WorldWideScience

Sample records for catharsis

  1. Catharsis and Media Violence: A Conceptual Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas A. Gentile

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept that doing something to “vent” aggression as a method of reducing aggressive feelings and behaviors, such as watching media violence or playing violent video games, continues to enjoy widespread public support despite a lack of empirical support. This article describes the historical origins of the concept and examines how well these conceptions fit with the modern usage of the aggression catharsis hypothesis. It is argued that there are four primary flaws with the catharsis hypothesis. First, the metaphor underlying Freud, Breuer, and Lorenz’s conception of aggression is flawed. Aggression is not a drive. Second, although Aristotle did use the term catharsis with relation to violent media (plays and poetry, he did not mean that viewing media violence can purge the viewer of aggressive feelings or behaviors. Furthermore, he describes several detailed requirements of plot and character that must be followed if his type of catharsis is to be achieved, and modern media violence does not meet these requirements. Third, the empirical support is not only lacking, a large empirical base contradicts the catharsis hypothesis. This is seen both in studies attempting to demonstrate catharsis directly and in the broader media violence literature. Fourth, human neuroscience contradicts the catharsis hypothesis. Learning is not hindered by viewing something one more time—it is improved. Taken together, it appears that there is no possible way that the aggression catharsis hypothesis can be accurate. It nevertheless continues to “feel” correct at a phenomenological level, and the reasons for this are discussed.

  2. The Censorship of pornography: catharsis or learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormack, T

    1988-10-01

    Contemporary research on pornography reveals an impasse between the models of catharsis and learning. Preference for the latter by a recent government report is based on ideological rather than scientific considerations. The breakdown in the liberal tradition, current pornography research based on behaviorism, and two major theoretical problems are discussed. The interface among psychology, sociology, and literary criticism is suggested as a positive direction for understanding pornography; censorship, however, may obstruct research and fail to advance feminist goals.

  3. Catharsis and moral therapy II: An Aristotelian account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solbakk, Jan Helge

    2006-01-01

    This article aims at analysing Aristotle's poetic conception of catharsis to assess whether it may be of help in enlightening the particular didactic challenges involved when training medical students to cope morally with complex or tragic situations of medical decision-making. A further aim of this investigation is to show that Aristotle's criteria for distinguishing between history and tragedy may be employed to reshape authentic stories of sickness into tragic stories of sickness. Furthermore, the didactic potentials of tragic stories of sickness will be tried out. The ultimate aim is to investigate whether the possibilities of developing a therapeutic conception of medical ethics researched in a previous article on catharsis and moral therapy in Plato may be strengthened through the hermeneutics of the Aristotelian conception of tragic catharsis.

  4. THE CONCEPT OF CATHARSIS IN FYODOR DOSTOEVSKY'S WORKS: FROM THE NEWSPAPER POLEMICS OF 1873

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Vladimirovna Zakharova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The question of catharsis was first brought up by Aristotle in his Poetics. Aristotle used to interpret catharsis in an extended sense. For him it could be tragic or musical, but it always meant purification or purgation as a dialogue between a poet and a spectator seen as one of the aims of art. In Dostoevsky’s thesaurus there is no such a category as catharsis, but there is this word’s equivalent in the Russian language: ochishchenie (which can be translated as purification. Purification through suffering is one of the key ideas of Dostoevsky’s works. He expressed this idea in his prose beginning with Notes from the House of the Dead, but it was first stated directly in the third chapter (entitled Environment of A Writer’s Diary of 1873. Dostoyevsky contrasted the socialist doctrine of environment with the Christian idea of personal responsibility for our own and other people’s actions. Liberal journalists didn’t accept Dostoevsky’s idea of “purification through suffering” and met it with derision (e.g., L. K. Panyutin, A. G. Kovner, V. P. Burenin, A. S. Suvorin. Instead of understanding and a justifiable dispute, Dostoyevsky faced malediction and rudeness. Conservative critics, on the other hand, overlooked this episode of A Writer’s Diary. This idea started to be appreciated only in the 20th century, long after the writer’s death, and was developed in the works of S. Zweig, N. Berdyaev and others. Notwithstanding the fact that contemporary critics question the presence of catharsis in Dostoevsky’s prose, one should admit that it is one of the categories of his poetics. The purification through suffering is the essence of the aesthetic empathy between the author and his reader. It implies the meaning of his creative works.

  5. Couples Counseling Directive Technique: A (Mis)communication Model to Promote Insight, Catharsis, Disclosure, and Problem Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahaffey, Barbara A.

    2010-01-01

    A psychoeducational model for improving couple communication is proposed. An important goal in couples counseling is to assist couples in resolving communication conflicts. The proposed communication model helps to establish a therapeutic environment that encourages insight, therapeutic alliance formation, catharsis, self-disclosure, symptom…

  6. A catharsis in the mirror: Lobo Antunes’s Os cus de Judas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neiva Kampff Garcia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The 1979 novel Os cus de Judas by António Lobo Antunes, is part of a trilogy with Memória de elefante ([1979] 2009 and Conhecimento do inferno ([1980] 2006, which he calls ‘the learning cycle’. It demystifies, in fiction, the official reports on the colonial war in an autobiographical elaboration. Dealing with the African colonial war, contemporary Portuguese society, alienation about the African events and the omissive silence among the upper classes, the narrative of a comeback is revealed by auto-reflexive reminiscence. The process, conducted by the Antonian narrator, constitutes a catharsis in front of the mirror, whose protagonist is a psychiatrist who speaks about, in and for himself from his childhood to the present. An overwhelming and vigorous writing introduces a new perspective into Portuguese literature in the historical period of post-25th April, dealt with in current article.

  7. Inplenentation of psychological catharsis systen based on Kinect sonatosensory sensor%基于Kinect体感传感器的心理宣泄系统的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建敏; 许晓伟; 贾慧媛

    2014-01-01

    击打宣泄是心理宣泄疗法的主要手段。基于Kinect体感传感器和Direct3D图形绘制编程接口,设计并实现了心理宣泄系统。系统利用Kinect体感传感器采集人体关节点坐标信息,控制虚拟拳头击打虚拟击打对象,模拟真实拳击运动,通过击打实现心理宣泄。实验表明:该系统不仅能获得良好的心理宣泄效果,而且,可以为健身运动提供新的体验平台,其计算出的击打力还可作为拳击训练的重要参考标准。%Hitting catharsis is the primary means of psychological catharsis therapy. Based on Kinect somatosensory sensor and Direct3D graphics rendering programming interface,psychological catharsis system is designed and implemented. This system uses Kinect somato sensory sensor to collect coordinates information of joints of human body,to control virtual fist to hit virtual hitting objects,and to simulate real scene of boxing,in order to achieve psychological catharsis by hitting. Experimental results show that this system can not only achieve good psychological catharsis effect,but also can provide a new experience platform for fitness exercises,and at the same time,the impact force calculated can be used as an important reference of boxing training.

  8. Tracing the roots of the idea of dialysis: a leap of 20 centuries--from "catharsis" to dialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamandopoulos, Athanasios A; Goudas, Pavlos C

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we comment on a primitive foresight of Galen's regarding the value of blood purification. His main arguments are based on: (i) The disease-blood concept, i.e., the idea that blood can be unclean (with an either excess or bad-quality humor) and thus cause a disease; (ii) Cure can be achieved if elimination (catharsis in Greek) of the humor (toxin) is possible; (iii) If the toxins are limited in the intravascular space, their elimination will be sufficient for cure by just a single attempt of replacing the unclean blood with pure; (iv) If the toxins have also affected the extravascular space, then repeated attempts will be needed; (v) The whole procedure can be compared with the insufficiency of washing once a dirty clay pot and immediately filling it with a pure liquid. The dirt that has adhered to the pot's walls will contaminate the pure liquid. Thus, repeated washing is needed to achieve cleanliness. Galen's metaphor of washing a dirty pot for a long period and eventually achieving a pure content is strikingly similar to the theory of hemodialysis. According to this, uremic toxins are spread both intravascularly and extravascularly. To eliminate them, long and repeated "washing" of the blood is needed. One of the reasons the first attempts to dialyze failed was that this "washing" procedure was inadequate (the other reasons were clotting of the blood, infections and access problems).

  9. Joseph Beuys: trauma and catharsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottomann, C; Stollwerck, P L; Maier, H; Gatty, I; Muehlberger, T

    2010-12-01

    Joseph Beuys was one of the most significant artists of the 20th century. He was a gunner and radio operator in the German Air Force during World War II, and was severely injured several times. In March 1943 he had a life-changing experience after the dive bomber he was assigned to crashed in the Crimean peninsula. This trauma influenced Beuys' entire artistic career, and is known in art history as the 'Tartar Legend' or 'Tartar Myth'. Profoundly affected by the crash, the severe trauma, the near-death experience and his rescue, which he perceived as a "rebirth", Beuys no longer saw himself, other people or society as a whole in the same way as previously. With his new consciousness, he ignored boundaries and created visions whereby all mankind could experience the healing he had undergone. Beuys did not bring society far enough for the turning point towards "the healing of the world" to be visible, yet today it is important to keep his work alive as a record of his extraordinary strength, which arose from trauma and severe injury, and was carried by a passionate commitment to mankind and to life itself.

  10. Emotional Catharsis of High School Students from the Perspective of Popular Music Aesthetic Theory%论高中生在通俗音乐审美中的情感宣泄

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨名莉

    2012-01-01

    通俗音乐作为音乐的一种形式,关注人的情绪与情感、成长与生活,成为了很多人宣泄情感、张扬生命的方式。它具有主题内容通俗、简单性、娱和}生、流行性以及多元文化性等特征,这些特征促使通俗音乐成为各种心灵压抑不同的人的情感宣泄地带。高中学生精神上的压力是极大的,通俗音乐的曲调和歌词能张扬他们的内心世界,宣泄他们的情感,减轻他们的沉重压力,使他们有轻松的精神去迎接学习和生活上的挑战。%Popular music,as a form of music, focuses on people' s mood and emotion,growth and tile and has been the way tor many peo- ple's emotional catharsis. It is characterized by popular content, simplicity, entcttaintnent, epidemic and multiple cultural features, which make popular music emotional catharsis for the depressed. High school students study under great pressure mental, and the melodies and lyrics of pop- ular music can help them publicize their inner world,give vent to their emotional,relieve their stress,and relax themselves to meet the challeng- es in study and life.

  11. 漂白土洗胃联合清胰Ⅱ号导泻对口服百草枯中毒兔的治疗观察%Therapeutic effects of gastric lavage with fuller earth combined with QingyiⅡ catharsis in treatment of oral paraquat poisoning in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆元兰; 周满红; 胡杰; 李建国

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo observe the therapeutic effects of gastric lavage with fuller earth combined with QingyiⅡ catharsis in treatment of oral paraquat poisoning in rabbits.Methods Thirty healthy adult Japanese white rabbits were randomly divided into five groups: namely control group, model group, gastric lavage group (lavage of 10%fuller earth suspension), catharsis group (QingyiⅡ catharsis), and combination group (10 minutes after gastric lavage of fuller earth suspension liquid, giving QingyiⅡ for catharsis), with 6 rabbits in each group. All groups were challenged with paraquat (100 mg/kg) diluted to 5 mL with normal saline by lavage to reproduce the model of acute poisoning, while the control group was given 5 mL of normal saline instead. Each treatment group was treated accordingly at 1 hour after gavages of paraquat, and treatment continued for 3 days. The animal survival rate was observed. Venous blood samples were collected from ear marginal vein to determine the plasma concentration of paraquat by ultraviolet spectrophotometer at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 hours after the poisoning. The animals were sacrificed by intravenous air injection on the 8th day after the poisoning, and the right lower lobe of lung was harvested to observe the lung tissue pathological changes with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining.Results① Survival rate: the surviving rate of the combination group (6 rabbits) was higher than that of gastric lavage group (5 rabbits), catharsis group (2 rabbits) and model group (0 rabbit) on the 2nd day with statistically significant difference (P< 0.001). The survival rate on the 7th day in combination group (5 rabbits) was higher than that of gastric lavage group (3 rabbits), and catharsis group (0 rabbit) with statistically significant difference (P = 0.003).② Plasma concentrations of paraquat: plasma paraquat concentration in all groups peaked at 2 hours after intoxication, and its levels in the gastric lavage, catharsis and combination groups were

  12. Catharsis and Compensation: The Patricide Writing of HongYing's Novel and its Psychological Mechanism%宣泄与补偿:虹影小说的“弑父”书写及其心理机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦香丽

    2012-01-01

    “宣泄与补偿”是文学治疗最基本也最常用的功能,虹影的创作恰好证明了这一点。对她而言,内在的心灵创伤特别是“私生女”的身世创伤是激发创作冲动的基本原因,而写作则是医治其创伤的表意符号系统。她通过“父”的叙事来宣泄、补偿、升华自己的压抑情绪,而小说所呈现出的“寻父——弑父——认父”的写作模式实际上就是疗伤与救赎的过程。%" Catharsis and compensation" is the most fundamental and commonly used function of literature therapy, and HongYing's novel is just a good example of this point. To her, psychological trauma, especially her illegitimate birth is the basic reason to inspire her impulse in creation, and writing is the ideographic symbol system to cure her wound. She gives vent to, compensates, sublimates her depressed emotion by fathers narrating, and the writing pattern of "seeking- killing- identifying Father" is the process to heal and rescue herself.

  13. The effect of humor on aggression catharsis in the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziv, A

    1987-07-01

    Two studies were designed to measure the cathartic effects of humor on aggressive responses. In the first study, two versions (easy and difficult) of Raven's intelligence test were administered to two groups of high school students. Only the easy version could be solved in the alloted time. Rosenzweig's (1951) Picture Frustration test was then administered and the students' aggressive responses were scored. Results showed that those who did not solve the problems had significantly higher scores on aggressivity than did the others. The second study, using four different groups, was planned according to a modified Solomon design. Two of the four groups of students completed the difficult part of the Raven test, and then two video-tapes were presented: a humorous one to two groups and a neutral one to the others. Finally, the Rosenzweig Picture Frustration test was administered to all four groups. An analysis of variance computed on the aggressivity scores showed one significant difference: frustrated students who viewed the humorous videotape had lower scores than those viewing the neutral one.

  14. Preliminary study on the functional elements in the mixture of wasabi leaf and leaf stalk and its catharsis effect%山葵叶片、叶柄混合物的润肠通便作用及其功效物质的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓琼; 周惠云; 刘先俊

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To explore catharsis effect and its efficiency matter in the mixture of leaf and leaf stalk in wasabi, and to provide basaes for development and utilization leaf and leaf stalk in wasabi that is by-product in wasabi planting as pharmaceutical application. Methods:The mixture of dried powder of wasabi leaf and leaf stalk was obtained by freeze-drying and crushing fresh leaves and leaf stalks. With enzymatic-gravimetric method,total dietary fibre,soluble dietary fibre(SDF) and insoluble dietary fibre(IDF) in mixture of dried powder are determined.Isothiocyanates in mixture of dried powder was removed by adding water and incubating in 371 overnight. The matters soluble in water were removed by adding water,incubating in 371 overnight,centrifugation in 5 000 r/ min×10 min and precipitation. The effect were tested in moistening intestines and freeing the stool in mice (advancing movement of small intestine,the time of first black feces excretion,the numbers of feces in 6 h and the weight of feces in 6 h). The above samples included the mixture of dried powder of wasabi leaf and leaf stalk,that free of isothiocyanates and that free of water-soluble elements. Results:The total dietary fibre in mixture of dried powder of wasabi leaf and leaf stalk was 92.3 g/kg,soluble dietary fibre (SDF) was 48.2 g/kg,insoluble dietary fibre(IDF) was 44.1 g/kg and ratio of SDF and IDF is l.l.As for the effect in moistening the intestines and freeing the stool,the above three samples (mixture of dried powder of wasabi leaf and leaf stalk,that free of isothiocyanates, and that free of water-soluble elements) had effect in enhancing small intestine movility, shortening the first time of caca-tion, increasing the amount of feces pellets in 6 h and total quantity of feces in 6 h. The comparison between the three samples in 3 groups showed significantly different (P<0.05). Conclusion: The total content of and soluble dietary fibre (SDF) in mixture of dried powder of wasabi leaf and

  15. Tolerance for Ambiguity in Female Clients: A Further Test of the Catharsis Model for Predicting Early Counseling Dropout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilbrun, Alfred B., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Female nonclient subjects showing high tolerance for ambiguity on a laboratory task were found to be lower on a validated scale of counseling readiness than low-tolerant females. Higher tolerance for ambiguity in female clients was associated with earlier departure from counseling and with less improvement. (Author)

  16. Catharsis from Violence Content in Video Games%游戏暴力的宣泄作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缑赫; 李景华

    2013-01-01

    电子游戏中的暴力成分一直广受诟病,许多研究都认为它增加了青少年的暴力倾向,然而却往往忽略了玩家自身的感受.电子游戏的参与性决定了它与其他媒介暴力的不同,许多玩家表示玩游戏的过程使他们感到放松,有宣泄负面情绪的作用.以费什巴赫的“宣泄”假说和心理学上的“替代性满足”为理论依据,通过对游戏玩家的调查访问,采用自传研究法,论证游戏暴力的宣泄作用.

  17. Effects of Dance Therapy using Tissue Papers on Mental Health of University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Yagi, Arisa

    2010-01-01

    In this study, catharsis in dance therapy and its effect were discussed using the case study of a group dance therapy workshop for university students with the method of utilizing tissue papers, one of the materials that can promote development of symbolic expressions. The results showed the following: 1.The body and mind will be unlocked by improvisational group movements. 2.Symbolic work like pulling out contents and release of unconscious worked together to obtain catharsis. 3. When the in...

  18. Terapi Seni Melalui Melukis pada Pasien Skizofrenia dan Ketergantungan Narkoba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarie Rahma Anoviyanti

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available For centuries, human used various forms and/or elements of art as an effort to ‘treat’ their body and souls. The ancient Greece used the existence of theatrical art as something that has catharsis effect in “cleansing” and/or “healing” their souls. Through this understanding, the author explores the effect of art activities on the process of mental recovery (art therapy. It is observed that through the process, catharsis effect serves as an important part of art therapy; exploring process and activities that unites disciplines of Art and Psychology as means for treatment.

  19. Group Leader Development: Effects of Personal Growth and Psychoeducational Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohrt, Jonathan H.; Robinson, E. H., III; Hagedorn, W. Bryce

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to compare the effects of personal growth groups and psychoeducational groups on counselor education students' (n = 74) empathy and group leader self-efficacy. Additionally, we compared the degree to which participants in each group valued: (a) cohesion, (b) catharsis, and (c) insight. There were no…

  20. Sexual Assaults in the Marine Corps: Really Increasing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    proactive prevention) - Employed Catharsis Productions’ “Sex Signals”, a prevention that targets the “ Millennial Generation”, which was the Marine...National Network 
 http://www.rainn.org/ Violence Against Women Online Resources 
 http://www.vaw.umn.edu Planned Parenthood 
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  1. Post-assassination Newspaper Editorial Eulogies: Analysis and Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldzwig, Steven R.; Sullivan, Patricia A.

    1995-01-01

    Analyzes postassassination newspaper editorials eulogizing John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert F. Kennedy. Argues that they fulfill four rhetorical functions: providing a public space for symbolic catharsis, celebrating individual virtues and mythic constructions of those virtues, attempting to reknit communal bonds, and calling…

  2. Effects of Television Viewing in an Experimental Aggression Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anchor, Kenneth N.

    This investigation used a convergent measures design to explore the relationship of television viewing habits and preferences to experimentally emitted aggressive behavior. The catharsis argument posits that watching programs high in aggressive content provides a socially adaptive outlet for involvement with aggression. Groups of college and…

  3. Violence-Related Attitudes and Beliefs: Scale Construction and Psychometrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Pamela A.; Anastasio, Phyllis A.

    2006-01-01

    The 50-item Violence-Related Attitudes and Beliefs Scale (V-RABS) includes three subscales measuring possible causes of violent behavior (environmental influences, biological influences, and mental illness) and four subscales assessing possible controls of violent behavior (death penalty, punishment, prevention, and catharsis). Each subscale…

  4. Bonding and Emotional Reeducation of Couples in the PAIRS Training: Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durana, Carlos

    1996-01-01

    Uses quantitative and qualitative research methods to evaluate the impact of the bonding and catharsis segment of a measure of intimate relationship skills. Results suggest that the segment can lead to significant improvements in marital adjustment, cohesion, self-esteem, and anxiety levels. Explores differences in changes for males and females.…

  5. Bibliotherapy. Fact Sheet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    A definition of bibliotherapy, who should conduct it, when and how it can be used, and some limitations are briefly addressed. Identification, catharsis, and insight are described as the three processes taking place in bibliotherapy. A list of techniques for accurately determining the needs of students, basic procedures in conducting…

  6. The Re-Educated Imagination and the Power of Literary Engagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdan, Deanne

    1990-01-01

    Drawing from personal experiences of catharsis in the reading of literary works, presents a new and broader theory of reader response. Considers the classical distinctions that have been made about the nature of response, arguing that the disturbing trends in contemporary world events must set the context of current readings. (DMM)

  7. Memory as Travel in Asian American Children's Literature: Bridging Home and School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ching, Stuart H. D.; Pataray-Ching, Jann

    2002-01-01

    Examines Asian American children's literature. Suggests that four representations of memory in Asian American children's literature (memory as recovery, as cultural change, as catharsis, and as border crossing) compose an empowering discourse for Asian and Asian American students negotiating competing cultural and economic motives in American…

  8. Collaboration and Cultural Identity in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Andrea Faye

    2014-01-01

    Andrea Faye Hart is a community journalist and teaching artist who experiments with citizen media to especially empower youth. She runs a civic media and a catharsis through media-making programs for Free Spirit Media, as well as a verse and investigative journalism program for Young Chicago Authors. In this article, as a teaching artist working…

  9. Neurolinguistic programming as an adjunct to other psychotherapeutic/hypnotherapeutic interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, E S

    1990-01-01

    The therapeutic dissociative techniques of "anchoring" and "three-part dissociation," neurolinguistic programming (NLP) treatment paradigms incorporating the idea of division into ego states, are effective in crisis intervention and as a stimulus for catharsis. Using the anchoring technique in the first session, a patient with severe anxiety, manifested by episodes of hyperactivity, was able to superimpose inner resources upon the situations which led to the episodes. Utilizing three-part dissociation, the patient experienced the hyperactive episodes "for the very last time" and terminated them permanently. Hypnotic exploration and ideomotor signaling were used with a patient presenting with uncomfortable feelings associated with intense anger. After the origin of the anger was determined, a three-part dissociation produced an abreaction and catharsis. Interaction at a cognitive level integrated the feelings and knowledge into personal consciousness.

