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Sample records for case reports

  1. Case report

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    Füchtbauer, Laila; Brusgaard, Klaus; Ledaal, Pål;

    2015-01-01

    ey Clinical Message Vitamin D-dependent rickets type 1 VDDR-1 is a recessive inherited disorder with impaired activation of vitamin D, caused by mutations in CYP27B1. We present long-time follow-up of a case with a novel mutation including high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography...

  2. A report on case reports

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    Gopikrishna Velayutham

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Case reports are defined as the scientific documentation of a single clinical observation and have a time-honored and rich tradition in medicine and scientific publication. This article discusses the role and relevance of case reports in the current evidence-based medical literature. It also seeks to help and guide authors to understand how to prepare a reasonable and well-written case report and how they may anticipate concerns that peer reviewers may express when scrutinizing their manuscript. An overview of the Journal of Conservative Dentistry′s review process of a manuscript submission is provided for the benefit of future authors. It is important to be able to read a case report critically and to use the information they contain appropriately. This article also discusses the factors to consider in evaluating individual case reports, and discusses a practical conceptual scheme for evaluating the potential value and educational content of a case report.

  3. Portal cholangiopathy: case report

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    Maria Cecilia Almeida Maia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present report describes the case of a child that after blunt abdominal trauma presented with portal thrombosis followed by progressive splenomegaly and jaundice. Ultrasonography and percutaneous cholangiography revealed biliary dilatation secondary to choledochal stenosis caused by dilated peribiliary veins, characterizing a case of portal biliopathy. The present case report is aimed at presenting an uncommon cause of this condition.

  4. A Case for Case Report

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    Vivek Gharpure

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Evidence based medicine (EBM is becoming popular among clinicians and medical publishers; as clinical research is tested against the touchstone of EBM. Theory of Quality of Evidence, considers randomized controlled trials to be the best quality evidence, while case reports and expert opinions are considered at the lowest ebb

  5. Essential trichomegaly: case report

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    Julia Dutra Rossetto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports two cases of symptomatic essential trichomegaly. Trichomegaly may develop in various diseases, including anorexia nervosa, hypothyroidism, pregnancy, pretibial myxedema, systemic lupus erythematosus, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and uveitis. The exact incidence trichomegaly is unknown, and the condition remains sporadically reported. Two cases of symptomatic trichomegaly without any associated systemic disorder are presented in this paper.

  6. Case report: Perinephric lymphangiomatosis

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    Gorantla Rajani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Perirenal lymphangiomatosis is a rare benign malformation of the lymphatic system. We report here a case of bilateral perirenal and parapelvic involvement with a normal excretory collecting system.

  7. ACROMEGALY: A CASE REPORT

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    2015-01-01

    Acromegaly is a rare disease caused due to hyper secretion of growth hormone. Most of the cases of acromegaly are caused by pitutary adenoma which can be microadenoma or macroadenomas. These adenomas are never malignant, but can have significant morbidity and mortality. We report a 35 year old female patient presented herewith classical presentation of acromegaly with chief complain of weight gain, excessive sweating , widening of both hands and feet and was diagnosed as a case of acromega...

  8. Melioidosis: A case report

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    Purabi Barman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkhloderia pseudomallei has recently gained importance as an emerging pathogen in India. It causes various clinical manifestations like pneumoniae, septicaemia, arthritis, abscess etc. Cases have been reported from Southeast Asia mainly Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, etc. In India, few cases have been reported mainly from the southern part of the country. Patient was a 65-year-old male and presented with fever 1 month back, cough and breathlessness for same period, swelling on both ankles from 7 days. B. pseudomallei was isolated from endotracheal secretions, blood cultures, leg wound. He was successfully treated with Imipenem and Doxycycline and put on maintenance therapy now, and is currently doing well.

  9. Melioidosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barman, Purabi; Sidhwa, Harish; Shirkhande, Pinak A

    2011-04-01

    Burkhloderia pseudomallei has recently gained importance as an emerging pathogen in India. It causes various clinical manifestations like pneumoniae, septicaemia, arthritis, abscess etc. Cases have been reported from Southeast Asia mainly Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, etc. In India, few cases have been reported mainly from the southern part of the country. Patient was a 65-year-old male and presented with fever 1 month back, cough and breathlessness for same period, swelling on both ankles from 7 days. B. pseudomallei was isolated from endotracheal secretions, blood cultures, leg wound. He was successfully treated with Imipenem and Doxycycline and put on maintenance therapy now, and is currently doing well.

  10. Case report 537: Chondroblastoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pignatti, G.; Nigrisoli, M.

    1989-05-01

    A case is reported of a 10-year-old girl who presented with pain in the left hip. Radiologically, a well-defined lytic lesion with a sclerotic border was present in the neck of the femur, with no epiphyseal involvement. The rarity of a metaphyseal site of origin of a chondroblastoma was stressed and the literature reviewed. (orig./GDG).

  11. [Renal leiomyoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joual, A; Guessous, H; Rabii, R; Benjelloun, M; Benlemlih, A; Skali, K; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    The authors report a case of renal leiomyoma observed in a 56-year-old man. This cyst presented in the from of loin pain. Computed tomography revealed a homogeneous renal tumor. Treatment consisted of radical nephrectomy. Histological examination of the specimen showed benign renal leiomyoma.

  12. Nasal tooth: case report

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    Park, Si Hyun; Kim, Ji Hye; Hwang, Hee Young; Yang, Dal Mo; Kim, Hyung Sik; Park, Chol Heui [Gachon Medical School, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-01

    Ectopic tooth is not uncommon and usually occurs in the palate and maxillary sinus. We report a case of ectopic tooth located in the nasal cavity, a rare site. The mass depicted by CT was highly attenuated, and central lucency was observed.

  13. Case report: Morgagni hernia.

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    Rogers, Frederick B; Rebuck, Jill A

    2006-03-01

    The case reported here is a 32-year-old man with a sudden onset of chest pain and an acute deterioration of lung function. An incarcerated Morgagni hernia was diagnosed with a computer tomographic CT scan, and repaired electively via a midline laparotomy. Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, which may not be symptomatic until adulthood when the patient presents with acute symptoms or incarceration.

  14. Gastric syphilis - Case report*

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    Guimarães, Tais Ferreira; Novis, Camila Freitas Lobo; Bottino, Caroline Bertolini; D'Acri, Antonio Macedo; Lima, Ricardo Barbosa; Martins, Carlos José

    2016-01-01

    Gastric syphilis is an uncommon extracutaneous manifestation of syphilis, occurring in less than 1% of patients, presenting nonspecific clinical manifestations. In general, it occurs on secondary stage. The critical point is the recognition of the syphilitic gastric involvement, without which there may be incorrect diagnosis of malignancy of the digestive tract. In this report, a case of secondary syphilis with gastric involvement that had complete remission with benzathine penicillin will be described. PMID:27828649

  15. LARYNGOCELE: A CASE REPORT

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    Umakanth Goud

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Laryngoceles are rare, cystic dilatation of saccule of ventricle of larynx. Three types are recognized – internal, external and mixed types. Many of the laryngoceles are asymptomatic; few require surgical excision via internal/endoscopic or external approach. Contrast CT is the investigation of choice. A 40year old male presented to our OPD with a neck Scar, later diagnosed as laryngocele. Here is the case report about presentation, di agnosis and management of a large mixed layngocele.

  16. Esthesioneuroblastoma A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Chadha, Snya; Pannu, Kulwant Kaur

    2011-01-01

    Esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB) also known as olfactory neuroblastoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm arising in the roof of nasal cavity. It is now understood to originate from the olfactory epithelium. Case reports published worldwide have been very few. Common presenting symptoms of Esthesioneuroblastoma include nasal obstruction, epistaxis, facial pain, diplopia, proptosis, and anosmia. Apart from being locally aggressive, it metastasizes widely by both hematogenous and lymphatic routes.

  17. Cystic fibrosis: case report

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    Park, Si Hyun; Lee, Hyun Ju; Kim, Ji Hye; Park, Chol Heui [Gachon Medical School, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-01

    Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. Among Caucasians, it is the most common cause of pulmonary insufficiency during the first three decades of life. The prevalence of cystic fibrosis varies according to ethnic origin: it is common among Caucasians but rare among Asians. We report a case in which cystic fibrosis with bronchiectasis and hyperaeration was revealed by high-resolution CT, and mutation of the cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator gene (CFTR) by DNA analysis.

  18. Oral lymphangioma: case report

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    Marcelo Gadelha Vasconcelos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lymphangioma is a change of lymphatic vessels that frequently affects the head and neck region. Its occurrence at oral cavity is rare and it is most commonly identified at the anterior two-thirds of the tongue. At this location, it is clinically characterized as transparent and generally grouped vesicles, which can be red or purple. The deep lesions appear as nodular masses of variable color and superficial texture. It can be classified according to the size of vessels into three types: capillary, cavernous, and cystic lymphangioma. Several types of treatment have been suggested; and the most commonly used treatments are: surgical excision, application of carbon dioxide laser, cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen, and sclerosing agents. Objective and case report: To describe a case of oral lymphangioma diagnosed in a 17-year-old female patient. The lesion was presented as multiple vesicles of soft consistency with thin epithelial lining and color ranging from translucent to yellow-reddish, involving the soft palate and the left retromolar region. Incisional biopsy confirmed the hypothesis of cavernous lymphangioma. Patient was followed-up for one year without signs of lesion relapse. Conclusion: Through this clinical case report and literature review, this study emphasizes the relevance of the clinical and histopathological features that should be considered to confirm the clinical hypothesis and indicate the proper therapeutic for oral lymphangiomas.

  19. SCLERODERMA: A CASE REPORT*

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    Gülay Altan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Scleroderma is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder which is characterized by fibrosis of visceral organs, skin and blood vessels. This condition can be localized or systemic. Its estimated prevalence is 250 cases in a million and it is more common in women than in men. Resorption of the mandibular angle and coronoid process can be observed in patients with scleroderma. Pressure of fibrous mucocutaneous tissues is thought to be the cause of the resorption. Decreased number of wrinkles due to sclerosis and distinct facial features because of the atrophy of ala nasi are among common clinical characteristics of this condition. The aim of this case report is to present a 40-year-old female patient with scleroderma who presented with signs of resorption at the angle of mandible, coronoid process, as well as widening of the periodontal space.

  20. ACROMEGALY: A CASE REPORT

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    10.5958/2319-5886.2015.00183.6

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Acromegaly is a rare disease caused due to hyper secretion of growth hormone. Most of the cases of acromegaly are caused by pitutary adenoma which can be microadenoma or macroadenomas. These adenomas are never malignant, but can have significant morbidity and mortality. We report a 35 year old female patient presented herewith classical presentation of acromegaly with chief complain of weight gain, excessive sweating , widening of both hands and feet and was diagnosed as a case of acromegaly due to macroadenoma of pirtutary gland, on the basis of typical clinical features and hormonal parameters also radiological findings. Patient underwent transsphenoidal surgical resection of macroadenoma and recovered completely from the disease. Early recognition and diagnosis will help to avoid the complications of disease.

  1. Eagle syndrome: case report.

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    Uludağ, İrem Fatma; Öcek, Levent; Zorlu, Yaşar; Uludağ, Burhanettin

    2013-01-01

    Eagle syndrome is an aggregate of symptoms caused by an elongated styloid process, most frequently resulting in headache, facial pain, dysphagia and sensation of foreign body in throat. The proper diagnosis is not difficult with clinical history, physical examination and radiographic assessment if there is a sufficient degree of suspicion. The treatment is very effective. We report here a typical case of Eagle syndrome which was misdiagnosed as trigeminal neuralgia for many years and was treated with carbamazepine. We aim to point the place of Eagle syndrome in the differential diagnosis of facial pain. We also re-emphasize the usefulness of the three-dimensional computed tomography in the diagnosis of Eagle syndrome. Even though Eagle syndrome is a rare condition, in cases of facial pain refractory to treatment or unexplained complaints of the head and neck region, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis as it has therapeutic consequences.

  2. Hypertrophic pachymeningitis: case report

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    Deus-Silva Leonardo de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypertrophic pachymeningits is an unusual cause of neurological symptoms and is often secondary to infections, carcinomatosis or inflammatory diseases. It may also be idiopathic. We report a case of pachymeningitis which was manifested primarily by psychosis and visual loss with optic atrophy and destruction of nasal septum. The patient, a 45 year old woman was submitted to extensive investigation without evidence of any underlying disease. A meningeal biopsy was performed and showed a mostly unspecific inflammatory process with extensive fibrosis of the dura and few early stage granulomas. These findings suggest either neurosarcoidosis or idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis.

  3. Neuromyelitis Optica. Case Report

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    Patricia Quintero Cusguen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Neuromyelitis Optica, also known as Devic’sSyndrome, is a disease which combines opticneuritis and transverse myelitis. Some years ago it was considered as a form of multiple sclerosis.Actually, it is consider as a different disease, onthe basis of the clinical, imaging, serology andimmunopatholoy profile.A case of 29 years old female patient is reported,based on her clinical findings which beganin the fifth postpartum month, with progressivelower limb paresis, associated with bilateralvision loss.This paper attempts giving a synoptic overviewof this uncommon immune mediateddemyelinating condition; it summarises themost important epidemiological parameters andpresents the diagnostic and therapeutic possibilitiesavailable today.

  4. Choroidal osteoma - case reports.

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    Khan, N; Rahman, N A; Uddin, M S

    2014-07-01

    Choroidal osteoma is a rare disease. In this article four case histories were described. All were female and young patient. One patient had bilateral and other three had unilateral involvement. They had no family history. One patient reported at eye department in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and the other three patients reported in Bangladesh Eye Hospital. Choroidal osteoma is a benign tumor. It is diagnosed by fundoscopy, ocular B-scan ultrasonography, x-ray orbit, FFA, OCT and CT-scan of orbit. Most patients do not require treatment. Hemorrhage on the lesion suggests the presence of sub-retinal neovascularization which are typically treated with laser or intra-vitreal anti-VEGF.

  5. Coinfection: A Case Report

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    Huldah I. Nwokeukwu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Tuberculosis is a major public health problem, and its control has been facing a lot of challenges with emergence of HIV. The occurrence of multidrug-resistant strain has also propounded the problem especially in children where diagnosis is difficult to make. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB is in vitro resistant to isoniazid (H and rifampicin (R. Paediatric multi-drug resistant tuberculosis with HIV coinfection is rare, and there is no documented report from Nigeria. Objective. To report a case of paediatric MDR-TB in Nigeria about it. Methods. The case note of the patient was retrieved, and relevant data were extracted and summarized. Results. A 9-year-old female HIV-positive pupil with a year history of recurrent cough, 3 months history of recurrent fever, and generalized weight loss was diagnosed and treated for tuberculosis but failed after retreatment. She was later diagnosed with MDR-TB and is presently on DOT-Plus regimen. Conclusion. Paediatric MDR-TB with HIV co-infection is rare. Early diagnosis and treatment is important to prevent spread of the disease. The use of Isoniazid preventive therapy is recommended for children who come in contact with patients with active tuberculosis and also for HIV patients without active tuberculosis.

  6. Boerhaave syndrome - case report

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    Biljana Radovanovic Dinic

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Boerhaave syndrome consists of spontaneous longitudinal transmural rupture of the esophagus, usually in its distal part. It generally develops during or after persistent vomiting as a consequence of a sudden increase in intraluminal pressure in the esophagus. It is extremely rare in clinical practice. In 50% of the cases, it is manifested by Mackler's triad: vomiting, lower thoracic pain and subcutaneous emphysema. Hematemesis is an uncommon yet challenging presentation of Boerhaave's syndrome. Compared with ruptures of other parts of the digestive tract, spontaneous rupture is characterized by a higher mortality rate. CASE REPORT: This paper presents a 64-year-old female patient whose vomit was black four days before examination and became bloody on the day of the examination. Her symptoms included epigastric pain and suffocation. Physical examination showed hypotension, tachycardia, dyspnea and a swollen and painful abdomen. Auscultation showed lateral crackling sounds on inspiration. Ultrasound examination showed a distended stomach filled with fluid. Over 1000 ml of fresh blood was extracted by means of nasogastric suction. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was discontinued immediately upon entering the proximal esophagus, where a large amount of fresh blood was observed. The patient was sent for emergency abdominal surgery, during which she died. An autopsy established a diagnosis of Boerhaave syndrome and ulceration in the duodenal bulb. CONCLUSION: Boerhaave syndrome should be considered in all cases with a combination of gastrointestinal symptoms (especially epigastric pain and vomiting and pulmonary signs and symptoms (especially suffocation.

  7. CADASIL: case report

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    Julio Cesar Vasconcelos da Silva

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL is a hereditary cerebral arteriopathy caused by mutations in the Notch-3 gene. The diagnosis is reached by skin biopsy revealing presence of granular osmiophílic material (GOM, and/or by genetic testing for Notch-3. We report a case of a 52-year-old man with recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIA, migraine, in addition to progressive sensory, motor and cognitive impairment. He was submitted to a neuropsychological assessment with the CERAD (Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease battery along with other tests, as well as neuroimaging and genetic analysis for Notch-3, confirming the diagnosis. Executive function, memory, language and important apraxic changes were found. Imaging studies suggested greater involvement in the frontal lobes and deep areas of the brain.

  8. Lamellar Ichtyosis: Case Report

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    Kamer Gündüz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Ichtyosiform dermatoses are a group of hereditary disorders characterized by excessive scaling on the skin. Lamellar ichtyosis is an autosomal recessive disorder. The clinical findings are seen at birth and become widespread and prominent in time; gray-brown scales are seen all over the body. Emollients and keratolytics containing salicylic acid or glycolic acid are used topically. Symptoms are improved significantly by acitretin usage. Case Report: Here we present a 5-year-old girl with lamellar ichtyosis. She was born in a collodion membrane. Besides the skin scales, ectropion and deformities of the nails and ears were observed. Significant clinical improvement was seen with acitretin (10 mg/day therapy. Conclusion: Lamellar ichtyosis is a severe form of ichtyosiform dermatoses and topical agents may be insufficient. Systemic acitretin treatment improves the symptoms significantly but long term side effects limit its usage. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2009; 7: 154-7

  9. Otocephaly: a case report

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    Anshu Sharma

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A case of otocephaly was reported in 26+/-4 week's female fetus during routine fetal autopsy at GMCH, Chandigarh, India. Mother was 25 years old, second gravid. The first child is one year old normal male baby. Present pregnancy resulted in spontaneous abortion. Antenatal history, past history, family history and medical history of mother was not suggestive of any ethiological factor responsible for the defect. The external examination showed 2 vessels in umbilical cord. There was anteroposterior lengthening of skull, mouth was in the form of a proboscis with a small opening in the centre, the right ear was absent. The left pinna was low placed and had small tags. On internal examination oral cavity was found small with hypoplastic mandible, tongue was absent (aglossia, thoracic cavity was small, left lung was absent, right lung had only single lobe, heart dilated with normal position of major vessels, In abdominal cavity gut was opening in a dilated cloaca like chamber. X-ray examination revealed small hypoplastic mandible and maxilla. Otocephaly is a rare lethal syndrome of microstomia, agnatia and ear anomalies. Other anomalies associated are holoprosenxcephaly, skeletal, genitourinary, cardiovascular system, endocrine gland hypoplasia etc. The differential diagnosis includes Treacher Collins syndrome, Goldenhar syndrome and Mobius syndrome. The etiology, incidence, causative factors of this case will be discussed in light of available literature. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(4.000: 1286-1289

  10. Regional odontodysplasia: case report

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    Ana Carolina Magalhães

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Regional odontodysplasia (RO is a rare developmental anomaly involving both mesodermal and ectodermal dental components in a group of contiguous teeth. It affects the primary and permanent dentitions in the maxilla and mandible or both jaws. Generally it is localized in only one arch. The etiology of this dental anomaly is uncertain. Clinically, affected teeth have an abnormal morphology, are soft on probing and typically discolored, yellow or yellowish-brown. Radiographically, the affected teeth show a "ghostlike" appearance. This paper reports the case of a 5-year-old girl presenting this rare anomaly on the left side of the maxillary arch, which crossed the midline. The primary maxillary left teeth (except for the canine and the primary maxillary right central incisor were missing due to previous extractions. The permanent teeth had a "ghostlike" appearance radiographically. The treatment performed was rehabilitation with temporary partial acrylic denture and periodic controls. In the future, the extraction of affected permanent teeth and rehabilitation with dental implants will be evaluated. The presentation of this case adds valuable information to pediatric dentists to review special clinical and radiographic features of RO, which will facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of patients with this condition.

  11. Scleroderma: a case report

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    Prachi Sankhe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Scleroderma is systemic multi organ autoimmune disorder characterized by hardening of skin. Also known as systemic sclerosis. Estimated annual incidences of approximately 19 cases per million persons. The limited skin disease has a 10-year survival rate of 71%, whereas those with diffuse skin disease have a 10-year survival rate of just 21%. Risk is higher in women than men and peak in individuals aged 30-50 years. It has no definitive treatment. It may be limited or diffuse depending upon manifestations of symptoms or signs affecting internal organs especially lungs, heart, or kidney. We report a case of scleroderma with pulmonary hypertension and interstitial lung disease in our hospital who presented with tightening of skin, joint pain, dysphagia, and breathlessness. On examination skin appeared dark, shiny, and tight, with loss of hair, paraesthesia and digital ulceration. Patient also has history of Raynauds phenomenon. On investigation, Scl-70 and ANA (antinuclear antibodies by enzyme immunoassay came positive. HRCT thorax was suggestive of interstitial fibrosis and PFT revealed moderate restriction. On 2D echocardiography, mild pulmonary hypertension was present while barium swallow showed motility disorder involving oesophagus. On view of extensive systemic involvement like skin, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system and heart, we would like to present this rare disorder. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 802-804

  12. Ureterocele. A Case Report

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    Andrés Gualpa Jácome

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Ureterocele is a dilation of the distal end of the ureter that occurs during fetal stage. Its incidence varies according to the series between 1/500 to 1/4000 patients, predominantly in girls. A case of a 50-year-old white female patient with a history of recurrent urinary tract infections is presented. She attended the family doctor’s office due to the exacerbation of her condition by some episodes of dysuria, urinary frequency and urgency for several months. Abdominal ultrasound was recommended. A complex structure in the middle part of the right kidney was disclosed by a multislice ultrasonography of the abdominal region performed in the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima University General Hospital in Cienfuegos. Ureteropyelocaliectasis with good corticomedullary differentiation was observed in the left kidney, as well as dilation of the ureter until its entry into the bladder as a cystic intravesical mass. It was decided to report this case given its rare occurrence.

  13. Pseudohypoaldosteronism: Case Report

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    Kazım Küçüktaşçı

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pseudohypoaldosteronism is a disease which occurs as a result of peripheral resistance to aldosterone and is characterised by salt wasting. Case Report: Hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, high renin and aldosterone levels were determined in the patient admitted with decrease in sucking and getting sleepy during breast-feeding. The case was diagnosed as systemic form of pseudohypoaldosteronism. His treatment was continued with oral salt. Conclusion: Pseudohypoaldosteronism has three types as primary, secondary and Gordon syndrome. Primary form is due to epithelial sodium channel and mineralocorticoid receptor gene mutation, whilst secondary form is frequently caused by urinary malformation and urinary tract infections. In Gordon syndrome, plasma aldosterone level is usuallly normal, and plasma renin activity is depressed, there is an adequate response to mineralocorticoids. Probability of secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism was investigated at the same time because of the urinary infection present in our subject. The patient was accepted as systemic form of primary pseudohypoaldosteronism because of positive sweat test result and prolonged salt necessity. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2009; 7: 151-3

  14. Celiac disease - case report

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    Bojković Gradimir

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Celiac disease (nontropical sprue, gluten-sensitive enteropathy, chronic intestinal malabsorption disorder is caused by gluten intolerance. This hereditary disorder is caused by sensitivity to gliadin. Because the body's own immune system causes the damage, celiac disease is considered to be an autoimmune disorder. However, it is also classified as a disease of malabsorption because nutrients are not absorbed. When people with celiac disease eat foods containing gluten, their immune system responds by damaging the small intestine. Specifically, tiny finger-like protrusions, called villi, on the lining of the small intestine are lost. The diagnosis is suspected on the basis of symptoms and signs, enhanced by laboratory and x-ray studies, and confirmed by biopsy revealing flat mucosa and subsequent clinical and histologic improvement on a gluten-free diet. Gluten must be excluded from diet. Supplementary vitamins, minerals and hematinics may be given depending on deficiency. Case report This is a case report of a 23-year old female patient with a mineralization defect (osteomalacia and secondary osteoporosis caused by long-time unrecognized celiac disease. The patient had many symptoms: short stature, steatorrhea, anemia, weight loss and chronic bone pain. Laboratory and x-ray studies and jejunal biopsy revealed a chronic intestinal malabsorption disorder caused by gluten intolerance. Gluten-free diet and supplementary vitamins, minerals and hematinics were included with apparent clinical remission. Discussion and Conclusion Some people with celiac disease may not have symptoms. The undamaged part of their small intestine is able to absorb enough nutrients to prevent symptoms. However, people without symptoms are still at risk for complications of celiac disease. Biopsy of the small intestine is the best way to diagnose celiac disease. Decreased bone density (osteoporosis and osteomalacia is a serious problem for celiacs. If calcium

  15. Patellar osteochondroma: case report,

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    Frederico Barra de Moraes

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to report on a rare case of patellar osteochondroma. A 60-year-old man presented a tumor on his left patella that had developed over a 10-year period, which is a rare occurrence, considering the patient's age and the site at which the tumor appeared. The clinical condition comprised mild pain and the presence of a mass, without limitation of flexion-extension or any neurovascular deficit. The tumor dimensions were 8 cm longitudinally × 6 cm transversally × 3 cm anteroposteriorly. It was hardened and was adhering to the patellar bone plane. On radiographs and tomographic scans, we observed areas of greater density corresponding to bone and other less dense areas that could correspond to slow-growing cartilage, with irregularities on the patellofemoral joint surface. Simple resection of the tumor was performed, and the anatomopathological examination confirmed that it was a patellar osteochondroma. Osteochondroma, or osteocartilaginous exostosis, includes a large proportion of the benign bone tumors. It results from cell alterations that trigger unregulated production of spongy bone. It is basically treated by means of surgical removal of the tumor mass. This is not essential, but is recommended in order to avoid lesions caused by contiguity and the risk of malignant transformation.

  16. NECROTIZING SIALOMETAPLASIA. CASE REPORT

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    A.I. Navazo Eguía

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NSM is a benign lesion affecting the salivary glands mainly in the hard palate. It presents as an ulcer with irregular borders, slightly elevated and necrotic The differential diagnosis should include malignant neoplasms. Case Report: A 26-year-old woman sought medical advice for a painful 2 cm ulceration of the hard palate. She is carrying pierced tongue. The patient had a history of cigarette smoking, chronic anxiety disorder and bulimia,. Analytical normal (including HIV and syphilis serology. Histopathology: accessory gland with squamous metaplasia, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia and conservation lobulararchitecture. She had an important improvement with total resolution of the lesion in 4 months Discussion: The NSM is a necrotizing inflammatory process. It presents as an ulcer located in the posterior hard palate or the junction between the hard and soft palate. This situation has been associated with local ischemia as surgical trauma, thromboangiitis obliterans, dentures, alcohol, snuff, cocaine, and certain malignancies such as lymphomas, rhabdomyosarcoma or Warthin tumor. Currently associated withbulimia, it being necessary suspected in young women. It is important to rule out neoplasms and infectious processes (tuberculosis or syphilis. Also consider subacute necrotizing sialadenitis, nonspecific acute inflammatory process of unknown cause, with focal necrosis without hyperplasia or ductal metaplasia pseudoepitheliomatous. Treatment is symptomatic and usually resolves in 2-3 months. Conclusion: The NSM is a benign lesion which may mimic neoplasia. The trend is toward resolution. It must be recognized to avoid unnecessary surgery.

  17. Esthesioneuroblastoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukla, R C; Singh, P K; Senthil, S; Pathak, R

    2010-06-01

    Esthesioneuroblastoma (olfactory neuroblastoma) is an uncommon neuroectodermal tumor. Its biological activity ranges from indolent growth to local recurrence and rapid widespread metastasis. Treatment options consist of surgical resection followed by radiation therapy for primary lesions and the addition of chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent, or metastatic lesions. Patients often present with nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, recurrent epistaxis, hyposmia, or anosmia. We report a case of esthesioneuroblastoma involving bilateral nasal cavity leading to bilateral nasal obstruction, epistaxis and proptosis of the right eye associated with decreased visual acquity on that eye and loss of smell. A diffuse nontender, 6x6 cms swelling with illdefined margins was seen over the nasal bridge, extending superiorly to glabella and laterally to right maxillary region. X-ray PNS showed soft tissue mass in the nasal cavity with destruction of nasal septum, intense periosteal reaction with destruction of right maxillary wall and extension to right orbit. CT scan of paranasal sinuses showed 8.5 x 4.9 x 7.8 cms irregularly marginated heterogeneous iso- to hyper dense soft tissue mass lesion with extensive adjacent bony destruction and spiculated periosteal reaction involving bilateral nasal cavity and anterior cranial fossa. Biopsy from right nasal mass showed neuroblastoma. The patient received radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The modified Kadish staging system, lymph node status, treatment modality, and age are useful predictors of survival in patients who present with esthesioneuroblastoma. Excellent outcomes for esthesioneuroblastoma are achievable. Long-term follow-up is necessary because of the extended interval for recurrent disease; unlike most sinonasal malignancies, surgical salvage is possible.

  18. Dioctophymiasis: A Rare Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauhan, Sapna; Kaval, Sunil; Tewari, Swati

    2016-02-01

    Dioctophyma renale commonly known as "giant kidney worm' is found in the kidney of carnivorous mammals. Human infestation is rare, but results in destruction of the kidneys. Very few cases have been reported worldwide. We are here reporting a case of Dioctophymiasis in a 35-year-old male patient who presented with retention of urine and subsequent passage of worm and blood in urine. The worm was confirmed as Dioctophyma renale based on its morphology and clinical presentation. This is a very rare case report and to best of our knowledge only two cases have been reported from India.

  19. Parathyroid carcinoma: case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    STURNIOLO, G.; GAGLIANO, E.; TONANTE, A.; TARANTO, F.; PAPALIA, E.; CASCIO, R.; DAMIANO, C.; VERMIGLIO, F.; STURNIOLO, G.

    2013-01-01

    Summary: The authors present a case of parathyroid carcinoma in a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism. Following a literature review, the clinical and diagnostic profile, treatment and prognosis of this rare disease are discussed. PMID:23837957

  20. Iatrogenic psoas abscess. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernstein, Inge Thomsen; Hansen, B J

    1991-01-01

    A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago.......A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago....

  1. Perioral gustatory sweating: case report.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kayser, S.C.; Ingels, K.J.A.O.; Hoogen, F.J.A. van den

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Presentation of a case of perioral Frey syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SUBJECT: A 72-year-old woman with hyperhidrosis around the mouth and chin. RESULTS: This patient suffered from bilateral perioral gustatory sweating following a mandibular osteotomy; such a case has not previously been

  2. Odontoameloblastoma: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negi, Amita; Puri, Abhiney; Nangia, Rajat; Sachdeva, Alisha

    2015-01-01

    Odontoameloblastoma (OA) is an extremely rare odontogenic tumor that contains an ameloblastomatous component together with odontoma-like elements. Till date, very few cases have fulfilled the criteria of the current World Health Organization classification of odontogenic tumors. It is characterized by slow, progressively growing lesion with growth pattern similar to solid multi-cystic ameloblastoma. The majority of the tumors are associated with unerupted teeth and commonly seen in males. It is usually asymptomatic and may occur in either maxilla or mandible, but shows a slight predilection for mandible. As this tumor is extremely rare, there exists controversy regarding its treatment. Here, we present a case of OA in 17-year-old female patient resembling a fibro-osseous lesion and a brief review of the related literature. PMID:26604505

  3. Odontoameloblastoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amita Negi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontoameloblastoma (OA is an extremely rare odontogenic tumor that contains an ameloblastomatous component together with odontoma-like elements. Till date, very few cases have fulfilled the criteria of the current World Health Organization classification of odontogenic tumors. It is characterized by slow, progressively growing lesion with growth pattern similar to solid multi-cystic ameloblastoma. The majority of the tumors are associated with unerupted teeth and commonly seen in males. It is usually asymptomatic and may occur in either maxilla or mandible, but shows a slight predilection for mandible. As this tumor is extremely rare, there exists controversy regarding its treatment. Here, we present a case of OA in 17-year-old female patient resembling a fibro-osseous lesion and a brief review of the related literature.

  4. Multiple pregnancy. Case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Práxedes Regla Rojas Quintana

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a 34-year-old white female patient, of rural origins, with a history of 3rd degree bronchial asthma and respiratory arrests for that cause, who has required several admissions in the ICU. Gestation history 1, no deliveries, 1 abortion and secondary infertility, for which she was treated, along with her spouse, in the infertility consultation, in which ovulation disorders were diagnosed, consisting of bilateral tubaric obstruction on her and severe oligospermia on her spouse, for which they underwent combined surgical treatment. Tubaric permeability with hydrotubation was first accomplished, then ovulation and spermatogenesis with clomiphene citrate and then low-technology fertilization was performed, resulting in a quadruple pregnancy, which satisfactorily arrived to full term at 34 weeks of gestation. Due to the mother’s medical history, the risks involved in this type of pregnancy and its happy outcome, we decided to publish the case.

  5. Odontoameloblastoma: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negi, Amita; Puri, Abhiney; Nangia, Rajat; Sachdeva, Alisha

    2015-01-01

    Odontoameloblastoma (OA) is an extremely rare odontogenic tumor that contains an ameloblastomatous component together with odontoma-like elements. Till date, very few cases have fulfilled the criteria of the current World Health Organization classification of odontogenic tumors. It is characterized by slow, progressively growing lesion with growth pattern similar to solid multi-cystic ameloblastoma. The majority of the tumors are associated with unerupted teeth and commonly seen in males. It is usually asymptomatic and may occur in either maxilla or mandible, but shows a slight predilection for mandible. As this tumor is extremely rare, there exists controversy regarding its treatment. Here, we present a case of OA in 17-year-old female patient resembling a fibro-osseous lesion and a brief review of the related literature.

  6. IPEX syndrome: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Radlović Nedeljko; Janić Dragana; Sajić Silvija; Janković Srđa; Ješić Maja; Leković Zoran; Petrović Rada

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION IPEX syndrome, namely, a hereditary (X-linked) immunodysregulation with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy and enteropathy, as the basic manifestations, presents a rare and exceptionally severe disease. It develops due to gene mutation responsible for the synthesis of a specific protein (FOXP3), which, by differentiation and activation of regular T-lymphocytic CD4+CD25+, has the key role in the induction and maintenance of the peripheral tolerance of one's own tissue. CASE OUTLINE We ...

  7. Malignant histiocytosis. Case report

    OpenAIRE

    RUIZ, OSCAR; Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, UNMSM; Servicio Hematologia Clínica, Hospital Dos de Mayo; QUIÑONES, WILLY; Servicio Hematologia Clínica, Hospital Dos de Mayo; MISAD, OSCAR; Laboratorio de Anatomia Patológica “Oscar Misad; Delgado, Carlos; Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú.; Ronceros, Sergio; Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. médico patólogo.; MARANGONI, MANUELA; Departamento de Enfermería, Hospital Dos de Mayo; BARDALES, LUZ; Servicio Hematologia Clínica, Hospital Dos de Mayo; REYES, RAFAEL; Servicio Hematologia Clínica, Hospital Dos de Mayo; CASTILLO, ALFREDO; Servicio Hematologia Clínica, Hospital Dos de Mayo; URRUTIA, KATIA; Servicio Hematologia Clínica, Hospital Dos de Mayo

    2013-01-01

    Fourteen year-old male patient referred from Huancayo who presented one month gastric intolerance, jaundice, fever and a lymph proliferative syndrome. Laboratory tests revealed severe pancytopenia due to phagocytosis. Haematologic and anatomy-pathology diagnosis was human malignant histiocytosis. We present this case due to its low frequency and the emergency character of the disease. Paciente varón de 14 años, procedente de Huancayo, que presenta un mes antes de su hospitalización intoler...

  8. Case report: pelvic actinomycosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxová, K; Menzlová, E; Kolařík, D; Dundr, P; Halaška, M

    2012-01-01

    A case of pelvic actinomycosis is presented. The patient is 42-year-old female with a 5 weeks history of pelvic pain. An intrauterine device (IUD) was taken out 3 weeks ago. There is a lump length 9 cm between rectus muscles. Ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histology are used to make the diagnosis. Actinomycosis can mimic the tumour disease. The definitive diagnosis requires positive anaerobic culture or histological identification of actinomyces granulas. A long lasting antibiotic therapy is performed.

  9. Neurocysticercosis. Case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Serrano Ocaña

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available A female patient (15 years, from Eastern Cape, South Africa, was admitted in the hospital on July 13th, 2007 with general tonic-clonic convulsions. There was not history of epilepsy or fever convulsions and the patient denied alcohol, cigar or drugs consumption. The physical examination showed postictal confusion, without neurological deficit, neck rigidity or peripheral edema. Computer axial tomography was definitive for neurocysticercosis disgnosis. Since it is a serious health problem for the area the patient lives in, we decided to publish the case.

  10. Urachal endometrioma: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Browne, Katherine M

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We discuss a rare presentation of an unusual case of endometrioma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old Caucasian woman presented with subacute abdominal pain and a suprapubic mass. A final diagnosis was made after the mass was resected and histopathology confirmed an endometrioma originating from an urachal remnant. Select imaging studies and histopathology are presented in this case report. CONCLUSION: While endometriomata are well known to arise from abdominal scars, the condition described in this case report is a rare example of an endometrioma arising from the urachus. A review of the pathological complications of the urachus is also included.

  11. Humeral lengthening: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gajdobranski Đorđe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Difference in length of upper extremities has mainly esthetic significance and is therefore not so often a subject of operative treatment, compared to lower extremities. Case Outline. We are presenting a case of a 16­year­old patient in whom a shortening of 9 cm of the right humerus was determined at the end of growth. This shortening was the result of surgical treatment of solitary bone cyst at the proximal end of the humerus done at the age of 10 years. In order to correct the length of the humerus we applied distraction osteogenesis with a compressive­distracting device according to Mitkovic (Traffix, and we achieved the lengthening of 7.5 cm. During the period of distraction we encountered the following complications: minimal suppuration at the site of the wedges that was successfully resolved with intensive local treatment, while pain and paresthesias along the N. radialis were resolved with a temporarily slowing of the distraction process. Fixation with a plate, i.e. bone grafting was not necessary, and final functional and esthetic result was excellent. Conclusion. Successful lengthening of the shortened humerus can be achieved with a unilateral compressive­distracting device according to Mitkovic as its application up to a complete bone reconstruction does not require additional plate fixation or bone grafting. The patient was capable of performing usual daily activities during application of the device.

  12. Mucormycosis: 2 Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Faruk Oktay

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Mucormycosis is a rare, saprophytic, invasive and fulminant fungal disease. It is infective to patients with underlying immunocompromised conditions. We presented two cases of mucormycosis, one of which occured in the nose and the other on the auricle. A two-year-old female patient with diabetic ketoacidosis revealed necrosis and surrounding hyperemia in the nasal vestibule, nasal septum and dorsum of nose. A 17-year-old female diabetic patient had been suffering from black-colored lesion on the auricle. Physical examination presented necrosis on the auricle. Facial paralysis occured in the patient with auricular mucormycosis. Systemic amphotericin B was empirically administered after the sample was obtained for microbiologic and histopathologic examination in both patients. Necrotic tissues was also debrided in the second patient. The first patient died on the second day of treatment, and the second patient on the seventh day. We discussed the bacteriologic characteristics, histological peculiarities, and alternative treatments.

  13. Hemihydranencephaly; a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Agrawal

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Background:Hemihydranencephaly is a rare disorder of the brain characterized by complete or almost complete unilateral absence of cerebral cortex with preservation of meninges, basal ganglia, pons, medulla, cerebellum, and falx. Case Presentation:Thirteen year-old male child presented with left sided upper and lower limb weakness with facial asymmetry since the age of six months. His magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans demonstrated a nearly complete absence of the right cerebral hemisphere including basal ganglion, which was replaced by cerebrospinal fluid with a small residual rim of the occipital cortex. The imaging features were suggestive of right-sided hemihydranencephaly. Conclusion:Patients with hemihydranencephaly provide an experiment of nature with potential implications for normal cognitive development and illustrate how much there is still to be learned about human development.

  14. Iniencephaly: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando R Alvis-Miranda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The iniencephaly involves a variable defect in the occipital bone, resulting in a large foramen magnum, partial or total absence of the cervical and thoracic vertebrae, accompanied by incomplete closure of arcs and/or vertebral bodies, significant shortening of the spinal column and hyperextension of the malformed cervicothoracic spine; the individual′s face is deviated upward, the mandibular skin is directly continuous with anterior thorax due to the absence of neck. Its incidence is about 1:1000-1:2000 births, so this is a pretty rare neural tube defect. We present a case of iniencephaly in association with cardiovascular, spinal cord, and intracranial malformations that ended demonstrating the low survival of patients affected with this condition.

  15. TETANUS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreelatha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Clostridium tetani is the causative agent of Tetanus. The aim was to detect the presence of Clostridium tetani in a case of suspected Tetanus in a 40 year old male who had history of handling a a thorn injury in the agricultural field 15 days ago. The patient presented with spasm of all the limb muscles and Lockjaw of 2 days duration together with history of convulsions for the last 3 days. Bits of tissue were collected from the necrotic depth of the wound abscess and were analyzed. Clostridium tetani was isolated. A diagnosis of Tetanus was made and the concerned authority was immediately notified. The patient was successfully treated with complete recovery. An early diagnosis of TETANUS is significant because it can help the clinician in early management and prevention of development of terminal respiratory failure and death

  16. Migraine Infarction. Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoany Mesa Barrera

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Migraine is considered like a risk factor for ischemic ictus in adult young people. In spite of the criteria established for the treatment of the migraine infarct, they are not always fulfilled strictly, permitting certain flexibility in the aforementioned treatment. The case of a patient with a background of migraine with auras, who suffers an ischemic cerebral migraine infarct at the course of a migraine crisis, is presented. The ictus was manifested like an especial right hemiparesis of the female sex in fertile age. The prognosis is good with low risk of recurrence, with unstable disorders and dysarthria. The laboratories studies were normal and the cerebral infarct was detected in the magnetic resonance, at the half left cerebral artery's territory. The patient had favorable evolution without sequel.

