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Sample records for cascade chemokine il-8

  1. Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells expressing both chemotactic cytokines IL-8, MCP-1, RANTES and their receptors,and their selective migration to these chemokines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective To characterize the mRNA expression of CXC chemokine IL-8, CC chemokine monocyte chemothractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and regulated on activation,normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and a newly defined DC chemokine DC- CK1 as well as the expression of IL-8 receptor, MCP-1 receptor and RANTES receptor in human monocyte derived dendritic cells (MoDCs).The migratory responsiveness of MoDC to IL-8, MCP-1 and RANTES was alsso studied. Methods In vitro generated MoDCs were obtained by differentiating monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4 for 5 days. The time course of RNA expression was analyzed by RT-PCR and migratoly ability was assessed by a micromultiwell chemotaxis chamber assay. Results IL-8, MCP-1, RANTES and their corres ponding receptors were consistently expressed in MoDCs. DC-CK-1 expression was detectable efter 48 hours of differentiation. MoDC selectively migrated in response to MCP-1 and RANTES but not to IL-8 though transcripts of IL-8 receptor were present. Conclusion Because the capacity of dendritic cells to initiate immune responses depends on their specialized migratory and tissue homing properties, the expression of chemokines and their receptors along with the migratory responsiveness to chemokines of MoDC in our study suggests a potential role of chemokines in the interaction between dendritic cells and T cells and the induction of immune responses.

  2. A surface membrane protein of Entamoeba histolytica functions as a receptor for human chemokine IL-8: its role in the attraction of trophozoites to inflammation sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz-Valencia, J Daniel; Pérez-Yépez, Eloy Andrés; Ayala-Sumuano, Jorge Tonatiuh; Franco, Elizabeth; Meza, Isaura

    2015-12-01

    Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites respond to the presence of IL-8, moving by chemotaxis towards the source of the chemokine. IL-8 binds to the trophozoite membrane and triggers a response that activates signaling pathways that in turn regulate actin/myosin cytoskeleton organisation to initiate migration towards the chemokine, suggesting the presence of a receptor for IL-8 in the parasite. Antibodies directed to the human IL-8 receptor (CXCR1) specifically recognised a 29 kDa protein in trophozoite membrane fractions. The same protein was immunoprecipitated by this antibody from total amebic extracts. Peptide analysis of the immunoprecipitated protein revealed a sequence with high homology to a previously identified amebic outer membrane peroxiredoxin and a motif within the third loop of human CXCR1, which is an important site for IL-8 binding and activation of signaling processes. Immunodetection assays demonstrated that the anti-human CXCR1 antibody binds to the 29 kDa protein in a different but close site to where IL-8 binds to the trophozoite surface membrane, suggesting that human and amebic receptors for this chemokine share common epitopes. In the context of the human intestinal environment, a receptor for IL-8 could be a great advantage for E. histolytica trophozoite survival, as they could reach an inflammatory milieu containing abundant nutrients. In addition, it has been suggested that the high content of accessible thiol groups of the protein and its peroxidase activity could provide protection in the oxygen rich milieu of colonic lesions, allowing trophozoite invasion of other tissues and escape from the host immune response.

  3. Solution NMR characterization of chemokine CXCL8/IL-8 monomer and dimer binding to glycosaminoglycans: structural plasticity mediates differential binding interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Prem Raj B; Mosier, Philip D; Desai, Umesh R; Rajarathnam, Krishna

    2015-11-15

    Chemokine CXCL8/interleukin-8 (IL-8) plays a crucial role in directing neutrophils and oligodendrocytes to combat infection/injury and tumour cells in metastasis development. CXCL8 exists as monomers and dimers and interaction of both forms with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) mediate these diverse cellular processes. However, very little is known regarding the structural basis underlying CXCL8-GAG interactions. There are conflicting reports on the affinities, geometry and whether the monomer or dimer is the high-affinity GAG ligand. To resolve these issues, we characterized the binding of a series of heparin-derived oligosaccharides [heparin disaccharide (dp2), heparin tetrasaccharide (dp4), heparin octasaccharide (dp8) and heparin 14-mer (dp14)] to the wild-type (WT) dimer and a designed monomer using solution NMR spectroscopy. The pattern and extent of binding-induced chemical shift perturbation (CSP) varied between dimer and monomer and between longer and shorter oligosaccharides. NMR-based structural models show that different interaction modes coexist and that the nature of interactions varied between monomer and dimer and oligosaccharide length. MD simulations indicate that the binding interface is structurally plastic and provided residue-specific details of the dynamic nature of the binding interface. Binding studies carried out under conditions at which WT CXCL8 exists as monomers and dimers provide unambiguous evidence that the dimer is the high-affinity GAG ligand. Together, our data indicate that a set of core residues function as the major recognition/binding site, a set of peripheral residues define the various binding geometries and that the structural plasticity of the binding interface allows multiplicity of binding interactions. We conclude that structural plasticity most probably regulates in vivo CXCL8 monomer/dimer-GAG interactions and function.

  4. IL-8 as antibody therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Lone; Beurskens, Frank J; Zachariae, Claus O C

    2008-01-01

    IL-8 is a chemokine that has been implicated in a number of inflammatory diseases involving neutrophil activation. HuMab 10F8 is a novel fully human mAb against IL-8, which binds a discontinuous epitope on IL-8 overlapping the receptor binding site, and which effectively neutralizes IL-8-dependent...... human neutrophil activation and migration. We investigated whether interference in the cytokine network by HuMab 10F8 might benefit patients suffering from palmoplantar pustulosis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Treatment of patients with HuMab 10F8 was well tolerated and significantly reduced...

  5. IL-8 as antibody therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases: Reduction of clinical activity in palmoplantar pustulosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, L.; Beurskens, F.J.; Reitamo, S.;

    2008-01-01

    IL-8 is a chemokine that has been implicated in a number of inflammatory diseases involving neutrophil activation. HuMab 10F8 is a novel fully human mAb against IL-8, which binds a discontinuous epitope on IL-8 overlapping the receptor binding site, and which effectively neutralizes IL-8-dependen...... pathological conditions associated with IL-8 overproduction Udgivelsesdato: 2008/7/1...

  6. Nebulized hypertonic saline decreases IL-8 in sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Reeves, Emer P

    2011-06-01

    Inflammation within the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung is mediated by inflammatory chemokines, such as IL-8. IL-8 is protected from proteolytic degradation in the airways by binding to glycosaminoglycans, while remaining active. Evidence that increased hypertonicity of airway secretions induced by hypertonic saline treatment alters levels of IL-8 is lacking.

  7. Chemokines

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    Richard Horuk

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemokines are a family of polypeptides that direct the migration of leukocytestoward a site of infection. They play a major role in autoimmune disease and chemokine receptors have recently been found to mediate HIV-1 fusion. In this short review we examine the role of chemokines in host defence and in the pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases. We conclude by discussing various therapeutic approaches that target chemokine receptors and that could be beneficial in disease.

  8. Nebulized hypertonic saline decreases IL-8 in sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Reeves, Emer P

    2012-02-01

    RATIONALE: Inflammation within the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung is mediated by inflammatory chemokines, such as IL-8. IL-8 is protected from proteolytic degradation in the airways by binding to glycosaminoglycans, while remaining active. Evidence that increased hypertonicity of airway secretions induced by hypertonic saline treatment alters levels of IL-8 is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antiinflammatory effect of hypertonic saline (HTS) treatment within the CF lung by focusing on IL-8. METHODS: Degradation of IL-8 in CF lung secretions after treatment with glycosaminoglycan lyases and HTS was analyzed by Western blot analysis and ELISA. The ex vivo chemotactic activity of purified neutrophils in response to CF airway secretions was evaluated post nebulization of HTS (7% saline). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In vivo CF bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) IL-8 levels were significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.05). Digesting glycosaminoglycans in CF BALF displaced IL-8 from glycosaminoglycan matrices, rendering the chemokine susceptible to proteolytic cleavage. High sodium concentrations also liberate IL-8 in CF BALF in vitro, and in vivo in CF sputum from patients receiving aerosolized HTS, resulting in degradation of IL-8 and decreased neutrophil chemotactic efficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Glycosaminoglycans possess the ability to influence the chemokine profile of the CF lung by binding and stabilizing IL-8, which promotes neutrophil chemotaxis and activation. Nebulized hypertonic saline treatment disrupts the interaction between glycosaminoglycans and IL-8, rendering IL-8 susceptible to proteolytic degradation with subsequent decrease in neutrophil chemotaxis, thereby facilitating resolution of inflammation.

  9. ERβ and PEA3 co-activate IL-8 expression and promote the invasion of breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying; Chen, Li; Li, Ji-Yu; Mukaida, Naofumi; Wang, Qiaoqiao; Yang, Chen; Yin, Wen-Jin; Zeng, Xiao-Hua; Jin, Wei; Shao, Zhi-ming

    2011-03-01

    Metastasis represents the major remaining cause of mortality in human breast cancer. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a proinflammatory chemokine, plays an important role during tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. In this study, we found that IL-8 and ERβ showed positive association. Overexpression of ERβ or PEA3 could up-regulate IL-8 promoter activity, mRNA and secretion; silencing of ERβ or PEA3 decreased IL-8 mRNA and secretion. ERβ and PEA3 increased IL-8 expression through binding to the IL-8 promoter and increased cell invasion. HER2 could increase ERβ and PEA3 expression and their binding to the IL-8 promoter. We conclude that ERβ and PEA3 play important roles in tumor invasion by regulating IL-8 expression, and HER2 maybe the upstream of ERβ and PEA3 - IL-8 pathway.

  10. Effects of IL8 and immune cells on the regulation of luteal progesterone secretion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recent studies suggest that chemokines may mediate the luteolytic action of PGF2a (PGF). Our objective was to identify chemokines induced by PGF in vivo and to determine the effects of IL8 on specific luteal cell types in vitro. Midcycle cows were injected with saline or PGF, ovaries were removed ...

  11. Regulation of CXCL8/IL-8 expression by zonula occludens-1 in human breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brysse, Anne; Mestdagt, Mélanie; Polette, Myriam; Luczka, Emilie; Hunziker, Walter; Noël, Agnès; Birembaut, Philippe; Foidart, Jean-Michel; Gilles, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Accumulating data now suggest that ZO-1, once delocalized from tight junctions, could be implicated in the regulation of tumor-promoting genes. Because of their major implication in different steps of tumor progression, we investigated here the influence of ZO-1 on chemokines expression in breast cancer cells. Using GeneArray analysis to compare chemokine mRNA expression in breast tumor cells transfected with a siRNA against ZO-1, we identified CXCL-8IL-8 as a major potential target of ZO-1 signaling, being strongly downregulated following ZO-1 siRNA transfection. Examining further the relationship between ZO-1 and interleukin-8 (CXCL8/IL-8), we first showed that CXCL8/IL-8 expression correlates with a relocalization of ZO-1 in several breast cancer cell lines. Moreover, CXCL8/IL-8 is downregulated in invasive BT549 cells transfected with three different ZO-1 siRNA and overexpressed in noninvasive BT20 and SKBR3 cells transfected with vectors expressing ZO-1. We also provide evidence for an activation of the CXCL8/IL-8 promoter by ZO-1. Finally, we show that the regulation of CXCL8/IL-8 by ZO-1 is independent of the β-catenin pathway. Our results thus clearly show an implication of ZO-1 in CXCL8/IL-8 regulation. Because of the major implications of CXCL8/IL-8 in tumor invasion, such a regulation could play an important role in breast cancer progression.

  12. ATM regulation of IL-8 links oxidative stress to cancer cell migration and invasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei-Ta; Ebelt, Nancy D; Stracker, Travis H; Xhemalce, Blerta; Van Den Berg, Carla L; Miller, Kyle M

    2015-06-01

    Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein kinase regulates the DNA damage response (DDR) and is associated with cancer suppression. Here we report a cancer-promoting role for ATM. ATM depletion in metastatic cancer cells reduced cell migration and invasion. Transcription analyses identified a gene network, including the chemokine IL-8, regulated by ATM. IL-8 expression required ATM and was regulated by oxidative stress. IL-8 was validated as an ATM target by its ability to rescue cell migration and invasion defects in ATM-depleted cells. Finally, ATM-depletion in human breast cancer cells reduced lung tumors in a mouse xenograft model and clinical data validated IL-8 in lung metastasis. These findings provide insights into how ATM activation by oxidative stress regulates IL-8 to sustain cell migration and invasion in cancer cells to promote metastatic potential. Thus, in addition to well-established roles in tumor suppression, these findings identify a role for ATM in tumor progression.

  13. The expression of chemokine IL-8 and IP-10 in serum and chemokine receptor CCR5 and CXCR3 from PBMCs of HCV/HIV co-infection patients in China%趋化因子及受体与中国HCV/HIV合并感染相关性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康辉; 王亚男; 范霞; 姜拥军; 刁莹莹; 代娣; 尚红

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨趋化因子白细胞介素8(IL-8)、干扰素诱导蛋白10(IFN-inducible 10-kda protein,IP-10)及趋化因子受体CCR5、CXCR3,在丙肝病毒(HCV)单纯感染,艾滋病病毒(HIV)单纯感染和HCV/HIV合并感染过程中的表达及意义.方法:采用流式细胞术,检测HCV感染组(n=21)、HIV感染组(n=14)、HCV/HIV感染组(n=28)及正常对照组(n=30)人外周血CD4+T淋巴细胞和CD8+T淋巴细胞表面CCR5、CXCR3的表达.ELISA方法检测血清趋化因子IL-8、IP-10含量.结果:HCV感染组、HIV感染组和HCV/HIV合并感染组,血清IP-10水平都明显升高,而在合并感染组水平最高;血清IL-8水平在3组亦明显升高.HIV感染组及HCV/HIV合并感染组CD4+T细胞表面CXCR3表达显著降低(P<0.001),CD8+T细胞表面CXCR3表达显著升高(P<O.001);HCV感染组CD4+及CD8+T细胞表面CXCR3表达轻度升高,但差异不显著.HCV感染组及HCV/HIV合并感染组CD4+及CD8+T细胞表面CCR5表达显著降低(P<O.001);HIV感染组CD4+及CD8+T细胞表面CCR5表达显著升高(P<0.001).结论:中国HCV/HIV合并感染患者中,血清IL-8和IP-10水平都明显升高;受体CXCR3在CD4+T细胞表面表达降低,而在CD8+T细胞表面表达升高;受体CCR5在CD4+及CD8+T细胞表面表达降低,提示趋化因子及受体与HCV/HIV合并感染密切相关.

  14. Innate immunity in ocular Chlamydia trachomatis infection: contribution of IL8 and CSF2 gene variants to risk of trachomatous scarring in Gambians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joof Hassan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trachoma, a chronic keratoconjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, is the world's commonest infectious cause of blindness. Blindness is due to progressive scarring of the conjunctiva (trachomatous scarring leading to in-turning of eyelashes (trichiasis and corneal opacification. We evaluated the contribution of genetic variation across the chemokine and cytokine clusters in chromosomes 4q and 5q31 respectively to risk of scarring trachoma and trichiasis in a large case-control association study in a Gambian population. Methods Linkage disequilibrium (LD mapping was used to investigate risk effects across the 4q and 5q31 cytokine clusters in relation to the risk of scarring sequelae of ocular Ct infection. Disease association and epistatic effects were assessed in a population based study of 651 case-control pairs by conditional logistic regression (CLR analyses. Results LD mapping suggested that genetic effects on risk within these regions mapped to the pro-inflammatory innate immune genes interleukin 8 (IL8 and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulatory factor (CSF2 loci. The IL8-251 rare allele (IL8-251 TT was associated with protection from scarring trachoma (OR = 0.29 p = 0.027. The intronic CSF2_27348 A allele in chromosome 5q31 was associated with dose dependent protection from trichiasis, with each copy of the allele reducing risk by 37% (p = 0.005. There was evidence of epistasis, with effects at IL8 and CSF2 loci interacting with those previously reported at the MMP9 locus, a gene acting downstream to IL8 and CSF2 in the inflammatory cascade. Conclusion innate immune response SNP-haplotypes are linked to ocular Ct sequelae. This work illustrates the first example of epistatic effects of two genes on trachoma.

  15. Polymorphism in the IL-8 Gene Promoter and the Risk of Acne Vulgaris in a Pakistani Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Sabir; Iqbal, Tahir; Sadiq, Irfan; Feroz, Saima; Shafique Satti, Humayoon

    2015-08-01

    Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a well-known inflammatory chemokine and suggested to be involved in the development of acne vulgaris. This study investigates IL-8 plasma levels in acne patients and healthy controls and the molecular basis for the regulation of the IL-8 gene in a Pakistani population. Patients with acne vulgaris (n = 264) and healthy individuals (n = 264) were enrolled in this investigation. Plasma IL-8 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The genotyping for IL-8 gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Our data showed a statistically significant increase in IL-8 levels from acne patients compared with healthy subjects (154.2 ± 52.1 pg/mL in patients vs. 101.6 ± 33.5 pg/mL in controls, pA (rs4073) polymorphism was significantly higher in patients with acne compared with the control group (p=0.013). There was a significant difference between the T and A alleles from acne cases and controls (odds ratio OR=1.6,95 % CI= 1.16-2.19, p=0.003). Logistic-regression analysis showed that the increased IL-8 levels, and the IL-8-251T>A polymorphism were significantly associated with acne. Our data suggest that the elevated IL-8 levels and the IL-8-251T>A polymorphism may be associated with acne vulgaris in the study population.

  16. Interleukin (IL)-8 immunoreactivity of injured axons and surrounding oligodendrocytes in traumatic head injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Takahito; Ago, Kazutoshi; Nakamae, Takuma; Higo, Eri; Ogata, Mamoru

    2016-06-01

    Interleukin (IL)-8 has been suggested to be a positive regulator of myelination in the central nervous system, in addition to its principal role as a chemokine for neutrophils. Immunostaining for beta-amyloid precursor protein (AβPP) is an effective tool for detecting traumatic axonal injury, although AβPP immunoreactivity can also indicate axonal injury due to hypoxic causes. In this study, we examined IL-8 and AβPP immunoreactivity in sections of corpus callosum obtained from deceased patients with blunt head injury and from equivalent control tissue. AβPP immunoreactivity was detected in injured axons, such as axonal bulbs and varicose axons, in 24 of 44 head injury cases. These AβPP immunoreactive cases had survived for more than 3h. The AβPP immunostaining pattern can be classified into two types: traumatic (Pattern 1) and non-traumatic (Pattern 2) axonal injuries, which we described previously [Hayashi et al. Int. J. Legal Med. 129 (2015) 1085-1090]. Three of 44 control cases also showed AβPP immunoreactive injured axons as Pattern 2. In contrast, IL-8 immunoreactivity was detected in 7 AβPP immunoreactive and in 2 non-AβPP immunoreactive head injury cases, but was not detected in any of the 44 control cases, including the 3 AβPP immunoreactive control cases. The IL-8 immunoreactive cases had survived from 3 to 24 days, whereas those cases who survived less than 3 days (n=29) and who survived 90 days (n=1) were not IL-8 immunoreactive. Moreover, IL-8 was detected as Pattern 1 axons only. In addition, double immunofluorescence analysis showed that IL-8 is expressed by oligodendrocytes surrounding injured axons. In conclusion, our results suggest that immunohistochemical detection of IL-8 may be useful as a complementary diagnostic marker of traumatic axonal injury.

  17. Synergy between IL-8 and GM-CSF in reproductive tract epithelial cell secretions promotes enhanced neutrophil chemotaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Li; Fahey, John V; Hussey, Stephen B; Asin, Susana N; Wira, Charles R; Fanger, Michael W

    2004-07-01

    Neutrophils occur in tissues of the female reproductive tract (FRT) under non-infected conditions. These cells generally enter tissues under the influence of chemoattractants called chemokines. Primary epithelial cells (EC) from FRT were a potent source of chemokines, IL-8 being the chief neutrophil chemoattractant secreted. Blocking with neutralizing anti-IL-8 showed that IL-8 did not account for all of the chemoattraction observed. A mixture of 25 ng/mL rIL-8 and 1 ng/mL rGM-CSF mediated 2.7-fold more chemotaxis than that expected if the two agents were additive. We then found that GM-CSF was produced by EC in amounts that synergised strongly with IL-8 to enhance chemotaxis. Treatment of uterine EC conditioned medium with saturating doses of anti-IL-8 plus anti-GM-CSF antibodies produced an 84% inhibition of chemotaxis. These findings demonstrate that the majority of neutrophil chemoattractant activity produced by FRT EC results from the synergistic effects of IL-8 and GM-CSF.

  18. Combined effects of IL-8 and CXCR2 gene polymorphisms on breast cancer susceptibility and aggressiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helal Ahmed N

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL-8 is a prototype of the ELR+CXC chemokines that play an important role in the promotion and progression of many human cancers including breast cancer. We have recently showed the implication of polymorphism (-251 T/A of IL-8 gene in the susceptibility and prognosis of breast carcinoma. IL-8 acts through its CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors. CXCR2, expressed on the endothelial cells, is the receptor involved in mediating the angiogenic effects of ELR+CXC chemokines and in particular IL-8. In the current study, we investigated the susceptibility and prognostic implications of the genetic variation in CXCR2 in breast carcinoma. We also confirmed the implication of IL-8 (-251 T/A polymorphism in a larger cohort. Finally, we combined the IL-8 and CXCR2 variant alleles and analyzed their effects in breast cancer risk and prognosis. Methods We used the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction to characterize the variation of IL-8 and CXCR2 for 409 unrelated Tunisian patients with breast carcinoma and 301 healthy control subjects. To estimate the relative risks, Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using unconditional logistic regression after adjusting for the known risk factors for breast cancer. Associations of the genetic marker with the rates of breast carcinoma-specific overall survival and disease-free survival were assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results A highly significant association was found between the homozygous CXCR2 (+ 1208 TT genotype (adjusted OR = 2.89; P = 0.008 and breast carcinoma. A significantly increased risk of breast carcinoma was associated with IL-8 (-251 A allele (adjusted OR = 1.86; P = 0.001. The presence of two higher risk genotypes (the TA and TT in IL-8, and the TT in CXCR2 significantly increased the risk of developing breast carcinoma (adjusted OR = 4.15; P = 0.0004. The CXCR2 (+ 1208 T allele manifested a significant association with an

  19. The role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-8 receptors in platinum response in high grade serous ovarian carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stronach, Euan A; Cunnea, Paula; Turner, Christina; Guney, Tankut; Aiyappa, Radhika; Jeyapalan, Senthuran; de Sousa, Camila H; Browne, Alacoque; Magdy, Nesreen; Studd, James B; Sriraksa, Ruethairat; Gabra, Hani; El-Bahrawy, Mona

    2015-10-13

    Platinum based drugs are the cornerstone of chemotherapy for ovarian cancer, however the development of chemoresistance hinders its success. IL-8 is involved in regulating several pro-survival pathways in cancer. We studied the expression of IL-8 and IL-8 receptors in platinum sensitive and resistant cell lines. Using qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, both platinum sensitive (PEA1, PEO14) and resistant (PEA2, PEO23) show increased expression of IL-8 and IL-8 receptors. IL-8RA shows nuclear and cytoplasmic expression, whilst IL-8RB is present solely in the cytoplasm. Knockdown of IL-8 increased sensitivity to cisplatin in platinum sensitive and reversed platinum resistance in resistant cell lines, decreased the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and decreased inhibitory phosphorylation of pro-apoptotic Bad. IL-8 receptor antagonist treatment also enhanced platinum sensitivity. Nuclear localisation of IL-8RA was only detected in platinum resistant tumours. Inhibition of IL-8 signalling can enhance response in platinum sensitive and resistant disease. Nuclear IL-8RA may have potential as a biomarker of resistant disease.

  20. Changes of IL-8 and IL-8 mRNA after blast-fragment combined injury in dogs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Jia-chuan; YANG Zhi-huan; DONG Hong; FENG Gong; LI Xiao-yan; YIN You-guo

    2001-01-01

    To explore the characteristics and the mechanism of the blast-fragment combined injury.Methods: After the dogs were inflicted with high-velocity fragment injury on their left hindlimbs after blast injury,the IL-8 in the plasma and lung tissue supernatants were assayed with ELISA, and the expression of IL-8 mRNA in lung tissue was detected with in situ hybridization. Results: The levels of IL-8 in plasma and lung tissues were increased after blast, high velocity fragment and blast-fragment combined injuries respectively. IL-8 mRNA were upregulated after injuries. Conclusion: IL-8 may play a role in the occurrence and development of lung injury.Detecting the plasma levels of IL-8 may be quite helpful to estimate the injury.

  1. Signal pathways underlying homocysteine-induced production of MCP-1 and IL-8 in cultured human whole blood

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-kun ZENG; You-fei GUAN; Daniel G REMICK; Xian WANG

    2005-01-01

    Aim: To elucidate the mechanisms underlying homocysteine (Hcy)-induced chemokine production. Methods: Human whole blood was pretreated with inhibitors of calmodulin (CaM), protein kinase C (PKC), protein tyrosine kinase(PTK), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and NF-κB and activators of PPARγ for 60 min followed by incubation with Hcy 100 μmol/L for 32 h. The levels of mitogen chemokine protein (MCP)-1 and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Results: Inhibitors of PKC (calphostin C, 50-500 nmol/L and RO-31-8220, 10-100 nmol/L), CaM(W7, 28-280 μmol/L), ERK1/2 MAPK (PD 98059, 2-20 μmol/L), p38 MAPK(SB 203580, 0.6-6 μmol/L), JNK MAPK (curcumin, 2-10 μmol/L), and NF-κB(PDTC, 10-100 nmol/L) markedly reduced Hcy 100 μmol/L-induced production of MCP-1 and IL-8 in human cultured whole blood, but the inhibitors of PTK(genistein, 2.6-26 μmol/L and tyrphostin, 0.5-5 μmol/L) had no obvious effect on MCP-1 and IL-8 production. PPARγ activators (ciglitazone 30 μmol/L and troglitazone 10 μmol/L) depressed the Hcy-induced MCP-1 production but not IL-8 production in the cultured whole blood. Conclusion: Hcy-induced MCP-1 and IL-8 production is mediated by activated signaling pathways such as PKC,CaM, MAPK, and NF-κB. Our results not only provide clues for the signal transduction pathways mediating Hcy-induced chemokine production, but also offer a plausible explanation for a pathogenic role of hyperhomocysteinemia in these diseases.

  2. Enhanced chemosensitization in multidrug-resistant human breast cancer cells by inhibition of IL-6 and IL-8 production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Zhi; Yang, Wei-Min; Chen, Li-Pai; Yang, Dong-Hua; Zhou, Qi; Zhu, Jin; Chen, Jun-Jiang; Huang, Ruo-Chun; Chen, Zhe-Sheng; Huang, Ruo-Pan

    2012-10-01

    Drug resistance remains a major hurdle to successful cancer treatment. Many mechanisms such as overexpression of multidrug-resistance related proteins, increased drug metabolism, decreased apoptosis, and impairment of signal transduction pathway can contribute multidrug resistance (MDR). Recent studies strongly suggest a close link between cytokines and drug resistance. To identify new targets involved in drug resistance, we established a multidrug-resistant human breast cancer cell line MCF-7/R and examined the cytokine profile using cytokine antibody array technology. Among 120 cytokines/chemokines screened, IL-6, IL-8, and 13 other proteins were found to be markedly increased in drug-resistant MCF-7/R cell line as compared to sensitive MCF-7/S cell line, while 7 proteins were specifically reduced in drug-resistant MCF-7/R cells. Neutralizing antibodies against IL-6 and IL-8 partially reversed the drug resistance of MCF-7/R to paclitaxel and doxorubicin, while a neutralizing antibody against MCP-1 had no significant effect. Inhibition of endogenous IL-6 or IL-8 by siRNA technology significantly enhanced drug sensitivity of MCF-7/R cells. Furthermore, overexpression of IL-6 or IL-8 expression by transfection increased the ADM resistance in MCF-7/S cells. Our data suggest that increased expression levels of IL-6 and IL-8 may contribute to MDR in human breast cancer cells.

  3. Regulatory Effect of E2, IL-6 and IL-8 on the Growth of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Wang; Jie Yang; Yan Gao; Yongrui Du; Leyuan Bao; Wenyan Niu; Zhi Yao

    2005-01-01

    To determine the regulatory effects of estrogen and cytokine IL-6 and IL-8 on the growth of epithelial ovarian cancer (OVCA), we first examined the status of estrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ), IL-6 receptor (IL-6Rα and gp130), and IL-8 receptor (IL-8RA and IL-8RB) on five epithelial OVCA cell lines by semiquantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Results showed that the expressions of these receptors were variable on the five cells.Those OVCA cells expressing the receptors were selected to study related molecular mechanism. MTT assay was performed to observe the effects of 17β-estradiol (E2), IL-6 and IL-8 on cell proliferation. We discovered that E2 markedly promoted the proliferation of CAOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cell in a time- and dose-dependent manner.Tamoxifen (Txf), an ER inhibitor, completely blocked the proliferation of the E2-induced cells, and IL-6- or/and IL-8-neutralizing antibody only showed partially blocking activity. IL-6 and IL-8 were able to significantly stimulate CAOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner, which had a potential synergistic effect on CAOV-3 cells but not on OVCAR-3 cells. The cell proliferation induced by these two cytokines was abolished completely by their specific neutralizing antibodies, partially by Txf, but not by unrelated goat IgG.Taken together, our results suggested that estrogen, IL-6 and IL-8 could modulate OVCA growth by forming a reciprocal cascade with amplifying effect. Cellular & Molecular Immunology.

  4. Wild-Type N-Ras, Overexpressed in Basal-like Breast Cancer, Promotes Tumor Formation by Inducing IL-8 Secretion via JAK2 Activation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ze-Yi Zheng

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Basal-like breast cancers (BLBCs are aggressive, and their drivers are unclear. We have found that wild-type N-RAS is overexpressed in BLBCs but not in other breast cancer subtypes. Repressing N-RAS inhibits transformation and tumor growth, whereas overexpression enhances these processes even in preinvasive BLBC cells. We identified N-Ras-responsive genes, most of which encode chemokines; e.g., IL8. Expression levels of these chemokines and N-RAS in tumors correlate with outcome. N-Ras, but not K-Ras, induces IL-8 by binding and activating the cytoplasmic pool of JAK2; IL-8 then acts on both the cancer cells and stromal fibroblasts. Thus, BLBC progression is promoted by increasing activities of wild-type N-Ras, which mediates autocrine/paracrine signaling that can influence both cancer and stroma cells.

  5. Wild-Type N-Ras, Overexpressed in Basal-like Breast Cancer, Promotes Tumor Formation by Inducing IL-8 Secretion via JAK2 Activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Ze-Yi; Tian, Lin; Bu, Wen; Fan, Cheng; Gao, Xia; Wang, Hai; Liao, Yi-Hua; Li, Yi; Lewis, Michael T; Edwards, Dean; Zwaka, Thomas P; Hilsenbeck, Susan G; Medina, Daniel; Perou, Charles M; Creighton, Chad J; Zhang, Xiang H-F; Chang, Eric C

    2015-07-21

    Basal-like breast cancers (BLBCs) are aggressive, and their drivers are unclear. We have found that wild-type N-RAS is overexpressed in BLBCs but not in other breast cancer subtypes. Repressing N-RAS inhibits transformation and tumor growth, whereas overexpression enhances these processes even in preinvasive BLBC cells. We identified N-Ras-responsive genes, most of which encode chemokines; e.g., IL8. Expression levels of these chemokines and N-RAS in tumors correlate with outcome. N-Ras, but not K-Ras, induces IL-8 by binding and activating the cytoplasmic pool of JAK2; IL-8 then acts on both the cancer cells and stromal fibroblasts. Thus, BLBC progression is promoted by increasing activities of wild-type N-Ras, which mediates autocrine/paracrine signaling that can influence both cancer and stroma cells.

  6. Berberine hydrochloride IL-8 dependently inhibits invasion and IL-8-independently promotes cell apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiang; Zhao, Shu-Juan; Shi, Hai-Lian; Qiu, Shui-Ping; Xie, Jian-Qun; Wu, Hui; Zhang, Bei-Bei; Wang, Zheng-Tao; Yuan, Jian-Ye; Wu, Xiao-Jun

    2014-12-01

    Breast cancer, the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide in females, has high metastastic and recurrence rates. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-metastatic and anticancer in situ effect of berberine hydrochloride (BER) in MDA-MB-231 cells. BER dose-dependently inhibited proliferation and the IL-8 secretion of MDA-MB-231 cells. Additional experiments revealed that the inactivation of PI3K, JAK2, NF-κB and AP-1 by BER contributed to the decreased IL-8 secretion. BER abrogated cell invasion induced by IL-8 accompanied with the downregulation of the gene expression of MMP-2, EGF, E-cadherin, bFGF and fibronectin. In addition, BER reduced cell motility but induced G2/M arrest and cell apoptosis in an IL-8‑independent manner. BER modulated multiple signaling pathway molecules involved in the regulation of cell apoptosis, including activation of p38 MAPK and JNK and deactivation of JAK2, p85 PI3K, Akt and NF-κB. The enhanced cell apoptosis induced by BER was eliminated by inhibitors of p38 MAPK and JNK but was strengthened by activator of p38 MAPK. Thus, BER inhibited cell metastasis partly through the IL-8 mediated pathway while it induced G2/M arrest and promoted cell apoptosis through the IL-8 independent pathway. Apoptosis induced by BER was mediated by crosstalks of various pathways including activation of p38 MAPK and JNK pathways and inactivation of Jak2/PI3K/NF-κB/AP-1 pathways. The results suggested that BER may be an efficient and safe drug candidate for treating highly metastatic breast cancer.

  7. A C-Terminal Coiled-Coil Region of CagL is Responsible for Helicobacter Pylori-Induced Il-8 Expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiedemann, Tobias; Hofbaur, Stefan; Loell, Eva; Rieder, Gabriele

    2016-09-29

    Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent neutrophil-activating chemokine which triggers the infiltration and migration of neutrophils into areas of bacterial infection. Helicobacter pylori-infected patient studies as well as animal models have revealed that H. pylori type I strains carrying an intact cytotoxin-associated gene pathogenicity island (cag-PAI) with a functional type IV secretion system (T4SS) induce IL-8 expression and secretion in gastric mucosa. This gastric mucosal IL-8 expression correlates with severe histological changes due to H. pylori infection. In the present study, we explored a new recognition pattern on the bacterial adhesion protein CagL inducing IL-8 expression in H. pylori-infected host cells. To analyze the secreted IL-8 concentration, we performed IL-8 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To investigate the H. pylori-induced IL-8 expression on the transcriptional level, we transiently transfected gastric epithelial cells (AGS) with a human IL-8 luciferase reporter construct. The results of this study demonstrate that specifically the C-terminal coiled-coil region of the H. pylori CagL protein, a protein described to be located on the tip of the T4SS-pilus, is responsible for several in vitro observations: 1) H. pylori-induced IL-8 secretion via the transforming growth factor (TGF)-α activated epidermal growth factor-receptor (EGF-R) signaling pathway; 2) H. pylori-induced elongation of the cells, a typical CagA-induced phenotype; and 3) the bridging of the T4SS to its human target cells. This novel bacterial-host recognition sequence allows a new insight into how H. pylori induces the inflammatory response in gastric epithelial cells and facilitates the development of precancerous conditions.

  8. A C-Terminal Coiled-Coil Region of CagL is Responsible for Helicobacter Pylori-Induced Il-8 Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiedemann, Tobias; Hofbaur, Stefan; Loell, Eva; Rieder, Gabriele

    2016-01-01

    Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent neutrophil-activating chemokine which triggers the infiltration and migration of neutrophils into areas of bacterial infection. Helicobacter pylori-infected patient studies as well as animal models have revealed that H. pylori type I strains carrying an intact cytotoxin-associated gene pathogenicity island (cag-PAI) with a functional type IV secretion system (T4SS) induce IL-8 expression and secretion in gastric mucosa. This gastric mucosal IL-8 expression correlates with severe histological changes due to H. pylori infection. In the present study, we explored a new recognition pattern on the bacterial adhesion protein CagL inducing IL-8 expression in H. pylori-infected host cells. To analyze the secreted IL-8 concentration, we performed IL-8 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To investigate the H. pylori-induced IL-8 expression on the transcriptional level, we transiently transfected gastric epithelial cells (AGS) with a human IL-8 luciferase reporter construct. The results of this study demonstrate that specifically the C-terminal coiled-coil region of the H. pylori CagL protein, a protein described to be located on the tip of the T4SS-pilus, is responsible for several in vitro observations: 1) H. pylori-induced IL-8 secretion via the transforming growth factor (TGF)-α activated epidermal growth factor-receptor (EGF-R) signaling pathway; 2) H. pylori-induced elongation of the cells, a typical CagA-induced phenotype; and 3) the bridging of the T4SS to its human target cells. This novel bacterial-host recognition sequence allows a new insight into how H. pylori induces the inflammatory response in gastric epithelial cells and facilitates the development of precancerous conditions. PMID:27766167

  9. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced IL-8 expression in gastric epithelial cells: role of reactive oxygen species and AP endonuclease-1/redox factor (Ref)-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hara, Ann M; Bhattacharyya, Asima; Bai, Jie; Mifflin, Randy C; Ernst, Peter B; Mitra, Sankar; Crowe, Sheila E

    2009-06-01

    TNF-alpha contributes to oxidative stress via induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The molecular basis of this is not well understood but it is partly mediated through the inducible expression of IL-8. As redox factor-1 (Ref-1), is an important mediator of redox-regulated gene expression we investigated whether ROS and Ref-1 modulate TNF-alpha-induced IL-8 expression in human gastric epithelial cells. We found that TNF-alpha treatment of AGS cells enhanced nuclear expression of Ref-1 and potently induced IL-8 expression. Overexpression of Ref-1 enhanced IL-8 gene transcription at baseline and after TNF-alpha treatment whereas Ref-1 suppression and antioxidant treatment inhibited TNF-alpha-stimulated IL-8 expression. TNF-alpha-mediated enhancement of other pro-inflammatory chemokines like MIP-3 alpha and Gro-alpha was also regulated by Ref-1. Although TNF-alpha increased DNA binding activity of Ref-1-regulated transcription factors, AP-1 and NF-kappaB, to the IL-8 promoter, promoter activity was mainly mediated by NF-kappaB binding. Silencing of Ref-1 in AGS cells inhibited basal and TNF-alpha-induced AP-1 and NF-kappaB DNA binding activity, but not their nuclear accumulation. Collectively, we provide the first mechanistic evidence of Ref-1 involvement in TNF-alpha-mediated, redox-sensitive induction of IL-8 and other chemokines in human gastric mucosa. This has implications for understanding the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders.

  10. Growth of triple-negative breast cancer cells relies upon coordinate autocrine expression of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Zachary C; Poage, Graham M; den Hollander, Petra; Tsimelzon, Anna; Hill, Jamal; Panupinthu, Nattapon; Zhang, Yun; Mazumdar, Abhijit; Hilsenbeck, Susan G; Mills, Gordon B; Brown, Powel H

    2013-06-01

    Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are aggressive with no effective targeted therapies. A combined database analysis identified 32 inflammation-related genes differentially expressed in TNBCs and 10 proved critical for anchorage-independent growth. In TNBC cells, an LPA-LPAR2-EZH2 NF-κB signaling cascade was essential for expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and CXCL1. Concurrent inhibition of IL-6 and IL-8 expression dramatically inhibited colony formation and cell survival in vitro and stanched tumor engraftment and growth in vivo. A Cox multivariable analysis of patient specimens revealed that IL-6 and IL-8 expression predicted patient survival times. Together these findings offer a rationale for dual inhibition of IL-6/IL-8 signaling as a therapeutic strategy to improve outcomes for patients with TNBCs.

  11. IL-17A acts via p38 MAPK to increase stability of TNF-alpha-induced IL-8 mRNA in human ASM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henness, Sheridan; van Thoor, Eveline; Ge, Qi; Armour, Carol L; Hughes, J Margaret; Ammit, Alaina J

    2006-06-01

    Human airway smooth muscle (ASM) plays an immunomodulatory role in asthma. Recently, IL-17A has become of increasing interest in asthma, being found at elevated levels in asthmatic airways and emerging as playing an important role in airway neutrophilia. IL-17A predominantly exerts its neutrophil orchestrating role indirectly via the induction of cytokines by resident airway structural cells. Here, we perform an in vitro study to show that although IL-17A did not induce secretion of the CXC chemokine IL-8 from ASM cells, IL-17A significantly potentiates TNF-alpha-induced IL-8 protein secretion and gene expression in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (P ASM cells, acting via a p38 MAPK-dependent posttranscriptional pathway to augment TNF-alpha-induced secretion of the potent neutrophil chemoattractant IL-8 from ASM cells.

  12. Modulation of Chemokine Gene Expression in CD133 Cord Blood-Derived Human Mast Cells by Cyclosporin A and Dexamethasone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Mette; Kvistgaard, Helene; Dahl, Christine;

    2006-01-01

    We have recently developed a protocol for generating huge numbers of mature and functional mast cells from in vitro differentiated umbilical cord blood cells. Using CD133 as a positive selection marker to isolate haematopoietic progenitors we routinely expand the number of recovered cells at least...... 150-fold, which vastly exceeds the yields of conventional protocols using CD34(+) cells as a source of progenitors. Taking advantage of the large quantities of in vitro differentiated mast cells, here we assess at the levels of transcription and translation the kinetics of chemokine gene induction...... following receptor mediated mast cell activation or following pharmacological activation of specific signal transduction cascades that become activated upon classical FcepsilonRI receptor crosslinking. We demonstrate that chemokine genes encoding IL-8, MCP-1, MIP-1alpha, and MIP-1beta are induced...

  13. Variation in the CXCR1 gene (IL8RA is not associated with susceptibility to chronic periodontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scarel-Caminaga Raquel M

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The chemokine receptor 1 CXCR-1 (or IL8R-alpha is a specific receptor for the interleukin 8 (IL-8, which is chemoattractant for neutrophils and has an important role in the inflammatory response. The polymorphism rs2234671 at position Ex2+860G > C of the CXCR1 gene causes a conservative amino acid substitution (S276T. This single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP seemed to be functional as it was associated with decreased lung cancer risk. Previous studies of our group found association of haplotypes in the IL8 and in the CXCR2 genes with the multifactorial disease chronic periodontitis. In this study we investigated the polymorphism rs2234671 in 395 Brazilian subjects with and without chronic periodontitis. Findings Similar distribution of the allelic and genotypic frequencies were observed between the groups (p > 0.05. Conclusions The polymorphism rs2234671 in the CXCR1 gene was not associated with the susceptibility to chronic periodontitis in the studied Brazilian population.

  14. Monocytes conditioned media stimulate fibronectin expression and spreading of inflammatory breast cancer cells in three-dimensional culture: A mechanism mediated by IL-8 signaling pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Mona M

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC is the most aggressive form of breast cancer characterized by invasion of carcinoma cells into dermal lymphatic vessels where they form tumor emboli over expressing adhesion molecule E-cadherin. Although invasion and metastasis are dynamic processes controlled by complex interaction between tumor cells and microenvironment the mechanisms by which soluble mediators may regulate motility and invasion of IBC cells are poorly understood. The present study investigated the effect of media conditioned by human monocytes U937 secreted cytokines, chemokines and growth factors on the expression of adhesion molecules E-cadherin and fibronectin of human IBC cell line SUM149. Furthermore, cytokines signaling pathway involved were also identified. Results U937 secreted cytokines, chemokines and growth factors were characterized by cytokine antibody array. The major U937 secreted cytokines/chemokines were interleukin-8 (IL-8 and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2. When SUM149 cells were seeded in three dimensional (3D models with media conditioned by U937 secreted cytokines, chemokines and growth factors; results showed: 1 changes in the morphology of IBC cells from epithelial to migratory spindle shape branched like structures; 2 Over-expression of adhesion molecule fibronectin and not E-cadherin. Further analysis revealed that over-expression of fibronectin may be mediated by IL-8 via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Conclusion The present results suggested that cytokines secreted by human monocytes may promote chemotactic migration and spreading of IBC cell lines. Results also indicated that IL-8 the major secreted cytokine by U937 cells may play essential role in fibronectin expression by SUM149 cells via interaction with IL-8 specific receptors and stimulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

  15. Rhinovirus attenuates non-typeable Hemophilus influenzae-stimulated IL-8 responses via TLR2-dependent degradation of IRAK-1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin L Unger

    Full Text Available Bacterial infections following rhinovirus (RV, a common cold virus, are well documented, but pathogenic mechanisms are poorly understood. We developed animal and cell culture models to examine the effects of RV on subsequent infection with non-typeable Hemophilus influenzae (NTHi. We focused on NTHI-induced neutrophil chemoattractants expression that is essential for bacterial clearance. Mice infected with RV1B were superinfected with NTHi and lung bacterial density, chemokines and neutrophil counts determined. Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B or mouse alveolar macrophages (MH-S were infected with RV and challenged with NHTi, TLR2 or TLR5 agonists. Chemokine levels were measured by ELISA and expression of IRAK-1, a component of MyD88-dependent TLR signaling, assessed by immunoblotting. While sham-infected mice cleared all NTHi from the lungs, RV-infected mice showed bacteria up to 72 h post-infection. However, animals in RV/NTHi cleared bacteria by day 7. Delayed bacterial clearance in RV/NTHi animals was associated with suppressed chemokine levels and neutrophil recruitment. RV-infected BEAS-2B and MH-S cells showed attenuated chemokine production after challenge with either NTHi or TLR agonists. Attenuated chemokine responses were associated with IRAK-1 protein degradation. Inhibition of RV-induced IRAK-1 degradation restored NTHi-stimulated IL-8 expression. Knockdown of TLR2, but not other MyD88-dependent TLRs, also restored IRAK-1, suggesting that TLR2 is required for RV-induced IRAK-1 degradation.In conclusion, we demonstrate for the first time that RV infection delays bacterial clearance in vivo and suppresses NTHi-stimulated chemokine responses via degradation of IRAK-1. Based on these observations, we speculate that modulation of TLR-dependent innate immune responses by RV may predispose the host to secondary bacterial infection, particularly in patients with underlying chronic respiratory disorders.

  16. Molecular requirements for sorting of the chemokine interleukin-8/CXCL8 to endothelial Weibel-Palade bodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hol, Johanna; Küchler, Axel M; Johansen, Finn-Eirik; Dalhus, Bjørn; Haraldsen, Guttorm; Oynebråten, Inger

    2009-08-28

    Sorting of proteins to Weibel-Palade bodies (WPB) of endothelial cells allows rapid regulated secretion of leukocyte-recruiting P-selectin and chemokines as well as procoagulant von Willebrand factor (VWF). Here we show by domain swap studies that the exposed aspartic acid in loop 2 (Ser(44)-Asp(45)-Gly(46)) of the CXC chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 is crucial for targeting to WPB. Loop 2 also governs sorting of chemokines to alpha-granules of platelets, but the fingerprint of the loop 2 of these chemokines differs from that of IL-8. On the other hand, loop 2 of IL-8 closely resembles a surface-exposed sequence of the VWF propeptide, the region of VWF that directs sorting of the protein to WPB. We conclude that loop 2 of IL-8 constitutes a critical signal for sorting to WPB and propose a general role for this loop in the sorting of chemokines to compartments of regulated secretion.

  17. H-2g, a glucose analog of blood group H antigen, mediates monocyte recruitment in vitro and in vivo via IL-8/CXCL8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabquer BJ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bradley J Rabquer,1,2 Yong Hou,1 Jeffrey H Ruth,1 Wei Luo,1 Daniel T Eitzman,1 Alisa E Koch,3,1 Mohammad A Amin11University of Michigan Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 2Albion College, Biology Department, Albion, MI, USA; 3VA Medical Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Ann Arbor, MI, USAObjective: Monocyte (MN recruitment is an essential inflammatory component of many autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA. In this study we investigated the ability of 2-fucosyllactose (H-2g, a glucose analog of blood group H antigen to induce MN migration in vivo and determined if H-2g-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8 plays a role in MN ingress in RA.Methods: Sponge granuloma and intravital microscopy assays were performed to examine H-2g-induced in vivo MN migration and rolling, respectively. MNs were stimulated with H-2g, and the production of IL-8/CXCL8 was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Lastly, in vitro MN migration assays and an in vivo RA synovial tissue severe combined immunodeficiency mouse model were used to determine the role of IL-8/CXCL8 in H-2g-induced MN migration.Results: In vivo, H-2g induced significantly greater MN migration compared to phosphate buffered saline. Intravital microscopy revealed that H-2g mediates MN migration in vivo by inducing MN rolling. In addition, H-2g induced MN production of IL-8/CXCL8, a process that was dependent on Src kinase. Moreover, we found that H-2g mediated MN migration in vitro, and in vivo migration was inhibited by a neutralizing anti-IL-8/CXCL8 antibody.Conclusion: These findings suggest that H-2g mediates MN recruitment in vitro and in vivo (in part via IL-8/CXCL8.Keywords: inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, chemokine, migration

  18. Electrochemical bioplatforms for the simultaneous determination of interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA and IL-8 protein oral cancer biomarkers in raw saliva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrente-Rodríguez, R M; Campuzano, S; Ruiz-Valdepeñas Montiel, V; Gamella, M; Pingarrón, J M

    2016-03-15

    The development of electrochemical magnetobiosensors for the simultaneous determination of two biomarkers associated with salivary oral cancer, protein IL-8 and its messenger RNA (IL-8 mRNA) associated, in undiluted human saliva samples is reported in this work. The implemented methodology involves the use of functionalized magnetic beads, specific antibodies against IL-8 protein, a specific hairpin DNA sequence for IL-8 mRNA and amperometric detection at disposable dual screen printed carbon electrodes. This methodology exhibits high sensitivity and selectivity for the target analytes providing detection limits of 0.21 nM for IL-8 mRNA and 72.4 pgmL(-1) (far below the clinical established cut-off of 600 pgmL(-1)) for IL-8 protein in undiluted saliva samples. The dual amperometric magnetobiosensor was applied to the direct determination of both biomarkers in spiked raw saliva samples and to determine the endogenous content of IL-8 protein in saliva samples from 7 healthy individuals. The obtained results were statistically in agreement with those provided by a commercial ELISA kit.

  19. Radiation results in IL-8 mediated intercellular signaling that increases adhesion between monocytic cells and aortic endothelium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucik, Dennis; Babitz, Stephen; Dunaway, Chad; Steele, Chad

    cells (HAECs) in vitro under conditions that mimic the shear stress in the bloodstream. For both heavy ions and x-rays, these adhesiveness changes are independent of adhesion molecule expression levels, but are chemokine dependent. Here we identify the specific endothelial chemokine responsible for this radiation-induced adhesiveness. X-irradiation increased IL-8 secretion almost 5-fold, while having little or no effect on expression of 15 other chemokines. Adhesiveness was then assayed under physiological shear stress using a flow chamber adhesion assay. Radiation significantly increased endothelial adhesiveness. The radiation-induced adhesiveness was specifically blocked by anti-IL-8 antibody, with no effect on baseline, radiation-independent adhesion. Addition of recombinant human IL-8 to un-irradiated HAECs was sufficient to increase adhesion to the same level as x-rays. Therefore, radiation-induced IL-8 signaling is both necessary and sufficient for radiation effects on aortic endothelial adhesiveness. This IL-8 induced adhesiveness may explain, at least in part, the mechanism by which radiation accelerates development of atherosclerosis. A better understanding of this mechanism can provide the basis for future countermeasure development.

  20. Human cytomegalovirus gene UL76 induces IL-8 expression through activation of the DNA damage response.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Costa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV, a β-herpesvirus, has evolved many strategies to subvert both innate and adaptive host immunity in order to ensure its survival and propagation within the host. Induction of IL-8 is particularly important during HCMV infection as neutrophils, primarily attracted by IL-8, play a key role in virus dissemination. Moreover, IL-8 has a positive effect in the replication of HCMV. This work has identified an HCMV gene (UL76, with the relevant property of inducing IL-8 expression at both transcriptional and protein levels. Up-regulation of IL-8 by UL76 results from activation of the NF-kB pathway as inhibition of both IKK-β activity or degradation of Ikβα abolishes the IL-8 induction and, concomitantly, expression of UL76 is associated with the translocation of p65 to the nucleus where it binds to the IL-8 promoter. Furthermore, the UL76-mediated induction of IL-8 requires ATM and is correlated with the phosphorylation of NEMO on serine 85, indicating that UL76 activates NF-kB pathway by the DNA Damage response, similar to the impact of genotoxic drugs. More importantly, a UL76 deletion mutant virus was significantly less efficient in stimulating IL-8 production than the wild type virus. In addition, there was a significant reduction of IL-8 secretion when ATM -/- cells were infected with wild type HCMV, thus, indicating that ATM is also involved in the induction of IL-8 by HCMV. In conclusion, we demonstrate that expression of UL76 gene induces IL-8 expression as a result of the DNA damage response and that both UL76 and ATM have a role in the mechanism of IL-8 induction during HCMV infection. Hence, this work characterizes a new role of the activation of DNA Damage response in the context of host-pathogen interactions.

  1. Possible identity of IL-8 converting enzyme in human fibroblasts as a cysteine protease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohashi, Kensaku; Sano, Emiko; Nakaki, Toshio; Naruto, Masanobu

    2003-04-01

    A converting activity was characterized in human diploid fibroblasts, which secrete 72IL-8 and 77IL-8 in treatment with IFN-beta and poly I: poly C. 77IL-8 was significantly converted to 72IL-8 by a partially purified fraction of the culture supernatant of human diploid fibroblasts. The converting activity, which was temperature-dependent and optimal at pH 6, was completely inhibited by cysteine protease inhibitors, antipain dihydrochloride and E-64, but not by other types of protease inhibitors. These data clearly show that human diploid fibroblasts are capable of processing IL-8 to produce a mature IL-8 and that the putative converting enzyme appears to be a cysteine protease.

  2. IL-8-induced L-selectin shedding regulates its binding kinetics to PSGL-1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA XiaoLing; CHEN Juan; LONG Mian

    2009-01-01

    L-selectin plays a crucial role in inflammation cascade by initiating the tethering and rolling of leukocytes on endothelium wall.While many L-selectin molecules are rapidly shed from the cell surface upon activation,the remaining membrane-anchored L-selectin may still play an important role in regulating leukocyte rolling and adhesion with different binding kinetics.Here we developed an in vitro model to activate Jurkat cells via interlukin-8 (IL-8) and quantified the two-dimensional (2D) binding kinetics,using a micropipette aspiration assay,of membrane-anchored L-selectin to P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) ligand coupled onto human red blood cells (RBCs).The data indicated that L-selectin shedding reduced the amount of membrane-anchored L-selecUn and lowered both its reverse and forward rates.These results suggested that the rolling dynamics of activated leukocytes was determined by two opposite impacts:reducing the surface presentation would enhance the rolling but lowering the kinetic rates would decrease the rolling.This finding provides a new insight into understanding how L-selectin shedding regulates leukocyte rolling and adhesion.

  3. Correlation of IL-8 with induction, progression and metastatic potential of colorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the expression profile of IL-8 in inflammatory and malignant colorectal diseases to evaluate its potential role in the regulation of colorectal cancer (CRC) and the development of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM).METHODS: IL-8 expression was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (Q-RT-PCR) and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in resected specimens from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC, n = 6)colorectal adenomas (CRA, n = 8), different stages of colorectal cancer (n = 48) as well as synchronous and metachronous CRLM along with their corresponding primary colorectal tumors (n = 16).RESULTS: IL-8 mRNA and protein expression was significantly up-regulated in all pathological colorectal entities investigated compared with the corresponding neighboring tissues. However, in the CRC specimens IL-8 revealed a significantly more pronounced overexpression in relation to the CRA and UC tissues with an average 30-fold IL-8 protein up-regulation in the CRC specimens in comparison to the CRA tissues. Moreover, IL-8 expression revealed a close correlation with tumor grading. Most interestingly, IL-8 up-regulation was most enhanced in synchronous and metachronous CRLM, if compared with the corresponding primary CRC tissues.Herein, an up to 80-fold IL-8 overexpression in individual metachronous metastases compared to normal tumor neighbor tissues was found.CONCLUSION: Our results strongly suggest an association between IL-8 expression, induction and progression of colorectal carcinoma and the development of colorectal liver metastases.

  4. MEK-dependent IL-8 induction regulates the invasiveness of triple-negative breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sangmin; Lee, Jeongmin; Jeon, Myeongjin; Lee, Jeong Eon; Nam, Seok Jin

    2016-04-01

    Interleukin-8 (IL-8) serves as a prognostic marker for breast cancer, and its expression level correlates with metastatic breast cancer and poor prognosis. Here, we investigated the levels of IL-8 expression in a variety of breast cancer cells and the regulatory mechanism of IL-8 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Our results showed that IL-8 expression correlated positively with overall survival in basal-type breast cancer patients. The levels of IL-8 mRNA expression and protein secretion were significantly increased in TNBC cells compared with non-TNBC cells. In addition, the invasiveness of the TNBC cells was dramatically increased by IL-8 treatment and then augmented invasion-related proteins such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 or MMP-9. We observed that elevated IL-8 mRNA expression and protein secretion were suppressed by a specific MEK1/2 inhibitor, UO126. In contrast, the overexpression of constitutively active MEK significantly increased the level of IL-8 mRNA expression in BT474 non-TNBC cells. Finally, we investigated the effect of UO126 on the tumorigenecity of TNBC cells. Our results showed that anchorage-independent growth, cell invasion, and cell migration were also decreased by UO126 in TNBC cells. As such, we demonstrated that IL-8 expression is regulated through MEK/ERK-dependent pathways in TNBC cells. A diversity of MEK blockers, including UO126, may be promising for treating TNBC patients.

  5. The oncolytic virus dl922-947 reduces IL-8/CXCL8 and MCP-1/CCL2 expression and impairs angiogenesis and macrophage infiltration in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vastolo, Viviana; Di Somma, Sarah; Scamardella, Eloise; Gigantino, Vincenzo; Franco, Renato; Marone, Gianni; Portella, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most aggressive human solid tumor and current treatments are ineffective in increasing patients' survival. Thus, the development of new therapeutic approaches for ATC is needed. We have previously shown that the oncolytic adenovirus dl922-947 induces ATC cell death in vitro and tumor regression in vivo. However, the impact of dl922-947 on the pro-tumorigenic ATC microenvironment is still unknown. Since viruses are able to regulate cytokine and chemokine production from infected cells, we sought to investigate whether dl922-947 virotherapy has such effect on ATC cells, thereby modulating ATC microenvironment. dl922-947 decreased IL-8/CXCL8 and MCP-1/CCL2 production by the ATC cell lines 8505-c and BHT101-5. These results correlated with dl922-947-mediated reduction of NF-κB p65 binding to IL8 promoter in 8505-c and BHT101-5 cells and CCL2 promoter in 8505-c cells. IL-8 stimulates cancer cell proliferation, survival and invasion, and also angiogenesis. dl922-947-mediated reduction of IL-8 impaired ATC cell motility in vitro and ATC-induced angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. We also show that dl922-947-mediated reduction of the monocyte-attracting chemokine CCL2 decreased monocyte chemotaxis in vitro and tumor macrophage density in vivo. Interestingly, dl922-947 treatment induced the switch of tumor macrophages toward a pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype, likely by increasing the expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine interferon-γ. Altogether, we demonstrate that dl922-947 treatment re-shape the pro-tumorigenic ATC microenvironment by modulating cancer-cell intrinsic factors and the immune response. An in-depth knowledge of dl922-947-mediated effects on ATC microenvironment may help to refine ATC virotherapy in the context of cancer immunotherapy. PMID:26625205

  6. Genetic variants in the chemokines and chemokine receptors in Chagas disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flórez, Oscar; Martín, Javier; González, Clara Isabel

    2012-08-01

    Clinical symptoms of Chagas' disease occur in 30% of the individuals infected with Trypanosoma cruzi and are characterised by heart inflammation and dysfunction. Chemokines and chemokine receptors control the migration of leukocytes during the inflammatory process and are involved in the modulation of Th1 or Th2 responses. To determine their influence, we investigated the possible role of CCL5/RANTES and CXCL8/IL8 chemokines, and CCR2 and CCR5 chemokines receptors cluster gene polymorphisms with the development of chagasic cardiomyopathy. Our study included 260 Chagas seropositive individuals (asymptomatic, n=130; cardiomyopathic, n=130) from an endemic area of Colombia. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. We found statistically significant differences in the distribution of the CCR5 human haplogroup (HH)-A (p=0.027; OR=3.78, 95% CI=1.04-13.72). Moreover, we found that the CCR5-2733 G and CCR5-2554 T alleles are associated, respectively, with a reduced risk of susceptibility and severity to develop chagasic cardiomyopathy. No other associations were found to be significant for the other polymorphisms analysed in the CCR5, CCR2, CCL5/RANTES and CXCL8/IL8 genes. Our data suggest that the analysed chemokines and chemokine receptor genetic variants have a weak but important association with the development of chagasic cardiomyopathy in the population under study.

  7. IL-1β up-regulates expression of IL-8 in endometrial stromal cells in vitro

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Guiyu; Ren Shuwen; Zhang Youzhong; Yang Xingsheng

    2005-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effects of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) on expression of IL-8 in endometrial stromal cells (ESC) and evaluate the relationship between IL1 β and IL-8 ,and the significance of IL-1β in the development of endometriosis. Methods:The endometrial stromal cells obtained from patient with and without endometriosis cultured within 3 ~5 passage were exposed to various concentrations of IL-1β. The amount of IL-8 protein was assessed by ELISA. The expression of IL-8 mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Results: 1. IL-8 protein was detected in culture supernatant of which the cells were not treated with IL-1β. The amount of IL-8 protein secretion increased obviously after stimulation with IL-1β at 1.0ng/ml for 4h and the peak of secretion was at 12h. 2. Expression of IL-8 mRNA was positive in unstimulated endometrial stromal cells. However, after stromal cells were incubated with IL-1β, the intensity of expression of IL-8 mRNA was obviously increased and demonstrated a dose-and timedependent manner. Increase of IL-8 mRNA was observed following stimulation with IL-1β for 4h ,and the peak at 12h. Conclusions:IL-1β induces endometrial stromal cell of endometriosis to express IL-8 not only at transcription level but also at post-transcription level. This up-regulation is dose-and time-dependent. IL-1β may play an important role in the onset of endometriosis.

  8. TNF-α and IL-8 of the Patients with Allergic Asthma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Guanghui; ZHU Rongfei; LI Baozhu

    2005-01-01

    Summary: The levels of serum TNF-α and IL-8 in the patients with allergic asthma during acute attack period and remission period, and the effects of glucocorticoid (GC) on them were investigated. By using ELISA, the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 were detected in the healthy volunteers (group C, n=40), the patients with allergic asthma (n=40) during acute attack period (group A) and remission period (group B) and those taking GC for a week (n=28). The results were compared among them. It was found that the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 in group A were higher than in group B and group C. In the patients subject to GC therapy, the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 were decreased as compared with those in group A. In group B, the level of TNF-α was higher than in group C, but there was no significant difference in the level of IL-8 between group B and group C. It was concluded that the inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-8, played important roles in the bronchus allergic inflammation. GC could reduce the levels of serum TNF-α and IL-8 to exert the anti-inflammatory effects.

  9. MEK activity controls IL-8 expression in tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sangmin; Jeon, Myeongjin; Lee, Jeong Eon; Nam, Seok Jin

    2016-04-01

    Although tamoxifen reduces disease progression, tamoxifen resistance occurs during the course of estrogen receptor-positive [ER+] breast cancer treatment. In the present study, we investigated the possibility that interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a prognostic marker for tamoxifen resistance and aimed to clarify the regulation of IL-8 expression in tamoxifen-resistant cells. Clinically, IL-8 expression is positively correlated with survival in luminal A type breast cancer patients, but not in luminal B type breast cancer patients. In addition, the levels of IL-8 mRNA and protein expression were significantly increased in tamoxifen-resistant (TamR) cells compared to tamoxifen-sensitive (TamS) cells. To determine the regulatory mechanism of IL-8 expression in TamR cells, we analyzed the activities of signaling molecules. Our results showed that the phosphorylation levels of MEK and Akt were markedly increased in TamR cells, but there was no change in the phosphorylation level of p38 MAPK. On the contrary, we observed that elevated IL-8 mRNA expression was suppressed by a specific MEK1/2 inhibitor, UO126, but not by the specific PI-3K inhibitor LY294002, in TamR cells, whereas, we found that overexpression of constitutively active-MEK (CA-MEK) significantly increased the levels of IL-8 mRNA expression in TamS cells. Finally, we investigated the effect of the specific CXCR1/2 inhibitor SB225002 on anchorage-independent growth of TamR cells, and found that the growth was completely suppressed by SB225002. Taken together, our results demonstrate that IL-8 expression is regulated through a MEK/ERK-dependent pathway in TamR cells, suggesting that IL-8 and its receptors may be promising therapeutic targets for overcoming tamoxifen resistance.

  10. Genomic structure, characterization, and identification of the promotor of the human IL-8 receptor A gene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sprenger, H.; Lloyd, A.R.; Meyer, R.G.; Johnston, J.A.; Kelvin, D.J. [National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MA (United States)

    1994-09-15

    Two unique but homologous receptors for the neutrophil chemoattractant IL-8 have been cloned (designated IL-8RA and IL-8RB), each of which binds IL-8 with high affinity. IL-8RA mRNA expression was found to be regulated by granulocyte-CSF and LPS. In an attempt to understand the tissue-specific expression and to identify transcriptional regulatory elements, the authors have cloned, sequenced, and characterized the human IL-8RA gene. A {lambda}-DASH clone encoding the entire human IL-8RA gene was isolated by screening a genomic library with a PCR-generated cDNA. After mapping, subcloning, and sequencing several restriction fragments, a 9.2-kb continuous DNA sequence was obtained. As the sizes of the published cDNA (1.9 kb) and the mRNA determined by Northern blot analysis (2.1 kb) were not in agreement, a full-length cDNA was cloned by using a modified rapid amplification of cDNA ends technique. They identified a 5{prime}-untranslated region of 119 bp. After comparison with the genomic sequence, they found the gene consisted of two exons interrupted by an intron of 1.7 kb. A 1050-bp ORF was encoded entirely in the second exon together with a 834-bp 3{prime}-untranslated region. The immediate GC-rich 5{prime}-flanking region upstream of exon 1 could serve as a constitutively active promoter in chloramphenicolacetyl-transferase-expression assays. Expression analysis of additional upstream regions suggested the presence of silencer elements between positions -841 and -280. In conclusion, cloning a full-length cDNA permitted cloning of the human IL-8RA gene, identification of the genomic structure, and characterization of the promoter region. 45 refs., 6 figs.

  11. Neutrophilic airways inflammation in lung cancer: the role of exhaled LTB-4 and IL-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Silvio

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent advances in lung cancer biology presuppose its inflammatory origin. In this regard, LTB-4 and IL-8 are recognized to play a crucial role in neutrophil recruitment into airways during lung cancer. Notwithstanding the intriguing hypothesis, the exact role of neutrophilic inflammation in tumour biology remains complex and not completely known. The aim of this study was to give our contribution in this field by investigating LTB-4 and IL-8 in the breath condensate of NSCLC patients and verifying their role in cancer development and progression. Method We enrolled 50 NSCLC patients and 35 controls. LTB-4 and IL-8 concentrations were measured in the breath condensate and the blood of all the subjects under study using EIA kits. Thirty NSCLC patients and ten controls underwent induced sputum collection and analysis. Results LTB-4 and IL-8 resulted higher in breath condensate and the blood of NSCLC patients compared to controls. Significantly higher concentrations were found as the cancer stages progressed. A positive correlation was observed between exhaled IL-8 and LTB-4 and the percentage of neutrophils in the induced sputum. Conclusion The high concentrations of exhaled LTB-4 and IL-8 showed the presence of a neutrophilic inflammation in the airways of NSCLC patients and gave a further support to the inflammatory signalling in lung cancer. These exhaled proteins could represent a suitable non-invasive marker in the diagnosis and monitoring of lung cancer.

  12. Recent advances reveal IL-8 signaling as a potential key to targeting breast cancer stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Jagdeep K; Simões, Bruno M; Howell, Sacha J; Farnie, Gillian; Clarke, Robert B

    2013-01-01

    Breast cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are an important therapeutic target as they are purported to be responsible for tumor initiation, maintenance, metastases, and disease recurrence. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is upregulated in breast cancer compared with normal breast tissue and is associated with poor prognosis. IL-8 is reported to promote breast cancer progression by increasing cell invasion, angiogenesis, and metastases and is upregulated in HER2-positive cancers. Recently, we and others have established that IL-8 via its cognate receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2, is also involved in regulating breast CSC activity. Our work demonstrates that in metastatic breast CSCs, CXCR1/2 signals via transactivation of HER2. Given the importance of HER2 in breast cancer and in regulating CSC activity, a pathway driving the activation of these receptors would have important biological and clinical consequences, especially in tumors that express high levels of IL-8 and other CXCR1/2-activating ligands. Here, we review the IL-8 signaling pathway and the role of HER2 in maintaining an IL-8 inflammatory loop and discuss the potential of combining CXCR1/2 inhibitors with other treatments such as HER2-targeted therapy as a novel approach to eliminate CSCs and improve patient survival.

  13. Serum IL8 and mRNA level of CD11b in circulating neutrophils are increased in clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis with active interstitial lung disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Jing; Chen, Jie; Yan, Qingran; Guo, Qiang; Bao, Chunde

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study is to assess serum IL8 and the potential activity of circulating neutrophils on relative messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and their relationship with disease activity in clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) associated with interstitial lung disease (ILD). We studied 18 CADM patients and compared them with 18 classic dermatomyositis (DM) patients and 18 healthy control subjects. Serum IL8 level and mRNA expressions of neutrophils (chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 1 (CXCR1), cluster of differentiation molecule 11b (CD11b), cluster of differentiation 64 (CD64), myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL1), interleukin-18 (IL18)) were detected. The overproduction of serum IL8 level was most significant in the CADM group with active period. The mRNA expressions of CD11b, IL18, and MCL1 were greatly increased in the neutrophils in patients with CADM compared with DM or healthy controls. Up-expressions of CD11b, IL18, and MCL1 were detected in the neutrophils in CADM patients of active period compared with remission period. A positive correlation was found between CD11b mRNA level and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) score, in CADM associated with ILD. Serum IL8 level and mRNA levels of CD11b, MCL1, and IL18 in circulating neutrophils are related with the disease activity of CADM-ILD. The mRNA level of CD11b is positively correlated with HRCT score in CADM-ILD.

  14. RESPIRATORY EPITHELIAL CELLS DISPLAY POLARITY IN THEIR RELEASE OF THE CHEMOKINE IL-8 AFTER EXPOSURE TO OZONE. (R825268)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  15. Chemokines: Small Molecules Participate in Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Chemokines are small protein molecules involved in cell signaling processes. They play a crucial role in many physiological and pathological processes. Chemokines are functionally classified into two categories; inflammatory/inducible and constitutive. Their biologic functional differences are the result of their receptors structural differences. Recently some studies were performed about the chemokines changes in diabetes. Inflammatory mechanisms have an important role in diabetes.Materials and Methods: In this review article we searched the keywords chemokines, diabetes, diabetes pathogenesis, and type 1 and 2 diabetes in Persian resources, PubMed and famous English-language websites through advanced search engines and found the newest studies about the role of chemokines in the pathogenesis of diabetes.Results: The results of the studies showed that diabetes and its disorders enhance the activation of immune cells and the expression of cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, SDF-1, INF-γ, TGF-β, MCP-1, IP-10, TNF-α, and RANTES; most of them have impact on the pathogenesis of diabetes.Conclusion: Comparison and analysis of the results obtained from our research and the results of performed studies in the world and Iran shows that chemokines, like other protein molecules involved in the pathogenesis and etiology of diabetes, play a role in this process.

  16. fMLP-Induced IL-8 Release Is Dependent on NADPH Oxidase in Human Neutrophils

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    María A. Hidalgo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available N-Formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP and platelet-activating factor (PAF induce similar intracellular signalling profiles; but only fMLP induces interleukin-8 (IL-8 release and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced (NADPH oxidase activity in neutrophils. Because the role of ROS on IL-8 release in neutrophils is until now controversial, we assessed if NADPH oxidase is involved in the IL-8 secretions and PI3K/Akt, MAPK, and NF-κB pathways activity induced by fMLP. Neutrophils were obtained from healthy volunteers. IL-8 was measured by ELISA, IL-8 mRNA by qPCR, and ROS production by luminol-amplified chemiluminescence, reduction of ferricytochrome c, and FACS. Intracellular pH changes were detected by spectrofluorescence. ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and Akt phosphorylation were analysed by immunoblotting and NF-κB was analysed by immunocytochemistry. Hydroxy-3-methoxyaceto-phenone (HMAP, diphenyleneiodonium (DPI, and siRNA Nox2 reduced the ROS and IL-8 release in neutrophils treated with fMLP. HMAP, DPI, and amiloride (a Na+/H+ exchanger inhibitor inhibited the Akt phosphorylation and did not affect the p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 activity. DPI and HMAP reduced NF-κB translocation induced by fMLP. We showed that IL-8 release induced by fMLP is dependent on NADPH oxidase, and ROS could play a redundant role in cell signalling, ultimately activating the PI3K/Akt and NF-κB pathways in neutrophils.

