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Sample records for case reports

  1. Case Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bilgin-Freiert, Arzu; Fugleholm, Kåre; Poulsgaard, Lars

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of an intraneural ganglion cyst of the hypoglossal canal. The patient presented with unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a small lesion in the hypoglossal canal with no contrast enhancement and high signal on T2-weighted imaging. The lesion was...... assumed to be a cystic schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve. Stereotactic irradiation was considered, but in accordance with the patient's wishes, surgical exploration was performed. This revealed that, rather than a schwannoma, the patient had an intraneural ganglion cyst, retrospectively contraindicating...... irradiation as an option. This case illustrates a very rare location of an intraneural ganglion cyst in the hypoglossal nerve. To our knowledge there are no previous reports of an intraneural ganglion cyst confined to the hypoglossal canal....

  2. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Füchtbauer, Laila; Brusgaard, Klaus; Ledaal, Pål;

    2015-01-01

    ey Clinical Message Vitamin D-dependent rickets type 1 VDDR-1 is a recessive inherited disorder with impaired activation of vitamin D, caused by mutations in CYP27B1. We present long-time follow-up of a case with a novel mutation including high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography...

  3. A report on case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gopikrishna Velayutham

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Case reports are defined as the scientific documentation of a single clinical observation and have a time-honored and rich tradition in medicine and scientific publication. This article discusses the role and relevance of case reports in the current evidence-based medical literature. It also seeks to help and guide authors to understand how to prepare a reasonable and well-written case report and how they may anticipate concerns that peer reviewers may express when scrutinizing their manuscript. An overview of the Journal of Conservative Dentistry′s review process of a manuscript submission is provided for the benefit of future authors. It is important to be able to read a case report critically and to use the information they contain appropriately. This article also discusses the factors to consider in evaluating individual case reports, and discusses a practical conceptual scheme for evaluating the potential value and educational content of a case report.

  4. A report on case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Gopikrishna Velayutham

    2010-01-01

    Case reports are defined as the scientific documentation of a single clinical observation and have a time-honored and rich tradition in medicine and scientific publication. This article discusses the role and relevance of case reports in the current evidence-based medical literature. It also seeks to help and guide authors to understand how to prepare a reasonable and well-written case report and how they may anticipate concerns that peer reviewers may express when scrutinizing their manuscri...

  5. The Case for Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George R. Saade

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available If you are reading a hard copy of this editorial, then you are holding in hand the first issue of the American Journal of Perinatology Reports, or AJP Reports as we like to refer to it. Welcome to AJP Reports and thank you for taking the time to peruse it. I hope you find many of the reports interesting and helpful. The editorial team and publisher are very pleased to be able to bring this journal to our readers. Judging by the journal title, the editorial team, and the layout you may have already guessed that this is a companion to the American Journal of Perinatology. We will continue to publish original articles and topical reviews in the American Journal of Perinatology, but all case reports or case series will be referred to AJP Reports. Some may question the need for more case reports. Our decision to start AJP Reports obviously indicates that we think that case reports can be useful. I can refer to several diseases, treatment complications, and procedures that were first brought to the attention of healthcare providers through case reports. The best example of the usefulness of case reports is probably in infectious diseases. In the early phases of an emerging infectious disease, the case report or case series are usually the first clues of a problem. HIV was first brought to the attention of the medical community by case reports.[1] [2] [3] In our own field, the first attempts at treatment of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS using laser coagulation were reported in a case series.[4] After additional reports about the use of laser in TTTS, a randomized trial was performed that cemented laser photocoagulation as a therapeutic modality for TTTS.[5] While case reports or series are not considered the highest form of evidence, they are frequently the first form of evidence and the nudge that starts the cascade of investigation that ultimately leads to high-level evidence. Therefore, their impact on clinical practice may be easily

  6. Xeroderma pigmentosum (case report

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    Dubey Arvind

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare, hereditary and fatal disease of the skin. Ocular involvement is known to occur in 80% of cases. A case with typical cutaneous and ocular lesions is reported.

  7. Essential trichomegaly: case report

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    Julia Dutra Rossetto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports two cases of symptomatic essential trichomegaly. Trichomegaly may develop in various diseases, including anorexia nervosa, hypothyroidism, pregnancy, pretibial myxedema, systemic lupus erythematosus, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and uveitis. The exact incidence trichomegaly is unknown, and the condition remains sporadically reported. Two cases of symptomatic trichomegaly without any associated systemic disorder are presented in this paper.

  8. Neurilemoma. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporusso, J; Cook, M; Bullard, B P; Harkless, L B

    1994-10-01

    In this article, a case report of a patient presenting with "burning pain in the ball of her right foot" is detailed. Topics discussed include the diagnosis, surgical excision, and histopathology. PMID:7812908

  9. Dysphagia aortica: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Jovančević Ljiljana; Jović Rajko M.; Mitrović Slobodan M.

    2005-01-01

    Introduction Dysphagia aortica is a swallowing condition caused by external compression of the esophagus due to aortic aneurysm or atherosclerotic changes affecting the aorta. The case report on this rare cause of dysphagia should contribute to better diagnosis of dysphagia aortica and swallowing difficulties in general. Case report A 63-year-old male patient was hospitalized duo to a four month history of intermittent swallowing difficulties. Chest radiography showed a widened mediastinum an...

  10. Oral Myiasis : Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Ramli, Roszalina; Abd Rahman, Roslan

    2002-01-01

    Myiasis occurs when living tissues of mammals are invaded by eggs or larvae of flies, mainly from the order of Diptera. Most of the previousty reported cases are in the tropics and they were usually associated with inadequate personal hygiene, sometimes with poor manual dexterity. This report describes two cases of oral myiasis in cerebral palsy patients in Seremban General Hospital, Malaysia. This article also discusses the therapeutic property of maggots and highlights the importance of ora...

  11. a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Snoj, Marko; Kadivec, Maksimiljan; Zebič, Marta; Podobnik, Gašper; Škof, Erik

    2015-01-01

    Background Contralateral breast cancer (CLB) is the most common second primary breast cancer in patients diagnosed with breast cancer. The majority of patients harbouring CLB tumours develop the invasive disease. Almost all invasive carcinomas are believed to begin as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions. The sensitivity of MRI for DCIS is much higher than that of mammography. Case report We report the case of a woman who was treated with breast conserving therapy 10 years ago. At that tim...

  12. Dental autotransplant: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Nathália Martins Pacini; Dirceu Tavares Formiga Nery; Daniel Rey de Carvalho; Normeu Lima Junior; Alexandre Franco Miranda; Sérgio Bruzadelli Macedo

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The autogenous transplantation or dental autotransplantation is defined as the replacement of an absent or impaired tooth by another transplanted one, usually the third molar. The tooth is transplanted to a prepared or existing tooth socket occupied by the lost tooth, in a same person. This technique is considered a viable method due to its high success rate when properly indicated combined with a relatively low cost. Objective and case report: To report a clinical case study co...

  13. SIRENOMELIA: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Wankhede,, Mahendra; Shrivastava

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of Sirenomelia is thought to be about 1 in 65,000 live births (Oxford Medical database, Dysmorphology). In Sirenomelia, lower limbs are fused together. Common associated malformations include absent genitalia, imperforate anus, lumbosacral vertebral pelvic abnormalities and renal agenesis. Sirenomelia with craniorachischisis totalis (CT) is a rare fetal malformation, only six cases have been reported in English literature (1-5) and none yet from Asia. Our case is of ...

  14. Melioidosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barman, Purabi; Sidhwa, Harish; Shirkhande, Pinak A

    2011-04-01

    Burkhloderia pseudomallei has recently gained importance as an emerging pathogen in India. It causes various clinical manifestations like pneumoniae, septicaemia, arthritis, abscess etc. Cases have been reported from Southeast Asia mainly Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, etc. In India, few cases have been reported mainly from the southern part of the country. Patient was a 65-year-old male and presented with fever 1 month back, cough and breathlessness for same period, swelling on both ankles from 7 days. B. pseudomallei was isolated from endotracheal secretions, blood cultures, leg wound. He was successfully treated with Imipenem and Doxycycline and put on maintenance therapy now, and is currently doing well. PMID:21731307

  15. Melioidosis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purabi Barman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkhloderia pseudomallei has recently gained importance as an emerging pathogen in India. It causes various clinical manifestations like pneumoniae, septicaemia, arthritis, abscess etc. Cases have been reported from Southeast Asia mainly Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, etc. In India, few cases have been reported mainly from the southern part of the country. Patient was a 65-year-old male and presented with fever 1 month back, cough and breathlessness for same period, swelling on both ankles from 7 days. B. pseudomallei was isolated from endotracheal secretions, blood cultures, leg wound. He was successfully treated with Imipenem and Doxycycline and put on maintenance therapy now, and is currently doing well.

  16. The Case for Case Reports

    OpenAIRE

    SAADE, George R.

    2011-01-01

    If you are reading a hard copy of this editorial, then you are holding in hand the first issue of the American Journal of Perinatology Reports, or AJP Reports as we like to refer to it. Welcome to AJP Reports and thank you for taking the time to peruse it. I hope you find many of the reports interesting and helpful. The editorial team and publisher are very pleased to be able to bring this journal to our readers. Judging by the journal title, the editorial team, and the layout you may have al...

  17. A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choy, Bonnie Nga Kwan; Ng, Alex Lap Ki; Shum, Jennifer Wei Huen; Fan, Michelle Ching Yim; Lai, Jimmy Shiu Ming

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Chlorpromazine is known to cause ocular pigmentary deposits. However, delayed presentation after cessation of chlorpromazine has not been reported. There are also no reports on whether newer generation of anti-psychotic agents contribute to ocular toxicity. We describe a case of ocular toxicity related to anti-psychotic agents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of anterior segment pigmentary deposits associated with olanzapine use, 2 years after the cessation of chlorpromazine. We report a case of ocular toxicity in a patient with history of chlorpromazine usage of 100 mg per day for 13 years and subsequently switched to olanzapine 5 mg for 2 years. There were no signs of ocular toxicity while the patient was on chlorpromazine. However, when the patient switched to olanzapine, she developed the ocular side effect as described for chlorpromazine-induced ocular toxicity, with pigmentary depositions on both corneas and the anterior lens surface and decrease in vision. Olanzapine, a newer anti-psychotic agent, may play a role in the ocular pigmentary deposition, either directly causing pigmentary deposition itself or accentuating the effect of chlorpromazine as the 2 drugs act on the same receptors, although further studies are required to support this hypothesis. As patients with psychiatric conditions may not voluntarily complain of visual symptoms, ocular screening could be considered in these patients receiving chronic anti-psychotic treatment, so that any ocular toxicity could be diagnosed in a timely manner. PMID:27082594

  18. [Pharyngeal tuberculosis: Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spini, Roxana Gabriela; Bordino, Lucas; Cohen, Daniela; Martins, Andrea; Ramírez, Zaida; González, Norma E

    2015-08-01

    Pharyngeal tuberculosis is a rare extrapulmonary manifestation. In Argentina, the number of cases of tuberculosis reported in children under 19 years in 2012 was 1752. Only 12.15% had extrapulmonary manifestation. A case of a 17 year old girl with pharyngeal tuberculosis is reported. The patient presented intermittent fever and swallowing pain for 6 months, without response to conventional antibiotic treatment. Chest X-ray showedbilateral micronodular infiltrate, so hospitalization was decided to study and treat. The sputum examination for acid-fast resistant bacilli was positive and treatment with four antituberculous drugs was started, with good evolution and disappearance of symptoms. Diagnostic confirmation with the isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum culture was obtained. The main symptoms of pharyngeal tuberculosis are sore throat and difficulty in swallowing of long evolution. It is important to consider tuberculosis as differential diagnosis in patients with chronic pharyngitis unresponsive to conventional treatment. PMID:26172025

  19. BURKING: A CASE REPORT

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    Durga Prasad

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Homicide means causing death of a person by another person. This homicide may be lawful or unlawful. There are many ways of committing a homicide. Burking is one of the methods. The term ‘Burking’ is derived from notorious criminal ‘Burke’, who with his accomplice ‘Hare’, killed old people by a combination of smothering and traumatic asphyxia, and sold the bodies to the medical school in Edinburgh. We here presented a case of homicide by burking. AIM: To explain the term burking and to present a real case of homicide by burking, which we encountered. MATERIALS & METHODS: Various journal articles, textbooks of Forensic Medicine, FIR copy of the case, crime scene visit, photos, inquest report, post mortem examination, crime investigation information. CONCLUSION: Burking is a type of homicide by smothering with traumatic asphyxia. Though it is rare, it is not completely unseen

  20. NECROTIZING SIALOMETAPLASIA. CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    A.I. Navazo Eguía; F. García Vicario; E. Suárez Muñiz; M.C. Gutiérrez Ortega

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NSM) is a benign lesion affecting the salivary glands mainly in the hard palate. It presents as an ulcer with irregular borders, slightly elevated and necrotic The differential diagnosis should include malignant neoplasms. Case Report: A 26-year-old woman sought medical advice for a painful 2 cm ulceration of the hard palate. She is carrying pierced tongue. The patient had a history of cigarette smoking, chronic anxiety disorder and bulimia,. Analyti...

  1. Cystic fibrosis: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cystic fibrosis is a autosomal recessive genetic disease. Among caucasians, it is the most common cause of pulmonary insufficiency during the first three decades of life. The prevalence of cystic fibrosis varies according to ethnic origin: it is common among caucasians but rare among Asians. We report a case in which cystic fibrosis with bronchiectasis and hyperaeration was revealed by high-resolution CT, and mutation of the cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator gene (CFTR) by DNA analysis

  2. Cystic fibrosis: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Si Hyun; Lee, Hyun Ju; Kim, Ji Hye; Park, Chol Heui [Gachon Medical School, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-01

    Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. Among Caucasians, it is the most common cause of pulmonary insufficiency during the first three decades of life. The prevalence of cystic fibrosis varies according to ethnic origin: it is common among Caucasians but rare among Asians. We report a case in which cystic fibrosis with bronchiectasis and hyperaeration was revealed by high-resolution CT, and mutation of the cystic fibrosis conductance transmembrane regulator gene (CFTR) by DNA analysis.

  3. Otocephaly: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Anshu Sharma; Amrutha K. V.; Joseph Abraham; Mahesh Sharma

    2016-01-01

    A case of otocephaly was reported in 26+/-4 week's female fetus during routine fetal autopsy at GMCH, Chandigarh, India. Mother was 25 years old, second gravid. The first child is one year old normal male baby. Present pregnancy resulted in spontaneous abortion. Antenatal history, past history, family history and medical history of mother was not suggestive of any ethiological factor responsible for the defect. The external examination showed 2 vessels in umbilical cord. There was anteroposte...

  4. Oral lymphangioma: case report

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    Marcelo Gadelha Vasconcelos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lymphangioma is a change of lymphatic vessels that frequently affects the head and neck region. Its occurrence at oral cavity is rare and it is most commonly identified at the anterior two-thirds of the tongue. At this location, it is clinically characterized as transparent and generally grouped vesicles, which can be red or purple. The deep lesions appear as nodular masses of variable color and superficial texture. It can be classified according to the size of vessels into three types: capillary, cavernous, and cystic lymphangioma. Several types of treatment have been suggested; and the most commonly used treatments are: surgical excision, application of carbon dioxide laser, cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen, and sclerosing agents. Objective and case report: To describe a case of oral lymphangioma diagnosed in a 17-year-old female patient. The lesion was presented as multiple vesicles of soft consistency with thin epithelial lining and color ranging from translucent to yellow-reddish, involving the soft palate and the left retromolar region. Incisional biopsy confirmed the hypothesis of cavernous lymphangioma. Patient was followed-up for one year without signs of lesion relapse. Conclusion: Through this clinical case report and literature review, this study emphasizes the relevance of the clinical and histopathological features that should be considered to confirm the clinical hypothesis and indicate the proper therapeutic for oral lymphangiomas.

  5. Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: case reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the radiologic, physiologic, and pathologic features of biopsy-proved pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) in 2 patients. Chest radiographs showed diffuse increased interstitial lung markings with normal or slightly increased lung volume. The prominent computed tomographic (CT) feature was thin-walled cysts throughout the lungs. Pulmonary function test showed a mixed obstructive and restrictive pattern in one and a mainly restrictive pattern in another, which was somewhat different from that of the reported cases. Proliferation of smooth muscle cells in the lymphatics, alveolar septae, vessels, and bronchioles was the pathologic finding

  6. Spinal Neurocysticercosis: Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most frequent parasitic illness of the central nervous system caused by the larval form of Taenia solium and its considered to be endemic in Latin America. Its diagnosis is based on imaging findings and epidemiological data; although its diagnosis can be made through the detection of specific IgG antibodies, these tests have limited availability in our environment. Central nervous system involvement is generally observed in the brain parenchyma, and less commonly in the ventricular system and subarachnoid space; only infrequently is reported to involve the structures within the spinal canal, in this article we review a case of a patient with spinal cysticercal involvement.

  7. Neuromyelitis Optica. Case Report

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    Patricia Quintero Cusguen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Neuromyelitis Optica, also known as Devic’sSyndrome, is a disease which combines opticneuritis and transverse myelitis. Some years ago it was considered as a form of multiple sclerosis.Actually, it is consider as a different disease, onthe basis of the clinical, imaging, serology andimmunopatholoy profile.A case of 29 years old female patient is reported,based on her clinical findings which beganin the fifth postpartum month, with progressivelower limb paresis, associated with bilateralvision loss.This paper attempts giving a synoptic overviewof this uncommon immune mediateddemyelinating condition; it summarises themost important epidemiological parameters andpresents the diagnostic and therapeutic possibilitiesavailable today.

  8. [Pneumobilia. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinoso Reyes, Joaquín; de Echeverría Robles, Lila Cruz; Reinoso Toledo, Joaquín G

    2005-01-01

    Pneumobilia, gas within the biliary tract, is due to an abnormal connection between the gastrointestinal tract and the biliary tract and is considered a serious pathology usually requiring surgical intervention. Most cases of pneumobilia are related to gallstone disease, and spontaneous biliary-enteric fistula is reported to be the most common cause of pneumobilia. Another well-documented cause of pneumobilia is a surgically created anastomosis between the biliary tract and the bowel, the Whipple procedure, and choledocho-jejunostomy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with papillosphincterotomy or surgical transduodenal sphincteroplasty. Transient incompetence of the sphincter of Oddi, gas-forming infections, and trauma have also been reported to cause pneumobilia. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman with asymptomatic cholelithiasis, pneumobilia and cholecystoduodenal fistula treated with cholecystectomy, fistula closure with Graham patch, Stamm-Kader gastrostomy and needle catheter jejunostomy. On the first postoperative day she developed a biliary duodenal fistula that required nutritional support with parenteral, enteral nutrition and octreotide acetate with fistula closure 2 weeks later. We review the etiology, surgical treatment and economic burden. Laparoscopic cholecysto-fistulectomy by skilled laparoscopic surgeons can be adopted as a first-choice treatment for cholecystoduodenal fistula to reduce morbility risks and costs. PMID:15998480

  9. Dysphagia aortica: Case report

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    Jovančević Ljiljana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dysphagia aortica is a swallowing condition caused by external compression of the esophagus due to aortic aneurysm or atherosclerotic changes affecting the aorta. The case report on this rare cause of dysphagia should contribute to better diagnosis of dysphagia aortica and swallowing difficulties in general. Case report A 63-year-old male patient was hospitalized duo to a four month history of intermittent swallowing difficulties. Chest radiography showed a widened mediastinum and an enlarged aortic arch. Rigid esophagus endoscopy was done in general endotracheal anesthesia. At 28 cm from the upper incisors, a difficulty in passing the endoscope appeared, revealing an external compression as a probable cause, since the whole esophagus had no intraluminal pathological changes. Contrast esophagography revealed an aortic aneurysm. The esophagus had a normal lumen width, wall tension and elasticity, and smooth contours. After cardiovascular examination and magnetic resonance imaging, a giant aneurysm of the aortic arch was diagnosed. Discussion Patients with dysphagia aortica as well as patients with any other swallowing difficulties should be managed by multidisciplinary "dysphagia team". The team should include an otorhinolaryngologist, neurologist, radiologist, gastroenterologist, surgeon, dietitian, speech and language therapist and specially trained nurses. Conclusion Aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is a very rare cause of dysphagia. Mild to moderate symptoms can be in great disproportion with the severe condition which causes them.

  10. Coinfection: A Case Report

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    Huldah I. Nwokeukwu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Tuberculosis is a major public health problem, and its control has been facing a lot of challenges with emergence of HIV. The occurrence of multidrug-resistant strain has also propounded the problem especially in children where diagnosis is difficult to make. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB is in vitro resistant to isoniazid (H and rifampicin (R. Paediatric multi-drug resistant tuberculosis with HIV coinfection is rare, and there is no documented report from Nigeria. Objective. To report a case of paediatric MDR-TB in Nigeria about it. Methods. The case note of the patient was retrieved, and relevant data were extracted and summarized. Results. A 9-year-old female HIV-positive pupil with a year history of recurrent cough, 3 months history of recurrent fever, and generalized weight loss was diagnosed and treated for tuberculosis but failed after retreatment. She was later diagnosed with MDR-TB and is presently on DOT-Plus regimen. Conclusion. Paediatric MDR-TB with HIV co-infection is rare. Early diagnosis and treatment is important to prevent spread of the disease. The use of Isoniazid preventive therapy is recommended for children who come in contact with patients with active tuberculosis and also for HIV patients without active tuberculosis.

  11. Pseudohypoaldosteronism: Case Report

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    Kazım Küçüktaşçı

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pseudohypoaldosteronism is a disease which occurs as a result of peripheral resistance to aldosterone and is characterised by salt wasting. Case Report: Hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, high renin and aldosterone levels were determined in the patient admitted with decrease in sucking and getting sleepy during breast-feeding. The case was diagnosed as systemic form of pseudohypoaldosteronism. His treatment was continued with oral salt. Conclusion: Pseudohypoaldosteronism has three types as primary, secondary and Gordon syndrome. Primary form is due to epithelial sodium channel and mineralocorticoid receptor gene mutation, whilst secondary form is frequently caused by urinary malformation and urinary tract infections. In Gordon syndrome, plasma aldosterone level is usuallly normal, and plasma renin activity is depressed, there is an adequate response to mineralocorticoids. Probability of secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism was investigated at the same time because of the urinary infection present in our subject. The patient was accepted as systemic form of primary pseudohypoaldosteronism because of positive sweat test result and prolonged salt necessity. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2009; 7: 151-3

  12. Scleroderma: a case report

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    Prachi Sankhe

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Scleroderma is systemic multi organ autoimmune disorder characterized by hardening of skin. Also known as systemic sclerosis. Estimated annual incidences of approximately 19 cases per million persons. The limited skin disease has a 10-year survival rate of 71%, whereas those with diffuse skin disease have a 10-year survival rate of just 21%. Risk is higher in women than men and peak in individuals aged 30-50 years. It has no definitive treatment. It may be limited or diffuse depending upon manifestations of symptoms or signs affecting internal organs especially lungs, heart, or kidney. We report a case of scleroderma with pulmonary hypertension and interstitial lung disease in our hospital who presented with tightening of skin, joint pain, dysphagia, and breathlessness. On examination skin appeared dark, shiny, and tight, with loss of hair, paraesthesia and digital ulceration. Patient also has history of Raynauds phenomenon. On investigation, Scl-70 and ANA (antinuclear antibodies by enzyme immunoassay came positive. HRCT thorax was suggestive of interstitial fibrosis and PFT revealed moderate restriction. On 2D echocardiography, mild pulmonary hypertension was present while barium swallow showed motility disorder involving oesophagus. On view of extensive systemic involvement like skin, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system and heart, we would like to present this rare disorder. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 802-804

  13. SIRENOMELIA: A CASE REPORT

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    Wankhede

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of Sirenomelia is thought to be about 1 in 65,000 live births (Oxford Medical database, Dysmorphology. In Sirenomelia, lower limbs are fused together. Common associated malformations include absent genitalia, imperforate anus, lumbosacral vertebral pelvic abnormalities and renal agenesis. Sirenomelia with craniorachischisis totalis (CT is a rare fetal malformation, only six cases have been reported in English literature (1-5 and none yet from Asia. Our case is of a 26 weeks fetus born to a 20-year-old primi mother and 24-year-old father. It was a lower category Hindu couple. Mother was anemic and was undergoing treatment for anemia. On USG examination of mother showed a single line fetus of 26 weeks placental calcification, marked oligohydramnios. The fetus weighs 250 grams of unidentifiable sex on external examination. There is absence of pubis, definite buttocks and single fused lower limb ending in a bifid foot with 5 toes. X-rays show no skeletal abnormality or absence of bones. Study of internal structures will be discussed later on.

  14. Otocephaly: a case report

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    Anshu Sharma

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A case of otocephaly was reported in 26+/-4 week's female fetus during routine fetal autopsy at GMCH, Chandigarh, India. Mother was 25 years old, second gravid. The first child is one year old normal male baby. Present pregnancy resulted in spontaneous abortion. Antenatal history, past history, family history and medical history of mother was not suggestive of any ethiological factor responsible for the defect. The external examination showed 2 vessels in umbilical cord. There was anteroposterior lengthening of skull, mouth was in the form of a proboscis with a small opening in the centre, the right ear was absent. The left pinna was low placed and had small tags. On internal examination oral cavity was found small with hypoplastic mandible, tongue was absent (aglossia, thoracic cavity was small, left lung was absent, right lung had only single lobe, heart dilated with normal position of major vessels, In abdominal cavity gut was opening in a dilated cloaca like chamber. X-ray examination revealed small hypoplastic mandible and maxilla. Otocephaly is a rare lethal syndrome of microstomia, agnatia and ear anomalies. Other anomalies associated are holoprosenxcephaly, skeletal, genitourinary, cardiovascular system, endocrine gland hypoplasia etc. The differential diagnosis includes Treacher Collins syndrome, Goldenhar syndrome and Mobius syndrome. The etiology, incidence, causative factors of this case will be discussed in light of available literature. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(4.000: 1286-1289

  15. NECROTIZING SIALOMETAPLASIA. CASE REPORT

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    A.I. Navazo Eguía

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NSM is a benign lesion affecting the salivary glands mainly in the hard palate. It presents as an ulcer with irregular borders, slightly elevated and necrotic The differential diagnosis should include malignant neoplasms. Case Report: A 26-year-old woman sought medical advice for a painful 2 cm ulceration of the hard palate. She is carrying pierced tongue. The patient had a history of cigarette smoking, chronic anxiety disorder and bulimia,. Analytical normal (including HIV and syphilis serology. Histopathology: accessory gland with squamous metaplasia, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia and conservation lobulararchitecture. She had an important improvement with total resolution of the lesion in 4 months Discussion: The NSM is a necrotizing inflammatory process. It presents as an ulcer located in the posterior hard palate or the junction between the hard and soft palate. This situation has been associated with local ischemia as surgical trauma, thromboangiitis obliterans, dentures, alcohol, snuff, cocaine, and certain malignancies such as lymphomas, rhabdomyosarcoma or Warthin tumor. Currently associated withbulimia, it being necessary suspected in young women. It is important to rule out neoplasms and infectious processes (tuberculosis or syphilis. Also consider subacute necrotizing sialadenitis, nonspecific acute inflammatory process of unknown cause, with focal necrosis without hyperplasia or ductal metaplasia pseudoepitheliomatous. Treatment is symptomatic and usually resolves in 2-3 months. Conclusion: The NSM is a benign lesion which may mimic neoplasia. The trend is toward resolution. It must be recognized to avoid unnecessary surgery.

  16. Osteopoikilosis - Case report

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    Vilson Ruci

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteopoikilosis is a rare bone anomaly usually benign which may be confused with other severe primary diseases or dangerous metastatic bone lesions. We present one new case describing typical radiological findings with no clinical signs or other associations. No malignant transformation or other complications happened in the last ten years. Osteopoikilosis is found in most cases incidentally, and in most cases is not associated with other serious medical complications. Screening of family members may be considered.

  17. Dioctophymiasis: A Rare Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauhan, Sapna; Kaval, Sunil; Tewari, Swati

    2016-02-01

    Dioctophyma renale commonly known as "giant kidney worm' is found in the kidney of carnivorous mammals. Human infestation is rare, but results in destruction of the kidneys. Very few cases have been reported worldwide. We are here reporting a case of Dioctophymiasis in a 35-year-old male patient who presented with retention of urine and subsequent passage of worm and blood in urine. The worm was confirmed as Dioctophyma renale based on its morphology and clinical presentation. This is a very rare case report and to best of our knowledge only two cases have been reported from India. PMID:27042466

  18. Pseudocide: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffey, M Justin; Ahmedani, Brian K

    2016-07-01

    The authors describe a case of "pseudocide" in which the patient appears to have feigned his own suicide. This case was identified as a result of a routine reconciliation of internally collected suicide data with government-collected mortality data. The authors discuss the evolution of the concept of pseudocide in the clinical literature and consider issues related to deceitful and factitious behaviors and suicide surveillance and measurement. PMID:27427845

  19. Iatrogenic psoas abscess. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernstein, Inge Thomsen; Hansen, B J

    1991-01-01

    A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago.......A case of iatrogenic pneumococcus psoas abscess is reported. The etiology was probably repeated local anaesthetic blockades in the lumbogluteal structures because of lumbago....

  20. Intrahepatic splenosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Splenosis is heterotopic autotransplantation and seeding of splenic tissue. In the literature, only a few cases of splenosis involving the liver and the radiologic characteristics of these lesions have been reported. We report a case of intrahepatic splenosis diagnosed by ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphic features. To our knowledge, our patient is the first case diagnosed only by radiologic and radionuclide examination without any intervention. (orig.)

  1. Medullomyoblastoma : A case report.

    OpenAIRE

    ArunKumar M; Chacko G; Chandi S; Chandy M

    1999-01-01

    Medullomyoblastoma is a rare tumour seen in childhood. We report a medullomyoblastoma occurring in the cerebellar vermis of a 4 year old boy. The light microscopic features, immunohistochemistry and histogenesis are described.

  2. Aglossia: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar Prashant; Chaubey K

    2007-01-01

    A female child of 4 years with congenital absence of tongue has been described. This anomaly is usually associated with other congenital defects particularly limb and other cranio-facial defects. But in this case, the child enjoys the normal life, the unusual absence of tongue; she used to go to school play around with her friends and had a comparable I.Q.

  3. Apert Syndrome. Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ninecta Pérez Breña

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The case of a white female aged 7 is evaluated in the Primary Care Service of the Barrio Adentro medical mission in Nueva Esparta state, Republic of Venezuela. After a clinical and radiological evaluation she is diagnosed with a genetic syndrome known as Apert Syndrome.

  4. Odontoameloblastoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amita Negi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontoameloblastoma (OA is an extremely rare odontogenic tumor that contains an ameloblastomatous component together with odontoma-like elements. Till date, very few cases have fulfilled the criteria of the current World Health Organization classification of odontogenic tumors. It is characterized by slow, progressively growing lesion with growth pattern similar to solid multi-cystic ameloblastoma. The majority of the tumors are associated with unerupted teeth and commonly seen in males. It is usually asymptomatic and may occur in either maxilla or mandible, but shows a slight predilection for mandible. As this tumor is extremely rare, there exists controversy regarding its treatment. Here, we present a case of OA in 17-year-old female patient resembling a fibro-osseous lesion and a brief review of the related literature.

  5. Odontoameloblastoma: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negi, Amita; Puri, Abhiney; Nangia, Rajat; Sachdeva, Alisha

    2015-01-01

    Odontoameloblastoma (OA) is an extremely rare odontogenic tumor that contains an ameloblastomatous component together with odontoma-like elements. Till date, very few cases have fulfilled the criteria of the current World Health Organization classification of odontogenic tumors. It is characterized by slow, progressively growing lesion with growth pattern similar to solid multi-cystic ameloblastoma. The majority of the tumors are associated with unerupted teeth and commonly seen in males. It is usually asymptomatic and may occur in either maxilla or mandible, but shows a slight predilection for mandible. As this tumor is extremely rare, there exists controversy regarding its treatment. Here, we present a case of OA in 17-year-old female patient resembling a fibro-osseous lesion and a brief review of the related literature. PMID:26604505

  6. Phagophobia: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Suraweera, Chathurie; Hanwella, Raveen; de Silva, Varuni

    2014-01-01

    Background Phagophobia is a rare disorder and the literature is sparse. There is no specific treatment described for this life threatening condition. Case presentation The patient is a 25-year-old Sri Lankan female with recurrent difficulty in swallowing. Following her initial episode which lasted one year, she presented to us with inability to swallow for one week. She was dependent on liquids and semisolids. The medical team confidently excluded an organic cause. She had difficulty swallowi...

  7. Prague Case Study Report

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kostelecký, Tomáš; Patočková, Věra; Illner, Michal; Vobecká, Jana; Čermák, Daniel

    Aarau: Centre for Democracy Studies Aarau (ZDA), 2014 - (Widmer, C.; Kübler, D.), s. 131-177 ISBN 978-3-9524228-2-3 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA700280802 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : urban neighbourhods * regeneration * Prague Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences http://www.zdaarau.ch/dokumente/en/ZDA_Working-Papers/No3_RUN_case-studies_2014.pdf

  8. CERVICAL SYNOVIAL CYST: CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Found, Ernest; Bewyer, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    A 47-year-old female school teacher with a six-week history of left-sided scapular and arm pain is presented. We report her evaluation and treatment Although lumbar degenerative synovial cysts have been reported over 200 times in the literature,6 cervical synovial cysts are much more rare. This case reports a cervicothoracic junction degenerative synovial cyst presenting as radiculopathy.

  9. Urachal endometrioma: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Browne, Katherine M

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We discuss a rare presentation of an unusual case of endometrioma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old Caucasian woman presented with subacute abdominal pain and a suprapubic mass. A final diagnosis was made after the mass was resected and histopathology confirmed an endometrioma originating from an urachal remnant. Select imaging studies and histopathology are presented in this case report. CONCLUSION: While endometriomata are well known to arise from abdominal scars, the condition described in this case report is a rare example of an endometrioma arising from the urachus. A review of the pathological complications of the urachus is also included.

  10. Gallbladder torsion. Case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, K; Rasmussen, O V

    1991-01-01

    Gallbladder torsion is a rare surgical emergency occurring primarily in elderly women. The anatomical background is a variation in the attachment of the gallbladder to the inferior margin of the liver. Increasing life span will probably lead to an increasing number of cases, and gallbladder torsion...... must be kept in mind in patients with sudden onset of pain in the upper right quadrant, nausea, vomiting, and a palpable mass. None of the laboratory routines or non-invasive examinations enables one to make the right preoperative diagnosis. Treatment is cholecystectomy. Promptly treated, the prognosis...

  11. Neurocysticercosis. Case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Serrano Ocaña

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available A female patient (15 years, from Eastern Cape, South Africa, was admitted in the hospital on July 13th, 2007 with general tonic-clonic convulsions. There was not history of epilepsy or fever convulsions and the patient denied alcohol, cigar or drugs consumption. The physical examination showed postictal confusion, without neurological deficit, neck rigidity or peripheral edema. Computer axial tomography was definitive for neurocysticercosis disgnosis. Since it is a serious health problem for the area the patient lives in, we decided to publish the case.

  12. Oral Myiasis: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Jimson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral myiasis is a rare disease caused by larvae of dipteran flies. Houseflies are strongly suspected of transmitting at least 65 diseases to humans, including typhoid fever, dysentery and cholera. Flies regurgitate and excrete wherever they come to rest and thereby mechanically are the root cause for disease organisms. A case of oral myiasis caused by Chrysomya bezziana in the maxillary anterior region in a 40-year-old patient is presented. Manual removal of maggots, and surgical debridement of wound was done followed by broad-spectrum anti-parasitic medications. A note on the identification of the larva and histopathology of the tissue is also highlighted here.

  13. [Otic myiasis. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Poggioli, Nicolás; Vázquez Barro, Juan Carlos

    2009-01-01

    Otic myiasis is rare in developed countries and is related to environmental conditions and poor hygiene. We present the case of a 65-year-old woman with pain and tinnitus in the left ear lasting for one week. Physical examination in the emergency room showed numerous dipteran larvae totally occupying the external auditory canal. After the diagnosis of otic myiasis, the larvae were removed and the patient was discharged after 24 hours of medical observation. The diagnosis of otic myiasis is by means of direct visualization of the larvae in the ear cavities and treatment includes the removal of larvae from the ear. Prognosis is generally good. PMID:19558911

  14. Peritoneal lymphomatosis: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peritoneal lymphomatosis is a rare manifestation of high grade lymphomas. Although it is difficult to differentiate peritoneal lymphomatosis from other peritoneal diseases such as peritoneal carcinomatosis and leiomyomatosis clinically and radiologically, it should be included in differential diagnosis because the disease is curable with chemotherapy. Consequently, radiologic diagnosis plays a very important role in the detection of this disease. We experienced two cases of peritoneal lymphomatosis with primary gastrointestinal lymphomas in the distal ileum. The two patients were 25 and 50-year-old males. Abdominal CT, ultrasound and barium study were performed on both patients. Both patients had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma confirmed with open or sonographically guided biopsies. Although radiologic appearances overlapped, characteristic findings of long-segmental circumscribed annular mass, aneurysmal luminal dilatation, small to moderate amount of ascites without septation or loculation, diffuse involvement of mesentery, omentum and peritoneum, and enlarged lymph nodes were helpful in narrowing the range of possible diagnoses

  15. Buschke Scleredema, case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. De Pasquale

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Buschke Scleredema is a rare connective tissue disorder of unknown aetiology, characterized by thickening of the dermis whose characteristics may mainly to mime systemic sclerosis, eosinophilic fasciitis and cutaneous amyloidosis. Scleredema may be associated with a history of an antecedent febrile illness, diabetes mellitus, or blood dyscrasia. Scleredema can be classified into three clinical groups; each has a different history, course, and prognosis. Each one of these share reduction in chest articular movements and limitation of limbs movements. The skin histology is characterised by thickened dermis and increased spaces between large collagen bundles due to increased deposition of mucopolysaccharide in the dermis. Differential diagnosis can be made considering the typical clinical features and the histologic peculiarity. No therapy has been found effective. The autors describe a case of Buschke Scleredema successfully treated by steroids and colchicines. Clinical evaluation of skin induration and thickness as well as ultrasonography were performed at baseline and after treatment.