  17. Disulfiram neuropathy: two case reports

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background Neuropathy is a rare adverse side effect of disulfiram therapy and is under-recognized. There have been few case reports documenting this side effect. Case presentation Two cases of disulfiram peripheral neuropathy are discussed. The first case is that of a 25-year-old Caucasian woman who was exposed to disulfiram therapy for a total of 8 months and developed pain and stiffness that prevented her from walking. The second case is that of a 46-year-old Caucasian woman who developed s...

  18. IPEX syndrome: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radlović Nedeljko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION IPEX syndrome, namely, a hereditary (X-linked immunodysregulation with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy and enteropathy, as the basic manifestations, presents a rare and exceptionally severe disease. It develops due to gene mutation responsible for the synthesis of a specific protein (FOXP3, which, by differentiation and activation of regular T-lymphocytic CD4+CD25+, has the key role in the induction and maintenance of the peripheral tolerance of one's own tissue. CASE OUTLINE We present a male infant with classic clinical features of IPEX syndrome, which manifested by the end of the first month after birth, first with type 1 diabetes mellitus and chronic diarrhoea followed by dehydration and disordered development, and then with facial eczema and laboratory signs of thyroiditis without thyroid dysfunction (antithyreoglobulin antibodies 1:5500, antimicrosomal antibodies 1:40. In addition, plasma IgE level was high (517 IU/l, while antibodies to tissue transglutaminase were mildly increased (IgA 7.5 U/ml, and anti-smooth muscle and anti-DNA antibodies were absent. Based on the typical clinical features, as well as the laboratory findings, IPEX syndrome was diagnosed, which was further confirmed by proved IVS7+5G>A mutations in the FOXP3 gene. Therapy with insulin and Pronison, combined with parenteral and semielementary nutrition resulted in the patient's clinical improvement. At the age of 9 months, despite Pronison and hypoallergenic nutrition, the child had a relapse of severe and persistent diarrhoeal disorder followed by dehydration, weight loss and deterioration of general condition. Beside the complete parenteral nutrition, as well as other measures, azathioprine was introduced into the treatment, but without the desired effect. At the age of 12.5 months, due to bacteraemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation as complications, the patient ended lethally. CONCLUSION IPEX syndrome should be kept in mind in all the cases of

  19. Typhoid spine - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh P

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of Salmonella typhi isolated from L4-L5 spine is reported here. The causative organism was not suspected preoperatively. The patient responded favourably to surgical drainage and appropriate antibiotic therapy.

  20. Final report on case studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljungberg, Daniel; McKelvey, Maureen; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann

    2012-01-01

    Case study as a research design means investigating a single or multiple instance(s) or setting(s) (i.e. a case) and its entire context to explain a phenomenon and its processes. This is achieved through detailed understanding, usually comprised of multiple sources of information. In this way, case...... studies attempt to provide as a complete an understanding of a (complex) phenomenon as possible. Within the AEGIS project, survey and case study research are complementary. They are complementary in the sense that the former can provide more generalizable evidence on a phenomenon in terms of cross......-sectional data, while the latter can provide more in-depth (qualitative) understanding on specific issues. In systematically examining the case studies, however, this report goes beyond a typical single case study. Here we provide a synthesis of 86 case studies. Multiple case studies, following similar focus...

  1. Pseudoachondroplasia: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radlović Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH is an autosomal dominant osteochondrodysplasia due to mutations in the gene encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. It is characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism, limb and vertebral deformity, joint laxity and early onset osteoarthrosis. We present the girl with the early expressed and severe PSACH born to clinically and radiographically unaffected parents. Case Outline. A 6.5-year-old girl presented with short-limbed dwarfism (body height 79.5 cm,

  2. Arthrogryposis - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana CEVEI

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Arthrogryposis is a congenital disorder characterized by multiple joint contractures found throughout the body at birth. We present the case of a 3.5 year-old girl with multiple congenital defects: arthrogryposis involving bilateral hip, knee and ankle joints, together with sacral agenesis and with lumbar dysmorphism, anorectal agenesis, hydronephrosis of the left kidney as the result from reflux, right kidney hypoplasia, renal fusion and heart anomalies: tetralogy of Fallot. Immediately after birth, in several steps, colostomy, left ureterocystoneostomy and suprapubic cystostomy were performed. Later in infancy corrective surgery for the heart defect was required. At the age of 2 years, surgery for the equinovarus deformities and for left genu flexum was performed. Medical rehabilitation tries to maximize independent function. The main goals were increasing the muscle tonus of upper-limbs, increase the rate of motion of the joints, establishment of stability for ambulation, learning different schemes of movement according to her needs, obtaining of a functional independency. The therapies were successful, after 10 weeks an improvement of the moving capacity and of the transfer in orthostatism with minimal external assistance, with the obvious increasing of the patient's satisfaction, were noticed.

  3. Perilunar Luxation. Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaniel Truffín Rodríguez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Within the specter of injuries found in dorsal perilunar luxation or injuries of the bigger arch, the one belonging to bigger frequency reciprocates with the fracture luxation trasescafo dorsal perilunar. Much less frequent are the luxations that associate the big bone's fractures and those with displaced fractures of the pyramidal. Throughout the above, the case of a 19 year old patient is presented, that came to the emergency room of Gustavo Aldereguía Lima, Cienfuegos Hospital, after suffering a fall on his left hand with background of previous health. Great increase of volume in the left-handed wrist, acute pain in spite of immobilization and absolute functional impotence were verified. Manual reduction under general anesthesia of the perilunar luxation of the carpus was accomplished. By means of X-ray pictures of control, anteroposterior and lateral of the wrist, escafoides's fracture and its characteristics were verified. For the marked angulation and conminution of the fracture surgical open-cast treatment was decided, using the technique of Ruse, that was postpone to the tenth day from the initial lesion, when the wrist was less inflamed and the risks of complications were less. The patient was discharged of the consultation of orthopedics to the six months of operated showing functional acceptable results.

  4. Paroxysmal upgaze deviation: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Echeverría-Palacio CM; Benavidez-Fierro MA

    2012-01-01

    The paroxysmal upgaze deviation is a syndrome that described in infants for first time in 1988; there are just about 50 case reports worldwide ever since. Its etiology is unclear and though it prognosis is variable; most case reports indicate that during growth the episodes tend to decrease in frequency and duration until they disappear. It describes a 16-months old male child who since 11-months old presented many episodes of variable conjugate upward deviation of the eyes, compensatory neck...

  5. Secondary middle turbinate: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aburjeli, Bruna de Oliveira Melim; Avila, Ana Flavia Assis de; Diniz, Renata Lopes Furletti Caldeira; Motta, Emilia Guerra Pinto Coelho; Ribeiro, Marcelo Almeida; Moreira, Wanderval, E-mail: bruninha86@hotmail.com [Radiology and Imaging Diagnosis, Hospital Mater Dei, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    Secondary middle turbinate is an anatomical variant rarely observed in the nasal cavity, firstly described by Khanobthamchai et al. as a bone structure originating from the lateral nasal wall and covered by soft tissue. In most cases reported in the literature, this variant is bilateral, occurring without associated complications. In the present report, the authors describe the case of patient of their institution with such anatomical variation. (author)

  6. Proliferative periostitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zand, Vahid; Lotfi, Mehrdad; Vosoughhosseini, Sepideh

    2008-04-01

    Proliferative periostitis of Garré represents a periosteal reaction to the presence of infection or other irritants. This can be odontogenic or nonodontogenic. This is a case report of an odontogenic periostitis resulting from endodontic origin. It was successfully treated by nonsurgical root canal therapy without using antibiotic therapy during the treatment of this case.

  7. Intracortical chondrosarcoma: a case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khodamorad Jamshidi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Chondrosarcoma is the second most common primary mesenchymal malignant tumor of the bone. The most common form is central chondrosarcoma and the rarest is intracortical chondrosarcoma. Here, we describe the clinical, pathological, and imaging features of a case of intracortical chondrosarcoma as well as the outcome of surgical treatment. This is the third case reported in the literature.

  8. Dermatomyositis panniculitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Melissa; Mellick, Nick; Wagner, Godfrey

    2015-08-01

    Dermatomyositis-related panniculitis is a rare cutaneous manifestation of dermatomyositis. There are few reported cases in the medical literature. We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with a 2-year history of dermatomyositis and recent biopsy-confirmed panniculitis treated with prednisone, cyclophosphamide and i.v. immunoglobulin.

  9. [Synovial sarcoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deme, Dániel; Abdulfatah, Bishr; Telekes, András

    2016-02-07

    In 2013 there were 94,770 new cancer patients reported in Hungary. Synovial sarcoma accounts for 0.05-0.1% of all cancers and, therefore its incidence is predicted to be 47-94 patients/year in Hungary. The authors report the history of a 18-year-old man who was operated on a right upper abdominal wall tumor with R1 resection. During the next 5 months the tumor grew up to 8 cm in largest diameter. Histology revealed monophasic synovial sarcoma. Immunohistochemistry showed bcl2, focal CD99 and high molecular weight cytokeratin positivity, while smooth muscle actin, S100 and CD34 immunostainings were negative. Becose of this reoperation was not possible, curative six cycles of doxorubicine and ifosfamide with granulocyte colony stimulating factor support and 60 Gy radiotherapy was given to the tumor bed. After these treatments computed tomography scan was negative and the patient attended regular imaging every 3 months. At the age of 20 years the patient developed two neoplastic lesions in the surgical scar measuring 10 mm and 45 × 10 mm in size. R0 resection, partial rib resection and abdominal wall reconstruction were performed. Histology confirmed residual monophasic synovial sarcoma. Radiotherapy was not given because of a risk of intestinal wall perforation. Staging positron emission tomography-computed tomography proved to be negative. At the age of 22 years magnetic resonance imaging scans indicated no tumor recurrence, but after one month a rapidly growing tumorous lesion was found on ultrasound in the surgical scar measuring 20 × 20 × 12 mm in size. Cytology confirmed local recurrence and fluorescence in situ hibridization indicated t(x;18). R0 exstirpation and partial mesh resection were performed and histology showed the same monophasic synovial sarcoma. Because of the presence of vascular invasion and a close resection margin (1 mm) the patient underwent 3 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (doxorubicine and ifosfamide) with granulocyte colony stimulating

  10. Paragonimiasis: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Kyung Hyeo; Park, Mi Jung; Bae, Kyung Soo; Choi, Hae Young; Choi, Ho Cheol; Na, Jae Boem; Choi, Dae Seob; Kim, Ho Cheol; Jang, In Seok; Kim, Dong Chul [Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-11-15

    Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is a parasitic infection caused by lung flukes including Paragonimus westermani. Paragonimiasis usually occurs from ingestion of raw or improperly cooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. Pleural or lung parenchymal lesions are commonly found on CT or chest radiographs, and radiologic manifestations of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis vary with the stage of the disease. Early findings include pneumothorax or hydrothorax, focal air-space consolidation, and linear opacities. Later findings include thin-walled cysts, mass-like consolidation, nodules, or bronchiectasis. Pulmonary paragonimiasis often can be mistaken for pulmonary tuberculosis in tuberculosis-endemic areas or lung cancer when it presents as a solitary pulmonary nodule. Intraperitoneal or ectopic lesions such as those in the retroperitoneum can form during migration of a juvenile worm from the small intestine to the lungs. Although the symptoms and signs of pulmonary paragonimiasis are nonspecific, an early diagnosis can be made if radiologists understand the pathogenesis and typical imaging findings of the disease. The purpose of this report was to demonstrate the various imaging findings of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis and to review articles to help radiologists make a proper diagnosis.

  11. [Splenic hamartoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto-Medina, Carlos Alberto; Mier-Escurra, Erik Antonio; Treviño-Garza, Francisco; Ripa-Galván, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes: los hamartomas son tumores benignos mixtos muy raros, de crecimiento lento, que generalmente no provocan síntomas, por lo que es más frecuente encontrarlos como un incidentaloma en autopsias o laparotomías. La incidencia de los hamartomas del bazo es sólo de 0.001% entre la población general. Caso clínico: hombre de 39 años de edad, sin antecedentes relevantes, inició dos meses previos con pirosis y dolor ocasional en el hemiabdomen superior. En un ultrasonido de abdomen se observó una tumoración pseudoquística dependiente del bazo. La resonancia magnética reveló cuatro lesiones en el bazo, una de ellas de gran tamaño en el polo inferior, bilobulada, de 12 × 10 × 9 cm. Se realizó una esplenectomía. El paciente no sufrió complicaciones y fue dado de alta al tercer día. El reporte de patología indicó un hamartoma esplénico. Conclusiones: los hamartomas del bazo y otras localizaciones son lesiones benignas que se encuentran como incidelantomas. El diagnóstico se confirma por medio de estudio histopatólogico y su tratamiento es la esplenectomía, siendo la técnica preferida la transabdominal completa por vía laparoscópica. A pesar de que su baja incidencia en México, es de vital importancia que el médico lo considere como diagnóstico diferencial al evaluar una tumoración.

  12. Renal myxoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique C Souza

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Myxomas are rare tumors that can appear in many anatomical locations. There are only 14 cases of renal involvement documented in the literature. This article reports a case of renal myxoma in an elderly woman with recurrent cystitis. After five years of follow-up, the computed tomography (CT revealed a large solid tumor mass in the left kidney. Tumor resection was performed preserving the affected kidney with histopathological diagnosis of renal myxoma. The objective of this study is to report a rare case of renal myxoma, emphasizing the importance of the differential diagnosis from other benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors.

  13. [Pheochromocytoma. Report of 10 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabii, R; Joual, A; Rais, H; Bennani, S; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    We report 10 cases of adrenal pheochromocytoma seen over a period 15-years. A female predominance was noted (8 women/2 men). Patients were aged between 16-46 years with a mean of 34 years. Clinical manifestations consisted of hypertension observed in all cases, with vasomotor symptoms (90%). Time to consultation was prolonged (mean: 23 months). CT scan performed in 7 cases showed pheochromocytoma in all cases, located on the right side in 6 cases, while one pheochromocytoma was located in Zukerkandal organ. All patients were operated via anterior approach and adrenalectomy was performed. A favourable course was observed in 90% of cases with normalisation blood pressure. One death was noted. Histological examination showed no malignancy in all cases.

  14. Pulmonary artery sling: Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Gil Hyun; Lee, Sun Wha; Cha, Sung Ho [Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-09-15

    Aberrant left-sided pulmonary artery(pulmonary artery sling) is an uncommon anomaly,which may cause significant respiratory abnormality. We report a case of pulmonary artery sling which is combined with persistent left superior vena cava and dextrocardia. This case were identified by esophagogram and CT and confirmed by MRI and angiography. We consider that MRI is a valuable new method for the diagnosis of aberrant left-sided pulmonary artery.

  15. [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morlino, A; Rossi, M T; Fabrizio, T; Scutari, F

    2010-03-01

    Malignant fibroous histiocytoma (MFH) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma, that most frequently occurs in the muscles of the extremities and in abdominal or in retroperitoneal space of young adults. It is seldom confined to the skin and subcutaneous tissue. It is rarely diagnosed before excision and pathological exam, and has an unfavorable prognostic in some cases. This work reports the case of a 94 years old patient with originally cutaneous MFH stressing the importance of the early diagnosis.

  16. Neonatal acute apendicitis, case report

    OpenAIRE

    Romero Rojas, Nery; Instituto de Patología, UNMSM; Sánchez García, Luis; Hospital Nacional Docente de Cajamarca

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Acute appendicitis is a rare disease in newborns with a high mortality because of unspecific clinical features. We report a case of non-perforated acute appendicitis in a newborn at the San Bartolome Hospital in Lima. Case report. A female newborn weighing 3 170 g in the first day repelled maternal lactation; at the third day, she presented 39°C fever, and later, abdominal distention, constipation, and abundant vomiting. The X-ray films showed a distended gastric camera and para...

  17. Infantile Scurvy: Two Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Ghedira Besbes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C is necessary for the formation of collagen, reducing free radicals, and aiding in iron absorption. SCURVY, a disease of dietary ascorbic acid deficiency, is uncommon today. It still exists in high risk groups including economically disadvantaged populations with poor nutrition. The incidence of SCURVY in the pediatric population is very low. Cases Report. Here we report two cases of SCURVY revealed by subperiosteal hematoma in children with cerebral palsy and developmental delay. Conclusion. SCURVY is extremely rare in children. Musculoskeletal manifestations are prominent in pediatric SCURVY. Multiple subperiosteal hematomas are an important indicator for diagnosis.

  18. Nonspecific Hyperamylasemia: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Wiederkehr

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context The elevation of serum amylase and lipase are generally associated with pancreatic diseases. However they can be associated with different pathologies unrelated with amylase and lipase. Case report This paper aims to report a case of a patient diagnosed with nonspecific hyperamylasemia and warn of this possibility in the differentiation of hyperamylasemia. Conclusion The correct diagnosis of silent hyperamylasemia is important in order to determine whether there is the risk of pancreatic disease or if we are just ahead of a benign hyperenzymemia.

  19. Ainhum - A Rare Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, Ravi; Vinoth, Sundaresan; Praveen, Chinnappan Balasubramanian

    2016-01-01

    The term ‘AINHUM’ is derived from the African word meaning ‘to saw or cut’. True ainhum otherwise called dactylolysis spontanea is a condition involving soft tissue or digits with constricting rings commonly presenting in fifth toes, usually bilateral. It is to be differentiated from Pseudo-ainhum that occurs secondary to some hereditary and nonhereditary diseases that lead to annular constriction of digits. We report a rare case of true ainhum involving the left fourth toe only. It is a very rare case and a very few were reported worldwide. The highest incidence of ainhum has been reported in South Africa and South America. It is rarely reported in India. Ainhum when diagnosed and treated in early stages can be prevented from progressing to mutilating deformities. PMID:27190888

  20. Marjolin ulcer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Di Martino Ortiz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Marjolin’s ulcer is part of a group of neoplasms arising in chronic skin lesions, whether inflammatory or traumatic. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequently reported in the literature, it appears most frequently in burn scars, although also described in other types of lesions. We report a case of Marjolin ulcer in a male, native, 65 years old, from the Paraguayan Chaco, with antecedents of scar post trauma in youth.

  1. Intraspinal endometriosis: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙正义; 汪玉良; 赵琳; 马璐琪

    2002-01-01

    @@ Endometriosis (EM) is defined by the presence of tissue histologically and functionally similar to the endometrium outside the uterus. EM has been mostly reported in the pelvis. Intraspinal endometriosis (IEM) is so rare that only four cases have been reported in the literature, to our knowledge.1-4 Two years ago, a patient was admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Lanzhou Medical College and was treated successfully (with 2 years of follow-up).

  2. Neonatal brucellosis: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alnemri, Abdul Rahman M; Hadid, Adnan; Hussain, Shaik Asfaq; Somily, Ali M; Sobaih, Badr H; Alrabiaah, Abdulkarim; Alanazi, Awad; Shakoor, Zahid; AlSubaie, Sarah; Meriki, Naema; Kambal, Abdelmageed M

    2017-02-28

    Although brucellosis is not uncommon in Saudi Arabia, neonatal brucellosis has been infrequently reported. In this case of neonatal brucellosis, Brucella abortus was isolated by blood culture from both the mother and the neonate. Serology was positive only in the mother.

  3. Necrotizing faciitis: report of case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mruthyunjaya, B

    1981-01-01

    A case of necrotizing fasciitis following infection of a mandibular third molar is reported. Necrotizing fasciitis is a relatively rare but fulminating clinical entity characterized by necrosis of fascia with widespread undermining of the superficial tissue and extreme systemic toxicity. Prompt recognition and proper management can reduce the morbidity and mortality in this severe soft tissue infection.

  4. Gestational diabetes insipidus. Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejmocka-Ambroziak, Anna; Grzechocińska, Barbara; Jastrzebska, Helena; Kochman, Magdalena; Cyganek, Anna; Wielgoś, Mirosław; Zgliczyński, Wojciech

    2015-01-01

    Gestational diabetes insipidus is a very rare complication. However, undiagnosed and untreated may lead to serious complications in both mother and fetus. In this study, a case of 34-year-old female patient with diabetes insipidus associated with pregnancy was reported. We discussed process of diagnosis and treatment with particular emphasis on the monitoring of water-electrolyte imbalance during labor.

  5. Beer potomania: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattarai, Nimesh; Kafle, Poonam; Panda, Mukta

    2010-01-01

    A syndrome of hyponatraemia associated with excessive beer drinking was first recognised in 1971. This syndrome has been referred to as beer potomania. Dilutional hyponatraemia occurs due to excessive consumption of an exclusive beer diet which is poor in salt and protein. We report a case of beer potomania who improved dramatically with introduction of solute load, with no subsequent neurological sequelae. PMID:22736559

  6. Emphysematous Cystitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suleyman Tagci

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Emphysematous cystitis is an infectious disease, which is characterized by accumulation of air within the lumen and wall of the bladder. Diabetes mellitus, neurogenic bladder and advanced age are important risk factors for the development of the disease. In this case report, we present a young diabetic male patient with neurogenic bladder, who was treated with the diagnosis of emphysematous cystitis.

  7. Cardiac leiomyosarcoma, a case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rikke; Kristensen, Bjarne W; Gill, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    In this case report we present the history of a patient admitted with recurrent pulmonary edema. Transesophageal chocardiography showed a tumour in the left atrium, occluding the ostium of the mitral valve and mimicking intermittent mitral stenosis. Cardiac surgery followed by pathological...

  8. [Emphysematous pyelonephritis: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabii, R; Fekak, H; Mezzour, H; Joual, A; Moufid, K; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S; Cherkab, R; Bensaid, A; el Kettani, C; Barrou, L

    2003-04-01

    Diabetic patients with urinary tract infections had a certain risk of developping emphysematous pyelonephritis with gas producting bacteria. This disease was accompagned with high mortalité. We will report one case who was treated successfully by high dose antibiotic regim and emergency nephrectomy.

  9. LICHEN STRIATUS – CASE REPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caius Solovan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Lichen striatus is an acquired linear inflammatory dermatosis, not frequently reported, with a peculiar clinical aspect, most often described in adults, with a poor response to treatment. We described 4 cases of lichen striatus diagnosed over an 8-month period of time.

  10. Hemifacial Microsomia - A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushma Rao

    2005-01-01

    Clinically one sees facial asymmetry, macrostomia, micrognathia, and microtia to anotia of the external ear, preauricular skin tags, and Epibulbar tumors in the eyes. One such case of Hemifacial Microsomia seen in a boyaged 9 years, who complained of facial asymmetry on the right side of the face since birth and an extra auricle on the same side, is reported here.

  11. Gorlin syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Darjani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which characterize by multi-organ abnormities such as odontogenic keratocysts in the jaw, skeletal abnormities and multiple basal cell carcinoma etc. We report a case of this syndrome in a young man with palmar pits, multiple facial BCC, clacifications of the falx cerebri and bifid rib.

  12. Beer potomania: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bhattarai, Nimesh; Kafle, Poonam; Panda, Mukta

    2010-01-01

    A syndrome of hyponatraemia associated with excessive beer drinking was first recognised in 1971. This syndrome has been referred to as beer potomania. Dilutional hyponatraemia occurs due to excessive consumption of an exclusive beer diet which is poor in salt and protein. We report a case of beer potomania who improved dramatically with introduction of solute load, with no subsequent neurological sequelae.

  13. Beer potomania: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattarai, Nimesh; Kafle, Poonam; Panda, Mukta

    2010-04-29

    A syndrome of hyponatraemia associated with excessive beer drinking was first recognised in 1971. This syndrome has been referred to as beer potomania. Dilutional hyponatraemia occurs due to excessive consumption of an exclusive beer diet which is poor in salt and protein. We report a case of beer potomania who improved dramatically with introduction of solute load, with no subsequent neurological sequelae.

  14. Lithium nephropathy: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Raphael Reis Pereira-Silva; Debora Esperancini-Tebar

    2014-01-01

    Although widely used in the management of bipolar disorder, lithium may cause adverse kidney effects. The importance of the present study is to report the case of a 59-year-old woman who was under regular treatment with lithium for bipolar disorder and whose imaging studies demonstrated the presence of multiple renal microcysts, suggesting lithium nephropathy as main diagnostic hypothesis.

  15. Lithium nephropathy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Reis Pereira-Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Although widely used in the management of bipolar disorder, lithium may cause adverse kidney effects. The importance of the present study is to report the case of a 59-year-old woman who was under regular treatment with lithium for bipolar disorder and whose imaging studies demonstrated the presence of multiple renal microcysts, suggesting lithium nephropathy as main diagnostic hypothesis.

  16. Menstruation angina: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choo Wai Kah

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Menstruation is commonly associated with migraine and irritable bowel but is rarely correlated with angina or myocardial ischaemia. Only a small number of cases have been reported suggesting a link between menstruation and myocardial ischaemic events. Case presentation A case of menstruation angina is reported in order to raise awareness of this association. A 47-year-old South Asian woman presented with recurrent chest pains in a monthly fashion coinciding with her menstruations. Each presentation was associated with troponin elevation. Angioplasty failed to resolve her symptoms but she eventually responded to hormonal therapy. Conclusions The possibility of menstruation angina should always be taken into account in any female patients from puberty to menopause presenting with recurrent chest pains. This can allow an earlier introduction of hormonal therapy to arrest further myocardial damage.

  17. CASE REPORT: Chorangiophagus Parasiticus: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjit Kangle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Malformations are common in twin pregency compared to singleton pregnancy. One such rare anomaly is Chorangiophagus parasiticus also known as twin to twin transfusion which is an asymmetric abnormality of monozygotic twins, where asymmetric twin survive by parasitisizing normal twin. It’s a rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 35.000 deliveries. We report such a case with complete autopsy findings.

  18. [Ectopic breast fibroadenoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senatore, G; Zanotti, S; Cambrini, P; Montroni, I; Pellegrini, A; Montanari, E; Santini, D; Taffurelli, M

    2010-03-01

    Among the rare anomalies of the breast development, polythelia is the most common, between 1% and 5% of women and men present supernumerary nipples. Polymastia, usually presenting as ectopic breast tissue without areola-nipple complex, is seen mostly along the milk line, extending from the axilla to the pubic region. Ectopic breast tissue is functionally analogous to mammary gland and it is subjected to the same alterations and diseases, whether benign or malignant, that affect normal breast tissue. We report the case of a 21 years-old female evaluated by the medical staff after founding a solid nodular mass by suspect axillary lymphadenopathy. Differential diagnosis with lymphoma is the major problem in these cases. The mass was removed and the intraoperative histological examination showed fibroadenoma in axillary supernumerary breast. Presence of ectopic breast tissue is a rare condition; development of benign mass or malignant degeneration is possible, but it is very unusual. In case of polymastia diagnosis is simple; in case of isolated nodule, without local inflammation or infection, there are greater difficulties. Ultrasonography is diagnostic in case of breast fibroadenoma, but it might be inadequate in ectopic localizations owing to the shortage of mammary tissue around the mass. Preoperative diagnosis is important to plan an adequate surgical treatment; lumpectomy is indicated in case of benign tissue; in case of malignancy, therapy is based on the standard treatment used for breast cancer (surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy).

  19. Case report on anorexia nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeti Srinivasa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive restriction on food intake and irrational fear of gaining weight, often accompanied by a distorted body self-perception. It is clinically diagnosed more frequently in females, with type and severity varying with each case. The current report is a case of a 25-year-old female, married for 5 years, educated up to 10 th standard, a homemaker, hailing from an upper social class Hindu (Marvadi family, living with husband′s family in Urban Bangalore; presented to our tertiary care centre with complaints of gradual loss of weight, recurrent episodes of vomiting, from a period of two years, menstrual irregularities from 1 year and amenorrhea since 6 months, with a probable precipitating factor being husband′s critical comment on her weight. Diagnosis of atypical anorexia nervosa was made, with the body mass index (BMI being 15.6. A multidisciplinary therapeutic approach was employed to facilitate remission. Through this case report the authors call for the attention of general practitioners and other medical practitioners to be aware of the symptomatology of eating disorders as most patients would overtly express somatic conditions similar to the reported case so as to facilitate early psychiatric intervention.

  20. Erupted odontoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raval, Nilesh; Mehta, Dhaval; Vachhrajani, Kanan; Nimavat, Abhishek

    2014-07-01

    Odontomas are nonaggressive, hamartomatous developmental malformations or lesions of odontogenic origin, which consist of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulpal tissue 'Erupted odontoma' is a term used to specifically denote odontomas, which are exposed into the oral cavity. These are rare entities with only 25-30 cases being reported so far in the dental literature. Here, we present a rare case of an erupted odontoma in an adolescent patient who came with a complaint of bad aesthetics due to the presence of multiple small teeth like structures in the upper front teeth region.

  1. MIRROR MOVEMENT: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AA. Momen

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Mirror movement is an interesting but often overlooked neurological soft sign;these movements are described as simultaneous contralateral, involuntary, identical movements that accompany voluntary movements. This neurologic problem is very rarely seen in children; in familial cases there is a positive history of these movements in parents, diminishing with time. Here, we have presented the case of an 11-year old girl with mirror movements in her upper limbs which interfered with her hand writing. Her neurological examination revealed normal results. In this report, we have tried to explain some of the pathophysiologic mechanisms related to these abnormal movements.Keywords:Mirror Movements, Children, Soft neurologic sign

  2. Odontoameloblastoma: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosca Rodrigo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontoameloblastoma (OA is a very rare mixed odontogenic neoplasm, characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of an ameloblastoma and a compound or complex odontoma in the same tumor mass. To date, less than 50 cases of OA and/or ameloblastic odontoma have been reported in the English dental literature. This neoplasm was called ameloblastic odontoma. The term OA was included in the 1971 WHO classification. In this study, we present two cases of OA, which we hope will contribute to the awareness and knowledge of surgeons regarding the existence of this odontogenic tumor so that patients having it may be treated and followed-up properly.

  3. Primary ciliary dyskinesiatwo cases reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Sadegh Rezaee1

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 22 December, 2009 ; Accepted 10 March, 2010AbstractPrimary ciliary dyskinesia and Kartagener's syndrome are rare genetic disorders. There is a ciliary dysfunction in these disorders that cause recurrent infections in respiratory and sinus tracts associated with dextrocardia, chronic vasomotor rhinitis and dextrocardia. The aim of this paper is to report two rare cases of Primary ciliary dyskinesia, including one case of primary ciliary dyskinesia and Kartagener's syndrome for additional knowledge. J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(73: 85-89 (Persian.

  4. Diogenes Syndrome: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Projna Biswas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cessation of normal skin cleansing seen in geriatric or self-neglected patients can cause accumulation of keratinous crusts on the skin. In the extreme end of this spectrum is a condition known as Diogenes syndrome (DS. These patients may have psychiatric disorders like paranoid disorders, mood affection, or temporofrontal dementia. Subjects are mainly the elderly but few cases in younger age group of patients have also been reported. Lesions of DS are usually found over upper central chest, back, and groin. In the young, lesions are mainly found over scalp, face, or arms. Absence of normal skin cleaning causes keratin and dirty debris to accumulate and with time form a thick shell. These debris can be secondarily infected by bacteria, fungus, and so forth. These skin lesions are not usually seen in individual with proper hygiene. We report a case of Diogenes syndrome in a 34-year-old young male patient who had associated schizophrenia.

  5. Battered Baby: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mondal

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction We report on a three-year-old child, a case of battered baby syndrome. Case Presentation A three-year-old female child was brought with multiple bruises, fracture of left femur and features of raised intracranial tension. The etiology was unclear at presentation. Inconsistencies in history given by the mother, a background of poverty and single parenthood, presence of multiple bruises over the body, multiple infarcts in Computerized Tomography (CT scan, absence of external calvarial injuries and finally subdural hematoma in the autopsy report led to the diagnosis of child abuse. Conclusions Every clinician must be alert to the possibility of battered baby in a child with multiple injuries.

  6. Nonfunctional parathyroid cyst: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Molinari Nardi

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Parathyroid cysts are rare clinical and pathological entities, with less than 300 cases reported. The inferior parathyroid glands are most commonly involved, with left-side predominance. Parathyroid cysts may be functional or nonfunctional, depending on their association with hypercalcemia. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old man presented a palpable asymptomatic left-side neck mass. Ultrasound revealed a cystic structure contiguous with the left thyroid lobe. Serum ionic calcium was normal. The patient underwent left thyroid lobectomy plus isthmectomy with excision of the cyst. The histological findings revealed a parathyroid cyst. Parathyroid cysts typically present as asymptomatic neck masses, and surgical excision appears to be the treatment of choice.

  7. Clostridial myonecrosis. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ledys Pérez Morales

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Clostridium perfringens is an anaerobic Gram-positive bacillus with spore-forming ability. It is one of the most widely distributed bacterial pathogens in the environment. A case report of a female patient who had an accident with an agricultural implement, suffering proximal third tibial fracture with loss of the continuity of the bone in the right leg is presented. She underwent surgery and antibiotic therapy. Two days after being discharged, the patient came back complaining of acute pain and foul-smelling discharge in the surgical wound site. She was hospitalized with diagnostic impression of surgical wound sepsis caused by gas-producing germ. Gas gangrene was diagnosed, resulting in member amputation. Clostridium perfringens was isolated from the wound. Because of the importance of taking into account this possibility of infection in wounds caused by instruments potentially contaminated with environmental germs, it was decided to report this case.

  8. Carpenter syndrome: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begum, S; Khatun, N; Rayhan, S M; Rahman, S A

    2012-07-01

    Carpenter syndrome is a rare hereditary disorder known as Acrocephalopolysyndyctyly (ACPS) type II characterized by acrocephaly, facial dysmorphism, brachedyctyly, syndyctyly, preaxial polydyctyly, obesity, congenital heart disease, cryptorchidism, hypogenitalism, bony abnormalities and umbilical hernia. Carpenter syndrome is autosomal recessive disorder and prenatal diagnosis of this syndrome is possible by ultrasonogram during pregnancy. We reported a case of carpenter syndrome of 2.5 months old female infant of consanguineous parents who was admitted in the paediatric ward of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) on 30th March 2010. She was diagnosed as a case of Carpenter syndrome having acrocephaly prominent ridge of sagital suture, polydactyly, syndyctyly on history, clinical examination findings and investigation reports.

  9. Paroxysmal upgaze deviation: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Echeverría-Palacio CM

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The paroxysmal upgaze deviation is a syndrome that described in infants for first time in 1988; there are just about 50 case reports worldwide ever since. Its etiology is unclear and though it prognosis is variable; most case reports indicate that during growth the episodes tend to decrease in frequency and duration until they disappear. It describes a 16-months old male child who since 11-months old presented many episodes of variable conjugate upward deviation of the eyes, compensatory neck flexion and down-beat saccades in attempted downgaze. These events are predominantly diurnal, and are exacerbated by stressful situations such as fasting or insomnia, however and improve with sleep. They have normal neurologic and ophthalmologic examination, and neuroimaging and EEG findings are not relevant.

  10. Posterior scleral tuberculoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Augusto Velasco e Cruz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Posterior scleral tuberculoma formation is an extremely rare condition. The few reports on scleral involvement in tuberculosis refer to cases of anterior scleritis. In the present manuscript we describe a patient who had rheumatoid arthritis and developed a large posterior scleral tuberculoma. The lesion provoked retinal detachment and visual loss and was diagnosed only after enucleation due to a misdiagnosis of choroidal melanoma.

  11. Targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma - Case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakizaki, Priscila; Valente, Neusa Yuriko Sakai; Paiva, Daniele Loureiro Mangueira; Dantas, Fernando Luiz Teixeira; Gonçalves, Sheila Viana Castelo Branco

    2014-01-01

    Targetoid Hemosiderotic Hemangioma, also known as Hobnail Hemangioma, is a lesion of vascular origin, probably lymphatic. The most common clinical feature is a solitary violaceous papule surrounded by a pale, thin area and a peripheral ecchymotic ring, simulating a target. Histopathologically, there is a biphasic pattern, with dilated vessels in the superficial dermis and pseudoangiosarcomatous pattern in the deep dermis, and endothelial cells with hobnail morphology. A simple excision is curative. We report a rare case of Targetoid Hemosiderotic Hemangioma. PMID:25387500

  12. Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afzal Azim

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM is an uncommon but life threatening disease that affects women in the last month of pregnancy or within the first five months after delivery. Very few Indian case reports are available. However, it is essential for the practitioner dealing with such population to have a high degree of clinical suspicion for early diagnosis and management. Echocardiography is used to diagnose this entity and monitor the therapy.

  13. Plummer Vinson syndrome: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jani, P G

    2001-06-01

    Plummer Vinson syndrome is characterised by dysphagia, iron deficiency, anaemia and oesophageal web or webs. This is a case report of a 33 year old Asian female who presented with slowly progressive dysphagia and a long history of iron deficiency anaemia. The anaemia was confirmed on repeated haemograms and a barium swallow revealed an upper oesophageal web. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and forceful dilatation were necessary to effect relief of dysphagia.

  14. Eagle syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Nilüfer Ersan; Mehmet İlgüy; Dilhan İlgüy

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Eagle syndrome, an uncommon sequela of elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament, can manifest as pain in the face and the anterolateral neck, often with referred pain to the ear and the temporomandibular joint area. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old female patient presented to the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Department with complaints of unremitting unilateral facial and neck pain, limitation in the movement of the neck, sensation of foreign bo...

  15. Ureteroarterial fistula: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Sun; Kim, Ji Chang [Daejeon St Mary' s Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-01-15

    Ureteroarterial fistula is an extremely rare complication, but is associated with a high mortality rate. Previous pelvic surgery, long standing ureteral catheter insertion, radiation therapy, vascular surgery and vascular pathology contribute the development of this uncommon entity. Herein, a case of ureteroarterial fistula in a 69-year-old female patient, who presented with a massive hematuria, proven in a second attempt at angiography, is reported.

  16. Gorlin syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil K

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Gorlin syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited condition that exhibits high penetrance and variable expressivity. It is characterized mainly by Basal cell carcinomas, Odontogenic keratocysts and skeletal anomalies. However, medical literature documents both common and lesser known manifestations of the disorder involving the skin, central nervous system, skeletal system etc. Diagnosis of the syndrome in childhood is basically through oral abnormalities. A case of Gorlin syndrome has been reported here, with review of literature.

  17. CHEST WALL HAMARTOMA : Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Gülden DİNİZ; Ortaç, Ragıp; Aktaş, Safiye; TEMİR, Günyüz; HOŞGÖR, Münevver; Karaca, İrfan

    2005-01-01

    A case of four-month – old girl diagnosed as chest wall hamartoma is presented. This entity is an extremely rare but characteristic lesion of the ribs usually presenting in the neonate or infant with a mass or respiratory symptoms. Complete sponraneous regression of the lesion has been reported. Recently conservative management of asymptomatic childiren was recommended. Although rare, this condition ought to be kept in mind while dealing with infantile chest wall masses to avoid an errone...

  18. CHEST WALL HAMARTOMA : Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Gülden DİNİZ; Ortaç, Ragıp; Aktaş, Safiye; HOŞGÖR, Günyüz TEMİR2Münevver; Karaca, İrfan

    2005-01-01

    A case of four-month – old girl diagnosed as chest wall hamartoma is presented. This entity is an extremely rare but characteristic lesion of the ribs usually presenting in the neonate or infant with a mass or respiratory symptoms. Complete sponraneous regression of the lesion has been reported. Recently conservative management of asymptomatic childiren was recommended. Although rare, this condition ought to be kept in mind while dealing with infantile chest wall masses to avoid...

  19. Brodie's abscess: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alter, S A; Sprinkle, R W

    1995-01-01

    The authors present a case report with a 1-year follow-up period, demonstrating the successful diagnosis and surgical treatment of a focal lesion of the distal metaphysis of the right tibia in an 11-year-old female. The author discusses the pathology of hematologic osteomyelitis and its role in the development of a subacute abscess. A review of the literature and a detailed description of the pathogenesis of Brodie's abscess is submitted as well.

  20. GORDON SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

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    Rita

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Gordon Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder and it is part of a group of genetic disorders known as Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. There are congenital contractures in at least two or more areas of body. Gordon Syndrome is characterized by congenital Camptodactyly, Clubfoot and Cleft Palate. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: One month female baby presented with congenital distal contra ctures in hands ( C amptodactyly, talipes equinovarus deformity in both lower limbs ( C lub feet, hyperextension of left leg at knee joint, central cleft palate, oral thrush. INTERVENTION: Treatment of oral thrush, feeding advice and physiotherapy. OUTCOME: Relieved of oral thrush, weight gain started and attached to Plastic Surgery, Orthopedic and Physiotherapy Specialties. MESSAGE: Sporadic cases of this rare disorder do occur and not many cases have been reported from India.

  1. Collodion Baby - a Case Report

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    Stojanović Vesna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Colloidon baby describes a highly characteristic clinical entity in newborns encased in a yellowish translucent membrane resembling collodion. In most cases the condition either precedes the development of one of a variety of ichthyoses, the commonest of which are lamellar ichthyosis and non-bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma, or occasionally represents an initial phase of other ichthyoses such as ichthyosis vulgaris. In at least 10% of all cases of collodion baby, the condition is followed by a mild ichthyosis of lamellar type, so mild as to be considered more or less normal, so-called self-healing collodion baby or ‘lamellar ichthyosis of the newborn’. In this report we present a rare case of collodion baby in whom, after collodion membrane peeled-off, the skin retained normal appearance.

