WorldWideScience

Sample records for capitation fee

  1. Assessing process of care under capitated and fee-for-service Medicare

    OpenAIRE

    Bates, Elizabeth W.; Connors, Kathleen A.

    1987-01-01

    In 1986 more than 770,000 Medicare beneficiaries were enrolled in risk-based health plans that had very little experience in providing medical care to elderly patients. This article addresses one major facet of the National Medicare Competition Evaluation of capitated versus fee-for-service delivery of Medicare benefits, sponsored by the Health Care Financing Administration: the assessment of the quality of the process of care delivered to Medicare enrollees. The rationale, design, and analys...

  2. Abnormal Audit Fees and Audit Opinion–Further Evidence from China’s Capital Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zanchun Xie; Chun Cai; Jianming Ye

    2010-01-01

    The existing literature on audit opinion shopping provides inconsistent evidence on whether such shopping has any association with abnormal audit fees. In this paper, we hypothesize that firms engage in audit opinion shopping and pay an abnormal audit fee only when their degree of accounting quality is low. To examine the issue, we group firms on the basis of their change in return on assets(ROA), and show that abnormal audit fees improve audit opinions only among firms that engage local auditors and have a low degree of ROA, but report a large increase in ROA, especially when the ROA change is the result of abnormal accruals. We find no association between abnormal audit fees and audit opinion improvement for other firms.

  3. The effects of two auditors and non-audit services on audit fees: evidence from a small capital market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Kiertzner, Lars

    2004-01-01

    This paper adds to the scarce evidence on the determinants of audit fees in European countries outside the UK. The paper examines audit fees paid by companies listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 2002, which is the first year in which the disclosure of both audit fees and other fees paid...... to the auditor at the consolidated group level has been required by the Danish Financial Statements Act. Until 1/1-2005, listed companies are required to be audited by two independent auditors. Here, we have especially focused on the effect of this requirement on the pricing of audit fees. Our results indicate...... that having two independent auditors reduces total audit fees (most likely due to competitive pressure), but only for larger companies. We have used the core audit fee determinants model, which is a result of international research, with generic proxy variables for client size, complexity, risk profile...

  4. The effects of two auditors and non-audit services on audit fees: evidence from a small capital market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiertzner, Lars; Thinggaard, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This paper adds to the scarce evidence on the determinants of audit fees in European countries outside the UK. The paper examines audit fees paid by companies listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 2002, which is the first year in which the disclosure of both audit fees and other fees paid...... to the auditor at the consolidated group level has been required by the Danish Financial Statements Act. Until 1/1-2005, listed companies are required to be audited by two independent auditors. Here, we have especially focused on the effect of this requirement on the pricing of audit fees. Our results indicate...... that having two independent auditors reduces total audit fees (most likely due to competitive pressure), but only for larger companies. We have used the core audit fee determinants model, which is a result of international research, with generic proxy variables for client size, complexity, risk profile...

  5. The effects of two auditors and non-audit services on audit fees: evidence from a small capital market

    OpenAIRE

    Thinggaard, Frank; Kiertzner, Lars

    2006-01-01

    This paper adds to the scarce evidence on the determinants of audit fees in European countries outside the UK. The paper examines audit fees paid by companies listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 2002, which is the first year in which the disclosure of both audit fees and other fees paid to the auditor at the consolidated group level has been required by the Danish Financial Statements Act. Until 1/1-2005, listed companies are required to be audited by two independent auditors. Here, we...

  6. Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Coulangeon, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    Empruntée à l’appareil conceptuel de l’économie, la notion de capital désigne en première analyse l’ensemble des ressources dont disposent les individus et les groupes et qui affectent leurs trajectoires, notamment dans les domaines scolaire, professionnel, matrimonial et familial. La sociologie contemporaine se saisit le plus souvent du concept pour en souligner les différentes espèces : capital économique, capital culturel et capital social, principalement. Si le capital économique désigne ...

  7. The Effect of Two Auditors and Non-audit Services on Audit Fees: Evidence from a Small Capital Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Kiertzner, Lars

    2004-01-01

    are complexity of substance and general client risk thus indicating that the typical audit of such a large company to a greater extent is planned considering risk and materiality. In contrast to most prior international research, no general Big Four effect could be established by analyzing Danish data. However......This paper adds to the scarce evidence on the determinants of audit fees in European countries outside the UK. The paper examines audit fees paid by companies listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange in 2002. This is the first year in which the Danish Financial Statements Act has required disclosure...... of both audit fees and other fees paid to the auditor on a consolidated group level. Until 1.1. 2005 special Danish legal provisions require listed companies to be audited by two independent auditors. We have especially focused on the influence of this joint auditor effect on the pricing of audit fees...

  8. 1 CFR 455.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 455.10 Section 455.10 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS) § 455.10 Fees. (a) The... the individual), the Commission will charge a fee of $0.25 per page (maximum per page dimension of...

  9. School Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowie, Alexander

    This paper explains that California school districts are charged with significant and varying responsibilities in both the requirements they must follow to adopt the amounts of Statutory School Fees and/or Alternative School Fees, as well as accounting for and reporting detailedinformation regarding the Reportable Fees they actually collect. The…

  10. 13 CFR 108.330 - Grant issuance fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant issuance fee. 108.330 Section 108.330 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Application and Approval Process for NMVC Company Designation § 108.330 Grant issuance fee. An Applicant must pay to SBA a...

  11. Fee Schedules - General Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A fee schedule is a complete listing of fees used by Medicare to pay doctors or other providers-suppliers. This comprehensive listing of fee maximums is used to...

  12. 77 FR 18704 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 Fees AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Final rule... additional fee for a particular service: Travel expenses in connection with educational activities. DATES... INFORMATION: Background This final rule adjusts Copyright Office's schedule of fees by adding a fee for...

  13. From capital to capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    HOW easy it is for one who lives in Beijing, capital of the country, to have the impression that all things significant happen there! This is to forget how there are now many provincial capitals in China, that are rapidly modernizing. In order to achieve such modernization, these cities, like

  14. EDUCATION FEES

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division wishes to remind members of the personnel that, according to Article R IV 1.13 of the Staff Regulations, the amount of any financial benefit linked to education fees received from a source outside the Organization is deducted from the benefits paid by the Organization. Similarly, housing benefit, allowances or any other contributions towards the cost of accommodation shall also be deducted from the amount paid by CERN. The Human Resources Division also wishes to draw the attention of members of the personnel to the provisions of Article R IV 1.24 (Journey expenses) which state: 'Three times per period of two years the Organization shall reimburse the journey expenses in respect of each child covered by the provisions of Article R A 8.01 a) for the return trip between the duty station of the member of the personnel and the educational establishment.' Members of the personnel are reminded that the ticket or proof of payment of th...

  15. Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Outpatient clinical laboratory services are paid based on a fee schedule in accordance with Section 1833(h) of the Social Security Act. The clinical laboratory fee...

  16. 78 FR 59824 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION 36 CFR Part 1958 RIN 3095-AB81 Fees AGENCY: National Archives and Records...) is changing its records fees regulation to remove the payment policy section, which sets out methods... regulation on fees. The proposed change also includes notice that the methods of payment information...

  17. 78 FR 4784 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... for fees submitted 1-90 days late; and to establish a fingerprinting fee payment process. 77 FR 5178... (Appeal Proceedings Before the Commission), thereby removing former parts 524, 539, and 577. 77 FR 58941... National Indian Gaming Commission 25 CFR Part 514 Fees AGENCY: National Indian Gaming Commission,...

  18. Intellectual Capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Herbert W.; Pierce, Jennifer Burek

    2002-01-01

    This review focuses on intellectual capital and its relationship to information professionals. Discusses asset recognition; national practices and the acceptance of intellectual capital; definitions of intellectual capital; measuring intellectual capital, including multiple and single variable measures; managing intellectual capital; and knowledge…

  19. A practical tool for modeling biospecimen user fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matzke, Lise; Dee, Simon; Bartlett, John; Damaraju, Sambasivarao; Graham, Kathryn; Johnston, Randal; Mes-Masson, Anne-Marie; Murphy, Leigh; Shepherd, Lois; Schacter, Brent; Watson, Peter H

    2014-08-01

    The question of how best to attribute the unit costs of the annotated biospecimen product that is provided to a research user is a common issue for many biobanks. Some of the factors influencing user fees are capital and operating costs, internal and external demand and market competition, and moral standards that dictate that fees must have an ethical basis. It is therefore important to establish a transparent and accurate costing tool that can be utilized by biobanks and aid them in establishing biospecimen user fees. To address this issue, we built a biospecimen user fee calculator tool, accessible online at www.biobanking.org . The tool was built to allow input of: i) annual operating and capital costs; ii) costs categorized by the major core biobanking operations; iii) specimen products requested by a biobank user; and iv) services provided by the biobank beyond core operations (e.g., histology, tissue micro-array); as well as v) several user defined variables to allow the calculator to be adapted to different biobank operational designs. To establish default values for variables within the calculator, we first surveyed the members of the Canadian Tumour Repository Network (CTRNet) management committee. We then enrolled four different participants from CTRNet biobanks to test the hypothesis that the calculator tool could change approaches to user fees. Participants were first asked to estimate user fee pricing for three hypothetical user scenarios based on their biobanking experience (estimated pricing) and then to calculate fees for the same scenarios using the calculator tool (calculated pricing). Results demonstrated significant variation in estimated pricing that was reduced by calculated pricing, and that higher user fees are consistently derived when using the calculator. We conclude that adoption of this online calculator for user fee determination is an important first step towards harmonization and realistic user fees.

  20. Erotic Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Natalie Madeleine; Jensen, Benjamin; Engstrøm, Emma; Maas, Jannik; Majchrzak, Izabela

    2016-01-01

    This project “Erotic Capital” concerns the topic and theory of Erotic Capital, coined by Catherine Hakim. The idea of Erotic Capital derives from Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of Personal Capitals – in this, Erotic Capital is discussed as an additional Personal Capital. In connection to the investigation of the theory Erotic Capital, certain theories of Feminism, Masculinity, Femininity, Gender and Cultural Differences are explored and examined. This is done in order to study how these theories...

  1. 13 CFR 108.1130 - Leverage fees payable by NMVC Company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Company. 108.1130 Section 108.1130 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM SBA Financial Assistance for NMVC Companies (Leverage) General Information About Obtaining Leverage § 108.1130 Leverage fees payable by NMVC Company. There is no fee for...

  2. Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouritsen, Jan; Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2015-01-01

    Intellectual capital (IC) consists of human capital, organizational capital, and relational capital, and their relationships. It has been said to be important to explain the difference between market value and book value of a firm, but measurement of IC is more likely to be important because...

  3. "No Fee" Schools in South Africa. Policy Brief Number 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motala, Shireen; Sayeed, Yusuf

    2009-01-01

    40% of schools in South Africa, namely the poorest two-fifths as determined by poverty indicators, were declared to be no fee schools as of 2007. These schools receive larger state allocations per learner than other schools, as well as a higher allocation for non-personnel, non-capital expenditure. In other schools parents may continue to apply…

  4. 13 CFR 108.2003 - Grant issuance fee for SSBICs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grant issuance fee for SSBICs. 108.2003 Section 108.2003 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NEW MARKETS VENTURE CAPITAL (âNMVCâ) PROGRAM Requirements and Procedures for Operational Assistance Grants to NMVC Companies and SSBICs § 108.2003 Grant issuance...

  5. Displaced Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Valerie A. Ramey; SHAPIRO, MATTHEW D

    1998-01-01

    This paper studies the efficiency with which physical capital can be reallocated across sectors. It presents a model of a firm selling specialized capital in a thin resale market. The model predicts that the selling price depends not only on the sectoral specificity of capital, but also on the thinness of the market and the discount factor of the firm. It then provides empirical evidence on the sectoral mobility of capital based on equipment-level data from aerospace industry auctions. These ...

