WorldWideScience

Sample records for case reports

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Raoul

    2009-10-15

    Oct 15, 2009 ... We report the case of a 26-year-old man who had an intestinal obstruction for whom a resection-anastomosis was done without complications. Informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and any accompanying images. Patient and case report. TJ a 26-year-old male ...

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    7 mai 2015 ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net). Case report ... gaz, vomissements avec un ballonnement abdominal) évoluant depuis 36 heures. A l'examen, on .... supravesical hernia as a rare cauase of intestinal obstruction: A case report. Journal of ...

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-01-21

    Jan 21, 2015 ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net). Case report. Open Access ... La quantité de tissu neural immature permet d'établir une classification .... Wu X, Han LY, Xu X, Li Z. Recurrent immature teratoma of the ovary: a case report of radical secondary ...

  4. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-01-29

    Jan 29, 2015 ... Adenoid cystic carcinoma of cervix: two cases report and review of the literature ... ACC of the cervix. Billroth in 1859 originally defined this lesion as. ''tumor composed of small basal cells with slight eosinophilic cytoplasm, hyperchromatic nuclei in ..... case report with implication for chemotherapy treatment.

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-01-10

    Jan 10, 2013 ... Abstract. Fibrous tumour of the pleural is rare and controversial tumor. Most of the reported cases is adults and the elderly. This case presentation is a solitary fibrous tumour in a fifteen year old girl, which to the best of our knowledge is the youngest report, who was sent for a psychiatric evaluation due to ...

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-05-22

    May 22, 2012 ... The main elements found in gangliogliomas are atypical neurons, astrocytes, and a fibrovascular stroma. In this communication we report a rare case of GG in the cerebellar hemisphere which was radiologically diagnosed as a pilocystic astrocytoma. Patient and case report. A 27-year-old man complained ...

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-14

    &, Youssef Yaikoubi1, ... Herein we report a case of a 54-years-old woman with a bilateral painful ED. The diagnosis was based on clinical ... derived from fibroblasts due to chronic friction [6]. In reality, the pathogenesis of ED ...

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2014-05-08

    12/2013 ... We report through the clinical case of a woman aged 33 years admitted to the ICU for acute pulmonary edema of sudden ... are: older women, multiparous , who received tocolytic treatment, which were suffering ...

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-11-30

    Nov 30, 2017 ... 156. PubMed | Google Scholar. Table 1: Published case reports of primary leiomyoma of chest wall. Case. Author. Age/. Sex. Clinical. Symptoms. Tumor. Size. (cm). Tumor Site. Tumor. Origin. Procedure. Clinical Course. 1. Proca DM. 32 y/M. Asymptomatic. 4.3x7.0. Pleura. No Detail. CR. 12 M w/o rec. 2.

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    28 août 2015 ... (intra-osseous synovial cyst) Clinical and therapeutic aspect: case report. Chir Main. 2009 Feb; 28(1):37-41. PubMed |. Google Scholar. 10. Chantelot C, Laffargue P, Masmejean E, Peltier B, Barouk P,. Fontaine C. Fracture of the scaphoid carpal bone secondary to an intraosseous cyst: apropos of a case.

  11. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-01-27

    Jan 27, 2013 ... lesions as infectious, immunologic or systemic disorders [2]. Tuberculosis is endemic in Morocco with an incidence of 82 new cases per 100000 habitants [3]. It is the major cause of cavitary lung lesions in our context. We report here a case of unusual form of lung metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma of ...

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    8 mai 2013 ... subsequent conception and placenta accreta: a case report. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. September. 2012; 207(3 ) : e7-e8. PubMed | Google Scholar. 5. Umashankar T, Patted S, Handigund R. Endometrial osseous metaplasia: Clinicopathological study of a case and literature review.

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    24 janv. 2013 ... Successful laparoscopic management of concomitant ectopic pregnancy and acute appendicitis in a patient of failed tubal ligation. Case report with a review of the literature. Cases J. 2008; 1:412. PubMed | Google Scholar. Figure 1: échographie endovaginale de Mme H K montrant en coupe longitudinale.

  14. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the kidney could still be transplanted successfully. We describe a case of high ureteric injury during multi-organ recovery and successful implantation using a Boari flap ureterocystostomy. Case Report. The donor kidney was procured from a 55-year-old male brain stem deceased donor following intra-cerebral hemorrhage.

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    26 nov. 2015 ... Touloumis Zisis, Delis Spiros, Triantopoulou Charikleia,. Giannakou Nikoletta, Avgerinos Costas and Dervenis Christos. Primary hepatic carcinoid; a diagnostic dilemma: a case report. Cases Journal. 2008; (1):314. PubMed | Google Scholar. 3. Fenoglio Luigi Maria, Severini Sara, Ferrigno Domenico, Gollé.

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-01-23

    Jan 23, 2013 ... Following this evolution and poor response the patient was retreated ... epidermis [4].The first presentation in this case was a testis plasmacytoma, this site represent 0, 6% of all MM types [6]. Only. 18 cases of testicular EMP were reported and many of this initially presentation progressed to MM within one ...

  17. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-08-13

    Aug 13, 2015 ... Middle East, Mediterranean region, Central Europe, Australia and. South America) [1, 2]. The incidence of musculoskeletal echinococcosis including involvement of subcutaneous tissue is 1%-. 5.4% among all cases of hydatid disease [2]. In this report, we present a case of recurrent hydatid cysts involving ...

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-02-08

    Feb 8, 2016 ... pituitary metastases can be characteristic and evocative but in no case pathognomic. The diabetes insipidus is the most common clinical manifestation of the disease [2, 3]. We report herein a case of an acute adrenal insufficiency revealing pituitary metastases of lung cancer. Patient and observation.

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2013-07-03

    Jul 3, 2013 ... Abstract. Gastro-intestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) of the appendix are a rare entity. To date, only eight cases has been described in the literature, most of which have been of the benign type. We report a new case of an appendiceal GIST in a 75-year-old man. The tumor was discovered when the.

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-12-11

    Dec 11, 2015 ... Abstract. A case of rarely encountered nontyphoidal Salmonella septic arthritis of the elbow in an infant with no preexisting disease is reported. Salmonella etiology was not suspected in this case, and the diagnosis was made only after bacterial isolation. Aspiration of the infected joint with radiological.

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-10-17

    Oct 17, 2013 ... We are reporting a case of hemoperitoneum followed by early post partum collapse due to bleeding from a ruptured vessel on the surface of an undiagnosed ... There are literature reports of spontaneous hemoperitoneum from bleeding of superficial vessels over lying ... associated with this clinical entity.

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    16 oct. 2015 ... Nasal leech infestation: report of seven leeches and literature review. Eur Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Aug; 267(8): 1225-9. PubMed |. Google Scholar. 4. Hari Uppal C, Vijay Singh Chandel, Lata Chandel R. Extraction of live leech from nasal cavity: an interesting case report from a rural area hospital.

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case report. Malaria: A cerebral approach. An increasing number of patients with severe complicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria are presenting to South African hospitals, having travelled through malaria- endemic countries from Central and East. Africa. This report concerns an immigrant from Pakistan who developed ...

  4. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2014-07-26

    Jul 26, 2014 ... The role of a genetic predisposition has been suggested, but evidence does not yet exist considering that familial cases have not yet been reported. Its association with vascular sector malformations and some observations reported changes in skin pigmentation suggests that a mutation may be responsible ...

  5. Case Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bilgin-Freiert, Arzu; Fugleholm, Kåre; Poulsgaard, Lars

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of an intraneural ganglion cyst of the hypoglossal canal. The patient presented with unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a small lesion in the hypoglossal canal with no contrast enhancement and high signal on T2-weighted imaging. The lesion...... irradiation as an option. This case illustrates a very rare location of an intraneural ganglion cyst in the hypoglossal nerve. To our knowledge there are no previous reports of an intraneural ganglion cyst confined to the hypoglossal canal....

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2016-06-14

    Jun 14, 2016 ... Cerebral embolism complicating left atrial myxoma: a case report. Zairi Ihsen1,&, Mssaad Hela2, Mzoughi ... Key words: Cardiac tumor, surgery, pediatric, atrium. Received: 03/05/2016 - Accepted: ... large tumor occupying the left atrium, very mobile, measuring 5cm long strongly mimicking a myxoma ...

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-08-31

    Aug 31, 2015 ... Dual intersection syndrome of the forearm: a case report. Bouchra Zhari1,&, Meryem ... An MRI and an ultrasound were performed, and objectified a dual cross syndrome of the forearm. Pan African Medical Journal. 2015 ... without being mislead about the pathologic anatomy [3]. It is common cause of wrist ...

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-06-17

    Jun 17, 2015 ... Abstract. Enchondroma represents a common bone tumor of the hand. The scaphoid is a rare location. We report the case of a scaphoid enchondroma presenting as chronic wrist pain following a relatively minor trauma. The diagnosis was suggested by radiological study and then confirmed by histological ...

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-01-05

    Jan 5, 2015 ... involvement (inguinal hernia, cardiopulmonary disease, and emphysema). Autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net). Case report ... Examination of the abdomen was normal with no palpable liver and ...

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    8 juil. 2016 ... Post traumatic anterior abdominal wall hernia. Zeineb Mzoughi1,&, Rached ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net). Case report ... Abdominal tomodensitometry showed a defect of 8 cm in the anterior abdominal wall. The patient underwent ...

  11. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    16 janv. 2017 ... We report the case of a 70-year-old man with no past medical history presenting with laryngeal dyspnea associated with low abundant paroxysmal hemoptysis. The patient underwent nasofibroscopy showing the presence of a living and mobile organism at the subglottic level evoking a leech. Extraction ...

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2014-04-24

    Apr 24, 2014 ... and most of the bites occurred in an area of substandard housing. [1]. Other idenfiable risk factors are; poverty, unemployment and rat infestations [2]. Patient and observation. We report a case ... navigation of rats within and around the house before the incidence. No similar incidence in the other siblings.

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    5 avr. 2016 ... positron emission tomography (PET) in this pathology. However, no consensus has yet been reached. This study reports the case of a 25 year old woman treated for metastatic MCC, in order to draw attention to this particular tumor and to illustrate the role of 18 FDG PET in the management of this rare entity ...

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2014-03-28

    Mar 28, 2014 ... Abstract. Cushing syndrome is a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure of body tissue to cortisol. We report two cases of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome in two Nigerian children following intranasal administration of aristobed-N (Betamethasone+Neomycin) given at a private hospital where.

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    12 juin 2014 ... Primary extracranial meningioma of the mandible: a report of two cases and a review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2001; 91(3): 338-41. PubMed | Google Scholar. 6. Thompson LD, Bouffard JP, Sandberg GD et al. Primary ear and temporal bone meningiomas: a ...

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2 mai 2013 ... 4. Fukami T, Chaen H, Imura H, Suden K, Eguchi F. Acute pancreatitis occurring in the early postpartum period: a case report. J Perinat Med. 2003;31(4):345-349. PubMed | Google · Scholar. 5. Ramin KD, SM Ramin, SD Richey, FG Cunningham. Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995;.

  17. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-11-24

    Nov 24, 2015 ... The authors report an exceptional case of collision tumor comprised of a gastric calcified stromal tumor and a pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The pancreatic tumor was detected fortuitously on the histological exam of resection specimen. Pan African Medical Journal. 2015; 22:289 doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.22.

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    19 févr. 2016 ... Enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) is a rare complication of celiac disease (CD). We report a case of EATL associated with CD revealed by acute intestinal obstruction. A North African woman of 38 years old with a history of infertility and chronic abdominal pain was admitted in emergency with ...

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... Scholar. 2. Riccardo Campi, Sergio Serni, Maria Rosaria Raspollini,. Agostino Tuccio, Giampaolo Siena, Marco Carini et al. Robot-. Assisted Laparoscopic Vesiculectomy for Large Seminal Vesicle. Cystadenoma: a case report and review of the literature. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer. 2015; 13(5): e369-.

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    4 déc. 2015 ... traumatic penile amputation: a case report and review of the world literature. J Maroc Urol. 2008; 28:153-156. PubMed | Google Scholar. 8. Hildreth TA, Stewart W, Cass AS. Congenital megacalycosis associated with Hirschsprung's disease. Urology. 1976 Feb;7(2):187-9. PubMed | Google. Scholar.

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-08-29

    Aug 29, 2013 ... Kaposi sarcoma is a mesenchymal tumor associated to a human herpes virus-8. It often occurs in human immunodeficiency virus-positive subjects. Colorectal localization is rare. We report the case of a colorectal Kaposi sarcoma complicating a refractory ulcerative colitis treated with surgery after the failure ...

  2. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IndexCopernicus Portal System

    could present with leg paresis, abdominal pain, shock or abdominal compartment syndrome. ... trauma, tumours, vascular anomalies, bleeding disorders ... acute abdomen [2]. Consent has been obtained from the patient for taking pictures and reporting his condition. AIMS. To present a case with spontaneous.

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    27 oct. 2017 ... We report the case of a menopausal woman with breast tuberculosis in order to raise concern for diagnosis. Key words: Tuberculosis, breast, diagnosis. Introduction. La tuberculose mammaire est une forme rare de la tuberculose extra-pulmonaire même dans les pays endémiques. Elle représente. 0,06 à 0 ...

  4. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    Key words: Cervical cancer, cervix, chromogranine A, small cell carcinoma. Received: 11/06/2010 - Accepted: 18/07/2010 - Published: 28/07/2010. Abstract. Neuroendocrine neoplasms may occur in the uterine cervix, although rarely; it accounts for 0.5-1% of all malignant tumors of the uterine cervix. A case report of an ...

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    8 déc. 2017 ... approach. We here report two cases with two different forms of pulmonary aspergilloma associated with bronchial carcinoma. Key words: Aspergilloma ... un syndrome de condensation au niveau de tout l'hémi-thorax gauche. .... H. Acute airway obstruction and necrotizing tracheobronchitis from invasive ...

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-01-14

    Jan 14, 2015 ... In addition, rare but life-threatening complications such as foreign body aspiration in the air passages may also be seen. Aspirated foreign bodies include teeth, implants, mechanical supports or materials used during procedures. We report two separate cases of aspiration risk developing during the course.

  7. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administratör

    Basbug M, Soyuer I, Aygen E. Placenta accreta associated with rupture of a rudimentary horn pregnancy. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1997;. 57(2):199–201. 8. Kuscu NK, Lacin S, Kartal O, Koyuncu F. Rupture of rudimentary horn pregnancy at the. 15th week of gestation: A case report. Eur J. Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2002; ...

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2014-05-30

    May 30, 2014 ... This tumor is at present classified as primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of the thoracopulmonary region and strikes by its histological, immunohistochemical and cytogenetic similarities with Ewing´s sarcoma [2].To date, no treatment is codified and prognosis remains dark. We report a case of Askin.

  9. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    es, College of Health Sciences, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana. Globally, prostate cancer is a disease of public health importance and it is most common among men between 60 to 70 years of age. Distant primaries involving supraclavicular nodes secondary to prostate cancer is very rare. This report is a case of an unusual ...

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    Abstract. Primary omental torsion is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain, we report a case of 10-year-old boy admitted with crampy abdominal pain, routine laboratory tests and plain abdominal radiography was normal, the patient underwent surgical exploration with the initial diagnosis of appendicitis, primary omental ...

  11. Case Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klubien, Jeanett; Borgersen, Dorte Winther; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Perforation of the gallbladder is a benign and common complication during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, it may result in stone spilling, which potentially can lead to serious postoperative complications.  Case report A 70-year-old male underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy...

  12. Case Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søborg, Marie-Louise Kulas; Rosenberg, Jacob; Burcharth, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    neuropathy (AMSAN). Reports of AMSAN with onset after epidural anesthesia and spinal surgery are extremely rare, and the linkage between development of GBS and neuroaxial anesthesia remains conclusively unconfirmed. We present a case in which the patient developed subacute motor and predominantly sensory...

  13. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this report, a duplicate gall bladder was diagnosed at laparoscopy, having been erroneously diagnosed on ultrasonography as a dilated common bile duct with choledocholithiasis. Case study. A 69-year-old female patient presented to our institution with a one-week history of colicky right upper quadrant pain with.

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    French). 1984;30(3):177-81. PubMed |. Google Scholar. 12. Isla A, Paz JM, Sansivirini F, Zamora P, Garcia Grande A,. Fernandez A. Intramedullary spinal cord metastasis: a case report. J Neurosurg Sci. 2000 Jun; 44(2):99-101.

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    30 mars 2011 ... Casablanca, Maroc, 3Service d'anatomie pathologique, Institut Bergonié (centre régional de lutte contre le cancer), Bordeaux, France. &Corresponding author: Issam lalya, .... Synovial sarcoma presenting as a parotid mass: case report and review of literature. Head Neck. 2008;. 30:1654-9. This article on ...

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    26 sept. 2016 ... report the case of a 31-year old young patient with no significant past medical history admitted to hospital with congestive left heart failure 1 month after .... resynchronisation cardiaque pourra être proposée, une assistance ventriculaire ... of Cardiovascular Diseases During Pregnancy of the European.

  17. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report here three cases of eryptoeoceal meningitis in HIV patients treated at the Port-of Spain General Hospital in one year. The clinical manifestations in these patients included prolonged and seVere headache, neck stiffness and blurring of vision. The patients were treated with amphotericin B. Two patients died a few ...

  18. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013 Jan;6(1):41-4. Case Report. AJNT. Abstract. Introduction: Risk of reactivation of Hepatitis B virus. (HBV) infection and other liver related complications continues to be a major ... serum envelope 'e' antigen (HBeAg) in patients already serologically .... Ahn HJ, Kim MS, Kim YS, Kim SI, Huh KH, Ju MK,. Ahn SH, Han KH.

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2016-04-28

    Apr 28, 2016 ... Noda K. Apocrine adenocarcinoma of the eyelid with aggressive biological behavior: report of a case. Pathol Int. 2002;52(2):169-73. PubMed | Google Scholar. 3. Carlo Paties, Luca Taccagni G, Mauro Papotti, S Guido Valenfe,. Adriano Zangrandi and Filippo Aloi. Apocrine carcinoma of the skin:.

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-06-15

    Jun 15, 2015 ... 1. Mirsaeidi SM, Masjedi MR, MAnsouri SD, Velayati AA. Tuberculosis of the breast: report of 4 clinical cases and literature review. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2007;. 13(3): 670-676. PubMed | Google Scholar. 2. Baharoon S. Tuberculosis of the breast. Ann Thoracic Med. 2008; 3(3): 110-114.

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-11-17

    Nov 17, 2015 ... Abstract. Here we report a case of central retinal artery occlusionrevealing an ischemic cardiomyopathy. A 54-year old smoker man presented at the hospital because of sudden visual loss in his left eye. There was cherry-red spot in the macula in his left eye. We performed a fluorescein angiogram and.

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-05-13

    May 13, 2016 ... Abstract. We report a rare case of an elderly woman presented with right renal mass with invasion of renal vein and several small lymphadenopathy in the hilar area .the diagnosis of kidney cancer is suspected and the patient underwent open radical nephrectomy, surrenalectomy and lymphadenectomy ...

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-06-10

    Jun 10, 2011 ... Abstract. Metastatic renal cell cancer is not exceptional in kidney cancer (30% of patients with kidneyl cancer). Its prognosis is particularly severe. However, sciatic neuralgia (sciatica) remains an exceptional revealing clinical sign of this disease. The authors report the case of a patient admitted with right.

  4. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-05-05

    May 5, 2017 ... Chondroblastic osteosarcoma of the distal tibia: a rare case report. Aymen Ben Fredj1,&, Lassaad Hassini1, Aymen Fekih1, Mohamed Allagui1, Issam Aloui1, Abderrazek Abid1. 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital, Monastir, Tunisia. &Corresponding author: Aymen Ben Fredj, ...

  5. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case report. A 49 year-old man who presented with recurrent upper abdominal pain of 9 years, and 6 months history of right hypochondrial swelling and weight loss. He also had history of early satiety and vomiting. No history suggestive of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Clinical examination revealed wasting, pallor and ...

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Raoul

    2009-03-06

    Mar 6, 2009 ... Patient and case report: Miss A is 26-years old and consulted for ... anticoagulant therapy can result in thrombosis of the mechanical prosthetic valve while, on the other hand, anticoagulant therapy is associated with foetal and ... Ben Ismail et al did not think that the use of heparin in the first trimester was ...

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-05-04

    May 4, 2012 ... We report a case of congenital immature teratoma of the orbit in a female neonate who presented on the second day of life. She was ... Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the.

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-12-08

    Dec 8, 2017 ... Rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy: a report of 2 cases. Asaph Ziruma1,& ... Pregnant women with severe mitral stenosis tend to experience clinical decompensation with approximately 50% mortality and they may experience .... mechanical/bio-prosthesis and valve repair should be discussed with.

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-04

    Sep 4, 2017 ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net). Case report ... occurrence during infancy; and development from neural crest cells. [1, 5]. In a histological review, .... with adjuvant treatment is suggested for recurrent lesions [3, 17]. All of these have been ...

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-06-11

    Jun 11, 2012 ... Abstract. Churg Strauss syndrome is a rare systemic and pulmonary vasculitis exceptionally associated with AA amyloidosis. We report the case of a 65-year old woman with past medical history of asthma. She developed polyarthralgia, headache and purpura. A laboratory workout found hypereosinophilia ...

  11. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    and imperforate anus. Figure 3: The examination of the spinal column revealed a spina bifida occulta. References. 1. Varygin V, Bernotas S, Gurskas P, Karmanovas V, et al. Cloacal exstrophy: a case report and literature review. Medicina. 1978;. 47(12): 682-5. PubMed| Google Scholar. 2. Carey JC, Greenbaum B, Hall BD.

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2016-04-14

    Apr 14, 2016 ... Abstract. Laparoscopic management of acute adhesive small bowel obstruction has been shown to be feasible and advantageous. However, widespread acceptance and application is still not observed. We describe the case report of a 58-year-old male who presented with signs and symptoms of.

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-10-08

    Oct 8, 2015 ... Abstract. Leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor which is rarely found in urethra. It often appears in females during their reproductive age (from menarche to menopause); the mean age of their appearance is approximately 41 years. Less than 100 cases were reported in the literature.We.

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-05-05

    May 5, 2015 ... Abstract. We report a new case of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type II which is a perinatal lethal form. First trimester ultrasound didn't identified abnormalities. Second trimester ultrasound showed incurved limbs, narrow chest, with hypomineralization and multiple fractures of ribs and long bones. Parents ...

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-06-02

    Jun 2, 2015 ... 1Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Mohammed V University, School of Medicine, Hay Riyad, 1018 Rabat,. Morocco. &Corresponding author: Soueilem ... space-occupying lesions (cysts, abscesses, tumors, and hematomas). We reported the case of a 52- year-old man ...

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nathan

    2009-11-12

    Nov 12, 2009 ... Table 2: Serum sodium, potassium and creatine phosphokinase from day 1 to day 5. Serum Na. (mmol/L). Serum K. (mmol/L) ... case reports stating that thiazide diuretics [3], proton pump inhibitor [4], sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim [5], mannitol therapy for colonoscopy [6] and following PVP (photoselective ...

  17. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-10-29

    Oct 29, 2012 ... We report a case of a calcification of the transverse and alar ligament in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. ... Physical examination found a painful palpation of C1 and C2, without stiff neck and neurologic examination was normal. A lateral view of ... A trial of anti-inflammatory therapy, analgesia, bed rest ...

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    16 janv. 2015 ... neurofibromatosis type 1 (Von Recklinghausen's disease). Am J. Surg Pathol. 2005; 29(6): 755- 763. PubMed | Google. Scholar. 7. Schiavon G, Maki R, Fornier M. GIST and breast cancer: 3 cases reports and a review of literature. Current Cancer therapy reviews. 2009; 5 (2): 100-104. PubMed | Google.

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    25 sept. 2011 ... Robin A, Méry G, George JL, Maalouf T, Angioi K. Facial necrotizing fasciitis after mild trauma of the eyelid: role of nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory treatment. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2010 Oct;33(8):568-72. This article on PubMed. 6. Cornelia Poitelea, Michael J. Wearne. Periocular necrotising fasciitis--a case report.

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-01-27

    Jan 27, 2015 ... following penetrating injury to the eye. Endogenous or metastatic endophthalmitis, a severe vision -threatening intraocular infection, occurs through bloodstream spread from a concurrent infection in the host or an external source. In this case report we present a patient developed endophthalmitis following ...

  1. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Arthritis: a Case Report. Intissar Haddiya*, Hakima Rhou, Loubna Benamar, Fatima Ezzaitouni, Rabia Bayahia, Naima. Ouzeddoun. Unit of Nephrology, Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco. * Corresponding author; Unit of Nephrology, Ibn Sina University. Hospital, Rabat, Morocco; E. mail: intissarhaddiya@hotmail.

  2. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hamid

    reinforced composite (FRC) prosthesis could be a good alternative to conventional prosthetic techniques, chiefly as temporary restoration before making a final decision on the treatment. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical procedure of fabricating anterior chairside FRC prosthesis with pre-impregnated ...

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    9 août 2017 ... We report a case of hemorrhagic stroke of the brainstem in a nonmonitored ... haemorrhagic stroke of the brainstem on the second post-operative day after cesarean section performed due to suspicion of retroplacental haematoma arisen .... syndrome hémorragique ont évolué favorablement et une patiente.

  4. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    an associated hernia or patent processus vaginalis, a conservative approach may be adopted. Case report: An 80 year-old bed-ridden male developed gross bilateral scrotal swelling (without cough impulse) and apparent UF failure shortly after initiation of CAPD. Computed tomography peritoneography (CTP) showed.

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-01-29

    Jan 29, 2015 ... 2. Gopal Krishna Maheshwari, Kalpana Sudhir Dave, Manish. Kumar Wadhwa, Usha Gopal, Rakesh Shah. Adenoid Cystic. Carcinoma Of The Uterine Cervix With Pulmonary Metastasis 11. Years After Radiotherapy: Case Report. Turkish Journal Of. Cancer. 2000; 30(4): 181-185. PubMed | Google Scholar.

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-07-14

    Jul 14, 2016 ... sarcoma mimicking abscess: review of the MRI appearances. Skeletal Radiol. 2001; 30:173 -7. PubMed | Google Scholar. 6. Adrian HO, Louis SL, Howard AO, Kenneth WA, John RG. Epithelioid sarcoma of the penis: Report of an unusual case and review of the literature. Ann Diagn Patho. 2000; 14(2):88-.

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-01-09

    Jan 9, 2013 ... We report in this observation a new case of primary hydatid cyst of the gallbladder diagnosed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Pan African Medical Journal. ... Routine blood tests proved unremarkable. ... postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged in the fourth postoperative day.

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-12-04

    Dec 4, 2015 ... was made, while maintaining of valproic acid and clonazepam.This combination allowed a partial remission, allowing a best level of adaptation, it has been maintained. The clozapine has not been tried in this case. Discussion. This case illustrates the presentation of Schizophrenia characterized.

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    Key words: Vagin, pancreatic cancer, metastases. Received: 10/12/2014 - Accepted: 18/01/2015 - Published: 12/02/2015. Abstract. Vaginal metastasis from pancreatic cancer is an extreme case and often indicates a poor prognosis. We present a case of ... cervix, uterus and bilateral adnexal structures are normal.

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-09-03

    Sep 3, 2015 ... disease almost always hepatic or in case of primary tumor on the systemic circulation (bronchi) and reveals the diagnosis in 2-5% of cases [7-9]. When the neuroendocrine tumor infiltrates the entire wall of the small bowel it creates a desmoplastic reaction followed by obstruction and stenosis [10]. Recently ...

  11. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-10-10

    Oct 10, 2017 ... Abstract. The cavernous hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumor. About 50 cases of this disease were found in the literature over the last century and only 9 cases of cavernous hemangioma on the pregnant uterus were published it comes into cavernous or capillary form. The symptomatology is.

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-01-09

    Jan 9, 2013 ... The electrolytes analysis revealed an acute hyponatremia. (sodium concentration 125 mmol/L). Medical treatment consisted of hypertonic saline solution 3%, volume expansion, intubation and ventilation. The presented case ... disturbance, pulmonary edema, cardiovascular compromise, and death [2].

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-06-27

    OHSS) are associated with the therapies for ovulation induction. However,. OHSS may rarely be associated with a spontaneous ovulatory cycle, usually in the case of multiple gestations, hypothyroidism or polycystic ovary.

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-09-03

    article/22/5/full/. © Sancar Serbest et ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net) ... cases) and limitation of joint movements (38-55%) at the involved area. Secondary ...

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-03-03

    translucent, hyper-or hypopigmented or erythematous-to- violaceous in color. In addition, epidermal changes may be absent or include atrophy, hyperkeratosis, or telangiectasia [2]. In our case the diagnosis of cutaneous sarcoidosis is ...

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-12

    Sep 12, 2017 ... The patient was single without any sexual activity and reported no drug addiction. A cervical physical examination revealed digastric lymphadenopathy on the right measuring 20x15mm. The left lymph nodes were normal. The rest of the physical examination was unremarkable reporting no peripheral skin ...

  17. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    recognized as necrotizing fasciitis of infective origin was discharged from hospital 20 days after with a definite source of infecting organisms which admission. may be so trivial as to be undetected. There are also. 2-5 few reports of FG in children. This is a report of our experience with the management of this uncommon.

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-01-07

    Jan 7, 2015 ... Preeclampsia is an entity that may present from 20th week of gestation up to 48 hours postpartum and is associated with hypertension and ... The awareness of atypical cases of preeclampsia enhances early diagnosis and management which are critical to ... hypertensive disorder in previous pregnancy.

  19. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    concerns were aspiration with resultant pneumonia, potential mediastinitis which has a mortality of over. 40% and the risk of carotid blow outs. In our patient the vascular surgeons advised a wait and watch policy, because the only option in case of a carotid blow out would have been sternotomy and then the question would ...

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2012-01-26

    Jan 26, 2012 ... small bowel obstruction. Abdominal computed tomography showed, for our first case, the relation of the incarcerated intestine anterior to and compressing the urinary bladder. We believe that the preoperative diagnosis of supravesical hernia by abdominal computed tomography is possible, as shown in our ...

  1. CASE REPORTS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    frequently leads to fear of uncertainty, stigma and sometimes sudden death ... cope with this situation. Case 2. This was a 50 year old Islamic cleric, known hypertensive and diabetic married to four (4) wives. He decided to check his HIV status having learnt on .... of human immunodeficiency virus type. 1infections. MMWR ...

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-11-27

    Nov 27, 2015 ... systemic lupus erythematosus nor other connective tissue disease. Pregnancy was uneventful. The postnatal ... day of life, platelet level dropped to 20 x 109/L. The newborn has received platelet transfusion, and human ... cases of aplastic anemia or hemolytic anemia [6,7]. A Japanese study, including 193 ...

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    6 oct. 2017 ... Gallbladder agenesis: about three cases. Amine Chouchaine1,&, Mahmoud Fodha1, Mohamed Taha Abdelkefi1, Kamel Helali1, Mohamed Fodha1. 1Service de Chirurgie Générale, Hôpital Taher Sfar, Mahdia, Tunisie. &Corresponding author: Amine Chouchaine, Service de Chirurgie Générale, Hôpital ...

  4. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Introduction: The most common complication of permanent hemodialysis (HD) vascular access is thrombosis, with some cases being related to a hypercoagulable state. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APAS) is a cause of increased thrombotic tendency, and this may complicate the management of.

  5. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    fatigue and convulsions due to severe metabolic alkalosis or hypomagnesemia. Manifestations of GS are rarely apparent before the age of five, and the syndrome is usually diagnosed during adolescence or adulthood. Here we describe a case of GS presenting in infancy with hypokalemia and psychomotor retardation.

  6. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the management of this rare complication seen as a cause of intestinal obstruction in a child at our centre. ... 1. Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria. for abdominal pain. It is also considered as a cause of acute non specific abdominal pain in children. CASE HISTORY ... abdomen in the past or previous abdominal surgery.

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-11-04

    Nov 4, 2013 ... Key words: Hepatitis B virus, post-infectious glomerulonephritis, antiviral treatment, corticosteroids. Received: 24/12/2012 ... We present a case of acute glomerulonephritis revealing a chronic viral hepatitis B. A 45 year-old ... He was oliguric with lower limbs edema and crackles on pulmonary auscultation.

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-11-08

    Nov 8, 2011 ... Abstract. Endometriosis with intestinal serosal involvement is not uncommon in women of childbearing age. However, endometriosis presenting as colon obstruction is rare and occurs in less than 1% of cases. The Lack of pathognomonic signs makes the diagnosis difficult, mostly because the main.

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-05-18

    May 18, 2015 ... Abstract. Vasa previa is a rare but clinically important obstetrical complication that can be associated with a low-lying placenta or placenta previa. We aim to present one case of vasa previa diagnosed during the placenta examination after the caesarean indicated for triple uterus scar. A 26-year-old.

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2012-04-04

    Apr 4, 2012 ... The patient was followed with weekly quantitative Β-hCG titers until three successive Β-hCG levels were negative. It is pertinent that clinicians take routine histological examination of tubal specimens in ectopic pregnancy very seriously in order to diagnose cases of ectopic molar gestations early and mount ...

  11. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Füchtbauer, Laila; Brusgaard, Klaus; Ledaal, Pål

    2015-01-01

    ey Clinical Message Vitamin D-dependent rickets type 1 VDDR-1 is a recessive inherited disorder with impaired activation of vitamin D, caused by mutations in CYP27B1. We present long-time follow-up of a case with a novel mutation including high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomograp...

