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Sample records for central jawa indonesia

  1. EL NINO, LA NINA, DAN PENAWARAN PANGAN DI JAWA, INDONESIA

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    Arini Wahyu Utami

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Paddy and maize are two important food crops in Indonesia and mainly produced in Java Island. This research aimed to know the impact of El Nino and La Nina on paddy and maize farmer’s supply in Java. Cross sectional data from four provinces in Java was combined with time series data during 1987-2006. Paddy supply was estimated using log model, while maize supply used autoregressive model; each was estimated using two types of regression function. First, it included dummy variable of El Nino and La Nina to know their influence into paddy and maize supply. Second, Southern Oscillation Index was used to analyze the supply changing when El Nino or La Nina occur. The result showed that El Nino and La Nina did not influence paddy supply, while La Nina influenced maize supply in Java. Maize supply increased when La Nina occurred.

  2. Subsoil C dynamics in tropical soils under different crop management on Jawa, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prastowo, Erwin; Grootes, Pieter; Nadeau, Marie

    2016-04-01

    Organic carbon (OC) in the subsoil is a key in anthropogenic CO2 discussions considering its relation to the potential of carbon stabilization and sequestration in soils. In the frame of the DFG Research Unit FOR995, "Biogeochemistry of paddy soil evolution" we studied subsoil organic carbon dynamics down to ca. 1 m depth, using the natural 13C and 14C signal together with total organic carbon (TOC) measurements, in three different tropical soil types with paired paddy and non-paddy sites on Jawa, Indonesia. Soil types consisted of Andosols, Alisols, and Vertisols. The sites have different climatic conditions, soil processes, and hydrology. Organic (roots, seeds, leaves) and mineral remains (concretions) were collected on a 0.37 mm sieve by wet-sieving. Acid-alkali-acid treatments were employed to separate alkali-soluble humic acids, and insoluble humin fractions. Generally, OC distribution patterns highly correspond with abundant plant remains. OC values range from 0.30 to 3.69% in the Andosol, 0.50 to 2.24% in the Alisol, and 0.20 to 0.90% in the Vertisol. Typically, OC values decrease along the depth with a concentration gap at ca. 0.15 to 0.30 m and at ca. 0.75 to 1 m. The extent of this gap is following the order Andosol>Alisol>Vertisol, implying less transported/accumulated OC in the upper layer (0.15 to 0.30 m) of Andosol than in the other two. C/N ratio has been always higher at the upper layer than at lower layers of subsoil, which indicates more stable OC at the deeper profile. In addition, the irregularity of OC distribution is high in Andosol, as expressed by coefficient of variation (CV) of ca. 80%. Conversely, CV values in Alisol and Vertisol are lower at ca. 39 and 40%. OC values were higher under non-paddy management than paddy management except for upper ca. 0.25 m of Andosol. The organic carbon concentration in the subsoil relates to existing plant remains (seeds, roots, leaves) in particular layers. The extent of their dynamics much depends on

  3. Plague in Central Java, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, J.E.; Hudson, B. W.; Turner, R W; Saroso, J. Sulianti; Cavanaugh, D. C.

    1980-01-01

    Plague in man occurred from 1968 to 1970 in mountain villages of the Boyolali Regency in Central Java. Infected fleas, infected rats, and seropositive rats were collected in villages with human plague cases. Subsequent isolations of Yersinia pestis and seropositive rodents, detected during investigations of rodent plague undertaken by the Government of Indonesia and the WHO, attested to the persistence of plague in the region from 1972 to 1974.

  4. ANALISIS DETERMINAN KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Dita Wahyu Puspita

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine factors of poverty in the province of Central Java period 2008 to 2012. Central Java province was chosen because it has the second highest poverty level among 33 provinces in Indonesia. In this study, the factors that infl uence poverty are the numbers of population live in poverty, unemployment, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP and literacy rate. The method used is the panel data regression. Panel data is the data that combines the time series and cross-section data. In this study, it is found that unemployment, GDP and total population have signifi cant aff ect on poverty in the province of Central Java.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan kemiskinan di provinsi Jawa Tengah periode 2008 sampai 2012. Dipilihnya Jawa Tengah karena dari 33 provinsi yang ada di Indonesia, Jawa Tengah merupakan provinsi dengan penduduk miskin terbanyak ke dua. Dalam penelitian ini faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan di antaranya yaitu jumlah penduduk miskin, banyaknya pengangguran, Pendapatan Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB dan Angka Melek Huruf dan semua variable tadi dipilih periode 2008 sampai 2012. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode regresi data panel. Data panel merupakan data yang menggabungkan antara data time series dan data cross-section. Dalam penelitian ini pula ditemukan bahwa pengaruh pengangguran, PDRB dan jumlah atau populasi penduduk Jawa Tengah signifi kan. Artinya berpengaruh pada kemiskinan di provinsi Jawa Tengah.

  5. KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAN EKONOMI PEMERINTAH KOLONIAL BELANDA YANG BERPENGARUH PADA MORPOLOGI BENTUK DAN STRUKTUR BEBERAPA KOTA DI JAWA

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    Handinoto Handinoto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Political, economic and security situation after the end of War of Java (1825 - 1830 greatly influenced the morphology (shape and structure of towns in Java. The overruling power, which grew stronger and stronger on the remote towns after the war, had caused the colonial government to appoint Bandung with a garrison in Cimahi as the 'garrison town' for the hinterland of West Java, Magelang for Central Java, and Malang for East Java. Economically, the political decision to run 'Cultuurstelsel' (Enforced Cultivation, 1830 - 1870, and the published 'Law of Land Ownership' (1870 had caused the occurrence of 'central cities of production, distribution and trade' in several regions in Java. Besides this, the increase of prosperity level due to economic development especially at the beginning of the 20th century has created resort towns in the mountainous areas in West Java, Central Java and East Java. Traces of the formation process of these towns are still visible up to now. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Situasi politik, ekonomi dan keamanan sesudah selesainya Perang Jawa (1825-1830 , berpengaruh sangat besar terhadap morpologi (bentuk dan struktur kota-kota di P. Jawa. Cengkeraman kekuasaan yang makin kuat terhadap kota-kota pedalaman sesudah Perang Jawa mengakibatkan pemerintah kolonial menentukan kota Bandung dengan garnizun di Cimahi sebagai 'kota garnizun' untuk pedalaman Jawa Barat, Magelang untuk pedalaman Jawa Tengah dan Malang untuk pedalaman Jawa Timur. Sedangkan dalam bidang ekonomi keputusan politik untuk menjalankan sistim Tanam Paksa (Cultuurstelsel, th. 1830-1870, serta dikeluarkannya 'undang-undang agraria' (th.1870 mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota sentra produksi, distribusi dan perdagangan' di berbagai tempat di Jawa. Sedangkan naiknya tingkat kemakmuran akibat kemajuan ekonomi terutama pada awal abad ke 20, mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota peristirahatan' di daerah pegunungan di Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah maupun Jawa Timur. Jejak

  6. PENERAPAN BALANCE SCORECARD SEBAGAI TOLAK UKUR KINERJA PADA KPRI DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Sukardi Ikhsan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menerapkan penilaian kinerja berdasarkan balanced scorecard pada badan usaha Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia di Jawa Tengah, mengidentifikasi kinerja secara keseluruhan badan usaha Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia di Jawa Tengah berdasarkan perspektif balanced scorecard. Responden yang yang digunakan adalah pengurus dan pengawas pada 74 KPRI di 30 Kabupaten di Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian ini adalah perbaikan terhadap kegiatan manajemen difokuskan pada indikator-indikator baik dalam indikator hasil akhir maupun indikator proses (leading yang memiliki gap-gap besar antara kinerja aktual dengan standar yang telah ditetapkan. Analisis BSC memberikan sebuah perspektif yang lebih luas bagi KPRI berhubungan dengan posisi persaingannya maupun kebijakan-kebijakan serta keputusan-keputusan  strategis yang akan diambil. AbstractThe objective of study is for applying the performance assesment, based on balanced scorecard in Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia, Central Java and for identifying the whole performance of Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia in Central Java, based on the perspective of balanced scorecard. The respondents are the staff and the supervisor in 74 KPRI in 30 Kabupatens, Central Java. The findings shows that the reparation on management activities focuses on both leading indicator and product indicator. They have great gaps between actual performance and given standard. The BSC analysis gives a wider perspective, relates to the competition position, the policies and strategic decisions  for KPRI.Keywords: balanced scorecard; KPRI; performance assesment

  7. Persepsi dan Pemanfaatan Siaran Instruksional Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia (TPI Dalam Proses Pembelajaran di SLTP se-Jawa Timur

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    Suwarno Suwarno

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at identifying the students' as well as the teachers' perception of the instructional aspects of TPI in view of the teaching learning process at the SMP in East Jawa. Other variables under investigation were the utilization of the instructional aspect of this broadcast and the contraint encountered. It is shown from the result of data analysis that the broadcasting of TPI enhance the student' motivation through the time for watching it should be reviewed.

  8. PENGOLAHAN DAN PENERIMAAN PRODUK KEDELAI PADA RUMAHTANGGA DI PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN PULAU JAWA INDONESIA

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    Rina Yenrina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} The study was aimed to get data on kind of processing and acceptance level of local soybean products in rural and urban areas in Java Island. The study locations were South Jakarta (Province of DKI Jakarta; Serang and Tangerang (Province of Banten; Bekasi, Bogor and Bandung (Province of West Java; Purwokerto, Semarang and Solo (Province of Central Java; Yogyakarta (Province of D.I.Yogyakarta; Malang, Jember and Surabaya (Province of East Java. The study was a part of a grand study on processing, acceptance, and consumption pattern of local soybean products at various socio-economic level of households in Java Island in 2005.  The data were obtained by interviewing and observing 2080 households (consisted of 1280 households in urban and 800 households in rural areas selected randomly. Soybean products that mostly found in the market and consumed by households of Indonesian people, particularly in Java Island, were tempe, tauco, soy-sauce, tofu, tofu-flower, soy-sprout, and oncom.  The mostly ways to process the soy products were stir-frying, deep-frying, toasting, boiling, and ‘bacem’.  Besides, there were also some soy products that consumed directly at a household level after factorized processing, namely as soy-sauce and soy-milk. The average time used to process the soy-products varied, depended on the way of processing and  number of the product processed.  Stir-frying, especially for tempe, tofu, and tauge, was a frequent way done by poor and rich

  9. PENGGUNAAN BAHASA TRANSMIGRAN JAWA DI KABUPATEN GORONTALO

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    Sayama Malabar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Transmigran Jawa datang di Kabupaten Gorontalo sejak tahun 1953. Bahasa yang digunakan tetap dipakai di tempat baru sehingga daerah yang ditempati menjadi dwibahasa, multibahasa, dan menimbulkan fenomena baru. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi pola penggunaan bahasa oleh transmigran Jawa di Kabupaten Gorontalo dalam ranah keluarga, pasar, sekolah, masjid, dan kantor; dan variasi pilihan bahasa transmigran Jawa di Kabupaten Gorontalo dalam berkomunikasi. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode simak dengan teknik dasar sadap, metode cakap dengan teknik dasar pancing, metode survei dengan penyebaran kuesioner, teknik triangulasi, dan pendekatan sosiolinguistik. Sampel ditentukan secara snowball danpurposive sampling. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan SPEAKING dan perhitungan persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahasa Indonesia lebih dominan digunakan di kantor, masjid, dan sekolah; bahasa Jawa di keluarga dan pasar; bahasa Melayu di sekolah dan pasar; dan ditemukan tiga jenis variasi pilihan bahasa, yaitu variasi tunggal bahasa, alih kode, dan campur kode. Variasi tunggal bahasa meliputi bahasa Jawa dan bahasa Indonesia. Alih kode terdiri atas empat variasi dan campur kode terdiri atas dua variasi. Dengan demikian, bahasa transmigran di Gorontalo lebih doniman menggunakan pola variasi bahasa Indonesia dan Jawa secara bersamaan.

  10. PENERAPAN BALANCE SCORECARD SEBAGAI TOLAK UKUR KINERJA PADA KPRI DI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Sukardi Ikhsan

    2012-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menerapkan penilaian kinerja berdasarkan balanced scorecard pada badan usaha Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia di Jawa Tengah, mengidentifikasi kinerja secara keseluruhan badan usaha Koperasi Pegawai Republik Indonesia di Jawa Tengah berdasarkan perspektif balanced scorecard. Responden yang yang digunakan adalah pengurus dan pengawas pada 74 KPRI di 30 Kabupaten di Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian ini adalah perbaikan terhadap kegiatan manajemen difokuskan pada ind...

  11. Aplikasi Belajar Menulis Aksara Jawa Menggunakan Android

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    As'ad Arismadhani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Aksara Jawa atau yang lebih dikenal dengan nama Hanacaraka merupakan salah satu dari sekian warisan budaya leluhur bangsa Indonesia. Dengan seiring perkembangan zaman, Aksara Jawa seolah menjadi salah satu warisan budaya yang terlupakan. Sebagai generasi muda Indonesia, sudah seharusnya kita melestarikan budaya bangsa yang merupakan peninggalan dari leluhur kita. Atas dasar itulah pada penelitian ini dikembangkan suatu media sekaligus alat bantu berupa aplikasi belajar menulis Aksara Jawa pada perangkat Android. Penelitian ini dimulai dengan melakukan perancangan terhadap kebutuhan-kebutuhan yang akan diintegrasikan pada aplikasi Android. Pengembangan dan pembuatan aplikasi menggunakan teknologi bahasa pemrograman Java dan XML. Proses uji coba dilakukan dengan proses memasukkan data ke berkas pustaka yang berupa coretan pada bidang layar sentuh pada perangkat Android. Kemudian uji coba dilakukan dengan proses menghapus data dan yang terakhir yaitu proses uji coba mencocokkan data antara bentuk aksara yang dituliskan pada bidang layar sentuh dengan daftar aksara yang sudah tersimpan pada berkas pustaka. Dalam penelitian ini dapat diketahui bahwa perangkat genggam Android dapat digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran menulis Aksara Jawa. Pola-pola yang digunakan pada proses uji coba dapat dikenali oleh aplikasi Aksara Jawa dan pola-pola tersebut dapat dicocokkan dengan daftar Aksara Jawa yang terdapat pada berkas pustaka.

  12. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Rusli Abdulah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Perhatian ekonom terhadap masalah ketimpangan sangatlah kurang. Kondisi ini juga dilakukan oleh lembaga dunia (Bank Dunia dan UNDP terutama di bidang kemiskinan, serta pemerintah kita. Dampak kebijakan yang bias antara kemiskinan dan penanggulangan ketimpangan sosial dapat dilihat dari data. Di Indonesia, khususnya Jawa Tengah, selama periode 2002-2011, pertumbuhan ekonomi di Jawa Tengah meningkat disertai dengan pengurangan kemiskinan. Namun ketimpangannya meningkat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis determinan pendapatan yang timpang di Jawa Tengah dari tahun 2002 sampai dengan 2011. Panel metode Data regerssion digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian ini. Ada 35 data cross section yang mewakili setiap kabupaten dan data seri selama 10 tahun Uji F dan uji Hausman menunjukkan bahwa model efek random terbatas adalah yang terbaik untuk analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hanya ada dua variabel yang signifikan yang menyebabkan ketimpangan (share of economic output received by employers wages. Sementara itu, dua variabel lain tidak signifikan (urbanization and dependency ratio.The attention of economist to the problem of inequality is weak. This condition is followed by the world institution (World Bank and UNDP which concerns in the areas of poverty, as well as our government. The impact of biased policy between poverty and inequality reduction can be seen from the data. In Indonesia, especially Central Java, during the period of 2002 to 2011, economic growth in Central Java increased accompanied by poverty reduction. However inequality increasedThe purpose of the study is to analyze the determinant of inequality income in Central Java from 2002 up to 2011. Panel data regerssion method is used to achieve the objectives of this study. There are 35 cross section data represent every regency and 10-years data series. F test and Hausman test indicate that restricted random effect models are best for analysis. The result

  13. PENINGKATAN KASUS MALARIA DI PULAU JAWA, KEPULAUAN SERIBU DAN LAMPUNG

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    Harijani A. Marwoto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Increasing of malaria cases in some places in Indonesia have been reported in the last 10 years. It has been noted by outbreak reports with some malaria-assumed fatal cases. Increasing of malaria cases occured especially in 1993 and increased tremendeously in 1997-1998. Malaria problem in Jawa-Bali mostly had been reported from Central Jawa. In general during the last 10 years, API of Central Jawa has increased sharply and from 1995- 1999 it reached up to > 16 times. Most of the case reports (65% came from Purworejo District. During the last 4 years (1998-2001,  malaria outbreaks in Java-Bali  have been reported 3 times from Central Java, and 1 time from Yogyakarta, East Java, West Jawa and Seribu Islands respectively. An outbreak has also been reported from Lampung in 1998. Malaria problem in Seribu Islands, one of the most interesting tourism areas in DKJ Jakarta, was turned up by case report from Kongsi Island in 1999 which has beenfastly spreading out. Up to August 2000 there were 28 fatal cases being reported. The malaria surveys in Pari Island in 2000 and 2001 showed the prevalence were as high as 42.56% and 31.oo%. The Health Services Office reported that malaria cases in Tangerang and North Jakarta where fisherman from Seribu Islands were frequently visited the areas, were highly increased in 2001-2002. Resurgence of malaria was also being reported from Lampung. This area which was so close to West Jawa has reported the prevalence of malaria as high as 44% in inland-Lampung area of Suka Maju and 60% in Legundi Island. Even the prevalence of P.malariae which has been mostly as low as ≤ 2%, reached 37%. Resurging factors for malaria were assumed varried from global/regional/local climate, alteration of environment  to economic  crisis that highly interfered the coverage and quality of malaria control.

  14. Space Radar Image of Central Sumatra, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This is a radar image of the central part of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia that shows how the tropical rainforest typical of this country is being impacted by human activity. Native forest appears in green in this image, while prominent pink areas represent places where the native forest has been cleared. The large rectangular areas have been cleared for palm oil plantations. The bright pink zones are areas that have been cleared since 1989, while the dark pink zones are areas that were cleared before 1989. These radar data were processed as part of an effort to assist oil and gas companies working in the area to assess the environmental impact of both their drilling operations and the activities of the local population. Radar images are useful in these areas because heavy cloud cover and the persistent smoke and haze associated with deforestation have prevented usable visible-light imagery from being acquired since 1989. The dark shapes in the upper right (northeast) corner of the image are a chain of lakes in flat coastal marshes. This image was acquired in October 1994 by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) onboard the space shuttle Endeavour. Environmental changes can be easily documented by comparing this image with visible-light data that were acquired in previous years by the Landsat satellite. The image is centered at 0.9 degrees north latitude and 101.3 degrees east longitude. The area shown is 50 kilometers by 100 kilometers (31 miles by 62 miles). The colors in the image are assigned to different frequencies and polarizations of the radar as follows: red is L-band horizontally transmitted, horizontally received; green is L-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received; blue is L-band vertically transmitted, vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth program.

  15. ANALISIS KEPEMILIKAN JIWA KEWIRAUSAHAAN: EVALUASI OUTCOME PENDIDIKAN MENENGAH DI JAWA

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    Wahyu Purhantara

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Analisis Kepemilikan Jiwa Kewirausahaan: Evaluasi Outcome Pendidikan Menengah di Jawa. Pendidikan memiliki peran sentral dalam membentuk karakter dan jiwa kewirausahaan. Karena Indonesia memiliki kurang dari 2% dari penduduknya sebagai pengusaha, pendidikan kewirausahaan menjadi hal yang penting. Menurut Drucker, sebuah negara akan makmur jika penduduknya memiliki jiwa kewirausahaan. Pertanyaannya adalah, mengapa semangat kewirausahaan memainkan peran penting dalam pengembangan organisasi, bisnis, dan pengembangan diri? Jawabannya adalah bahwa kewirausahaan melatih orang untuk menjadi mandiri, kreatif, inovatif, kompetitif, berorientasi hasil, menyukai tantangan, bekerja keras, dan sebagainya. Hasil evaluasi terhadap jiwa kewirausahaan berdasarkan hasil proses pendidikan tingkat SMA/SMK di 5 kota di Jawa pada tahun 2011 menunjukkan bahwa mereka tidak memiliki jiwa kewirausahaan seperti yang diharapkan oleh standar kompetensi bagi lulusan SMA / SMK. Keywords: Jiwa Kewirausahaan, Pendidikan Kewirausahaan   Abstract: Entrepreneurial Spirit Analysis: Outcome Evaluation of Secondary Education in Java. Education has central role in forming character and entrepreneurial spirit. Since Indonesia has less than 2% of its inhabitants as entrepreneurs, education of entrepreneurship becomes urgent. According to Drucker, a country would be prosperous if its inhabitants have entrepreneurial spirit. The question is, why entrepreneurial spirit plays an important role in organization development, business, and self development? The answer is that entrepreneurship trains people to become self-supporting, creative, innovative, competitive, result oriented, fond of challenges, hard working, and so on. Result of evaluation on entrepreneurial spirit of high school education outcome in 5 towns in Java in 2011 indicates that they do not have entrepreneurship spirit as expected by the standard of competence for SMA/ SMK graduates. Keywords: entrepreneurial

  16. Legal and actual central bank independence : A case study of Bank of Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; de Haan, J.

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-200

  17. KEBIASAAN MEMBERIKAN MAKANAN KEPADA BAYI BARU LAHIR DI PROPINSI JAWA TENGAH DAN JAWA BARAT (NEW BORN INFANT FEEDING HABIT IN CENTRAL JAVA AND WEST JAVA

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    Yekti Widodo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Initiation of breast milk should be given to the baby as soon as possible, not more than half hour after the baby was bora If initiate of breast milk is not early, it will be difficult to avoid introduced other food than breast milk to new bom be infant. The objective of research is to know how the community habit, especially in Central Java and West Java in order with infant feeding for new born infant The result of the research showed 77,0% respondent introduced other food to new born infant and 23% respondents initiated breast milk soon after the baby bora Two reason for mother introduced other food before they give breast milk First, as "baby food' for the new born infant (knowing as prelacteal food. Kind of this food are honey (64,2%, water-honey (11,73%, boiled water (13,5%, and milk formula (10,6%. They gave this food for prelacteal food, because breast milk not flows yet (64,8%, for the baby not hungry (14,8%, suggested by traditional birth attendance (dukun bayi, suggested by grandmother (4,7% and mother not ready yet to give breast milk (3,6%. Second, Not as 'baby food', but because the culture. Usually they give other food just once time, in the first minutes of the baby life. After that, they give breast milk. The kinds of this food are solution water coffee (19,4%, pepper (29,6%, "kurma" (3,7%, onion (21,3%, lime juice (5,6% and salt solution (18,8%, also white egg (1,9%. The reason to give that food are: to bring out dirty things from baby stomach (82,4% as the not cramp (13,9%, and religion (3,7%. Actually, the first reason suggested by traditional birth attendance as a "helping delivery package" . This always doing by the traditional birth attendance

  18. PENGARUH PERTUKANGAN CINA PADA BANGUNAN MESJID KUNO DI JAWA ABAD 15-16

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    Samuel Hartono

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The early shapes of ancient mosques in Java during the 15th - 16th centuries are very interesting. Many theories suggest that those shapes originated from the culture of Hinduist-Javanese or Javanese in general. Very few articles are there studying the important role of Chinese carpentry in the development of those mosques of Java, especially those in the northern coast of Java. To name a few, they are the Demak mosque (1474, the Kudus mosque (1537, and the Mantingan mosque (1559 near by Jepara. They physically show the traces of Chinese carpentry and stone masonry.This article is an early study which attempts to trace the existence of Chinese carpentry in those ancient mosques of Java. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Bentuk awal mesjid kuno di Jawa (abad 15-16, sangat menarik. Banyak teori yang mengatakan bahwa bentuk dari mesjid kuno Jawa ini berasal kebudayaan Hindu-Jawa maupun dari penduduk Jawa sendiri . Tapi jarang sekali tulisan yang membahas tentang peran pertukangan Cina yang sangat besar dalam pembangunan mesjid-mesjid kuno Jawa (terutama yang terletak di pantai Utara Jawa, Beberapa diantaranya seperti Mesjid Demak (1474, Mesjid Kudus (1537 dan Mesjid Mantingan (1559 dekat Jepara, yang terbukti secara fisik terdapat jejak-jejak pertukangan Cina, baik pertukangan batu maupun kayu disana. Tulisan ini merupakan studi awal yang mencoba untuk menelusuri keberadaan pertukangan Cina pada mesjid-mesjid kuno di Jawa tersebut. Kata kunci: Mesjid Kuno Jawa, Pertukangan Cina.

  19. Legal and Actual Central Bank Independence: A Case Study of Bank Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    De Haan, Jakob; I Kadek Dian Sutrisna Artha

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  20. Legal and actual central bank independence: A case study of Bank of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; J. de Haan

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  1. Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This study presents options for a national disaster risk financing strategy in Indonesia, drawing heavily on international experience. The study discusses a series of complementary options for a national disaster risk financing strategy, based on a preliminary fiscal risk analysis and a review of the current budget management of natural disasters in Indonesia. It benefits from the internat...

  2. Glacial aridity in central Indonesia coeval with intensified monsoon circulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konecky, Bronwen; Russell, James; Bijaksana, Satria

    2016-03-01

    The Last Glacial Maximum was cool and dry over the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool (IPWP), a key region driving global oceanic-atmospheric circulation. Both low- and high-latitude teleconnections with insolation, ice sheets, and sea level have been suggested to explain the pervasive aridity observed in paleoecological and geomorphic data. However, proxies tracking the H- and O-isotopic composition of rainfall (e.g., speleothems, sedimentary biomarkers) suggest muted aridity or even wetter conditions than the present, complicating interpretations of glacial IPWP climate. Here we use multiproxy reconstructions from lake sediments and modern rainfall isotopic measurements from central Indonesia to show that, contrary to the classical "amount effect," intensified Australian-Indonesian monsoon circulation drove lighter H- and O-isotopic composition of IPWP rainfall during the LGM, while at the same time, dry conditions prevailed. Precipitation isotopes are particularly sensitive to the apparent increase in monsoon circulation and perhaps also decreased moisture residence time implied by our data, explaining contrasts among proxy records while illuminating glacial IPWP atmospheric circulation, a key target for climate models.

  3. Mineralogy of a perudic Andosol in central Java, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Ranst, Eric; Utami, S. R.; Verdoodt, A.; Qafoku, Nikolla

    2008-02-15

    We studied the mineralogy of a perudic Andosol developed on the Dieng Tephra Sequence in central Java, Indonesia. The objective was to confirm the presence and determine the origin and stability of 2:1 and interlayered 2:1 phyllosilicates in well-drained Andosols. This was and still is a debated topic in the literature. Total elemental and selective dissolution, as well as microscopic and X-ray diffraction analyses, were performed on the soil samples collected from this site. These analyses confirmed that andic properties were present in the soil samples. The allophane content determined by selective dissolution was 3-4% in the A horizons, and increased to 12-18% in the deeper subsoil horizons. In addition, the clay fraction contained dioctahedral smectite, hydroxy-Al-interlayered 2:1 minerals (HIS), Al-chlorite, kaolinite, pyrophyllite, mica, cristobalite and some gibbsite. The silt and sand fractions were rich in plagioclase and pyroxene. The 2:1 minerals (smectite and pyrophyllite), as well as chlorite and kaolinite were of hydrothermal origin and were incorporated in the tephra during volcanic eruption. Besides desilication during dissolution of unstable minerals, Al interlayering of 2:1 layer silicates was most likely the most prominent pedogenic process. Although hydroxy-Al polymeric interlayers would normally stabilize the 2:1 clay phases, the strong weakening, and even disappearance of the characteristic XRD peaks, indicated instability of these minerals in the upper A horizons due to the perudic and intensive leaching conditions.

  4. Cinder cones of Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

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    Igan S. SutawIdjaja

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no1.20096The Mount Slamet volcanic field in Central Java, Indonesia, contains thirty five cinder cones within an area of 90 sq. km in the east flank of the volcano. The cinder cones occur singly or in small groups, with diameter of the base ranges from 130 - 750 m and the height is around 250 m. Within the volcanic field, the cinder cones are spread over the volcanic area at the distance of 4 to 14 km from the eruption center of the Slamet Volcano. They are concentrated within latitudes 7°11’00” - 7°16’00” S,, and longitudes 109°15’00” - 109°18’00” E. The density of the cinder cones is about 1.5 cones/km2. Most of the cinder cones lie on the Tertiary sedimentary rocks along the NW-trending fault system and on radial fractures. The structural pattern may be related to the radial faults in this region. The cone surfaces are commonly blanketed by Slamet air-falls and lava flows. The deposits consist of poorly bedded, very coarse-grained, occasionally overlain by oxidized scoria, and large-sized of ballistic bombs and blocks. There are various kind of volcanic bombs originating from scoriae ballistic rock fragments. The other kind of volcanic bombs are breadcrust bomb, almond seed or contorted shape. All of the cinder cones have undergone degradation, which can be observed from the characters of gully density and surface morphology. By using Porter parameters, Hco is equal to 0.25 Wco, whilst Wcr is equal to 0.40 Wco. The Hco/Wco ratio is higher than Hco = 0.2 Wco reference line. A radiometric dating using K-Ar method carried out on a scoria bomb yields the age of 0.042 + 0.020 Ma.  

  5. Tectonic Control of Piercement Structures in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzini, A.; Hadi, S.; Etiope, G.; Inguaggiato, S.

    2014-12-01

    A recent field expedition in Central Java targeted the mapping and sampling of several piercements structures in central Java (Indonesia), most of which have never been documented before. Here, at least seven structures erupting mud water and gas are distributed along a NE-SW alignment that extends for about 10 kilometers. Some of the mapped structures (Bledug Kuwu, Bledug Cangkring Krabagan, Mendikil, Banjarsari, Krewek) have been named after the neighboring local village. None of these have obvious elevation despite the vigorous emission of gas and mud, suggesting that significant caldera collapse is ongoing. Among the most relevant: Bledug Kuwu is certainly the most impressive structure with three main eruption sites in the crater area bursting more than 5 m large hot mud bubbles. Similar characteristics are present at the smaller (200 m in diameter) Bledug Cangkring Krabagan, that is also surrounded by numerous pools and gryphons seeping around the main crater. The smaller sized Mendikil is the only visited structure that, at the moment of the sampling, did not show seepage of hot fluids. Banjarsari and Krewek (up to 200 m wide) are characterized by scattered hot water-dominated pools where gas is vented vigorously. In particular the hot pools are systematically covered by travertine concretions. Water and gas geochemisty confirms the seepage of CO2 dominated gas and water with hydrothermal signature. The investigated structures appear to follow an obvious NE-SW oriented lineament that most likely coincides with a tectonic structure (fault?) that controls their location. Indeed the field observations and the analyses suggest that likely scenario is that this fault (?) acts as a preferential pathway for the expulsion of hydrothermal fluids to the surface. Very little is known about this region, neither is known why several of these structures erupt hot mud despite their significant distance from the two closest volcanic structures (i.e. Mt. Muria 60 km to the NW

  6. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    SUSI KRESNATITA; YULA MIRANDA; HASTIN E.N.C. CHOTIMAH

    2013-01-01

    Abstract. Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 106-111. People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to dete...

  7. ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY WILDLIFE RESERVOIRS OF RABIES IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph, S W; P.F.D. Van Peenen; A. E. New; D. W. Eggena

    2012-01-01

    Penyakit rabies telah dikenal di Indonesia sejak tahun 1889, dan mengingat tidak adanya data yang diteliti mengenai penderita rabies, maka perlu dilakukan suatu penelitian. Penelitian dilakukan oleh NAMRU-2 bersama Departemen Kesehatan dari tahun 1970-1972 untuk menentukan pengaruh penyakit-penyakit Zoonotic yang endemic pada penduduk yang tidak immune yang sering berpindah ke hutan atau tempat yang tidak ada penduduknya. Penelitian di lakukan pada beberapa daerah pegunungan Jawa Barat, Jawa ...

  8. KAJIAN IDENTIFIKASI PANGAN POKOK BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL PADA RUMAH TANGGA PRA SEJAHTERA DI JAWA TENGAH(STUDY OF STAPLE FOOD IDENTIFICATION BY LOCAL WISDOM BASE ON PRE-PROSPEROUS HOUSEHOLD IN CENTRAL JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlyna Wida R

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Pangan pokok seringkali diidentikkan dengan beras, padahal ada juga masyarakat yang mengkonsumsi bahan pangan pokok lain seperti jagung, sagu, umbi-umbian dan gandum. Tujuan khusus penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi pangan pokok berbasis kearifan lokal di rumah tanggapra sejahtera Jawa Tengah. Desain penelitian menggunakan riset eksploratori. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei sedangkan metode pendekataannya menggunakan cross sectional study. Dari 35 kabupaten dan kota di Jawa Tengah diambil tiga kabupaten secara purposive dengan pertimbangan kabupaten yang memiliki proporsi rumah tangga pra sejahtera terbesar yaitu Kabupaten Grobogan, Rembang, dan Blora. Untuk menganalisis tujuan penelitian dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa identifikasi pangan pokok rumah tangga pra sejahtera di Jawa Tengah menurut jenis pangan pokok sebesar 75,56 persen rumah tangga pra sejahtera mengkonsumsi beras saja sebagai pangan pokok dan 12,22 persen mengkonsumsi nasi jagung. Cara budidaya yang dilakukan dalam setahun 2 – 3 kali pola tanam dimana tanaman yang sering dibudidayakan adalah padi dan jagung. Cara budidaya masih konvensional dan zero tillage dilakukan untuk budidaya kacang hijau. Panen dan pengelolaan pasca panen dilakukan oleh petani menyimpan gabah antara 30 – 90 persen dari total panen dimana sebagian besar petani menyimpan 50 persen dari total panennya. Distribusi dan kelembagaan pangan pokok berbasis kearifan lokal di tingkat rumah tangga petani sudah ada pengelolaan cadangan pangan sedangkan di tingkat rukun tetangga maupun desa tidak ada lumbung pangan. ABSTRACT Staple food is oftentimes identical with rice, although there are also peoples consumes other staple food such as corn, sago, tubers and wheat. Specific purpose of this study was identifying staple food by local wisdom base on poor households in Central Java. The design of this research used exploratory research. The method used was survey method

  9. TRANSFERRIN POLYMORPHISM IN FOUR LOCAL BREEDS OF GOAT IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    E. Kurnianto; Sutopo; E.T. Setiatin; D. Samsudewa; E. Purbowati; D.R. Dewanti; G.D. Brata

    2012-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the gene frequency and individual heterozygosity of transferrin in four local breeds of goat in Central Java-Indonesia. The number of blood samples were taken from 96 heads of goat, in which each of breeds were 24 samples, those were Kejobong (Purbalingga regency), Ettawa Grade (Purworejo regency), Kacang (Grobogan regency) and Jawarandu (Pemalang regency). Polyacrilamide Gel Electrophoresis was performed to detect the bands of blood plasm protei...

  10. Species composition of understory vegetation in coal mined land in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    WIRYONO; ARIF BUHA SIAHAAN

    2013-01-01

    Wiryono, Siahaan AB. 2013. Species composition of understory vegetation in coal mined land in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 31-36. Coal stripmining in forest area has destroyed forest ecosystem and created barren land. Reclamation of mined land is done by revegetating the land. In addition to planted species, pioneer species usually grow naturally in mined land. The objectives of this study were to know the species composition of understory vegetation growing naturally in coa...

  11. Nutrient dynamics in different sub-types of peat swamp forest in central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistiyanto, Yustinus

    2005-01-01

    Nutrient dynamics of two sub-types of peat swamp forest, mixed swamp forest and low pole forest, in the upper catchment of the Sebangau River in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia were studied. Three permanent study plots, 50 x 50 m, were established in each forest sub-type to facilitate collection of throughfall, stemflow, litterfall, decomposition, above ground and below ground biomass, peat and water samples. Graphical presentation, Wilm's method, and analysis of variance were carried out for b...

  12. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHATANI KEDELAI UNTUK MEWUJUDKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Rizky Pratama

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In the era of globalization, food sustainability is one of the main sectors that has an important role in economic development in Indonesia. The development of agricultural sector needs to be implemented. It is for advancing the agriculture, so that, both production output and farmer welfare will increase. Soybean is one of the leading agricultural commodities in Central Java province. The purpose of this research is to analyze the strategy and program criteria that can be done to develop the soybean farming in Central Java. An Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP was applied. The sampling technique was done by simple random sampling consisting of 12 people. The results show that the development of soybean farming in Central Java province comprises of several prioritized program criterias. The first priority is the criteria of cultivation, 0.537. The second criteria is input and its score is 0.220. The third criteria is institutions, 0.110. The fourth criteria is post-harvest, 0.058. The fifth criteria is marketing, 0.040. Pada era globalisasi salah satu isu utamanya adalah ketahanan pangan maka sektor pertanian merupakan salah satu sektor utama yang memegang peranan penting dalam pembangunan ekonomi di Indonesia. Pengemban-gan sektor pertanian perlu dilaksanakan guna memajukan sektor pertanian baik berupa peningkatan output produksi dan kualitas serta mampu mengangkat kesejahteraan petani. Kedelai merupakan salah satu komodi-tas unggulan pertanian Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis strategi dan kriteria program yang dapat dilakukan untuk mengembangkan usaha tani kedelai di Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang ber-dampak kepada terwujudnya ketahanan pangan Indonesia berdasarkan pendekatan Analysis Hierarchy Pro-cess. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan simple random sampling yang terdiri dari 12 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pengembangan usahatani kedelai di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tersusun atas bebera-pa kriteria

  13. Characteristics of seismic noise in Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yudistira, T.; Widiyantoro, S.

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the characteristics of recorded seismic noise in central Java by using empirical interstation Green's function (EGF). We have utilized the data from the MERAMEX project (May - October 2004) to determine the EGF within the study area. We have calculated 6893 cross correlations based Green's function of vertical-vertical components. In order to study both primary and secondary microseisms, we measured azimuthal dependence of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of Green's function at a period range from 3 to 25 s (or 0.04 - 0.33 Hz). In general, the cross-correlation functions (CCF) of positive and negative axes are not symmetric, which indicate that the dominant source locations are not evenly distributed. Based on period-azimuth maps of SNR the relatively higher SNRs are appeared in the period from 3 to 12 s (0.08 - 0.33 Hz), which can be related to the secondary microseisms. Our result also indicates that the most energetic seismic noise source came from or was generated in the northeastern part or northern part of the study region with range of azimuth form 290° to 360° and from 0° to 25°, which is related to the coupling of the northern coast of central Java and the ocean current of the Java sea.

  14. TOXOPLASMA AND VIRAL ANTIBODIES AMONG HIV PATIENTS AND INMATES IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Yulia; Haryati, Sri; Raharjo, Irvan; Prasetyo, Afiono Agung

    2015-11-01

    In Indonesia, Toxoplasma and its associations with blood-borne viruses have been poorly studied. In order to study the association between anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and blood-borne viral antibodies, blood samples from 497 participants (375 inmates from four prisons in Central Java, Indonesia and 122 HIV patients at a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic in Surakarta, Indonesia) were tested for serological markers of Toxoplasma, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) and human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-1/2). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM positivity rates were 41.6% and 3.6%, respectively. One point two percent of participants was positive for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Sixteen point five percent, 11.3%, 2.6% and 2.8% of participants were positive for anti- Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HCV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HIV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgM combined with anti-HIV antibodes and anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with both anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies, respectively. Anti-Toxoplasma IgM seropositivity was associated with anti-HIV (aOR = 4.3; 95% CI: 1.112-16.204, p = 0.034). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were associated with anti-HCV (aOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.749-4.538, p HCV infection and injection drug users should be screened for Toxoplasma infection in Indonesia. PMID:26867355

  15. Population density and distribution of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch in Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARIF SETIAWAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Setiawan A, Nugroho TS, Wibisono Y, Ikawati V, Sugardjito J. 2012. Population density and distribution of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch in Central Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 13: 23-27. A survey of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch was conducted from July 2009 to November 2010 in the Dieng mountains and Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia. The purpose of the survey was to assess current population status and its distribution, including factors threatening the species. Line transect method was used to estimate gibbon densities. We detected a total of 144 individuals in 56 groups on a 212.7 km length trail. Average group size was calculated as 2.57 (ranging between 2 and 7 individuals. We compared the population density between Mount Slamet and Dieng mountains. It was found that the density in Mount Slamet was lower than in the Dieng montans with 1.7 ind./km2 compare to 2.5-7.57 ind/km2 respectively. In total, there were about 1,034 individuals of gibbon in Central Java which was divided in two sub populations. The one in Mount Slamet was about 175 individuals whereas in the range of Dieng mountains was 881 individuals. Establishing a protected area and enhancing conservation awareness were critically important for survival of this endangered ape. Conservation awareness should consider human needs of local people surrounding the forest habitat.

  16. Species composition of understory vegetation in coal mined land in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WIRYONO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Wiryono, Siahaan AB. 2013. Species composition of understory vegetation in coal mined land in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 31-36. Coal stripmining in forest area has destroyed forest ecosystem and created barren land. Reclamation of mined land is done by revegetating the land. In addition to planted species, pioneer species usually grow naturally in mined land. The objectives of this study were to know the species composition of understory vegetation growing naturally in coal mined land planted with Gmelina arborea in Central Bengkulu, Indonesia, and to compare that composition with that of unreclaimed coal mined land and of natural forests. Data were collected by sampling understory vegetation in study site. Each plant was identified, harvested and oven-dried to find the biomass. Results showed that the reclaimed mined land had 16 understory species from 6 families, and the abandoned mined land had 10 species from 3 families, lower than that of natural forests, which were 92 and 112. The three most important species were Scleria sumatrensis Retz, Eragrostis chariis (Schult. Hitchc and Paspalum conjugatum Berg. The species composition of understory vegetation in reclaimed mined land had high similarity with that of abandoned mined land but was totally different from that of natural forests.

  17. Short-term poverty dynamics of rural households: Evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Schwarze

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day expressed in purchasing power parity (PPP. The results of the estimated multinomial logit model applied in this study indicate that a lack of non-agricultural employment opportunities and low endowment of social capital are major determinants of chronic as well as transitory poverty in this province of Indonesia. These results are used to draw policy conclusions with respect to the alleviation of transitory and chronic poverty in Central Sulawesi.

  18. TRANSFERRIN POLYMORPHISM IN FOUR LOCAL BREEDS OF GOAT IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kurnianto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the gene frequency and individual heterozygosity of transferrin in four local breeds of goat in Central Java-Indonesia. The number of blood samples were taken from 96 heads of goat, in which each of breeds were 24 samples, those were Kejobong (Purbalingga regency, Ettawa Grade (Purworejo regency, Kacang (Grobogan regency and Jawarandu (Pemalang regency. Polyacrilamide Gel Electrophoresis was performed to detect the bands of blood plasm protein. Gen frequency was calculated using general formula of population genetics. Estimated heterozygosity and individual heterosizygosity were calculated to analysis the equilibrium condition of transferrin. Result showed there was two allele of transferrin, namely TfA and TfB. Gene frequency of TfA was higher than that of TfB. Transferrin gene and genotypes were in disequilibrium of Hardy-Weinberg Law.

  19. Exploration of High elevation liana colonies on Mt. Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WS Hoover

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available One hundred forty–five individual lianas were distributed on 2 East facing ridges on the second highest mountain on Java, Mt. Slamet (3418 m., Central Java, Indonesia. Twenty one colonies were observed on small flat areas on ridges. The liana species observed include: Embelia pergamacea, Toddalia asiatica, Elaeagnus latifolia, Schefflera lucida, Vaccinium laurifolium and Lonicera javanica. Diameter of each liana was measured and liana density/flat area calculated. Floristic collecting was under- taken within the elevational gradient of liana distribution. Data suggest an ecotone transition from lower to upper mon- tane forest is observed between 2200 and 2300 m, though forest types are difficult to determine due to disturbance caused by fire at the upper elevations. Observing lianas at these unusuall high elevations with near pluvial rainfall, con- tradict established scientific theory concerning global distribution and abundance of lianas.  

  20. Thermal Performance of Traditional House in the Upland Central Celebes of Indonesia

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    Sri Nastiti N.E Nastiti N.E

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available House presents special problems for design in relation to climate as it accommodates variety of uses over 24-hour period. It is widely known in the tropical countries that traditional houses are more sensitive to the prevailing climate and able to provide comfortable internal environment for the occupants. Tambi as one of traditional houses in upland Central Celebes Indonesia is believed to be thermally comfortable, yet there still no empirical evidence to approve it. Present study conducted empirical studies on typical traditional Tambi houses to evaluate their thermal performance. External and internal climatic conditions were measured in each house and were analysed. Results of the study showed that typical traditional Tambi house are not able to maintain the internal temperature within the comfort range for a preiod of 24- hours. Thermal quality of the house, however, were improving as indicated by internal temperatures which were more satisfactory than the external temperatures.

  1. KETIKA KEBIJAKAN ORDE LAMA MEMASUKI DOMAIN PENDIDIKAN: PENYIAPAN DAN KINERJA GURU SEKOLAH DASAR DI INDONESIA

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    Umasih Umasih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals how the educational policy in Indonesia during The Old Order. The domination of government (Soekarno as expressed in the domination theory by Antonio Gramsci which a politic is a commander and it can dominate whole Indonesia society life including an educational aspect. Furthermore, Soekarno as an individual manivesto has given a space for PKI because of their closeness. When the Minister, Prijono, issued a decision concerning about Pancawardhana Educational System, The Institution of National Education which is affiliated by PKI giving a formulation of Pancacinta. An education in the political manifesto obliges teachers enter into a practical politics life, teachers have to be revolutionary . It means that the learning practice is given toward students through indoctrination.  No less than 2000 teachers in the East java and the Cental Java finally became PKI members, then about  580 teachers of elementary school from the West Java. Even PKI has succeeded to divide the organization of teacher’s membership into The Cental Vak PGRI and  non Vak Central PGRI. Keywords : The Old Order, The Pacawardhana Educational System, the performance of elementary teachers.  Artikel ini mengungkapkan bagaimana kebijakan pendidikan Indonesia pada masa Orde Lama. Dominasi pemerintah (Soekarno seperti diungkapkan dalam teori  dominasi oleh ntonio Gramsci di mana politik adalah panglima dan dapat mendominasi segala kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia termasuk dalam bidang pendidikan. Tidak hanya itu, Presiden Soekarno sebagai manivesto perseorangan  juga  telah  memberi ruang gerak pada PKI karena kedekatan hubungannya dengan Presiden Soekarno.  Ketika Menteri Prijono mengeluarkan keputusan tentang Sistem Pendidikan Pancawardhana, Lembaga Pendidikan Nasional yang berafiliasi dengan PKI memberi rumusan tentang Pancacinta. Pendidikan dalam alam manipol mengharuskan guru terjun dalam kehidupan politik praktis, guru harus revolusioner yang

  2. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUSI KRESNATITA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 106-111. People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to determine the diversity of indigenous vegetables in Central Kalimantan, its use as a vegetable and nutrient content some vegetables. The method used was the exploration and interviews. Exploration carried out in three districts namely Palangkaraya, Pulang Pisau, and Seruyan. Sampling of plants was randomly and selectively. Data analysis was performed descriptively. The results showed that we recorded 42 plant species belonging to 30 families. There were many vegetables processing: stir-fry, clear soup, a light coconut milk soup, acidic soup, or just consumed as fresh vegetables. The result of nutritional value analyzed, Helminthostachys zeylanica (L. Hook had a potential to further develop whether as vegetables or medicinal plant. It had the highest protein, carbohydrate and mineral P, Fe, Na and K content among the vegetables analyzed.

  3. MAKASSAR COPRA AS A TRIGGER OF STRUGGLING FOR POWER BETWEEN CENTRAL AND LOCAL GOVERMENT: A HISTORICAL STUDY OF REGIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Asba, A. Rasyid

    2011-01-01

    central government of Jakarta. For example, there was a claim of South Moluccas Republic Movement and Permesta (Whole people struggling) for economic equity. The gain of copra trading which divided into 70% for local and 30% for central government became national political problem in maintaining the central and local government relationship. That???s why, the local conflict in Eastern Indonesia had been occuring until now and being a problem for developing a democratic modern Indonesia. N...

  4. POLITIK PENGGUNAAN BAHASA & LELUCON JAWA

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    J. Herudjati Purwoko, Ph.D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a Javanese joke commonly used by Javanese parents to teach their young children a kind of typical cultural wisdom in accordance with their effort of socializing subsistence ethics. The respondents are all postgraduate students. Their age is roughly distinguished into two broad categories: (1 around 30 years, and (2 above 40 years. Most of those in the first category do not understand the essence of the joke at all, whereas all of those in the second category do remember and completely understand it. The reasons for their un/intelligibility become of paramount importance. Besides, the discourse of the typical joke also shows that a tiny piece of such a traditional product may reveal the process of meaning-making, in the study of language use, which is very “political” in characteristics.  Makalah ini tentang lelucon Jawa yang digunakan oleh orangtua Jawa untuk mengajarkan kebijaksanaan khas kepada anak-anak sehubungan dengan usaha mereka dalam mensosialisasikan etika subsistensi. Para respondennya adalah mahasiswa pascasarjana. Usia mereka dibedakan dalam dua kategori: (1 sekitar 30 tahun, dan (2 di atas 40 tahun. Mereka yang dalam kategori satu tidak memahami esensi dari lelucon itu sama sekali, sementara yang dalam kategori dua mengingat dan memahaminya dengan baik. Alasan bagi mereka untuk tidak/memahami lelucon itu menjadi sangat penting. Di samping itu, wacana lelucon khas itu juga menunjukkan bahwa sebuah serpihan kecil dari produk tradisional semacam itu bisa mengungkap proses pembuatan-makna, dalam kajian penggunaan bahasa, yang bersifat sangat “politis”

  5. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN CHIKUNGUNYA DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI,PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lulus Susanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractChikungunya fever is one of re-emerging diseases in Indonesia. The most prominent symptoms in chikungunya patients are severe pain in joints, especially in the knee, ankles, arms and hands joints , as well as joints of the spine so that the joints very difficult to be moved. The disease is caused by Chikungunya virus (CHIKV group.Cases of Chiku-ngunya in Central Java were increased, starting in 2005 which totaled only 46 cases, then became 86 cases in 2006, and increased sharply to reach 2,801 cases in 2007. The cases were distributed in several districts in Central Java including Boyolali, which contributes to considerable number of Chikungunya cases. In 2007 and 2008 the number of Chikungunyacases in Boyolali reached 634 and 517 respectively. In this study a survey was conducted to establish the relationship between community characteristics, socio-economic conditions, knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of the people,entomological and environmental survey as risk factors of Chikungunya in Boyolali. This study was an analytical epidemiologic study with case control study design. Results showed that cases of Chikungunya was majority in the age range of 20-45 and 46-64 years, 51 (39.23% and 50 cases (38.46% respectively, among them,80 females (61.54%. The most of the Chikungunya cases ; 34 (26.15%were not completed primary school and farmers, the main occupation of the people, were 41 cases (31.54%. Based on all of characteristic of the respondents, only gender that have significant relationshipswith the Chikungunya case (with P< 0.05. The characteristics of age, education, and occupation have no significant relationships with the case (P> 0.05. Knowledge and practices of the people on the prevention towards Chikungunya transmissions has no significant relationships to the case(with P > 0.05. Hanged cloth was also has no relationships with the case, but the existing of Aedes sp larvae shown significant relationships to the case (with P

  6. POLICY ON HERBAL TRADITIONAL MEDICINES THERAPY IN THREE PROVINCES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Joseph Herman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A descriptive qualitative study on the implementation of MOH Decrees related to local herbal Traditional Medicine Therapy in Bali, West Java and Central Java, had been conducted cross-sectionally in 2011. Objectives of this study were to identify local licensing policy, perception of professional organization, and supports and obstacles of their implementation. Data were collected through in-depth interviews with one herbal CAM provider, purposively taken from each district, and Head of Health Resources Department of Provincial and District Health Office, whilst RTD participants were professional organizations like Indonesian Association of Herbal Medical Doctor, Indonesian Association of Traditional Therapist, Indonesian Pharmacist Association, Indonesian Association of Midwives and Indonesian National Nurse Union. Results of the study showed that in Bali no Surat Bukti Registrasi-Tenaga Pengobat Komplementer Altenatif had been issued. In West Java it had been given to trained doctor and in Central Java given only to doctors in Puskesmas following Jamu Scientification program. MOH Decree no. 1109 of 2007 which controls CAM providers in health facilities were differently perceived by Provincial Health Offices and as a result, implementation and also local policy differed amongst provinces. There were doctors providing herbal medicine services based on MOH Regulation no. 1076 of 2003. Nonetheless, few doctors had implemented Decree on Use of CAM, because there were no provincial collegiums of herbal medicine yet and no standard of competencies had been developed. The requirements to obtain licence for doctor were more complicated than for traditional provider. Keywords: complementary alternative medicine, herbal traditional medicine, licence, policy Abstrak Telah dilakukan suatu studi kualitatif implementasi peraturan-peraturan tentang pengobatan tradisional herbal secara potong lintang di Bali, Jawa Barat dan Jawa Tengah, pada tahun

  7. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  8. Diagenesis: A short (2 million year) story -- Miocene sandstones of central Sumatra, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gluyas, J. [BP Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela); Oxtoby, N. [BP Exploration, Sunbury on Thames (United Kingdom)

    1995-07-03

    The Miocene Sihapas Formation sands of the Central Sumatra Basin (Indonesia) are being cemented by quartz, clay, and carbonate minerals, today. Precipitation of these minerals in the pore spaces has reduced the porosity of the sandstones from 30% to 20%. Four independent sets of data are interpreted to show that cementation began only 2 million years ago and that it is active today: (1) A major reverse fault split a once continuous Sihapas sandstone about two million years ago. In the hanging wall of the fault the Sihapas sand is uncemented. In the footwall the same sandstone is cemented. (2) Compaction-induced porosity loss in these sandstones is the same as that expected for the present burial depth of the sandstones. (3) The temperature at which quartz cement precipitated is the same as the present-day formation temperature. (4) Water trapped within fluid inclusions in the quartz cement is of similar low salinity to the formation water, and the oxygen isotopic composition of the quartz cement and modern formation water are approximately in equilibrium. These data for the Sihapas sandstone add to a growing body of evidence which indicates that cementation of sandstones can occur over geologically short periods of a few millions of years to a few tens of millions of years (Lee et al. 1985; Glassmann et al. 1989; Robinson and Gluyas 1992a).

  9. Fractal Characteristics of Geomorphology Units as Bouguer Anomaly Manifestations in Bumiayu, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agus Nur, Andi; Syafri, Ildrem; Muslim, Dicky; Hirnawan, Febri; Raditya, Pradnya P.; Sulastri, Murni; Abdulah, Fikri

    2016-01-01

    Bumiayu in Central Java, Indonesia, has a typical landform characteristics. Differences of topography on each geomorphological unit indicated by the value of fractal dimension. This research provides important information on the influence of geomorphology conditions and subsurface geological phenomenon of research area based on fractal application. This research methodology relies on laboratory analysis and field observation. Landform is a characteristics of Bouguer anomaly contour manifestation. It is indicated by occurences of significant correlation between the Bouguer anomaly countour and geological cross section as well topography contour slope and Bouguer anomaly contour slope. Based on spatial analysis, morphology of research area is dominated by very high steep hills (more than 60%). Result of Bouguer anomaly countour analysis also shows that research area dominated by very high steep hills (more than 55%). Statistical analysis between the fractal value of lineament in Digital Elevation Model and fractal value of lineament in Bouguer anomaly countour as well the fractal value of topography countour and fractal value of Bouguer anomaly countour shows that the relationship was not significant. Further, the entire result of this verified research shows clearly that geomorphology conditions represents subsurface geological phenomenon.

  10. EKONOMI PEKARANGAN DI PEDESAAN JAWA

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    Dede Mulyanto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan artikel ini adalah untuk menganalisa peran pekarangan sebagai sumber ketersediaan pangan, energi rumahtangga, dan uang tunai bagi rumahtangga petani. Bagi orang Jawa lahan tidak hanya tempat bekerja mereka tetapi sebagai sebuah status sosial, ekoncomi dan politik di masyarakat. Disinilah pekarangan, sebuah lahan kecil di rumah, mengambil peran ketika petani menghadapai kesulitan ekonomi yang dikarenakan lahan garapannya tidak menguntungkan. Rumusan masalahnya adalah bagaimana karakteristik desa Wetankali dan bagaimana bentuk pemanfaatan ekonomi pekarangan yang terjadi di sana. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah etnografis disertai survei dengan kuisioner dan analisis data sekunder. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Wetankali Kecamatan Kutocilik Kabupaten Banyumas. Pekarangan bagi masyarakat Jawa merupakan benteng yang dengannya mereka dapat bertahan hidup. Pekarangan ditanami beberapa jenis tanaman ynag dapat dijual untuk menambah pendapatan rumahtangga petani. Bersaamaan dengan pertumbuhan penduduk yang naik, pekarangan berubah bentuk menjadi semakin sempit karena masyarakat lebih memilih menggunakan lahannya untuk hunian. Akibatnya, untuk rumahtangga miskin, sumber makanan pendukung dan energi murah mulai menghilang. The objective of this article is to analyse the role played by house yards or home garden as source of food storage, household energy, and cash for peasant household. For Javanese peasant, yard was not only a  place for work, but also a space to represent economy and social status. The importance of house yards is felt in difficult situation such as economic crises and corpse failure. Research questions in this anysisis are how about the characteristics of Wetankali village and how about the pattern of using home garden or home yard there. Research method used is etnography with survey using questionaire and secondary data analysis. The research was conducted in Watankali, Kutocilik Banyumas. For Javanese, yards

  11. ANALISIS DETERMINAN KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Dita Wahyu Puspita

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to determine factors of poverty in the province of Central Java period 2008 to 2012. Central Java province was chosen because it has the second highest poverty level among 33 provinces in Indonesia. In this study, the factors that infl uence poverty are the numbers of population live in poverty, unemployment, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP) and literacy rate. The method used is the panel data regression. Panel data is the data that combines the time series and cross-sect...

  12. An overview of the installation, operation, maintenance, and problems associated with electrical submersible pump system in Central Sumatra, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tabe, F.L.L.

    1984-09-01

    P.T. Caltex Pacific Indonesia, operating under a Production Sharing Contract with Pertamina, the State Oil Company of Indonesia, has a production capacity in excess of 750,000 BOPD (119,240m/sup 3/). The company's operations are mainly centered in Riau Province in Central Sumatra, an area of virgin tropical rain forests and is relatively quite under developed. The company has in excess of 1000 electrical submersible pumping units in operation to provide the major method of artificial lift for its operations. All aspects of the provision of electric power and the installation, operation and maintenance of the electric submersible pumping units are conducted by company personnel.

