan software PowerWorld, menghasilkan nilai yang sama yaitu sebesar 662.264,94 $/h. Tetapi pada saat terjadi pelanggaran batas saluran transmisi, hasil simulasi ED lebih murah yaitu sebesar 665.834,06 $/h sedangkan hasil OPF sebesar 863.630,50 $/h.

  8. Hibriditas Medium pada Film Opera Jawa Karya Garin Nugroho sebagai Sebuah Dekonstruksi

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    Riksa Belasunda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the midst of the ideas, concepts, messages, and aesthetics uniformity at national films, it is interesting to make Opera Jawa movie by Garin Nugroho the object of study. That is the reason why the study was conducted. The research was an effort to improve the audience's productive and active role in understanding and interpreting the subtitles by focusing on how to read the message and meaning through subtitles constructed by the diversity of the medium use. The study conducted with the postmodern aesthetic approach through semiotic method with descriptive interpretive technique dismantles the structure of the film code language through the analysis of narrative and dramatic structure-forming elements of the film. It deals with aspects such as non-verbal signs of visual elements and movement in the film shot. These elements are constructed by the medium expression choice of the filmmaker in delivering his message. The filmmaker delivers his criticism or satire through swerved meaning and medium exploration (medium hybridism. Through this film, Garin Nugroho deconstructed the figures, space, message and meaning, as well as the narrative of the epic Ramayana by Walmiki as a reference. It reflects gender issues, feminism, masculinity domination, class warfare, and capitalism.

  9. PENDUGAAN PARAMETER POPULASI IKAN CAKALANG (Katsuwonus pelamis, Linnaeus, 1758 DI SAMUDERA HINDIA SELATAN JAWA

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    Fathur Rochman

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ikan cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis tergolong jenis ikan tuna yang merupakan tangkapan utama di Samudera Hindia. Kajian dinamika populasi menjadi penting sebagai dasar pengelolaan perikanan, agar stok ikan dapat dimanfaatkan secara berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyediakan informasi tentang parameter populasi ikan cakalang di perairan Samudera Hindia Selatan Jawa. Pengambilan data dengan bantuan enumerator di pusat pendaratan ikan (Cilacap, Palabuhanratu, Tamperan-Pacitan, dan Sendang biru-Malang selama periode Januari-Desember 2012 dengan jumlah sample total sebanyak 3.118 ekor. Data frekuensi panjang (cmFL selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan program FiSAT II untuk menduga parameter pertumbuhan, mortalitas, dan rekrutmen. Hasil penelitian parameter populasi adalah sebagai berikut: panjang asimptotik (L” sebesar 80,85 cmFL dengan nilai K sebesar 1,1/tahun dan nilai t0 sebesar -0,110 tahun. Mortalitas alami (M sebesar 1,44/ tahun, mortalitas total (Z sebesar 2,99/tahun dan mortalitas karena penangkapan (F sebesar 1,55/tahun. Pola rekrutmen ikan cakalang terjadi setiap tahun dengan puncaknya diduga pada bulanApril sampai dengan Agustus. Tingkat eksploitasi sebesar 0,52/tahun, menyebar pada level yang optimum.

  10. KOSMOLOGI RUANG ADAT SEBAGAI IDENTITAS PEMUKIMAN KAMPUNG NAGA, TASIKMALAYA - JAWA BARAT

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    Meta Khairunnisa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available [Title: Traditional Cosmologycal Space as Kampung Naga Setlement Identity, Tasikmalaya - Jawa Barat] Located far from the city, an architectural masterpiece grows and developes in traditional settlement. The form and settlement identity merges with emotional’s people inside that not only creates an identity but also influences in the development of surrounding area . local wisdom is created from local identity and cultural that becomes soul and character of the settlement (Haryanto,2007:89. Place is created by experience memories in the past that makes the familiar space and indepth meaning (Tuan,2010:73. Kampung Naga is one of the Sundanesse traditional settlement in West Java that maintains the culture and local wisdom, nevertheless globalisation begin to influences the meaning of cultural space inside. Its has a cosmology cocept, proper behaviour and religion that is created naturally and transmitted orally from generation to generation.The research is to understand cultural themes in Kampung Naga as an identity of Naga’s people. Etnography metodology is used to describe the space indepth and connectivity of the meaning. Cultural spaces that is created from cosmologycal persception and traditional low are Pamali space, Sacred Space and Gender space, the elements of space inside give indepth meaning and create local identity of Sundanese people.

  11. APLIKASI VISUALISASI DATA SEKOLAH DI KABUPATEN PASURUAN JAWA TIMUR BERBASIS ANDROID

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    Andy Pramono

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Pada saat ini kebutuhan akan ketersediaan informasi yang cukup akurat sangat dibutuhkan dalam  segala bentuk kegiatan atau usaha, baik itu dalam lingkup pemerintahan maupun usaha. Demikian pula dalam hal ketersediaan informasi data non akademik sekolah sangat diperlukan bagi Dinas Pendidikan dan kebudayaan Kabupaten Pasuruan, yang selama ini mengalami kesulitan dalam mengambil kebijakan pengembangan pendidikan di Kabupaten Pasuruan karena kurangnya informasi non akademik sekolah. Penelitian ini merupakan pengembangan dari penelitian sebelumnya yang berbasis web untuk propinsi Kalimantan Timur, penelitian ini akan menghasilkan suatu aplikasi visualisasi pemetaan sekolah Kabupaten Pasuruan yang akan menghasilkan suatu aplikasi yang mampu memberikan informasi mengenai data non akademik sekolah bagi Dinas Pendidikan Kabupaten Pasuruan yang divisualisasikan dalam bentuk pemetaan vektor 2D ini dilaksanakan dalam beberapa tahap melalui tahap pengumpulan data dan analisa, konsep perancangan aplikasi (konsep perancangan meliputi DFD, ER, Desain Interface dan implementasi dan ujicoba. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah memberikan alternatif solusi dalam memberikan informasi data non akademik sekolah di Kabupaten Pasuruan Jawa Timur.

  12. Indonesia country report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murni Soedyartomo Soentono, Tri [National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia - Batan, Radioisotopes and Radiopharmaceuticals Development Centre, Pasar Jum' at, Cinere Raya, 12570 Jakarta (Indonesia)

    2008-07-01

    Several nuclear research are currently operation in Serpong, Jakarta, Bandung and Yogyakarta; these facilities has been in operation step wisely and having strong link with various universities and laboratories within the country (30 MW in Serpong, 2 MW in Bandung, Cyclotron CS-30 Serpong, Accelerator Yogyakarta, Irradiator Co-60). Public Acceptance: Further more the routine activities of the public information by WiN regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, especially to the immediate environment of the NPP candidate site are indeed of important steps. Future of nuclear power: Since 1990's, Indonesia planned to build NPP station in Jepara to anticipate future energy crisis. Indonesia National Energy Policy has four main objectives: - Securing the continuity of energy supply for domestic use at price affordable to the public, - Enhancing the life quality of the people, - Stimulating economic growth, and, - Reserving an adequate supply of oil and gas for expert to provide source of foreign exchange to fund the national development program. Nuclear Waste Management Policy: Law no 10/1997 on nuclear power became the basic policy in management of radioactive waste The only national agency dealing with radioactive substances, BATAN possesses all data and information concerning the use of nuclear power. Radioactive waste management is particularly earmarked for maximum protection of living creatures, the environment and its ecosystems. In order to guarantee maximum safety and protection, all parties involved in the acquisition of radioactive materials should abide by the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle. In order to achieve radioactive waste management that complies with the principle of sustainable development, technological applications should be technically and economically viable for maximum protection of the environment and safety from any potential nuclear hazards, now and in future. The application must also be accepted by the community

  13. Islamisasi Jawa

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    Azyumardi Azra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Bookreview: M.C. Ricklefs, Islamisation and Its Opponents in Java: A Political, Social, and Religious History, c. 1930 to the Present (Singapore: NUS Press, 2012, xxi+575 halamanThis work of Ricklefs is the last in a trilogy and follows Mystic Synthesis in Java: A History of Islamisation from the Fourteenth to the Early Nineteenth Centuries (2006, and Polarising Javanese Society: Islamic and Other Visions c. 1830–1930 (2007. The three works comprehensively discuss the Islamization of Java since the 14th century. Observing the process and dynamics of Islamization in Javanese society during the centuries up until the contemporary era, Ricklefs concludes that Javanese Muslims have surpassed the difficult times of the early spread of Islam, the era of Dutch and Japanese colonialism, the messy government of Soekarno, the totalitarian government of Soeharto, and contemporary democratic period. Undergoing various changes, Javanese Muslims have become an outstanding example of increased Islamic religiosity. The three works dispute the assumption of many scholars that a large part of Javanese–Muslim society is abangan, or nominal, Muslim.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.352 

  14. Challenges for control of taeniasis/cysticercosis in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suroso, Thomas; Margono, Sri S; Wandra, Toni; Ito, Akira

    2006-01-01

    Taeniasis/cysticercosis has been reported from several provinces of Indonesia: Papua (=former Irian Jaya), Bali, North Sumatra, East Nusa Tenggara, South East Sulawesi, Lampung, North Sulawesi, Jakarta, West Kalimantan, and East Java. The highest level of endemicity of taeniasis/cysticercosis has been found in Papua. Recent surveys in Jayawijaya District of Papua in 2000 and 2001 showed that 5 of 58 local people (8.6%) harbored the adult tapeworm, Taenia solium, whereas 44 of 96 people (45.8%), 50 of 71 pigs (70.4%), and 7 of 64 local dogs (10.9%) were seropositive for T. solium cysticercosis. Current surveys in Bali and Samosir District, North Sumatra during 2002-2005 revealed that Taenia saginata taeniasis has increased in incidence whereas T. solium cysticercosis is now rather rare compared to one-two decades ago in Bali. Taenia asiatica taeniasis is still common in Samosir District. Data from other provinces of Indonesia are very limited or unavailable. Control of these diseases is not a priority in the health or veterinary services, neither at central or local government levels. However, limited efforts toward control of the diseases have been implemented such as training of health personnel, community education on disease prevention, and provision of anthelminthics. A working group for control of the disease in Indonesia and an international collaboration have been established among Ministry of Health, Indonesia; University of Indonesia; and Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan since 1996. Future goals include implementation of active case finding (active surveillance) and treatment of tapeworm carriers, sustainable public health education, establishment of a system to check the quality of beef/pork and determine the distribution of infected animals and strengthening of laboratory capacity. Efforts to motivate provinces and districts should be implemented in developing the strategic plan to control of the disease. Given the considerable differences in

  15. Smoke over Sumatra, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    At least once a year for a period lasting from a week to several months, northern Sumatra is obscured by smoke and haze produced by agricultural burning and forest fires. These data products from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer document the presence of airborne particulates on March 13, 2002, during Terra orbit 11880. On the left is an image acquired by MISR's 70-degree backward-viewing camera. On the right is a map of aerosol optical depth, a measure of the abundance of atmospheric particulates. This product utilized a test version of the MISR retrieval that incorporates an experimental set of aerosol mixtures. The haze has completely obscured northeastern Sumatra and part of the Strait of Malacca, which separates Sumatra and the Malaysian Peninsula. A northward gradient is apparent as the haze dissipates in the direction of the Malaysian landmass. Each panel covers an area of about 760 kilometers x 400 kilometers.Haze conditions had posed a health concern during late February (when schools in some parts of North Sumatra were closed), and worsened considerably in the first two weeks of March. By mid-March, local meteorology officials asked residents of North Sumatra's provincial capital, Medan, to minimize their outdoor activities and wear protective masks. Poor visibility at Medan airport forced a passenger plane to divert to Malaysia on March 14, and visibility reportedly ranged between 100 and 600 meters in some coastal towns southeast of Medan.The number and severity of this year's fires was exacerbated by dry weather conditions associated with the onset of a weak to moderate El Nino. The governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei have agreed to ban open burning in plantation and forest areas. The enforcement of such fire bans, however, has proven to be an extremely challenging task.MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by

  16. Energy policy review of Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-11-21

    The Republic of Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation and a developing economy in transition. It is now consolidating its democratic government and implementing governance and financial reforms. After the Asian financial crisis of 1997-99, Indonesia's economy has returned to a strong and stable 5-6% annual growth. Over recent decades, its resource wealth, openness to trade and investment, and a strategically favourable location in East Asia have made Indonesia a key global exporter of oil, gas, and coal. However, Indonesia now faces the serious challenge of fast-rising domestic energy demand with declining oil and gas production. The country's energy policy makers are looking closely at domestic energy requirements and best policies to meet these needs. This includes moving prices towards international parity, improving the energy sector investment climate, and developing electricity generation capacity. While some very difficult decisions have been made over recent years, many challenges remain. This study assesses the country's major energy issues. The study was conducted by a team of IEA member country specialists - an approach which has also been used for national and sectoral reviews of other non-IEA countries, including Angola, China, India, Russia, and Ukraine, as well as the Western Balkan region. The Review offers an analysis of Indonesia's energy sector, with findings and recommendations that draw on experience in IEA member countries. Six areas are suggested for priority attention, including progressive reduction in fuel and electricity subsidies, better implementation of policy, improving clarity of the investment framework, helping the energy regulators do their job more effectively, and harnessing a sustainable development agenda particularly renewable energy and energy efficiency.

  17. KOMPOSISI KIMIA MINYAK ATSIRI BUAH SIRIH HIJAU (PIPER BETLE L, KEMUKUS (PIPER CUBEBA L DAN CABE JAWA (PIPER RETROFRACTUM VAHL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Widyo Wartono

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tumbuhan genus Piper mempunyai kandungan minyak atsiri hampir disemua bagiannya, namun komposisi kimianya belum semua dilaporkan. Pada laporan ini kami melakukan isolasi dan identifikasi senyawa kimia minyak atsiri pada bagian buah tumbuhan Piper. Isolasi minyak atsiri buah Piper dilakukan dengan destilasi air menggunakan destilasi Stahl dan analisis komposisi kimia dengan kromatografi gas-spektroskopi masa (GC-MS. Kandungan minyak atsiri buah sirih hijau (Piper betle 1,4% (v/b, cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum 1% (v/b, dan buah kemukus (Piper cubeba 1,7% (v/b. Hasil analisis GC-MS menunjukan kandungan utama minyak atsiri adalah senyawa golongan monoterpen, seskuiterpen dan fenil propanoid. Kandungan utama minyak atsiri buah sirih hijau (P. betle adalah eugenol (12,36%, isokaryofillena (9,55% dan β-selinena (8,09%, sedangkan komponen utama buah cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum adalah isokaryofilen (8,88%, β-bisabolen (7,01% dan zingiberen (6,32%, dan minyak atsiri buah kemukus (Piper cubeba adalah spathulanol (27,05%, sativen (8,73% dan germakren D (7,50%.

  18. Taking Sides: The Frames of Online Media on the Bilateral Relationship Between Indonesia and Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gatut Priyowidodo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The relations between Indonesia and Malaysia are always full of dynamics. Indonesia is always known as old brother of Malaysia since it has similar history, religion also socio cultural background. Some decades show that the decline of relationship of both countries. Another time, as ASEAN members, the two countries devote their nationalities to purify their collective identities as Eastern nations. The objective of the research is to extricate the construction of Kompas online and Utusan online toward news coverage of the borders dispute between Indonesia- Malaysia in 2010. This research is proposed to examine central issues which reported by Kompas online and Utusan online consistently. As a media, Kompas coverage dominates circulation nationally. Kompas.com was the pioneer of online news in Indonesia and was born in reformation era. Utusan is a prominent media industry in Malaysia that was conducted by UMNO as the ruling party in Malaysia for some periods. The method used in this research is framing method by Robert N. Entman’s which consists of four steps identification: defining problem, diagnosing causes, moral judgment and a treatment recommendation. This research found that Kompas news covered the border dispute must be negotiated as recognition of Indonesia dignity. On the contrary, Utusan’s spectacle focused on the Indonesian demonstrators anarchism during the dispute. Keywords: Online Media, media construction, the border dispute, Indonesia-Malaysia’s Bilateral Relations

  19. POTENSI DAN TINGKAT PEMAFAATAN IKAN SEBAGAI DASAR PENGEMBANGAN SEKTOR PERIKANAN DI SELATAN JAWA TIMUR

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    Nurul Rosana

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Jawa Timur (Jatim adalah salah satu propinsi yang memiliki potensi sumberdaya perikanan laut yang terdiri dari ikan pelagis dan ikan demersal. Wilayah pengelolaan perikanan laut di Jawa Timur bagian selatan memiliki potensi yang sangat besar karena berhadapan langsung dengan samudera Hindia dan memiliki potensi ikan khususnya kelompok pelagis besar seperti tuna (Thunnus sp dan cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis. Untuk mengetahui informasi tentang potensi dan tingkat pemanfaatan perikanan laut di Jatim perlu dianalisis data yang ada, sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai acuan dalam mengembangkan sektor perikanan laut kedepannya dengan memperhatikan kelestarian sumberdayanya. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui potensi dan tingkat pemanfaatan ikan di wilayah Selatan Jatim. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey dengan analisa data menggunakan metode Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY. MSY atau potensi lestari ikan adalah besarnya jumlah stok ikan tertinggi yang yang dapat ditangkap secara terus menerus dari suatu sumberdaya tanpa mempengaruhi kelestarian stok ikan tersebut. Dengan menggunakan metode surplus produksi, potensi lestari ikan (MSY di wilayah Selatan Jatim periode 2009-2013 adalah sebesar 219.189,453 ton. Tingkat pemanfaatan ikan di perairan Selatan Jatim tahun 2009-2013 nilai rata-ratanya sebesar 49,48% yang berarti masih dibawah nilai jumlah tangkapan yang diperbolahkan (JTB sebesar 80%. Dari nilai tingkat pemanfaatan selama 5 (lima tahun tersebut dapat dikatakan perairan Selatan Jatim masih dalam kondisi underfishing karena tingkat pemanfaatannya masih dibawah nilai JTB (kurang dari 80%. Rata-rata nilai upaya penangkapan sebesar 577.764 trip dengan upaya optimum sebesar 523.437 trip, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa upaya optimum lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan nilai rata-rata upaya penangkapan selama 5 (lima tahun.Kata Kunci: CPUE, MSY, potensi, tingkat pemanfaatan, upaya UTILIZATION POTENTIAL AND LEVEL OF FISH AS A BASIS FOR

  20. HUBUNGAN IKAN PELAGIS DENGAN KONSENTRASI KLOROFIL-A DI LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamaluddin Kasim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Klorofil-a banyak ditemukan pada fitoplankton dan menjadi indikator kesuburan perairan. Keberadaan fitoplankton ditandai dengan kandungan klorofil-a yang tinggi dan diikuti oleh keberadaan zooplankton yang akhirnya mempengaruhi keberadaan organisme perairan lainnya seperti ikan pelagis kecil maupun ikan pelagis besar sebagai suatu rantai makanan. Interaksi antara konsentrasi klorofil-a terhadap keberadaan dan konsentrasi ikan pelagis di Laut Jawa belum banyak diketahui. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui hubungan interaksi antara klorofil-a terhadap konsentrasi ikan pelagis. Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan data runtun waktu hasil tangkapan beberapa jenis pelagis besar dan kecil yang didaratkan di PPI Pekalongan tahun 2007-2011 serta data runtun waktu konsentrasi klorofil-a dari perairan utara Jawa yang diperoleh dari informasi sekunder.Metode analisis korelasi linear sederhana (bivariate correlation digunakan untukmengetahui ada atau tidaknya pengaruh antar variabel klorofil-a dan konsentrasi ikan pelagis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ikan layang (Decapterus russelli paling nyata mendapat pengaruh dari konsentrasi klorofil-a (P<0,05 dan berkorelasi positif terhadap konsentrasi klorofil-a dengan nilai koefisien korelasi ( r sebesar 0,56, sedangkan ikan pelagis lainnya berkorelasi negatif. Ikan tongkol (Euthynnus affinis posisinya menempati rantai makanan paling tinggi sebagai pemangsa, mempunyai korelasi positif (r = 0,5 terhadap Rastrelliger kanagurta dan r = 0,56 terhadap Amblygaster sirm. Chlorophyll-a is a light-absorbing pigment that can be found in photosynthetic organisms such as algae and phytoplankton. The evidence of phytoplankton that indicated by high contents of chlorophyll-a may followed the evidence of zooplankton and other micro aquatic organism as a food chain component. An overview of interrelationships between chlorophyll-a and pelagic fishes in the waters around Java Sea have not much

  1. STRATEGI BERSAING PADA RANTAI NILAI AYAM RAS PEDAGING PT CIOMAS ADISATWA REGION JAWA BARAT UNIT BOGOR

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    Muhammad Hasan Tanjung

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objective of this research were to 1 map the broiler value chain at PT Ciomas Adisatwa Region Jawa Barat Unit Bogor (PTCA; 2 analyze the gross margin of the broiler value chain at PTCA; 3 identify the internal and external factors that affecting PTCA, and 4 formulate strategies to increase the competitiveness of PTCA. This research was conducted using the chain value analysis, the gross margin analysis, SWOT and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP analysis. From value chain mapping, PTCA as a part of Japfa group get feed, DOC, and vaccine from Japfacomfeed, Multibreeder Adirama, and Vaksindo, and then distribute them to the plasma farms. The Commercial Farm output will be distributed by RPA and collectors as living birds. Collectors will then send them to traditional markets while RPA will distribute them to supermarkets, restaurants and traditional markets. The distribution channels grouped into 3 paths, input-PTCA-kolektor-RPA-distributor-consumers, input-PTCA-RPA-distributor-consumers, and input-PTCA-kolektor-distributor-consumers. Gross margin analysis found that PTCA got 5% with the value of 55% share, the collectors got 12% with the value of 10% share, RPA 14% with the value of 17% share and distributor 13% with the value of 17% share. The Farmers got smallest margin and RPA got the biggest margin from value chain at PTCA. According to the AHP calculation, the farm human resources, increasing purchasing power, new technology in the breeding management and the support from group got higher valuation. What can be suggested based on the Result of this research is for the actors that were involved in PTCA value chain to produce, process, run functional task, and upgrade the channel.Keywords: AHP, broiler, gross margin, PT Ciomas Adisatwa, swot analysis, value chainABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah 1 memetakan rantai nilai ayam ras pedaging pada PT Ciomas Adisatwa Region Jawa Barat Satuan Bogor (PTCA, 2 menganalisis gross margin pada

  2. DISTRIBUSI ANGGARAN YANG TIDAK MERATA SEBAGAI SALAH SATU PENYEBAB KEMISKINAN DI JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heni Rohaeni

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Poverty is a chore that must be immediately addressed so that the effects of poverty does not cause problems increasingly complex again. Lots of programs or policies that were created by the government to tackle problems of poverty, but only government that has a mature concept and is supported by major funding sources that would be able to solve the problem of poverty. Besides poverty can be overcome by the uneven distribution of the budget based on the priorities Scale to do and put forward in doing development that can reduce poverty. to narrow the focus area of research the author of this study only look at poverty in Jawa Barat province alone in particular based on survey data BPS period of 2012. The method used in this research is the method of research policy (Policy Research. This policy research method begins because of the problems, and these problems are generally owned by the administrators / managers or decision makers in an organization. Results from this study can be seen that the factors causing poverty were a lot apart from cultural diversity contribute the causes of poverty in addition, the government also plays a role in widening poverty one of the causes is the distribution of budget allocations that are less targeted or in this case the distribution is not This uniform will also cause poverty. Therefore demanded transparency in the distribution of budget allocations in addition to the need for a scale of priorities which areas should receive funds larger budget than the other areas this is determined by the level of importance of programs to be carried.   Keyword : Distribution Of budget Alocation, Proverty   Abstrak - Kemiskinan merupakan pekerjaan rumah yang harus segara ditanggulangi supaya efek kemiskinan ini tidak menimbulkan masalah yang makin komplek lagi. Banyak sekali program atau kebijakan yang diciptakan oleh pemerintah guna menanggulangi permasalah kemiskinan, namun hanya pemerintahan yang memiliki

  3. STUDI POTENSI ENERGI GEOTHERMAL BLAWAN- IJEN, JAWA TIMUR BERDASARKAN METODE GRAVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raehanayati Raehanayati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan studi awal untuk menentukan daerah yang memiliki potensi   panasbumi   berdasarkan   pengukuran   gayaberat   di   Blawan-Ijen,   Jawa   Timur. Pengukuran data primer dilakukan dengan menggunakan Gravitimeter LaCoste & Romberg tipe G-1053. Data anomali Bouger dari hasil perhitungan koreksi-koreksi metode gayaberat kemudian dibawa ke bidang datar selanjutnya dilakukan pemisahan anomali regional dan anomali sisa dengan menggunakan metode kontinuasi ke  atas. Hasil interpretasi terhadap anomali sisa yang dilakukan pada tiga penampang adalah penampang A-A’ nilai densitasnya yaitu: ρ1=2.58 gr/cm3, ρ2=2.80 gr/cm3 , ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3, dan ρ4=2.69 gr/cm3, sedangkan untuk penampang B-B’ nilai densitasnya adalah ρ1=2.58 gr/cm3, ρ2=2.82 gr/cm3, ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3, dan untuk penampang C-C’  nilai  densitasnya yaitu  ρ1=2.585 gr/cm3,  ρ2=2.82 gr/cm3,  ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3 dan ρ4=2.684 gr/cm3. Dari hasil pemodelan 2D dan 3D dapat terlihat bahwa pada daerah yang memiliki manifestasi air panas didominasi oleh batuan ρ1 karena memiliki nilai densitas paling rendah yang berada pada daerah Blawan. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa reservoir panasbumi  daerah  Blawan-Ijen  didominasi  oleh  batuan  yang  memiliki  porositas  tinggi (densitas rendah dan tingkat permeabilitasnya tinggi dengan jumlah volume sebesar 101.20 juta m3.