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-10-10

    Oct 10, 2011 ... Mesh repair is now the gold standard technique of repair on incisional hernias. Infection of the mesh ... The risk of mesh infection has been shown to be greater in case of complicated hernia. We present the ... Published in partnership with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET). (www.afenet.net).

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-12

    Sep 12, 2017 ... Refusing any other therapy, our patient still lives healthy.This very rare case shows that KS ... Nasofibroscopy and panendoscopy were normal, the intradermal tuberculin test's reaction measured 3mm, ... the patient refused the treatment, he is still alive in good condition with no signs of local recurrence or ...

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    5 mai 2016 ... Garcia JA, Garcia-Fernandez M, Romance A, Sanchez JC. Wandering spleen and gastric volvulus. Pediatr Radiol. 1994;. 24(7): 535-6. PubMed | Google Scholar. 3. Melikoglu M, Colak T, Kasasoglu. Two unusual cases of wandering spleen requiring splenectomy. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 1995; 5(1): 48-9.

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-06-10

    Jun 10, 2015 ... Family history revealed also two undiagnosed cases of hydrops fetalis in two preterm stillbirths. Third trimester fetal ultrasonography revealed severe hydrops fetalis with skin edema, polyhydramnios, hepatomegaly, clustered bowel loops, and fetal hypokinesia. Maternal prenatal tests showed blood type A,.

  16. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-02-22

    Feb 22, 2011 ... Amputation of the right leg was necessary because of consultation occurred too late. However ... with anticoagulant treatment is effective for initial treatment of this complication. Pan African .... Subjects at risk of developing early coronary artery disease often have clustering of multiple risk factors (case 2).

  17. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-07-31

    Jul 31, 2012 ... A 68-year-old man, with history of insulin-dependent diabetes was referred to our hospital for a severe dysphagia associated with false passages and nasal regurgitations evolving for 10 ... In this case the main symptom was dysphagia, accompanied by vertigo and gait ataxia. Dysphagia is not the main ...

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    24 févr. 2015 ... Pathologies hypertrophiques des tissus graisseux de la face. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2006; 107(5):354-60. PubMed | Google Scholar. 4. Kilpatrick SE, Doyon J, Choong PF, Sim FH, Nascimento AG. The clinic pathologic spectrum of mixoide and round cell liposarcoma: a study of 95 cases. Cancer.

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    144. PubMed | Google Scholar. 6. Pant R, Poh ACC, Hwang SG. An unusual case of an intramuscular lipoma of the pectoralis major muscle simulating a malignant breast mass. Annals Academy of Medecine. Singapore. 2005; 34 (3): 275-276.

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    6 déc. 2017 ... An unusual cause of high dysphagia: schwannoma of the preepiglottic space. Jalila Ben Ayad1,& ... present a case not described in the literature of shwannoma in the pre epiglottic space. A 50-year-old woman, who .... endolaryngée au laser ou instrumentale est indiquée pour les schwannomes de petite ...

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-08-18

    Aug 18, 2015 ... Abstract. Bezoars are rare causes of gastrointestinal obstruction. Basically, they are of four types: trichobezoars, phytobezoars, pharmacobezoars, and lactobezoars. Some rare types of bezoars are also known. In this article a unique case of plastic bezoars is presented. We describe a girl aged 14.

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-29

    Sep 29, 2017 ... Bone is a common site of metastasis of carcinoma of prostrate, breast, lung, kidney, bladder and thyroid. Gastric cancer infrequently metastasizes to the bone. Disseminated bony metastases as the first clinical manifestation are seen in exceptional cases and it is known to have a very poor prognosis. The.

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2 févr. 2017 ... Myxoma involving posterolateral leaflet: about a case. Fouad Nya1,&, Abdessamad Abdou1, Mehdi Bamous1, Younes Moutakiallah1, Noureddine Atmani1, Aniss Seghrouchni1, Mahdi. Aithoussa1, Abdellatif Boulahya1. 1Mohamed V University, Cardiac Surgery Department, Mohamed V Military Hospital, ...

  4. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-11-15

    Nov 15, 2012 ... resembles a pot with round bottom and narrow neck used as an octopus trap called "Takotsubo" in Japanese. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy predominantly occurs in postmenopausal women, and a period of acute emotional or physiologic stress precedes the onset of symptoms in most cases. The prognosis is ...

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-15

    Sep 15, 2017 ... Epidermoid cyst in the sella turcica: about a case. Ghizlane El Mghari1, Bouchra Rafiq1,&, Nawal El Ansari1. 1Service d'Endocrinologie, Diabétologie et Maladies Métaboliques, Hôpital Arrazi, CHU Mohammed VI, Laboratoire de Recherche de Pneumo-Cardio-. Immunopathologie et Métabolisme (PCIM), ...

  6. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    effective means of handling femoral non-union in third world societies where instrumentation and implants for interlocked nailing may not be readily available. Key Words: Interlocked-Intramedullary nail, Femur, Cortical window. INTRODUCTION. CASE HISTRORY. Interlocked intramedullary nailing is a standard. A female ...

  7. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-05-13

    May 13, 2012 ... persons who are at risk of infection with tuberculosis (TB) due to recent exposure to a diagnosed or suspected index case (1). This approach helps ... TST skin test positive at 18.6 mm after 48 hours, both sputum smears were positive (grade 3+), and sputum culture positive. After confirmation of active TB ...

  8. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-11-23

    Nov 23, 2015 ... found the presence of deletion of ELN locus, compatible with. Williams-Beuren syndrome. The diagnosis of Williams-Beuren syndrome was made, and the patient is under observation, with a decline of eight months. Discussion. This paper is about an original case of Williams-Beuren syndrome associated ...

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-11-13

    Nov 13, 2012 ... We present a case of this rare entity: An 18-year-old woman presented with three month history of hiccups and progressive dyspnea. Chest X-ray revealed a very large homogenous opacity of the left lung. A diagnosis of giant hydatid cyst was made intra operatively; the patient was treated surgically using ...

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    21 mai 2015 ... Nagamine N, Nohara Y, Ito E. Elastofibroma in Okinawa. A clinicopathologic study of 170 cases. Cancer. 1982;50(9):1794-. 805.PubMed | Google Scholar. 8. Fibla J, Molins L, Marco V, Pérez J, Vidal G. Bilateral elastofibroma dorsi. Joint Bone Spine. 2007;74(2):194-. 6. PubMed | Google Scholar. 9.

  11. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2010-08-09

    Aug 9, 2010 ... search of severe visceral involvement of SSc such as pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and renal crises. Conclusion. In conclusion, is there an association between PRP and SSc? Our case illustrates for the first time this possible association or co-existence, but the rare nature of the two diseases ...

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    iamong

    2016-08-10

    Aug 10, 2016 ... industry (manufacturing of plastics, chemical, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals) [1, 2]. There has been a ... consequences due to direct exposure by inhalation, skin contact or ingestion, there are systemic effects ... rules, measures and precautions of its use in caring environments. [7]. This rare medico-legal case ...

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-01-19

    Jan 19, 2011 ... Because of this, the diagnosis is often not considered, or, perhaps, considered briefly and disregarded because of its relative rarity; this is especially true if the accident occurs before the onset of labor, in an inconspicuous clinical setting” [6]. This Case. Throughout Africa, patients live in remote sites with ...

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    19 juil. 2016 ... Post-traumatic ossification of the medial collateral ligament of the knee: about a case. Hafid Arabi1,&, Hicham Sellahi2. 1Equipe de Recherche Clinique et Epidémiologique de la Pathologie Ostéo-articulaire, UCH Mohammed VI, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy. Marrakech, Cadi AAyad University, Maroc ...

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cqq1a

    20 sept. 2010 ... Desplypere JP, Pract M, Verdonk G. An unusual case of trichobezoar: The Rapunzel Syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 1982 Jul;77(7):467-. 7. This article on PubMed. 9. Kaushik NK, Sharma YP, Negi A, Jaswal A. Images - Gastric trichobezoar. Ind J Radiol Imag. 1999;9(3):137-139. 10. Newman B, Girdany ...

  16. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hamid

    1Department of Prosthetic Dentistry & Biomaterials Science, Institute of Dentistry, ... In the dental literature there are few clinical studies on the fiber reinforced FPDs and most of them present short-term results [2,8,9]. CASE ANALYSIS. A twenty two-year-old patient lost .... polymer-based provisional crown and FPD materials.

  17. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-02-29

    Feb 29, 2016 ... Classification of subtrochanteric femoral fractures. Injury. 2010. Jul;41(7):739-45. PubMed | Google Scholar. 3. Kennedy MT, Mitra A, Hierlihy TG, Harty JA, Reidy D, Dolan M. Subtrochanteric hip fractures treated with cerclage cables and long cephalomedullary nails: a review of 17 consecutive cases over. 2.

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2012-02-13

    Feb 13, 2012 ... The disease is evident by age of 20 in almost half of the cases and affects both sexes equally [2]. Although genetic predisposition [2], anomalies of blood vessels or lymph vessels [3], and metabolic abnormalities [4] have been proposed as possible underlying pathophysiologic causes, the exact etiology of.

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    26 avr. 2016 ... cases relating idiopathic gastric necrosis in a young patient who presented no heart failure, or particular psychological profiles (bulimia, anorexia) no venous or arterial thrombosis were found during surgical exploration during the pathological study, no toxic or bacteriological founded. Gastric necrosis is ...

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-11-13

    Nov 13, 2015 ... polyarthritis, gout, hyperparathyroidism, disseminated erythematous lupus, or obesity) [1]. Tendon rupture associated with statin therapy is rare [4], operative view in our case, showed degenerative tendon. Pain, cracking sensation, active knee extension deficiency and palpable supra-patellar defect are the ...

  1. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2014-05-15

    May 15, 2014 ... osteodystrophy secondary to hyperparathyroidism Through one case of spontaneous rupture of the quadriceps tendon occurred in a patient with chronic renal failure we stressed the difficulty of therapeutic management in this patient and the benefit of early rehabilitation. Patient and observation. Our patient ...

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    17 janv. 2016 ... Budd-Chiari syndrome: a rare complication of hepatic sarcoidosis (about one case). Ismael Ait Sghier1,&, Nabil Moatassim Billah1. 1Service de Radiologie Centrale, Hôpital Avicenne, Rabat, Maroc. &Corresponding author: Ismael Ait Sghier, Service de Radiologie Centrale, Hôpital Avicenne, Rabat, Maroc.

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-10-17

    Oct 17, 2012 ... Abstract. Spermatocytic Seminoma is an unusual germ cell tumour known to arise from testis only. It is associated with good prognosis. Testicular tumours as such are uncommon in Asia as compared to western countries. In the literature only five cases of bilateral synchronous Spermatocytic. Seminoma ...

  4. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    12 déc. 2017 ... Pelvic pain was the main reason for consultation. The diagnosis of heterotopic pregnancy was suspected on ultrasound in both cases. The first patient underwent conservative treatment by .... grossesse hétérotopique n'est posé qu'à l'apparition des signes d'un hémopéritoine secondaire à une rupture de ...

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-02-09

    Feb 9, 2015 ... Abstract. Empyema thoracis necessitans is a rare clinical finding nowadays. We report 55 years old Saudi male with past history of road traffic accident, poly trauma, chest surgery and paraplegia admitted for rehabilitation in Sultan Bin Abduaziz Humanitarian City (SBAHC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and.

  6. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Raoul

    2009-06-10

    Jun 10, 2009 ... Gokhan Yildirim et al [5] reported that EC is frequently associated with other congenital defects involving multiple organ systems. Ventricular septal defects and tetralogy of Fallot are the most common associated intracardiac defects, while omphalocele is the most common associated abdominal wall defect.

  7. Case Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, K P; Bruunsgaard, H; Marquart, H V

    2017-01-01

    Hypogammaglobulinemia (HGG) is well-characterized as a common phenomenon after kidney transplantation. However, no reports of pre-existing HGG from kidney transplantation seem to be available. We have reviewed three patients who developed HGG prior to kidney transplantation, and all three were tr...

  8. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administratör

    2008-10-10

    Oct 10, 2008 ... him aesthetic embarrassment among his peers. He had a history of similar swellings since birth for which he had surgical excision at 7 years of age ... circumscriptum. Carbon dioxide laser vaporization [19] and combined laser light and radiofrequency energy [20] are reported to be effective and relatively ...

  9. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-08-27

    Aug 27, 2011 ... admitted in our hospital with abdominal distension and pain. Physical ... abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography failed to determine the cause of the pain. ... patient reported a history of chronic constipation for which intermittent medical treatment administered for 2 years had failed. Clinical ...

  10. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery are the different therapeutic options used either alone or in combination. We report a 57 years old patient treated with chemotherapy (6 cycles of R-CHOP) for primary NHL of the bladder with a complete response while ... tumors of the bladder are extremely rare; and primary non-.

  11. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2010-07-28

    Jul 28, 2010 ... biotin complex method with a peroxidase and diaminobenzidine color development system. The cervical tumor showed neuroendocrine differentiation, as demonstrated by chromogranin-A positivity (figure 3). The diagnosis was pathologically reported as “Small Cell Type of Neuroendocrine Cancer of ...

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-02-27

    Feb 27, 2015 ... Clinical features the typical positional headache, a procession of various more or less severe symptoms: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, visual or hearing impairment or radicular pain. We report a dural of unusual cause secondary of the obstruction of tuohy catheter by vertebral cartilage. Pan African Medical ...

  13. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2012-02-22

    Feb 22, 2012 ... Distant metastasis to ST, defined as metastasis to skeletal muscle and subcutaneous tissues, are an uncommon presenting feature for primary solid tumours [3, 4] and represent less than 3% of soft-tissue malignancies [5]. Autopsy series have reported ST metastasis in 0.75% - 9% of patients who died of ...

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-11-21

    Nov 21, 2011 ... be mobile and non-tender. There was no evidence of ... On physical examination, the child's mass was large, freely mobile, apparently non-tender, and not associated with other organomegaly. That .... Retrieving the pathologist's report was also an ordeal, since they initially couldn't locate it. That, however ...

  15. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-05-11

    May 11, 2017 ... EBV is also reported in association with various vasculitis forms such as Kawasaki disease, leucocytoclastic vasculitis, granulomatous vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus and ANCA associated vasculitis [9]. Pender stated autoimmune diseases are mainly caused by the infection of autoreactive B cells.

  16. CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Crossbow injuries are uncommon among penetrating trauma. The tendency for a crossbow bolt to remain in situ appears to limit catastrophic haemorrhage despite the involvement of major vessels.1 Here we report our experience with an injury to the left internal jugular vein by a crossbow bolt. The injury was successfully ...

  17. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    children, asthma in their mother and eosinophilia in all 3 is perhaps, a pointer to the inherence of atopy in the family. Like many other dermatologic conditions, the diagnosis of AD is in most part clinical, but eosinophilia when found is highly supportive. This report brings to the fore the need for high index of suspicion and.

  18. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-07-02

    Jul 2, 2012 ... Her past medical and family history was unremarkable; she reported no use of topical medications, cosmetics and contact lenses. Physical examination showed prominent swelling on a background of mild erythema involving the eyelids. There was no associated symptoms, including fever, pain, pruritus, ...

  19. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-09-14

    Sep 14, 2017 ... diameter, and slightly painful (the pain was reported mainly in the right side). Ultrasound showed a homogeneous well limited echogenic avascular structure measuring 67 x 30 mm. Magnetic resonance imaging set the diagnosis by revealing bilateral soft tissue tumors regarding the tip of the scapula, ...

  20. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2012-02-22

    Feb 22, 2012 ... The most frequent sites of metastasis for carcinoma of the pancreas are the lymph nodes, lung, liver, adrenal glands, kidney and bone [1]. To our knowledge ... Only a small percentage of ST metastasis has been reported to occur in the presence of disseminated disease [5]. Distant metastases to the soft ...

  1. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    common among rabbits in Nigeria and elsewhere than the paucity of reports on the incidence. Measures to be adopted in order to forestall dental malocclusion in rabbits are discussed. Keywords: Malocclusion, rabbit, incisor. INTRODUCTION. Malocclusion is a failure of teeth to align correctly in order to preocclude further ...

  2. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    5 janv. 2015 ... bilatérale du liquide sous rétinien. Figure 4: amélioration du fond d'œil et disparition du liquide sous rétinien à l'OCT après 8 mois d'évolution. Références. 1. Mausolf FA, Mensher JH. Experimental hyperviscosity retinopathy preliminary report. Ann Ophthalmol. 1973; 5(2):. 205-9. PubMed | Google Scholar.

  3. CASE REPORT Lipofibromatosis – a case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-11-12

    Nov 12, 2007 ... CASE REPORT. 99. SA JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY • December 2007. Introduction. Lipofibromatosis is a rare paediatric tumour described by Fetsch et al.1 in. 2000. They documented 45 cases of this soft-tissue entity. Since then there have been a few reports of this tumour and its imaging characteristics.2.

  4. Portal cholangiopathy: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecilia Almeida Maia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present report describes the case of a child that after blunt abdominal trauma presented with portal thrombosis followed by progressive splenomegaly and jaundice. Ultrasonography and percutaneous cholangiography revealed biliary dilatation secondary to choledochal stenosis caused by dilated peribiliary veins, characterizing a case of portal biliopathy. The present case report is aimed at presenting an uncommon cause of this condition.

  5. CASE REPORT Mermaid baby

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CASE REPORT. 66. SA JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY • September 2010. Abstract. We were recently intrigued by a baby born at Kalafong Hospital with fused lower extremities resembling a mermaid, which caused us to search for the background and origin of this entity called sirenomelia. Case report. A 40-year-old woman ...

  6. Essential trichomegaly: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Dutra Rossetto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports two cases of symptomatic essential trichomegaly. Trichomegaly may develop in various diseases, including anorexia nervosa, hypothyroidism, pregnancy, pretibial myxedema, systemic lupus erythematosus, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and uveitis. The exact incidence trichomegaly is unknown, and the condition remains sporadically reported. Two cases of symptomatic trichomegaly without any associated systemic disorder are presented in this paper.

  7. Case report: Perinephric lymphangiomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorantla Rajani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Perirenal lymphangiomatosis is a rare benign malformation of the lymphatic system. We report here a case of bilateral perirenal and parapelvic involvement with a normal excretory collecting system.

  8. PARAPHILLIA : A CASE REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawar, A.A.; Valdiya, P.S.; Chaudhury, S.

    2001-01-01

    A case of paraphilia presenting with multiple sexual deviations is reported. The disorder occurred against a background of disordered childhood and was later associated with alcohol abuse. PMID:21407845

  9. Oral Myiasis : Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Ramli, Roszalina; Abd Rahman, Roslan

    2002-01-01

    Myiasis occurs when living tissues of mammals are invaded by eggs or larvae of flies, mainly from the order of Diptera. Most of the previousty reported cases are in the tropics and they were usually associated with inadequate personal hygiene, sometimes with poor manual dexterity. This report describes two cases of oral myiasis in cerebral palsy patients in Seremban General Hospital, Malaysia. This article also discusses the therapeutic property of maggots and highlights the importance of ora...

  10. The medical case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case reports have a role in pharmacovigilance and can contribute to the understanding of the clinical spectrum of rare diseases and unusual presentations in common ones. These anecdotal reports often help researchers to generate study hypotheses – including plausible mechanisms of disease. However, one of the most ...

  11. Breast nocardiosis: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Min Ju; Kim, Sun Mi; Park, Jeong Mi [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-11-01

    Nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection occurring in immunocompromised patients. Worldwidely, about four cases of nocardiosis of the breast have been previously reported, but none of these were in Korea. We describe a case of breast nocardiosis associated with pulmonary infection in a patient with Cushing's disease. In our patient, multiple, well-defined, conglomerated, tubular-shaped, isodense mass was revealed at mammography, and an irregular-shaped, ill-defined, heterogeneous echoic mass with movable debris at ultrasonography.

  12. Case report 537: Chondroblastoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pignatti, G.; Nigrisoli, M.

    1989-05-01

    A case is reported of a 10-year-old girl who presented with pain in the left hip. Radiologically, a well-defined lytic lesion with a sclerotic border was present in the neck of the femur, with no epiphyseal involvement. The rarity of a metaphyseal site of origin of a chondroblastoma was stressed and the literature reviewed. (orig./GDG).

  13. Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis - case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashida, Marcos Takeyoshi; Mitsui, Grasiela Lissa; dos Reis, Natalia Ivanoff; Fantinato, Giovana; Jordão Neto, Domingos; Mercante, Ana Maria da Cunha

    2015-01-01

    Epidermolytic hipercetarose is a rare genodermatosis, with a prevalence of 1:100.000 to 1:300.000, with autosomal dominant inheritance. We report the case of a 5 year old girlwho presented an hypertrophic verrucous plaques in the neck, under arm, buttocks, knees, pelvis, legs, dorsum of the right foot and elbows. Histological examination of the skin lesions showed typical changes of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. Because it is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance, the individual carrying the mutation will necessarily develop the disease. However, in 50% of cases postzygotic mutation occur. The case report emphasizes early diagnosis and differential diagnoses with ichthyosis and other bullous diseases of childhood, as well as discussing the therapeutic possibilities. PMID:26734873

  14. Askin Tumour: Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomez, Carolina; Ramirez, Sandra Milena; Quesada, Diana Constanza; Unigarro Luz Adriana

    2011-01-01

    In this article we report a case of a 19 year-old woman with a final diagnosis of an extra skeletal Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor/Ewing sarcoma of the chest, also known as Askin tumour. The histologic features and the immunohistochemical profile were consistent with this aggressive malignancy of the chest wall that affects young people. Because the low incidence of this entity, as well as the clear radiological findings, we considered it interesting to describe this documented case and undertake a review of the literature.

  15. Cystic fibrosis: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Si Hyun; Lee, Hyun Ju; Kim, Ji Hye; Park, Chol Heui

    2002-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. Among Caucasians, it is the most common cause of pulmonary insufficiency during the first three decades of life. The prevalence of cystic fibrosis varies according to ethnic origin: it is common among Caucasians but rare among Asians. We report a case in which cystic fibrosis with bronchiectasis and hyperaeration was revealed by high-resolution CT, and mutation of the cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator gene (CFTR) by DNA analysis

  16. Cystic fibrosis: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Si Hyun; Lee, Hyun Ju; Kim, Ji Hye; Park, Chol Heui

    2002-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis is a autosomal recessive genetic disease. Among caucasians, it is the most common cause of pulmonary insufficiency during the first three decades of life. The prevalence of cystic fibrosis varies according to ethnic origin: it is common among caucasians but rare among Asians. We report a case in which cystic fibrosis with bronchiectasis and hyperaeration was revealed by high-resolution CT, and mutation of the cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator gene (CFTR) by DNA analysis

  17. Alkaptonuria: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirupama Damarla

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Alkaptonuria is a rare inborn error of metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance with a mutation in homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase. It results in accumulation of homogentisic acid in connective tissues (ochronosis. Most common ocular manifestations are bluish-black discoloration of the conjunctiva, cornea, and sclera. In this case report, a 39-year-old Indian male patient with additional ocular features in the retina is described.

  18. Neurocysticercosis. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carangelo, B; Erra, S; Del Basso De Caro, M L; Bucciero, A; Vizioli, L; Panagiotopoulos, K; Cerillo, A

    2001-03-01

    In the present review we report a case of a 53-year-old woman affected with a cyst solitary cerebral hemispheric lesion causing acute generalized seizure. Clinical and neuroradiologic diagnosis of cystic astrocytoma was performed and the patient was operated. Microscopic analysis of the surgical specimen led to a diagnosis of parasitic infection, consistent with neurocysticercosis (NCC). NCC is the most frequent parasitosis of the central nervous system (CNS) in the world. The infective agent is taenia solium larvae. It is endemic in Latin America, Africa and some Asiatic countries, such as India. In Europe, many cases have been reported in Portugal, Spain, Poland and Romania. In Italy NCC is a rare disease. In recent years no cases have been described, but with high rate of immigration from endemic areas (Africa and East Europe) this parasitosis will be found in our country too, particularly affecting communities where hygienic conditions are poor. In conclusion we briefly analyze the relationship between pathogenesis of this parasitosis and its clinical symptoms.

  19. Amitraz poisoning: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Alexander Molina-Bolaños

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Amitraz is an insecticide compound used worldwide for controlling pests, especially in agricultural and livestock areas. However, amitraz poisoning in Colombia is rare. This article reports the case of an 18-year-old female patient who was admitted in the emergency service 3 hours after the intake of an unknown amount of Triatox® (amitraz. The patient presented with a depressed level of consciousness, respiratory distress, hypotension, bradycardia, myosis and metabolic acidosis compensated with respiratory alkalosis. Initial treatment was provided using life support measures in the emergency ward, and subsequent transfer and support in the intensive care unit. She was discharged 24 hours after admission. This case considers the clinical similarity between amitraz poisoning and poisoning caused by other more frequent toxic compounds such as carbamates, organophosphates and opioids, which require different management.

  20. Thallium intoxication. Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sojáková, Michaela; Žigrai, Miroslav; Karaman, Andrej; Plačková, Silvia; Klepancová, Petra; Hrušovský, Štefan

    2015-01-01

    We report a rare case of serious voluntary intoxication by laboratory thallium monobromate combined with alcohol intake by a 24-years old man. The diagnosis of thallium intoxication was based on history, nonspecific but typical clinical symptoms including gastrointestinal complaints, painful polyneuropathy, alopecia, and confirmed by the finding of increased thallium concentration in the urine. The treatment, performed at the due time, consisted of decontamination of the stomach by irrigation, administration of active charcoal and Prussian blue, correction of water and mineral dysbalance, symptomatic treatment, and led to complete recovery.

  1. [Pearson syndrome. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammarata-Scalisi, Francisco; López-Gallardo, Ester; Emperador, Sonia; Ruiz-Pesini, Eduardo; Da Silva, Gloria; Camacho, Nolis; Montoya, Julio

    2011-09-01

    Among the etiologies of anemia in the infancy, the mitochondrial cytopathies are infrequent. Pearson syndrome is diagnosed principally during the initial stages of life and it is characterized by refractory sideroblastic anemia with vacuolization of marrow progenitor cells, exocrine pancreatic dysfunction and variable neurologic, hepatic, renal and endocrine failures. We report the case of a 14 month-old girl evaluated by a multicentric study, with clinic and molecular diagnosis of Pearson syndrome, with the 4,977-base pair common deletion of mitochondrial DNA. This entity has been associated to diverse phenotypes within the broad clinical spectrum of mitochondrial disease.

  2. Spinal Neurocysticercosis: Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amaya P, Melina; Roa, Jose L

    2011-01-01

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most frequent parasitic illness of the central nervous system caused by the larval form of Taenia solium and its considered to be endemic in Latin America. Its diagnosis is based on imaging findings and epidemiological data; although its diagnosis can be made through the detection of specific IgG antibodies, these tests have limited availability in our environment. Central nervous system involvement is generally observed in the brain parenchyma, and less commonly in the ventricular system and subarachnoid space; only infrequently is reported to involve the structures within the spinal canal, in this article we review a case of a patient with spinal cysticercal involvement.

  3. CASE REPORT: NODULAR MELANOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Zupančič

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Nodular melanoma is a rare type of cutaneous melanoma with an increased risk of death. It often mimics benign cutaneous tumors and inflammatory lesions. It has pronounced vertical growth phase and greater thickness at the time of diagnosis which caries ominous prognostic value. Nodular melanoma quickly develops metastases which are often present before the disease is clinically recognised. Here, we report a case of nodular melanoma clinically mimicking seborrheic keratosis. Therapy and 36 months follow-up after primal excision are also presented.

  4. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehran Hiradfar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital epulis is a very rare benign soft-tissue tumor of uncertain histogenesis, which is also known as “gingival granular cell tumor of the newborn”. It occurs almost exclusively as a single tumor along the alveolar ridge of the maxilla in newborn females. Although congenital epulis is strikingly similar to the more common adult granular cell tumor histologically, in contrast to the latter congenital epulis cells are negative for S-100 protein. This case report describes a 15-day-old female infant with multiple congenital epulis of the mandibular alveolar ridge.

  5. Fantom pain: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marić Sanja S.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Phantom limb pain is a common problem after limb amputation (41-85%. It is described as an extremely painful sensation in the missing part of the body that can last for hours, days or even years. It is considered to arise from cortical reorganization, although many factors can increase the risk of phantom limb pain: pain before surgery, age and sex of the patients, the time elapsed since surgery, stump pain, inadequate prosthesis. Phantom limb pain therapy is very complicated. Case report We reported a case of 80-year-old patient suffering from phantom limb pain and phantom sensation 25 years after the amputation of his left leg due to the injury. The patient has pain at the site of amputation, sensation that he has the leg and that it occupies an unusual position and almost daily exhausting phantom limb pain (6-9 visual analogue scale - VAS with disturbed sleep and mood. We managed to reduce the pain under 4 VAS and decrease the patient suffering by combining drugs from the group of coanalgetics (antidepressants, antiepileptics, non-pharmacological methods (transcutaneous electroneurostimulation - TENS, mirror therapy and femoral nerve block in the place of disarticulation of the left thigh. Conclusion Phantom limb pain therapy is multimodal, exhausting for both the patient and the physician and it is often unsuccessful. The combination of different pharmacological and non-pharmacological modalities can give satisfactory therapeutic response.

  6. Tongue Abscess: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carvalho, Thiago Bittencourt Ottoni de

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The tongue abscesses are rare even being frequently in touch with trauma, bites, and foreign bodies. It occurs because of the immunological features of the saliva and some histological and anatomical characteristics of the tongue. This work has as objective report a case of tongue abscess occurred in our job, and do a literature review. Case Report: Patient of 76 years, male, assisted with complaint of pain when swallowing with progressive evolution for a week, with a significant deterioration over three days. Report history of the surgery, for dental implant in the beginning of the period. In the admission during the oral cavity examination was evident bulging of nearly 2x2 cm in the middle third posterior of the right tongue, painful to palpation. Was opted the hospitalization of the patient. Was required a MRI that showed suggestive lesions of abscess in the base of the tongue in the right side. Was submitted to a clinical treatment with antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage. The patient recovered uneventfully. Discussion: The clinical manifestation from the tongue abscess can be varied. The diagnosis must be done by clinic history, correlating risk factors associated, physical exam and the confirmatory imaging exams. The etiology and the differential diagnosis must be considered depending of the place of the clinical manifestation. The approach must include the permeability of airway, clinical support, and systemic antibiotic therapy and abscess drainage. Final Considerations: The abscess of the tongue must go in the differential diagnosis of bulging of the tongue being conducted with the antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage in a daily basis.

  7. Glomangiomatosis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitzhugh, Valerie A. [Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Newark, NJ (United States); Beebe, Kathleen S. [Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Department of Orthopaedics, Newark, NJ (United States); Wenokor, Cornelia; Blacksin, Marcia [Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Department of Radiology, Newark, NJ (United States)

    2017-10-15

    Glomangiomatosis is a benign vascular variant of a glomus tumor. The lesion represents only 5% of glomus tumors with unusual or atypical features and even fewer glomus tumors with typical features. The lesions are most commonly located in the distal extremities and are multiple, deep, extensive, and often pain producing. They develop from small arteriovenous anastamoses and are most often identified in young adults. The lesions may recur. We present a case of a 33-year-old male who presented clinically with multiple slowly enlarging masses of the leg over a 5-year period, of which one caused significant pain. One of the lesions was reported to be present at birth. Imaging studies were performed and were suggestive of neurofibromatosis. Biopsies from multiple lesions led to an eventual diagnosis of multiple glomangiomatosis. (orig.)

  8. Glomangiomatosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fitzhugh, Valerie A.; Beebe, Kathleen S.; Wenokor, Cornelia; Blacksin, Marcia

    2017-01-01

    Glomangiomatosis is a benign vascular variant of a glomus tumor. The lesion represents only 5% of glomus tumors with unusual or atypical features and even fewer glomus tumors with typical features. The lesions are most commonly located in the distal extremities and are multiple, deep, extensive, and often pain producing. They develop from small arteriovenous anastamoses and are most often identified in young adults. The lesions may recur. We present a case of a 33-year-old male who presented clinically with multiple slowly enlarging masses of the leg over a 5-year period, of which one caused significant pain. One of the lesions was reported to be present at birth. Imaging studies were performed and were suggestive of neurofibromatosis. Biopsies from multiple lesions led to an eventual diagnosis of multiple glomangiomatosis. (orig.)

  9. Alcoholic hallucinosis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Werner Griciunas

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Case report of patient who has been an alcoholic for 40 years and, after reducing alcohol intake, developed auditory and visual hallucinations, which caused behavior change. Neurological issues, electrolyte disturbances and other organ dysfunctions were excluded as cause of said change. After intake of haloperidol and risperidone, the patient had regression of symptoms and denied having presented hallucinatory symptoms. The Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais – 5ª edição (DSM-V includes alcoholic hallucinosis in the Substance-Induced Psychotic Disorder (alcohol, beginning during abstinence; however, the document is not yet very well accepted among the medical community. The difficulty of the team to confirm the diagnosis of alcoholic hallucinosis lies in the differential diagnosis, as Delirium tremens and severe withdrawal syndrome with psychotic symptoms. Thus, psychopathological differentiation is important, as well as continuity of research and collaboration of other clinical teams in the evaluation.