  2. Case report and literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flahault, Adrien; Vignon, Marguerite; Rabant, Marion; Hummel, Aurélie; Noël, Laure-Hélène; Canioni, Danielle; Knebelmann, Bertrand; Suarez, Felipe; El Karoui, Khalil

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: We report the case of a multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) with initial renal involvement. Although the renal involvement in this case was typical of MCD, it constitutes a rare presentation of the disease, and in our case the renal manifestations led to the haematological diagnosis. Clinical Findings/Patient Concerns: The patient was admitted for fever, diarrhea, anasarca, lymphadenopathies and acute renal failure. Despite intravenous rehydration using saline and albumin, renal function worsened and the patient required dialysis. While diagnostic investigations were performed, right hemiplegia occurred. There was no anemia or thrombocytopenia. Diagnoses: Kidney biopsy was consistent with glomerular thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Lymph node histology was consistent with hyalin-vascular variant of Castleman disease. Outcomes: Given the renal and neurological manifestations of this MCD-associated TMA, the patient was treated with plasma exchange during one month, and six courses of rituximab, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. The evolution was favorable. Conclusion: Although rare, this diagnosis is worth knowing, as specific treatment has to be started as soon as possible and proved to be efficient in our case as well as in other reports in the literature. PMID:27741115

  3. Nasal Schwannoma: a case report

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    Siu-Navarro YJ, Pérez-Carbajal AJ

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Schwannomas are benign tumors that arise from Schwann cells peripheral nerves sheath. About 25-45% occur in the head and neck and only 4% of these tumors involve the sinunasal tract.Objective: To provide, through a clinic case and lecture review, the clinical and radiopatology findings of a bening and unusual tumors, as are the Nasal schwannomas. Case Report: We report a case of a young woman with nasal schwannoma, who complain of left nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea, which after subsequent imaging studies, surgical and pathology analisis, diagnosis was found. Sustained a favorable clinical evolution.Results and Discussion: The clinic and radiologic findings are nonspecific, depend upon the location or size of the tumor and subsequent involvement of surrounding structures, but generally present as a mass with less agressive behavior. The elective treatment is surgery, confirming this disease by microscopic and immunohistochemistry studies.Conclusion: Given these aspects must be considered nasal schwannomas within the differential diagnosis of a tumor with less aggressive behavior, clinical-radiological, because implies good results for the patient and unusual recurrence after surgery.

  4. Graphite oral tattoo: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraes, Renata Mendonça; Gouvêa Lima, Gabriela de Morais; Guilhermino, Marinaldo; Vieira, Mayana Soares; Carvalho, Yasmin Rodarte; Anbinder, Ana Lia

    2015-10-16

    Pigmented oral lesions compose a large number of pathological entities, including exogenous pigmentat oral tattoos, such as amalgam and graphite tattoos. We report a rare case of a graphite tattoo on the palate of a 62-year-old patient with a history of pencil injury, compare it with amalgam tattoos, and determine the prevalence of oral tattoos in our Oral Pathology Service. We also compare the clinical and histological findings of grafite and amalgam tattoos. Oral tattoos affect women more frequently in the region of the alveolar ridge. Graphite tattoos occur in younger patients when compared with the amalgam type. Histologically, amalgam lesions represent impregnation of the reticular fibers of vessels and nerves with silver, whereas in cases of graphite tattoos, this impregnation is not observed, but it is common to observe a granulomatous inflammatory response, less evident in cases of amalgam tattoos. Both types of lesions require no treatment, but in some cases a biopsy may be done to rule out melanocytic lesions.

  5. [Tyrosinemia type II. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benatiya, A I; Bouayed, M A; Touiza, E; Daoudi, K; Bhalil, S; Elmesbahi, I; Tahri, H

    2005-01-01

    Tyrosinemia type II or Richner-Hanhart syndrome is a rare hereditary disease characterized by the association of pseudoherpetiform corneal ulcerations and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. We report the case of a 12 year-old young man presenting a superficial punctate keratitis and a corneal dystrophy in both eyes, associated with a palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. The dosage of the serum level of tyrosine is meaningfully raised to 1236 micromol/l. A dietary treatment restraining tyrosine and phenylalanine is started with favorable results after an evolution of 6 months. Tyrosinemia type II is an autosomal recessive disease, due to an enzymatic deficit in tyrosine aminotransferase. The diagnosis is based on the clinic and high level of serum and urinary tyrosine as well as of its urinary metabolites. This disease must be suspected in all cases of dentritic keratitis not reacting on the antiviral treatment, and more especially if it is associated with cutaneous lesions such as palmo-plantar keratosis.

  6. Pertussis Syndrome. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Esther González Hermida

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Pertussis-like syndrome and whooping cough-like illness are the terms used to refer to the indistinguishable signs and symptoms of whooping cough in the absence of laboratory tests to confirm the presence of the bacteria that causes it. Although there are no reported cases in Cuba, it is important to keep paying attention to the most representative symptoms of this disease, since there has recently been a resurgence of whooping cough in the world. Therefore, it is relevant to present the case of a patient with a two-week history of upper respiratory symptoms and dry cough. These symptoms intensified, so she attended the emergency service of her health area.

  7. Cohen Syndrome. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elayne Esther Santana Hernández

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cohen syndrome is a rare genetic disease that is transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. It is characterized by obesity, hypotonia, mental retardation, microcephaly, typical craniofacial dysmorphism, large and prominent central incisors as well as thin, spindle-shaped fingers. The locus for Cohen syndrome has been located on chromosome 8q 22 (COH 1. Few cases have been reported since its description, it is clinically diagnosed through a proper delineation of the phenotype. The case of 14-year-old patient with this syndrome in whom a clinical diagnosis had not been established thus far is presented. An accurate delineation of the phenotype was achieved at this age and consequently, the correct diagnosis was reached, which is critical in order to provide better genetic counseling to the family.

  8. Schwann cell hamartoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bulfamante Gaetano

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Colorectal polyps of mesenchymal origin represent a small percentage of gastrointestinal (GI lesions. Nevertheless, they are encountered with increasing frequency since the widespread adoption of colonoscopy screening. Case presentation We report a case of a small colonic polyp that presented as intramucosal diffuse spindle cell proliferation with a benign cytological appearance, strong and diffuse immunoreactivity for S-100 protein, and pure Schwann cell phenotype. Careful morphological, immunohistochemical and clinical evaluation emphasize the differences from other stromal colonic lesions and distinguish it from schwannoma, a circumscribed benign nerve sheath tumor that rarely arises in the GI tract. Conclusion As recently proposed, this lesion was finally described as mucosal Schwann cell hamartoma.

  9. Transverse testicular ectopia - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živanović Dragoljub

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Transverse testicular ectopia is an extremely rare anomaly, characterized by migration of one testis towards the opposite inguinal canal, usually associated with inguinal hernia. Spermatic cord of the ectopic testis originates from the appropriate side. In most reported cases, the accurate diagnosis has not been made before surgery. This is a case report of transverse testicular ectopia in eleven-year-old boy who had undergone an operation for the left inguinal hernia in age often months. At the time of herniorrhaphy, the right testis was absent. Ten years later, during re-operation of the left inguinal hernia, both testis were found in left inguinal canal and easily brought down sequentially through the left groin into the scrotum. The right testis was fixed in the left hemiscrotum, due to shorter funicular elements, and the left was trans-septally moved to the right hemiscrotum (a modified Ombrédanne operation. Ultrasonography and voiding cystoureterography showed no associated genitourinary anomalies and no Mülerian duct remnants. The rupture of gubernaculum and dysfunction of the genito-femoral nerve could explain the etiology of crossed testis ectopia. Although ectopic testis could be localized preoperatively by ultrasonography, CT, MRI, arteriography and venography, correct diagnosis was made intraoperatively in the majority of cases. Treatment modalities include laparoscopic and surgical procedures. Atrophie testis should be removed. If testes are fused, they have to be brought into one hemiscrotum. In cases where testes are completely separated with individual funicular elements and vas deferens, an ipsilateral or contralateral orchiopexy should be performed depending on the length of funicular elements.

  10. WILD HONEY INTOXICATION: CASE REPORT

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    Munire Babayigit

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Wild honey intoxication (WHI is a rare disease that results from consuming honey produced by Rhododendron polen feeded bees. WHI develops due to grayanotoxin (GT that it contains. WHI might present with mild symptoms of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and neurological systems or might also present in a life threatining form with AV block and cardiovascular collaps. In this report we aimed to present clinical presentation and treatment of a case of WHI. [J Contemp Med 2013; 3(3.000: 197-199

  11. Agminated blue nevus - Case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisboa, Alice Paixão; Silvestre, Keline Jácome; Pedreira, Renata Leite; Alves, Natália Ribeiro de Magalhães; Obadia, Daniel Lago; Azulay-Abulafia, Luna

    2016-01-01

    Blue nevi are benign melanocytic lesions located in the deeper reticular dermis, consequence of failure of melanocytic migration into the dermal-epidermal junction from the neural crest. Lesions are usually asymptomatic and solitary, but may present in a multiple or agminated (grouped) pattern. The agminated subtype is formed when bluish-pigmented lesions cluster together in a well-defined area. Lesions can be flat or raised. We report the case of a patient who presented multiple bluish macules (1-3 mm in diameter) grouped on the left upper back. Dermoscopy and anatomic pathological examination were consistent with blue nevus. PMID:27828645

  12. Peripheral ameloblastoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Ju Seop; Kim, Kyoung A; Koh, Kwang Joon [Chonbuk National Univ., Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-06-15

    Peripheral ameloblastoma is an extremely rate odontogenic soft tissue tumor with histologic characteristics similar to those of the intraosseous ameloblastoma. It appears in the gingiva and oral mucosa. And it usually does not show any bone involvement on radiographs, except for saucer shaped erosion of underlying alveolar bone. Recurrence is considered uncommon. We report a case of peripheral ameloblastoma with bone involvement. Histologically it presented with follicles and nest of tumor cells with palisading pattern. And radiographs showed the typical saucer shaped alveolar bone erosion at the distal area of right mandibular third molar. At 6-mouth follow-up after operation, no local recurrence was noted.

  13. [Syphilitic orchitis: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekita, Nobuyuki; Nishikawa, Rika; Fujimura, Masaaki; Sugano, Isamu; Mikami, Kazuo

    2012-01-01

    Tertiary syphilis is recently a rare disease in Japan. In this paper, we report a rare case of syphilitic orchitis. The patient was in his early forties. The left scrotal contents were swelling and a low echoic nodule measuring about 30 mm in diameter was detected on ultrasonography. Serum alpha fetoprotein, lactate dehydrogenase, and beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin were within the normal range, whereas Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay and rapid plasma reagin were strongly positive. High orchiectomy was performed for suspicion of testicular tumor. Histological findings showed the non-specific inflammatory granuloma with lympho-plasmatic infiltration. It was diagnosed as granulomatous inflammation of left testis caused by syphilis.

  14. Diverticulosis of colon: Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Chang Yul [Paik Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1972-12-15

    The authors reports 2 cases of diverticulosis involving the sacending colon and cecum: one, 55 year old, 85 kg Korean male admitted to Paik Hospital because of abdominal palm, constipation and tenderness in the right lower abdomen. The other, 48 year old, 78 kg male visited to our hospital for the routine examination. According to late European and American statistics, the colonic diverticulosis was discovered in late middle life about 20%, however, the incidence of colonic diverticulosis is rare in Korea. This paper presents a brief review of literature on the etiology, incidence and symptom.

  15. Intraventricular neurofibroma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Joon; Kim, Kyung In; Kim, Hyung Sik; Chung, Hyo Sun; Lee, Yung Suk; Park, Hum Rye [Joong-Ang Gil Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of); Chi, Je G. [College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-01-15

    Intracranial nerve sheath tumors unrelated to the cranial nerve roots are extremely rare, and the origin of the tumors are debatable. We report a case of pathologically-proven neurofibroma inside the lateral ventricle. A 49-year-old man presented with headache of 6 months duration, urinary incontinence, visual disturbance and right hemiplegia. Brain CT scan showed a well defined isodense mass with homogenous contrast enhancement and marginal calcification. At surgery the tumor was found to be a 4cm-sized lobulated mass attached only to the choroid plexus. Histologically, the tumor masses consisted of fasciculating bundles of wavy spindle cells, with a considerable collagen laydown.

  16. [Kartagener's syndrome: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiam, M; Gning, S B; Faye, M B; Fall, P D; Mbaye, A; Charpentier, P

    2002-01-01

    The authors report a rare case of Kartagener's syndrome in 8 years old girl revelated by congenital cardiopathy with chronic bronchitis and severe heart failure. Incomplet endocardial cushion defect with single atrium was found and situs inversus suspected, confirmed by ultrasonography. She undergone cardiac surgery in Europe: atrial septation and mitralvalve repair. Surgery redux was neccessary formitral insufficency and residual shunt. Persistent atelectasia in lower inferior lobe indicated bronchoscopy. Lung biopsy confirmed Kartagener's syndrome. Now, she has no cardiac symptom, but bronchitis and chronic pansinusitis.

  17. Epithelioma cuniculatum: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, J; Harris, S; Suarez, V; Jeyaratnam, R; Smith, A G

    2009-01-01

    Epithelioma cuniculatum (carcinoma cuniculatum) is a rare, low-grade verrucous carcinoma of the foot first described in 1954. We present a case report of a 55-year-old man with an enlarging lesion on the sole of his right foot. Despite initial benign pathology the lesion continued to grow, soften in consistency and develop a foul odour. Repeat biopsy showed a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and below-the-knee amputation was required. Epithelioma cuniculatum presents as a slow growing mass on the plantar aspect of the foot. Diagnosis is often delayed and may require multiple biopsies. Lesions rarely metastasise but more commonly invade locally requiring wide surgical excision.

  18. Infantile refsum disease: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choksi, Vaishali; Hoeffner, Ellen; Karaarslan, Ercan; Yalcinkaya, Cengiz; Cakirer, Sinan

    2003-01-01

    Infantile Refsum disease is a rare inborn error of phytanic acid metabolism. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and frequently causes signs and symptoms in the neonate period. The only source of phytanic acid in humans is exogenous, from diet. We report the MR imaging findings in two cases of infantile Refsum disease and note the MR imaging changes that occurred over time because of further progression of the disease. The initial diagnosis in both patients was made on basis of history, clinical findings, and biochemical studies.

  19. NEUROFIBROMATOSIS TYPE I: CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available : Neurofibromatosis (NF is a term that has been applied to a variety of related syndromes, characterized by neuro ectodermal tumors arising within multiple organs and autosomal-dominant inheritance. Neurofibromatosis type I(NF-1, known as well as Recklinghausen’s disease, we have presented a case report of 10 year old boy with complain of scalp swelling on right postero-lateral aspect of scalp with multiple flat, hypo pigmented macule on back, neck. On radiology work up including MRI there were multiple plexiform neuroibromas, multiple non-neoplastic hamartomatous lesion suggestive of neurofibromatosis type.

  20. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva: case report

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    NUCCI ANAMARLI

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare genetic disease characterized by widespread soft tissue ossification and congenital stigmata of the extremities. We report on a male child followed for ten years since the age of 3 years and 9 months, when the diagnosis was made. He was born with bilateral hypoplasic hallux valgus and ventricular septal defect, corrected by transsternal approach when 32 months old. Restriction of neck mobility followed and foci of ectopic ossification appeared. Four crises of disease exacerbation were treated with oral prednisone and/or other antiinflammatory drugs. Sodium etidronate 5 to 10 mg/kg/day was prescribed intermittently during about six years but was discontinued due to osteopenia. The disease course has been relentless, with severe movement restriction including the chest wall. A review showed few similar case reports in the Brazilian literature. We revisit the criteria for diagnosis and the essentials of management and treatment.

  1. [Abdominal pregnancy care. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales Hernández, Sara; Díaz Velázquez, Mary Flor; Puello Tamara, Edgardo; Morales Hernández, Jorge; Basavilvazo Rodríguez, Maria Antonia; Cruz Cruz, Polita del Rocío; Hernández Valencia, Marcelino

    2008-10-01

    Abdominal pregnancies are the implantation of gestation in some of the abdominal structures. This kind of pregnancies represents sevenfold maternal death risk than tubarian ectopic pregnancies, and 90-fold death risk than normal ones. Previous cases have erroneously reported as abscess in Douglas punch, and frequently result in obitus or postnatal deaths. We report a case of a patient with 27 years old, and diagnosis of 25.2 weeks of pregnancy, prior placenta and anhidramnios, referred due to difficult in uterine contour delimitation, easy palpation of fetal parts, cephalic pole in left hypochondrious and presence of mass in hypogastria, no delimitations, pain with mobilization, no transvaginal bleed and fetal movements. Interruption of pregnancy is decided by virtue of severe oligohidramnios, retardation in fetal intrabdominal growth, and recurrent maternal abdominal pain. Surgical intervention was carried out for resolution of the obstetrical event, in which was found ectopic abdominal pregnancy with bed placental in right uterine horn that corresponded to a pregnancy of 30 weeks of gestation. Abdominal pregnancy is still a challenge for obstetrics due to its diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis is oriented to prevent an intrabdominal hemorrhage that is the main maternal cause of mortality.

  2. Pulmonary agenesis: two cases reported

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Yaraví Solano-Vázquez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pulmonary agenesis is a rare anomaly (1 in 15 000 live births which consists in a total absence or severe hypoplasia of one or both lungs. The clinical spectrum of the unilateral agenesis could vary from early and severe respiratory distress, recurrent pneumonia to being an incidental finding. The prognosis is based on the presence of associated congenital abnormalities. Material and methods: We present two cases of unilateral pulmonary agenesis in patients at Tlaxcala’s Children Hospital during 2012. Results: Report details the case of a one-month old boy with left pulmonary agenesis and interatrial communication and mild pulmonary arterial hypertension. He had two resolved pneumonia incidents. The other case was a one-month old girl with right pulmonary agenesis, associated to multiple heart malformations who evolved to respiratory failure, heart failure and death.Conclusions: Pulmonary agenesis is a rare anomaly. Its outcome and prognosis varies with the hemodynamics related to its location and associated malformations.

  3. Horseshoe kidney: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naveena S

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The horseshoe kidney was originally regarded as a rare anatomical curiosity, but with the aid of retrograde pyelogram, intravenous urogram and renal arteriograms in this present age of diagnosis, the incidence of horseshoe kidney is estimated at 1 in 200-400 individuals or 1 in 700 autopsies and usually remains asymptomatic. The present report is concerned with a case of horseshoe kidney, which was observed during routine cadaveric dissection, for student education in anatomy dissection hall of Osmania medical college, in a male cadaver. The kidneys formed a U-shaped structure as a result of fusion at the inferior poles of the original kidneys by a parenchymatous isthmus. As a whole, the structure presented a typical horseshoe shape. The location of the kidney was lower than that of the normal kidney. The renal arterial system was almost normal except for a surplus artery into the isthmus that directly originated from the aorta, at the origin of inferior mesenteric artery. Venous drainage of both the kidneys and the isthmus was through two veins which opened independently into the inferior vena cava. The hila on both sides opened towards the ventral direction, and the ureters descended in front of the isthmus and entered the bladder normally. This report is being made because it affords material for a review of embryological and gross anatomy findings in a case of horseshoe kidney, which could help in a thorough urologic evaluation in diagnosed cases prior to any surgical intervention. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(3.000: 304-307

  4. Commissioners' Monthly Case Activity Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission — Total cases pending at the beginning of the month, total cases added to the docket during the month, total cases disposed of during the month, and total cases...

  5. Enterococcal endocarditis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvjetković Dejan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Bacteria from genus Enterococcus may cause infections mostly in those who are immunocompromised and those who underwent endoscopic or surgical procedures. Endocarditis is caused by enterococci in 5-10% of cases. Its clinical presentation does not differ from endocarditis of other bacterial origin. Previous susceptibility testing is needed for appropriate choice of antibiotics against enterococci. The treatment recommendations for enterococcal endocarditis were given by American Heart Association recently. Case report. A case of enterococcal endocarditis in a young female person hospitalised at Clinic for infectious diseases was reviewed. The disease was diagnosed during an extensive diagnostic procedure. Multiply repeated echocardiographic examination helped to find out bacterial vegetations on the mitral valve. Enterococcus species was isolated from several blood cultures. Despite powerful antibiotic treatment, the additional valvular replacement had to be done. Discussion. A case of enerococcal endocarditis in a young female person was reviewed. The right diagnosis was based on a thorough clinical examination in cooperation with cardiologists using repeated transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. Echocardiography, even if it is transesophageal, has limited sensitivity and specify, so it is sometimes necessary to be repeated for several times in diagnosing endocarditis. The source of endocarditis was not identified. The combined antimicrobial and surgical treatment led to the complete recovery of patient. Conclusion. Enterococcal endocarditis rarely occurrs in young females. Infective disease specialists sometimes face enterococcal endocarditis in their practice, mostly when they have to cope with fever of unknown origin. An appropriate approach to such conditions includes careful search for heart valve changes by repeated echocardiographic finding, if necessary.

  6. PHAKOMATOSIS PIGMENTOVASCULARIS: REPORT OF A CASE

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    Mostafa Mirshams-Shahshahani

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study introduces a rare case of phakomatosispigmenJovascularis, which is charaderiud by the existence ofpigmentary naevus ond vascular naevus. Until 1985, 63 cases ofthis syndrome have been reported, mostly in Japon (56 cases. This is the first case of phakomatosis pigmentovascularis, reported in Iran.

  7. Vulvar Angiomyofibroblastoma: A Case Report

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    Mustafa Ulubay

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB is a rare seen mesenchymal tumor that is categorized as a genital stromal tumor. It is commonly seen in the middle-aged women usually affecting the labia majora and rarely the vagina. A variant called AMFB-like tumors are also rarely seen in male patients. AMFB with its clinical presentation and location can be wrongly diagnosed as an aggressive angiomyxomas, bartholin cyst or lower genital tract lipomas. In the patients who are applying because of the vulvar mass, AMFB should not be forgotten for the pre-diagnosis. The treatment is generally simple surgical excision.In this case, AMFB was reported with a wrongly pre-diagnosis as a bartholin cyst to which a medical treatment had been given. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(4.000: 822-825

  8. Pivotal Response Treatment: Case Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventola, Pamela; Friedman, Hannah; Oosting, Devon

    2015-01-01

    The current paper provides an overview of an evidence-based treatment, Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT), for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The paper describes PRT principles and then illustrates the approach using two case reports. The children are preschool-aged children with high-functioning ASD. They were participating in a four-month clinical trial of PRT. At the start of treatment, they presented with significant social communication impairments, including a minimal understanding of reciprocity, limited play skills, and repetitive behaviors and speech. The paper outlines how behavioral treatment goals were identified and then how activities were designed, using principles of PRT, to target skill acquisition. Following the treatment course, both children made substantial and meaningful gains in social communication skill development.

  9. Ectopia cordis: a case report

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    Gonçalo Filipe Infante Mesquita Dias

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: ectopia cordis is a rare congenital malformation, with an estimated incidence of 5 to 8 per million live births. It is defined as a malformation in which the heart is located in an extra-thoracic position. Ectopia cordis may occur as an isolated malformation or associated with other anomalies such as omphalocele, congenital heart disease or integrating Cantrell syndrome. The size and location of the defect influence the prognosis. Description: we report a case of a 24-year-old nulliparous woman, with no relevant family or personal history, in which the prenatal fetal ultrasound, performed at 21 weeks of gestation, revealed adefect of the anterior chest wall with exteriorization of the heart. Discussion: fetal echocardiography revealed a severe congenital heart disease. The parents decided to continue the pregnancy, after being duly informed by a multidisciplinary team. Delivery occurred at 37 weeks of gestation but the female newborn died one hour afterwards. Pathological examination confirmed the sonographic findings.

  10. Docetaxel Retinopathy: A Case Report

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    Sylvia Nghiem-Buffet

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To report the use of En-face optical coherence tomography (OCT in a patient treated with docetaxel and tamoxifen for breast cancer for the detection of macular edema (ME without evidence of leakage on fluorescein angiography (FA. Case Presentation: A 52-year-old woman treated for breast cancer presented with bilateral visual loss for 2 months. FA showed no significant leakage while spectral-domain OCT scans of both eyes showed foveolar and parafoveolar cystic spaces in a moderately thickened macula. En-face OCT segmented at the inner retina showed the petaloid arrangement of cystic cavities, comparable to a cystoid ME. Conclusions: The combined use of tamoxifen could have potentiated the toxic effect of docetaxel on the macula. En-face OCT images may reveal a petaloid aspect of the macula due to cysts in the inner retina segmentation, when FA shows no leakage.

  11. [Acquired methemoglobinemia: a case report].

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    Benini, D; Vino, L; Fanos, V

    1998-01-01

    When an infant presents severe cyanosis which is not associated with respiratory distress, methaemoglobinemia should always be suspected. In children its main inducers are contaminated water or vegetable broths with high nitrate levels (especially spinach and carrots) used to prepare powdered formula or soups. Children affected with methaemoglobinemia have a peculiar lavender colour. Blood from the heel sticks is chocolate-brown and does not become pink when exposed to room air. Diagnosis can be confirmed by excluding other causes of cyanosis and by spectrophotometric analysis of blood for methaemoglobin. When methaemoglobin's levels reach 60% or more, the patient will collapse and become comatose and may die. Therapy with methylene blue results in prompt relief. In this article we report a case of methaemoglobinemia due to the administration of powdered formula mixed with vegetable broths to a newborn aged 16 days. Furthermore we will present a short review of literature regarding methaemoglobinemia caused by toxic agents over the last 10 years.

  12. Merkel cell carcinoma: case report.

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    Sustić, Nela; Biljan, Darko; Orkić, Zelimir; Lizatović, Dario; Milas-Ahić, Jasminka

    2010-04-01

    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Although it is 40 times less common than malignant melanoma, its mortality is much higher compared to melanoma. From 1986 to 2001 there was rapidly increasing incidence in reported cases of MCC, with a tripling in the rate over this 15-year period. The vast majority of MCC presents on sun-exposed skin. The head and neck area is the most common site of tumor occurrence. We present 70-year old female patient with painless red-colored nodule, size 2 x 2 x 2 cm on the dorsal side of mid left forearm. The surgical excision with negative margins was performed, and pathohistological analysis confirmed Merkel cell carcinoma. Sentinel lymph node biopsy was negative. In conclusion, as MCC is a very aggressive rare skin carcinoma with lethal outcome, it should be mandatory to perform biopsies of any suspected skin lesion.

  13. Olfactory neuroblastoma: A case report

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    USLU, GONCA HANEDAN; CANYILMAZ, EMINE; ZENGIN, AHMET YASAR; MUNGAN, SEVDEGUL; YONEY, ADNAN; BAHADIR, OSMAN; GOCMEZ, HUSEYIN

    2015-01-01

    Olfactory neuroblastoma (ON) is a rare type of malignant neoplasm originating from the olfactory neuroepithelial cells of the nasal cavity. ON is also known as esthesioneuroblastoma or neuroendocrine carcinoma. The malignancy accounts for <3% of tumors originating in the nasal cavity. Through the nasal cavity, ON may infiltrate the sinuses, the orbit and the cranium. The tumor is characterized by a pattern of slow growth and local recurrences. Treatment options are surgical excision or surgery combined with a radiotherapy (RT) and/or chemotherapy combination treatment. The present study reports the case of a 69-year-old patient with a mass in the nasal cavity who was treated by combined surgical excision and RT. The literature for ON and the treatment of the tumor are also discussed. PMID:26788185

  14. Goldbloom's syndrome - a case report.

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    Santos, Sónia; Estanqueiro, Paula; Salgado, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    The Goldbloom's syndrome (GS) is a rare clinical condition of unknown aetiology, occurring exclusively in the pediatric population. It consists in an idiopathic periosteal hyperostosis with dysproteinemia, whose symptoms can mimic a neoplastic disease. We present a case report illustrating the diagnostic challenge of this condition. The exclusion of the common causes of bone pain, associated with generalized periostitis and increased gammaglobulins suggested the diagnosis of GS. The self-limited symptoms, the resolution of radiological findings in four months and the normalization of laboratory abnormalities within ten months, allowed to establish definitely the diagnosis of GS. GS must be considered when diffuse bone pain, prolonged fever and weight loss are present after exclusion of malignant disease with bone involvement.

  15. Waardenburg Syndrome: A Case Report

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    Hayrullah Alp

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Auditory-pigmentary syndromes are a group of diseases that effect the skin, hair, eyes and the cochlea. Waardenburg syndrome is one of the members of these autosomal dominantly inherited diseases. Waardenburg syndrome is characterized by white forelock, congenital sensorineural hearing loss, hypopigmented skin and anomalies of the intraocular tissues. How ever all these diagnostic features may not be seen in all patient. In addition, there are four subtypes of the syndrome in each of which the genetic and clinical findings are different. Case Report: In this article, a-3-year old boy with Waardenburg syndrome Type 1 was described. Also, in some of the family members the same disease was diagnosed. Conclusion: Waardenburg syndrome should be evaluated in the patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss accompanied with the clinical findings. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2010; 8: 123-6

  16. [Extrapulmonary pneumocystosis: a case report].

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    Valdebenito, Carlos; Bonacic, Macarena; Matamala, Jennifer; Wolff, Marcelo

    2015-06-01

    We report a case of a middle-age male patient, with newly HIV infection in AIDS stage diagnosis, no comorbitidies, who was hospitalized for subacute malaise, fever, self-limited unproductive cough and no bloody chronic diarrea. The diagnosis of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia was performed by imagenological suspicion and stains of cysts of this pathogen with bronchoalveolar lavage samples. Treatment was initiated with oral cotrimoxazole and starting HAART with good clinical outcome. Concomitantly, an etiologic study was conducted for chronic diarrhea and through histopathological examination of colonic mucosa, numerous extracellular cystic structures Pneumocystis characteristics were observed, performing the diagnosis of extrapulmonary pneumocystosis. Extrapulmonary pneumocystosis is a rare cause of P. jiroveci infection, requires a high index of suspicion and should be approached in HIV patients with severe AIDS which is common in co-infection of various infections and is peremptory to make an etiologic diagnosis and early treatment.

  17. Docetaxel Retinopathy: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nghiem-Buffet, Sylvia; Cohen, Salomon Yves; Giocanti-Auregan, Audrey

    2017-01-01

    Background To report the use of En-face optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a patient treated with docetaxel and tamoxifen for breast cancer for the detection of macular edema (ME) without evidence of leakage on fluorescein angiography (FA). Case Presentation A 52-year-old woman treated for breast cancer presented with bilateral visual loss for 2 months. FA showed no significant leakage while spectral-domain OCT scans of both eyes showed foveolar and parafoveolar cystic spaces in a moderately thickened macula. En-face OCT segmented at the inner retina showed the petaloid arrangement of cystic cavities, comparable to a cystoid ME. Conclusions The combined use of tamoxifen could have potentiated the toxic effect of docetaxel on the macula. En-face OCT images may reveal a petaloid aspect of the macula due to cysts in the inner retina segmentation, when FA shows no leakage. PMID:28203192

  18. Paraurethral cyst. A case report

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    Emilio Vega Azcúe

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The paraurethral or Skene’s duct cyst, is a rare diagnostic entity in a newborn. It represents less than 0,5 % of congenital malformations of the urinary tract. All over the world it is reported an incidence of 1:2000 to 1:7000 in female births. In the newborn, the paraurethral cyst is caused by retention of secretions in the Skene's gland due to the obstruction of its ducts. Most of these cysts decrease in size during the first four to eight weeks, but they may cause symptoms of infection or urinary obstruction. They can also get formed from persistent embryonic remains of the mesonephric ducts (Wolffian duct, known as Gartner cysts and from the occlusion of unfused paramesonephric ducts (Müllerian. The case of a 25-day-old female, diagnosed with paraurethral cyst that underwent surgery and evolved successfully is presented.

  19. Internet addiction: A case report

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    Pejović-Milovančević Milica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Some addictions cannot be connected with substance abuse (pathological gambling, video games playing, binge eating, compulsive physical activity, emotional relationship addiction, TV addiction. Since 1995, Internet addiction has been accepted as a clinical entity with profound negative effect on social, familial, educational and economical personal functioning. The diagnosis of Internet addiction could be established if the person spends more than 38 hours per week on the Internet exempting online professional needs. Basic symptoms are the increased number of hours spent in front of the computer along with the Internet use, development of abstinent syndrome if the Internet access is prohibited, sleep inversion, neglect of basic social requirements and personal hygiene, many somatic symptoms developed due to prolonged sitting or monitor watching, dissocial behavior. In this paper, data about the Internet addiction are presented and a case report of an adolescent with developed Internet addiction.

  20. Fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma: case report

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    Seyed Mostafa Ghavami

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary manifestation of cardiac tumors in embryonic period is a very rare condition. Cardiac rhabdomyomas most frequently arise in the ventricular myocardium, they may also occur in the atria and the epicardial surface. In spite of its benign nature, the critical location of the tumor inside the heart can lead to lethal arrhythmias and chamber obstruction. Multiple rhabdomyomas are strongly associated with tuberous sclerosis which is associated with mental retardation and epilepsy of variable severity. Ultrasonography as a part of routine prenatal screening, is the best method for the diagnosis of cardiac rhabdomyomas. In the review of articles published in Iran, fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma was not reported. Case presentation: We report a case of cardiac rhabdomyoma on a 24-year-old gravid 1, referred to Day Medical Imaging Center for routine evaluation of fetal abnormalities at 31 weeks of her gestational age. Ultrasonographic examination displayed a homogenous echogenic mass (13×9mm, originating from the left ventricle of the fetal heart. It was a normal pregnancy without any specific complications. Other organs of the fetus were found normal and no cardiac abnormalities were appeared. No Pericardial fluid effusion was found. The parents did not have consanguineous marriage. They did not also have any specific disease such as tuberous sclerosis. Conclusion: The clinical features of cardiac rhabdomyomas vary widely, depending on the location, size, and number of tumors in the heart. Although cardiac rhabdomyoma is a benign tumor in many affected fetuses, an early prenatal diagnosis of the tumor is of great significance in making efficient planning and providing adequate follow up visits of the patients and the complications such as, heart failure and outlet obstruction of cardiac chambers.

  1. Eagle syndrome: a case report

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    Nilüfer Ersan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Eagle syndrome, an uncommon sequela of elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament, can manifest as pain in the face and the anterolateral neck, often with referred pain to the ear and the temporomandibular joint area. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old female patient presented to the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Department with complaints of unremitting unilateral facial and neck pain, limitation in the movement of the neck, sensation of foreign body in the throat, dysphagia, and otalgia for a year. Systemic anamnesis of the patient was unremarkable. In the clinical examination, digital palpation of the tonsillar fossa aggravated the pain. The patient was being treated for temporomandibular joint disorder. A panoramic radiograph taken after the clinical examination revealed bilateral styloid process elongation. Cone-beam computed tomography also revealed bilateral ossification of the stylohyoid ligament which was measured as 71.5 mm and 69.6 mm on the right and the left side, respectively; and the patient was diagnosed as having Eagle syndrome. The patient was referred to the otolaryngology clinic for surgical treatment. Surgical shortening of the structure provided definitive relief in the patient's symptoms. CONCLUSION: In cases of unexplained complaints in the head and neck region Eagle syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis as it may change the treatment approach.

  2. Bilateral spontaneous hemotympanum: Case report

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    Economou Nicolas C

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The most common causes of hemotympanum are therapeutic nasal packing, epistaxis, blood disorders and blunt trauma to the head. Hemotympanum is characterized as idiopathic, when it is detected in the presence of chronic otitis media. A rare case of spontaneous bilateral hemotympanum in a patient treated with anticoagulants is presented herein. Case presentation A 72-year-old male presented with acute deterioration of hearing. In the patient's medical history aortic valve replacement 1 year before presentation was reported. Since then he had been administered regularly coumarinic anticoagulants, with INR levels maintained between 3.4 and 4.0. Otoscopy revealed the presence of bilateral hemotympanum. The audiogram showed symmetrical moderately severe mixed hearing loss bilaterally, with the conductive component predominating. Tympanograms were flat bilaterally with absent acoustic reflexes. A computerized tomography scan showed the presence of fluid in the mastoid and middle ear bilaterally. Treatment was conservative and consisted of a 10-day course of antibiotics, anticongestants and temporary interruption of the anticoagulant therapy. After 3 weeks, normal tympanic membranes were found and hearing had returned to previous levels. Conclusion Anticoagulant intake should be included in the differential diagnosis of hemotympanum, because its detection and appropriate treatment may lead to resolution of the disorder.

  3. Muscular cystic hydatidosis: case report

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    Naspetti Riccardo

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hydatidosis is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and ingesting eggs released through the faeces from infected dogs infects humans. The location of the hydatid cysts is mostly hepatic and/or pulmonary, whereas musculoskeletal hydatidosis is very rare. Case presentation We report an unusual case of primary muscular hydatidosis in proximity of the big adductor in a young Sicilian man. The patient, 34 years old, was admitted to the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases for ultrasonographic detection, with successive confirmation by magnetic resonance imaging, of an ovular mass (13 × 8 cm in the big adductor of the left thigh, cyst-like, and containing several small cystic formations. Serological tests for hydatidosis gave negative results. A second drawing of blood was done 10 days after the first one and showed an increase in the antibody titer for hydatidosis. The patient was submitted to surgical excision of the lesion with perioperatory prophylaxis with albendazole. The histopathological examination of the bioptic material was not diriment in the diagnosis, therefore further tests were performed: additional serological tests for hydatidosis for the evaluation of IgE and IgG serotype (Western Blot and REAST, and molecular analysis of the excised material. These more specific serological tests gave positive results for hydatidosis, and the sequencing of the polymerase chain reaction products from the cyst evidenced E. granulosus DNA, genotype G1. Any post-surgery complications was observed during 6 following months. Conclusion Cystic hydatidosis should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of any cystic mass, regardless of its location, also in epidemiological contests less suggestive of the disease. The diagnosis should be achieved by taking into consideration the clinical aspects, the epidemiology of the disease, the imaging and immunological tests but, as demonstrated in this case, without

  4. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report

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    Seyed Ebrahim MANSOURI NEJAD

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Mansouri Nejad SE, Yazdan panah MJ, Tayyebi Meibodi N, Ashrafzadeh F, Akhondian J, BeiraghiToosi M, Eslamieh H. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Autumn;8(4: 72-75.ObjectiveGriscelli syndrome (GS is a rare autosomal recessive immune deficiency disorder that presents with pigmentary dilution of the skin and hair, recurrent skin and pulmonary infections, neurologic problems, hypogammaglobulinemia, and variable cellular immunodeficiency. Three mutations have been described in different phenotypes of the disease. In most of cases, GS leads to death in the first decade of life. In this article, we report a one-year-old child with type 2 GS who suffers from pigmentation disorder and hypogammaglobulinemia.ReferencesKharkar V, Pande S, Mahajan S, Dwiwedi R, Khopkar U. Griscelli syndrome: a new phenotype with circumscribed pigment loss? Dermatol Online J 2007 1;13(2:17.Sheela SR, Latha M, Susy JI. Griscelli syndrome: Rab 27a mutation. Indian Pediatrics 2004; 41:944-947.González Carretero P, Noguera Julian A, Ricart Campos S, Fortuny Guasch C, Martorell Sampol L. Griscelli-Prunieras syndrome: report of two cases. An Pediatr (Barc 2009 ; 70(2:164-7.Szczawinska-Poplonyk A, Kycler Z, Breborowicz A, Klaudel-Dreszler M, Pac M, Zegadlo-Mylik M, et al. Pulmonary lymphomatoid granulomatosis in Griscelli syndrome type 2. Viral Immunol 2011 Dec;24(6:471-3.Durmaz A, Ozkinay F, Onay H, Tombuloglu M, Atay A, Gursel O, et al. Molecular analysis and clinical findings of Griscelli syndrome patients. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2012 Oct;34(7:541-4.Reddy RR, Babu BM, Venkateshwaramma B, Hymavathi Ch. Silvery hair syndrome in two cousins: Chediak-Higashi syndrome vs Griscelli syndrome, with rare associations. Int J Trichology 2011; 3(2:107-11.Sahana M, Sacchidanand S, Hiremagalore R, Asha G. Silvery grey hair: clue to diagnose immunodeficiency. Int J Trichology 2012;4(2:83-5.Mahalingashetti PB, Krishnappa MH, Kalyan PS

  5. Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip: A Case Report - Case Report

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    Cengiz Bahadır

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Transient osteoporosis is a process in which peri-articuler osteoporosis occurs, with cartilage remaining intact. A painful disease, it is more common in males than females, may be migratory and is self-limited, with complete resolution of symptoms and all imaging findings. Characterized by pain and functional limitation mainly affecting weight-bearing joints of the lower limbs. Routine laboratory investigations are unremarkable. Middle aged men and women during the last months of pregnancy or in the immediate post-partum period are principally affected. Diagnosis is made upon clinical presentation and x-ray evidence of diffuse osteopenia in the affected bone area followed by spontaneous healing after several months. Magnetic resonance imaging and techneticum-99 bone scan may be helpful in diagnosis especially in early phase of the disease. In this case report 41 year old male patient who had transient osteoporosis of the hip was evaluated in the light of relevant literature. (From the World of Osteoporosis 2007;13:19-22

  6. Carcinoid of pancreas: Case report

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    Radovanović Dragan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Carcinoid tumors are very common tumors of gastro-intestinal tract even though they are very rare in pancreatic area. A large number of patients with pancreatic carcinoma have non-specific symptoms of disease which is the main cause of late operative treatment of advanced tumors as well as for a low rate of 5-years surviving (28,9%±16%. Case report. A 69-year-old female patient was operated for a 7 cm large carcinoid in pancreatic corpus. Prior to the operation the patient did not have any symptoms of disease. Serotonin and 5-HIAA level was normal before the operation as well as afterwards. In this case distal hemipancreatectomy was done along with celiac, hepatic and lienal lymphadenoctomy. Liver metastasis was not found. The diagnosis of carcinoid was varified by postoperative histopathologic and imunohistochemical analysis. Discussion. According to the experience of other authors, the operative treatment of pancreatic carcinoid is very often undertaken when dimensions of tumor exceed 7 cm. In this stage of disease distant metastases are present in more than 60% of patients. Only 23% of examinated patients have had carcinoid syndrome symptoms. According to this conclusion, the main role of diagnostic procedures is attributed to the computer tomography of abdomen as well as ERCP. The radical resection of pancreas with lympahdenectomy is recommended in order to have a precise histological examination and detect occult lymph node metastases. With radical surgical procedures even at this stage of disease the operation may be curative. Conclusion. Any kind of radical surgical treatment (depending of localizations of tumor, proximal or distal is the main therapeutic procedure in pancreatic carcinoid.

