WorldWideScience

Sample records for capitation fee

  1. Asset management and the calculation of capital costs for mains-usage fees

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article discusses the requirements stipulated in the Swiss Electricity Supply Law that capital costs for all mains-levels must be declared on a yearly basis. The costs are calculated from current market value and depreciation according to technical lifetime. The authors examine the requirements placed on the declaration of capital costs and how they are calculated. The detailed book-keeping needed is discussed as is the large volume of data involved. The role of existing mains information systems is looked at, as are methods of assessing current assets. Experience gained in practice is discussed: This is taken as the basis for future processes. Utilities participating in the project and a number of solutions available are noted

  2. The effects of two auditors and non-audit services on audit fees: evidence from a small capital market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Kiertzner, Lars

    2004-01-01

    This paper adds to the scarce evidence on the determinants of audit fees in European countries outside the UK. The paper examines audit fees paid by companies listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 2002, which is the first year in which the disclosure of both audit fees and other fees paid to...... profile and auditor size. Our findings indicate similarities with respect to the determining factors, but again a distinction has to be made between large and small companies. In small Danish companies, client size and complexity in a formal technical sense are decisive, which might indicate that audits...

  3. The effects of two auditors and non-audit services on audit fees: evidence from a small capital market

    OpenAIRE

    Thinggaard, Frank; Kiertzner, Lars

    2006-01-01

    This paper adds to the scarce evidence on the determinants of audit fees in European countries outside the UK. The paper examines audit fees paid by companies listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 2002, which is the first year in which the disclosure of both audit fees and other fees paid to the auditor at the consolidated group level has been required by the Danish Financial Statements Act. Until 1/1-2005, listed companies are required to be audited by two independent auditors. Here, we...

  4. Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Coulangeon, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Empruntée à l’appareil conceptuel de l’économie, la notion de capital désigne en première analyse l’ensemble des ressources dont disposent les individus et les groupes et qui affectent leurs trajectoires, notamment dans les domaines scolaire, professionnel, matrimonial et familial. La sociologie contemporaine se saisit le plus souvent du concept pour en souligner les différentes espèces : capital économique, capital culturel et capital social, principalement. Si le capital économique désigne ...

  5. The effects of two auditors and non-audit services on audit fees: evidence from a small capital market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiertzner, Lars; Thinggaard, Frank

    2005-01-01

    of such companies involve a relatively large proportion of accessory accounting services in the audit service. In the generic large company, other decisive factors than client size include complexity of substance and general client risk, indicating that the typical audit of such companies is to a...... indicate that having two independent auditors reduces total audit fees (most likely due to competitive pressure), but only for larger companies. We have used the core audit fee determinants model, which is a result of international research, with generic proxy variables for client size, complexity, risk...... profile and auditor size. Our findings indicate similarities with respect to the determining factors, but again a distinction has to be made between large and small companies. In small Danish companies, client size and complexity in a formal technical sense are decisive, which might indicate that audits...

  6. Overview of gas processing fee practices in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The negotiation of gas processing fees from the perspective of the natural gas producer are summarized. Some of the topics discussed are: evaluation of fee proposals, capital cost estimates, pipeline capital fees, compressor capital fees, plant capital fees, upper and lower limits on fees, (JP-90 and JP-95), negotiation options, operating costs, production allocation, and processing agreements. Several case studies involving one or more of these items were reviewed by way of illustration. The importance of documentation of all agreements, changes to agreements, commitments, etc., was stressed

  7. The Effect of Two Auditors and Non-audit Services on Audit Fees: Evidence from a Small Capital Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Kiertzner, Lars

    2004-01-01

    companies client size and complexity in a formal technical sense is decisive which might indicate that audits of such companies involve a relatively large proportion of accessory accounting service immanent in the audit service. In the generic large company decisive factors besides client size are...... generic proxy variables for client size, complexity, risk profile and auditor size contributing to the level of audit fees. Our findings indicate similarities with respect to the determining factors, but again a distinction has to be made between segments of large and small companies. In the small Danish...... complexity of substance and general client risk thus indicating that the typical audit of such a large company to a greater extent is planned considering risk and materiality. In contrast to most prior international research, no general Big Four effect could be established by analyzing Danish data. However...

  8. 1 CFR 455.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 455.10 Section 455.10 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS) § 455.10 Fees. (a) The... the individual), the Commission will charge a fee of $0.25 per page (maximum per page dimension of...

  9. Capital Mobility and Asset Pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Duffie, Darrell; Strulovici, Bruno

    2009-01-01

    We present a model for the equilibrium movement of capital between asset markets that are distinguished only by the levels of capital invested in each. Investment in that market with the greatest amount of capital earns the lowest risk premium. Intermediaries optimally trade off the costs of intermediation against fees that depend on the gain they can offer to investors for moving their capital to the market with the higher mean return. Those fees also depend on the bargaining power of the in...

  10. 48 CFR 970.1504-1-7 - Fee base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... fee base is an estimate of necessary allowable costs, with some exclusions. It is used in the fee... performed, shall be exclusive of the cost of source and special nuclear materials; estimated costs of land... part of the estimated cost of capital equipment (other than special equipment) which the...

  11. 13 CFR 108.330 - Grant issuance fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant issuance fee. 108.330 Section 108.330 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Application and Approval Process for NMVC Company Designation § 108.330 Grant issuance fee. An Applicant must pay to SBA a...

  12. Fee Schedules - General Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A fee schedule is a complete listing of fees used by Medicare to pay doctors or other providers-suppliers. This comprehensive listing of fee maximums is used to...

  13. 77 FR 18704 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 Fees AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Final rule... additional fee for a particular service: Travel expenses in connection with educational activities. DATES... INFORMATION: Background This final rule adjusts Copyright Office's schedule of fees by adding a fee for...

  14. From capital to capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    HOW easy it is for one who lives in Beijing, capital of the country, to have the impression that all things significant happen there! This is to forget how there are now many provincial capitals in China, that are rapidly modernizing. In order to achieve such modernization, these cities, like

  15. EDUCATION FEES

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division wishes to remind members of the personnel that, according to Article R IV 1.13 of the Staff Regulations, the amount of any financial benefit linked to education fees received from a source outside the Organization is deducted from the benefits paid by the Organization. Similarly, housing benefit, allowances or any other contributions towards the cost of accommodation shall also be deducted from the amount paid by CERN. The Human Resources Division also wishes to draw the attention of members of the personnel to the provisions of Article R IV 1.24 (Journey expenses) which state: 'Three times per period of two years the Organization shall reimburse the journey expenses in respect of each child covered by the provisions of Article R A 8.01 a) for the return trip between the duty station of the member of the personnel and the educational establishment.' Members of the personnel are reminded that the ticket or proof of payment of th...

  16. Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Outpatient clinical laboratory services are paid based on a fee schedule in accordance with Section 1833(h) of the Social Security Act. The clinical laboratory fee...

  17. Intellectual Capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Herbert W.; Pierce, Jennifer Burek

    2002-01-01

    This review focuses on intellectual capital and its relationship to information professionals. Discusses asset recognition; national practices and the acceptance of intellectual capital; definitions of intellectual capital; measuring intellectual capital, including multiple and single variable measures; managing intellectual capital; and knowledge…

  18. 78 FR 59824 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION 36 CFR Part 1958 RIN 3095-AB81 Fees AGENCY: National Archives and Records...) is changing its records fees regulation to remove the payment policy section, which sets out methods... regulation on fees. The proposed change also includes notice that the methods of payment information...

  19. 78 FR 4784 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... for fees submitted 1-90 days late; and to establish a fingerprinting fee payment process. 77 FR 5178... (Appeal Proceedings Before the Commission), thereby removing former parts 524, 539, and 577. 77 FR 58941... National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 514 Fees AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission,...

  20. NOTES ABOUT ATTORNEY'S FEES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Luiz Zanon Junior

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the brazilian attorney's fees system, aiming to address the issues concerning, first, the viability (or not of condemnation of the loser to compensate the winning party in the amount of the attorney's fees expedend by the winner, and also, second, the possibility of paying attorney's fees in favor of the public lawyers, in addition of his salary.

  1. Erotic Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Natalie Madeleine; Jensen, Benjamin; Engstrøm, Emma; Maas, Jannik; Majchrzak, Izabela

    2016-01-01

    This project “Erotic Capital” concerns the topic and theory of Erotic Capital, coined by Catherine Hakim. The idea of Erotic Capital derives from Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of Personal Capitals – in this, Erotic Capital is discussed as an additional Personal Capital. In connection to the investigation of the theory Erotic Capital, certain theories of Feminism, Masculinity, Femininity, Gender and Cultural Differences are explored and examined. This is done in order to study how these theories...

  2. 13 CFR 108.1130 - Leverage fees payable by NMVC Company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Company. 108.1130 Section 108.1130 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM SBA Financial Assistance for NMVC Companies (Leverage) General Information About Obtaining Leverage § 108.1130 Leverage fees payable by NMVC Company. There is no fee for...

  3. Franchise fees in practice

    OpenAIRE

    Jana Vaškovičová

    2010-01-01

    The company quite often seek the opportunity to co-operate with the business networks. Especially in times of economic crisis, now under the aegis of a strong group may become the only way the firm's survival. One of the possibilities of cooperation is franchising. The paper focuses on franchise fees applied in the franchising. Franchisee under the franchise contract the franchisor shall pay various types of fees. The paper defines franchise fees, analyzes their situation in Czech franchise c...

  4. 13 CFR 108.2003 - Grant issuance fee for SSBICs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant issuance fee for SSBICs. 108.2003 Section 108.2003 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Requirements and Procedures for Operational Assistance Grants to NMVC Companies and SSBICs § 108.2003 Grant issuance...

  5. "No Fee" Schools in South Africa. Policy Brief Number 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motala, Shireen; Sayeed, Yusuf

    2009-01-01

    40% of schools in South Africa, namely the poorest two-fifths as determined by poverty indicators, were declared to be no fee schools as of 2007. These schools receive larger state allocations per learner than other schools, as well as a higher allocation for non-personnel, non-capital expenditure. In other schools parents may continue to apply…

  6. Displaced Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Valerie A. Ramey; SHAPIRO, MATTHEW D

    1998-01-01

    This paper studies the efficiency with which physical capital can be reallocated across sectors. It presents a model of a firm selling specialized capital in a thin resale market. The model predicts that the selling price depends not only on the sectoral specificity of capital, but also on the thinness of the market and the discount factor of the firm. It then provides empirical evidence on the sectoral mobility of capital based on equipment-level data from aerospace industry auctions. These ...

  7. Capital budgeting

    OpenAIRE

    Dorel BERCEANU; Costel IONAŞCU

    2009-01-01

    This paper has like objective to present some aspects concerning capital budgeting. So, after a short introduction where we specify necessary conditions for a decision situation and we define investment decision and capital budgeting we made a large presentation of stages of capital budgeting process.

  8. Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouritsen, Jan; Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2015-01-01

    Intellectual capital (IC) consists of human capital, organizational capital, and relational capital, and their relationships. It has been said to be important to explain the difference between market value and book value of a firm, but measurement of IC is more likely to be important because it...... forms a starting point for understanding and managing value-creating processes. Three distinct agendas within IC management and research can be identified. The first concerns to measure the components of IC, the second attempts to relate indicators to effects using statistical models, while the third...

  9. DMEPOS Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The list contains the fee schedule amounts, floors, and ceilings for all procedure codes and payment category, jurisdication, and short description assigned to each...

  10. Physician Fee Schedule Search

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This website is designed to provide information on services covered by the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS). It provides more than 10,000 physician services,...

  11. Reimbursement of school fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Members of the personnel are reminded that only school fees from educational establishments recognized by local legislation are reimbursed by the Organization. Human Resources Division Tel. 72862/74474

  12. Credit card interchange fees

    OpenAIRE

    Rochet, Jean-Charles; Wright, Julian

    2009-01-01

    We build a model of credit card pricing that explicitly takes into account credit functionality. We show that a monopoly card network always selects an interchange fee that exceeds the level that maximizes consumer surplus. If regulators only care about consumer surplus, a conservative regulatory approach is to cap interchange fees based on retailers’ net avoided costs from not having to provide credit themselves. In the model, this always raises consumer surplus compared to the unregulated o...

  13. Capital gains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article examines African and Middle East oil and natural gas project financing. Capital markets financing, Ras Laffan's project bonds, capital market issues in Saudi Arabia, the movement toward gas and away from oil, and Islamic opportunities are discussed, African and Middle East oil and gas projects are listed. (UK)

  14. Celebration Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Boykoff, Jules

    2014-01-01

    Capitalism is a nimble shapeshifter. In this talk Jules Boykoff draws from the history of the Olympic Games to offer a theory of “celebration capitalism,” a form of modern-day economics that complements Naomi Klein’s “disaster capitalism” marked by neoliberalism: privatization, deregulation, and free-market rhetoric.

  15. 10 CFR 9.85 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 9.85 Section 9.85 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PUBLIC RECORDS Privacy Act Regulations Fees § 9.85 Fees. Fees shall not be charged for search or... available for review, although fees may be charged for additional copies. Fees established under 31...

  16. 10 CFR 1707.301 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Information Act fee regulations at 10 CFR part 1703. (c) Witness fees. Fees for attendance by a witness will... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1707.301 Section 1707.301 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR... Schedule of Fees § 1707.301 Fees. (a) Generally. The General Counsel may condition the production...

  17. 24 CFR 320.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 320.17 Section 320.17 Housing... SECURITIES Pass-Through Type Securities § 320.17 Fees. The Association may impose application fees, guaranty fees, securities transfer fees and other fees....

  18. CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND VENTURE CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becsky-Nagy Patricia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Venture capital significantly changes the capital structure of the portfolio company at the time of the investment. Venture capitalists contribute to the company’s success through their active involvement in the management and their added value appears in the increase of the value of the equity. At the same time with taking active role in the management, agency problem occurs, that complicates the cooperation and the success of exit. In this article we search the answer for the question whether the preferred equity, that are commonly used in the US for bridging the agency problem, are used and able to help Hungarian venture capitalists to manage agency problems. On the other hand we examined how the venture capital affect capital structure, how the venture capitalists value added appear in the capital structure. During the evaluation of the three case studies, we came to the conclusion, that the venture capital investments have positive effect on the liabilities of the enterprises, as the capital structure indexes show. However, the investors need the ownership, which help them to step up resolutely, when things change for the worse, and companies need the expertise, which the investors bring with their personal assistance. The investor’s new attitude also has positive effect on a mature company, which has an experienced leader, because he can show another aspect, as a person who come from outside. During the examination of the capital structure, we cannot disregard the events of the company’s environment, which have effects on the firm. The investor’s decisions also appear different ways. Because of this, every venture capital investment is different, just as the capital structure of the firms, in which they invest.

  19. DOSTOYEVSKI'S "CAPITAL"

    OpenAIRE

    GUNAL, E. Zeynep

    2012-01-01

    Dostoyevski who was always in need of money and in debt, wrote two great novels about capital: "Idiot" and "Crime and Punishment". In these novels the writer tries to prove the negative effects of capital on people. This article particularly focuses on "Crime and Punishment". Because crime is discussed as the multi-dimensional factor in this work. Moreover, it is claimed that in the troika of crime which formed of Raskolnikov, Svidrigaylov and Luzhin, Luzhin is the most dangerous character w...

  20. Intellectual Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Mardešič, Jakub

    2011-01-01

    The work is focused on intellectual capital and its reporting of intangible assets. First part of the work defines the basic theoretical principles, which are an essential part of the work for understanding the issue. Literature review discusses the various components of intellectual capital and focuses on their function within organizations. Work also discusses various approaches of literature and the authors developing a complex theoretical basis for this issue. The following practical part...

  1. Capitalizing China

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Fan; Randall Morck; Bernard Yeung

    2011-01-01

    Despite a vast accumulation of private capital, China is not embracing capitalism. Deceptively familiar capitalist features disguise the profoundly unfamiliar foundations of "market socialism with Chinese characteristics." The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), by controlling the career advancement of all senior personnel in all regulatory agencies, all state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and virtually all major financial institutions state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and senior Party positions in all ...

  2. Reimbursement of education fees / accommodation fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Your attention is drawn to the 20 km distance limit set in Article R A 8.01 of the Staff Regulations, namely, that only accommodation fees of students attending an educational establishment which is more than 20 km from the place of residence and the duty station of the member of the personnel are reimbursed by the Organization, subject to the percentage rate and maximum amounts set out in this article and in Administrative Circular N° 12. Human Resources Division Tel: 72862 / 74474

  3. Reminder : Reimbursement of education fees / accommodation fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Your attention is drawn to the 20 km distance limit set in Article R A 8.01 of the Staff Regulations, namely, that only accommodation fees of students attending an educational establishment which is more than 20 km from the place of residence and the duty station of the member of the personnel are reimbursed by the Organization, subject to the percentage rate and maximum amounts set out in this article and in Administrative Circular N° 12. Human Resources Division Tel : 72862 / 74474

  4. 48 CFR 970.5215-1 - Total available fee: Base fee amount and performance fee amount.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... requirements, including performance based incentives completed during the period, and determine the total... total available fee amount earned shall be based. The Performance Evaluation and Measurement Plan(s... fee amount and performance fee amount. 970.5215-1 Section 970.5215-1 Federal Acquisition...

  5. 77 FR 5178 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... submissions; and formalizing the fingerprinting fee system. 76 FR 62684. III. Review of Public Comments In... should utilize to make revisions. 75 FR 70680. On April 4, 2011, after holding eight consultations and... consultation schedule and process for review. 76 FR 18457. Part 514 was included in the first regulatory...

  6. Intelligence Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maid Pajevic

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article presents a new theoretical concept of intelligence capital, with which he explains the multi-meaningful term ‘intelligence’. The author offers a conceptual frame „intelligence capital“ as a generic complex consisting of four interactively linked elements. The contribution of this article is, among other things, an answer to a question: What is an applicative value of intelligence capital as a new theoretical concept for the sys­tem of security and intelligence of BiH? Historical context implies greater responsibility of OSA BiH in realising its preventive function of protecting security of BiH and its citizens. Theoretical frame of the intelligence capital implies that the system of security and intelligence of BiH should be able to respond to strategic questions: to know-what, to know – why, to know – how, to know – who.

  7. 49 CFR 665.23 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 665.23 Section 665.23 Transportation Other... TRANSPORTATION BUS TESTING Operations § 665.23 Fees. (a) The operator shall charge fees in accordance with a schedule approved by FTA, which shall include prorated fees for partial testing. (b) Fees shall be...

  8. Fees at California's Public Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    Fees at California's public colleges and universities have increased in the past two decades, but are still lower than fees at comparable institutions in other states. Fees for full-time undergraduate students at the University of California were $8,027 in 2008-09 and fees at California State University were $3,849. Fees are likely to rise for the…

  9. 28 CFR 802.22 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 802.22 Section 802.22 Judicial... Privacy Act § 802.22 Fees. The Agency shall charge fees under the Privacy Act for duplication of records only. These fees shall be at the same rate the Agency charges for duplication fees under the Freedom...

  10. 32 CFR 776.24 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 776.24 Section 776.24 National Defense... Professional Conduct § 776.24 Fees. (a) Fees: (1) A covered USG attorney shall not accept any salary, fee... official capacity, unless so authorized by the JAG. (4) Covered non-USG attorneys may charge fees....

  11. 49 CFR 802.15 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 802.15 Section 802.15 Transportation Other... PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Fees § 802.15 Fees. No fees shall be charged for providing the first copy of a record, or any portion thereof, to individuals to whom the record pertains. The fee schedule for...

  12. 45 CFR 1100.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1100.6 Section 1100.6 Public Welfare... Fees. (a) Categories of fees. Fees will be charged according to the Category of the FOIA request. (1... fees which, recover the full reasonable cost for searching for and duplicating the requested...

  13. 21 CFR 1314.42 - Self-certification fee; time and method of fee payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Self-certification fee; time and method of fee... fee; time and method of fee payment. (a) A regulated seller must pay a fee for each self-certification... substances. (c) A regulated seller shall pay the fee at the time of self-certification. (d) Payment shall...

  14. Intelligence Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Maid Pajevic

    2011-01-01

    The author of this article presents a new theoretical concept of intelligence capital, with which he explains the multi-meaningful term ‘intelligence’. The author offers a conceptual frame „intelligence capital“ as a generic complex consisting of four interactively linked elements. The contribution of this article is, among other things, an answer to a question: What is an applicative value of intelligence capital as a new theoretical concept for the sys­tem of security and intelligence of Bi...

  15. Trinidadian capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin A. Yelvington

    1999-01-01

    [First paragraph] Capitalism: An Ethnographic Approach. DANIEL MILLER. Oxford: Berg, 1997. x + 357 pp. (Cloth £39.00, Paper £17.99) Women, Labour and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago: A History. RHODA E. REDDOCK. London: Zed, 1994. vi + 346 pp. (Cloth £39.95, Paper £15.95) Despite the underdeveloped state of the scholarship on its admittedly short sugar plantation slavery period, we now have a corpus of studies on various aspects of capitalism in Trinidad - from its histor...

  16. Do the Best Scholars and Economists Attract the Highest Speaking Fees?

    OpenAIRE

    Ho Fai Chan; Frey, Bruno S.; Jana Gallus; Markus Schaffner; Benno Torgler; Stephen Whyte

    2013-01-01

    External prominence (measured by the number of pages indexed on search engines or TED talk invitations) can be capitalized on the speakers' market while research performance (measured by publication and citation indicators) cannot. There is thus a clear distinction between the capitalization of external and internal prominence. Success through authorship of books is also positively correlated with speaking fees, however once we control for external prominence the statistical significance disa...

  17. Allergy Capitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... McAllen, TX The report looks at 3 important factors: Pollen score Allergy medication usage Availability of Board-certified allergists This year’s report named Jackson, Mississippi, as the top Spring Allergy Capital due to its: Higher than average pollen Higher ...

  18. Dream capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Pierson, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    John Tomasi’s Free Market Fairness represents an heroic attempt to bridge the gap between Rawlsian ‘high liberals’ and the advocates of classical liberalism/contemporary libertarianism. I argue that Tomasi’s project fails, above all because it cannot give a compelling account of contemporary (American) capitalism or of its capacity to deliver free market fairness.

  19. Optimal Payment Cards Fees

    OpenAIRE

    Assaf Eilat

    2007-01-01

    Credit card rebates, which are paid to all credit card users regardless of borrowing, have grown substantially. This paper analyzes this phenomenon by comparing the socially and privately optimal interchange fees in debit and credit cards. Compared to debit cards, credit cards raise efficiency by allowing convenient borrowing, but also tax nonholders in order to finance the rebates paid to credit card users. A welfare enhancing and legally feasible policy is suggested, under which the regress...