  6. Capitation: a service by another name.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, O R

    1992-03-01

    Fee for service and capitation systems are usually regarded as different methods of medical remuneration, however, they can be seen to differ mainly in the degree to which they 'bundle' or 'package' medical services. A capitation system for general practice services in Australia could be established by the creation of a Medicare item and benefit for a year's general practice care. This would allow doctors to assess the benefits of capitation without a total and potentially traumatic commitment, and may encourage innovation in the efficient delivery of primary health care. PMID:1605766

  7. Reimbursement of school fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Members of the personnel are reminded that only school fees from educational establishments recognized by local legislation are reimbursed by the Organization. Human Resources Division Tel. 72862/74474

  8. DMEPOS Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The list contains the fee schedule amounts, floors, and ceilings for all procedure codes and payment category, jurisdication, and short description assigned to each...

  9. Physician Fee Schedule Search

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This website is designed to provide information on services covered by the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS). It provides more than 10,000 physician services,...

  10. Measuring Capital

    OpenAIRE

    W. Erwin Diewert

    2003-01-01

    The paper revisits Harper, Berndt and Wood (1989) and calculates Canadian reproducible capital services aggregates under alternative assumptions about the form of depreciation, the opportunity cost of capital and the treatment of capital gains. Five different models of depreciation are considered: (1) one hoss shay; (2) straight line depreciation; (3) declining balance or geometric depreciation; (4) linearly declining efficiency profiles and (5) linearly increasing maintenance profiles. The l...

  11. 10 CFR 9.85 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 9.85 Section 9.85 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PUBLIC RECORDS Privacy Act Regulations Fees § 9.85 Fees. Fees shall not be charged for search or... available for review, although fees may be charged for additional copies. Fees established under 31...

  12. 10 CFR 1707.301 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Information Act fee regulations at 10 CFR part 1703. (c) Witness fees. Fees for attendance by a witness will... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1707.301 Section 1707.301 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR... Schedule of Fees § 1707.301 Fees. (a) Generally. The General Counsel may condition the production...

  13. 24 CFR 320.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 320.17 Section 320.17 Housing... SECURITIES Pass-Through Type Securities § 320.17 Fees. The Association may impose application fees, guaranty fees, securities transfer fees and other fees....

  14. Capital gains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article examines African and Middle East oil and natural gas project financing. Capital markets financing, Ras Laffan's project bonds, capital market issues in Saudi Arabia, the movement toward gas and away from oil, and Islamic opportunities are discussed, African and Middle East oil and gas projects are listed. (UK)

  15. Celebration Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Boykoff, Jules

    2014-01-01

    Capitalism is a nimble shapeshifter. In this talk Jules Boykoff draws from the history of the Olympic Games to offer a theory of “celebration capitalism,” a form of modern-day economics that complements Naomi Klein’s “disaster capitalism” marked by neoliberalism: privatization, deregulation, and free-market rhetoric.

  16. Fee-for-Service Payment – An Evil Practice that Must be Stamped Out?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naoki Ikegami

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Co-opting physicians to regulate Fee-for-Service (FFS payment is more feasible and simpler to administer than capitation, Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRGs and pay-for-performance. The key lies in designing and revising the fee schedule, which not only defines and sets the fee for each item, but also the conditions of billing. Adherence to these regulations must be strictly audited in order to control volume and costs, and to assure quality. The fee schedule requires periodic revisions on an item-by-item basis in order to maintain balance among the providers, to list new drugs, devices and equipment, and to reflect the lower market prices of existing ones. Implementing the fee schedule will facilitate the control of balance billing and extra billing, and the introduction of more sophisticated methods of payment in the future.

  17. CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND VENTURE CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becsky-Nagy Patricia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Venture capital significantly changes the capital structure of the portfolio company at the time of the investment. Venture capitalists contribute to the company’s success through their active involvement in the management and their added value appears in the increase of the value of the equity. At the same time with taking active role in the management, agency problem occurs, that complicates the cooperation and the success of exit. In this article we search the answer for the question whether the preferred equity, that are commonly used in the US for bridging the agency problem, are used and able to help Hungarian venture capitalists to manage agency problems. On the other hand we examined how the venture capital affect capital structure, how the venture capitalists value added appear in the capital structure. During the evaluation of the three case studies, we came to the conclusion, that the venture capital investments have positive effect on the liabilities of the enterprises, as the capital structure indexes show. However, the investors need the ownership, which help them to step up resolutely, when things change for the worse, and companies need the expertise, which the investors bring with their personal assistance. The investor’s new attitude also has positive effect on a mature company, which has an experienced leader, because he can show another aspect, as a person who come from outside. During the examination of the capital structure, we cannot disregard the events of the company’s environment, which have effects on the firm. The investor’s decisions also appear different ways. Because of this, every venture capital investment is different, just as the capital structure of the firms, in which they invest.

  18. Reimbursement of education fees / accommodation fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Your attention is drawn to the 20 km distance limit set in Article R A 8.01 of the Staff Regulations, namely, that only accommodation fees of students attending an educational establishment which is more than 20 km from the place of residence and the duty station of the member of the personnel are reimbursed by the Organization, subject to the percentage rate and maximum amounts set out in this article and in Administrative Circular N° 12. Human Resources Division Tel: 72862 / 74474

  19. Reminder : Reimbursement of education fees / accommodation fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Your attention is drawn to the 20 km distance limit set in Article R A 8.01 of the Staff Regulations, namely, that only accommodation fees of students attending an educational establishment which is more than 20 km from the place of residence and the duty station of the member of the personnel are reimbursed by the Organization, subject to the percentage rate and maximum amounts set out in this article and in Administrative Circular N° 12. Human Resources Division Tel : 72862 / 74474

  20. Understanding Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    du Gay, Paul; Morgan, Glenn

    2013-01-01

    if they are to be sustained. Such logics are stabilized to the degree that they can pass the tests which they set themselves. The chapter shows how the projective city has increasingly failed these tests. It has instead created a privileged group of ‘mobile citizens’ working with mobile, global capital in ways......This chapter places The New Spirit of Capitalism in the context of the development of capitalism over the last twenty years, up to and including the 200-7-8 financial crisis and the ongoing economic crisis which has developed out of this and is now focused on the relationship between state...... expenditures, political legitimacy and financial markets. Boltanski and Chiapello's analysis of the projective city and connexionist logic captures important elements of capitalism in the era of neo-liberalism. However, as their analysis shows, any such logics require ‘spirit’, legitimacy and justification...

  1. Intellectual Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Mardešič, Jakub

    2011-01-01

    The work is focused on intellectual capital and its reporting of intangible assets. First part of the work defines the basic theoretical principles, which are an essential part of the work for understanding the issue. Literature review discusses the various components of intellectual capital and focuses on their function within organizations. Work also discusses various approaches of literature and the authors developing a complex theoretical basis for this issue. The following practical part...

  2. Capitalizing China

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Fan; Randall Morck; Bernard Yeung

    2011-01-01

    Despite a vast accumulation of private capital, China is not embracing capitalism. Deceptively familiar capitalist features disguise the profoundly unfamiliar foundations of "market socialism with Chinese characteristics." The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), by controlling the career advancement of all senior personnel in all regulatory agencies, all state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and virtually all major financial institutions state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and senior Party positions in all ...

  3. Reimbursement of school fees

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    In order to answer regular enquiries on this subject, members of the personnel are reminded that only school fees from educational establishments recognized as such by the competent authorities of the Member State concerned are reimbursed by the Organization. Human Resources Division Tel. 72862/74474

  4. 77 FR 5178 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... submissions; and formalizing the fingerprinting fee system. 76 FR 62684. III. Review of Public Comments In... should utilize to make revisions. 75 FR 70680. On April 4, 2011, after holding eight consultations and... consultation schedule and process for review. 76 FR 18457. Part 514 was included in the first regulatory...

  5. 49 CFR 1552.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Individuals § 1552.5 Fees. (a) Imposition of fees. The following fee is required for TSA to conduct a security...) Remittance of fees. (1) A candidate must remit the fee required under this subpart to TSA, in a form and manner acceptable to TSA, each time the candidate or the flight school is required to submit...

  6. 49 CFR 665.23 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 665.23 Section 665.23 Transportation Other... TRANSPORTATION BUS TESTING Operations § 665.23 Fees. (a) The operator shall charge fees in accordance with a schedule approved by FTA, which shall include prorated fees for partial testing. (b) Fees shall be...

  7. Fees at California's Public Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    Fees at California's public colleges and universities have increased in the past two decades, but are still lower than fees at comparable institutions in other states. Fees for full-time undergraduate students at the University of California were $8,027 in 2008-09 and fees at California State University were $3,849. Fees are likely to rise for the…

  8. 28 CFR 802.22 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 802.22 Section 802.22 Judicial... Privacy Act § 802.22 Fees. The Agency shall charge fees under the Privacy Act for duplication of records only. These fees shall be at the same rate the Agency charges for duplication fees under the Freedom...

  9. 49 CFR 802.15 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 802.15 Section 802.15 Transportation Other... PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Fees § 802.15 Fees. No fees shall be charged for providing the first copy of a record, or any portion thereof, to individuals to whom the record pertains. The fee schedule for...

  10. 24 CFR 2004.29 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... at 24 CFR part 2002. (c) Witness fees. Fees for attendance by a witness will include fees, expenses... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 2004.29 Section 2004.29... § 2004.29 Fees. (a) Generally. The Counsel may condition the production of records or appearance...

  11. 32 CFR 290.8 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY (DCAA) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 290.8 Fees. (a) Fees shall be determined in accordance with the DoD fee schedule, which is detailed in DCAAP 5410.14. Fees... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 290.8 Section 290.8 National...

  12. 21 CFR 1314.42 - Self-certification fee; time and method of fee payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Self-certification fee; time and method of fee... fee; time and method of fee payment. (a) A regulated seller must pay a fee for each self-certification... substances. (c) A regulated seller shall pay the fee at the time of self-certification. (d) Payment shall...

  13. Intelligence Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maid Pajevic

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article presents a new theoretical concept of intelligence capital, with which he explains the multi-meaningful term ‘intelligence’. The author offers a conceptual frame „intelligence capital“ as a generic complex consisting of four interactively linked elements. The contribution of this article is, among other things, an answer to a question: What is an applicative value of intelligence capital as a new theoretical concept for the sys­tem of security and intelligence of BiH? Historical context implies greater responsibility of OSA BiH in realising its preventive function of protecting security of BiH and its citizens. Theoretical frame of the intelligence capital implies that the system of security and intelligence of BiH should be able to respond to strategic questions: to know-what, to know – why, to know – how, to know – who.

  14. Intelligence Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Maid Pajevic

    2011-01-01

    The author of this article presents a new theoretical concept of intelligence capital, with which he explains the multi-meaningful term ‘intelligence’. The author offers a conceptual frame „intelligence capital“ as a generic complex consisting of four interactively linked elements. The contribution of this article is, among other things, an answer to a question: What is an applicative value of intelligence capital as a new theoretical concept for the sys­tem of security and intelligence of Bi...

  15. Trinidadian capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin A. Yelvington

    1999-01-01

    [First paragraph] Capitalism: An Ethnographic Approach. DANIEL MILLER. Oxford: Berg, 1997. x + 357 pp. (Cloth £39.00, Paper £17.99) Women, Labour and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago: A History. RHODA E. REDDOCK. London: Zed, 1994. vi + 346 pp. (Cloth £39.95, Paper £15.95) Despite the underdeveloped state of the scholarship on its admittedly short sugar plantation slavery period, we now have a corpus of studies on various aspects of capitalism in Trinidad - from its histor...

  16. [Fee schedules and cost containment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, François R; Perneger, Thomas

    2009-11-11

    Medical fee schedules are controversial. In this paper we examine the reasons that justify the imposition of fee schedules in the presence of a socially financed health insurance system, and examine the ways of constructing a medical fee schedule. The weakness of fee-for-service tariffs is that they do not allow a control of health care costs if the volume of services is unchecked. Current solutions to this problem--audit of doctors' average cost per case, freeze on new medical practices, or the insurers' discretion in choosing the doctors they reimburse--have multiple drawbacks. Alternatives to fee-for-service payment--such as flat fees, or payment based on the quality of medical services--are discussed.

  17. Do the Best Scholars and Economists Attract the Highest Speaking Fees?

    OpenAIRE

    Ho Fai Chan; Frey, Bruno S.; Jana Gallus; Markus Schaffner; Benno Torgler; Stephen Whyte

    2013-01-01

    External prominence (measured by the number of pages indexed on search engines or TED talk invitations) can be capitalized on the speakers' market while research performance (measured by publication and citation indicators) cannot. There is thus a clear distinction between the capitalization of external and internal prominence. Success through authorship of books is also positively correlated with speaking fees, however once we control for external prominence the statistical significance disa...