  4. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW IN INDONESIA AFTER 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Selvie Sinaga

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the major changes of intellectual property condition in Indonesia after 2001. In that year, Indonesia, which has become a member of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS since 1994, was ready to meet its commitment under TRIPS. To do so, Indonesiahas made changes in the areas of legislation, administration, court proceedings, and law enforcement. The paper also discusses problematic issues surrounded the implementation of such changes in Indonesia. Tulisan ini melihat kembali perubahan-perubahan besar dalam bidang hak kekayaan intelektual di Indonesia setelah tahun 2001. Pada tahun tersebut, Indonesia, yang telah menjadi anggota Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS sejak 1994, siap untuk memenuhi komitmennya dalam TRIPS. Untuk memenuhi komitmen tersebut, Indonesia telah membuat perubahan-perubahan dalam bidang legislatif, administratif, tata cara pengadilan dan penegakan hukum. Tulisan ini juga membahas permasalahan di seputar pelaksanaan perubahan-perubahan tersebut.

  5. M-Commerce In Indonesia: Problems & Prospects

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    Suyoto Indonesia

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a preliminary observation of the latest m-Commerce problems and prospects in Indonesia. Every year the Indonesian mobile market has grown, from 175.1 million subscribers in 2009 to 222.7 million in 2010 and then to more than 240 million subscribers by 2011. However, the fact is that the m-Commerce adoption in Indonesia has still been low and slow. Mobile commerce or commonly abbreviated as m-Commerce is still considered as something new in Indonesia. The purposes of this paper are to describe the m-Commerce development trends in Indonesia, to identify problems faced by Indonesia, to identify its prospects in Indonesia, and to propose alternative solutions to the problems that have been identified. This paper attempts to help business managers to understand the problems of m-Commerce and to be capitalize on the advantages of m-Commerce.

  6. Area Handbook Series: Indonesia: A Country Study,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-01

    1719-26) as king, and further concessions were made to the VOC. 19 SI- n ll l l llfl Indonesia : A Country Study The Third Javanese War of Succession...economic prosperity (anti-Chinese sentiment was a major appeal), the organization also drew on traditional Javanese 35 Indonesia : A Country Study...popu- lation spoke the language at home. In Javanese areas, only 1 to 5 percent of the people spoke Bahasa Indonesia in the home. Na- tionwide

  7. Perlakuan Akuntansi Karbon di Indonesia

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    Monika Meliana Taurisianti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to understand the implementation of accounting for carbon, about how it can be measured, recognized, recorded, presentedand disclosed based on Pernyataan Standar Akuntansi (PSAK 19, 23, 32 and 57, also the impact toward the financial ratios. The object of this study is the financial statements of an integrated timber company in Indonesia. This study has analyzed the enables account to be used to record accounting for carbon, also analyzed the impact of implementation of accounting for carbon toward the financial ratios. The results of this study are support the previous study, which intangible asset can be recognized based on PSAK 19, whereas asset and contingent liabilities can be recognized based on PSAK 57. This study also fit out the previous study, which a company can recognize its expense and other income based on PSAK 19, 23 and 32 as a basis for forestry accounting in Indonesia.

  8. Karakteristik morfologi teritip spons Indonesia

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    Sulistiono

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian teritip spons Indonesia jarang dilakukan sejak kelompok ini pertama kali dideskripsikan hingga saat ini. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji karakter morfologi teritip spons Indonesia dan untuk mengkaji hubungan spesies spesifik teritip terhadap spons. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini dilaksanakan sejak Oktober sampai Desember 2012 di tiga lokasi yaitu Pulau Weh, Kepulauan Seribu, dan Kepulauan Karimunjawa. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode survei dan titik pengambilan sampel dipilih berdasarkan keberadaan spons. Sampel diamati menggunakan mikroskop stereo dan mikroskop elektron kemudian diidentifikasi berdasarkan deskripsi Darwin (1854, Pilsbry (1916, Martin dan Davis (2001, dan Kolbasov (1993. Hasil penelitian didapatkan empat spesies teritip spons yaitu Acasta cyathus, A. fenestrata, Euacasta dofleini, dan Membranobalanus longirostrum. Terdapat hubungan spesies spesifik antara teritip dan spons inang yaitu antara teritip E. dofleini dan spons Haliclona sp. dan antara teritip M. longirostrum dan spons Suberites sp.

  9. KERAGAAN KOPI PASAR DOMESTIK INDONESIA

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    Taufani Sagita

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Coffee has been becoming one of priority commodity of Indonesia since this country also as one of main producer in the world. However, Indonesia got hardly in maintaining world position due to increasing of production and capacity of other country such as in Vietnam and Brazil. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize situation of demand and supply for coffee commodity in domestic scope to understand further the bargaining position level. Various variable such as production, productivity,demand, supply, domestic price, export and import of coffe are considered to be performance variables for domestic market. This research used SAS (Statistical Analysis System tool by using times series data. The result of the analysis shown that the performance of Indonesian coffee trading is affected by the supply, demand and price of Indonesian coffee.

  10. CESTODES IN MAN IN INDONESIA

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    Sri S. Margono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cestodes are found endemic in certain areas of Indonesia. The most common cestodes found are Taenia saginata and Taenia solium. Eggs of Taenia are found in stool samples during surveys in Irian Jaya (2-9 %, Nusa Tenggara Timur (7 %, Bali and resettlement areas of people from Bali (0,4 - 3,3%. Interviews, with questions concerning expelled segments, recovered a prevalence of 9,5 % in inhabitants of the island of Samosir (North Sumatra and 2 % in the people of 6 villages in Abiansemal (Bali. Cases are also reported from Jakarta. Hymenolepis nana (0,2 -1% and Hymenolepis diminuta (0,4 % are rarely found in surveys. A case of hyperinfection with H. nana has been reported in Jakarta in 1968. Occasionally there are reports of infections with Dipylidium caninum, Raillietina madagascariensis, Bertiella studeri and sparganum. Report on treatment of taeniasis in Indonesia mentioned the use of atabrine, mebendazole, bithionol and praziquantel with different results.

  11. INDONESIA: FROM PLURALISM TO MULTICULTURALISM

    OpenAIRE

    Wasino Wasino

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia was not a new entity when started to become national country. It was called a continuation of the history of the Dutch East Indies. The people lived under western colonial was a pluralistic society, people separated by social class, ethnicity, religion, race and inter-group. Between the authorities and the people separated along racial lines. In addition there was the separation of ethnic groups associated with the economic, educational and social relations. After Indonesian indepen...

  12. Transmigration and accumulation in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Sáinz, Juan Pablo

    1980-01-01

    ILO pub-wep pub. Working paper tracing the evolution of migration policy involving state intervention to reduce problems of overpopulation and employment in Indonesia - describes historical internal migration from java and bali to the outer islands during colonialism and after to up 1979, and argues that migration policy based on exploitation of surplus labour supply for reasons of capitalism has ended in failure. References and statistical tables.

  13. PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH IKAN SIDAT INDONESIA (Anguilla bicolor SEBAGAI TEPUNG PADA INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DI PALABUHANRATU, KABUPATEN SUKABUMI

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    RA Hangesti Emi Widyasari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis research aims to analyze the nutritive value of flour head, liver powder and bone meal as by product of Indonesian eel (Anguilla bicolor processing. Eel waste flour was made by using a thermal process in the drum dryer fish flouring mill PT. Carmelitha Lestari in Bogor, whereas proximate analysis for chemical tests were performed in the laboratory of Integrated Chemical Laboratory, IPB and direct observation was conducted in PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Sukabumi district in October 2012—April 2013. The nutritive value based on proximate analysis showed that head flour, liver flour, and bone flour contained protein 61.78%, 53.92%, and 41.01%; fat 15.55%, 27.28%, 13.07%; carbohydrate 11.48%; 14.96%, 8.13%; water 5.44%, 8.48%, 3.01%; ash 12.95%, 3.62%, 37.49%, and crude fiber 1.33%, 0.04%, 1.11%, respectively.Keywords: Anguilla bicolor, bone flour, head flour, liver flour, nutritive valueABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kandungan gizi tepung kepala, tepung tulang dan tepung hati ikan yang merupakan limbah pengolahan ikan sidat Indonesia (Anguilla bicolor. Tepung limbah ikan sidat dibuat berdasarkan proses termal menggunakan drum dryer di pabrik penepungan ikan PT. Carmelitha Lestari di Bogor dan analisis proksimat untuk uji kimiawi dilakukan di Laboratorium Kimia Terpadu, IPB serta observasi langsung di PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Kabupaten Sukabumi pada bulan Oktober 2012—April 2013. Hasil analisis proksimat tepung kepala, tepung hati dan tepung tulang mengandung protein berturut-turut sebesar 61.78%, 53.92%, dan 41.01%; lemak sebesar 15.55%; 27.28%; 13.07%, karbohidrat sebesar 11.48%; 14.96%; 8.13%, kadar air sebesar 5.44%; 8.48%; 3.01%, kadar abu 12.95%; 3.62%; 37.49% dan serat kasar 1.33%; 0.04%; 1.11%.Kata kunci: Anguilla bicolor, nilai gizi, tepung hati, tepung kepala, tepung tulang

  14. Sister Lab Program Prospective Partner Nuclear Profile: Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bissani, M; Tyson, S

    2006-12-14

    Indonesia has participated in cooperative technical programs with the IAEA since 1957, and has cooperated with regional partners in all of the traditional areas where nuclear science is employed: in medicine, public health (such as insect control and eradication programs), agriculture (e.g. development of improved varieties of rice), and the gas and oil industries. Recently, Indonesia has contributed significantly to the Reduced Enrichment Research and Training Reactor (RERTR) Program by conducting experiments to confirm the feasibility of Mo-99 production using high-density low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, a primary goal of the RERTR Program. Indonesia's first research reactor, the TRIGA Mark II at Bandung, began operation in 1964 at 250 kW and was subsequently upgraded in 1971 to 1 MW and further upgraded in 2000 to 2 MW. This reactor was joined by another TRIGA Mark II, the 100-kW Kartini-PPNY at Yogyakarta, in 1979, and by the 30-MW G.A. Siwabessy multipurpose reactor in Serpong, which achieved criticality in July 1983. A 10-MW radioisotope production reactor, to be called the RPI-10, also was proposed for construction at Serpong in the late 1990s, but the project apparently was not carried out. In the five decades since its nuclear research program began, Indonesia has trained a cadre of scientific and technical staff who not only operate and conduct research with the current facilities, but also represent the nucleus of a skilled labor pool to support development of a nuclear power program. Although Indonesia's previous on-again, off-again consideration of nuclear power has not gotten very far in the past, it now appears that Indonesia again is giving serious consideration to beginning a national nuclear energy program. In June 2006, Research and Technology Minister Kusmayanto Kadiman said that his ministry was currently putting the necessary procedures in place to speed up the project to acquire a nuclear power plant, indicating that, &apos

  15. Rethinking Language Education in Indonesia

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    Maslihatul Umami Umami

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Language education in Indonesia may be discussed by over viewing the nature of the three language categories in the country: Indonesian language, indigenous languages, and foreign languages. From the picture of how the three groups of languages work and function, the problem raised in this paper is based on two fundamental assumptions. Language education in this multilingual and multicultural country is not done on the context of literacy, on the one hand, and it is not yet considered important in comparison with that of the subjects related to basic science and technology, on the other. After reviewing a number of models of bilingual education and comparing them with what has been done in Indonesia, a preferred model will be offered. Finally, it will also be suggested that language education in Indonesia should be associated with literacy development in a wider sense. Furthermore, meanwhile language education should be given an adequate room; language teaching should be based on the functional use of the existing languages in the country and should be done in tandem with the teaching of content since content is delivered through the medium of language.

  16. Calling in wild silvery gibbons (Hylobates moloch) in Java (Indonesia): Behavior, phylogeny, and conservation.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geissmann, T.; Nijman, V.

    2006-01-01

    Hardly any behavioral data are available for the silvery gibbon (Hylobates moloch), an endangered primate that is endemic to the island of Java, Indonesia. We studied the singing behavior of the easternmost population of this species in the Dieng mountains, central Java, in 1998-1999. We aimed to do

  17. Variation in photosynthetic light-use efficiency in a mountainous tropical rain forest in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibrom, Andreas; Oltchev, A.; June, T.

    2008-01-01

    in remote tropical areas. We used a 16-month continuous CO2 flux and meteorological dataset from a mountainous tropical rain forest in central Sulawesi, Indonesia to derive values of epsilon(Pg). and to investigate the relationship between P-g and Q(abs). Absorption was estimated with a 1D SVAT model from...

  18. FY 2000 international exchange project on exchanges of engineers - Coal mine technology field. Overseas workshop (Indonesia); 2000 nendo gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) kokusai koryu jigyo. Kaigai workshop (Indonesia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of making effective technology exchanges and surveying levels of technology in Indonesia and the needs and possibilities of technology transfer from Japan, workshop was held in Jakarta city on March 1, 2001. Subjects were the following seven: subjects on coal resource and technical strategy in the 21st century, challenge in coal development in Indonesia, geological structure survey at Tanjung Enim coal mine, waste water treatment in Indonesia, outlook for underground mining coal mines, joint research on the centralized monitoring system, and introduction of the optimum high wall coal mining system into open pit mining coal mines in Indonesia. The coal production amount in Indonesia was 75 million tons, and the domestic demand was 22 million tons. Japan imported 14 million tons from Indonesia. In coal mines in Indonesia, most of the coal preparation plants have no waste water treatment facilities. Considering that waste water treatment facilities are necessary for the plants in future, the joint research was made on the simple coal preparation waste water treatment system. (NEDO)

  19. VECTORS OF MALARIA AND FILARIASIS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoedojo Hoedojo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Malaria at present is still one of the important mosquito-borne diseases in Indonesia. The disease is widespread all over the country and involves nearly all islands. Sixteen Anopheles species have been reconfirmed as malaria vectors. They were distributed geographi­cally as follows: Coastal areas and lagoons ------------------------------------- An sundaicus and An.subpictus Cultivated ricefields and swampy areas -------------------- An.aconitus, An.barbirostris, An.nigerrimus and An.sinensis Forest inland areas in shaded temporary pools, muddy animal wallows and hoof-prints -------------------------------------------------------- An.balabacensis, An.bancrofti, An.farauti, An.koliensis and An.punctulatus Swamp forest edge in ditches with vegeta- ---------------- An.letifer and An.ludlowae don Hilly areas in seepages, streams and clear moving water ---------------------------------------------- Anflavirostris, An.maculatus and Anminimus.   The species (of most general importance is An.sundaicus, which is restricted by its preference for brackish water and is prevalent in coastal areas of Java. Their types in behaviour of An.sundaicus appear as follows : 1. An.sundaicus in South Coast of Java in general. This species is essentially anthropophilic, exophagic and rests outdoor. It shows susceptible to DDT. 2. An.sundaicus in Cilacap, Central Java. This mosquito is a pure anthropophilic form. It bites man in houses and outdoors, rests indoors and is known resistant to DDT. 3. An.sundaicus in Yogyakarta and Purworejo, Central Java. This mosquito is a strong zoophilic species. It rests and prefers to bite outdoors and shows tolerance to DDT. Human filariasis in Indonesia is the result of infection by three endemic species, namely, Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori.W.bancrofti infection is found in both urban and rural areas. Twenty species of mosquitoes are confirmed as filariasis vectors. The urban type bancroftian filariasis

  20. Presa de Djatiluhur, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coyne, A.

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available This dam is located in Java, close to Djakarta, on the Tjitarum river. The dam consists of a stone dyke and an internal watertight screen, of suitably chosen and compacted soil. The width of the dyke at the base is 600 m, and the dam rises 100 m above its foundations. The reservoir that will be formed will hold 3,000 X 106 m3 of water, at 107 m height. A special feature of this project is that the power station and spillway are related to a concrete cylindrical body, of 90 m diameter and 110 m height. At the top of this is the surface spillway, and on the outside are the water intakes for each of the 6 generator groups located along the inner bottom rim of the concrete cylinder.Se halla situada en la isla de Java, próxima a Djakarta y sobre el río Tjitarum. La presa de cierre está constituida por un dique de piedra y una pantal la interior, de impermeabilización, formada con tierras convenientemente seleccionadas y compactadas. El espesor del dique en su base es de 600 m, y tiene una altura respecto a cimientos de 100 m. Este dique crea un embalse de 3.000 x 166 m3 con un nivel de agua a la cota 107 metros. La particularidad de esta obra consiste en disponer la central y el aliviadero en un cuerpo cilíndrico de hormigón, de 90 m de diámetro exterior y 110 m de altura, en cuya parte superior están el aliviadero de superficie, y en el exterior se hallan las tomas de agua para cada uno de los 6 grupos instalados y la central en un anillo circular inferior.

  1. INDONESIA: FROM PLURALISM TO MULTICULTURALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasino Wasino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia was not a new entity when started to become national country. It was called a continuation of the history of the Dutch East Indies. The people lived under western colonial was a pluralistic society, people separated by social class, ethnicity, religion, race and inter-group. Between the authorities and the people separated along racial lines. In addition there was the separation of ethnic groups associated with the economic, educational and social relations. After Indonesian independence the pluralistic society situation continues. The end of the New Order has opened a Pandora's Box of poor relations between ethnic and inter-religious. As a result many conflicts occurred based on religious and ethnic differences. The conflict heated up as the influx of political interests. The process of political reform gave birth to a new awareness of the relationship between ethnicity and religion. The starting point of this change was when the President Abdurrahman Wahid unlocked barriers on multicultural relationship that respects the differences of cultural orientation among the existing ethnic. From that moment the concept of multiculturalism experienced socialization process within Indonesian society. Key words: pluralism, multiculturalism, colonial, new order, socialization Ketika Indonesia lahir sebagai negara nasional, Indonesia bukanlah  entitas yang baru. Ia merupakan kelanjutan  sejarah dari masyarakat yang disebut Hindia Belanda. Masyarakat di bawah penjajah Barat ini merupakan masyarakat majemuk, masyarakat yang terpisah-pisah berdasarkan kelas sosial, suku, agama, ras, dan antar golongan. Antara penguasa dan rakyat terpisah secara garis rasial. Selain itu ada pe-misahan suku bangsa terkait dengan ekonomi, pendidikan, dan hubungan-hubungan sosial. Setelah Indonesia merdeka situasi masyarakat majemuk terus berlangsung. Berakhirnya Orde Baru telah membuka kotak pandora  buruknya hubungan antar etnik dan antar agama. Akibatnya

  2. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Oscario

    2013-09-01

    a double-edged sword. Advertising can become a mirror of reality, but it can also become a distorted mirror of reality. A similar case happens with Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, which was released early in 2012 by the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. The television commercial is considered to have distorted the image of Indonesia in the world by displaying only the culture, society, and nature of Java and Bali. Meanwhile, the other Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, Feeling is Believing, which was launched by Indonesia Tourism Board in 2012 considered to have become quite successful framing the beauty, and diversity of the cultures, communities, regions, and natures of Indonesia. Learning from the mistakes, and considering the importance of an image, the future Wonderful Indonesia television commercial should be dealt more carefully. The image that is proper to represent Indonesia, the visual signifier should reflect the intended signified precisely.

  3. Indonesia`s turmoil and its coal industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, G. [Swabara Mining and Energy Group (Indonesia)

    1998-12-31

    Indonesia is facing extremely difficult economic conditions for the foreseeable future with the current monetary crisis stripping the preceding fifteen years of solid growth. It has fallen from recession into depression with very few positive signs of recovery before 2003. In this environment, however, the Indonesian coal industry remains with positive growth potential, both for domestic supply and export. Additional coal will be required by the Indonesian electricity industry in 1999 and 2000 - PLN, operational IPPs and captive power. The gradual withdrawal of subsidies will increase the cost of oil-fired generation and increase the attractiveness of off-taking coal-fired capacity. The domestic coal market historically has represented only 20.00% of Indonesian coal production and this will continue. The concerns of overseas consumers that exports of Indonesian coal could be limited by huge growth in domestic demand should be allayed with strong tonnage growth potential of competitive export coal becoming available from Indonesia. This will continue to service industries in Asian nations less affected by the regional economic downturn as it is considered that demand for thermal coal will continue to increase albeit at a slower rate than previously envisaged. Competition for supply will increase and prices will remain at low levels over the next year. It is appropriate to reiterate the critical importance of productivity improvements, cost control and operational efficiencies to Indonesia. The coal industry is in the fortunate position of being in a viable growth industry during a period where the country`s economy is suffering and the poverty of the people is increasing. The nation must maintain a profitable world-class coal industry to participate positively towards social and economic recovery. 4 tabs.

  4. Telecommunications and National Goals in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flournoy, Don M.

    This discussion of the cultural aspects of mass media in Indonesia covers the following topics: (1) PALAPA, the Indonesian communications satellite; (2) cultural, demographic, and economic characteristics of Indonesia; (3) television policies and programming; (4) the number of government- and privately-owned radio stations; (5) a longitudinal…

  5. Culture Project: Imaginary Travel to Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornhill, Harold, Jr.

    When U.S. citizens travel to Indonesia, it is hard for the majority of them to understand the country's culture and people. This project outlines some of the major fallacies individuals have when in Indonesia, and how they can avoid them by studying ahead of time. The project begins by requiring the individuals to plan their trip properly, know…

  6. Special Education in Indonesia (Scope and Development).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semiawan, Conny

    The paper covers characteristics of Indonesia's special education program. Considered are the scope of special education, some viewpoints on the impact of culture on the perspective of special education in Indonesia (including programs, services, teacher training, and financial resources). The scope of special education is considered; and some…

  7. Report on Fulbright Summer Seminar on Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christenson, Charles Elroy

    This resource packet was compiled by a participant in the Fulbright Summer Seminar on Indonesia. The materials provide information for teaching about the diaspora of Hinduism and Islamic beliefs throughout the southeast Asia archipelagoes and their influence on art and culture. The handouts supplement information on Indonesia as part of an Asian…

  8. I LOVE CHINA,I LOVE INDONESIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ In July 1940,JACKSON Sze Mau Leung(here-in-after called Jackson Leung)was born in an oversea Chinese family in WestJava,Indonesia.During 18 to 24 April 1955,the world famous Asian-African Conference was held in Bandung,Indonesia.

  9. Penelitian Perilaku Pengguna Internet Pada Desa Pinter Hasil Pembangunan USO dengan Pendekatan Technology Acceptance Model (TAM di Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasni Julita Siahaan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Fasilitas internet yang dibangun dengan proyek USO adalah suatu teknologi baru yang dapat menimbulkan reaksi pada penggunanya, baik reaksi menerima maupun reaksi menolak. Oleh karena itu, perlu diketahui model penerimaan teknologi tersebut serta factor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap penerimaanya. Salah satu model penerimaan pemakai terhadap teknologi yang paling sesuai sampai sekarang adalah technology acceptance model (TAM yang dikemukakan oleh Davis dan Khosrow-Pour (2006: 209. Bagaimana kecocokan model TAM dalam menilai penerimaan pengguna terhadap fasilitas internet tersebut dianalisis dengan structural equation modeling (SEM. Pendekatan dalam penelitian ini adalan kuantitatif dengan melakukan survey kepada masyarakat di sekitar lokasi pembangunan proyek USO di Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model TAM dapat digunakan menilai perilaku masyarakat di sekitar lokasi pembangunan proyek USO dalam menerima dan memanfaatkan fasilitas Internet.