  13. EVALUASI KEPEMIMPINAN BUDAYA JAWA DALAM PANDANGAN DAN PERILAKU KEPALA SEKOLAH DASAR

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Supeni

    2013-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui (1) pandangan kepala sekolah dasar (SD) terhadap nilai-nilai kepemimpinan budaya Jawa, (2) nilai-nilai kepemimpinan  budaya Jawa dalam perilaku  oleh kepala SD, (3) implikasi kebijakan kepala sekolah dasar terhadap nilai-nilai kepemimpinan  budaya Jawa, (4) implikasi teoritis nilai-nilai kepemimpinan budaya Jawa oleh kepala SD, (5) implikasi praktis nilai-nilai kepemimpinan  budaya Jawa oleh kepala sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendeka...

  14. Gender Construction in Pesantren in Johor (Malaysia and Central Java (Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Marhaeni P. Astuti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates gender construction in Islamic boarding schools or 'pesantren' Semarang, Indonesia (Al-Islah and Al-Anshor and Johor, Malaysia (Mahad and Marsah. It was found that despite their different countries and customs, the schools in Indonesia and Malaysia show some similarities, especially in terms of the teaching of Islamic jurisprudence and thei perceptions of the rights of men and women as explained in the Qur'an. However, they differ, especially in terms of the implementation of these in their daily lives. In Johor, Malaysia, men are responsible for activities outside of the households whereas women are in charge of the domestic chores. In Semarang, Indonesia, however, women, despite their household responsibilities, can also work outside. In addition, in terms of polygamy, most people in Johor support it as long as it does not break any religious laws.

  15. Capacity Building on Food-Crop Farming to Improve Food Production and Food Security in Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waridin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the capacity of food-crop production for improving regional food security in Central Java, Indonesia. It is also identify crops which have high and prospective economic-values. The results of the study might help in formulating a proposed model to improve food crops production in supporting food security. The case study was conducted in districts which play the important roles on agriculture (rice production in Central Java, Indonesia. These are Klaten and Magelang districts. Data were collected from farmers and officers from agriculture-related institutions. The results show that Central Java Province has the capacity on food crop (rice production for securing food availability, distribution, and accessibility for people in the region. It has a moderate on food security for the products, and surplus of production have distributed to other regions within the country. However, other food crops still facing shortage of supply since lack of productions. It requires a commitment from government and stakeholders for improving capacity building on agricultural development.

  16. Business and politics in provincial Indonesia: The batik and construction sector in Pekalongan, Central Java

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Savirani

    2015-01-01

    After the fall of Soeharto in 1998, and an increased connection to the global world, politics at the local level in Indonesia have changed significantly. This has contributed to a change in how business is conducted in provincial towns. This thesis explores the changing relationship between the stat

  17. STUDI KOLEKSI REFERENSI RESERVOIR PENYAKIT DI DAERAH ENZOOTIK PES DI JAWA BARAT DAN JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyanto -

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHReservoir Reference Study Collection Disease, particularly rats have been conducted in several areas such as the enzootic plague area in the district of Nongkojajar, Pasuruan, East Java and Ciwidey district, Bandung regency, West Java. These were organized in May-October 2007. The method used for the collection and reference reservoir of disease is rodentia survey methods. Result of the reference collection reservoir of disease is the house rat Rattus tanezumi Nongkojajar found either in the of Pasuruan, East Java (3 rats and the District of Ciwidey (4 rats. Polynesian rat R. exulans, three rats were only found in the District Nongkojajar, whereas three rats R. tiomanicus, three rats were found in Ciwidey. In addition another types of mice were also found 1 Insectivora mice Suncus murinus in the District Ciwidey. Type of rats captured in habitat homes in the District Ciwidey Bandung regency, West Java and Pasuruan, East Java is the same type, namely house rat Rattus tanezumi. Types of mice caught in the habitat garden in the District Ciwidey Bandung regency, West Java (tiomanicus R. tree rats were different from mice found in Pasuruan, East Java (Polynesian rat R. exulans. Local environment in plague enzootic area in Pasuruan, East Java is mountainous and forest conservation area Bromo-Tengger, while District Ciwidey, Bandung is the highland tourism areas / mountainous and agricultural areas.INDONESIAKoleksi referensi reservoir penyakit khususnya tikus telah dilakukan di beberapa daerah enzootik pes seperti di Kecamatan Nongkojajar, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur dan Kecamatan Ciwidey, Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat. Kegiatan tersebut dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei-Oktober 2007. Metode yang digunakan untuk koleksi dan referensi reservoir penyakit adalah metode survei rodensia. Hasil koleksi referensi reservoir penyakit adalah tikus rumah Rattus tanezumi ditemukan baik di Kecamatan Nongkojajar, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur (3 ekor maupun

  18. Short Communication: Growth of seaweed Eucheuma cottonii in multi trophic sea farming systems at Gerupuk Bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUKIMAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sukiman, Faturrahman, Rohyani IS, Ahyadi H. 2014. Growth of seaweed Eucheuma cottonii in multi trophic sea farming systems at Gerupuk Bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia. Nusantara Bioscience 6: 82-85. Eucheuma cottonii is a seaweed commodity that has a high economic value because it contains compounds used as raw materials for industries. Various methods of seaweed farming have been developed, one of which is a system of cultivation Multi Trophic Sea Farming. This study aimed to analyze the growth of E. cottonii by observing the production of biomass in four trophic combinations in the system Multi Trophic Sea Farming. The study was conducted in the area of the marine aquaculture Gerupuk bay, Central Lombok, Indonesia. Experiments were performed on four plots cages with trophic combination treatment as follows: K1 (E. cottonii-lobster-abalone, K2 (E. cottonii-abalone-red carp, K3 (E. cottonii-abalone-grouper, and K4 (E. cottonii-abalone-pomfret fish. Seedling of E. cottonii weighing 50 g was tied to a rope and placed at a depth of 5 cm, 50 cm, 100 cm and 150 cm. Measurement of biomass production was done every ten days until the thirtieth day. The highest biomass production of E. cottonii was obtained in K3 trophic combination (E. cottonii-abalone-grouper fish with a depth of seedlings of 5 cm. The combination of K3 trophic is recommended for cultivation of seaweed in the MTSF system.

  19. ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY WILDLIFE RESERVOIRS OF RABIES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. W. Joseph

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penyakit rabies telah dikenal di Indonesia sejak tahun 1889, dan mengingat tidak adanya data yang diteliti mengenai penderita rabies, maka perlu dilakukan suatu penelitian. Penelitian dilakukan oleh NAMRU-2 bersama Departemen Kesehatan dari tahun 1970-1972 untuk menentukan pengaruh penyakit-penyakit Zoonotic yang endemic pada penduduk yang tidak immune yang sering berpindah ke hutan atau tempat yang tidak ada penduduknya. Penelitian di lakukan pada beberapa daerah pegunungan Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur, Lampung, Maluku, Kalimantan Tengah, Timor dan Sulawesi Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 328 binatang yang diperoleh dari 28 berbagai daerah di Indonesia setelah diadakan pemeriksaan dengan metode fluorecent antibody technique {fat dan inokuler pada tikus putih ternyata tidak ditemukan virus rabies. Binatang-binatang yang ditemukan tersebut dan kebiasaan hidupnya di lukiskan secara terperinci pada hasil penelitian ini.

  20. KERANCUAN FONO-ORTOGRAFIS DAN OTO-FONOLOGIS PADA BAHASA JAWA RAGAM LISAN DAN TULIS DALAM BERITA BAHASA JAWA DI JOGJA TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuly Qurniawati

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Bahasa Jawa dalam tayangan berita Pawartos Ngayogyakarto belum cukup sempurna karena masih ditemukan kesalahan atau kerancuan fono-ortografis dan oto-fonologis dalam pemakaiannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mendeskripsikan kerancuan fono-ortografis dan oto-fonologis pada Bahasa Jawa ragam lisan dan tulis dalam berita Bahasa Jawa di Jogja TV. (2 mengetahui penyebab kerancuan fono-ortografis dan oto-fonologis pada Bahasa Jawa ragam lisan dan tulis dalam berita Bahasa Jawa di Jogja TV. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dengan pendekatan linguistik yang dalam pelaksanaannya menerapkan metode penelitian linguistik. Penelitian ini mengambil data dari lapangan dan kepustakaan. Data utama penelitian ini adalah data lisan, berupa tuturan dalam siaran berita Jogja TV serta wawancara dengan pembaca berita dan juga naskah yang dibaca oleh pembaca berita. Sampel penelitian ini adalah tuturan dalam siaran berita Pawartos Ngayogyakarta yang disiarkan di Jogja TV selama satu bulan di bulan Januari 2011. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan ada empat teknik, yaitu teknik rekam, teknik catat, teknik simak dan teknik cakap. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kesalahan fono-ortografis yang terjadi diantaranya pada fonem vokal /I/,/i/,/e/,/a/,/ǝ/,/o/,/u/, dan konsonan /dh/,/d/,/t/, /th/. Adapun kesalahan dari segi oto-fonologis yang terjadi adalah pada fonem vokal /I/, /i/, /e/, /a/, /ǝ/, /ɛ/,/o/,/u/,/U/,/ɔ/, dan konsonan /ḍh/,/dh/,/ṭ/,/t/. Kesalahan yang terjadi diakibatkan oleh latar belakang sosial budaya dan pendidikan pembaca berita dimana tidak semua pembaca berita berasal dari daerah Jawa Tengah dan DIY serta tidak semua memiliki latar belakang pendidikan Bahasa Jawa

  1. GAMBARAN CEMARAN JAMUR, JAMUR Aspergillus jlavus DAN AFLATOKSIN PADA SIMPLISIA DARI PABRIK JAMU DI PULAU JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Isnawati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Bahan baku obat tradisional (simplisia umumnya berasal dari alam terutama bahan tumbuh­ tumbuhan atau bagian tumbuhan. Bahan-bahan tersebut dapat terkontaminasi mikroba selama penanaman, pengeringan, penyimpanan, sehingga dapat mencemari simplisia. Keadaan lingkungan dan iklim Indonesia sangat menunjang perkembangan jamur dan pembentukan ajlatoksin. Sehingga untuk mengetahui berapa besar cemaran jamur,  jamur Aspergillus flavus dan ajlatoksin pada simplisia, maka dilakukan penelitian mengenai "Gambaran Cemaran Jamur, Jamur A. flavus dan ajlatoksin Pada Simplisia" Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 5 jenis simplisia yang diambil secara purposive dari 5 pabrik di Jakarta dan sekitarnya, 5 pabrik di Jawa Tengah dan 5 pabrik di Jawa Timur. Pemeriksaan angka kapang, jamur A.flavus ditetapkan secara mikrobiologi sedangkan penetapan ajlatoksin ditetapkan secara KLT (kromatografi Lapis Tipis . Hasil penelitian angka kapang menunjukkan bahwa jumlah Kencur, Adas dan Jung rahab masing­-masing 33,33% tidak memenuhi batas persyaratan Kepmenkes No.661/MENKES/SK/VII/1994, sedangkan Laos 22.22% serta Sembung 11,11%. A. jlavus ditemukan pada Adas 77,77% dengan positif ajlatoksin B2 55,55%, pada Kencur ditemukan A. flavus 33,33% dijumpai positif ajlatoksin B1 11,11%, dan pada Laos, Jung Rahab serta Sembung ditemukan A. flavus masing-masing  11,11%. Jung rahab positif ajlatoksin B1 11,11%. Sembung tidak positif ajlatoksin.   Kata  kunci: Kencur, Laos,  Adas, Jung  rahab, Sembung, Jamur, Aspergillus flavus, ajlatoksin

  2. Intestinal parasites of endangered orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in Central and East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Labes, E; Hegglin, D; Grimm, F.; Nurcahyo, W; Harrison, M. E.; Bastian, M L; Deplazes, P.

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARYFaecal samples from 163 captive and semi-captive individuals, 61 samples from wild individuals and 38 samples from captive groups of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in Kalimantan, Indonesia, were collected during one rainy season (November 2005-May 2006) and screened for intestinal parasites using sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin-concentration (SAFC), sedimentation, flotation, McMaster- and Baermann techniques. We aimed to identify factors influencing infection risk for specific...

  3. Business and politics in provincial Indonesia: The batik and construction sector in Pekalongan, Central Java

    OpenAIRE

    Rutten, M.A.F.; van Klinken, G.A.; Nooteboom, G.; Savirani, A.

    2015-01-01

    After the fall of Soeharto in 1998, and an increased connection to the global world, politics at the local level in Indonesia have changed significantly. This has contributed to a change in how business is conducted in provincial towns. This thesis explores the changing relationship between the state and business after decentralization policy in 2001 followed by various technocratic approach in public sector. The study focuses on two business sectors: the batik and construction in Pekalongan,...

  4. Energy use and air pollution in Indonesia. Supply strategies, environmental impacts and pollution control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book summarises the results of the ''Markal Study'', which is part of the scientific cooperation between the Indonesian and German governments. The nine chapters cover: an introduction to Indonesia and the objectives of the study; demographic and economic developments; fast increasing domestic energy use; pollution development on Jawa in the case of insufficient control; risks for ecosystems on Jawa; health risks from air pollution; pollution development and control cost in the case of reduced emissions, carbon dioxide emission analysis, and final recommendations for air quality management. A bibliography of the project reports on which the book is based as well as other sources is presented. (UK)

  5. Drought effects on soil carbon dioxide production in two ecosystems in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Straaten, Oliver

    2010-05-01

    Drought response on soil CO2 production dynamics were examined in two tropical ecosystems in central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Large-scale throughfall displacement roofs were built in a cacao (Theobroma cacao) / Gliricidia sepium agroforestry plantation (560 m.a.s.l.) and in a sub-montane tropical rainforest (1050 m.a.s.l.) to simulate drought conditions. At each site, ecosystem drought responses from three roof plots were compared to three undisturbed control plots. Soil CO2 production was measured spatially at the soil surface and vertically within the soil profile to 2.5 m depth every two weeks. 1. The cacao / Gliricidia ecosystem exhibited a mild drought response. Here, soil CO2 production decreased by 13% in comparison to the control plots during the 13 month induced drought. The mild drought response is attributed to two reasons. First, soil CO2 efflux exhibited an inverse parabolic relationship with soil moisture (R2 = 0.32): soil CO2 efflux peaked at intermediate moisture conditions, but was low when soil conditions became dry (in the induced drought plots), and when the soil became water saturated (in the control plots). This means that respiration differences between control and roof plots may have been masked when soil moisture conditions were saturated in the control and concurrently dry in roof plots. Secondly, the shallow rooted cacao understory grown next to the deeper rooted Gliricidia overstory created a favourable set of site conditions that enabled the ecosystem to mitigate serious drought stress. The experiment had a CO2 neutral effect overall: emissions were initially reduced during the induced drought period but rebounded and surpassed the control during the five month rewetting phase, thus compensating for earlier declines. 2. In contrast, the sub-montane tropical rainforest experienced a severe decrease in soil CO2 production. Here, soil CO2 efflux decreased by an average of 39% in comparison to the control during the 24 month induced drought

  6. SIMULTANEOUS SMALLPOX AND B.C.G. VACCINATION IN INDONESIA

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    Nyoman Kumara Rai

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Vaksinasi cacar dan BCG mulai diberikan secara simultan di Jawa dan Bali pada bulan April 1972 vaksinasi cacar diberikan pada lengan kiri dan BCG pada lengan kanan. Secara berangsur-angsur prograi ini kemudian diperluas kedaerah luar Jawa-Bali, sehingga pada akhir tahun 1973 sudah mencakup seluruh Indonesia. Tenaga yang digunakan adalah para juru cacar yang sudah ada dalam rangka proyek pembasmian penyakit cacar yang dimulai tahun 1968, dan terdapat hampir disemua kecamatan diseluru Indonesia. Ide untuk menggabungkan kedua jenis vaksinasi ini yang kebetulan mempunyai target sam (anak2 0 - 14 thn  timbul setelah penderita cacar tidak dilaporkan lagi dibulan September 1971 (ternyata kemudian letusan cacar terakhir adalah dibulan Desember 1971. Sampai saat itu vaksina BCG dilakukan oleh petugas Puskesmas dan tenaga part timer. Ternyata target tidak pernah tercapa hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh terbatasnya waktu yang tersedia untuk melakukan vaksinasi BCC sehingga para tenaga part timer tsb. hanya mampu mencakup daerah disekitar Puskesmas dan sekolah dasar. Sebelumnya telah diadakan dua trial; yang pertama diadakan di Bandung untuk melihat at tidaknya saling pengaruh mempengaruhi antara kedua jenis vaksin cacar dan BCG bila diberikan pat saat yang bersamaan, sedangkain trial kedua dilakukan untuk menilai kemampuan juru cacar dala melaksanakan vaksinasi BCG serta kesukaran! yang dijumpai dilapangan (masing2 didua kabupaten (Jawa Tengah, Timur dan Yogyakarta. Disamping keuntungan yang diperoleh dari penggabungan kedua jenis vaksinasi ini yakni penghematan tenaga, biaya dan waktu, dijumpai juga beberapa kesukaran antara lain pengumpulan anak2, supply vaksin BCG yang tidak teratur dll. Walaupun demikian, di Jawa dan Bali hasil vaksinasi BCG antara April 1972 sampai dengan April 1973 menunjukkan kenaikan out-put leb dari 4 kali lipat bila dibandingkan dengan out-put sebelum penggabungan, meskipun out-put prin vaksinasi cacar mempunyai tendensi menurun

  7. NASOPHARYNGEAL CARRIAGE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IN HEALTHY CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD IN CENTRAL LOMBOK REGENCY, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadinegoro, Sri Rezeki; Prayitno, Ari; Khoeri, Miftahuddin Majid; Djelantik, I Gusti Gede; Dewi, Nurhandini Eka; Indriyani, Sang Ayu Kompiang; Muttaqin, Zainul; Mudaliana, Siti; Safari, Dodi

    2016-05-01

    Colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae is mostly symptomless, but can progress to respiratory or even systemic disease. We investigated nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in healthy children under five years of age in Central Lombok Regency, Indonesia. This cross sectional study was carried out in 2012 among 1,200 healthy children aged 2 to 60 months. A multiplex sequential PCR was employed to determine serotype of cultured S. pneumoniae and a disk diffusion method to assess susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs. S. pneumoniae was cultured from 554 children and the most frequent serotypes found were 6A/B (22% of pneumococcal strains), 19F (11%), 23F (10%), 15B/C (8%), and 19A and 14 (4% each). The majority of strains were still susceptible to clindamycin (97%), erythromycin (87%), chloramphenicol (81%), and penicillin (72%), with only 41% and 38% susceptible to tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, respectively. Continuous surveillance of S. pneumoniae carriage is important for future pneumococcal vaccination programs in Indonesia. PMID:27405132

  8. Real time earthquake information and tsunami estimation system for Indonesia, Philippines and Central-South American regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulido Hernandez, N. E.; Inazu, D.; Saito, T.; Senda, J.; Fukuyama, E.; Kumagai, H.

    2015-12-01

    Southeast Asia as well as Central-South American regions are within the most active seismic regions in the world. To contribute to the understanding of source process of earthquakes the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention NIED maintains the international seismic Network (ISN) since 2007. Continuous seismic waveforms from 294 broadband seismic stations in Indonesia, Philippines, and Central-South America regions are received in real time at NIED, and used for automatic location of seismic events. Using these data we perform automatic and manual estimation of moment tensor of seismic events (Mw>4.5) by using the SWIFT program developed at NIED. We simulate the propagation of local tsunamis in these regions using a tsunami simulation code and visualization system developed at NIED, combined with CMT parameters estimated by SWIFT. The goals of the system are to provide a rapid and reliable earthquake and tsunami information in particular for large seismic, and produce an appropriate database of earthquake source parameters and tsunami simulations for research. The system uses the hypocenter location and magnitude of earthquakes automatically determined at NIED by the SeisComP3 system (GFZ) from the continuous seismic waveforms in the region, to perform the automated calculation of moment tensors by SWIFT, and then carry out the automatic simulation and visualization of tsunami. The system generates maps of maximum tsunami heights within the target regions and along the coasts and display them with the fault model parameters used for tsunami simulations. Tsunami calculations are performed for all events with available automatic SWIFT/CMT solutions. Tsunami calculations are re-computed using SWIFT manual solutions for events with Mw>5.5 and centroid depths shallower than 100 km. Revised maximum tsunami heights as well as animation of tsunami propagation are also calculated and displayed for the two double couple solutions by SWIFT

  9. Effect of an Educational Intervention Related to Health and Nutrition on Pregnant Women in the Villages of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya-Erhardt, Maria; Muslimatun, Siti; Erhardt, Juergen G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of a health and nutrition educational intervention on maternal knowledge, attitudes and practices. Design: Pre- and post-test design using structured interviews of pregnant women. Setting: Thirty-nine villages in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Method: Pregnant women (N = 252) at 12-20 weeks of gestation were…

  10. Analisis Efisiensi Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Azmal, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    For Bank Indonesia to supervise and regulate banking and Islamic banking including central banks to provide instruments that meet Islamic principles. Then, the potential of Indonesia's Muslim population reaches ± 85% of the 220 million population of Indonesia (2006), provides an opportunity for the rapidly growing Islamic banking sector in Indonesia, by providing alternative financial instruments and banking to customers Muslim Indonesia. In order to capture the occasion, Bank Indonesia as th...

  11. PUJA CARU PADA MASYARAKAT JAWA KUNA

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    Hariani Santiko

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The offering known as caru or macaru is still done in Bali. This macaru in Bali is actually blood sacrifice offered to the lords of the demonds (bebutan or butabala before the Balinese doing a special ritual for instance the Nyepi ceremony. The most important caru is called “caru mancasanak”, they sacrifice animals and other ingredients. The word caru is known in Old-Javanese inscriptions and Old-Javanese/Middle-Javanese texts among others are the Adiparwa, Rāmāyana, Sutasoma, Korawasrama, Calon Arang. However no special explanation on the meaning of the word caru and its rituals.   Keywords: pūjā caru, ambhūtayajña, buburpēhan, pindapitryājña, kunda, homayajña, skul-dinyun.   Korban yang dikenal sebagai caru atau macaru masih dilakukan di Bali. Hal ini macaru di Bali sebenarnya darah pengorbanan yang ditawarkan kepada raja butha (bebutan atau butabala sebelum Bali melakukan ritual khusus misalnya upacara Nyepi. Yang paling penting adalah caru disebut "caru mancasanak", mereka mengorbankan hewan dan bahan lainnya. Kata caru dikenal di prasasti Jawa kuno dan karya sastra Jawa Kuno/Jawa Tengah antara lain adalah Adiparwa, Ramayana, Sutasoma, Korawasrama, Calon Arang. Namun tidak ada penjelasan khusus arti kata caru dan ritualnya. kata kunci: pūjā caru, ambhūtayajña, buburpēhan, pindapitryājña, Kunda, homayajña, skul-dinyun.  

  12. PENGARUH BENTUK ATAP BANGUNAN TRADISIONAL DI JAWA TENGAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KENYAMANAN (Sebuah pencarian model arsitektur tropis untuk aplikasi desain arsitektur

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    Ridwan Sanjaya

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the architectural development recently, form of Java traditional roof is still commonly interested. While it is full of philosophic value, form of Java traditional roof also varies. On the other hand, Java traditional architecture concerns deeply in environmental aspect, which is formed in macro and micro concept as well, in order to become harmony and be comfort to dwell in. However, in the development and the application to modern buildings, which uses modern building materials, the thermal comfort aspect and the sturdy of construction are not considered. Therefore, it is necessary to understand well the basic concept of the forming traditional architecture in the context of trophical architecture and the sturdy of construction.This research aims to give descriptions to society, students and architects, in order to understand the importantance of thermal comfort, which can be achieved by well-designed roof.To achieve the expected result, the research is approached through analizing the sturdy of construction, to the original traditional buildings and the modern buildings using the Java traditional roof as well. The thermal comfort analysis is done with some equipments such as digital thermometer, digital hygrometer and digital anemometer. The research result is design recommendation to adjust the modern material to the form of Java traditional roof. By computer program using Visual Basic, it is expected that the research will be easily understood by society and it can be applied in building design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam perkembangan arsitektur saat ini, bentuk atap tradisional Jawa masih diminati oleh masyarakat. Selain sarat muatan filosofis, bentuk atap tradisional juga bervariasi. Di sisi lain, arsitektur tradisional Jawa sangat memperhatikan aspek lingkungan, yang tertuang dalam konsep makro dan mikro kosmosnya, sehingga selaras dan nyaman untuk dihuni. Namun dalam perkembangan dan penerapan pada bangunan modern, yang

  13. GAMBARAN UMUM SEKTOR UNGGULAN DAN KONTRIBUSI SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR (OLAH DATA TABEL INPUT-OUTPUT PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR TAHUN 2010

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    Azizatun Nurhayati

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan daerah dilakukan dengan memaksimalkan potensi sumber daya yang ada di suatu daerah. Karena sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia adalah petani, maka penting untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap perekonomian suatu daerah. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap multiplier output, pengganda pendapatan, dan pengganda tenaga kerja. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Analisis Input Output yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komoditas tebu berada pada kuadran II, Dari keseluruhan data di atas maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 Komoditas tebu dapat mendorong berkembangnya industri gula di Jawa Timur, (2 di sektor peternakan, subsektor yang dapat dikembangkan adalah pakan ternak, pemotongan hewan, sapi, kambing dan domba, serta ayam (3 di sektor pengolahan subsektor pengolahan es krim, beras, dan penggilingan padi serta rokok. Abstract Local development is held by maximizing potential resources in a particular region. In addition, most of Indonesian people are farmers so it’s important to identify the agriculural contribution in local economic. The aim of this study are to study the contribution of agriculture in ouput multiplier, income multiplier, and employment multiplier. The method which was used in this research was input-output analysis based on Badan Pusat Statistik East Java Province’s data in 2010. From the analysis, we can conclude that the sugarcane was formed in the second quadrant, in which (1sugarcane comodity promoted the sugar industry in East Java Province (2 in livestock subsector, the woof of livestock industry, animals truncation, sheeps, goats, and chicken husbandry (poultry were potentially to be developed (3 in processing subsector which was based on agriculture product, ice cream and processing, rice milling and cigarette were potentially to be developed.

  14. Investigations of selected pathogens among village pigs in Central Papua, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugroho, Widi; Cargill, Colin Frank; Putra, I Made; Kirkwood, Roy Neville; Trott, Darren John; Salasia, Siti Isrina Oktavia; Slipranata, Mitra; Reichel, Michael Philipp

    2016-01-01

    Village pig husbandry is an important part of livestock production in Papua Province, Eastern Indonesia. However, high level of disease and mortality constrains production. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the selected pathogens in village pigs in the Jayawijaya Region of Papua Province, Indonesia. Two studies were conducted: Study 1 determined the prevalence of selected pathogens in dead or moribund pigs sent to the main local market for sale. Study 2 recorded the prevalence of the selected pathogens, on pig farms in the Subdistrict of Wamena that had not recorded a case of pig mortality during the duration of Study 1. Blood samples of individuals from both groups were tested for CSF antigen and antibody, as well as antibody against PCV2. Organs with evident pathological changes from Study 1 and tonsilar swabs from Study 2 were subjected to bacteriological culture and identification of Streptococcus suis and Streptococcus zooepidemicus. Faecal samples from both studies were examined for eggs of strongyle parasites, Trichuris suis, Ascaris suum, Strongyloides ransomi and coccidia. The main infections in both studies were CSF, PCV2 and strongyle parasites, but prevalence was higher in Study 1 (P < 0.05). T. suis and S. zooepidemicus were prevalent in pigs in Study 1, but rare in healthy pigs (P < 0.05). Infections with coccidia, A. suum and S. ransomi were common but did not differ between groups (P < 0.05), with S. suis infections uncommon in both studies. This suggests that infections with CSF, PCV2, strongyle and T. suis are important pathogens in village pig farms in Jayawijaya. Local pig husbandry practices, such as confining pigs and heat-treating pig feeds, may be practical solutions to help minimize infection in village pigs in Jayawijaya. PMID:26381546

  15. Forecasting Inflation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Uma Ramakrishnan; Athanasios Vamvakidis

    2002-01-01

    A reliable inflation-forecasting model is central for a sound monetary policy framework. In this paper, we study the domestic and international transmission effects on inflation in Indonesia and analyze the possible leading indicators of inflation. We identify the exchange rate, foreign inflation, and monetary growth as the main variables with a significant predictive power for inflation in Indonesia.

  16. TOLERANSI ANTAR PENGANUT NAHDHATUL ULAMA, MUHAMMADIYAH, DAN KRISTEN JAWA DI BATANG

    OpenAIRE

    Adistya Iqbal Irfani,; Moh Yasir Alimi; Rini Iswari

    2013-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi bentuk toleransi dan faktor pendorong dan faktor penghambat toleransi masyarakat Jawa dengan studi kasus di Dukuh Medono Kabupaten Batang. Di dukuh tersebut, penganut organisasi agama seperti NU, Muhammadiyah dan Kristen Jawa di Dukuh Medono saling hidup rukun. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa toleransi antar penganut NU, Muhammadiyah, Kristen Jawa tamp...

  17. Konsentrasi Ekspor Provinsi Jawa Tengah

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    Tri Wahyu Rejekiningsih

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The research objective was to identify the export focus of Central Java Province, in commodities side and market side. The data which used are secondary data which had been published by BPS and other source which have linkage. The research objects was the amount and export value of Central Java Province, which consists of some kinds of commodities and the destination countries, on 2001-2009. The analysis revealed that there are five dominant comodities of Central Java province export, they are: threads and textile industry; other industries; BBM; wood industry; cork and straw; and cattle breeding. The threads and textile industry comodity was become the export concentration. Other that, also revealed that there are five export destination countries, they are : USA; Japan; Singapore; Germany; and Republic of Korea, and the USA become the market concentration of Central Java province exports. Based on the identification, threads and textile industry consist of 52 goods, and has large either amount or export value. So if compared with other export comodities, then threads and textile industry comodity dominant the Central Java province’s exports. While USA’s market dominants export destination of Central Java province, because based on the data from BPS known that export to USA includes 6 (six comodities, which are: threads and textile industry; machine industry, electricity and electronic; fur and fur industry; wood industry; cork and straw; cattle breeding; and other industries.

  18. Socioeconomic and familial characteristics influence caretakers' adherence to the periodic vitamin A capsule supplementation program in Central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pangaribuan, Rosnani; Scherbaum, Veronika; Erhardt, Jürgen G; Sastroamidjojo, Soemilah; Biesalski, Hans K

    2004-06-01

    The adherence of program participants to periodic vitamin A capsule (VAC) supplementation among children aged 1-5 years (n = 677) in Central Java, Indonesia was assessed. Fourteen villages from five sub-districts and one ward from one sub-district in Central Java were included in the study to represent rural and suburban areas. All questions about demographic factors, socioeconomic conditions, current dietary practice and healthcare-seeking attitudes for common childhood illnesses, previous breastfeeding experience, their knowledge about vitamin A and adherence to the VAC program after capsule distribution (two periods in 2000) were asked. Caretakers with limited knowledge about the health benefits of vitamin A, households with more than one preschool child, and households with older children (> 36 months) were associated with a decreased likelihood of regular participation in the program with odds ratios of 0.38, 0.55, and 0.26, respectively (p marketing should be re-emphasized and other potential delivery channels, such as private healthcare practices, could also contribute to an increase adherence of supplementation program. PMID:15233189

  19. Intestinal parasites of endangered orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in Central and East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labes, E M; Hegglin, D; Grimm, F; Nurcahyo, W; Harrison, M E; Bastian, M L; Deplazes, P

    2010-01-01

    Faecal samples from 163 captive and semi-captive individuals, 61 samples from wild individuals and 38 samples from captive groups of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in Kalimantan, Indonesia, were collected during one rainy season (November 2005-May 2006) and screened for intestinal parasites using sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin-concentration (SAFC), sedimentation, flotation, McMaster- and Baermann techniques. We aimed to identify factors influencing infection risk for specific intestinal parasites in wild orangutans and individuals living in captivity. Various genera of Protozoa (including Entamoeba, Endolimax, Iodamoeba, Balantidium, Giardia and Blastocystis), nematodes (such as Strongyloides, Trichuris, Ascaris, Enterobius, Trichostrongylus and hookworms) and one trematode (a dicrocoeliid) were identified. For the first time, the cestode Hymenolepis was detected in orangutans. Highest prevalences were found for Strongyloides (individuals 37%; groups 58%), hookworms (41%; 58%), Balantidium (40%; 61%), Entamoeba coli (29%; 53%) and a trichostrongylid (13%; 32%). In re-introduction centres, infants were at higher risk of infection with Strongyloides than adults. Infection risk for hookworms was significantly higher in wild males compared with females. In groups, the centres themselves had a significant influence on the infection risk for Balantidium. Ranging patterns of wild orangutans, overcrowding in captivity and a shift of age composition in favour of immatures seemed to be the most likely factors leading to these results. PMID:19765342

  20. A Preliminary Study on Rainfall Interception Loss and Water Yield Analysis on Arabica Coffee Plants in Central Aceh Regency, Indonesia

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    Reza Benara

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Rainfall interception loss from plants or trees can reduce a net rainfall as source of water yield. The amount of rainfall interception loss depends on kinds of plants and hydro-meteorological characteristics. Therefore, it is important to study rainfall interception loss such as from Arabica Coffee plantation which is as main agricultural commodity for Central Aceh Regency. In this study, rainfall interception loss from Arabica Coffee plants was studied in Kebet Village of Central Aceh Regency, Indonesia from January 20 to March 9, 2011. Arabica coffee plants used in this study was 15 years old, height of 1.5 m and canopy of 4.567 m2. Rainfall interception loss was determined based on water balance approach of daily rainfall, throughfall, and stemflow data. Empirical regression equation between rainfall interception loss and rainfall were adopted as a model to estimate rainfall interception loss from Arabica Coffee plantation, which the coefficient of correlation, r is 0.98. In water yield analysis, this formula was applied and founded that Arabica Coffee plants intercept 76% of annual rainfall or it leaved over annual net rainfall 24% of annual rainfall. Using this net rainfall, water yield produced from Paya Bener River which is the catchment area covered by Arabica Coffee plantation was analyzed in a planning of water supply project for water needs domestic of 3 sub-districts in Central Aceh Regency. Based on increasing population until year of 2025, the results showed that the water yield will be not enough from year of 2015. However, if the catchment area is covered by forest, the water yield is still enough until year of 2025

  1. Indonesia; Statistical Appendix

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1999-01-01

    The statistical data on developments in gross domestic product by sector of origin and by expenditure, agricultural production, production, domestic use, and exports of petroleum, approvals of foreign investment projects by economic sector, indices of inflation, consumer price index, summary of central government operations, and central government revenue of Indonesia are presented in the paper. The data on details of nontax receipts, Bank Indonesia liquidity support, foreign exchange and equ...

  2. The impact of the warm phase of ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) events on water resource availability of tropical catchments in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Leemhuis, C.; Gerold, G.

    2006-01-01

    Precipitation anomalies caused by the warm phase (El Niño) of the ENSO cycle lead to a strong decrease of water resources in South-East Asia. The aim of this work is to study the impact of warm phase ENSO caused precipitation anomalies on the water balance of a mesoscale tropical catchment in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia using a scenario analysis. We applied statistically generated precipitation anomalies caused by warm phase ENSO events on a validated hydrological model...

  3. Pedo-sedimentary dynamics of the Sangiran dome hominid bearing layers (Early to Middle Pleistocene, central Java, Indonesia) : a palaeopedological approach for reconstructing 'Pithecanthropus' (Javanese Homo erectus) palaeoenvironment

    OpenAIRE

    Brasseur, B.; Sémah, F.; Sémah, Anne-Marie; Djubiantono, T.

    2015-01-01

    Fossil soils and pedosediments displayed in Quaternary fossil-bearing formations are an important proxy to describe the evolution of climates and environments. Through a study of the palaeosols in the Sangiran dome, a rich hominid-bearing site of central Java (Indonesia), we characterized their record of terrestrialization through regional volcano-tectonic activity and describe palaeoenvironments colonized by hominids. The thick sedimentary formations of the Sangiran dome are known to reflect...

  4. Impact of a social marketing campaign promoting dark-green leafy vegetables and eggs in central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pee, S; Bloem, M W; Satoto; Yip, R; Sukaton, A; Tjiong, R; Shrimpton, R; Muhilal; Kodyat, B

    1998-01-01

    In order to work towards further reduction of vitamin A deficiency in central Java, Indonesia, a social marketing campaign promoting eggs and dark-green leafy vegetables was initiated in March 1996. The nutritional surveillance system (December 1995-December 1996) found the following. The campaign's messages were well noticed. Consumption of at least one egg in the past week increased from 80% to 92% in mothers and from 78% to 92% in children 12-36 months old. It increased in all socio-economic groups and was independent of ownership of chickens. Most eggs had been purchased. The quantity of vegetables prepared increased from 93 to 111 g/person daily and most was purchased. Vitamin A intake increased from 335 to 371 RE/d for mothers and from 130 to 160 RE/d for children. Serum retinol levels increased after the start of the campaign, and were related to egg consumption and vitamin A intake. Because 1. data were collected in such a way that respondents were not aware of the link between data collected and the campaign, and 2. vitamin A status increased and was related to increased consumption of eggs and vitamin A intake, we conclude that the social marketing campaign was successful. PMID:9857267

  5. Textural transition in an aragonite travertine formed under various flow conditions at Pancuran Pitu, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okumura, Tomoyo; Takashima, Chizuru; Shiraishi, Fumito; Akmaluddin; Kano, Akihiro

    2012-07-01

    A large travertine mound at Pancuran Pitu, Central Java, Indonesia, displays various types of lamination reflecting different hydrological conditions. To understand the geomicrobiological processes of the laminated travertines, we investigated the mound's hydrology, water chemistry, texture, microbial composition, and volume percentage of carbonate mineral (VPC). We identified four types of travertines: dense travertine (80% VPC, flow rate ~ 200 cm/s), lithified microbial travertine (60% VPC, flow rate ~ 70 cm/s), fragile microbial travertine (30% VPC, flow rate ~ 10 cm/s), and poorly lithified microbial mat (growth cycles of filamentous cyanobacteria. The daytime surface of this travertine appeared to be sub-mm-thick cyanobacterial biofilm with spheroidal aggregates of aragonite, which covered a crystalline layer consisting of radially expanded needle crystals. The crystalline layer was likely formed during the night when the cyanobacterial growth was interrupted. These regularly laminated travertines fabrics appeared to be similar to certain Precambrian stromatolites. Regularity of the lamination was less in the other two microbe-rich types at low-flow sites. The majority of the aragonite occurred as spherical aggregates within the microbial mat, although thin (10-50 μm) crystal layers in the fragile microbial travertine may indicate daily intervals. As represented in the relationship among the VPC, flow rate, and precipitation rate of aragonite, the travertines were more consolidated with increasing hydrodynamic energy because of the activation of carbonate precipitation and the inhibition of thick cyanobacterial biofilm development.

  6. Analysis of viral protein-2 encoding gene of avian encephalomyelitis virus from field specimens in Central Java region, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Haryanto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Avian encephalomyelitis (AE is a viral disease which can infect various types of poultry, especially chicken. In Indonesia, the incidence of AE infection in chicken has been reported since 2009, the AE incidence tends to increase from year to year. The objective of this study was to analyze viral protein 2 (VP-2 encoding gene of AE virus (AEV from various species of birds in field specimen by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR amplification using specific nucleotides primer for confirmation of AE diagnosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 13 AEV samples are isolated from various species of poultry which are serologically diagnosed infected by AEV from some areas in central Java, Indonesia. Research stage consists of virus samples collection from field specimens, extraction of AEV RNA, amplification of VP-2 protein encoding gene by RT-PCR, separation of RT-PCR product by agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA sequencing and data analysis. Results: Amplification products of the VP-2 encoding gene of AEV by RT-PCR methods of various types of poultry from field specimens showed a positive results on sample code 499/4/12 which generated DNA fragment in the size of 619 bp. Sensitivity test of RT-PCR amplification showed that the minimum concentration of RNA template is 127.75 ng/μl. The multiple alignments of DNA sequencing product indicated that positive sample with code 499/4/12 has 92% nucleotide homology compared with AEV with accession number AV1775/07 and 85% nucleotide homology with accession number ZCHP2/0912695 from Genbank database. Analysis of VP-2 gene sequence showed that it found 46 nucleotides difference between isolate 499/4/12 compared with accession number AV1775/07 and 93 nucleotides different with accession number ZCHP2/0912695. Conclusions: Analyses of the VP-2 encoding gene of AEV with RT-PCR method from 13 samples from field specimen generated the DNA fragment in the size of 619 bp from one sample with

  7. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    T. Ekowati; D.H. Darwanto; S. Nurtini; A. Suryantini

    2011-01-01

    The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattle farming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri) were purposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ). The study was conducted using quota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling. Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results showed that each subsystem agribusiness ha...

  8. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Caleb T. Gallemore; Rut Dini. Prasti H.; Moira Moeliono

    2014-01-01

    Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We analyzed the effects of discursive divides on collaboration on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) policy development in Central Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo selected in 2010 to p...

  9. Short-term poverty dynamics of rural households: Evidence from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    van Edig, Xenia; Schwarze, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day expressed in pu...

  10. Restoring State Control Over Forest Resources Through Administrative Procedures: Evidence From a Community Forestry Programme in Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Maryudi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, community forestry has emerged as a means to reform power constellations with regard to forest governance. Through community forestry, the central state promised to devolve several forest rights to local communities and encouraged them to get involved in decision making processes and the implementation of forest activities. However, experience in some countries indicates that the implementation of community forestry programmes is rarely followed by genuine power devolution to local forest users. Instead, these programmes may even serve as a means to retain or restore the central state’s control over forests. Using a case study of a community forestry programme implemented in Java, Indonesia, by a state forest company, this paper argues that the implementation of community forestry is also driven by the state’s interests to regain control over the forests. Research in eight villages in Central Java province reveals that the community forestry programmes are carefully structured according to numerous administrative procedures and estab- lish a mode of control through a bureaucratic design. ----- In den letzten Jahren hat sich community forestry als Mittel zur Reform von Machtkonstellationen in Bezug auf die Verwaltung von Wäldern herausgebildet. Der Zentralstaat versprach durch community forestry bestimmte Waldrechte an lokale Communities abzugeben und ermutigte sie, sich an Entscheidungsprozessen und der Implementierung von Forstaktivitäten zu beteiligen. Erfahrungen in einigen Ländern zeigen jedoch, dass die Implementierung von community forestry-Programmen selten mit einem tatsächlichen Machttransfer an lokale ForstnutzerInnen einhergeht, sondern diese Programme sogar als Mittel zur Rückgewinnung von zentralstaatlicher Kontrolle über Wälder dienen können. Anhand eines Fallbeispiels eines community forestry-Programms, das in Java, Indonesien, von einem staatlichen Forstunternehmen implementiert wird, argumentiere ich

  11. Modelling rainfall interception in unlogged and logged forest areas of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Asdak

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Rainfall interception losses were monitored for twelve months and related to vegetation and rainfall characteristics at the Wanariset Sangai on the upper reaches of the Mentaya river, Central Kalimantan. The rainfall interception losses were quantified for one hectare each of unlogged and logged humid tropical rainforests. The results show that interception loss is higher in the unlogged forest (11% of total gross rainfall than in the logged forest (6%. Interception loss was also simulated by the modified Rutter model and Gash's original and revised models. Both the Rutter and revised Gash models predicted total interception loss over a long period adequately, and resulted in estimates of the interception loss that deviated by 6 to 14% of the measured values, for both the unlogged and logged plots.

  12. Makna Arsitektur Masjid Pakualaman dalam Tinjauan Kosmologi Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Hasyim

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Masjid memiliki arti penting dalam kebudayaan dan peradaban Islam. Masjidtidak hanya sebagai simbol kebesaran Islam tetapi juga menjadi simbol harmoni kehidupan manusia dengan alam lingkungan. Melalui  pendekatan sejarah dan arkeologi penelitian ini menemukan bahwa Masjid  Pakulaman memiliki keterkaitan dengan perkembangan kebudayaan Jawa.  Secara utuh bangunan Masjid Pakualaman merupakan perpaduan antara  unsur Hindu Jawa dan Islam sebagai bentuk yang saratdengan makna kosmologis dan kaya   harmonisasi kehidupan spiritual. Harmonisasi tersebut dapat dilihat dari bentuk atap tajuk dengan mustaka berbentuk gada, ornamensulur bunga dan gapura pintu utama.

  13. Kinematic Analysis of Fault-Slip Data in the Central Range of Papua, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benyamin Sapiie

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Cenozoic tectonic evolution in New Guinea is a result of obliquely convergent motion that ledto an arc-continent collision between the Australian and Pacific Plates. The Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg Mining District(GBMD is located in the Central Range of Papua, in the western half of the island of New Guinea. This study presentsthe results of detailed structural mapping concentrated on analyzing fault-slip data along a 15-km traverse of theHeavy Equipment Access Trail (HEAT and the Grasberg mine access road, providing new information concerning thedeformation in the GBMD and the Cenozoic structural evolution of the Central Range. Structural analysis indicatesthat two distinct stages of deformation have occurred since ~12 Ma. The first stage generated a series of en-echelonNW-trending (π-fold axis = 300° folds and a few reverse faults. The second stage resulted in a significant left-lateralstrike-slip faulting sub-parallel to the regional strike of upturned bedding. Kinematic analysis reveals that the areasbetween the major strike-slip faults form structural domains that are remarkably uniform in character. The changein deformation styles from contractional to a strike-slip offset is explained as a result from a change in the relativeplate motion between the Pacific and Australian Plates at ~4 Ma. From ~4 - 2 Ma, transform motion along an ~ 270°trend caused a left-lateral strike-slip offset, and reactivated portions of pre-existing reverse faults. This action had aprofound effect on magma emplacement and hydrothermal activity.

  14. The preliminary results: Seismic ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography around Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trichandi, Rahmantara, E-mail: rachmantara.tri@gmail.com [Geophysical Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 40132, Bandung (Indonesia); Yudistira, Tedi; Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Zulhan, Zulfakriza [Earth Science Graduate Program, Faculty of Earth Science and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, 40132 (Indonesia); Saygin, Erdinc [Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2015-04-24

    Ambient noise tomography is relatively a new method for imaging the shallow structure of the Earth subsurface. We presents the application of this method to produce a Rayleigh wave group velocity maps around the Merapi Volcano, Central Java. Rayleigh waves group velocity maps were reconstructed from the cross-correlation of ambient noise recorded by the DOMERAPI array which consists 43 broadband seismometers. In the processing stage, we first filtered the observation data to separatethe noise from the signal that dominated by the strong volcanic activities. Next, we cross-correlate the filtered data and stack to obtain the Green’s function for all possible station pairs. Then we carefully picked the peak of each Green’s function to estimate the dispersion trend and appliedMultiple Filter Technique to obtain the dispersion curve. Inter-station group velocity curvesare inverted to produceRayleigh wave group velocity maps for periods 1 to 10 s. The resulted Rayleigh group velocity maps show the interesting features around the Merapi Volcano which generally agree with the previous studies. Merapi-Lawu Anomaly (MLA) is emerged as a relatively low anomaly in our group velocity maps.

  15. HYPOVIRULENT ISOLATES OF FUSARIUM COLLECTED FROM CHILI CROPS IN BOYOLALI REGENCY, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supyani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Fusarium, a genus of filamentous fungi, has many species which serving as important pathogens to many diseases in crops. Till today, there have not been effective and efficient control methods for such fungi. Recently, scientists agree that application of biological agents is a tactful choice. Development of hypovirulent strains of fungus as biocontrol agents is very limited. This research was aimed to find hypovirulent isolates of Fusarium from field as biological agents. A hundred isolates of Fusarium from chili were collected in Boyolali, Central Java. Morphological characterization revealed that isolates performed varied colony phenotypes. Based on colony phenotype pattern, isolates were classified into five groups. From each group, one hypovirulent isolate was selected based on colony growth rate on potato dextrose agar media. The selected hypovirulent isolates were used for virulence assay in apple. The result showed that there were four hypovirulent isolates i.e.: B6, C15, D19, and E20 isolates. Total RNA extraction of the identified hypovirulent isolates revealed the existence of viral RNA in C15 isolate. Based on the existence of viral RNA in C15 isolate, the hypovirulent traits were due to mycoviral infection, whereas the hypovirulent traits performed by the other three were due to genetic factors.

  16. Extensional fault-bend folding and synrift deposition: An example from the Central Sumatra basin, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaw, J.H.; Hook, S.C. [Texaco Exploration and Production Technology Dept., Houston, TX (United States); Sitohang, E.P. [PT CALTEX Pacific Indonesia, Pekanbaru (Indonesia)

    1997-03-01

    We describe an analytical method for interpreting the geometry and structural history of asymmetric half grabens in rift basins with extensional fault-bend fold theory. Using seismic reflection profiles from the Central Sumatra basin and balanced forward models, we show how local variations in tectonic subsidence relative to deposition rates yield distinctive patterns of folded synrift strata and unconformities that record basin history. If the deposition rate exceeds the local subsidence rate, folded growth strata form upwardly narrowing kink bands that have been described previously as growth triangles. In contrast, if the deposition rate is less than or equals the local subsidence rate, growth strata are folded and truncated at the surface on half-graben margins. Subsequent increases in deposition rate relative to subsidence rate form angular unconformities near the half-graben margins. These unconformities develop without the necessity of erosion and are folded by continuing fault slip. Strata above and below the unconformities are concordant in the deeper parts of the half grabens. Thus, angular unconformities on half-graben margins are helpful for defining sequence boundaries that may reflect changes in deposition and tectonic subsidence rates. In addition, fault-bend fold interpretations yield fault geometry and measures of horizontal extension, both of which control three-dimensional half-graben geometry and accommodation space. We show how along-strike variations in fault geometry produce intrabasinal structures that may form prospective fair-ways or local depocenters.

  17. Sedimentology and diagenesis of a rift basin lacustrine sandstone: Pematang group, central Sumatra, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Janks, J.S.; Kelley, P.A.; Williams, H.H.

    1986-05-01

    The Central Sumatra basin is a back-arc basin that formed during the Paleocene as a series of half-graben structures. These early formed half-graben structures were filled with nonmarine clastics and lacustrine sediments of the Pematang Group, sourced from local highland areas. The Pematang Group consists of the Lower Red Beds, Brown Shale, Coal Zone Member, and Lake Fill Formation (in ascending order). The Pematang Group sedimentology is intimately related to the regional and basinal tectonic development and history. Sandstones of the Pematang Group are predominantly sublitharenites and litharenites; feldspars are rare. Sandstone diagenesis is relatively uniform regardless of the depositional environment. Diagenetic modifications include compaction, early calcite and dolomite cementation, quartz overgrowth formation, unstable rock-fragment dissolution, kaolinite precipitation, siderite formation, and local illite formation. Secondary porosity accounts for up to 50% of the effective porosity and was created by rock-fragment dissolution. This dissolution is probably caused by the organic acids released during kerogen maturation. Stable isotope data from diagenetic siderite are presented.

  18. Discovery and development of the Petapahan oil field, Central Sumatra. [Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roezin, S.

    1974-01-01

    The Petapahan oil field is located about 60 km west of Pekanbaru, the capital of Riau Province and just north of Tapung Kiri River in central Sumatra. The field covers approx. 3,200 acres. At the end of 1973, 17 wells had been drilled in the field with 2 dry holes. Of the remaining 15 wells, 12 are on production and 3 are shut in, awaiting production testing. Production of 33/sup 0/ API gravity oil is obtained from 3 separate sandstone reservoirs at the rate of approx. 40,000 bpd. Cumulative production to Dec. 31, 1973 was 14.7 million bbl of oil. Oil was discovered in 3 separate sands in the lower Miocene Sihapas Group. The sands, designated as A, B, and C, are divided on their differences in reservoir characteristics with 12 ft (3.5 m), 30 ft (9 m), and 114 ft (35 m) of respective net pays. The Petapanhan structure extends northwest-southeast along the S. flank of a deep Tertiary basin. The 2 lithologic units of interest in the Petapahan field are (1) the lower Miocene Sihapas Group which is composed predominantly of porous quartzose sandstone with silt and shale interbeds, and is the reservoir unit; and (2) the overlying lower to middle Miocene Telisa Formation is predominantly shale with thin sandstone interbeds; it is the effective cap rock and is also considered the likely source bed for oil generation.

  19. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caleb T. Gallemore

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We analyzed the effects of discursive divides on collaboration on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+ policy development in Central Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo selected in 2010 to pilot subnational REDD+ policy. We argue that the complexities of bridging local land management practices and technical approaches to greenhouse gas emissions reduction and carbon offsetting create barriers to cross-scale collaboration. We tested these hypotheses using an exponential random graph model of collaboration among 36 organizations active in REDD+ policy in the province. We found that discursive divides were associated with a decreased probability of collaboration between organizations and that organizations headquartered outside the province were less likely to collaborate with organizations headquartered in the province. We conclude that bridging discursive communities presents a chicken-and-egg problem for cross-scale governance of social-ecological systems. In precisely the situations where it is most important, when bridging transnational standards with local knowledge and land management practices, it is the most difficult.

  20. The preliminary results: Seismic ambient noise Rayleigh wave tomography around Merapi volcano, central Java, Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ambient noise tomography is relatively a new method for imaging the shallow structure of the Earth subsurface. We presents the application of this method to produce a Rayleigh wave group velocity maps around the Merapi Volcano, Central Java. Rayleigh waves group velocity maps were reconstructed from the cross-correlation of ambient noise recorded by the DOMERAPI array which consists 43 broadband seismometers. In the processing stage, we first filtered the observation data to separatethe noise from the signal that dominated by the strong volcanic activities. Next, we cross-correlate the filtered data and stack to obtain the Green’s function for all possible station pairs. Then we carefully picked the peak of each Green’s function to estimate the dispersion trend and appliedMultiple Filter Technique to obtain the dispersion curve. Inter-station group velocity curvesare inverted to produceRayleigh wave group velocity maps for periods 1 to 10 s. The resulted Rayleigh group velocity maps show the interesting features around the Merapi Volcano which generally agree with the previous studies. Merapi-Lawu Anomaly (MLA) is emerged as a relatively low anomaly in our group velocity maps

  1. Radiation application in Indonesia present and future prospect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    National nuclear energy agency of Indonesia has made a great effort to promote the application of nuclear science and technology for Indonesian prosperity and development. The agency has successfully developed different varieties of prominent seeds of rice and soybean by using radiation mutation technique. Both rice seeds and soybean seeds have been widely planted in several provinces and they have made a great beneficial to Indonesian farmer. For example, the newest variety of rice seed, namely cilosari, has been planted in 25 thousand acre of sawah field at Nusa tenggara barat, Jawa barat and Bengkulu provinces. Total production of paddy rice in around 125 thousands tons were reported. These significantly contribution are very useful particularly to overcome the lack of food during the last two years of Indonesia's economic crisis. At present three categories of irradiation facilities are available in Indonesia. Those irradiation facilities are displayed. (author)

  2. DARI MANTRI HINGGA DOKTER JAWA: STUDI KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH KOLONIAL DALAM PENANGANAN PENYAKIT CACAR DI JAWA ABAD XIX - XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baha'uddin

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes health service in Java society in the past (in nineteenth and early twentieth century, especially about the colonial government policy to handle smallpox cases. It seems that the success of this policy depends on the role of mantri and dokter djawa. The emotional and cultural propinquity between Java society and mantra and and dokter Jawa was the key success of smallpox vaccination. Mantri and dokter Jawa also attempted to expand the access of curative care from hospitals to the native society.

  3. Land use change effects on trace gas fluxes in the forest margins of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veldkamp, Edzo; Purbopuspito, Joko; Corre, Marife D.; Brumme, Rainer; Murdiyarso, Daniel

    2008-06-01

    Land use changes and land use intensification are considered important processes contributing to the increasing concentrations of the greenhouse gases nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) and of nitric oxide (NO), a precursor of ozone. Studies on the effects of land use changes and land use intensification on soil trace gas emissions were mostly conducted in Latin America and only very few in Asia. Here we present results from Central Sulawesi where profound changes in land use and cultivation practices take place: traditional agricultural practices like shifting cultivation and slash-and-burn agriculture are replaced by permanent cultivation systems and introduction of income-generating cash crops like cacao. Our results showed that N2O emissions were higher from cacao agroforestry (35 ± 10 μg N m-2 h-1) than maize (9 ± 2 μg N m-2 h-1), whereas intermediate rates were observed from secondary forests (25 ± 11 μg N m-2 h-1). NO emissions did not differ among land use systems, ranging from 12 ± 2 μg N m-2 h-1 for cacao agroforestry and secondary forest to 18 ± 2 μg N m-2 h-1 for maize. CH4 uptake was higher for maize (-30 ± 4 μg C m-2 h-1) than cacao agroforestry (-18 ± 2 μg C m-2 h-1) and intermediate rates were measured from secondary forests (-25 ± 4 μg C m-2 h-1). Combining these data with results from other studies in this area, we present chronosequence effects of land use change on trace gas emissions from natural forest, through maize cultivation, to cacao agroforestry (with or without fertilizer). Compared to the original forests, this typical land use change in the study area clearly led to higher N2O emissions and lower CH4 uptake with age of cacao agroforestry systems. We conclude that this common land use sequence in the area combined with the increasing use of fertilizer will strongly increase soil trace gas emissions. We suggest that the future hot spot regions of high N2O (and to a lesser extend NO) emissions in the tropics are those

  4. Keterkaitan Sektor Ekonomi di Provinsi Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okto Dasa Matra Suharjo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Keterkaitan antar sektor adalah salah satu faktor penting dalam pengembangan wilayah maupun dalam teori ekonomi regional. Dengan adanya keterkaitan antar sektor ini maka diharapkan mampu meningkatkan perekonomian suatu wilayah. Provinsi Jawa Timur memiliki pertumbuhan ekonomi tertinggi dan lebih tinggi jika dibandingkan dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi nasioal. Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi tersebut dapat tumbuh lebih besar lagi jika ditopang dengan keterkaitan antar sektor ekonomi. Dari hasil perhitungan analisis Input-Output menunjukkan bahwa seluruh sektor memiliki keterkaitan, baik keterkaitan ke depan maupun keterkaitan ke belakang, namun keterkaitan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah yang memiliki keterkaitan relatif kuat (FL>1 atau BL>1. Dari kesembilan sektor, hasil perhitungan keterkaitan ke depan dan keterkaitan ke belakang menunjukkan bahwa sektor yang paling banyak memiliki keterkaitan ke depan relaif kuat dengan sektor lain adalah sektor industri pengolahan yang memiliki keterkaitan relatif kuat dengan seluruh sektor. Sedangkan untuk keterkaitan ke belakang, sektor industri pengolahan memiliki keterkaitan ke belakang relatif kuat hampir dengan seluruh sektor, namun hanya sektor konstruksi yang tidak memiliki keterkaitan ke belakang relatif kuat dengan sektor industri pengolahan.