  18. Allergy Capitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... McAllen, TX The report looks at 3 important factors: Pollen score Allergy medication usage Availability of Board-certified allergists This year’s report named Jackson, Mississippi, as the top Spring Allergy Capital due to its: Higher than average pollen Higher ...

  19. Capital Gains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Robert W.

    2004-01-01

    "Social capital" describes the strength of community as measured by the connections and levels of trust among its members. These connections are both formal and informal and the benefits include better health and better academic achievement. In this article, the author proposes two types of experiments to determine whether the relationship between…

  20. Capital Challenge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China is on its way to establishing its own venture capital industry Venture capitalists will find no safe haven worldwide as the prospects for the majority of economies to pick up remain dim for the next two years. Still, if some of them have the money and

  1. Trinidadian capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin A. Yelvington

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Capitalism: An Ethnographic Approach. DANIEL MILLER. Oxford: Berg, 1997. x + 357 pp. (Cloth £39.00, Paper £17.99 Women, Labour and Politics in Trinidad and Tobago: A History. RHODA E. REDDOCK. London: Zed, 1994. vi + 346 pp. (Cloth £39.95, Paper £15.95 Despite the underdeveloped state of the scholarship on its admittedly short sugar plantation slavery period, we now have a corpus of studies on various aspects of capitalism in Trinidad - from its historical advent (Sebastien 1978 to its twentieth-century manifestation in the petroleum sector (Seers 1964; Sandoval 1983, and from the ethnic structure of labor markets (Camejo 1971; Harewood 1971 and the role of capitalism in racial/ethnic inequality (Henry 1993; Coppin & Olsen 1998 to the way ethnicity affects business, big (Button 1981; Parris 1985; Centre for Ethnic Studies 1993 and small (Ryan & Barclay 1992; Griffith 1997, and the way ethnicity and gender are used in class recruitment (Yelvington 1995. There are also a number of fine working-class histories (e.g., Rennie 1973; Ramdin 1982; Basdeo 1983 and important works on the labor riots and strikes and the nature of the colonial state during the crises of the 1930s (e.g., Thomas 1987; Singh 1994. The two books under review here complement the works mentioned above, and they complement each other as well: Reddock's deals with the way capitalism up to the mid-century was buttressed by colonial politics, and explores how this formation engendered certain kinds of political responses, while Miller approaches capitalism through the assumption that fundamental changes in the post-Oil Boom period (ca. 1973-80 brought about considerable autonomy between production and consumption that can and should now be read through an analysis of the cultural circulation of images and commodities in the society. These books are both noteworthy because they engage in explicit theorizing on what capitalism was and is, and what it did and

  2. Instrumental Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Valerio

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available During the history of human kind, since our first ancestors, tools have represented a mean to reach objectives which might otherwise seemed impossibles. In the called New Economy, where tangibles assets appear to be losing the role as the core element to produce value versus knowledge, tools have kept aside man in his dairy work. In this article, the author's objective is to describe, in a simple manner, the importance of managing the organization's group of tools or instruments (Instrumental Capital. The characteristic conditions of this New Economy, the way Knowledge Management deals with these new conditions and the sub-processes that provide support to the management of Instrumental Capital are described.

  3. Triads of capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    of capital means a coherent stock of capital, including social, cultural and physical capital, which belongs to a local community. The case of civic organization in rural Denmark 1800-1900 shows how the three capitals successively acted as driving forces: physical capital about year 1800, social capital....... The hypothesis is that three forms of capital have the potential to act as driving forces: social capital, cultural capital and physical capital, the latter operationaliz­ed as buildings. A new concept, triad of capital, is introduced to analyze the interrelationship between these three forms of capital. A triad...... about year 1880, and cultural capital about year 1900. In each case, one form of capital changed the two others in a chain reaction process, which ultimately led to a major reorganization of the triads of capital in the local rural communities....

  4. 48 CFR 2452.216-70 - Estimated cost, base fee and award fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Estimated cost, base fee... Provisions and Clauses 2452.216-70 Estimated cost, base fee and award fee. As prescribed in 2416.406(e)(1), insert the following clause in all cost-plus-award-fee contracts: Estimated Cost, Base Fee and Award...

  5. 7 CFR 800.73 - Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Fees § 800.73 Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information. 800.73 Section 800.73 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued)...

  6. 32 CFR 701.45 - Fee assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee assessment. 701.45 Section 701.45 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY UNITED STATES NAVY REGULATIONS AND... DOCUMENTS AFFECTING THE PUBLIC FOIA Fees § 701.45 Fee assessment. (a) Fees may not be used to...

  7. 16 CFR 1025.49 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1025.49 Section 1025.49 Commercial... § 1025.49 Fees. (a) Fees for deponents and witnesses. Any person compelled to appear in person in response to a subpoena or notice of deposition shall be paid the same attendance and mileage fees as...

  8. 31 CFR 16.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 16.25 Section 16.25 Money and... REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and... United States District Court. A check for witness fees and mileage shall accompany the subpoena...

  9. 14 CFR 1212.204 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1212.204 Section 1212.204 Aeronautics... § 1212.204 Fees. (a) Fees will not be charged for: (1) Search for a retrieval of the requesting... is determined to be in the best interest of the Government. (b) Fees for the duplication of...

  10. 22 CFR 1502.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1502.7 Section 1502.7 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1502.7 Fees. (a) When charged. Fees shall be... information primarily benefits the general public. Fees shall also not be charged where they would amount,...

  11. 18 CFR 3b.223 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 3b.223 Section 3b... INFORMATION Rules for Disclosure of Records § 3b.223 Fees. (a) Fees will be charged for the direct cost of... the records. Any person may obtain a copy of the Commission's schedule of fees by telephone, by...

  12. 20 CFR 498.210 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 498.210 Section 498.210 Employees... § 498.210 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness.... A check for witness fees and mileage will accompany the subpoena when served, except that when...

  13. 6 CFR 5.29 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 5.29 Section 5.29 Domestic Security... § 5.29 Fees. (a) Components shall charge fees for duplication of records under the Privacy Act in the same way in which they charge duplication fees under § 5.11. (b) The Department shall not process...

  14. 22 CFR 707.23 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 707.23 Section 707.23 Foreign Relations... INFORMATION IN RECORDS OF THE CORPORATION Notification; Access to Records; Amendment; Fees § 707.23 Fees. The fees to be charged by the Corporation for making copies of any records provided to any individual...

  15. 22 CFR 504.14 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... charged by the BBG in its Freedom of Information Act regulations at 22 CFR Part 503. (c) Witness fees... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 504.14 Section 504.14 Foreign Relations... OFFICIAL INFORMATION IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Schedule of Fees § 504.14 Fees. (a) Generally. The...

  16. 14 CFR 47.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 47.17 Section 47.17 Aeronautics and... General § 47.17 Fees. (a) The fees for applications under this part are as follows: (1) Certificate of... Certificate of Registration 2.00 (b) Each application must be accompanied by the proper fee, that may be...

  17. 25 CFR 307.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 307.6 Section 307.6 Indians INDIAN ARTS AND CRAFTS BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NAVAJO ALL-WOOL WOVEN FABRICS; USE OF GOVERNMENT CERTIFICATE OF GENUINENESS § 307.6 Fees. Each licensee shall pay a registration fee of $2, together with a license fee...

  18. 14 CFR 1264.124 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1264.124 Section 1264.124 Aeronautics... PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.124 Fees. The party requesting a supoena shall pay the cost of the fees and... United States District Court. A check for witness fees and mileage shall accompany the subpoena...

  19. 20 CFR 401.95 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 401.95 Section 401.95 Employees... Privacy Act § 401.95 Fees. (a) Policy. Where applicable, we will charge fees for copying records in accordance with the schedule set forth in this section. We may only charge fees where you request that a...

  20. 10 CFR 1304.107 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1304.107 Section 1304.107 Energy NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1304.107 Fees. A fee will not be charged for searching, reviewing, or making corrections to records. A fee for copying will be assessed at the same rate...

  1. 18 CFR 1301.21 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 1301.21 Section... § 1301.21 Fees. (a) Fees to be charged, if any, to any individual for making copies of his or her record exclude the cost of any search and review of the record. The following fees are applicable: (1)...

  2. 10 CFR 1008.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1008.13 Section 1008.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY... § 1008.13 Fees. (a) The only fees to be charged to or collected from an individual under the provisions of this part are for copying records at the request of the individual. The fee charged shall...

  3. 45 CFR 503.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 503.9 Section 503.9 Public Welfare... Regulations § 503.9 Fees. Fees to be charged, if any, to any individual for making copies of that individual's... or because those services are required by some other law, the question of charging fees for...

  4. 4 CFR 200.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 200.7 Section 200.7 Accounts RECOVERY ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY BOARD PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 200.7 Fees. A fee will not be charged for searching, reviewing, or making corrections to records. A fee for copying will be assessed at the same rate...

  5. 5 CFR 295.301 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... at 5 CFR part 294. (c) Witness fees. Fees for attendance by a witness will include fees, expenses... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 295.301 Section 295.301... RELATING TO OFFICIAL INFORMATION AND PRODUCTION OF OFFICIAL RECORDS IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS Schedule of...

  6. 40 CFR 1602.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 1602.9 Section 1602.9 Protection... INDIVIDUAL RECORDS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1602.9 Fees. The CSB will charge fees for duplication of records under the Privacy Act in the same way in which it charges duplication fees under the FOIA...

  7. 32 CFR 750.55 - Attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attorney's fees. 750.55 Section 750.55 National... Military Claims Act § 750.55 Attorney's fees. Attorney's fees not in excess of 20 percent of any settlement may be allowed. Attorney's fees so determined are to be paid out of the amount awarded and not...

  8. 36 CFR 1002.23 - Recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Recreation Area in accordance with 36 CFR part 71. (b) Entering designated entrance fee areas or using... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation fees. 1002.23... RECREATION § 1002.23 Recreation fees. (a) Recreation fees shall be charged in the area administered by...

  9. 28 CFR 802.10 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee schedule. 802.10 Section 802.10... DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Freedom of Information Act § 802.10 Fee schedule. (a) The fees described in this section conform to the Office of Management and Budget Uniform Freedom of Information Act Fee Schedule...

  10. 78 FR 62417 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Part 324 RIN 3064-AD95 Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, Prompt Corrective Action, Standardized Approach for Risk-Weighted... Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy, Transition...

  11. Flexible Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    the perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified......Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how...... flexible commoditization that more commonly is touted as tearing social relations apart. By interrogating a keenly debated contemporary work regime through an approach to sociality rooted in a rich and distinct anthropological legacy, the volume also makes a novel contribution to the anthropological...

  12. Placing social capital

    OpenAIRE

    G Mohan; J Mohan

    2002-01-01

    Metadata only record This paper looks at the relevance and contributions of social capital analysis to human geography and vise versa. The authors start by defining social capital and clarifying and distinguishing concepts, and critiques of Putnam's work. Social capital is simultaneously an economic, sociological, political, and geographical concept, but it must be distinguished from human capital, cultural capital, and networks. Social capital can be relevant to human geographers because ...

  13. 48 CFR 915.404-4-71-6 - Fee base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 915.404-4-71-6 Fee base. (a) The fee base shown... fees on special equipment shall be based on the estimated purchase price of the equipment. (d) The fee... estimate of cost to which a percentage factor is applied to determine maximum fee allowances. The fee...

  14. National accounting and capital

    OpenAIRE

    John M. Hartwick

    2012-01-01

    National Accounting and Capital presents definitive solutions to current problems in national accounting practice. Professor Hartwick deals expertly with problems in accounting natural capital, financial capital and skills capital and communicates his solutions in specially designed national accounting tables or matrices.

  15. 78 FR 71498 - Copyright Office Fees: Cable and Satellite Statement of Account Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... for SA1 and SA2 forms. \\2\\ Copyright Office Fees Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 77 FR 18742 (Mar. 28... administrative overhead, among other things.\\5\\ \\3\\ Copyright Office Fees Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 77 FR... Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 Copyright Office Fees: Cable and Satellite Statement of Account Fees...