  10. Kontribusi Higiene Mulut terhadap Timbulnya Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG (Survei Epidemiologi di Kecamatan Pacet Kabupaten Cianjur Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Mirna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This analytical epidemiological survey was aimed to investigate the correlation between oral hygiene and the onset of an infectious, necrotic, ulcerative disease called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG. The study involved 319 elementary school children consisting of 163 (52% male and 156 (48% female pupils from Kecamatan Pacet, Cianjur, WestJawa. Samples were chosen by stratified simple random sampling. The obtained data were analyzed with Bivariant Test (Chi2Ttest, and the results showed a quite high prevalence of ANUG, aboout 15.3% in total and consisting 9% male and 6.3% female subjects. The correlation between oral hygiene and the onset of ANUG was found to be significant (p<0.05. It was concluded that oral hygiene has an important contribution to the onset of ANUG.

  11. OPTIMASI JUMLAH RUMPON, UNIT ARMADA DAN MUSIM PENANGKAPAN PERIKANAN TUNA DI PERAIRAN PRIGI, JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erfind Nurdin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai alat bantu penangkapan ikan, rumpon berfungsi untuk menarik kelompok ikan agar berkumpul di sekitarnya. Dalam jangka pendek rumpon dapat meningkatkan produksi hasil tangkapan, efisiensi dan efektivitas operasi penangkapan ikan. Namun rumpon juga dapat berdampak negatif terhadap keberlajutan stok sumberdaya. Penelitian ini dilakukan di PPN Prigi, Jawa Timur, dengan tujuan untuk mengkaji status pemanfaatan perikanan tuna, optimasi jumlah unit armada dan rumpon serta musim penangkapan ikan.  Beberapa analisis yang digunakan antara lain linear goal programming (LGP, fishing power indeks (FPI, catch per unit of effort (CPUE, maximum sustainable yield (MSY, dan untuk mengetahui pola musim tangkap menggunakan Metode Persentase Rata-rata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat indikasi pemanfaatan perikanan tuna yang berlebih pada tingkat pengupayaan yang melampaui batas maksimum (MSY = 2334,9 ton/tahun.  Jumlah optimum untuk armada jaring insang sebanyak 43 unit, pancing tonda 63 unit dan rumpon 33 unit pada luasan area penelitian 8.940 km². Musim tangkap berlangsung pada Bulan Juni sampai Desember dengan puncak musim di bulan Juli.    Fish Aggregating Device (FADs has a function to attract and aggregate fish schooling. In short term, the advantage of FADs used is to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of fishing operations and the fish caught by the fishers; however FADs might also result a negative impact on the sustainability of fish stock.This study was conducted in fishing area of Prigi National Fishing Port, East Java. The objective of this study is to investigate the tuna fisheries status, optimization number of fishing units and number of FADs. Some analysis methods applied in this study were linear goal programming (LGP, fishing power index (FPI, catch per unit of effort (CPUE, maximum sustainable yield (MSY, and analysis of fishing season using the Average Percentage Methods. The results showed that the tuna fisheries in

  12. POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN, KEBIASAAN MAKAN, DAN DENSITAS GIZI PADA MASYARAKAT KASEPUHAN CIPTAGELAR JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Dwi Jayati

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine food consumption patterns, eating habits, and its effect on the density of nutrient intake in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar a traditional village community in West Java. Cross–sectional design was implied for this study. A total of 65 eligible households participated in the study. Household’s food consumption data which were used to calculate nutrient density score and density of nutrient intake were collected using 24-hour recall. Nutrient density scores were calculated by using Nutrient Rich Food Index 9.3 to compare nutrient intake of food with Daily Value based on FAO standards. Stepwise linear regression analysis showed that socio-economic factors most affecting iron density was age of husband. Meanwhile, food habits factor significantly affecting protein density was meal frequency. Food preference significantly affected on calcium density. Other socio-economic factors including family size, household income, and the amount of rice in rice barn; and socio-cultural factors of food taboos have no significant effect on density of nutrient intake. Nutrient intake from more variety foods should be increased to fulfill nutrient adequacy of individuals, especially girl adolescent and pregnant mothers who observed food taboos in this community.Keywords: density of nutrient intake, nutrient density, traditional communityABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan dan kebiasaan makan serta pengaruhnya terhadap densitas asupan zat gizi pada masyarakat Kasepuhan Ciptagelar di Jawa Barat. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional dengan total subjek sebanyak 65 rumah tangga. Skor densitas zat gizi pangan dihitung menggunakan metode Nutrient Rich Food Index 9.3. Analisis menggunakan regresi linear menunjukkan bahwa variabel umur suami berpengaruh terhadap densitas asupan zat besi rumah tangga. Salah satu variabel kebiasaan makan yaitu frekuensi makan rumah tangga berpengaruh

  13. Waduk Parangjoho dan Songputri: Alternatif Sumber Erupsi Formasi Semilir di daerah Eromoko, Kabupaten Wonogiri, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no2.20091The Semilir Formation was typically originated from products of a very explosive volcanic activity, i.e. breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs containing abundant pumice. It has a light grey to white colour and high silica andesite to dacite in composition, mainly rich in volcanic glass and quartz. Sedimentary structures of these volcanic rocks are massive, grading, planar bedding, and cross-bedding to antidunes, with grain size varies from ash (≤ 2 mm to lapilli (2 – 64 mm to bomb and block (> 64 mm. The formation is widely distributed from the west side (Pleret and Piyungan areas, Bantul Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta until Eromoko area in the east (Wonogiri Regency, Jawa Tengah Province. Stratigraphically, the Semilir Formation underlies the Nglanggeran Formation, and overlies the Mandalika Formation in the eastern part and Kebo-Butak Formation in the western part. Geomorphological- and lithological analyses of the Semilir Formation in areas of Parangjoho and Song- putri Dams, Eromoko Sub-regency, Wonogiri Regency indicate that the two depressions were alternatively volcanic sources of the Semilir Formation in the Eromoko area. This is proved by the presence of co-ignimbrite breccias(co-ignimbrite lag fall deposits, that descriptively they are polymict breccias. This rock is characterized by a mixing of pumice and various hard rock fragments that primarily are juvenile materials (volcanic blocks, bombs, accessory-, and accidental rock fragments set in pumice-rich volcanic ash and lapilli sizes. The accessory materials came from older volcanic rocks, whereas the accidental ones were originated from basement rocks. During a caldera forming event or a destruction period of an older composite volcanic cone(s, all older rocks resting above the magma chamber were ejected to the surface by a very high magmatic pressure. Since they were heavier than the juvenile material, most accessory and

  14. ADAPTASI PERIKANAN PUKAT CINCIN DI LAUT JAWA DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PENGELOLAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suherman Banon Atmaja

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Usaha perikanan akan mengalami fluktuasi terkait dengan dinamika faktor alam, sedangkan nelayan mempunyai kemampuan yang lentur dan adaptif dalam kelangsungan usahanya. Tujuan utama makalah ini adalah membahas tentang kemampuan adaptasi perikanan purse seine untuk bertahan dari usaha perikanan tangkap. Pemetaan rekaman data sistem pemantauan kapal (VMS purse seine pelagis kecil tahun 2012 dilakukan berdasarkan kriteria kecepatan kapal nol adalah waktu melakukan aktifitas penangkapan. Daerah penangkapan perikanan pukat cincin pada saat ini telah menyebar semakin luas, tidak terbatas di wilayah teritorial dan perairan nusantara, tetapi sudah sampai ke wilayah Samudera (ZEEI. Jumlah hari laut pada perikanan cantrang kurang dari sebulan memperoleh rata – rata pendapatan nelayan ABK hampir dua kali lipat dari pada ABK pukat cincin yang beroperasi lebih dari sebulan. Rotasi penggunaan alat tangkap di Laut Jawa adalah suatu kondisi yang muncul ke permukaan sebagai sinyal pergeseran populasi ikan dari karakteristik sumber daya yang multi-spesies. Fenomena hasil tangkapan yang tidak tercatat dan dilaporkan menyebabkan pendugaan stok ikan dengan akurat yang rendah akan menimbulkan ketidakpastian dalam penyusunan rekomendasi. Tersedianya sistem pemantauan kapal perlu didukung oleh kegiatan validasi hasil tangkapan yang didaratkan, untuk itu sangat perlu meningkatkan keterlibatkan enumerator dan observer di atas kapal serta penguatan sistem log-book yang sedang berjalan.   The fishing business will fluctuate as a result of high connectivity with the dynamic and nature of environmental factors, in the other side, experience fishers have flexible and adaptive capabilities in order to sustain their business. The objective of this paper is to describe the purse seine fishery adaptability to survive from long term fishing. Plotting data on recorded vessel monitoring system (VMS of small pelagic purse seine in 2012 were applied based on the criteria of the

  15. EKSISTENSI PESANTREN SEBAGAI PUSAT PENDIDIKAN DAN PERUBAHAN MASYARAKAT BANGSA INDONESIA DI ABAD KE-19 DAN ABAD KE-20

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muh. Mustakim

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the sustainability of pesantren in Indonesia, especially in the 19th century and the 20th century . In the century, the pesantren was instrumental in educating the children of the nation, became the center of civilization Indonesia even become the biggest supplier in guarding the struggle against colonialism struggle, safeguard and defend freedom of Indonesia. The major role as faded in the era of the 21st century, where schools are more focused on religious education . Some schools try to maintain the existence and role by accepting changes to the education system or the management pesantrennya that survive today, such as the opening of school education as madrassah, or boarding schooland college or university, par example as done by many pesantren in East Java, Central Java and Yogyakarta and other areas in Indonesia.

  16. Shia: Its History and Development in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Hasyim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Shiah becomes a new problem in Indonesia after hundreds years of living together. Currently, treatment to Shiah tends to violate the principles of religious freedom. Therefore, it is necessary to know, how the history of the emergence of Shiah and its development in Indonesia? This is a library research using a critical analysis approach. This study found that the Syiah is a religious ideology which refers to the views of Saidina Ali (the fourth khalifat and his descendants. This teaching emerged since the beginning of the khulafaurasidin. Shiah has developed dozens of religiousstreams due to disagreement and differences on the idea of Imamah. There are four stages of Shiah development in Indonesia, namely: Firstly, along with the arrival of Islam in Indonesia; Secondly, after the Islamic revolution in Iran; Thirdly, through Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals who studied in Iran, and Finally,  during the open era there was an establishment of as association Jamaah Ahlul Bai’t Indonesia.

  17. DINAMIKA PERKEMBANGAN PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Syukron

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia merupakan suatu perwujudan dari permintaan masyarakat yang membutuhkan suatu sistem perbankan alternatif yang selain menyediakan jasa perbankan/keuangan yang sehat, juga memenuhi prinsip-prinsip syariah. Tulisan ini mencoba mereview bagaimana perjalanan dan perkembangan bank syariah di Indonesia serta dibandingkan dengan beberapa Negara muslim lainnya. Secara umum, kebijakan pengembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia belum mencapai target yang ideal yang direncanakan. Berdasarkan Global Islamic Financial Report (GIFR tahun 2014, Indonesia menduduki urutan ketujuh turun tiga peringkat yang sempat menempati urutan keempat pada tahun 2011. Sebagai negara yang memiliki potensi dan kondusif dalam pengembangan industri keuangan syariah setelah Iran, Malaysia dan Saudi Arabia. Dengan melihat beberapa aspek dalam penghitungan indeks, seperti jumlah bank syariah, jumlah lembaga keuangan non-bank syariah, maupun ukuran aset keuangan syariah yang memiliki bobot terbesar, dapat dikatakan perkembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia berjalan di tempat, bahkan belum menunjukkan perkembangan yang signifikan dari tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

  18. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration to support the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development in realizing the vision of Indonesia are being developed nation. The main objective of this study is the first to analyze the role of the creative industries in Indonesia for labor, value added and productivity, secondly, to analyze the performance trend of the creative industries sector, and third, to analyze the factors affecting the performance of the creative industries sector in Indonesia. Under Indonesia Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC and codes 151-372 (manufacturing industries category identified 18 industry groups belonging to the creative industries, showed that the performance of the national creative industries has been relatively high (in terms of trend analysis of the performance of the industrial creative. Furthermore, regression analysis of panel data (econometrics indicates that company size (SIZE, wages for workers (WAGE and the content of local inputs (LOCAL has a significant impact on the performance of Indonesia's creative industry. Meanwhile, the concentration ratio (CR4 no consequences but have koresi significantly positive effect on the performance of Indonesia’s creative industry.

  19. Children’s use of Bahasa Indonesia in Jakarta kindergartens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everaert, M.B.H.; Van de Velde, H.; Kushartanti, B.

    2015-01-01

    At a very young age children living in Jakarta use both Colloquial Jakarta Indonesia and Bahasa Indonesia. The children’s first and most used language is Colloquial Jakarta Indonesia. In the formal school setting Bahasa Indonesia is frequently used and stimulated on a daily basis, and the learning p

  20. Dinamika Wacana Pluralisme Keagamaan di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanuri Sanuri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Religious plurality in Indonesia context is interesting enough to be discussed. The plurality of culture, race, ethnic and religion constitutes a social condition that often becomes disintegrated major. Pluralism in the context of religion such as Islam has a pivotal role in dealing with such issue. In Islam, all religions and beliefs are believed to have the right of life. But for a certain group, this matter is considered as a faith destruction of Muslim. This article discusses the response from both internal and external groups of Islam concerning with the understanding of Islam to religious pluralism which is currently considered as a trend of globalization and modernization—apparently raises ideological suspicions or even new ideologies. Therefore, an effort to re-actualization of meanings and values into the frame of Islamization, SIPILIS (secularism, pluralism and liberalism in Indonesian context is necessary. In addition, re-interpretation of the term “religious pluralism” will be more oriented to an attempt to search mutual understanding of different cultures, religions, races and tribes. In this context, the social construction method and socio-historical, moral ethics, and theological-philosophical approach under the central issues within a religious pluralism spectrum such as global theology, universal theology, universal friendship, culminated tradition, private faith, relative truth, the real, relative truth, universality and Humanism of Islam are very essential.

  1. Resources, policy, and research activities of biofuel in Indonesia: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanuandri Putrasari

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Fossil fuels as the main energy source of every country now predicted will be ended no more than 40 years. Therefore, alternative fuel such as biofuel has been developed by many countries including Indonesia. Indonesia as one of the highest populated country and has wide areas of agriculture, forest and crop field is potential to be the highest biofuel production in the world. However, after one decade since the Government of Indonesia launched the energy Policy in 2006, appears to be interesting that the biofuels progress in Indonesia seen not well developed. One of the basic weaknesses is the program only applied to the specific area with a high biofuel resource by central government without support by local government. Furthermore, the target of biofuel programs seems to be very high or too ambitious, while the condition of the people still very traditional which can be seen from the lifestyle and their energy consumption. This paper provides in detail a review of several topics related to resource, energy consumption, policy and the research and development activities of biofuel in Indonesia. As a discussion, some recommendation provided to encourage the biofuel development in the near future.

  2. Menggagas Pendidikan Multikultur di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anin Nurhayati

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia with diversity of ethnic, culture, tradition, social group, religion, and so on, on the one hand, has aroused the dynamics of cultural diversity and positive civilization; on the other hand, it will even become the cause of conflict and disintegration, if it is not managed wisely and comprehensively. Multicultural education in Indonesia, however, should not only become an academic discourse, but it needs to be implemented in the concrete sphere, among them is in the education realm. Here, we need a conceptual frame in its implementation, so that the problem that emerges as the effect of the diversity and religiousness bias does not become a heavy burden of this nation. Multicultural education is a reform as well as the process of education which inculcate to the students the values and beliefs the importance of uniqueness recognition at every ethnic, culture, and other social groups. There are at least five scopes in multicultural education, they are (1 promotion to strengthen cultural diversity; (2 promotion to respect human right and other different people; (3 promotion to act based on his own way of life for every human being; and (5 promotion to the importance of equality and distribution of authority among different social groups.

  3. Animasi Indonesia (Tinjauan Singkat Perkembangan Animasi Indonesia dalam Konteks Animasi Dunia)

    OpenAIRE

    Arik Kurnianto

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the development of animated films in Indonesia based on historical studies to determine simultaneously mapping the history Indonesia in the context of world/global animation history. This study also examines the relationship between the histories of Indonesiananimated films with history first entry of the film in Indonesia which began the Dutch colonial era. According to Stephen Cavalier, the world history of animation was divided into five large round ...

  4. Augmented Reality Edugame Senjata Tradisional Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Sudarmilah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Senjata tradisional merupakan sebuah produk yang berkaitan erat dengan budaya suatu masyarakat. Selain berfungsi sebagai senjata, senjata tradisional telah menjadi identitas suatu bangsa yang membantu memperkaya khasanah budaya nusantara. Pendidikan di Indonesia berpedoman pada kurikulum baru yang disebut kurikulum 2013. Salah satu materi kurikulum mengarahkan siswa untuk belajar tentang senjata tradisional bentuk senjata tradisional. Berdasarkan pada masalah yang timbul dari kurikulum 2013, peneliti menyiapkan metode pembelajaran dengan menggabungkan Augmented Reality (AR dengan permainan edukasi berbasis adventure game dalam menyajikan materi keanekaragaman budaya Indonesia, terutama untuk senjata tradisional sehingga siswa memiliki semangat dalam belajar tentang keanekaragaman budaya Indonesia khusunya senjata.

  5. Did Oral Interventions by the Indonesian Central Bank Support the Rupiah?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sahminan, S.; de Haan, J.

    2013-01-01

    Most previous studies on the effectiveness of oral interventions (statements by officials in support of the exchange rate) focus on industrial countries. The present paper examines whether statements by Bank Indonesia officials (i.e. the central bank of Indonesia) during the period 20042007 have had

  6. Perbandingan Inklinasi dan Ukuran Rahang antara Orang Jawa Buta dan Normal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Christnawati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang. Penglihatan merupakan salah satu faktor yang diperlukan untuk mengontrol postur kepala. Postur kepala berhubungan dengan kompleks kraniofasial. Maksila dan mandibula merupakan bagian dari kompleks kraniofasial. Pada orang buta terjadi penyimpangan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan daerah orbita karena tidak adanya rangsang. Tujuan Penelitian adalah untuk mempelajari perbandingan inklinasi dan ukuran rahang berdasarkan jenis kelamin antara orang Jawa buta dan normal. Metode Penelitian. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap 53 subjek, terdiri dari 25 orang buta ( 12 orang laki-laki dan 13 orang perempuan dan 28 orang normal (14 orang laki-laki dan 14 orang perempuan. Setiap subjek penelitian dilakukan pengambilan sefalogram lateral pada posisi alamiah kepala, kemudian dilakukan penapakan pada kertas kalkir di atas iluminator. Pengukuran sembilan parameter inklinasi dan ukuran maksila dan mandibula dilakukan pada hasil penapakan. Data dianalisis dengan uji Anava dua jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang tidak bermakna (p<0,05. Panjang mandibula dan panjang basis mandibula laki-laki normal lebih besar daripada perempuan normal dan kelompok buta, serta perempuan normal lebih besar daripada perempuan buta (p<0,05. Kesimpulan Ukuran maksila laki-laki buta lebih besar daripada perempuan normal. Panjang mandibula dan panjang basis mandibula laki-laki normal lebih besar daripada perempuan normal lebih besar daripada perempuan normal, laki-laki buta, dan perempuan buta, serta perempuan normal lebih besar daripada perempuan buta.   Background Vision is one of the factors involved in the control of head posture. The posture of the head is related to craniofacial complex. Maxilla and mandible are part of craniofacial complex. In the blind there are deviations of growth and development of the orbital region in the absence of stimuli. The purpose of this study was to compare the inclinations and sizes of maxilla and mandible

  7. Application of K-Means Algorithm for Cluster Analysis on Poverty of Provinces in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Verasius Dian Sano

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to apply cluster analysis or also known as clustering on poverty data of provinces all over Indonesia.The problem is that the decision makers such as central government, local government and non-government organizations, which involve in poverty problems, need a tool to support decision-making process related to social welfare problems. The method used in the cluster analysis is k-means algorithm. The data used in this study were drawn from Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS or Central Bureau of Statistics on 2014.Cluster analysis in this study took characteristics of data such as absolute poverty of each province, relative number or percentage of poverty of each province, and the level of depth index poverty of each province in Indonesia. Results of cluster analysis in this study were presented in the form of grouping of clusters' members visually. Cluster analysis in the study could be used to identify more quickly and efficiently on poverty chart of all provinces all over Indonesia. The results of such identification can be used by policy makers who have interests of eradicating the problems associated with poverty and welfare distribution in Indonesia, ranging from government organizations, non-governmental organizations, and also private organizations.

  8. 78 FR 74115 - Monosodium Glutamate From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    ... Indonesia: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigations AGENCY... (PRC)); Nicholas Czajkowski at (202) 482- 1395 (the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesia)), AD/CVD... investigations of monosodium glutamate from Indonesia and the PRC.\\1\\ Currently, the preliminary...

  9. Pembuatan Wiki Legenda Indonesia dengan Menggunakan CMS Mediawiki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adityo Roosdiono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah negara yang terdiri dari berbagai suku bangsa dan budaya. Salah satu bentuk kekayaan suku bangsa di Indonesia dapat dilihat dari banyaknya legenda yang tersebar di Indonesia. Hampir setiap daerah di Indonesia memiliki cerita rakyat yang kental dengan suasana mistik, budaya dan tradisi di daerah masing-masing.Sayangnya cerita rakyat ini jarang sekali diekspos sehingga tidak jarang warga negara Indonesia tidak tahu cerita sejarah yang ada di Indonesia.  Berdasarkan pemikiran itulah, perlu diadakannya sebuah Wiki legenda Indonesia terkait mitos dan sejarah di Indonesia.Wiki legenda Indonesia menggunakan teknologi CMS MediaWiki, yang telah digunakan oleh Wikipedia sendiri. MediaWiki ini akan dipakai sebagai model awal pembuatan Wiki legenda Indonesia sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai media penyimpanan cerita rakyat. Selain sebagai media penyimpanan, Wiki legenda Indonesia juga berfungsi sebagai media diskusi para peminat cerita rakyat yang ada di Indonesia. Sehingga kedepannya, cerita legenda di Indonesia mampu diketahui oleh seluruh masyarakat Indonesia pada khususnya, dan dunia pada umumnya.

  10. Analisis Keunggulan Bersaing Nissan di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    lim Sanny

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Automotive sales in Indonesia picked up sharply in 2010, and increase of prices does not lower the demand for automotive products. The large population of Indonesia and the low level of car ownership in the country suggest there is a lot of potential for expansion in the automotive industry. The aim of this research is to observe Nissan’s strategy in Indonesia to gain a spot in the top 10 of the best automotive seller in Indonesia. This research uses primary data with forecasting with monthly index to forecast the demand and to detect the selling target plans in 2010. Then, with combined porter five forces to determine the competitive strategy in the last 5 years. 

  11. Performance and political change in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Lindsay

    2011-01-01

    Review of: Michael H. Bodden, Resistance on the national stage: Theater and politics in late New Order Indonesia. Barbara Hatley, Javanese performances on an Indonesian stage: Contesting culture, embracing change.

  12. Effectiveness of monetary policy transmission in Indonesia

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    Muhammad Khoirul Fuddin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the channel of monetary policy transmission mechanism of money, credit, interest rate and exchange rate in Indonesia. The effectiveness of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy in Indonesia can be described and explained by the ultimate target object in Indonesia, specifically economic growth and inflation. The analytical tool used in this study is Vector Error Correction Model (VECM which uses impulse response and variance decomposition in determining the effectiveness of monetary policy transmission mechanism. The results explain that the credit channel is considered effective in explaining economic growth and the interest rate channel is effective in explaining inflation found in Indonesia.

  13. 1992 Flores Region, Maumere, Indonesia Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — On December 12, 1992, a magnitude 7.5 Ms (USGS) earthquake at 05:29 UT occurred in the Flores, Indonesia, region producing a tsunami that reached shore in five...