  16. TETANUS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreelatha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Clostridium tetani is the causative agent of Tetanus. The aim was to detect the presence of Clostridium tetani in a case of suspected Tetanus in a 40 year old male who had history of handling a a thorn injury in the agricultural field 15 days ago. The patient presented with spasm of all the limb muscles and Lockjaw of 2 days duration together with history of convulsions for the last 3 days. Bits of tissue were collected from the necrotic depth of the wound abscess and were analyzed. Clostridium tetani was isolated. A diagnosis of Tetanus was made and the concerned authority was immediately notified. The patient was successfully treated with complete recovery. An early diagnosis of TETANUS is significant because it can help the clinician in early management and prevention of development of terminal respiratory failure and death

  17. PANCREATIC GASTRINOMA: CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Sayhan, Sevil; SAYHAN, Nilgun DİCLE1 Hasan

    2001-01-01

    In this study a 38 years old woman with a tumor measuring 5x4x3 cm located in the tail of the pancreas is reported The patient was on follow up for nine years because of complaints of repeated duodenal nisei's. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a solid mass located in the tail of pancreas. Grossly, the tumor was grayish-white in color and partly encapsulated. Microscopically, islets made of small, uniform, cuhoidal cells were separated by a highly vascular stroma Immuno...

  18. Typhoid spine - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh P

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of Salmonella typhi isolated from L4-L5 spine is reported here. The causative organism was not suspected preoperatively. The patient responded favourably to surgical drainage and appropriate antibiotic therapy.

  19. Secondary middle turbinate: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aburjeli, Bruna de Oliveira Melim; Avila, Ana Flavia Assis de; Diniz, Renata Lopes Furletti Caldeira; Motta, Emilia Guerra Pinto Coelho; Ribeiro, Marcelo Almeida; Moreira, Wanderval, E-mail: bruninha86@hotmail.com [Radiology and Imaging Diagnosis, Hospital Mater Dei, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2012-11-15

    Secondary middle turbinate is an anatomical variant rarely observed in the nasal cavity, firstly described by Khanobthamchai et al. as a bone structure originating from the lateral nasal wall and covered by soft tissue. In most cases reported in the literature, this variant is bilateral, occurring without associated complications. In the present report, the authors describe the case of patient of their institution with such anatomical variation. (author)

  20. Infantile Scurvy: Two Case Reports

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Ghedira Besbes; Samir Haddad; Chebil Ben Meriem; Mondher Golli; Mohamed-fadhel Najjar; Mohamed-Néji Guediche

    2010-01-01

    Background. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is necessary for the formation of collagen, reducing free radicals, and aiding in iron absorption. SCURVY, a disease of dietary ascorbic acid deficiency, is uncommon today. It still exists in high risk groups including economically disadvantaged populations with poor nutrition. The incidence of SCURVY in the pediatric population is very low. Cases Report. Here we report two cases of SCURVY revealed by subperiosteal hematoma in children with cerebral palsy...

  1. Cephalic Tetanus: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    F. L. Bukar; Atuanya, C. I.; Abdulhafiz, U.; M A Alhaji

    2011-01-01

    A case report of cephalic tetanus in a 2-year-old girl who was not immunized against tetanus following suppurative otitis media (SOM) is presented. This case is reported because of the rarity of cephalic tetanus associated with high mortality, to highlight the risk of cephalic tetanus as sequelae of SOM and the need for proper aural care and prompt treatment of SOM. Primary immunization of all eligible children as well as booster vaccination at appropriate time as an effective management stra...

  2. Melorheostosis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Pereira Alpoim

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Melorheostosis is a rare disease (0.9/million habitants, characterized by linear hyperostosis along the cortex bone. It can affect any bone, being more frequent in long bones. The lesions tend to be segmental and unilateral. The etiology remains unknown although several theories proposed over the past year (vascular, inflammatory processes, embryonic defects or genetic. Show no significant difference between sexes or heredity. Clinical manifestations are mainly pain, deformity and joint stiffness. The diagnosis is obtained by combining the clinical findings with imaging studies (mainly radiography with typical image in "candle wax". There is no definitive or specific treatment, being always palliative. We describe a case of a patient of twenty-four years, followed in Orthopedic consultation since age eight, with a deformity of the right side of the body. X-rays showed hyperostosis of the bones of the limbs in the right side of the body (image in "candle wax". The patient is in physical therapy program and has a positive response to analgesia with ibuprofen.

  3. Pseudoachondroplasia: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radlović Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH is an autosomal dominant osteochondrodysplasia due to mutations in the gene encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. It is characterized by rhizomelic dwarfism, limb and vertebral deformity, joint laxity and early onset osteoarthrosis. We present the girl with the early expressed and severe PSACH born to clinically and radiographically unaffected parents. Case Outline. A 6.5-year-old girl presented with short-limbed dwarfism (body height 79.5 cm,

  4. Arthrogryposis - case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana CEVEI

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Arthrogryposis is a congenital disorder characterized by multiple joint contractures found throughout the body at birth. We present the case of a 3.5 year-old girl with multiple congenital defects: arthrogryposis involving bilateral hip, knee and ankle joints, together with sacral agenesis and with lumbar dysmorphism, anorectal agenesis, hydronephrosis of the left kidney as the result from reflux, right kidney hypoplasia, renal fusion and heart anomalies: tetralogy of Fallot. Immediately after birth, in several steps, colostomy, left ureterocystoneostomy and suprapubic cystostomy were performed. Later in infancy corrective surgery for the heart defect was required. At the age of 2 years, surgery for the equinovarus deformities and for left genu flexum was performed. Medical rehabilitation tries to maximize independent function. The main goals were increasing the muscle tonus of upper-limbs, increase the rate of motion of the joints, establishment of stability for ambulation, learning different schemes of movement according to her needs, obtaining of a functional independency. The therapies were successful, after 10 weeks an improvement of the moving capacity and of the transfer in orthostatism with minimal external assistance, with the obvious increasing of the patient's satisfaction, were noticed.

  5. [Synovial sarcoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deme, Dániel; Abdulfatah, Bishr; Telekes, András

    2016-02-01

    In 2013 there were 94,770 new cancer patients reported in Hungary. Synovial sarcoma accounts for 0.05-0.1% of all cancers and, therefore its incidence is predicted to be 47-94 patients/year in Hungary. The authors report the history of a 18-year-old man who was operated on a right upper abdominal wall tumor with R1 resection. During the next 5 months the tumor grew up to 8 cm in largest diameter. Histology revealed monophasic synovial sarcoma. Immunohistochemistry showed bcl2, focal CD99 and high molecular weight cytokeratin positivity, while smooth muscle actin, S100 and CD34 immunostainings were negative. Becose of this reoperation was not possible, curative six cycles of doxorubicine and ifosfamide with granulocyte colony stimulating factor support and 60 Gy radiotherapy was given to the tumor bed. After these treatments computed tomography scan was negative and the patient attended regular imaging every 3 months. At the age of 20 years the patient developed two neoplastic lesions in the surgical scar measuring 10 mm and 45 × 10 mm in size. R0 resection, partial rib resection and abdominal wall reconstruction were performed. Histology confirmed residual monophasic synovial sarcoma. Radiotherapy was not given because of a risk of intestinal wall perforation. Staging positron emission tomography-computed tomography proved to be negative. At the age of 22 years magnetic resonance imaging scans indicated no tumor recurrence, but after one month a rapidly growing tumorous lesion was found on ultrasound in the surgical scar measuring 20 × 20 × 12 mm in size. Cytology confirmed local recurrence and fluorescence in situ hibridization indicated t(x;18). R0 exstirpation and partial mesh resection were performed and histology showed the same monophasic synovial sarcoma. Because of the presence of vascular invasion and a close resection margin (1 mm) the patient underwent 3 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (doxorubicine and ifosfamide) with granulocyte colony stimulating

  6. Paragonimiasis: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Kyung Hyeo; Park, Mi Jung; Bae, Kyung Soo; Choi, Hae Young; Choi, Ho Cheol; Na, Jae Boem; Choi, Dae Seob; Kim, Ho Cheol; Jang, In Seok; Kim, Dong Chul [Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-11-15

    Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is a parasitic infection caused by lung flukes including Paragonimus westermani. Paragonimiasis usually occurs from ingestion of raw or improperly cooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. Pleural or lung parenchymal lesions are commonly found on CT or chest radiographs, and radiologic manifestations of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis vary with the stage of the disease. Early findings include pneumothorax or hydrothorax, focal air-space consolidation, and linear opacities. Later findings include thin-walled cysts, mass-like consolidation, nodules, or bronchiectasis. Pulmonary paragonimiasis often can be mistaken for pulmonary tuberculosis in tuberculosis-endemic areas or lung cancer when it presents as a solitary pulmonary nodule. Intraperitoneal or ectopic lesions such as those in the retroperitoneum can form during migration of a juvenile worm from the small intestine to the lungs. Although the symptoms and signs of pulmonary paragonimiasis are nonspecific, an early diagnosis can be made if radiologists understand the pathogenesis and typical imaging findings of the disease. The purpose of this report was to demonstrate the various imaging findings of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis and to review articles to help radiologists make a proper diagnosis.

  7. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma: case report

    OpenAIRE

    POLAT, Mesut; Arisoy, Resul; Erdoğdu, Emre; ANGIN, A.Doğukan; TUĞRUL, Ahmet Semih

    2014-01-01

    Aim: Aim of the report is discuss the case who was prenatally diagnosed as congenital mesoblastic nephroma and  postnatal managenent. Case: We reported a case of 27 year old gravida 3, parity 1, abortion 1 referred to our clinic with the diagnosis of preterm labour and polihydramniosis at 34. gestational week. The ultrasonografic examination of the patient, with no antenatal follow up before, revealed a fetal biometry of 33 weeks and polyhydramniosis. A 63x66 mm solid mass with reguler border...

  8. Pancardiac tuberculosis - a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lad, Shilpa K; Amonkar, Gayathri

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculous involvement of the heart though not common has been reported in literature. Pericardium is commonly involved followed by the myocardium. Endocardial involvement is rare. We would like to report a case of a 14-year-old female with florid and extensive involvement of all the layers of the heart by tuberculosis. PMID:26507144

  9. WOMB STONE: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankareswari

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of calcified fibroid in a 34 year old reproductive female, persisting for more than nine years, with secondary infertility, without symptoms. Final diagnosis of calcified fibroid was made through radio-diagnosis. When the whole of the tumour is converted into a calcified mass, it is called ‘womb stone’. [1] A calcified fibroid in reproductive age group is very rare. Hence we are presenting this case.

  10. Intestinal actinomycosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intestinal actinomycosis: a case report. The authors describe a case of intestinal actinomycosis, which was manisfestated by abdominal mass and suggested, clinical and radiologically, a bowel carcinoma. They discuss the pathogenesis, and the clinical and radiological manisfestations of this disease, and its differential diagnosis. This is an infrequent disease which must be considered whenever suggestive clinical aspects are associated with a radiological ''malignant pattern'' of a bowel lesion. (author)

  11. Acute Echinococcosis: a Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Di Comite, Gabriele; Dognini, Giuseppina; Gaiera, Giovanni; Ieri, Rossella; Praderio, Luisa

    2000-01-01

    We report the case of a 69-year-old man with acute pulmonary echinococcosis. A computed tomographic scan of the thorax revealed the presence of multiple nodules in both lungs, and laboratory tests showed eosinophilia and the presence of antibodies against Echinococcus granulosus. Therapy with albendazole led to resolution of the pulmonary nodules and a normalization of the white cell count. To our knowledge this is the first described case of acute echinococcosis, as the diagnosis of this dis...

  12. Dioctophymiasis: A Rare Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Chauhan, Sapna; Kaval, Sunil; Tewari, Swati

    2016-01-01

    Dioctophyma renale commonly known as “giant kidney worm’ is found in the kidney of carnivorous mammals. Human infestation is rare, but results in destruction of the kidneys. Very few cases have been reported worldwide. We are here reporting a case of Dioctophymiasis in a 35-year-old male patient who presented with retention of urine and subsequent passage of worm and blood in urine. The worm was confirmed as Dioctophyma renale based on its morphology and clinical presentation. This is a very ...

  13. Intrapericardial Hemangioma: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Nalini

    2013-01-01

    Hemangiomas of the pericardium are very rare primary pericardial tumours. Very few cases of pericardial hemangioma have been reported in the literature till date. We are reporting a case of a 40 years old male who presented with the complaints of chest discomfort and palpitation on exertion, of 3 months duration. ECHO and Colour Doppler ECHO which were done, revealed a large heterogeneous mass which measured 7.6 × 7.1cms, which was possibly attached to the roof and the anterior surface of the...

  14. Nonspecific Hyperamylasemia: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Wiederkehr

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context The elevation of serum amylase and lipase are generally associated with pancreatic diseases. However they can be associated with different pathologies unrelated with amylase and lipase. Case report This paper aims to report a case of a patient diagnosed with nonspecific hyperamylasemia and warn of this possibility in the differentiation of hyperamylasemia. Conclusion The correct diagnosis of silent hyperamylasemia is important in order to determine whether there is the risk of pancreatic disease or if we are just ahead of a benign hyperenzymemia.

  15. Infantile Scurvy: Two Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Ghedira Besbes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C is necessary for the formation of collagen, reducing free radicals, and aiding in iron absorption. SCURVY, a disease of dietary ascorbic acid deficiency, is uncommon today. It still exists in high risk groups including economically disadvantaged populations with poor nutrition. The incidence of SCURVY in the pediatric population is very low. Cases Report. Here we report two cases of SCURVY revealed by subperiosteal hematoma in children with cerebral palsy and developmental delay. Conclusion. SCURVY is extremely rare in children. Musculoskeletal manifestations are prominent in pediatric SCURVY. Multiple subperiosteal hematomas are an important indicator for diagnosis.

  16. Cardiac leiomyosarcoma, a case report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rikke; Kristensen, Bjarne W; Gill, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    In this case report we present the history of a patient admitted with recurrent pulmonary edema. Transesophageal chocardiography showed a tumour in the left atrium, occluding the ostium of the mitral valve and mimicking intermittent mitral stenosis. Cardiac surgery followed by pathological...... examination revealed that the tumour was a leiomyosarcoma. Images from the echocardiography as well as the pathological findings are shown and discussed. The present case report illustrates that atrial tumors comprise also sarcomas, suggesting the use of careful, rapid diagnostic procedures and treatment to...

  17. How to write a neurology case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rison, Richard A

    2016-01-01

    Neurology case reports have a long history of transmitting important medical information across many generations for the improvement of patient care. Case reports contribute much to the physician's knowledge base from which treatment hypotheses and ideas form. Elements of a modern case report, as presented in the CARE (CAse REport) guidelines, include the abstract, introduction, case presentation, discussion, conclusion, patient's perspective, and consent statement. The sections are described here, as well as the application of CARE guidelines to a published neuromuscular case report. Writing case reports offer an ideal opportunity for neurologists to publish interesting case findings and carry on the tradition of neurologic case reporting. PMID:27048575

  18. Marfan Syndrome: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Rajendran Ganesh; Rajendran Vijayakumar; Haridoss Selvakumar

    2012-01-01

    Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant systemic disorder of the connective tissue. Children affected by the Marfan syndrome carry a mutation in one of their two copies of the gene that encodes the connective tissue protein fibrillin-1. Marfan syndrome affects most organs and tissues, especially the skeleton, lungs, eyes, heart, and the large blood vessel that distributes blood from the heart to the rest of the body. A case report of Marfan syndrome has been reported with oral features. The ...

  19. Craniofacial Duplication: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Suryawanshi, Pradeep; Deshpande, Mandar; Verma, Nitin; Mahendrakar, Vivek; Mahendrakar, Sandhya

    2013-01-01

    A craniofacial duplication or diprosopus is an unusual variant of conjoined twinning. The reported incidence is one in 180,000-15 million births and 35 cases have been reported till date. The phenotype is wide, with the partial duplication of a few facial structures to complete dicephalus. A complete duplication is associated with a high incidence of anomalies in the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system and the respiratory system, whereas no major anomalies a...

  20. LICHEN STRIATUS – CASE REPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caius Solovan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Lichen striatus is an acquired linear inflammatory dermatosis, not frequently reported, with a peculiar clinical aspect, most often described in adults, with a poor response to treatment. We described 4 cases of lichen striatus diagnosed over an 8-month period of time.

  1. Parietal intraparenchymal Schwannoma: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seong Hwan; Chung, Tae Woong; Yoon, Woong; Jeong, Gwang Woo; Kang, Heoung Keun [Chonnam National University Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-10-15

    We report a case of an intraparenchymal schwannoma of the left parietal lobe. A 51-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of intermittent headaches. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance images revealed a 1.3 cm sized intra-axial homogeneous enhancing mass in the left parietal lobe. The lesion was pathologically confirmed to be a schwannoma.

  2. Parietal intraparenchymal Schwannoma: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of an intraparenchymal schwannoma of the left parietal lobe. A 51-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of intermittent headaches. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance images revealed a 1.3 cm sized intra-axial homogeneous enhancing mass in the left parietal lobe. The lesion was pathologically confirmed to be a schwannoma

  3. Gorlin syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Darjani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which characterize by multi-organ abnormities such as odontogenic keratocysts in the jaw, skeletal abnormities and multiple basal cell carcinoma etc. We report a case of this syndrome in a young man with palmar pits, multiple facial BCC, clacifications of the falx cerebri and bifid rib.

  4. [Progressive extrinsic ophthalmoplegia; case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nóbrega, J A; Erwenne, C M; Vilanova, L C; Lima, J G

    1979-12-01

    A case of progressive ophtalmoplegia and ptosis affecting a 12 year old boy is reported. A miopatic pattern was detected by the electromyography, the cerebrospinal fluid showed an increase of the protein content and retinal pigmentary degeneration was detected. This findings call the attention for a more widespread degenerative disorders affecting not only the muscular sistem but other organs as well. PMID:533389

  5. RETT'S SYNDROME : A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Vinay

    2001-01-01

    Rett's syndrome is a rare condition affecting only the girl child. It presents as a pervasive developmental disorder with a remarkable behavioural phenotype. The cause for this remains unknown but genetic factors and brain dysfunction have been implicated. This case report emphasises the importance of being aware of rare yet significant disorders of interest to neuro-developmental psychiatrists.

  6. Lithium nephropathy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Reis Pereira-Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Although widely used in the management of bipolar disorder, lithium may cause adverse kidney effects. The importance of the present study is to report the case of a 59-year-old woman who was under regular treatment with lithium for bipolar disorder and whose imaging studies demonstrated the presence of multiple renal microcysts, suggesting lithium nephropathy as main diagnostic hypothesis.

  7. Fetal Amelia: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammed Abdul-Latif; Asfhaq Ahmed; Shahila Tanzeem; Nihal Al Riyami

    2012-01-01

     Congenital limb defects are rare fetal anomalies with a birth prevalence of 0.55 per 1,000. Amelia is an extremely rare birth defect marked by the complete absence of one or more limbs. We report a case of fetal amelia, ultrasound findings, manifestations and the fetal outcome.

  8. Tailgut cyst. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deltour, D; Veys, E

    2011-01-01

    Tailgut cysts, also called retro-rectal cystic hamartomas or mucin-secreting cysts, are uncommon vestigial masses. They can become complicated with infection or neoplastic degeneration. Surgery is the only treatment. We report here a case of a tailgut cyst in a 60-year-old female, that was discovered 10 years ago but not investigated. PMID:21780528

  9. [Simultaneous bilateral pneumothorax. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paolini, A; Caminiti, F; Tosato, F; Ruggieri, M; Paolini, G; Carnevale, L; Corsini, F; Marano, S; Monsellato, I

    2001-04-01

    A case report of a 44 year-old white man admitted to the surgical unit for a bilateral simultaneous pneumothorax is presented. The pneumothorax occurred on day one after a surgical operation for discal hernia; in the past the patient already presented a right spontaneous pneumothorax at 32 years of age and a left pneumothorax at 37 years of age, both treated with a pleural drainage. A thoracic drain was bilaterally positioned with a good result only in the right side. The persistence of the left pneumothorax induced the authors to perform a postero-lateral thoracotomy bullae excision and pleurectomy with a good postoperative course. After a few months a new right pneumothorax occurred and the patient was treated with a right postero-lateral thoracotomy, bullae resection and pleurectomy. On the basis of the case reported, the authors consider the different opportunities in the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax in relation to the present knowledges and technologies. Surgical procedure is to be preferred in case of persistence of pneumothorax despite a pleural drain and in case of pneumothorax in high risk subjects. Even if thoracoscopy seems to give better results regarding postoperative pain, it is not always possible with such a method to perform a careful pleurectomy neither to obtain it in all cases (above all in secondary pneumothorax). Every case must then be carefully studied to choose the best treatment at present available. PMID:11353349

  10. Poland's syndrome (a case report)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Congenital partial or complete unilateral absence of the sternocostal portion of the pectoralis muscles associated with syndactyly of the ipsilateral hand was first described in 1841 by Alfred Poland. The syndrome is not hereditary and is of unknown origin. Approximately 100 cases of Poland's syndrome have been reported. It affects males more frequently than females and the right side is more often affected than the left. The clinical features are variable but always include congenital hypolasia and soft tissue syndactyly. Pearl et al stressed the need for adequate radiographic evaluation of the chest and hands of all patients with syndactyly, and recently many authors reported increased incidence of acute leukemia in patient with Poland's syndrome. This report will document a typical case of Poland's syndrome with the review of literature

  11. CASE REPORT: Chorangiophagus Parasiticus: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjit Kangle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Malformations are common in twin pregency compared to singleton pregnancy. One such rare anomaly is Chorangiophagus parasiticus also known as twin to twin transfusion which is an asymmetric abnormality of monozygotic twins, where asymmetric twin survive by parasitisizing normal twin. It’s a rare condition with an incidence of 1 in 35.000 deliveries. We report such a case with complete autopsy findings.

  12. Case report on anorexia nervosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeti Srinivasa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive restriction on food intake and irrational fear of gaining weight, often accompanied by a distorted body self-perception. It is clinically diagnosed more frequently in females, with type and severity varying with each case. The current report is a case of a 25-year-old female, married for 5 years, educated up to 10 th standard, a homemaker, hailing from an upper social class Hindu (Marvadi family, living with husband′s family in Urban Bangalore; presented to our tertiary care centre with complaints of gradual loss of weight, recurrent episodes of vomiting, from a period of two years, menstrual irregularities from 1 year and amenorrhea since 6 months, with a probable precipitating factor being husband′s critical comment on her weight. Diagnosis of atypical anorexia nervosa was made, with the body mass index (BMI being 15.6. A multidisciplinary therapeutic approach was employed to facilitate remission. Through this case report the authors call for the attention of general practitioners and other medical practitioners to be aware of the symptomatology of eating disorders as most patients would overtly express somatic conditions similar to the reported case so as to facilitate early psychiatric intervention.

  13. Odontoameloblastoma: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosca Rodrigo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontoameloblastoma (OA is a very rare mixed odontogenic neoplasm, characterized by the simultaneous occurrence of an ameloblastoma and a compound or complex odontoma in the same tumor mass. To date, less than 50 cases of OA and/or ameloblastic odontoma have been reported in the English dental literature. This neoplasm was called ameloblastic odontoma. The term OA was included in the 1971 WHO classification. In this study, we present two cases of OA, which we hope will contribute to the awareness and knowledge of surgeons regarding the existence of this odontogenic tumor so that patients having it may be treated and followed-up properly.

  14. Erupted odontoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raval, Nilesh; Mehta, Dhaval; Vachhrajani, Kanan; Nimavat, Abhishek

    2014-07-01

    Odontomas are nonaggressive, hamartomatous developmental malformations or lesions of odontogenic origin, which consist of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulpal tissue 'Erupted odontoma' is a term used to specifically denote odontomas, which are exposed into the oral cavity. These are rare entities with only 25-30 cases being reported so far in the dental literature. Here, we present a rare case of an erupted odontoma in an adolescent patient who came with a complaint of bad aesthetics due to the presence of multiple small teeth like structures in the upper front teeth region. PMID:25177649

  15. Case Report on Anorexia Nervosa

    OpenAIRE

    Preeti Srinivasa; Chandrashekar, M; Nikitha Harish; Gowda, Mahesh R.; Sumit Durgoji

    2015-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive restriction on food intake and irrational fear of gaining weight, often accompanied by a distorted body self-perception. It is clinically diagnosed more frequently in females, with type and severity varying with each case. The current report is a case of a 25-year-old female, married for 5 years, educated up to 10 th standard, a homemaker, hailing from an upper social class Hindu (Marvadi) family, living with husband′s family i...

  16. Malaria and stroke: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEOPOLDINO JOSÉ FÁBIO SANTOS

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is a parasitic disease with high prevalence in several regions of the world. Infestation by Plasmodium faciparum can, in some cases, affect the central nervous system producing encephalitis resulting in death or neurological sequelae. The mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of the cerebral lesion are not totally clear and there are currently two theories (mechanical and humoral concerning this. We report a case of malaria with an atypical evolution, with a stroke lesion in the territory of the middle cerebral artery, with no association with encephalitis. We conclude that the mechanical theory is the one applicable to this patient.

  17. Medicamentosa keratoconjunctivitis: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiemela C. Okoro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of medicamentosa keratoconjunctivitis in a 42-year-old woman who complained of eye redness, blurred vision and pain after using inappropriate medications for treatment. Examination revealed severe conjunctival injection as well as punctate stains on the corneas. The patient was advised to stop her former medications and was prescribed an artificial tear supplement, an antibiotic-steroid combination and a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Possible conditions that could elicit similar clinical features are highlighted. The purpose of the case report is to raise issues relating to drug-induced allergic/sensitivity reactions based on recent clinical and experimental reports and also the roles of active ingredients and preservatives.Keywords: Superficial punctate epitheliopathy; Medicamentosa; Factitious disease; Dry eye syndrome; Benzalkonium chloride

  18. Collodion Baby - a Case Report

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    Stojanović Vesna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Colloidon baby describes a highly characteristic clinical entity in newborns encased in a yellowish translucent membrane resembling collodion. In most cases the condition either precedes the development of one of a variety of ichthyoses, the commonest of which are lamellar ichthyosis and non-bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma, or occasionally represents an initial phase of other ichthyoses such as ichthyosis vulgaris. In at least 10% of all cases of collodion baby, the condition is followed by a mild ichthyosis of lamellar type, so mild as to be considered more or less normal, so-called self-healing collodion baby or ‘lamellar ichthyosis of the newborn’. In this report we present a rare case of collodion baby in whom, after collodion membrane peeled-off, the skin retained normal appearance.

  19. Graphite oral tattoo: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Moraes, Renata Mendonça; Gouvêa Lima, Gabriela de Morais; Guilhermino, Marinaldo; Vieira, Mayana Soares; Carvalho, Yasmin Rodarte; Anbinder, Ana Lia

    2015-01-01

    Pigmented oral lesions compose a large number of pathological entities, including exogenous pigmentat oral tattoos, such as amalgam and graphite tattoos. We report a rare case of a graphite tattoo on the palate of a 62-year-old patient with a history of pencil injury, compare it with amalgam tattoos, and determine the prevalence of oral tattoos in our Oral Pathology Service. We also compare the clinical and histological findings of grafite and amalgam tattoos. Oral tattoos affect women more f...

  20. Noonan syndrome: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Asokan S; Muthu M; Rathna Prabhu V

    2007-01-01

    Noonan syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by facial dysmorphia, short stature, cardiac defects and skeletal malformations. It may be sporadic or inherited as an autosomal dominant or recessive trait and occurs, one in 1000-2500 children. This is a case report of a 13 year-old girl who was referred by a general dental practitioner to a pediatric dentist for management. Full mouth dental rehabilitation was done and the child was brought to a dental institution for correction of ...

  1. Neonatal varicella: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bhardwaj AK; Sharma PD; Sharma A

    2011-01-01

    Chicken pox is an infectious childhood disease. It is rare in infants and newborns due to passive immunity received from the mother. The characteristic skin eruptions in chicken pox are vesicular with erythematous base and accompanied with pruritus. The skin of the palms and soles is typically spared. We report a case of neonatal varicella where the mother was having skin eruptions at the time of delivery and the neonate contracted it during the perinatal period and developed clinical disease...

  2. Targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma - Case report*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakizaki, Priscila; Valente, Neusa Yuriko Sakai; Paiva, Daniele Loureiro Mangueira; Dantas, Fernando Luiz Teixeira; Gonçalves, Sheila Viana Castelo Branco

    2014-01-01

    Targetoid Hemosiderotic Hemangioma, also known as Hobnail Hemangioma, is a lesion of vascular origin, probably lymphatic. The most common clinical feature is a solitary violaceous papule surrounded by a pale, thin area and a peripheral ecchymotic ring, simulating a target. Histopathologically, there is a biphasic pattern, with dilated vessels in the superficial dermis and pseudoangiosarcomatous pattern in the deep dermis, and endothelial cells with hobnail morphology. A simple excision is curative. We report a rare case of Targetoid Hemosiderotic Hemangioma. PMID:25387500

  3. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    MANSOURI NEJAD, Seyed Ebrahim; Mohammad Javad YAZDAN PANAH; Tayyebi Meibodi, Naser; ASHRAFZADEH, Farah; Beiraghi Toosi, Mehran; Akhondian, Javad; ESLAMIEH, Hossein

    2014-01-01

    How to Cite This Article: Mansouri Nejad SE, Yazdan panah MJ, Tayyebi Meibodi N, Ashrafzadeh F, Akhondian J, BeiraghiToosi M, Eslamieh H. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Autumn;8(4): 72-75.ObjectiveGriscelli syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive immune deficiency disorder that presents with pigmentary dilution of the skin and hair, recurrent skin and pulmonary infections, neurologic problems, hypogammaglobulinemia, and variable cellular immunodeficiency. Thr...

  4. NEUROFIBROMATOSIS TYPE I: CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Neha,; Poonam; Baberwal; Hemant

    2014-01-01

    : Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a term that has been applied to a variety of related syndromes, characterized by neuro ectodermal tumors arising within multiple organs and autosomal-dominant inheritance. Neurofibromatosis type I(NF-1), known as well as Recklinghausen’s disease, we have presented a case report of 10 year old boy with complain of scalp swelling on right postero-lateral aspect of scalp with multiple flat, hypo pigmented macule on back, neck. On radiology work up ...

  5. Metachronous osteosarcoma; A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metachronous osteosarcoma is a rare disease. The radiological and histological findings of each lesion of metachronous osteosarcoma are not different from the usual osteosarcoma. But it is known to be different from the synchronous, multifocal osteosarcoma in regard to the late development of secondary tumor, distribution of the tumors and prognosis. We report a case of metachronous osteosarcoma in a 6 year old girl with review of the literatures

  6. CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS: A RARE CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Subhash Reddy; Arzitha; Manmohan

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Chromoblastomycosis belongs to the heterogeneous group of subcutaneous mycoses. It is caused by various pigmented (Dematiaceous) fungi, which gain entry into the skin via traumatic implantation. We would like to share a case report of chromoblastomycosis in a 30-year-old male, who presented to DVL OP Osmania General Hospital with the complaints of slowly progressive, raised itchy lesions over abdomen, limbs and back since 1yr. He has been treated with itraconazole 2...

  7. Periodontal microsurgery: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Kapadia, Janak Anil; Bhedasgoankar, Surekha Y.; Bhandari, Saurabh Dilip

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to limelight the benefit of periodontal microsurgery in the surgical disciplines. It reviews the benefits and potential applications of magnification and microsurgery in the specialty of periodontics and a case report on microsurgical approach for free gingival graft surgery in the treatment of gingival recession. The increased demand for mucogingival esthetics has required the optimization of periodontal procedures. Microsurgery is a minimally invasive techniqu...

  8. HYPEREOISNOPHILIC SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satya Srinivas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We report a 28years old male presenting with syncope. A thorough clinical evaluation directed us towards cardiac syncope. Doppler echocardiographic study was used as a main modality of diagnosis and cardiac catheterization confirmed the diagnosis of restrictive cardiomyopathy. We express the contribution of clinical findings and appropriate diagnostic measures in approaching a rare case of systemic eosinophilic syndrome, presenting as restrictive cardiomyopathy.

  9. Gorlin syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil K

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Gorlin syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited condition that exhibits high penetrance and variable expressivity. It is characterized mainly by Basal cell carcinomas, Odontogenic keratocysts and skeletal anomalies. However, medical literature documents both common and lesser known manifestations of the disorder involving the skin, central nervous system, skeletal system etc. Diagnosis of the syndrome in childhood is basically through oral abnormalities. A case of Gorlin syndrome has been reported here, with review of literature.

  10. Pseudo-narcolepsy: case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Hicks, J A; Shapiro, C M

    1999-01-01

    This report describes the case of a 44-year-old woman presenting to a Sleep and Alertness clinic with symptoms of narcolepsy. The patient had clinical and polysomnographic features of narcolepsy, which disappeared after disclosure of severe psychological stress. Following a discussion of the differential diagnosis of narcolepsy, alternative diagnoses are considered. The authors suggest that the patient had a hysterical conversion disorder, or "pseudo-narcolepsy." Careful inquiry into psycholo...

  11. A CASE REPORT OF APHALLIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sasirekha; Ashok Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Aphallia is a complex urogenital malformation with an occurrence of 1 in every 30 million births; only 75 cases have been reported in the literature till recently 1, 2. A one month old infant was brought to our hospital with aphallia. The child was born of an uncomplicated pregnancy with no family history of any other congenital anomalies or consanguinity. Examination revealed a well-child with an absent penis. The child had a normal scrotum with bilaterally descended testis. ...

  12. Syphilitic gastritis: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Syphilitic involvement of the stomach often takes the appearance of neoplastic conditions. We describe the radiological findings of syphilitic gastritis. A 36 year old man was diagnosed with gastric cancer by upper GI and CT, but syphilitic gastritis was confirmed by endoscopy and upper GI series performed after penicillin therapy. We report a case of syphilitic gastritis presented as advanced stomach cancer by clinical, endoscopic and radiological study

  13. RHUPUS SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Sudhir; Govind; Amit; Amit Kumar; Ashis

    2014-01-01

    : Rhupus syndrome, overlap of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) & Systemic Lupus Erythematosis (SLE), is an extremely uncommon condition. Further involvement of lung (pneumonitis) is rare. We are reporting a case of 28yr old female with multiple joint pain for 10- 12yrs, diagnosed & treated as rheumatoid arthritis for 4 months. She presented with increased severity of joint pain along with high grade fever, chest pain, and decreased appetite. On further investigation, she was found...

  14. Nasal Schwannoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siu-Navarro YJ, Pérez-Carbajal AJ

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Schwannomas are benign tumors that arise from Schwann cells peripheral nerves sheath. About 25-45% occur in the head and neck and only 4% of these tumors involve the sinunasal tract.Objective: To provide, through a clinic case and lecture review, the clinical and radiopatology findings of a bening and unusual tumors, as are the Nasal schwannomas. Case Report: We report a case of a young woman with nasal schwannoma, who complain of left nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea, which after subsequent imaging studies, surgical and pathology analisis, diagnosis was found. Sustained a favorable clinical evolution.Results and Discussion: The clinic and radiologic findings are nonspecific, depend upon the location or size of the tumor and subsequent involvement of surrounding structures, but generally present as a mass with less agressive behavior. The elective treatment is surgery, confirming this disease by microscopic and immunohistochemistry studies.Conclusion: Given these aspects must be considered nasal schwannomas within the differential diagnosis of a tumor with less aggressive behavior, clinical-radiological, because implies good results for the patient and unusual recurrence after surgery.

  15. Myxoid adrenocortical adenoma: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yu; WU Yu-xuan; ZHANG Chong-yu; ZHAO Ju-ping; RUI Wen-bin; HE Hong-chao; SHEN Zhou-jun

    2008-01-01

    @@ Myxoid adrenocorticfal adenomas are extremely rare with only 24 cases reported.1-12 The first case was reported by Tang et al1 in 1979 which was diagnosed as a myxoid adrenocortical carcinoma. Nearly all the reports were of single case except Browen et al3 who described a group of 14 cases. We report here an additional case of myxoid adrenocortical adenoma with an immunohistochemical study of the tumor and discuss the diagnosis with reference to the current literature.

  16. How to write a neurology case report

    OpenAIRE

    Rison, Richard A

    2016-01-01

    Neurology case reports have a long history of transmitting important medical information across many generations for the improvement of patient care. Case reports contribute much to the physician’s knowledge base from which treatment hypotheses and ideas form. Elements of a modern case report, as presented in the CARE (CAse REport) guidelines, include the abstract, introduction, case presentation, discussion, conclusion, patient’s perspective, and consent statement. The sections are described...

  17. Graphite oral tattoo: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraes, Renata Mendonça; Gouvêa Lima, Gabriela de Morais; Guilhermino, Marinaldo; Vieira, Mayana Soares; Carvalho, Yasmin Rodarte; Anbinder, Ana Lia

    2015-10-01

    Pigmented oral lesions compose a large number of pathological entities, including exogenous pigmentat oral tattoos, such as amalgam and graphite tattoos. We report a rare case of a graphite tattoo on the palate of a 62-year-old patient with a history of pencil injury, compare it with amalgam tattoos, and determine the prevalence of oral tattoos in our Oral Pathology Service. We also compare the clinical and histological findings of grafite and amalgam tattoos. Oral tattoos affect women more frequently in the region of the alveolar ridge. Graphite tattoos occur in younger patients when compared with the amalgam type. Histologically, amalgam lesions represent impregnation of the reticular fibers of vessels and nerves with silver, whereas in cases of graphite tattoos, this impregnation is not observed, but it is common to observe a granulomatous inflammatory response, less evident in cases of amalgam tattoos. Both types of lesions require no treatment, but in some cases a biopsy may be done to rule out melanocytic lesions. PMID:26632800

  18. [The congenital afibrinogenemia: case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brahem, Imen; Charfeddine, Bassem; Chraiti, Haythem; Ben Abdallah, Jihene; Ben Othmen, Leila; Neffati, Souhir; Ali Smach, Mohamed; Ltaief, Affef; Ksourri, Monia; Dridi, Hedi; Limem, Khalifa

    2010-01-01

    The deficiency in factor I or fibrinogen is a largely unknown genetic disease. It is a rare condition inherited as an autosomal recessive, whose clinical events are variable, ranging from moderate to minimal bleeding or cataclysmic hemorrhage. We report a case of congenital afibrinogenemia in a 17 years-old patient hospitalized in surgical ICU for hemoperitoneum medium abundance discovered by abdominal ultrasound performed before a picture of abdominopelvic pain lasting for 24 hours. Exploration led to the diagnosis of congenital afibrinogenemia with favorable evolution with a contribution of factor deficient. Through this case we raise the problem of congenital afibrinogenemia in diagnosis and the peculiarities of its management. PMID:20870582

  19. Schwann cell hamartoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bulfamante Gaetano

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Colorectal polyps of mesenchymal origin represent a small percentage of gastrointestinal (GI lesions. Nevertheless, they are encountered with increasing frequency since the widespread adoption of colonoscopy screening. Case presentation We report a case of a small colonic polyp that presented as intramucosal diffuse spindle cell proliferation with a benign cytological appearance, strong and diffuse immunoreactivity for S-100 protein, and pure Schwann cell phenotype. Careful morphological, immunohistochemical and clinical evaluation emphasize the differences from other stromal colonic lesions and distinguish it from schwannoma, a circumscribed benign nerve sheath tumor that rarely arises in the GI tract. Conclusion As recently proposed, this lesion was finally described as mucosal Schwann cell hamartoma.