  17. Orbital fibroblast chemokine modulation: effects of dexamethasone and cyclosporin A

    OpenAIRE

    BURNSTINE, M.; Elner, S.; Elner, V.

    1998-01-01

    AIM—Orbital inflammation is common, but the mechanisms underlying leucocytic infiltration of orbital tissue are poorly understood. Human orbital fibroblasts (OF) express chemokines, interleukin 8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), when exposed to proinflammatory cytokines. The effects of dexamethasone (DEX) and cyclosporin A (CSA) on OF IL-8 and MCP-1 were examined.
METHODS—Cultured human OF were incubated with recombinant interleukin 1β (rIL-1β; 0.2, 2.0, 20 ng/ml) alone or i...

  18. Purine-Metabolizing Ectoenzymes Control IL-8 Production in Human Colon HT-29 Cells

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    Fariborz Bahrami

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Interleukin-8 (IL-8 plays key roles in both chronic inflammatory diseases and tumor modulation. We previously observed that IL-8 secretion and function can be modulated by nucleotide (P2 receptors. Here we investigated whether IL-8 release by intestinal epithelial HT-29 cells, a cancer cell line, is modulated by extracellular nucleotide metabolism. We first identified that HT-29 cells regulated adenosine and adenine nucleotide concentration at their surface by the expression of the ectoenzymes NTPDase2, ecto-5′-nucleotidase, and adenylate kinase. The expression of the ectoenzymes was evaluated by RT-PCR, qPCR, and immunoblotting, and their activity was analyzed by RP-HPLC of the products and by detection of Pi produced from the hydrolysis of ATP, ADP, and AMP. In response to poly (I:C, with or without ATP and/or ADP, HT-29 cells released IL-8 and this secretion was modulated by the presence of NTPDase2 and adenylate kinase. Taken together, these results demonstrate the presence of 3 ectoenzymes at the surface of HT-29 cells that control nucleotide levels and adenosine production (NTPDase2, ecto-5′-nucleotidase and adenylate kinase and that P2 receptor-mediated signaling controls IL-8 release in HT-29 cells which is modulated by the presence of NTPDase2 and adenylate kinase.

  19. Effect of lead on IL-8 production and cell proliferation in human oral keratinocytes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Thaweboon Srosiri; Poomsawat Sopee; Thaweboon Boonyanit

    2010-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of lead on the production of IL-8 and cell proliferation in normal human oral keratinocytes (NHKs). Methods: NHKs were prepared as outgrowths from normal human buccal mucosa. The cells were treated with three concentrations of lead glutamate (4.5í10-5M, 4.5í10-6M and 4.5í10-7M). NHKs grown in glutamic acid were used as control. The amounts of IL-8 secreted in the culture supernatants were evaluated at 12 and 24 h using enzyme-linked immunospecific assay (ELISA). Cell proliferation was determined by the MTT colorimetric assay. Three cultures were used for each experiment, and three independent experiments were performed. Analysis of variance and Duncan’s multiple range tests were used for statistical analysis. Results:An elevation of IL-8 in culture supernatants of NHKs treated with lead at all concentrations at 12 and 24 h after exposure in a dose-dependent manner was revealed. A significant increase in cell numbers was observed only at 24 h exposed to 4.5í10-5M lead glutamate. Conclusions: The capacity of NHKs, to secrete IL-8, enhanced by lead glutamate, is demonstrated here. Induction of cell proliferation is revealed only after exposure to high lead concentration. The elevation of secreted IL-8 is a probable initial sign for the acute inflammatory response and may be involved in the pathogenesis of lead stomatitis.

  20. IL-8 and MCP Gene Expression and Production by LPS-Stimulated Human Corneal Stromal Cells

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    Roni M. Shtein

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To determine time course of effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS on production of interleukin-8 (IL-8 and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP by cultured human corneal stromal cells. Methods. Human corneal stromal cells were harvested from donor corneal specimens, and fourth to sixth passaged cells were used. Cell cultures were stimulated with LPS for 2, 4, 8, and 24 hours. Northern blot analysis of IL-8 and MCP gene expression and ELISA for IL-8 and MCP secretion were performed. ELISA results were analyzed for statistical significance using two-tailed Student's t-test. Results. Northern blot analysis demonstrated significantly increased IL-8 and MCP gene expression after 4 and 8 hours of exposure to LPS. ELISA for secreted IL-8 and MCP demonstrated statistically significant increases (P<0.05 after corneal stromal cell stimulation with LPS. Conclusions. This paper suggests that human corneal stromal cells may participate in corneal inflammation by secreting potent leukocyte chemotactic and activating proteins in a time-dependent manner when exposed to LPS.

  1. α-1 Antitrypsin regulates human neutrophil chemotaxis induced by soluble immune complexes and IL-8.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bergin, David A

    2010-12-01

    Hereditary deficiency of the protein α-1 antitrypsin (AAT) causes a chronic lung disease in humans that is characterized by excessive mobilization of neutrophils into the lung. However, the reason for the increased neutrophil burden has not been fully elucidated. In this study we have demonstrated using human neutrophils that serum AAT coordinates both CXCR1- and soluble immune complex (sIC) receptor-mediated chemotaxis by divergent pathways. We demonstrated that glycosylated AAT can bind to IL-8 (a ligand for CXCR1) and that AAT-IL-8 complex formation prevented IL-8 interaction with CXCR1. Second, AAT modulated neutrophil chemotaxis in response to sIC by controlling membrane expression of the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored (GPI-anchored) Fc receptor FcγRIIIb. This process was mediated through inhibition of ADAM-17 enzymatic activity. Neutrophils isolated from clinically stable AAT-deficient patients were characterized by low membrane expression of FcγRIIIb and increased chemotaxis in response to IL-8 and sIC. Treatment of AAT-deficient individuals with AAT augmentation therapy resulted in increased AAT binding to IL-8, increased AAT binding to the neutrophil membrane, decreased FcγRIIIb release from the neutrophil membrane, and normalization of chemotaxis. These results provide new insight into the mechanism underlying the effect of AAT augmentation therapy in the pulmonary disease associated with AAT deficiency.

  2. Predictive Value of IL-8 for Sepsis and Severe Infections After Burn Injury: A Clinical Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, Robert; Herndon, David N; Finnerty, Celeste C; Cox, Robert A; Song, Juquan; Jeschke, Marc G

    2015-03-01

    The inflammatory response induced by burn injury contributes to increased incidence of infections, sepsis, organ failure, and mortality. Thus, monitoring postburn inflammation is of paramount importance but, so far, there are no reliable biomarkers available to monitor and/or predict infectious complications after burn. As interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a major mediator for inflammatory responses, the aim of our study was to determine whether IL-8 expression can be used to predict postburn sepsis, infections, and mortality. Plasma cytokines, acute-phase proteins, constitutive proteins, and hormones were analyzed during the first 60 days after injury from 468 pediatric burn patients. Demographics and clinical outcome variables (length of stay, infection, sepsis, multiorgan failure [MOF], and mortality) were recorded. A cutoff level for IL-8 was determined using receiver operating characteristic analysis. Statistical significance is set at P Patients were grouped according to their average IL-8 levels relative to this cutoff and stratified into high (H) (n = 133) and low (L) (n = 335) groups. In the L group, regression analysis revealed a significant predictive value of IL-8 to percent of total body surface area burned and incidence of MOF (P inflammatory and acute-phase responses compared with the L group (P burn patients.

  3. CD147 deficiency blocks IL-8 secretion and inhibits lung cancer-induced osteoclastogenesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Hongkai; Zhuo, Yunyun; Hu, Xu; Shen, Weiwei; Zhang, Ying; Chu, Tongwei, E-mail: chtw@sina.com

    2015-03-06

    Bone is a frequent target of lung cancer metastasis, which is associated with significant morbidity and poor prognosis; however, the molecular basis of this process is still unknown. This study investigated the role of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (also known as cluster of differentiation (CD)147) in osteoclastogenesis resulting from bone metastasis, based on the enrichment of this glycoprotein on the surface of many malignant bone tumors. RNA interference was used to silence CD147 expression in A549 human lung cancer cells. Compared with conditioned medium (CM) from control cells (A549-CM), CM from CD147-deficient cells (A549-si-CM) suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand-stimulated osteoclastogenesis in RAW 264.7 cells and bone marrow-derived macrophages. The mRNA levels of osteoclast-specific genes such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, calcitonin receptor, and cathepsin K were also reduced in the presence of A549-si-CM. CD147 knockdown in A549 cells decreased interleukin (IL)-8mRNA and protein expression. IL-8 is present in large amounts in A549-CM and mimicked its inductive effect on osteoclastogenesis; this was reversed by depletion of IL-8 from the medium. Taken together, these results indicate that CD147 promotes lung cancer-induced osteoclastogenesis by modulating IL-8 secretion, and suggest that CD147 is a potential therapeutic target for cancer-associated bone resorption in lung cancer patients. - Highlights: • Bone loss frequently results from lung cancer metastasis. • Cluster of differentiation (CD)147 was depleted in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells. • RAW 264.7 cell osteoclastogenesis was blocked by medium from CD147-deficient cells. • Interleukin (IL)-8 level was reduced in the conditioned medium. • Osteoclastogenesis induced by lung tumor cells requires CD147-mediated IL-8 release.

  4. IL-8 as a urinary biomarker for the detection of bladder cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urquidi Virginia

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Current urine-based assays for bladder cancer (BCa diagnosis lack accuracy, so the search for improved biomarkers continues. Through genomic and proteomic profiling of urine, we have identified a panel of biomarkers associated with the presence of BCa. In this study, we evaluated the utility of three of these biomarkers, interleukin 8 (IL-8, Matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9 and Syndecan in the diagnosis of BCa through urinalysis. Methods Voided urines from 127 subjects, cancer subjects (n = 64, non-cancer subjects (n = 63 were analyzed. The protein concentrations of IL-8, MMP-9, and Syndecan were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Data were also compared to a commercial ELISA-based BCa detection assay (BTA-Trak© and urinary cytology. We used the area under the curve of a receiver operating characteristic (AUROC to compare the performance of each biomarker. Results Urinary protein concentrations of IL-8, MMP-9 and BTA were significantly elevated in BCa subjects. Of the experimental markers compared to BTA-Trak©, IL-8 was the most prominent marker (AUC; 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72-0.86. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that only IL-8 (OR; 1.51; 95% CI, 1.16-1.97, p = 0.002 was an independent factor for the detection of BCa. Conclusions These results suggest that the measurement of IL-8 in voided urinary samples may have utility for urine-based detection of BCa. These findings need to be confirmed in a larger, prospective cohort.

  5. IL-8 dictates glycosaminoglycan binding and stability of IL-18 in cystic fibrosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Reeves, Emer P

    2010-02-01

    Dysregulation of airway inflammation contributes to lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). Inflammation is mediated by inflammatory cytokines, including IL-8, which illustrates an increase in biological half-life and proinflammatory activity when bound to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The aim of this project was to compare IL-8 and IL-18 for their relative stability, activity, and interaction with GAGs, including chondroitin sulfate, hyaluronic acid, and heparan sulfate, present in high quantities in the lungs of patients with CF. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected from patients with CF (n = 28), non-CF controls (n = 14), and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 12). Increased levels of IL-8 and reduced concentrations of IL-18 were detected in bronchial samples obtained from CF individuals. The low level of IL-18 was not a defect in IL-18 production, as the pro- and mature forms of the molecule were expressed and produced by CF epithelial cells and monocytes. There was, however, a marked competition between IL-8 and IL-18 for binding to GAGs. A pronounced loss of IL-18 binding capacity occurred in the presence of IL-8, which displaced IL-18 from these anionic-matrices, rendering the cytokine susceptible to proteolytic degradation by neutrophil elastase. As a biological consequence of IL-18 degradation, reduced levels of IL-2 were secreted by Jurkat T lymphocytes. In conclusion, a novel mechanism has been identified highlighting the potential of IL-8 to determine the fate of other inflammatory molecules, such as IL-18, within the inflammatory milieu of the CF lung.

  6. Association of duffy blood group gene polymorphisms with IL8 gene in chronic periodontitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sippert, Emília Ângela; de Oliveira e Silva, Cléverson; Visentainer, Jeane Eliete Laguila; Sell, Ana Maria

    2013-01-01

    The antigens of the Duffy blood group system (DARC) act as a receptor for the interleukin IL-8. IL-8 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic periodontitis due to its chemotactic properties on neutrophils. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible association of Duffy blood group gene polymorphisms with the -353T>A, -845T>C and -738T>A SNPs of the IL8 gene in chronic periodontitis. One hundred and twenty-four individuals with chronic periodontitis and 187 controls were enrolled. DNA was extracted using the salting-out method. The Duffy genotypes and IL8 gene promoter polymorphisms were investigated by PCR-RFLP. Statistical analyses were conducted using the Chi square test with Yates correction or Fisher's Exact Test, and the possibility of associations were evaluated by odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval. When analyzed separately, for the Duffy blood group system, differences in the genotype and allele frequencies were not observed between all the groups analyzed; and, in nonsmokers, the -845C allele (3.6% vs. 0.4%), -845TC genotype (7.3% vs. 0.7%) and the CTA haplotype (3.6% vs. 0.4%) were positively associated with chronic periodontitis. For the first time to our knowledge, the polymorphisms of erythroid DARC plus IL8 -353T>A SNPs were associated with chronic periodontitis in Brazilian individuals. In Afro-Brazilians patients, the FY*02N.01 with IL8 -353A SNP was associated with protection to chronic periodontitis.

  7. Profiling Heparin-Chemokine Interactions Using Synthetic Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Paz, Jose L.; Moseman, E. Ashley; Noti, Christian; Polito, Laura; von Andrian, Ulrich H.; Seeberger, Peter H.

    2009-01-01

    Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), such as heparin or heparan sulfate, are required for the in vivo function of chemokines. Chemokines play a crucial role in the recruitment of leukocyte subsets to sites of inflammation and lymphocytes trafficking. GAG-chemokine interactions mediate cell migration and determine which leukocyte subsets enter tissues. Identifying the exact GAC sequences that bind to particular chemokines is key to understand chemokine function at the molecular level and develop strategies to interfere with chemokine-mediated processes. Here, we characterize the heparin binding profiles of eight chemokines (CCL21, IL-8, CXCL12, CXCL13, CCL19, CCL25, CCL28, and CXCL16) by employing heparin microarrays containing a small library of synthetic heparin oligosaccharides. The chemokines differ significantly in their interactions with heparin oligosaccharides: While some chemokines, (e.g., CCL21) strongly bind to a hexasaccharide containing the GlcNSO3(6-OSO3)-IdoA(2-OSO3) repeating unit, CCL19 does not bind and CXCL12 binds only weakly. The carbohydrate microarray binding results were validated by surface plasmon resonance experiments. In vitro chemotaxis assays revealed that dendrimers coated with the fully sulfated heparin hexasaccharide inhibit lymphocyte migration toward CCL21. Migration toward CXCL12 or CCL19 was not affected. These in vitro homing assays indicate that multivalent synthetic heparin dendrimers inhibit the migration of lymphocytes toward certain chemokine gradients by blocking the formation of a chemokine concentration gradient on GAG endothelial chains. These findings are in agreement with preliminary in vivo measurements of circulating lymphocytes. The results presented here contribute to the understanding of GAG-chemokine interactions, a first step toward the design of novel drugs that modulate chemokine activity. PMID:18030990

  8. Toll-like receptor 9 mediates oral bacteria-induced IL-8 expression in gingival epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngsook; Jo, Ah-ram; Jang, Da Hyun; Cho, Yong-Joon; Chun, Jongsik; Min, Byung-Moo; Choi, Youngnim

    2012-07-01

    Previously, we reported that various oral bacteria regulate interleukin (IL)-8 production differently in gingival epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to characterize the pattern recognition receptor(s) that mediate bacteria-induced IL-8 expression. Among ligands that mimic bacterial components, only a Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 ligand enhanced IL-8 expression as determined by ELISA. Both normal and immortalized human gingival epithelial (HOK-16B) cells expressed TLR9 intracellularly and showed enhanced IL-8 expression in response to CpG-oligonucleotide. The ability of eight strains of four oral bacterial species to induce IL-8 expression in HOK-16B cells, and their invasion capacity were examined in the absence or presence of 2% human serum. The ability of purified bacterial DNA (bDNA) to induce IL-8 was also examined. Six out of eight strains increased IL-8 production in the absence of serum. Usage of an endosomal acidification blocker or a TLR9 antagonist inhibited the IL-8 induction by two potent strains. In the presence of serum, many strains lost the ability to induce IL-8 and presented substantially reduced invasion capacity. The IL-8-inducing ability of bacteria in the absence or presence of serum showed a strong positive correlation with their invasion index. The IL-8-inducing ability of bacteria in the absence of human serum was also correlated with the immunostimulatory activity of its bDNA. The observed immunostimulatory activity of the bDNA could not be linked to its CpG motif content. In conclusion, oral bacteria induce IL-8 in gingival epithelial cells through TLR9 and the IL-8-inducing ability depends on the invasive capacity and immunostimulating DNA.

  9. Serpina1 is a potent inhibitor of IL-8-induced hematopoietic stem cell mobilization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Pel, M; van Os, R; Velders, GA; Hagoort, H; Heegaard, PMH; Lindley, IJD; Willemze, R; Fibbe, WE

    2006-01-01

    Here, we report that cytokine-induced (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and IL-8) hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) mobilization is completely inhibited after low-dose (0.5 Gy) total-body irradiation (TBI). Because neutrophil granular proteases are regulatory

  10. CD147 deficiency blocks IL-8 secretion and inhibits lung cancer-induced osteoclastogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hongkai; Zhuo, Yunyun; Hu, Xu; Shen, Weiwei; Zhang, Ying; Chu, Tongwei

    2015-03-06

    Bone is a frequent target of lung cancer metastasis, which is associated with significant morbidity and poor prognosis; however, the molecular basis of this process is still unknown. This study investigated the role of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (also known as cluster of differentiation (CD)147) in osteoclastogenesis resulting from bone metastasis, based on the enrichment of this glycoprotein on the surface of many malignant bone tumors. RNA interference was used to silence CD147 expression in A549 human lung cancer cells. Compared with conditioned medium (CM) from control cells (A549-CM), CM from CD147-deficient cells (A549-si-CM) suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand-stimulated osteoclastogenesis in RAW 264.7 cells and bone marrow-derived macrophages. The mRNA levels of osteoclast-specific genes such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, calcitonin receptor, and cathepsin K were also reduced in the presence of A549-si-CM. CD147 knockdown in A549 cells decreased interleukin (IL)-8mRNA and protein expression. IL-8 is present in large amounts in A549-CM and mimicked its inductive effect on osteoclastogenesis; this was reversed by depletion of IL-8 from the medium. Taken together, these results indicate that CD147 promotes lung cancer-induced osteoclastogenesis by modulating IL-8 secretion, and suggest that CD147 is a potential therapeutic target for cancer-associated bone resorption in lung cancer patients.

  11. Status of circulating immune complexes, IL8 titers and cryoglobulins in patients with dengue infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Goutam; Ghosh, Manab; Modak, Dolanchampa; Bandopadhyay, Bhaswati; Saha, Bibhuti; Mukhopadhyay, Sumi

    2015-11-01

    Dengue, a serious viral infection caused by the mosquito vector, Aedes aegyptii, affects about 390 million people annually from more than 125 countries across the globe. However, until now, there is no reliable clinical or laboratory indicator to accurately predict the development of dengue severity. Here, we explored critical pathophysiological determinants like IL8, circulating immune complex (CIC) and cryoglobulin in dengue-infected patients for identification of novel dengue severity biomarker(s). Totally, 100 clinically suspected dengue cases were tested by NS1 ELISA and MAC ELISA for dengue virus aetiology. For control, 49 healthy volunteers were included. Blood profiling (complete hemogram and liver function test) of patient population were done using automated cell counter and standard auto analyzer based biochemical analysis. Serum CIC was quantified by PEG precipitation. Serum cryoglobulins were estimated by Folin assay. Levels of serum IL-8 were assessed by standard sandwich ELISA kits. Patient CIC were further characterized by SDS Gel electrophoresis. Forty per cent of the cases tested positive, of which 11 patients had severe clinical manifestation. The mean ±SEM of cryoglobulin concentration for DHF, DF, and HC were 1.30 ± 0.31, 0.59 ± 0.08 and 0.143 ± 0.009 μg/μl, respectively. Thus, DHF and DF patients have shown 9- and 2.2-fold increase in cryoglobulin levels; and 18- and 5-fold increased CIC, respectively compared to HC patients. The mean ±SEM of CIC-PEG index for DHF, DF and HC were 491 ± 41.22, 146 ± 14.19 and 27.98 ± 2.56, respectively. Raised levels of IL8 titers were also found in all 11 DHF patients. Peak levels of CIC, cryoglobulin and IL8 titers were associated with thrombocytopenia. SDS PAGE analysis of CIC from DHF revealed the presence of at least six protein bands that were not observed in samples from DF and HC. Prediction efficacy of IL8, CIC and cryoglobulin for DHF was determined using the receiver operator characteristic

  12. Effects of budesonide on P38 MAPK activation, apoptosis and IL-8 secretion, induced by TNF-alpha and Haemophilus influenzae in human bronchial epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallelli, L; Pelaia, G; Fratto, D; Muto, V; Falcone, D; Vatrella, A; Curto, L S; Renda, T; Busceti, M T; Liberto, M C; Savino, R; Cazzola, M; Marsico, S A; Maselli, R

    2010-01-01

    Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is one of the most frequently involved pathogens in bacterial exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In the airways, the main tissue target of NTHi is bronchial epithelium, where this pathogen can further amplify the inflammatory and structural changes induced by proinflammatory cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate, in primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells, the effects of NTHi on signal transduction pathways, apoptotic events and chemokine production activated by TNF-alpha. Moreover, we also evaluated the effects exerted on such cellular and molecular phenomena by a corticosteroid drug. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation was analyzed by Western blotting, using an anti-phospho-p38 MAPK monoclonal antibody. Apoptosis was assayed by active caspase-3 expression. Interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) was detected in cell-free culture supernatants by ELISA. TNF-alpha induced a significant increase in p38 MAPK phosphorylation. NTHi was able to potentiate the stimulatory actions of TNF-alpha on caspase-3 expression and, to a lesser extent, on IL-8 secretion. These effects were significantly (P less than 0.01) inhibited by a pharmacological pre-treatment with budesonide. These results suggest that TNF-alpha is able to stimulate, via activation of p38 MAPK signalling pathway, IL-8 release and airway epithelial cell apoptosis; the latter effect can be markedly potentiated by NTHi. Furthermore, budesonide can be very effective in preventing, through inhibition of p38 MAPK phosphorylation, both structural and proinflammatory changes elicited in bronchial epithelium by TNF-alpha and NTHi.

  13. Serum Levels of Il-8, Tnf-α And Il-6 in Children with Atopic Dermatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perihan Öztürk

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In­tro­duc­ti­on: Atopic dermatitis (AD is associated with an imbalance between T helper 1 (Th1 and T helper 2 (Th2 cells. It is chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease affecting especially the children. Recently, it has been intensively studied and new aspects regarding the immunopathogenesis are suggested. Studies about the role of cytokines on formation of atopic diseases are rather new and most of them are based on in vitro observations. It is not completely clear yet how cytokines regulate diseases in vivo and studies about this subject are rather limited. In this study; the serum levels of IL-8, TNF-α, IL-6 and the relationship between these parameters and the disease severity in a group of children with AD were investigated.Materials and Methods: The severity of AD was assessed by the same dermatologist using the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD index system. IL-8, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels were measured by ELISA method.Results: Serum levels of IL-8, TNF-α and IL-6 were determined and were found statistically significantly higher in patients than controls. A statistically significant correlation between serum levels of IL-8, TNF-α, and IL-6 and SCORADs in children with AD was determined.Conclusion: These results show that serum levels of IL-8, TNF-α, and IL-6 may be used as important markers in the assessment of disease severity and follow-up of child patients with AD. As a result, the role of cytokines and the relationship between cytokines in the immunopathogenesis of AD are rather complex and still not clearly clarified, further investigations are required to understand this complex process. (Jo­ur­nal of Cur­rent Pe­di­at­rics 2012; 10: 50-4

  14. Prognostic evaluation of the B cell/IL-8 metagene in different intrinsic breast cancer subtypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanker, Lars C; Rody, Achim; Holtrich, Uwe; Pusztai, Lajos; Ruckhaeberle, Eugen; Liedtke, Cornelia; Ahr, Andre; Heinrich, Tomas M; Sänger, Nicole; Becker, Sven; Karn, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    We recently reported that a ratio of high B cell and low IL-8 metagene expression identified 32 % of triple negative breast cancers (TNBC) with good prognosis and was the only significant predictor in multivariate analysis including routine clinicopathological variables. However, the clinical relevance of this signature in other breast cancer subtypes remains unclear. We compiled Affymetrix gene expression datasets from 4,467 primary breast cancer samples and excluded 329 triple negative samples which were used as discovery cohort in our previous study. Molecular classification of the remaining 4,138 samples was performed by two methods, including single genes (ER, PgR, HER2, and Ki67) and a centroid-based method using the intrinsic gene list. The prognostic value within the respective subtypes was assessed by analyzing the event-free survival of patients as a function of the B cell/IL-8 metagene ratio using previously published cutoff. ER-negative subtypes had the highest expression of the B cell and the IL-8 metagenes. The IL-8/B cell signature assigned a considerable fraction of samples (range 20.7-42.0 %) into the "good prognosis" group. However, a significant prognostic value was only observed in the subgroup of triple negative breast cancer (P = 0.035). The prognostic value of the B cell/IL-8 ratio is mainly confined to the basal-like and TNBC subtypes of breast cancer. This result underlines the importance of subtype-specific analyses and suggests a sequential multistep approach to developing and applying outcome predictors in the clinic.

  15. Endothelial cells overexpressing IL-8 receptor reduce cardiac remodeling and dysfunction following myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiangmin; Zhang, Wei; Xing, Dongqi; Li, Peng; Fu, Jinyan; Gong, Kaizheng; Hage, Fadi G; Oparil, Suzanne; Chen, Yiu-Fai

    2013-08-15

    The endothelium is a dynamic component of the cardiovascular system that plays an important role in health and disease. This study tested the hypothesis that targeted delivery of endothelial cells (ECs) overexpressing neutrophil membrane IL-8 receptors IL8RA and IL8RB reduces acute myocardial infarction (MI)-induced left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction and increases neovascularization in the area at risk surrounding the infarcted tissue. MI was created by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery in 12-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. Four groups of rats were studied: group 1: sham-operated rats without MI or EC transfusion; group 2: MI rats with intravenous vehicle; group 3: MI rats with transfused ECs transduced with empty adenoviral vector (Null-EC); and group 4: MI rats with transfused ECs overexpressing IL8RA/RB (1.5 × 10⁶ cells post-MI). Two weeks after MI, LV function was assessed by echocardiography; infarct size was assessed by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (live tissue) and picrosirus red (collagen) staining, and capillary density and neutrophil infiltration in the area at risk were measured by CD31 and MPO immunohistochemical staining, respectively. When compared with the MI + vehicle and MI-Null-EC groups, transfusion of IL8RA/RB-ECs decreased neutrophil infiltration and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and increased capillary density in the area at risk, decreased infarct size, and reduced MI-induced LV dysfunction. These findings provide proof of principle that targeted delivery of ECs is effective in repairing injured cardiac tissue. Targeted delivery of ECs to infarcted hearts provides a potential novel strategy for the treatment of acute MI in humans.

  16. Increased expression of MMP-9 and IL-8 are correlated with poor prognosis of Bladder Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reis Sabrina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Extracellular matrix homeostasis is strictly maintained by a coordinated balance between the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs and their inhibitors. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the expression of MMP-9, MMP-2 and its specific inhibitors, are expressed in a reproducible, specific pattern and if the profiles are related to prognosis in Bladder Cancer (BC. Methods MMP-9, MMP-2 and its specific inhibitors expression levels were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR in fresh-frozen malignant tissue collected from 40 patients with BC submitted to transurethral resection of bladder. The control group consisted of normal bladder tissue from five patients who had undergone retropubic prostatectomy to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Results MMP-9 was overexpressed in 59.0 % of patients, and MMP-2, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, MMP-14, RECK and IL-8 was underexpressed in most of the patients. Regarding prognostic parameters we observed that high-grade tumors exhibited significantly higher levels of MMP-9 and IL-8 (p = 0.012, p = 0.003. Invasive tumors (pT1-pT2 had higher expression levels of MMP-9 than superficial tumors (pTa (p = 0.026. The same was noted for IL-8 that was more expressed by invasive tumors (p = 0.015, p = 0.048. Most importantly tumor recurrence was related with higher levels of both MMP-9 (p = 0.003 and IL-8 (p = 0.005. Conclusion We have demonstrated that the overexpression of MMP-9 and higher expression of IL-8 are related to unfavorable prognostic factors of urothelial bladder cancer and tumor recurrence and may be useful in the follow up of the patients.

  17. Chemokines and Chemokine Receptors in Multiple Sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenjing Cheng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease with classical traits of demyelination, axonal damage, and neurodegeneration. The migration of autoimmune T cells and macrophages from blood to central nervous system as well as the destruction of blood brain barrier are thought to be the major processes in the development of this disease. Chemokines, which are small peptide mediators, can attract pathogenic cells to the sites of inflammation. Each helper T cell subset expresses different chemokine receptors so as to exert their different functions in the pathogenesis of MS. Recently published results have shown that the levels of some chemokines and chemokine receptors are increased in blood and cerebrospinal fluid of MS patients. This review describes the advanced researches on the role of chemokines and chemokine receptors in the development of MS and discusses the potential therapy of this disease targeting the chemokine network.

  18. IL-1b, IL-6 and IL-8 Levels in Gyneco-Obstetric Infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Basso

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. During pregnancy cytokines and inflammatory mediators stimulate the expression of prostaglandin, the levels of which determine the onset of labor. The aim of this work was to study interleukin IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 levels in the vaginal discharge, serum and urine of pregnant women with genitourinary infection before and after specific treatment. One hundred and fifty-one patients were studied during the second or third trimester of their pregnancy.

  19. COPD患者不同时期血清IL-8变化及其临床意义%Variation of Serum IL-8 with Different Stages in COPD Patients and Its Clinical Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊兰

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨白介素-8(IL-8)参与COPD的发病机制及其与COPD预后的关系.方法 选择COPD急性发作期患者30例,测定新入院时及治疗后血浆IL-8水平,并与正常对照组比较.结果 COPD急性发作期患者IL-8水平明显高于正常组(P<0.05),治疗后好转组和恶化组患者IL-8水平仍然高于健康对照组(P<0.05).结论 IL-8参与了COPD气道炎症的发生发展,贯穿整个COPD病程始终.

  20. Re: Chemokines in Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Fehmi Narter

    2016-01-01

    Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that regulate the trafficking and positioning of cells by activating the seven-transmembrane spanning G protein-coupled chemokine receptors (GPCR) or non G protein-coupled seven-transmembrane spanning receptors called atypical chemokine receptors (ACKR). Chemokines are basic proteins that also bind to glycosaminoglycans which play important roles in their biology. Chemokines are divided into four subfamilies based on the position of the first two N-termina...

  1. Diagnostic significance of IL-6 and IL-8 in tubal ectopic pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajendiran, Soundravally; Senthil Kumar, G P; Nimesh, Archana; Dhiman, Pooja; Shivaraman, K; Soundararaghavan, S

    2016-10-01

    As there are no specific non-invasive markers for the diagnosis of tubal ectopic pregnancy, our objective in the present study was to explore the role of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 in the diagnosis of ruptured tubal ectopic pregnancy. Twenty-eight women with tubal ectopic pregnancy, 31 patients with intrauterine abortion and 29 gestational age matched women having normal intrauterine pregnancy were included in the study. Five millilitre of blood was collected at the time of admission, serum was separated and stored at -70 °C for subsequent analysis of β hCG, IL-6 and IL-8 levels. The level of IL-6 was a significant increase in the women with tubal ectopic pregnancy compared to intrauterine abortion and normal pregnancy. IL-8 levels decrease significantly in the tubal ectopic pregnancy and in intrauterine abortion patients when compared with the normal pregnancy group. At the cutoff of 26.48 pg/ml IL-6 level predicted the tubal ectopic pregnancy with moderate accuracy. Therefore, it can be concluded that measurement of IL-6 may have relevance in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy as a novel inflammatory serum biomarkers.

  2. Targeting IL-8 signalling to inhibit breast cancer stem cell activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Jagdeep K; Simões, Bruno M; Clarke, Robert B; Bundred, Nigel J

    2013-11-01

    Although survival from breast cancer has improved significantly over the past 20 years, disease recurrence remains a significant clinical problem. The concept of stem-like cells in cancer has been gaining currency over the last decade or so, since evidence for stem cell activity in human leukaemia and solid tumours, including breast cancer, was first published. Evidence indicates that this sub-population of cells, known as cancer stem-like cells (CSCs), is responsible for driving tumour formation and disease progression. In breast cancer, there is good evidence that CSCs are intrinsically resistant to conventional chemo-, radio- and endocrine therapies. By evading the effects of these treatments, CSCs are held culpable for disease recurrence. Hence, in order to improve treatment there is a need to develop CSC-targeted therapies. Interleukin-8 (IL-8), an inflammatory cytokine, is upregulated in breast cancer and associated with poor prognostic factors. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that IL-8, through its receptors CXCR1/2, is an important regulator of breast CSC activity. Inhibiting CXCR1/2 signalling has proved efficacious in pre-clinical models of breast cancer providing a good rationale for targeting CXCR1/2 clinically. Here, we discuss the role of IL-8 in breast CSC regulation and development of novel therapies to target CXCR1/2 signalling in breast cancer.

  3. Short-Chain Fatty Acids Regulate Secretion of IL-8 from Human Intestinal Epithelial Cell Lines in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asarat, M; Vasiljevic, T; Apostolopoulos, V; Donkor, O

    2015-01-01

    Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) including acetate, propionate and butyrate play an important role in the physiological functions of epithelial cells and colonocytes, such as immune response regulation. Human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) contribute in intestinal immune response via different ways, such as production of different immune factors including Interleukin (IL) IL-8, which act as chemoattractant for neutrophils, and subsequently enhance inflammation. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of SCFAs on IECs viability and production of IL-8 in vitro. SCFAs were co-cultured with either normal intestinal epithelial (T4056) or adenocarcinoma derived (HT-29) cell lines for 24-96 h in the presence of E.coli lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Cell viability, proliferation, production of IL-8 and expression of IL-8 mRNA were determined in the cell cultures. The result showed that 20 mM of SCFAs was non-cytotoxic to T4056 and enhanced their growth, whereas the growth of HT-29 was inhibited. The SCFAs down regulated LPS-stimulated IL-8 secretion with different response patterns, but no obvious effects on the release of IL-8 from non LPS- stimulated cells. In conclusion, SCFAs showed regulatory effect on release of LPS-stimulated IL-8 as well as the expression of mRNA of IL-8; these might explain the anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic mechanism of SCFAs.

  4. IL-8 secretion in primary cultures of prostate cells is associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness

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    Neveu B

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Bertrand Neveu*, Xavier Moreel*, Marie-Pier Deschênes-Rompré, Alain Bergeron, Hélène LaRue, Cherifa Ayari, Yves Fradet, Vincent FradetDepartment of Surgery, Laval University Cancer Research Centre, CHU de Quebec Research Centre, Quebec, QC, Canada *These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Chronic inflammation is believed to be a major factor in prostate cancer initiation and promotion and has been studied using prostate cancer cells and immortalized cell lines. However, little is known about the contribution of normal cells to the prostatic microenvironment and inflammation. We aim to study the contribution of normal prostate epithelial cells to prostate inflammation and to link the inflammatory status of normal cells to prostate cancer aggressiveness.Materials and methods: Short-term primary cell cultures of normal epithelial prostate cells were derived from prostate biopsies from 25 men undergoing radical prostatectomy, cystoprostatectomy, or organ donation. Cells were treated with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid, a mimic of double-stranded viral RNA and a potent inducer of the inflammatory response. Secretion of interleukin (IL-8 in the cell culture medium by untreated and treated cells was measured and we determined the association between IL-8 levels in these primary cell cultures and prostate cancer characteristics. The Fligner–Policello test was used to compare the groups.Results: Baseline and induced IL-8 secretion were highly variable between cultured cells from different patients. This variation was not related to drug use, past medical history, age, or preoperative prostate-specific antigen value. Nonetheless, an elevated secretion of IL-8 from normal cultured epithelial cells was associated with prostate cancer aggressiveness (P=0.0005.Conclusion: The baseline secretion of IL-8 from normal prostate epithelial cells in culture is strongly correlated with cancer aggressiveness and may drive prostate cancer

  5. Effect of acidosis on IL-8 and MCP-1 during hypoxia and reoxygenation in human NT2-N neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frøyland, Elisabeth; Pedersen, Elena Didenko; Kvissel, Anne-Katrine; Almaas, Runar; Pharo, Anne; Skålhegg, Bjørn Steen; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Rootwelt, Terje

    2006-10-03

    Inflammation probably plays a significant role in perinatal brain injury. To study the contribution of locally produced cytokines, the effect on cell death of addition of IL-8 and MCP-1 or antibodies to these, and the impact of acidosis, human postmitotic NT2-N neurons were exposed to 3 h of hypoxia and glucose deprivation and reoxygenated for 21 h. After 3 h of hypoxia with neutral medium, IL-8 was significantly increased compared to controls (150 (100-250)% vs. 100 (85-115)%, p=0.023). After 21 h of neutral reoxygenation, both IL-8 (380 (110-710)% vs. 150 (85-260)%, p=0.041) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) (650 (440-2000)% vs. 310 (230-340)%, p=0.007) were significantly increased compared to controls. After 3 h of hypoxia, both IL-8 (p=0.002) and MCP-1 (p=0.008) were significantly lower in cells with acidotic compared with cells with neutral medium. Acidosis during reoxygenation, however, significantly increased IL-8 release, whereas MCP-1 release was diminished. Similar effects of acidosis were seen in normoxic controls. The cells also secreted RANTES and IP-10, but not 8 other cytokines tested. We found no effect on cell death, measured by MTT assay, of addition of IL-8, MCP-1 or antibodies to these. We conclude that human NT2-N neurons release IL-8 and MCP-1 during 21 h of reoxygenation after 3 h of hypoxia. Acidosis led to a differential effect on IL-8 and MCP-1, with increased IL-8 and decreased MCP-1, both during reoxygenation and in normoxic controls. IL-8 and MCP-1 had no effect on cell death.

  6. Luteolin 8-C-β-fucopyranoside inhibits invasion and suppresses TPA-induced MMP-9 and IL-8 via ERK/AP-1 and ERK/NF-κB signaling in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Su-Ho; Kim, Jung-Hee; Lee, Dong-Hun; Kang, Jeong-Woo; Song, Hyuk-Hwan; Oh, Sei-Ryang; Yoon, Do-Young

    2013-11-01

    Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) play major roles in tumor progression and invasion of breast cancer cells. The present study was undertaken to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of cell invasion by luteolin 8-C-β-fucopyranoside (named as LU8C-FP), a C-glycosylflavone, in human breast cancer cells. We investigated whether LU8C-FP would inhibit MMP-9 activation and IL-8 expression in 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-treated MCF-7 breast cancer cells. LU8C-FP suppressed TPA-induced MMP-9 and IL-8 secretion and mRNA expression via inhibition of the MAPK signaling pathway and down-regulation of nuclear AP-1 and NF-κB. TPA-induced phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 was suppressed by LU8C-FP, whereas JNK and p38 MAPK phosphorylation were unaffected. In addition, LU8C-FP blocked the ERK 1/2 pathways following expression of MMP-9 and IL-8. These results suggest LU8C-FP may function to suppress invasion of breast cancer cells through the ERK/AP-1 and ERK/NF-κB signaling cascades.

  7. Expression and study value of IL-8 in peripheral blood of patients with hashimoto's thyroiditis%桥本甲状腺炎患者外周血IL-8的表达及意义研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晶; 刘安宁; 张高生

    2015-01-01

    目的 检测桥本甲状腺炎患者外周血中白细胞介素-8(interleukin-8,IL-8)表达水平,探讨IL-8与甲状腺球蛋白抗体(thyroglobulin antibody,TgAb)及甲状腺过氧化物酶抗体(thyroid peroxidase antibody,TPOAb)的相关性.方法 收集52例桥本甲状腺炎患者外周血,收集25例健康人外周血作为对照组,用TRIzol提取52例桥本甲状腺炎患者及25例健康人(对照组)外周血中单个核细胞总RNA,用反转录PCR将RNA反转录为cDNA,用实时荧光定量PCR(real-time PCR)检测IL-8 mRNA表达水平;用酶联免疫吸附法(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)检测外周血中IL-8蛋白质表达水平,Pearson相关性分析方法分析IL-8表达水平与TgAb、TPOAb的相关性.结果 桥本甲状腺炎组外周血中IL-8表达高于对照组(P <0.05);IL-8表达水平与TgAb及TPOAb均呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 桥本甲状腺炎患者外周血中IL-8表达增高,且与TgAb、TPOAb水平呈正相关,本文推测IL-8可能参与桥本甲状腺炎的发病.

  8. Inhibitory effect of opiates on LPS mediated release of TNF and IL-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastami, Salumeh; Norling, Cecilia; Trinks, Cecilia; Holmlund, Birgitta; Walz, Thomas M; Ahlner, Johan; Uppugunduri, Srinivas

    2013-06-01

    Most patients with advanced cancer experience severe pain and are often treated with opiates. Cancer patients are especially susceptible to opportunistic infections due to treatment with immunosuppressive and cytostatic drugs. Since opiates have been demonstrated to have immunomodulatory effects, it is of clinical importance to evaluate potential differences between commonly used opiates with regard to their effect on the immune system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of morphine, tramadol, fentanyl and ketobemidone on the functioning of the immune system with special reference to TNF and IL-8 release. Method. U-937 cells were preincubated with different concentrations of opioids followed by stimulation with LPS 100 μg/ml for three hours. The effect of opioids on the levels of cytokine mRNA was studied using RT-PCR. Erk and Akt phosphorylation was also measured by Western blot. Results. All opioids with the exception of fentanyl were capable of inhibiting TNF release from U-937 cells. Morphine had no effect on IL-8 release but the effect of other opiates was almost the same as the effect on TNF. All opioids with the exception of fentanyl were capable of inhibiting production of mRNA for TNF and IL-8. The observed effects of opiates were not always reversible by naloxone, suggesting that the effects might be mediated by other receptors or through a non-receptor mediated direct effect. Although preliminary evidence suggests the involvement of Erk and Akt pathways, further studies are needed to unravel the intracellular pathways involved in mediating the effects of opiates. Our data suggests that the order of potency with regard to inhibition of cytokine release is as follows: tramadol > ketobemidone > morphine > fentanyl. Conclusion. Further studies are needed to understand the clinical implications of the observed immunosuppressive effects of tramadol and ketobemidone and to improve opioid treatment strategies in patients with cancer.

  9. Association of IL8 and IL10 gene allelic variants with ischemic stroke risk and prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kucherenko A. M.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Evaluating a role of IL8 gene –781 C/T, and IL10 gene –592C/A polymorphisms as genetic markers of ischemic stroke risk. Methods. A case group consisted of 183 patients with ischemic stroke, which were treated in the Brain Vascular Pathology unit of SI «Institute of Gerontology of NAMS of Ukraine». A control group included 88 healthy individuals older than 65 years without any history of ischemic stroke. Genotyping was performed using PCR followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results. Significantly (P < 0,05 higher frequency of IL8 –781T allele carriers in the case group (81,6 % comparing to the control (70,1% was revealed. –781T allele carriers have nearly 2-fold increased ischemic stroke development risk (OR = 1.886; 95 % CI: 1.041–3.417. Significantly (P < 0,05 higher frequency of IL10 gene –592C allele carriers was observed in the patients with ischemic stroke (98,2% comparing to the control (90,7 %. The ischemic stroke development risk in such individuals is 5-fold increased (OR = 5.71; 95 % CI: 1.48–22.11. It was revealed that –592C allele homozygotes with ischemic stroke have more than 2-fold higher improvement (according to the Rankin scale chances during the first fortnight of treatment (OR = 2,76; 95 % CI: 1,26–6,07. Conclusions. On the basis of the obtained significant differences, IL8 gene –781T and IL10 gene –592C variants may be considered the factors of ischemic stroke hereditary susceptibility. Besides, IL10 gene –592CC genotype is a genetic marker of the patients state positive dynamics during first two weeks of treatment.

  10. Members of the Oral Microbiota Are Associated with IL-8 Release by Gingival Epithelial Cells in Healthy Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schueller, Katharina; Riva, Alessandra; Pfeiffer, Stefanie; Berry, David; Somoza, Veronika

    2017-01-01

    The triggers for the onset of oral diseases are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to characterize the oral bacterial community in healthy humans and its association with nutrition, oral hygiene habits, and the release of the inflammatory marker IL-8 from gingival epithelial cells (GECs) with and without stimulation by bacterial endotoxins to identify possible indicator operational taxonomic units (OTUs) associated with inflammatory marker status. GECs from 21 healthy participants (13 females, 8 males) were incubated with or without addition of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPSs), and the oral microbiota was profiled using 16S rRNA gene-targeted sequencing. The basal IL-8 release after 6 h was between 9.9 and 98.2 pg/ml, and bacterial communities were characteristic for healthy oral microbiota. The composition of the oral microbiota was associated with basal IL-8 levels, the intake of meat, tea, white wine, sweets and the use of chewing gum, as well as flossing habits, allergies, gender and body mass index. Additionally, eight OTUs were associated with high basal levels of IL-8 and GEC response to LPS, with high basal levels of IL-8, and 1 with low basal levels of IL8. The identification of indicator bacteria in healthy subjects with high levels of IL-8 release is of importance as they may be promising early warning indicators for the possible onset of oral diseases. PMID:28360899

  11. Overcoming Endocrine Resistance by Targeting ER/FoxA1/IL-8 Axis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    FOXA1 in a total of 752 ER+ tumours 27 were positively correlated to the two Endo-R gene signatures (Fig. 3e and f, Pearson correlation , P < 0.001...of changes in all tested pathways between the two cell lines (MCF7L-P/FOXA1 and MCF7L- TamR/siRNA) was further analyzed using the Pearson correlation ...Allred scoring system 63 . IL-8 positive tumours were defined by Allred score > 0 for correlation analysis with FOXA1 staining. Cell invasion assay

  12. Inhibition of PKC-Induced COX-2 and IL-8 Expression in Human Breast Cancer Cells by Glucosamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Wan-Yu; Chuang, Kun-Han; Sun, David; Lee, Yu-Hsiu; Kao, Pu-Hong; Lin, Yen-Yu; Wang, Hsei-Wei; Wu, Yuh-Lin

    2015-09-01

    Breast cancer is a common cancer leading to many deaths among females. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) are two highly expressed inflammatory mediators to be induced by the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling via various inflammatory stimuli and both contribute significantly to cancer metastasis/progression. Glucosamine has been shown to act as an anti-inflammation molecule. The aim of this study was to clarify the role and acting mechanism of glucosamine during the PKC-regulation of COX-2/IL-8 expression and the associated impact on breast cancer. In MCF-7 breast cancer cells, glucosamine effectively suppresses the PKC induction of COX-2 and IL-8 promoter activity, mRNA and protein levels, as well as the production of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and IL-8. Glucosamine is able to promote COX-2 protein degradation in a calpain-dependent manner and IL-8 protein degradation in calpain-dependent and proteasome-dependent manners. The MAPK and NF-κB pathways are involved in PKC-induced COX-2 expression, but only the NF-κB pathway is involved in PKC-induced IL-8 expression. Glucosamine attenuates PKC-mediated IκBα phosphorylation, nuclear NF-κB translocation, and NF-κB reporter activation. Both PGE(2) and IL-8 promote cell proliferation and IL-8 induces cell migration; thus, glucosamine appears to suppress PKC-induced cell proliferation and migration. Furthermore, glucosamine significantly inhibits the growth of breast cancer xenografts and this is accompanied by a reduction in COX-2 and IL-8 expression. In conclusion, glucosamine seems to attenuate the inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo and this occurs, at least in part by targeting to the NF-κB signaling pathway, resulting in an inhibition of breast cancer cell growth.

  13. Expression ofVEGF,IL-6,IL-8 in serum and peritoneal fluid of patients with endometriosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-Xiang Fan

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the expression of VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 in serum and peritoneal fluid of patients with endometriosis (EMT) and their clinical significances.Methods:EMT patients who were pathologically diagnosed after laparoscopy from February, 2014 to February, 2015 were included in the study and served as the observation group. Moreover, patients with benign ovarian tumor and healthy women who came for physical examination at the same period were selected and served as the disease control group and normal control group, respectively for correlation analysis. The levels of VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 in serum and peritoneal fluid of subjects in the three groups were compared.Results:The levels of serum VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the disease control group and the normal control group (P0.05). The levels of VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 in peritoneal fluid in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the disease control group (P<0.05). With the increasing of EMT staging, the levels of VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 in serum and peritoneal fluid were correspondingly elevated. The levels of VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 in serum and peritoneal fluid at stageⅢ-Ⅳ were significantly higher than those at stageⅠ-Ⅱ(P<0.05).Conclusions:VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8 are highly expressed in serum and peritoneal fluid of patients with EMT. With the progression of the disease, the expression of VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8 shows an increasing trend. Clinical detection of the changes of VEGF, IL-6, and IL-8 levels in serum and peritoneal fluid can monitor the progression of EMT condition.

  14. IFN-gamma Impairs Release of IL-8 by IL-1beta-stimulated A549 Lung Carcinoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pfeilschifter Josef

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Production of interferon (IFN-γ is key to efficient anti-tumor immunity. The present study was set out to investigate effects of IFNγ on the release of the potent pro-angiogenic mediator IL-8 by human A549 lung carcinoma cells. Methods A549 cells were cultured and stimulated with interleukin (IL-1β alone or in combination with IFNγ. IL-8 production by these cells was analyzed with enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA. mRNA-expression was analyzed by real-time PCR and RNase protection assay (RPA, respectively. Expression of inhibitor-κ Bα, cellular IL-8, and cyclooxygenase-2 was analyzed by Western blot analysis. Results Here we demonstrate that IFNγ efficiently reduced IL-8 secretion under the influence of IL-1β. Surprisingly, real-time PCR analysis and RPA revealed that the inhibitory effect of IFNγ on IL-8 was not associated with significant changes in mRNA levels. These observations concurred with lack of a modulatory activity of IFNγ on IL-1β-induced NF-κB activation as assessed by cellular IκB levels. Moreover, analysis of intracellular IL-8 suggests that IFNγ modulated IL-8 secretion by action on the posttranslational level. In contrast to IL-8, IL-1β-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and release of IL-6 were not affected by IFNγ indicating that modulation of IL-1β action by this cytokine displays specificity. Conclusion Data presented herein agree with an angiostatic role of IFNγ as seen in rodent models of solid tumors and suggest that increasing T helper type 1 (Th1-like functions in lung cancer patients e.g. by local delivery of IFNγ may mediate therapeutic benefit via mechanisms that potentially include modulation of pro-angiogenic IL-8.

  15. Effects of Lutein and Zeaxanthin on LPS-Induced Secretion of IL-8 by Uveal Melanocytes and Relevant Signal Pathways

    OpenAIRE

    Shih-Chun Chao; Tommaso Vagaggini; Chan-Wei Nien; Sheng-Chieh Huang; Hung-Yu Lin

    2015-01-01

    The effects of lutein and zeaxanthin on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced secretion of IL-8 by uveal melanocytes (UM) were tested in cultured human UM. MTT assay revealed that LPS (0.01–1 μg/mL) and lutein and zeaxanthin (1–10 μM) did not influence the cell viability of cultured UM. LPS caused a dose-dependent increase of secretion of IL-8 by cultured UM. Lutein and zeaxanthin did not affect the constitutive secretion of IL-8. However, lutein and zeaxanthin decreased LPS-induced secretion of...

  16. Relationship of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression of SGC7901 with IL-8 in vitro%IL-8与胃癌细胞SGC7901MMP-2和MMP-9表达的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晓; 王娅兰

    2005-01-01

    目的探讨趋化因子白介素-8(IL-8)与胃癌细胞SGC7901细胞胶原酶MMP-2和MMP-9表达的关系.方法体外细胞培养,MTT法及免疫组化方法检测细胞增殖率及MMP-2,MMP-9蛋白表达.结果 IL-8处理组SGC7901细胞MMP-2表达较对照组(无IL-8)比较,具有显著增强(P<0.05),而MMP-9无明显差异.结论 IL-8能促进细胞SGC7901 MMP-2表达,而对MMP-9无明显影响.

  17. Chemokines in the skin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad D

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available In last few years, focus has shifted from cytokines which have pleiotropic biologic properties to chemokines with target cell selective activity. The separation has led frequently espoused proposition that chemokines are involved in the pathogenesis of disease having specific infiltrates and point to possible role in Chronic skin diseases. Depending upon the structure these chemokines are divided into three subfamilies, two major subfamilies: CXC and CC, and one putative subfamily C with only one member known as lymphotactin. A recent insight into chemokine physiology comes from demonstration of interaction between chemokines and their cloned receptors. These chemokine receptors are members of the transmembrane spanning (7-TMS, G-protein- coupled receptor family. So far CXC chemokine receptors and seven CC receptors have been cloned. Recently, the importance of selective chemoattractant activity of chemokines has been overshadowed by chemokine receptors emerging as new targets for anti-HIV therapy as the connection between chemokines and HIV-I had been established. Among the CXC chemokine receptors, CXCR4, and among the CC chemokines receptors, CCRI, CCR2b, CCR3, and CCR5 have been implicated as HIV-1 coreceptors.

  18. Re: Chemokines in Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fehmi Narter

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that regulate the trafficking and positioning of cells by activating the seven-transmembrane spanning G protein-coupled chemokine receptors (GPCR or non G protein-coupled seven-transmembrane spanning receptors called atypical chemokine receptors (ACKR. Chemokines are basic proteins that also bind to glycosaminoglycans which play important roles in their biology. Chemokines are divided into four subfamilies based on the position of the first two N-terminal cysteine residues, including the CC, CXC, CX3C and XC subfamilies. Nearly 50 chemokines and 20 signaling chemokine receptors and 4 AKCRs have been identified. Dysregulated expression of chemokines and their corresponding receptors is implicated in many diseases, such as autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and cancer. Chemokines are essential coordinators of cellular migration and cell-cell interactions and, therefore, have great impact on tumor development. In the tumor microenvironment, tumor-associated host cells and cancer cells release an array of different chemokines, resulting in the recruitment and activation of different cell types that mediate the balance between antitumor and pro-tumor responses. In addition to their primary role as chemoattractants, chemokines are also involved in other tumor-related processes, including tumor cell growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. Therefore, further studies of the distinctions between the pro-tumor and antitumor activities of chemokines are warranted in order to develop more effective therapies against cancer.

  19. Exercise-induced up-regulation of MMP-1 and IL-8 genes in endurance horses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvestrelli Maurizio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The stress response is a critical factor in the training of equine athletes; it is important for performance and for protection of the animal against physio-pathological disorders. In this study, the molecular mechanisms involved in the response to acute and strenuous exercise were investigated using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs. Results Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR was used to detect modifications in transcription levels of the genes for matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1 and interleukin 8 (IL-8, which were derived from previous genome-wide expression analysis. Significant up-regulation of these two genes was found in 10 horses that had completed a race of 90–120 km in a time-course experimental design. Conclusion These results suggest that MMP-1 and IL-8 are both involved in the exercise-induced stress response, and this represents a starting point from which to understand the adaptive responses to this phenomenon.

  20. Serpina1 is a potent inhibitor of IL-8-induced hematopoietic stem cell mobilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Pel, M.; van Os, R.; Velders, G.A.;

    2006-01-01

    Here, we report that cytokine-induced (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and IL-8) hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) mobilization is completely inhibited after low-dose (0.5 Gy) total-body irradiation (TBI). Because neutrophil granular proteases are regulat......Here, we report that cytokine-induced (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and IL-8) hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) mobilization is completely inhibited after low-dose (0.5 Gy) total-body irradiation (TBI). Because neutrophil granular proteases...... are regulatory mediators in cytokine-induced HSC/HPC mobilization, we considered a possible role for protease inhibitors in the induction of HSC/HPC mobilization. Bone marrow (BM) extracellular extracts that were obtained from murine femurs after 0.5 Gy of TBI contained an inhibitor of elastase. Also, after low......-dose TBI, both Serpina1 mRNA and protein concentrations were increased in BM extracts, compared with extracts that were obtained from controls. The inhibitory activity in BM extracts of irradiated mice was reversed by addition of an Ab directed against Serpina1. To further study a possible in vivo role...

  1. IL-8, a novel messenger to cross-link inflammation and tumor EMT via autocrine and paracrine pathways (Review).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Xinxin; Ye, Yingnan; Zhang, Lijie; Liu, Pengpeng; Yu, Wenwen; Wei, Feng; Ren, Xiubao; Yu, Jinpu

    2016-01-01

    The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process through which epithelial cells trans-differentiate and acquire an aggressive mesenchymal phenotype. In tumor cells, EMT is a vital step of tumor progression and metastasis. Amid the increasing interest in tumor EMT, only a few studies focused on the soluble mediators secreted by tumor cells passing through this phenotypic switch. In this review, we focus on the essential role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) signaling for the acquisition and maintenance of tumor EMT via direct and indirect mechanisms. Besides the autocrine loop between IL-8 and tumor cells that have gone through EMT, IL-8 could potentiate adjacent epithelial tumor cells into a mesenchymal phenotype via a paracrine mode. Moreover, understanding the role of IL-8 in EMT will provide insight into the pathogenesis of tumor progression and may facilitate the development of an effective strategy for the prevention and treatment of metastatic cancer.

  2. Identification of NR4A2 as a transcriptional activator of IL-8 expression in human inflammatory arthritis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Aherne, Carol M

    2009-10-01

    Expression of the orphan nuclear receptor NR4A2 is controlled by pro-inflammatory mediators, suggesting that NR4A2 may contribute to pathological processes in the inflammatory lesion. This study identifies the chemoattractant protein, interleukin 8 (IL-8\\/CXCL8), as a molecular target of NR4A2 in human inflammatory arthritis and examines the mechanism through which NR4A2 modulates IL-8 expression. In TNF-alpha-activated human synoviocyte cells, enhanced expression of IL-8 mRNA and protein correspond to temporal changes in NR4A2 transcription and nuclear distribution. Ectopic expression of NR4A2 leads to robust changes in endogenous IL-8 mRNA levels and co-treatment with TNF-alpha results in significant (p<0.001) secretion of IL-8 protein. Transcriptional effects of NR4A2 on the human IL-8 promoter are enhanced in the presence of TNF-alpha, suggesting molecular crosstalk between TNF-alpha signalling and NR4A2. A dominant negative IkappaB kinase antagonizes the combined effects of NR4A2 and TNF-alpha on IL-8 promoter activity. Co-expression of NR4A2 and the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB enhances IL-8 transcription and functional studies indicate that transactivation occurs independently of NR4A2 binding to DNA or heterodimerization with additional nuclear receptors. The IL-8 minimal promoter region is sufficient to support NR4A2 and NF-kappaB\\/p65 co-operative activity and NR4A2 can interact with NF-kappaB\\/p65 on a 39bp sequence within this region. In patients treated with methotrexate for active inflammatory arthritis, a reduction in NR4A2 synovial tissue levels correlate significantly (n=10, r=0.73, p=0.002) with changes in IL-8 expression. Collectively, these data delineate an important role for NR4A2 in modulating IL-8 expression and reveal novel transcriptional responses to TNF-alpha in human inflammatory joint disease.

  3. Chemokines and immunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palomino, Diana Carolina Torres; Marti, Luciana Cavalheiro

    2015-01-01

    Chemokines are a large family of small cytokines and generally have low molecular weight ranging from 7 to 15kDa. Chemokines and their receptors are able to control the migration and residence of all immune cells. Some chemokines are considered pro-inflammatory, and their release can be induced during an immune response at a site of infection, while others are considered homeostatic and are involved in controlling of cells migration during tissue development or maintenance. The physiologic importance of this family of mediators is resulting from their specificity − members of the chemokine family induce recruitment of well-defined leukocyte subsets. There are two major chemokine sub-families based upon cysteine residues position: CXC and CC. As a general rule, members of the CXC chemokines are chemotactic for neutrophils, and CC chemokines are chemotactic for monocytes and sub-set of lymphocytes, although there are some exceptions. This review discusses the potential role of chemokines in inflammation focusing on the two best-characterized chemokines: monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, a CC chemokine, and interleukin-8, a member of the CXC chemokine sub-family. PMID:26466066

  4. Expression and significance of IL-8 and MVD in the tissue of breast carcinoma%乳腺癌组织中IL-8和MVD的表达与预后关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘运江; 李明; 王小玲; 王永军; 刘月平

    2005-01-01

    目的:检测乳腺癌组织中IL-8和微血管密度(microvessel density,MVD)表达,探讨其与临床病理学因子及生物学因子的关系.方法:采用免疫组化SP法检测乳腺癌组织中IL-8、ER、PR、VEGF和CD105的表达.结果:1)103例乳腺癌组织中,IL-8阳性表达率为79.6%(82/103),正常及良性组织IL-8阳性率为13.8%(4/29),两者相比差异有统计学意义,P=0.000.2)MVD计数值范围为0~17.67,中位数为5.33.3)IL-8与VEGF和MVD表达均呈现正相关性,rs值分别为0.332和0.425,P值均为0.000.4)IL-8与淋巴结转移及临床分期有关,P值分别为0.002和0.024.5)IL-8与ER、PR、肿瘤大小及病理类型无关,P值分别为0.449、0.467、0.921和0.145.6)IL-8表达和MVD与乳腺癌预后有关,P值分别为0.006和0.002.结论:IL-8表达和MVD与影响乳腺癌患者预后的生物学因素相关,IL8和MVD高表达,预后差,可作为判断乳腺癌预后指标.

  5. Effect of G-CSF on induction of ENA-78 and IL-8 in the patients with malignant lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Wan-Hong; Meng, Shan; Tamura, Hideto; Kond, Asaka; Ogata, Kiyoyuki; Dan, Kazuo

    2014-04-01

    Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) restores neutrophil count in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. G-CSF can also induce production of epithelial neutrophil activating protein-78 (ENA-78) and interleukin-8 (IL-8), chemotactic factors from neutrophils in vitro. This study was purposed to investigate whether this effect is also observed in vivo. 10 lymphoma patients were selected who received chemotherapy and G-CSF (nartograstim) administration. Blood was obtained before chemotherapy [Time Point 1 (TP1)], at neutropenic phase before G-CSF administration (TP2), and at neutrophil recovery phase after G-CSF (TP3). ENA-78 and IL-8 mRNA in neutrophils were quantified by real-time PCR. Phagocytosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were examined by flow cytometry. The results showed that ENA-78 and IL-8 mRNA expression at TP2 increased in 5 and 8 patients, respectively. The ENA-78 mRNA expression at TP3 was increased in 3 and decreased in 6 patients, and IL-8 mRNA expression at TP3 decreased in 7 patients. G-CSF did not affect phagocytosis and normalized ROS generation in all of the patient. It is concluded that increase of ENA-78 and IL-8 expression in neutrophils is common in chemotherapy-induced neutropenic patients. G-CSF administration does not significantly increase ENA-78 and IL-8 expression.

  6. Comparison of IL-6, IL-8 Concentrations in H. pylori- and non-H. pylori-associated Gastritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gontar Alamsyah Siregar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a non-invasive microorganism causing intense gastric mucosal inflammatory and immune reaction. The gastric mucosal levels of the proinflammatory cytokines Interleukin 6 (IL-6 and IL-8 have been reported to be increased in H. pylori infection, but the serum levels in H. pylori infection is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the serum levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in H. pylori infection. METHODS: A cross sectional study was done on eighty consecutive gastritis patients admitted to endoscopy units at Adam Malik General Hospital and Permata Bunda Hospital, Medan, Indonesia from May-October 2014. Histopathology was performed for the diagnosis of gastritis. Rapid urease test for diagnosis of H. pylori infection. Serum samples were obtained to determine circulating IL-6 and IL-8. Univariate and bivariate analysis (independent t test were done. RESULTS: There were 41.25% patients infected with H. pylori. Circulatory IL-6 levels were significantly higher in H. pylori-infected patients compared to H. pylori negative, but there were no differences between serum levels of IL-8 in H. pylori positive and negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: The immune response to H. pylori promotes systemic inflammation, which was reflected in an increased level of serum IL-6. Serum levels of IL-8 were not significantly different between H. pylori positive and negative. KEYWORDS: Helicobacter pylori, gastritis, IL-6, IL-8, cytokine.

  7. Protein kinase A enhances lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production by human gingival fibroblasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ara Toshiaki

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Periodontal disease is accompanied by inflammation of the gingiva and destruction of periodontal tissues, leading to alveolar bone loss in severe clinical cases. Interleukin (IL-6, IL-8, and the chemical mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 are known to play important roles in inflammatory responses and tissue degradation. Recently, we reported that the protein kinase A (PKA inhibitor H-89 suppresses lipopolysaccharide (LPS-induced IL-8 production by human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs. In the present study, the relevance of the PKA activity and two PKA-activating drugs, aminophylline and adrenaline, to LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8 and PGE2 by HGFs were examined. Methods HGFs were treated with LPS from Porphyromonas gingivalis and H-89, the cAMP analog dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP, aminophylline, or adrenaline. After 24 h, IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 levels were evaluated by ELISA. Results H-89 did not affect LPS-induced IL-6 production, but suppressed IL-8 and PGE2 production. In contrast, dbcAMP significantly increased LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production. Up to 10 μg/ml of aminophylline did not affect LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, or PGE2 production, but they were significantly increased at 100 μg/ml. Similarly, 0.01 μg/ml of adrenaline did not affect LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, or PGE2 production, but they were significantly increased at concentrations of 0.1 and 1 μg/ml. In the absence of LPS, H-89, dbcAMP, aminophylline, and adrenaline had no relevance to IL-6, IL-8, or PGE2 production. Conclusion These results suggest that the PKA pathway, and also PKA-activating drugs, enhance LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production by HGFs. However, aminophylline may not have an effect on the production of these molecules at concentrations used in clinical settings (8 to 20 μg/ml in serum. These results suggest that aminophylline does not affect inflammatory responses in periodontal disease.

  8. Touch of chemokines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier eBLANCHET

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Chemoattractant cytokines or chemokines constitute a family of structurally related proteins found in vertebrates, bacteria or viruses. So far, 48 chemokines genes have been identified in humans, which bind to around 20 chemokine receptors. These receptors belong to the seven transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptors family. Chemokines and their receptors were originally studied for their role in cellular trafficking of leukocytes during inflammation and immune surveillance as well. It is now known that they exert different functions under physiological conditions such as homeostasis, development, tissue repair, and angiogenesis but also under pathological disorders including tumorigenesis, cancer metastasis, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Physicochemical properties of chemokines and chemokine receptors confer them the ability to homo- and hetero-oligomerize. Many efforts are currently performed in establishing new therapeutically compounds able to target the chemokine/chemokine receptors system.In this review, we are interested in the role of chemokines in inflammatory disease and leukocyte trafficking with a focus on vascular inflammatory diseases, the operating synergism and the emerging therapeutic approaches of chemokines.

  9. Clinical Significance of Determination of Serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF Contents in Patients with Lung Cancer%肺癌患者血清IL-6,IL-8和TNF活性测定的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴家明

    2004-01-01

    目的:探讨了肺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8和TNF含量的变化.方法:应用酶联免疫吸附法和放免法测定了40例肺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8和TNF含量,且与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:肺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8和TNF水平均非常显著地高于正常人(P<0.01),术后IL-6、IL-8和TNF水平下降.结论:测定肺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8和TNF含量对判断患者的免疫状态有一定的临床价值.

  10. Effect of orthodontic force on inflammatory periodontal tissue remodeling and expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Hao Yang; Zheng-Chen Li; Wei-Dong Kong; Wu Zhang; Ying-Ping Jia; Yue-Lan Zhang; Lin-Bo Liu; Xue-Ping Han

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective:To investigate effect of orthodontic force on inflammatory periodontal tissue remodeling and expression ofIL-6 andIL-8 in rats.Methods:EightySD rats were randomly divided into4 groups, blank control group(groupA) with5 rats, treatment normal group(group B) with25 rats, inflammation control group(group(groupC) with25 rats, inflammation treatment group(groupD) with25 rats.Immunohistochemistry and histomorphometric analysis was performed to measure the expression ofIL-6,IL-8 and the first molar to the recent movement in the distance.Results:The expression ofIL-8 reached a maximum on day5 and declined thereafter in groupB; the expression ofIL-6 reached a maximum on day5 in groupB.The expression ofIL-6 andIL-8 was gradually weakened with time in groupC.The expression of IL-6 andIL-8 were high, and reached a maximum on day5 and declined thereafter in groupD. AD of positive cells in groupD were higher than groupB at each time point(P<0.05).The time which0.49N orthodontic force was loaded was longer, orthodontic tooth movement distance was greater.Movement distance in groupD were longer than groupB(P<0.05).Conclusions:Orthodontic force as well as inflammatory stimulus can evoke the expression ofIL-6 andIL-8. Under the combined effects of inflammation and orthodontic force, the expression ofIL-6,IL-8 will increase.

  11. Role of mechanical stretching and lipopolysaccharide in early apoptosis and IL-8 of alveolar epithelial typeⅡ cells A549

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiao-Ming Ning; Xiao-Ning Sun; Xin-Kai Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effects of mechanical stretching and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the early apoptosis and IL-8 production of alveolar epithelial typeⅡ cellsA549.Methods:The experimental matrix consisted of three integrated studies.In the first study,A549 cells were subjected to different stretching strain frequency and duration time to see the effects on the early apoptosis.In the second study,A549 cells were subjected to mechanical stretch(15%4 h, 0.5Hz) andLPS(1 or100 ng/mL) to see whether mechanical strain andLPS also have an addictive effect on the early apoptosis.In the third study to investigate whether this addictive effect could be induced byLPS and mechanical stretch onIL-8 production,A549 cells were subjected to LPS(100 ng/mL) and mechanical strain(15%,0.5Hz,4 h).Real timePCR and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay were used to measure mRNA and protein level ofIL-8.The early apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.Results:Mechanical stretch induced the early apoptosis in a force and frequency and time-dependent manner.In the presence ofLPS, mechanical stretch enhancedLPS-induced early apoptosis, especially in100 ng/mLLPS group compared with1 ng/mLLPS and the control group.Mechanical stretch increasedIL-8 production and enhancedLPS-inducedIL-8 screation both in mRNA and protein levels.Conclusions:Mechanical stretch can induce the early apoptosis andIL-8 secretion.Mechanical stretch andLPS have an addictive effect on the early apoptosis andIL-8 production in alveolar type2 cells, which is one of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.

  12. Fungus induces the release of IL- 8 in human corneal epithelial cells, via Dectin-1-mediated protein kinase C pathways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu-Dong; Peng; Gui-Qiu; Zhao; Jing; Lin; Nan; Jiang; Qiang; Xu; Cheng-Cheng; Zhu; Jian-Qiu; Qu; Lin; Cong; Hui; Li

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To identify whether Aspergillus fumigatus(A.fumigatus) hyphae antigens induced the release of interleukin-8(IL-8) in anti-fungal innate immunity of cultured human corneal epithelial cells(HCECs) and determine the involvement of intracellular signalling pathways. METHODS: HCECs were treated with A. fumigatus hyphae antigens with different concentrations and time.The cytoplasmic calcium of HCECs were assessed by fluorescence imaging. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Ca2 +-dependent protein kinase C(PKC). The IL-8 levels were determined by specific human IL-8 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Using a series of pharmacological inhibitors, we examined the upstream signalling pathway responsible for IL-8 expression in response to A.fumigatus hyphae antigens. RESULTS: Cells exposed to A. fumigatus hyphae antigens showed higher level of IL-8 m RNA expression and protein production. We demonstrated here that stimulation of HCECs with A. fumigatus hyphae triggers an intracellular Ca2 +flux and results in the activation of Ca2 +-dependent PKC(α, βⅠ and βⅡ) which can be attenuated by pre-treatment of cells with laminarin,suggesting that Dectin-1 signals pathway induced cytoplasmic calcium and influence the activation of PKC in HCECs. Inhibitors of Ca2 +-dependent PKC(Ro-31-8220 and Go6976) significantly abolished hyphae-induced expression of IL-8.CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that A. fumigatushyphae-induced IL-8 expression was regulated by the activation of Dectin-1-mediated Ca2 +-dependent PKC in HCECs.