  10. Individual differences in motives, preferences, and pathology in video games: the gaming attitudes, motives, and experiences scales (GAMES)

    OpenAIRE

    Hilgard, Joseph; Engelhardt, Christopher R.; Bartholow, Bruce D.

    2013-01-01

    A new measure of individual habits and preferences in video game use is developed in order to better study the risk factors of pathological game use (i.e., excessively frequent or prolonged use, sometimes called “game addiction”). This measure was distributed to internet message boards for game enthusiasts and to college undergraduates. An exploratory factor analysis identified 9 factors: Story, Violent Catharsis, Violent Reward, Social Interaction, Escapism, Loss-Sensitivity, Customization, ...

  11. Individual differences in motives, preferences, and pathology in video games: The gaming attitudes, motives, and experiences scales (GAMES)

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph eHilgard; Engelhardt, Christopher R.; Bartholow, Bruce D.

    2013-01-01

    A new measure of individual habits and preferences in video game use is developed in order to better study the risk factors of pathological game use (i.e., excessively frequent or prolonged use, sometimes called game addiction). This measure was distributed to internet message boards for game enthusiasts and to college undergraduates. An exploratory factor analysis identified 9 factors: Story, Violent Catharsis, Violent Reward, Social Interaction, Escapism, Loss-Sensitivity, Customization,...

  12. Connection Between Ethics and Poetics in Aristoteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismet Tekerek

    2013-06-01

    Action and character are two major concepts which called human into being in the past and also for the moment and will render human exist in the future. If action is being executed through the preference of free will of a conscious and prudent person then character of that person can be spoken. Action, character and preference of free will have an important position at the ethical and aesthetical views of Aristotle. He presents his views on the function of action, character and tragedia at his work Poetics in which he composed theatre aesthetics of the era by analysing tragedias originated from rituals and mythology and which are played for thousands of people. According to his views, sciences can be classified as practical and theoretical. Since practical sciences deal with human-character which is the source of action, theatre can be evaluated as practical art by following his views on tragedia and examples. Because tragedia is the imitation of an action which is experienced by a character who is better than the average, and this action orients the person to the good through catharsis which it creates. Aeschylus’ “Prometheus Bound” and Sophocles’ “Antigone”, which are among the most important and mature tragedias, are two examples projecting Aristotle’s ideas on action, character, free will, individual preference and average ethics. Only a tragic hero who executes his action by using his individual preference with his free will and carries out this action coherently can create catharsis on the audience. The audience watchs the conflict between equal powers developed by the tragedia, gets into catharsis; and the calmness after catharsis serves the view of good-wise citizen which is the target of Atistotle’s total views. Thinking once more on this dialectical relation between action, character, free will and individual preference which are also the basis of Aristotle’s philosophy is important in terms of interrogating the human and his values, of

  13. Northern Economic Hub:Beijing or Tianjin?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The government says Tianjin, today's market suggests Beijing and some academics say the "or" is all wrong Beijing and Tianjin, the two largest cities in north China, are going through catharsis. According to the re-planning of the State Council, Beijing should shed its role as north China's economic center, and Tianjin should grow into being just that. Tianjin has long been viewed as an important economic center, but not the cen

  14. Leftist Terrorist Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    instead of outcasts. (3:14). Frantz Fanon , the psychologist from Martinique who became the ideologist of the Algerian revolution of the 1950’s provides...that the Panther leaders derived their attitudes of guerrilla warfare and revolution principally from Frantz Fanon who 78 insisted that racism and...to Fanon . A catharsis can be found in violence. The Cleaver faction felt that Fanon’s ideology justified their revolutionary mood and assured them of

  15. Connection Between Ethics and Poetics in Aristoteles

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    Ismet Tekerek

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Quality Research AwardEditorial InformationEditorial SummaryEditorial BoardSearch Home Journal Archive Vol.1,no.1,2012,Abstract10Connection Between Ethics and Poetics in Aristoteles   Ismet TEKEREKPh.D., Aegean University, Izmir.   ABSTRACT Action and character are two major concepts which called human into being in the past and also for the moment and will render human exist in the future. If action is being executed through the preference of free will of a conscious and prudent person then character of that person can be spoken. Action, character and preference of free will have an important position at the ethical and aesthetical views of Aristotle. He presents his views on the function of action, character and tragedia at his work Poetics in which he composed theatre aesthetics of the era by analysing tragedias originated from rituals and mythology and which are played for thousands of people. According to his views, sciences can be classified as practical and theoretical. Since practical sciences deal with human-character which is the source of action, theatre can be evaluated as practical art by following his views on tragedia and examples. Because tragedia is the imitation of an action which is experienced by a character who is better than the average, and this action orients the person to the good through catharsis which it creates. Aeschylus’ “Prometheus Bound” and Sophocles’ “Antigone”, which are among the most important and mature tragedias, are two examples projecting Aristotle’s ideas on action, character, free will, individual preference and average ethics. Only a tragic hero who executes his action by using his individual preference with his free will and carries out this action coherently can create catharsis on the audience. The audience watchs the conflict between equal powers developed by the tragedia, gets into catharsis; and the calmness after catharsis serves the view of good-wise citizen which is the

  16. Fear and Anxiety in the Dimensions of Art

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    Maria POPCZYK

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper I am concerned with various manifestations of aesthetic fear and anxiety, thatis, fear and anxiety triggered by works of art, which I discuss from aesthetic as well as anthropologicalperspectives. I analyse the link between fear and pleasure in catharsis, in EdmundBurke’s notion of the sublime, and in reference to Goya’s Black Paintings and to Paul Virilio’sthought. Both aesthetic fear and aesthetic anxiety exist alongside other emotions, such as pityand sadness, and, most notably, alongside pleasure which is autonomous or which arises froma fascination with evil.

  17. Arteterapia : poznanie i wyrażanie siebie

    OpenAIRE

    Linek, Agata

    2012-01-01

    The article describes briefly the history of art therapy. It attempts to shed some light on the sense of existence and the need for this type of therapy. It also pays attention to the fundamental role of art in human life. Through referring to the concept of catharsis, the author indicates that the influence of art on men and women has been known since the ancient times. The article lists definitions and describes types of art therapy, as well as its various functions. This interdisciplinary ...

  18. United States Holocaust Museums: Pathos, Possession, Patriotism

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    Rob Baum

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the role of United States holocaust museums in directing (American knowledge and memory of World War II, and demonstrates how signifiers of race, colour and Jewishness are played out and theatricalised. Erected in two principal U.S. cities of Los Angeles and Washington, D.C., the Holocaust Museum and Museum of Tolerance uphold very different mandates: the first dedicated to revealing European civilian tragedies during WWII; the latter dealing with Jewish persecution and the L.A. Riots of 1991, with references to other cultural catastrophes. While these projects are different, they are not opposed; both museums locate the American perspective of events and their meanings at the forefront. American holocaust museums seem to challenge spaces between memory and its direction, vision and revision. Within the gruesome context of holocaust portrayal, interrogate the valences of memory’s play and expose American holocaust museums as theatres of pornographic memory. The seduction of feeling does not invite change so much as purgation, what Aristotle identified as catharsis — an emotional and physical release, unfortunately replicating the seductive techniques used by Goebbels for the glorification of Hitler. Through manipulation of viewers as automatic audiences, these museums function as centres for pathos I question the policy and polity of presenting genocide as an entertainment leading to catharsis, recognizing that the final act of purgation is all too easily negation.

  19. An Angle of Seeing: Pornography and Profanity as Pharmakon in Darko’s Beyond the Horizon and The Housemaid

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    Philomena Abeka

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available What strategies does a female writer develop to overcome her anxiety of correcting the moral decadence in her society? Inappropriate as the use of pornography and profanity must have always seemed, Amma Darko has managed to put some positive and meritorious spins on them and seriously use them. In this paper, we examine how in two books, Beyond the Horizon and The housemaid, Amma Darko strategizes to use pornography and profanity as remedies; that moral cleansing can be achieved by the strategic use of immoral pictures and language. This strategy traces back to Aristotle’s age-old prescription that catharsis must be the final achievement of curtailing tragedy. In this paper, therefore, we observe how the use of pornography and profanity can contribute to the cleansing of a society whose moral fibre is engulfed in decadence. Furthermore, a near-laser analysis of the relationships between (catharsis-based pharmakon, pornography and profanity as given in the books in discussion is done.

  20. [Treatment and personality development with art therapy. A description of the method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antalfai, Márta

    2007-01-01

    Composition as a creative form of self-expression plays an important role not only in maintaining health, but also in gaining insight into the healthy personality and in the definition of this category. It seems nowadays that psychology has collected more information on the pathological personality than on the healthy one. Therefore, different workshops of art therapy are also scenes of a "spiritual alchemy" because they can give a deeper insight into the personality in addition to the primary aim of treatment. The method of the thematic art psychotherapy based on catharsis-experience is based on analytical psychology and on analytically oriented group-therapy. The aim is to generate artificial catharsis-experiences employing the impressive forces of poems, music compositions in order to raise the unconscious or the partly experienced partner-conflicts to the surface, which could manifest themselves in the process of the creative work and could be elaborated in group-activity. The creative process (specially adapted art techniques) provides good opportunities for patients to depict their traumas and complexes and also to resolve them involving the whole personality and not only at a cognitive level. The method, tuned to the workings of nature, helps the personality to develop the emotional and volitional segments, the sensitive and empathetic capabilities, as well as the recognition skills of consciousness. In the therapeutic process, the work of art that is created holds a mirror to the creator, offering to him or her the opportunity to face the real complex at the background the actual conflict. The method aims to achieve a reconstruction of psychic dynamics in two ways. The first is an emotional resonance to the changes of nature, of the year and of the feasts, in which the psychic process starts from inside to the direction of the outside world (psychic enrichment and accomodation). The second way leads from the outer world to the inner one and this psychic

  1. Die term dramaties: terug na Aristoteles

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    D. A. Pauw

    1994-05-01

    Full Text Available The word dramatic: Back to AristotleExpressions such as dramatic portrayal, dramatic action or dramatic scene frequently occur in works discussing drama. What is, however, meant by the word dramatic? Do we fully appreciate its meaning as it was meant to be understood by Aristotle in his Ars Poetica? Commencing from Aristotle's definition of tragedy and his ensuing discussion of its elements, the wide spectrum of meaning of the word dramatic is illustrated. The aspects touched upon are the following: the functionality of information, conflict, complication, suspense, turning point, tragic flaw, catharsis and pathos. The identification with protagonist and antagonist is discussed, as well as the relevance of character portrayal for the action. Graphic, exciting and moving descriptions form part of dramatic portrayal, and so do the monologue, the speech and dialogue, finally, the word dramatic may he defined in terms of emotions evoked, while dramatic action mostly comprises a timeless universal truth.

  2. Infertility: psychotherapeutic issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, M B

    1992-01-01

    In supportive therapy with infertility patients, the clinician tries to relieve dysphoria and enhance self-esteem. Dynamically informed supportive interventions are designed to decrease guilt that may relate to past sexual activities, sexually related diseases, or abortions. These interventions should also be empathetic, promote optimism and reality testing, help with problem solving, allow catharsis and ventilation, decrease feelings of isolation and loneliness, educate and clarify, and praise and encourage where appropriate. Mental health clinicians have an important role to play in the treatment of these patients, provided they learn enough about the psychology of the experience of infertility and about the technology utilized in its treatment. As the number of people seeking treatment for infertility grows, the need for skilled therapists for this population will grow at a parallel rate.

  3. Otázka viny a trestu v Aristotelovej Poetike (Question of Guilt and Punishment in Aristotle’s Poetics

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    Anton Vydra

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The Greek term hamartia means guilt, and sin, mistake or error as well. The origin of the word is a verb hamartanein—missing the mark. In his Poetics Aristotle describes it as an important constituent of tragedy. Guilt must be punished, even if it is not personal. A hero can be punished without his personal participation on any guilt. Father’s sin is sufficient reason for son’s punishment—that is a problem of “ancestral sin.” Two examples of Greek dramas, of Aeschylus and Euripides, point out to the use of the word in different contexts. Guilt (or sin and punishment of tragic hero lead beholders to the catharsis of two emotions: of pity and fear.

  4. Alan Strange as an adolescent: a discussion of Peter Shaffer's Equus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, J

    1976-01-01

    Psychoanalytic knowledge of adolescence helps us to understand the protagonists of Peter Shaffer's play Equus. Alan Strang, the seventeen-year-old who maimed six horses, had undergone a retreat from oedipal wishes to narcissism typical of teenagers. His fragile attempts at achieving a sound sense of identity are undermined when his seeking of a noninestuous object produces panic and impotence. Dr. Dysart, the psychiatrist who envies his patient's passion, and fears hurting him through treatment, displays in an exaggerated way countertransferences often seen in therapists of adolescents. In addition, his doubts have some foundation in that the treatment he employs, catharsis, can encourage primitive defenses and the outpouring of uncontrolled, unneutralized drive derivatives. This is more likely to prevent adaptive creativity than the cure the doctor dreads. Finally, some technical problems in dealing with sublimations in psychoanalysis (which is not Dr. Dysart's form of treatment) are discussed.

  5. How music-inspired weeping can help terminally ill patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Kay

    2011-09-01

    Music's power to improve the 'human condition' has been acknowledged since ancient times. Something as counter-intuitive as weeping in response to music can ameliorate suffering for a time even for terminally ill patients. Several benefits-including catharsis, communication, and experiencing vitality-can be associated with grieving in response to "sad" music. In addressing the potential rewards of such an activity for terminally ill patients, this author combines concepts from philosopher Jerrold R. Levinson's article, entitled "Music and Negative Emotion," an illustration from a major motion picture, and supporting research from medical reports and aesthetic writings. Carefully offering this experience is recommended for patients who retain the capacity to express preference.

  6. Good grief: bereavement literature for young adults and A Monster Calls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Giskin

    2012-12-01

    Recent years have seen a proliferation of critically acclaimed novels for young adults dealing with bereavement. This is part of a 'bereavement turn'--a contemporary cultural movement to examine publicly our attitudes to death and grieving. This paper examines the narrative strategies in Patrick Ness's award-winning novel A Monster Calls to look at the ways in which the psychic burden of the impending loss of a parent through cancer is managed. The book draws on conventions of children's literature to create a sense of familiarity that helps to balance the emotional stress of the story. The Kübler-Ross stages of grief serve as a heuristic that helps the story deliver catharsis in spite of its inevitably traumatic subject matter. A Monster Calls is an important addition to the canon of fictional pathography.

  7. Angelic and Crepuscular in Alexandru Sever’s Drama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena IANCU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The illustration of a world, apparently drifting, the (demystification of the transcendent and of the act of creation, as idea and textual strategy, seem to Alexandru Sever (1921-2010 a means for another beginning. The impossibility of action in Înger bătrîn/ The Old Angel (1977 and the pact-making in Îngerul slut/ The Miscreated Angel (1982, imply metamorphosis in essence, supported by the dialogue with the great texts of the world, by intertextuality (the biblical text, Shakespeare's texts -Hamlet -Yorick, texts written by Göethe, Beckett, Marlowe, Dostoevsky, J. P. Sartre, Mikhail Bulgakov and others. The projection of Auschwitz, as a Siberia of the spirit, and that of Faustianism, result in a detailed analysis of the human, both as individuality and as community, in an attempt to illustrate the (inintelligible inaction, death involving catharsis in the mundane and the theatre alike.

  8. Brecht e Aristóteles Brecht and Aristotle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Fernando Bolognesi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A concepção teatral de Brecht não é radicalmente oposta à de Aristóteles. A estética brechtiana, em muitos aspectos, é herdeira das idéias de Aristóteles. O teatro épico proposto por Brecht tem em seu horizonte de combate o teatro de matriz naturalista e o drama psicológico. Mimese e catarse não significam identificação do público com a cena e com o herói.The Bertold Brecht's conception of the theater is not radically opposed to that of Aristotle. Brechtian aesthetics is, in many aspects, heiress of Aristotle's ideas. The epic theater proposed by Brecht opposes naturalistic theater and psychological drama. Mimesis and catharsis don't mean the identification of the public with the scene and the hero.

  9. An Enlightened «Tonadilla» in the Context of Barcelona: Jacinto Valledor’s «El eclipse» (1778

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurèlia PESSARRODONA PÉREZ

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Despite the interest that emerged in the last decade to rescue the eighteenth-century tonadilla from oblivion, we still know little about the links between this genre and the Enlightenment ideology of the time. The present article depicts the case of El eclipse, a tonadilla with music by Jacinto Valledor, composed for the Theater of Barcelona on the occasion of the solar eclipse of 24 June 1778. Within a particular theatrical context, this tonadilla shows a surprising interest in disseminating the astronomical phenomenon of the eclipse, even in relation to contemporary texts. Therefore, this work can be considered as «enlightened», but always within the humorous catharsis of this brief genre.

  10. The rites in the mysteries of Dionysus: the birth of the drama

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    Britt-Mari Näsström

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The Greek drama can be apprehended as an extended ritual, originating in the ceremonies of the Dionysus cult. In particular, tragedy derived its origin from the sacrifice of goats and the hymns which were sung on that occasion. Tragedia means "song of the male goat" and these hymns later developed into choruses and eventually into tragedy, in the sense of a solemn and purifying drama. The presence of the god Dionysus is evident in the history and development of the Greek drama at the beginning of the fifth century B.C. and its sudden decline 150 years later. Its rise seems to correspond with the Greek polis, where questions of justice and divine law in conflict with the individual were obviously a matter of discussion and where the drama had individual and collective catharsis (purifying in mind.

  11. Effect of television violence on children and youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberg, M B

    1975-12-08

    One hundred forty-six articles in behavioral science journals, representing 50 studies involving 10,000 children and adolescents from every conceivable background, all showed that violence viewing produces increased aggressive behavior in the young and that immediate remedial action in terms of television programming is warranted. Four major issues are covered: effects on learning, emotional effects, the question of catharsis, and effects on aggressive behavior. The research findings regarding each of these issues are summarized, as well as the controversial 1972 Surgeon General's report, Television and Social Behavior. The time is long past due for a major, organized cry of protest from the medical profession in relation to what, in political terms, I consider a national scandal.

  12. 《文选》中哀伤赋以及选录标准%Grief Fu in"The Selection of Literary Works"and Selecting Criteria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭家嵘

    2014-01-01

    魏晋南北朝中弥漫着哀怨伤感的气息,《文选》中的哀伤赋正是这乱世文人在作品中的宣泄呐喊,作者巧妙地运用抒情小赋特有的铺陈手法,再现了六朝黑暗狡诈的社会现实以及文人沉浮其中的感情内涵。%It was filled with sorrow and sadness in the Wei ,Jin ,Northern and Southern Dynasties ,so the grief Fu in"The Selection of Literary Works"was the literators'catharsis and cry in this trouble time .The author skillfully used the elaborated method that lyrical Fu peculiarly had to reproduce dark cunning social reality of Six Dynasties and the literators'emotion connotation .

  13. An Expressionist Interpretation of Tennessee Williams’ The Two-Character Play

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Danni Lin

    2015-01-01

    Tennessee Williams was a master playwright of the twentieth century, and his plays A Streetcar Named Desire, The Glass Menagerie, and Cat On A Hot Tin Roof are considered among the finest of the American stage. However, his stylistic innovations in his later period had the playwright trapped in negative criticism. Since scholars have largely ignored the study of his late plays, this essay aims to rediscover one of Tennessee Williams’ late plays, The Two-Character Play for its expressionist features: the abstraction of time and place; the symbolic settings and the use of monologues and fragmented utterances. Through the in-depth study of the playwright’s rendering of human tragedies and desperation, the thesis aims to expose the existential crisis of modern man, thus serving the function of catharsis in Tennessee Williams’ tragedies.

  14. COMIC AGENTS: FROM A POETIC TO AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF COMEDY (ARISTOTLE AND ALFRED GELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANNA KAWALEC

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Aristotle was concerned with the comedy genre as a kind of poetry. Its creators, the comic poets, interested him only marginally. This genological approach to its subject-matter dominated the theory and philosophy of art for subsequent centuries as evidenced by the subsequent elaborations of interpretations of Aristotle’s catharsis. The alternative approach focused instead on subjects as creators of art. As a consequence of the long-term development of anthropocentrism in the humanities, however, this approach took over. The “ performative turn” represents its more recent version. It allows one to interpret Poetics and other classical works not in the context of an object (comedy, but in the context of the acting subject. I claim that social anthropology further explores the concept of comedy and itself presumes it in its conceptual foundations and research approach. I elaborate the argument on the basis of the concept of the “spirit of comedy” coined by Alfred Gell .

  15. Eluding meaninglessness: a note to self in regard to Camus, critical care, and the absurd.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadimos, Thomas John

    2014-01-01

    Here I present a medical narrative, as a catharsis, regarding Albert Camus’s The Myth of Sisyphus in an attempt to elude meaninglessness in my difficult everyday practice of critical care medicine. It is well documented that physicians who practice critical care medicine are subject to burnout. The sense of despair that occasionally overwhelms me prompted my rereading of Camus’s classic text and caused me to recount his arguments that life is meaningless unless one is willing to take a leap of faith to the divine or, alternately, to commit suicide. This set up the examination of his third alternative, acceptance of a life without prima facie evidence of purpose and meaning, a view that may truly have some bearing on my professional life in the intensive care unit.