  10. Aglossia: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bommarito, Silvana; Zanato, Luciana Escanoela; Vieira, Marilena Manno; Angelieri, Fernanda

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Aglossia is a rare condition caused by failure of the tongue embryogenesis process (in the fourth to eighth weeks of gestation). The tongue is an organ used in different activities such as sucking, swallowing, chewing, and talking. It is also responsible for shaping palate dental arches (in its absence, they become atrophic). There are few similar cases reported in the literature. Objective To describe a rare case of aglossia and the multidisciplinary professionals working together for 5 years to treat the patient. Resumed Report An 8-year-old girl with aglossia had an assessment comprising: (1) clinical assessment of the stomatognathic system related to resting posture, tonus, and mobility; (2) orthodontic assessment; (3) surface electromyography of the chewing muscles; (4) swallowing videofluoroscopy. Conclusion The authors confirmed the need of multidisciplinary cooperation to improve the patient's quality of life, because agenesia implicates many activities/functions that depend on the tongue to fully work. Multiprofessional cooperation helps the patient learn compensation mechanisms.

  11. Aglossia: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bommarito, Silvana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Aglossia is a rare condition caused by failure of the tongue embryogenesis process (in the fourth to eighth weeks of gestation. The tongue is an organ used in different activities such as sucking, swallowing, chewing, and talking. It is also responsible for shaping palate dental arches (in its absence, they become atrophic. There are few similar cases reported in the literature. Objective To describe a rare case of aglossia and the multidisciplinary professionals working together for 5 years to treat the patient. Resumed Report An 8-year-old girl with aglossia had an assessment comprising: (1 clinical assessment of the stomatognathic system related to resting posture, tonus, and mobility; (2 orthodontic assessment; (3 surface electromyography of the chewing muscles; (4 swallowing videofluoroscopy. Conclusion The authors confirmed the need of multidisciplinary cooperation to improve the patient's quality of life, because agenesia implicates many activities/functions that depend on the tongue to fully work. Multiprofessional cooperation helps the patient learn compensation mechanisms.

  12. Regional odontodysplasia: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Magalhães

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Regional odontodysplasia (RO is a rare developmental anomaly involving both mesodermal and ectodermal dental components in a group of contiguous teeth. It affects the primary and permanent dentitions in the maxilla and mandible or both jaws. Generally it is localized in only one arch. The etiology of this dental anomaly is uncertain. Clinically, affected teeth have an abnormal morphology, are soft on probing and typically discolored, yellow or yellowish-brown. Radiographically, the affected teeth show a "ghostlike" appearance. This paper reports the case of a 5-year-old girl presenting this rare anomaly on the left side of the maxillary arch, which crossed the midline. The primary maxillary left teeth (except for the canine and the primary maxillary right central incisor were missing due to previous extractions. The permanent teeth had a "ghostlike" appearance radiographically. The treatment performed was rehabilitation with temporary partial acrylic denture and periodic controls. In the future, the extraction of affected permanent teeth and rehabilitation with dental implants will be evaluated. The presentation of this case adds valuable information to pediatric dentists to review special clinical and radiographic features of RO, which will facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of patients with this condition.

  13. Instructions for Radiological Case Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannas, Peter

    2017-04-01

    Purpose  This paper explains the purpose and structure of a radiological case report and provides guidance for radiologists with respect to the writing of a well-structured patient case report. Materials and Methods  The current literature and the author's experience as a writer were used to create a manual that describes steps for preparing a radiological case report containing all of the important ingredients for effective communication. Results  Case reports are the first line of evidence in documenting clinical observations in the literature. A case report should be written succinctly and consists of four structured main sections: introduction, description of the case, discussion and conclusion. Its structure follows the structure of an original research article, whereby the description of the case of the case report corresponds to the materials and methods section of the research article. The introduction provides the subject and merit of the case report with respect to the published literature. The case description presents the case in detail and chronological order to allow for plausibility. The discussion compares the case with the published literature and summarizes the essential features. A case report, like an original article, must provide a justified conclusion. The conclusion should be brief and be applicable to clinical practice. Conclusion  The unique quality of the case, proper preparation and a clear conclusion are essential for a case report to be published. Key Points: · Case reports are the first line of evidence in documenting clinical observations in the literature. · The structure of a case report structure follows the structure of an original research article. · The unique quality of the case, proper preparation and a clear conclusion are essential for a case report to be published.. Citation Format · Bannas P. Anleitung zum Schreiben eines radiologischen Fallberichts. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2017; 189: 333 - 337.

  14. Patellar osteochondroma: case report,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Barra de Moraes

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to report on a rare case of patellar osteochondroma. A 60-year-old man presented a tumor on his left patella that had developed over a 10-year period, which is a rare occurrence, considering the patient's age and the site at which the tumor appeared. The clinical condition comprised mild pain and the presence of a mass, without limitation of flexion-extension or any neurovascular deficit. The tumor dimensions were 8 cm longitudinally × 6 cm transversally × 3 cm anteroposteriorly. It was hardened and was adhering to the patellar bone plane. On radiographs and tomographic scans, we observed areas of greater density corresponding to bone and other less dense areas that could correspond to slow-growing cartilage, with irregularities on the patellofemoral joint surface. Simple resection of the tumor was performed, and the anatomopathological examination confirmed that it was a patellar osteochondroma. Osteochondroma, or osteocartilaginous exostosis, includes a large proportion of the benign bone tumors. It results from cell alterations that trigger unregulated production of spongy bone. It is basically treated by means of surgical removal of the tumor mass. This is not essential, but is recommended in order to avoid lesions caused by contiguity and the risk of malignant transformation.

  15. Case report 363

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Langer, R.; Kaufmann, H.J.

    1986-01-01

    In summary, the case is presented of a 10-year-old girl with a fibrosarcoma of the femoral shaft, which showed the radiological and histological features of a malignant bone tumor, but with no findings radiologically pathognomonic of fibrosarcoma. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma, fibrogenic osteosarcoma and even Ewing tumor could present with the same radiological features. Although permeative infiltration of bone (described in this case) is observed in primary fibrosarcoma, it is much more commonly associated with another malignant bone tumor of childhood - Ewing tumor. (orig./SHA)

  16. Gallbladder torsion. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, K; Rasmussen, O V

    1991-01-01

    Gallbladder torsion is a rare surgical emergency occurring primarily in elderly women. The anatomical background is a variation in the attachment of the gallbladder to the inferior margin of the liver. Increasing life span will probably lead to an increasing number of cases, and gallbladder torsion...

  17. Vulval melanoma ;case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR M.O.A. SAMAILA

    2 cases of malignant tumours arising in pre-existing naevi. Fig II: Basal cell carcinoma showing palisading and ... fairly demarcated tumour with a lobular pattern, composed of oval cells having vesicular nuclei and ... Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a locally invasive tumour which rarely metastasizes.21 It is not common in our ...

  18. Morquio syndrome. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonne Alejandra Meza

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a Morquio syndrome, it is a disease transmitted by inheritance autosomic recessive, is systemic disease, mainly affects cartilage, clinically there is deficiency of Galactose-6-sulfatase and beta-galactosidase enzymes, clinically is observed disharmonic growth of bones and coarse fascies.

  19. Rhomboencephalosynapsis: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arango Bonnet, German; Munoz, Clara Eugenia; Narvaez, Jorge Andres

    2008-01-01

    Rhomboencephalosynapsis is an uncommon congenital malformation of the posterior fossa, that consists of agenesia of the vermis and fusion of cerebellar hemispheres in the middle line. It is usually associated with supratentorial alterations like hidrocephaly and thalamic fusion,that condition the prognosis of the patient. We describe the case of a 10 month patient with rhomboencephalosynapsis.

  20. Gallbladder torsion. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, K; Rasmussen, O V

    1991-01-01

    Gallbladder torsion is a rare surgical emergency occurring primarily in elderly women. The anatomical background is a variation in the attachment of the gallbladder to the inferior margin of the liver. Increasing life span will probably lead to an increasing number of cases, and gallbladder torsi...

  1. 30 ABSTRACT CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in the hospital for about 3 weeks and discharged home. DISCUSSION. This case illustrates the higher risk of upper limb fracture secondary to high level falls. Supracondylar fracture of the humerus was shown to be high secondary to high level falls in a study done at Kenyatta National. Hospital (4). However this observation ...

  2. Cleidocranial dysostosis: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marussi, Victor Hugo Rocha; Mariz, Fernando Eduardo Nunes; Moraes, Aline Curcio de; Segregio, Camila Aparecida de Souza; Mendonca, Isac Miranda de

    2008-01-01

    Cleidocranial dysostosis syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition with generalised dysplasia of bone and teeth. It is characterized by short stature, typical facial features and skeletal anomalies affecting skull and clavicle. The authors refer to the case of a male patient presenting this syndrome, emphasizing clinical and radiologic findings. (author)

  3. Morquio syndrome. Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Ivonne Alejandra Meza; Jaime Álvarez-Soler

    2010-01-01

    We present a case of a Morquio syndrome, it is a disease transmitted by inheritance autosomic recessive, is systemic disease, mainly affects cartilage, clinically there is deficiency of Galactose-6-sulfatase and beta-galactosidase enzymes, clinically is observed disharmonic growth of bones and coarse fascies.

  4. Bruxism: two case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balatsouras, D; Kaberos, A; Psaltakos, V; Papaliakos, E; Economou, N

    2004-06-01

    The present report refers to two patients presenting with grinding of the teeth (bruxism). A brief review is made of the literature concerning the aetiology of the disease, the clinical manifestations and diagnosis, as well as the therapeutic approach.

  5. Iatrogenic psoas abscess. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernstein, Inge Thomsen; Hansen, B J

    1991-01-01

    A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago.......A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago....

  6. Perioral gustatory sweating: case report.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kayser, S.C.; Ingels, K.J.A.O.; Hoogen, F.J.A. van den

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Presentation of a case of perioral Frey syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SUBJECT: A 72-year-old woman with hyperhidrosis around the mouth and chin. RESULTS: This patient suffered from bilateral perioral gustatory sweating following a mandibular osteotomy; such a case has not previously been

  7. Case report 140

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shives, T.C.; Ivins, J.C.

    1981-01-01

    This case illustrates the importance of familiarity with the radiological features of pigmented villonodular synovitis in a relatively uncommon location. The rather typical appearance of the juxta-articular lesions in bone, characterized by well-defined lyctic areas with sclerotic borders on both sides of a joint, with no appreciable periarticular osteoporosis and little if any joint cartilage thinning, particularly in a young adult, should alert the radiologist and orthopedic clinician to the likely diagnosis of pigmented villonodular synovitis. (orig./MG)

  8. Zygomatic leiomyoma. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robiony, M; Demitri, V; Costa, F; Politi, M

    1996-12-01

    Leiomyoma is a benign tumor that originates from the smooth muscle. If often develops in the uterus and in organs rich of smooth muscle like bowel and subcutaneous tissue. It is infrequently observed in the oral nasal cavities or in paranasal sinuses. The authors, after an accurate revision of the literature, present their first case of zygomatic leiomyoma. They underline the diagnostic aspects in relationship to histologic and immunohistochemical examinations, for surgical therapy.

  9. Lupus myocarditis: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaManna, M.M.; Lumia, F.J.; Gordon, C.I.; Sumathisena; Maranhao, V.

    1988-03-01

    Although gallium-67 (/sup 67/Ga) accumulates in both neoplastic and inflammatory tissues, indium-111 (/sup 111/In) labeled leukocytes are seen only in inflammatory cells. Indium-111-labeled leukocytes therefore are a useful agent in the noninvasive differentiation of inflammatory tissue from neoplastic tissue. This case is an interesting example of the use of /sup 111/In-labeled leukocytes to make that differentiation.

  10. Isolated adrenal paracoccidioidomycosis: Case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uribe Castro, Jorge Ricardo; Quintana, Humberto; Puentes, Alix Sofia and others

    2011-01-01

    Even though paracoccidioidomycosis has a relatively high prevalence in Latin America in a systemic form, isolated cases, especially compromising the adrenal glands, are uncommon, with only two reported cases. In this article, we report the case of a 55 year-old male with clinical manifestations of adrenal insufficiency. The only imaging finding was the presence of bilateral adrenal masses. The biopsy showed Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection.

  11. CASE REPORT Cerebral schistosomiasis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    0b013e3182704d1e]. 5. Sanelli PC, Lev MH, Gonzalez RG, Schaefer PW. Unique linear and nodular MR enhancement pattern in schistosomiasis of the central nervous system: Report of three patients. AJR 2001;177(6):1471-1474. Cerebral schistosomiasis.

  12. Moebius syndrome: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Fontenelle, Lucia; Araujo, Alexandra Prufer de Q.C.; Fontana, Rosiane S.

    2001-01-01

    Nos últimos anos, temos tido oportunidade de diagnosticar maior número de casos da síndrome de Moebius, possivelmente como resultado de aumento real da sua incidência - já que numerosos fatores ambientais vêm sendo relacionados à gênese dessa síndrome. Dos casos avaliados em dois ambulatórios especializados, vale a pena registrar um deles devido à associação incomum com heterotopia cortical, dentre outras malformações.In the last few years we have been able to diagnose a larger number of case...

  13. Rheumatoid vasculitis - Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecly, Inah Maria Drummond; Ocampo, Juan Felipe; Ramirez, Guillermo Pandales; de Oliveira, Hedi Marinho de Melo Guedes; Saud, Claudia Guerra Murad; Arantes, Milton Dos Reis

    2015-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory autoimmune disease and its main manifestation is persistent synovitis affecting peripheral joints symmetrically, In spite of its destructive potential, the evolution of RA is highly variable. Some patients may have only a short-term process oligoarticular with minimum lesion, while others suffers a polyarthritis evolving with progressive and continuous involvement of other organ systems such as skin, heart, lungs, muscles and blood vessels rarely leading to rheumatoid vasculitis. The aim of this study was to describe a case of rheumatoid vasculitis a rare and severe condition. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  14. [Gallbladder agenesis. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavazos-García, Ricardo; Díaz-Elizondo, José Antonio; Flores-Villalba, Eduardo; Rodríguez-García, Héctor Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    Gallbladder agenesis is a very rare congenital abnormality of the biliary tract. The diagnosis is made during surgery, because all preoperative studies have failed to identify this malformation. The purpose of this article is to present a case of gallbladder agenesis diagnosed during surgery, its management, and a review of the literature. The case involves a sixty-two year- old female, referring to repeated biliary colic symptoms. The abdominal ultrasound diagnosed cholelithiasis. It was impossible to identify the gallbladder during surgery. Diagnosis was confirmed by intra-operative cholangiography. Preoperative diagnostic workup has failed to recognise patients with gallbladder agenesis. It is currently recommended to abandon the surgery once this diagnosis is suspected and confirm it by a cholangio-magnetic resonance scan in order to avoid a bile duct injury. Agenesis of the gallbladder is a rare congenital abnormality of the biliary tree. Every surgeon must keep this rare entity in mind when a "difficult dissection" or an anatomic variant is identified during surgery, and make use of an intra-operative cholangiography, mainly to prevent a bile duct injury. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  15. Acute syringomyelia: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milhorat, Thomas H; Bolognese, Paolo A; Black, Karen S; Woldenberg, Rona F

    2003-11-01

    Syringomyelia is generally regarded as a chronic, slowly progressive disorder. We describe a case of acute dilation of the central canal of the spinal cord that presented with rapidly progressive segmental signs. A 29-year-old female patient who had previously undergone surgical treatment for a Chiari I malformation, syringomyelia, and hydrocephalus presented with an 8-day history of headaches, progressive paraparesis, and urinary retention. Magnetic resonance imaging scans demonstrated panventricular hydrocephalus in association with a holocord syrinx that extended to the obex. Magnetic resonance imaging scans that had been coincidentally obtained just 3 days before the onset of symptoms had revealed no evidence of hydrocephalus or syringomyelia. The patient underwent emergency revision of a failed ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Postoperatively, there was prompt resolution of the syringomyelia, hydrocephalus, and associated neurological deficits. Among patients with communicating syringomyelia, the central canal of the spinal cord participates as a "fifth ventricle" and can undergo rapid dilation in association with acute hydrocephalus. Appropriate treatment in such cases involves placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

  16. Peritoneal lymphomatosis: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Hye Sun; Yoon, Jeong Hee; Cha, Seong Sook; Han, Sang Suk [Inje University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-11-15

    Peritoneal lymphomatosis is a rare manifestation of high grade lymphomas. Although it is difficult to differentiate peritoneal lymphomatosis from other peritoneal diseases such as peritoneal carcinomatosis and leiomyomatosis clinically and radiologically, it should be included in differential diagnosis because the disease is curable with chemotherapy. Consequently, radiologic diagnosis plays a very important role in the detection of this disease. We experienced two cases of peritoneal lymphomatosis with primary gastrointestinal lymphomas in the distal ileum. The two patients were 25 and 50-year-old males. Abdominal CT, ultrasound and barium study were performed on both patients. Both patients had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma confirmed with open or sonographically guided biopsies. Although radiologic appearances overlapped, characteristic findings of long-segmental circumscribed annular mass, aneurysmal luminal dilatation, small to moderate amount of ascites without septation or loculation, diffuse involvement of mesentery, omentum and peritoneum, and enlarged lymph nodes were helpful in narrowing the range of possible diagnoses.

  17. WEGENER GRANULOMATOSIS- CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanka Djordjevic

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Wegener granulomatosis is uncommon multisystemic disease, characterized by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation of the upper and lower respiratory tracts and general focal necrotizing vasculitis (Commonly known as „Wegener's triad“. The lungs are involved in 72 per cent of patients and the clinic and radiographic findings indicated bilateral pulmonary nodules of varying size and definition, cavitated in half of the patients, accompanied by the nodular lesion with a rare involvement of the pleura.We described a case of 62-year-old women with pansinusitis, mild azotemia and initial respiratory tract symptoms such as chronic cough and occasional hemoptysis. Due to bilateral nodular infiltrates in lungs on chest radiogram she was initially treated for smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis, but without expected antituberculous response. An additional diagnostic procedure pointed to Morbus Wegener.Two patterns of ANCA positive immunofluorescence are recognized as reliable and valuable diagnostic tools in the absence of histopathology for the diagnosis of Wegener granulomatosis.

  18. Case report: waardenburg syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumayas, Grace Lea; Capó-Aponte, José E

    2015-03-01

    A case of Waardenburg syndrome type 1 is described and relevant literature is reviewed to raise awareness about this rare syndrome, including the classification of each subtype and the differentiating clinical manifestations. A 44-year-old African-American female presented for a routine evaluation with hearing loss, dystopia canthorum (W index = 2.74), and almost complete gray hair. In addition, she presented with heterochromia irides, different fundus pigmentation between eyes. The patient did not have any upper limbs defect, cranial skeletal abnormalities, or intestinal disorders. Facial abnormalities and a white forelock are prominent features difficult to overlook during a routine ophthalmological examination. A careful medical history in patients with suspected Waardenburg syndrome is important to accurately classify this rare condition and to identify potential systemic implications associated to each subtype. The associated systemic complications can be addressed and managed through referral to the appropriate subspecialties. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  19. Wolfram Syndrome. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarała, Wojciech; Drachal, Elzbieta; Mazur, Artur; Korczowski, Bartosz; Szadkowska, Agnieszka; Zmysłowska, Agnieszka; Młynarski, Wojciech

    2016-01-01

    Wolfram syndrome is a rare neurodegenerative and genetic disorder, characterized by insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, caused by non-autoimmune loss of β cells, as well as optic atrophy; the disease is also known as DIDMOAD (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness). Patients that demonstrate diabetes mellitus are also affected by: optic atrophy in the first decade of their life, diabetes insipidus and sensorineural deafness in the second decade, and urinary tract and neurological abnormalities in the third decade of their life. Patients with Wolfram syndrome usually die due to central respiratory failures caused by brain stem atrophy in their third or at the beginning of their fourth decade of life. The authors present a case of two female siblings with diagnosed Wolfram syndrome that have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and urological abnormalities. Early diagnosis and adequate hormonal supplementation can improve their quality of life. © Polish Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology.

  20. Urachal endometrioma: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Browne, Katherine M

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We discuss a rare presentation of an unusual case of endometrioma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old Caucasian woman presented with subacute abdominal pain and a suprapubic mass. A final diagnosis was made after the mass was resected and histopathology confirmed an endometrioma originating from an urachal remnant. Select imaging studies and histopathology are presented in this case report. CONCLUSION: While endometriomata are well known to arise from abdominal scars, the condition described in this case report is a rare example of an endometrioma arising from the urachus. A review of the pathological complications of the urachus is also included.

  1. [Mirizzi syndrome. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paoloni, A; Bucchianeri, A; Mazzocconi, G

    2008-03-01

    The Mirizzi syndrome is an uncommon condition of obstructive jaundice secondary to a common hepatic duct obstruction caused by a gallstone impacted in the gallbladder's infundibulum. The differential diagnosis includes mainly gallbladder carcinoma, sclerosing colangitis and metastatic nodes . The syndrome is classified in two principal types: type I is an acute form without fistula and type II a chronic form with fistula. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult because the clinical signs, the laboratory data and the instrumental findings are not pathognomonic. Generally the diagnosis is intraoperative as in our case. A 76 year-old man with long-time cholelithiasis history, diabetes and hepatitis C was admitted in our service for jaundice and high abdominal quadrants pain. He underwent all preoperative exams without a definitive diagnosis. The operation, by "open" approach, lead to the direct and safe management of the structures of the region involved in the inflammatory process. We performed an incomplete colicystectomy; the patient were discharged in seventh postoperative day after a colangiographic control. In conclusion, we recommend to take in consideration the Mirizzi syndrome, even if rare, as a cholelithiasis complication and to approach this syndrome with extreme caution. Particularly, in accord with the literature, we dissuade from the laparoscopic approach, which doesn't often allow a definitive treatment and submit the patient to greater risk.

  2. Pseudoachondroplasia: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radlović Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH is an autosomal dominant osteochondrodysplasia due to mutations in the gene encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. It is characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism, limb and vertebral deformity, joint laxity and early onset osteoarthrosis. We present the girl with the early expressed and severe PSACH born to clinically and radiographically unaffected parents. Case Outline. A 6.5-year-old girl presented with short-limbed dwarfism (body height 79.5 cm,

  3. Arthrogryposis - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana CEVEI

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Arthrogryposis is a congenital disorder characterized by multiple joint contractures found throughout the body at birth. We present the case of a 3.5 year-old girl with multiple congenital defects: arthrogryposis involving bilateral hip, knee and ankle joints, together with sacral agenesis and with lumbar dysmorphism, anorectal agenesis, hydronephrosis of the left kidney as the result from reflux, right kidney hypoplasia, renal fusion and heart anomalies: tetralogy of Fallot. Immediately after birth, in several steps, colostomy, left ureterocystoneostomy and suprapubic cystostomy were performed. Later in infancy corrective surgery for the heart defect was required. At the age of 2 years, surgery for the equinovarus deformities and for left genu flexum was performed. Medical rehabilitation tries to maximize independent function. The main goals were increasing the muscle tonus of upper-limbs, increase the rate of motion of the joints, establishment of stability for ambulation, learning different schemes of movement according to her needs, obtaining of a functional independency. The therapies were successful, after 10 weeks an improvement of the moving capacity and of the transfer in orthostatism with minimal external assistance, with the obvious increasing of the patient's satisfaction, were noticed.

  4. Paragonimiasis: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Kyung Hyeo; Park, Mi Jung; Bae, Kyung Soo; Choi, Hae Young; Choi, Ho Cheol; Na, Jae Boem; Choi, Dae Seob; Kim, Ho Cheol; Jang, In Seok; Kim, Dong Chul [Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-11-15

    Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is a parasitic infection caused by lung flukes including Paragonimus westermani. Paragonimiasis usually occurs from ingestion of raw or improperly cooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. Pleural or lung parenchymal lesions are commonly found on CT or chest radiographs, and radiologic manifestations of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis vary with the stage of the disease. Early findings include pneumothorax or hydrothorax, focal air-space consolidation, and linear opacities. Later findings include thin-walled cysts, mass-like consolidation, nodules, or bronchiectasis. Pulmonary paragonimiasis often can be mistaken for pulmonary tuberculosis in tuberculosis-endemic areas or lung cancer when it presents as a solitary pulmonary nodule. Intraperitoneal or ectopic lesions such as those in the retroperitoneum can form during migration of a juvenile worm from the small intestine to the lungs. Although the symptoms and signs of pulmonary paragonimiasis are nonspecific, an early diagnosis can be made if radiologists understand the pathogenesis and typical imaging findings of the disease. The purpose of this report was to demonstrate the various imaging findings of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis and to review articles to help radiologists make a proper diagnosis.

  5. Reported cases of selected diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    The number of reported cases of measles, poliomyelitis, tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough for the period of January 1, 1994 to the date of the last report is presented in tabular form by country with a comparison for the same epidemiological period in 1993. The countries included are Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Brazil, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Canada, and the US. The figures for measles are given as reported and as confirmed. In some countries, the reported number of cases of measles decreased from 1993 figures (Venezuela 5275 vs. 6060, Paraguay 26 vs. 958, Brazil 272 vs. 958, Canada 30 vs. 38), but, in others, the figure increased from 1993 (Mexico 47 vs. 21, the US 155 vs. 86). There were no reported cases of poliomyelitis for either year in any country. The figures for tetanus are divided into nonneonatal and neonatal. In Brazil the number of nonneonatal cases decreased to 360 from 371 in 1993, and the number of neonatal cases decreased to 28 from 65. In Mexico, nonneonatal cases decreased to 28 from 45, but neonatal cases increased to 23 from 20 in 1993. The number of cases of diphtheria cases in Brazil decreased to 28 from 65 in the same period of 1993. The number of cases of whooping cough decreased to 431 from 1651 in Brazil and to 51 from 70 in Mexico. However, the number of cases in Canada increased to 1047 from 784.

  6. Secondary middle turbinate: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aburjeli, Bruna de Oliveira Melim; Avila, Ana Flavia Assis de; Diniz, Renata Lopes Furletti Caldeira; Motta, Emilia Guerra Pinto Coelho; Ribeiro, Marcelo Almeida; Moreira, Wanderval, E-mail: bruninha86@hotmail.com [Radiology and Imaging Diagnosis, Hospital Mater Dei, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    Secondary middle turbinate is an anatomical variant rarely observed in the nasal cavity, firstly described by Khanobthamchai et al. as a bone structure originating from the lateral nasal wall and covered by soft tissue. In most cases reported in the literature, this variant is bilateral, occurring without associated complications. In the present report, the authors describe the case of patient of their institution with such anatomical variation. (author)

  7. Hyperplastic polyposis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Flauzino, Thiago Almeida; Fardin, Gabriela N.S.; Sena, Adriana F.; Gama, Leonardo R.F.; Ribeiro, Flávia L.M.; Loureiro, Giovanni J.Z.; Gama, Luciano P.N.; Gama, Rossini C.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors present a case report of hyperplastic polyposis syndrome from the Coloproctology Service, Vitória Apart Hospital, Vitória-ES. CASE STUDY: Our case is a 24-year-old man who suffered from fatigue, malaise and microcytic and hypochromic anemia, whose upper digestive endoscopy presented several hyperplastic polyps in the stomach and whose colonoscopy revealed colonic polyposis mainly in the right colon; the histopathology showed tubular adenoma with moderate atypia in the a...

  8. Hyperplastic polyposis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Thiago Almeida Flauzino; Gabriela N.S. Fardin; Adriana F. Sena; Leonardo R.F. Gama; Flávia L.M. Ribeiro; Giovanni J.Z. Loureiro; Luciano P.N. Gama; Rossini C. Gama

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The authors present a case report of hyperplastic polyposis syndrome from the Coloproctology Service, Vitória Apart Hospital, Vitória-ES. Case study: Our case is a 24-year-old man who suffered from fatigue, malaise and microcytic and hypochromic anemia, whose upper digestive endoscopy presented several hyperplastic polyps in the stomach and whose colonoscopy revealed colonic polyposis mainly in the right colon; the histopathology showed tubular adenoma with moderate atypia in the a...

  9. Sigmoid diverticulitis. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niyyati, M.; Varga, G.; Moro, Z.

    2001-01-01

    Background. Diverticulitis could be a challenging diagnosis in a patient presenting with acute abdomen. Case report. Our case presents a patient with acute abdomen in whom an abdominal ultrasound examination showed a mass with internal reflexes continued to the sigmoid colon and a diagnosis of diverticulitis was suspected. Later abdominal helical CT proved it to be diverticulitis. Conclusions. The case emphasises the importance of ultrasound as a first line imaging modality for detecting bowel pathology. (author)

  10. CASE REPORT Lumbar vertebra chordoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vertebral column tumours. Introduction. Spinal chordomas mostly present in association with the clivus or sacrum. We report a case where it was overlooked in the differential diagnosis of vertebral col- umn tumours because it presented in the lumbar spine. Case. A 66-year-old male patient presented with a longstand-.

  11. Hepatopulmonary syndrome: a case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huurnink, Arnold

    2015-01-01

    Huurnink A, Van den Berg CHSB, Booij J. Hepatopulmonary syndrome: a case report. Hepatopulmonary syndrome is characterised by a lowered oxygenation caused by intrapulmonary vascular dilatation in the setting of a liver disease. We present a case of a 42-year old woman with a Budd-Chiari syndrome,

  12. Dens invaginatus: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhari, Shantanu; Joshi, Saurabh; Patil, Namrata; Kalyan, Sai

    2013-03-01

    Dens invaginatus, also known as dens in dente, is a rare anomaly affecting human dentition. The condition results in invagination of an amelodental structure within the pulp. This case report discusses the current management protocol of dens invaginatus as demonstrated in an adolescent female and describes treatment options. As with most conditions, early diagnosis and preventive measures help minimize complications in dens invaginatus cases.

  13. Renal myxoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique C Souza

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Myxomas are rare tumors that can appear in many anatomical locations. There are only 14 cases of renal involvement documented in the literature. This article reports a case of renal myxoma in an elderly woman with recurrent cystitis. After five years of follow-up, the computed tomography (CT revealed a large solid tumor mass in the left kidney. Tumor resection was performed preserving the affected kidney with histopathological diagnosis of renal myxoma. The objective of this study is to report a rare case of renal myxoma, emphasizing the importance of the differential diagnosis from other benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors.

  14. Cardiac leiomyosarcoma, a case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rikke; Kristensen, Bjarne W; Gill, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    In this case report we present the history of a patient admitted with recurrent pulmonary edema. Transesophageal chocardiography showed a tumour in the left atrium, occluding the ostium of the mitral valve and mimicking intermittent mitral stenosis. Cardiac surgery followed by pathological...... examination revealed that the tumour was a leiomyosarcoma. Images from the echocardiography as well as the pathological findings are shown and discussed. The present case report illustrates that atrial tumors comprise also sarcomas, suggesting the use of careful, rapid diagnostic procedures and treatment...

  15. Thoracic outlet syndrome: Case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marquez, Juan Camilo; Acosta, Mauricio Fernando; Uribe Jorge Ricardo

    2009-01-01

    We report a case of vascular thoracic outlet syndrome in a young man, diagnosed with upper limb arteriography, leading to repeated arterio-arterial emboli originating from a post-stenotic subclavian artery aneurysm. It is of our interest due to its low incidence and the small number of cases reported that have been diagnosed by arteriography. The thoracic outlet is the path through which vascular and neural structures goes from the neck to the axilla, and it has three anatomical strictures, that when pronounced, can compress the brachial plexus or subclavian vessels, leading to different symptoms and signs.

  16. Ureteral polyps: three case reports

    OpenAIRE

    禰宜田, 正志; 松田, 久雄; 片岡, 喜代徳; 上島, 成也; 今西, 正昭; 片山, 孔一; 植村, 匡志; 栗田, 孝

    1994-01-01

    We observed recently three cases of ureteral polyps including a case of multiple polyps. The first patient was a 33-year-old man with multiple polyps at the left upper ureter. The second patient was a 51-year-old man and the third 49-year-old man, and both cases were complicated with ureteral stones. We divided 88 ureteral polyps reported in Japan from 1970 to 1990 into polyps in children and those in adults. We further divided the individual polyps into single and multiple polyps and examine...

  17. Recurrent angioedema - a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Sandrina; Salgado, Miguel; Raposo, Filipa; Pinto, Diana; Martinho, Isabel; Araújo, Ana Rita

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Hereditary angioedema (HA) is a rare cause of recurrent angioedema caused by a default in the gene that encodes the C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH). The oedema involves predominantly the face, limbs and genital and gastrointestinal tract. The involvement of the larynx, although less frequent, is the most severe clinical expression of HA and is potentially fatal. Case report: Clinical report of an eight-year-old female with multiple episodes of angioedema. The...

  18. Gestational diabetes insipidus. Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejmocka-Ambroziak, Anna; Grzechocińska, Barbara; Jastrzebska, Helena; Kochman, Magdalena; Cyganek, Anna; Wielgoś, Mirosław; Zgliczyński, Wojciech

    2015-01-01

    Gestational diabetes insipidus is a very rare complication. However, undiagnosed and untreated may lead to serious complications in both mother and fetus. In this study, a case of 34-year-old female patient with diabetes insipidus associated with pregnancy was reported. We discussed process of diagnosis and treatment with particular emphasis on the monitoring of water-electrolyte imbalance during labor.

  19. LICHEN STRIATUS – CASE REPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caius Solovan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Lichen striatus is an acquired linear inflammatory dermatosis, not frequently reported, with a peculiar clinical aspect, most often described in adults, with a poor response to treatment. We described 4 cases of lichen striatus diagnosed over an 8-month period of time.

  20. Apert Syndrome: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Gharib

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Apert syndrome is a genetic defect which was first described by Eugene Apert in 1906. it's incidence is approximately one in 50000 births. This syndrome is many abnormalities in your body and Central Nervous System. rehabilitation can increase children and their parent's quality of life.We report a case of Apert syndrome and his occupational therapy program.

