WorldWideScience

Sample records for card punches

  1. NCDC Punched Card Reference Manuals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Documentation for using and reading punched cards kept at the National Weather Records Center (NWRC, previous name for NCDC and NCEI). Many of these punched card...

  2. Punch Card Programmable Microfluidics

    CERN Document Server

    Korir, George

    2014-01-01

    Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes a series of operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series ...

  3. UK Punched Card Reference Manuals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Documentation for using and reading punched cards kept at the UK Met Office. Includes five Marine and one upper air manual, dated from 1953-1981.

  4. NCDC Punched Card Inventory - 1950s

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Index of foreign weather data available on punched cards held at the Joint Punched Card Library in Asheville NC, produced in the late 1950s, and also station/data...

  5. High-throughput sequencing of forensic genetic samples using punches of FTA cards with buccal swabs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampmann, Marie-Louise; Buchard, Anders; Børsting, Claus;

    2016-01-01

    with buccal swabs and compared the results with those obtained with DNA extracted using the EZ1 DNA Investigator Kit. Concordant profiles were obtained for all samples. Our protocol includes simple punch, wash, and PCR steps, reducing cost and hands-on time in the laboratory. Furthermore, it facilitates......Here, we demonstrate that punches from buccal swab samples preserved on FTA cards can be used for high-throughput DNA sequencing, also known as massively parallel sequencing (MPS). We typed 44 reference samples with the HID-Ion AmpliSeq Identity Panel using washed 1.2 mm punches from FTA cards...... automation of DNA sequencing....

  6. From Punched Cards to "Big Data": A Social History of Database Populism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Driscoll

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the diffusion of the punched card tabulator following the 1890 U.S. Census, mass-scale information processing has been alternately a site of opportunity, ambivalence and fear in the American imagination. While large bureaucracies have tended to deploy database technology toward purposes of surveillance and control, the rise of personal computing made databases accessible to individuals and small businesses for the first time. Today, the massive collection of trace communication data by public and private institutions has renewed popular anxiety about the role of the database in society. This essay traces the social history of database technology across three periods that represent significant changes in the accessibility and infrastructure of information processing systems. Although many proposed uses of "big data" seem to threaten individual privacy, a largely-forgotten database populism from the 1970s and 1980s suggests that a reclamation of small-scale data processing might lead to sharper popular critique in the future.

  7. Application at Marcoule of Punched-Card Techniques to Problems of Programming Reactor Unloading During Operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Continuous unloading during operation presents special problems for the unloading programme - problems far more complex than when the reactor is unloaded during shutdown. The yield of the fuel is linked with the homogenization of its irradiation and this in turn is a function of the radial and the axial flux. Axial homogenization of the irradiation depends on the method of unloading. In reactors that can be unloaded during operation it can be achieved under more favourable conditions than in reactors that must be unloaded during shut-down. In reactors unloaded during operation, radial homogenization of the irradiation results from the execution of an unloading programme established per channel - not per zone, as in reactors unloaded during shut-down. The unloading programmes are prepared at the Marcoule Centre by a punched-card machine - electronic computer system, which also carries out various accessory operations connected with the functioning of the reactors and control of the fuel. (author)

  8. Performance testing of a semi-automatic card punch system, using direct STR profiling of DNA from blood samples on FTA™ cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogden, Samantha J; Horton, Jeffrey K; Stubbs, Simon L; Tatnell, Peter J

    2015-01-01

    The 1.2 mm Electric Coring Tool (e-Core™) was developed to increase the throughput of FTA(™) sample collection cards used during forensic workflows and is similar to a 1.2 mm Harris manual micro-punch for sampling dried blood spots. Direct short tandem repeat (STR) DNA profiling was used to compare samples taken by the e-Core tool with those taken by the manual micro-punch. The performance of the e-Core device was evaluated using a commercially available PowerPlex™ 18D STR System. In addition, an analysis was performed that investigated the potential carryover of DNA via the e-Core punch from one FTA disc to another. This contamination study was carried out using Applied Biosystems AmpflSTR™ Identifiler™ Direct PCR Amplification kits. The e-Core instrument does not contaminate FTA discs when a cleaning punch is used following excision of discs containing samples and generates STR profiles that are comparable to those generated by the manual micro-punch. PMID:25407399

  9. Automated washing of FTA Card punches and PCR setup for reference samples using a LIMS-controlled Sias Xantus automated liquid handler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Olsen, Addie Nina; Frøslev, Tobias G.;

    2009-01-01

    We have implemented and validated automated methods for washing FTA Card punches containing buccal samples and subsequent PCR setup using a Sias Xantus automated liquid handler. The automated methods were controlled by worklists generated by our LabWare Laboratory Information Management System...

  10. Punch Card Programmable Microfluidics

    OpenAIRE

    George Korir; Manu Prakash

    2014-01-01

    Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external component...

  11. TrackPunch

    OpenAIRE

    Weigert, Jonas

    2014-01-01

    TrackPunch is a music streaming service that turns music discovery into a social experience. Our platform provides users with an elegant way to find new music based on their friends' listening habits. We aggregate music data from top music sources to index who influences each user individually. Our users can search, listen to, and share high quality content from GrooveShark, and SoundCloud, and YouTube for free. On TrackPunch, your next favorite song awaits. TrackPunch is a music streaming...

  12. Analysis of the Wing Tsun Punching Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff Webb

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The three punching techniques of Wing Tsun, while few in number, represent an effective approach to striking with the closed fist. At first glance, the rather short stroke of each punch would seem disproportionate to the amount of power it generates. Therefore, this article will discuss the structure and body mechanics of each punch, in addition to the various training methods employed for developing power. Two of the Wing Tsun punches, namely the lifting punch and the hooking punch, are often confused with similar punches found in Western boxing. The key differences between the Wing Tsun and boxing punches, both in form and function, will be discussed. Finally, the strategy for applying the Wing Tsun punches will serve as the greatest factor in differentiating them from the punches of other martial arts styles.

  13. Influence of footings stiffness on punching resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ĺudovít Fillo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The presented paper brings new aspects of punching resistance due to influence of footing stiffness and consequential ground stresses distribution. Diagrams of design load versus effective depth were created coming from new design criteria which depend on the maximum punching resistance defined from shear-bending failure and on the maximum punching resistance defined from crushing of concrete struts.

  14. Very heavy iron-punching concretes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present report deals with all the heavy iron-punching concretes, metallic wastes produced by the transformation industry. After a detailed description of the physical properties of metallic aggregates, a classification of heavy mortars is given, into three main categories: steel-shot grouts d = 5,3 - 6; steel-shot grouts mixed with a mineral d = 3,7 - 4,2; injection heavy grouts d = 3,5 - 4. The following chapter describes iron-punching concretes the most used in the atomic industry: iron-punching concretes mixed with cast-iron - iron-punching concretes mixed with magnetite; iron-punching concretes mixed with barite; iron-punching concretes mixed with limonite; iron-punching concretes mixed with boron. The compositions of these concretes are given together with their physical and mechanical characteristics. Numerous diagrams make it possible to find rapidly the proportions of the constituents of these concretes as a function of the required density. Technical advice and specifications are given in an appendix together with a bibliography of these heavy concretes. (author)

  15. Christmas cards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国勤

    2002-01-01

    Every December,millions of Christmas cards go through the post offices.There're pictures of stars,snow or Christmas tree on the cards. In these days it's hard to think of a Christmas without cards,yet 150 years ago there were no cards at all.Here's jus! one story about the Christmas cards.Some boys of those days who were at boarding school had to write a special piece of English at Christmas time。

  16. Studies of lubricants and punch design in punching of stainless steel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, David Dam; Bay, Niels; Andreasen, Jan Lasson

    2004-01-01

    needed. In this paper such a lubricant test for punching and blanking is proposed and results from applying the test for evaluating different lubricants for punching are presented. Studies of lubrication mechanisms in punching and blanking are furthermore presented showing the influence of the punch stem......Environmentally hazardous lubricants such as chlorinated paraffin oils are often applied in punching and blanking operations especially involving stainless steel workpiece materials. This is due to the fact that punching and blanking are among the tribologically most difficult forming operations...... caused by creation of virgin workpiece surfaces in contact with the tool surface and the difficult access of lubricant to the tool/workpiece interface. In order to develop alternative lubricants that may substitute the existing hazardous lubricants often used in industry, appropriate tests are greatly...

  17. Modelling metal punching using ductile failure criteria

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa, Catarina de Lemos Grilo Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    During the process of mechanical conforming of metal sheet by punching process, several factors influence the accuracy and final geometry of the hole punched. The properties of material used and its behavior in the face of imposed deformations, as well as process parameters influence the final result. High Strength Low Alloy steels (HSLA) are particularly suitable for structural parts that do not require severe forming, such as industrial shelving systems or furniture. Knowledge of mechanical...

  18. Card Reader

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan Xinzhen

    2012-01-01

    Huo Haizhong,a farmer in Zhuning Village,Shanxi Province,holds a special card in his hand,a card that will help his future.It's not a credit card,nor a debit card or spccial membership-it's a farmer's card,a large note card where Huo records informarion about crop yield,farm animals and his family's income.It's also a place where Huo can jot down problems on his farm and make suggestions to the local government.The farmer's card is being promoted across Zuoquan County.The county began promoting the card in 2008 on a trial basis,and now all 204 villages under its administration have introduced the card.

  19. Payment Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kantnerová Liběna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the use of payment cards in retail in the Czech Republic from the side of clients (buyers and the side of sellers. Questionnaires for clients examine satisfaction with cards and the service connected with them. Sellers’ satisfaction with the profit and function of cards is analyzed. The data indicated that 92% of the 352 respondents in South Bohemia had a payment card and more than 35% had more than one card. In retail, 70% of sellers had a payment terminal.

  20. Autologous mini punch grafting: An experience of using motorized power punch in 10 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B S Chandrashekar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Autologous mini punch grafting (MPG is a safe, effective and easy technique that can be performed on any site with minimal side effects and good cosmetic results. Large areas of stable generalised vitiligo require more grafts and are time consuming. Hence multiple sessions of surgery need to be scheduled. We share our experience of using motorised power punches to increase the speed of surgery in large areas of stable vitiligo in 10 patients. Materials and Methods: Ten patients in the age group of 12-55 years were treated with miniature punch grafting using power punches in single session on various sites. The power punches of 1-1.5 mm diameter were used to score donor and recipient sites, either of same or less than 0.2-0.3 mm size punches. The harvested grafts from donor site were then secured in the recipient beds and dressed. Results: The average number of grafts harvested per session was 125-185, the duration of surgery ranged from 45 to 90 minutes. Perigraft pigment spread was seen at 3 weeks. Complete repigmentation was observed in 3-4 months in eight patients. Cobble stoning was observed in one patient, and all donor sites healed well with superficial scarring. Conclusion: We conclude that autologous MPG with motorised power punches for stable vitiligo, especially on large areas including difficult sites can be performed with ease in comparatively lesser time in a single session, greatly benefiting the patients.

  1. Damage modeling in Small Punch Test specimens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martínez Pañeda, Emilio; Cuesta, I.I.; Peñuelas, I.;

    2016-01-01

    Ductile damage modeling within the Small Punch Test (SPT) is extensively investigated. The capabilities ofthe SPT to reliably estimate fracture and damage properties are thoroughly discussed and emphasis isplaced on the use of notched specimens. First, different notch profiles are analyzed and co....... Furthermore,Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman model predictions from a top-down approach are employed to gain insightinto the mechanisms governing crack initiation and subsequent propagation in small punch experiments.An accurate assessment of micromechanical toughness parameters from the SPT...

  2. Autologous mini punch grafting: An experience of using motorized power punch in 10 patients

    OpenAIRE

    B S Chandrashekar; C Madura; D V Varsha

    2014-01-01

    Background: Autologous mini punch grafting (MPG) is a safe, effective and easy technique that can be performed on any site with minimal side effects and good cosmetic results. Large areas of stable generalised vitiligo require more grafts and are time consuming. Hence multiple sessions of surgery need to be scheduled. We share our experience of using motorised power punches to increase the speed of surgery in large areas of stable vitiligo in 10 patients. Materials and Methods: Ten patients i...

  3. Novel uses of skin biopsy punches in dermatosurgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak S Hurkudli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The skin punch or surgical punch is an instrument which is used almost exclusively by dermatologists. It is a circular hollow blade attached to a pencil-like handle ranging in size from 0.5 to 10 mm. It is available as a disposable, reusable, and automated instrument. The punch can be used as a diagnostic, therapeutic, and cosmetic tool in dermatology. We have used punch as a diagnostic, therapeutic, and cosmetic tool in our dermatosurgery practice in our hospital. Various original research articles, text book publications, and review articles were studied and compiled. Techniques used by various authors and our own experiences with punch have been described. This article aims at providing the novel usefulness of skin biopsy punch in dermatology as the basic punch surgery is quick and easy to learn. Complications such as bleeding and infection are minimal.

  4. Targeted cryotherapy using disposable biopsy punches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avitus John Raakesh Prasad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cryotherapy is a commonly used office procedure that causes destruction of tissue by cryonecrosis due to rapid freezing and thawing of cells. The limitation in treating plantar warts and deeper dermal lesions is that the freeze time should be longer to penetrate deeper, which results in collateral damage to normal skin surrounding the lesion. This results in unwanted side effects of prolonged pain, blistering and haemorrhage and increased healing time. The cone spray technique was used to reduce collateral damage, but deeper penetration is difficult to achieve. An innovative technique using disposable biopsy punches is described that ensures deeper freezing as compared to the plastic cone. The metal cutting edge of the punch enters deeper into the lesions as the liquid nitrogen is passed, sparing damage to surrounding skin.

  5. Wallet Card

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CMS Office of Information Products and Data Analysis, OIPDA, produces the CMS Wallet Card as a quick reference statistical summary on annual CMS program and...

  6. Smart Card

    OpenAIRE

    Floarea NASTASE

    2006-01-01

    Reforms in electronic business have presented new opportunities to use smart card technology as an enabling tool. The network-centric applications, where resources are located throughout the Internet and access to them is possible from any location, require authenticated access and secured transactions. Smart cards represent an ideal solution: they offers an additional layer of electronic security and information assurance for user authentication, confidentiality, non-repudiation, information...

  7. The optimal clearance design of micro-punching die

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.S. Lee

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is focused on the optimal clearance design of micro-punching die by abductive network and SA method.Design/methodology/approach: The punching data (input and wear size (output were collected for a training database. In order to select proper clearance to evaluate the wear of die, the abductive network was used to establish an efficient relationship between input parameters and output result. This can help to predict wear size under any degree of clearance and hence to replace worn punches and dies at the right time. A simulated annealing (SA optimization algorithm with a performance index is then applied to the neural network for searching the optimal clearance parameters, and obtains rather satisfactory result as compared with the corresponding experiment verification.Findings: This study aims to identify the relationship between clearance and service life of micro punches using the Neural Network, and to find relational data involving the service life of punches and punching parameters in non-metal blanking processes. The result can be used to estimate optimal clearance between punch and die for industrial applications.Research limitations/implications: In this study, the practical punching processes with different punching conditions were carried out for a set of training data. A trained model exhibited a relationship between service life and clearance of micro punch and die through an abductive network system. The predicted value of wear by abductive network is very close to the actual experimental value, with an error of less than 8%. This result satisfies the required standard for IC factory production.Originality/value: A good clearance design not only increases the quality of product manufactured, but also reduces product’s burr. As a result, the wear of punches and dies can be greatly reduced and the life expectancy of punching dies increased.

  8. Combining the casting and punching technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zh. Ashkeyev

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the article there are presented the results of studying the microstructure of metals obtained by the method of casting and punching in equal-channel step matrixes (ECSM. The analysis of the microstructure of metals obtained on the scanning and transmission microscope showed that owing to realization of intensive shift deformations on the inclined portion of ECSM there emerge shear bands which extend practically in parallel to zones of the matrix channels connection and influence positively closing and sealing all internal defects of cast blanks.

  9. Kinematics of Straight Right Punch in Boxing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Cheraghi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe biomechanical parameters of head, upper and lower body extremities during a straight right punch throw related to performance and injury mechanism. Subjects were eight elite right-handed male (age 20.4 ± 2.1yrs; height 177.4 ± 8.5 cm; mass 70.4 ± 16.8 kg amateur boxers. 3D motion analysis was used to assess the kinematics of the right side extremities and head. Ensemble averaging of time normalized kinematic parameters was used to have better visual inspection. Results showed a similar pattern between subjects with some considerable variation in some parameters that pointed out to individualized pattern in elite boxers. Investigation of lower body joints kinematics explained boxers throw punch using leg drive. Stretch-shortening cycle detected in the technique implies potential for performance enhancing using plyometrics. Head velocity measured in anterior-posterior and medial-lateral direction would intensify potential head injuries.

  10. Development of lubricant test for punching and blanking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, David Dam

    2001-01-01

    The background for development of new lubricants Requirements to lubricant test for punching Methods of evaluating lubricants Test equipment developed at DTU Conclusion.......The background for development of new lubricants Requirements to lubricant test for punching Methods of evaluating lubricants Test equipment developed at DTU Conclusion....

  11. The Dynamic test of Novel Punch Driven by Linear Motor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The key character of punch is its impulsion. For the novel punch driven by linear motor, the computer-aided test system is used. Its frequency performance is calculated by the identification method according to the dynamic demarcation. This dynamic test system presented here can be applied in the sample machines under development and performance test of finished products.

  12. Gate oxide punching thru mechanism in plasma dry etching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The punching thru mechanism of gate oxide (thickness about 15A) was investi- gated. Because of the thin thickness of gate oxide, gate oxide punching thru may easily happen during the plasma process. It was found that what caused the punching thru was not only the selectivity of poly-silicon/oxide but also the pattern topography. We used the basic SRAM pattern to check this topography effect, and found that gate oxide located at the narrow spacing of two parallel serpentine lines was the most easily punched thru. What caused the topography effect was the starvation of oxygen in these places which were induced by the residue of poly-silicon and enhanced by electron shading effect. So, to solve the issue of gate oxide punching thru, firstly the selectivity should be enough, secondly we should pay attention to the etching pattern topography.

  13. Analysis of Pick-Up Development in Punching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, David Dam; Bay, Niels; Andreasen, Jan Lasson

    2002-01-01

    The development of pick-up of work piece material on the punch surface with increasing number of strokes during punching of stainless steel sheet is investigated applying Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), 3D roughness mapping and measurements of the backstroke force. It is found that pick......-up on the punch stem develops gradually backwards from the tip of the punch with increasing number of strokes saturating at a certain level while the radial build-up in the case of dry friction conditions continues until the clearance between the punch and die has been filled up. The rate of pick......-up is significantly smaller in case of lubrication and may be very low if an efficient boundary lubricant is applied. Good correlation between the pick-up development and the backstroke force is found....

  14. Smart Cards and Card Operating Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartel, Pieter H.; Jong, de Eduard K.

    1996-01-01

    The operating system of an IC card should provide an appropriate interface to applications using IC cards. An incorrect choice of operations and data renders the card inefficient and cumbersome. The design principles of the UNIX operating system are most appropriate for IC card operating system desi

  15. Smart Cards and Card Operating Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Hartel, Pieter H.; Jong, de, J.

    1996-01-01

    The operating system of an IC card should provide an appropriate interface to applications using IC cards. An incorrect choice of operations and data renders the card inefficient and cumbersome. The design principles of the UNIX operating system are most appropriate for IC card operating system design. The actual design that we recognise as UNIX (or any other current operating system for that matter) is not appropriate for IC cards.

  16. CREDIT CARD FRAUD

    OpenAIRE

    Lăcrămioara BALAN; POPESCU, MIHAI

    2011-01-01

    Credit card fraud is the misuse of a credit card to make purchases without authorization or counterfeiting a credit card. Credit cards are the most often used electronic payment instrument. Types of credit card fraud are: online credit card fraud, advance payments, stolen card numbers, shave and paste, de-emboss/re-emboss etc. If current growth rates continue, credit cards and debit cards will each exceed the number of paid checks before the end of the decade. As the industry continues to exp...

  17. Reduce the noise of punch press with the equivalent damping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    To reduce the noise of the punch press during the punching process, the polyurethane elastomer is used as the damping material. The experiments of reducing noise were made by means of adding the polyurethane elastomer at different positions on the 100 kN and 1 000 kN punch presses. The better effect of reducing noise was obtained. After researching and analyzing a large number of test data, the "equivalent damping hypothesis" is put forward. The hypothesis makes the experiment of reducing noise simpler and also more economical. It is estimated that there is a vast application in the research area of vibration control and noise reduction.

  18. Experimental Study on Noise Reduction of Punch Press

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Wei; MA Xiang-ping; SUN Chang-qing

    2005-01-01

    To reduce the noise of punch press during the punching process, the polyurethane elastomer is used as the damping material. The experiments of reducing noise were made by means of adding the polyurethane elastomer at different positions of 100 kN and 1 000 kN punch press. The better effect of reducing the noise was obtained. With the research and analysis of a large number of test data, the "equivalent damping hypothesis" is put forward. The hypothesis makes the experiment of reducing noise be more simple and cost effective. This method would be exploited in area of vibration control and reducing noise.

  19. Research on the Visual Processing System of the Punch Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Xuan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Most of raw materials of small hardware processing for plate scraps, and it’s realized through the manual operation of ordinary punch, which way has the low production efficiency and the high labor intensity. In order to improve the automation level of production, developing and designing of a visual processing system for punch press manipulator which based on the MFC tools of Visual Studio software platform. Through the image acquisition and image processing, get the information about the board to be processed, such as shape, length, the center of gravity position and pose, and providing relevant parameters for positioning gripping and placing into the punch table positioning of the feeding manipulator and automatic programming of punching machine, so as to realize the automatic operation about press feeding and processing.

  20. Small punch creep test in a 316 austenitic stainless steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saucedo-Munoz, M. L.; Komazaki, S. I.; Hashida, T.; Lopez-Hirata, V. M.

    2015-03-30

    The small punch creep test was applied to evaluate the creep behavior of a 316 type austenitic stainless steel at temperatures of 650, 675 and 700 degree centigrade. The small punch test was carried out using a creep tester with a specimen size of 10x10x0.3 mm at 650, 675 and 700 degree centigrade using loads from 199 to 512 N. The small punch creep curves show the three stages found in the creep curves of the conventional uniaxial test. The conventional creep relationships which involve parameters such as creep rate, stress, time to rupture and temperature were followed with the corresponding parameters of small punch creep test and they permitted to explain the creep behavior in this steel. The mechanism and activation energy of the deformation process were the grain boundary sliding and diffusion, respectively, during creep which caused the intergranular fracture in the tested specimens. (Author)

  1. NEW PUNCHING MACHINE DRIVEN BY LINEAR INDUCTION MOTOR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The research and application of the punching machine driven by a linear induction motor(LIM)are introducedThe fundamental principle,construction,performance and application are describedComparing this new model machine with its traditional form,the LIM driven punching machine has many great advantages,such as,simple construction,small size and mass,low production cost,short production time,easy to control,low noise and considerable energy saving

  2. Payment cards security

    OpenAIRE

    Fuchs, Michal

    2013-01-01

    This thesis aims to identify and evaluate the risks related to payment cards and their use. The main focus is the methods used to commit card related fraud and possible methods of protection related to this topic. First of all, the technology that is nowadays used in relation with the payment cards is analyzed and its weaknesses and attacks used to gather card information are described. After that, statistical data related to card fraud are analyzed in relation with different world regions. Q...

  3. Analysis of direct punch velocity in professional defence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapkova, Dora; Adamek, Milan

    2016-06-01

    This paper is focused on analysis of a direct punch. Nowadays, professional defence is basic part of effective protection of people and property. There are many striking techniques and the goal of this research was to analyze the direct punch. The analysis is aimed to measure the velocity with help of high speed camera Olympus i-Speed 2 and then find the dependences of this velocity on input parameters. For data analysis two pieces of software were used - i-Speed Control Software and MINITAB. 111 participants took part in this experiment. The results are presented in this paper - especially dependence of mean velocity on time and difference in velocity between genders.

  4. FRENCH PROTOCOL CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 74683-79494

    2000-01-01

    Senior officials, holders of FRENCH PROTOCOL cards (blue cards) due to expire on 31.12.2000, are requested to return these cards and those of family members, for extension to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-015 Should the three spaces for authentication on the back of the card be full, please enclose two passport photographs for a new card. In the case of children aged 14 and over, an attestation of dependency and a school certificate should be returned with the card.

  5. FRENCH PROTOCOL CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division du Personnel

    1999-01-01

    Senior officials, holders of FRENCH PROTOCOL cards (blue cards) due to expire on 31.12.1999, are requested to return these cards and those of family members, for extension to:Bureau des cartes, bâtiment 33.1-025Should the 3 spaces for authentication on the back of the card be full, please enclose 2 passport photographs for a new card.In the case of children aged 14 and over, an attestation of dependency and a school certificate should be returned with the card.Personnel DivisionTel. 79494/74683

  6. Introduction of Smart Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Smart Card PrimerA smart card is a device that includes an embedded integrated circuit chip (ICC) that can be either a secure microcontroller or equivalent intelligence with internal memory or a memory chip alone.

  7. Comparative Card Production Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Ann Craig

    1972-01-01

    Seven methods of card production tried by the University of British Columbia library are described and compared in terms of total cost per set of cards and their applicability to libraries of various sizes. (5 references) (Author)

  8. Moment Capacity of Timber Reinforced with Punched Metal Plate Fasteners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jacob; Ellegaard, Peter

    of the section is obtained, resulting in a more economic truss design. In order to develop design methods for sections with plate reinforcement, bending tests have been made. The timber is Swedish spruce of strength class K-18(S8) and K-24(S10) with a thickness of 45 mm. The punched metal plate is from Gang...

  9. The Development of Hi-Speed Punching System Using A Couple of Rotating Bodies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shinichi; Taya; Keiichi; Shimizu

    2002-01-01

    Punched steel sheets (metal sheets or foils) as thi n as 0.1mm are quite useful in the field of filters and various precision instrume nts. Thus, we have to develop more accurate and speedy techniques for punching t hin sheets. The traditional punching method uses an up-down pressing motion of a punch or a die on a strip of metal. The efficiency of this method is determine d by the speed of the motion. In the case of punching a sequence of tiny holes w ith a few millimeters' interval, the speed of feeding...

  10. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel are asked to go to the cards office (33/1-015), taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, The French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested to take these items to the c...

  11. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Cards.Service@cern.ch

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently replacing all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits («attestations de fonctions») held by members of the personnel and their families. These cards are replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may no longer be used after 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015) between 8h30 and 12h30, in order to fill in a «fiche individuelle» form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, the French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested...

  12. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR/SOC

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015), in order to fill in a 'fiche individuelle' form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format. The French card in their possession. An A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done...

  13. Biomechanics of the head for Olympic boxer punches to the face

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walilko, T; Viano, D; Bir, C

    2005-01-01

    Objective: The biomechanics of the head for punches to the jaw and the risk of head injury from translational and rotational acceleration were studied. Results: Punch force averaged 3427 (standard deviation (SD) 811) N, hand velocity 9.14 (SD 2.06) m/s, and effective punch mass 2.9 (SD 2.0) kg. Punch force was higher for the heavier weight classes, due primarily to a higher effective mass of the punch. Jaw load was 876 (SD 288) N. The peak translational acceleration was 58 (SD 13) g, rotational acceleration was 6343 (SD 1789) rad/s2, and neck shear was 994 (SD 318) N. Conclusions: Olympic boxers deliver straight punches with high impact velocity and energy transfer. The severity of the punch increases with weight class. PMID:16183766

  14. Surface finish of micro punch with ion beam irradiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Jie; WANG Chun-ju; GUO Bin; SHAN De-bin; Y.SUGIYAMA; S.ONO

    2009-01-01

    Ion beam irradiation was adopted for surface treatment of the micro punch manufactured by precision machining. Ar plasma was used for the ion irradiation process, which was generated by the electron cyclotron resonance(ECR) equipment. The surface finish processes of micro punch were carried out at irradiation angles of 45°and 10°, respectively. The surface roughness and topography were measured to estimate the quality of surface finish. The results show that the ion irradiation is very effective to reduce the surface roughness, which can be improved more significantly at irradiation angle of 10°than at 45°. The technology of surface finish with ion beam irradiation is suitable for the surface treatment of micro die.

  15. Autologous miniature punch skin grafting in stable vitiligo

    OpenAIRE

    Savant S

    1992-01-01

    Autologous split thickness miniature punch skin grafting is one of the surgical modes of treatment of stable vitiligo. Out of 87 different sites, of stable vitiligo, occurring in 62 cases, (32 focal, 22 segmental and 8 generalised) 75 sites showed total repigmentation with excellent cosmetic colour match. Out of the 62 cases, 46 cases who were treated postsurgically with PUVA therapy repigmented within 2 ½ to 3 months, 10 cases, who received no treatment postsurgically repigmented by 3...

  16. [Standards for the punch biopsy of the prostate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seitz, M; Schlenker, B; Gratzke, C; Weidlich, P; Stief, C G; Reich, O

    2007-01-25

    If, within the framework of screening examinations for the early detection of cancer of the prostate, the patient wishes a PSA test, the physician should accommodate him, but only after providing comprehensive information about the possible consequences and complications. If a certain threshold value is exceeded, a punch biopsy of the prostate is recommended. This procedure must be performed in accordance with accepted standards to enable, within the diagnostic chain, the reliable detection of a carcinoma of the prostate PMID:17615715

  17. Variable temperature thin film indentation with a flat punch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Graham L W; O'Connell, Barry S; Pethica, John B; Rowland, Harry; King, William P

    2008-01-01

    We present modifications to conventional nanoindentation that realize variable temperature, flat punch indentation of ultrathin films. The technique provides generation of large strain, thin film extrusion of precise geometries that idealize the essential flows of nanoimprint lithography, and approximate constant area squeeze flow rheometry performed on thin, macroscopic soft matter samples. Punch radii as small as 185 nm have been realized in ten-to-one confinement ratio testing of 36 nm thick polymer films controllably squeezed in the melt state to a gap width of a few nanometers. Self-consistent, compressive stress versus strain measurements of a wide variety of mechanical testing conditions are provided by using a single die-sample system with temperatures ranging from 20 to 125 degrees C and loading rates spanning two decades. Low roughness, well aligned flat punch dies with large contact areas provide precise detection of soft surfaces with standard nanoindenter stiffness sensitivity. Independent heating and thermometry with heaters and thermocouples attached to the die and sample allow introduction of a novel directional heat flux measurement method to ensure isothermal contact conditions. This is a crucial requirement for interpreting the mechanical response in temperature sensitive soft matter systems. Instrumented imprint is a new nanomechanics material testing platform that enables measurements of polymer and soft matter properties during large strains in confined, thin film geometries and extends materials testing capabilities of nanoindentation into low modulus, low strength glassy, and viscoelastic materials. PMID:18248047

  18. CERN access cards

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    Holders of CERN access cards are reminded that the card is an official document. It is important to carry it with you at all times when you are on the site. This applies also to those on standby duty who are called out for emergency interventions. As announced in Weekly Bulletin 13/2006, any loss or theft of access cards must be declared to the competent external authorities.

  19. Method card design dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wölfel, Christiane; Merritt, T.

    2013-01-01

    . The card-based tools are explained in terms of five design dimensions including the intended purpose and scope of use, duration of use, methodology, customization, and formal/material qualities. Our analysis suggests three design patterns or archetypes for existing card-based design method tools...... and highlights unexplored areas in the design space. The paper concludes with recommendations for the future development of card-based methods for the field of interaction design....

  20. Shuffling with ordered cards

    CERN Document Server

    Butler, Steve

    2010-01-01

    We consider a problem of shuffling a deck of cards with ordered labels. Namely we split the deck of N=k^tq cards (where t>=1 is maximal) into k equally sized stacks and then take the top card off of each stack and sort them by the order of their labels and add them to the shuffled stack. We show how to find stacks of cards invariant and periodic under the shuffling. We also show when gcd(q,k)=1 the possible periods of this shuffling are all divisors of order_k(N-q).

  1. A New Sheet Metal Forming System Based on Incremental Punching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yuanxin

    Stamping is one of the most commonly used manufacturing processes. Everyday, millions of parts are formed by this process. The conventional stamping is to form a part in one or several operations with a press machine and a set/sets of dies. It is very efficient but is not cost effective for small batch production parts and prototypes as the dies are expensive and time consuming to make. Recently, with the increasing demands for low-volume and customer-made products, a die-less forming method, Incremental Sheet Metal Forming (ISMF), has become one of the leading R&D topics in the industry. ISMF uses a small generic tool to apply a sequence of operations along the given path to deform the sheet incrementally. These small deformations accumulate to form the final shape of the part. As a result, different parts can be made by the same setup. Despite of some 30 years of research and development, however, ISMF technology is still premature for industrial applications due to the following reasons: The accuracy of the part is limited; the surface roughness is poor; and the productivity is low. This motivates the presented research. In this research, a new incremental forming system based on incremental punching is designed and built. The system consists of a 3-axes CNC platform, a high speed hydraulic cylinder with a hemispherical forming tool, and a PC-based CNC control system. The hydraulic system provides the forming force to deform the sheet metal with constant stokes, while the CNC system positions the part. When forming a part, the forming tool punches the sheet metal along the given contour of the part punch by punch; when one layer of the part is completed, the forming tool moves down to the next layer; and the process is finished till all layers are completed. The CNC control system works with standard NC code, and hence, is easy to use. In order to ensure the desirable performance of the machine, dynamic analysis of the machine is necessary. The analysis is

  2. Comparison of DNA Extraction Methods from Small Samples of Newborn Screening Cards Suitable for Retrospective Perinatal Viral Research

    OpenAIRE

    McMichael, Gai L.; Highet, Amanda R.; Gibson, Catherine S; Goldwater, Paul N; O'Callaghan, Michael E.; Alvino, Emily R.; MacLennan, Alastair H

    2011-01-01

    Reliable detection of viral DNA in stored newborn screening cards (NSC) would give important insight into possible silent infection during pregnancy and around birth. We sought a DNA extraction method with sufficient sensitivity to detect low copy numbers of viral DNA from small punch samples of NSC. Blank NSC were spotted with seronegative EDTA-blood and seropositive EBV EDTA-blood. DNA was extracted with commercial and noncommercial DNA extraction methods and quantified on a spectrofluorome...

  3. Small punch creep test in a 316 austenitic stainless steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saucedo-Muñoz, Maribel L.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The small punch creep test was applied to evaluate the creep behavior of a 316 type austenitic stainless steel at temperatures of 650, 675 and 700 °C. The small punch test was carried out using a creep tester with a specimen size of 10×10×0.3 mm at 650, 675 and 700 °C using loads from 199 to 512 N. The small punch creep curves show the three stages found in the creep curves of the conventional uniaxial test. The conventional creep relationships which involve parameters such as creep rate, stress, time to rupture and temperature were followed with the corresponding parameters of small punch creep test and they permitted to explain the creep behavior in this steel. The mechanism and activation energy of the deformation process were the grain boundary sliding and diffusion, respectively, during creep which caused the intergranular fracture in the tested specimens.El ensayo de termofluencia por indentación se utilizó para evaluar el comportamiento a la termofluencia en un acero inoxidable austenítico 316. Este ensayo se realizó en una máquina de indentación con muestras de 10×10×0,3 mm a temperaturas de 650, 675 y 700 °C con cargas de 199 a 512 N. Las curvas de termofluencia del ensayo mostraron las tres etapas características observadas en el ensayo convencional de tensión. Asimismo, las principales relaciones de termofluencia entre parámetros como velocidad de termofluencia, esfuerzo, tiempo de ruptura y temperatura se observaron en los parámetros correspondientes al ensayo de indentación, lo que permitió caracterizar el comportamiento de termofluencia en este acero. El mecanismo y la energía de activación del proceso de deformación en la termofluencia corresponden al deslizamiento de los límites de grano y la difusión a través de los mismos, respectivamente, lo cual causó la fractura intergranular en las muestras ensayadas.

  4. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. A 'personnel office' stamped photocopy of the old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015), between 8:30 and 12:30, in order to fill a 'fiche individuelle' form (in black ink only), which has to be personally signed by themselves and another separately signed by members of their family, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format (signed on the back) The French card in their possession an A4 photocopy of the same Fre...

  5. Mafia cards game

    OpenAIRE

    Segarra Suriñach, Xavi

    2015-01-01

    This final project is focused on creating an RPG card game titled Mafia cards game for the Android operating system that allows both the game for a single player and multi player online game. Aquest treball final de projecte es centra en la creació d'un joc de cartes de rol amb el títol Mafia cards game per al sistema operatiu Android que permeti tant el joc per a un únic jugador com el joc multi jugador per Internet. Este trabajo final de proyecto se centra en la creación de un juego d...

  6. Small Punch Tests applied to the nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The interest on miniaturized specimen techniques for the characterization of the mechanical behavior of materials was strongly motivated in the early eighties by the different programs associated with the development of fusion reactor technology. The importance of such developments is obvious in the case of the nuclear industry where the limited space available, the presence of fluence gradients in large specimens, the concern about gamma heating and dose to personnel in post-irradiation testing have all been motivations for reducing specimen size. Testing of miniature specimen includes a wide spectrum of techniques such as tensile, instrumented micro-hardness, small punch, bend, fracture, impact and fatigue. Small Punch Testing (SPT) techniques use a spherical penetrator which deforms to failure a miniature disc shaped flat specimen (typically, 3-10 mm in diameter and 0.25-0.50 mm in thickness) supported on its outer rim. Analysis of load-displacement data recorded along the test is performed for the determination of the property of interest. The present work focuses on the characterization of the elastoplastic response of pure Al, ADN 420 structural steel and AISI 304L using SPT and its correlation with the associated standard uniaxial testing behavior. In addition, the sensitivity of the technique to the specific material under study and to different experimental parameters, i.e. specimen diameter and thickness, clearance or clamping force and friction between disc and dies have been assessed both experimentally and by performing simulations using the finite element method (author)

  7. Noise reduction of punch press mechanical clutch engagement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Wei; SUN Chang-qing; LI Yun-liang

    2005-01-01

    Among the noises of the punch press, blanking noise and engaging noise of the clutch should be paid most attention to. The latter is generated by the engagement impacts of the rotating key on the spline bush. In order to absorb the pressing energy and reduce the noise radiated, polyurethane cushions were added to the spline bush keyways and the clutch running noise reduction has reached 10.7 dB(A). Considering such factors as the running characteristics of the punch press clutch, the demand for cushioning performance and the demand of the clutch temperature field for damping materials, the temperature field of the rigid clutch spline bush was simulated to find out whether the temperature of polyurethane go beyond its critical application temperature, using the finite element method. According to the characteristic that the deforming memory alloy can restore the remembered shape with the temperature rising, the actual temperature of the spline bush was measured. Consequently, the theoretical temperature turned out to be close to the measured temperature.

  8. Rektovaginal Fistül’ün Nadir Bir Nedeni : Vaginal Punch Biyopsi

    OpenAIRE

    Ara, Cengiz; Özgör, Dinçer; Kahraman, Latif; Işık, Burak; Yılmaz, Sezai; Kırımlıoğlu, Vedat

    2008-01-01

    Obstetric injuries are the most common causes of rectovaginal fistulas. We herein reported a case which has the diagnosis of acut myeloid leucemia and has rectovaginal fistulas after vaginal punch byopsy. The surgical treatment of the fistulas in such cases must be transanal advancement flap instead of transvaginal repair. Key words: Rectovaginal fistula, Acut myeloid leucemia, Vaginal punch biopsy

  9. Genetics Blood Card Use

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — SOP guiding collection of blood for genetics analysis. Provides stepwise instructions and guidance on how to collect DNA sample using a whole blood blot card

  10. Three-dimensional numerical simulation on plastic damage in small punch specimen of Zirconium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu Ruomei, E-mail: huruomei2008@sina.co [School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Ling Xiang, E-mail: xling@njut.edu.c [School of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China)

    2009-12-15

    Small punch test (SPT) technique was used to evaluate the mechanical properties of Zirconium in this paper. The dimension of the disc specimen is phi 10 x 0.5 mm. Plastic damage in small punch specimen of Zirconium was investigated both experimentally and numerically, because it has great influence on small punch specimen. In order to simulate the plastic damage in the small punch specimen of Zirconium, the 3D finite element model incorporated with Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) plastic damage constitutive equation was established. Void growth and initiation of ductile crack of the small punch specimen were predicted. Results show that damage occurs on the bottom side of the specimen and grows across the specimen until complete failure, which has good agreement with the observation in the experiment.

  11. Hydration swelling characteristics of needle-punched geosynthetic clay liners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A series of confined swell tests were conducted on a needle-punched geosynthetic clay liner (GCL)with tap water as the hydration medium. The effects of the static confining stress on the swelling characteristics of GCLs and the hydration time under different confining stresses were explored. Increasing the static confining stress led to: shorter hydration time; smaller final GCL height; less final GCL bulk void ratio; smaller final bentonite moisture content. The confined swell pressure determined for the tested GCL was 82.2 kPa, and the relationships between confining stress, final bulk void ratio (or final GCL height, final bentonite moisture content) were attained through the analyses of the confined swell test results in this study.

  12. Time card entry system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montierth, B.S.

    1996-05-01

    The Time Card Entry System was developed to interface with the DOE Headquarters Electronic Time and Attendance (ETA) system. It features pop-up window pick lists for Work Breakdown Structure Numbers and Hour Codes and has extensive processing that ensures that time and attendance reported by the employee fulfills US Government/OMB requirements before Timekeepers process the data at the end of the two week payroll cycle using ETA. Tours of Duty (e.g. ten hour day, four day week with Friday through Sunday off), established in the ETA system, are imported into the Time Card Entry System by the Timekeepers. An individual`s Tour of Duty establishes the basis for validation of time of day and number of hours worked per day. At the end of the two week cycle, data is exported by the Timekeepers from the Time Card Entry System into ETA data files.