  20. Trinidadian capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin A. Yelvington

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Capitalism: An Ethnographic Approach. DANIEL MILLER. Oxford: Berg, 1997. x + 357 pp. (Cloth £39.00, Paper £17.99 Women, Labour and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago: A History. RHODA E. REDDOCK. London: Zed, 1994. vi + 346 pp. (Cloth £39.95, Paper £15.95 Despite the underdeveloped state of the scholarship on its admittedly short sugar plantation slavery period, we now have a corpus of studies on various aspects of capitalism in Trinidad - from its historical advent (Sebastien 1978 to its twentieth-century manifestation in the petroleum sector (Seers 1964; Sandoval 1983, and from the ethnic structure of labor markets (Camejo 1971; Harewood 1971 and the role of capitalism in racial/ethnic inequality (Henry 1993; Coppin & Olsen 1998 to the way ethnicity affects business, big (Button 1981; Parris 1985; Centre for Ethnic Studies 1993 and small (Ryan & Barclay 1992; Griffith 1997, and the way ethnicity and gender are used in class recruitment (Yelvington 1995. There are also a number of fine working-class histories (e.g., Rennie 1973; Ramdin 1982; Basdeo 1983 and important works on the labor riots and strikes and the nature of the colonial state during the crises of the 1930s (e.g., Thomas 1987; Singh 1994. The two books under review here complement the works mentioned above, and they complement each other as well: Reddock's deals with the way capitalism up to the mid-century was buttressed by colonial politics, and explores how this formation engendered certain kinds of political responses, while Miller approaches capitalism through the assumption that fundamental changes in the post-Oil Boom period (ca. 1973-80 brought about considerable autonomy between production and consumption that can and should now be read through an analysis of the cultural circulation of images and commodities in the society. These books are both noteworthy because they engage in explicit theorizing on what capitalism was and is, and what it did and

  1. Instrumental Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Valerio

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available During the history of human kind, since our first ancestors, tools have represented a mean to reach objectives which might otherwise seemed impossibles. In the called New Economy, where tangibles assets appear to be losing the role as the core element to produce value versus knowledge, tools have kept aside man in his dairy work. In this article, the author's objective is to describe, in a simple manner, the importance of managing the organization's group of tools or instruments (Instrumental Capital. The characteristic conditions of this New Economy, the way Knowledge Management deals with these new conditions and the sub-processes that provide support to the management of Instrumental Capital are described.

  2. Contagious Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Peter T. Leeson; Russell S. Sobel

    2006-01-01

    Is capitalism contagious? Since WWI, global foreign policy has treated economic freedom/repression like a virus that spreads between countries. Most recently, the ?domino theory? of freedom has played prominently in U.S. foreign policy toward Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean during the Cold War, and the Middle East during the War on Terror. This paper investigates the spread of economic freedom between nations. Our analysis considers two potential channels of this spread: geography and ...

  3. 75 FR 59661 - Update of Overflight Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... policy guidance on user fees, based on actual cost and activity data for FY 2008, fee increases of... Overflight Fees, which are presently based on Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 cost and activity data. The fees have not... complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or...

  4. 36 CFR 1002.23 - Recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Recreation Area in accordance with 36 CFR part 71. (b) Entering designated entrance fee areas or using... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation fees. 1002.23... RECREATION § 1002.23 Recreation fees. (a) Recreation fees shall be charged in the area administered by...

  5. 16 CFR 1025.49 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1025.49 Section 1025.49 Commercial... § 1025.49 Fees. (a) Fees for deponents and witnesses. Any person compelled to appear in person in response to a subpoena or notice of deposition shall be paid the same attendance and mileage fees as...

  6. 31 CFR 16.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 16.25 Section 16.25 Money and... REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and... United States District Court. A check for witness fees and mileage shall accompany the subpoena...

  7. 14 CFR 1212.204 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1212.204 Section 1212.204 Aeronautics... § 1212.204 Fees. (a) Fees will not be charged for: (1) Search for a retrieval of the requesting... is determined to be in the best interest of the Government. (b) Fees for the duplication of...

  8. 77 FR 30542 - Air Cargo Screening Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... the Federal Register.\\5\\ \\4\\ 76 FR 51848. Section 1540.209 of the 2006 rulemaking stated that a fee of... amounts and any revisions to the fee amounts as a notice in the Federal Register. \\5\\ 76 FR 51857. The... additional 30 days. TSA responds to comments submitted on the fee below. \\6\\ 76 FR 53080. Fee Amount By...

  9. 22 CFR 1502.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1502.7 Fees. (a) When charged. Fees shall be... information primarily benefits the general public. Fees shall also not be charged where they would amount,...

  10. 18 CFR 3b.223 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 3b.223 Section 3b... INFORMATION Rules for Disclosure of Records § 3b.223 Fees. (a) Fees will be charged for the direct cost of... the records. Any person may obtain a copy of the Commission's schedule of fees by telephone, by...

  11. 20 CFR 498.210 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 498.210 Section 498.210 Employees... § 498.210 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness.... A check for witness fees and mileage will accompany the subpoena when served, except that when...

  12. 6 CFR 5.29 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 5.29 Section 5.29 Domestic Security... § 5.29 Fees. (a) Components shall charge fees for duplication of records under the Privacy Act in the same way in which they charge duplication fees under § 5.11. (b) The Department shall not process...

  13. 22 CFR 707.23 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 707.23 Section 707.23 Foreign Relations... INFORMATION IN RECORDS OF THE CORPORATION Notification; Access to Records; Amendment; Fees § 707.23 Fees. The fees to be charged by the Corporation for making copies of any records provided to any individual...

  14. 22 CFR 504.14 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... charged by the BBG in its Freedom of Information Act regulations at 22 CFR Part 503. (c) Witness fees... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 504.14 Section 504.14 Foreign Relations... OFFICIAL INFORMATION IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Schedule of Fees § 504.14 Fees. (a) Generally. The...

  15. 14 CFR 47.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 47.17 Section 47.17 Aeronautics and... General § 47.17 Fees. (a) The fees for applications under this part are as follows: (1) Certificate of... Certificate of Registration 2.00 (b) Each application must be accompanied by the proper fee, that may be...

  16. 25 CFR 307.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 307.6 Section 307.6 Indians INDIAN ARTS AND CRAFTS BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NAVAJO ALL-WOOL WOVEN FABRICS; USE OF GOVERNMENT CERTIFICATE OF GENUINENESS § 307.6 Fees. Each licensee shall pay a registration fee of $2, together with a license fee...

  17. 77 FR 3506 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... Copyright Office Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Notice of Inquiry; Fees. SUMMARY: The U.S. Copyright Office is in the process of reviewing its fees for services and will publish a proposed revised fee schedule in the spring. As part of the process of formulating...

  18. 14 CFR 1264.124 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1264.124 Section 1264.124 Aeronautics... PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.124 Fees. The party requesting a supoena shall pay the cost of the fees and... United States District Court. A check for witness fees and mileage shall accompany the subpoena...

  19. 22 CFR 1304.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1304.9 Section 1304.9 Foreign Relations MILLENNIUM CHALLENGE CORPORATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROCEDURES § 1304.9 Fees. (a) General. Fees... for services rendered by MCC in response to requests for records under this part. MCC's fee...

  20. 20 CFR 401.95 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 401.95 Section 401.95 Employees... Privacy Act § 401.95 Fees. (a) Policy. Where applicable, we will charge fees for copying records in accordance with the schedule set forth in this section. We may only charge fees where you request that a...

  1. 10 CFR 1304.107 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1304.107 Section 1304.107 Energy NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1304.107 Fees. A fee will not be charged for searching, reviewing, or making corrections to records. A fee for copying will be assessed at the same rate...

  2. 18 CFR 1301.21 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 1301.21 Section... § 1301.21 Fees. (a) Fees to be charged, if any, to any individual for making copies of his or her record exclude the cost of any search and review of the record. The following fees are applicable: (1)...

  3. 10 CFR 1008.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1008.13 Section 1008.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY... § 1008.13 Fees. (a) The only fees to be charged to or collected from an individual under the provisions of this part are for copying records at the request of the individual. The fee charged shall...

  4. 45 CFR 503.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 503.9 Section 503.9 Public Welfare... Regulations § 503.9 Fees. Fees to be charged, if any, to any individual for making copies of that individual's... or because those services are required by some other law, the question of charging fees for...

  5. 4 CFR 200.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 200.7 Section 200.7 Accounts RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 200.7 Fees. A fee will not be charged for searching, reviewing, or making corrections to records. A fee for copying will be assessed at the same rate...

  6. 5 CFR 295.301 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... at 5 CFR part 294. (c) Witness fees. Fees for attendance by a witness will include fees, expenses... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 295.301 Section 295.301... RELATING TO OFFICIAL INFORMATION AND PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Schedule of...

  7. 22 CFR 503.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 503.7 Section 503.7 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATION § 503.7 Fees. (a) Fees to be charged... category of request and the type of fees that we will generally charge. However, for each of...

  8. 25 CFR 700.251 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 700.251 Section 700.251 Indians THE OFFICE OF... § 700.251 Fees. (a) Services for which fees may be charged. (1) Unless waived pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (c) of this section, user fees shall be charged for document search and...

  9. 40 CFR 1602.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 1602.9 Section 1602.9 Protection... INDIVIDUAL RECORDS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1602.9 Fees. The CSB will charge fees for duplication of records under the Privacy Act in the same way in which it charges duplication fees under the FOIA...

  10. 32 CFR 310.20 - Reproduction fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... portions of the fee schedule in 32 CFR part 286. ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reproduction fees. 310.20 Section 310.20... PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Access by Individuals § 310.20 Reproduction fees. (a) Assessing fees....

  11. 28 CFR 802.10 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee schedule. 802.10 Section 802.10... DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Freedom of Information Act § 802.10 Fee schedule. (a) The fees described in this section conform to the Office of Management and Budget Uniform Freedom of Information Act Fee Schedule...

  12. 45 CFR 5.43 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 5.43 Section 5.43 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Fees § 5.43 Fee schedule. HHS charges the following fees: (a) Manual searching for or reviewing of...

  13. 29 CFR 2702.6 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... indicated in advance his willingness to pay fees as high as those anticipated. Fees may be charged even if... estimated amount of fees, unless the requester has indicated in advance his willingness to pay fees as high... and records shall be the salary rate (that is, basic pay plus 16%) of the employee making the...

  14. 32 CFR 701.45 - Fee assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee assessment. 701.45 Section 701.45 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC FOIA Fees § 701.45 Fee assessment. (a) Fees may not be used to...

  15. 13 CFR 120.972 - Third Party Lender participation fee and CDC fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... BUSINESS LOANS Development Company Loan Program (504) Fees § 120.972 Third Party Lender participation fee... when the Third Party Lender occupies a senior credit position to SBA in the Project. (b) CDC fee....

  16. Flexible Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how the...... perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified...... flexible commoditization that more commonly is touted as tearing social relations apart. By interrogating a keenly debated contemporary work regime through an approach to sociality rooted in a rich and distinct anthropological legacy, the volume also makes a novel contribution to the anthropological...

  17. Understanding Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    du Gay, Paul; Morgan, Glenn

    2013-01-01

    they are to be sustained. Such logics are stabilized to the degree that they can pass the tests which they set themselves. The chapter shows how the projective city has increasingly failed these tests. It has instead created a privileged group of ‘mobile citizens’ working with mobile, global capital in...... ways that increasingly depend on a static, immobile group who are poorly paid, whose employment rights have been undermined and whose political voice is increasingly ignored. The chapter shows how Boltanski's pragmatist approach to critique as emergent from the experience of the actors themselves...... rather than being imposed by the analyst provides the basis for an understanding of how social and artistic critiques emerge. Whilst recognizing that New Spirits inevitably bears the marks of its origins in the particular context of France in the late 1990s, the chapter argues that there are key aspects...

  18. Placing social capital

    OpenAIRE

    G Mohan; J Mohan

    2002-01-01

    Metadata only record This paper looks at the relevance and contributions of social capital analysis to human geography and vise versa. The authors start by defining social capital and clarifying and distinguishing concepts, and critiques of Putnam's work. Social capital is simultaneously an economic, sociological, political, and geographical concept, but it must be distinguished from human capital, cultural capital, and networks. Social capital can be relevant to human geographers because ...

  19. 48 CFR 915.404-4-71-6 - Fee base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 915.404-4-71-6 Fee base. (a) The fee base shown... fees on special equipment shall be based on the estimated purchase price of the equipment. (d) The fee... estimate of cost to which a percentage factor is applied to determine maximum fee allowances. The fee...

  20. National accounting and capital

    OpenAIRE

    John M. Hartwick

    2012-01-01

    National Accounting and Capital presents definitive solutions to current problems in national accounting practice. Professor Hartwick deals expertly with problems in accounting natural capital, financial capital and skills capital and communicates his solutions in specially designed national accounting tables or matrices.

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS SKILLS MODULE FOR HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Moré, Dailien; Castro Rafael de; Rill Edgar

    2015-01-01

    Today firms advocate buy a business improvement depends on proper reach staff selection considering the level of commitment, work attitude, skills and competencies of each person in the performance of the functions of the various fees and jobs. This research proposes a module occupational competency (CL) that would strengthen the Human Capital Management (GCH). The proposal may encourage national institutions and increase their productivity sustained employment success for the ...

  2. Including Hospice in Medicare Capitation Payments: Would it Save Money?

    OpenAIRE

    Riley, Gerald; Herboldsheimer, Charles

    2001-01-01

    Hospice services received by Medicare risk-based health maintenance organization (HMO) enrollees are paid on a non-capitated basis, creating financial incentives for HMOs to encourage their terminally ill patients to elect hospice. Using Medicare administrative records for 1998, we found that hospice enrollment in the last month of life was significantly higher among HMO enrollees than among beneficiaries in fee-for-service (FFS). However, low mortality rates among HMO enrollees produced simi...

  3. Capitalism and human flourishing?

    OpenAIRE

    Gasper, D.R.

    2009-01-01

    What interpretation of human flourishing, what ideas of value does capitalism in practice embody and promote? To address this question the paper clarifies first that "capitalism" must be understood as more than merely a system of private property and markets. It contains "the prerogative of capital", in which surplus remains with the owners of capital, and "the perspective of capital", in which hired work is defined as a cost. The question must also be distinguished from more conventional one...

  4. Capitalism and justification

    OpenAIRE

    Birešev Ana

    2009-01-01

    Weber's thesis that the spirit of capitalism was preexistent to the rise of capitalism itself inspired many sociologist to search for the cultural background of contemporary forms of capitalism. In this paper, the author focuses on and makes comparisons of three approaches of such kind. The one approach draws from Luc Boltanski and Ève Chiapello who examine the development of 'new spirit of capitalism' by focusing on the interrelation of two macroactors - capitalism and critique; the other on...

  5. 7 CFR 3.34 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Referral of Debts to Treasury § 3.34 Fees. Federal agencies operating Treasury-designated debt collection centers are authorized to charge a fee for services rendered... the debt as an administrative cost....

  6. DME Prosthetics Orthotics, and Supplies Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics-Orthotics, and Supplies Fee Schedule. The list contains the fee schedule amounts, floors, and ceilings for all procedure...

  7. Education fees – New forms

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    The application forms for the payment of education fees have been updated and are now available in the Admin e-guide (under the “Useful Documents” heading):   Payment of education fees (including language course fees) – AC12A (form to be used by staff members recruited before 1 January 2007, with the exception of former “local staff”).   Payment of education fees – AC12B (form to be used by staff members recruited on or after 1 January 2007, by fellows, scientific associates and guest professors and by former “local staff” whose contracts started before 1 January 2007). The Education Fees service will continue to accept the old forms until the end of the current academic year, i.e. until 31 August 2015. Members of the personnel are reminded that any false declaration or failure to declare information with a view to deceiving others or achieving a gain that would result in a financial loss for CERN or...

  8. 22 CFR 1101.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... statute (for example, 22 CFR part 1102—Freedom of Information Act.) (d) Remittances shall be in the form... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1101.11 Section 1101.11 Foreign Relations... § 1101.11 Fees. (a) Under the Act, fees can only be charged for the cost of copying records. No fees...

  9. Taxes, Tuition Fees and Education for Pleasure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Bo; Rose Skaksen, Jan; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj

    2011-01-01

    unconstrained, the optimal tax/fee system involves regressive income taxes and high tuition fees. A progressive labor income tax system may, on the other hand, be a second-best response to politically constrained, low tuition fees. Finally, the existence of individuals with different abilities will also move...

  10. 36 CFR 2.23 - Recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation fees. 2.23 Section... PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.23 Recreation fees. (a) Recreation fees shall be established as... sites, facilities, equipment or services, or participating in group activities, recreation events,...

  11. 36 CFR 261.17 - Recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation fees. 261.17 Section 261.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROHIBITIONS General Prohibitions § 261.17 Recreation fees. Failure to pay any recreation fee is...

  12. 22 CFR 1002.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1002.7 Section 1002.7 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1002.7 Fees. Except as otherwise specifically provided by the Foundation, a fee will be levied for all searches for, or copies of, records. These...

  13. 49 CFR 701.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 701.11 Section 701.11 Transportation Other... FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 701.11 Fees. (a) General. Amtrak shall charge for processing requests under the FOIA in accordance with this section. A fee of $9.50 per quarter hour shall be charged...

  14. 45 CFR 160.522 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 160.522 Section 160.522 Public Welfare... ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Hearings § 160.522 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena must pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable to...

  15. 25 CFR 515.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 515.9 Section 515.9 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 515.9 Fees. The Commission... Commission may charge a fee sufficient to cover the cost of duplication....

  16. 76 FR 43960 - NARA Records Reproduction Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION 36 CFR Part 1258 RIN 3095-AB71 NARA Records Reproduction Fees AGENCY: National... its regulations to add the methodology for creating and changing records reproduction fees, to remove records reproduction fees found in its regulations, and to provide a notification process for the...

  17. 6 CFR 13.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 13.25 Section 13.25 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts...

  18. 49 CFR 250.3 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 250.3 Section 250.3 Transportation Other... TRANSPORTATION GUARANTEE OF CERTIFICATES OF TRUSTEES OF RAILROADS IN REORGANIZATION § 250.3 Fees. On date of... Administrator as a guarantee fee such amount as the Administrator hereafter may determine and prescribe...

  19. 49 CFR 510.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 510.11 Section 510.11 Transportation Other... OF TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION GATHERING POWERS § 510.11 Fees. Any person compelled to appear in... administrative deposition is paid the same attendance and mileage fees as are paid witnesses in the courts of...

  20. 4 CFR 83.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 83.17 Section 83.17 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.17 Fees. (a) Generally, GAO's policy... discretion may charge a fee when the cost for copying the record (at a rate of 20 cents per page) would be...

  1. 22 CFR 521.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 521.25 Section 521.25 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fee and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts...

  2. 42 CFR 4.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 4.7 Section 4.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.7 Fees. The Director may charge reasonable fees for any service provided by the Library under this...

  3. 22 CFR 505.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 505.11 Section 505.11 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS PRIVACY ACT REGULATION § 505.11 Fees. (a) The first copy of any Agency record about you will be provided free of charge. A fee of $0.15 per page will be charged for any...

  4. 18 CFR 806.35 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 806.35 Section... APPROVAL OF PROJECTS Terms and Conditions of Approval § 806.35 Fees. Project sponsors shall have an affirmative duty to pay such fees as established by the Commission....

  5. 18 CFR 401.110 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 401.110 Section... MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401.110 Fees. (a) Unless waived in accordance with the provisions of § 401.111, the following fees shall be imposed...

  6. 48 CFR 950.7009 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 950.7009 Section 950.7009 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Nuclear Indemnification of DOE Contractors 950.7009 Fees. No fee...

  7. 22 CFR 1411.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1411.10 Section 1411.10 Foreign Relations... AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION § 1411.10 Fees. Persons requesting records from the Board, the General Counsel or the Panel shall be subject to a charge of fees for the direct cost of document search...

  8. 77 FR 72788 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... SOAs. See 77 FR 18742 (March 28, 2012). Fees were proposed in accordance with the procedure set forth... Copyright Office 37 CFR Parts 201 and 203 Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of... proposed fee schedule for filing cable and satellite statements of account following feedback...

  9. 32 CFR 725.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... official DON information or testimony under this instruction. Pursuant to 32 CFR 288.4, 288.10, these fees... or reduction of fees. The determining authority may waive or reduce fees pursuant to 32 CFR 288.4... receipts. Rates for uniformed personnel are published in NAVCOMPT Notice 7041 series. 15 Pursuant to 32...

  10. 42 CFR 1005.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1005.10 Section 1005.10 Public Health OFFICE... EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.10 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable to...

  11. 31 CFR 10.27 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 10.27 Section 10.27 Money and... Duties and Restrictions Relating to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service § 10.27 Fees. (a) In general. A practitioner may not charge an unconscionable fee in connection with any matter before...

  12. 76 FR 53636 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees ] charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the Registry as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007. DATES:...

  13. 22 CFR 303.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 303.13 Section 303.13 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 303.13 Fees... business, such as informational or recruiting brochures, no fees will be charged. (b) For each a...

  14. 49 CFR 511.49 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 511.49 Section 511.49 Transportation Other... OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Hearings § 511.49 Fees. (a) Witnesses. Any person compelled... the same attendance and mileage fees as are paid witnesses in the courts of the United States,...

  15. 10 CFR 13.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 13.25 Section 13.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable to a witness in...

  16. 34 CFR 33.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 33.25 Section 33.25 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would...

  17. 24 CFR 330.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 330.25 Section 330.25 Housing... SECURITIES § 330.25 Fees. The Association, in its discretion, through publication in the Multiclass Guide or on the GNMA electronic bulletin board, may impose fees for application, guaranty, transfer,...

  18. 45 CFR 5b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 5b.13 Section 5b.13 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 5b.13 Fees. (a) Policy. Where applicable, fees for copying records will be charged in accordance with the schedule...

  19. 42 CFR 3.522 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 3.522 Section 3.522 Public Health PUBLIC... AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Enforcement Program § 3.522 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena must pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable...

  20. 41 CFR 51-3.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fees. 51-3.5 Section 51-3... FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 3-CENTRAL NONPROFIT AGENCIES § 51-3.5 Fees. A central nonprofit agency may charge fees to nonprofit agencies for facilitating...

  1. 28 CFR 76.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 76.25 Section 76.25 Judicial... POSSESSION OF CERTAIN CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES § 76.25 Fees. Unless otherwise ordered by the Judge, the party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed. Such costs...

  2. 78 FR 53642 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... 3084-AA98 16 CFR Part 310 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Final... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the ``Registry'') as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007....

  3. 22 CFR 308.18 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 308.18 Section 308.18 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.18 Fees. No fees shall be charged for search time or for any other time expended by the agency to produce a record. Copies of records may be...

  4. 78 FR 18535 - Respirator Certification Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES 42 CFR Part 84 RIN 0920-AA42 Respirator Certification Fees AGENCY: Centers for Disease... and Human Services (HHS) proposes to revise the fee structure currently used by the National Institute... number). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This proposed rule is designed to establish fees for the...

  5. 20 CFR 355.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 355.25 Section 355.25 Employees... UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable...

  6. 42 CFR 84.258 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 84.258 Section 84.258 Public Health PUBLIC... RELATED ACTIVITIES APPROVAL OF RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES Special Use Respirators § 84.258 Fees. The following fees shall be charged for the examination, inspection, and testing of complete assemblies...

  7. 45 CFR 79.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 79.25 Section 79.25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in...

  8. 22 CFR 1507.8 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1507.8 Section 1507.8 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION § 1507.8 Fees. Fees to be charged... as true copies, attestation under the seal of the Foundation, etc.), the question of charging...

  9. 47 CFR 76.1511 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 76.1511 Section 76.1511 Telecommunication... TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1511 Fees. An open video system operator may be subject to the payment of fees on the gross revenues of the operator for the provision of cable service imposed by...