  13. Chemokine production and pattern recognition receptor (PRR) expression in whole blood stimulated with pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Møller, Anne-Sophie W; Ovstebø, Reidun; Haug, Kari Bente F; Joø, Gun Britt; Westvik, Ase-Brit; Kierulf, Peter

    2005-12-21

    Recognition of conserved bacterial structures called pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), may lead to induction of a variety of "early immediate genes" such as chemokines. In the current study, we have in an ex vivo whole blood model studied the induction of the chemokines MIP-1alpha, MCP-1 and IL-8 by various PAMPs. The rate of appearance of Escherichia coli-Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced chemokines differed. The production of MIP-1alpha and IL-8 was after 1 h of stimulation significantly higher when compared to unstimulated whole blood, whereas MCP-1 was not significantly elevated until after 3 h. At peak levels the MIP-1alpha concentration induced by E. coli-LPS was 3-5-fold higher than MCP-1 and IL-8. By specific cell depletion, we demonstrated that all three chemokines were mainly produced by monocytes. However, the mRNA results showed that IL-8 was induced in both monocytes and granulocytes. The production of all three chemokines, induced by the E. coli-LPS and Neisseria meningitidis-LPS, was significantly inhibited by antibodies against CD14 and TLR4, implying these receptors to be of importance for the effects of LPS in whole blood. The chemokine production induced by lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and non-mannose-capped lipoarabinomannan (AraLAM) was, however, less efficiently blocked by antibodies against CD14 and TLR2. E. coli-LPS and LTA induced a dose-dependent increase of CD14, TLR2 and TLR4 expression on monocytes in whole blood. These data show that PAMPs may induce chemokine production in whole blood and that antibodies against PRRs inhibit the production to different extent.

  14. RNAi-based therapeutic nanostrategy: IL-8 gene silencing in pancreatic cancer cells using gold nanorods delivery vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panwar, Nishtha; Yang, Chengbin; Yin, Feng; Yoon, Ho Sup; Chuan, Tjin Swee; Yong, Ken-Tye

    2015-09-11

    RNA interference (RNAi)-based gene silencing possesses great ability for therapeutic intervention in pancreatic cancer. Among various oncogene mutations, Interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene mutations are found to be overexpressed in many pancreatic cell lines. In this work, we demonstrate IL-8 gene silencing by employing an RNAi-based gene therapy approach and this is achieved by using gold nanorods (AuNRs) for efficient delivery of IL-8 small interfering RNA (siRNA) to the pancreatic cell lines of MiaPaCa-2 and Panc-1. Upon comparing to Panc-1 cells, we found that the dominant expression of the IL-8 gene in MiaPaCa-2 cells resulted in an aggressive behavior towards the processes of cell invasion and metastasis. We have hence investigated the suitability of using AuNRs as novel non-viral nanocarriers for the efficient uptake and delivery of IL-8 siRNA in realizing gene knockdown of both MiaPaCa-2 and Panc-1 cells. Flow cytometry and fluorescence imaging techniques have been applied to confirm transfection and release of IL-8 siRNA. The ratio of AuNRs and siRNA has been optimized and transfection efficiencies as high as 88.40 ± 2.14% have been achieved. Upon successful delivery of IL-8 siRNA into cancer cells, the effects of IL-8 gene knockdown are quantified in terms of gene expression, cell invasion, cell migration and cell apoptosis assays. Statistical comparative studies for both MiaPaCa-2 and Panc-1 cells are presented in this work. IL-8 gene silencing has been demonstrated with knockdown efficiencies of 81.02 ± 10.14% and 75.73 ± 6.41% in MiaPaCa-2 and Panc-1 cells, respectively. Our results are then compared with a commercial transfection reagent, Oligofectamine, serving as positive control. The gene knockdown results illustrate the potential role of AuNRs as non-viral gene delivery vehicles for RNAi-based targeted cancer therapy applications.

  15. Relationship between Emotion, Severity of Illness and the Effect on IL-8 in Asthmatic Children%儿童情绪与哮喘病情的关系及对IL-8的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛轶; 程自立; 王高华; 姜毅

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To examine the emotional states o f asthmatic children wit h different degrees of severity, as well as the effects of emotion on change of cytokines in airway. Methods: Asthmatic children were divi ded into two groups ac cording to the degrees of severity: moderate and mild. Their emotional states we re measured and results were compared. Correlation analysis was conducted betwee n scores on emotional scales and sputum levels of IL-8.Results: Total scores on anxiety and depression were higher in the moderate group than in the mild group. Negative correlation was found between levels of anxiety and IL-8 during acute exacerbation of asthmatic condition. Conclusion: Emotional distress was found to be increased with severity of asthmatic condition in children. Anxiety contribu ted to the decreased concentration of IL-8 in asthmatic children's airway.

  16. Inflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta, IL-8, the relationship between the TNF alpha and breast cancer%炎症因子IL-1β、IL-8、TNF-α与乳腺癌的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景彩萍; 何静子; 魏晓丽

    2014-01-01

    研究发现炎症在肿瘤的生长与增殖中发挥着重要的作用,特别是炎症因子IL-1β、IL-8、TNF-α与肿瘤的发生、发展关系更为密切.炎症因子IL-1β、IL-8、TNF-α可通过改变肿瘤细胞的生存微环境,促进肿瘤新生血管生成,从而促进肿瘤细胞生长与增殖,同时也促进了肿瘤的转移,因此研究炎症因子(IL-1β、IL-8、TNF-α)与乳腺癌的关系具有重要意义.

  17. Effect of Yinxieling decoction on PASI, TNF-α and IL-8 in patients with psoriasis vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong-Jiang Dai; Yu-Yang Li; Hui-Ming Zeng; Xiong-An Liang; Zhi-Jie Xie; Zhi-Ang Zheng; Qin-Hui Pan; Yi-Xiong Xing

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect ofYinxieling decoction onPASI,TNF-α andIL-8 in patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Methods:A total of120 cases of psoriasis vulgaris were divided into4 groups according to syndrome differentiation ofTCM and randomized controlled method: wind heat syndrome group(groupA), blood stasis syndrome group(groupB), blood dryness syndrome group (groupC) and control group(groupD)(n=30 per group).Patients in observation groups were treated withYinxieling decoction, while patients in control group were treated by placebo for8 weeks. Levels ofTNF-α andIL-8 were determined before treatment,4 and8 weeks after treatment. psoriasis area and severity index score was also performed before and after treatment.Results:psoriasis area and severity index score and serum level ofTNF-α,IL-8 were significantly decreased in all groups.The decrease in three observation groups was more significant(P<0.05 orP<0.01), and the decrease in wind heat syndrome group was the most significant(P<0.01). psoriasis area and severity index was positively correlated withTNF-α andIL-8, respectively (P<0.05).Conclusions:Yinxieling decoction has therapeutical effect on psoriasis vulgaris via regulatingTNF-α andIL-8.

  18. Staphylococcus epidermidis polysaccharide intercellular adhesin induces IL-8 expression in human astrocytes via a mechanism involving TLR2.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Stevens, Niall T

    2009-03-01

    Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic biofilm-forming pathogen associated with neurosurgical device-related meningitis. Expression of the polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) on its surface promotes S. epidermidis biofilm formation. Here we investigated the pro-inflammatory properties of PIA against primary and transformed human astrocytes. PIA induced IL-8 expression in a dose- and\\/or time-dependent manner from U373 MG cells and primary normal human astrocytes. This effect was inhibited by depletion of N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosamine polymer from the PIA preparation with Lycopersicon esculentum lectin or sodium meta-periodate. Expression of dominant-negative versions of the TLR2 and TLR4 adaptor proteins MyD88 and Mal in U373 MG cells inhibited PIA-induced IL-8 production. Blocking IL-1 had no effect. PIA failed to induce IL-8 production from HEK293 cells stably expressing TLR4. However, in U373 MG cells which express TLR2, neutralization of TLR2 impaired PIA-induced IL-8 production. In addition to IL-8, PIA also induced expression of other cytokines from U373 MG cells including IL-6 and MCP-1. These data implicate PIA as an important immunogenic component of the S. epidermidis biofilm that can regulate pro-inflammatory cytokine production from human astrocytes, in part, via TLR2.

  19. Effects of Lutein and Zeaxanthin on LPS-Induced Secretion of IL-8 by Uveal Melanocytes and Relevant Signal Pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Chun Chao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of lutein and zeaxanthin on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS- induced secretion of IL-8 by uveal melanocytes (UM were tested in cultured human UM. MTT assay revealed that LPS (0.01–1 μg/mL and lutein and zeaxanthin (1–10 μM did not influence the cell viability of cultured UM. LPS caused a dose-dependent increase of secretion of IL-8 by cultured UM. Lutein and zeaxanthin did not affect the constitutive secretion of IL-8. However, lutein and zeaxanthin decreased LPS-induced secretion of IL-8 in cultured UM in a dose-dependent manner. LPS significantly increased NF-κB levels in cell nuclear extracts and p-JNK levels in the cell lysates from UM, but not p-p38 MAPK and p-ERG. Lutein or zeaxanthin significantly reduced LPS-induced increase of NF-κB and p-JNK levels, but not p38 MAPK and ERG levels. The present study demonstrated that lutein and zeaxanthin inhibited LPS-induced secretion of IL-8 in cultured UM via JNK and NF-κB signal pathways. The anti-inflammatory effects of lutein and zeaxanthin might be explored as a therapeutic approach in the management of uveitis and other inflammatory diseases of the eye.

  20. Effects of Lutein and Zeaxanthin on LPS-Induced Secretion of IL-8 by Uveal Melanocytes and Relevant Signal Pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Shih-Chun; Vagaggini, Tommaso; Nien, Chan-Wei; Huang, Sheng-Chieh; Lin, Hung-Yu

    2015-01-01

    The effects of lutein and zeaxanthin on lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced secretion of IL-8 by uveal melanocytes (UM) were tested in cultured human UM. MTT assay revealed that LPS (0.01-1 μg/mL) and lutein and zeaxanthin (1-10 μM) did not influence the cell viability of cultured UM. LPS caused a dose-dependent increase of secretion of IL-8 by cultured UM. Lutein and zeaxanthin did not affect the constitutive secretion of IL-8. However, lutein and zeaxanthin decreased LPS-induced secretion of IL-8 in cultured UM in a dose-dependent manner. LPS significantly increased NF-κB levels in cell nuclear extracts and p-JNK levels in the cell lysates from UM, but not p-p38 MAPK and p-ERG. Lutein or zeaxanthin significantly reduced LPS-induced increase of NF-κB and p-JNK levels, but not p38 MAPK and ERG levels. The present study demonstrated that lutein and zeaxanthin inhibited LPS-induced secretion of IL-8 in cultured UM via JNK and NF-κB signal pathways. The anti-inflammatory effects of lutein and zeaxanthin might be explored as a therapeutic approach in the management of uveitis and other inflammatory diseases of the eye.

  1. Chemokines, lymphocytes, and HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farber J.M.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Chemokines are members of a family of more than 30 human cytokines whose best-described activities are as chemotactic factors for leukocytes and that are presumed to be important in leukocyte recruitment and trafficking. While many chemokines can act on lymphocytes, the roles of chemokines and their receptors in lymphocyte biology are poorly understood. The recent discoveries that chemokines can suppress infection by HIV-1 and that chemokine receptors serve, along with CD4, as obligate co-receptors for HIV-1 entry have lent urgency to studies on the relationships between chemokines and lymphocytes. My laboratory has characterized Mig and Crg-2/IP-10, chemokines that are induced by IFN-g and that specifically target lymphocytes, particularly activated T cells. We have demonstrated that the genes for these chemokines are widely expressed during experimental infections in mice with protozoan and viral pathogens, but that the patterns of mig and crg-2 expression differed, suggesting non-redundant roles in vivo. Our related studies to identify new chemokine receptors from activated lymphocytes resulted in the cloning of STRL22 and STRL33. We and others have shown that STRL22 is a receptor for the CC chemokine MIP-3a, and STRL22 has been re-named CCR6. Although STRL33 remains an orphan receptor, we have shown that it can function as a co-receptor for HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins, and that it is active with a broader range of HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins than the major co-receptors described to date. The ability of STRL33 to function with a wide variety of envelope glycoproteins may become particularly important if therapies are instituted to block other specific co-receptors. We presume that investigations into the roles of chemokines and their receptors in lymphocyte biology will provide information important for understanding the pathogenesis of AIDS and for manipulating immune and inflammatory responses for clinical benefit

  2. The Expression of IL-6,IL-8 and TNF-αin Plasma of Breast Cancer Patients%乳腺癌患者血浆中IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杨; 陈利琴; 王文斌; 缪文青; 黄明; 陈大平

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨血浆中白细胞介素( IL)-6、IL-8及肿瘤坏死因子-α( TNF- a)与乳腺癌发生发展、临床分期及骨转移的关系。方法:111例乳腺肿瘤患者根据病理结果分为乳腺良性肿瘤组( n=50)、乳腺癌组( n=61),50例健康妇女作为正常对照组,采用酶联免疫吸附( ELISA)法分别检测3组患者血浆中IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α的水平,分析3项指标与乳腺癌临床分析、肿瘤转移以及年龄(≥50岁和<50岁)的关系。结果:乳腺癌组血浆IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α水平明显高于良性肿瘤组和正常对照组( P<0.05);随着乳腺癌临床分期的提高,IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α水平逐渐升高( P<0.05);乳腺癌骨转移患者血浆IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α水平明显高于乳腺癌无转移及乳腺癌其他脏器转移患者( P <0.05);年龄对乳腺癌患者血清 IL-6、IL-8及 TNF-α水平影响不大( P >0.05)。结论:血清IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α水平与乳腺癌的发生发展有关。%Objective:To discussthe relatiohship betweeh plasma ihterleukih(IL)-6,IL-8 ahd tumor hecrosis factor-α( TNF-α)ahd the developmeht,clihical stage ahd bohe metastasis of breast cahcer. Methods:Accordihg to the pathological results,111 cases of breast cahcer patiehtswere divided ihto behigh breast tumor group( n =50 ),breast cahcer group( n =61 ),50 healthy womeh as cohtrol group. Plasma IL-6,IL-8 ahd TNF-α levels of hormal cohtrol group,breast behigh tumor group ahd breast cahcer of 3 groups were measured by ehzyme-lihked immuhosorbeht( ELISA). Theh their cor-relatioh with clihical biological characteristics of breast cahcer was ahalyzed. Results:Plasma IL-6, IL-8 ahd TNF-α levels ih breast cahcer group were sighificahtly higher thah those ih behigh tumor group( P0 . 05 ). Conclusion:Plasma IL-6 ,IL-8 ahd TNF-αlevels may be associated with the developmeht of breast cahcer.

  3. Serum TNF-α, IL-8, VEGF Levels in Helicobacter pylori Infection and Their Association with Degree of Gastritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gontar A Siregar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: to investigate the serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, VEGF in Helicobacter pylori infection, and their association with the degrees of gastritis histopathology. Methods: a cross-sectional study was done on 80 consecutive gastritis patients admitted to endoscopy units at Adam Malik General Hospital and Permata Bunda Hospital, Medan, Indonesia from July-December 2014. The Rapid Urease test was used for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection. The severity of chronic inflammation, neutrophil infiltration, atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia were assessed. Serum samples were obtained to determine circulating TNF-α, IL-8, and VEGF. Univariate and bivariate analysis (chi square, fisher’s exact, and mann-whitney test were done using SPSS version-22. Results: there were 41.25% of 80 patients infected with Helicobacter pylori. Serum TNF-α and VEGF levels in the infected group were significantly higher compared to H. pylori negative, but there were no significant differences between serum levels of IL-8 in H. pylori positive and negative. There were significant associations between serum level of TNF-α and IL-8 with degree of chronic inflammation, and also between serum level of IL-8 and degree of neutrophil infiltration. There were significant associations between serum level of VEGF and degree of atrophy, and also between serum level of VEGF and degree of intestinal metaplasia. Conclusion: High levels of TNF-α were associated with severe degree of chronic inflammation, high levels of IL-8 associated with severe degree of chronic inflammation and neutrophil infiltration, and high levels of VEGF associated with severe degree of premalignant gastric lesion. Key words: cytokine, neoangiogenesis, Helicobacter pylori, atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia.

  4. TREM-1 is a positive regulator of TNF-α and IL-8 production in U937 foam cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu-Shi; Li, Xiang-Jun; Zhao, Wai-Ou

    2012-05-01

    The purpose of our study was to investigate the expression levels of TREM-1 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1) in U937 foam cells and determine whether TREM-1 regulates the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-8 in these cells. Human U937 cells were incubated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and then oxidized human low-density lipoprotein to induce foam cell formation. Oil red O staining was used to identify the foam cells. The production of IL-8 and TNF-α by U937 foam cells was assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of TREM-1 mRNA in U937 foam cells was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Moreover, U937 foam cells were transfected by small interfering RNA using Lipofectamine 2000 to knockdown TREM-1. Western blot was performed to assay protein expression of TREM-1 and ELISA was used to examine the effect of TREM-1 knockdown on IL-8 and TNF-α production. PMA and ox-LDL induced U937 cells to form foam cells. The production of TNF-α and IL-8 was found to be significantly elevated in U937 foam cells, concomitant with a significant up-regulation of TREM-1 mRNA. TREM-1 siRNA was able to partially silence the expression of TREM-1 protein and remarkably inhibited TNF-α and IL-8 production in U937 foam cells, suggesting that TREM-1 is a positive regulator of TNF-α and IL-8 production in U937 foam cells. Our finding that TREM-1 controls the production of IL-8 and TNF-α in U937 foam cells defines a potentially critical role of TREM-1 in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and implicates TREM-1 as a potential therapeutic target for the disease.

  5. Serum TNF-α, sTNFR1, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 levels in Weil's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyriakidis, Ioannis; Samara, Pinelopi; Papa, Anna

    2011-05-01

    Studies on cytokine levels in Weil's syndrome are lacking. In this study, TNF-α, sTNFR1, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 levels were measured in 44 serum samples of patients diagnosed with Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae infection. TNF-α levels linked with pulmonary hemorrhagic implications, while elevated sTNFR1 and IL-10 levels linked with fatal cases. IL-6 and IL-8 did not seem to affect the outcome of the disease. Immune response pattern in Weil's syndrome bears resemblance to other patterns described for hemorrhagic fevers. IL-10/TNF-α ratio is proposed as a marker for prognosis.

  6. Effects of cannabidiol on the expression of IL-8 and IL-10 in HaCaT cells%大麻二酚对HaCaT细胞分泌IL-8及IL-10的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹萍; 魏志平; 吴倩; 刘彦群

    2013-01-01

    目的:评价大麻二酚(CBD)对HaCaT细胞分泌IL-8及IL-10的影响.方法:将浓度为0.5,1.0,2.0,4.0 μmol/L的CBD作用于HaCaT细胞48 h,提取总RNA,采用RT-PCR半定量检测IL-8及IL-10 mRNA的表达水平.结果:不同浓度的CBD对HaCaT细胞IL-8的分泌均有抑制作用,对IL-10的产生则有促进作用.随CBD浓度的增加,HaCaT细胞表达IL-10 mRNA逐渐增多,呈显著剂量依赖关系.结论:大麻二酚能抑制HaCaT细胞分泌IL-8,但促进IL-10的分泌.

  7. Korelasi Jumlah Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans dan Level Ekspresi Interlukin 8 (IL-8 pada Severe Early Childhood Caries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Luthfi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Karies gigi pada anak usia dini merupakan masalah kesehatan yang sangat serius karena merupakan penyakit infeksi kronis yang menular. Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir pandangan tentang neutrofil telah berubah secara dramatis. Neutrofil tidak hanya berperan sebagai pembunuh mikroba melalui proses fagositosis, pelepasan reactive oxigen species (ROS dan peptida antimikrobialnya tetapi neutrofil turut mengatur aktifasi respon imun. Interleukin-8 (IL-8 berfungsi sebagai aktivator kuat dan kemoatraktan neutrofil oleh karena itu IL-8 merupakan mediator kunci dalam migrasi neutrofil ke lokasi peradangan dan infeksi. Untuk menganalisis hubungan dari jumlah S. mutans dan ekspresi IL-8 neutrofil saliva pada anak usia dini bebas karies dan severe early childhood caries (S-ECC. Perlakuan dilakukan pada dua kelompok yaitu isolasi dan menghitung jumlah S. mutans pada sampel saliva dan sampel hasil kumur dengan NaCl 1,5% yang diisolasi neutrofilnya kemudian dianalisis ekspresi IL-8 menggunakan flow cytometry dari 20 anak bebas karies dan 20 anak severe early childhood caries. Hasil nilai rata-rata diketahui bahwa jumlah S. mutans anak usia dini bebas karies lebih rendah (513.500,00±185.565,28 CFU/ml dibandingkan dengan S-ECC (977.000,00±222.500,15 CFU/ml, sedangkan ekspresi IL-8 neutrofil saliva anak usia dini bebas karies lebih tinggi (3,31±0,50 dibandingkan dengan S-ECC (2,95+0,56. Penurunan ekspresi IL-8 neutrofil saliva kemungkinan sebagai penyebab meningkatnya jumlah S. mutans pada S-ECC. Correlation of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans Level and Interleukin 8 (IL-8 Expressions of Salivary Neutrophils in Severe Early Childhood Caries. Early childhood caries is a very serious health problem because it is a chronic infectious disease that is contagious. Dental caries begins after the primary teeth grow and develop on the tooth surface very quickly and progressively. In recent years the views of neutrophils have changed dramatically. Neutrophils

  8. 前列腺液IL-6、IL-8在诊断BPH合并CP的临床意义%The clinical significance of IL-6 and IL-8 in EPS in diagnosis of BPH with chronic prostatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兴斌; 王海峰; 常丛旺; 杨宇; 郭鹏飞; 赖建平

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the significance that the concentration levels change of IL-6 and IL-8 in EPS were used to distinguish simple BPH and BPH with chronic prostatitis. Methods Patients with BPH who needed prostate surgery could through prostatic massage to get EPS before surgery, then the Concentration of IL-6 and IL-8 were measured. The prostate tissue specimens were Collected in surgery, according to the pathological prostatitis diagnosis standard to confirm research object of patients who had simple BPH and BPH with chronic prostatitis. Results The IL-6 and IL-8 in EPS which BPH with chronic prostatitis expressed was higher than simple BPH. Conclusion The Concentration levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in EPS which were close to patients whether BPH with chronic prostatitis were more effective to distinguish simple BPH and BPH with chronic prostatitis.%目的 探讨前列腺液(EPS)内IL-6(白细胞介素6)、IL-8浓度水平对区分单纯良性前列腺增生(BPH)和BPH合并慢性前列腺炎(CP)的意义.方法 100例前列腺手术的BPH病人,在术前行前列腺液IL-6、IL-8浓度检测.术中取前列腺组织标本,根据病理前列腺炎诊断标准确定单纯BPH患者与BPH合并CP患者.结果 BPH合并CP病人EPS中IL-6、L-8浓度较单纯BPH病人明显升高(P<0.01或P<0.05).结论 EPS中IL-6、IL-8浓度水平与BPH患者是否伴发CP的关系密切,二者在区别单纯BPH与BPH合并CP时具有较高价值.

  9. IL-8和Eotaxin在哮喘大鼠中的表达及地塞米松的作用%Expression of IL-8 and Eotaxin in rat asthma modeland role of dexmethasone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪浩; 武晓兰; 谭红霞; 范晓云

    2012-01-01

    investigate the expression of IL-8 and Eotaxin in peripheral blood, bronchoalveolar lav-age fluid ( BALF ), mRNA and protein expressions of Eotaxin in lung tissue of asthma rat, and observe the effection of IL-8 and Eotaxin on dexamethasone( DXM ). Methods Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into control group, asthma model group and DXM group. Asthma rat model was established by sensitization and stimulation with ovalbumin( OVA ). Cell differential counting was conducted in BALF. IL-8 and Eotaxin levels in serum and BALF were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA ). The lung tissue slices were stained with HE. The mRNA and protein expressions of Eotaxin in lung tissue were measured with real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical techniques. Results Total white blood cell number, the percentage of eosinophils, neu-trophils and lymphocytes in BALF of asthma group were significantly higher than those in control group( P < 0. 01 ); The expression of IL-8, Eotaxin in serum and BLAF of asthma group were increased than those in control group( P <0. 01 ),which was descreased in dexamethasone treated group than those in asthma group( P <0. 05 ). The mRNA and protein expressions of Eotaxin in lung tissue of asthma group were higher than those both in control group and asthma group( P <0. 05 ,P < 0. 01 ). Conclusions IL-8 and Eotaxin are involved in inflammation of asthma, and dexmethasone may inhibit the expression of IL-8 and Eotaxin to relieve aggregation and activation of neutrophil and eosinophil. Which may be one mechanism of dexmethasone to attenuate inflammation of asthma.%目的 研究哮喘大鼠外周血、肺泡灌洗液(BALF)中白介素-8(IL-8)、嗜酸性粒细胞趋化因子(Eotaxin)水平和肺组织Eotaxin mRNA及蛋白表达及地塞米松(DXM)对其影响.方法 30只SD大鼠随机平均分为正常组、哮喘组、DXM组.以卵蛋白(OVA)致敏和激发建立大鼠哮喘模型,BALF行细胞计数和分类;ELISA法检测血、BALF中IL

  10. Relationship and significance of the expression of COX-2 and IL-8 in breast cancer%乳腺癌组织中COX-2与IL-8表达的相关性及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈守华; 张丽丽; 顾禾; 付荣湛

    2008-01-01

    目的:探讨乳腺癌组织中环氧化酶-2(COX-2)和白细胞介素-8(IL-8)表达的相关性及临床意义.方法:采用免疫组织化学法对60例乳腺癌患者病理组织中的COX-2和IL-8进行检测,并与31例乳腺良性疾病对照,分析其相关性,以及二者与肿瘤大小、浸润程度、TNM分期、淋巴结转移及雌激素受体(estrogen receptor,ER)和孕激素受体(progesteronreceptor,PR)表达等生物学行为的关系.结果:乳腺癌组织中COX-2和IL-8阳性表达率分别为66.7%、60.0%均显著高于对照组(P=0.000 6、P=0.000 2),且二者表达存在明显正相关(r=0.433,P0.05).结论:COX-2和IL-8在乳腺癌组织中过度表达且呈正相关,提示乳腺癌组织中COX-2和IL-8存在相互调控机制,共同促进肿瘤的发生和发展.

  11. Treponema pallidum (syphilis) antigen TpF1 induces angiogenesis through the activation of the IL-8 pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozzobon, Tommaso; Facchinello, Nicola; Bossi, Fleur; Capitani, Nagaja; Benagiano, Marisa; Di Benedetto, Giulietta; Zennaro, Cristina; West, Nicole; Codolo, Gaia; Bernardini, Marialina; Baldari, Cosima Tatiana; D'Elios, Mario Milco; Pellegrini, Luca; Argenton, Francesco; de Bernard, Marina

    2016-01-05

    Over 10 million people every year become infected by Treponema pallidum and develop syphilis, a disease with broad symptomatology that, due to the difficulty to eradicate the pathogen from the highly vascularized secondary sites of infection, is still treated with injections of penicillin. Unlike most other bacterial pathogens, T. pallidum infection produces indeed a strong angiogenic response whose mechanism of activation, however, remains unknown. Here, we report that one of the major antigen of T. pallidum, the TpF1 protein, has growth factor-like activity on primary cultures of human endothelial cells and activates specific T cells able to promote tissue factor production. The growth factor-like activity is mediated by the secretion of IL-8 but not of VEGF, two known angiogenic factors. The pathogen's factor signals IL-8 secretion through the activation of the CREB/NF-κB signalling pathway. These findings are recapitulated in an animal model, zebrafish, where we observed that TpF1 injection stimulates angiogenesis and IL-8, but not VEGF, secretion. This study suggests that the angiogenic response observed during secondary syphilis is triggered by TpF1 and that pharmacological therapies directed to inhibit IL-8 response in patients should be explored to treat this disease.

  12. Virodhamine and CP55,940 modulate cAMP production and IL-8 release in human bronchial epithelial cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gkoumassi, E.; Dekkers, B. G. J.; Droege, M. J.; Elzinga, C. R. S.; Schmidt, M.; Meurs, H.; Zaagsma, J.; Nelemans, S. A.

    2007-01-01

    Background and purpose: We investigated expression of cannabinoid receptors and the effects of the endogenous cannabinoid virodhamine and the synthetic agonist CP55,940 on cAMP accumulation and interleukin-8 (IL-8) release in human bronchial epithelial cells. Experimental approach: Human bronchial e

  13. The influence of adhesin protein from Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans on IL-8 and MMP-8 titre in aggressive periodontitis

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    Rini Revijanti Ridwan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adhesion can actually be considered as a part of both a powerful survival mechanism and a virulence mechanism for bacterial pathogens. Bacterial adhesin is an instrument for bacteria to do invasion to host. Bacterial adhesin depends on ligand interaction as a signaling mediator that will influence invasion and increase pro and anti-inflammatory because of the influence of the receptors of innate immune response. Aggregatibacter actimycetemcomitans has fimbriae included in type IV pili containing mostly with protein weighed 6.5 kDa and at least with protein weighed 54 kDa. Purpose: The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of the induction of adhesin protein derived from A. actinomycetemcomitans on IL-8 and MMP-8 titre of Wistar rats. Methods: Adhesin protein derived from A. actinomycetemcomitans weighed 24 kDa was induced on the maxillary first molar sulcus of Wistar rats to prove that adhesin protein could affect IL-8 and MMP-8 titre. Next, to determine its influence, Elisa technique was conducted. Results: It is known that the levels of IL-8 and MMP-8 titre were increased in the group induced with adhesin protein derived from A. actinomycetemcomitans compared with the control group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that adhesin protein derived from A. actinomycetemcomitans can cause alveolar bone damage through the increasing levels of IL-8 and MMP-8 in aggressive periodontitis.

  14. Effects of ulinastatin and docataxel on breast tumor growth and expression of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α

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    Luo Jie

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective This study investigated the effects of Ulinastatin (UTI and docataxel (Taxotere, TAX on tumor growth and expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6, interleukin-8 (IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α in breast cancer. Methods MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma cells were cultured in vitro and injected into nude mice to establish breast tumor xenografts in vivo. Cultured cells and mice with tumors were randomly divided into four groups for treatment with TAX, UTI, and TAX+UTI. The effects of these drug treatments on cell proliferation and apoptosis was measured using the MTT assay and the Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI double-staining method, respectively. IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α expression levels were determined by measuring mRNA transcripts in cultured cells by RT-PCR and cytokine proteins in solid tumors using immunohistochemistry. Results UTI, TAX, and UTI+TAX inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro and tumors in vivo. These two drugs, particularly when used in combination, promote tumor cell apoptosis and down-regulate the expression IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α cytokines. Conclusion Both UTI and TAX inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cells. UTI enhanced the inhibitory effect of TAX by a mechanism consistent with the down-regulated expression of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α.

  15. Finding ATF4/p75NTR/IL-8 Signal Pathway in Endothelial–Mesenchymal Transition by Safrole Oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Wenbo; Yue, Hongwei; Su, Le; Zhang, ShangLi; Zhao, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Targeting the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) may be a novel therapeutic strategy for cancer and various diseases induced by fibrosis. We aimed to identify a small chemical molecule as an inducer of EndoMT and find a new signal pathway by using the inducer. Safrole oxide (SFO), 50 µg/ml, could most effectively induce EndoMT within 12 h. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism, we performed microarray, quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis to find key factors involved in SFO-induced EndoMT and demonstrated the involvement of the factors by RNAi. The expression of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), and interleukin 8 (IL-8) was greatly increased in SFO-induced EndoMT. Knockdown of ATF4 inhibited the SFO-induced EndoMT completely, and knockdown of p75NTR or IL-8 partially inhibited the EndoMT, which suggests that all three factors were involved in the process. Furthermore, knockdown of p75NTR inhibited the SFO-increased IL-8 expression and secretion, and knockdown of ATF4 inhibited SFO-increased p75NTR level significantly. The ATF4/p75NTR/IL-8 signal pathway may have an important role in EndoMT induced by SFO. Our findings support potential novel targets for the therapeutics of cancer and fibrosis disease. PMID:24905361

  16. Finding ATF4/p75NTR/IL-8 signal pathway in endothelial-mesenchymal transition by safrole oxide.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Ge

    Full Text Available Targeting the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT may be a novel therapeutic strategy for cancer and various diseases induced by fibrosis. We aimed to identify a small chemical molecule as an inducer of EndoMT and find a new signal pathway by using the inducer. Safrole oxide (SFO, 50 µg/ml, could most effectively induce EndoMT within 12 h. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism, we performed microarray, quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis to find key factors involved in SFO-induced EndoMT and demonstrated the involvement of the factors by RNAi. The expression of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4, p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR, and interleukin 8 (IL-8 was greatly increased in SFO-induced EndoMT. Knockdown of ATF4 inhibited the SFO-induced EndoMT completely, and knockdown of p75NTR or IL-8 partially inhibited the EndoMT, which suggests that all three factors were involved in the process. Furthermore, knockdown of p75NTR inhibited the SFO-increased IL-8 expression and secretion, and knockdown of ATF4 inhibited SFO-increased p75NTR level significantly. The ATF4/p75NTR/IL-8 signal pathway may have an important role in EndoMT induced by SFO. Our findings support potential novel targets for the therapeutics of cancer and fibrosis disease.

  17. Finding ATF4/p75NTR/IL-8 signal pathway in endothelial-mesenchymal transition by safrole oxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Di; Jing, Qingchuan; Zhao, Wenbo; Yue, Hongwei; Su, Le; Zhang, ShangLi; Zhao, Jing

    2014-01-01

    Targeting the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) may be a novel therapeutic strategy for cancer and various diseases induced by fibrosis. We aimed to identify a small chemical molecule as an inducer of EndoMT and find a new signal pathway by using the inducer. Safrole oxide (SFO), 50 µg/ml, could most effectively induce EndoMT within 12 h. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism, we performed microarray, quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis to find key factors involved in SFO-induced EndoMT and demonstrated the involvement of the factors by RNAi. The expression of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4), p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), and interleukin 8 (IL-8) was greatly increased in SFO-induced EndoMT. Knockdown of ATF4 inhibited the SFO-induced EndoMT completely, and knockdown of p75NTR or IL-8 partially inhibited the EndoMT, which suggests that all three factors were involved in the process. Furthermore, knockdown of p75NTR inhibited the SFO-increased IL-8 expression and secretion, and knockdown of ATF4 inhibited SFO-increased p75NTR level significantly. The ATF4/p75NTR/IL-8 signal pathway may have an important role in EndoMT induced by SFO. Our findings support potential novel targets for the therapeutics of cancer and fibrosis disease.

  18. Environmental Factors Impacting Bone-Relevant Chemokines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Justin T.; Schneider, Andrew D.; Katchko, Karina M.; Yun, Chawon; Hsu, Erin L.

    2017-01-01

    Chemokines play an important role in normal bone physiology and the pathophysiology of many bone diseases. The recent increased focus on the individual roles of this class of proteins in the context of bone has shown that members of the two major chemokine subfamilies—CC and CXC—support or promote the formation of new bone and the remodeling of existing bone in response to a myriad of stimuli. These chemotactic molecules are crucial in orchestrating appropriate cellular homing, osteoblastogenesis, and osteoclastogenesis during normal bone repair. Bone healing is a complex cascade of carefully regulated processes, including inflammation, progenitor cell recruitment, differentiation, and remodeling. The extensive role of chemokines in these processes and the known links between environmental contaminants and chemokine expression/activity leaves ample opportunity for disruption of bone healing by environmental factors. However, despite increased clinical awareness, the potential impact of many of these environmental factors on bone-related chemokines is still ill defined. A great deal of focus has been placed on environmental exposure to various endocrine disruptors (bisphenol A, phthalate esters, etc.), volatile organic compounds, dioxins, and heavy metals, though mainly in other tissues. Awareness of the impact of other less well-studied bone toxicants, such as fluoride, mold and fungal toxins, asbestos, and chlorine, is also reviewed. In many cases, the literature on these toxins in osteogenic models is lacking. However, research focused on their effects in other tissues and cell lines provides clues for where future resources could be best utilized. This review aims to serve as a current and exhaustive resource detailing the known links between several classes of high-interest environmental pollutants and their interaction with the chemokines relevant to bone healing. PMID:28261155

  19. ExoU activates NF-κB and increases IL-8/KC secretion during Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.

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    Carolina Diettrich Mallet de Lima

    Full Text Available ExoU, a Pseudomonas aeruginosa cytotoxin injected into host cytosol by type III secretion system, exhibits a potent proinflammatory activity that leads to a marked recruitment of neutrophils to infected tissues. To evaluate the mechanisms that account for neutrophil infiltration, we investigated the effect of ExoU on IL-8 secretion and NF-κB activation. We demonstrate that ExoU increases IL-8 mRNA and protein levels in P. aeruginosa-infected epithelial and endothelial cell lines. Also, ExoU induces the nuclear translocation of p65/p50 NF-κB transactivator heterodimer as well as NF-κB-dependent transcriptional activity. ChIP assays clearly revealed that ExoU promotes p65 binding to NF-κB site in IL-8 promoter and the treatment of cultures with the NF-κB inhibitor Bay 11-7082 led to a significant reduction in IL-8 mRNA levels and protein secretion induced by ExoU. These results were corroborated in a murine model of pneumonia that revealed a significant reduction in KC secretion and neutrophil infiltration in bronchoalveolar lavage when mice were treated with Bay 11-7082 before infection with an ExoU-producing strain. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that ExoU activates NF-κB, stimulating IL-8 expression and secretion during P. aeruginosa infection, and unveils a new mechanism triggered by this important virulence factor to interfere in host signaling pathways.

  20. Haplotypes in IL-8 Gene Are Associated to Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case-Control Study.

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    Federico Ricci

    Full Text Available Age-related macular degeneration (AMD is the main cause of blindness in the developed world. The etiology of AMD is multifactorial due to the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. IL-8 has a role in inflammation and angiogenesis; we report the genetic characterization of IL-8 allele architecture and evaluate the role of SNPs or haplotypes in the susceptibility to wet AMD, case-control study.Case-control study including 721 AMD patients and 660 controls becoming from Italian population. Genotyping was carried out by Real Time-PCR. Differences in the frequencies were estimated by the chi-square test. Direct sequencing was carried out by capillary electrophoresis trough ABI3130xl.rs2227306 showed a p-value of 4.15*10(-5 and an Odds Ratio (OR for T allele of 1.39 [1.19-1.62]. After these positive results, we sequenced the entire IL-8 regulatory and coding regions of 60 patients and 30 controls stratified for their genotype at rs2227306. We defined two different haplotypes involving rs4073 (A/T, rs2227306 (C/T, rs2227346 (C/T and rs1126647 (A/T: A-T-T-T (p-value: 2.08*10(-9; OR: 1.68 [1.43-1.97] and T-C-C-A (p-value: 7.07*10(-11; OR: 0.60 [0.51-0.70]. To further investigate a potential functional role of associated haplotypes, we performed an expression study on RNA extracted from whole blood of 75 donors to verify a possible direct correlation between haplotype and gene expression, failing to reveal significant differences.These results suggest a possible secondary role of IL-8 gene in the development of the disease. This paper outlines the importance of association between inflammation and AMD. Moreover IL-8 is a new susceptibility genomic biomarker of AMD.

  1. Immunologic changes in TNF-alpha, sE-selectin, sP-selectin, sICAM-1, and IL-8 in pediatric patients treated for psoriasis with the Goeckerman regimen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borska, L.; Fiala, Z.; Krejsek, J.; Andrys, C.; Vokurkova, D.; Hamakova, K.; Kremlacek, J.; Ettler, K. [Charles University of Prague, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic). Faculty of Medicine

    2007-11-15

    Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which is often manifested during childhood. The present study investigated changes in the serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and soluble forms of adhesion molecules in children with psoriasis. The observed patient group of 26 children was treated with the Goeckerman regimen. This therapy combines dermal application of crude coal tar with ultraviolet radiation. The Psoriasis Area Severity Index decreased significantly after treatment by with the Goeckerman regimen (p < 0.001). Serum levels of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and adhesion molecules sICAM-1, sP-selectin and sE-selectin decreased after the Goeckerman regimen. The TNF-alpha and sICAM-1 decreased significantly (p < 0.05). Our findings support the complex role of these immune parameters in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis in children. The serum level of IL-8 increased after the Goeckerman regimen. This fact indicates that the chemokine pathway of IL-8 activity could be modulated by this treatment, most likely by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

  2. Transcriptional mechanisms and protein kinase signaling mediate organic dust induction of IL-8 expression in lung epithelial and THP-1 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottipati, Koteswara R; Bandari, Shiva Kumar; Nonnenmann, Matthew W; Levin, Jeffrey L; Dooley, Gregory P; Reynolds, Stephen J; Boggaram, Vijay

    2015-01-01

    Exposure to the agricultural work environment is a risk factor for the development of respiratory symptoms and chronic lung diseases. Inflammation is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of tissue injury and disease. Cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating lung inflammatory responses to agricultural dust are not yet fully understood. We studied the effects of poultry dust extract on molecular regulation of interleukin-8 (IL-8), a proinflammatory cytokine, in A549 and Beas2B lung epithelial and THP-1 monocytic cells. Our findings indicate that poultry dust extract potently induces IL-8 levels by increasing IL-8 gene transcription without altering IL-8 mRNA stability. Increase in IL-8 promoter activity was due to enhanced binding of activator protein 1 and NF-κB. IL-8 induction was associated with protein kinase C (PKC) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and inhibited by PKC and MAPK inhibitors. IL-8 increase was not inhibited by polymyxin B or l-nitroarginine methyl ester, indicating lack of involvement of lipopolysaccharide and nitric oxide in the induction. Lung epithelial and THP-1 cells share common mechanisms for induction of IL-8 levels. Our findings identify key roles for transcriptional mechanisms and protein kinase signaling pathways for IL-8 induction and provide insights into the mechanisms regulating lung inflammatory responses to organic dust exposure.

  3. Effects of long-term smoking on expression of IL-8 and E-selectin in rat lungs%长期吸烟对大鼠肺E-选择素和IL-8表达影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万丹; 李文芳; 石梦蝶; 刘福荣

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨长期吸烟对大鼠的肺损伤及相关炎性因子表达的影响.方法 56只雄性SD大鼠,随机分为对照组和低、中、高3个剂量吸烟组,采用自主开发的吸烟机给烟12周;放免法检测支气管肺灌洗液(BALF)中白介素-8(IL-8)的含量,免疫组化法检测肺血管内皮细胞E-选择素的表达水平.结果 高、中、低剂量吸烟组大鼠BALF中IL-8的含量分别为(0.77±0.010)、(0.71±0.171)、(0.62±0.088)ng/mL,高于对照组(0.28±0.133))ng/mL,差异有统计学意义(p<0.01);高、中、低剂量吸烟组E-选择素的表达分别为(0.27±0.030)、(0.18±0.034)、(0.16±0.025),均高于对照组(0.07±0.023),差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);中剂量吸烟组肺血管内皮细胞E-选择素与BALF中IL-8的含量呈明显正相关(r=0.716,P<0.01).结论 长期吸烟导致气道炎症介质IL-8和E-选择素的表达升高,促进气道内炎症反应,对支气管肺组织造成严重损害.%Objective To investigate the influence of long-term smoking on the expression of inflammatory factors in rat lung tissue. Methods Fifty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups:control, low-, moderate-, and highdose group. The rats in each group were exposed to cigarette smoke at different dose for 12 weeks. The level of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was measured with radioimmunoassay. Immunohistochemistry assay was carried out to examine the expression of E-selectin in lung tissue. Results The levels of IL-8 in BALF increased significantly in high-,moderate-,and low-dose group(0. 77 ±0.010,0. 71 ±0. 171 ,and 0. 62 ± 0. 088,respectively) compared to that of the control group(0. 28 ± 0. 133, P < 0. 01 ). The expression of E-selectin in pulmonary vascular increased significantly in high- , moderate- , and low-dose group(0. 27 ±0. 030,0. 18 ±0. 034,and 0. 16 ±0. 025,respectively) compared to that of the control group (0. 07 ± 0. 023,P < 0. 01 ). The level of IL-8

  4. IL-8 mRNA 定量检测在活动性结核病鉴别诊断中的价值%Diagnostic value of IL-8 mRNA in the differential diagnosis of active tuberculosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹志红; 曹彦; 程小星

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the mRNA expression of IL-8 from PBMCs stimulated with Mtb-specific antigens between pulmonary tuberculosis patients with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and non-tuberculosis in-fection healthy controls. Methods The mRNA expression of IL-8 from PBMCs stimulated with Mtb-specific antigens was quantitatively detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cutoff points yielding the highest specificity and sensitivity, and discriminative ability was evaluated by the area under the ROC curve. Results The mRNA expression of IL-8 in tuberculosis patients was sig-nificantly higher than that in LTBI patients and healthy controls (P 3. 985) to identify active infection was 0. 72, with 54. 17% of sensitivity and 90% of specificity. The positive re-sult likelihood ratio was 5. 42, and 64. 7% of the cases were correctly classified. Conclusion The expression of IL-8 can be used as a biomarker for distinguishing between latent tuberculosis infection and active infection.%目的:研究活动性肺结核患者外周血单个核细胞(PBMCs)经结核特异性抗原刺激后白介素-8(interleukin-8,IL-8)的 mRNA 表达情况并与结核潜伏感染(latent tuberculosis infection,LTBI)及非结核感染健康对照组进行比较。方法提取研究对象的 PBMCs,经特异性抗原肽刺激后,收集细胞并提取总 RNA 然后经实时荧光定量 PCR 检测技术比较各组 IL-8 mRNA 表达情况。然后以敏感性(sensitivity)为纵坐标,1-特异性(1-specificity)为横坐标绘制结核组和 LTBI 组相比较的 ROC 曲线。结果经结核特异性抗原刺激后,结核组PBMCs 中 IL-8基因 mRNA 的相对表达量明显高于 LTBI 和健康对照组,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。 ROC曲线下面积为0.72。以3.985为临界值,鉴别活动性结核病和 LTBI 的敏感性和特异性分别为54.17%和90.00%,此时阳性似然比等于5.42,64.7%的

  5. Human astrocytes: secretome profiles of cytokines and chemokines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung S Choi

    Full Text Available Astrocytes play a key role in maintenance of neuronal functions in the central nervous system by producing various cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors, which act as a molecular coordinator of neuron-glia communication. At the site of neuroinflammation, astrocyte-derived cytokines and chemokines play both neuroprotective and neurotoxic roles in brain lesions of human neurological diseases. At present, the comprehensive profile of human astrocyte-derived cytokines and chemokines during inflammation remains to be fully characterized. We investigated the cytokine secretome profile of highly purified human astrocytes by using a protein microarray. Non-stimulated human astrocytes in culture expressed eight cytokines, including G-CSF, GM-CSF, GROα (CXCL1, IL-6, IL-8 (CXCL8, MCP-1 (CCL2, MIF and Serpin E1. Following stimulation with IL-1β and TNF-α, activated astrocytes newly produced IL-1β, IL-1ra, TNF-α, IP-10 (CXCL10, MIP-1α (CCL3 and RANTES (CCL5, in addition to the induction of sICAM-1 and complement component 5. Database search indicated that most of cytokines and chemokines produced by non-stimulated and activated astrocytes are direct targets of the transcription factor NF-kB. These results indicated that cultured human astrocytes express a distinct set of NF-kB-target cytokines and chemokines in resting and activated conditions, suggesting that the NF-kB signaling pathway differentially regulates gene expression of cytokines and chemokines in human astrocytes under physiological and inflammatory conditions.

  6. Differential regulation of iron chelator-induced IL-8 synthesis via MAP kinase and NF-κB in immortalized and malignant oral keratinocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Suk-Keun

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interleukin-8 (IL-8 is a cytokine that plays an important role in tumor progression in a variety of cancer types; however, its regulation is not well understood in oral cancer cells. In the present study, we examined the expression and mechanism of IL-8 in which it is involved by treating immortalized (IHOK and malignant human oral keratinocytes (HN12 cells with deferoxamine (DFO. Methods IL-8 production was measured by an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR analysis. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays was used to determine NF-κB binding activity. Phosphorylation and degradation of the I-κB were analyized by Western blot. Results IHOK cells incubated with DFO showed increased expression of IL-8 mRNA, as well as higher release of the IL-8 protein. The up-regulation of DFO-induced IL-8 expression was higher in IHOK cells than in HN12 cells and was concentration-dependent. DFO acted additively with IL-1β to strongly up-regulate IL-8 in IHOK cells but not in HN12 cells. Accordingly, selective p38 and ERK1/2 inhibitors for both kinases abolished DFO-induced IL-8 expression in both IHOK and HN12 cells. Furthermore, DFO induced the degradation and phosphorylation of IκB, and activation of NF-κB. The IL-8 inducing effects of DFO were mediated by a nitric oxide donor (S-nitrosoglutathione, and by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, an inhibitor of NF-κB, as well as by wortmannin, which inhibits the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent activation of NAD(PH oxidase. Conclusion This results demonstrate that DFO-induced IL-8 acts via multiple signaling pathways in immortalized and malignant oral keratinocytes, and that the control of IL-8 may be an important target for immunotheraphy against human oral premalignant lesions.

  7. IL-6和IL-8在三氯乙烯致敏豚鼠血清中的变化%Variation of IL-6 and IL-8 levels in serum of guinea pigs sensitized by trichloroethylene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪亮; 汪立杰; 戴丹; 沈彤; 朱启星

    2010-01-01

    目的 通过豚鼠致敏最大值试验(guinea pig maximization teat,GPMT)方法建立豚鼠致敏模型,检测并比较TCE致敏豚鼠与未致敏豚鼠血清中IL-6和IL-8的水平,探讨IL-6和IL-8在三氯乙烯(TCE)过敏性皮炎中的作用.方法 将豚鼠随机分为空白对照组,溶剂(橄榄油)对照组,DNCB阳性对照组和TCE处理组.采用GPMT法建立豚鼠致敏模型.根据致敏结果及末次激发后采血的不同时点将TCE处理组分为TCE未致敏24 h组,TCE致敏24 h组.TCE未致敏72 h组,TCE致敏72 h组.用ELISA试剂盒测定血清中IL-6和IL-8的含量.结果 DNCB组致敏率为100%,TCE组致敏率为62.1%.溶剂对照组与空白对照组差异均无统计学意义.与溶剂对照组相比,TCE未致敏24 h组IL-6水平降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),TCE未致敏72 h组与TCE未致敏24 h组相比,IL-6水平明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).与溶剂对照组相比,TCE未致敏72组IL-8水平明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 血清中细胞因子IL-6和IL-8水平在TCE诱导的致敏组和未致敏组豚鼠间,仅个别时间段的差异有统计学意义,提示两者可能仅在一定时间段中发挥作用.

  8. Down-regulation of IL-8 expression in human airway epithelial cells through helper-dependent adenoviral-mediated RNA interference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huibi CAO; Anan WANG; Bernard MARTIN; David R.KOEHLER; Pamela L.ZEITLIN; A.Keith TANAWELL; Jim HU

    2005-01-01

    Interleukin (IL)-8 is a potent neutrophil chemotactic factor and a crucial mediator in neutrophil-dependent inflammation.Various cell types produce IL-8, either in response to external stimuli such as cytokines or bacterial infection, or after malignant transformation. Anti-IL-8 strategies have been considered for anti-inflammatory therapy. In this paper we demonstrate that the RNA interference technique can be used to efficiently down-regulate IL-8 protein expression in airway epithelial cells. We used a helper-dependent adenoviral vector to express a small hairpin (sh)RNA targeting human IL-8 in cultured airway epithelial cells (IB3-1, Cftr-/-; C38, Cftr-corrected) stimulated with TNF-α, IL-1 β or heat-inactivated Burkholderia cenocepacia. Stimulated IL-8 expression in IB3-1 and C38 cells was significantly reduced by shRNA expression. The shRNA targeting IL-8 had no effect on the activation of NF-κB, or on the protein levels of Iκ B or IL-6, suggesting that this anti-IL-8 strategy was highly specific, and therefore may offer potential for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

  9. Evaluation and comparison of interleukin-8 (IL-8 level in gingival crevicular fluid in health and severity of periodontal disease: A clinico-biochemical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushma S Lagdive

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cytokines play an important role in the pathology associated with chronic inflammatory diseases. Because of pro-inflammatory and neutrophil chemotactic properties, the cytokines like interleukins (IL may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. The biological effects of IL-8 are relevant in this regard. Aim: This study was done to compare the level of this molecule in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF from patients with adult periodontitis (experimental group and from individuals with clinically healthy gingival (control group. Materials and Methods: GCF was collected from patients with adult periodontitis and clinically healthy gingival for 30 s using a Periopaper strip and the volume of the sample determined. Following elution of the fluid, assays for IL-8 were carried out by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. The concentration of IL-8 was calculated in the original volume of GCF on each strip. Results: The level of IL-8 in the experimental group was significantly higher than in the control group ( P < 0.01. The clinical parameters were positively correlated to IL-8, suggesting that the GCF IL-8 exhibited dynamic changes upon severity of periodontal disease ( P < 0.05. Conclusion: These data suggest that level of IL-8 is associated with periodontal status. The level of IL-8 in GCF is valuable in detecting the inflammation of periodontal tissue.

  10. Mast cell-derived TNF-α and histamine modify IL-6 and IL-8 expression and release from cutaneous tumor cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Artuc, Metin; Guhl, Sven; Babina, Magda

    2011-01-01

    The coincidence of skin tumors and elevated mast cell (MC) numbers has been known for many years. However, it has remained controversial whether, in this context, MCs promote or inhibit tumor growth. Addressing this problem, different melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma cell lines were co-cultivated...... with primary, dermal MC for 24 h and gene or protein expression of cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) estimated. Co-culture with MCs led to an increase in IL-8 gene expression and IL-8 protein release from melanoma cells and IL-6 and IL-8 gene expression...... and protein release from squamous cell carcinoma cells, respectively. Moreover induction of IL-6 and IL-8 was primarily regulated by MC-derived TNF-α. Our data suggest an interplay between MCs and tumor cells, which results in altered cytokine release and may, thus, have an impact on tumor growth, invasion...

  11. Chemokines and Chemokine Receptors in the Development of Lupus Nephritis

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaofeng Liao; Tharshikha Pirapakaran; Luo, Xin M

    2016-01-01

    Lupus nephritis (LN) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease with damage to multiple organs. Leukocyte recruitment into the inflamed kidney is a critical step to promote LN progression, and the chemokine/chemokine receptor system is necessary for leukocyte recruitment. In this review, we summarize recent studies on the roles of chemokines and chemokine receptors in the development of LN and discuss the potentia...

  12. Chemokine Receptors and Transplantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinquan Tan; Gang Zhou

    2005-01-01

    A complex process including both the innate and acquired immune responses results in allograft rejection. Some chemokine receptors and their ligands play essential roles not only for leukocyte migration into the graft but also in facilitating dendritic and T cell trafficking between lymph nodes and the transplant in the early and late stage of the allogeneic response. This review focuses on the impact of these chemoattractant proteins on transplant outcome and novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for antirejection therapy based on targeting of chemokine receptors and/or their ligands. Cellular & Molecular Immunology.

  13. Clinical Value of IL-6 and IL-8 in Serum of Cases with Breast Cancer%乳腺癌患者血清中IL-6和IL-8测定的临床价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明; 张金业; 林兰; 刘继斌

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate a new attempt on serological diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods The serum IL-6 and IL-8 in 60 cases with breast cancer,30 cases of benign disease,and 40 healthy controls were tested by using ELISA method. Results There were significantly different among control group,benign breast and breast cancer group. There were a certain relationship between serum IL-6 and IL-8 and staging and prognosis in breast cancer. Conclusion IL-6 and IL-8 may be involved in breast cancer occurrence and development of the whole process. It could reflect changes in the biological behavior and prognosis of breast cancer,their monitoring has important clinical significance.%目的 为乳腺癌诊断提供血清学新尝试.方法 60例乳腺癌患者均来自于2009年3月~2010年3月南通市肿瘤医院病例,均为女性,年龄27~78岁,平均年龄57岁.所有患者均经手术病理证实且术前未经过化疗、放疗、内分泌及生物治疗.乳腺良性患者女性30例,年龄21~63岁,平均年龄36岁.对照组:健康体检者女性40例,年龄19~47岁,平均年龄33岁.所有研究对象近半年内未服用过免疫调节剂和激素类药物.采用酶联免疫吸附(ELISA)方法检测乳腺癌患者血清中IL-6和IL-8.结果 对照组、乳腺良性患者组以及乳腺癌组三者之间差异有统计学显著性意义(P<0.05);乳腺癌血清IL-6和IL-8水平与分期以及预后有一定的关系(P<0.05).结论 IL-6和IL-8可能参与了乳腺癌发生、发展的全过程,它的变化可间接反映乳腺癌的生物学行为和预后,对其监测具有重要的临床意义.

  14. Detection and significance of IL-8, CD11b in renal tissues of proliferative glomerulo-nephritis%增殖性肾小球肾炎肾组织IL-8、CD11b检测及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛超; 朱妙珍

    2001-01-01

    @@白细胞介素-8(Interleukin-8,IL-8)在炎症癖动和维持中具重要意义[1]。本研究采用免疫组化方法检测了增殖性肾小球肾炎(Proliferative glomerulonephritis,PGN)肾组织中IL-8及中性粒细胞相关抗原(CD11b),以无增殖性发变的正常人及膜性肾病(Membraneous nephropathy,MN)患者肾组织的检测作对照,探讨IL-8及其介导的炎症症状在PGN肾组织的表现及意义。 1 材料和方法 病变肾组织来自重庆大坪医院肾内科1997-07-1998-03住院治疗并行肾穿刺活检的17例PGN患者,其中男性8例,女性9例,年龄11~69岁。包括非IgA系膜增殖性肾炎11例。8例男性肾移植供肾作正常对照组。7例MN作第二对照组,其中男性3例,女性4例,年龄16~60岁。 免疫组织化学:采用小鼠抗人IL-8单抗(第四军医大学免疫教研室)、小鼠抗人CD11b单抗(北京邦定公司);二抗、三抗采用S-P试剂盒(北京邦定公司);DAB显色。

  15. Chemokines and Chemokine Receptors in the Development of Lupus Nephritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaofeng Liao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lupus nephritis (LN is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, an autoimmune disease with damage to multiple organs. Leukocyte recruitment into the inflamed kidney is a critical step to promote LN progression, and the chemokine/chemokine receptor system is necessary for leukocyte recruitment. In this review, we summarize recent studies on the roles of chemokines and chemokine receptors in the development of LN and discuss the potential and hurdles of developing novel, chemokine-based drugs to treat LN.

  16. Cerebrospinal fluid IL-12p40, CXCL13 and IL-8 as a combinatorial biomarker of active intrathecal inflammation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibiana Bielekova

    Full Text Available Diagnosis and management of the neuroinflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS are hindered by the lack of reliable biomarkers of active intrathecal inflammation. We hypothesized that measuring several putative inflammatory biomarkers simultaneously will augment specificity and sensitivity of the biomarker to the clinically useful range. Based on our pilot experiment in which we measured 18 inflammatory biomarkers in 10-fold concentrated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF derived from 16 untreated patients with highly active multiple sclerosis (MS we selected a combination of three CSF biomarkers, IL-12p40, CXCL13 and IL-8, for further validation.Concentrations of IL-12p40, CXCL13 and IL-8 were determined in a blinded fashion in CSF samples from an initial cohort (n = 72 and a confirmatory cohort (n = 167 of prospectively collected, untreated subjects presenting for a diagnostic work-up of possible neuroimmunological disorder. Diagnostic conclusion was based on a thorough clinical workup, which included laboratory assessment of the blood and CSF, neuroimaging and longitudinal follow-up. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve analysis in conjunction with principal component analysis (PCA, which was used to combine information from all three biomarkers, assessed the diagnostic value of measured biomarkers.Each of the three biomarkers was significantly increased in MS and other inflammatory neurological disease (OIND in comparison to non-inflammatory neurological disorder patients (NIND at least in one cohort. However, considering all three biomarkers together improved accuracy of predicting the presence of intrathecal inflammation to the consistently good to excellent range (area under the ROC curve = 0.868-0.924.Future clinical studies will determine if a combinatorial biomarker consisting of CSF IL-12p40, CXCL13 and IL-8 provides utility in determining the presence of active intrathecal inflammation in diagnostically

  17. Statins affect the presentation of endothelial chemokines by targeting to multivesicular bodies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Hol

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In addition to lowering cholesterol, statins are thought to beneficially modulate inflammation. Several chemokines including CXCL1/growth-related oncogene (GRO-α, CXCL8/interleukin (IL-8 and CCL2/monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1 are important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and can be influenced by statin-treatment. Recently, we observed that atorvastatin-treatment alters the intracellular content and subcellular distribution of GRO-α in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs. The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms involved in this phenomenon. METHODOLOGY/ PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The effect of atorvastatin on secretion levels and subcellular distribution of GRO-α, IL-8 and MCP-1 in HUVECs activated by interleukin (IL-1β were evaluated by ELISA, confocal microscopy and immunoelectron microscopy. Atorvastatin increased the intracellular contents of GRO-α, IL-8, and MCP-1 and induced colocalization with E-selectin in multivesicular bodies. This effect was prevented by adding the isoprenylation substrate GGPP, but not the cholesterol precursor squalene, indicating that atorvastatin exerts these effects by inhibiting isoprenylation rather than depleting the cells of cholesterol. CONCLUSIONS/ SIGNIFICANCE: Atorvastatin targets inflammatory chemokines to the endocytic pathway and multivesicular bodies and may contribute to explain the anti-inflammatory effect of statins at the level of endothelial cell function.

  18. Heterophilic chemokine receptor interactions in chemokine signaling and biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramp, Birgit K; Sarabi, Alisina; Koenen, Rory R; Weber, Christian

    2011-03-10

    It is generally accepted that G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR), like chemokine receptors, form dimers or higher order oligomers. Such homo- and heterophilic interactions have been identified not only among and between chemokine receptors of CC- or CXC-subfamilies, but also between chemokine receptors and other classes of GPCR, like the opioid receptors. Oligomerization affects different aspects of receptor physiology, like ligand affinity, signal transduction and the mode of internalization, in turn influencing physiologic processes such as cell activation and migration. As particular chemokine receptor pairs exert specific modulating effects on their individual functions, they might play particular roles in various disease types, such as cancer. Hence, chemokine receptor heteromers might represent attractive therapeutic targets. This review highlights the state-of-the-art knowledge on the technical and functional aspects of chemokine receptor multimerization in chemokine signaling and biology.

  19. Impact of endoscopically minimal involvement on IL-8 mRnA expression in esophageal mucosa of Patients with non-erosive reflux disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yusei Kanazawa; Ikuo Murata; Shunichi Yamashita; Shigeru Kohno; Hajime Isomoto; Chun-Yang Wen; Ai-Ping Wang; Vladimir A Saenko; Akira Ohtsuru; Fuminao Takeshima; Katsuhisa Omagari; Yohei Mizuta

    2003-01-01

    AIM: Little has been known about the pathogenesis of nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). Recent studies have implicated interleukin 8 (IL-8) in the development and progression of gastroesophgeal reflux disease (GERD). The purpose of this study was to determine IL-8 RNA expression levels in NERD patients with or without subtle mucosal changes.METHODS: We studied 26 patients with NERD and 13 asymptomatic controls. Biopsy sample was taken from the esophagus 3 cm above the gastroesophageal junction and snap frozen for measurement of IL-8 mRNA levels by real-time quantitative polyrnerase chain reaction (PCR). We also examined mRNA expression of IL-8 receptors, CXCR-1 and -2 by reverse transcriptase PCR. The patients were endoscopically classified into grade M (mucosal color changes without visible mucosal break) and N (neither minimal involvement nor mucosal break) of the modified Los Angeles classification.RESULTS: The relative IL-8 mRNA expression levels were significantly higher in esophageal mucosa of NERD patients than those in esophageal mucosa of the controls. There was a significant difference in IL-8 mRNA levels between grades M and N. The CXCR-1 and -2 mRNAs were constitutively expressed in esophageal mucosa.CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that high IL-8 levels in esophageal mucosa may be involved in the pathogenesis of NERD through interaction with its receptors. NERD seems to be composed of a heterogeneous population in terms of not only endoscopically minimal involvement but also immune and inflammatory processes.

  20. Genetic and physical mapping of 2q35 in the region of NRAMP and IL8R genes: Identification of a polymorphic repeat in exon 2 of NRAMP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, J.K.; Shaw, M.A.; Barton, C.H. [Addenbrooke`s Hospital, Cambridge (United Kingdom)] [and others

    1994-11-15

    Recent interest has focused on the region of conserved synteny between mouse chromosome 1 and human 2q33-q37, particularly over the region encoding the murine macrophage resistance gene Ity/Lsh/Bcg (candidate Nramp) and members of the Il8r interleukin-8 (IL8) receptor gene cluster. In this paper, identification of a restriction fragment length polymorphism in the Il8RB gene in 35 pedigrees previously typed for markers in the 2q33-37 interval provided evidence (lod scores > 3) for linkage between Il8RB and the 2q34-135 markers FN1, TNP1, VIL1, and DES. Physical mapping, using yeast artificial chromosomes isolated with VIL1, confirmed that IL8RA, IL8RB and the IL8RB pseudogene map within the NRAMP-VIL1 interval, with the physical distance (155 kb) from 5{prime} LSH to 3{prime} VIL1 representing {approx}3-fold that observed in the mouse. Partial sequencing of NRAMP confirmed the presence of the N-terminal proline/serine-rich putative SH3 binding domain in exon 2 of the human gene. Further analysis of Brazilian leprosy and visceral leishmaniasis pedigrees identified a rare second allele varying in a 9-nucleotide repeat motif of the exon 2 sequence but segregating independently of the disease phenotype. 38 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. 幽门螺杆菌相关胃溃疡患者IL-8的表达研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐云

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨H.pylori感染对细胞因子IL-8的影响以及IL-8在H.pylori相关性胃肠疾病中的作用.方法:用RIA法测定慢性胃炎患者H.pylori性(n=22)与H.pylori阴性(n=20)外周血和胃窦黏膜培养上清液中IL-8含量.结果:H.pylori阳性者外周血和原位胃窦黏膜的IL-8含量明显高于阴性者(p<0.01);血IL-8对H.pylori阳性的诊断效率为66.7%,原位胃窦黏膜IL-8对H.pylori阳性的诊断效率为81.0%.结论:血清和原位胃窦黏膜中的IL-8含量增高与H.pylori感染者胃黏膜损伤有关.

  2. Neutralization of IL-8 prevents the induction of dermatologic adverse events associated with the inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bangsgaard, Nannie; Houtkamp, Mischa; Schuurhuis, Danita H

    2012-01-01

    , characterized by acute follicular neutrophil-rich hair follicle inflammation, and thus mimicked adverse events induced by systemic administration of EGFR inhibitors. In this model, we tested the hypothesis that neutrophils, attracted by IL-8, play a central role in the observed rash. Indeed, concomitant local......Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of cancer. EGFR-targeted treatment is known to be associated with a high incidence of dermatological adverse reactions, including papulopustular rash, which can be dose-limiting and may affect compliance...

  3. Targeting PI3K, HER2 and the IL-8/JAK2 axis in metastatic breast cancer: Which combination makes the whole greater than the sum of its parts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britschgi, Adrian; Radimerski, Thomas; Bentires-Alj, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    The widespread hyperactivation of the PI3K/mTOR pathway in human cancer has made it a prime target for the treatment of this disease. However, a variety of resistance mechanisms involving (re)activation of the targeted pathway or of parallel survival signaling cascades have limited the clinical success of inhibitors targeting PI3K and/or mTOR. Recent studies delineated new crosstalks between PI3K, HER2, JAK2 and IL-8 signaling, which can explain the limited efficacy of PI3K blockade when inhibitors of this pathway are used as single agents. In this review, we summarize molecular mechanisms of resistance to inhibitors of the PI3K/mTOR pathway, provide an outline of new connections between crucial oncogenic signaling pathways, and discuss the potential of new combination therapy approaches to overcome resistance.

  4. Measurement and significance of serum TNF-a, IL-8 and plasma selectin levels in patients with chronic hepatic diseases.%慢性肝病患者血清TNF-α、IL-8和血浆选择素水平的检测及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗清逢; 高孝慈; 龙尧; 徐军发; 郑兴武

    2001-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between TNF-a, IL-8, P-selectin and chronic hepatic diseases. Methods The serum TNF-α, IL-8 and plasma selectin levels in 124 patients were measured by ELISA. Results The TNF-α, IL-8 and P-selectin levels are significantly higher than normal controls( P<0.001,P<0.01). Conclusion The measurements of serum TNF-α, IL-8 and P-selectin levels have clinical value for judgement patients condition and prognosis.%目的 探讨TNF-a、IL-8和P-selectin与慢性肝病的关系。方法 应用双抗体夹心酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)测定124例慢性肝病患者血清TNF-α、IL-8和P-selectin的水平。结果 慢性肝病患者血清TNF-a、IL-8和P-selectin水平均明显高于对照组(P值均<0.001,P-selectin组P<0.01)。结论 TNF-a、IL-8和P-selectin可能参与慢性肝病免疫病理损伤过程。检测血清TNF-α、IL-8和P-selectin水平对判断患者病情和预后有临床实用价值。

  5. Hepcidin, Cathelicidin-1 and IL-8 as immunological markers of responsiveness in early developmental stages of rainbow trout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, Paula A; Guzmán, Fanny; Forero, Juan C; Luna, Omar F; Mercado, Luis

    2016-09-01

    During the early developmental stage of salmonids, high mortality occurs largely as a result of pathogens. These cause low immune competence in fry, producing disease, decreasing production and finally leading to economic losses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterise the developmental stages in which rainbow trout acquires immune response capability when challenged with LPS from Pseudomona aeruginosa for 8 h, studying the hepcidin, cathelicidin-1 and IL-8. Total RNA was extracted from fry at 34, 42, 56 and 66 days post hatching (dph). Hepcidin and cathelicidin-1 transcripts were detected only at days 34 and 42, whereas the IL-8 transcript was detected from day 34 to day 66. To analyse the protein expression in the fry, polyclonal anti-peptide antibodies were generated in rabbit. These three immune sera demonstrated the ability to recognise the whole molecule in biological samples. Immunofluorescence showed that skin, gills and intestine mainly responded to the LPS challenge, indicating that these portals of pathogen entry are capturing LPS. This study constitutes a valuable approach, since it has the potential to identify molecules with biological activity that can be used to evaluate the status of fry in culture.

  6. Teleost Chemokines and Their Receptors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Bird

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Chemokines are a superfamily of cytokines that appeared about 650 million years ago, at the emergence of vertebrates, and are responsible for regulating cell migration under both inflammatory and physiological conditions. The first teleost chemokine gene was reported in rainbow trout in 1998. Since then, numerous chemokine genes have been identified in diverse fish species evidencing the great differences that exist among fish and mammalian chemokines, and within the different fish species, as a consequence of extensive intrachromosomal gene duplications and different infectious experiences. Subsequently, it has only been possible to establish clear homologies with mammalian chemokines in the case of some chemokines with well-conserved homeostatic roles, whereas the functionality of other chemokine genes will have to be independently addressed in each species. Despite this, functional studies have only been undertaken for a few of these chemokine genes. In this review, we describe the current state of knowledge of chemokine biology in teleost fish. We have mainly focused on those species for which more research efforts have been made in this subject, specially zebrafish (Danio rerio, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss and catfish (Ictalurus punctatus, outlining which genes have been identified thus far, highlighting the most important aspects of their expression regulation and addressing any known aspects of their biological role in immunity. Finally, we summarise what is known about the chemokine receptors in teleosts and provide some analysis using recently available data to help characterise them more clearly.

  7. ERK/Egr-1 signaling pathway is involved in CysLT2 receptor-mediated IL-8 production in HEK293 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kana; Fang, Sanhua; Cai, Beilei; Huang, Xueqin; Zhang, Xiayan; Lu, Yunbi; Zhang, Weiping; Wei, Erqing

    2014-07-01

    The CysLT2 receptor is involved in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, differentiation of colorectal cancers, bleomycin-induced pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis. However, the signal transduction of cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 2 (CysLT2) in inflammatory responses remains to be clarified. In HEK293 cells stably expressing hCysLT1, hCysLT2 and rGPR17, we determined the signaling pathways for interleukin-8 (IL-8) production after CysLT2 receptor activation. HEK293 cells were stably transfected with the recombinant plasmids of pcDNA3.1(+)-hCysLT1, pcDNA3.1(+)-hCysLT2 and pcDNA3.1-rGPR17. Leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and LTD4 were used as the agonists to induce IL-8 production and the related changes in signal molecules. We found that LTC4 and LTD4 significantly induced IL-8 promoter activation in the HEK293 cells stably expressing hCysLT2, but not in those expressing hCysLT1 and rGPR17. In hCysLT2-HEK293 cells, LTC4 induced elevation of intracellular calcium, ERK1/2 phosphorylation and Egr-1 expression, and stimulated IL-8 expression and release. These responses were blocked by the selective CysLT2 receptor antagonist HAMI3379. The ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 inhibited Egr-1 and IL-8 expression as well as IL-8 release, but the JNK and p38 inhibitors did not have the inhibitory effects. Down-regulation of Egr-1 by RNA interference with its siRNA inhibited the LTC4-induced IL-8 expression and release. In conclusion, these findings indicate the ERK-Egr-1 pathway of CysLT2 receptors mediates IL-8 production induced by the pro-inflammatory mediators LTC4 and LTD4.