  14. IMPORTANT PROTOZOAN PARASITES IN INDONESIA

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    Srisasi Gandahusada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The most important protozoan parasites in Indonesia are the malaria parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Entamoeba histolytica. After the second world war the residual insecticides and effective antimalarial drugs were used in the control of malaria. After development of resistance among mosquitoes to insecticides, the Malaria Control Programme was switched over to the Malaria Eradication Programme. Malaria incidence dropped heavily. However, due to the quick development of vector resistance and financial limitations, malaria came back and so did the Malaria Control Programme. P. falciparum and P.vivax are the most common species in Indonesia. Important vectors are An. sundaicus, An. aconitus, An. maculatus, An. hyrcanus group, An. balabacensis, An. farauti etc. An. sundaicus and An. aconitus have developed resistance to DDT and Dieldrin in Java. In 1959 the Malaria Eradication Programme was started in Java, Bali and Lampung. In 1965 the API dropped to 0,15 per thousand. From 1966 onwards malaria transmission was on the increase, because spraying activities were slowed down, but dropped again from 1974 onwards by occasional residual house spraying with DDT or Fenitrothion, malaria surveillance and treatment of malaria cases, resulting in an API of 0.18 per thousand in 1987. At present malaria is not transmitted in Jakarta and in capitals of the provinces and kabupatens, except in Irian Jaya, Nusa Tenggara Timur and one or two other provinces, but it still exists in rural areas. The distribution of chloroquine resistant P.falciparum is patchy. Resistance is at the RI, RII and RUT levels. The main problems of malaria control are : the increasing development of resistance of the vector to insecticides, the change of An.aconitus from zoophili to anthropophili and from indoor to outdoor biting, the increasing resistance of P.falciparum to chloroquine, the shortage of skilled manpower and limitation of budget. In Indonesia many newborns with congenital

  15. Perilaku Impor Susu di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hastuti Pratiwi

    2016-06-01

    This paper analyzes the behaviour of milk import in Indonesia during 1985-2010. Using an Error Correction Model (ECM, it finds that in the long run, factors influencing the milk import are percapita income, domestic milk real price, and imported milk price. In the short run, the import is influenced by population size of more than 5-year old residents, real domestic price milk, real price of imported milk, and exchange rates. Variables that do not influence milk imports, both in the short run and in the long run, are national milk production, milk exports, population size of less than 5-year old residents, and the gonvernment policy on the deletion of milk imports.

  16. Indonesia Shows:To shine in April

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Zihan

    2015-01-01

    INATEX, INDO INTER TEX and TECHNITEX 2015, scheduled to take place from 23 – 25 April 2015 at Jakarta International Expo (JIEXPO) Jakarta – Indonesia, are to meet with mills and manufacturers from Indonesia and around the world showcasing their collections. These three binding exhibitions, with theme,“The Only Trade Platform to Meet ASEAN Garment Industry”, will set as an exclusive business platform for domestic and international quality supplier of Textile and Garment Industries.

  17. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    2013-01-01

    In Indonesia, no systematic study of Chinese FDI has been undertaken to date. This paper contributes to filling this research gap and analyses the current composition as well as the historical evolution of Chinese FDI in Indonesia, relying on a survey conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested ente...... investments, at this early period of their internationalisation, are likely to give rise to a more modest extent of positive spillovers than investors from more economically advanced countries....

  18. Hepatitis B virus infection in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yano, Yoshihiko; Utsumi, Takako; Lusida, Maria Inge; Hayashi, Yoshitake

    2015-01-01

    Approximately 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), 75% of whom reside in Asia. Approximately 600000 of infected patients die each year due to HBV-related diseases or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The endemicity of hepatitis surface antigen in Indonesia is intermediate to high with a geographical difference. The risk of HBV infection is high in hemodialysis (HD) patients, men having sex with men, and health care workers. Occult HBV infection has been detected in various groups such as blood donors, HD patients, and HIV-infected individuals and children. The most common HBV subgenotype in Indonesia is B3 followed by C1. Various novel subgenotypes of HBV have been identified throughout Indonesia, with the novel HBV subgenotypes C6-C16 and D6 being successfully isolated. Although a number of HBV subgenotypes have been discovered in Indonesia, genotype-related pathogenicity has not yet been elucidated in detail. Therefore, genotype-related differences in the prognosis of liver disease and their effects on treatments need to be determined. A previous study conducted in Indonesia revealed that hepatic steatosis was associated with disease progression. Pre-S2 mutations and mutations at C1638T and T1753V in HBV/B3 have been associated with advanced liver diseases including HCC. However, drug resistance to lamivudine, which is prominent in Indonesia, remains obscure. Although the number of studies on HBV in Indonesia has been increasing, adequate databases on HBV infection are limited. We herein provided an overview of the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of HBV infection in Indonesia. PMID:26478663

  19. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    A. C. Spessa; Field, R. D.; F. Pappenberger; Langner, A.; S. Englhart; Weber, U.; T. Stockdale; F. Siegert; Kaiser, J. W.; Moore, J.

    2014-01-01

    Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Ba...

  20. CHILD ABUSE, FENOMENA DAN KEBIJAKAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Suci Wulansari

    2012-01-01

    Research about child abuse in Indonesia done by United Nations Children's Funds (UNICEF) results a concerned condition. The same opinion is also declared by Indonesian Commission on Children Protection. The increasing number of child abuse in Indonesia is highlighted in international society. Child abuse causes many negative effects for physical, mental, and or sexual of children, that effect for the growth and development of child thus leads to rise the lost generation. Medical officers hope...

  1. Plagiarism In English Language Theses In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Like Raskova Octaberlina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that plagiarism in Indonesia exists due to some reasons. The reasons range from the requirements on the part of the students to adhere to uniformity in terms of thesis format to failure on the part of the government to effectively enforce a regulation dealing with plagiarism. Anecdotal observations as a student in one Indonesian university will give color to the discussion throughout this article. A recommendation to subdue plagiarism in Indonesia will conclude the article.

  2. PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA PASCA KEMERDEKAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Beti Yanuri Posha

    2015-01-01

    Islam is a religion that put the principles of truth and justice for all its adherents. Factors that encourage Muslims to achieve independence are factors Ideology, political, economic, social and cultural. In Indonesia, Islam has an important role in education. Islamic education in Indonesia is given in three sectors, namely formal, informal and non-formal. After Indonesian independence, the issue of religious education received serious attention from the government, both in public and priva...

  3. ANALISIS EKSPOR IKAN TUNA INDONESIA

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    Indriana - Yudiarosa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   Facing the  free trade era, Indonesia needs to reorganize its export strategies with not mainly depending on oil and gas sector only. In relation to this, tuna as Indonesia’s export commodity has plate an important role but presently Indonesia can only contribute 7% of the world tuna supply. Being one of the country which have unused tunas potensial  up to 53,7%, Indonesia’s opportunity to supply world market is the large. This studied was aimed at analyzing; factors influencing Indonesia’s tunas export; factors  influencing domestic supply of tunas; predicting tunas export in the next 5 years (2000 –2005 and study marketing strategies that effect Indonesia’s export of tuna. To analyze factors that influenced tunas export and domestic supply of tunas, simultan equation in the form of double logarithma with two stage least square (2SLS methods were used. Meanwhile, export development were analyzed with trend analysis and tunas export strategies with SWOT analysis. Result of this study showed that, tunas export price,  tunas export  tax, exchange rate and tunas export the previous year effected tunas export.Factors that influenced domestic tuna supplies were domestic prices of tunas and domestic supplies of tunas the previous year.       Tunas export prediction from 2000 – 2005 drawn from the trend analysis; shows an increase in export by average of 1.06%. Hopefully this will be followed by increase in tunas production by an average of 1.27%. Increase in tunas export must be supported by marketing strategies.Marketing strategies that can be carried out based on the SWOT analysis are improving infrastucture, transfer of technology for fleet and catch material, improvement in the quality and quantity of the product , marketing research and upgrading cooperation with importing countries.   Keywords: tuna fish, export

  4. PENDAYAGUNAAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT UNTUK MENGAWASI BEKERJANYA SISTEM PERADILAN PIDANA DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Raharjo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Criminal Justice System did an approach of system. Focus of this research is effort to make a society participation model in observation to the working of criminal justice system. Method which used in this research is law as action is social science study which is non-doctrinal and hake the character of empiric. Experimentation test to made software to be done to find really exactly model. Criminal Justice System has criminogen characteristic, and this is one of the factor causing society participation level to enforcement of law in Indonesia lower. Effort to improve society participation in this case use information technology which in the form of ready of software able to be accessed by whosoever and wherever. This effort expect also can improve image of enforcement of law which till now is bad.

  5. ANALISIS EJEKSI DAN DISPERSI AWAN DEBU VULKANIK GUNUNG SEMERU JAWA TIMUR

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    Agus Krisbiantoro

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Volcanic Ash Clouds atau awan debu vulkanik merupakan salah satu aktivitas yang ditunjukkan oleh gunungapi. Karakterisasi awan debu vulkanik suatu gunung api merupakan upaya monitoring aktivitas suatu gunung api. Monitoring aktivitas gunung api merupakan bagian dari penanggulangan dan kesiapsiagaan terhadap bencana atau bahaya yang diakibatkan oleh aktivitas gunungapi. Gunung Semeru sebagai gunungapi teraktif di Indonesia secara periodik mengeluarkan atau mengejeksikan material debu vulkanik ke atmosfer yang membentuk awan vulkanik. Dampak yang ditimbulkan oleh awan debu vulkanik Gunung Semeru tidak hanya mengancam kehidupan manusia tetapi juga mengancam sumber kehidupan manusia. Teknologi penginderaan jauh atau remote sensing digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi karateristik spketral awan debu vulkanik Gunung Semeru. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi Citra Satelit Landsat TM perekaman tahun 2001 sampai dengan 2010 dan Data Lidar Satelit CALIPSO. Kata Kunci: Awan debu vulkanik, Mitigasi, Remote Sensing, Citra Satelit

  6. AKSES MASYARAKAT TERHADAP OBAT-OBAT ESENTIAL PADA UNIT PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Siahaan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available At the year of 2006, The National of Health Research and Development (NJHRD conducted medicines prices survey in order to evaluate the root problems about the access to essential medicines in Indonesia. Several underlying factors which influence this access i.e. the prices, the availabitily and the adequacy of medicines. The method of the survey followed WHO/HAl methodology which is modified to be suited with Indonesia situation. The study was cross-sectional in four regions in Indonesia: a capital region (DKI Jakarta, Western part of Indonesia (Riau, Central part of Indonesia (South Kalimantan and eastern part of Indonesia (Papua. The collected samples are 10 generic names of medicines. Survey was conducted in public and private health care services, urban and rural areas. The results show that there were wide prices differences between branded and generic medicines. Variation of medicines prices between public, private, sectors and regions. The purchasing prices in health offices and primary health cares are slightly higher than in hospitals and pharmacies. The availability of generic and branded medicines in private sectors is almost the same. The adequacy of essential medicines is better in the eastern region than other regions. The study recommends: a. The government should increase the consumption of generic medicines and provide incentive for physicians and retailers that active for generic services. b. Increasing the efficiency of drug procurement system in public sectors. c. Improving the commitment of regional government on health sectors. d. Regulating the margin prices for retail medicines prices. Key words: access, medicines, prices, availability, adequacy

  7. Optimising land use in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suwarno, Aritta

    2016-01-01

    The rising global population has increased the demand for food, renewable energy and other materials. Yet at the same time to meet this demand requires land and the amount of available land is finite. Considering the importance of land and ecosystems in providing benefits for human, I conducted four

  8. Instrumental lahar monitoring at Merapi Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavigne, F.; Thouret, J.-C.; Voight, B.; Young, K.; LaHusen, R.; Marso, J.; Suwa, H.; Sumaryono, A.; Sayudi, D.S.; Dejean, M.

    2000-01-01

    More than 50 volcanic debris flows or lahars were generated around Mt Merapi during the first rainy season following the nuees ardentes of 22 November 1994. The rainfalls that triggered the lahars were analyzed, using such instruments as weather radar and telemetered rain gauges. Lahar dynamics were also monitored, using new non-contact detection instrumentation installed on the slopes of the volcano. These devices include real-time seismic amplitude measurement (RSAM), seismic spectral amplitude measurement (SSAM) and acoustic flow monitoring (AFM) systems. Calibration of the various systems was accomplished by field measurements of flow velocities and discharge, contemporaneously with instrumental monitoring. The 1994–1995 lahars were relatively short events, their duration in the Boyong river commonly ranging between 30 min and 1 h 30 min. The great majority (90%) of the lahars was recognized at Kaliurang village between 13:00 and 17:30 h, due to the predominance of afternoon rainfalls. The observed mean velocity of lahar fronts ranged between 1.1 and 3.4 m/s, whereas the peak velocity of the flows varied from 11 to 15 m/s, under the Gardu Pandang viewpoint location at Kaliurang, to 8–10 m/s at a section 500 m downstream from this site. River slopes vary from 28 to 22 m/km at the two sites. Peak discharges recorded in various events ranged from 33 to 360 m3/s, with the maximum value of peak discharge 360 m3/s, on 20 May 1995. To improve the lahar warning system along Boyong river, some instrumental thresholds were proposed: large and potentially hazardous lahars may be detected by RSAM units exceeding 400, SSAM units exceeding 80 on the highest frequency band, or AFM values greater than 1500 mV on the low-gain, broad-band setting.

  9. Dynamics of small ruminant development in Central Java-Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gede Suparta Budisatria, I.

    2006-01-01

    Small ruminants are an important but neglected resource in developing countries. Small ruminant production systems are complex. The multiple goals related to small ruminants, combined with the complexity of their management, and the resources and social arrangements involved, make small ruminants ke

  10. Dynamics of small ruminant development in Central Java-Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    I Gede Suparta Budisatria

    2006-01-01

    Small ruminants are an important but neglected resource in developing countries. Small ruminant production systems are complex. The multiple goals related to small ruminants, combined with the complexity of their management, and the resources and social arrangements involved, make small ruminants keeping an enterprise that is inherently difficult to study and to understand. This study analysed the behaviour of small ruminant production systems in order to understand their development prospect...

  11. ALTERNATIF STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN EKSPOR MINYAK SAWIT INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Dradjat

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The development of palm oil export from 2000 to 2006 showed the competitiveness position of Indonesia in the world mar ket was fairly good. In order to increase the growth and values of palm oil export, the experts thought that the role of government as regulators and facilitators are very important.  The government became the main actor for the export development throuh de/regulation related to the palm oil commodity.  The objectives of actors could be achieved by combining strategies (i encrease capacity of Belawan and Dumai harbours, (ii reduction/elimination of loan repayment during grace period of revitalization program, (iii  human resource develeopment for both societies and workers with participative funding from Central Government, Local Government, and enterprises, (iv reduced cost and time in processing land sertification and Hak Guna Usaha (HGU, (v improved access for farmers to financial institution (bank, (vi the establishment of harbours in regions based on palm oil production in the region, and (viii the development of farm roads.      

  12. PESANTREN AND MODERNITY IN INDONESIA: MA’HAD ALY OF KUNINGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didin Nurul Rosidin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslims, pesantren that has thrived since the arrival of Islam to the shore of the archipelago is still out of the central field of the national educational system. As such, pesantren was and is forced to continually be aware with ongoing new educational developments in the country as the result of modernisation and globalisation. The foundation of Ma’had Aly is one of the ways taken by the pesantrens to response to the current developments within Muslim communities, to define or even maintain their central roles as well as to preserve their tradition in such a modernised and globalised Indonesia. By exploring the foundation of Ma’had Alys in Kuningan as a case study, this article closely elaborates how the pesantren world engages these processes both in their cirricular settings and practices and provides how it negotiates with the ongoing changes within its surrounding communities.

  13. CME credit systems in three developing countries: China, India and Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lewis A. Miller

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Two of the largest countries in the world, still developing nations, China and Indonesia, have now created national credit systems for continuing medical education (CME. A third, India, has tried but succeeded only on a state-by-state basis. This study tracks the development of CME/continuing professional development (CPD credit systems in these three major Asian countries, analyses the related administrative backgrounds and points to strengths and weaknesses of each system in terms of serving the goals of CME/CPD in impacting medical care systems. Methods. The authors researched national- and state-level government records to identify legal and regulatory data affecting CME in China, India and Indonesia. Information on current and future activities was gained from media reports. Results. In all three countries, CME/CPD systems evaluate physician continuing competence by counting credits or credit hours. Central health authorities in China and Indonesia have established national systems applying to all health professionals. In Indonesia, CME/CPD is mandatory for re-licensure; in China, it is necessary for career advancement and re-registration. An effort to develop mandatory CME requirements in India, for physicians only, failed because the central agency underwent a major overhaul. Nevertheless, 9 of 28 states in India have developed systems, all tied to re-registration. Discussion. A comparison of systems in the three countries shows that little attention has been paid to physician performance improvement or improved patient health outcomes. Needs assessments and outcomes measures are not regularly carried out. We did not find any evidence of programmes to train administrators or faculty in CME/CPD principles, with the possible exception of Indonesia. Suggestions are offered to CME system leaders and providers to help their counterparts in developing nations.

  14. MARICULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA: Prospects and Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Rimmer

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Mariculture is an important component of Indonesian fisheries and aquaculture production, directly contributing an estimated US$ 320 million in 2008. Because most mariculture production is focussed on producing for export markets, mariculture production is an important source of foreign earnings for the Indonesian economy. This paper reviews the current status and prospects for continuing development of mariculture in Indonesia. Currently the major mariculture commodity in Indonesia is seaweed for carrageenan production. Seaweed production accounts for 98% of total Indonesian mariculture production and 84% of value. The other major commodity groups are marine finfish and pearl oysters. Commodities being developed for mariculture in Indonesia include abalone and spiny lobsters. Prospects for continued development of mariculture in Indonesia appear positive. Indonesia has several advantages for mariculture development, including many potential mariculture sites, a stable tropical climate, and does not suffer from cyclonic storms. The Government of Indonesia is planning to increase aquaculture production substantially over the next four years, including mariculture production. Globally, demand for seafood products is expanding due to increasing population and increased per capita consumption of fish products. Constraints to the continued development of mariculture in Indonesia include: limited seed supply, particularly of species which cannot be economically produced in hatcheries, such as spiny lobsters; need to develop more efficient production systems for some marine finfish; the need to improve environmental sustainability by improving feeds and reducing environmental impacts; and market issues relating to environmental sustainability.

  15. ANALISIS TATA KELOLA OPTIMALISASI SUMBER DAYA SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN JEMBATAN TIMBANG (EDM04 BERDASARKAN KERANGKA KERJA COBIT 5 PADA DINAS PERHUBUNGAN KOMUNIKASI DAN INFORMATIKA PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudistira Dian Hastiti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dinas Perhubungan Komunikasi dan Informatika (Dinhubkominfo Provinsi Jawa tengah sebagai perumus dan pelaksana kebijakan teknis, fasilitator, dan evaluator terkait penyelengaraan kegiatan penimbangan kendaraan bermotor melalui 16 jembatan timbang yang tersebar di wilayah provinsi jawa tengah telah mengimplementasikan sebuah system yang dipergunakan untuk kemudahan dalam menimbang kendaraan dengan mendata setiap kendaraan pada suatu system yang disebut Sistem Informasi Manajemen Jembatan Timbang (SIM JT. Masalah yang ditemukan saat ini yaitu, melihat padatnya antrian panjang kendaraan yang akan ditimbang disebabkan karena SIM JT yang belum memiliki database identitas kendaraan dan tidak dapat terpantau secara real time yang terjadi saat local server dalam keadaan down. Berdasarkan hal tersebut Dinhubkominfo berupaya mengoptimalkan kinerja SIM JT baik dari segi sumber daya manajemen manusia, TI, serta keuangan untuk meminimalkan kesalahan serta meningkatkan efektifitas pelayanan. Dari hasil studi dokumen, wawancara, dan kuesioner  berdasarkan COBIT 5 menghasilkan tingkat kapabilitas tata kelola proses optimalisasi sumer daya (EDM04 pada Dinas Perhubungan Komunikasi dan Informatika Provinsi Jawa Tengah saat ini berada di level 3 dengan status pencapaian Largely Achieved sebesar 80,18% setara dengan 3,80 dimana level 0, 1, dan 2 mencapai status Fully Achieved. Hal ini menunjukan telah mengelola dengan baik proses optimalisasi sumber daya dan diimplementasikan untuk mendukung pengerjaan proses standar dan efektif. Untuk mencapai tingkat target, Dinhubkominfo dapat melakukan strategi perbaikan dengan memperhatikan secara bertahap dari proses atribut level 1 sampai 4 Kata Kunci: Analisis Tata Kelola TI, COBIT 5, Sistem Informasi Manajemen Jembatan Timbang, Analisis Tingkat Kapabilitas, Analisis Kesenjangan.

  16. MODIS data used to study 2002 fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Douglas O.

    Smoke and haze blanketed western Indonesia during August and September 2002, signaling the arrival of another El Niño event in Southeast Asia. Although not as severe as the 1997-1998 El Niño event, the 2002 El Niño produced drought conditions in western Indonesia that favored extensive biomass burning in lowland areas of Borneo, Sumatra, and Sulawesi, three of the largest islands that form part of the vast Indonesian archipelago. Data derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on board the NASA Terra satellite showed that most of the burning during 2002 occurred in central and western Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), where forests are being cleared to make way for industrial oil palm and pulp plantations.Comparison of fire data from several different satellite sensors also reveals that fires detected in Kalimantan during 1997 appeared more numerous (Figure 1) and burned over a longer period (Figure 2) than fires that burned in late 2002 (see discussion below). This result is consistent with recent El Niño observations that characterize the current event as moderate relative to the 1997-1998 event (see http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ products/analysis_monitoring/enso_advisory/).

  17. Morphological diversity in fourteen cultivars Tiron village, Kediri, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Azis Fuad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tiron village, Kediri is one of central mangoes in Indonesia. Many cultivar of mangoes encountered at this location. This study aims to look at the diversity of mango cultivars in the Tiron Village, Kediri, Indonesia. Mangoes diversity is based on qualitative and quantitative character of each cultivar. The diversity among cultivar indicated by the standard deviation and variance in the eleven quantitative characters of mango. Mango cultivars categorized by phylogeny morphological characters. The method used for phylogeny analysis is an UPGMA method (unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean. Phylogenic analysis is based by the qualitative character of the plant. The results showed there were fourteen cultivars of mango in the village of Tiron Kediri have high diversity. Fourteen mango cultivars were categorized four groups. Based on a qualitative character, there are four classes of mango. The first group is the Katul, Podang Urang, and Podang Lumut. The second group is the Gadung, Jaran, Madu, Endog, Pakel, Dodonilo, Ireng, Lanang and Cantek. Santok Kapur into groups to form groups of three and Kopyor fourth. The high diversity in the village mango Tiron Kediri potential for resource in situ germplasm.

  18. Demokrasi, Korupsi dan Makhluk Halus Dalam Politik Kontemporer Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bubandt, Nils Ole

    Indonesian translation of "Democracy, Corruption and the Politics of Spirits in Contemporary Indonesia" (Routledge, 2014)......Indonesian translation of "Democracy, Corruption and the Politics of Spirits in Contemporary Indonesia" (Routledge, 2014)...