  10. 19 CFR 360.106 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 360.106 Section 360.106 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE STEEL IMPORT MONITORING AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM § 360.106 Fees. No fees will be charged for obtaining a user identification number, issuing a steel...

  11. 10 CFR 1705.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... will be charged at the same rate established for FOIA requests. See 10 CFR 1703.107. However, the first... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1705.10 Section 1705.10 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD PRIVACY ACT § 1705.10 Fees. A fee will not be charged for search or review...

  12. 34 CFR 5b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 5b.13 Section 5b.13 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 5b.13 Fees. (a) Policy. Where applicable, fees for copying records will be charged in accordance with the schedule set forth in this section....

  13. 77 FR 51697 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the ``Registry'') as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007....

  14. 25 CFR 517.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 517.9 Section 517.9 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROCEDURES § 517.9 Fees. (a) In general. Fees pursuant to the FOIA shall be assessed according to the schedule contained...

  15. 12 CFR 261a.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 261a.4 Section 261a.4 Banks and Banking... TO PERSONAL INFORMATION UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 General Provisions § 261a.4 Fees. (a) Copies of... Availability of Information, § 261.10 of this part. (b) No fee. Documents may be furnished without charge...

  16. 18 CFR 701.312 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 701.312 Section... Protection of Privacy § 701.312 Fees. (a) The Council will not charge an individual for the costs of making a... disclosing the record to the individual), the Council will charge a maximum fee of $0.25 per page...

  17. 77 FR 18742 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... undertaken in 2008 and implemented in 2009. See 74 FR 32805 (July 9, 2009). A new fee study was initiated on... offerings at this time, including, for example, additional expedited services and fee options. 77 FR 3506.... See 64 FR 29518 (June 1, 1999). Fees are set in accordance with the guidelines established by...

  18. 28 CFR 71.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 71.25 Section 71.25 Judicial... REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by the Department of Justice § 71.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in...

  19. 17 CFR 200.310 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 200.310 Section 200.310... Maintained by the Commission § 200.310 Fees. (a) A request by an individual for copies of a record pertaining... the copier and the Commission. (b) Waiver or reduction of fees. Whenever the Privacy Act...

  20. 75 FR 55269 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... that there will be no increase in the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-188, 122 Stat....

  1. 45 CFR 500.3 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 500.3 Section 500.3 Public Welfare..., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RULES OF PRACTICE APPEARANCE AND PRACTICE § 500.3 Fees. (a) The amount of attorney's fees that may be charged in connection with claims falling within the purview of title I of...

  2. 31 CFR 8.39 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 8.39 Section 8.39 Money and... AND FIREARMS Duties and Restrictions Relating to Practice § 8.39 Fees. No attorney, certified public accountant, or enrolled practitioner may charge an unconscionable fee for representing a client in any...

  3. 5 CFR 294.109 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 294.109 Section 294.109... INFORMATION Procedures for Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 294.109 Fees. (a) Applicability of fees. (1) OPM will furnish, without charge, reasonable quantities of material that it...

  4. 5 CFR 185.127 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 185.127 Section 185.127 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.127 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of...

  5. 47 CFR 1.339 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Witness fees. 1.339 Section 1.339....339 Witness fees. Witnesses who are subpenaed and respond thereto are entitled to the same fees... the party at whose instance the testimony is taken....

  6. 4 CFR 28.26 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... their normal duties caused by their testimony, and shall not receive witness fees. Payment of travel and... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees. 28.26 Section 28.26 Accounts GOVERNMENT... Parties, Practitioners and Witnesses § 28.26 Witness fees. The costs involved in the appearance...

  7. 42 CFR 426.445 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... present the witness. (b) If an ALJ requests expert testimony, the appropriate office overseeing the ALJ is... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Witness fees. 426.445 Section 426.445 Public Health... § 426.445 Witness fees. (a) A witness testifying at a hearing before an ALJ receives the same fees...

  8. 13 CFR 107.692 - Examination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... most recent prior examination, you will receive a 15% discount on your base fee; (2) If you were fully... will receive a 10% discount on your base fee; (3) If you are organized as a partnership or limited liability company, you will pay an additional charge equal to 5% of your base fee; (4) If you are a...

  9. 30 CFR 5.30 - Fee calculation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee calculation. 5.30 Section 5.30 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS FEES FOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS § 5.30 Fee calculation....

  10. 7 CFR 4290.692 - Examination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Examination fees. 4290.692 Section 4290.692... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Examination Requirements for RBICs Examinations of Rbics by the Secretary for Regulatory Compliance § 4290.692 Examination fees. (a) General. The Secretary will assess fees...

  11. 44 CFR 5.46 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 5.46 Section 5... SECURITY GENERAL PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Fees § 5.46 Fee schedule. (a) Manual searches for... schedule programs, such as but not limited to the Government Printing Office or the National...

  12. 36 CFR 902.82 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee schedule. 902.82 Section 902.82 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Fees § 902.82 Fee schedule. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section— (1) A...

  13. 49 CFR 7.43 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 7.43 Section 7.43 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Fees § 7.43 Fee schedule...-Collar Pay Schedule or equivalent grades, as follows: When performed by employees: GS-1 through...

  14. 49 CFR 10.75 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 10.75 Section 10.75 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation MAINTENANCE OF AND ACCESS TO RECORDS PERTAINING TO INDIVIDUALS Fees § 10.75 Fee schedule. (a) Copies of documents by photocopy or similar method: Each page not...

  15. 44 CFR 6.85 - Reproduction fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .../her willingness to pay fees as high as those anticipated. Such a notice shall offer a requester the... the requester has indicated in advance his/her willingness to pay fees as high as those anticipated... those requesters who fail to pay fees charged. FEMA may begin assessing interest charges on the...

  16. Capital disadvantage: America's failing capital investment system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, M E

    1992-01-01

    The U.S. system of allocating investment capital is failing, putting American companies at a serious disadvantage and threatening the long-term growth of the nation's economy. The problem, says Michael Porter, goes beyond the usual formulation of the issue: accusations of "short-termism" by U.S. managers, ineffective corporate governance by directors, or a high cost of capital. The problem involves the external capital allocation system by which capital is provided to companies, as well as the system by which companies allocate capital internally. America's system is marked by fluid capital and a financial focus. Other countries--notably Japan and Germany--have systems with dedicated capital and a focus on corporate position. In global competition, where investment increasingly determines a company's capacity to upgrade and innovate, the U.S. system does not measure up. These conclusions come out of a two-year research project sponsored by the Harvard Business School and the Council on Competitiveness. Porter recommends five far-reaching reforms to make the U.S. system superior to Japan's and Germany's: 1. Improve the present macroeconomic environment. 2. Expand true ownership throughout the system so that directors, managers, employees, and even customers and suppliers hold positions as owners. 3. Align the goals of capital providers, corporations, directors, managers, employees, customers, suppliers, and society. 4. Improve the information used in decision making. 5. Foster more productive modes of interaction and influence among capital providers, corporations, and business units. PMID:10121317

  17. Intangible Capital and Ramsey Capital Taxation (updated)

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Carlos Conesa; Begoña Domínguez

    2009-01-01

    The standard analysis of optimal fiscal policy in the neoclassical growth model, e.g. Chamley (1986) and Judd (1985), aggregates different types of assets into a unique capital good and all sorts of capital taxes into a unique capital tax. There, the optimal capital tax rate is very high in the short-run and zero in the long-run and, inevitably, time-inconsistent. This paper shows that this classic result does not hold in a more disaggregated framework. As proposed in McGrattan and Prescott (...

  18. Public Capital, Private Capital and Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Bucci

    2012-01-01

    A growth model is presented in which productive government expenditure takes the form of a stock. Private and public capital interact with each other in two ways. The first is related to the specification of the aggregate production function (Cobb-Douglas vs. CES). The second has to do with the rates of investment in the two types of capital, and arises from the law of motion of public capital. The share of public capital devoted to output production can be exogenous or endogenous. In this fr...

  19. Human Capital a Part of Social Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Inna Fedoryshina

    2014-01-01

    The article considers the content and the structure of human capital. The term “human capital” is viewed as people’s abilities toparticipate in the production process in order to make use of their potential skills. A particular attention is paid to the meaning ofsocial capital and its role in the formation of human capital. It is proven that there is not much research on the connection betweenhuman and social capital. Human development index in Ukraine and 20 leading counties of the global ra...

  20. Does Government’s Waiving of Court Fees Interfere in the Judicial Process?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    It isn’t often that officialdom helps fi-nance a businessperson’s court fees in a lawsuit where it is the accused.But that is exactly what happened in Chenghua District Chengdu,capital of Sichuan Province,where the local government recently took the sur-prising action of assisting plaintiff and auto parts manufacturer Gu Kui in fighting a court battle to sue itself.

  1. The Impact of Audit Fee on Audit Quality in UK

    OpenAIRE

    NI, MENGLU

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effect of audit fees on audit quality. Audit fees include the normal audit fees and abnormal audit fees. This paper examines how the audit quality proxy by the magnitude of absolute discretionary accruals associated with the abnormal audit fees that we focused on. Through our research, we found that the abnormal audit fees are negatively related to the discretionary accruals. And the sign of the abnormal audit fees will determine the level of audit quality. The AB...

  2. Advertising Fee in Business-Format Franchising

    OpenAIRE

    Preyas S. Desai

    1997-01-01

    Most franchisors charge an advertising fee in addition to the better known royalty and franchise fee. We study the role of the advertising fee in improving channel coordination. We begin our analysis with a simple case of one franchisor dealing with two identical franchisees and find that the advertising fee allows the franchisor to commit to a specific level of advertising spending at the time of contract acceptance. We also find that the lump-sum advertising fee is better than the sales-bas...

  3. Financing working capital

    OpenAIRE

    Vasile Popengă; Mirela Popescu

    2002-01-01

    The paper presents some particularities regarding the following aspects: what is working capital; shows alternative net working capital financing strategies, ranging from the most to least risky; also some sources of short-term finance

  4. Triads of capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    Within current research on social capital, a gap exists between political history analyses at the macro level and classical, sociological analyses at the meso and micro levels. Following up on  earlier work, the main purpose of this paper is to mediate between the two conflicting stances...... represented by Putnam and Portes. The paper raises the following question: Is it possible to detect the historical driving forces behind the building of both beneficial and harmful social capital? Driving forces are defined as structural determinants, which change human organization at all levels. The...... hypothesis is that three forms of capital have the potential to act as driving forces: social capital, cultural capital and physical capital, the latter operationaliz­ed as buildings. A new concept, triad of capital, is introduced to analyze the interrelationship between these three forms of capital. A triad...

  5. Measuring Irish capital

    OpenAIRE

    Keeney, Mary J.

    2007-01-01

    Irish National Income and Expenditure Accounts do not contain information on capital stocks or capital services estimation. Estimates of the national capital stock and the depreciation of its fixed assets are basic macroeconomic aggregates and are integral components for many modelling exercises. This paper will present a detailed asset-level analysis of the stocks and depreciation of Irish fixed assets and the capital formation flows used to derive them. It will apply an improved perpetual i...

  6. Welfare Enhancing Capital Imports

    OpenAIRE

    Masao Oda; Koji Shimomura; Ryuhei Wakasugi

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides a model to consider the conditions under which an acceptance of foreign capital is welfare enhancing in a multi-commodity multi-factor framework. Contrary to the pessimistic conventional wisdom of capital imports and welfare, we provide a justification for the acceptance of foreign capital and the diversification of industrial structure in developing countries. A sufficient condition for the acceptance of foreign capital to be welfare enhancing is that all domestic factors...

  7. Institutions, Capital, and Growth

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The international development community has encouraged investment in physical and human capital as a precursor to economic progress. Recent evidence shows, however, that increases in capital do not always lead to increases in output. We develop a growth model where the allocation and productivity of capital depends on a country's institutions. We find that increases in physical and human capital lead to output growth only in countries with good institutions. In countries with bad institutions...

  8. CONTROLS ON CAPITAL MOVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petris Sorina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Until recently, capital mobility was encouraged across national borders, because it was considered that such capital can seek the highest rate of return. However, recent global financial developments have shown that, due to contagion, the mobility of capital flows can cause severe financial imbalances. In the context of globalization, liberalization or maintaining controls on capital flows is a current topic, more debated by economists. This topic is very important, due to the impact of liberalization decision or maintaining controls on capital flows has on the overall macroeconomic framework. The paper analyzes the relationship between capital flows’ control and the income per capita, the degree of central bank independence, democracy country, the foreign exchange regime. Also, it analyzes the effectiveness in time of capital controls, taking account of financial system development and potential risks of instability. Over time, it was observed that a period in which they have imposed restrictions on capital movements was followed by a removal of such restrictions, and vice versa. Cyclic change of capital movements regime corresponds to the cyclic evolution of the global economy. Full capital account liberalization led to the emergence of currency and financial crises, so that the idea of maintaining controls on capital is not rejected by economists. After a full liberalization of capital flows, there is a change in the mentality of an increasing number of economists, who support the maintenance of controls, in a gradual liberalization.

  9. Four Books on Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Streeck, W.

    2009-01-01

    Christoph Deutschmann Kapitalistische Dynamik: Eine gesellschaftstheoretische Perspektive. Wiesbaden, VS Verlag, 2008 Geoffrey Ingham Capitalism. Oxford, Polity, 2008 John McMurtry The Cancer Stage of Capitalism. London, Pluto, 1999 Frederic L. Pryor The Future of U.S. Capitalism. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002

  10. 36 CFR 327.23 - Recreation use fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation use fees. 327.23... § 327.23 Recreation use fees. (a) In accordance with the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965... Engineers collects day use fees, special recreation use fees and/or special permit fees for the use...

  11. 13 CFR 120.971 - Allowable fees paid by Borrower.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Development Company Loan Program (504) Fees § 120.971 Allowable fees paid by Borrower. (a) CDC fees. The fees a CDC may charge the Borrower in connection with a 504 loan and Debenture are limited to the... closing fee sufficient to reimburse it for the expenses of its in-house or outside legal counsel,...

  12. Is Capitalism Ethical?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suciu T.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of this paper have set off from the question: is the present capitalism ethical? We started with the delimitation and correlation of the concepts of ethics, morals, morality. Further on, we analysed the evolution of capitalism in connection with morals. Based on this research, we came to the conclusion that the capitalist system has undergone through three stages: moral capitalism, amoral capitalism, and immoral capitalism. We concluded by implying that the corporate capitalist society is immoral, that it cannot regulate itself and that the government’s assistance is needed to inoculate the ethics.

  13. INTERPRETING OVERALL INEQUALITY IN CHINA: THE ROLES OF PHYSICAL CAPITAL, HUMAN CAPITAL AND SOCIAL CAPITAL

    OpenAIRE

    Yuheng LI; Westlund, Hans

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationship between overall inequality in China and the contributions of physical capital, human capital and social capital. The investment in physical capital tends to enlarge overall inequality while human capital helps to reduce the inequality. Human capital appears to be more influential than physical capital in overall inequality reduction in the research period. Social capital (people's social networks) however, does not seem to exert any impact on overall i...

  14. 78 FR 33436 - 2013 Final Fee Rate and Fingerprint Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ...Notice is hereby given, pursuant to 25 CFR 514.2, that the National Indian Gaming Commission has adopted its 2013 final annual fee rates of 0.00% for tier 1 and 0.072% (.00072) for tier 2. These rates shall apply to all assessable gross revenues from each gaming operation under the jurisdiction of the Commission. If a tribe has a certificate of self-regulation under 25 CFR part 518, the 2013......

  15. Human Capital, Bankruptcy and Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan B. Berk; Richard Stanton; Josef Zechner

    2007-01-01

    We derive a firm's optimal capital structure and managerial compensation contract when employees are averse to bearing their own human capital risk, while equity holders can diversify this risk away. In the presence of corporate taxes, our model delivers optimal debt levels consistent with those observed in practice. It also makes a number of predictions for the cross-sectional distribution of firm leverage. Consistent with existing empirical evidence, it implies persistent idiosyncratic diff...

  16. Capital Utilization and Capital Accumulation: Theory and Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Shapiro, Matthew D.

    1986-01-01

    A firm may acquire additional capital input by purchasing new capital or by increasing the utilization of its current capital. The margin between capita accumulation and capital utilization is studied in a model of dynamic factor demand where the firm chooses capital, labor, and their rates of utilization. A direct measure of capital utilization -- the work week of capital -- is incorporated into the theory and estimates. The methodology advocated by Hansen and Singleton (1982) is used to obt...

  17. THE EFFECT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON SOCIAL CAPITAL AMONG ENTREPRENEURS

    OpenAIRE

    HANNES OTTÓSSON; KIM KLYVER

    2010-01-01

    Using data collected from 714 entrepreneurs in a random sample of 10,000 Danes, this study provides an investigation of the effect of human capital on social capital among entrepreneurs. Previous entrepreneurship research has extensively investigated the separated effect of human capital and social capital on different entrepreneurial outputs. The study takes a step back and investigates how these two capital concepts are related — specifically how human capital influences social capital. In ...

  18. Determinants of Audit Fees and Non-audit Fees for Listed UK Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yan

    2010-01-01

    This study mainly examines the characteristics of financial distress, earnings management, executive remuneration and low balling simultaneously determine audit and non-audit fees. Single-equation models are utilized in this research for both audit and non-audit fee models by using a sample of listed UK companies in FTSE for the period 2001-2010. The empirical results reveal that financial distress has negative association with non-audit fees, and cannot fully explain audit fee model; ear...

  19. Maximum fee vs. child benefit: a welfare analysis of Swedish child-care fee reform

    OpenAIRE

    Brink, Anna; Nordblom, Katarina; Wahlberg, Roger

    2007-01-01

    The effects of a recent Swedish child-care fee reform are compared with those of an alternative reform, increased child benefits. The fee reform implied considerably decreased fees and was intended to increase both labor supply among parents and their economic well-being. We estimate labor supply effects using a discrete choice labor supply model, and simulate behavioral responses to the changes. We find positive, but small, effects on labor supply from reduced fees, while increased child ben...

  20. 31 CFR 323.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS § 323.5 Fees. The fees provided in part 1 of title 31 of the CFR (32 FR 9562, July 1, 1967), shall apply to all requests for identifiable records under... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 323.5 Section 323.5 Money...

  1. 45 CFR 705.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 705.10 Section 705.10 Public Welfare... 5 U.S.C. 552a § 705.10 Fees. If an individual requests copies of his or her records the charge shall... individual as a necessary part of the process of disclosing the record to an individual. Fees may be...

  2. Fixed-fee Pricing and Entry

    OpenAIRE

    Ryoko Oki

    2015-01-01

    This study considers the anti-competitive effect of fixed-fee pricing, such as the one seen in a recent antitrust case in Japan. We show that fixed-fee pricing has stronger exclusionary effect than the per-use pricing's exclusionary effect. However, the restriction on usage of fixed-fee pricing may have a welfare-decreasing effect, although the restriction promotes entry.

  3. Determinants of Audit Fee in Chinese Market

    OpenAIRE

    Bai, Luye

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows the determinants of audit fee in audit market of China. People can see a clearly relationship between determinants like auditor size, auditee size, complexity of auditee, profitability of auditee and audit risk and audit fee in Chinese market. Auditee could know how to make an easy work to auditor so that to reduce the fee for audit. Auditor may have a clearly relationship with auditee. They can keep independence into the processing of audit.

  4. 7 CFR 93.14 - Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of other mycotoxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of other mycotoxins. 93.14 Section 93.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... mycotoxins. (a) The fee charged for any laboratory analysis for aflatoxins and other mycotoxins shall...

  5. Capital mobility. An overview

    OpenAIRE

    Arndt, H. W.

    2000-01-01

    The article analyses the problem of international capital mobility which the Asian crisis has highlighted. It points out that the problem of capital mobility ("hot money" panics) has a long history, but globalization, the opening up of national economies and technological advance have increased the risks. The article discusses four policy debated which are being pursued in the large Asian crisis literature: (i) the pros and cons of capital controls; (ii) the choice of exchange rate regime; (i...

  6. Development and Social Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Fafchamps, Marcel

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines social capital and its relation with economic development. We focus on the role that interpersonal relationships play in social exchange, whether through the market or through the provision of public goods. By facilitating search and trust, social capital can increase the efficiency of social exchange where formal institutions are weak. But the benefits from social capital are likely to be unequally distributed. Given these features, documenting empirically the benefits of...

  7. Determinants of Soil Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Ekbom, Anders

    2008-01-01

    This paper combines knowledge from soil science and economics to estimate economic determinants of soil capital. Explaining soil capital facilitates a better understanding of constraints and opportunities for increased agricultural production and reduced land degradation. This study builds on an unusually rich data set that combines data on soil capital (represented by chemical and physical properties) and economic data on household characteristics, labor supply, crop allocation, and conserva...

  8. ACCOUNT INSTRUMENT CAPITAL BORROWED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holt Gheorghe

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Setting up business capital is made from different sources and their use coordinates its policy aims, issues that affect the overall efficiency and thus differentiate companies with the same profile of activity and a similar level of capital advanced in the economic cycle. Thus financial structure, the average cost of capital used in the mechanism how the financial management of the company, of particular importance for this.

  9. Human capital and productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Fuente, Ángel de la

    2011-01-01

    This paper surveys the empirical literature on human capital and productivity and summarizes the results of my own work on the subject. On balance, the available evidence suggests that investment in education has a positive, significant and sizable effect on productivity growth. According to my estimates, moreover, the social returns to investment in human capital are higher than those on physical capital in most EU countries and in many regions of Spain.

  10. KVA: Capital Valuation Adjustment

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew Green; Chris Kenyon

    2014-01-01

    Credit (CVA), Debit (DVA) and Funding Valuation Adjustments (FVA) are now familiar valuation adjustments made to the value of a portfolio of derivatives to account for credit risks and funding costs. However, recent changes in the regulatory regime and the increases in regulatory capital requirements has led many banks to include the cost of capital in derivative pricing. This paper formalises the addition of cost of capital by extending the Burgard-Kjaer (2013) semi-replication approach to C...

  11. Intangible Capital Accounting

    OpenAIRE

    Mihalache Arsenie-Samoil

    2010-01-01

    The new economy based on globalization is increasingly important, which shows the decisive role played by intangible capital in achieving the competitive advantage of companies. However, this intangible capital is the hidden side of a company's value, as it represents the company's intangible resources, which cannot be measured by the financial metrics used to measure tangible resources. Given the functional importance of intangible capital, several models several models were proposed by the ...

  12. Human Capital and Retirement

    OpenAIRE

    Alders, P.

    1999-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates the relation between human capital and retirement when the age of retirement is endogenous. This relation is examined in a life-cycle earnings model. An employee works full time until retirement. The worker accumulates human capital by training- on-the-job and by learning-by-doing. The human capital of an employee is subject to depreciation when knowledge of technologies becomes obsolete. After a shock in technology, the worker depreciates on his human capi...

  13. Institutions and Venture Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Lerner, Josh; Tåg, Joacim

    2012-01-01

    We survey the literature on venture capital and institutions and present a case study comparing the development of the venture capital market in the US to Sweden. Our literature survey underscores that the legal environment, financial market development, the tax system, labor market regulations, and public spending on research and development correlates with venture capital activities across countries. Our case study suggests these institutional differences led to the later development of an ...