  5. Effects of land-use changes on evapotranspiration of tropical rain forest margin area in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia): Modelling study with a regional SVAT model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olchev, A.; Ibrom, Andreas; Priess, J.;

    2008-01-01

    of the areas covered by tropical rain forests, i.e. about 15%, and an increase of agricultural (coffee plantations, corn and rice fields) and urban areas. Moreover, the scenario assumes a small increase of grassland areas as well. The results of modelling experiments show that 15% deforestation of the study......The impact of deforestation and land-use changes on evapotranspiration of mountainous tropical rain forest area in the northern part of the Lore-Lindu National Park (LLNP) in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia) was quantified using a regional process-based SVAT model "SVAT-Regio". Description...

  6. Impact of rainforest conversion on water yield, seasonal flow and floods in a tropical catchment in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinhans, A.; Gerold, G.

    2003-04-01

    Smallholder agriculture is playing an important role in rainforest conversion in the humid tropics. After conversion by smallholders the created landscape is characterized by a patchwork of different land use types in ever smaller patches undergoing a gradual change from forest dominated patches via annual crops to perennial plantation interspersed by secondary forest, pasture and annual crops. Our mountainous research area along the rainforest margin area of the Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia shows in an exemplary manner this sequence of conversion with natural forest at the mountainous upland and perennial plantation at the lowland connected by a moving transition zone of annual crops and young plantation. There, we are investigating the hydrological responses to the gradual conversions on the hydrological behaviour of low flows and high flows in a small catchment area and the factors causing these changes. To fulfil the goal we use a modified catchment approach with three weirs including water level recorders along the river with each weir representative for one predominant land use type. This design allows to measure the influence of land use changes on the water fluxes with the undisturbed headwater catchment serving as a reference. Additionally the meteorological inputs are measured with two automatic weather stations and four automatic rain gauges. On plot scale 30 soil water content measurement plots have been installed and soil physical properties in the different land use types have been measured to validate the results on catchment scale. Since the measurements started in 2001 our first results show an increase in the yearly water yield in the recently logged transition zone in comparison to the natural forest. Especially during low flow conditions water yield from converted areas is higher in comparison to natural forest. Reasons can be found in the reduced evapotranspiration after removal of the natural forest canopy. Floods

  7. Jaringan Sosial Gereja Kristen Jawi Wetan (Gkjw Dengan Pondok Pesantren Di Malang Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retnowati Retnowati

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakHubungan Islam dan Kristen di Indonesia selalu menarik untuk dibahas karena penuh dengan dinamika dan konflik. Data secara langsung diperoleh dari Muslim (Pondok Pesantren dan Kristen (Gereja Kristen Jawi Wetan di Malang, Jawa Timur, dengan cara wawancaramendalam, pengamatan terlibat, dan didukung dengan studi kepustakaan. Analisis data dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian iniadalah jaringan sosial. GKJW (Gereja Kristen Jawi Wetan dan Pondok Pesantren telah berhasil membangun hubungan dan jaringan yang kokoh untuk menjembatani hubungan antar-agama di Jawa Timur. Fakta menunjukkan bahwa sumber daya lokal memainkanperan utama dalam membangun hubungan yang memungkinkan antar-agama dan kerjasama berlangsung. Jaringan Muslim-Kristen yang didirikan oleh Pondok Pesantren dan GKJW di Jawa Timur menunjukkan meningkatnya kesadaran pentingnya membangunhubungan antara Muslim dan Kristen. Program SIKI (Studi Intensif Kristen dan Islam telah mengawali belajar memahami agama-agama lain. Jaringan sosial ini adalah titik awal yang baik untuk memecahkan permasalahan dalam kehidupan antarumat beragama. SIKI telahmelakukan dialog kehidupan yang melibatkan Muslim dan Kristen secara langsung melalui kehadiran, persahabatan, dan pengalaman hidup bersama (live in. Di sinilah pentingnya kerjasama dan jaringan antar umat beragama dan atau institusi agama dilakukan dan terusdikembangkan.Kata kunci: Jaringan Sosial, Modal Sosial, Gereja, Pondok Pesantren AbstractThe relation of Moslems and Christians in Indonesia is always interesting to be discussed since it is riddled with dynamics and conflicts. The data are directly obtained from the Muslims (Moslem Boarding Schools and Christians (East Java Christian Churches in Malang, East Java, by using indepth interviews, participatory observation and are supported with bibliographical studies. Data analysis is carried out in the descriptive

  8. Volcanoes, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The island of Java (8.0S, 112.0E), perhaps better than any other, illustrates the volcanic origin of Pacific Island groups. Seen in this single view are at least a dozen once active volcano craters. Alignment of the craters even defines the linear fault line of Java as well as the other some 1500 islands of the Indonesian Archipelago. Deep blue water of the Indian Ocean to the south contrasts to the sediment laden waters of the Java Sea to the north.

  9. ANALISIS KEBERADAAN BIDAN DESA DAN DUKUN BAYI DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Setyo Pramono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: The aim of the MDGs improving maternal health, one indicator is the proportion of aid delivery by trained health personnel. Related to this field which is spearheading the village midwife. The presence of the midwife profession not within the vacant land, because the tradition of the existence of traditional birth attendants have been there first. In the geographical and social conditions of a diverse society, where they can be a wealth of cultural treasures. Becomes interesting when the two interests are aligned but different backgrounds met in the field. How their existence in society, especially in rural areas whose traditions are still strong. Methods: This study was conducted in 2011 in four districts in East Java is Sampang, Probolinggo, Jombang and Madison. Refers to the characteristics of the election districts in East Java community is Madura, pandalungan, arek and Mataraman. This study combines quantitative and qualitative research. The data was collected by observation and in-depth interviews, informants were village midwives and traditional birth attendants in each region was selected health centers. Results: There is a dichotomy of senior midwives and midwives young. Senior midwife came mostly from outside the region. While a limited number of wide area coverage, it is not un comm on to make them choose to live in the central districts. As aresuIt, service delivery is limited. Relations senior midwife with pregnant women is quite high. Meanwhile, a young midwife from the local community though, is not necessarily acceptable in the neighborhood. Midwives are considered inexperienced young because young age, unmarried status or newly married. Meanwhile, the role of traditional birth attendants in rural areas is still quite significant, especially in Sampang and Probolinggo, there are still bold to help direct labor. In addition to knowledge of hereditary shamans, also based on modern medical knowledge gained

  10. CREDIT RATIONING OF FARM HOUSEHOLDS AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE IN THE RURAL AREAS OF CENTRAL SULAWESI, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunung Nuryartono

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The agricultural sector provides the highest contribution to economic development in the Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. On average, the share of agriculture in the Product Domestic Regional Bruto (GRDP is more than 40% (2003. However, poverty is a widespread problem found in this area, as indicated by almost 46% of the total household are categorized as poor and most of them are farmers. Smallholders and poor farmers may perpetually be trapped in poverty due to lack of finance needed to undertake productive investment. This is indicated by lower rate of advance agricultural technology adoption, which results the productivity of some agricultural products in this area is lower compared to the national average.This paper addresses the question of whether greater access of financial services increase agricultural production. Specific research question addressed are as follow: (1 How many household have access to formal credit markets? (2 How many households are credit constrained? (3 What factors influence that households are credit constrained? (4 How does credit rationing influences agricultural production?As many studies have shown, many rural households lack access to either formal or informal credit institutions. In the rural areas of Central Sulawesi Province, particularly in the vicinity of the Lore Lindu National Park only 21.5% of the household have access to formal credits. The results also show that under certain conditions, only 18.1% of the households are not

  11. SISTEM PENGELOLAAN ARSIP DI KANTOR PERUM PERHUTANI DIVISI REGIONAL JAWA TENGAH

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    Aditya Yudha Primantoro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sistem pengelolaan arsip di Kantor Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Jawa Tengah, kendala-kendala yang dihadapi setra upaya-upaya untuk mengatasi kendala dalam sistem pengelolaan arsip. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Adapun subyek penelitian ini adalah petugas Sub.Bag. Umum dan petugas kearsipan di Kantor Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Metode pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan hasil wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan empat teknik yaitu pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, simpulan verivikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sistem pengelolaan arsip di Kantor Perum Perhutani tahap pertama pengumpulan warkat, selanjutnya memeriksa tanda-tanda pelepasan oleh pimpinan, penetapan indeks, pemberian kode warkat, penyortiran, penyimpanan dan penataan warkat, pemeliharaan dan pengamanan arsip, penyusutan arsip, pemusnahan arsip. Kendala yang dihadapi pada saa tmemerikasa tanda-tanda pelepasan serta pendistribusian surat. Upaya yang dilakukan dengan mengirim surat kembali serta menyerahkan kepada pimpinan. The purpose of this study was to determine the records management system in the Office of Perum Perhutani Central Java Regional Division, constraints faced by Setra's efforts to overcome the obstacles in the archive management system. This study used a qualitative approach. The subject of this research is Sub.Bag officer. General and archival officer in the Office of the Regional Division Perhutanioffice Central Java Province. Data were collected by using interviews and documentation. Data were analyzed using four techniques of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, verification conclusions. The results show records management system in the first phase of the Office Perhutanioffice collection slips, then check for signs of release by the leadership, the determination of the index, script coding, sorting, storage and slips

  12. ANALISIS SEKTOR KEUANGAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI REGIONAL DI WILAYAH JAWA: PENDEKATAN MODEL LEVINE

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    Utami Baroroh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study are to analyze the influence of financial development to economic regional growth on Jawa region, using panel of province-level data on Jawa region for the period 2005-2010. The analysis method that used on this paper is panel data regression. The empirical results shown that financial asset and financial credit had a positive influence to economic regional growth on Jawa region, meanwhile third party fund had negative influence to economic regional growth on Jawa region.  The other result shown that individual effect from fixed effect model showed that DKI Jakarta, Banten and East Jawa have potential as the centre of economic growthDOI: 10.15408/etk.v11i2.1892

  13. PREVALENSI TIKUS TERINFEKSI Leptospira interogans DI KOTA SEMARANG, JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Ristiyanto Ristiyanto; Tri Wibawa; Setyawan Budiharta; Supargiono Supargiono

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakLeptospirosis merupakan zoonosis.Penyakit ini sering dijumpai di daerah perkotaan terutama yang sering dilanda banjir.Manusia terinfeksi bakteri Leptospira melalui air atau tanah yang terkontaminasi dengan urin atau cairan tubuh inang reservoir.Tikus adalah inang reservoir leptospirosis.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui populasi tikus yang terinfeksi Leptospira dan interaksi antara pasien suspek leptospira dengan tikus­Kota­Semarang,­Jawa­Tengah.­Selain­itu­dilakukan­pula­ident...

  14. KELAYAKAN INDUSTRI KECIL BIOETANOL BERBAHAN BAKU MOLASES DI JAWA TENGAH

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    Rita Nurmalina Suryana

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were (1 to analyze the molasses based bioethanol production in Central Java Province and (2 to analyze the non-financial and financial feasibility of this bioethanol processing activity.  To analyze the financial feasibility this study used investment criteria namely net present value, internal rate of return, net benefit-cost ratio, and discounted pay back period while to analyze the changes of cost and benefit in bioethanol manufacturing activity this study used the switching value analysys.  The results of this study showed that bioethanol manufacturing activity in Sub-Province of Sukoharjo and Pati were financially feasible and can be considered by investors in selecting similar business. But on The other side, the supply of molasses as the raw material in that location is important, so they need to make partnership with the suppliers. The result for switching value analysis showed that the decreasing of production or price of bioethanol more sensitive than the others (increasing of variable input cost for molasses.  There was no negative effect from the production activity because the waste from the bioethanol manufacturing is not hazardous for the surrounding area.Keywords: bioethanol, molasses, feasibility analysis, small industryABSTRAKTujuan dari kajian ini adalah (1 menganalisis kegiatan proses produksi bioetanol berbahan dasar molases di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan (2 menganalisis kelayakan pada aspek non finansial dan aspek finansial dari kegiatan proses produksi bioetano berbahan dasar molases. Dalam menganalisis kelayakan finansial digunakan kriteria investasi yaitu net present value, internal rate of return, net benefit-cost ratio, dan discounted pay back period, serta untuk mengetahui sejauh mana perubahan maksimum dalam tiap komponen biaya dan manfaat dalam kegiatan pengolahan bioetanol berbahan dasar molases digunakan analisis switching value. Hasil studi menunjukkan kegiatan pengolahan

  15. Problems of Biodiversity Management in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OKID PARAMA ASTIRIN

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is an archipelago of 17.508 islands with land width of 1.9 millions km2 and sea of 3.1 millions km2, having many types of habitat and become one of biodiversity center in the world. There are about 28.000 plants species, 350.000 animals species and about 10.000 microbes predicted lived endemically in Indonesia. The country that represents only 1.32% of the world having 10% of total flowering plants, 12% of mammals, 16% reptiles and amphibian, 17% birds, 25% fishes and 15% of insects in the world. Most of the biodiversity were not investigated and utilized yet. The direct use of the biodiversity is not any risk, and in addition, between government, society and industries sometime does not have the same view and attitude. Habitat destruction and over-exploitation have caused Indonesia having long list of endangered species including 126 birds, 63 mammals and 21 reptiles. The extinction of some species occurred just few years ago like trulek jawa (Vanellus macropterus, insectivore bird (Eutrichomyias rowleyi in North Sulawesi, and tiger sub species (Panthera tigris in Java and Bali. It seems that now is time for all Indonesians to introspect and look for the way that can be used for preserving biodiversity.

  16. Decentralization and good governance: The case of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Green, Keith

    2005-01-01

    Indonesia began a process of rapid government decentralization in 1999 from a formerly strong centralized government structure. I review the history of decentralization in Indonesia and assess how Indonesia has fared in pursuing a decentralization policy since 1999. I illustrate how Indonesia meets several criteria of successful decentralization and how it is fails the criteria in principle in other areas. Finally, I indicate the likely future challenges faced by Indonesia as it implements de...

  17. Contesting State Forests in Post-Suharto Indonesia: Authority Formation, State Forest Land Dispute, and Power in Upland Central Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anu Lounela

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the ongoing conflict over state forest land between the local population and the State Forestry Corporation (SFC in a village in upland Central Java with regard to authority formation. It looks at how different agents draw on different sources of authority in the course of the conflict and its negotiations. The principal questions are to what kind of sources of authority villagers refer to and how the formation of authority informs the relations between the state and society in the land dispute. The article is based on 11 months of ethnographic fieldwork and focuses on the central figure of Pak Wahid who took a leading position in the forest land dispute and in mobilising peasants in the village. The article argues that in post-Suharto Java, leadership in the struggle for state forest land at the village level is embedded in the interaction of Javanese ideas of power and authority as well as administrative authority. Due to political and institutional reforms, new sources of authority could be invoked while there are no real changes in the power relations within the village or between the SFC and the villagers. ----- Dieser Artikel untersucht den anhaltenden Konflikt um staatliche Waldflächen zwischen der lokalen Bevölkerung und der State Forestry Corporation (SFC in einem Dorf im Hochland von Zentral- Java in Bezug auf die Entwicklung von Autorität. Es wird untersucht, wie sich unterschiedliche AkteurInnen im Rahmen des Konflikts und dessen Verhandlung auf unterschiedliche Bezugsquellen von Autorität beziehen. Die zentralen Forschungsfragen in diesem Zusammenhang sind, auf welche Bezugsquellen von Autorität sich DorfbewohnerInnen beziehen und wie die Entwicklung von Autorität die Beziehungen zwischen Staat und Gesellschaft im Rahmen des Landkonflikts beeinflusst. Der Artikel basiert auf einer 11-monatigen ethnografischen Feldforschung und fokussiert auf die Person von Pak Wahid, der eine Schlüsselrolle im Konflikt

  18. Isotope geochemistry of lavas of central Java, Indonesia and Heard Island, Indian ocean - evidence for sedimentary and mantle plume source components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trace element and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic data for Slamet basalt-andesites indicate that their parental magmas are affected by small degrees of crustal contamination. The geochemistry of their mantle sources, rich in LILE and LREE has been influenced by a sedimentary component of the underlying subducted lithosphere. This contribution presents some of the elemental and isotopic data (including new Pb- isotope data) upon which this interpretation is based, and compares the isotopic compositions of the Slamet lavas of north-central Java, Indonesia, with estimates of Heard Island (an oceanic island volcano, in the southern Indian Ocean ) low 87Sr/86Sr end-members and also lavas of Muriah and Ringgit-Beser, Java

  19. Concept and Planning of Site Preparation for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Jawa and Surrounding Area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concept and planning for radioactive waste disposal in Jawa and surrounding area have been done. These activities were part of the investigation for preparation of repository location in Jawa. In this report, the summary of previous sitting activities, the waste inventory in Radioactive Waste Technology Centre, and list of important factors for sitting on radioactive waste disposal location. Several potential areas such as Karawang, Subang, Majalengka, Rembang, Tuban, Madura will be the focus for next activities. The result will be part of activities report regarding the preparation of repository location in Jawa and surrounding area, that will be used as recommendation prior to radioactive waste management policy. (author)

  20. KEJADIAN TUMOR DI DESA GRUJUGAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS JAWA TENGAH

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    Ratih Oemiati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This is a pre survey according to handle of “outbreak” in Grujugan’s village Central Java, with crossectional study to take quantitative data. Secunder datas were taken from Health District Office in Banyumas, Central Java.  Focus group discussion of qualitative study was taken from head of village Grujugan dan head of Primary Health Care of Kemranjen II,  and in depth interview to two patients of cancer in Grujugan’s viilage.  The aim of this research is to explore a descriptive data of cancer patient in that village. Descriptive analysis and tri angulasi was taken in this research. The design of study was crossectional, carried among 46 tumor cases. It was 46 cancer cases that spread in 8 RW in Grujugan’s village, majority of cases lived in RW 6, 6 patients among of them was death, but there was not verbal otopsy or otopsy. Although 14 cases had biopsy from pathology anatomi department in Margono Hospital, 12 patients of them was lipoma, and it was 20 patients only clinical examination. Qualitative study showed that the patients were cared in hospital. In other hand, indepth interview with head of Grujugan’s village showed that some of that patients had genetic relationship.  We suggest to Health Office of District in Banyumas, it was good, if  early detection and community development should be done to cope with cancer Key words : Tumour’s Outbreak, Lipoma Abstrak Kanker merupakan penyebab utama morbiditas dan mortalitas di seluruh dunia. Penelitian ini merupakan pre survei yang dilakukan untuk menjawab surat permintaan dari Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah atas maraknya pemberitaan merebaknya kasus kanker/tumor di desa Grujugan, yang meresahkan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui data-data kanker secara deskriptif pada pasien yang bermukim di desa Grujugan. Penelitian ini merupakan crossectional study untuk data kuantitatif yang dilakukan pada bulan April 2006. Data sekunder kualitatif diperoleh

  1. GAMBARAN PRAKTIK PENGGUNAAN JAMU OLEH DOKTER DI ENAM PROVINSI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delima Delima

    2013-02-01

    Jamu pada bulan Januari 2010 di Kendal. Untuk mencapai kegiatan ini, dilakukan pencatatan penggunaan jamu oleh dokter praktik. Studi deskriptif potong lintang ini dilakukan di 6 provinsi di Jawa dan Bali. Dokter yang terdaftar sebagai anggota perhimpunan seminat terkait jamu diundang dan diminta mengisi kuesioner terstruktur. Sejumlah 108 dokter praktik yang menggunakan jamu asli Indonesia berusia 26-70 tahun, baik dokter umum  maupun spesialis, berpendidikan strata 1 hingga strata 3 bersedia menjadi responden. Sebanyak 76,9 % dokter melakukan praktik jamu antara 1—10  tahun dengan median  2 pasien/hari (kisaran 0—40. Dokter praktik jamu juga melakukan cara pengobatan tradisional lain seperti akupunktur (47,2 %, pijat/releksi (7,4 %, akupresur (6,5 %. Selain memberikan jamu untuk pasien, semua dokter juga memanfaatkan jamu untuk diri sendiri dan keluarga. Lebih banyak menggunakan jamu asli Indonesia bentuk tunggal atau ramuan dalam sediaan kapsul maupun rebusan simplisia. Jamu terutama untuk pengobatan hipertensi, dislipidemia, diabetes mellitus, ISPA, hepatitis, hiperurisemia, osteoartritis, diare, kanker, dan gastritis. Jenis bahan jamu yang banyak dipakai adalah temulawak, sambiloto, kunyit, pegagan, kumis kucing, seledri, meniran, jati belanda, jahe, dan kunir putih. Sebagai kesimpulan, sebagian besar dokter praktik jamu di Jawa Bali sudah melakukan praktik menggunakan jamu asli Indonesia dalam 10 tahun terakhir dipadu dengan obat tradisional yang berasal dari luar negeri dan pengobatan tradisional lain namun pengobatan konvensional masih dipegang sebagai standar pengobatan tertinggi. Kata kunci: jamu, saintifikasi jamu, pengobatan tradisional

  2. EMME (Indonesia)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — EMME is a program specific M&E tool for the Indonesia Mission that is managed by RTI and provides access to project statuses and success stories for the USAID...

  3. Manajemen Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Dalimunthe, Ritha F.

    2003-01-01

    Sering sekali ada pertanyaan yang mendasar dari para praktisi maupun dari para ilmuan yang belum terjawab tentang tentang bagaimana sebenarnya bentuk yang pas dari manajemen Indonesia? manajemen-ritha6

  4. Model for Digital Economy in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Vincent Didiek Wiet Aryanto; Agnes Advensia Chrismastuti

    2011-01-01

    This study introduces the early development of digital economy in Indonesia. e-Business activity is growing at an unprecedented rate in Indonesia as indicated by the number of online real time transactions (Real Time Gross Settlement) recorded by Bank Indonesia (Indonesian Central Bank), the emergence of dotcom companies, and the use of ICT in conventional business (a combination of brick & mortar with click/online). Research was conducted by investigating the digital activities of businesses...

  5. A Preliminary Study on Rainfall Interception Loss and Water Yield Analysis on Arabica Coffee Plants in Central Aceh Regency, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Benara; Maimun Rizalihadi; B.C. Alfiansyah Yulianur

    2012-01-01

    Rainfall interception loss from plants or trees can reduce a net rainfall as source of water yield. The amount of rainfall interception loss depends on kinds of plants and hydro-meteorological characteristics. Therefore, it is important to study rainfall interception loss such as from Arabica Coffee plantation which is as main agricultural commodity for Central Aceh Regency. In this study, rainfall interception loss from Arabica Coffee plants was studied in Kebet Village of Central Aceh Regen...

  6. Genesis endapan aluvium Dataran Purworejo Jawa Tengah; Implikasinya terhadap sumber daya geologi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no4.20072Purworejo is part of the Southern Central Jawa alluvial plain that is bordered by the South Sera- yu Mountains and Sumbing Volcano in the north, West Progo Mountains in the east, Indian Ocean in the south, and Kebumen-Banyumas plain in the west. This Purworejo plain comprises reworked allu- vial deposits, particularly from Tertiary volcanic rocks of the South Serayu and West Progo Mount- ains, and the Sumbing Quaternary Volcano. In the northern part older reworked material has formed Purworejo alluvial fan in the east and Kutoarjo alluvial fan in the west. Those alluvial fans developed from northeast side of studied area. The central part of Purworejo plain consists of older coastal alluvial deposits which have been covered by recent fluvial deposits that transported by Wawar River in the west, Jali River in the middle, and Bogowonto River in the east. The southern part of Purworejo plain, starting from the Lereng River until present coastal line is composed of younger alluvial coast- al deposits. It is suggested that groundwater resources are abundant under the Purworejo plain, and the young alluvial coastal deposits contain highly potential iron sand and associated minerals.  

  7. Tomographic imaging of Central Java, Indonesia: Preliminary result of joint inversion of the MERAMEX and MCGA earthquake data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The realization of local earthquake tomography is usually conducted by removing distant events outside the study region, because these events may increase errors. In this study, tomographic inversion has been conducted using the travel time data of local and regional events in order to improve the structural resolution, especially for deep structures. We used the local MERapi Amphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX) data catalog that consists of 292 events from May to October 2004. The additional new data of regional events in the Java region were taken from the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) of Indonesia, which consist of 882 events, having at least 10 recording phases at each seismographic station from April 2009 to February 2011. We have conducted joint inversions of the combined data sets using double-difference tomography to invert for velocity structures and to conduct hypocenter relocation simultaneously. The checkerboard test results of Vp and Vs structures demonstrate a significantly improved spatial resolution from the shallow crust down to a depth of 165 km. Our tomographic inversions reveal a low velocity anomaly beneath the Lawu - Merapi zone, which is consistent with the results from previous studies. A strong velocity anomaly zone with low Vp, low Vs and low Vp/Vs is also identified between Cilacap and Banyumas. We interpret this anomaly as a fluid content material with large aspect ratio or sediment layer. This anomaly zone is in a good agreement with the existence of a large dome containing sediment in this area as proposed by previous geological studies. A low velocity anomaly zone is also detected in Kebumen, where it may be related to the extensional oceanic basin toward the land

  8. Willingness to pay for public health services in rural Central Java, Indonesia: methodological considerations when using the contingent valuation method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shono, Aiko; Kondo, Masahide; Ohmae, Hiroshi; Okubo, Ichiro

    2014-06-01

    In the health sectors of low- and middle-income countries, contingent valuation method (CVM) studies on willingness to pay (WTP) have been used to gather information on demand variation or financial perspectives alongside price setting, such as the introduction of user fees and valuation of quality improvements. However, WTP found in most CVM studies have only explored the preferences that consumers express through their WTP without exploring whether they are actually able to pay for it. Therefore, this study examines the issues pertaining to WTP estimation for health services using the conventional CVM. We conducted 202 household interviews in 2008, in which we asked respondents about three types of public health services in Indonesia and assessed WTP estimated by the conventional CVM as well as in the scenario of "resorting to debt" to recognize their budget constraints. We find that all the demand curves for both WTP scenarios show gaps. Furthermore, the gap for midwife services is negatively affected by household income and is larger for the poor. These results prove that CVM studies on WTP do not always reveal WTP in the latter scenario. Those findings suggest that WTP elicited by the conventional CVM is different to that from the maximum price that prevents respondents from resorting to debt as their WTP. In order to bridge this gap in the body of knowledge on this topic, studies should improve the scenarios that CVM analyses use to explore WTP. Furthermore, because valuing or pricing health services based on the results of CVM studies on WTP alone can exacerbate the inequity of access to these services, information provided by such studies requires careful interpretation when used for this purpose, especially for the poor and vulnerable sections of society. PMID:24713191

  9. Tomographic imaging of Central Java, Indonesia: Preliminary result of joint inversion of the MERAMEX and MCGA earthquake data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohadi, Supriyanto [Study Program of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia and Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta (Indonesia); Widiyantoro, Sri; Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Masturyono [Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat (Indonesia)

    2013-09-09

    The realization of local earthquake tomography is usually conducted by removing distant events outside the study region, because these events may increase errors. In this study, tomographic inversion has been conducted using the travel time data of local and regional events in order to improve the structural resolution, especially for deep structures. We used the local MERapi Amphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX) data catalog that consists of 292 events from May to October 2004. The additional new data of regional events in the Java region were taken from the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) of Indonesia, which consist of 882 events, having at least 10 recording phases at each seismographic station from April 2009 to February 2011. We have conducted joint inversions of the combined data sets using double-difference tomography to invert for velocity structures and to conduct hypocenter relocation simultaneously. The checkerboard test results of Vp and Vs structures demonstrate a significantly improved spatial resolution from the shallow crust down to a depth of 165 km. Our tomographic inversions reveal a low velocity anomaly beneath the Lawu - Merapi zone, which is consistent with the results from previous studies. A strong velocity anomaly zone with low Vp, low Vs and low Vp/Vs is also identified between Cilacap and Banyumas. We interpret this anomaly as a fluid content material with large aspect ratio or sediment layer. This anomaly zone is in a good agreement with the existence of a large dome containing sediment in this area as proposed by previous geological studies. A low velocity anomaly zone is also detected in Kebumen, where it may be related to the extensional oceanic basin toward the land.

  10. Stratification and seasonal stability of diverse bacterial communities in a Pinus merkusii (pine) forest soil in central Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krave, Agna S; Lin, Bin; Braster, Martin; Laverman, Anniet M; van Straalen, Nico M; Röling, Wilfred F M; van Verseveld, Henk W

    2002-06-01

    In Java, Indonesia, many nutrient-poor soils are intensively reforested with Pinus merkusii (pine). Information on nutrient cycles and microorganisms involved in these cycles will benefit the management of these important forests. Here, seasonal effects on the stratification of bacterial community structure in the soil profile of a tropical pine forest are described, and differences in bacterial communities are related to chemical and physical soil parameters. Culture-independent community profiles of litter, fragmented litter and mineral soil layers were made by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rDNA-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragments. The community profiles of the different soil layers clustered separately, correlating with significant differences in organic matter content between the three layers. The bacterial communities appeared to be stable during the wet season of 1998. The drought in 1997, caused by the El Niño climatic effect, did not influence the bacterial communities in fragmentation and mineral soil, although moisture content and other soil parameters were markedly lower than in the wet season. However, communities in litter were influenced by drought. In the litter layer, the moisture content was significantly lower than in the fragmentation and mineral layers during the dry season. A clone library was made from a litter sample taken during the wet season. Partial sequencing of 74 clones and linking the DGGE banding positions of these clones to bands in the DGGE profile of the sample from which the clone library was derived showed considerable bacterial diversity. Alpha-proteobacteria (40.5% of the clones, of which 57% belonged to the Rhizobium-Agrobacterium group) and high-G+C content, Gram-positive bacteria (36.5%) dominated the clone library. PMID:12071981

  11. Indonesia; Recent Economic Developments

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    1995-01-01

    This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during 1994–96. Following the easing of domestic demand pressures, the focus of monetary policy shifted in early 1993/94 to supporting economic growth, as concerns developed over an incipient weakening of export performance and output. At the same time, the fiscal position was strengthened. Reflecting the strong growth in non-oil/gas revenue, the overall central government deficit, excluding oil/gas revenue, declined by 2 percentage poin...

  12. TEMPAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN ANOPHELES ACONITUS DI KABUPATEN JEPARA, JAWA TENGAH

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    Mardiana Mardiana

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Kabupaten Jepara adalah salah satu kabupaten endemis malaria di Jawa Tengah. Kasus malaria di Kabupaten Jepara terjadi akibat interaksi antara nyamuk/vektor, parasit, lingkungan dan manusia yang mengalami perubahan dari waktu ke waktu. Penelitian tempat perkembangbiakan vektor malaria Anopheles aconitus dilakukan di Desa Buaran, Kecamatan Mayong, Kabupaten Jepara, Jawa Tengah pada tahun 2000. Tujuan penelitian mengetahui pengaruh perubahan lingkungan alami dan perubahan buatan oleh manusia terhadap tempat perkembangbiakan An. aconitus. Metode penelitian dengan cara pengumpulan larva dan pupa yang dilakukan pada pagi hari dengan menggunakan cidukan di tempat-tempat genangan air yang diduga sebagai tempat perkembangbiakan An. aconitus Dari hasil pengambilan jentik di sawah, saluran irigasi, sungai dan lubang/kobakan bekas  galian pasir yang digenangi air, ternyata yang banyak ditemukan adalah jentik An. aconitus dari 6 spesies jentik nyamuk yang teridentifikasi. Habitat utama An. aconitus di Kabupaten Jepara adalah persawahan. Perubahan habitat terjadi dengan adanya perubahan lingkungan dan musim, dimana pada musim kemarau sebagian sawah menjadi kering, sehingga mempengaruhi peril'aku nyamuk  untuk mencari habitat yang baru seperti  sungai  dan  saluran irigasi. Selain perubahan musim juga adanya lubang/kobakan yang digenangan air bekas galian pasir di sepanjang tepi sungai, sebagai akibat perbuatan dari penduduk setempat, sehingga menjadi habitat baru dari nyamuk terutama An.aconitus. Kata Kunci : Tempat Perkembangbiakan, An. aconitus, Malaria,

  13. The impact of the warm phase of ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation events on water resource availability of tropical catchments in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    C. Leemhuis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Precipitation anomalies caused by the warm phase (El Niño of the ENSO cycle lead to a strong decrease of water resources in South-East Asia. The aim of this work is to study the impact of warm phase ENSO caused precipitation anomalies on the water balance of a mesoscale tropical catchment in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia using a scenario analysis. We applied statistically generated precipitation anomalies caused by warm phase ENSO events on a validated hydrological model of the Palu River catchment (2694 km2 to investigate the implications of the generated ENSO scenarios on the total annual water balance, the annual discharge regime and the discharge variability. Moreover we analysed the influence of various catchment characteristics during warm phase ENSO conditions on the discharge variability through a comparison of different sub-catchment types. The results of the scenario analysis proved a severe decline of the annual discharge rate during warm phase ENSO conditions and an increase of the overall discharge variability.

  14. Gently dipping normal faults identified with Space Shuttle radar topography data in central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and some implications for fault mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Space-shuttle radar topography data from central Sulawesi, Indonesia, reveal two corrugated, domal landforms, covering hundreds to thousands of square kilometers, that are bounded to the north by an abrupt transition to typical hilly to mountainous topography. These domal landforms are readily interpreted as metamorphic core complexes, an interpretation consistent with a single previous field study, and the abrupt northward transition in topographic style is interpreted as marking the trace of two extensional detachment faults that are active or were recently active. Fault dip, as determined by the slope of exhumed fault footwalls, ranges from 4?? to 18??. Application of critical-taper theory to fault dip and hanging-wall surface slope, and to similar data from several other active or recently active core complexes, suggests a theoretical limit of three degrees for detachment-fault dip. This result appears to conflict with the dearth of seismological evidence for slip on faults dipping less than ~. 30??. The convex-upward form of the gently dipping fault footwalls, however, allows for greater fault dip at depths of earthquake initiation and dominant energy release. Thus, there may be no conflict between seismological and mapping studies for this class of faults. ?? 2011 Elsevier B.V.

  15. Gagasan Pluralisme Agama pada Kaum Teosofi Indonesia (1901-1933

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    Media Zainul Bahri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article elucidates the idea of religious pluralism among Indonesian theosophies society (MTI, an association of well-educated people of Nusantara from 1901 through 1933, whose members were dominated by the high-class of Javanese and Sumatran people, Dutch and other Europeans. It argues that MTI’s ideas about pluralistic and inclusive religious perceptions and attitudes were indeed influenced by perennialism, religious humanism, Javanese Islam and Sufism that accepted religious pluralism. MTI’s deep religious outlooks and insights resulted from mixed ideas coming from diverse socio-cultural backgrounds: Europe, America, India, China and indigenous Nusantara traditions which emphasizes the principles of harmony.     Abstraksi: Artikel ini akan mengurai gagasan pluralisme agama pada Masyarakat Teosofi Indonesia (MTI, suatu perkumpulan masyarakat terpelajar di Nusantara yang eksis pada rentang waktu 1901 hingga 1933, yang anggotanya didominasi oleh kaum priyayi Nusantara (Jawa dan Sumatera, orang-orang Belanda dan Eropa non-Belanda. Gagasan mereka yang bergairah mengenai pandangan dan sikap keagamaan yang inklusif-pluralis pada masa itu sesungguhnya terkait erat dengan ajaran perenialisme, humanisme religius, Islam Jawa, dan pandangan sufistik sufi-sufi Islam yang mereka anggap banyak mengidealisir gagasan mengenai pluralisme agama. Pandangan keagamaan yang mendalam dan wawasan yang luas, pada MTI lahir sebagai hasil dari pergumulan banyak ide dan perjumpaan dengan bangsa-bangsa: Eropa, Amerika, India, Cina, dan kekayaan kultur bangsa sendiri yang condong kepada harmoni.

  16. Physics Laboratory Investigation of Vocational High School Field Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques in the Central Java Province (Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwandari, Ristiana Dyah

    2015-01-01

    The investigation aims in this study were to uncover the observations of infrastructures and physics laboratory in vocational high school for Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques Expertise Field or Teknik Konstruksi Batu dan Beton (TKBB)'s in Purwokerto Central Java Province, mapping the Vocational High School or Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan…

  17. A molecular and antigenic survey of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus isolates from smallholder duck farms in Central Java, Indonesia during 2007-2008

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    Junaidi Akhmad

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Indonesia is one of the countries most severely affected by H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI virus in terms of poultry and human health. However, there is little information on the diversity of H5N1 viruses circulating in backyard farms, where chickens and ducks often intermingle. In this study, H5N1 virus infection occurring in 96 smallholder duck farms in central Java, Indonesia from 2007-2008 was investigated and the molecular and antigenic characteristics of H5N1 viruses isolated from these farms were analysed. Results All 84 characterised viruses belonged to H5N1 clade 2.1 with three virus sublineages being identified: clade 2.1.1 (1, clade 2.1.3 (80, and IDN/6/05-like viruses (3 that did not belong to any of the present clades. All three clades were found in ducks, while only clade 2.1.3 was isolated from chickens. There were no significant amino acid mutations of the hemagglutinin (HA and neuraminidase (NA sites of the viruses, including the receptor binding, glycosylation, antigenic and catalytic sites and NA inhibitor targets. All the viruses had polybasic amino acids at the HA cleavage site. No evidence of major antigenic variants was detected. Based on the HA gene, identical virus variants could be found on different farms across the study sites and multiple genetic variants could be isolated from HPAI outbreaks simultaneously or at different time points from single farms. HPAI virus was isolated from both ducks and chickens; however, the proportion of surviving duck cases was considerably higher than in chickens. Conclusions The 2.1.3 clade was the most common lineage found in this study. All the viruses had sequence characteristic of HPAI, but negligible variations in other recognized amino acids at the HA and NA proteins which determine virus phenotypes. Multiple genetic variants appeared to be circulating simultaneously within poultry communities. The high proportion of live duck cases compared to

  18. Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 24. Energy Efficiency in Central Java

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Windarto, Joko; Nugroho, Agung; Hastanto, Ari; Mahartoto, Gigih [Diponegoro University, Semarang (Indonesia)

    2012-01-15

    The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects. Energy has a very important role and has become a basic necessity in national sustainable development. Therefore, energy should be used sparingly and in a rational manner so that present and future energy demand can be met. Given the importance of using energy efficiently Government needs to devise a framework regulating the utilization of energy resources through the efficient application of technology and stimulating energy-saving behaviours. The purpose of this technical working group in CASINDO project is to research the steps and policy measures needed to improve the efficiency of electrical energy consumption in the household, industrial, and commercial buildings sector for Central Java. The government's efforts in promoting energy efficiency in Indonesia are still hampered by public awareness factor. This study exists to promote public awareness of energy efficiency by describing the financial benefits and possibilities of savings energies in order to support the government's energy saving program, replacement of old equipment that uses high power consumption with a new low-power one, reduction of unnecessary lighting, appreciation to the people who find and develop energy-efficient power utilization, persuade industries to uses the speed controller driver for production and fan motor to streamline the electrical energy usage.

  19. MAKANAN TABU DI BANJAR JAWA BARAT

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    Dadang Sukandar

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem because there  are many taboo foods.  As consequences,  pregnant mother, lactating mother and children  do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status.   Objectives of this study are  1 to identify taboo foods and 2 to identify reasons of taboo foods and  3 to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training  on food and nutrition.  Study was conducted in Banjar West Java from December 2005 to November 2006.  A sample size 92 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 482. The household of population is farmer household who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had a large number of food taboo were pregnant women group and lactating mother group. There are 35 taboo foods for pregnant women and 24  taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ambon banana, bee, bee egg, cat fish, coconut plus red sugar, eel, coffee, bogo fish, fishing fish, gabus fish, gnetum gnemon and its leaf, ice, jack fruit, kind of jack fruit (kulur, kind of leaf (leaf of so, etc.  Some  taboo foods for lactating mother are banana, bean sprout, beverage made with such droplets, cucumber, eel, egg, fat food, fish, hot food, ice, innards of gurami, jack fruit

  20. Diversitas Genetik Anopheles balabacensis, Baisas di Berbagai Daerah Indonesia Berdasarkan Sekuen Gen ITS 2 DNA Ribosom

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    Widiarti Widiarti

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstractMalaria control is remain a challenge although various attempts have been conducted. One of the issues in controlling the vectors is the presence of species complex. The species complex is an example of genetic diversity. Anopheles balabacensis, Baisas reported as complex species in various countries, but has not been widely reported in Indonesia. In order to enhance malaria control, it is important to understand the vectors and its bioecology. The aim of the study were a. to identify An. balabacensis, Baisas suspected as species complex based on ribosomal DNA the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2 gene sequences, b. to understand the genetic diversity of An. balabacensis, Baisas collected from endemic and non endemic regions distincted by geographical distance, c. to understand the genetic relationships (taxonomi distance among An. balabacensis, Baisas from difference regions in Indonesia through reconstructing the phylogenetic trees. The results showed that An. balabacensis, Baisas in Indonesia is identified as sympatric and allopatrik complex species. There were differences which was far enough in the genetic relationships among An. balabacensis populations collected from Pusuk Lestari in the area of Meninting Health Center, West Lombok, NTB. This differences were identified as sympatric complex. In addition, base on the relationship among An. leucosphyrus group, An balabacensis, Baisas collected from Berjoko Nunukan Regency showed that the species quite far compare to An. balabacensis, Baisas originally from Central Java and Lombok NTB.Keywords : An. balabacensis, genetic variation, the second Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS2.AbstrakPenanggulangan malaria masih banyak menemui kendala walaupun berbagai upaya telah dilakukan. Salah satu kendala yang menyulitkan dalam pengendalian vektor adalah adanya spesies kompleks pada populasi nyamuk vektor. Spesies kompleks merupakan contoh diversitas genetik. Anopheles balabacensis

  1. Indonesia: Ingestion study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study in Indonesia was carried out on a very small scale both for ingestion and organ contents of elements. The intakes of Cs, Sr, Ca and K in the group of elements of radiological importance and only Zn among essential elements were estimated. As part of the organ contents study, only 3 bone samples were analysed for K, Ca and Sr. In view of the very small number of samples for one individual organ, the results were not considered for inclusion in the main document. The food samples were prepared on the basis of the daily per capita consumption of calorie data. These data for food commodities were published in Indonesia by Central Bureau of Statistics and the energy values per gram of individual vegetables, fruits, meat etc, were published by Nutrition Research and Development Centre in Indonesia. Some duplicate diet samples were also collected for the study. These duplicate samples were generally collected from canteens and eating houses at the inter-city bus stops. Although duplicate diets were processed and analysed as complete one day samples, for the market basket study on the other hand, only one tenth of the food material was used to prepare the food for analysis. The samples from Indonesia were not collected as per the IAEA protocols, which stated the preparation of total diet representative of one day's meal of an adult. Further, the duplicate diet samples were obtained from canteens and therefore did not represent the exact duplicate portion of diet of the individual subjects representing the adult population of Indonesia. These food samples were blended, freeze dried and subsequently powdered with glass mortar prior to analysis. AAS and INAA were employed to carry out the analysis of diet samples for various trace elements

  2. PENGARUH KEMISKINAN, PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, DAN BELANJA MODAL TERHADAP IPM JAWA TENGAH

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    Denni Sulistio Mirza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to know the influences of poverty, economic growth and capital expenditures to the Human Development Index (HDI in Central Java. The result of Panel data regression indicates that poverty significantly and negative related to IPM. The economic growth has positive and significant impact on IPM. Next, the capital expenditures have a positive and significant effect on the HDI. It is recommended that the planning policy of government does not only view the achievement of economic growth but also the target of human development. It is because economic growth has not been able enough to improve the quality of human resources, especially in the aspects of education, health and income.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh kemiskinan, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan belanja modal terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM di Jawa Tengah. Hasil regresi data panel menunjukkan bahwa kemiskinan berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap IPM. Pertumbuhan ekonomi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM dan belanja modal berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM. Disarankan agar dalam merencanakan kebijakan pemerintah tidak hanya melihat dari pencapaian target peningkatan pertumbuhan ekonomi saja namun juga target peningkatan pembangunan manusia karena pertumbuhan ekonomi sendiri belum memadai untuk meningkatkan kualitas sumber daya manusia terutama pada aspek pendidikan, kesehatan dan pendapatan masyarakat.

  3. DEINDUSTRIALISASI PADA INDUSTRI TEKSTIL DAN PRODUK TEKSTIL DI PULAU JAWA

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    Agung Riyardi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian iniadalah menganalisis ketidakselarasan semangat investasi dengan semangat transformasi struktural, penurunan kinerja dan penurunan peran pada industri tekstil dan produk tekstil berbagai provinsi di pulau Jawa karena permasalahan deindustrialisasi.Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah analisis literatur dan analisis grafik garis.Analisis literatur diharapkan mengungkapkan fenomena ketidakselarasan semangat investasi dengan semangat transformasi struktural. Analisis grafik garis diharapkan mengungkapkan fenomenapenurunan kinerja dan penurunan peran pada industri tekstil dan produk tekstil.Analisis grafik garis menggunakan data tahun 2001 hingga 2011 industri tekstil dan produk tekstil berbagai provinsi di Pulau Jawa, selain Provinsi Banten dengan variabel berupa nilai tambah atas dasar harga input, jumlah orang miskin dan PDRB harga konstan tahun 2000.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada industri tekstil dan produk tekstil berbagai provinsi di Pulau Jawa mengalami permasalahan deindustrialisasi yang terdiri atas semangat transformasi struktural tidak menonjol, nilai tambah menurun dan peran minimal dalam pengentasan kemiskinan.The objective of this research is to analyze uncomformity condition between investment motivation and structural transformation motivation, performance decrease, and minimum role of textile and textile product industries in many provinces to the economy in Java Island. The methods used for analizing the data are literature analysis and line graph analysis. The literature analysisis was used to analyze unconformity between investment motivation and structural transformation motivation, whereas a line graph analysis was used to analyze the decrease of performance and the minimum role of textile and textile product industries to the economy. The analysis of line graph use tha data of textile industries and textile product industries in Java island from 2001 up to 2011. However Banten province was

  4. Amblesan di daerah Porong, Kabupaten Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur

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    Untung Sudarsono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no1.20081On 29th May 2006, there was a huge mud outpouring in the Porong Subregency, Regency of Sidoarjo, East Jawa and for one year, it had flooded the area of more than 5 km2 including Porong, Tanggulangin and Jabon Sub-regencies. The mud known as Lumpur Sidoarjo. The impact of the mud outpouring was the presence of a subsidence around the main outpouring for the width of 6.3 km2 in ellipse stretching to the north. The subsidence area covered Tanggulangin Sub-regency: Kedungbendo Village, Porong Sub-regency: Siring, Jatirejo, Mindi, and Renokenongo Villages, and Jabon Sub-regency: Pejarakan and Besuki Villages. The rate of the subsidence is ap- proximately 2 cm/day.  

  5. PENGARUH FAKTOR-FAKTOR MANAJEMEN MUTU TERPADU TERHADAP PROSES BISNIS INTERNAL DAN KEUNGGULAN BERSAING INDUSTRI MANUFAKTUR YANG MEMPEROLEH ISO 9000 DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Hadiati

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to analyze and test the influence of leadership, employee involvement, information, and relation with suppliers on internal business process and competitive advantage of manufacturing industries in East Java. The study was carried out at 110 manufacturing companies in East Java that have received ISO 9000 certificate. Based on the study findings can be concluded as follows. Firstly, a. supporting the existing theory about the positive influence of leadership and information on internal business process as well as the positive influence of employee involvement, information, the relation with supplier, and internal business process on competitive advantage of manufacturing industries; and b. contributing to the development of theory by identifying internal business process as a significant factor affecting competitive advantage of manufacturing industries in East Java. Secondly, the result of the study showed that manufacturing industry policies can be formulated to increase competitive advantage by improving and increasing employee involvement, information, the relation with supplier, and internal business process. In order to increase internal business process, manufacturing industries should optimize employee involvement and the relation with supplier. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan studi ini adalah untuk membuktikan dan menganalisis pengaruh faktor-faktor kepemimpinan, keterlibatan karyawan, informasi, dan hubungan dengan pemasok terhadap proses bisnis internal dan keunggulan bersaing perusahaan manufaktur di Jawa Timur. Penelitian dilakukan pada 110 perusahaan manufaktur di Jawa Timur yang telah memperoleh sertifikat ISO 9000. Berdasarkan hasil studi, maka dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut. Pertama, a mendukung teori yang ada tentang pengaruh positif dari kepemimpinan dan informasi terhadap proses bisnis internal, serta pengaruh positif dari keterlibatan karyawan, informasi, hubungan pemasok, dan proses

  6. Satellite-based prediction of rainfall interception by tropical forest stands of a human-dominated landscape in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieschulze, Jens; Erasmi, Stefan; Dietz, Johannes; Hölscher, Dirk

    2009-01-01

    SummaryRainforest conversion to other land use types drastically alters the hydrological cycle in which changes in rainfall interception contribute significantly to the observed differences. However, little is known about the effects of more gradual changes in forest structure and at regional scales. We studied land use types ranging from natural forest over selectively-logged forest to cacao agroforest in a lower montane region in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and tested the suitability of high-resolution optical satellite imagery for modeling observed interception patterns. Investigated characteristics indicating canopy structure were mean and standard deviation of reflectance values, local maxima, and self-similarity measures based on the grey level co-occurrence matrix and geostatistical variogram analysis. Previously studied and published rainfall interception data comprised twelve plots and median values per land use type ranged from 30% in natural forest to 18% in cacao agroforests. A linear regression model with local maxima, mean contrast and normalized digital vegetation index (NDVI) as regressors was able to explain more than 84% ( Radj2) of the variation encountered in the data. Other investigated characteristics did not prove significant in the regression analysis. The model yielded stable results with respect to cross-validation and also produced realistic values and spatial patterns when applied at the landscape level (783.6 ha). High values of interception were rare and localized in natural forest stands distant to villages, whereas low interception characterized the intensively used sites close to settlements. We conclude that forest use intensity significantly reduced rainfall interception and satellite image analysis can successfully be applied for its regional prediction, and most forest in the study region has already been subject to human-induced structural changes.

  7. Growth, yield and nutritive value of new introduced brachiaria species and legume herbs as ruminant feed in central sulawesi, indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh, maintained 484 hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureusL.) accessions. Distribution of vine colors, flower and pod colors, pod curvature and beak position on pod noticed the presence of substantial variation in the collection. Shannon Diversity Index also revealed high phenotypic diversity in vine and pod characters. High diversities were estimated in quantitative characters of inflorescence and pod characters. Considering a core collection strategy, the accessions were stratified into two groups based on vine colors: green and purple. Maximum genotypes of the collection were of green vine. Each of two subgroups were divided into three groups according to colors of pod i.e., green, white and red. Each group again divided itself into two according to beak position as central and marginal of pod. High diversity was also found regarding pod curvature and beak position on it. Strategically, a core subset consisting of 36 accessions out of 484 accessions was determined. Diversity Indices of different characters of the core accessions were of equal or higher magnitudes to the respective characters of base collection indicating the better representation of core to the original collection. (author)

  8. Roles of Neighborhood Group to Promote Participatory Development in Indonesia: Case of Three Villages in Purbalingga District, Central Java Province

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    Sutiyo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Neighborhood Group (Rukun Tetangga/RT, an association of fifties households living in the same areas, is expected to promote participatory development in Indonesian decentralization. This study aims to analyze whether it could promote participatory development. To do so, a case study was conducted in three villages, namely Kedarpan, Serang and Sumilir, in Purbalingga district of Central Java province. Totally 240 household heads in 24RTs were randomly selected to be the respondents. Data were analyzed through qualitative and quantitative techniques. Three main findings emerge from this study. Firstly, community involvement was pseudo participation emphasizing more on resource mobilization but less in generating idea and controlling the government. Secondly, capacity of RTheads was good enough in term of informativeness, encouragement, fairness, creativity, responsiveness and submission to consensus, but slightly poor in term of accountability. Thirdly, RT was not able to empower community, so community understanding to decentralization terms, development programs and village governance was generally poor. Although some potentialities were found,it can be generally concluded thatRT is not completely successful in promoting participatory development.Complexities of institutional problems, whichinclude weak capacity, trouble in technical regulations and lack of support from government, are among the factors hampering RT to play its role. Thus, hand in hand with capacity development ofRThead, the government is supposed to establish regulations supporting the empowerment of RT, and involving other rural institutions to help performing the roles that still cannot be played by RT.

  9. Gynecological cancer in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz, M. Farid

    2009-01-01

    To overview the status of gynecologic cancer in Indonesia. Information regarding Indonesia obtained from World Bank Report and Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2007, epidemiological data obtained from Histopathological Data of Cancer in Indonesia 2002, Department of Health-Registry Body of Indonesian Specialist of Pathology Association-Indonesian Cancer Society; Various Hospitals in big Cities in Indonesia. Indonesia is an Archipelago with a total area of 1,922,570.00 km2, the population is ...

  10. ANALYSIS OF VARIOUS FACTORS IN ORDER TO ENHANCE PRODUCTIVITY AND INCOME OF DAIRY CATTLE FARMERS IN CENTRAL JAVA - INDONESIA

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    Isbandi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This survey aims were to determine the potency of dairy cattle development, and to find the relationship among of various factors to improve productivity and income of dairy cattle farmers. Semarang, Boyolali and Banyumas districts were taken as study location. Total respondents were 495 farmers, in which 225 farmers were members of the Village Unit Cooperative (VUC, 180 farmers were member of Various Business Cooperative (VBC and 90 farmers were member of Farmer Group Association (FGA. Primary data were obtained through interviews with farmers and secondary data were obtained from related institution. Descriptive and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM analysis were used in the study. Based on LQ (Location Quotiens analysis, dairy cattle in Central Java was potential to be developed. The LQ value of Semarang, Boyolali and Banyumas districs were 4.57, 7.68 and 0.46, respectively, with 4.24 on average. The dairy cattle farmer income was IDR 1.024.095/month with an average of scale ownership lactation cattle was 2.7 head/farmer. Model Goodness of Fit of SEM was fit with the SEM requirement. The productivity was influenced significantly (P<0.01 by environmental, economic, institutional, and social factors. Dairy cattle farmer income were influenced highly significant (P<0.01 by technical and institutional factors (P<0.05 of the income. These results indicated that the role of technical factors, social, economic, institutional and business environment needs to be considered in order to increase business productivity and farmer incomes.

  11. A VILLAGE-SCALE TRIAL OF BAYTHROID (OMS-2012 FOR CONTROL OF THE MALARIA VECTOR ANOPHELES ACONITUS IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

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    Barodji Barodji

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengujian racun serangga baythroid 10 % wdp. tingkat pedesaan (stage IV dosis 100 mg/m2 telah dilakukan untuk menanggulangi vektor malaria Anopheles aconitus yang telah kebal terhadap DDT di daerah pedesaan dekat Semarang, Jawa Tengah. Hasil percobaan ini menunjukkan bahwa penyemprotan racun serangga baythroid efektip selama 8 minggu untuk menanggulangi populasi An. aconitus yang hinggap di kandang malam hari, di dalam rumah dan di luar rumah pada pagi hari. Sedang jumlah An. aconitus yang menggigit orang di dalam dan di luar rumah pada 3 minggu sesudah penyemprotan tampak mulai meningkat. Umur residu yang efektip racun serangga ini (kematian An. aconitus > 70 % pada permukaan bambu di dalam rumah adalah selama 5 minggu setelah penyemprotan, sedang pada permukaan kayu kematian tidak mencapai 70 %, kecuali pada penilaian minggu ke 4 setelah penyemprotan. Pengaruh fumigasi racun serangga baythroid adalah sangat lemah, kematian hanya sebesar 3,5 % di dalam rumah dan 4 % di dalam kandang pada 4 hari setelah penyemprotan. Selama percobaan tidak ditemui adanya kesulitan dalam membuat suspensi, hambatan pada tangki penyemprot, maupun masalah keracunan dalam penggunaan racun serangga ini.

  12. MEMAHAMI EKUITAS MEREK PERGURUAN TINGGI: PENELITIAN EMPIRIS PADA STIE SURAKARTA, JAWA TENGAH, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elia Ardyan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Measuring brand equity becomes an important part in the organization, espe­ci­al­ly college. By mea­suring the brand equity, the college would be more understanding about its brand awareness, brand asso­ciation, perceived quality, and brand loyalty. The Research problems were: (1 How were the students’ per­ception about STIE Surakarta brand awareness?(2 How were the effects of brand association and perceived quality on brand loyalty. The samples of this research were 120 students of STIE Surakarta. The analysis used description and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The results showed that (1 the brand of STIE Surakarta occupied 3rd position in the minds of consumers; (2 Brand association had positive but in­sig­ni­ficant effect on loyalty and perceived quality had positive and significant effect on brand loyalty.

  13. Characteristics of Paleotsunami Sediments, A Case Study in Cilacap and Pangandaran Coastal Areas, Jawa, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudhicara Yudhicara

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v8i4.166A paleotsunami study having been conducted in 2011 took two study cases in Cilacap and Pangandaran coastal areas. These two regions have been devastated by tsunami in the past and had the most severe damaged on 17 July 2006. Trenching, beach profiling, and sediment sampling had been carried out, and further analysis at the laboratory had been done, such as grain size and fossil analyses and dating. In Cilacap, an iron sand layer was found as a key bed suspected as a paleotsunami deposits due to the content of anthropogenic fragments. In Pangandaran, two layers of tsunami deposit candidates were found having thickness of 5 - 6 cm at the top as a 2006 tsunami deposit candidate, and 5 - 10 cm at the bottom as a paleotsunami deposit candidate. Both grain size and fossil analysis results could explain that Pangandaran’s sediments are tsunami deposits while Cilacap’s ones are assumed to be deposited by another process rather than a tsunami.

  14. Greening Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sihombing, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    For hundreds years, most of farmers in Indonesia have their own system of farming and they were so closed to the nature. Even farmers co-exist with nature by mutual need. The natural farming principal is done by a very stick ritual religious in every moment of their life. Farming is a part of faith. Unfortunately, this natural farming principal dramatically decreasead and even disappeared with the appereance of the green revolution policy which supported by the regime of Government.

  15. Nowcasting Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Luciani, Matteo; Pundit, Madhavi; Ramayandi, Arief; Veronese, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    We produce predictions of the current state of the Indonesian economy by estimating a Dynamic Factor Model on a dataset of 11 indicators (also followed closely by market operators) over the time period 2002 to 2014. Besides the standard difficulties associated with constructing timely indicators of current economic conditions, Indonesia presents additional challenges typical to emerging market economies where data are often scant and unreliable. By means of a pseudo-real-time forecasting exer...