  19. Theft of electricity in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priatna, Dedy Supriadi

    In 1996, among 196 million Indonesian people, only 47.6% had access to electricity; 45.4% in rural areas and 51.5% in urban. 64% of population lived in 61,975 villages, and electric power was supplied to 69% of villages. The government has set a goal to achieve nearly universal services by the year 2014. The government can use existing installed capacity of PLN's system more efficiently. Theft of electricity, which currently constitutes a large share of PLN's losses, should be reduced. The potential of the private sector including captive power and local communities, to participate in electric power generation can also be utilized. The large interest that has been shown by the private sector might be followed by making electric power provision profitable and therefore attractive for the private sector. PLN profits, that in 1996 were only 5.22% instead of the 8% recommended by the World Bank as the best practice for Indonesia, have to be increased by improving their performance levels. The government should also seek solutions for the extremely poor households who will never be able to afford both connection charges and a monthly bill. In 1996 the extremely poor households included 5,251,788 households, constituting 12.1% of the total Indonesian households. Only 1.2% of these households had access to electricity. The objective of this study is to seek the policies that can be implemented in Indonesia that will make it possible to generate and deliver electricity profitably, and reduce theft while providing nearly universal services. For this purpose, the options that are proposed in this study are reducing theft of electricity; something like the CAMPFIRE that has successfully reduced poaching of elephants in Africa: that is, consumer-owned systems, both partially (distribution facilities) and completely (generation and distribution facilities); performance-based regulation (PBR); and solutions for supplying the extremely poor based on the minimum subsidies from the

  20. IMPORTANT NEMATODE INFECTIONS IN INDONESIA

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    Sri Oemijati

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available At least 13 species of intestinal nematodes and 4 species of blood and tissue nematodes have been reported infecting man in Indonesia. Five species of intestinal nematodes are very common and highly prevalent, especially in the rural areas and slums of the big cities. Those species are Ascaris lumbricoides, Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale, Trichuris trichiura and Oxyuris vermicularis, while Strongyloides stercoralis is disappearing. The prevalence of the soil transmitted helminths differs from place to place, depending on many factors such as the type of soil, human behaviour etc. Three species of lymph dwelling filarial worms are known to be endemic, the urban Wuchereria bancrofti is low endemic in Jakarta and a few other cities along the north coast of Java, with Culex incriminated as vector, high endemicity is found in Irian Jaya, where Anopheline mosquitoes act as vectors. Brugia malayi is widely distributed and is still highly endemic in many areas. The zoonotic type is mainly endemic in swampy areas, and has many species of Mansonia mosquitoes as vectors. B.timori so far has been found only in the south eastern part of the archipelago and has Anopheles barbirostris as vector. Human infections with animal parasites have been diagnosed properly only when adult stages were found either in autopsies or removed tissues. Cases of infections with A. caninum, A.braziliense, A.ceylanicum, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T.axei and Oesophagostomum apiostomum have been desribed from autopsies, while infections with Gnathostoma spiningerum have been reported from removed tissues. Infections with the larval stages such as VLM, eosinophylic meningitis, occult filanasis and other could only be suspected, since the diagnosis was extremely difficult and based on the finding and identification of the parasite. Many cases of creeping eruption which might be caused by the larval stages of A.caninum and A.braziliense and Strongyloides stercoralis

  1. Factors Contributing to the Performance of Agricultural Credit in Lombok Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sjah, Taslim; Cameron, Donald; Russell, Iean W.

    2003-01-01

    In Indonesia, national historical records show increasing agricultural credit provision by government, yet farmers seem to be unable to escape poverty. In addition, the repayment of credit has tended to be lower as years proceed. This paper analyses the performance of credit in terms of agricultural production, farmers' earnings, and credit repayment, and factors contributing to the performance. The analysis is based upon a survey conducted in Central Lombok, where the current KKP government ...

  2. "Dry feet for all": flood management and chronic time in Semarang, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lukas Ley

    2016-01-01

    "This article describes flood management in poor communities of Semarang, a second-tier city on the north coast of Central Java, Indonesia. Using ethnographic material from participant observation and interviews, the article argues that flood management upholds an ecological status quo - a socioecological system that perpetuates the potential of crisis and structures of vulnerability. While poor residents have developed coping mechanisms, such community efforts follow the logic of maintaining...

  3. PENDEDERAN IKAN PATIN DI KOLAM OUTDOOR UNTUK MENGHASILKAN BENIH SIAP TEBAR DI WADUK MALAHAYU, BREBES, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Septyan Andriyanto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan memiliki program berupa industrialisasi perikanan dengan salah satu komoditas unggulannya yaitu ikan patin. Dalam rangka mendukung pengembangan program tersebut, maka dilakukan kegiatan “Pemasyarakatan IPTEK (IPTEKMAS Pendederan Ikan Patin di Waduk Malahayu, Brebes, Jawa Tengah”, yang bertujuan sebagai transfer teknologi pendederan untuk menghasilkan benih ikan patin dengan ukuran yang siap dibesarkan atau siap ditebar sebagai benih restocking di Waduk Malahayu. Tahapan kegiatan IPTEKMAS ini di antaranya pemilihan lokasi, koordinasi dan sosialisasi, pelatihan dan pendampingan teknologi pendederan ikan patin, serta temu lapang dan restocking benih ikan patin di Waduk Malahayu. Kegiatan yang dilakukan dalam pendederan ikan patin meliputi: persiapan kolam pendederan, penebaran benih, pemberian pakan, pengelolaan kualitas air, manajemen kesehatan ikan, dan teknik pemanenan benih. Melalui kegiatan ini dihasilkan benih ikan patin berukuran 4-5 inci atau 10 g, dengan tingkat sintasan benih rata-rata sebesar 98,76%. Manfaat yang diperoleh selain nelayan mampu mendederkan sendiri benih ikan patin sampai ukuran restocking, juga mendukung program restocking di Waduk Malahayu yang berdampak pada peningkatan pendapatan nelayan setempat tanpa merusak lingkungan perairan.

  4. HUBUNGAN POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN KEKUATAN DAN DAYA TAHAN TARUNA AKADEMI IMIGRASI DEPOK, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meirisa Rahmawati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to observe association between consumption pattern and physical activity with strength and endurance of taruna in Immigration Academy, Depok, West Java. A cross sectional study using 63 taruna as study participant was conducted. The results of study showed that there was significant correlation between nutritional status and strength of taruna (p<0.05. There was no significant correlation between adequacy levels of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin C, physical activity with strength and endurance (p>0.05. There was no significant correlation between nutritional status with endurance of taruna (p>0.05.Keywords: consumption pattern, endurance, physical activity, strengthABSTRAKPenelitian bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan pola konsumsi dan aktivitas fisik dengan kekuatan dan daya tahan taruna Akademi Imigrasi Depok, Jawa Barat. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak 63 taruna. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara status gizi dengan kekuatan para taruna (p<0.05. Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara tingkat kecukupan energi, protein, lemak, karbohidrat, kalsium, zat besi, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin C, aktivitas fisik dengan kekuatan dan daya tahan (p>0.05. Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara status gizi dengan daya tahan para taruna (p>0.05.Kata kunci: aktivitas fisik, daya tahan, kekuatan, pola konsumsi

  5. KORELASI ANTARA PENGUASAAN KOSAKATA, MINAT BACA, DAN KEMAMPUAN MERESEPSI CERPEN SUFISTIK: Survei Pada Siswa Madrasah Tsanawiyah Kampung Jawa Tondano Minahasa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinayati Djojosuroto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs, literature is a part of Indonesian Letters and Language class. Literature can refine manners, enrich aesthetic experience, and improve the knowledge of students. Literature teaching increases their ability in understanding, enjoying, loving, and appreciating literary work, and also to help their development of psychological aspects towards shaping their character as a whole. Regarding reading interest, students were helped in understanding and comprehending sufi short story when they mastered the adequate vocabulary. The sufi short story as a work of literature is rich of life values, either local or spiritual ones. Sufi value  belongs to spiritual value  assessed to develop a person’s spiritual state. This study used the survey method with correlation technique. The respondents were tested on vocabulary mastery, given quiz for reading interest, and also taken essay test for the ability to comprehend sufi short story. It was done in MTs Kampung Jawa, Tondano, Minahasa.  Based on the analysis of the hypothesis test, all of the alternative hypothesizes (H1 given in this research were accepted. This means that the ability to comprehend sufi short story (Y can be improved by developing the mastery of vocabulary (X1 and reading interest (X2.

  6. Wajah Nasionalisme pada Pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia di Perguruan Tinggi Prancis

    OpenAIRE

    Armin, Mardi Adi

    2014-01-01

    Hubungan bahasa dan kebudayaan Indonesia-Prancis dan sebaliknya sudah berlangsung cukup lama. Beberapa pengarang dan pelukis terkenal Indonesia seperti Raden Saleh, Salim, NH Dini, Farida Soemargono telah lama tinggal dan berkarya di Prancis. Mereka memliki keluarga sebagai hasil perkawinan dengan orang-orang Prancis, namun mereka tetap memillih kewarganegaraan Indonesia dan berkarya lewat pengajaran dan penerjemahan buku-buku berbahasa Indonesia. Pembelajaran bahasa dan kebudayaan I...

  7. MODEL PREDIKSI KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD BERDASARKAN FAKTOR IKLIM DI KOTA BOGOR, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jusniar Ariati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractDengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF presents a serious health problem in Indonesia. Dengue viruses are transmitted to human through the biting of infected mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus.The occurrence of variation and climate change will Affect the growth areas of mosquitoes. This situation can influence on the emergence of dengue fever cases. In this paper will discuss the predictions of the mathematical model of considering the incidence of DHF with climatic factors. The research design was a retrospective study with the data collected is dengue incidence and climate include temperature, rainfall, humidity and rainy days since 2002-2010. Data analysis was performed using Minitab 16.0 software statistical time series. The results showed that R2 varied between 0.65 to 0.99. The highest R2 value of the regression equation obtained in August, September and October is 0.99 and the lowest in April with a R2 value of 0.65. The results of predictions based on 4 predictors (precipitation, rainy days, temperature and humidity with the incidence of DHF is actually not much different, except in April. It can be concluded that according to linear predictive models of dengue is influenced by climatic factors (precipitation, rainy days, temperature and humidity 2 months before and 1 month prior dengue incidence.Keywords : Dhf, Climate, Prediction ModelAbstrakDemam Berdarah Dengue (DBD merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di Indonesia. Aedes aegyptisebagai vektor utama penyakit DD/DBD kehidupannya dipengaruhi oleh faktor iklim, diantaranya suhu, kelembaban udara, curah hujan dan hari hujan. Berbagai upaya pengendalian  telah   dilakukan  namun  belum   menurunkan  jumlah  kasus  secara  signifikan, sehingga diperlukan model untuk memprediksi kejadian DBD di suatu wilayah sehingga kejadiannya dapat diantisipasi. Dalam tulisan ini akan membahas model matematika prediksi kejadian DBD dengan mempertimbangkan faktor iklim

  8. Public-Private Partnerships: an International Development vis a vis Indonesia Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizal Yaya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available For more than two decades, Public Private Partnerships (PPP had developed worldwide as an instrument to procure public infrastructure where government funds are limited. This practice supports the covergent theory of the public and private sector. Indonesia experience with PPP follows most of what had been done by countries overseas with some deviations. The main reasons for going for PPP for Indonesia government is to fill the gap in finance and capability in procuring the infrastructure. Unofficial reason such as for off-balance sheet and ideological is not relevant. Up to now, the Government only allow investment in hard economic infrastructure. Instead of using pure private finance, Indonesia Government facilitates public funds either from Central Government or Local Governments to finance PPP projects. In most cases, this involvement is because of marginality of the project. This results in the condition where the Government still has dominant role in the existing PPP projects. Compared to the PPP framework in other countries like in the UK, Indonesia PPP lacks of attention on output specification and risk transfer. This may be because of lacking of experiences as well as due to high degree of Government involvement. Rigorous policy is needed in this area to ensure Government to achieve better value for money.

  9. Antinomy in Legislation in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal Arifin Mochtar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A number of reality for laws as a production of Parliament and President was canceled by the Constitutional Court, occur as a result of the legislation matter that plural reflects the injustice and legal uncertainty. The high number of judicial review becomes signal less accommodation of citizen interests and rights in a legislation product. The absence of arrangement harmony made by Parliament gives impact on plural legislation sued. This paper attempts to describe some debate antinomy that characterizes the existence of legislation in Indonesia. The analysis showed, antinomy-conflict-norm in the legislation is one thing that is difficult to avoid, especially given the poor-legislative process in the parliament today. In each establishment of legislation, synchronization and norms harmonization is not a major pressing point, but defeated by transnational politics inter-faction in the parliament that actually looked more dominant. But when these norms conflict constituted a rule of law which are simultaneous, dynamic, and meet legal ideals, would not be a problem. As long as not to cause harm to the fulfillment of constitutional rights of citizens.

  10. Tsunami risk assessment in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Strunz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of the German Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS the assessment of tsunami risk is an essential part of the overall activities. The scientific and technical approach for the tsunami risk assessment has been developed and the results are implemented in the national Indonesian Tsunami Warning Centre and are provided to the national and regional disaster management and spatial planning institutions in Indonesia.

    The paper explains the underlying concepts and applied methods and shows some of the results achieved in the GITEWS project (Rudloff et al., 2009. The tsunami risk assessment has been performed at an overview scale at sub-national level covering the coastal areas of southern Sumatra, Java and Bali and also on a detailed scale in three pilot areas. The results are provided as thematic maps and GIS information layers for the national and regional planning institutions. From the analyses key parameters of tsunami risk are derived, which are integrated and stored in the decision support system of the national Indonesian Early Warning Centre. Moreover, technical descriptions and guidelines were elaborated to explain the developed approach, to allow future updates of the results and the further development of the methodologies, and to enable the local authorities to conduct tsunami risk assessment by using their own resources.

  11. Socio-Economic Factors on Indonesia Education Disparity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzizah, Yuni

    2015-01-01

    Since 1998, regional governments in Indonesia have had greater autonomy due to the commencement of a reformation movement across Indonesia. Large portions of education management were delegated to the regional governments. Because of this, the education level varies strongly across Indonesia' provinces. Referring to the data provided by the…

  12. Strategic Planning Implementation in Indonesia’s Transmigration Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    replaced the Hinduism of the :ndonesians. (Now 90 7,ercent of Indonesia are moslem) excekt for the Balinese, some Javanese , and some Chinese. Currently...block number) I Transmigration, Indonesia , Strategic Planning,"Indon ia s e- velopment Plan, Presidential Decree, t N ASe- Migration, Strategy, Racial...84 5 LIST OF TABLES I. Pcpulation Density of Indonesia in 1978 and 1980 .. ....... ....... ...... *,2 II. Distribution

  13. EMPLOYER BRANDING PT. CITIBANK INDONESIA PADA KALANGAN WORKFORCE DI MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    -, RUZKYHAQ

    2016-01-01

    2016 Employer Branding PT. Citibank Indonesia pada Kalangan Workforce di Makassar Ruzkyhaq Nurdjanah Hamid Shinta Dewi S. Tikson Jurusan Manajemen, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Hasanuddin JL. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km.10 Makassar, 90245 Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh Employer Branding PT. Citibank Indonesia yang menghasilkan dua Atribut Daya Tarik yang terdiri dari Atribut Instrument...

  14. 78 FR 76321 - Monosodium Glutamate From China and Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... COMMISSION Monosodium Glutamate From China and Indonesia Determinations On the basis of the record \\1... injured by reason of imports from China and Indonesia of monosodium glutamate, provided for in subheading... United States at less than fair value (LTFV) and subsidized by the Governments of China and Indonesia....

  15. Indonesia's family planning story: success and challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, T H; Hull, V J; Singarimbun, M

    1977-11-01

    clinics. The strong community structures on Bali encourage birth control use. Bali, which is predominantly Hindi, is more receptive to the IUD than Java, which is predominantly Muslim. In East Java, the authoritarian bureaucracy makes efficient use of its money. Central Java is making slow but steady progress in family planning. In West Java, fieldworkers are teamed with paramedics; there, door-to-door contraceptive supply was more effective than the clinic system. In many areas traditional methods, i.e., herbs, massage, total abstinence for long periods of time, etc., were favored. More educated women often do not use contraceptives for fear of side effects. The need for family planning on the outer Indonesian islands is not as great, but programs are being set under way. These programs are the beginning of an attempt to alleviate problems that could be encountered if Indonesia's population growth continues unchecked.

  16. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI SUSTAINABILITAS PERTUMBUHAN FINANSIAL LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Sundari

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the monetary crisis in 1998, Indonesia's economy has not fully recovered as indicated by slow economic growth which has not reached yet 8% each year. These conditions load to growing number of unemployed and hence create many demand from the large number of micro enterprise for loan. There were about 50 million micro entrepreneurs which was served only by 56 thousand units of MFIs (Microfinance Institution. This fact intrigued a deep comprehensive analysis at supply side, i.e. the MFIs. The analysis was to study factors that inhibit the sustainability growth of MFIs in order to increase the number of micro business loans. The research was located in East Java province due to the fact that more than 70% MFIs located in Java island and the largest MFIs is in East Java. The samples were obtained by purposive sampling technique and then analysed using descriptive statistics, ordinal logistic regression and biplot. The result proved that the factors which significantly influence the growth of financial sustainability were Regulation, Institutions, Efficiency, CAR (Capital Adequacy Ratio, ROE (Return on Equity, ROA (Return on Asset, LDR (Loan to Deposit Ratio, loan, NPL (Non Performing Loan, HRD (Human Resources Development and Interest rates. While the factors that did not have significant effect were competition and income per capita.Keyword : Microfinance Institutions (MFIs, Performance Analyze, Financial Sustainability, Ordinal Logistic Regression

  17. EFEK LAKSATIF JUS DAUN ASAM JAWA (Tamarindus indica Linn. PADA TIKUS PUTIH YANG DIINDUKSI DENGAN GAMBIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Sundari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Plants tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn. known to the public as a shade tree and is found in almost all parts of Indonesia. The leaves are called "sinom" in the Java language is also used as a vegetable and medicine Empirically Java acid is used as a remedy gout, ulcers, boils, laxative, fever, menstrual facilitator, inflammation. Laxative effect has been studied (laxative leaf juice tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn. Intestinal transit method and experimental animals used white rats. The dose tested was 3 doses of juice that is 20%, 40% and 60%, which is given orally. For purposes of comparison (positive control is the granting of four Dulcolax ml/200 g bw., While distilled water as negative control. Two days before the experiment is done, all rats were induced constipation with gambier extract 3 g / kg bw. The experimental results showed that the average ratio of intestinal length traversed by charcoal proanalisa Java acidic juice dose group 60%, 40%, 20%; Dulcolax and distilled water, respectively 49.86%, 60.2%, 18.34%, 75.22% and 2.01%. Showed statistically tamarind juice at doses of 40% has laxative properties, but smaller than the Dulcolax.   Keywords: laxative, white mice, Tamarindus indica Linn., leaves, tamarindjuice

  18. Karakter Visual dan Gaya Ilustrasi Naskah Lama di Jawa Periode 1800-1920

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    Nuning Yanti Damayanti

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The tradition of illustrated writing and drawing was found in the old manuscripts of Indonesia. Some parts of those old manuscripts show unique illustrations depicting local identity of Nusantara. It is thought that the manuscript reflects societal culture of thinking as well as aesthetic achievement of visual art. The illustrations of those old Javanese manuscripts were well documented and represented in various visual styles, drawing methods, themes, and visualized objects; even though their visual concepts practically resembles to each other.  The presented paper discusses the visual character and styles of illustrations found in the old manuscripts of Java within the year of 1800-1920. The illustration in those old Javanese manuscripts shows continuous correlation to the visual style of the past era and the present. Thus, it emboldens the characteristics of Indonesian visual states. It reflects structured illustration and visual style as well as expressive symbols of the Javanese society. Illustration of the old Javanese manuscript in the year 1800-1920 showed some changes and uniqueness in its visuals, comprising interaction between animism in the Pre-Hinduism era, cultural paradigm of Hinduism-Budhism, Islamic beliefs, and Colonialism. Having observed the visual illustration in the old Javanese manuscripts, it can be deduced that their styles are characterized as decorative, naturalistic, realistic, simple, and deformed.

  19. EKSPLORASI PREFERENSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PEMANFAATAN AYAM LOKAL DI KABUPATEN BOGOR JAWA BARAT

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    Arma Aditya Kartika

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian native chickens consist of indigenous chickens and a chickens originated from abroad which adapted and grow in Indonesia. Based on 120 respondents who have been interviewed, there were seven types chicken commonly raised, namely: kampong, bangkok, arab, kate, pelung, gaga’, and birma. People commonly raised native chickens for religion, food, ornamental, and trading purposes. Six of those seven native chickens (86% are reared for trading, five types (71% for ornamental, and four types (57% for egg and meat production purpose. Three types chicken (43% were well-known had the benefits for eggs production. The religious category was the highest ICF value (1.00 followed by food (meat and eggs production category with ICF value by 0.98. Arab chicken had the highest Fidelity Level (FL value (70.96% as egg and meat producer. Egg production of arab chicken reached 22.50 egg/period and it was the highest productivity of all experimental chickens. Average flock size per household was 11.31 with a population around 225 chickens/household. Kampong chicken was the most popular to be raised (79.16% followed by bangkok (40.00%, kate (13.33%, gaga’ (10.00%, arab (8.33%, pelung (5.83%, and birma (3.33%. Kampong chicken is a food source and highly used for religion purpose had 38.23% of FL value

  20. ANALISIS JANGKAUAN (OUTREACH LKMS BAGI RUMAHTANGGA MISKIN SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI PERDESAAN BOGOR, JAWA BARAT

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    Yani Mulyaningsih

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Objective of research to acknowledge the hypothesis: outreach islamic microfinance for the poor household of agricultural sector at rural Bogor West Java. The majority of the poor community in Indonesia stay at rural areas. Lack of access credit/financing generally seen as one of the main reasons why many people remain poor. Credit/financing as a powerful instrument to help poor people break out of the vicious cycle because it has the potential to improve income and savings, consequently, enhance capital accumulation, and reinforce high incomes, but providing credit to the poor of agricultural sector in many cases is a very costly activity. Bank isn’t interest to serve it. Hopefully, islamic microfinance institutions reaches to more the poor of agricultural sector. The average loan is the most commonly used to measure the degree of microfinance institutions (MFIs outreach to poor customer segments, but it is very simple. Using the CGAP (Consultative Group to assist the poorest method, the poverty multidimension of islamic microfinance outreach was measured. The result of study showed that islamic MFIs didn’t reach the poor household of agricultural sector at rural Bogor West Java.

  1. Ritual Pengikut Tarekat Shâdhilîyah di Tambak Beras, Jombang-Jawa Timur

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    Abdullah Safik

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to phenomenologically examines the existence of the Shâdhilîyah tarekat supervised by KH. Djamaluddin in Tambak Beras, Jombang. The Shâdhîlîyah tarekat, that had been initiated by Abû Hasan al-Shâdhilî, is an exceptional and consistent in holding and practicing its tawhid principle as well as dhikr rituals. In Indonesia, this tarekat has rapidly evolved. One of its murshid is KH. Abdul Jalil Mustaqim in Tulungagung, the murshid to KH. Djamaluddin. The tarekat has two main doctrines, are: firstly, ‘ubûdîyah realm where its followers are obliged to phisically and mentally obey Allah swt and His messenger, i.e. the prophet Muhammad, in all their sayings and deeds. Secondly, mu‘âmalah aspect where each follower is taught to interact with other people and creatures only for the sake of Allah. It means that the tarekat is a medium of self approaching to Allah. One of special rites (khusûsîyah conducted by this tarekat is an every-Tuesday agenda where dhikr, tawassul, tahlîl, and tahmîd activities are held. Technically, a sâlik when s/he recites dhikr should be followed by breathing in which is concentrated in the navel and going on top through thoracic cavity and coming out through the mouth then retracting it back to tongue.

  2. Melacak Akar Radikalisme Islam di Indonesia

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    Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Radicalism nowadays becomes a popular discourse in Indonesia. The fall of Soeharto in 1998 was also followed by the rise of some groups which enroots their ideology and value with the ideology of Islamic political movement in Middle East. Many authors even connect this phenomenon to terrorism. By those points of view, they try to encounter terrorism by de-radicalizing people and promoting the empowerment of moderate society. But this point of view is argued by some authors who think that terrorism differs from radicalism. It is structural problem –poverty, oppression, political authoritarianism— which implies violence and terror. It leads us to a question: What cause radicalism? This article attempts to analyze the historical and political-economic root of Radical Islam group in Indonesia. By analyzing those problems, we will elaborate the problem of Islamic radicalism in structural perspective of post-New Order Indonesia.

  3. Analisis Industri Pengolahan Susu di Indonesia

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    lim Sanny

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Milk is the main food for all ages. In addition, many products can be made from milk such as food, beverages, cheese, butter, yogurt, etc.. Opportunities milk processing industry in Indonesia is very good, considering that Indonesia with a population based on census 2010 reached 237.6 million people. If viewed from the supply side, current milk production in Indonesia is still very low, the number of dairy farmers around 118.75 thousand breeders. National dairy cow productivity stagnated, the average milk production ranges between 8-12 liters per day, with a scale of 2-3 maintenance per family breeder breeding. In addition, 90% of milk production resulting from farm people, so the quality and productivity cannot fulfill the demand of milk in the country, so most still have to import. 