  16. The Federal Reserve banks' imputed cost of equity capital

    OpenAIRE

    Green, Edward J.; Lopez, Jose A.; Zhenyu Wang

    2001-01-01

    According to the Monetary Control Act of 1980, the Federal Reserve Banks must establish fees for their priced services to recover all operating costs as well as imputed costs of capital and taxes that would be incurred by a profit-making firm. The calculations required to establish these imputed costs are referred to collectively as the Private Sector Adjustment Factor (PSAF). In this paper, we propose a new approach for calculating the cost of equity capital used in the PSAF. The proposed ap...

  17. DME Prosthetics Orthotics, and Supplies Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics-Orthotics, and Supplies Fee Schedule. The list contains the fee schedule amounts, floors, and ceilings for all procedure...

  18. 40 CFR 71.9 - Permit fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Consumer Price Index. (2) Part 71 permit program costs and fees will be reviewed by the... Administrator, the changes will be published in the Federal Register. (o) Use of revenue. All fees,...

  19. Education fees – New forms

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    The application forms for the payment of education fees have been updated and are now available in the Admin e-guide (under the “Useful Documents” heading):   Payment of education fees (including language course fees) – AC12A (form to be used by staff members recruited before 1 January 2007, with the exception of former “local staff”).   Payment of education fees – AC12B (form to be used by staff members recruited on or after 1 January 2007, by fellows, scientific associates and guest professors and by former “local staff” whose contracts started before 1 January 2007). The Education Fees service will continue to accept the old forms until the end of the current academic year, i.e. until 31 August 2015. Members of the personnel are reminded that any false declaration or failure to declare information with a view to deceiving others or achieving a gain that would result in a financial loss for CERN or...

  20. Capitalism and human flourishing?

    OpenAIRE

    Gasper, D.R.

    2009-01-01

    What interpretation of human flourishing, what ideas of value does capitalism in practice embody and promote? To address this question the paper clarifies first that "capitalism" must be understood as more than merely a system of private property and markets. It contains "the prerogative of capital", in which surplus remains with the owners of capital, and "the perspective of capital", in which hired work is defined as a cost. The question must also be distinguished from more conventional one...

  1. Is Capitalism Ethical?

    OpenAIRE

    Suciu T.

    2009-01-01

    The author of this paper have set off from the question: is the present capitalism ethical? We started with the delimitation and correlation of the concepts of ethics, morals, morality. Further on, we analysed the evolution of capitalism in connection with morals. Based on this research, we came to the conclusion that the capitalist system has undergone through three stages: moral capitalism, amoral capitalism, and immoral capitalism. We concluded by implying that the corporate capitalist soc...

  2. Capitalism and justification

    OpenAIRE

    Birešev Ana

    2009-01-01

    Weber's thesis that the spirit of capitalism was preexistent to the rise of capitalism itself inspired many sociologist to search for the cultural background of contemporary forms of capitalism. In this paper, the author focuses on and makes comparisons of three approaches of such kind. The one approach draws from Luc Boltanski and Ève Chiapello who examine the development of 'new spirit of capitalism' by focusing on the interrelation of two macroactors - capitalism and critique; the other on...

  3. 22 CFR 1101.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... statute (for example, 22 CFR part 1102—Freedom of Information Act.) (d) Remittances shall be in the form... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1101.11 Section 1101.11 Foreign Relations... § 1101.11 Fees. (a) Under the Act, fees can only be charged for the cost of copying records. No fees...

  4. 22 CFR 503.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... school, institution of undergraduate or graduate higher education, or institution of professional or... at all. (2) We will not charge you any fee at all if the costs of routine collection and processing of the fee are likely to equal or exceed the amount of the fee. We have estimated that cost to be...

  5. 49 CFR 701.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... under the FOIA in accordance with this section. A fee of $9.50 per quarter hour shall be charged for... facility. (c) Fee categories. There are four categories of FOIA requesters for fee purposes: “commercial... elementary or secondary school, an institution of undergraduate higher education, an institution of...

  6. 22 CFR 1002.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1002.7 Section 1002.7 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1002.7 Fees. Except as otherwise specifically provided by the Foundation, a fee will be levied for all searches for, or copies of, records. These...

  7. 45 CFR 160.522 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 160.522 Section 160.522 Public Welfare... ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Procedures for Hearings § 160.522 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena must pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable to...

  8. 25 CFR 515.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 515.9 Section 515.9 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 515.9 Fees. The Commission... Commission may charge a fee sufficient to cover the cost of duplication....

  9. 6 CFR 13.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 13.25 Section 13.25 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts...

  10. 49 CFR 250.3 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 250.3 Section 250.3 Transportation Other... TRANSPORTATION GUARANTEE OF CERTIFICATES OF TRUSTEES OF RAILROADS IN REORGANIZATION § 250.3 Fees. On date of... Administrator as a guarantee fee such amount as the Administrator hereafter may determine and prescribe...

  11. 49 CFR 510.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 510.11 Section 510.11 Transportation Other... OF TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION GATHERING POWERS § 510.11 Fees. Any person compelled to appear in... administrative deposition is paid the same attendance and mileage fees as are paid witnesses in the courts of...

  12. 4 CFR 83.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 83.17 Section 83.17 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.17 Fees. (a) Generally, GAO's policy... discretion may charge a fee when the cost for copying the record (at a rate of 20 cents per page) would be...

  13. 22 CFR 521.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 521.25 Section 521.25 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fee and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts...

  14. 42 CFR 4.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 4.7 Section 4.7 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE § 4.7 Fees. The Director may charge reasonable fees for any service provided by the Library under this...

  15. 22 CFR 505.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 505.11 Section 505.11 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS PRIVACY ACT REGULATION § 505.11 Fees. (a) The first copy of any Agency record about you will be provided free of charge. A fee of $0.15 per page will be charged for any...

  16. 18 CFR 806.35 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 806.35 Section... APPROVAL OF PROJECTS Terms and Conditions of Approval § 806.35 Fees. Project sponsors shall have an affirmative duty to pay such fees as established by the Commission....

  17. 18 CFR 401.110 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 401.110 Section... MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Public Access to Records and Information § 401.110 Fees. (a) Unless waived in accordance with the provisions of § 401.111, the following fees shall be imposed...

  18. 48 CFR 950.7009 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 950.7009 Section 950.7009 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Nuclear Indemnification of DOE Contractors 950.7009 Fees. No fee...

  19. 22 CFR 1411.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1411.10 Section 1411.10 Foreign Relations... AVAILABILITY OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION § 1411.10 Fees. Persons requesting records from the Board, the General Counsel or the Panel shall be subject to a charge of fees for the direct cost of document search...

  20. 32 CFR 725.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... official DON information or testimony under this instruction. Pursuant to 32 CFR 288.4, 288.10, these fees... or reduction of fees. The determining authority may waive or reduce fees pursuant to 32 CFR 288.4... receipts. Rates for uniformed personnel are published in NAVCOMPT Notice 7041 series. 15 Pursuant to 32...

  1. 42 CFR 1005.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1005.10 Section 1005.10 Public Health OFFICE... EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.10 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena will pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable to...

  2. 31 CFR 10.27 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 10.27 Section 10.27 Money and... Duties and Restrictions Relating to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service § 10.27 Fees. (a) In general. A practitioner may not charge an unconscionable fee in connection with any matter before...

  3. 76 FR 53636 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees ] charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the Registry as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007. DATES:...

  4. 22 CFR 303.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 303.13 Section 303.13 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 303.13 Fees... business, such as informational or recruiting brochures, no fees will be charged. (b) For each a...

  5. 49 CFR 511.49 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 511.49 Section 511.49 Transportation Other... OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Hearings § 511.49 Fees. (a) Witnesses. Any person compelled... the same attendance and mileage fees as are paid witnesses in the courts of the United States,...

  6. 10 CFR 13.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 13.25 Section 13.25 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable to a witness in...

  7. 34 CFR 33.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 33.25 Section 33.25 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 33.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would...

  8. 24 CFR 330.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 330.25 Section 330.25 Housing... SECURITIES § 330.25 Fees. The Association, in its discretion, through publication in the Multiclass Guide or on the GNMA electronic bulletin board, may impose fees for application, guaranty, transfer,...

  9. 42 CFR 3.522 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 3.522 Section 3.522 Public Health PUBLIC... AND PATIENT SAFETY WORK PRODUCT Enforcement Program § 3.522 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena must pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable...

  10. 41 CFR 51-3.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fees. 51-3.5 Section 51-3... FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 3-CENTRAL NONPROFIT AGENCIES § 51-3.5 Fees. A central nonprofit agency may charge fees to nonprofit agencies for facilitating...

  11. 28 CFR 76.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 76.25 Section 76.25 Judicial... POSSESSION OF CERTAIN CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES § 76.25 Fees. Unless otherwise ordered by the Judge, the party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed. Such costs...

  12. 78 FR 53642 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... 3084-AA98 16 CFR Part 310 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Final... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the ``Registry'') as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007....

  13. 22 CFR 308.18 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 308.18 Section 308.18 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 308.18 Fees. No fees shall be charged for search time or for any other time expended by the agency to produce a record. Copies of records may be...

  14. 20 CFR 355.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 355.25 Section 355.25 Employees... UNDER THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 355.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in the amounts that would be payable...

  15. 42 CFR 84.258 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 84.258 Section 84.258 Public Health PUBLIC... RELATED ACTIVITIES APPROVAL OF RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES Special Use Respirators § 84.258 Fees. The following fees shall be charged for the examination, inspection, and testing of complete assemblies...

  16. 45 CFR 79.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 79.25 Section 79.25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in...

  17. 22 CFR 1507.8 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Fees. 1507.8 Section 1507.8 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION § 1507.8 Fees. Fees to be charged... as true copies, attestation under the seal of the Foundation, etc.), the question of charging...

  18. 19 CFR 360.106 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 360.106 Section 360.106 Customs Duties INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE STEEL IMPORT MONITORING AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM § 360.106 Fees. No fees will be charged for obtaining a user identification number, issuing a steel...

  19. 10 CFR 1705.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... will be charged at the same rate established for FOIA requests. See 10 CFR 1703.107. However, the first... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1705.10 Section 1705.10 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD PRIVACY ACT § 1705.10 Fees. A fee will not be charged for search or review...

  20. 34 CFR 5b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 5b.13 Section 5b.13 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 5b.13 Fees. (a) Policy. Where applicable, fees for copying records will be charged in accordance with the schedule set forth in this section....

  1. 77 FR 51697 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the ``Registry'') as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007....

  2. 12 CFR 261a.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 261a.4 Section 261a.4 Banks and Banking... TO PERSONAL INFORMATION UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 General Provisions § 261a.4 Fees. (a) Copies of... Availability of Information, § 261.10 of this part. (b) No fee. Documents may be furnished without charge...

  3. 18 CFR 701.312 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 701.312 Section... Protection of Privacy § 701.312 Fees. (a) The Council will not charge an individual for the costs of making a... disclosing the record to the individual), the Council will charge a maximum fee of $0.25 per page...

  4. 28 CFR 71.25 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 71.25 Section 71.25 Judicial... REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 Implementation for Actions Initiated by the Department of Justice § 71.25 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of any witness subpoenaed in...

  5. 17 CFR 200.310 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 200.310 Section 200.310... Maintained by the Commission § 200.310 Fees. (a) A request by an individual for copies of a record pertaining... the copier and the Commission. (b) Waiver or reduction of fees. Whenever the Privacy Act...

  6. 75 FR 55269 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... that there will be no increase in the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-188, 122 Stat....

  7. 45 CFR 500.3 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 500.3 Section 500.3 Public Welfare..., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RULES OF PRACTICE APPEARANCE AND PRACTICE § 500.3 Fees. (a) The amount of attorney's fees that may be charged in connection with claims falling within the purview of title I of...

  8. 31 CFR 8.39 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 8.39 Section 8.39 Money and... AND FIREARMS Duties and Restrictions Relating to Practice § 8.39 Fees. No attorney, certified public accountant, or enrolled practitioner may charge an unconscionable fee for representing a client in any...