  7. Pituitary Gigantism: A Case Report

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    Rana Bhattacharjee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present a rare case of gigantism. Case Report: A 25-year-old lady presented with increased statural growth and enlarged body parts noticed since the age of 14 years, primary amenorrhea, and frontal headache for the last 2 years.She has also been suffering from non-inflammatory low back pain with progressive kyphosis and pain in the knees, ankles, and elbows for the last 5 years. There was no history of visual disturbance, vomiting, galactorrhoea, cold intolerance. She had no siblings. Family history was non-contributory.Blood pressure was normal. Height 221 cm, weight 138 kg,body mass index (BMI28. There was coarsening of facial features along with frontal bossing and prognathism, large hands and feet, and small goitre. Patient had severe kyphosis and osteoarthritis of knees. Confrontation perimetry suggested bitemporal hemianopia. Breast and pubic hair were of Tanner stage 1. Serum insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF1 was 703 ng/ml with all glucose suppressedgrowth hormone (GHvalues of >40 ng/ml. Prolactin was 174 ng/ml. Basal serum Lutenising Hormone (LH, follicle stimulating Hormone (FSH was low. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, liver and renal function tests, basal cortisol and thyroid profile, Calcium, phosphorus and Intact Parathyroid hormone (iPTH were normal.Computed tomographyscan of brain showed large pituitary macroadenoma. Automated perimetry confirmed bitemporal hemianopia. A diagnosis of gigantism due to GH secreting pituitary macroadenoma with hypogonadotrophichypogonadism was made. Debulking pituitary surgery followed by somatostatin analogue therapy with gonadal steroid replacement had been planned, but the patient refused further treatment.

  8. Camptomelic dysplasia: A case report

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    Koš Radmila

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Campomelic/camptomelic dysplasia is a very rare, severe osteochondrodysplasia characterised by severe skeletal and nonskeletal malformations and lethal outcome mainly in neonatal period. Characteristic abnormality by which the syndrome got its name is short, bowed long bones of lower extremities, most often of femur, manifested by short and bowed legs. Skin dimpling on tibial anterior side is another prominent characteristic of this syndrome. Severe cases are inherited by autosomal dominant trait, by mutation Sox9 gene on chromosome 17, with lethal outcome in the first days of life. Less severe forms of the disease are due to balanced translocation t (13;17 with life span up to the third decade of life. A majority of karyotypic males present as phenotypic females. We report a case of a female neonate, without consanguinity between parents, with characteristic signs of camptomelic dysplasia with short birth length of 46 cm, macrocephaly (head circumference 39 cm, dolichocephaly, hydrocephalus, short trunk and legs. Narrow rib cage, bowed lower extremities, short hand and foot phalanges, nail hypoplasia were noticed. Anterior fontanelle was enlarged, high forehead, face small and flat, hypertelorism, low nasal bridge, micrognathia, low set ears, cleft palate, were found. Characteristic skin dimpling on anterior side of tibia was present on both legs. Bone X-ray studies presented the following changes: anterior bowing of shortened femurs, hip dislocation, cervical vertebrae, scapulas, eleven pairs of slender ribs. Hip luxation. Karyotype was normal for a female, 46 XX. Respiratory insufficiency was present since birth, exacerbated, and led to lethal outcome in the second day of life, as described in the majority of these patients. .

  9. Brucellar epididymoorchitis - Report of five cases

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    Mantur B

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available We report here 5 bacteriologically proven cases of Brucellar epididymoorchitis. Four cases presented with unilateral epididymoorchitis and with bilateral presentation in one case. Blood culture grew Brucella melitensis in all 5 cases. B.melitensis was isolated in testicular aspirate of 4 patients. Brucella agglutinins were demonstrated in testicular aspirate of 4 patients and semen of 2 patients. To our knowledge this is the first report of bacteriologically proven cases of brucellar epididymoorchitis in the world literature.

  10. Child abuse, a case report

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    Andri M.T. Lubis

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Child abuse is a pervasive social and medical problem that remains a major cause of disability and death among children. The annual incidence of abuse is estimated to be 15 to 42 cases per 1,000 children and appears to be increasing. Fractures are the second most common presentation of physical abuse after skin lesions, and approximately one third of abused children will eventually be seen by an orthopedic surgeon. We report a 7-month-old boy who was suspected to be abused. Our diagnosis was based on findings of multiple fractures, delay in seeking medical treatment and discrepancy between the history of illness and the clinical findings. He sustained multiple fractures in variety of healing, namely fractures on left supracondylar humeri, left radius and ulna, right radius and ulna, both femora, right tibia, and left tibia and fibula. Radiological examination was an important modality in revealing the possibility of abuse on this child. He had received medical treatment, protection, consultation team for the parents and an underway police investigation. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 59-65 Keywords: child, abuse

  11. [Aortitis: report of three cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurmann, Pamela; Sabugo, Francisca; Cruz, Julio; Díaz, Gonzalo; Sánchez, Felipe; Pino, Sandra; Pezo, Ninette; Díaz, Juan Carlos; Fernández, Cristina

    2014-07-01

    Aortitis is a nonspecific term that describes an inflammation of the aortic wall caused by inflammatory, infectious, paraneoplastic and idiopathic diseases. The symptoms are variable and nonspecific; therefore a high level of clinical suspicion is required to diagnose it. It is often an incidental finding while looking for other diagnoses and it is confirmed mainly through imaging studies. We report three cases of aortitis: A 29-year-old woman presenting with alopecia, oral and nasal ulcers and positive antinuclear antibodies. A CAT scan showed a segmental thickening of thoracic aorta, with dilated and stenotic areas. She was successfully treated with steroids, hydroxychloroquine, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine. A 41-year-old male presenting with dorsal pain and cough. The CAT scan showed an extra-intimal thickening of the descending aorta and stenosis of the celiac artery. The final diagnosis was a polyangiitis and was treated with steroids, cyclophosphamide and azathioprine. A 28-year-old woman presenting with pain in the left upper abdomen. Imaging studies showed a thickening of the aortic arch and subclavian artery. The final diagnosis was sarcoidosis and the patient was treated with prednisone.

  12. Giant hepatocellular adenoma; case report

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    Pitella, F.A.; Coutinho, A.M.N.; Coura Filho, G.B.; Costa, P.L.A.; Ono, C.R.; Watanabe, T.; Sapienza, M.T.; Hironaka, F.; Cerri, G.G.; Buchpiguel, C.A. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (FM/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Radiologia. Servico de Medicina Nuclear

    2008-07-01

    Full text: Introduction: Hepatocellular adenoma is a benign hepatic tumor identified mainly in women during fertility age, with estimated incidence of 4/1000 inhabitants. It is usually unique, well circumscribed, with or without a capsule, size varying from 1 to 30 cm, with possible central areas of necrosis and hemorrhage. Case Report: A 37-year-old female patient presenting with no comorbities, use of hormonal birth control pills for 18 years, a condition of reduction in the consistency of feces, increase in number of daily defecations, abdominal cramps, and a stuffed sensation after meals for two years. A palpable abdominal mass extending from the right hypochondriac to the right iliac fossa was noticed four months ago. A computerized tomography (CT) showed an extensive hepatic mass on the right which was considered, within the diagnostic hypotheses, hepatic adenomatosis, without ruling out secondary lesions. A hepatic scintillography with {sup 99m}Tc-DISIDA showed an extensive exophytic area from segment V to the right iliac fossa with arterialized blood flow and hepatocytic activity, as well as a hepatic nodule in segment VII with hepatocytic activity consistent with the hepatic adenomas hypothesis. The biopsy confirmed the hepatic adenoma diagnosis and the patient was submitted to a partial hepatectomy and cholecystectomy with good clinical evolution. Conclusion: Nuclear Medicine may supplement the assessment of hepatic nodules, including giant masses, thus suggesting new hypotheses and direction to therapeutic conduct. (author)

  13. Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: A Case Report

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    Z Basirat

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Introduction & Objective: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare but sometimes fatal form of heart failure during the period of 1 month antepartum to 5 months postpartum. The aim of this report is to assess the clinical presentation, management and crucial role of echocardiography in women with peripartum cardiomyopathy. Case: A 22 year-old woman, with previously healthy primipara, was admitted to the emergency ward with sever dyspnea, cough, and bloody hemoptesis and a preliminary diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE two weeks after cesarean section. Neither perfusion scintigaphy nor Doppler sonography test of lower extremities and pelvis showed any evidence of PE or deep venous thrombosis. Echocardiography revealed features of left ventricular failure. A diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy was made, appropriate treatment was administered and the patient improved. Conclusion: It is possible to misdiagnose peripartum cardiomyopathy with PE. Echocardiography is a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis. As a noninvasive procedure, it should be performed at the bedside as soon as possible to introduce proper treatment and to avoid potentially fatal errors.

  14. CASE REPORT OF HETEROTAXY SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Kumar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Heterotaxy is defined as abnormality where the internal organs demonstrate abnormal arrangement across the left - right axis of the body. This broad term includes patient with a wide variety of very complex cardiac lesions. Patients with hetrotaxy can be stratified into the subset of asplenia syndrome and polyasplenia syndrome, or the subset of heterotaxy with isomerism of the right atrial appendages and hetrotaxy with isomerism of left atrial appendages. Malposition of internal organs is a rare condition in clinical practice. Situs ambiguous is characterized by multiple congenital anomally relevant to intra - abdominal organs and cardiovascular surgery. Situs ambiguous with asplenia is associated with severe congenital heart disease and detected early , usually in the first year of lif e, while situs ambiguous polyasplenia is associated with less severe or no congenital heart disease and would be detected more often later in life. In this report, we present an adolescent case of situs ambiguous anomally which was diagnosed incidentally. The patient had left sided liver, multiple splenicule and interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC. Furthermore she had a history of genu valgum which was diagnosed as rickets, and corrective surgery for this was done at the age of 11 years.

  15. Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoshnevisan A

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia is defined as a prominent elongation, dilatation and tortuosity of the vertebral and basilar arteries. Ectatic basilar arteries may cause different neurological symptoms by several mechanisms including compressive effects and embolic or ischemic events."n "nCase presentation: In this report we present a 58-year old female patient who was admitted in Dr. Shariati General Hospital in Tehran, Iran with complaints of dysarthria, vertigo, ataxia and nausea. Neuro-imaging procedures (brain CT scan, CT angiography, and an MRI study of the blood vessels or MRA were performed. Dilation and elongation, as well as tortuosity of the vertebral and basilar arteries revealed the diagnosis of vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. The patient was discharged from the hospital following the control of underlying diseases and neurological symptoms related to dolichoectasia without undergoing any invasive procedures."n "nConclusion: Paying attention to any minor or major neurological symptoms, as well as underlying medical conditions along with the conservative control of symptoms can be most helpful. Invasive interventions in a chronically ill patient can be very risky, therefore, medical management including control of associated or underlying diseases is recommended as the first line of treatment.

  16. GM1 gangliosidosis: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obradović Slobodan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Gangliosidoses occur due to inhereted deficiency of human β - galaktosidase,resulting in the accumulation of glicophyngolipides within the lisosomes. Clinical manifestations of lysosomal storage disorders are remarkably heterogeneous, they can appear at any age and each of them can vary from mild to severe conditions. Case report. We present a patient with an early, infintile type of GM1 gangliosidosis. The facial features were coarse: hypertelorismus, wide nose, depressed nasal bridge with lingual protrusion. From the very first months of life she had severe generalized hypotonic, delayed development and hapatosplenomegaly. Before she died, when she was 13 months old, she had not had any spontaneus movements, she was deaf and blind, dispnoic, with apnoiccrises, with amimic face, but without seizures and decerebrate rigidity, which often accompanies the terminal stage of this illness. Conclusion. The absence of β-galaktosidase enzyme activaty at the skin fibroblasts confirmed the definitive diagnosis. There has been no successful treatment so far, but increasingly better results of the gene therapy for other lysosomal storage disorders can make us optimistic.

  17. Accidental methanol ingestion: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakker Jan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The incidence of methanol (CH3OH intoxication differs enormously from country to country. Methanol intoxication is extremely rare in the Dutch population. Even a low dose can already be potentially lethal. Patients are conventionally treated with hemodialysis. Therefore we'd like to present a report of a foreign sailor in Rotterdam who accidentally caused himself severe methanol intoxication, with a maximum measured concentration of 4.4 g/L. Case presentation The patient presented with hemodynamic instability and severe metabolic acidosis with pH 6.69. The anion gap was 39 mmol/L and the osmol gap 73 mosmol/kg. Treatment with ethanol and continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVH-DF was initiated. Despite the hemodynamic instability it is was possible to achieve rapid correction of pH and methanol concentration with CVVH-DF while maintaining a stable and therapeutic ethanol serum concentration. Despite hemodynamic and acid-base improvement, our patient developed massive cerebral edema leading to brain death. Permission for organ donation was unfortunately not ascertained. Conclusions We conclude that in a hemodynamic instable situation high methanol concentrations and methanol-induced derangements of homeostasis are safely and effectively treated with CVVH-DF and that severe cerebral edema is another possible cause of death rather than the classical bleeding in the putamen area.

  18. Case Report: Hyponatremia in a Marathoner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Paul B; And Others

    1988-01-01

    The first reported case of hyponatremia from participation in endurance running of marathon distance is discussed. Nine earlier cases occurring in subjects who endured greater distances are summarized. Symptoms and treatment of the 21-year-old subject of this case report are presented and preventive measures recommended for endurance-event…

  19. Infected Complex Odontoma: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Damodar, Shanthala; Veena KM; Chatra, Laxmikanth; Shenai, Prashanth; Rao, Prasanna Kumar; Prabhu, Rachana V.; Kushraj, Tashika; Shetty, Prathima; Hameed, Shaul

    2015-01-01

    Odontoma represent a hamartomatous malformation. They are usually asymptomatic and are diagnosed on routine radiological examination. Infection of an odontome is very uncommon. Few cases of infected odontoma are reported in the literature. We report a special case of infected complex odontoma and perforation of the cheeks with a tooth impacted upon along with computed tomographic (CT) image. Thus, making the present case unusual.

  20. Sacral Rachipagus Parasite: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Nain Rattan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We are reporting a case of sacral rachipagus parasite which was vaginally delivered as a large irregular mass attached to the sacral region by a vascular pedicle. This case was managed successfully by surgical excision of parasite.

  1. Sacral Rachipagus Parasite: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rattan, Kamal Nain; Singh, Jasbir; Dalal, Poonam; Sonika, Pallavi; Rattan, Ananta

    2016-01-01

    We are reporting a case of sacral rachipagus parasite which was vaginally delivered as a large irregular mass attached to the sacral region by a vascular pedicle. This case was managed successfully by surgical excision of parasite.

  2. The case for the case report: refine to save.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lennon, P

    2012-01-31

    INTRODUCTION: The case report is the cornerstone of both medical teaching and writing. However, during recent years the value of the case report has been questioned, so much so that it has been abandoned by many journals. The aim of this study was to assess case reports published by the Irish Journal of Medical Science (IJMS) and to examine ways to preserve this type of article. METHODS: A review of all single-patient case reports published in the IJMS in 2008 and 2009. RESULTS: Forty-eight cases were published from nine countries. The range of authors was 2-11, length 525-1,787 words and number of references 4-24. All cases contained abstracts. CONCLUSION: Stricter guidelines with regards to a shorter more focused article should help to preserve this form of publication.

  3. Sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atamanalp, Sabri Selcuk; Kisaoglu, Abdullah; Ozogul, Bunyami; Kantarci, Mecit; Disci, Esra; Bulut, O Hakan; Aksungur, Nurhak; Atamanalp, Refik Selim

    2015-02-01

    Sigmoid volvulus during pregnancy is a rare complication, and as of 2012, fewer than 100 cases had been reported. In this report, we present a 30 year-old pregnant woman with sigmoid volvulus, and we discuss this rare entity.

  4. Sigmoid Volvulus Complicating Pregnancy: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Atamanalp, Sabri Selcuk; Kisaoglu, Abdullah; Ozogul, Bunyami; Kantarci, Mecit; Disci, Esra; Bulut, O. Hakan; Aksungur, Nurhak; ATAMANALP, Refik Selim

    2015-01-01

    Sigmoid volvulus during pregnancy is a rare complication, and as of 2012, fewer than 100 cases had been reported. In this report, we present a 30 year-old pregnant woman with sigmoid volvulus, and we discuss this rare entity.

  5. When to write a neurology case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rison, Richard A; Shepphird, Jennifer Kelly; Beydoun, Said R

    2016-04-06

    Case report publication has seen a resurgence in recent years as awareness of the value of case reports in clinical medicine has grown. Not all areas of medical research are amenable to large clinical trials. Many topics are better addressed by more detailed descriptions of multi-factorial components that contribute to outcomes, and these are areas where case reports shine. Determining the suitability of a case for publication requires background research and discussion. Writing a case or series reinforces many aspects of the medical training process, and house staff are encouraged to research, write, and submit reports. The medical community benefits in many ways from case reports, from improving individual patient care to guiding future research directions.

  6. Case report and review of lumbar hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walgamage, Thilan B; Ramesh, B S; Alsawafi, Yaqoob

    2015-01-01

    Lumbar hernias are uncommon and about 300 cases have been reported till date. They commonly occur due to trauma, surgery and infection. They are increasingly being reported after motor vehicle collision injuries. However, spontaneous lumbar hernias are rare and are reported infrequently. It is treated with different surgical approaches and methods. We report a case of primary spontaneous lumbar hernia which was repaired by transperitonial laparoscopic approach using Vypro (polypropylene/polyglactin) mesh and covered with a peritoneal flap.

  7. Incidental Anterior Cruciate Ligament Calcification: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Hisami; Fischer, Hans

    2016-03-01

    The calcification of knee ligaments is a finding noted only in a handful of case reports. The finding of an anterior cruciate ligament calcification has been reported once in the literature. Comparable studies involving the posterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament and an ossicle within the anterior cruciate ligament are likewise discussed in reports of symptomatic patients. We report a case of incidentally discovered anterior cruciate ligament calcification. We discuss the likely etiology and clinical implications of this finding.

  8. Emphysematous cystitis: 3 cases report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chun, Ho Jong; Byun, Jae Young; Lee, Jae Moon; Ro, Hee Jung; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic University Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-09-15

    Emphysematous cystitis is a rare condition characterized by gas collection in the wall and lumen of the bladder. We experienced three cases of emphysematous cystitis. All patients were female; one was associated with a long term history of diabetes mellitus and another with urinary indwelling catheter. All of the cases were easily diagnosed on plain radiograph and CT scan, and were successfully treated with antibiotic therapy. In one of the cases, however, associated abscess due to perivesical extension of inflammation was treated by combined external drainage.

  9. Abdominal pregnancy- a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okafor, Ii; Ude, Ac; Aderibigbe, Aso; Amu, Oc; Udeh, Pe; Obianyo, Nen; Ani, Coc

    2011-01-01

    A case of abdominal pregnancy in a 39 year old female gravida 4, para 0(+3) is presented. Ultrasonography revealed a viable abdominal pregnancy at 15 weeks gestational age. She was initially managed conservatively. Surgical intervention became necessary at 20 weeks gestational age following Ultrasound detection of foetal demise. The maternal outcome was favourable. This case is presented to highlight the dilemma associated with diagnosis and management of abdominal pregnancy with a review of literature.

  10. Toxoplasmosis Neuroretinitis: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Neuroretinitis (NR) is considered to be an inflammatory condition which is characterized by optic disc edema and, as a result, formation of a macular star figure. NR is an atypical presentation of toxoplasmosis infection, and such cases are quite rare. Case Presentation A 13-year-old girl presented with painless subacute visual loss in her right eye for a week at Khatam-Al-Anbia eye hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Following comprehensive evaluation, a diagnosis of toxoplasmic NR was m...

  11. Large erupting complex odontoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vengal, Manoj; Arora, Honey; Ghosh, Sujoy; Pai, Keerthilatha M

    2007-03-01

    Odontomas are the most common odontogenic tumours. They are usually asymptomatic and are often discovered during routine radiography. We report a case of a large erupting complex odontoma that caused pain, infection and facial asymmetry. This case is significant as there are few reports of complex odontoma erupting in the oral cavity.

  12. Histoplasma capsulatum sinusitis: case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Marcelle D; Pinheiro, Lia; Manica, Denise; Fogliatto, Laura M; Fraga, Christina; Goldani, Luciano Z

    2011-01-01

    Histoplasma capsulatum has not typically been associated with sinusitis in either immunocompetent or immunocompromised hosts. We report a case of sinusitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and discuss the reported cases of this rare clinical manifestation of histoplasmosis in the medical literature.

  13. The Danish National Case Study Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    Three case studies from Danish science shops within the environmental field are analysed with respect to societal background, interaction between the involved actors and the societal impact of the co-operation. The report is one of the seven national case study reports from the EU...

  14. Primary cardiac hemangioendothelioma: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Li-feng; LIU Ming; ZHU Hong; HAN Wei; HU Cheng-yi; QI Ji-ping; MEI Huan-lin; GE Re-le; ZHOU Min

    2006-01-01

    @@ Primary cardiac hemangioendothelioma is extremely rare.1-3 Up to now less than twenty cases have been reported in English literature, the data about this kind of cardiac tumors are scanty. In this report, a case of a huge hemangio-endothelioma that arose from the right atrium and was successfully resected is presented.

  15. Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma: Report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akindayo O Akinyamoju

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS is a rare odontogenic malignancy with benign epithelial and malignant ectomesenchymal components. About 66 cases have been reported in the medical literature. We therefore report an additional case as well as a review of literature to add to the existing knowledge on this rare lesion.

  16. Costello Syndrome. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadelis Maldonado Martínez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Costello syndrome is an extremely rare multisystem congenital disorder; only about 250 cases have been described in the literature. Its inheritance pattern is considered to be autosomal dominant, although most cases are sporadic, suggesting de novo dominant mutations. The case of a 7-year-old patient from the Frank País municipality in Holguín with clinical manifestations consistent with Costello syndrome is presented. The clinical study and description of his physical characteristics were performed, detecting as main distinctive features: storage disease-like phenotype, failure to thrive, congenital heart disease, coarse facies, mental retardation and humorous personality. Early diagnosis allows early stimulation and intervention, active screening for tumor lesions, as well as provision of genetic counselling to patients.

  17. Thoracic endometriosis: 3 case reports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Ying-na; Lang Jing-he; Zhu Lan

    2006-01-01

    Abstract:Thoracic endometriosis is a rare disorder. It can be divided into pleural and pulmonary parenchymal endometriosis according to the site of the lesion. In this article 3 typical cases of thoracic endometriosis (case 1 is pleural endometriosis, case 2 and 3 are pulmonary parenchymal endometriosis) were described, and the various presentations, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapies of thoracic endometriosis were reviewed. The pathogenesis of thoracic endometriosis has not been established clearly yet. Recurrent right-sided pneumothorax or hemoptysis that occurs within days of the onset of menstruation is the most common manifestation. The correlation between the patient's symptoms and menses is essential to establish the diagnosis. Radiographic studies, bronchoscopy, and thoracoscopy may support the diagnosis. Pathologic evidence is not present universally. Therapeutic interventions include medical and surgical options, which should be individualized for each patient.

  18. Glucagonoma syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Bernardo Carmen M

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Glucagonoma syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of one in 20 million, characterized by necrolytic migratory erythema, hyperglucagonemia, diabetes mellitus, anemia, weight loss, glossitis, cheilitis, steatorrhea, diarrhea, venous thrombosis and neuropsychiatric disturbances in the setting of a glucagon-producing alpha-cell tumor of the pancreas. Necrolytic migratory erythema is the presenting manifestation in the majority of cases, so its early suspicion and correct diagnosis is a key factor in the management of the patient. Case presentation We present the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian woman with glucagonoma syndrome due to an alpha-cell tumor located in the tail of the pancreas, successfully treated with surgical resection. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of the unusual initial manifestations of glucagonoma. Early diagnosis allows complete surgical resection of the neoplasm and provides the only chance of a cure.

  19. BCG induced granulomatous prostatitis ; a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Min Hoan; Seong, Chang Kyu; Lee, Kyoung Ho; Kim, Seung Hyup [College of Medicine and the Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-04-01

    Granulomatous prostatitis was relatively uncommon until the introduction of intravesical BCG for the treament of bladder cancer. Since that time, there has been an increase in the number of cases of granulomatous prostatitis, but the domestic literature contains no report. We recently encountered a classic case of BCG induced granulomatous prostatitis and describe this case, including its radiologic findings. (author)=20.

  20. Breast cancer in pregnancy: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kondamudi Vasantha

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This case report is about a case of breast cancer in pregnancy at the Brooklyn hospital Center. Our patient`s case highlights some of the inherent causes of fatality in PABC and how to thread the line between the mother's health and the baby's safety to ensure a good outcome for both parties.

  1. New journals for publishing medical case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akers, Katherine G

    2016-04-01

    Because they do not rank highly in the hierarchy of evidence and are not frequently cited, case reports describing the clinical circumstances of single patients are seldom published by medical journals. However, many clinicians argue that case reports have significant educational value, advance medical knowledge, and complement evidence-based medicine. Over the last several years, a vast number (∼160) of new peer-reviewed journals have emerged that focus on publishing case reports. These journals are typically open access and have relatively high acceptance rates. However, approximately half of the publishers of case reports journals engage in questionable or "predatory" publishing practices. Authors of case reports may benefit from greater awareness of these new publication venues as well as an ability to discriminate between reputable and non-reputable journal publishers.

  2. Granulomatous orchitis - a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin M Gadgil

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Clinically seminoma and granulomatous orchitis are difficult to separate. The present case highlights this aspect. 50-year-old male presented with mass & pain in right testis since 6 to 8 months. Right testis was enlarged, hard & tender: Laboratory investigations were within normal limits. Orchiectomy specimen revealed homogenous appearance with yellow grey colour Sections studied showed multiple non-caseating granulomas mainly within seminiferous tubules. Differential diagnosis of non-caseating granulomas mainly includes sarcoidosis & granulomatous orchitis. Restriction of granulomas to seminiferous tubules as in our case is a characteristic feature of granulomatous orchitis.

  3. Secretory breast cancer. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardi, A; Maggi, S; Bersigotti, L; Lazzarin, G; Nuccetelli, E; Amanti, C

    2013-04-01

    Secretory carcinoma of the breast is a rare tumor initially described in children but occurring equally in adult population. This unusual breast cancer subtype has a generally favorable prognosis, although several cases have been described in adults with increased aggressiveness and a risk of metastases. However, surgery is still considered the most appropriate treatment for this pathology. We describe the case of a 50 -year-old woman who has undergone a breast conservative surgery for a little tumor, preoperatively diagnosticated by a fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) as a well differentiated infiltrating carcinoma.

  4. Infected Complex Odontoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanthala Damodar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Odontoma represent a hamartomatous malformation. They are usually asymptomatic and are diagnosed on routine radiological examination. Infection of an odontome is very uncommon. Few cases of infected odontoma are reported in the literature. We report a special case of infected complex odontoma and perforation of the cheeks with a tooth impacted upon along with computed tomographic (CT image. Thus, making the present case unusual. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(2.000: 379-383

  5. Traumatic globe luxation: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekta Kumari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Globe luxation is a rare clinical event. Most of the cases are usually traumatic, although spontaneous globe luxation has also been reported. The majority of the posttraumatic cases are usually associated with the injury or fracture of the bony orbit. We report here a case of globe luxation that occurred per se without any injury to the orbital or maxillo-facial bony structures.

  6. Amyand's hernia: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sofia Anagnostopoulou; Dimitrios Dimitroulis; Theodore G Troupis; Maria Allamani; Alexandros Paraschos; Antonios Mazarakis; Nikolaos I Nikiteas; Alkiviadis Kostakis

    2006-01-01

    The presence of vermiform appendix in inguinal hernia is rare and is known as Amyand's hernia. We report an Amyand's hernia, where the appendix was found in a right inguinal hernia in one male cadaver aged ninety two years.

  7. "Tarantula keratitis": a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McAnena, L

    2013-09-01

    A case of an 11-year-old boy presenting with a two-week history of a red, irritated right eye after handling a Chilean Rose Tarantula at an exotic pet exhibition. Examination revealed innumerable microscopic hairs embedded at all levels of the cornea. He was commenced on steroid drops with subjective and objective improvement at follow up.

  8. Evans Syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Porcaro

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of a 14-years old caucasian female affected by autoimmune hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids. Nevertheless, neutropenia occurred during follow-up period. Positivity of direct antiglobulin test and sieric anti-neutrophil antibodies suggested the diagnosis of Evans syndrome trilineage.

  9. Dengue encephalitis -a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    P.C.Bhattacharyya; Jagdish Prasad Agarwal

    2009-01-01

    Encephalitis is an uncommon manifestation of dengue fever.Here we present a 4 years old female child from Northeast Region of India who suffered from dengue encephalitis.To our knowledge,this is probably the first diagnosed case of dengue fever from this region.

  10. [Intraabdominal paraganglioma--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordeanu, C; Mărginean, A

    2011-01-01

    Paraganglioma is a rare neuroendocrine neoplasm that may develop in the head, neck, torax or abdomen, with a not specified symptoms and the accurate diagnose is established histopathological. The authors present a case of one intraabdominal paraganglioma, incidentally found during ultrasonographic evaluation and diagnose with histopathological examination of excised pieces.

  11. Tuberculous Osteopathy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. MAZAHER

    1971-07-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of tuberculosis of many bones (skull, ribs and pubis is described. There was also paravertebral cold abscess with fistulisation opened to groin region; no lesions were seen in lungs, urinary or gastrointestinal tracts. The response to medical treatment was favourable.

  12. Chondroblastoma of rib : case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Hun; Kim, Kyung Rae; Ryu, Sang Wan [Kwangju Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    Chondroblastoma is an uncommon, benign, cartilaginous neoplasm originating in an epiphysis or apophysis of a long tubular bone. The rib is an unusual site for chondroblastoma. The authors describe a case of chondroblastoma of the rib and present a brief review of the literature.

  13. Delleman (Oculocerebrocutaneous Syndrome: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ortiz-Basso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Delleman syndrome is an unusual entity, characterized by ocular cysts or microphthalmia, focal dermal anomalies and cerebral malformations. In the following article, we carry out a review of the disease and we present the case of a patient with microphthalmos and palpebral coloboma. As we could not put orbital expanders at an early stage, we performed reconstructive surgery.

  14. Plunging Ranula: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    F. R. Karjodkar; Ambika Gupta

    2011-01-01

    Plunging ranulas, also known as deep, diving, cervical or deep plunging ranula, usually appear in conjunction with oral ranula. Rarely, these ranulas may arise independent of oral swelling. A rare case of plunging ranula without oral swelling is discussed along with review of literature.

  15. [Saint Louis encephalitis: case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carballo, Carolina; Cabana, Magdalena; Ledezma, Francisca; Pascual, Carolina; Cazes, Claudia; Mistchenko, Alicia; López, Eduardo

    2016-08-01

    Saint Louis encephalitis is transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. In Argentina sporadic cases are registered. Symptomatic illness is unusual in children. We present a case of meningoencephalitis caused by an uncommon viral infection. The clinical signs and symptoms are unusual for pediatric patients and the bilateral thalamic compromise showed on magnetic resonance has not been described previously. An 8-year-old girl consulted due to fever, behavior disorders and ataxia. Clonus and neck stiffness were detected at physical exam. Cerebrospinal fluid revealed mononuclear leukocytosis; bilateral ischemic compromise was observed in thalamus by magnetic resonance. Saint Louis virus was confirmed by serology: serum and cerebrospinal fluid IgM were positive during the acute phase of the disease and serum IgG was positive four weeks later. Most of the signs and symptoms of the disease were resolved, however mild behavior disorders were observed as acute sequelae up to 45 days after hospital discharge.

  16. Brucellosis - diagnostic dilemma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojić Biljana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a case of a 20-year old student from Belgrade, who was admitted to the Institute of Infectious Diseases with fever, muscle and spine pains, strong headacke and malice. During the clinical examination bilateral sacroileitis was found. Serological analyses confirmed brucellosis. Epidemiological data showed that she lived in Kosovo and Metohia in 1997, where she consumed diary products from domestic animals this might be the reason of the acquired infection. With appropriate antibiotic therapy (aminoglycoside, doxicyclin, rifampicin, symptomatic therapy and rehabilitation the disease had favorable outcome; there was no recidive. The authors point out the importance of specific microbiological examinations of patients with fever of unknown origin, especially if the patient has the symptoms that are compatible with brucellosis. In our case it was sacroileitis, as a characteristic complication. As brucellosis is endemic in some parts of our country, there is always a possibility of brucellosis in general medical practice.

  17. Implant periapical lesion. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Venetis, Fotis Iordanidis, Paraskevi Giovani, Lambros Zouloumis

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Ιmplant periapical lesion (IPL is probably not a uniform entity in all cases presented in the literature. Asseptic bone necrosis may be a cause for some of the IPLs, whilst the presence of microorganisms is not always detectable with conventional methods. A case of IPL in a male patient who underwent an extraction of 12 tooth and an immediate implantation at this site is presented. Eight months postoperatively, an IPL was revealed on radiologic examination. After surgical exploration, the IPL was removed and examined histologically and microbiologically. The implant was replaced with a longer one and a bone regeneration procedure was simultaneously carried out. From the study of the lesion and the patient’s followup, infection cannot be considered as primary cause information of presented IPL, but literature data suggests that classic histology and microbiology cannot exclude infection from IPL causatives.

  18. Occipital Neuralgia. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urbano Solis Cartas

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Occipital neuralgia or Arnold's neuralgia is a rare condition that primarily affects women. There are multiple causes that can trigger this disorder, which is clinically characterized by the presence of pain of varying intensity, characteristic radiation of pain and presence of trigger points. Occipital nerve block can be an important element in the diagnosis of the condition. The intensity, frequency and characteristics of pain can considerably limit the perception of quality of life of patients who suffer from it. The case of a 57-year-old patient with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis and symptoms compatible with occipital neuralgia is presented. This case is of interest given the frequent emergency department visits by patients with neck pain and the scarcity of studies on this condition

  19. Marjolin's Ulcer. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Morales Piñeiro

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Marjolin's ulcer is rare and aggressive cutaneous malignancy that develops in previously traumatized or chronically inflamed skin. We present the case of a 43-year-old white man suffering from an exophytic bleeding ulcerated lesion on the distal third of the left leg where he already had a large scar from a compound fracture of the tibia and fibula complicated with chronic osteomyelitis. Surgical excision and biopsy were performed, showing a squamous cell carcinoma consistent with Marjolin's ulcer. We decided to present this case given the rare occurrence of the disease. We concluded that patients with this type of lesion should be subject to periodic examinations to prevent or treat potential recurrences.

  20. MLASA SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

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    R. Fallah

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractMitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of oxidative phosphorylation and iron metabolism. The association between myopathy and sideroblastic anemia was initially reported in 1974. Here we report an 8.5 year old boy with normal cognitive function, suffering from chronic progressive weakness in his lower extremities, inability to walk and palor. Microcytic sideroblastic anemia, mild lactic acidosis and inflammatory myopathy (myositis in muscle biopsy was detected and treated; the response to corticosteroid therapy and rehabilitation was excellent and the patient was ambulatory after four months.

  1. MLASA SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Fallah

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of oxidative phosphorylation and iron metabolism. The association between myopathy and sideroblastic anemia was initially reported in 1974. Here we report an 8.5 year old boy with normal cognitive function, suffering from chronic progressive weakness in his lower extremities, inability to walk and palor. Microcytic sideroblastic anemia, mild lactic acidosis and inflammatory myopathy (myositis in muscle biopsy was detected and treated; the response to corticosteroid therapy and rehabilitation was excellent and the patient was ambulatory after four months.Keywords:Sideroblastic anemia, Mitochondrial myopathy, Lactic acidosis

  2. Sheehan's syndrome: a case report

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    Shazia Ashraf Khan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Sheehans syndrome or necrosis of pituitary gland is a rare complication of postpartum haemorrhage, initially described in 1937. Sheehans syndrome though rare is still one of the commonest causes of hypopituitarism in developing countries like ours. We present a case of young lady with this syndrome who presented with classical symptoms of hypopituitarism within 1 year of her delivery which was complicated by postpartum haemorrhage. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(9.000: 3221-3222

  3. Brucellosis - diagnostic dilemma: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bojić Biljana; Vujošević Milica; Nikolić Svetlana; Dulović Olga; Grebenarević Jelica; Milinković Zoran; Gvozdenović Jasna J.

    2002-01-01

    The authors present a case of a 20-year old student from Belgrade, who was admitted to the Institute of Infectious Diseases with fever, muscle and spine pains, strong headacke and malice. During the clinical examination bilateral sacroileitis was found. Serological analyses confirmed brucellosis. Epidemiological data showed that she lived in Kosovo and Metohia in 1997, where she consumed diary products from domestic animals this might be the reason of the acquired infection. With appropriate ...

  4. Case report: Periorbital intraosseous hemangiomas

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    Fabrício Guimarães Gonçalves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas are hamartomatous proliferation of vessels. Intraosseous hemangiomas of the facial bones are rare and most commonly involve the zygoma, maxilla, mandible, and the nasal bones. A "sunburst" pattern is a typical appearance on CT scan and MRI and therefore a biopsy is not always necessary. Surgery is usually performed in symptomatic cases. The authors describe five typical periorbital intraosseous hemangiomas with a brief review of literature.

  5. True Hermaphrodite: A Case Report

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    Muhammad Zafar Iqbal

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available True hermaphrodite is one of the rarest variety of disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD and represents only 5% cases of all. A 3-year-old child presented with left sided undescended testis and penoscrotal hypospadias. Chordee correction was performed 18 months back, elsewhere. At laparotomy Mullerian structures were present on left side. On right side testis was normally descended into the scrotum.

  6. Crystal bones. A case report

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    Alexander Torres Molina

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available There is a case still on milk with clinical and radiological manifestations with the diagnosis of imperfect osteogenesis. There was a study with the clinical description of the external habit, detecting triangular facie, slight blue sclera, ligamentous hypelaxitud in hands and feet, pectus excavatum, arrosariated ribs, legs in abduction, keeping a right angle and diafisiary fractures of long bones. The parents clinical study was normal. The typification was according Sillence criteria of Type III.

  7. Fibular hemimelia: a case report

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    Kim, Byung Joon; Hong, Suk Joo; Kim, Kyung Min; Seol, Hae Young; Cha, In Ho; Song, Hae Ryong [Korea University Gu-ro Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-11-15

    Fibular hemimelia is the most common congenital absence or hypoplasia of long bone. In addition to fibular absence or hypoplasia, this entity also includes various combined abnormalities of the lower limbs. We present here three cases of fibular hemimelia who underwent diagnosis and treatment in our hospital. We especially focus on the imaging findings of the plain radiographs, and we compare them with the findings found at another presentation.

  8. Traumatic reticulopericarditis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Fernández, Gabriel; Murillo Herrera, Jaime; Hueckman Voss, Frank; Romero Zúñiga, Juan José

    2017-01-01

    Traumatic reticuloperitonitis is a disease that can severely affect cattle by producing important chronic effects leading to decreased productive performance and early culling. The ingestion of sharp objects, which can cause reticuloperitonitis as a primary cause, is the primary factor. Conditions such as ruminal contractions and the pressure of the gravid uterus may favor the disease. This paper describes clinical aspects and post-mortem findings of a case of reticuloperitonitis in an eight-...

  9. Rhinoentomophthoromycosis: A rare case report

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    S Agrawal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Entomophthoromycosis is chronic granulomatous fungal infection with varied presentation as subcutaneous,mucocutaneous and visceral infections. The majority of the subcutaneous infection caused by entomophthoralean fungi involves Basidiobolus spp, C. coronatus, or C. incongruous. A case of rhinoentomophthoromycosis in an immunocompetent male involving maxillary sinus and nose is presented. The patient was clinically diagnosed as malignancy of nose but microscopy and histopathology of the aspirate clinched the diagnosis. The patient responded to antifungal therepy.

  10. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa: four case reports

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    Ahmad Ibne

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare cause of gigantism of limb which can be confused with other common causes like congenital lymphedema. It presents usually with loss of function and cosmetic problems. Four cases are described with emphasis on clinical presentation, differential diagnoses, imaging and treatment options. Methods & Results Four patients of macrodystrophia lipomatosa were thoroughly examined and subjected to investigations. Conclusion Besides diligent clinical examination, imaging and histopathology are crucial in clinching the diagnosis.

  11. Progeria syndrome: A case report

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    Rastogi Rajul

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Progeria is a rare and peculiar combination of dwarfism and premature aging. The incidence is one in several million births. It occurs sporadically and is probably an autosomal recessive syndrome. Though the clinical presentation is usually typical, conventional radiological and biochemical investigations help in confirming the diagnosis. We present a rare case of progeria with most of the radiological features as a pictorial essay.

  12. Prostatic cryptococcosis: a case report

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    M. R. Chang

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Cryptococcosis is a systemic mycosis usually affecting immunodeficient individuals. In contrast, immunologically competent patients are rarely affected. Dissemination of cryptococcosis usually involves the central nervous system, manifesting as meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Prostatic lesions are not commonly found. A case of prostate cryptococcal infection is presented and cases of prostatic cryptococcosis in normal and immunocompromised hosts are reviewed. A fifty-year-old HIV-negative man with urinary retention and renal insufficiency underwent prostatectomy due to massive enlargement of the organ. Prostate histopathologic examination revealed encapsulated yeast-like structures. After 30 days, the patient's clinical manifestations worsened, with headache, neck stiffness, bradypsychia, vomiting and fever. Direct microscopy of the patient's urine with China ink preparations showed capsulated yeasts, and positive culture yielded Cryptococcus neoformans. This fungus was later isolated from cerebrospinal fluid and blood cultures, demonstrating thus its dissemination. The patient was discharged after 27 days in hospital and, despite a regimen of amphotericin B, he died four months later. This case points to cryptococcosis as a possible cause of prostatic disease and reinforces the importance of communication between the medical team and pathology and microbiology laboratories aiming at a more accurate diagnosis and successful treatment.