  13. John Punch, Scotist Holy War, and the Irish Catholic Revolutionary Tradition in the Seventeenth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Ian W

    2016-07-01

    During the 1640s, the Irish Franciscan theologian John Punch taught his theology students in Rome that war against Protestants was made just by their religion alone. Jesuits like Luis de Molina identified the holy war tradition in which Punch stood as a Scotist one, and insisted that the Scotists had confused the natural and supernatural spheres. Among Irishmen, Punch was unusual. The main Irish Catholic revolutionary tradition employed Jesuit and Thomist theory. They argued that the Stuarts had lost the right to rule Ireland for natural reasons, not supernatural ones; because the Stuarts were tyrants, not because they were Protestants. PMID:27477343

  14. Behavior of reinforced concrete slabs subjected to combined punching shear and biaxial tension

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This investigation was a continuing study of peripheral (punching) shear strength of precracked, biaxially tensioned, orthogonally reinforced concrete slabs. This research was motivated by the need to determie the strength of a reinforced concrete containment vessel wall when subjected to combined internal pressure and punching shear loads normal to the wall. The study served to determine the effect of three major variables (shear span, size of loaded area, and reinforcing steel ratio) on punching shear strength of slabs that were precracked in biaxial tension and then held at one of the two tension levels (0 or 0.8f/sub y/) during shear load application

  15. Influence of punching shear reinforcement on the flexural response of flat slabs

    OpenAIRE

    Lips, Stefan; Muttoni, Aurelio

    2013-01-01

    Physical punching shear models such as the Critical Shear Crack Theory (CSCT), which is the basis of Model Code 2010 (MC 2010), describe generally the punching strength as a function of the slab deformation. Thus, the prediction of an accurate load-deformation curve is essential for the prediction of the punching strength as well as the deformation capacity of flat slabs. In the vicinity of columns, the flexural response of flat slabs depends not only on the flexural moments but also on the c...

  16. Disruption - Access cards service

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    We would like to inform you that between 10 November and 15 December 2014, the access cards service in Building 55 will be disrupted, as the GS Department has decided to improve the facilities for users of this building. During the work, you will find the registration, biometric registration and dosimeter exchange services on the second floor of Building 55 and the vehicle sticker service on the ground floor along with the access cards service. We thank you for your understanding and apologise for any inconvenience caused.

  17. Store Security. Credit Card Fraud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockway, Jerry

    The manual, intended for use by adults and not in the high school classroom situation, presents material directed toward assisting in the reduction of credit card crime. This teaching guide is organized in three sections which deal with the nature of and major reasons for credit card fraud, the types of hot card runners, and methods of reducing…

  18. The Eggen Card Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvis, G.

    2014-06-01

    (Abstract only) Olin Eggen, noted astronomer (1919-1998), left to us all his raw observation records recorded on 3x5 cards. This project is to make all this data available as an online resource. History and progress of the project will be presented. Project details available at: https://sites.google.com/site/eggencards/home.

  19. Obtaining full contact for measuring polydimethylsiloxane mechanical properties with flat punch nanoindentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico De Paoli

    2015-01-01

    • The elastic modulus is calculated from the loading stiffness and the diameter of the flat punch, instead of the unloading stiffness, which is larger due to viscoelastic unloading. After establishing the full contact, other mechanical testing can be conducted.

  20. Bearing Capacity and Critical Punch-Through Depth of Spudcan on Sand Overlying Clay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘君; 于龙; 周慧; 孔宪京

    2014-01-01

    Spudcan may experience punch-through failure on strong over weak layered soils, such as sand overlying clay. A large deformation finite element method (LDFE) is used to simulate the penetration process of spudcan into sand overlying clay. The sand is simulated by smoothed hyperbolic Mohr-Coulomb model, and the clay is simulated by a simple elasto-plastic model which obeys Tresca yield criterion. According to the LDFE results of a large amount of cases, the effects of the strength, unit weight and thickness of the top sand layer, as well as the effect of the strength of the underlying clay on the spudcan punch-through behavior, are investigated. The critical depth occurring punch-through and the critical bearing capacity are presented in charts. Fitting equations to calculate the critical punch-through depth and the critical bearing capacity are proposed for the convenience of engineering practice.

  1. Performance Assessment of Hard Rock TBM and Rock Boreability Using Punch Penetration Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Ho-Young; Cho, Jung-Woo; Jeon, Seokwon; Rostami, Jamal

    2016-04-01

    Rock indentation tests are often called punch penetration tests and are known to be related to penetration rates of drilling equipment and hard rock tunnel boring machines (TBMs). Various indices determined from analysis of the force-penetration plot generated from indentation tests have been used to represent the drillability, boreability, and brittleness of rocks. However, no standard for the punch penetration test procedure or method for calculating the related indices has been suggested or adopted in the rock mechanics community. This paper introduces new indices based on the punch test to predict the performance of hard rock TBMs. A series of punch tests was performed on rock specimens representing six rock formations in Korea with different dimensions, i.e., the core specimens had different lengths and diameters. Of the indices obtained from the punch tests, the peak load index and mean load index showed good correlations with the cutting forces measured in full-scale linear cutting machine tests on the same rock types. The indices also showed good linear correlations with the ratio of uniaxial strength to Brazilian tensile strength, which indicates the brittleness of rock. The scale effect of using core specimens was investigated, and a preferred dimension for the punch test specimens is proposed. This paper also discusses the results of the punch test and full-scale rock cutting tests using LCM. The results of this study confirm that the proposed indices from the punch tests can be used to provide a reliable prediction of the cutting forces that act on a disc cutter. The estimated cutting forces can then be used for optimization of cutter-head design and performance prediction of hard rock TBMs.

  2. Autologous miniature punch skin grafting in stable vitiligo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savant S

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Autologous split thickness miniature punch skin grafting is one of the surgical modes of treatment of stable vitiligo. Out of 87 different sites, of stable vitiligo, occurring in 62 cases, (32 focal, 22 segmental and 8 generalised 75 sites showed total repigmentation with excellent cosmetic colour match. Out of the 62 cases, 46 cases who were treated postsurgically with PUVA therapy repigmented within 2 ½ to 3 months, 10 cases, who received no treatment postsurgically repigmented by 3 ½ to 6 months. In addition 6 cases in whom no treatment was given postsurgically had to be given PUVA therapy 3 months after surgery as there was poor repigmentation. The complications seen were graft rejection due to improper immobilization in 6 cases, graft rejection due to secondary infection in 1, contact allergic dermatitis to framycetin in 3, and reactivation of vitiligo in 2. Side effects seen were cobblestoning in 32, sinking pits in 12, variegated appearance in 4, and superficial scarring at donor site in all 62 cases.

  3. REMINDER REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Cards.Service@cern.ch

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently replacing all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits («attestations de fonctions») held by members of the personnel and their families. These cards are replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may no longer be used after 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015) between 8h30 and 12h30, in order to fill in a «fiche individuelle» form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, the French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested...

  4. Experimental and Numerical Simulation Research on Micro-Gears Fabrication by Laser Shock Punching Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huixia Liu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to fabricate micro-gears via laser shock punching with Spitlight 2000 Nd-YAG Laser, and to discuss effects of process parameters namely laser energy, soft punch properties and blank-holder on the quality of micro-gears deeply. Results show that dimensional accuracy is the best shocked at 1690 mJ. Tensile fracture instead of shear fracture is the main fracture mode under low laser energy. The soft punch might cause damage to punching quality when too high energy is employed. Appropriate thickness and hardness of soft punch is necessary. Silica gel with 200 µm in thickness is beneficial to not only homogenize energy but also propagate the shock wave. Polyurethane films need more energy than silica gel with the same thickness. In addition, blank-holders with different weight levels are used. A heavier blank-holder is more beneficial to improve the cutting quality. Furthermore, the simulation is conducted to reveal typical stages and the different deformation behavior under high and low pulse energy. The simulation results show that the fracture mode changes under lower energy.

  5. Validation of the shear punch-tensile correlation technique using irradiated materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It was recently demonstrated that tensile data could be successfully related to shear punch data obtained on transmission electron microscopy (TEM) discs for a variety of irradiated alloys exhibiting yield strengths that ranged from 100 to 800 MPa. This implies that the shear punch test might be a viable alternative for obtaining tensile properties using a TEM disk, which is much smaller than even the smallest miniature tensile specimens, especially when irradiated specimens are not available or when they are too radioactive to handle easily. The majority of the earlier tensile-shear punch correlation work was done using a wide variety of unirradiated materials. The current work extends this correlation effort to irradiated materials and demonstrates that the same relationships that related shear punch tests remain valid for irradiated materials. Shear punch tests were performed on two sets of specimens. In the first group, three simple alloys from the 59Ni isotopic doping series in the solution annealed and cold worked conditions were irradiated at temperatures ranging from 365 to 495 C in the Fast Flux Test Facility. The corresponding tensile data already existed for tensile specimens fabricated from the same raw materials and irradiated side-by-side with the disks. In the second group, three variants of 316 stainless steel were irradiated in FFTF at 5 temperatures between 400 and 730 C to doses ranging from 12.5 to 88 dpa. The specimens were in the form of both TEM and miniature tensile specimens and were irradiated side-by-side

  6. Validation of the shear punch-tensile correlation technique using irradiated materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hankin, G.L.; Faulkner, R.G. [Loughborough Univ., Leicestershire (United Kingdom); Toloczko, M.B. [Washington State Univ., WA (United States); Hamilton, M.L. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1998-03-01

    It was recently demonstrated that tensile data could be successfully related to shear punch data obtained on transmission electron microscopy (TEM) discs for a variety of irradiated alloys exhibiting yield strengths that ranged from 100 to 800 MPa. This implies that the shear punch test might be a viable alternative for obtaining tensile properties using a TEM disk, which is much smaller than even the smallest miniature tensile specimens, especially when irradiated specimens are not available or when they are too radioactive to handle easily. The majority of the earlier tensile-shear punch correlation work was done using a wide variety of unirradiated materials. The current work extends this correlation effort to irradiated materials and demonstrates that the same relationships that related shear punch tests remain valid for irradiated materials. Shear punch tests were performed on two sets of specimens. In the first group, three simple alloys from the {sup 59}Ni isotopic doping series in the solution annealed and cold worked conditions were irradiated at temperatures ranging from 365 to 495 C in the Fast Flux Test Facility. The corresponding tensile data already existed for tensile specimens fabricated from the same raw materials and irradiated side-by-side with the disks. In the second group, three variants of 316 stainless steel were irradiated in FFTF at 5 temperatures between 400 and 730 C to doses ranging from 12.5 to 88 dpa. The specimens were in the form of both TEM and miniature tensile specimens and were irradiated side-by-side.

  7. Punching Shear Behavior of RC Slab-Column Connections with Nonrectangular Columns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Wenting; Huang Chengkui; Zhang Ruihe

    2005-01-01

    This paper present an experimental study on the RC slab-column connections with nonrectangular columns, namely cross-shaped column, T-shaped column and L-shaped column. The punching shear deformation and strength characteristics of slab-column connections with nonrectangular columns under punching shear load are investigated. Nine specimens with the three kinds of nonrectangular columns and two reference specimens with square columns are tested. The tested ultimate loads, deformations, and failure modes of specimens are presented and discussed. Test results reveal that the punching shear strength and ductility of the connections with nonrectangular columns are higher than those of the corresponding connections with square columns, and also prove that the application of nonrectangular columns to flat-plate structure was feasible. Based on the test results, one method of calculating punching shear strength of connections with nonrectangular columns is proposed, which conforms with the current design practice of China. The test results on the punching shear strength are compared with the predictions of the formulas proposed by codes of several different countrie; and the predictions given by ACI code and China code are found to be conservative as the reinforcement ratio is increased.

  8. Application of dried blood spot cards to determine olive oil phenols (hydroxytyrosol metabolites) in human blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Las Hazas, María Carmen López; Motilva, Maria José; Piñol, Carme; Macià, Alba

    2016-10-01

    In this study, a fast and simple blood sampling and sample pre-treatment method based on the use of the dried blood spot (DBS) cards and ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for the quantification of olive oil phenolic metabolites in human blood was developed and validated. After validation, the method was applied to determine hydroxytyrosol metabolites in human blood samples after the acute intake of an olive oil phenolic extract. Using the FTA DMPK-A DBS card under optimum conditions, with 20µL as the blood solution volume, 100µL of methanol/Milli-Q water (50/50, v/v) as the extraction solvent and 7 disks punched out from the card, the main hydroxytyrosol metabolites (hydroxytyrosol-3-O-sulphate and hydroxytyrosol acetate sulphate) were identified and quantified. The developed methodology allowed detecting and quantifying the generated metabolites at low μM levels. The proposed method is a significant improvement over existing methods to determine phenolic metabolites circulating in blood and plasma samples, thus making blood sampling possible with the volunteer pricking their own finger, and the subsequent storage of the blood in the DBS cards prior to chromatographic analysis. PMID:27474297

  9. Smart Card: Turning Point of Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Abhishek Mahajan; Akash Verma; Dhruv Pahuja

    2014-01-01

    A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (icc) is any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits. Smart Cards are secure portable storage devices used for several applications especially security related ones involving access to system’s database either online or offline. Smart cards are made of plastic, generally polyvinyl chloride, but sometimes polyethylene terephthalate based polyesters, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene orpolycarbonate. This research is chie...

  10. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PUNCH AND SPLIT THICKNESS GRAFTING IN STABLE LIP VITILIGO PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srinivasulu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Our study was conducted to prove the efficacy of surgical modalities in vitiligo. AIM: To Compare the efficacy of well established, easier and safer punch grafting with split thickness grafting in stable lip Vitiligo patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: patients with stable lip Vitiligo for more than 1 year. RESULTS: with punch grafting 5 out of 12 patients and with split thickness grafting 10 out of 12 patients developed more than 75% pigmentation. CONCLUSION: Punch grafting is technically less demanding, easier to perform can be done in any kind of setup with minimal equipment but associated with textural abnormalities. Split thickness grafting requires skill, and well equipped OT theatre and gives excellent cosmetic result.

  11. It's All in the Cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Jim

    2002-01-01

    Describes how the author learned by watching low-achieving students play intricate card games such as "Magic" that they can learn, can remember, and certainly can master information. Realizes that these cards were advanced learning tools, multifaceted texts using color, symbols, images, texts, and metaphor to help create a world of information.…

  12. Smart Cards and remote entrusting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aussel, Jean-Daniel; D'Annoville, Jerome; Castillo, Laurent; Durand, Stephane; Fabre, Thierry; Lu, Karen; Ali, Asad

    Smart cards are widely used to provide security in end-to-end communication involving servers and a variety of terminals, including mobile handsets or payment terminals. Sometime, end-to-end server to smart card security is not applicable, and smart cards must communicate directly with an application executing on a terminal, like a personal computer, without communicating with a server. In this case, the smart card must somehow trust the terminal application before performing some secure operation it was designed for. This paper presents a novel method to remotely trust a terminal application from the smart card. For terminals such as personal computers, this method is based on an advanced secure device connected through the USB and consisting of a smart card bundled with flash memory. This device, or USB dongle, can be used in the context of remote untrusting to secure portable applications conveyed in the dongle flash memory. White-box cryptography is used to set the secure channel and a mechanism based on thumbprint is described to provide external authentication when session keys need to be renewed. Although not as secure as end-to-end server to smart card security, remote entrusting with smart cards is easy to deploy for mass-market applications and can provide a reasonable level of security.

  13. Electronic payments using payment cards

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Waaij, B. D.; Siljee, B.I.J.; Broekhuijsen, B.J.; Ponsioen, C.; Maas, A.; Aten, R.M.; Hoepman, J.H.; Loon, J.H. van; Smit, M.

    2009-01-01

    A method of making a payment uses a mobile communication device (1) and a payment card (2), both the mobile communication device (1) and the payment card (2) being provided with a respective near field communication unit (11, 21) and at least the mobile communication device (1) being provided with an input unit (12) for inputting data. The method comprises the steps of: etc.

  14. Dual Card,Double Happiness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    As Christmas Day and New Year Day draw near, why not treat yourself with a smart digital gizmo. Then, the Samsung Dual-card Cellphone is what you are longing for. Samsung B5712C, the first dual-card model released by Samsung,

  15. Improved small punch testing and parameter identification of ductile to brittle materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minimal invasive material testing is of special interest, when only small amounts of material are available or the material degradation of structural components in service has to be evaluated. The disc-shaped specimens used in the small punch test are small enough for local material sampling but representative for characterizing the macroscopic material behaviour. A small punch test device was developed which enables the testing of materials in the whole range from ductile to brittle failure and from ambient temperature down to −190 °C in a unique experimental set-up. The specimens are not clamped as usually in the small punch test. This is crucial for brittle fracture behaviour with little or without plastic deformation. The measured load displacement curve of the punch represents the non-linear response of the material due to elastic–plastic deformation. It contains relevant information about true material parameters, which can be made accessible by solving the inverse problem. Thus, plastic yield curves and Weibull parameters were identified by combining finite element simulations with non-linear optimization techniques. Examples for measured load displacement curves and related results of parameter identification are shown for a pressure vessel steel and a laser welded joint. The results obtained from the small punch test are verified by data from standard specimen tests. - Highlights: • Improved small punch test suited for the whole range of ductile to brittle materials. • Minimal invasive determination of true material parameters by means of numerical simulations. • Temperature dependent yield curve parameters were identified using a response surface approach. • Estimation of Weibull parameters of cleavage fracture for steels at low temperatures

  16. The c-cards game

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea

    2005-01-01

    C-cards are an easy-to-reify, graphical formalism capable of expressing computational systems, discrete both in time and in space. The main goal of the project aims at scaling-down the learning complexity of Computer Science core contents. We argue that our cards present many dimensions of flexib......C-cards are an easy-to-reify, graphical formalism capable of expressing computational systems, discrete both in time and in space. The main goal of the project aims at scaling-down the learning complexity of Computer Science core contents. We argue that our cards present many dimensions...... of flexibility, resulting in a highly customizable learning object, that gives teachers and pedagogues freedom with respect to reification and deployment strategies. The correlation between the c-cards game and children's soft skills is also discussed....

  17. Assessment of mechanical properties of aluminium alloy welded joint using small punch test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiao Jisen; Tang Xueqin; Chen Jianhong; Zhu Liang

    2007-01-01

    The small punch test technique (SPT) was used to evaluate the mechanical properties of various materials and the basic method to test material tensile mechanics performance from an inverse finite element (FE) arithmetic with SPT was put forward. The research shows that specific tensile mechanical behavior and strain-stress distribution of each district of weld seam can be accurately determined by small punch test. Therefore, mechanical behavior of the inhomogeneous joint can be predicted by a numerical model. The simulation comes to good agreement with experimental data.

  18. Implementation of Java Card Virtual Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘嵩岩; 毛志刚; 叶以正

    2000-01-01

    Java card is a new system for programming smart cards, which is based on the Java language and Virtual Machine. Java card programs (applets)run in Java Card Runtime Environment (JCRE) including the Java Card Virtual Machine (JCVM), the framework, the associated native methods and the API (Application Programming Interface). JCVM is implemented as two separate pieces:off-card VM (Virtual Machine) and on-card VM. The stack model and heap memory structure used by on-card VM and exception handling are introduced. Because there are limited resources within smart card environment, and garbage collection is not supported in JCVM, the preferred way to exception handling does not directly involve the use of throw, although the throw keyword is supported. Security is the most important feature of smart card. The Java card applet security feature is also discussed.

  19. Patron ID Cards Made Easy and Cheap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peischl, Tom

    1978-01-01

    Four major problems of academic library identification cards are expense, distribution, timeliness, and validation. By moving from a commercially produced plastic library card to a locally produced paper IBM-type card, this library solved these four library card problems. (Author)

  20. Payment Cards Market Competition Heats Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGPEI

    2005-01-01

    China is widely recognized to be one of the domestic payment card markets with greatest potential. According to statistics from the People's Bank of China, the country's central bank, the number of bank cards in China had risen to 76z million as of the end of 2004, a figure that included 663 million debit cards and 98 million credit cards.

  1. Hot embossing and mechanical punching of biodegradable microcontainers for oral drug delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ritika Singh; Mahshid, Rasoul; Andersen, Nis Korsgaard;

    2015-01-01

    A process has been developed to fabricate discrete three-dimensional microcontainers for oral drug delivery application in Poly-L-Lactic Acid (PLLA) polymer. The method combines hot embossing for the definition of holes in a PLLA film and mechanical punching to penetrate the polymer layer around...

  2. Multiscale modeling of a small punch test on nanostructured CP titanium

    OpenAIRE

    Ridruejo Rodríguez, Álvaro; Segurado Escudero, Javier; Sabirov, Ilchat; Llorca Martinez, Francisco Javier

    2013-01-01

    Small punch (SP) test techniques are typically used to study the mechanical properties of materials or components from miniature size specimens. This kind of test was originally developed to assess ductility loss in steel caused by irradiation or thermal treatment, particularly when the amount of metal was limited, but it soon proved to be a powerful method to estimate several properties.

  3. Small punch creep test: A promising methodology for high temperature plant components life evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tettamanti, S. [CISE SpA, Milan (Italy); Crudeli, R. [ENEL SpA, Milan (Italy)

    1998-12-31

    CISE and ENEL are involved for years in a miniaturization creep methodology project to obtain similar non-destructive test with the same standard creep test reliability. The goal can be reached with `Small punch creep test` that collect all the requested characteristics; quasi nondestructive disk specimens extracted both on external or internal side of components, than accurately machined and tested on little and cheap apparatus. CISE has developed complete creep small punch procedure that involved peculiar test facility and correlation`s law comparable with the more diffused isostress methodology for residual life evaluation on ex-serviced high temperature plant components. The aim of this work is to obtain a simple and immediately applicable relationship useful for plant maintenance managing. More added work is need to validate the Small Punch methodology and for relationship calibration on most diffusion high temperature structural materials. First obtained results on a comparative work on ASTM A355 P12 ex-serviced pipe material are presented joint with a description of the Small Punch apparatus realized in CISE. (orig.) 6 refs.

  4. Evaluation of ductility of zircaloy-2 materials using a small ellipsoidal-shaped punch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seam-welded Zircaloy-2 calandria tubes are used in the fuel channel of CANDU reactors, to isolate the hot pressure tube from the cool heavy-water moderator. The mechanical properties of irradiated welds are required to assess whether they will be satisfactory to the end-of-life of the reactor. It is impractical to irradiate short sections of calandria tube for burst testing. Therefore, we have developed a small ellipsoidal-shaped punch to evaluate the mechanical properties of anisotropic Zircaloy-2 material having various microstructures such as those present in a welded calandria tube. Small punch tests were performed on four different types of calandria tubes, two welded and two seamless, and the results show that the mechanical anisotropy of the tubes could be differentiated. The fracture produced in unirradiated small specimens showed a straight-line crack, similar to a straight-line rupture on a tube during burst testing. A re-constitution of the properties from small specimens was used for correlation with the burst properties of the tubes. A consistent correlation was obtained for the punch load and displacement with the burst strength and ductility of the tubes. Based on this correlation, mechanical properties of irradiated welds using the small ellipsoidal punch method are being evaluated. (author)

  5. Characterisation of reactor steels in the brittle-ductile transition region using the small punch test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two ferritic reactor steels (A 533 B and A508) were investigated using the small punch test for different temperatures and irradiation states, with particular interest in the ductile-tensile transition region. The material characteristics obtained with the aid of neuronal nets were compared with the results of conventional tests. (orig.)

  6. Obtaining full contact for measuring polydimethylsiloxane mechanical properties with flat punch nanoindentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Paoli, Federico; Volinsky, Alex A

    2015-01-01

    Procedure to establish full contact between the sample and the 1 mm diameter cylindrical flat punch tip to measure polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mechanical properties using the Hysitron TriboIndenter is described. This procedure differs from the standard automated indentation because each indent has to be performed manually after establishing full contact with the sample surface. Incomplete contact happens because of the sample tilt with respect to the flat punch surface and results in incorrect elastic modulus values.•Automated indentation results in incorrect values of the elastic modulus due to initial incomplete contact between the flat punch and the PDMS sample surface, caused by the tilt, and using the unloading slope, which is affected by viscoelastic soft polymer deformation.•Correct procedure requires establishing the full contact between the tip and the sample. This is achieved by moving the tip into the sample in 1-2 μm increments, up to 40-80 μm maximum combined displacement, until the loading stiffness no longer increases.•The elastic modulus is calculated from the loading stiffness and the diameter of the flat punch, instead of the unloading stiffness, which is larger due to viscoelastic unloading. After establishing the full contact, other mechanical testing can be conducted. PMID:26587387

  7. Further observations and review of numerical simulations of sheet metal punching

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klingenberg, W.; Singh, U.P.

    2006-01-01

    In this report, a numerical study into the punching process is presented. During the simulations, the Gurson/Tvergaard damage model is applied in order to model void nucleation and growth. Particular attention is given in this paper to some of the inherent assumptions of both the damage mechanics mo

  8. Investigating the effect of tablet thickness and punch curvature on density distribution using finite elements method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diarra, Harona; Mazel, Vincent; Busignies, Virginie; Tchoreloff, Pierre

    2015-09-30

    Finite elements method was used to study the influence of tablet thickness and punch curvature on the density distribution inside convex faced (CF) tablets. The modeling of the process was conducted on 2 pharmaceutical excipients (anhydrous calcium phosphate and microcrystalline cellulose) by using Drucker-Prager Cap model in Abaqus(®) software. The parameters of the model were obtained from experimental tests. Several punch shapes based on industrial standards were used. A flat-faced (FF) punch and 3 convex faced (CF) punches (8R11, 8R8 and 8R6) with a diameter of 8mm were chosen. Different tablet thicknesses were studied at a constant compression force. The simulation of the compaction of CF tablets with increasing thicknesses showed an important change on the density distribution inside the tablet. For smaller thicknesses, low density zones are located toward the center. The density is not uniform inside CF tablets and the center of the 2 faces appears with low density whereas the distribution inside FF tablets is almost independent of the tablet thickness. These results showed that FF and CF tablets, even obtained at the same compression force, do not have the same density at the center of the compact. As a consequence differences in tensile strength, as measured by diametral compression, are expected. This was confirmed by experimental tests. PMID:26200746

  9. Analysis of ancient Indian silver punch-marked coins by external PIXE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rautray, Tapash R., E-mail: tapash.rautray@gmail.com [Department of Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005, Orissa (India); Nayak, Suman S. [Department of Computer Science, College of Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 201 North Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801-2302 (United States); Tripathy, Bipin B. [Department of Physics, Silicon Institute of Technology, Patia, Bhubaneswar 751024 (India); Das, Saubhagyalaxmi [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar 751005, Orissa (India); Das, Manas R. [Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Technical education and Research, SOA University, Jagmohan Nagar, Bhubaneswar 751030 (India); Das, Satya R. [Department of Computer Science, Institute of Technical education and Research, SOA University, Jagmohan Nagar, Bhubaneswar 751030 (India); Chattopadhyay, Pranab K. [Centre for Archaeological Studies and Training, Eastern India, 4 Camac Street (1st Floor), Kolkata 700016 (India)

    2011-10-15

    Seven silver punch-marked coins were analysed using external particle induced X-ray emission technique. The main group of elements like Ag, Cu, Au, Pb and Fe were estimated along with a number of trace/minor elements such as K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni and Rb in the analysed silver coins. Gold was found in all the coins and varied between 0.7% and 6.2% indicating the better economic condition of that civilisation. - Highlights: > The silver punch-marked coins, in the current study, were in use in India between 6th century BC to 6th century AD and have been analysed by in-air PIXE. > These sets of coins have immense archaeological importance because of their very rare availability. > These coins are distinguished from other coins because of the presence of gold as major element. > While the British period coins were fabricated using modern technologies, the punch-marked coins were shaped manually with developed metal technology. > The analysis of punch-marked coins using external PIXE beam has been done for the first time, which is unique of its kind.

  10. Turning a Private Label Bank Card into a Multi-function Campus ID Card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Thomas G.; Norwood, Bill R.

    1991-01-01

    This article describes the development at Florida State University of the Seminole ACCESS card, which functions simultaneously as a bank automated teller machine card, a student identification card, and a debit card. Explained are the partnership between the university and the bank charge card center, funding system, technologies involved, and…

  11. Very heavy iron-punching concretes; Betons tres lourds a base de riblons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubois, F. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay(France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1966-07-01

    The present report deals with all the heavy iron-punching concretes, metallic wastes produced by the transformation industry. After a detailed description of the physical properties of metallic aggregates, a classification of heavy mortars is given, into three main categories: steel-shot grouts d = 5,3 - 6; steel-shot grouts mixed with a mineral d = 3,7 - 4,2; injection heavy grouts d = 3,5 - 4. The following chapter describes iron-punching concretes the most used in the atomic industry: iron-punching concretes mixed with cast-iron - iron-punching concretes mixed with magnetite; iron-punching concretes mixed with barite; iron-punching concretes mixed with limonite; iron-punching concretes mixed with boron. The compositions of these concretes are given together with their physical and mechanical characteristics. Numerous diagrams make it possible to find rapidly the proportions of the constituents of these concretes as a function of the required density. Technical advice and specifications are given in an appendix together with a bibliography of these heavy concretes. (author) [French] Le present rapport traite de l'ensemble des betons lourds realises a l'aide de riblons, dechets metalliques fournis par l'industrie de transformation. Apres une description detaillee des proprietes physiques des agregats metalliques, les mortiers lourds sont d'abord presentes en les classant en trois grandes categories: les mortiers a base de grenailles d 5,3 a 6; les mortiers a base de grenailles avec addition d'un mineral d 3,7 a 4,2; les mortiers lourds injectables d = 3,5 a 4. Le chapitre suivant decrit les betons a base de riblons les plus utilises, dans l'industrie atomique: les betons de riblons avec addition de fonte; les betons de riblons avec addition de magnetite; les betons de riblons avec addition de barytine; les betons de riblons avec addition de limonite; les betons de riblons avec addition de bore. Les compositions de ces betons ainsi que

  12. A secure additive protocol for card players

    CERN Document Server

    Cordon-Franco, Andres; Fernandez-Duque, David; Joosten, Joost J; Soler-Toscano, Fernando

    2011-01-01

    Consider three players Alice, Bob and Cath who hold a, b and c cards, respectively, from a deck of d=a+b+c cards. The cards are all different and players only know their own cards. Suppose Alice and Bob wish to communicate their cards to each other without Cath learning whether Alice or Bob holds a specific card. Considering the cards as consecutive natural numbers 0,1,..., we investigate general conditions for when Alice or Bob can safely announce the sum of the cards they hold modulo an appropriately chosen integer. We demonstrate that this holds whenever a,b>2 and c=1. Because Cath holds a single card, this also implies that Alice and Bob will learn the card deal from the other player's announcement.

  13. From EuCARD to EuCARD-2

    CERN Multimedia

    Chaudron, M

    2013-01-01

    The one word that best describes the spirit of the EuCARD ’13 event (see here) that took place from 10 to 14 June at CERN is "collaboration". The event brought together more than 180 accelerator specialists from all over the world to celebrate the conclusion of the EuCARD project and to kick off its successor, EuCARD-2.   EuCARD-2 brings a global view to particle accelerator research in order to address challenges for future generations of accelerators. The project officially began on 1 May 2013 and will run for four years. With a total budget of €23.4 million, including an €8 million EU contribution, it will build upon the success of EuCARD and push it into an even more innovative regime. EuCARD-2 aims to significantly enhance multidisciplinary R&D for European accelerators and will actively contribute to the development of a European Research Area in accelerator science. This will be accomplished by promoting complementary expertise, cross-d...

  14. Credit card debt and payment use

    OpenAIRE

    Sprenger, Charles; Stavins, Joanna

    2008-01-01

    Approximately half of credit card holders in the United States regularly carry unpaid credit card debt. These so-called "revolvers" exhibit payment behavior that differs from that of those who repay their entire credit card balance every month. Previous literature has focused on the adoption of debit cards by people who carry credit card balances, but so far there has been no empirical analysis exploring the relationship between revolving behavior and patterns of payment use, such as substitu...

  15. All Cards On the Table

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Foreign-funded banks were allowed to issue bank cards after securing renminbi business for Chinese citizens last December, ushering in toe-to-toe competition between Chinese and foreign banks The China Banking Regulatory Commission(CBRC) began

  16. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring : - a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) - the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to: Bureau des cartes, bât 33.1-009/1-011. HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  17. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring : a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication)to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-011. Members of personnel will be notified by HR Division as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  18. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division

    2001-01-01

    Members of the personnel and their families, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2001, need to change them. Those concerned should bring : a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to Bureau des cartes, building 33/1-009/1-015. Members of the personnel will be notified by the Social and Statutary Conditions Group, HR Division as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: If you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  19. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring: ­ a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) ­ the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-011 Members of the personnel will be notified by HR Division as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsability in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  20. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring: - a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) - the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to: Bureau des cartes, bldg 33.1-009/1-011. HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  1. Stream processing health card application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polat, Seda; Gündem, Taflan Imre

    2012-10-01

    In this paper, we propose a data stream management system embedded to a smart card for handling and storing user specific summaries of streaming data coming from medical sensor measurements and/or other medical measurements. The data stream management system that we propose for a health card can handle the stream data rates of commonly known medical devices and sensors. It incorporates a type of context awareness feature that acts according to user specific information. The proposed system is cheap and provides security for private data by enhancing the capabilities of smart health cards. The stream data management system is tested on a real smart card using both synthetic and real data. PMID:22127523

  2. NOC rate card: Olympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    These catalogues list all items that will be available for the National Olympic Committees through the Rio 2016 Rate Card portal. They contain also the terms and conditions for all the NOC's purchases.

  3. Partner rate card: Olympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Welcome to the London 2012 Partner Rate Card catalogue, the easy way to order the products, services and facilities you will need to deliver hospitality programmes at the Olympic Hospitality Centre and showcasing facilities at the Olympic Park.

  4. OPENING HOURS FOR CARDS OFFICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    Due to the extra workload generated by the global renewal of French cards and in order to preserve the level of service offered by the cards office, please note that this office will in future be open every morning from 8.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. until further notice. The service can be contacted by telephone during the same hours. Thank you for your understanding.

  5. Customer interest in greeting cards

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thy

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis project is to research the consumer interest in greeting cards in Espoo, Finland. Therefore, this thesis can give elaborate information about customer preferences in greeting cards’ features in Espoo for the case company, Active Paper, an enterprise focused on the development of bioactive paper based product. Moreover, the main objective of this thesis is to figure out the customer interest in greeting card in Espoo to provide information about consumer behavior not...

  6. Payment cards on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Vybíralová, Simona

    2009-01-01

    This thesis deals with payment options on the Internet and is primarily focused on payment cards both in terms of their risks of use, and their popularity from the perspective of merchants and customers. The thesis is divided into six chapters. The first part talks about available payment methods when paying in Czech e-shops. The second part is relates to payment cards in terms of the brief description of its development, current situation, classification, security, security risks and securit...

  7. Quasi-static Normal Indentation of a Circular Disk Shaped Miniature Specimen by Rigid Hemispherical-headed Punches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asif Husain

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The influence of diameter of rigid hemispherical-headed punches on a circular disk shaped miniature specimen of medium carbon steel has been investigated, in the small punch test. A 3-D finite-element model carried out the computation of the elastic-plastic solution ofdifferent hemispherical rigid punches. The three hemispherical-headed punches were designed and developed to conduct the miniature test. The small. punch test"was conducted on a circular shaped disk (l0.0 mm diameter, 0.5 mm thick, clamped around the periphery and deformed by central load applied by rigid hemispherical indenter. The ABAQUS finite-element software has been used to determine the load vs punch-displacement curves, von-Mises stresses, equivalent plastic strain, contact pressure, logarithmic stresses, load-till failure and full-field displacement in the model have been computed. The finite-element model was validated by comparing with the experimental data for load vs displacement curves. The effect of punch diameter on load vs displacement was observed experimentally as well as by finite-element method. The computational results compared reasonably well with the experimental results.

  8. Passive microfluidic array card and reader

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dugan, Lawrence Christopher (Modesto, CA); Coleman, Matthew A. (Oakland, CA)

    2011-08-09

    A microfluidic array card and reader system for analyzing a sample. The microfluidic array card includes a sample loading section for loading the sample onto the microfluidic array card, a multiplicity of array windows, and a transport section or sections for transporting the sample from the sample loading section to the array windows. The microfluidic array card reader includes a housing, a receiving section for receiving the microfluidic array card, a viewing section, and a light source that directs light to the array window of the microfluidic array card and to the viewing section.

  9. Analytical determination of the reach-through breakdown voltage of bipolar transistors, asymmetric thyristors and Punch Through-IGBTs

    OpenAIRE

    Cristea, Miron J.

    2006-01-01

    In this work, an analytical formula that gives the reach-through breakdown voltage of bipolar transistors, asymmetric thyristors, Punch Through-IGBTs and other devices with similar structure is deduced for the first time.

  10. The development of a tensile-shear punch correlation for yield properties of model austenitic alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hankin, G.L.; Faulkner, R.G. [Loughborough Univ. (United Kingdom); Hamilton, M.L.; Garner, F.A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-08-01

    The effective shear yield and maximum strengths of a set of neutron-irradiated, isotopically tailored austentic alloys were evaluated using the shear punch test. The dependence on composition and neutron dose showed the same trends as were observed in the corresponding miniature tensile specimen study conducted earlier. A single tensile-shear punch correlation was developed for the three alloys in which the maximum shear stress or Tresca criterion was successfully applied to predict the slope. The correlation will predict the tensile yield strength of the three different austenitic alloys tested to within {+-}53 MPa. The accuracy of the correlation improves with increasing material strength, to within {+-} MPa for predicting tensile yield strengths in the range of 400-800 MPa.

  11. Soft-punch Hydro-forming of 304 Stainless Steel Sheet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maosheng LI; Yongnian YAN; Junbin PENG; Rendong WU

    2006-01-01

    The process of soft-punch hydro-forming was use.cl to form some workpieces. However, it has not been completely understood until now. In this paper, based on some primary experiments, in which cups have been tried under different working conditions with the soft-punch hydro-forming process, systematical know-how about why the LDR of a metal sheet is different, how working conditions influence qualities of a work-piece,and how the deformation takes place has been achieved when simulations are employed. All these results claim that the cup depth heavily weighs on the cup wall thinning rate, and a satisfied complex part can be achieved when the contacting time between the sheet and the female die is under our control well by a movable slider,which is fixed as the bottom of the female die.

  12. Evaluation of thermal aging embrittlement in CF8 duplex stainless steel by small punch test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small punch test was performed on CF8 duplex stainless steel aged at 370 and 400 deg. C for up to 5000 h to characterize thermal aging embrittlement. At room temperature, the small punch (SP) load-displacement curve was similar in shape to those of ferritic steels and exhibited a good reproducibility in spite of ferrite-austenite structure. As the test temperature was lowered to a certain temperature depending on the degree of aging, the SP load showed a sudden drop followed by curve serration before the SP specimen fractured, resulting from the cracking of ferrite phase. While the aging heat treatment led to a slight increase of the yield strength, the transition appearing in the SP energy versus temperature curves shifted to higher temperature due to the hardening of ferrite phase. Additionally, phase boundary separation was an important factor in the degradation of the steel aged at 400 deg. C

  13. [Possibilities for injuries caused by rubber bullets from the self-defense weapon MR 35 Punch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schyma, C; Schyma, P

    1997-01-01

    Manurhin developed a "non lethal" weapon, the MR 35 Punch, which fires 21 g weighing rubber balls of 35 mm caliber. The black powder cartridges which were used as propellant cause important variations of the projectile's velocity from 120 to 140 m/s. The resulting energies were about 150 to 200 J. The wounding potential was examined by shots on different materials and gelatin. Shots from 2 to 5 m distance caused penetrations of 3 to 8 cm in 10 percent gelatin. Covering the gelatin with skin or thick textiles did not significantly change the penetration. Skin and textiles were penetrated in all experiments. Pieces of flat bone which were embedded in gelatin were fractured by the shots, in part fracture elements were dislocated. The discussion of the wound ballistic results contradict the "non lethal" character of the MR 35 Punch. PMID:9446526

  14. The development of a tensile-shear punch correlation for yield properties of model austenitic alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effective shear yield and maximum strengths of a set of neutron-irradiated, isotopically tailored austentic alloys were evaluated using the shear punch test. The dependence on composition and neutron dose showed the same trends as were observed in the corresponding miniature tensile specimen study conducted earlier. A single tensile-shear punch correlation was developed for the three alloys in which the maximum shear stress or Tresca criterion was successfully applied to predict the slope. The correlation will predict the tensile yield strength of the three different austenitic alloys tested to within ±53 MPa. The accuracy of the correlation improves with increasing material strength, to within ± MPa for predicting tensile yield strengths in the range of 400-800 MPa

  15. Model validation for the numerical simulation of the Double Punch Test

    OpenAIRE

    Pros Parés, Alba; Díez, Pedro; Molins i Borrell, Climent

    2008-01-01

    The Double Punch test, an indirect traction test, is simulated numerically considering two different models (the nonlocal Mazars damage model and an heuristic crack model with joint elements). The test was designed to measure indirectly the tensile strength of concrete, hence, through these two numerical models, we are able to assess the tensile strength numerically. Experimental results present scattering when assessing the tensile strength, therefore, other tests are needed to set all...

  16. Production of alloyed nanocrystalline surfaces by combined punching, sandblasting and recovery treatments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang Xinhu [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2G6 (Canada); Li, D.Y. [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2G6 (Canada)], E-mail: dongyang.li@ualberta.ca

    2008-06-15

    The paper describes a process combining punching, sandblasting and recovery treatments (PSR) for synthesizing an alloyed Al-Ti nanocrystalline surface layer on an Al alloy. The treated surface was about five times harder than that of the original alloy and the surface stability increased markedly, as indicated by an increase in the electron work function. The corrosion resistance of the treated surface was also raised significantly. These changes originated from surface alloying and nanocrystallization.