  1. Straatsma syndrome: two case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Nogueira

    Full Text Available Abstract This article reports two cases of Straatsma Syndrome, a rare disease, emphasizing its clinical features that inclued myopia, strabismus and amblyopia associated with persistent myelinated fibers in the retina. Ophthalmic examination, color retinography and optical coherence tomography were performed.

  2. Emphysematous Cystitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suleyman Tagci

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Emphysematous cystitis is an infectious disease, which is characterized by accumulation of air within the lumen and wall of the bladder. Diabetes mellitus, neurogenic bladder and advanced age are important risk factors for the development of the disease. In this case report, we present a young diabetic male patient with neurogenic bladder, who was treated with the diagnosis of emphysematous cystitis.

  3. [Esophageal histoplasmosis. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, M A; Mendes, E F; Saad, L H; Rodrigues, P A; Gonçalves, I

    1996-01-01

    The authors report a case of a patient with complaint of progressive disphagia. Stenoses of lower third of esophagus was revealed by radiological and endoscopic examinations. Fungi were showed in biopsy of lesion, with demonstration of Histoplasm capsulate by tissue culture. Endoscopic dilatation was performed because especific medical treatment failed but esophageal rupture was observed. Partial esophagectomy was performed with symptoms remission.

  4. Obsessive Jealousy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Miguel Ferreira Perestrelo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Jealousy is common between humans but can assume pathological characteristics. Aims: To report a case of obsessive jealousy and to review the concept and clinical features of the condition. Methods: A clinical cases of obsessive jealousy was obtained and a literature review of the theme was shortly surveyed. Results and Conclusions: The clinical case presents a man with morbid jealousy with obsessive features who was hospitalized after a  suicide  attempted.  During  his  hospitalization he was medicated with fluvoxamine and clonazepam reporting a decrease of the ruminative thoughts and anxiety. A correct diagnosis  of  obsessive-compulsive  disorder (OCD and its differentiation from a delusion,  obsessive  or  overvalued  idea  are  essential for an adequate approach and treatment.

  5. Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashida, Marcos Takeyoshi; Mitsui, Grasiela Lissa; Reis, Natalia Ivanoff dos; Fantinato, Giovana; Jordão Neto, Domingos; Mercante, Ana Maria da Cunha

    2015-01-01

    Epidermolytic hipercetarose is a rare genodermatosis, with a prevalence of 1:100.000 to 1:300.000, with autosomal dominant inheritance. We report the case of a 5 year old girl who presented an hypertrophic verrucous plaques in the neck, under arm, buttocks, knees, pelvis, legs, dorsum of the right foot and elbows. Histological examination of the skin lesions showed typical changes of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. Because it is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance, the individual carrying the mutation will necessarily develop the disease. However, in 50% of cases postzygotic mutation occur. The case report emphasizes early diagnosis and differential diagnoses with ichthyosis and other bullous diseases of childhood, as well as discussing the therapeutic possibilities.

  6. How to write a neurology case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rison, Richard A

    2016-04-06

    Neurology case reports have a long history of transmitting important medical information across many generations for the improvement of patient care. Case reports contribute much to the physician's knowledge base from which treatment hypotheses and ideas form. Elements of a modern case report, as presented in the CARE (CAse REport) guidelines, include the abstract, introduction, case presentation, discussion, conclusion, patient's perspective, and consent statement. The sections are described here, as well as the application of CARE guidelines to a published neuromuscular case report. Writing case reports offer an ideal opportunity for neurologists to publish interesting case findings and carry on the tradition of neurologic case reporting.

  7. Mesothelioma in Mongolia: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damiran, Naransukh; Davaajav, Khishigtogtokh; Erdenebayar, Erdenechimeg; Gomboloi, Burmaa; Frank, Arthur L

    2015-01-01

    More than 80% of cases of mesothelioma worldwide have a history of asbestos exposure. In Mongolia, workers in coal burning thermal power plants (TPP) have widely utilized asbestos as an insulation material. We describe the case of a 47-year-old woman diagnosed with a malignant pleural mesothelioma. She worked in a TPP in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia for 28 years. A computer tomography (CT) scan showed a circumferential ring around her left lung, and tissues' samples had a biphasic variant of mesothelioma with epithelioid and sarcomatoid components. This is the first reported case of mesothelioma in Mongolia. We expect additional cases of mesothelioma, as well as other asbestos related diseases, will be identified in the future. In order to properly track asbestos related diseases in the country, we recommend the creation of an asbestos related disease registry.

  8. Perianal nodular hidradenocarcinoma. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierra Montenegro, Ernesto; Sierra Luzuriaga, Gastón; Leone Stay, Gaetano; Salazar Menéndez, Vilma; Quiñonez Auria, Carlos

    2010-01-01

    Eccrine glands (sweat glands) appear in all sites of the skin and are more abundant in hands and feet. Nodular hidradenocarcinoma (NH) is a rare malignant and aggressive tumor of the eccrine glands. The objective of this study is to report a case of perianal hidradenocarcinoma. We present the case of a 75-year-old female with diabetes, hypertension, and hypothyroidism. Physical examination revealed a small perianal tumor that was palpated near the anal canal. Biopsy was done. Pathology report revealed perianal hidradenoma. Rectosigmoidoscopy was normal. Computed tomography showed 1-cm adenopathies in inguinal and right iliac regions. Extensive resection of the tumor was done. Definitive pathology report was malignant eccrine acrospiroma. The patient underwent adjuvant chemotherapy in the Oncology Service and died 1 month later. In patients with a first symptom of metastases in the inguinal region, suspicion must be directed to the anal canal.

  9. [Ectopic breast fibroadenoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senatore, G; Zanotti, S; Cambrini, P; Montroni, I; Pellegrini, A; Montanari, E; Santini, D; Taffurelli, M

    2010-03-01

    Among the rare anomalies of the breast development, polythelia is the most common, between 1% and 5% of women and men present supernumerary nipples. Polymastia, usually presenting as ectopic breast tissue without areola-nipple complex, is seen mostly along the milk line, extending from the axilla to the pubic region. Ectopic breast tissue is functionally analogous to mammary gland and it is subjected to the same alterations and diseases, whether benign or malignant, that affect normal breast tissue. We report the case of a 21 years-old female evaluated by the medical staff after founding a solid nodular mass by suspect axillary lymphadenopathy. Differential diagnosis with lymphoma is the major problem in these cases. The mass was removed and the intraoperative histological examination showed fibroadenoma in axillary supernumerary breast. Presence of ectopic breast tissue is a rare condition; development of benign mass or malignant degeneration is possible, but it is very unusual. In case of polymastia diagnosis is simple; in case of isolated nodule, without local inflammation or infection, there are greater difficulties. Ultrasonography is diagnostic in case of breast fibroadenoma, but it might be inadequate in ectopic localizations owing to the shortage of mammary tissue around the mass. Preoperative diagnosis is important to plan an adequate surgical treatment; lumpectomy is indicated in case of benign tissue; in case of malignancy, therapy is based on the standard treatment used for breast cancer (surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy).

  10. Odontoameloblastoma: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosca Rodrigo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontoameloblastoma (OA is a very rare mixed odontogenic neoplasm, characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of an ameloblastoma and a compound or complex odontoma in the same tumor mass. To date, less than 50 cases of OA and/or ameloblastic odontoma have been reported in the English dental literature. This neoplasm was called ameloblastic odontoma. The term OA was included in the 1971 WHO classification. In this study, we present two cases of OA, which we hope will contribute to the awareness and knowledge of surgeons regarding the existence of this odontogenic tumor so that patients having it may be treated and followed-up properly.

  11. Nonfunctional parathyroid cyst: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Molinari Nardi

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Parathyroid cysts are rare clinical and pathological entities, with less than 300 cases reported. The inferior parathyroid glands are most commonly involved, with left-side predominance. Parathyroid cysts may be functional or nonfunctional, depending on their association with hypercalcemia. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old man presented a palpable asymptomatic left-side neck mass. Ultrasound revealed a cystic structure contiguous with the left thyroid lobe. Serum ionic calcium was normal. The patient underwent left thyroid lobectomy plus isthmectomy with excision of the cyst. The histological findings revealed a parathyroid cyst. Parathyroid cysts typically present as asymptomatic neck masses, and surgical excision appears to be the treatment of choice.

  12. Medicamentosa keratoconjunctivitis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiemela C. Okoro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of medicamentosa keratoconjunctivitis in a 42-year-old woman who complained of eye redness, blurred vision and pain after using inappropriate medications for treatment. Examination revealed severe conjunctival injection as well as punctate stains on the corneas. The patient was advised to stop her former medications and was prescribed an artificial tear supplement, an antibiotic-steroid combination and a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Possible conditions that could elicit similar clinical features are highlighted. The purpose of the case report is to raise issues relating to drug-induced allergic/sensitivity reactions based on recent clinical and experimental reports and also the roles of active ingredients and preservatives. Keywords: Superficial punctate epitheliopathy; Medicamentosa; Factitious disease; Dry eye syndrome; Benzalkonium chloride

  13. Collodion Baby - a Case Report

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    Stojanović Vesna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Colloidon baby describes a highly characteristic clinical entity in newborns encased in a yellowish translucent membrane resembling collodion. In most cases the condition either precedes the development of one of a variety of ichthyoses, the commonest of which are lamellar ichthyosis and non-bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma, or occasionally represents an initial phase of other ichthyoses such as ichthyosis vulgaris. In at least 10% of all cases of collodion baby, the condition is followed by a mild ichthyosis of lamellar type, so mild as to be considered more or less normal, so-called self-healing collodion baby or ‘lamellar ichthyosis of the newborn’. In this report we present a rare case of collodion baby in whom, after collodion membrane peeled-off, the skin retained normal appearance.

  14. [Paediatric neurocysticercosis: two case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frieiro-Dantas, Carla; Serramito-García, Ramón; Reyes-Santías, Rosa M; Rico-Cotelo, María; Allut, Alfredo G; Gelabert-González, Miguel

    2013-01-16

    Neurocysticercosis, caused by the larvae of Taenia solium, is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system in humans. Considered an endemic parasitosis in developing countries including Latin America, Asia and Africa while in Europa, the cases of neurocysticercosis are anecdotal. We report two cases of neurocysticercosis in children of non-Spanish origin who presented with seizures, with the initial diagnosis of brain tumors both were treated with surgery; later, to be the diagnosis of neurocisticercosis antiparasitic therapy was administered. Neurocysticercosis can be a potential cause of epilepsy even in non-endemic countries. Some cases may be difficult to diagnose and they can be confused with other intracranial lesions. Clinicians should be aware of this condition given increasing incidence in Spain and neurocysticercosis should be always be considered in the differential diagnosis particularly in patients from Latin America and Africa.

  15. Multifocal lichen sclerosus. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Hadas

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Lichen sclerosus (LS is a chronic, inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology affecting skin and mucous membranes. It was first described in 1887 by Darier. Lichen sclerosus usually begins as a single or multiple plaques (rarely as lichenoid papules gradually transforming into porcelain-white atrophic lesions. Depending on localization, it may manifest with itching, pain or a burning sensation and often may cause sexual dysfunction. Objective. Presentation of an LS case that posed diagnostic difficulties. Case report. We present a patient with clinical diagnosis of lichen planus hypertrophicus on the skin of forearms and hands which demonstrated histopathological features of LS. Additionally, the presence of LS lesions was found on the skin of the eyelid and penis. Conclusions . Our case seems to be interesting because of the differences between clinical and histopathological findings and multiple localization of lesions.

  16. CASE SERIES CASE REPORT An unusual case of intrahepatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CASE REPORT. A 29-year-old woman with known hypertension and schizophrenia presented with vague abdominal pain. Biochemistry revealed increased gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels. Ultrasound detected a plexus of vascular, serpiginous structures in the porta hepatis ...

  17. Case Report: A Rare Case Report of Frontal Lobe Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Nouri- Khajavi

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The frontal lobe syndrome is a permanent personality change disorder with characteristic clinical pictures, which followed by frontal lobes damage. Clinical picture include: Affective instability, recurrent aggressive behavior, impaired social judgment, apathy and undifferentiating or suspiciousness and paranoid ideations. According DSM-IV classification frontal lobe syndrome named personality change due to head trauma on Axis I. Herein we report a case of 46 years-old man, who has developed behavioral disturbances following head trauma, about 10 years ago. Main clinical figures in this case are apathy, avolition and, undifferentiating. Clinical pictures are constant during these 10 years. The diagnostic approach has been based on patient’s problems history which, has taken from his family, mental status examination, Neurological examination, Brain imaging and Neuropsychological assessments which related to frontal lobes function. Because of rarity & neglection due to mysterious function of frontal lobes, and also considering that personality change from previous level is prominent figure of this syndrome and also brain imaging findings, which compatible with clinical findings, with this aim, we have reported this case.

  18. Smile rejuvenation: A case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghu, Ramya; Shetty, Ashish; Manjunath, Gautham P.; Roy, Chimaya Kumar Samanta; Puneetha, P. G.; Reddy, Satya Narayan

    2014-01-01

    Mesiodens is the commonly occurring supernumerary tooth seen between the maxillary central incisors which causes compromised aesthetics and malocclusion. Till date orthodontic therapy provides an excellent solution for the management of mesiodens. Recently, Restorative Space Management (RSM) has been used successfully to correct tooth shape, proportions and colour with minimal tooth preparations. This case report describes the successful management of an unaesthetic smile due to presence of a mesiodens in the midline primarily using aesthetic treatment only. PMID:25298657

  19. Metaphyseal cupping: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiss, D A

    1981-06-01

    A case of metaphyseal cupping of bone that probably occurred as the result of an impaired blood supply to the leg of an infant is reported. Avascularity and premature closure of the central segment of the growth plate is the proposed pathogenesis. The blood supply, growth and development of the ends of growing bones are discussed and the radiographie features of metaphyseal cupping are described. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  20. Graphite oral tattoo: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Moraes, Renata Mendonça; Gouvêa Lima, Gabriela de Morais; Guilhermino, Marinaldo; Vieira, Mayana Soares; Carvalho, Yasmin Rodarte; Anbinder, Ana Lia

    2015-01-01

    Pigmented oral lesions compose a large number of pathological entities, including exogenous pigmentat oral tattoos, such as amalgam and graphite tattoos. We report a rare case of a graphite tattoo on the palate of a 62-year-old patient with a history of pencil injury, compare it with amalgam tattoos, and determine the prevalence of oral tattoos in our Oral Pathology Service. We also compare the clinical and histological findings of grafite and amalgam tattoos. Oral tattoos affect women more f...

  1. Syphilitic gastritis: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Ik; Lee, Dong Ho; Ko, Young Tae; Lim, Jae Hoon; Lim, Joo Won [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-07-15

    Syphilitic involvement of the stomach often takes the appearance of neoplastic conditions. We describe the radiological findings of syphilitic gastritis. A 36 year old man was diagnosed with gastric cancer by upper GI and CT, but syphilitic gastritis was confirmed by endoscopy and upper GI series performed after penicillin therapy. We report a case of syphilitic gastritis presented as advanced stomach cancer by clinical, endoscopic and radiological study.

  2. Syphilitic gastritis: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Ik; Lee, Dong Ho; Ko, Young Tae; Lim, Jae Hoon; Lim, Joo Won

    1992-01-01

    Syphilitic involvement of the stomach often takes the appearance of neoplastic conditions. We describe the radiological findings of syphilitic gastritis. A 36 year old man was diagnosed with gastric cancer by upper GI and CT, but syphilitic gastritis was confirmed by endoscopy and upper GI series performed after penicillin therapy. We report a case of syphilitic gastritis presented as advanced stomach cancer by clinical, endoscopic and radiological study

  3. Gorlin syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil K

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Gorlin syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited condition that exhibits high penetrance and variable expressivity. It is characterized mainly by Basal cell carcinomas, Odontogenic keratocysts and skeletal anomalies. However, medical literature documents both common and lesser known manifestations of the disorder involving the skin, central nervous system, skeletal system etc. Diagnosis of the syndrome in childhood is basically through oral abnormalities. A case of Gorlin syndrome has been reported here, with review of literature.

  4. Benign cementoblastoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sitapathi Revathi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Benign cementoblastoma is a rare odontogenic tumor of mesenchymal origin comprising only less than 1% of all odontogenic tumors. The radiographic features is very characteristic in which the tumor mass is attached to the root of the tooth. Histopathologically benign cementoblastoma and osteoblastoma are indistinguishable. Here, a case report of 28 year old patient with benign cementoblastoma is presented along with a brief review of literature.

  5. Penile myiasis: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passos, M; Barreto, N; Varella, R; Rodrigues, G; Lewis, D

    2004-01-01

    We report a case of penile myiasis in a Brazilian man caused by the larva of Dermatobia hominis. Myiasis is a parasitic disease of humans and other vertebrates caused by larvae of several fly species. Although urinary myiasis is well recognised, infestation of the genital tissue is a rare occurrence. Once the diagnosis has been made, the treatment is usually straightforward and uncomplicated. PMID:15169999

  6. [Cochleovestibular dysplasia: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbi, A; Cenoui, F; Atmane, A; Amil, T; Hanine, A

    2010-04-01

    Cochleovestibular dysplasia or Mondini malformation is exceptional. Cochlear dysplasia is due to early cessation of the development of the inner ear during embryonic life. We report on the case of an infant who presented with perception deafness and repeated meningitis. CT allowed the diagnosis of Mondini malformation. We underline the importance of high-resolution CT in the diagnosis of Mondini malformation. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Crohns disease: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adi, Ashindoitiang John; Lloyd, Geoffrey J

    2010-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was previously regarded as a disease of the Western Countries. A number of studies showed a high incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease in United States, United Kingdom and Northern Europe, whereas it was considered uncommon in Asians population and rare in Africa. To report case of crohns disease that is rare in the tropic like Nigeria so as to create a high index of awareness that inflammatory bowel disease may be present but not correctly diagnosed

  8. Immersion Foot: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Zachary; Kman, Nicholas

    2015-08-01

    Immersion foot (commonly called "trench foot") was originally described in the military literature during World War I. Since that time, the emergency department (ED) has become a common setting where this injury presents. However, this topic is neglected in the emergency medicine literature. The purpose of this case report is to present trench foot in a way that is relevant to emergency physicians and to provide an up-to-date summary of the history, case reports, physiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of this injury. Here we present the case of a homeless, schizophrenic patient who presented to one Midwestern ED in January for immersion foot. Photos of the actual patient are shown to illustrate the case. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: Due to unfamiliarity, immersion foot can go undiagnosed during assessment of patients exposed to moist environments. In addition, patients at increased risk for developing immersion foot are frequently encountered in EDs. Most importantly, the appropriate treatment for immersion foot is different than the treatment for other freezing cold injuries. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. [Peripartum cardiomyopathy: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karchmer-Krivitzky, S; Espinosa-Fernández, R; Sánchez-Aranda, A; LópezRioja, M J; Monzalbo-Núñez, D

    2016-08-01

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy also known as cardiomyopathy associated with pregnancy, is rarely a cause of heart failure, it affects pregnant or puerperal women in the first 5 months. Although the first case reported was in 1849, it was recognized until 1930. In 2010 the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on peripartum cardiomyopathy, defined this pathology as an idiopathic cardiomyopathy that affects pregnant women between the third trimester and five months after delivery. Characterized by a left ventricular failure with an ejection fraction of ≤45% and an end-diastolic dimension ≥2.7 cm/m2 , in absence of an identifiable cause of heart failure. We report a case of a 39-year-old patient, diagnosed with a peripartum cardiomyopathy in the early puerperium, characterized by hypertension, tachycardia, dyspnea and oxygen desaturation. The transesophageal echocardiogram reported heart failure, a hypokinetic left ventricle and a ventricular failure with an ejection fraction <40%. We could not identify an other cause to justify heart failure. Multidisciplinary management was administered successfully. The importance of this article relies in the fact that eripartum cardiomyopathy has a high morbidity and mortality. The impact of this pathology is unknow in our country. Here we establish and discuss the multidisciplinary management held in our hospital with this specific patient in order to improve the prognosis on future occasions.

  10. NOONAN SYNDROME – CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Vujanović

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Noonan Syndrome is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, facial abnormalities, congenital heart defects and urogenital malformations. Ocular changes occur in 95% of patients and usually include hypertelorism, ptosis, refractive errors, strabismus, amblyopia, rarely nystagmus, colobomas, cataracts, optic nerve drusen. Case report: We present a case of a boy, 10 months old, referred by the pediatrician because of strabismus. During the general examination of the head and face, we noted that the ears were low-set, and the lower jaw was slightly smaller. Ophthalmological examination revealed hypertelorism, left eye esotropia, hyperopia, and optic disc pit. Other associated malformations were: dilatation of both pyelons, cryptorchidism, pulmonary stenosis. Genetic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of Noonan syndrome. The variety of clinical manifestations of this syndrome indicates that a multidisciplinary approach is necessary for diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of these patients.

  11. NEONATAL ABSTINENCE SYNDROME - CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Matic

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS refers to the constellation of signs and symptoms exhibited by a newborn of drug-abusing mother. NAS is multisystemic disorder, most frequently involving central nervous and gastrointestinal systems with irritability, high-pitched cry, hyperactive reflexes, increased muscle tone, tremors, generalized convulsions, feeding and sleeping disorders, tachycardia, tachypnea, apnea, termolability and sweating, frequent hiccups, yawning and sneezing, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.Intrauterine narcotic disposition can give some other adverse effects beside NAS: fetal distress, premature birth, intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly, increased incidence of congenital anomalies (cardiac and genitourinary anomalies, cleft palate, biliar atresia. Significantly increased risks of sudden infant’s death syndrome (SIDS, abnormalities in neurocognitive and behavioral development and deficiency in motor functions have also been noticed after the long-term surveys of these children.This paper is a case report of a newborn with developed clinical signs of NAS, but it also discusses diagnostics and management of such cases

  12. [Breast angiosarcoma: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boufettal, Houssine; Noun, Mohammed; Hermas, Saïd; Samouh, Naïma; Benayad, Samira; Karkouri, Mehdi; Zamiati, Soumaya

    2013-06-01

    The breast angiosarcoma is an endothelial malign tumor. Its prevalence is about 0.04% of all breast malignant tumors. The characteristics of angiosarcoma are its malignancy and its clinical and radiologic polymorphism. The breast angiocarcinoma has a bad prognostic because of the frequency of metastases and recurrence. The purpose of this paper is to report the clinical, imaging and pathological features of breast angiosarcoma, a rare but aggressive tumor, based on a review of one case. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  13. Diverticulosis of colon: Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Chang Yul [Paik Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1972-12-15

    The authors reports 2 cases of diverticulosis involving the sacending colon and cecum: one, 55 year old, 85 kg Korean male admitted to Paik Hospital because of abdominal palm, constipation and tenderness in the right lower abdomen. The other, 48 year old, 78 kg male visited to our hospital for the routine examination. According to late European and American statistics, the colonic diverticulosis was discovered in late middle life about 20%, however, the incidence of colonic diverticulosis is rare in Korea. This paper presents a brief review of literature on the etiology, incidence and symptom.

  14. MULTIPLE PERSONALITY: CASE REPORT STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Židanik

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Background. Multiple personality disorder is characterised by splited individual ego-states and splited professional community arguing whether this disorder actually exists or not.Methods. In this case report study a supportive psychodynamic psychotherapy of a patient with multiple personality disorder is presented, that lasted for 4.5 years and resulted in ego-reintegration.Conclusions. The spliting between different ego-states is powered by unneutralised aggression with the possibility of hetero- and autoaggressive behaviour. Therefore the patient in the analytically oriented psychotherapeutic process is at high risk and a safe therapeutic (e. g. in-patient setting has to be provided.

  15. Generalised hypercementosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seed, Rachel; Nixon, Paul P

    2004-10-01

    The following case report describes the clinical and radiographical presentation of a female who attended a general dental practice as a new patient. The patient was diagnosed with generalised hypercementosis, possibly attributable to oral neglect. Hypercementosis is associated with a number of aetiological factors, which may be local or systemic in nature. It is important that the general dental practitioner is aware of these factors and is able to distinguish presentation due to a local cause from that of a systemic disease process. The aims of this paper are to illustrate an unusual presentation of hypercementosis and to discuss the radiographic differentiation that led to diagnosis.

  16. Diverticulosis of colon: Case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, Chang Yul

    1972-01-01

    The authors reports 2 cases of diverticulosis involving the sacending colon and cecum: one, 55 year old, 85 kg Korean male admitted to Paik Hospital because of abdominal palm, constipation and tenderness in the right lower abdomen. The other, 48 year old, 78 kg male visited to our hospital for the routine examination. According to late European and American statistics, the colonic diverticulosis was discovered in late middle life about 20%, however, the incidence of colonic diverticulosis is rare in Korea. This paper presents a brief review of literature on the etiology, incidence and symptom

  17. Neonatal varicella: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhardwaj AK

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Chicken pox is an infectious childhood disease. It is rare ininfants and newborns due to passive immunity receivedfrom the mother. The characteristic skin eruptions inchicken pox are vesicular with erythematous base andaccompanied with pruritus. The skin of the palms and solesis typically spared. We report a case of neonatal varicellawhere the mother was having skin eruptions at the time ofdelivery and the neonate contracted it during the perinatalperiod and developed clinical disease on the day five of life.Specific anti-viral therapy was given to the mother and thebaby and the recovery was uneventful.

  18. Mosaic epidermolytic ichthyosis - Case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Marcela Sena Teixeira; Kouzak, Samara Silva; Aquino, Thaissa Araújo; Takano, Gustavo Henrique Soares; Lima, Antonio de Padua

    2013-01-01

    Epidermolytic ichthyosis is a rare autosomal dominant disease that manifests at birth with fragile blisters and erosions that evolve into hyperkeratotic lesions associated or not with erythroderma. When the disease is associated with a mutation in cytokeratin 1, it may be related to hyperkeratosis of palms and soles, but this is not usually found when cytokeratin 10 is mutated. The disease can present in a mosaic form, due to post zygotic mutation of the gene involved, constituting an individual formed by two populations of genetically distinct cells - one carrier of the mutation and the other without it. We report a case of mosaic epidermolytic ichthyosis diagnosed in a female patient. PMID:24346896

  19. Congenital parvovirus infection: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Gradia, Daniela F.; Zanforlin F.º, Sebastião M.; Gollop, Thomaz R.

    1998-01-01

    Apresentamos um caso de regressão espontânea de hidropisia fetal provavelmente causada por infecção materno-fetal pelo parvovírus B19. Além de hidropisia, observamos anemia e hipocontratilidade cardíaca no feto. O diagnóstico foi estabelecido pela soma dos achados ultra-sonográficos, detecção do vírus no soro materno, hemograma fetal e dosagem de enzimas hepáticas fetais.We report a case in which there was spontaneous regression of hydrops fetalis. Hydrops was probably caused by fetal infecti...

  20. Solitary eccrine syringofibroadenoma - Case Report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottino, Caroline Bertolini; Guimarães, Tais Ferreira; Gomes, Flávio Rezende; D'Acri, Antonio Macedo; Lima, Ricardo Barbosa; Martins, Carlos José

    2015-01-01

    Eccrine syringofibroadenoma is a rare benign adnexal neoplasm derived from cells of the acrosyringium of eccrine sweat glands. ESFA usually manifests as a solitary nodule on the extremities of elderly patients, but it may also present as papules, nodules or plaques. Its clinical appearance is nonspecific and malignant neoplasms should beconsidered in the differential diagnosis. However, histopathological findings are typical. The main treatment is surgical excision. In order to illustrate a typical presentation of the tumor, we report a case of solitary eccrine syringofibroadenoma, including the surgical treatment used and its result. PMID:26312727

  1. WILD HONEY INTOXICATION: CASE REPORT

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    Munire Babayigit

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Wild honey intoxication (WHI is a rare disease that results from consuming honey produced by Rhododendron polen feeded bees. WHI develops due to grayanotoxin (GT that it contains. WHI might present with mild symptoms of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and neurological systems or might also present in a life threatining form with AV block and cardiovascular collaps. In this report we aimed to present clinical presentation and treatment of a case of WHI. [J Contemp Med 2013; 3(3.000: 197-199

  2. Lemierre syndrome: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bae, Young A; Lee, In Jae; Kim, Hyun Beom; Hong, Myung Sun; Lee, Kwan Seop; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon

    2006-01-01

    Lemierre syndrome is a rare disease characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis and septic emboli, and it primarily occurs in healthy young individuals; this disease usually follows an acute oropharyngeal infection. To the best of our knowledge, only a few reports about this disease have appeared in the radiologic literature. We report here the radiologic findings of a case of Lemierre syndrome in a young healthy female adolescent who had a history of acute pharyngotonsilitis. Chest radiographs showed lung nodules that displayed cavitary changes with rapid progression on the serial studies. High-resolution CT scan showed multi-focal patchy consolidations that connect with vessels, and this was suggestive of septic pulmonary embolism. Ultrasonography and CT scan of the neck revealed right internal jugular vein thrombosis

  3. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NUCCI ANAMARLI

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare genetic disease characterized by widespread soft tissue ossification and congenital stigmata of the extremities. We report on a male child followed for ten years since the age of 3 years and 9 months, when the diagnosis was made. He was born with bilateral hypoplasic hallux valgus and ventricular septal defect, corrected by transsternal approach when 32 months old. Restriction of neck mobility followed and foci of ectopic ossification appeared. Four crises of disease exacerbation were treated with oral prednisone and/or other antiinflammatory drugs. Sodium etidronate 5 to 10 mg/kg/day was prescribed intermittently during about six years but was discontinued due to osteopenia. The disease course has been relentless, with severe movement restriction including the chest wall. A review showed few similar case reports in the Brazilian literature. We revisit the criteria for diagnosis and the essentials of management and treatment.

  4. Canine Intracranial Meningioma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo Gomes de Carvalho

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Carvalho J.R.G., Vasconcellos C.H.C., Bastos I. P.B., Trajano F.L.C., Costa T.S. & Fernandes J.I [Canine Intracranial Meningioma: Case report.] Meningioma intracraniano canino: Relato de caso. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 38(supl. 3:1- 7, 2016. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinária, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23.897-000, Brasil, E-mail: vetjulio@yahoo.com.br Intracranial neoplasms usually show their signals in a moderate way, revealing a long background of nonspecific signs, making the diagnosis more difficult. The meningioma is the most common intracranial neoplasm in dogs and cats. Along the years, the Veterinary Medicine has experienced important technological improvements, making it possible the diagnosis of a lot of diseases. Therefore, diseases considered not common in the past, started being diagnosed more frequently, for instance, brain lesions. The objective of this research is to report a case of intracranial meningioma in a Boxer dog that arrived at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, highlighting its clinical improvement, diagnosis and treatment.

  5. Acquired Ondine's curse: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schestatsky, Pedro; Fernandes, Luis Nelson Teixeira

    2004-06-01

    We report and discuss the case of a 55-year old man who presented a history of stroke as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. When admitted into the emergency room, he was diagnosed with a vertebro-basilar syndrome. A brain MRI showed a hyperintense area in the lower right brainstem laterally within the medulla, which corresponds to the area of the pathways descending from the autonomic breathing control center. During hospitalization, the patient had several episodes of prolonged apnea, mainly when asleep, having often to be "reminded" to breath. A tracheostomy was then performed with the patient under mechanical ventilation. Treatment with medroxyprogesterone, fluoxetine and acetazolamide was also started. He was discharged after 64 days breathing environmental air with no apparent episodes of apnea. He returned to the emergency room in the following day with a clinical picture of aspiration bronchopneumonia, followed by septic shock and death. the Ondine's curse is one of the posterior stroke's presentation characterized by loss of automatic breathing and for the unpredictability of clinical evolution and prognosis. Such a syndrome has rarely been reported in adults and the diagnostic criteria are not consensual in the reviewed literature. Thus any diagnostic confirmation should be flexible. There are many therapeutic symptomatic options in such cases, ranging from pharmacologic approach, use of bilevel positive airway pressure and implantation of diaphragmatic pacemaker.

  6. Oral Pemphigus Vulgaris: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arpita, Rai; Monica, Arora; Venkatesh, Naikmasur; Atul, Sattur; Varun, Malhotra

    2015-10-01

    Pemphigus is a potentially life threatening autoimmune disease that causes blisters and erosions of the skin and the mucous membrane. The epithelial lesions are a result of auto-antibodies that react with desmosomal glycoproteins that are present on the cell surface of the keratinocyte. The autoimmune reaction against these glycoproteins causes a loss of cell to cell adhesion, resulting in the formation of intraepithelial bullae. Eighty to ninety percent of patients with pemphigus vulgaris develop oral lesions and in 60% of cases oral lesions are the first sign. Timely recognition and therapy of oral lesion is critical as it may prevent skin involvement. If treatment is instituted during this time, the disease is easier to control and the chance for an early remission of the disorder is enhanced. This case report describes the case of a patient who complained of ulcers of the mouth and difficulty in swallowing since 20 days, who was diagnosed as having Pemphigus vulgaris. Due to early diagnosis, lower doses of medication for a shorter period of time could control the disease. Dental professionals must be sufficiently familiar with the clinical manifestations of pemphigus vulgaris to ensure early diagnosis and treatment which in turn determines the prognosis and course of the disease.