  14. Social Capital Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2005-01-01

      This report has two purposes: The first purpose is to present our 4-page question­naire, which measures social capital. It is close to the main definitions of social capital and contains the most successful measures from the literature. Also it is easy to apply as discussed. The second purpose ...... to present the social capital database we have collected for 21 countries using the question­naire. We do this by comparing the level of social capital in the countries covered. That is, the report compares the marginals from the 21 surveys....

  15. Capital-Skill Complementarity: Does capital disaggregation matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Correa, Juan; Lorca, Miguel; Parro, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    Using Chilean manufacturing plants data, we�find: (1) the elasticity of substitution between capital and skilled labor is lower than the elasticity of substitution between capital and unskilled labor, and (2) the higher the technological component of the capital stock the larger the size of complementarity between capital and skilled labor. Our�findings show that capital, as an aggregate input, may under(over) state the complementarity between labor and the type of capital these workers actua...

  16. Capital Flows to Brazil: The Endogeneity of Capital Controls

    OpenAIRE

    Eliane A. Cardoso; Ilan Goldfajn

    1998-01-01

    This paper creates an index of capital controls to analyze the determinants of capital flows to Brazil, accounting for the endogeneity of capital controls by considering a government that sets controls in response to capital flows. It finds that the government reacts strongly to capital flows by increasing controls on inflows during booms and relaxing them in moments of distress. The paper estimates a vector autoregression with capital flows, controls, and interest differentials. It shows tha...

  17. 78 FR 10583 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ..., 119, and 122 based upon a new cost study. 77 FR 72,788 (December 6, 2012). Comments to the proposed... States Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: U.S. Copyright Office, Library of... proposed rulemaking concerning the establishment of a fee schedule for filing cable and...

  18. 12 CFR 261b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 261b.13 Section 261b.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RULES REGARDING PUBLIC OBSERVATION OF MEETINGS § 261b.13 Fees. (a) Copies of transcripts, recordings or transcriptions of...

  19. 78 FR 5345 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ..., 119, and 122 based upon a new cost study. 77 FR 72,788 (December 6, 2012). Comments to the proposed... States Copyright Office 37 CFR Parts 201 and 210 Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: U.S. Copyright Office... notice of proposed rulemaking concerning the establishment of a fee schedule for filing cable...

  20. 16 CFR 1014.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1014.10 Section 1014.10 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES IMPLEMENTING THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1014.10 Fees. The Commission shall not charge an individual for the costs of making a search...

  1. 77 FR 15566 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... any private transfer fee covenants. (75 FR 49932). As described in the proposed guidance, private... (76 FR 6702) inviting comments on a proposal that incorporated a number of changes to the substance of... AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1228 RIN 2590-AA41 Private Transfer Fees AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance...

  2. 24 CFR 320.33 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 320.33 Section 320.33 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) GOVERNMENT... SECURITIES Bond-Type Securities § 320.33 Fees. The Association may impose application and guaranty...

  3. 10 CFR 1303.108 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1303.108 Section 1303.108 Energy NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD PUBLIC INFORMATION AND REQUESTS § 1303.108 Fees. (a) General. The Board shall charge for processing requests the FOIA in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section, except where...

  4. 39 CFR 3003.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 3003.6 Section 3003.6 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PRIVACY ACT RULES § 3003.6 Fees. The first copy of any record furnished under the Privacy Act of 1974 will be provided without charge. Additional copies will be charged at the...

  5. 40 CFR 55.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of 40 CFR part 71. (2) EPA will collect all other fees from OCS sources calculated in accordance with... from OCS sources in accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR part 71. ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 55.10 Section 55.10 Protection...

  6. 41 CFR 51-9.304 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fees. 51-9.304 Section 51-9.304 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts... Access to Records § 51-9.304 Fees....

  7. 78 FR 14053 - Vessel Documentation Renewal Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... November 15, 1993 (58 FR 60256), found at 46 CFR part 67, subpart Y- Fees. The fees reflect the Coast Guard... FR 3316). D. Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request..., we will hold one at a time and place announced by a later notice in the Federal Register (FR)....

  8. Attorney Fees, School Boards, and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

    2010-01-01

    A major expense associated with litigating disputes under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the right of parents who succeed in suits against their school boards to recover attorney fees. Yet until recently, boards were generally unable to recover attorney fees from parents even when they succeeded in demonstrating that…

  9. 40 CFR 1516.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 1516.10 Section 1516.10 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY PRIVACY ACT IMPLEMENTATION § 1516.10 Fees. If an individual requests copies of his or her record, he or she shall be charged ten cents per page, excluding...

  10. 42 CFR 426.545 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... to present the witness. (b) If the Board requests expert testimony, the Board is responsible for... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Witness fees. 426.545 Section 426.545 Public Health... § 426.545 Witness fees. (a) A witness testifying at a hearing before the Board receives the same...

  11. 5 CFR 1631.14 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 1631.14 Section 1631.14 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS Production or... fee for reproducing copies of records over 81/2 × 14 inches, or whose physical characteristics do...

  12. 12 CFR 950.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to all of its members. (c) Commitment fees. Each Bank may charge a fee for its commitment to fund an... FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK ASSETS AND OFF-BALANCE SHEET ITEMS ADVANCES Advances... prepayment. (3) The board of directors of each Bank, a designated committee thereof, or officers...

  13. AECB Cost Recovery Fees Regulations, amendment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The amendment to the Regulations was published on 24 October 1991 (SOR/91-590,Canada Gazette Part II, Vol.125, No 23). It modifies the list of institutions exempted from paying cost recovery fees (licence fees) to the Atomic Energy Control Board. The exemptions now include educational and health care institutions as well as Departments. (NEA)

  14. AECB Cost Recovery Fees Regulations, amendment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The amendments to the AECB Cost Recovery Fees Regulations have been made with a view to simplifying the registration procedure for obtaining such a certificate or approval under the above Transport Regulations. In effect there will no longer be a need for a separate fee system for registered users of certified package designs. (NEA)

  15. 5 CFR 1204.12 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... limits for making a decision on the new or pending request. (e) Fee schedule. (1) Fees for document... effort would interfere to a large extent with the operation of the Board's automated information system... Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES AVAILABILITY OF...

  16. 4 CFR 201.8 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 201.8 Section 201.8 Accounts RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD PUBLIC INFORMATION AND REQUESTS § 201.8 Fees. (a) General. The Board shall... records. Overhead expenses, such as the cost of space, heating, and lighting, are not included....

  17. Endoscopy Practice Management, Fee Structures, and Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divers, Stephen J

    2015-09-01

    Although our knowledge and appreciation of endoscopic procedures in exotic pets is extensive, associated management practices, including equipment preferences and fee structures, have rarely been discussed. This short article highlights the results of a small survey of 35 experienced exotic animal endoscopists and details their equipment ownership/preferences and fee structures. The importance of marketing is also emphasized. PMID:26117522

  18. 76 FR 43819 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... Schedule, 76 FR 28194. In response to the notice, one comment was received regarding excessive fees. The... was published in the Federal Register and went into effect on June 15, 2010, 75 FR 39629. Board Action... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety...

  19. 44 CFR 72.3 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 72.3 Section 72.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... PROCESSING MAP CHANGES § 72.3 Fee schedule. (a) For requests for CLOMRs, LOMRs, and PMRs based on...

  20. 7 CFR 3011.6 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for a schedule of reasonable standard charges for document search and duplication. See 7 CFR 1.2(b). Fees to be charged are set forth in 7 CFR part 1, subpart A, Appendix A. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 3011.6 Section 3011.6...

  1. 7 CFR 2811.6 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of reasonable standard charges for document search and duplication. See 7 CFR 1.2(b). Fees to be charged are set forth in 7 CFR part 1, subpart A, appendix A. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 2811.6 Section 2811.6...

  2. 77 FR 41258 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule, 77 FR 32433. No comments were received in response to that notice, and the... Schedule Update went into effect on July 29, 2011. 76 FR 43819. Board Action Accordingly, the Board issues... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety...

  3. 75 FR 39629 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ..., 2010 the Board published for comment in the Federal Register its Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule, 75 FR... Federal Register and went into effect on May 1, 2009, 74 FR 20934. Board Action Accordingly, the Board... 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board. ACTION: Establishment...

  4. 5 CFR 2606.206 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 2606.206 Section 2606.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY ACT RULES Access to... estimated fee before the Office begins to process a new request. (iii) Interest charges. Interest charges...

  5. Linguistic Capital Pays Dividends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linse, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Some 37 million U.S. residents speak Spanish at home and more than 55% of them say they also speak English. That creates what is called linguistic capital. Although linguistic capital is difficult to quantify, it is enormously valuable and is determined by an individual's language competency, and is too frequently wasted instead of being…

  6. Human Capital and Retirement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Alders

    1999-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates the relation between human capital and retirement when the age of retirement is endogenous. This relation is examined in a life-cycle earnings model. An employee works full time until retirement. The worker accumulates human capital by training- on-the-job and by

  7. Social Capital in Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping; Redding, Gordon

    2014-01-01

    usually larger, transactions backed by law. For economic development, the systemic form becomes crucial but needs to be compatible with relational norms. The dimensions of social capital are often dual in nature. This article employs a theory that accepts this and analyses the phenomena as yin......This article provides an overview of social capital in Asia. Social capital is trust and appears in two main forms: relational, based on societal norms, and systemic, based on societal institutions. The relational encourages personalistic transactions; and systemic trust, supports more formal, and......–yang balancing, seeing trust as a culturally determined enabler of social cooperation. The evolutions of trustworthiness in Japan, China, and the Philippines are analysed. This article contributes to the literature on varieties of capitalism and business systems as well as that on social capital. It raises the...

  8. Handbook of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Handbook of Social Capital balances the ‘troika' of sociology, political science and economics by offering important contributions to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars within all t...... social sciences. The contributors explore the different scientific approaches that are all needed if international research is to embrace both the bright and the more shadowy aspects of social capital.......The Handbook of Social Capital balances the ‘troika' of sociology, political science and economics by offering important contributions to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars within all the...

  9. Using contact capitation to align payment incentives among specialists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, C; Brunsberg, J

    1999-10-01

    Contact capitation is a means of paying specialists based on the number of patients managed rather than on the number of services provided or procedures performed. Payments to physicians are disbursed from budgets, or risk pools, which are established by specialty and product line (e.g., commercial coverage, Medicare). Each specialist is credited with managing a patient for a specified time period (usually 12 months) following the patient's initial visit. To ensure payments are equitable to all physicians, regardless of specialty or subspecialty, the system may be adjusted by using different contact weights for certain diagnoses or procedures, creating subpools for selected subspecialties and/or procedures, establishing separate capitation rates for different age segments, and setting aside certain specialties as fee-for-service carve-outs. Contact capitation has advantages over traditional specialist capitation of removing physicians' financial incentives to overutilize and allowing for a broad physician specialty panel. Challenges to implementing contact capitation include getting physicians to alter habitual practice patterns and managing the system's administrative complexity. PMID:11066668

  10. 36 CFR 71.2 - Types of Federal recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Types of Federal recreation... INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.2 Types of Federal recreation fees. There shall be three types of Federal recreation fees: (a) Entrance fees, charged either on an annual or single-visit basis, for admission to...

  11. Graduate Fees at California's Public Universities. FS 08-02

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Fees for graduate students at California's public colleges and universities have risen over the last several years, but are still lower than fees at comparable universities in other states. Fees for full-time graduate students at the California State University were $4,163 in 2007-08. This amount consists of $3,414 in systemwide fees plus…

  12. 45 CFR 1627.4 - Membership fees or dues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Membership fees or dues. 1627.4 Section 1627.4... AND MEMBERSHIP FEES OR DUES § 1627.4 Membership fees or dues. (a) LSC funds may not be used to pay membership fees or dues to any private or nonprofit organization, whether on behalf of a recipient or...

  13. 48 CFR 52.216-10 - Incentive Fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incentive Fee. 52.216-10... Incentive Fee. As prescribed in 16.307(d), insert the following clause in solicitations and contracts when a cost-plus-incentive-fee contract (other than a facilities contract) is contemplated: Incentive Fee...

  14. 12 CFR 611.1250 - Preliminary exit fee estimate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preliminary exit fee estimate. 611.1250 Section... System Institution Status § 611.1250 Preliminary exit fee estimate. (a) Preliminary exit fee estimate—terminating association. You must provide a preliminary exit fee estimate to us when you submit the plan...

  15. 29 CFR 1404.15 - Fees and charges of arbitrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE ARBITRATION SERVICES Procedures for Arbitration Services § 1404.15 Fees and charges of arbitrators. (a) Fees to Parties... administration of a particular case, the arbitrator may charge an administrative fee. This fee shall be...

  16. 34 CFR 5.61 - Notification of estimated fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification of estimated fees. 5.61 Section 5.61... PURSUANT TO PUB. L. 90-23 (Eff. until 7-14-10) Fees and Charges § 5.61 Notification of estimated fees. If the estimated fees under this section total more than $25, or more than the maximum amount...

  17. 78 FR 17102 - Setting and Adjusting Patent Fees; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    .... See Setting and Adjusting Patent Fees, 78 FR 4212 (Jan. 18, 2013) (``Fee Setting final rule''). This...''); Changes to Implement Micro Entity Status for Paying Patent Fees, 77 FR 75019 (Dec. 19, 2012) (``Micro... regulations that were published in the Federal Register on January 18, 2013 (78 FR 4212) (``Fee Setting...

  18. 30 CFR 291.109 - Can I ask for a fee waiver or a reduced processing fee?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Can I ask for a fee waiver or a reduced processing fee? 291.109 Section 291.109 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... SHELF LANDS ACT § 291.109 Can I ask for a fee waiver or a reduced processing fee? (a) MMS may grant...

  19. The capital budgeting manual

    OpenAIRE

    Segelod, Esbjörn

    1995-01-01

    There has been very many postal surveys of capital budgeting practice, but almost no studies of the written routines that fix the practice of those groups that use a capital budgeting manual. This article fills this vacuum by describing and analysing the capital budgeting manuals used by major Swedish groups, most of whom are multinationals. Changes in the manuals during the last 30 years are studied using hvo earlier Swedish studies of manuals from the 60’s and 70’s. Comparisons are made wit...

  20. Capital Humano y Productividad

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel de la Fuente

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo contiene un breve panorama de la literatura empírica sobre capital humano y productividad y resume los resultados de mi propio trabajo sobre el tema. En conjunto, la evidencia disponible sugiere que la inversión en educación tiene un efecto positivo, significativo y cuantitativamente importante sobre el crecimiento de la productividad. De acuerdo con mis estimaciones, además, la rentabilidad social de la inversión en capital humano es mayor que la del capital físico en la mayor p...

  1. Why Do Debit Card Networks Charge Percentage Fees?

    OpenAIRE

    Price, David A; Wang, Zhu

    2013-01-01

    Why do debit card networks base their fees on a percentage of transaction amounts when the marginal cost of executing a transaction does not vary by amount? Research suggests that this type of fee structure, a linear ad valorem fee, maximizes profits for card networks by allowing price discrimination. Also, because percentage fees make card usage more economical for lower-value transactions, such a fee structure tends to increase social welfare.

  2. 9 CFR 130.10 - User fees for pet birds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false User fees for pet birds. 130.10... AGRICULTURE USER FEES USER FEES § 130.10 User fees for pet birds. (a) User fees for pet birds of U.S. origin returning to the United States, except pet birds of U.S. origin returning from Canada, are as...

  3. On capital gain taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Anton Miglo

    2008-01-01

    This note provides an explanation for why tax rates on capital gains are usually lower than ordinary income tax rates based on manager's agency problem related to "empire-building" or the underinvestment problem.

  4. Capital Projects Application (CPA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Capital Projects application (CPA) provides users with the ability to maintain project related financial data for Budget Activity (BA) 51, 55, 64, 01, 02, 03, 04....

  5. Cultural Capital Today

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Skjøtt-Larsen, Jakob; Rosenlund, Lennart

    2008-01-01

    Based on Danish survey data subjected to correspondence analysis, this article aims at carrying out a critical assessment of Pierre Bourdieu's theory of social differentiation in advanced societies as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. As his theory goes, capital volume (economic + cultural capital......) and capital composition (the relative weight of the two) are the main dimensions of social differentiation, which structure the space of social positions as well as the space of lifestyles. The central discussion of the article concerns the character of cultural capital, and the role it plays in the formation...... of social divisions. This leads to a discussion of four core questions: first, are there signs of a strong individualism and, correspondingly, a weak social structuring of lifestyles? The study does not find support for this view. Second, does classical highbrow culture play a central role as a marker...

  6. HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ph. D. Student Ioana - Julieta Josan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Once with the development of the human capital theory, the education received an economic value. Leading theorists and specialists in the field have shown that the remarkable economic effects of the investments in education influence the chances of acquiring a job and earnings, demonstrating how the theory justifies such an investment. At the hand, the allocation of resources in human capital brings performance and benefits to companies investing in their employees. Also, the investment in human capital is strategic for any country that seeks to create a knowledge economy. Considering the above arguments, the aim of this paper is to highlight the characteristics of investment in human capital, the types of investment, the factors of education investment and the entities interested in investing and their benefits.

  7. Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Blouin, J.; Huizinga, H.P.; Laeven, L.; Nicodeme, G.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin capitalization rules in 54 countries for the period 1982-2004. Using confidential data on the (internal) leverage of foreign affiliates of US multinationals, we find that thin capitalization rules affect multinational firm capital structure in a significant way. Specifically, restri...

  8. Capital mobility, tax competition, and lobbying for redistributive capital taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Lorz, Jens Oliver

    1996-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of international capital mobility on redistributive capital taxation and on lobbying activities by interest groups. It employs a model where different capital endowments lead to a conflict between households concerning their most preferred capital tax rate. Three main results are derived: First, redistributive source based capital taxes or subsidies decline as international tax competition intensifies. Second, lobbying activities of certain interest groups may e...

  9. Cultural capital and demand

    OpenAIRE

    Victoria Ateca - Amestoy

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we develop a theoretical model that investigates the demand for cultural goods under the assumption of cultural capital and rational addiction. We also consider the effect of a policy intervention in order to raise the initial stock of cultural capital of a given individual, both on individual demand and on supply. Finally, we discuss on the effectiveness of such policies by translating our model to a dynamic framework.

  10. Religion, Science and Capitalisms

    OpenAIRE

    Rehbein, Boike

    2014-01-01

    This paper enquires into the relation between capitalism, religion and the philosophy of science. We would tend to suppose that there are only superficial and accidental links between them. A closer analysis reveals, however, that the epistemology of contemporary science is still based on a certain interpretation of Christianity and linked to a particular type of capitalism. Science developed after Galileo and Descartes aims at universal truth but was founded on the notion of the Christian ...

  11. Embodied human capital unemployment

    OpenAIRE

    Kumaraku, Klajdi; Naqvi, Nadeem; Rexhepi, Sara

    2011-01-01

    Adam Smith (1776) devoted the first three chapters to the division of labor in his Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. This process, carried far enough, eventually results in a divergence between the distributions of supplies and demands of such horizontally-differentiated distinct types of human capital embodied in different persons, leading to the emergence of Embodied Human Capital Unemployment. We illustrate the relevance of this new concept of unemployment to the...

  12. Social Capital and Conflict

    OpenAIRE

    Alia Aghajanian

    2012-01-01

    Conflict is either caused by, or brings about, drastic changes in the underlying social relationships between members of a community involved in the conflict. The conflict literature has taken note, and a growing number of studies attempt to determine the relationship between conflict and social capital. Unfortunately, there are many problems that have plagued the social capital literature, and conflict studies have failed to address these. This paper aims to provide a critical analysis of th...

  13. Empreendedorismo na capital amazonense

    OpenAIRE

    Filho, Aécio Flávio Ferreira da Silva

    2010-01-01

    This research was elaborated to evaluate entrepreneurship in the Capital of the Amazon State, Brazil. Its relevance is due to the non-existent literature in the subject of entrepreneurship, in the Northern Region of Brazil. The available Brazilian literary archive comprehends only the main cities located in the Southern and Northeastern Regions of the country. There is no research in the Northern Region – where the Amazon State and its Capital, Manaus, are found – and thus lies the reason for...

  14. The global capital leviathan

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, William I.

    2011-01-01

    The money mandarins of global capitalism and their political agents are utilizing the global crisis to impose brutal austerity and attempting to dismantle what is left of welfare systems and social states in Europe, North America and elsewhere. The budgetary and fiscal crises that supposedly justify spending cuts and austerity are contrived. They are a consequence of the unwillingness or inability of states to challenge capital and their disposition to transfer the burden of the crisis to wor...

  15. Entrepreneurship and heterogeneous capital

    OpenAIRE

    Foss, Nicolai J.; Klein, Peter G.

    2008-01-01

    Entrepreneurship is ultimately about the arrangement of resources into productive activi-ties. Much of the entrepreneurship literature, however, has focused on the demand side of the market. While resource heterogeneity is a feature of many theories of the firm, such theories are not built on a systematic theory of capital. We show how the approach to capital developed by the Austrian school of economics provides a natural bridge between theory of entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm. ...

  16. Venture capital and internationalization

    OpenAIRE

    Schertler, Andrea; Tykvová, Tereza

    2009-01-01

    Cross-border investments represent a substantial share of venture capital activities. We use a new and comprehensive dataset on worldwide investments to analyze the internationalization of venture capital financing. Our results from the perspectives of (i) venture capitalists, (ii) portfolio companies, (iii) portfolio companies' countries and (iv) pairs of venture capitalists' and portfolio companies' countries suggest that some factors, such as viable stock markets, boost investments by dome...

  17. Measuring Natural Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Dariana Tani

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of establishing a system of natural capital accounting. Natural capital is integral to the economy and yet it is routinely taken for granted because the goods and services it provides are generally freely available. The consequence is that without prices, these resources are not being allocated efficiently within the economy and opportunities for significant gains in well-being and the possibility of long-term future growth are being lo...

  18. Measuring Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard; Bjørnskov, Christian

    2007-01-01

    How to construct a robust measure of social capital? This paper contains two contributions. The first is an attempt to establish a broad social capital measure based on four indicators, the Freedom House Index, an index of perceived corruption from Transparency International, and scores on civic ...... serve as institutional models for countries and regions aiming to increase their future level of social capital. More rigorous empirical research is needed within this field.......How to construct a robust measure of social capital? This paper contains two contributions. The first is an attempt to establish a broad social capital measure based on four indicators, the Freedom House Index, an index of perceived corruption from Transparency International, and scores on civic...... participation and generalized trust. This measure is then applied by comparing the level of social capital in 25 countries from Western and Eastern Europe. Our nine cluster analysis shows that Switzerland has the highest score, followed by the Netherlands and Scandinavia. At the other end of the continuum we...

  19. The Performance of Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murthy, Vijaya; Mouritsen, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to analyse the relationship between intellectual capital and financial capital using a case study. This makes it possible to discuss how intellectual capital is related to value creation with a degree of nuance that is absent from most statistical studies of relationships...... between human, organisational, relational and financial capital. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a case study of a firm that invests in intellectual capital in order to develop financial capital. It traces the relationship between intellectual capital elements and financial capital via...... interviews. This allows the development of a nuanced account of the performance of intellectual capital. This account questions the universality of the linear model typically found in statistical studies. The model makes it possible to show how items of intellectual capital not only interact but also compete...