  8. Follicular Proinflammatory Cytokines and Chemokines as Markers of IVF Success

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    Aili Sarapik

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cytokines are key modulators of the immune system and also contribute to regulation of the ovarian cycle. In this study, Bender MedSystems FlowCytomix technology was used to analyze follicular cytokines (proinflammatory: IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, IFN-γ, IFN-α, TNF-α, IL-12, and IL-23;, and anti-inflammatory: G-CSF, chemokines (MIP-1α, MIP-1β, MCP-1, RANTES, and IL-8, and other biomarkers (sAPO-1/Fas, CD44(v6 in 153 women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF. Cytokine origin was studied by mRNA analysis of granulosa cells. Higher follicular MIP-1α and CD44(v6 were found to correlate with polycystic ovary syndrome, IL-23, INF-γ, and TNF-α with endometriosis, higher CD44(v6 but lower IL-β and INF-α correlated with tubal factor infertility, and lower levels of IL-18 and CD44(v6 characterized unexplained infertility. IL-12 positively correlated with oocyte fertilization and embryo development, while increased IL-18, IL-8, and MIP-1β were associated with successful IVF-induced pregnancy.

  9. Association of IL-8-inducing strains of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli with sporadic diarrheal patients with less than 5 years of age

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    Ismail Mustafa Meraz

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli (DAEC in diarrheal disease has been controversial. However, DAEC strains were recently implicated in diarrheal disease in developing countries. To clarify whether DAEC are prevalent among sporadic cases of diarrheal illness in Osaka City, Japan, E. coli strains isolated between July 1997 and March 2000 during diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC investigation were retrospectively examined. DAEC strains were recognized among 41 (4.4% of 924 patients and formed the biggest subgroup of DEC. Previously, we reported that some DAEC strains caused epithelial cells to secrete as much IL-8 as enteroaggregative E. coli strains did. In this study, we attempted to evaluate epidemiologically whether the ability of DAEC to induce IL-8 was involved in the pathogenesis. Relationship among patient age, symptoms, Afa adhesins, season and IL-8 induction were examined. The subgroup of DAEC that possessed Afa genes and/or induced a high level of IL-8 was significantly prevalent among patients age 1 to 4 years; however total DAEC was not significantly high among the children compared to other age group. IL-8 inducing DAEC seems to play a role in causing sporadic diarrheal illnesses, particularly in pediatric fields. Investigations highlighting the relationship between IL-8 induction and enteropathogenicity are clearly necessary to confirm the role of DAEC in infectious enteritis.

  10. Association of IL-8-inducing strains of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli with sporadic diarrheal patients with less than 5 years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meraz, Ismail Mustafa; Arikawa, Kentaro; Nakamura, Hiromi; Ogasawara, Jun; Hase, Atsushi; Nishikawa, Yoshikazu

    2007-02-01

    The role of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli (DAEC) in diarrheal disease has been controversial. However, DAEC strains were recently implicated in diarrheal disease in developing countries. To clarify whether DAEC are prevalent among sporadic cases of diarrheal illness in Osaka City, Japan, E. coli strains isolated between July 1997 and March 2000 during diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC) investigation were retrospectively examined. DAEC strains were recognized among 41 (4.4%) of 924 patients and formed the biggest subgroup of DEC. Previously, we reported that some DAEC strains caused epithelial cells to secrete as much IL-8 as enteroaggregative E. coli strains did. In this study, we attempted to evaluate epidemiologically whether the ability of DAEC to induce IL-8 was involved in the pathogenesis. Relationship among patient age, symptoms, Afa adhesins, season and IL-8 induction were examined. The subgroup of DAEC that possessed Afa genes and/or induced a high level of IL-8 was significantly prevalent among patients age 1 to 4 years; however total DAEC was not significantly high among the children compared to other age group. IL-8 inducing DAEC seems to play a role in causing sporadic diarrheal illnesses, particularly in pediatric fields. Investigations highlighting the relationship between IL-8 induction and enteropathogenicity are clearly necessary to confirm the role of DAEC in infectious enteritis.

  11. DETERMINATION OF URINE TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR, IL-6, IL-8 AND SERUM IL-6 IN PATIENTS WITH HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS WITH RENAL SYNDROME

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Wanhu; Chen Ruilin; Yue Jinsheng; Liu Zhengwen; Zhang Shulin

    2006-01-01

    Objective To explore the roles of cytokines in the pathogenesis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome(HFRS). Methods Double-antibody sandwich ELISA was used to determine serum interleukin (IL)-6, urine tumor necrosis factor (TNF), IL-6 and IL-8 levels in 56 patients with HFRS. Results Serum IL-6, urine TNF, IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations in HFRS patients were significantly higher than those in control group, respectively (P<0.001). The concentrations increased at fever stage, then continued to increase during hypotension stage and peaked at oliguria stage. The concentrations of serum IL-6, urine TNF, IL-6 and IL-8 increased in accord with the severity of the disease and differed greatly among different types of the disease. Serum IL-6 had remarkable relationships with serum specific antibodies. It was positively related to serum β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), blood ureanitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr). Significant positive relationships were also found both between urine IL-6 and TNF, and between IL-6 and IL-8 (r=0.5768, P<0.05; r=0.3760, P<0.01). Conclusion TNF, IL-6 and IL-8 activated during the course of the disease. IL-6 is associated with the immunopathological lesions caused by the hyperfunction of humoral immune response. IL-6, IL-8 and TNF are involved in the renal immune impairment. Determining them might, in certain extent, be used in predicting the prognosis and outcome of patients with HFRS.

  12. Elevated CXC chemokines in urine noninvasively discriminate OAB from UTI.

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    Tyagi, Pradeep; Tyagi, Vikas; Qu, Xianggui; Chuang, Yao Chi; Kuo, Hann-Chorng; Chancellor, Michael

    2016-09-01

    Overlapping symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) and urinary tract infection (UTI) often complicate the diagnosis and contribute to overprescription of antibiotics. Inflammatory response is a shared characteristic of both UTI and OAB and here we hypothesized that molecular differences in inflammatory response seen in urine can help discriminate OAB from UTI. Subjects in the age range of (20-88 yr) of either sex were recruited for this urine analysis study. Urine specimens were available from 62 UTI patients with positive dipstick test before antibiotic treatment. Six of these patients also provided urine after completion of antibiotic treatment. Subjects in cohorts of OAB (n = 59) and asymptomatic controls (n = 26) were negative for dipstick test. Urinary chemokines were measured by MILLIPLEX MAP Human Cytokine/Chemokine Immunoassay and their association with UTI and OAB was determined by univariate and multivariate statistics. Significant elevation of CXCL-1, CXCL-8 (IL-8), and CXCL-10 together with reduced levels for a receptor antagonist of IL-1A (sIL-1RA) were seen in UTI relative to OAB and asymptomatic controls. Elevated CXCL-1 urine levels predicted UTI with odds ratio of 1.018 and showed a specificity of 80.77% and sensitivity of 59.68%. Postantibiotic treatment, reduction was seen in all CXC chemokines with a significant reduction for CXCL-10. Strong association of CXCL-1 and CXCL-10 for UTI over OAB indicates mechanistic differences in signaling pathways driving inflammation secondary of infection in UTI compared with a lack of infection in OAB. Urinary chemokines highlight molecular differences in the paracrine signaling driving the overlapping symptoms of UTI and OAB.

  13. Chemokines Associated with Pathologic Responses to Orthopedic Implant Debris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallab, Nadim J.; Jacobs, Joshua J.

    2017-01-01

    Despite the success in returning people to health saving mobility and high quality of life, the over 1 million total joint replacements implanted in the US each year are expected to eventually fail after approximately 15–25 years of use, due to slow progressive subtle inflammation to implant debris compromising the bone implant interface. This local inflammatory pseudo disease state is primarily caused by implant debris interaction with innate immune cells, i.e., macrophages. This implant debris can also activate an adaptive immune reaction giving rise to the concept of implant-related metal sensitivity. However, a consensus of studies agree the dominant form of this response is due to innate reactivity by macrophages to implant debris danger signaling (danger-associated molecular pattern) eliciting cytokine-based and chemokine inflammatory responses. This review covers implant debris-induced release of the cytokines and chemokines due to activation of the innate (and the adaptive) immune system and how this leads to subsequent implant failure through loosening and osteolysis, i.e., what is known of central chemokines (e.g., IL-8, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, MIP-1, CCL9, CCL10, CCL17, and CCL22) associated with implant debris reactivity as related to the innate immune system activation/cytokine expression, e.g., danger signaling (e.g., IL-1β, IL-18, IL-33, etc.), toll-like receptor activation (e.g., IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α, etc.), bone catabolism (e.g., TRAP5b), and hypoxia responses (HIF-1α). More study is needed, however, to fully understand these interactions to effectively counter cytokine- and chemokine-based orthopedic implant-related inflammation.

  14. [Genetic polymorphism of the IL8 gene and its associations with milk traits and SCS in Chinese Holstein].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ren-Jin; Yang, Zhang-Ping; Mao, Yong-Jiang; Chen, Ying; Chang, Ling-Ling; Ji, De-Jun; Wu, Hai-Tao; Li, Yun-Long; Li, Rui

    2010-12-01

    The polymorphism of Interleukin-8 (IL8) gene were investigated for 610 Chinese Holstein cows of 30 bull families from a dairy farm in Shanghai using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) technique with a mixed animal model to verify the effects of the polymorphisms on some milk productive performance, tested day milk yield, tested day fat percentage, tested day milk protein percentage, 305 d corrected milk yield, 305 d milk fat yield, 305 d milk protein yield, and somatic cell score (SCS). The aim was to explore the significant molecular marker in practical dairy production. Three genotypes were identified and the genotypic frequencies of KK, KA, and AA were 0.187, 0.451, and 0.362, respectively. The gene frequencies of K and A were 0.412 and 0.588. The results showed highly significant (P 0.05) with tested day milk fat percentage was recorded. The cows with KK genotype had higher tested day milk yield, 305 d milk protein yield, 305 d corrected milk yield and 305 d milk fat yield than those with AA and KA genotypes (P < 0.01). The least square mean of SCS for KK was significantly lower than that with AA and KA genotypes (P < 0.01). AA genotype was significant lower in tested day milk protein percentage than KK and KA genotypes (P < 0.05). The IL8 gene genetic diversity has a great genetic effect on milk traits and mastitis resistance and could be a useful genetic marker for Chinese Holstein breeding.

  15. Chemokines in cancer related inflammation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allavena, Paola; Germano, Giovanni; Marchesi, Federica [Department of Immunology and Inflammation, IRCCS Humanitas Clinical Institute, Via Manzoni 56, 20089, Rozzano, Milan (Italy); Mantovani, Alberto, E-mail: alberto.mantovani@humanitasresearch.it [Department of Immunology and Inflammation, IRCCS Humanitas Clinical Institute, Via Manzoni 56, 20089, Rozzano, Milan (Italy); Department of Translational Medicine, University of Milan (Italy)

    2011-03-10

    Chemokines are key players of the cancer-related inflammation. Chemokine ligands and receptors are downstream of genetic events that cause neoplastic transformation and are abundantly expressed in chronic inflammatory conditions which predispose to cancer. Components of the chemokine system affect multiple pathways of tumor progression including: leukocyte recruitment, neo-angiogenesis, tumor cell proliferation and survival, invasion and metastasis. Evidence in pre-clinical and clinical settings suggests that the chemokine system represents a valuable target for the development of innovative therapeutic strategies.

  16. Positive Relationship between Total Antioxidant Status and Chemokines Observed in Adults

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    Yanli Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Human evidence is limited regarding the interaction between oxidative stress biomarkers and chemokines, especially in a population of adults without overt clinical disease. The current study aims to examine the possible relationships of antioxidant and lipid peroxidation markers with several chemokines in adults. Methods. We assessed cross-sectional associations of total antioxidant status (TAS and two lipid peroxidation markers malondialdehyde (MDA and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS with a suite of serum chemokines, including CXCL-1 (GRO-α, CXCL-8 (IL-8, CXCL-10 (IP-10, CCL-2 (MCP-1, CCL-5 (RANTES, CCL-8 (MCP-2, CCL-11 (Eotaxin-1, and CCL-17 (TARC, among 104 Chinese adults without serious preexisting clinical conditions in Beijing before 2008 Olympics. Results. TAS showed significantly positive correlations with MCP-1 (r=0.15751, P=0.0014, MCP-2 (r=0.3721, P=0.0001, Eotaxin-1 (r=0.39598, P<0.0001, and TARC (r=0.27149, P=0.0053. The positive correlations remained unchanged after controlling for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, and alcohol drinking status. No associations were found between any of the chemokines measured in this study and MDA or TBARS. Similar patterns were observed when the analyses were limited to nonsmokers. Conclusion. Total antioxidant status is positively associated with several chemokines in this adult population.

  17. The Effect of (--Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate on IL-1β Induced IL-8 Expression in Orbital Fibroblast from Patients with Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy.

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    Ji-Young Lee

    Full Text Available Orbital fibroblasts have been reported to be an important effector cells for the development of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO. Orbital fibroblasts secrete various inflammatory cytokines in response to an inflammatory stimulation, leading to TAO-related tissue swelling. It has also been reported that (--epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG, a major polyphenolic constituent of green tea, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In the current study, we investigated the issue of whether or how EGCG affects the interleukin (IL-1β-induced secretion of IL-8 in human orbital fibroblasts from TAO patients. Treatment with EGCG significantly reduced the level of IL-1β-induced secretion of IL-8 and the expression of IL-8 mRNA. IL-1β-induced the degradation of IκBα, and the phosphorylation of p38 and ERK, and the IL-1β-induced expression of IL-8 mRNA was inhibited by specific inhibitors, such as BAY-117085 for NF-kB, SB203580 for p38, and PD98059 for ERK. In addition, treatment with EGCG inhibited the IL-1β-induced degradation of IκBα, and the phosphorylation of p38 and ERK. However, pre-treatment with antioxidants, NVN and NAC, which suppressed ROS generation, did not reduce IL-8 expression in IL-1β-treated orbital fibroblasts, suggesting that the IL-1β-induced IL-8 expression is not mediated by the generation of ROS. These results show that EGCG suppresses the IL-1β-induced expression of IL-8 through inhibition of the NF-κB, p38, and ERK pathways. These findings could contribute to the development of new types of EGCG-containing pharmacological agents for use in the treatment of TAO.

  18. Parthenolide inhibits ERK and AP-1 which are dysregulated and contribute to excessive IL-8 expression and secretion in cystic fibrosis cells

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    Saadane Aicha

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Excessive secretion of IL-8 characterizes cystic fibrosis (CF. This has been attributed to excessive activation of epithelial cell I-κB Kinase and/or NFκB. Maximum IL-8 production requires 3 cooperative mechanisms: 1 release of the promoter from repression; 2 activation of transcription by NFκB and AP-1; 3 stabilization of mRNA by p38-MAPK. Little is known about regulation of IL-8 by MAPKs or AP-1 in CF. Methods We studied our hypothesis in vitro using 3-cellular models. Two of these models are transformed cell lines with defective versus normal cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR expression: an antisense/sense transfected cell line and the patient derived IB3-1/S9. In the third series of studies, we studied primary necropsy human tracheal epithelial cells treated with an inhibitor of CFTR function. All cell lines were pretreated with parthenolide and then stimulated with TNFα and/or IL-1β. Results In response to stimulation with TNFα and/or IL-1β, IL-8 production and mRNA expression was greater in CF-type cells than in non-CF controls. This was associated with enhanced phosphorylation of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK and increased activation of AP-1. Since we previously showed that parthenolide inhibits excessive IL-8 production by CF cells, we evaluated its effects on MAPK and AP-1 activation and showed that parthenolide inhibited ERK and AP-1 activation. Using a luciferase promoter assay, our studies showed that parthenolide decreased activation of the IL-8 promoter in CF cells stimulated with TNFα/IL-1β. Conclusions In addition to NFκB MAPKs ERK, JNK and p38 and the transcription factor AP-1 are also dysregulated in CF epithelial cells. Parthenolide inhibited both NFκB and MAPK/AP-1 pathways contributing to the inhibition of IL-8 production.

  19. Muscle glycogen depletion following 75-km of cycling is not linked to increased muscle IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 mRNA expression and protein content

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    David Christopher Nieman

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The cytokine response to heavy exertion varies widely for unknown reasons, and this study evaluated the relative importance of glycogen depletion, muscle damage, and stress hormone changes on blood and muscle cytokine measures. Cyclists (N=20 participated in a 75-km cycling time trial (168±26.0 min, with blood and vastus lateralis muscle samples collected before and after. Muscle glycogen decreased 77.2±17.4%, muscle IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 mRNA increased 18.5±2.8-, 45.3±7.8-, and 8.25±1.75-fold, and muscle IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 protein increased 70.5±14.1%, 347±68.1%, and 148±21.3%, respectively (all, P<0.001. Serum myoglobin and cortisol increased 32.1±3.3 to 242±48.3 mg/mL, and 295±27.6 to 784±63.5 nmol/L, respectively (both P<0.001. Plasma IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 increased 0.42±0.07 to 18.5±3.8, 4.07±0.37 to 17.0±1.8, and 96.5±3.7 to 240±21.6 pg/mL, respectively (all P<0.001. Increases in muscle IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 mRNA were unrelated to any of the outcome measures. Muscle glycogen depletion was related to change in plasma IL-6 (r=0.462, P=0.040, with change in myoglobin related to plasma IL-8 (r=0.582, P=0.007 and plasma MCP-1 (r=0.457, P=0.043, and muscle MCP-1 protein (r=0.588, P=0.017; cortisol was related to plasma IL-8 (r=0.613, P=0.004, muscle IL-8 protein (r=0.681, P=0.004, and plasma MCP-1 (r=0.442, P=0.050. In summary, this study showed that muscle IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 mRNA expression after 75-km cycling was unrelated to glycogen depletion and muscle damage, with change in muscle glycogen related to plasma IL-6, and changes in serum myoglobin and cortisol related to the chemotactic cytokines IL-8 and MCP-1.

  20. The Effect of Therapeutic Blockades of Dust Particles-Induced Ca2+ Signaling and Proinflammatory Cytokine IL-8 in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells

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    Ju Hee Yoon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bronchial epithelial cells are the first barrier of defense against respiratory pathogens. Dust particles as extracellular stimuli are associated with inflammatory reactions after inhalation. It has been reported that dust particles induce intracellular Ca2+ signal, which subsequently increases cytokines production such as interleukin- (IL- 8. However, the study of therapeutic blockades of Ca2+ signaling induced by dust particles in human bronchial epithelial cells is poorly understood. We investigated how to modulate dust particles-induced Ca2+ signaling and proinflammatory cytokine IL-8 expression. Bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells were exposed to PM10 dust particles and subsequent mediated intracellular Ca2+ signaling and reactive oxygen species signal. Our results show that exposure to several inhibitors of Ca2+ pathway attenuated the PM10-induced Ca2+ response and subsequent IL-8 mRNA expression. PM10-mediated Ca2+ signal and IL-8 expression were attenuated by several pharmacological blockades such as antioxidants, IP3-PLC blockers, and TRPM2 inhibitors. Our results show that blockades of PLC or TRPM2 reduced both of PM10-mediated Ca2+ signal and IL-8 expression, suggesting that treatment with these blockades should be considered for potential therapeutic trials in pulmonary epithelium for inflammation caused by environmental events such as seasonal dust storm.

  1. Role of IL-8 rs4073 and rs2227306 polymorphisms in the development of primary gouty arthritis in a Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Y X; Zhao, H; Guo, H Q

    2016-10-17

    In this study, we investigated the role of two single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region of the interleukin-8 gene (IL-8; rs4073 and rs2227306) in the susceptibility to primary gouty arthritis in a Chinese population. Three hundred and twelve patients with primary gouty arthritis and 340 healthy controls were recruited from the Yan'an University Affiliated Hospital between January 2014 and March 2015. The IL-8 rs4073 and rs2227306 polymorphisms were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction combined with restriction fragment length polymorphism. Unconditional multiple-logistic regression analysis revealed that the TT genotype of rs4073 was correlated with primary gouty arthritis risk, compared to the AA genotype [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.08-2.54; P = 0.02]. In addition, the IL-8 rs4073 T allele was associated with a significant elevated risk of primary gouty arthritis, in comparison to the A allele (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.07-1.67; P = 0.01). However, we observed no significant relationship between the IL-8 rs2227306 polymorphism and primary gouty arthritis risk. The results of this study suggest that the IL-8 rs4073 polymorphism could be a marker for primary gouty arthritis development.

  2. Zerumbone suppresses IL-1β-induced cell migration and invasion by inhibiting IL-8 and MMP-3 expression in human triple-negative breast cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jeonghun; Bae, Soo Youn; Oh, Soo-Jin; Lee, Jeongmin; Lee, Jun Ho; Lee, Hyun-Chul; Lee, Se Kyung; Kil, Won Ho; Kim, Seok Won; Nam, Seok Jin; Kim, Sangmin; Lee, Jeong Eon

    2014-11-01

    Inflammation is a key regulatory process in cancer development. Prolonged exposure of breast tumor cells to inflammatory cytokines leads to epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which is the principal mechanism involved in metastasis and tumor invasion. Interleukin (IL)-1β is a major inflammatory cytokine in a variety of tumors. To date, the regulatory mechanism of IL-1β-induced cell migration and invasion has not been fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the effect of zerumbone (ZER) on IL-1β-induced cell migration and invasion in breast cancer cells. The levels of IL-8 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 mRNA were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The levels of secreted IL-8 and MMP-3 protein were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blot analysis, respectively. Cell invasion and migration was detected by Boyden chamber assay. The levels of IL-8 and MMP-3 expression were significantly increased by IL-1β treatment in Hs578T and MDA-MB231 cells. On the other hand, IL-1β-induced IL-8 and MMP-3 expression was decreased by ZER. Finally, IL-1β-induced cell migration and invasion were decreased by ZER in Hs578T and MDA-MB231 cells. ZER suppresses IL-1β-induced cell migration and invasion by inhibiting IL-8 expression and MMP-3 expression in TNBC cells. ZER could be a promising therapeutic drug for treatment of triple-negative breast cancer patients.

  3. 口腔鳞状细胞癌患者唾液中CEA、IL-6、IL-8含量的检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜娟; 颜雨春

    2010-01-01

    目的 通过对口腔鳞状细胞癌(OSCC)患者唾液中癌胚抗原(CEA)、白细胞介素6(IL-6)和白细胞介素8(IL-8)含量的测定和分析,探讨唾液中CEA、IL-6和IL-8含量在口腔鳞状细胞癌诊断中的意义.方法 选取35例OSCCT1或T2期患者为病例组,35例身体健康的正常人为对照组.采用ELISA法测定所有样本唾液中的CEA、IL-6和IL-8含量.结果 OSCC患者唾液中的CEA、IL-6和IL-8浓度均显著高于正常人,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 唾液中CEA、IL-6和IL-8的含量对诊断OSCC具有一定的临床意义,唾液中肿瘤标记物的检测可作为诊断OSCC的一种辅助手段.

  4. Correlation between the level of IL-8, COX-2 in prostate and benign prostatic hyperplasia with prostatitis%前列腺IL-8、COX-2表达与组织增生伴炎症的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈帝昂; 俞旭君; 张培海; 李广森; 常德贵

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察良性前列腺增生(BPH)合并前列腺炎症与前列腺液、前列腺组织中炎症因子白介素-8(IL-8)、环氧化酶-2(COX-2)水平的相关性。方法80例BPH拟行经尿道前列腺电切术(TURP)患者,根据术后病理学诊断分为单纯性增生组(30例)和增生伴炎症组(50例),两组均于术前进行前列腺液IL-8、COX-2含量测定,术后前列腺组织IL-8、COX-2含量测定,进行统计学分析。结果分别对前列腺液、前列腺组织中IL-8和COX-2 OD值进行组间比较,组间差异性具统计学意义(P<0.01);组内比较IL-8和COX-2在前列腺液及前列腺组织中的水平变化,趋势呈线性正相关(r>0.5),其中,IL-8表达水平在两种标本中呈高度相关(r>0.08)。结论前列腺液中IL-8、COX-2水平能间接反映前列腺组织中IL-8、COX-2水平,通过检测患者前列腺液中IL-8、COX-2水平可以初步判定BPH患者是否合并有前列腺组织学炎症。%Objective To investigate the relationship between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with inflammation and level of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in prostate tissue and expressed prostatic secretions. Methods A total of 80 BPH patients who would be treated by transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) were divided into simple hyperplasia group (30 patients) and huperplasia with inflammation group (50 patients) identified by postoperative pathologic diagnosis. Preoperative levels of IL-8 and COX-2 in expressed prostatic secretions and postoperative levels of IL-8 and COX-2 in prostate tissue were detected and comparatively analyzed. Results The levels of IL-8 and COX-2 from prostate tissue and expressed prostatic secretions were higher in huperplasia with inflammation group than those in simple hyperplasia group (P0.05), and IL-8 level in prostate tissue was highly correlated to that of expressed prostatic secretions (r>0.8). Conclusion

  5. Effect of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli strains isolated from diarrhoeal patients and healthy carriers on IL-8 secretion and tight junction barrier integrity of Caco-2 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanimoto, Yoshihiko; Arikawa, Kentaro; Nishikawa, Yoshikazu

    2013-03-15

    The pathogenesis of diffusely adherent Escherichia coli (DAEC) remains to be elucidated. Previously, we found that afimbrial adhesin gene (afa)-positive motile DAEC strains isolated from patients with diarrhoea induce high levels of IL-8 secretion in Caco-2 cells via toll-like receptor 5 (TLR-5), while non-motile strains did not. The aim of this study was to compare virulence properties, including the phylogenetic groups, afa subtypes, IL-8 secretion levels, and the effects on tight junctions, of DAEC strains isolated from healthy persons with those isolated from patients with diarrhoea. Induction of IL-8 secretion in Caco-2 cells was examined for a total of 36 afa-positive strains: 19 from diarrhoeal patients and 17 from healthy carriers. Irrespective of the source, all strains were classified into the phylogenetic group B2 or D, with the exception of two strains. All 7 motile strains isolated from diarrhoeal patients induced high levels of IL-8 secretion, while only 6 of 15 motile strains from healthy carriers induced IL-8 secretion to the same levels as the diarrhoeal strains. We speculated that additional virulence factors other than afa and motility cause the loosening of tight junctions that allows flagellin to reach TLR-5 located on the basolateral side of the epithelium. However, no differences in the TER and dextran permeability were observed between cells infected with diarrhoeal strains and those from healthy persons. Thus, diarrhoeagenic DAEC seems to possess additional factors, in addition to adhesin and flagellin, which can induce high IL-8 secretion.

  6. RETRACTED: Blockade of TNF-α signaling suppresses the AREG-mediated IL-6 and IL-8 cytokines secretion induced by anti-Ro/SSA autoantibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisto, Margherita; Lisi, Sabrina; Lofrumento, Dario Domenico; Cucci, Liana; Mitolo, Vincenzo; D'Amore, Massimo

    2010-09-20

    The aim of this study was to analyze the Furin-TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE)-amphiregulin (AREG)-IL-6/IL-8 secretion pathway in non-neoplastic human salivary gland epithelial cells (SGECs) stimulated with anti-Ro/SSA autoantibodies (Abs). We examined whether anti-Ro/SSA Abs-mediated TACE activation is responsible for AREG activation. As recent studies have demonstrated that AREG could induce proinflammatory cytokines secretion in epithelial cells, we discuss how TACE-mediated AREG shedding, caused by anti-Ro/SSA Abs treatment, could have a critical role in TNF-α-induced IL-6 and IL-8 secretion by SGEC. Furthermore, the effects of TNF-α blockade on AREG expression and TNF-α-AREG-mediated IL-6 and IL-8 secretion were evaluated. We have discovered that the upregulation of AREG occurs through TNF-α produced after anti-Ro/SSA Abs uptake via Fcγ receptors. Biological drug adalimumab and the gene silencing technique were used to study the AREG-IL-6/IL-8 secretion pathway, demonstrating that (i) adalimumab-mediated TNF-α blocking and TNF-α gene silencing provoke a significant decrease of proinflammatory cytokines production and AREG expression in anti-Ro/SSA Abs-treated SGEC; (ii) AREG gene silencing has a potent inhibitory effect on TNF-α-induced IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in SGEC treated with anti-Ro/SSA Abs; (iii) an inspection of the kinetics of cytokine production after exogeni TNF-α and AREG addition, and the use of cycloheximide in the presence of exogenous TNF-α as stimulant, clarified that TNF-α induces IL-6 and IL-8 secretion through AREG.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 20 September 2010; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2010.168.

  7. Differential regulation of neutrophil chemotaxis to IL-8 and fMLP by GM-CSF: lack of direct effect of oestradiol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Li; Smith, Jennifer M; Shen, Zheng; Hussey, Stephen B; Wira, Charles R; Fanger, Michael W

    2006-02-01

    Neutrophils are a normal constituent of the female reproductive tract and their numbers increase in the late secretory phase of the menstrual cycle prior to menses. Several cytokines are produced in female reproductive tract tissue. In particular granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a potent activator of neutrophils, is secreted in high concentrations by female reproductive tract epithelia. We previously observed that GM-CSF synergizes strongly with interleukin-8 (IL-8) in enhancing chemotaxis of neutrophils. Thus we investigated whether pretreatment of neutrophils with GM-CSF would prime subsequent chemotaxis to IL-8 in the absence of GM-CSF. Surprisingly, a 3-hr pulse of GM-CSF severely diminished chemotaxis to IL-8, whereas N-formyl-methyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP)-mediated chemotaxis was retained. Conversely, when cells were incubated without GM-CSF they retained IL-8-mediated migration but lost fMLP chemotaxis. These changes in chemotaxis did not correlate with expression of CXCR1, CXCR2 or formyl peptide receptor. However, IL-8-mediated phosphorylation of p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase was greatly reduced in neutrophils that no longer migrated to IL-8, and was diminished in cells that no longer migrated to fMLP. Oestradiol, which is reported by some to exert an anti-inflammatory effect on neutrophils, did not change the effects of GM-CSF. These data suggest that neutrophil function may be altered by cytokines such as GM-CSF through modulation of signalling and independently of surface receptor expression.

  8. Hubungan Kadar IL-8 Sekret Mukosa Hidung pada Rinosinusitis Kronik tanpa Polip-Nonalergi dengan Fungsi Penghidu Setelah Pemberian Antibiotik Makrolid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edo Wira Candra

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by multifactorial etiology. Interleukin-8 (IL-8 plays an important role as a major proinflammatory cytokine in non-allergic chronic rhinosinusitis without polyp. The common symptom is olfactory function disturbance. Claritrhomycin as a macrolide antibiotics is effective for CRS because of their antibacterial and antiinflamatory activities. The purpose of this study was to observe improvement of clinical symptom depending on the visual analogue scale (VAS score, olfactory function, IL-8 level of nasal secretion, and correlation between IL-8 with olfactory function in non-allergic CRS without nasal polyp. This was a randomized controlled trial open labeled pre- and post-test design. Data analysis used Wilcoxon, Mann Whitney, and rank Spearman correlation test. This study was conducted at the Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Division of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. There were 26 subjects divided in two groups, the first group was given clarithromycin and the second group was given amoxicillin-clavulanate. The two groups underwent visual analogue scale (VAS assessment, nasoendoscopy, sniffing sticks test and nasal secretion of IL-8 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. The two groups had a significant improvement VAS score after therapy (p=0.001 and clarithromycin group showed a statistically significant (p=0.036 effect on decreasing the total VAS score compared to the amoxcicillin-clavulanate group. There was significant correlations between decreasing IL-8 level, increasing olfactory function (p=0.05, and nasal obstruction symptom in VAS (p=0.022 was showed only in clarithromycin group. In conclusion, clarithromycin is effective in reducing clinical symptoms, especially in nasal obstruction, increasing olfactory function and decreasing IL-8 of nasal mucous secretion in non-allergic chronic rhinosinusitis without polyp.

  9. β-Carotene and lutein inhibit hydrogen peroxide-induced activation of NF-κB and IL-8 expression in gastric epithelial AGS cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngha; Seo, Ji Hye; Kim, Hyeyoung

    2011-01-01

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) including hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) are involved in the pathogenesis of gastric inflammation. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent mediator of the inflammatory response by activating and recruiting neutrophils to the site of infection. Oxidant-sensitive transcription factor NF-κB regulates the expression of IL-8 in the immune and inflammatory events. Carotenoids (carotenes and oxygenated carotenoids) show antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Low intake of β-carotene leads to high risk of gastric cancer. Oxygenated carotenoid lutein inhibited NF-κB activation in experimental uveitis. The present study aims to investigate whether β-carotene and lutein inhibit H(2)O(2)-induced activation of NF-κB and expression of IL-8 in gastric epithelial AGS cells. The cells were treated with carotenoids 2 h prior to the treatment of H(2)O(2). mRNA expression was analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real time RT-PCR analyses. IL-8 level in the medium was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. NF-κB activation was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. ROS levels of the cells were detected by confocal microscopic analysis for fluorescent dichlorofluorescein. As a result, H(2)O(2 )induced the activation of NF-κB and expression of IL-8 in AGS cells time-dependently. β-Carotene and lutein showed inhibitory effects on H(2)O(2)-induced increase in intracellular ROS levels, activation of NF-κB, and IL-8 expression in AGS cells. In conclusion, supplementation of carotenoids such as β-carotene and lutein may be beneficial for the treatment of oxidative stress-mediated gastric inflammation.

  10. Polarized secretion of interleukin (IL-6 and IL-8 by human airway epithelia 16HBE14o- cells in response to cationic polypeptide challenge.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Wai-ming Chow

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The airway epithelium participates in asthmatic inflammation in many ways. Target cells of the epithelium can respond to a variety of inflammatory mediators and cytokines. Damage to the surface epithelium occurs following the secretion of eosinophil-derived, highly toxic cationic proteins. Moreover, the surface epithelium itself is responsible for the synthesis and release of cytokines that cause the selective recruitment, retention, and accumulation of various inflammatory cells. To mimic the damage seen during asthmatic inflammation, the bronchial epithelium can be challenged with highly charged cationic polypeptides such as poly-L-arginine. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, human bronchial epithelial cells, 16HBE14o- cells, were "chemically injured" by exposing them to poly-l-arginine as a surrogate of the eosinophil cationic protein. Cytokine antibody array data showed that seven inflammatory mediators were elevated out of the 40 tested, including marked elevation in interleukin (IL-6 and IL-8 secretion. IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA expression levels were elevated as measured with real-time PCR. Cell culture supernatants from apical and basolateral compartments were collected, and the IL-6 and IL-8 production was quantified with ELISA. IL-6 and IL-8 secretion by 16HBE14o- epithelia into the apical compartment was significantly higher than that from the basolateral compartment. Using specific inhibitors, the production of IL-6 and IL-8 was found to be dependent on p38 MAPK, ERK1/2 MAPK, and NF-kappaB pathways. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results clearly demonstrate that damage to the bronchial epithelia by poly-L-arginine stimulates polarized IL-6 and IL-8 secretion. This apically directed secretion of cytokines may play an important role in orchestrating epithelial cell responses to inflammation.

  11. Closing escape routes: inhibition of IL-8 signaling enhances the anti-tumor efficacy of PI3K inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juvekar, Ashish; Wulf, Gerburg M

    2013-04-08

    The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway serves as a relay where signals that emanate from the cell membrane are received and converted into intracellular signals that promote proliferation and survival. Inhibitors of PI3K hold promise for the treatment of breast cancer because activation of this pathway is highly prevalent. However, as is increasingly observed with inhibitors of cell signaling, there appear to be mechanisms of primary and secondary resistance. Britschgi and colleagues report that compensatory activation of the IL-8 signaling axis is a mechanism of primary resistance to PI3K inhibitors in some triple-negative breast cancers. In a set of experiments that carefully emulate the clinical scenario in a mouse model, they show that simultaneous inhibition of Janus kinase 2 enhances the efficacy of PI3K/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition. Their paper lends further support to the concept that successful design of treatments with signal transduction inhibitors must anticipate potential escape routes - and include agents to simultaneously block them.

  12. ROCK2 associates with lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 and mediates oxidized LDL-induced IL-8 production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattaliano, Mark D; Wooters, Joe; Shih, Heather H; Paulsen, Janet E

    2010-05-01

    Oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) is a contributing factor of endothelial dysfunction, an early cellular event during atherogenesis. In endothelial cells, OxLDL has been shown to stimulate proinflammatory responses, increase lipid accumulation, and induce the expression of adhesion and extracellular matrix degrading molecules. The primary receptor for OxLDL on endothelial cells has been identified as a member of the scavenger receptor family called lectin-like OxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). A number of studies on LOX-1 have implicated its role in multiple cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis. To better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of LOX-1 in endothelial cells, we identified interacting proteins in an affinity-purified LOX-1 receptor complex from human aortic endothelial HAECT cells by mass spectrometry. Two molecules involved in Rho signaling pathway, ARHGEF1 and ROCK2, were identified, and their associations with LOX-1 were confirmed in reciprocal immunoprecipitation studies. Particularly, ROCK2 was found to dynamically associate with LOX-1 in the presence of OxLDL. In addition, OxLDL treatment stimulated ROCK2 catalytic activity, and ROCK2 inhibition attenuated NF-kappaB activation and IL-8 production resulting from OxLDL activation of LOX-1. In summary, a functional proteomics approach has enabled us to identify novel LOX-1 interactors that potentially contribute to the cellular and signaling functions of LOX-1.

  13. Streptococcus pneumoniae induced c-Jun-N-terminal kinase- and AP-1 -dependent IL-8 release by lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosseau Simone

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although pneumococcal pneumonia is one of the most common causes of death due to infectious diseases, little is known about pneumococci-lung cell interaction. Herein we tested the hypothesis that pneumococci activated pulmonary epithelial cell cytokine release by c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase (JNK Methods Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B or epithelial HEK293 cells were infected with S. pneumoniae R6x and cytokine induction was measured by RT-PCR, ELISA and Bioplex assay. JNK-phosphorylation was detected by Western blot and nuclear signaling was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP. JNK was modulated by the small molecule inhibitor SP600125 and AP1 by transfection of a dominant negative mutant. Results S. pneumoniae induced the release of distinct CC and CXC, as well as Th1 and Th2 cytokines and growth factors by human lung epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Furthermore, pneumococci infection resulted in JNK phosphorylation in BEAS-2B cells. Inhibition of JNK by small molecule inhibitor SP600125 reduced pneumococci-induced IL-8 mRNA expression and release of IL-8 and IL-6. One regulator of the il8 promoter is JNK-phosphorylated activator protein 1 (AP-1. We showed that S. pneumoniae time-dependently induced DNA binding of AP-1 and its phosphorylated subunit c-Jun with a maximum at 3 to 5 h after infection. Recruitment of Ser63/73-phosphorylated c-Jun and RNA polymerase II to the endogenous il8 promoter was found 2 h after S. pneumoniae infection by chromatin immunoprecipitation. AP-1 repressor A-Fos reduced IL-8 release by TLR2-overexpressing HEK293 cells induced by pneumococci but not by TNFα. Antisense-constructs targeting the AP-1 subunits Fra1 and Fra2 had no inhibitory effect on pneumococci-induced IL-8 release. Conclusion S. pneumoniae-induced IL-8 expression by human epithelial BEAS-2B cells depended on activation of JNK and recruitment of phosphorylated c

  14. Components of the RANK/RANKL/OPG system, IL-6, IL-8, IL-16, MMP-2, and calcitonin in the sera of patients with bone tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushlinskii, N E; Timofeev, Yu S; Solov'ev, Yu N; Gerstein, E S; Lyubimova, N V; Bulycheva, I V

    2014-08-01

    Serum levels of sRANKL, RANK, OPG, IL-8, IL-6, IL-16, MMP-2, and calcitonin were measured by ELISA in patients with malignant, borderline, and benign bone tumors and in healthy individuals (control). Serum levels of RANK, OPG, IL-8, IL-6, and the OPG/sRANKL ratio were significantly higher, while the level of MMP-2 was significantly lower in patients with bone tumors than in controls. Serum concentration of IL-16 in osteosarcoma patients was significantly lower than in chondrosarcoma patients. No significant differences between bone sarcomas of different differentiation were detected for any of the studied markers. Calcitonin level depended on the tumor location and type.

  15. Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine Qingre Lishi Yin on Expressions of IL-6mRNA and IL-8mRNA and IL-10mRNA and Secretion of IL-8 and IL-10 in HaCaT Cells%中药清热利湿饮对HaCaT细胞表达IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA、IL-10mRNA及分泌IL-8、IL-10的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范玉; 杜锡贤; 张春红

    2014-01-01

    目的:揭示中药清热利湿饮对人永生化角质形成细胞HaCaT细胞表达IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA、IL-10mRNA和分泌IL-8、IL-10的作用机制.方法:以HaCaT细胞为研究对象,分别采用RT-PCR技术及ELISA方法观察中药清热利湿饮提取液对经TNF-α诱导活化的HaCaT细胞表达IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA、IL-10mRNA和分泌IL-8、IL-10的影响.结果:清热利湿饮对经TNF-α诱导活化的HaCaT细胞IL-6mRNA和IL-8mRNA的表达有下调作用,在药物浓度为10g/L和12.5g/L时,HaCaT细胞IL-10mRNA的表达量增强较为明显,与TNF-α诱导活化组相比,有显著性差异(P<0.05或P<0.01).清热利湿饮对经TNF-α诱导活化的HaCaT细胞IL-8的分泌有不同程度的抑制作用,但对IL-10的影响不明显.结论:清热利湿饮可下调IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA的表达,上调IL-10mRNA的表达,且此作用随药物浓度的升高而增强;同时可降低细胞IL-8的分泌,但对IL-10的分泌无明显的作用.

  16. IL-17、IL-8、IL-10水平与早期糖尿病肾病的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫娜

    2016-01-01

    目的 观察糖尿病大鼠肾脏早期IL-17、IL-8、IL-10水平的变化,并分析糖尿病大鼠肾脏早期IL-17、IL-8、IL-10水平与糖尿病肾病的关系.方法 健康雄性SD大鼠被随机分为正常对照组和糖尿病模型组,模型组以一次性腹腔注射STZ诱导糖尿病模型;造模成功后在1周、2周、4周、6周,12周时间点分别取两肾,称量两肾的重量及大鼠体重,常规方法检测血清生化指标和尿蛋白含量,ELISA检测IL-17、IL-8、IL-10水平.分析IL-17、IL-8、IL-10水平与糖尿病肾病的关系.结果糖尿病各组大鼠IL-17、IL-8随时间逐渐升高,IL-10随时间逐渐降低,IL-17、IL-8与血糖、CRP、肾脏肥大指数、24小时尿蛋白、肌酐、血尿素氮呈正相关,IL-10与血糖、CRP、肾脏肥大指数、24小时尿蛋白、肌酐、血尿素氮呈负相关,IL-17、IL-8与IL-10呈负相关.结论IL-17、IL-8可能促进糖尿病大鼠肾病的发展,IL-10可能抑制糖尿病大鼠肾病的进展.

  17. Inhibition effect of luteolin on IL-8 signal path in breast cancer cells MDA MB 231%Luteolin抑制乳腺癌细胞MDA-MB231增殖及IL-8信号通路的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文仿; 周科; 赵宗彬; 王明华; 王耕

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨木犀草素(Luteolin)对乳腺癌细胞MDA-MB231增殖及IL-8信号通路的抑制作用.方法:采用不同浓度的Luteolin处理乳腺癌细胞MDA-MB231,观察MDA-MB231细胞的增殖、IL-8蛋白和mRNA的表达以及AKT、ERK的表达.结果:Luteolin可抑制MDA-MB231细胞的增殖和IL-8的分泌,并明显抑制IL-8对乳腺癌细胞的激活.结论:Luteolin是重要的乳腺癌抑制剂,在预防乳腺癌复发及转移中可能有重要的作用.

  18. Implications of chemokines, chemokine receptors, and inflammatory lipids in atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolin, Johannes; Maghazachi, Azzam A

    2014-04-01

    Chemokines are a diverse group of molecules with important implications for the development of solid tissues and normal function of the immune system. However, change of the conditions for such a complex system can have important and dangerous consequences leading to diseases. The specific implications of the various chemokines in diseases have been elucidated in the last few years, prompting hope of manipulating this system for therapy or prevention of diseases. On the other hand, inflammatory lipids are biologically active molecules with crucial impacts on the function of various cell types, including immune cells in health and disease. Here, we describe how these lipids affect the chemokine system and how they interact with chemokines to shape chronic inflammation in the case of atherosclerosis.

  19. 乳酸杆菌对肿瘤坏死因子α诱导Caco-2细胞合成IL-8的影响%Effect of alive lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) on IL-8 production in Caco-2 cells induced by TNF-α

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章丽燕; 陈涵强; 王玮; Li Nan; Josef Neu

    2006-01-01

    目的探讨乳酸杆菌(lactobacillus rhamnosus GG,LGG)对肿瘤坏死因子(tumor necrosis factor-α,TNF-α)诱导肠道上皮Caco-2细胞合成白细胞介素8(IL-8)的影响.方法培养2周的第15~16代Caco-2细胞分别用LGG和TNF-α处理,采用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)测定培养上清液中IL-8含量.结果TNF-α刺激Caco-2细胞合成IL-8的表达在12 h开始增加,24 h及48 h明显增加(分别为5.33 ng/mg与7.36 ng/mg,15.69 ng/mg与32.29 ng/mg,P<0.01),合成IL-8的量与TNF-α的量呈正相关(P<0.01).与对照组比较,LGG组合成IL-8量无差别;与TNF-α组比较,预先给予LGG处理36 h,再给予TNF-α组IL-8量明显减少(26 ng/mg与37 ng/mg,P<0.05).同时在培养液中加入LGG和TNF-α 24 h,LGG未减少TNF-α诱导合成IL-8的量(P>0.05).结论在肠道上皮Caco-2细胞中预先给予LGG能减少TNF-α诱导合成促炎症细胞因子IL-8的表达.

  20. Changes and clinical significances of sP-selectin and IL-8 in patients with colorectal carcinoma%结直肠癌患者血清sP-selectin和IL-8 水平的变化及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟明; 陈冬志

    2003-01-01

    目的探讨结直肠癌患者手术前后血清中可溶性P-selectin和IL-8含量的变化及其临床意义.方法用ELISA法和RIA法分别测定结直肠癌患者手术前,手术后及复发病人血清sP-selectin和IL-8的含量,并与对照组进行比较.结果结直肠癌患者血清sP-selectin和IL-8的含量明显高于正常人(P<0.01),术后3个月下降至接近正常人水平,而复发患者则再次升高(P<0.01).结论血清sP-selectin和IL-8的含量与结直肠癌的发生,发展及预后密切相关.%Objective: To investigate the changes and clinical significance of sP- selectin and IL- 8 in patients with colorectal carcinoma before and after operation. Methods: ELISA and RIA methods were used to examine the levels of sP - selectin and IL- 8 respectively before operation, after operation and after relapse. Results:The levels of sP- selectin and IL- 8 in patients with colorectal carcinoma were significantly higher than tbose in control group ( P <0.01), decreased and approached to those in control group 3 months after operation, and increased again when colorectal carcinoma relapsed (P < 0.01 ). Conclusions: The levels of sP - selectin and IL - 8 in patients with colorectal carcinoma were relative to the development and relapse of colorectal carcinoma.

  1. 支气管肺炎患儿治疗前后血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Determination of Changes of Serum IGF-Ⅱ,IL-6,IL-8,TNF-α Levels After Treatment in Children with Bronchopneamonia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯越

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of changes of serum IGF-Ⅱ; IL-6; IL-8 and TNF-α levels after treatment in children with bronchopneamonia. Methods Serum IGF- Ⅱ; IL-6; IL-8 and TNF-a levels with RIA were detected both before and after treatment in 33 patients with children bronchopneumonia as well as in 35 controls. Results Before treatment; serum IGF-Ⅱ; IL-6; IL-8 and TNF-a levels were significantly higher in the patients than those in the controls ( P 0. 05 ) . Conclusions Seram IGF- Ⅱ; IL-6; IL-8 and TNF-a could take part in the pathogenesis of children bronchopneumonia in various ways and determination of these levels was clinically important.%目的:探讨支气管肺炎患儿治疗前后血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α的变化及其临床意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析对33例支气管肺炎患儿进行了治疗前后血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-6 、IL-8和TNF-α检测,并与35名正常健康儿作比较.结果:支气管肺炎患儿在治疗前血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α水平显著地高于正常儿组(P<0.01).结论:IGF-Ⅱ、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α以不同的方式参与了患儿的发病,其水平的检测对了解病情、指导治疗具有重要的临床价值.

  2. Effect of remifentanil on serum IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 in patients undergoing laparoscope cholecystectomy%雷米芬太尼对腹腔镜胆囊切除术患者IL-6、IL-8和IL-10的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹罗庚; 袁玉萍; 周红云; 庄建伟; 吴文玉; 丁德威

    2006-01-01

    目的 观察全麻下雷米芬太尼与芬太尼对腹腔镜胆囊切除术(LC)患者白细胞介素(IL)-6、IL-8和IL-10的影响.方法 20例LC患者,随机分为两组,每组10例.雷米芬太尼组(Ⅰ组)和芬太尼组(Ⅱ组),分别测定麻醉诱导前、气腹手术前、气腹手术后0.5 h、术毕0.5 h、术后24 h的血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-10的水平.结果 IL-6、IL-8和IL-10在创伤后1~1.5 h开始升高,IL-6的变化最早,IL-8、IL-10在手术结束时逐渐升高,IL-6、IL-8在术后24 h仍在继续上升(P<0.05),而IL-10则有不升或缓升趋势.IL-10对IL-6和IL-8的升高有一定的平衡作用.组间比较,术后24 hⅠ组IL-6、IL-8较Ⅱ组都有明显升高(P<0.01).结论 与芬太尼相比,雷米芬太尼可更为有效地减轻创伤刺激后IL-6、IL-8和IL-10的释放.

  3. Chemokines as Cancer Vaccine Adjuvants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agne Petrosiute

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We are witnessing a new era of immune-mediated cancer therapies and vaccine development. As the field of cancer vaccines advances into clinical trials, overcoming low immunogenicity is a limiting step in achieving full success of this therapeutic approach. Recent discoveries in the many biological roles of chemokines in tumor immunology allow their exploitation in enhancing recruitment of antigen presenting cells (APCs and effector cells to appropriate anatomical sites. This knowledge, combined with advances in gene therapy and virology, allows researchers to employ chemokines as potential vaccine adjuvants. This review will focus on recent murine and human studies that use chemokines as therapeutic anti-cancer vaccine adjuvants.

  4. Influence of functional polymorphisms in TNF-α, IL-8, and IL-10 cytokine genes on mRNA expression levels and risk of gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Juliana Garcia; Rossi, Ana Flávia Teixeira; Nizato, Daniela Manchini; Cadamuro, Aline Cristina Targa; Jorge, Yvana Cristina; Valsechi, Marina Curado; Venâncio, Larissa Paola Rodrigues; Rahal, Paula; Pavarino, Érika Cristina; Goloni-Bertollo, Eny Maria; Silva, Ana Elizabete

    2015-12-01

    Functional polymorphisms in promoter regions can produce changes in the affinity of transcription factors, thus altering the messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression levels of inflammatory cytokines associated with the risk of cancer development. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence that polymorphisms in the cytokine genes known as TNF-α-308 G/A (rs1800629), TNF-α-857 C/T (rs1799724), IL-8-251 T/A (rs4073), IL-8-845 T/C (rs2227532), and IL-10-592 C/A (rs1800872) have on changes to mRNA expression levels and on the risks of chronic gastritis (CG) and gastric cancer (GC). A sample of 723 individuals was genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. Relative mRNA expression levels were measured using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Polymorphisms TNF-α-308 G/A and IL-8-251 A/T were not associated with risks of these gastric lesions. However, TNF-α-857 C/T, IL-8-845 T/C, and IL-10-592 C/A were found to be associated with a higher risk of GC, and IL-10-592 C/A was found to be associated with a higher risk of CG. The relative mRNA expression levels (RQ) of TNF-α, IL-8, and IL-10 were markedly downregulated in the CG group (median RQs = 0.128, 0.247, and 0.614, respectively), while the RQ levels of TNF-α in the GC group were upregulated (RQ = 2.749), but were basal for IL-8 (RQ = 1.053) and downregulated for IL-10 (RQ = 0.179). When the groups were stratified according to wild-type and polymorphic alleles, only for IL-8-845 T/C the polymorphic allele was found to influence the expression levels of this cytokine. IL-8-845 C allele carriers were significantly upregulated in both groups (GC and CG; RQ = 3.138 and 2.181, respectively) when compared to TT homozygotes (RQ = -0.407 and 0.165, respectively). In silico analysis in the IL-8 promoter region revealed that the presence of the variant C allele in position -845 is responsible for the presence of the binding

  5. Early suppression of NFkappaB and IL-8 in bronchial epithelium after ozone exposure in healthy human subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosson, Jenny; Blomberg, Anders; Pourazar, Jamshid; Mudway, Ian S; Frew, Anthony J; Kelly, Frank J; Sandström, Thomas

    2009-09-01

    Exposure to elevated concentrations of ozone, a common air pollutant, has been associated with numerous adverse health effects. We have previously reported the time-course of ozone-induced airway inflammation, demonstrating an early up-regulation of vascular endothelial adhesion molecules in bronchial mucosa at 1.5 hours, followed by a neutrophilic infiltration 6 hours after exposure to 0.2 ppm ozone. We hypothesized that the neutrophilic infiltration in the bronchial mucosa would reflect an early increase in bronchial epithelial expression of redox-sensitive transcription factors and kinases regulating neutrophil chemoattractant expression. To test this hypothesis, endobronchial biopsies were obtained from healthy human subjects (n = 11) 1.5 hours after 0.2 ppm of ozone and filtered air exposures (lasting for 2 hours) and stained for mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), transcription factors, and neutrophil chemoattractants. Total epithelial staining was quantified, as well as the extent of nuclear translocation. Contrary to expectation, ozone significantly suppressed total and nuclear expression of nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB) in bronchial epithelial cells (p = 0.02 and p = 0.003 respectively). Similarly, the total staining for phosphorylated C-jun was suppressed (p = 0.021). Expression of interleukin 8 (IL-8) in the bronchial epithelium was likewise decreased after ozone (p = 0.018), while GRO-alpha, ENA-78, C-fos, p-p38, p-JNK, and p-ERK stainings were unchanged. These data suggest that the redox-sensitive NFkappaB and activator protein 1 (AP-1) pathways within the human bronchial epithelium do not seem to be involved in the early inflammatory cell recruitment pathways in healthy subjects exposed to ozone.

  6. Association of H pylori cagA and vacA genotypes and IL-8 gene polymorphisms with clinical outcome of infection in Iranian patients with gastrointestinal diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eskandar Kamali-Sarvestani; Abdulah Bazargani; Malihe Masoudian; Kamran Lankarani; Ali-Reza Taghavi; Mehdi Saberifiroozi

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To find out if a functional promoter polymorphism in the IL-8 gene along with cagA status and polymorphisms in vac4 gene influence the type of diseases in Iranian patients infected by H pylori.METHODS: IL-8 -251 A/T polymorphism was genotypedby oligonucleotide allele specific PCR (ASO-PCR) in a sample of 233 patients with H pylori infection undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The presence of cagA gene and polymorphisms in vacA gene was also determined by PCR. Association of these genetic polymorphisms with the development of gastritis, peptic ulcers as well as gastric cancer was tested. RESULTS: When the patients with different clinical manifestations were compared according to the presence of cagA gene or various vacA genotypes, only the vacA genotypes were significantly different among gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer patients (x2= 17.8; P =0.001). Furthermore, there was a significant difference in the frequency of IL-8 -251 A/T genotypes between patients with gastric cancer and benign diseases (x2=10.47; P = 0.005).CONCLUSION: The IL-8 -251 A/T polymorphism and the polymorphisms in H pylori vacA gene are involved in limiting the infection outcome to gastritis and peptic ulcer or in favoring cancer onset in Iranian patients.

  7. Expression of IL-8, IL-6 and IL-1β in tears as a main characteristic of the immune response in human microbial keratitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santacruz, Concepcion; Linares, Marisela; Garfias, Yonathan; Loustaunau, Luisa M; Pavon, Lenin; Perez-Tapia, Sonia Mayra; Jimenez-Martinez, Maria C

    2015-03-03

    Corneal infections are frequent and potentially vision-threatening diseases, and despite the significance of the immunological response in animal models of microbial keratitis (MK), it remains unclear in humans. The aim of this study was to describe the cytokine profile of tears in patients with MK. Characteristics of ocular lesions such as size of the epithelial defect, stromal infiltration, and hypopyon were analyzed. Immunological evaluation included determination of interleukine (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in tear samples obtained from infected eyes of 28 patients with MK and compared with their contralateral non-infected eyes. Additionally, frequency of CD4+, CD8+, CD19+ and CD3-CD56+ cells was also determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with MK, and compared with 48 healthy controls. Non-significant differences were observed in the size of the epithelial defect, stromal infiltration, and hypopyon. Nevertheless, we found an immunological profile apparently related to MK etiology. IL-8 > IL-6 in patients with bacterial keratitis; IL-8 > IL-6 > IL-1β and increased frequency of circulating CD3-CD56+ NK cells in patients with gram-negative keratitis; and IL-8 = IL-6 > IL-1β in patients with fungal keratitis. Characterization of tear cytokines from patients with MK could aid our understanding of the immune pathophysiological mechanisms underlying corneal damage in humans.

  8. Chromosomal assignment of six genes (EIF4G3, HSP90, RBBP6, IL8, TERT, and TERC) in four species of the genus Equus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidale, Pamela; Piras, Francesca M; Nergadze, Solomon G; Bertoni, Livia; Verini-Supplizi, Andrea; Adelson, David; Guérin, Gérard; Giulotto, Elena

    2011-01-01

    We mapped six genes (EIF4G3, HSP90, RBBP6, IL8, TERT, and TERC) on the chromosomes of Equus caballus, Equus asinus, Equus grevyi, and Equus burchelli by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Our results add six type I markers to the cytogenetic map of these species and provide new information on the comparative genomics of the genus Equus.

  9. Classical swine fever virus infection modulates serum levels of INF-α, IL-8 and TNF-α in 6-month-old pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Rosen, Tanya; Lohse, Louise; Nielsen, Jens;

    2013-01-01

    in 6-month-old Danish pigs, the strains used for inoculation were classified as being of low (Bergen), low to moderate (Eystrup) and moderate to high (Lithuania) virulence. The cytokines interferon-alpha (INF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) showed increased levels after...

  10. The diagnostic value of CRP, IL-8, PCT, and sTREM-1 in the detection of bacterial infections in pediatric oncology patients with febrile neutropenia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miedema, Karin G. E.; de Bont, Eveline S. J. M.; Elferink, Rob F. M. Oude; van Vliet, Michel J.; Nijhuis, Claudi S. M. Oude; Kamps, Willem A.; Tissing, Wim J. E.

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we evaluated C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-8, procalcitonin (PCT), and soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) as predictors for bacterial infection in febrile neutropenia, plus their usefulness in febrile neutropenia during chemotherapy-induced

  11. 乳腺癌患者血清IGF-I、CA153和IL-8水平检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Serum Levels of IGF-Ⅰ , CA153 and IL-8 in Patients with Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文源; 刘华; 陈琳; 刘蓉华

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of serum IGF-Ⅰ,CA153 and IL-8 levels in patients with breast cancer.Methods The serum levels of IGF-Ⅰ,CA153 and IL-8 in 36 patients with breast cancer,40 patients with benign breast patients and 35 healthy controls were determined by RIA and ELISA respectively.Results The serum levels of IGF-Ⅰ,CA153 and IL-8 in patients with breast cancer were significantly higher than those in benign breast patient and controls (P <0.01).The serum levels of IGF-Ⅰ,CA153 and IL-8 in 15 breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis were significantly higher than those in 21 breast cancer patients without lymph nodes metastasis (P < 0.01).Conclusion The serum levels of IGF-Ⅰ,CA153 and IL-8 might be used as markers in differential diagnosis of malignant from benign diseases,also might be helpful for lymph nodes metastasis prediction.%目的 为探讨乳腺癌患者血清IGF-Ⅰ、CA153和IL-8水平的变化及临床意义.方法 对36例乳腺癌组患者、40例乳腺良性病变组患者和35名正常人,用RIA法和ELISA法分别测定血清IGF-Ⅰ、CA153和IL-8水平.结果 乳腺癌组患者血清IGF-Ⅰ、CA153和IL-8水平均高于乳腺良性病变组患者和正常组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);伴有淋巴结转移的乳腺癌患者血清IGF-Ⅰ、CA153和IL-8水平明显高于无淋巴结转移的乳腺癌患者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 乳腺癌患者血清IGF-Ⅰ、CA153和IL-8水平的变化可能成为鉴别乳腺良、恶性病变的辅助指标之一,有助于判断乳腺癌有无淋巴结转移及预后.

  12. COPD患者血清IL-6、IL-8、hs-CRP和IL-18检测的临床意义%Clinical Relevance of Determination the Changes on Serum IL-6, IL-8,hs-CRP and IL-18 Levels in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases(COPD)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵庆琪; 姚加平

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者治疗前后血清IL-6、IL-8、hs-CRP和IL-18水平的变化及临床意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析和免疫比浊法对32例COPD患者进行了治疗前后血清IL-6、IL-8、hs-CRP和IL-8检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:COPD患者在治疗前血清IL-6、IL-8、hs-CRP和IL-18水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),经中西医结合治疗1个月后与正常人组比较仍有差异(P<0.05).结论:IL-6、IL-8、hs-CRP和IL-18的测定,可适用为一种筛选方法,其变化可能以不同的方式参与了COPD的发病,此外,该些项目的检测对了解病情、指导治疗具有重要的临床价值.%Objective To observe the clinical significance of changes on serum IL-6, IL-8, hs-CRP and BL-18 levels after treatment in patients with COPD. Methods Serum 11-6, IL-8 (with RIA) , serum hs-CRP(with immunotubidimetry) levels were measured both before and after treatment in 32 patients with COPD as well as in 35 normal controls. Results Before treatment, the serum IL-6, IL-8, hs-CRP, IL-18 levels were significantly higher than those in controls (P < 0.01). After 1 month of treatment the serum IL-6, IL-8, hs-CRP and IL-18 dropped markedly but remained higher difference than those in controls ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion Measurement of serum IL-6,IL-8,hs-CRP and IL-18 were suitable to be used as a screening method. Besides, it could take part in pathogenesis of COPD in various ways and the changes of these items levels is of important values to realize pathosis and therapeutic effect.

  13. 肩周炎患者推拿治疗前后血清IL-8,IL-32,IL-18检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Weasuremeat of Changes of Serum IL-8,IL-32,IL-18 Levels after massage therapy in Patients With periarthritis of Shoulder Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙黎明

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the Clinical Significance of Changes of Serum IL-8,IL-32,IL-18 levels after massage therapy in patients with periarthrits of Shoulder Diseases. Methods: Serum IL-8(with RIA) Serum IL-32,IL-18(with EL:SA) levels were determined both before and after massage therapy in 31patients with periarthritis of shoulder diseases as wel as in 35 controls. Results: Before massage therapy the Serum IL-8,IL-32 and IL-18 levels in the patients were significantly higher than those in controls(P0.05), Serum IL-8 levels were positive correlated with Serum IL-32,IL-18 levels(r=0.6118,0.4982, P<0.01). Conclusions: Detection of Serum IL-8,IL-32 and IL-18 levels were closely related to the occurrence and development of the diseases also provides important value clinical y.%目的探讨了肩周炎患者治疗前后血清IL-8,IL-32和IL-18水平的变化及意义。方法应用放射免疫分析法和酶联法对31例肩周炎患者进行了推拿治疗前后血清IL-8,IL-32和IL-18水平检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较。结果肩周炎患者在推拿治疗前血清IL-8,IL-32和IL-18水平均非常显著地高于正常人(P<0.01),经推拿治疗2周后则与正常人比较无显著性差异(P>0.05),且血清IL-8水平与IL-32,IL-18水平呈显著正相关(r=0.6118,0.4982, P<0.01)。结论检测血清IL-8,IL-32和IL-18水平的变化与疾病的发生发展密切相关,具有重要的临床价值。

  14. Learning Cascading

    CERN Document Server

    Covert, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This book is intended for software developers, system architects and analysts, big data project managers, and data scientists who wish to deploy big data solutions using the Cascading framework. You must have a basic understanding of the big data paradigm and should be familiar with Java development techniques.

  15. Insulin Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1 Causes Overproduction of IL-8, an Angiogenic Cytokine and Stimulates Neovascularization in Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Infarction in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraja Haleagrahara

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Angiogenesis factors are produced in response to hypoxic or ischemic insult at the site of pathology, which will cause neovascularization. Insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1 exerts potent proliferative, angiogenic and anti-apoptotic effects in target tissues. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effects of IGF-1 on circulating level of angiogenic cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8, in experimentally-induced myocardial ischemia in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control, IGF-1 treated (2 µg/kg/day subcutaneously, for 5 and 10 days, isoproterenol (ISO treated (85 mg/kg, subcutaneously for two days and ISO with IGF-1 treated (for 5 and 10 days. Heart weight, serum IGF-1, IL-8 and cardiac marker enzymes (CK-MB and LDH were recorded after 5 and 10 days of treatment. Histopathological analyses of the myocardium were also done. There was a significant increase in serum cardiac markers with ISO treatment indicating myocardial infarction in rats. IGF-1 level increased significantly in ISO treated groups and the level of IGF-1 was significantly higher after 10 days of treatment. IL-8 level increased significantly after ISO treatment after 5 and 10 days and IGF-1 concurrent treatment to ISO rats had significantly increased IL-8 levels. Histopathologically, myocyte necrosis and nuclear pyknosis were reduced significantly in IGF-1 treated group and there were numerous areas of capillary sprouting suggestive of neovascularization in the myocardium. Thus, IGF-1 protects the ischemic myocardium with increased production of circulating angiogenic cytokine, IL-8 and increased angiogenesis.

  16. Chitosan oilgosaccharides suppress LPS-induced IL-8expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cells through blockade of p38 and Akt protein kinases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-tao LIU; Pei HUANG; Pan MA; Qi-shun LIU; Chao YU; Yu-guang DUL

    2011-01-01

    Aim:To investigate whether and how COS inhibited IL-8 production in LPS-induced human urnbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs).Methods:RT-PCR,enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays(ELISA)and Western blotting were used to study IL-8 expression and related signaling pathway.Wound healing migration assays and monocytic cell adhesion analysis were used to explore the chemotactic andadhesive aCtivities of HUVEcs.Results:COS 50-200 μg/mL exerted a significant inhibitory effect on LPS 100 μg/mL-induced IL-8 expression in HUVECs at both the transcriptional and translational levels.In addition, COS 50-200 μg/mL inhibited LPS-induced HUVEC migration and U937 monocyte adhesion to HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner.Signal transduction studies suggest that COS blocked LPS-induced activation of nuclear factor-KB(NF-KB)and activator protein-1(AP-1)as well as phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)and phosphokinase Akt.Further,the over-expression of LPS-induced IL-8 mRNA in HUVEcs was suppressed by a p38 MAPK inhibitor(SB203580.25 pmol/L)or a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(P13K)inhibitor(LY294002.50 μmol/L).Conclusion:COS inhibited LPS-induced IL-8 expression in HUVECs through the blockade of the p38 MAPK and P13K/Akt signaling pathways.

  17. Trefoil Factor-3 (TFF3 Stimulates De Novo Angiogenesis in Mammary Carcinoma both Directly and Indirectly via IL-8/CXCR2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wai-Hoe Lau

    Full Text Available Mammary carcinoma cells produce pro-angiogenic factors to stimulate angiogenesis and tumor growth. Trefoil factor-3 (TFF3 is an oncogene secreted from mammary carcinoma cells and associated with poor prognosis. Herein, we demonstrate that TFF3 produced in mammary carcinoma cells functions as a promoter of tumor angiogenesis. Forced expression of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells promoted proliferation, survival, invasion and in vitro tubule formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC. MCF7-TFF3 cells with forced expression of TFF3 generated tumors with enhanced microvessel density as compared to tumors formed by vector control cells. Depletion of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells by siRNA concordantly decreased the angiogenic behavior of HUVEC. Forced expression of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells stimulated IL-8 transcription and subsequently enhanced IL-8 expression in both mammary carcinoma cells and HUVEC. Depletion of IL-8 in mammary carcinoma cells with forced expression of TFF3, or antibody inhibition of IL-8, partially abrogated mammary carcinoma cell TFF3-stimulated HUVEC angiogenic behavior in vitro, as did inhibition of the IL-8 receptor, CXCR2. Depletion of STAT3 by siRNA in MCF-7 cells with forced expression of TFF3 partially diminished the angiogenic capability of TFF3 on stimulation of cellular processes of HUVEC. Exogenous recombinant hTFF3 also directly promoted the angiogenic behavior of HUVEC. Hence, TFF3 is a potent angiogenic factor and functions as a promoter of de novo angiogenesis in mammary carcinoma, which may co-coordinate with the growth promoting and metastatic actions of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma to enhance tumor progression.

  18. Mechanisms underlying Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae exotoxin ApxI induced expression of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α in porcine alveolar macrophages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Zeng-Weng

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae causes fibrino-hemorrhagic necrotizing pleuropneumonia in pigs. Production of proinflammatory mediators in the lungs is an important feature of A. pleuropneumoniae infection. However, bacterial components other than lipopolysaccharide involved in this process remain unidentified. The goals of this study were to determine the role of A. pleuropneumoniae exotoxin ApxI in cytokine induction and to delineate the underlying mechanisms. Using real-time quantitative PCR analysis, we found native ApxI stimulated porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs to transcribe mRNAs of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Heat-inactivation or pre-incubation of ApxI with a neutralizing antiserum attenuated ApxI bioactivity to induce cytokine gene expression. The secretion of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α protein from PAMs stimulated with ApxI was also confirmed by quantitative ELISA. In delineating the underlying signaling pathways contributing to cytokine expression, we observed mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs p38 and cJun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK were activated upon ApxI stimulation. Administration of an inhibitor specific to p38 or JNK resulted in varying degrees of attenuation on ApxI-induced cytokine expression, suggesting the differential regulatory roles of p38 and JNK in IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α production. Further, pre-incubation of PAMs with a CD18-blocking antibody prior to ApxI stimulation significantly reduced the activation of p38 and JNK, and subsequent expression of IL-1β, IL-8 or TNF-α gene, indicating a pivotal role of β2 integrins in the ApxI-mediated effect. Collectively, this study demonstrated ApxI induces gene expression of IL-1β, IL-8 and TNF-α in PAMs that involves β2 integrins and downstream MAPKs.