  13. RETROCAVAL URETER: A CASE REPORT

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    Deepak

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A Retrocaval Ureter ( Circumcaval Ureter is a developmental anamoly of inferior vena cava (IVC. Unfortunately both term suggest that ureter is at fault whereas in reality it is the IVC. There are two types of retrocavalureter.ie. T he high loop and low loop. This abnormality occurs as a result of the right supracardinal system failing to develop normally. The right posterior C a rdinal ve in persists and therefore ends up passing in front of ureter. With one exception, the anamoly always occurs on right side as this is the site of normal IVC. Many patients are asymptomatic but depending on the degree of compression, patients may develop partial ureteral obstruction or recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI due to urinary stasis. Though congenital anamoly , patients do not present until 3rd to 4 t h decade of life resulting from hydronephrosis (HDN. Surgical correction of the ureteric anamoly anterior to IVC can be performed in these cases. This case describes a case of retrocaval ureter in a 27year old female with recurrent UTI and flank pain in which open surgical uretero - ureteric anastomosi s (uretero - ureterostomy was done with excision of retrocaval part of ureter.

  14. Neurocutaneous Melanosis: A Case Report

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    Seo, Yoon Nae; Jeong, Hae Woong; In, Hyun Sin [Dept. of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of a large or multiple congenital melanocytic nevus with proliferation of melanocytes in the central nervous system. The prognosis of neurocutaneous melanosis is extremely poor and its diagnostic approach requires understanding its brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. We report a patient with asymptomatic neurocutaneous melanosis and its radiologic findings.

  15. Primary acalvaria: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rios, Livia Teresa Moreira, E-mail: ltlrios@terra.com.b [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Sao Luis, MA (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Unidade de Diagnostico por Imagem; Martins, Marilia da Gloria [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Sao Luis, MA (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Servico de Ginecologia e Obstetricia; Simoes, Vanda Maria Ferreira; Nunes, Marynea do Vale; Marques, Patricia Franco; Godoy, Silvia Helena Cavalcante de Souza [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Sao Luis, MA (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Servico de Neonatologia

    2010-07-15

    Acalvaria is a rare congenital malformation of unknown pathogenesis characterized by the absence of the flat bones of the cranial vault, dura mater and associated muscles, while the central nervous system is usually preserved. The most accepted physiopathogenic theory suggests the presence of a post neurulation defect with normal placement the embryonic ectoderm. The present report describes neonatal imaging findings of primary acalvaria. (author)

  16. Erythrokeratodermia variabilis: Two case reports

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    Ayse Serap Karadag

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Erythrokeratodermia variabilis (EKV is a rare heterogeneous skin disorder. The classical EKV first described by Mendes da Costa is characterized by two types of skin lesions: (1 figurate hyperkeratotic plaques, and (2 transient erythematous areas. Herein, we report two patients presenting with erythematous and hyperkeratotic lesions that were histopathologically diagnosed with EKV.

  17. Erythrokeratodermia variabilis: Two case reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadag, Ayse Serap; Bilgili, Serap Gunes; Calka, Omer; Bayram, Irfan

    2013-01-01

    Erythrokeratodermia variabilis (EKV) is a rare heterogeneous skin disorder. The classical EKV first described by Mendes da Costa is characterized by two types of skin lesions: (1) figurate hyperkeratotic plaques, and (2) transient erythematous areas. Herein, we report two patients presenting with erythematous and hyperkeratotic lesions that were histopathologically diagnosed with EKV. PMID:24350021

  18. [Metallic mercury poisoning. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fichte, B; Ritzau, F; Assmann, H

    1984-02-01

    Intoxications by metallic mercury are extremely rare. Report of a patient, who tried to commit suicide by subcutaneous injection of 500 g of metallic mercury. He died 16 months later in the course of the intoxication. A short review is given of effects and reactions of metallic mercury in the human organism.

  19. About a Case Report of Giant Hydronephrosis

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    Enrique Mediavilla

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Our objective is to report a case of an infrequent entity as the giant hydronephrosis. Case Report. We report the case of an 82-syear-old male referred for a poor general condition. A radiological study revealed a great left hydronephrosis secondary to an urothelial carcinoma. The patient died due to his poor general condition. A histological diagnosis revealed a transitional cell carcinoma of renal pelvis and ureter and atrophic renal parenchyma. Conclusion. Giant hydronephrosis represents a very often entity to be taken into account in cases with big cystic abdominal masses in absence of unilateral or bilateral kidney. Simple nephrectomy is the treatment of choice in most cases. Nevertheless, in cases of nonsubsidiary surgery, percutaneous drainage may be necessary.

  20. Dental Trauma. A Case Report

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    Alain Soto Ugalde

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Dental traumas in children are common; therefore the dentist should be trained to solve them. This paper presents the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of a child with a 12 mm overjet, mouth breathing habit and bilabial incompetence who suffered a severe trauma to tooth number 11, causing its mobility. A splint was applied to the affected tooth and subsequently, a root canal filling was performed, all with a satisfactory outcome. Although these traumas are common, the presentation of this case is important due to its use in the teaching context.

  1. Cocaine cardiomyopathy: A case report

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    Georgiev Antonio

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Cocaine is the second most common illicit drug used and the most frequent cause of drug related deaths. The use of cocaine is associated with both, acute and chronic complications, that may involve any system, but the most common system affected is cardiovascular one. Cocaine cardiomyopathy may result from the use of cocaine. This article presents a first case in Republic of Macedonia of 24-year-old male with reversible cocaine-related cardiomyopathy. Clinical presentation, laboratory, X-ray, ultrasound findings and treatment are reviewed.

  2. Cherubism: Report of a case

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    Vikas Elias Kuruvilla

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cherubism is an uncommon fibro-osseous disorder of the jaw that presents with varying degrees of involvement and tendency towards spontaneous remission. Children are normal at birth and the expanding jaw is noticed within the first year of life becoming progressively larger until the beginning of adolescence. Lesions are characterized by replacement of bone with fibrovascular tissue containing abundant multinucleated giant cells. Here, we describe a case of cherubism in a 4-year-old child with swelling on both sides of mandible with clinic radiographic features and suggestions for therapy.

  3. [Juveline xanthogranuloma. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kansky, A; Arzensek, J

    1976-03-01

    A case of xanthogranuloma juvenile (the small papular form) in a six month-old boy is presented. Only cutanous lesions are seen and the child is of good health. On the scalp, trunk and limbs there are 17 yellowish pea-sized papules. Histopathology reveals a dense infiltrate in the dermis which is composed of histiocytes, a number of giant cells of the foreign-body type is also present. With Sudan III staining in some of the histiocytes small droplets of lipids are seen. Other laboratory investigations are within normal limits.

  4. Bladder diverticulitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silberman, Michael; Jeanmonod, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Bladder diverticulum, an outpouching of the mucosa through the muscular wall of the bladder, is a multifactorial disease process that can be either acquired or congenital. Although small diverticuli are usually asymptomatic, a large diverticulum may result in hematuria, urinary tract infection, acute abdomen due to its rupture, acute urinary retention, or neoplasm formation. We describe the case of an elderly gentleman who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and was ultimately diagnosed with bladder diverticulitis, a disease not previously described in the literature.

  5. Bladder Diverticulitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Silberman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Bladder diverticulum, an outpouching of the mucosa through the muscular wall of the bladder, is a multifactorial disease process that can be either acquired or congenital. Although small diverticuli are usually asymptomatic, a large diverticulum may result in hematuria, urinary tract infection, acute abdomen due to its rupture, acute urinary retention, or neoplasm formation. We describe the case of an elderly gentleman who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and was ultimately diagnosed with bladder diverticulitis, a disease not previously described in the literature.

  6. Somatoform salivary complaints. Case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Votta, Timothy J; Mandel, Louis

    2002-01-01

    Patients with salivary gland complaints are seen with a large array of signs and symptoms. Usually these patients have an underlying pathophysiological process that can account for their symptoms. However, in a significant number of patients, no known biological process can be found that would account for the patient's complaint. In such cases, somatization is a possible cause. Somatization is a frequently cited feature of patients with various forms of mental illness. In this paper, we will attempt to illustrate the classic signs of a somatoform disorder in three different patients whose diverse salivary complaints fulfill the criteria for a diagnosis of somatoform disease.

  7. Angioid streaks. A case report

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    Aimé Broche Hernández

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Angioid streaks are breaks in Bruch's membrane displayed at the bottom of the eye as orange or gray bands around the optic disc, and from that point on they extend radially. There are a number of diseases associated with the development of angioid streaks such as the pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Paget's disease, senile elastosis and hyperplastic fibrous dysplasia or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. A case of a patient with pseudoxanthoma elasticum who suffers from sudden loss of bilateral visual acuity after a facial trauma is presented.

  8. Amyand's Hernia. A Case Report

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    Raysy Sardiñas Ponce

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Presence of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac, with or without appendicitis, is called Amyand's hernia. It occurs in approximately 1% of inguinal hernia patients. It is more common in men and is frequently found on the right side due to the location of the appendix. Clinically, it presents as a complicated inguinal hernia causing symptoms such as fever or signs of mechanical intestinal obstruction, depending on the state of the appendix. The latter determines the type of surgical approach and hernia repair. The third Amyand's hernia case treated at the Enrique Cabrera Hospital is presented. The patient underwent an appendectomy and inguinal hernia repair with satisfactory outcomes

  9. Cutaneous actinomycosis. A case report

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    Tomasz Wasyłyszyn

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A 27 year old patient presented a swollen lesion in the right mandibular area. Prior to the visit the patient was diagnosed with acne and was treated for 6 consecutive months with oral limecycline with no positive response. During the visit the cervicofacial actinomycosis was diagnosed and the patient was administered treatment containing oral amoxycilin plus clavulanic acid among others. The skin lesion disappeared within three weeks. The authors discuss this case in spite of diagnostic difficulties of this uncommon condition, especially while differentiating from acne conglobata.

  10. Dengue myocarditis in Singapore: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, N; Gan, V C; Leo, Y-S

    2013-06-01

    The authors report two cases of complicated dengue viral infection with acute myocarditis involving young male adults, of which one was fatal. The first case presented with typical signs of myocardial disease: chest pain and diaphoresis with myocardial depression in the electrocardiograph. The second case deteriorated rapidly and demised within the first day of admission. Histology of the heart muscles showed multiple small foci of myocyte necrosis surrounded by lymphocytes, in keeping with viral myocarditis. Both cases fulfilled the World Health Organization (WHO) diagnosis of probable dengue: the first case had positive dengue serology, both IgM and IgG at day six of illness, and the second case was polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive for dengue and identified as serotype 2. Despite the severe outcome, both cases did not completely fulfil the criteria for dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF). Although severe cardiac impairment is not commonly reported in dengue infection, it can be life threatening.

  11. A case report of Thymolipoma

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    Jamali Zavarei M

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available A 30 years old female presented with dyspenea, tachycardia and post sternal pain of one year ago in ECG and echocardiography pericardial effusion is suggested there was a large mass M.20×12×5 cm in mediastinum in thymic zone and thymus was not present. The mass was well circumbscribed and encapsulated without invasion to other viscera. The pathology reported as a thymolipoma

  12. Eagle's syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Moon, Chang-Sig; Lee, Baek-Soo; Kwon, Yong-Dae; Choi, Byung-Jun; Lee, Jung-Woo; Lee, Hyun-Woo; Yun, Sun-Ung; Ohe, Joo-Young

    2014-01-01

    Eagle's syndrome is a disease caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Eagle defined the disorder in 1937 by describing clinical findings related to an elongated styloid process, which is one of the numerous causes of pain in the craniofacial and cervical region. The prevalence of individuals with this anatomic abnormality in the adult population is estimated to be 4% with 0.16% of these individuals reported to be symptomatic. Eagle's syndrome is usually charac...

  13. Heterotaxy syndrome: a case report

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    Daniel de Souza Carneiro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present report describes the findings at chest computed tomography angiography of a 28-year-old female patient with heterotaxy syndrome. This syndrome consists of a variety of anomalies of position and morphology of thoracoabdominal organs which do not follow the situs solitus or situs inversus arrangement. Imaging studies play a fundamental role in the individualization of the approach to the patient.

  14. Temporomandibular juxtaarticular chondroma: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez Mahía, Inés; López-Cedrún Cembranos, José Luis; Ferreras Granado, José; Lorenzo Franco, Fernanda

    2007-03-01

    Chondromas are benign tumours composed of mature hyaline cartilage. We present here the first case in the English language medical literature of juxtaarticular chondroma of the temporomandibular joint in the parotid region. Within the rarity of cartilage disorders of the temporo-mandibular joint (TMJ), this particular condition is a diagnostic curiosity. The patient, a 54 year old woman, presented a right preauricular tumour of 3.5 cm. which had been developing for 4 years. It was not painful but there was a recent symptomology of TMJ dysfunction, with pain and clicks. The diagnostic possibilities of a parotid pleomorphic adenoma and of a cartilage tumour of the TMJ suggested a difficult preoperative differential diagnosis, which influenced our approach regarding therapy. The tumour was excised, preserving the parotid gland. This enabled us to confirm the histological diagnosis of chondroma, composed solely of chondroide tissue. We have described the clinical characteristics of our case, and carried out a review of the relevant literature, emphasising the differential diagnoses.

  15. [Wilson's disease - a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karwowska, Kornelia; Skrzypek, Julita; Chabik, Grzegorz; Członkowska, Anna; Zaborowska, Marzena; Wawrzyniak, Sławomir

    2016-01-01

    Wilson's disease (WD) or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by mutations in the Wilson disease protein (ATP7B) gene. It is characterized by impaired copper metabolism leading to its accumulation in various tissues and organs, including the liver and central nervous system, this results in the development of characteristic liver disease and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Liver symptoms usually appear during first three decades of life, while psychiatric symptoms are observed in people who are in their twenties or older. WD is one of few genetic diseases that can be effectively treated with pharmacotherapy. However, some cases, especially diagnosed late in the course of the disease, may not respond well to treatment. Here we present a case of a 22-year-old male with neurological, psychiatric and liver disease symptoms as an example of diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in patients. Wilson's disease (WD) should be considered in all patients presenting with neurological, psychiatric and liver disease symptoms especially those of young age.

  16. Atypical pityriasis versicolor case report

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    Zonunsanga

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Pityriasis versicolor is a superficial fungal infection caused by mycelial form of Malassezia spp, which is confined to stratum corneum. It usually present in the trunk as either hypo or hyperpigmented, aymptomatic, round to oval macules of varying sizes, which may merged to form geographic shape. Diagnosis is usually done clinically, or KOH examination which shows typical spagetti and meat balls appearances, or even by wood’s lamp which shows orange to yellow fluorescence. The case series had been recording in between 2012 to 2013. Within that period, we had recorded 32 cases. All the patients which we had recorded presented with multiple, asymptomatic macules of small sizes varying from 1-2 cm in diameter to 3-4mm in diameter, usually round to oval, hypopigmented, non scaly lesions. 26 patients had lesions on forearms, 3 patients had lesions on dorsa of hands bilaterally, 3 patients had similar kind of lesions on thigh. Besnier’s test was positive in 14 (43.75% patients. KOH examinations showed fungal hyphae in 14 (33.33% patients with typical spagetti and meat balls appearances in 9 (8.13% patients. All of them were given and all of them got response and healed within 2-4 months.

  17. [Dentigerous cyst: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spini, Roxana G; Bordino, Lucas; Cruz, Daniel; Fitz Maurice, María de Los Ángeles; Martins, Andrea; Michalski, Julian

    2016-10-01

    Maxillary cysts are a diverse group of entities that include benign and malignant odontogenic tumors. Information on the prevalence of this disease is limited. It is more common among males, and usually occurs in the second and third decade of life. The proportion of 6 to 7 year old patients with dentigerous cysts is only 9.1%. Dentigerous cysts encompass the crown of a permanent and unerupted impacted teeth. They are usually slow growing asymptomatic lesions that are not discovered until they affect surrounding organs. The aim of this study is to present an unusual case of dentigerous cyst and to inform the pediatrician about the management of a unilateral maxillary tumor in a healthy child, underlining the importance of a multidisciplinary approach of this disease.

  18. Gitelman Syndrome: A Case Report

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    F Tabatabaei

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Gitelman syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that typically presents with recurrent muscle cramps, carpopedal spasms, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia and high urine magnesium during adolescence. Mutation in the gene encoding for sodium chloride co-transporter in distal convoluted tubule causes electrolyte imbalance.Case presentation: We present a 10-year-old boy complaining of carpopedal spasms, tingling of fingers and facial parestesia for three years prior to his admission in endocrinology clinic of H. Ali-Asghar Pediatric Hospital. The patient had metabolic alkalosis, hypokalemia, hypocalciuria, increased urine fraction excretion of Mg, serum magnesium of 1.8 mg/dl, normal serum calcium and phosphorus and normal blood pressure. His clinical manifestations recovered after potassium and magnesium administration.Conclusion: A patient with Gitelman syndrome with normal serum Mg. is presented.

  19. Cleidocranial dysplasia: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Jin Won [Kangnung National University College of Medicine, Kangnung (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-12-15

    Cleidocranial dysplasia is a rare, autosomal dominant congenital disorder. A 12-year-old female visited with chief complaint of unerupted permanent teeth. Also her father showed severe class III malocclusion. The extraoral radiography and computed tomography showed delayed closure of the cranial sutures and underdevelopment of maxilla, maxillary sinuses, and frontal sinus. Both clavicles were underdeveloped and thoracic rib cage was bell-shaped. Both zygomatic process appeared as hypoplastic feature. There were many unerupted permanent and supernumerary teeth in the maxilla and mandible. We examined location and number of the unerupted teeth using 3D CT. Finally we could conclude this case was cleidocranial dysplasia based on the clinico-radiologic findings.

  20. Acute Theophylline Intoxication: Case Report

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    Zehra Baykal Tutal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Theophylline is an efficient bronchodilatator, which is used in the treatment of the disease such like Chronic Obstructive Pulmoner Disease (COPD neonatal apnea, bradycardial syndrome. Blood levels of theophylline above 15 ug/ml have risk of intoxication. Acute and chronic intoxication can be seen. Nausea, vomitin, agitation, palpitation and metabolic abnormalities such as, hyperglisemia, hypokalemia, impairment in acid base equilibrium and leukocytosis can be seen in acute theophylline intoxication. Acute theophylline intoxications can result life threatening situations such as convulsions, ventricular arrhythmias and death. Theophylline intoxications are often iatrogenic. In this case, the clinical course of a patient with COPD who took theophylline with the intention of suicide attempt is to mentioned and discussion of diagnosis, treatment and clinical course of acute theophylline intoxication was to aimed.

  1. Case report 375: Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scutellari, P.N.; Orzincolo, C.; Trotta, F.

    1986-06-01

    In summary, a case of multicentric reticulohistiocytosis in an 18-year-old girl is presented, with dramatic demonstration of the progressive lesions of the hands demonstrated in xeroradiographs. The association of nodules in the skin, particularly around the distal interphalangeal joints of the hands is stressed and the generally progressive nature of the disorder is emphasized and illustrated in this patient. The end result in most instances is that of an 'arthritis mutilans', with extensive deformities, particularly of the distal phalanges of the hands. The clinical, radiological and pathological aspects of the disorder are discussed and a review of the literature is included. The differential diagnosis, particularly including rheumatoid arthritis, is described in detail. The pathogenesis of the disorder is considered. (orig.(SHA).

  2. Dental gemination: report of case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez-Guisado, J M; Torres-Lagares, D; Infante-Cossio, P; Gutierrez-Perez, J L

    2002-01-01

    Dental anomalies can be classified in different groups: anomalies of volume, anomalies of number, anomalies of form, anomalies of position and anomalies by union. Of the latter, we distinguish between fusion, alveolus-dental gemination, concrescence, coalescence and anchylosis. Gemination is more frequent in the anterior teeth, although it can also affect the bicuspids and molars, being an anomaly of infrequent union (prevalence 0.5%). We present the case of a young male patient age 19, without medical antecedents of interest, that goes to consultation for repeated inflammatory accidents at level of the inferior left retromolar area. These episodes are caused by a semi-impacted inferior third molar that is fused to a supernumerary fourth molar, sharing its roots, crown, pulp chambers and canals. After the appropriate radiologic study and suitable planning, the semi-impacted third molar was extracted under local anaesthesia and without any other complications during or after the operation.

  3. [Prosopagnosia--a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talarowska, Monika; Pietrzyk-Orkisz, Katarzyna; Wilińska, Joanna; Gałecki, Piotr

    2013-11-01

    Face recognition plays a key role in initiation and coordination of social interactions. Face is a source of many valuable information about sex, age, health and emotional state of another person. Face perception is also considered as the best developed component of human visual perception. The term prosopagnosia means the inability to recognize faces previously known, while still remaining the ability to correctly identifying other objects from the surroundings. This dysfunction can affect face recognition of famous people, family members or even own face. Affected person correctly names the object (knows, that he deals with the "face"), properly assess the emotional expression of a second person, adequately identifies the sex and age of observed person, but cannot determine who the person is. The aim of this study is to present a case of a patient complaining about emotional dysfunctions and presence of prosopagnosia symptoms following neurosurgery for arteriovenous malformation in the right temporal lobe.

  4. Bruck syndrome: a case report

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    Дмитрий Степанович Буклаев

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the clinical case of an infant with Bruck syndrome. The clinical and radiological analyses showed the presence of systemic osteoporosis with pathological fractures; contractures of the elbow, knee, and ankle joints; delay of physical and motor development; and signs of hypoplasia in some of the muscle groups. There was also a right-sided congenital muscular torticollis. X-ray analysis revealed a moderate antecurvation deformity of the lower legs and femurs, with cortical thinning. Laboratory data detected an abnormal beta-cross lap increase.Treatment of osteoporosis by inhibitors of osteoclastic resorption (pamidronate had a positive effect, and the elimination of flexion contractures at the elbow using plaster bandages with the distraction device also resulted in a positive effect.

  5. Infantile Amoebiasis: A Case Report

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    Mohammad Zibaei

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Amoebiasis continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries. Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly observed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world including Iran. In developed countries Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly seen in travelers, recent immigrants, homosexual men, and inmates of institutions. The disease is more severe in the two extremes of life. This paper paper describes a four-month-old male infant with Entamoeba histolytica presenting initially with refusal of feeds, hyperactive bowel sound, vomiting, and diarrhea. A fecal sample was positive for Entamoeba histolytica by Lugol's iodine solution and the concentration technique. He was successfully treated with metronidazole for 5 days. This case illustrates that Entamoeba species could be pathogenic in young infant; therefore, awareness of the infection, aggressive approach to diagnosis, and early initiation of treatment continue to be critical component of infection control.

  6. Factitious cheilitis: a case report

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    Aydin Erdinc

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Factitious cheilitis is a chronic condition characterized by crusting and ulceration that is probably secondary to chewing and sucking of the lips. Atopy, actinic damage, exfoliative cheilitis, cheilitis granulomatosa or glandularis, contact dermatitis, photosensitivity reactions and neoplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of crusted and ulcerated lesions of the lip. Case presentation We present a 56 year-old female with an ulcerated and crusted lesion on her lower lip. The biopsy showed granulation tissue and associated inflammation but no malignancy. Based on the tissue examination and through clinical evaluation the diagnosis of factitious cheilitis was rendered. Conclusion Thorough clinical history, utilization of basic laboratory tests and histopathologic evaluation are required to exclude other diseases and a thoruough psychiatric evaluation and treatment is vital for successful management of these patients.

  7. [Ocular toxocariasis--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraru, Andreea; Panfil, Madălina; Totolici, Geanina; Brănişteanu, Daniel; Costin, Dănut; Schmitzer, Speranţa

    2014-01-01

    Ocular Toxocariasis is a parasitosis caused by Toxocara catis/canis larvae localized in the eye. The most frequent clinical manifestations are the central retinal granuloma, peripheral retinal granuloma and chronic endophthalmitis. Secondary complications due to the presence of parasite in the posterior segment of the eye may have significant consequences on visual function. We present the case of a 23 years old patient, admitted for progressive decrease of the right eye BCVA during the last 6 months. After performing clinical examination and serological tests we established the diagnosis of ocular Toxocariasis. The patient presented a particular form of the disease consisting in the presence of both a central retinal granuloma and a peripheral one. We performed 23G pars plana vitrectomy and membrane peeling. VA improved as soon as the first month after surgery.

  8. Penis cancer: a case report

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    Gregorio Sampalmieri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penis cancer appears as a small lesion that extends gradually to affect the whole of the glans and the shaft of the penis. Its peak incidence is in men aged 40 to 70 years. The most frequent malignant penis tumour is squamous cell carcinoma, which occurrence is probably favoured by smegma accumulation, HPV16 and 18 infection, smoke, and balanitis xerotica obliterans. Here we discuss the case of a 74-year-old man with sovrapubic pain and swelling. Physical examination reveals swollen glans with purulent secretions and oedema. The final diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma is established by means of RMN and biopsy. Partial penectomy surgery follows. Histopathological examination shows poorly differentiated endophytic infiltrative growth. The tumour infiltrates corpus spongiosum, corpora cavernosa, and urethra. The proximal uretheral stump is free from infiltration (pT3.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/cmi.v8i2.906 

  9. Primary intracerebral lymphoma: Case report

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    Olcay Eser

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of primary central nervous lymphoma (PCNSL that may be confused with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings of high grade glioma. Primary central nervous lymphoma is a rare tumour and it account for 0.3-3% of intracranial tumours. A 61 year’s old woman was admitted to our clinic with a severe headache, vomiting, left hemiparesia and transient loss of consciousness. Primary central nervous lymphoma may show various biological and radiological characteristics. We herein emphasized being confused with MRI findings of PCNSL and high grade glioma. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 409-411Key words: Primary central nervous lymphoma, high grade glioma, B-cell, diagnosis

  10. Footballer's ankle: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Footballer' s ankle is anterior bony spur or anterior impingement symptom of the ankle with anterior ankle pain, limited and painful dorsiflexion. The cause is commonly seen in athletes and dancers, and is probably due to repetitive minor trauma. The condition was firstly described by Morris;1 McMurray2 reported good results from excision of the spurs, naming it footballer's ankle. Opening resection of osteophytes of the anterior tibial and superior talar is an effective treatment for anterior impingement of the ankle.

  11. PERIPARTUM CARDIOMYOPATHY: A CASE REPORT

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    Sowjanya

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM is a rare form of heart failure with a reported Incidence of 1 per3000 to 1 per 4000 live births and a fatality rate of 20 – 50%.Onset is usually between the last month of pregnancy and up to 5 months postpartum in previously healthy women. Although viral autoimmune and idiopathic factors may be contributory , its eti ology remains unknown. PPCM is usually presents with signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure. Early diagnosis is important and effective treatment reduces mortality rates and increases the chance of complete recovery of ventricular systolic functio n.

  12. Radix Entomolaris: A Case Report

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    Movassagh

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction During endodontic treatment the variety of mandibular sectorial in the form of an extra lingual (radix entomolaris or buccal root (radix paramolaris can often cause difficulties. In other words, awareness and understanding of this unusual root, and its canal morphology, are factors that can affect the outcome of root canal treatment. Case Presentation A 30-year-old male patient with a history of severe, throbbing, constant pain in the lower mandibular molars was referred to the department of endodontics of Hamedan Dental university. The patient’s medical history was noncontributory. The buccal object rule (same-lingual opposite-buccal technique confirmed the additional root as a distolingual root (radix entomolaris. Following the evaluation of vitality tests, we began endodontic treatment for this patient, after administration of local anesthesia using 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine (Daroupakhsh, Tehran, Iran and rubber dam isolation. The working length was determined by a Root ZX apex locator (Dentaport ZX, J Morita and later confirmed by parallel periapical radiograph. Canals were shaped in a crown down fashion with Protaper Nickel Titanium rotary instruments (Dentsply, Maillefer under copious irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and lubrication with RC-Prep. After drying the canals with paper points, the master gutta-percha points were fitted within the canals and confirmation radiography was taken. The root canal system was obturated with the cold lateral compaction technique. Conclusions This case is about a mandibular molar with radix entomolaris and the radiographic exploration and endodontic order. Clinicians should be aware of these unusual root morphologies in the mandibular molars. The initial diagnosis of a radix entomolaris or paramolaris before root canal treatment is important to facilitate the endodontic procedure.

  13. Stylocarotid syndrome: A case report

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    Petrović Branko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION The American otolaryngologist Eagle was the first to describe styloid syndrome in 1937 and the syndrome was named after him (Eagle's syndrome. The original description of two separate syndromes is connected with his name: classical syndrome, which almost constantly occurs after tonsillectomy and carotid artery syndrome, which occurs without tonsillectomy and also in cases when stylohyoid complex compresses the carotid segments and perivascular sympathetic fibers. In the following years, two more syndromes were defined: stylohyoid and pseudostylohyoid, which according to their manifestations, correspond to the genuine classical form. CASE OUTLINE A 40-year old male is presented, with a history of 3-year duration of pains in the upper part of the left side of the neck, in the left eye and its surroundings. Pain occurrences were not regular. Throbbing pains were most often provoked by sudden head movements and neck compression. He was healthy until the onset of these problems. The findings of all examinations were normal. The applied prophylactic therapy, typical for cluster headache, was without any effect. On 64-MSCT (multislice computed tomography, the neck arteries did not show any intraluminal pathology. The styloid processes were of normal length. On the left side, the styloid process tip pressed the internal carotid artery disturbing its longitudinal axis. CONCLUSION In our presentation, the defined lengths of the styloid processes were normal. The medial angulation of the left styloid process was more expressed reaching 63.5 degrees (the right side angulation was normal. Persistent and throbbing pain in the region of the left eye with backward projection suggested compression on the internal carotid artery. Pains were most frequently provoked by head turning and neck compression. 64-MSCT diagnostics enabled us to determine the characteristics of styloid processes and their relation to the internal carotid artery. Improvement

  14. Ancient (Sclerosing Thymoma: Case Report

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    Duygu GÜREL

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A 43-year-old female who had dyspnea and had been diagnosed as myasthenia gravis was found to have a mass lesion of the anterior mediastinum that protruded to the left and contained calcified areas on radiological investigation. The patient was operated on with a preliminary diagnosis of thymoma. Macroscopically the tumoral lesion was 5x4.5 cm in size and was light tan, firm and solid without necrosis or hemorrhage. Histological investigation showed epithelial islands without atypical features scattered within large areas of hyalinized collagenous tissue and the presence of immature T lymphocytes some of which were TdT positive, which led to a preliminary diagnosis of sclerosing thymoma. Sclerosing thymoma is a rare type of thymoma and has first been reported in 1994. Since there are only a few reports in the literature detailed information on clinical features and pathogenesis is needed. The possibility of sclerosing thymoma should always be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal lesions with marked sclerosis that can lead diagnostic difficulties especially when evaluating small mediastinoscopic biopsies.

  15. Large prepatellar glomangioma: A case report

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    Melissa L. Maxey

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The following case report details an atypical presentation of a benign glomangioma anterior to the knee in a patient experiencing chronic minor trauma to the area. Diagnosis was suggested by clinical presentation and MR imaging, and was confirmed histologically.

  16. Vocal Cord Actinomycosis: A Case Report

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    Bijan Khademi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Actinomycosis is a systemic chronic bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces Israelii, an anaerobic organism normally resident in the human mouth. However, the actinomycosis of the larynx is very rare, and only about 15 cases have been reported in the literature so far. Most of the cases reported occurred in patients who had previously undergone radiotherapy for laryngeal cancer. Case Report: Here we report a case of actinomycosis of the larynx in a 14-year-old shepherd boy who was not immunocompromised but had a history of tooth extraction two months prior to admission to the hospital and severe laryngitis one year prior to admission. Conclusion:        Laryngeal actinomycosis might be related to poor oral hygiene and mucosal barrier disruption, as well as to being immunocompromised.

  17. Groenblad Strandberg syndrome-A case report

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    Harikrishnan S

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of Groenblad Strandberg syndrome in which angioid streaks are associated with pseudoxanthoma elasticum is being reported. The pathology, clinical features, complications and treatment of angioid streaks are discussed in detail.

  18. Dentinogenesis imperfecta: A case report

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    Subramaniam P

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Dentinogenesis imperfecta is an autosomal dominant disorder of tooth development characterized by the presence of opalescent dentin, resulting in a dusky blue to brownish discoloration of the teeth. This condition is genetically and clinically heterogeneous; it may affect only the teeth or it may be associated with the osteogenesis imperfecta. Dentinogenesis imperfecta has been subdivided into three types: type I is associated with osteogenesis imperfecta; in type II there is no associated osteogenesis imperfecta; and when the condition is associated with the Brandywine triracial isolate and large pulp chambers it is classified as type III. This report describes a 16-year-old female patient who showed the characteristic dental features of dentinogenesis imperfecta type II. The etiology and prevalence of the disorder, and a comprehensive treatment plan, will be briefly reviewed.

  19. CASE REPORT: TUBERCULOSIS VERRUCOSA CUTIS

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    Padmaprasad

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available AB STRACT: Tuberculosis verrucosa cutis, otherwise called as warty tuberculosis is a disease due to acquired infection from an exogenous source in a person who has moderate to high immunity for tuberculosis. Lesions are frequently reported on hands and lower limbs. It is an occupational hazard in people who handle tuberculous tissues during work, example: Veterinarians and mortuary at tenders, farmers, butchers, anatomy at tenders (anatomist’s warts. Auto inoculation by sputum in a pulmonary tuberculosis pati ent can cause the disease. Clinical features are variable, but verrucosity always forms. Lesions are usually single indurated, verrucous plaque with serpigenous edge which may show some scar at centre with keloidal changes and are seen at trauma prone site s. Histopathology shows psedoepitheliomatous hyperplasia with infiltration of plasma cells and sometimes with caseating granuloma. Tissues rarely show positivity to bacilli on staining. Treatment of the disease is by anti TB therapy which will completely resolve the lesion.

  20. Dentinogenesis imperfecta: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, P; Mathew, S; Sugnani, S N

    2008-06-01

    Dentinogenesis imperfecta is an autosomal dominant disorder of tooth development characterized by the presence of opalescent dentin, resulting in a dusky blue to brownish discoloration of the teeth. This condition is genetically and clinically heterogeneous; it may affect only the teeth or it may be associated with the osteogenesis imperfecta. Dentinogenesis imperfecta has been subdivided into three types: type I is associated with osteogenesis imperfecta; in type II there is no associated osteogenesis imperfecta; and when the condition is associated with the Brandywine triracial isolate and large pulp chambers it is classified as type III. This report describes a 16-year-old female patient who showed the characteristic dental features of dentinogenesis imperfecta type II. The etiology and prevalence of the disorder, and a comprehensive treatment plan, will be briefly reviewed.

  1. Sadfly fever: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkale, Yasemin; Özkale, Murat; Kiper, Pinar; Çetinkaya, Bilin; Erol, İlknur

    2016-06-01

    Sandfly fever, also known as 'three-day fever' or 'pappataci fever' or 'Phlebotomus fever' is a viral infection that causes self-limited influenza-like symptoms and characterized by a rapid onset. The disease occurs commonly in endemic areas in summer months and especially in August during which sandflies are active. In this article, two siblings who presented with high fever, redness in the eyes, headache, weakness, malaise and inability to walk, who were found to have increased liver function tests and creatine kinase levels and who were diagnosed with sadfly fever with positive sadfly IgM and IgG antibodies are reported because of the rarity of this disease.

  2. Retroperitoneal lipomas: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Byl, G; Cerica, A; Sala, M G

    2012-12-01

    Lipomas are mesenchymal tumors characterized by the abnormal proliferation of adipocytes. We describe a case of retroperitoneal lipomas in a patient with chronic lymphatic leukemia, who was referred to our sonography unit for a regular (6-month) follow-up scan. She had no abdominal symptoms of note. The sonographic examination revealed two well-defined, hyperechoic, oval-shaped masses: the first situated between the posterior wall of the stomach, the duodenum, and the head of the pancreas; the second lying craniomedial to the left kidney. Neither of the masses exhibited intralesional vascularization on color Doppler imaging. Retrospective examination of previous CT scans revealed that the lesions had been present for the past 4 years. Their slow growth was consistent with the suspicion of retroperitoneal lipomas, and this diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. CT and MRI are the imaging studies of choice for diagnosing retroperitoneal lipomas, but ultrasonography is ideal for the follow-up of these patients because it is repeatable and relatively low in cost.

  3. Gastric schwannoma: a case report

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    Hayfa Romdhane

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Schwannomas are generally benign, slow growing tumors. They are rarely observed in the gastrointestinal tract with the most common site being the stomach. These tumors are usually asymptomatic. The preoperative diagnosis via endoscopy is a challenging issue due to the difficulty of differentiation from other submucosal tumors. A 54-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain persisting for the last 10 months. Upper endoscopy revealed an elevated submucosal mass of the gastric antrum. The overlying mucosa was normal. Biopsy specimens yielded only unspecific signs of mild inactive chronic inflammation. Endoscopic ultrasound examination noted a hypoechoic homogeneous mass lesion located in the gastric antrum. The mass appeared to arise from the muscularis propria, and there was no perigastric lymphadenopathy. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan identified a homogeneous round mass and arising from the antrum of the stomach. Submucosal tumor was suspected and surgical intervention was recommended. The patient underwent an elective laparoscopic partial gastrectomy. The histopathologic features and immunohistochemical-staining pattern were consistent with a benign gastric schwannoma. Our patient shows no recurrence with a follow-up of one year. The definitive diagnosis of gastric schwannomas requires immunohistochemical studies. Complete margin negative surgical resection, as in this case, is the curative treatment of choice. The clinical course is generally benign.

  4. Primary Sjogren Syndrome: Case report

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    Eylem Yaman Pinarci

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The importance of systemic evaluation of dry eye patients and choosing appropriate treatment based on the severity of disease were emphasized with this case. 48 years old woman complained about decreased vision, burning, itching in both eyes which got worse over the years, for about 20 years. Schirmer I test value was 0 mm/5min in both eyes. Slit lamp examination revealed filamentary keratitis in both eyes. Anti-Ro/ SSA, anti-La/ SS-B antibodies and salivary gland biopsy for Sjogren syndrome were positive. Temporary punctal occlusion and oral hydroxychloroquine were added to her treatment. After 10 days, her overall dry eye condition improved and permanent punctual plugs were inserted in both lower puctums.Dry eye patients should be evaluated systemically and severity of disease should be considered before treatment is started. Addition to topical application of artificial tears, punctal occlusion may be a proper option in dry eye patients with Sjogren syndrome. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 818-822

  5. Congenital prosopagnosia: A case report

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    Rodrigo Rizek Schultz

    Full Text Available Abstract Prosopagnosia is a visual agnosia characterized by an inability to recognize previously known human faces and to learn new faces. The aim of this study was to present a forty-six year-old woman with congenital prosopagnosia, and to discuss the neural bases of perception and recognition of faces. The patients had a lifetime impairment in recognizing faces of family members, close friends, and even her own face in photos. She also had impairment in recognizing animals such as discriminating between cats and dogs. The patient's basic visual skills showed impairment in identifying and recognizing the animal form perception on the coding subtest of the WAIS-R, recognizing overlapping pictures (Luria, and in identifying silhouettes depicting animals and objects (VOSP. Unconventional tests using pictures evidenced impairment in her capacity to identify famous faces, facial emotions and animals. Her face perception abilities were preserved, but recognition could not take place. Therefore, it appears that the agnosia in this case best fits the group of categories termed "associative".

  6. Case report: Pentalogy of cantrell

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    Al sayed salem

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Pentalogy of Cantrell is a type of ectopia cordis including: defect in anterior diaphragm, pericardium, anterior abdominal wall in addition to extrusion of part of the heart outside the mediastinum and structural heart disease. We were faced by a case of 2 years old girl presented by a visible large pulsating swelling in the lower part of the chest and upper part of anterior abdominal wall in addition to other manifestations of pulmonary congestion and heart failure. After echocardiography, MSCT was done for completing the diagnosis, the cardiac lesion was a large apical VSD with biventricular dilatation and the apex of the heart forms a long tail like swelling passing through a large anterior pericardial and diaphragmatic defect to lie under the anterior abdominal wall. Under full CPB and cardioplegic arrest; the excess aneuresmal part of cardiac apex was excised and the Apical VSD was closed the aneuresmectomy opening because it was in accessible through the RT atrium. The PT needed high inotric support, prolonged ventilation and ICU stay and discharged on day 15 with maximized medical treatment because the ICU and pre discharge echo shows only minimal improvement of the already severely impaired myocardial function EF ∼ 30% and severe PH.

  7. Cryptococcosis in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus : two cases : case report

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    L.A. Bolton

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Cryptococcus neoformans is a yeast-like organism associated with pulmonary, meningoencephalitic, or systemic disease. This case report documents 2 cases of cryptococcosis with central nervous system involvement in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus. In both cases the predominant post mortal lesions were pulmonary cryptococcomas and extensive meningoencephalomyelitis. Both cheetahs tested negative for feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus. The organism isolated in Case 2 was classified as Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii, which is mainly associated with disease in immunocompetent hosts.

  8. Cataleptic postures in thalamic hemorrhage: case report

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    Saposnik Gustavo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of catalepsy associated with thalamic hemorrhage. A 72 year-old hypertensive woman had acute onset of right-sided weakness and speech disturbances. She was on anticoagulants because of aortic valve replacement. When postures were imposed, the patient maintained the left upper limb raised for several minutes, even in uncomfortable or bizarre positions. A CT scan of the head revealed a left thalamic hemorrhage. Cataleptic postures have been reported in few cases with acute stroke.