  16. An expressive therapy group disclosure intervention for women living with HIV improves social support, self-efficacy, and the safety and quality of relationships: a qualitative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machtinger, Edward L; Lavin, Sonja M; Hilliard, Starr; Jones, Rhodessa; Haberer, Jessica E; Capito, Kristen; Dawson-Rose, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Women living with HIV (WLHIV) face high rates of morbidity and mortality. HIV disclosure interventions have been identified as a promising but under-evaluated approach for WLHIV to improve their health and well-being. The Medea Project is an expressive therapy group intervention that was first developed to help incarcerated women develop the confidence and skills to tell their stories publicly in theatrical performances. The intervention was subsequently adapted as a community-based disclosure intervention for WLHIV. Our study describes an analysis of the impact of the Medea Project on the lives of the WLHIV who participated. All participating WLHIV publicly disclosed their HIV status during the performances. Five impact themes emerged from the data: sisterhood, catharsis, self-acceptance, safer and healthier relationships, and gaining a voice. Our study identifies a voluntary, effective, and broadly beneficial disclosure intervention for women living with HIV.

  17. The Emotional Healing Efficacy of Romance Fiction for Undergraduates with Love-related Emotional Disturbance Problems: An Exploratory Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Su-may Sheih

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have revealed that emotional healing reading materials can sooth readers’ negative emotions. Among the various reading materials, the romance fiction is a genre of high healing efficacy for undergraduate students who encounter love-related emotional disturbance. To explore the problems they experience in love relationships and the emotional healing efficacy of romance fictions for such situations, this study first employed content analysis to identify a list of fictions that are considered of emotional healing efficacy. It continued to conduct an online survey to examine the emotional healing process in undergraduate students’ reading experiences. The results showed that undergraduate students often experienced one-sided love, ambiguous relationship, lack of intimacy, rivalry, conflict, and breakup. It also identified 18 Chinese romance titles that may assist the readers to go through the emotional healing stages of identification, catharsis, and insight. [Article content in Chinese

  18. Práxis e "catarsis" como referências avaliativas das ações educacionais das ONG'S, dos sindicatos e dos partidos políticos Praxis and "catarsis" as evaluative references of the education activities of NGO'S, trade unions and political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Francisco Martins

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata das referências avaliativas das ações educacionais desenvolvidas pelas ONG's, sindicatos e partidos políticos, que são entendidas como práxis capazes de gerar "catarsis" de diferentes tipos. Sustentado teoricamente em, basicamente, três autores: Marx, Gramsci e Vázquez, o texto inicia apresentando alguns apontamentos sobre o conceito de práxis e sobre o de "catarsis", para posteriormente identificar a educação como um processo práxico e catártico. Essa compreensão da educação, que resgata os conceitos de "práxis comunitária" e "práxis social", resulta em dupla asserção conclusiva, a saber: primeiro, que todo processo educativo resulta em alguma transformação e, segundo, que nem toda transformação resultante da educação é capaz de alterar as estruturas e superestruturas que caracterizam a totalidade da vida social.This article refers to the evaluation of educational activities developed by NGO's, trade unions and political parties, which are understood as praxis capable of generating "catharsis" of different types. Referenced in basically three authors: Marx, Gramsci and Vázquez, the text begins by presenting some remarks on the concept of praxis and "catharsis", identifying afterwards education as a process at the same praxic and cathartic. This understanding of education, which recalls the concepts of "community praxis" and "social praxis", resulting in a double conclusive assertion, namely: first that the entire educational process results in some change, and second, that not all resulting transformation of education is able to change the structures and superstructures that characterize all social life.

  19. Elenoside increases intestinal motility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E Navarro; SJ Alonso; R Navarro; J Trujillo; E Jorge

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To study the effects of elenoside, an arylnaphthalene lignan from Justicia hyssopifolia, on gastrointestinal motility in vivo and in vitro in rats.METHODS: Routine in vivo experimental assessments were catharsis index, water percentage of boluses,intestinal transit, and codeine antagonism. The groups included were vehicle control (propylene glycol-ethanolplant oil-tween 80), elenoside (i.p. 25 and 50 mg/kg),cisapride (i.p. 10 mg/kg), and codeine phosphate (intragastric route, 50 mg/kg). In vitro approaches used isolated rat intestinal tissues (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum). The effects of elenoside at concentrations of 3.2× 10-4, 6.4 × 10-4 and 1.2 × 10-3 mol/L, and cisapride at 10-6 mol/L were investigated.RESULTS: Elenoside in vivo produced an increase in the catharsis index and water percentage of boluses and in the percentage of distance traveled by a suspension of activated charcoal. Codeine phosphate antagonized the effect of 25 mg/kg of elenoside. In vitro, elenoside in duodenum, jejunum and ileum produced an initial decrease in the contraction force followed by an increase.Elenoside resulted in decreased intestinal frequency in duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. The in vitro and in vivo effects of elenoside were similar to those produced by cisapride.CONCLUSION: Elenoside is a lignan with an action similar to that of purgative and prokinetics drugs.Elenoside, could be an alternative to cisapride in treatment of gastrointestinal diseases as well as a preventive therapy for the undesirable gastrointestinal effects produced by opioids used for mild to moderate pain.

  20. Positive Psychology Group Counseling for New Students of Higher Vocational Schools%积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红萍; 陆伟

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生主观幸福感的影响。方法:将50位高职新生随机分组,实验组接受为期10周、每周一次的积极心理学团体辅导,将其余学生列入等候名单,设为对照组,比较两组团体辅导前后主观幸福感有无差异,分析团体辅导中的疗效因素。结果:1)经过10周的积极心理学团体辅导后,实验组的主观幸福感各项指标均高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义。2)高职新生积极心理学团体辅导中,重要的疗效因子依次为:存在意识因子、团体凝聚力、情绪宣泄。结论:积极心理学团体辅导能有效提高高职学生的主观幸福感,存在意识、团体凝聚力和情感宣泄是积极心理学团体辅导发挥积极影响的重要因素。%Objective To investigate the effectiveness of positive psychology group counseling on the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Methods:50 new students of vocational institute were randomized to Positive Psychology Group Counseling as experiment group or waiting list as control group for an 10-week observation.Index of well-being were administered to compare independently both at baseline and at the end of 10th week.The important therapeutic factor was also suryeyed.Result:1)Compared to control group,after 10-week positive psychology group counseling,index of well-being of the experiment group is significantly higher.2)The important therapeutic factors in positive psychology group counseling were existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis.Conclu sion:Positive psychology group counseling can heighten the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis play significant role in positive psychology group counseling.

  1. 团体心理治疗对强迫症患者治疗的疗效因子研究%Study for therapeutic factors of group psychotherapy in the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊; 李幼辉; 连楠

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relative importance of therapeutic factors in group psychotherapy for patients with obsessive compulsive disorder.Methods Thirty obsessive-compulsive disorder patients underwent 12 weeks of group psychotherapy were given the therapeutic factors questionnaire to assess the relative importance of therapeutic factors in group psychotherapy.Results The important group therapeutic factors were sorted as following:interpersonal gain,interpersonal pay-out,self-realization,catharsis,existential factors,group cohesiveness,universality,instillation of hope,information imparting,altruism,the corrective recapitulation of the primary family group,imitative behavior.One-Way ANOVA showed that the mean difference was significant (P < 0.05 ).Conclusions The relatively important group therapeutic factors are interpersonal gain,interpersonal pay-out,self-realization,catharsis,existential factors and group cohesiveness.%目的 探讨在对强迫症患者进行团体心理治疗过程中各个疗效因子的相对重要性.方法 对符合入组标准的同时完成为期12周的团体心理治疗的30例强迫症患者,进行团体治疗疗效因子问卷的测量,对团体治疗疗效因子的重要性做出评定.结果 本研究提示在强迫症的治疗中,团体心理治疗疗效因子的相对重要性排序为:人际学习(获取)、人际学习(付出)、自我了解、宣泄、存在意识、团体凝聚力、普遍性、希望重塑、传递信息、利他性、原先家庭的矫正性重现、行为模仿.12个因子平均数方差分析差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 人际学习(获取和付出)、自我了解、宣泄、存在意识、团体凝聚力是团体治疗中相对比较重要的疗效因子.

  2. Participatory planning. An interactive management approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, E W

    1987-09-01

    Planning meetings are usually viewed as a means for accomplishing tasks, creating plans, exchanging information, or analyzing material. Although a large part of this article includes a description of work that resulted from planning meetings, the value of the meetings should not be overlooked. Working together on common problems at the hospital regenerated esprit de corps and served to remind individuals of their shared goals. The process fostered an appreciation of the constraints, objectives, and external demands of each professional group using the OR and helped explain seemingly arbitrary or irrational behavior. The meetings also forced tensions out into the open and helped defuse "hot" issues that might have been played out in the OR suite. Although most work units engage in some form of planning, there is a tendency to "get it over with" as quickly as possible until another crisis occurs. Another approach is to schedule group planning and design on a regular basis as a form of group catharsis. Given the high levels of stress that members of the OR are subjected to, this idea may make more than just good planning sense.

  3. 从阴阳失调辨治失眠%Treating Insomnia from Imbalance of Yin and Yang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷凌云; 王蕴伶; 查青山

    2013-01-01

    中医药治疗失眠具有副作用小、消除症状快、临床疗效好等优势。失眠的病因病机:眠为阴,醒为阳,阳气重则醒,阴气重则眠,正常的睡眠是阴阳运行平衡的结果,心肾不交、脾胃不和、肝失疏泄、肺失宣降等导致阴阳的失调而引起失眠。无论病因虚实,均致阴阳失调,才是失眠的关键所在。%Chinese medicine treatment of insomnia have side effects,rapid elimination of symptoms,the clinical efficacy and good advantage. Pathogenesis of insomnia:sleep is yin,yang awake,yang weight is awake,chi while in sleep,normal sleep is the result of running balance of yin and yang,heart and kidney,stomach and liver failure catharsis,lung failure declared down as a result of the imbalance of yin and yang and cause insomnia. Regardless of cause actual situation,are caused by imbalance of yin and yang,is the key to insomnia.

  4. Mito, magia, mimesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Subirats

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The topics developed in this essay are: Mythological memory and the subsistence of traditional cultures; colonialism and the destruction of mythological memories; Christian conversion, and the collapse of the American cosmos. The opposition of mythos and logos thorough Western history. Western longing for mythical roots and the mythological founding of political power. A "mythological" critique of Western civilization: Marx, Nietzsche, Freud. It also focuses on the aesthetic, anthropological and philosophical definitions of mimesis. Its thesis is that mimesis cannot be equated to imitation. The analysis offers a sharp critique of the avant-garde definition of mimesis. This essay analyses the relation of mimesis and possession in the history of religions as well as the relationship between mimesis and catharsis and between mimesis and magic. I also focus on the presence of American myths in modern classical Latin-American literature, in particular the work of Mário de Andrade, Juan Rulfo, and João Guimarães Rosa.

  5. 仪式与功能:体育人类学视野下的宾阳舞炮龙%Ceremony and Function:Binyang Firecracker-Dragon Dance from the Perspective of Sport Anthropology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱应华

    2015-01-01

    The article makes a specific description about Binyang Firecracker-Dragon dance ritual process based on the sport anthro⁃pology perspective,the literature research and field investigation,and analyzes its emotional catharsis,adjustment function,maintaining and the identity function,fitness and entertainment,cultural,educational,economic and social function. The paper holds the view that great changes in the functions of Binyang firecracker-Dragon dance ceremony is an inevitable result of cultural change because of the mo⁃dernity.%以体育人类学的视角,在文献资料调研和田野调查的基础上,对宾阳舞炮龙仪式过程进行了具体的描述,分析了舞炮龙仪式的情绪宣泄与调适功能、维系与认同功能、健身与娱乐功能、文化传承与教育功能、经济功能等社会功能,认为宾阳舞炮龙仪式由于现代性的切入所发生的功能意义上的嬗变是文化变迁的一种必然结果。

  6. Individual differences in motives, preferences, and pathology in video games: the gaming attitudes, motives, and experiences scales (GAMES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgard, Joseph; Engelhardt, Christopher R.; Bartholow, Bruce D.

    2013-01-01

    A new measure of individual habits and preferences in video game use is developed in order to better study the risk factors of pathological game use (i.e., excessively frequent or prolonged use, sometimes called “game addiction”). This measure was distributed to internet message boards for game enthusiasts and to college undergraduates. An exploratory factor analysis identified 9 factors: Story, Violent Catharsis, Violent Reward, Social Interaction, Escapism, Loss-Sensitivity, Customization, Grinding, and Autonomy. These factors demonstrated excellent fit in a subsequent confirmatory factor analysis, and, importantly, were found to reliably discriminate between inter-individual game preferences (e.g., Super Mario Brothers as compared to Call of Duty). Moreover, three factors were significantly related to pathological game use: the use of games to escape daily life, the use of games as a social outlet, and positive attitudes toward the steady accumulation of in-game rewards. The current research identifies individual preferences and motives relevant to understanding video game players' evaluations of different games and risk factors for pathological video game use. PMID:24058355

  7. An interpretation of the symbolic function of Water Myth and itsmanifestations in Firdowsi’s Shahname based on mythological criticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    قائمی قائمی

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mythological or archetypical criticism is an interdisciplinary approach which analyzes the literary text based on the findings of such sciences like psychology, anthropology, history of religion and history of civilization. In the present paper, the writers have studied the function of the aqueous archetype image in the myth of creation and the resulting mysteries in the context of mythological doctrines centered around Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh (Epic of Kings. Water myth, as one of the four contradictory elements forming the mythological material world, has assumed certain roles and is a common phenomenon in the world myths and Shahnameh. The symbolic functions of the water myth have been divided into three parts: 1. In different human cultures, the aqueous myth is a symbol of the beginning of material creation and life cycle in the universe. This function is symbolized in the primal creation of the world out of water and its symbolic end in it. 2. Water Myth is the main symbol of eternity and continuity of material life. This function is symbolized in the "life-sustaining water" and "the healing water". 3. The third function of Water Myth is manifested in the myth of passage through water (water test and symbolic washing by it (baptism myth; this is used as a test for the human catharsis, passage from a former stage into a new, exalted stage symbolized as the archetype of death and rebirth. Keywords: Water Myth, Four Elements, Mythological Criticism (Archetypical criticism, Archetype, Jung, Shahnameh

  8. Research on the Psychological Mechanisms Involved in Network Group Events in Youth%青年参与网络群体事件的心理机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋琳; 郁涛; 王永利

    2014-01-01

    The youth groups play an important role in Network group events in transition period.It is feasible to probe youth′s psychological motivation,dissemination mechanism of subjective information,imitating mechanism of group effect,depersonalized mechanism in network,extramalization mechnism of group identity in network from the following aspects:sense of social justice,strong desire to express,bearing“Robinhood complex”,seeking positive social identity,psychological pressure and negative emotional catharsis and so on.%青年群体在转型时期的网络群体事件中发挥着重要的作用,应从社会正义感、表现欲强、易产生“罗宾汉情结”、寻求积极的社会认同、心理压力和负性情绪宣泄等方面来研究青年群体的心理动机,探索青年群体参与网络群体事件的网络主观信息传播机制、群体效应的模仿机制、网络去个性化机制、网络群体认同极化机制等社会心理机制。

  9. Care of the comatose patient: building mutual staff values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, P B; Smoot, F L

    1985-05-01

    Recognizing individuals' value differences is important to the success of health teams that care for comatose patients, since decisions to withhold or withdraw life-support treatment may lead to conflicts among team members. Such conflicts can adversely affect professional and family relationships. For example, health care personnel cannot work together in harmony or help the family effectively if they disagree about treatment decisions. Although institutional procedures for "do not resuscitate" orders, the treatment of incompetent patients, and other complex issues are helpful, they rarely address value conflicts, which inevitably influence a problem's resolution. Staff members therefore must acknowledge and confront differences they have faced. Such reflection enables catharsis as well as reconciliation of unresolved conflict and permits the group to develop guidelines for future situations. A fictional case also may be used to help work groups gain an understanding of the need for community. Ideally, the team members will sharpen their decision-making skills and gain the confidence to make tough choices in an imperfect, unpredictable world.

  10. PENGARUH MENULIS PENGALAMAN EMOSIONAL DALAM TERAPI EKSPRESIF TERHADAP EMOSI MARAH PADA REMAJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Theozard Fikri

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study focused on the adolescent’s anger, and efforts to manage the emotion of anger. This research used expressive therapy by writing about emotional experience that aims to help adolescents able to express their anger and as a medium of catharsis. The research design was a single group design with “one group pre-test and post-test experimental” method. Participants who attend this research are eight male, with age between 16 to 21 years and had high scores on STAXI Scale. Participants were asked to write down their emotional experiences in a book. The result of the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test showed a significant decreasing in participant’s anger after writing session. The results show that writing an emotional experience in expressive therapies able to reduce the emotion of anger in adolescent.Keywords: anger, emotion, writing emotional experience therapy.

  11. PENGARUH MENULIS PENGALAMAN EMOSIONAL DALAM TERAPI EKSPRESIF TERHADAP EMOSI MARAH PADA REMAJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Theozard Fikri

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on the emotion of adolescent’s anger, and effortsto manage the emotion of anger. This research used expressive therapy bywriting about emotional experience that aims to help adolescents are ableto express their anger and as a medium of catharsis. The research designwas a Single Group Design with “one group pre-test and post-testexperimental” method. Participants who attend this research are eight male,with age between 16 to 21 years and had STAXI’s high scores. Participantswere asked to write down their emotional experiences in a book. Theresult of the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test showed a significant decreasingin participant’s anger emotional after writing session, that is while the pre-test to post-test with a value of z = -1.893 with p = 0.029 (p While pre-test to follow-up with the value z = - 2.524 with p = 0.006 (pwith p = 0.046 (p experience in expressive therapies able to reduce the emotion of anger inadolescent.Key word : writing emotional experience therapy, anger, and emotion.

  12. 音乐干预对高职学生负性情绪的影响研究%Study on the Influences of Music Intervention to the Negative Emotions of Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白毛毛

    2014-01-01

    Music has various mental efficiencies, such as transfer, catharsis, infection. By means of music intervention to higher vocational students’negative emotions to positive effect; the paper proves that it can achieve the goal of slowing students’negative emotions. 80 freshmen are selected in this experiment, and they are divided into two groups equally. The intervention group is interfered by means of music intervention, while the control group adopts the conventional music teaching method. The SCL-90 scales is used to measure the two groups’level of negative emotions. After 8 weeks, it shows that music intervention can effectively reduce the vocational students’level of negative emotions.%本实验共选取80名高职一年级新生,分为人数相等的两组进行对比研究。干预组采用音乐干预手段,对照组采用常规音乐教学手段,通过为期8周的实验,采用SCL-90等量表来测量两组学生的负性情绪水平。研究结果表明,音乐干预能够有效降低高职学生的负性情绪水平。

  13. 从肝论治巩膜炎%Treating scleritis from liver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛莉娜

    2016-01-01

    TCM ophalmic ifve rounds syndrome differentiation was attributed to the lung. Based on clinical observation for many years, the author considered that scleral was attributed to the liver. So treating scleritis from the liver could gain a good effect. In this article, the relationship between sclera and liver was elaborated from the standpoint of liver meridians upwards connected with the sclera; the stored blood and catharsis funtion of liver were closely related to the sclera; and scleritis was caused by liver disharmony.%中医眼科五轮辨证将巩膜归于肺,作者根据多年的临床观察,将巩膜归属于肝,从肝论治巩膜炎,疗效颇佳。本文从肝之经脉上连巩膜、肝的藏血与疏泄功能与巩膜密切相关、肝失和而致巩膜炎发生的角度阐述巩膜与肝的关系。

  14. Technology addiction's contribution to mental wellbeing: The positive effect of online social capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magsamen-Conrad, Kate; Billotte-Verhoff, China; Greene, Kathryn

    2014-11-01

    This research examines the effect of online social capital and Internet use on the normally negative effects of technology addiction, especially for individuals prone to self-concealment. Self-concealment is a personality trait that describes individuals who are more likely to withhold personal and private information, inhibiting catharsis and wellbeing. Addiction, in any context, is also typically associated with negative outcomes. However, we investigate the hypothesis that communication technology addiction may positively affect wellbeing for self-concealing individuals when online interaction is positive, builds relationships, or fosters a sense of community. Within these parameters, increased communication through mediated channels (and even addiction) may reverse the otherwise negative effects of self-concealment on wellbeing. Overall, the proposed model offers qualified support for the continued analysis of mediated communication as a potential source for improving the wellbeing for particular individuals. This study is important because we know that healthy communication in relationships, including disclosure, is important to wellbeing. This study recognizes that not all people are comfortable communicating in face-to-face settings. Our findings offer evidence that the presence of computers in human behaviors (e.g., mediated channels of communication and NCTs) enables some individuals to communicate and fos ter beneficial interpersonal relationships, and improve their wellbeing.

  15. 流行音乐及其情感表达刍议%Discussion on Popular Music and Its Emotional Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周璇

    2015-01-01

    Pop music as a form of music is concerned about the individual’ s emotions and feelings and growth and life, while it has become the means of the emotional release and publicity of life.Its content is featured non-mainstream, entertainment, com-mercial, fashion and cultural diversity, and these features prompted the pop music into the zone of emotional catharsis.Pop tunes e-voke audience’ s spiritual pleasure and rich lyrics publicizes people’ s inner world.%流行音乐作为音乐的一种现代表达形式,关注人的情绪与情感、成长与生活,成为目前很多人情感宣泄、张扬生命的方式。它具有内容非主流性、娱乐性、商品性、流行性以及多元文化性等特征,而这些特征促使了流行音乐成为人的情感宣泄地带。流行音乐的曲调唤起了听众精神上的愉悦,丰富的歌词张扬了不同人的内心世界。

  16. Creation and validation of the personal blogging style scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, James R; Moore, Susan M

    2011-06-01

    A review of blog literature suggests that blogs may have many social and emotional benefits. In particular, there is the suggestion that blogging may have benefits in the forms of coping, insight and growth, catharsis, as a free space to communicate, through feedback, through recognition, and in social support. However, while there have been numerous studies on the potential motivations for and effects of blogging, little quantitative research has been conducted on defining the manner in which one experiences blogging. Thus rather than focusing on motivation for blogging, the present study examined the way in which bloggers perceived and experienced their activity, that is, their blogging style. A 16-item Personal Blogging Style Scale (PBSS) was created after a factor analysis of 25 sample items. Participants were 182 experienced bloggers. The PBSS classifies user experiences by four independent and unique subscales: Therapeutic Blogging, Self-Censoring Blogging, Connected Blogging, and Substitution Blogging. Reliability and validity evidence were presented for the subscales of the measure.