  17. Isolation of high quality protein samples from punches of formalin fixed and paraffin embedded tissue blocks

    OpenAIRE

    J. Kroll(Department of Physics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA, United States of America); Becker, K.F.; Kuphal, S; Hein, R.; Hofstädter, F; Bosserhoff, A K

    2008-01-01

    In general, it is believed that the extraction of proteins from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded samples is not feasible. However, recently a new technique was developed, presenting the extraction of non-degraded, full length proteins from formalin fixed tissues, usable for western blotting and protein arrays. In the study presented here, we applied this technique to punch biopsies of formalin fixed tissues embedded in paraffin to reduce heterogeneity of the tissue rep...

  18. SMALL PUNCH CREEP TESTING FOR MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION AND LIFE TIME PREDICTION

    OpenAIRE

    HOLMSTROM BJORN; Haehner, Peter; HURST Roger Christopher; BRUCHHAUSEN MATTHIAS; FISCHER Burkhard; LAPETITE Jean-Marc; GUPTA MOHITA

    2014-01-01

    The Small Punch (SP) test is a miniature technique that can provide information on materials performance for a range of situations where standard testing is not applicable or considered too material consuming. The SP is especially suited for determining material properties for heat affected zones in welds (local) and for nearly non-destructive testing of service exposed materials. Also, the SP is a powerful tool for ranking of novel materials produced in small quantities and for testing irrad...

  19. A FEM punch-through IGBT model using an efficient parameter extraction method

    OpenAIRE

    Chibante, R; Araujo, A.; Carvalho, A

    2005-01-01

    A Finite Element physics-based punch-through IGBT model is presented. The models core is based on solving the Ambipolar Diffusion Equation (ADE) trough a variational formulation, resulting in a system of ODEs. The approach enables an easy implementation into a standard circuit simulator SPICE by means of an electrical analogy with the resulting system of ODEs, solved as a set of current controlled RC nets that describes charge carrier distribution in low-doped zone. The issue of parameter ext...

  20. Using Teamcenter engineering software for a successive punching tool lifecycle management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaga, F.; Pele, A.-V.; Stǎnǎşel, I.; Buidoş, T.; Hule, V.

    2015-11-01

    The paper presents studies and researches results of the implementation of Teamcenter (TC) integrated management of a product lifecycle, in a virtual enterprise. The results are able to be implemented also in a real enterprise. The product was considered a successive punching and cutting tool, designed to materialize a metal sheet part. The paper defines the technical documentation flow (flow of information) in the process of constructive computer aided design of the tool. After the design phase is completed a list of parts is generated containing standard or manufactured components (BOM, Bill of Materials). The BOM may be exported to MS Excel (.xls) format and can be transferred to other departments of the company in order to supply the necessary materials and resources to achieve the final product. This paper describes the procedure to modify or change certain dimensions of sheet metal part obtained by punching. After 3D and 2D design, the digital prototype of punching tool moves to following lifecycle phase of the manufacturing process. For each operation of the technological process the corresponding phases are described in detail. Teamcenter enables to describe manufacturing company structure, underlying workstations that carry out various operations of manufacturing process. The paper revealed that the implementation of Teamcenter PDM in a company, improves efficiency of managing product information, eliminating time working with search, verification and correction of documentation, while ensuring the uniqueness and completeness of the product data.

  1. Dermabrasion-Loo-punch-excision technique for the treatment of acne-induced osteoma cutis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulton, J E

    1987-06-01

    Three patients with chronic osteoma cutis secondary to acne vulgaris were treated with the dermabrasion-Loo-punch-excision technique. Under regional nerve block with lidocaine-bipuvacaine (50:50) a uniform dermabrasion was performed across the entire face, including the hairline and 1 cm below the jawline. This exposed the foci of osteoma cutis. Then the appropriate sized Loo punch (usually the 2.0- or the 2.5-mm punch) was used to excise the bluish-gray miliary lesions. The majority of the foci were removed in one operation. Following excision, the lesions were closed with 7-0 prolene suture. To prevent crust formation postoperatively, Aloe-vera-soaked polyethylene oxide gel dressings (Vigilon) were changed twice daily following an ice water compress. Sutures were removed rapidly in 5 to 7 days to prevent the appearance of suture lines. Although one patient required an additional procedure, the cosmetic results were excellent. Only a few small residual blue "dot" lesions remained in these three cases. PMID:2953769

  2. Tensile-shear correlations obtained from shear punch test technique using a modified experimental approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karthik, V.; Visweswaran, P.; Vijayraghavan, A.; Kasiviswanathan, K. V.; Raj, Baldev

    2009-09-01

    Shear punch testing has been a very useful technique for evaluating mechanical properties of irradiated alloys using a very small volume of material. The load-displacement data is influenced by the compliance of the fixture components. This paper describes a modified experimental approach where the compliances of the punch and die components are eliminated. The analysis of the load-displacement data using the modified setup for various alloys like low carbon steel, SS316, modified 9Cr-1Mo, 2.25Cr-1Mo indicate that the shear yield strength evaluated at 0.2% offset of normalized displacement relates to the tensile YS as per the Von Mises yield relation ( σys = 1.73 τys). A universal correlation of type UTS = mτmax where m is a function of strain hardening exponent, is seen to be obeyed for all the materials in this study. The use of analytical models developed for blanking process are explored for evaluating strain hardening exponent from the load-displacement data. This study is directed towards rationalizing the tensile-shear empirical correlations for a more reliable prediction of tensile properties from shear punch tests.

  3. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR DIVISION

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)the expired (or due to expire) card and a photocopy (for certified authentication)to: Bureau des cartes, building 33/1-025Members of personnel will be notified by HR Division as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  4. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:-\ta recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)-\tthe expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to:Bureau des cartes, bât 33.1-009/1-011.HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  5. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders ofSWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to:Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-011.HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  6. Swiss and French cards - Reminder

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2011-01-01

    Communication from the HR Department to members of personnel holding an employment or association contract, above 50% and for more than 3 months, with the Organization. The HR Department would like to remind all members of the personnel concerned that they are obliged to: hold a valid Swiss Légitimation card AND a valid French card (“Titre de séjour spécial” or “attestation de fonctions”) at all times during the exercise of their functions in the Organization; return these documents as soon as their functions in the Organization cease. Not following these rules could be prejudicial to the Organization and appropriate measures may be taken with respect to the member of the personnel concerned. Information and procedures concerning Swiss and French cards (first application, renewal, theft/loss, etc.) are available in the Admin e-guide: https://cern.ch/admin-eguide/cartes/proc_cartes_home.asp Users and Unpaid Associates must ...

  7. Reminder: Swiss and French cards

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Communication from the HR Department to members of personnel holding an employment or association contract, above 50% and for more than 3 months, with the Organization. The HR Department would like to remind all members of personnel concerned that they are obliged to: • hold a valid Swiss  Légitimation card AND a valid French card (“Titre de séjour spécial” or “attestation de fonctions”) at all times during the exercise of their functions in the Organization; • return these documents as soon as their functions in the Organization cease. Not following these rules could be prejudicial to the Organization and appropriate measures may be taken towards the member of personnel concerned. Information and procedures concerning Swiss and French cards (first application, renewal, theft/loss, etc.) are available in the Admin e-guide. Users and Unpaid Associates must contact the Users Office HR Department Tel.: 729...

  8. Antibiotic 'Report Card' Drills Guidelines into Dentists

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160702.html Antibiotic 'Report Card' Drills Guidelines Into Dentists Seeing their ... HealthDay News) -- Dentists are less likely to prescribe antibiotics for patients after seeing a "report card" on ...

  9. Calibration of TOB+ Thermometer's Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Banitt, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Motivation - Under the new upgrade of the CMS detector the working temperature of the trackers had been reduced to -27 Celsius degrees. Though the thermal sensors themselves (Murata and Fenwal thermistors) are effective at these temperatures, the max1542 PLC (programmable logic controller) cards, interpreting the resistance of the thermal sensors into DC counts usable by the DCS (detector control system), are not designed for these temperatures in which the counts exceed their saturation and therefor had to be replaced. In my project I was in charge of handling the emplacement and calibration of the new PLC cards to the TOB (tracker outer barrel) control system.

  10. Smart Card Driving License System in Gujarat

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak Kumar

    2005-01-01

    Gujarat was the first state in India which introduced the smart card license system in 1999. It was the first place in the world which introduced this innovative system and, thus, its implementation was a real challenge. As of now, Gujarat Government has issued 5 million smart card driving licenses to its people. This card is basically a plastic card having ISO 7810 certification and integrated circuit,capable of storing and verifying information according to its programming. To avoid corrupt...

  11. 76 FR 3180 - Market Test of Gift Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... advantage of cross-selling opportunities with greeting cards. The test will expand to up to 3,000 additional... the mails for sending gift cards, the Postal Service asserts that selling gift cards at Postal Service... costs of selling the product, the value of types of cards, card packaging and card locations to...

  12. Development of an Active SERCOS Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu,Yanqiang; Huan,Ji

    2004-01-01

    SERCOS is a data exchange protocol between CNCcontroller and digital drives. The author developed an Active SERCOS Card based on PC ISA bus. With this card, we can control digital drives with SERCOS interfaces without any detailed knowledge of SERCOS. This paper introduces the hardware and software architectures of the card.

  13. Security of Visa card and MasterCard for e-transaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2009-01-01

    With the rapidly growth of information and technology, e-business is becoming a buzz word. It has been brought enormous benefits. But there are still hidden dangers for these businesses. The security of payment card is essential for e-transactions. So it is vital for businesses to protect the security of payment card. MasterCard and Visa Card are two types of card that are widely used by most people for online transaction (Davis. & Bensmati, 2003).

  14. The economics of payment card fee structure: what drives payment card rewards?

    OpenAIRE

    Fumiko Hayashi

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates potential market forces that cause payment card rewards even when providing payment card rewards is not the most efficient. Three factors-oligopolistic merchants, output-maximizing card networks, and the merchant's inability to set different prices across payment methods-may potentially explain the prevalence of payment card rewards programs in the United States today. The paper also points out that competition among card networks may potentially make payment rewards t...

  15. Towards an open sound card

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dimitrov, Smilen; Serafin, Stefania

    2011-01-01

    The architecture of a sound card can, in simple terms, be described as an electronic board containing a digital bus interface hardware, and analog-to-digital (A/D) and digital-to-analog (D/A) converters; then, a soundcard driver software on a personal computer's (PC) operating system (OS) can con...

  16. Improving Institutional Report Card Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGowan, Veronica

    2016-01-01

    Institutional report cards are increasingly being used by higher educational institutions to present academic outcomes to external audiences of prospective students and parents, as well as program and institutional evaluators. While some prospective students are served by national transparency measures most users mine information from the…

  17. Evaluation of ductile-brittle transition temperature before and after neutron irradiation for RPV steels using small punch tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Min-Chul [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: mckim@kaeri.re.kr; Oh, Yong Jun [Hanbat National University, Deogmyeong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-719 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Bong Sang [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-08-01

    Small punch (SP) tests were performed to evaluate the ductile-brittle transition temperature before and after a neutron irradiation of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steels produced by different manufacturing (refining) processes. The results were compared to the standard transition temperature shifts from the conventional Charpy tests and the Master Curve fracture toughness tests in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard E1921. Small punch specimens were taken from a 1/4t location of the vessel thickness and machined into a 10 mm x 10 mm x 0.5 mm dimension. The specimens were irradiated in the research reactors at Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute Nuclear Research Institute in the Czech Republic at the different fluence levels of about 290 deg C. Small punch tests were performed in the temperature range of RT to -196 deg C using a 2.4 mm diameter ball. For the materials before and after irradiation, the small punch transition temperatures (T {sub SP}), which are determined at the middle of the upper small punch energies, showed a linear correlation with the Charpy index temperature, T {sub 41J}. T {sub SP} from the irradiated samples was increased with the fluence levels and was well within the deviation range of the unirradiated data. However, the transition temperature shift from the Charpy test ({delta}T {sub 41J}) shows a better correlation with the transition temperature shift ({delta}T {sub SP(E)}) when a specific small punch energy level rather than the middle energy level of the small punch curve is used to determine the transition temperature. T {sub SP} also had a correlation with the reference temperature (T {sub 0}) from the Master Curve method using a pre-cracked Charpy V-notched (PCVN) specimen.

  18. 冲床中心线定位装置%Centerline positioners of punching machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李大鹏; 周丽丽

    2012-01-01

    对比了以往电动机驱动左右旋丝杠对中形式和以气缸、同步带对中形式的优点和缺点,并采用伺服电动机驱动丝杠来适应变截面纵梁,提高设备的冲压精度.%Compared the advantages and weaknesses between double ballscren centring form driven by electric motor and centring form with cylinder and synchronous belt. Using the ballscrew driven by servo motor to adapt to vertical beam with changing cross-section, to improve the punching precision of the equipment.

  19. SIMPLE METHOD OF PUNCHING AND RE-LOCATING TISSUES FOR MANUAL CONSTRUCTION OF TISSUE MICROARRAY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Lin; ZHANG Fan; WANG Li; YAN Zhao-wen; JIANG Xu-cheng; Pierre-(E)tienne Bouchet

    2007-01-01

    A series of human tissue samples and cultured cell lines were formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded. Specimen cylinder ( 1.2 - 1.8mm) were punched by a modified bone marrow biopsy needle and arrayed on a recipient paraffin block. Microscopic analysis on the sections from this tissue microarray (TMA) block demonstrated that the spots of tissues and cells were well preserved, and the cultured cell samples were successfully embedded from 5 × 104 to 2 × 105 in number. These TMA sections were also suitable for immunohistochemistry and RNA in situ hybridization.

  20. NUMERICAL SIMULATION BY COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON STIRRED BIOREACTOR WITH PUNCHED IMPELLER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yu; HE Pingting; YE Hong; XIN Zhihong

    2007-01-01

    Instantaneous flow field and temperature field of the two-phase fluid are measured by particle image velocimetry (PIV) and steady state method during the state of onflow. A turbulent two-phase fluid model of stirred bioreactor with punched impeller is established by the computational fluid dynamics (CFD), using a rotating coordinate system and sliding mesh to describe the relative motion between impeller and baffles. The simulation and experiment results of flow and temperature field prove their warps are less than 10% and the mathematic model can well simulate the fields, which will also provide the study on optimized-design and scale-up of bioreactors with reference value.

  1. Backward can extrusion with conical,rotating punch as a cold forging tribology test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ceron, Ermanno; Bay, Niels; Tetsuo, A.;

    2011-01-01

    with an analysis of the sliding velocity distribution along the punch nose. The latter is determined by FE analysis of the test. Results show friction stress for unalloyed low C-steel provided with different types of lubricants, e.g. phosphate coating plus soap, phosphate coating plus MoS2 and single bathe...... lubrication with PULS. The new test is so severe, that it is possible to break down the best lubrication systems for cold forging, such as phosphate coating plus soap and MoS2....

  2. Strain gradient effects in periodic flat punch indenting at small scales

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kim Lau; Niordson, Christian Frithiof; Hutchinson, J. W.

    2014-01-01

    Experiments on soft polycrystalline aluminum have yielded evidence that, besides the required punch load, both the size and shape of imprinted features are affected by the scale of the set-up, e.g. substantial details are lost when the characteristic length is on the order of 10μm. The objective...... are employed. During a largely non-homogeneous deformation, the material is forced up in between the indenters so that an array of identical imprinted features is formed once the tool is retreated. It is confirmed that the additional hardening owing to plastic strain gradients severely affects both the size...

  3. Research on the Micro Sheet Stamping Process Using Plasticine as Soft Punch

    OpenAIRE

    Xiao Wang; Di Zhang; Chunxing Gu; Zongbao Shen; Huixia Liu

    2014-01-01

    Plasticine is widely used in the analysis of metal forming processes, due to its excellent material flow ability. In this study, plasticine is used as the soft punch to fabricate array micro-channels on metal sheet in the micro sheet stamping process. This is because plasticine can produce a large material flow after being subjected to force and through the material flow, the plasticine can cause the sheet to fill into the micro-channels of the rigid die, leading to the generation of micro-ch...

  4. Review of sound card photogates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gingl, Zoltan; Mingesz, Robert; Mellar, Janos [Department of Technical Informatics, University of Szeged, Arpad ter 2, 6720 Szeged (Hungary); Makra, Peter, E-mail: gingl@inf.u-szeged.hu [Department of Experimental Physics, University of Szeged, Dom ter 9, 6720 Szeged (Hungary)

    2011-07-15

    Photogates are probably the most commonly used electronic instruments to aid experiments in the field of mechanics. Although they are offered by many manufacturers, they can be too expensive to be widely used in all classrooms, in multiple experiments or even at home experimentation. Today all computers have a sound card - an interface for analogue signals. It is possible to make very simple yet highly accurate photogates for cents, while much more sophisticated solutions are also available at a still very low cost. In our paper we show several experimentally tested ways of implementing sound card photogates in detail, and we also provide full-featured, free, open-source photogate software as a much more efficient experimentation tool than the usually used sound recording programs. Further information is provided on a dedicated web page, www.noise.physx.u-szeged.hu/edudev.

  5. Punch List

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2008-01-01

    This article features university architect Ron McCoy and describes his work at the Arizona State University (ASU). McCoy, now on his fifth year of overseeing construction on all four Arizona State campuses, came to ASU 14 years ago as a professor and director of the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. He was thinking seriously about…

  6. Single card PC compatible computer

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, P K

    1994-01-01

    This report details the construction and assembly of a single Eurocard PC (AT) compatible computer. The card has a 80386SX processor, maths co-processor, floppy disk controller, IDE standard hard disk controller, two serial ports and a printer port. It is manufactured by DSP Design. The advantage of this design is that any type of interface can be designed and fitted to the computer. This report includes an interface for the Sonic Anemometer and the Magnavox MX4200 GPS navigation system....

  7. Chinese Green Cards Go Ahead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGHUA

    2005-01-01

    THE otherwise happy and fulfilling life of Canadian Louise Cadieux is marred by the nagging worry that she may not be able to get to her octogenarian mother in Canada at short notice, should the need arise.Louise is currently language consultant at the French Edition of China Today,and has lived and worked in China for 10 years. She explains, """"I hold an annually extendable Foreigners' Residential Card,

  8. Valutazione economica dello studio CARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona de Portu

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: cardiovascular diseases (CVD are the major component of premature mortality, generate disability and are a relevant source of cost. The growing incidence of CVD is associated with lifestyle and other modifiable risk factors. Prevention and preclinical detection of CVD reduce morbidity and mortality. Type 2 diabetes is associated with a substantially increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Objective: the aim of the study was to evaluate the health economic consequence of medical therapy with atorvastatin for primary prevention of major cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes in Italy. Materials and method: in order to reach our objective we drew clinical information from the CARDS study. This economic evaluation was carried out conducting a cost/effectiveness analysis from the perspective of National Health Service (NHS. The analysis was applied to a time horizon in conformity with the observational period adopted in the CARDS study (3.9 years. An incremental cost/effectiveness ratio (ICER was calculated and is expressed as cost per life years gained (LYG. In order to test the robustness of the results, a one-way sensitivity analysis was performed. Results: the total cost of atorvastatin therapy over 3.9 years amounts to around 1.5 million of euros per 1,000 patients. The total cost of adding atorvastatin to standard care in people treated for primary prevention of major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes as those involved in the CARDS study would entail an additional cost of about 1,2 million of euros per 1,000 patients treated per 3.9 years, with an incremental cost/effectiveness ratio (ICER equivalent to 36,566 euros per patient per LYG. Discussion: the current study is the first economic evaluation of CARDS study to the Italian situation. The results of the current study show that hypolipemic therapy with atorvastatin 10 mg in diabetic individuals is to be considered cost effective.

  9. Rh-flash acquisition card

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The rh-flash card main purpose is to convert and store the image of the analog data present at input into an output buffer, namely in a given timing window besides a stop signal (like a digital oscilloscope). It is conceived in VME format 1U wide with an additional connector. Novelty of this card is its ability to sample at a high frequency, due to flash coders, and this at a high repetition rate. To do that the card allows the storage of the data considered 'useful' and that is done by storing only the data exceeding a certain threshold. This can be useful for instance for viewing peaks in a spectrum, and obtaining their relative location. The goal is to stock and process the data sampled before and after the arrival of a stop signal (what entails a storage depth). A threshold is defined and any peak exceeding its level will really be stored in the output buffer which is readable through the VME bus. The peak values will be stored as well as m preceding and n subsequent values (both programmable). Obviously, if the threshold is zero the system of data processing is off and all data will be stored. The document is structured on six sections titled: 1. Description; 2. Specifications; 3. Explaining the design of channels; 4. Explaining the shared part of the design; 5. Addressing (→ user guide); 6. Software precautions. (author)

  10. Feocromocitoma cardíaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo L. Knop

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Los feocromocitomas cardíacos primarios (FCP son sumamente infrecuentes. Hasta el presente son menos de 50 los casos comunicados en el mundo. Presentamos el caso de un tumor intrapericárdico, que resultó ser un feocromocitoma primario, en una mujer de mediana edad, cuyo signo principal fue hipertensión arterial severa (HTAs. Los estudios diagnósticos por imágenes corroboraron la presencia de un tumor intrapericárdico como único hallazgo y los estudios bioquímicos de catecolaminas y sus metabolitos excretados por orina reafirmaron el diagnóstico etiológico. El tumor fue resecado quirúrgicamente sin complicaciones mediante cirugía cardíaca convencional con circulación extracorpórea (CEC y paro cardíaco con cardioplejía. Siete meses después de la operación, la paciente se encuentra asintomática y normotensa.

  11. Complementary Post Transcriptional Regulatory Information is Detected by PUNCH-P and Ribosome Profiling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zur, Hadas; Aviner, Ranen; Tuller, Tamir

    2016-01-01

    Two novel approaches were recently suggested for genome-wide identification of protein aspects synthesized at a given time. Ribo-Seq is based on sequencing all the ribosome protected mRNA fragments in a cell, while PUNCH-P is based on mass-spectrometric analysis of only newly synthesized proteins. Here we describe the first Ribo-Seq/PUNCH-P comparison via the analysis of mammalian cells during the cell-cycle for detecting relevant differentially expressed genes between G1 and M phase. Our analyses suggest that the two approaches significantly overlap with each other. However, we demonstrate that there are biologically meaningful proteins/genes that can be detected to be post-transcriptionally regulated during the mammalian cell cycle only by each of the approaches, or their consolidation. Such gene sets are enriched with proteins known to be related to intra-cellular signalling pathways such as central cell cycle processes, central gene expression regulation processes, processes related to chromosome segregation, DNA damage, and replication, that are post-transcriptionally regulated during the mammalian cell cycle. Moreover, we show that combining the approaches better predicts steady state changes in protein abundance. The results reported here support the conjecture that for gaining a full post-transcriptional regulation picture one should integrate the two approaches. PMID:26898226

  12. Treatment of a Refractory Skin Ulcer Using Punch Graft and Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Carducci

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Chronic ulceration of the lower legs is a relatively common condition amongst adults: one that causes pain and social distress and results in considerable healthcare and personal costs. The technique of punch grafting offers an alternative approach to the treatment of ulcers of the lower limbs. Objective. Combining platelet-rich plasma and skin graft enhances the efficacy of treating chronic diabetic wounds by enhancing healing rate and decreasing recurrence rate. Platelet-rich plasma could, by stimulating dermal regeneration, increase the take rate after skin grafting or speed up reepithelialization. Methods and Materials. The ulcer was prepared by removing fibrin with a curette and the edges of the ulcer were freshened. The platelet-rich plasma has been infiltrated on the bottom and edges of the ulcer. The punch grafts were placed in 5 mm holes arranged. The ulcer was medicated with hydrogel and a pressure dressing was removed after 8 days. Results. After a few days the patient did not report more pain. Granulation tissue appeared quickly between implants. Most of the grafts were viable in 2-3 weeks. The grafts gradually came together to close the ulcer and were completed in four months.

  13. Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor in punch biopsies from human colonic mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Nyström

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI is a wellknown protease inhibitor. Its function is thought to be protease/protease-inhibitor balance. Free proteolytic activity, mainly pancreatic elastase, anionic trypsin and granulocytic elastase, has been demonstrated in faecal extracts from patients with ulcerative colitis. We wanted to verify that SLPI is actually secreted from normal human colonic mucosa. Also, we wanted to ascertain whether studies of SLPI secretion based on punch biopsies were dependent on biopsy area or on biopsy circumference. Normal colonic mucosa was sampled during surgery for colonic cancer. A total of 36 samples from four patients were used. Mucosa preparation was carried out using a punch biopsy technique, and samples of 3, 4 and 6 mm diameter were used. All media contained SLPI at varying concentrations. When expressed in terms of the sample area, the secretion per millimetre-squared seemed to decrease with increasing area. When calculated as secretion per circumference, secretion seemed to be constant. In conclusion, SLPI was secreted from normal human colonic mucosa. The SLPI secretion seemed dependent on the circumference of the biopsy rather than on the area of the biopsy.

  14. Malignant conjunctival T cell lymphoma diagnosed by punch biopsy as a primary manifestation of systemic cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isola V

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Vincenzo Isola,1 Danilo Mazzacane,1 Noemi Defelice,1 Antonio D’Amico,1 Laura Dezza,2 Antonio Marti,3 Alfredo Pece,1,41Department of Ophthalmology, Melegnano Hospital, 2Oncology Service, 3Department of Radiology, 4Fondazione Retina 3000, Milan, ItalyAbstract: This report documents a case of T cell lymphoma manifesting only with a conjunctival mass. A 67-year-old man underwent a diagnostic punch biopsy, histopathological examination, and immunohistochemical study for a pink-yellow colored mass infiltrating the bulbar conjunctiva in the lower fornix of the eyelid. A biopsy specimen of the conjunctival mass was found histopathologically to be a malignant T cell lymphoma. Systemic involvement was diagnosed within four weeks after the initial diagnosis by computed tomography, showing evidence of extension at the level of the ethmoidal cells, optic nerve, periorbital tissue, and pancreas. T cell lymphoma of the conjunctiva as a primary manifestation of systemic cancer is an uncommon entity. Punch biopsy may be the first diagnostic pathway useful to initiate a search for systemic involvement of a malignant lymphoid tumor of T cell lineage.Keywords: conjunctiva, cancer, T cell lymphoma, biopsy

  15. Predicting punching acceleration from selected strength and power variables in elite karate athletes: a multiple regression analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loturco, Irineu; Artioli, Guilherme Giannini; Kobal, Ronaldo; Gil, Saulo; Franchini, Emerson

    2014-07-01

    This study investigated the relationship between punching acceleration and selected strength and power variables in 19 professional karate athletes from the Brazilian National Team (9 men and 10 women; age, 23 ± 3 years; height, 1.71 ± 0.09 m; and body mass [BM], 67.34 ± 13.44 kg). Punching acceleration was assessed under 4 different conditions in a randomized order: (a) fixed distance aiming to attain maximum speed (FS), (b) fixed distance aiming to attain maximum impact (FI), (c) self-selected distance aiming to attain maximum speed, and (d) self-selected distance aiming to attain maximum impact. The selected strength and power variables were as follows: maximal dynamic strength in bench press and squat-machine, squat and countermovement jump height, mean propulsive power in bench throw and jump squat, and mean propulsive velocity in jump squat with 40% of BM. Upper- and lower-body power and maximal dynamic strength variables were positively correlated to punch acceleration in all conditions. Multiple regression analysis also revealed predictive variables: relative mean propulsive power in squat jump (W·kg-1), and maximal dynamic strength 1 repetition maximum in both bench press and squat-machine exercises. An impact-oriented instruction and a self-selected distance to start the movement seem to be crucial to reach the highest acceleration during punching execution. This investigation, while demonstrating strong correlations between punching acceleration and strength-power variables, also provides important information for coaches, especially for designing better training strategies to improve punching speed.

  16. Discount medical cards: innovation or illusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kofman, Mila; Libster, Jennifer; Bangit, Eliza

    2005-03-01

    Discount medical cards have come under increasing scrutiny by regulators and law enforcement officials as a result of mounting consumer-reported problems. For their study, the authors tested five cards available in the Washington, D.C., metro area; interviewed card company representatives, state attorneys general insurance regulators, and insurance agents; and reviewed court and administrative actions. While some cards provide a measure of value, other cards were found to have serious drawbacks, including: high-pressure sales tactics; misleading or inaccurate promotion; exaggerated claims of savings; difficulty finding participating doctors; and providers who failed to give cardholders promised discounts. Some discount card companies are seeking to reform the market through a trade association and voluntary code of conduct. Still, legislative and regulatory interventions will be needed to protect consumers in an unregulated and growing market. PMID:15765567

  17. Classification and Comparison of Punching Methods%穿孔方法的分类与比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晋峰

    2013-01-01

    Based on production methods of seamless steel pipe, roller shape and quantity, the author classified punching meth-ods. Aiming at features, advantages, disadvantages and applications of various punching methods, the author compared main content.%  从无缝钢管的生产方式、轧辊的形状及轧辊数量对穿孔方法进行分类,针对各种穿孔方法的特点、优缺点及应用等方面作比较。

  18. Prepaid cards: vulnerable to money laundering?

    OpenAIRE

    Stanley J. Sienkiewicz

    2007-01-01

    This paper discusses the potential money laundering threat that prepaid cards face as they enter the mainstream of consumer payments. Over the past year, several government agencies have issued reports describing the threat to the U.S. financial system, including the use of prepaid cards by money launderers. Also, this paper incorporates the presentations made at a workshop hosted by the Payment Cards Center at which Patrice Motz, executive vice president, Premier Compliance Solutions, and Pa...

  19. Developing JAVA Card Application with RMI API

    Science.gov (United States)

    JunWu, Xu; JunLing, Liang

    This paper describes research in the use of the RMI to develop Java Card applications. the Java Card RMI (JCRMI), which is based on the J2SE RMI distributed-object model. In the RMI model a server application creates and makes accessible remote objects, and a client application obtains remote references to the server's remote objects, and then invokes remote methods on them. In JCRMI, the Java Card applet is the server, and the host application is the client.

  20. C-cards in Music Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    Music and Computer Science share a dual nature: theory and practice relate in complex ways, and seem to be equally central for learners; for this no standard teaching approach for children has yet emerged in either of these two areas. Computational cards is a tabletop game, where cards act...... of the card; if the action is to generate a sound, then the circuit will effectively became a music machine....

  1. The Market for Electronic Cash Cards

    OpenAIRE

    Shy, Oz; Tarkka , Juha

    1998-01-01

    We develop a theoretical framework aimed to model the pricing of electronic money (electronic cash cards) and the market domain in which it will be used. We first calculate the fee structures of electronic cash- and charge-card industries for the monopoly and competitive cases. We show that the different market structures do not affect the domain of electronic cash cards and the displacement of currency in daily transactions. We provide a welfare analysis to determine whether a market equilib...

  2. 26 CFR 301.6311-2 - Payment by credit card and debit card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... credit cards or debit cards approved by the Commissioner may be used for this purpose, only the types of... section 103(k) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1602(k)), including any credit card, charge card, or... Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1666), section 908 of the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C....

  3. [Validity of hypotheses about the father/mother interpretation of Rorschach cards: tested by using a card selecting method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukui, Yoshikazu; Miyake, Yoshiaki; Okazaki, Tsuyoshi; Moritsu, Makoto; Tohyama, Bin; Yamashita, Keiko; Okada, Shingo

    2011-08-01

    This study tests the validity of hypotheses about the interpretations of Rorschach father/mother cards by having subjects select the cards. The results showed that regardless of the subject's gender, Card IV is far more often selected as the father card. However Card VII is not more often chosen as the mother card, if anything, the Color Cards are usually selected. The result of a correspondence analysis suggest that a certain combination of father and mother cards is more often selected. When the frequency of card selection is applied to the cluster of cards obtained in the study of Fukui et al (2008), the mother card is predominantly selected from the feminine/maternity-cards cluster. However, the father card was selected equally often from three clusters, indicating variation of the father figure. The results indicate the predominance of Card IV as the father card, and also confirm the lack of individuality with Card VII. Therefore, Card IV fulfills prerequisites for the father card hypothesis, while Card VII does not meet the criteria. The results do not support the validity of the hypothesis about the mother card interpretation. PMID:21919302

  4. Smart Card Security; Technology and Adoption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamed Taherdoost

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Newly, smart card technology are being used in a number of ways around the world, on the otherhand, security has become significant in information technology, especially in those applicationinvolving data sharing and transactions through the internet. Furthermore, researches ininformation technology acceptance have identified the security as one of the factor that caninfluence on smart card adoption. This research is chiefly to study the security principals of smartcard and assess the security aspects’ affect on smart card technology adoption. In order toachieve this purpose, a survey was conducted among the 640 university students to measure theacceptance of smart card technology from security aspects.

  5. Long-term results of 2-mm punch grafting in patients with vitiligo vulgaris and segmental vitiligo : effect of disease activity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fongers, A.; Wolkerstorfer, A.; Nieuweboer-Krobotova, L.; Krawczyk, P.; Toth, G. G.; van der Veen, J. P. W.

    2009-01-01

    Background Punch grafting is a simple and frequently used technique for the treatment of stable vitiligo, resistant to medical therapy. However, studies reporting long-term results are exceptional. Objectives To evaluate the long-term results of 2-mm punch grafting in patients with vitiligo vulgaris

  6. Java Card: an analysis of the most successful smart card operating system to date

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, de Eduard; Hartel, Pieter; Peyret, Patrice; Cattaneo, Peter

    2005-01-01

    To explain why the Java Card operating system has become the most successful smart card operating system to date, we analyze the realized features of the current Java Card version, we argue it could be enhanced by adding a number of intended features and we discuss a set of complementary features th

  7. The "Negative" Credit Card Effect: Credit Cards as Spending-Limiting Stimuli in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lie, Celia; Hunt, Maree; Peters, Heather L.; Veliu, Bahrie; Harper, David

    2010-01-01

    The "credit card effect" describes a finding where greater value is given to consumer items if credit card logos are present. One explanation for the effect is that credit cards elicit spending behavior through associative learning. If this is true, social, economic and historical contexts should alter this effect. In Experiment 1, Year 1 New…

  8. 75 FR 70753 - Market Test Involving Greeting Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... included as a part of the greeting card packaging. The company producing the cards will add markings as... cards, convenience, and a cost effective product for customer. Id. Additionally, it asserts that...

  9. Characterisation of reactor steels in the brittle-ductile transition region using the small punch test; Charakterisierung von Reaktorstaehlen im sproed-duktilen Uebergangsbereich mit dem Small-Punch-Test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linse, T.; Kuna, M. [TU Bergakademie Freiberg (TUBAF), Inst. fuer Mechanik und Fluiddynamik (Germany); Schuhknecht, J.; Viehrig, H.W. [Forschungszentrum Dresden Rossendorf (FZD), Inst. fuer Sicherheitsforschung (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    Two ferritic reactor steels (A 533 B and A508) were investigated using the small punch test for different temperatures and irradiation states, with particular interest in the ductile-tensile transition region. The material characteristics obtained with the aid of neuronal nets were compared with the results of conventional tests. (orig.)

  10. Toronto Smog Summit Report Card

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 'report card' provides a summary of actions taken, and progress achieved by the federal government, the provincial government and the City of Toronto, respectively, in response to various previous commitments regarding air quality, sustainable transportation, climate and atmospheric research, investing in green infrastructure (federal government), environmental assessment regulations, transboundary air pollution, improved monitoring and reporting regulations. Ratings also cover efforts in imposing emissions caps on the electric industry, emissions reduction trading system, toll-free public air pollution hotline, regulation of ozone depleting substances (provincial government), public education campaign on smog reduction, energy efficiency initiatives, corporate smog alert response plan, and a number of other environmental issues (City of Toronto)

  11. Payment Card Rewards Programs and Consumer Payment Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Ching, Andrew; Hayashi, Fumiko

    2008-01-01

    Card payments have been growing very rapidly. To continue the growth, payment card networks keep adding new merchants and card issuers try to stimulate their existing customers’ card usage by providing rewards. This paper seeks to analyze the effects of payment card rewards programs on consumer payment choice, by using consumer survey data. Specifically, we examine whether credit/debit reward receivers use credit/debit cards relatively more often than other consumers, if so how much more ofte...

  12. Governance, Issuance Restrictions, And Competition In Payment Card Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Robert S. Pindyck

    2007-01-01

    I discuss the antitrust suit brought by the U.S. Department of Justice against Visa and MasterCard in 1998. Banks that issue Visa cards are free to also issue MasterCard cards, and vice versa, and many banks issue the cards of both networks. However, both Visa and MasterCard had rules prohibiting member banks from also issuing the cards of other networks, in particular American Express and Discover. In addition, most banks are members of both the Visa and MasterCard networks, so governance is...

  13. Improved reader for magnetically-encoded ID cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, T. T.

    1979-01-01

    Hybrid demodulator in electronic card reader for magnetically encoded identification cards, accommodates variations in insertion speeds, yet is simpler and less expensive than equivalent all-digital circuits.

  14. Effect of Chord Splice Joints on Force Distribution and Deformations in Trusses with Punched Metal Plate Fasteners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Peter

    2007-01-01

    The span of roof trusses with punched metal plate fasteners (nail plates) makes it often necessary to use splice joints in the top and bottom chords. In the finite element models used for design of the trusses these splice joints are normally assumed to be either rotationally stiff or pinned - th...

  15. REDUCED WOUND CONTRACTION AND SCAR FORMATION IN PUNCH BIOPSY WOUNDS - NATIVE COLLAGEN DERMAL SUBSTITUTES - A CLINICAL-STUDY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DEVRIES, HJC; ZEEGELAAR, JE; MIDDELKOOP, E; GIJSBERS, G; VANMARLE, J; WILDEVUUR, CHR; WESTERHOF, W

    1995-01-01

    In full-thickness skin wounds dermal regeneration usually fails, resulting in scar formation and wound contraction. We studied dermal regeneration by implantation of collagenous matrices in a human punch biopsy wound model. Matrices were made of native bovine collagen I fibres, and either hyaluronic

  16. A Simple Homemade Polarised Sunglasses Test Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamdad, Farzad

    2016-01-01

    In this article construction of a simple and inexpensive test card which can be used to demonstrate the polarisation ability of sunglasses is described. The card was fabricated simply by using a piece of polariser sheet with one to three layers of cellophane tape fixed on it.

  17. C-cards in Music Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    2005-01-01

    The paper proposes a new way of introducing music to classes of 8 to 10 years old pupils, by adopting a recent educational tool for teaching Computer Science. Our proposal builds in fact on computational cards (or c-cards), a playful and intuitive mind-tool, that has been applied to a variety...

  18. Augmenting C-cards with music actions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karl Kristoffer; Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    2006-01-01

    The paper proposes a new way of introducing music to classes of 8 to 10 years old pupils, by adopting a recent educational tool for teaching Computer Science. Our proposal builds in fact on computational cards (or c-cards), a playful and intuitive mind-tool, that has been applied to a variety...

  19. Point card compatible automatic vending machine for canned drink; Point card taio kan jido hanbaiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-10

    A point card compatible automatic vending machine for canned drinks is developed, which provides drink manufacturers with a powerful tool to acquire selling sites and attract consumers. Since the machine is equipped with a device to handle point cards, regular customers have increased and sales have picked up. A point card issuing device is also installed, and the new machine issues a point card whenever a customer wants. The drink manufacturers are evaluating high of the vending machine because it will contribute to the diffusion of the point card system and because a sales promotion campaign may be conducted through the vending machine for instance by exchanging a fully marked card with a giveaway on the spot. In the future, a bill validator (paper money identifier) will be integrated even with small size machines for the diffusion of point card compatible machines. (translated by NEDO)

  20. Wire Scanner Motion Control Card

    CERN Document Server

    Forde, S E

    2006-01-01

    Scientists require a certain beam quality produced by the accelerator rings at CERN. The discovery potential of LHC is given by the reachable luminosity at its interaction points. The luminosity is maximized by minimizing the beam size. Therefore an accurate beam size measurement is required for optimizing the luminosity. The wire scanner performs very accurate profile measurements, but as it can not be used at full intensity in the LHC ring, it is used for calibrating other profile monitors. As the current wire scanner system, which is used in the present CERN accelerators, has not been made for the required specification of the LHC, a new design of a wire scanner motion control card is part of the LHC wire scanner project. The main functions of this card are to control the wire scanner motion and to acquire the position of the wire. In case of further upgrades at a later stage, it is required to allow an easy update of the firmware, hence the programmable features of FPGAs will be used for this purpose. The...

  1. In Brief: Arctic Report Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2009-11-01

    The 2009 annual update of the Arctic Report Card, issued on 22 October, indicates that “warming of the Arctic continues to be widespread, and in some cases dramatic. Linkages between air, land, sea, and biology are evident.” The report, a collaborative effort of 71 national and international scientists initiated in 2006 by the Climate Program Office of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), highlights several concerns, including a change in large-scale wind patterns affected by the loss of summer sea ice; the replacement of multiyear sea ice by first-year sea ice; warmer and fresher water in the upper ocean linked to new ice-free areas; and the effects of the loss of sea ice on Arctic plant, animal, and fish species. “Climate change is happening faster in the Arctic than any other place on Earth-and with wide-ranging consequences,” said NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco. “This year“s Arctic Report Card underscores the urgency of reducing greenhouse gas pollution and adapting to climate changes already under way.”

  2. Manufacturing of the parts of superconducting niobium cavities by the hydropercussion punching technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete manufacturing cycle on the production of parts for superconducting single-cell cavity (half-cells, drift tubes and flanges) has been executed. Half-cells of the cavities were made by the method of hydropercussion punching which has a number of advantages in comparison with instrumental stamping technique. Experimentally for the first time the diagram of hydropercussion stamping of ultrapure niobium has been obtained and the key parameters of the process which provide the complete deep-drawing of workpiece have been defined: ultimate degree of extraction is 1.92 at the specific impact energy 0.42 MJ/m2. The deviations of half-cells dimensions do not exceed 0.1 mm from the nominals. All the necessary fixtures for all manufacturing steps have been produced. The parameters of machining of the parts of niobium cavities before the welding have been determined experimentally

  3. The small punch assessment of toughness losses in low alloy steels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bulloch, J.H. [ESB, Power Generation, Dublin (Ireland)

    1998-12-31

    The presentation deals at length with the relationship between the Small Punch, SP, test transition temperature Tsp, behaviour and those displayed by the conventional Charpy Fracture Appearance Transition Temperature, FATT, obtained from large test specimens. Essentially it was demonstrated that the total test temperature range trends could reasonably be described by a non-linear expression such as FATT varied inversely with the square of the Tsp. Finally when the Tsp against FATT trends were separated into different steel classes an encouraging picture emerged inasmuch that a reasonable amount of data exhibited good agreement with the predicted effects of grain size. Fractographic details were also discussed and strong effects of strain or loading rates were identified. (orig.) 19 refs.