  4. Fluctuations in Direct Investment in Indonesia

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    Mohamad Taufik

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the effect of interest rate, Gross Domestid Product (GDP per capita, exchange rate Rupiah to U.S.$, net export, tax rate, tax incentives (tax allowances, and ease of service and licensing to FDI in Indonesia during the period 1985-2011. The analysis model used in this study is a multiple regression model of time series data so will know the factors affecting FDI in Indonesia during the period 1985-2011. The result shows that variable interest rate, GDP per capita, exchange rate Rupiah to U.S.$, tax rate, tax incentives (tax allowances, and ease of service and licensing have a significant effect on the entry of FDI in Indonesia, but the net export variable have not a significant effect on the entry FDI.

  5. Reaktualisasi Pengamalan Nilai Pancasila untuk Demokrasi Indonesia

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    Mutiani Mutiani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Pancasila as an integral (comprehensively is a solid supporting to the state established in Indonesia. Pancasila is maintained and developed with the aim to protect and develop the dignity and rights of all citizens of the nation to democracy in Indonesia. Posts in this article aims to explain how the urgency of re-actualization of Pancasila. As a method of this paper is literature study. The writer was conducting Pancasila in the context of political education in Indonesia emphasis on understanding the unity and integrity of the nation and the values listed in UUD 1945 with its main foundation of Pancasila. As the result, therefor, Pancasila is expected to realize the Good and Smart Citizenship, which, law-abiding citizens, to the literacy of citizens to political issues. Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/sd.v2i2.2822

  6. KAJIAN BISNIS FRANCHISE MAKANAN DI INDONESIA

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    Dewi Astuti

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Food franchising business in Indonesia is growing up very fast. Factors that urge the growth are the specific characteristics of franchise inself, the rise of market demand, the availability of skilled labor, the high of return on investment and the internal factors such as the motivation, personality and the changing life style. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Bisnis franchise makanan di Indonesia berkembang dengan cepat. Beberapa faktor yang mendorong pertumbuhannya adalah ciri-ciri dari franchise itu sendiri , meningkatnya daya beli, tersedianya sumber daya dengan keahlian yang dibutuhkan, return on investment yang tinggi serta faktor internal seperti motivasi, kepribadian yang terbuka serta perubahan gaya hidup Kata kunci: franchise, studi pemasaran, studi keuangan.

  7. PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL BAGI MASYARAKAT INDONESIA YANG MAJEMUK

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    Muhiddinur Kamal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The diversity of Indonesia is a national asset which has long been considered by the founders of this nation.  It is thought that being diversity is not a barrier to realize the unity of the Republic of Indonesia.  However, the current state of our nation building indicates that such a spirit has declined as conflicts among the tribes lead to unlawful acts which raise the issues of tribes, tradition or race, and religion.  Education as a tool to resolve problems either as a state or a nation.  As a multicultural country, Indonesia is striving to horizontal conflict which may break the unity.  Multicultural education is, therefore, expected to be able to resolve the national conflicts.Copyright © 2013 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v20i3.42

  8. Governance Obstacles to Geothermal Energy Development in Indonesia

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    Matthew S. Winters

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite having 40 per cent of the world’s potential for geothermal power production, Indonesia exploits less than five per cent of its own geothermal resources. We explore the reasons behind this lagging development of geothermal power and highlight four obstacles: (1 delays caused by the suboptimal decentralisation of permitting procedures to local governments that have few incentives to support geothermal exploitation; (2 rent-seeking behaviour originating in the point-source nature of geothermal resources; (3 the opacity of central government decision making; and (4 a historically deleterious national fuel subsidy policy that disincentivised geothermal investment. We situate our arguments against the existing literature and three shadow case studies from other Pacific countries that have substantial geothermal resources. We conclude by arguing for a more centralised geothermal governance structure.

  9. Penggugusan Provinsi di Indonesia Berdasarkan Kondisi Kesehatan

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    Sabarinah Prasetyo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Untuk melaksanakan penelitian di Indonesia yang dapat mewakili 33 provinsi, sampling bertahap banyak dilakukan, dan tahap awalnya adalah memilih provinsi. Pada penelitian bidang kesehatan, agar provinsi terpilih mewakili kondisi kesehatan penduduk Indonesia, seyogyanya provinsi dikelompokkan berdasarkan variabel terkait kesehatan. Untuk itu, secara statistik dapat dilakukan analisis gugus (cluster analysis memakai data dari berbagai sumber, dengan 27 variabel mencakup prevalensi beberapa penyakit infeksi dan status gizi, akses ke pelayanan kesehatan, status demografi, indeks pembangunan manusia, dan aspek keuangan. Hasil akhir menunjukkan bahwa ada 4 gugus provinsi di Indonesia, pada masing-masing gugus terdapat sebanyak 4, 8, 7, dan 14 provinsi. Proses penggugusan dengan analisis gugus semacam ini dapat diterapkan dengan memakai data yang diperbaharui dan hasilnya dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai salah satu pertimbangan untuk sampling provinsi di Indonesia. Amultistage sampling procedure is often used in conducting a research that represents all 33 provinces in Indonesia, and the first step for the procedure is the sample selection of provinces. In the area of health research, it is recommended that the province selection is based on the stratification of provinces using health related variables. Cluster analysis is a statistical technique possibly employed utilizing data from many sources. In this particular application, it involves 27 important health variables which reflect important communicable diseases and nutritional status, access to health services, demographic situation, human development index, and financial factor. This cluster analysis produces four clusters of province, with each of them comprising of 4, 8, 7, and 14 provinces. This statistical clustering technique of provinces can be implemented and considered in the sampling process of provinces in Indonesia using the updated data.

  10. Indonesia; World Bank assists Second Population Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    Indonesia's First Population Project, funded jointly by the International Development Association and UNFPA, was started in 1972 and provided for construction of service and training facilities, equipment, research and evaluation studies, education, and communication activities. The national family planning program has made progress in the last 20 years. Acceptor and family planning personnel statistics are given. The World Bank has recently awarded Indonesia a loan to fund its Second Population Project, to aid in reaching the goal of a 50% reduction in fertility by 2000.

  11. Policy Implementation Decentralization Government in Indonesia

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    Kardin M. Simanjuntak

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Decentralization in Indonesia is that reforms not completed and until the current implementation is not maximized or have not been successful. The essence of decentralization is internalising cost and benefit' for the people and how the government closer to the people. That's the most important essence of essence 'decentralization’. However, the implementation of decentralization in Indonesia is still far from the expectations. It is shown that only benefits of decentralization elite and local authorities, decentralization is a neo-liberal octopus, decentralization of public services are lacking in character, decentralization without institutional efficiency, decentralization fosters corruption in the area, and quasi-fiscal decentralization.

  12. Internationalization of Psychology Education in Indonesia

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    Sarlito W. Sarwono

    2014-01-01

    Psychology in Indonesia was born from a medical faculty in 1953, a few years after the independence of Indonesia. It was founded primarily to get the right man in the right place that is very urgent at that time after the Dutch colonial government left many vital public and private positions empty. From the time it was born, the Indonesian psychology has moved vice-versa from indigenous psychology to universalism, from East to West, and from qualitative to quantitative methodology. The internationalization process of Indonesian psychology is discussed from the author's personal view.

  13. STRUKTUR EKONOMI, KESEMPATAN KERJA DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Suhartono Suhartono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of article is to analyze the potential economic sectors, opportunity job and disparity income in Central Java. The methods using Location Quotient (LQ, Shift Share and Inequality Index Williamson. The results of LQ analysis shows that threre are potential sectors to be developed in the province of Central Java. They are agriculture, livestock, forestry and fisheries, mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply, communications and transport sector, financial sector, leasing and banking services and the services sector. Shift Share analysis results that in the cities in Central Java province has been a shift or change in the economic structure of the primary sector to tertiary sector. Meanwhile, the calculation of income inequality shows that income inequality between regions in Central Java province is very high, Recommendations addressed to the local government to implement economic development with more attention to aspects of equitable distribution of income.

  14. MORTALITAS DAN MORBIDITAS CEDERA PADA ANAK DI KABUPATEN PROBOLINGGO DAN TULUNGAGUNG-JAWA TIMUR 2005

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    Yuslely Usman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Indonesia, births and deaths are seldom recorded, making basic health indices such as causes and rates of death difficult to know with any real degree of certainty. However, basic data available from National Institute of Health Research and Development-Ministry of Health Indonesia that namely Health National Survey (SURKESNAS shows thirty three percent of people 12-24 years and thirteen percent of people 5-14 years are death due to injury, probability peoples 5-24 year of injury in male is five times from injury female. From this survey the risk factor and hazard of injury did not know. Drowning survey conducted (2003 in 0--5 years (balita shows 0. 7 per 1000 population in rural area and 2.6 per 1000 population in urban area. Knowmg the environmental hazard and risk factor is important thing to make the preventive and awareness of safety and risk avoidance. This survey is conducting on two district in East Java, Probolinggoand Tulung Agung. Research methodology: Two districts was selected according UNICEF project area, namely Tulung Agung District and Probolinggo District. Estimation of total sample was 10,000 HH in each District. Using cluster Proportional Probability to Size (PPS sampling were randomly sub-district and village in rural and urban area. All house hold was in the selected village was selected for sample. A house hold member was defined as a member living in the same house, sharing meal and information, for six month, including domestic helpers, long-term guest etch. Results: In the survey a total number of 784 deaths were identified in the preceding three years, in Tulung Agung District were 411 deaths and 373 in Probolinggo District. In the survey a total number of 304 deaths were identified in the preceding one year. In TulungAgung District were 163 deaths and 139 in Probolinggo District. In this survey, injury accounted for 21% of all classifiable deaths in children aged 1-17 years. Injury caused 5% of infant

  15. PENGENALAN MODEL KEBUN SAYUR SEKOLAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KONSUMSI SAYURAN BAGI PARA SISWA DI KEDIRI - JAWA TIMUR

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    Evy Latifah

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sebagian penduduk mengkonsumsi buah-buahan dan sayuran lebih rendah dari yang direkomendasikan oleh Organisasi Pangan dan Pertanian (FAO. Pada tahun 2005, tingkat konsumsi sayur di Indonesia hanya 35.30 kg/kapita/tahun. Kemudian pada tahun 2006, konsumsi sayuran sedikit menurun menjadi 34.06 kg/kapita/tahun. Berdasarkan hasil kajian Badan Litbang Pertanian, Kementerian Pertanian pada Maret 2013 lalu, tingkat konsumsi buah per kapita hanya 34,55 kg/tahun, sedangkan tingkat konsumsi sayuran per kapita 40,35 kg/tahun. Jika dibandingkan dengan konsumsi buah dan sayur per kapita warga Singapura dan Vietnam melebihi 100 kg/tahun. Konsumsi sayuran perlu ditingkatkan untuk mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap beras. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam rangka mempromosikan peningkatan konsumsi sayur bagi siswa melalui model kebun sayur sekolah. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMK Negeri Plosoklaten selama 2012. Sepuluh jenis sayuran ditanam di lahan seluas 36 m2. Pola tanam diatur sedemikian rupa sehingga sayuran dapat dipanen hampir setiap hari. Siswa terlibat dalam pemeliharaan tanaman sayuran sebagai latihan bercocok tanam sayur. Setiap panen sayuran direkap dan kandungan gizinya dihitung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa total panen berbagai macam sayuran ialah 249.6 kg, yang setara dengan 683.8 gram per hari. Jika sebuah keluarga memiliki empat anggota, masing-masing orang akan mengkonsumsi sayur 171g per hari. Hal ini memenuhi 43% dari rekomendasi WHO untuk konsumsi buah-buahan dan sayuran. Dengan kata lain, konsumsi sayuran telah mencapai 85%. Dengan demikian, sayuran di lahan seluas 36 m2 telah mampu memenuhi konsumsi sayur sehari-hari. Hal ini menunjukkan pemenuhan asupan gizi harian untuk beberapa vitamin dan mikro-nutrisi. ABSTRACT According to Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesian people consume horticultural products especially fruits and vegetables, are still lower than that of recommended by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO

  16. PENGETAHUAN DAN KEBUTUHAN PELAYANAN INFORMASI KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA DI BEBERAPA KOTA BESAR DI JAWA

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    Paiman Soeparmanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Adolescent is the candidate of fertile age couple that will create a family. Knowledge, attitude and behavior of their reproduction at the present will influence the family forms in the future. Adolescent as the candidate of fertile life. The phase of adolescent is signed by the maturity of reproduction instruments. The appear of sexual supporting and curiosity to this age phase needs guidance so can be controlled an does not make a problem that can harm the life of their reproduction next time. The purpose of this study was to observe the level of knowledge, attitude and emotion of adolescent and the health sevices need of adolescent reproduction at some big towns in Indonesia such as, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Surabaya. The sample of this study was 786 students of SMU, SLTP and children who did not get school in the age of 14 until 18 years old. The data was gathered with the questionaire and discussion of directed group. The data analysis was done by compare test with score description on the average and standard cross sectional, percentage and synthetic. The result obtained that showed the adolescent's knowledge about the aspect of reproduction mature sign and infected diseases still about 52-56% whoanswered the questioner correctly and maturity of adolescent's emotion was relative low. The adolescent who was actively be boy and gilrfriends at this study amount 41.1% and begin to be boy and girlfriend amount about 13-14 years old. The way of giving health information of reproduction that is expected by the adolescent namely discussion, hot line service (phone, conseling through the letter and medium such as booklet, leafleat, brochure and poster. The pepople that are expected giving information service to the adolescent is their friend of the same age, teacher, profesional institution, parents and doctor/midwife. The expected material is moral values, law, religion, adolescent development, adolescent intercourse, the health sexual behavior

  17. Population and food problems in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusli, S

    1979-06-01

    This discussion examines the relationship between population growth and food problems in Indonesia and their connection with the total food production requirement particularly of staples or basic foods in the country. In 1976 Indonesia's population numbered about 130 million. The uneven distribution of population by regions is 1 of the outstanding features of Indonesia's demographic situation. The estimates of mortality levels for the period 1961-1971 mostly refer to life expectancies at birth over 40 years. Using 1971 census data Nicoli and Mamas estimated that life expectancy at birth in Indonesia during 1960-1970 was around 45-46 years. Heligman, considering the situation of economics, food, health facilities, and so forth questioned that there was a considerable improvement in mortality levels during the 1960s compared with that in the 1950s. In the 1960-1970 period the infant mortality rate was estimated at about 143/1000 births. The crude birthrate was around 43-44/1000 for the whole of Indonesia over the 1970-1971 period. Currently, Indonesia is implementing a family planning program which the government adopted in 1968. The recent estimate of crude birthrate is about 38/1000. Indonesia's projected population in 1990-1991 ranges from 180-202 million; its range will be from 209-272 million around the year 2000. A wide range of foods is produced in Indonesia, but some are more prominent than others. These are the basic foods such as rice, corn (maize), cassava. The availability of food production per head per year in Indonesia is at this time relatively similar to what it was in the pre World War 2 period, although rice production per head per year has increased in recent years due to wet land extensification and the involvement of Indonesia in the green revolution. Non-rice basic food available per head continues to seem far below that in the pre World War 2 period. Population increase is in part responsible for the deteriorating non-rice basic food available

  18. PEMETAAN DISTRIBUSI KERAMBA JARING APUNG IKAN AIR TAWAR DI WADUK CIRATA, JAWA BARAT DENGAN MULTI TEMPORAL DATA ALOS AVNIR-2

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    I Nyoman Radiarta

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Budidaya ikan air tawar dengan keramba jaring apung (KJA telah memberikan kontribusi yang cukup besar bagi peningkatan produksi perikanan, menyediakan lapangan kerja, dan perbaikan perekonomian masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan pemetaan distribusi keramba jaring apung ikan air tawar di Waduk Cirata, Jawa Barat. Data utama yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah multi temporal data satelit Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS Advance Visible and Near Infrared Radiometer type 2 (AVNIR-2 tanggal 27 Juni 2008 dan 27 September 2008. Validasi data satelit telah dilakukan melalui survei lapangan pada tanggal 17 April 2009. Hasil klasifikasikan data satelit dan estimasi luasan menunjukkan adanya peningkatan luasan KJA dari 892 ha pada bulan Juni 2008 menjadi 949 ha pada bulan September 2008, sedangkan luasan waduk menunjukkan penurunan yaitu 5.839 ha pada bulan Juni 2008 menjadi 4.818 ha pada bulan September 2008. Hasil pemetaan dan estimasi luasan dari penelitian ini berguna sebagai data dasar yang dapat dimanfaatkan untuk perencanaan dan pengelolaan waduk yang lebih baik. Freshwater cage aquaculture is of a great importance to increase aquaculture production, provide employment opportunity and improve rural economy. The aim of this study was to map the distribution of freshwater cage aquaculture in Cirata Reservoir, West Java. The main data source used in this study include a multi temporal satellite data of ALOS AVNIR-2 acquired on Juni 27, 2008 and September 27, 2008. Satellite data were validated through field visit on April 17, 2009. Based on image classification and area estimation, the results show that increasing trend of cage culture area from 892 ha in June 2008 to 949 ha in September 2008. Meanwhile, decreasing trend was observed for reservoir area: 5,839 ha in June 2008 to 4,818 ha in September 2008. Results from this study can be used as a basic information for a better planning and management of the reservoir.

  19. PEMERIKSAAN CACING ENDOPARASIT PADA TIKUS (Rattus spp. DI DESA CITEREUP KECAMATAN DAYEUH KOLOT, KABUPATEN BANDUNG JAWA BARAT 2013

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    Ribia Tutstsintaiyn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIncidence of zoonotic disease, caused by endoparacitic helminth in rats. April 2013, in Citereup - DayeuhkolotBandung, West Java occurred outbreak rat bourne disease. Study of endoparasitic helminth in rats performed asan early warning effort, risk measurement and study of potential hazards. This type of research is descriptivequalitative approach. The data collected by trapping rats and identification rat species and identification of thepresence and type of endoparasites in internal organs. Trapping rats using 100 live traps during three days. Ratsspecies found in this study is Rattus tanezumi and Rattus norvegicus. Endoparasitic helminth identified speciesi.e. Taenia taeniaeformis in the liver, Hymenolepis diminuta in the stomach and intestines. On the intestinalNippostrongilus brassiliensis was also found. All worms were found in this study are zoonotic.Key words: rats, zoonotic, endoparacites helminthABSTRAKKejadian penyakit zoonosis bersumber dari tikus disebabkan oleh adanya endoparasit berupa cacing yang hiduppada tikus. Bulan April 2013, di Desa Citereup Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Baratterjadi Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB leptospirosis. Sebagai salah satu upaya kewaspadaan dini, pengukuranrisiko dan studi potensi bahaya kesehatan penyakit bersumber tikus, perlu di lakukan pemeriksaan endoparasitpada tikus. Jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan denganpenangkapan dan identifikasi tikus, identifikasi keberadaan dan jenis endoparasit pada organ dalam, danidentifikasi spesies yang ditemukan. Penangkapan tikus selama tiga hari menggunakan 100 perangkap. Spesiestikus yang ditemukan Rattus tanezumi dan Rattus norvegicus. Jenis cacing endoparasit yang ditemukan padaorgan hati Taenia taeniaeformis, pada organ lambung dan usus Hymenolepis diminuta, dan Nippostrongilusbrassiliensis ditemukan pada organ usus. Cacing yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini seluruhnya bersifatzoonosis

  20. Kewenangan Bank Indonesia Dalam Likuiditas Bank Umum

    OpenAIRE

    Silvana R

    2008-01-01

    Perbankan merupakan pokok dari sistem keuangan setiap negara, karena perbankan merupakan salah satu motor penggerak pembangunan seluruh bangsa. Krisis perbankan berdampak pada turunnya kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap industri perbankan. Berbagai masalah di sektor perbankan yang tidak terdeteksi secara dini akan mengakibatkan runtuhnya kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap industri perbankan, Skripsi mi mengemukakan bagaimana penilaian kesehatan bank umum yang dilakukan oleh Bank Indonesia, bagai...

  1. Doing Business 2014 Economy Profile : Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; International Finance Corporation

    2013-01-01

    This economy profile presents the Doing Business indicators for Indonesia. In a series of annual reports, Doing Business assesses regulations affecting domestic firms in 189 economies and ranks the economies in 10 areas of business regulation, such as starting a business, resolving insolvency and trading across borders. This year's report data cover regulations measured from June 2012 thro...

  2. Leptocorisa Latreille in Indonesia (Heteroptera, Coreidae, Alydinae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siwi, Sri S.; Doesburg, van P.H.

    1984-01-01

    A review is given of the taxonomy and distribution of the Leptocorisa species in the Indonesian archipelago, primarily based on the material present in the Dutch museums, and on data from the literature. Thirteen species are found to be present in Indonesia: L. acuta (Thunberg), L. ayamaruensis Does

  3. Checklist of woody plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keßler, P.J.A.; Bos, M.M.; Sierra Daza, S.E.C.; Kop, A.; Willemse, L.P.M.; Pitopang, R.; Gradstein, S.R.

    2002-01-01

    Sulawesi comprises of about 182,870 km² of land and fewer botanical specimens (about 23 specimens per 100 km², Whitten et al., 1987) have been collected here than in any other major island in Indonesia. This island is up to date botanically poorly explored and according to Van Steenis (1950) about 3

  4. PERANAN NERACA PEMBAYARAN INTERNASIONAL DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismadiyanti P Astuti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The balance of payments is an indicator of economic fundamentals. Balance of payment describes the ability of a country to gain foreign exchange and foreign payments. This study aimed to analyze the determinants of the balance of payments on the Indonesian economy . It used  Thirlwall and Hussain models and also Duasa empirical model. This study used secondary data years 1987-2014, namely foreign exchange reserves, exports, foreign investment, the exchange rate and the real gross national income. The results showed that the performance of the balance of payments in Indonesia can be explained by the models shown in accordance with the hypothesis, but on several variables did not show a significant correlation. Neraca pembayaran internasional memiliku peranan penting sebagai indikator fundamental perekonomian suatu negara. Hal ini karena neraca pembayaran berkaitan dengan kemampuan suatu negara dalam menyerap devisa dan pembayaran luar negeri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis peranan neraca pembayaran terhadap perekonomian Indonesia yang didekati dengan model Thirlwall dan Hussain dan menganalisis determinan neraca pembayaran Indonesia yang didekati dengan model empiris Duasa. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder tahun 1987-2014 yaitu cadangan devisa, ekspor, penanaman modal asing, nilai tukar dan Pendapatan nasional bruto rill. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa neraca perilaku neraca pembayaran di Indonesia dapat dijelaskan dengan kedua model tersebut yang ditunjukkan dengan kesesuaian dengan hipotesis, namun pada beberapa variabel tidak menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan.

  5. Difficulties in initial algebra learning in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jupri, Al; Drijvers, Paulus; van den Heuvel - Panhuizen, Marja

    2014-01-01

    Within mathematics curricula, algebra has been widely recognized as one of the most difficult topics, which leads to learning difficulties worldwide. In Indonesia, algebra performance is an important issue. In the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007, Indonesian student

  6. Factors Affecting Internationalization of Indonesia Franchise Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwin Halim

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Franchise is one of successful business strategies in business expansion. Franchise format has been already adopted in all countries. The success is proven in the world and also in Indonesia. Franchise system can be implemented not only in franchisor country but also in other countries. The spirit of internalization is not only because of market saturated, but also to increase reputation of franchise companies and to follow competitors or customers. Important thing discussed in this research is the franchise life-cycle, franchise growth model, and franchise companies’ profile.  It is found that the Indonesia franchise companies are in the introduction stage. The stage in life-cycle shows its reputation. This study used literature review as methodology, and the purpose of this study is to give a big picture for Indonesia franchise companies to make internationalization. There are some Indonesia franchise business profiles in the discussion part. The factors affecting franchise internationalization were analyzed by PESTEL analysis. Some strategies should be prepared in making decision to go international.  At the end, there are some recommendations and future research relating to internationalize franchise business.

  7. Seismic risk assessment for road in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyfur, Mona Foralisa; Pribadi, Krishna S.