  9. 5 CFR 294.109 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 294.109 Section 294.109... INFORMATION Procedures for Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 294.109 Fees. (a) Applicability of fees. (1) OPM will furnish, without charge, reasonable quantities of material that it...

  10. 21 CFR 1402.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 1402.6 Section 1402.6 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY MANDATORY DECLASSIFICATION REVIEW § 1402.6 Fees. There will normally be no fees charged for the mandatory review of classified material for declassification under...

  11. 13 CFR 107.692 - Examination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... most recent prior examination, you will receive a 15% discount on your base fee; (2) If you were fully... will receive a 10% discount on your base fee; (3) If you are organized as a partnership or limited liability company, you will pay an additional charge equal to 5% of your base fee; (4) If you are a...

  12. 30 CFR 5.30 - Fee calculation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee calculation. 5.30 Section 5.30 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS FEES FOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS § 5.30 Fee calculation....

  13. 5 CFR 185.127 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 185.127 Section 185.127 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.127 Fees. The party requesting a subpoena shall pay the cost of the fees and mileage of...

  14. 47 CFR 1.339 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Witness fees. 1.339 Section 1.339....339 Witness fees. Witnesses who are subpenaed and respond thereto are entitled to the same fees... the party at whose instance the testimony is taken....

  15. 4 CFR 28.26 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... their normal duties caused by their testimony, and shall not receive witness fees. Payment of travel and... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees. 28.26 Section 28.26 Accounts GOVERNMENT... Parties, Practitioners and Witnesses § 28.26 Witness fees. The costs involved in the appearance...

  16. 77 FR 3506 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... Copyright Office Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Notice of Inquiry; Fees. SUMMARY: The U.S. Copyright Office is in the process of reviewing its fees for services and.... ADDRESSES: The Copyright Office strongly prefers that comments be submitted electronically. A comment...

  17. 28 CFR 35.175 - Attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attorney's fees. 35.175 Section 35.175... LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICES Compliance Procedures § 35.175 Attorney's fees. In any action or... allow the prevailing party, other than the United States, a reasonable attorney's fee,...

  18. 22 CFR 908.2 - Attorney fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Attorney fees. 908.2 Section 908.2 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE BOARD REMEDIES § 908.2 Attorney fees. (a) If the Board finds that a... authority to direct the Agency to pay reasonable attorney fees to the same extent and in the same manner...

  19. 32 CFR 750.35 - Attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attorney's fees. 750.35 Section 750.35 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CLAIMS GENERAL CLAIMS REGULATIONS Federal Tort Claims Act § 750.35 Attorney's fees. Attorney's fees are limited to 20 percent of any...

  20. 46 CFR 204.10 - Attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Attorney's fees. 204.10 Section 204.10 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION POLICY, PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE CLAIMS AGAINST THE MARITIME ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT § 204.10 Attorney's fees. Attorney's fees for any claim...

  1. 36 CFR 2.23 - Recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation fees. 2.23 Section... PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.23 Recreation fees. (a) Recreation fees shall be established as... sites, facilities, equipment or services, or participating in group activities, recreation events,...

  2. 36 CFR 261.17 - Recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation fees. 261.17 Section 261.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROHIBITIONS General Prohibitions § 261.17 Recreation fees. Failure to pay any recreation fee is...

  3. 32 CFR 299.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .../output costs. (g) Search costs for audiovisual documentary material shall be computed as for any other... 10-35, Implementation of the Privacy Act of 1974. If fees are assessable, a search cost estimate... that requester's fee status shall be final. (b) Fees shall reflect only direct search, review (in...

  4. 49 CFR 7.43 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 7.43 Section 7.43 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Fees § 7.43 Fee schedule...-Collar Pay Schedule or equivalent grades, as follows: When performed by employees: GS-1 through...

  5. 49 CFR 10.75 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 10.75 Section 10.75 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation MAINTENANCE OF AND ACCESS TO RECORDS PERTAINING TO INDIVIDUALS Fees § 10.75 Fee schedule. (a) Copies of documents by photocopy or similar method: Each page not...

  6. 78 FR 14053 - Vessel Documentation Renewal Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... vessels. This proposed rule would separately list a fee of $26 to cover the current costs of the vessel... fee would more accurately reflect the Coast Guard's current operating and overhead costs associated... proposed fee reflects this cost, and should close the current gap identified in the Biennial Review....

  7. Human Capital a Part of Social Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Inna Fedoryshina

    2014-01-01

    The article considers the content and the structure of human capital. The term “human capital” is viewed as people’s abilities toparticipate in the production process in order to make use of their potential skills. A particular attention is paid to the meaning ofsocial capital and its role in the formation of human capital. It is proven that there is not much research on the connection betweenhuman and social capital. Human development index in Ukraine and 20 leading counties of the global ra...

  8. Capital disadvantage: America's failing capital investment system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, M E

    1992-01-01

    The U.S. system of allocating investment capital is failing, putting American companies at a serious disadvantage and threatening the long-term growth of the nation's economy. The problem, says Michael Porter, goes beyond the usual formulation of the issue: accusations of "short-termism" by U.S. managers, ineffective corporate governance by directors, or a high cost of capital. The problem involves the external capital allocation system by which capital is provided to companies, as well as the system by which companies allocate capital internally. America's system is marked by fluid capital and a financial focus. Other countries--notably Japan and Germany--have systems with dedicated capital and a focus on corporate position. In global competition, where investment increasingly determines a company's capacity to upgrade and innovate, the U.S. system does not measure up. These conclusions come out of a two-year research project sponsored by the Harvard Business School and the Council on Competitiveness. Porter recommends five far-reaching reforms to make the U.S. system superior to Japan's and Germany's: 1. Improve the present macroeconomic environment. 2. Expand true ownership throughout the system so that directors, managers, employees, and even customers and suppliers hold positions as owners. 3. Align the goals of capital providers, corporations, directors, managers, employees, customers, suppliers, and society. 4. Improve the information used in decision making. 5. Foster more productive modes of interaction and influence among capital providers, corporations, and business units. PMID:10121317

  9. Advertising Fee in Business-Format Franchising

    OpenAIRE

    Preyas S. Desai

    1997-01-01

    Most franchisors charge an advertising fee in addition to the better known royalty and franchise fee. We study the role of the advertising fee in improving channel coordination. We begin our analysis with a simple case of one franchisor dealing with two identical franchisees and find that the advertising fee allows the franchisor to commit to a specific level of advertising spending at the time of contract acceptance. We also find that the lump-sum advertising fee is better than the sales-bas...

  10. Taxes, Tuition Fees and Education for Pleasure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Bo; Rose Skaksen, Jan; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj

    2011-01-01

    are unconstrained, the optimal tax/fee system involves regressive income taxes and high tuition fees. A progressive labor income tax system may, on the other hand, be a second-best response to politically constrained, low tuition fees. Finally, the existence of individuals with different abilities will also move......The fact that education provides both a productive and a consumptive (nonproductive) return has important and, in some cases, dramatic implications for optimal taxes and tuition fees. Using a simple model, we show that when the consumption share in education is endogenous and tuition fees...... the optimal income tax system toward progressivity....

  11. The Impact of Audit Fee on Audit Quality in UK

    OpenAIRE

    NI, MENGLU

    2012-01-01

    This thesis investigates the effect of audit fees on audit quality. Audit fees include the normal audit fees and abnormal audit fees. This paper examines how the audit quality proxy by the magnitude of absolute discretionary accruals associated with the abnormal audit fees that we focused on. Through our research, we found that the abnormal audit fees are negatively related to the discretionary accruals. And the sign of the abnormal audit fees will determine the level of audit quality. The AB...

  12. Does Government’s Waiving of Court Fees Interfere in the Judicial Process?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    It isn’t often that officialdom helps fi-nance a businessperson’s court fees in a lawsuit where it is the accused.But that is exactly what happened in Chenghua District Chengdu,capital of Sichuan Province,where the local government recently took the sur-prising action of assisting plaintiff and auto parts manufacturer Gu Kui in fighting a court battle to sue itself.

  13. 77 FR 45385 - Capital Research and Management Company, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ... Wholly Owned Sub-Adviser, who is an affiliated person, as defined in section 2(a)(3) of the Act, of the... Wholly Owned Sub-Advisers (the ``Aggregate Fee Disclosure''). Any Fund that employs an Affiliated Sub... (``Advisers Act''). CRMC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Capital Group Companies, Inc. (``CGC''),...

  14. Measuring Irish capital

    OpenAIRE

    Keeney, Mary J.

    2007-01-01

    Irish National Income and Expenditure Accounts do not contain information on capital stocks or capital services estimation. Estimates of the national capital stock and the depreciation of its fixed assets are basic macroeconomic aggregates and are integral components for many modelling exercises. This paper will present a detailed asset-level analysis of the stocks and depreciation of Irish fixed assets and the capital formation flows used to derive them. It will apply an improved perpetual i...

  15. Welfare Enhancing Capital Imports

    OpenAIRE

    Masao Oda; Koji Shimomura; Ryuhei Wakasugi

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides a model to consider the conditions under which an acceptance of foreign capital is welfare enhancing in a multi-commodity multi-factor framework. Contrary to the pessimistic conventional wisdom of capital imports and welfare, we provide a justification for the acceptance of foreign capital and the diversification of industrial structure in developing countries. A sufficient condition for the acceptance of foreign capital to be welfare enhancing is that all domestic factors...

  16. Four Books on Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Streeck, W.

    2009-01-01

    Christoph Deutschmann Kapitalistische Dynamik: Eine gesellschaftstheoretische Perspektive. Wiesbaden, VS Verlag, 2008 Geoffrey Ingham Capitalism. Oxford, Polity, 2008 John McMurtry The Cancer Stage of Capitalism. London, Pluto, 1999 Frederic L. Pryor The Future of U.S. Capitalism. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002

  17. 36 CFR 327.23 - Recreation use fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recreation use fees. 327.23... § 327.23 Recreation use fees. (a) In accordance with the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965... Engineers collects day use fees, special recreation use fees and/or special permit fees for the use...

  18. 78 FR 33436 - 2013 Final Fee Rate and Fingerprint Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ...Notice is hereby given, pursuant to 25 CFR 514.2, that the National Indian Gaming Commission has adopted its 2013 final annual fee rates of 0.00% for tier 1 and 0.072% (.00072) for tier 2. These rates shall apply to all assessable gross revenues from each gaming operation under the jurisdiction of the Commission. If a tribe has a certificate of self-regulation under 25 CFR part 518, the 2013......

  19. Is Capitalism Ethical?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suciu T.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of this paper have set off from the question: is the present capitalism ethical? We started with the delimitation and correlation of the concepts of ethics, morals, morality. Further on, we analysed the evolution of capitalism in connection with morals. Based on this research, we came to the conclusion that the capitalist system has undergone through three stages: moral capitalism, amoral capitalism, and immoral capitalism. We concluded by implying that the corporate capitalist society is immoral, that it cannot regulate itself and that the government’s assistance is needed to inoculate the ethics.

  20. INTERPRETING OVERALL INEQUALITY IN CHINA: THE ROLES OF PHYSICAL CAPITAL, HUMAN CAPITAL AND SOCIAL CAPITAL

    OpenAIRE

    Yuheng LI; Westlund, Hans

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationship between overall inequality in China and the contributions of physical capital, human capital and social capital. The investment in physical capital tends to enlarge overall inequality while human capital helps to reduce the inequality. Human capital appears to be more influential than physical capital in overall inequality reduction in the research period. Social capital (people's social networks) however, does not seem to exert any impact on overall i...

  1. Determinants of Audit Fees and Non-audit Fees for Listed UK Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yan

    2010-01-01

    This study mainly examines the characteristics of financial distress, earnings management, executive remuneration and low balling simultaneously determine audit and non-audit fees. Single-equation models are utilized in this research for both audit and non-audit fee models by using a sample of listed UK companies in FTSE for the period 2001-2010. The empirical results reveal that financial distress has negative association with non-audit fees, and cannot fully explain audit fee model; ear...

  2. 49 CFR 1103.20 - Practitioner's fees and related practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... charity case, should fees be entirely contingent upon success. (d) Division of fees. Fees for services... prevent injustice, imposition or fraud. (f) Acquiring interest in litigation. The practitioner shall...