  9. Resolving of deficit regeneration - case report

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The aim was to show illustrative, indication of alveolar augmentation before insertion of endoosseous dental implants. In our case report we have shown the indication for ridge augmentation prior to the placement of endoosseous dental implant. The local process of bone regeneration was thus stimulated and the chances of a good clinical output were increased. Case report: Female patient (27 years old) visited our clinic. Diagnosis was periodontitis of 46 and indication to remove the tooth, ...

  10. OSTEOID OSTEOMA IN SCAPHOID: CASE REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severo, Antônio Lourenço; de Araújo Filho, Raimundo; Puentes, Rulby; Lemos, Marcelo Barreto; Piluski, Paulo Faiad; Lech, Osvandré

    2012-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years.

  11. Sturge-Weber syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Felipe G. dos Santos; Joanna G. da Conceição; Thaís Pimentel de Sá Bahia; Vanessa de A. S. Silva; Maria Eliza Barbosa Ramos; Mônica Israel

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The Sturge-Weber Syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare vascular neurocutaneous alteration. The main clinical features of this syndrome are facial vascular cutaneous naevus, usually unilateral, which often follows the outline distribution of trigeminal nerve. Objective: To report a clinical case of Sturge-Weber Syndrome in a 29-yeral-old male patient who presented oral manifestations related to the syndrome. Case report and conclusion: The patient re...

  12. Unusual presentation of NOMA: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasola, A O; Obiechina, A E; Arotiba, J T

    2003-12-01

    A case of noma with involvement of other parts of the body from extension and spread of cancrum lesion in the oral cavity and primary herpetic stomatitis in a two-year-old male patient is reported. The possible routes of infection to other parts of the body are discussed. It is expected that this case report will stimulate the awareness of health practitioners to this unusual presentation of cancrum oris.

  13. Cavernous hemangioma of Meckel's cave. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fehlings, M G; Tucker, W S

    1988-04-01

    A case of a cavernous hemangioma located within Meckel's cave and involving the gasserian ganglion is described in a patient presenting with facial pain and a trigeminal nerve deficit. Although these lesions have been reported to occur in the middle fossa, this is believed to be the first case of such a vascular malformation arising solely from within Meckel's cave.

  14. Acquired double pylorus:A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing-Yu Chen; Yan Chen; Liang; Jing Wang; Qin Du; Jian-Ting Cai; Jia-Min Chen

    2012-01-01

    Double pylorus is one of the rare anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract, it can be congenital or acquired. In this case we report a case of double pylorus because of chronic peptic ulcer. Upper GI endoscopy revealed gastroduodenal fistula located on the lesser curve of the antrum, the patient's symptoms were improved rapidly by intensive antiulcer treatment.

  15. Primary Ovarian Malignant PEComa: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westaby, Joseph D; Magdy, Nesreen; Fisher, Cyril; El-Bahrawy, Mona

    2016-09-28

    Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm characterized by expression of both melanocytic and smooth muscle markers. PEComas are rarely encountered in the female genital tract. We here report a case of malignant primary PEComa of the ovary, and discuss the differential diagnosis. This represents the first case of primary typical malignant PEComa of the ovary.

  16. Pierre Robin syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Gupta

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pierre Robin syndrome is characterized by micrognathia, glossoptosis and palatal malformation. We report a case of a 6 day neonate who presented with complaints of feeding and respiratory difficulty and was later diagnosed as case of Pierre Robin syndrome. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(11.000: 3432-3434

  17. [Muscular metastases. A case report (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trèves, R; Barruche, D; Desproges-Gotteron, R

    Muscular metastases are exceptionally reported. The authors present a case of crural neuralgia in relation with a localisation in the psoas iliacus of a gastric carcinoma. A review of literature defines the rarity of this facts (156 cases) the etiology (carcinome more often) and the explication who is still obscur.

  18. Case Study Report about Gender Impact Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Stine Thidemann; Agustin, Lise Rolandsen

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this national case study report is to take a closer look at the use of Gender Impact Assessments in Denmark in order to describe the Danish implementation of this specific Gender Mainstreaming method. By way of analyzing two selected cases (two law proposals put forward by The Danish...

  19. Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis type IIa - Case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segatto, Majoriê Mergen; Schmitt, Eloísa Unfer; Hagemann, Laura Netto; da Silva, Roberta Castilhos; Cattani, Cristiane Almeida Soares

    2013-01-01

    Phacomatosis Pigmentovascularis is a rare syndrome characterized by capillary malformation and pigmentary nevus. A case of a 2-year-old patient is reported, who presented extensive nevus flammeus and an aberrant Mongolian spot, without systemic disease, manifestations that allow us to classify this case as type IIa Phacomatosis Pigmentovascularis, according to Hasegawa's classification. PMID:24346888

  20. Roseomonas gilardii infection: case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shokar, Navkiran K; Shokar, Gurjeet S; Islam, Jamal; Cass, Alvah R

    2002-12-01

    Roseomonas gilardii is a bacterium that has been indicated as a rare cause of human infections. The case of a patient presenting with cellulitis and bacteremia secondary to R. gilardii is described together with the clinical characteristics of infection with this organism obtained from a review of cases previously reported.

  1. Multiple lumbar arachnoid cysts. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappalardo, S; Cassarino, A; Braidotti, P

    1986-09-01

    Arachnoid cysts are a rare cause of compression of the contents of the lumbar spinal canal; in the literature only about 100 cases are reported. The various methods of diagnosis are discussed in the light of a recent case observed by the authors.

  2. [Gigantomastia complicating pregnancy. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausky, J; Burin des Roziers, B; Daoud, G; Cartier, S

    2011-06-01

    The authors report a very rare case of gestational gigantomastia and the pregnancy could be carried out in term. The repetition being inescapable, the mastectomy is the advised intervention if there is a later desire of pregnancy, in other cases a post-partum mammoplasty can be discussed.

  3. Sporotrichosis in Manipur: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjana K

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Two cases of lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis are reported from Imphal. Sporothrix schenekii was isolated from pus from the lesion and identity was confirmed by mycelial to yeast conversion at 37°C and mice pathogenicity test. One patient gave history of injury with bone of fermented fish (Ngari . Both the patients were treated successfully with oral administration of potassium iodide. These two cases are the first authentic cases of sporotrichosis from Manipur.

  4. Mediastinal angiomatosis: a rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    Pak, Min Gyoung; Choi, Phil Jo; Choi, Won Suk; Kang, Eun Ju; Roh, Mee Sook

    2015-01-01

    Angiomatosis refers to a rare condition of large hamartomatous vascular lesions that extensively affect a region of the body or several different tissue types in a contiguous way. Several cases have been reported in the mediastinum. We experienced a histologically proven case of mediastinal angiomatosis in a 56-year-old woman that was incidentally detected as multiple conglomerated masses mimicking metastatic lymph nodes on chest radiography. Despite its rareness, our case emphasizes that pat...

  5. Perianal episiotomy scar endometrioma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Wei Chiang; Kim, Kyo Nam; Kim, Soo Ah; Kim, Soon Yong [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-09-01

    Endometrioma is a common clinical condition, but cases in which an episiotomy scaris present are, however, rare: only two cases have been reported in obstetric journals, and one other in a radiologic journal. All three were in English. We encountered a case in which a solitary endometrioma was present in the perineal region beneath an episiotomy scar. An irregularly marginated hypoechoic mass was revealed by US, and a discrete homogeneous enhancing mass by CT. (author)

  6. Aphonia after shoulder surgery: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto da Silva Soares Moreno

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In this case report we highlight the uniqueness of aphonia as, to the best of our knowledge, cases of aphonia related to interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB are not described in the literature. Although hoarseness is a common complication of IBPB, aphonia is not. Therefore, we think it is important to publicize the first case of aphonia after IBPB, which may have arisen only because of a recurrent laryngeal nerve chronic injury contralateral to the IBPB site.

  7. Reattachment techniques - Few case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Shah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior crown fractures are a common form of injury that mainly affects children and adolescents. In the pre-adhesive era fractured teeth needed to be restored either with pin-retained inlays or cast restorations that sacrificed healthy tooth structure. Achieving aesthetic requirements were also a challenge for the clinicians. The development of adhesive dentistry has allowed dentists to use the broken fragment to restore the fractured tooth. The acid etch adhesive technique may be used to restore function and esthetics of fractured anterior teeth. Reattachment of the fractured segment offers some advantages over composite restorations. The original enamel translucency is maintained, and the incisal edge will wear at the same rate as the adjacent teeth. Esthetic, biologic and restorative problems may occur as a result of the fracture extending subgingivally and impinging on the biologic width. The treatment options depend on the relationship of the fracture to the alveolar crest, degree of pulpal involvement, amount of eruption, apex formation and esthetic requirement of the patient. This article presents two clinical reports describing the treatment modalities of patients who sustained fractures of maxillary anterior teeth due to trauma.

  8. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome; a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Bagheri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a case of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Case Report: A seven-year-old boy presented with marked generalized hypopigmentation, ocular exodeviation and nystagmus. He had history of easy bruising. Examination revealed green irides with marked transillumination, hypopigmented fundi and foveal hypoplasia. Further investigations disclosed platelet storage defect with adenosine diphosphate deficiency and abnormal aggregation compatible with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. The patient underwent strabismus surgery taking necessary precautions such as reserving platelet concentrates in case of a hemorrhagic event. Conclusion: Patients with albinism should be evaluated for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome especially before surgery to prevent life-threatening complications.

  9. Poland syndrome with dextrocardia: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galiwango, G W; Swan, M C; Nyende, R; Hodges, A M

    2010-11-01

    Poland syndrome is a rare congenital condition presentingwith typical features including an absent costosternal head of pectoralis major andipsilateral brachysyndactyly. There are many clinical variations of the syndrome including rib defects, absence of shoulder girdle muscle and breast hypoplasia or agenesis. Dextrocardia is rarely associated with Poland Syndrome with only 22 cases being previously reported in the worldwide literature. Whereas 'classical' Poland syndrome is predominantly right sided, all cases associated with dextrocardia have been left sided. We report a further case of left sided Poland syndrome with dextrocardia which might have important implications for the understanding of the pathogenesis of this unusual condition.

  10. Cardiac spindle cell hemangioma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ju Young; Lee, In Jae; Min, Kwang Sun; Jeon, Eui Yong; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    Spindle cell hemangioma is an uncommon vascular lesion histologically resembling a cavernous hemangioma and Kaposi's sarcoma with a predilection for the extremities. There are no radiologic reports concerning cardiac spindle cell hemangioma in the current literature. We report here a case of cardiac spindle cell hemangioma.

  11. Parkinsonism following Bee Sting: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruchika Mittal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We are reporting here a rare case of Parkinsonism (Hypokinetic dysarthria caused after a bee stung, a member of the hymenoptera order. The main aim of this report is to orient the clinicians with the possibility of extrapyramidal syndromes because of hymenoptera stings.

  12. Primary gastric melanoma: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Emmanuel Eustathios Lagoudianakis; Michael Genetzakis; Dimitrios Konstantinos Tsekouras; Artemisia Papadima; Georgia Kafiri; Konstantinos Toutouzas; Vaggelogiannis Katergiannakis; Andreas Manouras

    2006-01-01

    Melanoma accounts for 1-3 per cent of all malignant tumors. Except cutaneous, other less common melanomas include, among others, those in the GI tract.However, their primary or secondary nature is often difficult to establish. Referring to the stomach, scattered cases of primary melanomas have been reported in the literature.We report a case of a man with an ulcerated submucosal mass at the antrum of the stomach, manifested with dull upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting,fatigue and anemia. This lesion was histologically proved to be melanoma. A detailed clinical and laboratory investigation revealed no primary site elsewhere.To our knowledge, very few cases of primary gastric melanoma have been reported. Our case is the fourth ever published and the first located at the antrum of the stomach. The debate upon the primitive nature of such lesions still persists. Thus, specific diagnostic criteria have been proposed.

  13. Gold Enamel Choumps – A Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sargam D. Kotecha

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Tooth jewellery has been practiced since time immemorial and has become an increasingly popular trend. This case report provides a brief insight into a kind of tooth adornment/a tooth tattoo on the enamel prevalent in parts of western Uttar Pradesh, India locally known as a ‘Choump’. A tooth tattooed with ‘Choumps’ has extremely low incidence and could be used as an identification trait. Tooth adornment with ‘Choumps’ has been reported in adults however, this is the first reported case of ‘Choumps’ in children.

  14. SEPTATE GALLBLADDER - A RARE CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santhosh Kumar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Septate gallbladders are rare variations associated with the extrahepatic biliary system. The present report is a morphological study of a septate gallbladder. Septations in the gallbladder have been reported to be single or multiple. In our case, we report gallbladder was found to have multiple septa extending into the whole cavity. The cystic duct and artery were single and normal. Histology revealed marked smooth muscle hyperplasia with prominent septa with Aschoff Rokitansky sinuses

  15. Oral benign fibrous histiocytoma: two case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Menditti, Dardo; Laino, Luigi; Mezzogiorno, Antonio; Sava, Sara; Bianchi, Alexander; Caruso, Giovanni; Di Maio, Luigi; Baldi, Alfonso

    2009-01-01

    Fibrous histiocytoma is a benign soft tissue tumour arising as a fibrous mass everywhere in the human body. The involvement of the oral cavity is rare. We report two cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma that localized in the oral cavity. The clinical and histological features of the lesion are reported. Finally, a literature revision of this pathology at the level of the oral cavity is reported.

  16. The Danish National Case Study Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    and science through co-operation with Science Shops as a mediator between universities and civil society. The Danish national case study report analyses three projects carried out through the Science Shops at DTU and RUC. One case is a co-operation between two DTU students and an NGO, whom is working towards...... that all three NGO’s have used the results and findings to try influencing the societal discourses, and that the results and findings have helped two of the NGOs to gain influence. The analysis further shows that this influence seems to depend on the ability of the NGOs to build alliances with other actors......This report is the Danish case study report in the EU-financed project INTERACTS, which analyses experience and expectations to the interaction between NGOs, Science Shops and universities. The report analyses potentials and barriers to NGO’s and similar civil society groups’ use of research...

  17. Fibroadenoma in axillary supernumerary breast: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Délio Marques Conde

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Supernumerary breast tissue may be affected by the same diseases and alterations that compromise topical breast tissue. Nevertheless, reports of fibroadenoma in supernumerary breast tissue in the axillae are rare. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of fibroadenoma in an axillary supernumerary breast. DESIGN: Case report. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old woman was referred to the gynecology and obstetrics outpatient clinic at Hospital Estadual Sumaré, complaining of bilateral axillary masses. The patient reported cosmetic problems and local pain and discomfort. On physical examination, alterations compatible with bilateral axillary accessory breasts, without palpable nodules, were observed. Supplementary examinations (mammography and ultrasonography revealed a 1.1 cm mass in the right axillary breast. The patient underwent resection of the supernumerary breasts and histopathological examination revealed fibroadenoma of the right axillary breast tissue.

  18. Variants of Monteggia Type Injury: Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamudin NAF

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Monteggia fracture-dislocation is rare in children. Various reports attest to its rarity, while recording the many variant of this injury. It is, therefore, easy to miss the diagnosis in the absence of proper clinical examination and radiographs. Case Report : This report highlights two rare variants of Monteggia fracture-dislocation seen in children. The first case was a 12-year old girl alleged to have fallen from a 15-feet tall tree and sustaining a combined type III Monteggia injury with ipsilateral Type II Salter-Harris injury of distal end radius with a metaphyseal fracture of the distal third of the ulna. The second case was a 13-year old who had sustained a closed fracture of atypical Type I Monteggia hybrid lesion, in a road traffic accident. Conclusion: This report highlights the rare variants of Monteggia fracture dislocation which could have been missed without proper clinical examinations and radiographs.

  19. 'Case reporting of rare adverse events in otolaryngology': can we defend the case report?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dias, Andrew

    2012-01-31

    The study of errors in medicine has proliferated since the publication of The Institute of Medicine Report \\'TO ERR IS HUMAN\\' in 2000. Case nuances and process of care issues are valuable areas to explore if the goal is to provide the health care worker with the knowledge to avoid future errors. Meta-analysis and randomized controlled trials provide a large data base of evidence towards improvement and opportunities, but it is suggested that case reports can still provide valuable clinical information. The aim is to use the published literature to produce a series of rare harm case reports in E.N.T. The methods include systematic literature review. Journals searched in PUBMED were 60. Rare harm case obtained from the search were 5,322. Rare harm case reports not reported in any other form of evidence-based medicine were 40. Yes, the case report can be defended as it is an important pillar of evidence-based medicine.

  20. Demography and findings of reported rape cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quader, M M; Rahman, M H; Kamal, M; Ahmed, A U; Saha, S K

    2010-01-01

    Six hundred and ninety nine cases of alleged rape were studied by the authors during the period from 2007-2008 at the Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh. Of these cases, 122 had positive findings of recent sexual intercourse; 250 cases had the positive findings of habituated sexual intercourse, and 327 cases had no findings of sexual intercourse but they complained of forcible sexual intercourse and found no sign of sexual intercourse. Most of the alleged victims of rape were nulliparous 87.12% and parous was only 12.87%. 430 (61.51%) cases of reported victims who were students of schools and colleges were not considered as rape cases considering their victim's history of love affairs, leaving home secretly with their lovers, living with them for many days. Gang rape was not so common (4.29% of raped cases) in our study. Age groups, their occupations, living areas, time of arrival for medico-legal examination have been studied. Most of the cases were students (61.51%). A few numbers of victims were subjected to gang rape. Examination and reporting the cases have been discussed.

  1. Posterior antebrachial cutaneous neuropathy. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, C W; Oh, S J

    1990-01-01

    Posterior antebrachial cutaneous (PABC) neuropathy is rare. Two original cases are reported here. In case 1, the neuropathy is probably due to a traction injury in a reduction operation for humeral fracture. In case 2, it is injured associately with an operation in taking a myocutaneous flap. On examination, both cases showed a decreased sensation to pin-prick over the PABC nerve territories and a positive Tinel's sign near the injured sites. Sensory nerve conduction study of the PABC nerves revealed a low amplitude of the compound nerve action potential (CNAP) and a slow sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) in case 1, and absent CNAP in case 2. Our study showed the sensory nerve conduction test is useful in confirming PABC neuropathy.

  2. Histoplasmosis meningitis in a dog: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Arias

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Canine Histoplasmosis is an American important disease mostly in the central and southwest partof the United States that has not been yet reported in Colombia. Reports in human beings suggest the presence of this parasite in Colombia. This paperintends to report a case of canine histoplasmosis which was presented to the Small Animal Hospitalof La Salle University located at Bogotá- Colombia.The dog showed clinical signs of ataxia, turning, meningoecephalitis, the CSF analysis showed yeast-likeof Histoplasma capsulatum. For our information this is one of the first reports of meningo encephalitis by Histoplasma in dogs in Colombia.

  3. Dieulafoy's lesion of duodenum: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagholikar Gajanan D

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Extragastric location of Dieulafoy's lesion is rare. We report two cases of Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum and discuss the management of this extremely uncommon entity. Case presentation Two cases of massive upper gastro-intestinal bleeding in young adults due to Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum are reported. Endoscopic diagnosis was possible in both cases. Hemostasis was achieved successfully by endoscopic adrenaline injection. The endoscopic appearance, pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of this rare lesion are discussed. Conclusions Endoscopic diagnosis of extragastric Dieulafoy's lesion can be difficult because of the small size and obscure location of the lesion. Increased awareness and careful and early endoscopic evaluation following the bleeding episode are the key to accurate diagnosis. Adrenaline injection is one of the important endoscopic modalities for control of bleeding.

  4. [Mycobacterium lentiflavum lymphadenitis: two case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz Del Olmo Izuzquiza, Ignacio; Monforte Cirac, María L; Bustillo Alonso, Matilde; Burgués Prades, Pedro; Guerrero Laleona, Carmelo

    2016-10-01

    Lymphadenitis is the most common clinical feature in nontuberculous mycobacterium infection in immunocompetent children. We present two case reports of M. lentiflavum lymphadenitis diagnosed in a tertiary hospital in the last 10 years. Routine tests were performed after persistent adenopathy, and a sample for culture was obtained, being positive for this microorganism. Both patients received oral antibiotics during several weeks. Case 1 needed complete excision after five months of treatment, whilst Case 2 was cured by medical therapy. M. lentiflavum is considered, among the newly described nontuberculous mycobacterial species, an emergent pathogen in our environment. It has its own microbiological and clinical characteristics, different from the rest of nontuberculous mycobacteria. Case reports are limited in the literature since the infection was described for the first time in 1997.

  5. Cervical Ligamentum Flavum Hematoma: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghnegahdar, Ali; Sedighi, Mahsa; Rahmanian, Abdolkarim; Baghban, Fahim

    2016-02-01

    Study Design Case report. Objective To report the first case of ligamentum flavum hematoma after cervical spine instrumentation 11 years after the index surgery. Methods After performing bilateral C3 and C4 laminectomy, we observed a dark greenish discoloration over the ligamentum flavum, which was opened. We evacuated 15 mL of subacute hematoma. Results The first ligamentum flavum hematoma of the cervical spine that occurred after spinal instrumentation with sublaminar hooks. Conclusion Ligamentum flavum hematoma might happen even after a long delay (in our case, 11 years) from spinal instrumentation (sublaminar hooks). In symptomatic patients, evacuation is the treatment of choice. In cases of instrument adhesion to the surrounding intracanal tissues, removal should be done meticulously after performing a complete release.

  6. Ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandana Chakraborti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum (AFA is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by partial or complete adhesion of upper and lower eyelids, usually seen as an isolated finding but often associated with other anomalies or a well-defined syndrome. We report two cases of AFA who presented at a tertiary eye care center of West Bengal. Family history of consanguinity was absent. One baby had abnormal tuft of hair over the small of the back. No other congenital abnormalities were detected in any of them. The adhesions of the eyelids were divided by a number 15 blade after crushing with mosquito forceps in both cases without any anesthesia. Subsequent ocular examinations following separation and during follow-up revealed normal eyelid function, ocular motility, and fundus. In a case of AFA, timely separation of the eyelids is crucial to avoid the development of occlusion amblyopia. Cases of AFA reported in the literature are reviewed.

  7. Tooth in Ethmoid Sinus: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tayebe Kazemei

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic eruption of teeth occurs in a variety of locations.Commonly seen in palate and maxillary sinus, they have alsobeen reported in nasal cavity, orbit, mandibular condyle,coronoid process, and facial skin.Here, we report a rare case of recurrent sinusitis caused byectopic tooth in right ethmoid sinus and successful endoscopicremoval of it. The symptoms of the patient disappeared aftersurgery. Such case has not been yet reported in the Englishliterature.Ectopic tooth is an uncommon cause of sinusitis. It shouldbe considered in patients presenting with recurrent sinusitis unresponsiveto medical treatment. Computed tomography of thesinuses is the modality of choice for diagnosis. Endoscopic sinussurgery is the best method for management of such cases.

  8. Primary hepatic carcinosarcoma:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王细文; 梁平; 李洪艳

    2004-01-01

    @@ Primary hepatic carcinosarcoma is defined as a malignant hepatic tumour containing both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements. Strictly, it should be distinguished from collision tumour and carcinoma with foci of spindle-shaped epithelial cells. Primary hepatic carcinosarcoma is rare, and less than 11 adequately documented cases have been reported. In this article, a case of primary hepatic carcinosarcoma was discussed as to its potential histogenesis.

  9. Seaweed dermatitis:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Beuy Joob; Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2014-01-01

    Seaweed dermatitis is an uncommon kind of dermatitis that might be seen in some clinical centers at coastal area. Here, the authors report a case of seaweed dermatitis. This is a male patient presented to the physician in charge complaining of skin lesion. On examination, the clusters of reddish-brown vesicles along high right leg can be seen. This case was diagnosed to have seaweed dermatitis and treated by steroid therapy.

  10. Angiolipoma of index finger: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzaffer Durmus

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Angiolipomas are usually found in the upper extremities, shoulder and back. They are seldom found in the hands, face and lower extremities. They usually occur as painful soft tissue masses or they may compress the neighboring structures (e.g. nerves depending on the size and location. In this report we present an angiolipoma case located in the finger and discuss related recent cases described in the literature. [Hand Microsurg 2016; 5(1.000: 22-25

  11. Peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cerdán-Santacruz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Pyoderma gangrenosum is one of the most severe complications that can occur following stoma placement. Despite few cases reported in the literature, it is considered an underdiagnosed entity. We present a case of peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum (PPG in a patient who underwent a pancoloproctectomy and permanent ileostomy due to ulcerative colitis (UC. Treatment was based on local cures, proper fitting of ostomy devices, topical tacrolimus and systemic corticosteroids, adalimumab and antibiotics. Satisfactory resolution was achieved in eight weeks.

  12. Premature dental eruption: report of case.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNamara, C M

    2011-08-05

    This case report reviews the variability of dental eruption and the possible sequelae. Dental eruption of the permanent teeth in cleft palate children may be variable, with delayed eruption the most common phenomenon. A case of premature dental eruption of a maxillary left first premolar is demonstrated, however, in a five-year-old male. This localized premature dental eruption anomaly was attributed to early extraction of the primary dentition, due to caries.

  13. Mandibular metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Tae Min [Dept. of Advanced General Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kee Dong; Jeong, Ho Gui; Park, Won Se [Advanced General Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    Tumors metastasizing from distant regions to the oral and maxillofacial region are uncommon, comprising only 1%-2% of all malignancies. Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignancy that arises from cholangiocytes, which are epithelial cells that line the bile ducts. These cancers are difficult to diagnose and have a poor prognosis. In this paper, we report a rare case of mandibular metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma diagnosed at the primary site and discuss the radiographic findings observed in this case.

  14. Tuberculosis of the Spermatic Cord: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amine Benjelloun

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The spermatic cord tuberculoma is uncommon, especially in its lower portion. Most cases were described in Japanese literature. We report a case of tuberculosis of the spermatic cord in a sexually active young man, revealed by a scrotal mass mimicking a tumor of the testicle and discuss the suitable diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, with preservation of the testes and the other sexual organs.

  15. [Potomania associated with schizophrenia: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zghal, Ahmed; Charfi, Fatma; Fradi, Imen; Labbane, Raja

    2002-03-01

    The potomania or primary polydipsia is associated to schizophrenia in 20% of cases. Authors reports a case of a patient 27 old years, that suffering from hebephrenia who presented potomania. It was necessary to eliminate secondary polydipsia. The main complication resulting from potomania is water intoxication. Neurobiological or psychological hypothesis were suggested related to the etiopathogeny of this association. Some biological or comportemental therapy were effective in this context.

  16. Omphalolith presented with peritonitis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi, Hijran R; El Hennawy, Hany M

    2009-01-01

    Omphalolith is a hard, smooth, almost black bolus found in the umbilicus, resembling a malignant melanoma. It is often accompanied by seborrhea which may lead to abscess formation. It may be related to poor hygiene. Patient is usually complaining of umbilical discharge and pain. This report describes a rare case of omphalolith (umbilical stone) induced peritonitis, in a patient who presented as acute appendicitis. In our case the two umbilical stones found their way to the peritoneal cavity a...

  17. Lamellar Icthyosis – A case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    B.V, Thimma Reddy; V, Daneswari; Deshmukh, Sudhanwan N

    2014-01-01

    Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis is a heterogenous group of disorders that are present at birth with generalized involvement of skin and lack of other organ systems. Clinical presentation, pattern of inheritance, and laboratory evaluation may establish a precise diagnosis, which can assist in prognosis and genetic counseling. There is a little knowledge about the oral manifestations of these disorders.This case report presents management and complete oral rehabilitation of a rare case of lamellar ichthyosis. PMID:25584329

  18. Traumatic hemipelvectomy (amputae: Report of one case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Errol U. Hutagalung

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic hemipelvectomy (amputae is a catastrophic injury resulting front violent shearing forces which avulsed the lower limb at the level sacroiliac joint and symphisis pubis. Patients surviving traumatic hemipelvectomy are rare. One case of a 25 months old girl surviving traumatic hemipelvectomy, is presented. This is the first case reported from Indonesia. (Med J Indones 2001; 10: 169-73Keywords: Colostomy, skin graft, traffic accident

  19. Case report - Bilateral renal aspergillosis in a patient with AIDS : A case report and review of reported cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosten, A.W.; Sprenger, H.G.; Van Leeuwen, J.T.M.; Meessen, N.E.L.; Van Assen, S.

    2008-01-01

    Renal aspergillosis is an extremely uncommon complication in HIV-infected patients. In general, prognosis is poor and the need for nephrectomy is emphasized. We report the case of a 37-year-old patient with AIDS since April 2003 (CD4 count 10 cells/mm(3), a high viral load, Candida esophagitis, bila

  20. PNET of kidney : Report of four cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palash Kumar Mandal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET of kidney is a rare tumor of kidney with only a few published reports. We report here four cases of PNET of kidney in the age group between 30 and 50 years who had complaints of vague pain and lump in loin. Hematuria was present in one case. Imaging of all cases revealed renal mass. The pathologic findings were consistent with PNET in all cases-confirmed by immunohistochemistry with diffuse membrane positivity of tumor cells of CD99. We could not do fluorescent in situ hybridization to demonstrate EWS-FLI-1 gene fusion. Each case was in the advanced stage. However, after giving postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy patients are still alive. Reporting of these cases are important as we got them in a short span of 3 years. In view of its poor prognosis, aggressive nature and different therapeutic approach- renal PNET should be differentiated from other small blue round cell tumors like neuroblastoma, rhabdoid tumor of kidney, nephroblastoma, small cell carcinoma, synovial sarcoma (monophasic, poorly differentiated and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL by immunohistochemistry, cytogenetic, and molecular genetics study to see the different gene rearrangements in NHL and 3p deletion in small cell carcinoma.

  1. Isolated Intramuscular Cysticercosis: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    KANHERE, Sujata; BHAGAT, Manish; PHADKE, Varsha; GEORGE, Riya

    2015-01-01

    Human cysticercosis is caused by Cysticercus cellulosae, larvae of a tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticercosis can involve any tissue in the body; the most common affected sites are central nervous system, subcutaneous tissue, eyes, and muscles. A few cases of isolated intramuscular cysticercosis without any other tissue involvement have been reported in pediatric population. Here, we report a case of intramuscular cysticercosis diagnosed by ultrasonography in a 5.5 year-old boy who presented with the swellings over the calf and the scapular region, without any associated neurological or ocular involvement. The patient responded well to the course of steroids and Albendazole with complete resolution of both the swellings. PMID:26023298

  2. Intraperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali Karaman; Mehmet Esref Kabalar; (O)nder (O)zcan; Timur Koca; Do(g)an Nasir Binici

    2008-01-01

    Declifferentiated liposarcoma is a wriant of liposarcoma with a more aggressive course. Mutations of the p53 gene have been found in different types of soft tissue sarcoma. It is generally accepted that p53 mutations in human malignant tumors are often related to a poor prognosis. In our case, analysis of p53 gene mutation in tumor samples was performed, p53 gene mutation was observed in dedifferentiated tumor tissue samples but not in well-differentiated tumor tissue samples. It has been reported that p53 gene mutation occurs most commonly in the retroperitoneum and rarely in other anatomic locations. Herein we report a case of dedifferentiated liposarcoma located at intraperitoneum.

  3. Unilateral acrokeratoelastoidosis--second reported case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klekowski, Nicole; Shwayder, Tor

    2011-01-01

    Acrokeratoelastoidosis (AKE) is a rare disease that manifests as wartlike papules along the dorsal palmar junction. It is characterized by orthohyperkeratosis in the horny layer and elastorrhexis in the reticular dermis. Both sporadic and familial cases following autosomal dominant inheritance have been reported. Currently, no effective treatments exist for AKE, which can have a significant cosmetic impact. Here we present the second reported case of unilateral AKE in a 5-year-old African American girl and hypothesize that the mechanism for the unilateral nature of AKE in this patient is genetic mosaicism.

  4. Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Woo Young; Han, You Mie; Choi, Young Hee [Hallym University College of Medicine, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Parathyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy and a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma is even rarer and only few cases have been reported previously. A 33-year-old woman presented with hypercalcemia. CT scan revealed a 5-cm sized intrathyroid nodule with a positive beak sign on the surface in contact with the thyroid gland. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy, and the histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma. We report a case of intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma with brief literature review.

  5. Fronto-nasal Encephalocele. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Ferrer Montoya

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Encephalocele is a herniation of the brain tissue through a congenital or acquired defect of the skull. The congenital condition is caused by a neural-tube defect attributable to an interaction among several genes and environmental factors. Anterior encephalocele is a rare entity and its incidence varies depending on the geographic area. We report the case of a newborn with a tumour protruding through the fronto-nasal region with a central pedunculated polypoid formation, in addition to the presence of bilateral cleft lip and palate. Surgical treatment was decided after consulting the Neurosurgery Department. This case report is interesting due to the rarity of this entity.

  6. Epidermoid cyst: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surekha R Puranik

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidermoid cysts (ECs are uncommon, benign cystic lesions derived from the entrapment of surface epithelium or more often from the aberrant healing of infundibular epithelium during an episode of follicular inflammation. ECs occur anywhere on the body, particularly along embryonic fusion lines, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest and upper back. Head and neck ECs constitute only about 7%, whereas only 1.6% of ECs are reported in the oral cavity. They comprise <0.01% of all the oral cysts. Floor of the mouth, tongue, lips, palate, jaws, etc., are some of the reported sites of ECs in the oral cavity. Microscopically, ECs are lined with plain stratified squamous epithelium filled with laminated layers of keratin. Here, we report two rare cases of ECs, one occurring in the gingival aspect and other in the lower third of face. The cases are reported due to rarity of ECs in the head and neck region.

  7. Childhood Morgagni hernia: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Nain Rattan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia is a rare congenital anomaly to be seen in the pediatric age group. We are reporting two cases of Morgagni hernia, which presented with non-specific symptoms and posed a diagnostic dilemma. One of the patients was 10 years old and associated with asplenia and Down’s syndrome; the second case presented as isolated Morgagni hernia in an 8 month baby. The diagnosis was confirmed with radiography and computed chest tomography. Both cases were managed successfully with surgical repair of the diaphragmatic defect through trans-abdominal approach.

  8. Acute suppurative neonatal parotitis: Case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khan, Sardar U

    2012-02-01

    Neonatal suppurative parotitis is very rare. One review of the English-language literature spanning 35 years found only 32 cases. Most cases are managed conservatively with antibiotic therapy; early antibiotic treatment reduces the need for surgery. The predominant organism is Staphylococcus aureus. We report a new case of neonatal suppurative parotitis in a 3-week-old boy. The patient was diagnosed on the basis of parotid swelling, a purulent exudate from a Stensen duct, and the growth of pathogenic bacteria in culture. He responded well to 9 days of intravenous antibiotic therapy. We also discuss the microbiologic and clinical patterns of this disease.

  9. Bilateral Meckel's cave amyloidoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gültaşli, N; van den Hauwe, L; Bruneau, M; D'Haene, N; Delpierre, I; Balériaux, D

    2012-05-01

    Primary solitary amyloidoma of Meckel's cave is rare, and a bilateral location is even more rare. To the best of our knowledge, only 12 cases in the literature have described such a primary lesion, including one case of bilateral involvement of Meckel's cave. We report here on the case of a 57-year-old woman presenting with pseudotumor masses involving both Meckel's caves and responsible for trigeminal neuropathy. The final diagnosis of amyloidoma was made on the basis of histological examination of surgical biopsy specimens.

  10. ALL CERAMIC VENEERS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dileep Soni

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Porcelain veneers are one of the best restorative treatment options available from biological, functional, mechanical and esthetic perspectives. The use of porcelain laminate veneers to solve esthetic and/or functional problems has been shown to be a valid management option, especially in the anterior esthetic zone. The present case reports the case of attrition, anterior teeth in a healthy dentition by means of sectional porcelain veneers simply cemented onto the natural teeth and with minimal tooth preparation. In cases when patients decline orthodontic treatment, adhesively bonded porcelain veneers are a viable treatment

  11. Acute suppurative neonatal parotitis: Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Sardar U; O'Sullivan, Peter G; McKiernan, John

    2010-02-01

    Neonatal suppurative parotitis is very rare. One review of the English-language literature spanning 35 years found only 32 cases. Most cases are managed conservatively with antibiotic therapy; early antibiotic treatment reduces the need for surgery. The predominant organism is Staphylococcus aureus. We report a new case of neonatal suppurative parotitis in a 3-week-old boy. The patient was diagnosed on the basis of parotid swelling, a purulent exudate from a Stensen duct, and the growth of pathogenic bacteria in culture. He responded well to 9 days of intravenous antibiotic therapy. We also discuss the microbiologic and clinical patterns of this disease.

  12. Chemoresistant gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cp, Sudha; M, Sahana

    2014-07-01

    Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is a disease of women in reproductive age. It is one of the most chemotherapy responsive and highly curable cancer. It is diagnosed when there is clinical, radiologic, pathologic, and/or hormonal evidence of persistent or relapsed gestational trophoblastic disease. In most instances, it is cured by surgical evacuation of the uterus. If persistent, it is treated with chemotherapy which provides response in >90% of the cases. In the unresponsive persistent cases and if the women has completed her child bearing, hysterectomy is generally recommended. Here, we report a rare case of chemoresistant GTN which was confirmed to be placental-site trophoblastic tumour (PSTT) on biopsy.

  13. Osteoma of the middle ear: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryu, Ji Hwa [College of Medicine, Inje University, Dongrae Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-07-15

    Osteomas of the middle ear are exceedingly rare benign neoplasms. To date, only 21 cases have been reported in the literature. They arise from the promontory, the pyramidal process and the ossicles, and they are usually asymptomatic or cause some conductive hearing loss. We report here the CT and pathologic findings in a 38-year-old woman with a benign osteoma of the middle ear along with chronic otitis media.

  14. Marshall-Smith syndrome: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Yong; Lee, Shi Kyung; Cho, In Chul; Han, Chun Hwan [Kangnam General Hosital Public Corporation, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-01

    Marshall-Smith syndrome is a rare disease, with about 29 cases reported to date. It is characterized by accelerated bony growth and maturation, phalangeal abnormalities (wide middle and narrow distal phalanges), unusual facial features (prominent eyes, bluish sclerae, coarse eyebrows, an upturned nose, hypoplastic facial bones, and shallow orbits), failure to thrive, respiratory difficulties, and psychomotor retardation. This report of the radiologic findings of Marshall-Smith syndrome is, as for as we know, the first to be published in Korea.

  15. Unilateral Idiopathic Calcinosis Cutis: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsaif, Fahad; Abduljabbar, Amr M.

    2017-01-01

    Calcinosis cutis is a rare disorder characterized by the deposition of calcium in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Unilateral idiopathic calcinosis cutis has only rarely been reported in the literature. Here, we report the case of a 7-year-old healthy girl who presented with multiple asymptomatic hard nodules on the right side of her body. Histopathological, radiological, and extensive blood investigations confirmed the diagnosis of unilateral idiopathic calcinosis cutis. PMID:28203159

  16. Case Reports: Thumb Reconstruction Using Amputated Fingers

    OpenAIRE

    Hoang, Nguyen T.; Staudenmaier, R.; Hoehnke, C.

    2008-01-01

    Reconstruction of an irreparably amputated thumb in multiple digit amputations using amputated fingers can considerably improve hand function and allows creation of a newly transplanted thumb with acceptable cosmetic and functional attributes. However, the surgery is challenging and rarely reported. We report six cases using this procedure in patients with crushed thumbs unsuitable for replantation. In four of the patients, the remnant of the index finger was replanted on the thumb stump and ...

  17. Coexisting chondroblastoma and osteochondroma: a case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardiwala D

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available The coexistence of two different types of benign cartilaginous tumours of bone in the same patient has not been reported in literature. We report a case in which a sixteen-year-old male had a benign chondroblastoma of the proximal left humerus and an osteochondroma of the distal left femur. Both originated at the same time and had a progressive increase in size with growth.

  18. Biperiden Dependence: Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Espi Martinez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Anticholinergic drugs are frequently used in psychiatry for the prophylaxis and treatment of extrapiramidal symptoms caused by neuroleptics. Abuse of anticholinergic agents has been reported in patients with psychotic disorders, on treatment with neuroleptics, and polysubstance use disorders. We are reporting the case of a patient who presented with hypoactive delirium as a consequence of biperiden dependence. The clinician must pay special attention to detect anticholinergic misuse in patients presenting with delirium of unknown cause.

  19. Sertraline-induced galactorrhea: case report and review of cases reported with other SSRIs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebhinani, Naresh

    2013-01-01

    There is limited literature reporting galactorrhea with antidepressants including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). In this case report, I present a case of a young female who developed galactorrhea with sertraline, which improved on discontinuation of sertraline. Computer-assisted searches on galactorrhea with SSRIs yielded 23 cases, mostly with escitalopram and paroxetine and rarely with fluoxetine, fluvoxamine and sertraline, and it may be much more frequent than recognized.

  20. A rare case of uterine leiomyosarcoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinamotu Rao N

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Malignant change in a leiomyoma or uterine fibroid is termed leiomyosarcoma. It arises from smooth muscle of the uterus and is a rare tumor that accounts for 2% to 5% of all uterine malignancies. Very few cases are reported in the literature. Our patient did not have any history of genital bleeding, which is the usual presentation in uterine sarcoma. We report an original case report of an unusual presentation of this rare tumor arising from the uterus. Case presentation A 40-year-old nulliparous woman of South Indian origin presented with a mass in her abdomen for one year with a rapid increase in size over the previous three months. Tumor marker CA-125 was raised, and a computed tomography scan showed a mass arising from the pelvis. An exploratory laparotomy was performed and the histopathology report confirmed the diagnosis of uterine leiomyosarcoma. Conclusion Because of their rarity, uterine sarcomas are not suitable for screening. Diagnosis is by histopathologic examination and surgery is the only treatment. The prognosis for women with uterine sarcoma primarily depends on the extent of disease at the time of diagnosis and the mitotic index.