  19. Regulation of IL-6 and IL-8 production by reciprocal cell-to-cell interactions between tumor cells and stromal fibroblasts through IL-1α in ameloblastoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuchigami, Takao [Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Kibe, Toshiro [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Koyama, Hirofumi; Kishida, Shosei; Iijima, Mikio [Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Nishizawa, Yoshiaki [Kagoshima University Faculty of Medicine, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Hijioka, Hiroshi; Fujii, Tomomi [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Ueda, Masahiro [Natural Science Centre for Research and Education, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Koorimoto, Kagoshima 890-8580 (Japan); Nakamura, Norifumi [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan); Kiyono, Tohru [Department of Virology, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuouku, Tokyo 104-0045 (Japan); Kishida, Michiko, E-mail: kmichiko@m2.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp [Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544 (Japan)

    2014-09-05

    Highlights: • We studied the interaction between tumor cells and fibroblasts in ameloblastoma. • AM-3 ameloblastoma cells secreted significantly high IL-1α levels. • IL-1α derived from AM-3 cells promoted IL-6 and IL-8 secretion of fibroblasts. • IL-6 and IL-8 activated the cellular motility and proliferation of AM-3 cells. - Abstract: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic benign tumor that occurs in the jawbone, which invades bone and reoccurs locally. This tumor is treated by wide surgical excision and causes various problems, including changes in facial countenance and mastication disorders. Ameloblastomas have abundant tumor stroma, including fibroblasts and immune cells. Although cell-to-cell interactions are considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases, intercellular communications in ameloblastoma have not been fully investigated. In this study, we examined interactions between tumor cells and stromal fibroblasts via soluble factors in ameloblastoma. We used a human ameloblastoma cell line (AM-3 ameloblastoma cells), human fibroblasts (HFF-2 fibroblasts), and primary-cultured fibroblasts from human ameloblastoma tissues, and analyzed the effect of ameloblastoma-associated cell-to-cell communications on gene expression, cytokine secretion, cellular motility and proliferation. AM-3 ameloblastoma cells secreted higher levels of interleukin (IL)-1α than HFF-2 fibroblasts. Treatment with conditioned medium from AM-3 ameloblastoma cells upregulated gene expression and secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 of HFF-2 fibroblasts and primary-cultured fibroblast cells from ameloblastoma tissues. The AM3-stimulated production of IL-6 and IL-8 in fibroblasts was neutralized by pretreatment of AM-3 cells with anti-IL-1α antibody and IL-1 receptor antagonist. Reciprocally, cellular motility of AM-3 ameloblastoma cells was stimulated by HFF-2 fibroblasts in IL-6 and IL-8 dependent manner. In conclusion, ameloblastoma cells and stromal fibroblasts behave

  20. 1,3-Diphenylpropenone ameliorates TNBS-induced rat colitis through suppression of NF-κB activation and IL-8 induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Su-Young; Ku, Sae Kwang; Lee, Eung Seok; Kim, Jung-Ae

    2012-03-05

    In the present study, we examined whether newly synthesized phenylpropenone derivatives, by inhibiting NF-κB activity, would inhibit IL-8 expression, inflammation and abnormal angiogenesis, resulting in amelioration of disease conditions. The phenylpropenone derivatives inhibited NF-κB transcriptional activity, which correlated with their suppressive activity against TNF-α-induced adhesion of U937 human monocytic cells to HT-29 human colonic epithelial cells, an in vitro model of IBD. Among the derivatives, 1,3-diphenylpropenone (DPhP) was most efficacious, and it significantly suppressed TNF-α-induced production of IL-8 which is a proinflammatory and proangiogenic cytokine. The anti-inflammatory activity of DPhP was also confirmed in the trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced rat colitis model. DPhP was protective against the TNBS-induced inflammatory responses, which included weight loss, increased myeloperoxidase activity and mucosal damage. In the colon tissue, DPhP inhibited TNBS-induced NF-κB nuclear translocation, IL-8 and TNF-α expressions, and abnormal angiogenesis. In addition, DPhP also suppressed IL-8-induced angiogenesis, which was revealed by an in vivo assay using chick chorioallantoic membrane. Furthermore, the level of IL-6, a pleiotropic cytokine which is implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD and colitis-associated cancer, was suppressed by DPhP in rat colon tissue and serum. In conclusion, the results suggest that DPhP is a potential dual-acting IBD drug candidate targeting both inflammation and abnormal angiogenesis, possibly through the NF-κB and IL-8 signaling pathway.

  1. HBP联合IL-8 PCT检测在急性重症胰腺炎继发感染中的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁春虹; 谭恰; 熊伟

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨肝素结合蛋白(HBP)、白介素-8(IL-8)和降钙素原(PCT)联合检测对急性重症胰腺炎(SAP)继发感染的诊断价值。方法 SAP患者80例分为继发感染组38例和非继发感染组42例,检测两组患者血清IL-8、PCT和HBP水平,并比较3种指标单独与联合检测诊断SAP继发感染的敏感性、特异性、阳性预测值、阴性预测值和准确性。结果 SAP继发感染组血清IL-8、PCT和HBP水平均显著高于SAP非继发感染组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。单独检测HBP诊断SAP继发感染敏感性、特异性、阳性预测值、阴性预测值和准确性均最高,IL-8、PCT和HBP联合检测诊断SAP继发感染特异性、阳性预测值和准确性最高。结论 IL-8、PCT和HBP可作为SAP继发感染的诊断指标,其中HBP诊断价值最高,3种指标联合检测SAP继发感染的准确性最好。

  2. Trefoil Factor-3 (TFF3) Stimulates De Novo Angiogenesis in Mammary Carcinoma both Directly and Indirectly via IL-8/CXCR2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Wai-Hoe; Pandey, Vijay; Kong, Xiangjun; Wang, Xiao-Nan; Wu, ZhengSheng; Zhu, Tao; Lobie, Peter E

    2015-01-01

    Mammary carcinoma cells produce pro-angiogenic factors to stimulate angiogenesis and tumor growth. Trefoil factor-3 (TFF3) is an oncogene secreted from mammary carcinoma cells and associated with poor prognosis. Herein, we demonstrate that TFF3 produced in mammary carcinoma cells functions as a promoter of tumor angiogenesis. Forced expression of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells promoted proliferation, survival, invasion and in vitro tubule formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). MCF7-TFF3 cells with forced expression of TFF3 generated tumors with enhanced microvessel density as compared to tumors formed by vector control cells. Depletion of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells by siRNA concordantly decreased the angiogenic behavior of HUVEC. Forced expression of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells stimulated IL-8 transcription and subsequently enhanced IL-8 expression in both mammary carcinoma cells and HUVEC. Depletion of IL-8 in mammary carcinoma cells with forced expression of TFF3, or antibody inhibition of IL-8, partially abrogated mammary carcinoma cell TFF3-stimulated HUVEC angiogenic behavior in vitro, as did inhibition of the IL-8 receptor, CXCR2. Depletion of STAT3 by siRNA in MCF-7 cells with forced expression of TFF3 partially diminished the angiogenic capability of TFF3 on stimulation of cellular processes of HUVEC. Exogenous recombinant hTFF3 also directly promoted the angiogenic behavior of HUVEC. Hence, TFF3 is a potent angiogenic factor and functions as a promoter of de novo angiogenesis in mammary carcinoma, which may co-coordinate with the growth promoting and metastatic actions of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma to enhance tumor progression. PMID:26559818

  3. Trefoil Factor-3 (TFF3) Stimulates De Novo Angiogenesis in Mammary Carcinoma both Directly and Indirectly via IL-8/CXCR2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Wai-Hoe; Pandey, Vijay; Kong, Xiangjun; Wang, Xiao-Nan; Wu, ZhengSheng; Zhu, Tao; Lobie, Peter E

    2015-01-01

    Mammary carcinoma cells produce pro-angiogenic factors to stimulate angiogenesis and tumor growth. Trefoil factor-3 (TFF3) is an oncogene secreted from mammary carcinoma cells and associated with poor prognosis. Herein, we demonstrate that TFF3 produced in mammary carcinoma cells functions as a promoter of tumor angiogenesis. Forced expression of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells promoted proliferation, survival, invasion and in vitro tubule formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). MCF7-TFF3 cells with forced expression of TFF3 generated tumors with enhanced microvessel density as compared to tumors formed by vector control cells. Depletion of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells by siRNA concordantly decreased the angiogenic behavior of HUVEC. Forced expression of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma cells stimulated IL-8 transcription and subsequently enhanced IL-8 expression in both mammary carcinoma cells and HUVEC. Depletion of IL-8 in mammary carcinoma cells with forced expression of TFF3, or antibody inhibition of IL-8, partially abrogated mammary carcinoma cell TFF3-stimulated HUVEC angiogenic behavior in vitro, as did inhibition of the IL-8 receptor, CXCR2. Depletion of STAT3 by siRNA in MCF-7 cells with forced expression of TFF3 partially diminished the angiogenic capability of TFF3 on stimulation of cellular processes of HUVEC. Exogenous recombinant hTFF3 also directly promoted the angiogenic behavior of HUVEC. Hence, TFF3 is a potent angiogenic factor and functions as a promoter of de novo angiogenesis in mammary carcinoma, which may co-coordinate with the growth promoting and metastatic actions of TFF3 in mammary carcinoma to enhance tumor progression.

  4. IL-8通过上调Bcl-2的表达和下调caspase-3的表达抑制MCF-7乳腺癌细胞凋亡%IL-8 inhibits the apoptosis of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells by up-regulating Bcl-2 and down-regulating caspase-3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞雪利; 李矿发; 魏兰; 黄云秀; 苏敏; 王林; 曹红; 陈婷梅

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨白细胞介素8(IL-8)对乳腺癌细胞MCF-7凋亡的影响及其机制.方法 Westem blot法检测MCF-7细胞IL-8受体CXC趋化因子受体1(CXCR1)、CXCR2的表达;反转录PCR、Western blot法检测(0、20、40、80、160) ng/mL IL-8对MCF-7细胞Bcl-2、caspase-3表达的影响;CCK-8法检测(0、40、80) ng/mL IL-8对MCF-7细胞增殖的影响;相差显微镜下观察80 ng/mL IL-8处理MCF-7后细胞形态的变化;Western blot法检测80 ng/mL IL-8联合信号通路抑制剂10 μmol/L PD980590、10 μmol/L LY294002或50 μmol/L AG490[分别为丝裂原活化蛋白激酶/细胞外调节蛋白激酶(MAPK/ERK)、磷酸肌醇-3激酶/蛋白激酶B(PBK/AKT)、Janus激酶/信号转导子和转录激活子(JAK/STAT)信号通路抑制剂],共同处理MCF-7细胞后,细胞内Bcl-2蛋白表达的变化;Western blot法检测(0、20、40、80、160) ng/mL IL-8对MCF-7细胞磷酸化p-AKT表达的影响;流式细胞术、反转录PCR以及Westem blot法分别检测80 ng/mL IL-8联合10 μmol/L LY294002共同处理MCF-7细胞后,细胞凋亡以及细胞内Bcl-2、caspase-3表达的变化.结果 IL-8受体CXCR1、CXCR2在MCF-7细胞中均有表达;在IL-8的作用下,MCF-7细胞Bcl-2表达升高,caspase-3表达下降,抗凋亡能力明显增强;IL-8能显著上调MCF-7细胞中p-AKT的表达;PBK/AKT信号通路抑制剂LY294002能显著抑制IL-8抗MCF-7细胞凋亡的作用,且减少Bcl-2并增加caspase-3的表达.结论 IL-8可显著抑制MCF-7细胞的凋亡,其机制可能与IL-8激活PI3K/AKT信号通路而上调Bcl-2、下调caspase-3的表达有关.

  5. Chlamydophila pneumonia-Derived Inclusion Membrane Protein Cpn0147 Induces Monocytes Secretion of TNF-αand IL-8%肺炎嗜衣原体包涵体膜蛋白Cpn0147诱导单核细胞分泌TNF-α和IL-8

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴华; 卿文衡; 刘军; 张黎黎

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the molecular mechanism of the inclusion membrane protein Cpn0147 on the se-cretion of cytokines in monocytes. Methods Cultured THP-1 cells were stimulated with different concentration of endotox-in-free recombinant inclusion protein (1. 0,10. 0,30. 0 and 50. 0μg/mL) for 0~48 h. Secretion of TNF-αand IL-8 were de-tected by ELISA,expression of the mRNA was measured by real-time PCR. In addition,cells were preincubated with Toll-like receptor 2(TLR2) or TLR4 neutralizing antibody,or transfected with siRNA for TLR2 and TLR4,secretion of TNF-αand IL-8 were detected by ELISA. Results Cpn0147 could induce THP-1 cells the secretion of TNF-αand IL-8,and the expres-sion of mRNA. The production of TNF-αand IL-8 varies with time intervals,the ELISA results indicated secretion of cytokines appeared after 2~6 h of stimulation,peaked at 12 h and then decreased. Pre-incubation of TLR2 or TLR4 neutralizing anti-body significantly abrogate Cpn0147-induced cytokines production,similar results was also obtained by RNA interference of TLR2 and TLR4. Conclusion Cpn0147 can induce TNF-αand IL-8 secretion via TLR2 and TLR4.%目的:探讨肺炎嗜衣原体( Cpn)包涵体膜蛋白Cpn0147诱导人单核细胞分泌炎症因子的分子机制。方法用去除内毒素活性的不同浓度Cpn0147重组蛋白(1.0、10.0、30.0和50.0μg/mL)刺激THP-1细胞0~48 h,ELISA检测肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)和白介素-8(IL-8)的分泌水平;实时定量PCR检测TNF-α和IL-8 mRNA的表达;用Toll样受体2( TLR2)和TLR4中和抗体处理THP-1细胞,或采用 TLR2和 TLR4 siRNA沉默其表达, ELISA检测THP-1处理前后TNF-α和IL-8分泌的变化。结果 Cpn0147可诱导THP-1细胞表达TNF-α和IL-8的mRNA和蛋白;同时,不同时间点Cpn0147对TNF-α和IL-8的诱导水平有所不同,Cpn0147作用2~6 h后即可诱导TNF-α和IL-8分泌,12 h时达到峰值,随后逐渐下降。采用TLR2和TLR4中和抗体封闭THP-1细胞后,TNF-α和IL-8

  6. Neutrophil recruitment by human IL-17 via C-X-C chemokine release in the airways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laan, M; Cui, Z H; Hoshino, H; Lötvall, J; Sjöstrand, M; Gruenert, D C; Skoogh, B E; Lindén, A

    1999-02-15

    IL-17 is a recently discovered cytokine that can be released from activated human CD4+ T lymphocytes. This study assessed the proinflammatory effects of human (h) IL-17 in the airways. In vitro, hIL-17 increased the release of IL-8 in human bronchial epithelial and venous endothelial cells, in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion. This effect of hIL-17 was inhibited by cotreatment with an anti-hIL-17 Ab and was potentiated by hTNF-alpha. In addition, hIL-17 increased the expression of hIL-8 mRNA in bronchial epithelial cells. Conditioned medium from hIL-17-treated bronchial epithelial cells increased human neutrophil migration in vitro. This effect was blocked by an anti-hIL-8 Ab. In vivo, intratracheal instillation of hIL-17 selectively recruited neutrophils into rat airways. This recruitment of neutrophils into the airways was inhibited by an anti-hIL-17 Ab and accompanied by increased levels of rat macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (rMIP-2) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. The BAL neutrophilia was also blocked by an anti-rMIP-2 Ab. The effect of hIL-17 on the release of hIL-8 and rMIP-2 was also inhibited by glucocorticoids, in vitro and in vivo, respectively. These data demonstrate that hIL-17 can specifically and selectively recruit neutrophils into the airways via the release of C-X-C chemokines from bronchial epithelial cells and suggest a novel mechanism linking the activation of T-lymphocytes to recruitment of neutrophils into the airways.

  7. Clinical significance of detecting serum levels of TNF-α, IL-10, IL-8 and IL-6 in patients with Breast cancer%乳腺癌患者血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α的水平变化及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治伟; 迟琼; 万利

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨乳腺癌患者血清中IL--6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α水平与乳腺癌发病的关系.方法 应用放射免疫分析方法检测50例乳腺癌患者不同时期血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α水平,并与30例正常者对照比较.结果 乳腺癌患者活动期血清中IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α的含量显著高于缓解期和对照组,IL-10含量显著低于缓解期和对照组.缓解期IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α含量与对照组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).活动期IL-6、IL-8表达水平与TNF-α呈正相关,与IL-10呈负相关.结论 乳腺癌患者活动期IL-10表达水平降低,IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α 表达水平升高,使体内免疫调节失衡,从而成为乳腺癌患者病因之一.乳腺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α水平与疾病严重程度显著相关.

  8. 消化性溃疡病患者治疗前后血清GM-CSF、IL-8和IL-6水平检测的临床意义%Clinical significnce of measurement of changes of sercan GM-CSF、IL-8、IL-6 levels after-crentment in patients with peptic alcer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    漆以芹

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the changes of serclm GM-CSF、IL-8 and IL-6 levels both before and after treatment in paticents with peptic ulcer.Metheds Serccm GM-CSF IL-8 and IL-6 levels were measured with RIA in 36 patients with peptic celcer both Before and after treatment as well as in 35 controls.Results Before freatment,the serclun GM-CSF IL-8 and IC-6 levels were significantly higher in the patients than those in the contrels(P0.05).Conclusions Abnormal higher sercun GM-CSF.IL-8 and IL-6 levels played inuportant role in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer.%目的 探讨了消化性溃疡病患者治疗前后血清GM-CSF、IL-8和IL-6水平的变化及意义.方法 应用放射免疫法对36例消化性溃疡患者进行了血清GM-CSF、IL-8和IL-6水平测定,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果 消化性溃疡患者在治疗前血清GM-CSF、IC-8和IL-6水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),经中西医结合治疗3个月后则与正常人比较无显著性差异(P<0.01),结论 血清GM-CSF、IL-8和IL-6水平异常升高是消化性溃疡病发病的病理因素之一,有重要的临床价值.

  9. 幽门螺杆菌阳性与消化性溃疡患者IL-8、IL-10、IL-12及NF-κB表达的关系研究%Relation study between Helicobacter pylori and expression of IL-8,IL-10,IL-12 and NF-κB in patients with peptic ulcer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林海; 杜奕奇; 李淑德; 姜新华; 何小燕; 毛建生; 马莉莉; 陈永明; 何雪云

    2008-01-01

    目的 研究幽门螺杆茵(H.pylori)与消化性溃疡(PU)患者胃黏膜IL-8、IL-10、IL-12及NF-κB表达的关系.方法 采用荧光定量PCR法测定168例H.pylori阳性和46例H.pylori阴性的消化性溃疡患者以及30例正常对照者的胃黏膜IL-8、IL-10、IL-12及NF-κBmRNA含量,H.pylori阳性患者清除H.pylori后复查.应用免疫组化检测IL-8、IL-10、IL-12与NF-κB在胃黏膜组织的表达.结果 H.pylori阳性组胃黏膜IL-8、IL-12及NF-κBmRNA含量较H.pylori阴性组和正常对照组明显增高(P均=0.000);H.pylori阳性患者清除H.pylori后胃黏膜IL-8、IL-12及NF-κB mRNA含量降低(P均<0.05).免疫组化结果显示H.pylori阳性组较H.pylori阴性组以及正常对照组IL-8、IL-12、NF-κB表达明显增强(P均<0.05).结论 H.pylori感染可以诱导胃黏膜合成和释放IL-8、IL-12及NF-κB,它们是引起PU炎症以及进一步病理损害的重要因子.

  10. 铜绿假单胞菌通过MAPK信号传导通路诱导U937细胞表达IL-8%Roles of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways during Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced expression of IL-8 in U937 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴文戍; 王洪梅; 张书芹

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨铜绿假单胞菌(PA)活菌对不同分化状态的U937细胞表达IL-8的诱导作用及通过MAPK信号传导通路的调控机制.方法 应用人单核白血病细胞系-U937细胞,采用ELISA和RT-PCR法对PA诱导不同分化状态的U937细胞IL-8蛋白分泌和其mRNA表达进行研究,并观察MAPKs抑制剂PD98059和SB203580对IL-8表达的影响.结果 PA可促进U937细胞及PMA分化的U937细胞IL-8的mRNA及蛋白分泌,而且具有明显的量效和时效关系.分别用SB203580抑制p38MAPK通路、用PD98059抑制ERK通路,均能引起抑制剂浓度依赖的IL-8的表达(P<0.01).结论 PA以浓度和时间依赖的方式感染U937细胞,促进IL-8的分泌和mRNA表达,PA可能通过MAPK信号通路启动IL-8的高效表达和分泌.

  11. 白细胞介素-8基因多态性与疾病关系的研究进展%Research Progression of Relationship Between IL-8 Gene Polymorphism and some Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘梅; 贺飞燕

    2012-01-01

    白细胞介素-8(IL-8)是一种炎症细胞因子.近年来研究发现,IL-8不同基因型与胃癌、食管癌、乳腺癌、呼吸道合胞病毒感染、哮喘、阿尔茨海默病等疾病相关.本文就近年来国内外有关IL-8基因多态性与上述疾病的关系作一综述.%Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a kind of inflammatory cells factor. In recent years, IL-8 studies have found that different genotypes related with esophageal and gastric cancer, breast cancer, respiratory syncytial virus infection, Alzheimer's disease and so on. This paper reviewed recent years studies about IL-8 gene polymorphism and relationship of some diseases at home and abroad.

  12. CKbeta-8 [CCL23], a novel CC chemokine, is chemotactic for human osteoclast precursors and is expressed in bone tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Votta, B J; White, J R; Dodds, R A; James, I E; Connor, J R; Lee-Rykaczewski, E; Eichman, C F; Kumar, S; Lark, M W; Gowen, M

    2000-05-01

    We have previously demonstrated that a tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive subpopulation of mononuclear cells isolated from collagenase digests of human osteoclastoma tissue exhibits an osteoclast phenotype and can be induced to resorb bone. Using these osteoclast precursors as a model system, we have assessed the chemotactic potential of 16 chemokines. Three CC chemokines, the recently described CKbeta-8, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha elicited significant chemotactic responses. In contrast, 10 other CC chemokines (MIP-1beta, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4, HCC-1, eotaxin-2, PARC, SLC, ELC) and 3 CXC chemokines (IL-8, GROalpha, SDF-1) were inactive. None of these chemokines showed any chemotactic activity for either primary osteoblasts derived from human bone explants or the osteoblastic MG-63 cell line. The identity of the osteoclast receptor that mediates the chemotactic response remains to be established. However, all three active chemokines have been reported to bind to CCR1 and cross-desensitization studies demonstrate that RANTES and MIP-1alpha can partially inhibit the chemotactic response elicited by CKbeta-8. CKbeta-8, the most potent of the active CC chemokines (EC(max) 0.1-0.3 nM), was further characterized with regard to expression in human bone and cartilage. Although expression is not restricted to these tissues, CKbeta-8 mRNA was shown to be highly expressed in osteoblasts and chondrocytes in human fetal bone by in situ hybridization. In addition, CKbeta-8 protein was shown to be present in human osteophytic tissue by immunolocalization. These observations suggest that CKbeta-8, and perhaps other chemokines, may play a role in the recruitment of osteoclast precursors to sites of bone resorption.

  13. Serum IL-13, TGF-β1, IL-8 levels in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and correlation with lung function%特发性肺纤维化患者血清IL-13、TGF-β1、IL-8水平及与肺功能的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁宇; 蒋令修; 秦文婧; 单远莹; 孟德荣

    2015-01-01

    Objective To discuss serum IL-13, TGF-β1, IL-8 levels in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and correlation with lung function. Methods A total of 60 cases with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis were selected as pulmonary fibrosis group, and 60 healthy volunteers were selected as control group. Serum IL-13, TGF-β1, IL-8, arterial blood gas analy-sis and related indicators of lung function were detected. Results Serum IL-13, TGF-β1, IL-8 levels of idiopathic pul-monary fibrosis group were higher than the control group(P<0.01). TGF-β1, IL-8 were significantly negative correlation with FVC predicted percentage (P<0.01); TGF-β1, IL-13 were significantly negative correlation with FEV1 predicted percentage (P<0.01); TGF-β1 and PaO2 was significantly negative correlation, and TGF-β1, IL-8 were significantly positive correlation with P(A-a)O2 (P<0.01);IL-8 was significantly negative correlation with PaO2 and SaO2 (P<0.01). Conclusion Serum IL-13, TGF-β1, IL-8 levels in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis increase significantly, and are nega-tive correlation with lung function.%目的:探讨特发性肺纤维化患者血清IL-13、TGF-β1、IL-8水平。方法选择在我院治疗的肺纤维化患者60例为研究对象,另选择健康志愿者60例为对照组,检测两组患者血清IL-13、TGF-β1、IL-8水平,并测定动脉血气分析及肺功能相关指标。结果肺纤维化组血清IL-13、TGF-β1、IL-8水平显著高于对照组(P<0.01)。TGF-β1、IL-8与FVC占预计值的百分比呈显著负相关(P<0.01);TGF-β1、IL-13与FEV1占预计值的百分比呈显著负相关(P<0.01);TGF-β1与PaO2呈显著负相关,TGF-β1、IL-13与P(A-a)O2呈显著正相关(P<0.01);IL-8与PaO2、SaO2呈显著负相关(P<0.01)。结论特发性肺纤维化患者血清IL-13、TGF-β1、IL-8水平显著升高,并且与患者肺功能具有负相关关系。

  14. 女性老年骨质疏松症患者血清IL-8、CT和E2水平的变化及临床意义%Clinical significance of Changes of Serum Contents of IL-8, CT and E2 levels in elderly women with osteoporosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立超

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨了女性老年骨质疏松症患者血清I L-8、C T和E2水平的变化及临床意义。方法:应用放射免疫分析法对30例女性老年骨质疏松症患者进行了血清IL-8、CT和E2水平检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较。结果:女性老年骨折疏松症患者血清IL-8水平非常显著地高于正常人组(p<0.01),而血清CT、E2水平又非常显著地低于正常人组(p<0.01)。且血清IL-8水平与CT、E2水平呈显著的负相关(r=-0.4925.-0.5134.p<0.01)。结论:检测老年女性骨质疏松症患者血清IL-8、CT和E2水平为临床诊断和治疗提供了一个有价值的数据。%objective:To explore the clinical significance of changes of serum contents of IL-8, CT and E2 levels in elderly women with osteoporosis. Methods:serum IL-8, CT and E2 levels were determined with RIA in 30 elderly women osteoporosis and 35 controls. Results:The serum IL-8 levels were significantly higher, but levels of CT, E2 were significantly lower in the elderly women with osteoporosis than those in controls(p<0.01). There was significant negative correlation ship between the serum levels of IL-8 and serum levels of CT, E2 (r=-0.4925.-0.5134.p<0.01).Conclusions:The changes of IL-8 ,CT and E2 levels correctly reflected increases of bone absorption with less osteogenesis , which was characteristic in osteoporosis.

  15. The study of the relationship between Helicobacter pylori CagA and VacA genotype and IL-6, IL-8%幽门螺杆菌CagA和VacA基因型与IL-6、IL-8的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭皓; 戚艳丽; 张世同; 李慧; 金建军

    2016-01-01

    目的 观察幽门螺杆菌(Helicobacter pylori,H.pylori)的不同基因型与IL-6、IL-8之间的关系,了解H.pylori的致病机制.方法 采集91例经14C尿素呼气试验检测为H.pylori(+)患者血清,采用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)对CagA、VacA进行定性分析,对IL-6、IL-8进行定量分析.结果 CagA(+)与CagA(-)中所含IL-6、IL-8含量差异有统计学意义(=6.55、t=7.348,P<0.001);VacA(+)与VacA(-)中所含IL-6、IL-8含量差异有统计学意义(t=6.418、t=6.977,P<0.001);CagA、VacA均阳性中所含IL-6、IL-8的含量较CagA、VacA均阴性差异有统计学意义(=6.438、t=7.231,P<0.001);CagA阳性患者血清中IL-6与IL-8含量呈正相关(r=0.672,P<0.01),VacA阳性患者血清中IL-6与IL-8含量呈正相关(r=0.664,P<0.01).结论 CagA、VacA基因型与IL-6、IL-8之间有密切关系,IL-6、IL-8在H.pylori的致病机制中起重要作用,细胞因子在H.pylori感染诱导的炎症反应涉及多种细胞及多种细胞因子的相互作用.

  16. Effects of Fluid Shear Stress on IL-8 mRNA Expression in EA.Hy926 Cells%流体剪切应力对EA.Hy926细胞IL-8基因表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张怡; 李艳; 涂秋芬; 陈槐卿

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨流体剪切应力作用下,人内皮细胞株EA.Hy926细胞白细胞介素-8(interleukin-8,IL-8)基因的表达规律.方法 观察体外培养的人内皮细胞株EA.Hy926细胞的生长形态,检测EA.Hy926细胞Ⅷ因子相关抗原以及Weibel-Palade小体的表达情况,并以低剪切应力(0.420 Pa)作用于人内皮细胞株EA.Hy926细胞,定量RT-PCR检测IL-8 mRNA的表达情况.结果 EA.Hy926细胞在体外生长特性类似于人脐静脉内皮细胞,并表达内皮细胞特征性的Ⅷ因子相关抗原以及Weibel-Palade小体,与未受剪切应力对照组相比,1 h时 IL-8 mRNA表达量明显增加,2 h时IL-8 mRNA表达量至峰值,3 h后随着剪切应力作用时间的延长,IL-8 mRNA表达量逐渐下降.直至实验结束(12 h),IL-8 mRNA表达量仍高于未受应力对照组.不同流体剪切应力水平(0.182、0.420、1.000、1.640 Pa)作用人内皮细胞株EA.Hy926细胞2 h后,IL-8 mRNA 的表达与剪切应力作用强度呈反变关系.结论 流体剪切应力可以诱导人内皮细胞株EA.Hy926细胞表达IL-8,并且这一表达规律与人脐静脉内皮细胞相似,EA.Hy926细胞可作为研究流体剪切应力影响内皮细胞IL-8表达研究的细胞源.

  17. 妊高征肾病患者血清TGF-β1、IL-8和VEGF检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Determination of Changes of Serum TGF-β1, IL-8 and VEGF Levels in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Complicated with Nephropathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明; 吴玲; 陈海霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the significance of changes of serum TGF-β1, IL-8 and VEGF levels in patients with hyper tensive disorder complicating pregnancy. Methods Serum IL-8 ( with RiA ), serum TGF-β1, VEGF ( with ELISA ) levels were measured in 33 patients with pregnancy induced hypertension complicated with nephropathy, as well as in 35 healthy controls. Results The serum TGF-β1, IL-8 and VEGF levels in patients were significantly higher than those in controls ( P <0.01 ). Serum TGF-β1 levels were positively correlated to IL-8 ( r = 0. 6132, 0. 5834, P < 0.01 ). Conclusion VEGF levels were closely related with the diseases process of PIH. Determination of their changes might be useful for clinical diagnosis and predicting therapeutic effects in patients with PIH.%目的:探讨了妊高征肾病患者血清TGF-β1、IL-8和VEGF水平的变化及临床意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析和酶联法对33例妊高征肾病患者进行了血清TGF-β1、IL-8和VEGF测定,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:妊高征肾病患者血清TGF-β1、IL-8和VEGF水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),且血清TGF-β1水平与IL-8和VEGF水平呈正相关(r=0.6132、0.5834,P<0.01).结论:检测妊高征患者血清TGF-β1、IL-8和VEGF水平的变化对患者的病情的判断、临床治疗效果均有重要的临床价值.

  18. Expressions of IL-6 and IL-8 in normal gastric tissue, gastric ulcer and gastric cancer%IL-6和IL-8在正常胃组织、胃溃疡及胃癌组织中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志威; 朴大勋; 姜涛; 张哲男; 王剑冰; 荆琼优

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨白细胞介素(IL)-6和IL-8在正常胃组织、胃溃疡及胃癌组织中的表达情况.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)测定正常对照组(33例)、胃溃疡患者(30例)和准备手术的胃癌患者(52例)血浆中IL-6和IL-8的表达水平,并随访胃癌患者术后1周的IL-6、IL-8表达水平;免疫组织化学法检测胃癌周围正常组织(45例)、胃溃疡组织(35例)和胃癌组织(45例)标本中IL-6和IL-8的表达.结果 胃癌患者(术前和术后)血浆中IL-6、IL-8的表达明显高于胃溃疡和正常对照组(均P<0.0l),胃癌患者术后IL-6和IL-8水平较术前明显降低(P<0.01).癌周正常组织、胃溃疡和胃癌组织中IL-6和IL-8蛋白阳性表达率依次上升,且差异有统计学意义(x2=38.87,P<0.01;x2=42.23,P<0.01).结论 IL-6和IL-8在胃癌患者血浆和胃癌组织中均表达上调,检测患者血浆和病理组织中的IL-6、IL-8水平有助于判断病情和评估预后.

  19. Messenger RNA expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in allergen-induced late-phase cutaneous reactions (LPR) in Schneiderian membrane subjects%白细胞介素6(IL-6)和IL-8mRNA在变应原诱导的鼻粘膜晚期反应标本的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕俊华; 宇丽; 孙英

    2001-01-01

    目的:测定IL-6和IL-8变应原诱导的鼻粘膜晚期反应标本中mRNA的表达。方法:采用原位杂交技术,测定变应原诱导的10例变态反应性鼻炎病人的鼻粘膜标本表达IL-6和IL-8mRNA阳性细胞数。结果:在10例标本中,2种细胞因子的阳性表达率分别为9/10和10/10。与对照相比,变应原诱导的鼻粘膜标本表达IL-6和IL-8mRNA阳性细胞数明显增加(P<0.05和P<0.01)。结论:IL-6和IL-8mRNA表达增加可作为变态反应性鼻炎晚期的标志。%Objective:To detect mRNA expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in allergen-induced late-phase cutaneous reactions in schneiderian membrane subjects. Methods:Cryostat sections from rhinitis biopsies from 24 h allergen-induced late-phase cutaneous reactions (LPR) in 10human atopic subjects were hybridization with 35S-labeled RNA probes for IL-6 and IL-8.Results:mRNA was detected for IL-6 (9/10) and IL8 (10/10).Compared with the control, there were significant increases in the numbers of ce11 expreasing mRNA expression for IL-6 and IL-8(P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion: The augmentation of mRNA expression of IL-6 and IL-8 maybe regarded as the mark of rhinits in IL PR.

  20. Clinical Significance of Measurement of Serum hs-CRP,IL-8 and IL-10 Levels in Patients with Periodontitis%牙周病患者血清hs-CRP、IL-8和IL-10检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the significance of changes on serum hs-CRP,IL-8 and IL-10 levels in patients with periodonti-tis. MethOtS Serum hs-CRP(with immuno-turbidimetry) ,IL-8 (with RIA) ,IL-10 (with ELISA) levels were measured in 32 patients with periodontitis both before and after treatment as well as in 35 normal controls. Results Before treatment serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-8 and IL-10 were extremely higher in the patients than those in controls (P<0.01). After one month of treatment, the serum hs-CRP,IL-8 and IL-10 levels decreased but still significantly higher than those in controls (P <0.05 ) Conclusion Determination of Changes of serum hs-CRP,IL-8 and IL-10 levels has definite value to study pathogenesis, prevention and guide the therapeutic effect in patients with periodontitis.%目的:探讨牙周病患者血清hs-CRP、IL-8和IL-10水平的变化及临床意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析、酶联法和免疫比浊法对32例牙周病患者进行了血清hs-CRP、IL-8和IL-10检测,并与35名正常人作比较.结果:牙周病患者在治疗前血清hs-CRP、IL-8和IL-10水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),经治疗1个月后与正常人组比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:检测血清hs-CRP、IL-8和IL-10水平的变化,对探讨牙周病发病机制、预防和指导治疗均有一定的临床价值.

  1. Clinical Significance of Determination of Changes of Serum TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 Levels After Treatment in Patients with Chronic Prostatitis%慢性前列腺炎患者治疗前后血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟晓波

    2008-01-01

    目的:探讨了慢性前列腺炎患者治疗前后血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8水平的变化及意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析对42例慢性前列腺炎患者进行了血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:慢性前列腺炎患者在治疗前血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),经综合治疗后2周,除TNF-α水平与正常人比较无差异外,血清IL-6和IL-8水平与正常人比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8可能以不同的方式参与了慢性前列腺炎的发病,其检测对了解病情、指导治疗具有重要的临床价值.

  2. Clinical Significance of Measurement the Changes on Serum IL-2, IL-8, IL-18 and VEGF Levels After Treatment in Patients with Acute Cerebral Infarction%ACI患者治疗前后血清IL-2、IL-8、IL-18和VEGF检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春雷; 章红梅

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨了急性脑梗死(ACI)患者治疗前后血清IL-2、IL-8、IL-18和VEGF水平的变化及临床意义.方法:应用放射免疫分析、酶联法对33例ACI患者进行了治疗前后血清IL-2、IL-8、IL-18和VEGF检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:ACI患者在治疗前血清IL-8、IL-18和VEGF水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),而血清IL-2水平又非常显著地低于正常人组(P<0.01),经治疗3个月后与正常人组比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).且血清IL-2水平与IL-8、IL-18和VEGF水平呈显著负相关(r=-0.4218、-0.4726、-0.5014,P<0.01).结论:ACI的发生、发展与血清IL-2、IL-8、IL-18和VEGF水平密切相关.

  3. Clinical significance of detection of serum interleukin(IL-6),tumr necrosis factor and urine IL-6 and IL-8 levels in patients with hepatocirrhosis%肝硬化患者血清IL-6、TNF和尿液IL-6、IL-8检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彦

    2001-01-01

    目的探讨细胞因子在肝硬化发病中的作用.方法采用双抗体夹心Elisa法对54例肝硬化患者和35例正常人血清白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、肿瘤坏死因子(TNF)和尿液IL-6、IL-8进行检测.结果肝硬化患者血清中IL-6、TNF和尿液IL-6、IL-8含量较对照组明显升高(P<0.01),血IL-6、TNF含量GN与尿液量白蛋白呈高度正相关:尿液IL-6、IL-8呈显著正相关(r=0.5728,P<0.05).结论肝硬化患者病程中TNF、IL-6、IL-8均处于高活性状态,IL-6与体液免疫反应亢进所致的免疫病理损伤有关,IL-6、IL-8、TNF参与肾脏的免疫损伤、可作为判定患者预后和转归指标.

  4. COPD患者治疗前后血清hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Determination of Serum hs-CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 Levels After Treatment in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉

    2007-01-01

    目的:探讨慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者治疗前后血清hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8水平的变化及意义.方法:应用放免法和免疫比浊法对46例COPD患者进行治疗前后血清hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:COPD患者在治疗前血清hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),综合治疗后2周,除hs-CRP水平与正常人比较无差异外,TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8水平与正常人组比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:hs-CRP、TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8可能以不同的方式参与了COPD的发病,其水平的检测对于了解病情、指导治疗具有重要的临床价值.

  5. Expression levels of induced sputum IL-8 and IL-10 and drug intervention effects in patients with acute exacerbated COPD complicated with chronic cor pulmonale at high altitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Enzhi; Wan, Ronghua; Yang, Shengyue; Yan, Ziqiang; Wang, Shaolin; He, Wei; Zhang, Ying; Yin, He; Chen, Zongru; Liu, Ruinian

    2013-09-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the expression levels of induced sputum interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-10 levels in patients with acute exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) complicated with chronic cor pulmonale (CCP) at high altitude, and to evaluate the intervention effects of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and a β2-adrenoceptor agonist in this disease. A total of 186 patients with AECOPD complicated with CCP were randomly divided into three groups, with 62 cases in each. With regard to the two treatment groups, group A was treated with salmeterol/fluticasone (50 μg/250 μg, respectively) by airway inhalation twice daily, while group B received budesonide (1 mg) as a spray inhalation, twice daily. The routine treatment group (group C) received only routine treatment. The levels of IL-8 and IL-10 in the induced sputum and the predicted percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%pred), partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood (PaCO2) were examined on admission and at a stable stage two weeks following treatment. Forty healthy volunteers served as a control group (group D). Compared with group D values, the IL-8 induced sputum level and the PaCO2 were significantly increased, while the level of IL-10, FEV1%pred and the PaO2 were markedly decreased in the three COPD groups prior to treatment. Following treatment, the induced sputum IL-8 level and the PaCO2 were significantly decreased, while the induced sputum IL-10 level, FEV1%pred and the PaO2 were markedly increased in the three treatment groups compared with the values pre-therapy (all P<0.01). The post-treatment parameters were significantly different among the three groups (P<0.01). The results indicate that IL-8 and IL-10 are involved in the airway inflammation of AECOPD complicated by CCP. Treatment with an ICS was demonstrated to be a successful method of reducing the local expression of IL-8 and

  6. The Maternal Cytokine and Chemokine Profile of Naturally Conceived Gestations Is Mainly Preserved during In Vitro Fertilization and Egg Donation Pregnancies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Martínez-Varea

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This prospective longitudinal study aimed at comparing maternal immune response among naturally conceived (NC; n=25, in vitro fertilization (IVF; n=25, and egg donation (ED; n=25 pregnancies. The main outcome measures were, firstly, to follow up plasma levels of interleukin (IL 1beta, IL2, IL4, IL5, IL6, IL8, IL10, IL17, interferon gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα, transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ, regulated upon activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES, stromal cell-derived factor 1 alpha (SDF1α, and decidual granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF during the three trimesters of pregnancy during the three trimesters of pregnancy; secondly, to evaluate if the cytokine and chemokine pattern of ED pregnant women differs from that of those with autologous oocytes and, thirdly, to assess if women with preeclampsia show different cytokine and chemokine profile throughout pregnancy versus women with uneventful pregnancies. Pregnant women in the three study groups displayed similar cytokine and chemokine pattern throughout pregnancy. The levels of all quantified cytokines and chemokines, except RANTES, TNFα, IL8, TGFβ, and SDF1α, rose in the second trimester compared with the first, and these higher values remained in the third trimester. ED pregnancies showed lower SDF1α levels in the third trimester compared with NC and IVF pregnancies. Patients who developed preeclampsia displayed higher SDF1α plasma levels in the third trimester.

  7. Viral leads for chemokine-modulatory drugs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindow, Morten; Lüttichau, Hans Rudolf; Schwartz, Thue W

    2003-01-01

    of years of experience in manipulating this system. For example, virally encoded "biopharmaceuticals"--chemokines and chemokine binding proteins--demonstrate the effectiveness of blocking a carefully selected group of chemokine receptors and how the local immune response can be changed from one dominated...... by Th1 cells to one dominated by Th2 cells by targeting specific chemokine receptors. The crucial importance of the binding of chemokines to glycosaminoglycans to produce their effects is also highlighted by viruses that produce binding proteins to disrupt the gradient of chemokines, which guides...

  8. The expression of lysophosphatidic acid, its receptors, and IL-6 and IL-8 in breast cancer%溶血磷脂酸及其受体和IL-6 IL-8在乳腺癌进展中的表达变化与意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂福平; 黄莉; 王祥财; 许明君; 王钇力; 衷敬华

    2013-01-01

    Objective:This work aimed to investigate the expression level of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and its receptors. The paper also discussed the interrelationship among the LPA, the receptors, and IL-6 and IL-8 in breast cancer tissues. Methods:The ex-pressions of the 3 hypo-types of LPA receptor in the breast cancer and paraneoplastic tissues were detected using semi-quantitative re-verse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The plasma levels of LPA, IL-6 and IL-8 were respectively detected in healthy subjects and in patients with benign breast tumor using the LPA biochemistry and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay kits. Results:The plas-ma LPA level was significantly higher in patients with breast cancer metastasis than in those with local breast cancer (P<0.01), benign breast tumor (P<0.01), and healthy volunteers (P<0.01). In addition, the IL-6 and IL-8 plasma levels were higher in the group with me-tastasis compared with the other three groups, too (P<0.01). LPA1 expression level was higher in breast cancer tissue than in benign breast tumor (P<0.05) and in normal breast tissue (P<0.05). There was a significantly positive correlation between the plasma LPA and the plasma IL-6 in patients with breast cancer (P<0.01), and between the plasma LPA and IL-8 (P<0.01). Conclusion:LPA expressions on the endogenous IL-6 and IL-8 in patients with breast cancer may have an up-regulation. Moreover, the detection of the LPA, IL-6, and IL-8 expression levels may have some predictable effects on metastatic breast cancer, especially bone metastases.%  目的:探讨溶血磷脂酸(lysophosphatidic acid,LPA)及其受体和IL-6与IL-8在乳腺癌进展中的表达及临床意义。方法:采用半定量RT-PCR方法检测乳腺肿瘤组织和瘤旁组织中LPA受体的表达水平。采用LPA生化测定法和酶联免疫吸附(ELISA)法分别检测乳腺肿瘤患者和健康妇女的血浆LPA、IL-6和IL-8水平。结果:术后复发转

  9. 热化疗治疗非小细胞肺癌对IL-2、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10及TNF的影响%Effect of thermochemotherapy on levels of IL-2 ,IL-6 ,IL-8 ,IL-10 and TNF in non-small cell lung cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新民; 尉继伟; 刘治邦; 刘建国

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨热化疗治疗非小细胞肺癌(NSCLC)对白细胞介素-2(IL-2)、白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、白细胞介素-8(IL-8)、白细胞介素-10(IL-10)及肿瘤坏死因子(TNF)的影响.方法 回顾性分析大同大学附属医院2004年10月至2013年1月收治的134例NSCLC患者,进行热疗联合NP方案化疗(NVB+ DDP),并分别在治疗前、治疗3个周期后、治疗6个周期后、治疗结束后3个月对患者血清中IL-2、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10及TNF的变化进行监测.结果 热化疗3个周期后,IL-2、TNF水平逐渐增高,明显高于治疗前;IL-6、IL-8和IL-10水平明显低于化疗前.热化疗6个周期后,血IL-6、IL-8、IL-10、IL-2和TNF都有所下降,其中IL-2、TNF浓度显著低于化疗3个周期后的水平.热化疗结束后3个月,血IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平继续下降;而IL-2、TNF浓度逐渐增高,低于化疗3个周期后的水平,但高于治疗前水平.结论 热化疗治疗NSCLC对IL-2、TNF水平有明显的增高作用,而对IL-6、IL-8、IL-10有降低作用.%Objective To investigate the effect of hot therapy on interleukin-2 (IL-2),interleukin-6 (IL-6),interlerukin-8 (IL-8),interleukin-10 (IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in nonsmall cell lung cancer(NSCLC).Methods One hundred and thirty-four patients with NSCLC,admitted to our hospital from October 2004 to January 2013,received hot therapy and vinorelbine plus cisplatin (NP) chemotherapy.The IL-6,IL-8,IL-10 and TNF level before therapy,after 3 cycles,after 6 cycles and 3 months after chemotherapy were observed.Results IL-2 and TNF levels increased gradually after 3 cycles of hot therapy,and were significant higher than those before therapy.Compared to before therapy,IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 levels significantly decreased.IL-6,IL-8,IL-10,IL-2 and TNF levels all decreased at 6 months after hot therapy.IL-2 and TNF levels were significant lowered than those of 3 cycles after chemotherapy.IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 continued to decrease 3 months after the end of

  10. [Influence of genetic mutations on clinical presentation of subretinal neovascularization. Report 1: The impact of CFH and IL-8 genes polymorphism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budzinskaia, M V; Pogoda, T V; Generozov, É V; Chikun, E A; Shchegoleva, I V; Kazarian, É É; Galoian, N S

    2011-01-01

    Genetic analysis was performed in patients with subretinal neovascularization (CNV). The results showed significant association of CFH (compliment factor H) gene polymorphism with increase (rs1061170, rs514943 and rs380390) or decrease (rs529825, rs7524776, rs1831281, rs2274700, rs1576340, rs12144939, rs7540032) of CNV development risk. The incidence of IL-8 gene mutation was significantly (p = 0.008) higher in patients after chorioretinitis. Apparently -125 > A polymorphism in patients with chorioretinitis increases risk of CNV development, thus promoting raise of proangiogenic factors concentration in eyes with inflammatory background. The clinical presentation in patients with AMD and myopic disease associated with (-125) A mutation of promoter region of IL-8 gene was similar to that of patients with chorioretinitis. The features are the following: focal pattern, no drusen and RPE detachment, predominantly classic form of CNV (without occult pattern), formation of well-organized newly developed vessels.

  11. Serum TNF-α, sTNFR1, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 levels in hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyriakidis, Ioannis; Papa, Anna

    2013-07-01

    It is generally accepted that the pathogenesis of hantavirus infections is the result of virus-mediated host immune response. Hantaviruses, and mainly Dobrava-Belgrade virus, are present in Greece, and cause to humans hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Serum IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and sTNFR1 levels were measured in 29 HFRS Greek patients. Significant higher sTNFR1, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 levels were observed in severe than in mild/moderate cases, while TNF-α did not seem to be associated with disease severity. Correlations between cytokine levels and their fluctuation over time after onset of the illness, along with comparisons from previously published data on the field, led in building an immune response pattern for HFRS.

  12. 隐性乳房炎奶牛IL-8受体与乳铁蛋白基因的PCR-SSCP分析%Analysis on the Il-8 Receptor and Lacto ferrin Genes in Subclinical Mastitics-dairy Cows by PCR-SSCP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何高明; 张素华; 赵宗胜; 李大全

    2011-01-01

    本研究旨在探讨IL-8受体基因、乳铁蛋白基因多态性与奶牛乳房炎的相互关系.试验采用PCR-SSCP技术分别对80头健康奶牛和隐性乳房炎奶牛的IL-8受体基因和乳铁蛋白基因进行了多态性检测,并分析了它们与奶牛乳汁中体细胞数的关系.PCR-SSCP分析结果表明,IL-8受体CXCR1基因SSCP-5、SSCP-7在健康奶牛个体中出现程度较高,说明其个体对隐性乳房炎表现抗性;在乳铁蛋白基因5'调控区的不同基因型中,AB基因型个体对奶牛隐性乳房炎表现抗性.%The aim of this study was to detect the relationships between the genotypes of IL-8R and Lactoferrin genes and subclinical mastitics. The genotypes of IL-8R and Lactoferrin genes of 80 healthy and 80 subclinical mastitics-dairy cows were detected by using PCR-SSCP technique, and the relationships with the number of somatic cells in the milk were analysed. The results showed that the frequencies of genotype SSCP-5 and SSCP-7 of IL-8R CXCR1 were high in the healthy dairy cows and indicated that individuals with genotype AB performed resistance to subclinical-mastitics.

  13. 血清CA15-3、IL-8水平与乳腺癌骨转移关系的探讨%Study on the Relationship Between Serum CA15 -3, IL-8, Levels and Bone Metastasis in Patients with Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭维琴; 杨士军; 鲍艳梅

    2007-01-01

    目的:为探讨乳腺癌患者血清CA15-3、IL-8水平与骨转移的关系.方法:对83例乳腺癌手术后患者分别检测血清CA15-3、白介素8(IL-8)和行99mTc-MDP全身骨显像,进行对比分析.结果:乳腺癌无骨转移组血清CA15-3、IL-8水平与正常对照组比较无明显差异(P>0.05);乳腺癌伴骨转移组患者血清CA15-3、IL-8水平明显升高,与乳腺癌无骨转移组及对照组比较均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:CA15-3对于预测乳腺癌骨转移、筛选行全身骨显像病人和降低骨显像的误诊具有重要意义;IL-8参与乳腺癌骨转移的发生和发展过程,检测IL-8等细胞因子水平对于乳腺癌骨转移的病理研究和预防、治疗可能具有重要价值.

  14. 乳腺癌患者手术前后血清IL-6、IL-8和VEGF-A水平变化及临床意义%Clinical significance of level changes of serum IL-6, IL-8 and VEGF-A in patients with breast cancer before and after operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈坤; 王晓刚; 李狄航; 孔勇

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨乳腺癌患者手术前后血清白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、IL-8和血管内皮生长因子-A (VEGF-A)水平变化及其临床意义.方法 42例乳腺癌患者根据不同临床分期采取改良根治术或保乳术治疗,分别检测健康体检者和乳腺癌患者手术前3d、术后7d血清IL-6、IL-8和VEGF-A水平.结果 乳腺癌患者术前血清IL-6、IL-8和VEGF-A水平均高于对照组(P<0.01),术后各期乳腺患者血清IL-6、IL-8和VEGF-A水平均显著下降(P< 0.05或P<0.01).不同分期乳腺癌患者组间比较,血清IL-6、IL-8和vEGF-A水平差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 乳腺癌患者体内IL-6、IL-8和VEGF-A水平存在高表达,且在一定程度上影响疾病发展,及时检测并诊断该类因子水平有助于了解乳腺癌患者疾病发展和预后.

  15. Application value of serum TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in children mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia%血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10在儿童肺炎支原体肺炎中的应用价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦; 郭瑞雪; 王金虎

    2015-01-01

    目的:对血清肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、白细胞介素-8(IL-8)和白细胞介素-10(IL-10)浓度在儿童肺炎支原体肺炎(MPP)中的应用价值进行探讨。方法90例肺炎支原体肺炎患儿作为肺炎组,其中轻症组50例,重症组40例;100例健康体检儿童作为对照组,对比肺炎组与对照组血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8和IL-10指标及轻症组与重症组血清中的各因子浓度。结果对照组与肺炎组治疗前血清中TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8和IL-10浓度差异具有统计学意义(P0.05), TNF-α、IL-6及IL-8浓度均显著低于重症组,差异具有统计学意义(P0.05). They had much lower TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8 than the severe group, and their differences had statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusion Serum TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 have certain correlation with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, and they are closely correlated with MPP degree. They can be used as evaluation indexes for clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

  16. Baicalin downregulates Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide-upregulated IL-6 and IL-8 expression in human oral keratinocytes by negative regulation of TLR signaling.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Luo

    Full Text Available Periodontal (gum disease is one of the main global oral health burdens and severe periodontal disease (periodontitis is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults globally. It also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS is a key virulent attribute that significantly contributes to periodontal pathogenesis. Baicalin is a flavonoid from Scutellaria radix, an herb commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating inflammatory diseases. The present study examined the modulatory effect of baicalin on P. gingivalis LPS-induced expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in human oral keratinocytes (HOKs. Cells were pre-treated with baicalin (0-80 µM for 24 h, and subsequently treated with P. gingivalis LPS at 10 µg/ml with or without baicalin for 3 h. IL-6 and IL-8 transcripts and proteins were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. The expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK proteins was analyzed by western blot. A panel of genes related to toll-like receptor (TLR signaling was examined by PCR array. We found that baicalin significantly downregulated P. gingivalis LPS-stimulated expression of IL-6 and IL-8, and inhibited P. gingivalis LPS-activated NF-κB, p38 MAPK and JNK. Furthermore, baicalin markedly downregulated P. gingivalis LPS-induced expression of genes associated with TLR signaling. In conclusion, the present study shows that baicalin may significantly downregulate P. gingivalis LPS-upregulated expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in HOKs via negative regulation of TLR signaling.

  17. The P2Y6 receptor mediates Clostridium difficile toxin-induced CXCL8/IL-8 production and intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashleigh Hansen

    Full Text Available C. difficile is a Gram-positive spore-forming anaerobic bacterium that is the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea in the developed world. The pathogenesis of C. difficile infections (CDI is driven by toxin A (TcdA and toxin B (TcdB, secreted factors that trigger the release of inflammatory mediators and contribute to disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier. Neutrophils play a key role in the inflammatory response and the induction of pseudomembranous colitis in CDI. TcdA and TcdB alter cytoskeletal signaling and trigger the release of CXCL8/IL-8, a potent neutrophil chemoattractant, from intestinal epithelial cells; however, little is known about the surface receptor(s that mediate these events. In the current study, we sought to assess whether toxin-induced CXCL8/IL-8 release and barrier dysfunction are driven by the activation of the P2Y6 receptor following the release of UDP, a danger signal, from intoxicated Caco-2 cells. Caco-2 cells express a functional P2Y6 receptor and release measurable amounts of UDP upon exposure to TcdA/B. Toxin-induced CXCL8/IL-8 production and release were attenuated in the presence of a selective P2Y6 inhibitor (MRS2578. This was associated with inhibition of TcdA/B-induced activation of NFκB. Blockade of the P2Y6 receptor also attenuated toxin-induced barrier dysfunction in polarized Caco-2 cells. Lastly, pretreating mice with the P2Y6 receptor antagonists (MSR2578 attenuated TcdA/B-induced inflammation and intestinal permeability in an intrarectal toxin exposure model. Taken together these data outline a novel role for the P2Y6 receptor in the induction of CXCL8/IL-8 production and barrier dysfunction in response to C. difficile toxin exposure and may provide a new therapeutic target for the treatment of CDI.

  18. DETECTION OF IMMUNOGLOBULINS, ANTIBODIES TO HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS AND IL-8 CYTOKINE IN SALIVA FROM THE PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PERIODONTAL DISEASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Tsybikov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available  Examination of the patients with chronic generalized periodontitis revealed a sufficient increase in all immunoglobulin classes, i.e., IgG, IgM, IgA, sIgA, as well as increased IL-8 concentration in their salivary samples. Emergence of antibodies to heat-shock proteins suggests a pathogenetic role of chaperon-like proteins in development of periodontal diseases.

  19. An exploratory study of the effect of regular aquatic exercise on the function of neutrophils from women with fibromyalgia: role of IL-8 and noradrenaline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bote, M E; García, J J; Hinchado, M D; Ortega, E

    2014-07-01

    Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is associated with elevated systemic inflammatory and stress biomarkers, and an elevated innate cellular response mediated by monocytes and neutrophils. Exercise is accepted as a good non-pharmacological therapy for FM. We have previously found that regular aquatic exercise decreases the release of inflammatory cytokines by monocytes from FM patients. However, its effects on the functional capacity of neutrophils have not been studied. The aim of the present exploratory study was to evaluate, in 10 women diagnosed with FM, the effect of an aquatic exercise program (8months, 2sessions/week, 60min/session) on their neutrophils' function (phagocytic process), and on IL-8 and NA as potential inflammatory and stress mediators, respectively. A control group of 10 inactive FM patients was included in the study. After 4months of the exercise program, no significant changes were observed in neutrophil function (chemotaxis, phagocytosis, or fungicidal capacity) or in IL-8 and NA. However, at the end of the exercise program (8months), a neuro-immuno-endocrine adaptation was observed, manifested by a significant decrease to values below those in the basal state in neutrophil chemotaxis, IL-8, and NA. No significant seasonal changes in these parameters were observed during the same period in the group of non-exercised FM patients. After the 8months of the exercise program, the FM patients had lower concentrations of IL-8 and NA together with reduced chemotaxis of neutrophils compared with the values determined in the same month in the control group of non-exercised FM women. These results suggest that "anti-inflammatory" and "anti-stress" adaptations may be contributing to the symptomatic benefits that have been attributed to regular aquatic exercise in FM syndrome, as was corroborated in the present study by the scores on the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire.

  20. Effect of two kinds of porcelain crown on AST, ALP, TNF-α, IL-8, GP-x and MDA levels in gingival crevicular fluid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya-Ling Wang; Zhi Cao; Shi-Xia Zhan

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of two kinds of porcelain crown on AST, ALP, TNF-α, IL-8, GP-x and MDA levels in gingival crevicular fluid.Methods: A total of 80 patients with dental porcelain crowns at front teeth during February 2013 to February 2016 were randomly divided into cobalt-chromium alloy PFM group (n=40) and gold alloy PFM group (n=40). After 6 months, the amount of gingival crevicular fluid, GI, PD, AST, ALP, TNF-α, IL-8, GP-x and MDA levels in gingival crevicular fluid were recorded and analyzed.Results: There were no differences in amount of gingival crevicular fluid, GI and PD before treatment of the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the amount of gingival crevicular fluid, GI and PD of the two groups were significantly higher than before treatment (P0.05). After treatment, the AST, ALP, TNF-α, IL-8 and MDA levels in gingival crevicular fluid of the two groups were significantly higher than before treatment (P<0.05), but that of the gold alloy PFM group were significantly lower than cobalt-chromium alloy PFM group (P<0.05). After treatment, the GP-x level in gingival crevicular fluid of the two groups were significantly lower than before treatment (P<0.05), but that of the gold alloy PFM group were significantly higher than cobalt-chromium alloy PFM group (P<0.05).Conclusions:Gold alloy PFM can significantly reduce the AST, ALP, TNF-α, IL-8 and MDA levels in gingival crevicular fluid, improve the GP-x level in gingival crevicular fluid, shows better biocompatibility and clinical outcomes than cobalt-chromium alloy PFM.

  1. Piperine treatment suppresses Helicobacter pylori toxin entry in to gastric epithelium and minimizes β-catenin mediated oncogenesis and IL-8 secretion in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tharmalingam, Nagendran; Park, Min; Lee, Min Ho; Woo, Hyun Jun; Kim, Hyun Woo; Yang, Ji Yeong; Rhee, Ki-Jong; Kim, Jong-Bae

    2016-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori related gastric cancer initiation has been studied widely. The objective of our present study was to evaluate the effect of a single compound piperine on H. pylori infection and its anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects in vitro. Cytotoxicity was tested by Ez-cytox cell viability assay kit. Effects of piperine on H. pylori toxin gene expression and IL-8 expression in mammalian cells during infection were assessed by RT-PCR. Effects of piperine on toxin entry into host cells, E-cadherin cleavage by H. pylori, and the changes in H. pylori mediated β-catenin expression and IL-8 secretion were determined by immunoblotting. Piperine treatment restrained the entry of CagA and VacA into AGS cells. Piperine administration in H. pylori infection reduced E-cadherin cleavage in stomach epithelium. In addition, H. pylori induced β-catenin up-regulation was reduced. Piperine administration impaired IL-8 secretion in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. As we reported previously piperine restrained H. pylori motility. The possible reason behind the H. pylori inhibition mechanism of piperine could be the dwindled motility, which weakened H. pylori adhesion to gastric epithelial cells. The reduced adhesion decreased the toxin entry thereby secreting less amount of IL-8. In addition, piperine treatment suppressed H. pylori protease led to reduction of E-cadherin cleavage and β-catenin expression resulting in diminished β-catenin translocation into the nucleus thus decreasing the risk of oncogenesis. To our knowledge, this is the preliminary report of piperine mediated H. pylori infection control on gastric epithelial cells in-vitro.

  2. Vascular and inflammatory high fat meal responses in young healthy men; a discriminative role of IL-8 observed in a randomized trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diederik Esser

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: High fat meal challenges are known to induce postprandial low-grade inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. This assumption is largely based on studies performed in older populations or in populations with a progressed disease state and an appropriate control meal is often lacking. Young healthy individuals might be more resilient to such challenges. We therefore aimed to characterize the vascular and inflammatory response after a high fat meal in young healthy individuals. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized cross-over intervention study, we used a comprehensive phenotyping approach to determine the vascular and inflammatory response after consumption of a high fat shake and after an average breakfast shake in 20 young healthy subjects. Both interventions were performed three times. RESULTS: Many features of the vascular postprandial response, such as FMD, arterial stiffness and micro-vascular skin blood flow were not different between shakes. High fat/high energy shake consumption was associated with a more pronounced increase in blood pressure, heart rate, plasma concentrations of IL-8 and PBMCs gene expression of IL-8 and CD54 (ICAM-1, whereas plasma concentrations of sVCAM1 were decreased compared to an average breakfast. CONCLUSION: Whereas no difference in postprandial response were observed on classical markers of endothelial function, we did observe differences between consumption of a HF/HE and an average breakfast meal on blood pressure and IL-8 in young healthy volunteers. IL-8 might play an important role in dealing with high fat challenges and might be an early marker for endothelial stress, a stage preceding endothelial dysfunction.

  3. Chemokines and chemokine receptors in inflammation of the nervous system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huang, D; Han, Yong-Chang; Rani, M R

    2000-01-01

    This article focuses on the production of chemokines by resident glial cells of the nervous system. We describe studies in two distinct categories of inflammation within the nervous system: immune-mediated inflammation as seen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) or multiple sclerosis...

  4. Generation of IL-8 and IL-9 Producing CD4+ T Cells Is Affected by Th17 Polarizing Conditions and AHR Ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Gasch

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The T helper cell subsets Th1, Th2, Th17, and Treg play an important role in immune cell homeostasis, in host defense, and in immunological disorders. Recently, much attention has been paid to Th17 cells which seem to play an important role in the early phase of the adoptive immune response and autoimmune disease. When generating Th17 cells under in vitro conditions the amount of IL-17A producing cells hardly exceeds 20% while the nature of the remaining T cells is poorly characterized. As engagement of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR has also been postulated to modulate the differentiation of T helper cells into Th17 cells with regard to the IL-17A expression we ask how far do Th17 polarizing conditions in combination with ligand induced AHR activation have an effect on the production of other T helper cell cytokines. We found that a high proportion of T helper cells cultured under Th17 polarizing conditions are IL-8 and IL-9 single producing cells and that AHR activation results in an upregulation of IL-8 and a downregulation of IL-9 production. Thus, we have identified IL-8 and IL-9 producing T helper cells which are subject to regulation by the engagement of the AHR.

  5. Catechol Groups Enable Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging-Mediated Suppression of PKD-NFkappaB-IL-8 Signaling Pathway by Chlorogenic and Caffeic Acids in Human Intestinal Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hee Soon; Satsu, Hideo; Bae, Min-Jung; Totsuka, Mamoru; Shimizu, Makoto

    2017-02-20

    Chlorogenic acid (CHA) and caffeic acid (CA) are phenolic compounds found in coffee, which inhibit oxidative stress-induced interleukin (IL)-8 production in intestinal epithelial cells, thereby suppressing serious cellular injury and inflammatory intestinal diseases. Therefore, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of CHA and CA, both of which inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced IL-8 transcriptional activity. They also significantly suppressed nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) transcriptional activity, nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit, and phosphorylation of IκB kinase (IKK). Additionally, upstream of IKK, protein kinase D (PKD) was also suppressed. Finally, we found that they scavenged H₂O₂-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the functional moiety responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of CHA and CA was the catechol group. Therefore, we conclude that the presence of catechol groups in CHA and CA allows scavenging of intracellular ROS, thereby inhibiting H₂O₂-induced IL-8 production via suppression of PKD-NF-κB signaling in human intestinal epithelial cells.

  6. Catechol Groups Enable Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging-Mediated Suppression of PKD-NFkappaB-IL-8 Signaling Pathway by Chlorogenic and Caffeic Acids in Human Intestinal Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Soon Shin

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Chlorogenic acid (CHA and caffeic acid (CA are phenolic compounds found in coffee, which inhibit oxidative stress-induced interleukin (IL-8 production in intestinal epithelial cells, thereby suppressing serious cellular injury and inflammatory intestinal diseases. Therefore, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of CHA and CA, both of which inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H2O2-induced IL-8 transcriptional activity. They also significantly suppressed nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB transcriptional activity, nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit, and phosphorylation of IκB kinase (IKK. Additionally, upstream of IKK, protein kinase D (PKD was also suppressed. Finally, we found that they scavenged H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS and the functional moiety responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of CHA and CA was the catechol group. Therefore, we conclude that the presence of catechol groups in CHA and CA allows scavenging of intracellular ROS, thereby inhibiting H2O2-induced IL-8 production via suppression of PKD-NF-κB signaling in human intestinal epithelial cells.

  7. The Effect of 8 Weeks Endurance Training on Serum Levels of IL-10 and IL-8, and White Blood Cell Count in Women with Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolreza Kazemi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: The regular exercise training is known as a preventive and adjuvant therapy in inflammatory diseases such as cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the aerobic training on IL-10 and IL-8 levels and the count of white blood cells (WBC in women with breast cancer. Material & Methods: The statistical society of the present study included Kerman women with breast cancer. Forty patients with breast cancer were randomly divided into two groups: exercise (n = 20 and control (n = 20. The exercise group performed the endurance training for 8 weeks with the intensity between 40 to 55 percent of the target heart rate. Twenty four hours before the first session and 48 hours after the last session of the exercise protocol, blood samples were taken from both groups and then IL-10 and IL-8 levels in serum were measured by ELISA via a Boster kit. Results: The results of the present study showed that 8 weeks of the endurance exercise training did not significantly increase the IL-10 (P=0.113 serum level, but increased the WBC count (p=0.019 and decreased the serum level of IL-8 (p=0.03 significantly. Conclusion: According to the results of the present study, regular endurance training via decreasing the inflammatory factors can be considered as an effective factor along with other therapies in improving breast cancer.

  8. Catechol Groups Enable Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging-Mediated Suppression of PKD-NFkappaB-IL-8 Signaling Pathway by Chlorogenic and Caffeic Acids in Human Intestinal Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hee Soon; Satsu, Hideo; Bae, Min-Jung; Totsuka, Mamoru; Shimizu, Makoto

    2017-01-01

    Chlorogenic acid (CHA) and caffeic acid (CA) are phenolic compounds found in coffee, which inhibit oxidative stress-induced interleukin (IL)-8 production in intestinal epithelial cells, thereby suppressing serious cellular injury and inflammatory intestinal diseases. Therefore, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of CHA and CA, both of which inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced IL-8 transcriptional activity. They also significantly suppressed nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) transcriptional activity, nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit, and phosphorylation of IκB kinase (IKK). Additionally, upstream of IKK, protein kinase D (PKD) was also suppressed. Finally, we found that they scavenged H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the functional moiety responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of CHA and CA was the catechol group. Therefore, we conclude that the presence of catechol groups in CHA and CA allows scavenging of intracellular ROS, thereby inhibiting H2O2-induced IL-8 production via suppression of PKD-NF-κB signaling in human intestinal epithelial cells. PMID:28230729

  9. Effects of hydrogen peroxide on MAPK activation, IL-8 production and cell viability in primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelaia, Girolamo; Cuda, Giovanni; Vatrella, Alessandro; Gallelli, Luca; Fratto, Donatella; Gioffrè, Vincenza; D'Agostino, Bruno; Caputi, Mario; Maselli, Rosario; Rossi, Francesco; Costanzo, Francesco S; Marsico, Serafino A

    2004-09-01

    The airway epithelium is continuously exposed to inhaled oxidants, including airborne pollutants and cigarette smoke, which can exert harmful proinflammatory and cytotoxic effects. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate, in primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEC), the signal transduction pathways activated by increasing concentrations (0.25, 0.5, and 1 mM) of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), as well as their effects on IL-8 production and cell viability. The reported results show that H(2)O(2) elicited, in a concentration-dependent fashion, a remarkable increase in phosphorylation-dependent activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), associated with a significant induction of IL-8 synthesis and a dramatically enhanced cell death. Pre-treatment of HBEC with MAPK inhibitors was able to significantly inhibit the effects of H(2)O(2) on IL-8 secretion, and to effectively prevent cell death. Therefore, these findings suggest that MAPKs play a key role as molecular transducers of the airway epithelial injury triggered by oxidative stress, as well as potential pharmacologic targets for indirect antioxidant intervention.

  10. Monitoring of TNFR1, IL-2Rα, HGF, CCL8, IL-8 and IL-12p70 following HSCT and their role as GVHD biomarkers in paediatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, M; Signorino, E; Muraro, M; Quarello, P; Biasin, E; Nesi, F; Vassallo, E; Fagioli, F

    2013-09-01

    No predictive factors are currently available to establish patient-specific GVHD risk. A panel of six serum cytokines (TNF receptor 1, IL-2 receptor alfa (IL-2Rα), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), monocyte chemo-attractant protein-2, IL-8, IL-12p70) were monitored at established time points (days -1, +1, +7, +14, +21, +28 and +60) in 170 paediatric hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) recipients. We found that higher concentrations of IL-2Rα on days +14 and +21 together with HGF on days +14 and +21 were significantly associated at a higher probability of both grade II-IV GVHD (on day +14 it was: 60% vs 28%, P=0.007) and grade III-IV (on day +14 it was: 40% vs 15%, P=0.001). The higher IL-8 serum concentration on day +28 was associated with a lower probability of chronic GVHD being 4% vs 29% (P=0.01) for patients with higher vs lower IL-8 serum concentration. These findings were confirmed when the analysis was restricted to the the matched unrelated donor group. In conclusion, even if the serum cytokine levels were related to several variables associated with HSCT, we identified two cytokines as predictors of GVHD II-IV and III-IV, translating into a higher TRM risk (17% vs 3%, P=0.004).

  11. Influence of Radix Isatidis on the Endotoxin-induced Release of TNF-α and IL-8 from HL-60 Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The effects of active antiendotoxin chemical fraction isolated from Radix Isatidis (fraction D) on TNF-α and IL-8 secretion in HL-60 cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were studied. The appropriate densities of cell suspension and fraction D solution were determined by MTT colorimetric method. Fraction D and LPS were added to HL-60 cell suspension with three different methods respectively. The contents of TNF-α and IL-8 in the cultured supernatant induced by LPS were detected by using ELISA method. The results showed that the absorbance (A) was directly proportional to the number of cells and the linearity was good in the range from 0.25 × 105 to 2 ×105 cell/mL cell suspension. The fraction D significantly inhibited the oversecretion of TNF-α and IL-8 in HL-60 cells induced by LPS at the concentration of 7. 812 mg/mL which had no cytotoxicity. It was indicated that the antiendotoxin mechanism of the active fraction from Radix Isatidis was contributed to the inhibition of the oversecretion of cytokines induced by LPS.