  3. 31 CFR 323.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS § 323.5 Fees. The fees provided in part 1 of title 31 of the CFR (32 FR 9562, July 1, 1967), shall apply to all requests for identifiable records under... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 323.5 Section 323.5 Money...

  4. 45 CFR 705.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 705.10 Section 705.10 Public Welfare... 5 U.S.C. 552a § 705.10 Fees. If an individual requests copies of his or her records the charge shall... individual as a necessary part of the process of disclosing the record to an individual. Fees may be...

  5. 32 CFR 842.114 - Attorney fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attorney fees. 842.114 Section 842.114 National... CLAIMS Claims Under the National Guard Claims Act (32 U.S.C. 715) § 842.114 Attorney fees. In the settlement of any claim pursuant to 32 U.S.C. 715 and this subpart, attorney fees will not exceed 20...

  6. 32 CFR 842.54 - Attorney fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attorney fees. 842.54 Section 842.54 National... CLAIMS Military Claims Act (10 U.S.C. 2733) § 842.54 Attorney fees. In the settlement of any claim pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 2733 and this subpart, attorney fees will not exceed 20 percent of any award...

  7. AUDIT FEE DETERMINANTS IN THE HOSPITAL SECTOR

    OpenAIRE

    Vanderbeke, Dave; Christiaens, Johan; Verbruggen, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Although the number of non-profit audit fee studies recently has risen, evidence in the hospital sector is rather scarce. Apart from NHS studies, hospitals are a fairly new topic and several specific fee determinants are yet to be tested. For instance, hospitals can have a private or a public status and they have a distinct number of clinical services. These and other dependent variables known from earlier research are added to a fee model and investigated. As hypothesized the hospital status...

  8. Determinants of Audit Fee in Chinese Market

    OpenAIRE

    Bai, Luye

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows the determinants of audit fee in audit market of China. People can see a clearly relationship between determinants like auditor size, auditee size, complexity of auditee, profitability of auditee and audit risk and audit fee in Chinese market. Auditee could know how to make an easy work to auditor so that to reduce the fee for audit. Auditor may have a clearly relationship with auditee. They can keep independence into the processing of audit.

  9. Human Capital, Bankruptcy and Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan B. Berk; Richard Stanton; Josef Zechner

    2007-01-01

    We derive a firm's optimal capital structure and managerial compensation contract when employees are averse to bearing their own human capital risk, while equity holders can diversify this risk away. In the presence of corporate taxes, our model delivers optimal debt levels consistent with those observed in practice. It also makes a number of predictions for the cross-sectional distribution of firm leverage. Consistent with existing empirical evidence, it implies persistent idiosyncratic diff...

  10. 40 CFR 304.41 - Administrative fees, expenses, and Arbitrator's fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Arbitrator's fee. 304.41 Section 304.41 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... SUPERFUND COST RECOVERY CLAIMS Other Provisions § 304.41 Administrative fees, expenses, and Arbitrator's fee... ordering copies, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, or unless the Arbitrator assesses such expenses...

  11. 76 FR 36779 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... incorrect and not used in export licensing. The current fee Category 15.I. is renumbered as 15.H. A new... amending the licensing, inspection, and annual fees charged to its applicants and licensees. The amendments... 170: Fees for Facilities, Materials, Import and Export Licenses, and Other Regulatory Services...

  12. 7 CFR 93.14 - Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of other mycotoxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of other mycotoxins. 93.14 Section 93.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture... mycotoxins. (a) The fee charged for any laboratory analysis for aflatoxins and other mycotoxins shall...

  13. THE EFFECT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON SOCIAL CAPITAL AMONG ENTREPRENEURS

    OpenAIRE

    HANNES OTTÓSSON; KIM KLYVER

    2010-01-01

    Using data collected from 714 entrepreneurs in a random sample of 10,000 Danes, this study provides an investigation of the effect of human capital on social capital among entrepreneurs. Previous entrepreneurship research has extensively investigated the separated effect of human capital and social capital on different entrepreneurial outputs. The study takes a step back and investigates how these two capital concepts are related — specifically how human capital influences social capital. In ...

  14. Capital Utilization and Capital Accumulation: Theory and Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Shapiro, Matthew D.

    1986-01-01

    A firm may acquire additional capital input by purchasing new capital or by increasing the utilization of its current capital. The margin between capita accumulation and capital utilization is studied in a model of dynamic factor demand where the firm chooses capital, labor, and their rates of utilization. A direct measure of capital utilization -- the work week of capital -- is incorporated into the theory and estimates. The methodology advocated by Hansen and Singleton (1982) is used to obt...

  15. Human Capital and Retirement

    OpenAIRE

    Alders, P.

    1999-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates the relation between human capital and retirement when the age of retirement is endogenous. This relation is examined in a life-cycle earnings model. An employee works full time until retirement. The worker accumulates human capital by training- on-the-job and by learning-by-doing. The human capital of an employee is subject to depreciation when knowledge of technologies becomes obsolete. After a shock in technology, the worker depreciates on his human capi...

  16. Capital mobility. An overview

    OpenAIRE

    Arndt, H. W.

    2000-01-01

    The article analyses the problem of international capital mobility which the Asian crisis has highlighted. It points out that the problem of capital mobility ("hot money" panics) has a long history, but globalization, the opening up of national economies and technological advance have increased the risks. The article discusses four policy debated which are being pursued in the large Asian crisis literature: (i) the pros and cons of capital controls; (ii) the choice of exchange rate regime; (i...

  17. Human capital and productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Fuente, Ángel de la

    2011-01-01

    This paper surveys the empirical literature on human capital and productivity and summarizes the results of my own work on the subject. On balance, the available evidence suggests that investment in education has a positive, significant and sizable effect on productivity growth. According to my estimates, moreover, the social returns to investment in human capital are higher than those on physical capital in most EU countries and in many regions of Spain.

  18. ACCOUNT INSTRUMENT CAPITAL BORROWED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holt Gheorghe

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Setting up business capital is made from different sources and their use coordinates its policy aims, issues that affect the overall efficiency and thus differentiate companies with the same profile of activity and a similar level of capital advanced in the economic cycle. Thus financial structure, the average cost of capital used in the mechanism how the financial management of the company, of particular importance for this.

  19. KVA: Capital Valuation Adjustment

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew Green; Chris Kenyon

    2014-01-01

    Credit (CVA), Debit (DVA) and Funding Valuation Adjustments (FVA) are now familiar valuation adjustments made to the value of a portfolio of derivatives to account for credit risks and funding costs. However, recent changes in the regulatory regime and the increases in regulatory capital requirements has led many banks to include the cost of capital in derivative pricing. This paper formalises the addition of cost of capital by extending the Burgard-Kjaer (2013) semi-replication approach to C...

  20. Fukuyama on social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignjatović Suzana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to provide a synthesis of Fukuyama's theory of social capital Three different conceptual issues are discussed in the article: definition paradigmatic framework, and methodology. Another aspect of Fukuyama's concept of social capital is discussed from the perspective of Fukuyama's great popularity in public policy since the nineties. The concluding part of the paper deals with Fukuyama's place in academic and policy discourse on social capital.

  1. Handbook of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The Handbook of Social Capital balances the ‘troika' of sociology, political science and economics by offering important contributions to the study of bonding and bridging social capital networks. This inter-disciplinary Handbook intends to serve as a bridge for students and scholars within all...... the social sciences. The contributors explore the different scientific approaches that are all needed if international research is to embrace both the bright and the more shadowy aspects of social capital....

  2. Piketty’s Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Øjvind

    2016-01-01

    Piketty’s Capital in Twenty-First Century has posed a totally new platform for the discussion of the economy and capitalism. Piketty has reinvented the classical political economy founded by Adam Smith in his 1776 Wealth of Nations. Piketty has shown via massive historical research how growth...... and inequality have developed since 1793. Piketty’s conclusion is that the French Revolution did not change the existing inequality either in the medium or in the long term. Piketty’s prediction is that a new form of global capitalism will arise, patrimonial capitalism, in which inequality will develop further...

  3. Social Capital Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2005-01-01

      This report has two purposes: The first purpose is to present our 4-page question­naire, which measures social capital. It is close to the main definitions of social capital and contains the most successful measures from the literature. Also it is easy to apply as discussed. The second purpose...... is to present the social capital database we have collected for 21 countries using the question­naire. We do this by comparing the level of social capital in the countries covered. That is, the report compares the marginals from the 21 surveys....

  4. 45 CFR 1705.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1705.10 Section 1705.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE PRIVACY REGULATIONS § 1705.10 Fees. (a) The Commission will not charge an individual for the costs...

  5. 15 CFR 4.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... school, an institution of undergraduate higher education, an institution of graduate higher education, an... (excluding the cost of the first 2 hours of search and 100 pages). (2) Uniform fee schedule. Service Rate (i... requesters (as provided in paragraph (d)(1) of this section) will be charged no search fee and certain...

  6. 12 CFR 261b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 261b.13 Section 261b.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM RULES REGARDING PUBLIC OBSERVATION OF MEETINGS § 261b.13 Fees. (a) Copies of transcripts, recordings or transcriptions of...

  7. 16 CFR 1014.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1014.10 Section 1014.10 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES IMPLEMENTING THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1014.10 Fees. The Commission shall not charge an individual for the costs of making a search...

  8. 24 CFR 320.33 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 320.33 Section 320.33 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) GOVERNMENT... SECURITIES Bond-Type Securities § 320.33 Fees. The Association may impose application and guaranty...

  9. 39 CFR 3003.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 3003.6 Section 3003.6 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PRIVACY ACT RULES § 3003.6 Fees. The first copy of any record furnished under the Privacy Act of 1974 will be provided without charge. Additional copies will be charged at the...

  10. 40 CFR 55.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of 40 CFR part 71. (2) EPA will collect all other fees from OCS sources calculated in accordance with... from OCS sources in accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR part 71. ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 55.10 Section 55.10 Protection...

  11. 41 CFR 51-9.304 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fees. 51-9.304 Section 51-9.304 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts... Access to Records § 51-9.304 Fees....

  12. 40 CFR 1516.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 1516.10 Section 1516.10 Protection of Environment COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY PRIVACY ACT IMPLEMENTATION § 1516.10 Fees. If an individual requests copies of his or her record, he or she shall be charged ten cents per page, excluding...

  13. 44 CFR 72.3 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 72.3 Section 72.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... initial fee, if necessary, will be published as a notice in the Federal Register. (b) For requests...

  14. 12 CFR 950.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to all of its members. (c) Commitment fees. Each Bank may charge a fee for its commitment to fund an... FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK ASSETS AND OFF-BALANCE SHEET ITEMS ADVANCES Advances... prepayment. (3) The board of directors of each Bank, a designated committee thereof, or officers...

  15. 30 CFR 870.12 - Reclamation fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reclamation fee. 870.12 Section 870.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND-FEE COLLECTION AND COAL PRODUCTION REPORTING §...

  16. 13 CFR 102.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... section. Fees must be paid by check or money order made payable to SBA. (b) Definitions and applicable... maintained in electronic form or format. SBA may charge search fees even if they fail to locate records or if... materials, or electronic records (for example, magnetic tape or disk), among others. SBA will charge...

  17. 24 CFR 17.49 - Attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Attorney's fees. 17.49 Section 17... Attorney's fees. No more than 10 per centum of the amount paid in settlement of each individual claim submitted and settled under this subpart shall be paid or delivered to or received by any agent or...

  18. 44 CFR 11.79 - Attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Attorney's fees. 11.79... HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CLAIMS Personnel Claims Regulations § 11.79 Attorney's fees. No more than 10 per... shall be paid or delivered to or received by any agent or attorney on account of services rendered...

  19. Attorney Fees, School Boards, and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

    2010-01-01

    A major expense associated with litigating disputes under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the right of parents who succeed in suits against their school boards to recover attorney fees. Yet until recently, boards were generally unable to recover attorney fees from parents even when they succeeded in demonstrating that…

  20. 29 CFR 15.28 - Attorney fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Attorney fees. 15.28 Section 15.28 Labor Office of the... the Military Personnel and Civilian Employees' Claims Act of 1964 § 15.28 Attorney fees. No more than... subpart shall be paid or delivered to or received by any agent or attorney on account of services...