  17. A psycho-educational intervention for depressed women: a qualitative analysis of the process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Ma Asunción; Navarro, Claudia; Acevedo, Maricarmen; Berenzon, Shoshana; Mondragón, Liliana; Rubí, Norma Angélica

    2004-12-01

    Yalom (1995) has stated that psycho-educational interventions could be made more effective by incorporating a focus on the interpersonal process. A qualitative analysis is proposed to investigate the degree of fidelity with which a psycho-educational intervention for women with depressive symptoms was delivered and to identify Yalom's significant therapeutic mechanisms operating in group therapy. The intervention consisted of six 2 two-hour weekly sessions organized around educational material. Eight groups were conducted with 5-19 participants each. A qualitative analysis was undertaken based on Kvale's (1996) technique of 'categorization of meanings' for the transcribed registers of audiotaped recordings. The analysis led to the definition of five major group process categories: establishment of rules, educational exchange, experiential exchange, reflexive work designed to achieve cognitive and behavioural change, and limitations on the exchange process. It showed that the facilitators largely adhered to the goals of the intervention, its strategies and model, and that the main limitations concerned facilitators' and participants'speaking for over-long periods of time and facilitators' failure to cover all the material due to lack of time. The subsequent analysis identified four of Yalom's categories: installation of hope, didactic instruction, catharsis, and universality. In support of Yalom's assertion, we concluded that this exercise was useful in that it highlighted important therapeutic factors that could be more purposefully manipulated in the future.

  18. Individual differences in motives, preferences, and pathology in video games: the gaming attitudes, motives, and experiences scales (GAMES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgard, Joseph; Engelhardt, Christopher R; Bartholow, Bruce D

    2013-01-01

    A new measure of individual habits and preferences in video game use is developed in order to better study the risk factors of pathological game use (i.e., excessively frequent or prolonged use, sometimes called "game addiction"). This measure was distributed to internet message boards for game enthusiasts and to college undergraduates. An exploratory factor analysis identified 9 factors: Story, Violent Catharsis, Violent Reward, Social Interaction, Escapism, Loss-Sensitivity, Customization, Grinding, and Autonomy. These factors demonstrated excellent fit in a subsequent confirmatory factor analysis, and, importantly, were found to reliably discriminate between inter-individual game preferences (e.g., Super Mario Brothers as compared to Call of Duty). Moreover, three factors were significantly related to pathological game use: the use of games to escape daily life, the use of games as a social outlet, and positive attitudes toward the steady accumulation of in-game rewards. The current research identifies individual preferences and motives relevant to understanding video game players' evaluations of different games and risk factors for pathological video game use.

  19. Aggression, anger and violence in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J. Masango

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the roots of aggression, anger and violence in South Africa and the rest of the world. The paper is divided into four parts: Aggression, Anger, Catharsis and Violence. As a result of violence against other human beings, especially women and children, a profound respect for human dignity has been lost. People have become extremely aggressive. The last few decades have created a culture of violence because of the suppression or oppression of feelings. The article argues that frustration yields anger that leads to violent acts. The root cause of violence is frustration, which finally (if not attended to produces anger, anxiety, conflict and the eruption of violence. Suicide bombers in Palestine and other parts of the world demonstrate this type of aggression, anger and violence. Anger, on the one hand, is a good defense mechanism. It helps people cope with frustration. Violence, on the other hand, is used as a means of dominance, especially against women and children. In a political situation it is used as a means of changing social structures.

  20. 健脾疏肝法治疗中青年女性痤疮临床体会%The discussion about treatment of middle -aged female acne with Strengthening Spleen and Soothing Liver therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司小婷; 崔云竹

    2016-01-01

    With the change of modern life style,the incidence of acne gradually increased,it is worth to pay attention to.In TCM,"cover various shaped Zhu",spleen lose health shipped catharsis liver failure,cohesion can cause heat evaporate face and hair acne,clinical with soothing the liver and strengthening the spleen,clearing heat and removing dampness as the basic principle,the stomach of Xuanping powder combined with Jiawei Xiaoyao San,combined with clinical manifestation,syndrome differentiation and square cut,so as to improve acne cure rate.%随着现代生活方式的改变,痤疮发病率逐渐上升,值得引起重视。中医学认为,“盖有诸内者形诸外”,脾失健运、肝失疏泄,可致湿热内聚上蒸面部而发痤疮,临床以健脾疏肝、清热利湿为基本原则,方选平胃散合加味逍遥散加减,并结合临床具体表现,辨证裁方,从而提高痤疮的治愈率。

  1. “And all the windows, great and small”. Finestre in Nightwood di Djuna Barnes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Chiappini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As a recurring subject and powerful symbol, the window dominates the female literary and artistic imagery of the twentieth century. It has been developed into mirror, photograph or painting, according to the writer’s needs, yet the basic shape of the frame is always retraceable. Among late modernist and postmodernist women writers, Djuna Barnes explores in detail the structural resources of this literary device. Although she already understands the potential of the frame in her early career as a journalist, she mostly challenges its extents of versatility in Nightwood (1936. Its crucial moments – either flashing epiphanies or missed catharsis – involve the physical presence of a window, which embodies a powerful narrative agent; more than mere symbol, it is active at several levels. Thematically, doors and windows, pictures and mirrors, play an important cohesive role. At a deeper stage of analysis, the structure of the novel itself is shored up by doors and windows, since the setting is essentially organized into indoors and outdoors scenes; windows and doors allow the characters to move between these two dimensions. On the metaphorical level, windows and doors represent a communicative channel; a room-door opening suggests the access to one’s inner life, whereas a shut window denies any chance of dialogue. However, all the characters seem to be too absorbed by their obsessions to realize such communicative potential, and rather meander uselessly in their mental frames.

  2. An evaluation of college and low-income youth writing together: self-discovery and cultural connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Genevieve E

    2002-01-01

    Although the health and healing effects of writing have been documented in the literature, most of the studies have focused primarily on individuals writing alone. This formative evaluation is a component of an intervention reported elsewhere. The evaluation describes the experience of low-income youth and college students (n = 7) writing in a group during a 10-week workshop. The results revealed the development of protective processes of self-esteem, self-efficacy, coping strategies, social support, and cultural connections. In the weekly 2-hr writing sessions, using the Amherst Writers and Artists method, participants were encouraged to write their stories in their own voices in response to prompts, followed by reading aloud and positive feedback. At the end of the 10 weeks participants were interviewed about their experience within the group and outside the group. Analysis of interviews revealed two themes that emerged from the experience of writing together: connection to self through feelings, reflection, and behaviors; and connection to others through learning and empathy. The results suggest that writing in a group using a specific approach facilitated emotional catharsis, increased self knowledge, coping strategies, and understanding and appreciating of others.

  3. Individual differences in motives, preferences, and pathology in video games: The gaming attitudes, motives, and experiences scales (GAMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph eHilgard

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A new measure of individual habits and preferences in video game use is developed in order to better study the risk factors of pathological game use (i.e., excessively frequent or prolonged use, sometimes called game addiction. This measure was distributed to internet message boards for game enthusiasts and to college undergraduates. An exploratory factor analysis identified 9 factors: Story, Violent Catharsis, Violent Reward, Social Interaction, Escapism, Loss-Sensitivity, Customization, Grinding, and Autonomy. These factors demonstrated excellent fit in a subsequent confirmatory factor analysis, and, importantly, were found to reliably discriminate between inter-individual game preferences (e.g., Super Mario Brothers as compared to Call of Duty. Moreover, three factors were significantly related to pathological game use: the use of games to escape daily life, the use of games as a social outlet, and positive attitudes towards the steady accumulation of in-game rewards. The current research identifies individual preferences and motives relevant to understanding video game players’ evaluations of different games and risk factors for pathological video game use.

  4. 心理健康视角下的大学生失业群体问题研究%A Study of Unemployed Graduate College Students From Mental Health View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常保瑞; 方建东

    2013-01-01

    在职业危机面前,大学生失业群体面临巨大的心理应激,表现在心理健康方面主要为孤独感、焦虑、抑郁、低自尊、偏激、攻击行为和非理性情绪宣泄等方面,他们在承受生活窘困、身心痛苦的同时也可能对社会产生一些负面影响。因此,对失业大学生应该进行心理辅导,建立社会支持体系、注重预防的工作机制。%Under career crisis unemployed graduate college students face severe stress,which is loneliness,anxiety,depression,low self-esteem,crankiness,Aggressive behavior and Irrational emotion catharsis in mental health.They may have some negative impacts on the society as bearing living embarrassment mental and physical pain.We must set up a system of management on stress and social support and psychological communication.

  5. Toward a refined view of aggressive fantasy as a risk factor for aggression: interaction effects involving cognitive and situational variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Craig E; Fischer, Kurt W; Watson, Malcolm W

    2009-01-01

    Over three decades of research have established a positive connection between fantasizing about aggression and enacting aggression. Such findings have provided strong evidence against the catharsis view of aggressive fantasy. However, little attention has been paid to the potentially nuanced nature of the link between fantasy aggression and actual aggression. In the present article, we examined the influence of four variables in the aggressive fantasy-aggressive behavior link: gender, exposure to violence, fantasy absorption, and level of fantasy about harm befalling loved ones and the self (dysphoric fantasy). Using data from a diverse, community-based sample of 7-14-year olds and their mothers, we replicated the general finding that aggressive fantasy is positively associated with real-world aggressive behavior. However, we also found that the interaction of aggressive fantasy and exposure to violence related significantly to aggression, as did the relation between aggressive fantasy and dysphoric fantasy. When exposure to violence was low, even high levels of aggressive fantasizing did not predict aggressive behavior, and, when aggressive fantasizing was low, even high levels of exposure to violence did not predict aggressive behavior. Similarly, when dysphoric fantasy was high, the connection between fantasy aggression and real aggression was markedly attenuated. The implications of these findings for intervention efforts and future research are considered.

  6. 从《银饰》看悲剧的深化与消解%On the Deepening and Deconstruction of Tragedy from FOR LOVE OF A SILVER-SMITH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文少雄

    2013-01-01

      《银饰》结构上存在悲剧深化和消解的二元结构。作品一方面通过人物的反常化行动与死亡推动悲剧的深化,另一方面又通过人物的死亡和叙事结构来消解故事的悲剧效果。这种深化与消解的二元结构完成了亚氏悲剧理论所提出的悲剧“借引起怜悯与恐惧来使这种情感得到陶冶”的社会功用。%There is dualistic structure of tragedy deepening and deconstruction in FOR LOVE OF A SILVERSMITH . On the one hand, FOR LOVE OF A SILVERSMITH promotes the tragedy effect by the abnormal actions of characters .On the other hand, it deconstructs tragedy effect by the characters death and narrative structure of the passage .The dualistic structure of deepening and deconstruct achieved the catharsis of Aristotle's theory of tragedy—The social function of tragedy "is to arouse pity and panic so that the emotion is sensed".

  7. 急性百草枯中毒的救治分析%Treatment of acute Paraquat Intoxication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金克清; 吴化奎

    2010-01-01

    Objective To analyze and sum up treatment of paraquat intoxication. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 8 cases of paraquat intoxication. Result Of the total number,2 cases abandoned treament, 1 case died,5 cases survived,of survival rate is 62. 5%. Conclusion We take measures as early as possible, such as gastrolavaging completely, stomach intestine adsorbing, catharsis, continious blood purification and apply a large dose of xuebijing and hormone, thus can improve the survival rate of paraquat intoxication.%目的 探讨百草枯中毒的救治方法.方法 对8例百草枯中毒患者临床资料进行回顾性分析.结果 2例放弃治疗,1例死亡,5例存活,存活率62.5%.结论 尽早采取彻底洗胃、胃肠内吸附、导泻、持续血液净化、应用大剂量血必净、激素等综合治疗措施能提高百草枯中毒患者的存活率.

  8. 百草枯中毒%Paraquat poisoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付丹; 何颜霞

    2010-01-01

    百草枯(paraquat,PQ)属联吡啶类除草剂,口服中毒是中毒的主要途径,PQ中毒病死率极高.目前PQ中毒机制尚不完全清楚,多认为PQ吸收后,产生大量的氧自由基引起组织器官细胞膜脂质过氧化,造成多器官功能障碍,其中以肺损伤最常见且最严重,常导致肺水肿及肺纤维化.PQ中毒尚无特效解毒剂,治疗包括尽早洗胃、导泻、血液净化、免疫抑制及抗氧化等综合治疗.%Paraquat is one kind of phytocide 2,2'-bipyridine. Oral administration is the most common way to be poisoned,and the mortality is high. As so far the mechanism of poison is not clear. It was believed that a lot of oxygen radical caused cell membrane lipid peroxidize, which lead to multiorgan disturbed. The most common and severe injury of lungs is pneumonedema and pulmonary fibrosis. There is no any antidote to paraquat poison. Treatment of paraquat poisoning is stomach washing, catharsis, blood purified, immune suppressed and antioxidation.

  9. [A brief history of recognition on urolithiasis before medieval period].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyu, Jianlin; Wu, Rui

    2014-01-01

    Urinary stone was first found by human as early as 4900 BC when the Egyptian monks applied emesis, catharsis, diuresis, and diaphoresis for its treatment which, as they claimed, can expel the stones out of the body occasionally. In 2700 BC, definite records on urinary stone were seen in Egytian papyrus which attempted to cure this disorder by sucking method. In the 4(th) century BC, the Greek physician Alexandria mentioned that such stones can be expelled after being smashed. By then, the Greeks recognized the existence of renal stone by describing its manifestations. Sushruta, an ancient Indian royal physician mentioned in 6(th) century BC, the picking up of stones by splints through the urethra and the complications of such disorder in his Sushrutasamhita. He also recommended the removal of stones through the perineal part. Unfortunately, many patients died of such operation. Ancient Roman physicians described such operation circumstantially and the herbs for its treatment in the 1(st) century BC. During the 10(th) century, the Arabian physician Abukasis was the first to advocate the method of smashing stones in the urethra with an instrument he devised. In the period before medieval age, the removal of urinary stones through the perineal incision had been the main method which was so limited an approach due to the lack of anatomical knowledge and antiseptic conception.

  10. Attitudes of Iranian Male University Students Toward Sport and Exercise with Reference to Age, Educational Level, and Field of Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirsafian Hamidreza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aimed to discover the attitudes of Iranian male university students toward sport and exercise. This study is based on the same research as another published paper regarding the attitudes of Iranian female students toward sport and exercise. Participants (N = 821 were selected from different educational levels and fields of study from among 12 public universities. Data were collected by a modified and developed version of Kenyon's scale (1968, which measures the attitudes of people toward physical activity. For the analysis of the data, independent sample t-test and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA were employed (p < 0.05. The results indicated that the attitudes of the respondents can be identified as fitness (3.96 ± 1.02, catharsis (3.84 ± 0.80, social (3.82 ± 1.10, aesthetic (3.03 ± 1.14, vertigo (2.15 ± 1.16, and ascetic (2.07 ± 0.79. Furthermore, it was found that various demographic and social characteristics affected participants' attitudes toward sport and exercise (p < 0.05. Based on the results, it was concluded that the sport programs should be organized around students' dominant attitudes toward regular activities. In addition, planning and organizing sport programs with regard to the wide attitudinal differences between male and female students could be a big step toward improving students' participation rate in sporting activities at Iranian universities.

  11. A Qualitative Study on the Emotional Healing Efficacy of Movies for Undergraduates Suffering Breakups

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    Chen Su-may Sheih

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Breakups with significant others are among the main reasons for emotional disturbance problems in Taiwanese undergraduates. Most undergraduates lack emotional regulation; therefore, their negative emotions can easily accumulate, influencing their mental health. Exacerbating these effects, the accumulation of negative emotions can lead to social problems. Therefore, helping undergraduates appropriately cope with negative emotions generated by breakups is a topic worth exploring. Movie therapy involves watching appropriate movies for soothing negative emotions. To investigate the emotional healing efficacy of movies, this study employed content analysis to select movies about breakups and recruited 14 undergraduates suffering from breakups. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted after the subjects viewed one of the movies, and the emotional healing efficacy of movies was analyzed based on whether the subjects experienced the processes of identification, catharsis, and insight. The findings indicated that 14 movies had emotional healing efficacy. The subjects experienced emotional healing from movies that contained three critical elements: similarity of backgrounds between the viewer and the movie characters, the extroversive expression of the movie characters’ emotions, and the characters’ demonstration of concrete solutions to the problems. [Article content in Chinese

  12. A Study on Emotional Healing Efficacy of Fiction for Undergraduate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Su-May Sheih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In modern society, undergraduates may encounter multiple pressures and thus feel the sense of alienation, anxiety, disturbance and depression. For undergraduates, reading can be independently conducted without the intervention of an instructor; therefore, undergraduates who feel reluctant to expose private emotions to counselors can help themselves through the reading of emotional healing books. This is the application of bibliotherapy. Among various resources, fiction can serve as an appropriate emotional reading material. The researcher deployed semi-structured in-depth interview, and interviewed 21 undergraduates in Taipei City and Taipei County. This study is aimed to understand the kinds of fictions undergraduates read when they are upset and to analyze the emotional healing process of identification, catharsis, and insight so that the emotional healing efficacy can be evaluated. The findings showed that romance, realistic fiction, fantasy, martial arts novel, inspirational fiction, historical fiction, and science fiction can provide full process of emotional healing efficacy. However, detective fiction, online novel, psychological fiction, and horror fiction can only provide parts of the healing process. Besides, the healing efficacy of a specific fiction is different from reader to reader.

  13. Bibliotherapy: the therapeutic use of didactic and literary texts in treatment, diagnosis, prevention, and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverberg, Lawrence I

    2003-03-01

    The term bibliotherapy has been defined by Russell and Shrodes as "a process of dynamic interaction between the personality of the reader and literature--an interaction which may be used for personality assessment, adjustment, and growth." In the clinical setting, the dynamics that promote change in a patient-reader can include identification, projection, introjection, catharsis, and insight. Clinicians may use bibliotherapy as a tool for patient treatment, medical diagnosis, and the prevention of illness related to psychosocial dysfunction, allowing for gradual and mutual insight into patient complaints over time. Bibliotherapy may display efficacy on intellectual, psychosocial, interpersonal, emotional, and behavioral levels. The author identifies two basic types of resources that are useful to clinicians administering bibliotherapy: didactic texts, which are instructive, and imaginative literature, which can be a literary text, biography, or autobiography and fosters an imaginative response from the patient-reader. The author identifies the advantages and risks of using bibliotherapy and explores its possible applications in osteopathic medical education, encouraging osteopathic medical educators to familiarize themselves with this treatment modality.

  14. [Contagion - some notes on the epistemology and the ethics of public health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Manuel Silvério; Ferreira, Carlos Miguel

    2010-01-01

    European Medical thought on epidemics - ranging from the opposition clean/dirty, pollution, malaria, pestilential seeds to 19th century microbiology - has always been ruled by figures such as the miasma, the repulsive, the excrement, the filth, the corrupt, the contagion. Theoretically framed, in general, by Foucault's ideas, this research focuses on some aspects of the historical epistemology and ethics of Public Health. Based on the history of Tuberculosis (TB) management in Portugal and, more briefly, on the flu pandemics, we thematize aspects of Biopolitics, namely, the disciplinary power and the processes of indifferentiation and reification. We will focus on the disjunction between contamination and transmission, on the systems of inclusion and exclusion and on the differences between uncertainty, risk, danger, precaution and prevention, aiming to contribute to the public debate on an ethic of precaution. It will be attested that the praxis of Public Health inevitably calls together, at various levels, the old categories of medical ethos, among which are the catharsis, the crisis, and the kairos.

  15. Attempts to Save Tragedy in the 19th Century

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    Alicja Przybyszewska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the issue of genre-transformation of tragedy in 19th-century Polish drama. The fundamental question is tragedy’s potential after liberation from the most important structural categories of the genre: the three unities, catharsis and anagnorisis. The discussion on the 19th-century patterns of tragedy, derived from contemporary theory, criticism, and theatrical production, are based on research by Marek Dybizbański, who presented an interesting analysis of the problem, which was an important indicator of contemporary literary thought, in his study called Tragedia polska drugiej połowy XIX wieku — wzorce i odstępstwa [The Polish Tragic Drama in Late 19th Century — Patterns and Divergence]. The issues discussed were: disproportion between expectations and effects, indicated by repertoires and contemporary debate on drama, lack of standard productions of tragedy, matched by great surplus of texts that tried to set the standard, and by programmatic declarations on how to do it. The author, following Dybizbański’s discussion, focuses on the question why the 19th century in Poland was, for tragedy, a lost time.

  16. Art and Psychosis

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    Sarafis P.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The interpretation of the special paint language of psychotics in order to understand of what he couldcommunicate and the way he shows his urge to build again reality, compose his ego again and to verify the fears andthreats that he feels. The purpose of this literature review is to investigate the ways that mental health nursing can useexpression through art therapeutically in order to lead to catharsis. Material-Method: a bibliographic review isattempted for the therapeutic implications and approaches of mental health nursing using art. The literature reviewwas carried out in a systematic way in electronic databases, but also through number of books and articles in Greekand international psychiatric and medical periodicals.Results: Art therapy offers a mirror to the feelings and thoughts.Giving format in sentiments through the image is a step towards achieving control over them. Art is a dialect of a greatvalue that could be used to transfer sometimes the unexespressed and to transmit vibrations and tragedies of thedepth of human life.Conclusions: This bibliographic review will lead mental health nurses to discover new ways ofcommunication and to enrich their capabilities to provide holistic, qualitative, individual care in mental patient. Arthelps person to find new solutions and gives life to the dead energy in order internal feelings and individualexperiences to be expressed to the outside world.