    2016-05-01

    Road networks in Indonesia consist of 446,000 km of national, provincial and local roads as well as toll highways. Indonesia is one of countries that exposed to various natural hazards, such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, etc. Within the Indonesian archipelago, several global tectonic plates interact, such as the Indo-Australian, Pacific, Eurasian, resulting in a complex geological setting, characterized by the existence of seismically active faults and subduction zones and a chain of more than one hundred active volcanoes. Roads in Indonesia are vital infrastructure needed for people and goods movement, thus supporting community life and economic activities, including promoting regional economic development. Road damages and losses due to earthquakes have not been studied widely, whereas road disruption caused enormous economic damage. The aim of this research is to develop a method to analyse risk caused by seismic hazard to roads. The seismic risk level of road segment is defined using an earthquake risk index, adopting the method of Earthquake Disaster Risk Index model developed by Davidson (1997). Using this method, road segments' risk level can be defined and compared, and road risk map can be developed as a tool for prioritizing risk mitigation programs for road networks in Indonesia.

  8. Astro Talk in Social Media - Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamani, A.; Soegijoko, W.

    2015-03-01

    Social media is a new trend in communicating and connecting to people. It is also a good choice to build awareness of astronomy as issues spread easily and quickly, creating hot topics. This paper will analyze the trend of astro talk in Indonesia and hope to inspire astronomers to use social media in raising awareness.

  9. Difficulties in Initial Algebra Learning in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupri, Al; Drijvers, Paul; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja

    2014-01-01

    Within mathematics curricula, algebra has been widely recognized as one of the most difficult topics, which leads to learning difficulties worldwide. In Indonesia, algebra performance is an important issue. In the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007, Indonesian students' achievement in the algebra domain was…

  10. Kontestasi Kekuasaan dan Keteladanan Semu di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael HB Raditya

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Kepemimpinan di Indonesia merupakan persoalan yang menarik untuk ditelaah. Jika bertolak dari tataran diakronis, secara kronologis Indonesia telah mengalami pelbagai macam fase kepemimpinan dan rezim. Ihwal ini dapat menjadi stimulan positif jika masyarakat dapat mengartikulasikan pengalaman bernegaranya dengan tepat. Kontestasi kekuasaan pun tidak dapat terhindarkan, terlebih setiap pemimpin melakukan persaingan dalam memperebutkan kekuasaan. Kontestasi ini tidak hanya merujuk pada tingkat lokal, namun hingga tingkat nasional. Berbagai aspek pun turut menjadi faktor utama dari kontestasi tersebut, seperti tipe kepemimpinan aristokrasi dan demokrasi, hingga perbedaan gender pemimpinnya. Ihwal tersebut turut mengejewantah kan bahwa keteladanan yang didasarkan atas beberapa kontekstual, bersifat pseudo, atau semu. Dalam mengupas ihwal tersebut, telaah yang digunakan merujuk pada pemahaman Barkerakan agen, dan Gramsci akan hegemoni. Tidak hanya itu, Kouzes dan Posner digunakan untuk menilik parameter keteladanan. Asumsi penulis, keteladanan merupakan unsur yang tercipta untuk menghegomoni agen di dalamnya. Bertolak dari mempertanyakan keteladanan, maka pembahasan akan lebih mempertimbangkan aspek agen, hegemoni dan kuasa. Penulis menyadari bahwa tidak mungkin meneliti semua pola kepemimpinan yang ada di Indonesia, maka rujukan contoh kepemimpinan didasarkan pada beberapa contoh di era kolonial, orde lama, orde baru,dan pemerintahan kini. Penelitian ini mencoba untuk mengupas persoalan keteladanan dalam kepemimpinan yang kerap diunggulkan kepemimpinan yang ada di Indonesia.

  11. Cultural Beliefs about Autism in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riany, Yulina Eva; Cuskelly, Monica; Meredith, Pamela

    2016-01-01

    Cultural beliefs about parenting have an important influence on parenting behaviours, including considerations about appropriate ways to parent children with autism. Although Indonesia has one of the largest and most ethnically diverse populations in the world, little is known about cultural beliefs regarding children with autism within Indonesian…

  12. Child Labor and Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Kis-Katos; R.A. Sparrow (Robert)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractWe examine the effects of trade liberalization on child work in Indonesia. Our estimation strategy identifies geographical differences in the effects of trade policy through district level exposure to reduction in import tariff barriers. We use a balanced panel of 261 districts, based o

  13. Child Labor and Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kis-Katos, Krisztina; Sparrow, Robert

    2011-01-01

    We examine the effects of trade liberalization on child work in Indonesia, identifying geographical differences in the effects of trade policy through district level exposure to reduction in import tariff barriers, from 1993 to 2002. The results suggest that increased exposure to trade liberalization is associated with a decrease in child work…

  14. Indonesia wrestles with its chronic electricity crisis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Newman, N.

    2010-10-15

    Indonesia's attempts to end its many years of power shortages must overcome tough challenges to remedy years of indecision and ensure capacity keeps pace with economic growth. Ten large coal powered stations are being constructed in Java. 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Difficulties in Initial Algebra Learning in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupri, Al; Drijvers, Paul; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja

    2014-01-01

    Within mathematics curricula, algebra has been widely recognized as one of the most difficult topics, which leads to learning difficulties worldwide. In Indonesia, algebra performance is an important issue. In the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007, Indonesian students' achievement in the algebra domain was…

  16. Step-Wise Migration : Evidence from Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pardede, Elda; McCann, Philip; Venhorst, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to study multiple internal migration trajectories in Indonesia, with special attention to step-wise migration. Step-wise migration involves moves with smaller steps from village to nearby small town, to larger town, and then to big cities rather than a direct move from

  17. Developing ‘green’ labour in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunawan, Janti; Fraser, Kym

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a descriptive account of the current state of play in regards to the creation of green jobs in Indonesia. Most countries struggle with the environmental effects of economic and social development, and these effects are of an even greater magnitude in developing countries. Indo...

  18. Public Health and Midwifery in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    JPRS: ^472 21 March 1961 PUBLIC HEALTH AND MIDWIFERY IN INDONESIA 3y M. Joedono DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A Approved for Public Release...established to service the translation and research needs of the various government departments. ,-^’ JPRS: J^72 CSO: 1335-S/d PUBLIC HEALTH AND MIDWIFERY

  19. Labour law and development in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjandra, Surya

    2016-01-01

    This book is about the creation and enforcement of labour law in Indonesia, a topic that reflects the broader processes of social and political change in the country. Its starting point is the notion of the trade union as a crucial institution in any modern industrial capitalist society, with the po

  20. SERO SURVEI DAN ANALISA PENGETAHUAN SIKAP PENJAMAH UNGGAS TERHADAP PENYAKIT FLU BURUNG DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noer Endah Pracoyo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The bird flu in Indonesia actually is Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 type. Is known bird flu virus in Humans occur if direct contact with infected poultry or through contact with environmental enclosure, and the carcasses of infected poultry products. The absence of the data if the handlers of poultry in the cases of bird flu virus has been exposed to the research conducted sero survey of bird flu antibody titers in handlers poultry  attitudes and knowledge of poultry against bird flu incident. The research objective measure antibodies against respondents tirer AI H5N1 virus, assess knowledge and attitudes against bird flu handlers through the interview. The study design was cross sectional. Handlers of poultry population in the region is ever going Extraordinary Cases of bird flu. Samples were responders/poultry handlers venous blood taken for H5N1 antibody titer by Ellisa, H5N1 conducted interviews using a questionnaire. The study used the respondents informed consent agreement. Research time in February to November 2007 in the island of Java. The number of samples of 80 samples of respondents. The results obtained are not found of H5N1 avian influenza antibody titer in responders. The results of the interview most of the handlers to wash Their hands after doing Their job (82.1%. A total of 52.9% residential handlers is more than a mile from where the management of poultry, (69% lived outside market handlers/Abattoir of poultry.Handler to act entered correctly (53.3%% and almost all handlers (97% would bring the patient/patient ill with signs of bird flu infection to health facilities. Keywords: poultry handlers, bird flu virus, knowledge and attitudes of poultry handlers Abstrak Yang dimaksud Flu burung di Indonesia sebetulnya adalah Virus Avian Influenza dengan tipe H5N1. Selama ini diketahui penularan virus flu burung pada manusia terjadi jika kontak langsung dengan unggas yang terinfeksi atau melalui kontak dengan lingkungan kandang

  1. ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF EDUCATION PARTICIPATION INDEX (EPI IN INDONESIA FROM 2003-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustofa Usman

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the research is to reveal the characteristics of the Education Participation Index (EPI in Indonesia based on the level of students’ age (7-12, 13-15, 16-18, and 19-24 which shows the participation index of the citizens at Elementary School, Junior High School, Senior High School and University. The data was taken from Central Bureau Statistics of Indonesia (BPS from the year 2003 to 2008. The data is analyzed to see the difference between the level of ages at difference regions and difference years. And the data was analyzed by using analysis nested design. The second analysis is to find the EPI model for each regions and years. The modeling is used the multiple linear regression with dummy variable for the regions and years.

  2. PERKEMBANGAN INDIKATOR EKONOMI DAN KEMAKMURAN INDONESIA DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN 6 NEGARA TETANGGA PERIODE 2005 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresia Lesmana

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the writer attempts basically to look at the economic indicator from three things, there are output growth rate, unemployment rate and inflation rate. For state prosperity indicator, the writer uses Gross Domestic Product (GDP per capita. Object of this study uses the data from seven countries. They are Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura, Filipina, India and Cina. Economic and state prosperity indicator is viewed from the growth of eight years period from 2005 until 2012. The writer uses secondary data that is available on websites, such as website of International Monetary Fund, Central Statistic Body and etc. The analysis shows that Indonesia is at fourth position for output growth rate, sixth position for unemployment rate, the second position for inflation rate and the highest position for GDP per capita.

  3. Perkembangan Indikator Ekonomi dan Kemakmuran Indonesia Dibandingkan dengan 6 Negara Tetangga Periode 2005-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresia Lesmana

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the writer attempts basically to look at the economic indicator from three things, there are output growth rate, unemployment rate and inflation rate. For state prosperity indicator, the writer uses Gross Domestic Product (GDP per capita. Object of this study uses the data from seven countries. They are Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura, Filipina, India and Cina. Economic and state prosperity indicator is viewed from the growth of eight years period from 2005 until 2012. The writer uses secondary data that is available on websites, such as website of International Monetary Fund, Central Statistic Body and etc. The analysis shows that Indonesia is at fourth position for output growth rate, sixth position for unemployment rate, the second position for inflation rate and the highest position for GDP per capita.

  4. PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKIT-PENYAKIT ZOONOSA NEW, EMERGING DAN RE-EMERGING DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gindo Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Some important zoonotic diseases in Indonesia are Rabies, Plague, Anthrax, Taeniasis/Cysticercosis and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are geographycally distributed in some provinces in Indonesia and each disease have its control program. Other zoonoses which are under intensive surveillance are Toxoplasmosis, Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, bovine Tuberculosis and Haemorrhagic Hanta virosis. These diseases have epidemic potential. Plague known foci are in Boyolali Central Java dan Sleman Yogyakarta. In 1987 after 30 years of dormant period an outbreack of plague occured in Pasuruan, East Java with 48 number of cases and 21 deaths. Intensive surveillance on human, rodent and fleas were conducted in three plague foci. Since 1988 no human case of plague is found in Indonesia eventhough antibody against Y. pestis were found positive in human as well as in rodents. Anthrax is distributed geographycally in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West and East Nusa Tenggara and Timor Timur. Skin and intestinal Anthrax types are to be found in Indonesia. In 1990 on outbreak of anthrax occured in Central Java and 7 out of 98 cases were fatal. Of 154 (27.9% out 553 human sera collected from the provinces of West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North Sumatera and North Sulawesi were found positive against toxoplasmosis during the survey conducted in 1995. From the same provinces 152 (19.2% out of 792 animal sera also were found antibody positive against Toxoplasma gondii. There are about 170 Leptospirosis serotypes known in Indonesia. Leptospirosis is geographycally distributed in Central Java, Yogyakarta, West Java, North Sumatera, Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera, Bengkulu, East Kalimantan. Sporadic outbreaks occured in some provinces related to the lack of washing and drinking water in the dry season. Of 10 (1.8% out 154 serum specimens taken from humans in West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North

  5. Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia-Amerika Serikat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darman Darman

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify and analyze: how international trade relations are between Indonesia and the United States, especially in the export-import of goods, particularly non-oil exports; how the value is obtained from the export-import of goods between Indonesia-United States, whether Indonesian exports to the United States greater than Indonesian import from the United States; who gets the surplus of trade between the two countries; and how big the export-import growth rate is, whether Indonesia tends to become exporter or importer. Data used in this study were a time series of the year 2008-2012. The analytical method used was the growth formula and Trade Specialization Index. Based on the trade balance, the value of Indonesian exports, both oil and non-oil, the United States has a surplus and vice versa. In other words, the United States includes a country of Indonesia's main export, in addition to Japan and China. Value of Trade Specialization Index for both oil and non-oil exports is positive above 0 to 1, then the oil and non-oil commodities have strong competitiveness. Indonesia is likely as a means exporter of the commodity. However, based on 10 major Indonesian export commodities to the United States, as the largest foreign exchange earner for textile examples and textile products, footwear industries, electronic products, furniture, as well as horticultural commodities, is threatened lethargic, because shutdown policy decisions on the government services were feared to reduce consumption of the American people’s imported products.

  6. HABITAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN DAN AKTIVITAS MENGGIGIT NYAMUK ANOPHELES SUNDAICUS DAN ANOPHELES SUBPICTUS DI PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supratman Sukowati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Malaria continues to be a public health problem, it causes morbidity, mortality as well as outbreak in several remote areas in Indonesia. Vector control remains the most effective measure to prevent malaria transmission. The understanding of mosquito species, its bio-ecology, and the characteristic of their habitats are very important to formulate the vector control strategy. It was recognized that there are many aspects of behavior that are directly and indirectly important in the prevention and control of malaria. One of the main cause of malaria control failure due to lack of understanding vector spesies and its bio-ecology.This paper reported the study of breeding places and biting activities of malaria vector Anophles sundaicus and An. subpictus from coastal area of Purworejo area in year 2004. Natural population of anopheline species was sampled from larval survey, landing collection, animal resting collection, resting collection to study the larval habitat, biting activities, resting habit and biting sites. Nine species of anopheline werefound in Jati Malang e.g. An. sundaicus, An. subpictus, An. barbirostris, An. vagus, An. aconitus, An.indefinitus, An. tesselatus, An. nigerrimus, An. annularis. In Gedangan village was found 5 species of Anopheles e.g. An. sundaicus, An. subpictus, An. barbirostris, An. vagus, and An. aconitus.The breeding places of Anopheles spp. are varied, in Jati Malang and Gedangan were found lagoon, brackish water fish-pond, rice field, freshwater fishpond, irrigation channel, and pit hole. Therefore, the breeding places of An. sundaicus and An. subpictus confined in the lagoon and brackish water fish ponds, with its characteristics e.g. water temperature ranges 25,6°C-27,8°C, pH ranges 7,2-7,6, water salinity 3,0-3,4%, and water dept is 20,3 cm-25,2 cm, muddy undergroud, stagnant or slow running water with the water weed mostly green algae (Chlorophyta and lichen.The biting activities of An. sundaicus and An

  7. FAKTOR-FAKTOR PEMBEDA PROVINSI YANG MENGALAMI BEBAN GIZI GANDA (BGG PADA ANAK BALITA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Poedji Hastoety Djaiman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTDouble burden malnutrition (DBM is a phenomenon in some developing countries, including Indonesia. In the last decades, data from several countries showed an increased in the prevalence of severe malnutrition as well as over nutrition. Several factors are assumed to be associated potentially with DBM in provinces. The objective of this analysis was to determine 13 variables related to food consumption, education, socio-economic status that can predict which provinces experienced BGG in Indonesia. The data used for the analysis were secondary data from National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD and Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS. Samples of this study were 33 provinces in Indonesia where Riskesdas 2010 conducted. Dependent variables were provinces experienced DBM and non-DBM. Those data were analyzed usingdiscriminant analysis. The result showed that 7 of 33 provinces (21,2% in Indonesia experienced DBM. Bivariate analysis found that dependency ratio (dependency rate and total fertility rate (TFR were associatedsignificantly (p=0,027 and p=0,02 to province with DBM. However, among some variables that had been analyzed, multivariate analysis showed only dependency ratio significantly associated with DBM which contribute 14.9 percent to DBM. The study concluded that dependency ratio was a good predictor of province in Indonesia experiencing DBM. Alternative policy in dealing with province experiencing DBM is decreasing dependency ratio by improving the four pillars of nutrition policy, which are sustainable food security, food safety, healthy lifestyles, and proper nutrition.Keywords: double burden malnutrition, underfive childrenABSTRAKBeban gizi ganda (BGG adalah fenomena yang terjadi di beberapa negara berkembang, termasuk Indonesia. Data dari beberapa negara menunjukkan adanya peningkatan prevalensi gizi buruk serta gizi lebih secara bersamaan. Hal tersebut diasumsikan terkait beberapa variabel, yang diduga

  8. INFLASI DI INDONESIA : SUMBER-SUMBER PENYEBAB DAN PENGENDALIANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adwin Surja Atmadja

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The monetary crisis that happens among the ASEAN countries including Indonesia has cause the broken of the national economical aspects. The monetary crisis causes the imported inflation, which is the result of the sharp depreciation of rupiah exchange rate toward the foreign exchange rate. This condition can cause the heavy inflation pressure for Indonesia. The inflation phenomenon in Indonesia actually is not the short-term phenomena. That is only happens incidentally. In fact, the same general problem also happens in others developing countries. The inflation problem in Indonesia is the kind of long-term inflation that caused by the structural of economic obstacles that still occur in Indonesia. As the result, the reconstruction of inflation problem in Indonesia is not enough to be accomplished only with monetary instruments, which usually tend to be in short-term. Therefore, the reconstruction in the real sector with the main target to eliminate the nation structural economic obstacles also needed in order to improve the national economy of Indonesia. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Krisis moneter yang melanda negara-negara ASEAN, termasuk Indonesia, telah menyebabkan rusaknya sendi-sendi perekonomian nasional. Krisis moneter menyebabkan terjadinya imported inflation sebagai akibat dari terdepresiasinya secara tajam nilai tukar rupiah terhadap mata uang asing, yang selanjutnya mengakibatkan tekanan inflasi yang berat bagi Indonesia. Fenomena inflasi di Indonesia sebenarnya semata-mata bukan merupakan suatu fenomena jangka pendek saja dan yang terjadi secara situasional, tetapi seperti halnya yang umum terjadi pada negara-negara yang sedang berkembang lainnya, masalah inflasi di Indonesia lebih pada masalah inflasi jangka panjang karena masih terdapatnya hambatan-hambatan struktural dalam perekonomian negara. Dengan demikian, maka pembenahan masalah inflasi di Indonesia tidak cukup dilakukan dengan menggunakan instrumen-instrumen moneter saja

  9. PEMETAAN POTENSI PANAS BUMI (GEOTHERMAL UNTUK MENDUKUNG PROGRAM ENERGI NASIONAL JAWA TIMUR (STUDI KASUS : G. LAMONGAN, KAB. PROBOLINGGO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kukuh Danu Permadi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kondisi geologi Indonesia yang terletak pada tiga pertemuan lempeng tektonik memberikan kontribusi nyata akan ketersediaan energi panas bumi di Indonesia. Manifestasi panas bumi yang berjumlah tidak kurang dari 244 lokasi, dari potensi tersebut baru 4% yang telah dikembangkan. Selain itu dengan adanya MP3EI (Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia tahun 2011 diharapkan bisa digunakan sebagai rencana jangka panjang.Pemantauan hasil yang terbaik diperlukan dalam melakukan analisa untuk pengamatan daerah potensi panas bumi. Analisa tersebut menggunakan citra satelit Landsat 7. Dengan  menggunakan algoritma NDVI, spectral radiance, brightness temperature, dan laplacian matrix untuk menentukan suatu anomaly dari adanya potensi panas bumi pada daerah penelitian, dengan waktu penelitian pada bulan Jul 2009i. Dengan adanya MP3EI maka akan ada suatu arahan secara nasional dalam pengembangan menuju Indonesia yang lebih sejahtera. Daerah penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah wilayah Kabupaten Probolinggo dan sekitarnya.Dari hasil pengolahan data dan analisa didapatkan korelasi antara indeks vegetasi dengan ketinggian bernilai 0.09, korelasi antara indeks vegetasi dengan  suhu permukaan bernilai 0.34, korelasi antara ketinggian dan suhu permukaan bernilai -0.56. Dari penampakan secara geologi pun terdapat suatu patahan yang membelah lokasi penelitian dan berada di sebelah timur ke utara dimana dari anomaly yang terlihat dari 4 variabel ini menunjukkan adanya potensi panas bumi yang bisa dimanfaat untuk bidang makanan minuman, perkapalandan peralatan transportasi sesuai dengan MP3EI. Uji klasifikasi yang dilakukan bernilai 83,67%, yang menunjukkan klasifikasi lahan pada citra mempresentasikan kondisi sesungguhnya. Data hasil analisis dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan referensi penelitian selanjutnya.

  10. Gambaran Pola Makan Suku Melayu Dan Suku Jawa Di Desa Selemak Kecamatan Hamparan Perak Kabupaten Deli Serdang Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, Irma

    2012-01-01

    Indonesia consists of the various of ethnic. Each ethnic has different culture each other. The culture is one of the factors which can affect the food pattern. Each food pattern can affect the health of human being. The objective of this study to determine a traditional food pattern on Malay and Java ethnic groups in Selemak Village, Hamparan Perak Sub district, Deli Serdang Regency for 2012. This study adopted descriptive survey, which is done on 80 families which consists of 41 Malay eth...

  11. 78 FR 13325 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ...-815] Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia... frozen warmwater shrimp from the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia... of China,Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of...

  12. Seasonal distribution of anti-malarial drug resistance alleles on the island of Sumba, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asih, P.B.; Rogers, W.O.; Susanti, A.I.; Rahmat, A.; Rozi, I.E.; Kusumaningtyas, M.A.; Dewi, R.M.; Coutrier, F.N.; Sutamihardja, A.; Ven, A.J.A.M. van der; Sauerwein, R.W.; Syafruddin, D.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Drug resistant malaria poses an increasing public health problem in Indonesia, especially eastern Indonesia, where malaria is highly endemic. Widespread chloroquine (CQ) resistance and increasing sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) resistance prompted Indonesia to adopt artemisinin-based com

  13. DESKRIPSI PERBEDAAN FONOLOGI BAHASA -BAHASA DI WILAYAH BARAT PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Junawaroh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Study description phonology differences in the western region of Central Java Province include Javanese and Sundanese used side by side in the region of Brebes and Cilacap . In the study dialectology , phonology deskription serves to illustrate the differences and variations correspondence contained in the observation point. For the western region of Central Java province contained the correspondence was perfect and less than perfect correspondence . Perfect correspondence in the form of correspondence sound b- w . Correspondence less than perfect form of correspondence h- Ø , In addition , there are also variations consonants d-n, h-k , h-ng , h-s , g-k , w-c , K-  Ø and vocal variety , i-e , u-o , u-a ,VV - V ,V - Ø.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN KAPABILITAS KOLABORASI DINAMIS UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KINERJA BISNIS KOPERASI JASA KEUANGAN SYARIAH DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faqih Nabhan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the last two decades, there has been controversy over the influence of collaborative partnerships on the performance of the organization. At the practical level, the low number of mudaraba and musharaka practices in the financing on Islamic financial institutions shows the significancy of conceptual frameworks in developing organizational capability in conducting collaborative partnerships that can improve the performance of Islamic financial institutions. Through in-depth theoretical and empirical study, it can be presented a conceptual model of the dynamic collaboration capabilities to enhance the business performance of Islamic financial institutions. The population was Islamic Financial Services Cooperatives in Central Java with 151 respondents spread over several districts and cities in Central Java. The study used purposive sampling and Structural Equation Model (SEM to analyze the data.