  7. Pulmonary agenesis: two cases reported

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Yaraví Solano-Vázquez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pulmonary agenesis is a rare anomaly (1 in 15 000 live births which consists in a total absence or severe hypoplasia of one or both lungs. The clinical spectrum of the unilateral agenesis could vary from early and severe respiratory distress, recurrent pneumonia to being an incidental finding. The prognosis is based on the presence of associated congenital abnormalities. Material and methods: We present two cases of unilateral pulmonary agenesis in patients at Tlaxcala’s Children Hospital during 2012. Results: Report details the case of a one-month old boy with left pulmonary agenesis and interatrial communication and mild pulmonary arterial hypertension. He had two resolved pneumonia incidents. The other case was a one-month old girl with right pulmonary agenesis, associated to multiple heart malformations who evolved to respiratory failure, heart failure and death.Conclusions: Pulmonary agenesis is a rare anomaly. Its outcome and prognosis varies with the hemodynamics related to its location and associated malformations.

  8. Serotonin Syndrome: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Oliveira

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Serotonin Syndrome (SS is a potentially fatal iatrogenic condition that occurs as a result of an over-stimulation of the serotonergic receptors. Its typical presentation consists of the triad altered mental status, autonomic hyperactivity and neuromuscular alterations, although the clinical condition is highly variable. Despite being potentially treatable, many cases per year are underdiagnosed, a fact that has been mainly attributed to the lack of knowledge of this condition by the physicians. SS treatment relies on four pillars: removal of the precipitating agent and supportive therapy, antagonism of 5-HT2A receptors, and control of agitation, autonomic instability and hyperthermia. It is expected that its incidence will accompany the growth of the prescription of antidepressants, andincreasing physician’s awareness about its occurrence, could contribute to a timely diagnosis and to the success of the treatment. We present a clinical case of a patient diagnosed with Bipolar Affective Disorder, hospitalized for a depressive episode with a psychotic component, which developed a SS compatible condition. Based on this case report the authors undertake a theoretical review of this condition.

  9. Umbilical endosalpingiosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papavramidis Theodossis S

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Endosalpingiosis describes the ectopic growth of Fallopian tube epithelium. Pathology confirms the presence of a tube-like epithelium containing three types of cells: ciliated, columnar cells; non-ciliated, columnar secretory mucous cells; and intercalary cells. We report the case of a woman with umbilical endosalpingiosis and examine the nature and characteristics of cutaneous endosalpingiosis by reviewing and combining the other four cases existing in the international literature. Case presentation A 50-year-old Caucasian, Greek woman presented with a pale brown nodule in her umbilicus. The nodule was asymptomatic, with no cyclical discomfort or variation in size. Her personal medical, surgical and gynecologic history was uneventful. An excision within healthy margins was performed under local anesthesia. A cystic formation measuring 2.7×1.7×1 cm was removed. Histological examination confirmed umbilical endosalpingiosis. Conclusions Umbilical endosalpingiosis is a very rare manifestation of the non-neoplasmatic disorders of the Müllerian system. It appears with cyclic symptoms of pain and swelling of the umbilicus, but not always. The disease is diagnosed using pathologic findings and surgical excision is the definitive treatment.

  10. Commissioners' Monthly Case Activity Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission — Total cases pending at the beginning of the month, total cases added to the docket during the month, total cases disposed of during the month, and total cases...

  11. Internet addiction: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pejović-Milovančević Milica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Some addictions cannot be connected with substance abuse (pathological gambling, video games playing, binge eating, compulsive physical activity, emotional relationship addiction, TV addiction. Since 1995, Internet addiction has been accepted as a clinical entity with profound negative effect on social, familial, educational and economical personal functioning. The diagnosis of Internet addiction could be established if the person spends more than 38 hours per week on the Internet exempting online professional needs. Basic symptoms are the increased number of hours spent in front of the computer along with the Internet use, development of abstinent syndrome if the Internet access is prohibited, sleep inversion, neglect of basic social requirements and personal hygiene, many somatic symptoms developed due to prolonged sitting or monitor watching, dissocial behavior. In this paper, data about the Internet addiction are presented and a case report of an adolescent with developed Internet addiction.

  12. Ectopia cordis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonçalo Filipe Infante Mesquita Dias

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: ectopia cordis is a rare congenital malformation, with an estimated incidence of 5 to 8 per million live births. It is defined as a malformation in which the heart is located in an extra-thoracic position. Ectopia cordis may occur as an isolated malformation or associated with other anomalies such as omphalocele, congenital heart disease or integrating Cantrell syndrome. The size and location of the defect influence the prognosis. Description: we report a case of a 24-year-old nulliparous woman, with no relevant family or personal history, in which the prenatal fetal ultrasound, performed at 21 weeks of gestation, revealed adefect of the anterior chest wall with exteriorization of the heart. Discussion: fetal echocardiography revealed a severe congenital heart disease. The parents decided to continue the pregnancy, after being duly informed by a multidisciplinary team. Delivery occurred at 37 weeks of gestation but the female newborn died one hour afterwards. Pathological examination confirmed the sonographic findings.

  13. Docetaxel Retinopathy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Nghiem-Buffet

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To report the use of En-face optical coherence tomography (OCT in a patient treated with docetaxel and tamoxifen for breast cancer for the detection of macular edema (ME without evidence of leakage on fluorescein angiography (FA. Case Presentation: A 52-year-old woman treated for breast cancer presented with bilateral visual loss for 2 months. FA showed no significant leakage while spectral-domain OCT scans of both eyes showed foveolar and parafoveolar cystic spaces in a moderately thickened macula. En-face OCT segmented at the inner retina showed the petaloid arrangement of cystic cavities, comparable to a cystoid ME. Conclusions: The combined use of tamoxifen could have potentiated the toxic effect of docetaxel on the macula. En-face OCT images may reveal a petaloid aspect of the macula due to cysts in the inner retina segmentation, when FA shows no leakage.

  14. Cavernous Haemangioma -A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Sharma

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Hemangiomas are developmental vascular abnormalities and more than 50% of these lesions occur in the head and neck region, with the lips, tongue, buccal mucosa, and palate most commonly involved. They are considered as hamartomas rather than true neoplasms. Here we report a case of hemangioma of the tongue, discussing the diagnostic aspects and treatment modalities. Factors such as patient's age, size and site of lesion and the proximity of lesion to vital structure are paramount in the determination of the therapeutic approach and surgical excision. Even though radiotherapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy, medical treatment, injection of sclerosing substances and the selective embolization of the lingual artery seem to have some efficacy, the author conclude that surgery is the therapy of choice in the isolated vascular lesions of the tongue.

  15. [Acquired methemoglobinemia: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benini, D; Vino, L; Fanos, V

    1998-01-01

    When an infant presents severe cyanosis which is not associated with respiratory distress, methaemoglobinemia should always be suspected. In children its main inducers are contaminated water or vegetable broths with high nitrate levels (especially spinach and carrots) used to prepare powdered formula or soups. Children affected with methaemoglobinemia have a peculiar lavender colour. Blood from the heel sticks is chocolate-brown and does not become pink when exposed to room air. Diagnosis can be confirmed by excluding other causes of cyanosis and by spectrophotometric analysis of blood for methaemoglobin. When methaemoglobin's levels reach 60% or more, the patient will collapse and become comatose and may die. Therapy with methylene blue results in prompt relief. In this article we report a case of methaemoglobinemia due to the administration of powdered formula mixed with vegetable broths to a newborn aged 16 days. Furthermore we will present a short review of literature regarding methaemoglobinemia caused by toxic agents over the last 10 years.

  16. Advanced intraligamentary pregnancy: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holzhacker, Suzane; Elito Junior, Julio; Santana, Renato Martins; Hisaba, Wagner

    2008-01-01

    Intraligamentary pregnancy is an ectopic pregnancy developing within the broad ligament of the uterus. A case of a 20-year-old primigestation primipara woman is reported. The patient at 10 weeks of gestation, presented acute and continuous hypo gastric pain and was referred to ultrasonography examination, showing ectopic pregnancy and oligamnios. Another exam revealed right para-uterine abdominal pregnancy, fetal biometry of 16 weeks, placenta attached to mesosalpinx and severe oligamnios. Considering the fetal prognostics and the proximity of the placenta to iliac blood vessels, artheriographic examination was performed for evaluation of placenta insertion. Surgical procedures as salpingo-oophorectomy at the right side, appendectomy and removal of the fetus were performed

  17. Sialography: Report of 3 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reddy Sujatha

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Salivary gland examination is an important part of oral examination, especially because of it′s involvement in most of the systemic diseases. Patients most commonly seek medical attention when the major salivary glands like parotid and submandibular gland become enlarged or painful. The various imaging modalities practiced to check the salivary gland disorders include conventional radiography, sialography, ultrasonography, computerized tomography, radionuclide imaging and magnetic resonance imaging. Sialography is one of the oldest imaging procedures and still most commonly practiced, as it is a chair side procedure, simple to perform, and cost effective. We report the role of sialography as an adjuvant in the diagnosis of bacterial sialadenitis and sialadenosis and as a diagnostic and therapeutic aid in a case of juvenile recurrent parotitis.

  18. Fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mostafa Ghavami

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary manifestation of cardiac tumors in embryonic period is a very rare condition. Cardiac rhabdomyomas most frequently arise in the ventricular myocardium, they may also occur in the atria and the epicardial surface. In spite of its benign nature, the critical location of the tumor inside the heart can lead to lethal arrhythmias and chamber obstruction. Multiple rhabdomyomas are strongly associated with tuberous sclerosis which is associated with mental retardation and epilepsy of variable severity. Ultrasonography as a part of routine prenatal screening, is the best method for the diagnosis of cardiac rhabdomyomas. In the review of articles published in Iran, fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma was not reported. Case presentation: We report a case of cardiac rhabdomyoma on a 24-year-old gravid 1, referred to Day Medical Imaging Center for routine evaluation of fetal abnormalities at 31 weeks of her gestational age. Ultrasonographic examination displayed a homogenous echogenic mass (13×9mm, originating from the left ventricle of the fetal heart. It was a normal pregnancy without any specific complications. Other organs of the fetus were found normal and no cardiac abnormalities were appeared. No Pericardial fluid effusion was found. The parents did not have consanguineous marriage. They did not also have any specific disease such as tuberous sclerosis. Conclusion: The clinical features of cardiac rhabdomyomas vary widely, depending on the location, size, and number of tumors in the heart. Although cardiac rhabdomyoma is a benign tumor in many affected fetuses, an early prenatal diagnosis of the tumor is of great significance in making efficient planning and providing adequate follow up visits of the patients and the complications such as, heart failure and outlet obstruction of cardiac chambers.

  19. Poroid hidradenoma: a case report

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    Mona Mlika

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Poroid hidradenoma is a variant of the eccrine poroma that belongs to the group of poroid neoplasm. It presents architectural features of hidradenoma and cytologic features of poroid neoplasm. To date, very few cases of this entity have been reported in the literature.Case presentation: An eighty-one-year-old man whose past medical history was consistent for a Parkinson’s disease presented with a presternal nodular mass. Physical examination revealed a 6 cm, painless, and pedunculated presternal tumefaction. Chest Ultrasound examination revealed a heterogeneous tumor with anechoic areas and cystic component. CT-scan showed a presternal subcutaneous mass presenting a dual component sloid and cystic with stigmates of recent bleeding. A total surgical excision was performed and histologic examination concluded to a poroid hidredenoma.Conclusion: Poroid hidradenoma is the newest variant added to poroid neoplasm. Histologic characteristics may be challenging necessitating a thorough sampling. Treatment is based on surgical resection in order to to prevent from a possible recurrence or malignant transformation.

  20. Atypical Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Case Report

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    Hüseyin Demirci

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus and can lead to death if untreated. It is a complex metabolic state characterised by hyperglycaemia, acidosis and ketonuria. Bonsai is one of the herbal incense products that contains synthetic cannabinoid and can be easily accessible via the internet in many countries. It cannot be detected in blood and urine studies using conventional methods. Synthetic cannabinoid abuse is associated with severe side effects, including tachycardia, high blood pressure, acidosis, excess sedation and coma. Case Report: A 17-year-old male patient was brought to the emergency department with sudden onset of dyspnoea. Laboratory investigations revealed hyperglycaemia, acidosis and ketonuria. He was admitted to the intensive care unit with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. He was not considered a typical case of diabetic ketoacidosis because of the tendency to hypokalaemia, persistent tachycardia and bronchoscopic findings. We learned from his friends that he had used cannabis for a week and used bonzai on the day that he was brought to the emergency service. Conclusion: Diabetic ketoacidosis with prolonged acidosis and tendency to hypokalaemia are investigated for the consumption of synthetic cannabinoids.

  1. [Delayed posthypoxic leukoencephalopathy: case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuda, Shiho; Ueno, Masao; Hayakawa, Michiko; Araki, Manabu; Kanda, Fumio; Takano, Shin

    2012-01-01

    Delayed posthypoxic leukoencephalopathy (DPL) is a rare and less well known complication of hypoxic brain injury. Although it is well known that anoxic or hypoxic injury produces acute neurologic deficits, DPL typically manifests days to weeks after apparent recovery from an obtunded state, and patients with DPL demonstrate cognitive impairment, high brain dysfunction, parkinsonism, or psychosis. MRI findings of the brain demonstrate deep white matter abnormalities. We report 2 cases of DPL after hypoxia due to benzodiazepine overdose. Both of our patients had normal arylsulfatase A activity. Although DPL is seen in carbon monoxide poisoning, pseudodeficiency of arylsulfatase A activity, or drug overdose with heroin or morphine, there are only some previous studies of DPL caused by an overdose with benzodiazepine. It is unclear whether neurotoxicity from the drug in addition to hypoxia alone is involved, however, it is important to note that overdose of common drugs as sleeping medicine can cause DPL. Since DPL may often be misdiagnosed and be subjected to unnecessary treatments, it is also important to understand its unique clinical course and MRI findings. With prompt recognition of DPL, we expect that more cases of DPL caused by overdose with benzodiazepine will be diagnosed, because benzodiazepine overdoses are common.

  2. Bilateral spontaneous hemotympanum: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Economou Nicolas C

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The most common causes of hemotympanum are therapeutic nasal packing, epistaxis, blood disorders and blunt trauma to the head. Hemotympanum is characterized as idiopathic, when it is detected in the presence of chronic otitis media. A rare case of spontaneous bilateral hemotympanum in a patient treated with anticoagulants is presented herein. Case presentation A 72-year-old male presented with acute deterioration of hearing. In the patient's medical history aortic valve replacement 1 year before presentation was reported. Since then he had been administered regularly coumarinic anticoagulants, with INR levels maintained between 3.4 and 4.0. Otoscopy revealed the presence of bilateral hemotympanum. The audiogram showed symmetrical moderately severe mixed hearing loss bilaterally, with the conductive component predominating. Tympanograms were flat bilaterally with absent acoustic reflexes. A computerized tomography scan showed the presence of fluid in the mastoid and middle ear bilaterally. Treatment was conservative and consisted of a 10-day course of antibiotics, anticongestants and temporary interruption of the anticoagulant therapy. After 3 weeks, normal tympanic membranes were found and hearing had returned to previous levels. Conclusion Anticoagulant intake should be included in the differential diagnosis of hemotympanum, because its detection and appropriate treatment may lead to resolution of the disorder.

  3. CASE REPORT CASE Multimodality imaging and interventional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In view of the clinical presentation and different imaging appear- ances, this case was felt to be interesting in its radiological workup, management and eventual unusual pathology. .... owing to kickbacks, perverse incentives, ignorance, defensive medicine, overservicing or self referral, contributes to unnecessary radiation.

  4. CASE REPORT A recurrent gestational choriocarcinoma case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Admin

    molar pregnancy (Luna Russo et al., 2015). To our knowledge recurrence resulting in rupture 14 month following a live pregnancy is an extremely rare event. Management of gestational trophoblastic disease in our setup poses multiple challenges as seen in this particular case. Serum β-HCG follow up for these patients ...

  5. Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip: A Case Report - Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Bahadır

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Transient osteoporosis is a process in which peri-articuler osteoporosis occurs, with cartilage remaining intact. A painful disease, it is more common in males than females, may be migratory and is self-limited, with complete resolution of symptoms and all imaging findings. Characterized by pain and functional limitation mainly affecting weight-bearing joints of the lower limbs. Routine laboratory investigations are unremarkable. Middle aged men and women during the last months of pregnancy or in the immediate post-partum period are principally affected. Diagnosis is made upon clinical presentation and x-ray evidence of diffuse osteopenia in the affected bone area followed by spontaneous healing after several months. Magnetic resonance imaging and techneticum-99 bone scan may be helpful in diagnosis especially in early phase of the disease. In this case report 41 year old male patient who had transient osteoporosis of the hip was evaluated in the light of relevant literature. (From the World of Osteoporosis 2007;13:19-22

  6. Pituitary Gigantism: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rana Bhattacharjee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present a rare case of gigantism. Case Report: A 25-year-old lady presented with increased statural growth and enlarged body parts noticed since the age of 14 years, primary amenorrhea, and frontal headache for the last 2 years.She has also been suffering from non-inflammatory low back pain with progressive kyphosis and pain in the knees, ankles, and elbows for the last 5 years. There was no history of visual disturbance, vomiting, galactorrhoea, cold intolerance. She had no siblings. Family history was non-contributory.Blood pressure was normal. Height 221 cm, weight 138 kg,body mass index (BMI28. There was coarsening of facial features along with frontal bossing and prognathism, large hands and feet, and small goitre. Patient had severe kyphosis and osteoarthritis of knees. Confrontation perimetry suggested bitemporal hemianopia. Breast and pubic hair were of Tanner stage 1. Serum insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF1 was 703 ng/ml with all glucose suppressedgrowth hormone (GHvalues of >40 ng/ml. Prolactin was 174 ng/ml. Basal serum Lutenising Hormone (LH, follicle stimulating Hormone (FSH was low. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, liver and renal function tests, basal cortisol and thyroid profile, Calcium, phosphorus and Intact Parathyroid hormone (iPTH were normal.Computed tomographyscan of brain showed large pituitary macroadenoma. Automated perimetry confirmed bitemporal hemianopia. A diagnosis of gigantism due to GH secreting pituitary macroadenoma with hypogonadotrophichypogonadism was made. Debulking pituitary surgery followed by somatostatin analogue therapy with gonadal steroid replacement had been planned, but the patient refused further treatment.

  7. Camptomelic dysplasia: A case report

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    Koš Radmila

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Campomelic/camptomelic dysplasia is a very rare, severe osteochondrodysplasia characterised by severe skeletal and nonskeletal malformations and lethal outcome mainly in neonatal period. Characteristic abnormality by which the syndrome got its name is short, bowed long bones of lower extremities, most often of femur, manifested by short and bowed legs. Skin dimpling on tibial anterior side is another prominent characteristic of this syndrome. Severe cases are inherited by autosomal dominant trait, by mutation Sox9 gene on chromosome 17, with lethal outcome in the first days of life. Less severe forms of the disease are due to balanced translocation t (13;17 with life span up to the third decade of life. A majority of karyotypic males present as phenotypic females. We report a case of a female neonate, without consanguinity between parents, with characteristic signs of camptomelic dysplasia with short birth length of 46 cm, macrocephaly (head circumference 39 cm, dolichocephaly, hydrocephalus, short trunk and legs. Narrow rib cage, bowed lower extremities, short hand and foot phalanges, nail hypoplasia were noticed. Anterior fontanelle was enlarged, high forehead, face small and flat, hypertelorism, low nasal bridge, micrognathia, low set ears, cleft palate, were found. Characteristic skin dimpling on anterior side of tibia was present on both legs. Bone X-ray studies presented the following changes: anterior bowing of shortened femurs, hip dislocation, cervical vertebrae, scapulas, eleven pairs of slender ribs. Hip luxation. Karyotype was normal for a female, 46 XX. Respiratory insufficiency was present since birth, exacerbated, and led to lethal outcome in the second day of life, as described in the majority of these patients. .

  8. Externalized ileocolic anastomosis: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simcock, James; Kuntz, Charles A; Newman, Raquel

    2010-01-01

    A 6-year-old, spayed female Labrador retriever was presented 48 hours after an intestinal resection and anastomosis for management of a small intestinal foreign body. Abdominal ultrasound confirmed the presence of peritoneal effusion. Cytology of fluid collected by abdominocentesis revealed a large number of degenerate neutrophils with intracellular cocci. A diagnosis of septic peritonitis was made, presumably because of dehiscence of the anastomosis. Upon repeat exploratory celiotomy, the intestinal anastomosis (located 4 cm orad to the cecum) was found to be leaking intestinal contents into the abdomen. The distal ileum, cecum, and proximal colon were resected. An end-to-end, ileocolic anastomosis was performed and subsequently exteriorized into the subcutaneous space via a paramedian incision through the abdominal wall. The anastomosis was inspected daily for 4 days before it was returned to the abdomen and the subcutaneous defect was closed. Serial cytology of the peritoneal fluid, which was performed during this 4-day postoperative period, confirmed progressive resolution of peritonitis. The dog was discharged from the hospital 2 days following return of the anastomosis into the abdomen. Externalized intestinal anastomosis is used with good success in human medicine for repair of colonic injuries. In this case, externalization of the anastomosis permitted healing of the intestinal anastomosis in an environment isolated from the detrimental effects created by septic peritonitis. In addition, direct visualization of the anastomosis allowed assessment of healing. To our knowledge, this procedure has not been previously reported in companion animals.

  9. Giant hepatocellular adenoma; case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitella, F.A.; Coutinho, A.M.N.; Coura Filho, G.B.; Costa, P.L.A.; Ono, C.R.; Watanabe, T.; Sapienza, M.T.; Hironaka, F.; Cerri, G.G.; Buchpiguel, C.A. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (FM/USP), SP (Brazil). Inst. de Radiologia. Servico de Medicina Nuclear

    2008-07-01

    Full text: Introduction: Hepatocellular adenoma is a benign hepatic tumor identified mainly in women during fertility age, with estimated incidence of 4/1000 inhabitants. It is usually unique, well circumscribed, with or without a capsule, size varying from 1 to 30 cm, with possible central areas of necrosis and hemorrhage. Case Report: A 37-year-old female patient presenting with no comorbities, use of hormonal birth control pills for 18 years, a condition of reduction in the consistency of feces, increase in number of daily defecations, abdominal cramps, and a stuffed sensation after meals for two years. A palpable abdominal mass extending from the right hypochondriac to the right iliac fossa was noticed four months ago. A computerized tomography (CT) showed an extensive hepatic mass on the right which was considered, within the diagnostic hypotheses, hepatic adenomatosis, without ruling out secondary lesions. A hepatic scintillography with {sup 99m}Tc-DISIDA showed an extensive exophytic area from segment V to the right iliac fossa with arterialized blood flow and hepatocytic activity, as well as a hepatic nodule in segment VII with hepatocytic activity consistent with the hepatic adenomas hypothesis. The biopsy confirmed the hepatic adenoma diagnosis and the patient was submitted to a partial hepatectomy and cholecystectomy with good clinical evolution. Conclusion: Nuclear Medicine may supplement the assessment of hepatic nodules, including giant masses, thus suggesting new hypotheses and direction to therapeutic conduct. (author)

  10. Graphemic jargon: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonauer, K; Denes, G

    1994-08-01

    We report on a patient with left hemispheric thromboembolic stroke whose writing performance on single word dictation following recovery from an aphasic syndrome remained severely impaired but fluent. Having only very fragmentary command of the target's written spelling she produced neologistic nonwords which were approximately the same length and contained, in addition to perseverative intrusions and unidentifiable errors multiple insertions, deletions, transpositions, and substitutions but only few unpronounceable combinations. The patient was tested 4 and 10 months postonset, before and after having attended a rehabilitation program for dysgraphia. Comparing pre- and post-rehabilitation error corpora we found, besides a slight improvement of her severe dysgraphia, a highly significant predilection of in-class substitutions regarding the consonant/vowel status of misspelled graphemes. The second error corpus revealed some influence of different consonant/vowel patterns among the targets on the emergence of spelling errors. We discuss the hypothesis of an influence of nonlexical "graphotactic" features on the spelling process as has been revealed by other cases of acquired dysgraphia published in recent years.

  11. Descending necrotising mediastinitis: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan Eren

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Descending necrotising mediastinitis is a rare but usually fatal infection. It commonly results of oropharyngeal and odontogenic infections. Complete recovery may be achieved by early diagnosis, prompt medical and surgical approach. We are reporting our desending necrotizing mediastinitis case secondary to tooth abscess, and it’s successfull surgical treatment.A-48-year-old man admitted with fever, exhaustion neck distendion for a week. He had a tooth abscess one week ago. Chest tomography showed neck and mediastinal air and fluid collections. Antibiothreapy was started and urgent surgical management applied. Neck drainage was performed via transcervical approach. Mediastinal drainage was performed via right thoracotomy. Continue mediastinal washing feasibility was done by drainage tubes. Drainage was ended after nonextra drainage and cultural growthless. Vital signs became stable and control tomography showed complete recovery. He was healthfull at the 6th month’s follow-up.Broad antibiothreapy, surgical management are the main approaches for descending necrotising mediastinitis. The most common surgical procedure is the combination of transcervical approach and thoracotomy. We suggest early and agressive surgical management for the complete recovery. J Clin Exp Invest 2010; 1(3: 228-231

  12. Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoshnevisan A

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia is defined as a prominent elongation, dilatation and tortuosity of the vertebral and basilar arteries. Ectatic basilar arteries may cause different neurological symptoms by several mechanisms including compressive effects and embolic or ischemic events."n "nCase presentation: In this report we present a 58-year old female patient who was admitted in Dr. Shariati General Hospital in Tehran, Iran with complaints of dysarthria, vertigo, ataxia and nausea. Neuro-imaging procedures (brain CT scan, CT angiography, and an MRI study of the blood vessels or MRA were performed. Dilation and elongation, as well as tortuosity of the vertebral and basilar arteries revealed the diagnosis of vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. The patient was discharged from the hospital following the control of underlying diseases and neurological symptoms related to dolichoectasia without undergoing any invasive procedures."n "nConclusion: Paying attention to any minor or major neurological symptoms, as well as underlying medical conditions along with the conservative control of symptoms can be most helpful. Invasive interventions in a chronically ill patient can be very risky, therefore, medical management including control of associated or underlying diseases is recommended as the first line of treatment.

  13. Child abuse, a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri M.T. Lubis

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Child abuse is a pervasive social and medical problem that remains a major cause of disability and death among children. The annual incidence of abuse is estimated to be 15 to 42 cases per 1,000 children and appears to be increasing. Fractures are the second most common presentation of physical abuse after skin lesions, and approximately one third of abused children will eventually be seen by an orthopedic surgeon. We report a 7-month-old boy who was suspected to be abused. Our diagnosis was based on findings of multiple fractures, delay in seeking medical treatment and discrepancy between the history of illness and the clinical findings. He sustained multiple fractures in variety of healing, namely fractures on left supracondylar humeri, left radius and ulna, right radius and ulna, both femora, right tibia, and left tibia and fibula. Radiological examination was an important modality in revealing the possibility of abuse on this child. He had received medical treatment, protection, consultation team for the parents and an underway police investigation. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 59-65 Keywords: child, abuse

  14. Accidental methanol ingestion: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakker Jan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The incidence of methanol (CH3OH intoxication differs enormously from country to country. Methanol intoxication is extremely rare in the Dutch population. Even a low dose can already be potentially lethal. Patients are conventionally treated with hemodialysis. Therefore we'd like to present a report of a foreign sailor in Rotterdam who accidentally caused himself severe methanol intoxication, with a maximum measured concentration of 4.4 g/L. Case presentation The patient presented with hemodynamic instability and severe metabolic acidosis with pH 6.69. The anion gap was 39 mmol/L and the osmol gap 73 mosmol/kg. Treatment with ethanol and continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVH-DF was initiated. Despite the hemodynamic instability it is was possible to achieve rapid correction of pH and methanol concentration with CVVH-DF while maintaining a stable and therapeutic ethanol serum concentration. Despite hemodynamic and acid-base improvement, our patient developed massive cerebral edema leading to brain death. Permission for organ donation was unfortunately not ascertained. Conclusions We conclude that in a hemodynamic instable situation high methanol concentrations and methanol-induced derangements of homeostasis are safely and effectively treated with CVVH-DF and that severe cerebral edema is another possible cause of death rather than the classical bleeding in the putamen area.

  15. [Cutaneous mastocytosis: A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegpi-Trueba, María Soledad; Hasbún-Acuña, Paula; Berroeta-Mauriziano, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    Mastocytosis represents a group of diseases characterised by an excesive accumulation of mastocytes in one or multiple tissues. It can affect only the skin, or have a systemic involvement. It has a low prevalence, and the prognosis is benign in children. To report a case of urticaria pigmentosa as a subtype of cutaneous mastocytosis, and present a literature review focused on clinical findings, diagnosis and initial basic management. A child of six months of age presenting with multiple blemishes and light brown papules located on the trunk, arms and legs. The symptoms were compatible with urticaria pigmentosa, and was confirmed by biopsy. Tests to rule out systemic involvement were requested. The patient was treated with general measures, education, and antihistamines, with favourable results. Cutaneous mastocytosis is a rare disease with a good prognosis. In childhood general measures and education are usually enough to obtain favourable results. Histamine H1 antagonists are the first line drug treatment. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Final report on case studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljungberg, Daniel; McKelvey, Maureen; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann

    2012-01-01

    Case study as a research design means investigating a single or multiple instance(s) or setting(s) (i.e. a case) and its entire context to explain a phenomenon and its processes. This is achieved through detailed understanding, usually comprised of multiple sources of information. In this way, ca...

  17. Primary xanthoma of calcaneus bone: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghalib Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: We present this case to raise the suspicion of this lesion that is rarely described in the literatures. This is the first case of primary xanthoma of calcaneus bone that has been reported in Qatar.

  18. Case report - Ectopic molar pregnancy: A case report | Bousfiha ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The patient was followed with weekly quantitative ;-hCG titers until three successive ;-hCG levels were negative. It is pertinent that clinicians take routine histological examination of tubal specimens in ectopic pregnancy very seriously in order to diagnose cases of ectopic molar gestations early and mount appropriate post ...

  19. Case Report - Radiation Recall; A Paediatric Case Report From ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Radiation Recall Dermatitis (RRD) is an acute inflammatory reaction that develops within an area of previous irradiation, occurring after administering a chemotherapeutic agent. We present the case of a 3-year-old Zambian girl with a nephroblastoma who developed radiation recall after the administration of dactinomycin, ...

  20. Case Report: A Rare Case Report of Spontaneous Resolution of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare disease entity. It is an ominous finding, usually, associated with intraabdominal ischemic necrosis. It frequently requires emergent surgical intervention. Herein, we present a case of a patient who complained of intense abdominal pain, with radiographic findings of HPVG as a ...

  1. Paraduodenal hernia. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irion, K.L.

    1989-01-01

    The authors present a case of right paraduodenal hernia and a brief review of the embriology and anatomy of the paraduodenal fossae as well as of the clinical signs, symptoms and radiologic aspects of paraduodenal hernias. (author) [pt

  2. Regional Odontodysplasia: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saadettin Dagistan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Regional odontodysplasia (RO is a rare developmental dental anomaly with an unknown etiology. It is more often seen in girls than boys. Treatment of RO depends on the individual case. The aims of treatment should include aiding mastication and speech, improving aesthetics, reducing the psychological impact of the anomaly, allowing normal jaw growth and development, and if possible protection of any erupted teeth which are affected. We present a rare case of RO together with the treatment modality undertaken.

  3. Atypical odontalgia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koratkar, Harish; Koratkar, Sonal

    2008-01-01

    Diagnosis and treatment of orofacial pain is not uncommon; however, reaching a definitive diagnosis in these cases can be a complex challenge. Dentists are most likely to face this situation, because persistent and chronic pain is more common in the head and neck region than in any other part of the body. However, the complexities and diagnostic challenges mean that misdiagnosing neuropathic pain is common. This article presents a case of atypical odontalgia and illustrates the complexities involved when diagnosing the condition.

  4. The case for the case report: refine to save.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lennon, P

    2012-01-31

    INTRODUCTION: The case report is the cornerstone of both medical teaching and writing. However, during recent years the value of the case report has been questioned, so much so that it has been abandoned by many journals. The aim of this study was to assess case reports published by the Irish Journal of Medical Science (IJMS) and to examine ways to preserve this type of article. METHODS: A review of all single-patient case reports published in the IJMS in 2008 and 2009. RESULTS: Forty-eight cases were published from nine countries. The range of authors was 2-11, length 525-1,787 words and number of references 4-24. All cases contained abstracts. CONCLUSION: Stricter guidelines with regards to a shorter more focused article should help to preserve this form of publication.

  5. Case report: humero-spinal dysostosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparks, M J; Gaines, P A; Levick, R K

    1994-11-01

    We report a case of humero-spinal dysostosis which is only the fourth reported in the literature. The condition is characterized by distal bifurcation of humeri, elbow joint dislocation, spinal malformation, widened iliac bones and talipes equinovarus.

  6. International or national publication of case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundh, Andreas; Christensen, Mikkel; Jørgensen, Anders W

    2011-02-01

    Case reports are often regarded as second-class research, but are an important part of medical science as they often present first evidence of new discoveries. We here describe the type of case reports published in a Danish general medical journal. We included all case reports published in Ugeskrift for Laeger in 2009. For each report, two authors extracted information on study characteristics and classified the relevance and the role of the report. We included 139 case reports written in Danish. Thirty-nine (28%) were of general relevance and 100 (72%) of speciality relevance. The median number of authors was three (range: 1-7). The first author was a non-specialist physician in 119 (86%) of the reports and the last author a specialist in 103 (78%). A total of 124 (89%) reports had an educational role, six (4%) dealt with new diseases, two (1%) with new side effects, three (2%) with new mechanisms and four (3%) were curiosities. A total of 59 (42%) reports were surgical, 64 (46%) non-surgical and 16 (12%) paraclinical. We found that most case reports published in Ugeskrift for Laeger were of speciality relevance and had an educational perspective. The journal may consider focusing on cases of more general educational relevance and should also consider whether the current form and language suit the aim and role of the various types of case reports.