  16. PERENCANAAN RUTE PERJALANAN DI JAWA TIMUR DENGAN DUKUNGAN GIS MENGGUNAKAN METODE DIJKSTRA S

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    Kartika Gunadi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Many people need geographical information nowadays, such as: the distance between areas, information about some areas, information about nature resources in that area, to search for accident area, and others geographical information. Geographical Information System (GIS is only one from many others solution to seek for geographical information. This research aim is to make software that can give some geographical information for shortest path between towns in East Java. Others information that can be gain is information about governmental, population, tourism places, mountains, special food, handicraft, and traditional art. This software is designed with database not using satellite, so much cheaper compare with using satellite. This software use Dijkstra's method to seek the shortest path from one node to another node in the picture, so this program can't give alternative path. GIS can give answer for anything that related with geographical situation. Peoples can use GIS power to reach for a better life. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Informasi mengenai geografi semakin dibutuhkan oleh banyak pihak, misalnya informasi untuk mengetahui jarak antara satu daerah dengan daerah lain, informasi seputar daerah yang diinginkan, informasi tentang sumber daya alam yang dicari, informasi untuk menemukan lokasi kecelakaan dengan cepat, dan banyak informasi mengenai geografi lainnya. Geographical Information Systems (GIS merupakan salah satu solusi untuk mendapatkan informasi geografi tersebut. Tujuan perancangan adalah membuat suatu perangkat lunak yang dapat memberikan informasi geografi mengenai rute jalan terpendek antara kota yang satu dengan kota yang lainnya di Jawa Timur. Sedangkan informasi lainnya yang dapat diperoleh antara lain informasi mengenai pemerintahan, jumlah penduduk, tempat wisata, nama gunung, makanan khas, kerajinan, dan `kesenian tradisional yang berasal dari suatu daerah. Program ini dirancang tanpa menggunakan satelit namun hanya

  17. MODEL ANTARMUKA AUGMENTED REALITY INTERAKTIF MENGGUNAKAN APPRECIATIVE LEARNING DALAM APLIKASI PEMBELAJARAN AKSARA JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Ageng Setiyanto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi Augmented Reality telah banyak digunakan dalam media pembelajaran sebagai media yang dapat membantu proses pembelajaran. Namun, peran sebagian besar penerapan teknologi Augmented Reality tersebut hanya sebatas sebagai elemen interaktif dan visual saja tanpa memiliki arah ke aktivitas pembelajaran yang terkonsep. Dalam pembelajaran bahasa dan huruf, dalam hal ini adalah aksara Jawa, aktivitas pembelajaran yang terkonsep adalah salah satu faktor vital untuk keberhasilan tujuan pembelajaran. Aksara Jawa sebagai bagian dari budaya bangsa perlu diperkenalkan sejak dini sehingga dimasukkan dalam kurikulum di sekolah. Penelitian ini membahas tentang model antarmuka manusia dan komputer berbasis augmented reality yang menyajikan aktivitas pembelajaran yang terkonsep. Konsep yang digunakan dalam pengembangan aktivitas pembelajaran adalah Appreciative Learning yang mempunyai empat tahapan dalam pengembangan aktivitas, yaitu Discovery, Design, Destiny dan Dream. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah model aktivitas yang dirancang untuk penerapan Augmented Reality dalam pembelajaran aksara Jawa. Kata Kunci : antarmuka manusia komputer, Augmented Reality, pendidikan, Appreciative Learning.

  18. TOLERANSI ANTAR PENGANUT NAHDHATUL ULAMA, MUHAMMADIYAH, DAN KRISTEN JAWA DI BATANG

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    Adistya Iqbal Irfani,

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi bentuk toleransi dan faktor pendorong dan faktor penghambat toleransi masyarakat Jawa dengan studi kasus di Dukuh Medono Kabupaten Batang. Di dukuh tersebut, penganut organisasi agama seperti NU, Muhammadiyah dan Kristen Jawa di Dukuh Medono saling hidup rukun. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa toleransi antar penganut NU, Muhammadiyah, Kristen Jawa tampak berbagai bentuk. Antara NU dan Kristen Jawa dalam bentuk partisipasi dalam ritual tahlilan, sedangkan antar ketiganya tampak dalam bentuk kerja bakti, saling membantu dalam acara hajatan, perkawinan campur dan saling berkunjung bila ada yang sakit. Faktor pendorong toleransi antara lain budaya toleransi yang sudah lama, pernikahan antar penganut yang berbeda, sosialisasi toleransi dalam keluarga, dan kepemimpinan desa yang menekankan pentingnya toleransi. Sedangkan faktor penghambat toleransi yaitu perbedaan pandangan antar penganut NU dan Muhammadiyah dalam pelaksanaan ibadah, pernikahan beda keyakinan, dan sikap menyinggung keyakinan diantara penganut yang ada. The objective of this study is to explore forms of tolerance and the driving factor of religious tolerance in Dukuh Medono, Batang. In that village, the followers of NU, Muhammadiyah, and Kristen Jawa live peacefully and united in tolerance. The research method used here is a qualitative method with phenomenology approach. The result of the research shows that the tolerance between NU followers and Javanese Christians take the form of participation in tahlilan ritual. The tolerance between NU, Muhammadiyah followers, and Kristen Jawa followers are expressed through kerja bakti, mutual support in hajatan rituals, mixed marriage, visits to the sick, and social activities together. The factors which help to create tolerance include the culture of tolerance which exist in the village, marriages

  19. Retorik dan Makna Ideologis Karya Instalasi dalam Film Opera Jawa Garin Nugroho

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    Christian Budiman

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Film Opera Jawa karya Garin Nugroho mencoba memadukan berbagai bidang dan genre seni di dalamnya. Melalui kolaborasi dengan sejumlah maestro seni, mulai dari seni vokal dan musik Jawa, seni kostum, seni tari, sampai dengan seni instalasi yang digarap oleh para perupa seperti Entang Wiharso, Nindityo Adipurnomo, dan kawan-kawan, boleh dikatakan bahwa Opera Jawa merupakan sebuah fi lm yang sangat peduli akan visualitas. Berdasarkan pada pembacaan semiotis atas karya-karya instalasi ini di dalam konteks adegan-adegan yang terkait, dapat diketahui bahwa signifi kasi karya-karya instalasi ini pada tataran pesan simbolik telah mengedepankan konotator-konotator utama yang berupa fi gur-fi gur retorik seperti metafora, metonimi, simbol, dan personifi kasi; sementara pada dimensi ideologisnya pun tersingkap beberapa petanda konotatif utama yang sangat signifikan perannya bagi proses pemahaman atas film ini.   Kata kunci: seni instalasi, signifi kasi, retorik, ideologi. ABSTRACT The rhetorical and ideological meaning of the installation works in Opera Jawa Film by Garin Nugroho. Opera Jawa fi lm by Garin Nugroho tries to combine many kinds of art fi eld and its genre. The collaborative project carried out by some arts maestros - from the singing art and Javanese music, fashion, and the dancing art, to the installation art which was carried out by some artists, such as Entang Wiharso, Nindito Adipurnomo, and friends – could give the most signifi cant effect to Opera Jawa which pays more attention to visualization. Based on the semiotic reading to the installation works in the contexts of interrelated scenes, it can be known that the signifi cance of the installation works on the symbolic of the message level has emphasized the main connotations which consist of the rhetorical fi gures such as: metaphor, metonymy, symbol, and personifi cation. On the other hand, based on the ideological dimension, the main connotative signs which are regarded

  20. Indonesia: persues ICPD Action Programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    Since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), the focus of Indonesia's population policies have utilized people- and family-centered approaches, emphasizing poverty alleviation as a central challenge for development initiatives. However, the ongoing economic crisis in the country is hampering its efforts to extend reproductive health services to the people. The crisis also resulted in loss of jobs, price increases, and a drop in the purchasing power of families. Despite these conditions, Indonesia will still pursue its implementation of the ICPD Program of Action, and the international community should help the country achieve the goals of the ICPD amidst the economic crisis. PMID:12157874

  1. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Xanthan Gum Dan Lama Penyimpanan Terhadap Mutu Sirup Asam Jawa (Tamarindus indica L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Silitonga, Palti

    2012-01-01

    The vary of concentration of xanthan gum and the prolonged storage time had been applied to the asam jawa syrup. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of the xanthan gum concentration and storage time on the quality of asam jawa syrup. The research had been performed using Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two factors, i.e. Xanthan Gum Concentration (K) : 0.00%, 0.05%, 0.10% and 0.15% and Storage Time (W) : 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks. Parameters analysed were...

  2. EVALUASI PROGRAM PEMBINAAN RENANG DI KLUB TIRTA SERAYU, TCS, BUMI PALA, DEZENDER, SPECTRUM DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardhika Falaahudin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi konteks, input, process dan Produk pelaksanaan program pembinaan olahraga renang di Tirta Serayu, TCS, Bumi Pala, Dezender, Spectrum di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Subjek penelitian ini adalah atlet yang pernah mengikuti kejuaraan renang tingkat Nasional di klub renang Tirta Serayu Banjarnegara, TCS Semarang, Bumi Pala Temanggung, Dezender Purbalingga dan Spectrum Semarang, pelatih dan orangtua atlet yang berjumlah 15 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, angket dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini yaitu análisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan hasil evaluasi program pembinaan olahraga renang klub renang Tirta Serayu, TCS, Bumi Pala, Dezender, Spectrum di Provinsi Jawa Tengah sudah baik, meliputi: (1 evaluasi konteks dukungan dari orang tua atlet kepada atlet sudah baik, (2 evaluasi input, secara umum sumber daya manusia untuk mencapai tujuan program pembinaan olahraga renang meliputi pelatih, atlet, dan pendukung lainnya seperti sarana dan prasarana dan kualifikasi pelatihan telah memenuhi ketercapaian ideal. Meskipun untuk tingkat pendidikan pelatih serta sarana dan prasarana masih ada yang belum memadai, (3 evaluasi proses, secara umum telah berjalan dengan baik. Dalam pemilihan program setiap klub renang sebelumnya menganalisis program yang telah berjalan dengan mempertimbangkan kondisi di lapangan, pelatih telah mengikuti petunjuk teknis pelaksanaan program serta terdapat jadwal rutin dan target latihan serta dilaksanakan latih tanding, try out dengan klub atau atlet dari klub lain dan juga berperan aktif mengikuti kejuaraan, (4 evaluasi Produk, secara garis besar prestasi klub renang di Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang dicapai para atletnya terbilang sangat baik, dibuktikan dengan prestasi yang telah diraih melalui tingkat daerah, provinsi, nasional bahkan ASEAN.   THE EVALUATION OF POOL

  3. PENGARUH MEDAN LISTRIK DAN MEDAN MAGNET (MM TERHADAP FUNGSI JANTUNG DAN PEMBULUH DARAH PEKERJA OPERASIONAL PEMELIHARAAN GARDU INDUK TEGANGAN EKSTRA TINGGI PENYALURAN DAN PUSAT PENGATURAN BEBAN (P3B JAWA-BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athena Athena

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A research regarding the effects of electric field (EF and magnetic field (MF over the personnel heart function of the Operation and Maintenance of the Extra High Voltage Substation and its Network, the Central Electric Operation and Distribution in Jawa - Bali managed by PT PLN (Persero has been done. This study is part of a research with the broader aspect performing by checking the personnel health problem in general. The research design was a cross sectional study by comparing groups of the exposed workers to electric and magnetic fields, and the non-exposed workers. Each group consists of 166 samples. The exposed workers were operators in operation and maintenance field, non-strained and strained maintenance workers, whereas the non-exposed workers were administration personnel. Data was collected by performing physical health and laboratory examinations, interviews and measuring the strength of EF and MF in the working areas. The ECG examination showed that 9.8 % out of them sujforing heart dis-function (7.4% ischemic disfunction and 2.4 % impulse dis-function. The exposed workers did have the higher percentage in impulse dis-function, which may caused by electric and magnetic field exposure from the extra high voltage substation electric network, since the heart impulse relates to electrical system in human body, even though the result of its statistical test was not significant enough (p>0. 05. Furthermore, field measurement result showed that the highest strength of electric and magnetic field of the extra high voltage substation was 34.67 kV/m (electric field and 56.0 µT (magnetic field. The levels of EF at some points in the extra high voltage substation (switchyard were exceeded the limit recommended by both The Ministry of Health Regulation 261/1998 regarding The Health Condition of Working Environment and The National Standard of Indonesia 04-0659-2003 regarding the Limit of EF and MF of SUTT/SUTET, however the levels of

  4. MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PASCAERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI DI JAWA TENGAH DAN YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masrukin -

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan membuat model pemberdayaan masyarakat pascaerupsi Gunung Merapi di lokasi yang terkena dampak paling parah yaitu: di Desa Tlogolele Kecamatan Selo Kabupaten Boyolali, Desa Jumuyo Kecamatan Salam Kabupaten Magelang dan Desa Balerante Kecamatan Kemalang Kabupaten Klaten Provinsi Jawa Tengah serta Desa Kepuharjo Kecamatan Cangkringan Kabupaten Sleman Provinsi Yogyakarta. Menggunakan metode Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA untuk melakukan pengkajian keadaan desa secara partisipatif melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi dan focus group discussion (FGD. Hasil penelitian menunjukan dari keempat lokasi, memiliki kesamaan dalam model pemberdayaan yaitu: (1 Masyarakat  membutuhkan serangkaian kegiatan pemberdayaan secara menyeluruh, antara kegiatan penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pendampingan. Karena selama ini, masyarakat telah mendapat penyuluhan, pelatihan dan bantuan, akan tetapi untuk program pendampingan yang dibutuhkan tidak diberikan. Akibatnya kurang mendukung pada keberlanjutan, peningkatan produktivitas dan pemasaran.  (2 Masyarakat membutuhkan lembaga koperasi yang memiliki badan hukum sebagai pusat usaha perekonomian untuk memenuhi kebutuhan permodalan, bahan baku, dan akses jaringan pemasaran. (3 Masyarakat membutuhkan pelatihan secara periodik dan penguatan kembali kelompok siaga bencana di tingkat desa. AbstractThis research aims to create empowerment model after the eruption of Mount Merapi in locations most severely affected: Tlogolele Village of Selo District in Boyolali Regency, Jumoyo Village of Salam District in Magelang Regency and  Balerante Village in Kemalang District of Klaten Regency in Central Java Province and Kepuharjo Village of Cangkringan District in Sleman Regency in Yogyakarta Province. The research used Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA method for assessing participatory village situation through in-depth interviews, observation and focus group discussion (FGD. The results showed that

  5. DERMATITIS KONTAK PADA PEKERJA YANG TERPAJAN DENGAN BAHAN KIMIA DI PERUSAHAAN INDUSTRI OTOMOTIF KAWASAN INDUSTRI CIBITUNG JAWA BARAT

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    L. Meily Kurniawidjaja

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Factors Related to Occupational Contact Dermatitis on Workers Exposed to Chemicals used at Industrial Automotive Company. Occupational contact dermatitis is one of skin disease in industrial settings which may reduce worker productivities. The occupational contact dermatitis occurs when workers are come into contact with chemicals at part of the worker’s body. This chemical contact could lead to an occupational contact dermatitis. The objective of this research is to investigate factors related to the occupational contact dermatitis at the worker who come into contact with chemicals used in industrial automotive company in Indonesia, Cibitung Jawa Barat. The study design is a descriptive research. The research subjects were selected using a stratified random sampling, and the total subjects were 54 person. The data were collected based on physical examination by a medical doctor, and the research questionnaire. Result from this study indicated that 74% (40 workers experience dermatitis contact: acute dermatitis contact 26% (14 workers, sub acute 39% (21 workers, and chronic 9% (5 workers. Furthermore, data analysis using a multivariate statistical analysis indicated that there are three major factors related to the occurence of contact dermatitis: duration of contact, frequency of contact and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE particularly gloves. In conclusion, incidence rate of occupational dermatitis contact at industrial setting is 65%/100 worker, and prevalence rate of occupational dermatitis contact at industrial setting is 74%/100 worker. In order to minimize the occupational contact dermatitis it is recommended to raise the workers awareness, the correct type of gloves used specifically to the type of chemicals, as well as improving the workers knowledge.

  6. PENGUKURAN MOTIVASI KERJA PANITIA PENGADAAN BARANG ATAU JASA PEMERINTAH (Studi Kasus Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darminto Pujotomo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Improvment Job Motivation need to organization for better job. Aims this reserach is redesign job ofprocurement comitte in Dinas Pendidikan Propinsi Jawa Tengah for improving job motivation. This reserachbased on job characteristic, such various skills, job identification, job significant, otonomy, and feedback. Themethod Job Doiagnostic Survey (JDS from Hackman and Oldham, used for queaionaire design in comitteprocurerment responden.

  7. PENGUKURAN MOTIVASI KERJA PANITIA PENGADAAN BARANG ATAU JASA PEMERINTAH (Studi Kasus Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jawa Tengah)

    OpenAIRE

    Darminto Pujotomo; Zainal Fanani R; Prasetyo Dwi Utomo

    2012-01-01

    Improvment Job Motivation need to organization for better job. Aims this reserach is redesign job ofprocurement comitte in Dinas Pendidikan Propinsi Jawa Tengah for improving job motivation. This reserachbased on job characteristic, such various skills, job identification, job significant, otonomy, and feedback. Themethod Job Doiagnostic Survey (JDS) from Hackman and Oldham, used for queaionaire design in comitteprocurerment responden.

  8. Can Indonesia Decentralize? Plans, Problems, and Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    James Alm; Aten, Robert H.; Roy Bahl

    2000-01-01

    Indonesia is engaged in an unprecedented major social and economic experiment in which much authority and responsibility for its governmental expenditures are being decentralized from the national government, largely to the local government level rather than the provincial government level. From being the most centralized large country in the world, Indonesia is likely to become one of the most decentralized if this process is successful. This paper addresses the major issues that are arising...

  9. Pola Usaha Peternakan Kambing dan Kinerja Produktivitasnya di Wilayah Eks-Karesidenen Banyumas Jawa-Tengah

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    Akhmad Sodiq

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Goat farming pattern and their productivity in the area of eks-karesidenan banyumas, central java ABSTRACT. Goats play an important role in the livelihood of rural people in upland and lowland farming systems in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java. The main focus of this study presented in this paper, consist of (i documenting the regional goat farming pattern, and (ii find out the level of goat productivity in their farming. Importance of this study related to the development strategic fof their goat farming. Study was conducted in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java (consist of Banyumas, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara, and Cilacap regencies. Upland and lowland areas were selected by purposive sampling method. Qualitative and quantitative descriptive statistic was applied in this study. Most of goats are raised within traditional system, characterized by small-scale production. The production in upland and lowland areas focused on single purposes for producing kid goats from Peranakan Etawah (PE and Jawa Randu (JR breeds. PE goats focus on dual purposes for producing milk and meat are mostly found on upland. Flock size of PE and JR goats in upland and lowland ranges from 2 to 9 head (mean: 3.8 head and from 1 to 6 head (mean: 2.7 head, respectively. Flock size of PE goat focus on dual purposes ranges from 8 to 75 head. PE and JR goats in upland and lowland were dominated by double litter, followed by single and triplets. The highest litter size (1.89 kids was found in lowland, followed by single purpose of PE and JR goats in upland (1.78 kids, and dual purposes PE goats in upland areas (1.66 kids. Pre-weaning mortality was highest (9.5% in lowland areas for single purpose of PE and JR goats. Does reproduction and productivity ranges from 1.76-5.24 kids/does/year and 12.92-87.42 kg/does/year, respectively. Doe productivity was lowest (12.92 kg/does/year in single purpose of PE and JR at lowland due to low of their

  10. STRATEGI MANAJEMEN RESIKO PETANI CABAI MERAH PADA LAHAN SAWAH DATARAN RENDAH DI JAWA JAWA TENGAH

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    Saptana Saptana

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Red pepper farmers as the farm managers deal with risk management. Objectives of this study was to analysis farmers’ behavior in coping with risks and risks management strategy on red pepper farm management on lowland in Central Java. This study was carried out between February to March, 2009, in lowland areas in Kersana sub district, Brebes district; Karangnongko, Jogonalan, Manisrenggo, and Ngawen sub districts, Klaten district, and Teras sub district, Boyolali district, Central Java.   Decision to adopt dominant cropping pattern by including red pepper as high economic value commodity was an ex ante risk management strategy. Meanwhile, interactive risk management was carried out through over use of seeds and pesticides. If the farms failed and led to lower households’ incomes and farm sustainability, the farmers tended to employ other farm incomes, to draw savings, to sell some assets, and to borrow as the ex post risk strategy management. Implications of this study are: (i cropping patterns need to include red pepper to sustain and to improve farmers’ incomes; (ii application of hybrid red pepper varieties to cope with environmental pressure and pests’ attack; (iii farm practice technique should be locally specific based on red pepper varieties and agro ecology; (iv farm diversification and agriculture insurance could lessen production risk; and (v farmers’ group and contract farming will reduce marketing risks.

  11. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEINGINAN BERPINDAH AUDITOR (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK DI JAWA TENGAH DAN DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi Permatasari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menginvestigasi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keinginan berpindah auditor dari Kantor Akuntan Publik, yaitu faktor-faktor gaya kepemimpinan, konflik peran, ambiguitas peran, kesempatan promosi, kepuasan gaji, kebutuhan untuk berkembang, komitmen organisasi, dan kepuasan kerja. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua auditor yang bekerja di Kantor Akuntan Publik di Jawa Tengah dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 127 responden yang bekerja sebagai auditor di Kantor Akuntan Publik yang tersebar di Jawa Tengah dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, yaitu kota Semarang, Surakarta, Purwokerto, dan Yogyakarta. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan analisis regresi menggunakan teknik multivariat Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian hipotesis, diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa keinginan berpindah auditor dari Kantor Akuntan Publik banyak dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor, seperti gaya kepemimpinan, konflik peran, ambiguitas peran, kesempatan promosi, kepuasan gaji, dan kebutuhan untuk berkembang yang dimediasi oleh variabel komitmen organisasi dan kepuasan kerja The objective of this research is to investigate the factors of auditor’s turnover intention at public accountant firms, there are leadership style, role conflict, role ambiguity, promotion opportunities, pay satisfaction, personal growth needs, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction. Population of the research is all of auditors who have been working at public accountant firms in Central Java and DIY. Whereas the sample is 127 respondents who have been working as an auditor at public accountant firms, spread in Central Java and DIY, there are Semarang, Surakarta, Purwokerto, and Yogyakarta. The hypothesis test was done by regression analysis using multivariate techniques Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. Based on the results of hypothesis test, then the conclusions are auditor’s turnover

  12. Indonesia: Internal Conditions, the Global Economy, and Regional Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leitner, Helga; Sheppard, Eric S.

    1987-01-01

    Describes recent trends in the economic and regional development of Indonesia and examines the internal and external forces influencing the process. Shows how these forces account for the rise of a strong centralized state. Discusses Indonesia's current problems. Includes tables, maps, and graphs of economic investment figures, world trade, and…

  13. Decentralizing Indonesia : A Regional Public Expenditure Review Overview Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    Indonesia has embarked upon a radical and rapid decentralization program. Regional autonomy is transforming one of the most centralized countries in the world into one of the more decentralized ones. If managed well, a country as large and diverse as Indonesia will benefit greatly from decentralization, through more efficient service delivery, but also national unity and democracy. Yet, n...

  14. PENGADOPSIAN TEKNOLOGI RFID DI RUMAH SAKIT INDONESIA, MANFAAT DAN HAMBATANNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Vanany

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the benefit and barriers of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification technology adoption in Indonesian hospitals context. The investigation methods of this research used interview and semi-structured questionnaire on RFID consultants, RFID researchers, and big hospital managers in Java Island. The benefits and barriers of RFID technology adoption are identified from literature review. The barriers of RFID technology adoption are divided into two aspects, i.e., as business and technology aspects. The results of this study suggest that the benefits of RFID technology adoption are dominated of intangible benefit. Most of the respondents believed that the main barriers of RFID technology adoption are (1 the complexity of RFID technology (2 the lack of complete and valid information, and (3 there is no sufficient budget available. The detail of the outcomes and the implications of this reasarch are also discussed. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Makalah ini berupaya mengeksplorasi manfaat dan hambatan dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID (Radio Frequency Identification dalam konteks rumah sakit di Indonesia. Metode investigasi dari penelitian ini menggunakan wawancara dan kuesioner semi-struktur untuk konsultan, peneliti teknologi RFID dan manajer rumah sakit berkatagori besar di Pulau Jawa. Manfaat-manfaat dan hambatan-hambatan dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID telah diidentifikasi dari studi literatur. Hambatan dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID dibagi menjadi dua (2 aspek yaitu hambatan dari aspek bisnis dan teknologi. Temuan dari studi ini meyakini bahwa manfaat dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID didominasi oleh manfaat yang bersifat intangible. Sebagian besar responden meyakini bahwa hambatan utama dari pengadopsian teknologi RFID adalah: (1 kompleksnya teknologi RFID, (2 ketiadaan informasi yang lengkap dan valid, (3 tidak tersedianya anggaran yang cukup. Detail dari hasil studi dan implikasinya akan didiskusikan selanjutnya. Kata kunci

  15. ARCA DWARAPALA PADA CANDI-CANDI BUDDHA DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyu Sarjanawati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Temple as a product of the culture of Hindu-Buddhist period is the building that describes the concept of cosmogony and a replica of Mount Mahameru the place of the gods. Dwarapala statue is one of the guards in almost Javanese temple. The existence of this statue in the temple (depiction microcosm has a meaning. Problems which will be solved, namely: (1 where the statue Dwarapala placed in the temple Plaosan and the temple Sewu (2 how is the depiction of Dwarapala statues in the temple Palosan and the temple Sewu? Gana figure that became the object of the study were analyzed with hermeneutical analysis. Hermeneutical analysis of the statue Dwarapala can only be done if the information about these statues is known. From the results of research and discussion can be seen that the meaning of the statue at Buddhist temple Dwarapala not be separated from the concept of cosmogony. Portrayal system was adapted to the function of these statues at the temple. So it can be said that the statues have meaning that Dwarapala is a portrayal of religious situation in the Hindu-Buddhist and the symbol of the world above (heaven. The placement of temple statues Dwarapala complement cosmogony concept representations, thus building meaning of worship into a whole. Keywords:  Dwarapala, temple, hermeneutic   Candi sebagai produk dari budaya masa Hindu-Buddha adalah bangunan yang menggambarkan konsep kosmogoni dan replika Gunung Mahameru tempat para dewa. Patung Dwarapala adalah salah satu penjaga di kuil hampir Jawa. Keberadaan patung ini di candi (mikrokosmos penggambaran memiliki arti. Masalah yang akan dipecahkan, yaitu: (1 bagaimana patung Dwarapala ditempatkan di candi Plaosan dan candi Sewu (2 bagaimana penggambaran patung Dwarapala di candi Palosan dan candi Sewu? Gana sosok yang menjadi objek penelitian dianalisis dengan analisis hermeneutis. Analisis hermeneutis patung Dwarapala hanya dapat dilakukan jika informasi tentang patung-patung ini dikenal

  16. Membumikan AMI, Membangun Museum Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Mulyadi, Yadi

    2014-01-01

    Asosiasi Museum Indonesia (AMI) sebagai satu-satunya perhimpunan museum di Indonesia telah berkiprah selama 16 tahun terhitung sejak dibentuknya Badan Musyawarah Museum Indonesia (BMMI) pada tanggal 28 Oktober 1998. Lalu pada pelaksanaan Munas BMMI ke II di Cisarua Bogor tanggal 12 - 14 Juli 2004 disepakati perubahan nama dan bentuk Badan Musyawarah Indonesia (BMMI) menjadiAsosiasi Museum Indonesia (AMI).

  17. DESENTRALISASI PENGUASAAN DAN PENDAYAGUNAAN TANAH KAWASAN HUTAN DI JAWA: ANTARA HARAPAN DAN KENYATAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Subadi

    2011-01-01

    After four decades, forest land management in Java has not served the people’s greatest benefit. Enforcement of decentralisation still faces difficulty due to the innumerable conflicting interests. Decentralisation my result to conflict of law, authority, and economic interest. Regional primordialism and euphoria of receiving significant increase of revenues may also occur.Pengelolaan tanah kawasan hutan di Jawa, selama lebih dari 4 dasawarsa belum mampu mencapai sebesar-besarnya kemakmuran r...

  18. Energy and water fluxes above a cacao agroforestry system in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, indicate effects of land-use change on local climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Falk, U.; Ibrom, A.; Oltchev, A.; Kreilein, H.; Merklein, J.; Gravenhorst, G. [Inst. of Bioclimatology, Univ. Goettingen (Germany); June, T. [Inst. Pertanian Bogor, BIOTROP-ICSEA, Bogor (Indonesia); Rauf, A. [Univ. Tadulako, Palu (Indonesia)

    2005-04-01

    Rapid conversion of tropical rainforests to agricultural land-use types occurs throughout Indonesia and South-East Asia. We hypothesize that these changes in land-use affect the turbulent heat exchange processes between vegetation and the atmosphere, and the radiative properties of the surface, and therefore, induce an impact on local climate and water flows. As part of the international research project (SFB 552, Stability of Rainforest Margins in Indonesia, STORMA) the turbulent heat fluxes over a cacao agroforestry system (AFS) were investigated, using the eddy covariance technique. These first heat flux observations above a cacao AFS showed an unexpectedly large contribution of the sensible heat flux to the total turbulent heat transport, resulting in an averaged day-time Bowen ratio of {beta} = H/{lambda}E {approx} 1. Seasonality of {beta} did mainly coincide with the seasonal course of precipitation, which amounted to 1970 mm yr{sup -1} during the investigated period. The findings are compared to investigations at four neotropical rain forests where daytime {beta} were substantially smaller than 1. All discussed sites received similar incident short wave radiation, however, precipitation at the neotropical sites was much higher. Our first observations in a nearby Indonesian upland rain forest where precipitation was comparable to that at the cacao AFS showed an intermediate behaviour. Differences in {beta} between the cacao AFS and the tropical forests are discussed as a consequence of differing precipitation amounts, and albedo. From these comparisons we conclude that conversion from tropical forests to cacao AFS affects the energy fluxes towards increased heating of the day-time convective boundary-layer. (orig.)

  19. Variasi Panjang Fragmen Gen ND3 Burung Famili Ploceidae Endemik Pulau Jawa (The Length Variation of ND3Gen Fragmen of Java’s Endemic Ploceidae Family’s Birds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Fitria

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Ploceidae family’s birds in Indonesia consist of 41 species include 13 species as Java’s endemic. Some species of Ploceidae family were start to rarely oberved, because of new house developing and hunting as a pets, zoo collection and education kit. It’s need some efforts to conserve these rare species through improving the habitat, rehabilitation, nursery, controlling, law inforcement for hunters, and genetic conservation according to a knowledgement of genetic variation. The research aimed to knew the length fragmen of ND3 DNAmt Gen and genetic variation among species of Ploceidae family’s birds. 11 species were observe for morphology’s characteristic than blood sample were collected for DNA isolation with Dixit methode. ND3 gen were amplificated by DNA isolated with PCR used H11151 and L10755 primer. PCR’s gain were visualized with 2 % agarose gel. The length fragmen of ND3 DNAmt were 321bp for Bondol Jawa, 338 bp for Bondol Haji and Bondol Peking, 393 bp for Burung Gereja Erasia, 413 bp for Manyar Emas, 406 bp for Gelatik Jawa, 334 bp for Manyar Tempua and Manyar Jambul, 351 bp for Pipit Benggala, 333 bp for Bondol Hijau Binglis, 317 bp for Pipit Zebra. The conclusion of this research were : 1. the length variation of ND3 DNAmt Gen among 11 species range from 317 – 413 bp and 2. morphological variation and length variation of ND3 DNAmt Gen shows that there was genetic variation among species of Ploceidae family’s birds. Key words : Ploceidae, ND3 Gen, Java’s endemic

  20. Ergonomics policy in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutarjo, Untung S

    2007-12-01

    Workers' conditions in accordance with their place of work are different from one area to another, especially in this reformation era where there are immense alterations in politics shown from the centralized government shifting to decentralization and district autonomy. Ergonomics problems in Indonesia are reviewed. In home industries, workers have to adjust themselves to their jobs, and ergonomic improvement may face significant impediments especially in small-scale industries. It is necessary to create or identify the most plausible model to be implemented in accordance with the conditions of districts, including low awareness about the relation between ergonomics and workers' productivity in producing goods and services and working processes scattered often at their own houses. As conditions conducive to ergonomics programs, district-level willingness to improve and increase the wealth of their society, recognition by businesses about the impacts of ergonomics on productivity and reduction of medical treatment costs may be mentioned. Labor unions support ergonomic improvements at production processes, and professionals and academicians are ready to assist, whereas national banks and foreign investment may encourage new technologies including ergonomics aspects. It is important to strengthen ergonomic improvement efforts in Indonesia through establishing district ergonomics improvement networks and ergonomics peer leaders with the support of continual training starting from the training of core leaders at the province level and extending to peer leaders at district level. This training should be made as simple as possible in order to facilitate innovations toward changes. Finally assistance is needed by the mentor teams in order to periodically monitor the improvements undertaken. PMID:18572796

  1. Federalism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kumara, Aditya.

    2001-01-01

    This thesis provides a review for Indonesians about federalism, including the definition and concept, how other countries apply federalism, what the impacts of implementing federalism in Indonesia might be and what the requirements are for Indonesia to make federalism work successfully. Indonesia seems to meet some of the indicators for a successful federal state. It has a population of over 200 million and its territory is spread across more than 2, 000 inhabited islands. It has great lingui...

  2. PROSPEK INDUSTRI PARIWISATA INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Nurhayati

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia's tourism industry developed serious since the mid-1980s following a decline in revenue from oil and gas (oil). Since the 1997 economic crisis, Indonesia's tourism industry to survive. This study showed that Indonesia's tourism sector has great potential. There are five factors that will make the tourism industry has the potential to grow. First, the trend of world tourism industry will increase in the 21st century. Second, the contribution of tourism sector in economic development ...

  3. Indonesia: Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2000-01-01

    The paper reviews the progress being made toward Indonesia's full emergence from the crisis. Banking sector restructuring has been at the heart of the reform program. Corporate debt restructuring is critical for resumption of normal credit flows and Indonesia's full and sustainable economic recovery. Finally, successive reform programs have aimed at alleviating the impact of the crisis on the poorest households and creating conditions for reversing the rise in poverty. Resuming Indonesia's lo...

  4. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This study estimated Indonesia’s potential growth rate and examined its underlying determinants. Implementing a comprehensive program to address key influencing issues can improve the effectiveness of monetary policy, increase financial stability, and support capital market development. This paper also reviews the level and structure of tax revenues in Indonesia, estimates tax effort and tax efficiency, and discusses potential areas of revenue mobilization. Indonesia’s financial linkages ...

  5. Konsorsium Perpustakaan di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Gultom, Hetty

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia memiliki banyak (ribuan) perpustakaan tetapi secara umum dapat dikatakan masih sangat lemah dalam memenuhi tuntutan kebutuhan informasi para penggunanya karena mereka beroperasi hanya mengandalkan sumberdaya sendiri secara terisolasi tanpa berkolaborasi antara satu dan lainnya. Kenyataan ini telah disadari para ilmuan dan pimpinan perpustakaan di Indonesia sejak 42 tahun yang lalu dimana pada tahun 1970-an telah terjadi pembentukan jaringan yang cukup banyak di Indonesia (± 36 siste...

  6. The impact of land use change on the energy and water fluxes between atmosphere and tropical vegetation in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, U.; Ibrom, A.; Kreilein, H.; Oltchev, A.; Gravenhorst, G.

    2003-12-01

    The conversion of tropical rain forest to agriculturally used land is a widespread process throughout Indonesia. Besides the effects on the biological diversity and the hydrological functions of a forest, this also has an impact on the turbulent exchange processes between vegetation and atmosphere, the radiative properties of the surface and therefore on atmospheric boundary layer and local climate. Within the framework of the project STORMA "Stability of rain forest margins" (SFB 552, University Goettingen, financed by the German Research Foundation), the energy and water fluxes above one of the major land use types, a Cacao plantation, were investigated using the Eddy-Covariance method. Simultaneously meteorological measurements of the variables wind speed and velocity, temperature, humidity, rainfall, soil heat flux and the components of the radiation budget were performed, in order to complete the energy balance and investigate the dependencies of the turbulent exchange processes on the atmospheric boundary conditions. The measurements are being compared to a SVAT model, providing the heat flux into the vegetation. Energy balance closure is used as a means to check the quality of the measured fluxes. The comparison to measurements above undisturbed rain forest by means of the ratio of sensible to latent heat flux, the Bowen ratio, indicates a significantly different boundary layer regime of the atmosphere above the Cacao.

  7. SASTRA CYBER DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laily Fitriani

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The digital era started when the internet technology spread to the developing countries including Indonesia. The flourish of cyber literature leads to the debate on the quality of the work of literature. Above all, the existence of literature sites (cyber literature becomes an important alternative for writers and literary activist in Indonesia.

  8. SASTRA CYBER DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Laily Fitriani

    2011-01-01

    The digital era started when the internet technology spread to the developing countries including Indonesia. The flourish of cyber literature leads to the debate on the quality of the work of literature. Above all, the existence of literature sites (cyber literature) becomes an important alternative for writers and literary activist in Indonesia.

  9. KOPERASI MEMBINA WIRAUSAHA BERKARAKTER INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sugiharsono Sugiharsono

    2014-01-01

    Abstrak: Koperasi Membina Wirausaha Berkarakter Indonesia. Perekonomian Indonesia lebih banyak didukung oleh para wirausaha yang cenderung berkarakter kapitalis-liberal. Para wirausaha ini tidak banyak jumlahnya tetapi menguasai sebagian besar modal di Indonesia. Perusahaan besar tersebut lebih banyak berbentuk non koperasi sehingga cenderung membentuk wirausaha yang kapitalistis dan kurang pancasilais. Para wirausaha Indonesia harus diwadahi dalam suatu bentuk badan usaha yang berlandaskan P...

  10. Studi Hubungan Budaya dengan Aglomerasi Ekonomi (North-South Corridor Di Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachmad Kresna Sakti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   There are two things that commonly identify economic activitivities spacially such as concentration and imbalance.  East Java has two concentration poles of Java economic activities spacially. One of the concentration areas in East Java is in Surabaya, and that concentration activity is called North-South Corridor which is close to temple/ archeological site in East Java. Based on the fact, this research answers some questions like (1 Is there any interaction between culture dimension (the people and economic dimension? (2 How does culture dimension interacts with economic dimension? The aims of the research are (a To know the interaction between culture dimension (the people and economic dimension partially and cumulatively, so there will be North-South Corridor in East Java; (b To know the flow of mechanism from the detail of culture dimension interacting with economic dimension. The research was done outside North-South Corridor  area in East Java. The result of the research shows (1 there is a relationship between culture and economic dimension. It can be showed from the difference of each economic subject both inside and outside North-South Corridor in facing Hofstede Culture; (2 the difference of culture is formed by the environment of area inside and outside North-South Corridor.   Keywords: North-South Corridor, culture, economic concentration   ABSTRAKS   Terdapat dua hal yang seringkali menjadi ciri menonjol dari kegiatan perekonomian secara spasial, yaitu adanya konsentrasi dan ketimpangan. Di Pulau Jawa Terdapat dua kutub konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi di Jawa secara spasial. Salah satunya wilayah konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi di Surabaya Jawa Timur. Konsentrasi kegiatan tersebut dikenal dengan koridor utara – selatan. Menariknya koridor Utara-Selatan berhimpit dengan letak situs purbakala/candi di Jawa Timur.  Berpijak pada kesenjangan realita tersebut, penelitan ini berusaha menjawab pertanyaan berikut, (1 apakah

  11. Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Malaria di Indonesia (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rika Mayasari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is still endemic in most areas of Indonesia. Indonesia incluted the eastern part of the high malaria stratification, while Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra are being incluted in the medium stratification. Java and Bali are low endemic even though there are some villages of high endemic. Health status in an area is affected by four factors that are related and influenceach other, namely environmental, behavioral, health services and the off spring factors. Individual risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of malaria infection are age, gender, pregnancy, genetic, nutritional status, activities out of the house at night and contextual risk faktors (environment, seasons, social economy. The purpose of this research was to analyze the risk factors associated with the occurrence of malaria in Indonesia based on the data of basic health research (Riskesdas by 2013. There were 19 individual factors showed significantly with malaria risk. History of insecticide spraying (and use of household insecticides was not significantly associated with malaria risk. The greatest risk factor for malaria infection was the use of mosquito nets of nineteen individual factors there is one factors that was not a risk factor for the occurrence of malaria infection which is the factor home insect repellent/insecticide spraying. The greatest risk factor was the use of mosquito nets (OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.28-4.12 while the smallest was the travel time to the midwive services (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.55-0,19.Keywords : Risk Faktors, Malaria, IndonesiaAbstrakMalaria masih endemis di sebagian besar wilayah Indonesia. Indonesia bagian timur masuk dalam stratifikasi malaria tinggi, sementara Kalimantan, Sulawesi dan Sumatera masuk dalam stratifikasi sedang. Daerah Jawa dan Bali masuk dalam stratifikasi rendah, namun masih terdapat desa dengan angka kasus malaria yang tinggi. Status kesehatan disuatu daerah dipengaruhi oleh empat faktor yang berhubungan dan saling

  12. DESENTRALISASI PENGUASAAN DAN PENDAYAGUNAAN TANAH KAWASAN HUTAN DI JAWA: ANTARA HARAPAN DAN KENYATAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Subadi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available After four decades, forest land management in Java has not served the people’s greatest benefit. Enforcement of decentralisation still faces difficulty due to the innumerable conflicting interests. Decentralisation my result to conflict of law, authority, and economic interest. Regional primordialism and euphoria of receiving significant increase of revenues may also occur.Pengelolaan tanah kawasan hutan di Jawa, selama lebih dari 4 dasawarsa belum mampu mencapai sebesar-besarnya kemakmuran rakyat. Desentralisasi masih sulit diwujudkan, karena banyaknya tarikmenarik berbagai kepentingan. Desentralisasi akan berimplikasi pada konflik perundang-undangan, konflik kewenangan, konflik ekonomi, euforia peningkatan PAD, dan primordialisme kedaerahan.

  13. Indonesia; CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents key findings of the Financial Sector Assessment Program for Indonesia. The program covers Bank Indonesia’s real-time gross settlement (BI-RTGS) system’s observance of the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems (CPSS) core principles for systemically important payment systems (SIPS). The assessment reveals that the legal foundation for payment systems in Indonesia is generally sound with explicit provisions for the central bank’s involvement in payment systems. T...

  14. Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 38. Pro-poor Energy Strategy in Central Java

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumardi, R. Rizal Isnanto; Firdausi, Aulia Latifah Insan [Diponegoro University, Semarang (Indonesia)

    2012-01-15

    The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects.

  15. Short-term Poverty Dynamics of Rural Households in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia – Evidence from Panel Data of 2005 and 2007.

    OpenAIRE

    van Edig, Xenia

    2011-01-01

    The understanding of poverty dynamics is crucial for the design of appropriate poverty reduction strategies. Taking the case of Central Sulawesi, we investigate the determinants of both chronic and transitory poverty using data from 264 randomly selected households interviewed in 2005 and 2007. Regarding the US 1$/day poverty line, the headcount index declined from 19.3% in 2005 to 18.2% in 2007. However, we observed an increasing number of people living on less than US 2$/day exp...

  16. Kajian Awal 5G Indonesia [5G Indonesia Early Preview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awangga Febian Surya Admaja

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia saat ini tengah memasuki era teknologi 4G dimana secara global teknologi ini telah dikomersilkan sejak tahun 2009. Melihat pengalaman implementasi teknologi seluler dari 1G sampai dengan 4G di Indonesia yang selalu terlambat, maka kajian ini diharapkan dapat menjadi awal persiapan Indonesia dalam menghadapi teknologi 5G dengan mengidentifikasi teknologi seluler saat ini dengan gambaran umum industri telekomunikasi di Indonesia saat ini. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode pengumpulan data melalui FGD dan wawancara mendalam kepada regulator, operator, vendor, serta akademisi. Dalam kajian ini didapatkan bahwa Indonesia perlu memetakan key requirement 5G yang sesuai dengan kondisi di Indonesia sehingga dapat disusun roadmap 5G Indonesia.*****Indonesia is currently entering the 4G era even though 4G technology has been commercialized globally since 2009. Seeing the experience of late implementation of mobile technology from 1G to 4G in Indonesia, this study is expected to be the initial preparation of Indonesia in facing 5G technology era to identify cellular technology today with a general overview of the telecommunications industry in Indonesia. The study used a qualitative approach with data collection methods through focus group discussions and depth interviews with regulators, operators, vendors, and academics. It was found in this study that Indonesia needs to map out 5g key requirements in accordance with the conditions in Indonesia so it can be used to prepare Indonesia 5G roadmap.

  17. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spessa, A. C.; Field, R. D.; Pappenberger, F.; Langner, A.; Englhart, S.; Weber, U.; Stockdale, T.; Siegert, F.; Kaiser, J. W.; Moore, J.

    2015-03-01

    Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Based on analyses of long, up-to-date series observations on burnt area, rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss, and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire) and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss, and weak, non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire). The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt and fire-affected area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and burnt and fire-affected area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  18. PERMASALAHAN DAN FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA HIPERTENSI DI KABUPATEN BOGOR PROV. JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julianty Pradono

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Background: At this time hypertension has been showed a sustained, consistent and independent of heart disease in the leading cause of death. This study aimed to identify the problems and risk factors associated with hypertension in Bogor regency, West Java Province. Methods: The study was a secondary data analysis Riskesdas 2007 with a cross-sectional design and qualitative study. The respondents of this study were 15-60 years age group a total of 2.785 person. The multivariate logistic regression and qualitative analysis were used for analysis. Results: Statistical models showed that risk factors associated with the occurrence of hypertension in Bogor district needs to focus on health behavior e.g enough physical activity, not smoking, reducing fat diet, maintaining ideal body weight and central obesity. Qualitative results showed a lack of knowledge about the causes of hypertension, symptom of hypertension, how to detect hypertension and the treatment of hypertension that needs to takes a long time and continuously. This time the program of non-communicable diseases has not been a priority, so the activities and the availability of antihypertensive drugs in health facilities inadequate. Conclusion: Modifying lifestyle to reduce the risk of increased body weight and abdominal circumference, is an important role in preventing the occurrence of hypertension in Bogor district. Healthy Behaviors promotion have to raise awareness of risk factors for hypertension. Keyword : Hypertension, Risk Factors, Intervention, Bogor district Abstrak. Latar belakang : Hipertensi memperlihatkan hubungan yang berkelanjutan, konsisten dan independen terhadap penyakit jantung yang merupakan penyebab kematian utama saat ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui permasalahan dan faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan terjadinya hipertensi di Kabupaten Bogor Provinsi Jawa Barat. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan analisis data sekunder Riskesdas 2007 dengan

  19. Issues in Indonesia's tsunami disaster management system revealed after the 2004 Sumatra event

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimoto, M.; Koyama, A.; Sun, H.; Kang, I.; Arakawa, T.; Kobayashi, J.; Nagata, M.; Nakanishi, R.; Nakano, M.; Noguchi, S.

    2014-12-01

    During the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, Indonesia had the largest number of casualties around 170,000. International society has supported tsunami early warning system, disaster management and disaster education for Indonesia. The past ten years saw several tsunamis in Indonesia after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Construction of tsunami early warning system was not in time the 2006 Pangandaran tsunami in Jawa Island. On the other hand, tsunami science has been developed for this decade. Tsunami early warning system has been developed by deep ocean pressure gauges (DART system), coastal tide gauges, GPS buoys and so on. Tsunami folklore has been collected and used education and connected with tsunami deposit. However, the tsunami early warning system and other science application were not widely used at once in Indonesia. GPS buoys were stolen by fishery people. One tsunami evacuation building are not used for evacuation by local people in Aceh Sumatra Island in 2012 though locations of the buildings were selected by scientific numerical simulation. Big panic and trafic accidents occurred by M8.6 earthquake in Aceh in April 2012 and reveal lack of disaster management planning in urban planning during reconstruction (Fig.1: Trafic jam in Banda Aceh, source MSN news photo). In addition to this, the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami reveal fragilities tsunami preparedness. How should we decide to use the tsunami science? We research field situation in Aceh the after 10 years past from the 2004 Sumatra event. This presentation discusses issues of the gap between tsunami science and operations through field research in Aceh now.

  20. PELAKSANAAN PERJANJIAN BAGI HASIL DI KABUPATEN WONOGIRI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Budiawan, Veri

    2014-01-01

    This thesis entitled Implementation Revenue Sharing Agreement In Wonogiri Central Java. The problems of this research is how the implementation and execution of an agreement for the division of the proceeds between landowners and tenants were assisted by some farm workers are not fixed (called bawon) Wonogiri in Central Java. Sources of data in this study consisted of primary data and secondary data. Primary data is data obtained directly from respondents and interviewees. Secondary data c...

  1. APLIKASI METODE GEOMAGNETIK UNTUK MEMETAKAN SITUS ARKEOLOGI CANDI BADUT MALANG JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Wulan Kencana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Arkeologi mengarahkan kajian pada benda-benda peninggalan manusia yang bersifat material dan berhubungan dengan periode paling kuno dalam sejarah umat manusia. Candi badut merupakan peralihan gaya bangunan klasik dari Jawa tengah ke Jawa timur. Awal mulanya hanya berupa gundukan batu, reruntuhan dan tanah. Sehingga diperlukan metode geomagnetic untuk mengetahui struktur dan posisi arkeologi Candi Badut. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat magnetometer jenis proton procession magnetometer (PPM selama satu hari dengan luasan daerah 3025 m2, serta titik pengukuran dibuat dengan jarak 2.5 m sehingga menghasilkan 418 titik pengukuran. Interpretasi dilakukan secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan menggunakan software surfer 10, magpick dan mag2dc. Hasil penelitian untuk interpretasi kualitatif diperoleh peta kontur anomali residual magnetik memiliki variasi nilai anomali antara -1000 nT - 800 nT. Kemungkinan nilai anomali tinggi diduga adalah candi induk dan pondasi pagar candi yang berada disebelah barat candi induk. Candi induk dan pagar candi terbuat dari batuan andesit. Untuk hasil interpretasi kuantitatif pada irisan AB didapatkan nilai suseptibilitas 0,613 pada batuan candi induk dengan kedalaman 3 m dan nilai suseptibilitas 0,23 pada pondasi pagar sebelah barat candi induk pada kedalaman 2 m.

  2. Indonesia : Avoiding the Trap

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    Within the next two decades Indonesia aspires to generate prosperity, avoid a middle-income trap and leave no one behind as it tries to catch up with high-income economies. These are ambitious goals. Realizing them requires sustained high growth and job creation, as well as reduced inequality. Can Indonesia achieve them? This report argues that the country has the potential to rise and bec...

  3. Indonesia's palm oil subsector

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Donald F

    1996-01-01

    Debate on Indonesia's palm oil policy was stimulated by a sharp increase in cooking oil prices in 1994-95 and a resulting increase in the export tax rate on crude palm oil. Palm oil has been one of the fastest growing subsectors in Indonesia. Using a quantitative model, the author analyzes the effect of government policies, including the export tax, buffer stock operations by the BULOG (the national logistics agency), and directed sales from public estates. The author acknowledges the export ...

  4. Jepara Indonesia Furniture

    OpenAIRE

    romanzick

    2016-01-01

    Jepara Indonesia Furniture A wide choice of Indonesian furniture companies provide free business listings to all types of furniture also for outlets and stores. Each section is accessible that contains a comprehensive list of our range of furniture details information and full campaign. We provided a platform create various products along with featured inspiration section related products, services, accessories. Indonesia Furniture Teak Garden Furniture It is bringing customers distinctive as...

  5. Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Sandra L.

    1996-01-01

    This is a study of Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia. Islamic fundamentalism is defined as the return to the foundations and principles of Islam including all movements based on the desire to create a more Islamic society. After describing the practices and beliefs of Islam, this thesis examines the three aspects of universal Islamic fundamentalism: revivalism, resurgence, and radicalism. It analyzes the role of Islam in Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule, an alien Christian imperialist po...

  6. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2006-01-01

    The corporate sector in Indonesia has been recovering in recent years from the financial crisis of 1997–98. This paper analyzes the performance of the Indonesian nonfinancial corporate sector in recent years and discusses remaining challenges and vulnerabilities. The decline in corporate leverage may have resulted to a large extent from supply-side constraints. Indonesia was the country most severely affected by the Asian financial crisis, with GDP declining by 13 percent in 1998. Despite m...

  7. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2008-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper for Indonesia uses a small structural macroeconomics model of the Indonesian economy to analyze the inflation outlook and monetary policy challenges. The Bank of Indonesia (BI) introduced its Inflation Targeting Framework in July 2005 with the goal to reduce inflation in the medium term to 3 percent. BI’s official mandate is stability of the rupiah, both internal and external, and BI views the inflation targeting regime with a floating exchange rate as the best st...

  8. Marine lakes of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Becking, Leontine Elisabeth

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to obtain insight into the processes that play a role in biodiversity patterns of tropical marine species by using marine lakes as a model. Marine lakes are landlocked water bodies that maintain a marine character through narrow submarine connections to the sea. Two regions in Indonesia were studied: Berau (East Kalimantan) and Raja Ampat (West Papua). The following questions were addressed: 1. What are the different types of marine lakes in Indonesia? 2. Are ...

  9. Indonesia in 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Gunn, Geoffrey C.

    2014-01-01

    Ahead of upcoming elections, expectations ran high in 2013 across the archipelago for a highly pluralistic electorate. With China as a leading trading partner, the backdrop for Indonesia was steady economic growth, albeit checked by a sliding currency, a current account deficit, and a depressing culture of corruption. Mixing commerce and geopolitics, China, the U.S., and Japan all turned to Indonesia to expand their influence.

  10. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper assesses Indonesia’s trade integration relative to underlying country characteristics. The paper analyzes Indonesia’s vulnerabilities, especially compared with the eve of the crisis in 1997. Various indicators suggest that the underlying fundamentals are significantly stronger. The paper examines key features of the financial safety net (FSN) in view of international standards and concludes that the current system is capable of timely addressing bank problems. I...

  11. Indonesia's Rising Divide

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2016-01-01

    In 2015, Indonesia stands as an increasingly divided country, unequal in many ways. There is a growing income divide between the richest 10 percent and the rest of the population, and this gap is driven by many other types of inequality in Indonesia.People are divided into haves and have-nots from before birth. Some children are born healthy and grow up well in their early years; many do n...

  12. Membumikan Multikulturalisme Di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Syaifuddin, Achmad Fedyani

    2009-01-01

    This article tries to discuss the types of multiculturalism that may appropriately adjust in Indonesia reality. Multiculturalism was viewed as a good alternative to solve the new complicated problems that happens in Indonesia to maintain national integration by now and in the future. The author discusses the abstract concepts and strategies about multiculturalism to become something more concrete and able to be implemented in daily life. The author discusses these issues largely by connect...

  13. RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI ANDROID BERBASIS LOKASI UNTUK PENCARIAN DISTRIBUTION POINT (STUDI KASUS PT. TELKOM INDONESIA KANDATEL PATI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayu Laksmi Pandhita

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Wilayah STO Pati terdapat lebih dari 500 Distribution Point (DP. Jumlah DP yang banyak di wilayah STO Pati dan luasnya wilayah, membuat petugas kesulitan mengingat lokasi DP. Petugas sudah memiliki alat bantu Sistem Informasi Kastemer (SISKA tetapi tidak dilengkapi peta sehingga petugas masih mengalami kendala dalam mencari lokasi DP. DP juga berhubungan dengan RK dan rumah pelanggan. Metodologi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu pengumpulan data menggunakan metode kuisioner, wawancara, dan pengukuran fisik. Kemudian dianalisis untuk menentukan kebutuhan user dan kebutuhan sistem. Implementasi aplikasi memanfaatkan Android Development Tools (ADT, Google Maps API, dan web service. Pengujian sistem dilakukan dengan 2 metode, yaitu Black Box dan pengujian lapagan.Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah sebuah aplikasi android pencarian DP berbasis lokasi dengan memanfaatkan GPS dan konsep Location Based Service (LBS yang dapat memberikan informasi lokasi DP, RK, rumah pelanggan, dan memberikan informasi rute yang bisa ditempuh serta dapat melakukan panggilan telepon kepada pelanggan. Hasil pengujian sistem dengan metode Black Box didapatkan persentase 100% yang menyatakan bahwa aplikasi sudah berjalan sesuai dengan kebutuhan sistem. Presisi GPS yang dimiliki aplikasi android pencarian Distribution Point(DP berbasis lokasi kurang dari 10 meter, hasil ini diperoleh dengan membandingkan koordinat dari aplikasi yang dihasilkan dan GPS Garmin 785.Kata Kunci : Location Based Service, web service, Google Maps, GPS, Android.

  14. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance. Keywords: palm oil, CPO consumption, Error Correction Model

  15. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance.

  16. SEROLOGICAL SURVEY OF PIGS FROM A SLAUGHTERHOUSE IN JAKARTA, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Koesharjono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Maksud dan tujuan dari survey ini ialah untuk mempelajari akan kemungkinannya he­wan-hewan babi memegang peranan sebagai reservoir ataupun amplifier dari penyakit-penyakit zoonotic di Pulau Jawa. Survey ini di­jalankan bersama-sama dengan Namru-2 di Jakarta. Sebagian besar specimens yang berupa darah, berasal dari babi babi yang akan dipotong dirumah pemotongan hewan babi di Jakarta Barat, babi-babi tersebut ada yang berasal dari Jawa Tengah, Jawa Barat, serta sebagian lagi berasal dari babi-babi milik rakyat di daerah Kapok. Pengambilan specimens dilakukan sehari sebelum babi-babi tadi dipotong. Setiap pagi lebih kurang 150 ekor babi dipotong, dimana umurnya berkisar antara enam hingga 24 bulan. Pada survey ini telah dikumpulkan 399 specimens, sebanyak 227 specimens berasal dari babi-babi betina, 159 specimens berasal dari babi-babi jantan, serta 13 specimens berasal dari babi-babi jantan kebiri. Hasil Pemeriksaan Laboratorium. Pemeriksaan terhadap Toxoplasma. Dari 166 sera yang berasal dari babi-babi Jawa Barat sebanyak 46 (28 percent me-nunjukan hasil positif (titer 1 : 8 atau lebih j Sedangkan 235 sera berasal dari babi-babi Jawa Tengah , hany a sebanyak 17(7percent yang menunjukan hasil positif (titer 1 : 8.  Titer yang lebih tinggi (1 : 1024 juga di­temukan pada babi-babi yang berasal dari Jawa Barat.Pemeriksaan terhadap Brucella suis. Titer 1 : 320 masih diketemukan pada semua group, akan tetapi sebagian besar serum me­nunjukan hasil negatip. Sebagian kecil sera yang berasal dari babi-babi tua dari Jawa-Barat menunjukan adanya anti­body yang lebih tinggi dari pada babi-babi muda.Pemeriksaan terhadap penyakit Japanese Encephalitis. Pada semua golongan umur dari geographical-group dari babi-babi menunjuk­an adanya anti-body terhadap J.E. Sera yang negatip lebih banyak berasal dari babi-babi Jawa Tengah.Pemeriksaan terhadap penyakit Influenza. Titer yang menyolok terhadap penyakit Influenza A2 Hongkong terdapat pada babi

  17. Comparing the impacts of Miocene-Pliocene changes in inter-ocean gateways on climate: Central American Seaway, Bering Strait, and Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brierley, Chris M.; Fedorov, Alexey V.