  4. Punch stretching process monitoring using acoustic emission signal analysis. II - Application of frequency domain deconvolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Steven Y.; Dornfeld, David A.; Nickerson, Jackson A.

    1987-01-01

    The coloring effect on the acoustic emission signal due to the frequency response of the data acquisition/processing instrumentation may bias the interpretation of AE signal characteristics. In this paper, a frequency domain deconvolution technique, which involves the identification of the instrumentation transfer functions and multiplication of the AE signal spectrum by the inverse of these system functions, has been carried out. In this way, the change in AE signal characteristics can be better interpreted as the result of the change in only the states of the process. Punch stretching process was used as an example to demonstrate the application of the technique. Results showed that, through the deconvolution, the frequency characteristics of AE signals generated during the stretching became more distinctive and can be more effectively used as tools for process monitoring.

  5. High-temperature strength analysis of welded joint of RAFs by small punch test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Taichiro; Komazaki, Shin-ichi; Kohno, Yutaka; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Kohyama, Akira

    2009-04-01

    Type IV creep damage has recently been a worldwide issue for high Cr ferritic steels. The small punch (SP) creep test has been successfully applied to evaluate this damage of low alloy ferritic steel by the author's group. However, the heat affected zone (HAZ) of fusion reactor material welded by electron-beam (EB) welding is so thin that it is not easy to evaluate its mechanical properties by the conventional SP test. In this study, the SP test using a further miniaturized specimen was applied to the EB welded joint of reduced activation ferritic steel (RAFs), for evaluating high-temperature tensile properties of the HAZs. As the result, the σy and σB of the tempered HAZ at 873 K were estimated to be as low as 275-300 MPa and 325-340 MPa, respectively.

  6. An inverse method for determining flow stress by small punch testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An inverse method is presented to obtain material's flow properties by using small punch test. This procedure employs, as the objective function of inverse analysis, the balance of measured load-displacement response and calculated one during deformation. In order to guarantee convergence to global minimum, simulated annealing method was adopted to optimize the current objective function. In addition, artificial neural network was used to predict the load-displacement response under given material parameters which is the most time consuming and limits applications of global optimization methods to these kinds of problems. By implementing the simulated annealing for optimization along with calculating load-displacement curve by neural network, material parameters were identified irrespective of initial values within very short time for simulated test data. We also tested the present method for error-containing experimental data and showed that the flow properties of material were well predicted

  7. Finite-Element Modeling of Timber Joints with Punched Metal Plate Fasteners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Peter

    2006-01-01

    The focus of this paper is to describe the idea and the theory behind a finite-element model developed for analysis of timber trusses with punched metal plate fasteners (nail plates). The finite-element model includes the semirigid and nonlinear behavior of the joints (nonlinear nail and plate...... elements) and contact between timber beams, if any (bilinear contact elements). The timber beams have linear-elastic properties. The section forces needed for design of the joints are given directly by the finite-element model, since special elements are used to model the nail groups and the nail plate...... the behavior of the joints very well at lower load levels. At higher load levels the stiffness is overestimated due to development of cracks in the timber and the linear-elastic timber properties in the finite-element model....

  8. LOCAL CREEP EVALUATION OF P92 STEEL WELDMENT BY SMALL PUNCH CREEP TEST

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bumjoon Kim; Byeongsoo Lim

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this research is to evaluate the local creep damage of various microstruc tures such as coarse grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ),fine grained heat affected zone (FG HAZ),intercritical heat affected zone (ICHAZ) known as Type IV region,weld metal,and base metal of P92(9Cr-2W) steel weldment by small punch (SP) creep test at 600℃.Also,to determine the weakest local part of the weldment,the effect of microstructures on creep rupture behavior in the weldment of P92 steel was studied.From the experimental results,the FGHAZ and Type Ⅳ region turned out to be very weak local parts of P92 weldment.Especially,the TYPE Ⅳ region showed the greatest displacement rate and had the shortest rupture life with many creep cavities widely spreaded in most of the region.

  9. Punching shear capacity of reinforced concrete slabs with headed shear studs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoang, Linh Cao; Pop, Anamaria

    2015-01-01

    Punching shear in slabs is analogous to shear in beams. Despite this similarity, current design codes provide distinctly different methods for the design of shear reinforcement in the two situations. For example, the Eurocode method for beam shear design is founded on the theory of rigid plasticity....... To design shear reinforcement in slabs, on the other hand, the engineer must settle for an empirical equation. The aim of the study reported is to demonstrate that it is possible in a simple manner to design shear reinforcement in slabs based on the same rigid-plasticity foundation as for beam shear design....... For this purpose, an extension of the upper-bound crack sliding model is proposed. This involves analysis of sliding mechanisms in yield lines developed both within and outside the zone with shear reinforcement. Various types of headed shear studs were considered. The results obtained using the model were compared...

  10. Tissue Microarray Technology for Molecular Applications: Investigation of Cross-Contamination between Tissue Samples Obtained from the Same Punching Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Vassella

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tissue microarray (TMA technology allows rapid visualization of molecular markers by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. In addition, TMA instrumentation has the potential to assist in other applications: punches taken from donor blocks can be placed directly into tubes and used for nucleic acid analysis by PCR approaches. However, the question of possible cross-contamination between samples punched with the same device has frequently been raised but never addressed. Methods: Two experiments were performed. (1 A block from mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB positive tissue and a second from an uninfected patient were aligned side-by-side in an automated tissue microarrayer. Four 0.6 mm punches were cored from each sample and placed inside their corresponding tube. Between coring of each donor block, a mechanical cleaning step was performed by insertion of the puncher into a paraffin block. This sequence of coring and cleaning was repeated three times, alternating between positive and negative blocks. A fragment from the 6110 insertion sequence specific for mycobacterium tuberculosis was analyzed; (2 Four 0.6 mm punches were cored from three KRAS mutated colorectal cancer blocks, alternating with three different wild-type tissues using the same TMA instrument (sequence of coring: G12D, WT, G12V, WT, G13D and WT. Mechanical cleaning of the device between each donor block was made. Mutation analysis by pyrosequencing was carried out. This sequence of coring was repeated manually without any cleaning step between blocks. Results/Discussion: In both analyses, all alternating samples showed the expected result (samples 1, 3 and 5: positive or mutated, samples 2, 4 and 6: negative or wild-type. Similar results were obtained without cleaning step. These findings suggest that no cross-contamination of tissue samples occurs when donor blocks are punched using the same device, however a cleaning step is nonetheless recommended. Our

  11. WHAT INFLUENCE CREDIT CARD DEBTS IN YOUNG CONSUMERS IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Shah ALAM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines empirically antecedents of the credit card debts in young consumers in Malaysia. We examine whether easy access to credit card, credit card related knowledge, aggressive promotion by credit card industry, low minimum payment requirement and attitude towards credit cards influence credit card debts in the younger generation. Regression model was used to meet the objectives. These findings based on a sample of 240 young credit card holders, show that the factors that affect credit card debts are credit card related knowledge, aggressive promotion by credit card industry and low minimum payment requirements. These findings also provide insights for both bank management and policy-makers to improve the bank performance in terms of credit card debts.

  12. Reconstruction of large wounds using a combination of negative pressure wound therapy and punch grafting after excision of acral lentiginous melanoma on the foot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Jimyung; Kim, Jihee; Nam, Kyoung Ae; Zheng, Zhenlong; Oh, Byung Ho; Chung, Kee Yang

    2016-01-01

    Melanoma in darker-pigmented individuals often develops in an acral lentiginous fashion on the foot. After surgical removal of a tumor at this site, repair of the wound can be challenging. This is because there is an insufficient local skin pool and lack of mobility of the skin in this area. Moreover, functional aspects such as walking and weight bearing should be considered. We performed a combination treatment of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) and punch grafting on 15 patients, after wide excision of acral lentiginous melanomas on the foot, and compared these to 26 patients who underwent either secondary intention healing (SIH, n = 13) or NPWT (n = 13) alone. The punch grafting with NPWT group showed significantly shorter healing times than those of the other two groups. Evaluation of completely healed wounds using the Vancouver Burn Scar Assessment Scale revealed that the punch grafting group had mean values better, or comparable, to the SIH or NPWT group in four of the five scales (except pigmentation). As for complications, only one patient developed a wound infection after punch grafting. Further, by utilizing NPWT for fixation of punch grafts, it was possible to treat all subjects as outpatients after punch grafting. These results show that a combination treatment of NPWT and punch grafting is an excellent therapeutic option for post-wide excision wounds on the feet, with significantly shortened healing times and favorable cosmetic outcomes. PMID:26173565

  13. Relativistic Hydrodynamics on Graphic Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Gerhard, Jochen; Bleicher, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    We show how to accelerate relativistic hydrodynamics simulations using graphic cards (graphic processing units, GPUs). These improvements are of highest relevance e.g. to the field of high-energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC and LHC where (ideal and dissipative) relativistic hydrodynamics is used to calculate the evolution of hot and dense QCD matter. The results reported here are based on the Sharp And Smooth Transport Algorithm (SHASTA), which is employed in many hydrodynamical models and hybrid simulation packages, e.g. the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics model (UrQMD). We have redesigned the SHASTA using the OpenCL computing framework to work on accelerators like graphic processing units (GPUs) as well as on multi-core processors. With the redesign of the algorithm the hydrodynamic calculations have been accelerated by a factor 160 allowing for event-by-event calculations and better statistics in hybrid calculations.

  14. Insider protection: A report card

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Enhanced security measures against external threats (e.g., terrorists, criminals) have been implemented at most facilities that handle special nuclear material, classified information, or other assets critical to national security. Attention is now focusing on insider protection, and safeguards managers are attempting to provide balanced protection against insider and outsider threats. Potential insider threats include attempts by facility employees to steal special nuclear material (SNM), to cause a radiological hazard to the public, to sabotage critical facilities, or to steal property or classified information. This paper presents a report card on the status of insider protection at Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission-licensed facilities, with emphasis on SNM theft. The authors discuss the general trends in insider protection and the limitations of protection measures currently in use. They also discuss the most critical needs for improved procedures, technology, analytical tools, and education for safeguards personnel

  15. Card - Electronic Money. Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Rodica TIRLEA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This type of coin and appeared as a result of the needs for a proper management of the financial resources available in the market, but also to improve the payments system in our country. The card is an alternative to the conventional instruments of payment is a payment instrument with and without cash by means of which the holder disposes of the current account. It is a standardized, secure information and individualized, through which you can perform operations of cash withdrawal, payment for the goods or services purchased, payment obligations by the public administration authorities and funds transfers between accounts, other than those ordered and executed by financial institutions, carried out through the electronic payment instrument.

  16. 19 CFR 112.43 - Form of identification card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Form of identification card. 112.43 Section 112.43 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CARRIERS, CARTMEN, AND LIGHTERMEN Identification Cards § 112.43 Form of identification card. The identification card shall be issued...

  17. 76 FR 76475 - Employment Network (EN) Report Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... ADMINISTRATION Employment Network (EN) Report Card AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of..., and the general public on the draft revised EN Report Card. An EN is a private or public entity that... Security Income (SSI) recipients who are disabled. The EN Report Card is available at: EN Report Card...

  18. Student ID Cards: What You Should Know About Them

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Jonathan; McGuire, Agnes C.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses the usefulness of photo ID cards for school security purposes, library control, student activities, and bus transportation control. Examines ways in which card costs can be reduced and the pros and cons of producing the cards at the school or of letting the work out. Problems involving card abuse and student rights are also considered.…

  19. Improving the Security of CardSpace

    OpenAIRE

    Waleed A. Alrodhan; Mitchell, Chris J

    2009-01-01

    CardSpace (formerly known as InfoCard) is a digital identity management system that has recently been adopted by Microsoft. In this paper we identify two security shortcomings in CardSpace that could lead to a serious privacy violation. The first is its reliance on user judgements of the trustworthiness of service providers, and the second is its reliance on a single layer of authentication. We also propose a modification designed to address both flaws. The proposed approach is compatible wit...

  20. PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    Reminder The period of validity of CERN cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards. Relations with the Host States Service http://www.cern.ch/relations/ Tel. 72848

  1. SD card projects using the PIC microcontroller

    CERN Document Server

    Ibrahim, Dogan

    2010-01-01

    PIC Microcontrollers are a favorite in industry and with hobbyists. These microcontrollers are versatile, simple, and low cost making them perfect for many different applications. The 8-bit PIC is widely used in consumer electronic goods, office automation, and personal projects. Author, Dogan Ibrahim, author of several PIC books has now written a book using the PIC18 family of microcontrollers to create projects with SD cards. This book is ideal for those practicing engineers, advanced students, and PIC enthusiasts that want to incorporate SD Cards into their devices. SD cards are che

  2. Loyalty Card Promotional Activity in Budget Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Teng, Fei

    2010-01-01

    Loyalty card is one of the most commonly used promotional activities in business. Thus far, there are some research has been done on luxury hotel, but very few researches are on budget hotel. So, the purpose of the thesis is finding out the Swedish customers’ attitude and behavior towards budget hotel’s loyalty card; getting to know what factors influence Swedish customers’ response towards the loyalty card and budget hotels. In the thesis, the main research problem is “How do Swedish custome...

  3. Financial Fitness: Selecting a Credit Card

    OpenAIRE

    Gorham, Liz, PhD; Goetting, Marsha A., PhD

    1998-01-01

    Consumers who want to save interest charges on large loans, such as a home mortgage or auto loan, usually comparison shop for the "best deal." Comparison shopping for a credit card is also an excellent practice because terms and conditions of the account can make a difference in how much consumers pay for the privilege of borrowing. Consumers are often amazed at some of the "hidden" costs of some credit cards. With information in this fact sheet, Utahns can compare credit card terms they have...

  4. Thermal transfer structures coupling electronics card(s) to coolant-cooled structure(s)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, Milnes P; Graybill, David P; Iyengar, Madhusudan K; Kamath, Vinod; Kochuparambil, Bejoy J; Parida, Pritish R; Schmidt, Roger R

    2014-12-16

    Cooling apparatuses and coolant-cooled electronic systems are provided which include thermal transfer structures configured to engage with a spring force one or more electronics cards with docking of the electronics card(s) within a respective socket(s) of the electronic system. A thermal transfer structure of the cooling apparatus includes a thermal spreader having a first thermal conduction surface, and a thermally conductive spring assembly coupled to the conduction surface of the thermal spreader and positioned and configured to reside between and physically couple a first surface of an electronics card to the first surface of the thermal spreader with docking of the electronics card within a socket of the electronic system. The thermal transfer structure is, in one embodiment, metallurgically bonded to a coolant-cooled structure and facilitates transfer of heat from the electronics card to coolant flowing through the coolant-cooled structure.

  5. An analysis of a war-like card game

    CERN Document Server

    Alexeev, Boris

    2010-01-01

    In his book "Mathematical Mind-Benders", Peter Winkler poses the following open problem, originally due to the first author: "[In the game Peer Pressure,] two players are dealt some number of cards, initially face up, each card carrying a different integer. In each round, the players simultaneously play a card; the higher card is discarded and the lower card passed to the other player. The player who runs out of cards loses. As the number of cards dealt becomes larger, what is the limiting probability that one of the players will have a winning strategy?" We show that the answer to this question is zero, as Winkler suspected. Moreover, assume the cards are dealt so that one player receives r >= 1 cards for every one card of the other. Then if r phi, it is one.

  6. Evaluation of mechanical properties of structural materials by small punch test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small punch(SP) test method was applied to evaluate the mechanical properties of structural steels for nuclear power plant components. The yield strength of several nuclear structural steels was estimated based on the detailed examination of initial deformation characteristics during the SP test. In addition, the ductile-brittle transition temperature(DBTT) of heat-treated SA508 Cl. 3 nuclear pressure vessel steel was correlated with the temperature dependence of the SP characteristics. Finally, the SP test was performed on duplex stainless steel to estimate the extent of thermal aging embrittlement. Initial deformation behavior during small punch test was investigated using two SP specimen sizes, 10x10x0.5 mm3 and 10x10x0.25 mm3 by finite element analysis and by experiments with heat-treated SA508 Cl. 3 and 12Cr steel. The increase of specimen thickness resulted in a deviation from the initial linearity of the load-displacement curve at higher load. The deviation was attributed to different causes, namely loss of the constraint by the surrounding material and radial propagation of plastic bending deformation for 0.5 and 0.25mm specimens, respectively. The causes for the transition of deformation mode were identical irrespective of material strength and work-hardening rate in the range of yield strength about 400 to 900 MPa. Based on the invariance of the deformation mode, a distinct linear relationship between the load at the deviation from the linearity and the yield stress was predicted by finite element analysis and compared with the experimental results. The validity of using the SP test for the DBTT evaluation of SA508 Cl. 3 steel was investigated. It was clearly observed that the variation of load-displacement curves with temperature was accompanied by the change of fracture mode and appearance. The temperature dependence of the SP characteristics well described the toughness degradation which was made by heat treatment. The SP energy was selected to

  7. The Development and Application of Blowing-carding Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海涛

    2003-01-01

    This paper introduces the development,compositions and characteristics of the domestic and foreign blowing-carding technique,discusses the technology of blowing-carding machines and the structures and functions of the main machines,analyses the production experiments of three types of blowing-carding flow lines in detail,and puts forward the effective measures to control the main quality index of blowing-carding sliver and the trend of blowing-carding technique development.

  8. Pricing and welfare implications of payment card network competition

    OpenAIRE

    Fumiko Hayashi

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines how competition among payment card networks three-party scheme networks and four-party scheme networks affects pricing as well as the welfare of various parties. A competing network has an incentive to provide rewards to its card users. By providing more generous rewards than its rival networks, the network can increase its own card transactions because multihoming cardholders who hold multiple networks cards choose to use its card instead of using its rivals. Although a m...

  9. THE EVOLUTION OF THE INTELLIGENT CARDS AND THE ROMANIAN MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Pricopi; Alina Elena Oprescu

    2011-01-01

    This paper will try to describe the close relationship between the economic evolution and technology, especially how the technical aspects of debit/credit cards interact with the economical aspects. There are approached concepts related to smart card and especially the use of cards in different economic purposes. Since the introduction of the first cards there has been an accelerated growth of the use of smart cards. One of the essential growth factors has been the progress in the electronic ...

  10. FRENCH CARDS - NEW PROCEDURE FOR INITIAL APPLICATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division would like to remind members of personnel that they are obliged to submit an application form for a French card as soon as they have a permanent address in either Switzerland or in France and they are actually living there. Following the rationalization of our administrative procedures, as of October 1st, 2002, the initial application procedure for a French card will now be as follows: The member of personnel should complete an application form. If necessary, an application form must also be completed for family members. These forms must then be transferred via e-mail to the appropriate Divisional Administrative Officer (DAO) who will forward them to the Cards Service. In parallel, the member of personnel should submit the necessary supporting documents to the Cards Service. The application form (Word format only), the procedural details, the necessary supporting documents as well as the conditions of issue are available here.   Human Resources Division Tel. 74469

  11. SC2: Secure Communication over Smart Cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola; Lostal, Eduardo; Papini, Davide;

    2012-01-01

    The Security-by-Contract (S×C) framework has recently been proposed to support software evolution in open multi-application smart cards. The key idea lies in the notion of contract, a specification of the security behavior of an application that must be compliant with the security policy...... of the card hosting the application. In this paper we address a key issue to realize the S×C idea, namely the outsourcing of the contractpolicy matching service to a Trusted Third Party (TTP). In particular, we present the design and implementation of (SC)2 (Secure Communication over Smart Cards), a system...... securing the communication between a smart card and the TTP which provides the S×C matching service....

  12. EuCARD final project report

    CERN Document Server

    Koutchouk, J P

    2014-01-01

    After four years of activity, EuCARD has most of its objectives fulfilled, with some new objectives added and a few others on excellent tracks while requiring additional time. The management has been active in reinforcing the collaborative links between partners and projects, contributing to the preparation of FP7-EuCARD2, initiating FP7-HiLumi-LHC Design Study, to favour sustained collaborations beyond EuCARD. An out-of-contract network has been successfully launched on laser plasma acceleration, to combine forces between accelerator, laser and plasma communities. Communication and dissemination activities have led to two highlights: Accelerating News, an accelerator R&D newsletter initiated by EuCARD and now common to all FP7 accelerator projects (over 1000 subscribers) and a series of monographs on accelerator sciences that is progressively finding its public. The scientific networks have more than fulfilled their initial objectives: roadmaps are defined for neutrino facilities, submitted to the Europe...

  13. 论钢绳冲孔桩质量控制%On the Quality Control of Steel Sling Punching Pile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄云柱

    2013-01-01

      施工项目中,冲孔桩法是一种新型地基处理技术。该技术对加固处理不良地基、改善原天然土层的工程特性及提高地基承载力有着显著的作用。文章介绍了冲孔桩的技术特点、作用机理、施工要点及质量控制措施。%Punching pile method is a new type of foundation treatment technology in construction project, which play an im-portant role in reinforcing and handling the bad foundation, improving the engineering properties of natural soil, enhancing bearing capacity of foundation. The paper introduces the technical features, mechanism of action, key points of construction, the measures of quality control of punching pile.

  14. Use score card to boost quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-10-01

    Keeping a score card can identify problem areas and track improvements. When specific goals are reached, staff are given rewards such as thank-you letters, tokens, or pizza parties. Staff are kept informed about the results of the score card through bulletin board postings, staff meetings, and the hospital Intranet. Data are collected with manual entry by nursing staff, chart review by performance improvement, and a computerized program.

  15. Prototype ALICE front-end card

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    This circuit board is a prototype 48-channel front end digitizer card for the ALICE time projection chamber (TPC), which takes electrical signals from the wire sensors in the TPC and shapes the data before converting the analogue signal to digital data. A total of 4356 cards will be required to process the data from the ALICE TPC, the largest of this type of detector in the world.

  16. Research for the Smart Card of 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Cucinelli, B.

    2001-01-01

    In preparation for the activities to be launched under the 6th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP61), the European Commission’s Information Society Directorate-General organised a meeting to consult the industrial and academic research community on current and future RTD needs in the domain of smart card technology. Those attending this meeting, which was held in Brussels on 23 May 2001, all agreed that the European smart card industry...

  17. Modified connective tissue punch technique to increase the vestibular/buccal keratinized tissue on flapless implant surgery: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreasi Bassi, M; Andrisani, C; Lopez, M A; Gaudio, R M; Lombardo, L; Lauritano, D

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this article is to show a simple and predictable technique to enhance both the vestibular/buccal (V/B) gingival thickness (GT) and keratinized tissue width (KTW) improving the soft-tissue profile after flapless implant placement. The technique proposed was named Modified Connective Tissue Punch (MCTP). Fourteen patients (6 men and 8 women) aged between 35 and 69 years (mean value 48.07±13.023 years) were enrolled in this case series. Seventeen implant sites were submitted to flapless procedure. The connective punch (CP) was harvested with a motor-driven circular tissue punch and then a full-split dissection was executed, in order to create a deep pouch, beyond the mucogingival junction, on the V/B side. In this recipient site the CP was placed. The normal flapless surgical protocol was used; implants were inserted and covered with transgingival healing cap screws. GT and KTW were measured: both immediately before and after surgery; at the time of the prosthetic finalization (3-4months, respectively, for mandible and maxilla); 1 year post surgery follow-up. GT was measured at 1 mm, 2 mm and 5 mm on the V/B side, from the outline of the punch. Both KTW and GT at 1 and 2 mm can be effectively increased, while no significant effects for GT at 5 mm can be expected from this technique. Furthermore, the mean values of KTW and GT at 1 mm and 2 mm show significant increases at 3-4 months post-operative, while no further significant increments are shown at 1 year post-operative follow-up. The Authors recommend the use of the MCTP technique to reduce the number of aesthetic complications and soft tissue defects in flapless implant surgery. Longer follow-ups are needed to evaluate the stability of peri-implant tissues over time. PMID:27469545

  18. About the indentation of a rigid punch with concave base into half plane, taking into account the influence of filler in cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirjanyan H.A.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The contact problem of elasticity theory about the indentation of a rigid punch with concave base into elastic half plane is considered. It is supposed that the cavity between punch and boundary of half plane is filled with air or ideal incompressible liquid. The problem was solved by the method of a discrete singularities. The distribution of contact stresses, the pressure inside cavity and the length of contact area were obtained.

  19. On the correlation between minimum thickness and central deflection during small punch test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Pradeep; Chattopadhyay, J.; Dutta, B. K.

    2016-07-01

    Present paper deals with a detailed study on the correlation between minimum thickness (t/t0) and central deflection (δ/t0). Such data are obtained during the deformation of a small punch test of miniaturized specimen. Finite element studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of various parameters which are expected to influence this correlation. The parameters under consideration are material hardening, material yield stress, coefficient of friction and initial thickness of the specimen. It is shown that the correlation remains unaffected with respect to change in material parameters. Similarly, the coefficient of friction beyond 0.2 also does not affect the correlation. However, change in thickness has significant effect on the correlation. A modification has been suggested in the existing correlation to consider the influence of thickness change. The modified correlation is then used to calculate fracture toughness using the experimental results quoted in the literature. It is shown that the modified correlation improves the fracture toughness prediction considerably.

  20. Study of Hot Tearing During Steel Solidification Through Ingot Punching Test and Its Numerical Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshikawa, Takao; Bellet, Michel; Gandin, Charles-André; Yamamura, Hideaki; Bobadilla, Manuel

    2016-08-01

    Experimental and numerical studies of hot tearing formation in steel are reported. On the one hand, an ingot punching test is presented. It consists in the application of a deformation at the surface of a solidifying 450 kg steel ingot. The experimental parameters are the displacement of the pressing tool, together with its velocity, leading to variations of a global strain rate. On the other hand, three-dimensional finite element thermomechanical modeling of the test is used. The time evolution of the strain tensor serves to compute an index to evaluate the susceptibility to create hot tears. It is based on the integration of a hot tearing criterion (HTC) that compares the local accumulation of strain with the expression of a critical value proposed in the literature. The main variable of the criterion is the brittleness temperature range (BTR) that refers to the solidification interval during which strain accumulates and creates hot cracks or tears. Detailed comparison of the simulation results with the measurements reveals the importance of the BTR for the prediction as well as excellent capabilities of the HTC to predict the formation of hot tears.

  1. Radiation hardness of punch-through and FET biased silicon microstrip detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silicon microstrip detectors can be biased with polysilicon resistors or Field Effect Transistor (FET) biasing structures. Polysilicon resistors are radiation hard, but using the FET biasing principle reduces processing costs and can give better noise performance. A set of microstrip detectors has been manufactured with a standard radiation sensor process in order to assess the radiation hardness of punch-through and FET biasing. Eight different bias geometry designs were used in order to study the effects of bias gap lengths and strip end geometries on the detector characteristics. The test detectors were irradiated at several dose levels up to 75 kGy with a 60Co source. Initially the devices had very low oxide charge (3.1010 cm-2) and leakage current levels (60 pA per strip). The dynamic resistance was in the 1 GΩ range, which is higher than the values which can be achieved by conventional polysilicon resistors. Radiation exposure gave significant increases in the leakage current of the devices. This causes large reductions in the dynamic resistance, and detector performance will degrade. The degradation due to increased leakage current was present for all strip end geometries, and it could not be compensated by changing the gate voltage. (orig.)

  2. Research on the Micro Sheet Stamping Process Using Plasticine as Soft Punch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Wang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Plasticine is widely used in the analysis of metal forming processes, due to its excellent material flow ability. In this study, plasticine is used as the soft punch to fabricate array micro-channels on metal sheet in the micro sheet stamping process. This is because plasticine can produce a large material flow after being subjected to force and through the material flow, the plasticine can cause the sheet to fill into the micro-channels of the rigid die, leading to the generation of micro-channels in the sheet. The distribution of array micro-channels was investigated as well as the influence of load forces on the sheet deformations. It was found that the depth of micro-channels increases as the load force increases. When the load force reaches a certain level, a crack can be observed. The micro sheet stamping process was also investigated by the method of numerical simulation. The obtained experimental and numerical results for the stamping process showed that they were in good agreement. Additionally, from the simulation results, it can be seen that the corner region of the micro-channel-shape work piece has a risk to crack due to the existence of maximum von Mises stress and significant thinning.

  3. 压射头的激光表面硬化工艺%Surface laser hardening of punch head

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁荣; 常晓惠; 谢伟; 董凤丹

    2014-01-01

    Experiments of laser remelting and phase transformation hardening were carried out on punch head made of QT 600-3 nodular cast iron.The hardened layer microstructure and wear-resistance were investigated , and service life of the punch heads treated by different laser hardening process was compared .Result shows that a fine ledeburite on surface layer obtained by laser remelting has excellent wear -resistance, this makes the maximum service life of punch heads raise to 4.8 times.%对QT600-3球墨铸铁压射头表面分别进行激光相变硬化处理和激光熔凝处理,研究了两种激光强化工艺的硬化层组织和耐磨性,比较了这两种激光处理压射头的使用寿命。结果表明,经激光熔凝处理得到的表层细小莱氏体具有最好的耐磨性,使得压射头的使用寿命最高提高到4.8倍。

  4. Reconciling species-level vs plastic responses of evergreen leaf structure to light gradients: shade leaves punch above their weight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lusk, Christopher H; Onoda, Yusuke; Kooyman, Robert; Gutiérrez-Girón, Alba

    2010-04-01

    *When grown in a common light environment, the leaves of shade-tolerant evergreen trees have a larger leaf mass per unit area (LMA) than their light-demanding counterparts, associated with differences in lifespan. Yet plastic responses of LMA run counter to this pattern: shade leaves have smaller LMA than sun leaves, despite often living longer. *We measured LMA and cell wall content, and conducted punch and shear tests, on sun and shade leaves of 13 rainforest evergreens of differing shade tolerance, in order to understand adaptation vs plastic responses of leaf structure and biomechanics to shade. *Species shade tolerance and leaf mechanical properties correlated better with cell wall mass per unit area than with LMA. Growth light environment had less effect on leaf mechanics than on LMA: shade leaves had, on average, 40% lower LMA than sun leaves, but differences in work-to-shear, and especially force-to-punch, were smaller. This was associated with a slightly larger cell wall fraction in shade leaves. *The persistence of shade leaves might reflect unattractiveness to herbivores because they yield smaller benefits (cell contents per area) per unit fracture force than sun leaves. In forest trees, cell wall fraction and force-to-punch are more robust correlates of species light requirements than LMA.

  5. Universality of the diffusion wake from stopped and punch-through jets in heavy-ion collisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betz, Barbara; Noronha, Jorge; Torrieri, Giorgio; Gyulassy, Miklos; Mishustin, Igor; Rischke, Dirk H.

    2009-03-01

    We solve (3+1)-dimensional ideal hydrodynamical equations with source terms that describe punch-through and fully stopped jets to compare their final away-side angular correlations in a static medium. For fully stopped jets, the backreaction of the medium is described by a simple Bethe-Bloch-like model that leads to an explosive burst of energy and momentum (Bragg peak) close to the end of the jet's evolution through the medium. Surprisingly enough, we find that the medium's response and the corresponding away-side angular correlations are largely insensitive to whether the jet punches through or stops inside the medium. This result is also independent of whether momentum deposition is longitudinal (as generally occurs in pQCD energy loss models) or transverse (as the Bethe-Bloch formula implies). The existence of the diffusion wake is therefore shown to be universal to all scenarios where momentum as well as energy is deposited into the medium, which can readily be understood in ideal hydrodynamics through vorticity conservation. The particle yield coming from the strong forward moving diffusion wake that is formed in the wake of both punch-through and stopped jets largely overwhelms their weak Mach cone signal after freeze-out.

  6. FRENCH CARDS - NEW PROCEDURE FOR INITIAL APPLICATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division would like to remind members of personnel that they are obliged to submit an application form for a French card as soon as they have a permanent address in either Switzerland or in France and they are actually living there. Following the rationalization of our administrative procedures, as of October 1st, 2002, the initial application procedure for a French card will now be as follows: The member of personnel should complete an application form. If necessary, an application form must also be completed for family members. These forms must then be transferred via e-mail to the appropriate Divisional Administrative Officer (DAO) who will forward them to the Cards Service. In parallel, the member of personnel should submit the necessary supporting documents to the Cards Service. Users are requested to apply for a French card through the Users Office. The application form (Word format only), the procedural details, the necessary supporting documents as well as the conditions of issue a...

  7. A gigabit ethernet link source card.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blair, R. E.; Dawson, J. W.; Drake, G.; Haberichter, W. N.; Schlereth, J. L.

    2002-09-18

    A Link Source Card (LSC) has been developed which employs Gigabit Ethernet as the physical medium. The LSC is implemented as a mezzanine card compliant with the S-Link specifications, and is intended for use in development of the Region of Interest Building (ROIB) in the Level 2 Trigger of ATLAS. The LSC will be used to bring Region of Internet Fragments from Level 1 Trigger elements to the ROIB, and to transfer compiled Region of Interest Records to Supervisor Processors. The card uses the LSI 8101/8104 Media Access Controller (MAC) [1] and the Agilent HDMP-1636 Transceiver. An Altera 10K50A FPGA [2] is configured to provide several state machines which perform all the tasks on the card, such as formulating the Ethernet header, read/write registers in the MAC, etc. An on-card static RAM provides storage for 512K S-Link words, and a FIFO provides 4K buffering of input S-Link words. The LSC has been tested in a setup where it transfers data to a NIC in the PCI bus of a PC.

  8. A gigabit ethernet link source card

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Link Source Card (LSC) has been developed which employs Gigabit Ethernet as the physical medium. The LSC is implemented as a mezzanine card compliant with the S-Link specifications, and is intended for use in development of the Region of Interest Building (ROIB) in the Level 2 Trigger of ATLAS. The LSC will be used to bring Region of Internet Fragments from Level 1 Trigger elements to the ROIB, and to transfer compiled Region of Interest Records to Supervisor Processors. The card uses the LSI 8101/8104 Media Access Controller (MAC) [1] and the Agilent HDMP-1636 Transceiver. An Altera 10K50A FPGA [2] is configured to provide several state machines which perform all the tasks on the card, such as formulating the Ethernet header, read/write registers in the MAC, etc. An on-card static RAM provides storage for 512K S-Link words, and a FIFO provides 4K buffering of input S-Link words. The LSC has been tested in a setup where it transfers data to a NIC in the PCI bus of a PC

  9. Analyses of Transient and Tertiary Small Punch Creep Deformation of 316LN Stainless Steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesh Kumar, J.; Ganesan, V.; Laha, K.

    2016-09-01

    Creep deformation behavior of 316LN stainless steel (SS) under small punch creep (SPC) and uniaxial creep test has been assessed and compared at 923 K (650 °C). The transient and tertiary creep deformation behaviors have been analyzed according to the equation proposed for SPC deflection, δ = δ0 + δ_{{T}} \\cdot (1 - {{e}}^{ - κ \\cdot t} ) + dot{δ }_{{s}} t + δ3 {{e}}^{{[ {φ ( {t - t_{{r}} } )} ]}} on the basis of Dobes and Cadek equation for uniaxial creep strain. Trends in the variations of (i) rate of exhaustion of transient creep ( κ) with steady-state deflection rate ( dot{δ }_{{s}} ) (ii) ` κ' with time to attain steady-state deflection rate, and (iii) initial creep deflection rate with steady-state deflection rate implied that transient SPC deformation obeyed first-order reaction rate theory. The rate of exhaustion of transient creep ( r') values that were determined from uniaxial creep tests were correlated with those obtained from SPC tests. Master curves representing transient creep deformation in both SPC and uniaxial creep tests have been derived and their near coincidence brings unique equivalence between both the test techniques. The relationships between (i) rate of acceleration of tertiary creep ( φ) and steady-state deflection rate, (ii) ` φ' and time spent in tertiary stage, and (iii) final creep deflection rate and steady-state deflection rate revealed that first-order reaction rate theory governed SPC deformation throughout the tertiary region also. Interrelationship between the transient, secondary, and tertiary creep parameters indicated that the same mechanism prevailed throughout the SPC deformation.

  10. Binarizing Business Card Images for Mobile Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Das, Nibaran; Sarkar, Ram; Nasipuri, Mita; Kundu, Mahantapas

    2010-01-01

    Business card images are of multiple natures as these often contain graphics, pictures and texts of various fonts and sizes both in background and foreground. So, the conventional binarization techniques designed for document images can not be directly applied on mobile devices. In this paper, we have presented a fast binarization technique for camera captured business card images. A card image is split into small blocks. Some of these blocks are classified as part of the background based on intensity variance. Then the non-text regions are eliminated and the text ones are skew corrected and binarized using a simple yet adaptive technique. Experiment shows that the technique is fast, efficient and applicable for the mobile devices.

  11. Barber's Point, Oahu, Hawaii Drift Card Study 2002-2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Drift cards were be released from Barber's Point, Oahu, approximately once a month during the two year span to get an idea of the distribution of card drift under...

  12. RENEWAL OF CRIMINAL LAW AGAINST ABUSE OF CREDIT CARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Nugraha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The use of credit cards for payment in lieu of cash since the introduction of the first credit card ever more widely known and used by people.   On the early introduction of this credit card, the wearer is limited to certain circles. However, a few decades later the credit card industry primarily enter the end of the Decade of the 1970s, has penetrated almost throughout all parts of the world, including Indonesia.   A credit card is issued by most commonly used by the public and apply the current International consists of a range of brands, among others, a very popular one is Visa and Master Card are each issued by the credit card company international and Master Card International.In practice many found the works in banking that may be subject to sanctions as set forth in the book of the law of criminal law (Criminal Code.

  13. A lumbar disc surgery predictive score card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finneson, B E

    1978-06-01

    A lumbar disc surgery predictive score card or questionnaire has been developed to assess potential candidates for excision of a herniated lumbar disc who have not previously undergone lumbar spine surgery. It is not designed to encompass patients who are being considered for other types of lumbar spine surgery, such as decompressive laminectomy or fusion. In an effort to make the "score card" usable by almost all physicians who are involved in lumbar disc surgery, only studies which have broad acceptance and are generally employed are included. Studies which have less widespread use such as electromyogram, discogram, venogram, special psychologic studies (MMPI, pain drawings) have been purposely excluded.

  14. CRC-cards for Product Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvam, Lars; Riis, Jesper; Hansen, Benjamin Loer

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes the CRC (class, responsibility, collaboration) modelling process for building product models. A product model is normally represented in an IT system which contains data, information and knowledge on industrial products and their life cycle properties e.g. manufacturing...... software or programming the system. The CRC cards can be used to document the system through the entire life cycle (analysis, design, programming and maintenance). This article focuses on the application of CRC-cards in the analysis phase. The concepts and methods for modelling product knowledge have been...... tested in Danish industrial companies. The article presents a case study from Alfa Laval Separation....

  15. FBCT fast intensity measurement using TRIC cards

    CERN Document Server

    Allica, J C; Belohrad, D; Jensen, L; Lenardon, F; SØby, L

    2015-01-01

    At the CERN PS complex, precise fast intensity measurements are very important in order to optimize the transfer efficiencies between the different accelerators. Over the last two years a complete renovation has been ongoing, where the old electronics, based on analogue integrators, have been replaced by a fully digital system enclosed in a single VME based card. This new system called TRIC (Transformer Integration Card) is based on a 12 bit, 212 MS/s ADC and an FPGA for the signal processing. Also located on the same board one finds a 250 V/1.5 W DCDC converter used to generate precise calibration pulses.

  16. Catalog card production with a programmable terminal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McTigue, E; Robinson, M E; Saver, B; Schultz, C K

    1977-01-01

    Application of a programmable terminal and printer to the cataloging task of a small medical library is described. The application is independent of a computer; the terminal is used in "local" mode only. Full sets of catalog cards are produced, following a single typing of descriptive cataloging data and tracings. Books can be cataloged the same day they are received. Actual cost per book is just over a dollar, for equipment rental, card stock, and the cataloger's time at the console, after call number, tracings, and main entry for the book have been determined. PMID:831883

  17. Memory Forensics of a Java Card Dump

    OpenAIRE

    Lanet, Jean-Louis; Bouffard, Guillaume; Lamrani, Rokia; Chakra, Ranim; Mestiri, Afef; Monsif, Mohammed; Fandi, Abdellatif

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays several papers have shown the ability to dump the EEPROM area of several Java Cards leading to the disclosure of already loaded applet and data structure of the card. Such a reverse engineering process is costly and prone to errors. Currently there are no tools available to help the process. We propose here an approach to find in the raw data obtained after a dump, the area containing the code and the data. Then, once the code area has been identified, we propose to rebuilt the origi...

  18. Authoring of digital games via card games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2014-01-01

    Literature and previous studies show that creative play is easy to emerge when children interact with tangible, low-tech toys and games than with digital games. This paradoxical situation is linked to the long-standing problem of end-users (or players) authoring of digital contents and systems. We...... are to show how card games can represent digital games, how playful play can emerge in card games and digital games, and to begin defining a new way to express game behavior without the use of universal programming languages....

  19. Sample Development on Java Smart-Card Electronic Wallet Application

    OpenAIRE

    Toma Cristian

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, are highlighted concepts as: complete Java card application, life cycle of an applet, and a practical electronic wallet sample implemented in Java card technology. As a practical approach it would be interesting building applets for ID, Driving License, Health-Insurance smart cards, for encrypt and digitally sign documents, for E-Commerce and for accessing critical resources in government and military field. The end of this article it is presented a java card electronic wallet ...