  7. Incidental Anterior Cruciate Ligament Calcification: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Hisami; Fischer, Hans

    2016-03-01

    The calcification of knee ligaments is a finding noted only in a handful of case reports. The finding of an anterior cruciate ligament calcification has been reported once in the literature. Comparable studies involving the posterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament and an ossicle within the anterior cruciate ligament are likewise discussed in reports of symptomatic patients. We report a case of incidentally discovered anterior cruciate ligament calcification. We discuss the likely etiology and clinical implications of this finding.

  8. Neonatal lenticulostriate vasculopathy: case reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bokiniec, R.; Pawluch, R.; Majewska, U.; Krol, M.; Kornacka, M. K.

    2006-01-01

    Lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) is sometimes detected as stripe-like vascular echogenicities in the region of the basal ganglia on routine brain ultrasonography in neonates. LSV is often associated with various perinatal and neonatal abnormalities. Eight infants had echogenic stripes in the basal ganglia at the location of the lenticulostriate arteries, seen by head ultrasound. One patient had infection with rubella, three had respiratory disease, one with twin to twin transfusion, two with congenital malformation, and one had a restrictive ductus arteriosus in prenatal diagnosis. Brain computed tomography in one sonographically diagnosed LSV case failed to display the lesion. Sonographic follow up of patients with LSV showed progression in one case, no change in six, and resolution of lesions in one case. Sonography is helpful in detecting early noncalcific inflammation and mineralisation in vasculitis. LSV has varied clinical associations. Although nonspecific, these findings should alert the physician to the possibility of congenital infection, chromosomal abnormality, or prenatal drug exposure. (author)

  9. Glucagonoma syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Bernardo Carmen M

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Glucagonoma syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of one in 20 million, characterized by necrolytic migratory erythema, hyperglucagonemia, diabetes mellitus, anemia, weight loss, glossitis, cheilitis, steatorrhea, diarrhea, venous thrombosis and neuropsychiatric disturbances in the setting of a glucagon-producing alpha-cell tumor of the pancreas. Necrolytic migratory erythema is the presenting manifestation in the majority of cases, so its early suspicion and correct diagnosis is a key factor in the management of the patient. Case presentation We present the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian woman with glucagonoma syndrome due to an alpha-cell tumor located in the tail of the pancreas, successfully treated with surgical resection. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of the unusual initial manifestations of glucagonoma. Early diagnosis allows complete surgical resection of the neoplasm and provides the only chance of a cure.

  10. Case Report - Malignant melanoma of the lung: A case report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Primary melanoma of the lung is an extremely rare pathological entity and sparsely reported in the literature. A 68-year-old man was admitted with 3 months history of cough, sputum production, dyspnea, hemoptysis and chest pain. The chest radiography demonstrated bilateral mass lesion and thoracal computerized (CT) ...

  11. Synesthesia and Migraine: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alstadhaug Karl B

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Synesthesia is, as visual migraine aura, a common and fascinating perceptual phenomenon. Here we present a unique case with synesthesias exclusively during visual migraine auras. Case presentation A 40-year-old woman with a cyclic mood disorder had suffered from migraine with visual aura for several years. On several occasions she had experienced "mixing of senses" during the aura phase. Staring at strong bright light she could experience intense taste of lemon with flow from the salivary glands. Conclusion Acquired synesthesia, exclusively coincident with migraine aura, gives support to the idea of an anomalous cortical processing underlying the phenomenon.

  12. OSTEO ARTICULAR TUBERCULOSIS: RARE CASE REPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Osteoarticular tuberculosis is one of the rare forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis especially when it involve the foot bones. This article highlights rare case reports of 3 cases of osteoarticular tuberculosis, 2 affecting the bones of foot and the third, the distal femur. Out of three cases 2 were treated as category 3 of RNTCP (Revised national tuberculosis control programme and for the last case we added Inj. streptomycin during the first 2 months of treatment. It was found that the last case recovered quickly when compared to the other 2 cases. All three cases were very rare presentations amongst osteoarticular tuberculosis.

  13. Answers for Case Report 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hepatitis A and B, Influenza A and B, Echovirus, Coxsackie and Herpes simplex can be linked to the development of. GBS. ,1. Two of our cases did give a history of precDding illness. These febrile illnesses subsided without any medication. This raises a possibility that these iUnesses could have been viral and that during ...

  14. Chondroblastoma of rib : case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Hun; Kim, Kyung Rae; Ryu, Sang Wan [Kwangju Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    Chondroblastoma is an uncommon, benign, cartilaginous neoplasm originating in an epiphysis or apophysis of a long tubular bone. The rib is an unusual site for chondroblastoma. The authors describe a case of chondroblastoma of the rib and present a brief review of the literature.

  15. Mirizzi sundrome: One case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, Joon Koo; Choi, Byung Ihn; Park, Yong Hyun

    1984-01-01

    Mirizzi syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by obstruction of common hepatic duct due to impacted gallbladder neck or dystic duct stone and is an uncommon cause of obstructive jaundice. Authors experienced one case of Mirizzi syndrome mimicked lobulated intraductal tumor

  16. "Tarantula keratitis": a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McAnena, L

    2013-09-01

    A case of an 11-year-old boy presenting with a two-week history of a red, irritated right eye after handling a Chilean Rose Tarantula at an exotic pet exhibition. Examination revealed innumerable microscopic hairs embedded at all levels of the cornea. He was commenced on steroid drops with subjective and objective improvement at follow up.

  17. [Purtscher retinopathy--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voinea, Liliana; Totir, Madalina; Badarau, Anca; Stana, Daniela; Pavel, Laura; Panca, Aida; Ciuluvica, R

    2009-01-01

    The authors present the case of a 27 years old man who came to our clinic for sudden, painless and profound bilateral loss of visual acuity in both eyes, 14 days ago, during hospitalization for an acute episode of abdominal pain. The clinical aspect correlated with the personal pathological aspects permitted us to establish the diagnosis of Purtscher retinopathy.

  18. Central pontine myelinolysis CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Differential diagnosis of central pontine myelinolysis includes infarct, metastasis, glioma, multiple sclerosis, encephalitis, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.3 However concomitant involvement of the pons and basal ganglia is specific for osmotic myelinolysis.7 In such cases the imaging differential diagnosis includes hypoxia, ...

  19. Occipital Encephalocele: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Aslanova, Rakhshanda; Dolgun, Zehra Nihal; Turhan, Emrah; Ökten, Sabri Berkem

    2015-01-01

    Encephalocele is a neural tube defect characterized by sac-like protrusions of the brain and the covering membranes through an opening in the skull. In this case we presented a 21-year old 20 weeks pregnant woman with fetal occipital encephalocele accompanying lemon sign, normal posterior fossa imaging and normal level of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP).

  20. Delleman (Oculocerebrocutaneous Syndrome: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ortiz-Basso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Delleman syndrome is an unusual entity, characterized by ocular cysts or microphthalmia, focal dermal anomalies and cerebral malformations. In the following article, we carry out a review of the disease and we present the case of a patient with microphthalmos and palpebral coloboma. As we could not put orbital expanders at an early stage, we performed reconstructive surgery.

  1. Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Lym Chan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We present a typical case of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans with local recurrence 2 months after surgery and, motivated by this patient, make a review of the most important aspects. This is a rare tumor and we call special attention to the fact that its recurrence is extremely frequent, so there is absolute need to observe these patients periodically after surgery.

  2. Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, I Lym; Carneiro, Sueli; Menezes, Mariana; Ramos-e-Silva, Stella; Magalhães, Taíssa; Cuzzi, Tullia; Ramos-e-Silva, Marcia

    2014-01-01

    We present a typical case of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans with local recurrence 2 months after surgery and, motivated by this patient, make a review of the most important aspects. This is a rare tumor and we call special attention to the fact that its recurrence is extremely frequent, so there is absolute need to observe these patients periodically after surgery. PMID:24926255

  3. Lateral atlantooccipital dislocation: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watridge, C B; Orrison, W W; Arnold, H; Woods, G A

    1985-08-01

    A case of lateral atlantooccipital dislocation is presented, and its successful management is outlined, demonstrating the importance of the physical examination and the utilization of computed tomography. Open reduction and stabilization with direct visualization of the spinal axis is the preferred method of treatment.

  4. Traumatic atlantooccipital dislocation. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fruin, A H; Pirotte, T P

    1977-05-01

    A case of traumatic atlantooccipital dislocation is presented and the literature reviewed. This type of traumatic dislocation is probably produced by violent hyperextension of the upper cervical spine. Cranial nerve injuries and spinal cord injuries are common. Early fusion is recommended.

  5. A Report of Three Cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is uncommon, mainly in patients with uncontrolled diabetes or who are immunocompromised. It is a life-threatening emergency, estimates of mortality using current therapy range from 10 to 40%.[1] Despite high mortality rates there is a paucity of large series of cases leading to ...

  6. Pierre Robin Syndrome: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akama, M K; Guthua, S W; Chindia, M L

    2000-06-01

    A case of a female neonate with Pierre Robin Syndrome with frequent cyanotic episodes and feeding difficulties which could not be adequately managed by positioning and oral airway placement is presented. Tongue-anterior mandible fusion procedure was performed with satisfactory results.

  7. CASE REPORT CASE CASE Post-traumatic cholesteatoma … a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Otological examination was unhelpful due to severe external auditory canal stenosis. Case 2. A 30-year-old man ... extending into the distal external auditory meatus on otological exami- nation. In both cases, temporal bone .... Features pearls, tips, memory aids, and secrets from the experts. • Covers all of today s most ...

  8. Orbito-Ocular Teratoma: A Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and retroperitoneal regions of the body.1. Teratomas arising from the head and neck region are uncommon.4 We report a case of orbito-ocular teratoma in an infant. Case Report. A seventeen day-old baby ... intestinal glands and neural tissue with retinoblasts showing severe anaplasia. There was local infiltration and foci ...

  9. Fetal extraperitoneal rectal perforation: a case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fetal extraperitoneal rectal perforation is a very rare condition, but prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment produce overall good outcome. Its etiology and pathophysiology are poorly understood. Only 16 cases have been reported worldwide. We report another case of fetal extraperitoneal rectal perforation managed by ...

  10. Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report is to advance surgical knowledge and practice by promoting the reporting of innovative and reproducible surgical techniques and illustrative surgical cases on various surgical disciplines. The journal encourages authoritative synthesis of current surgical literature ...

  11. The Danish National Case Study Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    Three case studies from Danish science shops within the environmental field are analysed with respect to societal background, interaction between the involved actors and the societal impact of the co-operation. The report is one of the seven national case study reports from the EU...

  12. Hepatic Metastasis of Thymoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Jung Hun; Kim, Jang Ho; Shin, Hyun Woong; Lee, Il Ki; Sohn, Kyung Rak [Fatima Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-03-15

    Thymoma is the most common neoplasm in the anterior mediastinum, and extrathoracic involvement is rare. Moreover, cystic liver metastasis is extremely rare; few cases have been reported in the literature to date. We report here on a case of cystic liver metastasis of thymoma treated with surgical resection, describing the ultrasonography, CT and MRI findings

  13. Mitral valve prolapse - report of 3 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, Moon Hee; Im, Chung Ki; Im, Dong Ran; Han, Man Chung; Lee, Young Woo; Seo, Jung Don

    1979-01-01

    Prolapse of mitral valve is characterized by its unique auscultatory, echocardiographic and angiographic findings and may be associated with various disease entities such as congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease and Marfan's syndrome etc. Authors report recent experience of 3 cases of prolapsed mitral valve, 2 cases associated with A.S.D. and 1 case with Marfan's syndrome.

  14. Breast cancer in pregnancy: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kondamudi Vasantha

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This case report is about a case of breast cancer in pregnancy at the Brooklyn hospital Center. Our patient`s case highlights some of the inherent causes of fatality in PABC and how to thread the line between the mother's health and the baby's safety to ensure a good outcome for both parties.

  15. New journals for publishing medical case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akers, Katherine G

    2016-04-01

    Because they do not rank highly in the hierarchy of evidence and are not frequently cited, case reports describing the clinical circumstances of single patients are seldom published by medical journals. However, many clinicians argue that case reports have significant educational value, advance medical knowledge, and complement evidence-based medicine. Over the last several years, a vast number (∼160) of new peer-reviewed journals have emerged that focus on publishing case reports. These journals are typically open access and have relatively high acceptance rates. However, approximately half of the publishers of case reports journals engage in questionable or "predatory" publishing practices. Authors of case reports may benefit from greater awareness of these new publication venues as well as an ability to discriminate between reputable and non-reputable journal publishers.

  16. Brucellosis - diagnostic dilemma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojić Biljana

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a case of a 20-year old student from Belgrade, who was admitted to the Institute of Infectious Diseases with fever, muscle and spine pains, strong headacke and malice. During the clinical examination bilateral sacroileitis was found. Serological analyses confirmed brucellosis. Epidemiological data showed that she lived in Kosovo and Metohia in 1997, where she consumed diary products from domestic animals this might be the reason of the acquired infection. With appropriate antibiotic therapy (aminoglycoside, doxicyclin, rifampicin, symptomatic therapy and rehabilitation the disease had favorable outcome; there was no recidive. The authors point out the importance of specific microbiological examinations of patients with fever of unknown origin, especially if the patient has the symptoms that are compatible with brucellosis. In our case it was sacroileitis, as a characteristic complication. As brucellosis is endemic in some parts of our country, there is always a possibility of brucellosis in general medical practice.

  17. Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Tarda and Osteoporosis: A Case Report - Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şükran Kurtulmuş

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED tarda is a rare disease of which symptoms begin at childhood. It causes shortness of body and extremities, and kyphoscoliosis deformation due to delayed formation of epiphyses. Coexistence of osteopenia and the different types of this disease is also reported. According to our knowledge, the patient having both SED tarda and osteoporosis cured with the antiresorptive agents as well as his follow-up data are presented for the first time in the literature. (Osteoporoz Dünyasından 2006; 12 (1: 18-21

  18. Case report 383: Multiple myeloma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kouwenberg, J.J.; Simons, A.J.

    1986-01-01

    A unique and obviously extremely rare example of multiple myeloma has been presented, affecting the peripheral appendicular skeleton and not the hematopoietic system of the axial skeleton, radiologically and probably pathologically. Only one other similar case has been described. The radiological features were confirmed by the pathological studies: a biopsy specimen obtained from a large osteolytic lesion in a patella showed the typical stigma of multiple myeloma; a biopsy from the iliac creast showed no abnormality. (orig./SHA)

  19. Rhinoentomophthoromycosis: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Agrawal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Entomophthoromycosis is chronic granulomatous fungal infection with varied presentation as subcutaneous,mucocutaneous and visceral infections. The majority of the subcutaneous infection caused by entomophthoralean fungi involves Basidiobolus spp, C. coronatus, or C. incongruous. A case of rhinoentomophthoromycosis in an immunocompetent male involving maxillary sinus and nose is presented. The patient was clinically diagnosed as malignancy of nose but microscopy and histopathology of the aspirate clinched the diagnosis. The patient responded to antifungal therepy.

  20. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa: four case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ibne

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare cause of gigantism of limb which can be confused with other common causes like congenital lymphedema. It presents usually with loss of function and cosmetic problems. Four cases are described with emphasis on clinical presentation, differential diagnoses, imaging and treatment options. Methods & Results Four patients of macrodystrophia lipomatosa were thoroughly examined and subjected to investigations. Conclusion Besides diligent clinical examination, imaging and histopathology are crucial in clinching the diagnosis.

  1. Fibular hemimelia: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Byung Joon; Hong, Suk Joo; Kim, Kyung Min; Seol, Hae Young; Cha, In Ho; Song, Hae Ryong

    2006-01-01

    Fibular hemimelia is the most common congenital absence or hypoplasia of long bone. In addition to fibular absence or hypoplasia, this entity also includes various combined abnormalities of the lower limbs. We present here three cases of fibular hemimelia who underwent diagnosis and treatment in our hospital. We especially focus on the imaging findings of the plain radiographs, and we compare them with the findings found at another presentation

  2. Radix Entomolaris: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Movassagh; Ghahari; Heidari

    2016-01-01

    Introduction During endodontic treatment the variety of mandibular sectorial in the form of an extra lingual (radix entomolaris) or buccal root (radix paramolaris) can often cause difficulties. In other words, awareness and understanding of this unusual root, and its canal morphology, are factors that can affect the outcome of root canal treatment. Case Presentation A 30-year-old male patient with a history of severe, throbbing, c...

  3. Case report 383: Multiple myeloma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kouwenberg, J.J.; Simons, A.J.

    1986-08-01

    A unique and obviously extremely rare example of multiple myeloma has been presented, affecting the peripheral appendicular skeleton and not the hematopoietic system of the axial skeleton, radiologically and probably pathologically. Only one other similar case has been described. The radiological features were confirmed by the pathological studies: a biopsy specimen obtained from a large osteolytic lesion in a patella showed the typical stigma of multiple myeloma; a biopsy from the iliac creast showed no abnormality. (orig./SHA).

  4. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Avaria E.; María José Vargas F.; Loreto Triviño F.; Andrea Gleisner E.

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive disease whose main cause is the deficiency of 21-hydroxylase, an enzyme involved in the synthesis of cortisol and aldosterone. There are two forms of CAH, a classical and nonclassical form, being the first objective of analysis in the clinical case. Its clinical manifestations vary in severity, depending on the level of hormone deficiency. Within the classic is described the salt-wasting form, whose consequences are ...

  5. Male Hypogonadism. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisandro Hernández Madrazo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The case of a 26 years old male patient who attended the Internal Medicine consultation at the La Fortaleza Integral Diagnostic Center in Maracaibo, Zulia State, Venezuela because of decreased external genitalia size, with poor development from childhood and swelling of the breasts is presented. Physical examination showed a trunk of feminoid configuration caused by adipose tissue accumulated in the lower abdomen, breast and pubic; wide pelvis; lower limb dominance over higher limbs; enucoid proportions; volume diffusely  increased in both breasts (gynecomastia; deposit of fatty tissue at the pelvic girdle, and absent or sparse facial, axillary and pubic hair. We observed decreased size, poor pigmentation, and soft consistency in penis and testicles. Exam was performed on plasma testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone, thus concluding, by the Endocrinology Service at the Maracaibo University Hospital, to be the case of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism of improvable cause. The clinical diagnosis of hypogonadism in adults is unusual in medical practice, a fact that provides with relevance the case we present.

  6. [Bouveret's syndrome; a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Báez-García, J J; Martínez-Hernández-Magro, P; Iriarte-Gállego, G

    2009-01-01

    To present a rare case of duodenal obstruction caused by an impacted gallstone(Bouveret s syndrome) and discusses the best therapeutic option for its resolution. Bouveret's syndrome is the less common presentation of a gallstone ileus. This syndrome is rare and predominates in elderly women; the main symptoms are nausea, vomiting, and epigastric pain, and sometimes hematoemesis, mimicking a pyloric stenosis. Diagnosis is made by endoscopy. Endoscopic lithotripsy must be the first-line treatment however surgery is indicated in case of failure or complication during the procedure. Morbidity and mortality rates are high. We present a 75 years old, female patient, with history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. With 15 days of nausea, vomiting,loss of appetite and abdominal pain, with secondary dehydration and bad general conditions. She was subjected to an endoscopy and a duodenal obstruction by a large gallstone was founded,the endoscopic attempts to extract the gallstone were unsuccessful and surgery was performed with a dudenotomy and two layer closure with good outcome. The patient was discharged on the 8th postoperative day. Bouveret's syndrome is a rare variety of a gallstone ileus and must be considered like differential diagnosis in cases of gastric outlet obstruction.

  7. ACUTE HEPATITIS E: CASE REPORT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-07-07

    Jul 7, 2011 ... based on a positive widal test for Salmonella Typhi. Two malaria slides done. There reported negative. There was no improvement in symptoms after three days of taking. Ciprofloxacin so he travelled to Kenya for ... suggested as reservoirs causing zoonotic transmission. (2). Parenteral transmission by ...

  8. NUTRITIONAL OSTEOMALACIA: A CASE REPORT*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cia is more amenable to treatment than osteoporosis, e the importance of establishing the correct diagnosis. be many causes of osteomalacia, pure nutritional. ,malacia, the adult counterpart of vitamin-D-sensitive ts, is reported in a current textbook of endocrinology'. ~ing extremely rare. However, in the British medical.

  9. Neurocutaneous Melanosis: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Yoon Nae; Jeong, Hae Woong; In, Hyun Sin [Dept. of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of a large or multiple congenital melanocytic nevus with proliferation of melanocytes in the central nervous system. The prognosis of neurocutaneous melanosis is extremely poor and its diagnostic approach requires understanding its brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. We report a patient with asymptomatic neurocutaneous melanosis and its radiologic findings.

  10. Primary acalvaria: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rios, Livia Teresa Moreira; Martins, Marilia da Gloria; Simoes, Vanda Maria Ferreira; Nunes, Marynea do Vale; Marques, Patricia Franco; Godoy, Silvia Helena Cavalcante de Souza

    2010-01-01

    Acalvaria is a rare congenital malformation of unknown pathogenesis characterized by the absence of the flat bones of the cranial vault, dura mater and associated muscles, while the central nervous system is usually preserved. The most accepted physiopathogenic theory suggests the presence of a post neurulation defect with normal placement the embryonic ectoderm. The present report describes neonatal imaging findings of primary acalvaria. (author)

  11. Primary acalvaria: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rios, Livia Teresa Moreira, E-mail: ltlrios@terra.com.b [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Sao Luis, MA (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Unidade de Diagnostico por Imagem; Martins, Marilia da Gloria [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Sao Luis, MA (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Servico de Ginecologia e Obstetricia; Simoes, Vanda Maria Ferreira; Nunes, Marynea do Vale; Marques, Patricia Franco; Godoy, Silvia Helena Cavalcante de Souza [Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Sao Luis, MA (Brazil). Hospital Universitario. Servico de Neonatologia

    2010-07-15

    Acalvaria is a rare congenital malformation of unknown pathogenesis characterized by the absence of the flat bones of the cranial vault, dura mater and associated muscles, while the central nervous system is usually preserved. The most accepted physiopathogenic theory suggests the presence of a post neurulation defect with normal placement the embryonic ectoderm. The present report describes neonatal imaging findings of primary acalvaria. (author)

  12. Case report 511: Fibroblastic rheumatism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hernandez, R.J.; Martel, W.; Headington, J.T.; Kaufman, R.A.; Cincinnati Univ., OH

    1989-01-01

    We report a ten-year-old child with the newly described entity of fibroblastic rheumatism. This child developed rapid, progressive, symmetrical polyarthritis, similar to the radiographic appearance of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, except for the rapidity of progression. The polyarthritis was preceded by the development of skin nodules with characteristic histological changes. (orig./GDG)

  13. Atlantooccipital dislocation: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, M J; Elliott, J L; Nichols, J

    1995-03-01

    We report on a child who suffered an atlantooccipital dislocation and survived. The patient required tracheostomy and feeding gastrostomy due to retropharyngeal swelling from a traumatic pseudomeningocele. He later underwent fusion of his occiput to C3. The complications of such an injury and the anesthetic management are discussed.

  14. Medial subtalar dislocation: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manojlović Radovan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Subtalar dislocation (SI is a term that refers to an injury in which there is dislocation of the talonavicular and talocalcanear joint, although the tibiotalar joint is intact. Case Outline. A case of medial subtalar dislocation as a result of basketball injury, so-called 'basketball foot', is presented. Closed reposition in i.v. anaesthesia was performed with the patient in supine position and a knee flexed at 90 degrees. Longitudinal manual traction in line of deformity was carried out in plantar flexion. The reposition continued with abduction and eversion simultaneously increasing dorsiflexion. It was made in the first attempt and completed instantly. Rehabilitation was initiated after 5 weeks of immobilization. One year after the injury, the functional outcome was excellent with full range of motion and the patient was symptom-free. For better interpretation of roentgenogram, bone model of subtalar dislocation was made using the cadaver bone. Conclusion. Although the treatment of such injury is usually successful, diagnosis can be difficult because it is a rare injury, and moreover, X-ray of the injury can be confusing due to superposition of bones. Radiograms revealed superposition of the calcaneus, tarsal and metatarsal bones which was radiographically visualized in the anterior-posterior projection as one osseous block inward from the talus, and on the lateral view as in an osteal block below the tibial bone. Prompt recognition of these injuries followed by proper, delicately closed reduction under anaesthesia is crucial for achieving a good functional result in case of medial subtalar dislocation.

  15. Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatic Cysts : Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Ye Ri; Kim, Pyo Nyun

    2005-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation has been frequently performed on intra-hepatic solid tumor, namely, hepatocellular carcinoma, metastatic tumor and cholangio carcinoma, for take the cure. But, the reports of radiofrequency ablation for intrahepatic simple cysts are few. In vitro experiment of animal and in vivo treatment for intrahepatic cysts of human had been reported in rare cases. We report 4 cases of radiofrequency ablation for symptomatic intrahepatic cysts

  16. Acute hypersensitivity to mannitol: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siahaan, A. M.; Fithrie, A.

    2018-03-01

    Mannitol is an osmotic diuretic agent that has been considered a main therapeutic option in cerebral edema for the past several decades. The most common adverse effect reported is acute kidney injury and electrolyte imbalance. Hypersensitivity associated with mannitol is not a usual finding. Here we describe a case of a traumatic brain injury patient who had a hypersensitivity reaction to mannitol. It is the first reported case report about hypersensitivity to Mannitol in Indonesia.

  17. Primary hemangiopericytoma of the lung: Case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seong, Hyun Lim; Yang, Jae Beom; Park, Chan Sup; Park, Yang Hee; Lee, Sang Seun

    1990-01-01

    Hemangiopericytoma may occur at any age and can arise in almost any part of the body, but seldom in the lung. Since the first report by Stout, around fifty cases of primary hemangiopericytoma of the lung have been reported in English literature journal up to 1987. We report a case of primary pulmonary hemangiopericytoma in a 19 year old man which manifest as a solitary nodule

  18. Case report: Primary aortosigmoid fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khalaf, Chirin; Houlind, Kim Christian

    2017-01-01

    : Aortoenteric fistulas are more common secondary to previous vascular surgery of aorta, however, PAEF’s involve the sigmoid in only 2 %. Fistulization can be due to diverticulitis and can be difficult to diagnose. CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal bleeding from the left iliac artery is more common due to a ruptured...... aneurism. This case, however, demonstrates a special PAEF formation as a very rare complication of diverticulitis. The pathophysiology of the PAEF is very unique along with the anatomic localization in the sigmoid colon and left external iliac artery....

  19. Supernumerary teeth "mesiodens". Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itro, A; Difalco, P

    2003-09-01

    The supernumerary tooth is an anomaly of dental eruption that is not rare to find in the clinical practice. Among the supernumerary teeth the "mesiodens" is most frequent. The mesiodens is found in the region of the superior central incisors and it can be the cause of many complications. The aim of this work is the description of a rare symptomatic case of mesiodens and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to adopt when this dental anomaly occurs. In particular the authors suggest making radiographic examinations only in the family of patients with dental anomalies of number, thinking that the incidence of such anomalies is too low to justify mass radiographic examinations.

  20. Relapsing Polychondritis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meltem Türkmen

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A 60-year-old man presented with a seven-month history of recurrent swelling, pain and warmth of bilateral ears and a four month history of coughing, tenderness over trachea. Dermatological examination revealed redness, swelling and tenderness of the cartilaginous portion of the ears. A biopsy showed perichondrial lymphocytes and neutrophilic infiltration and fibrosis. According to clinical, histological and radyologic findings, he was diagnosed as “relapsing polychondritis”. Relapsing polychondritis is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by recurrent inflamation of articular and non-articular cartilaginous tissue. Antibodies to type II collagen in cartilage are found. Here, a case of relapsing polychondritis

  1. Dress Syndrome - A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kremić Zorana

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS syndrome is an adverse drug-induced reaction that occurs most commonly after exposure to drugs, most frequently anticonvulsants, sulfa derivates, antidepressants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and antimicrobials. We present a 61-year-old male, with a generalized maculopapular exanthema on the trunk, face, extremities, palms, soles, palate, and fever (38°C. His medical history was notable for generalized epilepsy, treated with carbamazepine during 1 month. The diagnosis of DRESS syndrome was confirmed by specific RegiSCAR criteria. In our case, skin eruptions were successfully treated with oral methylprednisolone, cephalexin, and topical corticosteroid ointment.

  2. Bladder Diverticulitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Silberman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Bladder diverticulum, an outpouching of the mucosa through the muscular wall of the bladder, is a multifactorial disease process that can be either acquired or congenital. Although small diverticuli are usually asymptomatic, a large diverticulum may result in hematuria, urinary tract infection, acute abdomen due to its rupture, acute urinary retention, or neoplasm formation. We describe the case of an elderly gentleman who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and was ultimately diagnosed with bladder diverticulitis, a disease not previously described in the literature.

  3. FELINE AORTIC THROMBOEMBOLISM: CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Figueroa A., Lizbeth; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.; Paz M., Ricardo; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.; Díaz C., Diego; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.; Dávila F., Roberto; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.

    2014-01-01

    Se presenta el caso de un felino Siamés de 13 años con tromboembolismo aórtico. Esta es una complicación asociada a una cardiomiopatía hipertrófica (CMH), enfermedad cardiaca más común del gato y que se caracteriza por la hipertrofia concéntrica ventricular izquierda. A case of a 13 year old Siamese cat whit feline aortic thromboembolism is presented. This is a devastating complication associated to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), one of the most common heart disease in cats characteriz...

  4. Cherubism: Report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Elias Kuruvilla

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cherubism is an uncommon fibro-osseous disorder of the jaw that presents with varying degrees of involvement and tendency towards spontaneous remission. Children are normal at birth and the expanding jaw is noticed within the first year of life becoming progressively larger until the beginning of adolescence. Lesions are characterized by replacement of bone with fibrovascular tissue containing abundant multinucleated giant cells. Here, we describe a case of cherubism in a 4-year-old child with swelling on both sides of mandible with clinic radiographic features and suggestions for therapy.

  5. Cutaneous actinomycosis. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Wasyłyszyn

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A 27 year old patient presented a swollen lesion in the right mandibular area. Prior to the visit the patient was diagnosed with acne and was treated for 6 consecutive months with oral limecycline with no positive response. During the visit the cervicofacial actinomycosis was diagnosed and the patient was administered treatment containing oral amoxycilin plus clavulanic acid among others. The skin lesion disappeared within three weeks. The authors discuss this case in spite of diagnostic difficulties of this uncommon condition, especially while differentiating from acne conglobata.

  6. Ophtalmomyiasis externa: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah ilhan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Infestations of ocular tissues caused by myias larvae is called ophthalmomyiasis It and #8217;s commonly seen in warm climates and places where close contact to farm animals is possible. Twenty one years old male patient applied with complaint of redness and excessive lacrimation. During biomicroscopic examination a mobile larvae was seen in the inferior fornix. Ocular signs and symptoms diminished after removal of larva and irrigation followed by topical antibiotherapy. This rare case demonstrates that lack of sanitation may lead ophthalmomyiasis and that puts emphasis on the importance of preventive medicine once again. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(2.000: 177-180

  7. Atypical pityriasis versicolor case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zonunsanga

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Pityriasis versicolor is a superficial fungal infection caused by mycelial form of Malassezia spp, which is confined to stratum corneum. It usually present in the trunk as either hypo or hyperpigmented, aymptomatic, round to oval macules of varying sizes, which may merged to form geographic shape. Diagnosis is usually done clinically, or KOH examination which shows typical spagetti and meat balls appearances, or even by wood’s lamp which shows orange to yellow fluorescence. The case series had been recording in between 2012 to 2013. Within that period, we had recorded 32 cases. All the patients which we had recorded presented with multiple, asymptomatic macules of small sizes varying from 1-2 cm in diameter to 3-4mm in diameter, usually round to oval, hypopigmented, non scaly lesions. 26 patients had lesions on forearms, 3 patients had lesions on dorsa of hands bilaterally, 3 patients had similar kind of lesions on thigh. Besnier’s test was positive in 14 (43.75% patients. KOH examinations showed fungal hyphae in 14 (33.33% patients with typical spagetti and meat balls appearances in 9 (8.13% patients. All of them were given and all of them got response and healed within 2-4 months.

  8. Abernethy malformation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pathak Ashish

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Abernethy malformation is a very rare congenital vascular malformation defined by diversion of portal blood away from liver. It is commonly associated with multiple congenital anomalies. We present a case of Abernethy malformation, without associated congenital anomalies from India. Case presentation A 5-year-old female child presented with short history of jaundice. A provisional diagnosis of acute viral hepatitis was made in view of clinical presentation and local endemicity of viral hepatitis A. Persistence of jaundice on follow up after 4 weeks led to detailed investigations. Ultrasound and doppler study of abdomen revealed drainage of portal vein into inferior vena cava. CT angiography was performed which confirmed the diagnosis of Type 1 b Abernethy malformation without associated major anomalies. We discuss the common clinical presentations, associated anomalies, diagnostic workup and treatment options of this disorder. Conclusion The treatment of the patients with congenital porto-systemic shunts depends on the site of the shunt, associated congenital anomalies and the extent of liver damage but the prognosis depends on the complications irrespective of anatomical type. However, the extent of associated abnormalities should not deter paediatricians to refer patients for treatment. Whenever possible closure of the shunt should be advised for cure or to prevent complications. Only symptomatic type I patients with absence of possibility to close the shunt may require liver transplant. Long-term follow-up is indicated for all patients.