    2016-06-01

    Changes in inter-ocean gateways caused by tectonic processes have been long considered an important factor in climate evolution on geological timescales. Three major gateway changes that occurred during the Late Miocene and Pliocene epochs are the closing of the Central American Seaway (CAS) by the uplift of the Isthmus of Panama, the opening of the Bering Strait, and the closing of a deep channel between New Guinea and the Equator. This study compares the global climatic effects of these changes within the same climate model framework. We find that the closure of the CAS and the opening of the Bering Strait induce the strongest effects on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC). However, these effects potentially compensate, as the closure of the CAS and the opening of the Bering Strait cause similar AMOC changes of around 2 Sv (strengthening and weakening respectively). Previous simulations with an open CAS consistently simulated colder oceanic conditions in the Northern Hemisphere - contrasting with the evidence for warmer sea surface temperatures 10-3 million years ago. Here we argue that this cooling is overestimated because (a) the models typically simulated too strong an AMOC change not yet in equilibrium, (b) used a channel too deep and (c) lacked the compensating effect of the closed Bering Strait - a factor frequently ignored despite its potential influence on northern high latitudes and ice-sheet growth. Further, we discuss how these gateway changes affect various climatic variables from surface temperature and precipitation to ENSO characteristics.

  18. Do qualitative methods validate choice experiment-results? A case study on the economic valuation of peatland restoration in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaafsma, M.; Van Beukering, P.J.H.; Davies, O.; Oskolokaite, I.

    2009-05-15

    This study explores the benefits of combining independent results of qualitative focus group discussions (FGD) with a quantitative choice experiment (CE) in a developing country context. The assessment addresses the compensation needed by local communities in Central Kalimantan to cooperate in peatland restoration programs by using a CE combined with a series of FGD to validate and explain the CE-results. The main conclusion of this study is that a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods is necessary to assess the economic value of ecological services in monetary terms and to better understand the underlying attitudes and motives that drive these outcomes. The FGD not only cross-validate results of the CE, but also help to interpret the differences in preferences of respondents arising from environmental awareness and ecosystem characteristics. The FGD confirms that the CE results provide accurate information for ecosystem valuation. Additional to the advantages of FGD listed in the literature, this study finds that FGD provide the possibility to identify the specific terms and conditions on which respondents will accept land-use change scenarios. The results show that FGD may help to address problems regarding the effects of distribution of costs and benefits over time that neo-classical economic theory poses for the interpretation of economic valuation results in the demand it puts on the rationality of trade-offs and the required calculations.

  19. A Hidden Language – Dutch in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, Hendrik M

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of Indonesian language politics on the formation and consolidation of Indonesian national identity. Maier’s central argument is that Indonesia’s claim to have completely eradicated colonist language from that of the independent state is a myth. He contends rather, that the revolutionary fervor that drove the creation of a new language and national culture in Indonesia also contributed to the repression of the ongoing presence of Dutch in both its language and n...

  20. Identifikasi Variabel Makro Ekonomi Di Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Wahyu R.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The economic growth of Central Java have been facing some good phases over the period of stabilization and rehabilitation (1967-1972, the golden age of oil (1973-1982, the period of external shocks I (1983-1986, the era of the rise of non-oil exports (1987-1996, the period of external shocks II (1997-1998, and the period of economic stabilization after crisis (1999-2003. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the economic growth of Central Java Province based on the identified macroeconomic variables, especially in terms of spending and to see the amount of labor absorbed in every field of business. The data used for modeling the application is secondary data and annual time series from 1995 until 2011. The result of this study showed that macroeconomic variable in terms of spending (real sector which directly affects regional gross domestic regional product of Central Java, consists of: household consumption (C, government consumption (G, private consumption (I, exports (X. Meanwhile, imports does not directly affect gross domestic regional product of Central Java. There are also six (6 business sectors in Central Java Province which are able to increase the absorption of labor every increase of its output that is showed by the number of positive working elasticity. These business sectors are: manufacturing; electricity, gas, and water supply; construction; trade, hotels and restaurants; finance, leasing & services companies, and services. But, there are three business sectors whose working elasticity is negative, it means that although the ouput generated increases, but its absorption towards labor is low (decrease. These three business sectors are: agriculture; mining & quarrying; and transportation & communication.

  1. Masalah Kependudukan di Negara Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Rahayu Sanusi

    2003-01-01

    Dari hasil sensus penduduk tahun 1990 jumlah penduduk Indonesia adalah 179,4 juta. Berarti Indonesia termasuk negara terbesar ke tiga di antara negaranegara yang sedang berkembang setelah Gina dan India.Dibanding dengan jumlah sensus tahun 1980 maka akan terlihat peningkatan penduduk Indonesia rata-rata 1,98% pertahun. Berdasarkan hasil proyeksi penduduk, jumlah penduduk Indonesia pada tahun 1995 sebanyak 195,3 juta jiwa. fkm-sri rahayu

  2. Analisis Determinan Net Ekspor Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Daulay, Rahmawaty

    2010-01-01

    This study is to analyzing empirically among Indonesia GDP, trade partnership GDP (Malaysia, Singapore, US and Thailand) and real exchange rate toward Indonesia Net Export. To find out which one from those three variables is significant in order to fluctuating (increasing or decreasing) Indonesia Net Export either in the short run or in the long run. Data collection is obtained using secondary data, namely Indonesia GDP, Malaysia GDP, Singapura GDP, US GDP, Thailand GDP and real exchange rate...

  3. Indonesia Economic Quarterly FY13

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    The Indonesia economic quarterly reports on and synthesizes the past three months key developments in Indonesia s economy. It places them in a longer-term and global context, and assesses the implications of these developments and other changes in policy for the outlook for Indonesia s economic and social welfare. Its coverage ranges from the macroeconomy to financial markets to indicators of ...

  4. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatization in the New Order era, and is now experiencing ambiguity in the Reformation era. Indonesian women's political participation need to find a strong platform to promote the aspirations of his peopleKeywords: partisipation, representation, domestification, stigmatization, and women politic.Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis histo-risitas partisipasi politik dan keterwakilan perempuan dalam lanskap politik di Indonesia. Tu-lisan ini menggunakan perspektif teori feminisme sebagai analisis inti dalam meninjau isu nya. Periodisitas partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia sangat fluktuatif dan tergantung pada situasi politik kontemporer. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia di era kolonialisme mengalami domestikasi, revivalisme di era Soekarno, stigmatisasi di era Orde Baru, dan sekarang mengalami ambiguitas dalam era Reformasi. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia perlu menemukan platform yang kuat untuk memperjuangkan aspirasi rakyatnyaKata kunci: partisipasi, representasi, domestifikasi, stigmasi, politik perempuan  

  5. Desert agricultural terrace systems at EBA Jawa (Jordan) - Layout, water availability and efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister, Julia; Krause, Jan; Müller-Neuhof, Bernd; Portillo, Marta; Reimann, Tony; Schütt, Brigitta

    2016-04-01

    Located in the arid basalt desert of northeastern Jordan, the Early Bronze Age (EBA) settlement of Jawa is by far the largest and best preserved archaeological EBA site in the region. Recent surveys in the close vicinity revealed well-preserved remains of three abandoned agricultural terrace systems. In the presented study these archaeological features are documented by detailed mapping and the analysis of the sediment records in a multi-proxy approach. To study the chronology of the terrace systems optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) is used. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the water management techniques and its impact on harvest yields, a crop simulation model (CropSyst) under today's climatic conditions is applied, simulating crop yields with and without (runoff) irrigation. In order to do so, a runoff time series for each agricultural terrace system and its catchment is generated, applying the SCS runoff curve number method (CN) based on rainfall and soil data. Covering a total area of 38 ha, irrigated terrace agriculture was practiced on slopes, small plateaus, and valleys in the close vicinity of Jawa. Floodwater from nearby wadis or runoff from adjacent slopes was collected and diverted via surface canals. The terraced fields were arranged in cascades, allowing effective water exploitation through a system of risers, canals and spillways. The examined terrace profiles show similar stratigraphic sequences of mixed unstratified fine sediments that are composed of small-scale relocated sediments with local origin. The accumulation of these fines is associated with the construction of agricultural terraces, forcing infiltration and storage of the water within the terraces. Two OSL ages of terrace fills indicate that the construction of these terrace systems started as early as 5300 ± 300 a, which fits well to the beginning of the occupation phase of Jawa at around 3.500 calBC, thus making them to the oldest examples of its kind in the Middle East

  6. SURVEI DINAMIKA PENULARAN MALARIA DI DESA BANJARETNO, KECAMATAN KAJORAN, KABUPATEN MAGELANG, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyanto Ristiyanto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka menurunkan angka endemisilas malaria di Kabupaten Magelang telah dilakukan studi dinamika penularan. Tujuan survei dinamika penularan ini adalah mengetahui proses terjadinya penularan malaria dan faktor-faktor risiko kejadian malaria. Lokasi survei di Desa Banjaretno, Kecamatan Kajorun, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah, Juni 2004. Metode survei adalah metode survei dinamika penularan yang telah distandardkan dalam pelatihan ICDC. Hasil survei parasit malaria menunjukkan bahwa 5 orang (5,10% dari 98 orang mengandung parasit Plasmodium falciparum. Hasil survei entomologi di liga rumah kasus malaria diperoleh angka man baiting rate (MBR nyamuk Anopheles aconitus di dalam rumah 0,5/jam/orang dan di luar rumah 1,08/jam/orang. Parity rate nyamuk tersebut 0%. Tempat perindukan di sekitar rumah kasus malaria adalah sawah, kolam, dan saluran irigasi. Penanaman padi tidak serempak, sehingga, tempat perindukan An. aconitus tersedia sepanjang tahun. Kepadatan larva nyamuk An. aconitus berkisar antara 0,3-2,1 perciduk. Hasil survei perilaku pada 31 responden (5 kasus malaria dan 26 orang tetangga kasus malaria diketahui bahwa pengetahuan, dan sikap responden mendukung untuk melakukan pencegahan penularan malaria (80% dari 31 responden, tetapi tidak diikuti dengan tindakan mencegah malaria (39,76% dari 31 responden. Semua rumah kasus malaria berdinding kayu atau bambu, belum menggunakan langit-langit, jendela dan ventilasi belum rapat nyamuk (100% rumah kasus malaria. Kebiasaan pada malam hari (5 kasus malaria yang mendukung penularan malaria adalah kebiasaan menonton TV bersama-sama pada malam hari dengan keadaan pintu dan jendela terbuka. Pelayanan kesehatan oleh Puskesmas tidak melakukan kunjungan rutin ke daerah endemis malaria karena tidak ada JMD. Hasil survei dinamika penularan ini memperlihatkan bahwa penularan malaria di Desa Banjaretno. Kecamatan Kajoran, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah terjadi pada musim kemarau, di dalam rumah pada

  7. DGI-Indonesia.Com: Empat Tahun untuk Komuniti Indonesia Kreatif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danu Widhyatmoko

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available DGI-Indonesia.com as a community site is able to answer the new needs of the virtual space. This paper will begin with the history of DGI-Indonesia.com; then the discussion about the roles undertaken by the DGI-Indonesia.com. Research method used in this paper is literature study, continued with reflective data analysis. By the end of the paper, a more comprehensive picture about DGI-Indonesia.com's activities such as a forum for self-actualization, interaction, exploration that helps sustain the development of science-based and creative professions in Indonesia.

  8. Legal and actual central bank independence

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; J. de Haan

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  9. Turning point for Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, R.

    2006-07-21

    Indonesia's government has started to reform its subsidies policy, but structural reforms are needed to encourage more foreign investment. In 2005, Indonesia's coal production increased by 11% to 146.8 Mt, PT Bumi Resources being the largest producer. In March 2006 Bumi announced the sale of its coal interests to a consortium of foreign and Indonesian investors. Other major producers, PT Adaro, PT Berau Coal, PT Kideco and state-owned PT Bukat Asam all increased production in 2005. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2009-01-01

    Indonesia’s external borrowing spreads increased by more than 1000 bps from mid-2007 to late 2008, before subsiding in recent months. The large increase in spreads prompted questions about whether the spreads adequately reflect the improvements in fundamentals made over the past few years. This Selected Issues paper examines the determinants of Indonesia’s spreads, and finds that fundamentals can explain both the level of and the increase in spreads. It uses a cross-country panel regressi...

  11. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper takes stock of the progress made in meeting the objectives under Indonesia’s Extended Arrangements (1998–2003) program. The paper addresses progress in achieving the programs’ core macroeconomic objectives, with an emphasis on how Indonesia’s economic recovery compares with those of the other major Asian “crisis†countries. A major conclusion of the paper is that, while significant progress has been made against many of the key objectives of the arrangeme...

  12. Youth Idleness in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Elfindri Elfindri; Bemby Soebiakto; Harizal Harizal; Jahen F. Rezki

    2015-01-01

    This study is concerned with the issue of youth idleness in Indonesia. Soaring idleness at a younger age has a serious impact on economic and social aspects, which have been discussed in various literatures recently. A limited research available on it is in the context of Indonesia. In this paper, we assess models on the probability of youth as potential job seekers denoted as unemployment as well as passive job seekers, called as ‘idle’ youth, and try to understand contributing factors to ex...

  13. Assessment of groundwater quality and pollution potential of Jawa Block Rewa District, Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.N. Tiwari

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals an assessment of groundwater quality and pollution potcntial of Jawa block, Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh India. Geologically, the area is occupied by shale and sandstone of Rewa Group, Vindhyan Supergroup. Interpretation of analytical data shows Ca-Mg-HCO3 and Ca-Mg-SO4-Cl facies. The chemical parameters- hardness, sulphate and total dissolved solid exceed the desirable limit in few locations which should be use for drinking after some chemical treatments. The higher concentration of nitrate may be due to excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides. The fluoride is generally within permissible limit with few exceptions. The computed DRASTIC Index suggests intermediate to high pollution susceptibility. The interpretation on the basis of available data shown that the groundwater of the area was more or less fit for drinking.

  14. EVALUASI PROGRAM PEMBINAAN RENANG DI KLUB TIRTA SERAYU, TCS, BUMI PALA, DEZENDER, SPECTRUM DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Ardhika Falaahudin; FX Sugiyanto

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi konteks, input, process dan Produk pelaksanaan program pembinaan olahraga renang di Tirta Serayu, TCS, Bumi Pala, Dezender, Spectrum di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Subjek penelitian ini adalah atlet yang pernah mengikuti kejuaraan renang tingkat Nasional di klub renang Tirta Serayu Banjarnegara, TCS Semarang, Bumi Pala Temanggung, Dezender Purbalingga dan Spectrum Semarang, pelatih dan orangtua atlet yang berjumlah 15 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data menggu...

  15. Struktur vertikal upwelling – downwelling di Samudera Hindia Selatan Jawa hingga Selatan Bali berdasarkan salinitas musiman periode 2004 – 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Restu Wardani; Widodo S. Pranowo; Elis Indrayanti

    2013-01-01

    Salinitas berperan penting untuk mengidentifikasi fenomena upwelling dan downwelling. Upwelling yang terjadi di samudera Hindia Selatan Jawa hingga Selatan Bali dipengaruhi oleh angin musim, ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) dan IOD (Indian Oscillation Dipole Mode). Dalam peneletian ini dikaji pola upwelling dan downwelling berdasarkan distribusi salinitas secara vertikal dan vaeriabilitas musiman dikaji dalam waktu tujuh tahun (2004 – 2010). Data hasil akuisisi argo float digunakan dalam p...

  16. Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Pupuk (Studi pada UD.Siganupari di Dusun III Tanjung Pasir Kecamatan Tanah Jawa, Kabupaten Simalungun)

    OpenAIRE

    Gurning, Afrina Margaretha

    2014-01-01

    Fertilizer business is a very promising business if the business location support. The fertilizer business into a business interest in the land area of Tanah awa, because the area/ region is still dominated by agricultural land. In business, an entrepreneur must consider the strengths and weaknesses, and the opportunities and threats that exist. It aims to find the right business development strategies for UD. Siganupari in Tanjung Pasir Dusun III Subdistrict Tanah Jawa District Simalungun. ...

  17. The progress on governing REDD+ in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mas Achmad Santosa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is one of the ten most forest-rich countries in the world. Almost 70 per cent of Indonesia’s mainland is covered with forest. However, Indonesia faces one of the highest rates of forest loss in the world. Deforestation and forest degradation accounts for more than 60 per cent of carbon emissions in Indonesia. Being aware of that fact and the danger of climate change, in October 2009, Indonesia voluntarily committed to reduce emissions by 26 per cent from business as usual by 2020 through national efforts, and by 41 per cent with international support. Indonesia’s commitment has gained international support; chiefly from Norway, which signed a Letter of Intent on 26 May 2010. To formalise the commitment, Presidential Decree No 19/2010 on Task Force for the preparation of REDD+ Agency and Presidential Instruction No 10/2011 on moratorium on new licenses and improvement of natural primary forest and peat land governance have been issued. The Presidential Decree ended on 30 June 2011 and was continued by Presidential Decree No 25/2011, which was later amended by Presidential Decree No 05/2013. The third Presidential Decree will conclude in the middle of 2013. The expected outputs are: establishment of a New REDD+ agency; measurement, reporting and verification instrument; funding instrument; improvement on forest governance, including legislative reform, law enforcement and administrative procedures; and gazetting forest areas and consolidating licenses through legal audit and legal compliance or legal due diligence in the pilot province. The new REDD+ Agency is expected to be established in 2013. The Agency will be an independent central agency, directly responsible to the President of the Republic of Indonesia, and will be responsible for leading and coordinating the national effort to reduce the country’s carbon emission.

  18. FORMALISASI SYARI’AH ISLAM DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Lilik Andaryuni

    2012-01-01

    Spirit to apply syariah Islam in various areas in Indonesia apparently never extinguished, and one of them is in NAD. Application of syariah Islam in Aceh actually parses various criticisms and arguments; in fact the case that the application of syariah Islam in NAD is a gift from the central government, because of there is a concern from central of NAD will separate from NKRI. Formalization (canonization) of Islam law is a way to safely the law of Islam. Therefore, the law of Islam that has ...

  19. Pengetahuan Tentang Tumbuhan Masyarakat Tengger di Bromo Tengger Semeru Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jati Batoro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan sistem pengetahuan botani tradisional masyarakat Tengger di Bromo Tengger Semeru Jawa Timur, meliputi pemanfaatan tumbuhan untuk pemenuhan berbagai kebutuhan hidup mereka. Mereka mengandalkan pertanian dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pangan, tempat tinggal,kayu bakar, obat-obatan, barang dagangan dan keperluan ritualnya. Penelitian dilakukan di sebelas lokasi yaitu di desa Ngadas, Gubuklakah kecamatan Poncokusumo kabupaten Malang, desa Wonokitri, Mororejo kecamatan Tosari, desa Ngadirejo kecamatan Tutur, desa Keduwung kecamatan Puspo kabupaten Pasuruan, desa Ngadisari dan Ngadas kecamatan Sukapura,  kabupaten Probolinggo dan desa Ranupani, desa Argosari kecamatan Senduro  kabupaten Lumajang Propinsi Jawa Timur. Metoda penelitian dilakukan wawancara terstruktur dan wawancara bebas untuk pengamatan langsung kemudian dianalisis dengan ICS (index cultural significance dan UVS (nilai guna jenis tumbuhan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat Tengger dalam kehidupannya mengandalkan sumber alam tumbuhan untuk berbagai keperluan dan memiliki pengetahuan cukup baik tentang keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan di sekitar mereka. Berbagai pemanfaatan jenis tumbuhan digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari adalah untuk bahan pangan (67 jenis, obat-obatan dan racun (120 jenis, bahan bangunan, tali-temali, bahan kayu bakar, teknologi lokal (52 jenis, konservasi dan liar (144 species, bumbu, pewarna, rokok, kecantikan (40 jenis, buah dan biji (50 jenis pakan ternak (44 jenis, hias (138 jenis dan bahan ritual (91 jenis, Selanjutnya hasil perhitungan indeks kepentingan budaya  menunjukan 1 jenis memiliki nilai tinggi  yaitu padi dan 10 jenis memiliki nilai manfaat jenis tinggi dan UVs terdiri 2 jenis memiliki nilai paling tinggi. Kata kunci: Pengetahuan tumbuhan, masyarakat Tengger, Bromo Tengger Semeru (TNBTS.

  20. Syingir: Transformasi Puisi Arab ke dalam Puisi Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hindun

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Syingir is a advice poem that uses the daily Javanese Language and sung individually or together. Syingir developed in pesantren [lslamic boarding school] or in Islamic region, in Central Java and East Java. The creators are kyai or da'i. This poem created to spread the teachings of Islam including akidah, syariah, and muamalah by means of an easy to remember so it was easy to be understood. In terms of firm, syingir closer to the pattern of traditional Arabic poem, syi'ir known as the pattern of al-Khalil. Usage that pattern was caused by penyingir are kiais that had been familiar with ilmul arudl wal-'-qafiyah, the science of rhythm and rhyme in Arabic poetry. While in the term of content, syingir as a religious message is the transformation of the contents of the Arabic poetry which is at-ta'lim (education.

  1. ANATOMI DAUN PIPERACEAE DARI KAWASAN GUNUNG SLAMET, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Fatmawati Tihurua

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Leaf anatomy of Piperaceae from Gunung Slamet, Central Java has made with standard  paraffin and paradermal method. The results showed that Piperaceae has dorsiventral leaf, hypostomatatic or amphistomatatic, tetracytic and cyclocytic stomata type. Hypoderm tissue exist in upper and/or lower part of leaf, mesophyll was arranged by 1-2 layers of palisade and 2-7 layers of sponge tissue. There were 3 types of trichome i.e. glandular trichome which had globose cell with short stalk, bicellular glandular trichome and multicellular & uniseriate non-glandular trichome. The shape of the crystal of Piperaceae from gunung Slamet are sand, needle, drusse or prismatic which distributed in hypodermis, mesophyll and midrib. Piperaceae petiole was arranged by open or sometimes closed circle vascular bundles. These open vascular bundles were crescent shape or resemble to U and V shapes. 

  2. PENGARUH IKATAN HUBUNGAN, CITRA PERUSAHAAN, NILAI PELANGGAN, KUALITAS DAN KEPUASAN NASABAH TERHADAP LOYALITAS NASABAH BANK PEMERINTAH DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naili Farida

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The study discusses about the integration of relational bonding, relational quality, customer satisfaction, and customer loyalty at the state-owned bank in Central Java. The locations of research include Semarang City, Surakarta City, and Cilacap City. Research method uses multi stage sampling. The sample of research counts to 278 customers of Regular Saving from Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI, Bank Mandiri, Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Bank Tabungan Negara, and Bank Pembangunan Jateng. The hypothesis test in this research employs descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. The descriptive analysis has loading factor and 5 % significance rate. The objective of research will be to understand and to analyze the relational bonding between the Bank customers through corporate image, customer value, and relational quality as well as customer satisfaction on customer loyalty. The state-owned banks in Central Java already use this model. Result of research in relative with the result of SEM analysis indicates that the relevancy of relational bonding, corporate image, customer value, and customer satisfaction has significant effect on customer loyalty. Therefore, this model should be developed by the state-owned banks to increase the customer loyalty. Keywords: Relational bonding, Corporate image, Customer value, Relational quality, Service quality, Customer loyalty

  3. Indonesia : Accounting and Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This report is part of a joint initiative of the World Bank and IMF to prepare Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). The ROSC Accounting and Auditing review for Indonesia mainly focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of the accounting and auditing environment that influences the quality of corporate financial reporting. It involves both a review of mandatory requirement...

  4. ANALISIS EKSPOR KOPI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRI - WIDAYANTI

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   This study aimed at analyzing, firstly, the factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia; secondly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee supply; and thirdly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee demand. This research used secondary data, time series data of 1975–1997 which were collected from many resources, i.e. Statistical Center Bureau (BPS, Trade Department, Indonesian Coffee Exporter Association, Forestry and Commercial Agricultural Enterprise Department, and the Indonesian Bank. The factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia as well as the domestic coffee demand and supply were analyzed by simultaneous equation model in the form of double logarithm using the two stage least square method (2SLS. The research results show that the factors influencing the export quantity of coffee were the coffee FOB price, the coffee price in domestic markets, the exchange rate and the coffee supply of the previous year. The coffee export price had negative correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia with export supply elasticity toward the export price of 2.04. In other words, the increase of coffee export price was followed by the decrease of coffee export quantity. This condition was due to the low quality of the coffee export of Indonesia. The coffee price at domestic markets has positive correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia. Export was still conducted when the coffee price at domestic markets increased because the demand for domestic coffee was still very low. Other factors positively influencing the coffee export quantity were the exchange rate of rupiah and the coffee supply of the previous year. The factors influencing the domestic coffee supply were the domestic coffee price, technology level and the coffee supply of the previous year. The domestic coffee price positively related to the coffee supply at domestic markets with a supply elasticity of 0.04. This means that the

  5. My Classroom: Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balazs, Erica

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the teaching experiences of Alief Noor Farida--a junior lecturer at Indonesia's "Universitas Negeri Semarang" (Semarang State University [UNNES]). Now teaching her fourth semester and an alumna of the English Education program at UNNES, Ms. Farida is an especially motivated and dedicated educator. She teaches 18…

  6. Cyclosporiasis Outbreak, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Blans, Marjolijn C.A.; Ridwan, Ben U.; Verweij, Jaco J.; Rozenberg-Arska, Maja; Verhoef, Jan

    2005-01-01

    We describe an outbreak of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection among Dutch participants at a scientific meeting in September 2001 in Bogor, Indonesia. Fifty percent of the investigated participants were positive for C. cayetanensis. To our knowledge, this outbreak is the first caused by C. cayetanensis among susceptible persons in a disease-endemic area.

  7. Measuring Change in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Kathleen Beegle; Elizabeth Frankenberg; Duncan Thomas

    1999-01-01

    After almost three decades of sustained economic growth, Indonesia is currently in the midst of a major economic and financial crisis. This paper seeks to contribute new evidence on three questions: who has been affected most by the crisis, how they have been affected and how they have responded to the crisis.

  8. Prehospital care in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Pitt, E.; Pusponegoro, A

    2005-01-01

    Current system: Hospitals of varying standards are widespread but have no system of emergency ambulance or patient retrieval. Indonesia's only public emergency ambulance service, 118, is based in five of the biggest cities and is leading the way in paramedic training and prehospital care.

  9. Indonesia's Decentralization After Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Jun; Hofman, Bert

    2000-01-01

    In 1999, the Indonesian Parliament adopted two laws requiring that drastic decentralization measures be implemented in fiscal 2001 in a "big bang" fashion. Several lessons can be drawn from Indonesia's experience. 1) Ideally, decentralization should be managed so that the devolution of fiscal resources occurs in line with the devolution of spending. In reality, politics determines the devo...

  10. Stratigrafi gunung api daerah Bandung Selatan, Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol1no2.20064The aim of this volcano stratigraphic study is to understand the historic relationship of each volcanoes in the South Bandung area. Methods used in this study are landsat analyses, fi eldwork, petrographic studies, and radiometric dating. Physiographically, South Bandung is composed of mountaineous area, hilly area, and high plain of Pangalengan and Bandung itself. Based on volcanic stratigraphy, volcanic rocks there are divided into eleven rock units, nine of them are identifi ed their volcanic sources, having Pliocene to Quaternary ages. The presence of subsurface Miocene volcanic rocks supports the super imposed volcanisms from Tertiary to Quaternary in this area. Mineral resources of sulphide metals are found in the central facies of Soreang, Kuda, and Dogdog volcanoes. Whereas, geologic hazards covering tectonic earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides also threaten this area. Mineral explorations and hazard mitigations are necessary to the presence of mineral resources and geologic hazard potential.  

  11. Transformasi dan Integrasi dalam Kesusastraan Nusantara: Perbandingan Teks Amir Hamzah Melayu dan Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun Zachrun Istanti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The Persian Amir Hamzah text has been transformated either directly or indirectly into Arabic, Hindustani, Bengali, Turkish, and Malay. The Malays Amir Hamzah text is connector the Amir Hamzah text contained in the regional languages in Indonesia since the Malays language is the spreader of religion of Islam in Indonesia. In Indonesia, the Amir Hamzah text spread and became popular along with the spread of Islam. The Amir Hamzah text used to convey the Islamic teaching in its creation occurs through the distortion (i.e., modification, manipulation, and adjustment with the teaching will be delivered. Various distortions are done, either for its Malay, or Javanese.

  12. PENGARUH BUDAYA ORGANISASI TERHADAP MOTIVASI DAN KEPUASAN KERJA SERTA KINERJA KARYAWAN PADA SUB SEKTOR INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN KAYU SKALA MENENGAH DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Teman Koesmono

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this researched is to find out how big is the effect of organization culture to ward motivation, job satisfaction and employee's job performance, especially on the employee's in the production area. The analytical unit is the employee's in production area sub sector in wood industry in East Java. The more positive someone's behavior will definitely effect her/his performance, this is proven when the researcher tested the hypothesis that motivation effects the job satisfaction and job satisfaction effects the performance. The result of the direct effect on employee's motivation toward job satisfaction is 1.462,and toward performance is 0.387, the direct effet job satisfaction toward job performance is 0.003, the direct effect organization culture toward job performance is 0.506, the direct effect organization culture toward motivation is 0.680, the direct effect organization culture toward job satisfaction is 1.183. Beside, this research result is useful for the next researchers, as research material in organitional behavior science or the same kind of science. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk memenemukan bagaimana besarnya pengaruh Budaya Organisasi terhadap Motivasi, Kepuasan Kerja dan Kinerja karyawan khususnya karyawan dibagian produksi. Unit analisisnya adalah karyawan produksi pada subsektor industri pengolahan kayu di Jawa Timur. Secara positif perilaku seseorang akan berpengaruh terhadap kinerjanya, disamping itu peneliti menguji hipotesis bahwa motivasi berpengaruh kepada kepuasan kerja dan kepuasan kerja berpengaruh terhadap kinerja. Hasilnya bahwa secara langsung motivasi berpengaruh terhadap kepuasan kerja sebesar 1.462 dan motivasi berpengaruh terhadap kinerja sebesar 0.387, kepuasan kerja berpengaruh terhadap kinerja sebesar 0,003 dan budaya organisasi berpengaruh terhadap kinerja sebesar 0.506, budaya organisasi berpengaruh terhadap motivasi sebesar 0.680 dan budaya organisasi

  13. Cooperation Between Indonesia and ASEAN to Counter Terrorism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This paper will discuss cooperation between Indonesia and ASEAN to combat terrorism, although we cannot desperate Indonesia as ASEAN member, hence this section describes ASEAN and Indonesia as a whole. The Indonesian government's strategy as one of ASEAN member of implementing securitizing policy by increasing the cooperation between them in internal security particularly to fight against terrorism was potentially motivated by several contextual factors. Current paper builds u...

  14. KONTEKSTUALISASI (PENDIDIKAN ANTROPOLOGI INDONESIA

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    P M Laksono

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dunia pendidikan Indonesia saat ini berada dalam kondisi yang ambivalen. Pendidikan yang seharusnya dapat secara positif membekali manusia dengan modal pengetahuan praktis maupun substantif yang berguna justru mempunyai potensi yang sebaliknya, yaitu menjadi kendala bagi pembangunan berkelanjutan karena tuntutan-tuntutan praktis, khusus, dan sesaat yang dikehendaki oleh kepentingan-kepentingan ekonomi, politik, dan sosial yang selalu berubah. Fakta tersebut menjadi latar belakang penulisan artikel ini yang bertujuan mengajukan sebuah wacana tentang kontekstualisasi pendidikan Antropologi di Indonesia agar pendidikan dapat berfungsi sebagaimana idealnya. Setelah melakukan pengamatan terhadap fakta yang ada dengan menggunakan analisis berbasis teori-teori Antropologi dan ilmu sosial, diperoleh beberapa kesimpulan, diantaranya, kontekstualisasi pendidikan Antropologi Indonesia harus diupayakan untuk mengisi nasionalisme Indonesia dengan jiwa baru untuk menghadapi krisis akulturasi akibat sistem komunikasi global. Dalam pendidikan antropologi, para peserta didik secara total mestinya diberi kesempatan mengembangkan daya apresiasi, empati/afektif dan kognitifnya sesuai dengan pengalaman hidupnya untuk berwacana dengan subyek yang dipelajarinya. Untuk mewujudkan hal itu salah satu pendekatan yang sesuai adalah pendekatan reflektif partisipatoris agar dapat menjangkau ranah kognitif dan simbolik suatu identitas sosial budaya yang sedang berubah, sehingga akan sampai pada hasil yang lebih bersifat pengetahuan reflektif dan apresiatif, yaitu pada penemuan eksistensi manusia itu sendiri. Education in Indonesia is currently in an ambivalent state. Education should positively equip people with practical and substantive knowledge capital that has the potential to be useful, instead of becoming an obstacle to sustainable development because of the practical, specific, and momentary demand of the ever-changing economic, political, and social interests. The

  15. ICT and education in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Yuhetty, Harina

    2002-01-01

    This article describes about the development of Information, Communication and Technology in Indonesia and its use in Education in Indonesia. Indonesia as a third world country has a difficulties to seek, to receive, to process and to produce information. The lack of appropriate information at the right time will result in low productivity, low quality research works, and waste of time to pursue information and even to do research which actually had been done by others or in other countries. ...

  16. Migration pressure, tenure security and agricultural intensification : Evidence from Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Grimm (Michael); S. Klasen (Stephan)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractWe explore the role played by migration induced population pressure for the endogenous adoption of formal land titles and subsequent investments in land in Central Sulawesi (Indonesia). Using original village and household-level data we provide evidence that migration pressure increa

  17. Indonesia's migration transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugo, G

    1995-01-01

    This article describes population movements in Indonesia in the context of rapid and marked social and economic change. Foreign investment in Indonesia is increasing, and global mass media is available to many households. Agriculture is being commercialized, and structural shifts are occurring in the economy. Educational levels are increasing, and women's role and status are shifting. Population migration has increased over the decades, both short and long distance, permanent and temporary, legal and illegal, and migration to and between urban areas. This article focuses specifically on rural-to-urban migration and international migration. Population settlements are dense in the agriculturally rich inner areas of Java, Bali, and Madura. Although the rate of growth of the gross domestic product was 6.8% annually during 1969-94, the World Bank ranked Indonesia as a low-income economy in 1992 because of the large population size. Income per capita is US $670. Indonesia is becoming a large exporter of labor to the Middle East, particularly women. The predominance of women as overseas contract workers is changing women's role and status in the family and is controversial due to the cases of mistreatment. Malaysia's high economic growth rate of over 8% per year means an additional 1.3 million foreign workers and technicians are needed. During the 1980s urban growth increased at a very rapid rate. Urban growth tended to occur along corridors and major transportation routes around urban areas. It is posited that most of the urban growth is due to rural-to-urban migration. Data limitations prevent an exact determination of the extent of rural-to-urban migration. More women are estimated to be involved in movements to cities during the 1980s compared to the 1970s. Recruiters and middlemen have played an important role in rural-to-urban migration and international migration. PMID:12347370

  18. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatizatio...

  19. Indonesia, Sumatra, Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    This view shows the area around Northeastern Sumatra, Indonesia (1.0N, 104.0E). The city of Singapore and the Singapore Strait is in the center at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. The Singapore Strait is the eastern extension of the Strait of Malacca and separates the Malay Peninsula from Sumatra. Large sediment plumes from the rivers attest to the local soil erosion and industrial dumping ofd wastes.

  20. Smoking problem in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Tjandra Y Aditama

    2002-01-01

    Smoking is an important public health probLem in Indonesia. Up to 60% of male adult population as well as about 4% of female adult population are smokers. In fact, some of Indonesian kretek cigarettes have quite high tar and nicotine content. Besides health effect, smoking habit also influence economic status of the individuals as well as the family. In health point of view, even though reliable nation wide morbidity and mortality data are scarce, report from various cities showed smoking rel...

  1. Urban Inequality in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Takahiro Akita; Alit Pirmansah

    2011-01-01

    According to an inequality decomposition analysis by urban and rural sectors in Indonesia, urban inequality's contribution to overall inequality in per capita household expenditure has been increasing steadily with widening urban inequality and urbanization proceeding following globalization and financial/trade liberalization. According to the Theil T index, the contribution rose from 54% to 63% during the 1996-2002 period. Urban inequality is expected to play a more important role in overall...

  2. Indonesia's Clean Air Program

    OpenAIRE

    Budy P. Resosudarmo

    2002-01-01

    Unprecedented industrial development in Indonesia during the last two decades, accompanied by a growing population, has increased the amount of environmental damage. One of the most important environmental problems is that the level of air pollution in several large cities has become alarming, particularly in the last few years. This high pollution level has stimulated the government to develop a national clean air program designed to control the quantity of pollutants in the air. However, th...

  3. Indonesia's new muslim intellectuals

    OpenAIRE

    Kersten, Carool

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a growing appreciation among scholars with an interest in contemporary Muslim thought for the contributions by Indonesia's new Muslim intellectuals. The realisation that Indonesians are in the vanguard of a significant rethinking of the place of religion in the present-day Islamic world is helped by the progress in the research on Southeast Asian Islam and resultant corrections of the received knowledge of its place in the context of the wider Muslim world. Whi...

  4. Unlocking Indonesia's Geothermal Potential

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank (ADB)

    2015-01-01

    This report was produced jointly by the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank and is based on a series of technical assistance activities conducted during 2013-2014. The study documents key issues that have constrained the development of Indonesia's geothermal power development sector, including tari?s, tendering processes, financial considerations, permitting, and inter-agency coordination. The report then makes a set of comprehensive recommendations to unlock the potential of the sector...

  5. Community radio in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Hollander, Ed; Hidayat, Dedy Nur; Haenens, Leen

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the ways in which efforts aimed at democratising the media system and empowering communities in Indonesia in three discursive periods (the 1998 "Revolution Movement", the "Reform Era" follow-up, and the 2002 Broadcasting Act up till the present time) have ebbed and flowed. The main result of the changing winds so far has been the liberalisation of the market, in line with global media trends. The Government has tried to frustrate the prospects of community media. Hence, t...

  6. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2015-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper looks at links between Indonesia’s commodities sector and recent corporate sector and banking system performance. On the production side, oil and natural gas output has fallen since 2010, with existing fields in decline, while production of coal, palm oil, and rubber output has increased steadily. Recent trends in commodity exports have had a significant impact on corporate revenues and profits. For corporations operating in the nonrenewable commodities sector, li...

  7. DESENTRALISASI PENGELUARAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Herni Rochana

    2016-01-01

    Since the implementation of Law 22/1999 and Law 25/1999 of 2001, has been an increase in the implementation of fiscal decentralization with a phenomenon called Big Bang. The study was conducted to determine the degree of decentralization of expenditure covering the period before and after the implementation of regional autonomy. The research data is a panel data drawn from 30 provinces between 1994 to 2007. The results showed that in Indonesia there has been a significant increase in expendit...

  8. Buddhism in Muslim Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Karel Steenbrink

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an overview of various ways in which Buddhists and Muslims have lived together in Indonesia since the arrival of Islam about 1200. It tells how Buddhism has slowly disappeared and become a religion for mainly the Chinese who, until the late 19th century, have often converted to Islam. This article analyzes the role of three key figures in the recent government–supported revival of Buddhism. These figures are the Chinese–Indonesian monk Ashin Jinarakkhita, the Balin...

  9. Indonesia; Managing Decentralization

    OpenAIRE

    Ehtisham Ahmad; Ali M. Mansoor

    2002-01-01

    The process of decentralization in Indonesia was initiated after a long period of autocratic rule. Despite the political imperatives, there is a need to carefully sequence the fiscal decentralization to ensure that financing follows the assignment of functions. The functions should be commensurate with the capacity to provide public services. The paper argues for the proper sequencing to avoid jeopardizing macroeconomic stability or the effective delivery of public services.

  10. Kembalinya Konservatisme Islam Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Din Wahid

    2014-01-01

    Martin van Bruinessen, ed, Contemporary Development in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the “Conservative Turn”, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2013, pp. 240 + xxxiv.Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam: Explaining the ‘Conservative Turn’ consists of four articles analyzing conservative currents among Muslims in Indonesia. The  book’s first two articles deal with established Muslim organizations, namely the Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama (MUI) and Muhammadiyah, while the ...

  11. KONTEKSTUALISASI (PENDIDIKAN) ANTROPOLOGI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    P M Laksono

    2013-01-01

    Dunia pendidikan Indonesia saat ini berada dalam kondisi yang ambivalen. Pendidikan yang seharusnya dapat secara positif membekali manusia dengan modal pengetahuan praktis maupun substantif yang berguna justru mempunyai potensi yang sebaliknya, yaitu menjadi kendala bagi pembangunan berkelanjutan karena tuntutan-tuntutan praktis, khusus, dan sesaat yang dikehendaki oleh kepentingan-kepentingan ekonomi, politik, dan sosial yang selalu berubah. Fakta tersebut menjadi latar belakang penulisan ar...

  12. INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Bhakti Setiawan; Abdul Hakim

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak: Indeks Pembangunan Manusia Indonesia. Paper ini memodelkan perilaku Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM). Variabel-variabel independen yang dipertimbangkan adalah Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB), Pajak Pendapatan (PPN), variabel dummy desentralisasi pemerintahan, variabel dummy krisis tahun 1997, dan variabel dummy krisis tahun 2008. Dengan menggunakan Error Correction Model (ECM), paper ini menemukan bahwa PDB dan PPN berpengaruh terhadap IPM dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek. Estim...

  13. ANALISIS EKSPOR KOPI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    SRI - WIDAYANTI; S. M. Kiptiyah - -; M. Iksan - Semaoen

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT   This study aimed at analyzing, firstly, the factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia; secondly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee supply; and thirdly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee demand. This research used secondary data, time series data of 1975–1997 which were collected from many resources, i.e. Statistical Center Bureau (BPS), Trade Department, Indonesian Coffee Exporter Association, Forestry and Commercial Agricultural Enterprise Department, ...

  14. Reforming Indonesia's pension system

    OpenAIRE

    Leechor, Chad

    1996-01-01

    Indonesia's nascent capital markets stand to benefit significantly from a thriving pension industry. Now is the time to reform the pensions system, while it has a vibrant economy, rapidly rising income, and a young and growing workforce. The author suggests three main reforms. First, to reconsider the role of mandatory defined contribution (Jamsostek) plan. Second, to make employer sponsored pensions more attractive and affordable by: simplifying and expediting registration and approval proce...

  15. Democracy in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kusmayati, Anne

    1994-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited There is a wide-spread adherence to democracy as a form of government. Since the development of the concept, many countries have defined and practiced democracy after necessary modifications based on respective national interests and political culture. So did Indonesia after it gained independence from the Dutch colony. Soekamo was the first president of the country. He developed and practiced parliamentary democracy and later 'guided ...

  16. Pendanaan Pendidikan Di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Syakdiah Syakdiah

    2015-01-01

    Education is universal basic human need. The Indonesian state founder also realize that matter Hence "educating the nation" representing one of the target of state founding. In the constitution it is aim mentioned that each citizen entitled to get the education. But in Indonesia development history , education sector always pulled over and get less attention. This is can be seen from the proportion of education sector in APBN ID. The implementation of education decentralization on the chan...

  17. Shakespeare Comes to Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Skupin Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the circumstances of Shakespeare’s arrival in Indonesia via the translations of Trisno Sumardjo, published in the early 1950’s. Biographical material about the translator will be presented, and there will be a discussion of the characteristics the Indonesian language and of Indonesian verse which would determine the expectations of his readers, such as rhyme, meter and style, that would influence his renderings of the poetic passages in the Bard’s plays. These are illustr...

  18. MEMAJUKAN KEBUDAYAAN NASIONAL INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Amri Marzali

    2014-01-01

    In this article a definition of culture is proposed in relation with the program of “the development of the Indonesian Culture.” This program, which is stated in the Indonesian Constitution, article No. 32, is the responsibility of the government of the Republic Indonesia to implement. The proposed definition is a result of an explorative study on the definitions of culture used in four important sources. The sources are anthropology, various disciplines of science beyond anthropology, articl...

  19. Analisis Keanekaragaman Genetika dan Diferensiasi Jati Jawa dan Madura Berdasarkan Marka Mikrosatelit Untuk Mendukung Fingerprinting Jati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mun Isyatul Millah

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Fingerprinting jati diperlukan untuk melengkapi data base konservasi plasma nutfah jati. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi keanekaragaman genetika pohon jati berdasarkan marka mikrosatelit dan mengidentifikasi alel spesifik pada lokus tertentu yang dapat menjadi penciri khas jati populasi Jawa dan Madura. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan identifikasi karakteristik jati plus (fingerprinting secara molekuler menggunakan penanda mikrosatelit. Sampel diambil dari koleksi jati plus di Kebun Benih Klonal (KBK di Jawa dan dari lokal Areal Produksi Benih (APB Madura. Sampel diisolasi menggunakan metode CTAB. Amplifikasi DNA menggunakan 3 primer mikrosatelit dan hasilnya divisualisasi pada gel poliakrilamid dengan pewarnaan silver. Hubungan kekerabatan dianalisis melalui program NTSYSpc (Numerical Taxonomy and Multivariate Analysis Sistem versi 2.01. Hasil analisis menunjukkan tingkat keanekaragaman jati yang tinggi, didukung oleh nilai Observed Heterozigosity (Ho, Expected Heterozygosity (He, Polimorfism Information Content (PIC dan koefisien diferensiasi genetika berturut-turut 0.5122; 0.6221; 0.5818; dan 0.0629. Hubungan kekerabatan melalui analisis dendogram menghasilkan koefisien kemiripan 0.3-1.00. Nilai keanekaragaman dalam populasi (HS, antar populasi (DST, dan nilai diferensiasi (G berturut-turut adalah 0.5817, 0.0391, dan 0.0629. Dari hasil analisis disimpulkan bahwa tingkat keanekaragaman jati di Jawa dan Madura termasuk tinggi dan ada indikasi perbedaan genetika di dalam populasi lebih tinggi dibanding antar populasi.Fingerprinting teak is required to complete the data base teak germplasm conservation. This research aimed to obtain information about the genetic diversity of teak based on microsatellite markers and identify specific allele at a particular locus can be distinctive identity identifier population of Java and Madura. In this research is to identify the characteristics of teak plus (fingerprinting molecularly using

  20. Nuclear programme in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Implementation of the energy policy covers several aspects such as issuance of regulations, standards, energy pricing incentives and disincentives, and the application of appropriate technologies. The policies and implementation of the technologies can fully be supported by the use of nuclear technology, especially toward the now popular issue concerning the environment. In view of these policies and the need to implement these policies. i.e. for the diversification of energy and environmental concern, the Department of Mines and Energy has established an Indonesian Energy Coordination Board (BAKOREN). This board has realised the importance of considering nuclear as a source of energy, which has led to a decision in September 1989, for The National Atomic Energy Agency (BATAN) to conduct a feasibility study to introduce nuclear power plants in Indonesia. The establishment of an authority for the construction and operation of Nuclear Power Plants in Indonesia, which is primarily related to the safe and efficient operation of nuclear power plants, must also be prepared. This authority is still under considerations by the Indonesian Government. In implementing the Indonesia Nuclear Programme, it is important that cooperation exists among countries of the world, Korea, in this respect, as learning from experiences of other countries are very necessary to plan for a successful Nuclear Programme

  1. A Hidden Language – Dutch in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, Hendrik M

    2005-01-01

    This paper discusses the impact of Indonesian language politics on the formation and consolidation of Indonesian national identity. Maier’s central argument is that Indonesia’s claim to have completely eradicated colonist language from that of the independent state is a myth. He contends rather, that the revolutionary fervor that drove the creation of a new language and national culture in Indonesia also contributed to the repression of the ongoing presence of Dutch in both its language a...

  2. Analisis stratigrafi awal kegiatan Gunung Api Gajahdangak di daerah Bulu, Sukoharjo; Implikasinya terhadap stratigrafi batuan gunung api di Pegunungan Selatan, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hill Gendoet Hartono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no3.20091Generally, Tertiary volcanisms in the Southern Mountains, Central Jawa were started with the formation of pillow lavas having basalt to basaltic andesite in composition. This initial stage volcanism developed into a  construction period of composite volcanoes that consist of alternating basaltic to andesitic lava flows, breccias, and tuffs. The construction period could be followed by a destructive phase, producing pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs of high silica andesite to dacite, or even rhyolite in composition. A stratigraphic measuring section at Bulu area, Sukoharjo Regency, presents an alternat- ing fine-grained andesitic volcaniclastic material and some limestones, with the total thickness is 143.33 m. The thickness of bedded volcaniclastic material tends to be thickening upward from 35 m until 90 m. The grain size of the volcaniclastic material also tends to be coarsening upward from clay size through silt and fine sand to coarse sand and granules. Paleontological analysis on fossils contained in the lime- stone gives an age of Early Miocene (N7 - N9. The volcaniclastic rocks is conformably overlain by the Mandalika Formation, comprising alternating andesitic breccias, lavas, and tuffs. These data imply that the fine-grained volcaniclastic material is an initial product of the construction period of Gajahdangak Volcano in the area, that formed the Mandalika Formation. This Formation is overlain by the Semilir Formation, composed of pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias and tuffs with dacitic composition. This as- sociated volcanic rock reflects a product of a caldera explosion or a destructive phase. Based on the characteristics of lithology of volcanic products from the initial stage, to a construction and destruction period, and compiled age data, the Southern Mountains represent formal volcanic rock units that are able to be divided into many formations.  

  3. Exploring Indonesia: Past and Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schelander, Bjorn

    This book provides an overview of Indonesia's history and culture. The book begins with prehistoric times and continues through nationhood. Each chapter provides background information along with student activities and project suggestions. Chapters include: (1) "Introduction to the Lands and Peoples of Indonesia"; (2) "Early Indonesian Societies";…

  4. Indonesia : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2001-01-01

    This Country Financial Accountability Assessment (CFAA) report, supports the Government of Indonesia's efforts to reform the process of managing public resources, increase transparency in handling financial affairs, and combat corruption. The report assesses that the control environment in Indonesia is weak, despite a political leadership committed to improvement, and, recommends enacting ...

  5. CDM Country Guide for Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on Indonesia

  6. Islamisasi Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azyumardi Azra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Bookreview: M.C. Ricklefs, Islamisation and Its Opponents in Java: A Political, Social, and Religious History, c. 1930 to the Present (Singapore: NUS Press, 2012, xxi+575 halamanThis work of Ricklefs is the last in a trilogy and follows Mystic Synthesis in Java: A History of Islamisation from the Fourteenth to the Early Nineteenth Centuries (2006, and Polarising Javanese Society: Islamic and Other Visions c. 1830–1930 (2007. The three works comprehensively discuss the Islamization of Java since the 14th century. Observing the process and dynamics of Islamization in Javanese society during the centuries up until the contemporary era, Ricklefs concludes that Javanese Muslims have surpassed the difficult times of the early spread of Islam, the era of Dutch and Japanese colonialism, the messy government of Soekarno, the totalitarian government of Soeharto, and contemporary democratic period. Undergoing various changes, Javanese Muslims have become an outstanding example of increased Islamic religiosity. The three works dispute the assumption of many scholars that a large part of Javanese–Muslim society is abangan, or nominal, Muslim.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i1.352 

  7. PRAKTIK PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DAN KARAKTERISTIK DEMOGRAFI (STUDI KASUS DI PROPINSI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA BARAT DAN NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Menyusui secara eksklusif dapat menjaga kelangsungan hidup dan kesehatan bayi. WHO merekomendasikan pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan. Namun kenyataan di lapangan, hanya sebagian kecil ibu yang memberikan ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan. Tujuan: mempelajari faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif sampai 6 bulan. Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan menggunakan desain penelitian cross-sectional. Responden adalah ibu-ibu yang mempunyai anak yang berumur 6-12 bulan, Pemilihan responden dilakukan secara acak dan seluruhnya berjumlah 1884 responden. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tahun 2006 di 3 Propinsi yakni Jawa Barat, Sumatera Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Timur. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi; karakteristik sosioekonomi, sosiodemografi, pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI, pemberian cairan pralaktal selain ASI, tempat persalinan, pemberian kolostrum. dan penolong persalinan, Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif dan analitik dengan membuat tabel-tabel distribusi frekuensi kemudian diuji menggunakan X2 (khi kuadrat. Hasil. Proporsi praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif di tiga propinsi masih rendah yaitu Jawa barat 19,2%, Sumatera Barat 10,4% dan Nusa Tenggara Timur 8,9%. Setelah dianalisis diperoleh beberapa faktor penentu yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif yaitu; ibu tinggal di wilayah kabupaten, ibu tidak bekerja, pemberian kolostrum dan penolong persalinan oleh bidan dan dukun terlatih. Sebagian besar diatas 80% responden tidak bekerja hanya sebagai ibu rumahtangga. Sebanyak (74,4% sampel di Jawa Barat dan 76,8% sampel di Sumatera Barat penolong persalinan oleh tenaga kesehatan. Sedangkan di Nusa Tenggara Timur lebih dari separoh 65,4% penolong persalinan oleh tenaga kesehatan bersama dukun terlatih. Faktor pemberian kolostrum di Sumatera Barat merupakan faktor penentu yang berhubungan dengan praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif. Kesimpulan. Faktor penentu yang hubungannya bermakna

  8. Emergence of Melioidosis in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tauran, Patricia M; Sennang, Nurhayana; Rusli, Benny; Wiersinga, W Joost; Dance, David; Arif, Mansyur; Limmathurotsakul, Direk

    2015-12-01

    Melioidosis is known to be highly endemic in parts of southeast Asia and northern Australia; however, cases are rarely reported in Indonesia. Here we report three cases of melioidosis in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia occurring between 2013 and 2014. Two patients died and the other was lost to follow-up. Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates from all three cases were identified by the VITEK2 Compact installed in the hospital in 2012. None of the three patients reported received antimicrobials recommended for melioidosis because of the delayed recognition of the organism. We reviewed the literature and found only seven reports of melioidosis in Indonesia. Five were reported before 1960. We suggest that melioidosis is endemic throughout Indonesia but currently under-recognized. Training on how to identify B. pseudomallei accurately and safely in all available microbiological facilities should be provided, and consideration should be given to making melioidosis a notifiable disease in Indonesia. PMID:26458777

  9. EFEKTIVITAS DISTRIBUSI RASKIN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamhari Jamhari

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to investigate effectiveness of rice for the poor program (Raskin in rural and urban Indonesia based on the National Socio Economic Survey data (Susenas collected by Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS in 2007. Number of sample was 52,370 households. Effectiveness of Raskin Program was measured by target, quantity and price accuracy indexes. Logistic regression model was used to identify factors affecting probability of a household to receive raskin or not. The results of analysis show that raskin distribution was not yet accurately reach the target beneficiaries. Raskin distribution was also not accurate in quantity and price. Quantity accuracy index was 58 percent in rural, 53 percent in urban and 57 percent in Indonesia. Price quantity index was 68 percent in rural, 63 percent in urban and 67 percent in Indonesia. Probability of a household to receive raskin was affected by education, gender, age, household member, income, employment, floor condition and location.

  10. DISTRIBUSI SPASIAL LEPTOSPIROSIS DI WILAYAH PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2002-2012

    OpenAIRE

    B. Yuliadi; Wahyuni Wahyuni; Ristiyanto Ristiyanto

    2014-01-01

    Leptospirosis    masih    menjadi    masalah    di    Provinsi    Jawa    Tengah. Studi    ini    bertujuan    mengetahui    pola    distribusisecara    deskriptif    dengan    pendekatan    Sistem    Informasi    Geografis    (SIG).    Analisis    yang    digunakan    adalahanalisis    statistik    deskriptif    untuk    membuat    beberapa    asumsi    pengelompokan    sebaran    leptospirosis    berdasar    identifikasi    wilayah    geografis.    Kasus    leptospirosis    di    Provinsi  ...

  11. PERMUDAAN ALAMI KAWASAN HUTAN RESORT CIDAHU, TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN–SALAK, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Mirmanto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Kajian permudaan alami di kawasan hutan Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun–Salak, Jawa Barat telah dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengungkap pola dan proses ekologi serta suksesi hutan. Sebanyak 27 petak (10 m x 10 m telah dibuat dan pada setiap petak dilakukan pengukuran terhadap anakan pohon (diameter 2–5 cm, yang meliputi diameter setinggi 50 cm di atas tanah, tinggi dan posisi di dalam setiap petak. Setiap jenis yang tercatat dibuat spesimen bukti ekologi, untuk identifikasi jenis. Dalam 27 petak tercatat paling tidak sebanyak 73 jenis anak pohon,yang terdiri atas 51 marga dan 29 suku. Macaranga triloba tercatat sebagai jenis dominan hanya pada 9 petak, sedangkan 4 jenis lainnya kurang dari 5 petak. lni menunjukkan adanya variasi komposisi jenis antar petak yang tinggi, yang berkaitan dengan kondisi habitatnya. Adanya penyebaran jenis tertentu pada habitat tertentu pula, menunjukkan adanya keterkaitan antara keberadaan suatu jenis dengan habitat tertentu. Ketinggian tempat dan penutupan kanopi diduga sangat berpengaruh terhadap terbentuknya tipe komunitas.

  12. PENINGKATAN DISIPLIN BERBAHASA INDONESIA KALANGAN REMAJA

    OpenAIRE

    Nurhayati S, Dr, M.Hum.

    2012-01-01

    Sejak dicetuskannya Sumpah Pemuda tanggal 28 Oktober 1928 dan sejak Indonesia Merdeka Tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, bahasa Indonesia telah menjalankan fungsi sebagai bahasa nasional dan sebagai bahasa negara. Fungsi bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa nasional adalah sebagai lambang identitas bangsa, lambang kebanggaan bangsa, sebagai alat perhubungan, dan sebagai alat pengembangan IPTEKS. Fungsi bahasa Indonesia kedudukannya sebagai bahasa negara adalah sebagai bahasa kenegaraan, sebagai bahasa pen...

  13. Kesiapan Kerja Siswa Lembaga Pendidikan Kejuruan di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Jawa Tengah dan Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tawardjono U.S.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A cluster of 26 Institutes of Vocational Education taken from the total number of 205 in DIY Cental Jawa was employed as an sample in this study to describe the readiness of their students for the job market. It was shown from the analysis of data that the level of readiness of the students for the job market was very high, so was their motivation. The number of sample amount to 525 students. The research instruments consist of questionnaires, tests, observation schedules, and interview schedules.

  14. ANALISIS IT GOVERNANCE DENGAN DOMAIN MEA01 DALAM PELAKSANAAN E-HEALTH MENGGUNAKAN KERANGKA KERJA COBIT 5 PADA DINAS KESEHATAN PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Rusyida Baniya Savira; Wellia Shinta Sari

    2016-01-01

    Teknologi Informasi memiliki peran yang sangat penting untuk mendukung tujuan pencapaian suatu kegiatan dalam organisasi mupun instansi. Apabila pemanfaatan TI sudah berjalan dan mampu berintegrasi dengan baik dengan organisasi, maka TI mampu mendorong terjadinya peningkatan kinerja organisasi. Untuk mendukungnya, dibutuhkan suatu kegiatan monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja suatu organisasi. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah merupakan suatu instansi pemerintahan yang bertindak seb...