  15. Faktor Risiko Dominan Penderita Stroke di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lannywati Ghani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Stroke tends to increase and becomes the first leading cause of death as well as disability in Indonesia that impact in socioeconomy. Stroke is preventable through early detection and control of risk factors. This study aimed to assess the dominant risk factors of stroke in Indonesia. Analysis was done using secondary data of a cross sectional study called Indonesian Basic Health Research (Riskesdas 2013. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17 software by complex samples. A total of 722,329 subjects aged 15 years and over were included. Stroke prevalence was 1.21%, no difference by sex but increased along with the age. People aged 55 years and over were at higher risk of stroke with adjusted OR of 5.8 (5.32; 6.32, p 0.0001 compared to aged 15-44 years old. The other risk factors were coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart failure. Those were 3.13, 2.96, 2.87, and 2.74 times respectively compared to people without related conditions. Stroke occurred since younger age. The dominant risk factors of stroke in Indonesia were older age, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and heart failure. Healthy behavior and early detection of risk factors should be encouraged to prevent stroke.Keywords : stroke, risk factor, Basic Health Research (RiskesdasAbstrakStroke semakin meningkat dan merupakan penyebab kematian serta kecacatan tertinggi di Indonesia yang berdampak secara sosioekonomi. Penyakit stroke dapat dicegah dengan deteksi dini dan pengendalian faktor risiko. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh faktor risiko dominan penderita stroke di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dari Survei Riset Kesehatan Dasar Indonesia tahun 2013. Analisis data menggunakan SPSS 17 dengan complex sample. Dari 722,329 responden usia ≥ 15 tahun, didapat prevalensi penderita stroke sebesar 1,21%, proporsi tidak berbeda antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Risiko stroke meningkat seiring meningkatnya usia. Responden

  16. PERBANDINGAN PENGHASILAN TABUNGAN MUDHARABAH NASABAH BANK SYARIAH (Studi Kasus pada Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Negara Indonesia Syariah, dan Bank Muamalat Indonesia di Makassar)

    OpenAIRE

    ALIMULA, YULIANA

    2014-01-01

    2014 Perbandingan Penghasilan Tabungan Mudharabah Nasabah Bank Syariah (Studi Kasus pada Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Negara Indonesia Syariah, dan Bank Muamalat Indonesia di Makassar) Profit Sharing Comparison of Mudharabah Saving of Islamic Banking (A Case Study at Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Negara Indonesia Syariah, and Bank Muamalat Indonesia in Makassar) Yuliana Alimula Alimuddin Muhammad Ashari Penelitian ini bertujuan un...

  17. ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN KEBIJAKAN KELUARGA BERENCANA DI JAWA TIMUR, BALI DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Sri Budisuari

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The family of plan program were represent one of the effort protection problem of society where The family of plan program also is shares the in wrought in national development program and aim to to have a share to create economic prosperity, spiritual and cultural social resident of Indonesia, that the reachable good balance which ably the national produce. The national family of plan program in this time, just one from effort family of plan, namely the pregnancy separation with [gift/giving] intrauterine contraception device. The SDKI data 2002-2003 depict that 57% woman of status marry in this time hence contraception way of KB modern, 4% in traditional. Percentage of woman hence contraception storey; level from 50% in year 1991 become 57% in year 1997. Intrauterine device of which at most wear is injection 28%, pill 13%, intrauterine device the Gracious 6%. According to SDKI 1997 proportion drop out participant family of plan discontinuation rate is 24% reason of stop is 10% because side effects/reason of health, 6% because wish the pregnancy again, 3% because failure Intention of analysis. Methods: this analysis to descriptive of 1 to know the execution of serviceThe family of plan program in storey; level sub-province/town era decentralization with the possibility the happening of change of organization chart according to PP 8 year 2003, 2 to know influence of change organization chart BKKBN to service The family of plan program in storey; level province and sub-province. 3 to know the role and function stakeholder in execution policy of service The family of plan program method of research: represent the research eksploratif, which execute [at] 3 province: East Java, bali and Kalimantan Middle. Results: Result of research is execution and influence of service. The family of plan program in storey; level sub-province/town in province East Java, bali and kalimantan Middle, [at] era decentralization with the happening of change

  18. General Rainfall Patterns in Indonesia and the Potential Impacts of Local Seas on Rainfall Intensity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Soo Lee

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between observed rainfall, El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO and sea surface temperature (SST variations in the Pacific and Indian Oceans were analyzed using a 1° latitude–longitude grid over Indonesia. The Global Summary of the Day rainfall records provide 26 years of rainfall data (January 1985 to August 2010 for 23 stations throughout the Indonesian islands. The ENSO and SST variations were calculated using the Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO, NINO1 + 2, NINO3, NINO3.4, NINO4, the Dipole Mode Index (DMI for the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD, and Indian Ocean Basin-wide (IOBW index. The results show that the rainfall in the southern Sumatra and southern Java Islands, which face the Indian Ocean, was positively correlated with the negative IOD, whereas the rainfall in northwestern Sumatra was positively correlated with the positive IOD. In eastern Indonesia, the rainfall was positively correlated with La Niña. The PDO index was also strongly correlated with the rainfall in this region. In central Indonesia, seasonal variations due to monsoons are predominant, and the rainfall exhibited strong negative and positive correlations with the MEI and NINO.WEST, respectively, indicating that high rainfall occurred during strong La Niña episodes. The highly negative and positive correlations with the MEI and NINO.WEST, respectively, in central Indonesia led us to analyze the impacts of Indonesian seas on the rainfall in the region. Using four synoptic-scale scenarios, we investigated the relative residence time of Indonesian seawater along the pathways associated with the Pacific-Indian hydraulic head difference. The results show that when both the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans are warm (positive NINO.WEST and negative DMI, the rainfall intensity over central Indonesia is strongest. This increase is explained by the relationship between the residence time of Indonesian seawater and the

  19. KONTINUITAS DAN PERUBAHAN MAKNA LAGU KEBANGSAAN INDONESIA RAYA

    OpenAIRE

    Wisnu Mintargo

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to analyze function of “heroic” Indonesia songs related to the struggle for Indonesian independence ( from 1945 to 1949) from a historical perspective. Through this analysis it is hoped that the process of the past, particularly the history of music development in Indonesia and the background of the use of the “heroic”Indonesia songs, can be reconstructed. Important aspects of Indonesian songs, as this paper shows, include a constructive function for ceremo...

  20. 印尼库特盆地深海区中北部沉积波动与油气分布特征%Sedimentary undation and hydrocarbon distribution features in northern and central deep-sea area of Kutei Basin,Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宝年; 金之钧

    2015-01-01

    The relationiship between sedimentary undation and hydrocarbon distribution in the formations above the mid-Miocence in northern and central deep-sea area of Kutei Basin,Indonesia,was idnetified through Milankovitch cycles da-ting of single wells,construction of chronostratigraphic framework,and calculatin of sedimentation rates in the study area. Four major undation periods(about 6,3.7,1.85 and 0.4 Ma) that had important relationships with hydrocarbon reser-voiring and distribution were recognized on fine sedimentation rate curves by using geological wave filtering methods.The undation period during 6 Ma was considered to control the formation of two plays( upper and lower) .The upper play had the lower Pliocene-the Upper Miocene sandstone as the reservoirs and the bottom Lower Pleistocene-the middle Pliocene mudstone as the caprocks.And the lower play had the lower Upper Miocene-the top Middle Miocene as the reseservoirs and the middle Upper Miocene mudstone as the caprocks.Other undation periods also contributed to the development of reservoirs and caps controlled by the 6 Ma period.The undation period of 0.4 Ma was the long-eccentricity cycles among Milankovitch cycles and the major controlling factor for the formation of high-frequency sedimentary cycles.The study also shows that hydrocarbon distribution was controlled by the caprocks in the study area.All areas where favorable caprocks jointly controlled by the undation periods of 6 Ma and 3.7 Ma superimpose have oil/gas discoveries or abnormal seismic reflections.%对印尼库特盆地深海区中北部中中新统以上地层开展沉积波动分析及波动与油气分布的关系研究,应用米兰科维奇旋回地层定年方法对研究区内的单井地层进行定年,建立精细地层年代格架,并计算精细沉积速率曲线。应用地质滤波法从精细沉积速率曲线中提取出周期分别约为6,3.7,1.85和0.4 Ma的4个主要波动,它们与成藏要素的形成及油气

  1. Geographical Assessment of Rickettsioses in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widjaja, Susana; Williams, Maya; Winoto, Imelda; Farzeli, Arik; Stoops, Craig A; Barbara, Kathryn A; Richards, Allen L; Blair, Patrick J

    2016-01-01

    To expand the documentation of rickettsioses in Indonesia, we conducted an ectoparasite and small mammal investigation involving four major islands: Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Kalimantan. Coastal and highland regions on each island surveyed were chosen to represent different ecologies in Indonesia. Indication of the presence of Rickettsia spp. was evident in all areas sampled. Typhus group rickettsiae-specific antibodies had significantly higher prevalence among small mammals captured in Java compared to the other islands surveyed (78% in coastal and 50% in highland regions) and the prevalence of spotted fever group rickettsiae-specific antibodies was significantly higher in Kalimantan than the other islands investigated. Hosts and vectors were restricted by Rickettsia spp. but not by coastal or highland regions. Our findings expand the range in which rickettsial pathogens have been documented within the Indonesian archipelago and point to a significant risk to human health.

  2. Indonesia: Nation-building and democratic governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Montobbio

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The constitution of a state in democracy and development in what is Indonesia today is just one of the possible stories of History. To explain what has made it possible and what will determine Indonesia’s future and transformations, this paper offers an approach to the structuring axis of Indonesia’s national construction; it also analyses the process that led to the replacing of the political regime established by Sukarno after independence by Suharto’s “New Order”, and its consolidation and crisis, which subsequently led to political transition, then to the present democratic regime in consolidation and to the overcoming of Indonesia’s historical challenges. The paper concludes with an analysis of the current situation and the challenges Indonesia faces in the future.

  3. Perilaku Inflasi 33 Propinsi di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Dian Saraswati

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the effect of food prices and the factors of demand side on the inflation rate in the 33 provinces in Indonesia. Using fixed effect panel data regression model, our result show that inflation in 33 provinces in Indonesia are caused by demand-side factors ( gross regional domestik product and government expenditure as well as supply-side factors, namely food prices in this case the price of rice. The policy implication of this study is that monetary policy by controlling the money supply is still effective for achieving the goal of price stability. However, monetary policy alone will not be effective to achieve the inflation target. Required policy coordination among agencies or departments in order to ensure the availability of basic necessities such as rice commodities.

  4. Mutation breeding in sorghum in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soeranto, H.; Razzak, M.T. [Center for Research and Development of Isotope and Radiation Technology, Batan (Indonesia); Nakanishi, Tomoko M.

    2001-05-01

    Sorghum has a big potential to be grown and developed in Indonesia. The objective of this research is to produce new sorghum variety to improve sorghum production for supporting the development of sorghum agroindustry in Indonesia. The lethal dose 50% (LD-50) value for sorghum was found to be 0.73 kGy. The dose of 0.4 kGy gave the highest variance for plant height and harvest index. Selection in the generating M2, M3 and M4 populations resulted to some promising lines, especially ET20-B, with desirable agronomic characteristics, big and condense head, high yielding, white and clean color of seeds, and good nutrition values. (author)

  5. TELAAH GAYA ARSITEKTUR MEDITERANIA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy H. Istanto

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last decade of 1990' s, the style of architecture takes after the architectural style of Mediterranean. This style has invited a strong polemic against the name it bears. Is Mediterranean spanning the three continents appropriate of representing the name of Mediterranean-style ? This paper will discuss about the historical development of this Architectural style and its physical elements. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Gaya arsitektur yang marak di Indonesia pada dasawarsa akhir tahun 1990-an adalah gaya arsitektur Mediterania. Gaya arsitektur ini mengundang polemik tentang nama yang disandangnya, apakah kawasan Mediterania yang meliputi tiga benua itu layak mewakili nama gaya arsitektur Mediterania ?. Makalah ini membahas perjalanan Gaya Arsitektur ini dan elemen-elemen fisikalnya. Kata kunci : gaya arsitektur Mediterania, elemen-elemen fisikal.

  6. Indonesia and the touch of refinement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, J.; Hoften, S. van; Nickell, R.E.; Horne, D.A. (Anatech Applications, La Jolla, CA (United States))

    1994-01-01

    SGI's Liquids from Coal (LFC) process converts low-rank coals into coal derived liquid (CDL) process derived fuel (PDF). A demonstration plant owned and operated by Encoal Corp. in Gillette, Wyoming has been testing low-rank coal from the US and around the world in an effort to identify opportunities for upgrading subbituminous and lignite coals. East Asia and the Pacific Rim present the most attractive opportunities. Indonesia, in particular has an abundance of low grade coal and a growing demand for electricity. The article reports on results of testing some thirteen different Indonesian coals from South Sumatra and Kalimantan to determine the technical feasibility of LFC processing these coals and presents hypothetical example of an LFC Clean Coal Refinery complex in Indonesia producing both PDF and LFC co-products for export. The article contains some detail of LFC coal evaluation procedures used by SGI. 6 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  7. REVIEW: The Diversity of Indigenous Honey Bee Species of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOESILAWATI HADISOESILO

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been known that Indonesia has the most diverse honey bee species in the world. At least five out of nine species of honey bees are native to Indonesia namely Apis andreniformis, A. dorsata, A. cerana, A. koschevnikovi, and A. nigrocincta. One species, A. florea, although it was claimed to be a species native to Indonesia, it is still debatable whether it is really found in Indonesia or not. The new species, A. nuluensis, which is found in Sabah, Borneo is likely to be found in Kalimantan but it has not confirmed yet. This paper discusses briefly the differences among those native honey bees.

  8. PENCAPAIAN TUJUAN MDGs BIDANG KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafrawati Syafrawati

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Millenium Development Goals (MDGsyang kalau di Bahasa Indonesiakan menjadi Tujuan Pembangunan Milenium (TPM, adalah suatu rancangan pembangunan millenium yang disepakati oleh Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi (KTT Milenium Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa (PBB bulan September 2000. Konferensi ini dihadiri oleh 189 negara anggota termasuk Indonesia.MDGs mempunyai 8 tujuan yang memiliki satu atau beberapa target yang harus tercapai pada tahun 2015 dengan dasar situasi dunia pada tahun 1990.

  9. Accreditation System in Indonesia(JSME NEWS)

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Comparison between accreditation systems of university study programs in Japan and Indonesia is very briefly described in this article. BAN-PT and JABEE have been establishing their accreditation systems, which contain ABET criteria, namely criteria of learning process and student outcomes as their basic components as well as the other criteria for their own missions. Therefore, both the accreditation systems are not substantially different from each other. However, apparent disparity of both...

  10. PERBANDINGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Haryanto, Budi

    2016-01-01

    Islamic education as a subsystem which cannot be separated from national education, because it not only serves as a complement but also as the foundation stone for the formulation of national education goals. This is true in Indonesia and Malaysia. Islamic education in both countries, also affected the national struggle journey, to the efforts to maintain and develop its existence after the independence so as to have a clear role in mental strengthen human resources in their respective countr...

  11. Transnational Crime and Security Threats in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    coordinated patrols by Indonesia, Malaysia , and Singapore, along with increased security on vessels have sparked a dramatic downturn in piracy according to...for instance, has the second largest 11 rate of deforestation globally, comprising 14.53% of annual global deforestation . Myanmar is fourth...from an environmental sustainability perspective. A range wildlife are facing extinction, while logging leads to major issues of deforestation

  12. Restructuring the Schoolbook Provision System in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedi Supriadi

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Schoolbooks account for between 65% and 75% of all publishing activity in Indonesia. The amount of money allocated is continually increasing. Priority is given to the primary and junior secondary school levels (6+3 years, which are compulsory. Between 1969 and 1988, the Government of Indonesia (GOI has produced some 550 million primary textbooks and library books. Up to the year 2000, the GOI has decided to allocate the total of US$ 355.2 million to produce 250 million copies of primary and junior secondary school textbooks to reach the ratio of one book for each student. In addition, around Rp 20-50 billion (US$ 10-20 million annually is spent to purchase 8-17 million copies of reading books which are aimed at stimulating the reading interest of primary school children. These books are distributed free to some 168,000 primary and 26,969 junior secondary schools throughout Indonesia. Following the massive efforts to increase book availability at schools, some innovative policies are being taken. Book evaluation standards have been improved to ensure that only high quality books are used at schools. The distribution system has been restructured to guarantee that books reach targeted schools. Consequently, the book monitoring system has had to be strengthened to examine whether or not the books really reach the schools and are used properly by students and teachers in the classrooms. In the last three years, there has also been a growing concern with multicultural issues in schoolbook provision programs. In such a culturally diverse nation as Indonesia, schoolbooks should also be culturally sensitive and be recognize the varied sociocultural backgrounds which affect students' learning.

  13. Environmental Effects Of Ecotourism In Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Butarbutar; Soemarno Soemarno

    2013-01-01

    The ecotourism is global issues who most talked lately in Indonesia, it is one of the activities special tourist interest which low impacts on natural tourism.The presence of ecotourism in the era of sustainable and tourism development mission should be minimum negative impacts, both on the environment resources and on socio-cultural local values.  Ecotourism activities were more oriented on the utilization of natural resources, the natural ecosystems and have not been polluted yet.  However,...

  14. The Democratic Constitutional State of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pan Mohamad Faiz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The political reform in Indonesia started in 1998 when President Soeharto was forced to resign from his presidential office after 32 years in power. This momentum has transformed Indonesian political culture from an authoritarian state to the third largest democracy in the world after India and United States. It also led to Indonesian constitutional reform which was marked by the amendments of 1945 Constitution for the first time in 1999.

  15. Perancangan dan Pembuatan Aplikasi Visualisasi 3D Interaktif Masjid Agung Jawa Tengah Menggunakan Unity3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irham Fa'idh Faiztyan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Previously, people who want to visit a tourist attraction should come to that place. If you can’t visit it normally, you can only read or heard from a source. Therefore made 3-dimensional visualization application. The object to be visualized in this research is Great Mosque of Central Java. This application aims to facilitate the introduction of the Great Mosque of Central Java. This application is created using Unity3D and Sketchup software, where the programming language used is UnityScript and JavaScript. The design phase made using Multimedia Development Life Cycle, and then proceed with the design using Flowchart. Implementation phase is done by implementing a 3D model and program implementation. The testing phase is done with a black-box method, as well as testing of the frame rate per second, memory and processor usage, how long rendering process, and user testing. The results show that this application runs well on Windows operating systems. Buttons and functions within the application has been running well with the respective functionality. From the test results on the application of the Great Mosque of Central Java visualization can be shown that the process of rendering both real time and non real time rendering requires a high performance from graphics card and processor. Based on the testing that has been done, the application is quite easy to run by the user, the objects that exist in the application is quite similar to the original object, and this application provides benefits to its users.

  16. SURVEY DAN ANALISIS SEISMISITAS WILAYAH JAWA TIMUR BERDASARKAN DATA GEMPA BUMI PERIODE 1999-2013 SEBAGAI UPAYA MITIGASI BENCANA GEMPA BUMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jihan Nia Shohaya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Kajian kegempaan suatu wilayah terutama di daerah rawan gempa bumi seperti Jawa Timur sangat diperlukan dalam rangka mengurangi dampak yang ditimbulkan akibat bencana gempa bumi. Dalam konteks ini, dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk menganalisis tingkat seismisitas di wilayah Jawa Timur antara tahun 1999-2013 yaitu dengan menganalisis hubungan antara frekuensi kejadian gempa bumi (N dan magnitudo gempa bumi (M. Rumus umum yang digunakan, yaitu log N = a – bM. Gradien persamaan ini atau nilai b merupakan parameter tektonik yang menggambarkan sifat batuan pada daerah yang diteliti sedangkan nilai a menggambarkan aktivitas tektonik wilayah yang diamati. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan data sekunder parameter gempa bumi dari bank data seismologi IRIS dengan magnitudo 4,0-10,0 SR pada kedalaman 0-200 km yang berlokasi antara 110o-115o BT dan 5o-10o LS. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dengan metode maximum likelihood, didapatkan besarnya parameter seismisitas untuk wilayah 1 diperoleh nilai a sebesar 11,7 dan nilai b sebesar 1,86. Sementara untuk wilayah 2 diperoleh nilai a sebesar 9,69 dan nilai b sebesar 1,49. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa wilayah 1 memiliki tingkat seismitas yang lebih besar dibandingkan wilayah 2. Sedangkan nilai b pada kedua wilayah relatif sama. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa batuan pada wilayah Jawa Timur memiliki heterogenitas yang rendah. Kata kunci : Seismisitas, Gempa Bumi, Jawa Timur Abstract Studying about seismicity pattern, especially in earthquake prone areas such as East Java is needed in order to reduce the impact caused by the earthquake. This research is analyze the level of seismicity and the return period of earthquakes by analyzing the relationship between the frequency of occurrence of earthquakes (N and the earthquake magnitude (M. The main formula is log N = a - bM, gradient equation or b value describes the nature of tectonic rocks of observed regions, and a value describes the

  17. KEPUASAN PETERNAK MITRA TERHADAP KEMITRAAN MODEL CONTRACT FARMING USAHA TERNAK BROILER DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT DAN BANTEN

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    Hendra Wijaya

    2014-04-01

    antar strata yang diteliti, antara peternak mitra yang telah lama mengikuti kerja sama kemitraan dengan SBU Kemitraan Region Jawa Barat memiliki indeks kepuasan yang lebih baik (49% dibandingkan dengan peternak mitra yang baru mengikuti kerja sama kemitraan (47%. Implikasi manajerial untuk meningkatkan kepuasan mitra sangat terkait dengan skema kontrak kemitraan, day old chick, pakan, obat-obatan, dan pembayaran yang tepat waktu.Kata kunci: kepuasan, contract farming, broiler, kualitas produk,  kualitas pelayanan

  18. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KEBERHASILAN IMPLEMENTASI ERP UNTUK MEMBANGUN KEUNGGULAN BERSAINGPADA UKM DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Mudiantono .

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise Resource Planning is an integrated software applied in the organization. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence the successful implementation of ERP in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs in Central Java to build competitive advantage. The hypothesis were tested by SEM to 107 respondents. Results of data analysis proved that the variable Business Process Reengineering was the most impact. It recommended that small and medium entrepreneurs to learn and consolidate prior efforts to reengineer its business before applying ERP.

  19. Permasalahan Kelembagaan Pemanfaatan Waduk Darma untuk Kegiatan Budidaya Keramba Jaring Apung di Kabupaten Kuningan Jawa Barat

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    Amelia Indah Hermawaty

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Darma Reservoir is one of water resources in Kuningan that potentially used to fulfill needs for clean water. In Darma Reservoir, there are many Keramba Jaring Apung. But, Keramba Jaring Apung (KJA is not appropriate to PP Number 37 Year 2010. The KJA is increase massive impact on environmental degradation around Darma Reservoir. Institutional utilization Darma suspected to be the root of the problem that needs to be studied. This study was analyze the problems of institutional bertujun Darma use for fishing activities Jamba Floating Cage (KJA in Kuningan regency, West Java. Qualitative approach is used in this study are supported by data from interviews to the national and local governments and farmers KJA. KJA are increasingly massive impact on environmental degradation around Darma Reservoir. Institutional utilization Darma suspected to be the root of the problem that needs to be studied. This study has an objective to analyze the problems of Darma institutional correlates to fishing activities Jamba Floating Cage (KJA in Kuningan regency, West Java. The results showed that the use of institutional Darma not going well seen from the aspect of policies, roles and responsibilities, and coordination stakeholders. From the aspect of the policy, there is overlapping of regulations between the central government and local governments, there is no licensing procedures shall apply to the activities of KJA, and lack of socialization of policies and rules of the use of cages to the public and relevant institutions. From the aspect of the role and authority, there is a change in the authority of local governments to the central government, human resources to manage Darma Reservoir quality is still low, dab KJA fishing activities which are not well coordinated. Then, from the aspect of coordination, there is no direct coordination between agencies involved in the utilization of reservoirs, Coordination Team Water Resource Management (TKPSDA as a

  20. EFL: REVISITING ELT PRACTICES IN INDONESIA

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    Fernandita Gusweni Jayanti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, we have witnessed a revolutionary spread of English worldwide. This global spread of English can be attributed to the combination of various historical, political, economic, cultural, and technological factors. This led to the emergence of new varieties of English, multiple linguistic and cultural identities. However, for decades, the Western paradigm of English language teaching has occupied a prestigious position in Asia, including Indonesia. This paradigm neglects the emerging varieties of English. Furthermore, it is important to recognize that language teaching and learning is affected by a host of factors ranging from the macro political and cultural environments of a country or region to the micro perceptions and practices of individual teachers or learners, which calls for different methodologies for different learners or learning situations. This article attempts to discuss briefly the current issues in English language teaching (ELT in Indonesia from English as lingua franca (ELF perspectives, particularly by taking a close look at all the local features and limitations in the established theories and practices in ELT in Indonesia. Keywords: English language teaching, contextual, methodology, EFL