  20. Entrepreneurs’ human and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rezaei, Shahamak; Schøtt, Thomas; Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh;

    2014-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that entrepreneurs' human capital in form of education and social capital in form of networking are mutually beneficial and also that both human and social capital benefit their performance. Here, the hypothesis is that human and social capital, in combination, provide......, that human capital and social capital (specifically networking in the international environment, work-place, professions and market, but not in the private sphere) both benefit export directly and that human capital amplifies the benefit of social capital, especially through international networking....... added value and jointly add a further boost to performance, specifically if the form of exporting. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor provides data on 52,946 entrepreneurs, who reported on exporting and networking for advice. Hierarchical linear modelling shows that human capital promotes social capital...

  1. 76 FR 6702 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... fees for comment on ] August 16, 2010 (75 FR 49932) and requested public comments during a 60-day... ``scam'' against homeowners, robbing them of their equity. Many asserted that the U.S. Department...

  2. University fee should not be abolished

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢凯

    2011-01-01

    @@ University Education is a quasi-public good, which guarantees that the university fee possesses the properties of quasi-price mechanism.Equivalently, university fee is a window into the price, with the function of price mechanism, however, as far as some aspects are concerned; university charges system has about flaws and failure to coordinate with the whole market demand.Consequently, in order to improve the efficiency, the universities should make the full use of the lever effect of price mechanism on university fee system.In the condition of market economy, this paper is targeted to explore the possibilities on maintaining university fees safely enough through the investigation on rudimental research of the properties of public goods and the externalities analysis, and signaling and separating equilibrium.

  3. 13 CFR 108.692 - Examination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... receive a 15% discount on your base fee; and (2) If you were fully responsive to the letter of... available all information requested by the examiner for on-site review), you will receive a 10% discount...

  4. Physician Fee Schedule Carrier Specific Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has condensed all 56 Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) carrier specific pricing files into one zip file. It is...

  5. Trade Barriers on Capital Goods

    OpenAIRE

    VURAL, Gülfer

    2015-01-01

    Capital goods play a major role in international trade. World production of capital goods and R&D activity are highly concentrated in some developed countries. Most of the countries, especially developing countries import the most of their capital equipment from some leading capital goods exporter countries. Therefore technological advances can be transmitted across borders through trade in capital goods. In international trade countries face trade costs. Trade costs can be in the form of...

  6. Communication Capital Productivity: National Aspect

    OpenAIRE

    Naumik Ekaterina G.

    2012-01-01

    The article offers suggestions for assessing communication capital productivity; the contradictions that affect the value of the communication efficiency of capital (the union of the agents of the market of communication services and products allows them to increase the communication capital productivity and to decrease communication capital productivity of competitors) are formulated; the dependence of productivity on the number of communication capital customers of the communication network...

  7. Social Capital Access and Entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Bauernschuster; Oliver Falck; Stephan Heblich

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the effect of social capital access on entrepreneurship. Social capital helps entrepreneurs to overcome resource constraints. This is especially important in small communities where we often see a lack of market-oriented institutions such as venture capital firms. Entrepreneurs gain access to social capital via club memberships. Combining differences in the number of individual club memberships with differences in the importance of social capital across communities, we identify...

  8. 40 CFR 180.33 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...' Document Processing Desk at the appropriate address as set forth in 40 CFR 150.17(a) or (b). A fee of $2... appropriate address as set forth in 40 CFR 150.17(a) or (b). A petition will not be accepted for processing... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 180.33 Section 180.33...

  9. 19 CFR 4.98 - Navigation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... calculated in accordance with § 24.17(d) Customs Regulations (19 CFR 24.17(d)), and be based upon the amount... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Navigation fees. 4.98 Section 4.98 Customs Duties... VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES General § 4.98 Navigation fees. (a)(1) The Customs Service...

  10. Different approaches to fees for international students

    OpenAIRE

    Vabø, Agnete; Wiers-Jenssen, Jannecke

    2015-01-01

    All Nordic countries offer free higher education to their citizens. Traditionally, international students have also been able to study for free in this region but in 2006 Denmark introduced tuition fees for international students coming from outside the European Union and the European Economic Area. Then in 2011, the Swedish educational authorities also introduced this type of fee. The same measure was suggested by the central authorities in Finland and Norway, although abandoned after some p...

  11. Logistics analysis in support of DOE fee adequacy report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (Public Law 97-485) established a Nuclear Waste Fund to pay for the management and permanent disposal of commercial spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in geologic repositories. The revenues for this fund come from a fee on electricity generated by nuclear power plants. The Act also established the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) within the Department of Energy (DOE) to administer the program for the management of commercial spent fuel and high-level waste. In managing this program, the DOE is required by the Act to determine annually whether the fee generates sufficient revenue to cover all costs. To support this determination, a series of analyses were performed to detail the anticipated cost that will be incurred to provide adequate transportation services within the waste management system. The analyses estimate the cost for providing transportation services between individual reactor sites and a repository. The ''base case'' scenarios investigate a two repository waste management system that is described in the draft DOE mission plan. Various geologic media combinations are investigated to provide a range of transportation costs that may be incurred. The results of the analyses are given as total transport cost (capital, maintenance, and shipping), description of fleet requirements (number and types of casks required), total transportation mileages, and required number of shipments. In addition, information is provided on the amounts of storage that will be required at individual sites and characteristics of the spent fuel that will be received at the various facilities throughout the waste management system

  12. Human capital and optimal positive taxation of capital Income

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, B.; Bovenberg, A.L.

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cyclemodel of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge-nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not onlylabor income but also capital income is optimal. The positive tax on capital incomeserves to alleviate the distortions of the labor tax on human capital accumulation.The optimal marginal tax rate on capital income is lower than that on labor inco...

  13. 48 CFR 2452.216-70 - Estimated cost, base fee and award fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Estimated cost, base fee and award fee. 2452.216-70 Section 2452.216-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts of Provisions and Clauses 2452.216-70 Estimated...

  14. 76 FR 36779 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... ] review the impacts of the event at the Fukushima Daiichi plant upon U.S. power plants be allocated as fee... plant in Japan upon U.S. power reactors as a fee-relief activity. Response. In response to the commenter... additional funds are needed to support the event at the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan, the NRC...

  15. Organizational networks and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents a framework for understanding organizational networks and social capital through the lens of “social capital ownership” as well as the private and collective goods provided through this ownership. More specifically, it argues that ownership of social capital in organizations...... is closely connected to four types of social capital – two belonging to the bridging social capital type, and two belonging to the bonding social capital type. The chapter first reviews literature on organizational social capital and then directly focuses on ownership of social capital in organizations......, as well as the derived benefits, or losses. Next, the chapter presents an empirical case apt to illustrate the theoretical findings in part one, namely the nineteenth-century Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement (Svendsen and Svendsen 2004). It is demonstrated how social capital among Danish peasants...

  16. Risk capital allocation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Smilgins, Aleksandrs

    sum of the risks of the individual sub-units. The question is how to allocate the risk capital of the company among the subunits in a fair way. In this paper we propose to use the Lorenz set as an allocation method. We show that the Lorenz set is operational and coherent. Moreover, we propose a set of......Risk capital allocation problems have been widely discussed in the academic literature. We consider a company with multiple subunits having individual portfolios. Hence, when portfolios of subunits are merged, a diversification benefit arises: the risk of the company as a whole is smaller than the...... new axioms related directly to the problem of risk capital allocation and show that the Lorenz set satisfies these new axioms in contrast to other well-known coherent methods. Finally, we discuss how to deal with non-uniqueness of the Lorenz set....

  17. Bank Capital Management

    OpenAIRE

    Jokipii, T.K.

    2009-01-01

    The work undertaken in this study empirically explores the determinants of regulatory bank capital bu®ers, and how they in°uence bank decisions. Focusing on bank capital management under the Basel I framework, this thesis serves to address some of the con- cerns that have been voiced regarding the implementation of the new regulation (Basel II) and the broader economic e®ects that could result. In particular, the research chapters of this thesis examine the cyclical behavior of European bank ...

  18. Governing Global Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrington, Brooke

    in helping elites avoid taxes and other forms of regulation. The study documents how the means through which they achieve this objective - shifting billions in private capital wealth between Asia, Africa, India and Europe - and how this affects the balance of regional economic power. Drawing from an...... institutionalist perspective, the paper examines three ways in which wealth managers, both individually and through their professional society, influence regional competition for power and wealth: 1) by finding loopholes in existing policies that limit the global flow of capital; 2) by lobbying national and...

  19. Five models of capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Besides analyzing capitalist societies historically and thinking of them in terms of phases or stages, we may compare different models or varieties of capitalism. In this paper I survey the literature on this subject, and distinguish the classification that has a production or business approach from those that use a mainly political criterion. I identify five forms of capitalism: among the rich countries, the liberal democratic or Anglo-Saxon model, the social or European model, and the endogenous social integration or Japanese model; among developing countries, I distinguish the Asian developmental model from the liberal-dependent model that characterizes most other developing countries, including Brazil.

  20. Capital Structure and Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flor, Christian Riis

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes a firm's capital structure choice when assets have outside value. Valuable assets implicitly provide a collateral and increase tax shield exploitation. The key feature in this paper is asset value uncertainty, implying that it is unknown ex ante whether the equity holders ex...... post optimally sell the assets or re-optimize the capital structure. Ex ante, more uncertain asset value decreases leverage, but not firm value, and selling the assets becomes less likely. Firms should tend to invest in assets whose value is less correlated to changes in earnings and, in addition...

  1. Contingent Capital with a Capital-Ratio Trigger

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Glasserman; Behzad Nouri

    2012-01-01

    Contingent capital in the form of debt that converts to equity when a bank faces financial distress has been proposed as a mechanism to enhance financial stability and avoid costly government rescues. Specific proposals vary in their choice of conversion trigger and conversion mechanism. We analyze the case of contingent capital with a capital-ratio trigger and partial and ongoing conversion. The capital ratio we use is based on accounting or book values to approximate the regulatory ratios t...

  2. Thin Capitalization Rules and Entrepreneurial Capital Structure Decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Maßbaum; Caren Sureth

    2009-01-01

    Tax planners often choose debt over equity financing. As this has led to increased corporate debt financing, many countries have introduced thin capitalization rules to secure their tax revenues. In a general capital structure model we analyze if thin capitalization rules affect dividend and financing decisions, and whether they can partially explain why corporations receive both debt and equity capital. We model the Belgian, German and Italian rules as examples. We find that the so-called Mi...

  3. Allocating risk capital for a brownfields redevelopment project under hydrogeological and financial uncertainty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Soonyoung; Unger, Andre J A; Parker, Beth; Kim, Taehee

    2012-06-15

    In this study, we defined risk capital as the contingency fee or insurance premium that a brownfields redeveloper needs to set aside from the sale of each house in case they need to repurchase it at a later date because the indoor air has been detrimentally affected by subsurface contamination. The likelihood that indoor air concentrations will exceed a regulatory level subject to subsurface heterogeneity and source zone location uncertainty is simulated by a physics-based hydrogeological model using Monte Carlo realizations, yielding the probability of failure. The cost of failure is the future value of the house indexed to the stochastic US National Housing index. The risk capital is essentially the probability of failure times the cost of failure with a surcharge to compensate the developer against hydrogeological and financial uncertainty, with the surcharge acting as safety loading reflecting the developers' level of risk aversion. We review five methodologies taken from the actuarial and financial literature to price the risk capital for a highly stylized brownfield redevelopment project, with each method specifically adapted to accommodate our notion of the probability of failure. The objective of this paper is to develop an actuarially consistent approach for combining the hydrogeological and financial uncertainty into a contingency fee that the brownfields developer should reserve (i.e. the risk capital) in order to hedge their risk exposure during the project. Results indicate that the price of the risk capital is much more sensitive to hydrogeological rather than financial uncertainty. We use the Capital Asset Pricing Model to estimate the risk-adjusted discount rate to depreciate all costs to present value for the brownfield redevelopment project. A key outcome of this work is that the presentation of our risk capital valuation methodology is sufficiently generalized for application to a wide variety of engineering projects. PMID:22366499

  4. Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blouin, J.; Huizinga, H.P.; Laeven, L.; Nicodeme, G.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin capitalization rules in 54 countries for the period 1982-2004. Using confide

  5. Human Capital and Optimal Positive Taxation of Capital Income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge- nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also capital inco

  6. NANNING China's Green Capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Nanning,the capital city of Guangxi province,is not only the political,economic and cultural center of the province,but also plays an important role in the economic development of southwest China.Nanning's advantageous location makes the city a commercial and communication center,opening China to Southeast Asia.

  7. Human Capital and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Jacobs

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of sustainability needs to consider the role of all forms of capital—natural, biological, social, technological, financial, cultural—and the complex ways in which they interact. All forms of capital derive their value, utility and application from human mental awareness, creativity and social innovation. This makes human capital, including social capital, the central determinant of resource productivity and sustainability. Humanity has entered the Anthropocene Epoch in which human changes have become the predominant factor in evolution. Humanity is itself evolving from animal physicality to social vitality to mental individuality. This transition has profound bearing on human productive capabilities, adaptability, creativity and values, the organization of economy, public policy, social awareness and life styles that determine sustainability. This article examines the linkages between population, economic development, employment, education, health, social equity, cultural values, energy intensity and sustainability in the context of evolving human consciousness. It concludes that development of human capital is the critical determinant of long-term sustainability and that efforts to accelerate the evolution of human consciousness and emergence of mentally self-conscious individuals will be the most effective approach for ensuring a sustainable future. Education is the primary lever. Human choice matters.

  8. Corruption and Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2003-01-01

    I examine the causal relation between social capiatl and corruption. A simple model illustrates potential mechanisms and yields testable implications, which I estimate in a sample of European countries. The estimated effect of social capital on corruption is found to be robust to the inclusion of a...... redistribution, which in turn reduces corruption....

  9. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Wengström, Erik Roland

    We show that the standard trust question routinely used in social capital research is importantly related to cooperation behavior and we provide a microfoundation for this relation. We run a large-scale public goods experiment over the internet in Denmark and find that the trust question is a proxy...

  10. Is capitalism possible?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaay Fortman, B. de

    1998-01-01

    In the two ages of its existence capitalism has given proof of its reformability. It was, however, anti-capitalist blueprints and ideas that constituted a continuous spiritual driving force towards reform. Today, after the collapse of real existing socialism there is an urgent need for new alternati

  11. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl; Wengström, Erik Roland

    2012-01-01

    Research on social capital routinely relies on survey measures of trust which can be collected in large and heterogeneous samples at low cost. We validate such survey measures in an incentivized public good experiment and show that they are importantly related to cooperation behavior in a large and...

  12. Towards Transnational Academic Capitalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauppinen, Ilkka

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to current debates on the relationship between globalisation and higher education. The main argument of the paper is that we are currently witnessing transnationalisation of academic capitalism. This argument is illustrated by examining the collaboration between transnational corporations and research universities, and how…

  13. Revitalizing ecological capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swagemakers, P.; Wiskerke, J.S.C.

    2011-01-01

    The modernization of agricultural food production has diminished and is diminishing the sustainable use of the local natural resource base, resulting in the fragmentation of landscapes and the decline of biodiversity. In this paper we analyze the revitalization of ecological capital, which provides

  14. Manage "Human Capital" Strategically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odden, Allan

    2011-01-01

    To strategically manage human capital in education means restructuring the entire human resource system so that schools not only recruit and retain smart and capable individuals, but also manage them in ways that support the strategic directions of the organization. These management practices must be aligned with a district's education improvement…

  15. Venture Capital Backed Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Keuschnigg, Christian

    2002-01-01

    The paper proposes a simple equilibrium model of venture capital, entrepreneurship and innovation. Venture capitalists not only finance but also advise start-up entrepreneurs and thereby add value to new firms. The paper demonstrates how a productive and active VC industry boosts innovation driven growth.

  16. Audit Fee Determinants in different Ownership Structures : The Swedish Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Ask, Joakim; LJ Holm, Mattias

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to test the audit fee determinants for companies listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm Stock Exchange and to examine whether the audit fee determinants diverge for ownership structures. By testing the audit fee determinants in a Swedish setting the study contributes to the research body in two ways; by testing a previously sparsely researched setting and examining the monitoring need for different ownership structures. The results indicate that audit fees are explained to a ...

  17. Welfare Analysis of Debit Card Interchange Fee Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Sablik, Timothy; Wang, Zhu

    2013-01-01

    Merchants pay interchange fees to card issuers when they accept credit or debit cards as payment. Many merchants have complained that the fees far exceed issuers' costs for processing such transactions. In response to those complaints, Congress directed the Federal Reserve to impose a cap on debit card interchange fees. The cap lowered interchange fees for most merchants, but it yielded some unintended consequences. An analysis of the payment-card market suggests several factors to consider, ...

  18. Informal Fee Elimination and Student Performance: Evidence from The Gambia

    OpenAIRE

    Giordono, Leanne; Pugatch, Todd

    2015-01-01

    Informal school fees – for uniforms, books, and other supplies – are substantial in developing countries, often several times formal tuition. We evaluate a scholarship program that alleviated informal fees for girls in a subset of Gambian secondary schools. The program is unique because it overlapped with a government policy that had already eliminated formal school fees for girls, allowing for a comparison between program recipients and students who paid no tuition fees but were responsible ...

  19. Patent Renewal Fees and Self-Funding Patent Offices

    OpenAIRE

    Gans Joshua S; King Stephen P; Lampe Ryan

    2004-01-01

    A socially optimal structure of application and renewal fees for patents would encourage the maximal number of applications while reducing effective patent length. We find, however, that when patent offices are required to be self-funding, resource constraints can distort this fee structure. Specifically, a financially constrained, but welfare-oriented, patent office will tend to raise initial application fees while lowering renewal fees. This creates two detriments to social welfare as it di...

  20. Auditing and bank capital regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Edward Simpson Prescott

    2004-01-01

    Auditing is introduced into a model of bank capital regulation. Deterministic and stochastic auditing strategies are studied. Contrary to intuition, auditing of bank risk should be focused on the safest banks because they hold the least amount of capital. Risky banks, which hold more capital, need to be audited less. The importance of auditing by regulators and penalties for non-compliance are discussed in light of the Basel II capital regulation proposals. Emphasis is placed on the importanc...

  1. Capitalism: A System of Conspiracy

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Subhendu

    2010-01-01

    There are some myths about American capitalism. Some of them are (1) Capitalism made America the richest nation, (2) Capitalism is based on self interest, and (3) America has democracy. We show that the survival of capitalism is based on several powerful conspiracy theories. We briefly describe these conspiracies. Our analysis is based on the following principles: (a) Laws of conservation, (b) System theoretic concepts, and (c) The global space time (GST) environment. Using these princip...

  2. Crony Capitalism: Caricature or Category?

    OpenAIRE

    Mazumdar, Surajit

    2008-01-01

    This paper, part of a series on Crony Capitalism and Contemporary India, examines the conceptual meaning of the term crony capitalism, which has acquired considerable popularity since it was used as an explanation for the East Asian crisis. The paper argues that the conception of crony capitalism as a description of a distinct kind of capitalism associated with the State playing a key role in the allocation process suffers from serious deficiencies and therefore does not provide a suitable fr...

  3. Entrepreneurship capital and economic performance

    OpenAIRE

    Audretsch, David B; Keilbach, Max

    2004-01-01

    The neoclassical model of the production function, as applied by Robert Solow to build the neoclassical model of growth, linked labor and capital to output. More recently, Romer and others have expanded the model to include measures of knowledge capital. In this paper we introduce a new factor, entrepreneurship capital, and link it to output in the context of a production function model. This paper explains what is meant by entrepre-neurship capital and why it should influence economic output...

  4. Technology Differences and Capital Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Claro

    2004-01-01

    The one-to-one mapping between cross-country differences in capital returns and the direction of international capital flows is broken in a multisector world where international factor price differences are driven by technology differences. A technology-backward or low-return-to-capital country will face capital inflows or outflows after financial integration depending on whether non-tradable demand is bossted or not

  5. Market Timing and Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey A. Wurgler; Baker, Malcolm P.

    2001-01-01

    It is well known that firms tend to raise equity when their market values are high relative to book and past market values. We document that the resulting effects on capital structure are very persistent. As a consequence, current capital structure is strongly related to past market valuations. The results are difficult to explain within traditional theories of capital structure and suggest that capital structure is the cumulative outcome of past attempts to time the equity market.

  6. Risk, capital and financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, Saibal

    2014-01-01

    Employing data on over 100 banks for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries during 1996-2011, we test the relation between risk and capital. The findings indicate that banks generally increase capital in response to an increase in risk, and not vice versa. Second, there is an uneven impact of regulatory pressure and market discipline on banks attitude towards risk and capital. Additionally, Islamic banks increased their capital as compared to conventional banks.

  7. Capital Taxation and Rent Seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Arefiev, Nikolay; Baron, Tatyana

    2006-01-01

    We find the optimal capital income tax rate in an imperfectly competitive economy, where some part of recourses is devoted to rent-seeking activity. Optimal tax offsets the difference between marginal social and marginal private return to capital, which is a result of rent seeking, and the difference between the before tax interest rate and the marginal productivity of capital, which arises from imperfect competition. Optimal capital income tax rate depends neither on other tax rates nor on o...

  8. Extended Measures of Capital Transactions

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Selaive; Beatriz Velásquez; José Miguel Villena

    2008-01-01

    In this work, we extend de jure measures of capital account restrictions previously assembled by Miniane (2004) to a set of 181 economies for the period 1996-2005. Additionally, we propose two new measures of capital account restrictions. The first excludes prudential regulation and the second weights the indices by a proxy for the enforcement of capital restrictions. We analyze global tendencies and the process of capital account liberalization in Chile. For the group of economies, we observ...

  9. MODELLING SOCIAL CAPITAL AND GROWTH

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan K. Chou

    2002-01-01

    This paper proposes three theoretical growth models incorporating social capital, based on varied expositions on the concept of social capital and the empirical evidence gathered to date. In these models, social capital impacts growth by assisting in the accumulation of human capital, by affecting financial development through its effects on collective trust and social norms, and by facilitating networking between firms that result in the creation and diffusion of business and technological i...

  10. What Drives Venture Capital Fundraising?

    OpenAIRE

    Paul A. Gompers; Josh Lerner

    1999-01-01

    We examine the determinants of venture capital fundraising in the U.S. over the past twenty-five years. We study industry aggregate, state-level, and firm-specific fundraising to determine if macroeconomic, regulatory, or performance factors affect venture capital activity. We find that shifts in demand for venture capital appear to have a positive and important impact on commitments to new venture capital funds. Commitments by taxable and tax-exempt investors seem equally sensitive to change...

  11. How venture capital works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zider, B

    1998-01-01

    The popular mythology surrounding the U.S. venture-capital industry derives from a previous era. Venture capitalists who nurtured the computer industry in its infancy were legendary both for their risk taking and for their hands-on operating experience. But today things are different, and separating the myths from the realities is crucial to understanding this important piece of the U.S. economy. Today's venture capitalists are more like conservative bankers than the risk takers of days past. They have carved out a specialized niche in the capital markets, filling a void that other institutions cannot serve. They are the linch-pins in an efficient system for meeting the needs of institutional investors looking for high returns, of entrepreneurs seeking funding, and of investment bankers looking for companies to sell. Venture capitalists must earn a consistently superior return on investments in inherently risky businesses. The myth is that they do so by investing in good ideas and good plans. In reality, they invest in good industries--that is, industries that are more competitively forgiving than the market as a whole. And they structure their deals in a way that minimizes their risk and maximizes their returns. Although many entrepreneurs expect venture capitalists to provide them with sage guidance as well as capital, that expectation is unrealistic. Given a typical portfolio of ten companies and a 2,000-hour work year, a venture capital partner spends on average less than two hours per week on any given company. In addition to analyzing the current venture-capital system, the author offers practical advice to entrepreneurs thinking about venture funding. PMID:10187243

  12. 76 FR 43477 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... July 20, 2011 Part III Federal Reserve System 12 CFR Part 235 Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing... Regulations#0;#0; ] FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM 12 CFR Part 235 RIN 7100-AD 63 Debit Card Interchange Fees and... in Regulation II (Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing) adopted in accordance with Section...