  20. Phenprobamate dependence: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Bahadir; Demir, Yasemin; Aksoy, Ihsan; Kilic, Osman Hasan Tahsin; Gucyetmez, Volkan; Savas, Haluk A

    2015-06-01

    Phenprobamate (3-phenylpropylcarbamate) is a centrally acting muscle relaxant with mild sedative and anticonvulsant effects. Muscle relaxants can enhance and prolong the effect of narcotic drugs and enable to obtain same effect with a smaller amount of alcohol or illicit substance. Almost all of the centrally acting muscle relaxants have varying sedative effects on which their abuse potential mainly depends. Data related to abuse of carisoprodol, meprobamate, baclofen takes place in the literature. However, to our knowledge this is the first case report about abuse of and tolerance to phenprobamate. We aimed to attract attention to important points of prescribing drugs that have abuse potential like in our case who was using up to 16000 mg/day phenprobamate. PMID:25727392

  1. Cohen Syndrome. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elayne Esther Santana Hernández

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cohen syndrome is a rare genetic disease that is transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. It is characterized by obesity, hypotonia, mental retardation, microcephaly, typical craniofacial dysmorphism, large and prominent central incisors as well as thin, spindle-shaped fingers. The locus for Cohen syndrome has been located on chromosome 8q 22 (COH 1. Few cases have been reported since its description, it is clinically diagnosed through a proper delineation of the phenotype. The case of 14-year-old patient with this syndrome in whom a clinical diagnosis had not been established thus far is presented. An accurate delineation of the phenotype was achieved at this age and consequently, the correct diagnosis was reached, which is critical in order to provide better genetic counseling to the family.

  2. Neonatal varicella: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhardwaj AK

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Chicken pox is an infectious childhood disease. It is rare ininfants and newborns due to passive immunity receivedfrom the mother. The characteristic skin eruptions inchicken pox are vesicular with erythematous base andaccompanied with pruritus. The skin of the palms and solesis typically spared. We report a case of neonatal varicellawhere the mother was having skin eruptions at the time ofdelivery and the neonate contracted it during the perinatalperiod and developed clinical disease on the day five of life.Specific anti-viral therapy was given to the mother and thebaby and the recovery was uneventful.

  3. Intrapulmonary cysticercosis; A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We recently experienced a case of pulmonary cysticercosis confirmed by open lung biopsy. As far as we know, there are few reports on the radiological findings of pulmonary cysticercosis in domestic and English literature. Chest radiographs and computed tomography(CT) showed variable sized multiple small round nodules on both lung fields, especially in subpleural location. The patient also had multiple calcific nodules on brain CT. Pulmonary cysticercosis might be included in a diagnostic consideration when chest radiographs show variable sized multiple small lung nodules in a patient with infestation of cysticerci in other sites of the body

  4. Intrapulmonary cysticercosis; A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyung Jin; Kim, Jae Hyoung; Gong, Jae Chul; Chung, Hae Gyeong; Chung, Sung Hoon [Gyeong Sang National University College of Medicine, Chinju (Korea, Republic of)

    1990-10-15

    We recently experienced a case of pulmonary cysticercosis confirmed by open lung biopsy. As far as we know, there are few reports on the radiological findings of pulmonary cysticercosis in domestic and English literature. Chest radiographs and computed tomography(CT) showed variable sized multiple small round nodules on both lung fields, especially in subpleural location. The patient also had multiple calcific nodules on brain CT. Pulmonary cysticercosis might be included in a diagnostic consideration when chest radiographs show variable sized multiple small lung nodules in a patient with infestation of cysticerci in other sites of the body.

  5. METASTATIC MALIGNANT MELANOMA: CASE REPORT

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    Satish

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A 32 year s old man presented with well - defined lesion on the left sole 8 months back. Biopsy and FNAC from the lesion confirmed malignant melanoma left foot & the patient was advised excision. After 4 months patient gave h/o swelling on the medial aspect of the thigh. The patient was diagnosed to have fulminant metastatic malignant melanoma of the left foot with metastasis to femoral lymph node. This case report re - emphasizes the importance of the combined approach to ascertain diagnose early KEYWORDS : Melanoma .

  6. Intraventricular neurofibroma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Joon; Kim, Kyung In; Kim, Hyung Sik; Chung, Hyo Sun; Lee, Yung Suk; Park, Hum Rye [Joong-Ang Gil Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of); Chi, Je G. [College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1992-01-15

    Intracranial nerve sheath tumors unrelated to the cranial nerve roots are extremely rare, and the origin of the tumors are debatable. We report a case of pathologically-proven neurofibroma inside the lateral ventricle. A 49-year-old man presented with headache of 6 months duration, urinary incontinence, visual disturbance and right hemiplegia. Brain CT scan showed a well defined isodense mass with homogenous contrast enhancement and marginal calcification. At surgery the tumor was found to be a 4cm-sized lobulated mass attached only to the choroid plexus. Histologically, the tumor masses consisted of fasciculating bundles of wavy spindle cells, with a considerable collagen laydown.

  7. CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS: A RARE CASE REPORT

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    Subhash Reddy

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Chromoblastomycosis belongs to the heterogeneous group of subcutaneous mycoses. It is caused by various pigmented (Dematiaceous fungi, which gain entry into the skin via traumatic implantation. We would like to share a case report of chromoblastomycosis in a 30-year-old male, who presented to DVL OP Osmania General Hospital with the complaints of slowly progressive, raised itchy lesions over abdomen, limbs and back since 1yr. He has been treated with itraconazole 200mg twice daily. The patient showed favourable response to itraconazole.

  8. NEUROFIBROMATOSIS TYPE I: CASE REPORT

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    Neha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available : Neurofibromatosis (NF is a term that has been applied to a variety of related syndromes, characterized by neuro ectodermal tumors arising within multiple organs and autosomal-dominant inheritance. Neurofibromatosis type I(NF-1, known as well as Recklinghausen’s disease, we have presented a case report of 10 year old boy with complain of scalp swelling on right postero-lateral aspect of scalp with multiple flat, hypo pigmented macule on back, neck. On radiology work up including MRI there were multiple plexiform neuroibromas, multiple non-neoplastic hamartomatous lesion suggestive of neurofibromatosis type.

  9. CROUZON SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

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    Debdas

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Crouzon’s Syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder. Normally, the sutures in the human skull fuse after the complete growth of the brain. But, if any of these sutures closes early then it may interfere with the growth of the brain. Premature sutural fusion most commonly involves sagittal suture followed by coronal suture. We report a case of 6 - year - old male child presented with characteristic features of Crouzon’s syndrome. Diagnosis was made on the basis of clinical and radiological findings.

  10. Neonatal withdrawal syndrome: Case report

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    Radunović-Gojković Tatjana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Maternal drug abuse has increased over the past decade. It has a multiple negative influence on a pregnant woman, as well as her newborn. Practically, every drug taken during pregnancy crosses the placenta, and the developing fetus may also be affected by the effects of a drug. After delivery, an infant of a drug-abusing mother may potentially develop neonatal withdrawal syndrome. Existing studies on the neonatal effects of drug exposure in utero are subject to many factors. Many studies have relied on the history obtained from the mother, which is innacurate. Urine testing for drug abuse does not reflect exposure to a drug through pregnancy and does not provide quantitative information. Social and economic deprivation is common among drug abusers, and this factor has a major effect on long term studies of infant outcome. The purpose of this article is to underline the problems during management of a neonatal withdrawal syndrom, and growing incidence of it in our society. Case report. A case of an infant of a heroin-abusing mother is reported. Conclusion. It is very important to take care of an infant with neonatal withdrawal syndrome, but it is also of a great importance to supervise these children for a long period of time.

  11. Cherubism: report of 3 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo; Jung, Yeun Hwa [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-02-15

    The authors reported 3 cases of cherubism which included easily diagnosable cases with typical clinical and radio logic features and a difficult case in which a through study of familial factor contributed to final correct diagnosis. Central mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising in mandible with multiple metastases. The authors diagnosed a 54-year-old male as central mucoepidermoid carcinoma after undergoing clinical, radiological and histopathological examinations. The characteristics were as followed : 1. Clinically, the patient complained of the painless unilateral swelling of the left mandibular molar region and had a pus discharge through the fistula. Painful nodule was palpated on the scalp of the left frontal area and it was regarded as a metastatic lesion. 2. Plain radiographs showed the ill-defined primitive radiolucent lesion. The osteolytic lesions were also detected in the cranial bone, number 9 and 11 ribs, scapula, and vertebral bodies. 3. The mandibular CT and PNS MRI showed the swelling of the left mandible and the enlargement of the several lymph node s of 1.5 cm in size. 4. Histopathologically, many solid epidermoid type cells were mixed with mucus-secreting cells and they were arranged in duct-like structure. Most of them were epidermoid type, which indicates a high grade tumor. Mucins could be found in mucicarmine staining.

  12. Cherubism: report of 3 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reported 3 cases of cherubism which included easily diagnosable cases with typical clinical and radio logic features and a difficult case in which a through study of familial factor contributed to final correct diagnosis. Central mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising in mandible with multiple metastases. The authors diagnosed a 54-year-old male as central mucoepidermoid carcinoma after undergoing clinical, radiological and histopathological examinations. The characteristics were as followed : 1. Clinically, the patient complained of the painless unilateral swelling of the left mandibular molar region and had a pus discharge through the fistula. Painful nodule was palpated on the scalp of the left frontal area and it was regarded as a metastatic lesion. 2. Plain radiographs showed the ill-defined primitive radiolucent lesion. The osteolytic lesions were also detected in the cranial bone, number 9 and 11 ribs, scapula, and vertebral bodies. 3. The mandibular CT and PNS MRI showed the swelling of the left mandible and the enlargement of the several lymph node s of 1.5 cm in size. 4. Histopathologically, many solid epidermoid type cells were mixed with mucus-secreting cells and they were arranged in duct-like structure. Most of them were epidermoid type, which indicates a high grade tumor. Mucins could be found in mucicarmine staining.

  13. Umbilical endosalpingiosis: a case report

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    Papavramidis Theodossis S

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Endosalpingiosis describes the ectopic growth of Fallopian tube epithelium. Pathology confirms the presence of a tube-like epithelium containing three types of cells: ciliated, columnar cells; non-ciliated, columnar secretory mucous cells; and intercalary cells. We report the case of a woman with umbilical endosalpingiosis and examine the nature and characteristics of cutaneous endosalpingiosis by reviewing and combining the other four cases existing in the international literature. Case presentation A 50-year-old Caucasian, Greek woman presented with a pale brown nodule in her umbilicus. The nodule was asymptomatic, with no cyclical discomfort or variation in size. Her personal medical, surgical and gynecologic history was uneventful. An excision within healthy margins was performed under local anesthesia. A cystic formation measuring 2.7×1.7×1 cm was removed. Histological examination confirmed umbilical endosalpingiosis. Conclusions Umbilical endosalpingiosis is a very rare manifestation of the non-neoplasmatic disorders of the Müllerian system. It appears with cyclic symptoms of pain and swelling of the umbilicus, but not always. The disease is diagnosed using pathologic findings and surgical excision is the definitive treatment.

  14. Commissioners' Monthly Case Activity Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission — Total cases pending at the beginning of the month, total cases added to the docket during the month, total cases disposed of during the month, and total cases...

  15. When to write a neurology case report

    OpenAIRE

    Rison, Richard A; Shepphird, Jennifer Kelly; Beydoun, Said R

    2016-01-01

    Case report publication has seen a resurgence in recent years as awareness of the value of case reports in clinical medicine has grown. Not all areas of medical research are amenable to large clinical trials. Many topics are better addressed by more detailed descriptions of multi-factorial components that contribute to outcomes, and these are areas where case reports shine. Determining the suitability of a case for publication requires background research and discussion. Writing a case or ser...

  16. Cysticercosis of tongue — A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Meher, Ravi; Gupta, Bulbul; Aggarwal, Sunil; Passey, J. C.

    2006-01-01

    Tongue is a rare site for cysticercosis cellulosae. Very few cases of solitary cysticercosis of tongue have been reported. We are reporting one such case. Also a review of reported cases in literature, etoipathogenesis, clinical course and management is being described.

  17. Seroma: an interesting case report

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    Hymavathi K. Reddy

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A seroma is defined as a sterile accumulation of serum in a circumscribed location in the tissue. Seromas can occur after surgeries, especially those that are extensive or involve significant tissue disruption viz. hernia repairs, plastic surgeries such as breast augmentation or reconstruction, abdominoplasties (tummy tucks and removal of large intra-abdominal space occupying lesions like huge fibroids/ovarian masses. The literature citing the exact incidence of seromas following removal of large intra-abdominal masses is scant. Seromas at times become severely symptomatic. The best way to prevent a seroma is not to give it any place to form. It\\'s easier said than done. Here is an interesting case report of postoperative seroma following removal of a large broad ligament fibroid. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(1.000: 254-257

  18. Waardenburg Syndrome: A Case Report

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    Hayrullah Alp

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Auditory-pigmentary syndromes are a group of diseases that effect the skin, hair, eyes and the cochlea. Waardenburg syndrome is one of the members of these autosomal dominantly inherited diseases. Waardenburg syndrome is characterized by white forelock, congenital sensorineural hearing loss, hypopigmented skin and anomalies of the intraocular tissues. How ever all these diagnostic features may not be seen in all patient. In addition, there are four subtypes of the syndrome in each of which the genetic and clinical findings are different. Case Report: In this article, a-3-year old boy with Waardenburg syndrome Type 1 was described. Also, in some of the family members the same disease was diagnosed. Conclusion: Waardenburg syndrome should be evaluated in the patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss accompanied with the clinical findings. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2010; 8: 123-6

  19. Internet addiction: A case report

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    Pejović-Milovančević Milica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Some addictions cannot be connected with substance abuse (pathological gambling, video games playing, binge eating, compulsive physical activity, emotional relationship addiction, TV addiction. Since 1995, Internet addiction has been accepted as a clinical entity with profound negative effect on social, familial, educational and economical personal functioning. The diagnosis of Internet addiction could be established if the person spends more than 38 hours per week on the Internet exempting online professional needs. Basic symptoms are the increased number of hours spent in front of the computer along with the Internet use, development of abstinent syndrome if the Internet access is prohibited, sleep inversion, neglect of basic social requirements and personal hygiene, many somatic symptoms developed due to prolonged sitting or monitor watching, dissocial behavior. In this paper, data about the Internet addiction are presented and a case report of an adolescent with developed Internet addiction.

  20. Ectopia cordis: a case report

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    Gonçalo Filipe Infante Mesquita Dias

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: ectopia cordis is a rare congenital malformation, with an estimated incidence of 5 to 8 per million live births. It is defined as a malformation in which the heart is located in an extra-thoracic position. Ectopia cordis may occur as an isolated malformation or associated with other anomalies such as omphalocele, congenital heart disease or integrating Cantrell syndrome. The size and location of the defect influence the prognosis. Description: we report a case of a 24-year-old nulliparous woman, with no relevant family or personal history, in which the prenatal fetal ultrasound, performed at 21 weeks of gestation, revealed adefect of the anterior chest wall with exteriorization of the heart. Discussion: fetal echocardiography revealed a severe congenital heart disease. The parents decided to continue the pregnancy, after being duly informed by a multidisciplinary team. Delivery occurred at 37 weeks of gestation but the female newborn died one hour afterwards. Pathological examination confirmed the sonographic findings.

  1. Whipple's disease: A case report

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    Popović Dušan Đ.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Whipple's disease is a chronic, multisystem, infectious disease caused by Tropheryma whipplei. It most commonly affects Caucasian males, middle-aged. Morbus Whipple is primarily gastrointestinal disease, manifested as malabsorption syndrome, and diagnosed by endoscopy and intestinal biopsy. Extraintestinal manifestations are not rare. Case report. A 48-year-old male was admitted due to diarrhea, weight loss and weakness in the extremities. Physical examination findings pointed out diffuse hyperpigmentation, pleural effusion and leg edema. Anemia, inflammatory syndrome and malabsorption signs were discovered through laboratory tests. The diagnosis was confirmed by intestinal biopsy. The patient was treated with antibiotic and symptomatic therapy. After 9 months, the patient had no symptoms, and clinical and laboratory findings were regular. Conclusion. Whipple's disease is a rare disease. A high degree of clinical suspicion for the disease (malabsorption, arthritis, fever, neurological symptoms is the most important for diagnosis. Timely diagnosis and appropriate therapy prevent the disease progression and fatal outcome.

  2. Sialography: Report of 3 cases

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    Reddy Sujatha

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Salivary gland examination is an important part of oral examination, especially because of it′s involvement in most of the systemic diseases. Patients most commonly seek medical attention when the major salivary glands like parotid and submandibular gland become enlarged or painful. The various imaging modalities practiced to check the salivary gland disorders include conventional radiography, sialography, ultrasonography, computerized tomography, radionuclide imaging and magnetic resonance imaging. Sialography is one of the oldest imaging procedures and still most commonly practiced, as it is a chair side procedure, simple to perform, and cost effective. We report the role of sialography as an adjuvant in the diagnosis of bacterial sialadenitis and sialadenosis and as a diagnostic and therapeutic aid in a case of juvenile recurrent parotitis.

  3. Laryngeal schwannoma: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laryngeal schwannoma is extremely rare. We report the CT and MRI findings of a case occurring in a 65-year-old woman, and describe the pathologic correlation. Pre-contrast CT scanning revealed a right supraglottic mass with a slightly hyperdense central part and a hypodense peripheral part. Post-contrast CT scanning revealed an enhanced hyperdense central part and a rim-like hypodense peripheral part. The density of the peripheral part was lower than that of muscle. The mass showed homogeneous low signal intensity on T1-weighted MR images, homogeneous high signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images, and an enhanced high signal intensity central part and a low signal intensity peripheral part on gadolinium enhanced T1-weighted images. The enhanced central part correlated with Antoni A areas and the peripheral part, showing low attenuation, correlated with Antoni B areas

  4. Paraurethral cyst. A case report

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    Emilio Vega Azcúe

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The paraurethral or Skene’s duct cyst, is a rare diagnostic entity in a newborn. It represents less than 0,5 % of congenital malformations of the urinary tract. All over the world it is reported an incidence of 1:2000 to 1:7000 in female births. In the newborn, the paraurethral cyst is caused by retention of secretions in the Skene's gland due to the obstruction of its ducts. Most of these cysts decrease in size during the first four to eight weeks, but they may cause symptoms of infection or urinary obstruction. They can also get formed from persistent embryonic remains of the mesonephric ducts (Wolffian duct, known as Gartner cysts and from the occlusion of unfused paramesonephric ducts (Müllerian. The case of a 25-day-old female, diagnosed with paraurethral cyst that underwent surgery and evolved successfully is presented.

  5. Hyperphosphatasemia: report of three cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonakdarpour, Akbar; Maldjian, Catherine; Weiss, Sharon; Roach, Neil; Stein, Eric

    2000-07-01

    We report the radiographic findings in three cases of hyperphosphatasemia. Often classified as a congenital bone dysplasia, the skeletal manifestations of this disorder are diagnostic. These features simulate Paget's disease both radiographically and with respect to salient biochemical markers. Typically, presentation is at early childhood with skull deformity, refusal to weight bear, and bowing of the extremities. Notable radiographic features include bowing of the long bones, thickening of the cortex, osteopenia, coarsened trabecular pattern, expansion of the medullary cavity, and thickening of the intramembranous portion of the calvarium. Histologic features include absence of lamellar bone and haversian systems, with thick osteoid seams and increased number of osteoclasts. An autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance has been suggested, although autosomal dominant varieties have been postulated.

  6. Goldbloom's syndrome - a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Sónia; Estanqueiro, Paula; Salgado, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    The Goldbloom's syndrome (GS) is a rare clinical condition of unknown aetiology, occurring exclusively in the pediatric population. It consists in an idiopathic periosteal hyperostosis with dysproteinemia, whose symptoms can mimic a neoplastic disease. We present a case report illustrating the diagnostic challenge of this condition. The exclusion of the common causes of bone pain, associated with generalized periostitis and increased gammaglobulins suggested the diagnosis of GS. The self-limited symptoms, the resolution of radiological findings in four months and the normalization of laboratory abnormalities within ten months, allowed to establish definitely the diagnosis of GS. GS must be considered when diffuse bone pain, prolonged fever and weight loss are present after exclusion of malignant disease with bone involvement. PMID:24131913

  7. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Case report.

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    Jaime Avaria E.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH is an autosomal recessive disease whose main cause is the deficiency of 21-hydroxylase, an enzyme involved in the synthesis of cortisol and aldosterone. There are two forms of CAH, a classical and nonclassical form, being the first objective of analysis in the clinical case. Its clinical manifestations vary in severity, depending on the level of hormone deficiency. Within the classic is described the salt-wasting form, whose consequences are androgen excess and insufficiency of cortisol and mineralocorticoids. So this may manifest as a sex differentiation disorder (virilization of the external genitalia if the fetus is female and adrenal insufficiency. For diagnosis are considered the family history, clinical manifestations, measuring 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels and detection of genetic alteration. CASE REPORT: Patient with a family history of a brother with HSC brother, born with a disorder of sexual differentiation and is discharged with legal male sex. After three months develops adrenal insufficiency and was diagnosed with classical HSC salt-wasting form and determined female karyotype. DISCUSSION: The Pillars of the HSC are handling genetic counseling in families at risk, prenatal treatment with dexamethasone, postnatal glucocorticoid therapy and surgical treatment of disorders of the external genitalia, along with new research based therapy gene and the use of stem cells, requiring this way an integral view of HSC.

  8. ALSTROM SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

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    Shivakumar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Alstrom Syndrome was first described by Carl Henry Alstrom in 1959. The key features include childhood onset obesity, congenital retinal dystrophy leading to blindness, sensori-neural deafness. The associated endocrinologic aspects are early onset type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia. Mutations in the ALMS1 gene have been found to be causative for AS.The normal protein is present at very low levels in most tissues. The mutation results in a non-functional protein, explaining the various signs and symptoms of Alstrom’s. Here we report on a case with Alstrom Syndrome at the age of 28 years. She came with the complaints of generalised swelling of the body, breathlessness, decreased urine output with a significant past history of visual and hearing impairment, diabetes, hypertension, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Awareness of Alstrom Syndrome is lacking despite the complexity and lethality of this disorder. Thus Alstrom Syndrome can be thought of as a rare genetic disorder with several feature similar to metabolic syndrome. It is a rare disease and difficult to make differential diagnosis with other similar syndromes, therefore this case will be a good example of Alstrom Syndrome for the literature.

  9. Bilateral spontaneous hemotympanum: Case report

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    Economou Nicolas C

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The most common causes of hemotympanum are therapeutic nasal packing, epistaxis, blood disorders and blunt trauma to the head. Hemotympanum is characterized as idiopathic, when it is detected in the presence of chronic otitis media. A rare case of spontaneous bilateral hemotympanum in a patient treated with anticoagulants is presented herein. Case presentation A 72-year-old male presented with acute deterioration of hearing. In the patient's medical history aortic valve replacement 1 year before presentation was reported. Since then he had been administered regularly coumarinic anticoagulants, with INR levels maintained between 3.4 and 4.0. Otoscopy revealed the presence of bilateral hemotympanum. The audiogram showed symmetrical moderately severe mixed hearing loss bilaterally, with the conductive component predominating. Tympanograms were flat bilaterally with absent acoustic reflexes. A computerized tomography scan showed the presence of fluid in the mastoid and middle ear bilaterally. Treatment was conservative and consisted of a 10-day course of antibiotics, anticongestants and temporary interruption of the anticoagulant therapy. After 3 weeks, normal tympanic membranes were found and hearing had returned to previous levels. Conclusion Anticoagulant intake should be included in the differential diagnosis of hemotympanum, because its detection and appropriate treatment may lead to resolution of the disorder.

  10. Pulmonary embolism. A case report

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    Pedro J. Barrios Fuentes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The case of a male, white skin, 38 years old patient who came to the emergency department because of a severe respiratory distress is reported. The left patella fracture history was collected and an immobilization cast was implemented. The posterior to anterior chest X-ray showed opacities in the form of a veil at the base of the left hemithorax as well as increased cardiothoracic rates. A lung computed tomography angiography scan was performed using a SIEMENS SESATION 64 multislice computed tomography scanner. The study was rebuilt using volume rendering technique and 3D applications with virtual angioscopy. Thrombus occlusion was evident at the trunk of the left pulmonary artery and its branches. The patient was admitted for anticoagulation treatment. Patients with patellar fracture as a trigger for this serious condition involving life-risk had not been treated in this hospital, that is why it was decided to publish this case, as well as for the implementation of such an innovative, useful and quick diagnosis aided by multislice computed tomography angiography.

  11. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report

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    Seyed Ebrahim MANSOURI NEJAD

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Mansouri Nejad SE, Yazdan panah MJ, Tayyebi Meibodi N, Ashrafzadeh F, Akhondian J, BeiraghiToosi M, Eslamieh H. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Autumn;8(4: 72-75.ObjectiveGriscelli syndrome (GS is a rare autosomal recessive immune deficiency disorder that presents with pigmentary dilution of the skin and hair, recurrent skin and pulmonary infections, neurologic problems, hypogammaglobulinemia, and variable cellular immunodeficiency. Three mutations have been described in different phenotypes of the disease. In most of cases, GS leads to death in the first decade of life. In this article, we report a one-year-old child with type 2 GS who suffers from pigmentation disorder and hypogammaglobulinemia.ReferencesKharkar V, Pande S, Mahajan S, Dwiwedi R, Khopkar U. Griscelli syndrome: a new phenotype with circumscribed pigment loss? Dermatol Online J 2007 1;13(2:17.Sheela SR, Latha M, Susy JI. Griscelli syndrome: Rab 27a mutation. Indian Pediatrics 2004; 41:944-947.González Carretero P, Noguera Julian A, Ricart Campos S, Fortuny Guasch C, Martorell Sampol L. Griscelli-Prunieras syndrome: report of two cases. An Pediatr (Barc 2009 ; 70(2:164-7.Szczawinska-Poplonyk A, Kycler Z, Breborowicz A, Klaudel-Dreszler M, Pac M, Zegadlo-Mylik M, et al. Pulmonary lymphomatoid granulomatosis in Griscelli syndrome type 2. Viral Immunol 2011 Dec;24(6:471-3.Durmaz A, Ozkinay F, Onay H, Tombuloglu M, Atay A, Gursel O, et al. Molecular analysis and clinical findings of Griscelli syndrome patients. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2012 Oct;34(7:541-4.Reddy RR, Babu BM, Venkateshwaramma B, Hymavathi Ch. Silvery hair syndrome in two cousins: Chediak-Higashi syndrome vs Griscelli syndrome, with rare associations. Int J Trichology 2011; 3(2:107-11.Sahana M, Sacchidanand S, Hiremagalore R, Asha G. Silvery grey hair: clue to diagnose immunodeficiency. Int J Trichology 2012;4(2:83-5.Mahalingashetti PB, Krishnappa MH, Kalyan PS

  12. Kell immunization: A case report

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    Tasić Marija

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The frequency of occurrence of RhD alloimmunization, due to preventive protocols, is decreased in our country, but more often there are other antigens that emerge as a cause of hemolytic disease of fetus. The most prominent is Kell antigen, which promotes specific course of disease based on an innate pathogenetic mechanism. Anti- Kell antibody production is, just as in other atypical antibodies, provoked with transfusion of incompatible blood. Except for the immune-mediated hemolysis, anti - Kell antibodies can also inhibit the function of progenitor (erytroid and megakariocyte cell lines. Case report. We present the case of G1P1 woman in whom a distinct fetal hydrops was sonographically detected in the 28th week of pregnancy. The results of immunological tests undoubtedly pointed to Kell immunization (anti - Kell antibody titer was more than 1:32, and antenatal tests for evaluation of fetal condition (Doppler ultrasound and CTG clearly showed the severe form of hemolytic disease. We concluded that the fetus was in a hopeless, terminal stage of the disease, and then decided to terminate the pregnancy. Conclusion. The only clinical approach to a problem of Kell alloimunization is active one. Early cordocentesis is recommended as the optimal method for evaluation of fetal condition. The clinical outcome of the fetus will strictly depend on a timely intrauterine transfusion (IUT procedure. Prophylaxis emerges as a crucial factor in prevention of Kell - alloimmunization. It is to be considered that all females in childhood and throughout the reproductive period should take only K1 - negative blood transfusion in order to decrease the incidence of Kell - alloimmunization.

  13. Carcinoid of pancreas: Case report

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    Radovanović Dragan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Carcinoid tumors are very common tumors of gastro-intestinal tract even though they are very rare in pancreatic area. A large number of patients with pancreatic carcinoma have non-specific symptoms of disease which is the main cause of late operative treatment of advanced tumors as well as for a low rate of 5-years surviving (28,9%±16%. Case report. A 69-year-old female patient was operated for a 7 cm large carcinoid in pancreatic corpus. Prior to the operation the patient did not have any symptoms of disease. Serotonin and 5-HIAA level was normal before the operation as well as afterwards. In this case distal hemipancreatectomy was done along with celiac, hepatic and lienal lymphadenoctomy. Liver metastasis was not found. The diagnosis of carcinoid was varified by postoperative histopathologic and imunohistochemical analysis. Discussion. According to the experience of other authors, the operative treatment of pancreatic carcinoid is very often undertaken when dimensions of tumor exceed 7 cm. In this stage of disease distant metastases are present in more than 60% of patients. Only 23% of examinated patients have had carcinoid syndrome symptoms. According to this conclusion, the main role of diagnostic procedures is attributed to the computer tomography of abdomen as well as ERCP. The radical resection of pancreas with lympahdenectomy is recommended in order to have a precise histological examination and detect occult lymph node metastases. With radical surgical procedures even at this stage of disease the operation may be curative. Conclusion. Any kind of radical surgical treatment (depending of localizations of tumor, proximal or distal is the main therapeutic procedure in pancreatic carcinoid.

  14. Pituitary Gigantism: A Case Report

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    Rana Bhattacharjee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To present a rare case of gigantism. Case Report: A 25-year-old lady presented with increased statural growth and enlarged body parts noticed since the age of 14 years, primary amenorrhea, and frontal headache for the last 2 years.She has also been suffering from non-inflammatory low back pain with progressive kyphosis and pain in the knees, ankles, and elbows for the last 5 years. There was no history of visual disturbance, vomiting, galactorrhoea, cold intolerance. She had no siblings. Family history was non-contributory.Blood pressure was normal. Height 221 cm, weight 138 kg,body mass index (BMI28. There was coarsening of facial features along with frontal bossing and prognathism, large hands and feet, and small goitre. Patient had severe kyphosis and osteoarthritis of knees. Confrontation perimetry suggested bitemporal hemianopia. Breast and pubic hair were of Tanner stage 1. Serum insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF1 was 703 ng/ml with all glucose suppressedgrowth hormone (GHvalues of >40 ng/ml. Prolactin was 174 ng/ml. Basal serum Lutenising Hormone (LH, follicle stimulating Hormone (FSH was low. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT, liver and renal function tests, basal cortisol and thyroid profile, Calcium, phosphorus and Intact Parathyroid hormone (iPTH were normal.Computed tomographyscan of brain showed large pituitary macroadenoma. Automated perimetry confirmed bitemporal hemianopia. A diagnosis of gigantism due to GH secreting pituitary macroadenoma with hypogonadotrophichypogonadism was made. Debulking pituitary surgery followed by somatostatin analogue therapy with gonadal steroid replacement had been planned, but the patient refused further treatment.

  15. Tips and tricks to make case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alwi, Idrus

    2007-01-01

    The main purpose of a case report is to educate clinicians about the clinical features, investigation, and/or the treatment of patients with unusual problems. It is important to remember that all the rules that apply to other forms of medical writing, also apply equally to case reports. The IMRAD format ( introduction, methods, results, and discussion) that one sees in reports of clinical research might not always be appropriate for case reports. Article of case report usually contain a title, authorship, introduction, case description, discussion, references, and acknowledgements. Author decision between submitting to a general, specialist, or even subspecialty journal will depend on the rarity of the case and its specific features. Keep in mind the basic reason for writing a case report: namely, that it should have a message for the reader. It consider who the message is aimed at, and then select a journal whose readership will include the target audience. PMID:17933079

  16. Evolving dimensions in medical case reporting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athanasiou Thanos

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Medical case reports (MCRs have been undervalued in the literature to date. It seems that while case series emphasize what is probable, case reports describe what is possible and what can go wrong. MCRs transfer medical knowledge and act as educational tools. We outline evolving aspects of the MCR in current practice.

  17. CASE REPORT OF HETEROTAXY SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Kumar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Heterotaxy is defined as abnormality where the internal organs demonstrate abnormal arrangement across the left - right axis of the body. This broad term includes patient with a wide variety of very complex cardiac lesions. Patients with hetrotaxy can be stratified into the subset of asplenia syndrome and polyasplenia syndrome, or the subset of heterotaxy with isomerism of the right atrial appendages and hetrotaxy with isomerism of left atrial appendages. Malposition of internal organs is a rare condition in clinical practice. Situs ambiguous is characterized by multiple congenital anomally relevant to intra - abdominal organs and cardiovascular surgery. Situs ambiguous with asplenia is associated with severe congenital heart disease and detected early , usually in the first year of lif e, while situs ambiguous polyasplenia is associated with less severe or no congenital heart disease and would be detected more often later in life. In this report, we present an adolescent case of situs ambiguous anomally which was diagnosed incidentally. The patient had left sided liver, multiple splenicule and interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC. Furthermore she had a history of genu valgum which was diagnosed as rickets, and corrective surgery for this was done at the age of 11 years.

  18. Child abuse, a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri M.T. Lubis

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Child abuse is a pervasive social and medical problem that remains a major cause of disability and death among children. The annual incidence of abuse is estimated to be 15 to 42 cases per 1,000 children and appears to be increasing. Fractures are the second most common presentation of physical abuse after skin lesions, and approximately one third of abused children will eventually be seen by an orthopedic surgeon. We report a 7-month-old boy who was suspected to be abused. Our diagnosis was based on findings of multiple fractures, delay in seeking medical treatment and discrepancy between the history of illness and the clinical findings. He sustained multiple fractures in variety of healing, namely fractures on left supracondylar humeri, left radius and ulna, right radius and ulna, both femora, right tibia, and left tibia and fibula. Radiological examination was an important modality in revealing the possibility of abuse on this child. He had received medical treatment, protection, consultation team for the parents and an underway police investigation. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 59-65 Keywords: child, abuse

  19. Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoshnevisan A

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia is defined as a prominent elongation, dilatation and tortuosity of the vertebral and basilar arteries. Ectatic basilar arteries may cause different neurological symptoms by several mechanisms including compressive effects and embolic or ischemic events."n "nCase presentation: In this report we present a 58-year old female patient who was admitted in Dr. Shariati General Hospital in Tehran, Iran with complaints of dysarthria, vertigo, ataxia and nausea. Neuro-imaging procedures (brain CT scan, CT angiography, and an MRI study of the blood vessels or MRA were performed. Dilation and elongation, as well as tortuosity of the vertebral and basilar arteries revealed the diagnosis of vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. The patient was discharged from the hospital following the control of underlying diseases and neurological symptoms related to dolichoectasia without undergoing any invasive procedures."n "nConclusion: Paying attention to any minor or major neurological symptoms, as well as underlying medical conditions along with the conservative control of symptoms can be most helpful. Invasive interventions in a chronically ill patient can be very risky, therefore, medical management including control of associated or underlying diseases is recommended as the first line of treatment.

  20. The case for the case report: refine to save.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lennon, P

    2012-01-31

    INTRODUCTION: The case report is the cornerstone of both medical teaching and writing. However, during recent years the value of the case report has been questioned, so much so that it has been abandoned by many journals. The aim of this study was to assess case reports published by the Irish Journal of Medical Science (IJMS) and to examine ways to preserve this type of article. METHODS: A review of all single-patient case reports published in the IJMS in 2008 and 2009. RESULTS: Forty-eight cases were published from nine countries. The range of authors was 2-11, length 525-1,787 words and number of references 4-24. All cases contained abstracts. CONCLUSION: Stricter guidelines with regards to a shorter more focused article should help to preserve this form of publication.

  1. Deciduosis peritonei: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fenjveši Atila

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The occurrence of ectopic decidua (deciduosis has been observed most often in the ovaries, uterus, and cervix. It has been established in approximately 90% of patients who have undergone laparotomy during pregnancy. A peritoneal localization is less frequent and usually an asymptomatic incidental finding, but is occasionally associated with massive and potentially fatal hemoperitoneum, abdominal pain and dystocia. Ectopis decidua is a physiological phenomenon of pregnancy and arises from a progesterone-induced metaplasia of subserosal stromal cells. Case report A 32-year-old G1P1 female underwent cesarean section at 39 weeks gestation because of imminent fetal asphyxia. The laparotomy revealed a greyish-yellow soft nodule on the parietal peritoneum. On histologic examination the biopsy lesion was highly vascular and was composed of large polygonal decidualized cells with abundant eosinophilic, focally vacuolated cytoplasm. The nuclei were regular, with fine chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli. Ectopic decidua was infiltrated by blood and surrounded with adipose tissue necrosis and mild chronic inflammation. Discussion and conclusion The differential diagnosis of peritoneal deciduosis included deciduoid mesothelioma, metastatic carcinoma (especially if decidual cells have a vacuolated cytoplasm mimicking signetring cells, and metastatic melanoma. Decidual cells showed immunoreactivity for vimentin and progesteron receptors and focal positivity for desmin and smooth muscle actin. The presence of cellular atypia, mitotic activity, and immunoreactivity for cy-tokeratin 5/6 and calretinin will assist in making the diagnosis of deciduoid mesothelioma. The diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma is assisted by the nuclear features and cytokeratin immunoreactivity. A positive immunostain for S-100 and/or HMB-45 will assist in the diagnosis of metastatic melanoma. .

  2. International or national publication of case reports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundh, Andreas; Christensen, Mikkel; Jørgensen, Anders W

    2011-01-01

    Case reports are often regarded as second-class research, but are an important part of medical science as they often present first evidence of new discoveries. We here describe the type of case reports published in a Danish general medical journal.......Case reports are often regarded as second-class research, but are an important part of medical science as they often present first evidence of new discoveries. We here describe the type of case reports published in a Danish general medical journal....

  3. The Danish National Case Study Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    Three case studies from Danish science shops within the environmental field are analysed with respect to societal background, interaction between the involved actors and the societal impact of the co-operation. The report is one of the seven national case study reports from the EU-financed INTERA......Three case studies from Danish science shops within the environmental field are analysed with respect to societal background, interaction between the involved actors and the societal impact of the co-operation. The report is one of the seven national case study reports from the EU......-financed INTERACTS project....