  20. Sample Development on Java Smart-Card Electronic Wallet Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Cristian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, are highlighted concepts as: complete Java card application, life cycle of an applet, and a practical electronic wallet sample implemented in Java card technology. As a practical approach it would be interesting building applets for ID, Driving License, Health-Insurance smart cards, for encrypt and digitally sign documents, for E-Commerce and for accessing critical resources in government and military field. The end of this article it is presented a java card electronic wallet application.

  1. Modelling Smart Card Security Protocols in SystemC TLM

    OpenAIRE

    Bushager, Aisha; Zwolinski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Smart cards are an example of advanced chip technology. They allow information transfer between the card holder and the system over secure networks, but they contain sensitive data related to both the card holder and the system, that has to be kept private and confidential. The objective of this work is to create an executable model of a smart card system, including the security protocols and transactions, and to examine the strengths and determine the weaknesses by running tests on the model...

  2. Tensile properties of modified 9Cr-1Mo steel by shear punch testing and correlation with microstructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karthik, V., E-mail: karthik@igcar.gov.in [Metallurgy and Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu 603102 (India); Laha, K.; Parameswaran, P.; Chandravathi, K.S.; Kasiviswanathan, K.V.; Jayakumar, T.; Raj, Baldev [Metallurgy and Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu 603102 (India)

    2011-10-15

    Modified 9Cr-1Mo ferritic steel (P91) is subjected to a series of heat treatments consisting of soaking for 5 min at the selected temperatures in the range 973 K-1623 K (below Ac{sub 1} to above Ac{sub 4}) followed by oil quenching and tempering at 1033 K for 1 h to obtain different microstructural conditions. The tensile properties of the different microstructural conditions are evaluated from small volumes of material by shear punch test technique. A new methodology for evaluating yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and strain hardening exponent from shear punch test by using correlation equations without employing empirical constants is presented and validated. The changes in the tensile properties are related to the microstructural changes of the steel investigated by electron microscopic studies. The steel exhibits minimum strength and hardness when soaked between Ac{sub 1} and Ac{sub 3} (intercritical range) temperatures due to the replacement of original lath martensitic structure with subgrains. The finer martensitic microstructure produced in the steel after soaking at temperatures above Ac{sub 3} leads to a monotonic increase in hardness and strength with decreasing strain hardening exponent. For soaking temperatures above Ac{sub 4}, the hardness and strength of the steel increases marginally due to the formation of soft {delta} ferrite. - Highlights: > A methodology presented for computing tensile properties from shear punch test. > UTS and strain hardening estimated using extended analysis of blanking models. > The analysis methodology validated for different heat treated 9Cr-1Mo steel. > Changes in tensile properties of steel correlated with microstructures.

  3. Crib Card Use During Tests: Helpful or a Crutch?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funk, Steven C.; Dickson, K. Laurie

    2011-01-01

    The authors experimentally investigated the effect of crib cards on exam performance and student learning. Fifty-one students expected to use their prepared crib cards during an exam. However, they first completed an unexpected pretest without their crib card. Students performed significantly worse on the pretest than on identical questions when…

  4. 19 CFR 112.42 - Application for identification card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for identification card. 112.42 Section 112.42 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CARRIERS, CARTMEN, AND LIGHTERMEN Identification Cards § 112.42 Application for identification card. An application for...

  5. 8 CFR 1212.6 - Border crossing identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... October 1, 2002, the non-biometric border crossing card portion of the document is not valid after that... contained on the card matches the appropriate biometric characteristic of the alien. (ii) The bearer of a... combined B-1/B-2 visitor visa and non-biometric border crossing identification card or (a similar stamp...

  6. 22 CFR 50.9 - Card of identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Card of identity. 50.9 Section 50.9 Foreign... of United States Nationality of a Person Abroad § 50.9 Card of identity. When authorized by the Department, consular offices or designated nationality examiners may issue a card of identity for travel...

  7. CarD: a new RNA polymerase modulator in mycobacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stallings, Christina L; Glickman, Michael S

    2011-01-01

    Mycobacteria CarD is an essential RNAP binding protein that regulates many transcripts including rRNA. This article will review our present state of knowledge regarding CarD and compare the known functions of CarD with other RNAP binding proteins in E. coli, emphasizing how this information can guide future investigations.

  8. A Comparison of Card-sorting Analysis Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nawaz, Ather

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates how the choice of analysis method for card sorting studies affects the suggested information structure for websites. In the card sorting technique, a variety of methods are used to analyse the resulting data. The analysis of card sorting data helps user experience (UX...

  9. Task Shifting and Skin Punch for the Histologic Diagnosis of Kaposi's Sarcoma in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Public Health Solution to a Public Health Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laker-Oketta, Miriam O; Wenger, Megan; Semeere, Aggrey; Castelnuovo, Barbara; Kambugu, Andrew; Lukande, Robert; Asirwa, F Chite; Busakhala, Naftali; Buziba, Nathan; Diero, Lameck; Wools-Kaloustian, Kara; Strother, Robert Matthew; Bwana, Mwebesa; Muyindike, Winnie; Amerson, Erin; Mbidde, Edward; Maurer, Toby; Martin, Jeffrey

    2015-01-01

    Fueled by HIV, sub-Saharan Africa has the highest incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in the world. Despite this, KS diagnosis in the region is based mostly on clinical grounds. Where biopsy is available, it has traditionally been excisional and performed by surgeons, resulting in multiple appointments, follow-up visits for suture removal, and substantial costs. We hypothesized that a simpler approach - skin punch biopsy - would make histologic diagnosis more accessible. To address this, we provided training and equipment for skin punch biopsy of suspected KS to three HIV clinics in East Africa. The procedure consisted of local anesthesia followed by a disposable cylindrical punch blade to obtain specimens. Hemostasis is facilitated by Gelfoam®. Patients removed the dressing after 4 days. From 2007 to 2013, 2,799 biopsies were performed. Although originally targeted to be used by physicians, biopsies were performed predominantly by nurses (62%), followed by physicians (15%), clinical officers (12%) and technicians (11%). There were no reports of recurrent bleeding or infection. After minimal training and provision of inexpensive equipment (USD 3.06 per biopsy), HIV clinics in East Africa can integrate same-day skin punch biopsy for suspected KS. Task shifting from physician to non-physician greatly increases access. Skin punch biopsy should be part of any HIV clinic's essential procedures. This example of task shifting may also be applicable to the diagnosis of other cancers (e.g., breast) in resource-limited settings. PMID:25765812

  10. Application of small punch creep testing to a thermally sprayed CoNiCrAlY bond coat

    OpenAIRE

    H. Chen; Hyde, T. H.; Voisey, K.T.; McCartney, D.G.

    2013-01-01

    High velocity oxy-fuel thermal spraying was used to prepare free-standing CoNiCrAlY (Co–31.7% Ni–20.8% Cr–8.1% Al–0.5% Y (wt%)) bond coat alloy samples approximately 0.5 mm thick. Creep tests were conducted at 750 °C on these samples using a small punch (SP) creep test method. The samples were characterised before and after creep testing using scanning electron microscopy with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). EBSD revealed a two phase fcc γ-Ni and bcc B2 β-NiAl microstructure with gra...

  11. Criteria for initiation of delamination in quasi-static punch-shear tests of a carbon-fiber composite material.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chin, Eric Brian [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); English, Shawn Allen [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Briggs, Timothy [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-09-01

    V arious phenomenological delamination initiation criteria are analyzed in quasi - static punch - shear tests conducted on six different geometries. These six geometries are modeled and analyzed using elastic, large - deformation finite element analysis. Analysis output is post - processed to assess different delamination initiation criteria, and their applicability to each of the geometries. These criteria are compared to test results to assess whether or not they are appropriate based on what occurred in testing. Further, examinations of CT scans and ultrasonic images o f test specimens are conducted in the appendix to determine the sequence of failure in each test geometry.

  12. Universality of the Diffusion Wake from Stopped and Punch-Through Jets in Heavy-Ion Collisions

    OpenAIRE

    Betz, Barbara; Noronha, Jorge; Torrieri, Giorgio; Gyulassy, Miklos; Mishustin, Igor; Rischke, Dirk H.

    2008-01-01

    We solve (3+1)-dimensional ideal hydrodynamical equations with source terms that describe punch-through and fully stopped jets in order to compare their final away-side angular correlations in a static medium. For fully stopped jets, the backreaction of the medium is described by a simple Bethe-Bloch-like model which leads to an explosive burst of energy and momentum (Bragg peak) close to the end of the jet's evolution through the medium. Surprisingly enough, we find that the medium's respons...

  13. Highly sensitive photodetector based on ge double-barrier punch-through structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulkhaev O. A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, transmission and reception systems of optical signals are widely used. Receiving the optical signal in such systems is carried by photoreceiving modules based on a photodetector, which defines the quality of the received signal, the range and speed of the entire system. However, hitherto used p–i–n- and avalanche photodiodes do not fully meet the growing demands. The present work is devoted to investigate the photovoltaic characteristics of semiconductor thin base transistor structure based on germanium, which is superior the silicon counterparts by speed and gain. Investigated p+–n–p-structures were obtained by diffusion of antimony onto the substrate of p-type germanium to a depth of 1 micron and alloying of indium to the part of its surface which creates diffusion layer of ?+-type and with thickness of 0,5 microns. Experiments have shown that the reverse biasing of a single p+-n-emitter-base junction leads to a smooth increase in reverse current, at the same time when it is connected in series to forward biased collector p-n-junction there is a sharp increase in the current by voltage, giving properties of voltage surge suppressor. This behavior of the current-voltage characteristics can be explained by the punch-through effect when the space charge regions of the emitter junction and the space charge region of collector junction touch each other and the conditions are realized for double carrier injection into a fully depleted region of the transistor. At the same time giving small fixed voltages 0,1—0,15 V to the collector-base junction the output static characteristics can be received with an operating voltage of 3—3,5 V. A characteristic feature of the investigated transistor is that when the base region under illumination by integrated light intensity (50 and 3000 lux light current appears, whose magnitude with the increase of operating voltage (up to 1.7 V increases nonlinearly, resulting in increased

  14. MODERN METHODS OF DESIGN AND ARRANGEMENT OF RAMMING PILES IN PUNCHED HOLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZOTSENKO N. L.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement. Ramming piles in punched holes (RPPH differ of high degree of use of supporting capacity of base because of forming in it a compacted zone at the expense of displacement of soil in the volume rammer and compacted material of expansion. The method of their construction almost exclude excavation and formwork, reducing the consumption of concrete, metal, accelerates zero cycle compared to the foundations raised and excavation and immersion into the soil of precast elements. The expansion of the normative base, their design and construction should be for further implementation of of natural objects. The correctness of the geomechanical model of plane and spatial version of finite element method (FEM should be proved for the calculation of cooperative work of RPPH as part of grillages with base. The most effective kinds of equipment and technological schemes of construction of RPPH should be noticed. Conclusions. The paper presents the main regulations on the design and the arrangement RPPH, corresponding of construction norms of Ukraine. The results of experimental and theoretical studies conducted by the authors for over thirty years, and the experience of the use of these piles on the objects of civil engineering, industrial and agricultural construction made their base. The use of the elastoplastic model with the criterion of Mohr-Coulomb strength for designing of the system "grillage -RPPH- soil" was substantiated. The designing in plane and spatial problems of FEM is proved that in the distance between the axes of adjacent piles up to five diameters is a correct choice of a flat version and simplifying of calculating scheme to the conventional strip foundation. An improved. The method of calculating of RPPH as part of grillages ribbon, where as the width of the foundation was taken a diameter of the broadening of the pile, and the depth of its inception corresponds to the bottom of it. The supporting layer of base under the

  15. Effects of thermal fatigue on shear punch strength of tooth-colored restoratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melody, Fam Mei Shi; U-Jin, Yap Adrian; Natalie, Tan Wei Min; Elizabeth, Tay Wan Ling; Chien, Jessica Yeo Siu

    2016-01-01

    Aims: This study investigated the effect of thermal fatigue on the shear strength of a range of tooth-colored restorative materials including giomers, zirconia-reinforced glass ionomer cement (GIC), nano-particle resin-modified GIC, highly viscous GICs, and composite resin. Materials and Methods: Twenty specimens of each material were fabricated in standardized washers (17 mm outer diameter, 9 mm internal diameter, 1 mm thick). The specimens were cured, stored in 100% humidity at 37.5°C for 24 h, and randomly divided into two groups of 10. Group A specimens were nonthermocycled (NT) and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 168 h. Group B specimens were thermocycled (TC) for 10,000 cycles (168 h) with baths X, Y, and Z adjusted to 35°C, 15°C, and 45°C, respectively. Each cycle had dwell times of 28 s in X, and 2s in Y/Z in the order XYXZ. Specimens then underwent shear punch testing at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min with a 2 kN load cell. Statistical analysis of shear strength was done using t-test and two-way ANOVA/Scheffe's post hoc test at significance level P shear strength was material dependent. Except for the “sculptable” giomer (Beautifil II) and a highly viscous GIC (Fuji IX GP Fast), no significant differences in shear strength were generally observed between the NT and TC groups. For both groups, the composite resin (Filtek Z250XT) had the highest shear strength while the zirconia-reinforced (zirconomer) and a highly viscous GIC (Ketac Molar Quick) had the lowest. Conclusions: The effect of thermocycling on shear strength was material dependent. Thermal fatigue, however, did not significantly influence the shear strength of most materials assessed. The “sculptable” composite and giomer were significantly stronger than the other materials evaluated. Shear strength of the “flowable” injectable hybrid giomer was intermediate between the composite and GICs. PMID:27563182

  16. Artist Trading Cards: Connecting with Other Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovio, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    Creating and exchanging Artist Trading Cards (ATCs) has been a rapidly growing trend. These miniature works of art are fun to make--and even more fun to share. The intrigue of developing these handmade treasures begins with the intent of creating art simply for the love of art. In this article, the author describes how her students made their…

  17. Inexpensive Data Acquisition with a Sound Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Umer; Pervaiz, Saad; Anwar, Muhammad Sabieh

    2011-01-01

    Signal generators, oscilloscopes, and data acquisition (DAQ) systems are standard components of the modern experimental physics laboratory. The sound card, a built-in component in the ubiquitous personal computer, can be utilized for all three of these tasks and offers an attractive option for labs in developing countries such as…

  18. Melting Metal on a Playing Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Many of us are familiar with the demonstration of boiling water in a paper cup held over a candle or a Bunsen burner; the ignition temperature of paper is above the temperature of 100°C at which water boils under standard conditions. A more dramatic demonstration is melting tin held in a playing card. This illustration is from Tissandier's book on…

  19. Looking at Debit and Credit Card Fraud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porkess, Roger; Mason, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This article, written jointly by a mathematician and a barrister, looks at some of the statistical issues raised by court cases based on fraud involving chip and PIN cards. It provides examples and insights that statistics teachers should find helpful. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)

  20. Christmas Card Arrives 93 Years Late

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马加芬

    2008-01-01

    A postcard featuring a color drawing of Santa Claus and a young girl was mailed in 1914, but its jour- ney was slower than Christmas. It just arrived in northwest Kansas. The Christmas card was dated Dec. 23, 1914, and mailed to Ethel Martin of Oberlin, apparently from her cousins in Alma, Neb.

  1. One ID Card for the Entire Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridenour, David P.; Ferguson, Linda M.

    1986-01-01

    The implementation by Indiana State University of a machine-readable photo ID system for their food services prompted an investigation into the available alternatives and requirements for a more efficient all-University ID card system. The new ID system is described. (AUTHOR/MLW)

  2. Integration through a Card-Sort Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Kris; Ricca, Bernard P.

    2015-01-01

    Learning to compute integrals via the various techniques of integration (e.g., integration by parts, partial fractions, etc.) is difficult for many students. Here, we look at how students in a college level Calculus II course develop the ability to categorize integrals and the difficulties they encounter using a card sort-resort activity. Analysis…

  3. Optical security features for plastic card documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossick Schott, Joachim

    1998-04-01

    Print-on-demand is currently a major trend in the production of paper based documents. This fully digital production philosophy will likely have ramifications also for the secure identification document market. Here, plastic cards increasingly replace traditionally paper based security sensitive documents such as drivers licenses and passports. The information content of plastic cards can be made highly secure by using chip cards. However, printed and other optical security features will continue to play an important role, both for machine readable and visual inspection. Therefore, on-demand high resolution print technologies, laser engraving, luminescent pigments and laminated features such as holograms, kinegrams or phase gratings will have to be considered for the production of secure identification documents. Very important are also basic optical, surface and material durability properties of the laminates as well as the strength and nature of the adhesion between the layers. This presentation will address some of the specific problems encountered when optical security features such as high resolution printing and laser engraving are to be integrated in the on-demand production of secure plastic card identification documents.

  4. Insuficiencia cardíaca y diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Thierer

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La prevalencia de la insuficiencia cardíaca y la diabetes continúa creciendo. Ambas están fuertemente asociadas. La diabetes es un fuerte predictor de aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca. Las razones son la presencia de enfermedad coronaria y los trastornos metabólicos vinculados con la resistencia a la insulina que generan disfunción contráctil. Los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca que son diabéticos tienen peor evolución. Los Betabloqueantes, vasodilatadores y los inhibidores de la enzima convertidora ejercen una influencia favorable, en tanto que el uso de glitazonas todavía es controversial. La insuficiencia cardíaca puede a su vez generar diabetes, debido a la activación del sistema nervioso simpático y al efecto del tratamiento. La comprensión adecuada de estos hechos es fundamental para tomar decisiones correctas y mejorar la suerte de los pacientes.

  5. Studies on Punching Shear Resistance of Two Way Slab Specimens with Partial Replacement of Cement by GGBS with Different Edge Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemani, Ravi Dakshina Murthy; Rao, M. V. S.; Grandhe, Veera Venkata Satya Naranyana

    2016-09-01

    The present work is an effort to quantify the punching shear load resistance effect on two way simply supported slab specimens with replacement of cement by Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS) with different edge conditions at various replacement levels and evaluate its efficiency. GGBS replacement has emerged as a major alternative to conventional concrete and has rapidly drawn the concrete industry attention due to its cement savings, cost savings, environmental and socio-economic benefits. The two way slab specimens were subjected to punching shear load by in house fabricated apparatus. The slab specimens were cast using M30 grade concrete with HYSD bars. The cement was partially replaced with GGBS at different percentages i.e., 0 to 30 % at regular intervals of 10 %. The test results indicate that the two way slab specimens with partial replacement of cement by GGBS exhibit high resistance against punching shear when compared with conventional concretes slab specimens.

  6. Universality of the Diffusion Wake from Stopped and Punch-Through Jets in Heavy-Ion Collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Betz, Barbara; Torrieri, Giorgio; Gyulassy, Miklos; Mishustin, Igor; Rischke, Dirk H

    2008-01-01

    We solve (3+1)--dimensional ideal hydrodynamical equations with source terms that describe punch-through and fully stopped jets in order to compare their final away-side angular correlations in a static medium. For fully stopped jets, the backreaction of the medium is described by a simple Bethe--Bloch-like model which leads to an explosive burst of energy and momentum (Bragg peak) close to the end of the jet's evolution through the medium. Surprisingly enough, we find that the medium's response and the corresponding away-side angular correlations are largely insensitive to whether the jet punches through or stops inside the medium. This result is also independent of whether momentum deposition is longitudinal (as generally occurs in pQCD energy loss models) or transverse (as the Bethe--Bloch formula implies). The existence of the diffusion wake is therefore shown to be universal to all scenarios where momentum as well as energy is deposited into the medium, which can readily be understood in ideal hydrodynam...

  7. A new approach to use rice husk and different types of opener in punch planting of common bean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nader Dehkordi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to improve planting common bean in different soils. Punch planting method was used and the effect of different openers and rice husk mulch as a new idea in punch planting was tested. A factorial experiment in Completely randomized design was implemented in the farm of Shahrekord University. Shahrekord has a temperate and cold region with dry and warm summer. Common bean was planted to test the seedbed shape (bar, conical and grooved, sowing depth (6 and 9 cm and the seedbed mulching (with husk and without it. The percentage of emerged plants at the time of dividing in two leaves, average height of bushes in flowering and average leaf number of each bush in flowering, the rate of height growth and the number of leaves over day and night (appropriate time of measurement from budding to flowering was considered were measured. The grooved shape and seed coverage using rice husk mulch are recommended. There were no significant differences in depth factor.

  8. Experimental studies on the punch shear characterization of satin weave graphite/epoxy composites at room and elevated temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In many situations, composite structures are subjected to dynamic loading. To design such structures, there is a need of dynamic material properties. In the current investigation, a compression split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) was modified to load the samples in punch shear mode. Experimental studies were conducted to characterize 24-layer satin weave graphite/epoxy laminate samples. Laminates were manufactured using vacuum assisted resin infusion molding (VARIM) process. Samples of nominal size 26 mmx13 mmx4 mm were subjected to dynamic punch shear test at three different pressure settings that yielded strain rates in the range of 1500-3500 s-1 at room and elevated temperatures of 51.7, 79.4 and 107.2 deg. C. Dynamic shear stress-strain properties were evaluated. Failure modes were characterized through optical and scanning electron microscopy. Results of the tests indicate that the dynamic shear strength increases with increase with the strain rate and decreases with temperature for a given strain rate. Higher temperature causes the softening of matrix

  9. Experimental studies on the punch shear characterization of satin weave graphite/epoxy composites at room and elevated temperatures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosur, M.V.; Islam, S.M. Waliul; Vaidya, U.K.; Dutta, P.K.; Jeelani, S

    2004-03-15

    In many situations, composite structures are subjected to dynamic loading. To design such structures, there is a need of dynamic material properties. In the current investigation, a compression split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) was modified to load the samples in punch shear mode. Experimental studies were conducted to characterize 24-layer satin weave graphite/epoxy laminate samples. Laminates were manufactured using vacuum assisted resin infusion molding (VARIM) process. Samples of nominal size 26 mmx13 mmx4 mm were subjected to dynamic punch shear test at three different pressure settings that yielded strain rates in the range of 1500-3500 s{sup -1} at room and elevated temperatures of 51.7, 79.4 and 107.2 deg. C. Dynamic shear stress-strain properties were evaluated. Failure modes were characterized through optical and scanning electron microscopy. Results of the tests indicate that the dynamic shear strength increases with increase with the strain rate and decreases with temperature for a given strain rate. Higher temperature causes the softening of matrix.

  10. Business Card Recognition System Based on Digital Image Processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Xue

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Computer automatic understanding of document images becomes an increasingly hot issue in digital image processing and pattern recognition field, in which business card recognition system is a hot topic. The paper develops business card recognition software with good application prospects. It mainly has the functions including image acquisition, pretreatment, card recognition and extraction, business card tilt correction, positive and negative matching of business card, business card storage and retrieval. The paper proposes two new algorithms, one is to use digital image region labeling and automation for realizing automatic recognition and extraction of single business card, the other is to use pixel area interpolation method for tilt correction. The results prove that the two algorithms have wider applicability. They not only can use digital image region labeling and automation for form recognition, but also can use pixel area interpolation method for circumvolving in any angle.

  11. RISK MANAGEMENT AND PREVENTION OF FRAUD IN CARD TRANSACTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CODRUTA DANIELA PAVEL

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Credit institutions issuing and accepting cards have responsibility for identifying, evaluating and mitigation fraud and activities with potentially risk. Risk management is necessary to avoid losses that may occur both directly through fraud and indirectly through loss of customer confidence regarding safety card operations. The risk management in cards activities aims to identifying those events which by their appearance would produce adverse effects on the activity, possible generating financial loss and find solutions to avoid them and reduce their effect.Credit card fraud refers to any situation where a person deliberately uses: card obtained through illegal methods, a counterfeit card, a valid card code, in order to obtain cash, goods or undue services.

  12. Enhancing Privacy for Biometric Identification Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Balanoiu, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Most developed countries have started the implementation of biometric electronic identification cards, especially passports. The European Union and the United States of America struggle to introduce and standardize these electronic documents. Due to the personal nature of the biometric elements used for the generation of these cards, privacy issues were raised on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, leading to civilian protests and concerns. The lack of transparency from the public authorities responsible with the implementation of such identification systems, and the poor technological approaches chosen by these authorities, are the main reasons for the negative popularity of the new identification methods. The following article shows an approach that provides all the benefits of modern technological advances in the fields of biometrics and cryptography, without sacrificing the privacy of those that will be the beneficiaries of the new system.

  13. Calling Card Analysis in Budding Yeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayhew, David; Mitra, Robi D

    2016-02-01

    Calling card analysis is a high-throughput method for identifying the genomic binding sites of multiple transcription factors in a single experiment in budding yeast. By tagging a DNA-binding protein with a targeting domain that directs the insertion of the Ty5 retrotransposon, the genomic binding sites for that transcription factor are marked. The transposition locations are then identified en masse by Illumina sequencing. The calling card protocol allows for simultaneous analysis of multiple transcription factors. By cloning barcodes into the Ty5 transposon, it is possible to pair a unique barcode with every transcription factor in the experiment. The method presented here uses expression of transcription factors from their native loci; however, it can also be altered to measure binding sites of transcription factors overexpressed from a plasmid. PMID:26832687

  14. The topology of card transaction money flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanin, Massimiliano; Papo, David; Romance, Miguel; Criado, Regino; Moral, Santiago

    2016-11-01

    Money flow models are essential tools to understand different economical phenomena, like saving propensities and wealth distributions. In spite of their importance, most of them are based on synthetic transaction networks with simple topologies, e.g. random or scale-free ones, as the characterisation of real networks is made difficult by the confidentiality and sensitivity of money transaction data. Here, we present an analysis of the topology created by real credit card transactions from one of the biggest world banks, and show how different distributions, e.g. number of transactions per card or amount, have nontrivial characteristics. We further describe a stochastic model to create transactions data sets, feeding from the obtained distributions, which will allow researchers to create more realistic money flow models.

  15. Enhancing Privacy for Biometric Identification Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Most developed countries have started the implementation of biometric electronic identification cards, especially passports. The European Union and the United States of America struggle to introduce and standardize these electronic documents. Due to the personal nature of the biometric elements used for the generation of these cards, privacy issues were raised on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, leading to civilian protests and concerns. The lack of transparency from the public authorities responsible with the implementation of such identification systems, and the poor technological approaches chosen by these authorities, are the main reasons for the negative popularity of the new identification methods. The following article shows an approach that provides all the benefits of modern technological advances in the fields of biometrics and cryptography, without sacrificing the privacy of those that will be the beneficiaries of the new system

  16. SISTEM PENCATATAN KEHADIRAN BERBASIS JAVA CARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidya Octarina

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research are to prevent jockey in exams, reduce the occurrence of error in attendance record at practicum or exams, and reduce error in filling students' attendance status to the attendance system. Three main parts of software development method are used; analysis, design, and literature method. Current system survey, analysis of the survey findings, identify the information, and identifying system requirements are implemented in analysis method. The design method that is used in this research is Unified Modeling Language (UML. The using of attendance recording system that uses Java Card-based application makes students identity card has a new function as the tool to make attendance. Conclusion of the research has shown that it can prevent identity fraud, minimize the time wasted in attendance system, reduce the printing paper, and reduce tagging errors eligibility status exam of students.

  17. Dual Resolution Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Dual Resolution Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 30 is being distributed for use in development and testing of fingerprint compression and fingerprint matching systems. The database allows the user to develop and evaluate data compression algorithms for fingerprint images scanned at both 19.7 ppmm (500 dpi) and 39.4 ppmm (1000 dpi). The data consist of 36 ten-print paired cards with both the rolled and plain images scanned at 19.7 and 39.4 pixels per mm. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  18. Sarcoidosis cardíaca: trasplante cardíaco y recidiva de la enfermedad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César A. Belziti

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENLa sarcoidosis cardíaca es una enfermedad granulomatosa multisistémica de causa desconocida.El compromiso aislado del corazón es poco frecuente y el pronóstico se correlacionacon el grado de afectación de este órgano. El tratamiento inmunosupresor y el trasplantecardíaco han demostrado que prolongan la sobrevida; no obstante, existen comunicacionesde recidiva de la enfermedad en el órgano implantado. En esta presentación se describe uncaso de recidiva de sarcoidosis cardíaca en un paciente con miocardiopatía dilatada coninsuficiencia cardíaca avanzada, sometido a un trasplante cardíaco y en quien el diagnósticode sarcoidosis cardíaca se estableció por el estudio anatomopatológico del corazón explantado.La evolución clínica fue favorable a pesar de la recidiva de la sarcoidosis en el órgano implantado.REV ARGENT CARDIOL 2010;78:358-360.

  19. The topology of card transaction money flows

    OpenAIRE

    Zanin, Massimiliano; Papo, David; Romance, Miguel; Criado, Regino; Moral, Santiago

    2016-01-01

    Money flow models are essential tools to understand different economical phenomena, like saving propensities and wealth distributions. In spite of their importance, most of them are based on synthetic transaction networks with simple topologies, e.g. random or scale-free ones, as the characterisation of real networks is made difficult by the confidentiality and sensitivity of money transaction data. Here we present an analysis of the topology created by real credit card transactions from one ...

  20. THE CARD - CURRENCY WITH AND WITHOUT CASH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoara Mihaela

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Use by individuals and businesses resulting in reduced cash cards in circulation, the corresponding increase in transfer payments and payments accounts also limit exchange risks and make effective use of currency. As a result, we have the effect of reducing cash in circulation. These advantages are also available for businesses and for banks and leads to favorable effects on import-export business. Following this, banks can diversify our products, so to meet customers' new products.

  1. MCNP6 Fission Multiplicity with FMULT Card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilcox, Trevor [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fensin, Michael Lorne [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hendricks, John S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; James, Michael R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McKinney, Gregg W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18

    With the merger of MCNPX and MCNP5 into MCNP6, MCNP6 now provides all the capabilities of both codes allowing the user to access all the fission multiplicity data sets. Detailed in this paper is: (1) the new FMULT card capabilities for accessing these different data sets; (2) benchmark calculations, as compared to experiment, detailing the results of selecting these separate data sets for thermal neutron induced fission on U-235.

  2. Repeated extraction of DNA from FTA cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Ferrero, Laura; Børsting, Claus;

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of DNA using magnetic bead based techniques on automated DNA extraction instruments provides a fast, reliable and reproducible method for DNA extraction from various matrices. However, the yield of extracted DNA from FTA-cards is typically low. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible...... to repeatedly extract DNA from the processed FTA-disk. The method increases the yield from the nanogram range to the microgram range....

  3. Towards a general purpose identity card

    OpenAIRE

    Vossaert, Jan; Verhaeghe, Pieter; Decker, Bart; Naessens, Vincent

    2010-01-01

    Many countries are currently designing or even rolling out electronic identity cards. Simultaneously, eID applications are developed. In many cases, the eID technology is initially integrated in governmental applications. Thereafter, the technology is adopted by other domains (i.e. the financial sector, eHealth services, social networking, corporate environments, .). However, security, privacy, performance and/or scalability restrictions in current eID architectures may constrain the enormous...

  4. Credit card securitization and regulatory arbitrage

    OpenAIRE

    Charles W. Calomiris; Joseph R. Mason

    2003-01-01

    This paper explores the motivations and desirability of off-balance-sheet financing of credit card receivables by banks. We explore three related issues: the degree to which securitizations result in the transfer of risk out of the originating bank, the extent to which securitization permits banks to economize on capital by avoiding regulatory minimum capital requirements, and whether banks' avoidance of minimum capital regulation through securitization with implicit recourse has been undesir...

  5. Repeated extraction of DNA from FTA cards

    OpenAIRE

    Stangegaard, Michael; Ferrero, Laura; Børsting, Claus; Frank-Hansen, Rune; Hansen, Anders Johannes; Morling, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of DNA using magnetic bead based techniques on automated DNA extraction instruments provides a fast, reliable and reproducible method for DNA extraction from various matrices. However, the yield of extracted DNA from FTA-cards is typically low. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible to repeatedly extract DNA from the processed FTA-disk. The method increases the yield from the nanogram range to the microgram range.

  6. Some security strategies for smart cards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ros, F [Gemalto, St Cyr en Val, BP 6021, 45060 Orlans Cedex (France); Harba, R [LESI, Polytech' Orlans-LESI, 12 rue de Blois, 45067 Orleans Cedex 2 (France)

    2007-07-15

    This paper details current developments at Gemalto in the field of security. It focuses on two different security processes for ID cards. The first one consists in adding observable security features in the ID image to allow quick visual verification and serves mainly to detect counterfeit attempts. The second consists in watermarking ID images during the pre personalization step by a secret key stored in the chip. The interest of the different approaches is demonstrated with several real ID images.

  7. Card, Internet and mobile payments in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Jyrkönen, Hanna; Paunonen, Heli

    2004-01-01

    Retail payment methods are in a stage of rapid development. New service providers and technological developments enable new payment services through a variety of channels. Payment solutions are being developed based eg on the Internet and on mobile phones. Presumably, the use of paper-based payment instruments will decrease further in the future thanks to electronification in the retail payment area. In this paper we focus on card payments in Finland and certain other countries. We also look ...

  8. Implement Security using smart card on Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amish Kumar Aman

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Cloud is a concept of accessing the data from theirown datacenters such that the chances ofeavesdropping have been reduced and storage costis reduced. Here in this paper we are giving a briefsurvey of various cloud based techniqueimplemented so far. Although there are varioustechniques implemented so far for the cloudcomputing but here we are giving a survey of notonly cloud based techniques but also the concept ofsmart cards for the authentication between onecloud to another cloud.

  9. Study of the mechanical properties of the electric power station components: the punch test; Etude des proprietes mecaniques des composants de centrales thermiques: l'essai punch test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isselin, J

    2003-03-15

    The aging of the electric production park implies an increasing need of knowledge concerning the evolution of the mechanical properties of its components. With regard to this problem, the availability in material is more and more small. This work proposes to characterize these properties through a mechanical test called Punch test. The main characteristic of this test is to use very small volume samples. The development of this test has been carried out by the study of a 15 MDV 4-05 steel coming from a steam drum of a thermal power plant after 145000 hours of service. At first, we have measured the influence of the parameters of this test. Then, the study has dealt more particularly on the transition temperature of the material. With the finite element simulation method, the strain hardening coefficient of the material has been determined. (O.M.)

  10. One smart card, one less car

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenton, B.

    2003-06-30

    A system of car-sharing in Bremen, Germany, a membership-based structure of car-sharing that gives members access to a network of cars stationed throughout the city on a pay-per-trip basis, and without the hassles of car ownership, is discussed. The car-sharing scheme is combined with the city's transit system by means of a smart card that serves both as a pass for the city's transit system and as an electronic key to the cars in the car-sharing system. Future plans include to use the card also as a method of payment for taxis, and organizers are also working with the municipal government to get support for having car-sharing included in the city's official plan. At present, car-sharing stations are simply reserved parking spots for one or more cars, however, future stations are envisaged to include parking for up to five cars, a computer to book cars, direct access to keys using the smart card, parking for bicycles, and information about car-sharing stations, bus, trams, as well as bike and walking routes. Similar, if somewhat more modest, car-sharing schemes are also available in several cities in Canada, including Halifax, Quebec City, Montreal, Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver.

  11. LHC card games: bringing about retrocausality?

    CERN Document Server

    Silagadze, Z K

    2010-01-01

    The model of Nielsen and Ninomiya claims that "the SSC (Superconducting Supercollider) were stopped by the US Congress due to the backward causation from the big amounts of Higgs particles, which it would have produced, if it had been allowed to run". They also proposed to play a card game and if the "close LHC" card is drawn (with probability $\\sim 10^{-6}$), really close LHC on the eve of Higgs particle discovery to avoid more severe bad luck. Crazy? Probably. But paraphrasing Salvador Dali, if you believe that you and me are smarter in physics than Nielsen and Ninomiya, don't read this article, just go right on in your blissful idiocy. Therefore, I will try to make sense of backward causation. It turns out that not only the backward causation makes perfect sense in some models of possible reality, but that Nielsen and Ninomiya really have a chance to close LHC by a card game. The only thing they need is to be smart enough to manage to develop their theory up to the level of brilliance beginning from which ...

  12. Memory of Quark Matter Card Game

    CERN Document Server

    Csörgő, J; Csörgő, T

    2013-01-01

    Scientists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC, BNL) recently discovered, that the hottest known form of matter is not a gas, but acts like a fluid. Furthermore, this fluid of quarks expands and flows much more perfectly than water or any other well known fluid. This aspect of the RHIC discovery can be introduced even to primary levels of physics education, noting that the usual solid to liquid to gas sequence of phase transitions now are known to be followed by a transition to a nearly perfect fluid, a liquid of quarks, at the largest temperatures made by humans. The educational games described herein were invented by middle school students, members of a Science Club in Hungary. The games were invented for their entertainment, the educational applications in teaching high energy particle and nuclear physics to laypersons are quite unexpected but most welcomed. This manuscript describes games with a deck of cards called Quark Matter cards, where each card represents an elementary particle. The games ...

  13. The Influence of the Punched Delta Wings on Flow Pattern and Heat Transfer Characteristic in a Fin-and-Oval-Tube Heat Exchanger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amnart Boonloi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available 3D numerical investigations are performed to study the heat transfer, friction factor, and thermal performance of a fin-and-oval heat exchanger with punched delta wings for a range of 500 ≤ Re ≤ 2500 (based on the hydraulic diameter. The influences of the punched angles, 20°, 30°, and 45°, flow directions, wing tips pointing downstream and upstream, and pitch ratios, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, are investigated. The results show that the use of the punched delta wings in the fin-and-oval-tube heat exchanger leads to an enhancement in the heat transfer and friction loss as compared to the plain fin for all cases (Nu/Nu0 and f/f0 higher than 1. The enhancements of the heat transfer and friction factor are around 1.01–1.22 and 1.37–2.65 times higher than the base case, respectively. The punched delta wings create the vortex flows through the test section that helps enhance the strength of the impinging flow on the tube walls. The impingement of the fluid flow is an important key to augment the heat transfer rate and thermal performance in the heat exchanger.

  14. 22 CFR 41.32 - Nonresident alien Mexican border crossing identification cards; combined border crossing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., 1998, shall consist of a card, Form DSP-150, containing a machine-readable biometric identifier. It..., biometric identifier in the card is required in order for the card to be usable for entry. (c) Revocation. A... identification cards; combined border crossing identification cards and B-1/B-2 visitor visas. 41.32 Section...

  15. Guest Editorial: Card sort methodology: An objective measure in rehabilitation research

    OpenAIRE

    Haitham Jahrami, PhD

    2012-01-01

    Card sort clinical tests such as the Wisconsin Card Sort Test and Activity Card Sort are well known in several clinical practices, including psychiatry, neurology, neuropsychology, and learning disabilities. However, card sort methodology is less famous as a research methodology. This editorial attempts to shed light on the novelty of the card sort methodology and its relevance to rehabilitation research.

  16. Quantum key distribution using card, base station and trusted authority

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Peterson, Charles Glen; Rosenberg, Danna; McCabe, Kevin Peter; Tyagi, Kush T; Dallman, Nicholas

    2015-04-07

    Techniques and tools for quantum key distribution ("QKD") between a quantum communication ("QC") card, base station and trusted authority are described herein. In example implementations, a QC card contains a miniaturized QC transmitter and couples with a base station. The base station provides a network connection with the trusted authority and can also provide electric power to the QC card. When coupled to the base station, after authentication by the trusted authority, the QC card acquires keys through QKD with a trusted authority. The keys can be used to set up secure communication, for authentication, for access control, or for other purposes. The QC card can be implemented as part of a smart phone or other mobile computing device, or the QC card can be used as a fillgun for distribution of the keys.

  17. Credit card spending limit and personal finance: system dynamics approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Pejić Bach

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Credit cards have become one of the major ways for conducting cashless transactions. However, they have a long term impact on the well being of their owner through the debt generated by credit card usage. Credit card issuers approve high credit limits to credit card owners, thereby influencing their credit burden. A system dynamics model has been used to model behavior of a credit card owner in different scenarios according to the size of a credit limit. Experiments with the model demonstrated that a higher credit limit approved on the credit card decreases the budget available for spending in the long run. This is a contribution toward the evaluation of action for credit limit control based on their consequences.

  18. Jefferson Lab's Trim Card II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trent Allison; Sarin Philip; C. Higgins; Edward Martin; William Merz

    2005-05-01

    Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) uses Trim Card I power supplies to drive approximately 1900 correction magnets. These trim cards have had a long and illustrious service record. However, some of the employed technology is now obsolete, making it difficult to maintain the system and retain adequate spares. The Trim Card II is being developed to act as a transparent replacement for its aging predecessor. A modular approach has been taken in its development to facilitate the substitution of sections for future improvements and maintenance. The resulting design has been divided into a motherboard and 7 daughter cards which has also allowed for parallel development. The Trim Card II utilizes modern technologies such as a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and a microprocessor to embed trim card controls and diagnostics. These reprogrammable devices also provide the versatility to incorporate future requirements.

  19. Small Punch Creep Studies for Optimization of Nitrogen Content in 316LN SS for Enhanced Creep Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathew, M. D.; Ganesh Kumar, J.; Ganesan, V.; Laha, K.

    2014-02-01

    Small punch creep (SPC) studies have been carried out to evaluate the creep properties of 316LN stainless steel (SS) at 923 K (650 °C) at various stress levels. The results have been compared with uniaxial creep rupture data obtained from conventional creep tests. The minimum deflection rate was found to obey Norton power law. SPC rupture life was correlated with uniaxial creep rupture life. The influence of nitrogen content on the creep rupture properties of 316LN SS was investigated in the range of 0.07 to 0.14 wt pct. SPC rupture life increased and the minimum deflection rate decreased with the increase in nitrogen content. The trends were found to be in agreement with the results obtained from uniaxial creep rupture tests. These studies have established that SPC is a fast and reliable technique to screen creep properties of different experimental heats of materials for optimizing the chemical composition for developing creep-resistant materials.