  13. 36 CFR 71.9 - Establishment of recreation use fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Establishment of recreation... THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.9 Establishment of recreation use fees. (a) Recreation use fees shall be established by all outdoor recreation administering agencies of the Department of the...

  14. 36 CFR 71.11 - Collection of Federal recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... recreation fees. 71.11 Section 71.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.11 Collection of Federal recreation fees. The bureaus of the Department of the Interior administering outdoor recreation programs shall provide for the collection...

  15. 78 FR 73820 - Publicly Managed Recreation Opportunities, Recreation Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... Forest Service RIN 0596-AD09 Publicly Managed Recreation Opportunities, Recreation Fees AGENCY: Forest... final directive providing direction on recreation fees in chapter 30 of new Forest Service Handbook (FSH) 2309.13. This chapter enumerates the requirements for recreation fees charged by the Forest...

  16. 76 FR 10500 - Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... processing and audit functions. In the Federal Register notice announcing the fee schedule (65 FR 46797, July... costs (see 72 FR 7468). This revision, however, did not alter OSHA's method for calculating fees. OSHA... the initial fees in January 2002 (see 67 FR 5299). III. Legal Considerations This final rule...

  17. 75 FR 74674 - Updates to Vessel Inspection Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... Guard published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) (56 FR 65786) on Direct User Fees for Inspection... Vessels (60 FR 13550). Through this final rule, Coast Guard added a new subpart 2.10, Fees, to Title 46... Authorization Act of 1996, the Coast Guard published an interim rule titled Vessel Inspection User Fees (62...

  18. 75 FR 3987 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees January 20, 2010. AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with 18 CFR 381.104, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees. This...

  19. 78 FR 2880 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, DOE. ACTION: Final rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with 18 CFR 381.104, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees. This notice...

  20. 76 FR 55364 - Rules for Patent Maintenance Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Rules for Patent Maintenance Fees ACTION: Proposed collection... Office (USPTO) charges fees for maintaining in force all utility patents based on applications filed on or after December 12, 1980. Payment of these maintenance fees is due at 3\\1/2\\, 7\\1/2\\, and...

  1. 76 FR 9641 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees February 14, 2011. AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Energy. ACTION: Final Rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with 18 CFR 381.104, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees....

  2. Tuition Fees and the Demand for University Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neill, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Estimating the effect of tuition fee increases on demand for a university education is complicated by the potential endogeneity of tuition fees. The relative homogeneity of university tuition fees within Canadian provinces and the role of provincial governments in university funding and policies, provides an opportunity to use changes in the…

  3. 77 FR 10650 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, DOE. ACTION: Final rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with its regulations, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees. This notice...

  4. 76 FR 43393 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... card transaction.\\17\\ \\16\\ A variety of other network fees, such as membership fees and licensing fees...\\ 75 FR 81724-26, 81740-42 (Dec. 28, 2010). \\24\\ http://www.federalreserve.gov/paymentsystems/files... proposed Regulation II (75 FR 81725 (Dec. 28, 2010)) because several networks subsequently...

  5. 12 CFR 263.14 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 263.14 Section 263... SYSTEM RULES OF PRACTICE FOR HEARINGS Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 263.14 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be paid the same fees for attendance...

  6. 12 CFR 19.14 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 19.14 Section 19.14... PROCEDURE Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 19.14 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be paid the same fees for attendance and mileage as are paid in...

  7. 24 CFR 891.815 - Mixed-finance developer's fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mixed-finance developer's fee. 891...-Profit Limited Partnerships and Mixed-Finance Development for Supportive Housing for the Elderly or Persons with Disabilities § 891.815 Mixed-finance developer's fee. (a) Mixed-finance developer's fee....

  8. 41 CFR 51-9.304-5 - Reproduction fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Reproduction fee schedule... RULES 9.3-Individual Access to Records § 51-9.304-5 Reproduction fee schedule. (a) The fee for... physical characteristics do not permit reproduction by routine electrostatic copying shall be the...

  9. 24 CFR 200.55 - Financing fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Financing fees and charges. 200.55 Section 200.55 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... Financing fees and charges. Fees and charges approved by the Commissioner in excess of the initial...

  10. 36 CFR 1258.12 - NARA reproduction fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false NARA reproduction fee schedule. 1258.12 Section 1258.12 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE FEES § 1258.12 NARA reproduction fee schedule. (a) Certification:...

  11. 48 CFR 3052.216-73 - Distribution of award fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of 85 percent of the base fee and potential award fee, the Government may withhold further payment of... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Distribution of award fee. 3052.216-73 Section 3052.216-73 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  12. 24 CFR 214.313 - Housing counseling fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing counseling fees. 214.313... HOUSING COUNSELING PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.313 Housing counseling fees. (a) Participating agencies may charge reasonable and customary fees for housing education and counseling services, as long...

  13. 7 CFR 785.5 - Fees for mediation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees for mediation services. 785.5 Section 785.5... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS CERTIFIED STATE MEDIATION PROGRAM § 785.5 Fees for mediation services. A requirement that non-USDA parties who elect to participate in mediation pay a fee for mediation services...

  14. 41 CFR 51-8.12 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fee schedule. 51-8.12... MATERIALS § 51-8.12 Fee schedule. (a) This schedule sets forth fees to be charged for processing requests... schedule may be charged a party requesting records under FOIA. (b) Subject to the criteria set forth...

  15. 77 FR 58991 - State-Level Guarantee Fee Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... AGENCY State-Level Guarantee Fee Pricing AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION: Notice; input... Mac of developing appropriate risk-based guarantee fee pricing by state. FHFA's proposal described... subjects. After reviewing the public input and determining a final state-level guarantee fee pricing...

  16. 77 FR 12843 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... the Federal Register on November 24, 1987 (52 FR 45019). CDC began collecting fees on March 1, 1988... proposed fee schedule published in the Federal Register on July 17, 1987 (52 FR 27060). The fee schedule was most recently published in the Federal Register on November 26, 2008 (73 FR 72053). The...

  17. 77 FR 50511 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... Register on November 24, 1987 (52 FR 45019). HHS/CDC began collecting fees on March 1, 1988. This notice... factors were established in the fee schedule published in the Federal Register on July 17, 1987 (52 FR 27060). The fee schedule was most recently published in the Federal Register on March 2, 2012 (77...

  18. 78 FR 14960 - Notice of New Fee Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... Elam, Acting Forest Supervisor, Kaibab National Forest. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Notice of New Fee Site AGENCY: Kaibab National Forest, USDA Forest Service, Arizona. ACTION: Notice of New Fee Sites. SUMMARY: The Kaibab National Forest is proposing to charge fees for...

  19. Intellectual Capital: Comparison and Contrast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Susan R.

    2001-01-01

    Suggests that one of the most important keys for improving individual and organizational performance is in developing and strengthening intellectual capital (IC) and explores the similarities and differences between the concepts of intellectual capital, human capital, and knowledge management. Presents four IC characteristics and addresses the…

  20. Working Paper on Social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen Hanan, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This paper outlines the major schools within social capital theory. Contemporary authors such as Coleman, Putnam and Bourdieu are elaborated on. The paper also presents a non-exhaustive review on studies of social capital. Furthermore, a criticial discussion on social capital is reviewed, before...

  1. Pension funds and capital accumulation

    OpenAIRE

    Belan, Pascal; Michel, Philippe; Wigniolle, Bertrand

    2001-01-01

    This note presents a model in which pension funds, by holding a signifiant share of capital assets, can exert a non competitive behavior on labor market. This leads to lower wages and higher capital returns, and can reduce capital accumulation and Long-run welfare.

  2. Thin Capitalization Rules and Entrepreneurial Capital Structure Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Maßbaum

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tax planners often choose debt over equity financing. As this has led to increased corporate debt financing, many countries have introduced thin capitalization rules to secure their tax revenues. In a general capital structure model we analyze if thin capitalization rules affect dividend and financing decisions, and whether they can partially explain why corporations receive both debt and equity capital. We model the Belgian, German and Italian rules as examples. We find that the so-called Miller equilibrium and definite financing effects depend significantly on the underlying tax system. Further, our results are useful for the treasury to decide what thin capitalization type to implement.

  3. 77 FR 24480 - Application for New Awards; Advanced Placement (AP) Test Fee Program-Reopening the AP Test Fee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    .... ACTION: Notice reopening the AP Test Fee fiscal year 2012 competition. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.330B. SUMMARY: On February 15, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR... Application for New Awards; Advanced Placement (AP) Test Fee Program--Reopening the AP Test Fee Fiscal...

  4. Selection of intellectual capital management strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Shcherbachenko Viktoriia Oleksiivna

    2016-01-01

    This article deals with the selection of intellectual capital management strategy. The attention is paid to the structure of intellectual capital, which consists of human capital, customer capital, process capital, intellectual property, intangible assets. The algorithm of selection of intellectual capital management strategy was created by author.

  5. Social Capital in Rural Denmark

    OpenAIRE

    Svendsen, G.L.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    What are the roots of social capital and how can it be measured and built? Social capital is considered as a new production factor which must be added to the conventional concepts of human and physical capital. Social capital is productive because it increases the level of trust in a society and allows more transactions to take place without third-party enforcement. Theory and lessons from empirical evidence lead to the general recommendation that any loss in social capital must be deducted f...

  6. Performance systems and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Grane Mikael Gregaard; Edwards, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    Performance systems and social capital are considered mutually exclusive. Contemporary studies show that social capital is essential in generating performance improvement. This raises an important question: “How do performance systems and social capital correspond?” This study draws on findings...... from a study on implementation of a performance system in Danish construction. The results show causalities between implementing the performance system and the emergence of social capital in construction projects. Results indicate that performance systems and social capital is not mutually exclusive...

  7. Social Capital in Rural Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, G.L.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    What are the roots of social capital and how can it be measured and built? Social capital is considered as a new production factor which must be added to the conventional concepts of human and physical capital. Social capital is productive because it increases the level of trust in a society and ......-sized groups in the Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement was eliminated due to economies of scale. It may be so that an alternative way of production, taking social capital into account, could have increased economic growth further....

  8. Ensayo sobre el Capital Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Frediani

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En la teoría económica existen distintas definiciones de capital: capital físico, el capital en recursos naturales, el capital financiero, el capital en infraestructura económica, el capital en infraestructura social y el capital humano. Todos ellos son condiciones necesarias para que un país alcance el desarrollo económico y social y un alto estándar y calidad de vida de sus habitantes, pero no suficientes puesto que hace falta una categoría adicional de capital. En los últimos años ha surgido el análisis de una nueva categoría: el Capital Social. El concepto se ha convertido en uno de los temas más debatidos de las ciencias sociales y políticas. Se refiere a un elemento invisible, etéreo, menos tangible que el capital humano (conocimientos y/o habilidades de los individuos o el capital físico (bienes materiales, pero que resulta decisivo para la actividad productiva, la satisfacción de las necesidades personales y el desarrollo comunitario y de una sociedad toda.

  9. Capital theory and rational choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubović Nataša

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Almost from the very beginning of economic science the notion of capital has been the subject of numerous controversies. The main reason for the concept's controversial nature is that it explains interest and profit. In Marxian theory, where 'manner of production' determines forms of activities, mutual relationships and life of individuals, capital appears as a social phenomenon i.e. social relation. Goods and money are not capital by themselves but become capital in the capitalist way of production. Economics mainstream is based on methodological individualism upon which explanation of social phenomena and processes must be derived from individual behavior and motivation. Capital, therefore, is not a product of capitalism as a socially and historically specific form of economic organization, but is rather perceived as connected to the individual and his or her rational behavior. Rational choice is the basic and sometimes the only explanatory factor in the neoclassic theories of capital. Although theories of human and cultural capital point out the interdependence between individual activity and choice on the one hand, and social position on the other hand in the process of capitalization, the connection remains in the background and somehow unclear. A more explicit indication of the interdependence between social structure and choice can be found in the theory of social capital. The goal of this paper is to explore the role of rational choice theory in explaining the nature of capital.

  10. Capital Requirements and Banks' Leniency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dietrich, J. Kimball; Wihlborg, Clas

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the effect of changes in capital regulation on the strictness(leniency) of loan terms using a simple model of bank capital requirements andasset quality examinations. Banks offer different levels of `leniency' in the senseof willingness to offer automatic extensions of loans in the...... presence of temporarypayment difficulties of borrowers. Banks offering lenient (less strict) loan termsmust have higher initial levels of capital and charge higher loan rates. Whencapital requirements are increased, both strict and lenient banks hold higher levelsof initial capital and they raise loan...... rates. As capital requirements increase thedifference between initial capital levels and between interest rates of strict andlenient banks decrease. Thus, higher capital requirements in recessions tend toreduce the interest rate premium paid for leniency. If a recession is interpreted asan increase in...

  11. Contabilidad del capital intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    Myriam Ruiz Tibaná; Ramon Elias Jimenez Arias; Tito Duarte

    2007-01-01

    El capital intelectual es un valor intangible que debe incorporarse a los estados financieros, como parte de la generación de valor de todos los trabajadores de una organización. Existen algunos modelos que permiten cuantificarlo, aunque es preciso reconocer que debemos ahondar con más precisión con el objeto de contar con un mayor número de adeptos a esta importante referencia.

  12. Capital cost estimate

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    The capital cost estimate for the nuclear process heat source (NPHS) plant was made by: (1) using costs from the current commercial HTGR for electricity production as a base for items that are essentially the same and (2) development of new estimates for modified or new equipment that is specifically for the process heat application. Results are given in tabular form and cover the total investment required for each process temperature studied.

  13. Social capital and education

    OpenAIRE

    Timur Natkhov

    2012-01-01

    Timur Natkhov, Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor in the Subdepartment of Institutional Economics, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation. Email: The paper presents a brief evolution of studies on the relationship between education and social capital in different countries. A distinctive feature of these studies is their interdisciplinary nature, as they combine theories and methods of different social sciences.To ide...

  14. Entrepreneurial Human Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Iversen, Jens; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Sørensen, Anders

    2009-01-01

    We argue that formal schooling and wage-work experience are complementary types of human capital for entrepreneurs. Strong empirical support is found for this hypothesis as the interaction term between schooling and actual wage-work experience enters positively and significantly in a Mincer equation, whereas the effect of schooling in the absence of wage-work experience is insignificant. These results are extremely robust towards more flexible specifications, including fixed-effects estimatio...

  15. Managers and Market Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Rebecca Henderson; Karthik Ramanna

    2013-01-01

    In a capitalist system based on free markets, do managers have responsibilities to the system itself? If they do, should these responsibilities shape their behavior when they are engaging in the political process in an attempt to structure the institutions of capitalism? The prevailing view-perhaps most eloquently argued by Milton Friedman-is that the first duty of managers is to maximize shareholder value, and thus that they should take every opportunity (within the bounds of the law) to str...

  16. Investments in human capital

    OpenAIRE

    Milost, Franko; Novak, Matic

    2016-01-01

    Investments in human capital (employees) include investments in the direct assurance of working abilities, investments in health and well-being and investments in loyalty to the company. These investments are crucial for the long-term existence and development of a company, but their value is not disclosed on the assets side of the classical balance sheet. The most important argument given by the proponents of this approach is that the economic benefits stemming from such investments are unce...

  17. Outside Entrepreneurial Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Andy Cosh; Douglas Cumming; Alan Hughes

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the internal versus external financing decisions among 1900 early stage privately held UK firms in 1996-1997. We study the factors that affect rejection rates in applications for outside finance among the different types of investors, taking into account the non-randomness in a firm’s decision to seek outside finance. The data support the traditional pecking order theory; firms with greater capital expenditures / profits are more likely to seek finance and apply for mo...

  18. Proceedings of the Canadian Institute's 8. annual midstream 2005 conference : capitalize on change and opportunity in Canada's evolving midstream sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This conference provided a venue for Canada's midstream oil and gas sector to discuss strategies and options for capitalizing on changes within the industry. Members presented papers related to upcoming federal government climate change regulations and discussed methods of capitalizing on new processing fee guidelines. Strategies for managing market volatility were examined, and issues related to liquefied natural gas (LNG) were reviewed along with methods of optimizing gas processing capacity and negotiating processing fees. A natural gas liquids (NGL) pricing outlook was provided and risk management strategies for royalty and income trusts were discussed. Issues related to the safe and cost-effective abandonment of wells were also examined. The conference featured 17 presentations, of which 3 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs

  19. Corporate Governance Quality, Audit Fees and Non-Audit Services Fees

    OpenAIRE

    Zaman, M

    2011-01-01

    This paper extends prior research on the relationship between governance qualityand auditor remuneration.We examine the influence of audit committee effectiveness (ACE), a proxy for governance quality, on audit fees (AF) and non-audit services fees (NASF) using a new composite measure comprising audit committee independence, expertise, diligence and size. We find that after controlling for board of director characteristics, there is a significant positiveassociation between ACE and AF only fo...

  20. fuente de capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Becerra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El capital intelectual es una concepción novedosa, tipificada como un activo intangible que agrega valor a la empresa; está formado por tres componentes: el capital organizacional, el humano y el relacional. El capital humano está relacionado con el desarrollo y los conocimientos del individuo, que permite diferenciar a un profesional de otro. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la formación del Contador Público egresado de la Universidad de Los Andes (ULA de Trujillo, como fuente de capital humano para su desempeño profesional. Los datos se recolectaron aplicando un cuestionario a una muestra aleatoria de 47 de estos profesionales, empleando para el análisis y presentación de los resultados técnicas estadísticas. La investigación evidencia que la mayoría de los encuestados poseen un nivel de satisfacción de medio a bajo con su formación de pregrado, señalando como principales debilidades del Plan de Estudio las áreas tributaria y cambiaria, el manejo instrumental del inglés y el conocimiento de las normativas que rigen el sistema económico. La formación en algunas de estas áreas la han mejorado a través de otras actividades de capacitación. No obstante reconocen algunas fortalezas tales como: el aprendizaje y dominio de conceptos y Principios Contables de Aceptación General, las matemáticas y estadística, el manejo de la contabilidad computarizada y las habilidades para analizar e interpretar problemas contables. Se concluye que a pesar de las deficiencias, la realización de cursos de actualización, junto con las fortalezas en la formación de la carrera, ha contribuido a que el contador público egresado de la ULA de Trujillo constituya un capital humano con ventaja competitiva.

  1. 36 CFR 1600.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... prepare it for disclosure. Review costs are recoverable even if a record ultimately is not disclosed... that the fees will be more than $25.00, it will notify you of the actual or estimated amount of the... amount to more than $25.00, the request will not be considered received and further work will not be...

  2. 36 CFR 251.57 - Rental fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... enterprises, and which is engaged in public or semi-public activity to further public health, safety, or... authorized officer, when equitable and in the public interest, for the use and occupancy of National Forest... in the fees for an authorized use or occupancy for which the United States is already...

  3. 31 CFR 25.401 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 25.401 Section 25.401 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PREPAYMENT OF FOREIGN MILITARY SALES LOANS MADE... FINANCING BANK AND GUARANTEED BY THE DEFENSE SECURITY ASSISTANCE AGENCY Form of Private Loan § 25.401...

  4. 77 FR 37553 - Access Authorization Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... direct final rule published in the Federal Register on May 3, 2012 (77 FR 26149) is confirmed as June 22...: On May 3, 2012 (77 FR 26149), the NRC published a direct final rule amending its regulations at Title... COMMISSION 10 CFR Parts 11 and 25 RIN 3150-AJ00 Access Authorization Fees AGENCY: Nuclear...

  5. The free-to-fee transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer, Aske; Boeck, Morten; Hansen, Jakob Vikær;

    2015-01-01

    groups to examine audiences’ attitudes toward paying for online news. The analysis suggests that audiences’ general principles regarding paying for online news influence their willingness to pay more than the size of the subscription fee. Furthermore, the analysis shows that younger audiences...

  6. Physician Fee Schedule National Payment Amount File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The significant size of the Physician Fee Schedule Payment Amount File-National requires that database programs (e.g., Access, dBase, FoxPro, etc.) be used to read...

  7. 29 CFR 541.605 - Fee basis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... payment meets the minimum amount of salary required for exemption under these regulations, the amount paid... artist paid $250 for a picture that took 20 hours to complete meets the minimum salary requirement for... Salary Requirements § 541.605 Fee basis. (a) Administrative and professional employees may be paid on...

  8. 9 CFR 205.205 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 205.205 Section 205.205 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CLEAR TITLE-PROTECTION FOR PURCHASERS OF FARM PRODUCTS...

  9. 13 CFR 102.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 102.6 Section 102.6 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RECORD DISCLOSURE AND PRIVACY Disclosure of... records responsive to a request. It includes page-by-page or line-by-line identification of...

  10. 5 CFR 2411.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to paper copies of standard size, usually 81/2 by 11, or their equivalent in microfiche or computer... previously failed to pay a fee charged in a timely fashion (i.e., within 30 days of the date of the billing... pay for the employee plus 16 percent of the rate to cover benefits) and the cost of...

  11. 22 CFR 1102.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... service does not fall under one of the above categories due to the amount or size or type thereof, the... previously failed to pay fees charged in a timely fashion (i.e., within 30 days of the date of the billing... employee who actually performs the search, plus an additional 16% of that rate to cover benefits. (ii)...

  12. 18 CFR 1301.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accordance with paragraph (c) of this section, except where fees are limited under paragraph (d) of this... television or radio stations broadcasting to the public at large and publishers of periodicals (but only in... there exists a solid basis for determining that aggregation is warranted under all of the...

  13. Venture Capital, Private Firms, and the Capital Acquisition Process

    OpenAIRE

    Mull, Rick H.

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical examination of the incentives motivating venture capitalists and sample of growth option intensive private firms with acute capital requirements to interact, the gains each group achieves through this association, the types of private firms successfully attracting venture capital, and mechanisms used in this funding process. Results show that venture capital backed firms achieve growth rates (1) greater than expected, and (2) greater than a matched sample of n...

  14. Capital Gains Taxes, Irreversible Investment, and Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Norman Schuerhoff

    2004-01-01

    Personal taxation can be an important determinant of corporate investment and financing decisions if the marginal investor is taxed. I develop a dynamic capital budgeting model under realization-based capital gains taxation that highlights distinct cross-sectional and time-series implications. Capital gains taxation creates an embedded tax timing option that reduces investors’ uncertainty about after-tax payoffs in downstates. The inherent asymmetry in personal taxation diminishes the value...