  4. Joubert Syndrome: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Türdoğan-Sözüer, Dilşad; Suyugül, Zuhal; Yüksel, Adnan; Cenani, Asım; Yalçın, Erdinç

    1994-01-01

    Joubert syndrome is associated with hypotonia developmental delay cerebellar vermis hypoplasia abnormal breathing and abnormal eye movements Cases should be classified into two groups: those with retinal distrophy and those without We determined bilateral pallor optic disc without retinal dystrophy in our case that has psychomotor retardation hypotonia vermis hypoplasia and abnormal eye movements Key words: Joubert Syndrome Vermis Hypoplasia Abnormal Eye Movements

  5. ARTHROSCOPY OF THE SCAPULOTHORACIC JOINT: CASE REPORTS

    OpenAIRE

    Andreoli, Carlos Vicente; Ejnisman, Benno; Pochini, Alberto de Castro; Monteiro, Gustavo Cará; Cohen, Moisés; Faloppa, Flávio

    2015-01-01

    Scapulothoracic arthroscopy is a procedure presenting restricted indications, for resecting free bodies, benign tumors, bursitis, and snaping scapula. The authors report four cases of scapulothoracic joint arthroscopy; in the first case, only a benign tumor (osteochondroma) could be visualized; in the second case, arthroscopic resection of an osteochondroma was found; in the third case, arthroscopic bursectomy due to scapulothoracic bursitis, and; in the fourth case, bursectomy and partial su...

  6. Case report and review of lumbar hernia

    OpenAIRE

    Walgamage, Thilan B.; Ramesh, B. S.; Alsawafi, Yaqoob

    2014-01-01

    Lumbar hernias are uncommon and about 300 cases have been reported till date. They commonly occur due to trauma, surgery and infection. They are increasingly being reported after motor vehicle collision injuries. However, spontaneous lumbar hernias are rare and are reported infrequently. It is treated with different surgical approaches and methods. We report a case of primary spontaneous lumbar hernia which was repaired by transperitonial laparoscopic approach using Vypro (polypropylene/polyg...

  7. Emphysematous cystitis: 3 cases report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emphysematous cystitis is a rare condition characterized by gas collection in the wall and lumen of the bladder. We experienced three cases of emphysematous cystitis. All patients were female; one was associated with a long term history of diabetes mellitus and another with urinary indwelling catheter. All of the cases were easily diagnosed on plain radiograph and CT scan, and were successfully treated with antibiotic therapy. In one of the cases, however, associated abscess due to perivesical extension of inflammation was treated by combined external drainage

  8. Intraocular coenurosis: a case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Ibechukwu, B. I.; Onwukeme, K. E.

    1991-01-01

    A case of intraocular coenurosis was clinically diagnosed and treated with praziquantel. The drug destroyed the coenurus, but vision was lost through toxic endophthalmitis and retinal detachment. There were no systemic side effects.

  9. SUBCUTANEOUS PHYCOMYCOSIS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thilak Sundararaj, Meera Govindaraju, Brindha Thangaraj

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Subcutaneous Phycomycosis is a rare tropical Mycoses characterized by the development of a chronic, firm swelling of the subcutaneous tissue. Infection caused by Basidiobolus species commonly affects young children. In this article we present a case of Subcutaneous Phycomycosis which presented as a diffuse swelling in the posterior aspect of the knee. Early diagnosis and treatment with Itraconazole caused complete clearance of the lesion. We highlight the merits of accurate diagnosis and early therapeutic intervention in this rare case.

  10. Implant periapical lesion. Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory Venetis, Fotis Iordanidis, Paraskevi Giovani, Lambros Zouloumis

    2011-01-01

    Ιmplant periapical lesion (IPL) is probably not a uniform entity in all cases presented in the literature. Asseptic bone necrosis may be a cause for some of the IPLs, whilst the presence of microorganisms is not always detectable with conventional methods. A case of IPL in a male patient who underwent an extraction of 12 tooth and an immediate implantation at this site is presented. Eight months postoperatively, an IPL was revealed on radiologic examination. After surgical exploration, the IP...

  11. Intrapulmonary teratoma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Farahnak MR; Mirrokni SM

    2010-01-01

    "nBackground: Teratomas are tumors consisting of tissues derived from more than one germ cell line. Teratomas arise, most commonly in anterior mediastinum. Intrapulmonary Teratoma are among the rarest tumors encountered in pathology, in other words they are exceedingly uncommon, with only less than 100 cases documented by 1939. "n "nCase presentation: We describe a 19-year-old woman with a short history of retrosternal chest pain and non-productive cough due to a benign intrapu...

  12. Developing sustainability reporting - Case Cargotec

    OpenAIRE

    Ahonen, Ilona

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The purpose of this master's thesis is to answer a research question commissioned by the global cargo handling solutions provider Cargotec: what do stakeholders think about Cargotec's sustainability reporting and whether they would like it to be developed? Related to this is a sub-question: should Cargotec's sustainability reporting focus on Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) indicators or on the impacts of using the company's products? The GRI indicators focus on the ...

  13. Methimazole Induced Cholestatic Hepatitis: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Bunyamin Aydin

    2014-01-01

    Hyperthyroidism is a very common endocrine disease. MMI-induced cholestatic hepatitis is a rare complication. Cholestatic hepatitis usually recovers completely with the discontinuation of MMI. In this case report, we report a cholestatic hepatitis case which was induced with methimazole in a patient who used methimazole with toxic multinodular goiter diagnosis and was completely recovered with discontinuation of the drug.

  14. Shared psychotic disorder: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Murad Atmaca; Bülent Bahçeci; Murat Kuloğlu; Sevda Korkmaz

    2010-01-01

    Shared psychotic disorder (folie à deux) is a rare disorder characterized by delusions and demonstrates intercultural differences. Cases reported in the literature have considerable persecution, reference and mystical delusions. However, erotomanic delusion has been rarely reported. In the present paper, we present a case, the daughter of a schizophrenic mother who has shared psychotic disorder accompanied by erotomanic delusion.

  15. Alveolar proteinosis: case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease. Its etiology, pathology, and manifestations are becoming increasingly more apparent. Few cases have been reported, which highlights the importance of reporting this case and reviewing current literature. New therapeutic options are being introduced with adequate outcomes thereby making it possible to manage patients who were previously unresponsive to conventional treatment. 25% of cases resolve spontaneously, while most patients require conventional treatment with total lung lavage that often does not improve prognosis. The case reported in this article was associated to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and diabetes. Primary alveolar proteinosis can have a direct relationship to these concomitant conditions.

  16. Mitral valve prolapse - report of 3 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prolapse of mitral valve is characterized by its unique auscultatory, echocardiographic and angiographic findings and may be associated with various disease entities such as congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease and Marfan's syndrome etc. Authors report recent experience of 3 cases of prolapsed mitral valve, 2 cases associated with A.S.D. and 1 case with Marfan's syndrome.

  17. BCG induced granulomatous prostatitis ; a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Granulomatous prostatitis was relatively uncommon until the introduction of intravesical BCG for the treament of bladder cancer. Since that time, there has been an increase in the number of cases of granulomatous prostatitis, but the domestic literature contains no report. We recently encountered a classic case of BCG induced granulomatous prostatitis and describe this case, including its radiologic findings. (author)=20

  18. New journals for publishing medical case reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akers, Katherine G.

    2016-01-01

    Because they do not rank highly in the hierarchy of evidence and are not frequently cited, case reports describing the clinical circumstances of single patients are seldom published by medical journals. However, many clinicians argue that case reports have significant educational value, advance medical knowledge, and complement evidence-based medicine. Over the last several years, a vast number (∼160) of new peer-reviewed journals have emerged that focus on publishing case reports. These journals are typically open access and have relatively high acceptance rates. However, approximately half of the publishers of case reports journals engage in questionable or “predatory” publishing practices. Authors of case reports may benefit from greater awareness of these new publication venues as well as an ability to discriminate between reputable and non-reputable journal publishers. PMID:27076803

  19. Infected Complex Odontoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanthala Damodar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Odontoma represent a hamartomatous malformation. They are usually asymptomatic and are diagnosed on routine radiological examination. Infection of an odontome is very uncommon. Few cases of infected odontoma are reported in the literature. We report a special case of infected complex odontoma and perforation of the cheeks with a tooth impacted upon along with computed tomographic (CT image. Thus, making the present case unusual. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(2.000: 379-383

  20. Adolescent lumbar disc herniation: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    King, Laurie; Mior, Silvano A.; Devonshire-Zielonka, Kim

    1996-01-01

    Lumbar spine disc herniations in children are a relatively rare condition reported to occur in less than 3% of those presenting with low back pain. Unlike the adult, the etiology and clinical picture often provides few clues to making the diagnosis. Although conservative management is the treatment of choice, surgical intervention may be required in some cases. The role of spinal manipulation in these cases may be of limited value. A case report is presented that illustrates the difficulty in...

  1. Glucagonoma syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Bernardo Carmen M

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Glucagonoma syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of one in 20 million, characterized by necrolytic migratory erythema, hyperglucagonemia, diabetes mellitus, anemia, weight loss, glossitis, cheilitis, steatorrhea, diarrhea, venous thrombosis and neuropsychiatric disturbances in the setting of a glucagon-producing alpha-cell tumor of the pancreas. Necrolytic migratory erythema is the presenting manifestation in the majority of cases, so its early suspicion and correct diagnosis is a key factor in the management of the patient. Case presentation We present the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian woman with glucagonoma syndrome due to an alpha-cell tumor located in the tail of the pancreas, successfully treated with surgical resection. Conclusion Clinicians should be aware of the unusual initial manifestations of glucagonoma. Early diagnosis allows complete surgical resection of the neoplasm and provides the only chance of a cure.

  2. Costello Syndrome. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadelis Maldonado Martínez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Costello syndrome is an extremely rare multisystem congenital disorder; only about 250 cases have been described in the literature. Its inheritance pattern is considered to be autosomal dominant, although most cases are sporadic, suggesting de novo dominant mutations. The case of a 7-year-old patient from the Frank País municipality in Holguín with clinical manifestations consistent with Costello syndrome is presented. The clinical study and description of his physical characteristics were performed, detecting as main distinctive features: storage disease-like phenotype, failure to thrive, congenital heart disease, coarse facies, mental retardation and humorous personality. Early diagnosis allows early stimulation and intervention, active screening for tumor lesions, as well as provision of genetic counselling to patients.

  3. Amyand's hernia: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sofia Anagnostopoulou; Dimitrios Dimitroulis; Theodore G Troupis; Maria Allamani; Alexandros Paraschos; Antonios Mazarakis; Nikolaos I Nikiteas; Alkiviadis Kostakis

    2006-01-01

    The presence of vermiform appendix in inguinal hernia is rare and is known as Amyand's hernia. We report an Amyand's hernia, where the appendix was found in a right inguinal hernia in one male cadaver aged ninety two years.

  4. Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatic Cysts : Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiofrequency ablation has been frequently performed on intra-hepatic solid tumor, namely, hepatocellular carcinoma, metastatic tumor and cholangio carcinoma, for take the cure. But, the reports of radiofrequency ablation for intrahepatic simple cysts are few. In vitro experiment of animal and in vivo treatment for intrahepatic cysts of human had been reported in rare cases. We report 4 cases of radiofrequency ablation for symptomatic intrahepatic cysts

  5. Milk Intoxication—A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Remi Wulkan; Jet J. Bakker; Bastick, Alex N.; Johannes M. M. Boots

    2012-01-01

    Drinking milk is generally considered to fit in a healthy diet. In this case report however, it is demonstrated that drinking an excessive amount of milk in a relatively short period of time can form a serious health risk, mainly due to the extremely elevated level of triglycerides. To our knowledge, the levels of triglycerides that were measured in this patient are one of the highest ever reported. Moreover in this case report, etiology, diagnostic challenges and therapeutic options for such...

  6. Delleman (Oculocerebrocutaneous Syndrome: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Ortiz-Basso

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Delleman syndrome is an unusual entity, characterized by ocular cysts or microphthalmia, focal dermal anomalies and cerebral malformations. In the following article, we carry out a review of the disease and we present the case of a patient with microphthalmos and palpebral coloboma. As we could not put orbital expanders at an early stage, we performed reconstructive surgery.

  7. LAUGHING SEIZURES: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deb K

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Normal laughter is a human behavioral response to pleasant feeling, whereas pathological laughter is disproportionate to the emotional context. Hypothalamic hamartoma usually presented with laughing seizures. We are presenting a case of laughing seizure with hypothalamic hamartoma detected on MR Imaging in a 21 years female.

  8. CHRONIC PANNICULITIS-case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Drljević,

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available The case shows chronic panniculitis in a thirty-year-old female patient without general symptoms. The disease is very rare and its etiology is unknown. Clinical picture is characterized by subcutaneous, erythematous nodules on lower legs, sometimes occuring on the trunk. The diagnosis was based on anamnesis, clinical and laboratory findings,and dermatopathology.

  9. Poland's syndrome (A case report)

    OpenAIRE

    Calpur, Osman U.; Aktas, Seref

    2004-01-01

    Poland s syndrome is a rare disease characterized by congenital aplasia of the pectoralis major muscle associated with ipsilateral hand deformities (mosr often synbrachydactylia). In this paper we presented a case of Poland s syndrome with a short review of contemporary literature.

  10. Bone cryptococcosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cryptococcus neoformans is a rare cause of osteomyelitis that can be associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. We present a case in a patient with idiopathic CD4+T lymphocytopenia, reviewing the pathogenesis and the radiographic findings. (Author) 6 refs

  11. Arteriovenous Malformation: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present case illustrates an arteriovenous malformation of the cheek in a 25-year-old male. The clinical presentation, radiographic findings, differential diagnosis, treatment and histopathologic description are presented. Diagnosis of the lesion was confirmed by angiography, and the lesion was treated by angiographically controlled vascular embolization followed by complete surgical excision.

  12. Primary intracranial leiomyoma: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a case of intracranial parenchymal leiomyoma in a 20-year-old woman with a chief complaint of numbness and a painful sensation over the right limbs for several years. CT and MRI revealed an intensely enhancing calcified mass. The patient was well, without recurrence, 2 years after surgery. (orig.)

  13. "Tarantula keratitis": a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McAnena, L

    2013-09-01

    A case of an 11-year-old boy presenting with a two-week history of a red, irritated right eye after handling a Chilean Rose Tarantula at an exotic pet exhibition. Examination revealed innumerable microscopic hairs embedded at all levels of the cornea. He was commenced on steroid drops with subjective and objective improvement at follow up.

  14. Dengue encephalitis -a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    P.C.Bhattacharyya; Jagdish Prasad Agarwal

    2009-01-01

    Encephalitis is an uncommon manifestation of dengue fever.Here we present a 4 years old female child from Northeast Region of India who suffered from dengue encephalitis.To our knowledge,this is probably the first diagnosed case of dengue fever from this region.

  15. Tuberculous Osteopathy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. MAZAHER

    1971-07-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of tuberculosis of many bones (skull, ribs and pubis is described. There was also paravertebral cold abscess with fistulisation opened to groin region; no lesions were seen in lungs, urinary or gastrointestinal tracts. The response to medical treatment was favourable.

  16. Peritoneal dissemination from central neurocytoma: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Coelho Neto Maurício; Ramina Ricardo; Meneses Murilo Sousa de; Arruda Walter Oleschko; Milano Jerônimo Buzetti

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: central neurocytoma is a low grade tumor of neuroglial origin and a relatively new histological entity. Only a few cases have been reported and its biological behavior is still uncertain. Some cases have shown an aggressive behavior (local recurrence, malignant dedifferentiation or CSF dissemination) and challenged the initial view of its relative benignity. A case of central neurocytoma with peritoneal dissemination is presented. CASE: a six years-old boy with recurrent neurocytom...

  17. Presacral Schwannoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Ozkardes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available    Schwannomas are encapsulated peripheral nerve sheath tumors. They are rarely seen in the presacral area and are reported mostly in women. Complete resection is mandatory for treatment of schwannoma. After surgical resection recurrence is rare, and the prognosis is usually good. A 34 years old woman with presacral schwannoma who is successfully treated via transabdominal total excision is presented here in this report. No recurrence was seen after six months follow up.

  18. Nitric Acid Poisoning: Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nitric acid (HNO3) is a corrosive fluid that, when in contact with reducing agents, generates nitrogen oxides that are responsible for inhalation poisoning. We present two cases of poisoning from nitric acid gas inhalation resulting from occupational exposure. Imaging findings were similar in both cases, consistent with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): bilaterally diffuse alveolar opacities on the chest X-ray and a cobblestone pattern on computed tomography (CT).one of the patients died while the other evolved satisfactorily after treatment with n-acetyl cysteine and mechanical ventilation. The diagnosis of nitric acid poisoning was made on the basis of the history of exposure and the way in which the radiological findings evolved.

  19. Chilaiditi Sign: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz Çetin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a 15-year-old female patient with medullary thyroid carcinoma, marfanoid habitus, and mucosal ganglioneuromatosis. Our case had a RET protooncogene mutation ser836 polymorphism in exon 14 and ser904 polymorphism in exon 15. Our patient is thought to be atypical MEN2B due to the absence of M918T or A883F mutations. Chilaiditi sign is an incidental radiographic finding of a usually asymptomatic condition in which a part of intestine is located between the liver and diaphragm; however, the term “Chilaiditi syndrome” is used for symptomatic hepatodiaphragmatic interposition. The patient had no symptoms as abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, or emesis. Incidentally, Chilaiditi sign was diagnosed with chest radiograph and thoracoabdominal CT. Our case is the first in the literature indicating the coexistence of Chilaiditi sign and MEN2B.

  20. Pleural mesothelioma – case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pleural mesothelioma is a very rare neoplasm; especially the local form. The diagnostics is difficult and the prognosis unfavourable. We presented a case of a man with dyspnoea and cough. His chest radiogram showed hydrothorax on the left side. Neither the examinations of the pleural liquid, nor the CT-guided fine needle biopsy established the diagnosis. CT showed features suggestive of pleural mesothelioma. The diagnosis was confirmed by thoracoscopy. Although no neoplastic cells were found in the thoracoscopic specimen from the supradiaphragmatic tumor, we assumed that to be a case of a diffuse, primarily local form of mesothelioma. Diagnostics of pleural mesothelioma is very difficult. CT and thoracoscopy seem to be very valuable diagnostic methods. It is worth remembering that pleural mesothelioma can have a local form which may transform into a diffuse one

  1. [Ephedron dependence--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myślicka, Dominika; Zuk, Marta; Dziurkowski, Maciej

    2011-01-01

    Ephedrone (Methcathinone), a derivative of phenylpropan, (2-(methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-one) is synthesised from ephedrine or pseudoephedrine by potassium permanganate oxidation. It has been demonstrated that ephedrone stimulates central nervous system and inhibits dopamine and norepinephrine re-uptake. The authors described the case of a 32-years-old patient, who has been addicted to ephedrone for three years. The case was compared with other articles. Attention was drawn to the growing problem of ephedrone addiction, which is often used as an easier to obtain and cheaper replacement of amphetamine. The risk arising from the intravenous route of ephedrone administration, as well as the potential for manganese poisoning were highlighted. Inconsistency of the existing legislation was also shown, which is prohibiting the use of Catha edulis derivatives and not regulating disposal of substances, which are precursors of psychoactive and addictive ephedrone. PMID:21614834

  2. Occipital Neuralgia. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urbano Solis Cartas

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Occipital neuralgia or Arnold's neuralgia is a rare condition that primarily affects women. There are multiple causes that can trigger this disorder, which is clinically characterized by the presence of pain of varying intensity, characteristic radiation of pain and presence of trigger points. Occipital nerve block can be an important element in the diagnosis of the condition. The intensity, frequency and characteristics of pain can considerably limit the perception of quality of life of patients who suffer from it. The case of a 57-year-old patient with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis and symptoms compatible with occipital neuralgia is presented. This case is of interest given the frequent emergency department visits by patients with neck pain and the scarcity of studies on this condition

  3. Emphysematous cholecystitis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emphysematous cholecystitis is an uncommon condition which may mimic acute cholecystitis. But it differs from acute cholecystitis in its relatively greater frequency in men and diabetics and has graver prognosis. The condition is diagnosed by demonstration of air in lumen, wall of gallbladder and/or pericholecystic space using a variety of radiographic techniques: simple abdominal radiography, ultrasonography and CT scanning. One illustrative case is presented herein and the pertinent literature is reviewed

  4. SUBCUTANEOUS PHYCOMYCOSIS: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Thilak Sundararaj, Meera Govindaraju, Brindha Thangaraj

    2015-01-01

    Subcutaneous Phycomycosis is a rare tropical Mycoses characterized by the development of a chronic, firm swelling of the subcutaneous tissue. Infection caused by Basidiobolus species commonly affects young children. In this article we present a case of Subcutaneous Phycomycosis which presented as a diffuse swelling in the posterior aspect of the knee. Early diagnosis and treatment with Itraconazole caused complete clearance of the lesion. We highlight the merits of accurate diagnosis and earl...

  5. Morgagni hernia: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a rare case of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (Morgagni), in which the radiological findings had evidenced a consolidation in right inferior hemithorax. The first diagnostic was pneumonia, however it did not have improvement with the treatment, and a computed tomography was made which suggested a pleural lipomatosis. However, the diagnosis was only carried through during the surgery. We make a revision on this clinical presentation, as well as its main imaging findings. (author)

  6. Coronary artery aneurysm: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Burkhart Harold M; Everett Jeffrey E

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Aneurysms of the left main coronary artery are rare with an incidence of 0.1% in large angiographic series. The majority are atherosclerotic in origin. Other causes include connective tissue disorders, trauma, vasculitis, congenital, mycotic and idiopathic. The primary complication is myocardial ischemia or infarction, with rupture being rare. Treatment options include anticoagulation, custom made covered stents, reconstruction, resection, and exclusion with bypass. Case...

  7. Achalasia of esophagus - case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author presents the characteristic features in the radiologic of the achalasia on a case of a 67 year old patient. The patient had a long - standing dysphagia and odynophagia, which had progressed gradually during 21 years to the third stage of the disease with atonic oesophagus. The most important problem still remains the differentiating from the cardia - type gastric carcinoma and fibroendoscopy with/or without biopsy is an inevitable supplementary diagnostic method in differential diagnostic procedure. (authors)

  8. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa: four case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Ibne

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare cause of gigantism of limb which can be confused with other common causes like congenital lymphedema. It presents usually with loss of function and cosmetic problems. Four cases are described with emphasis on clinical presentation, differential diagnoses, imaging and treatment options. Methods & Results Four patients of macrodystrophia lipomatosa were thoroughly examined and subjected to investigations. Conclusion Besides diligent clinical examination, imaging and histopathology are crucial in clinching the diagnosis.

  9. Cutaneous leishmaniasis: a case report:

    OpenAIRE

    Kokol, Rok; Marovt, Maruška; Miljković, Jovan; Stanimirović, Andrija

    2010-01-01

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of leishmaniasis caused by flagellate protozoa of the genus Leishmania transmitted by sand fly bites. OldWorld leishmaniasis is endemic in the Mediterranean Sea and the neighbouring countries. We present a case of a 10-year-old boy with a cutaneous leishmaniasis in form of papules on the nose, right and left lower leg. Histopathological examination showed diffuse dermal infiltrate predominantly of macrophages with admixture of few lymphocytes, e...

  10. Rhinoentomophthoromycosis: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Agrawal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Entomophthoromycosis is chronic granulomatous fungal infection with varied presentation as subcutaneous,mucocutaneous and visceral infections. The majority of the subcutaneous infection caused by entomophthoralean fungi involves Basidiobolus spp, C. coronatus, or C. incongruous. A case of rhinoentomophthoromycosis in an immunocompetent male involving maxillary sinus and nose is presented. The patient was clinically diagnosed as malignancy of nose but microscopy and histopathology of the aspirate clinched the diagnosis. The patient responded to antifungal therepy.

  11. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Miladinović-Đukanović Nataša; Đoković Jelena; Torbica Nikola; Popević Martin

    2009-01-01

    Introduction. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia is a particular form of inflammatory and fibroproliferative lung disease. The disease onset is subacute with cough, dyspnoea, fever, weight loss, and elevation of biological inflammatory markers. Chest imaging usually shows multifocal alveolar opacities predominating in the subpleural regions. Lung biopsy reveals budding connective tissue filling the distal airspaces. Case outline. A 57-year-old electrician complaining of cough, dyspnoea, and fat...

  12. Case report 561: Systemic mastocytosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case is presented of a 55-year-old man with systemic mastocytosis. CT studies showed mesenteric and retroperetoneal lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and sclerotic lesions of lumbar vertebrae. Lesions of the skin were absent. Pathological studies of lymph nodes indicated the presence of mastocytosis. The clinical, radiological and pathological features of this disorder and its five forms were discussed. Prognosis and treatment were also considered. (orig./GDG)

  13. Case report 369: Systemic mastocytosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In summary, the case of a 58-year-old woman with upper gastrointestinal symptoms and a reddish-brown skin rash over a number of years has been presented. Biopsies from various sites, including bone marrow, were negative initially. A repeat cutaneous biopsy demonstrated the presence of systemic mastocytis. The characteristic clinical and radiological aspects of mastocytosis were described and the pathological features also were considered. A relevant differential diagnosis of the sclerotic form of mastocytosis was presented. (orig.)

  14. Case report 369: Systemic mastocytosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodenberg, J.C.; Maegaard, K.K.; Svanholm, H.

    1986-05-01

    In summary, the case of a 58-year-old woman with upper gastrointestinal symptoms and a reddish-brown skin rash over a number of years has been presented. Biopsies from various sites, including bone marrow, were negative initially. A repeat cutaneous biopsy demonstrated the presence of systemic mastocytis. The characteristic clinical and radiological aspects of mastocytosis were described and the pathological features also were considered. A relevant differential diagnosis of the sclerotic form of mastocytosis was presented.

  15. Case report 561: Systemic mastocytosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweitzer, M.E.; Irwin, G.A.L. (Nassau County Medical Center, East Meadow, NY (USA). Dept. of Radiology)

    1989-08-01

    A case is presented of a 55-year-old man with systemic mastocytosis. CT studies showed mesenteric and retroperetoneal lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly and sclerotic lesions of lumbar vertebrae. Lesions of the skin were absent. Pathological studies of lymph nodes indicated the presence of mastocytosis. The clinical, radiological and pathological features of this disorder and its five forms were discussed. Prognosis and treatment were also considered. (orig./GDG).

  16. Colitis after polytrauma: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    William E. Carter, MD, MPH; Isaac A. Darko, MD; Priya Chandan, MD, MPH; Ajit B. Pai, MD

    2014-01-01

    Across the medical literature, delayed diagnosis and treatment leads to more costly and worse outcomes. Rehabilitation patients, especially those with polytrauma, often have a complex mixture of medical, social, and psychological health problems that can impair effective diagnosis and treatment. The case presentation describes the procession toward the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis in a preinjury asymptomatic male, suggesting a potential mechanism for its emergence and describing the effect...

  17. Ligneous gingivitis: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNDOĞAR, Hasan; Üstün, Kemal; SEZER, Ufuk; ERCİYAS, Kamile

    2013-01-01

    Ligneous gingivitis, also known as destructive membranous periodontal disease is a rare periodontal condition. While first case was published by Frimodt-Moller at 1973, ligneous conjunctivitis was first described in 1847 by Bouisson. It is characterized by nodular gingival enlargement with ulcerations. Usually conjunctival and gingival lesions were observed together and have same histopathological changes. A 32 month-old female patient with ligneous conjunctivitis, was referred to Gaziantep U...

  18. CUTANEOUS ANTHRAX: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Gargi; Indrani; Pratip Kumar; Samidul Hoque

    2013-01-01

    Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of Anthrax. The aim was to detect the presence of Bacillus anthracis in a case of suspected Cu taneous Anthrax in a 30 year old male who had history of handling a sick cow and noticed a painless ulcer on his palm 4 days later . Microbiological investigations revealed the presence of Bacillus anthracis . A diagnosis of Cutaneous Anthrax was made and th e concerned authority was immediately notified

  19. Serratia sepsis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    BAYKAN, Dr.Mahmut; Özerol, Dr. İ. Halil; KART, Dr.Hilal; BAYSAL, Dr.Bülent

    1994-01-01

    We refxirt a case of Serratia sepsis who developed in a boy whom 12 years old. Serratia organizms occur in soil, dairy products, water and sewage, as well as in the intestinal and upper respiratory tract of man and animals. The microorganism was long considered a harmless bacteria, but since 1960, it has been isolated with increasing frequency in human mostly in nosocomial infections. Serratia usually infect patients with debilitating disorders, or under treatment with broad-spectrum antimicr...

  20. Notalgia Paresthetica: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    SUBAŞI, Volkan; AŞKIN, Ülkü

    2012-01-01

    Notalgia paresthetica is a unilateral sensorial neuropathy which is characterized by burning pain, paresthesia, hyperestesia and sensitivity with hyperpigmented pruritic skin lesion in the scapular region. A 50-year-old women presented to the dermatology clinic with a pruritic hyperpigmented skin lesion in the scapular region and because of her back pain and burning pain in her skin she was consultated to physical medicine and rehabilitation clinic. We aimed to present and discuss this case w...

  1. MLASA SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Fallah

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractMitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis, and sideroblastic anemia (MLASA syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of oxidative phosphorylation and iron metabolism. The association between myopathy and sideroblastic anemia was initially reported in 1974. Here we report an 8.5 year old boy with normal cognitive function, suffering from chronic progressive weakness in his lower extremities, inability to walk and palor. Microcytic sideroblastic anemia, mild lactic acidosis and inflammatory myopathy (myositis in muscle biopsy was detected and treated; the response to corticosteroid therapy and rehabilitation was excellent and the patient was ambulatory after four months.

  2. Honduras : Education Resilience Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    This country report and the data presented herein are a product of the piloting of the RES-360 tool in Honduras. First, national level data was collected from government strategic plans, focus groups with Ministry of Education leadership, and secondary sources such as national studies on youth violence. Next, focus groups were conducted with teachers, parents, and students from two selecte...

  3. Neurocutaneous Melanosis: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Yoon Nae; Jeong, Hae Woong; In, Hyun Sin [Dept. of Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of a large or multiple congenital melanocytic nevus with proliferation of melanocytes in the central nervous system. The prognosis of neurocutaneous melanosis is extremely poor and its diagnostic approach requires understanding its brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. We report a patient with asymptomatic neurocutaneous melanosis and its radiologic findings.

  4. Acute pancreatitis following medical abortion: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amini Hashem

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute pancreatitis rarely complicates pregnancy. Although most pregnant women with acute pancreatitis have associated gallstones, less common causes such as drugs have been reported. Case presentation We report the case of a 34-year-old woman who underwent medical abortion with mifepristone and gemeprost and received codeine as pain-relief during the induction of abortion. She developed a severe acute necrotizing pancreatitis which required 14 days of intensive care. Other possible etiological factors, i.e. gallstone, alcohol intake and hyperlipidemia, were excluded. Conclusions The reported case of acute pancreatitis was most likely drug-induced.

  5. Medial subtalar dislocation: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manojlović Radovan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Subtalar dislocation (SI is a term that refers to an injury in which there is dislocation of the talonavicular and talocalcanear joint, although the tibiotalar joint is intact. Case Outline. A case of medial subtalar dislocation as a result of basketball injury, so-called 'basketball foot', is presented. Closed reposition in i.v. anaesthesia was performed with the patient in supine position and a knee flexed at 90 degrees. Longitudinal manual traction in line of deformity was carried out in plantar flexion. The reposition continued with abduction and eversion simultaneously increasing dorsiflexion. It was made in the first attempt and completed instantly. Rehabilitation was initiated after 5 weeks of immobilization. One year after the injury, the functional outcome was excellent with full range of motion and the patient was symptom-free. For better interpretation of roentgenogram, bone model of subtalar dislocation was made using the cadaver bone. Conclusion. Although the treatment of such injury is usually successful, diagnosis can be difficult because it is a rare injury, and moreover, X-ray of the injury can be confusing due to superposition of bones. Radiograms revealed superposition of the calcaneus, tarsal and metatarsal bones which was radiographically visualized in the anterior-posterior projection as one osseous block inward from the talus, and on the lateral view as in an osteal block below the tibial bone. Prompt recognition of these injuries followed by proper, delicately closed reduction under anaesthesia is crucial for achieving a good functional result in case of medial subtalar dislocation.

  6. Encapsulating peritoenal sclerosis: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đurić Petar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis is a possible, serious, life-threatening complication of peritoneal dialysis therapy. Case 1. A female patient was hospitalized for clinical signs of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis in the inflammatory stage with fever, intestinal occlusion, positive inflammatory syndrome (Le 20 K/μL, CRP 217 mg/L and highly turbid peritoneal effluent (Le 3.3 K/μL with sterile culture. Risk factors for the development of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis were nine previous episodes of peritonitis and long-term use of high osmolality dialysis solution. The diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography findings. During the course of therapy, the patient had a good response to Tamoxifen and prednisone. Although encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis was well controlled, the patient died after eight months due to tuberculosis of the lungs with signs of heart failure. Case 2. The clinical presentation also corresponded to encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis in the inflammation stage, and the identified risk factors were the long-term treatment with peritoneal dialysis (100 months and an episode of peritonitis with tunnel infection. The first sign of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis was hemorrhagic ascites, which was observed when the peritoneal catheter was being replaced. The diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography findings. He was treated with Tamoxifen (10 mg 2x2 tbl. Except anemia, poor appetite and fatigue, the patient denied any other symptoms after 14 months of therapy. Conclusion. During peritoneal dialysis, one should always think about encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis which is not always easy to recognize. Timely diagnosis with the use of corticosteroids and Tamoxifen in the first and Tamoxifen in the second case were effective in controlling and preventing disease progression.

  7. [Eye Myiasis - a Case Report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopecký, A; Němčanský, J; Doležil, Z; Mašková, R; Mašek, P

    2015-09-01

    The authors describe a case of 47 years old patient who came to the department of ophthalmology with eye discomfort, ear bleeding and itching of both legs. The diagnosis of ophthalmomyiasis was made after an eye examination. Manual extraction of maggots from upper and lower fornix of the left eye was performed and symptomatic therapy was given. The patient was sent to otolaryngology and dermatology departments and MRI. The maggots were also found in both external auditory meatus and between the toes. MRI excluded affection of the deeper structures of the head. Improvement of the local condition was observed since the first follow-up visit. PMID:26782730

  8. Congenital acinar dysplasia. Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) is a rare cause of pulmonary insufficiency , and had a significant rate of morbidity and mortality among affected infants. In most cases ,pulmonary hypoplasia is secondry to underlying abnormalities . These may include space occupying lesions as infants with cogential diaphragmatic hernia; malformation of chest wall resulting in a small thorcacic cavity; severe and prolonged olygohydramnios; and neuromuscular disorders, which prevent normal fetal chest expansion.All lead to poor lung development. Primary PH as a result of cogenital acinar dysplasia is exceedingly rare and is diagnosed by exclusionof all known etiologies of secondary PH. (author)

  9. Emphysematous pyelonephritis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Tiratterra

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a severe, life-threatening, necrotizing kidney disease. It occurs almost exclusively in patients with diabetes mellitus. The clinical manifestations are those of pyelonephritis such as dysuria, fever, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The diagnosis is radiological. The treatment strategies are controversial. They include medical management only, percutaneous catheter drainage plus medical management, emergency nephrectomy plus medical treatment or percutaneous drainage plus medical management and emergency nephrectomy. We present the case of a 68-year-old woman affected by emphysematous pyelonephritis successfully managed with conservative medical treatment.

  10. Colitis after polytrauma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William E. Carter, MD, MPH

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Across the medical literature, delayed diagnosis and treatment leads to more costly and worse outcomes. Rehabilitation patients, especially those with polytrauma, often have a complex mixture of medical, social, and psychological health problems that can impair effective diagnosis and treatment. The case presentation describes the procession toward the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis in a preinjury asymptomatic male, suggesting a potential mechanism for its emergence and describing the effect of delayed diagnosis on the efficiency of rehabilitative care. As such, the differential diagnosis for early posttraumatic diarrhea should remain broad, particularly if unexplained or ineffectively controlled.

  11. Tethered cord syndrome: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tethered cord syndrome is one of the filum terminale congenital defects. It can coexist with anomalies of the spinal canal and column, as well as with anorectal defects. The authors present a case of tethered cord syndrome diagnosed in a 45-year-old woman. She showed typical lumbo-sacral radicular syndrome with no neurological deficits and no bowel/bladder dysfunction. The anomaly coexisted with fibrolipoma, spina bifida and Tarlov cyst. Magnetic resonance imaging is the method of choice in diagnostics of tethered cord syndrome. It provides crucial information, which is necessary for planning surgical treatment of the anomaly. (author)

  12. Angioid streaks. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aimé Broche Hernández

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Angioid streaks are breaks in Bruch's membrane displayed at the bottom of the eye as orange or gray bands around the optic disc, and from that point on they extend radially. There are a number of diseases associated with the development of angioid streaks such as the pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Paget's disease, senile elastosis and hyperplastic fibrous dysplasia or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. A case of a patient with pseudoxanthoma elasticum who suffers from sudden loss of bilateral visual acuity after a facial trauma is presented.

  13. [Piezosurgery mandibular enostosis: case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipriano, L; Cimmino, R; De Paolis, Gianfranco; Guerra, F; Pillon, A; Caputo, M; Izzo, P; Trombetta, S; Basso, L; Izzo, L

    2007-05-01

    The bone surgery has always used manual and rotary instruments. The biomedical engineering with ultrasound working principle has given a new surgery instruments, which allow a selective cutting action of bone tissue and the protection of soft tissue. Our case shows an uncommon clinical lesion surgically dangerous for the narrow adjoining of important anatomical structures as the lower alveolar artery and the lower alveolar nerve. The clinical result and recovery time go toward a smaller traumatic situation of this methodology of the cutting of bone tissue. PMID:17547790

  14. Dental Trauma. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Soto Ugalde

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Dental traumas in children are common; therefore the dentist should be trained to solve them. This paper presents the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of a child with a 12 mm overjet, mouth breathing habit and bilabial incompetence who suffered a severe trauma to tooth number 11, causing its mobility. A splint was applied to the affected tooth and subsequently, a root canal filling was performed, all with a satisfactory outcome. Although these traumas are common, the presentation of this case is important due to its use in the teaching context.

  15. Cherubism: Report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Elias Kuruvilla

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cherubism is an uncommon fibro-osseous disorder of the jaw that presents with varying degrees of involvement and tendency towards spontaneous remission. Children are normal at birth and the expanding jaw is noticed within the first year of life becoming progressively larger until the beginning of adolescence. Lesions are characterized by replacement of bone with fibrovascular tissue containing abundant multinucleated giant cells. Here, we describe a case of cherubism in a 4-year-old child with swelling on both sides of mandible with clinic radiographic features and suggestions for therapy.