  17. Mimesis poética y critica al teatro en la carta a D'Alembert

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    Gabriela Domecq

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone analizar la crítica al teatro que encontramos en la Carta a D'Alembert para determinar qué concepción de la mimesis poética la sustenta. Quisiéramos mostrar que la crítica a la concepción clásica de la catarsis que encontramos en la Carta no supone por parte de Rousseau la adopción de la concepción platónica de la mimesis poética. Empezaremos por ubicar la referencia al teatro en la obra. En un segundo momento situaremos su crítica en el contexto de la disputa en torno a la moralidad del teatro que se dio en Francia a lo largo de los siglos XVII y XVIII. Esta disputa nos interesa porque los argumentos a favor o en contra de la moralidad del teatro se basan en el análisis de los efectos de la mimesis poética sobre las pasiones. Luego de analizar la posición de Rousseau sobre los límites de la catarsis poética nos preguntaremos en un tercer y último momento si su cuestionamiento a la moralidad del teatro supone la concepción platónica de la mimesis poética. Veremos que Rousseau, próximo a Platón en el análisis de las consecuencias morales del teatro, se aleja de él en tanto no concibe la mimesis como copia de la naturaleza.Abstract This work intends to analyze the critique of theatre found in the Carta a D'Alembert, to determine the conception of poetic mimesis that underlies it. We should like to show, that from the critique to the classical conception of catharsis found in the Carta, it does not follow that Rousseau adopted the platonic conception of poetic mimesis. We shall begin by identifying the reference to theatre within the work. In a second moment, we shall situate its critique in the context of the dispute about morality in theatre which took place in France throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. This dispute interests us, because arguments for or against morality in theatre are based on the analysis of the effects of poetic mimesis upon passions. After analysing Rousseau's position

  18. En Inde, dans les salles de cinéma, les spectateurs sont-ils acteurs ou simples spectateurs ? In Indian cinemas, can members of the audience be qualified as actors or simply spectators?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Cutler

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Si la question du rôle du spectateur peut se poser sur un plan général, elle prend une dimension particulière lorsque l’on se penche sur le cas des spectateurs indiens. En effet, en Inde, depuis les débuts du cinéma, le public ne se contente pas d’être seulement spectateur des œuvres projetées. Il se démarque ainsi du rôle qui lui avait été originairement attribué dans l’épopée indienne le Ramayana où il assistait sans réagir au sacrifice de Sita. On peut donc se demander s’il conviendrait de lui attribuer le qualificatif de « spectacteur », néologisme utilisé dans le cadre des SIC1. Pour répondre à cette interrogation, nous remonterons aux premières réflexions portant sur le public de théâtre, dominées par la notion aristotélicienne de catharsis. De là, nous ferons un parallèle avec le « contrat de feintise » évoqué dans le Nâtya-Shâstra (ou traité de théâtre indien, et verrons dans quelle mesure ce contrat entre le spectateur et l’œuvre peut s’appliquer au public de cinéma en Inde. Par la suite, dans une étude plus générale de la place du spectateur d’œuvres cinématographiques, nous expliquerons en quoi les spectateurs indiens se différencient, ne serait-ce que dans leurs attitudes lors des projections filmiques, des spectateurs occidentaux. Cela nous conduira à aborder la question de l’interactivité entre le public et l’œuvre, et à déterminer de quelle manière le public peut interagir sur une œuvre projetée.The spectator’s role in general is often questioned, but in the case of Indian spectators, it takes a whole new turn. Indeed, in India, since the arrival of cinema, members of the audience do not content themselves with being simply spectators of the films projected. In that way, they distinguish themselves from their original role attributed by the epic poem, the Ramayana, in which they watched Sita’s sacrifice without reacting. Therefore, we can ask

  19. Efficacy of group psychotherapy for breast cancer patients%团体心理治疗对乳腺癌患者疗效因子的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯建琴; 林丹平; 陈翠娥; 朱建东

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨团体心理治疗对乳腺癌患者的抑郁、焦虑疗效及各团体治疗疗效因子的相对重要性.方法对符合入组标准的62例乳腺癌患者用分层随机分为研究组(31例)和对照组(31例),疗程12周,并用汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD)和汉密尔顿焦虑量表(HAMA),对团体治疗疗效因子进行问卷调查.结果(1)治疗前两组抑郁、焦虑评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);(2)治疗后研究组抑郁、焦虑较治疗前明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P0.05) before treatment. The scores of depression and anxiety were de-creased in study group after treatment compared to those before treatment P<0.05);while the depression and anxiety scores in study group were lower than those in control group after treatment (P<0.05). The questionnaire survey revealed that the interper-sonal learning (paying), group cohesion, instillation of hope, catharsis, awareness of existence in study group were significantly improved after treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion The group psychotherapy can al eviate the symptom of depression and anxiety in patients with breast carcinoma.

  20. Osho Dynamic Meditation’s Effect on Serum Cortisol Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Anuj; Mittal, Ashish

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Dynamic meditation is one of the most popular active meditation, introduced by an Indian mystic Osho in 1970. This one hour meditation consists of five stages: Deep fast chaotic breathing, catharsis, using a mantra "Hoo", silence, and dancing. A previous study observed that Osho dynamic meditation causes decrease in several psychopathological variables such as aggressive behaviour, anxiety and depression. However, it is not objectively established that the dynamic meditation has an anti-stress effect. Aim To find out the effect of Osho dynamic meditation on the serum cortisol levels (cortisol is an indicator of stress) and therefore to observe whether it has any anti-stress effect. Materials and Methods An experimental study was planned doing the dynamic meditation empty stomach in morning at 6 to 7 am every day for 21 days from 1st March 2015 to 21st March 2015 at Lucknow. Twenty healthy volunteers between 20 to 50 years (14 males and 6 females) participated in the study. Serum cortisol level was estimated from the blood samples collected in the morning one day prior (baseline) and post-meditation on the 21st day of the study. The difference between mean cortisol levels of the baseline and post-meditation groups were tested for significance by applying the paired t-test. Results Sixteen volunteers out of the 20 completed the study while four dropped out due to their health and personal reasons. The serum cortisol levels were decreased in all the 16 participants on 21st day as compared to the baseline levels and the decline in the mean cortisol level was highly significant (pstress effects. The mechanism of action could primarily be attributed to the release of repressed emotions and psychological inhibitions and traumas. Thus, dynamic meditation could be recommended for the amelioration of stress and stress related physical and mental disorders. More clinical studies should be done on dynamic meditation to prove its efficacy and become an approved

  1. 急诊患者的心理护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞广芹

    2013-01-01

    目的观察心理护理对急诊患者各种不同复杂心理的影响。方法采用心理护理的方法,缓解急诊患者的恐惧、急躁、焦虑、孤独、怀疑、不信任等心理状况。结果经过护士的心理护理,急诊患者的恐惧、急躁、焦虑、孤独、怀疑、不信任等心理状态得到一定的疏泄或缓解。结论对急诊患者进行心理护理,可以疏泄、消除或缓解急诊患者的恐惧、急躁、焦虑、孤独、怀疑、不信任等复杂心理状态,有利于患者的治疗和康复。%Objectives Effect of psychological care on patients presenting to the emergency department with various complex psychological effect. Methods psychological nursing relief emergency patients fear impatient anxiety alone don't trust psychological status. Results After the psychological nursing patients in emergency nurses fear impatient anxiety alone don't trust the psychological situation a certain catharsis or ease. Conclusions Psychological nursing of emergency patients fear impatient anxiety alone don't trust and other complex psychological status. For emergency treatment and rehabilitation of patients.

  2. Kajian Aspek Ketidaksadaran dalam Karya Seni Rupa Indonesia Periode 2000-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Damajanti

    2014-11-01

    thethree artists is originated in their traumatic experiences which generate fear, pain, andaggression. For them, painting is their catharsis process, the media to sublime/smoothentheir impulse of fear, pain, and aggression so that the society can accept and appreciatetheir works.

  3. 大学生网络去个性化行为与内外控的关系研究%Study on the Elationship between Internet Deindividualization of College Students and Locus of Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑艳

    2013-01-01

    Objective to understand students' network to personalized features and locus of control relationship. Methods using the Internet to individualized questionnaire and Rotter "I-E" psychological and locus of control scale survey 502 College students. Results (1) network to individual existence time, gender differences; (2) college students network to personalization in aggressive behavior, emotional catharsis, self control horizontal dimension, significant gender differences; (3) network to personalization in locus of control there were significant differences. Conclusion (1) time, gender, locus of control and other factors that affect the network to personalized important variables; (2) for men than women are more vulnerable to network attack behavior, self-control ability is low and negative performance.%目的 旨在了解大学生网络去个性化的表现特点及其与内外控的关系.方法 采用大学生网络去个性化调查问卷和罗特“I-E”心理控制源量表调查502名大学生.结果 网络去个性化存在时间、性别差异;大学生网络去个性化在攻击行为、情感宣泄、自我控制水平3维度上,呈现显著的性别差异;网络去个性化在内外控上呈显著差异.结论 时间、性别、内外控等因素是影响网络去个性化的重要变量;男生较女生更易出现网络攻击行为、自控能力低等消极表现.

  4. The Dilemma of Folk Traditional Sports' Development in the Context of Globalization%全球化背景下民族传统体育发展的困境及策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳家鹏; 向春玉

    2012-01-01

    对民族传统体育面临的发展困境进行分析,并在全球化背景下探讨民族传统体育的发展途径。认为:民族传统体育的传统性、朴素性和注重伦理的特征与当今社会的功利性和宣泄性的需求不一致,民族传统体育实践主体逐渐流失以及西方体育的强势推进等制约了民族传统体育的发展。重新认识民族传统体育的现代性价值,不断提高民族传统文化自觉,增强民族传统体育文化自信,建立民族传统体育文化与西方文化的"互哺"机制才能使我国民族传统体育的发展走出困境。%The present paper has analyzed the difficult position of folk traditional sports in the process of development and dis cussed the development approaches of folk traditional sports under the background of globalization. It holds that folk traditional sports' traditional, guileless and stress on the importance of ethics characteristics are against the present utilitarian and catharsis demands. The progressive loss of folk traditional sports' subject practice and the aggressive push of westernsports restrict the development of folk traditional sports. To help folk traditional sports out of the dilemma, we should rediscover the modern value of folk traditional sports, enhance the consciousness of national traditional culture, improve the cultural confidence and set up the "mutual feeding" mechanism of folk traditional sports culture and western sports culture.

  5. 酒精性肝病治疗思路阐要%Main Points in the Treatment of Alcoholic Liver Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙劲晖; 赵鲲鹏; 孙岸弢

    2012-01-01

    本文首先论述了酒精性肝病的主要病机是酒毒损伤脾胃肝胆,并从中医病机演变角度阐明其病机特点有递进关系:初则脾胃损伤,继而肝失疏泄,肝脾不调,气血不和,最终演变为肝脾肾不调.接下来提出在辨病、辨证论治思想指导下,本病的病机发展阶段可分伤酒(酒痞)、酒癖、酒臌三期.最后提出本病应结合体质,在辨病、辨证思想指导下分期论治.%Attention is paid in the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. Firstly, the main pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease is described as alcoholic toxins progressively injuring spleen, stomach, liver and gallbladder according to the traditional Chinese medicine theory. The spleen and the stomach are impaired at the beginning, which results in catharsis dysfunction of the liver. The imbalance of liver and spleen then causes the disharmony of Qi and blood, which finally ends up with disorder of the liver, the spleen and the kidney. Secondly, the paper proposes that alcoholic disease can be staged as alcohol related to stuffiness, alcohol related to liver swelling and alcoholic tympanites based on the disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation therory in tradtional Chinese medicine. Finally, it presents a theory that alcoholic liver disease should be treated by staging with physical type based on the disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation therory in tradtional Chinese medicine.

  6. Progress in the study of paraquat poisoning%百草枯中毒的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元; 黄教文

    2015-01-01

    With paraquat (PQ) is widely used, the number of PQ poisoning is increasing year by year, it becomes second pesticide poisoning in China. PQ is highly toxic to people. After poisoning, it makes severe multiorgan damaged and high mortality rate. The poisoning mechanism of PQ poisoning is not entirely clear, while the oxygen free radicals theory is recognized by all most scholars. PQ poisoning has no specific antidote, and patients take a comprehensive approach to treat it, such as gastric lavage, catharsis, adsorbating toxins, use of corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents, eliminating oxygen free radicals, protecting the organ functions, and combining with effective blood purification methods. This paper aimed to make a briefly reviewe of the related developments.%随着百草枯(PQ)的广泛应用,PQ 中毒事件数量逐年增加,已成为我国第二位的农药中毒事件.PQ对人有剧毒,中毒后致多脏器严重损害,病死率极高,其中毒机制尚不完全明确,氧自由基产生学说为大多数学者认可.PQ中毒暂无特效解毒药,临床上主要采取综合治疗的办法,如洗胃、导泻、吸附体内毒素、应用激素及免疫抑制剂、清除氧自由基、保护各脏器功能等,同时结合有效的血液净化手段,本文旨在对相关进展做一简要综述.

  7. “I can’t live there no more” :Baldwin and Škvoreckv on Jazz and Exile “Je ne peux plus vivre là-bas”: Jazz et exil chez Baldwin et Škvorecký

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Daniel Sabatos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article examine les thèmes croisés du jazz et de l’exil dans Another Country de James Baldwin et The Bass Saxophone de l’écrivain tchéco-canadien Josef Škvorecký. D’autres écrivains exilés afro-américains et tchèques tels Richard Wright et Milan Kundera ont insisté sur l’aspect politique du jazz, que Wright décrit comme un “rejet extatique” de la société et que Kundera définit comme en constante évolution, en contraste avec la musique populaire. Dans Another Country de Baldwin, le jazz est fortement lié aux personnages les plus en marge de la société américaine: non seulement Rufus, le musicien de jazz noir, mais aussi Eric, le Blanc expatrié revenant de France. La musique de Bessie Smith et Billie Holiday offre une toile de fond aux moments les plus intimes de ces personnages, et elle-même témoigne d’un profond désir de trouver une meilleure patrie, malheureusement inexistante. Pour Škvorecký (qui a quitté l’Europe de l’Est pour l’Amérique du Nord et Baldwin (qui a quitté l’Amérique pour passer une grande partie de sa vie en Europe le jazz transforme les expériences douloureuses en art, servant à la fois d’inspiration et de catharsis.

  8. The meaning of destruction: Definition and contextualization of disaster movies

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    Tomašević Milan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The disaster movie is one of the most persistent genres in cinematography, but it constantly escapes our attention because it is presented as “easy summer fun”. If we want to understand it as a cultural document of an epoch in which the genre is important and popular, we need to come up with a definition, formula and conventions of a disaster movie. Also, we must propose one of many possible comprehensions of its popularity and religious heritage. The paper uses definitions of genre, conventions and formulae in the attempt to show a way of using popular narratives in the transmission of a world view. Using a narrative structure gives us a glimpse into the deeper cultural, social and political context in which the disaster movie is created, popular or rejected. The paper discusses disaster movies as cultural artifacts, as a ritual we are practicing without remembering its purpose. Also, paper is examining identifying apocalyptic and catastrophic as an product of interposition of Apocalypse to Johan and Great Tribulation. Using apocalyptic literature, end times narratives and disaster movies, the paper shows the fruitfulness of destruction representations and imaginarium of terror. Using fear and shock, the messages of disaster movies seems more urgent and relevant. Through the ideas of Susan Sontag and Maurice Yacowar, the paper presents a way for analyzing the contemporary disaster movie. Conventions and formulae of disaster movies help us to understand the way modern cinematography is used for cultural and political means. The popularity of disaster movies can be seen as a form of ”ritualization of discontent” wherein the viewers experience some sort of catharsis. Also, disaster movie gathers different interests and actualizes thirstness for transformation of order or achieving justice. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177026

  9. Research on the working mechanism of“580”emotional conversion station%“580”情绪转化站的创业机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗敏; 伍剑; 杨霞; 袁晓玲; 张庆艳

    2015-01-01

    着眼于转变大学生的培养模式、提高大学生社会适应能力、增强大学生就业竞争力的大学生创新创业训练计划是国家创新体系建设的重要组成部分。四川省省级创业训练项目“580情绪转化站”以自主研发的www.qxzhz580.icoc.cn网站为创业平台,在对客户负性情绪在线调查后提供咨询、倾诉、疏泄、转化等系列在线问诊的专业服务,最终将客户的负性情绪转化成正能量,提高客户的幸福指数,从而产生良好的社会效益和可观的经济效益,成功实现创业计划。%In order to change college students’training mode,improve their ability to adapt to society, enhance their employment competitiveness,innovation and entrepreneurship training program is an important part of the construction of national innovation system.“580”emotional conversion station,provincial entrepreneurship training project of Sichuan,developed website www.qxzhz580.icoc.cn independently as a business platform. The website will supply series online professional service to customers after online survey on negative emotions,such as inquiry,talk,catharsis,transformation. This program will eventually change customer’s negative emotions into positive energy and improve customer’s happiness index,so that it can produce good social benefits and economic profits,realize the business plan successfully.

  10. 权利与权力:对网络舆论中大学生政治表达解读%Right and Power: the Interpretation of College Students/ Political Expression in the Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张盛

    2012-01-01

    Focus on the right and power as the core concepts of political science, college students/ understanding of the right and power in the internet public opinion was investigated and 10 cases of public opinion text were focused on as the empirical study. The discourse features of the students in the network of public opinion expression were analyzed. We pointed out that the internet has changed the inherent mechanism of the college students~ political identity to some extent, that is, the mediumlization of political cognition, catharsis of political emotion and virtualization of political behavior. The ideological and political educators should pay attention to the impact of network public opinion on college students~ political identity and do the guidance work online and offline in time.%聚焦权利和权力这对政治学的核心概念,将大学生对权利和权力的认识于网络舆情中予以考察,并集中对10个舆论案例的文本进行了实证研究。分析了大学生在网络舆论表达中的话语特征,指出互联网已在一定程度上改变了大学生政治认同的固有机制,即政治认知的媒介化、政治情感的宣泄化和政治行为的虚拟化。思想政治教育工作者要重视网络舆论对大学生政治认同的影响,及时做好网上和网下的引导工作。

  11. Oedipus The King by Sophocles and Seneca – The Cultural, Historical and Individual Aspects of Hermeneutics

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    Brane Senegačnik

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available A comparison between Sophocles’ and Seneca’s Oedipus the King affords large scope for illuminating the similarities and contrasts between their respective cultural milieus. The generic and thematic similarity of the works (which, of course, points to the embeddedness of Roman drama in the Greek genre helps to set off the enormous cultural differences: the social function of the theatre, the conception of myth, and the religious and spiritual horizons in the early Roman Empire vastly differed from those of the classical Athens. It is only against the background of these general cultural differences that the issue most interesting to literary hermeneutics can be estimated: the irreducibly individual feature of either author, Sophocles or Seneca – his style.  Seneca’s plays, regardless of their (unstageability, are strongly rhetorical. The extensions of certain motifs of the traditional myth (description of the plague at Thebes, their inventive reworking, and narrative digressions (divination using entrails, description of the forest, rite of evoking the dead significantly slow down the dramatic action. The scenes are thus often lengthy and static, yet at the same time meticulously and evocatively elaborated as images of the external and internal worlds. The effects of the characters’ extensive psychological self-illuminations in their monologues sometimes run counter to dramaturgical logic, a feature which sets Seneca’s Oedipus most clearly apart from Sophocles’. Given this striking extensiveness, the reconciliation of Seneca’s tragic hero to his fate seems the more surprising: a likely motive for it is the pedagogical principle of Stoic poetic, according to which the spectator is ‘purified’ of his affects through the catharsis which is experienced by the characters within the dramatic space and time.

  12. On the transformation of antique stories and images in German literature of the 20th century

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    Sharypina T. A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of analysis of Russian and foreign scholars, the work is aimed at studying the specificity of the transformation of antique stories and images, which is the desired model in the art of the 20th century thanks to its fluidity and unlimited variability. Actualization of antique stories and images in the works of German-language writers account for life-changing moments of social life, the periods of losing of constant moral landmarks and the periods of looking for new moral and aesthetic ideals. The analysis of the reception and transformation of mythological stories and images in the contemporary literature proves the conception of its polysemy. The built-in contradiction of myths is realized through the transformation of mythological stories and images in the literary works of contemporary writers and is explained by the individuality of writers and theirs aesthetic aims. On the one side, the absence de facto in German drama of the 20th century of interpretations of the story about Achilles and of the image of Achilles, and numerous variations on the topic of moral strivings of fearless and peccant Ulysses, on the other side, are proving the statements of classic aesthetic that the tragedy is based on the conflict, which is close to lofty and linked with the idea of dignity of the man, which is ready and capable of promoting the views of his own by the real acts that are often lead to suffer and death. According to Aristotle, the sympathy for the character leads to catharsis - the basis of education of real civic-mindedness and humanness.

  13. Religious Feelings and Psychological Guidance of Public Opinions in New Stories about Social Incidents%突发事件报道中的宗教情感与舆论的心理引导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任雅仙

    2012-01-01

    宗教问题历来是新闻报道中最为敏感和复杂的政治话题之一,近年来各种与宗教相关的社会突发事件、社会热点事件不断发生,使得这些事件中的舆论引导问题成了大众传媒、宗教媒体比较棘手、需要迫切解决的重要课题,当前学术界相应的研究也显现不足。本文认为,具有偏执和妄想特征的宗教情感是一种特殊的群体心理,在突发事件或一定刺激下表现得更加强烈,传播者在坚持宗教禁忌报道的“恪守”原则等基础上,可以从归属、认同、怂动、凝聚四个方面加大舆论的感性心理引导,在满足其心理慰藉和情感宣泄的同时,能更有效地化解矛盾,使其宗教情感朝着更为平和与高尚、和谐与积极的方向发展。%Religion problem has always been one of the most complex and politically sensitive topics in the news reports. In recent years, a variety of social emergencies and social hot events associated with religion occur continu- ously. How to effectively guide the public opinion is more difficult and important issue in the mass media and reli- gion media. And the academic research also shows lack of corresponding. The article thinks religious feeling is a kind of special crowd psychology, with paranoid and delusional features. And it is more intense when emergencies and certain stimulation happened. So media should not only strictly follow the varieties of report principles, but also they can strengthen psychological guidance from the ownership, identity, encourage, condensed. It can meet the needs of the crowd psychological comfort and emotional catharsis, at the same time it can effectively resolve contra- dictions and can make the religious emotion toward a more peaceful, noble, harmonious, positive development.