  15. ANALISIS IT GOVERNANCE DENGAN DOMAIN MEA01 DALAM PELAKSANAAN E-HEALTH MENGGUNAKAN KERANGKA KERJA COBIT 5 PADA DINAS KESEHATAN PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusyida Baniya Savira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi Informasi memiliki peran yang sangat penting untuk mendukung tujuan pencapaian suatu kegiatan dalam organisasi mupun instansi. Apabila pemanfaatan TI sudah berjalan dan mampu berintegrasi dengan baik dengan organisasi, maka TI mampu mendorong terjadinya peningkatan kinerja organisasi. Untuk mendukungnya, dibutuhkan suatu kegiatan monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja suatu organisasi. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah merupakan suatu instansi pemerintahan yang bertindak sebagai penyelenggara untuk penyediaan layanan kesehatan kepada masyarakat di daerah Jawa Tengah. Permasalahan yang pada Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah adalah dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan pengawasan dan evaluasi masih ditemukan beberapa kekurangan seperti kurang lengkapnya Standart Operational Procedure (SOP mengenai detail proses pengawasan dan penilaian kinerja, proses tata kelola TI yang belum dilakukan secara menyeluruh, serta kurangnya pengawasan dalam peningkatan kebutuhan pemakaian e-health. Dari hasil studi dokumen, wawancara dan kuesioner berdasarkan COBIT 5 dihasilkan level kapabilitas tata kelola proses monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja dan kesesuaian (MEA01 saat ini adalah level 1 yaitu Performed, dengan tingkat pencapaian Largely Achieved sebesar 83,33% atau setara dengan 1,83 yang menunjukkan bahwa proses monitoring kinerja dan kesesuaian yang telah diimplementasikan berhasil mencapai tujuan instansi tetapi masih belum sepenuhnya dikelola dengan baik. Untuk mencapai level kapabilitas 2, dapat dilakukan strategi perbaikan secara bertahap dari proses atribut level 1 sampai 2. Kata kunci: COBIT 5, Analisis Tata Kelola TI, E-health, Proses Monitoring Evaluate and Assess Performance and Conformance (MEA01, Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

  16. Pemanfaatan Biji Asam Jawa (TamarindusIndica sebagai Koagulan Alternatif dalam Proses Menurunkan Kadar COD dan BOD dengan Studi Kasus pada Limbah Cair Industri Tempe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Intan Ramadhani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Biji asam jawa yang selama ini jarang dimanfaatkan perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut untuk pengolahan limbah cair yang lebih ekonomis dan ramah lingkungan.  Kandungan polisakarida dalam biji asam jawa (Tamarindus Indica merupakan koagulan alami yang terbukti cukup efektif dalam peningkatan kualitas air limbah. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh biji asam jawa sebagai koagulan pada limbah cair industri tempe sehingga diperoleh hasil yang optimum. Adapun yang dimaksud dengan hasil optimum yaitu dengan tercapainya penurunan kadar COD, BOD, dan TSS pada limbah cair yang digunakan sesuai dengan baku mutu dan kondisi yang tidak membahayakan lingkungan. Variabel yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah pH, TSS, kadar COD dan BOD dengan membandingkan dari tiap-tiap variasi. Variabel penelitian yang digunakan adalah pemberian dosis biji asam jawa sebagai koagulan dengan variasi (500, 1500, 2500, 3500 mg/l, kecepatan putaran pada proses koagulasi-flokulasi dan lama pengadukan lambat (flokulasi. Pada penelitian ini, terdapat korelasi antara dosis koagulan dan kecepatan pengadukan yang diberikan terhadap efisiensi penurunan kadar BOD, COD dan TSS. Dosis optimum yang diperoleh yaitu 1500 mg/l limbah. Sedangkan hasil optimum diperoleh pada kecepatan koagulasi 180 rpm selama 1 menit dan flokulasi 80 rpm dengan lama waktu pengadukan 45 menit.

  17. KURVA PHILLIPS DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Maichal Maichal

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to analyze the existence of the Philips curve in the Indonesian economy, 2000Q1-2010Q3. The results obtained by using OLS method shows that the expectations augmented Philips curve and the New Keynesian Philips curve models cannot give a clear results of Philips curve existence in the Idonesia economy. Shocks variable such as percentage change of exchange rates and crude oil prices provide a very small effect on the inflation rate in Indonesia. Furthermore, the results obtaine...

  18. Wahhabi influences in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    Summary of paper presented at the Journée d’Etudes du CEIFR (EHESS-CNRS) et MSH sur le Wahhabisme. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales / Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris, 10 June, 2002. The first alleged incursion of Wahhabism into Indonesia occurred in 1804, when three pilgrims returned from Mecca to West Sumatra and initiated a radical and occasionally violent movement of religious and social reform. Dutch observers soon assumed that these pilgrims had been influenced by Wahha...

  19. Energy Security in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Budy P. Resosudarmo; Ariana Alisjahbana; Ditya Agung Nurdianto

    2010-01-01

    The issue of energy security has been a subject of discussions in Indonesia for a long time. However, until the end of the 1990s, it had never been at the centre of the country's policy debates. The sharp depreciation of Rupiah during the 1997/98 Asian financial crisis and increase in the price of crude oil in the early 2000s made it very expensive to control domestic prices of fuel and electricity through subsidies. With approximately 43 percent of the country's energy sources derived from c...

  20. DETERMINAN PERMINTAAN KARET INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Hartana I Putra

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to analyze the factors that determinant the rubber demand by Unites States of America. The analysis method of this research is Partial Adjustment Model. Demand of Indonesia rubber by United States of America at research time line of 1995.1 up to 2007.4, simply only influenced by the price of rubber in international market. As for international price influence of rubber to demand of rubber by United States of America from Indonesian is significant and negativity. Wh...

  1. Indonesia; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2010-01-01

    This paper takes an in-depth look into recent trade patterns to assess the extent of such concerns. It is found that (i) there is no strong evidence of Dutch Disease; (ii) weak performance in some sectors, so far, does not appear to be linked to the commodity boom; and (iii) although further reliance on commodities has increased Indonesia’s vulnerability to export price volatility, the terms of trade have actually been rather stable as import and export prices co-move markedly, mitigating s...

  2. Inventory of Forts in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinandi, N.; Suryaningsih, F.

    2015-08-01

    The great archipelago in Indonesia with its wealthy and various nature, the products and commodities of tropic agriculture and the rich soil, was through the centuries a region of interest for other countries all over the world. For several reasons some of these countries came to Indonesia to establish their existence and tried to monopolize the trading. These countries such as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch and the British built strengthened trade stations which later became forts all over Indonesia to defend their interest. The archipelago of Indonesia possesses a great number of fortification-works as legacies of native rulers and those which were built by European trading companies and later became colonial powers in the 16th to the 19th centuries. These legacies include those specific structures built as a defence system during pre and within the period of World War II. These fortresses are nowadaysvaluable subjects, because they might be considered as shared heritage among these countries and Indonesia. It's important to develop a vision to preserve these particular subjects of heritage, because they are an interesting part of the Indonesian history and its cultural treasures. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has national program to compile a comprehensive documentation of the existing condition of these various types of forts as cultural heritage. The result of the 3 years project was a comprehensive 442 forts database in Indonesia, which will be very valuable to the implementation of legal protection, preservation matters and adaptive re-use in the future.

  3. MEMAJUKAN KEBUDAYAAN NASIONAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amri Marzali

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article a definition of culture is proposed in relation with the program of “the development of the Indonesian Culture.” This program, which is stated in the Indonesian Constitution, article No. 32, is the responsibility of the government of the Republic Indonesia to implement. The proposed definition is a result of an explorative study on the definitions of culture used in four important sources. The sources are anthropology, various disciplines of science beyond anthropology, articles written by Indonesian cultural thinkers and a document published by UNESCO in 1983. Culture, according to the proposed definition is “the capacity or capabilities of the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual features of a social group which function to enhance the human dignity of the group.” By using this definition, it is hoped, the government of the Republic Indonesia will be able to design a public policy on “the development of the Indonesian Culture”, which is both modifiable and measurable.

  4. INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA INDONESIA

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    Muhammad Bhakti Setiawan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Indeks Pembangunan Manusia Indonesia. Paper ini memodelkan perilaku Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM. Variabel-variabel independen yang dipertimbangkan adalah Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB, Pajak Pendapatan (PPN, variabel dummy desentralisasi pemerintahan, variabel dummy krisis tahun 1997, dan variabel dummy krisis tahun 2008. Dengan menggunakan Error Correction Model (ECM, paper ini menemukan bahwa PDB dan PPN berpengaruh terhadap IPM dalam jangka panjang maupun jangka pendek. Estimasi model ECM menemukan bahwa krisis ekonomi tahun 2008 berpengaruh terhadap IPM, sementara krisis tahun 1997 dan desentralisasi pemerintahan tidak berpengaruh terhadap IPM.   Kata kunci:  IPM, desentralisasi pemerintahan, produk domestik bruto, pajak pendapatan, ECM   Abstract: Human Development Index of Indonesia. This paper models the behavior of Human Development Index (HDI. Independent variables included in the model are Gross Domestic Product (GDP, Income Tax (PPN, a dummy variable on government decentralization, a dummy variable on the 1997 economic crisis, and a dummy variable on the 2008 crisis. The paper finds that GDP and PPN significantly influence IPM both in the short run and in the long run. The Error Correction Model (ECM estimation finds that the crises of 2008 influences IPM, while the crises in 1997 and government decentralization do not influence HDI.   Key words: Human Development Index, government decentralization, gross domestic product, income tax, ECM

  5. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Oscario

    2013-01-01

    Tourism is one of the most important sectors supporting the economy of Indonesia. One way to develop the Indonesian tourism is strengthening the image of Indonesia in the world. To strengthen the image, Indonesia has replaced the old brand, Visit Indonesia, and launched a new brand, Wonderful Indonesia. Besides the logo, in order to campaign Wonderful Indonesia, some television commercials have been launched. An advertising, which creates a powerful image, not only has a great power to inf...

  6. EFISIENSI PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

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    Afif Amirillah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find out the factors that can cause the efficiency value difference of Islamic Banking in In-donesia. The data at this research is monetary data of Islamic Banking. It was obtained from Bank of Indonesia. Then, it was divided into input and output variables. The determination of input output variables at this research uses Value Added Approach. Its input output variables consist of Demand Deposits, Saving Deposits, Time Depo-sits, Paid -In Capital, Placement at Bank ofIndonesia, Inter Bank Assets, Mudharabah, Musyara kah, Murabahah, Istishna, Ijarahand Qardh. This research used Data Envelopment Analysis method. This method has a strength that is having the capability to measure inefficiency input output variables, so that, the variable can have the efficiency. This research has resulted Islamic Banking efficiency in Indonesia, but it does not include BPRS. The mean efficiency of Islamic banking in Indonesia is 99,94%. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari faktor –faktor penyebab perbedaan nilai efisiensiperbankan syariah di Indo-nesia yang dibandingkan secara relatif untuk setiap periode. Data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini menggu-nakan data keuangan perbankan syariah yang diperoleh dari Bank Indonesia kemudian dibagi menjadi variabel input dan output. Penentuan variabel input dan output pada penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan Value Added Approach. Variabel input outputnyaterdiri dari : Giro iB, Tabungan iB, Deposito iB, Modal disetor, Pen-empatan padaBank Indonesia, Penempatan pada bank lain, Mudharabah, Musyarakah, Murabahah,Istishna, Ijarah dan Qardh. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode Data Envelopment Analysis yang mempunyai kel-ebihan dalam menghitung efisiensi untuk setiap variabel input outputyang mengalami inefisiensi. Penelitian ini menghasilkan nilai efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indoenesia (tidak termasuk BPRS. Efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indonesia mengalami efisiensi rata-rata sebesar 99,94%.

  7. Coal fires in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitehouse, Alfred E.; Mulyana, Asep A.S. [Office of Surface Mining/Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Coal Fire Project, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Agency for Training and Education, Jl. Gatot Subroto, Kav. 49, Jakarta 12950 (Indonesia)

    2004-07-12

    Indonesia's fire and haze problem is increasingly being ascribed to large-scale forest conversion and land clearing activities making way for pulpwood, rubber and oil palm plantations. Fire is the cheapest tool available to small holders and plantation owners to reduce vegetation cover and prepare and fertilize extremely poor soils. Fires that escaped from agricultural burns have ravaged East Kalimantan forests on the island of Borneo during extreme drought periods in 1982-1983, 1987, 1991, 1994 and 1997-1998. Estimates based on satellite data and ground observations are that more than five million hectares were burned in East Kalimantan during the 1997/1998 dry season. Not only were the economic losses and ecological damage from these surface fires enormous, they ignited coal seams exposed at the ground surface along their outcrops.Coal fires now threaten Indonesia's shrinking ecological resources in Kutai National Park and Sungai Wain Nature Reserve. Sungai Wain has one of the last areas of unburned primary rainforest in the Balikpapan-Samarinda area with an extremely rich biodiversity. Although fires in 1997/1998 damaged nearly 50% of this Reserve and ignited 76 coal fires, it remains the most valuable water catchment area in the region and it has been used as a reintroduction site for the endangered orangutan. The Office of Surface Mining provided Indonesia with the capability to take quick action on coal fires that presented threats to public health and safety, infrastructure or the environment. The US Department of State's Southeast Asia Environmental Protection Initiative through the US Agency for International Development funded the project. Technical assistance and training transferred skills in coal fire management through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource's Training Agency to the regional offices; giving the regions the long-term capability to manage coal fires. Funding was also included to extinguish coal fires as

  8. ARAH PEMBARUAN HUKUM WAKAF INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Miftahul Huda

    2015-01-01

    Abstract:   By studying The Law Number 41 Year 2004 about Waqf, this paper describes the various methods and trends of waqf legal reform in Indonesia. Variety of methods of waqf legal reform in Indonesia using several methods, such as takh╣ī╣ al-qa╨ā, tahyīr, talfīq, and siyāsah shar‘iyyah. The trends of waqf legal reform in Indonesia leads toward a more comprehensive of understanding the law, the development of a more integrative governance of waqf, and an increase of capacity building of st...

  9. A bridge too far; the strive to establish a financial service regulatory authority (OJK) in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Pradiptyo, Rimawan; Rokhim, Rofikoh; Sahadewo, Gumilang Aryo; Ulpah, Maria; Sasmitasiwi, Banoon; Faradynawati, IAA

    2011-01-01

    The Government of Indonesia (GOI) has been proposing a draft act on financial service regulatory authority, called Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK hereafter). In the aftermath of 1998 Asian crisis, the establishment of the institution was mandated through Bank Indonesia Act (Indonesia’s central bank bill) in 1999, which was later updated in 2004. According to the draft act, the OJK has been designed using an integrated approach, which is similar to the arrangement of FSA in the UK. This paper aim...

  10. Has Decentralization in Indonesia Led to Elite Capture or Reflection of Majority Preference?

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Shyamal; Yamauchi, Futoshi

    2010-01-01

    Elite capture in the context of decentralization and democratization is a general concern in public good provision in developing countries. In this paper, we have empirically examined this hypothesis using a large rural household survey conducted in Indonesia concerning access of households to road and electricity services. In Indonesia, prior to decentralization, local infrastructure was supplied by a centralized authority that had the potential to provide infrastructures that did not match ...

  11. Health system performance at the district level in Indonesia after decentralization

    OpenAIRE

    Choi Yoonjoung; Heywood Peter

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Assessments over the last two decades have showed an overall low level of performance of the health system in Indonesia with wide variation between districts. The reasons advanced for these low levels of performance include the low level of public funding for health and the lack of discretion for health system managers at the district level. When, in 2001, Indonesia implemented a radical decentralization and significantly increased the central transfer of funds to district...

  12. STRATEGI BERSAING PADA RANTAI NILAI AYAM RAS PEDAGING PT CIOMAS ADISATWA REGION JAWA BARAT UNIT BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hasan Tanjung

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objective of this research were to 1 map the broiler value chain at PT Ciomas Adisatwa Region Jawa Barat Unit Bogor (PTCA; 2 analyze the gross margin of the broiler value chain at PTCA; 3 identify the internal and external factors that affecting PTCA, and 4 formulate strategies to increase the competitiveness of PTCA. This research was conducted using the chain value analysis, the gross margin analysis, SWOT and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP analysis. From value chain mapping, PTCA as a part of Japfa group get feed, DOC, and vaccine from Japfacomfeed, Multibreeder Adirama, and Vaksindo, and then distribute them to the plasma farms. The Commercial Farm output will be distributed by RPA and collectors as living birds. Collectors will then send them to traditional markets while RPA will distribute them to supermarkets, restaurants and traditional markets. The distribution channels grouped into 3 paths, input-PTCA-kolektor-RPA-distributor-consumers, input-PTCA-RPA-distributor-consumers, and input-PTCA-kolektor-distributor-consumers. Gross margin analysis found that PTCA got 5% with the value of 55% share, the collectors got 12% with the value of 10% share, RPA 14% with the value of 17% share and distributor 13% with the value of 17% share. The Farmers got smallest margin and RPA got the biggest margin from value chain at PTCA. According to the AHP calculation, the farm human resources, increasing purchasing power, new technology in the breeding management and the support from group got higher valuation. What can be suggested based on the Result of this research is for the actors that were involved in PTCA value chain to produce, process, run functional task, and upgrade the channel.Keywords: AHP, broiler, gross margin, PT Ciomas Adisatwa, swot analysis, value chainABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah 1 memetakan rantai nilai ayam ras pedaging pada PT Ciomas Adisatwa Region Jawa Barat Satuan Bogor (PTCA, 2 menganalisis gross margin pada

  13. STUDI POTENSI ENERGI GEOTHERMAL BLAWAN- IJEN, JAWA TIMUR BERDASARKAN METODE GRAVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raehanayati Raehanayati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan studi awal untuk menentukan daerah yang memiliki potensi   panasbumi   berdasarkan   pengukuran   gayaberat   di   Blawan-Ijen,   Jawa   Timur. Pengukuran data primer dilakukan dengan menggunakan Gravitimeter LaCoste & Romberg tipe G-1053. Data anomali Bouger dari hasil perhitungan koreksi-koreksi metode gayaberat kemudian dibawa ke bidang datar selanjutnya dilakukan pemisahan anomali regional dan anomali sisa dengan menggunakan metode kontinuasi ke  atas. Hasil interpretasi terhadap anomali sisa yang dilakukan pada tiga penampang adalah penampang A-A’ nilai densitasnya yaitu: ρ1=2.58 gr/cm3, ρ2=2.80 gr/cm3 , ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3, dan ρ4=2.69 gr/cm3, sedangkan untuk penampang B-B’ nilai densitasnya adalah ρ1=2.58 gr/cm3, ρ2=2.82 gr/cm3, ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3, dan untuk penampang C-C’  nilai  densitasnya yaitu  ρ1=2.585 gr/cm3,  ρ2=2.82 gr/cm3,  ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3 dan ρ4=2.684 gr/cm3. Dari hasil pemodelan 2D dan 3D dapat terlihat bahwa pada daerah yang memiliki manifestasi air panas didominasi oleh batuan ρ1 karena memiliki nilai densitas paling rendah yang berada pada daerah Blawan. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa reservoir panasbumi  daerah  Blawan-Ijen  didominasi  oleh  batuan  yang  memiliki  porositas  tinggi (densitas rendah dan tingkat permeabilitasnya tinggi dengan jumlah volume sebesar 101.20 juta m3.

  14. Karakteristik Internal Soal Ebtanas SMU di Porpinsi Jawa Barat (Implementasi Logistik Tiga Parameter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudjani Sudjani

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran tentang karakteristik internal perangkat soal pilihan ganda. Analisis butir soal menggunakan model teori responsi butir (item response theory, 1RT dengan menerapkan model logistik tiga parameter. Perangkat soal yang menjadi objek penelitian adalah soal Fisika program Al pada EBTANAS SMU tahun pelajaran 1995/1996 di Propinsi Jawa Barat. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh lembar jawaban soal Fisika yang berjumlah 21.532 lembar, sedangkan sampel penelitian berjumlah 3900 lembar yang terdiri dari 1.950 lembar diambil dari kelompok sekolah kotamadia (Bandung Selatan dan Cirebon dan 1.950 lembar diambil dari kelompok sekolah kabupaten (Pandeglang, Tangerang, Sukabumi, Purwakarta, Indramayu, Ciamis, Sumedang, dan Bandung Barat Utara dengan menggunakan teknik proportional cluster random sampling. Lembar jawaban setiap kelompok sekolah tersebut dianalisis secara kuantitatif dengan menggunakan estimasi parameter butir program ASCAL, selanjutnya untuk melihat tingkat invariansi parameter digunakan analisis varians satu jalur dengan program SPSS/PC +. Hasil analisis data dan pembahasan menunjukan bahwa: (1 Estimasi parameter butir soal yang berjumlah 40 butir, pada kelom­pok sekolah kotamadia diperoleh 20 butir (50% baik, 6 butir soal (15% perlu direvisi, dan 14 butir soal (35% tergolong jelek. Pada kelompok sekolah kabupaten diperoleh 20 butir soal (50% baik, 7 butir soal (17,5% perlu direvisi, dan 13 butir soal (32,5% tergo­long jelek. Butir soal yang tergolong jelek disebabkan butir soal terlalu sukar dan tingginya peluang tebakan butir. (2 Kehandalan tes yang dinyatakan oleh nilai fungsi informasi butir tergolong cukup memadai. (3 Tingkat kemampuan peserta EBTANAS tergolong sedang dengan rata-rata tingkat kemampuan dalam skala logit sebesar +0,0343 untuk peserta kelompok sekolah kotamadia dan +0,0377 untuk peserta kelompok sekolah kabupaten. (4 Parameter butir adalah invarian berdasarkan lokasi

  15. Induced abortion in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, T H; Sarwono, S W; Widyantoro, N

    1993-01-01

    Induced abortion is one of the most difficult sociomedical problems facing the Indonesian government. While well-known in traditional society, the practice was discouraged by all Indonesian religious groups, and forbidden by the Dutch colonial authorities. Although abortion was technically illegal under the criminal code, a judicial interpretation in the early 1970s permitted medical professionals to offer the procedure so long as they were discreet and careful. The numbers of medical abortions carried out in Indonesia rose dramatically, and there was evidence of matching declines in the incidence of morbidity and mortality caused by dangerous illegal procedures. Medical and community groups campaigned for a more liberal abortion law to protect legal practitioners and stamp out illegal traditional practices. Their efforts appeared to bear fruit in the draft Health Law, but when the law was passed by the legislature in late 1992, the issue was again clouded by contradictions and inconsistencies. PMID:8212094

  16. Pendanaan Pendidikan Di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syakdiah Syakdiah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Education is universal basic human need. The Indonesian state founder also realize that matter Hence "educating the nation" representing one of the target of state founding. In the constitution it is aim mentioned that each citizen entitled to get the education. But in Indonesia development history , education sector always pulled over and get less attention. This is can be seen from the proportion of education sector in APBN ID. The implementation of education decentralization on the chance of will upgrade and amenity access, but in the practically not such as those which expected. That happened exactly with privatiszation and education commercialization, so that education expense become costly. As a result a lot of school age child have no access go to the school because unable to pay education expense.

  17. Inventory of Forts in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Rinandi, N.; F. Suryaningsih

    2015-01-01

    The great archipelago in Indonesia with its wealthy and various nature, the products and commodities of tropic agriculture and the rich soil, was through the centuries a region of interest for other countries all over the world. For several reasons some of these countries came to Indonesia to establish their existence and tried to monopolize the trading. These countries such as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch and the British built strengthened trade stations which later became...

  18. PERSPEKTIF ARSITEKTUR SURYA DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Jimmy Priatman

    2000-01-01

    Solar energy is a prospective alternative resource due to its existence as a non-polluting source of renewable energy. The potency of solar energy in Indonesia at the belt of equator enables its usage in buildings directly to fulfill human needs. The integrative implementation of solar technology into building emerges specific challenges in architectural design and evolves a new architectural approach which is called "solar architecture". Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Energi surya merupakan ...

  19. Migration and deforestation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Darmawan, Rivayani; Klasen, Stephan; Nuryartono, Nunung

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia now has the highest deforestation rate in the world, with an average increase of about 47,600 ha per year. As a result, the nation is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world and putting its rich biodiversity at risk. Although the literature discussing the political economy of Indonesia commercial's logging is growing, only a small amount focuses on the relationship between migration and deforestation. Migration may contribute to the forest cover change, as migra...

  20. Dutch colonial anthropology in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Buskens, L.P.H.M.; Kommers, J.H.M.

    2007-01-01

    Attempts to assess the results of colonial anthropology in Indonesia faced some problems, which, until recently, have not been dealt with properly. Therefore, in a newly published comprehensive history of anthropology in the Netherlands, several studies focused on the character, rather than on the substance of colonial anthropology. In the case of Dutch colonial representations of Indonesia, 'colonial anthropology' appears to be an assemblage of various disciplines that constituted a fragment...

  1. INDONESIA DAN ASEAN: KAJIAN PERUBAHAN DASAR LUAR INDONESIA PASCA ERA PEMBAHARUAN

    OpenAIRE

    D a r w i s

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia telah memainkan peranan yang penting dalam ASEAN sejak tahun 1967. Walau bagaimanapun, krisis ekonomi 1997/1998 dan peningkatan konflik antara agama dan aktiviti pengganas di bahagian pelbagai Indonesia telah menjejaskan peranan Indonesia di ASEAN. Ini adalah satu kajian perubahan dasar luar Indonesia dalam diplomasi ASEAN. Soalan utama kajian ini bertujuan untuk menjawab apakah krisis ekonomi dan isu-isu politik dan keselamat...

  2. PEMBIAYAAN KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA TAHUN 1990-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Ridwan Malik

    2012-01-01

    During the period before fiscal year 1996197, there were several activities have been done relate to national health financing such as data collection, analyses, research, and report in Indonesia. The activities was done without coordination by many agencies, it were conducted by National Institute of Health Research and Development-MOH (NIHRD), Bureau of Planning, Bureau of Finance-MOH, Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS), Universities, beside by International Agencies (World Bank, WHO, UNDP e...

  3. Characterizing forest reduction in Ketapang district, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    ASEP SUNJAYA ADHIKERANA; JITO SUGARDJITO

    2010-01-01

    Adhikerana AS, Sugardjito J (2010) Characterizing forest reduction in Ketapang district, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 11: 46-54. We have characterized deforestation in the Ketapang district forests when we implemented the Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) Conservation in Trans-boundary Landscape between Central and West Kalimantan provinces. For the purpose of evaluating the changes in land use and land cover in the study areas, a series of Landsat imageries have been analyzed. ...

  4. Ecological anthropology of households in East Madura, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, W. G.

    2011-01-01

      This dissertation is the result of diachronic and comparative anthropological study of rural households in Northeast Madura, Indonesia, carried out on eight separate visits between August 1985 and March 2009. The aim is to bring time-structured data to bear on key questions regarding the evolution of this rural community. My initial research from 1985 to 1987 focused on animal husbandry, household budgets, and time allocation, subjects central to Madurese society that had not been stud...

  5. Penile length of newborns and children in Surakarta, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Annang Giri Moelyo; Melita Widyastuti

    2013-01-01

    Background Penile length is a factor for assessing abnormalities in external genitalia. To diagnose micropenis, a condition in which penile length is < - 2.5 standard deviations (SD), a reference is required for diagnosis. Age and race/ethnic groups are factors that contribute to normal penile length. To date, Indonesia does not have such a reference for normal penile length in newborns and children. Objective To assess normal penile length in newborns and children in Surakarta, Central J...

  6. Determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agho Kingsley

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neonatal mortality accounts for almost 40 per cent of under-five child mortality, globally. An understanding of the factors related to neonatal mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to prevent neonatal deaths. This study aimed to identify the determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia, for a nationally representative sample of births from 1997 to 2002. Methods The data source for the analysis was the 2002–2003 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey from which survival information of 15,952 singleton live-born infants born between 1997 and 2002 was examined. Multilevel logistic regression using a hierarchical approach was performed to analyze the factors associated with neonatal deaths, using community, socio-economic status and proximate determinants. Results At the community level, the odds of neonatal death was significantly higher for infants from East Java (OR = 5.01, p = 0.00, and for North, Central and Southeast Sulawesi and Gorontalo combined (OR = 3.17, p = 0.03 compared to the lowest neonatal mortality regions of Bali, South Sulawesi and Jambi provinces. A progressive reduction in the odds was found as the percentage of deliveries assisted by trained delivery attendants in the cluster increased. The odds of neonatal death were higher for infants born to both mother and father who were employed (OR = 1.84, p = 0.00 and for infants born to father who were unemployed (OR = 2.99, p = 0.02. The odds were also higher for higher rank infants with a short birth interval (OR = 2.82, p = 0.00, male infants (OR = 1.49, p = 0.01, smaller than average-sized infants (OR = 2.80, p = 0.00, and infant's whose mother had a history of delivery complications (OR = 1.81, p = 0.00. Infants receiving any postnatal care were significantly protected from neonatal death (OR = 0.63, p = 0.03. Conclusion Public health interventions directed at reducing neonatal death should

  7. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI SUSTAINABILITAS PERTUMBUHAN FINANSIAL LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO DI JAWA TIMUR

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Sundari; Arief Daryanto; Mangara Tambunan; Asep Saefuddin

    2012-01-01

    Since the monetary crisis in 1998, Indonesia's economy has not fully recovered as indicated by slow economic growth which has not reached yet 8% each year. These conditions load to growing number of unemployed and hence create many demand from the large number of micro enterprise for loan. There were about 50 million micro entrepreneurs which was served only by 56 thousand units of MFIs (Microfinance Institution). This fact intrigued a deep comprehensive analysis at supply side, i.e. the MFIs...

  8. Upaya Meningkatkan Mutu Pelayanan Pramusaji di Restoran Jawa Hotel Danau Toba International Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Sahat P.H

    2010-01-01

    Industri pariwisata di Indonesia merupakan salah satu industri atau bidang yang memberikan sumbangan atau devisa negara yang paling besar. Industri pariwisata ini sangat erat kaitannya dengan industri perhotelan yang perkembangannya semakin pesat dari tahun ketahun. Industri perhotelan memiliki dua unsur paling penting yakni accomodation industry (penjualan kamar-kamar hotel) dan food service industry (penjualan makan dan minuman di restoran). Pada food service industry, hal yang paling di...

  9. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-01-01

    In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration...

  10. The Indonesia Kit. A Study Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briere, Elaine; Gage, Susan

    This document is designed for Canadians interested in the South Pacific island chain nation of Indonesia. The kit includes information, photographs, and illustrations concerning Indonesia, West Papua (Irian Jaya), and East Timor. There are discussions of Indonesia's environment, its transmigration program, development refugees, and ties with…

  11. Indonesia Economic Quarterly, July 2014 : Hard Choices

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    The Indonesia Economic Quarterly (IEQ) has two main objectives. First, it reports on the key developments over the past three months in Indonesia's economy, and places these in a longer term and global context. Based on these developments, and on policy changes over the period, the IEQ regularly updates the outlook for Indonesia's economy and social welfare. Second, the IEQ provides a m...

  12. DESENTRALISASI PENGELUARAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Herni Rochana

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the implementation of Law 22/1999 and Law 25/1999 of 2001, has been an increase in the implementation of fiscal decentralization with a phenomenon called Big Bang. The study was conducted to determine the degree of decentralization of expenditure covering the period before and after the implementation of regional autonomy. The research data is a panel data drawn from 30 provinces between 1994 to 2007. The results showed that in Indonesia there has been a significant increase in expenditure decentralization since 2001. Significant increases occurred mainly on the expenditure side, especially the decentralization of authority be spending more than doubled from the previous. On a national scale, the degree of decentralization of authority expenditure increased from 10.48% in the year 2000 to 25.45% in 2001. And the average for each province, the degree of decentralization of spending authority increased from 0.40% in 2000 to 0, 85% in 2001DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2423

  13. Waduk Parangjoho dan Songputri: Alternatif Sumber Erupsi Formasi Semilir di daerah Eromoko, Kabupaten Wonogiri, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no2.20091The Semilir Formation was typically originated from products of a very explosive volcanic activity, i.e. breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs containing abundant pumice. It has a light grey to white colour and high silica andesite to dacite in composition, mainly rich in volcanic glass and quartz. Sedimentary structures of these volcanic rocks are massive, grading, planar bedding, and cross-bedding to antidunes, with grain size varies from ash (≤ 2 mm to lapilli (2 – 64 mm to bomb and block (> 64 mm. The formation is widely distributed from the west side (Pleret and Piyungan areas, Bantul Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta until Eromoko area in the east (Wonogiri Regency, Jawa Tengah Province. Stratigraphically, the Semilir Formation underlies the Nglanggeran Formation, and overlies the Mandalika Formation in the eastern part and Kebo-Butak Formation in the western part. Geomorphological- and lithological analyses of the Semilir Formation in areas of Parangjoho and Song- putri Dams, Eromoko Sub-regency, Wonogiri Regency indicate that the two depressions were alternatively volcanic sources of the Semilir Formation in the Eromoko area. This is proved by the presence of co-ignimbrite breccias(co-ignimbrite lag fall deposits, that descriptively they are polymict breccias. This rock is characterized by a mixing of pumice and various hard rock fragments that primarily are juvenile materials (volcanic blocks, bombs, accessory-, and accidental rock fragments set in pumice-rich volcanic ash and lapilli sizes. The accessory materials came from older volcanic rocks, whereas the accidental ones were originated from basement rocks. During a caldera forming event or a destruction period of an older composite volcanic cone(s, all older rocks resting above the magma chamber were ejected to the surface by a very high magmatic pressure. Since they were heavier than the juvenile material, most accessory and

  14. POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN, KEBIASAAN MAKAN, DAN DENSITAS GIZI PADA MASYARAKAT KASEPUHAN CIPTAGELAR JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Dwi Jayati

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine food consumption patterns, eating habits, and its effect on the density of nutrient intake in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar a traditional village community in West Java. Cross–sectional design was implied for this study. A total of 65 eligible households participated in the study. Household’s food consumption data which were used to calculate nutrient density score and density of nutrient intake were collected using 24-hour recall. Nutrient density scores were calculated by using Nutrient Rich Food Index 9.3 to compare nutrient intake of food with Daily Value based on FAO standards. Stepwise linear regression analysis showed that socio-economic factors most affecting iron density was age of husband. Meanwhile, food habits factor significantly affecting protein density was meal frequency. Food preference significantly affected on calcium density. Other socio-economic factors including family size, household income, and the amount of rice in rice barn; and socio-cultural factors of food taboos have no significant effect on density of nutrient intake. Nutrient intake from more variety foods should be increased to fulfill nutrient adequacy of individuals, especially girl adolescent and pregnant mothers who observed food taboos in this community.Keywords: density of nutrient intake, nutrient density, traditional communityABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan dan kebiasaan makan serta pengaruhnya terhadap densitas asupan zat gizi pada masyarakat Kasepuhan Ciptagelar di Jawa Barat. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional dengan total subjek sebanyak 65 rumah tangga. Skor densitas zat gizi pangan dihitung menggunakan metode Nutrient Rich Food Index 9.3. Analisis menggunakan regresi linear menunjukkan bahwa variabel umur suami berpengaruh terhadap densitas asupan zat besi rumah tangga. Salah satu variabel kebiasaan makan yaitu frekuensi makan rumah tangga berpengaruh

  15. Kontribusi Higiene Mulut terhadap Timbulnya Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (ANUG (Survei Epidemiologi di Kecamatan Pacet Kabupaten Cianjur Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Mirna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This analytical epidemiological survey was aimed to investigate the correlation between oral hygiene and the onset of an infectious, necrotic, ulcerative disease called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG. The study involved 319 elementary school children consisting of 163 (52% male and 156 (48% female pupils from Kecamatan Pacet, Cianjur, WestJawa. Samples were chosen by stratified simple random sampling. The obtained data were analyzed with Bivariant Test (Chi2Ttest, and the results showed a quite high prevalence of ANUG, aboout 15.3% in total and consisting 9% male and 6.3% female subjects. The correlation between oral hygiene and the onset of ANUG was found to be significant (p<0.05. It was concluded that oral hygiene has an important contribution to the onset of ANUG.

  16. Penelitian Perilaku Pengguna Internet Pada Desa Pinter Hasil Pembangunan USO dengan Pendekatan Technology Acceptance Model (TAM di Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasni Julita Siahaan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Fasilitas internet yang dibangun dengan proyek USO adalah suatu teknologi baru yang dapat menimbulkan reaksi pada penggunanya, baik reaksi menerima maupun reaksi menolak. Oleh karena itu, perlu diketahui model penerimaan teknologi tersebut serta factor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap penerimaanya. Salah satu model penerimaan pemakai terhadap teknologi yang paling sesuai sampai sekarang adalah technology acceptance model (TAM yang dikemukakan oleh Davis dan Khosrow-Pour (2006: 209. Bagaimana kecocokan model TAM dalam menilai penerimaan pengguna terhadap fasilitas internet tersebut dianalisis dengan structural equation modeling (SEM. Pendekatan dalam penelitian ini adalan kuantitatif dengan melakukan survey kepada masyarakat di sekitar lokasi pembangunan proyek USO di Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model TAM dapat digunakan menilai perilaku masyarakat di sekitar lokasi pembangunan proyek USO dalam menerima dan memanfaatkan fasilitas Internet.

  17. Pengembangan Buku Suplemen Materi Paket B Dalam Menyongsong Wajib Belajar Pendidikan Dasar 9 Tahun Melalui Jalur Pendidikan Luar Sekolah di Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarti Sudarti

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The result of this study serves as a contributing factor in developing supplement books for Packet B. These supplement books should be in line with the interest of the adult learners and the available learning resources so as to be useful for the learners in order to improve their earnings and in turn motivate them to learn more. The population of this study are people in East Jawa having all kinds of earnings resources.

  18. Perancangan Aplikasi Web Dinamis Pada Bank Indonesia Kantpr Cabang Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Yeni F.

    2011-01-01

    Bank Indonesia merupakan satu-satunya bank sentral di Indonesia yang menangani berbagai kegiatan keuangan dan perbankan. Selain itu Bank Indonesia juga mendukung dan memberikan andil dalam menjalankan roda perekonomian di Indonesia. Karena pengaruhnya yang besar dalam roda perekonomian Indonesia maka lembaga ini telah meluncurkan sebuah web dinamis yang telah dipublikasikan oleh pimpinan Bank Indonesia di pusat (Jakarta). Website tersebut menyajikan berbagai informasi Bank Indonesia secara um...

  19. DETERMINAN TABUNGAN MUDHARABAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roikhan Moch Aziz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research to determine how the influence of macro variables were Profit Sharing Ratio (equivalent rate, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI against Mudharabah Savings at Islamic Banking in Indonesia. The data used in this research were data time series by using multiple regressions and analysis by Ordinary Least Squares. The results showed that simultaneously independent variables (Profit Sharing ratio, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI have significant influence the dependent variable (MudharabaH Savings with probability 0.000000. End that partially independent variables (Inflation with probability 0.0013, GDP with probability 0.0000, and SWBI with probability 0.0000 have positively influence and significantly to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings in the Islamic Banking of Indonesia. While between the variable independent (Profit Sharing ratio to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings have not significantly with probability 0.2040, in the Islamic Banking of IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2425

  20. Migration and deforestation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Darmawan, Rivayani; Klasen, Stephan; Nuryartono, Nunung

    2016-01-01

    Indonesia now has the highest deforestation rate in the world, with an average increase of about 47,600 ha per year. As a result, the nation is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world and is putting its rich biodiversity at risk. Although the literature discussing the political economy of Indonesia commercial's logging is growing, only a small amount focuses on the relation-ship between migration and deforestation. Migration may contribute to the forest cover change, as m...

  1. Demokrasi dalam Pilkada di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Hakim, Muhammad Zulfan

    2008-01-01

    Democracy in Indonesia has been a very expensive matter, due to a direct election fever that had spread trough since 1998. Many disputes around this fact are brought to surface, because the basic propose of this direct election is to bring back democracy to the people, but in reality, democracy has been quite disappointing in result, because the lack of respect to the peoples need on a better political condition, and because of so many arguing that make Indonesia runs out of energy just to so...

  2. Indonesia country report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several nuclear research are currently operation in Serpong, Jakarta, Bandung and Yogyakarta; these facilities has been in operation step wisely and having strong link with various universities and laboratories within the country (30 MW in Serpong, 2 MW in Bandung, Cyclotron CS-30 Serpong, Accelerator Yogyakarta, Irradiator Co-60). Public Acceptance: Further more the routine activities of the public information by WiN regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, especially to the immediate environment of the NPP candidate site are indeed of important steps. Future of nuclear power: Since 1990's, Indonesia planned to build NPP station in Jepara to anticipate future energy crisis. Indonesia National Energy Policy has four main objectives: - Securing the continuity of energy supply for domestic use at price affordable to the public, - Enhancing the life quality of the people, - Stimulating economic growth, and, - Reserving an adequate supply of oil and gas for expert to provide source of foreign exchange to fund the national development program. Nuclear Waste Management Policy: Law no 10/1997 on nuclear power became the basic policy in management of radioactive waste The only national agency dealing with radioactive substances, BATAN possesses all data and information concerning the use of nuclear power. Radioactive waste management is particularly earmarked for maximum protection of living creatures, the environment and its ecosystems. In order to guarantee maximum safety and protection, all parties involved in the acquisition of radioactive materials should abide by the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle. In order to achieve radioactive waste management that complies with the principle of sustainable development, technological applications should be technically and economically viable for maximum protection of the environment and safety from any potential nuclear hazards, now and in future. The application must also be accepted by the community

  3. Indonesia country report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murni Soedyartomo Soentono, Tri [National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia - Batan, Radioisotopes and Radiopharmaceuticals Development Centre, Pasar Jum' at, Cinere Raya, 12570 Jakarta (Indonesia)

    2008-07-01

    Several nuclear research are currently operation in Serpong, Jakarta, Bandung and Yogyakarta; these facilities has been in operation step wisely and having strong link with various universities and laboratories within the country (30 MW in Serpong, 2 MW in Bandung, Cyclotron CS-30 Serpong, Accelerator Yogyakarta, Irradiator Co-60). Public Acceptance: Further more the routine activities of the public information by WiN regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, especially to the immediate environment of the NPP candidate site are indeed of important steps. Future of nuclear power: Since 1990's, Indonesia planned to build NPP station in Jepara to anticipate future energy crisis. Indonesia National Energy Policy has four main objectives: - Securing the continuity of energy supply for domestic use at price affordable to the public, - Enhancing the life quality of the people, - Stimulating economic growth, and, - Reserving an adequate supply of oil and gas for expert to provide source of foreign exchange to fund the national development program. Nuclear Waste Management Policy: Law no 10/1997 on nuclear power became the basic policy in management of radioactive waste The only national agency dealing with radioactive substances, BATAN possesses all data and information concerning the use of nuclear power. Radioactive waste management is particularly earmarked for maximum protection of living creatures, the environment and its ecosystems. In order to guarantee maximum safety and protection, all parties involved in the acquisition of radioactive materials should abide by the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle. In order to achieve radioactive waste management that complies with the principle of sustainable development, technological applications should be technically and economically viable for maximum protection of the environment and safety from any potential nuclear hazards, now and in future. The application must also be accepted by the community

  4. PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH IKAN SIDAT INDONESIA (Anguilla bicolor SEBAGAI TEPUNG PADA INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DI PALABUHANRATU, KABUPATEN SUKABUMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RA Hangesti Emi Widyasari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis research aims to analyze the nutritive value of flour head, liver powder and bone meal as by product of Indonesian eel (Anguilla bicolor processing. Eel waste flour was made by using a thermal process in the drum dryer fish flouring mill PT. Carmelitha Lestari in Bogor, whereas proximate analysis for chemical tests were performed in the laboratory of Integrated Chemical Laboratory, IPB and direct observation was conducted in PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Sukabumi district in October 2012—April 2013. The nutritive value based on proximate analysis showed that head flour, liver flour, and bone flour contained protein 61.78%, 53.92%, and 41.01%; fat 15.55%, 27.28%, 13.07%; carbohydrate 11.48%; 14.96%, 8.13%; water 5.44%, 8.48%, 3.01%; ash 12.95%, 3.62%, 37.49%, and crude fiber 1.33%, 0.04%, 1.11%, respectively.Keywords: Anguilla bicolor, bone flour, head flour, liver flour, nutritive valueABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kandungan gizi tepung kepala, tepung tulang dan tepung hati ikan yang merupakan limbah pengolahan ikan sidat Indonesia (Anguilla bicolor. Tepung limbah ikan sidat dibuat berdasarkan proses termal menggunakan drum dryer di pabrik penepungan ikan PT. Carmelitha Lestari di Bogor dan analisis proksimat untuk uji kimiawi dilakukan di Laboratorium Kimia Terpadu, IPB serta observasi langsung di PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Kabupaten Sukabumi pada bulan Oktober 2012—April 2013. Hasil analisis proksimat tepung kepala, tepung hati dan tepung tulang mengandung protein berturut-turut sebesar 61.78%, 53.92%, dan 41.01%; lemak sebesar 15.55%; 27.28%; 13.07%, karbohidrat sebesar 11.48%; 14.96%; 8.13%, kadar air sebesar 5.44%; 8.48%; 3.01%, kadar abu 12.95%; 3.62%; 37.49% dan serat kasar 1.33%; 0.04%; 1.11%.Kata kunci: Anguilla bicolor, nilai gizi, tepung hati, tepung kepala, tepung tulang

  5. Energy policy review of Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-11-21

    The Republic of Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation and a developing economy in transition. It is now consolidating its democratic government and implementing governance and financial reforms. After the Asian financial crisis of 1997-99, Indonesia's economy has returned to a strong and stable 5-6% annual growth. Over recent decades, its resource wealth, openness to trade and investment, and a strategically favourable location in East Asia have made Indonesia a key global exporter of oil, gas, and coal. However, Indonesia now faces the serious challenge of fast-rising domestic energy demand with declining oil and gas production. The country's energy policy makers are looking closely at domestic energy requirements and best policies to meet these needs. This includes moving prices towards international parity, improving the energy sector investment climate, and developing electricity generation capacity. While some very difficult decisions have been made over recent years, many challenges remain. This study assesses the country's major energy issues. The study was conducted by a team of IEA member country specialists - an approach which has also been used for national and sectoral reviews of other non-IEA countries, including Angola, China, India, Russia, and Ukraine, as well as the Western Balkan region. The Review offers an analysis of Indonesia's energy sector, with findings and recommendations that draw on experience in IEA member countries. Six areas are suggested for priority attention, including progressive reduction in fuel and electricity subsidies, better implementation of policy, improving clarity of the investment framework, helping the energy regulators do their job more effectively, and harnessing a sustainable development agenda particularly renewable energy and energy efficiency.

  6. Taking Sides: The Frames of Online Media on the Bilateral Relationship Between Indonesia and Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gatut Priyowidodo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The relations between Indonesia and Malaysia are always full of dynamics. Indonesia is always known as old brother of Malaysia since it has similar history, religion also socio cultural background. Some decades show that the decline of relationship of both countries. Another time, as ASEAN members, the two countries devote their nationalities to purify their collective identities as Eastern nations. The objective of the research is to extricate the construction of Kompas online and Utusan online toward news coverage of the borders dispute between Indonesia- Malaysia in 2010. This research is proposed to examine central issues which reported by Kompas online and Utusan online consistently. As a media, Kompas coverage dominates circulation nationally. Kompas.com was the pioneer of online news in Indonesia and was born in reformation era. Utusan is a prominent media industry in Malaysia that was conducted by UMNO as the ruling party in Malaysia for some periods. The method used in this research is framing method by Robert N. Entman’s which consists of four steps identification: defining problem, diagnosing causes, moral judgment and a treatment recommendation. This research found that Kompas news covered the border dispute must be negotiated as recognition of Indonesia dignity. On the contrary, Utusan’s spectacle focused on the Indonesian demonstrators anarchism during the dispute. Keywords: Online Media, media construction, the border dispute, Indonesia-Malaysia’s Bilateral Relations

  7. Causality between financial development and economic growth, and the Islamic finance imperative: A case study of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail, Mohamed Ayaz Mohamed; Masih, Mansur

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia has been rapidly showing signs of advanced economic development. The country’s central bank is of the view that with the unbanked accounting for more than half of the population, the potential for growth in the world’s biggest Muslim population is immense. This article makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between financial development and economic growth, with Indonesia as a case study. It also discusses the results in the context of the development of Isl...

  8. Causality between financial development and economic growth, and the Islamic finance imperative: A case study of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail, Mohamed Ayaz Mohamed; Masih, Mansur

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia has been rapidly showing signs of advanced economic development. The country’s central bank is of the view that with the unbanked accounting for more than half of the population, the potential for growth in the world’s biggest Muslim population is immense. This article makes an attempt to test the possible directions of causality between financial development and economic growth, with Indonesia as a case study. It also discusses the results in the context of the development of Islam...

  9. Indonesia-DLN Is A Digital Library Network In Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within this paper, philosophy of the knowledge sharing, vision of the network, and how it can give benefits to Indonesia are described. The status of the network is described that show the successfulness of the architecture in tying together partner's knowledge from all big islands of Indonesia (Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya) whether they have dedicated internet connection or only a dial-up one. Currently 13 institutions have joined the network and 15+ in progress of developing their servers. Features of the software, Ganesha Digital Library (GDL version 3.1) are presented, that is now distributed as a Free-Software that is based on My SQL, PHP, and Apache

  10. Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia (Marriage Law in Indonesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Priskila Pratita Penasthika

    2012-01-01

    Human is social being who during his or her life will always be in interaction with the other human. Marriage is one form of interactions that could happen between human being. Every state in this world has its own regulation to determine the requirements and procedure for a legal marriage. As reflected in its title, this book, specifically discusses specifically the marriage law in Indonesia.

  11. M-Commerce In Indonesia: Problems & Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyoto Indonesia

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a preliminary observation of the latest m-Commerce problems and prospects in Indonesia. Every year the Indonesian mobile market has grown, from 175.1 million subscribers in 2009 to 222.7 million in 2010 and then to more than 240 million subscribers by 2011. However, the fact is that the m-Commerce adoption in Indonesia has still been low and slow. Mobile commerce or commonly abbreviated as m-Commerce is still considered as something new in Indonesia. The purposes of this paper are to describe the m-Commerce development trends in Indonesia, to identify problems faced by Indonesia, to identify its prospects in Indonesia, and to propose alternative solutions to the problems that have been identified. This paper attempts to help business managers to understand the problems of m-Commerce and to be capitalize on the advantages of m-Commerce.

  12. Pembuatan Wiki Legenda Indonesia dengan Menggunakan CMS Mediawiki

    OpenAIRE

    Adityo Roosdiono; Mudjahidin Mudjahidin

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia adalah negara yang terdiri dari berbagai suku bangsa dan budaya. Salah satu bentuk kekayaan suku bangsa di Indonesia dapat dilihat dari banyaknya legenda yang tersebar di Indonesia. Hampir setiap daerah di Indonesia memiliki cerita rakyat yang kental dengan suasana mistik, budaya dan tradisi di daerah masing-masing.Sayangnya cerita rakyat ini jarang sekali diekspos sehingga tidak jarang warga negara Indonesia tidak tahu cerita sejarah yang ada di Indonesia.  Berdasarkan pemikiran it...

  13. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKAN INDUSTRI FARMASI DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ronny H. Mustamu

    2007-01-01

    Supply Chain Management (SCM) plays a very important role in the pharmaceutical industry, especially in Indonesia, where more than 90 percent of raw materials for pharmaceutical industry are actually imported. It is known that Indonesia's pharmaceutical industry is very expensive. Government of Indonesia (GOI) is hardly managed the pharmaceutical industry due to its complexity. Too many players put its stakes in this industry. The growing industry clusters are also coloring the competition am...

  14. Indonesia Economic Quarterly, October 2013 : Continuing Adjustment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    The Indonesia Economic Quarterly (IEQ) has two main aims. First, it reports on the key developments over the past three months in Indonesia's economy, and places these in a longer-term and global context. Based on these developments and on policy changes over the period, the IEQ regularly updates the outlook for Indonesia's economy and social welfare. Second, the IEQ provides a more in-dep...

  15. Indonesia Economic Quarterly, December 2014 : Delivering Change

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    The Indonesia Economic Quarterly (IEQ) has two main aims. First, it reports on the key developments over the past three months in Indonesia s economy, and places these in a longerterm and global context. Based on these developments, and on policy changes over the period, the IEQ regularly updates the outlook for Indonesia s economy and social welfare. Second, the IEQ provides a more in-dep...

  16. KAJIAN BISNIS FRANCHISE MAKANAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Dewi Astuti

    2005-01-01

    Food franchising business in Indonesia is growing up very fast. Factors that urge the growth are the specific characteristics of franchise inself, the rise of market demand, the availability of skilled labor, the high of return on investment and the internal factors such as the motivation, personality and the changing life style. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Bisnis franchise makanan di Indonesia berkembang dengan cepat. Beberapa faktor yang mendorong pertumbuhannya adalah ciri-ciri dari fra...

  17. ANALISIS EJEKSI DAN DISPERSI AWAN DEBU VULKANIK GUNUNG SEMERU JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Krisbiantoro

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Volcanic Ash Clouds atau awan debu vulkanik merupakan salah satu aktivitas yang ditunjukkan oleh gunungapi. Karakterisasi awan debu vulkanik suatu gunung api merupakan upaya monitoring aktivitas suatu gunung api. Monitoring aktivitas gunung api merupakan bagian dari penanggulangan dan kesiapsiagaan terhadap bencana atau bahaya yang diakibatkan oleh aktivitas gunungapi. Gunung Semeru sebagai gunungapi teraktif di Indonesia secara periodik mengeluarkan atau mengejeksikan material debu vulkanik ke atmosfer yang membentuk awan vulkanik. Dampak yang ditimbulkan oleh awan debu vulkanik Gunung Semeru tidak hanya mengancam kehidupan manusia tetapi juga mengancam sumber kehidupan manusia. Teknologi penginderaan jauh atau remote sensing digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi karateristik spketral awan debu vulkanik Gunung Semeru. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi Citra Satelit Landsat TM perekaman tahun 2001 sampai dengan 2010 dan Data Lidar Satelit CALIPSO. Kata Kunci: Awan debu vulkanik, Mitigasi, Remote Sensing, Citra Satelit

  18. Variation in photosynthetic light-use efficiency in a mountainous tropical rain forest in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibrom, Andreas; Oltchev, A.; June, T.;

    2008-01-01

    scarce in remote tropical areas. We used a 16-month continuous CO2 flux and meteorological dataset from a mountainous tropical rain forest in central Sulawesi, Indonesia to derive values of epsilon(Pg). and to investigate the relationship between P-g and Q(abs). Absorption was estimated with a 1D SVAT...

  19. The progress on governing REDD+ in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Mas Achmad Santosa; Josi Khatarina; Aldilla Stephanie Suwana

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia is one of the ten most forest-rich countries in the world. Almost 70 per cent of Indonesia’s mainland is covered with forest. However, Indonesia faces one of the highest rates of forest loss in the world. Deforestation and forest degradation accounts for more than 60 per cent of carbon emissions in Indonesia. Being aware of that fact and the danger of climate change, in October 2009, Indonesia voluntarily committed to reduce emissions by 26 per cent from business as usual by 2020 th...

  20. Analisis Keunggulan Bersaing Nissan di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lim Sanny

    2010-01-01

    Automotive sales in Indonesia picked up sharply in 2010, and increase of prices does not lower the demand for automotive products. The large population of Indonesia and the low level of car ownership in the country suggest there is a lot of potential for expansion in the automotive industry. The aim of this research is to observe Nissans strategy in Indonesia to gain a spot in the top 10 of the best automotive seller in Indonesia. This research uses primary data with forecasting with monthly ...

  1. Sister Lab Program Prospective Partner Nuclear Profile: Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bissani, M; Tyson, S

    2006-12-14

    Indonesia has participated in cooperative technical programs with the IAEA since 1957, and has cooperated with regional partners in all of the traditional areas where nuclear science is employed: in medicine, public health (such as insect control and eradication programs), agriculture (e.g. development of improved varieties of rice), and the gas and oil industries. Recently, Indonesia has contributed significantly to the Reduced Enrichment Research and Training Reactor (RERTR) Program by conducting experiments to confirm the feasibility of Mo-99 production using high-density low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, a primary goal of the RERTR Program. Indonesia's first research reactor, the TRIGA Mark II at Bandung, began operation in 1964 at 250 kW and was subsequently upgraded in 1971 to 1 MW and further upgraded in 2000 to 2 MW. This reactor was joined by another TRIGA Mark II, the 100-kW Kartini-PPNY at Yogyakarta, in 1979, and by the 30-MW G.A. Siwabessy multipurpose reactor in Serpong, which achieved criticality in July 1983. A 10-MW radioisotope production reactor, to be called the RPI-10, also was proposed for construction at Serpong in the late 1990s, but the project apparently was not carried out. In the five decades since its nuclear research program began, Indonesia has trained a cadre of scientific and technical staff who not only operate and conduct research with the current facilities, but also represent the nucleus of a skilled labor pool to support development of a nuclear power program. Although Indonesia's previous on-again, off-again consideration of nuclear power has not gotten very far in the past, it now appears that Indonesia again is giving serious consideration to beginning a national nuclear energy program. In June 2006, Research and Technology Minister Kusmayanto Kadiman said that his ministry was currently putting the necessary procedures in place to speed up the project to acquire a nuclear power plant, indicating that, &apos

  2. CESTODES IN MAN IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri S. Margono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cestodes are found endemic in certain areas of Indonesia. The most common cestodes found are Taenia saginata and Taenia solium. Eggs of Taenia are found in stool samples during surveys in Irian Jaya (2-9 %, Nusa Tenggara Timur (7 %, Bali and resettlement areas of people from Bali (0,4 - 3,3%. Interviews, with questions concerning expelled segments, recovered a prevalence of 9,5 % in inhabitants of the island of Samosir (North Sumatra and 2 % in the people of 6 villages in Abiansemal (Bali. Cases are also reported from Jakarta. Hymenolepis nana (0,2 -1% and Hymenolepis diminuta (0,4 % are rarely found in surveys. A case of hyperinfection with H. nana has been reported in Jakarta in 1968. Occasionally there are reports of infections with Dipylidium caninum, Raillietina madagascariensis, Bertiella studeri and sparganum. Report on treatment of taeniasis in Indonesia mentioned the use of atabrine, mebendazole, bithionol and praziquantel with different results.

  3. Indonesia: Financial System Stability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia recovered quickly after being hit hard by contagion from the global financial crisis. Banking fundamentals have improved, with most Indonesian banks reporting high capital, comfortable levels of liquidity, and solid profitability. Banks exhibit rising credit exposures to retail and SMEs. The Crisis Management Protocol functioned well during the crisis, but it has lapsed. A viable capital market will diversify the sources of funding and provide long-term investment opportunities. The...