  16. [Cervicofacial actinomycosis: two case reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mettler, Simone; Brunner, Flavio; Lambrecht, J Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Infectious diseases transmitted by actinomycosis species cause severe destructive lesions. This rare and specific infection is mainly found in the orofacial regions. Causes of any hard tissue swelling in the jaw have, thus, to be assessed carefully. When actinomycosis is identified, a surgical intervention with curettement, draining and long-term antibiosis is required. The aim of the current article is to describe two clinical cases and to show the necessity of both, microbiological and histological laboratory diagnostics, to hedge the clinic diagnosis. PMID:19408527

  17. Cryptococcosis in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus : two cases : case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A. Bolton

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Cryptococcus neoformans is a yeast-like organism associated with pulmonary, meningoencephalitic, or systemic disease. This case report documents 2 cases of cryptococcosis with central nervous system involvement in captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus. In both cases the predominant post mortal lesions were pulmonary cryptococcomas and extensive meningoencephalomyelitis. Both cheetahs tested negative for feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus. The organism isolated in Case 2 was classified as Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii, which is mainly associated with disease in immunocompetent hosts.

  18. Uterine Inversion; A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchikhi, C; Saadi, H; Fakhir, B; Chaara, H; Bouguern, H; Banani, A; Melhouf, Ma

    2008-01-01

    The puerperal uterine inversion is a rare and severe complication occurring in the third stage of labour. The mechanisms are not completely known. However, extrinsic factors such as oxytocic arrests after a prolonged labour, umbilical cord traction or abdominal expression are pointed. Other intrinsic factors such as primiparity, uterine hypotonia, various placental localizations, fundic myoma or short umbilical cord were also reported. The diagnosis of the uterine inversion is mainly supported by clinical symptoms. It is based on three elements: haemorrhage, shock and a strong pelvic pain. The immediate treatment of the uterine inversion is required. It is based on a medical reanimation associated with firstly a manual reduction then surgical treatment using various techniques. We report an observation of a 25 years old grand multiparous patient with a subacute uterine inversion after delivery at home. PMID:21516244

  19. PARAQUAT POISONING: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kabade

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Paraquat {PQ}, a herbicide available as 20% solution can cause lethal effects due to production of free radicals formed by the cyclic oxidation - reduction reactions of the compound with tissues resulting in multiorgan failure. Symptoms of PQ ingestion are usually do se - dependent, and intoxication can be categorized to mild, moderate, and fulminant. Most common symptoms being vomiting (100% followed by oral ulceration (59%, dysphagia (53% and dyspnea (41%. Diagnosis of PQ poisoning is usually made based on circumst antial evidences. PQ levels can be estimated and is of prognostic significance. Almost always PQ causes morbidty and mortality except in few cases where dose is inadequate. Here we present a case of 25 year old patient with PQ poisoning which resulted in o ral mucosal and upper gastrointestinal ulcerations which subsequently healed with antioxidants, antibiotics and local ap p lications of povidine iodine. As there were no respiratory symptoms cyclophosphamide or steroids was not used. Patient was discharged a fter 1 month of hospital admission with all parameters within normal limits. . In spite of advances in medical care, prompt treatment, and supportive care, mortality still remains high mainly due to multiorgan failure .

  20. Abernethy malformation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pathak Ashish

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Abernethy malformation is a very rare congenital vascular malformation defined by diversion of portal blood away from liver. It is commonly associated with multiple congenital anomalies. We present a case of Abernethy malformation, without associated congenital anomalies from India. Case presentation A 5-year-old female child presented with short history of jaundice. A provisional diagnosis of acute viral hepatitis was made in view of clinical presentation and local endemicity of viral hepatitis A. Persistence of jaundice on follow up after 4 weeks led to detailed investigations. Ultrasound and doppler study of abdomen revealed drainage of portal vein into inferior vena cava. CT angiography was performed which confirmed the diagnosis of Type 1 b Abernethy malformation without associated major anomalies. We discuss the common clinical presentations, associated anomalies, diagnostic workup and treatment options of this disorder. Conclusion The treatment of the patients with congenital porto-systemic shunts depends on the site of the shunt, associated congenital anomalies and the extent of liver damage but the prognosis depends on the complications irrespective of anatomical type. However, the extent of associated abnormalities should not deter paediatricians to refer patients for treatment. Whenever possible closure of the shunt should be advised for cure or to prevent complications. Only symptomatic type I patients with absence of possibility to close the shunt may require liver transplant. Long-term follow-up is indicated for all patients.

  1. Napkin psoriasis--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creţu, Anca; Crihan, Elena; Oanţă, A; Sălăvăstru, Carmen; Brănişteanu, D; Brănişteanu, Daciana Elena

    2014-01-01

    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that can affect up to 1% of children. Genetic (family history of psoriasis) and environmental factors (bacterial or viral infections, stress, and trauma) are frequently involved in its occurrence. Napkin psoriasis is a particular form of psoriasis affecting mainly children younger than 2 years of age and can be classified together with other diseases under diaper rash. We present the case of a 4-month-old infant, born at term, naturally, weight and height within the normal range, who was brought to the Dermatology Clinic for the occurrence of erythematosquamous lesions in the anogenital area, buttocks and upper third of the thighs, with subsequent dissemination of lesions. The onset of symptoms began a few days after a respiratory tract infection. Initially he received treatment with systemic antibiotic and topical corticosteroid and antibiotic with unfavorable outcome. Laboratory tests revealed iron-deficiency anemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, accelerated ESR, marked hepatic cytolysis, hyperphosphatemia and nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus. A systemic antihistamine and nonspecific desensitization treatment was administered. Topical treatment consisted in the removal of predisposing factors and irritants (diaper, urine) by rigorous hygiene, application of topical non-fluorinated cortico-steroid and use of emollients, with favorable course of the lesions. The peculiarity of the case is that the diagnosis of psoriasis was based on history, physical examination and laboratory tests, in the absence of a pathology examination to confirm the diagnosis. Pathology examination could not be performed due to patient's age as biopsy required general anesthesia. PMID:25581961

  2. Acute isoniazid intoxication: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Dilek Altun; Halil Cetingok; Gulay AsIk Eren; Zafer Cukurova; Oya Hergunsel

    2015-01-01

    Isoniazid is a bactericidal antituberculosis drug, used commonly for treatment and prophylaxis of tuberculosis. Acute isoniazid intoxication is characterized by a clinical triad consisting of metabolic acidosis with a high anion gap resistant to treatment with sodium bicarbonate, seizures which may be fatal and refractory to standard anticonvulsant therapy, and coma. Pyridoxine, in a dose equivalent to the amount of isoniasid ingested, is the only effective antidote. Here, we reported a 14 ye...

  3. Uterine Inversion; A case report

    OpenAIRE

    C, Bouchikhi; H, Saadi; B, Fakhir; H, Chaara; H, Bouguern; A, Banani; Melhouf MA

    2008-01-01

    The puerperal uterine inversion is a rare and severe complication occurring in the third stage of labour. The mechanisms are not completely known. However, extrinsic factors such as oxytocic arrests after a prolonged labour, umbilical cord traction or abdominal expression are pointed. Other intrinsic factors such as primiparity, uterine hypotonia, various placental localizations, fundic myoma or short umbilical cord were also reported. The diagnosis of the uterine inversion is mainly supporte...

  4. Hoffmann syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Senanayake, Hemal MS; Dedigama, Anujaya D; De Alwis, Randil P; Thirumavalavan, Kanapathipillai

    2014-01-01

    Hoffmann syndrome is a rare form of hypothyroid myopathy in adults characterized by presence of muscle weakness, stiffness and pseudohypertrophy. We report a 39 year old male with primary hypothyroidism diagnosed at childhood and not on regular thyroxine therapy who presented with fatigue, cold intolerance, constipation, exertional breathlessness, progressive proximal muscle weakness and swelling of the legs for one year. Examination revealed pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles with marked symm...

  5. Heterotaxy syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel de Souza Carneiro

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present report describes the findings at chest computed tomography angiography of a 28-year-old female patient with heterotaxy syndrome. This syndrome consists of a variety of anomalies of position and morphology of thoracoabdominal organs which do not follow the situs solitus or situs inversus arrangement. Imaging studies play a fundamental role in the individualization of the approach to the patient.

  6. Penis cancer: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Sampalmieri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penis cancer appears as a small lesion that extends gradually to affect the whole of the glans and the shaft of the penis. Its peak incidence is in men aged 40 to 70 years. The most frequent malignant penis tumour is squamous cell carcinoma, which occurrence is probably favoured by smegma accumulation, HPV16 and 18 infection, smoke, and balanitis xerotica obliterans. Here we discuss the case of a 74-year-old man with sovrapubic pain and swelling. Physical examination reveals swollen glans with purulent secretions and oedema. The final diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma is established by means of RMN and biopsy. Partial penectomy surgery follows. Histopathological examination shows poorly differentiated endophytic infiltrative growth. The tumour infiltrates corpus spongiosum, corpora cavernosa, and urethra. The proximal uretheral stump is free from infiltration (pT3.http://dx.doi.org/10.7175/cmi.v8i2.906 

  7. Cleidocranial dysplasia: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Jin Won [Kangnung National University College of Medicine, Kangnung (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-12-15

    Cleidocranial dysplasia is a rare, autosomal dominant congenital disorder. A 12-year-old female visited with chief complaint of unerupted permanent teeth. Also her father showed severe class III malocclusion. The extraoral radiography and computed tomography showed delayed closure of the cranial sutures and underdevelopment of maxilla, maxillary sinuses, and frontal sinus. Both clavicles were underdeveloped and thoracic rib cage was bell-shaped. Both zygomatic process appeared as hypoplastic feature. There were many unerupted permanent and supernumerary teeth in the maxilla and mandible. We examined location and number of the unerupted teeth using 3D CT. Finally we could conclude this case was cleidocranial dysplasia based on the clinico-radiologic findings.

  8. Familial Achalasia, a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kambiz Eftekhari

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:Although achalasia is a relatively rare disease in pediatric age group, it must be considered for differential diagnosis of esophageal disorders in children with positive family history even in the absence of typical clinical manifestations. Case Presentation: A 5-month old boy was hospitalized for cough and mild respiratory distress. Because of positive history of achalasia in his mother, achalasia was detected in esophgagography. Pneumatic dilation through endoscopy was successful. A 12-month follow-up revealed no problem. Conclusion:Achalasia must be considered for differential diagnosis in children with positive family history of achalasia even in the absence of typical clinical manifestations. An autosomal recessive mode of inheritance is probable. We suggest further researches and genetic studies to establish the pattern of inheritance.

  9. Familial Achalasia a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzaneh Motamed

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background:Although achalasia is a relatively rare disease in pediatric age group, it must be considered for differential diagnosis of esophageal disorders in children with positive family history even in the absence of typical clinical manifestations. Case Presentation: A 5-month old boy was hospitalized for cough and mild respiratory distress. Because of positive history of achalasia in his mother, achalasia was detected in esophgagography. Pneumatic dilation through endoscopy was successful. A 12-month follow-up revealed no problem.Conclusion:Achalasia must be considered for differential diagnosis in children with positive family history of achalasia even in the absence of typical clinical manifestations. An autosomal recessive mode of inheritance is probable. We suggest further researches and genetic studies to establish the pattern of inheritance.

  10. Bruck syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Stepanovich Buklaev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the clinical case of an infant with Bruck syndrome. The clinical and radiological analyses showed the presence of systemic osteoporosis with pathological fractures; contractures of the elbow, knee, and ankle joints; delay of physical and motor development; and signs of hypoplasia in some of the muscle groups. There was also a right-sided congenital muscular torticollis. X-ray analysis revealed a moderate antecurvation deformity of the lower legs and femurs, with cortical thinning. Laboratory data detected an abnormal beta-cross lap increase.Treatment of osteoporosis by inhibitors of osteoclastic resorption (pamidronate had a positive effect, and the elimination of flexion contractures at the elbow using plaster bandages with the distraction device also resulted in a positive effect.

  11. Acute Theophylline Intoxication: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehra Baykal Tutal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Theophylline is an efficient bronchodilatator, which is used in the treatment of the disease such like Chronic Obstructive Pulmoner Disease (COPD neonatal apnea, bradycardial syndrome. Blood levels of theophylline above 15 ug/ml have risk of intoxication. Acute and chronic intoxication can be seen. Nausea, vomitin, agitation, palpitation and metabolic abnormalities such as, hyperglisemia, hypokalemia, impairment in acid base equilibrium and leukocytosis can be seen in acute theophylline intoxication. Acute theophylline intoxications can result life threatening situations such as convulsions, ventricular arrhythmias and death. Theophylline intoxications are often iatrogenic. In this case, the clinical course of a patient with COPD who took theophylline with the intention of suicide attempt is to mentioned and discussion of diagnosis, treatment and clinical course of acute theophylline intoxication was to aimed.

  12. Intrathoracic Goiter. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alberto Puerto Lorenzo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland in the anterolateral part of the neck. It is estimated that approximately 3 % of the population worldwide suffer from this condition, although the incidence of nodular goiter has decreased in some countries due to the intake of iodized salt and iodine-rich food. A case of a 59 year-old female patient who attended consultation with an enlargement of the neck, accompanied by weakness, palpitations and dysphagia is presented. After being examined, she underwent surgery which confirmed the diagnosis of intrathoracic goiter. Since this is a rare pathology, it is of scientific interest for professionals dealing with the study and treatment of thyroid conditions.

  13. Footballer's ankle: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Footballer' s ankle is anterior bony spur or anterior impingement symptom of the ankle with anterior ankle pain, limited and painful dorsiflexion. The cause is commonly seen in athletes and dancers, and is probably due to repetitive minor trauma. The condition was firstly described by Morris;1 McMurray2 reported good results from excision of the spurs, naming it footballer's ankle. Opening resection of osteophytes of the anterior tibial and superior talar is an effective treatment for anterior impingement of the ankle.

  14. Segmental renal dysplasia--a case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta S; Chumber S; Sharma L

    1995-01-01

    A case of segmental renal dysplasia presenting with loin pain, a renal mass and hypertension in a young girl of 16 years is being reported. Clinical and histological features of this rare renal anomaly are discussed.

  15. DISSEMINATED HYDATIDOSIS: A RARE CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Satish Prasad

    2014-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a worldwide zoonosis produced by the larval stage of the Echinococcus tape worm. (1) We report the CT findings of a rare case of disseminated hydatid disease which was confirmed later by exploratory laparotomy.

  16. Intrinsic endometriosis of ureter: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endometriosis is a rare cause of an ureteral obstruction. We report a case of intrinsic ureteral endometriosis resulting in severe hydroureteronephrosis. The diagnosis of ureteral endometriosis may be considered in women with flank pain and ureteric obstruction within true pelvis

  17. Duodenal Mucinous Carcinoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jee, Keum Nahn [Dept. of Radiology, Dankook University Hospital, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    Duodenal mucinous carcinoma is exceedingly rare and a case report about duodenal mucinous carcinoma in a 61-year-old man mimicking pancreatic cystic neoplasm by radiological evaluation, endoscopy, and even surgical findings is presented.

  18. Calcifying Bursitis ischioglutealis: A Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Schuh, Alexander; Narayan, Chirag Thonse; Schuh, Ralph; Hönle, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The ischiogluteal bursa is an inconstant anatomical finding located between the ischial tuberosity and the gluteus maximus. Ischiogluteal bursitis is a rare disorder. Case Report: We report the case of a 43-year-old female patient with bilateral calcifying ischiogluteal bursitis. The patient had no relevant medical history of systemic illness or major trauma to the buttock. After aspiration of both ischiogluteal bursitis which delievered calcareous deposits and instillation of a...

  19. Odontogenic myxoma: Report of two cases

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy, Sridhar P.; Naag, Ananth; Kashyap, Bina

    2010-01-01

    Odontogenic tumors represents a broad spectrum of lesions ranging from benign to malignant to dental hamartomas all arising from odontogenic residues, that is, the odontogenic epithelium, ectomesenchyme with variable amounts of dental hard tissues formed in the same sequence as in normal tooth development. We report two cases of myxoma, which were misdiagnosed initially and latter, reported as odontogenic myxoma; and were treated by conservative surgical excision in one case and radical resec...

  20. Sturge-Weber syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Felipe G. dos Santos; Joanna G. da Conceição; Thaís Pimentel de Sá Bahia; Vanessa de A. S. Silva; Maria Eliza Barbosa Ramos; Mônica Israel

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: The Sturge-Weber Syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare vascular neurocutaneous alteration. The main clinical features of this syndrome are facial vascular cutaneous naevus, usually unilateral, which often follows the outline distribution of trigeminal nerve. Objective: To report a clinical case of Sturge-Weber Syndrome in a 29-yeral-old male patient who presented oral manifestations related to the syndrome. Case report and conclusion: The patient re...

  1. Linear Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Ichinokawa, Yuko; Ohtuki, Akiko; Hattori, Mariko; Sadamasa, Hiroko; Hiruma, Masataro; Matumoto, Toshiharu

    2011-01-01

    Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) presents with diverse clinical features, and several morphologic and histologic variants of BCC have been reported [Sexton et al.: J Am Acad Dermatol 1990;23:1118-1126]. Linear BCC was first described as a new clinical subtype in 1985 by Lewis [Int J Dematol 1985;24:124-125]. Here, we present a case of linear BCC that we recently encountered in an elderly Japanese patient, and review other cases reported in Japan.

  2. [Vasculitis caused by Pseudomonas: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escamilla, Y; Gutiérrez, M; Martínez, T; Bodoque, M; Gómez, J M; Moreno, A

    1996-01-01

    Pseudomona vasculitis is an exceptional disease. Only a few cases have been reported, non with oropharyngeal involvement. The case of a 30-year-old, HIV-positive man who suddenly developed septicemia and necrotizing lesions with tissue destruction of the oropharynx is reported. Histological study confirmed vasculitis. Pseudomona aeruginosa was isolated in peripheral blood and in the biopsy of the palatal lesion. Antibiotic treatment produced satisfactory results. PMID:8991411

  3. Thoracopagus Conjoined Twins: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Özgür Özdemir; Cavit Kart; Süleyman Güven; Turhan Aran; Mehmet A. Osmanağaoğlu; Hasan Bozkaya

    2011-01-01

    Objective. Conjoined twin is a rarely seen congenital anomaly together with severe mortality and morbidity. The more common types of conjoined twins include the thoracopagus type, where the fusion is anterior, at the chest, and involves the heart. We are reporting one case of conjoined thoracopagus twins diagnosed by ultrasonography at 11 weeks. Case Report. In a multigravid pregnant woman who has been admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of conjoined twins, thoracopagus, by ultrasonograph...

  4. Isolated Intramuscular Cysticercosis: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kanhere, Sujata; BHAGAT, Manish; Phadke, Varsha; GEORGE, Riya

    2015-01-01

    Human cysticercosis is caused by Cysticercus cellulosae, larvae of a tapeworm, Taenia solium. Cysticercosis can involve any tissue in the body; the most common affected sites are central nervous system, subcutaneous tissue, eyes, and muscles. A few cases of isolated intramuscular cysticercosis without any other tissue involvement have been reported in pediatric population. Here, we report a case of intramuscular cysticercosis diagnosed by ultrasonography in a 5.5 year-old boy who presented wi...

  5. Maxillary sinus textiloma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Textilomas have been reported in many locations. We report the first case of textiloma located in the maxillary sinus that mimicked a sinus cyst recurrence on computed tomography images. Case presentation A 60-year-old Caucasian man was referred for persistent infection of the right maxillary sinus. A maxillary sinus benign cyst had been removed three months before. Computed tomography showed a sinus opacity evoking a cyst recurrence. A new operation was planned to remove the cys...

  6. Tuberculosis of symphysis pubis: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay Meena; Shreesh Kumar Gangary

    2015-01-01

    Symphysis pubis is an uncommon site of tuberculosis and only few cases have been reported in the literature. It is important to distinguish it from the more common entities like Osteitis pubis and Osteomyelitis of pubis symphysis to prevent delay in diagnosis and minimize morbidity and prevent complications. We report a rare case of tuberculosis of symphysis pubis in a 50-year-old Indian female from low socioeconomic status. Diagnosis is not difficult if one is aware of the condition. A high ...

  7. Gullo’s Syndrome: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Prabhat; Ghosh, Anindya; Tandon, Vaibhav; Sahoo, Ratnakar

    2016-01-01

    Benign Pancreatic Hyperenzymemia (BPH) or Gullo’s Syndrome is a new entity with only few reported cases till date. It is characterized by persistently elevated pancreatic enzymes without any clinical or pathological evidence of pancreatic disease. Gullo’s syndrome is a diagnosis of exclusion and clinician should be aware of various other conditions which can cause elevation of pancreatic enzymes. There are no reported cases of Gullo’s syndrome from Indian subcontinent till date.

  8. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masannat, Yazan A; Whitehead, Stephen; Hawley, Ian; Apthorp, Lesley; Shah, Elizabeth F

    2010-01-01

    Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is a rare benign proliferating breast condition. It was first reported in 1986 when Vuitch, Rosen, and Erlandson described nine cases of benign well-circumscribed, breast masses that simulated vascular lesions consisting of mammary stromal proliferations (Vuitch et al. (1986)). Since then there have been few reported cases of PASH in the literature (Taira et al. (2005)). We describe a large PASH, mimicking inflammatory carcinoma in a young lady that was excised with excellent cosmetic results. PMID:21318179

  9. Octopus around heart: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Parikh, Rohan Pravinbhai; Beedkar, Amey; Maske, Mahendra; Talaviya, Bhavesh; Washimkar, Sunil; Deshmukh, Pradeep; Deshpande, Mukund

    2016-01-01

    Left main coronary aneurysm is extremely rare entity under umbrella of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Epidemiological and clinical data are lacking to guide management strategy. The case described here is of 72 years old male who presented with SIHD (stable ischemic heart disease). Coronary angiography revealed coronary artery aneurysm involving left main. Out of less than 50 cases reported worldwide, most cases deal with non-atherosclerotic causes of left main coronary artery aneur...

  10. Perianal episiotomy scar endometrioma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Wei Chiang; Kim, Kyo Nam; Kim, Soo Ah; Kim, Soon Yong [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-09-01

    Endometrioma is a common clinical condition, but cases in which an episiotomy scaris present are, however, rare: only two cases have been reported in obstetric journals, and one other in a radiologic journal. All three were in English. We encountered a case in which a solitary endometrioma was present in the perineal region beneath an episiotomy scar. An irregularly marginated hypoechoic mass was revealed by US, and a discrete homogeneous enhancing mass by CT. (author)

  11. Mitral valve prolapse - report of 3 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Moon Hee; Im, Chung Ki; Im, Dong Ran; Han, Man Chung; Lee, Young Woo; Seo, Jung Don [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1979-12-15

    Prolapse of mitral valve is characterized by its unique auscultatory, echocardiographic and angiographic findings and may be associated with various disease entities such as congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease and Marfan's syndrome etc. Authors report recent experience of 3 cases of prolapsed mitral valve, 2 cases associated with A.S.D. and 1 case with Marfan's syndrome.

  12. Aphonia after shoulder surgery: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto da Silva Soares Moreno

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In this case report we highlight the uniqueness of aphonia as, to the best of our knowledge, cases of aphonia related to interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB are not described in the literature. Although hoarseness is a common complication of IBPB, aphonia is not. Therefore, we think it is important to publicize the first case of aphonia after IBPB, which may have arisen only because of a recurrent laryngeal nerve chronic injury contralateral to the IBPB site.

  13. Aluminium phosphide poising: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the case of a family in which three children were presented at Emergency Room (ER) with poisoning after the use of a pesticide at home. Initially, the cases were managed as routine cases of organophosphorus poisoning; however, the death of two children made the health team members realise that the poison's effects were delayed and devastating. Later, the compound was identified as Aluminium Phosphide (ALP), and the life of the last surviving child in the family was saved. (author)

  14. Roseomonas gilardii Infection: Case Report and Review

    OpenAIRE

    Shokar, Navkiran K.; Shokar, Gurjeet S; Islam, Jamal; Cass, Alvah R

    2002-01-01

    Roseomonas gilardii is a bacterium that has been indicated as a rare cause of human infections. The case of a patient presenting with cellulitis and bacteremia secondary to R. gilardii is described together with the clinical characteristics of infection with this organism obtained from a review of cases previously reported.

  15. BILATERAL OVARIAN TORSION: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Manohar; Gopalakrishna; Kavyashree; Kala; Karthik

    2014-01-01

    : Bilateral ovarian torsion is a rare event with only a few cases reported in literature in women using ovarian stimulation drugs and in pre-menarchal age group with synchronous and asynchronous ovarian tumors. We hereby present a case of bilateral ovarian torsion in a 16 year old girl who presented as an acute pain abdomen and was diagnosed intra operatively.

  16. Cerebellopontine Choroid Plexus Papilloma: Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the case of an adult female patient who presented with a mass in the cerebellopontine angle, corresponding to a choroid plexus papilloma. Due to this uncommon location, we report this case and describe its imaging characteristics and the possible differential diagnoses.

  17. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohn, Kyung Myung; Kim, Ki Jun; Maeng, E-So [The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-11-15

    An retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is extremely rare and often mimics other cystic disease such as a lymphangioma, pseudocyst, or cystic tumor of the pancreas. We have recently experienced a case of a peripancreatic bronchogenic cyst in 32-year-old woman. We report this case with a description of the CT findings and a review of the literature.

  18. Abdominal shotgun trauma: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Toutouzas, Konstantinos G; Larentzakis, Andreas; Drimousis, Panagiotis; Riga, Maria; Theodorou, Dimitrios; Katsaragakis, Stylianos

    2008-01-01

    Introduction One of the most lethal mechanisms of injury is shotgun wound and particularly the abdominal one. Case presentation We report a case of a 45 years old male suffering abdominal shotgun trauma, who survived his injuries. Conclusion The management of the abdominal shotgun wounds is mainly dependent on clinical examination and clinical judgment, while requires advanced surgical skills.

  19. PALIPERIDONE INDUCED TARDIVE DYSKINESIA: CASE REPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niraj

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available : Two cases of TD following treatment with Paliperidone are reported. Both patients were administered Paliperidone, for a very short period, following which they developed Tardive Dyskinesia. CONCLUSION: Second generation antipsychotics are traditionally believed to cause lesser tardive dyskinesia in particular. It seems the cases of tardive dyskinesia with second generation antipsychotics are underreported.

  20. PALIPERIDONE INDUCED TARDIVE DYSKINESIA: CASE REPORTS

    OpenAIRE

    Niraj; Sanjay

    2014-01-01

    : Two cases of TD following treatment with Paliperidone are reported. Both patients were administered Paliperidone, for a very short period, following which they developed Tardive Dyskinesia. CONCLUSION: Second generation antipsychotics are traditionally believed to cause lesser tardive dyskinesia in particular. It seems the cases of tardive dyskinesia with second generation antipsychotics are underreported.

  1. Double Eye Brow: A Rare Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kar, Sudipta; Ghosh, Chiranjit; Bazmi, Badruddin Ahamed; Sarkar, Subrata

    2013-01-01

    Eye brows are essential for esthetic and functional purposes. Various kinds of eye brows are found in human species. Protective function is one of the important functions of eye brows. Double eye brow is a very rare condition found in human. This case report describes one of the rare cases of double eye brow.

  2. Pierre Robin syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Gupta

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pierre Robin syndrome is characterized by micrognathia, glossoptosis and palatal malformation. We report a case of a 6 day neonate who presented with complaints of feeding and respiratory difficulty and was later diagnosed as case of Pierre Robin syndrome. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(11.000: 3432-3434

  3. Acquired secondary Grynfeltt's hernia: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lumbar hernia is a rare condition whose diagnosis is hardly achieved. The prevalence is higher in elderly men. The present case report describes the case of a male, 78-year-old patient who underwent pleural effusion drainage 17 years before presenting with clinical manifestations and tomographic findings compatible with acquired secondary Grynfeltt's hernia. (author)

  4. [Malignant hyperthermia syndrome: case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taffarel, Pedro; Koffman, Fernando; Zifferman, Andrea; Degiuseppe, Sebastián; Mansilla, Alejandro; Darduin, Marcelo; Acerenza, Marcelo

    2015-04-01

    Malignant hyperthermia syndrome is a family myopathy of pharmacogenetic nature, which appears as a skeletal muscle hypercatabolic syndrome linked to anesthesia. The incidence in pediatrics is 1 event per 10 000 surgeries. The clinical picture may have a rapid onset associated with succinylcholine, or a late onset related to inhalation agents. The clinical picture includes tachycardia, hyperthermia, hypercapnia, acidosis, muscle rigidity, hyperkalemia, renal failure and arrhythmia. Mortality without specific treatment is of 80% and drops to 7% with the use of dantrolene sodium. We report an 8-year-old patient admitted for phimosis surgery; having tachycardia, hypercapnia and muscle rigidity, he started treatment with dantrolene sodium in the operating room, which was maintained for 72 hours. He evolved the first 12 hours with low cardiac output and creatine phosphokinase maximum of 155,147 U/L. He remained with mechanical ventilation for 48 hours. Discharge was given on the sixth day without sequelae. PMID:25727836

  5. Acrodermatitis Enteropathica: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, Nicolai; Ciontu, Lavinia; Frasinariu, Otilia-Elena; Lupu, Vasile Valeriu; Ignat, Ancuta; Streanga, Violeta

    2016-05-01

    Acrodermatitis enteropathica is a rare genetic autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by periorificial dermatitis, alopecia, and diarrhea. It is caused by mutations in the gene that encodes a membrane protein that binds zinc. We report a 14-month-old boy, admitted for erythematous, scaly and pustular lesions, initially located in the inguinal and perianal regions and on thighs, and very few erythematous lesions on the face. Due to the numerous bacterial skin superinfections with Staphylococcus aureus, including abscesses that required surgical incision, the clinical picture was modified, leading to a delayed establishment of the diagnosis. Later, the symptoms became suggestive for this disease, the diagnostic having been confirmed by low plasma zinc values. Under zinc therapy, skin lesions improved significantly in a few days, with favorable outcome. Two months later, the skin lesions almost disappeared.Abscesses due to bacterial skin superinfections may lead to initially misdiagnosed acrodermatitis enteropathica. PMID:27196457

  6. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miladinović-Đukanović Nataša

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia is a particular form of inflammatory and fibroproliferative lung disease. The disease onset is subacute with cough, dyspnoea, fever, weight loss, and elevation of biological inflammatory markers. Chest imaging usually shows multifocal alveolar opacities predominating in the subpleural regions. Lung biopsy reveals budding connective tissue filling the distal airspaces. Case outline. A 57-year-old electrician complaining of cough, dyspnoea, and fatigue was diagnosed with pneumonia and treated with antibiotics and antihistaminics. After clinical and radiographic progression of the disease, open lung biopsy was performed, some 15 months after the disease onset. The diagnosis of cryptogenic organising pneumonia was made. The patient was treated with oral and inhalatory corticosteroids and finally with cytostatics, which led to a partial improvement of his condition. However, work capacity was lost and the quality of life seriously deteriorated. Conclusion. The diagnosis is established by combining clinical, radiological and histological criteria. Similarities with other disease processes can lead to a delayed or erroneous diagnosis. Most patients respond well to corticosteroid therapy (prednisone or methyl-prednisolone. Relapses are frequent but can generally be controlled.

  7. Cernunnos deficiency: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turul, T; Tezcan, I; Sanal, O

    2011-01-01

    B cell-negative severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is caused by molecules involved in the variable (diversity) joining (V[D]J) recombination process. Four genes involved in the nonhomologous end joining pathway--Artemis, DNA-PKcs, DNA ligase 4, and Cernunnos--are involved in B cell-negative radiosensitive SCID. Deficiencies in DNA ligase 4 and the recently described Cernunnos gene result in microcephaly, growth retardation, and typical bird-like facies. Lymphopenia and hypogammaglobulinemia with normal or elevated immunoglobulin (Ig) M levels indicate a defect in V(D)J recombination. We present a case with recurrent postnatal pulmonary infections leading to chronic lung disease, disseminated molluscum contagiosum, lymphopenia, low IgG, IgA and normal IgM levels. Our patient had phenotypic features such as microcephaly and severe growth retardation. Clinical presentation in patients with the B cell-negative subtype ranges from SCID to atypical combined immunodeficiency, occasionally associated with autoimmune manifestations and cytomegalovirus infection. Our patient survived beyond infancy with combined immunodeficiency and no autoimmune manifestations. PMID:21721379

  8. [Aerodontalgia. Report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleury, J E; Deboets, D; Voisin, D; Assaad, C; Maffre, N; Viou, F; Bellaiche, G

    1988-01-01

    Dental pains provoked by an altitude beyond 5.000 ft can occur with any kind of tooth, healthy or restored. It is considered as a consequence of a brutal pressure change. The incidence has not been decreasing in spite of flight conditions improvement. These kind of dental pain cause a problem for those who fly: civilian and military pilots as well as airlines passengers. The conditions in which this might happened are variable. There may be a definite correlation between the character of the symptoms of aerodontalgia and the underlying pulpal pathology. The proposed etiology concerning pathological teeth is an oedema and hyperthermia of the pulp which can lead to necrosis. In an indirect type dental pain is secondary to stimulation of the superior alveolar nerves by a maxillary barosinusitis, or anatomic malformation. The most frequent is a pain during ascent (decompression), and the most concerned teeth are upper molars. The preventive treatment is very important. Both complete clinical and radiological examinations must be achieved. Regular dental examination are-essential for the crew. Aerodontalgia can be largely prevented by high quality root and dental cares. The case of a 26 years old man who use to suffer for a long time of dental pain during flights is in accordance with the dominant clinical symptoms of this affection. PMID:3163162

  9. Primary Sjogren Syndrome: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eylem Yaman Pinarci

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The importance of systemic evaluation of dry eye patients and choosing appropriate treatment based on the severity of disease were emphasized with this case. 48 years old woman complained about decreased vision, burning, itching in both eyes which got worse over the years, for about 20 years. Schirmer I test value was 0 mm/5min in both eyes. Slit lamp examination revealed filamentary keratitis in both eyes. Anti-Ro/ SSA, anti-La/ SS-B antibodies and salivary gland biopsy for Sjogren syndrome were positive. Temporary punctal occlusion and oral hydroxychloroquine were added to her treatment. After 10 days, her overall dry eye condition improved and permanent punctual plugs were inserted in both lower puctums.Dry eye patients should be evaluated systemically and severity of disease should be considered before treatment is started. Addition to topical application of artificial tears, punctal occlusion may be a proper option in dry eye patients with Sjogren syndrome. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 818-822

  10. Pseudomyxoma peritonei - a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laila, T R; Das, S; Ahmed, S S; Hoque, M R

    2012-10-01

    Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is rare in our clinical practice. The patient was a lady of 45 years admitted at the department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology in Sir Salimullah Medical College & Mitford Hospital (SSMC & MH) Dhaka with the complaints of swelling of the abdomen for 3 months associated with pain in the same region and weight loss. On examination a large swelling was palpated occupying the umbilical, hypogastric, both iliac, and part of both lumber regions. It was cystic, mildly tender, and immobile with ill defined margins. Computer tomography (CT) showed a cystic mass in the pelvic cavity extending upto the mid abdomen. Huge ascites was also noted. CT guided FNAC showed benign mucinous cystadenoma. Laparotomy was done which showed that the peritoneal cavity was filled up with mucinous material and there was a tumor in the right ovary which was free from adhesion. Left ovary and uterus were atrophic. Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingoophorectomy was done. Abdomen was cleared from the mucinous material as far as possible. Her postoperative recovery was uneventful. Histopathology report showed borderline mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary. She was referred to the oncology department. No chemotherapy was given but kept under follow-up. PMID:23134932

  11. Hemicrania continua. The first Spanish case: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pareja, J A; Palomo, T; Gorriti, M A; Pareja, J; Espejo, J; Morón, B; Trigo, M

    1990-06-01

    The case of a patient suffering from strictly unilateral continuous headache, absolutely responsive to indomethacin is reported. This is the first Hemicrania continua case to be documented in Spain. The tyramine test resulted in anisocoria with the smaller pupil on the symptomatic side. A second tyramine test after one week on 75 mg indomethacin per day failed to produce anisocoria. Treatment was reduced to 25 mg indomethacin per day, and this dose was sufficient to control the headache completely. PMID:2245459

  12. Multiple mediastinal hydatic cyst: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Afshin; Khodabakhsh, Maryam

    2011-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection that is remains endemic in many countries, particularly the Middle East and Central Asia. Mediastinal hydatidosis is very rare (less than 0.1% of all hydatid disease cases) that have been only anecdotally in the literature. To the best of our knowledge only one case of multiple mediastineal hydatid cysts has been reported previously. We report the second cases of multiple mediastineal hydatid cysts and recommend that it can be considered in the differential diagnosis of multiple cystic mediastineal masses in endemic countries. PMID:21554233

  13. Case for mandatory reporting of 'body packers'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Biswadev; Smit, De Villiers; O'Shea, William P

    2012-12-01

    Body packing is the term used to describe the ingestion of illicit substances for transport across control lines. Where the diagnosis of body packing is made independently in the ED, the issue of reporting the case to law enforcement officials poses a difficult scenario given the legal obligations of patient confidentiality. We describe a case of a body packer brought into the ED and subsequently reported to the police. The conflicts between patient confidentiality versus statutory exceptions to confidentiality along with case law regarding this scenario are discussed. PMID:23216730

  14. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome; a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Bagheri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a case of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Case Report: A seven-year-old boy presented with marked generalized hypopigmentation, ocular exodeviation and nystagmus. He had history of easy bruising. Examination revealed green irides with marked transillumination, hypopigmented fundi and foveal hypoplasia. Further investigations disclosed platelet storage defect with adenosine diphosphate deficiency and abnormal aggregation compatible with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. The patient underwent strabismus surgery taking necessary precautions such as reserving platelet concentrates in case of a hemorrhagic event. Conclusion: Patients with albinism should be evaluated for Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome especially before surgery to prevent life-threatening complications.

  15. Olanzapine-induced hyperventilation: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Sattar, S. Pirzada; Gastfriend, David R.

    2002-01-01

    Although olanzapine therapy has been associated with fewer extrapyramidal side effects than the traditional antipsychotic medications, reported side effects include dystonia, tardive dyskinesia, hypotension, diabetes mellitus, seizures and neuroleptic malignant syndrome. There are no previous published reports of hyperventilation associated with olanzapine therapy, but we present the case of a male patient who developed dyspnea and hyperventilation while taking olanzapine.