  12. The expression of IL-8,TNF-α, IgE and peripheral blood EOS level in children with asthma%血清 IL-8、IgE、TNF-α和外周血 EOS 水平在儿童哮喘中的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾静; 靳蓉; 陈敏; 邱杰

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察哮喘患儿血清白介素-8(IL-8)、免疫球蛋白E(IgE)、肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)和外周血嗜酸性粒细胞( EOS)水平的变化,并探讨其临床意义。方法对2013年8月—2014年8月收治的52例儿童哮喘患者(哮喘组)的血清IL-8、IgE、TNF-α和外周血EOS水平进行检测,同时选择52例健康儿童(健康对照组)进行同期检测,比较哮喘组患儿治疗前、治疗3个月后及与健康对照组血清IL-8、IgE、TNF-α水平及外周血EOS计数,并分析不同病理阶段、不同病程血清IL-8、IgE、TNF-α水平和外周血EOS计数差异。结果哮喘组治疗前血清IL-8、IgE、TNF-α水平和外周血EOS计数均明显高于健康对照组,差异有统计学意义( t =3.027、2.896、2.273、2.196, P <0.05);哮喘组治疗后血清IL-8、IgE、TNF-α水平和外周血EOS计数均明显低于治疗前,差异有统计学意义( t =2.992、2.735、2.254、2.201, P <0.05);哮喘发作组的IL-8、IgE、TNF-α水平和EOS计数均高于哮喘缓解组( t =2.886、2.205、2.153、2.124, P均<0.05);哮喘持续发作组IL-8、IgE、TNF-α、EOS计数等指标均明显高于其他哮喘发作组和哮喘缓解组,且差异均有统计学意义(其他哮喘发作组:t =2.836、3.124、2.995、2.854;哮喘缓解组:t =3.735、4.002、3.834、3.656, P均<0.05);且其他哮喘发作组患儿的IL-8、IgE、TNF-α、EOS水平也均高于哮喘缓解组,差异具有统计学意义( t =2.267、2.894、2.241、2.207, P均<0.05);病程>1年组IL-8、IgE、TNF-α、EOS计数水平均明显高于病程≤1年组,且差异均有统计学意义( t =2.349、3.122、2.126、2.858, P <0.05)。结论血清IL-8、TNF-α、IgE和外周血EOS水平在支气管哮喘发病中起着重要作用。%Objective To observe the changes of

  13. Correlation of IPSS with IL-8 and COX-2 levels in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis%BPH合并前列腺炎患者IPSS与IL-8、COX-2水平相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈帝昂; 杨兴智; 张培海; 李广森; 常德贵

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the correlation of International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) with the levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the prostate tissue and expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) complicated by prostatitis.Methods:We divided 80 BPH patients to be treated by transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) into a simple BPH group (n =30) and a BPH with prostatitis group (n =50) based on the pathologic features.We statistically analyzed IPSS and the levels of IL-8 and COX-2 in EPS before surgery and the IL-8 and COX-2 levels in the prostate tissue after surgery.Results:IPSS was positively correlated with the IL-8 and COX-2 levels in the prostate tissue and EPS of the BPH patients,moderately in the simple hyperplasia group (r >0.5) and highly in the other (r > 0.8).The levels of IL-8 and COX-2 in the prostate tissue and EPS were significantly higher in the BPH with prostatitis group than in the simple BPH group (P <0.05).Conclusion:The levels of IL-8 and COX-2 in EPS indirectly reflect those in the prostate tissue.IPSS and the levels of IL-8 and COX-2 in EPS can help determine whether BPH is complicated by histological prostatic inflammation.Natl J Androl,2013,19 (6):527-530%目的:观察良性前列腺增生(BPH)合并前列腺炎患者国际前列腺症状评分(IPSS)与前列腺按摩液(EPS)和前列腺组织中炎症因子白介素-8(IL-8)、环氧化酶-2(COX-2)水平的相关性. 方法:将80例拟行经尿道前列腺电切术(TURP) BPH患者,根据术后病理学诊断分为单纯性增生组(30例)和增生伴炎症组(50例),两组均于术前行IPSS评分、EPS中IL-8、COX-2含量测定,术后前列腺组织中IL-8、COX-2的水平测定,进行统计学分析. 结果:增生伴炎症组EPS中IL-8和COX-2水平显著高于单纯性增生组[IL-8:(15.31 ±1.22) ng/ml vs(5.89 ±0.91) ng/ml,COX-2:(371.09±14.99) ng/ml vs(156.96±29.47) ng/ml,P均<0.01],前列腺组织中两组IL

  14. The Effect of Montelukast on the Levels of IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 in Patients with Bronchial Asthma%孟鲁司特对支气管哮喘患者血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-10水平的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许成

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of Montelukaat on serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 levels in patients with bronchial asthma. Methods Serum TL-6,TLS (with RIA) ,IL-10 (with ELISA) levels were measured in 31 patients after Montelukast treatment with bronchial asthma as well as in 35 normal healthy controls. Result Before treatment serum IL-6, IL-8 levels in the asthma group were significantly higher than those in controls (P<0.01). While the IL-10 level was undoubtedly lower than that in the controls (P <0.01). After treatment, the serum IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 levels were still significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion Montelukast treatment could bring about some regulatory effect on serum IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 levels in patients with asthma and furthermore reducing the severity of inflammation and enhancing remission.%目的 探讨孟鲁司特在支气管哮喘患者体内IL-6、IL-8和IL-10水平的影响.方法 应用放射免疫分析和酶联法对31例支气管哮喘患者应用孟鲁司特治疗前后血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-10水平的变化,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果 支气管哮喘患者在治疗前血清IL-6、IL-8水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),而IL-10水平显著地低于正常人组(P<0.01),经治疗2周后与正常人组比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论 孟鲁司特对支气管哮喘患者血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-10有一定程度的调节作用,从而降低患者体内的炎症水平,促进病情缓解和好转.

  15. 急性颅脑损伤后血清IL-6IL-8IL-10含量变化及意义%The content change and significance of serum IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in patients with acute brain trauma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁敏; 汤树洪; 甘渭河

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨急性颅脑损伤后免疫功能紊乱的相关炎性介质与时间动态变化的关系,即血清中促炎细胞因子IL-6、IL-8和抗炎细胞因子IL-10 的含量变化及临床意义.方法 采用放射免疫分析法检测急性颅脑损伤患者150 例,分为轻、中、重型3组血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10含量的变化,分析血清中IL-6、IL-8、IL-10含量之间的动态关系与急性颅脑损伤分级以及变化趋势.结果 重型组1 d、2 d、3 d、7 d、14 d5个时间点的IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平较轻、中型明显升高;IL-6 水平于第2天达到最高峰,IL-8水平于第3天达到最高峰,IL-10水平于第7天达到最高峰;IL-6、IL-8、IL-10达到最高峰后均出现迅速下降趋势.结论 血清中IL-6、IL-8、IL-10 水平的变化与急性脑损伤程度呈正相关,即脑损伤程度越重,IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的水平越高.

  16. The changes of IL-8, IL-13 and IL-18 in patients of COPD before and after the treatment of mechanical ventilation%机械通气治疗COPD前后细胞因子IL-8、IL-13及IL-18的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 何家富

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the expressions of IL-8 and IL-13 and IL-18 in patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) before and after the treatment of mechanical ventilation. Methods The blood of thirty COPD before and after the treatment of mechanical ventilation at 1,2,6,72 h was collected in the period of exacerbation which needed invasive mechanical ventila tion. We also collected the blood of ten COPD in the period of stable stage. The expressions of IL-8 and IL 13 and IL-18 in the blood plasma were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(El.ISA). Results The expressions of IL-8 and IL-13 and IL-18 in the period of exacerbation were decreased obviously after the treatment of mechanical ventilation. Those expressions had no significantly difference between the COPD patients which needed the mechanical ventilation treatment by 72 h and the COPD patients in the period of stable stage. Conclusion The expressions of IL-8 and IL-13 and IL 18 in the period of exacerbation increase significantly and decrease obviously after the mechanical ventilation treatment.%目的 探讨慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)急性呼吸衰竭患者行有创机械通气治疗前、后细胞因子白细胞介素-8(IL-8)、白细胞介素-13(IL-13)及白细胞介素-18(IL-18)的变化.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附试验测定30例COPD急性呼吸衰竭患者行有创机械通气治疗前及治疗后1、2、6、72 h细胞因子IL-8、IL-13及IL-18的水平,并与10例COPD稳定期患者进行比较.结果 COPD急性呼吸衰竭患者IL-8、IL-13及IL-18水平在行机械通气治疗后较治疗前显著下降,机械通气治疗72 h后与COPD稳定期患者比较差异无统计学意义.结论 COPD急性呼吸衰竭患者IL-8、IL-13及IL-18的表达显著升高,经机械通气治疗后可下降至COPD稳定期水平.

  17. Chemokines in the brain : neuroimmunology and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biber, K; Zuurman, MW; Dijkstra, IM; Boddeke, HWGM

    2002-01-01

    Chemokines in the brain have been recognised as essential elements in neurodegenerative diseases and related neuroinflammation. Recent studies suggest that in addition to the orchestration of chemotaxis of immune cells, chemokines are also involved in neurodevelopment and neurophysiological signalli

  18. A copper-hydrogen peroxide redox system induces dityrosine cross-links and chemokine oligomerisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacGregor, Helen J; Kato, Yoji; Marshall, Lindsay J; Nevell, Thomas G; Shute, Janis K

    2011-12-01

    The activity of the chemoattractant cytokines, the chemokines, in vivo is enhanced by oligomerisation and aggregation on glycosaminoglycan (GAG), particularly heparan sulphate, side chains of proteoglycans. The chemokine RANTES (CCL5) is a T-lymphocyte and monocyte chemoattractant, which has a minimum tetrameric structure for in vivo activity and a propensity to form higher order oligomers. RANTES is unusual among the chemokines in having five tyrosine residues, an amino acid susceptible to oxidative cross-linking. Using fluorescence emission spectroscopy, Western blot analysis and LCMS-MS, we show that a copper/H2O2 redox system induces the formation of covalent dityrosine cross-links and RANTES oligomerisation with the formation of tetramers, as well as higher order oligomers. Amongst the transition metals tested, namely copper, nickel, mercury, iron and zinc, copper appeared unique in this respect. At high (400 μM) concentrations of H2O2, RANTES monomers, dimers and oligomers are destroyed, but heparan sulphate protects the chemokine from oxidative damage, promoting dityrosine cross-links and multimer formation under oxidative conditions. Low levels of dityrosine cross-links were detected in copper/H2O2-treated IL-8 (CXCL8), which has one tyrosine residue, and none were detected in ENA-78 (CXCL5), which has none. Redox-treated RANTES was fully functional in Boyden chamber assays of T-cell migration and receptor usage on activated T-cells following RANTES oligomerisation was not altered. Our results point to a protective, anti-oxidant, role for heparan sulphate and a previously unrecognised role for copper in chemokine oligomerisation that may offer an explanation for the known anti-inflammatory effect of copper-chelators such as penicillamine and tobramycin.

  19. Autism with Intellectual Disability is Associated with Increased Levels of Maternal Cytokines and Chemokines During Gestation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Karen L.; Croen, Lisa A.; Yoshida, Cathleen K.; Heuer, Luke; Hansen, Robin; Zerbo, Ousseny; DeLorenze, Gerald N.; Kharrazi, Martin; Yolken, Robert; Ashwood, Paul; Van de Water, Judy

    2016-01-01

    Immune abnormalities have been described in some individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) as well as their family members. However, few studies have directly investigated the role of prenatal cytokine and chemokine profiles on neurodevelopmental outcomes in humans. In the current study, we characterized mid-gestational serum profiles of 22 cytokines and chemokines in mothers of children with ASD (N=415), developmental delay without ASD (DD) (N=188), and general population (GP) controls (N=428) using a bead-based multiplex technology. The ASD group was further divided into those with intellectual disabilities (DQ<70) (ASD+ID, N=184) and those without (DQ≥70) (ASD-noID, N=201). Levels of cytokines and chemokines were compared between groups using multivariate logistic regression analyses, adjusting for maternal age, ethnicity, birth country, and weight, as well as infant gender, birth year, and birth month. Mothers of children with ASD+ID had significantly elevated mid-gestational levels of numerous cytokines and chemokines, such as GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-1α, and IL-6, compared to mothers of children with either ASD-noID, those with DD, or GP controls. Conversely, mothers of children with either ASD-noID or with DD had significantly lower levels of the chemokines IL-8 and MCP-1 compared to mothers of GP controls. This observed immunologic distinction between mothers of children with ASD+ID from mothers of children with ASD-noID or DD suggests that the intellectual disability (ID) associated with ASD might be etiologically distinct from DD without ASD. These findings contribute to the ongoing efforts toward identification of early biological markers specific to sub-phenotypes of ASD. PMID:27217154

  20. Differential effects of Radix Paeoniae Rubra (Chishao on cytokine and chemokine expression inducible by mycobacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li James

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Upon initial infection with mycobacteria, macrophages secrete multiple cytokines and chemokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, to mediate host immune responses against the pathogen. Mycobacteria also induce the production of IL-10 via PKR activation in primary human monocytes and macrophages. As an anti-inflammatory cytokine, over-expression of IL-10 may contribute to mycobacterial evasion of the host immunity. Radix Paeoniae Rubra (RPR, Chishao, a Chinese medicinal herb with potentials of anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and neuroprotective effects, is used to treat tuberculosis. This study investigates the immunoregulatory effects of RPR on primary human blood macrophages (PBMac during mycobacterial infection. Methods The interaction of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG with PBMac was used as an experimental model. A series of procedures involving solvent extraction and fractionation were used to isolate bioactive constituents in RPR. RPR-EA-S1, a fraction with potent immunoregulatory effects was obtained with a bioactivity guided fractionation scheme. PBMac were treated with crude RPR extracts or RPR-EA-S1 before BCG stimulation. The expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and TNF-α were measured by qPCR and ELISA. Western blotting was used to determine the effects of RPR-EA-S1 on signaling kinases and transcriptional factors in the BCG-activated PBMac. Results In BCG-stimulated macrophages, crude RPR extracts and fraction RPR-EA-S1 specifically inhibited IL-10 production while enhanced IL-8 expression at both mRNA and protein levels without affecting the expressions of IL-6 and TNF-α. Inhibition of BCG-induced IL-10 expression by RPR-EA-S1 occurred in a dose- and time-dependent manner. RPR-EA-S1 did not affect the phosphorylation of cellular protein kinases including MAPK, Akt and GSK3β. Instead, it suppressed the degradation of IκBα in the cytoplasm and inhibited the

  1. 伴有牙周炎的IgA肾病患者牙周治疗前后血清TNF-α与IL-8变化分析%Changes in levels of serum TNF-α and IL-8 before and after periodontal therapy for patients of IgA nephropathy with periodontitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许志鹏; 宋勇; 孙燕

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine the levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) for IgA nephropathy patients with periodontitis before and after periodontal therapy. Methods Fifty pa-tients of IgA nephropathy with chronic periodontitis (study group) and 30 healthy individuals (control group) were in-cluded in this study. The study group was treated by ultrasonic and VECTOR periodontal therapy apparatus, whereas the control group received no special treatment. We measured the periodontal indexes, and serum TNF-αand IL-8 lev-els by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at the visit of doctor in the control group as well as before treat-ment and 4 weeks after treatment in the study group. Results After periodontal therapy, the periodontal status was significantly improved, with the levels of periodontal indexes and serum TNF-α and IL-8 significantly decreased. Compared with the control group, the periodontal indexes and the serum TNF-αand IL-8 were still significantly higher. Conclusion Periodontal treatment can not only effectively improve the periodontal lesions and promote the recovery of periodontitis, but also reduce the levels of serum TNF-αand IL-8 and benefit the treatment for IgA nephropathy.%目的:观察伴有慢性牙周炎的IgA肾病患者牙周治疗前后血清肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)和白细胞介素-8(IL-8)变化。方法选取伴有慢性牙周炎的IgA肾病患者50例(治疗组)和健康者30例(对照组)。对照组不予特殊处理,治疗组采用超声洁牙和VECTOR牙周治疗仪进行牙周治疗,对照组于初诊时,治疗组于治疗前及治疗后4周,分别检测两组受试者的牙周指数和血清TNF-α与IL-8的浓度。血清中TNF-α与IL-8的浓度采用酶联免疫吸附法测定。结果治疗组患者经过牙周治疗后,牙周状况明显好转,血清TNF-α与IL-8浓度与治疗前比较均明显降低,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),但是牙周指数、TNF-α和IL-8

  2. CA153、IL-6及IL-8与乳腺癌骨转移相关性探讨%Study on the correlation between CA153, IL-6, IL-8 levels and bone metastasis in patients with breast cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨士军; 谭维琴; 鲍艳梅

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨糖类抗原153(CA153)及细胞因子[白细胞介素6(IL-6)、白细胞介素8(IL-8)]与乳腺癌骨转移的关系.方法 对103例乳腺癌根治手术后患者行单光子发射型(SPECT)骨显像,采用放射免疫法检测血清CA153,放射免疫分析法检测IL-6、IL-8水平,与健康对照组(36例)进行对比分析.结果 骨转移组患者血清CA153、IL-6、IL-8水平明显升高,与无骨转移组及健康对照组比较差异均有统计学意义(P0.05).结论 CA153对于预测乳腺癌骨转移、筛选行全身骨显像患者具有重要意义;IL-6、IL-8参与乳腺癌骨转移的发生和发展过程,检测IL-6、IL-8对于乳腺癌骨转移的病理研究和预防、治疗可能具有重要价值.%Objective To investigate the corelation of CA153,IL-6,IL-8 and breast cancer bone metastasis. Methods 103 breast cancer patients after radical surgery were scanned by single photon emission computer tomography(SPECT). Immunoradiometric assay(IRMA) method was used to assay the serum.level of CA153,and radioimmunoassay(RIA) method was used to assay serum level of IL-6,IL-8;At the same time,the result was analyzed against the control group of 36 normal people. Results In breast cancer patients group with bone metastasis, the serum level of CA153, IL-6, IL-8 were significantly higher than normal people(P<0.05) ,while the serum level of CA153,IL-6 and IL-8 in cancer patients group without bone metastasis and in control group were not statistically significant different(P>0.05). Conclusion CA153 has great significance in predicting breast cancer bone metastasis and screening whole body bone imaging;IL-6, IL-8 is engaging in the occurrence and development of bone metastasis, assaying the serum levels of IL-6,IL-8 are of great value to pathology research,prevention and treatment of breast cancer bone metastasis.

  3. Expression levels of novel cytokine IL-32 in periodontitis and its role in the suppression of IL-8 production by human gingival fibroblasts stimulated with Porphyromonas gingivalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuhisa Ouhara

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background:IL-32 was recently found to be elevated in the tissue of rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by polymicrobial infections that result in soft tissue destruction and alveolar bone loss. Although IL-32 is also thought to be associated with periodontal disease, its expression and possible role in periodontal tissue remain unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the expression patterns of IL-32 in healthy and periodontally diseased gingival tissue. The expression of IL-32 in cultured human gingival fibroblasts (HGF as well as effects of autocrine IL-32 on IL-8 production from HGF were also examined.Methods:Periodontal tissue was collected from both healthy volunteers and periodontitis patients, and immunofluorescent staining was performed in order to determine the production of IL-32. Using real-time PCR and ELISA, mRNA expression and protein production of IL-32 in HGF, stimulated by Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg, were also investigated.Results:Contrary to our expectation, the production of IL-32 in the periodontitis patients was significantly lower than in the healthy volunteers. According to immunofluorescent microscopy, positive staining for IL-32 was detected in prickle and basal cell layers in the epithelium as well as fibroblastic cells in connective tissue. Addition of fixed Pg in vitro was found to suppress the otherwise constitutive expression of IL-32 mRNA and protein in HGF. However, recombinant IL-32 in vitro inhibited the expression of IL-8 mRNA by HGF stimulated with Pg. Interestingly, anti-IL-32 neutralizing antibody upregulated the IL-8 mRNA expression in non-stimulated HGF, indicating that constitutive expression of IL-32 in HGF suppressed IL-8 mRNA expression in the absence of bacterial stimulation.Conclusion:These results indicate that IL-32 is constitutively produced by HGF which can be suppressed by Pg and may play a role in the downregulation

  4. The cell wall component lipoteichoic acid of Staphylococcus aureus induces chemokine gene expression in bovine mammary epithelial cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    KIKU, Yoshio; NAGASAWA, Yuya; TANABE, Fuyuko; SUGAWARA, Kazue; WATANABE, Atsushi; HATA, Eiji; OZAWA, Tomomi; NAKAJIMA, Kei-ichi; ARAI, Toshiro; HAYASHI, Tomohito

    2016-01-01

    Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a major cause of bovine mastitis, but its pathogenic mechanism remains poorly understood. To evaluate the role of lipoteichoic acid (LTA) in the immune or inflammatory response of SA mastitis, we investigated the gene expression profile in bovine mammary epithelial cells stimulated with LTA alone or with formalin-killed SA (FKSA) using cap analysis of gene expression. Seven common differentially expressed genes related to immune or inflammatory mediators were up-regulated under both LTA and FKSA stimulations. Three of these genes encode chemokines (IL-8, CXCL6 and CCL2) functioning as chemoattractant molecules for neutrophils and macrophages. These results suggest that the initial inflammatory response of SA infection in mammary gland may be related with LTA induced chemokine genes. PMID:27211287

  5. Cascading Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Agarwal, Nishant; Khoury, Justin; Trodden, Mark

    2009-01-01

    We develop a fully covariant, well-posed 5D effective action for the 6D cascading gravity brane-world model, and use this to study cosmological solutions. We obtain this effective action through the 6D decoupling limit, in which an additional scalar degree mode, \\pi, called the brane-bending mode, determines the bulk-brane gravitational interaction. The 5D action obtained this way inherits from the sixth dimension an extra \\pi self-interaction kinetic term. We compute appropriate boundary terms, to supplement the 5D action, and hence derive fully covariant junction conditions and the 5D Einstein field equations. Using these, we derive the cosmological evolution induced on a 3-brane moving in a static bulk. We study the strong- and weak-coupling regimes analytically in this static ansatz, and perform a complete numerical analysis of our solution. Although the cascading model can generate an accelerating solution in which the \\pi field comes to dominate at late times, the presence of a critical singularity prev...

  6. Radiation and SN38 treatments modulate the expression of microRNAs, cytokines and chemokines in colon cancer cells in a p53-directed manner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Surajit; Meng, Wen-Jian; Nandy, Suman Kumar; Ping, Jie; Bisgin, Atil; Helmfors, Linda; Waldmann, Patrik; Sun, Xiao-Feng

    2015-12-29

    Aberrant expression of miRNAs, cytokines and chemokines are involved in pathogenesis of colon cancer. However, the expression of p53 mediated miRNAs, cyto- and chemokines after radiation and SN38 treatment in colon cancer remains elusive. Here, human colon cancer cells, HCT116 with wild-type, heterozygous and a functionally null p53, were treated by radiation and SN38. The expression of 384 miRNAs was determined by using the TaqMan® miRNA array, and the expression of cyto- and chemokines was analyzed by Meso-Scale-Discovery instrument. Up- or down-regulations of miRNAs after radiation and SN38 treatments were largely dependent on p53 status of the cells. Cytokines, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, Il-4, IL-10, VEGF, and chemokines, IL-8, MIP-1α were increased, and IFN-γ expression was decreased after radiation, whereas, IL-6, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-1β, Il-4, IL-10, IL-8 were decreased, and VEGF and MIP-1α were increased after SN38 treatment. Bioinformatic analysis pointed out that the highly up-regulated miRNAs, let-7f-5p, miR-455-3p, miR-98, miR-155-5p and the down-regulated miRNAs, miR-1, miR-127-5p, miR-142-5p, miR-202-5p were associated with colon cancer pathways and correlated with cyto- or chemokine expression. These miRNAs have the potential for use in colon cancer therapy as they are related to p53, pro- or anti-inflammatory cyto- or chemokines after the radiation and SN38 treatment.

  7. The expression and significance of epithelial neutrophil ENA-78、IL-8 in endometriosis%子宫内膜异位症中趋化性细胞因子ENA-78、IL-8的表达及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚赛君

    2008-01-01

    目的:探讨趋化性细胞因子ENA-78、IL-8在子宫内膜异位症(EM)发病机制中的作用.方法:应用酶联免疫吸附法测定50例EM患者及20例非EM患者(对照组)腹腔液中ENA-78和IL-8水平.结果:EM组患者腹腔液ENA-78、IL-8的水平 (326.25±231.35pg/ml、3.58±1.98 ng/ml)均显著高于对照组 (123.85±61.42pg/ml、1.25±0.78ng/ml)(P0.05).结论:EM患者腹腔液中ENA-78、IL-8水平增高,与期别相关,可能为子宫内膜异位症的发病因素之一.

  8. 舒利迭对COPD稳定期患者临床疗效及IL-8、TNF-α的影响%Observation of clinical effects of seretide inhalation on COPD in stable phase and its effects on IL-8, TNF-α

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗正平; 刘仁水

    2010-01-01

    目的:观察长期吸入舒利迭对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)稳定期临床疗效及IL-8、TNF-α的影响.方法:对80例COPD稳定期患者,随机分为两组,对照组为常规治疗,治疗组给予常规治疗加用长期吸入舒利迭,观察两组治疗前后的临床疗效、血IL-8、TNF-α进行对比,评价舒利迭对COPD稳定期患者的影响.结果:舒利迭明显缓解COPD临床症状、降低COPD稳定期患者IL-8、TNF-α的表达,与对照组比较差异有显著性.结论:长期吸人舒利迭能缓解患者临床症状、降低IL-8、TNF-α的表达.

  9. The changes and clinical significance of Sp- selectin and IL- 8 in patients with colorectal carcinoma%结直肠癌患者血清sP-selectin和IL-8水平的变化及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟明; 陈冬志; 王锡明

    2003-01-01

    目的:探讨结直肠癌患者手术前后血清中可溶性 sP- selectin和 IL- 8含量的变化及其临床意义.方法:用 ELISA法和 RIA法分别测定结直肠癌患者手术前、手术后及复发病人血清 sP- selectin和 IL- 8的含量,并与对照组进行比较.结果:结直肠癌患者血清 sP- selectin和 IL- 8的含量明显高于正常人( P<0.01),术后 3个月下降至接近正常人水平,而 复发患者则再次升高( P<0.01).结论:血清 sP- selectin和 IL- 8的含量与结直肠癌的发展及预后密切相关.

  10. Clinical Significance of Determination of Changes of Serum of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8,IL-10 Levels After Treatment in Patients with Condyloma Acuminatum%尖锐湿疣患者治疗前后血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚平

    2007-01-01

    目的:探讨了尖锐湿疣患者治疗前后血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平变化及意义.方法:应用RIA和ELISA对40例尖锐湿疣患者进行了血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平检测并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:在治疗前尖锐湿疣患者血清IL-6及IL-8低于正常对照组.TNF-α、IL-10水平均非常显著地高于正常对照组(P<0.01),经治疗3个月后与正常对照组比较仍有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:检测尖锐湿疣患者血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平的变化对疾病的治疗、预后观察有重要的临床价值.

  11. Clinical Significance of Measurement of Changes of Serum TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 Centent After Treatment in Patients with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)%妊高征患者治疗前后血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂英

    2008-01-01

    目的:探讨了妊高征患者治疗前后血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8水平的变化及意义.方法:采用放射免疫分析对36例妊高征患者进行了血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8水平检测并与35名正常孕妇作比较.结果:在治疗前血清TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8水平非常显著地高于正常孕妇组(P0.05).结论:炎性细胞因子TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8在妊高征的发病机理中具有重要的作用,有一定的临床价值.

  12. Clinical Application of Serum IL-8、IL-10 and PCT in Children with Mycoplasma Pneumonia%血清IL-8、IL-10、PCT在小儿肺炎支原体肺炎治疗中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张虹; 顾猛

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical application of serum IL-8、IL-10 and PCT in children with Mycoplasma Pneumonia(MPP).Methods The levels of serum IL-8、IL-10 and PCT of 62 cases of children with MPP、50 health students as control group were detected by ELISA or chemiluminescence assay at the same time.The clinical relative factors and experimental data were statistical y analyzed using SPSS18.0 statistical software,each set of experimental data expressed as mean±standard deviation,in each experimental group were analyzed by using t-test, 0.05)。结论 MPP患儿入院治疗前、治疗后血清IL-8、IL-l0,PCT含量的变化对疾病的进展和疗效有一定指导意义,提示IL-8、IL-10和PCT在MPP发病机制中起重要作用。

  13. Analysis of Cytokines (IL-2, IL-8, IL-10) in the Expressed Prostatic Secretions of Chronic Prostatitis%慢性前列腺炎患者前列腺液中IL-2、IL-8及IL-10水平分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段志国; 杨为民

    2005-01-01

    目的: 检测慢性前列腺炎(CP)患者前列腺液中细胞因子IL-2、IL-8及IL-10的水平,探讨这些细胞因子对CP发病机制及诊断方面的价值. 方法: 采用双抗体夹心ELISA法测定31例CP患者前列腺液中IL-2、IL-8及IL-10的水平,并以10例健康男性为对照.对每例患者进行两杯法尿液细菌培养、前列腺常规检查和美国国立卫生院前列腺炎症状指数评分(NIH-CPSI).按NIH分类法将31例CP患者分为3型:Ⅱ型5例,ⅢA型13例,ⅢB型13例. 结果: CP组与对照组比较,前列腺液IL-8含量显著升高(P0.05). 结论: 前列腺液中IL-2、IL-8及IL-10在CP的发病过程中起重要作用,是诊断CP有价值的指标.

  14. Changes and significance of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in serum of breast cancer patients before and after chemotherapy%化疗前后乳腺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α的变化及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨明德; 李冬梅; 于慧玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨化疗前后乳腺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α的变化及意义.方法:选择住院手术乳腺癌术后1个月、化疗1个疗程(21天)患者50例,化疗前、后均静脉采血,同期选取体检健康女性30例作为对照组亦静脉采血,均留取血清待测.采用ELISA酶联免疫法检测IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α的蛋白水平,采用流式细胞免疫学法检测IL-6、IL-8及TNF-α的细胞阳性百分率.结果:与对照组比较,化疗前乳腺癌组患者血清中IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α的蛋白水平及细胞阳性百分率均升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);化疗后患者血清中IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α的蛋白水平及细胞阳性百分率均略升高,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);化疗前乳腺癌组患者血清中IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α的蛋白水平及细胞阳性百分率明显高于化疗后患者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:化疗能够通过降低乳腺癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α的水平抑制肿瘤的浸润和转移,这为乳腺癌的临床治疗提供新的靶点.

  15. Clinical significance on the changes of serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 levels in children with H.pylori infection%幽门螺杆菌感染患儿血清 IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈一; 阎晓莉; 李华; 拜康利

    2003-01-01

    为探讨各种细胞因子在幽门螺杆菌相关性胃肠粘膜病中的作用机理及意义,采用 ELISA法,检测 35例幽门螺杆菌阳性患儿血清 IL-6、 IL-8、 IL-10水平,并与幽门螺杆菌阴性组 31例作对照.结果显示两组间 IL-6、 IL-8分布水平差异有极显著性( P<0.001);两组间 IL-10分布水平差异有显著性( P<0.05).幽门螺杆菌阳性组与阴性组 IL-6平均秩和之差为 16.38,均数分别为 108.46pg/ml及 51.32pg/ml; IL-8平均秩和之差为 34,均数分别为 163.09pg/ml及 92.36pg/ml; IL-10平均秩和之差为- 3.32,均数分别为 12.56pg/ml及 15.88pg/ml.幽门螺杆菌阳性组血清 IL-6与 IL-8间呈正相关( r=0.349, P<0.001); IL-10与 IL-6、 IL-8间无明显相关性.提示细胞因子 IL-6、 IL-8、 IL-10均参与了幽门螺杆菌感染后的致病过程;幽门螺杆菌感染胃肠粘膜产生的炎症反应损伤与 IL-6、 IL-8的过量产生有关,血清 IL-10对炎症有抑制作用,从而为临床诊治幽门螺杆菌相关性疾病提供理论依据.

  16. Effects of Prunella vulgaris L. on Expressions of IL-1α,IL-4,IL-8 and TNF-α in Saliva of Patients with Acne%夏枯草对痤疮患者唾液中 IL-1α、IL-4、IL-8和 TNF-α表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵俊茹; 汪文玉; 左付国; 李小茜; 胡冬裴

    2015-01-01

    Objective To detect effects of Prunella vulgaris L. on expressions of IL-1α、IL-4、IL-8 and TNF-α in saliva of patients with acne. Methods 100 patients with severe acne were treated with water extract of Prunella vul-garis L. for a week, 15 g·d-1 each person, including 38Ⅱlevel patients, 27 Ⅲ level patients, 35 Ⅳ level patients. 40 cases of normal people were selected as control. The levels of IL-1α, IL-4, IL-8 and TNF-α were respectively measured before and after treatment by ELISA kits. Results Compared with the control group, the levels of IL-1α, IL-4, IL-8 and TNF-α had different degree of rise. The variability of the population were all Ⅳ level>Ⅲ level>Ⅱ level. The levels of IL-1α, IL-4, IL-8 and TNF-α were significantly decreased. Conclusion The onset of acne was closely related with the expression of IL-1α, IL-4, IL-8 and TNF-α in saliva, illustrating the immune factors played important roles in the onset and development of acne. Further study of the pathogenesis of acne immune mechanism has a guiding significance for clinical diagnosis and therapy, Prunella vulgaris L. may be effective for acne by adjusting peripheral immune factors in patlents with acne.%目的:检测夏枯草对中、重度痤疮患者唾液中白细胞介素1α(interleukin-1α, IL-1α)、白细胞介素4(inter-leukin-4, IL-4)、白细胞介素8(interleukin-8, IL-8)和肿瘤坏死因子-α(tumor necrosis factor-α, TNF-α)表达的影响。方法对100例中、重度痤疮患者口服夏枯草水煎液治疗,其中Ⅱ级38例,Ⅲ级27例,Ⅳ级35例,每人每日15 g,连续1周。采集非刺激性全唾液,运用酶联免疫吸附法(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)分别检测患者治疗前后及40名正常对照者唾液中 IL-1α、IL-4、IL-8和 TNF-α的表达水平。结果痤疮患者唾液中 IL-1α、IL-4、IL-8和 TNF-α水平较对照组有不同程度的升高,其变化程度均为Ⅳ级

  17. Expression of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and IL-8 in the ulcerative colitis%TLR4、NF-κB p65、IL-8在溃疡性结肠炎中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓云; 李冬斌; 李彬

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨溃疡性结肠炎(UC)患者肠黏膜活检组织中Toll样受体4(TLR4)、核转录因子-κB(NF-κB p65)、白介素-8(IL-8)的表达及三者在UC发病机制中的作用.方法 内镜活检UC活动期结肠黏膜标本68份(UC组)及30例正常人结肠黏膜标本(健康对照组),采用免疫组化SP方法检测TLR4、NF-κB p65、IL-8的表达水平,并做统计学处理.结果 UC组结肠黏膜表面上皮细胞和固有层TLR4、NF-κB p65、IL-8呈阳性表达,染色为深棕黄色,较健康对照组表达均显著增强,且不同病理分级间比较,III级>II级>I级,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 UC肠黏膜中TLR4、NF-κB p65、IL-8的表达均高度上调,并随UC病理分级的升高而升高.%Objective To characterize the difference of the expression of the TLR4, NF-kB p65 and IL-8 protein in ulcerative colitis ( UC ), to explore the possible effects of TLR4, NF-kB p65 and IL-8 in the imitation and progression of UC. Methods Colonic biopsy specimens were collected from active UC( n = 68 ) and normal controls( n = 30 ). The expression of TLR4, NF-kB p65 and IL-8 were analyzed with immunohistochemistry ( IHC ). Results The expression of the TLR4, NF-kB p65 and IL-8 protein was significantly increased in epithelial cells and the lamina propria of UC compared with controls. The TLR4, IL-8 and NF-kB p65 protein were positively related to pathological classification in UC. They are significantly higher in class II and class III than that in class I( P < 0.05 ) as well as in class III than in class II( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion In UC,the expression of the TLR4,IL-8 and NF-kB p65 protein were up-regulated significantly,and it was closely associated with the course of ulcerative colitis.

  18. Clinical Study of Serum IL-13,IL-8,TNF-α,TIgE Level in Children with Bronchiolitis%婴幼儿毛细支气管炎患者血清IL-13、IL-8、TNF-α、TIgE水平的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王峻; 李峰; 王丽

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨婴幼儿毛细支气管炎患者血清白细胞介素13(IL-13)、白细胞介素8(IL-8)、肿瘤坏死因子(TNF-α)、TIgE的水平及临床意义。方法:选取36例急性期毛细支气管炎患儿(其中轻症组20例,重症组16例)、30例普通肺炎患儿以及30例同期健康查体儿,采用酶联免疫吸附法ELISA法检测三组的血清IL-13、IL-8、TNF-α、TIgE水平。结果:两组肺炎患儿血清IL-13、IL-8、TNF-α水平均显著高于正常对照组(P<0.05);毛支炎组血清IL-13、IL-8、TNF-α、TIgE均高于普通肺炎组(P<0.05);毛支炎重症组的TNF-α高于轻症组(P<0.05)。结论:IL-13、IL-8、TNF-α参与毛细支气管炎的发病过程,TNF-α水平与毛支炎病情相关,且毛支炎患儿血清TIgE高于正常对照组。%Objective:To study the clinical significance on serum level of interleukin 13(IL-13),interleukin 8(IL-8),tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α),TIgE in infants with bronchiolitis. Method:36 cases of infantile with bronchiolitis(20 cases of the mild group and 16 cases of the severe group),and 30 cases of ordinary pneumonia,with 30 healthy infants were checked for the IL-13,IL-8,TNF-αand TIgE level with ELISA method.Result:The IL-13,IL-8, TNF-αlevel in the two groups of children with bronchiolitis and ordinary pneumonia were significantly higher than that in the normal control group(P<0.05);the IL-13,IL-8,TNF-α,TIgE level in the bronchiolitis group were higher than the ordinary pneumonia group(P<0.05);the level of TNF-αof the bronchiolitis severe group was higher than that in the mild group(P<0.05). Conclusion:IL-13,IL-8,TNF-αlevels play an important role in the process of bronchiolitis, and TNF-αlevel has association with the course and conditions of the disease;the serum level of TIgE is higher in the bronchiolitis infants than that of other control group.

  19. Effects of 1,25-( OH)2D3 on eotaxin and IL-8 in BALF of asthmatic rat%1,25-二羟维生素D3对哮喘大鼠BALF中Eotaxin及IL-8表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田维敏; 尚云晓; 蔡栩栩; 魏秀清

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察1,25-(OH)2D3对哮喘大鼠BALF中Eotaxin及IL-8表达的影响.方法 50只Wistar大鼠随机分为正常对照组(N)、哮喘组(A)、1,25-(OH)2D3组(VD)、布地奈德组(B)及1,25-( OH)2D3+布地奈德联合治疗组(L),每组10只.用ELISA法检测BALF中Eotaxin及IL-8的表达水平.结果 各组Eotaxin和IL-8表达比较:A组较其他各组明显增高(P<0.01、P<0.05);VD组较A组明显降低(P<0.05),但仍高于N组、B组及L组(P<0.01);L组较A组、VD组及B组明显减低(P<0.05、P<0.01).结论 哮喘急性发作时,BALF中Eotaxin及IL-8的表达水平显著增高,1,25-(OH)2D3有效抑制了哮喘时的Eotaxin和IL-8的表达水平,与布地奈德联合治疗作用更为明显.%Objective To observe the effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on the levels of eotaxin and IL-8 in BALF of asthmatic rats. Methods SO Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups:Normal control group(N) .asthma group(A) ,1,25-(OH)2D3 group(VD) ,budesonide group(B) ,and therapeutic alliance group of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and budesonide ( L) ,10 rats for each group. The expressive levels of eotaxin and IL-8 in BALF were detected by ELISA. Results The levels of eotaxin and IL-8 increased more significantly in group A than those of other groups( P <0. 01, P < 0. 05 ) ; the levels in group VD decreased markedly compared with group A ( P < 0. 05 ) , but remarkably higher than group N, group B and group L(P<0. 01); the levels of group L decreased more markedly than those of group A, group B and group VD( P < 0. 05 ,P < 0. 01). Conclusion The levels of eotaxin and IL-8 in BALF of acute episodes of asthma significantly increased. 1,25-(OH)2D3 can efficiently inhibit the levels of eotaxin and IL-8 in asthma,and the combination of 1,25-( OH)2D3 and budesonide has a more significant effect.

  20. Clinical Significance of Determination of Changes of Serum CA153, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α Levels in Patients with Breast Cancer%乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清CA153、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α测定的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昭昕

    2006-01-01

    目的:探讨了乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清CA153、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α含量的变化.方法:分别应用放射免疫分析和酶联免疫分析对38例乳腺癌患者进行了手术治疗前后血清CA153、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α含量检测,并与30名正常健康人作比较.结果:乳腺癌患者手术前血清CA153、IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),3个月后已降至正常人组水平(P>0.05).手术切除1年后复发者血清IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α水平持续异常,未复发者基本接近正常.结论:检测血清CA153、IL-8、IL-6和TNF-α的水平与乳腺癌患者的病情和预后密切相关,具有一定的临床实用价值.

  1. The Expression of IL-8 mRNA,TSP-1 mRNA and Their Clinicopathologic Value in the Breast Cancer%乳腺癌IL-8mRNA和TSP-1mRNA检测及临床病理意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李树根; 尹新民; 李艳春

    2004-01-01

    目的研究乳腺癌和小叶增生组织中IL-8mRNA和TSP-1mRNA表达水平及临床病理意义.方法 58例乳腺癌和15例小叶增生病例标本经10%福尔马林固定后常规制作石蜡包埋切片.IL-8mRNA、TSP-1mRNA染色方法为原位杂交法.结果乳腺癌IL-8mRNA阳性率明显高于小叶增生(56.9% vs 13.3%,P<0.01),但TSP-1mRNA则相反(48.3% vs 86.7%,P<0.01),且IL-8mRNA阳性和TSP-1mRNA阴性表达小叶增生均为相同病例;组织学分级I级和淋巴结未转移病例IL-8mRNA和TSP-1mRNA表达可能是反映乳腺癌生物学行为和预后的重要标记物.结论联合两者检测乳腺良性病变中的表达对预防和早期发现乳腺癌可能有重要临床意义.

  2. Study on the Changes of Serum IL-6 ,IL-8 and IL-10 Levels in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis and its Clinical Significance%慢性肝炎患者血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的变化及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁慕言

    2006-01-01

    目的探讨慢性肝炎患者血清白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、白细胞介素-8(IL-8)和白细胞介素-10(IL-10)在慢性肝炎发展过程中的含量变化及其临床意义.方法用放射免疫分析法检测80例慢性肝炎患者和40例正常对照组血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-10的水平.结果各组慢性肝炎患者血清IL-6和IL-8含量高于正常对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);IL-10低于正常对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).IL-6、IL-8和IL-10水平的变化与慢性肝炎病变程度密切相关.结论细胞因子IL-6、IL-8和IL-10在慢性肝炎发展过程中相互作用,联合检测其水平的变化对探讨慢性肝炎的诊断和预后具有重要意义.

  3. RANKL/RANK interaction promotes the growth of cervical cancer cells by strengthening the dialogue between cervical cancer cells and regulation of IL-8 secretion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Wen-Qing; Li, Hui; Liu, Li-Bing; Chang, Kai-Kai; Yu, Jia-Jun; Xie, Feng; Li, Ming-Qing; Yu, Jin-Jin

    2015-12-01

    Receptor activator for nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family. The interaction between RANKL and its receptor RANK plays an important role in the development and function of diverse tissues. However, the expression and role of RANKL in cervical cancer are still unknown. In the present study, we found that RANKL and RANK were highly co-expressed in cervical cancer. HeLa and SiHa cells secreted soluble RANKL (sRANKL), expressed member RANKL (mRANKL) and RANK. Recombinant human RANKL protein had no effect on the viability of HeLa and SiHa cells. Yet, blocking RANKL with an anti-human RANKL neutralizing antibody (α-RANKL) or recombinant human osteoprotegrin (OPG) protein resulted in the downregulation of Ki-67 and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression and an increase in Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) expression, as well as a high level of viability and a low level of apoptosis in the HeLa and SiHa cells. In addition, α-RANKL led to a decrease in IL-8 secretion. Recombinant human IL-8 protein reversed the effect of α-RANKL on the expression of proliferation- and apoptosis‑related molecules, and proliferation and apoptosis in the HeLa and SiHa cells. The present study suggests that a high level of mRANKL/RANK expression in cervical cancer lesions plays an important role in the rapid growth of cervical cancer cells possibly through strengthening the dialogue between cervical cancer cells and regulation of IL-8 secretion, which may be a possible target for cervical cancer therapy.

  4. Effect of Helicobacter pylori and its virulence factors on portal hypertensive gastropathy and interleukin (IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaigham Abbas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: We aimed to assess the influence of Helicobacter pylori and its virulent factors, cytotoxin associated gene (cag A and E, on portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG and the levels of interleukin (IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α. Patients and Methods: The patients with cirrhosis underwent screening endoscopy and the lesions related to PHG were graded. Biopsies were obtained for histology, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR of H. pylori 16S rRNA, cagA, cagE, and tissue cytokine levels was carried out. Absent or mild PHG was compared with moderate to severe PHG. Results: One hundred and forty patients with cirrhosis were studied; males numbered 92 and the mean age of the patients was 50.3 ± 12.0 years, H. pylori positivity in 87 (62.1% patients was associated with male gender (P = 0.032, younger age (P = 0.029, hepatitis D etiology (P = 0.005, higher serum albumin (0.000, lower Child Pugh score (P = 0.001, and lower portal vein diameter (P = 0.001. There was no significant difference in the levels of TNF-α and IL-8. However, a decrease in the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was noted with moderate to severe gastropathy. Four H. pylori strains were positive for both cagA and cagE, while four were positive for cagA only. All the four patients with both virulent factors had mild gastropathy only. Conclusion: The presence of H. pylori infection neither affected the severity of PHG nor augmented the IL-8 and TNF-α levels. There was a decline of virulent H. pylori strains and IL-10 levels in patients with advanced PHG.

  5. Effect of Helicobacter pylori and its Virulence Factors on Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy and Interleukin (IL)-8, IL-10, and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Zaigham; Yakoob, Javed; Usman, Muhammad W.; Shakir, Tanzila; Hamid, Saeed; Jafri, Wasim

    2014-01-01

    Background/Aim: We aimed to assess the influence of Helicobacter pylori and its virulent factors, cytotoxin associated gene (cag) A and E, on portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) and the levels of interleukin (IL)-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Patients and Methods: The patients with cirrhosis underwent screening endoscopy and the lesions related to PHG were graded. Biopsies were obtained for histology, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of H. pylori 16S rRNA, cagA, cagE, and tissue cytokine levels was carried out. Absent or mild PHG was compared with moderate to severe PHG. Results: One hundred and forty patients with cirrhosis were studied; males numbered 92 and the mean age of the patients was 50.3 ± 12.0 years, H. pylori positivity in 87 (62.1%) patients was associated with male gender (P = 0.032), younger age (P = 0.029), hepatitis D etiology (P = 0.005), higher serum albumin (0.000), lower Child Pugh score (P = 0.001), and lower portal vein diameter (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the levels of TNF-α and IL-8. However, a decrease in the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was noted with moderate to severe gastropathy. Four H. pylori strains were positive for both cagA and cagE, while four were positive for cagA only. All the four patients with both virulent factors had mild gastropathy only. Conclusion: The presence of H. pylori infection neither affected the severity of PHG nor augmented the IL-8 and TNF-α levels. There was a decline of virulent H. pylori strains and IL-10 levels in patients with advanced PHG. PMID:24705150

  6. Mycobacterium abscessus glycopeptidolipid prevents respiratory epithelial TLR2 signaling as measured by HβD2 gene expression and IL-8 release.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa B Davidson

    Full Text Available Mycobacterium abscessus has emerged as an important cause of lung infection, particularly in patients with bronchiectasis. Innate immune responses must be highly effective at preventing infection with M. abscessus because it is a ubiquitous environmental saprophyte and normal hosts are not commonly infected. M. abscessus exists as either a glycopeptidolipid (GPL expressing variant (smooth phenotype in which GPL masks underlying bioactive cell wall lipids, or as a variant lacking GPL which is immunostimulatory and invasive in macrophage infection models. Respiratory epithelium has been increasingly recognized as playing an important role in the innate immune response to pulmonary pathogens. Respiratory epithelial cells express toll-like receptors (TLRs which mediate the innate immune response to pulmonary pathogens. Both interleukin-8 (IL-8 and human β-defensin 2 (HβD2 are expressed by respiratory epithelial cells in response to toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2 receptor stimulation. In this study, we demonstrate that respiratory epithelial cells respond to M. abscessus variants lacking GPL with expression of IL-8 and HβD2. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this interaction is mediated through TLR2. Conversely, M. abscessus expressing GPL does not stimulate expression of IL-8 or HβD2 by respiratory epithelial cells which is consistent with "masking" of underlying bioactive cell wall lipids by GPL. Because GPL-expressing smooth variants are the predominant phenotype existing in the environment, this provides an explanation whereby initial M. abscessus colonization of abnormal lung airways escapes detection by the innate immune system.

  7. Anacardic acid, a histone acetyltransferase inhibitor, modulates LPS-induced IL-8 expression in a human alveolar epithelial cell line A549 [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/o7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetsuo Yasutake

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective and design: The histone acetylation processes, which are believed to play a critical role in the regulation of many inflammatory genes, are reversible and regulated by histone acetyltransferases (HATs, which promote acetylation, and histone deacetylases (HDACs, which promote deacetylation. We studied the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS on histone acetylation and its role in the regulation of interleukin (IL-8 expression.  Material: A human alveolar epithelial cell line A549 was used in vitro. Methods: Histone H4 acetylation at the IL-8 promoter region was assessed by a chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP assay. The expression and production of IL-8 were evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and specific immunoassay. Effects of a HDAC inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA, and a HAT inhibitor, anacardic acid, were assessed.  Results: Escherichia coli-derived LPS showed a dose- and time-dependent stimulatory effect on IL-8 protein production and mRNA expression in A549 cells in vitro. LPS showed a significant stimulatory effect on histone H4 acetylation at the IL-8 promoter region by ChIP assay. Pretreatment with TSA showed a dose-dependent stimulatory effect on IL-8 release from A549 cells as compared to LPS alone. Conversely, pretreatment with anacardic acid inhibited IL-8 production and expression in A549 cells.  Conclusion: These data suggest that LPS-mediated proinflammatory responses in the lungs might be modulated via changing chromatin remodeling by HAT inhibition.

  8. Piperine treatment suppresses Helicobacter pylori toxin entry in to gastric epithelium and minimizes β-catenin mediated oncogenesis and IL-8 secretion in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Helicobacter pylori related gastric cancer initiation has been studied widely. The objective of our present study was to evaluate the effect of a single compound piperine on H. pylori infection and its anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects in vitro. Cytotoxicity was tested by Ez-cytox cell viability assay kit. Effects of piperine on H. pylori toxin gene expression and IL-8 expression in mammalian cells during infection were assessed by RT-PCR. Effects of piperine on toxin entry into host ...

  9. ICH 患者血清和血肿液中 IL-4、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的变化研究%Hematoma fluid and serum of patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage about IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 Changes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵金安; 白西民

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察急性脑出血(ICH)患者血清和血肿液中 IL-4、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的变化。方法:选取80例在我院治疗的基底节区脑出血患者,按照发病时间将患者分为5组(发病时间≤6h、6h <发病时间≤12h、12h <发病时间≤24h、24h <发病时间≤72h、3d <发病时间≤7d),检测各组血清和血肿液中 IL-4、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的含量以及出血量和水肿量;另选取21例健康体检者,检测其血清 IL-4、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的含量作对照。结果:IL-4、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10在患者静脉血、血肿液中的浓度均显著高于正常对照组,而患者静脉血与血肿液中 IL-4、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10浓度比较,差异无统计学意义。基底节区脑出血患者发病时间≤6h 与正常对照组比较,除 IL-10浓度升高不明显外,IL-4、IL-6、IL-8浓度均明显升高;24h <发病时间≤72h 时,IL-4、IL-6、IL-8浓度与其他各时段比较,以及3d <发病时间≤7d时,IL-10浓度与其他各时段比较,差异均具有统计学意义。各时段出血量和水肿量比较,差异均无统计学意义,出血量和水肿量均在发病时间≤6h至12h <发病时间≤24h 逐渐增大,12h <发病时间≤24h 达到峰值。结论:ICH 患者静脉血、血肿液中 IL-4、IL-6、IL-8浓度可以作为早期检测(≤6h)ICH 的指标,并可通过不同炎症因子的含量变化判断 ICH 患者发病时间,且患者发病一周内周围脑组织出血量和水肿量变化不大。%Objective To observe the changes of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in serum and hematoma of ICH. Methods 80 cases ICH patients were divided into five groups(<6h, 6-12h, 12-24h, 24-72h, 3-7d). The control group were 21 healthy persons serum. The content of IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in different time were compared and the amount of bleeding and edema. Results IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in patients with venous hematoma fluid concentrations were

  10. Chemokine gene variants in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasdemir, Selcuk; Kucukali, Cem Ismail; Bireller, Elif Sinem; Tuzun, Erdem; Cakmakoglu, Bedia

    2016-08-01

    Background Chemokines are known to play a major role in driving inflammation and immune responses in several neuroinflammatory diseases, including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Inflammation has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Aim We aimed to investigate a potential link between chemokines and schizophrenia and analyze the role of MCP-1-A2518G, SDF-1-3'A, CCR5-delta32, CCR5-A55029G, CXCR4-C138T and CCR2-V64I gene polymorphisms in the Turkish population. Methods Genotyping was conducted by PCR-RFLP based on 140 patients and 123 unrelated healthy controls to show the relation between chemokine gene variants and schizophrenia risk. Results Frequencies of CCR5-A55029G A genotypes and CCR5-A55029G AG genotypes were found higher in patients than the controls and even also CCR2-V64I WT: CCR5-A55029G A and CCR2-V64I 64I: CCR5-A55029G A haplotypes significantly associated according to Bonferroni correction. However, no significant association was found for any of the other polymorphisms with the risk of schizophrenia. Conclusions Our findings suggest that CCR5-A55029G polymorphisms and CCR2-V64I WT: CCR5-A55029G A and CCR2-V64I 64I: CCR5-A55029G A haplotypes might have association with schizophrenia pathogenesis.

  11. 过表达白细胞介素8促进乳腺癌BT549细胞迁移%Overexpression of IL-8 promotes migration of BT549 breast cancer cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓芳; 王静; 范梦恬; 郭杨柳; 李亚; 施琼

    2016-01-01

    目的 构建含有白细胞介素8(IL-8)基因的重组腺病毒,并观察其对BT549乳腺癌细胞增殖、细胞周期以及迁移能力的影响.方法 以143B细胞cDNA为模版,PCR扩增IL-8基因,与穿梭质粒pAdTrack-TO4连接,构建重组穿梭质粒pAdTrack-TO4-IL-8,由PmeⅠ线性化并电转入AdEasier细菌中,获得重组腺病毒质粒pAdIL-8,PacI酶切经LipofectamineTM 2000介导转入HEK293细胞进行包装扩增,检测滴度;反转录PCR检测BT549细胞中IL-8 mRNA的水平,ELISA检测BT549细胞培养上清液中IL-8的水平;流式细胞术检测细胞周期情况;MTT法检测细胞增殖能力;划痕愈合实验检测细胞迁移能力.结果 PCR以及测序证实pAdTrack-TO4-IL-8构建成功;pAdIL-8经酶切证实重组正确;重组腺病毒AdIL-8感染BT549细胞,可高表达IL-8.过表达IL-8的BT549细胞迁移能力增强,但其增殖活性无明显变化、将细胞周期阻滞于S期.结论 过表达IL-8可促进BT549细胞的迁移.

  12. Ma Huang Tang Suppresses the Production and Expression of Inflammatory Chemokines via Downregulating STAT1 Phosphorylation in HaCaT Keratinocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hye-Sun Lim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ma huang tang (MHT is a traditional herbal medicine comprising six medicinal herbs and is used to treat influenza-like illness. However, the effects of MHT on inflammatory skin diseases have not been verified scientifically. We investigated determining the inhibitory effects of MHT against inflammation responses in skin using HaCaT human keratinocyte cells. We found that MHT suppressed production of thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17, macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22, regulated on activation of normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES/CCL5, and interleukin-8 (IL-8 in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α and interferon-γ- (IFN-γ- stimulated HaCaT cells. Consistently, MHT suppressed the mRNA expression of TARC, MDC, RANTES, and IL-8 in TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated cells. Additionally, MHT inhibited TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1 phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner and nuclear translocation in HaCaT cells. Our finding indicates that MHT inhibits production and expression of inflammatory chemokines in the stimulated keratinocytes by downregulating STAT1 phosphorylation, suggesting that MHT may be a possible therapeutic agent for inflammatory skin diseases.

  13. COPD患者急性期吸入布地奈德-福莫特罗对炎性介质IL-8、TNF-α的影响%Effectiveness of Budesonide Formotorol on Inflammatory Mediators IL-8、TNF-αin Patients with COPD Acute Exacerbation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    支学军; 刘建华; 苏菁; 张宁

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨吸入布地奈德-福莫特罗治疗急性加重期慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者的抗炎疗效。方法选取34例COPD患者,随机分为吸入组和常规组,以健康非吸烟者为正常对照组。记录各组治疗前后IL-8、TNF-α的含量。结果吸入组TNF-α水平治疗后低于治疗前及常规组治疗后(P<0.05),吸入组 IL-8水平治疗后低于治疗前及治疗后的常规组(P<0.05)。结论 COPD患者炎症介质 IL-8、TNF-α水平升高,与气流受限相关。吸入布地奈德-福莫特罗使气道的炎症介质水平降低,可起到抗炎及缓解气道痉挛作用。%Obiective To study the anti-inflammatory effect of Budesonide Formotorol in treating Pa-tients with COPD acute exacerbation.Methods Patients with COPD acute exacerbation were divided into two groups:observation group and routine group,and healthy non-smokers were taken as control.The concentrations of IL-8、TNF-αwere detected in sputum supernatant. Results 1.Pre-and post-therapy sputum supernatant TNF-αlevels of inhalation group and routine group were significantly higher than those of controls (P<0.01).2.After treatment,IL-8 level in inhalation group was significantly lower than that of and inhalation routine groups before treatment and the healthy control group (P<0.05 ). Conclusion Sputum neutrophils and inflammatory mediators IL-8、TNF-αincreased in COPD, which were closely associated with airflow limitation. Inhaling Budesonide Formotorol could reduce the airway inflammatory cells and inflammatory mediators,which played an anti-inflammatory vole and reduced air-way spasm.

  14. 乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清CA153、IL-8、MMP-2和TIMP-2水平检测的临床意义%Clinical significance of serum level of CA153,IL-8,MMP-2,TIMP-2 changes of patients with breast cancer before and after surgical treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王仲

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清糖类抗原-153 (CA153)、白细胞介素-8(IL-8)、基质金属蛋白酶-2(MMP-2)、基质金属蛋白酶-2组织抑制剂(TIMP-2)的含量及临床价值.方法 应用放射免疫分析法和酶联法对34例乳腺癌患者(观察组)进行手术治疗前后血清CA153、IL-8和MMP-2、TIMP-2水平的检测,并与35例正常对照组作比较.结果 观察组在手术前血清CA153、IL-8、MMP-2、TIMP-2均显著高于对照组(P<0.01);手术后3个月未复发的29例其血清CA153、IL-8和MMP-2、TIMP-2水平下降或接近正常,而复发的5例其血清水平又回升到手术前的水平(P<0.01);且血清CA153水平与IL-8、MMP-2 、TIMP-2测定显著相关(r=0.5784、0.4926、0.6011,P<0.01).结论 检测乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清CA153、IL-8、MMP-2、TIMP-2水平的变化可作为乳腺癌患者诊断和疗效观察的参数.

  15. Effect of psychological nursing on expression levels of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 in patients after breast cancer operation%心理护理对乳腺癌术后患者血清中TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8蛋白表达水平的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程光文

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察心理护理对乳腺癌术后患者血清中TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8蛋白表达水平的影响.方法:将70例乳腺癌患者随机分为常规护理组和心理护理组各35例,两组乳腺癌患者均于术后第1天采血及术后第7天采血;选择同期体检健康妇女20例作为正常对照组.采用ELISA方法检测血清中TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8的蛋白含量,采用实时荧光定量法检测TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8 mRNA的表达水平.结果:与术后第1天相比较,术后第7天常规护理组TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8的蛋白含量及mRNA的表达水平均降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),术后第7天心理护理组TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8的蛋白含量及mRNA的表达水平均明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);术后第7天常规护理组TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8的蛋白含量及mRNA的表达水平仍高于心理护理组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:心理护理能进一步降低乳腺癌患者血清中炎性因子的表达水平,从而增强患者免疫力及提高术后生活质量.

  16. 血清IL-8和sApo-1/Fas与乳腺癌患者临床病理学参数的关系%Correlationship between the Serum IL-8 and Soluble Apo-1/Fas and the Clinicopathological Parameters in Patient with Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑天郢; 王永刚; 张昕

    2005-01-01

    目的:探讨外周血IL-8和sFas在不同绝经状态、不同雌激素受体状态(ER)、不同转移情况的乳腺癌术后复发及转移患者中的表达及其临床意义.方法:采用酶联免疫双抗体夹心法检测94例乳腺癌术后复发及转移患者和30例正常人的血清IL-8和sFas水平,并比较它们与绝经状态、ER状态、不同转移情况的关系以及化疗对其影响.结果:1)乳腺癌患者血清IL-8及sFas水平明显高于正常人(P<0.05).2)血清IL-8与雌激素受体(ER)状态和骨转移关系密切:ER(-)者高于ER(+)者(P<0.05);有骨转移者高于局部复发及/或区域淋巴结转移(P<0.01)以及肝、肺转移者(P<0.05).3)血清sFas水平与绝经状态及肝、肺转移关系密切:绝经后患者高于绝经前患者(P<0.05);有肝、肺转移者高于局部复发及/或区域淋巴结转移(P<0.01)以及骨转移者(P<0.05).4)化疗后血清sFas水平较化疗前下降(P<0.05),而血清IL-8无明显变化.结论:血清IL-8和sFas水平与乳腺癌患者的生物学行为及预后有一定关系,值得进一步研究.

  17. Clinical Significance of Changes on Serum TGF-Ⅱ, IL-8 and TNF-α Levels in Patients with Acute Cerebral Infarction%ACI患者血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-8和TNF-α水平的变化及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱德义; 刘家喜

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical significance of changes on serum ICF- Ⅱ ,IL-8 and TNF-α levels in patients with a-cute cerebral infaction. Methods Serum IGF-Ⅱ ,IL-S and TNF-α levels were determined with radioimmunoassay(RIA)in 33 patients with acute cerebral infarction and 35 normal controls. ReslutS The serum IGF- Ⅱ ,IL-8 and TNF-α in patients with acute cerebral infarction were significantly higher than those in controls (P<0.01) , the serum IGF- Ⅱ levels were positive correlation with serum IL-8, TNF-a levels (r =0.5712, 0.6018, P<0.01 ). Conclusion Detection of changes of serum IGF- Ⅱ, IL-8and TNF-α levels can be help to assess the progress and prognosis of the disease, also such laboratory items offer to realise the pathosis and therapeutic effect possess definite clinical value.%目的:探讨急性脑梗死(ACI)患者血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-8和TNF-α水平的变化及临床意义.方法:采用放射免疫分析对33例ACI患者进行了血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-2和TNF-α检测,并与35名正常健康人作比较.结果:ACI患者血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-2和TNF-α水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.01),且血清IGF-Ⅱ水平与IL-8和TNF-α水平呈正相关(r=0.5712、0.6018,P<0.01).结论:检测ACI患者血清IGF-Ⅱ、IL-2和TNF-α水平变化,对观察疾病的预后和疗效具有确切的临床价值.

  18. The Study of BALF TNF-α,IL-6,IL-8,IL-10 Concentration in Critically Ill Pneumonia Mycoplasma Pneumonia Patients%重症肺炎支原体肺炎肺泡灌洗液中TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶新明; 钱克俭

    2010-01-01

    目的 检测重症肺炎支原体肺炎患者支气管肺泡灌洗液(bronchial tube pulmonary alveolus syringe fluid,BALF)中肿瘤坏死因子-α(Tumor necrosis factor-α,TNF-α)、白细胞介素-6(Interleukin-6,IL-6)、白细胞介素-8(Interleukin-8,IL-8)白细胞介素-10(Interleukin-10,IL-10)浓度,探讨其临床意义.方法 收住ICU的重症肺炎支原体肺炎患者36例,其CPIS评分>6分为CPIS高分组共15例,CPIS评分<6分为CPIS低分组共21例;正常对照组24例.取支气管肺泡灌洗液检测TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平.结果 重症肺炎支原体肺炎无论CPIS高分组和CPIS低分组支气管肺泡灌洗液中TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).2组治疗后恢复期TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平均明显下降(P<0.01).结论 TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10在重症肺炎的发生发展中起重要作用,是重症肺炎支原体肺炎诊断的重要因素之一.利用支气管肺泡灌洗液检测TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平变化对临床诊断治疗及预后有一定的临床价值.

  19. Chemokine-Releasing Nanoparticles for Manipulation of the Lymph Node Microenvironment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taissia G. Popova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Chemokines (CKs secreted by the host cells into surrounding tissue establish concentration gradients directing the migration of leukocytes. We propose an in vivo CK gradient remodeling approach based on sustained release of CKs by the crosslinked poly(N-isopropylacrylamide hydrogel open meshwork nano-particles (NPs containing internal crosslinked dye affinity baits for a reversible CK binding and release. The sustained release is based on a new principle of affinity off-rate tuning. The NPs with Cibacron Blue F3G-A and Reactive Blue-4 baits demonstrated a low-micromolar affinity binding to IL-8, MIP-2, and MCP-1 with a half-life of several hours at 37 °C. The capacity of NPs loaded with IL-8 and MIP-1α to increase neutrophil recruitment to lymph nodes (LNs was tested in mice after footpad injection. Fluorescently-labeled NPs used as tracers indicated the delivery into the sub-capsular compartment of draining LNs. The animals administered the CK-loaded NPs demonstrated a widening of the sub-capsular space and a strong LN influx of leukocytes, while mice injected with control NPs without CKs or bolus doses of soluble CKs alone showed only a marginal neutrophil response. This technology provides a new means to therapeutically direct or restore immune cell traffic, and can also be employed for simultaneous therapy delivery.

  20. Cytokines and Chemokines as Biomarkers of Community-Acquired Bacterial Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Holub

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Routinely used biomarkers of bacterial etiology of infection, such as C-reactive protein and procalcitonin, have limited usefulness for evaluation of infections since their expression is enhanced by a number of different conditions. Therefore, several inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were analyzed with sera from patients hospitalized for moderate bacterial and viral infectious diseases. In total, 57 subjects were enrolled: 21 patients with community-acquired bacterial infections, 26 patients with viral infections, and 10 healthy subjects (control cohorts. The laboratory analyses were performed using Luminex technology, and the following molecules were examined: IL-1Ra, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, INF-γ, MIP-1β, and MCP-1. Bacterial etiology of infection was associated with significantly (P<0.001 elevated serum concentrations of IL-1Ra, IL-2, IL-6, and TNF-α in comparison to levels observed in the sera of patients with viral infections. In the patients with bacterial infections, IL-1Ra and IL-8 demonstrated positive correlation with C-reactive protein, whereas, IL-1Ra, TNF-α, and MCP-1 correlated with procalcitonin. Furthermore, elevated levels of IL-1Ra, IL-6, and TNF-α decreased within 3 days of antibiotic therapy to levels observed in control subjects. The results show IL-1Ra as a potential useful biomarker of community-acquired bacterial infection.

  1. Inhibitory effect of chlorophyllin on the Propionibacterium acnes-induced chemokine expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Mi-Sun; Kim, Jin-Hee; Shin, Boo-Ahn; Lee, Hyun-Chul; Kim, Youn-Shin; Lim, Hae-Soon; Oh, Jong-Suk

    2013-12-01

    Chlorophyllin (CHL), a chlorophyll-derivative, exhibits several beneficial properties, including antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. However, its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities against Propionibacterium acnes have not been described. The antibacterial activity of this compound was evaluated in vitro using the broth microdilution method. CHL had an inhibitory effect on the growth of P. acnes (MIC = 100 μM). In a real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, CHL significantly decreased interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production in a dose-dependent manner, decreasing both mRNA and protein levels for these chemokines in THP-1 cells indicating the anti-inflammatory effects of it. To investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory properties of CHL in THP-1 cells stimulated by P. acnes, we used western blotting to analyze the effect of CHL on activation of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB. CHL inhibited P. acnes-induced IL-8 and MCP-1 production via blockade of NF-κB activation in THP-1 cells. Therefore, based on these results, we suggest that CHL is a useful agent to control the growth of P. acnes involved in acne inflammation and prevent acne.

  2. 雌激素与IL-6、IL-8在卵巢癌细胞中的调节作用%Regulation of estrogen, interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 in ovarian cancer cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王越; 杨洁; 高燕; 东莉洁; 姚智

    2008-01-01

    Objective To discover the reciprocal regulation and its molecular mechanism of estro-gen, IL-6 and IL-8 in ovarian cancer cells. Methods Based on our previous studies, the effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on the expression levels of IL-6, IL-8 and their respective receptors was investigated. Mean-while, the effect of IL-6/IL-8 on estrogen receptor (ER) expression and estrogen-dependent transcriptional activation was analyzed. Gene expression profile analysis revealed that CAOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells, which express ER, IL-6 and IL-8 receptors, were suitable models for this study. Results We found that E2 not only enhanced IL-6/IL-8 secretion via NF-κB signaling pathway, but also modulated IL-6 and IL-8 receptors expression. Tamoxifen (Txf), an ER antagonist, completely abolished E2-stimulated IL-6/IL-8 expression. On the other hand, in the absence of estrogen, both cytokines increased ERα expression, decreased ERβ ex-pression, and activated estrogen-dependent transcriptional activation, which was completely blocked by Txf. Pretreatment of OVCAR-3 with p38 MAPK, MEK1/2 or ErbB2 MAPK inhihitors, respectively, IL-6-media-ted ER activation was blocked, while IL-8-indueed ER activation was blocked by Src inhibitor. Conclusion These data suggest that estrogen, IL-6 and IL-8 may form a mutual amplifying signaling which contributes to the growth and development of ovarian carcinoma.%目的 探讨雌激素与IL-6、IL-8在卵巢癌细胞中的交互调节作用及作用机制.方法 选择兼有雌激素受体(estrogen receptor,ER)及IL-6、IL-8受体表达的卵巢癌细胞系CAOV-3和OVCAR-3作为研究模型,分别探讨17B-雌二醇(estradiol,E2)对IL-6、IL-8及其受体表达的作用以及IL-6、IL-8对EB表达及ER转录活性的作用.结果 一方面E2不仅可经NF-κB途径促进卵巢癌细胞IL-6、IL-8分泌,而且还对二者受体的表达具有一定的调节作用.E2诱导的促IL-6、IL-8分泌作用可被其受体阻断剂他莫昔芬(tamoxifen,Txf)完

  3. Reactive oxygen species and chemokines:Are they elevated in the esophageal mucosa of children with gastroesophageal reflux disease?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Engin Tutar; Deniz Ertem; Goksenin Unluguzel; Sevda Tanrikulu; Goncagul Haklar; Cigdem Celikel; Evin Ademoglu; Ender Pehlivanoglu

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To determine the role of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in childhood reflux esophagitis.METHODS:A total of 59 subjects who had complaints suggesting GERD underwent esophagogastroduoden oscopy.Endoscopic and histopathologic diagnosis of reflux esophagitis was established by Savary-Miller and Vandenplas grading systems,respectively.Esophageal biopsy specimens were taken from the esophagus 20% proximal above the esophagogastric junction for conventional histopathological examination and the measurements of ROS and cytokine levels.ROS were measured by chemiluminescence,whereas IL-8 and MCP-1 levels were determined with quantitative immunometric ELISA on esophageal tissue.Esophageal tissue ROS,IL-8 and MCP-1 levels were compared among groups with and without endoscopic/histopathologic esophagitis.RESULTS:Of 59 patients 28 (47.5%) had normal esophagus whereas 31 (52.5%) had endoscopic esophagitis.In histopathological evaluation,almost 73% of the cases had mild and 6.8% had moderate degree of esophagitis.When ROS and chemokine levels were compared among groups with and without endoscopic esophagitis,statistical difference could not be found between patients with and without esophagitis.Although the levels of ROS,IL-8 and ICP-1 were found to be higher in the group with histopathological reflux esophagitis,this difference was not statistically significant.CONCLUSION:These results suggest that the grade of esophagitis is usually mild or moderate during childhood and factors apart from ROS,IL-8 and MCP-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis in children.

  4. Classical swine fever virus infection modulates serum levels of INF-α, IL-8 and TNF-α in 6-month-old pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Rosen, T; Lohse, L; Nielsen, J; Uttenthal, Å

    2013-12-01

    Several studies have highlighted the important role of cytokines in disease development of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) infection. In the present study, we examined the kinetics of 7 porcine cytokines in serum from pigs infected with 3 different CSFV strains. Based on the clinical picture in 6-month-old Danish pigs, the strains used for inoculation were classified as being of low (Bergen), low to moderate (Eystrup) and moderate to high (Lithuania) virulence. The cytokines interferon-alpha (INF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) showed increased levels after CSFV infection with more or less comparable course in the 3 groups. However, the cytokine level peaked with a 2-3 days delay in pigs infected with the low virulent strain compared to those infected with a moderately or highly virulent strain. These findings may indicate that INF-α, IL-8 and TNF-α are involved in the immune response during CSFV infection with strains of different virulence.