  4. Environmental Dispute Resolution in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholson, David F.

    2005-01-01

    In the last two decades, Indonesia has seen a dramatic proliferation of environmental disputes in a variety of sectors, triggered by intensified deforestation and large scale mining operations in the resource rich outer islands, together with rapid industrialisation in the densely populated inner island of Java. Whilst the emergence of environmental disputes has sometimes attracted political repression, attempts have also been made in recent times to explore more functional approaches to thei...

  5. Analisis Determinan Cadangan Devisa Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Febriaty, Hastina

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to find out whether is there simultaneously relationship in the equation of net foreign reserve, net export, foreign exchange and foreign direct investment. Therefore, this study also to analyze the influence of foreign direct investment, foreign reserve before and foreign debt on foreign reserve in Indonesia. The influence foreign reserve, foreign direct investment and inflation on net export, the influence net export, money supply and interest rate SBI on...

  6. Transmigration and accumulation in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Sáinz, Juan Pablo

    1980-01-01

    ILO pub-wep pub. Working paper tracing the evolution of migration policy involving state intervention to reduce problems of overpopulation and employment in Indonesia - describes historical internal migration from java and bali to the outer islands during colonialism and after to up 1979, and argues that migration policy based on exploitation of surplus labour supply for reasons of capitalism has ended in failure. References and statistical tables.

  7. ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT: SMES IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    TULUS TAMBUNAN

    2007-01-01

    The Indonesian government has been trying to encourage entrepreneurship development by supporting the development of small and medium enterprises in the country, since these enterprises provide an avenue for the testing and development of entrepreneurial ability. This paper examines the current developments of SMEs in the country. The paper comes with a number of interesting facts. First, SMEs are of overwhelming importance in Indonesia, as they account for more than 90 percent of all firms o...

  8. Indonesia Economic Quarterly, December 2015

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2015-01-01

    The Indonesia Economic Quarterly (IEQ) has two main aims. First, it reports on the key developments over the past three months in Indonesia’s economy, and places these in a longerterm and global context. Based on these developments, and on policy changes over the period, the IEQ regularly updates the outlook for Indonesia’s economy and social welfare. Second, the IEQ provides a more in-dep...

  9. Analisis Produksi Beras di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lim Sanny

    2010-01-01

    Most of Indonesian still needs rice as a staple food. More and more quantity of people in a region will be increasing amount consumption of food in region, while decrease of rice field area that become different to public building or industrial affairs and economic transformation from agrarian affairs to nonagrarian affairs will be consequence rice production descend. Until now, domestic rice production was not able to meet its growing demand, so that Indonesia remains dependent upon rice imp...

  10. Christianity in Indonesia: an overview

    OpenAIRE

    Schröter, Susanne

    2011-01-01

    Indonesia is a multicultural and multireligious nation whose heterogeneity is codified in the state doctrine, the Pancasila. Yet the relations between the various social, ethnic, and religious groups have been problematic down to the present day, and national unity has remained fragile. In several respects, Christians have a precarious role in the struggle for shaping the nation. They are a small minority (about 9% of the population) in a country predominantly inhabited by Muslims; in the pas...

  11. Multinationals and Unionism in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riani Rachmawati

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a critical analysis of the factors shaping the interaction between multinationals and trade unions in Indonesia, focusing on the recent period of democratization following the downfall of the Suharto regime. It has been suggested that union growth risks undermining Indonesia’s competitive advantages (cheap labour and could encourage the exit of multinationals to cheaper competitors. In order to test this proposition, two case studies were conducted: one in the automotive industry and the other in the banking industry. The paper first provides an overview of multinational activity and FDI in Indonesia, and their interaction with a nascent union movement. This is followed by presenting the findings of interviews conducted at the multinational enterprises with managers and union officials; to provide empirical insights into the bargaining process. The final part of the paper provides a preliminary assessment of the impact of union behaviour on MNC profitability and competitiveness in Indonesia. In contrast to traditional views of unions as impeding MNC profitability and “encouraging” exit, the paper finds that unions and MNCs can engage in constructive partnerships, but that pressures and contradictions in the relationship remain.

  12. VECTORS OF MALARIA AND FILARIASIS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoedojo Hoedojo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Malaria at present is still one of the important mosquito-borne diseases in Indonesia. The disease is widespread all over the country and involves nearly all islands. Sixteen Anopheles species have been reconfirmed as malaria vectors. They were distributed geographi­cally as follows: Coastal areas and lagoons ------------------------------------- An sundaicus and An.subpictus Cultivated ricefields and swampy areas -------------------- An.aconitus, An.barbirostris, An.nigerrimus and An.sinensis Forest inland areas in shaded temporary pools, muddy animal wallows and hoof-prints -------------------------------------------------------- An.balabacensis, An.bancrofti, An.farauti, An.koliensis and An.punctulatus Swamp forest edge in ditches with vegeta- ---------------- An.letifer and An.ludlowae don Hilly areas in seepages, streams and clear moving water ---------------------------------------------- Anflavirostris, An.maculatus and Anminimus.   The species (of most general importance is An.sundaicus, which is restricted by its preference for brackish water and is prevalent in coastal areas of Java. Their types in behaviour of An.sundaicus appear as follows : 1. An.sundaicus in South Coast of Java in general. This species is essentially anthropophilic, exophagic and rests outdoor. It shows susceptible to DDT. 2. An.sundaicus in Cilacap, Central Java. This mosquito is a pure anthropophilic form. It bites man in houses and outdoors, rests indoors and is known resistant to DDT. 3. An.sundaicus in Yogyakarta and Purworejo, Central Java. This mosquito is a strong zoophilic species. It rests and prefers to bite outdoors and shows tolerance to DDT. Human filariasis in Indonesia is the result of infection by three endemic species, namely, Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori.W.bancrofti infection is found in both urban and rural areas. Twenty species of mosquitoes are confirmed as filariasis vectors. The urban type bancroftian filariasis

  13. INDEKS KERAGAMAN EKTOPARASIT PADA TIKUS RUMAH Rattus tanezumi Temminck, 1844 dan TIKUS POLINESIA R. exulans (Peal, 1848 DI DAERAH ENZOOTIK PES LERENG GUNUNG MERAPI, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyanto -

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHStudy of index diversity of ectoparasite species in the body of rat R. tanezumi and Polynesian rat R. exulans was conducted on the slopes of Mt. Merapi, Sukabumi village, Cepogo Sub District, Boyolali District, Central Java from May up to December 2008. The purpose of this study was to accounter index diversity of ectoparasite species in roof rat R. tanezumi and Polynesia rat R. exulans. This study was descriptive research. The method of study was by wire trap and ectoparasite processing by combing the hair. Five main groups of ectoparasites were found on the bodies of roof rat R. tanezumi and Polynesian rat R. exulans i.e mites, chiggers, ticks, lice and fleas. It had been found 10 species of ectoparasites on the body of R. tanezumi. It was 2 species of fleas, Xenopsylla cheopis and Stivalius cognatus, 2 species of lice Polyplax spinulosa and Hoplopleura pasifica, 5 species of chiggers Leptotrombidium deliensis, L. lacunosa,and Gahrliepia disparunguis, 2 species of mites larvae Laelap echidninus and L. nuttalli and 1 species of tick Ixodes sp., whereas in the bodies of polynesian rat R. exulans were found all of species ectoparasites, exceptly chigger L. lacunosa and ticks Ixodes sp. Species of chiggers L. fletcheri and Celadonta were found too in the bodies of Polynesian rats R. exulans. Poly-ectoparasitism and indexs diversity of ectoparasites species on the bodies roof rats R. tanezumi and R. exulans (male and female in domestic and peridomestic habitat in slope of Merapi Mountain, Central Java were not different significantlyINDONESIAStudi indeks keanekaragaman jenis ektoparasit pada tubuh tikus rumah Rattus tanezumi dan tikus Polinesia R. exulans telah dilakukan daerah di lereng Gunung Merapi, Desa Sukabumi, Kecamatan Cepogo, Kabupaten Boyolali, Jawa Tengah dilakukan pada bulan Mei-Desember 2008. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui indeks keragaman ektoparasit pada tikus rumah Rattus tanezumi dan tikus polinesia R. exulans

  14. INDONESIA: FROM PLURALISM TO MULTICULTURALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasino Wasino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia was not a new entity when started to become national country. It was called a continuation of the history of the Dutch East Indies. The people lived under western colonial was a pluralistic society, people separated by social class, ethnicity, religion, race and inter-group. Between the authorities and the people separated along racial lines. In addition there was the separation of ethnic groups associated with the economic, educational and social relations. After Indonesian independence the pluralistic society situation continues. The end of the New Order has opened a Pandora's Box of poor relations between ethnic and inter-religious. As a result many conflicts occurred based on religious and ethnic differences. The conflict heated up as the influx of political interests. The process of political reform gave birth to a new awareness of the relationship between ethnicity and religion. The starting point of this change was when the President Abdurrahman Wahid unlocked barriers on multicultural relationship that respects the differences of cultural orientation among the existing ethnic. From that moment the concept of multiculturalism experienced socialization process within Indonesian society. Key words: pluralism, multiculturalism, colonial, new order, socialization Ketika Indonesia lahir sebagai negara nasional, Indonesia bukanlah  entitas yang baru. Ia merupakan kelanjutan  sejarah dari masyarakat yang disebut Hindia Belanda. Masyarakat di bawah penjajah Barat ini merupakan masyarakat majemuk, masyarakat yang terpisah-pisah berdasarkan kelas sosial, suku, agama, ras, dan antar golongan. Antara penguasa dan rakyat terpisah secara garis rasial. Selain itu ada pe-misahan suku bangsa terkait dengan ekonomi, pendidikan, dan hubungan-hubungan sosial. Setelah Indonesia merdeka situasi masyarakat majemuk terus berlangsung. Berakhirnya Orde Baru telah membuka kotak pandora  buruknya hubungan antar etnik dan antar agama. Akibatnya

  15. Genetic Diversity of Acacia mangium Seed Orchard in Wonogiri Indonesia Using Microsatellite Markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIVI YUSKIANTI

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Genetic diversity is important in tree improvement programs. To evaluate levels of genetic diversity of first generation Acacia mangium seedling seed orchard in Wonogiri, Central Java, Indonesia, three populations from each region of Papua New Guinea (PNG and Queensland, Australia (QLD were selected and analyzed using 25 microsatellite markers. Statistical analysis showed that PNG populations have higher number of detected alleles and level of genetic diversity than QLD populations. This study provides a basic information about the genetic background of the populations used in the development of an A. mangium seed orchard in Indonesia.

  16. Analysis of Factors influence Non Performing Loan (NPL) at Go Public Bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, Vera Yohana

    2015-01-01

    This research entitled “Analysis of Factors influence Non Performing Loan (NPL) at Go Public Bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange”. This research aims to respond any questions about factors influence the Non Performing Loan at the go public bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange. The bad loan is always found in banking loan activity. Therefore the bank always minimizes the bad loan to fulfill the requirement of Central Bank as the bank supervisors. The bad loan is total debt loan plus the doubt loan an...

  17. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Oscario

    2013-09-01

    a double-edged sword. Advertising can become a mirror of reality, but it can also become a distorted mirror of reality. A similar case happens with Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, which was released early in 2012 by the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. The television commercial is considered to have distorted the image of Indonesia in the world by displaying only the culture, society, and nature of Java and Bali. Meanwhile, the other Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, Feeling is Believing, which was launched by Indonesia Tourism Board in 2012 considered to have become quite successful framing the beauty, and diversity of the cultures, communities, regions, and natures of Indonesia. Learning from the mistakes, and considering the importance of an image, the future Wonderful Indonesia television commercial should be dealt more carefully. The image that is proper to represent Indonesia, the visual signifier should reflect the intended signified precisely.

  18. Country report INDONESIA - MFS II EVALUATIONS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klaver, D.C.; Kusters, C.S.L.; Pradhan, M.; Vigh, M.; Groot Bruinderink, M.; Rossum, van I.; Böhnke, L.; Wallaart, K.; Malamas, S.; Berkhout, E.; Ni Wayan Suriasatini,; Sikoki, B.; Ginting, M.B.; Mulia, M.; Ningsih, K.; Pujiastuti, S.; Dwi Andari, B.; Suprobo, N.; Priyahita, W.; Sihombing, R.R.; Rokhmatulloh, S.W.; Rosita, I.; Wieriks, M.; Smidt, H.; Nugroho, K.; Prasetyo, K.; Larastiti, C.; Amir, S.; Sutikno,

    2015-01-01

    This report on Indonesia is one of a series of evaluation reports, consisting of ten reports in total, reflecting the results of the jointly-organised MFS II evaluation: - eight country reports (India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Uganda, Indonesia, DR Congo, Liberia, Pakistan); - a synthesis report (cover

  19. Report on Fulbright Summer Seminar on Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christenson, Charles Elroy

    This resource packet was compiled by a participant in the Fulbright Summer Seminar on Indonesia. The materials provide information for teaching about the diaspora of Hinduism and Islamic beliefs throughout the southeast Asia archipelagoes and their influence on art and culture. The handouts supplement information on Indonesia as part of an Asian…

  20. STRATEGI PEMASARAN GLOBAL DI PASAR INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Freddy P. Simbolon

    2013-01-01

    Globalisasi merupakan sebuah tantangan baru bagi perusahaan dalam penerapan strategi pemasaran. Karena dengan adanya globalisasi, perusahaan dituntut untuk bersaing dengan perusahaan-perusahaan kelas dunia yang memiliki modal besar dan produk yang lebih berkualitas. Saat ini Indonesia menjadi target pasar bagi perusahaan-perusahaan global untuk menikmati keuntungan besar, sedangkan perusahaan Indonesia kalah dalam persaingan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan strategi pem...

  1. Rickettsia felis in Xenopsylla cheopis, Java, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Ju; Soeatmadji, Djoko W.; Henry, Katherine M; Ratiwayanto, Sutanti; Michael J. Bangs; Richards, Allen L.

    2006-01-01

    Rickettsia typhi and R. felis, etiologic agents of murine typhus and fleaborne spotted fever, respectively, were detected in Oriental rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) collected from rodents and shrews in Java, Indonesia. We describe the first evidence of R. felis in Indonesia and naturally occurring R. felis in Oriental rat fleas.

  2. MODEL PREDIKSI KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD BERDASARKAN FAKTOR IKLIM DI KOTA BOGOR, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jusniar Ariati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractDengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF presents a serious health problem in Indonesia. Dengue viruses are transmitted to human through the biting of infected mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus.The occurrence of variation and climate change will Affect the growth areas of mosquitoes. This situation can influence on the emergence of dengue fever cases. In this paper will discuss the predictions of the mathematical model of considering the incidence of DHF with climatic factors. The research design was a retrospective study with the data collected is dengue incidence and climate include temperature, rainfall, humidity and rainy days since 2002-2010. Data analysis was performed using Minitab 16.0 software statistical time series. The results showed that R2 varied between 0.65 to 0.99. The highest R2 value of the regression equation obtained in August, September and October is 0.99 and the lowest in April with a R2 value of 0.65. The results of predictions based on 4 predictors (precipitation, rainy days, temperature and humidity with the incidence of DHF is actually not much different, except in April. It can be concluded that according to linear predictive models of dengue is influenced by climatic factors (precipitation, rainy days, temperature and humidity 2 months before and 1 month prior dengue incidence.Keywords : Dhf, Climate, Prediction ModelAbstrakDemam Berdarah Dengue (DBD merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di Indonesia. Aedes aegyptisebagai vektor utama penyakit DD/DBD kehidupannya dipengaruhi oleh faktor iklim, diantaranya suhu, kelembaban udara, curah hujan dan hari hujan. Berbagai upaya pengendalian  telah   dilakukan  namun  belum   menurunkan  jumlah  kasus  secara  signifikan, sehingga diperlukan model untuk memprediksi kejadian DBD di suatu wilayah sehingga kejadiannya dapat diantisipasi. Dalam tulisan ini akan membahas model matematika prediksi kejadian DBD dengan mempertimbangkan faktor iklim

  3. PENGARUH PERILAKU ISLAMI TERHADAP KONDISI EMOSI REMAJA YANG TINGGAL DI LAPAS KUTOARJO JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Muhammad Diponegoro

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A  number  of  researchers  have  found  that  adolescents  who  score  high  on  measures  of spirituality  or  religiosity  are  less  likely  than  their  peers  to  engage  in  violent  or  other antisocial  behavior  (Benda  &  Corwyn,  2002.  This  research  explores  selected  spiritual factors (Islamic behavior that research has indicated may play an important protective role in  strengthening  resilience  in  young  people  and  minimizing  at-risk  behavior  that  may  be associated with school violence in Indonesia. Islamic behavior and manners are supposed to be  derived  from  the  Qur'an  and  sunnah.  In  this  research,  we  review  the  professional literature  regarding  selected  Islamic  tenet  as  they  pertain  to  adolescents  and  at-risk behavior  and  consider  these  factors  might  be  useful  in  the  prevention  of  youth  violence  in Indonesia. We use these factors to treat the adolescents from, who were sentenced more than 3  months  in  Kutoarjo  adolescents’  prison.  The  subjects  were  30  adolescents  who  were approximately  at  the  same  age.  Result:  there  was  the  important  role  of  Islamic  behavior toward youth emotion in prison. Key words: Islamic behavior, emotion, juvenile prison

  4. AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN AND CALORIE CONSUMPTION IN CENTRAL JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Widarjono

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study analyses calorie and protein consumption in Central Java Province. The calorie and protein elasticity are derived from demand elasticity of the ten food groups encompassing cereals, fish, meats, eggs and milk, vegetables, fruits, oil and fats, prepared foods and drinks, other foods and tobacco products. Most of calorie and protein-price elasticity of the ten food group are negative. Consumption of calorie and protein are most responsive to prices of eggs and milk. Protein -price elasticities are less elastic than calorie-price elasticities. Calorie and protein-income elasticity are positive and become lesselastic in moving from lower to higher income households but protein is less responsive to income change than calorie. Keywords: QUAIDS, demand elasticity, nutrient elasticity, Central Java ProvinceJEL Classification numbers: D12, O12AbstrakStudi ini menganlisis konsumsi kalori dan protein di Jawa Tengah. Elastisitas kalori dan protein dihitung dari elastisitas permintaan dari 10 kelompok komoditi makanan yang terdiri dari padi-padian, ikan, daging, telur dan susu, sayur-sayuran, buah-buahan, minyak dan lemak, makanan dan minumun jadi, makanan lainnya dan tembakau dan hasilnya. Sebagian besar elastisitas harga kalori dan protein adalah negatif. Konsumsi kalori dan protein adalah kelompok makanan yang paling responsif terhadap perubahan harga telur dan susu. Elastisitas pendapatan kalori dan protein adalah positif tetapi menjadi lebih elastis untuk rumah tangga berpenghasilan lebih tinggi tetapi protein kurang responsif terhadap perubahan pendapatan daripada kalori.Keywords: QUAIDS, elastisitas permintaan, elastisitas nutrisi, Jawa TengahJEL Classification numbers: D12, O12

  5. Shia: Its History and Development in Indonesia

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    Moh Hasyim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Shiah becomes a new problem in Indonesia after hundreds years of living together. Currently, treatment to Shiah tends to violate the principles of religious freedom. Therefore, it is necessary to know, how the history of the emergence of Shiah and its development in Indonesia? This is a library research using a critical analysis approach. This study found that the Syiah is a religious ideology which refers to the views of Saidina Ali (the fourth khalifat and his descendants. This teaching emerged since the beginning of the khulafaurasidin. Shiah has developed dozens of religiousstreams due to disagreement and differences on the idea of Imamah. There are four stages of Shiah development in Indonesia, namely: Firstly, along with the arrival of Islam in Indonesia; Secondly, after the Islamic revolution in Iran; Thirdly, through Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals who studied in Iran, and Finally,  during the open era there was an establishment of as association Jamaah Ahlul Bai’t Indonesia.

  6. DINAMIKA PERKEMBANGAN PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

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    Ali Syukron

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia merupakan suatu perwujudan dari permintaan masyarakat yang membutuhkan suatu sistem perbankan alternatif yang selain menyediakan jasa perbankan/keuangan yang sehat, juga memenuhi prinsip-prinsip syariah. Tulisan ini mencoba mereview bagaimana perjalanan dan perkembangan bank syariah di Indonesia serta dibandingkan dengan beberapa Negara muslim lainnya. Secara umum, kebijakan pengembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia belum mencapai target yang ideal yang direncanakan. Berdasarkan Global Islamic Financial Report (GIFR tahun 2014, Indonesia menduduki urutan ketujuh turun tiga peringkat yang sempat menempati urutan keempat pada tahun 2011. Sebagai negara yang memiliki potensi dan kondusif dalam pengembangan industri keuangan syariah setelah Iran, Malaysia dan Saudi Arabia. Dengan melihat beberapa aspek dalam penghitungan indeks, seperti jumlah bank syariah, jumlah lembaga keuangan non-bank syariah, maupun ukuran aset keuangan syariah yang memiliki bobot terbesar, dapat dikatakan perkembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia berjalan di tempat, bahkan belum menunjukkan perkembangan yang signifikan dari tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

  7. PERAN DESENTRALISASI FISKAL TERHADAP KINERJA EKONOMI DI KABUPATEN/KOTA PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Hadi Sasana

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is intended to examine the influence of fiscal decentralization on economic growth, poverty, employment, and welfare at regencies/municipalities level in Central Java Province. Research population consist of 29 regencies and 6 municipalities, employing secondary data from Central Bureau of Statistic of Central Java Province and regencies/municipalities level in Central Java Province within the period of 2001 up to 2005. Data analysis is conducted by using path analysis with AMOS program software. The results of this study indicate that, first fiscal decentralization has a positive and significant effect on economic growth. Second, economic growth has a positive and significant effect on employment rate. Third, economic growth has a negative and significant effect on poverty. Forth, economic growth has a positive and significant effect on welfare. Fifth, employment rate has a negative and significant effect on welfare. Sixth, poverty has a negative and significant effect on welfare at regencies/municipalities level in Central Java Province.

  8. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

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    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration to support the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development in realizing the vision of Indonesia are being developed nation. The main objective of this study is the first to analyze the role of the creative industries in Indonesia for labor, value added and productivity, secondly, to analyze the performance trend of the creative industries sector, and third, to analyze the factors affecting the performance of the creative industries sector in Indonesia. Under Indonesia Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC and codes 151-372 (manufacturing industries category identified 18 industry groups belonging to the creative industries, showed that the performance of the national creative industries has been relatively high (in terms of trend analysis of the performance of the industrial creative. Furthermore, regression analysis of panel data (econometrics indicates that company size (SIZE, wages for workers (WAGE and the content of local inputs (LOCAL has a significant impact on the performance of Indonesia's creative industry. Meanwhile, the concentration ratio (CR4 no consequences but have koresi significantly positive effect on the performance of Indonesia’s creative industry.

  9. POLA PENYAKIT SEBAB KEMATIAN DI JAWA - BALI BERDASARKAN SURVEI KESEHATAN RUMAH TANGGA 1995

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    Sarimawar Djaja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia, the National Household Health Survey (SKRT is still the main source of information on causes of death, which is now integrated with the National Socio Economic Survey (Susenas. The SKRT uses technique of verbal autopsy with open questions then classifies the diseases using ICD 10. There were 1719 cases obtained with 97,8% response rate of deaths reported by Susenas to the SKRT. Eventhough there are some limitations, the 1995 SKRT using proportion analysis is able to show the pattern of cause of death. The pattern in Java-Bali shows the current trend of epidemiologic transition - the changing pattern of infectious diseases towards degenerative diseases. For the first time the 1995 SKRT reveals the replacement of dominant infectious diseases by circulatory (cardio as well as cerebrovascular diseases. The SKRT observation in the period of 1980 -1995 shows that the transition has happened with rapid trend compared to the England and Wales experience. Yet infectious diseases are still the important cause of death particularly among young age groups and population in the rural areas. Circulatory diseases do not affect only the old age groups but the productive age groups as well. The circulatory diseases can not be disregarded in the rural areas. This condition affects both sexes male and female. Maternal together with perinatal diseases are still quite substantial causes of death.

  10. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI SUSTAINABILITAS PERTUMBUHAN FINANSIAL LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO DI JAWA TIMUR

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    Siti Sundari

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the monetary crisis in 1998, Indonesia's economy has not fully recovered as indicated by slow economic growth which has not reached yet 8% each year. These conditions load to growing number of unemployed and hence create many demand from the large number of micro enterprise for loan. There were about 50 million micro entrepreneurs which was served only by 56 thousand units of MFIs (Microfinance Institution. This fact intrigued a deep comprehensive analysis at supply side, i.e. the MFIs. The analysis was to study factors that inhibit the sustainability growth of MFIs in order to increase the number of micro business loans. The research was located in East Java province due to the fact that more than 70% MFIs located in Java island and the largest MFIs is in East Java. The samples were obtained by purposive sampling technique and then analysed using descriptive statistics, ordinal logistic regression and biplot. The result proved that the factors which significantly influence the growth of financial sustainability were Regulation, Institutions, Efficiency, CAR (Capital Adequacy Ratio, ROE (Return on Equity, ROA (Return on Asset, LDR (Loan to Deposit Ratio, loan, NPL (Non Performing Loan, HRD (Human Resources Development and Interest rates. While the factors that did not have significant effect were competition and income per capita.Keyword : Microfinance Institutions (MFIs, Performance Analyze, Financial Sustainability, Ordinal Logistic Regression

  11. POTENSI USAHATANI MELATI RATOH EBUH SEBAGAI KOMODITI UNGGULAN DAERAH DI JAWA TIMUR

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    Novi Diana Badrut Tamami

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Bangkalan’s jasmine is popularas ‘Ratoh Ebuhjasmine had been promoted as prime commodity and most produced in Burneh district with 50 acres harvest area and the productivity is 0,34 kg/m2. The increasing of population in Indonesia, become a great market of jasmine commodity, beside that, an export opportunity is also opened for this flower. But the farmer of jasmine cannot supply the market need. The aim of this study is to show the cash flow analysis and financial feasibility study of ‘Ratoh Ebuh’ jasmine’s farm enterprises to influence the farmer to invest in this farming enterprises, that able to rise the benefit of the jasmine farmers. Based on research, the total cost of jasmine farm enterprise is Rp.173.705.525 per acre for 4 years . The total net benefit that able to reach by the farmer is Rp. 241.207.140. This farm enterprise need 1 year, 2 months and 2 weeks to returns the total of capitals. Based on the evaluation of the feasibility level, the project is feasible to operated. The NPV value is Rp. 155.075.617 with the value of OCC is 12%. The IRR value is 77% and the ratio of net B/C is 4,4.

  12. Ritual Pengikut Tarekat Shâdhilîyah di Tambak Beras, Jombang-Jawa Timur

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    Abdullah Safik

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to phenomenologically examines the existence of the Shâdhilîyah tarekat supervised by KH. Djamaluddin in Tambak Beras, Jombang. The Shâdhîlîyah tarekat, that had been initiated by Abû Hasan al-Shâdhilî, is an exceptional and consistent in holding and practicing its tawhid principle as well as dhikr rituals. In Indonesia, this tarekat has rapidly evolved. One of its murshid is KH. Abdul Jalil Mustaqim in Tulungagung, the murshid to KH. Djamaluddin. The tarekat has two main doctrines, are: firstly, ‘ubûdîyah realm where its followers are obliged to phisically and mentally obey Allah swt and His messenger, i.e. the prophet Muhammad, in all their sayings and deeds. Secondly, mu‘âmalah aspect where each follower is taught to interact with other people and creatures only for the sake of Allah. It means that the tarekat is a medium of self approaching to Allah. One of special rites (khusûsîyah conducted by this tarekat is an every-Tuesday agenda where dhikr, tawassul, tahlîl, and tahmîd activities are held. Technically, a sâlik when s/he recites dhikr should be followed by breathing in which is concentrated in the navel and going on top through thoracic cavity and coming out through the mouth then retracting it back to tongue.

  13. EFEK LAKSATIF JUS DAUN ASAM JAWA (Tamarindus indica Linn. PADA TIKUS PUTIH YANG DIINDUKSI DENGAN GAMBIR

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    Dian Sundari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Plants tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn. known to the public as a shade tree and is found in almost all parts of Indonesia. The leaves are called "sinom" in the Java language is also used as a vegetable and medicine Empirically Java acid is used as a remedy gout, ulcers, boils, laxative, fever, menstrual facilitator, inflammation. Laxative effect has been studied (laxative leaf juice tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn. Intestinal transit method and experimental animals used white rats. The dose tested was 3 doses of juice that is 20%, 40% and 60%, which is given orally. For purposes of comparison (positive control is the granting of four Dulcolax ml/200 g bw., While distilled water as negative control. Two days before the experiment is done, all rats were induced constipation with gambier extract 3 g / kg bw. The experimental results showed that the average ratio of intestinal length traversed by charcoal proanalisa Java acidic juice dose group 60%, 40%, 20%; Dulcolax and distilled water, respectively 49.86%, 60.2%, 18.34%, 75.22% and 2.01%. Showed statistically tamarind juice at doses of 40% has laxative properties, but smaller than the Dulcolax.   Keywords: laxative, white mice, Tamarindus indica Linn., leaves, tamarindjuice

  14. Subduction Initiation in Eastern Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, R.

    2014-12-01

    Subduction is often reported to be difficult to initiate, yet in the West Pacific and Eastern Indonesia there are many young subduction zones. Few theoretical or modelling studies consider such settings in which subduction commonly began close to boundaries between ocean crust and thickened crust of arc or continental origin. In Eastern Indonesia there are subduction zones at different stages of development. Some young examples such as the Banda Arc developed by propagation of an existing trench into a new area by tearing, probably along an ocean-continent boundary. This 'solves' the problem since the older subducted slab provides the driving force to drag down unsubducted ocean lithosphere. However, similar explanations cannot account for other subduction zones, such as North Sulawesi, nearby examples in which the subducted slab is not yet at 100 km depth, or troughs where subduction appears to be beginning. These examples show that subduction initiated at a point, such as a corner in an ocean basin, where there were very great differences in elevation between land and adjacent ocean floor. Depression of ocean crust by flow of arc/continent crust is associated with granitic magmatism and detachments within the upper crust. Once the oceanic corner reaches depths of c.100 km, eclogite formation may lead to slab pull that causes the new subduction zone to grow in both directions along strike; arc magmatism may or may not begin. The close relationship between subduction and extension in Eastern Indonesia links dramatic elevation of land, exhumation of deep crust, and spectacular subsidence of basins imaged by oil exploration seismic and multibeam data. Exhumed granites and high-grade metamorphic rocks at elevations up to 3 km, separated by Neogene alluvial sediments from carbonate reefs now at depths of 2 kilometres, imply vertical movements of several kilometres in a few million years. These observations raise the question of whether subduction is driving extension

  15. Indonesian Achievement [Country report: Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1996 Indonesia has produced 99Mo from HEU fission product mainly for domestic consumption. Due to limited and restricted raw material of HEU, Indonesia has a conversion program from HEU to LEU for producing 99Mo from LEU foil target. The substitution of low enriched uranium (LEU) metal foils for the HEU UO2 used in current target designs will be applied for production of 99Mo commercially. Batan has had a joint research project with ANL to develop LEU-metal-foil target fabrication since 1992. Many achievements have resulted from the experiments. Design target has undergone several changes in design, materials and wrapping of LEU foil targets. ANL has developed several of LEU target design and fabrication, and has demonstrated Radio Metallurgy Installation hot cell in Batan for disassembly process to take out LEU foil from the target after being irradiated in the RSG-GAS BATAN reactor. Installed power of RSG-GAS is 30 MW but operational power is 15 MW. LEU foil targets were irradiated in CIP of RSG-GAS with thermal neutron flux 2.4x1014n cm-2s-1. Chemical processing was conducted in Isotope Production Centre hot cell for producing 99Mo which will be used to produce 99mTc generator. Batan has a license to use the process from US DOE. The experiment was terminated temporarily in 2001 due to September eleven accident. In 2004, cooperation between the ANL and BATAN was continued. In November 2005, ANL provided training on LEU target assembly to BATAN by simulation of Cu-foil as LEU foil. Then BATAN personnel demonstrated reassembly of 2 ANL LEU targets to replace Zn and Al foil barrier with Ni foil barrier in January 2006. In 2006, Indonesia began to manufacture foil targets using depleted uranium following the procedures established by ANL

  16. RICKETTSIAL DISEASES: RISK FOR INDONESIA

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    Allen L. Richards

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Penyakit Rickettsia bersifat endemik hampir di seluruh bagian dunia, dan begitu juga di Indonesia. Termasuk dalam penyakit-penyakit rickettsia adalah tifus epidemik, tifus murine, "scrub typhus," dan "spotted fever." Tifus epidemik, yang ditularkan kepada manusia melalui tuma pada tubuh manusia, dan dapat menyebabkan sakit berat dan kematian.   Tifus murine (tifus endemik, bersumber pada pinjal hewan, merupakan penyakit yang mirip tifus epidemik, tetapi dengan gejala-gejala yang lebih ringan dan jarang menyebabkan kematian. "Scrub typhus", merupakan penyakit yang dapat ringan sampai berat dan dapat membahayakan hidup, ditularkan kepada manusia melalui gigitan tungau yang belum dewasa yang dikenal sebagai "chigger". "Spotted fever: (demam yang disertai dengan bintik-bentik pada kulit, disebabkan karena terinfeksi oleh salah satu dari berbagai spesies rickettsia dari kelompok "spotted fever", dan ditularkan kepada manusia oleh pejamu (hospes vertebrata melalui gigitan caplak (tick yang terinfeksi. Penyakit yang disebabkan oleh organisma yang menyerupai rickettsia (rickettsia-like organism adalah: "Q fever", yaitu penyakit yang akut atau kronis yang diduga ditularkan secara alamiah akibat terhirup oleh partikel udara yang terinfeksi Coxiella burnetti sejenis bakteri yang sangat resisten terhadap upaya menonaktifkannya secara kimiawi dan fisik. Bartonellosis atau penyakit Carrion, ditemukan pada daerah dengan ketinggian sedang di Andes, Amerika Selatan. Penyakit ini ditularkan oleh lalat pasir (sand flies. "Trench fever", mirip dengan tifus epidemik, ditularkan kepada manusia oleh tuma; penyakit ini sembuh sendiri. Penyakit garutan kucing (Cat-scratch disease, disebabkan oleh infeksi Bartonella henselae di tempat gigitan atau garutan kucing rumah yang merupakan hospes. Demam sennetsu, merupakan penyakit yang dapat sembuh sendiri dan hanya ditemukan di Jepang dan Malaysia. Pengobatan dengan tetrasiklin atau kloramfenikol untuk penyakit Rickettsia

  17. Safeguarding Water Contracts in Indonesia

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    Mohamad Mova Al Afghani

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The provision of water and sewerage services has been in the public sector for thousands of years. However, the trend towards privatising these basic services has recently been growing. When dealing with Multinational Corporations (MNCs, governments face risks in the form of legal asymmetries. This paper explains the theory and practice of water privatisation in Indonesia. It analyses the legal anatomy of privatisation, from the regulatory to the contractual levels. It attempts to highlight important issues and risks that governments and other stakeholders need to focus on when dealing with privatisation.

  18. PENGARUH KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN INDUSTRI DI KAWASAN INDUSTRI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Amin Pujiati

    2012-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the influence of the knowledge spillovers on the industry growth inCentral Java. It uses district-level data on two digit International Standard Industrial Classification of AllEconomic Activities (ISIC) and supplied by the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics in 2001 and 2006.The tools of the analysis used multiple regression model with Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method.The regression result shows that Specialization negatively influences of the industry gro...

  19. Pola Usaha Peternakan Kambing dan Kinerja Produktivitasnya di Wilayah Eks-Karesidenen Banyumas Jawa-Tengah

    OpenAIRE

    Akhmad Sodiq

    2010-01-01

    Goat farming pattern and their productivity in the area of eks-karesidenan banyumas, central java ABSTRACT. Goats play an important role in the livelihood of rural people in upland and lowland farming systems in the areas of Eks-Karesidenan Banyumas Central Java. The main focus of this study presented in this paper, consist of (i) documenting the regional goat farming pattern, and (ii) find out the level of goat productivity in their farming. Importance of this study related to the develo...

  20. MODEL PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN BAHASA INGGRIS UNTUK GURU SMK RSBI DI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Widiyanto Widiyanto

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find a model in improving RSBI vocational schools teachers’ English skills in Central Java. This study used research and development(R &D) design developed by Borg & Galland. It was a qualitative research; data were collected by interviews, questionnaires and observations to get the primary and secondary data. The study was located in Central Java focusing on RSBI Teachers’ English Skills. The benefit of the research was to provide an alternative in im...

  1. MORTALITAS DAN MORBIDITAS CEDERA PADA ANAK DI KABUPATEN PROBOLINGGO DAN TULUNGAGUNG-JAWA TIMUR 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuslely Usman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Indonesia, births and deaths are seldom recorded, making basic health indices such as causes and rates of death difficult to know with any real degree of certainty. However, basic data available from National Institute of Health Research and Development-Ministry of Health Indonesia that namely Health National Survey (SURKESNAS shows thirty three percent of people 12-24 years and thirteen percent of people 5-14 years are death due to injury, probability peoples 5-24 year of injury in male is five times from injury female. From this survey the risk factor and hazard of injury did not know. Drowning survey conducted (2003 in 0--5 years (balita shows 0. 7 per 1000 population in rural area and 2.6 per 1000 population in urban area. Knowmg the environmental hazard and risk factor is important thing to make the preventive and awareness of safety and risk avoidance. This survey is conducting on two district in East Java, Probolinggoand Tulung Agung. Research methodology: Two districts was selected according UNICEF project area, namely Tulung Agung District and Probolinggo District. Estimation of total sample was 10,000 HH in each District. Using cluster Proportional Probability to Size (PPS sampling were randomly sub-district and village in rural and urban area. All house hold was in the selected village was selected for sample. A house hold member was defined as a member living in the same house, sharing meal and information, for six month, including domestic helpers, long-term guest etch. Results: In the survey a total number of 784 deaths were identified in the preceding three years, in Tulung Agung District were 411 deaths and 373 in Probolinggo District. In the survey a total number of 304 deaths were identified in the preceding one year. In TulungAgung District were 163 deaths and 139 in Probolinggo District. In this survey, injury accounted for 21% of all classifiable deaths in children aged 1-17 years. Injury caused 5% of infant

  2. PENGENALAN MODEL KEBUN SAYUR SEKOLAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KONSUMSI SAYURAN BAGI PARA SISWA DI KEDIRI - JAWA TIMUR

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    Evy Latifah

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sebagian penduduk mengkonsumsi buah-buahan dan sayuran lebih rendah dari yang direkomendasikan oleh Organisasi Pangan dan Pertanian (FAO. Pada tahun 2005, tingkat konsumsi sayur di Indonesia hanya 35.30 kg/kapita/tahun. Kemudian pada tahun 2006, konsumsi sayuran sedikit menurun menjadi 34.06 kg/kapita/tahun. Berdasarkan hasil kajian Badan Litbang Pertanian, Kementerian Pertanian pada Maret 2013 lalu, tingkat konsumsi buah per kapita hanya 34,55 kg/tahun, sedangkan tingkat konsumsi sayuran per kapita 40,35 kg/tahun. Jika dibandingkan dengan konsumsi buah dan sayur per kapita warga Singapura dan Vietnam melebihi 100 kg/tahun. Konsumsi sayuran perlu ditingkatkan untuk mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap beras. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam rangka mempromosikan peningkatan konsumsi sayur bagi siswa melalui model kebun sayur sekolah. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMK Negeri Plosoklaten selama 2012. Sepuluh jenis sayuran ditanam di lahan seluas 36 m2. Pola tanam diatur sedemikian rupa sehingga sayuran dapat dipanen hampir setiap hari. Siswa terlibat dalam pemeliharaan tanaman sayuran sebagai latihan bercocok tanam sayur. Setiap panen sayuran direkap dan kandungan gizinya dihitung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa total panen berbagai macam sayuran ialah 249.6 kg, yang setara dengan 683.8 gram per hari. Jika sebuah keluarga memiliki empat anggota, masing-masing orang akan mengkonsumsi sayur 171g per hari. Hal ini memenuhi 43% dari rekomendasi WHO untuk konsumsi buah-buahan dan sayuran. Dengan kata lain, konsumsi sayuran telah mencapai 85%. Dengan demikian, sayuran di lahan seluas 36 m2 telah mampu memenuhi konsumsi sayur sehari-hari. Hal ini menunjukkan pemenuhan asupan gizi harian untuk beberapa vitamin dan mikro-nutrisi. ABSTRACT According to Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesian people consume horticultural products especially fruits and vegetables, are still lower than that of recommended by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO

  3. Nuclear power program in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear program in Indonesia is derived from the long-range national development plan. The main aim of this plan is to realize a just and prosperous society within a united and democratic nation, and to contribute to world peace. A research and development infrastructure is being developed to establish the necessary technological foundations, to train technical personnel, and to develop the capacity for technical adaptation and innovation. BATAN, the National Atomic Energy Agency, is responsible for nuclear R and D, and also has a regulatory function and implements the national nuclear program. The author describes the functions of the eight BATAN laboratories, and surveys the energy resources available to Indonesia. In the ten years preceding 1983 electric energy consumption increased at a rate of 12.4 percent per year. It is projected that an electric capacity of 42,000 MW(e) will be required in the year 2003. The nuclear contribution could be around 10 percent. The decision to adopt nuclear power generation depends, among other factors, on financial considerations, the perception that nuclear power would perpetuate the dependence on developed nations, and safety concerns

  4. PENGETAHUAN DAN KEBUTUHAN PELAYANAN INFORMASI KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA DI BEBERAPA KOTA BESAR DI JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paiman Soeparmanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Adolescent is the candidate of fertile age couple that will create a family. Knowledge, attitude and behavior of their reproduction at the present will influence the family forms in the future. Adolescent as the candidate of fertile life. The phase of adolescent is signed by the maturity of reproduction instruments. The appear of sexual supporting and curiosity to this age phase needs guidance so can be controlled an does not make a problem that can harm the life of their reproduction next time. The purpose of this study was to observe the level of knowledge, attitude and emotion of adolescent and the health sevices need of adolescent reproduction at some big towns in Indonesia such as, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Surabaya. The sample of this study was 786 students of SMU, SLTP and children who did not get school in the age of 14 until 18 years old. The data was gathered with the questionaire and discussion of directed group. The data analysis was done by compare test with score description on the average and standard cross sectional, percentage and synthetic. The result obtained that showed the adolescent's knowledge about the aspect of reproduction mature sign and infected diseases still about 52-56% whoanswered the questioner correctly and maturity of adolescent's emotion was relative low. The adolescent who was actively be boy and gilrfriends at this study amount 41.1% and begin to be boy and girlfriend amount about 13-14 years old. The way of giving health information of reproduction that is expected by the adolescent namely discussion, hot line service (phone, conseling through the letter and medium such as booklet, leafleat, brochure and poster. The pepople that are expected giving information service to the adolescent is their friend of the same age, teacher, profesional institution, parents and doctor/midwife. The expected material is moral values, law, religion, adolescent development, adolescent intercourse, the health sexual behavior

  5. Animasi Indonesia (Tinjauan Singkat Perkembangan Animasi Indonesia dalam Konteks Animasi Dunia)

    OpenAIRE

    Arik Kurnianto

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the development of animated films in Indonesia based on historical studies to determine simultaneously mapping the history Indonesia in the context of world/global animation history. This study also examines the relationship between the histories of Indonesiananimated films with history first entry of the film in Indonesia which began the Dutch colonial era. According to Stephen Cavalier, the world history of animation was divided into five large round ...

  6. Analisis Framing Pemberitaan Metro TV Mengenai Kasus Ambalat dan Dampaknya bagi Hub. Bilateral Indonesia dengan Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Husain

    2012-01-01

    This research discusses about what the agendas and that the effects of Metro TV's News of teritory conflict of Ambalat in context of the bilateral relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia. Metro TV also makes a moral judgement which can encourage Indonesia to save their rights and wealth from Malaysia's claims. Therefore, the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia is getting disharmony, weather in political, socio-cultural or religious relationship.

  7. The production sharing contract in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic concept of production sharing is that the petroleum resource is owned and controlled by the host country while all cost and risk of exploration are borne by the contractor who is freely allowed to lift his share of petroleum. The first Production Sharing Contract (PSC) was established by the government of Indonesia in 1967 and has since become an accepted pattern for petroleum exploration and exploitation agreements between host governments and private oil companies in many developing countries in addition to Indonesia. The history of the PSC in Indonesia is briefly reviewed and a new incentive package and new contractual arrangements for gas developments are discussed. (UK)

  8. M-Commerce In Indonesia: Problems & Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Suyoto Indonesia

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a preliminary observation of the latest m-Commerce problems and prospects in Indonesia. Every year the Indonesian mobile market has grown, from 175.1 million subscribers in 2009 to 222.7 million in 2010 and then to more than 240 million subscribers by 2011. However, the fact is that the m-Commerce adoption in Indonesia has still been low and slow. Mobile commerce or commonly abbreviated as m-Commerce is still considered as something new in Indonesia. The purposes of this p...

  9. PEMERIKSAAN CACING ENDOPARASIT PADA TIKUS (Rattus spp. DI DESA CITEREUP KECAMATAN DAYEUH KOLOT, KABUPATEN BANDUNG JAWA BARAT 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ribia Tutstsintaiyn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIncidence of zoonotic disease, caused by endoparacitic helminth in rats. April 2013, in Citereup - DayeuhkolotBandung, West Java occurred outbreak rat bourne disease. Study of endoparasitic helminth in rats performed asan early warning effort, risk measurement and study of potential hazards. This type of research is descriptivequalitative approach. The data collected by trapping rats and identification rat species and identification of thepresence and type of endoparasites in internal organs. Trapping rats using 100 live traps during three days. Ratsspecies found in this study is Rattus tanezumi and Rattus norvegicus. Endoparasitic helminth identified speciesi.e. Taenia taeniaeformis in the liver, Hymenolepis diminuta in the stomach and intestines. On the intestinalNippostrongilus brassiliensis was also found. All worms were found in this study are zoonotic.Key words: rats, zoonotic, endoparacites helminthABSTRAKKejadian penyakit zoonosis bersumber dari tikus disebabkan oleh adanya endoparasit berupa cacing yang hiduppada tikus. Bulan April 2013, di Desa Citereup Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Baratterjadi Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB leptospirosis. Sebagai salah satu upaya kewaspadaan dini, pengukuranrisiko dan studi potensi bahaya kesehatan penyakit bersumber tikus, perlu di lakukan pemeriksaan endoparasitpada tikus. Jenis penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan denganpenangkapan dan identifikasi tikus, identifikasi keberadaan dan jenis endoparasit pada organ dalam, danidentifikasi spesies yang ditemukan. Penangkapan tikus selama tiga hari menggunakan 100 perangkap. Spesiestikus yang ditemukan Rattus tanezumi dan Rattus norvegicus. Jenis cacing endoparasit yang ditemukan padaorgan hati Taenia taeniaeformis, pada organ lambung dan usus Hymenolepis diminuta, dan Nippostrongilusbrassiliensis ditemukan pada organ usus. Cacing yang ditemukan dalam penelitian ini seluruhnya bersifatzoonosis

  10. HOW ISLAMIC PARTIES ORGANIZE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL IN POST-SUHARTO INDONESIA : An Empirical Study of Six Major Islamic Parties In The Tasikmalaya District, West Java Province

    OpenAIRE

    Sukmajati, Mada

    2011-01-01

    Many studies have explored the phenomena of Islamic parties in Indonesia, the largest predominantly Muslim country in the world. However, little effort has been made to explore the organizational structures of Islamic parties in post-Suharto Indonesia. The existing studies have also paid little attention to the role of Islamic parties at the regional level in the implementation of the decentralized system in terms of the relationship between the central and regional governments. This study i...

  11. Tropospheric O3 over Indonesia during biomass burning events measured with GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) and compared with trajectory analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wittrock, F.; Richter, A; J. Meyer-Arnek; Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, A.; Burrows, J.P.

    2005-01-01

    Tropospheric ozone columns of up to 50 DU were observed by GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) above Indonesia in September 1997, while only background amounts were measured in September 1998. The Traj.x trajectory model along with BRemen's Atmospheric PHOtochemical model (BRAPHO) were used to investigate the higher than average ozone columns above Indonesia. The transport analysis reveals that biomass burning over central Africa and northern Australia does not significantly influence o...

  12. 78 FR 11725 - WTO Dispute Settlement Proceeding Regarding Indonesia Importation of Horticultural Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    .... The legal instruments through which Indonesia imposes and administers these measures include but are... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE WTO Dispute Settlement Proceeding Regarding Indonesia Importation of Horticultural... the Republic of Indonesia (``Indonesia'') under the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World...

  13. FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN EKSKRESI YODIUM DALAM URIN DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Dhuta Widagdo; Djoko Kartono; Yusi Dwi Nurcahyani; M. Samsudin; Nur Ihsan

    2012-01-01

    Universal salt iodination (USI) is global policy for eliminating iodine deficiency disorder (IDD), and the content of iodine salt was 30-80 ppm. Survey 2003 show that 35% urine iodine excretion (UIE) of school children is was high, more than 300 µg/L, survey 2004 in Grobogan district in central Java by Department of Health show that UIE is was high to. The objective of the study is to conduct some factors that related with level of UIE in district of Grobogan, Central Java. Method: This study...

  14. Pembuatan Wiki Legenda Indonesia dengan Menggunakan CMS Mediawiki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adityo Roosdiono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah negara yang terdiri dari berbagai suku bangsa dan budaya. Salah satu bentuk kekayaan suku bangsa di Indonesia dapat dilihat dari banyaknya legenda yang tersebar di Indonesia. Hampir setiap daerah di Indonesia memiliki cerita rakyat yang kental dengan suasana mistik, budaya dan tradisi di daerah masing-masing.Sayangnya cerita rakyat ini jarang sekali diekspos sehingga tidak jarang warga negara Indonesia tidak tahu cerita sejarah yang ada di Indonesia.  Berdasarkan pemikiran itulah, perlu diadakannya sebuah Wiki legenda Indonesia terkait mitos dan sejarah di Indonesia.Wiki legenda Indonesia menggunakan teknologi CMS MediaWiki, yang telah digunakan oleh Wikipedia sendiri. MediaWiki ini akan dipakai sebagai model awal pembuatan Wiki legenda Indonesia sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai media penyimpanan cerita rakyat. Selain sebagai media penyimpanan, Wiki legenda Indonesia juga berfungsi sebagai media diskusi para peminat cerita rakyat yang ada di Indonesia. Sehingga kedepannya, cerita legenda di Indonesia mampu diketahui oleh seluruh masyarakat Indonesia pada khususnya, dan dunia pada umumnya.

  15. Interferensi Bahasa Daerah Terhadap Perkembangan Bahasa Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Irwan

    2006-01-01

    Bahasa Indonesia bersumber dari bahasa Melayu Riau yang mengalami perubahan dan perkembangan sitiap saat sesuai dengan perkembangan zaman. Bahasa Melayu Riau menjadi bahasa nasional dicetuskan pada tanggal 28 Oktober 1928 yang dikenal dengan Hari Sumpah Pemuda, oleh Irwan

  16. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    2013-01-01

    In Indonesia, no systematic study of Chinese FDI has been undertaken to date. This paper contributes to filling this research gap and analyses the current composition as well as the historical evolution of Chinese FDI in Indonesia, relying on a survey conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested...... enterprises supplemented with key informant interviews, available official statistics and secondary data. Considering the evolution of Chinese investments in Indonesia over time, investments have evolved from being individual and isolated projects to acquiring more systemic properties. Chinese companies have...... acquired a broader sectoral presence in Indonesia and Chinese invested companies in, e.g., extractive or manufacturing activities can increasingly rely on complementary Chinese investments in logistics, travel, finance, etc. Where the local development effects are concerned, a picture emerges where Chinese...

  17. 1992 Flores Region, Maumere, Indonesia Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — On December 12, 1992, a magnitude 7.5 Ms (USGS) earthquake at 05:29 UT occurred in the Flores, Indonesia, region producing a tsunami that reached shore in five...

  18. IMPORTANT PROTOZOAN PARASITES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srisasi Gandahusada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The most important protozoan parasites in Indonesia are the malaria parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Entamoeba histolytica. After the second world war the residual insecticides and effective antimalarial drugs were used in the control of malaria. After development of resistance among mosquitoes to insecticides, the Malaria Control Programme was switched over to the Malaria Eradication Programme. Malaria incidence dropped heavily. However, due to the quick development of vector resistance and financial limitations, malaria came back and so did the Malaria Control Programme. P. falciparum and P.vivax are the most common species in Indonesia. Important vectors are An. sundaicus, An. aconitus, An. maculatus, An. hyrcanus group, An. balabacensis, An. farauti etc. An. sundaicus and An. aconitus have developed resistance to DDT and Dieldrin in Java. In 1959 the Malaria Eradication Programme was started in Java, Bali and Lampung. In 1965 the API dropped to 0,15 per thousand. From 1966 onwards malaria transmission was on the increase, because spraying activities were slowed down, but dropped again from 1974 onwards by occasional residual house spraying with DDT or Fenitrothion, malaria surveillance and treatment of malaria cases, resulting in an API of 0.18 per thousand in 1987. At present malaria is not transmitted in Jakarta and in capitals of the provinces and kabupatens, except in Irian Jaya, Nusa Tenggara Timur and one or two other provinces, but it still exists in rural areas. The distribution of chloroquine resistant P.falciparum is patchy. Resistance is at the RI, RII and RUT levels. The main problems of malaria control are : the increasing development of resistance of the vector to insecticides, the change of An.aconitus from zoophili to anthropophili and from indoor to outdoor biting, the increasing resistance of P.falciparum to chloroquine, the shortage of skilled manpower and limitation of budget. In Indonesia many newborns with congenital

  19. Perilaku Impor Susu di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hastuti Pratiwi

    2016-06-01

    This paper analyzes the behaviour of milk import in Indonesia during 1985-2010. Using an Error Correction Model (ECM, it finds that in the long run, factors influencing the milk import are percapita income, domestic milk real price, and imported milk price. In the short run, the import is influenced by population size of more than 5-year old residents, real domestic price milk, real price of imported milk, and exchange rates. Variables that do not influence milk imports, both in the short run and in the long run, are national milk production, milk exports, population size of less than 5-year old residents, and the gonvernment policy on the deletion of milk imports.

  20. Plagiarism In English Language Theses In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Like Raskova Octaberlina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that plagiarism in Indonesia exists due to some reasons. The reasons range from the requirements on the part of the students to adhere to uniformity in terms of thesis format to failure on the part of the government to effectively enforce a regulation dealing with plagiarism. Anecdotal observations as a student in one Indonesian university will give color to the discussion throughout this article. A recommendation to subdue plagiarism in Indonesia will conclude the article.

  1. Plagiarism In English Language Theses In Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Like Raskova Octaberlina

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that plagiarism in Indonesia exists due to some reasons. The reasons range from the requirements on the part of the students to adhere to uniformity in terms of thesis format to failure on the part of the government to effectively enforce a regulation dealing with plagiarism. Anecdotal observations as a student in one Indonesian university will give color to the discussion throughout this article. A recommendation to subdue plagiarism in Indonesia will conclude the article.

  2. Mobility and Human Development in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses population movement in Indonesia within the broader contexts of human development. Human movement, voluntary and involuntary, is a reflection of the people initiatives and responses to the changing nature of society and economy. As a large archipelagic state, movement of people across the country, historically, has always an important dimension of social formation in Indonesia. The paper however focuses on movement of people in the last four decades. It aims to examine th...

  3. The innofusion of electronic banking in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Iman, Nofie

    2011-01-01

    Even though financial innovation plays an important role in the modern economy, surprisingly there have been few empirical literatures. In developing countries, electronic banking (e-banking), for example, received relatively little attention although has been deployed for years. Indonesia presents unique case of Asian tiger economies, especially after experiencing crisis, financial recession, and economic reform. This research address how e-banking being developed in Indonesia, how it diffus...

  4. A probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment for Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    N. Horspool; I. Pranantyo; J. Griffin; Latief, H.; Natawidjaja, D. H.; W. Kongko; Cipta, A.; B. Bustaman; S. D. Anugrah; Thio, H.K.

    2014-01-01

    Probabilistic hazard assessments are a fundamental tool for assessing the threats posed by hazards to communities and are important for underpinning evidence-based decision-making regarding risk mitigation activities. Indonesia has been the focus of intense tsunami risk mitigation efforts following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, but this has been largely concentrated on the Sunda Arc with little attention to other tsunami prone areas of the country such as eastern Indonesia....

  5. CHILD ABUSE, FENOMENA DAN KEBIJAKAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Suci Wulansari

    2012-01-01

    Research about child abuse in Indonesia done by United Nations Children's Funds (UNICEF) results a concerned condition. The same opinion is also declared by Indonesian Commission on Children Protection. The increasing number of child abuse in Indonesia is highlighted in international society. Child abuse causes many negative effects for physical, mental, and or sexual of children, that effect for the growth and development of child thus leads to rise the lost generation. Medical officers hope...

  6. Dynamics of small ruminant development in Central Java-Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gede Suparta Budisatria, I.

    2006-01-01

    Small ruminants are an important but neglected resource in developing countries. Small ruminant production systems are complex. The multiple goals related to small ruminants, combined with the complexity of their management, and the resources and social arrangements involved, make small ruminants ke

  7. Instrumental lahar monitoring at Merapi Volcano, Central Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavigne, F.; Thouret, J.-C.; Voight, B.; Young, K.; LaHusen, R.; Marso, J.; Suwa, H.; Sumaryono, A.; Sayudi, D.S.; Dejean, M.

    2000-01-01

    More than 50 volcanic debris flows or lahars were generated around Mt Merapi during the first rainy season following the nuees ardentes of 22 November 1994. The rainfalls that triggered the lahars were analyzed, using such instruments as weather radar and telemetered rain gauges. Lahar dynamics were also monitored, using new non-contact detection instrumentation installed on the slopes of the volcano. These devices include real-time seismic amplitude measurement (RSAM), seismic spectral amplitude measurement (SSAM) and acoustic flow monitoring (AFM) systems. Calibration of the various systems was accomplished by field measurements of flow velocities and discharge, contemporaneously with instrumental monitoring. The 1994–1995 lahars were relatively short events, their duration in the Boyong river commonly ranging between 30 min and 1 h 30 min. The great majority (90%) of the lahars was recognized at Kaliurang village between 13:00 and 17:30 h, due to the predominance of afternoon rainfalls. The observed mean velocity of lahar fronts ranged between 1.1 and 3.4 m/s, whereas the peak velocity of the flows varied from 11 to 15 m/s, under the Gardu Pandang viewpoint location at Kaliurang, to 8–10 m/s at a section 500 m downstream from this site. River slopes vary from 28 to 22 m/km at the two sites. Peak discharges recorded in various events ranged from 33 to 360 m3/s, with the maximum value of peak discharge 360 m3/s, on 20 May 1995. To improve the lahar warning system along Boyong river, some instrumental thresholds were proposed: large and potentially hazardous lahars may be detected by RSAM units exceeding 400, SSAM units exceeding 80 on the highest frequency band, or AFM values greater than 1500 mV on the low-gain, broad-band setting.