  9. A case report of Thymolipoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamali Zavarei M

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available A 30 years old female presented with dyspenea, tachycardia and post sternal pain of one year ago in ECG and echocardiography pericardial effusion is suggested there was a large mass M.20×12×5 cm in mediastinum in thymic zone and thymus was not present. The mass was well circumbscribed and encapsulated without invasion to other viscera. The pathology reported as a thymolipoma

  10. Heterotaxy syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel de Souza Carneiro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present report describes the findings at chest computed tomography angiography of a 28-year-old female patient with heterotaxy syndrome. This syndrome consists of a variety of anomalies of position and morphology of thoracoabdominal organs which do not follow the situs solitus or situs inversus arrangement. Imaging studies play a fundamental role in the individualization of the approach to the patient.

  11. Condylar hyperplasia - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gowri P Bhandarkar

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Condylar hyperplasia is a rare malformation of non neoplastic origin, wherein the size and morphology of one of the two mandibular condyles is affected. It is reported as a self limiting process that is generally seen in patients between age group of 11 to 30 years. It appears as an acceleration of growth in young patients which arises at the same time of physiological condylar growth or as an unpredictable growth spurt in adult.

  12. Bruck syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Дмитрий Степанович Буклаев

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the clinical case of an infant with Bruck syndrome. The clinical and radiological analyses showed the presence of systemic osteoporosis with pathological fractures; contractures of the elbow, knee, and ankle joints; delay of physical and motor development; and signs of hypoplasia in some of the muscle groups. There was also a right-sided congenital muscular torticollis. X-ray analysis revealed a moderate antecurvation deformity of the lower legs and femurs, with cortical thinning. Laboratory data detected an abnormal beta-cross lap increase.Treatment of osteoporosis by inhibitors of osteoclastic resorption (pamidronate had a positive effect, and the elimination of flexion contractures at the elbow using plaster bandages with the distraction device also resulted in a positive effect.

  13. Primary intracerebral lymphoma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olcay Eser

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of primary central nervous lymphoma (PCNSL that may be confused with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings of high grade glioma. Primary central nervous lymphoma is a rare tumour and it account for 0.3-3% of intracranial tumours. A 61 year’s old woman was admitted to our clinic with a severe headache, vomiting, left hemiparesia and transient loss of consciousness. Primary central nervous lymphoma may show various biological and radiological characteristics. We herein emphasized being confused with MRI findings of PCNSL and high grade glioma. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 409-411Key words: Primary central nervous lymphoma, high grade glioma, B-cell, diagnosis

  14. Recurrent impetigo herpetiformis: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wamalwa, Emmanuel Wekesa

    2017-01-01

    Impetigo herpetiformis (pustular psoriasis of pregnancy) is a rare dermatosis of pregnancy that typically starts in the 2 nd half of pregnancy and resolves postpartum. It may recur in subsequent pregnancies. I present a case of 23 year old female gravida 4 para 3 with recurrent impetigo herpetiformis at 26 weeks gestation. She presented with a one month history of pustular lesions which responded to treatment with prednisone. She delivered at term with a favourable outcome. The disease resolved one month postpartum. This was the second recurrence of the disease. She had her first episode of impetigo herpetiformis during the second pregnancy. The disease recurred in the 3 rd pregnancy and resulted in a still birth.

  15. [Ocular toxocariasis--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraru, Andreea; Panfil, Madălina; Totolici, Geanina; Brănişteanu, Daniel; Costin, Dănut; Schmitzer, Speranţa

    2014-01-01

    Ocular Toxocariasis is a parasitosis caused by Toxocara catis/canis larvae localized in the eye. The most frequent clinical manifestations are the central retinal granuloma, peripheral retinal granuloma and chronic endophthalmitis. Secondary complications due to the presence of parasite in the posterior segment of the eye may have significant consequences on visual function. We present the case of a 23 years old patient, admitted for progressive decrease of the right eye BCVA during the last 6 months. After performing clinical examination and serological tests we established the diagnosis of ocular Toxocariasis. The patient presented a particular form of the disease consisting in the presence of both a central retinal granuloma and a peripheral one. We performed 23G pars plana vitrectomy and membrane peeling. VA improved as soon as the first month after surgery.

  16. Penis cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Sampalmieri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penis cancer appears as a small lesion that extends gradually to affect the whole of the glans and the shaft of the penis. Its peak incidence is in men aged 40 to 70 years. The most frequent malignant penis tumour is squamous cell carcinoma, which occurrence is probably favoured by smegma accumulation, HPV16 and 18 infection, smoke, and balanitis xerotica obliterans. Here we discuss the case of a 74-year-old man with sovrapubic pain and swelling. Physical examination reveals swollen glans with purulent secretions and oedema. The final diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma is established by means of RMN and biopsy. Partial penectomy surgery follows. Histopathological examination shows poorly differentiated endophytic infiltrative growth. The tumour infiltrates corpus spongiosum, corpora cavernosa, and urethra. The proximal uretheral stump is free from infiltration (pT3.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/cmi.v8i2.906 

  17. Infantile Amoebiasis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Zibaei

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Amoebiasis continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries. Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly observed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world including Iran. In developed countries Entamoeba histolytica infections are commonly seen in travelers, recent immigrants, homosexual men, and inmates of institutions. The disease is more severe in the two extremes of life. This paper paper describes a four-month-old male infant with Entamoeba histolytica presenting initially with refusal of feeds, hyperactive bowel sound, vomiting, and diarrhea. A fecal sample was positive for Entamoeba histolytica by Lugol's iodine solution and the concentration technique. He was successfully treated with metronidazole for 5 days. This case illustrates that Entamoeba species could be pathogenic in young infant; therefore, awareness of the infection, aggressive approach to diagnosis, and early initiation of treatment continue to be critical component of infection control.

  18. Radix Entomolaris: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Movassagh

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction During endodontic treatment the variety of mandibular sectorial in the form of an extra lingual (radix entomolaris or buccal root (radix paramolaris can often cause difficulties. In other words, awareness and understanding of this unusual root, and its canal morphology, are factors that can affect the outcome of root canal treatment. Case Presentation A 30-year-old male patient with a history of severe, throbbing, constant pain in the lower mandibular molars was referred to the department of endodontics of Hamedan Dental university. The patient’s medical history was noncontributory. The buccal object rule (same-lingual opposite-buccal technique confirmed the additional root as a distolingual root (radix entomolaris. Following the evaluation of vitality tests, we began endodontic treatment for this patient, after administration of local anesthesia using 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine (Daroupakhsh, Tehran, Iran and rubber dam isolation. The working length was determined by a Root ZX apex locator (Dentaport ZX, J Morita and later confirmed by parallel periapical radiograph. Canals were shaped in a crown down fashion with Protaper Nickel Titanium rotary instruments (Dentsply, Maillefer under copious irrigation with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and lubrication with RC-Prep. After drying the canals with paper points, the master gutta-percha points were fitted within the canals and confirmation radiography was taken. The root canal system was obturated with the cold lateral compaction technique. Conclusions This case is about a mandibular molar with radix entomolaris and the radiographic exploration and endodontic order. Clinicians should be aware of these unusual root morphologies in the mandibular molars. The initial diagnosis of a radix entomolaris or paramolaris before root canal treatment is important to facilitate the endodontic procedure.

  19. Delayed Reimplantation: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Harris, Anoop; Reshmi, J; George, Sageena; Issac, Jyothi Sumi

    2014-01-01

    A 12-year-old boy reported to the clinic with a history of trauma, whereas playing 1 day before. On examination it was noted that the patient had an avulsed tooth in relation to 11, Class III fracture in relation to 12 and Class II fracture in relation to 21. The avulsed tooth was brought by the patient wrapped in a newspaper. Although the tooth was in highly unfavorable storage condition, it was decided to reimplant the teeth since the patient was young and to relieve him from psychological,...

  20. Gastric Schwannoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Shariat-Torbaghan

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors are a group of tumors originating from the mesenchymal stem cells of the GI tract. Digestive tract Schwannomas are rare mesenchymal tumors which occur most frequently in the stomach.We report a 56-yearold woman who was examined endoscopically for dyspepsia which she had suffered from since 3 years ago.Around gastric antral mass was seen.Surgical resection was recommended.The pathological examination revealed a spindle cell tumor that was strongly positive for S-100 protein stain and non-reactive for other markers.The literature is reviewed. 

  1. CASE REPORT CASE CASE Conned by Conn's syndrome

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-01-08

    Jan 8, 2008 ... ing of the aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) can prove challenging but is nonetheless very important for surgical planning and cure. We present two patients with MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) confirma- tion of APA with negative and equivocal CT (computed tomography) scans. Case 1.

  2. Acute pancreatitis following medical abortion: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amini Hashem

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute pancreatitis rarely complicates pregnancy. Although most pregnant women with acute pancreatitis have associated gallstones, less common causes such as drugs have been reported. Case presentation We report the case of a 34-year-old woman who underwent medical abortion with mifepristone and gemeprost and received codeine as pain-relief during the induction of abortion. She developed a severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis which required 14 days of intensive care. Other possible etiological factors, i.e. gallstone, alcohol intake and hyperlipidemia, were excluded. Conclusions The reported case of acute pancreatitis was most likely drug-induced.

  3. Atypical diabetic ketoacidosis: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirci, Hüseyin; Coşar, Ramazan; Çiftçi, Özcan; Sarı, Işılay Kalan

    2015-01-01

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus and can lead to death if untreated. It is a complex metabolic state characterised by hyperglycaemia, acidosis and ketonuria. Bonsai is one of the herbal incense products that contains synthetic cannabinoid and can be easily accessible via the internet in many countries. It cannot be detected in blood and urine studies using conventional methods. Synthetic cannabinoid abuse is associated with severe side effects, including tachycardia, high blood pressure, acidosis, excess sedation and coma. A 17-year-old male patient was brought to the emergency department with sudden onset of dyspnoea. Laboratory investigations revealed hyperglycaemia, acidosis and ketonuria. He was admitted to the intensive care unit with a diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. He was not considered a typical case of diabetic ketoacidosis because of the tendency to hypokalaemia, persistent tachycardia and bronchoscopic findings. We learned from his friends that he had used cannabis for a week and used bonzai on the day that he was brought to the emergency service. Diabetic ketoacidosis with prolonged acidosis and tendency to hypokalaemia are investigated for the consumption of synthetic cannabinoids.

  4. Primary pachydermoperiostosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thappa, D M; Sethuraman, G; Kumar, G R; Elangovan, S

    2000-02-01

    Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP), a rare genodermatosis, occurred in a 38-year-old Indian male. He presented with progressive thickening of the skin on the face and scalp of 15 years duration. Widening of his wrists and ankles and broadening of the fingers and toes had also developed since then. He was born of a consanguineous marriage and had no family history of a similar disorder. He had the typical findings of complete form of PDP including cutis verticis gyrata, coarse facial features, clubbing of the digits in the skin, and periostosis and cortical thickening at the distal ends of long bones of the extremities and small bones of the hands and feet. PDP has two different forms--primary and secondary. These two entities are differentiated by family history and presence or absence of a primary lesion, usually in the lungs. Clinically, in secondary PDP, the cutaneous findings (pachydermia, seborrhoea, oiliness) are less severe than primary PDP; osteoarthropathy is more severe and painful in secondary PDP, especially with congenital heart disease. The present case was suffering from primary PDP that had expressed itself in its complete form.

  5. Congenital prosopagnosia: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rizek Schultz

    Full Text Available Abstract Prosopagnosia is a visual agnosia characterized by an inability to recognize previously known human faces and to learn new faces. The aim of this study was to present a forty-six year-old woman with congenital prosopagnosia, and to discuss the neural bases of perception and recognition of faces. The patients had a lifetime impairment in recognizing faces of family members, close friends, and even her own face in photos. She also had impairment in recognizing animals such as discriminating between cats and dogs. The patient's basic visual skills showed impairment in identifying and recognizing the animal form perception on the coding subtest of the WAIS-R, recognizing overlapping pictures (Luria, and in identifying silhouettes depicting animals and objects (VOSP. Unconventional tests using pictures evidenced impairment in her capacity to identify famous faces, facial emotions and animals. Her face perception abilities were preserved, but recognition could not take place. Therefore, it appears that the agnosia in this case best fits the group of categories termed "associative".

  6. Gastric schwannoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayfa Romdhane

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Schwannomas are generally benign, slow growing tumors. They are rarely observed in the gastrointestinal tract with the most common site being the stomach. These tumors are usually asymptomatic. The preoperative diagnosis via endoscopy is a challenging issue due to the difficulty of differentiation from other submucosal tumors. A 54-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain persisting for the last 10 months. Upper endoscopy revealed an elevated submucosal mass of the gastric antrum. The overlying mucosa was normal. Biopsy specimens yielded only unspecific signs of mild inactive chronic inflammation. Endoscopic ultrasound examination noted a hypoechoic homogeneous mass lesion located in the gastric antrum. The mass appeared to arise from the muscularis propria, and there was no perigastric lymphadenopathy. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan identified a homogeneous round mass and arising from the antrum of the stomach. Submucosal tumor was suspected and surgical intervention was recommended. The patient underwent an elective laparoscopic partial gastrectomy. The histopathologic features and immunohistochemical-staining pattern were consistent with a benign gastric schwannoma. Our patient shows no recurrence with a follow-up of one year. The definitive diagnosis of gastric schwannomas requires immunohistochemical studies. Complete margin negative surgical resection, as in this case, is the curative treatment of choice. The clinical course is generally benign.

  7. Gastric Schwannoma: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romdhane, Hayfa; Cheikh, Myriam; Mzoughi, Zeineb; Slama, Sana Ben; Ennaifer, Rym; Belhadj, Najet

    2016-10-24

    Schwannomas are generally benign, slow growing tumors. They are rarely observed in the gastrointestinal tract with the most common site being the stomach. These tumors are usually asymptomatic. The preoperative diagnosis via endoscopy is a challenging issue due to the difficulty of differentiation from other submucosal tumors. A 54-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain persisting for the last 10 months. Upper endoscopy revealed an elevated submucosal mass of the gastric antrum. The overlying mucosa was normal. Biopsy specimens yielded only unspecific signs of mild inactive chronic inflammation. Endoscopic ultrasound examination noted a hypoechoic homogeneous mass lesion located in the gastric antrum. The mass appeared to arise from the muscularis propria, and there was no perigastric lymphadenopathy. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan identified a homogeneous round mass and arising from the antrum of the stomach. Submucosal tumor was suspected and surgical intervention was recommended. The patient underwent an elective laparoscopic partial gastrectomy. The histopathologic features and immunohistochemical-staining pattern were consistent with a benign gastric schwannoma. Our patient shows no recurrence with a follow-up of one year. The definitive diagnosis of gastric schwannomas requires immunohistochemical studies. Complete margin negative surgical resection, as in this case, is the curative treatment of choice. The clinical course is generally benign.

  8. Nebivolol Induced Hyperkalemia: Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altabas, Karmela; Altabas, Velimir; Gulin, Tonko

    2016-12-01

    In this article, we document a conclusive case of nebivolol-induced hyperkalemia for the first time in the known medical literature. Hyperkalemia is associated with serious conditions such as cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Nebivolol was not known to cause hyperkalemia, and this event is not listed in its summary of product characteristics (SmPC). For older beta blockers, hyperkalemia is recognized as a rare adverse event linked to cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) polymorphism and poor drug degradation. Our patient, a 47-year-old woman taking nebivolol for hypertension developed persistent hyperkalemia, with serum potassium levels up to 6.4 mmol/L. After extensive diagnostic evaluation and exclusion of other known conditions leading to hyperkalemia, its cause remained occult. Since hyperkalemia coincided with increased doses of nebivolol, dose reduction and discontinuation were attempted, resulting in normalized serum potassium. Poor drug metabolism could not explain this adverse effect, since pharmacogenetic testing showed no relevant aberrations. In conclusion, hyperkalemia is a harmful adverse event with possible lethal outcome, and it may be caused by nebivolol. Therefore, medical professionals have to be aware of this side effect and hyperkalemia should be listed as an adverse event in nebivolol SmPC.

  9. Dentinogenesis imperfecta: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramaniam P

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Dentinogenesis imperfecta is an autosomal dominant disorder of tooth development characterized by the presence of opalescent dentin, resulting in a dusky blue to brownish discoloration of the teeth. This condition is genetically and clinically heterogeneous; it may affect only the teeth or it may be associated with the osteogenesis imperfecta. Dentinogenesis imperfecta has been subdivided into three types: type I is associated with osteogenesis imperfecta; in type II there is no associated osteogenesis imperfecta; and when the condition is associated with the Brandywine triracial isolate and large pulp chambers it is classified as type III. This report describes a 16-year-old female patient who showed the characteristic dental features of dentinogenesis imperfecta type II. The etiology and prevalence of the disorder, and a comprehensive treatment plan, will be briefly reviewed.

  10. International or national publication of case reports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundh, Andreas; Christensen, Mikkel; Jørgensen, Anders W

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Case reports are often regarded as second-class research, but are an important part of medical science as they often present first evidence of new discoveries. We here describe the type of case reports published in a Danish general medical journal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included...... (72%) of speciality relevance. The median number of authors was three (range: 1-7). The first author was a non-specialist physician in 119 (86%) of the reports and the last author a specialist in 103 (78%). A total of 124 (89%) reports had an educational role, six (4%) dealt with new diseases, two (1......%) with new side effects, three (2%) with new mechanisms and four (3%) were curiosities. A total of 59 (42%) reports were surgical, 64 (46%) non-surgical and 16 (12%) paraclinical. CONCLUSION: We found that most case reports published in Ugeskrift for Laeger were of speciality relevance and had an educational...

  11. Subtalar Coalition: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CG Chua

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Subtalar coalition is an uncommon condition that usually manifests in early adolescence(1. Frequently, this condition is missed. Delayed diagnosis may result in osteoarthritis requiring triple arthrodesis. Here, we report two patients with subtalar coalition. The first patient is a 12 year old boy who presented with right ankle pain for one year and was treated with excision of the coalition and bone wax insertion at the excision site. We followed up the patient for two years and the result was excellent with full range of movement of his right ankle and subtalar joint attained within two months. He returned to athletic activity by six months and was discharged with no complications after two years. The second patient is a 15 year old girl who presented with bilateral ankle pain and swelling for three years and was treated with excision of the coalition and subtalar interpositional arthroplasty bilaterally. She defaulted follow up after seven months as she was very satisfied with the result. We wish to highlight this condition which may be misdiagnosed as flexible flat foot or ankle sprain.

  12. [Chronic appendicitis. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel-Jarquín, Alvaro José; Gómez-Conde, Eduardo; Reyes-Páramo, Pedro; Romero-Briones, Carlos; Mendoza-García, Aurelio Valentín; García-Ramírez, Ulises Noel

    2008-01-01

    The term chronic appendicitis has been used to describe any type of chronic pain that originates in the appendix, with or without inflammation. This broad category can be divided more specifically into: chronic or recurrent appendicitis and appendiceal colic pain. a 41-year-old female, suffering intestinal chronic constipation, abdominal pain, nausea, hiporexia and febricula, treated with antibiotics, vermifuges, analgesics and antispasmodics, showing a slight and partial improvement. She was suffering chronic pain in lower abdomen, mostly on the right side along a year. With these symptoms, she underwent an exploratory laparotomy, that showed chronic appendicitis. Appendix had been removed. The histopathological report corresponded to chronic appendicitis. the histopathological characteristics and the clinical manifestations of the chronic appendicitis are different from those of acute appendicitis. Criteria for chronic appendicitis include: symptoms lasting longer than 4 weeks, confirmation of chronic swelling through histopathological examination, improvement of symptoms after appendectomy. The ultrasonic images, the barium enema and the computerized helicoidal tomography could be suggestive for its diagnosis.

  13. [Supratentorial endodermal cyst. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbizu, J M; Mateo-Sierra, O; Iza, B; Ruiz-Juretschke, F; Pérez-Calvo, J M

    2009-08-01

    Endodermal cysts (EC) of the central nervous system are very uncommon lesions predominantly located in the spinal canal. Although rare, intracranial EC have been mainly described in the posterior fossa, with the supratentorial location considered exceptional. Apart from the low frequency of these lesions, their pathoembriology still remais unknown. We report a patient with a huge frontal EC and review the literature. A 62-year-old man presented with abnormal behaviour, disorientation and decreased level of consciousness after moderate head injury. Initial cranial CT scan revealed a large cyst in the left frontal region with marked midline shift. Emergency puncture and decompression of the cyst demonstrated a milky fluid with high protein levels. Cranial MRI after patient improvement confirmed the existence of the cystic lesion with less mass effect. Delayed surgery was performed with craniotomy and total removal of the cyst. Pathological examination confirmed the presence of a typical EC. Patient made a complete recovery on follow-up with no recurrence on postoperative MRIs. Differential diagnosis of EC based on radiological data is quite difficult. As aggresive behaviour of this condition has been described following incomplete resections, the treatment of choice is a radical removal of the cyst in one or two stages depending on patient clinical condition.

  14. Reattachment techniques - Few case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin Shah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior crown fractures are a common form of injury that mainly affects children and adolescents. In the pre-adhesive era fractured teeth needed to be restored either with pin-retained inlays or cast restorations that sacrificed healthy tooth structure. Achieving aesthetic requirements were also a challenge for the clinicians. The development of adhesive dentistry has allowed dentists to use the broken fragment to restore the fractured tooth. The acid etch adhesive technique may be used to restore function and esthetics of fractured anterior teeth. Reattachment of the fractured segment offers some advantages over composite restorations. The original enamel translucency is maintained, and the incisal edge will wear at the same rate as the adjacent teeth. Esthetic, biologic and restorative problems may occur as a result of the fracture extending subgingivally and impinging on the biologic width. The treatment options depend on the relationship of the fracture to the alveolar crest, degree of pulpal involvement, amount of eruption, apex formation and esthetic requirement of the patient. This article presents two clinical reports describing the treatment modalities of patients who sustained fractures of maxillary anterior teeth due to trauma.

  15. Cryptococcosis in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus : two cases : case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A. Bolton

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Cryptococcus neoformans is a yeast-like organism associated with pulmonary, meningoencephalitic, or systemic disease. This case report documents 2 cases of cryptococcosis with central nervous system involvement in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus. In both cases the predominant post mortal lesions were pulmonary cryptococcomas and extensive meningoencephalomyelitis. Both cheetahs tested negative for feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus. The organism isolated in Case 2 was classified as Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii, which is mainly associated with disease in immunocompetent hosts.

  16. Chondroblastoma of the Maxilla - A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjana Bagewadi

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Chondroblastoma of bone is an uncommon, infrequently recognized chondroid neoplasm that occurs typically at the ends of the long bones. Occurence in Craniofacial area is rare. Here we report a case of Chondroblastoma in the maxilla.

  17. The Danish National Case Study Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    This report is the Danish case study report in the EU-financed project INTERACTS, which analyses experience and expectations to the interaction between NGOs, Science Shops and universities. The report analyses potentials and barriers to NGO’s and similar civil society groups’ use of research...... and science through co-operation with Science Shops as a mediator between universities and civil society. The Danish national case study report analyses three projects carried out through the Science Shops at DTU and RUC. One case is a co-operation between two DTU students and an NGO, whom is working towards...... promoting the use of bicycles. The project addresses how different actors perceive and understand the bicycles as technology, and how this is incorporated in traffic strategies and planning. A second case is a co-operation between two DTU students and a day-care centre, aiming at investigating storage...

  18. Intrinsic endometriosis of ureter: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Myung Sun; Kim, Ho Chul; Yun, Ku Sup; Choi, Chul Soon; Bae, Sang Hoon; Kim, Sung Yong; Shin, Hyung Sik

    1995-01-01

    Endometriosis is a rare cause of an ureteral obstruction. We report a case of intrinsic ureteral endometriosis resulting in severe hydroureteronephrosis. The diagnosis of ureteral endometriosis may be considered in women with flank pain and ureteric obstruction within true pelvis

  19. Spontaneous Retropharyngeal Emphysema: A Case Report | Chi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... is a rare clinical condition in pediatric otolaryngology. The predominant symptoms are sore throat, odynophagia, dysphagia, and neck pain. Here, we report a case of spontaneous retropharyngeal emphysema. Keywords: Iatrogenic injury, retropharyngeal emphysema, spontaneous retropharyngeal emphysem, trauma ...

  20. CASE REPORT CASE CASE R Chilaiditi's syndrome demonstrated ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-11-19

    Nov 19, 2009 ... liver and diaphragm. We report here on an unusual and incidental finding of this syndrome using single photon emission computed tomography-CT. (SPECT-CT) in a patient referred for a possible inflammatory process. Gallium-67 citrate was the agent used in an attempt to localise a site of active disease.

  1. CASE REPORT CASE CASE Protein-losing enteropathy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is defined as a condition in which excess protein loss into the gastrointestinal lumen is severe enough to produce hypoproteinaemia.1 Previously reported procedures for the detection of protein loss have many limitations (such as rapid re- absorption of the radiolabel, unstable protein ...

  2. CASE REPORT CASE CASE Metastatic calcification as a result of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    failure, primary hyperparathyroidism, extensive bone malignancy, hypervitaminosis D, diffuse myelomatosis, and milk-alkali syndrome.4. Metastatic calcification may occur in the presence or absence of hyper- calcaemia and is therefore not a prerequisite. At autopsy, metastatic calcification is reported to be present in up to ...

  3. Ruptured gastroepiploic artery aneurysm: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad S. Ashrafi

    Full Text Available Introduction: Gastroepiploic artery aneurysms are extremely rare, with few reported cases in the literature. The risk of rupture however, is high and thus warrants attention. Presentation of case: Here we present a rare case of a women who presented to the emergency department in shock and was found to have a ruptured gastroepiploic artery aneurysm during surgical exploration. Suture ligation of the aneurysm was completed. Discussion: Although rare, gastroepiploic artery aneurysms have up to a 90% rate of rupture and therefore require intervention. A laparoscopic approach has been described however, in cases where rupture has occurred, urgent laparotomy and control of hemorrhage is needed. Conclusion: We describe a rare case of a ruptured gastroepiploic aneurysm that was successfully managed with urgent laparotomy and aneurysmal resection. Keywords: Gastroepiploic, Aneurysm, Hemorrhage, Case report

  4. Linear Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuko Ichinokawa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Basal cell carcinoma (BCC presents with diverse clinical features, and several morphologic and histologic variants of BCC have been reported [Sexton et al.: J Am Acad Dermatol 1990;23:1118–1126]. Linear BCC was first described as a new clinical subtype in 1985 by Lewis [Int J Dematol 1985;24:124–125]. Here, we present a case of linear BCC that we recently encountered in an elderly Japanese patient, and review other cases reported in Japan.

  5. Writing a case report in English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otanjac, Maja Ivančević; Milojević, Irina

    2015-01-01

    A well-written case report is a clear, concise and informative paper, aimed at professionals from different fields of medicine, with the clear purpose to explain what lesson is to be learnt from the experience. The aim of this paper is to suggest useful guidelines for writing a good case report. It briefly reflects different "moves"in this piece of academic writing, thus outlining the required form, as well as the four principles of good writing: clarity, honesty, reality and relevance.

  6. OSTEOID OSTEOMA IN SCAPHOID: CASE REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severo, Antônio Lourenço; de Araújo Filho, Raimundo; Puentes, Rulby; Lemos, Marcelo Barreto; Piluski, Paulo Faiad; Lech, Osvandré

    2012-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years.

  7. Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Neda Kargahi; Mahsa Kalantari; Molook Torabi-Parizi; Parisa Kalantari

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a rare, mixed odontogenic tumor that usually occurs in children and young adults with no gender predominance. Posterior mandibular region is usually involved and a painless swelling is the most common clinical feature. CASE REPORT:We here report a case of AFO in a 12-year-old girl with a complaint of a painful expansive lesion in the right posterior mandible. Radiographic examination showed a well-defined radiolucency contai...

  8. OSTEOID OSTEOMA IN SCAPHOID: CASE REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severo, Antônio Lourenço; de Araújo Filho, Raimundo; Puentes, Rulby; Lemos, Marcelo Barreto; Piluski, Paulo Faiad; Lech, Osvandré

    2015-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years. PMID:27047881

  9. Mitral valve prolapse - report of 3 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Moon Hee; Im, Chung Ki; Im, Dong Ran; Han, Man Chung; Lee, Young Woo; Seo, Jung Don [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1979-12-15

    Prolapse of mitral valve is characterized by its unique auscultatory, echocardiographic and angiographic findings and may be associated with various disease entities such as congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease and Marfan's syndrome etc. Authors report recent experience of 3 cases of prolapsed mitral valve, 2 cases associated with A.S.D. and 1 case with Marfan's syndrome.

  10. Aluminium phosphide poising: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirani, S.A.A.; Rahman, A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the case of a family in which three children were presented at Emergency Room (ER) with poisoning after the use of a pesticide at home. Initially, the cases were managed as routine cases of organophosphorus poisoning; however, the death of two children made the health team members realise that the poison's effects were delayed and devastating. Later, the compound was identified as Aluminium Phosphide (ALP), and the life of the last surviving child in the family was saved. (author)

  11. Clinical use of metal post- case report

    OpenAIRE

    Denkova, Natasa; Zlatanovska, Katerina; Kovacevska, Ivona; Nedelkova, Marija; Denkov, Nikola

    2016-01-01

    Background: Some teeth are severely mutilated because of caries or trauma. In case of an evident horizontal loss of clinical crown, most of the teeth could be unable to retain the final restoration without some additional support. Among other means, after endodontic treatment the use of endodontic posts can now be avoided in many cases. Aim:The aim of this case report was to show our management on teeth with evident loss of clinical crown from caries without set a prosthetic rehabilitation...

  12. Perianal episiotomy scar endometrioma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Wei Chiang; Kim, Kyo Nam; Kim, Soo Ah; Kim, Soon Yong [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-09-01

    Endometrioma is a common clinical condition, but cases in which an episiotomy scaris present are, however, rare: only two cases have been reported in obstetric journals, and one other in a radiologic journal. All three were in English. We encountered a case in which a solitary endometrioma was present in the perineal region beneath an episiotomy scar. An irregularly marginated hypoechoic mass was revealed by US, and a discrete homogeneous enhancing mass by CT. (author)

  13. Maxillary sinus agenesis - report of two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pierre, Jorge Henrique Arraes de Alencar; Santana, Expedito Araujo

    2000-01-01

    Agenesis or aplasia of the maxillary sinuses is an extremely rare condition, and only eight cases have been reported in the world medical literature. These malformations may arise as a result of developmental defects. Two cases of unilateral agenesis of the maxillary sinus are presented and the radiological abnormalities and the embryology are discussed. The literature is also reviewed. (author)

  14. Zoophilic recidivism in schizophrenia: a case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We present a case report which highlights the psychodynamic and contextual issues involved in zoophilic recidivism in a person with schizophrenia. The. Research and Ethical Committee of Neuropsychiatric. Hospital Aro, Abeokuta, Nigeria and the legal custodian of the patient consented to publication of the case content.

  15. Lower mesiodens: report of an unusual case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alencar, Marilia; Duarte, Danilo; Cury, Patricia; Bönecker, Marcelo

    2005-01-01

    This report describes a case of an 11 years old girl presenting a supernumerary tooth between lower central incisors. The case initially required only surgical treatment to remove the lower mesiodens. Sequentially, the patient was referred to an orthodontic therapy due to a presence of diastema.

  16. Acute Perforated Schistosomal Appendicitis: A Case Report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acute Perforated Schistosomal Appendicitis: A Case Report. AZ Mohammed, AA Yakubu, ST Edino. Abstract. Appendicitis is occasionally the first clinical manifestation of schistosomal infestation which may require treatment. A rare case of perforated schistosomal appendicitis in a 12 –year old Nigerian boy diagnosed on ...

  17. Crossed Apraxia of Speech: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, Venu; Max, Ludo

    2004-01-01

    The present study reports on the first case of crossed apraxia of speech (CAS) in a 69-year-old right-handed female (SE). The possibility of occurrence of apraxia of speech (AOS) following right hemisphere lesion is discussed in the context of known occurrences of ideomotor apraxias and acquired neurogenic stuttering in several cases with right…

  18. Case Study Report about Gender Impact Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Stine Thidemann; Agustin, Lise Rolandsen

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this national case study report is to take a closer look at the use of Gender Impact Assessments in Denmark in order to describe the Danish implementation of this specific Gender Mainstreaming method. By way of analyzing two selected cases (two law proposals put forward by The Danish...

  19. Type IIB Ileosigmoid knotting: a case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-03

    Jun 3, 2016 ... in Uganda by Burkitt in 1953; then Shepherd reported a further 92 cases of type I ileosigmoid volvulus over a period of 17 years, 6 cases of which were patients seen by him personally [1]. Ekehorn[2] and Faltin [3] tried separately to classify the knot according to the bowel involved and the arrangement.

  20. Coxiella burnetii chronic pericarditis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivić, I; Božić, I; Ledina, D

    2016-10-01

    Coxiella burnetii is capable of causing a variety of acute and chronic infections. We present a case of pericarditis with serologically confirmed chronic C. burnetii infection. This case report emphasises the justification of serological testing for chronic C. burnetii infection in patients with prolonged or recurrent pericarditis, particularly in countries endemic for C. burnetii infection.