  1. 22 CFR 1304.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... computer searches. These direct costs shall include the cost of operating the central processing unit for... fee before MCC will begin to process a new request or continue processing a then-pending request from... determines the total fee will exceed $250.00. When payment is required in advance of the processing of...

  2. 5 CFR 1631.14 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 1631.14 Section 1631.14 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS Production or... fee for reproducing copies of records over 81/2 × 14 inches, or whose physical characteristics do...

  3. 76 FR 43819 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... Schedule, 76 FR 28194. In response to the notice, one comment was received regarding excessive fees. The... was published in the Federal Register and went into effect on June 15, 2010, 75 FR 39629. Board Action... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety...

  4. 7 CFR 3011.6 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for a schedule of reasonable standard charges for document search and duplication. See 7 CFR 1.2(b). Fees to be charged are set forth in 7 CFR part 1, subpart A, Appendix A. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 3011.6 Section 3011.6...

  5. 7 CFR 2811.6 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of reasonable standard charges for document search and duplication. See 7 CFR 1.2(b). Fees to be charged are set forth in 7 CFR part 1, subpart A, appendix A. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 2811.6 Section 2811.6...

  6. 77 FR 41258 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule, 77 FR 32433. No comments were received in response to that notice, and the... Schedule Update went into effect on July 29, 2011. 76 FR 43819. Board Action Accordingly, the Board issues... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety...

  7. 75 FR 39629 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ..., 2010 the Board published for comment in the Federal Register its Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule, 75 FR... Federal Register and went into effect on May 1, 2009, 74 FR 20934. Board Action Accordingly, the Board... 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board. ACTION: Establishment...

  8. 45 CFR 5b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... cost to be determined on a case-by-case basis. (3) No charge will be made if the total amount of...) Policy. Where applicable, fees for copying records will be charged in accordance with the schedule set forth in this section. Fees may only be charged where an individual requests that a copy be made of...

  9. The Performance of Intellectual Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murthy, Vijaya; Mouritsen, Jan

    2011-01-01

    between human, organisational, relational and financial capital. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a case study of a firm that invests in intellectual capital in order to develop financial capital. It traces the relationship between intellectual capital elements and financial capital via...

  10. Breckinridge Project, initial effort. Report VIII. Capital cost estimate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1982-01-01

    The major objective of the Initial Effort for the Breckinridge Project is to develop engineering to the point where realistic economics for the construction and operation of the plant can be made. The plant is designed to process 23,000 tons per day of run-of-mine coal to produce a nominal 50,000 barrels per day of liquid products using the H-COAL and standard industry technology. The plant will be located in Breckinridge County, Kentucky. Considerable preliminary engineering has been performed for this estimate. This work uses a single-point design based on the Process Demonstration Unit (PDU) data from run 5, period 29 of the pilot plant. The design basis is discussed in Volume II of this report. Many aspects of plant construction and cost have been considered that were not taken into account in the past studies. Ashland and Bechtel believe the accuracy of the capital estimate to be +19%, -17%. This accuracy is postulated on January 1981 dollars, the as-spent dollar amount naturally depending upon the inflation rate through the construction period. Considerable attention has been devoted to reliability of operation, and redundant equipment has been used where it was deemed necessary to assure reasonable onstream time. This equipment is included in the capital estimate. The capital is summarized by total plant cost on Table 1. The subtotal plant cost, excluding contingency, fee, and adjustment is $2,710,940,000. Adding the contingency, fee and adjustment, the total depreciable cost of the plant is $3,167,430,000. Adding the working capital to the total plant cost results in total capital requirements of $3,258,430,000 as shown on the individual plant cost summary Table 2.

  11. Capital-Skill Complementarity: Does capital disaggregation matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Correa, Juan; Lorca, Miguel; Parro, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    Using Chilean manufacturing plants data, we�find: (1) the elasticity of substitution between capital and skilled labor is lower than the elasticity of substitution between capital and unskilled labor, and (2) the higher the technological component of the capital stock the larger the size of complementarity between capital and skilled labor. Our�findings show that capital, as an aggregate input, may under(over) state the complementarity between labor and the type of capital these workers actua...

  12. Capital Flows to Brazil: The Endogeneity of Capital Controls

    OpenAIRE

    Eliane A. Cardoso; Ilan Goldfajn

    1998-01-01

    This paper creates an index of capital controls to analyze the determinants of capital flows to Brazil, accounting for the endogeneity of capital controls by considering a government that sets controls in response to capital flows. It finds that the government reacts strongly to capital flows by increasing controls on inflows during booms and relaxing them in moments of distress. The paper estimates a vector autoregression with capital flows, controls, and interest differentials. It shows tha...

  13. Linguistic Capital Pays Dividends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linse, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Some 37 million U.S. residents speak Spanish at home and more than 55% of them say they also speak English. That creates what is called linguistic capital. Although linguistic capital is difficult to quantify, it is enormously valuable and is determined by an individual's language competency, and is too frequently wasted instead of being…

  14. The Genesis of Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Xing

    2004-01-01

     This paper aims to offer a framework of interpreting the “evolution” of capitalism that is reaching every corner of the world and has achieved greater legitimacy than at any time in human history. It covers an interdisciplinary discussion on the development of market capitalism that has been cha...

  15. Venture capital and internationalization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schertler, Andrea; Tykvova, Tereza

    2011-01-01

    Cross-border investments represent a substantial share of venture capital activities. We use a comprehensive dataset on investments worldwide to analyze the internationalization of venture capital financing. We postulate that cross-border activity is shaped by macroeconomic factors in the venture ca

  16. Human Capital and Retirement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Alders

    1999-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates the relation between human capital and retirement when the age of retirement is endogenous. This relation is examined in a life-cycle earnings model. An employee works full time until retirement. The worker accumulates human capital by training- on-the-job and by

  17. 78 FR 76973 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ..., and 225 Regulations H, Q, and Y RIN 7100-AD 87 Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, Prompt Corrective Action, Standardized...-Based Capital Rule, and Market Risk Capital Rule AGENCY: Board of Governors of the Federal...

  18. Social Capital in Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Peter Ping; Redding, Gordon

    2014-01-01

    This article provides an overview of social capital in Asia. Social capital is trust and appears in two main forms: relational, based on societal norms, and systemic, based on societal institutions. The relational encourages personalistic transactions; and systemic trust, supports more formal......, and usually larger, transactions backed by law. For economic development, the systemic form becomes crucial but needs to be compatible with relational norms. The dimensions of social capital are often dual in nature. This article employs a theory that accepts this and analyses the phenomena as yin......–yang balancing, seeing trust as a culturally determined enabler of social cooperation. The evolutions of trustworthiness in Japan, China, and the Philippines are analysed. This article contributes to the literature on varieties of capitalism and business systems as well as that on social capital. It raises...

  19. Measuring Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard; Bjørnskov, Christian

    2007-01-01

    How to construct a robust measure of social capital? This paper contains two contributions. The first is an attempt to establish a broad social capital measure based on four indicators, the Freedom House Index, an index of perceived corruption from Transparency International, and scores on civic...... participation and generalized trust. This measure is then applied by comparing the level of social capital in 25 countries from Western and Eastern Europe. Our nine cluster analysis shows that Switzerland has the highest score, followed by the Netherlands and Scandinavia. At the other end of the continuum we...... find post-communist countries and Southern Italy. The findings for this specific sample suggest that institutions matter for social capital and the relationship between decentralization and social capital emerges as a promising line of inquiry. Thus, the highest scoring countries in the sample may...

  20. 78 FR 17102 - Setting and Adjusting Patent Fees; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    .... See Setting and Adjusting Patent Fees, 78 FR 4212 (Jan. 18, 2013) (``Fee Setting final rule''). This...''); Changes to Implement Micro Entity Status for Paying Patent Fees, 77 FR 75019 (Dec. 19, 2012) (``Micro... regulations that were published in the Federal Register on January 18, 2013 (78 FR 4212) (``Fee Setting...

  1. Graduate Fees at California's Public Universities. FS 08-02

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Fees for graduate students at California's public colleges and universities have risen over the last several years, but are still lower than fees at comparable universities in other states. Fees for full-time graduate students at the California State University were $4,163 in 2007-08. This amount consists of $3,414 in systemwide fees plus…

  2. 45 CFR 1627.4 - Membership fees or dues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Membership fees or dues. 1627.4 Section 1627.4... AND MEMBERSHIP FEES OR DUES § 1627.4 Membership fees or dues. (a) LSC funds may not be used to pay membership fees or dues to any private or nonprofit organization, whether on behalf of a recipient or...

  3. 29 CFR 1404.15 - Fees and charges of arbitrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees and charges of arbitrators. 1404.15 Section 1404.15... SERVICES Procedures for Arbitration Services § 1404.15 Fees and charges of arbitrators. (a) Fees to Parties... arbitrator's fees and expenses. Each arbitrator's biographical sketch shall include a statement of the...

  4. 34 CFR 5.61 - Notification of estimated fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification of estimated fees. 5.61 Section 5.61... PURSUANT TO PUB. L. 90-23 (Eff. until 7-14-10) Fees and Charges § 5.61 Notification of estimated fees. If the estimated fees under this section total more than $25, or more than the maximum amount...

  5. 5 CFR 1201.203 - Proceedings for attorney fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proceedings for attorney fees. 1201.203... PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES Attorney Fees (Plus Costs, Expert Witness Fees, and Litigation Expenses, Where Applicable), Consequential Damages, and Compensatory Damages § 1201.203 Proceedings for attorney fees....

  6. 12 CFR 611.1250 - Preliminary exit fee estimate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Preliminary exit fee estimate. 611.1250 Section... System Institution Status § 611.1250 Preliminary exit fee estimate. (a) Preliminary exit fee estimate—terminating association. You must provide a preliminary exit fee estimate to us when you submit the plan...

  7. 36 CFR 71.2 - Types of Federal recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Types of Federal recreation... INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.2 Types of Federal recreation fees. There shall be three types of Federal recreation fees: (a) Entrance fees, charged either on an annual or single-visit basis, for admission to...

  8. Using Impact Fees for Public Schools: The Orange County Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducker, Richard D.

    1994-01-01

    Orange County established a system of impact fees imposed on new housing developments to raise funds to finance new school construction. Reviews the events that led to the adoption of such a fee; analyzes the fee and the methodology for calculating it; and reviews the legal issues which arise when impact fees are used to finance public facilities.…

  9. 76 FR 57681 - Modification of Interlibrary Loan Fee Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ..., microform) and eliminates the current billing surcharge which is instead incorporated into the revised flat fee. The revision brings these fees up to date in order to support the current cost of providing the... current services will continue to be offered under the revised fee schedule. The lower fee for...

  10. 75 FR 6816 - Attorneys' Fees; Fee-Generating Cases; Use of Non-LSC Funds, Transfers of LSC Funds, Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-11

    ... which implemented the statutory attorneys' fees restriction. 45 CFR part 1642; 61 FR 45762 (August 29, 1996); 62 FR 25862 (May 12, 1997). The attorneys' fees regulation restates the basic prohibition on... 45 CFR Parts 1609, 1610, and 1642 Attorneys' Fees; Fee-Generating Cases; Use of Non-LSC...

  11. Capital Humano y Productividad

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel de la Fuente

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo contiene un breve panorama de la literatura empírica sobre capital humano y productividad y resume los resultados de mi propio trabajo sobre el tema. En conjunto, la evidencia disponible sugiere que la inversión en educación tiene un efecto positivo, significativo y cuantitativamente importante sobre el crecimiento de la productividad. De acuerdo con mis estimaciones, además, la rentabilidad social de la inversión en capital humano es mayor que la del capital físico en la mayor p...

  12. Capital Projects Application (CPA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Capital Projects application (CPA) provides users with the ability to maintain project related financial data for Budget Activity (BA) 51, 55, 64, 01, 02, 03, 04....