  14. Validación del cuestionario de afrontamiento al dolor crónico reducido (CAD-R Validation of the reduced chronic pain coping questionnaire (CAD-R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Soriano

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los tópicos de mayor relevancia en las últimas décadas en el estudio del paciente con dolor crónico ha sido el afrontamiento. Dada la importancia de medir y evaluar las diferentes maneras con las que el individuo afronta el dolor, en las últimas décadas se han desarrollado diferentes instrumentos para evaluar dicha dimensión. El cuestionario de afrontamiento al dolor (CAD, inicialmente compuesto por 31 ítems, incluye 6 factores: autoafirmación, búsqueda de información, religión, distracción, catarsis y autocontrol mental. En este estudio se reduce el CAD, proponiendo una versión más corta del mismo, el CAD-R. Se evaluaron 314 sujetos por el Servicio de Psicología de la Unidad Multidisciplinar para el Tratamiento del Dolor del Consorcio Hospital General Universitario de Valencia. Del cuestionario original de 31 ítems (CAD se eliminaron 7 ítems reduciéndose a una versión con un total de 24 ítems (CAD-R. Se evalúa la validez de esta nueva versión, su consistencia interna y estabilidad temporal, así como las relaciones entre afrontamiento y afecto para determinar las estrategias más adaptativas.Coping has been turned over the last decades in one of the most important topics to board the patient with chronic pain. Given the importance of considering and evaluating the different forms that the individual has to cope with pain, different instruments in the last decades have been developed to evaluate the above mentioned dimension. The coping pain questionnaire (in Spanish, CAD, initially composed by 31 items, gathers 6 factors: autoaffirmation, Look for information, religion, distraction, catharsis and mental autocontrol. In this study the length of the CAD diminishes, proposing a small version of the same (CAD-R. 364 subjects were evaluated by the psychology service of the Multidisciplinary Pain Treatment Unit of the Valencia University General Hospital. Of the original questionnaire of 31 items (CAD, there was

  15. New Challenges in Social Management from Rumors%社会谣言给社会管理创新带来的新挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东冬

    2012-01-01

    Social rumors spread because of its creditability, the information asymmetry between the government and the public, the need of the public for emotional catharsis, the reduced creditability of the government, the mass media and experts, and the diversified technical channels for spreading. They are the irrational expression of the will of the public, reflecting people' s call for social fairness. The government should enforce its law construction, establish information transparency system, improve its credit supervision and punishment system and improve its monitoring technologies to construct social rationality, safeguard social justice and stability, improve social trust, guide public opinions and reconstruct social values.%社会谣言本身具有可信因素是其传播的内在因素,公众与政府间的信息不对称是其传播的根本原因,信谣和传谣成为公众的情绪宣泄方式是其传播的社会心理因素,政府、专家及媒体公信力降低是其传播的深层根源,多样化的传播路径是其传播的技术因素。社会谣言是民意的非理性表达,一定程度上反映了民众对社会公平的期待。面对建构社会理性、保证社会公平、维持社会稳定、提升社会信任、引导社会舆论、重建社会价值观这些新课题,政府应从创新社会管理入手,加强法制建设,建立信息公开制度,健全信用监督约束和惩罚机制,强化技术监测措施。

  16. Voix-off et silences chez Isabel Coixet

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    Silvina Bénévent González

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Le recours presque systématique de la voix-off chez Isabel Coixet laisse présupposer une unité de sens qui reste à démontrer. L'originalité de A los que aman (1997, La vida secreta de las palabras (2005 et El mapa de los sonidos de Tokio (2009apparaît dans leur capacité à montrer une voix qui semble incarner la présence mais renvoie paradoxalement à l’absence. De fait, on pourra s'interroger sur l'acte de parole comme véritable lien entre le corps et le code quand la voix-off complète une confession salvatrice et révèle le sens du vécu. En effet, entre mémoire et prise de conscience, la voix-off dit surtout la douleur de la situation traumatique. Mais est-elle pour autant l'instrument de la catharsis ?El empleo casi sistemático de la voz en off en la obra de Isabel Coixet ofrece una unidad de sentido que incita a buscar más allá. La originalidad de tres películas en concreto - A los que aman (1997, La vida secreta de las palabras (2005 et El mapa de los sonidos de Tokio (2009- emerge de su capacidad a mostrar una voz que parece remitir a una presencia y sin embargo remite paradójicamente a una ausencia. De hecho, cabe interrogarnos sobre este acto de palabra que conlleva una verdadera unión del cuerpo y del código cuando la voz en off completa una confesión que ha de salvar y revela pues el sentido de lo vivido. En efecto entre memoria y toma de conciencia, la voz en off confiesa sobre todo el dolor del trauma. ¿ Apunta entonces tal proceso a la catarsis inadvertida en la confesión ?

  17. 解码药家鑫犯罪行为心理%Analysis of the Psychology of Yao Jiaxing's Criminal Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵磊; 袁青安

    2012-01-01

    The study of criminal behavior can not be divorced from the specific growing experience and the crime situation of the perpetrator. Improper family education in Yao Jiaxing's childhood caused his personality defects, late-night incident took him into extreme fear, and the knife which he accidently carried with him plus the dark night provided him with all the conditions that criminal behavior needs. The fast stabbing action of Yao Jiaxing that repeated several times is not out of scare, nor is the so-called "compulsive behavior of pi- ano-playing", but the momentary outbreak and catharsis of his subconscious anger that he couldn't suppress. The aggressive behavior of such murder has its inner mechanism of producing, maintaining, controlling, trig- gering or causing. Correctly understand and comprehension of its inner mechanism is of significance for inves- tigating such cases and their prevention and control.%研究犯罪行为不能脱离行为人特定的成长经历和案发情境。药家鑫童年阶段不当的家庭教育方式致其人格缺陷,深夜的突发事件使其在极度恐惧中心态失衡,情绪冲动模式下随身携带的刀具和夜幕无形中为其杀人提供了条件。快速的数刀动作,不是因为恐惧,也不是所谓的"弹钢琴强迫行为",而是潜意识中无法抑制的愤怒情绪的瞬间爆发与宣泄。类似杀人的攻击行为有其产生、维持、控制、引起或者触发的内在机制,正确理解和把握这些对于侦查破案和犯罪防控都有重要的意义。

  18. The experience of emergency treatment on acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning%急性重度口服有机磷农药中毒的急救与体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海燕

    2014-01-01

    目的:总结急性重度口服有机磷农药中毒的急救经验。方法:2011年2月-2013年12月救治急性重度口服有机磷农药中毒患者30例,对其实施救治措施。结果:本组30例患者经过救治,意识转清醒时间(1.83±1.2)天,胆碱酯酶活性恢复时间(3.2±1.6)天,住院时间(7.3±2.6)天。临床疗效:治愈29例,治愈率96.7%,死亡1例,死亡率3.3%。结论:清洗被污染的皮肤,彻底洗胃,眼污染时用微温水、2%碳酸氢钠溶液清洗,导泻,阿托品的应用以及早期足量使用氯磷定等,是急救急性重度口服有机磷农药中毒的重要措施。%Objective:To summary the experience of emergency treatment on acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning. Methods:30 cases with acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning were selected from February 2011 to December 2013. They were treated with first aid measures.Results:After treatment,the average time of 30 cases from consciousness turned to clear was(1.83 ± 1.2)days.Cholinesterase recovery time was(3.2 ± 1.6)days.Hospitalization time was(7.3 ± 2.6)days.Clinical curative effect:29 cases were cured,and the cure rate was 96.7%.1 cases died,and the mortality was 3.3%.Conclusion: There are important measures for emergency treatment on acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning,including:washing the contaminated skin,complete gastric lavage,If eye pollution cleaning its with lukewarm water and 2% sodium bicarbonate solution,catharsis, atropine application,early and adequate use of pralidoxime chloride poisoning.

  19. 诗歌疗法--文学与心理学的宁馨儿%Poetry Therapy:A Pretty Child of Literature and Psy-chology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健; 彭巧滢

    2013-01-01

    The application and study of poetry therapy in the modern sense has just started in China, so researchers and users' understanding of this therapy is not well enough, and they often, without distinguishment, mix it with pure poetry appreciation and literary education. In fact, poetry therapy is a psychological ther-apy deriving from literature, in which catharsis, subconsciousness and resonance take effect. Therefore, the therapeutist needs both psychological theories and literary attainments in practice. Thus, a conclusion is inferred that it is neither a pure psychology thera-peutic method nor a pure communication of literature. It is a way which is guided by psychological theories and picks out"medicine"from literature, so as to treat mental diseases. Poetry therapy is a pretty child of literature and psychology, as it has ab-sorbed not only the scientific nature of psychology, but also the humanistic spirit of literature.%现代意义上的诗歌疗法目前在中国的应用和研究才刚刚起步,研究者与应用者对此疗法的认识还不够,往往把它与纯粹的诗歌欣赏或文学教化混在一起,不加以区别。实际上,诗歌疗法是从文学中发展而来成为一种心理学治疗方法,宣泄、潜意识、共鸣在其中起作用。操作上治疗师既需要运用心理学理论又需要文学素养。从而可以看出它既不是纯粹属于心理学的治疗方法,也不是一种纯粹的文学传播方式,而是运用心理学理论做指导,从文学里选取“药物”,对心理疾病进行治疗的方法。该方法既吸取了心理学的科学性,又吸取了文学的人文性,是两学科的宁馨儿。

  20. Emotion Regulation manner and personality characteristics of patients with esophageal cancer%情绪调节方式和人格特征对食管癌患者心理弹性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静; 齐靖瑶; 杨晶

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effects of emotion regulation styles and personality traits on resilience of patients with esophageal cancer.Methods From June 2012 to June 2014,80 cases of esophageal cancer were in-vestigated by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire,Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ),Chinese simplified version of the Connor-Davidson resilience questionnaire (CD-RISC),and other 80 hospitalized patients without cancer as the control group.Results The tenacity,self-reliance,optimism and the total score was significantly higher in pa-tients with esophageal cancer (P <0.05).The tenacity,self-reliance,optimism,scores of depression,emotional adjust-ment and catharsis was positively correlated with neuroticism and while was negatively correlated with extroversion in patients with esophageal cancer (P <0.05).Conclusion Resilience levels in patients with esophageal cancer are generally lower than non-cancer patients,and personality and emotion regulation are important factors affected resili-ence of patients with esophageal cancer.%目的:探讨情绪调节方式与人格特征对食管癌患者心理弹性的影响。方法采用情绪调节问卷、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)、中文简化版 Connor-Davidson 心理弹性问卷(CD-RISC)对80例食管癌进行问卷调查,另选取80例非癌症住院患者为对照组。结果食管癌患者坚韧、自强、乐观及总评分显著低于对照组(P <0.05)。食管癌患者坚韧、自强、乐观、总分与情绪调节中的抑郁调节及宣泄调节均呈正相关,而与人格中的神经质及内外向呈负相关(P <0.05)。结论食管癌患者心理弹性水平普遍低于非癌症患者,人格体征及情绪调节方式是影响食管癌患者心理弹性的重要因素。

  1. The Chinese Logic and Governance of Government Network Crisis of Public Opinion---Analysis from Perspective of Netizens%政府网络舆论危机形成的中国逻辑及其治理--一种基于网民视角的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈相雨

    2013-01-01

    政府网络舆论危机是全球风险社会下中国社会结构紧张长期诱发的结果。处在中国社会急剧变迁中的普通网民,不单是政府网络舆论危机的发动主体,更是中国经验最为直接的感知者,因而,从普通网民视角探求政府网络舆论危机形成的中国逻辑具有合理性。政府网络舆论危机的形成,体现了网民“理性”和“非理性”言论相互交织的特点,在逻辑上具体包括利益表达逻辑、逼迫回应逻辑、群体极化逻辑、抗争动员逻辑以及情感宣泄逻辑等;在治理上,政府及相关部门应坚持利益共享、制度表达、公信修复、信息公开、网络盟友、话语引领及真诚沟通等原则,这才是政府网络舆论危机的标本并治之道。%Government network crisis is a long-term result of Chinese social structure tension in the global risky society. Ordinary netizens, in the rapid changed Chinese society, are not only the government�s main launched body of network media crisis, but also the most direct perceiver of Chinese experience. Thus, from the perspective of ordinary netizens, it is reasonable to explore the network of public opinion crisis. The forma-tion of Government network public opinion crisis reflects the netizens�“rational” and“irrational” speech inter-twined characteristics, including expression of interest logic, forced response logic, group polarization logic, protest mobilization logic and emotional catharsis logic; in governance, government and relevant departments should adhere to shared interests, the expression system, the public trust repair, information disclosure, net-work allies, discourse leading principles and sincere communication, and this is solution to government network opinion crisis.

  2. "EXPLICO ALGUNAS COSAS": LA AUTOEXÉGESIS NERUDIANA EN LA POESÍA RESIDENCIARIA Y PRE-RESIDENCIARIA

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    Guillermo Duff

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se propone recorrer la poesía temprana de Pablo Neruda a lo largo de su eje autoexegético y metaliterario. Eligiendo de los primeros libros del poeta chileno aquellos poemas en los cuales haya una explicitación de un arte poética o una clara referencia metaliteraria, se analizará la evolución de la poesía de Neruda. Se dividirá la poesía de Neruda en distintos períodos, utilizándose para tal fin únicamente los textos metaliterarios: se detallarán las poéticas elaboradas por Neruda en sus distintos libros, desde la poética de la poesía como "terrible don", pasando por la poesía como catarsis, la poesía como don profético devaluado, hasta llegar a la poesía como compromiso. Analizando en dichos textos elementos que Octavio Paz definiría como analógicos o irónicos, se evaluarán posiciones sostenidas por determinados críticos con respecto a Neruda.The present work aims at traversing across Pablo Neruda's early poetry following the self-exegetic and metaliterary axis. The evolution of Neruda's poetry will be analyzed, focusing on those poems from the Chilean poet's early books in which there is an explicit formulation of an ars poetica or a clear metaliterary reference. Neruda's poetry will be divided into different periods by considering these metaliterary texts landmarks of successive changes in his poetics, ranging from the poetics of poetry as a "terrible gift", through the view of poetry as catharsis, as a debased prophetic gift, to finally arrive at a view of poetry as political commitment. By means of the analysis of textual elements that Octavio Paz would define as ironic or analogical, different critical stands about Neruda will be assessed.

  3. Survey on the status of dogs infected with echinococcus in the southern region of Jiangsu Province%江苏省苏南地区家犬感染棘球绦虫现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐祥珍; 金小林; 沈明学; 戴洋; 刘剑峰

    2015-01-01

    目的 掌握江苏省苏南地区包虫病流行情况,制订有效的防治策略和措施. 方法 选择本省近几年来有包虫病病例的宜兴溧阳2市的病例所在镇或村,收集这些镇村所有犬的粪便标本进行粪抗原检测,并对抗原阳性粪样进行镜检或犬进行药物导泻查找病原体;同时调查和走访当地猪、羊屠宰场,对相关人员进行问卷调查.结果 共查犬粪791份,阳性12份,阳性率1.52%;未发现棘球绦虫虫卵或成虫.结论 尚不能进一步证明疑似本地发生的包虫病病例为本地感染病例,需继续做好包虫病的调查和监测工作.%Objective To investigate on the prevalence of echinococcosis in the southern region of Ji-angsu Province in order to provide the evidence for planning effective control and prevention measures for this disease. Methods We performed a survey in towns or villages in Yixing city and Liyang city,where the echino-coccois was reported in recent years. Stool samples of dogs were initially collected to detect the fecal antigen,and positive samples were subjected to microscopic examination or suspected dogs were made to undergo ca-tharsis for identifying the pathogens. In addition,field investigation and questionnaire were made in the local slaughter houses and personnel. Results A total of 791 feces were tested. Although 12 specimens were positive (1.52%),yet no eggs or adults of echinococcus were detected. Conclusion There is no evidence that the sus-pected echinococcus is local infection,close investigation and monitoring on this disease remains necessary.

  4. Public Opinion Guidance of Sensitive Emergency Involved Police%涉警突发敏感事件网络舆论引导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁帆

    2016-01-01

    在网络技术快速发展的今天,网络媒体在信息发布的领域不再一者独大,自媒体对网络舆论的发展起着极大的催化推动作用。涉警突发敏感事件的网络舆论,具有网络舆论主体多元化、匿名性,形成高速性,传播互动性、互文性的特点。由于警察的特殊身份,涉警突发敏感事件网络舆论的内容往往较为敏感,部分网民的观点容易夹杂着宣泄的心理,负面影响较大。针对涉警敏感事件网络舆论的独特之处,在涉警突发敏感事件发生之后,公安机关在舆论引导的过程中应着重把握“快”、“准”、“狠”三大原则和策略;找准时机进行议题的设置与置换;发挥网络舆论领袖的重要作用;建立一支专业的网络技术队伍,对涉警突发敏感事件网络舆论进行技术引导。%In the current rapid development of network technology, the network media in the field of information release is no longer unique, since the self-media plays a catalytic role for the development of network public opinion. The network public opinion of the sensitive emergency involved police has the characteristics of diversification, anonymity, recommend suite, interaction and intertextuality. Because of the police's special status, the content of the emergency is often sensitive, some netizens’ opinion easily mixed with psychological catharsis, whose negative impact is bigger. According to this situation, the public security organ should build a professional network technology team, and play an important leading role in guiding the network public opinion.

  5. 大学生团体心理气氛及疗效因子的变化--动力取向人际关系团体心理咨询%Change of Group Climate and Therapeutic Factor in Dynamically Interpersonal Groups of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海荣; 赵冰洁

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study is dynamically interpersonal group therapy to college students as the research subject. The purpose is to find the change of the group climate and the therapeutic factors in the dynamically interpersonal group psychotherapy. The method is to measure student group in early and late stage with climate questionnaire and therapeutic factor questionnaire. The results are: compared with that of the late stage, the engagement of group climate is low, the conflict and avoidance are high in early stage. The therapeutic factors that play more important role are catharsis, self-understanding and guidance in early stage. As the group process, the engagement of group climate is elated, the conflict and avoidance reduced in late stage. The therapeutic factors that play more important role are self-understanding, family reproduction and interpersonal input in late stage. At the same time in the early and late group, there is significant difference in terms of the therapeutic factors of altruism, interpersonal input, family reproduction and self-understanding. The conclusion is: dynamically college students interpersonal groups are different group climate and therapeutic factors in early and late stage.%目的:主要探讨动力取向大学生团体咨询气氛和疗效因子的变化。方法:运用团体气氛量表和疗效因素量表对团体施测。结果:经比较分析,早期气氛投入度低,冲突度和逃避度较高,晚期投入度升高,冲突度、逃避度下降;利他性、人际觉察、家庭重现、自我了解等因子有差异;与早期相比,晚期投入度高的气氛下,自我了解、家庭重现、人际觉察为重要疗效因子。结论:动力取向的大学生团体心理咨询早期和晚期气氛与疗效因子不同。

  6. Summary and Insights for Junior High School Counseling%对初中学校心理咨询的总结和感悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘乔丹; 王国猛

    2015-01-01

    本文主要从心理咨询工作者的角度对初中学校心理咨询做出总结和感悟,首先主要总结了现阶段初中生所面临的主要心理困惑和问题,主要包括三个方面:人际关系问题、学习压力问题、对未来的迷茫.这些问题的解决需要家长和老师共同协作,对学生应该给予足够的积极关注.另外还探讨了对学生进行积极有效心理咨询的策略,主要包括三个方面:正确引导、合理宣泄、榜样示范.作为心理咨询工作者,需要在咨询过程中全身心投入到对他们的关注中,充分发挥自己的专业优势,在力所能及的范围内有效地去帮助每一个学生.%This article from the perspective of workers in psychological counseling psychological counseling for junior high school summary and sentiment, first and foremost summarizes the main stage of mental confusion and problems faced by junior high school students, mainly in three aspects:relationship problems, learning pressure problem, uncertainty about the future. To solve these problems requires parents and teachers work together, students should be given enough positive atten-tion. It also explores the students active and effective counseling strategies, mainly in three aspects:the right guidance, rea-sonable catharsis, model demonstration. As psychological counseling workers in the consultation process needs to devote yourself to focus on them, and give full play to their professional advantage, within the limits of its resources effectively to help every student.

  7. Размышления о божественной литургии: границы театральности в творчестве Н. В. Гоголя | Dieviškosios liturgijos apmąstymai: teatrališkumas Nikolajaus Gogolio kūryboje | Meditations on the divine liturgy: boundaries of the theatricality in the creative work of Nikolay Gogol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga Vidugirytė

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Meditatons on the divine liturgy: boundaries of the theatricality in the creative work of Nikolay GogolInga VidugirytėSummary The purpose of the present article is to demonstrate the theatricality of Gogol’s Meditations on the Divine Liturgy. Theatricality is “the language of theatre as art”, as Jurij Lotman has stated. Phillis Hartnoll points out three aspects, viz. an actor, a dialogue, and a spectator, that separate theatre from its origins – the ritual. The birth of the spectator seems to Lotman and to Boris Uspenskij to be the decisive factor to establish a situation of the performance. The visuality of the performance is the main feature of theatre as art.There are three presumptions Gogol has about liturgy: (1 liturgy is a dramatic form of the evangelical plot, (2 the forms of worship in liturgy are so perfect that watching them is enough to understand the meaning of the ritual, (3 in liturgy, it is possible to achieve the unity of souls and feelings of all participants of the ritual. Gogol presents liturgy as performance. The narrative is based on separate scenes with clearly marked beginnings and ends. Gogol even renders intonations of dialogues between a priest and a deacon. The motif of performing distinguishes Gogol’s work from his predecessors.The only point of view in the text is from the outside. The narrator is one of the spectators of liturgical performance. On the other hand, the narrator is also a participator of the worship. Gogol shows the effect the performance makes on people and also renders their praying. Taking the sacrament is described as catharsis and in the same terms as Aristotle has done, viz. the horror and the purging. So even at this moment the theatrical nature of liturgy is retained.In the context of the Gogol’s discourse of theatre, liturgy seems to be the ideal performance. One can presuppose that the writer’s wish to explain the role of the theatre has ended with describing the most

  8. Clinical analysis of 92 patients with acute aconites poisoning%乌头碱中毒92例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张阳; 沈丽娟; 王长谦

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore clinical characteristics and emergency treatment of patients with acute aconites poisoning. Methods: Clinical data of 92 patients with acute aconites poisoning were analyzed. Results: After gastric lav-age, catharsis, a total of 78 cases (84.7%) received anticholinergic drugs under electrocardiography monitoring in early period, among which there were 23 cases (25%) receiving atropine and 55 cases (59. 8%) receiving penehycli-dine hydrochloride. There were two patients occurring Adam-stoke attack and they received DC asynchronous electric defibrillationj a total of eight shock patients were given anti-shock therapy routinely, they all got recovery. All 92 patients (100%) were cured and discharged from the hospital. Conclusion: The key point of emergency treatment of acute aconites poisoning is its diagnosis in early stage, early use of anticholinergic drugs, such as atropine and penehyclidine hydrochloride, if tachyarrhythmia occurs, lidocaine can increase emergency success rate.%目的:探讨急性乌头碱中毒患者的临床特征及抢救办法.方法:分析92例急性乌头碱中毒患者的临床资料.结果:入院后经洗胃、导泻,在心电监护下,78例早期应用抗胆碱药物(84.7%)治疗,其中23例应用阿托品(25.0%),55例应用盐酸戊乙奎醚(59.8%);有2例发生室颤并阿斯氏发作,8例发生休克,分别在给予直流非同步电除颤及抗休克治疗后得到恢复.92例患者全部治愈出院,治愈率为100%.结论:乌头碱中毒救治要点是早期诊断,早期及时使用抗胆碱能药物如阿托品、盐酸戊乙奎醚,如出现快速心律失常,使用利多卡因等可提高抢救成功率.