  5. In vitro exposure to isoprene-derived secondary organic aerosol by direct deposition and its effects on COX-2 and IL-8 gene expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arashiro, Maiko; Lin, Ying-Hsuan; Sexton, Kenneth G.; Zhang, Zhenfa; Jaspers, Ilona; Fry, Rebecca C.; Vizuete, William G.; Gold, Avram; Surratt, Jason D.

    2016-11-01

    Atmospheric oxidation of isoprene, the most abundant non-methane hydrocarbon emitted into Earth's atmosphere primarily from terrestrial vegetation, is now recognized as a major contributor to the global secondary organic aerosol (SOA) burden. Anthropogenic pollutants significantly enhance isoprene SOA formation through acid-catalyzed heterogeneous chemistry of epoxide products. Since isoprene SOA formation as a source of fine aerosol is a relatively recent discovery, research is lacking on evaluating its potential adverse effects on human health. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of isoprene-derived SOA on inflammation-associated gene expression in human lung cells using a direct deposition exposure method. We assessed altered expression of inflammation-related genes in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) exposed to isoprene-derived SOA generated in an outdoor chamber facility. Measurements of gene expression of known inflammatory biomarkers interleukin 8 (IL-8) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in exposed cells, together with complementary chemical measurements, showed that a dose of 0.067 µg cm-2 of SOA from isoprene photooxidation leads to statistically significant increases in IL-8 and COX-2 mRNA levels. Resuspension exposures using aerosol filter extracts corroborated these findings, supporting the conclusion that isoprene-derived SOA constituents induce the observed changes in mRNA levels. The present study is an attempt to examine the early biological responses of isoprene SOA exposure in human lung cells.

  6. Uncaria tomentosa alkaloidal fraction reduces paracellular permeability, IL-8 and NS1 production on human microvascular endothelial cells infected with dengue virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima-Junior, Raimundo Sousa; Mello, Cintia da Silva; Siani, Antonio Carlos; Valente, Ligia M Marino; Kubelka, Claire Fernandes

    2013-11-01

    Dengue is the major Arbovirus in the world, annually causing morbidity and death. Severe dengue is associated with changes in the endothelial barrier function due to the production of inflammatory mediators by immune cells and by the endothelium. Dengue virus (DENV) replicates efficiently in human endothelial cells in vitro and elicits immune responses resulting in endothelial permeability. Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC.(Rubiaceae), known as cat's claw, has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of a wide-array of symptoms, and several scientific studies reported its antiviral, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Here we infected a human lineage of dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) with DENV-2 and treated it with an alkaloidal fraction from U. tomentosa bark (AFUT). We showed antiviral and immunomodulatory activities of U. tomentosa by determining the NS1 antigen and IL-8 in supernatant of DENV-2 infected HMEC-1. Furthermore, by measurement of transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) we demonstrated, for the first time, that a plant derivative contributed to the reduction of paracellular permeability in DENV-2 infected HMEC-1. We also showed that IL-8 contributed significantly to the induction of permeability. Although further investigations should be conducted before a new drug can be suggested, our in vitro data support evidence that AFUT could be potentially useful in developing a treatment for severe dengue.

  7. Sterile trauma to normal human dermis invariably induces IL1beta, IL6 and IL8 in an innate response to "danger".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sjögren, Florence; Anderson, Chris

    2009-01-01

    Microdialysis allows the study of the local production and temporal resolution of cytokines in living skin. Samples were taken from the normal skin of 10 healthy subjects for 24-28 h after insertion of a concentric microdialysis catheter, and analysed with a Luminex bead-based assay. Interleukin-1 beta (IL1b), IL6 and IL8 were seen in all subjects at all time-points after the first hour. Levels peaked at 5-8 h, equilibrating to lower levels at 24 h. Immunohistological double staining for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR and intracellular cytokines on biopsies taken after catheter removal showed many stained cells in the dermis, in contrast to the few cells stained in the epidermis. This study demonstrates the reactive capability of the dermis when provoked separately from the epidermis. The production of IL1b, IL6 and IL8 occurs invariably in what can be termed an innate, dermal response to "danger"; in this case in the form of sterile needle trauma.

  8. Blood Serum Levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α and IL-1β in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jacek Rysz; Maciej Banach; Aleksandra Cialkowska-Rysz; Robert Stolarek; Marcin Barylski; Jaroslaw Drozdz; Piotr Okonski

    2006-01-01

    Cytokines are essential mediators of immune response and inflammatory reactions. Patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) commonly present with abnormalities of immune function related with impaired kidney function and the accumulation of uremic toxins in addition to bioincompatibility of dialyzer membranes. During a hemodialysis (HD) session, cytokines are released mainly by monocytes activated by endotoxin-type compounds in dialyzer fluid,complement factors and direct contact with dialyzer membrane. The study included 15 CRF patients, aged 36.4 ± 2.9 years, on regular HD maintenance therapy for mean 68 ± 10 months and 15 healthy controls. It was designed to assess serum levels of a panel of inflammatory cytokines: IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in CRF patients on regular maintenance HD before, 20, 60 and 240 minutes of a single HD session in parallel with C-reactive protein (CRP) as an additional parameter. CRP concentration was increased in HD patients when compared with healthy controls. The concentrations of IL-1, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α were increased, whereas the serum level of IL-2 was not altered during a single HD session.

  9. Detection of serum levels of IL-8,IL-10 and IL-13 in neonates with bacterial infection%新生儿细菌感染时IL-8 IL-10 IL-13水平的研究及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建幸; 张永红; 沈铮; 李玉峰; 陈菲; 朱晓东

    2004-01-01

    目的新生儿因处于暂时性的免疫功能低下的状态而容易发生感染性疾病,也是新生儿发病和死亡的重要原因.寻找指标以早期诊断新生儿感染性疾病是临床和研究的重点之一.本研究探讨血清IL-8、IL-10、IL-13水平在新生儿细菌感染的早期诊断和疗效判断中的意义.方法用ELISA测定3组血清各细胞因子的水平.感染组:21例细菌感染的足月新生儿.非感染组:20例非感染性疾病的足月新生儿.脐血组:30例正常足月新生儿.结果感染组IL-8、IL-10和IL-13水平(87.0±82.6,35.1±34.8,23.2±46.2 pg/ml)较非感染组升高(56.6±13.2,21.6±12.9,12.0±32.3 pg/ml)(P<0.05);感染组治疗后IL-8和IL-10水平(51.2±3.1,18.5±3.3 pg/ml)较治疗前下降(P<0.05);非感染组IL-13较脐血组(1.2±0.3 pg/ml)显著升高(P<0.05),IL-8、IL-10在两组间无区别.结论新生儿细菌感染时血清IL-8、IL-10和IL-13显著升高,可做为新生儿细菌感染的参考标志物,而IL-8和IL-10的变化有助于评估新生儿感染的治疗效果.%Objective Neonates are susceptible to infectious diseases and are associated with high mortality due to transient low immunity. This study aims to assess the significance of serum levels of IL-8, IL-10 and IL-13 in early diagnosis and therapy of neonatal infectious diseases in term neonates. Methods Three groups were studied: 1) an Infected group consisting of 21 term neonates with proven bacterial infection; 2) a Non-infected group consisting of 20 sick but non-infected term neonates; and 3) a Umbilical blood group consisting of 30 healthy term neonates from whom umbilical vein blood was obtained immediately after birth. Serum levels of IL-8, IL-10 and IL-13 were examined using enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. Results The serum levels of IL-8, IL-10 and IL-13 were significantly higher in the Infected group (87.0±82.6, 35.1±34.8 and 23.2±46.2 pg/ml) compared with Non-infected group (56.6±13.2, 21.6±12.9 and 12.0±32

  10. Analysis of relationship between 1633C/T polymorphism of IL-8 gene and late-onset Alzheimer's disease%IL-8基因1633C/T多态性与迟发性阿尔茨海默病关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺飞燕; 刘梅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene 1633C/T polymorphism and late-onset Alzheimer's disease in order to provide genetic reference data for late-onset Alzheimer's disease.Methods Polymorphism distribution of IL-8 gene 1633C/T in 80 LOAD and 80 normal controls were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCRRFLP) analysis.The alleles and gene frequencies type were calculated by the direct counting.Type of gene was proceeded with the Hardy-Weinberg balance estimate.The other statistical analyses were carried out with SPSS13.0 software.The genotype frequencies and allele frequencies were compared with the Chisquare test (x2 test).Results For IL-8 gene1633 C/T,the genotype frequencies (CC,20.0% ; CT,41.2% ; TT,38.8%) in the LOAD group were not significantly different from those (CC,11.3% ; CT,40.0% ; TT,48.7%) in the control group (P > 0.05).Conclusions IL-8 gene 1633 C/T polymorphism is probably not related to the genetic susceptibility of late-onset Alzheimer's disease.%目的 探讨白细胞介素-8(IL-8)基因1633 C/T多态性与新疆汉族迟发性阿尔茨海默病(LOAD)遗传易感性的关系,为迟发性阿尔茨海默病(LOAD)遗传病因研究提供参考依据.方法 采用聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)方法检测80例LOAD患者与80例正常人的IL-8基因1633 C/T多态性的分布情况;采用直接计数法计算等位基因及基因型频率,对基因型进行Hardy-Weinberg平衡估计,其他统计分析用SPSS 13.0软件完成,基因型频率及等位基因频率比较采用x2检验.结果 在IL-8基因1633C/T中LOAD组CC基因型频率为20.0%、CT基因型频率为41.2%、TT基因型频率为38.8%,对照组CC、CT、TT基因型频率分别为11.3%,40.0%,48.7%,两组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 IL-8基因1633 C/T多态性可能与迟发性阿尔茨海默病易感性不相关.

  11. 参麦注射液对急性肺挫伤患者TNF-α、IL-6和IL-8的影响%Effects of Shenmai injection on TNF-α、 IL-6 and IL-8 in patients with acute pulmonary contusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨剑虹; 陈晓娟; 唐忠志

    2011-01-01

    目的 观察参麦注射液对急性肺挫伤患者炎性细胞因子肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白细胞介素-6(IL-6)、白细胞介素-8(IL-8)的影响.方法 选择70例急性肺挫伤患者,随机分为对照组和治疗组,各35例.两组均给予常规西医治疗,治疗组在此基础上加用参麦注射液治疗,两组疗程均为7 d.观察急性肺挫伤患者平均住院时间、肺部感染率、急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ARDS)发生率,比较两组患者血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8变化情况.结果 治疗组患者平均住院时间、肺部感染率、ARDS发生率均较对照组明显降低(P均<0.05=;治疗7 d 后,治疗组患者血清TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8水平较对照组有明显降低(P<0.05或P<0.01=.结论 参麦注射液能显著减少急性肺挫伤患者炎性细胞因子TNF-α、IL-6、IL-8的产生,抑制炎症反应.%Objective To observe the effects of shenmai injection on tumor necrosis factor-a(TNF-α) 、Interleukin-6( IL-6 ) and Interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels in patients with acute pulmonary contusion. Methods 70 patients with acute pulmonary contusion were randomly divided into routine treatment group ( n = 35) and shenmai injection treatment group ( n = 35 ). Both groups were given routine treatment, while the patients of shenmai injection treatment group were given shenmai injection in addition, for 7 day. Average stay, incidence of pulmonary infection and respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients with acute pulmonary contusion were observed. The changes of serum TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 levels were compared in both groups. Results The average stay, incidence of pulmonary infection and ARDS ( P < 0.05 ) in shenmai injection treatment group were significantly decreased, the serum TNF-α、 IL-6 and IL-8 levels in shenmai injection treatment group were lower than those in routine treatment group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05 ) after 7 day. Conclusion shenmai injection can significantly reduce the production of

  12. 分娩镇痛后产妇血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的变化%Effect of analgesia with continued epidural block on the serum IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in parturients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    修玉芳; 黄东林; 王颖; 肖龙

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察罗哌卡因连续硬膜外阻滞进行分娩镇痛对产妇血清中IL-6、IL-8、IL-10的影响.方法:将200例产妇随机分为观察组和对照组各100例.观察组在宫口开至2 ~3 cm时,开始采用连续硬膜外阻滞进行分娩镇痛;对照组按产科常规处理.观察两组产妇分娩镇痛前30 min、分娩镇痛后2h、分娩后24 h、48 h和72 h等5个时点的IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平的变化.结果:两组产妇分娩镇痛后血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10水平与分娩镇痛前比较均有升高(P<0.01),且多在分娩后24 h达峰值,对照组较观察组升高更为明显(P<0.05).结论:罗哌卡因连续硬膜外阻滞进行分娩镇痛可有效降低产妇分娩后炎性应激反应.%Objective:To observe the effect of labor analgesia with continued epidural block on the serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 in parturients.Methods:Two hundreds of labor women were divided into two groups with 100 cases each group.One hundred parturients were selected as labor analgesia group (group I) and the others were as nature delivery group without analgesia (group II).Analgesia was used when utero-cervical was opened to 2 ~ 3 cm.The levels of serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 were observed at five time points:before labor analgesia,at 2 h after the labor analgesia,at 24,48,72 h after delivery.Results:The levels of serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 were increased significantly after labor analgesia,reached at peak values at 24 h (P < 0.05),and then gradually declined but still higher than the baseline values.The serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 were significantly higher at 2 and 24 h in group Ⅱ than those in group I (P < 0.05).Conclusion:Labor analgesia with continued epidural block is safe and effective.Epidural analgesia can reduce the level of serum IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 and inflammatory response during delivery.

  13. 乌司他丁对重症急性胰腺炎大鼠IL-8及TNF-α的影响%Effects of Ulinastatin on the Expressions of IL-8 and TNF-α in Rats with Severe Acute Pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董桂军; 田广平; 尹学永; 马林升

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of ulinastatin on the expressions of IL-8 and TNF-α in rats with severe acute pancreatitis.Methods Ninety healthy male SD rats were divided into three groups:blank control group (30 rats),SAP group (30 rats) and ulinastatin treatment group (30 rats).Each group was divided into three subgroups:6h group,12h group and 24h group.SAP model was established by injecting 5% sodiumtauro cholate via retrograde bile and pancreaticduct.The treatment groups were injected with ulinastatin via hepatic portal vein.The blank control group and SAP group was injected with physiological saline.Pathological changes were performed with the aid of hematoxylin-eosin staining.Detect the changes of serum amylase,IL-8 and TNF-α in different groups.Results Compared to the SAP group,the rats in ulinastatin treatment group had a lower pathological damage,the level of serum amylase,IL-8 and TNF-αwere significantly decreased in ulinastatin treatment groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Ulinastatin can ameliorate the pathological damage in rats of SAP.The effect of ulinastatin on SAP may be related to decreasing the expressions of IL-8 and TNF-α.%目的 探讨乌司他丁对重症急性胰腺炎(SAP)大鼠IL-8及TNF-α表达的影响.方法 90只清洁级健康雄性SD大鼠随机分为3组:正常对照组、SAP模型组、乌司他丁治疗组,每组各30只.各组分为第6h、12h和24h三个亚组,每个亚组10只.利用5%牛磺胆酸钠逆行注射建立SAP模型.治疗组大鼠给予门静脉注射乌司他丁,正常对照组及模型组注射等量生理盐水.采用HE染色方法观察病理改变,并检测血清淀粉酶、IL-8及TNF-α的水平.结果 乌司他丁治疗组与SAP模型组比较,胰腺病理学改变明显减轻,血清淀粉酶、IL-8及TNF-α的表达水平明显降低(P<0.05).结论 乌司他丁可以减轻SAP大鼠胰腺的病理改变,其作用可能与下调IL-8及TNF-α的表达有关.

  14. Change of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 ,TNF-α, IL-10 in cerebrospinal fluid after brain injury and its clinical significance%脑外伤患者脑脊液IL-1β、IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α、IL-10水平变化及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕丽霞; 张玲; 韩媛; 张国栋; 李巍; 杨萍; 张飚

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨脑外伤时不同时期脑脊液IL-1β、IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α、IL-10的水平变化及临床意义.方法 选择48例脑外伤患者,其中重型26例、轻型22例;高颅内压25例、低颅内压23例.分别留取伤后12、24、36、72 h的脑脊液标本,采用酶联免疫吸附法检测伤后各时间点脑脊液IL-1β、IL-6、IL-8、TNF-α、IL-10水平.另取查体健康者28例为对照组.结果 与对照组相比,脑外伤患者脑脊液中IL-6、IL-1β、TNF-α、IL-8和IL-10水平均显著增高(P均<0.01).脑外伤重型组脑脊液IL-6、IL-1β、TNF-α和IL-8峰值水平高于与轻型组(P均<0.01);高颅内压组脑脊液中IL-1β峰值水平高于低颅内压组(P<0.01).结论 脑外伤后脑脊液炎性细胞因子水平升高,可作为预测脑损伤严重程度的指标.%Objective To investigate the concentration change of the inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 β,IL-6,IL-8,TNF-α,IL-10) in cerebrospinal fluid at different periods of time after traumatic brain injury.Methodds In this study,48 patients with traumatic brain injury were enrolled,the cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected in 12 h,24 h,36 h and 72 h after traumatic brain injury,the concentration of the inflammatory cytokines were detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results Compared with that in control group,there were significantly increased concentrations of IL-1 β,IL-6,IL-8,TNF-α,IL-10 in patients with traumatic brain injury(all P < 0.01).Peak concentrations of IL-6,IL-1 β,TNF-α and IL-8 of cerebrospinal fluid in patients with severe brain injury were significantly higher than those in patients with mild brain injury(all P < 0.01).Peak concentration of IL-1 β in patients with high intracranial pressure was higher than that in patients with low intracranial pressure(P <0.01).Conclusion The levels of IL-1 β,IL-6,IL-8,TNF-α and IL-10 increase after the traumatic brain injury,which may be one of the probable biomarkers for the severity

  15. 脑胶质瘤患者血清IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α的表达及临床意义%The Expression of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and TNF-α in Serum of Glioma and Clinical Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春生; 张朋军

    2013-01-01

    [Purpose] To explore the diagnostic value of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) for glioma. [Materials and methods] The content of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and TNF-α in the healthy control group, the low-grade gliomas group and the high-grade gliomas group were detected by Luminex 200. [Results] Compared to the healthy control group, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in the low-grade gliomas group showed significantly different, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and TNF-α in the high-level group of glioma showed significantly different. Compared to the low-grade gliomas Group, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in the high-grade gliomas showed significantly different. When we discriminated the low-grade gliomas and high-grade gliomas, the best indicators was IL-10, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 74.90% and 65.80%, respectively. When the IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α were combined, the sensitivity and specificity were 92.30% and 93.10%, respectively. [Conclusion] IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α joint diagnostic value showed significant improvedment when compared to the individual indicators. It may provide a auxiliary method for brain the clinical diagnosis of glioma.%  [目的]探讨血清中白介素6(IL-6)、IL-8、IL-10和肿瘤坏死因子(TNF-α)对于脑胶质瘤的诊断价值。[材料与方法]分别检测健康对照组、低级别脑胶质瘤组和高级别脑胶质瘤组中IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α的含量。[结果]与健康对照组比较,低级别脑胶质瘤组的IL-6、IL-8和TNF-α有统计学差异,高级别脑胶质瘤组的IL-6、IL-8、IL-10和TNF-α均具有统计学差异。与低级别脑胶质瘤组相比较,高级别脑胶质瘤组的IL-6、IL-10和TNF-α有统计学差异。其中区分低级别脑胶质瘤和高级别脑胶质瘤的诊断价值最好的指标为IL-10,其诊断灵敏性和特异性分别为74.90%和65.80%。IL-6、IL-10和TNF-α联合检测时其灵敏性和特异性分别为92.30%和93.10%

  16. 过敏性哮喘患者外周血IL-2、IL-4、IL-6和IL-8水平的变化%Change of the Level of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-8 of Irritability Asthma Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱华; 李全新

    2000-01-01

    为了观察白细胞介素在哮喘发病中的作用,该文分别对哮喘发作期20例 ,缓解期12例患者及正常对照组10例进行了血清IL-2、IL-4、IL-6和IL-8的测定,结果发现 ,发作期患者血清IL-2水平下降,而IL-4、IL-6和IL-8水平均增高,缓解期均恢复至正常水平.提示这些细胞因子在哮喘发病过程中起着重要作用.

  17. 奥硝唑治疗滴虫性阴道炎的疗效及细胞因子IL-2、IL-8和IL-13的变化%Clinical efficacy of ornidazole for treatment of trichomonas vaginitis and the changes of IL-2, IL-8, and IL-13

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛义贵

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To study the clinical efficacy of ornidazole for treatment of trichomonas vaginitis and the effect on interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-8, and IL - 13 in vaginal secretions before and after treatment. Methods; The patients with trichomonas vaginitis were divided into observation group and control group according to the sequence of on admission, 70 patients in each group, the patients in observation group were treated with ornidazole and the patients in control group were treated with metronidazole; the curative effects in the two groups were evaluated, and the changes of IL ?2, IL-8, and IL ?13 levels in vaginal lavage fluid before and after treatment were detected. Results: The curative effect in observation group at seven days after treatment was superior to that in control group, the total effective rates in the two groups were 94. 28% and 85. 71% , respectively, there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (P< 0. 05 ) . After treatment, the levels of IL - 2, IL - 8 , and IL - 13 in vaginal lavage fluid in the two groups decreased, the decreasing amplitude in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group. Conclusion; The curative effect of ornidazole for treatment of trichomonas vaginitis is dominant. Ornidazole can reduce the levels of IL - 2, IL - 8 , and IL - 13 in vaginal secretions effectively and improve vaginal microenvironment, which can be used for clinical treatment extensively.%目的:研究奥硝唑治疗滴虫性阴道炎的疗效及其对治疗前后患者阴道分泌物中细胞因子IL-2、IL-8和IL-13的影响.方法:将滴虫性阴道炎患者按就诊顺序分为观察组和对照组各70例,观察组使用奥硝唑治疗,对照组使用甲硝唑治疗,评价治疗的效果并检测治疗前后阴道灌洗液中IL-2、IL-8和IL-13的变化.结果:服药7天后,观察组的治疗效果优于对照组,总有效率分别为94.28%和85.71%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).两组患者治

  18. Interaction of chemokines with their receptors--from initial chemokine binding to receptor activating steps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thiele, Stefanie; Rosenkilde, Mette Marie

    2014-01-01

    interactions possibly occur, resulting in a multi-step process, as recently proposed for other 7TM receptors. Overall, the N-terminus of chemokine receptors is pivotal for binding of all chemokines. During receptor activation, differences between the two major chemokine subgroups occur, as CC-chemokines mainly......The human chemokine system comprises 19 seven-transmembrane helix (7TM) receptors and 45 endogenous chemokines that often interact with each other in a promiscuous manner. Due to the chemokine system's primary function in leukocyte migration, it has a central role in immune homeostasis...... and surveillance. Chemokines are a group of 8-12 kDa large peptides with a secondary structure consisting of a flexible N-terminus and a core-domain usually stabilized by two conserved disulfide bridges. They mainly interact with the extracellular domains of their cognate 7TM receptors. Affinityand activity...

  19. Assessment of bone metastasis of breast cancer by radionuclide bone scan combined with CA15-3,CA50 and IL-8 on%放射性核素骨显像联合血清CA15-3、CA50、IL-8评价乳腺癌骨转移的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋炳辰; 张雪辉; 高永旺; 陈方旎; 肖国有; 姚少红

    2013-01-01

    目的 评价血清CA15-3 、CA50、IL-8联合放射性核素骨显像对乳腺癌患者骨转移诊断的临床意义.方法 利用SPECT/CT对乳腺癌患者进行骨骼放射性核素骨显像,应用化学发光法和放射免疫法对84例乳腺癌患者(均为女性)进行血清CA15-3、CA50、IL-8含量检测,并与34名正常人(均为女性)进行相关对比分析.结果 乳腺癌患者骨转移的血清CA15-3、CA50、IL-8含量水平明显高于正常人组(P<0.01),乳腺癌骨转移组灶数>2个的肿瘤标志物水平明显高于灶数≤2个的肿瘤标志物水平(P<0.01).结论 在进行放射性SPECT/CT显像同时,进行血清CA15-3、CA50和IL-8的检测,能够尽早发现乳腺癌骨转移.

  20. 体外循环手术患者血浆IL-8、IL-10、TNF-α的检测及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李郝; 江华; 郑颖

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解体外循环手术对患者血浆中IL-8、IL-10、TNF-α含量的影响.方法 用ELISA方法测定心脏瓣膜置换术前后患者血浆中IL-8、IL-10、TNF-α的浓度,并进行比较.结果 血浆IL-8、TNF-α、IL-10在体外循环开始后增高,P<0.01.结论 CPB可引起细胞因子释放增加,IL-8、TNF-α、IL-10等细胞因子直接参与了整个炎性反应过程.

  1. Soluble M3 proteins of murine gammaherpesviruses 68 and 72 expressed in Escherichia coli: analysis of chemokine-binding properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matúšková, R; Pančík, P; Štibrániová, I; Belvončíková, P; Režuchová, I; Kúdelová, M

    2015-12-01

    M3 protein of murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) was identified as a viral chemokine-binding protein 3 (vCKBP-3) capable to bind a broad spectrum of chemokines and their receptors. During both acute and latent infection MHV-68 M3 protein provides a selective advantage for the virus by inhibiting the antiviral and inflammatory response. A unique mutation Asp307Gly was identified in the M3 protein of murine gammaherpesvirus 72 (MHV-72), localized near chemokine-binding domain. Study on chemokine-binding properties of MHV-72 M3 protein purified from medium of infected cells implied reduced binding to some chemokines when compared to MHV-68 M3 protein. It was suggested that the mutation in the M3 protein might be involved in the attenuation of immune response to infection with MHV-72. Recently, Escherichia coli cells were used to prepare native recombinant M3 proteins of murine gammaherpesviruses 68 and 72 (Pančík et al., 2013). In this study, we assessed the chemokine-binding properties of three M3 proteins prepared in E. coli Rosetta-gami 2 (DE3) cells, the full length M3 protein of both MHV-68 and MHV-72 and MHV-68 M3 protein truncated in the signal sequence (the first 24 aa). They all displayed binding activity to human chemokines CCL5 (RANTES), CXCL8 (IL-8), and CCL3 (MIP-1α). The truncated MHV-68 M3 protein had more than twenty times reduced binding activity to CCL5, but only about five and three times reduced binding to CXCL8 and CCL3 when compared to its full length counterpart. Binding of the full length MHV-72 M3 protein to all chemokines was reduced when compared to MHV-68 M3 protein. Its binding to CCL5 and CCL3 was reduced over ten and seven times. However, its binding to CXCL8 was only slightly reduced (64.8 vs 91.8%). These data implied the significance of the signal sequence and also of a single mutation (at aa 307) for efficient M3 protein binding to some chemokines.

  2. Chemokine Systems Link Obesity to Insulin Resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsuguhito Ota

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Obesity is a state of chronic low-grade systemic inflammation. This chronic inflammation is deeply involved in insulin resistance, which is the underlying condition of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. A significant advance in our understanding of obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance has been recognition of the critical role of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs. Chemokines are small proteins that direct the trafficking of immune cells to sites of inflammation. In addition, chemokines activate the production and secretion of inflammatory cytokines through specific G protein-coupled receptors. ATM accumulation through C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 and its ligand monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 is considered pivotal in the development of insulin resistance. However, chemokine systems appear to exhibit a high degree of functional redundancy. Currently, more than 50 chemokines and 18 chemokine receptors exhibiting various physiological and pathological properties have been discovered. Therefore, additional, unidentified chemokine/chemokine receptor pathways that may play significant roles in ATM recruitment and insulin sensitivity remain to be fully identified. This review focuses on some of the latest findings on chemokine systems linking obesity to inflammation and subsequent development of insulin resistance.

  3. A Study of Relationship between Polymorphisms of Interleukin-8 and Risk of Breast Cancer in Chinese Population%IL-8基因多态性与中国人群乳腺癌关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继永; 翟祥军; 靳光付; 胡志斌; 马红霞; 钮菊英; 徐耀初; 沈洪兵

    2007-01-01

    [目的]研究IL-8(Interleukin-8)基因-251、IL-8RA+860位点基因多态性与乳腺癌发生的关系.[方法]用PCR-RFLP分析方法检测647名健康对照人群和426例乳腺癌患者的IL-8基因多态性.用Logistic回归模型计算各种基因型的乳腺癌风险(OR)及其95%可信区间.[结果]乳腺癌患者的IL-8-251AA基因型携带者患乳腺癌的风险比IL-8-251TT基因型降低了16%(OR=0.84,95%CI=0.58~1.23),而携带IL-8RA+860GC/CC基因型可以增加乳腺癌发病风险28%(OR=1.28,95%CI=0.91~1.78),但两者联系均未达到统计学显著性水平.[结论]IL-8-251和IL-8RA+860位点等位基因多态性可能与我国女性人群乳腺癌的发生存在一定的联系,值得进一步研究.

  4. Differential structural remodelling of heparan sulfate by chemokines: the role of chemokine oligomerization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliorini, Elisa; Salanga, Catherina L.; Thakar, Dhruv

    2017-01-01

    Chemokines control the migration of cells in normal physiological processes and in the context of disease such as inflammation, autoimmunity and cancer. Two major interactions are involved: (i) binding of chemokines to chemokine receptors, which activates the cellular machinery required for movement; and (ii) binding of chemokines to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which facilitates the organization of chemokines into haptotactic gradients that direct cell movement. Chemokines can bind and activate their receptors as monomers; however, the ability to oligomerize is critical for the function of many chemokines in vivo. Chemokine oligomerization is thought to enhance their affinity for GAGs, and here we show that it significantly affects the ability of chemokines to accumulate on and be retained by heparan sulfate (HS). We also demonstrate that several chemokines differentially rigidify and cross-link HS, thereby affecting HS rigidity and mobility, and that HS cross-linking is significantly enhanced by chemokine oligomerization. These findings suggest that chemokine–GAG interactions may play more diverse biological roles than the traditional paradigms of physical immobilization and establishment of chemokine gradients; we hypothesize that they may promote receptor-independent events such as physical re-organization of the endothelial glycocalyx and extracellular matrix, as well as signalling through proteoglycans to facilitate leukocyte adhesion and transmigration. PMID:28123055

  5. Differential gene expression during capillary morphogenesis in a microcarrier-based three-dimensional in vitro model of angiogenesis with focus on chemokines and chemokine receptors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xi-Tai Sun; Min-Yue Zhang; Chang Shu; Qiang Li; Xiao-Gui Yan; Ni Cheng; Yu-Dong Qiu; Yi-Tao Ding

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To globally compare the gene expression profiles during the capillary morphogenesis of human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) in an in vitro angiogenesis system with affymetrix oligonucleotide array.METHODS: A microcarrier-based in vitro angiogenesis system was developed, in which ECs migrated into the matrix,proliferated, and formed capillary sprouts. The sprouts elongated, branched and formed networks. The total RNA samples from the HMVECs at the selected time points (0.5,24, and 72 h) during the capillary morphogenesis were used for microarray analyses, and the data were processed with the softwares provided by the manufacturers. The expression patterns of some genes were validated and confirmed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The regulated genes were grouped based on their molecular functions and expression patterns, and among them the expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors was specially examined and their functional implications were analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 1 961 genes were up- or downregulated two-folds or above, and among them, 468 genes were up- or down-regulated three-folds or above. The regulated genes could be grouped into categories based on their molecular functions, and were also clustered into six groups based on their patterns of expression. As for chemokines and chemokine receptors, CXCL1/GRO-α,CXCL2/GRO-β, CXCLS/ENA-78, CXCL6/GCP2, IL-8/CXCL8,CXCL12/SDF-1, CXCL9/Mig, CXC11/ITAC, CX3CL1/fractalkine,CCL2/MCP-1, CCL3, CCLS/RANTES, CCL7, CCL15, CCL21,CCL23, CCL28, and CCR1, CCR9, CXCR4 were identified.Moreover, these genes demonstrated different changing patterns during the capillary morphogenesis, which implied that they might have different roles in the sequential process. Among the chemokines identified, CCL2/MCP-1,CCL5/RANTES and CX3CL1 were specially up-regulated at the 24-h time point when the sprouting characterized the morphological change. It was thus suggested that they might exert crucial roles at the early stage

  6. T. vaginalis Infection Is Associated with Increased IL-8 and TNFr1 Levels but with the Absence of CD38 and HLADR Activation in the Cervix of ESN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olamide D Jarrett

    Full Text Available Trichomonas vaginalis infection is associated with an increased risk of HIV infection in exposed-seronegative women (ESN despite their unique immune quiescent profile. It is important to understand possible mechanisms, such as recruitment of activated T cells, by which T. vaginalis could facilitate HIV infection in this population.We conducted a cross-sectional study exploring the relationships between T. vaginalis infection, inflammatory markers and T cell activation in the cervix of ESN. During scheduled study visits, participants completed a behavioral questionnaire and physical exam, including sexually transmitted infection (STI screening and collection of endocervical sponge and cytobrush specimens. T cell and monocyte phenotypes were measured in cervical cytobrush specimens using multi-parameter flow cytometry. Cervical sponge specimens were used to measure cytokines (IL-6, IL-8,IL-10, IP-10, RANTES using Luminex immunoassays and the immune activation marker soluble TNF receptor 1 using ELISA.Specimens of 65 women were tested. Twenty-one of these women were infected with T. vaginalis. T. vaginalis infection was associated with significantly increased concentrations of IL-8 (1275pg/ml vs. 566pg/ml, p=.02 and sTNFr1 (430 pg/ml vs. 264 pg/ml, p=.005. However, T. vaginalis infection was not associated with increased percent expression of CCR5+ T cells nor increased CD38 and HLADR activation compared to uninfected women. It was also not associated with increased expression of CCR5+ monocytes.Among ESN T. vaginalis infection is associated with increased levels of genital pro-inflammatory/immune activation markers IL-8 and TNFr1, but was not associated with an increased percentage of activated endocervical T cells along the CD38 and HLADR pathways. Thus, while T.vaginalis infection may result in some reversal of the immune quiescent profile of ESN, enhanced recruitment of activated CD38 and HLADR expressing CD4+ cells into the endocervix may not

  7. In-vitro suppression of IL-6 and IL-8 release from human pulmonary epithelial cells by non-anticoagulant fraction of enoxaparin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhur D Shastri

    Full Text Available Enoxaparin, a mixture of anticoagulant and non-anticoagulant fractions, is widely used as an anticoagulant agent. However, it is also reported to possess anti-inflammatory properties. Our study indicated that enoxaparin inhibits the release of IL-6 and IL-8 from A549 pulmonary epithelial cells. Their release causes extensive lung tissue damage. The use of enoxaparin as an anti-inflammatory agent is hampered due to the risk of bleeding associated with its anticoagulant fractions. Therefore, we aimed to identify the fraction responsible for the observed anti-inflammatory effect of enoxaparin and to determine the relationship between its structure and biological activities.A549 pulmonary epithelial cells were pre-treated in the presence of enoxaparin and its fractions. The levels of IL-6 and IL-8 released from the trypsin-stimulated cells were measured by ELISA. The anticoagulant activity of the fraction responsible for the effect of enoxaparin was determined using an anti-factor-Xa assay. The fraction was structurally characterised using nuclear magnetic resonance. The fraction was 2-O, 6-O or N-desulfated to determine the position of sulfate groups required for the inhibition of interleukins. High-performance size-exclusion chromatography was performed to rule out that the observed effect was due to the interaction between the fraction and trypsin or interleukins.Enoxaparin (60 μg/mL inhibited the release of IL-6 and IL-8 by >30%. The fraction responsible for this effect of enoxaparin was found to be a disaccharide composed of α-L-iduronic-acid and α-D-glucosamine-6-sulfate. It (15 μg/mL inhibited the release of interleukins by >70%. The 6-O sulphate groups were responsible for its anti-inflammatory effect. The fraction did not bind to trypsin or interleukins, suggesting the effect was not due to an artefact of the experimental model.The identified disaccharide has no anticoagulant activity and therefore eliminates the risk of bleeding

  8. Inhibition of cytokine gene expression and induction of chemokine genes in non-lymphatic cells infected with SARS coronavirus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weber Friedemann

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV is the etiologic agent of the severe acute respiratory syndrome. SARS-CoV mainly infects tissues of non-lymphatic origin, and the cytokine profile of those cells can determine the course of disease. Here, we investigated the cytokine response of two human non-lymphatic cell lines, Caco-2 and HEK 293, which are fully permissive for SARS-CoV. Results A comparison with established cytokine-inducing viruses revealed that SARS-CoV only weakly triggered a cytokine response. In particular, SARS-CoV did not activate significant transcription of the interferons IFN-α, IFN-β, IFN-λ1, IFN-λ2/3, as well as of the interferon-induced antiviral genes ISG56 and MxA, the chemokine RANTES and the interleukine IL-6. Interestingly, however, SARS-CoV strongly induced the chemokines IP-10 and IL-8 in the colon carcinoma cell line Caco-2, but not in the embryonic kidney cell line 293. Conclusion Our data indicate that SARS-CoV suppresses the antiviral cytokine system of non-immune cells to a large extent, thus buying time for dissemination in the host. However, synthesis of IP-10 and IL-8, which are established markers for acute-stage SARS, escapes the virus-induced silencing at least in some cell types. Therefore, the progressive infiltration of immune cells into the infected lungs observed in SARS patients could be due to the production of these chemokines by the infected tissue cells.

  9. Expression of IL-8 in the breast carcinoma-associated fibroblasts before and after docetaxel treatment%多西他赛化疗对乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞IL-8表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣国华; 孙梅; 宋振迪; 李洪玲

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨分析多西他赛化疗前后白细胞介素-8(interleukin-8,IL-8)在乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞中的表达变化.方法 采集青岛市立医院乳腺外科2014-03-01-05-31未经过新辅助化疗的乳腺癌患者手术切除标本10例,通过原代培养建立稳定的乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞株.每一株原代细胞传代后分为两组.一组不做特殊处理,标记为对照组;另外一组经20 ng/mL多西他赛(泰索帝)处理24 h,标记为实验组.分别提取两组细胞的mRNA,应用Illumina光纤微珠芯片平台进行基因表达谱分析并筛选差异基因.继而通过Real-time PCR及蛋白质印迹法检测IL-8在两组乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞中的表达变化.结果 多西他赛化疗后乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞的基因表达谱发生变化,包括17例上调表达基因及18例下调表达基因(含IL-8).通过实时定量PCR及蛋白质印迹法检测发现,多西他赛化疗后乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞中的IL-8基因及蛋白表达量高于化疗前,差异有统计学意义,t=-4.274,P=0.013.结论 多西他赛化疗后乳腺癌间质成纤维细胞中IL-8表达上调,提示其可能与化疗疗效及耐药相关.

  10. Effect of Azithromycin on NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery%阿奇霉素对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者术腔黏膜中NF-kBp65IL-8表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白永; 李娜; 赵慎林; 张旻

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of azithromycin on expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods 45 patients with chronic sinusitis and/or nasal polyps who were treated with endoscopic surgery 2 weeks previously were divided into 3 groups: 15 patients treated with local glucocorticoid as the control group, 15 patients were added with cephalosporin(500 mg, once a day) as another control group, others were added with Azithromycin(500 mg, once a day) as the experimental group. The PV-6000 immuno-histochemical method was applied to explore expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in nasal mucosa before and after 3-week medical therapy while counting the quantity of positive cells. Results Chronic inflammation was observed in nasal mucosa after endoscopic sinus surgery by HE staining. There were many inflammatory cells such as neutrophil cells and eosinophil cells under the mucosa] epithelium, and the neutrophil cells were the key cells. Expression of NF-kBp65 was positive in the cytoplasm and some nuclei of the mucosal epithelia and the inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa. Expression of IL-8 was positive in the cytoplasm of the mucosal epithelia and inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa. Expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 were significantly reduced in the mucosal epithelia and inflammatory cells of nasal mucosa after 3 weeks medical treatment compared with that of pre-treatment in the three groups (P 0. 05).Conclusion Azithromycin in combination with local glucocorticoid is better than glucocorticoid to inhibit expressions of NF-kBp65 and IL-8 in mucosal epithelia and inflammatory cells in nasal mucosa of chronic sinusitis and/or nasal polyps after endoscopic sinus surgery. It is an effective method to cure chronic inflammation of nasal mucosa in the nasal cavity after endoscopic sinus surgery.%目的 观察阿奇霉素对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者术腔黏膜中NF-kBp65、IL-8表达的影响,探讨阿奇霉素治疗术

  11. Effect of glycyrrhizin on chronic urticaria patients in IL-4,IL-8,IL-17 and IL-22%18-β甘草酸苷对慢性荨麻疹患者血清中IL-4、IL-8、IL-17和IL-22的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对18-β甘草酸苷治疗前后慢性荨麻疹患者血清中IL-4、IL-8、IL-17和IL-22的检测,探讨甘草酸苷治疗慢性荨麻疹的作用机制。方法:用Western blot检测法分别检测20例慢性荨麻疹患者经甘草酸苷治疗前、后及20例健康对照组血清中IL-4、IL-8、IL-17和IL-22的水平。结果:慢性荨麻疹患者经18-β甘草酸苷治疗前血清中IL-4浓度(22.75±6.87pg/ml)、IL-8浓度(20.26±4.52pg/ml)、IL-17浓度(24.62±7.28pg/ml)和IL-22浓度(23.26±9.04pg/ml)高于健康对照组(P<0.05)。治疗后,IL-4浓度(14.44±4.29pg/ml)、IL-8浓度(12.24±3.32pg/ml)、IL-17浓度(13.32±1.61pg/ml)和IL-22浓度(14.32±1.59pg/ml)较治疗前显著降低(P<0.05),与健康对照比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:慢性荨麻疹患者的血清中存在IL-4、IL-8、IL-17和IL-22水平异于正常,提示慢性荨麻疹患者的机体免疫功能紊乱;而18-β甘草酸苷治疗后血清中IL-4、IL-8、IL-17和IL-22明显降低,提示18-β甘草酸苷可能通过影响辅助T细胞相关因子来发挥治疗慢性荨麻疹的作用。%Objective Based on measurement of chronic urticaria patients serum IL-4 and IL-8,IL-17 and IL-22 before and after 18 beta glycyrrhizin in the treatment of glycyrrhizin mechanism on treating chronic urticaria. Methods The levels of serum IL-22,IL-8,IL-17 and IL-4 in 20 cases of chronic urticaria were detected by blot Western assay and 20 cases of healthy controls. Results In patients with chronic urticaria by 18 beta glycyrrhizin treatment IL and serum concentrations of IL- 4(22.75 ± 6.87pg/ml),IL- 8 concentration(20.26 ± 4.52pg/ml),IL- 17 concentration(24.62 ± 7.28pg/ml)and IL- 22 concentration (23.26±9.04pg/ml),higher than the healthy control group(P0.05). Conclusion The serum of patients with chronic urticaria of IL-4 and IL-8,IL-17 and IL-22 levels different from normal,suggesting that chronic urticaria patients with the

  12. Clinical significance of lueasurement of changes of serum CA153、CA125、Hcy and IL-8 levels after operation in patients with Breast cancer%乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清CA153、CA125、Hcy和IL-8水平检测的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永东; 丁贤

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨了乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清C A153、C A125、H c y和I L-8水平的变化及临床意义。方法:应用放射免疫分析法和免疫化学法对38例乳腺癌患者进行了手术治疗前后血清C A153、C A125、H c y和I L-8水平检测,并与35个正常健康人做比较。结果:乳腺癌患者在手术治疗前血清C A153、C A125、H c y和I L-8水平均非常显著地高于正常人组(P<0.05),手术治疗3个月后则与正常人比较无显著性差异(P>0.05),血清C A153水平与C A125、IL-8水平呈显著正相关(r=0.6028、0.5722、0.4986,P<0.01)结论:检测乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血清CA153、CA125、Hcy和IL-8水平的变化对观察病情和预后判定均具有重要的临床价值。%Objective: to explore the clinical significance of changes of serum CA153、CA125、Hcy and IL-8 levels after operation in patients with Breast cancer. Methods: serum CA153、CA125、IL-8 (with RIA) serum Hcy(with immune chemistry)levels were determined in 38 patients with Breast cancer and 35 controls . Result: Before operation serum CA153、CA125、Hcy and IL-8 levels were significantly higher than those in controls (P0.05). serum CA153 levels were positively correlated with serum CA125、Hcy、IL-8 levels(r=0.6028、0.5722、0.4986,P<0.01). Conclusions:Detection of serum CA153、CA125、Hcy and IL-8 levels after operation might be of prognostic importance in patients with Breast cancer.

  13. 社区获得性肺炎患者血清及支气管肺泡灌洗液中IL-6、IL-8和IL-10水平变化及其临床意义%The levels of IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in patients with community-acquired pneumonia and its clinical significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁静; 魏希强; 孙伟

    2015-01-01

    目的::探讨社区获得性肺炎( CAP)患者血清和支气管肺泡灌洗液( BALF)中炎症因子白细胞介素( IL)-6、IL-8和IL-10水平的变化及其临床意义。方法:选取CAP患者50例( CAP组),入院第1天进行临床肺部感染评分,0.05);而CAP组血清中IL-8水平在入院第30天仍保持较高水平,显著高于对照组(P0. 05). The level of IL-8 in serum of CAP patients remained at a high level on day 30 of admission,which was significantly higher than that in control group(P <0. 01). Conclusions:The IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 were involved in the pathogenesis of community-acquired pneumonia. The levels of IL-6 and IL-10 in serum and levels of IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 in BALF can reflect the severity of pulmonary infection. The detection of IL-6,IL-8 and IL-10 in serum has certain clinical value in the early diagnosis of CAP.

  14. Molecular detection, quantification, and isolation of Streptococcus gallolyticus bacteria colonizing colorectal tumors: inflammation-driven potential of carcinogenesis via IL-1, COX-2, and IL-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulamir Ahmed S

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Colorectal cancer (CRC has long been associated with bacteremia and/or endocarditis by Streptococcus gallolyticus member bacteria (SGMB but the direct colonization of SGMB along with its molecular carcinogenic role, if any, has not been investigated. We assessed the colonization of SGMB in CRC patients with history of bacteremia (CRC-w/bac and without history of bacteremia (CRC-wo/bac by isolating SGMB from feces, mucosal surfaces of colorectum, and colorectal tissues and detecting SGMB DNA, via PCR and in situ hybridization (ISH assays targeting SodA gene in colorectal tissues. Moreover, mRNA of IL1, IL-8, COX-2, IFN-γ, c-Myc, and Bcl-2 in colorectal tissues of studied groups was assessed via ISH and RT-PCR. Results SGMB were found to be remarkably isolated in tumorous (TU and non-tumorous (NTU tissues of CRC-w/bac, 20.5% and 17.3%, and CRC-wo/bac, 12.8% and 11.5%, respectively while only 2% of control tissues revealed SGMB (P 10 CN/g respectively, showed higher colonization in TU than in NTU and in CRC-w/bac than in CRC-wo/bac (P Conclusions The current study indicated that colorectal cancer is remarkably associated with SGMB; moreover, molecular detection of SGMB in CRC was superior to link SGMB with CRC tumors highlighting a possible direct and active role of SGMB in CRC development through most probably inflammation-based sequel of tumor development or propagation via, but not limited to, IL-1, COX-2, and IL-8.

  15. The Werner Protein Acts as a Coactivator of Nuclear Factor κB (NF-κB) on HIV-1 and Interleukin-8 (IL-8) Promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizutani, Taketoshi; Ishizaka, Aya; Furuichi, Yasuhiro

    2015-07-24

    The Werner syndrome helicase (WRN) plays a role in maintaining genomic stability. The lack of WRN results in Werner syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder, which causes premature aging accompanied by many complications such as rare forms of cancer and type 2 diabetes. However, the underlying mechanisms of these complications, arising due to the loss of WRN, are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated the function of WRN in transcriptional regulation of NF-κB targets. WRN physically interacts via its RecQ C-terminal (RQC) domain with the Rel homology domain of both the RelA (p65) and the p50 subunits of NF-κB. In the steady state, WRN is recruited to HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR), a typical NF-κB-responsive promoter, as well as the p50/p50 homodimer, in an NF-κB site-dependent manner. The amount of WRN on LTR increased along with the transactivating RelA/p50 heterodimer in response to TNF-α stimulation. Further, a knockdown of WRN reduced the transactivation of LTR in exogenous RelA/p50-introduced or TNF-α-stimulated cells. Additionally, knockdown of WRN reduced TNF-α stimulation-induced activation of the endogenous promoter of IL-8, an NF-κB-responsive gene, and WRN increased its association with the IL-8 promoter region together with RelA/p50 after TNF-α stimulation. In conjunction with studies that have shown NF-κB to be a key regulator of aging and inflammation, our results indicate a novel role of WRN in transcriptional regulation. Along with NF-κB, the loss of WRN is expected to result in incorrect regulation of downstream targets and leads to immune abnormalities and homeostatic disruption.

  16. Investigating the Effect of Endurance Training on Tumor Level of IL-8 and Serum Level of IL-17 in Female Mice with Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AR Kazemi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives: Breast cancer is nowadays one of the most harmful threats to women’s health. However, exercise training plays an adjuvant role in breast cancer (Adjuvant also means preventive. So, no need to repeat preventing.. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of 6-week endurance training on the levels of interleukin-8 in the tumor and Interleukin-17 in the serum of mice suffering from breast cancer.  Materials & Methods: In this study, 20 female Balb/C mice were randomly divided into exercise-tumor (RET and rest-tumor (RRT groups. The mice were oriented in the environment, and one million estrogen-dependent breast cancer cells (MC4L2 were injected into the top of the right thigh of each mouse. Subsequently, the RET group performed the endurance exercise 5 days per week for 6 weeks. The tumor volume was measured by a digital caliper each week. Finally, the mice were sacrificed, and the tumor tissue was removed and kept in -70°C. Then, ELISA method was performed and the data were collected. Results: After 6 weeks of training, a significant decrease was observed in the RTE group in the serum level of IL-17 and IL-8 protein in tumor (P< 0.05. These results were consistent with the tumor growth rate. Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicate that endurance training can reduce IL-8 and IL-17 proteins in the tumor and serum of mice ill with breast cancer. Therefore, the physical activity is utilized as an important factor in the improvement of adjutant therapy along with other therapeutic methods to treat breast cancer.

  17. miR-200b inhibits TNF-α-induced IL-8 secretion and tight junction disruption of intestinal epithelial cells in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yujie; Zhou, Min; Yan, Junkai; Gong, Zizhen; Xiao, Yongtao; Zhang, Cong; Du, Peng; Chen, Yingwei

    2017-02-01

    Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic, inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract with unclear etiologies. Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), containing crypt and villus enterocytes, occupy a critical position in the pathogenesis of IBDs and are a major producer of immunoregulatory cytokines and a key component of the intact epithelial barrier. Previously, we have reported that miR-200b is involved in the progression of IBDs and might maintain the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier via reducing the loss of enterocytes. In this study, we further investigated the impact of miR-200b on intestinal epithelial inflammation and tight junctions in two distinct differentiated states of Caco-2 cells after TNF-α treatment. We demonstrated that TNF-α-enhanced IL-8 expression was decreased by microRNA (miR)-200b in undifferentiated IECs. Simultaneously, miR-200b could alleviate TNF-α-induced tight junction (TJ) disruption in well-differentiated IECs by reducing the reduction in the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER), inhibiting the increase in paracellular permeability, and preventing the morphological redistribution of the TJ proteins claudin 1 and ZO-1. The expression levels of the JNK/c-Jun/AP-1 and myosin light chain kinase (MLCK)/phosphorylated myosin light chain (p-MLC) pathways were attenuated in undifferentiated and differentiated enterocytes, respectively. Furthermore, a dual-luciferase reporter gene detection system provided direct evidence that c-Jun and MLCK were the specific targets of miR-200b. Collectively, our results highlighted that miR-200b played a positive role in IECs via suppressing intestinal epithelial IL-8 secretion and attenuating TJ damage in vitro, which suggested that miR-200b might be a promising strategy for IBD therapy.

  18. Plasma IL-6/IL-10 Ratio and IL-8, LDH, and HBDH Level Predict the Severity and the Risk of Death in AIDS Patients with Pneumocystis Pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jia; Su, Junwei; Xie, Yirui; Yin, Michael T; Huang, Ying; Xu, Lijun; Zhou, Qihui; Zhu, Biao

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To identify blood biomarkers to predict severity and mortality in AIDS PCP patients. Methods. Biomarkers including clinical parameters and plasma inflammatory cytokines were assessed in 32 HIV-infected patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) at time of admission. Predictive value of the biomarkers for clinical severity and in-hospital mortality was evaluated by corresponding ROC curve. Results. Levels of CRP, WBC, LDH, HBDH, and Ferritin were significantly higher in the severe and nonsurvivor AIDS PCP patients. These important biochemical indicators have inverse correlation with oxygenation index, especially levels of LDH (P = 0.008, R (2) = 0.258), HBDH (P = 0.001, R (2) = 0.335), and Ferritin (P = 0.005, R (2) = 0.237). Plasma IL-8 and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in patients with PaO2/FiO2 ≤ 200 mmHg and nonsurvivors than in those with PaO2/FiO2 > 200 mmHg and survivors. Severe and nonsurvival groups showed higher ratio of mean IL-6/IL-10 level (1.78 ± 1.56, P < 0.001; 1.11 ± 0.72, P = 0.043), larger AUC (95% CI 0.781-1.000, P < 0.001; 95% CI 0.592-0.917, P = 0.043), and more significantly inverse correlation with the oxygenation index. Conclusion. Plasma IL-8, LDH, and HBDH levels and IL-6/IL-10 ratio could be helpful for early evaluation of the severity and predicting fatal outcomes in AIDS PCP patients.

  19. Plasma IL-6/IL-10 Ratio and IL-8, LDH, and HBDH Level Predict the Severity and the Risk of Death in AIDS Patients with Pneumocystis Pneumonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Sun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To identify blood biomarkers to predict severity and mortality in AIDS PCP patients. Methods. Biomarkers including clinical parameters and plasma inflammatory cytokines were assessed in 32 HIV-infected patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP at time of admission. Predictive value of the biomarkers for clinical severity and in-hospital mortality was evaluated by corresponding ROC curve. Results. Levels of CRP, WBC, LDH, HBDH, and Ferritin were significantly higher in the severe and nonsurvivor AIDS PCP patients. These important biochemical indicators have inverse correlation with oxygenation index, especially levels of LDH (P=0.008, R2=0.258, HBDH (P=0.001, R2=0.335, and Ferritin (P=0.005, R2=0.237. Plasma IL-8 and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in patients with PaO2/FiO2 ≤ 200 mmHg and nonsurvivors than in those with PaO2/FiO2 > 200 mmHg and survivors. Severe and nonsurvival groups showed higher ratio of mean IL-6/IL-10 level (1.78 ± 1.56, P<0.001; 1.11 ± 0.72, P=0.043, larger AUC (95% CI 0.781–1.000, P<0.001; 95% CI 0.592–0.917, P=0.043, and more significantly inverse correlation with the oxygenation index. Conclusion. Plasma IL-8, LDH, and HBDH levels and IL-6/IL-10 ratio could be helpful for early evaluation of the severity and predicting fatal outcomes in AIDS PCP patients.

  20. Microbiological exploitation of the chemokine system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Peter J; Rosenkilde, Mette M

    2003-01-01

    Several viruses encode chemokine elements in their genome. This review focuses on the roles of such elements in the ongoing battle between the virus and the host. The biological and pharmacological characterizations of several of these chemokine elements have highlighted their importance in the m...

  1. Targeting herpesvirus reliance of the chemokine system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenkilde, Mette M; Kledal, Thomas N

    2006-01-01

    acquired homologs of both chemokines and chemokine receptors belonging to the 7 transmembrane (7TM) spanning, G protein-coupled receptor family. 7TM receptors are very efficient drug targets and are currently the most popular class of investigational drug targets. A notable trait for the virus encoded...

  2. Role of chemokines in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid synovitis

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    N. Pipitone

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Chemokines play a central role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA synovitis which is characterised by new blood vessel formation, thickening of the lining layer and infiltration of immune cells. The inflammatory infiltrate is generated by a series of events which include the recruitment of leukocytes from the blood stream into the tissue, their local retention and activation to effector cells. All these processes are finely regulated by the interplay of different cell adhesion molecules (CAMs and chemoattractant factors called chemokines (CK. CK are a superfamily of small proteins that play a crucial role in immune and inflammatory reactions. These chemoattractant cytokines share structural similarities including four conserved cysteine residues which form disulphide bonds in the tertiary structure of the proteins. CK mediate their effects by binding specific receptors (CK-R characterised by a domain structure which spans the cell membrane seven times and signal through heterotrimeric GPT-binding proteins. Activation of the CK network results in an amplification of the inflammatory cascade and consequently in the progressive destruction of RA joints. The recognition of the central role of CK in inflammation has paved the way to the development of new agents capable of interfering with CK and CK-R. This review will focus in particular on the role of CK in regulating leukocyte trafficking in RA joints.

  3. Long-term changes of serum chemokine levels in vaccinated military personnel

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    Brichacek Beda

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Members of the United States Armed Forces receive a series of vaccinations during their course of service. To investigate the influence of multiple vaccinations on innate immunity, we measured concentrations of a panel of immunomodulatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum samples from a group of such individuals. Results Significantly increased levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α, MIP-1β and interleukin 8 (IL-8 were detected. Since these cytokines are known to have anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV activity, we tested the effect of serum from these individuals on HIV-1 infectivity and susceptibility of their peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs to HIV-1 infection in vitro. Sera from vaccinated military personnel inhibited, and their PBMCs were partially resistant to, infection by HIV-1 strains tropic to CCR5 (R5, but not to CXCR4 (X4, chemokine receptor. Conclusion These findings demonstrate that increased anti-HIV chemokines can be detected in vaccine recipients up to 68 weeks following immunization.

  4. Requirement for C-X-C chemokines (macrophage inflammatory protein-2 and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant) in IgG immune complex-induced lung injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shanley, T P; Schmal, H; Warner, R L

    1997-01-01

    The C-X-C chemokines of the IL-8 family possess potent chemotactic activity for neutrophils, but their in vivo role in inflammatory responses is not well understood. In the IgG immune complex-induced model of acute lung inflammatory injury in the rat we have evaluated the roles of two rat...... chemokines, macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC). Both mRNA and protein for MIP-2 and CINC appeared in a time-dependent manner after initiation of IgG immune complex deposition in lung. There exists a 69% homology between the amino acid sequences...... by 125I-labeled albumin leakage from the pulmonary vasculature) and reduced neutrophil accumulation in the lung (as determined by myeloperoxidase (MPO content) and neutrophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids); however, no change in TNF-alpha levels in BAL fluids was found. Chemotactic...

  5. An anti-inflammatory oligopeptide produced by Entamoeba histolytica down-regulates the expression of pro-inflammatory chemokines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utrera-Barillas, Dolores; Velazquez, Juan R; Enciso, Antonio; Cruz, Samira Muñoz; Rico, Guadalupe; Curiel-Quesada, Everardo; Teran, Luis M; Kretschmer, Roberto R

    2003-10-01

    Axenically grown Entamoeba histolytica produces a pentapeptide (Met-Gln-Cys-Asn-Ser) with anti-inflammatory properties that, among others, inhibits the in vitro and in vivo locomotion of human monocytes, sparing polymorphonuclear leucocytes from this effect [hence the name originally given. Monocyte Locomotion Inhibitory Factor (MLIF)]. A synthetic construct of this peptide displays the same effects as the native material. We now added MLIF to resting and PMA-stimulated cells of a human monocyte cell line and measured the effect upon mRNA and protein expression of pro-inflammatory chemokines (RANTES, IP-10, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, MCP-1, IL-8, I-309 and lymphotactin) and the shared CC receptor repertoire. The constitutive expression of these chemokines and the CC receptors was unaffected, whereas induced expression of MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, and I-309, and that of the CCR1 receptor--all involved in monocyte chemotaxis--was significantly inhibited by MLIF. This suggests that the inhibition of monocyte functions by MLIF may not only be exerted directly on these cells, but also--and perhaps foremost--through a conglomerate down-regulation of endogenous pro-inflammatory chemokines.

  6. 胡椒碱抑制LPS活化的人结肠腺癌细胞SW480表达IL-8的作用机制研究%The action mechanism of piperine underlying the suppression of IL-8 expression by LPS-stimulated colon carcinoma SW480 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯小凤; 潘浩; 徐丽慧; 查庆兵; 何贤辉; 欧阳东云

    2014-01-01

    目的 研究胡椒碱(piperine,PIP)对脂多糖(LPS)活化的人结肠腺癌细胞SW480表达炎症因子的调节效应及可能的作用机制.方法 采用WST-1法检测PIP对SW480细胞增殖的作用,利用流式微球捕获蛋白定量技术(cytometric beads array,CBA)检测炎症因子的蛋白表达水平,以实时定量PCR(qRT-PCR)检测炎症因子mRNA的表达水平,免疫印迹法检测p38MAPK信号通路和JNK信号通路的活化水平.结果 PIP处理可剂量依赖性地抑制SW480细胞的增殖,但PIP对细胞的毒性较小;CBA检测结果显示PIP以剂量依赖性方式抑制LPS诱导的SW480细胞中IL-8的分泌;实时定量RT-PCR检测显示,LPS+ PIP处理组与LPS刺激组相比,IL-8的mRNA表达水平明显下降;免疫印迹分析表明,PIP可抑制LPS诱导的p38和JNK MAPK信号通路的活化水平.结论 PIP能够抑制LPS激活的人结肠腺癌细胞SW480中IL-8的分泌从而发挥抗炎作用,其机制可能与抑制p38和JNK MAPK信号通路有关.

  7. In vitro L.casei EPS promote small intestinal epithelial cells of Balb/c mice proliferation and secretion of IL-8, IL-10 and TGF-β%L.casei EPS体外促进Balb/c小鼠小肠上皮细胞增殖及其分泌IL-8、IL-10和TGF-β

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍思序; 唐彦君; 刘宁

    2013-01-01

    目的 以干酪乳杆菌(Lactobacillus casei,L.casei)胞外多糖(exopolysaccharides,EPS)为研究对象,研究其在体外对Balb/c小鼠小肠上皮细胞(small intestinal epithelial cell,IECs)增殖及其分泌IL-8、IL-10和TGF-β的影响.方法 利用嗜热菌蛋白酶消化联合差速贴壁以及免疫细胞化学鉴定的方法对Balb/c小鼠IECs进行分离和鉴定,获得实验用的IECs.用不同质量浓度的L.caseiEPS与IECs共培养,分别观察0.5、1、2h和4h后IECs的增殖情况.当用不同质量浓度的L.casei EPS处理IECs 2 h后,采用双抗体夹心ELISA法检测细胞培养上清液中细胞因子IL-8、IL-10和TGF-β的质量浓度.结果 嗜热菌蛋白酶消化联合差速贴壁的方法能够获得纯度高与活性好的IECs;L.casei EPS能够促进IECs的增殖,显著上调上清液中IL-8、IL-10和TGF-β的分泌水平(P<0.05),EPS质量浓度在0~150 μg/ml范围内呈剂量依赖关系,并且在150 μg/ml的质量浓度时达到最大值.结论 L.casei EPS能够促进IECs的增殖及IL-8、IL-10和TGF-β的分泌水平.

  8. 美沙拉嗪联合双歧三联活菌对溃疡性结肠炎患者TNF-α、IL-8及IL-10水平的影响%Influence of Mesalamine Combined with Bifid Triple Viable on Levels of TNF-α, IL-8 and IL-10 of Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童霞; 骆成俊; 许晓梅; 朱晓娟; 张红

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨美沙拉嗪联合双歧三联活菌治疗溃疡性结肠炎(UC)的临床疗效及对患者TNF-α、IL-8及IL-10水平的影响.方法:选择2013年1月~2014年1月我院收治的UC患者60例,随机分为研究组与对照组,每组30例.对照组患者应用美沙拉嗪治疗,研究组在此基础上联合双歧三联活菌治疗.观察两组临床疗效、血清TNF-α、IL-8及IL-10水平变化及药物不良反应.结果:研究组治疗的总有效率为86.67%,显著高于对照组的63.33%(P <0.05);治疗后,两组TNF-α、IL-8水平显著降低,IL-10水平显著升高(均P<0.01),研究组TNF-α、IL-8显著低于对照组,IL-10水平显著高于对照组(均P<0.05);研究组不良反应发生率为6.67%,明显低于对照组的33.33%(P<0.05).结论:美沙拉嗪联合双歧三联活菌对UC患者黏膜的保护作用显著,且有效抑制UC相关的炎性反应,安全可靠,适于临床推广与应用.

  9. In Vivo Models to Study Chemokine Biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaral, F A; Boff, D; Teixeira, M M

    2016-01-01

    Chemokines are essential mediators of leukocyte movement in vivo. In vitro assays of leukocyte migration cannot mimic the complex interactions with other cell types and matrix needed for cells to extravasate and migrate into tissues. Therefore, in vivo strategies to study the effects and potential relevance of chemokines for the migration of particular leukocyte subsets are necessary. Here, we describe methods to study the effects and endogenous role of chemokine in mice. Advantages and pitfalls of particular models are discussed and we focus on description in model's joint and pleural cavity inflammation and the effects and relevance of CXCR2 and CCR2 ligands on cell migration.

  10. Overexpression of S100A7 protects LPS-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and stimulates IL-6 and IL-8 in HaCaT cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyan Sun

    Full Text Available S100A7 (or psoriasin is distributed in the cytoplasm of keratinocytes of normal human epidermis, and it is overexpressed in many epidermal inflammatory diseases. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS induces mitochondrial function changes, which play important roles in multiple cellular mechanisms including inflammation. Although S100A7 expression is regulated by various factors in the human epidermis during inflammation, whether S100A7 interacts with mitochondria in keratinocytes is not clear.Our study was designed to investigate whether S100A7 could prohibit mitochondrial dysfunction and stimulate cytokines in cultured normal HaCaT cells treated with LPS.We generated HaCaT cells that constitutively express enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP-S100A7 (S100A7-EGFP or EGFP alone, as a control. Here, we show that S100A7-EGFP HaCaT cells exhibit an increase in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA copy number and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP. qRT-PCR revealed that expression of three main mitochondrial biogenesis-associated genes was significantly increased: PPAR-coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1α, the mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam and nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF1. S100A7 overexpression increased mtDNA content and effectively increased intracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP production, while decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS generation. S100A7 overexpression also significantly decreased the expression of Mfn2 and increased DRP1 expression compared with control EGFP cells. S100A7 down-regulated the expression of the autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and LC3B. S100A7 also increased expression of IL-6 and IL-8 cytokines. Knockdown of S100A7 decreased MMP and disrupted mitochondrial homeostasis.These findings demonstrate that S100A7 stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis and increases mitochondrial function in HaCaT cells treated with LPS; and S100A7 also promotes secretion of IL-6 and IL-8.

  11. Induction of TLR-2 and TLR-5 expression by Helicobacter pylori switches cagPAI-dependent signalling leading to the secretion of IL-8 and TNF-α.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suneesh Kumar Pachathundikandi

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent for developing gastritis, gastric ulcer, and even gastric cancer. Virulent strains carry the cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI encoding a type-IV secretion system (T4SS for injecting the CagA protein. However, mechanisms of sensing this pathogen through Toll-like receptors (TLRs and downstream signalling pathways in the development of different pathologies are widely unclear. Here, we explored the involvement of TLR-2 and TLR-5 in THP-1 cells and HEK293 cell lines (stably transfected with TLR-2 or TLR-5 during infection with wild-type H. pylori and isogenic cagPAI mutants. H. pylori triggered enhanced TLR-2 and TLR-5 expression in THP-1, HEK293-TLR2 and HEK293-TLR5 cells, but not in the HEK293 control. In addition, IL-8 and TNF-α cytokine secretion in THP-1 cells was induced in a cagPAI-dependent manner. Furthermore, we show that HEK293 cells are not competent for the uptake of T4SS-delivered CagA, and are therefore ideally suited for studying TLR signalling in the absence of T4SS functions. HEK293 control cells, which do not induce TLR-2 and TLR-5 expression during infection, only secreted cytokines in small amounts, in agreement with T4SS functions being absent. In contrast, HEK293-TLR2 and HEK293-TLR5 cells were highly competent for inducing the secretion of IL-8 and TNF-α cytokines in a cagPAI-independent manner, suggesting that the expression of TLR-2 or TLR-5 has profoundly changed the capability to trigger pro-inflammatory signalling upon infection. Using phospho-specific antibodies and luciferase reporter assays, we further demonstrate that H. pylori induces IRAK-1 and IκB phosphorylation in a TLR-dependent manner, and this was required for activation of transcription factor NF-κB. Finally, NF-κB activation in HEK293-TLR2 and HEK293-TLR5 cells was confirmed by expressing p65-GFP which was translocated from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. These data indicate that H. pylori-induced expression

  12. Altered expression of glial markers, chemokines, and opioid receptors in the spinal cord of type 2 diabetic monkeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiguchi, Norikazu; Ding, Huiping; Peters, Christopher M; Kock, Nancy D; Kishioka, Shiroh; Cline, J Mark; Wagner, Janice D; Ko, Mei-Chuan

    2017-01-01

    Neuroinflammation is a pathological condition that underlies diabetes and affects sensory processing. Given the high prevalence of pain in diabetic patients and crosstalk between chemokines and opioids, it is pivotal to know whether neuroinflammation-associated mediators are dysregulated in the central nervous system of diabetic primates. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether mRNA expression levels of glial markers, chemokines, and opioid receptors are altered in the spinal cord and thalamus of naturally occurring type 2 diabetic monkeys (n=7) compared with age-matched non-diabetic monkeys (n=6). By using RT-qPCR, we found that mRNA expression levels of both GFAP and IBA1 were up-regulated in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) of diabetic monkeys compared with non-diabetic monkeys. Among all chemokines, expression levels of three chemokine ligand-receptor systems, i.e., CCL2-CCR2, CCL3-CCR1/5, and CCL4-CCR5, were up-regulated in the SDH of diabetic monkeys. Moreover, in the SDH, seven additional chemokine receptors, i.e., CCR4, CCR6, CCR8, CCR10, CXCR3, CXCR5, and CXCR6, were also up-regulated in diabetic monkeys. In contrast, expression levels of MOP, KOP, and DOP, but not NOP receptors, were down-regulated in the SDH of diabetic monkeys, and the thalamus had fewer changes in the glial markers, chemokines and opioids. These findings indicate that neuroinflammation, manifested as glial activation and simultaneous up-regulation of multiple chemokine ligands and receptors, seems to be permanent in type 2 diabetic monkeys. As chemokines and opioids are important pain modulators, this first-in-primate study provides a translational bridge for determining the functional efficacy of spinal drugs targeting their signaling cascades.

  13. IL-8受体和乳铁蛋白基因多态性与奶牛隐性乳房炎关系的初步研究%Preliminary Study of Relationship between the IL-8 Receptor and Lactoferrin Gene Polymorphisms and Subclinical Mastitics-dairy Cows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何高明; 李大全; 孙庆华

    2009-01-01

    采用PCR-SSCP技术分别对80头健康和隐性乳房炎奶牛的IL-8受体基因、乳铁蛋白基因进行了多态性检测,并与相对应的奶牛乳汁中的体细胞数进行了相关分析,结果表明,两者都与奶牛隐性乳房炎存在关联;在IL-8受体CXCR1基因PCR-SSCP分析中,S5CP5、SSCP7在健康奶牛个体中出现程度较高,说明个体对隐性乳房炎表现较好的抗性;在乳铁蛋白基因5'调控区的不同基因型中,SSCP1对奶牛隐性乳房炎有很好的抗性.

  14. APE1/Ref-1 siRNA inhibits IL-6 and IL-8 secretion by cultured bone marrow stromal cells isolated from multiple myeloma patients%APE1/Ref-1 siRNA抑制多发性骨髓瘤骨髓基质细胞IL-6及IL-8分泌的体外研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢家印; 王阁; 王东; 李梦侠; 向德兵; 杨镇洲; 杨宇馨; 李增鹏; 曾林立; 仲召阳

    2009-01-01

    目的 体外通过APE1/Ref-1 siRNA敲低多发性骨髓瘤骨髓基质细胞(bone marrow stromal cells,BMSCs)APE1/Ref-1的表达,观察BMSCs的增殖及分泌细胞因子IL-6、IL-8的变化,初步探讨BMSCs APE1/Ref-1表达的功能特点.方法 通过免疫细胞化学染色法定量榆测35例初治、11例复发/难治多发性骨髓瘤患者及10例正常人BMSCsAPE1/Ref-1的表达特点及其差异,经Adv5-APE1/Ref-1 siRNA感染BMSCs后,流式细胞仪检测BMSCs细胞周期的变化;ELISA法检测BMSCs分泌IL-6、IL-8的水平变化情况.结果 多发性骨髓瘤BMSCs的APE1/Ref-1蛋白阳性表达率显著高于正常BMSCs APE1/Ref-1蛋白阳性表达率(P<0.05),且多发性骨髓瘤BMSCs的APE1/Ref-1呈细胞核及核浆共间表达方式.Adv5-APE1/Ref-1 siRNA感染敲低多发性骨髓瘤及正常BMSCs APE1/Ref-1的表达量呈进行性减少(P<0.01),同时发现APE1/Ref-1 siRNA对多发性骨髓瘤BMSCs抑制作用更明显.Adv5-APE1/Ref-1 siRNA感染BMSCs后对正常人及骨髓瘤患者BMSCs分泌细胞因子IL-6、IL-8的量有显著的抑制作用,特别是感染72 h后,骨髓瘤患者及正常人的BMSCs分泌IL-6[初治患者(246.29±46.51)pg/ml,复发/难治患者(365.09±75.25)pg/ml]、IL-8[初治患者(118.77±18.08)pg/ml,复发/难治患者(188.71±33.76)pg/ml]的量最低,与其他时段比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 多发性骨髓瘤BMscs APE1/Ref-1的表达特点不同于正常BMSCs,可能导致其功能差异;APE1/Ref-1 siRNA敲低了MM BMSCsAPE1/Ref-1的表达,同时明显抑制了其IL-6、IL-8的分泌,减少了对骨髓瘤细胞的促增殖和凋亡作用.