  16. Neonatal Marfan Syndrome: Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdan Ghandi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Neonatal Marfan syndrome is a rare and severe phenotype of this disease. A poor prognosis is anticipated due to the high probability of congestive heart failure, and mitral and tricuspid regurgitations with suboptimal response to medical therapy and difficulties in surgical management at an early age.Case Presentation: We presented two consecutive patients with this disease who are the first reported cases from Iran to the best of our knowledge. Unfortunately both of them died shortly after the diagnosis.Conclusion: Neonatal Marfan syndrome was reported from Iran and has a poor prognosis like the patient reported from elsewhere

  17. Odontogenic myxoma: report of 2 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Joo Yeon; Park, Geum Mee; Cho, Bong Hae; Nah, Kyung Soo [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-15

    The odontogenic myxoma is an infiltrative benign tumor of bone that occurs almost exclusively in the jaw bones and comprises 3% to 6% of odontogenic tumors. This neoplasm is thought to arise from the primitive mesenchymal structures of a developing tooth, including the dental follicle, dental papilla, or periodontal ligament. Radiographically the odontogenic myxoma may produce several patterns: unicystic, multilocular, pericoronal, and radiolucent-radiopaque, making the differential diagnosis difficult. In this report, two cases of the odontogenic myxoma in the jaw bones are presented. The first case involved only the mandible, while the second case involved the maxilla. Both cases presented extensive multilocular radiolucencies characteristic of odontogenic myxoma.

  18. Adrenocortical carcinoma: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Aparna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC is a rare neoplasm with a slight predilection for female patients. We report two cases of ACC. The first case was of a 7-year-old girl who presented with clitoromegaly. The second case was of a 22-Year-old female who presented with a lump in the abdomen and features of Cushing′s syndrome with virilization.The clinical, biochemical, histological features along with differential diagnosis are discussed. These cases are presented because of their rarity, and also to highlight the importance of differentiating ACC from an adenoma particularly in pediatric patients.

  19. Leiomyosarcoma in the pharynx. A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary leiomyosarcoma of the pharynx is extremely rare. A review of the literature revealed only 7 cases of pharyngeal leiomyosarcoma in Japan. We describe the case of a 72-year-old man with a leiomyosarcoma of the middle pharynx in this paper. Seven years ago, the patient had a malignant melanoma of the pharynx, and total extirpation of the tumor was performed with reconstruction of the pharynx using a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap, irradiation (20 Gy), and chemotherapy. In this case, leiomyosarcoma arising from the pharynx occurred in the irradiation field. Only 12 cases of radiation-induced leiomyosarcoma have been reported in the Japanese and foreign literature. (author)

  20. Oral benign fibrous histiocytoma: two case reports

    OpenAIRE

    Menditti, Dardo; Laino, Luigi; Mezzogiorno, Antonio; Sava, Sara; Bianchi, Alexander; Caruso, Giovanni; Di Maio, Luigi; Baldi, Alfonso

    2009-01-01

    Fibrous histiocytoma is a benign soft tissue tumour arising as a fibrous mass everywhere in the human body. The involvement of the oral cavity is rare. We report two cases of benign fibrous histiocytoma that localized in the oral cavity. The clinical and histological features of the lesion are reported. Finally, a literature revision of this pathology at the level of the oral cavity is reported.

  1. 'Case reporting of rare adverse events in otolaryngology': can we defend the case report?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dias, Andrew

    2012-01-31

    The study of errors in medicine has proliferated since the publication of The Institute of Medicine Report \\'TO ERR IS HUMAN\\' in 2000. Case nuances and process of care issues are valuable areas to explore if the goal is to provide the health care worker with the knowledge to avoid future errors. Meta-analysis and randomized controlled trials provide a large data base of evidence towards improvement and opportunities, but it is suggested that case reports can still provide valuable clinical information. The aim is to use the published literature to produce a series of rare harm case reports in E.N.T. The methods include systematic literature review. Journals searched in PUBMED were 60. Rare harm case obtained from the search were 5,322. Rare harm case reports not reported in any other form of evidence-based medicine were 40. Yes, the case report can be defended as it is an important pillar of evidence-based medicine.

  2. A complicated case of pachydermoperiostosis with spondyloarthritides: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Qing; Shen, Min; Yang, Bo; Yu, Keyi

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Pachydermoperiostosis is a rare, hereditary disease commonly presenting with digital clubbing, pachydermia and periosteal hypertrophy. Therapeutic options for pachydermoperiostosis are few because of the unknown pathogenesis. Here, we report the complicated case of a patient with pachydermoperiostosis combined with spondyloarthritides, who was refractory to steroids and tumor necrosis factor alpha antagonists. We treated this patient with zoledronic acid and performed an arthrosc...

  3. [Marchiafava-Bignami disease (Case-report)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinter, Gyorgy; Borbely, Krisztina; Peter, Laszlo

    2016-06-01

    Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is caused by damage of the corpus callosum. There are acute, subacute and chronic forms, it occurs most frequently among alcoholic patients. A variety of neurological symptoms, epileptic seizures, and coma may be associated with the disease, but the chronic form may start with acute confusion and dementia, interhemispherial disconnection syndrome or with slow progressive changes in behavior. In 2001, only 250 cases were reported, of which 200 died, 30 cases contributed to severe dementia or bed rest, and favorable outcome occured in only 20 cases. The MBD diagnosis of our patient was based on the anamnesis and cranial MRI and the treatment consisted of administration of B vitamin complex, folic acid, memantine, piracetam and haloperidol. Reviewing the international literature currently recommended therapeutic options are thiamin and folic acid. According to some authors the immediate administration of thiamine affects the outcome of the disease, and there are case reports of beneficial effects of amantadine and steroids. PMID:27390208

  4. Dieulafoy's lesion of duodenum: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagholikar Gajanan D

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Extragastric location of Dieulafoy's lesion is rare. We report two cases of Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum and discuss the management of this extremely uncommon entity. Case presentation Two cases of massive upper gastro-intestinal bleeding in young adults due to Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum are reported. Endoscopic diagnosis was possible in both cases. Hemostasis was achieved successfully by endoscopic adrenaline injection. The endoscopic appearance, pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of this rare lesion are discussed. Conclusions Endoscopic diagnosis of extragastric Dieulafoy's lesion can be difficult because of the small size and obscure location of the lesion. Increased awareness and careful and early endoscopic evaluation following the bleeding episode are the key to accurate diagnosis. Adrenaline injection is one of the important endoscopic modalities for control of bleeding.

  5. Williams syndrome and psychosis: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Mental comorbidities, such as phobia, obsessive compulsive symptoms and anxiety disorders, are common in Williams syndrome. However, psychotic symptoms are rare in these patients. We report a case of psychosis in a patient with Williams syndrome. Case presentation A 23-year-old Caucasian woman with Williams syndrome arrived at the emergency room with persecutory delusions, auditory and verbal hallucinations, soliloquies and psychomotor agitation. These symptoms were consistently present for 2 months. No evidence of other medical illnesses or psychoactive substances was found. There was no evidence of prior psychiatric symptoms or family history of psychiatric or neurological disorders. She was treated with antipsychotics and her symptoms were resolved. Conclusion We describe a rare case of a patient with Williams syndrome who experienced a nonorganic psychotic episode. Literature on this topic is scarce and, therefore, this case report intends to add further data about this comorbidity. PMID:24520861

  6. Tubercular mycotic aortic aneurysm: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satish Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tubercular aneurysms of larger vessels, particularly the aorta is very rare. The first case of tubercular involvement of the aorta in the form of aortitis was reported in 1882 by Weigert and the first case of tubercular mycotic aneurysm of the aorta was reported in 1895. The preoperative diagnosis of tubercular aortic aneurysm is difficult. Even at surgery, determining the tubercular nature of the lesion is problematic. The gross appearance may not be distinctive, and acid-fast stains are unlikely to be performed. We report the case of a young female patient who was started on antitubercular treatment for pleural effusion and was found to have aortic aneurysm, which later on proved to be tubercular in origin.

  7. Premature dental eruption: report of case.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNamara, C M

    2011-08-05

    This case report reviews the variability of dental eruption and the possible sequelae. Dental eruption of the permanent teeth in cleft palate children may be variable, with delayed eruption the most common phenomenon. A case of premature dental eruption of a maxillary left first premolar is demonstrated, however, in a five-year-old male. This localized premature dental eruption anomaly was attributed to early extraction of the primary dentition, due to caries.

  8. Schwannoma of Parapharyngeal Space: a Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Katre, M. I.; Telang, R. A.

    2013-01-01

    The incidence of schwannoma in the head and neck region is between 25 and 45 %. The vestibular nerve is involved in most cases followed by the parapharyngeal space. Schwannoma, also known as neurilemmoma, is a benign neoplasm that originates from the Schwann cells. These cells form the myelin sheath around myelinated peripheral axons. Here, we report a case of parapharyngeal space schwannoma in a 27-year-old female.

  9. Lepromatous Leprosy of Prepuce- A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kalpana R Sulhyan; Nayan A. Ramteerthkar; Alka V Gosavi; Sachin A. Badge

    2013-01-01

    Leprosy is commonly seen over cooler parts of the body and very rarely found over external genitalia because of their warm temperature.We report a case of lepromatous leprosy of prepuce in a 79 years old male who presented with phimosis. Local examination revealed anodule over prepuce and the clinical diagnosis was carcinoma of penis. This case highlights that leprosy should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of penile lesions.

  10. Seaweed dermatitis:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Beuy Joob; Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2014-01-01

    Seaweed dermatitis is an uncommon kind of dermatitis that might be seen in some clinical centers at coastal area. Here, the authors report a case of seaweed dermatitis. This is a male patient presented to the physician in charge complaining of skin lesion. On examination, the clusters of reddish-brown vesicles along high right leg can be seen. This case was diagnosed to have seaweed dermatitis and treated by steroid therapy.

  11. Giant osteoblastoma of temporal bone: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FIGUEIREDO EBERVAL GADELHA

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign osteoblastoma is an uncommon bone tumor accounting for approximately 1% of all bone tumors. There are only 35 cases of skull osteoblastoma reported in the literature. We describe the case of a 23 year old male with a giant osteoblastoma of temporal bone submitted to a total removal of the tumor after an effective embolization of all external carotid branches. The authors discuss diagnostic and management aspects of this uncommon skull tumor.

  12. Sirenomelia: a case report with literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Latika Sahu; Sunita Singh; Gauri Gandhi; Krishna Agarwal

    2013-01-01

    We are presenting a case of Sirenomelia (Mermaid Syndrome), which is an extreme example of the caudal regression syndrome. It invariably presents with lower limb fusion, sacral and pelvic bony anomalies, absent external genitalia, imperforate anus, and renal agenesis or dysgenesis. There are approximately 300 cases reported in the literature, 15% of which are associated with twinning, most often monozygotic. The syndrome of caudal regression is thought to be the result of injury to the caudal...

  13. Intralenticular metallic foreign body: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy, S C

    2011-01-01

    A case of retained intralenticular iron piece with signs of mild anterior uveitis at the time of presentation is reported in a 45 year-old man. His vision improved with topical cycloplegics and corticosteroids. After six months, his vision deteriorated grossly due to cataract formation. He regained good vision following removal of foreign body, extracapsular extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. This case highlights the conservative management of the condition till ...

  14. Tuberculosis of the Spermatic Cord: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amine Benjelloun

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The spermatic cord tuberculoma is uncommon, especially in its lower portion. Most cases were described in Japanese literature. We report a case of tuberculosis of the spermatic cord in a sexually active young man, revealed by a scrotal mass mimicking a tumor of the testicle and discuss the suitable diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, with preservation of the testes and the other sexual organs.

  15. Adrenal Wilms tumor: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extra renal Wilms tumor is extremely rare. There have been only 50 cases described up to now. Its pathologenesis is contraversial and believed to arise from metanephrin remains or ectopic mesonephric structures. We reported a case of left adrenal gland Wilms tumor in a month-old girl. Ultrasound scan and TC radiological findings are described, the differential diagnosis being made with pediatric suprarenal tissue. The definitive diagnosis is always histological. (Author) 8 refs

  16. Lepromatous Leprosy of Prepuce- A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpana R. Sulhyan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Leprosy is commonly seen over cooler parts of the body and very rarely found over external genitalia because of their warm temperature.We report a case of lepromatous leprosy of prepuce in a 79 years old male who presented with phimosis. Local examination revealed anodule over prepuce and the clinical diagnosis was carcinoma of penis. This case highlights that leprosy should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of penile lesions.

  17. Hepatobiliary neuroendocrine carcinoma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Loxha Sadushe; Sahatciu-Meka Vjollca; Maloku Halit; Petrusevska Gordana; Manxhuka-Kerliu Suzana; Loxha Naim; Shahini Labinot

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gallbladder is a rather uncommon disease. We report a case of a neuroendocrine tumor that was located in the wall of the gallbladder and that extended into the liver. Case presentation A 52-year-old Caucasian woman presented with right-sided abdominal pain, ascites and jaundice. An MRI scan revealed a tumor mass located in the gallbladder wall and involving the liver. A partial hepatectomy and cholecystectomy were performed. Histology reve...

  18. Case report of a medication error

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naunton, Mark; Nor, Kowsar; Bartholomaeus, Andrew; Thomas, Jackson; Kosari, Sam

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: The World Health Organisation recognizes confusing drug names as one of the most common causes of medication errors. Other factors include spelling, phonetic, or packaging similarities. Case presentation: We presented a case report of an inadvertent administration of a non-ocular pharmaceutical product (Novasone® lotion) into the eye of an octogenarian individual, and briefly reviewed the relevant literature. Discussion: We discussed prevention strategies to avoid similar ophthalmic medication errors. PMID:27428216

  19. Peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Cerdán-Santacruz; María Rosario Caparrós-Sanz; Margarita Lancharro-Bermúdez; Juan Luis Mendoza-Hernández; Javier Cerdán-Miguel

    2014-01-01

    Pyoderma gangrenosum is one of the most severe complications that can occur following stoma placement. Despite few cases reported in the literature, it is considered an underdiagnosed entity. We present a case of peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum (PPG) in a patient who underwent a pancoloproctectomy and permanent ileostomy due to ulcerative colitis (UC). Treatment was based on local cures, proper fitting of ostomy devices, topical tacrolimus and systemic corticosteroids, adalimumab and anti...

  20. Pyoderma gangrenosum in burned patient: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Obradović-Tomašev Milana; Jovanović Mladen; Popović Aleksandra

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare, chronic, destructive, ulcerating skin disease of uncertain etiology. It develops most frequently in patients between 25-45 years of age and affects both sexes equally. Case report. We present a case of pyoderma gangrenosum in a young female patient who sustained a burn injury of 40% total body surface area. She underwent four operations. She developed a wound infection and urinary infection during her hospital s...

  1. Interparietal (Inca) bone: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Udupi S; Srinivasan JK

    2011-01-01

    The squamous part of occipital bone consists of two parts, supraoccipital and interparietal. The interparietal portion ossifies intramembranously and in rare cases may be separated from the supraoccipital part by a suture. It is then called as the interparietal or Inca bone. The occurrence of Inca variable is rare in humans. The authors here report a case of true interparietal or Inca bone in adult human skull. Knowledge of Inca ossicles in human skulls may be useful to neurosurgeons orthoped...

  2. Peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cerdán-Santacruz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Pyoderma gangrenosum is one of the most severe complications that can occur following stoma placement. Despite few cases reported in the literature, it is considered an underdiagnosed entity. We present a case of peri-ileostomy pyoderma gangrenosum (PPG in a patient who underwent a pancoloproctectomy and permanent ileostomy due to ulcerative colitis (UC. Treatment was based on local cures, proper fitting of ostomy devices, topical tacrolimus and systemic corticosteroids, adalimumab and antibiotics. Satisfactory resolution was achieved in eight weeks.

  3. Angiolipoma of index finger: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzaffer Durmus

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Angiolipomas are usually found in the upper extremities, shoulder and back. They are seldom found in the hands, face and lower extremities. They usually occur as painful soft tissue masses or they may compress the neighboring structures (e.g. nerves depending on the size and location. In this report we present an angiolipoma case located in the finger and discuss related recent cases described in the literature. [Hand Microsurg 2016; 5(1.000: 22-25

  4. Angiolipoma of index finger: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Muzaffer Durmus; Nuri Yigit; Abdul Kerim Yapici

    2016-01-01

    Angiolipomas are usually found in the upper extremities, shoulder and back. They are seldom found in the hands, face and lower extremities. They usually occur as painful soft tissue masses or they may compress the neighboring structures (e.g. nerves) depending on the size and location. In this report we present an angiolipoma case located in the finger and discuss related recent cases described in the literature. [Hand Microsurg 2016; 5(1.000): 22-25

  5. Primary hepatic carcinosarcoma:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王细文; 梁平; 李洪艳

    2004-01-01

    @@ Primary hepatic carcinosarcoma is defined as a malignant hepatic tumour containing both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements. Strictly, it should be distinguished from collision tumour and carcinoma with foci of spindle-shaped epithelial cells. Primary hepatic carcinosarcoma is rare, and less than 11 adequately documented cases have been reported. In this article, a case of primary hepatic carcinosarcoma was discussed as to its potential histogenesis.

  6. Mandibular metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    You, Tae Min; Kim, Kee-Deog; Jeong, Ho-Gul; Park, Wonse

    2015-01-01

    Tumors metastasizing from distant regions to the oral and maxillofacial region are uncommon, comprising only 1%-2% of all malignancies. Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignancy that arises from cholangiocytes, which are epithelial cells that line the bile ducts. These cancers are difficult to diagnose and have a poor prognosis. In this paper, we report a rare case of mandibular metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma diagnosed at the primary site and discuss the radiographic findings observed in this case.

  7. Pazopanib and pancreatic toxicity: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Russano, Marco; Vincenzi, Bruno; Venditti, Olga; D’Onofrio, Loretta; Ratta, Raffaele; Guida, Francesco M.; Tonini, Giuseppe; Santini, Daniele

    2015-01-01

    Background Pazopanib is an oral multitargeted tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, used as a single agent to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma. Treatment with other tyrosine-kinase inhibitors is known to be associated with asymptomatic elevations of serum amylase and lipase levels. As regards the pazopanib, data are lacking in literature. Case presentation We report one case of pancreatic toxicity associated with pazopanib administration. Before starting treatment, patient had no risk factors for pan...

  8. Dysmorphism of the middle ear: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Solero, P; Ferrara, M; Musto, R.; Pira, A; Di Lisi, D

    2005-01-01

    Although there are numerous publications in the literature describing the wide range of diagnosis, classifications and treatment of malformations of the hearing apparatus, even more variations can be found in clinical practice. Indeed, each individual case is unique as far as concerns pathogenesis, clinical course and treatment. The case reported herein describes a 12-year-old boy affected by cranio-facial dysmorphism and monolateral conductive hearing loss in the right ear: followed from rad...

  9. Williams syndrome and psychosis: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Salgado, Henrique; Martins-Correia, Luís

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Mental comorbidities, such as phobia, obsessive compulsive symptoms and anxiety disorders, are common in Williams syndrome. However, psychotic symptoms are rare in these patients. We report a case of psychosis in a patient with Williams syndrome. Case presentation A 23-year-old Caucasian woman with Williams syndrome arrived at the emergency room with persecutory delusions, auditory and verbal hallucinations, soliloquies and psychomotor agitation. These symptoms were consistently ...

  10. Xanthogranulomatous Salpingooophoritis: The Youngest Documented Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanwar, Harshawardhan; Joshi, Avinash; Wagaskar, Vinayak; Kini, Siddharth; Bachhav, Manoj

    2015-01-01

    Background. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon affection of the female genital tract. The youngest case reported of xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis in literature was by Shilpa et al. in 2013 in an eighteen-year-old female. Case Report. We report a case of 2-year-old female child with right-sided xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis presented as mass in abdomen. This is a case report of the youngest documented case of xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis in literature. As per abdominal examination, there was generalized distention of abdomen and a mass was palpable which was arising out of pelvis more on the right side. The ultrasonography (USG) abdomen and pelvis revealed a thick-walled mass measuring 9.2 cm × 6.0 cm × 7.6 cm in pelvis. We did right salpingooophorectomy of the patient. On histopathology, the diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis was confirmed. Conclusion. Clinical presentation, radiological appearance, and gross features of xanthogranulomatous lesions of ovary can mimic neoplastic lesions and lead to misdiagnosis. Though, it is very rare in pediatric age group, xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis as one of the differential diagnoses should be kept in mind while dealing with tuboovarian masses in this age group. PMID:26114000

  11. Xanthogranulomatous Salpingooophoritis: The Youngest Documented Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harshawardhan Tanwar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon affection of the female genital tract. The youngest case reported of xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis in literature was by Shilpa et al. in 2013 in an eighteen-year-old female. Case Report. We report a case of 2-year-old female child with right-sided xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis presented as mass in abdomen. This is a case report of the youngest documented case of xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis in literature. As per abdominal examination, there was generalized distention of abdomen and a mass was palpable which was arising out of pelvis more on the right side. The ultrasonography (USG abdomen and pelvis revealed a thick-walled mass measuring 9.2 cm × 6.0 cm × 7.6 cm in pelvis. We did right salpingooophorectomy of the patient. On histopathology, the diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis was confirmed. Conclusion. Clinical presentation, radiological appearance, and gross features of xanthogranulomatous lesions of ovary can mimic neoplastic lesions and lead to misdiagnosis. Though, it is very rare in pediatric age group, xanthogranulomatous salpingooophoritis as one of the differential diagnoses should be kept in mind while dealing with tuboovarian masses in this age group.

  12. Bullous Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Miziara, Ivan Dieb; Mahmoud, Ali; Chagury, Azis Arruda; Alves, Ricardo Dourado

    2013-01-01

    Summary Introduction: Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (BSLE) is an autoantibody-mediated disease with subepidermal blisters. It is a rare form of presentation of SLE that occurs in less than 5% of cases of lupus. Case Report: A 27-year-old, female, FRS patient reported the appearance of painful bullous lesions in the left nasal wing and left buccal mucosa that displayed sudden and rapid growth. She sought advice from emergency dermatology staff 15 days after onset and was hospitalized wi...

  13. Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Woo Young; Han, You Mie; Choi, Young Hee [Hallym University College of Medicine, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Parathyroid carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy and a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma is even rarer and only few cases have been reported previously. A 33-year-old woman presented with hypercalcemia. CT scan revealed a 5-cm sized intrathyroid nodule with a positive beak sign on the surface in contact with the thyroid gland. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy, and the histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma. We report a case of intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma with brief literature review.

  14. Dyskeratosis Congenita: A Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anila Karunakaran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral manifestations play an important role in the diagnosis of many systemic conditions. Dyskeratosis congenita (DC is a rare genodermatosis which exhibits oral leukoplakia, nail dystrophy, and reticular skin pigmentations as its primary features. DC has increased risk of developing constitutional anemias and malignancies and early diagnosis enables the patient to be monitored and proper interventional therapy to be instituted. Hence, dentists need to be aware of the various manifestations of this fatal syndrome. Only few cases have been reported on DC in the dental literature. Two cases of DC are reported here with a brief review of the literature.

  15. Erythroderma secondary to gliclazide: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozuguz, Pinar; Kacar, Seval Dogruk; Ozuguz, Ufuk; Karaca, Semsettin; Tokyol, Cigdem

    2014-12-01

    Erythroderma is generalized exfoliative dermatitis, which involves more than 90% of the patient's skin. The most common cause of erythroderma is exacerbation of an underlying skin disease, malignancies or drug reaction. There is a long list of drugs responsible for erythroderma such as antiepileptics, sulfonamides, antibiotics, and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. We herein report a case of erythroderma due to gliclazide usage which is also proved by histopathologic examination and patch test. We could not find any case report of gliclazide, an oral antidiabetic, as a cause erythroderma in the literature. PMID:24641117

  16. Dysphonia after Bevacizumab Rechallenge: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corey A. Carter

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF signaling, an initiator of tumor angiogenesis, inhibits tumor growth and invasion. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody to VEGF, in common use as an adjunct to standard chemotherapy like irinotecan in advanced colorectal cancer, also affects the normal (nontumor vasculature. Dysphonia or voice changes have been anecdotally reported in patients that have been exposed to antiangiogenics. In this case report, we present an occurrence of severe dysphonia in a 60-year-old male with metastatic colorectal cancer after reintroduction of irinotecan and bevacizumab. To our knowledge, this is the first case of dysphonia associated with bevacizumab rechallenge.

  17. Fronto-nasal Encephalocele. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Ferrer Montoya

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Encephalocele is a herniation of the brain tissue through a congenital or acquired defect of the skull. The congenital condition is caused by a neural-tube defect attributable to an interaction among several genes and environmental factors. Anterior encephalocele is a rare entity and its incidence varies depending on the geographic area. We report the case of a newborn with a tumour protruding through the fronto-nasal region with a central pedunculated polypoid formation, in addition to the presence of bilateral cleft lip and palate. Surgical treatment was decided after consulting the Neurosurgery Department. This case report is interesting due to the rarity of this entity.

  18. Neurology Case Reporting: a call for all

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rison Richard A

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract From antiquity to present day, the act of recording and publishing our observations with patients remains essential to the art of medicine and the care of patients. Neurology is rich with case reports over the centuries. They contribute to our understanding and knowledge of disease entities, and are a cornerstone of our professional development as physicians and the care of our patients. This editorial seeks to enthuse and invigorate house staff and practicing physicians everywhere to continue the long and time-honored tradition of neurology case reporting.

  19. Sarcoidosis and denim sandblasting: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    UZKESER, Hülya; KARATAY, Saliha; Yildirim, Kadir; Eren, Suat

    2013-01-01

    In this case report we present a rare case of sarcoidosis associated with denim sandblasting. A 33-year-old male patient was admitted to our clinic with pain in his shoulders, elbows, wrists, and hips, which had started 5 months earlier. His medical history showed that he had been working in denim sandblasting for the last 4 years. Sacroiliac compression and FABER tests were both positive. Laboratory analysis reported an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 43 mm/h and serum C-reactive protein o...

  20. Writing a case report in English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivančević-Otanjac Maja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A well-written case report is a clear, concise and informative paper, aimed at professionals from different fields of medicine, with the clear purpose to explain what lesson is to be learnt from the experience. The aim of this paper is to suggest useful guidelines for writing a good case report. It briefly reflects different “moves” in this piece of academic writing, thus outlining the required form, as well as the four principles of good writing: clarity, honesty, reality and relevance.

  1. Sirenomelia: a case report with literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latika Sahu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We are presenting a case of Sirenomelia (Mermaid Syndrome, which is an extreme example of the caudal regression syndrome. It invariably presents with lower limb fusion, sacral and pelvic bony anomalies, absent external genitalia, imperforate anus, and renal agenesis or dysgenesis. There are approximately 300 cases reported in the literature, 15% of which are associated with twinning, most often monozygotic. The syndrome of caudal regression is thought to be the result of injury to the caudal mesoderm early in gestation. The case encountered was a stillborn baby. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000: 430-432

  2. Acute suppurative neonatal parotitis: Case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Khan, Sardar U

    2012-02-01

    Neonatal suppurative parotitis is very rare. One review of the English-language literature spanning 35 years found only 32 cases. Most cases are managed conservatively with antibiotic therapy; early antibiotic treatment reduces the need for surgery. The predominant organism is Staphylococcus aureus. We report a new case of neonatal suppurative parotitis in a 3-week-old boy. The patient was diagnosed on the basis of parotid swelling, a purulent exudate from a Stensen duct, and the growth of pathogenic bacteria in culture. He responded well to 9 days of intravenous antibiotic therapy. We also discuss the microbiologic and clinical patterns of this disease.

  3. Splenic tuberculosis. Report of twelve cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuberculosis of the spleen is not exceptional. The authors report ten cases which occurred with a predominance in young male adults. All patients had at least one other site of tuberculosis without any HIV infection. All patients had focal splenic lesions in the form of scattered hypo-echogenic and hypodense nodules. These nodules had a pseudo-tumor appearance in one case. CT-guided puncture was performed in one case. Splenic tuberculosis is not as rare as is sometimes thought. The CT-guided splenic puncture is now performed routinely and remains the ideal diagnostic approach. (authors). 9 refs., 5 figs

  4. Congenital erythropoietic porphyria: Two case reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankha Koley

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Porphyrias form a group of disorders caused due to defects in the haem synthetic pathway. Congenital erythropoietic porphyia (CEP is the rarest of the bullous porphyrias (less than 200 cases have been reported till recent times and a clinician may not see a case during his professional life. We present two cases of CEP. One child with CEP presented with typical infancy-onset blistering, photosensitivity, red urine, and erythrodontia, with hypertrichosis of the upper arms and back. The other child of CEP presented with childhood-onset blistering, mutilation, and hypertrichosis on the face.

  5. Indication for dental computed tomography. Case reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on case reports, common indications for dental computed tomography are demonstrated and typical findings are analysed. From a group of 110 patients who had a reformatted computed tomography of the maxilla and mandibula, 10 typical cases were chosen as examples and are presented with a detailed description of the findings. The most important indication was the analysis of the morphology of the alveolar ridge needed in presurgical planning for osseointegrated implants as well as in special cases of postsurgical control. Apart from implantology, the method could be used in cases of mandibular cysts and bony destructions. In conclusion, dental computed tomography has become established mainly in implantology. It can provide valuable results in cases where a demonstration of the bone in all dimensions and free of overlappings and distortions is needed. (orig.)

  6. Mandibular malignant triton tumor: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Jahnshah Salehinejad; Tooraj Vaezi; reza Zare; Shadi Saghafi; Amin Rahpeima; saeideh Khage Ahmadi

    2009-01-01

    Introduction:Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are very rare. Malignant triton tumor is an aggressive variety of MPNSTs with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. In this study we reported the clinical, radiographic, histopathologic and immunohistochemical features of an intramandibular malignant triton tumor. Case Report: The patient was a 31 year-old male who was referred to maxillofacial surgery ward of Mashhad dental school with a painful swelling in the anterior part of mandi...

  7. Arcanobacterium haemolyticum associated with pyothorax: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babu Venkateshwara

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Arcanobacterium haemolyticum has an established role in the etiology of human pharyngitis. There are increasing reports of systemic infections caused by this organism. From India, we report the first case of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum causing pyothorax in an immunocompetent adolescent male patient. The probable mode of infection is also discussed. The role of A. hemolyticum as an animal pathogen needs further study.

  8. Neonatal Ovarian Cyst: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Fateme Haji Ebrahim Tehrani; Zohreh Kavehmanesh; Mahbod Kaveh; Fateme Davari Tanha

    2007-01-01

    Background: Ovarian cysts are the most frequent, prenatally diagnosed intra-abdominal cysts. Prenatal ultrasonography allows diagnosis of ovarian cysts and may suggest antenatal complications. The management of fetal ovarian cysts is still controversial despite the improvement in prenatal diagnosis with ultrasonography. Some studies suggest an aggressive management, while others plead for a conservative one.Case report:  We report on the first successfully treated large neonatal ovarian cyst ...

  9. Tay Sachs disease: an autopsy case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadhav, Meenal Vitthal; Landge, Meenal P; Sawaimoon, Satyakam K; Harke, Arun B; Deshmukh, Sanjay D

    2005-10-01

    This report describes a case report of a postmortem performed on a 5-year old patient of Tay-Sachs disease, presenting with failure to thrive, muscular flaccidity, and cherry-red spots on macula on fundoscopy. There was no history of similarly affected sibling or any other family member. The diagnosis was confirmed by enzyme studies. At postmortem, there was no organomegaly. The brain, on microscopy, showed vacuolated swollen neurons. PMID:16366100

  10. Neurofibroma of the diaphragm: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report a case of diaphragmatic neurofibroma and emphasize the rarity of the entity. No previous report were found in recent literature. The experience here described shows the difficulty to establish the diagnosis of lesions situated in the thoracic-abdominal segment, especially in the diaphragm. Besides the utilization of several imaging methods and needle biopsy, the correct diagnosis was only accomplished by surgery and histopathological studies of the specimen. (author)

  11. Oxcarbazepine Induced Maculopapular Rash - A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Biswas, Arunava; Mitra, Ritabrata; Sen, Sukanta; Pal, Agnik; Tripathi, Santanu Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Unlike carbamazepine, newer anti epileptic drug like oxcarbazepine, reports fewer side effects. In this report we describe a case of oxcarbazepine induced maculopapular rash probably happened because of a drug interaction with isoniazid, and a brief review of the existing literature is presented herewith. A 40-year-old male patient received oxcarbazepine 300mg twice daily along with other anti-tubercular drugs including isoniazid (300mg) once daily since two days. Extensive cutaneous rash wit...

  12. Genital Hailey- Hailey disease: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Deeptara Pathak Thapa; Anil Kumar Jha; Sujata Pudasaini; Chandani Kharel; Shristi Shrestha

    2013-01-01

    Hailey – Hailey disease is a rare autosomal dominant acantholytic disorder, previously not reported from Nepal. We report a case of 30 years old female who presented with pruritic hyperkeratotic papules and plaques on vulva, perianal area and inner left thigh for a period of one year. Biopsy from the lesion showed suprabasal acantholysis with loss of intercellular bridges resulting in a dilapidated brick-wall appearance; characteristic of Hailey – Hailey disease. Treatment of this disease til...

  13. Williams–Campbell syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Konoglou, Maria; Porpodis, Konstantinos; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Loridas, Nikolaos; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Mitrakas, Alexandros; Zervas, Vasilis; Kontakiotis, Theodoros; Papakosta, Despoina; Boglou, Panagiotis; Bakali, Stamatia; Courcoutsakis, Nikolaos; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Williams–Campbell syndrome, also known as bronchomalacia, is a rare disorder characterized by a deficiency of cartilage in subsegmental bronchi, leading to distal airway collapse and bronchiectasis. There have been few reports about patients affected by saccular bronchiectasis, paracicatricial emphysema, and diminished cartilage. These are all characteristic of Williams–Campbell syndrome. Case presentation This report presents a 57-year-old woman with progressive dyspnea, cough, ...

  14. A case report: An urogenitale myiasis case from Samsun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin Özdemir

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Myiasis is the infestation of live human and vertebrate animals with larvae (maggots of flies from the order Diptera, which, at least for a certain period, feed on the host's dead or living tissue, liquid body-substance or ingested food. We report the case of a 60-year old female patient with urogenital myiasis, caused by the larva of a fly belonging to the genus Psychoda, in Samsun. The patient complained from abdominal pain, diarrhea and disuria, while in her urine samples a larva was detected. In this report, we discuss the biology and clinical significance of flies causing urogenital myiasis.

  15. Sepsis due to clostridium septicum: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clostridium septicum is an unusual anaerobic, gram-positive, gas-producing bacillus, which has been identified as a cause of fulminant rapidly fatal infection in humans. Infection with C. septicum usually occurs in patients with cancer, patients receiving immunosuppressive chemotherapy, or patients with a nonmalignant hematological disorder such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. C. septicum infection most commonly involves the abdomen, and a recent review article has identified 164 cases in the medical literature describing the abdominal findings in this disease. Intracranial manifestation of C. septicum infection are less common and include meningitis, cerebritis, abscess formation and pneumocephalus. There have been only 12 documented cases in the English literature describing central nervous system lesions associated with C. septicum. We present a case report of a 56-year-old man in whom septicemia due to C. septicum developed as a complication of Crohn's disease. To our knowledge, there has never been a previous report of C. septicum sepsis related to underlying Crohn's disease. Our case is also remarkable in that an intracerebral gas collection developed at the site of a mycotic infarct related to C. septicum bacteremia, Intracranial, intraparenchymal gas formation related to anaerobic infection is extremely rare; to our knowledge, this radiological finding related to C. septicum sepsis has been described in only 1 previous case report in the medical literature. We also describe the intra-abdominal manifestations of C. septicum sepsis that occurred in this patient as well as the associated radiographic and pathologic findings. (author)

  16. Sepsis due to clostridium septicum: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foga, M.M.; McGinn, G.J.; Kroeker, M.A. [Univ. of Manitoba Teaching Hospitals, St. Boniface General Hospital, Dept. of Radiology, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Guzman, R. [Univ. of Manitoba Teaching Hospitals, St. Boniface General Hospital, Dept. of Surgery, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

    2000-04-15

    Clostridium septicum is an unusual anaerobic, gram-positive, gas-producing bacillus, which has been identified as a cause of fulminant rapidly fatal infection in humans. Infection with C. septicum usually occurs in patients with cancer, patients receiving immunosuppressive chemotherapy, or patients with a nonmalignant hematological disorder such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. C. septicum infection most commonly involves the abdomen, and a recent review article has identified 164 cases in the medical literature describing the abdominal findings in this disease. Intracranial manifestation of C. septicum infection are less common and include meningitis, cerebritis, abscess formation and pneumocephalus. There have been only 12 documented cases in the English literature describing central nervous system lesions associated with C. septicum. We present a case report of a 56-year-old man in whom septicemia due to C. septicum developed as a complication of Crohn's disease. To our knowledge, there has never been a previous report of C. septicum sepsis related to underlying Crohn's disease. Our case is also remarkable in that an intracerebral gas collection developed at the site of a mycotic infarct related to C. septicum bacteremia, Intracranial, intraparenchymal gas formation related to anaerobic infection is extremely rare; to our knowledge, this radiological finding related to C. septicum sepsis has been described in only 1 previous case report in the medical literature. We also describe the intra-abdominal manifestations of C. septicum sepsis that occurred in this patient as well as the associated radiographic and pathologic findings. (author)

  17. Cystic pulmonary chondroid hamartoma: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamartomata is the most common benign type of tumor, occurring in the lung. However, a cystic pulmonary hamartoma is extremely rare, and is difficult to diagnose due to its nonspecific nature. We report a case of cystic pulmonary hamartoma in which a popcorn-like calcification is clearly identified, thus enabling a confident diagnosis of the disease

  18. An Unusual Case Report of Erupted Odontoma

    OpenAIRE

    Dhaval Mehta; Nilesh Raval; Sneha Udhani; Viral Parekh; Chintan Modi

    2013-01-01

    Odontomas are the most common of the odontogenic tumors of the jaws, which are benign, slow growing, and nonaggressive. They are usually asymptomatic and found in routine dental radiographic examination. Odontomas are usually associated with tooth eruption disturbances. Eruption of odontoma in oral cavity is rare entity. Here we report a case of an unusual erupted compound odontoma.

  19. Schwannoma of the appendix: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schwannoma is a benign neurogenic tumor arising from the nerve sheath, and it presents as a well defined mass. Isolated gastrointestinal schwannoma is a relatively rare finding and schwannoma of the appendix is extremely rare. We report here on a case of schwannoma that arose from the appendix, and this lesion was pathologically confirmed

  20. Hypervascular vestibular Schwannoma: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most vestibular schwannoma is hypovascular with well known poor tumor staining in cerebral angiography. However, hypervascular vestibular schwannoma might be observed as a rare subtype with increased risk of bleeding during surgery. Multimodal imaging features which represent hypervascularity of the tumor can be observed in hypervascular vestibular schwannoma. Here we report a case of hypervascular vestibular schwannoma with brief literature review.