  9. The Use of Bibliotherapy in Classrooms for Gifted Students: A Bibliotherapy Model (Üstün Zekâlı ve Yetenekli Öğrencilerin de Bulunduğu Sınıflarda Bibliyoterapi Kullanımı: Model Önerisi

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    Marilena Z. Leana-Taşcılar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose and significance: There are several different opinions about how to use bibliotherapy technique. Most of them suggest that bibliotherapy must be used only by psychologists and psychological counselors for therapeutic reasons. A new approach of developmental bibliotherapy put forth the idea that bibliotherapy can be used in classrooms by teachers. Because most gifted students are good readers or have high ability in reading, the use of bibliotherapy in the classroom can be very important learning experience for gifted students. It can present an opportunity to understand themselves better, to cope with loneliness and being different from their classmates. Bibliotherapy also can provide opportunities for coping with problems, creating insights about different situations and experiencing purification. In this article, a model for bibliotherapy was proposed that could be used by teachers in the classroom. The model consists of three steps. The first step includes pre-reading activities. Teachers select the kind of bibliotherapy to be used (preventive counseling, problem solving, understanding others and then find criteria for selecting books. Criteria selection should be made according to gifted students’ needs. The second step includes reading process. The purpose of this step is to provide opportunities for the imaginative projection of a subjective state into an object or person, a kind of self-identification and catharsis. This step involves active participation of students. Some general strategies and teacher suggestions are used to in this step. The third step includes after reading activities. This step involves insight and generalization. The main tool of this step is questioning. Students and the teacher discuss the problem in the book and express insights and make generalizations about the problem. The discussion is very important for meeting mental and affective needs of gifted and talented students in the classroom. Matilda, a

  10. 网络对大学生情感的相关影响探讨%Impact of Internet to the Emotion of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾月珠

    2011-01-01

    In the contemporary studying and living of college students, in an increasingly wide range of network applications, but also for the formation and development of their emotional also had varying degrees of impact. In the information age, and exchange students through the network means more than catharsis, but not with relatives, teachers, friends, students exchanges in the real world is gradually reduced, which is not conducive to healthy emotional development of students, some students may even lead to of negative, pessimistic, lazy and other bad feelings, so in the future in higher education, the education sector must be network-related emotional impact on college students as an important research topic, and in practice, constantly sum up experience and accumulated to promote the comprehensive development of contemporary college students.%在当代大学生的学习和生活中,网络的应用日趋广泛,而且对他们情感的形成与发展也产生了不同程度的影响。在网络信息时代,大学生的情感交流和宣泄多是通过网络途径,而与亲人、老师、朋友、同学在现实中的交流在逐渐减少,这不利于大学生情感的健康发展,甚至有可能导致部分大学生出现消极、悲观、不思进取等不良情感。因此,在今后的高校教育中,广大教育工作者必须将网络对大学生情感的相关影响作为重要研究课题之一,并且在实践中不断总结和积累经验,以促进当代大学生的全面发展。

  11. 健康大学生血清血管紧张素Ⅱ、一氧化氮、同型半胱氨酸水平的四时观测及其与神经质、生活事件的关联性研究%The Serum Levels of AT-Ⅱ, NO and Hcy of Healthy University Students in Four Seasons and Their Correlation With Neuroticism and Life Events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦昱; 唐利龙; 邓华亮; 赵勇; 吴昊; 郑敏; 赵燕

    2016-01-01

    survey on physical and psychological health condition .Three days before and after winter solstice , spring equinox , summer solstice and autumn equinox , the levels of serum AT-Ⅱ, NO and Hcy were measured, and the levels of healthy university students with different conditions of neuroticism and life events were analyzed.Results At last, 307 university students were included after the exclusion of one female student in Beijing who didn ′t finish the survey due to sick rest .According to the score of neuroticism in EPQ-RSC and life event , the students were divided into group of low neuroticism and low life event (group A, n=41) and group of high neuroticism and high life event (group, n=34) .These healthy students were significantly different in the levels of serum AT-Ⅱ, NO and Hcy (P0.05); the two groups were different in the amplitude of variation and changing trend of the levels of AT-Ⅱ, NO and Hcy in the four seasons; B group had more cases with emotions like depression and preference for sighing and body discomfort , which resembled the symptoms of insufficient liver catharsis in TCM .Conclusion The serum levels of AT-Ⅱ, NO and Hcy have changing laws with the four seasons .The three indicators have close correlation with neuroticism and life events.From the prospective of TCM , the phenomenon may be related with the catharsis function of liver .

  12. Cancer related fatigue in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy and coping style%乳腺癌术后化疗患者癌因性疲乏与应对方式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜萍岚; 王曙红; 蒋冬梅; 虞玲丽

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨乳腺癌术后化疗患者癌因性疲乏水平与应对方式的关系.方法:采用癌症疲乏量表和Jalowiec应对量表对396例乳腺癌术后化疗患者进行问卷调查,并分析其相关性.结果:乳腺癌术后化疗患者总疲乏发生率为96.97%,以中度疲乏最为明显;各维度疲乏发生率由高到低依次为躯体疲乏、情感疲乏、认知疲乏;乳腺癌术后化疗患者应对方式得分由高到低依次为乐观、勇敢面对、寻求支持、自我依赖、情感宣泄、逃避、听天由命、保守,其中应用最多的是乐观应对方式,应用最少的应对方式是情感宣泄;情感宣泄应对方式与癌因性疲乏各维度均呈正相关(P<0.01);乐观、勇敢面对、寻求支持、自我依赖、保守应对方式与情感疲乏呈负相关(P<0.05);乐观、寻求支持应对方式与躯体疲乏呈负相关(P<0.05);逃避、听天由命应对方式与总疲乏、躯体疲乏、认知疲乏维度均呈正相关(P<0.05).结论:乳腺癌患者普遍存在癌因性疲乏,应引导患者更多地采用积极有效的应对方式,避免采用消极的应对方式,以增强患者的心理适应能力,减轻癌因性疲乏,提高患者生活质量.%Objective To study the relevance between cancer related fatigue and coping styles in breast cancer patients after chemotherapy. Methods A survey was conducted in 396 patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy on cancer related fatigue scale and Jalowiec coping scale, and the relation was analyzed. Results The rate of overall fatigue in breast cancer patients was 96.97%, mostly moderate fatigue. The rate of fatigue dimensions from high to low was physical fatigue, feeling fatigue and cognitive fatigue, respectively. The score of coping styles in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy from high to low was optimistic coping, facing bravely, support seeking, self-reliance, emotional catharsis, avoidance, fatalism, and conservation. The most

  13. Observando os grupos multifamiliares em uma instituição psiquiátrica Observing multifamily groups in a psychiatric institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Lúcia Tinoco Ponciano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Investigaram-se as diversas práticas que incluem a família em uma instituição psiquiátrica. Destacou-se o grupo multifamiliar, que é um espaço privilegiado de atendimento. OBJETIVO: Buscou-se compreender como as famílias são atendidas, levantando as principais questões observadas em diversos grupos. MÉTODOS: Como método, utilizou-se a observação participante, sendo realizada no setor de atendimento infanto-juvenil, no Hospital-Dia, no Centro de Doença de Alzheimer e outras demências (CDA e no Programa de Estudos e Assistência ao Uso Indevido de Drogas (PROJAD. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que no grupo multifamiliar a catarse, o relato dos conflitos e o compartilhamento de informações produzem um efeito de rede. Os familiares trabalham juntos e as famílias se engajam em uma conversação que ajuda a construir uma comunidade de apoio. CONCLUSÕES: Em razão das questões apresentadas, considerou-se importante discutir o grupo multifamiliar, relacionando-o à terapia de grupo multifamiliar, aos grupos de psicoeducação e ao trabalho com rede social. Concluiu-se que a rotina da instituição psiquiátrica tem incluído a família, mas é necessário analisar a demanda e sistematizar os atendimentos feitos em grupo.CONTEXT: Several practices that include the family in a psychiatric institution were investigated. The focus was on the multifamily group, which is a privileged space for assistance. GOAL: There was an attempt to understand how families are assisted, raising the main questions observed in different groups. METHODS: Participant observation was conducted in the child and youth sector, the Day-Hospital, the Center for Alzheimer Disease and other dementia (CDA, and in the Program for Studies and Assistance in Inappropriate Use of Drugs (PROJAD. RESULTS: It was observed that in the multifamily group the catharsis, the account of conflicts and the sharing of information produce a network effect. Family members work

  14. HIV/AIDS病人及其亲属的心理状态和相关心理社会因素的质性研究%A qualitative study regarding psychological status and related psychosocial factors of HIV/AIDS patients and their families

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖淑辉; 李玉英; 王金凤

    2013-01-01

    their feelings to others and self-catharsis. Conclusion Psychological problems of HIV carriers/AIDS patients and their families should not be neglected, and effective psychological interventions should be taken to help them get through their mental crisis. Support from the family is most important for HIV carriers/AIDS patients, so negative emotion of their family members should be intervened.

  15. Investigation of Yan′an Sport Spirit and Physical Exercise Motivation of College Students%延安体育精神与大学生体育锻炼动机的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    加金轮; 孟祥乐; 苏清芳

    2015-01-01

    Through using the method of questionnaires,mathematical statistics,this paper studies the relationship be-tween Yan′an sport spirit and physical exercise motivation of college students. The results show that the levels of Yan′an sport spirit and physical exercise motivation both are higher than the medium level. The main motivations is the physical motivation,so the social motivations should be improved. The relationship between Yan′an sport spirit and physical exercise motivation is significant. Tenacity,initiative and optimism is the effective predictable variables to physical health;comity and initiative is the effective predictable variables to sociality;initiative is the effective predictable variables to catharsis;initiative and optimism is the effective predictable variables to body style. So it is suggested that culturing Yan′an sport spirit is an effective way to enhance physical exercise motivation.%运用问卷调查法、数理统计法调查研究了大学生的延安体育精神与体育锻炼动机的现状,初步探究了二者之间的关系.结果表明:(1)大学生的延安体育精神水平处于中等偏上水平,这与大学生在体育课中的表现具有明显差别.(2)大学生的锻炼动机水平高于理论中值水平,其动机仍然以身体动机为主导动机,社会性动机需要加强.(3)大学生的延安体育精神与锻炼动机有紧密联系.其中,坚韧、主动、乐观是体能与健康动机的有效预测指标;主动是乐趣与宣泄动机的有效预测指标;主动、乐观是外表与体形动机的有效预测指标;团结协作、主动是社交与休闲的有效预测指标.结论认为,大学生的延安体育精神能预测体育锻炼的动机水平,因此通过宣传、教育提高大学生的延安体育精神的水平是增强体育锻炼动机的一条有效途径.

  16. 认知行为团体治疗对住院抑郁症患者的疗效%Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral group therapy in patients with major depression in inpatient department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤臻; 吴天诚; 李鸣

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨认知行为团体治疗对住院抑郁症患者的疗效. 方法:64例住院抑郁症患者随机分为研究组和对照组各32例.两组均给予盐酸舍曲林治疗,研究组同时接受为期8周,每周1次的认知行为团体治疗.两组分别于入组前及治疗8周接受汉密尔顿抑郁量表( HAMD-17)、汉密尔顿焦虑量表(HAMA)及自动思维问卷(ATQ)的评定;治疗8周后接受团体治疗疗效因子问卷调查. 结果:两组HAMD、HAMA及ATQ评分均较治疗前显著降低(P均<0.01),以研究组HAMD、HAMA及ATQ评分显著低于对照组(t=-2.63,-2.93,-2.81;P <0.05或P<0.01).研究组团体治疗疗效因子中普同性、情绪宣泄、人际学习(获取)、人际学习(付出)、团体凝聚力等因子显著优于对照组(t =11.74,7.18,5.88,6.09,3.39;P均=0.001). 结论:认知行为团体治疗可有效提高住院抑郁症患者的疗效.%Objective:To investigate the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral group therapy in patients with major depression in inpatient department. Method;64 patients with major depression were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of treatment with cognitive-behavioral group therapy combined with sertraline ( study group, n = 32) or with sertraline only ( control group, n = 32 ). Efficacy was assessed with Hamilton depression rating scale (HAMD-17) .Hamilton anxiety scale(HAMA) and automatic thoughts questionnaire (ATQ) at the baseline and the end of 8 weeks after treatment. Two groups were also assessed by Yaloms therapeutic factors questionnaire at the end of 8 weeks. Results;Both groups had significant improvement with the assessment of HAMD, HAMA and ATQ after 8 week treatment(all P <0.01). However,compared to control group,study group had significant reduction in the scores of HAMD,HAMA and ATQ at the end of the 8 week treatment (t = -2. 63, -2.93, - 2. 81 ;P <0. 05 or P <0.01). It was suggested the important therapeutic factors were university, catharsis,interpersonal learning (input

  17. The influence of Naikan therapy plus cognitive-behavior group therapy on thera-peutic effectiveness of depression%内观疗法联合认知行为团体治疗对抑郁症临床疗效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔晓欣

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of Naikan therapy plus cognitive-behavior group therapy on therapeutic effectiveness of depression .Methods Sixty-four patients with depression were randomly as-signed to two groups of 32 ones each .Both groups received sertraline treatment ,research group was plus Naikan therapy and cognitive-behavior group therapy for 8 weeks .Assessments were conducted with the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) ,Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Automatic Thoughts Ques-tionnaire (ATQ ) at baseline and the end of the 8th week .Effect factors were assessed with the Group Therapeutic Factors Questionnaire (GTFQ ) at the end of the 8th week .Results At the end of the 8th week ,The HAMA ,HAMD and ATQ scores of both groups lowered more significantly compared with pretreatment (P<0 .01) ,so did those(P<0 .05 or 0 .01) and such factor score were significantly higher as university ,catharsis ,interpersonal learning (input) ,interpersonal learning (output) and group cohesive-ness ( P< 0 .001 ) in research than control group .Conclusion Naikan therapy plus cognitive-behavior group therapy could effectively relieve or eliminate anxious-depressive emotion of inpatients with depres-sion ,reduce the frequency of automatic thoughts ,and has an advantage in efficacy over single drug treat-ment .%目的探讨内观疗法联合认知行为团体治疗对抑郁症患者临床疗效的影响。方法将64例抑郁症患者随机分为两组,每组32例。两组均给予舍曲林治疗,研究组在此基础上联合内观治疗及认知行为团体治疗。观察8周。于治疗前及治疗8周末,采用汉密顿焦虑量表、汉密顿抑郁量表及自动想法问卷对两组患者进行测评。治疗8周末,采用团体治疗疗效因子问卷评估疗效因子。结果治疗8周末两组汉密顿焦虑量表、汉密顿抑郁量表及自动想法问卷评分均较治疗前显著下降(P<0.01),研究组显著低于对照组(P<0.05或0.01

  18. Contribution of historical and literary works to the understanding of political phenomena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanovčić Vojislav

    2005-01-01

    ones from the 20th century, used found inspiration and drew ideas and incentives or material from the sources with which they supplemented their theoretical categories, notions and explanations, including the images of political life. These sources are represented in the great literary works. Contradictory opinions about the character and significance of ail and literature are found in Plato's and Aristotle's writings. Aristotle, who analyzed this problem, presented arguments why literary insights - precisely because of the character of insights they offer - deserve to stand in the same pedestal with philosophy. He used the expression he himself introduced to mark one aspect of the effect of art and literature - and that is catharsis. Psychology facilitates our insights into the motives and consequences of the participants' behavior social psychology being particularly important, but also ethics. The means used to convey a certain truth is less important, its essence is more important. Several Greek philosophers (Parmenides, Empedocles, Xenophon even the Roman ones (for example, Lucretius Cains wrote their philosophical treatises in verse. Kant's famous words Sapere aude! with which he asks people to have courage to use their own mind and thus become enlightened originate from the Roman poet Horace, and Michel de Montaigne also used them. Plato and Aristotle referred not only to the available sources about preceding philosophical ideas and political systems, including the first Greek historians, but also to the tragedians, primarily Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, to the comedy writers (like Aristophanes, to the lyricists (Solon, Simonides, Archilochus. When Aristotle expounds one of the key categories of his political theory about man as a political animal (zoon politikon, he refers to Homer to confirm what he himself believes. Anica Savić-Rebac quotes Strabo's formulations about poetry as "the first philosophy", as well as about Homer's work as "poetic

  19. 大学生情绪调节方式与人际交往的关系%The Relationship between Emotion Regulation and Human Communication of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程玉文; 成欣蕊; 吕怀芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To study the relationship between emotion regulation and human communication in college students.Method:712 college students in Soochow University were selected,they were evaluated by Emotion regulation scale and Interpersonal competence scale respectively.Result:There was a big difference in undergraduate's adjusting way of emotion.Boys tended to value adjustment,but girls ignored and maintained regulation.Emotion regulation of sadness and shy had a large effect on interpersonal skills.With analysis of variance and chi-square analysis results,we knew among 10 kinds of emotions,way of regulating shyness and sadness had the impact on their interpersonal skills,students maintaining the shyness were more likely to achieve good interpersonal relationships than those who attached great importance to the adjustment,the probability of them got a good interpersonal relationship was 1.74 times of the other students.Conclusion:Now the college students have problems in adjusting the shy and sadness,so for sadness,shy,anger and other negative emotions,we suggest they should take a correct way of catharsis and positive adjustment.Effective emotion regulation can help the individual get good state of mood and excellent interpersonal communications kills,better meet the needs of the society and the environment.%目的:本文着重于初探大学生情绪调节方式与人际交往的研究。方法:选取712名苏州大学本科生,分别接受情绪调节方式量表、人际交往能力量表的评定。结果:大学生对于不同的情绪,调节方式有很大差异,男生偏向重视调节,女生则无明显偏向。针对悲伤和害羞两种情绪的调节方式对人际交往能力有较大的影响,对于害羞进行维持调节的大学生比那些运用重视调节的大学生更易获得较好的人际关系,其获得良好的人际关系的概率是重视调节学生的1.74倍。结论:当下大学生对于害羞、悲伤等情绪的忽

  20. Investigation of self-care knowledge and behavior of community elderly%社区老年人自我保健知识与行为的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马艳; 刘志英

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore self-care knowledge level and elderly health behavior methods and provide theory basis for elderly health behavior.Methods Through the questionnaire survey manner,the survey of 4 communities in Beijing,and age is not less than 60 years old about the self-care knowledge and behavior.Results Average score of elderly self-care knowledge was (23.45 ± 5.27),and score of health behavior was (47.23 ± 11.06) ; the relationship was positive ( r =0.34,P <0.01 ) ; three highest scores about elderly selfcare knowledge were as follows: vegetables and fruits were rich in vitamin,Banana have travel catharsis function,alcohol and smoking were harmful for health; three highest scores about elderly behavior were:ventilation in the room,eating hot food and gluttony and hungry.Conclusions The elderly self-care knowledge and behavior in the overall level was medium and low.The elderly culture degree influences on the level of health care knowledge.Self health care knowledge can promote self care behavior.%目的 探讨增进老年人自我保健知识水平及保健行为的方法,为普及老年人自我保健知识及行为提供依据.方法 通过问卷调查的方式,调查北京市4个社区年龄≥60岁的老年人的自我保健知识和行为.结果 社区老年人自我保健知识平均得分(23.45±5.27)分和自我保健行为平均得分(47.23±11.06)分,两者呈正相关(r=0.34,P<0.01);社区老年人自我保健知识得分较高的前三位项目分别为:蔬菜、水果其维生素含量较丰富,香蕉具有通便作用,酗酒吸烟有害健康;行为得分较高的前三位项目分别为:室内通风,进食温热食品,暴饮暴食或过饥过饱.结论 老年人的自我保健知识和行为总体水平中等偏低,老年人的文化程度影响自我保健知识的掌握水平,自我保健知识的正确掌握对自我保健行为具有促进作用.