  1. Sepsis due to clostridium septicum: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foga, M.M.; McGinn, G.J.; Kroeker, M.A. [Univ. of Manitoba Teaching Hospitals, St. Boniface General Hospital, Dept. of Radiology, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Guzman, R. [Univ. of Manitoba Teaching Hospitals, St. Boniface General Hospital, Dept. of Surgery, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

    2000-04-15

    Clostridium septicum is an unusual anaerobic, gram-positive, gas-producing bacillus, which has been identified as a cause of fulminant rapidly fatal infection in humans. Infection with C. septicum usually occurs in patients with cancer, patients receiving immunosuppressive chemotherapy, or patients with a nonmalignant hematological disorder such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. C. septicum infection most commonly involves the abdomen, and a recent review article has identified 164 cases in the medical literature describing the abdominal findings in this disease. Intracranial manifestation of C. septicum infection are less common and include meningitis, cerebritis, abscess formation and pneumocephalus. There have been only 12 documented cases in the English literature describing central nervous system lesions associated with C. septicum. We present a case report of a 56-year-old man in whom septicemia due to C. septicum developed as a complication of Crohn's disease. To our knowledge, there has never been a previous report of C. septicum sepsis related to underlying Crohn's disease. Our case is also remarkable in that an intracerebral gas collection developed at the site of a mycotic infarct related to C. septicum bacteremia, Intracranial, intraparenchymal gas formation related to anaerobic infection is extremely rare; to our knowledge, this radiological finding related to C. septicum sepsis has been described in only 1 previous case report in the medical literature. We also describe the intra-abdominal manifestations of C. septicum sepsis that occurred in this patient as well as the associated radiographic and pathologic findings. (author)

  2. Radiotherapy for inverted papilloma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levendag, P.C.; Annyas, A.A.; Escajadillo, J.R.; Elema, J.D. (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (Netherlands). Academisch Ziekenhuis)

    1984-06-01

    Inverted papilloma is an infrequent tumour of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses associated with controversy. The incidence of carcinoma in situ associated with inverted papilloma, has not been very well documented until now. Therefore the authors present a case report characterized by an aggressive clinical behaviour, treated by extensive surgery and ultimately controlled by radiotherapy.

  3. Radiotherapy for inverted papilloma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levendag, P C; Annyas, A A; Escajadillo, J R; Elema, J D

    1984-06-01

    Inverted papilloma is an infrequent tumour of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses associated with controversy. The incidence of carcinoma in situ associated with inverted papilloma, has not been very well documented until now. Therefore, we present a case report characterized by an aggressive clinical behaviour, treated by extensive surgery and ultimately controlled by radiotherapy.

  4. Stiff person syndrome: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Patricia A; Kuberski, Carolyn

    2014-08-01

    The case report features a patient who had a diagnosis of a common type of breast cancer with an uncommon neurologic syndrome. She had extreme pain and progressive stiffness with cognitive and functional decline. This article includes the pathogenesis and treatment options for a rare, but treatable, autoimmune disorder of malignancy called stiff person syndrome.

  5. Granulomatous slack skin: a case report.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To report a case of granulomatous slack skin which is an extremely uncommon variant of mycosis fungoides. Methods: The clinical, histopathologic, immunologic, ultrastructural and molecular biologic changes of the disease were evaluated. Results: A massive dermal infiltration composed of lymphocytes in-

  6. Treacher Collins syndrome: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Ravi Prakash Sasankoti; Verma, Sankalp; Agarwal, Neha; Singh, Udita

    2013-05-24

    Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of craniofacial development. The fully expressed phenotype exhibits characteristic dysmorphic features involving the face, eyes, mandible and ears. We report a case of a 17-year-old woman presenting with the typical orofacial implications of this syndrome.

  7. [Brunners gland hiperplasia. Report of two cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla Ruiz, Maykel

    2014-04-01

    Brunner's gland hyperplasia is an infrequent benign injury located on the first or second portion of the duodenum. The disease spectrum includes diffuse nodular hyperplasia, circumscribed nodular hyperplasia, and Brunner's gland adenoma. We report two cases, one with an adenoma of Brunner's glands as a duodenal polyp and the other as a diffuse nodular hyperplasia of the duodenal bulb.

  8. ASYMPTOMATIC ABSENT EPIGLOTTIS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaibhav Shahi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Absence or hypoplasia of the epiglottis is a rare anomaly. Most patients, with absent or hypoplastic epiglottis, have presented, life-threatening symptoms of respiratory distress and severe aspiration in infancy or early childhood. We report a case of completely asymptomatic 30 year old female with absent epiglottis posted for modified radical mastoidectomy for chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM.

  9. Tuberous sclerosis complex: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harris Poolakundan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tuberous Sclerosis Complex is an autosomal dominant phakomatosis. This neurocutaneous disorder usually presents with seizures, facial angiofibroma and mental retardation (Vogt's triad. Here we report a case where a 25 year old gentleman presented with recurrent seizures, and was diagnosed to have tuberous sclerosis complex. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(10.000: 2844-2846

  10. [Rosai-Dorfman disease: Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffia, Silvia A; Peruffo, María V; Malvaso, Roque; Senor, Varinea; Pollono, Daniel; Altamirano, Eugenia M

    2015-12-01

    Rosai-Dorfman disease, also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare dis order of unknown etiology, generally associated with enlargement of superficial and/or deep lymph nodes. Most patients do not require treatment. We report the case of a 10 month old infant who was admitted with a left cervical tumor of 25 days duration.

  11. Sclerosing peritonitis with gross calcification: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Cheung Sook; Kim, Young Jae; Min, Seon Jeong; Cho, Seong Whi; Lee, Gyung Kyu; Lee, Eil Seong; Kang, Ik Won [Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-09-01

    Sclerosing peritonitis is an uncommon complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and can lead to small bowel dysfunction involving abdominal pain, progressive loss of ultrafiltration, and small intestinal obstruction. Peritoneal thickening, in which calcification can develop, often starts as al small plaque which gradually becomes larger. We report a case of CAPD-related calcifying peritonitis.

  12. Spontaneous rupture of choledochal cyst: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Ho Seob; Nam, Kyung Jin; Lee, Jin Hwa; Kim, Chan Sung; Choi, Jong Cheol; Oh, Jong Young [Dong-a University College of Medicine, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-11-01

    Spontaneous rupture of a choledochal cyst leading to biliary peritonitis is a rare complication which can be fatal if not promptly diagnosed. The authors report the ultrasound and CT findings of two cases of spontaneous choledochal cystic rupture and the biliary peritonitis which ensued.

  13. Cesarean scar pregnancy:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李胜平; 汪溦; 唐小丽; 王瑛

    2004-01-01

    @@ Ranking among the rare forms of ectopic pregnancy,Cesarean scar pregnancy is a dangerous condition that can potentially lead to uterine rupture and severe hemorrhaging, or even a secondary abdominal pregnancy.Its early diagnosis can be challenging, and the optimal treatment has not been determined. This case report will be followed by a discussion of treatment options.

  14. An Unusual Case Report of Erupted Odontoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhaval Mehta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontomas are the most common of the odontogenic tumors of the jaws, which are benign, slow growing, and nonaggressive. They are usually asymptomatic and found in routine dental radiographic examination. Odontomas are usually associated with tooth eruption disturbances. Eruption of odontoma in oral cavity is rare entity. Here we report a case of an unusual erupted compound odontoma.

  15. Sialosis, Gout Induced or Idiopathic? Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naik, Keyur; Mandel, Louis

    2017-02-01

    Sialosis is observed in relation to diabetes, alcoholism, and malnutrition. An assumed relation between gout and sialosis is probably based on confusion that originated from the therapeutic use of phenylbutazone for gout and the sialadenitis that the medication caused. This report describes a case of sialosis in a patient with a longstanding history of gout that was idiopathic in origin.

  16. Eosinophilic annular erythema in childhood - Case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abarzúa, Alvaro; Giesen, Laura; Silva, Sergio; González, Sergio

    2016-01-01

    Eosinophilic annular erythema is a rare, benign, recurrent disease, clinically characterized by persistent, annular, erythematous lesions, revealing histopathologically perivascular infiltrates with abundant eosinophils. This report describes an unusual case of eosinophilic annular erythema in a 3-year-old female, requiring sustained doses of hydroxychloroquine to be adequately controlled. PMID:27579748

  17. [Pancreas divisum: endoscopic management. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Henry; Espinoza, Miguel; Huaman, César; Monge, Eduardo; Salazar, Sonia; Tapia, Abel

    2002-01-01

    This is a case report of a 19 year-old woman, with an acute recurrent pancreatitis diagnose, and pancreas divisum as anatomic alteration. An extensive evaluation including specialized labs, ERCP was done. The diagnosis is suspected during ERCP and confirmed by minor papilla injection. Treatment is directed towards relieving outflow obstruction at the level of the minor papilla, with successful results.

  18. Leishmaniasis cutis:report of two cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ke-jian; LIU Yue-hua; FANG Kai

    2005-01-01

    @@ Leishmaniasis cutis is a chronic dermatosis resulting from infestation by Leishmania of the skin.The diagnosis could not be established until a biopsy specimen revealed Leishman-Donovan(LD)bodies.We report two cases of leishmaniasis cutis diagnosed and treated recently in our department.

  19. Primary meningeal pheochromocytoma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Il Ju; Suh, Hyoung Sim [Myung-Ji St. Mary' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Nam [Green Cross Reference Lab, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    Pheochromocytoma is a rare endocrine tumor arising from the chromaffin tissue, and it is able to produce and secrete catecholamines. Lymph nodes, liver, lung and bone are the most frequent sites of metastasis. We report here on a case of pheochromocytoma arising from the dura in a patient who was surgically treated for bilateral pheochromocytoma five years previously.

  20. Collar stud abscess an interesting case report

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan; Kameshwaran Punniyakodi

    2012-01-01

    Cervical Lymphadenopathy with collar stud abscess of tuberculous etiology is uncommon nowadays. This case is being reported for clinical interest and for the purpose of documentation.Introduction Tubercular Lymphadenopathy is a common extra pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis.Collar stud abscess are rarely seen in OPD nowadays. Tuberculosis remains a problem throughout the world and is still a common cause of cervical lymphadenopathy.

  1. Orbital MALT Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha G Pai

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A case of orbital MALT (mucous associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is reported for its rarity. It presented as a large tumor obscuring the whole eye with loss of vision, without any signs of dissemination and remained free of recurrence or metastasis 12 months after undergoing simple surgical excision.

  2. Dermatobia hominis infestation: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowry, M A; McEvoy, P L

    1992-12-01

    The hazards presented by the Central American tropical environment are myriad. We report a case of cutaneous myiasis caused by the human botfly, Dermatobia hominis, in a soldier who had participated in military operations in Central America. The clinical presentation, treatment, and unique life cycle of the human botfly is discussed.

  3. Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica: Case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junping Sun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO is a rare disorder characterized as multiple osseous or cartilaginous nodules in the submucosa of trachea and main bronchi. TPO remains an under recognized entity due to lack of awareness. Four cases of TPO are reported in this review as well as various facets of TPO description.

  4. Idiopathic hepatic arterial malformation: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑蔚巍; 周康荣; 王佩芬; 陈祖望

    2003-01-01

    @@ Hepatic arterial malformation is a rare disorder which either origi nates idiopathically or may be associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiect asia (also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease). Although previous reports presented only descriptions of sonographic and angiographic findings,1-6 we present a case of splenic infarct caused by this disorder with CT and CTA findi ngs.

  5. Second Reactivation of Neurocysticercosis: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, Young Sup; Hwang, Hee Young; Choi, Hye Young; Kim, Jee Eun; Kim, Hyung Sik [Gil Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    This report describes the first case involving a second reactivation of neurocysticercosis. There was peripheral enhancement and surrounding edema at multiple calcified lesions in both cerebral hemispheres on the brain MRI. One must be aware of the possibility of reactivation of neurocysticercosis to make the correct diagnosis

  6. Diabetic Ketoacidosis Mimicking Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalım Dikmen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the life-threatening metabolic complications of diabetes mellitus. Here, we report a case of sudden fulminant onset of diabetes mellitus with severe ketoacidosis during the second trimester of pregnancy complicated by fetal death. Turk Jem 2011; 15: 71-3

  7. Distal metatarsal coalition: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Hwa Vun

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Our case report illustrates the importance of restoring normal weight bearing dynamics and pain relief when managing metatarsal coalition, or synostosis in skeletally immature patients. We recommend persevering with conservative treatment, with operative treatment reserved only as a later option, and ideally, until skeletal maturity is achieved.

  8. Dyke Davidoff Masson Syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    More Sumeet S, Jadhav Aravinash L, Garkal Shailendra M, Tewari Suresh C

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS is characterized by seizures, facial asymmetry, contralateral hemiplegia and mental retardation. The characteristic radiologic features are cerebral hemiatrophy with homolateral hypertrophy of the skull and sinuses. We report a case of DDMS in an 18years old girl who presented with a history of generalized tonic – clonic seizures, hemiparesis and hemiatrophy of right side.

  9. [Yolk sac tumor. Report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debbagh, A; Bennani, S; Jouhadi, H; Joual, A; el Mrini, M; Kahlain, A; Benjelloun, S

    2001-11-01

    Yolk sac tumor is rare in adult. We report a case in a young man aged of 23 years treated by orchiectomy, chemotherapy and retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy. Diagnosis is based on pathology who shows other cellular contingents. Treatment is based on orchiectomy and chemotherapy is indicated for residula masses. The prognosis is bad because metastasis is frequent.

  10. Anterior Chamber Live Loa loa: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagmeni, G; Cheuteu, R; Bilong, Y; Wiedemann, P

    2016-01-01

    We reported a case of unusual intraocular Loa loa in a 27-year-old patient who presented with painful red eye. Biomicroscopy revealed a living and active adult worm in the anterior chamber of the right eye. After surgical extraction under local anesthesia, parasitological identification confirmed L. loa filariasis.

  11. Case report : a black and white twin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claas, M. J.; Timmermans, A.; Bruinse, H. W.

    2010-01-01

    Albinism is an autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by a defective synthesis of melanin, resulting in a generalized reduction of pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes, and leading to an increased risk of skin cancer and vision problems. We report a case of a 22-year-old primigravida of Negr

  12. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Vani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, which results in oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding disorders, and storage of abnormal fat protein compound (liposomal accumulation of ceroid lipofuscin. The major complications of this disorder are pulmonary fibrosis (PF and colitis. This is a case report of an HPS patient with PF.

  13. Focal dermal hypoplasia: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahana M Srinivas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Focal dermal hypoplasia (Goltz syndrome is a rare genetic multisystem disorder primarily involving the skin, skeletal system, eyes, and face. We report the case of an eight-month-old female child who presented with multiple hypopigmented atrophic macules along the lines of blaschko, skeletal anomalies, umbilical hernia, developmental delay, hypoplastic nails, syndactyly, and lobster claw deformity characteristic of Goltz syndrome.

  14. Canine notoedric mange: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Federico

    2007-04-01

    Notoedric mange is a cutaneous ectoparasitic disease of cats caused by Notoedres cati, a mite belonging to the Sarcoptidae family. The disease occurs in felids, occasionally in other mammals and in humans. The canine form, even if cited by some authors, has never been documented. This report describes for the first time a case of notoedric mange in a dog.

  15. [Multiple retained deciduous teeth: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing; Lai, Wen-Li

    2009-06-01

    Retained deciduous teeth are defined as the succedaneous permanent teeth have erupted while the primary teeth were retained, or the permanent teeth unerupted while the primary teeth remained in the permanent dentition. One case of multiple retained deciduous teeth was reported.

  16. ASYMPTOMATIC ABSENT EPIGLOTTIS: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Absence or hypoplasia of the epiglottis is a rare anomaly. Most patients, with absent or hypoplastic epiglottis, have presented, life-threatening symptoms of respiratory distress and severe aspiration in infancy or early childhood. We report a case of completely asymptomatic 30 year old female with absent epiglottis posted for modified radical mastoidectomy for chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM).

  17. ALPORT’S SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

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    Vishal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Alport's syndrome is considered to be a widespread di sorder of basement membrane, clinically characterised by haematuric ne phritis, sensorineural deafness and ocular manifestations. Here we report a case of Alport’s syn drome with all the characteristic features

  18. Disulfiram-induced neuropathy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohapatra, Satyakam; Sahoo, Manas Ranjan; Rath, Neelmadhav

    2015-01-01

    Disulfiram is widely used for aversive treatment of alcoholism. Neuropathy is one of the most severe side effects of disulfiram therapy. We report the case of a young man who developed a neuropathy following disulfiram administration, with a virtually complete recovery within 2 months.

  19. Primary diffuse tracheobrochial amyloidosis: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oezer, Caner E-mail: mnduce@hotmail.com; Nass Duce, Meltem; Yildiz, Altan; Apaydin, F. Demir; Egilmez, Hulusi; Arpaci, Taner

    2002-10-01

    Respiratory amyloidosis is a rare disease that occurs in three forms: tracheobronchial, nodular parenchymal and diffuse parenchymal involvement. Tracheobronchial amyloidosis is characterized by focal or diffuse deposition of amyloid in the submucosa of the trachea and proximal bronchi. Herein, we report a case of diffuse tracheobronchial amyloidosis with plain radiography and thorax computed tomography findings.

  20. Galactorrhea during duloxetine treatment: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkmaz, Sevda; Kuloğlu, Murat; Işık, Umut; Sağlam, Sadullah; Atmaca, Murad

    2011-01-01

    High prolactin hormone level in the blood is known as hyperprolactinemia. The most common symptom of hyperprolactinemia is galactorrhea, in which spontaneous milky discharge is seen from all ducts of the 2 mammary glands. Galactorrhea occurs due to different medical conditions, including the use of antidepressant medications. Herein we report a hyperprolactinemia case with galactorrhea due to duloxetine treatment for depression.

  1. Papillon-Lefevre syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramaniam P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Papillon-Lefevre syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder. The clinical manifestations include palmer planter hyperkeratosis with precocious progressive periodontal disease that results in premature exfoliation of primary and permanent dentitions. Patients are often edentulous at an early age. This is a case report of prosthodontic rehabilitation of a 15-year-old girl with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.

  2. Abiraterone-induced rhabdomyolysis: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Donald C; Moore, Andrew

    2017-03-01

    Abiraterone is an inhibitor of androgen biosynthesis indicated for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Common side effects include diarrhea, edema, hypokalemia, hypertension, and liver function test abnormalities. We report a case of rhabdomyolysis developing in association with the use of abiraterone. Following discontinuation of abiraterone, creatine kinase concentrations decreased gradually throughout the duration of the hospitalization.

  3. Malakoplakia of liver: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botros, Noha; Yan, Sen R; Wanless, Ian R

    2014-07-01

    Malakoplakia is an unusual chronic inflammatory condition characterized by the presence of Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. Patients with malakoplakia often have an immunodeficiency state. It is believed that malakoplakia results from a defective macrophage response to phagocytosed bacteria. Malakoplakia most commonly affects the genitourinary tract. Cases confined to the liver are rare, with only five cases described in the literature. We report two cases of malakoplakia of liver; both were incidental autopsy findings. The first case involves a 53-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus and chronic refractory pancytopenia who presented with febrile neutropenia. His blood culture was positive for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Enterococcus faecium, and he subsequently developed invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. The second case involves a 60-year-old man who presented with a mass in periorbital tissue which, on biopsy, showed inflammation and Treponema-like spirochetes. He died unexpectedly at home. Autopsy revealed adrenal gland chronic inflammation and abscess. Both cases had grossly normal livers with microscopic findings of calcified targetoid structures consistent with Michaelis-Gutmann bodies. In these cases, malakoplakia was an incidental finding confined to liver. Although asymptomatic in these cases, diagnosis in the liver may be useful to initiate a search for hepatic or non-hepatic infections.

  4. A Case Report of Concha Bullosa Mucocele

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    A. Koosha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A mucocele is an epithelial lined mucus-containing sac, completely filling paranasal sinus and capable of expansion.Sinus orifice obstruction produces aggregation of mucosal discharge from respiratory epithelium inside them that is called sinus mucocele. Case Report: Present case-report is related to a case of concha bullosa mucocele in a 18-year-old girl presenting to the clinic due to partial obstruction of left-side nasal cavity over 8 months ago and then completed obstruction within the recent two months. The patient underwent surgical operation with a likely diagnosis of concha bullosa mucocele.Conclusion: Pathologic study on the specimen taken during the surgery supported the mucocele. Post-operatively, no complication was detected. In a second examination within two months after the operation,the nasal cavity was open and no complication was found.

  5. Hypotropic Dissociated Vertical Deviation; a Case Report

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    Zhale Rajavi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report the clinical features of a rare case of hypotropic dissociated vertical deviation (DVD. Case report: A 25-year-old female was referred with unilateral esotropia, hypotropia and slow variable downward drift in her left eye. She had history of esotropia since she had been 3-4 months of age. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in her right eye and 20/40 in the left one when hyperopia was corrected. She underwent bimedial rectus muscle recession of 5.25mm for 45 prism diopters (PDs of esotropia. She was orthophoric 3 months after surgery and no further operation was planned for correction of the hypotropic DVD. Conclusion: This rare case of hypotropic DVD showed only mild amblyopia in her non-fixating eye. The etiology was most probably acquired considering hyperopia as a sign of early onset accommodative esotropia.

  6. [Shigella bacteremia. Report of three cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Trallero, E; López Lopategui, C; Fernández Pérez, F

    1981-03-10

    Shigella bacteremia is very uncommon, although it is known to occur in Shigella infection. Three cases of Shigella flexneri bacteremia are reported, two of them diagnosed at the Residencia Ntra. Sra. de Aránzazu of San Sebastián, and another at the Ciudad Sanitaria Francisco Franco of Barcelona. In spite of the frequency of Shigella infections in Spain, no cases of Shigella bacteriemia had been heretofore reported from our country. One of the patients was an alcoholic woman who died in coma and renal failure. The other two cases were children who had an uneventful recovery. Stool cultures were positive for Shigella flexneri in two of the three patients. In the third the bacillus could not be isolated from the stools in spite of three consecutive cultures.

  7. Spontaneous Perforation of Pyometra: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyometra is the accumulation of purulent material in the uterine cavity. Its reported incidence is 0.01–0.5% in gynecologic patients; however, as far as elderly patients are concerned, its incidence is 13.6% [3]. The most common cause of pyometra is malignant diseases of genital tract and the consequences of their treatment (radiotherapy. Other causes are benign tumors like leiomyoma, endometrial polyps, senile cervicitis, cervical occlusion after surgery, puerperal infections, and congenital cervical anomalies. Spontaneous rupture of the uterus is an extremely rare complication of pyometra. To our knowledge, only 21 cases of spontaneous perforation of pyometra have been reported in English literature since 1980. This paper reports an additional case of spontaneous uterine rupture.

  8. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Dermatomyositis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sfriso

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nasopharyngeal carcinoma has long been reported as the predominant type of cancer associated with dermatomyositis in many several Asian countries, including Hong Kong, Singapore, and Southern-Cina. Dermatomyositis is one of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies showing characteristic cutaneous manifestations. Reviews from the western literature have demonstrated that certain cancers, such as ovarian and breast carcinoma in women and lung and prostate carcinoma in men, are highly associated with DM relative to the general population. We report the case of a Caucasian Italian patient with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and dermatomyositis. Considering the rarity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma among whites, both the detection and the report of each new case are noteworthy in defining the geographic and ethnic distribution of this tumor.

  9. Pneumatic Rupture of Rectosigmoid; a Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montazeri, Mohammad; Farhangi, Bahman; Montazeri, Mahmood

    2014-01-01

    Pneumatic rectosigmoid rapture is usually occurred following the inappropriate fun by direct entering a high volume of the air through the pneumatic device to the anus. Such an event was reported for the first time in 1904 by Stone. Diagnosis and treatment of such injuries are often delayed because of some social limitations and preventing the patient form explaining the event. Colon sigmoid rupture and pneumoperitoneum is one of the most dangerous and life treating complications of entering a high volume of the air to the rectum in a short time. There are only a few reports regarding the similar cases. Here, a case of pneumatic rectosigmoid rapture was reported in a 53 year-old male following an inappropriate fun.

  10. Pneumatic Rupture of Rectosigmoid; a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Montazeri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pneumatic rectosigmoid rapture is usually occurred following the inappropriate fun by direct entering a high volume of the air through the pneumatic device to the anus. Such an event was reported for the first time in 1904 by Stone. Diagnosis and treatment of such injuries are often delayed because of some social limitations and preventing the patient form explaining the event. Colon sigmoid rupture and pneumoperitoneum is one of the most dangerous and life treating complications of entering a high volume of the air to the rectum in a short time. There are only a few reports regarding the similar cases. Here, a case of pneumatic rectosigmoid rapture was reported in a 53 year-old male following an inappropriate fun.

  11. Trazodone induced galactorrhea: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Filiz Civil; Uysal, Emel Korkmaz; Ozkorumak, Evrim; Tiryaki, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Trazodone is a heterocyclic antidepressant that exerts its effect via the inhibition of selective serotonin reuptake and the antagonism of 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors. Antidepressant-induced galactorrhea and increases in prolactin levels have rarely been reported. Trazodone can potentiate the serotonergic activity of citalopram. To our knowledge, no cases of galactorrhea associated with use of trazodone have been reported to date. This report describes a unique case of the development of galactorrhea following the addition of trazodone (100 mg/day, 2 weeks) to the treatment of a patient who was receiving citalopram (40 mg/day, 6 weeks) therapy for a diagnosis of depressive disorder, which improved upon the discontinuation of trazodone.

  12. Lucio's phenomenon: exuberant case report and review of Brazilian cases*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Rafael Henrique; Emerich, Paulo Sergio; Diniz, Lucia Martins; de Oliveira, Marcela Bahia Barretto; Cabral, Aline Neves Freitas; do Amaral, Ana Cristina Vervloet

    2016-01-01

    Lucio’s phenomenon is an uncommon reaction characterized by severe necrotizing cutaneous lesions that occurs in patients with Lucio’s leprosy and lepromatous leprosy. It is considered by some authors as a variant of type 2 or 3 reaction. Death can occur because of blood dyscrasia or sepsis. Precipitating factors include infections, drugs and pregnancy. We report a 31-year-old female patient exhibiting both clinical and histopathological features of lepromatous leprosy and Lucio’s phenomenon presenting favorable response to treatment. We complement our report with a literature review of the Brazilian cases of Lucio’s phenomenon published in Portuguese and English.

  13. Leigh’s Disease: A case Report

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    Nikhil Verma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Leigh disease is a progressive degenerative, mitochondrial disorder of childhood with most cases become apparent during infancy. In most cases it presents as a progressive neurological disease with motor and intellectual developmental delay, developmental regression and signs and symptoms of brain stem and/or basal ganglia involvement. Raised lactate levels in blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid is noted. It is the neuro imaging, mainly the Magnetic Resonance Imaging showing characteristic symmetrical necrotic lesions in the basal ganglia and/or brain stem that leads to the diagnosis. Here, we report a case of 3years old male child presenting to us with status epilepticus, delayed developmental milestones and regression of the achieved milestones suspected to be a case of neurodegenerative disorder, which on MRI was diagnosed as Leigh’s disease.

  14. TRAUMATIC RUPTURE OF DIAPHGRAM: A CASE REPORT

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    Vidyadhar Kinhal

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Diaphragmatic injury (DI is a rare clinical entity. It can be obvious on Chest X - ray or have an occult and delayed presentation with non - diagnostic imaging studies, thus being easily missed. A high index of suspicion should be maintained in such cases because delayed diagnosis is associated with an increased risk for herniation and strangulation of abdominal organs, leading to life threatening consequences. For patients with uncertain diagnosis - diagnostic laparoscopy, thoracoscopy or open surgical exploration may be needed. In established cases DI is repaired with open surgical or minimally invasive techniques. Neglected DI is associated with high mortality. Its diagnosis becomes difficult especially in poly trauma patients and occult cases. Therefore, the detection, an accurate diagnosis and prompt management is a real challenge. We report a case of DI due to blunt thoraco abdominal trauma in a 28 - year - old gentleman managed successfully at our hospital

  15. Acquired hepatocerebral degeneration: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-Xing Chen; Ping Wang; Sen-Xiang Yan; You-Ming Li; Chao-Hui Yu; Ling-Ling Jiang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: Acquired hepatocerebral degeneration (AHD) is an exceptional type of hepatic encephalopathies (HE). It is characterized by neuropsychiatric and extrapyramidal symptomathology similar to that seen in hepatolenticular degeneration (Wilson's disease). In this paper, we report a case of AHD with unusual presenting features.METHODS: A 28-year-old man with AHD was described and the literature was reviewed.RESULTS: The man had a history of HBV-related liver cirrhosis. He was admitted to our hospital with apathy,dysarthria, mild consciousness impairment and extrapyramidal symptoms after hematemesis. By review of the literature,cases with AHD often did not present consciousness impairment. So our case was once diagnosed incorrectly as Wilson's disease.CONCLUSION: AHD is a rare syndrome and its variable clinical manifestations make it difficult to be diagnosed.But we believe that extensive examination and thorough understanding of the disease are beneficial to a correct diagnosis. Moreover, biocoene is effective in treating the case.

  16. [Primary hepatic actinomycosis: a case of inflammatory pseudotumor (case report)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamsel, Sadik; Demirpolat, Gülgün; Killi, Refik; Elmas, Nevra

    2004-06-01

    Actinomycosis is an uncommon chronic infection in which primary liver involvement accounts for 5% of all actinomycotic infections. Abdominal actinomycosis is a severe and progressive peritoneal infection due to an anaerobic gram-positive bacterium, Actinomyces israelii. The presence of a long-standing intrauterine device (IUD) is a well-known risk factor in young women. Although hepatic lesions are present in 15% of cases of abdominal actinomycotic infection, liver involvement in the majority of these cases is attributable to metastatic spread from other evident intraabdominal sites. Hepatic actinomycosis presents most commonly as a single abscess. However, hepatic actinomycosis can closely mimic a malignant tumor on clinical and radiological examination. Such lesions have been termed inflammatory pseudotumors. Tissue specimens for microscopic examination are necessary for diagnosis. We report a rare case of inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver caused by actinomycotic infection.

  17. Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease: three case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre de Andrade Sousa

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD manifests in most cases as unilateral cervical lymphadenomegaly, with or without accompanying fever. The disease mainly affects young women and has a self-limited course. It is more common in oriental countries, with few reports of its occurrence in Brazil. KFD should be included in the differential diagnosis of suspected cases of viral infections, tuberculosis, reactive lymphadenitis, systemic lupus erythematosus and metastatic diseases. It can be histologically confused with lymphoma. The disease is benign and self-limiting and an excisional biopsy of an affected lymph node is necessary for diagnosis. There is no specific therapy. CASE REPORTS: This study reports on three cases of non-Asian female patients with KFD who were attended at our service between 2003 and 2006. A review of the literature was carried out, with a systematic search on this topic, with the aim of informing physicians about this entity that is manifested by cervical masses and fever.

  18. Regional Odontodysplasia: Report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashidian A.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Regional odontodysplasia is a rare dental anomaly affecting both primary and adult dentitions in the maxilla or mandible or both jaws, whilst involvement of the maxilla is more common [1-2]. In most cases, one quadrant is affected. One of the characteristics of this anomaly is discolored and soft teeth that can be accompanied by swelling or abscess. In this anomaly, enamel and dentin are thin and hypoplastic, therefore, the teeth give the impression of “ghost teeth” [2, 8]. In radiography, the delineation between enamel and dentin is not clear and pulp chamber is wide. Histologically, areas of hypocalcified enamel are observed and the enamel prisms appear to be irregular in direction [2]. There is a distur-bance in dentin formation and dentinal tubules are reduced in number. The etiology of regional odontodysplasia is still unknown [8]. Managements of these cases should be based on the esthetics and functional needs as well as the degree of involvement.This report describes a case of regional odontodysplasia in a 3.5 year old Iranian girl whose chief complaint was the abscess formation in the left maxillary primary molar re-gion. This case study aims to report the clinical and radiological findings of the current case.

  19. Regional Odontodysplasia: Report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashidian, A; Afsharian Zadeh, M; Azarshab, M; Zarrabian, T

    2013-12-01

    Regional odontodysplasia is a rare dental anomaly affecting both primary and adult dentitions in the maxilla or mandible or both jaws, whilst involvement of the maxilla is more common [1-2]. In most cases, one quadrant is affected. One of the characteristics of this anomaly is discolored and soft teeth that can be accompanied by swelling or abscess. In this anomaly, enamel and dentin are thin and hypoplastic, therefore, the teeth give the impression of "ghost teeth" [2, 8]. In radiography, the delineation between enamel and dentin is not clear and pulp chamber is wide. Histologically, areas of hypocalcified enamel are observed and the enamel prisms appear to be irregular in direction [2]. There is a disturbance in dentin formation and dentinal tubules are reduced in number. The etiology of regional odontodysplasia is still unknown [8]. Managements of these cases should be based on the esthetics and functional needs as well as the degree of involvement. This report describes a case of regional odontodysplasia in a 3.5 year old Iranian girl whose chief complaint was the abscess formation in the left maxillary primary molar region. This case study aims to report the clinical and radiological findings of the current case.

  20. Pediatric Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divya Nandwani, OD

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH presents differently in prepubertal children as compared to postpubertal children and adults. In adults, IIH is most common in obese women of child-bearing age. However, when occurring in prepubertal children, IIH has been shown to have no predilection for gender and does not correlate with obesity. This case report exemplifies the rare occurrence of IIH in a pediatric patient. Case Report: A five-year-old Hispanic female patient was seen at the University Eye Center for a longstanding hypotropia secondary to a likely congenital fourth nerve palsy with an exotropia component. After a strabismus surgery and a series of follow-up visits, bilateral swollen optic nerves were observed, and a prompt referral to the emergency room was made. Consequently, she was diagnosed with IIH. A treatment regimen of acetazolamide was initiated with subsequent improvement of the clinical presentation of increased intracranial pressure, confirmed by the reduction of swelling of her optic nerves. Conclusions: Bilateral swelling of the optic nerves can be an emergency, especially in children. It is important urgently to rule out causes for increased intracranial pressure. If treatment is significantly delayed, or if no treatment is given to a patient with this condition, loss of visual function may occur. In addition to reporting a rare circumstance of pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension, this case report serves to remind eye care practitioners of the importance of monitoring the ocular health of patients closely, even in young, healthy children.

  1. Anaplastic carcinoma of the pancreas: Case report and literature review of reported cases in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshimoto, Sojun; Matsui, Junichi; Miyata, Ryohei; Takigawa, Yutaka; Miyauchi, Jun

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of a 64-year-old woman with anaplastic carcinoma of the pancreas (ACP) with cyst formation and review 60 ACP cases reported in Japan. In 20% of cases, laboratory tests revealed severe anemia (hemoglobin level 12000/mm3), which were likely attributable to rapid tumor growth, intratumoral hemorrhage, and necrosis. Elevated serum CA19-9 levels were observed in 55% of cases. Cyst-like structures were observed on imaging in 47% of cases, and this finding appears to reflect subsequent cystic degeneration in the lesion. Macroscopically, hemorrhagic necrosis was observed in 77% of cases, and cyst formation was observed in 33% of cases. ACP should be considered when diagnosing pancreatic tumors with a cyst-like appearance, especially in the presence of severe anemia, elevated leucocyte counts, or elevated serum CA19-9 levels.

  2. Osteomalacia mimicking spondyloarthropathy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garip, Y; Dedeoglu, M; Bodur, H

    2014-07-01

    Osteomalacia is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by impaired mineralization of bone matrix. Symptoms of osteomalacia can be confused with other conditions such as spondyloarthropathy, polymyalgia rheumatica, polymyositis, and fibromyalgia. In this case, we report a patient with axial osteomalacia who developed low back pain, morning stiffness, and "grade 3 sacroiliitis" in pelvis X-ray, leading to the misdiagnosis as seronegative spondyloarthropathy. Serum biochemical studies revealed low serum phosphorus, low 25-hydroxy vitamin D3, normal calcium, elevated parathyroid hormone, and alkaline phosphatase levels. Her symptoms were relieved with vitamin D and calcium therapy. The diagnosis of osteomalacia should be considered in case of sacroiliitis and spondylitis.

  3. Adrenal Myelolipoma- A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayalaxmi V. Suranagi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Adrenal myelolipoma (AML is a rare benign tumour composed of mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic tissue. Very few cases have been reported. Most of these patients are asymptomatic. We present a rare case of Adrenal Myelolipoma where the patient presented with hypertension and a clinical suspicion of Pheochromocytoma, which turned out to be an Adrenal myelolipoma. Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare entity, not encountered frequently and can occur as an incidental finding. Awareness regarding this entity is very much essential to exclude surgical exploration or extensive surgery.

  4. Para Bombay phenotype--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathai, J; Sulochana, P V; Sathyabhama, S

    1997-10-01

    Bombay phenotype is peculiar in that red cells are not agglutinated by antisera A, B or H; while serum contains anti A, B and H. Existence of modifying genes at independent loci with variable expression of ABO genes is postulated. We report here a case of partial suppression where antigens could be detected by elution tests and unlike classical Bombay type, normal amount of appropriate blood group substances were present in saliva. This case of para Bombay phenotype was detected as a result of discrepancy in cell and serum group ng. This highlights the importance of both forward and reverse grouping in ABO testing.

  5. Albright hereditary osteodystrophy: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goswami M

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO is a rare hereditary metabolic disorder that may be associated with or without resistant to parathyroid hormone (pseudohypoparathyroidism. It is commonly characterized by a constellation of physical features of short stature, round face, short neck, and small metacarpals and metatarsals, mild mental retardation, osteoporosis, subcutaneous calcification, and sometimes olfactory and hearing functional defect. Hypocalcaemia and hyperphosphatemia are the most important manifestations of the case. We report a clinical case of siblings with AHO with reduced Gs-alpha activity and we discuss their clinical features with oral manifestations, radiographic findings, laboratory tests along with treatment.

  6. Secondary silent sinus syndrome:case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绪锐; 赵小冬

    2004-01-01

    @@ Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is characterized by spontaneous and progressive unilateral enophthalmos with no other symptoms. Maxillary sinus atelectasis displayed on CT will be helpful for clinical diagnosis. The operation for better maxillary sinus ventilation shows good therapeutic effects and prognosis. In 1964, Montgometry1 described the first case of patient whose enophthalmos was caused by mucocele of the maxillary sinus. Since then, all otolaryngologists have taken more and more attention to this syndrome. And by June 2000, a total of 45 cases had been reported worldwide.

  7. Decompression of inferior alveolar nerve: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Tiago Miguel Santos; Gomes, Joana Marques

    2011-01-01

    Paresthesia as a result of mechanical trauma is one of the most frequent sensory disturbances of the inferior alveolar nerve. This case report describes surgical treatment for paresthesia caused by a compressive phenomenon within the mandibular canal. The cause of the compression, a broken instrument left in the patient's mouth during previous endodontic therapy, was identified during routine radiography and computed tomography. Once the foreign object was removed by surgery, the paresthesia resolved quickly. This case highlights the potential for an iatrogenic mechanical cause of paresthesia.

  8. Lyme Meningoradiculitis: Case Reports and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smaranda Maier

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The clinical manifestations of Lyme disease are protean. The meningoradiculitis is a common and well-recognized complication of neuroborreliosis but can be easily misdiagnosed without a high degree of clinical suspicion, mainly if the tick bite is not present in the medical history. We report two cases of Lyme meningoradiculitis with excellent outcome after appropriate antibiotic therapy. In an endemic area in case of neurological manifestations suggestive for neuroborreliosis the serological testing for B. burgdorferi in serum and cerebrospinal fluid is imperative for the correct diagnosis.

  9. Vulvar Langerhans cell histiocytosis: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoummane, Nadia; Guimeya, Cyriane; Lipombi, Dominique; Gielen, François

    2014-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytoses (LCH) are a rare group of disorders that comprise a large spectrum of diseases initially known as histiocytosis X. In this case report, we relate a case of LCH affecting the vulva of a 47-year-old female. The patient presented since 3 years with a vulvar lesion characterized by non-healing ulcers and a perineal granuloma on which she underwent surgery. Professionals should keep in mind not to treat straightforwardly lesions of the genital tract as simple sexually transmitted diseases. Chronic, atypical genital lesions seen in women need to be worked up and dealt with accordingly. PMID:25404979

  10. Central odontogenic fibroma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo [School of Dentistry, Busan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    Central odontogenic fibroma is a rare odontogenic neoplasm that originates from odontogenic ectomesenchyme. Here, a case of central odontogenic fibroma in a 17-year-old male is reported. Since the present case showed a multilocular radiolucency with partially ill-defined border between the right mandibular condyle and the distal root of the right mandibular third molar, differential diagnosis involved a wide range of pathosis from benign lesions like ameoloblastic fibroma and odontogenic myxoma to more aggressive lesions such as desmoplastic fibroma, juvenile aggressive fibromatosis, or fibrosarcoma.

  11. Muscular cysticercosis: Case report and imaging findings

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    Neide Regina Simões Olmo

    Full Text Available Summary Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by a worm of the Cestoda class. The most prevalent form affects the nervous system. This case report is from a 78-year-old female patient evaluated at Clínica Mult Imagem, in the city of Santos, Brazil, who presented a form of the disease that differed from the classic neurocysticercosis, in this case muscular cysticercosis. This and other forms of manifestation justify further studies to ensure adequate recognition, diagnosis and treatment of this parasitic disease.