  1. Case report : a black and white twin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claas, M. J.; Timmermans, A.; Bruinse, H. W.

    2010-01-01

    Albinism is an autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by a defective synthesis of melanin, resulting in a generalized reduction of pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes, and leading to an increased risk of skin cancer and vision problems. We report a case of a 22-year-old primigravida of Negr

  2. Persistent primitive trigeminal artery - case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kegel, W.

    1983-03-01

    The trigeminal artery is the most frequently persistent embryonic anastomosis of the carotido-basilar circle, considered to be of no clinical significance, detected only casually. However there have been reports in the relevant literature describing the pathological significance of this anastomosis in some cases.

  3. [Vulval tuberculosis: a rare case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amhager, N; Bouguern, H; Jayi, S; Bouchikhi, C; Belkheiri, M; Chaara, H; Bannani, A; Melhouf, M-A

    2007-02-01

    The authors report an observation of a rare case of vulvar tuberculosis in its hypertrophic form it is observed in a 16-years-old girl. The diagnosis was retained on a beam of arguments anamnestic, clinical, histological and evolutionary. A medical treatment based on antibacillar was founded supplemented of a surgical reduction for aesthetic concern. PMID:17293256

  4. An case report of persistent giardiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Crotti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors describe a persistent case of autoctonous giardiasis in an Italian adult man. Patient’s habits, clinical findings and diagnostic criteria are reported.The persistent elimination of Giardia spp. cysts with faeces along several month and years could be related to a repeated environmental ingestion or due to the onset of resistance towards the antiprotozoal drug.

  5. An case report of persistent giardiasis

    OpenAIRE

    Daniele Crotti; Elisabetta Antonelli; Maria Letizia D’Annibale

    2009-01-01

    The authors describe a persistent case of autoctonous giardiasis in an Italian adult man. Patient’s habits, clinical findings and diagnostic criteria are reported.The persistent elimination of Giardia spp. cysts with faeces along several month and years could be related to a repeated environmental ingestion or due to the onset of resistance towards the antiprotozoal drug.

  6. Distal metatarsal coalition: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Hwa Vun

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Our case report illustrates the importance of restoring normal weight bearing dynamics and pain relief when managing metatarsal coalition, or synostosis in skeletally immature patients. We recommend persevering with conservative treatment, with operative treatment reserved only as a later option, and ideally, until skeletal maturity is achieved.

  7. Anterior Chamber Live Loa loa: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagmeni, G; Cheuteu, R; Bilong, Y; Wiedemann, P

    2016-01-01

    We reported a case of unusual intraocular Loa loa in a 27-year-old patient who presented with painful red eye. Biomicroscopy revealed a living and active adult worm in the anterior chamber of the right eye. After surgical extraction under local anesthesia, parasitological identification confirmed L. loa filariasis. PMID:27441005

  8. Anterior Chamber Live Loa loa: Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagmeni, G.; Cheuteu, R.; Bilong, Y.; Wiedemann, P.

    2016-01-01

    We reported a case of unusual intraocular Loa loa in a 27-year-old patient who presented with painful red eye. Biomicroscopy revealed a living and active adult worm in the anterior chamber of the right eye. After surgical extraction under local anesthesia, parasitological identification confirmed L. loa filariasis. PMID:27441005

  9. Hypervascular vestibular Schwannoma: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ja Young; Yu, In Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    Most vestibular schwannoma is hypovascular with well known poor tumor staining in cerebral angiography. However, hypervascular vestibular schwannoma might be observed as a rare subtype with increased risk of bleeding during surgery. Multimodal imaging features which represent hypervascularity of the tumor can be observed in hypervascular vestibular schwannoma. Here we report a case of hypervascular vestibular schwannoma with brief literature review.

  10. Tuberous sclerosis complex: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harris Poolakundan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tuberous Sclerosis Complex is an autosomal dominant phakomatosis. This neurocutaneous disorder usually presents with seizures, facial angiofibroma and mental retardation (Vogt's triad. Here we report a case where a 25 year old gentleman presented with recurrent seizures, and was diagnosed to have tuberous sclerosis complex. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(10.000: 2844-2846

  11. Solitary subependymal giant cell astrocytoma: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kashiwagi, Nobuo; Yoshihara, Wataru; Shimada, Nobumitu; Tanaka, Hisashi; Fujita, Norihiko; Hirabuki, Norio; Watanabe, Yoshiyuki E-mail: kashiwagi@kanrou.net; Nakamura, Hironobu

    2000-01-01

    In this report, we describe a case of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma in a patient lacking clinical symptoms of tuberous sclerosis. The absence of any features of tuberous sclerosis initially dissuaded us from including subependymal giant cell astrocytoma in our differential diagnosis.

  12. Renal and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyoung Won; Seo, Joon Beom; Lee, Hyun Ju; Im, Jung Gi; Kim, Seung Hyup. E-mail: kimsh@radcom.snu.ac.kr

    2000-12-01

    Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease that most commonly involves the lung. However, extrapulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis rarely occurs with or without subsequent involvement of the lung. We report a case of incidentally found renal and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis in a patient who had no stigmata of tuberous sclerosis.

  13. Mammary carcinosarcoma in cat: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    J.D.G. Paniago; A.L.S. Vieira; N.M. Ocarino; S.A. França; C. Malm; Cassali, G.D.; R. Serakides

    2010-01-01

    A case of mammary carcinosarcoma is reported in a 13-year-old, mixed breed female cat, which was not spayed and had not received contraceptives. The patient presented extensive and coalescent nodules in all mammary glands. Based on the histological and immunohistochemical findings, the diagnosis of mammary carcinosarcoma was confirmed.

  14. SPECTRUM OF HIDROCYSTOMAS: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramesh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT : Hidrocystomas are rare cystic lesions that form benign tumors of the sweat glands. In this report we present two classical cases of apocrine and eccrine hidrocystomas and review the epidemiological, histological and clinical features. The effectiveness of experimental treatment methods and present information about associated syndromes and differential diagnosis have also been discussed.

  15. Cystic pulmonary chondroid hamartoma: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Eun Young; Lee, Kyung Soo; Han, Jeong Ho; Kim, Yoon Kyung [Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-06-15

    Hamartomata is the most common benign type of tumor, occurring in the lung. However, a cystic pulmonary hamartoma is extremely rare, and is difficult to diagnose due to its nonspecific nature. We report a case of cystic pulmonary hamartoma in which a popcorn-like calcification is clearly identified, thus enabling a confident diagnosis of the disease.

  16. Collar stud abscess an interesting case report

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan; Kameshwaran Punniyakodi

    2012-01-01

    Cervical Lymphadenopathy with collar stud abscess of tuberculous etiology is uncommon nowadays. This case is being reported for clinical interest and for the purpose of documentation.Introduction Tubercular Lymphadenopathy is a common extra pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis.Collar stud abscess are rarely seen in OPD nowadays. Tuberculosis remains a problem throughout the world and is still a common cause of cervical lymphadenopathy.

  17. Nipple leiomyoma in man: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marrazzo, A; Taormina, P; Noto, A; Cardinale, G; Casa, L; Lo Gerfo, D

    2004-04-01

    We describe a rare case of a man, 38 year old, with a nipple leiomyoma, and report the presentation as a small nodule of the areola spreading the nipple, the symptoms, the clinical signs, the treatment that includes a complete excision; free margins should be histologically established to prevent recurrence. PMID:15283404

  18. Cutaneous larva migrans--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmavathy, L; Rao, L L

    2005-04-01

    Cutaneous larva migrans or creeping eruption is an uncommon parasitic skin infection caused by the filariform larvae of dog or cat hook worms. We report a case of larva migrans on the anterior abdominal wall, in a 52 year old lady, who did gardening as a hobby. PMID:15928447

  19. Cutaneous Larva Migrans - A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Padmavathy L; Rao L

    2005-01-01

    Cutaneous larva migrans or creeping eruption is an uncommon parasitic skin infection caused by the filariform larvae of dog or cat hook worms. We report a case of larva migrans on the anterior abdominal wall, in a 52 year old lady, who did gardening as a hobby.

  20. Cutaneous Larva Migrans - A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Padmavathy L

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous larva migrans or creeping eruption is an uncommon parasitic skin infection caused by the filariform larvae of dog or cat hook worms. We report a case of larva migrans on the anterior abdominal wall, in a 52 year old lady, who did gardening as a hobby.

  1. Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome - A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Anju kapoor, Dipankar Sarkar, *Garjesh Singh Rai, **Shweta Anand

    2012-01-01

    Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a sporadic disorder characterized by the triad of vascular malformation (capillary hemangioma or port wine stain), venous varicosity and soft tissue and/ or bony hypertrophy. We report here a case of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome with review of literature.

  2. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilal Bin Abdullah*, Mehboob.M.Kalburgi, Sahana Shetty and Satyasrinivas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available We report a 28 years old male presenting with heart failure. A thorough clinical evaluation directed us towards restrictive heart disease. Doppler echocardiographic study was used as a main modality of diagnosis and cardiac catheterization confirmed the diagnosis of idiopathic restrictive cardiomyopathy. We express the contribution of clinical findings and appropriate diagnostic measures in approaching a case of Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM.

  3. MR findings of acute rhabdomyolysis: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rhabdomyolysis is an acute disorder resulting from skeletal muscle injury in which intracellular contents are released into extracellular space and plasma. The condition may result from drug or alcohol overdose, infection, crush injuries, collagen disease, or intensive exercise. We report two cases of acute rhabdomyolysis resulting from CO poisoning and alcohol overdose, and discuss the MRI and ultrasonographic findings

  4. DIY dentures--a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagger, D C; Harrison, A

    1996-03-23

    Minor self adjustments to dentures is a common finding. This case report describes do-it-yourself major adjustments to a removable prosthesis in an attempt to convert it to a fixed prosthesis and the resultant damage to the dental tissues. PMID:8996926

  5. Acute Brucellosis Presenting as Gastroenteritis: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Salih Bin Salih; Adel Alothman

    2013-01-01

    Brucellosis is a systemic infection with multiple presentations. In spite of its oral mode of transmission and gastrointestinal pathogenesis, systemic symptoms are usually more prominent than gastrointestinal ones. Acute brucellosis presenting as gastroenteritis is rare in adults and could be the only manifestation of the disease. We report a case of gastroenteritis caused by Brucella species.

  6. Orbital myiasis-A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal D; Singh Bhupinder

    1990-01-01

    A case of basal cell carcinoma presenting in an unusual manner as orbital myiasis is reported. Orbit was full of maggots. Histopathology examination from the margin of the ulcerative area confirmed the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma, which was infested secondarily with larvae of flies. Turpentine oil packs were used to remove the maggots.

  7. Orbital myiasis-A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agarwal D

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of basal cell carcinoma presenting in an unusual manner as orbital myiasis is reported. Orbit was full of maggots. Histopathology examination from the margin of the ulcerative area confirmed the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma, which was infested secondarily with larvae of flies. Turpentine oil packs were used to remove the maggots.

  8. Case report: Methotrexate-induced pericardial effusion

    OpenAIRE

    Dündar, Betül; Karalök, Alper; Üreyen, Işın; Gündoğdu, Burcu; Öçalan, Reyhan; Taner TURAN; Boran, Nurettin; Tulunay, Gökhan; Köse, M. Faruk

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of pericardial effusion induced by methotrexate in a patient with low risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, who had been taking the first course of sequential methotrexate-folinic acid treatment. After aspiration of pericardial effusion another methotrexate-folinic acid course was given and the pericardial effusion did not relapse.

  9. Orbital MALT Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha G Pai

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A case of orbital MALT (mucous associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is reported for its rarity. It presented as a large tumor obscuring the whole eye with loss of vision, without any signs of dissemination and remained free of recurrence or metastasis 12 months after undergoing simple surgical excision.

  10. Brittle bone disease: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pace Lasmar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a female patient, 27 years old, with several episodes of fractures after low energy trauma and the first documented episode only to 18 years of age. Extensive research has not found the exact etiology of the disease. The orthopedic monitoring has targeted prevention and treatment of fractures.

  11. Hailey Hailey disease: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iffat Hassan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Hailey Hailey disease or Familial chronic benign pemphigus is a rare autosomal dominant acantholytic disease, clinically characterized by flaccid bullae and erosions in the intertriginous areas, mainly the axillary and inguinal region. We herein report a case of a forty year old female belonging to ethnic Kashmiri population with clinical and histopathological features suggestive of Hailey Hailey disease.

  12. Hailey Hailey disease: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Iffat Hassan; Abid Keen

    2012-01-01

    Hailey Hailey disease or Familial chronic benign pemphigus is a rare autosomal dominant acantholytic disease, clinically characterized by flaccid bullae and erosions in the intertriginous areas, mainly the axillary and inguinal region. We herein report a case of a forty year old female belonging to ethnic Kashmiri population with clinical and histopathological features suggestive of Hailey Hailey disease.

  13. Hailey-Hailey Disease: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kandi, Başak; Karıncaoğlu, Yelda; KARADAĞ, Neşe; Doğan, Gürsoy; Eşrefoğlu, Muammer

    2002-01-01

    Hailey-Hailey (H-H) disease is a recurrent, autosomal dominant vesiculobullous dermatosis with a predilection for intertriginous areas. In this paper a 20 year old male patient clinically and histopathologically diagnosed as hawing Hailey-Hailey disease was presented. The localigailion of the disease on neck warranted the present case report. Key words: Hailey-Hailey disease

  14. Papillon-Lefevre syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subramaniam P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Papillon-Lefevre syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder. The clinical manifestations include palmer planter hyperkeratosis with precocious progressive periodontal disease that results in premature exfoliation of primary and permanent dentitions. Patients are often edentulous at an early age. This is a case report of prosthodontic rehabilitation of a 15-year-old girl with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.

  15. Nocardia pulmonary infection, Case report and review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nocardia infections are an important cause of pulmonary morbidity, in part associated with the use of immunosuppressant therapy in patients with hematological neoplasia, organ transplants and in patients with HIV infection. In this article we report a case of nocardia infection in a patient with high doses of steroids and diabetes mellitus, and make a review of the literature of nocardia infections

  16. Septo-optic dysplasia (case report)

    OpenAIRE

    Nayak Venkatesh; Bhat K

    1991-01-01

    Septo optic dysplasia is a rare developmental anomaly involving bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia, midline anomalies of the brain and hypothalamo-pituitary dysfunction. A case of septo-optic dysplasia with pituitary dwarfism, optic nerve hypoplasia and absent septum pellucidum is reported.

  17. Cheerleading Injuries. Patterns, Prevention, Case Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Mark R.

    1997-01-01

    Although cheerleading carries a relatively low injury risk, injuries that do occur can be severe, commonly affecting the ankle, head, and neck. Two case reports are presented that illustrate acute injuries typical of cheerleading. Prevention recommendations are offered related to supervising, screening, limiting stunts, optimizing the environment…

  18. Choroid plexus carcinoma: Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Avninder

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Choroid plexus carcinomas (CPCs are rare malignant counterparts of choroid plexus papilloma which occur in infants and children with a predilection for the posterior fossa and have a poor prognosis. We report two cases of CPC diagnosed in a 5-year-old boy and a 12-year-old boy and discuss the clinicopathologic features.

  19. Leishmaniasis cutis:report of two cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ke-jian; LIU Yue-hua; FANG Kai

    2005-01-01

    @@ Leishmaniasis cutis is a chronic dermatosis resulting from infestation by Leishmania of the skin.The diagnosis could not be established until a biopsy specimen revealed Leishman-Donovan(LD)bodies.We report two cases of leishmaniasis cutis diagnosed and treated recently in our department.

  20. Reported Cases of HPS (Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of HPS cases have been reported in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Panama and Uruguay and ... disturbance and land-use changes or with unusual environmental events such as increased rainfall or periodic bamboo ... Index Policies Using this Site Link to Us Social Media ...

  1. A Case Report of Chickenpox in Conjunctiva

    OpenAIRE

    Deniz Turgut Coban

    2011-01-01

    Chickenpox is a primarily infection of Varicella-zoster virus and is childhood disease. Although varicella virus infections are usually benign skin disease, they can have serious systemic manifestations and complications. In this study, it is aim the presentations of a case report of chickenpox in conjunctiva.

  2. Idiopathic hepatic arterial malformation: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑蔚巍; 周康荣; 王佩芬; 陈祖望

    2003-01-01

    @@ Hepatic arterial malformation is a rare disorder which either origi nates idiopathically or may be associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiect asia (also known as Osler-Weber-Rendu disease). Although previous reports presented only descriptions of sonographic and angiographic findings,1-6 we present a case of splenic infarct caused by this disorder with CT and CTA findi ngs.

  3. Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica: Case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junping Sun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO is a rare disorder characterized as multiple osseous or cartilaginous nodules in the submucosa of trachea and main bronchi. TPO remains an under recognized entity due to lack of awareness. Four cases of TPO are reported in this review as well as various facets of TPO description.

  4. Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica: Case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Junping Sun; Lixin Xie; Xianling Su; Xingang Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare disorder characterized as multiple osseous or cartilaginous nodules in the submucosa of trachea and main bronchi. TPO remains an under recognized entity due to lack of awareness. Four cases of TPO are reported in this review as well as various facets of TPO description.

  5. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Vani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, which results in oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding disorders, and storage of abnormal fat protein compound (liposomal accumulation of ceroid lipofuscin. The major complications of this disorder are pulmonary fibrosis (PF and colitis. This is a case report of an HPS patient with PF.

  6. A Case Report of Concha Bullosa Mucocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Koosha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A mucocele is an epithelial lined mucus-containing sac, completely filling paranasal sinus and capable of expansion.Sinus orifice obstruction produces aggregation of mucosal discharge from respiratory epithelium inside them that is called sinus mucocele. Case Report: Present case-report is related to a case of concha bullosa mucocele in a 18-year-old girl presenting to the clinic due to partial obstruction of left-side nasal cavity over 8 months ago and then completed obstruction within the recent two months. The patient underwent surgical operation with a likely diagnosis of concha bullosa mucocele.Conclusion: Pathologic study on the specimen taken during the surgery supported the mucocele. Post-operatively, no complication was detected. In a second examination within two months after the operation,the nasal cavity was open and no complication was found.

  7. Hypoglycaemia and somnambulism: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cebrián, S; Gimeno, O; Orozco, D; Pertusa, S

    2012-12-01

    Sleepwalking (somnambulism) is a sleep disorder classified as a parasomnia. Sleepwalkers develop motor activities that may be simple or complex: they can get out of bed, walk, urinate and even leave the house while remaining unconscious and unable to communicate. It is difficult to wake a sleepwalker, but it is not dangerous - as many people think. Sleepwalking cases have been caused by jet lag, the consumption of narcotics, sedatives and alcohol, cardiac problems such as arrhythmias, and other medical conditions, including epilepsy, asthma and apnoea. In a quick search of the literature, only one case due to hypoglycaemia has been reported, describing a patient with type 1 diabetes whose sleepwalking was triggered by nocturnal hypoglycaemia. Our present case was similar, and our report also describes how it occurred and how the condition was remedied. PMID:23041442

  8. Sturge-Weber syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe G. dos Santos

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The Sturge-Weber Syndrome, also known as encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare vascular neurocutaneous alteration. The main clinical features of this syndrome are facial vascular cutaneous naevus, usually unilateral, which often follows the outline distribution of trigeminal nerve. Objective: To report a clinical case of Sturge-Weber Syndrome in a 29-yeral-old male patient who presented oral manifestations related to the syndrome. Case report and conclusion: The patient reported that he had presented a cutaneous vascular nevus on the face during childhood as well as epileptic crisis episodes. However, he had no ophthalmic alterations. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a systemic condition commonly affecting oral cavity through vascular lesions, therefore, dentists’ knowledge is extremely important to provide an adequate dental treatment without complications.

  9. The Danish National Case Study Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    This report is the Danish case study report in the EU-financed project INTERACTS, which analyses experience and expectations to the interaction between NGOs, Science Shops and universities. The report analyses potentials and barriers to NGO’s and similar civil society groups’ use of research and...... pond. Each case is described and reflected separately. A cross-analysis analyses the interactions among the involved actor group (clients, students, researchers, and Science Shops) discussing how the knowledge in the projects were developed and how the knowledge were used by the actors to try to gain...... impact on either research development or societal discourses. When civil society groups request assistance through the Science Shops, their need for knowledge and research is based on a need for scientific documentation of a certain topic, a need for enhancement of new knowledge and/or a need for...

  10. Spontaneous Perforation of Pyometra: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyometra is the accumulation of purulent material in the uterine cavity. Its reported incidence is 0.01–0.5% in gynecologic patients; however, as far as elderly patients are concerned, its incidence is 13.6% [3]. The most common cause of pyometra is malignant diseases of genital tract and the consequences of their treatment (radiotherapy. Other causes are benign tumors like leiomyoma, endometrial polyps, senile cervicitis, cervical occlusion after surgery, puerperal infections, and congenital cervical anomalies. Spontaneous rupture of the uterus is an extremely rare complication of pyometra. To our knowledge, only 21 cases of spontaneous perforation of pyometra have been reported in English literature since 1980. This paper reports an additional case of spontaneous uterine rupture.

  11. Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemant Kale

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor (ECMT is a rare benign neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis, which exclusively involves the oral cavity, particularly the tongue. Clinically, it presents as slow growing, painless, firm, submucosal swelling exclusively occurring on the anterior dorsum of the tongue. Histopathologically, it comprised well circumscribed, unencapsulated lobular proliferation of fusiform and polygonal cells, with varying degree of cellularity, with neoplastic cells often seen in a myxoid, chondroid or hyalinized background. Until date, only 40 cases have been reported in the literature. Most documented lesions involve anterior tongue, however 2 cases in posterior tongue and one palatal tumor has been described. Here, we present a rare case diagnosed clinically and histopathologically as (ECMT in a 7-year-old girl with the size of the lesion 5.0 cm making this case even rarer and throwing some light on this distinct entity.

  12. Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor: A rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kale, Hemant; Mistry, Devang M; Vasant, Richa K; Jadeja, Nileshwari R; Baranwal, Malaykumar

    2014-10-01

    Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor (ECMT) is a rare benign neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis, which exclusively involves the oral cavity, particularly the tongue. Clinically, it presents as slow growing, painless, firm, submucosal swelling exclusively occurring on the anterior dorsum of the tongue. Histopathologically, it comprised well circumscribed, unencapsulated lobular proliferation of fusiform and polygonal cells, with varying degree of cellularity, with neoplastic cells often seen in a myxoid, chondroid or hyalinized background. Until date, only 40 cases have been reported in the literature. Most documented lesions involve anterior tongue, however 2 cases in posterior tongue and one palatal tumor has been described. Here, we present a rare case diagnosed clinically and histopathologically as (ECMT) in a 7-year-old girl with the size of the lesion 5.0 cm making this case even rarer and throwing some light on this distinct entity. PMID:25395780

  13. Peritoneal dissemination from central neurocytoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coelho Neto Maurício

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: central neurocytoma is a low grade tumor of neuroglial origin and a relatively new histological entity. Only a few cases have been reported and its biological behavior is still uncertain. Some cases have shown an aggressive behavior (local recurrence, malignant dedifferentiation or CSF dissemination and challenged the initial view of its relative benignity. A case of central neurocytoma with peritoneal dissemination is presented. CASE: a six years-old boy with recurrent neurocytoma of III ventricle and left thalamus showed fast growth of tumor rest and ascites three and a half years after subtotal removal of the lesion. Tumor cells were identified in the ascitic fluid and implanted in the peritoneum. Chemotherapy was initiated immediately after diagnosis of peritoneal dissemination (etoposide, carboplatin, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. The patient developed metabolic imbalance and respiratory failure due to rapid formation of ascitic fluid and died 3 days after the diagnosis of peritoneal dissemination was established. CONCLUSION: central neurocytoma is a low grade tumor with low values of the proliferative index in the majority of cases. In spite of that, some tumors may present a very aggressive behavior and extraneural dissemination. Evaluation of proliferative index may be a guideline parameter for planning adjuvant therapies after surgical treatment in selected cases. Extraneural dissemination may occur in some cases specially in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

  14. Keloidal Scleroderma: Case Report and Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassira, Sama; Jaleel, Tarannum; Pavlidakey, Peter; Sami, Naveed

    2015-01-01

    Objective. We report a rare case of keloidal scleroderma and provide an analysis of similar cases. Results. A 41 year-old woman presented with dark brown, indurated, exophytic nodules over the chest along with smaller hyperpigmented plaques scattered over the abdomen, with concomitant sclerodactyly. The clinical, laboratory, and pathological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of keloidal scleroderma. The patient was treated with methotrexate, resulting in reduced firmness of her plaques and no new lesions. A literature review of previously reported cases was performed using keywords including keloidal morphea, keloidal scleroderma, nodular morphea, and nodular scleroderma. In our review, the majority of patients were African American and female. 91% of cases had nodular lesions with distribution on the trunk. The majority of patients exhibited sclerodactyly and pulmonary involvement was reported in 28%1. The majority of patients were ANA positive (63%) and only 10% demonstrated anti-SCL-70 positivity. Conclusion. Keloidal scleroderma is a rare presentation, which can often be clinically confused with keloid and scar formation. Due to this being a rare variant, our knowledge of treatment options and efficacy is limited. Methotrexate could be considered as an initial treatment option for patients with progressive keloidal scleroderma. PMID:26697236

  15. Keloidal Scleroderma: Case Report and Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sama Kassira

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. We report a rare case of keloidal scleroderma and provide an analysis of similar cases. Results. A 41 year-old woman presented with dark brown, indurated, exophytic nodules over the chest along with smaller hyperpigmented plaques scattered over the abdomen, with concomitant sclerodactyly. The clinical, laboratory, and pathological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of keloidal scleroderma. The patient was treated with methotrexate, resulting in reduced firmness of her plaques and no new lesions. A literature review of previously reported cases was performed using keywords including keloidal morphea, keloidal scleroderma, nodular morphea, and nodular scleroderma. In our review, the majority of patients were African American and female. 91% of cases had nodular lesions with distribution on the trunk. The majority of patients exhibited sclerodactyly and pulmonary involvement was reported in 28%1. The majority of patients were ANA positive (63% and only 10% demonstrated anti-SCL-70 positivity. Conclusion. Keloidal scleroderma is a rare presentation, which can often be clinically confused with keloid and scar formation. Due to this being a rare variant, our knowledge of treatment options and efficacy is limited. Methotrexate could be considered as an initial treatment option for patients with progressive keloidal scleroderma.

  16. VASCULAR MALFORMATION OF CHEEK: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faiz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Vascular lesions are among the most common congenital and neonatal abnormalities. Most of the congenital vascular malformations are often misdiagnosed and left untreated. These lesions are the result of an embryonic abnormality of the vascular system. This is a case report of 13 year male patient who came with a chief complaint of swelling on the right side of face since birth. It was diagnosed as vascular malformations of buccal mucosa of right side. It is emphasized that the management of these cases requ ires a multidisciplinary approach. Laser therapy, embolization followed by surgical excision is the favourable treatment modalities.

  17. Case report: Williams-Campbell syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Williams-Campbell syndrome is a rare type of bronchiectasis that is due to deficiency or absence of cartilage in the fourth- to sixth-order bronchi. Case Report: The paper presents the case of a patient with large, bilateral bronchiectasis caused by defect of cartilage in the fourth- to sixth-order bronchi referred to as Williams-Campbell syndrome. Conclusions: Williams-Campbell syndrome should be taken into consideration in differential diagnosis of bronchiectasis. Both inspiratory and expiratory high-resolution computed tomography should be performed to establish the diagnosis

  18. Primary Hepatic Choriocarcinoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohn, Young Jun; Lee, Young Hwan; Choi, See Sung; Roh, Byung Suk; Juhng, Seon Kwan [Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-12-15

    Choriocarcinoma is one of the most common malignancies associated with pregnancy. The characteristics of this malignancy include abnormal growth of the trophoblastic tissue, direct invasion of adjacent organs, and distant metastasis; however, it rarely presents extragonadally. Recently, we have experienced a case of primary hepatic choriocarcinoma in a middle-aged-man, which was characterized by a solitary large hepatic mass with central necrosis and hemorrhaging, as well as metastases to the lung and lymph nodes along the hepatoduodenal ligament. We report this case with a review of the literature.

  19. HOFFMANN’S SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avik

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The neurological manifestations of hypothyroidism are very unusual to see as initial symptoms and they usually occur late in the course of disease. Hoffmann syndrome is a rare form of hypothyroid myopathy in adults characterized by presence of muscle weakness, stiffness and pseudohypertrophy. We present a case of 27 years old male presenting with features of proximal muscle weakness of both upper and lower limbs with hypertrophy of calf muscles. His TSH and CPK were markedly raised and EMG showed myopathic disorder. We report this case because of its rarity.

  20. Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa - Report of three cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sengupta Sujata

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa, a genetic mechanobullous disease, is characterized by pruritus, lichenified or nodular prurigo-like lesions, occasional trauma-induced blistering, excoriations, milia, nail dystrophy and albopapuloid lesions, appearing at birth or later. Scarring and prurigo are most prominent on the shins. Treatment is unsatisfactory. We report three such cases: two of them first cousins, are described with history of blisters since childhood, followed by intensely pruritic lesions predominantly on the shins, and dystrophy of toenails, but no albopapuloid lesions or milia. Intact blisters were present in one case, and excoriations were seen in the other two. All of them showed encouraging response to cryotherapy.

  1. Torus palatinus. Report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Lorena Re Domínguez

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The torus is a non-neoplastic slow growing bone protuberance, which is usually manifested before the age of 30; Set in the hard palate is called “Torus Palatinus”, and located in the lower jaw – “Torus mandibularis”. In most cases, the diagnosis is usually incidental, during clinical examination, due to other reasons. The reason is that they are usually asymptomatic and patients are not aware of carrying a torus; hence the conservation treatment, unless it poses problems for the patient. We report two cases of incidental detected palatal torus in women.

  2. Pemphigus vulgaris: a rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Babu Ramineni

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV is an organ-specific autoimmune disorder affecting skin and mucous membranes with a characteristic of intraepithelial blistering. The first common sign of this disease is involvement of oral mucosa followed by skin involvement. We here in report a rare case one such recently seen by us, where oral lesions and skin lesions in a 24 year old female patient presenting with a five months history of multiple fluid filled lesions all over the body, who is known case of psychosis finally diagnosed as having pemphigus vulgaris. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(6.000: 1543-1544

  3. Valproic acid induced pancreatitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupen Barman

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Valproic acid is a commonly used antiepileptic drug. Apart from its common side effect there is definite association between valproic acid therapy and acute pancreatitis. Since 1979, many cases of acute pancreatitis induced by valproic acid have been published in medical literature. Here we are reporting a case of valproic acid induced acute pancreatitis in a 27 years old boy. The treatment is supportive, re-challenge is hazardous and should be avoided. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(4.000: 1765-1767

  4. Dysmorphism of the middle ear: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solero, P; Ferrara, M; Musto, R; Pira, A; Di Lisi, D

    2005-10-01

    Although there are numerous publications in the literature describing the wide range of diagnosis, classifications and treatment of malformations of the hearing apparatus, even more variations can be found in clinical practice. Indeed, each individual case is unique as far as concerns pathogenesis, clinical course and treatment. The case reported herein describes a 12-year-old boy affected by cranio-facial dysmorphism and monolateral conductive hearing loss in the right ear: followed from radiological diagnosis--carried out to study a malformation of the ear pinna--to surgical treatment. PMID:16602328

  5. Pseudo ventricular tachycardia: a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Riaz, A

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Dramatic artifacts of pseudo flutter have been reported in the past secondary to various factors including tremor (Handwerker and Raptopoulos in N Engl J Med 356:503, 2007) and dialysis machines (Kostis et al. in J Electrocardiol 40(4):316-318, 2007). METHODS: We present this unusual case where the artifact, produced by tremor, was so pronounced to be misdiagnosed and treated as ventricular tachycardia. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of correlating ECG findings with history and clinical examination and of using 12 lead ECGs for rhythm interpretation especially to confirm consistence of arrhythmias in all leads.

  6. Adrenal Myelolipoma- A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayalaxmi V. Suranagi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Adrenal myelolipoma (AML is a rare benign tumour composed of mature adipose tissue and hematopoietic tissue. Very few cases have been reported. Most of these patients are asymptomatic. We present a rare case of Adrenal Myelolipoma where the patient presented with hypertension and a clinical suspicion of Pheochromocytoma, which turned out to be an Adrenal myelolipoma. Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare entity, not encountered frequently and can occur as an incidental finding. Awareness regarding this entity is very much essential to exclude surgical exploration or extensive surgery.

  7. Osteomalacia mimicking spondyloarthropathy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garip, Y; Dedeoglu, M; Bodur, H

    2014-07-01

    Osteomalacia is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by impaired mineralization of bone matrix. Symptoms of osteomalacia can be confused with other conditions such as spondyloarthropathy, polymyalgia rheumatica, polymyositis, and fibromyalgia. In this case, we report a patient with axial osteomalacia who developed low back pain, morning stiffness, and "grade 3 sacroiliitis" in pelvis X-ray, leading to the misdiagnosis as seronegative spondyloarthropathy. Serum biochemical studies revealed low serum phosphorus, low 25-hydroxy vitamin D3, normal calcium, elevated parathyroid hormone, and alkaline phosphatase levels. Her symptoms were relieved with vitamin D and calcium therapy. The diagnosis of osteomalacia should be considered in case of sacroiliitis and spondylitis. PMID:24760247

  8. VANISHING WHITE MATTER DISEASE : A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sindu P.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Vanishing white matter disease (VWM is one of the most prevalent inherited childhood Leucoencephalopathies. We report MR imaging features of vanishing white matter disease in a 4 - year - old boy, who manifested with seizures, aphasia, spastic quadriparesis and myoclonic jerks. MRI of brain showed diffuse white matter signal changes of CSF intensity in all the sequences. MR spectroscopy of white matter showed severe decrease in NAA, choline and creatine and presence of lactate peak. Additional notable findings were diffuse extensive brain stem and thalamic atrophy. The clinico - radiological correlation was consistent with the diagnosis of vanishing white matter disease. Reporting of such cases may widen the spectra of these disorders.

  9. Papilliferous Keratoameloblastoma: An Extremely Rare Case Report

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    Neeta Mohanty

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontogenic tumors develop in the jaw bones from the odontogenic tissue-oral epithelium in tooth germ, enamel organ, dental papilla, reduced enamel epithelium, remnants of Hertwig’s root sheath or dental lamina, and so forth. Hence, a bewildering variety of tumors are encountered in the maxilla and mandible. Ameloblastoma is the second most common odontogenic neoplasm after odontomes, and it has numerous clinical and histologic variants. We report a very rare histologic variant: the papilliferous keratoameloblastoma which is the fifth reported case in the English literature.

  10. Familial myasthenia gravis: report of four cases

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    José Lamartine de Assis

    1976-09-01

    Full Text Available Two pairs of siblings with myasthenia gravis, belonging to two different families, are reported. This is the only record of familial myasthenia during the past twenty years, in a total of 145 patients seen at the Neurological Clinic of the São Paulo Medical School. In spite of the fact that myasthenia gravis does not show hereditary characteristics, the peculiar features of the four cases justify the present report. The two pairs of siblings were born from non myasthenic nor consanguineous parents. The disease started at birth showing bilateral partial eyelid ptosis in all patients. The course of the illness has been favorable. There was no thymoma.

  11. Genital Hailey- Hailey disease: a case report

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    Deeptara Pathak Thapa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hailey – Hailey disease is a rare autosomal dominant acantholytic disorder, previously not reported from Nepal. We report a case of 30 years old female who presented with pruritic hyperkeratotic papules and plaques on vulva, perianal area and inner left thigh for a period of one year. Biopsy from the lesion showed suprabasal acantholysis with loss of intercellular bridges resulting in a dilapidated brick-wall appearance; characteristic of Hailey – Hailey disease. Treatment of this disease till date is far from satisfactory.

  12. Subconjunctival haemorrhage from bronchoscopy: A case report

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    Huey Ying Lim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Flexible bronchoscopy has been available for almost five decades. It has evolved as one of the most commonly used invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in pulmonology, and its scope of applications is progressively expanding with the addition of new adjunct technologies such as endobronchial ultrasound, bronchial Thermoplasty, and navigational bronchoscopy. It is a safe procedure with complications ranging from fever, infiltrates, hypoxemia, bleeding, pneumothoraces and death, with most significant complications being bleeding and pneumothorax. We report a case of subconjuctival haemorrhage as an immediate complication of bronchoscopy. To our knowledge this is the first report documenting this rare complication.

  13. Congenital partial arhinia: a case report

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    Akkuzu Guzin

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Congenital arhinia is an extremely rare anomaly consisting of an absence of external nasal structures and nasal passages. Fewer than 30 cases have been reported. Patients with a familial absence of the nose have been reported, but the effects of genetic and maternal factors are unknown. Midface hypoplasia may accompany arhinia. Accompanying malformations are thought to be caused by an absent or rudimentary nose. A patient with partial congenital arhinia is presented and the embryology and literature review are discussed.

  14. Partial trisomy 4q: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Ying-xia; WANG Yun-hua; HAO Li-jun; HOU Lin; LI Wei; HUANG Yun-feng

    2006-01-01

    @@ The clinical findings frequently presented in trisomy 4q syndrome including mental retardation, developmental delay and multiple abnormalities such as microcephaly, acrocephaly, as well as malformed ears, high/broad/depressed nasal bridge, teeth and thumb anomalies. It has been proposed that trisomy 4q is caused by a familial balanced translocation or a de novo imbalance. We reported a new case of trisomy 4q with a karyotype of 46, XY, der(5)t(4;5)(q27;q35) and this karyotye was reported for the first time.

  15. Triptans and troponin: a case report

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    Schneemann Markus

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This case report describes for the first time acute coronary syndrome in a 67-year old patient after oral intake of naratriptan for migraine. So far in the literature, only sumatriptan, zolmitriptan and frovatriptan have been described to cause acute coronary syndromes. A 67-year old Swiss woman with thoracic pain after intake of 2.5 mg naratriptan presented with T-wave inversions in the ECG and a positive troponin-T at our hospital. Coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries. Naratriptan-induced coronary vasospasms were thought to have caused the acute coronary syndrome. Triptans should not be prescribed in patients with pre-existing coronary heart disease. However, triptans can also cause acute coronary syndromes in patients without coronary heart disease – as described in our case report. Severe or persistent thoracic pain after intake of triptans should therefore be investigated accordingly.