  15. Do client fees help or hurt?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, B

    1998-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of client fees for family planning (FP) services on cost recovery and level of user services in developing countries. The UN Population Fund reports that developing country governments currently pay 75% of the costs of FP programs. Donors contribute 15%, and clients pay 10%. Current pressures are on FP services to broaden and improve their scope, while user demand is increasing. Program managers should consider the program's need for funds and the clients' willingness to pay. Clients are willing to pay about 1% of their income for contraception. A study of sterilization acceptance in Mexico finds that the average monthly case load declined by 10% after the 1st price increase from $43 to $55 and declined by 58% after the 2nd price increase to $60. Fewer low-income clients requested sterilization. A CEMOPLAF study in Ecuador finds that in three price increase situations the number of clients seeking services declined, but the economic mix of clients remained about the same. The decline was 20% in the group with a 20% price increase and 26% in the 40% increase group. In setting fees, the first need is to determine unit costs. The Futures Group International recommends considering political, regulatory, and institutional constraints for charging fees; priorities for revenue use; protection for poor clients; and monitoring of money collection and expenditure. Management Sciences for Health emphasizes consideration of the reasons for collection of fees, client affordability, and client perception of quality issues. Sliding scales can be used to protect poor clients. Charging fees for laboratory services can subsidize poor clients. A Bangladesh program operated a restaurant and catering service in order to subsidize FP services. Colombia's PROFAMILIA sells medical and surgical services and a social marketing program in order to expand clinics. PMID:12293239

  16. Capital Income Taxation and Tax Criteria in International Capital Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Hannu Piekkola

    1995-01-01

    The study analyses the capital income taxation of foreign-source income, where residence and source criteria are the two well-known tax criteria. The study presents a globally optimal tax rule which equalizes the shadow price of capital in the countries and which is assumed to be a weighted average of the return on savings and on investment, i.e. depending on the gross rate of return to the extent that capital contributes to the capital used, and on the net interest rate to the extent that ca...

  17. Fees at California's Public Colleges and Universities. Report 09-04

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    Fees at California's public colleges and universities have increased in the past two decades, but are still lower than fees at comparable institutions in other states. Fees for full-time undergraduate students at the University of California (UC) were $8,027 in 2008-09 and fees at California State University (CSU) were $3,849. Fees are likely to…

  18. 75 FR 58961 - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Fee Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    .... 75 FR 33456. Table 1--Immigration Benefit Request Fees Current Form No. Title fees Final fees I-90... schedule on June 11, 2010. See 75 FR 33445. The current USCIS fee schedule does not recoup the full cost of..., and military naturalization costs from the fee structure. See 75 FR 33445, 33447....

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS SKILLS MODULE FOR HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moré, Dailien

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Today firms advocate buy a business improvement depends on proper reach staff selection considering the level of commitment, work attitude, skills and competencies of each person in the performance of the functions of the various fees and jobs. This research proposes a module occupational competency (CL that would strengthen the Human Capital Management (GCH. The proposal may encourage national institutions and increase their productivity sustained employment success for the country. For the realization of the solution was carried out the study of business processes and methods of multicriterial decision-making. Following the completion of the design, the solution was implemented and the identified components were integrated, the results of the data obtained showed the feasibility of the contribution to the solution of the problem.

  20. Capital social et anthroponomie

    OpenAIRE

    Peaucelle, Irina

    2002-01-01

    Dans ce texte j'analyse les relations entre la composante Santé du capital social et la reproduction élargie de l'économie. Il s'agit aussi de discuter des méthodes d'évaluation de santé des populations pour apprécier leur potentiel de travail. En s'appuyant sur des travaux en psychologie sociale, je cherche à appréhender les rythmes anthroponomiques de l'évolution économique.

  1. Knight Capital Americas LLC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austin, Robert D.; Meister, Darren

    2015-01-01

    It took 19 years to build Knight Capital Americas LLC into the largest market maker on the New York Stock Exchange, but on August 1, 2012, it took only 45 minutes for the firm to be wiped out by an information technology (IT) problem: a change in the company's software caused it to lose more than...... officer, other managers and the board of directors have done differently? What lessons does this story hold for how firms should be managed and governed? And what does it say about our ability to manage risk in large modern corporations operating in increasingly fast-moving and complex global markets?...

  2. Capital social comunicativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Ángel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se buscan establecer las bases para una transformación del tradicional triángulo comunicativo emisor-mensaje-receptor, por un esquema que haga alusión a la dinámica social de la comunicación relacionada con lo público: actores-escenarios-sentidos. De esta forma, es posible conformar guías para la acción y encontrar en los actores ciudadanos de comunicación, la conformaciónde un capital social para la democracia.

  3. The Genesis of Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Xing

    2004-01-01

    foremost a transformative process involving political repercussions as being dealt with here (enforced variation, reshaping, selection and distortion). In sum, the paper intends to problematize the significance of the evolutionary explanation, the culturalist approach as well as the economistic...... (historical, divine, spiritual, miraculous), the establishment of capitalism is less the result of a force for cultural and economic dynamism than the realization of a political project. In other words, from being an enterprise within defined geographical boundaries to becoming a global project is first and...

  4. Contratos de capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Alejandro Goyes Viteri

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este documento busca dar a conocer el tema de la inversión en capital humano a través de la celebración de contratos atípicos y utilizando la fiducia mercantil y la titularización como vehículos financieros. Por medio de estos contratos un estudiante obtiene los recursos que requiere para financiar su educación superior, a cambio de entregar un porcentaje de sus ingresos después de su graduación a quien financió la operación.

  5. Contratos de capital humano

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Alejandro Goyes Viteri

    2005-01-01

    Este documento busca dar a conocer el tema de la inversión en capital humano a través de la celebración de contratos atípicos y utilizando la fiducia mercantil y la titularización como vehículos financieros. Por medio de estos contratos un estudiante obtiene los recursos que requiere para financiar su educación superior, a cambio de entregar un porcentaje de sus ingresos después de su graduación a quien financió la operación.

  6. Developing Moral Capital in Schools

    OpenAIRE

    Çelik, Vehbi; Mevlana Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Bölümü

    2014-01-01

    An abundance of models and approaches have been formed to develop school effectiveness. Schools have been analyzed with respect to psychological, sociological, cultural and administrative dimensions. Social and cultural capitals- as the recently developed nonmonetary forms of capital-have been investigated with respect to school organizations. Nonetheless so far there has been no in-depth research on moral capital in schools as an original concept. In the present research, the concept of mora...

  7. Worker Remittances and Capital Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Buch, Claudia M; Kuckulenz, Anja; Le Manchec, Marie-Helene

    2002-01-01

    The debate on the risks and benefits of the globalisation of international capital markets has focused on the volume and the volatility of the main capital flows — foreign direct investment (FDI), portfolio investment, and foreign bank lending. Financial transfers in the form of worker remittances have received less attention in this context. This paper provides an analysis on the magnitude of remittances, their volatility, and their relationship to other capital flows. Moreover, we provide ...

  8. Re-Thinking Social Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatko Bukač

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of social capital has been used very often in sociological researches over the last two decades. Measuring social capital in civil society, neighborhoods and educational systems is merely a part of its popular usage. Many sociologists tend to use the concept of social capital very freely and therefore expand the definition of social capital. The author’s personal experience indicates that there have been a great number of academic discussions, research planning and public speeches implementing the notion of social capital without taking a detailed consideration of what that concept truly entails. By overviewing the available literature on social capital, it is actually no wonder that both sociologists and the noted concept were in this confusing situation. As Field stated in his book Social Capital (Key Ideas, published in 2008, his work was “the first attempt to provide an extended introduction on increasingly influential concept of social capital” (Field 1. Quibria notes that even though there is a vast number of research conducted on social capital in many academic fields and with various approaches ‘the concept of social capital remains largely elusive’’(1. That obviously is not an obstacle because there is a constantly growing interest in social capital. A vast body of research concerning, measuring, and defining social capital is available today, which helps a researcher to analyze and compare all of the perspectives concerning social capital. This can be of great importance when researchers approach a somewhat new subject of research such as online communication and, more specifically, online games.

  9. Crises and human capital accumulation

    OpenAIRE

    Freddy Heylen; Lorenzo Pozzi

    2007-01-01

    This paper studies the effects of crises on human capital formation. Theoretically, a crisis undermines total factor productivity, which reduces the return to working and to accumulating physical capital. If the crisis is temporary, young agents will study now and work later. Human capital rises. To test our model we rely on inflation crises as our main empirical proxy. Using GMM panel procedures, our analysis for 86 countries in 1970-2000 confirms the positive effects of crises on human capi...

  10. APPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL THEORY

    OpenAIRE

    Schmid, A. Allan; Robison, Lindon J.

    1995-01-01

    Experiments and studies were conducted to investigate the role of social capital. Social capital (relationship to others) is a productive asset which is a substitute for and complement to other productive assets. The productivity of social capital leads to the expectation that firms and individuals invest in relationships. Data were collected to answer the following questions: Does the identity (relationship) of trading partners affect selling and buying prices; the acceptance of catastrophic...

  11. Capitalism and African business cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Scott D.

    2014-01-01

    Scholars and practitioners once commonly linked 'African culture' to a distinctive 'African capitalism', at odds with genuine capitalism and the demands of modern business. Yet contemporary African business cultures reveal that a capitalist ethos has taken hold within both state and society. The success and visibility of an emergent, and celebrated, class of African big business reveals that business and profit are culturally acceptable. Existing theories of African capitalism are ill-equippe...

  12. Capital Flows and Central Banking

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Poonam

    2016-01-01

    Because of the steady liberalization of the capital account since the early 1990s and increased financial integration of the Indian economy, capital flows to India have moved in tandem with broad global trends. This paper looks at the extent to which India’s monetary policy has been affected by the ebbs and flows of the capital it receives. For ease of narration, the paper divides the post...

  13. Venture Capital and Innovation Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Da Rin, M.; Penas, M.F.

    2015-01-01

    Venture capital is a specialized form of financial intermediation that often provides funding for costly technological innovation. Venture capital firms need to exit portfolio companies within about five years from the investment to generate returns for institutional investors. This paper is the first to examine the association of venture capital funding with a company’s choice of innovation strategies. We employ a unique dataset of over 10,000 innovative Dutch companies, some of which receiv...

  14. Human Capital and Genetic Diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Sequeira, Tiago; Santos, Marcelo,; Ferreira-Lopes, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    The determinants of human capital have been studied sparsely in the literature. Although there is a huge literature on the determinants of schooling linked with the quality of schooling, there are not many contributions that explore the deep determinants of investment in, quantity and quality of human capital. This paper investigates the relationship between human capital and the ancestral genetic diversity of populations. It highlights a strong hump-shaped relationship between genetic divers...

  15. EUROPEAN VENTURE CAPITAL MARKET CHARACTERIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    Félix, Elisabete Gomes Santana

    2005-01-01

    In this work it was intended to carry through an analysis of the European venture capital market in the last eight years. Also it was done a summary of the venture capital industry history, carrying through a comparison between U.S.A. and Europe. In the European venture capital market analysis it was pointed out aspects about the investment totals, fundraising, investors types and investments types. Among others conclusions, it was found that the banks and pension funds are the main sup...

  16. A Capital Adequacy Buffer Model

    OpenAIRE

    David Allen; Michael McAleer

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we develop a new capital adequacy buffer model (CABM) which is sensitive to dynamic economic circumstances. The model, which measures additional bank capital required to compensate for fluctuating credit risk, is a novel combination of the Merton structural model which measures distance to default and the timeless capital asset pricing model (CAPM) which measures additional returns to compensate for additional share price risk.

  17. 77 FR 52977 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-Based Capital Rule; Market Risk Capital Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... must assume a margin period of risk under the IMM of 20 business days for netting sets where: (1) The... Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-Based Capital Rule; Market Risk Capital Rule; Proposed... 325 RIN 3064-AD97 Regulatory Capital Rules: Advanced Approaches Risk-Based Capital Rule; Market...

  18. Stranded costs and exit fees

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The New Brunswick Market Design Committee has been directed to examine the issue of stranded costs since it is a major component of restructuring within the electricity sector. When regulated monopolies are faced with competition, they could find that some of their embedded costs cannot be recovered. These costs are referred to as stranded costs. Common sources include large capital investments in uneconomic plants or expensive power purchase contracts or fuel supply contracts. In general, stranded costs do not include gains or losses associated with normal business risks experienced by regulated utilities. This report presents recommendations for mitigation of stranded costs, valuation methodologies and cost-recovery mechanisms. It also presents a summary of experience with stranded costs in other jurisdictions such as California, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania and Ontario. Stranded costs are often recovered through an obligatory charge on all customers, particularly in jurisdictions where retail competition exists. In the New Brunswick market, however, the only customers who can create stranded costs are those eligible to choose their own suppliers. It is argued that since most customers will not have a choice of electricity suppliers, they cannot generate stranded costs and therefore, should not have to pay costs stranded by others. A method to quantify stranded costs is presented, along with a review of transmission-related stranded costs in New Brunswick. Expansion of self-generation in New Brunswick could strand transmission assets. Currently, self-generators only contribute a small amount to fixed charges of the transmission system. However, under new recommended tariffs, the amount could increase. It is likely that the net amount of stranded transmission costs will not be large. 2 refs., 1 fig

  19. Social Capital and Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Reino Hjerppe

    1998-01-01

    It is argued in order to explain large differences in the level of the development and the growth of economies cannot be adequately explained only by looking the traditional inputs of labour, capital and natural resources. The hypothesis is that also the role of social capital needs to be taken into account. First the concept of social capital is defined and discussed. Then the role of social capital in the development process is explained. Empirical test based on the cross-country data of 27...

  20. Exploring the social capital grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Patulny, Roger

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show that numerous studies have advanced social capital research over the past decade. Most studies have accepted the theoretical distinction between bonding and bridging social capital networks. Many, however, tend to agglomerate empirical research under the one...... catch-all social capital concept, rather than classifying it according to the bonding/bridging distinction. Furthermore, most studies make little distinction on the basis of methodology, between qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigating social capital. These omissions need to be addressed....

  1. MODELS OF CAPITAL COSTS QUANTIFICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Tomáš KLIEŠTIK; Katarína VALÁŠKOVÁ

    2013-01-01

    The present contribution deals with the quantification of capital costs. The contribution is written on a theoretical basis. The costs will be particularly quantified in financing only by equity and only by debt capital and particularly in the so-called mixed financing in which weighted average costs of capital will be quantified. The cost of capital can be seen from three different perspectives: in the assets part of a company, in the liability part of a company and in the part of potential ...

  2. Building A Venture Capital Index

    OpenAIRE

    Liang Peng

    2001-01-01

    This paper builds a venture capital index from 1987 to 1999 that consists of 12,946 rounds of venture financing with 5,643 venture-backed firms. The paper uses two innovative techniques, a re-weighting procedure and a method of moment repeat sales regression, to mitigates three problems - missing data, censored data, and sample selection. We report the time series of capital flows, net asset value, and returns of the venture capital index. We find that the venture capital industry experienced...

  3. Social Capital, Value, and Measure: Antonio Negri's Challenge to Capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Ronald E.

    2002-01-01

    Considers one concept in knowledge management, that of social capital, focusing on the problem of measure and value in capitalism, specifically within the period and conditions of post-Fordist production. Discusses the work of Antonio Negri and suggests the importance of knowledge management as a symptom of a turn in political economy. (Author/LRW)

  4. Human capital and optimal positive taxation of capital income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear and non-linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heterogenous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also

  5. Comprehensive wealth, intangible capital, and development

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Susana; Hamilton, Kirk

    2010-01-01

    Existing wealth estimates show that in most countries intangible capital is the largest share of total wealth. Intangible capital is calculated as the difference between total wealth and tangible (produced and natural) capital. This paper uses new estimates of total wealth, natural capital, and physical capital for a panel of countries to shed light on the constituents of the intangible ca...

  6. Growth Strategy with Social Capital and Physical Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Le Van, Cuong; Nguyen, Anh Ngoc; Nguyen, Ngoc-Minh

    2014-01-01

    Dans ce papier, nous étudions l'impact du capital social dans un modèle simple à la fois théorique et empirique. L'hypothèse cruciale est que le coût du capital physique, grâce aux contacts sociaux diminue par rapport aux dépenses en capital social. Dans le modèle théorique, nous montrons qu'il existe un seuil critique de l'épargne destinée aux dépenses en capital social. Les firmes dont l'épargne est inférieur à ce seuil ne vont pas investir en capital social. Nous montrons de plus que les p...

  7. 36 CFR 51.78 - Will a concession contract require a franchise fee and will the franchise fee be subject to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... require a franchise fee and will the franchise fee be subject to adjustment? 51.78 Section 51.78 Parks... Concession Contract Provisions § 51.78 Will a concession contract require a franchise fee and will the franchise fee be subject to adjustment? (a) Concession contracts will provide for payment to the...

  8. 36 CFR 703.8 - Fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees and charges. 703.8 Section 703.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Availability of Library of Congress Records § 703.8 Fees and charges. (a) The Library will charge no fees for: (1) Access to or...

  9. 12 CFR 37.5 - Method of payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Method of payment of fees. 37.5 Section 37.5... AND DEBT SUSPENSION AGREEMENTS § 37.5 Method of payment of fees. Except as provided in § 37.3(c)(2), a bank may offer a customer the option of paying the fee for a contract in a single payment, provided...

  10. A Flexible Franchise Fee Scheme in a BOT Project

    OpenAIRE

    Yao-Min Chiang

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between a government and a franchise firm in a build-operate-transfer (BOT) project is one that is wrought with incentive problems. It is well known that a contingent payment structure can help alleviate moral hazard problems. This paper provides a flexible franchise fee scheme from the perspective of a government which can charge a sufficient franchise fee and provide enough incentive for a private firm in a BOT project. This flexible franchise fee structure has option-like ...

  11. Determinants of Audit Fees: Evidence from an Emerging Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Yousef Mohammad Hassan; Kamal Naser

    2013-01-01

    This study sets out to examine factors influencing audit fees paid by non-financial companies listed on AbuDhabi Stock Exchange (ADX). Data were collected from the 2011 annual and corporate governance reportspublished by the Emirati non-financial companies listed on ADX. Backward regression analysis is employed toassess the association between audit fees and certain company’s attributes. The findings show a directrelationship between audit fees and each of corporate size, business complexity ...

  12. Non-Audit Service Fees, Auditor Characteristics and Earnings Restatements

    OpenAIRE

    SORIN-SANDU VÎNĂTORU; GEORGE CALOTĂ

    2009-01-01

    The objective of the study is to provide empirical evidence of the impact of non-audit services (NAS) as well as other auditor characteristics on auditor independence by testing the relationship of NAS fees to the occurrence of financial statement restatements. The authors tested whether firms that restate their financial statements have higher levels of total service fees or higher levels of NAS fees than non-restatement firms. The testing also includes an examination of the relationship bet...

  13. 12 CFR 565.4 - Capital measures and capital category definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital measures and capital category... PROMPT CORRECTIVE ACTION § 565.4 Capital measures and capital category definitions. (a) Capital measures. For purposes of section 38 and this part, the relevant capital measures shall be: (1) The total...

  14. 76 FR 11668 - Minimum Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... amended. See 74 FR 5597 (January 30, 2009). As a result, the definition of ``minimum capital level'' as... by HERA. Final Rule: Capital Requirements for the Federal Home Loan Banks, 66 FR 8262, 8282-83... 12 U.S.C. 4612(d). The 60-day comment period closed on April 9, 2010. See Federal Register 75 FR...

  15. 75 FR 6151 - Minimum Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... Cease and Desist Order, as amended. See 74 FR 5597 (January 30, 2009). As a result, the definition of... AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1225 RIN 2590-AA01 Minimum Capital AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION... Soundness Act that provides for a temporary increase in the minimum capital level for entities regulated...

  16. Business model and Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe

    2012-01-01

    When practicing business model (BM) innovation releasing intellectual capital (IC) strategically from SME´s BMs through the innovation process can be extremely difficult and complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities and resources in...... SME´s Intellectual Capital – but how to release them?...

  17. Taxes and Venture Capital Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keuschnigg, Christian; Nielsen, Søren Bo

    2003-01-01

    's success, but is not verifiable. Asa result, the market equilibrium is biased towards inefficiently low venture capitalsupport. The capital gains tax becomes especially harmful, as it further impairsadvice and causes a first-order welfare loss. Once the capital gains tax is in place,limitations on loss off...

  18. Operational risk economic capital allocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikonov, Oleg I.; Vlasov, Vladimir E.; Medvedeva, Marina A.

    2013-10-01

    In the paper we describe a model of operational risk of economic capital estimation and allocation based on Loss Distribution Approach (LDA). Bank's total losses are modeled through Monte-Carlo simulations of its business units' losses. It allows to fairly distributing the corresponding capital between business units in order to assess and manage their risk adjusted performance.

  19. Solow Residuals Without Capital Stocks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burda, Michael C.; Severgnini, Battista

    2014-01-01

    investment expenditures: one eliminates the capital stock by direct substitution, while the other employs generalized differences of detrended data and the Malmquist index. In short samples, these measures can exhibit consistently lower root mean squared errors than the Solow–Törnqvist counterpart. Capital...

  20. ROMANIA’S CAPITAL MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    ROBERT SZABO; ILIE RĂSCOLEAN

    2008-01-01

    The book presents the features and the evolution of the capital market in Romania and also presents its role and efficiency in financing the economy. Also the book presents the participants in the capital market, which are defined as regulated entities, investors and issuers.

  1. Universities Venture into Venture Capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desruisseaux, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Reports that some universities are starting their own venture-capital funds to develop campus companies, or are investing endowment funds with established venture-capital firms inclined to finance potential spinoffs from campus research. Examples cited are from the University of Alabama, Vanderbilt University (Tennessee), University of…

  2. Physician Fee Policy and Medicaid Program Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Gruber; Kathleen Adams; Newhouse, Joseph P.

    1997-01-01

    We investigate the hypothesis that increasing access for the indigent to physician offices shifts care from hospital outpatient settings and lowers Medicaid costs (the so-called offset effect'). To evaluate this hypothesis we exploit a large increase in physician fees in the Tennessee Medicaid program, using Georgia as a control. We find that beneficiaries shifted care from clinics to offices, but that there was little or no shifting from hospital outpatient departments or emergency rooms. Th...

  3. GENERIC DRUG USER FEE: AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darshit S. Patel*, Abhishek R. Patel and Narendra A. Patel

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The globalization of generic drug manufacturing, supply and testing, and a growing workload that has far outpaced USFDA’s resources has created new challenges. USFDA & Industry propose generic drug user fee to address the need for globalization of the inspection process, and to speed the timely review of generic product applications. The Generic Drug User Fee (GDUF proposal is agreed by generic industry & USFDA and is focused on three key aims: safety, access, and transparency. Under the program, USFDA will receive nearly $1.5 billion over five years in supplemental funding through generic industry user fees in order to help the agency expedite access to generic drugs, enhance drug quality and safety and ensure inspection parity of both foreign and domestic manufacturing sites. GDUF also will help accelerate the market entry of additional manufacturers of drugs currently in short supply and improve quality, consistency, and availability within the supply chain, further helping to mitigate drug shortages. The GDUF new legislation is a milestone for the generic giants and a major win for American health care consumers.

  4. Regulating debit cards: the case of ad valorem fees

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu Wang

    2010-01-01

    Debit cards have become an indispensable part of the U.S. payments system, accounting for more than a third of consumer payments at point of sale. With this development has come controversy: Card networks charge merchants fees that merchants believe are too high. And most of the fees are ad valorem that is, based on transaction value rather than fixed fees per transaction. ; Given that debit cards incur a fixed cost per transaction, why do networks charge ad valorem fees? How do ad valorem fe...