  20. 数控冲床噪声控制研究%Noise Research on Numerical Control Punch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许颖颖

    2012-01-01

    Numerical control punch inevitably makes a noise in the work by vibration of working components. It not only interferes with working environment and affects working efficiency and qualiyt but also it harms to human health. This paper obtains the main source of the noise by field tests and adopts measures to reduce the noise.%数控冲床在运行过程中不可避免会产生由振动以及其零部件工作时引起的噪声,干扰工作环境,影响工作效率,降低工作品质,甚至危害人体健康.论文通过对数控冲床的现场噪声测试,分析了噪声的主要来源,并采用了相应的措施,取得了一定的降噪效果.

  1. Effects of grain size and specimen size on small punch test of type 316L austenitic stainless steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miniature specimen test technique has been extensively studied for quantifying the properties of bulk materials. In this paper small punch test (SPT) is used to clarify the effects of specimen thickness (t), grain size (d) and ratio of thickness to grain size (t/d) on mechanical properties of 316L austenitic stainless steel (SS). Five sheet of 316L SS with the same texture but different thicknesses and grain sizes were prepared using rolling and heating treatment technique. Effective SPT yield strength was measured, and then used to correlate with conventional tensile test by empirical equation. The results show that the SPT is sensitive not only to differences in the thickness, but also to changes in the grain size and value of t/d. The present work provides information that enhance the understanding of reliability of SPT in analysis of the mechanical properties of small specimens and bulk materials. (author)

  2. Pricing Debit Card Payment Services; An IO Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander F. Tieman; Wilko Bolt

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical framework for analyzing pricing structures in debit card schemes featuring cardholders, retailers, their respective banks, and a network routing switch. The network routing switch controls the electronic debit card network and is jointly owned by the banks. In setting its prices, it needs to consider getting both consumers and retailers to participate in the market. In this two-sided market for debit cards, we show that the "double-monopolistic" network routi...

  3. Biometrics and ID Cards — Enablers for Personal Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisen, Andreas

    The electronic ID card is a modernization and security project of the German Government. On the one hand, the multifunctional card is intended to boost security and the convenience of e-government and e-business applications. On the other hand, the new biometric ID card should allow citizens to use it as a travel document in the Schengen area and for specific destinations outside the European Union also in the future.

  4. Clinical evaluation of the Vitek Neisseria-Haemophilus Identification card.

    OpenAIRE

    Janda, W M; Malloy, P J; Schreckenberger, P C

    1987-01-01

    A clinical evaluation of the Vitek Neisseria-Haemophilus Identification (NHI) card (Vitek Systems, Inc., Hazelwood, Mo.) was performed with 480 clinical isolates and stock strains of Neisseria spp., Haemophilus spp., and other fastidious microorganisms included in the data base of the system. Identifications obtained with the NHI card were compared with those determined by conventional methods. The card identified 83.2% of 244 Neisseria spp. and Branhamella catarrhalis, 54.9% of 164 Haemophil...

  5. Users Authentication and Privacy control of RFID Card

    OpenAIRE

    Adeyemi, Ikuesan R.; Ithnin, Norafida Bt.

    2012-01-01

    Security and Privacy concerns in Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology particularly RFID Card, is a wide research area which have attracted researchers for over a decade. Authenticating users at the Card end of the RFID technology constitutes one of the major sources of attacks on the system. In this research, we studied the various known attacks and mitigation available. We proposed a conceptual framework that that can be used to mitigate the unauthorized use of RFID Card. This co...

  6. Concretization and animation of Finite Automata with c-cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    to classes of 10 to 12 years old, and in general to students with a limited mathematical background. Our approach builds on {\\em computational cards} (or c-cards), a project aiming at scaling-down the learning complexity of computer science core contents, by presenting symbol manipulation via a t......-cards is given and its educational implication discussed: the mapping provides a mean to concretize and animate automata. The algorithm works with both deterministic and non-deterministic finite automata....

  7. Answer Card Identification Method Based on Pattern Recognition Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Jing; Zhang Kun Fang

    2016-01-01

    The traditional answer card reading method using OMR (Optical Mark Reader), most commonly, OMR special card special use, less versatile, high cost, aiming at the existing problems proposed a method based on pattern recognition of the answer card identification method. Using the method based on Line Segment Detector to detect the tilt of the image, the existence of tilt image rotation correction, and eventually achieve positioning and detection of answers to the answer sheet .Pattern recogniti...

  8. Generation and Analysis of Card9-Deficient Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Groß, Olaf

    2010-01-01

    Fungal infections are increasing worldwide with the dramatic rise in immunodeficiencies including AIDS. However, the immune responses to such infections remain poorly understood. Dectin-1 is the major mammalian pattern recognition receptor for fungal cell wall components. In this work, Card9 was identified as a key transducer of Dectin-1 signaling. Card9 controls Dectin-1 mediated myeloid cell activation, cytokine production and innate anti-fungal immunity. Card9 couples to Bcl10 and regulate...

  9. Mathematical card magic fifty-two new effects

    CERN Document Server

    Mulcahy, Colm

    2013-01-01

    Mathematical card effects offer both beginning and experienced magicians an opportunity to entertain with a minimum of props. Featuring mostly original creations, Mathematical Card Magic: Fifty-Two New Effects presents an entertaining look at new mathematically based card tricks. Each chapter contains four card effects, generally starting with simple applications of a particular mathematical principle and ending with more complex ones. Practice a handful of the introductory effects and, in no time, you'll establish your reputation as a ""mathemagician."" Delve a little deeper into each chapter

  10. The problems of using credit card and some possible solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付佶

    2012-01-01

      The credit card was first used in the 1920s,in the United States,and it has increased steadily. It becomes a worldwide payment method. The credit card provides two basic benefits. The first one is It provides the convenient to the holders for the credit card owners can carry a card instead of a large sum of cash. Moreover,the card-holders are able to purchase some products with this kind of card for it allows the owners to borrow money from bank at some future cost.(Sha Yang 2006)However,because of the imperfect of credit card system(Yingjiu Li 2005), unrealistic optimism in consumer credit card adoption(Sha yang 2006)and APR Trap (Steve Sildon2008),all of these problems cause lots of problems for cardholders. This presentation will consider about the three problems which will bring the trouble to the consumers,and then it will focus on some possible solutions to address these problems for individual users. Finally,the presentation will present some way to make money with credit card.

  11. Volume of Requests for Internet Medicare Replacement Cards

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This dataset provides monthly volumes at the national level from federal fiscal year 2008 onwards for Internet Medicare Replacement Card. The dataset includes only...

  12. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Shafinar; Bakri, Mohamed Hariri; Zulkepli, Jafri; Adnan, Azimah; Azizi, Amsyar

    2014-12-01

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry.

  13. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismail, Shafinar; Adnan, Azimah; Azizi, Amsyar [Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka 75300 (Malaysia); Bakri, Mohamed Hariri [Faculty of Technology Management And Technopreneurship, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka 76100 (Malaysia); Zulkepli, Jafri [Faculty of Quantitative Science, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok Kedah (Malaysia)

    2014-12-04

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry.

  14. A recoverable stress testing algorithm for compression and encryption cards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao-jun ZHANG; Xue-zeng PAN; Jie-bing WANG; Ling-di PING

    2008-01-01

    This study proposes a recoverable stress testing algorithm (RSTA) for such special devices as compression/decom-pression card and encryption/decryption card. It uses a chaos function to generate a random sequence, and then, according to the random sequence, generates an effective command sequence. The dispatch of command obeys a special schedule strategy we designed for such devices, I.e., the commands are sent according to the command sequence, and the complete commands are put in a buffer for further result check. RSTA is used to test the HIFN compression acceleration card SAICHI- 1000. Test results show that RSTA can make the card work continuously and adequately.

  15. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry

  16. Caquexia cardíaca Cardiac cachexia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Miján

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia cardíaca de carácter crónico (ICC, en especial si afecta al corazón derecho, ocasiona con frecuencia malnutrición. Si esta es grave y se unen otros componentes, puede producirse caquexia cardíaca. Esta se asocia a mayor morbilidad y menor supervivencia de los pacientes que la padecen. Las causas de la caquexia cardíaca son diversas, en general asociadas a mantener balance energético negativo, surgiendo cada vez mayor evidencia que apoya un origen multifactorial de la misma. Entre otros, factores neurohormonales, inflamatorios, inmunológicos y metabólicos se superponen en el paciente con ICC, pudiendo producir afectación y deterioro de diversos órganos o sistemas, incluyendo la caquexia cardíaca. Esta puede definirse de diversos modos que, en general, concretan una reducción de peso en un tiempo definido o de estructuras corporales, ya que esta entidad afecta tanto a la masa magra o celular activa, como a los tejidos adiposo y óseo "osteoporosis. De todos ellos, el deterioro más acusado puede observarse en el tejido muscular esquelético, tanto a nivel estructural como funcional, no quedando exento el corazón de su afectación. Respecto del tratamiento, este debe basarse en la evidencia científica disponible. La valoración del estado nutricional de todo paciente con ICC es obligada, debiendo intervenir nutricionalmente ante MEP o riesgo de desarrollarla. En esta situación, mas si existe caquexia cardíaca, es necesaria una modificación de la dieta oral en energía y calidad de la misma, debiendo valorar la indicación de nutrición artificial específica complementaria o alternativa. Asimismo, cada vez adquiere mayor fuerza causal el papel beneficioso del ejercicio físico moderado, así como de la modulación por determinados fármacos de las alteraciones metabólicas e inflamatorias observadas en la caquexia cardíaca, que incluyen una respuesta favorable a nivel funcional y estructural del paciente con ICC

  17. CERN Access Cards and Access Authorisations

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    From the 01/05/2003, all problems relating to access cards and refusal of access to any zone, building or experiment within CERN must be addressed to the Centrale de Surveillance des Accès (CSA building 120) on 78877 or send an e-mail to Access.Surveillance@cern.ch. The responsibles for CERN access control have put into place a procedure with the CSA, Service Enregistrement and the Technical Control Room, to make sure that all problems get resolved in a proper and timely manner.

  18. Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs 2 (MFCP2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs 2 (MFCP2) (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 14 is being distributed for use in development and testing of automated fingerprint classification and matching systems on a set of images which approximate a natural horizontal distribution of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) fingerprint classes. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  19. Comparison of Hanna and Hessburg-Barron trephine and punch systems using histological, anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and elliptical curve fitting models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moshirfar M

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Majid Moshirfar1, Charles M Calvo2, Krista I Kinard1, Lloyd B Williams1, Shameema Sikder3, Marcus C Neuffer11University of Utah, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 2University of Nevada, School of Medicine, Las Vegas, NV, USA; 3Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USABackground: This study analyzes the characteristics of donor and recipient tissue preparation between the Hessburg-Barron and Hanna punch and trephine systems by using elliptical curve fitting models, light microscopy, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT.Methods: Eight millimeter Hessburg-Barron and Hanna vacuum trephines and punches were used on six cadaver globes and six corneal-scleral rims, respectively. Eccentricity data were generated using measurements from photographs of the corneal buttons and were used to generate an elliptical curve fit to calculate properties of the corneal button. The trephination angle and punch angle were measured by digital protractor software from light microscopy and AS-OCT images to evaluate the consistency with which each device cuts the cornea.Results: The Hanna trephine showed a trend towards producing a more circular recipient button than the Barron trephine (ratio of major axis to minor axis, ie, 1.059 ± 0.041 versus 1.110 ± 0.027 (P = 0.147 and the Hanna punch showed a trend towards producing a more circular donor cut than the Barron punch, ie, 1.021 ± 0.022 versus 1.046 ± 0.039 (P = 0.445. The Hanna trephine was demonstrated to have a more consistent trephination angle than the Barron trephine when assessing light microscopy images, ie, ±14.39° (95% confidence interval [CI] 111.9–157.7 versus ±19.38° (95% CI 101.9–150.2, P = 0.492 and OCT images, ie, ± 8.08° (95% CI 106.2–123.3 versus ± 11.16° (95% CI 109.3–132.6, P = 0.306. The angle created by the Hanna punch had less variability than the Barron punch from both the light microscopy

  20. The new star of cable TV: smart cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, S

    1994-05-01

    Cable television viewers in New York are tuning in to an unusual new ad campaign for health care smart cards. Berdy Medical Systems Inc. of Rochelle Park, N.J., is running the ads in the hopes that card-carrying consumers will press their physicians and hospitals to jump on the automation bandwagon and buy electronic records software. PMID:10141195

  1. 77 FR 75410 - Request for Information Regarding Credit Card Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... for consumers who do not have prime credit scores? (e) Has the CARD Act impacted the safety and... PROTECTION Request for Information Regarding Credit Card Market AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice and request for information. SUMMARY: Section 502(a) of the Credit...

  2. 31 CFR 8.25 - Renewal of enrollment card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Renewal of enrollment card. 8.25 Section 8.25 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PRACTICE BEFORE THE BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND FIREARMS Enrollment Procedures § 8.25 Renewal of enrollment card. (a) Period of renewal. An enrolled practitioner...

  3. 48 CFR 2913.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Governmentwide commercial purchase card. 2913.301 Section 2913.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR ACQUISITION PLANNING SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 2913.301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. (a)...

  4. Students Beat the Queue and Produce Their Own Library Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockton, Laurence

    2006-01-01

    In the past, it took the library staff of the University of Bath in United Kingdom around two weeks each autumn to produce cards for the main intake of its undergraduates. In this article, the author describes how he transformed the school's traditional library card production into a low-cost self-service system. He also describes how the new…

  5. Procurement Cards Pave the Way to Efficient Purchasing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enos, Eileen D.

    1999-01-01

    As educators battle restricted budgets, inflation, and enrollment changes, strategic sourcing management is replacing traditional transaction-based procurement. Procurement-card programs, allowing organizations to use credit cards for small purchases or low-value items, save time and enhance controls over merchants, credit limits, issuance limits,…

  6. 8 CFR 212.6 - Border crossing identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... valid on or after October 1, 2002, the non-biometric border crossing card portion of the document is not... biometric identifier contained on the card matches the appropriate biometric characteristic of the alien... 22 CFR 41.122, a Form DSP-150 or combined B-1/B-2 visitor visa and non-biometric border...

  7. IR Cards: Inquiry-Based Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Jacqueline; Forster, Tabetha

    2010-01-01

    As infrared spectroscopy (IR) is frequently used in undergraduate organic chemistry courses, an inductive introduction to IR spectroscopy that uses index cards printed with spectra, structures, and chemical names is described. Groups of students are given an alphabetized deck of these "IR cards" to sort into functional groups. The students then…

  8. CARD15 gene and the classification of Crohn's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Murillo, L; Crusius, JBA; van Bodegraven, AA; Alizadeh, BZ; Pena, AS

    2002-01-01

    An insertion mutation at nucleotide 3020 (3020insC) in the CARD15 gene, originally reported as NOD2, has been strongly associated with Crohn's disease. The CARD15 G2722C missense mutation was also shown to be associated with this disease. We studied 130 Dutch Crohn's disease patients, with a median

  9. Designing minimum data sets of health smart card system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohtaram Nematollahi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nowadays different countries benefit from health system based on health cards and projects related to smart cards. Lack of facilities which cover this technology is obvious in our society. This paper aims to design Minimum Data Sets of Health Smart Card System for Iran. Method: This research was an applied descriptive study. At first, we reviewed the same projects and guidelines of selected countries and the proposed model was designed in accordance to the country’s needs, taking people’s attitude about it by Delphi technique. A data analysis in study stage of MDS(Minimum Data Sets of Health Smart Card in the selective countries was done by comparative tables and determination of similarities and differences of the MDS. In the stage of gaining credit for model, it was accomplished with descriptive statistics to the extent of absolute and relative frequency through SPSS (version 16. Results: MDS of Health Smart Card for Iran is presented in the patient’s card and health provider’s card on basisof studiesin America, Australia, Turkey and Belgium and needs of our country and after doing Delphi technique with 94 percent agreement confirmed. Conclusion: Minimum Data Sets of Health Smart Card provides continuous care for patients and communication among providers. So, it causes a decrease in the complications of threatening diseases. Collection of MDS of diseases increases the quality of care assessment

  10. Using Playing Cards to Simulate a Molecular Clock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westerling, Karin E.

    2008-01-01

    Changes in DNA base-repair may serve as an indicator of the time elapsed since divergence from a common ancestor. DNA sequences can now be analyzed. The simulation presented in this article allows students to observe the accumulation of changes in a randomly mutating sequence of playing cards. The cards are analogous to DNA nucleotide or protein…

  11. Mobile Broadcast DRM Based on User Identity Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byung-Rae Lee

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The current mobile broadcast systems do not provide efficient solution for consumption of service and content based on the user identity card such as a smartcard. This prevents users from consuming broadcast service and contents independent of a specific terminal (e.g., the one used for registration or purchase. To provide usage of broadcast services based on the user identity card, mutual authentication needs to be established among the service provider, the terminal, and the user identity card whenever the terminal is changed. The crucial element for this is assuring the service provider, the terminal, and the user identity card by authenticating each entity to the other entities. In this paper, we propose the new authentication scheme, which provides efficient scheme for three kinds of mutual authentications among the service provider, the terminal, and the user identity card. We also construct mobile broadcast DRM system based on the proposed authentication scheme for consumption of broadcast services with multiple terminals.

  12. New Medicare-approved prescription drug discount card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, John S

    2004-05-28

    Patients who are on Medicare and have income under 135% of Federal poverty level and are not on Medicaid probably should obtain one of the new Medicare discount cards that became available on June 1, 2004, because all these cards include $600 annual credit for prescription-drug purchases for persons within that income limit. Unfortunately this program is complex, no one yet knows how it will work in practice, and after choosing a card one is locked in and cannot change cards until November 15. The most difficult part of the choice of which card to get may involve how it interacts with other programs, including ADAP, and pharmaceutical company patient assistance programs. PMID:15241856

  13. Anonymous Card Shuffling and its Applications to Parallel Mixnets

    CERN Document Server

    Goodrich, Michael T

    2012-01-01

    We study the question of how to shuffle $n$ cards when faced with an opponent who knows the initial position of all the cards {\\em and} can track every card when permuted, {\\em except} when one takes $K< n$ cards at a time and shuffles them in a private buffer "behind your back," which we call {\\em buffer shuffling}. The problem arises naturally in the context of parallel mixnet servers as well as other security applications. Our analysis is based on related analyses of load-balancing processes. We include extensions to variations that involve corrupted servers and adversarially injected messages, which correspond to an opponent who can peek at some shuffles in the buffer and who can mark some number of the cards. In addition, our analysis makes novel use of a sum-of-squares metric for anonymity, which leads to improved performance bounds for parallel mixnets and can also be used to bound well-known existing anonymity measures.

  14. Application of Hidden Markov Model in Credit Card Fraud Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Bhusari

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In modern retail market environment, electronic commerce has rapidly gained a lot of attention and alsoprovides instantaneous transactions. In electronic commerce, credit card has become the most importantmeans of payment due to fast development in information technology around the world. As the usage ofcredit card increases in the last decade, rate of fraudulent practices is also increasing every year.Existing fraud detection system may not be so much capable to reduce fraud transaction rate.Improvement in fraud detection practices has become essential to maintain existence of payment system.In this paper, we show how Hidden Markov Model (HMM is used to detect credit card fraud transactionwith low false alarm. An HMM based system is initially studied spending profile of the card holder andfollowed by checking an incoming transaction against spending behavior of the card holder, if it is notaccepted by our proposed HMM with sufficient probability, then it would be a fraudulent transaction.

  15. The design of the center hole punch%关于中心打孔机的设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂荣臻; 曹建中

    2014-01-01

    The utility model relates to a center punch, including chassis, motor, rail, and two compressive bar inside the casing has stated push block, the top of the chassis with a nut, one end of the screw nut, through the top of the chassis and blocks are linked together, motor guide rail and the casing is fixed, the motor seat by machine guide rail and slide casing connection, motor seat is, the output of the motor connection power head; As described in the lower end of the block with a roller, block in the middle of the bilateral symmetry runs up two chute, each one end of the push rod is equipped with guide wheel, guide wheel sliding inside the chute, each lever through back to resellers and chassis rotation connection, in the middle of each lever and on the other side of the roller. Center punching machine of the utility model not only can fast clamping workpiece, three fast clamping, automatic centering, the purpose of realizing automatic centering.%本实用新型涉及一种中心打孔机,包括机壳、电机座、电机导轨和两个压杆,所述机壳内具有推块,机壳的顶部具有螺母,螺杆的一端通过螺母穿过机壳的顶部与推块相连,电机导轨与机壳固定连接,电机座通过电机导轨与机壳滑动连接,电机座内具有电机,电机的输出端连接有动力头;所述推块的下端具有滚轮,推块的中部两侧对称开有向上的两个斜槽,每个压杆的一端装有导向轮,导向轮在斜槽内滑动,每个压杆的中部通过回转销与机壳转动连接,每个压杆的另一端也均装有滚轮。本实用新型的中心打孔机,不仅能快速的夹紧工件,三点快速夹紧,自动定心,实现自动打中心孔的目的。

  16. Quantification of the brittle-ductile failure behavior of reactor steels by means of the small punch tests and micromechanical damage models; Quantifizierung des sproed-duktilen Versagensverhaltens von Reaktorstaehlen mit Hilfe des Small-Punch-Tests und mikromechanischer Schaedigungsmodelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linse, Thomas

    2013-02-25

    This work comprises the development and implementation of a non-local ductile damage model, the application of methods for the identification of material parameters from experimental data as well as the calculation of fracture mechanics parameters in the brittle-ductile transition zone through numerical simulations of fracture mechanical tests using the identified parameters. The developed non-local ductile damage model is based on the Gurson-Tvergaard- Needleman model (GTN). The pathological mesh sensitivity of the GTN model is eliminated by introducing an additional length parameter by means of an implicit gradient formulation. To solve the coupled field problem, the non-local damage model is implemented in a finite element program in the form of a userdefined element. Force-displacement-curves of the small punch test (SPT), a miniaturised test, are evaluated for the determination of material parameters. Given the modest material requirements for the preparation of the required samples remnants of Charpy-specimens are reused. Two ferritic reactor steels, both irradiated and unirradiated, are examined. The experiments cover the full brittle-ductile transition region of the steels. Following the concept of the Local Approach, fracture toughness values are determined by numerical calculation of the stress and deformation state in fracture mechanics specimen only. Here, the yield curves and damage parameters previously determined from the SPT are used. The calculated fracture toughness values are compared with experimental results.

  17. Young Generation Attitudes and Awareness Towards the Implementation of Smart Card in Bahrain: An Exploratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel I. Al-Alawi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available SmartCards are one of the latest additions to the continuing list of advancements and innovations in the world of information and communication technology. A SmartCard resembles in size and shape to a normal credit card or bank ATM card, with a microprocessor chip implanted into the plastic card. These cards are used not just as identity cards, like the earliest versions of such cards, but hold a relatively huge amount of editable information including the card holder's bank data, e-purse, finger print, health record, blood type, traffic and license details and other such vital information. The purpose of this study was to present a general overview of SmartCards, a brief history, features and applications of SmartCards and the introduction of SmartCards in the Kingdom of Bahrain. This study collects some information about the features and related issues regarding the SmartCards which are to be issued to the public. A total of 513 questionnaires were distributed to students of the University of Bahrain. The questions asked included questions to check the acceptance of the people to replace their current cards with a SmartCards and their awareness of the new National SmartCard in Bahrain. It also evaluates the efforts taken by the government to create awareness among the public about the usage and features of the SmartCards.

  18. 加工球轴承防尘盖用凸凹模的改进%Improvement of punch and die for machining ball bearing shield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋薇; 郝洪博

    2013-01-01

    The original punch and die for machining shield has some machining problems and cannot ensure the product quality which result the high reject rate and big labor intensity. Change the original structure of punch and die to the insert structure for solving the machining problems, so as to make machining easy, improve quality, reduce labor intensity and improve the efficiency.%  原设计的防尘盖凸凹模加工困难,废品率高,劳动强度大,质量难以保证。改为镶体结构后,加工方便,质量精度高,劳动强度低,效益相对提高。

  19. Efficacy of punch elevation combined with fractional carbon dioxide laser resurfacing in facial atrophic acne scarring: A randomized split-face clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gita Faghihi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A number of treatments for reducing the appearance of acne scars are available, but general guidelines for optimizing acne scar treatment do not exist. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effectiveness and side effects of fractional carbon dioxide (CO 2 laser resurfacing combined with punch elevation with fractional CO 2 laser resurfacing alone in the treatment of atrophic acne scars. Materials and Methods: Forty-two Iranian subjects (age range 18-55 with Fitzpatrick skin types III to IV and moderate to severe atrophic acne scars on both cheeks received randomized split-face treatments: One side received fractional CO 2 laser treatment and the other received one session of punch elevation combined with two sessions of laser fractional CO 2 laser treatment, separated by an interval of 1 month. Two dermatologists independently evaluated improvement in acne scars 4 and 16 weeks after the last treatment. Side effects were also recorded after each treatment. Results: The mean ± SD age of patients was 23.4 ± 2.6 years. Clinical improvement of facial acne scarring was assessed by two dermatologists blinded to treatment conditions. No significant difference in evaluation was observed 1 month after treatment (P = 0.56. Their evaluation found that fractional CO 2 laser treatment combined with punch elevation had greater efficacy than that with fractional CO 2 laser treatment alone, assessed 4 months after treatment (P = 0.02. Among all side effects, coagulated crust formation and pruritus at day 3 after fractional CO 2 laser treatment was significant on both treatment sides (P < 0.05. Conclusion: Concurrent use of fractional laser skin resurfacing with punch elevation offers a safe and effective approach for the treatment of acne scarring.

  20. The economics of payment card fee structure: policy considerations of payment card rewards

    OpenAIRE

    Fumiko Hayashi

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers possible public policies that could improve efficiency and welfare distribution in the U.S. retail payments industry. Mainly, four options, i) encouraging competition; ii) allowing merchants to surcharge; iii) regulating merchant fees; and iv) regulating payment card rewards, are discussed, but each option has advantages and disadvantages. Any single option may not achieve the policymakers' objective; rather, combining several policy options may be required. ; Also issued...

  1. Characterization of mechanical properties of aluminized coatings in advanced gas turbine blades using a small punch method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugita, Y.; Ito, M. [Chuba Electric Power Co., Nagoya (Japan). Electric Power R and D Center; Sakurai, S. [Hitachi Ltd. (Japan). Mechanical Engineering Research Lab.; Bloomer, T.E.; Kameda, J. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)]|[Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Center for Advanced Technology Development

    1997-04-01

    Advanced technologies of superalloy casting and coatings enable one to enhance the performance of combined cycle gas turbines for electric power generation by increasing the firing temperature. This paper describes examination of the microstructure/composition and mechanical properties (22--950 C) in aluminized CoCrAlY coatings of advanced gas turbine blades using scanning Auger microprobe and a small punch (SP) testing method. Aluminized coatings consisted of layered structure divided into four regimes: (1) Al enriched and Cr depleted region, (2) Al and Cr graded region, (3) fine grained microstructure with a mixture of Al and Cr enriched phases and (4) Ni/Co interdiffusion zone adjacent to the interface. SP specimens were prepared in order that the specimen surface would be located in the various coating regions. SP tests indicated strong dependence of the fracture properties on the various coatings regimes. Coatings 1 and 2 with very high microhardness showed much easier formation of brittle cracks in a wide temperature range, compared to coatings 3 and 4 although the coating 2 had ductility improvement at 950 C. The coating 3 had lower room temperature ductility than the coating 4. However, the ductility in the coating 3 exceeded that in the region 4 above 730 C due to a precipitous ductility increase. The integrity of aluminized coatings while in-service is discussed in light of the variation of the low cycle fatigue life as well as the ductility in the layered structure.

  2. Application of small punch creep testing to a thermally sprayed CoNiCrAlY bond coat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, H.; Hyde, T.H.; Voisey, K.T.; McCartney, D.G., E-mail: graham.mccartney@nottingham.ac.uk

    2013-11-15

    High velocity oxy-fuel thermal spraying was used to prepare free-standing CoNiCrAlY (Co–31.7% Ni–20.8% Cr–8.1% Al–0.5% Y (wt%)) bond coat alloy samples approximately 0.5 mm thick. Creep tests were conducted at 750 °C on these samples using a small punch (SP) creep test method. The samples were characterised before and after creep testing using scanning electron microscopy with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). EBSD revealed a two phase fcc γ-Ni and bcc B2 β-NiAl microstructure with grain sizes ∼1–2 μm for both phases, which did not change significantly following testing. The constant temperature SP test data were characterised by a minimum creep strain rate, ε{sub min}, and a total time to failure, t{sub f}, at different applied stresses. The data are fitted to conventional power law equations with a stress exponent for creep close to 8 in the Norton power law and between 7 and 10 in the Monkman–Grant creep rupture law. Creep rupture was predominantly due to creep cavitation voids nucleating at both the γ–β interphase boundaries and the γ–γ grain boundaries leading to final failure by void linkage. However, rupture life was influenced by the quantity of oxide entrained in the coating during the spray deposition process.

  3. Pleuroscopic punch biopsy using insulated-tip diathermic knife-2 for the diagnosis of desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masai, Kyohei; Sasada, Shinji; Izumo, Takehiro; Taniyama, Tomoko; Nakamura, Yukiko; Chavez, Christine; Sakurai, Hiroyuki; Tsuta, Koji; Tsuchida, Takaaki

    2013-10-01

    Desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) is a rare subtype of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and is often difficult to distinguish from pleural fibrosis and reactive mesothelial hyperplasia, especially if the biopsy samples are small. We performed full-thickness pleural biopsy on a lesion suspected to be DMM using an insulated-tip diathermic knife-2 (IT knife-2) during flex-rigid pleuroscopy. IT knife-2 is a novel electrosurgical device for endoscopic submucosal dissection in the early gastrointestinal cancer. It consists of a needle knife with 3 short blades at the distal end attached to an insulated ceramic tip. A 54-year-old man presenting with chest wall mass and thickened pleura, in whom a computed tomography-guided percutaneous needle aspiration had remained negative, underwent flex-rigid pleuroscopy for definitive diagnosis. While applying electric current, we used the IT knife-2 to incise the pleura in a circular shape just above the endothoracic fascia. The incised pleura was removed by forceps and examined pathologically. The microscopic examination was compatible with DMM. We discovered that pleuroscopic punch biopsy using IT knife-2 can diagnose DMM. Use of IT knife-2 during flex-rigid pleuroscopy can obtain sufficient samples from densely thickened pleura, which is difficult to diagnose with small biopsies. PMID:24162121

  4. Semi-automatic identification of punching areas for tissue microarray building: the tubular breast cancer pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beltrame Francesco

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tissue MicroArray technology aims to perform immunohistochemical staining on hundreds of different tissue samples simultaneously. It allows faster analysis, considerably reducing costs incurred in staining. A time consuming phase of the methodology is the selection of tissue areas within paraffin blocks: no utilities have been developed for the identification of areas to be punched from the donor block and assembled in the recipient block. Results The presented work supports, in the specific case of a primary subtype of breast cancer (tubular breast cancer, the semi-automatic discrimination and localization between normal and pathological regions within the tissues. The diagnosis is performed by analysing specific morphological features of the sample such as the absence of a double layer of cells around the lumen and the decay of a regular glands-and-lobules structure. These features are analysed using an algorithm which performs the extraction of morphological parameters from images and compares them to experimentally validated threshold values. Results are satisfactory since in most of the cases the automatic diagnosis matches the response of the pathologists. In particular, on a total of 1296 sub-images showing normal and pathological areas of breast specimens, algorithm accuracy, sensitivity and specificity are respectively 89%, 84% and 94%. Conclusions The proposed work is a first attempt to demonstrate that automation in the Tissue MicroArray field is feasible and it can represent an important tool for scientists to cope with this high-throughput technique.

  5. Evaluation of ductile-brittle transition behavior with neutron irradiation in nuclear reactor pressure vessel steels using small punch test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, M. C.; Lee, B. S. [KAERI, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Y. J. [Hanbat National Univ., Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-10-01

    A Small Punch (SP) test was performed to evaluate the ductile-brittle transition temperature before and after neutron irradiation in Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) steels produced by different manufacturing (refining) processes. The results were compared to the standard transition temperature shifts from the Charpy test and Master Curve fracture toughness test in accordance with the ASTM standard E1921. The samples were taken from 1/4t location of the vessel thickness and machined into a 10x10x0.5mm dimension. Irradiation of the samples was carried out in the research reactor at KAERI (HANARO) at about 290 .deg. C of the different fluence levels respectively. SP tests were performed in the temperature range of RT to -196 .deg. C using a 2.4mm diameter ball. For the materials before and after irradiation, SP transition temperatures (T{sub sp}), which are determined at the middle of the upper and lower SP energies, showed a linear correlation with the Charpy index temperature, T{sub 41J}. T{sub sp} from the irradiated samples was increased as the fluence level increased and was well within the deviation range of the unirradiated data. The TSP had a correlation with the reference temperature (T{sub 0}) from the master curve method using a pre-cracked Charpy V-notched (PCVN) specimen.

  6. The Donation-Payment Gift Card Concept: how to give twice with one card

    CERN Document Server

    Crane, R; Sornette, D

    2005-01-01

    Standard economic theory, starting with Adam Smith's invisible hand, holds that those who trade for their own selfish motives of maximizing their private preferences may contribute more to the public wealth than those who claim altruistic motives. Under restrictive conditions, this has been shown to result from a self-organizing mechanism acting at the global system level, which ensures that optimal allocation of resources derives from competition within the rule of law. In a nutshell, according to this view, being competitively selfish adds value for all. But to what degree can doing good add competitive value to products and services? We propose the creation of the Donation-Payment card as a solution to the legal and moral issues plaguing the emerging anonymous, direct-to-consumer, stored-value prepaid (SVP) card market. Our proposal to redirect millions of dollars whose status is in conflict not only improves society and empowers people, but also represents the best free-market solution to the SVP-Cards in...

  7. ACAA fly ash basics: quick reference card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Fly ash is a fine powdery material created when coal is burned to generate electricity. Before escaping into the environment via the utility stacks, the ash is collected and may be stored for beneficial uses or disposed of, if necessary. The use of fly ash provides environmental benefits, such as the conservation of natural resources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and eliminating the needed for ash disposal in landfills. It is also a valuable mineral resource that is used in construction and manufacturing. Fly ash is used in the production of Portland cement, concrete, mortars and stuccos, manufactured aggregates along with various agricultural applications. As mineral filler, fly ash can be used for paints, shingles, carpet backing, plastics, metal castings and other purposes. This quick reference card is intended to provide the reader basic source, identification and composition, information specifically related to fly ash.

  8. The ProCard mobile banking system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The mobile banking involves the use of some mobile telecommunication devices (such phones or PDAs - Personal Digital Assistants in order to complete, in a secure manner, banking transactions (like payments, transfers, account information and so on. It doesn't matter where the user is physically located. Also, the hour when the services are requested is not important anymore, because, thanks to the internet banking, the offices are virtually opened 24 hours per day. The ProCard system represents a suite of applications used to perform mobile banking. It was intended to be a universal solution that allows EFT, Internet and mobile banking in a single package. No special software or hardware is required

  9. Authentications of Myanmar National Registration Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myint Myint Sein

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The automatic identification system of Myanmar national registration card (NRC holder is presented in this paper. The proposed system can be handled the identification by the extracted low quality face image and fingerprint image from Myanmar NRC. Both of the facial recognition and fingerprint recognition system are developed for Myanmar citizenship confirmation. Age invariant face recognition algorithm is performed based on combination of DiaPCA (Diagonal principal Component Analysis and KNN (Kth nearest neighbor classifier approaches. An algorithm of the fingerprint recognition is proposed for recognition of the poor quality fingerprint image with fabric background.  Several experiments have been done for confirming the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  10. Investigating customer racial discrimination in the secondary baseball card market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primm, Eric; Piquero, Nicole Leeper; Piquero, Alex R; Regoli, Robert M

    2011-01-01

    A growing body of literature in a variety of disciplines has appeared over the last 20 years examining customer racial bias in the secondary sports card market; however, consensus on the matter has yet to emerge. In this article, we explore the more subtle ways that a player's race/ethnicity may affect the value of his sports card including a player's skin tone (light- to dark-skinned). Data were obtained for 383 black, Latino, and white baseball players who had received at least one vote for induction into Major League Baseball's Hall of Fame including their career performance statistics, rookie card price, card availability, Hall of Fame status, and skin tone. Findings indicate that card availability is the primary determinant of card value while a player's skin tone has no direct effect. Subsequent analysis demonstrates that a player's race (white/non-white) rather than skin tone did have an effect as it interacts with Hall of Fame status to influence his rookie card price. PMID:21337740

  11. Interaction between NOD2 and CARD9 involves the NOD2 NACHT and the linker region between the NOD2 CARDs and NACHT domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhouse, Rhiannon; Boyle, Joseph P; Mayle, Sophie; Sawmynaden, Kovilen; Rittinger, Katrin; Monie, Tom P

    2014-08-25

    NOD2 activation by muramyl dipeptide causes a proinflammatory immune response in which the adaptor protein CARD9 works synergistically with NOD2 to drive p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signalling. To date the nature of the interaction between NOD2 and CARD9 remains undetermined. Here we show that this interaction is not mediated by the CARDs of NOD2 and CARD9 as previously suggested, but that NOD2 possesses two interaction sites for CARD9; one in the CARD-NACHT linker and one in the NACHT itself. PMID:24960071

  12. 6 CFR 37.25 - Renewal of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation, Verification, and Card Issuance Requirements § 37.25 Renewal of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. (a) In-person renewals. States must require holders of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards to renew...

  13. 6 CFR 37.23 - Reissued REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation, Verification, and Card Issuance Requirements § 37.23 Reissued REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. (a) State... time a REAL ID driver's license or identification card is reissued, to ensure that the...

  14. 75 FR 47515 - Identification (ID) Cards for Members of the Uniformed Services, Their Dependents, and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 161 RIN 0790-AI61 Identification (ID) Cards for Members of the Uniformed... DoD ID cards. The ID cards shall be issued to uniformed service members, their dependents, and other... as follows: SUBCHAPTER F--SECURITY PART 161--IDENTIFICATION (ID) CARDS FOR MEMBERS OF THE...

  15. 6 CFR 37.21 - Temporary or limited-term driver's licenses and identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... identification cards. 37.21 Section 37.21 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation, Verification, and Card... may only issue a temporary or limited-term REAL ID driver's license or identification card to...

  16. The Cold Dark Matter Search test stand warm electronics card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hines, Bruce; /Colorado U., Denver; Hansen, Sten; /Fermilab; Huber, Martin; /Colorado U., Denver; Kiper, Terry; /Fermilab; Rau, Wolfgang; /Queen' s U., Kingston; Saab, Tarek; /Florida U.; Seitz, Dennis; Sundqvist, Kyle; /UC, Berkeley; Mandic, Vuk; /Minnesota U.

    2010-11-01

    A card which does the signal processing for four SQUID amplifiers and two charge sensitive channels is described. The card performs the same functions as is presently done with two custom 9U x 280mm Eurocard modules, a commercial multi-channel VME digitizer, a PCI to GPIB interface, a PCI to VME interface and a custom built linear power supply. By integrating these functions onto a single card and using the power over Ethernet standard, the infrastructure requirements for instrumenting a Cold Dark Matter Search (CDMS) detector test stand are significantly reduced.

  17. REMINDER PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN (ACCESS) CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    The period of validity of CERN (access) cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards.Relations with the Host States Service Tel. 72848

  18. REMINDER PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN (ACCESS) CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    The period of validity of CERN (access) cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards. Relations with the Host States Service http://www.cern.ch/relations/ Tel. 72848

  19. REMINDER - PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN (ACCESS) CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2003-01-01

    The period of validity of CERN (access) cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards. Relations with the Host States Service http://www.cern.ch/relations/ Tel. 72848

  20. Deuton-M Magnetic Tapes and Sheets for Cards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Magnetic stripe is one of the major applications of magnetic materials. As a key component of the present card technologies magnetic stripes play reliable components for electronic data interchange in worldwide electronic payment systems such as financial cards, transit tickets and phone cards, etc. Magnetic stripes are available in various coercivity materials, widths, lengths, structures and colors with each types of transferable, lamination and pressure sensitive magnetic tapes of Deuton-M. Manufacturing process, structure and characteristics of Deuton-M magnetic tape and sheet are described.

  1. Plain and Rolled Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Plain and Rolled Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 29 is being distributed for use in development and testing fingerprint matching systems. The data consist of 216 ten-print fingerprint card pairs with both the rolled and plains (from a bottom of the fingerprint card) scanned at 19.7 pixels per mm. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  2. Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs (Volumes 1-5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs (Volumes 1-5) (PC database for purchase)   The NIST database of mated fingerprint card pairs (Special Database 9) consists of multiple volumes. Currently five volumes have been released. Each volume will be a 3-disk set with each CD-ROM containing 90 mated card pairs of segmented 8-bit gray scale fingerprint images (900 fingerprint image pairs per CD-ROM). A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  3. General purpose reloadable prepaid cards : penetration, use, fees and fraud risks

    OpenAIRE

    Hayashi, Fumiko; Cuddy, Emily

    2014-01-01

    Prepaid cards are the most rapidly growing payment instrument. General purpose reloadable (GPR) prepaid cards, in particular, have gained considerable traction especially among the unbanked and underbanked. How these cards are used is now of acute interest to both policymakers, seeking to ensure broad access to electronic payment methods, consumer protection for prepaid cards, and payments system security, and to payment card industry participants, desiring to advance their product offerings ...

  4. Design and Implementation of a Collectable Trading Card Board Game and Game AI

    OpenAIRE

    Kristján Tryggvason 1986

    2015-01-01

    Both board games and collectible trading card games offer people an entertaining experience that requires formulating a strategy to win against an opponent. Trading card games, unlike board games, are traditionally played without using any kind of a board. However, by combining the two type of games we end up with a collectible card game with added strategic depth because of the complexities a two dimensional board adds. This allows the placement of cards and the card game gains new elements ...