  12. Serotonin Syndrome With Fluoxetine: Two Case Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Dipen Dineshkumar

    2016-01-01

    Background: Serotonin syndrome is a rare but serious complication of treatment with serotonergic agents. In its severe manifestations, death can ensue. Early recognition and aggressive management are crucial to mitigating the syndrome. Often the presentation can be subtle and easy to miss. Case Reports: We present 2 cases of serotonin syndrome seen in the psychiatric consultation service of a busy academic hospital. Both patients had favorable outcomes because of early recognition and aggressive management. Conclusion: Physicians should carefully consider and rule out the clinical diagnosis of serotonin syndrome when presented with an agitated or confused patient who is taking serotonergic agents. PMID:27999518

  13. Torus palatinus. Report of two cases

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    María Lorena Re Domínguez

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The torus is a non-neoplastic slow growing bone protuberance, which is usually manifested before the age of 30; Set in the hard palate is called “Torus Palatinus”, and located in the lower jaw – “Torus mandibularis”. In most cases, the diagnosis is usually incidental, during clinical examination, due to other reasons. The reason is that they are usually asymptomatic and patients are not aware of carrying a torus; hence the conservation treatment, unless it poses problems for the patient. We report two cases of incidental detected palatal torus in women.

  14. Pseudo ventricular tachycardia: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Riaz, A

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Dramatic artifacts of pseudo flutter have been reported in the past secondary to various factors including tremor (Handwerker and Raptopoulos in N Engl J Med 356:503, 2007) and dialysis machines (Kostis et al. in J Electrocardiol 40(4):316-318, 2007). METHODS: We present this unusual case where the artifact, produced by tremor, was so pronounced to be misdiagnosed and treated as ventricular tachycardia. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of correlating ECG findings with history and clinical examination and of using 12 lead ECGs for rhythm interpretation especially to confirm consistence of arrhythmias in all leads.

  15. Beer induced angioedema – A case report

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    Mrinal Gupta

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Beer is a popular alcoholic beverage consumed all over the world. Type I hypersensitivity reactions like urticaria and anaphylaxis due to beer have been reported very infrequently in the literature. We report a case of a 29 year old male who presented with episodes of acute urticaria and angioedema after intake of beer while tolerating other alcoholic beverages. A positive prick test to beer was observed which confirmed the diagnosis of beer induced angioedema. On cessation of beer consumption, no recurrence was observed over a follow-up period of six months.

  16. Giant Breast Cyst. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Magaly González González del Pino

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Breast cancer in women is among the top three causes of death in the world and in our country it is, according to the latest statistics, in the first place. We report the case of a woman aged 94, who died at the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguia Lima General University Hospital of Cienfuegos, with a diagnosis of breast malignancy with metastases. The autopsy, was conducted on November 7, 2009 and it confirmed the presence of giant benign cyst, from which this report was prepared.

  17. Partial trisomy 4q: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Ying-xia; WANG Yun-hua; HAO Li-jun; HOU Lin; LI Wei; HUANG Yun-feng

    2006-01-01

    @@ The clinical findings frequently presented in trisomy 4q syndrome including mental retardation, developmental delay and multiple abnormalities such as microcephaly, acrocephaly, as well as malformed ears, high/broad/depressed nasal bridge, teeth and thumb anomalies. It has been proposed that trisomy 4q is caused by a familial balanced translocation or a de novo imbalance. We reported a new case of trisomy 4q with a karyotype of 46, XY, der(5)t(4;5)(q27;q35) and this karyotye was reported for the first time.

  18. Calcifying Bowel Inflammation: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Klein

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We report about a previously healthy 72 year-old woman, presented with 6 days of left lower quadrant abdominal pain and constipation. There was no report of fever, melena, hematochezia or change in appetite. The physical exam demonstrated a distended abdomen with palpable left lower quadrant pain, without guarding. CT showed images compatible with a sigmoid diverticulitis and a calcification of the sigmoid colon. After antibiotic threatment, a colonoscopy was performed which revealed the presence of a shell in the sigmoid colon. Our case illustrates the need for a colonoscopy following an attack of diverticulitis to look for a cancer or rarely a foreign body.

  19. Ectopia cordis: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuko-Jowi, C; Simiyu, D E; Musoke, R

    2004-09-01

    Ectopia Cordis is a dramatic but rare cardiac anomaly with poor prognosis in most centers worldwide. This rare malformation occurs in 5.5-7.9 per million live births in the USA(1). This cardiac malformation is defined as a heart that is in an extra- thoracic position. In this article, we report two newborn infants admitted to our newborn unit with the heart beating outside the thoracic cavity. One child succumbed due to prematurity and severe cardiac malformations, while the other child successfully underwent surgical reconstruction of the ectopia cordis. She succumbed due to overwhelming sepsis one week after the surgery. Such cases have neither been reported nor treated locally.

  20. Proximal iliotibial band syndrome: case report

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    Guilherme Guadagnini Falotico

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The overuse injuries in the hip joint occur commonly in sports practitioners and currently due to technical advances in diagnostic imaging, especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, are often misdiagnosed. Recently, a group of people were reported, all female, with pain and swelling in the pelvic region.T2-weighted MRI showed increased signal in the enthesis of the iliotibial band (ITB along the lower border of the iliac tubercle. We report a case of a 34 year old woman, non-professional runner, with pain at the iliac crest with no history of trauma and whose MRI was compatible with the proximal iliotibial band syndrome.

  1. Familial myasthenia gravis: report of four cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Lamartine de Assis

    1976-09-01

    Full Text Available Two pairs of siblings with myasthenia gravis, belonging to two different families, are reported. This is the only record of familial myasthenia during the past twenty years, in a total of 145 patients seen at the Neurological Clinic of the São Paulo Medical School. In spite of the fact that myasthenia gravis does not show hereditary characteristics, the peculiar features of the four cases justify the present report. The two pairs of siblings were born from non myasthenic nor consanguineous parents. The disease started at birth showing bilateral partial eyelid ptosis in all patients. The course of the illness has been favorable. There was no thymoma.

  2. Papilliferous Keratoameloblastoma: An Extremely Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeta Mohanty

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontogenic tumors develop in the jaw bones from the odontogenic tissue-oral epithelium in tooth germ, enamel organ, dental papilla, reduced enamel epithelium, remnants of Hertwig’s root sheath or dental lamina, and so forth. Hence, a bewildering variety of tumors are encountered in the maxilla and mandible. Ameloblastoma is the second most common odontogenic neoplasm after odontomes, and it has numerous clinical and histologic variants. We report a very rare histologic variant: the papilliferous keratoameloblastoma which is the fifth reported case in the English literature.

  3. Orthostatic proteinuria with nutcracker phenomenon: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Noh Hyuck; Song, Soon Young; Lee, En Ja; Kim, Mi Sung; Kim, Byung Gil [College of Medicine, Kwandong Univ., Koyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    Orthostatic proteinuria has been recognized as a benign condition with a good prognosis and has not been associated with any underlying glomerular disease. The pathogenesis of orthostatic proteinuria is unclear. Recently, a few foreign reports suggested that the nutcracker phenomenon, which is known as a cause of asymptomatic hematuria, may also be a major cause of orthostatic proteinuria. We report a case of a 12-year-old female patient presenting only with orthostatic proteinuria, who was diagnosed as having nutcracker phenomenon by Doppler study and venography.

  4. Goldenhar Syndrome: A Case Report with Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Mridula; Jangra, Babita

    2016-01-01

    Goldenhar syndrome is a rare condition which is characterized by a multitude of anomalies involving craniofacial structures, vertebrae, internal organs and usually occurs unilaterally. The etiology of this syndrome is unclear since it varies genetically and is linked to a plethora of reasons. Herein, we report a case of Goldenhar syndrome with hemifacial microsomia and microtia along with systemic involvement which was clinically and radio-graphically assessed. Many classical signs of the syndrome were present in the patient along with few rare ones. The various aspects of this rare disease have been discussed with emphasis on timely diagnosis and multidisciplinary approach to manage it. How to cite this article Goswami M, Bhushan U, Jangra B. Goldenhar Syndrome: A Case Report with Review. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(3):278-280. PMID:27843263

  5. Fetal diprosopus (Double face: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onankpa BO, Ukwu E, Singh S, Adoke AU, Tahir A

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Diprosopus is an extremely rare form of congenital anomaly that results in partial or total duplication of the face. Most cases of diprosopus are delivered as stillborn or die few moments after delivery. The aim of this report is to alert clinicians that the antenatal finding of polyhydramnious may be strongly associated with fetal diprosopus, this routine high resolution anomaly scans should be recommended to help detect such anomaly early in pregnancy. We report a case of a female neonate with partial duplication of the face (diprosopus delivered by a 39 year old booked multipara. Baby’s condition deteriorated within 24hrs with worsening respiratory distress and died on the 2nd day of life.

  6. Case report. Pityriasis versicolor mimicking Pityriasis rotunda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aste, Nicola; Pau, Monica; Aste, Natalia; Biggio, P

    2002-04-01

    Pityriasis versicolor is a common dermatomycosis, occurring throughout the world, characterized by irregular, slightly scaly patches, varying in color from red/light brown to white. Pityriasis rotunda, on the other hand, is an uncommon disease, reported in specific ethnic groups, and characterized by perfectly round or oval patches of varying color, with a scaly surface. The histologic pattern is that of ichthyosis vulgaris. We report here the case of a male patient, aged 31, from Sardinia (Italy), affected by Pityriasis versicolor mimicking Pityriasis rotunda. Mycological examination allowed us to formulate the correct diagnosis, and ensuing treatment with antifungal drugs was entirely successful. The authors, while pointing out the rarity of this case, stress the possibility that Pityriasis versicolor mimics Pityriasis rotunda and vice-versa, especially in those countries in which the two diseases are endemic. More widespread recourse to microscopic examination can help avoid the risk of mistaken diagnosis and consequent incorrect treatment.

  7. Case report of fatal Mycobacterium tilburgii infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akpinar, Timur; Bakkaloglu, Oguz K; Ince, Burak; Tufan, Fatih; Kose, Murat; Poda, Mehves; Tascioglu, Didem; Koksalan, O Kaya; Saka, Bulent; Erten, Nilgun; Buyukbabani, Nesimi; Kilicaslan, Zeki; Tascioglu, Cemil

    2015-07-01

    There are few reports concerning Mycobacterium tilburgii infection in humans because this bacterium is non-cultivatable. Herein, using new molecular techniques, we report the case of an immunocompromised patient with fatal disseminated lymphadenitis that was caused by M. tilburgii.26 years old Caucasian HIV negative female patient presented with abdominal pain. Her clinical assessment revealed disseminated lymphadenitis, that was acid fast bacilli positive. Further molecular evaluation showed the causative agent as M. tilburgii. Despite anti mycobacterial therapy and careful management of intervening complications patient died because of an intraabdominal sepsis. This is the first fatal M. tilburgii infection in the literature. This case points the importance of careful management of patient's immune status and intervening infections besides implementation of effective drug treatment.

  8. Relapsing massive metal bezoar: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prieto-Aldape Manuel

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Bezoars are uncommon findings in the gastrointestinal tract and are composed of a wide variety of materials. We report a case of a relapsing metal bezoar in a man with schizophrenia. Case presentation A 34-year-old man presented with a history of sub-acute onset of mild diffuse abdominal pain and abdominal distention. Physical examination revealed dullness to percussion in the upper and lower left quadrants. Past medical history was remarkable for epilepsy, schizophrenia and previous abdominal surgery for intestinal occlusion. Plain radiographs revealed objects of metal density contained within a dilated stomach. Celiotomy was performed revealing more than 350 metal objects inside the stomach. The patient was discharged and referred to a psychiatric facility. Conclusion Intestinal occlusion in patients with psychiatric disorders can result from rare causes such as bezoars. This report alerts surgeons to rule out bezoars in the differential diagnosis of intestinal occlusion in people with mental health problems.

  9. Hidden caries’ challenge diagnosis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Mara de Paiva Bertoli

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hidden caries is a term used to describe occlusal dentine caries that is missed on a visual examination, but is large and demineralised enough to be detected by another exam for example, radiographs. Case report: This article reports a case of large dentine caries, which presented as to be a small pit-and-fissure carious lesion on the occlusal surface of the right mandibular permanent first molar in a 10-year-old girl. The treatment included root canal treatment and the sealing of the cavity with composite resin. Conclusion: Careful visual examination, with cleaning and drying of teeth, associated to bitewing radiographs may improve occlusal caries detection. Dentists should examine bitewing radiographs carefully for proximal caries and occlusal demineralization. Radiographs are an effective method of caries diagnosis that can avoid large destruction and allows less invasive treatment.

  10. [Pharmacological Tests for Horner Syndrome - Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skorkovská, K

    2016-01-01

    The case report presents a patient, who was examined at our department due to anisocoria that was present for more than one year. Besides the anisocoria the patient had no other pathological symptoms. The pupil on the right eye was larger than on the left eye by more than 1mm. Photoreaction was present on both eyes with a dilatation deficit on the left eye. There was also a slight ptosis on the left. The anterior and posterior eye segment was normal, only the iris of the left eye was slightly decoloured. The ophthalmological finding was pointing to Horner syndrome on the left side. The cause of the syndrome was not found. The case report discusses current problems of pharmacological pupillary tests used in Horner syndrome. Alternatives to the standard cocaine test are proposed, with respect to substances currently available in the Czech Republic.

  11. BILATERAL TESSIER CLEFT 3: A CASE REPORT

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    Utpal

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tessier cleft 3 is a very rare congenital anomaly, (2 especially the bilateral form. Very few cases have been reported worldwide. (1,2 I report a case of bilateral Tessier cleft 3 presenting at the age of three months with clefts extending from philtral regions, undermining the nasal alar bases to the medial canthal areas bilaterally. There were bilateral complete alveolar clefts with mild protrusion of the pre-maxilla, but the rest of the maxilla including the palate was not involved. Surgical correction was started at the age of three months and completed at the age of one and half years in three stages. There was no intra-operative or postoperative complications and the final result was satisfactory.

  12. KLIPPEL TRENAUNAY SYNDROME : A CASE REPORT

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    Sonali

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, but it is the most common condition involving combined vascular malformation. KTS was first described by two French Physicians, Klippel and Trenaunay in 1900. (1 Incidence of KTS reported is approximately 2 to 5 cases per 100, 000 live births. ( 2,3 KTS generally affects a single extremity, although cases of multiple affected limbs have been reported. The leg is most common site followed by the arms, the trunk, and rarely the head and neck. The original description of KTS included limb hypertrophy, varicose veins and vascular (Port wine nevus, which were characterised as a clinical triad. Hemangiomatosis is the most frequent finding in these patients and is usually present at birth . ( 4 KTS is also known as angio - osteohypertrophy syndrome, congenital dysplastic angiopathy or klippel trenaunay weber syndrome.

  13. Mastoid osteoma: Report of a rare case

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    Syarifah Nafisah Syed Hamzah Al-Yahya

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Mastoid osteoma is a rare tumour with incidence of 0.1–1% of all benign head and neck tumours. It usually presents as a slow growing, hard and painless posterior auricular swelling in which medical attention is sought most commonly on cosmetic grounds. This report discusses our finding of such a rare case that was managed in our department and from its presentation, clinical findings, differential diagnosis, and treatment aspects.

  14. Meningioma in pregnancy: a rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raji Chinniah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Central nervous system tumor in pregnancy is rare. We report a case of such a tumor diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. Patient presented with signs of increased intracranial tension and MRI showed a meningioma. Caesarean section along with craniotomy and tumor excision done successfully in the same sitting. Mother and the baby recovered well. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(4.000: 1270-1272

  15. [Bilateral pleural mesothelioma--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, I; Knolle, H

    1990-08-01

    It is reported on the rare case of a 46-year-old female patient with a bilateral mesothelioma of the pleura without contact to asbest. Although the female was suspected in a malignant tumor and many diagnostic investigations were performed, diagnosis could be ensured morphologically only a short time before her death. Causes and development of mesothelioma, histological types, clinical symptoms and diagnostic procedures are described.

  16. Pemphigus vulgaris in adolescence: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Jean Paulo Rodolfo [UNESP; Araújo, Paula Caetano [UNESP; SAliba, Marcos Tadeu Adas [UNESP; Consolaro,Renata Bianco; Garbin,Cléa Adas Saliba

    2013-01-01

    Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disease, normally associated with oral lesions that generally affects patients aged 40 - 60 years. The aim of this study was to report a case of pemphigus vulgaris presenting at an uncommon age with advanced periodontal disease, and to describe the treatment performed from the time of diagnosis through oral environment restoration and follow-up monitoring. One gingival vesicular lesion was biopsied. After the histological confirmation of pemphigus vulgaris,...

  17. [Sheehan's syndrome - case report and review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristjánsdóttir, Hallgerdur Lind; Bödvarsdóttir, Sigrún Perla; Sigurjónsdóttir, Helga Agústa

    2010-05-01

    Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is a pituitary failure after delivery. Symptoms depend on which hormonal axis are affected, failure to lactate and resume menstruation is most frequent but cortisol deficiency is most dangerous and may lead to death if undiagnosed. We present a 38 year old female that was diagnosed with SS after repeated visits to health care professionals with typical symptoms of SS. The purpose of this case report is to draw attention to SS and the symptoms of cortisol deficiency.

  18. Locked - in syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Luján-Ramos Vanesa; Monterrosa-Salazar Erika; Polo-Verbel Luis

    2011-01-01

    The Locked-In Syndrome is an infrequent disease in our community. It is a destructiveprocess usually due to obstruction of the basilar artery. There is interruption of thedescending corticobulbar and corticospinal tracts, leaving uninvolved the fibers thatcontrol the blinking and the vertical ocular movements (allowing patient to communicate)and the ascending reticular matter. Case report: a 63 years old woman, with ahistory of hypertension and stroke, who suddenly develop dysartria, hemipare...

  19. Meningioma in pregnancy: a rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Central nervous system tumor in pregnancy is rare. We report a case of such a tumor diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. Patient presented with signs of increased intracranial tension and MRI showed a meningioma. Caesarean section along with craniotomy and tumor excision done successfully in the same sitting. Mother and the baby recovered well. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(4.000): 1270-1272

  20. CARCINOSARCOMA OF GALLBLADDER: A CASE REPORT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Ai-wen; WANG Xiao-dong; JI Jia-fu

    2005-01-01

    Carcinosarcoma is a rare entity of neoplasm especially in gallbladder, withcollision elements of both adenocarcinomatous and sarcomatous component. Its clinical behavior is even worse than that of carcinoma, yet few cases have been reported to date. A male patient 75 years old admitted in our hospital was finally diagnosed as carcinosarcoma. He underwent surgical resection and adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin-containing regimen for six cycles. The patient achieved a long-time survival of 30 months.

  1. Superior mesenteric artery compression syndrome - case report

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo Rocha França Neto; Rodrigo de Almeida Paiva; Antônio Lacerda Filho; Fábio Lopes de Queiroz; Teon Noronha

    2011-01-01

    Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is an entity generally caused by the loss of the intervening mesenteric fat pad, resulting in compression of the third portion of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery. This article reports the case of a patient with irremovable metastatic adenocarcinoma in the sigmoid colon, that evolved with intense vomiting. Intestinal transit was carried out, which showed important gastric dilation extended until the third portion of the duodenum, compatible wi...

  2. CONGENITAL RADIAL DYSPLASIA: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatram Reddy

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Congenital radial dysplasia, also referred to as radial club hand , means deficiency along the preaxial or radial side of the extremity. It ranges from hypoplasia of the thumb to variou s degrees of radial hypoplasia. We present one such rare case of type 4 congenital unilateral isolated radial dysplasia with carpel anomaly , reported to our department in SVS medical C ollege, Mahabubanagar, Telangana state

  3. Myoepithelioma of the lung: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Jin; Park, Jeong Hoon; Cho, Jae Kwoeng; Koo, Yong Woon [Maryknoll Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-11-01

    Myoepithelioma is a rare tumor composed of cells that are morphologically similar to myoepithelial cells. Myoepithelial tumors usually occur in major and minor salivary glands, though have also been found in sweat and mammary glands. Myoepithelioma very rarely originates in lung parenchyma, though can arise from tracheobronchial submucosal glands. We encountered a case of myoepithelioma originating in lung parenchyma, and report the CT findings, including the pathologic characteristics of the disease.

  4. Lupus tumidus: a report of two cases*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousquet Muylaert, Bianca Pinheiro; Braga, Bruna Backsmann; Esteves, Eduarda Braga; Garbelini, Luciana Elisa Barandas; Michalany, Alexandre Ozores; de Oliveira Filho, Jayme

    2016-01-01

    Lupus tumidus is considered a rare subtype of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus, characterized by erythema and bright urticarial erythematous-violaceous lesions that leave no scars after regression. Histopathology reveals perivascular and periannexal lymphohistiocytic infiltrates in the papillary and reticular dermis and interstitial mucin deposition. Treatment is based on photoprotection, topical corticosteroids and antimalarials. We report two cases of lupus tumidus, which deserve attention for their low frequency in the literature, in addition to their relevance as a differential diagnosis among dermatologic disorders.

  5. Catfish stings: A report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamali Dorooshi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Venomous catfish stings are a common environment hazard worldwide. Although these stings are often innocuous, significant morbidity may result from stings, including severe pain, retained foreign bodies, infection, respiratory compromise, arterial hypotension, and cardiac dysrhythmias. Treatment included hot water immersion, analgesia, wound exploration, and prophylactic antibiotics. In this article, two cases of stings by catfish referred to the poison center of Noor Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and their treatments have been reported.

  6. Neurinomas of the brachial plexus: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forte, A; Gallinaro, L S; Bertagni, A; Montesano, G; Prece, V; Illuminati, G

    1999-01-01

    Neurinomas, also referred to as neurilemmomas and schwannomas, are rare benign tumours of the peripheral nerves, a low proportion of which arise from the brachial plexus. Authors report a case of an ancient schwannoma arising from the brachial plexus. The tumour, usually asymptomatic, may cause sensory radicular symptoms, or rarely motor deficits in the involved arm. Enucleation of the tumour from the nerve without damage to any of the fascicles is the correct treatment.

  7. COLLAR STUD ABSCESS AN INTERESTING CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cervical Lymphadenopathy with collar stud abscess of tuberculous etiology is uncommon nowadays. This case is being reported for clinical interest and for the purpose of documentation.Introduction Tubercular Lymphadenopathy is a common extra pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis.Collar stud abscess are rarely seen in OPD nowadays. Tuberculosis remains a problem throughout the world and is still a common cause of cervical lymphadenopathy.

  8. Pyoderma gangrenosum in a newborn - case report

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare, inflammatory, chronic and recurrent disease of unknown etiology, characterized by noninfectious, necrotizing and painful cutaneous ulcers. Usually it affects adults aged between 25 and 54 years old and rarely children (less than 4%), in which it mainly affects the head, face, buttocks, genital and perianal region. The disease presents a quick response to systemic corticosteroids. We report a case of a newborn with hemorrhagic and necrotic ulcers, distributed in...

  9. A strange Evans syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Le Scanff, Julie; Durupt, Stéphane; Bailly, François,; Rode, Agnès; Sève, Pascal

    2009-01-01

    Hepatic angiosarcoma is a rare malignant vascular tumor, which accounts for up to 2% of all primary liver tumors. The most frequent symptoms on presentation are weight loss, weakness and abdominal pain. Diagnosis of diffuse hepatic angiosarcoma can be challenging. We report an original case of diffuse liver angiosarcoma revealed by haematological abnormalities initially diagnosed as an Evans syndrome. Anaemia and thrombocytopenia are rarely the first manifestations of this pathology. They are...

  10. Gastritis cystica profunda : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, Joo Eun; Kim, Ho Chul; Bae, Sang Hoon; Cho, So Yeon [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Chunchon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-05-01

    Gastritis cystica profunda is an uncommon benign mass that usually occurs on the gastric side of the site of a gastroenterostomy, but has also been known to develop in which has not been operated on. We report the case of stomach a 51-years-old man with pathologically proven gastritis cystica profunda. This patient had not undergone gastric surgery CT showed a well-defined, 3cm sized, cystic mass at the gastric antrum.

  11. Angiomyolipoma of the perinephric space: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Ho Seob; Yoon, Seong Kuk; Lee, Jin Hwa; Kim, Chan sung; Oh, Jong Young; Shin, Tae Beom; Lee, Ki Nam; Nam, Kyung Jin; Kim, Dae Cheol [Dong a University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-01

    Angiomyolipomas commonly originate from neral parenchyma but extremely rarely from perinephric space. We report a case of angiomyolipoma of the perinephric space confirmed by radical nephrectomy. A 13-year-old boy resented with left flank pain and abdominal distension, first experienced five months earlier. Ultrasonography and CT indicated that in the space surrounding the left kidney, a huge fat-containing mass with linear strands was present.

  12. Unusual Gingival Enlargement: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashutosh Dixit

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This is an atypical case report of a 20-year-old male patient who suffered from unusual unilateral, gingival enlargement together with rapidly progressive alveolar bone loss. The enlarged gingiva completely covered his left posterior teeth in both arches. The patient was diagnosed with gingival fibromatosis and aggressive periodontitis based on the clinical, histological, and radiographic findings. The gingival enlargement was treated by conventional gingivectomy under local anaesthesia. The postoperative result was uneventful.

  13. Laser gingivectomy for pediatrics. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelman, Michelle M; Poiman, David J; Jacobson, Barry L

    2009-01-01

    Traditional gingivectomy procedures have been a challenge for pediatric dentists who confront issues of patient cooperation and discomfort. Treatment of pediatric patients must involve minimal operative and postoperative discomfort. Laser soft-tissue surgery has been shown to be well accepted by children. For the pediatric patient, the greatest advantage of the laser is the lack of local anesthesia injection and the associated pre- and postoperative discomfort. The following case report describes a gingivectomy procedure performed on a 14-year-old female.

  14. Fetal hydantoin syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Singh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fetal hydantoin syndrome (FHS is a spectrum of defects caused to the developing fetus by exposure to the teratogenic effects of antiepileptic drug (AED phenytoin during pregnancy. Its clinical manifestations include limb abnormalities, ocular defects, central nervous system anomalies, intrauterine growth restriction, and hand and phalangeal anomalies. This case report presents an 8-year-old child born to an epileptic mother with a history of AED therapy, with features suggestive of FHS.

  15. Ectopia cordis--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekele, Delayehu; Taye, Kefyalew

    2011-01-01

    Ectopia cordis is a rare congenital defect in which the heart is partially or completely exposed on the surface of the thorax. It may occur as an isolated malformation or it may be associated with a larger category of ventral body wall defects that affect the thorax, abdomen or both. The defect is also often associated with intracardiac lesions. We report here a case of ectopia cordis who was born by ceserean section and died after an hour.

  16. Toxoplasmosis complicating lung cancer: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Nianhong Lu, Caihong Liu, Jiangyuan Wang, Ying Ding, Qing Ai Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Toxoplasmosis complicating lung cancer has been described only rarely. Here, we report a case of acute Toxoplasma gondii infection in a patient with squamous lung cancer. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a history of cough of 6 months' duration and chest pain of 1 week&...

  17. Proteus syndrome: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keerthi Talari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Proteus syndrome (PS is a rare hamartomatous disorder characterized by various cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, including vascular malformations, lipomas, hyperpigmentation, and several types of nevi. Partial gigantism with limb or digital overgrowth is pathognomonic of PS. We report a rare case of PS in a 50-year-old man who presented with inferior wall myocardial infarction and was incidentally detected to have hypertrophy of index and middle fingers of both the hands.

  18. Aneurysmal portosystemic venous shunt: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodner, G; Glück, A; Springer, P; König, P; Perkmann, R

    1999-10-01

    A case of an aneurysmal portosystemic venous shunt detected by colour Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) is presented. A young female patient complained of postprandial fatigue and had paroxysmal tachycardia. A direct vascular communication between right portal vein and right hepatic vein was found at CDUS and confirmed by direct portal angiogram. Using detachable coils a complete occlusion of the intrahepatic shunt was obtained. Reports from the literature regarding portovenous aneurysms are reviewed.

  19. [Late primary abdominal pregnancy. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farías, Emigdio Torres; Gómez, Luis Guillermo Torres; Allegre, René Márquez; Higareda, Salvador Hernández

    2008-09-01

    Abdominal advanced pregnancy is an obstetric complication that put at risk maternal and fetal life. We report a case of advanced abdominal pregnancy with intact ovaries and fallopian tubes, without ureteroperitoneal fistulae and, late prenatal diagnosis, in a multiparous patient without risk factors, with alive newborn, and whose pregnancy was attended at Unidad Medica de Alta Especialidad, Hospital de Gineco-Obstetricia, Centro Medico Nacional de Occidente del IMSS, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

  20. A CASE REPORT OF UNILATERAL GYN ECOMASTIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreedevi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gyn ecomastia presents as abnormal hypertrophy of mammary tissue in a male , resembling female breast. There is hypertrophy and elongation of the ducts with considerable fibrosis. Gyn ecomastia is usually bilateral and due to hormonal influence which can regress. But unilateral gyn ecomastia is uncommon and it is a red flag for excluding male breast carcinoma. In this case report , the patient pre sented with unilateral left gyn ecomastia

  1. Laugier-Hunziker Syndrome: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demet Kartal

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS is a rare, acquired mucocutaneous hyperpigmentation often associated with longitudinal melanonychia. It is important to differentiate this condition from the pigmentary disorders of the oral mucosa. The correct clinical identification avoids the need for invasive investigations. A 32-year-old female presented with a number of variably sized, hyperpigmented macules over the oral mucosa and longitudinal melanonychia. Herein, we report a case of LHS and discuss the conditions related with pigmented mucocutaneous lesions.

  2. Pulmonary cavernous hemangioma:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunyi Jia; Shaolin Sun; Xiaokai Zhang; Lixin Zhang

    2014-01-01

    We report a rare case of pulmonary cavernous hemangioma in a 51-year-old female. A computed tomographic scan of the chest showed an il-defined mass measuring 2.3 cm × 2.2 cm in the right lower lobe. Surgical resection was per-formed and postoperative histological examination revealed cavernous hemangioma. We reviewed the clinical features and therapeutic methods of hemangioma.

  3. Primary osteosarcoma of the breast: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Saber, Boutayeb; Nawal, Ahbeddou; Mohamed, Fetohi; Hassan, Errihani

    2008-01-01

    Mammary sarcomas are very uncommon and make up less than 1% of all primary breast malignancies. Primary osteosarcoma of the breast is extremely rare and represents 12.5% of mammary sarcomas. A secondary lesion from a primary osteosarcoma of the bone should be considered in the differential diagnosis. In addition, the absence of a direct connection between the tumour and the underlying skeleton is mandatory for the diagnosis. We report a case of primary osteosarcoma of the breast occurring in ...

  4. Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Candido, Paula de Castro Menezes; Werner, Andrea de Freitas; Pereira, Izabela Machado Flores; Matos, Breno Assuncao; Pfeilsticker, Rudolf Moreira; Silva Filho, Raul, E-mail: paulacmcandido@yahoo.com.br [Hospital Felicio Rocho, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2015-01-15

    Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, a rare cause of bowel obstruction, was described as a complication associated with peritoneal dialysis which is much feared because of its severity. The authors report a case where radiological findings in association with clinical symptoms have allowed for a noninvasive diagnosis of sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, emphasizing the high sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography to demonstrate the characteristic findings of such a condition. (author)

  5. Hepatitis following famotidine: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Nishant; Patel, Chirag; Panda, Mukta

    2009-01-01

    H2 receptor antagonists can rarely cause idiosyncratic drug reactions leading to acute hepatitis. Famotidine, however, is considered a relatively safe drug with regards to hepatotoxicity. We report a case of a 47 year old male with a history of hepatitis C who developed acute hepatitis on the third day of hospitalization with a dramatic rise in his liver enzymes from normal values at the time of admission. The acute rise in liver enzymes made us consider an adverse drug reaction and famotidin...

  6. Epitheloid hemangioma: A report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basanti Devi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report two cases of epitheloid hemangioma presented with multiple nodular lesions over head and neck region. One of them gave history of bleeding on minor trauma. Pyogenic granuloma was considered as a differential diagnosis from the morphological appearance and history of bleeding. Nodular leprosy, sarcoidosis, and secondary syphilis were also considered. Histopathological examination of both was typical of epitheloid hemangioma, an entity commonly overlooked clinically due to its rarity.

  7. Plunging Ranula: Report of a Case

    OpenAIRE

    Kaneko, Ken-Ichi

    2011-01-01

    The plunging ranula is an extravasation cyst of the saliva from the sublingual gland. We report a case of plunging ranula, which was diagnosed through CT and analysis of aspirated fluid, and was treated successfully by excision of the sublingual gland via an oral approach. We consider the essentials of management for plunging ranulas to be correct preoperative diagnosis and excision of the sublingual gland via a transoral route.

  8. Mandibular Osteosarcoma in Cat: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The primary malignant bone tumors are uncommon in cats. Osteosarcoma is the most frequently observed in old animals. This tumors affects the appendicular skeleton, however the axial skeleton is also affected, but the bones of the head and pelvis frequent sites of injury. This paper reports a case of a cat with a history of progressive swelling in the left mandible, with follow-up period of four months. The presumptive diagnosis of osteopathy, signed by clinical and radiographic observations w...

  9. Portal hypertensive duodenal polyp: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jean-David Zeitoun; Ariane Chryssostalis; Benoit Terris; Frederic Prat; Marianne Gaudric; Stanislas Chaussade

    2007-01-01

    Abnormalities of gastric mucosa in patients with portal hypertension are well documented. Manifestations of portal hypertension in small bowel and colon are less common. Colonic polypoid lesions microscopically consisting of a normal mucosa, with dilatation of submucosal vessels, have been described. We here report the first case of portal hypertensive duodenal polyp, responsible for gastro-intestinal bleeding.Endoscopic treatment turned out to be successful.

  10. Perianal Giant Condyloma Acuminatum: A Case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Rare giant condyloma acuminatum (CA) reported by this paper is an interesting unusual case in China. Giant CA is a tumor that primarily affects the genital and perianal areas. Its feature is the high rate of local recurrence and transformation into squamous cell carcinoma. Making choice of wide surgical excision and using interferon as antiviral and immunoenhancement for CA after operation, we obtain satisfactory functional and cosmetic results.

  11. OPTIC DISC MELANOCYTOMA: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahiba Bedi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Melanocytoma of the optic disc is a rare ophthalmic tumour that arises from melanocytes and is a variant of the melanocytic nevus. It occurs on the optic disc and often extends into the peripapillary retina and choroid. It appears as a dark brown or black lesion, typically small and is almost always unilateral. Although traditionally believed to be a relatively stationary lesion, it is now known to exhibit minor enlargement in 10–15% of cases and can cause minor visual loss by a variety of mechanisms. 1-2% cases can transform to malignant melanoma. We present a case report of a 65-year-old female whose dilated fundus examination of the right eye revealed a circular, pigmented and elevated lesion about 1.5 mm in size covering almost whole of the optic nerve head except for the superior rim, suggestive of optic disc melanocytoma.

  12. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: Report of 2 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo; Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa [Pusan National Univ. College of Dentistry, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-12-15

    Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NS) was defined by Abrams et al. in 1973 as a reactive necrotizing inflammatory process involving minor salivary glands of the hard palate. Before that recognition, many patients with this condition had been improperly treated because of its clinical and histologic resemblance to malignancy such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. We report two cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia. One case involved a 58-year-old male who had an ulcerative palatal lesion exposing underlying bone which has the typical features of the above mentioned condition. Another case involved a 59-year-old male who developed a necrotizing sialometaplasia in association with a dome-shaped palatal swelling which was proves as an adenoid cystic carcinoma after operation biopsy.

  13. Fournier's Gangrene: Report of 2 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasan Kumar Hota

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fournier's gangrene is a very serious surgical emergency seen all over the world. With the newer advancement of surgical techniques and critical care medicine, the mortality and morbidity of this disease has come down significantly over a period of time. An early diagnosis including evaluation of predisposing and etiological factors, metabolic and physiological parameters with prompt resuscitation, aggressive surgical debridement, broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage, and continuous monitoring of all the parameters is essential for a good outcome, therefore reducing the high mortality and morbidity of this condition. In this study, we report 2 different cases of Fournier gangrene. Our first case was a young, nondiabetic, and without any multiorgan failure, who was managed successfully with good outcome. The second case was a 67-year-old man with diabetes and multiorgan dysfunction with extensive gangrene at presentation, who recovered well, but with a stormy postoperative period.

  14. CHONDROBLASTOMA IN DISTAL TIBIA - A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinmaya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Chondroblastoma was first described as calcified gi ant cell tumour by Ewing. Codman described it as epiphyseal chondromatous giant cell tumour. Jaffe and Lichtenstein named it as chondroblastoma, a rare benign cartilag inous tumour. It represents less than 1% of all primary bone tumours and most commonly originate from the epiphyses of long bones, particularly from the epiphyses of the proximal and dis tal parts of the femur, the proximal part of the humerus, and the proximal part of the tibia. O ther reported sites are talus, scapula , patella, pelvis, distal radius, distal tibia , ribs, proximal fibula, calcaneum. Its occurrence in distal tibia is very rare with 2 documented cases in UK from 1974 to 2000, 3 documented cases in FRANCE from 1950 to 200 5 , no documented case from 1977 to 2000 in Harvard, USA. The purpose is to present a rare tumour occurring at an unusual site.

  15. Nonfunctional Parathyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sang Gyu [Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-11-15

    Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare endocrine malignancy accounting for 0.5% to 4.0% of all cases of hyperparathyroidism and commonly present as hypercalcemia and parathyroid hormone (PTH) elevation. Nonfunctional parathyroid carcinoma does not show symptoms of hyperparathyroidism and only showed a vague indication of being pathologic, even when detected late. The optimal treatment is en bloc resection of the cancer, but frequent local recurrence after surgery has been reported. Adjuvant local treatment such as radiotherapy may improve the likelihood local control in cases with incompletely resected or microscopic residual tumor. The results of this study point to a case of nonfunctional parathyroid carcinoma treated by external beam radiotherapy after en-bloc resection of cancer.

  16. [Hydatic kidney cyst: 90 case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fekak, H; Bennani, S; Rabii, R; Mezzour, M H; Debbagh, A; Joual, A; el Mrini, M

    2003-06-01

    The hydatid cyst of kidney is rare, it ranks third among all visceral localisations. The authors report a series of 90 cases renal hydatid cyst from 1972 to 2000. The middle age is 36 years with female predominance. Renal hydatid cyst often has a suggestive clinical presentation; flank mass in 84%, pain in 74% and sometimes a specific presentation hydaturia in 29%. The hydatid serology is positive in 55% and preferring ultrasonography and computed tomography in diagnosis of renal hydatid cyst. Surgical treatment is now well defined. Conservative treatment occupes a predominant place 84% and resection of the proeminent dome is usually efficient. Total nephrectomy should only be considered in the case of a completely destroyed kidney (16%) of cases. Post-operative course is generally uneventful and reexpansion of renal parenchyma is observed in 93% indicating the benign nature of this disease.

  17. [Intradiverticular bladder tumors. Three case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fekak, H; Rabu, R; Joual, A; Bennani, S; Moufid, K; Sarf, S; Debragh, A; el Mimu, M; Benjelloun, S

    2002-01-01

    The bladder tumours in vesical diverticula is rare, and the poor prognosis, because it was often with early invasion. We reported three cases of bladder tumours in vesical diverticula, with delay of diagnosis two, eight and twelve months respectively. The radiology exploration suspected the diagnosis and the histology biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of primary transitional cell carcinoma in two cases: PTa GI and T2 GII, and in an other case it was a invasive epidermoid carcinoma. The first patient was dead by urethral resection of the bladder tumour. The second required a cytoprototectomy and the last patient. The treatment consisted of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. We insisted of the particularity diagnosis, histology and therapeutic for bladder tumour in vesical diverticula and the early diagnosis in order to have a good prognosis.

  18. Plasma Cell Gingivitis: An Occasional Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, M B; Sharma, Swati; Sharma, Alok

    2015-01-01

    Plasma cell gingivitis, an infrequently observed oral condition, has been clinically characterized by diffuse gingival enlargement, erythema and sometimes desquamation. These lesions are usually asymptomatic, but invariably the patient will complain of a burning sensation in the gingiva and bleeding from the mouth. The diagnosis requires hematological screening in addition to clinical and histopathological examinations. This case report outlines one such case of plasma cell gingivitis in a 15-year-old female caused by use of an herbal, homemade toothpowder. The case presented here highlights the adverse effects and irrational use of herbal agents in dentifrices. At the same time, it emphasizes the need for comprehensive history taking, careful clinical examination and appropriate diagnostic tests in order to arrive at a definitive diagnosis and treatment plan for gingival conditions that are refractory to conventional therapy and to exclude certain malignancies and oral manifestations of systemic diseases.

  19. Two cases report of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do; Lee, Wan; Paeng, Jun Young; Lee, Jun; Choi, Moon Ki [School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Wonkwang Dental Research Institute, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of); Son, Hyun Jin [Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a rare disorder of the jaws and shows various radiographic features. The purpose of this study is to describe the different radiographic appearances of 2 cases of COC. Case 1 was located in the posterior maxilla extending into maxillary sinus, showing unilocular radiolucency with a well-defined margin. Cortical bone expansion and thinning were prominent. Root resorption of adjacent teeth was apparent. Case 2 showed unilocular radiolucency with a calcified material. Calcification was supposed to be dystrophic dental hard structures, detected at the periphery of the lesion. Ghost cell and proliferation of ameloblastoma-like tissues were common features for these two lesions on histopathological findings. This reports presented common and atypical radiographic features of the COC.

  20. Calciphylaxis following kidney transplantation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanvesakul Rajesh

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Calciphylaxis occurring after kidney transplantation is rare and rarely reported. It results in chronic non-healing wounds and is associated with a poor prognosis and is often fatal. We present a case of proximal lower limb calciphylaxis that occurred early after kidney transplantation. The patient had no classic associated risk factors. He had previously had a total parathyroidectomy but had normal serum calcium-phosphate product and parathyroid hormone levels. The clinical outcome of this case was favorable and highlights some fundamental issues relating to management. Case presentation A 70-year-old British Caucasian man with end-stage renal failure secondary to IgA nephropathy presented six months post kidney transplantation with cutaneous calciphylaxis lesions involving the medial aspect of the thigh bilaterally. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of rapid onset cutaneous calciphylaxis occurring soon after kidney transplantation that was associated with a favorable outcome. Cutaneous calciphylaxis lesions should be promptly managed with meticulous wound care, antimicrobial therapy and the correction of calcium-phosphate product where indicated.