  1. Effects of Chinese rhubarb combined with Smecta in treatment of ;organophosphorus pesticide poisoning%两组用药清除有机磷农药中毒肠道毒物的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴艳丽

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨大黄、思密达与硫酸镁、漂白土在治疗急性有机磷农药中毒的疗效。方法将76例口服有机磷中毒的重度患者随机均分2组。两组均给予彻底洗胃、适量应用长托宁及阿托品解毒,氯磷定复能剂等综合常规治疗。A组(治疗组)应用大黄导泻、思密达吸附;B组(对照组)应用硫酸镁导泻、漂白土吸附。观察首次排便时间,胃肠功能不全发生率及严重程度评分;观察胃肠功能恢复时间、阿托品化时间、意识恢复时间、胆碱酯酶活力恢复50%以上时间、阿托品和长托宁用量、药物耐受、中毒反跳、中间综合征、迟发性神经病、住院时间和死亡情况。结果治疗组各指标均优于对照组,均差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01或P<0.05)。结论思密达、大黄是目前彻底清除AOPP患者胃肠道残留毒物较好的导泻、吸附联合用药,减少了药物用量和并发症、缩短了住院时间。%Objective investigate the effects of Chinese rhubarb combined with Smecta in treatment of organopjophorus pesticide poisoning. Methods Seventy-six patients with organophosphorus pesticide poisoning underwent conventional treatment including thorough gastric lavage, muscular injection of penehyckiine hydrochloride, intravenous injection of atropine through micropumping, and intravenous drip of pyraloxime methylchloride. The patients were randomly divided into 2 equal groups: Group A underdoing catharsis with 200 ml of Chinese Rhubarb powder and then suspension of Smecta through gastric tube 2h later as a cycle per 4 hours for 48 hours, and Group B undergoing irrigation of magnesium sulphate solution and suspension of Fuller's earth per 4 hours as a cycle for 48 hours. The effects were observed. Results The first defecation yime, recovery time of gastrointestinal tract, time of atropinization time, consciousness recovery time, recovery time of cholinesterase activity, and length

  2. 全程护理对多发性骨髓瘤化疗患者应对方式及希望水平的影响%The Effect of Full Care on the Coping Strategies and Hope Level of Multiple Myeloma of Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘婉; 葛莉; 宋丽良

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of the full care of receiving chemotherapy on the coping strategies and hope level of receiving chemotherapy of multiple myeloma (MM) with patients .Methods 68 cases of multiple myeloma pa‐tients were randomly divided into observation group(n=34) and control group (n=34) .The patients in control group were given with chemotherapy during routine care .The observation group were given with full care .The Jalowies coping scale in‐tervention ,Health hope scale ,WHO quality of Life of two groups were evaluated with Jalowies coping scale intervention , Health hope scale ,WHO quality of Life scale (WHO QOL -BREF) before and after the application .Results The alliative , escape ,fate ,relying on self and other scores of control group were higher than the observation group(t= 4 .852、4 .713、4 .889、5 .012 ,P<0 .05) ,and optimistic in the face ,to seek support ,emotional catharsis score of control group were lower than the observation group(t=4 .986、4 .002、3 .985、4 .182 ,P<0 .05) .The hope level of observation group after intervention were higher than control group after the intervention (t=6 .032 ,P <0 .05) .The physiological ,psychological field ,social field ,the field of environment and overall quality of life score of observation group were higher than control groups after the intervention (t=5 .316、6 .627、5 .184、5 .220、8 .936 ,P<0 .05) .Conclusion full nursing intervention can effectively improve chemotherapy for multiple myeloma patients coping style and desired level of disease ,improve confidence in the treatment of patients ,improve the quality of life of patients .%目的:探讨全程护理对多发性骨髓瘤(M M )化疗患者应对方式及希望水平的影响。方法将68例M M 化疗患者,按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组,各34例。对照组化疗期间给予常规护理。观察组化疗期间给予全程护理。干预前后应用Jalowies应对方式量表、Herth希望

  3. 小儿真假性肠梗阻影像表现分析及在临床诊断中的价值%Image analysis of true and false intestinal obstruction in children and its clinical value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家美; 魏儒佳

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨小儿真假性肠梗阻的影像表现及其对临床诊断的价值。方法收集2008年1月-2013年6月我院住院临床证实为肠梗阻的患儿79例病例,对其影像资料分析,判断肠梗阻的病因、程度,指导临床治疗。结果所有患儿均有腹痛、腹胀。其中有47例具有不同的原发病,32例患儿为急性腹胀、腹痛、呕吐、肛门停止排气排便入院。本组79例患者中,71例患儿腹部平片及CT诊断为肠梗阻,其中59例诊断为功能性肠梗阻,12例为肠套叠,1例为肠闭锁,1例为肠肿瘤,3例为肠扭转,3例为肠道蛔虫症。71例患儿经临床导泻、灌肠、驱虫等保守治疗后好转,8例进行手术治疗。结论小儿真假性肠梗阻的病因不同,其临床表现和影像征象也不同,临床治疗方法也不相同,通过对影像征象的分析,对肠梗阻的存在、性质、程度及部位做出科学诊断,从而更好地指导临床治疗。%Objective To investigate the image manifestation of true and pseudo obstruction and its value in clinical treat-ment.Methods Clinical data of 79 cases of children with intestinal obstruction were collected and analyzed in our hospital from January 2008 to June 2013 to determine the cause and degree of the disease and to guide the clinical treatment.Results All the cases were afflicted with abdominal pain and abdominal distension.47 cases suffered from different primary diseases,32 from acute abdominal distension,abdominal pain,vomiting, inability of anus exhaust and defecation.71 cases were diagnosed as intestinal obstruction by abdominal plain film and CT (59 as functional intestinal obstruction) ,12 cases as intussusception, 1 case as intestinal atresia,1 case as intestinal tumor,3 cases as volvulus,and 3 cases as intestinal worm disease.The 71 cases improved after clinical conservative treatments such as catharsis,enema,and insect repellent.8 cases underwent surgery treat

  4. 'Life?': modernism and liminality in Douglas Livingstone’s A littoral zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Terblanche

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to find his place within nature in South Africa and in a global modern context, Douglas Livingstone returns strongly to modernist poetry in his 1991 volume A littoral zone. In contrast to his predecessors like Wallace Stevens in “The glass of water” and T.S. Eliot in The waste land, this volume at critical moments gets stuck in a liminal stage. Images and poems, and eventually the volume as a whole, despite the highlights they present, say that it no longer seems so possible to end up also within the postliminal stage, so as to complete a rite of passage. Yet modernist poems such as Stevens’s “The glass of water” have the ability to end up in postliminal affirmation through and beyond the liminal stage of the overall process. Here light becomes a thirsty lion that comes down to drink from the glass, with a resultant transcendence of the dualistic between-ness that characterises the liminal stage in the modernist poetic mode, while this further results in the incorporation of a deeper and refreshing, dynamic unity. Even more remarkable is that this poetic rite is not of a closing nature, but open, especially in the sense that it affirms all that is possible and greater than the individual ego or subject, this, while getting stuck within a liminal stage just short of the postliminal stage can be in the nature of closure, as Livingstone shows, for example, when he says in “Low tide at Station 20” that humanity is trapped in its inability to see the original power of unity with and within nature in order to live within it; and while humanity remains an ugly outgrowth on the gigantic spine of evolution. In provisional conclusion this article finds that it will be better to view Victor Turner’s 1979 celebration of what he terms the “liminoid” in the place of a “true liminality” critically. Although it is impossible to return to a collective catharsis in watching a play, one cannot feel too comfortable about

  5. Vigotski e o teatro: descobertas, relações e revelações Vygotsky y el teatro: descubrimientos, relaciones laborales y revelaciones Vygotsky and theatre: findings, relationships and discoveries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edlucia Robelia Oliveira de Barros

    2011-06-01

    aims to reveal the partial results of ongoing research that investigates the deep relationship of the writings of psychologist Lev S. Vygotsky (1896 - 1934 with the theatrical art. It presents data on the biography of the author, as a matter of him having been in youth, lover, reader of dramatic works, director and actor. Experiences that contributed to its formation and are expressed in productions such as The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (1968, which has strong influences of the show Hamlet (1911, directed by Gordon Craig and Stanislavsky. Moreover, the text displays brief comments about the works of Vygotsky, among these, Psychology of Art (1965 that provides a notion of aesthetic reception based on contradictory catharsis. Data that are expanding knowledge and interpretations about the life and work of the Russian psychologist, as well as studies regarding his relationship with the theater.

  6. 情绪调节自我效能感对慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者治疗的影响%Effect of Regulatory Emotional Self-efficacy on the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾德文; 吴伟英; 潘海燕; 彭琳; 廖素群

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of psychological intervention on regulatory emotional self-efficacy, and to analysis the possible effect regulatory emotional self-efficacy on the treatment and rehabilitation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients. Methods: 1) The COPD patients were divided into the psychological intervention group and the control group. 2) The regulatory emotional self-efficacy scale was used for evaluating the regulatory emotional self-efficacy before and after psychological intervention. 3). The rational emotive therapy, supportive therapy, setnotional catharsis, rehabilitation guidance and disease contingency guidance were used in the intervention group during the acute exacerbation treatment and during the following survey lasting for one year. Results: 1. The palindromia percentage, the treatment time in hospitalization and the frequency to go to hospitalization for treatment were reduced significantly after psychological intervention, but little effect were obseved during the acute exacerbation treatment. 2. The regulatory emotional self-efficacy was improved significantly by psychological intervention. Conclusion: Psychological interventions improve the patient's emotional regulation self-efficacy effectively, promote the rehabilitation of COPD patients in the remission stage and reduce the recurrence rate significantly.%目的:本研究探讨心理干预对患者情绪调节自我效能感的影响,分析情绪调节自我效能感对慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者治疗和康复的影响.方法:1)实验分为干预组(实验组)和非干预组(对照).2)情绪调节自我效能感量表评定患者干预前后的情绪调节自我效能感.3)对心理干预组进行随访,使用理性情绪化疗法、支持疗法、情绪宣泄法、康复指导及疾病意外应对指导进行干预.结果:1)为其1年心理干预有效降低疾病复发率、住院时间和住院频率.但对急性发作治

  7. Clinical effects of perioperative fast-track surgery program in patients with colorectal cancer%结直肠癌患者围手术期快速康复外科新理念治疗的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王钢; 黄河

    2011-01-01

    To observe the clinical effects of pcriopcrativc fast-track surgery (FTS) program in the patients with colorcctal cancer. Methods: Ninety-one patients with colorcctal cancer were randomly divided into FTS group (48 cases) and control group (43 cases). The patients in the FTS group received FTS program pcriopcrativcly, including psychological aid, cntcral nutrition and catharsis before operation, control of the volume of transfusion during the operation, small incision for operation, non-steroid analgesic treatment, early withdrawal of urc-thral catheter and gastric tube, and encouraging patients to be ambulatory early after operation. The patients in the control group received routine protocol pcriopcrativcly, including taking antibiotics orally, fasting, cleansing enema before operation, routine incision, large-volume transfusion, routine dainagc, opioid analgesic for pain, withdrawal of urinary catheter 3 days after operation. The duration from operation to the first flatus and defecation, the incidence of nausea and vomiting, rate of postoperative complications, postoperative nutritional state (scrum albumin level), and postoperative hospital stay, and hospitalization expenditure were compared between the two groups. Results:Compared to the control group, in the FTS group the duration from operation to the first passage of flatus and defecation was shortened, the incidence of complications after operation was reduced, the scrum albumin level was higher, the hospitalization time was shortened, and the hospitalization expenditure reduced. The rate of postoperative nausea and vomiting was simi-lcr between the two groups. Conclusions: FTS program can obviously increase the pcriopcrativc body constitution of the patients with colorcctal cancer, reduce the degree of operative trauma, decrease the incidence of complications, shorten hospital stay and lower hospitalization expenditure.%目的:观察结、直肠癌患者围手术期应用快速康复外科(FTS)新理念

  8. The Implication of Aristotle’s Aesthetics of Tragedy for the Philosophy of Education%亚里士多德悲剧美学在教育哲学上的蕴义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄藿

    2016-01-01

    Aristotle’s Poetics set the foundation for western aesthetics theories.The book discusses the formats and conditions for writing tragedy,which provides theoretical foundation for literature writing including tragedy.Aristotle differs from his master Plato in dealing with arts and poets.The latter looked down upon arts and proposed to banish poets from the polis.Aristotle held that the role of poets should be viewed objectively.He tried to define literature writing especially tragedy,which is very popular in ancient creek,from a new perspective.He took a positive stance towards tragedy and said,“Tragedy,then,is an imitation of an action that is serious,complete,and of a certain magnitude;in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament,the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play;in the form of action,not of narrative;with incidents arousing pity and fear,wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.”Aristotle pointed out that the most important effect of tragedy is to cure and purify audi-ence’s hearts.Tragedy reflects the true aspect of human nature.The pity and fear aroused by the actions in tragedy can show the noble characters of true hero,resonate with people’s feelings and soul,and fur-ther release and improve audience’s emotions.This makes it possible for Aristotle’s Aesthetics of Tragedy Aristotle to complement other ethics theories and achieve goals that they cannot meet.%亚里士多德的《创作学》(或译为《诗学》),是西方美学理论的基础,全书讨论悲剧创作相关的形式与实质的条件,为悲剧与其他文类创作提供了理论的基础。亚里士多德与其师柏拉图贬抑诗人与艺术的立场相左,主张以一种客观超然的眼光来看待诗人与剧作家的角色,把文艺创作,尤其是古希腊流行的悲剧,尝试从新的角度来定义:悲剧是透过戏剧行动的模拟,表现戏剧行动者的崇高品格,以完整的布局

  9. 水面舰艇军人的正负性情感与心理弹性情绪调节和应对方式的相关研究%Research of positive/negative emotion and the resilience, emotional adjustment and coping method of warship soldiers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左昕; 叶民文; 彭李; 李敏; 文雄; 邹学军; 于永菊; 毛朝海

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between positive/negative emotion and the resilience,emotional adjustment and coping method of warship soldiers.Methods A cluster sampling survey was conducted among 1451 warship soldiers by using the positive and negative affect scale (PANAS),Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA),Emotion Regulation Scale (ERS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ).According to the test results,212 soldiers were selected to be categorized into two groups,which were high emotional low negative emotion group (n 1 =106) and high negative affect low positive emotion group (n2 =106).The difference of RSA,ERS and SCSQ of two groups were compared.Results ①Compared with high negative affect low positive emotion group,high emotional low negative emotion group had higher resilience,more positive coping and less inhibition and abreaction adjustment (Respectively:(3.17 ± 0.42),(2.22 ± 0.50),(1.11 ± 0.76),(21.93 ±5.11) and (25.73 ± 4.66),(P < 0.01)).②The relationship between positive emotion and resilience,expression regulation and actively respond were positive correlation,and the coefficient of correhtion were 0.30,0.24 and 0.42(P <0.01).The negative emotion and inhibition negative coping were positively related to resilience and negatively related to correlation,and the coefficient of correlation were 0.36,0.41 and-0.13 (P<0.01).③Regression analysis showed that positive coping,catharsis regulating and resilience can better predict positive affection,meanwhile negative coping,inhibition and resilience can better predict negative affect,accounted for 21.6% and 24.1% respectively.Conclusion The positive/negative emotions and resilience,emotion regulation and coping styles of warship soldiers are closely related.%目的 探讨水面舰艇军人正负性情感与心理弹性、情绪调节和应对方式的关系.方法 采用正性负性情感量表(PANAS)、成人心理弹性量表(RSA)、情绪调节方式问卷(ERS)和

  10. Influence of place card health education on the post-traumatic growth in laryngeal cancer patients after the operation%台签式健康教育对喉癌术后患者创伤后成长的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢蕾; 钱聪

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of place card health education on the post-traumatic growth in laryngeal cancer patients after the operation .Methods Ninety-two laryngeal cancer patients from January 2012 to December 2013 were chosen and divided into the control group and the observation group , each with 46 cases.The control group received the routine health education , and the observation group received the place card health education on the basis of the routine health education .The patients were surveyed by Posttraumatic Growth Inventory ( PTGI ) , Jalowies coping scale , General Self-Efficacy Scale ( GSES ) before and after the health education.Results The total score of PTGI was (76.38 ±14.75) in the observation group, and was better than (52.18 ±12.02) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.986, P<0.05).The score of GSES was (50.92 ±12.78) in the observation group, and was higher than (35.98 ± 6.72) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t =5.785, P <0.05 ).The differences were found in the all dimension of Jalowies coping scale before and after the health education ( P<0.05).The score of PTGI of laryngeal cancer patients after the operation was positively correlated with looking for support, optimism, face, and emotional catharsis included by Jalowies coping scale ( r =0.402,0.412, 0.325,0.336, respectively;P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with escape , fate, palliative, self-relying included by Jalowies coping scale (r=-0.352,-0.372,-0.363,-0.341, respectively;P<0.05).The score of PTGI was positively correlated with self-efficacy(r=0.396,P<0.05).Conclusions Place card health education can make the patients to raise positive response to the disease and learn to regulate negative emotions so as to improve their self-efficacy and promote their post-traumatic growth.%目的:探讨台签式健康教育对喉癌术后患者创伤后成长的影响。方法选取2012年1月-2013

  11. Coping style and psychological adaptation of college students%大学生的应付方式与其心理适应性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏宇; 魏文风

    2007-01-01

    results.RESULTS: A total of 422 copies of questionnaires were sent out, and 362 copies were drawn back, 19 copies were invalid questionnaires due to either there were missing answers or the answer had reflective tendency. At last, 343 sets of data entered the analysis procedure. ① According to factor analysis results, the main coping styles used by college students were F1 (seeking support), F2(positive thinking), F3(cognitive adjustment), F4(passive blame oneself), F5(facing reality), F6(avoidance), F7(emotional catharsis).There were three main coping styles from cluster analysis, that was, A (positive confrontation), B (passive avoidance) and C(passive catharsis).② Those who were more adaptive used A coping style more frequently, and those who had lower adaptation level used B or C coping style more frequently. But few students used C coping style. A coping style was significantly negatively correlated with mental or physical symptoms (r= -0.258,P< 0.01 ),but significantly positively correlated with adaptation level (r =0.467, P < 0.01);But both B and C coping styles were significantly positively correlated with mental or physical symptoms (r=0.338, 0.364, P < 0.01 ), B coping style was significantly negatively correlated with psychological adaptation(r =-0.140, P < 0.05). It seemed that C coping style had no correlation with long-term adaptation. A and C coping styles were two dependent styles respectively. In addition, different levels of stress were significantly correlated with three styles. Few A coping styles were used under high level of stress, but more B and C coping styles did.CONCLUSION: Coping style is complex. Use of different copying styles is significantly correlated with psychological adaptation levels. But the direction of correlation is effected by the factors, such as individuals, index of results and degree of stress.

  12. 联合大黄为主中药组方序贯治疗急性百草枯中毒患者的前瞻性临床研究%Effect of rhubarb as the main composition of sequential treatment in patients with acute paraquat poisoning:a prospective clinical research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王维展; 李伟; 李敬; 马国营; 李娜; 王璞; 肖青勉; 李柏艳; 刘永建; 高珣

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo observe the effect of rhubarb as the main composition in the therapy for patients with acute paraquat poisoning (APP).MethodsA prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. 128 patients with APP admitted to Harrison International Peace Hospital from March 2011 to December 2013 were randomly divided into western medicine control group (n = 64) and western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combination group (n = 64). All the patients were treated with repeated gastric lavage and oral kaolin. The patients in western medicine control group were given 20% mannitol and (or) magnesium sulfate for catharsis, early (within 8 hours of admission) hemoperfusion (HP), and also given the routine combined therapy. In TCM combination group, in addition to the above treatment patients were given oral paraquat poisoning detoxification prescription No.1 every 2 hours for catharsis, which was composed of rhubarb 10 g, glauber salt 12 g, agrimony 12 g, and licorice 6 g. When green stool disappeared, detoxification therapy was changed to No. 2 compound once a day for 14 days, which was consisted of rhubarb 10 g, ginseng 6 g, agrimony 15 g, rhizoma chuanxiong 10 g, licorice 6 g. The poison volume, first dose of oral drug, time for the first HP, time of the first defecation, the time of last green stool, decontamination time, white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), arterial blood gas analysis, blood lactic acid (Lac), liver and kidney functions, myocardial enzyme spectrum, chest CT, adverse reaction, days of hospitalization, and mortality rate were observed in both groups. The levels of paraquat in plasma and urine were determined before treatment and 12 hours after poisoning in both groups. Sixty days after discharge, chest CT was taken for observation of pulmonary fibrosis. ResultsThere were no significant differences in the poison volume, ingestion time and the time for the first HP between the two groups. Compared with western

  13. 肠道去污在全身炎症反应综合征患者炎症反应调节中的作用%Effect of selective gut decontamination in regulation of inflammatory reaction in patients with systemic ;inflammatory response syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王幼黎; 路树强; 高举; 王志超; 蔡爱兵

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of selective gut decontamination in regulation of inflammatory reaction compared with rhubarb and glycerine enema for catharsis in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome ( SIRS ), and to discuss its mechanisms. Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. Fifty-seven patients with SIRS admitted to Department of General Surgery of Aviation General Hospital from June 2009 to June 2014 were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into rhubarb decontaminate group, traditional decontaminate group and blank control group, with 19 cases in each group. Besides the treatment for primary disease, including anti-infection, operation, alleviate pain, nutritional support, and maintaining water and electrolyte balance, the patients in rhubarb decontaminate group received aqueous extract from rhubarb 15-20 g by gastric tube, enema, or peros, twice a day;and those in traditional decontaminate group received glycerine enema or glycerol enema, twice a day; while no gavage or enema was prescribed in blank control group. Peripheral blood was collected before and 72 hours after treatment. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA ) was used to determine the concentration of lipopolysaccharide ( LPS ) and inflammatory mediators. Results Compared with blank control group and traditional decontaminate group, the levels of interleukins ( IL-1, IL-8 ), LPS, platelet activating factor ( PAF ), tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α), andγ-interferon ( IFN-γ) before treatment was similar to that of rhubarb decontaminate group [ IL-1 ( ng/L ): 53.154±5.783, 50.564±5.771, 51.082±6.403, F = 0.994, P = 0.377; IL-8 ( ng/L ): 70.492±6.146, 68.376±6.112, 68.673±8.384, F=0.514, P=0.601;LPS (μg/L ):11.630±2.449, 10.858±2.307, 10.463±2.145, F = 1.261, P = 0.291; PAF (μg/L ): 4.173±0.395, 4.051±0.362, 4.078±0.487, F = 0.446, P = 0.642; TNF-α( ng/L ):132.498±10.772, 129.735±12.881, 127.207±11.514, F=0.963, P=0.388;IFN