  1. International or national publication of case reports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundh, Andreas; Christensen, Mikkel; Jørgensen, Anders W

    2011-01-01

    %) with new side effects, three (2%) with new mechanisms and four (3%) were curiosities. A total of 59 (42%) reports were surgical, 64 (46%) non-surgical and 16 (12%) paraclinical. CONCLUSION: We found that most case reports published in Ugeskrift for Laeger were of speciality relevance and had an educational...... (72%) of speciality relevance. The median number of authors was three (range: 1-7). The first author was a non-specialist physician in 119 (86%) of the reports and the last author a specialist in 103 (78%). A total of 124 (89%) reports had an educational role, six (4%) dealt with new diseases, two (1...... perspective. The journal may consider focusing on cases of more general educational relevance and should also consider whether the current form and language suit the aim and role of the various types of case reports....

  2. Bioremediation case studies: Abstracts. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Devine, K.

    1992-03-01

    The report contains abstracts of 132 case studies of bioremediation technology applied to hazardous waste clean-up. It was prepared to compile bioremediation studies in a variety of locations and treating diverse contaminants, most of which were previously undocumented. All data are based on vendor-supplied information and there was no opportunity to independently confirm its accuracy. These 132 case studies, from 10 different biotechnology companies, provide users with reference information about on-going and/or completed field applications and studies. About two-thirds of the cases were at full-scale clean-up level with the remainder at pilot or laboratory scale. In 74 percent of the cases, soil was at least one of the media treated. Soil alone accounts for 46 percent of the cases. Petroleum-related wastes account for the largest contaminant with 82 cases. Thirty-one states are represented in the case studies

  3. Leclercia adecarboxylata isolation: case reports and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anuradha, Mokkapati

    2014-12-01

    Leclercia adecarboxylata is usually isolated as a part of polymicrobial cultures in immunocompetent patients, and as a pure culture in immunocompromised persons. Although generally sensitive to most antibiotics, there are reports of resistant strains. Two case reports of L. adecarboxylata isolation in the lab in pure culture in immunocompetent persons are presented here, L. adecarboxylata being isolated from a vaginal swab in the first case and from a gluteal abscess in the second case. Both the isolates were sensitive to most of the antibiotics tested.

  4. Adenofibroma of Skene's Duct: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosep Chong

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Skene's glands, also known as paraurethral glands, are homologues of the male prostate, in which painless cystic masses and inflammation due to obstruction have been rarely found and reported. In addition, there have been rare reported cases of adenocarcinoma of Skene's glands. Recently, the authors experienced the first case of adenofibroma arising in Skene's glands of a 62-year-old woman with coital pain. Hereby, we present the case with pathologic and immunohistochemical findings and a short review of literature.

  5. Sacral Intraspinal Bronchogenic Cyst: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Ko, Kwang-Seok; Jeun, Sin-Soo; Lee, Youn-Soo; Park, Chun-Kun

    2008-01-01

    Intraspinal bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital cystic lesions. In all the reported cases, the cysts have been located in the cervical, upper thoracic or thoracolumbar segments. We report the case of an intraspinal bronchogenic cyst in the sacral location. We present the case of a 5-month-old female with a skin dimple in the midline over the sacral vertebra. Magnetic resonance image of the lumbar and sacral vertebra revealed a dermal sinus tract and an epidural cystic mass at the S2 level....

  6. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome; a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Bagheri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a case of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Case Report: A seven-year-old boy presented with marked generalized hypopigmentation, ocular exodeviation and nystagmus. He had history of easy bruising. Examination revealed green irides with marked transillumination, hypopigmented fundi and foveal hypoplasia. Further investigations disclosed platelet storage defect with adenosine diphosphate deficiency and abnormal aggregation compatible with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. The patient underwent strabismus surgery taking necessary precautions such as reserving platelet concentrates in case of a hemorrhagic event. Conclusion: Patients with albinism should be evaluated for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome especially before surgery to prevent life-threatening complications.

  7. Modified vocal function exercises: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radhakrishnan, Nandhakumar; Scheidt, Troy

    2012-10-01

    The aim of this case report is to highlight the modifications made to vocal function exercises to suit patient's ability. Study design. Single case report-retrospective. This case study is about a 77-year-old female with vocal fold atrophy who had difficulty demonstrating the vocal function exercises regimen. Voice therapy techniques were modified for this patient. Post-therapy examination showed significant improvement in perceptual, objective, and self-perceptual analysis of voice. The modified version can be an option for those patients unable to follow the instructions of vocal function exercises.

  8. Epibulbar osseous choristoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keegan A. Harkins

    2017-04-01

    Conclusions and importance: We describe diagnosis and successful surgical management of osseous choristoma the rarest subtype of ocular choristoma. With only 65 cases reported since mid-19th century, the condition remains poorly described. This report provides additional information on diagnosis and treatment of this rare condition.

  9. [Rapunzel syndrome: case report and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curioso Vilchez, Walter H; Rivera Vega, Juan; Curioso Abriojo, Walter I

    2002-01-01

    The Rapunzel syndrome is a rare form of gastric trichobezoar crossing the pylorus and extending throughout the bowel. The case of a 22-year-old Peruvian woman is reported. This is the thirteenth patient with Rapunzel syndrome reported in the literature. The epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment are briefly reviewed.

  10. Parkinsonism following Bee Sting: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruchika Mittal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We are reporting here a rare case of Parkinsonism (Hypokinetic dysarthria caused after a bee stung, a member of the hymenoptera order. The main aim of this report is to orient the clinicians with the possibility of extrapyramidal syndromes because of hymenoptera stings.

  11. Cardiac spindle cell hemangioma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ju Young; Lee, In Jae; Min, Kwang Sun; Jeon, Eui Yong; Lee, Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    Spindle cell hemangioma is an uncommon vascular lesion histologically resembling a cavernous hemangioma and Kaposi's sarcoma with a predilection for the extremities. There are no radiologic reports concerning cardiac spindle cell hemangioma in the current literature. We report here a case of cardiac spindle cell hemangioma.

  12. Mesothelioma of scrotum: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheon, Young Seok; Yang, Ik; Lee, Kyung Won; Kim, Hong Dae; Chung, Soo Young; Kim, Ki Kyung; Shim, Jung Weon [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-08-01

    Localized fibrous tumor of the scrotum is a very rare disease, and few radiologic features have been reported. We report the sonographic and CT findings of a case of localized fibrous tumor, which developed in the scrotum of a thirty-years-old man.

  13. Science and the art of case reporting in medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramono, Laurentius A

    2013-10-01

    The case report is one type of article published in medical journals. Not all case reports can be published. Case reports worth publishing are case reports that have good teaching points and good clinical messages. Writing case reports need academic and clinical skills, along with a taste of art to interest readers to read and study about the case we report. Case reports are expected to be a good tool to all clinicians to build their clinical reasoning and sharpen their clinical instincts.

  14. Gold Enamel Choumps – A Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sargam D. Kotecha

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Tooth jewellery has been practiced since time immemorial and has become an increasingly popular trend. This case report provides a brief insight into a kind of tooth adornment/a tooth tattoo on the enamel prevalent in parts of western Uttar Pradesh, India locally known as a ‘Choump’. A tooth tattooed with ‘Choumps’ has extremely low incidence and could be used as an identification trait. Tooth adornment with ‘Choumps’ has been reported in adults however, this is the first reported case of ‘Choumps’ in children.

  15. Fibroadenoma in axillary supernumerary breast: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Délio Marques Conde

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Supernumerary breast tissue may be affected by the same diseases and alterations that compromise topical breast tissue. Nevertheless, reports of fibroadenoma in supernumerary breast tissue in the axillae are rare. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of fibroadenoma in an axillary supernumerary breast. DESIGN: Case report. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old woman was referred to the gynecology and obstetrics outpatient clinic at Hospital Estadual Sumaré, complaining of bilateral axillary masses. The patient reported cosmetic problems and local pain and discomfort. On physical examination, alterations compatible with bilateral axillary accessory breasts, without palpable nodules, were observed. Supplementary examinations (mammography and ultrasonography revealed a 1.1 cm mass in the right axillary breast. The patient underwent resection of the supernumerary breasts and histopathological examination revealed fibroadenoma of the right axillary breast tissue.

  16. Demography and findings of reported rape cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quader, M M; Rahman, M H; Kamal, M; Ahmed, A U; Saha, S K

    2010-01-01

    Six hundred and ninety nine cases of alleged rape were studied by the authors during the period from 2007-2008 at the Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh. Of these cases, 122 had positive findings of recent sexual intercourse; 250 cases had the positive findings of habituated sexual intercourse, and 327 cases had no findings of sexual intercourse but they complained of forcible sexual intercourse and found no sign of sexual intercourse. Most of the alleged victims of rape were nulliparous 87.12% and parous was only 12.87%. 430 (61.51%) cases of reported victims who were students of schools and colleges were not considered as rape cases considering their victim's history of love affairs, leaving home secretly with their lovers, living with them for many days. Gang rape was not so common (4.29% of raped cases) in our study. Age groups, their occupations, living areas, time of arrival for medico-legal examination have been studied. Most of the cases were students (61.51%). A few numbers of victims were subjected to gang rape. Examination and reporting the cases have been discussed.

  17. Aplasia cutis congenita: report of 22 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesrati, Hela; Amouri, Meriem; Chaaben, Hend; Masmoudi, Abdelrahmen; Boudaya, Sonia; Turki, Hamida

    2015-12-01

    Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare malformation characterized by absent or scarred areas of skin at birth. Although most commonly found on the scalp, ACC can also involve other locations. Its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. To describe the epidemiologic, clinical, therapeutic, and evolutionary aspects of ACC through a hospital series. We conducted a retrospective study from 1995 to 2012 and reported all cases of ACC. We enrolled 22 cases (14 girls and eight boys) of ACC during 18 years. The mean age at diagnosis was 5.7 years. Sixteen ACC involved the scalp, five the trunk, and one the left buttock. ACC was oval-shaped in 20 cases, triangular in one case, and linear in one case. The mean size was 4 cm. ACC was associated with bone defects in two cases, various malformations in eight (37.1%), and with syndromic malformation in three (Adams-Olivier syndrome: two cases; Goltz syndrome: one case). Conservative treatment consisting of wound dressing with vaseline was indicated in six cases. Bone reconstruction was performed in two cases. Regular follow-up and no treatment was recommended in 14 cases. Our study emphasizes the frequent association of ACC with malformations (37.1%) and bone defects (9%). © 2015 The International Society of Dermatology.

  18. 'Case reporting of rare adverse events in otolaryngology': can we defend the case report?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dias, Andrew

    2012-01-31

    The study of errors in medicine has proliferated since the publication of The Institute of Medicine Report \\'TO ERR IS HUMAN\\' in 2000. Case nuances and process of care issues are valuable areas to explore if the goal is to provide the health care worker with the knowledge to avoid future errors. Meta-analysis and randomized controlled trials provide a large data base of evidence towards improvement and opportunities, but it is suggested that case reports can still provide valuable clinical information. The aim is to use the published literature to produce a series of rare harm case reports in E.N.T. The methods include systematic literature review. Journals searched in PUBMED were 60. Rare harm case obtained from the search were 5,322. Rare harm case reports not reported in any other form of evidence-based medicine were 40. Yes, the case report can be defended as it is an important pillar of evidence-based medicine.

  19. Nonfamilial cleidocranial dysplasia (dysostosis): a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salem, G

    1990-01-01

    Cleidocranial dysplasia, previously known as cleidocranial dysostosis, is a rare hereditary disease of unknown etiology characterized by abnormalities in the skull, jaws, shoulder girdle, as well as abnormalities of the dentition. The disease usually follows an autosomal dominant mode of transmission. This is a report on a case in a 25-year-old Saudi female from Gizan, Saudi Arabia, which seemes to be the first case reported in the Kingdom. An outstanding feature of this case is that it did not follow a familial pattern of inheritance since the patient is the only member of the family suffering from such disorder. The abnor malities present in the dentition are described together with the associated skeletal malformations. The clin ical and radiographic findings, as well as the hereditary pattern of the disease as described in the literature, are discussed. The dental management of these cases is reviewed. (author)

  20. CASE REPORT Imaging features of a rare case of scapuloiliac ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SA JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY • March 2011 7. CASE REPORT which, along with the surrounding skeletal muscles, seemed to be supporting the well-formed femoral heads. Discussion. Scapulo-iliac dysostosis (pelvis-shoulder dysplasia, Kosenow syndrome) is an uncommon hereditary skeletal dysplasia. It is classified as ...

  1. Case Report: An atypical case of systemic lupus erythematosus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disease that can be a diagnostic conundrum. Case report: We describe a patient who presented with recurrent fleeting exudative and hemorrhagic pleural effusion. It took multiple visits over 3 months and renal biopsy to con rm the diagnosis of SLE.

  2. CASE REPORT CASE R Conjoined twins with a horseshoe kidney

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-12-03

    Dec 3, 2009 ... identical twins in the same family.4. Case report. A 30-year-old woman presented to the antenatal clinic at Chris Hani. Baragwanath Hospital, Soweto, at >34 weeks' gestation. She had been referred from a peripheral hospital. An ultrasound examination revealed probable thoraco-omphalopagus conjoined ...

  3. Case report: An unusual case of mucosal leishmaniasis with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sudan is endemic for visceral, cutaneous and mucosal leishmaniasis. The latter is the least common of the three forms of leishmaniasis. It is caused by L. donovani, the same parasite that causes visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the country. Most of the cases were reported from VL endemic areas, the majority in adults.

  4. Case Report: Infliximab induced remission in a case of severe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case report: A male smoker, 27 years old, with enteropathic arthropathy on top of Crohns disease (CD) had a disease duration of 2.25 years. He had severe Crohns disease activity index (CDAI = 473) and a poor health status as assessed by the IBD questionnaire (IBDQ) of 39. He had oligoarthritis and bilateral sacroiliitis.

  5. Hydatid disease localized in mesorectum: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Oğuz

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease is a parasitic disease, which is caused by echinococcus and often located in the liver and lung but occasionally found in other organs. Only one previous study reported localization in the mesorectum. In this case report, we present a 27-year-old male, as a second case in the literature, with a hydatid cyst located in the mesorectum. Abdominopelvic computed tomography revealed cystic masses localized in the mesorectum with no pulmonary or hepatic involvement. Preoperative cyst hydatid IgG (1/1000 was positive, and the preliminary diagnosis was hydatid disease. The patient underwent partial cystectomy. Macroscopic and microscopic examination of the specimens confirmed the hydatid cyst. This case report demonstrates that hydatid disease should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of a cystic mass in any anatomic localization, especially in endemic areas. J Clin Exp Invest 2015; 6 (1: 75-77

  6. Frontotemporal dementia and neurocysticercosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Satler

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT We report a case of a 67-year-old woman with frontotemporal dementia (FTD and a history of neurocysticercosis. After her retirement she showed progressive behavioral changes and neuropsychiatric symptoms with relative preservation of cognitive functioning. During the next three years, the patient manifested progressive deterioration of verbal communication gradually evolving to mutism, a hallmark of cases of progressive nonfluent aphasia.

  7. [Multiple supernumerary teeth: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jun; Zhang, Qing-Fu; Liu, Guo-Qin; Zhao, Hai-Jun; Zhang, Xin-Hai

    2010-02-01

    Supernumerary teeth is one of the dysplasia that the number of the teeth are more than physical number. Most cases of reports were with 1-2 supernumerary teeth and rare cases were with more than 3 supernumerary teeth. A 17-year old female patient of 7 impacted supernumerary teeth were found because of toothache of premolar caused by impacted supernumerary teeth and were treated by extraction of impacted supernumerary teeth.

  8. Peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cerdán-Santacruz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Pyoderma gangrenosum is one of the most severe complications that can occur following stoma placement. Despite few cases reported in the literature, it is considered an underdiagnosed entity. We present a case of peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum (PPG in a patient who underwent a pancoloproctectomy and permanent ileostomy due to ulcerative colitis (UC. Treatment was based on local cures, proper fitting of ostomy devices, topical tacrolimus and systemic corticosteroids, adalimumab and antibiotics. Satisfactory resolution was achieved in eight weeks.

  9. Mandibular metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Tae Min [Dept. of Advanced General Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kee Dong; Jeong, Ho Gui; Park, Won Se [Advanced General Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    Tumors metastasizing from distant regions to the oral and maxillofacial region are uncommon, comprising only 1%-2% of all malignancies. Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignancy that arises from cholangiocytes, which are epithelial cells that line the bile ducts. These cancers are difficult to diagnose and have a poor prognosis. In this paper, we report a rare case of mandibular metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma diagnosed at the primary site and discuss the radiographic findings observed in this case.

  10. Traumatic hemipelvectomy (amputae: Report of one case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Errol U. Hutagalung

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic hemipelvectomy (amputae is a catastrophic injury resulting front violent shearing forces which avulsed the lower limb at the level sacroiliac joint and symphisis pubis. Patients surviving traumatic hemipelvectomy are rare. One case of a 25 months old girl surviving traumatic hemipelvectomy, is presented. This is the first case reported from Indonesia. (Med J Indones 2001; 10: 169-73Keywords: Colostomy, skin graft, traffic accident

  11. Primary Oral Tuberculosis - A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B N Praveen

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis is most common disease in developing countries because of lack of public health awareness, poverty, nutritional deficiencies, absence of medical facilities. Primary oral lesions in tuberculosis are still exceedingly rare. Oral involvement may be primary or secondary to systemic involvement. Involvement of oral cavity is rare accounting for 0.2-1.5% of cases. A rare case report of primary oral tuberculosis is presented.

  12. Lepromatous Leprosy of Prepuce- A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpana R. Sulhyan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Leprosy is commonly seen over cooler parts of the body and very rarely found over external genitalia because of their warm temperature.We report a case of lepromatous leprosy of prepuce in a 79 years old male who presented with phimosis. Local examination revealed anodule over prepuce and the clinical diagnosis was carcinoma of penis. This case highlights that leprosy should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of penile lesions.

  13. Angiolipoma of index finger: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzaffer Durmus

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Angiolipomas are usually found in the upper extremities, shoulder and back. They are seldom found in the hands, face and lower extremities. They usually occur as painful soft tissue masses or they may compress the neighboring structures (e.g. nerves depending on the size and location. In this report we present an angiolipoma case located in the finger and discuss related recent cases described in the literature. [Hand Microsurg 2016; 5(1.000: 22-25

  14. Supratentorial ependymoma in child: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santa Anna, Tatiana Kelly Brasileiro de; Zuppani, Aguinaldo Cunha

    2008-01-01

    Ependymoma is a neuro epithelial tumor of the glioneural group which originates in the ependyma, with slow growth and infratentorial location in 2/3 of the cases. The infratentorials are more common in children and the supratentorials in adults. This report describes a case in childhood, supratentorial, in close contact with the lateral ventricle, predominantly cystic, with solid areas, little regional expansive effect and evidenced by the pathology as an infrequent subtype in this age group, the subependymoma. (author)

  15. Tubercular Nodular Episcleritis: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav, Sankalp; Rawal, Gautam

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by the acid-fast bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is an important cause of death worldwide. Tuberculosis most commonly affects the lungs, but has many extrapulmonary manifestations as well, including intraocular involvement. Tubercular nodular episcleritis is a very rare presentation and no such case in an adult male has been reported in the literature. Herein, we present the very first case of tubercular nodular episcleritis in a 30-ye...

  16. Extreme oncoplastic breast surgery: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bordoni, Daniele; Cadenelli, Pierfrancesco; Falco, Giuseppe; Rocco, Nicola; Manna, Paola; Tessone, Ariel; Ornelli, Matteo; Magalotti, Cesare

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: So called “extreme oncoplastic surgery” is emerging as a new promising concept in breast cancer surgery allowing successful breast conservation in selected patients with multicentric tumors. Presentation of case: We report the case of a 48-year-old woman presenting with a multicentric breast cancer and successfully treated with an oncoplastic technique consisting in three radical lumpectomies followed by breast reshaping and simultaneous contralateral symmetrization. Discu...

  17. Giant osteoblastoma of temporal bone: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FIGUEIREDO EBERVAL GADELHA

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign osteoblastoma is an uncommon bone tumor accounting for approximately 1% of all bone tumors. There are only 35 cases of skull osteoblastoma reported in the literature. We describe the case of a 23 year old male with a giant osteoblastoma of temporal bone submitted to a total removal of the tumor after an effective embolization of all external carotid branches. The authors discuss diagnostic and management aspects of this uncommon skull tumor.

  18. Intestinal angina. Report on two operated cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solheim, K; Rosseland, A; Lund, B L

    1977-01-01

    In spite of the fact that the concept of intestinal angina is more than 70 years old, it is not generally accepted and only 400 cases of elective revascularization of the celiac/mesenteric arteries are reported in the literature. Two typical cases of intestinal angina treated with elective revascularization are presented and the pertinent literature is reviewed. An aggresive approach to the problem, followed by adequate reconstruction, is recommended.

  19. Case report of a medication error

    OpenAIRE

    Naunton, Mark; Nor, Kowsar; Bartholomaeus, Andrew; Thomas, Jackson; Kosari, Sam

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: The World Health Organisation recognizes confusing drug names as one of the most common causes of medication errors. Other factors include spelling, phonetic, or packaging similarities. Case presentation: We presented a case report of an inadvertent administration of a non-ocular pharmaceutical product (Novasone? lotion) into the eye of an octogenarian individual, and briefly reviewed the relevant literature. Discussion: We discussed prevention strategies to avoid simil...

  20. Muscular cysticercosis: Case report and imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olmo, Neide Regina Simoes; Fiorio, Ulysses Ferreira; Clemente, Marcel Andreazza, E-mail: neideolmo@yahoo.com.br [Clinica Mult Imagem, Santos, SP (Brazil); Bastos, Eder Amaral [Universidade Metropolitana de Santos (UNIMES), Santos, SP (Brazil); Mendes, Gustavo Gomes [AC Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2016-11-15

    Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by a worm of the Cestoda class. The most prevalent form affects the nervous system. This case report is from a 78-year old female patient evaluated at Clinica Mult Imagem, in the city of Santos, Brazil, who presented a form of the disease that differed from the classic neurocysticercosis, in this case muscular cysticercosis. This and other forms of manifestation justify further studies to ensure adequate recognition, diagnosis and treatment of this parasitic disease. (author)

  1. Premature dental eruption: report of case.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNamara, C M

    2011-08-05

    This case report reviews the variability of dental eruption and the possible sequelae. Dental eruption of the permanent teeth in cleft palate children may be variable, with delayed eruption the most common phenomenon. A case of premature dental eruption of a maxillary left first premolar is demonstrated, however, in a five-year-old male. This localized premature dental eruption anomaly was attributed to early extraction of the primary dentition, due to caries.

  2. Ambras syndrome: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ishita

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital generalized hypertrichosis associated with gingival hyperplasia are rare cases published in literature. The frequency incidence of generalized congenital hypertrichosis is about one to billions of people. Hypertrichosis and gingival hyperplasia are termed as Ambras syndrome (AS, which can be noticed at birth or soon after. Here, is a rare case report of 4-year-old male child who presented with generalized hypertrichosis with gingival fibromatosis and dysmorphic facial features.

  3. Tuberculosis of the Spermatic Cord: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amine Benjelloun

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The spermatic cord tuberculoma is uncommon, especially in its lower portion. Most cases were described in Japanese literature. We report a case of tuberculosis of the spermatic cord in a sexually active young man, revealed by a scrotal mass mimicking a tumor of the testicle and discuss the suitable diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, with preservation of the testes and the other sexual organs.

  4. Agenesis of permanent canines: Rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumit Kumar Yadav

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Agenesis of permanent canines is a rare condition, and that of both maxillary and mandibular permanent canines is extremely rare. It may occur either isolated or in association with other dental anomalies. Reports of such cases are very scarce in the literature. Need for early diagnosis of such conditions should be emphasized because of functional, esthetic, and psychological problems which should be evaluated and treated appropriately. The present paper presents a report of bilaterally missing permanent maxillary and mandibular canines. This case might contribute in the future studies of incidence of agenesis of permanent canines.

  5. Agenesis of permanent canines: Rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Sumit Kumar; Yadav, Achla Bharti; Kedia, Neal Bharat; Singh, Abhinav Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Agenesis of permanent canines is a rare condition, and that of both maxillary and mandibular permanent canines is extremely rare. It may occur either isolated or in association with other dental anomalies. Reports of such cases are very scarce in the literature. Need for early diagnosis of such conditions should be emphasized because of functional, esthetic, and psychological problems which should be evaluated and treated appropriately. The present paper presents a report of bilaterally missing permanent maxillary and mandibular canines. This case might contribute in the future studies of incidence of agenesis of permanent canines.

  6. Pediatric oral leiomyosarcoma: rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divyambika, C V; Sathasivasubramanian, S; Krithika, C L; Malathi, N; Prathiba, D

    2012-01-01

    Soft tissue sarcomas comprise a group of histologically diverse malignant neoplasms arising from mesenchymal cell lines. Among these, leiomyosarcomas are sarcomas exhibiting smooth muscle differentiation. Occurrence of this neoplasm in the oral cavity is exceedingly rare and its presentation is unusual in children. We present a case report of leiomyosarcoma of the oral cavity in an eight-year old child. Primary oral leiomyosarcoma, being a rare entity in children, this case report emphasizes the prompt recognition of this tumor to institute appropriate multimodality treatment.

  7. Pediatric oral leiomyosarcoma: Rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C V Divyambika

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Soft tissue sarcomas comprise a group of histologically diverse malignant neoplasms arising from mesenchymal cell lines. Among these, leiomyosarcomas are sarcomas exhibiting smooth muscle differentiation. Occurrence of this neoplasm in the oral cavity is exceedingly rare and its presentation is unusual in children. We present a case report of leiomyosarcoma of the oral cavity in an eight-year old child. Primary oral leiomyosarcoma, being a rare entity in children, this case report emphasizes the prompt recognition of this tumor to institute appropriate multimodality treatment.

  8. Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Woo Young; Han, You Mie; Choi, Young Hee [Hallym University College of Medicine, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Parathyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy and a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma is even rarer and only few cases have been reported previously. A 33-year-old woman presented with hypercalcemia. CT scan revealed a 5-cm sized intrathyroid nodule with a positive beak sign on the surface in contact with the thyroid gland. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy, and the histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma. We report a case of intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma with brief literature review.

  9. Unilateral pulmonary vein atresia: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, So Hwa; Kim, Ki Jun [Dept. of Radiology, Incheon St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-15

    Unilateral pulmonary vein atresia is a rare congenital anomaly. Its symptoms begin to manifest in childhood and a broad spectrum of clinical severity has been described, ranging from asymptomatic, recurrent pulmonary infection, severe hemoptysis, to death. Only a few adult cases with this condition, with no or mild symptoms, have been reported. Pulmonary angiography has been typically used for definite diagnosis. However, pulmonary angiography may be replaced with the current developing multidetector CT. This report presents an adult case with mild symptoms, diagnosed by multidetector CT.

  10. Tardive dyskinesia on clozapine: A case report

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    Laila Asmal

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia is a potentially irremediable and debilitating condition with the onset most commonly associated with the use of first-generation antipsychotics. The development of tardive dyskinesia on clozapine, a second-generation antipsychotic, is uncommon, and the drug is therefore a treatment option for those patients who develop the syndrome following treatment with first- generation agents. I report on the case of a 27-year-old man who developed severe tardive dyskinesia following initiation of clozapine treatment. To the best of my knowledge, this is the first case of tardive dyskinesia associated with clozapine use reported in South Africa.

  11. Malignant degeneration in neurofibromatosis: 3 case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Jong Moon; Kang, Eun Young; Lee, Nam Joon; Chung, Kyoo Byung; Suh, Won Hyuck

    1989-01-01

    Von Recklinghausen's nuerofilbromatosis is a kind of neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by skin, nervous system, neuromusculoskeletal manifestations. Most central and peripheral nervous neoplastic lesions in neurofibromatosis are benign but have a significant potential for malignant transformation such as neurofibrosarcoma, neurogenic sarcoma, malignant schwannoma. And it is relatively common disorder but malignant change with radiologic findings has been reported rarely in Korea. Recently we experienced three cases of malignant degeneration in neurofibromatosis and confirmed by pathology. So we report the cases with review including radiologic findings

  12. Neurology Case Reporting: a call for all

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rison Richard A

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract From antiquity to present day, the act of recording and publishing our observations with patients remains essential to the art of medicine and the care of patients. Neurology is rich with case reports over the centuries. They contribute to our understanding and knowledge of disease entities, and are a cornerstone of our professional development as physicians and the care of our patients. This editorial seeks to enthuse and invigorate house staff and practicing physicians everywhere to continue the long and time-honored tradition of neurology case reporting.

  13. Dyskeratosis Congenita: A Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anila Karunakaran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral manifestations play an important role in the diagnosis of many systemic conditions. Dyskeratosis congenita (DC is a rare genodermatosis which exhibits oral leukoplakia, nail dystrophy, and reticular skin pigmentations as its primary features. DC has increased risk of developing constitutional anemias and malignancies and early diagnosis enables the patient to be monitored and proper interventional therapy to be instituted. Hence, dentists need to be aware of the various manifestations of this fatal syndrome. Only few cases have been reported on DC in the dental literature. Two cases of DC are reported here with a brief review of the literature.

  14. Dementia Presenting with Hypersexuality: A Case Report

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    Prutha Desai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : This case report highlights the issue of hyper sexuality as a presenting feature in people with dementia and outlines the possible etiology and challenges associated with inappropriate sexual behavior in dementia. A case of a 75-year-old female with vascular dementia who developed hyper sexuality as a presenting complaint is reported here. The management of this patient included a combination of pharmacological and psychosocial intervention leading to the resolution of her inappropriate sexual behavior and improvement in her relationship with her family members. Inappropriate sexual behaviors need to be recognized and managed without compromising the fulfillment of the human′s basic need of sexuality.

  15. Indication for dental computed tomography. Case reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schom, C.; Engelke, W.; Kopka, L.; Fischer, U.; Grabbe, E.

    1996-01-01

    Based on case reports, common indications for dental computed tomography are demonstrated and typical findings are analysed. From a group of 110 patients who had a reformatted computed tomography of the maxilla and mandibula, 10 typical cases were chosen as examples and are presented with a detailed description of the findings. The most important indication was the analysis of the morphology of the alveolar ridge needed in presurgical planning for osseointegrated implants as well as in special cases of postsurgical control. Apart from implantology, the method could be used in cases of mandibular cysts and bony destructions. In conclusion, dental computed tomography has become established mainly in implantology. It can provide valuable results in cases where a demonstration of the bone in all dimensions and free of overlappings and distortions is needed. (orig.) [de

  16. Acute suppurative neonatal parotitis: Case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khan, Sardar U

    2012-02-01

    Neonatal suppurative parotitis is very rare. One review of the English-language literature spanning 35 years found only 32 cases. Most cases are managed conservatively with antibiotic therapy; early antibiotic treatment reduces the need for surgery. The predominant organism is Staphylococcus aureus. We report a new case of neonatal suppurative parotitis in a 3-week-old boy. The patient was diagnosed on the basis of parotid swelling, a purulent exudate from a Stensen duct, and the growth of pathogenic bacteria in culture. He responded well to 9 days of intravenous antibiotic therapy. We also discuss the microbiologic and clinical patterns of this disease.

  17. Splenic tuberculosis. Report of twelve cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adil, A.; Chikhaoui, N.; Ousehal, A.; Kadiri, R.

    1995-01-01

    Tuberculosis of the spleen is not exceptional. The authors report ten cases which occurred with a predominance in young male adults. All patients had at least one other site of tuberculosis without any HIV infection. All patients had focal splenic lesions in the form of scattered hypo-echogenic and hypodense nodules. These nodules had a pseudo-tumor appearance in one case. CT-guided puncture was performed in one case. Splenic tuberculosis is not as rare as is sometimes thought. The CT-guided splenic puncture is now performed routinely and remains the ideal diagnostic approach. (authors). 9 refs., 5 figs

  18. Childhood Morgagni hernia: report of two cases

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    Kamal Nain Rattan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia is a rare congenital anomaly to be seen in the pediatric age group. We are reporting two cases of Morgagni hernia, which presented with non-specific symptoms and posed a diagnostic dilemma. One of the patients was 10 years old and associated with asplenia and Down’s syndrome; the second case presented as isolated Morgagni hernia in an 8 month baby. The diagnosis was confirmed with radiography and computed chest tomography. Both cases were managed successfully with surgical repair of the diaphragmatic defect through trans-abdominal approach.

  19. Ludwig's angina: a case report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreyer, A F; de Kock, S E; Rantloane, J L

    1990-09-01

    A case of Ludwig's angina which developed after mandibular fractures in a 14-year-old male patient is reported. We emphasise the serious nature of this condition and the aggressive treatment it requires. It is important to recognise cases of Ludwig's angina at an early stage, as well as cases which are at risk of developing into true Ludwig's angina if treatment is delayed. Management should be aimed at maintaining an open airway by nasotracheal intubation or cricothyroidotomy, together with treatment of the infection by removal of the source, drainage of pus and parenteral antibiotic therapy. In addition, investigation and management of contributing medical conditions and timely specialist consultation are essential.

  20. Coexisting chondroblastoma and osteochondroma: a case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardiwala D

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available The coexistence of two different types of benign cartilaginous tumours of bone in the same patient has not been reported in literature. We report a case in which a sixteen-year-old male had a benign chondroblastoma of the proximal left humerus and an osteochondroma of the distal left femur. Both originated at the same time and had a progressive increase in size with growth.