  5. Sand in the Wheels of Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bersem, Mario; Perotti, Enrico; von Thadden, Ernst-Ludwig

    rest receives only lab or income; and (ii) voters have different vintages of human capital. We identify young workers as the decisive voter group, with preferences in between capitalists who favor a free capital market, and old workers, who favor restricted capital mobility. We show that capital market......We present a positive theory of capital market frictions that raise the cost of capital for new firms and lower the cost of capital for incumbent firms. Capital market frictions arise from a political conflict across voters who differ in two dimensions: (i) a fraction of voters owns capital, the...... frictions do not naturally arise in a static framework, or even in a dynamic framework if capital market frictions are reversible. But if capital market frictions can be made to p ersist over time, we show that young workers favor capital market frictions as a way to smo oth income, especially if wealth is...

  6. A successful capital treadmill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A summary of the operating economics of the Winter Cummings Sand Pool, a horizontal well development project with a sustained rate of development, was presented. A total of 58 horizontal wells have been drilled over a time span of seven years. The production performance of the first pilot wells indicated that development of the pool by horizontal wells could be economically viable. Since its inception the Winter field development was considered to have become a capital treadmill with an incremental rate of return on the incremental investment of 240 percent (a 24 million dollar net operating cash flow for a 10 million dollar investment). Current development status and production forecasts were also discussed. 21 figs

  7. Culture as Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    A collection of essays 2011-2014 By following, and reproducing, the cultural turn, the rhetoric of cultural mix and hybridism is disseminated today primarily in its crossing of trade barriers. Cultures reduced to their exchange value function as capital - an accumulative, speculative and......, ultimately, financial affair. In some of its media and site-(un)specific manifestations, process art - which aims to encompass both old and new media art - seems to resist this pressure, despite, nonetheless, not being protected from regulations and incorporations. In the present collection of his recent...... essays, Slavko Kacunko discusses the process art by crossing the disciplines of art history and comparative media-, visual- and -cultural studies. As a first approximation, several historiographical remarks on closed-circuit video installations underline their importance as a core category of process art...

  8. International venture capital perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Full text:' The emerging fuel cell industry is characterized by global cooperation and partnerships in commercial, technical, and financial aspects. In this talk, we would like to provide observations about international venture capital focused on fuel cells globally. The talk will refer to experiences Conduit Ventures has had with its portfolio companies and other investors in various countries. We discuss our approach to working with portfolio companies who are geographically remote from our main office in London. We also discuss the process of making investment decisions on possible investments in various countries. The talk will conclude with insights and 'lessons learned' which may be of interest to fellow members of Fuel Cells Canada. (author)

  9. The economics of payment card fee structure: what is the optimal balance between merchant fee and payment card rewards?

    OpenAIRE

    Fumiko Hayashi

    2008-01-01

    This paper theoretically considers the optimal balance between the merchant fee and the cardholder fee (rewards) from both efficiency and equity perspectives. First, the paper constructs the models that can be used by the U.S. policymakers. Because theoretical results are very sensitive to the assumptions of the models, it is important to construct models that reflect the reality of the market. Second, the most efficient fee structure and product price are considered under the various combina...

  10. Capital Account Liberalization as a Signal

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    We present a model in which a government's current capital controls policy signals future policies. Controls on capital outflows evolve in response to news on technology, conditional on government attitudes towards taxation of capital. When there is uncertainty over government types, a policy of liberal capital outflows sends a favorable signal that may trigger a capital inflow. This prediction is consistent with the experience of several countries that have liberalized their capital account

  11. Uninsurable investment risks and capital income taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Césaire A. Meh; Terajima, Yaz

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the capital accumulation and welfare implications of reducing capital income taxation in a general equilibrium economy with uninsurable investment risks. It has been shown that, with uninsurable investment risks, under-accumulation of capital may result compared to the complete markets economy. We show that reducing somewhat the capital income tax rate increases the capital stock and leads to a welfare gain. The complete elimination of the capital income tax, however, is no...

  12. Corruption, Public Expenditure, and Human Capital Accumulation

    OpenAIRE

    Spyridon Boikos

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the effect of corruption on human capital accumulation through two channels. The first channel is through the effect of corruption on the public expenditure on education and the second channel is through the effect of corruption on the physical capital investment. Public expenditure on education affects positively human capital, while physical capital can obsolete human capital. Initially, we construct an endogenous two-sector growth model with human capital accum...

  13. Capital regulation and banks' financial decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Haibin

    2015-01-01

    This paper develops a stochastic dynamic model to examine the impact of capital regulation on banks' financial decisions. In equilibrium, lending decisions, capital buffer and the probability of bank failure are endogenously determined. Compared to a flat-rate capital rule, a risk-sensitive capital standard causes the capital requirement to be much higher for small (and riskier) banks and much lower for large (and less risky) banks. Nevertheless, changes in actual capital holdings are less pr...

  14. Intellectual capital: Evidence from banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    Somayeh Boostani; Shabnam Fotovvat; Karam Safari

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates different components on intellectual capital including human capital, structural capital and customer capital in banking industry in city of Salmas, Iran. The study uses the questionnaire developed by Bontis (1998) [Bontis, N. (1998). Intellectual capital: an exploratory study that develops measures and models. Management Decision, 36(2), 63-76.] to measure the effects of human capital. The questionnaire consists of 42 questions and all of them are designed in Likert s...

  15. 78 FR 55339 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... Methodology a. Recognition of Wrong-Way Risk b. Increased Asset Value Correlation Factor 4. Credit Valuation... requirement for a ratio of common equity tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets (common equity tier 1 capital... Provisions, Prompt Corrective Action, Standardized Approach for Risk-weighted Assets, Market Discipline...

  16. 78 FR 62417 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... comments that appeared in the Federal Register of September 10, 2013 (78 FR 55340), regarding Regulatory... NW., Washington, DC 20429. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In FR Doc. 2013-21357, appearing on page 55518... Part 324 RIN 3064-AD95 Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel...

  17. 1984 Federal Interim Storage fee study: a technical and economic analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JAI examined alternative methods for structuring charges for Federal Interim Storage (FIS) services were examined and the conclusion reached that the combined interests of the Department and the users would be best served, and costs most appropriately recovered, by a two-part fee involving an Initial Payment upon execution of a contract for FIS services followed by a Final Payment upon delivery of the spent fuel to the Department. The Initial Payment would be an advance payment covering the pro rata share of preoperational costs, including (1) the capital costs of the required transfer facilities and storage area, (2) development costs, (3) government administrative costs including storage fund management, and (4) impact aid payments made in accordance with section 136(e) of the Act. The Final Payment would be made at the time of delivery of the spent fuel to the Department and would be calculated to cover the sum of the following: (1) any under-or over-estimation in the costs used to calculate the Initial Payment of the fee including savings due to rod consolidation), (2) module costs (i.e., storage casks, drywells, or silos), and (3) the total estimated cost of operation and decommissioning of the FIS facilities (including government administrative costs, storage fund management and impact aid). Charges for the transport of spent fuel from the reactor site to FIS facilities would be separately assessed at cost since these will be specific to each reactor site and destination

  18. National Capital Planning Commission Meeting Transcripts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Capital Planning Commission — Transcripts of the monthly (with the exception of August) National Capital Planning Commission meeting transcripts are provided for research to confirm actions...

  19. Immigrant Capital and Entrepreneurial Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malavika Sundararajan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The main objective of this study is to define and operationalize the concept of immigrant capital, a key factor that differentiates immigrant from host country entrepreneurs in how they recognize and start new ventures. Research Design & Methods: A detailed analysis of contemporary immigrant entrepreneurship and opportunity recognition literature was carried out. Using grounded theory, we synthesized the outcomes from the analysis of eight Canadian and U.S. case studies of successful immigrant entrepreneurs with the key findings from the literature to define and develop a model of immigrant capital. Findings: Based on our grounded theory development process we show that the concept of immigrant capital as a distillate of human, cultural, economic and social capital that goes beyond expected opportunity recognition (OR drivers like prior knowledge and prior experience to differentiate and enhance the immigrant entrepreneur’s ability to recognize business opportunities compared to host country entrepreneurs. We found immigrant capital to be a consequence of being boundary spanners in host and home country networks. Implications & Recommendations: Understanding a unique resource like immigrant capital, will help immigrant as well as host country entrepreneurs further develop their opportunity recognition ability by bridging gaps and fulfilling the needs for both, immigrant and host country consumers. Contribution & Value Added: The main contribution is the theoretical development, identification and definition of the immigrant capital model and propositions that will articulate the factors that lead to the conceptualization and operationalization of immigrant capital. Furthermore, the immigrant capital model can serve host country entrepreneurs to develop cross-cultural networks and jump-start entrepreneurial activities in their home countries as well as learn how to expand their operations into global markets.

  20. Intellectual capital: Evidence from banking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somayeh Boostani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates different components on intellectual capital including human capital, structural capital and customer capital in banking industry in city of Salmas, Iran. The study uses the questionnaire developed by Bontis (1998 [Bontis, N. (1998. Intellectual capital: an exploratory study that develops measures and models. Management Decision, 36(2, 63-76.] to measure the effects of human capital. The questionnaire consists of 42 questions and all of them are designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas for human capital, structural capital and relationship capital were calculated as 0.79, 0.76 and 0.72, respectively. The implementation of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test has indicated that the data were normally distributed. Using t-student test, the study determined that while management team did not pay enough attention on human capital, there were some statistically significant evidence that social and relationship capitals gained good attention.

  1. Social capital in engineering education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shane

    A theoretical argument is presented to suggest that engineering curriculum be designed to develop social capital. Additionally, the value of social capital in the retention of students in the College of Engineering, and the development, role, and value of social capital in an electrical engineering laboratory is evaluated. Data collected includes participant observations, informal and formal student interviews, and a researcher-designed survey. Social capital consists of interaction among individuals (networks), social rules that encourage interactions such as trust and reciprocity (norms), and the value of these networks and norms to the individual and the group. A large body of evidence suggests that social capital is valuable in terms of retention and multiple measures of academic achievement. The importance of social capital in retention was verified by students that have left engineering and those that remain, in terms of interactions with peers, teaching assistants, and engineering faculty; and a lack of sense of community in freshman engineering courses. Students that have left engineering differed in their perceptions of social capital from those that remain in their frustrations with teaching methods that encourage little discussion or opportunities to ask questions about assumptions or approaches. The open-ended nature of laboratory assignments, extensive required troubleshooting, and lack of specific directions from the teaching assistants were found to encourage the development of social capital in the laboratory setting. Degree centrality, a network measure of social capital as the number of ties an individual has within a social network, was found to be positively correlated with laboratory grade. Student perceptions of the importance of interactions with other students on success in the laboratory setting has a negative model effect on academic achievement in the laboratory. In contrast, student perceptions of the quality of interactions with

  2. Social capital and localised learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark

    2007-01-01

      This conceptual paper analyses why social capital is important for learning and economic development, how it is created and its geography. It argues that with the rise of globalisation and learning-based competition, social capital is becoming valuable because it organises markets, lowering...... business firms' costs of co-ordinating and allowing them flexibly to connect and reconnect. The paper defines social capital as a matrix of various social relations, combined with particular normative and cognitive social institutions that facilitate co-operation and reciprocity, and suggests that social...

  3. Capital-imperialismo e neoliberalismo

    OpenAIRE

    Campagnaro, Yuri Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Resumo: O marxismo interpreta o imperialismo desde Hilferding, com sua análise do capital financeiro em 1910. Lenin sintetizou o primeiro debate, caracterizando o imperialismo como uma nova fase do capitalismo, com monopólios e maior centralização do capital. O debate se estende à década de 1970 com Mandel, que identificou uma alteração na morfologia do capital de então. Os autores contemporâneos debatem o período do capitalismo após os anos 1970, entre eles David Harvey e Virgínia Fontes. Ch...

  4. Emerging Forms of Cultural Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Savage, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This paper takes stock of recent research on patterns of cultural engagement in various European nations, with specific reference to British and Danish research. It argues that Bourdieu's original theorisation of cultural capital in ‘Distinction’ needs to be significantly updated to register the...... decline of ‘highbrow’ culture which these studies reveal. However, we argue that this shift does not entail the erosion of cultural capital itself, or the rise of the ‘cultural omnivore’, so much as the emergence of a form of ‘cosmopolitan cultural capital’. We argue that this emerging cultural capital...

  5. Capitalism, Socialism and Public Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Osvaldo Ravier

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The essay examines Schumpeter’s understanding of the capitalist process and develops a critical analysis of his explanation of why capitalism cannot survive. Part I deals with how Schumpeter understood capitalism. Part II studies why –- from his point of view — capitalism couldn’t survive. Part III analysis why it is actually socialism, as a socio-political alternative, that is impractical and must collapse from contradictions inherent in it. Part IV presents some final reflections, presenting the public choice and the thought of James M. Buchanan, as an alternative to the pessimist Schumpeterian view.

  6. Capital humain, mobilité du capital et commerce international

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre VILLA

    1998-01-01

    The outsourcing of activities have been taking a peculiar shape recently. Human capital has remote control of the factories which are produced according to the local technology, and it defines the home technology in which it commits these factories and is committed itself. We introduce this idea in a hierarchical model of international trade with two countries, three factors and two final goods: the traditional one produced with labour and capital and the modern one produced with a non traded...

  7. Human Capital Investment, Cash Flow Risk and Capital Structure Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xiaolan

    2014-01-01

    My dissertation explores the financial effects of firms' growing reliance on intangible capital in their production technology. I examine the fundamental link between the cash flow risk, financial decision-making and the accumulation of firm-level intangible capital both in theory and in empirics. In Chapter one, I document that public firms in the United States that provide better insurance against productivity shocks to their workers experience higher cash flow volatility. Difference in i...

  8. Conventional capital, criminal capital, and criminal careers in drug trafficking

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Although the criminal career paradigm has explored various crime types, little effort has been conducted to systematically examine the pattern of drug trafficking careers. Ethnographic studies on drug trafficking have proposed that different forms of capital have an impact on the patterns of drug trafficking careers. The effects of conventional and criminal capital, however, have been the subject of much less empirical attention. Drawing from information on the criminal careers of 182 incarce...

  9. Internal capital markets and capital structure: bank versus internal debt.

    OpenAIRE

    Dewaelheyns, Nico; Van Hulle, Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    Recent empirical evidence has shown that internal capital markets within multinational corporations are used to reduce overall financing costs by optimizing the mix of internal and external debt of affiliates in different countries. We show that this cost saving use of internal capital markets is not limited to multinationals, but that domestic business groups actively optimize the internal/external debt mix across their subsidiaries as well. We use both subsidiary and group level financial s...

  10. 75 FR 11375 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for FY 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... NRC published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) on March 25, 2009 (74 FR 12735) to... amount of $7.1 million, based on their percent of the fee recoverable budget authority. This is... Commission has determined (71 FR 30721; May 30, 2006) that the agency should proceed with a presumption...

  11. 78 FR 14879 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... Uranium Fuel Facility...... 2,382,000 2,690,000 UF6 Conversion and Deconversion Facility 1,293,000 1,460... decommissioning, research and test reactors, fuel facilities and most materials' and uranium recovery licensees... AEC published proposed revisions to its license fee schedule (39 FR 39734; November 11, 1974)....

  12. 7 CFR 1.217 - Witness fees and travel expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and travel expenses. 1.217 Section 1.217... Witnesses in Judicial or Administrative Proceedings § 1.217 Witness fees and travel expenses. (a) Any... produce official documents on behalf of the United States is entitled to travel expenses in...

  13. 19 CFR 24.22 - Fees for certain services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... accompanied by information identifying the person or organization remitting the fee, the type of fee being... other bulk carrier” means any vessel, other than a ferry, which is not self-propelled or which..., the term “commercial truck” means any self-propelled vehicle, including an empty vehicle or a...

  14. 77 FR 35355 - User Fee Schedule for Trade Promotion Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... US&FCS to use an activity-based costing model to determine the true cost of services listed in the... Customized Services, the estimated workload hours will vary but the user fee will be calculated based on the... following criteria: (1) The firm's products are eligible for US&FCS fee-based assistance; (2) the firm...

  15. 78 FR 17612 - Health Insurance Providers Fee; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ..., 2013 (78 FR 14034). The proposed regulations provide guidance on the annual fee imposed on covered...-118315-12), that was the subject of FR Doc. 2013-04836, is corrected as follows: Sec. 57.1 On page 14042... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 57 RIN 1545-BL20 Health Insurance Providers Fee; Correction...

  16. 76 FR 18137 - Amendment of the Schedule of Application Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic Filers. Comments may be filed... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Amendment of the Schedule of Application Fees AGENCY: Federal Communications... to clarify the rules on the payment of filing fees by winning bidders in auctions of...

  17. 28 CFR 79.74 - Representatives and attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., as described in paragraph (c) of this section, may receive from a claimant or beneficiary any fee in... beneficiary, may not receive from a claimant or beneficiary any fee for services rendered, including costs... active membership in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state; and (2) A...

  18. 7 CFR 3560.204 - Security deposits and membership fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Security deposits and membership fees. 3560.204 Section 3560.204 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.204 Security deposits and membership fees. (a)...

  19. 77 FR 55420 - Minerals Management: Adjustment of Cost Recovery Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA), 43 U.S.C. 1734. In 2005, the BLM published a final cost recovery rule (70 FR... established by the 2011 (Fiscal Year 2012) cost recovery fee update rule published September 23, 2011 (76 FR... exploration permits. 70 FR 58854-58855. While the $25 fees for geophysical exploration permit applications...

  20. 12 CFR 1780.13 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 1780.13 Section 1780... DEVELOPMENT RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules § 1780.13 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses (other than parties) subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be...

  1. 12 CFR 908.29 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 908.29 Section 908... OPERATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD General Rules § 908.29 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses (other than parties) subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be paid the...

  2. 24 CFR 700.150 - Program participant fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... from CHSP under section 700.125(a). These fees shall be in an amount equal to the cost of providing the... programs acceptable as matching funds under section 700.145(c). (c) Older Americans Act programs. No fee may be charged for any meals or supportive services under CHSP if that service is funded under...

  3. 12 CFR 404.9 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....00. (2) Professional. Hourly rate—$32.00. (3) Computer Searches. Hourly rate—based upon the salary of... packaging and mailing. (i) Minimum fee. Ex-Im Bank shall waive a final fee of $5.00 or less. (j)...

  4. 10 CFR 766.106 - Late payment fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Late payment fees. 766.106 Section 766.106 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY URANIUM ENRICHMENT DECONTAMINATION AND DECOMMISSIONING FUND; PROCEDURES FOR SPECIAL ASSESSMENT OF DOMESTIC UTILITIES Procedures for Special Assessment § 766.106 Late payment fees. In the case of a late payment by a domestic utility...

  5. 31 CFR 270.4 - Fees for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees for services. 270.4 Section 270.4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 270.4 Fees for...

  6. 22 CFR 22.1 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... site (22 CFR 51.56(b)) (not applicable abroad) 60 4. Exemptions: The following applicants are exempted... for A, G, C-3, NATO and diplomatic visas as defined in 22 CFR 41.26 No fee. (b) Applicants for J visas... by an order of Federal court on behalf of an indigent party No fee. (Items nos. 54 through 60...

  7. 7 CFR 27.80 - Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision. 27... Classification and Micronaire § 27.80 Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision. For services rendered by... classification and Micronaire determination results certified on cotton class certificates.) (e) Supervision,...

  8. 10 CFR 1004.9 - Fees for providing records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of fees, the word “pages” refers to paper copies of a standard agency size which will be normally be.... (ii) A requester has previously failed to pay a fee in a timely fashion (i.e., within 30 days of the... pay plus 16 percent) of the employee(s) making the search. (2) Computer searches for records. The...

  9. 18 CFR 388.109 - Fees for record requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... size and complexity of the request. A person can obtain a copy of the schedule of fees in person or by... pay a fee charged in a timely fashion. The Commission will require the requester to pay the full... rate plus 16% for benefits for document search time and for document review time, and 15 cents per...

  10. 41 CFR 105-60.305-10 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee schedule. 105-60.305-10 Section 105-60.305-10 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management..., Orders, Policies, Interpretations, Manuals, and Instructions § 105-60.305-10 Fee schedule. (a) When...

  11. 5 CFR 2604.504 - Miscellaneous fee provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Miscellaneous fee provisions. 2604.504 Section 2604.504 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES FREEDOM... estimated fee before the Office begins to process a new request. (3) When the Office requests an...

  12. 78 FR 51728 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... published in the Federal Register on November 24, 1987 (52 FR 45019). HHS/CDC began collecting fees on March... Federal Register on July 17, 1987 (52 FR 27060). The fee schedule was most recently published in the Federal Register on August 21, 2012 (77 FR 50511). The size and cost factors for FY 2014 are presented...

  13. Contingent fees in medical malpractice litigation - a qualitative assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottensmeyer, D J; Smith, H L; Porter, J

    1983-08-01

    The medical profession has experienced high liability insurance premiums accompanied by widespread use of contingent fees in medical malpractice litigation. It is worthwhile, therefore, to assess qualitatively the merits of contingent fees, the evidence suggesting that they are associated with unjustified litigation and their implications for the medical and legal professions. PMID:6636743

  14. 49 CFR 1540.209 - Fees for security threat assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees for security threat assessment. 1540.209...: GENERAL RULES Security Threat Assessments § 1540.209 Fees for security threat assessment. This section describes the payment process for completion of the security threat assessments required under subpart....

  15. 42 CFR 9.5 - Chimpanzee ownership, fees, and studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Chimpanzee ownership, fees, and studies. 9.5... PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY SUPPORTED SANCTUARY SYSTEM § 9.5 Chimpanzee ownership, fees, and studies. (a) Who owns the chimpanzees in the federally supported...

  16. 32 CFR 701.41 - FOIA fee terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... his or her willingness to pay fees as high as those anticipated. Such a notice shall offer a requester... advance his or her willingness to pay fees as high as those anticipated. Such a notice shall offer the... of the employee performing the work (the basic rate of pay for the employee plus 16 percent of...

  17. 44 CFR 354.6 - Billing and payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Billing and payment of fees. 354.6 Section 354.6 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM § 354.6 Billing and payment of fees. (a) Electronic billing and payment....

  18. 78 FR 48136 - Notice of New Recreation Fee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ..., 2013. Tom Torres, Acting Prescott National Forest Supervisor. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Notice of New Recreation Fee AGENCY: Prescott National Forest, Southwestern Region, USDA Forest Service. ACTION: Notice of New Recreation Fee. SUMMARY: The Prescott National Forest is...

  19. 78 FR 53726 - Notice of New Fee Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... National Forest Supervisor. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Notice of New Fee Site AGENCY: Monongahela National Forest, USDA Forest Service. ACTION: Notice of New Fee Site. SUMMARY: The Monongahela National Forest is proposing to charge $10.00 per...

  20. 78 FR 9031 - Notice of Proposed New Fee Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... T Bass, Forest supervisor. BILLING CODE 3410-11-M ... Forest Service Notice of Proposed New Fee Sites AGENCY: Bighorn National Forest, Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Proposed New Fee Sites. SUMMARY: The Bighorn National Forest is proposing to charge...