  15. Autocrine Acetylcholine, Induced by IL-17A via NFκB and ERK1/2 Pathway Activation, Promotes MUC5AC and IL-8 Synthesis in Bronchial Epithelial Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Marina Montalbano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available IL-17A is overexpressed in the lung during acute neutrophilic inflammation. Acetylcholine (ACh increases IL-8 and Muc5AC production in airway epithelial cells. We aimed to characterize the involvement of nonneuronal components of cholinergic system on IL-8 and Muc5AC production in bronchial epithelial cells stimulated with IL-17A. Bronchial epithelial cells were stimulated with recombinant human IL-17A (rhIL-17A to evaluate the ChAT expression, the ACh binding and production, the IL-8 release, and the Muc5AC production. Furthermore, the effectiveness of PD098,059 (inhibitor of MAPKK activation, Bay11-7082 (inhibitor of IkBα phosphorylation, Hemicholinium-3 (HCh-3 (choline uptake blocker, and Tiotropium bromide (Spiriva® (anticholinergic drug was tested in our in vitro model. We showed that rhIL-17A increased the expression of ChAT, the levels of ACh binding and production, and the IL-8 and Muc5AC production in stimulated bronchial epithelial cells compared with untreated cells. The pretreatment of the cells with PD098,059 and Bay11-7082 decreased the ChAT expression and the ACh production/binding, while HCh-3 and Tiotropium decreased the IL-8 and Muc5AC synthesis in bronchial epithelial cells stimulated with rhIL-17A. IL-17A is involved in the IL-8 and Muc5AC production promoting, via NFκB and ERK1/2 pathway activation, the synthesis of ChAT, and the related activity of autocrine ACh in bronchial epithelial cells.

  16. Autophagy Mediates HBx-Induced Nuclear Factor-κB Activation and Release of IL-6, IL-8, and CXCL2 in Hepatocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Millore X M; Wong, Sunny H; Chan, Matthew T V; Yu, Le; Yu, Sidney S B; Wu, Feng; Xiao, Zhangang; Wang, Xiaojuan; Zhang, Lin; Cheng, Alfred S L; Ng, Simon S M; Chan, Francis K L; Cho, Chi H; Yu, Jun; Sung, Joseph J Y; Wu, William K K

    2015-10-01

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and one of its encoded proteins, HBV X protein (HBx), have been shown to induce autophagy in hepatoma cells. Substantial evidence indicates that autophagy is a potent suppressor of inflammation. However, sporadic reports suggest that autophagy could promote pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and inflammation in some biological contexts. Here, we show that overexpression of HBx induces LC3B-positive autophagosome formation, increases autophagic flux and enhances the expression of ATG5, ATG7, and LC3B-II in normal hepatocytes. Abrogation of autophagy by small interfering RNA against ATG5 and ATG7 prevents HBx-induced formation of autophagosomes. Autophagy inhibition also abrogates HBx-induced activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and production of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, and CXCL2. These findings suggest that autophagy is required for HBx-induced NF-κB activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine production and could shed new light on the complex role of autophagy in the modulation of inflammation.

  17. Adh enhances Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae pathogenicity by binding to OR5M11 and activating p38 which induces apoptosis of PAMs and IL-8 release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Qin, Wanhai; Zhang, Jing; Bao, Chuntong; Zhang, Hu; Che, Yanyi; Sun, Changjiang; Gu, Jingmin; Feng, Xin; Du, Chongtao; Han, Wenyu; Richard, Paul Langford; Lei, Liancheng

    2016-04-05

    Members of the Trimeric Autotransporter Adhesin (TAA) family play a crucial role in the adhesion of Gram-negative pathogens to host cells, but the immunopathogenesis of TAAs remains unknown. Our previous studies demonstrated that Adh from Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) is required for full bacterial pathogenicity. Alveolar macrophages are the first line of defense against respiratory infections. This study compared the interactions between porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) and wild-type A. pleuropneumoniae (5b WT) or an Adh-deletion strain (5b ΔAdh) via gene microarray, immunoprecipitation and other technologies. We found that Adh was shown to interact with the PAMs membrane protein OR5M11, an olfactory receptor, resulting in the high-level secretion of IL-8 by activation of p38 MAPK signaling pathway. Subsequently, PAMs apoptosis via the activation of the Fax and Bax signaling pathways was observed, followed by activation of caspases 8, 9, and 3. The immunological pathogenic roles of Adh were also confirmed in both murine and piglets infectious models in vivo. These results identify a novel immunological strategy for TAAs to boost the pathogenicity of A. pleuropneumoniae. Together, these datas reveal the high versatility of the Adh protein as a virulence factor and provide novel insight into the immunological pathogenic role of TAAs.

  18. IL-8, IL-10, TGF-β, and GCSF Levels Were Increased in Severe Persistent Allergic Asthma Patients with the Anti-IgE Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu D. Yalcin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Allergic asthma is showed an increase in Th2-cytokine and IgE levels and an accumulation activation of Th2 cells, eosinophils and mast cells. However, recent studies focused on cell-based mechanisms for the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Objectives. In this study, we compare the anti-IgE treatment modality in the dynamics of immune system cytokine levels in severe persistent asthma (SPA patients who had no other any allergic disease, newly diagnosed allergic asthma patients and healthy volunteers. Study Design. The study population consisted of 14 SPA patients, 14 newly diagnosed allergic asthma patients and 14 healthy volunteers included as controls. Cytokine levels were measured. Total and specific IgE levels of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody treated patients, serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP levels, FEV1/FVC rates and asthma control test (ACT were measured for the clinical follow-up. Results. We observed that SPA patients presented increasing levels of IL-8, IL-10, TGF-β and GCSF during the anti-IgE treatment in period of sampling times at 4 months and 18 months. However this increase was not correlated neither with serum hsCRP levels nor FEV1/FVC rates. Conclusions. Our study gives a different perspective for the SPA and anti-IgE immunotherapy efficacy at the cell cytokine-linked step.

  19. Inhibitory effect on TNF-α-induced IL-8 secretion in HT-29 cell line by glyceroglycolipids from the leaves of Ficus microcarpa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiem, Phan Van; Minh, Chau Van; Nhiem, Nguyen Xuan; Cuong, Nguyen Xuan; Tai, Bui Huu; Quang, Tran Hong; Anh, Hoang Le Tuan; Yen, Pham Hai; Ban, Ninh Khac; Kim, Seung Hyun; Xin, Mingjie; Cha, Ji-Yun; Lee, Young-Mi; Kim, Young Ho

    2012-12-01

    Bioassay-guided fractionation based on the anti-inflammatory activity of a methanol extract of Ficus microcarpa leaves led to the isolation of seven galactolipids: 2(S)-3-O-octadeca-9Z,12Z,15Z-trienoylglyceryl-O-β-D-galactopyranoside (1), (2S)-2,3-O-dioctadeca-9Z,12Z,15Z-trienoylglyceryl-O-β-D-galactopyranoside (2), (2S)-2,3-O-dioctadeca-9Z,12Z-dienoylglyceryl-O-β-D-galactopyranoside (3), (2S)-3-O-octadeca-9Z,12Z,15Z-trienoylglyceryl-6'-O-(α-D-galactopyranosyl)-β-D-galactopyranoside (4), (2S)-2,3-O-dioctadeca-9Z,12Z,15Z-trienoylglyceryl-6'-O-(α-D-galactopyranosyl)-β-D-galactopyranoside (5), gingerglycolipid B (6), and (2S)-2,3-O-dioctadeca-9Z,12Z-dienoylglyceryl-6'-O-(α-D-galactopyranosyl)-β-D-galactopyranoside (7). Their chemical structures were elucidated by mass, 1D-, and 2D-NMR spectroscopic methods as well as chemical methods. The antiinflammatory effect of these compounds on TNF-α induced IL-8 secretion in the HT-29 cell line was evaluated. All above galactolipids showed significant inhibition ranging 40% at a concentration of 50 μM. The results suggest that galactolipids from the leaves of F. microcarpa may be used as potent anti-inflammatory agents.

  20. Synergistic cooperation between methamphetamine and HIV-1 gsp120 through the P13K/Akt pathway induces IL-6 but not IL-8 expression in astrocytes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankit Shah

    Full Text Available HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 has been extensively studied for neurotoxic effects that have been attributed to the increased expression of various proinflammatory cytokines in the CNS. Recently we have shown that methamphetamine (MA also increases expression of proinflammatory cytokines in astrocytes. However, combined effect of gp120 and MA is not known. The present study was undertaken to determine cumulative effect and the mechanism(s/pathways involved in the functional interaction between gp120 and MA in SVGA astrocytes. Our results clearly suggest that gp120 and MA affect IL-6 but not IL-8 in a synergistic manner and this synergy was mediated by PI3K/Akt and NF-κB pathways. Inhibition of either of these pathways could abrogate the increased expression of IL-6 due to MA or gp120 alone, as well as the increased expression of IL-6 when the astrocytes were treated with both gp120 and MA. These results were confirmed by both, using chemical inhibitors/siRNA as well as western blotting. This study therefore provides novel information regarding the interaction between MA and gp120 in terms of the expression of IL-6 and the mechanisms underlying potential synergy between MA and gp120 in astrocytes.

  1. Cloning and Sequence Analysis of IL-8 Gene in Qinghai Semifine-wool Sheep%青海高原半细毛羊白细胞介素-8基因克隆及序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳存

    2013-01-01

    本试验旨在研究青海半细毛羊白细胞介素-8(interleukin-8,IL-8)基因分子进化情况,对IL-8基因进行了克隆及序列分析.根据GenBank公布的羊IL-8基因序列设计1对特异性引物,RT-PCR扩增目的片段,将目的基因与pMD18-T克隆载体连接,转化至大肠杆菌DH5α感受态细胞,对PCR与酶切鉴定为阳性的重组质粒进行序列测定,采用生物信息学软件对IL-8基因序列进行序列分析.结果表明,羊外周血淋巴细胞中扩增出与预期大小(370 bp)相符的条带,同源性分析结果显示,克隆的核苷酸序列与已知IL-8基因序列同源性为96.1%~99.0%,是较为保守的基因.%This experiment was conducted to study molecular evolution, cloning and sequence analysis of Qinghai Semifine-wool sheep interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene. A pair of specific primers was designed based on GenBank. The IL-8 gene was amplified by RT-PCR and cloned into pMD18-T vector. The positive recombinant plasmids which was transformed to E. Coli DH5α was identified by PCR and restriction enzyme digestion and sequenced analysis. The results showed that sheep peripheral blood lymphocytes was amplified bands consistent with the expected size (370 bp) , the homology analysis showed that IL-8 gene was more conservative, which homology was 96. 1 % to 99. 0%.

  2. 血清CA15-3、CA50、CA19-9和IL-8检测对女性乳腺癌的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永旺; 蒋炳辰

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the clinical signficance of differences on serum CA15-3,CA50,CA19-9,IL-8 levels detection in patients with breast cancer. Methods:Serum CA15-3,CA50,CA19-9,IL-8 concentration from 34 patients (female) with breast cancer and 34 healthy normal controls (female) were determined by RIA and CLIA. Results:The serum CA15-3,CA50,IL-8 levels in patients with breast cancer were significant higher than those in controls. But the serum CA19-9 levels were no significant difference from those in controls.Conclusion:Detection of serum CA15-3,CA50,IL-8 levels might be of prognostic importance in patients with breast cancer.%目的:探讨血清CA15-3、CA50、CA19-9和IL-8检测对乳腺癌患者诊断的临床意义。方法:应用放射免疫法和化学发光法对34例乳腺癌患者(均为女性)进行血清的CA15-3、CA50、CA19-9和IL-8检测,并与34名正常人(均为女性)进行相关对比分析。结果:乳腺癌患者的CA15-3、CA50和IL-8含量水平明显高于对照组(P<0.05),而CA19-9与正常人对照组无明显差异(P>0.05)。结论:血清CA15-3、CA50和IL-8的检测对乳腺癌的发病、预防、诊断和治疗均有重要的临床价值。

  3. [Chemokine CC receptors in the nervous system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radzik, Tomasz Łukasz; Głabiński, Andrzej; Żylińska, Ludmiła

    2015-01-01

    Chemoattractant cytokines (chemokines) are traditionally known as the important mediators of inflammatory processes, however, recently, is also given to their other functions in the body. Acting through specific receptors belonging to the G proteins they regulate immune processes in the body. About 20 chemokine receptors have been identified so far, and 10 of them bind chemokines CC, i.e. having in amino-terminal domain 2 adjacent molecules of cysteins. An increasing number of data indicates that chemokines and their receptors play an important role in the nervous system by acting as trophic factors, increasing the neurons survival, neural migration and synaptic transmission. Special role chemokine receptors play primarily in the diseases of the nervous system, because due to damage of the blood-brain barrier and the blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier, infiltration of leukocytes results in development of inflammation. Chemokine CC receptors has been shown to participate in Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, dementia associated with HIV infection, stroke or some type of cancers.

  4. Cytokines and chemokines in respiratory secretion and severity of disease in infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hornsleth, Allan; Loland, Lotte; Larsen, Lars B.

    2001-01-01

    Background: little is known about inflammatory mediators (IM); like cytokines, chemokines and receptors; in respiratory secretion as possible indicators of the severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease. Nor have systematic studies been published on the ratios between IM...... as such indicators. Objective: to define the role of IM ratios as possible indicators of the severity of RSV disease. Study design: about 46 infants aged 0-9 months with acute RSV infections were studied. Prematurity (PM) and/or underlying disease (UD) were present in 11 of them. The concentrations of seven...... from 0 to 3 according to the severity of disease. Results: when 25 patients with severe disease (CS 2-3) and 21 patients with mild disease (CS 0-1) were compared with respect to different IM ratios, three ratios were related to severity of disease: IL-1/RANTES, IL-8/RANTES and TNF-R1/RANTES. When 12...

  5. Foot reflex zone massage type of blood stasis in patients with Chronic Abacterial Prostatitis inprostatic fluid of TNF - αIL - 8%足部反射区按摩对气滞血瘀型慢性非细菌性前列腺炎患者前列腺液中TNF-α、IL-8的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常德贵; 李广森; 张培海; 吴天浪; 张朝德

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究足部反射区按摩对慢性非细菌性前列腺炎患者前列腺液中TNF-α、IL-8的影响.方法:采用随机、对照的方法,选取慢性非细茵性前列腺炎患者96例,分为两组,即治疗组为足部反射区按摩("肾"、"输尿管"、"膀胱"、"前列腺"、"睾丸")加前列通瘀胶囊、对照组为前列通瘀胶囊,每组各48例.经过1个疗程(4周)治疗后,观察2组患者前列腺液中TNF-α、IL-8水平的变化.结果:治疗纽和对照组患者前列腺液中TNF-α治疗前的平均值分别为(69.36±12.65)pg/mL和(70.49±7.25)pg/mL,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),治疗后分别下降为(54.04±11.08)pg/mL和(59.15±8.38)pg/mL,两组治疗前后差异有统计学意义(P0.05),治疗后分别下降为(3.76±1.73)ng/mL和(4.42±1.45)ng/mL,两组治疗前后差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).活疗组较对照组有更明显改善,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:足部反射区按摩治疗慢性非细菌前列腺炎的机理可能是降低前列腺液中TNF-α、IL-8水平的表达.%Objective: To study the effect of pedal reflex zone massage on TNF - α, IL - 8 in prostatic fluid for the patients with chronic nonbacteral prostatitis. Methods: A total of 96 patients with chronic nonbacteral prostatitis were randomly divided into trail group and control group. Both groups included 48 patients and the course lasted for 4 weeks. The patients in trial group were treated with Pedal reflex zone massage (“kidney” “ureter” “bladder prostate testis”) combining with Qianlietonsyu capsule,while in control group were treated only by Qianlietongyu capsule, and observed the change of TNF - ct and IL - 8 in prostatic fluid of each group after one curative period (4 weeks later ). Results: The mean of TNF - αin trial group and control group were ( 69.36±12.65) ps/mL and (70.49 ±7.25) pg/mL respectively before treatment and there was no statistical significant difference ( P > 0.05 ) between them. After

  6. Expression and clinical significance of serum interleukin-8 level in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma%口腔鳞状细胞癌患者血清IL-8的表达及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾文莉; 杨佳佳

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE: To explore the clinical significance of serum interleukin-8 (IL-8) level in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: Twenty-seven serum specimens pathologically confirmed as OSCC were tested, 10 healthy serum specimens were used as control. The expression of serum IL-8 was measured by ELISA.Data was presented as mean ± standard error. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 13.0 software package and two-tailed independent sample t test was used to determine the difference between the two groups. RESULTS: The level of serum IL-8 in OSCC patients was significantly higher than that in the control (P<0.01). The high expression of IL-8 correlated with clinical pathologic stage(P<0.01) and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of serum IL-8 correlates significantly with the biological behavior of OSCC, and it can be used as a prognostic molecular marker for OSCC. Supported by the Third Session of Excellent Youth Foundation of Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.%目的:观察免疫趋化因子白细胞介素8(IL-8)在口腔鳞状细胞癌(oral squamous cell carcinoma,OSCC)患者血清中的表达,探讨其与OSCC临床病理因素的相关性.方法:应用酶联免疫反应(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)测定27例处于不同临床分期的OSCC患者和10例健康体检者血清中的IL-8水平.检测结果以-x±s表示,应用SPSS 13.0软件包对数据进行t检验.结果:OSCC肿瘤组患者血清IL-8水平显著高于对照组(P<0.01),临床Ⅲ、Ⅳ期OSCC患者血清IL-8水平显著高于Ⅰ、Ⅱ期患者(P<0.01);有颈淋巴结转移的OSCC患者,血清IL-8水平显著高于无转移者(P<0.01).结论:血清IL-8水平与口腔鳞状细胞癌的病理分级、临床分期及淋巴结转移等密切相关,是一种具有应用潜力的OSCC临床检测指标.

  7. 宫颈癌患者外周血中IL-6、IL-8和IL-17的表达及临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜波

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨宫颈癌患者外周血中IL-6、IL-8和IL-17的表达及临床意义.方法:选择2011年1月至2012年12月期间50例宫颈癌患者为研究对象,按照临床分期分为Ⅰ期(16例)、Ⅱ期(24例)和Ⅲ期(10例).另选择CIN患者50例作为CIN组,选择健康女性50例为对照组.统计受试者血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-17水平,并对血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-17表达与年龄、宫颈癌病程、临床分期、高危型人乳头瘤病毒(HR-HPV)感染、BMI进行相关性分析.结果:宫颈癌组血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-17水平高于CIN组和对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),CIN组血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-17水平高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);随着宫颈癌临床分期的增加,IL-6、IL-8和IL-17的表达呈增强趋势,且3组间两两比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);HR-HPV阳性组血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-17水平高于HR-HPV阴性组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);血清IL-6、IL-8和1L-17表达与宫颈癌临床分期、HR-HPV感染均呈正相关(P<0.05),血清IL-6、IL-8和IL-17表达之间均呈正相关(P<0.05).结论:宫颈癌患者血清中IL-6、IL-8和IL-17呈高表达,宫颈癌中IL-6、IL-8和IL-17的表达与宫颈癌的发生、进展及HR-HPV感染密切相关.

  8. Fulminant lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-induced inflammation of the CNS involves a cytokine-chemokine-cytokine-chemokine cascade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jeanette E; Simonsen, Stine; Fenger, Christina;

    2009-01-01

    Intracerebral inoculation of immunocompetent mice with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) normally results in fatal CD8+ T cell mediated meningoencephalitis. However, in CXCL10-deficient mice, the virus-induced CD8+ T cell accumulation in the neural parenchyma is impaired, and only 30...... of the CNS, and astrocytes are the dominant expressors in the neural parenchyma, not microglial cells or recruited bone marrow-derived cell types. These results are consistent with a model suggesting a bidirectional interplay between resident cells of the CNS and the recruited virus-specific T cells...

  9. Fulminant lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-induced inflammation of the CNS involves a cytokine-chemokine-cytokine-chemokine cascade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jeanette Erbo; Simonsen, Stine; Fenger, Christina;

    2009-01-01

    the expression of CXCL10 in the CNS of LCMV-infected mice. Using mice deficient in type I IFN receptor, type II IFN receptor, or type II IFN, as well as bone marrow chimeras expressing CXCL10 only in resident cells or only in bone marrow-derived cells, we analyzed the up-stream regulation as well as the cellular...

  10. Multiplex cytokine analyses in dogs with pyometra suggest involvement of KC-like chemokine in canine bacterial sepsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Iulia; Hagman, Ragnvi; Johannisson, Anders; Wang, Liya; Södersten, Fredrik; Wernersson, Sara

    2016-02-01

    Clinical diagnostic criteria for sepsis (systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by infection) are unspecific and, therefore, biomarkers for sepsis diagnosis are needed for appropriate treatment and patient survival. Pyometra, a common disease caused by bacterial infection of the uterus, results in sepsis in nearly 60% of cases in dogs. We used dogs with pyometra as a natural model for sepsis and collected serum samples from 39 dogs, of which 22 with pyometra and 17 healthy controls. Dogs with pyometra were further grouped into dogs with sepsis (n=18) and without sepsis (n=4). Serum concentrations of a panel of cytokines, including keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC)-like, granulocyte-macrophages colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-15, IL-18, chemokine C-X-C motif ligand (CXCL)10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, were measured using multiplex analyses. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined using an automated immunoturbidimetric assay. In addition to physical examination hematological and serum biochemical analyses were performed to evaluate the overall status of the dogs. Significantly higher concentrations of KC-like (757 vs 304 pg/ml) were detected in dogs with pyometra as compared to healthy dogs. Within the pyometra group, dogs with sepsis compared to dogs without sepsis had a higher KC-like concentration (873 vs 300 pg/ml). Hemoglobin levels were significantly lower in dogs with pyometra compared to healthy dogs, regardless of the presence or absence of sepsis, and correlated negatively with KC-like. KC-like concentrations correlated positively with CRP, number of hospitalization days, number of monocytes, concentrations of IL-8, and percentage band neutrophils. Our data suggest that bacterial infection triggers the expression of KC-like and further studies are warranted of KC-like as a possible biomarker for diagnosing sepsis and uterine bacterial infection in dogs.

  11. 盐酸纳美芬对肺缺血-再灌注损伤大鼠肺组织β-内啡肽与IL-8表达的影响%Effect of nalmefene hydrochloride on the expressions of pulmonary β-endorphin and IL-8 in rats with lung ischemia -reperfusion injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏; 徐标; 曾昆

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究盐酸纳美芬抑制肺缺血-再灌注损伤的作用及其机制。方法将50只大鼠随机均分为模型组、高剂量纳美芬组、低剂量纳美芬组、地塞米松组、假手术组共五组,每组10只。模型组采用阻断左肺门法成功建立肺缺血-再灌注模型。高、低剂量纳美芬组、地塞米松组大鼠分别于模型建立时尾静脉注射纳美芬(20μg/kg、10μg/kg)及地塞米松(5 mg/kg)。假手术组大鼠不阻断肺门,不予任何治疗。各组大鼠于再灌注6h后检测其动脉血气值并处死大鼠,留取左肺上叶组织观察各组大鼠肺组织损伤程度,检测其肺组织湿/干质量比值、MDA、SOD、β-内啡肽及IL-8表达。结果与模型组比较,高、低剂量纳美芬组、地塞米松组动脉血PCO2值、肺组织损伤程度、湿/干质量比值、MDA、β-内啡肽、IL -8表达均显著降低( P 0.05),动脉血PO2值、SOD表达显著升高(P0. 05). Compared with the low dose of nalmefene group, the value of PCO2, the degree of pulmonary lesions, the ratio of wet / dry weight and the expressions of MDA, β-endorphin and IL-8 in lung tissue were significantly decreased (P < 0. 05), but the value of PO2 and the expression of SOD was significantly increased in the high dose nalmefene group(P< 0. 05). Conclusion Nalmefene hydrochloride may inhibit lung ischemia-reperfusion injury and the effect may depend on its dose. One of the mechanisms is that nalmefene may depress the production of β -endorphin and reduce the degree of oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction in lung tissue.

  12. Alantolactone from Saussurea lappa Exerts Antiinflammatory Effects by Inhibiting Chemokine Production and STAT1 Phosphorylation in TNF-α and IFN-γ-induced in HaCaT cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Hye-Sun; Jin, Sung-Eun; Kim, Ohn-Soon; Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo; Jeong, Soo-Jin

    2015-07-01

    Skin inflammation is the most common condition seen in dermatology practice and can be caused by various allergic reactions and certain toxins or chemicals. In the present study, we investigated the antiinflammatory effects of Saussurea lappa, a medicinal herb, and its marker compounds alantolactone, caryophyllene, costic acid, costunolide, and dehydrocostuslactone in the HaCaT human keratinocyte cell line. HaCaT cells were stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), and treated with S. lappa or each of five marker compounds. Chemokine production and expression were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 was determined by immunoblotting. Stimulation with TNF-α and IFN-γ significantly increased the production of the following chemokines: thymus-regulated and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC): regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES): macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC): and interleukin-8 (IL-8). By contrast, S. lappa and the five marker compounds significantly reduced the production of these chemokines by TNF-α and IFN-γ-treated cells. S. lappa and alantolactone suppressed the TNF-α and IFN-γ-stimulated increase in the phosphorylation of STAT1. Our results demonstrate that alantolactone from S. lappa suppresses TNF-α and IFN-γ-induced production of RANTES and IL-8 by blocking STAT1 phosphorylation in HaCaT cells.

  13. Efects of Trimetazidine On-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grarting in Patients with IL-6, IL-8%曲美他嗪对非体外循环冠脉搭桥术患者IL-6、IL-8的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋书田; 张彬; 张楠; 杨明; 白传明; 周继梧

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察曲美他嗪对非体外循环冠状动脉(冠脉)旁路移植术(of-pump coronary artery bypass,OPCAB)患者白介素6(interleukin-6,IL-6)和白介素8(interleukin-8,IL-8)浓度的影响.方法:将103例于我院择期行OPCAB的冠心病患者随机分为曲美他嗪组(52例)和对照组(51例).分别于术前、吻合旁路血管开放后6h、12h、24h、48h抽取静脉血,采用放免法检测血清IL-6和IL-8浓度.结果:2组患者临床特征及手术桥血管情况无统计学意义.曲美他嗪组IL-6浓度在术后6h[(225±16)、(515±81)ng/L]和术后12h[(172±5)、(285±11)ng/L]明显低于对照组(P<0.05).曲美他嗪组的IL-8浓度在术后12h[(638±30)、(893±59)ng/L]和24h[(497±16)、(589±26)ng/L]显著低于对照组(P<0.01).结论:曲美他嗪可降低OPCAB患者IL-6和IL-8的释放.%Objective:To observe the effects of trimetazidine on serum of the patients ,interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 underwent offpump coronary artery bypass.Methods:One hundred and three patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass randomly divided into trimetazidine group(52 cases) and control group(51 cases).To draw vein blood preoperative,postoperative six hours,postoperative twelve hours,postoperative twenty-four hours and postoperative forty-eight hours for analyze interleukin-6 and interleukin-8.Results:There was no significant difference between two groups of clinical characterizes and grafts.The serum interleukin-6 of trimetazidine group was lower than control group after surgery six hours and twelve hours, respectively(P<0.05).The serum interleukin-8 of trimetazidine group was lower than control group after surgery twelve hours and twenty-four hours, respectively(P<0.01).Conclusion:Trimetazidine may reduce the release of the serum level of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 the patients underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass.

  14. Genome-wide association study of genetic variants in LPS-stimulated IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1ra and TNF-α cytokine response in a Danish Cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Margit Hørup; Albrechtsen, Anders; Thørner, Lise Wegner

    2013-01-01

    Cytokine response plays a vital role in various human lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infectious and inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to find genetic variants that might affect the levels of LPS-induced interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1ra and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α cytokine production....

  15. Cultures of human colonic epithelial cells isolated from endoscopical biopsies from patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Effect of IFNgamma, TNFalpha and IL-1beta on viability, butyrate oxidation and IL-8 secretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, G; Saermark, T; Bendtzen, K;

    2000-01-01

    a relative increase of this specific metabolic function in living cells in response to immunoinflammatory stress. IL-8 levels in cell supernatants were increased by TNFalpha + IFNgamma, supporting the role of the epithelium in signalling between luminal factors and mucosal immune cells. In conclusion, we...

  16. Chemokine and chemokine receptors in autoimmunity: the case of primary biliary cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jinjung; Selmi, Carlo; Leung, Patrick S C; Kenny, Thomas P; Roskams, Tania; Gershwin, M Eric

    2016-06-01

    Chemokines represent a major mediator of innate immunity and play a key role in the selective recruitment of cells during localized inflammatory responses. Beyond critical extracellular mediators of leukocyte trafficking, chemokines and their cognate receptors are expressed by a variety of resident and infiltrating cells (monocytes, lymphocytes, NK cells, mast cells, and NKT cells). Chemokines represent ideal candidates for mechanistic studies (particularly in murine models) to better understand the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation and possibly become biomarkers of disease. Nonetheless, therapeutic approaches targeting chemokines have led to unsatisfactory results in rheumatoid arthritis, while biologics against pro-inflammatory cytokines are being used worldwide with success. In this comprehensive review we will discuss the evidence supporting the involvement of chemokines and their specific receptors in mediating the effector cell response, utilizing the autoimmune/primary biliary cholangitis setting as a paradigm.

  17. Expression of specific chemokines and chemokine receptors in the central nervous system of multiple sclerosis patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Torben Lykke; Tani, M; Jensen, J

    1999-01-01

    specific chemokines were expressed in the CNS during acute demyelinating events by analyzing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), whose composition reflects the CNS extracellular space. During MS attacks, we found elevated CSF levels of three chemokines that act toward T cells and mononuclear phagocytes: interferon......Chemokines direct tissue invasion by specific leukocyte populations. Thus, chemokines may play a role in multiple sclerosis (MS), an idiopathic disorder in which the central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory reaction is largely restricted to mononuclear phagocytes and T cells. We asked whether......-gamma-inducible protein of 10 kDa (IP-10); monokine induced by interferon-gamma (Mig); and regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). We then investigated whether specific chemokine receptors were expressed by infiltrating cells in demyelinating MS brain lesions and in CSF. CXCR3, an IP-10...

  18. Cysteine Cathepsins Activate ELR Chemokines and Inactivate Non-ELR Chemokines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repnik, Urska; Starr, Amanda E; Overall, Christopher M; Turk, Boris

    2015-05-29

    Cysteine cathepsins are primarily lysosomal proteases involved in general protein turnover, but they also have specific proteolytic functions in antigen presentation and bone remodeling. Cathepsins are most stable at acidic pH, although growing evidence indicates that they have physiologically relevant activity also at neutral pH. Post-translational proteolytic processing of mature chemokines is a key, yet underappreciated, level of chemokine regulation. Although the role of selected serine proteases and matrix metalloproteases in chemokine processing has long been known, little has been reported about the role of cysteine cathepsins. Here we evaluated cleavage of CXC ELR (CXCL1, -2, -3, -5, and -8) and non-ELR (CXCL9-12) chemokines by cysteine cathepsins B, K, L, and S at neutral pH by high resolution Tris-Tricine SDS-PAGE and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Whereas cathepsin B cleaved chemokines especially in the C-terminal region, cathepsins K, L, and S cleaved chemokines at the N terminus with glycosaminoglycans modulating cathepsin processing of chemokines. The functional consequences of the cleavages were determined by Ca(2+) mobilization and chemotaxis assays. We show that cysteine cathepsins inactivate and in some cases degrade non-ELR CXC chemokines CXCL9-12. In contrast, cathepsins specifically process ELR CXC chemokines CXCL1, -2, -3, -5, and -8 N-terminally to the ELR motif, thereby generating agonist forms. This study suggests that cysteine cathepsins regulate chemokine activity and thereby leukocyte recruitment during protective or pathological inflammation.

  19. Effects of Qubi Zhentong Recipe on the Expressions of IL-1β, IL-8, and VEGF in the Synovial of Rats with Collagen-inducing Arthritis%祛痹镇痛方对胶原诱导性关节炎大鼠滑膜IL-1β、IL-8、VEGF表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余建明; 刘喜德; 曲丕盛; 陶凡; 王云卿

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究中药祛痹镇痛方对胶原诱导性关节炎(collagen induced arthritis,CIA)大鼠滑膜白介素-1β(interleukin-1β,IL-1β)、白介素-8(interleukin-8,IL-8)、血管内皮生长因子(vascular endothelial growth factor,VEGF)表达的影响,探讨祛痹镇痛方治疗CIA的作用机制.方法 选用健康雄性Wistar大鼠,随机分为造模组(50只)及正常对照组(正常组,10只),造模组采用牛Ⅱ型胶原(type Ⅱ collagen of bovine,BCⅡ)乳剂于大鼠尾根部及颈背部多点注射,建立CIA模型.造模成功后,选取30只造模成功大鼠随机分为模型组(10只)、甲氨喋呤(methotrexate,MTX)组(10只)、祛痹镇痛方组(中药组,10只).中药组大鼠按22.9 g/kg剂量灌胃中药祛痹镇痛方,正常组、模型组灌胃等量生理盐水,每日1次,MTX组按 0.78 mg/kg剂量灌胃MTX混悬液,每周1次.给药30天后,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠滑膜IL-1β、IL-8、VEGF水平,并予给药前后进行关节炎指数(arthritis index,AI)评分.结果 与模型组及本组治疗前比较,治疗后中药组和MTX组大鼠AI评分明显降低(P 0.05).结论 降低CIA大鼠滑膜IL-1β、IL-8、VEGF水平可能是中药祛痹镇痛方治疗CIA的作用机制之一.%Objective To research the effects of Qubi Zhentong Recipe (QZR)on the expressions of interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)in the synovial of rats with collagen-inducing arthritis (CIA), and to discuss its mechanisms of action. Methods Healthy male Wistar rats were recruited and randomly divided into the model group ( n =50)and the normal control group ( n =10). Rats of the model group were injected with type Ⅱ collagen of bovine (BC Ⅱ )emulsion in the tail and nape to establish the CIA model. After successful modeling, 30 successfully modeled rats were selected and randomly divided into three groups ,i.e., the model group (n=10),the QZR group ( n =10) ,and the methotrexate (MTX)group ( n = 10

  20. Cascade quantum teleportation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Nan-run; GONG Li-hua; LIU Ye

    2006-01-01

    In this letter a cascade quantum teleportation scheme is proposed. The proposed scheme needs less local quantum operations than those of quantum multi-teleportation. A quantum teleportation scheme based on entanglement swapping is presented and compared with the cascade quantum teleportation scheme. Those two schemes can effectively teleport quantum information and extend the distance of quantum communication.

  1. Induction of IL-6 and inhibition of IL-8 secretion in the human airway cell line Calu-3 by urban particulate matter collected with a modified method of PM sampling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alfaro-Moreno, Ernesto, E-mail: ealfaro.incan@gmail.com [Lung Toxicology Unit, Pneumology Section, K.U. Leuven (Belgium); Subdireccion de Investigacion Basica, Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Avenida San Fernando 22, C.P. 14080, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Torres, Victor [Departamento Farmacologia, Facultad de Medicina, U.N.A.M. (Mexico); Miranda, Javier [Departamento de Fisica Experimental, Instituto de Fisca, U.N.A.M. (Mexico); Martinez, Leticia [Deparatmento de Aerobiologia, Centro de Ciencias de la Atmosfera - Facultad de Medicina, U.N.A.M. (Mexico); Garcia-Cuellar, Claudia [Subdireccion de Investigacion Basica, Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Avenida San Fernando 22, C.P. 14080, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Nawrot, Tim S.; Vanaudenaerde, Bart; Hoet, Peter [Lung Toxicology Unit, Pneumology Section, K.U. Leuven (Belgium); Ramirez-Lopez, Pavel [Escuela Superior de Ingenieria Quimica e Industrias Extractivas, I.P.N. (Mexico); Rosas, Irma [Deparatmento de Aerobiologia, Centro de Ciencias de la Atmosfera - Facultad de Medicina, U.N.A.M. (Mexico); Nemery, Benoit [Lung Toxicology Unit, Pneumology Section, K.U. Leuven (Belgium); Osornio-Vargas, Alvaro Roman [Subdireccion de Investigacion Basica, Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Avenida San Fernando 22, C.P. 14080, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2009-07-15

    Exposure to particulate matter (PM) induces inflammatory cytokines. In the present study, we evaluated the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 by an airway cell line exposed to PM with a mean aerodynamic size equal to or less than 10 or 2.5 {mu}m (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5}, respectively) collected in Mexico City, using a modified high-volume sampling method avoiding the use of solvents or introducing membrane components into the samples. PM was collected on cellulose-nitrate (CN) membranes modified for collection on high-volume samplers. Composition of the particles was evaluated by particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and scanning electron microscopy. The particles (10-160 {mu}g/cm{sup 2}) were tested on Calu-3 cells. Control cultures were exposed to LPS (10 ng/mL to 100 {mu}g/mL) or silica (10-160 {mu}g/cm{sup 2}). IL-6 and IL-8 secretions were evaluated by ELISA. An average of 10 mg of PM was recovered form each cellulose-nitrate filter. No evidence of contamination from the filter was found. Cells exposed to PM{sub 10} presented an increase in the secretion of IL-6 (up to 400%), while IL-8 decreased (from 40% to levels below the detection limit). A similar but weaker effect was observed with PM{sub 2.5}. In conclusion, our modified sampling method provides a large amount of urban PM free of membrane contamination. The urban particles induce a decrease in IL-8 secretion that contrasts with the LPS and silica effects. These results suggest that the regulation of IL-8 expression is different for urban particles (complex mixture containing combustion-related particles, soil and biologic components) than for biogenic compounds or pure mineral particles.

  2. Anti-inflammatory activity of probiotic Bifidobacterium:Enhancement of IL-10 production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from ulcerative colitis patients and inhibition of IL-8 secretion in HT-29 cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Akemi Imaoka; Tatsuichiro Shima; Kimitoshi Kato; Shigeaki Mizuno; Toshiki Uehara; Satoshi Matsumoto; Hiromi Setoyama; Taeko Hara; Yoshinori Umesaki

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To determine the anti-inflammatory activity of probiotic Bifidobacteria in Bifidobacteria-fermented milk (BFM) which is effective against active ulcerative colitis (UC) and exacerbations of UC, and to explore the immunoregulatory mechanisms.METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC)from UC patients or HT-29 cells were co-cultured with heat-killed probiotic bacteria or culture supernatant of Bifidobacterium breve strain Yakult (BbrY) or Bifidobacterium bifidum strain Yakult (BbiY) to estimate the amount of IL-10 or IL-8 secreted.RESULTS: Both strains of probiotic Bifidobacteria contained in the BFM induced IL-10 production in PBMNC from UC patients, though BbrY was more effective than BbiY.Conditioned medium (CM) and DNA of both strains inhibited IL-8 secretion in HT-29 cells stimulated with TNF-α, whereas no such effect was observed with heatkilled bacteria.The inhibitory effect of CM derived from BbiY was greater than that of CM derived from BbrY.DNAs of the two strains had a comparable inhibitory activity against the secretion of IL-8.CM of BbiY induced a repression of IL-8 gene expression with a higher expression of IκB-ζ mRNA 4 h after culture of HT-29 cells compared to that in the absence of CM.CONCLUSION: Probiotic Bifidobacterium strains in BFM enhance IL-10 production in PBMNC and inhibit IL-8 secretion in intestinal epithelial cells, suggesting that BFM has anti-inflammatory effects against ulcerative colitis.

  3. The effects of colloids or crystalloids on acute respiratory distress syndrome in swine (Sus scrofa models with severe sepsis: analysis on extravascular lung water, IL-8, and VCAM-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rismala Dewi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS is a fatal complication of severe sepsis. Due to its higher molecular weight, the use of colloids in fluid resuscitation may be associated with fewer cases of ARDS compared to crystalloids. Extravascular lung water (EVLW elevation and levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1 have been studied as indicators playing a role in the pathogenesis of ARDS. The aim of the study was to determine the effects of colloid or crystalloid on the incidence of ARDS, elevation of EVLW, and levels of IL-8 and VCAM-1, in swine models with severe sepsis.Methods: This was a randomized trial conducted at the Laboratory of Experimental Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, IPB, using 22 healthy swine models with a body weight of 8 to 12 kg. Subjects were randomly allocated to receive either colloid or crystalloid fluid resuscitation. After administration of endotoxin, clinical signs of ARDS, EVLW, IL-8, and VCAM-1 were monitored during sepsis, severe sepsis, and one- and three hours after fluid resuscitation. Analysis of data using the Wilcoxon test , Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney test, unpaired t test.Results: Mild ARDS was more prevalent in the colloid group, while moderate ARDS was more frequent in the crystalloid group. EVLW elevation was lower in the colloid compared to the crystalloid group. There was no significant difference in IL-8 and VCAM-1 levels between the two groups.Conclusion: The use of colloids in fluid resuscitation does not decrease the probability of ARDS events compared to crystalloids. Compared to crystalloids, colloids are associated with a lower increase in EVLWI, but not with IL-8 or VCAM-1 levels.

  4. Analysis of a Panel of 48 Cytokines in BAL Fluids Specifically Identifies IL-8 Levels as the Only Cytokine that Distinguishes Controlled Asthma from Uncontrolled Asthma, and Correlates Inversely with FEV1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosoki, Koa; Ying, Sun; Corrigan, Christopher; Qi, Huibin; Kurosky, Alexander; Jennings, Kristofer; Sun, Qian; Boldogh, Istvan; Sur, Sanjiv

    2015-01-01

    We sought to identify cells and cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids that distinguish asthma from healthy control subjects and those that distinguish controlled asthma from uncontrolled asthma. Following informed consent, 36 human subjects were recruited for this study. These included 11 healthy control subjects, 15 subjects with controlled asthma with FEV1≥80% predicted and 10 subjects with uncontrolled asthma with FEV1 cytokines were measured in these fluids. Compared to healthy control subjects, patients with asthma had significantly more percentages of eosinophils and neutrophils, IL-1RA, IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2Rα, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, G-CSF, GROα (CXCL1), MIP-1β (CCL4), MIG (CXCL9), RANTES (CCL5) and TRAIL in their BAL fluids. The only inflammatory markers that distinguished controlled asthma from uncontrolled asthma were neutrophil percentage and IL-8 levels, and both were inversely correlated with FEV1. We examined whether grouping asthma subjects on the basis of BAL eosinophil % or neutrophil % could identify specific cytokine profiles. The only differences between neutrophil-normal asthma (neutrophil≤2.4%) and neutrophil-high asthma (neutrophils%>2.4%) were a higher BAL fluid IL-8 levels, and a lower FEV1 in the latter group. By contrast, compared to eosinophil-normal asthma (eosinophils≤0.3%), eosinophil-high asthma (eosinophils>0.3%) had higher levels of IL-5, IL-13, IL-16, and PDGF-bb, but same neutrophil percentage, IL-8, and FEV1. Our results identify neutrophils and IL-8 are the only inflammatory components in BAL fluids that distinguish controlled asthma from uncontrolled asthma, and both correlate inversely with FEV1.

  5. Gene cloning and expression of Inertleukin-8(IL-8) from Orange-Spotted Grouper (Epinephelus coioides)%斜带石斑鱼白细胞介素8基因的克隆与表达分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡云凤; 孙军; 林小涛; 梁卉

    2010-01-01

    为了研究斜带石斑鱼(Epinephelus coioides)白细胞介素8(IL-8)的结构和功能,本实验对其基因序列进行了克隆和分析. 运用RACE-PCR方法,从斜带石斑鱼总RNA反转录cDNA库中获得了961 bp 长的cDNA全序列. 同时利用RT-PCR 技术,检测了微壁溶球菌诱导前后该基因在斜带石斑鱼体内不同组织之间的表达差异. 结果表明,斜带石斑鱼IL-8cDNA序列包含235 bp 的5′非编码区,438 bp的3′端非编码区和288 bp 的开放阅读框,编码95个氨基酸. 未诱导前,斜带石斑鱼IL-8基因主要在心、头肾、脾和肝脏中表达,在鳃和肠中量表达,在胃、肌和皮中几乎没有表达;诱导后,IL-8基因强烈表达于所有取样器官. 所获得的斜带石斑鱼IL-8基因是一种与炎症作用有关的CXC亚族趋化性因子.

  6. Effect of endostar combined with paclitaxel liposome and radiotherapy simultaneously on serum CYFRA21-1, CEA, SCCA, CA125, IL-8 and T lymphocyte subsets in patients with advanced cervical cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Jing Yang; Lu Wang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect of endostar combined with paclitaxel liposome and radiotherapy simultaneously on serum CYFRA21-1, CEA, SCCA, CA125, IL-8 and T lymphocyte subsets in patients with advanced cervical cancer.Methods:A total of 72 patients with advanced cervical cancer in our hospital from January 2014 to February 2016 were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into control group (n=36) and experiment group (n=36) randomly. The control group were treated with radiotherapy, the experiment group were treated with endostar combined with paclitaxel liposome and radiotherapy simultaneously. 3 weeks for a period of treatment and the two groups were treated for 4 periods. The serum CYFRA21-1, CEA, SCCA, CA125, IL-8 levels and peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ cells of the two groups before and after treatment were compared.Results:There were no significantly differences of the serum CYFRA21-1, CEA, SCCA, CA125, IL-8 levels and peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ cells of the two groups before treatment. The serum CYFRA21-1, CEA, SCCA, CA125 and IL-8 levels of the two groups after treatment were significantly lower than before treatment, and that of experiment were significantly lower than control group. The peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+ cells of the two groups after treatment were significantly lower than before treatment, CD8+ cells of the two groups after treatment were significantly higher than before treatment, and that of experiment group were significantly better than control group.Conclusion: Endostar combined with paclitaxel liposome and radiotherapy simultaneously can significantly reduce the serum CYFRA21-1, CEA, SCCA, CA125 and IL-8 levels, improve peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ levels of patients with advanced cervical cancer, and it was worthy clinical application.

  7. Chemokine Receptors as Biomarkers in Multiple Sclerosis

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    Robert J. Fox

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Leukocyte infiltrates characterize tissue inflammation and are thought to be integral in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS. This attribute underlines the importance of understanding mechanisms of leukocyte migration. Chemokines are secreted proteins which govern leukocyte trafficking into targeted organs. Chemokine receptors (CKR are differentially expressed on leukocytes and their modulation is a potential target for MS disease modifying therapies. Chemokines and their receptors are also potential biomarkers of both disease activity and response to treatment. We describe the fluctuations in CKR expression on peripheral leukocytes in a group of MS patients followed longitudinally for up to 36 months. We observed little fluctuation in CKR expression within each patient over time, despite considerable variability in CKR expression between patients. These observations suggest that individual patients have a CKR set point, and this set point varies from one patient to another. Evaluation of chemokines or chemokine receptors as biomarkers in MS will need to account for this individual variability in CKR expression.

  8. Lower Serum Vitamin D Metabolite Levels in Relation to Circulating Cytokines/Chemokines and Metabolic Hormones in Pregnant Women with Hypertensive Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adela, Ramu; Borkar, Roshan M.; Mishra, Navneeta; Bhandi, Murali Mohan; Vishwakarma, Gayatri; Varma, B. Aparna; Ragampeta, Srinivas; Banerjee, Sanjay K.

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether lower serum vitamin D metabolite levels were associated with altered cytokine/chemokine and metabolic hormone levels in three different hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP). Healthy pregnancy (n = 30) and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) (n = 30), i.e., gestational hypertension (GH), preeclampsia (PE), and eclampsia (EC) subjects were enrolled. Vitamin D metabolites were measured by UPLC/APCI/HRMS method. Circulatory 27 cytokines/chemokines and 10 metabolic hormones were measured. Significantly decreased 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D levels were observed in HDP. The levels of 25(OH)D were significantly lower in PE and EC, whereas the serum levels of 1,25(OH)2D significantly decreased only in EC subjects. Serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)2D levels were negatively correlated with systolic- and diastolic blood pressure, creatinine, and uric acid levels. Serum interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-13 decreased, and GIP levels were increased in gestational hypertensive subjects. Platelet-derived growth factor-BB and IL-8 levels were increased and macrophage inflammatory protein-1beta levels were decreased in EC subjects. IL-8 and IL-10 increased, and rantes and GIP levels decreased in the EC group as compared with the GH group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that eotaxin, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, 25(OH)D, and 1,25(OH)2D were predictors of HDP. Our analyses suggest that lower vitamin D metabolites are associated with altered cytokines/chemokines and metabolic hormones in HDP.

  9. 乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血浆leptin和血清CA15-3、IL-8、hs-CRP检测的临床意义%Clinical Significance of Determination of Changes of Plasma Leptin and Serum CA15-3, IL-8,hs-CRP Levels Both Before and After Operation in Patients with Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大林; 南云广; 刘敬西; 顾丹; 刘伟

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨乳腺癌患者手术治疗前后血浆leptin和血清CA15-3、IL-8、hs-CRP水平的变化及临床意义.方法 应用放射免疫分析和免疫比浊法对31例乳腺癌患者进行了手术治疗前后血浆leptin和血清CA15-3、IL-8、hs-CRP检测,并与35名正常人作比较.结果 乳腺癌患者在手术治疗前血浆leptin和血清CA15-3、IL-8、hs-CRP水平非常显著地高于正常人组(P0.05).结论 血浆leptin和血清CA15-3、IL-8、hs-CRP水平的变化在乳腺癌的发生和发展中相互作用,观察其浓度的变化对探讨乳腺癌的发病机理、预防和治疗均有重要的临床价值.%Objective To study the clinical significance of changes of plasma leptin and serum CA15-3, IL-8, hs-CRP levels after operation in patients with breast cancer. Methods Plasma leptin and serum IL-8 ,CA15-3(with RIA) serum hs-CRP(with immu-noturbility method)levels were measured in 33 patients with breast cancer both before and after operation as well as in 35 normal con-trols. Results Before operation, plasma leptin and serum CA15-3,IL-8,hs-CRP levels were signifuMntiy higher than those in controls (P0.05). Conclusion These cytokines participated in the pathogenesis of breast cancer and monitoring the serum levels might be helpful to the prevention management of such malignancies.

  10. The dynamic monitor critically ill pneumonia patient blood and the bronchial tube pulmonary alveolus fill in the cleaning solution IL-6, IL-8, the IL-10 content and significance%动态监测重症肺炎患者血液和支气管肺泡灌洗液中 IL-6、IL-8、IL-10 的含量及其意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国保; 李沛

    2009-01-01

    Objective The dynamic monitor critically ill pneumonia patient blood and in the bronchial tube pulmonary alveolus syringe fluid IL-6, IL-8, the IL-10 density change, discusses its clinical significance. Methods Receives this courtyard ICU the critically ill pneumonia patient, the selected patient in the course the 1st day, CPIS grades >6 to divide into the CPIS high grouping, the CPIS grading ≤6 divides into CPIS the low grouping. In the course 1st, 4, 7 day of extraction circumference venous blood makes the cell factor determination as well as the bronchial tube pulmonary alveolus syringe fluid inspection. Results Regardless in the blood in BALF, CPIS high grouping's IL-6, the IL-8 level is lower than CPIS the grouping obvious markup, the difference has the remarkable significance (P<0.01), CPIS groups the IL-10 level to be lower than high the grouping group CPIS to be slightly high, but not yet reaches the remarkable difference;In blood and BALF IL-6, IL-8 level and CPIS grading present related (P<0.05), in blood and BALF IL-10 level and CPIS grading not obvious relevance.Conclusion The critically ill pneumonia patient blood and in the bronchial tube pulmonary alveolus syringe fluid IL-6, the IL-8 level may reflect that the lung infects the degree, IL-8, the IL-10 level and the change tendency may reflect the patient prognosis situation.%目的 动态监测重症肺炎患者血液和支气管肺泡灌洗液中 IL-6、IL-8、IL-10 的浓度变化,探讨其临床意义.方法 收住本院ICU的重症肺炎患者,入选患者在病程的第 1 天,CPIS 评分>6 分为 CPIS高分组,CPIS 评分≤6 分为 CPIS 低分组.在病程的第 1、4、7 天抽取外周静脉血做细胞因子测定以及支气管肺泡灌洗液检查.结果 无论在血液中还是在 BALF 中,CPIS 高分组的 IL-6、IL-8水平比 CPIS 低分组明显增高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),CPIS 高分组 IL-10 水平比 CPIS 低分组组稍高,但尚未达显著差异;血液和 BALF

  11. Chemokines in CSF of Alzheimer's disease patients

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    Jôice Dias Corrêa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Some studies have linked the presence of chemokines to the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD. Then, the identification of these mediators may contribute to diagnosis. Our objective was to evaluate the levels of beta-amyloid (BA, tau, phospho-tau (p-tau and chemokines (CCL2, CXCL8 and CXCL10 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF of patients with AD and healthy controls. The correlation of these markers with clinical parameters was also evaluated. The levels of p-tau were higher in AD compared to controls, while the tau/p-tau ratio was decreased. The expression of CCL2 was increased in AD. A positive correlation was observed between BA levels and all chemokines studied, and between CCL2 and p-tau levels. Our results suggest that levels of CCL2 in CSF are involved in the pathogenesis of AD and it may be an additional useful biomarker for monitoring disease progression.

  12. Chemokine Receptors in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

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    Goda G. Muralidhar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian carcinoma is the deadliest gynecologic malignancy with very poor rate of survival, and it is characterized by the presence of vast incurable peritoneal metastasis. Studies of the role of chemokine receptors, a family of proteins belonging to the group of G protein-coupled receptors, in ovarian carcinoma strongly placed this family of membrane receptors as major regulators of progression of this malignancy. In this review, we will discuss the roles that chemokine-receptor interactions play to support angiogenesis, cell proliferation, migration, adhesion, invasion, metastasis, and immune evasion in progression of ovarian carcinoma. Data regarding the role that the chemokine receptors play in the disease progression accumulated insofar strongly suggest that this family of proteins could be good therapeutic targets against ovarian carcinoma.

  13. Molecular piracy of chemokine receptors by herpesviruses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, P M

    1994-01-01

    To succeed as a biological entity, viruses must exploit normal cellular functions and elude the host immune system; they often do so by molecular mimicry. One way that mimicry may occur is when viruses copy and modify host genes. The best studied examples of this are the oncogenes of RNA retroviruses, but a growing number of examples are also known for DNA viruses. So far they all come from just two groups of DNA viruses, the herpesviruses and poxviruses, and the majority of examples are for genes whose products regulate immune responses, such as cytokines, cytokine receptors, and complement control proteins. This review will focus on human and herpesvirus receptors for chemokines, a family of leukocyte chemoattractant and activating factors that are thought to be important mediators of inflammation. Although the biological roles of the viral chemokine receptor homologues are currently unknown, their connection to specific sets of chemokines has suggested a number of possible functions.

  14. Chemokine signaling involving chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 plays a role in descending pain facilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Guo; Hu Wang; Shiping Zou; Ronald Dubner; Ke Ren

    2012-01-01

    Objective Despite accumulating evidence on a role of immune cells and their associated chemicals in mechanisms of pain,few studies have addressed the potential role of chemokines in the descending facilitation of persistent pain.The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) (commonly known as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) signaling in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM),a pivotal structure in brainstem pain modulatory circuitry,is involved in descending pain facilitation in rats.Methods An L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) was produced in rats under pentobarbital anesthesia.Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression levels of CCL2 and CCL2 receptor (CCR2),and examine their distributions compared with the neuronal marker NeuN as well as glial markers glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP,astroglial) and CD11b (microglial),respectively.Results SNL induced an increase in CCL2 expression in the RVM,and this returned to the control level at 4 weeks after injury.The induced CCL2 colocalized with NeuN,but not with GFAP and CD11b.CCR2 was also upregulated by SNL in the RVM,and this increase lasted for at least 4 weeks.CCR2 was colocalized with CD1 1b but not GFAP.Few RVM neurons also exhibited CCR2 staining.Neutralizing CCL2 with an anti-CCL2 antibody (0.2-20 ng) or injecting RS-102895 (0.1-10 pmol),a CCR2b chemokine receptor antagonist,into the RVM on day 1 after SNL,significantly attenuated the established thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity.In addition,injection of recombinant rat CCL2 (0.03-3pmol) into the RVM induced dose-dependent hyperalgesia,which was prevented by pretreatment with RS-102895 (10pmol).Interleukin-1β (IL-1β),a potent inducer of neuronal CCL2,was also selectively upregulated in RVM reactive astrocytes.Injection of IL-1β (120 fmol) into the RVM induced behavioral hyperalgesia,which was blocked by RS-102895(10 pmol).However,an IL-1 receptor antagonist (3

  15. Chemokines and chemokine receptors expression in the lesions of patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilka Luisa Diaz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL presents distinct active clinical forms with different grades of severity, known as localised (LCL, intermediate (ICL and diffuse (DCL cutaneous leishmaniasis. LCL and DCL are associated with a polarised T-helper (Th1 and Th2 immune response, respectively, whereas ICL, or chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis, is associated with an exacerbated immune response and a mixed cytokine expression profile. Chemokines and chemokine receptors are involved in cellular migration and are critical in the inflammatory response. Therefore, we evaluated the expression of the chemokines CXCL10, CCL4, CCL8, CCL11 and CXCL8 and the chemokine receptors CCR3, CXCR3, CCR5 and CCR7 in the lesions of patients with different clinical forms of ACL using immunohistochemistry. LCL patients exhibited a high density of CXCL10+, CCL4+ and CCL8+ cells, indicating an important role for these chemokines in the local Th1 immune response and the migration of CXCR3+ cells. LCL patients showed a higher density of CCR7+ cells than ICL or DCL patients, suggesting major dendritic cell (DC migration to lymph nodes. Furthermore, DCL was associated with low expression levels of Th1-associated chemokines and CCL11+ epidermal DCs, which contribute to the recruitment of CCR3+ cells. Our findings also suggest an important role for epidermal cells in the induction of skin immune responses through the production of chemokines, such as CXCL10, by keratinocytes.

  16. Role of JNK signal transduction pathway in IL-8 and TNF-α secretion from alveolar macrophages induced by mechanical ventilation with large-tidal volume in rabbits%JNK信号转导通路在大潮气量机械通气诱发兔肺泡巨噬细胞分泌IL-8和TNF-α中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童瑾; Juliy M.Perelman; Victor P.Kolosov

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway in IL-8 and TNF-α secretion from alveolar macrophages induced by mechanical ventilation with large-tidal volume in rabbits. Methods Thirty male New Zealand white rabbits weighing 210-260 g were randomly divided into 330-40 bpm, PEEP 0), and SB203580 group (group S). The animals were anesthetized with iv pentobarbital sodium 40 mg/kg, traeheostomized and mechanically ventilated. Group C received no mechanical ventilation. The animals were mechanically ventilated for 3 days in group V. The animals were mechanically ventilated for 3 days and SB203580 (a specific JNK inhibitor) 6 mg/kg was injected via the ear vein every day during ventilation (the ventilation parameters were the same as those in group V). The animals were then sacrificed by exsanguination. The concentrations of IL-8 and TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined by ELISA and the alveolar macrophages were collected. After the macrophages were cultured for 2 h in vitro, the expression of IL-8 mRNA and TNF-α mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Results Compared with group C, the levels of IL-8 , TNF-α,IL-8 mRNA and TNF-α mRNA were significantly increased in group V (P<0.05). Compared with group V, the levels of TNF-α and TNF-α mRNA were significantly decreased ( P < 0.01 ), but no significant change was found in the levels of IL-8 and IL-8 mRNA in group S ( P > 0.05). Conclusion JNK signal transduction pathway plays an important role in TNF-α secretion from alveolar macrophages induced by mechanical ventilation with large-tidal volume in rabbits, but is not involved the secretion of TNF-α.%目的 评价c-Jun氨基末端激酶(JNK)在大潮气量机械通气诱发兔肺泡巨噬细胞分泌IL-8和TNF-α中的作用.方法 清洁级雄性新西兰白兔30只,体重210~260 g,随机分为3组(n=10):正常对照组(C组)不予任何刺激;机械通气组(V组)大潮气量机械通气3 d

  17. Chemokines and Chemokine Receptors: Their Manifold Roles in Homeostasis and Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YingyingLe; YeZhou; PabloIribarren; JiMingWang

    2004-01-01

    Chemokines are a superfamily of small proteins that bind to G protein-coupled receptors on target cells and were originally discovered as mediators of directional migration of immune cells to sites of inflammation and injury. In recent years, it has become clear that the function of chemokines extends well beyond the role in leukocyte chemotaxis. They participate in organ development, angiogenesis/angiostasis, leukocyte trafficking and homing, tumorigenesis and metastasis, as well as in immune responses to microbial infection. Therefore, chemokines and their receptors are important targets for modulation of host responses in pathophysiological conditions and for therapeutic intervention of human diseases. Cellular & Molecular Immunology. 2004;1(2):95-104.

  18. Chemokines and Chemokine Receptors: Their Manifold Roles in Homeostasis and Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yingying Le; Ye Zhou; Pablo Iribarren; Ji Ming Wang

    2004-01-01

    Chemokines are a superfamily of small proteins that bind to G protein-coupled receptors on target cells and were originally discovered as mediators of directional migration of immune cells to sites of inflammation and injury. In recent years, it has become clear that the function of chemokines extends well beyond the role in leukocyte chemotaxis. They participate in organ development, angiogenesis/angiostasis, leukocyte trafficking and homing, tumorigenesis and metastasis, as well as in immune responses to microbial infection. Therefore,chemokines and their receptors are important targets for modulation of host responses in pathophysiological conditions and for therapeutic intervention of human diseases.

  19. Roles of Chemokines in Thymopoiesis: Redundancy and Regulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WenxianFu; WeifengChen

    2004-01-01

    Thymus is the primary lymphoid organ involved in the development of thymocytes. Maturation related events of thymocytes within thymus, especially the widely discussed directional migration of thymocytes, is regulated by chemokines via chemokine receptors mediated signaling pathway. Multiple types of chemokines and chemokine receptors, as components of the network-interaction within thymic microenvironment, are involved in the thymopoiesis. It appears that these chemokines are functionally redundant and such phenomenon may be explained not only by the promiscuous, non-one-to-one matching between ligands-receptors within CXC or CC chemokine subfamily, but also by the various spatio-temporal expression patterns within different cell types and developmental stages. The redundancy and regulation of thymus expressed chemokines and chemokine receptors during thymocyte development are herein discussed. Cellular & Molecular Immunology.

  20. Roles of Chemokines in Thymopoiesis: Redundancy and Regulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenxian Fu; Weifeng Chen

    2004-01-01

    Thymus is the primary lymphoid organ involved in the development of thymocytes. Maturation related events of thymocytes within thymus, especially the widely discussed directional migration of thymocytes, is regulated by chemokines via chemokine receptors mediated signaling pathway. Multiple types of chemokines and chemokine receptors, as components of the network-interaction within thymic microenvironment, are involved in the thymopoiesis. It appears that these chemokines are functionally redundant and such phenomenon may be explained not only by the promiscuous, non-one-to-one matching between ligands-receptors within CXC or CC chemokine subfamily, but also by the various spatio-temporal expression patterns within different cell types and developmental stages. The redundancy and regulation of thymus expressed chemokines and chemokine receptors during thymocyte development are herein discussed.

  1. Cytokine, chemokine, and growth factor profile of platelet-rich plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mussano, F; Genova, T; Munaron, L; Petrillo, S; Erovigni, F; Carossa, S

    2016-07-01

    During wound healing, biologically active molecules are released from platelets. The rationale of using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) relies on the concentration of bioactive molecules and subsequent delivery to healing sites. These bioactive molecules have been seldom simultaneously quantified within the same PRP preparation. In the present study, the flexible Bio-Plex system was employed to assess the concentration of a large range of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in 16 healthy volunteers so as to determine whether significant baseline differences may be found. Besides IL-1b, IL-1ra, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-13, IL-17, INF-γ, TNF-α, MCP-1, MIP-1a, RANTES, bFGF, PDGF, and VEGF that were already quantified elsewhere, the authors reported also on the presence of IL-2, IL-5, IL-7, IL-9, IL-10, IL-15 G-CSF, GM-CSF, Eotaxin, CXCL10 chemokine (IP-10), and MIP 1b. Among the most interesting results, it is convenient to mention the high concentrations of the HIV-suppressive and inflammatory cytokine RANTES and a statistically significant difference between males and females in the content of PDGF-BB. These data are consistent with previous reports pointing out that gender, diet, and test system affect the results of platelet function in healthy subjects, but seem contradictory when compared to other quantification assays in serum and plasma. The inconsistencies affecting the experimental results found in literature, along with the variability found in the content of bioactive molecules, urge further research, hopefully in form of randomized controlled clinical trials, in order to find definitive evidence of the efficacy of PRP treatment in various pathologic and regenerative conditions.

  2. Effects of open lung concept on respiratory function and the levels of TNF-α、IL-8 after cardiopulmonary bypass%肺开放策略对体外循环后呼吸功能及TNF-α IL-8的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲崇俊; 高增栋; 陆晨希; 薛群; 李峰; 姚小平; 刘麟

    2008-01-01

    目的 研究肺开放策略(OLC)对体外循环(CPB)手术后呼吸功能及肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白细胞介素-8(IL-8)水平的影响.方法 选择24例心内直视手术患者,随机分成常规机械通气组(CMV)、早期肺开放组(EOL)、晚期肺开放组(LOL),EOL组在气管插管后实施肺开放策略,LOL组到达ICU后30 min实施肺开放策略:分别于术前、CPB后及到ICU后120、240及360 min记录各项呼吸指标:吸氧浓度、气道峰压、实际潮气量和呼气末气道正压(PEEP),计算动态肺顺应性.以酶联免疫吸附反应(ELISA)技术于术前、CPB后及到ICU后3、5、24和48 h测定TNF-α、IL-8水平.结果 CMV组及LOL组CPB后肺动态顺应性较术前明显下降(P<0.01);EOL组肺动态顺应性CPB后未见下降;LOL组经实施肺开放后肺动态顺应性逐渐上升,但在到ICU 120 min前肺动态顺应性仍低于EOL组(P<0.05);维持肺开放的最低PEEP LOL组高于EOL组(P<0.01).CPB后各组TNF-α水平均较术前显著升高(P<0.01),上升幅度EOL组低于LOL、CMV组,组间比较差异具有显著性(P<0.01);CPB后EOL组TNF-α水平逐渐下降,LOL、CMV组TNF-α水平进一步上升,在到达ICU后3 h达峰值.IL-8水平在两肺开放组呈显著下降趋势,EOL组在到ICU后24h恢复术前水平,LOL组在到ICU后48h后恢复术前水平,但CMV组各时点均显著高于术前(P<0.01).结论 OLC可减少CPB后炎性细胞因子的释放从而减轻CPB相关的肺损伤,早期实施OLC优于晚期实施OLC.

  3. Effect of Orally Administered Enterococcus faecium EF1 on Intestinal Cytokines and Chemokines Production of Suckling Piglets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Huang§, Ya-li Li, Qin Huang, Zhi-wen Cui, Dong-you Yu, Imran Rashid Rajput, Cai-hong Hu and Wei-fen Li*

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the effect of orally administered Enterococcus faecium EF1 on intestinal cytokines and chemokines production in piglets. Twenty-four newborn piglets were randomly divided into two groups. The treatment group (T1, orally administered sterilized (110 ºC for 30 min skim milk 10% (2 ml/piglet/day with addition of viable E. faecium EF1 (5~6×108 cfu/ml on 1st, 3rd and 5th day after birth. The control group (T0, were fed the same volume of sterilized skim milk without addition of probiotics. Feeding trial was conducted for 25 days of suckling age. At the end of trail six piglets were randomly selected from each group to collect the samples of jejunum and ileum mucosa to observe the cytokines and chemokines production. The results showed that concentrations of IL-10 and TGF-β1 significantly increased in T1 group. Whereas, production of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12, IFN-γ and IL-8 decreased in T1 compared to T0. Levels of TNF-α were increased in jejunal mucosa, while decreased in ileal mucosa comparatively in T1 group. Our findings revealed that oral administration of E. faecium EF1 induced a strong anti-inflammatory response in the small intestine. These immunomodulatory effects of this bacterium might contribute to maintenance of immune homeostasis in the intestine of piglets.

  4. Unique cytokine and chemokine patterns in bronchoalveolar lavage are associated with specific causative pathogen among HIV infected patients with pneumonia, in Medellin, Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keynan, Yoav; Rueda, Zulma V; Aguilar, Yudy; Trajtman, Adriana; Vélez, Lázaro A

    2015-06-01

    We wanted to investigate the pro-inflammatory cytokine/chemokine profile associated with the etiological agents identified in HIV patients. Immunosuppressed patients admitted to two hospitals in Medellin, Colombia, with clinical and radiographic diagnosis of pneumonia were enrolled in the study. After consent, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was collected for bacterial, mycobacterial and fungal diagnosis. All patients were followed for a year. A stored BAL sample was used for cytokine/chemokine detection and measurement using commercial, magnetic human cytokine bead-based 19-plex assays. Statistical analysis was performed by assigning cytokine/chemokine concentrations levels into 75 percentile (higher). Principal component analysis (PCA) and Kruskal-Wallis analysis were conducted to identify the clustering of cytokines with the various infectious etiologies (fungi, Mycobacterium tuberculosis - MTB, and bacteria). Average age of patients was 35, of whom 77% were male, and the median CD4 count of 33cells/μl. Of the 57 HIV infected patients, in-hospital mortality was 12.3% and 33% died within a year of follow up. The PCA revealed increased IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, IL-17, Eotaxin, GCSF, MIP-1α, and MIP-1β concentrations to be associated with MTB infection. In patients with proven fungal infection, low concentrations of IL-1RA, IL-8, TNF-α and VEGF were identified. Bacterial infections displayed a distinct cytokine pattern and were not misclassified using the MTB or fungi cytokine patterns (p-value<0.0001). Our results indicate a unique pattern of pro-inflammatory cytokine/chemokine, allowing differentiation between bacterial and non-bacterial pathogens. Moreover, we found distinct, if imperfectly discriminatory, cytokine/chemokine patterns associated with MTB and fungal infections.

  5. Using the MPVA Model to Analyze the Impact of Gene-Gene Interaction between CXCR1 and IL8 2789/2862 on the Risk of Mastitis Susceptibility of Chinese Holstein%运用多座位外显方差法分析中国荷斯坦牛CXCR1和IL8基因与乳房炎易感性的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚琴; 杨章平; 毛永江; 陈仁金; 陈莹; 冀德君

    2011-01-01

    The aims of this study were to identify the interaction of CXCRl and JL8 and their impacts on the risk of mastitis susceptibility of Chinese Holstein, and to test the feasibility of using Multi-Locus penetrance variance analysis (MPVA) model in analyzing gene-gene interactions. The polymorphisms of 7 SNP sites including the 5' flanking region and coding region of CXCRl and intron 3, exon 4 and exon 5 of IL8 were detected by PCR-SSCP and direct sequencing for 634 Chinese Holstein, including 102 individual with mastitic, from a northern farm of China, and to identify the interaction of CXCRl and IL8 and their impacts on the risk of mastitis susceptibility using MPVA. The interactions of CXCR1-1830-1768-IL8 2789/2862 showed significant effects on the mastitis susceptibility of cow using MPVA model. The results indicate that the interactions of CXCRM830-1768-IL8 2789/2862 is the best multi-genotype model to estimate the risk of mastitis susceptibility of Chinese Holstein. MPVA can be used to estimate the risk of mastitis susceptibility of Chinese Holstein.%旨在运用多座位外显方差分析法(MPVA)分析中国荷斯坦牛CXCR1和IL8两个基因多个突变位点多态性与乳房炎易感性的交互作用.本研究以南方某大型奶牛场634头(其中102头患乳房炎)中国荷斯坦牛为试验材料,采用PCR-SSCP和直接测序法分析CXCR1-5′端和编码区及IL8 2789/2862内含子3、外显子4和5,2个基因共7个SNPs位点的遗传多态性,并用MPVA法分析CXCR1和