  5. Kolonel Cristian Carde - tõeline klassik / Ingrid Randlaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randlaht, Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    Cristian Cardest, kes on Prantsuse Saumuri sõjaväelise kõrgema ratsakooli Cader Noir pearatsastaja olnud kaheksa aastat ning juhtinud ka Prantsusmaa aegade parimat koolisõidukoondist. Juunikuus Soomes Nummis toimunud Cristian Carde ratsakliinikust

  6. E-Payment Strategies of Bank Card Innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat,

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with the business st rategy in managing pay ment innovations. Particularly, the study looks at the smart card - electronic cash (e-cash innovation in the financial service industry. The smart card e-cash has yet to overcome obstacles to its diffusion. Given the e-commerce opportunity, banks and non-banks compete to deploy smart card technology for Internet use. A revi ew of previous payment innovations is also carried out to provide suggesting direction on the innovation proliferation. The paper firstly examines the payment market on the whole (the global review. The subsequent section discusses the challenges in the e-payment world and the strategies to support the diffusion of the smart card innovations.

  7. Design of an MRI quadrature-data acquisition card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A design of a quadrature-data acquisition card based on peripheral component interconnect (PCI) bus for mini-type magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system is reported. It uses two high speed analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) to sample the MRI signals and two static random access memories (SRAMs) to store the data which will be read to the computer by PCI bus after sampling. All the logic control signals on the card are generated by the field programmable gate array (FPGA). The software Foundation3.1 is used to design the FPGA and achieve useful result after simulating and implementing. The card has some merits that normal commercial cards do not have. For example, the sampling parameters can be varied according to different pulse sequences.

  8. Satisfaction with Service for Internet Medicare Replacement Cards

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This dataset contains results of Internet Report Card iRequest Survey conducted by mail between April and June 2014 using a brief scannable “report card” style...

  9. Ethics pocket cards: an educational tool for busy clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpe, Rebecca L; Levi, Benjamin H; Blackhall, George F; Green, Michael J

    2014-01-01

    The adage "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure" is widely used in healthcare settings and can be applied to the work of institutional clinical ethics committees. The model of clinical ethics consultation, however, is inherently reactive: a crisis or question emerges, and ethics experts are called to help. In an effort to employ a proactive component to the model of clinical ethics consultation (as well as to standardize our educational interventions), we developed ethics pocket cards. The purpose of this article is to: (1) describe the rationale for using ethics pocket cards, (2) provide examples of our cards, and (3) begin a dialogue about the potential uses of ethics pocket cards. In doing so, we hope to explore how such portable, economical devices can advance the goals of ethics consultation as well as the educational aims of ethics committees.

  10. Health Care Implementation by Means of Smart Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdy E. Elhennawy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Smart card technology is a reliable and proven solution that has had decades of use in various industries and is now making its mark on healthcare. It is portable, secure, and can hold health information. In this research, the smart card has been introduced in a new usage; it is used to control the referral process. It holds the control parameters that link between the referring entity and the referred entities. This leads to control the management of the claims in a timely and correct basis. The smart cards technology, in this research, have been used for: verifying citizen eligibility, registering recent citizen medical visits to family medical units as well as the corresponding visits to contracted providers besides the link between them, reporting, and facilitating claim management. Accordingly, the usage of smart cards in this way will add. The research allows remarkable improvements in the healthcare service provision.

  11. Secrets of a Flash Card-Carrying Teacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkes, Mel

    1983-01-01

    Eight ways to use flash cards in mathematics instruction are described. These games and other gimmicks help increase students' concentration, build memory skills, sharpen thinking skills, and enliven drills. (PP)

  12. Forum: House of Cards: Analyzing "Making Skills Everyone's Business "

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Clair, Ralf

    2015-01-01

    When policy is made in a particular area, not only does one have to decide what to do but why he/she is doing it. Any plan for action is like a house of cards. At the bottom, there are assumptions. They hold up the next layer, which is the definition of the problem. At the top is the response, what is to be done. If any of the lower cards is not…

  13. The card game 24 and its application to math education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Liping; Yang, Jie; Han, Xue; Velasquez, Loren

    2014-05-01

    The card game 24 is a mathematical game that traditionally engages elementary students to practice their mental computational skills. In this paper, we use probability to formulate and explore the game. We create score of difficulty level for solvable card combination set under various setup of game rules. Based on our findings, we create new playing rules and provide suggestions for different levels of players. Our results may serve as guidelines on introducing the game 24 into the practice of math education.

  14. Application of Hidden Markov Model in Credit Card Fraud Detection

    OpenAIRE

    V. Bhusari; Patil, S

    2011-01-01

    In modern retail market environment, electronic commerce has rapidly gained a lot of attention and alsoprovides instantaneous transactions. In electronic commerce, credit card has become the most importantmeans of payment due to fast development in information technology around the world. As the usage ofcredit card increases in the last decade, rate of fraudulent practices is also increasing every year.Existing fraud detection system may not be so much capable to reduce fraud transaction rate...

  15. Face Card: An Information-sharing Framework on Google Glass

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Weiren; Park, Miseon; Fan, Yuanzhe; Starner, Thad; Abowd, Gregory D.

    2016-01-01

    Wearable devices such as Google Glass can provide an efficient way to get around users information. We present Face Card, a system builds on Google Glass to provide information-sharing service with around people. With a look at Google Glass, users can quickly get information of nearby and coming users. Utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and proper user interface, Face Card demonstrates the potential of being an efficient information sharing system framework.

  16. Loyalty program of payment cards, solution based on DWH

    OpenAIRE

    Jersák, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    This diploma thesis is covering topics of customer's loyalty, loyalty programs in banking and mainly topic is loyalty programs of payment cards in banking industry. First theoretical parts is guiding us though concept of customer's loyalty in banking industry and is describing specifics of this loyalty compared to loyalty to sales businesses. Further, this thesis is trying to show opportunities to be used to support customer's loyalty in bank with participation of credit and debit cards. In t...

  17. Formal and Informal Regulations for Credit Card Payment Services

    OpenAIRE

    Guzin Gulsun Akin; Ahmet Faruk Aysan; Gültekin Gollu; Levent Yildiran

    2014-01-01

    The Turkish credit card market has recently undergone two important formal regulations: the interchange fee regulation in 2005 and the interest rate regulation in 2006. Banks started to charge annual fees to cardholders after the interest rate regulation, before which credit card ownership was costless. This practice sparked a widespread public outcry and legislative activity to control annual fees. Consumer unions vigorously called for regulations. They argued that in response to the fall in...

  18. Client-based CardSpace-Shibboleth Interoperation

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Sinani, Haitham; Mitchell, Chris J

    2012-01-01

    Whilst the growing number of identity management systems have the potential to reduce the threat of identity attacks, major deployment problems remain because of the lack of interoperability between such systems. In this paper we propose a simple, novel scheme to provide interoperability between two of the most widely discussed identity systems, namely CardSpace and Shibboleth. In this scheme, CardSpace users are able to obtain an assertion token from a Shibboleth-enabled identity provider...

  19. The Growth Potential of Debit Cards in Singapore

    OpenAIRE

    Heng, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    This paper starts by examining the evolution of the Singapore payments system from a historical perspective by reviewing the institutional evolution, as well as the development and adoption of some of the newest payment instruments. Two major trends in recent Singapore payment history are revealed, i.e. cash and check payments are being displaced by credit and debit card and other electronic mode of payments and usage of debit cards is seeing significant growth. From the literature revie...

  20. The adaptor molecule CARD9 is essential for tuberculosis control

    OpenAIRE

    Dorhoi, Anca; Desel, Christiane; Yeremeev, Vladimir; Pradl, Lydia; Brinkmann, Volker; Mollenkopf, Hans J; Hanke, Karin; Gross, Olaf; Ruland, Jürgen; Stefan H. E. Kaufmann

    2010-01-01

    The cross talk between host and pathogen starts with recognition of bacterial signatures through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), which mobilize downstream signaling cascades. We investigated the role of the cytosolic adaptor caspase recruitment domain family, member 9 (CARD9) in tuberculosis. This adaptor was critical for full activation of innate immunity by converging signals downstream of multiple PRRs. Card9(-/-) mice succumbed early after aerosol infection, with higher mycobacteria...

  1. Evaluation of slim-edge, multi-guard, and punch-through-protection structures before and after proton irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Planar geometry silicon pixel and strip sensors for the high luminosity upgrade of the LHC (HL-LHC) require a high bias voltage of 1000 V in order to withstand a radiation damage caused by particle fluences of 1×1016 1 MeV neq/cm2 and 1×1015 1 MeV neq/cm2 for pixel and strip detectors, respectively. In order to minimize the inactive edge space that can withstand a bias voltage of 1000 V, edge regions susceptible to microdischarge (MD) should be carefully optimized. We fabricated diodes with various edge distances (slim-edge diodes) and with 1–3 multiple guard rings (multi-guard diodes). AC coupling insulators of strip sensors are vulnerable to sudden heavy charge deposition, such as an accidental beam splash, which may destroy the readout AC capacitors. Thus various types of punch-through-protection (PTP) structures were implemented in order to find the most effective structure to protect against heavy charge deposition. These samples were irradiated with 70 MeV protons at fluences of 5×1012 1 MeV neq/cm2–1×1016 1 MeV neq/cm2. Their performances were evaluated before and after irradiation in terms of an onset voltage of the MD, a turn-on voltage of the PTP, and PTP saturation resistance. -- Highlights: ► We have evaluated radiation tolerance of n-in-p sensors up to 1×1016 1 MeV neq/cm2. ► Both n-bulk and p-bulk require a field width≥450 μm in order to withstand 1000 V. ► The MD onset voltage was found to be independent of the edge width. ► With increasing number of guard rings, bias voltage tolerance improved before irrad. ► BZ4D-5 (with full extension) performs the best among the samples.

  2. Identifying the unique ground motion signatures of supershear earthquakes - The one-two punch effect on high-rise buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosakis, A.; Mello, M.; Bhat, H.; Krishnan, S.; Kanamori, H.

    2011-12-01

    Directly studying earthquakes presents a host of insurmountable difficulties, the least of which is our inability to trigger earthquakes of various magnitudes at will and the lack of means of scrutinizing the behavior at depth while the quake propagates. We have developed techniques to produce miniature (or surrogate) laboratory earthquakes and follow their progress with high-speed imaging tools. Our laboratory quakes mimic actual ones, and have allowed us to demonstrate the existence of ruptures of super-shear or intersonic rupture speeds. The propagating fronts of such supershear ruptures feature a Mach-cone of shear shock waves similar to that of supersonic aircraft. For earthquake ruptures transitioning from sub-Rayleigh to supershear rupture speeds, this unusual shear Mach cone feature is also followed by a trailing Rayleigh disturbance which is all that remains of the old sub-Rayleigh rupture after transition is complete. Each propagating disturbance contributes to the unique ground motion signature in the near field. We refer to this as a one-two punch scenario. In particular, ground motion associated with passage of the shear Mach features a dominant fault-parallel velocity component while ground motion from the trailing Rayleigh field is characterized by a dominant fault-normal velocity component (characteristic of common, sub-shear earthquake ruptures). Appropriate scaling of the laboratory ground velocity measurements are used to shake 3-D numerical models of high-rise buildings (located in near fault locations) with hypothetical supershear and sub-Rayleigh earthquakes with unexpected implication to building safety and seismic hazard analysis.

  3. 2004 report card on climate change action

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coon, D. [Conservation Council of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada); Thorp, J. [Clean Water Fund, MA (United States)

    2004-06-01

    In 2001, the New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers developed 9 action items to guide the actions and policies of the states and provinces in meeting the long-term goal of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 1990 levels by 2010, reducing regional GHG emissions by at least 10 per cent below 1990 levels by 2010, and reducing regional GHG emissions by 75 to 85 per cent in the long-term. This Report Card evaluates the progress of each state and province towards meeting the regional emissions goals. It evaluates various jurisdictions on 8 of 9 specific action items identified in the Climate Change Action Plan. A letter grade was assigned for each item, as well as an overall grade for each state and province. The report identifies the progress made since 2001 by each state and province. The Report Card reveals that there is much variation between the states and provinces in terms of their activities to reduce GHG emissions. The areas that need improvement include: a need for current and uniform emissions data across the region; states and provinces need to draft and release comprehensive climate plans; states and provinces need to sufficiently address the largest pollution sources such as the transportation and power sectors; and, states and provinces need to promote public awareness about climate change. The 9 specific action steps in the Climate Change Action Plan include: (1) the establishment of a regional standardized GHG emissions inventory, (2) the establishment of a plan for reducing GHG emissions and conserving energy, (3) the promotion of public awareness, (4) State and Provincial Governments to lead by example, (5) the reduction of GHG from the electricity sector, (6) the reduction of the total energy demand through conservation, (7) the reduction or adaptation of negative social, economic and environmental impacts of climate change, (8) a decrease in the transportation sector's growth in GHG emissions, and (9) the creation of a

  4. Recording actions to prevent child morbidity in children's health cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Daniele de Souza; Santos, Nathanielly Cristina Carvalho de Brito; Costa, Dayse Kalyne Gomes da; Pereira, Mayara de Melo; Vaz, Elenice Maria Cecchetti; Reichert, Altamira Pereira da Silva

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the registering of preventative actions in relation to child morbidity using information regarding vaccinations, as well as iron and vitamin A supplements, which are recorded in children's health cards. This transversal study used a quantitative approach and was performed in Family Health Units in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba; the sampling was by convenience and totaled 116 children's health cards. The data was collected by observing the cards and the analysis was simple, statistical. The highest percentage of children had their vaccination cards up to date (92.2%) and those that did not were aged between 6 and 12 months: 78.9% of the cards did not have records relating to iron and vitamin A supplements and others only had records of one of the supplements being administered. The vaccination status of children in the first year of life was found to be satisfactory; however, discrepancies were observed in the recordings of the administration of iron and vitamin A supplements, which complicates monitoring performed by child health care professionals. It is hoped that this study will contribute to discussions and strategies aimed at improving the monitoring and recording of micronutrients in children's health cards. PMID:27383363

  5. Spectroscopic Studies on the Characterization of a Persian Playing Card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holakooei, Parviz; Niknejad, Maryam; Vaccaro, Carmela

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents the results of our investigations on a playing card preserved at The Mūzih-i Āynih va Rushanāī in Yazd, Iran. Conducting micro X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (μ-XRF), micro-Raman spectroscopy (μ-Raman), infrared reflectography (IRR), ultraviolet fluorescence photography, radiography, and optical microscopy, various paints applied on the playing card were identified. According to our analytical studies, red, green, blue, black, and gold-like metallic paints were identified to be a red monoazo pigment (β-naphthol PR 53:1), chrome green, artificial ultramarine blue, carbon black, and brass powder (Dutch metal powder), respectively, dating the playing card to 1895 onward based on the manufacturing date of the red monoazo pigment. Barite was also shown to be mixed with the pigments as an extender. On the other hand, the portrait's face of the playing card was peculiarly blackened. Our analytical approach toward characterizing the blackened face showed that the black paint was achieved by carbon black and, in other words, the face was not blackened due to the darkening of Pb-bearing pigments. Moreover, it was shown that there was no underdrawing under the black face and the black paint was most probably executed in the same time with the other paints. Considering the possible use of the playing card, it was suggested not to remove the blackened face in the cleaning process since the black paint was a part of the integrity of the playing card.

  6. A new service to ensure that PXI cards perform correctly

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2013-01-01

    The PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation) card is an electronic module used in association with a PC to improve the performance of measurement and automation systems. At CERN, many systems use PXI cards. With the long shutdown providing ideal timing, a new interdepartmental initiative has created a PXI card calibration service. Don’t miss out!   Christine Leroy-Jonckx and Benjamin Ninet (next to the new calibration machine), display their National Instruments diplomas. PXI cards are used in both laboratories and accelerators, for test beds, data acquisition systems, installation testing, etc. “A survey of CERN PXI equipment users carried out in 2011 showed that there were more than 1500 cards and about 50 different models in use,” says Hubert Reymond, responsible for PXI support and promotion at CERN. “As for all electronic systems, the performance of these cards can vary over time. So for some of them, calibration is nece...

  7. A child health report card: 1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, C L; Wynder, E L

    1993-07-01

    It is because of statistics like the ones included above in the Report Card that the health of our children has become a topic of great concern. These statistics, however, reflect only a small piece of a much larger problem, which includes child poverty, child neglect, child abuse, family disintegration, educational failure, violence, and crime. Indeed the biggest threats to child health have roots in the past and present core of our social and environmental conditions. Improving the health of our children will require innovative and comprehensive approaches that include health education, health services, and family support. The cost of our failure to fund preventive programs in the area of child and family health is significant and mounting. Prenatal care for a pregnant women for 9 months cost about $600; however, medical care for a premature baby for only one day may cost more than four times as much ($2,500). Similar comparisons for the cost of prevention versus treatment are listed in Table 8. It is clear that unless we as a nation place more emphasis on funding preventive medicine, the health of our children will continue to suffer, with grave consequences for the future of our country. PMID:8415515

  8. Smart Cards Applications in the Healthcare System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Oltean

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Current medical system based on medical records and health books is outdated and no longer meets the new requirements. Essential information security in terms of data privacy, integrity and authenticity, is not assured. Healthcare fraud with medical records is quite easy, because there is no security features to prevent this. Obtaining prescription drugs is slowly, the patient is forced in most cases, to go to the pharmacy staff to get their prescription. Another issue is data portability because each clinic can use a proprietary format of medical records, which is not always standardized. Modern and efficient healthcare system can be achieved by introducing smart cards and related software. Their introduction in addition to the portability and data security, reduce costs for both patient and medical institutions. The result will be increase confidence and patient satisfaction in medical institutions. Developed software package includes software applications which manage medical archive to smartcard, in a secure form and a software module which can be used for e-commerce transactions. All developed software application meets current standards for data security. Implementation of such solutions in practice would significantly reduce current costs in healthcare system.

  9. Comprehensive aerological reference data set (CARDS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eskridge, R.E.; Polansky, A.C.; Alduchov, O.A. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Asheville, NC (United States). National Climatic Data Center] [and others

    1997-11-01

    The possibility of anthropogenic climate change has reached the attention of Government officials and researchers. However, one cannot study climate change without climate data. The CARDS project will produce high-quality upper-air data for the research community and for policy-makers. The authors intend to produce a dataset which is: easy to use, as complete as possible, as free of random errors as possible. They will also attempt to identify biases and remove them whenever possible. In this report, they relate progress toward their goal. They created a robust new format for archiving upper-air data, and designed a relational database structure to hold them. The authors have converted 13 datasets to the new format and have archived over 10,000,000 individual soundings from 10 separate data sources. They produce and archive a metadata summary of each sounding they load. They have researched station histories, and have built a preliminary upper-air station history database. They have converted station-sorted data from their primary database into synoptic-sorted data in a parallel database. They have tested and will soon implement an advanced quality-control procedure, capable of detecting and often repairing errors in geopotential height, temperature, humidity, and wind. This unique quality-control method uses simultaneous vertical, horizontal, and temporal checks of several meteorological variables. It can detect errors other methods cannot.

  10. National report card on energy efficiency : 5. annual report card on government activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    This annual report card assesses the environmental performance of the federal, provincial and territorial governments in Canada to provide Canadians with an indication of the level of commitment at various levels of government in incorporating energy efficiency measures in policy processes. The federal government as well as each province and territory received scores on the familiar A to F scale for the following 10 categories: programs and public outreach; the Energy Efficiency Act; building codes; energy business plans; in-house programs; regulation on energy markets; access to government information; related policy developments; performance; and evaluation activities. The report card provides Canadians with a measure of Canada's Kyoto commitments to reduce national greenhouse gases and to conserve energy in view of energy supply uncertainties and increasing energy prices. For 2004, the federal government, Quebec and the Yukon had consistently high scores. Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Prince Edward Island showed the greatest improvement in energy efficiency. The Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and British Columbia showed solid performance, while Alberta and Ontario did not did not show their full potential. However, recent developments look promising. Newfoundland and Labrador experienced a continuous downward trend. The Alliance is generally satisfied that most jurisdictions have energy efficiency programs in place. tab., 1 fig.

  11. National report card on energy efficiency: Fourth annual report card on government activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-04-01

    The objective of this fourth annual report card produced by the Canadian Energy Efficiency Alliance is, as before, to identify government commitments to energy efficiency and to raise the awareness and importance of providing the necessary mechanisms that support energy efficiency in the market place. For the first time this year, the report card includes an assessment of the role of crown utilities and local distribution utilities in the promotion of energy efficiency. Their results were combined with those of the provincial government to develop a aggregate grade for each province. The ratings are based on ten categories, encompassing building codes, energy efficiency legislation, regulatory infrastructure, programs and public outreach, in-house programs, innovative new programs, performance and evaluation, climate change and Voluntary Change Registry reporting, and access to government information. Performance is rated by way of a narrative summary and a letter grade which represents the aggregate of performance in all ten categories. Best performance was recorded by Quebec, followed by the Yukon, the Federal Government, the Northwest Territories, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Alberta, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Saskatchewan, in that order.

  12. 生瓷带打孔机冲孔单元的质量提升%Quality Improvement of Punching Unit for LTCC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨卫; 王海珍; 斯迎军

    2016-01-01

    The green tape punching machine is one of the key equipment of the LTCC multi-layer substrate manufacture. Punching unit is the core component of the equipment. However, with the long-term application, it had been found that as the gap between the pin and the die decreased, the edge quality of the hole was getting worse. Through the experiment, the pin was damaged when it declined. The factors which causes needle damage were analyzed with fishbone diagrams. By improving the guidance stiffness, the processing technology, the stability of punching unit was improved greatly. At last, it was proved by field experiment that the improvements accorded with production requirement and the performances were also improved.%生瓷带打孔机是LTCC多层基板制造的关键工艺设备,冲孔单元是其核心部件,用来完成冲孔动作。在长期使用过程中发现,随着冲针与凹模之间的间隙减小,孔的边缘质量越来越差。通过试验观察,冲针在下降冲孔时受损。运用鱼骨图分析冲针受损的原因,通过提高导向刚度、完善零件加工工艺和整改装配过程不符合项等措施,提升冲孔单元质量。通过客户现场使用验证,改进后的冲孔单元冲孔质量稳定可靠,满足生产使用需求,性能得到提升。

  13. GeneCards Version 3: the human gene integrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Marilyn; Dalah, Irina; Alexander, Justin; Rosen, Naomi; Iny Stein, Tsippi; Shmoish, Michael; Nativ, Noam; Bahir, Iris; Doniger, Tirza; Krug, Hagit; Sirota-Madi, Alexandra; Olender, Tsviya; Golan, Yaron; Stelzer, Gil; Harel, Arye; Lancet, Doron

    2010-01-01

    GeneCards (www.genecards.org) is a comprehensive, authoritative compendium of annotative information about human genes, widely used for nearly 15 years. Its gene-centric content is automatically mined and integrated from over 80 digital sources, resulting in a web-based deep-linked card for each of >73,000 human gene entries, encompassing the following categories: protein coding, pseudogene, RNA gene, genetic locus, cluster and uncategorized. We now introduce GeneCards Version 3, featuring a speedy and sophisticated search engine and a revamped, technologically enabling infrastructure, catering to the expanding needs of biomedical researchers. A key focus is on gene-set analyses, which leverage GeneCards' unique wealth of combinatorial annotations. These include the GeneALaCart batch query facility, which tabulates user-selected annotations for multiple genes and GeneDecks, which identifies similar genes with shared annotations, and finds set-shared annotations by descriptor enrichment analysis. Such set-centric features address a host of applications, including microarray data analysis, cross-database annotation mapping and gene-disorder associations for drug targeting. We highlight the new Version 3 database architecture, its multi-faceted search engine, and its semi-automated quality assurance system. Data enhancements include an expanded visualization of gene expression patterns in normal and cancer tissues, an integrated alternative splicing pattern display, and augmented multi-source SNPs and pathways sections. GeneCards now provides direct links to gene-related research reagents such as antibodies, recombinant proteins, DNA clones and inhibitory RNAs and features gene-related drugs and compounds lists. We also portray the GeneCards Inferred Functionality Score annotation landscape tool for scoring a gene's functional information status. Finally, we delineate examples of applications and collaborations that have benefited from the GeneCards suite. Database

  14. PSORS2 is due to mutations in CARD14.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Catherine T; Cao, Li; Roberson, Elisha D O; Pierson, Katherine C; Yang, Chi-Fan; Joyce, Cailin E; Ryan, Caitriona; Duan, Shenghui; Helms, Cynthia A; Liu, Yin; Chen, Yongqing; McBride, Alison A; Hwu, Wuh-Liang; Wu, Jer-Yuarn; Chen, Yuan-Tsong; Menter, Alan; Goldbach-Mansky, Raphaela; Lowes, Michelle A; Bowcock, Anne M

    2012-05-01

    Psoriasis is a common, immune-mediated genetic disorder of the skin and is associated with arthritis in approximately 30% of cases. Previously, we localized PSORS2 (psoriasis susceptibility locus 2) to chromosomal region 17q25.3-qter after a genome-wide linkage scan in a family of European ancestry with multiple cases of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Linkage to PSORS2 was also observed in a Taiwanese family with multiple psoriasis-affected members. In caspase recruitment domain family, member 14 (CARD14), we identified unique gain-of-function mutations that segregated with psoriasis by using genomic capture and DNA sequencing. The mutations c.349G>A (p.Gly117Ser) (in the family of European descent) and c.349+5G>A (in the Taiwanese family) altered splicing between CARD14 exons 3 and 4. A de novo CARD14 mutation, c.413A>C (p.Glu138Ala), was detected in a child with sporadic, early-onset, generalized pustular psoriasis. CARD14 activates nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB), and compared with wild-type CARD14, the p.Gly117Ser and p.Glu138Ala substitutions were shown to lead to enhanced NF-kB activation and upregulation of a subset of psoriasis-associated genes in keratinocytes. These genes included chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 20 (CCL20) and interleukin 8 (IL8). CARD14 is localized mainly in the basal and suprabasal layers of healthy skin epidermis, whereas in lesional psoriatic skin, it is reduced in the basal layer and more diffusely upregulated in the suprabasal layers of the epidermis. We propose that, after a triggering event that can include epidermal injury, rare gain-of-function mutations in CARD14 initiate a process that includes inflammatory cell recruitment by keratinocytes. This perpetuates a vicious cycle of epidermal inflammation and regeneration, a cycle which is the hallmark of psoriasis.

  15. GeneCards Version 3: the human gene integrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Marilyn; Dalah, Irina; Alexander, Justin; Rosen, Naomi; Iny Stein, Tsippi; Shmoish, Michael; Nativ, Noam; Bahir, Iris; Doniger, Tirza; Krug, Hagit; Sirota-Madi, Alexandra; Olender, Tsviya; Golan, Yaron; Stelzer, Gil; Harel, Arye; Lancet, Doron

    2010-01-01

    GeneCards (www.genecards.org) is a comprehensive, authoritative compendium of annotative information about human genes, widely used for nearly 15 years. Its gene-centric content is automatically mined and integrated from over 80 digital sources, resulting in a web-based deep-linked card for each of >73,000 human gene entries, encompassing the following categories: protein coding, pseudogene, RNA gene, genetic locus, cluster and uncategorized. We now introduce GeneCards Version 3, featuring a speedy and sophisticated search engine and a revamped, technologically enabling infrastructure, catering to the expanding needs of biomedical researchers. A key focus is on gene-set analyses, which leverage GeneCards' unique wealth of combinatorial annotations. These include the GeneALaCart batch query facility, which tabulates user-selected annotations for multiple genes and GeneDecks, which identifies similar genes with shared annotations, and finds set-shared annotations by descriptor enrichment analysis. Such set-centric features address a host of applications, including microarray data analysis, cross-database annotation mapping and gene-disorder associations for drug targeting. We highlight the new Version 3 database architecture, its multi-faceted search engine, and its semi-automated quality assurance system. Data enhancements include an expanded visualization of gene expression patterns in normal and cancer tissues, an integrated alternative splicing pattern display, and augmented multi-source SNPs and pathways sections. GeneCards now provides direct links to gene-related research reagents such as antibodies, recombinant proteins, DNA clones and inhibitory RNAs and features gene-related drugs and compounds lists. We also portray the GeneCards Inferred Functionality Score annotation landscape tool for scoring a gene's functional information status. Finally, we delineate examples of applications and collaborations that have benefited from the GeneCards suite. Database

  16. Interaction between NOD2 and CARD9 involves the NOD2 NACHT and the linker region between the NOD2 CARDs and NACHT domain

    OpenAIRE

    Parkhouse, Rhiannon; Boyle, Joseph P; Mayle, Sophie; Sawmynaden, Kovilen; Rittinger, Katrin; Monie, Tom P.

    2014-01-01

    NOD2 activation by muramyl dipeptide causes a proinflammatory immune response in which the adaptor protein CARD9 works synergistically with NOD2 to drive p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signalling. To date the nature of the interaction between NOD2 and CARD9 remains undetermined. Here we show that this interaction is not mediated by the CARDs of NOD2 and CARD9 as previously suggested, but that NOD2 possesses two interaction sites for CARD9; one in the CARD–NACHT linker and one in the NA...

  17. States at Risk: America's Preparedness Report Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, R. M. S.; Strauss, B.; Kulp, S. A.; Bronzan, J.; Rodehorst, B.; Bhat, C.; Dix, B.; Savonis, M.; Wiles, R.

    2015-12-01

    Many states are already experiencing the costly impacts of extreme climate and weather events. The occurrence, frequency and intensity of these events may change under future climates. Preparing for these changes takes time, and state government agencies and communities need to recognize the risks they could potentially face and the response actions already undertaken. The States at Risk: America's Preparedness Report Card project is the first-ever study that quantifies five climate-change-driven hazards, and the relevant state government response actions in each of the 50 states. The changing characteristics of extreme heat, drought, wildfires, inland and coastal flooding were assessed for the baseline period (around year 2000) through the years 2030 and 2050 across all 50 states. Bias-corrected statistically-downscaled (BCSD) climate projections (Reclamation, 2013) and hydrology projections (Reclamation, 2014) from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) under RCP8.5 were used. The climate change response action analysis covers five critical sectors: Transportation, Energy, Water, Human Health and Communities. It examined whether there is evidence that the state is taking action to (1) reduce current risks, (2) raise its awareness of future risks, (3) plan for adaptation to the future risks, and (4) implement specific actions to reduce future risks for each applicable hazards. Results from the two analyses were aggregated and translated into a rating system that standardizes assessments across states, which can be easily understood by both technical and non-technical audiences. The findings in this study not only serve as a screening tool for states to recognize the hazards they could potentially face as climate changes, but also serve as a roadmap for states to address the gaps in response actions, and to improve climate preparedness and resilience.

  18. Valutazione economica dello studio CARDS: un aggiornamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona de Portu

    2011-05-01

    clinical trial evaluating efficacy of atorvastatin versus placebo in preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular events in a cohort of type II diabetes patients without previous history of coronary events. A cost-effectiveness analysis in the perspective of the National Healthcare System (SSN has been performed, under the hypothesis of the imminent price reduction of atorvastatin, due to the loss of exclusivity. Results: after a median follow up of 3.9 years, the number of patients with at least a major cardiovascular event requiring hospitalization was lower in the atorvastatin arm (5.8% compared to the placebo arm (9.0%; p=0.001. Based on a cohort of 1,000 patients, treatment with atorvastatin permitted to gain 29.28 life years. The incremental cost of adding atorvastatin to the standard therapy amounted to €305,682, and was partially balanced by a cost reduction due to fewer hospitalizations, compared to the placebo arm (€ 168,313. Total direct costs were of €602.186 in the atorvastatin group and of € 464,818 in the placebo group, resulting into an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of € 4,692 for Life Year Gained (LYG. Conclusion: the present study is an update of a previous economic analysis of the CARDS trial. Under the assumed new cost scenario, the cost-effectiveness profile of treating diabetic patients with atorvastatin becomes highly favourable, and leads to a significant reduction of the cost for Life Year Gained compared to the previous findings.

  19. Punching the Market Softly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese central bank’s recent moves are only a goodwill gesture to a presumably overheating economy The Chinese central bank has never acted so aggressively, yet its forceful undertakings have had little impact on the surging stock market.

  20. PCI card with DMA capabilities for digital imaging detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fanti, Viviana [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita, INFN Sezione di Cagliari, S.P. per Sestu km. 0.7, 09042 Monserrato (Canada) (Italy); Marzeddu, Roberto [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita, INFN Sezione di Cagliari, S.P. per Sestu km. 0.7, 09042 Monserrato (Canada) (Italy)]. E-mail: roberto.marzeddu@ca.infn.it; Randaccio, Paolo [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita, INFN Sezione di Cagliari, S.P. per Sestu km. 0.7, 09042 Monserrato (CA) (Italy)

    2006-07-01

    A readout card based on the standard PCI 32-bit/33 MHz bus has been developed for the fast readout of digital systems. The PCI card exploits a PCI bridge chip with Direct Memory Access (DMA) capabilities which permits to obtain a measured throughput up to 90 Mbytes/s. The PCI card has two high-density 80-pin connectors for data I/O; an external system acquisition card can be connected through two flat cables. A powerful programmable logic FPGA provides the management of the I/O lines; by default, 32 input and 32 output single-ended lines (CMOS) plus six LVDS lines are provided, but the FPGA allows several different I/O configurations depending on the specific application requirements. Another programmable device manages the control and status signals of the local bus and the Synchronous Static RAM available for data storage. Due to its main features like the configurable I/O patterns and the high throughput, this PCI card is suitable for applications like the fast readout of imaging acquisition systems.

  1. REMINDER - FRENCH CARDS - NEW PROCEDURE FOR INITIAL APPLICATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division would like to remind members of personnel that they are obliged to submit an application form for a French card as soon as they have a permanent address in either Switzerland or in France and they are actually living there. Following the rationalization of our administrative procedures, as of October 1st, 2002, the initial application procedure for a French card will now be as follows: The member of personnel should complete an application form. If necessary, an application form must also be completed for family members. These forms must then be transferred via e-mail to the appropriate Divisional Administrative Officer (DAO) who will forward them to the Cards Service. In parallel, the member of personnel should submit the necessary supporting documents to the Cards Service. Users are requested to apply for a French card through the Users' Office. The application form (Word format only), the procedural details, the necessary supporting documents as well as the conditions of issue ...

  2. Cipher for smart card using Unicode, length and position

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natang. A. Salgia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Smart cards have become a common thing today. Smart cards with various utilities are used today since they are easy to carry and relatively secured. But due to advancement of technologies, smart cards are becoming increasingly insecure. A paper from certain conference suggested a new encryption algorithm to keep the information secured in smart cards and to overcome forgery attacks. It claims that, on an average, even a supercomputer will take 101084 years to decrypt, which is much higher than the previous proposals. It makes use of the length of the PIN, and the position and the Unicode value of every character in the PIN along with a secret key to create cipher text. Also, final cipher text is formed by combining two different cipher texts, one from date and time and another from PIN and secret key. And only this final cipher text is saved on the smart card making this algorithm further more secured. But few anomalies were noticed in it. Firstly, the cipher text generated using proposed formula for encryption makes securing it using position problematic. Secondly, the formula given in actual paper misses an important step, without which decryption process gives wrong output. With proposed changes these problems are eradicated and the algorithm becomes more difficult to hack.

  3. Bah humbug: Unexpected Christmas cards and the reciprocity norm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Brian P

    2016-01-01

    The reciprocity norm refers to the expectation that people will help those who helped them. A well-known study revealed that the norm is strong with Christmas cards, with 20% of people reciprocating a Christmas card received from a stranger. I attempted to conceptually replicate and extend this effect. In Study 1, 755 participants received a Christmas card supposedly from a more- versus less-similar stranger. The reciprocation rate was unexpectedly low (2%), which did not allow for a test of a similarity effect. Two potential reasons for this low rate were examined in Study 2 in which 494 participants reported their likelihood of reciprocating a Christmas card from a stranger as well as their felt suspicions/threat about the card and their frequency of e-mail use. Reciprocation likelihood was negatively correlated with perceived threat/suspicion and e-mail use. It appears that reciprocating a gift from a stranger in offline settings may be less likely than expected.

  4. Structural Equality Model Study for Credit Card Attitude Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray GİRGİNER

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to search for the validity and reliability of the Credit Card Attitude Scale developed by Girginer and her team (2008 grounding on the scale which had been formed by Hayhoe and his team (1999 with the help of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA. The scale in question had been modified for the high education students living in Turkey. Data of the survey made in 2008 was used in this study, too. Findings of the study exhibited that validity degree of the scale with four dimensions formed by CFA was higher than the validity degree of the scale with five dimensions formed by Explanatory Factor Analysis. Goodness of fit indicators calculated for the structural model took place in the goodness of fit limits. The Structural Equation Model (SEM established with the idea that the attitudes towards credit card usage in anxiety, cognitive and affective dimensions affected credit card usage behaviours, was found to be significant statistically. According to the results of the SEM, anxiety attitudes have the greatest positive effect (0.53 on the behaviours. Also it was found that students have tendency to use more credit cards of different kinds for decreasing their financial risks when their anxieties related with credit card usage get more and more.

  5. Biometric authentication for ID cards with hologram watermarks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croce Ferri, Lucilla; Mayerhoefer, Astrid; Frank, Marcus; Vielhauer, Claus; Steinmetz, Ralf

    2002-04-01

    We present an analysis of a new technique for the authentication of ID cardholders, based on the integration of a biometrics-based authentication system with digital watermarks. The chosen biometric authentication method is the dynamic signature verification of the ID cardholder, while we use a specific integrity watermark technique we developed, called Hologram Watermark, to embed and retrieve the off-line data onto an ID card. We take advantage of the fact, that two static biometric features (images of the user's face and signature) are already integral part of ID cards for manual verification and extent the stored biometric information by embedding on-line handwriting features of the signature as holographic watermarks in the overall image information of an ID card. Manipulation of any of the image information can be detected and will further disallow biometric verification of the forger. The Hologram Watermark technique produces content-related data using computer-generated hologram coding techniques. These data are embedded with watermarking techniques into the personal data printed on an ID card. The content-related data in this specific application are the dynamic features of the cardholder's signature. The main goal of this paper is to analyze the suitability of dynamic signature verification in combination with the Hologram Watermark technique, to facilitate automated user authentication based on information transparently embedded in ID cards.

  6. Clinical evaluation of the Vitek Neisseria-Haemophilus Identification card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janda, W M; Malloy, P J; Schreckenberger, P C

    1987-01-01

    A clinical evaluation of the Vitek Neisseria-Haemophilus Identification (NHI) card (Vitek Systems, Inc., Hazelwood, Mo.) was performed with 480 clinical isolates and stock strains of Neisseria spp., Haemophilus spp., and other fastidious microorganisms included in the data base of the system. Identifications obtained with the NHI card were compared with those determined by conventional methods. The card identified 83.2% of 244 Neisseria spp. and Branhamella catarrhalis, 54.9% of 164 Haemophilus spp., and 84.7% of 72 fastidious gram-negative species with no further testing required. Some isolates produced good confidence-marginal separation identifications, in which the correct identification was listed with one or two other possible identifications and extra tests were required and suggested. When isolates producing good confidence-marginal separation identifications were included, correct identifications of these organism groups increased to 97.1, 92.7, and 94.4%, respectively. Among the commonly isolated microorganisms, the NHI card identified 99.1% of 110 N. gonorrhoeae, 98.5% of 68 N. meningitidis, 93.9% of 98 H. influenzae, and 95.6% of 46 H. parainfluenzae strains. All of these organisms produced excellent to very good confidence level identifications except for H. influenzae biotypes II, III, and VII, for which hemolytic reactions were required for differentiation from H. haemolyticus. The NHI card reliably identified other fastidious gram-negative species, including H. aphrophilus, Eikenella corrodens, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Kingella denitrificans.

  7. A Proposal for a Privacy-preserving National Identity Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves Deswarte

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose to replace the national identity card, currently used in many countries, by a personal device that allows its user to prove some binary statements about him while minimizing personal information leakage. The privacy of the user is protected through the use of anonymous credentials that, allows him to prove binary statements about himself to another entity without having to disclose his identity or any unnecessary information. The proposed scheme also prevents the possibility of tracing the user, even if he proves several times the same statement (unlinkability property. A tamper-proof smartcard is used to store the personal information of the user thus protecting his privacy and preventing the risks of forgery at the same time. The user identifies himself to the card via biometrics thus forbidding an unauthorized use in the situationwhere the card is stolen or lost. Two implementation proposals of the privacy-preserving identity card are described and discussed, and should be experimented on Java Cards in a near future. Possible extensions are also proposed as future work.

  8. CARD11 blockade suppresses murine collagen-induced arthritis via inhibiting CARD11/Bcl10 assembly and T helper type 17 response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, H; Zhao, J; Zhang, H; Huang, Y; Wang, S; Tu, Q; Yang, N

    2014-05-01

    The scaffold protein caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 11 (CARD11) is implicated in the regulation of inflammation and autoimmunity. The present study aimed to explore the role of CARD11 in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were treated with either CARD11-targeted interfering RNA (CARD11 siRNA) or control siRNA by intraperitoneal injection every 3 days after CIA establishment. The clinical score of arthritis was recorded every other day. Synovial inflammation and cartilage erosion were evaluated by histology and microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Serum anti-type II collagen (anti-CII) antibodies and cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The CARD11/Bcl10 formation and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation was assessed by immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting, and the percentage of T helper type 17 (Th17) cells was determined by flow cytometry. Systemic administration of CARD11 siRNA significantly reduced the clinical score of CIA severity. As indicated by the histology, joint inflammation and destruction were attenuated by CARD11 siRNA treatment. Micro-CT demonstrated less severe joint destruction in CARD11 siRNA-treated mice than in control mice. CARD11 siRNA treatment resulted in inhibition of CARD11/Bcl10 formation and the subsequent NF-κB activation. In addition, treatment with CARD11 siRNA resulted in a pronounced decrease in proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and IL-17. Serum anti-CII antibody and the percentage of Th17 cells were also significantly reduced. CARD11 is involved in the pathogenesis of CIA by formation of the CARD11/Bcl10 complex and enhancement of the Th17 cell response. Targeting CARD11 provides a novel research direction in the development of therapeutic strategies for RA.