  8. ANALISIS EKSPOR IKAN TUNA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indriana - Yudiarosa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   Facing the  free trade era, Indonesia needs to reorganize its export strategies with not mainly depending on oil and gas sector only. In relation to this, tuna as Indonesia’s export commodity has plate an important role but presently Indonesia can only contribute 7% of the world tuna supply. Being one of the country which have unused tunas potensial  up to 53,7%, Indonesia’s opportunity to supply world market is the large. This studied was aimed at analyzing; factors influencing Indonesia’s tunas export; factors  influencing domestic supply of tunas; predicting tunas export in the next 5 years (2000 –2005 and study marketing strategies that effect Indonesia’s export of tuna. To analyze factors that influenced tunas export and domestic supply of tunas, simultan equation in the form of double logarithma with two stage least square (2SLS methods were used. Meanwhile, export development were analyzed with trend analysis and tunas export strategies with SWOT analysis. Result of this study showed that, tunas export price,  tunas export  tax, exchange rate and tunas export the previous year effected tunas export.Factors that influenced domestic tuna supplies were domestic prices of tunas and domestic supplies of tunas the previous year.       Tunas export prediction from 2000 – 2005 drawn from the trend analysis; shows an increase in export by average of 1.06%. Hopefully this will be followed by increase in tunas production by an average of 1.27%. Increase in tunas export must be supported by marketing strategies.Marketing strategies that can be carried out based on the SWOT analysis are improving infrastucture, transfer of technology for fleet and catch material, improvement in the quality and quantity of the product , marketing research and upgrading cooperation with importing countries.   Keywords: tuna fish, export

  9. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMBERIAN ASI DALAM SATU JAM PERTAMA SETELAH LAHIR DI KABUPATEN GARUT PROVINSI JAWA BARAT (ANALISIS SURVEI DATA DASAR PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PELAYANAN KESEHATAN NEONATAL ESENTIAL DI KABUPATEN GARUT JAWA BARAT, TAHUN 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Ii Solihah; Lindawati Lindawati; Bara Miradwiyana; Taufiqurrachman Taufiqurrachman; Suryati B.; Suryani Suryani; Wahyu Widagdo; Heni Nurhaeini

    2012-01-01

    Early Breastfeeding in one hour after delivery was useful either for the baby or mothers. The target of exclusive breastfeeding achievement in Indonesia is reached 80%,while the report in Garut District that described 640 responden that only a half of responden have known about initial of breast-feeding, However, initial breastfeeding depend on when the colostrum of breastfeeding released, The mother does not put the baby on her mother's chest for sucking the nipples/ The aims of this researc...

  10. Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    ahmad, fandi

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak Efektifitas Lubang Resapan Biopori Dalam Menekan Laju Aliran Permukaan, Dibawah bimbingan, Prof. Dr. Ir. Hasairin Zubair, M.S., dan Dr. Ir. Muhammad Nathan, M.Agr.Sc. Saat ini, berbagai cara telah dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kapasitas infiltrasi tanah, diantaranya melalui pembuatan biopori. Biopori atau lubang resapan, diyakini mampu memperlambat laju aliran air permukaan sehingga memperbesar peluang air untuk terinfiltrasi ke dalam tanah. Kemampuan biopori untuk meningkatkan ...

  11. Community-based sustainable rattan conservation: a case study in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    HAMZARI

    2011-01-01

    Department of Forestry, Faculty of Forestry, Tadulako University. Bumi Tadulako Tondo, JI. Soekarno Hatta km. 9, Palu 94118, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tel.: +62-451-422611–422355, Ext. 311, 313. Fax. +62-451-422844. email:

  12. PENGARUH KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN INDUSTRI DI KAWASAN INDUSTRI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Pujiati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to analyze the influence of the knowledge spillovers on the industry growth inCentral Java. It uses district-level data on two digit International Standard Industrial Classification of AllEconomic Activities (ISIC and supplied by the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics in 2001 and 2006.The tools of the analysis used multiple regression model with Ordinary Least Square (OLS method.The regression result shows that Specialization negatively influences of the industry growth. Theresult of this finding shows the opposite sign of Dynamic Externalities Marshall-Arrow-Romer (MAR andPorter theory .Diversity and competition have positive impact on the industry growth. This is apprppriateand support the Porter theory and deny the MAR theory which stated that the local monopoly willincrease the industry growth . The diversity of the result in district is positive. This result matches andconsisant with Jacobs theory of the industry diversity.Keywords: knowledge spillovers, dynamic externalities , industry growth.

  13. Indonesia - Accelerating Recovery in Uncertain Times : Brief for the Consultative Group in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2000-01-01

    The study reviews Indonesia's recovery so far, which in spite of only modest growth, is taking hold, and its base has expanded beyond consumption. With inflation under control, real wages are rising again, and poverty declined from a peak of over twenty three percent. The rapid export growth, and high oil prices were factors to offset capital outflows, thus, Indonesia's cushion of internat...

  14. PENGARUH HARGA BAWANG MERAH TERHADAP PRODUKSI BAWANG MERAH DI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Ade Pranata; Ahmad Takhlishul Umam

    2015-01-01

    Onion prices are fluctuating in Central Java, causing profits onion farmers uncertain. So that when the price drops causing the farmers had a loss and decrease cultivating intensity in the next season. The data in this study using quantitative data using OLS (Ordinary Least Square) with the classical assumption: multicoloniarity, autocorrelation, heteroscedasticity, and test for normality. The test equipment are using F-test, t test, and R2. From the test results of significance (F test) show...

  15. ALTERNATIF STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN EKSPOR MINYAK SAWIT INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Dradjat

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The development of palm oil export from 2000 to 2006 showed the competitiveness position of Indonesia in the world mar ket was fairly good. In order to increase the growth and values of palm oil export, the experts thought that the role of government as regulators and facilitators are very important.  The government became the main actor for the export development throuh de/regulation related to the palm oil commodity.  The objectives of actors could be achieved by combining strategies (i encrease capacity of Belawan and Dumai harbours, (ii reduction/elimination of loan repayment during grace period of revitalization program, (iii  human resource develeopment for both societies and workers with participative funding from Central Government, Local Government, and enterprises, (iv reduced cost and time in processing land sertification and Hak Guna Usaha (HGU, (v improved access for farmers to financial institution (bank, (vi the establishment of harbours in regions based on palm oil production in the region, and (viii the development of farm roads.      

  16. ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN KEBIJAKAN KELUARGA BERENCANA DI JAWA TIMUR, BALI DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Sri Budisuari

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The family of plan program were represent one of the effort protection problem of society where The family of plan program also is shares the in wrought in national development program and aim to to have a share to create economic prosperity, spiritual and cultural social resident of Indonesia, that the reachable good balance which ably the national produce. The national family of plan program in this time, just one from effort family of plan, namely the pregnancy separation with [gift/giving] intrauterine contraception device. The SDKI data 2002-2003 depict that 57% woman of status marry in this time hence contraception way of KB modern, 4% in traditional. Percentage of woman hence contraception storey; level from 50% in year 1991 become 57% in year 1997. Intrauterine device of which at most wear is injection 28%, pill 13%, intrauterine device the Gracious 6%. According to SDKI 1997 proportion drop out participant family of plan discontinuation rate is 24% reason of stop is 10% because side effects/reason of health, 6% because wish the pregnancy again, 3% because failure Intention of analysis. Methods: this analysis to descriptive of 1 to know the execution of serviceThe family of plan program in storey; level sub-province/town era decentralization with the possibility the happening of change of organization chart according to PP 8 year 2003, 2 to know influence of change organization chart BKKBN to service The family of plan program in storey; level province and sub-province. 3 to know the role and function stakeholder in execution policy of service The family of plan program method of research: represent the research eksploratif, which execute [at] 3 province: East Java, bali and Kalimantan Middle. Results: Result of research is execution and influence of service. The family of plan program in storey; level sub-province/town in province East Java, bali and kalimantan Middle, [at] era decentralization with the happening of change

  17. PESANTREN AND MODERNITY IN INDONESIA: MA’HAD ALY OF KUNINGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didin Nurul Rosidin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslims, pesantren that has thrived since the arrival of Islam to the shore of the archipelago is still out of the central field of the national educational system. As such, pesantren was and is forced to continually be aware with ongoing new educational developments in the country as the result of modernisation and globalisation. The foundation of Ma’had Aly is one of the ways taken by the pesantrens to response to the current developments within Muslim communities, to define or even maintain their central roles as well as to preserve their tradition in such a modernised and globalised Indonesia. By exploring the foundation of Ma’had Alys in Kuningan as a case study, this article closely elaborates how the pesantren world engages these processes both in their cirricular settings and practices and provides how it negotiates with the ongoing changes within its surrounding communities.

  18. Gambaran Pola Makan Suku Melayu Dan Suku Jawa Di Desa Selemak Kecamatan Hamparan Perak Kabupaten Deli Serdang Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Handayani, Irma

    2012-01-01

    Indonesia consists of the various of ethnic. Each ethnic has different culture each other. The culture is one of the factors which can affect the food pattern. Each food pattern can affect the health of human being. The objective of this study to determine a traditional food pattern on Malay and Java ethnic groups in Selemak Village, Hamparan Perak Sub district, Deli Serdang Regency for 2012. This study adopted descriptive survey, which is done on 80 families which consists of 41 Malay eth...

  19. CME credit systems in three developing countries: China, India and Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lewis A. Miller

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Two of the largest countries in the world, still developing nations, China and Indonesia, have now created national credit systems for continuing medical education (CME. A third, India, has tried but succeeded only on a state-by-state basis. This study tracks the development of CME/continuing professional development (CPD credit systems in these three major Asian countries, analyses the related administrative backgrounds and points to strengths and weaknesses of each system in terms of serving the goals of CME/CPD in impacting medical care systems. Methods. The authors researched national- and state-level government records to identify legal and regulatory data affecting CME in China, India and Indonesia. Information on current and future activities was gained from media reports. Results. In all three countries, CME/CPD systems evaluate physician continuing competence by counting credits or credit hours. Central health authorities in China and Indonesia have established national systems applying to all health professionals. In Indonesia, CME/CPD is mandatory for re-licensure; in China, it is necessary for career advancement and re-registration. An effort to develop mandatory CME requirements in India, for physicians only, failed because the central agency underwent a major overhaul. Nevertheless, 9 of 28 states in India have developed systems, all tied to re-registration. Discussion. A comparison of systems in the three countries shows that little attention has been paid to physician performance improvement or improved patient health outcomes. Needs assessments and outcomes measures are not regularly carried out. We did not find any evidence of programmes to train administrators or faculty in CME/CPD principles, with the possible exception of Indonesia. Suggestions are offered to CME system leaders and providers to help their counterparts in developing nations.

  20. International Uranium Resources Evaluation Project (IUREP) national favourability studies: Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indonesia is a country of south east Asia comprising a large island group extending east-west for over 3000 miles. The geology of Indonesia is fairly well known but is extremely complicated. Successive mountain movements took place around an ancient crustal area. The oldest, of Permian-Triassic age formed northeast Sumatra, northern Java and western Kalimantan. This was followed by the Sumatra orogenesis and finally in Cretaceous and Tertiary times the southern half of Java and the islands as far as New Guinea were formed. Geological studies tend to indicate that the most favourable uranium areas are likely to be in West Sumatra and West Kalimantan. Exploration by the Directorate of Survey and Geology of the National Atomic Energy Agency has been carried out on a small scale since 1961. Exploration concession have been granted to French, German and Japanese organisations. No uranium reserve or resource figures have ever been stated but small occurrences and radioactive anomalies have been found in West and South Sumatra, West and Central Kalimantan and in West Irian. Although the geology of some areas appears to be favourable, little success has attended exploration efforts to date and thus the Speculative Potential is noted as between 1,000 and 10,000 tonnes uranium. (author)

  1. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Ekonomi Makro Yang Mempengaruhi Investasi Sektor Transportasi Di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Christina, Merryana

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the influence of gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, and road infrastructure to transport sector investment in Indonesia. The analysis method used Ordinary Least Square (OLS). For the purpose of the research used secondary data from the 1985-2007 year time series data of gross domestic product (GDP) transport sector, inflation, road infrastructure, and domestic investment (PMDN) transport sector. Data obtained from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), journals,...

  2. The Role of Social and Psychological Factors on Entrepreneurial Intention among Islamic College Students in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Wahibur Rokhman; Forbis Ahamed

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the influence of social and psychological factors on entrepreneurial behaviour among students studying at Islamic college of Kudus, Central Java, Indonesia. Three hundred undergraduates that represent four faculties were selected using cluster-sampling technique for the investigation. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression technique were used to analyse data. Results revealed that both social factors such as family background, education system and social status and...

  3. FAKTOR INTRAPERSONAL, INTERPERSONAL, DAN KULTURAL PENDUKUNG EFEKTIVITAS KEPEMIMPINAN PEREMPUAN PENGUSAHA DARI EMPAT KELOMPOK ETNIS DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Frieda Mangunsong

    2009-01-01

    This is a research about effectiveness of businesswomen leadership in four different ethnic groups in Indonesia. The effectiveness is measured in a condition where the leadership is supported by several factors, such as intrapersonal skills, interpersonal skills and culture. The subjects of this research are 216 female leaders of business units that consist of at least 10 employees, from Bali in Bali, Java in central Java, Minangkabau in West Sumatra and Batak tribes (Karo,Angkola, Mandailing...

  4. Battling for Shared Culture between Indonesia and Malaysia In The Social Media Era

    OpenAIRE

    Liliek Adelina

    2012-01-01

    This is a research paper that takes as its central issue recent contestations and negotiations between Indonesia and Malaysia regarding certain forms of these countries intangible cultural heritage. In recent years, there has been an increasing incident in relation with cultural conflicts that happens between these two neighboring countries. These cultural conflicts specifically referred to the traditional performance arts, which has been hereditarily bequeathed by their respective ancestors....

  5. Women capacity, community resilience and sustainable post disaster reconstruction: case study from Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Tri Yumarni

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to flesh out women capacity for creating community resilience and practices of sustainable post disaster reconstruction in Bantul district Central Java Indonesia. Based on case study, the findings show women grassroots organizations have insight, information, experience, networks and resources vital within earthquake reconstruction as such capacities increasing resilience. During reconstruction women demonstrated their capacity as income-earners, producers and managers of food...

  6. Developing Standards for EFL in Indonesia as Part of the EFL Teaching Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Suwarsih Madya

    2002-01-01

    Abstract: The teaching of English in Indonesia has so far been unable to reach its declared goal, which is the students' mastery of the English macro skills listening, speaking, reading, writing. Various factors have certainly contributed to this failure, but the highly centralized curriculum has been one of the many to be blamed for it. The new system of regional autonomy gives ample opportunity to schools/ regions to develop their own curricula. This will lead to the need for the establishm...

  7. The Impact of Decentralization on Subnational Government Fiscal Slack in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lewis, Blane D.; Oosterman, Andre

    2009-01-01

    Since Indonesia began implementing its decentralization program in 2001, subnational unspent balances have grown rapidly and have reached levels that many officials find unreasonably high. But the extent to which subnational government reserves are excessive, in general, is not obvious. A not implausible decrease in the price of oil would reduce transfers to subnationals significantly and, if sustained, could possibly eliminate reserves in a relatively short time. Central government should no...

  8. Dynamic of Pondok Pesantren as Indegenous Islamic Education Centre In Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Dihyatun Masqon

    2011-01-01

    In Indonesia pesantren is known as the indigenous religious educational institution. The basic elements of pondok pesantren are: Kiai as a central figure, santri as a student who persues knowledge, pondok as dormitory where santri lives, and mosque which constitutes at the centre of educational activities. In general, due to the system and method of teaching, pondok pesantren classified into two kinds; traditional and modern. Never the less they are having the same vision and mission, that is...

  9. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KEBERHASILAN IMPLEMENTASI ERP UNTUK MEMBANGUN KEUNGGULAN BERSAINGPADA UKM DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudiantono .

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise Resource Planning is an integrated software applied in the organization. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence the successful implementation of ERP in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs in Central Java to build competitive advantage. The hypothesis were tested by SEM to 107 respondents. Results of data analysis proved that the variable Business Process Reengineering was the most impact. It recommended that small and medium entrepreneurs to learn and consolidate prior efforts to reengineer its business before applying ERP.

  10. KEPUASAN PETERNAK MITRA TERHADAP KEMITRAAN MODEL CONTRACT FARMING USAHA TERNAK BROILER DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT DAN BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Wijaya

    2014-04-01

    antar strata yang diteliti, antara peternak mitra yang telah lama mengikuti kerja sama kemitraan dengan SBU Kemitraan Region Jawa Barat memiliki indeks kepuasan yang lebih baik (49% dibandingkan dengan peternak mitra yang baru mengikuti kerja sama kemitraan (47%. Implikasi manajerial untuk meningkatkan kepuasan mitra sangat terkait dengan skema kontrak kemitraan, day old chick, pakan, obat-obatan, dan pembayaran yang tepat waktu.Kata kunci: kepuasan, contract farming, broiler, kualitas produk,  kualitas pelayanan

  11. Public-Private Partnerships: an International Development vis a vis Indonesia Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizal Yaya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available For more than two decades, Public Private Partnerships (PPP had developed worldwide as an instrument to procure public infrastructure where government funds are limited. This practice supports the covergent theory of the public and private sector. Indonesia experience with PPP follows most of what had been done by countries overseas with some deviations. The main reasons for going for PPP for Indonesia government is to fill the gap in finance and capability in procuring the infrastructure. Unofficial reason such as for off-balance sheet and ideological is not relevant. Up to now, the Government only allow investment in hard economic infrastructure. Instead of using pure private finance, Indonesia Government facilitates public funds either from Central Government or Local Governments to finance PPP projects. In most cases, this involvement is because of marginality of the project. This results in the condition where the Government still has dominant role in the existing PPP projects. Compared to the PPP framework in other countries like in the UK, Indonesia PPP lacks of attention on output specification and risk transfer. This may be because of lacking of experiences as well as due to high degree of Government involvement. Rigorous policy is needed in this area to ensure Government to achieve better value for money.

  12. Analisis Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Terjadinya Non Performing Loan (NPL) pada Perbankan yang Go Public di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, Vera Yohana

    2013-01-01

    This research entitled “Analysis of Factors influence Non Performing Loan (NPL) at Go Public Bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange”. This research aims to respond any questions about factors influence the Non Performing Loan at the go public bank at Indonesia Stock Exchange. The bad loan is always found in banking loan activity. Therefore the bank always minimizes the bad loan to fulfill the requirement of Central Bank as the bank supervisors. The bad loan is total debt loan plus the doubt loan an...

  13. Fatwas on Inter-faith Marriage in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Muhamad Ali

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a study on the fatwas (legal opinion) concerning inter faith marriage in Indonesia. The fatwas under the discussion are those issued by Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) in post-Independence Indonesia. Those fatwas are of special significance, both in terms of Islamic legal discourses and -perhaps more importantly- Muslims' perceptions and attitudes towards other religious communities in Indonesia. Issued by authoritative bodies of Indonesian...

  14. The application of accelerator for medical therapy in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of the application of accelerator for medical therapy in Indonesia was carried out. Accelerator that used for therapy is an electron lintier accelerator (Linac) which can radiate electron beam and X-ray. This study shows that there are 8 unit of Linac distributed at 6 big hospitals in Indonesia, especially in Jakarta. This study also shows that radiotherapy facilities in Indonesia is un sufficient of. Therefore, providing radiotherapy facilities for hospitals, especially the big hospitals in Indonesia is necessary

  15. Tropospheric O3 over Indonesia during biomass burning events measured with GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment and compared with trajectory analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Wittrock

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Tropospheric ozone columns of up to 50 DU were observed by GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment above Indonesia in September 1997, while only background amounts were measured in September 1998. The Traj.x trajectory model along with BRemen's Atmospheric PHOtochemical model (BRAPHO were used to investigate the higher than average ozone columns above Indonesia. The transport analysis reveals that biomass burning over central Africa and northern Australia does not significantly influence ozone columns over Indonesia in September 1997. El Niño conditions, leading to extreme dryness and uncontrolled fires in Indonesia, produced ozone precursors, which are initially only slowly advected westwards to the central Indian Ocean. Joint transport and chemistry modelling was able to reproduce the spatial distribution and amounts of ozone, NO2 and formaldehyde columns over Indonesia. The chemistry modelling shows a net production of 3.1 Tg of ozone produced by biomass burning in Indonesia in September 1997. Transport analysis further reveals that ozone columns over the Indian Ocean, between 10 and 20° S can be accounted for by the mixing of air masses containing NOx from lightning over the Congo Basin with air masses containing volatile organic compounds from biomass burning.

  16. Medicinal, Aromatic and Cosmetic (MAC) plants for community health and bio-cultural diversity conservation in Bali, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Leurs, Liesbeth Nathalie

    2010-01-01

    The general aim of this ethno-botanical study is to document, describe and analyse the Balinese community members’ knowledge, belief and practices with regard to medicinal, aromatic and cosmetic (MAC) plants in relation to community health and bio-cultural diversity conservation of MAC plants. This study has been conducted in four sample villages in the central-south-eastern part of Bali, Indonesia. The Ethnosystems Approach used in this study places the emic point of view central in studying...

  17. Socio-Economic Factors on Indonesia Education Disparity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzizah, Yuni

    2015-01-01

    Since 1998, regional governments in Indonesia have had greater autonomy due to the commencement of a reformation movement across Indonesia. Large portions of education management were delegated to the regional governments. Because of this, the education level varies strongly across Indonesia' provinces. Referring to the data provided by the…

  18. Penggunaan Grafem Dalam Pelambangan Bunyi Aksara Jawi (Arab Melayu) Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Dra. Fauziah, M.A.

    2008-01-01

    Asal usul Arab Melayu Indonesia ( Jawi ) sudah ada sejak lama di Indonesia. Ia berasal dari Arab Saudi. Ini dapat dibuktikan dalam sejarah Arab Melayu Indonesia. Seperti pada prasasti tertua Leran dan Gresik terdapat tulisan Arab yaitu pada batu nisan anak perempuan Maimun ( 1082 M ).

  19. GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN PENERAPANNYA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas S. Kaihatu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent experience indicate that it isn`t sufficient for management just to rely on how efficient is the process of managing. It needs a new instrument, Good Cooperate Governance (GCG, to prove that the management is going well. This concept emphasize on two important things, that is : first, the right of shareholder to be provided of right and just on time information, and second, the obligation of company to disclose accurately, just on time, and transparently all information of company`s performance, shareholders, and stakeholders. Various studies by national and international researchers proved the lack of understanding the importance and strategic implication of applying GCG principles by Indonesian entrepreneur. Besides, organization culture also influencing GCG application in Indonesia. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Perkembangan terbaru membuktikan bahwa manajemen tidak cukup hanya memastikan bahwa proses pengelolaan manajemen berjalan dengan efisien. Diperlukan instrumen baru, Good Corporate Governance (GCG untuk memastikan bahwa manajemen berjalan dengan baik. Ada dua hal yang ditekankan dalam konsep ini, pertama, pentingnya hak pemegang saham untuk memperoleh informasi dengan benar dan tepat pada waktunya dan, kedua, kewajiban perusahaan untuk melakukan pengungkapan (disclosure secara akurat, tepat waktu, dan transparan terhadap semua informasi kinerja perusahaan, kepemilikan, dan stakeholder. Dari berbagai hasil pengkajian yang dilakukan oleh berbagai lembaga riset independen nasional dan internasional, menunjukkan rendahnya pemahaman terhadap arti penting dan strategisnya penerapan prinsip-prinsip GCG oleh pelaku bisnis di Indonesia. Selain itu, budaya organisasi turut mempengaruhi penerapan GCG di Indonesia. Kata kunci: GCG, prinsip-prinsip GCG, budaya organisasi, penerapan di Indonesia.

  20. ARAH BARU SUPERVISI PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA

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    Dian Iskandar Jaelani

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Several studies on the quality of education is often also called the school to study the effect of output ( output inferred by Suryadi education that , in developing countries the influence of school and teacher quality on student achievement is greater than the influence of the same factors in developed countries , but in developing countries the influence of family background on learning achievement is smaller. There are still many shortcomings in the Indonesian education system compared to the Finnish education system is in the form of small start of school board regulations for the students. Indonesia can still improve and review the education system that has long been used in Indonesia, so the education system in Indonesia could rise to at least rank qualification assessment by an international board of education. With so Indonesia can be proud of the education system, as well as with the quality of education in Indonesia will be juxtaposed with other countries in the world. Improving the quality of education in schools requires professional education and systematic in their objective. Effectiveness of educational activities in a school influenced many variables (both concerning the personal aspects, operational, and material that need to get training and development in a sustainable manner. Coaching and development process is an assessment of the overall situation of education supervision .

  1. Antinomy in Legislation in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainal Arifin Mochtar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A number of reality for laws as a production of Parliament and President was canceled by the Constitutional Court, occur as a result of the legislation matter that plural reflects the injustice and legal uncertainty. The high number of judicial review becomes signal less accommodation of citizen interests and rights in a legislation product. The absence of arrangement harmony made by Parliament gives impact on plural legislation sued. This paper attempts to describe some debate antinomy that characterizes the existence of legislation in Indonesia. The analysis showed, antinomy-conflict-norm in the legislation is one thing that is difficult to avoid, especially given the poor-legislative process in the parliament today. In each establishment of legislation, synchronization and norms harmonization is not a major pressing point, but defeated by transnational politics inter-faction in the parliament that actually looked more dominant. But when these norms conflict constituted a rule of law which are simultaneous, dynamic, and meet legal ideals, would not be a problem. As long as not to cause harm to the fulfillment of constitutional rights of citizens.

  2. PERKEMBANGAN DAN DIVERSIFIKASI EKSPOR INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermanto Siregar

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} To some extent there was a change of Indonesia’s export in term of product diversification and countries of destination. From the market side , however, there was no change at the  composition of nine biggest export destination in the period of 2002-2004. This shows that there was sluggishness in making adjustment and overcoming constraints in trade. Indonesia needs to diversify the market dan the export products further. Foreign direct investment factor per se can not push the diversification. This factor need to be accompanied by economic stability, as well as taking care of the various internal and external constraints. 

  3. Indonesia's family planning story: success and challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, T H; Hull, V J; Singarimbun, M

    1977-11-01

    clinics. The strong community structures on Bali encourage birth control use. Bali, which is predominantly Hindi, is more receptive to the IUD than Java, which is predominantly Muslim. In East Java, the authoritarian bureaucracy makes efficient use of its money. Central Java is making slow but steady progress in family planning. In West Java, fieldworkers are teamed with paramedics; there, door-to-door contraceptive supply was more effective than the clinic system. In many areas traditional methods, i.e., herbs, massage, total abstinence for long periods of time, etc., were favored. More educated women often do not use contraceptives for fear of side effects. The need for family planning on the outer Indonesian islands is not as great, but programs are being set under way. These programs are the beginning of an attempt to alleviate problems that could be encountered if Indonesia's population growth continues unchecked. PMID:12260296

  4. KARAKTERISTIK DEMOGRAFIS DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN PENYAKIT TUBERKULOSIS DI PROPINSI JAWA TENGAH (ANALISIS LANJUT RISKESDAS 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merryani Girsang

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Data of "Riskesdas " regarding the relation of the incident of tuberkulosis and demographic based on the infection of tuberkulosis in Central Java province has not been available. The purpose of this study is to identify how big is the spread of the lung-TB incidents from the family members who were interviwed in the Riskesdas 2007. Design of the study is crossectional, data is from Riskesdas 2007 reveals from 35 Districts in Central Java, based on the result of the interview from selected family member, who have the symptoms of cough more than 2-3 weeks, loss weight, sweat at night, and fever. Data is analysed by SPSS window version 15.0, and the result is presented in the frequency tabulation. The results show that from the 4380 population interviwed, 953 respondent has ever been infected with baccili tuberculoses. The incident of TB in female is higher than male, 50.5% and 49.5 % respectively (OR=1.106; 95CI=0.944-1.295. Productive age group tend to be dominant, such as group of 35-65 years old are infected TB 20.1%, group of farmer 25.2%, whereas the group of respondent who has no job 17.6% (OR=1.233;95%CI=0.653-2.327. Labor and coolie are 22.0% have a risk to be infected with TB (OR=1.594;95%CI= 1.833-3.051, and based on the lengt of time working they have 1.5 times higher risk to be infected with TB. The study conclude that the TB is the direct infectious disease, the baccili can spread through the air which can be easily inhaled to the lung. Respondents who their family members or their neighbour have already been infected with TB will spread the disease as long as they are not treated properly.   Key words: Tuberkulosis, TB, Demografi.

  5. FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN EKSKRESI YODIUM DALAM URIN DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN JAWA TENGAH

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    Dhuta Widagdo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Universal salt iodination (USI is global policy for eliminating iodine deficiency disorder (IDD, and the content of iodine salt was 30-80 ppm. Survey 2003 show that 35% urine iodine excretion (UIE of school children is was high, more than 300 µg/L, survey 2004 in Grobogan district in central Java by Department of Health show that UIE is was high to. The objective of the study is to conduct some factors that related with level of UIE in district of Grobogan, Central Java. Method: This study was comparative cross sectional study. Elementary school children were collected by random and divided into three areas, area I was elementary school children with UIE high level, area II was optimal UIE anda area III was UIE in adequate. Total sample for UIE level was 242 elementary school children, by spectrohptometer. Sample of salt was 242, measured by titration, and 76 samples of drinking water was collected by spectrophotometer. Goitogenic and iodine UIE optimal (area 11 and UIE adequate (area III. Total to sample is 242 school children, 242 sample of salt, 76 sample of drinking water. Goitrogenic and iodine intake were collected by FFQ and recall 24 hour. The data was analysis by univariat, bivariat and regressi multivariate. There are 24,1% adequate iodine in salt at area I, 2,6% at area II and 7,3% at area III. The mean of iodine content in water drinking in area I is 156.74 µg/L, area II is 189.06 µg/L, and area III is 84.03 µg/L. Median UEI in area I is 542 µg/L, area II is 502 µg/L and area III is 467 µg/L. There are significantly factors related to UEI is iodine content in water drinking.   Key words : Urine Iodine Excretion, Iodine Water Drinking, Iodine Salt

  6. Pemberlakuan Perjanjian Internasional Di Indonesia Dikaitkan Dengan Judicial Review Terhadap Piagam Asean Di Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nababan, Tulus Pardamean

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to determine how the application of international treaties in Indonesia based on the setting of international law and national law of Indonesia then linked to the judicial review of the ASEAN Charter in the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia associated with Indonesia attachment to an international treaty and how a law which constitute endorsement Parliament consent forms that contain ASEAN Charter as its attachments which is a whole contains norms of internation...

  7. Gamma ray dose rates in the Weh Island, Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Weh Island is located at the northern most part of Great Sumatera Fault system which has NW-SE trend elongated from Bands Aceh until Semangko Bay about 1650 km within Sumatera Island. We had conducted the measurement of gamma ray dose rate in Weh Island of Sumatera in Indonesia. From about 15 observation points, we found that the average of gamma ray dose rate was 50.8 ± 4.8 nGy/h. From the present study, natural intensity of radioactivity could be checked and can be concluded into the following; 1) There are two high radioactive level zones in the investigating area. One of them is the east zone in accordance with valleys and erosion zone along the structure line (Great Sumatra fault). 2) The other zone is the central part of this area. Even if this zone looks lineament geographically, it indicates the existence of fault line. (author)

  8. Governance Obstacles to Geothermal Energy Development in Indonesia

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    Matthew S. Winters

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite having 40 per cent of the world’s potential for geothermal power production, Indonesia exploits less than five per cent of its own geothermal resources. We explore the reasons behind this lagging development of geothermal power and highlight four obstacles: (1 delays caused by the suboptimal decentralisation of permitting procedures to local governments that have few incentives to support geothermal exploitation; (2 rent-seeking behaviour originating in the point-source nature of geothermal resources; (3 the opacity of central government decision making; and (4 a historically deleterious national fuel subsidy policy that disincentivised geothermal investment. We situate our arguments against the existing literature and three shadow case studies from other Pacific countries that have substantial geothermal resources. We conclude by arguing for a more centralised geothermal governance structure.

  9. PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL BAGI MASYARAKAT INDONESIA YANG MAJEMUK

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    Muhiddinur Kamal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The diversity of Indonesia is a national asset which has long been considered by the founders of this nation.  It is thought that being diversity is not a barrier to realize the unity of the Republic of Indonesia.  However, the current state of our nation building indicates that such a spirit has declined as conflicts among the tribes lead to unlawful acts which raise the issues of tribes, tradition or race, and religion.  Education as a tool to resolve problems either as a state or a nation.  As a multicultural country, Indonesia is striving to horizontal conflict which may break the unity.  Multicultural education is, therefore, expected to be able to resolve the national conflicts.Copyright © 2013 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v20i3.42

  10. Reaktualisasi Pengamalan Nilai Pancasila untuk Demokrasi Indonesia

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    Mutiani Mutiani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Pancasila as an integral (comprehensively is a solid supporting to the state established in Indonesia. Pancasila is maintained and developed with the aim to protect and develop the dignity and rights of all citizens of the nation to democracy in Indonesia. Posts in this article aims to explain how the urgency of re-actualization of Pancasila. As a method of this paper is literature study. The writer was conducting Pancasila in the context of political education in Indonesia emphasis on understanding the unity and integrity of the nation and the values listed in UUD 1945 with its main foundation of Pancasila. As the result, therefor, Pancasila is expected to realize the Good and Smart Citizenship, which, law-abiding citizens, to the literacy of citizens to political issues. Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/sd.v2i2.2822

  11. KAJIAN BISNIS FRANCHISE MAKANAN DI INDONESIA

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    Dewi Astuti

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Food franchising business in Indonesia is growing up very fast. Factors that urge the growth are the specific characteristics of franchise inself, the rise of market demand, the availability of skilled labor, the high of return on investment and the internal factors such as the motivation, personality and the changing life style. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Bisnis franchise makanan di Indonesia berkembang dengan cepat. Beberapa faktor yang mendorong pertumbuhannya adalah ciri-ciri dari franchise itu sendiri , meningkatnya daya beli, tersedianya sumber daya dengan keahlian yang dibutuhkan, return on investment yang tinggi serta faktor internal seperti motivasi, kepribadian yang terbuka serta perubahan gaya hidup Kata kunci: franchise, studi pemasaran, studi keuangan.

  12. Karakterisasi Sumberdaya Kambing Lokal Khas Kejobong di Kabupaten Purbalingga Propinsi Jawa-Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Sodiq

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Characterization of local goat of kejobong at local government of purbalingga, central java ABSTRACT. The purposes of this study were to identify the quantitative morphogenitical characteristics (external body dimensions and qualitative characteristics (coat-colour, the population size, its distribution and diversity of morphogenitical characteristics, the population status in term of conservation, and to find out the model of conservation. The target of this study were goat-husbandry of local goat at Kejobong (13 villages Local Government of Purbalingga, Central Java, Purbalingga Regency. Livestock On-Farm Trials (LOFT by simple random sampling was implemented in this study. Sample sizes were determinate by Nomogram Harry King, and were involved of 931 head of local goat of Kejobong. Descriptive (qualitative and quantitative analyses, variance analyses by General Linear Model (GLM procedure of SPSS, analysis of the population status according to the Global Data Bank for Farm Animal Genetic Resources for Domestic Animal Diversity of FAO were applied. This study revealed that: (1 based on the size of external body dimensions, the Kejobong local goat appears the termediate between Kacang and Peranakan Etawah goats; (2 Based on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics, the Kejobong local goat assumed as a crossbreed-goat resulted from crossing between Kacang and Peranakan Etawah breeds. Dominant black and total black coat colour were predominants 74.45 and 56.49 percent among their population, respectively; (3 The Kejobong local goats were founded in all regions (13 villages with the total populations about 15.317 heads. There was highly diversity in term of the characteristic of external body dimensions. This finding force to conduct the in-breed selection in order to improve their productivity; (4 Based on the Global Data Bank for Farm Animal Genetic Resources, the population status of local goat at Kecamatan Subdistric (15.317 heads and

  13. Menara Masjid Kuna Indonesia Suatu Survei dan Studi Kepustakaan

    OpenAIRE

    Isman Pratama Nasution

    2015-01-01

    This paper is a report of the findings of a reseach on minarets of old mosques inSumatera and Jawa done by means of survey method and library study. Thirteen minarets of old mosques were observed and analyzed. The thirteen minarets show similarities in terms of form and style. There is a basic pattern of relation between the mosque and minarets in terms of layout. In terms of the number of the minarets, the mosques generally have one minaret each although some of them have two or even four. T...

  14. Gambier : Indonesia Leading Commodities in The Past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamda Fauza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gambier is one of Indonesia's small holder plantation commodities with a high economic value and has a commercial prospective for the future regard to the various usefulness. Gambier terms, in addition, to use as the name of the plant, is also the trade name of the product produced by the plant, extract of the leaves and young branches of the gambier plant.  In Indonesia, gambier have been subsisted in a golden era and be the prominent commodity.  In the early 19th century, gambier has become one of the commodities traded in Europe.  After World War II, gambier is no longer an important export products that are traded in the international market.  Further, development of gambier plantations in Indonesia are not so obvious information.  At this time in Indonesia, West Sumatra is the center of gambier production, moreover gambier also called as a specific plants of West Sumatra.  Mostly, gambier is produced by small home industries with the traditional tools and use more human labor.  Gambier is cultivated and processed in a unique method, therefore, gambier plant development become complicated. However, gambier development in Indonesia especially in West Sumatera for the future is still promising, considering its various usefulness and the role of Indonesia as the world's major producer.  Along with to the all contributing factors, there are numerous challenges and obstacles in the development for various aspects of this commodity.  Furthermore, intense participation from the stakeholders; government, farmers, researchers, investors, and traders in management ranging from farming techniques, processing, trade, and institutions are necessary. Thus, it could be expected, gambier would be turn around as a foremost commodity in the future.

  15. BUDAYA DAN PERDAMAIAN : HARMONI DALAM KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT JAWA MENGHADAPI PERUBAHAN PASCA GEMPA

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    Kwartarini Wahyu Yuniarti

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The earthquake that took place in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIYand Central Java on 27 May 2006 gave such tremendous impact toindividual and social’s physical and psychological factor, as well as materialdamage. Such alterations were potentially threatening harmonious livingthat has been upheld by the Javanese. Based on the above thought, thisresearch aimed to illustrate the whole psychological overview about theindividual’s efforts in countenancing the alterations triggered by theearthquake, using the local wisdom which then brought them to harmonioussociety’s life. This study used qualitative method with the ethnography-grounded theoretical approach. One of this research’s essential findingshows that the Javanese still adhering the Javanese local wisdom incountenancing any kinds of post-earthquake alterations. The society wassomewhat took any kinds of conflict, such as the unfair disaster-aiddistributions and the local residence officer’s corruption acts, passively.Their passive reaction showed that – for Javanese – maintaining the socialharmonious life is the most essential life purpose; compared if they had toclaim their violated rights.

  16. Komunitas Kelelawar (Ordo Chiroptera di Beberapa Gua Karst Gunung Kendeng Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Tamasuki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The existance of bats in cave type with diverge managerial system are influenced abundance and species bats. This research was conducted from January to June 2012 that counting abundance and to identify bats at Gunung Kendeng Karst Area Pati Central Java. The bats were collected by using mist net and stalk net at flying track surrounding cave’s mouth of Pancur Cave, Serut Cave, Bandung Cave, Pawon Cave, Larangan Cave and Gantung Cave. Bats abundance at Pancur Cave amount  ±  484 bats, Serut Cave amount ± 1233 bats, Bandung Cave amount ± 715 bats, Pawon Cave amount ± 392 bats, Larangan Cave ± 23 bats and Gantung Cave ± 5 bats. The six species were collected from this research, such as Cyanopterus horsfieldii, Hipposederos larvatus, Hipposideros bicolor, Rhinolophus affinis, Murina suilla dan Miniopterus australis. The analyst result is used Diversity Index of Shannon-Wiennner showed the highest diversity at Pancur Cave (H=0,35054 and the lowest at Gantung Cave (H=0,13633. Similarity index of shannon Evenness is showed the highest similarity at Pancur Cave (E=0,50572 and the lowest at Larangan Cave (E=0. Domination index of simpson is showed the highest domination at Pancur Cave (C=0,06805  and the lowest at Gantung Cave (C=0,00189. Hipposederos larvatus and Miniopterus australis are species that common and often founded during this research.

  17. EFEKTIVITAS MEDIASI DALAM PENYELESAIAN PERKARA PERCERAIAN DI PENGADILAN AGAMA JAWA TENGAH

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    Muhammad Saifullah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Mediation as one of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR is seen as a way dispute resolution humane and just. Humanist because the mechanism decision-making (the peace agreement become the authority of the parties dispute and maintain good relations. Fair because each party negotiate to option a problem solution from his problem and outputs a win-win solution. Therefore, dispute resolution with litigation is becoming obsolete and people turn to mediation. Through the Supreme Court Regulation (Perma No. 1 In 2008, mediation has been integrated into the proceedings in the court system. Every civil matters must completed first by way of mediation. Each judge's decision not by way of mediation first, the decision shall be considered null and void. This paper discusses the effectiveness of mediation in the settlement of divorce cases in the Religious Court Central Java, because of a divorce case is a matter of the highest ranks in the Religious Court. The focus of the study is the implementation of divorce mediation cases, mediation success standard divorce cases and the litigants public response to the peace efforts through mediation procedures

  18. STUDI FAUNA TIKUS DAN CECURUT DI DAERAH DITEMUKAN KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN KLATEN, PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Bina Ikawati

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTData obtained from Central Java Health Province Agency showed there were six districts of cities withleptospirosis problem. Leptospirosis cases in Klaten District was third sequence after Semarang City and Demak District.Research that had been done in Klaten focused in Jogonalan Sub district. In 2009-2010 leptospirosis cases found in outsideJogonalan. The aims of this research was to identifying of rats and suncus in leptospirosis area at Klaten district.This research was an observasional research using ecology study. Rat trapped and had been done in this researchfollowed by rat identification.Data were analyzed by simple statistic include tabulating, quantifying, multiplicationpresented in table or graph.Result of this research showed that from three study locations, trap success Kalikotes was showed highest (11,5%,while Wonosari and Gantiwarno was respectively 6,3% and 4,5%. Shanon Wiener Diversity Index was low(<1.Rattus tanezumi was the dominant species.Key words : rat ,suncus, leptospirosis, Klaten

  19. ANALISIS SWOT SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN KINERJA PENGAWASAN APARAT INSPEKTORAT PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maylia Pramono Sari

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berusaha menyediakan peta keuntungan, kerugian, tantangan dan kesempatan yang berkaitan dengan kinerja inspektorat (Supervisory Board. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa untuk meningkatkan kinerjanya, Inspectorat (Supervisory Board bisa menerapkan 4 strategi yang tesedia pada matriks SWOT. Inspektorat (Supervisory Board sebaiknya bisa mengatur kekuatan dan meminimalkan kelemahan yang dimiliki, memanfaatkan kesempatan yang berhubungan de-ngan tantangan dalam bentuk sumber daya manusia, anggaran, teknologi informasi dan struktur organisasi yang tepat. This study attempts to provide mapping of the advantages, disadvantages, challenges, and opportunities associated with the performance of the Inspectorate (Supervisory Board. The results indicate that for improving the performance, the Inspectorate (Supervisory Board of Central Java Province can apply one of the four strategies that are available on TOWS matrix above. The four strategies that can be selected are SO Strategy (Strengths-Opportunities, WO Strategy (Weakness-Opportunities, ST Strategy (Strengths-Threats, and WT Strategy (Weakness-Threats. It is suggested that for improving its performance, the Inspectorate (Supervisory Board should be able to maintain power and minimize the weaknesses possessed; exploit opportunities and deal with the existing challenges in the form of HR, Budget, Information Technology, and proper Organizational Structure.

  20. SERO SURVEI DAN ANALISA PENGETAHUAN SIKAP PENJAMAH UNGGAS TERHADAP PENYAKIT FLU BURUNG DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2008

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    Noer Endah Pracoyo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The bird flu in Indonesia actually is Avian Influenza Virus H5N1 type. Is known bird flu virus in Humans occur if direct contact with infected poultry or through contact with environmental enclosure, and the carcasses of infected poultry products. The absence of the data if the handlers of poultry in the cases of bird flu virus has been exposed to the research conducted sero survey of bird flu antibody titers in handlers poultry  attitudes and knowledge of poultry against bird flu incident. The research objective measure antibodies against respondents tirer AI H5N1 virus, assess knowledge and attitudes against bird flu handlers through the interview. The study design was cross sectional. Handlers of poultry population in the region is ever going Extraordinary Cases of bird flu. Samples were responders/poultry handlers venous blood taken for H5N1 antibody titer by Ellisa, H5N1 conducted interviews using a questionnaire. The study used the respondents informed consent agreement. Research time in February to November 2007 in the island of Java. The number of samples of 80 samples of respondents. The results obtained are not found of H5N1 avian influenza antibody titer in responders. The results of the interview most of the handlers to wash Their hands after doing Their job (82.1%. A total of 52.9% residential handlers is more than a mile from where the management of poultry, (69% lived outside market handlers/Abattoir of poultry.Handler to act entered correctly (53.3%% and almost all handlers (97% would bring the patient/patient ill with signs of bird flu infection to health facilities. Keywords: poultry handlers, bird flu virus, knowledge and attitudes of poultry handlers Abstrak Yang dimaksud Flu burung di Indonesia sebetulnya adalah Virus Avian Influenza dengan tipe H5N1. Selama ini diketahui penularan virus flu burung pada manusia terjadi jika kontak langsung dengan unggas yang terinfeksi atau melalui kontak dengan lingkungan kandang

  1. BAHASA INDONESIA: POLICY, IMPLEMENTATION, AND PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risa Rumentha Simanjuntak

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Language policy or language planning is still in the surge for familiarity and importance. However, this paper argues that in the case of Bahasa Indonesia current implementations should be evaluated based on its relevance and future plan. The historical perspectives will reveal the roots of the current policy and therefore make foundations for further discussions. From the study of literature, this paper is arguing that new paradigm for nationalism, roles in the global competition, as well as regional languages as competitive advantage could be well adopted to nurture a more inclusive and progressive Bahasa Indonesia.

  2. Problems of Biodiversity Management in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    OKID PARAMA ASTIRIN

    2000-01-01

    Indonesia is an archipelago of 17.508 islands with land width of 1.9 millions km2 and sea of 3.1 millions km2, having many types of habitat and become one of biodiversity center in the world. There are about 28.000 plants species, 350.000 animals species and about 10.000 microbes predicted lived endemically in Indonesia. The country that represents only 1.32% of the world having 10% of total flowering plants, 12% of mammals, 16% reptiles and amphibian, 17% birds, 25% fishes and 15% of insects...

  3. Internationalization of Psychology Education in Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sarlito W. Sarwono

    2014-01-01

    Psychology in Indonesia was born from a medical faculty in 1953, a few years after the independence of Indonesia. It was founded primarily to get the right man in the right place that is very urgent at that time after the Dutch colonial government left many vital public and private positions empty. From the time it was born, the Indonesian psychology has moved vice-versa from indigenous psychology to universalism, from East to West, and from qualitative to quantitative methodology. The internationalization process of Indonesian psychology is discussed from the author's personal view.

  4. IDENTIFIKASI WILAYAH DENGAN PERMASALAHAN KESEHATAN ANAK BALITA DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR

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    Endang Indriasih

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Government Regulation no. 38 year 2007 about the distribution of governmental power between central, provincial and district/town was one reference for government. Despite of decentralization was expected to remain the relevance from the administration. Meanwhile, to view the performance or measured the success of development held by local districts, especially in the field of health has issued the Ministerial Regulation Rl No. 741/Menkes/Per/VII/2008 on Minimum Service Standards (SPM in the Health Sector which is an effort to accelerate the achievement of the MDGs in 2015. Child health problems focused on the decline in mortality because even the trend was declining but the achievement is still rae from target, particularly the MDGs in 2015, either RPJPM or Minimum Service Standards (SPM. When in handling found of resource limitation, it is necessary to scale the priority to handle with the regional approach or program. The objective of the study is to know distribution areas and offers an alternative method of diagnosing the area of Children under 5 health problems so that it shows children under 5 priority areas. Methods: The data for this analysis from a survey called RISKESDAS 2007 with sample unit is children under 5. Variables used are; state of poor and malnutrition, the completed Immunization coverage, posyandu utilization, morbidity (diarrhea, pneumonia and TB, clean and healthy lifestyle. lack of clean water, lack of sanitation in the districts of East in Java. Results: This result is several thematic maps when it is overlay; find the two districts in the eastern part is relatively problematic area among the districts and other towns in East Java. Key words: Spatial analysis, children under 5 health, East Java

  5. EVALUASI PROGRAM PELATIHAN IN-HOUSE TRAINING PEMBELAJARAN PAKET C DI SANGGAR KEGIATAN BELAJAR JAWA TENGAH

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    Ika Rizqi Meilya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan hasil evaluasi tingkat: (1 kepuasan; (2 pemahaman materi; (3 implementasi perilaku; dan (4 peningakatan kompetensi peserta pelatihan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian evaluasi menggunakan model Empat Level Kirkpatrick. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 kepuasan peserta terhadap penyelenggaraan pelatihan menggunakan Penilaian ber-Acuan Patokan (PAP dan Penilaian ber-Acuan Norma (PAN masuk kategori “puas”. (2 pemahaman peserta pada materi standar isi pembelajaran paket C menggunakan PAP masuk kategori “tidak menguasai”, sedangkan menggunakan PAN masuk kategori “menguasai”; pemahaman peserta pada materi standar proses pembelajaran paket C menggunakan PAP dan PAN masuk kategori “menguasai”; pemahaman peserta pada materi standar penilaian pembelajaran paket C menggunakan PAP masuk kategori “tidak menguasai”, sedangkan menggunakan PAN masuk kategori “menguasai”. (3 implementasi perilaku peserta pascapelatihan terkait materi standar isi, proses, dan penilaian pembelajaran paket C berdasarkan persepsi tutor dan peserta didik menggunakan PAP dan PAN masuk kategori “mengimplementasikan”; (4 peningkatan kompetensi peserta disebabkan oleh pelatihan menggunakan PAP dan PAN masuk kategori “mengalami peningkatan”. Kata Kunci: evaluasi, pelatihan, in-house training, pembelajaran paket C   IN-HOUSE TRAINING PROGRAM EVALUATION OF PACKET C LEARNING IN SANGGAR KEGIATAN BELAJAR OF CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE Abstract This study aimed to describe an evaluation results level of: (1 satisfaction; (2 material understanding; (3 behavior implementation; and (4 the improvement of participants’ competence. The type of this study was evaluation research using Four Levels of Kirkpatrick model. The result of this study indicates the following. (1 the participants’ satisfaction toward the implementation of training using Standard Referenced Assessment (PAP and Normative Referenced Assessment (PAN

  6. PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKIT-PENYAKIT ZOONOSA NEW, EMERGING DAN RE-EMERGING DI INDONESIA

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    Gindo Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Some important zoonotic diseases in Indonesia are Rabies, Plague, Anthrax, Taeniasis/Cysticercosis and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are geographycally distributed in some provinces in Indonesia and each disease have its control program. Other zoonoses which are under intensive surveillance are Toxoplasmosis, Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, bovine Tuberculosis and Haemorrhagic Hanta virosis. These diseases have epidemic potential. Plague known foci are in Boyolali Central Java dan Sleman Yogyakarta. In 1987 after 30 years of dormant period an outbreack of plague occured in Pasuruan, East Java with 48 number of cases and 21 deaths. Intensive surveillance on human, rodent and fleas were conducted in three plague foci. Since 1988 no human case of plague is found in Indonesia eventhough antibody against Y. pestis were found positive in human as well as in rodents. Anthrax is distributed geographycally in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West and East Nusa Tenggara and Timor Timur. Skin and intestinal Anthrax types are to be found in Indonesia. In 1990 on outbreak of anthrax occured in Central Java and 7 out of 98 cases were fatal. Of 154 (27.9% out 553 human sera collected from the provinces of West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North Sumatera and North Sulawesi were found positive against toxoplasmosis during the survey conducted in 1995. From the same provinces 152 (19.2% out of 792 animal sera also were found antibody positive against Toxoplasma gondii. There are about 170 Leptospirosis serotypes known in Indonesia. Leptospirosis is geographycally distributed in Central Java, Yogyakarta, West Java, North Sumatera, Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera, Bengkulu, East Kalimantan. Sporadic outbreaks occured in some provinces related to the lack of washing and drinking water in the dry season. Of 10 (1.8% out 154 serum specimens taken from humans in West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North

  7. Child Labor and Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kis-Katos, Krisztina; Sparrow, Robert

    2011-01-01

    We examine the effects of trade liberalization on child work in Indonesia, identifying geographical differences in the effects of trade policy through district level exposure to reduction in import tariff barriers, from 1993 to 2002. The results suggest that increased exposure to trade liberalization is associated with a decrease in child work…

  8. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    China‟s increasing integration with the world economy is met with much anticipation and much anxiety in the Southeast Asian region. In Indonesia, there is intense interest in Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI), not only among academics but also among policy makers, industrialists...

  9. Generasi antara: refleksi tentang studi pemuda Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B.N.F. White (Benjamin); S. Naafs (Suzanne)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractTulisan ini menyajikan tinjauan reflektif tentang studi pemuda Indonesia. Bagian utamanya membahas sejumlah ide kunci tentang pemuda, terbagi dalam tiga subbagian utama yaitu tentang “pemuda sebagai generasi”, “pemuda sebagai transisi” dan “pemuda sebagai pencipta dan konsumen budaya”.

  10. Developing ‘green’ labour in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunawan, Janti; Fraser, Kym

    2013-01-01

    , green economy. In this paper the current unsustainable economic model being used in Indonesia is discussed. A comprehensive review of current laws and regulations to support green jobs and a green economy is undertaken, along with the identification of potential green jobs sectors. Finally, the...

  11. Seismic risk assessment for road in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyfur, Mona Foralisa; Pribadi, Krishna S.

    2016-05-01

    Road networks in Indonesia consist of 446,000 km of national, provincial and local roads as well as toll highways. Indonesia is one of countries that exposed to various natural hazards, such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, etc. Within the Indonesian archipelago, several global tectonic plates interact, such as the Indo-Australian, Pacific, Eurasian, resulting in a complex geological setting, characterized by the existence of seismically active faults and subduction zones and a chain of more than one hundred active volcanoes. Roads in Indonesia are vital infrastructure needed for people and goods movement, thus supporting community life and economic activities, including promoting regional economic development. Road damages and losses due to earthquakes have not been studied widely, whereas road disruption caused enormous economic damage. The aim of this research is to develop a method to analyse risk caused by seismic hazard to roads. The seismic risk level of road segment is defined using an earthquake risk index, adopting the method of Earthquake Disaster Risk Index model developed by Davidson (1997). Using this method, road segments' risk level can be defined and compared, and road risk map can be developed as a tool for prioritizing risk mitigation programs for road networks in Indonesia.

  12. Indonesia : Managing Government Debt and its Risks

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2000-01-01

    The Asian economic crisis has left Indonesia's Government deeply in debt. Government debt has increased from 23 percent of GDP before the crisis to about 83 percent of GDP in early 2000. Nearly three quarters of this increase is domestic debt to pay for bank restructuring. Though very large, the government's debt is manageable. Actions to rebuild investor confidence, keep real interest rat...

  13. Leptocorisa Latreille in Indonesia (Heteroptera, Coreidae, Alydinae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siwi, Sri S.; Doesburg, van P.H.

    1984-01-01

    A review is given of the taxonomy and distribution of the Leptocorisa species in the Indonesian archipelago, primarily based on the material present in the Dutch museums, and on data from the literature. Thirteen species are found to be present in Indonesia: L. acuta (Thunberg), L. ayamaruensis Does

  14. Brokerage and the making of middle Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. van Klinken

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation, extending 5,000 km west to east. Its grand myth of national becoming, the Revolution of 1945, intended to weld together a disparate colonial patchwork, stands in uneasy contrast with the spatial unevenness of its actual history of national integr

  15. Engineering the Jatropha Hype in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Afiff, S.

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the actors, social networks, and narratives at national and global levels that have been contributing to creating a hype about Jatropha as a biofuel crop in Indonesia. Widespread concerns about climate change and the 2005–2006 rise of world crude oil prices had created the import

  16. Kewenangan Bank Indonesia Dalam Likuiditas Bank Umum

    OpenAIRE

    Silvana R

    2008-01-01

    Perbankan merupakan pokok dari sistem keuangan setiap negara, karena perbankan merupakan salah satu motor penggerak pembangunan seluruh bangsa. Krisis perbankan berdampak pada turunnya kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap industri perbankan. Berbagai masalah di sektor perbankan yang tidak terdeteksi secara dini akan mengakibatkan runtuhnya kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap industri perbankan, Skripsi mi mengemukakan bagaimana penilaian kesehatan bank umum yang dilakukan oleh Bank Indonesia, bagai...

  17. OUTLINE OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Dept. of Labour and National Service, Perth.

    THE POPULATION OF INDONESIA WAS 105,000,000 IN 1965, 70 PERCENT OF WHICH ARE ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE ON THE SEVEN MAIN ISLANDS AND SOME OF THE 3,000 SMALLER ISLANDS. DIVERSIFICATION OF THE ECONOMY IS BEING EMPHASIZED. COMPULSORY PRIMARY EDUCATION EXTENDS OVER 6 YEARS. SECONDARY EDUCATION INCLUDES A JUNIOR LEVEL WITH BOTH ACADEMIC AND VOCATIONAL…

  18. Doing Business 2014 Economy Profile : Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank; International Finance Corporation

    2013-01-01

    This economy profile presents the Doing Business indicators for Indonesia. In a series of annual reports, Doing Business assesses regulations affecting domestic firms in 189 economies and ranks the economies in 10 areas of business regulation, such as starting a business, resolving insolvency and trading across borders. This year's report data cover regulations measured from June 2012 thro...

  19. Indonesia wrestles with its chronic electricity crisis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Newman, N.

    2010-10-15

    Indonesia's attempts to end its many years of power shortages must overcome tough challenges to remedy years of indecision and ensure capacity keeps pace with economic growth. Ten large coal powered stations are being constructed in Java. 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Local Responses to Decentralization Policy in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjork, Christopher

    2003-01-01

    Ethnographic fieldwork in six junior high schools in East Java, Indonesia, focused on local responses to a national policy devolving authority over the curriculum to the schools. Interviews and observations in the schools revealed little change in teacher actions. The objectives of decentralization clashed with deeply rooted ideas about authority,…