  16. Subepithelial connective tissue graft: a case report

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    Juliana Alcarás Saraiva

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Marginal tissue recession represents a common condition in Periodontology. Miller’s Classes I and II recessions, in which the etiological factors are well diagnosed and eliminated, show great predictability of total coverage when the technique of subepithelial connective tissue graft is used. This technique success has been mainly attributed to the double blood supply for graft’s nutrition, originating from the connective tissue of both the periosteum and flap. Case report and conclusion: The authors reported a clinical case in which a Miller’s Class I recession was treated by the surgical technique of subepithelial connective tissue graft, obtaining total coverage, eliminating the aesthetic deficiency and the dentin hypersensitivity complained by patient.

  17. Supernumerary teeth: Report of four unusual cases

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    Arun Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Supernumerary tooth denotes duplication of tooth in the normal series. It is a developmental anomaly and has been argued to arise from multiple etiologies. These teeth may remain embedded in the alveolar bone or can erupt into the oral cavity. The supernumerary tooth might cause esthetic and/or functional problems, especially if it is situated in the maxillary anterior region. Complications reported were delayed or prevented eruption of succedaneous teeth, displacement or rotation, crowding of the affected region, abnormal diastema, dilacerations, cystic formation, and sometime eruption into the nasal cavity. In this case report, four unusual cases of supernumerary teeth that resulted in varying degrees of disturbances in permanent dentition are presented. Conservative surgical intervention and light orthodontic forces were used to bring the teeth into normal position with minimal disturbance to the surrounding oral structures.

  18. A case report on nasolabial cyst

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    Sunder Goyal

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The nasolabial cyst (NLC is an uncommon clinical entity and is generally unilateral. It is benign in nature and is embryonic in origin and only one case with malignancy has been reported. It is located in the nasolabial folds. Most of time it is an asymptomatic deformity of face and rarely can result in nasal obstruction if it is bilateral. Its diagnosis is clinical and treatment is surgical excision. A 16 years brown female patient presented with bulging in left nasolabial region. She was treated with surgery...........................................................Cite this article as:Goyal S, Sharma J, Sharma N. A case report on nasolabial cyst. Int J Cancer Ther Oncol 2014; 2(3:020311. DOI: 10.14319/ijcto.0203.11

  19. A Case Report of Maffucci Syndrome

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    Gh. Eshghi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Maffucci syndrome is a rare clinical entity (approximately 200 cases have been reported in the medical literature with a combination occurrence of multiple enchodroma and vascular tumors. Case Report: Our patient was an 18 year old girl born in a non-consanguineous marriage with finger and toe bones disorders (enchondroma causing deformity of fingers and toes with multiple vascular tumors (cavernous hemangioma in the distal upper and lower limbs. Entire laboratory investigations including thyroid function tests were normal. Cardiovascular ex-amination including EKG and echocardiography were also normal. The abnormal findings on brain CT SCAN with contrast were not observed. Angiographic and histologic stud-ies confirmed the cavernous hemangioma and radiography of fingers and toes approved bone lesions (enchondroma. Conclusion: A diagnosis of Maffucci syndrome was made by the above mentioned measures.(Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2013; 19 (4:82-85

  20. Multiple mediastinal hydatid cysts: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi-Rad, Mohammad Hossein; Mahmodlou, Rahim

    2009-01-01

    Hydatid cyst (HC) in mediastinum is very rare. To the best of our knowledge, a case with multiple HCs in mediastinum is not reported already. We herein report a case of multiple HCs of the mediastinum and liver in a - 50 year-old woman presented with chest pain, cough and dyspnea for about two years. She had been treated for tuberculosis for 20 years. Chest CT scan showed multiple cysts in posterior mediastinum and one cyst in left lobe of liver. Via right posterolateral thoracotomy, multiple cysts were excised in mediastinum. And then, hepatic left lobe cyst was removed trans-diaphragmatically. Histopathologic examination confirmed HCs. Despite its rarity, primary HCs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal multiple cystic lesions in endemic regions. PMID:20067057

  1. Tuberculosis of symphysis pubis: A case report

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    Sanjay Meena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Symphysis pubis is an uncommon site of tuberculosis and only few cases have been reported in the literature. It is important to distinguish it from the more common entities like Osteitis pubis and Osteomyelitis of pubis symphysis to prevent delay in diagnosis and minimize morbidity and prevent complications. We report a rare case of tuberculosis of symphysis pubis in a 50-year-old Indian female from low socioeconomic status. Diagnosis is not difficult if one is aware of the condition. A high index of suspicion along with radiograph and fine needle aspiration led to the diagnosis. The patient had an excellent outcome following a complete course of anti-tuberculous chemotherapy for tuberculosis.

  2. Tuberculosis of symphysis pubis: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meena, Sanjay; Gangary, Shreesh Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Symphysis pubis is an uncommon site of tuberculosis and only few cases have been reported in the literature. It is important to distinguish it from the more common entities like Osteitis pubis and Osteomyelitis of pubis symphysis to prevent delay in diagnosis and minimize morbidity and prevent complications. We report a rare case of tuberculosis of symphysis pubis in a 50-year-old Indian female from low socioeconomic status. Diagnosis is not difficult if one is aware of the condition. A high index of suspicion along with radiograph and fine needle aspiration led to the diagnosis. The patient had an excellent outcome following a complete course of anti-tuberculous chemotherapy for tuberculosis. PMID:25767530

  3. KLIPPEL TRENAUNAY SYNDROME : A CASE REPORT

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    Sonali

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, but it is the most common condition involving combined vascular malformation. KTS was first described by two French Physicians, Klippel and Trenaunay in 1900. (1 Incidence of KTS reported is approximately 2 to 5 cases per 100, 000 live births. ( 2,3 KTS generally affects a single extremity, although cases of multiple affected limbs have been reported. The leg is most common site followed by the arms, the trunk, and rarely the head and neck. The original description of KTS included limb hypertrophy, varicose veins and vascular (Port wine nevus, which were characterised as a clinical triad. Hemangiomatosis is the most frequent finding in these patients and is usually present at birth . ( 4 KTS is also known as angio - osteohypertrophy syndrome, congenital dysplastic angiopathy or klippel trenaunay weber syndrome.

  4. Retropharyngeal internal carotid artery: case report

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    Figueiredo, Ricardo Rodrigues

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Variations to the course of carotid arteries may lead to abnormal pharyngeal protrusions, to which the otorhinolaryngologist should always attentive. Objective: To report a case of abnormal pharyngeal protrusion due to vascular anomaly in the course of the internal carotid artery, with literature review. Case Report: A 73- year-old woman complained of globus pharyngeus and intermittent dysphonia. A pulsating convexity was observed at the right part of the oropharynx, associated to laryngoscopic signals of pharyngo-laryngeal reflux. The pharyngeal computed tomography scan showed an abnormal tortuous internal carotid in the retropharyngeal space. The patient was sent to the vascular surgeon, who, after a normal blood flow finding at the Doppler, opted for an expectation conduct. The pharyngeal symptoms improved with the antireflux treatment. Final Comments: Internal carotid vascular anomalies must always be recalled in the pharyngeal wall convexity differential diagnosis.

  5. Radix entomolaris – A case report

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    Felipe Davini

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A comprehensive knowledge on the root canal anatomy is a basic prerequisite for the endodontic treatment successful. Mandibular molars may have an additional root located lingually (radix entomolaris or buccally (radix paramolaris. In the literature, this anatomy variation is considered rare in Caucasian populations. Awareness and understanding of the presence of unusual external and internal root canal morphology contributes to the successful outcome of the root canal treatment. Objective and case report: The purpose of this study was to report a clinical case of successful endodontic treatment in a mandibular molar with pulp necrosis and characterized as radix entomolaris in which the use of magnification and ultrasonic tips (the “microsonics concept” was fundamental to the management of the variations in the internal anatomy. Conclusion: A better understanding of the root canal morphology is essential for endodontic treatment success, as well as the use of technologic advancements in Endodontics including computed tomography, ultrasonic tips and the operating microscope.

  6. Spinal cord cysticercosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouree, Patrice; Dumazedier, Deborah; Bisaro, Francine; Resende, Paula; Comoy, Jean; Aghakhani, Nozar

    2006-12-01

    Cysticercosis caused by the infection with the larva of Taenia solium, common through out the world, is located in the muscles, the eyes and the central nervous system, but mostly in the brain. Spinal cord infection is rare. The authors report a case of a young girl, living in Paris who had traveled in Latin America, and complained of back pains and troublesome walking. MRI showed a cyst in spinal cord, but other examinations were normal. Diagnosis was confirmed by a pathologist. It was a pure intramedullary cysticercosis, the check-up to find other locations was negative. Only approximately 130 cases are reported in the literature, with motor and sensory disorders. The diagnosis was based on MRI and pathological examination. Antiparasitic medical treatment was useful when combined with surgery. PMID:17153691

  7. Case Report: Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maneval, Rhonda E; Clemence, Bonnie J

    2016-01-01

    Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a greater risk for developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Patients admitted to the hospital with IBD flares often require insertion of long-term venous access devices, such as peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), to provide access for medications, blood draws, fluid management, and nutrition. PICCs have been associated with an increased risk for upper extremity deep vein thrombosis. In this case study analysis, 2 patients with IBD and PICCs who developed VTE are examined. The case report includes a thorough discussion of medical history, symptomology, PICC insertion, and events leading to VTE development. A review of acquired risk factors for IBD patients and a comparison of risk factors that predisposed each to VTE are explored. These cases highlight the need for nurses and physicians to heighten surveillance and engage in proactive strategies to prevent VTE in this population of patients. PMID:27074991

  8. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: Report of 2 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo; Cho, Bong Hae; Jung, Yun Hoa [Pusan National Univ. College of Dentistry, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-12-15

    Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NS) was defined by Abrams et al. in 1973 as a reactive necrotizing inflammatory process involving minor salivary glands of the hard palate. Before that recognition, many patients with this condition had been improperly treated because of its clinical and histologic resemblance to malignancy such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. We report two cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia. One case involved a 58-year-old male who had an ulcerative palatal lesion exposing underlying bone which has the typical features of the above mentioned condition. Another case involved a 59-year-old male who developed a necrotizing sialometaplasia in association with a dome-shaped palatal swelling which was proves as an adenoid cystic carcinoma after operation biopsy.

  9. Necrotizing sialometaplasia: Report of 2 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NS) was defined by Abrams et al. in 1973 as a reactive necrotizing inflammatory process involving minor salivary glands of the hard palate. Before that recognition, many patients with this condition had been improperly treated because of its clinical and histologic resemblance to malignancy such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. We report two cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia. One case involved a 58-year-old male who had an ulcerative palatal lesion exposing underlying bone which has the typical features of the above mentioned condition. Another case involved a 59-year-old male who developed a necrotizing sialometaplasia in association with a dome-shaped palatal swelling which was proves as an adenoid cystic carcinoma after operation biopsy

  10. Sarcoidosis (Heerfordt syndrome): a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamme, Tiia; Leibur, Edvitar; Kulla, Andres

    2007-01-01

    We report the case of a 22-year-old woman who is suspected of having primary Sjögren s syndrome. She complaining of bilateral swelling of eyelids and the parotid glands of three weeks duration. Physical examination revealed a bilateral enlargement of both parotid glands, which were solid and painful. Sjögren s syndrome was suspected at that stage, and the serologic and specific analysis were done. All these tests didn t find any autoimmune or visceral features typical of Sjögren s syndrome and autoantibodies were negative. During follow-up time the right facial nerve palsy developed. Pulmonary radiography revealed bihilar lymphadenopathy and labial salivary gland biopsy revealed non-caseating granuloma. The patient was classified as having stage I sarcoidosis. This case demonstrates the importance of being aware of the leading clinical signs and symptoms in case of Heerfordt syndrome. PMID:17637529

  11. Two cases report of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do; Lee, Wan; Paeng, Jun Young; Lee, Jun; Choi, Moon Ki [School of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Wonkwang Dental Research Institute, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of); Son, Hyun Jin [Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-09-15

    The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a rare disorder of the jaws and shows various radiographic features. The purpose of this study is to describe the different radiographic appearances of 2 cases of COC. Case 1 was located in the posterior maxilla extending into maxillary sinus, showing unilocular radiolucency with a well-defined margin. Cortical bone expansion and thinning were prominent. Root resorption of adjacent teeth was apparent. Case 2 showed unilocular radiolucency with a calcified material. Calcification was supposed to be dystrophic dental hard structures, detected at the periphery of the lesion. Ghost cell and proliferation of ameloblastoma-like tissues were common features for these two lesions on histopathological findings. This reports presented common and atypical radiographic features of the COC.

  12. Fournier's Gangrene: Report of 2 Cases

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    Prasan Kumar Hota

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fournier's gangrene is a very serious surgical emergency seen all over the world. With the newer advancement of surgical techniques and critical care medicine, the mortality and morbidity of this disease has come down significantly over a period of time. An early diagnosis including evaluation of predisposing and etiological factors, metabolic and physiological parameters with prompt resuscitation, aggressive surgical debridement, broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage, and continuous monitoring of all the parameters is essential for a good outcome, therefore reducing the high mortality and morbidity of this condition. In this study, we report 2 different cases of Fournier gangrene. Our first case was a young, nondiabetic, and without any multiorgan failure, who was managed successfully with good outcome. The second case was a 67-year-old man with diabetes and multiorgan dysfunction with extensive gangrene at presentation, who recovered well, but with a stormy postoperative period.

  13. Two cases report of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a rare disorder of the jaws and shows various radiographic features. The purpose of this study is to describe the different radiographic appearances of 2 cases of COC. Case 1 was located in the posterior maxilla extending into maxillary sinus, showing unilocular radiolucency with a well-defined margin. Cortical bone expansion and thinning were prominent. Root resorption of adjacent teeth was apparent. Case 2 showed unilocular radiolucency with a calcified material. Calcification was supposed to be dystrophic dental hard structures, detected at the periphery of the lesion. Ghost cell and proliferation of ameloblastoma-like tissues were common features for these two lesions on histopathological findings. This reports presented common and atypical radiographic features of the COC.

  14. Usher Syndrome: Case Reports of Two Siblings

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    Raman Prasad Sah, B.Optom

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Usher syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital sensory neural deafness and progressive visual loss secondary to retinitis pigmentosa. There are three different types of Usher syndrome. Retinitis pigmentosa is the main ophthalmic manifestation shared by all three. Differences in auditory and vestibular function are the distinguishing feature. Case Reports: Two brothers, 13 and 16 years of age, presented with chief complaints of progressive diminution of vision in both eyes, especially at night. They underwent a detailed evaluation which included dilated fundus examination, cycloplegic refraction, multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG, optical coherence tomography, visual evoked potential, and Goldmann perimetry. The evaluation revealed best corrected visual acuity of 6/12 and 6/9 in each case despite the presence of bony spicules and abolished mfERG amplitudes. The clinical findings supported the diagnosis of Usher syndrome Type I. Discussion: Early detection and intervention will help preserve residual vision in these cases.

  15. Latex allergy in dentistry: clinical cases report

    OpenAIRE

    Raggio, D.P.; Camargo, L.B.; Naspitz, G.M.C.C.; Politano, G.T.; Bonifacio, C.C.; Mendes, F.M.; Kierstman, F.

    2010-01-01

    Generally natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy is detected after some exposition to the material. As NRL is commonly found in different materials used daily in dental clinic, the allergy can be manifested in the pediatric dentistry clinic. The first clinical manifestation can be smooth but also severe, therefore it is important to know different manifestations and how to prevent them. Objective: Report two clinical cases of natural rubber latex allergy in children and to present the safety meas...

  16. Mucopolysaccharidosis I, Hurler syndrome: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Milagros Amorín; Andrea Carlin; Ana Prötzel

    2015-01-01

    Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) is a rare, recessively inherited, lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency on the enzyme α-L-iduronidase. This defect results in accumulation of heparan and dermatan sulfate in different tissues and organs due to a deficiency in the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans. The overall incidence of MPS I is 0.99-1.99/100.000 live births. There are three clinical presentations: Hurler (severe), Hurler Scheie (mild) and Scheie (mild). We report the case of a...

  17. Benign Episodic Unilateral Mydriasis (Case Report

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    Eylem Değirmenci

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Benign episodic unilateral mydriasis is a descriptive situation with recurrent unilateral mydriasis in adult people especially women with migraine. A 20 year-old man who presented with paroxysmal left pupil mydriasis and diagnosed as benign episodic unilateral mydriasis after the examinations to exclude the other reasons of anisocoria was reported. In such cases to keep in mind the benign causes of mydriasis would be helpful to avoid unnecessary invasive tests.

  18. Menetrier's disease in childhood: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hypertrophic gastritis was described by Menetrier in 1888, and can be divided into two anatomical categories: occurrence of polyps and gastric mucosa hypertrophy. Menetrier's disease of the stomach affects mostly adults and occurs less frequently in children (less than 100 cases in the literature). The authors report the imaging findings in a child with Menetrier's disease, and present a brie review of the literature. (author)

  19. Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Mummolo, Stefano; Marchetti, Enrico; Di Martino, Salvatore; Scorzetti, Luisa; Marzo, Giuseppe

    2010-01-01

    The clinical case of an unusual ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) was reported. The patient’s clinical chart as well as preoperative and postoperative radiographs and histological findings of a 20-year old man that addressed Dental Clinic at University of L’Aquila were thoroughly reviewed. The patient showed a swelling in the oral cavity and radiographic feature of a radiolucent lesion at left second premolar maxillary site. Histologic examination made diagnosis of AFO. AFO is a rare mixed od...

  20. A case report of evans syndrome

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    R V Dosi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Evans Syndrome (ES is the rare simultaneous or subsequent development of immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA. It portends a poorer prognosis and a more aggressive line of management than either condition presenting alone. Here we report a case of a young female who presented with both bleeding and acute decompensated anemia. Although she was successfully treated, mystery still shrouds the etiology, pathophysiology, as well as line of management of this rare and enigmatic disease.

  1. Solitary Primary Leptomeningeal Glioma: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Young Goo; Kim, Eui Hyun; Kim, Se Hoon; Chang, Jong Hee

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of solitary primary leptomeningeal glioma. The mass was totally removed under awake surgery. Intraoperatively, no parenchymal involvement was noted. Histopathological study revealed a predominant anaplastic oligodendroglioma component and a focal anaplastic astrocytoma component, which was consistent with an anaplastic oligoastrocytoma. Adjuvant tomotherapy was followed and the tumor has not recurred until 12 months after surgery. A focal type of primary leptomeningeal glioma...

  2. Cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Inès Nacef; Skander Kedous; Zied Attia; Slim Touati; Said Gritli

    2012-01-01

    Nerve tumors arising from the sympathetic chain are uncommon slow-growing tumors and represent a diagnosis challenge. Their malignant degeneration is rare. Definitive pre-operative diagnosis may be difficult as investigations are not usually helpful. We report the case of a 23-year old woman who presented with an asymptomatic solitary left cervical swelling. She was evaluated with sonography and computed tomography. Complete surgical excision of the lesion was carried out and histologic exami...

  3. Primary pleuropulmonary synovial sarcoma: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan, Lianfang; Guan, Zhiyu; Dai, Xuan; Jie XU

    2015-01-01

    Pleuropulmonary synovial sarcoma (PPSS) is an extremely rare malignant tumor, which is increasingly recognized as a subtype of sarcoma with a distinctive chromosomal translocation specific to synovial sarcoma. It is often presents like any thoracic tumor with symptoms such as chest pain or cough. Here we report a case of PPSS in a 49-year-old woman presenting with cough, shortness of breath and chest pain. And who were found upon histologic examination of the resection specimen to have cystic...

  4. Ectopic Mediastinal Parathyroid Adenoma: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Umut Mousa; Dalokay Kılıç; Yahya Ekici

    2012-01-01

    Parathyroid adenomas comprise the majority of cases of primary hyperparathyroidism. Most of these adenomas are located near the lower poles of the thyroid glands, however, mediastinal, intrathyroidal, retroesophageal and intrathymic localizations have been reported. Preoperative imaging is very important for localization of the parathyroid adenomas. The most effective imaging method in localizing ectopic parathyroid adenomas is Technetium-99m sestamibi scintigraphy. Even when localized by sci...

  5. Argyria - Case report Argiria - Relato de caso

    OpenAIRE

    André Lencastre; Maria Lobo; Alexandre João

    2013-01-01

    A 70-year-old male rural worker was referred to our clinic with widespread grey pigmentation of the skin and nails. The condition had been asymptomatic for its entire duration (5 years). He reported past intranasal application of 10% Silver Vitellinate. A skin biopsy was performed and histology corroborated the clinical diagnosis of Argyria. This case represents a currently rare dermatological curiosity. Although silver colloids and salts have been withdrawn and/or banned by some drug surveil...

  6. Intralobar pulmonary sequestration: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the case of a 49-year-old patient with repeated lung infections. Chest x-rays showed a mass in the posterior basal segment of the right lung. Angio tomography and 3D reconstructions showed a blood supply coming from the descending aorta. The analysis of the surgical specimen confirmed the occurrence of intra lobar pulmonary sequestration with a cavitation filled with mucus. (author)

  7. Breast carcinoma en Cuirasse - Case report*

    OpenAIRE

    de Oliveira, Gabriela Mantovanelli; Zachetti, Daniele Bueno Carvalho; Barros, Hugo Rocha; Tiengo, Adriana; Romiti, Ney

    2013-01-01

    Cutaneous metastasis is a phenomenon that results from a tumor spreading via lymphatic or vascular embolization, direct implant during surgery or skin involvement by contiguity. The primary malignant tumor that most commonly metastasizes to the skin in women is breast cancer, which can be manifested through papulonodular lesions, erysipeloid or sclerodermiform infiltration, en cuirasse. We report the case of a female patient, 78 years old, with papular, scaly and confluent lesions in the righ...

  8. TUBERCULOSIS OF THE PATELLA (A CASE REPORT

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    Ahmed

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Isolated involvement of patella as extra pulmonary Tuberculosis is very rare. We report a rare case of Tuberculosis patella in an eight yea r old baby girl. She was complaining of pain, swelling and joint stiff ness around her right knee. Diagnosis was based on biopsy. She was treated by surgical debridement and curettage, Anti-tubercu lar treatment (ATT with early mobilization of joint.

  9. Natal Teeth: A Case Report and Reappraisal

    OpenAIRE

    Malki,Ghadah A.; Al-Badawi, Emad A.; Dahlan, Mohammad A.

    2015-01-01

    The presence of teeth at birth (natal teeth) or within a month after delivery (neonatal teeth) is a rare condition. Natal and neonatal teeth are conditions of significant importance to pediatric dentists and pediatricians. This report discusses a case in which a five-day-old infant required extraction of a mobile mandibular natal tooth to avoid the risk of aspiration and interference with feeding. Also, a review of the literature was conducted to discuss the etiology, clinical features, compl...

  10. A CASE REPORT OF UNILATERAL GYN ECOMASTIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreedevi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gyn ecomastia presents as abnormal hypertrophy of mammary tissue in a male , resembling female breast. There is hypertrophy and elongation of the ducts with considerable fibrosis. Gyn ecomastia is usually bilateral and due to hormonal influence which can regress. But unilateral gyn ecomastia is uncommon and it is a red flag for excluding male breast carcinoma. In this case report , the patient pre sented with unilateral left gyn ecomastia

  11. Niemann Pick type A, a case report

    OpenAIRE

    M. Qasemi; F. Mojtahedzadeh

    2006-01-01

    Niemann Pick type A is a very rare hereditary disease with an incidence 1 in 20000-40000 live birth, which is calassified as a shingolipidoses.The disease is marked by the abnormal accumulation of sphingomyelin in most tissues, secondary to sphingomylinase deficiency.The most clinical manifestations are:Splenohepatomegaly–cherry red maculae-neuropathologic findings .This is a case report of an infant with clinical manifestation of Niemann Pick disease type A.

  12. Ovarian hydatid cyst: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Cattorini, L.; Trastulli, S.; Milani, D.; Cirocchi, R.; Giovannelli, G.; Avenia, N; Sciannameo, F.

    2011-01-01

    Discovering an hydatid cyst in pelvic region, especially as primary localization, is a rare event; as a matter of fact according to data provided by literature the incidence is between 0.2 and 2.25%. The ovarian involvement is often secondary to a cyst's dissemination localized in a different site. When possible the optimal treatment is represented by radical laparotomic cystectomy. We report a case of an old woman affected by this pathology that we have treated with a cyst's marsupialization...

  13. Single atrium - a rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    Jyoti Prasad Kalita; Manuj Kumar Saikia; Amitav Sharma; Biswajeet Saikia; Gautam Chandra Das

    2016-01-01

    Single atrium is a rare congenital heart disease in which there is developmental absence of both septum primum and secondum part of atrial septum. Present study reports a case of an adolescent female patient with single atrium without any endocardial cushion defect and other variety of congenital heart disease. Clinically the patient presented with features of congestive heart failure. She underwent successful surgical separation of atrium. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(7.000): 3074-3076

  14. Case Report : Intrauterin Sonographic Fndings Of Acrania

    OpenAIRE

    Köseoğlu, Kutsi; Dayanır, Yelda; Keçeli, Merter; Odabaşı, Alirıza

    2003-01-01

    Acrania (exencephaly) is a rare developmental abnormality characterized by partial or complete absence of the cranium with nearly complete development of brain tissue. Acrania can be differentiated sonographically from anencephaly by the presence of cortical brain tissue. We report two cases of acrania which are detected by transabdominal sonography in the 14th-15th weeks of gestation and sonographic findings of acrania and anencephaly are discussed. Key words: Acrania, Ex...

  15. Toxic Myocarditis after Scorpion Envenomation: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Karakurt, Cemşit; KOÇAK, Gülendam

    2007-01-01

    Altough scorpions have a worldwide distribution, scorpion sting is an acute life-threating medical emergency condition in African Countries, India, Egypt, Middle- East, Israel and tropical countries. Some studies show that 50 per cent of scorpion envenomed children were diagnosed as having myocarditis. Because the scorpion sting is an acute life threatining medical problem in summer and dry seasons in South and South- Eastern regions of our country, we want to report our two cases who ad...

  16. Clonazepam induced maculopapular rash: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mabu Shareef

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine with prominent anticonvulsant action than other members of the group at equisedating doses. It especially blocks pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures. Other important actions include anxiolysis. Common adverse effects to Clonazepam include drowsiness and lethargy. In this submission we report a case of Clonazepam induced maculopapular rash in a 30 year old female treated for panic disorder. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2013; 2(5.000: 647-649

  17. Clonazepam induced maculopapular rash: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    S. Mabu Shareef; P. Sai Krishna; Naser A. Tadvi; C. Dinesh M. Naidu

    2013-01-01

    Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine with prominent anticonvulsant action than other members of the group at equisedating doses. It especially blocks pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures. Other important actions include anxiolysis. Common adverse effects to Clonazepam include drowsiness and lethargy. In this submission we report a case of Clonazepam induced maculopapular rash in a 30 year old female treated for panic disorder. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2013; 2(5.000): 647-649

  18. Subcutaneous filariasis: An unusual case report

    OpenAIRE

    Valand Arvindbhai; Pandya Bhanumati; Patil Yoganand; Patel Lalita

    2007-01-01

    Wuchereria bancrofti presented in subcutaneous nodule is a very rare presentation. Wuchereria bancrofti first reported by Bancrofti in Brisbane in 1876 and the name filaria Bancrofti was given in 1877 and the generic name was given in 1878. A 15-year-old male patient′s known case of pulmonary Koch′s with incidentally detected subcutaneous nodule on right arm pit, cytology from the nodule shows many sheathed microfilaria along with segment of an adult female worm. Wet mount pe...

  19. Schwannomatosis: report of a new case

    OpenAIRE

    Nélida S. Garretto; David Monteverde; Héctor Giócoli; Blanca I. Ravera; Hugo A. Molina; Ana Perurena Garayalde; Antonia Ruiz León; Roberto E. P. Sica

    1992-01-01

    Schwannomatosis is a rare disorder, still not quite well defined, seldom described in the literature. In this paper we report the case of male. Patient, 52 years old, who in the last 30 years developed five subcutaneous tumors within his limbs peripheral nerves, which histologically proved to be schwannomas. A brain computed tomography showed a partially calcified tumor in the left temporal lobe which most likely was a meningioma. A thorough clinical examination was unable to find signs of ty...

  20. Bronchial stenosis after tuberculosis - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report a case of bronchial stenosis after pulmonary tuberculosis infection in a 46 year-old man presenting symptoms related to upper left lobe collapse, that was identified by chest roentgenograms. The evaluation by computed tomography showed narrowing of the left main bronchus and obliteration of the upper left bronchus. The patient had a postero-lateral thoracotomy, lower left bronchus and left main bronchus bronchoplasty, with upper left lobectomy. (author)

  1. Schwannoma of the stomach: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of exogastric schwannoma of the stomach in 41-years-old male patient with papable mass in left upper abdomen. Upper Gl series revealed extrinsic compression on the greater curvature of the stomach. CT scan showed a low density mass attached to greater curvature of the stomach with inhomogeneous contrast enhancement in the mass lesion. The mass was removed by surgery, and confirmed pathologically as schwannoma arising from the stomach

  2. Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa - Report of three cases

    OpenAIRE

    Sengupta Sujata; Gangopadhyay Asok; Das Jayanta

    2005-01-01

    Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa, a genetic mechanobullous disease, is characterized by pruritus, lichenified or nodular prurigo-like lesions, occasional trauma-induced blistering, excoriations, milia, nail dystrophy and albopapuloid lesions, appearing at birth or later. Scarring and prurigo are most prominent on the shins. Treatment is unsatisfactory. We report three such cases: two of them first cousins, are described with history of blisters since childhood, followed by intensely pruritic...

  3. Irritation fibroma of tongue: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhir Kumar Vujhini

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Reactive hyperplastic outgrowths are seen in the oral cavity due to chronic irritation by plaque, calculus, overhanging margins, trauma and dental appliances. Irritation fibroma represents a reactive focal fibrous hyperplasia due to trauma or local irritation. We report a case of irritation fibroma of right lateral border of tongue in a 46-year-old female. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(4.000: 1272-1273

  4. Irritation fibroma of tongue: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Sudhir Kumar Vujhini; E. Sridhar Reddy; Sudheer, M. V. S.; Hari Krishna Katikaneni

    2016-01-01

    Reactive hyperplastic outgrowths are seen in the oral cavity due to chronic irritation by plaque, calculus, overhanging margins, trauma and dental appliances. Irritation fibroma represents a reactive focal fibrous hyperplasia due to trauma or local irritation. We report a case of irritation fibroma of right lateral border of tongue in a 46-year-old female. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(4.000): 1272-1273

  5. ACTH-Secreting Pheochromocytoma. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N S Kuznetsov

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic hormone-secreting pheochromocytomas are rare. Only case reports exist in the literature. Despite the large number of guides on diagnosis and treatment of pheochromocytoma, and Cushing syndrome, the extreme rarity of ectopic ACTH-syndrome caused by pheochromocytoma, and complexity of clinical cause numerous diagnostic errors leading to treatment failure. Therefore, we belive it appropriate to share our experience of this group of patients.

  6. Locked - in syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Luján-Ramos Vanesa; Monterrosa-Salazar Erika; Polo-Verbel Luis

    2011-01-01

    The Locked-In Syndrome is an infrequent disease in our community. It is a destructiveprocess usually due to obstruction of the basilar artery. There is interruption of thedescending corticobulbar and corticospinal tracts, leaving uninvolved the fibers thatcontrol the blinking and the vertical ocular movements (allowing patient to communicate)and the ascending reticular matter. Case report: a 63 years old woman, with ahistory of hypertension and stroke, who suddenly develop dysartria, hemipare...

  7. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome: case report and discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Chandran, Geethan J; Mikler, John R.; Keegan, David L.

    2003-01-01

    WE REPORT A CASE INVOLVING AN 81-YEAR-OLD man with schizoaffective disorder who presented with neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) after an increase in his neuroleptic dose. NMS, a rare but potentially fatal complication of neuroleptic medications (e.g., antipsychotics, sedatives and antinauseants), is characterized by hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, an elevated creatine kinase level and autonomic instability. The syndrome often develops after a sudden increase in dosage of the neuroleptic me...

  8. Cervical thoracic duct cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sang Hyun; Han, Jong Kyu; Lee, Chi Kyu; Jo, Sung Sik; Kim, Hyung Hwan; Bae, Won Kyung; Kim, Il Yung [Chunan Hospital Soonchunhyang University, Chunan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    Thoracic duct cysts are uncommon lesions that most commonly occur in the abdominal and thoracic portion of the thoracic duct: the cervical portion is the rarest location. The main causes of thoracic duct cyst are surgical injuries such as neck dissection and blunt trauma. We report here on a rare case of spontaneous cervical thoracic duct cyst that was noted on ultrasonography and CT. The thoracic duct cyst was confirmed by fine needle aspiration and it was treated by sclerotherapy.

  9. Annular Alopecia Areata: Report of Two Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Bansal, Manish; Manchanda, Kajal; Pandey, SS

    2013-01-01

    Alopecia areata (AA) is an auto-immune disorder characterized by the appearance of non-scarring bald patches affecting the hair bearing areas of the body. Scalp is the most common site of involvement. AA can affect any age group. The usual pattern of the hair loss is oval or round. We hereby, report two cases of annular and circinate pattern of AA due to its unusual morphology.

  10. Gastritis cystica profunda : a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, Joo Eun; Kim, Ho Chul; Bae, Sang Hoon; Cho, So Yeon [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Chunchon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-05-01

    Gastritis cystica profunda is an uncommon benign mass that usually occurs on the gastric side of the site of a gastroenterostomy, but has also been known to develop in which has not been operated on. We report the case of stomach a 51-years-old man with pathologically proven gastritis cystica profunda. This patient had not undergone gastric surgery CT showed a well-defined, 3cm sized, cystic mass at the gastric antrum.

  11. Systemic lupus erythematosus in pregnancy: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Radeka Gordana; Novakov-Mikić Aleksandra; Mitić Igor

    2005-01-01

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory connective tissue disease commonly diagnosed after the age of 20, mostly around the age of 30 years. It is more common in women than in men, especially during the fertile period. Women with SLE are at higher risk for spontaneous abortions, intrauterine fetal death, preeclampsia and eclampsia, preterm delivery and intrauterine growth retardation. This paper is a case report of a pregnant woman with SLE complicated with preeclampsia, ...

  12. Huge incisional hernia: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Elganainy, Ehab; Abd-Elsayed, Alaa A

    2008-01-01

    Introduction The incidence of incisional hernia depends on many factors factors including old age, sex, obesity, bowel surgery, suture type, chest infection, abdominal distension and wound infection. Case report A 55 years old woman presented at out institute, she had an operation 19 years ago – elsewhere – to remove a branched stone from her right kidney and admitted for two months into the hospital at this time as she had troubles with her surgical wound and she had repeated secondary sutur...

  13. Percutaneous drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper report one case of pancreatic pseudocyst, diagnosed by CT. Treatment was made by direct puncture through both the anterior and posterior gastric walls (percutaneous transgastric puncture). The whole procedure was oriented by CT scanning for proper positioning of the needle. The patient was discharged within one week and the catheter was removed after six weeks when the pseudocyst had been successfully drained. (author)

  14. Cystic lymphangioma of breast: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cystic lymphangioma are rare benign tumors that originate as a congenital anomaly of the lymphatic system. Their common presentation is in neck and axillary area at the birth, during infancy or early pediatric age group. Author reports an unusual case of cystic lymphangioma of breast which was diagnosed in a 32-year-old woman. The findings were very dense, sharply defined, and multilobulated masses on mammography, and multiloculated echo free lesions on ultrasonogram

  15. Cystic lymphangioma of breast: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Hyun Ja; Yun, Eun Joo; Lee, Jong Koo; Kim, Jeong Rye [Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-02-15

    Cystic lymphangioma are rare benign tumors that originate as a congenital anomaly of the lymphatic system. Their common presentation is in neck and axillary area at the birth, during infancy or early pediatric age group. Author reports an unusual case of cystic lymphangioma of breast which was diagnosed in a 32-year-old woman. The findings were very dense, sharply defined, and multilobulated masses on mammography, and multiloculated echo free lesions on ultrasonogram.

  16. Perianal Giant Condyloma Acuminatum: A Case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Rare giant condyloma acuminatum (CA) reported by this paper is an interesting unusual case in China. Giant CA is a tumor that primarily affects the genital and perianal areas. Its feature is the high rate of local recurrence and transformation into squamous cell carcinoma. Making choice of wide surgical excision and using interferon as antiviral and immunoenhancement for CA after operation, we obtain satisfactory functional and cosmetic results.

  17. Multifocal skeletal tuberculosis: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Liang; Wang, Jingcheng; Feng, Xinmin; Tao, Yuping; Yang, Jiandong; ZHANG, SHENFEI; Cai, Jun

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) of the musculoskeletal system is a rare clinical condition. Multifocal bone involvement is extremely rare and difficult to recognize. Thus, due to the diverse and atypical clinical manifestations of multifocal skeletal TB, the disease is easy to misdiagnose. In the present study, a rare case of atypical disseminated multifocal skeletal TB was reported, which exhibited uncommon findings in radiological images that were more suggestive of a hematological malignancy or metastat...

  18. Idiopathic Arterial Calcification of Infancy: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Attia, Tarek Hamed; Abd Alhamed, Mohamed Maisara; Selim, Mohamed Fouad; Haggag, Mohamed Salah; Fathalla, Diaa

    2015-01-01

    Idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by deposition of calcium along the internal elastic membrane of arteries, accompanied by fibrous thickening of the intima which causes luminal narrowing. Here we are reporting a case of idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy in a Saudi female newborn of non-consanguineous pregnant woman who had polyhydramnios. The newborn baby had severe respiratory distress, systemic hypertension and persi...

  19. CONGENITAL RADIAL DYSPLASIA: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatram Reddy

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Congenital radial dysplasia, also referred to as radial club hand , means deficiency along the preaxial or radial side of the extremity. It ranges from hypoplasia of the thumb to variou s degrees of radial hypoplasia. We present one such rare case of type 4 congenital unilateral isolated radial dysplasia with carpel anomaly , reported to our department in SVS medical C ollege, Mahabubanagar, Telangana state

  20. Neurofibromatosis, stroke and basilar impression: case report

    OpenAIRE

    PIOVESAN ELCIO JULIATO; SCOLA ROSANA HERMINIA; WERNECK LINEU CESAR; ZÉTOLA VIVIANE H. FLUMIGNAN; NÓVAK EDISON MATOS; IWAMOTO FABIO MASSAITI; PIOVESAN LICIANE MAIA

    1999-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) can virtually affect any organ, presenting most frequently with "cafe au lait" spots and neurofibromas. Vasculopathy is a known complication of NF1, but cerebrovascular disease is rare. We report the case of a 51-year-old man admitted to the hospital with a history of stroke four months before admission. On physical examination, he presented various "cafe au lait" spots and cutaneous neurofibromas. Neurologic examination demonstrated right-sided facial paralysis...