  9. Ubiquitin Ligase TRIM62 Regulates CARD9-Mediated Anti-fungal Immunity and Intestinal Inflammation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Zhifang; Conway, Kara L; Heath, Robert J; Rush, Jason S; Leshchiner, Elizaveta S; Ramirez-Ortiz, Zaida G; Nedelsky, Natalia B; Huang, Hailiang; Ng, Aylwin; Gardet, Agnès; Cheng, Shih-Chin; Shamji, Alykhan F; Rioux, John D; Wijmenga, Cisca; Netea, Mihai G; Means, Terry K; Daly, Mark J; Xavier, Ramnik J

    2015-10-20

    CARD9 is a central component of anti-fungal innate immune signaling via C-type lectin receptors, and several immune-related disorders are associated with CARD9 alterations. Here, we used a rare CARD9 variant that confers protection against inflammatory bowel disease as an entry point to investigating CARD9 regulation. We showed that the protective variant of CARD9, which is C-terminally truncated, acted in a dominant-negative manner for CARD9-mediated cytokine production, indicating an important role for the C terminus in CARD9 signaling. We identified TRIM62 as a CARD9 binding partner and showed that TRIM62 facilitated K27-linked poly-ubiquitination of CARD9. We identified K125 as the ubiquitinated residue on CARD9 and demonstrated that this ubiquitination was essential for CARD9 activity. Furthermore, we showed that similar to Card9-deficient mice, Trim62-deficient mice had increased susceptibility to fungal infection. In this study, we utilized a rare protective allele to uncover a TRIM62-mediated mechanism for regulation of CARD9 activation. PMID:26488816

  10. Surgical report cards: the myth and the reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Alan

    2009-09-01

    There seems no good reason for doctors to work in secret. Individual users of healthcare and the community in general, which ultimately bears the cost, are perfectly entitled to know how their health services and health providers are performing. The promulgation of surgical report cards has been hailed by some as a liberating step in the right direction. This paper seeks to analyse, from a clinician's perspective, the evolution and limitations of report cards. Ultimately, the importance of report cards will not be their immediate utility, which is minimal, but as a first step in a much wider and far more important debate about how we meaningfully measure the quality of health services and providers (including managers and bureaucrats), the likely cost of such an enterprise, how much we are willing and able to pay and how we reconcile the competing needs of information versus clinical and preventive care when all are competing for the same and inadequate pool of resources. PMID:20131525

  11. BEHAVIOR BASED CREDIT CARD FRAUD DETECTION USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Dheepa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Along with the great increase of internet and e-commerce, the use of credit card is an unavoidable one. Due to the increase of credit card usage, the frauds associated with this have also increased. There are a lot of approaches used to detect the frauds. In this paper, behavior based classification approach using Support Vector Machines are employed and efficient feature extraction method also adopted. If any discrepancies occur in the behaviors transaction pattern then it is predicted as suspicious and taken for further consideration to find the frauds. Generally credit card fraud detection problem suffers from a large amount of data, which is rectified by the proposed method. Achieving finest accuracy, high fraud catching rate and low false alarms are the main tasks of this approach.

  12. CLUB FORMATION MECHANISM FOR TRANSPORT-COMMUNITY CREDIT CARDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yue; Kobayashi, Kiyoshi; Nishida, Junji; Yoshida, Mamoru

    In this paper, the roles of transport-community cards jointly issued by a public transport firm and retails are investigated as a means to vitalize an obsolescence shopping center located in a middle of a city. When both the price of goods supplied by the retails and the transport fares affect the consumers' behavior, there exist pecuniary externality between the behaviors of the retails and transport firms. The introduction of a transport-community cards system enables to integrate a basket of goods and transport service into a single commodity; thus, the pecuniary externality can be internalized by price coordination. In addition, the paper clarifies theoretically that the transport firm initiatively decides the price of the transportation service and the retails transfer their incomes to the transport firm so that they are induced to jointly issue the transport-community cards.

  13. A design of FPGA based intelligent data handling interfacing card.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandaraj D

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing demand in the custom built logic for avionics systems, FPGA is used in this proposed interfacing card design. This FPGA based intelligent data handling card (IDHC for the IVHM system, will interface the data from aircraft subsystems to the aircraft digital data bus. This IDHC interfacing card is based on the Virtex-5 FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array, which provides flexibility by re-programming, so that it can be configured to the required functionality. Fault detection can be done within the FPGA and only the anomalies passed to the computer, so that the bus bandwidth can be utilized effectively and also excessive wiring can be eliminated, that would have been required for multiple individual systems. The work concentrates on designing the schematic using OrCAD.

  14. Christmas cards workshop in a Restricted Access Ward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa García

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The Christmas cards workshop is an intervention study made in the Restricted Access Ward (RAW of Hospital Gregorio Marañón (Madrid, in December 2001, from the 5th to the 22nd. The object of this study was to assess the effectiveness of this workshop to improve the quality of the RAW patients´ hospital day, through their participation. They made 47 cards, the mean per patient was 1,52. Participation: 91,2% of the patients that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Drawings and texts alluded to the convict´s perspective of Christmas time, from their own experience. The Christmas cards were exhibited in the hospital and they also were sent to different penitentiary institutions in Madrid, to make the RAW known. The course “Education for health for interdisciplinary projects in penitentiary institutions” was the frame of this workshop.

  15. Development of the Adolescent and Young Adult Activity Card Sort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Christine; McCollum, Mary; Cho, Esther; Jason, Dawn

    2015-10-01

    Emerging adulthood defines transition to employment, higher education, and domestic life. This study describes the development of an assessment of self-reported participation in a range of age-appropriate activities. Item selection was established from literature review, feedback from youth and professionals, the former Adolescent Activity Card Sort (AACS), and the original Activity Card Sort (ACS). Iterative item selection occurred with three separate samples of emerging adults and six professionals. Test-retest reliability was evaluated. The Adolescent and Young Adult Activity Card Sort (AYA-ACS) consists of chores (11 items), leisure (13), social (10), health and fitness (9), work (10), education (8), and parenting (9). Test-retest reliability showed significant moderate to substantial Kappa agreement (.48-.85) for all domains except parenting (κ = .15). This preliminary study describes the development of the AYA-ACS to be used with individuals who encounter challenges when transitioning to young adulthood. PMID:27505902

  16. SISTEM TERPADU REKAM MEDIK RUMAH SAKIT DENGAN SMART CARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    _ Sukamto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dalam penelitian ini,  system terpadu rekam medik rumah sakit dibuat dengan teknologi smart card sebagai media penimpanan data  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah  menerapkan teknologi smart card sebagai sarana  atau media penyimpan informasi pasien yang mempunyai kesederhana, keandalan, dan portabilitas  yang tinggi, sehingga meningkatkan jaminan ketersediaan data pada sebuah sistem rekam medik.Tahapan pembuatan rancang bangun sistem rekam medis ini meliputi  perancangan data flow diagram, rentity relationshipp diagram, database dan program aplikasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa smart  card dapat digunakan  sebagai sarana  atau media penyimpan informasi pasien yang mempunyai kesederhana, keandalan, dan portabilitas  yang tinggi.

  17. Digital signature systems based on smart card and fingerprint feature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    You Lin; Xu Maozhi; Zheng Zhiming

    2007-01-01

    Two signature systems based on smart cards and fingerprint features are proposed. In one signature system, the cryptographic key is stored in the smart card and is only accessible when the signer's extracted fingerprint features match his stored template. To resist being tampered on public channel, the user's message and the signed message are encrypted by the signer's public key and the user's public key, respectively. In the other signature system, the keys are generated by combining the signer's fingerprint features, check bits, and a rememberable key,and there are no matching process and keys stored on the smart card. Additionally, there is generally more than one public key in this system, that is, there exist some pseudo public keys except a real one.

  18. House of Cards and the Paradoxical Role of Netflix

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jakob Isak

    2013-01-01

    of the respective series – most clearly as regards representational scope (e.g. language use, sex and violence) but also as regards stylistics, narrative orchestration, thematic concerns and genre choices (see Nielsen et al, 2011). February 1st 2013 saw the launch of the first fully Netflix-funded series, House...... of Cards (2013), available exclusively on the company’s streaming service. The situation is interesting for a number of reasons. First, Netflix seems to enter into competition with the very conglomerates (particularly their premium and basic cable subsidiaries) whom they rely on for acquiring rights...... the very essence of the object of study. Can we even talk of House of Cards as a TV-series? This paper will discuss the implications of Netflix’ venture into commissioned serial fiction, describing the company’s paradoxical role in the market, the distribution strategy of House of Cards as well...

  19. Optimised to Fail: Card Readers for Online Banking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimer, Saar; Murdoch, Steven J.; Anderson, Ross

    The Chip Authentication Programme (CAP) has been introduced by banks in Europe to deal with the soaring losses due to online banking fraud. A handheld reader is used together with the customer’s debit card to generate one-time codes for both login and transaction authentication. The CAP protocol is not public, and was rolled out without any public scrutiny. We reverse engineered the UK variant of card readers and smart cards and here provide the first public description of the protocol. We found numerous weaknesses that are due to design errors such as reusing authentication tokens, overloading data semantics, and failing to ensure freshness of responses. The overall strategic error was excessive optimisation. There are also policy implications. The move from signature to PIN for authorising point-of-sale transactions shifted liability from banks to customers; CAP introduces the same problem for online banking. It may also expose customers to physical harm.

  20. Political Violence and Media Coverage in Nigeria: An Analysis of Nigerian Tribune and Punch Newspapers of 2011 General Elections in Osun State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awofadeju P. O.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims at determining the coverage of the violence by two newspapers (Nigerian Tribune and Punch in the 2011 Osun State General Election by adopting content analysis as its research design. Theories adopted in carrying out this study are agenda setting, two step flow and multi-step flow. This study reveals that the newspapers in this study were not very effective in publishing the news concerning this brutal electoral violence within the period of four weeks under review. It also reveals that the Nigerian Tribune newspaper covered more stories on electoral violence than Punch newspaper and that the coverage of the two newspapers focused more on violence reportage than the effects of violence on the electorates. The coverage of the two newspapers on the major actors in the news also shows that ‘Politicians’ and Political parties’ played greater role in the news than others. The coverage of the two newspapers on victims of the violence shows that ‘Electorates’ and ‘Press’ were most affected victims than others. It therefore concludes that the two newspapers content analyzed were not proactive enough in their responsibility of providing timely information to the general public regarding the electoral violence, thereby leaving people in the dark.

  1. Characterization of ductile-brittle transition behavior in Mn-Mo-Ni low alloy steels for reactor pressure vessel by small punch test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, M. C.; Lee, B. S.; Park, S. D.; Kim, K. B

    2004-12-01

    Small Punch (SP) tests were performed to evaluate the ductile-brittle transition behavior of Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) steels produced by different manufacturing (refining) processes. The results were compared to the standard test results, such as the conventional Charpy impact tests, JIC test and the Master Curve fracture toughness tests in accordance with the ASTM standard E1921. The SP transition temperatures (TSP), which are determined by the middle of the upper SP energy, showed a good correlation with the Charpy index temperatures. And the critical fracture strength, {sigma}{sup *}{sub f(sp)} from small punch test were found to have a linear relationship to the values from the pre-cracked specimens({sigma}{sup *}{sub f(PCVN)}). From the observation of thickness changes according to displacement, Equivalent strain(Eq) could be obtained as a function of ball displacement. It is found that relation between specimen thickness and ball displacement is not dependent on material properties and it is expressed as a function of ball displacement, and then SP equivalent strain(Eq) have close relationship with the fracture toughness(J{sub IC})

  2. Develop CNC Turret Punch System Base On CPAC%基于CPAC的数控转塔冲床系统的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐成智; 艾长胜

    2011-01-01

    The architecture of software and hardware of Computerized Programmable Automation Controller (CPAC)was introduced, the performance of the controller applied in motion control was analysed. The structure plan and control program of CNC turret punch system was proposed, using "PC+General Motion Controller" structure, HMI for the man-machine interface, IPC for the core of control system. In the windows CE operating system, this paper developed the CNC turret punch system with LD and SFC program language.%介绍了计算机可编程自动化控制器(CPAC)的软硬件结构,分析了该控制器在数控领域的应用特点。提出了数控转塔冲床的结构方案和控制方案,采用“PC+运动控制器”的结构,以HMI为人机界面,IPC为控制系统核心,在windows CE操作系统上,用梯形图和顺序功能图两种开发语言,开发了数控转塔冲床系统。

  3. Effect of Colored Sticky Cards on Non-target Insects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhen CHEN; Yihang GE; Xia LIU; Rongping KUANG

    2015-01-01

    Field experiments to evaluate four different colored sticky cards for trap-ping non-target insects were conducted in an organic maize field in the Heinigou region of China. Yel ow, blue, green, and red sticky cards were used to trap insects in the field. The total number of insects species caught was 54, with 3,862 individu-als recorded. Over half of the specimens caught were non-target insects, including phytophagous insects, particularly dipteran species (including many mosquitoes) (50.3%), fol owed by target pests (37.0%), and beneficial insects (12.7%). Statistical analysis revealed a significant difference in attraction to target pests, non-target pests, and beneficial insects among treatment groups. The results showed that higher numbers of target pests (Myzus persicae Sulzer, Empoasca flavescens Fabricius, Nysius ericaecshinly Schil ing) were caught on yel ow sticky card traps compared with blue, green, or red sticky card traps, indicating that yel ow was the best trap color for target pests, with green and blue being progressively less attrac-tive. For non-target insects, including phytophagous insects, flies, and mosquitoes, higher numbers of were caught on blue sticky card traps compared with yel ow, green, or red sticky card traps. Our study indicated that blue was the most attrac-tive color for flies, especial y for the housefly, Musca domestica Linnaeus. Our study also showed that most beneficial insects exhibited preferences to particular trap col-or characteristics: yel ow was the most attractive color for parasitic wasps and lady beetles; blue was the most attractive color for hoverflies and honeybees. In contrast, green and red had no significant attraction to beneficial insects.

  4. Assessment of Macular Function Using the SKILL Card in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Dhamdhere, Kavita P.; Schneck, Marilyn E.; Bearse, Marcus A.; Lam, Wendy; Barez, Shirin; Adams, Anthony J.

    2014-01-01

    We assess vision function at reduced contrast and luminance in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using the SKILL Card. The SKILL Card discriminated patients having diabetes with or without retinopathy from the controls with high overall accuracy.

  5. CMS Tracker Readout Prototype Front-End Driver PCI Mezzanine Card (Mk1) (connector side)

    CERN Multimedia

    J.Coughlan

    1998-01-01

    The tracking system of the CMS detector at the LHC employs Front End Driver (FED) cards to digitise, buffer and sparsify analogue data arriving via optical links from on detector pipeline chips. This paper describes a prototype version of the FED based upon the popular commercial PCI bus Mezzanine Card (PMC) form factor. The FED-PMC consists of an 8 channel, 9 bit ADC, card, providing a 1 MByte data buffer and operating at the LHC design frequency of 40 MHz. The core of the card is a re-programmable FPGA which allows the functionality of the card to be conveniently modified. The card is supplied with a comprehensive library of C routines.The PMC form factor allows the card to be plugged onto a wide variety of processor carrier boards and even directly into PCI based PCs. The flexibility of the FPGA based design permits the card to be used in a variety of ADC based applications.

  6. Evolution of optically nondestructive and data-non-intrusive credit card verifiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumriddetchkajorn, Sarun; Intaravanne, Yuttana

    2010-04-01

    Since the deployment of the credit card, the number of credit card fraud cases has grown rapidly with a huge amount of loss in millions of US dollars. Instead of asking more information from the credit card's holder or taking risk through payment approval, a nondestructive and data-non-intrusive credit card verifier is highly desirable before transaction begins. In this paper, we review optical techniques that have been proposed and invented in order to make the genuine credit card more distinguishable than the counterfeit credit card. Several optical approaches for the implementation of credit card verifiers are also included. In particular, we highlight our invention on a hyperspectral-imaging based portable credit card verifier structure that offers a very low false error rate of 0.79%. Other key features include low cost, simplicity in design and implementation, no moving part, no need of an additional decoding key, and adaptive learning.

  7. EuCARD-HFM dipole model design options

    CERN Document Server

    Bruchon, Mélanie; Durante, Maria; Karppinen, Mikko; Kircher, François; Manil, Pierre; Milanese, Attilio; Oberli, Luc; Perez, Juan Carlos; Rifflet, Jean-Michel; Rondeaux, Françoise; Todesco, Ezio

    2010-01-01

    The EuCARD-HFM task aims at realizing a 13 T dipole magnet with an aperture of 100 mm, which is a challenging step towards very high field accelerator magnets. This dipole, utilizing Nb3Sn superconductor, will be used in the Fresca test facility at CERN. A preliminary design study has compared two possible design layouts for the EuCARD-HFM magnet: the cos-θ and the block. This report summarizes the conclusions of this study and justifies, on the base of quantitative and qualitative arguments, our decision to pursue the detailed design with the block layout.

  8. Telematics and smart cards in integrated health information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sicurello, F; Nicolosi, A

    1997-01-01

    Telematics and information technology are the base on which it will be possible to build an integrated health information system to support population and improve their quality of life. This system should be based on record linkage of all data based on the interactions of the patients with the health structures, such as general practitioners, specialists, health institutes and hospitals, pharmacies, etc. The record linkage can provide the connection and integration of various records, thanks to the use of telematic technology (either urban or geographical local networks, such as the Internet) and electronic data cards. Particular emphasis should be placed on the introduction of smart cards, such as portable health cards, which will contain a standardized data set and will be sufficient to access different databases found in various health services. The inter-operability of the social-health records (including multimedia types) and the smart cards (which are one of the most important prerequisites for the homogenization and wide diffusion of these cards at an European level) should be strongly taken into consideration. In this framework a project is going to be developed aiming towards the integration of various data bases distributed territorially, from the reading of the software and the updating of the smart cards to the complete management of the patients' evaluation records, to the quality of the services offered and to the health planning. The applications developed will support epidemiological investigation software and data analysis. The inter-connection of all the databases of the various structures involved will take place through a coordination center, the most important system of which we will call "record linkage" or "integrated database". Smart cards will be distributed to a sample group of possible users and the necessary smart card management tools will be installed in all the structures involved. All the final users (the patients) in the whole

  9. Analysis of payment cards in terms of user

    OpenAIRE

    Čechová, Jana

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis is to assess people’s knowledge of payment cards for those that already have one or are considering getting one, and to establish a profile of a normal cardholder. Another goal of this thesis is to perform a comparative analysis of three banks on the Czech banking market from the perspective of selected types of fees billed for card services, and from these three, to select the bank with the most favourable fees from the perspective of the customer. Bibliograph...

  10. Supplemental Fingerprint Card Data (SFCD) for NIST Special Database 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supplemental Fingerprint Card Data (SFCD) for NIST Special Database 9 (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 10 (Supplemental Fingerprint Card Data for Special Database 9 - 8-Bit Gray Scale Images) provides a larger sample of fingerprint patterns that have a low natural frequency of occurrence and transitional fingerprint classes in NIST Special Database 9. The software is the same code used with NIST Special Database 4 and 9. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  11. Strengthening Standardized Construction of Bank Card, Integrating with International Financial Circles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Lei

    2005-01-01

    @@ Following the accession to the WTO of China,bank card industry faces new competition pressure and challenges. At present, the most outstanding problem we face is, how to narrow the gap of development between the international bank card industry and that of China and keep up with fast-developing paces of international bank card as soon as possible. Objectively speaking, bank card industry of our country is still at the initial stage.

  12. A programming and a modelling perspective on the evaluation of Java card implementations

    OpenAIRE

    Hartel, Pieter H.; Jong, de, T.; Attali, Isabelle; Jensen, Thomas

    2000-01-01

    Java Card Technology has provided a huge step forward in programming smart cards: from assembler to using a high level Object Oriented language. However, the authors have found some differences between the current Java Card version (2.1) and main stream Java that may restrict the benefits of using Java achievable in smartcard programming. In particular, efforts towards evaluating Java Card implementations at a high level of assurance may be hampered by the presence of these differences as wel...

  13. CARD9-Dependent Neutrophil Recruitment Protects against Fungal Invasion of the Central Nervous System

    OpenAIRE

    Drummond, Rebecca A.; Collar, Amanda L.; Muthulekha Swamydas; Rodriguez, Carlos A.; Jean K. Lim; Laura M Mendez; Fink, Danielle L.; Hsu, Amy P.; Bing Zhai; Hatice Karauzum; Mikelis, Constantinos M.; Rose, Stacey R.; Ferre, Elise M. N.; Lynne Yockey; Kimberly Lemberg

    2015-01-01

    Author Summary CARD9 is a molecule expressed by mammalian immune cells and is centrally positioned downstream of several C-type lectin receptors, which sense fungi. The critical role of CARD9 in the activation of antifungal host defense has been highlighted by the demonstration that human mutations that disrupt the function of CARD9 are associated with the development of spontaneous life-threatening fungal infections, many of which target the central nervous system (CNS). However, why CARD9-d...

  14. A programming and a modelling perspective on the evaluation of Java card implementations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartel, Pieter H.; Jong, de Eduard; Attali, Isabelle; Jensen, Thomas

    2000-01-01

    Java Card Technology has provided a huge step forward in programming smart cards: from assembler to using a high level Object Oriented language. However, the authors have found some differences between the current Java Card version (2.1) and main stream Java that may restrict the benefits of using J

  15. A Small One-Fiber WDM Optical Ethernet PC Card for FTTD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Naoto Sugimoto; Seiji Fukushima; Yasuhiro Suzuki; Yoshihisa Sakai; Hiromasa Tanobe; Takeshi Kurosaki; Kazuto Noguchi; Kimio Oguchi; Hiromu Toba

    2003-01-01

    A new generation of network interface card for fiber-to-the-desktop has been fabricated. The fabricated card is PC-card size and suitable for notebook PCs. It could become the key element in the coming optical Ethernet age.

  16. AN ANALYSIS OF THE SEPA CARDS FRAMEWORK (SINGLE EURO PAYMENTS AREA ADOPTION IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuga Iulia

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The study examines the actual status and the future application of Single Euro Payments Area SEPA Cards Framework, based on Romanian experience. The paper highlights the fact that there is no national card scheme in Romania and that the local cards market

  17. Design and Use of Task Cards in the Reciprocal Style of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iserbyt, Peter; Byra, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Task cards are instructional tools that combine a picture of a skill with written instructions about how to perform the skill. This article provides practical guidelines for developing research-based task cards for use in physical education classes. Fitness-related motor skills are used as examples to clarify design principles for task cards. The…

  18. Ubiquitin Ligase TRIM62 Regulates CARD9-Mediated Anti-fungal Immunity and Intestinal Inflammation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cao, Zhifang; Conway, Kara L.; Heath, Robert J.; Rush, Jason S.; Leshchiner, Elizaveta S.; Ramirez-Ortiz, Zaida G.; Nedelsky, Natalia B.; Huang, Hailiang; Ng, Aylwin; Gardet, Agnes; Cheng, Shih-Chin; Shamji, Alykhan F.; Rioux, John D.; Wijmenga, Cisca; Netea, Mihai G.; Means, Terry K.; Daly, Mark J.; Xavier, Ramnik J.

    2015-01-01

    CARD9 is a central component of anti-fungal innate immune signaling via C-type lectin receptors, and several immune-related disorders are associated with CARD9 alterations. Here, we used a rare CARD9 variant that confers protection against inflammatory bowel disease as an entry point to investigatin

  19. 76 FR 7155 - Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Announcement of Billfish and Swordfish Catch Card Pilot...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... accuracy of recreational billfish and swordfish landings data, NMFS will pilot test a new catch card... pilot test a new catch card program in Puerto Rico in 2011. The program will be implemented by the...; Announcement of Billfish and Swordfish Catch Card Pilot Program for Puerto Rico AGENCY: National...

  20. Stereotypes of Ageing: Messages Promoted by Age-Specific Paper Birthday Cards Available in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Shannon R.; Morrison, Todd G.

    2005-01-01

    Birthday cards are a ceremonial token that may purposefully or unintentionally transmit stereotypes about the ageing process. In the current study, the authors examined 150 age-specific paper birthday cards sold in retail outlets located in a small metropolitan area. Results suggest that a greater proportion of the cards' textual messages…

  1. Joseph Campbell, Jung, Anne Tyler, and "The Cards": The Spiritual Journey in "Searching for Caleb."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Karen M.

    Joseph Campbell, Carl Jung, and Anne Tyler have all dealt with spiritual journeys and card reading in their writings. In his book "Tarot Revelations," Joseph Campbell discusses his first association with tarot cards, dating from 1943, when he was introduced to the symoblism of playing cards by his friend and mentor, Heinrich Zimmer. Carl Jung was…

  2. 6 CFR 37.19 - Machine readable technology on the driver's license or identification card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... license or identification card. 37.19 Section 37.19 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation... identification card. For the machine readable portion of the REAL ID driver's license or identification...

  3. 6 CFR 37.15 - Physical security features for the driver's license or identification card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation... identification card. (a) General. States must include document security features on REAL ID driver's licenses and... security features. REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards must contain at least three levels...

  4. 7 CFR 274.10 - Use of identification cards and redemption of coupons by eligible households.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... eligible households. (a) General provisions. State agencies shall issue an ID card to each certified..., shall present the household's ID card at issuance points, retail food stores or meal services in order... member or members whose name(s) appear on the ID card shall sign the coupon books issued to the...

  5. 6 CFR 37.17 - Requirements for the surface of the driver's license or identification card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... license or identification card. 37.17 Section 37.17 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation... identification card. To be accepted by a Federal agency for official purposes, REAL ID driver's licenses...

  6. Picture This: How to Establish an Effective School ID Card Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkelstein, David

    2013-01-01

    Most school districts do not have an ID card policy that everyone knows and follows, yet. many school districts are implementing ID card programs to address concerns about safety, efficiency, and convenience. A well-thought-out ID card program leads to greater security and smoother operations throughout the school and should thus be a priority.…

  7. How Much is it Going to Cost Me to Complete a Collection of Football Trading Cards?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerke, Oke

    2013-01-01

    Trading cards for various sports and a range of other subjects such as architecture, animals, hobbies, and war have been in existence since the late nineteenth century and still enjoy great popularity. Two of the most prominent examples are baseball cards in the U.S. and football cards in Europe. Three strategies for collecting European football…

  8. Evaluation of NCS rapid plasma reagin card test, a new screening kit for syphilis.

    OpenAIRE

    Fischer, G S; Colavita, M T; Sweimler, W I; Kleger, B

    1989-01-01

    Agreements in qualitative and quantitative test results between the recently marketed NCS rapid plasma reagin card test (NCS Diagnostics Corp.) and the Macro-Vue rapid plasma reagin 18-mm circle card test (Hynson, Westcott and Dunning) were 99.2 and 99.1%, respectively, indicating the NCS RPR card test to be an acceptable alternative procedure for the serodiagnosis of syphilis.

  9. Card versus cash: empirical evidence of the impact of payment card interchange fees on end users’ choice of payment methods

    OpenAIRE

    Ardizzi, Guerino

    2013-01-01

    Interchange fees in card payments are a mechanism to balance costs and revenues between banks for the joint provision of payment services. However, such fees represent a relevant input cost used as a reference price for the final fee charged to the merchants, who may be reluctant to accept cards and induce the cardholder to withdraw cash. In this paper, we empirically verify for the first time the effect of the interchange fee on the decision to withdraw cash and compare it with that of payin...

  10. Voice over internet protocol with prepaid calling card solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunadi, Tri

    2001-07-01

    The VoIP technology is growing up rapidly, it has big network impact on PT Telkom Indonesia, the bigger telecommunication operator in Indonesia. Telkom has adopted VoIP and one other technology, Intelligent Network (IN). We develop those technologies together in one service product, called Internet Prepaid Calling Card (IPCC). IPCC is becoming new breakthrough for the Indonesia telecommunication services especially on VoIP and Prepaid Calling Card solutions. Network architecture of Indonesia telecommunication consists of three layer, Local, Tandem and Trunck Exchange layer. Network development researches for IPCC architecture are focus on network overlay hierarchy, Internet and PSTN. With this design hierarchy the goal of Interworking PSTN, VoIP and IN calling card, become reality. Overlay design for IPCC is not on Trunck Exchange, this is the new architecture, these overlay on Tandem and Local Exchange, to make the faster call processing. The nodes added: Gateway (GW) and Card Management Center (CMC) The GW do interfacing between PSTN and Internet Network used ISDN-PRA and Ethernet. The other functions are making bridge on circuit (PSTN) with packet (VoIP) based and real time billing process. The CMC used for data storage, pin validation, report activation, tariff system, directory number and all the administration transaction. With two nodes added the IPCC service offered to the market.

  11. Audio Card Systems. Technical Information Bulletin No. 13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, P.

    This examination of audio card systems for computers begins by identifying the three information processing systems for sound: sound digitizing, synthesis of text, and word recognition. Specific pedagogical applications of digitized sound are then briefly discussed. The remainder of the document focuses on specifications for the working of vocal…

  12. WHAT DETERMINES WISCONSIN CARD SORTING PERFORMANCE IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERDOES, AJW; VANDENBOSCH, RJ

    1992-01-01

    Deficient performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) by patients with schizophrenia is a consistent finding. Although the test has been found sensitive to frontal lobe damage in neurological patients, it is not certain whether WCST performance in schizophrenia is caused by a structural ab

  13. Segmentation of Camera Captured Business Card Images for Mobile Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Nasipuri, Mita

    2011-01-01

    Due to huge deformation in the camera captured images, variety in nature of the business cards and the computational constraints of the mobile devices, design of an efficient Business Card Reader (BCR) is challenging to the researchers. Extraction of text regions and segmenting them into characters is one of such challenges. In this paper, we have presented an efficient character segmentation technique for business card images captured by a cell-phone camera, designed in our present work towards developing an efficient BCR. At first, text regions are extracted from the card images and then the skewed ones are corrected using a computationally efficient skew correction technique. At last, these skew corrected text regions are segmented into lines and characters based on horizontal and vertical histogram. Experiments show that the present technique is efficient and applicable for mobile devices, and the mean segmentation accuracy of 97.48% is achieved with 3 mega-pixel (500-600 dpi) images. It takes only 1.1 se...

  14. Night cough counts and diary card scores in asthma.

    OpenAIRE

    Archer, L N; Simpson, H

    1985-01-01

    A tape recording system for recording night cough in asthmatics at home is described. Objective cough counts and half hour periods containing cough did not correlate with diary card scores awarded to eight children on seven nights each. Night cough diary scores may mislead in the assessment of symptom severity.

  15. Holy Cards/Immaginette: The Extraordinary Literacy of Vernacular Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Diana; Salvatori, Mariolina Rizzi

    2008-01-01

    Like other seemingly ordinary materials (cookbooks, street art, scrapbooks, etc.) the subject of our investigation--holy cards or (in Italian) "immaginette"--often function as rich repositories of personal and cultural memory as well as indicators of popular literacy practices. But to relegate them to the category of ephemera, as is customary with…

  16. Powerful Writing: Description in Creating Monster Trading Cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimbro, Michelle

    Description can make a piece of writing come alive. This lesson plan combines art and word play, emphasizing writing for an audience while drawing on multiple intelligences. Peer review and feedback reinforces the revision process as students create trading cards by drawing pictures of monsters and describing and categorizing them in detail.…

  17. In-silico human genomics with GeneCards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stelzer Gil

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Since 1998, the bioinformatics, systems biology, genomics and medical communities have enjoyed a synergistic relationship with the GeneCards database of human genes (http://www.genecards.org. This human gene compendium was created to help to introduce order into the increasing chaos of information flow. As a consequence of viewing details and deep links related to specific genes, users have often requested enhanced capabilities, such that, over time, GeneCards has blossomed into a suite of tools (including GeneDecks, GeneALaCart, GeneLoc, GeneNote and GeneAnnot for a variety of analyses of both single human genes and sets thereof. In this paper, we focus on inhouse and external research activities which have been enabled, enhanced, complemented and, in some cases, motivated by GeneCards. In turn, such interactions have often inspired and propelled improvements in GeneCards. We describe here the evolution and architecture of this project, including examples of synergistic applications in diverse areas such as synthetic lethality in cancer, the annotation of genetic variations in disease, omics integration in a systems biology approach to kidney disease, and bioinformatics tools.

  18. Simple 8085 microprocessor compatible I/O card

    OpenAIRE

    Dwivedi, Arti; Arun, P.

    2004-01-01

    A simple interfacing project with the 8085-microprocessor kits available in under graduate college labs has been discussed. The interface card to study the I-V characteristics of a p-n diode emphasizes how the microprocessor can be used to do experiments in physics. Also, since the whole project was done within Rs400/- it can easily be popularized.

  19. 78 FR 17183 - Information Collection: Grey Towers Visitor Comment Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ...In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), this notice announces the Forest Service's intent to request: (1) An extension from the Office of Management and Budget; and (2) to merge the currently approved information collection 0596- 0222, ``Grey Towers Visitor Comment Card'' with 0596-0226, ``Forest Service Generic Clearance for the Collection of Qualitative......

  20. Finiteness of the playing time in strategy free card games

    CERN Document Server

    Aleksenko, A

    2011-01-01

    It is proved that in card games similar to 'Beggar-my-neighbour' the mathematical expectation of the playing time is finite, provided that the player who starts the round is determined randomly and the deck is shuffled when the trick is added. The result holds for the generic setting of the game.

  1. 48 CFR 2413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Governmentwide commercial purchase card. 2413.301 Section 2413.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods...

  2. 48 CFR 413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Governmentwide commercial purchase card. 413.301 Section 413.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 413.301 Governmentwide commercial...

  3. 48 CFR 13.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Governmentwide commercial purchase card. 13.301 Section 13.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 13.301 Governmentwide...

  4. Cryptanalysis of Song's advanced smart card based password authentication protocol

    CERN Document Server

    Tapiador, Juan E; Peris-Lopez, P; Clark, John A

    2011-01-01

    Song \\cite{Song10} proposed very recently a password-based authentication and key establishment protocol using smart cards which attempts to solve some weaknesses found in a previous scheme suggested by Xu, Zhu, and Feng \\cite{XZF09}. In this paper, we present attacks on the improved protocol, showing that it fails to achieve the claimed security goals.

  5. 48 CFR 1313.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Governmentwide commercial purchase card. 1313.301 Section 1313.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisitions Methods 1313.301 Governmentwide...

  6. Combining card sorts and in-depth interviews

    OpenAIRE

    Saunders, MNK

    2012-01-01

    Trust research invariably asks questions about sensitive issues, highlighting the need to build rapport and trust between the researcher and participant. It may also be necessary to ensure participants are not sensitized to the focus on trust. This chapter outlines the use of a card sort, concurrent with an in-depth interview to help overcome these issues.

  7. Modelling and Implementation of Catalogue Cards Using FreeMarker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radjenovic, Jelen; Milosavljevic, Branko; Surla, Dusan

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a study involving the specification (using Unified Modelling Language (UML) 2.0) of information requirements and implementation of the software components for generating catalogue cards. The implementation in a Java environment is developed using the FreeMarker software.…

  8. Exploration of Data mining techniques in Fraud Detection: Credit Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khyati Chaudhary

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Data mining has been increasing as one of the chief key features of many security initiatives. Often, used as a means for detection of fraud, assessing risk as well. Data mining involves the use of data analysis tools to discover unknown, valid patterns as well as relationships in large data sets. Decades have seen a massive growth in the use of credit cards as a transactional medium. Data mining become even more common in both the private and public sectors. Data mining has been used widely in industries such as Banking, Insurance, Medicine and Retailing to reduce costs, enhance Research and increase Sales. Credit cards are much safer from theft than is cash and also a promising area for buying and sales. Credit Cards are growing as a popular medium of transaction. Therefore, Fraud Detection involves monitoring the behavior of users/customers in order to estimate, detect or avoid undesirable behavior in future. In this paper, we investigated the factors and various techniques involved in credit card fraud detection during/after transaction as well.

  9. Non-Interference and Erasure Policies for Java Card Bytecode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, René Rydhof; Probst, Christian W.

    2006-01-01

    Non-interference is the property of a program not to leak any secret information. In this paper we propose a notion of non-interference for an abstract version of the Java Card bytecode language. Furthermore an information-flow analysis for verifying non-interference is developed and proved sound...

  10. A parameter optimized approach for improving credit card fraud detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prakash

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The usage of credit cards has highly increased due to high-speed innovation in the electronic commerce technology. Since credit card turns out to be the majority well-liked manner of payment for mutually online as well as habitual purchase, cases of fraud correlated through it are as well increasing. In normal Hidden Markov Model the problem of cannot find an optimal state sequence for the underlying Markov process also this observed sequence cannot be viewed as training a model to best fit the observed data. In this research, the main aim is to model the sequence of observations in credit card transaction processing using an Advanced Hidden Markov Model (AHMM and show how it can be utilized for the exposure of frauds. In this process an AHMM is initially trained with the regular manners of a cardholder. If an incoming credit card transaction is not recognized by the trained AHMM with adequately high probability, it is believed to be fraudulent. This proposed work desire to regulate the model parameters to best fit the observations. The ranges of the matrices (N and M are fixed but the elements of A,B and #960; are to be decided, focus to the rank stochastic condition. The information that can efficiently re-estimate the model itself is one of the more incredible features of HMMs this referred here as AHMM.

  11. Report Card on the Effectiveness of Teacher Training Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennessee State Board of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Tennessee Code Annotated 49-5-108 requires the state to develop a report card or assessment on the effectiveness of teacher training programs. This report includes data on the performance of each institution's graduates in the following areas required by state statute: placement and retention rates, Praxis results, and teacher effect data based on…

  12. RLMS Micro-File: Current State of Catalog Card Reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitecki, Joseph Z., Comp.

    Intended as a working tool for the administrators of library reprographic processes, this compilation includes 22 papers dealing with the technology of card reproduction for library catalogs. Among the reproduction devices discussed are the Copy Cat camera, the Cataloger's Camera, the Olivetti Enlarging Copier, and the IBM Magnetic Tape Selectric…

  13. Picture card tool for holistic planning in organic plant production

    OpenAIRE

    Fog, Erik; Jørgen E. Olesen; Noe, Egon; Sørensen, Peter; Melander, Bo

    2013-01-01

    Presentation of a new tool for strategic farm planning and improving farm management. The tool is based on picture cards and is meant as an important help for the advisory service for organic farmers. The tool can help the farm manager to raise the yields and the economic performance in organic plant production.

  14. Using a Card Trick to Teach Discrete Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Shai; Holm, Tara S.

    2003-01-01

    We present a card trick that can be used to review or teach a variety of topics in discrete mathematics. We address many subjects, including permutations, combinations, functions, graphs, depth first search, the pigeonhole principle, greedy algorithms, and concepts from number theory. Moreover, the trick motivates the use of computers in…

  15. 75 FR 81721 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ..., there are two types of debit card transactions: PIN (personal identification number)-based and signature... transactions for hotel stays or car rentals, where the exact amount of the transaction is not known at the time... electronic funds transfer (``EFT'') networks to enable their customers to withdraw funds from ATMs owned by...

  16. Singing Greeting Card Beeper as a Finger Pulse Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belusic, Gregor; Zupancic, Gregor

    2010-01-01

    We constructed a robust and low-priced finger pulse sensor from a singing greeting card beeper. The beeper outputs the plethysmographic signal, which is indistinguishable from that of commercial grade sensors. The sensor can be used in school for a number of experiments in human cardiovascular physiology.

  17. Do Consumers Pay More Using Debit Cards than Cash?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Runnemark, Emma; Hedman, Jonas; Xiao, Xiao

    We conduct an incentivized experiment to test whether the willingness to pay is higher for debit cards compared to cash for three consumer products. Our findings support this conjecture also after controlling for cash availability, spending type, price familiarity and consumption habits of the pr...

  18. Team-Building Success: It's in the Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarfino, Deborah; Roever, Carol

    2009-01-01

    Successful team outcomes frequently--if not always--rely upon proven techniques for managing diverse styles and strengths. In this article, the authors describe the Diversity Card Game and the benefits it offers for students and instructors. Building teams using Diversity gives students the knowledge to manage clashes that might otherwise create…

  19. Bacterial Contamination of Burn Unit Employee Identity Cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Nicole W; Guymon, Charles H; Aden, James K; Akers, Kevin S; Mann-Salinas, Elizabeth A

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the presence or absence of pathogenic bacteria on burn intensive care unit employees' common access cards (CACs) and identity badges (IDs) and to identify possible variables that may increase risk for the presence of those bacteria. A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in our regional Burn Center in which bacterial swab specimens were collected from both the CAC and ID of 10 burn intensive care unit employees in each of five cohorts (nurses, respiratory therapists, physical therapists, physicians, and ancillary staff). Ten additional paired samples, collected from direct care staff in the outpatient burn clinic, served as control. Additional information described how the cards were worn and if/how they had been cleaned in the previous week. Fifty-eight CACs and 60 IDs were swabbed from participants. The overall contamination rate was 75%, with no trends identified based on how cards were worn. Bacteria were recovered from 86% (50/58) of CACs and 65% (39/60) of IDs, with CACs being significantly more contaminated overall than IDs (P card decontamination may reduce potential threats to patient safety as a result of nosocomial bacterial transmission.

  20. Real Electronic Commerce: Smart Cards on the Superhighway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birch, David

    1997-01-01

    Technologies of payment rather than technologies of connection are the real trigger for the expansion of electronic commerce on the Internet. This article discusses "smart cards," highlighting Mondex, the electronic purse developed in the United Kingdom. Predicts that cash will be replaced by "e-cash," which is cheaper to make, more portable, and…