  13. HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ph. D. Student Ioana - Julieta Josan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Once with the development of the human capital theory, the education received an economic value. Leading theorists and specialists in the field have shown that the remarkable economic effects of the investments in education influence the chances of acquiring a job and earnings, demonstrating how the theory justifies such an investment. At the hand, the allocation of resources in human capital brings performance and benefits to companies investing in their employees. Also, the investment in human capital is strategic for any country that seeks to create a knowledge economy. Considering the above arguments, the aim of this paper is to highlight the characteristics of investment in human capital, the types of investment, the factors of education investment and the entities interested in investing and their benefits.

  14. Cultural Capital Today

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Skjøtt-Larsen, Jakob; Rosenlund, Lennart

    2008-01-01

    of social divisions. This leads to a discussion of four core questions: first, are there signs of a strong individualism and, correspondingly, a weak social structuring of lifestyles? The study does not find support for this view. Second, does classical highbrow culture play a central role as a marker......Based on Danish survey data subjected to correspondence analysis, this article aims at carrying out a critical assessment of Pierre Bourdieu's theory of social differentiation in advanced societies as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. As his theory goes, capital volume (economic + cultural capital......) and capital composition (the relative weight of the two) are the main dimensions of social differentiation, which structure the space of social positions as well as the space of lifestyles. The central discussion of the article concerns the character of cultural capital, and the role it plays in the formation...

  15. Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Blouin, J.; Huizinga, H.P.; Laeven, L.; Nicodeme, G.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin capitalization rules in 54 countries for the period 1982-2004. Using confidential data on the (internal) leverage of foreign affiliates of US multinationals, we find that thin capitalization rules affect multinational firm capital structure in a significant way. Specifically, restri...

  16. Capital mobility, tax competition, and lobbying for redistributive capital taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Lorz, Jens Oliver

    1996-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of international capital mobility on redistributive capital taxation and on lobbying activities by interest groups. It employs a model where different capital endowments lead to a conflict between households concerning their most preferred capital tax rate. Three main results are derived: First, redistributive source based capital taxes or subsidies decline as international tax competition intensifies. Second, lobbying activities of certain interest groups may e...

  17. Religion, Science and Capitalisms

    OpenAIRE

    Rehbein, Boike

    2014-01-01

    This paper enquires into the relation between capitalism, religion and the philosophy of science. We would tend to suppose that there are only superficial and accidental links between them. A closer analysis reveals, however, that the epistemology of contemporary science is still based on a certain interpretation of Christianity and linked to a particular type of capitalism. Science developed after Galileo and Descartes aims at universal truth but was founded on the notion of the Christian ...

  18. Entrepreneurship and heterogeneous capital

    OpenAIRE

    Foss, Nicolai J.; Klein, Peter G.

    2008-01-01

    Entrepreneurship is ultimately about the arrangement of resources into productive activi-ties. Much of the entrepreneurship literature, however, has focused on the demand side of the market. While resource heterogeneity is a feature of many theories of the firm, such theories are not built on a systematic theory of capital. We show how the approach to capital developed by the Austrian school of economics provides a natural bridge between theory of entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm. ...

  19. Empreendedorismo na capital amazonense

    OpenAIRE

    Filho, Aécio Flávio Ferreira da Silva

    2010-01-01

    This research was elaborated to evaluate entrepreneurship in the Capital of the Amazon State, Brazil. Its relevance is due to the non-existent literature in the subject of entrepreneurship, in the Northern Region of Brazil. The available Brazilian literary archive comprehends only the main cities located in the Southern and Northeastern Regions of the country. There is no research in the Northern Region – where the Amazon State and its Capital, Manaus, are found – and thus lies the reason for...

  20. Measuring Natural Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Dariana Tani

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of establishing a system of natural capital accounting. Natural capital is integral to the economy and yet it is routinely taken for granted because the goods and services it provides are generally freely available. The consequence is that without prices, these resources are not being allocated efficiently within the economy and opportunities for significant gains in well-being and the possibility of long-term future growth are being lo...

  1. 76 FR 6702 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... fees for comment on ] August 16, 2010 (75 FR 49932) and requested public comments during a 60-day... ``scam'' against homeowners, robbing them of their equity. Many asserted that the U.S. Department...

  2. 32 CFR 776.24 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: (i) The time and labor required, the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved, and the skill... in a criminal case. (8) A division of fees between covered non-USG attorneys who are not in the...

  3. University fee should not be abolished

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢凯

    2011-01-01

    @@ University Education is a quasi-public good, which guarantees that the university fee possesses the properties of quasi-price mechanism.Equivalently, university fee is a window into the price, with the function of price mechanism, however, as far as some aspects are concerned; university charges system has about flaws and failure to coordinate with the whole market demand.Consequently, in order to improve the efficiency, the universities should make the full use of the lever effect of price mechanism on university fee system.In the condition of market economy, this paper is targeted to explore the possibilities on maintaining university fees safely enough through the investigation on rudimental research of the properties of public goods and the externalities analysis, and signaling and separating equilibrium.

  4. 13 CFR 108.692 - Examination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... receive a 15% discount on your base fee; and (2) If you were fully responsive to the letter of... available all information requested by the examiner for on-site review), you will receive a 10% discount...

  5. 5 CFR 2606.206 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Privacy Act fee charged in a timely fashion (i.e., within 30 days of the date of the billing). In such...-358 et seq.), including the use of consumer reporting agencies, collection agencies, and offset....

  6. 22 CFR 1102.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the central processing unit, input-output devices, and memory capacity of the actual computer... accrual of interest will be stayed upon receipt of the fee, rather than upon its processing by the...

  7. Physician Fee Schedule Carrier Specific Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has condensed all 56 Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) carrier specific pricing files into one zip file. It is...

  8. Private equity and regulatory capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Bongaerts; E. Charlier

    2009-01-01

    Regulatory capital requirements for European banks have been put forward in the Basel II Capital Framework and subsequently in the capital requirements directive (CRD) of the EU. We provide a detailed discussion of the capital requirements for private equity investments under different approaches. F

  9. 40 CFR 180.33 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...' Document Processing Desk at the appropriate address as set forth in 40 CFR 150.17(a) or (b). A fee of $2... appropriate address as set forth in 40 CFR 150.17(a) or (b). A petition will not be accepted for processing... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 180.33 Section 180.33...

  10. Entrepreneurs’ human and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shayegheh Ashourizadeh, Shayegheh; Rezaei, Shahamak; Schøtt, Thomas;

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: It is widely acknowledged that entrepreneurs’ human capital in form of education and social capital in form of networking are mutually beneficial and also that both human and social capital benefit their performance. Here, the hypothesis is that human and social capital, in combination......, provide added value and jointly add a further boost to performance, specifically if the form of exporting. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor provides data on 52,946 entrepreneurs, who reported on exporting and networking for advice. Hierarchical linear modelling shows that human capital promotes social...... capital, that human capital and social capital (specifically networking in the international environment, work-place, professions and market, but not in the private sphere) both benefit export directly and that human capital amplifies the benefit of social capital, especially through international...

  11. Communication Capital Productivity: National Aspect

    OpenAIRE

    Naumik Ekaterina G.

    2012-01-01

    The article offers suggestions for assessing communication capital productivity; the contradictions that affect the value of the communication efficiency of capital (the union of the agents of the market of communication services and products allows them to increase the communication capital productivity and to decrease communication capital productivity of competitors) are formulated; the dependence of productivity on the number of communication capital customers of the communication network...

  12. 77 FR 65199 - Generic Drug User Fee-Backlog Fee Rate for Fiscal Year 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Generic Drug User Fee--Backlog Fee Rate for Fiscal Year 2013 AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA... API drug master files (DMFs) to be made available for reference. GDUFA directs FDA to establish...

  13. 77 FR 35809 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    ... the next biennial review. c. Revises import and export licensing descriptions and correctly places them under 10 CFR part 170. The import and export licensing fee descriptions are updated for 15.F., 15... Commission) is amending the licensing, inspection, and annual fees charged to its applicants and...

  14. 32 CFR 518.20 - Collection of fees and fee rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Audiovisual documentary materials. Search costs are computed as for any other record. Duplication cost is the... the fee will be in excess of $250. (b) Search time-(1) Costs for manual searches. Type Grade Hourly... above 75 Contractor 44 (2) Computer search. Fee assessments for computer search consists of two...

  15. Human Capital and Optimal Positive Taxation of Capital Income

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, B; Bovenberg, A.L.

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cyclemodel of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge-nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not onlylabor income but also capital income is optimal. The positive tax on capital incomeserves to alleviate the distortions of the labor tax on human capital accumulation.The optimal marginal tax rate on capital income is lower than that on labor inco...

  16. On the capitalization and cultivation of social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Bourdieu's (1986) seminal definition of social capital as "the aggregate of the actual or potential resources" is reflected in older definitions, as well as in many current within sociology (e.g. Portes, 2000) and organization (Adler & Kwon, 2002). The definition is interesting, because it directs...... a dual focus on social capital as both immediately and potentially productive resources, i.e. assets that can be immediately capitalized by individuals as well as ‘cultivated' for future use. We argue that to further operationalize this concept we must distinguish between actual/potential social capital......, within a neo-capital framework that unifies the existing ‘plethora' of capitals....

  17. Capital Expert System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowell, Laurie; Gary, Jack; Illingworth, Bill; Sargent, Tom

    1987-05-01

    Gathering information, necessary forms, and financial calculations needed to generate a "capital investment proposal" is an extremely complex and difficult process. The intent of the capital investment proposal is to ensure management that the proposed investment has been thoroughly investigated and will have a positive impact on corporate goals. Meeting this requirement typically takes four or five experts a total of 12 hours to generate a "Capital Package." A Capital Expert System was therefore developed using "Personal Consultant." The completed system is hybrid and as such does not depend solely on rules but incorporates several different software packages that communicate through variables and functions passed from one to another. This paper describes the use of expert system techniques, methodology in building the knowledge base, contexts, LISP functions, data base, and special challenges that had to be overcome to create this system. The Capital Expert System is the successful result of a unique integration of artificial intelligence with business accounting, financial forms generation, and investment proposal expertise.

  18. Organizational networks and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Waldstrøm, Christian

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents a framework for understanding organizational networks and social capital through the lens of “social capital ownership” as well as the private and collective goods provided through this ownership. More specifically, it argues that ownership of social capital in organizations...... is closely connected to four types of social capital – two belonging to the bridging social capital type, and two belonging to the bonding social capital type. The chapter first reviews literature on organizational social capital and then directly focuses on ownership of social capital in organizations......, as well as the derived benefits, or losses. Next, the chapter presents an empirical case apt to illustrate the theoretical findings in part one, namely the nineteenth-century Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement (Svendsen and Svendsen 2004). It is demonstrated how social capital among Danish peasants...

  19. Unsustainable growth, unsustainable capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næss, Petter

    2006-01-01

    problems, but serve to further highlight the difficulties of changing capitalism towards sustainability. In a profit-oriented economy, capital accumulation is a prime driving force, and non-growth for the economy at large tends to result in serious economic and social crises. On the other hand, a de......This article argues that there is a fundamental contradiction between a profit-oriented economic system and long-term environmental sustainability. The 'solutions' that are proposed by mainstream environmental economists as well as their 'ecological economy' colleagues do not solve the central...... according to which the powers and mechanisms of the natural world are considered totally controllable by humans as if they were mere epiphenomena of the human world. On the other hand, the assumptions of certain ecological economists about the possibility of steady-state capitalism disregard the relation...

  20. Bank Capital Management

    OpenAIRE

    Jokipii, T.K.

    2009-01-01

    The work undertaken in this study empirically explores the determinants of regulatory bank capital bu®ers, and how they in°uence bank decisions. Focusing on bank capital management under the Basel I framework, this thesis serves to address some of the con- cerns that have been voiced regarding the implementation of the new regulation (Basel II) and the broader economic e®ects that could result. In particular, the research chapters of this thesis examine the cyclical behavior of European bank ...

  1. Updating cultural capital theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prieur, Annick; Savage, Mike

    2011-01-01

    of ‘‘highbrow’’ culture, cultural oppositions can nonetheless readily be detected. We point to nine oppositions, mostly shared between the nations. Three tensions between (a) participation and non-participation in cultural activities; (b) knowledge and ignorance in cultural issues (such as for music, literature...... than absolute terms, and that a field analytic perspective provides the means of understanding cultural capital as such a relative entity. Second, the move from the empirical observation of oppositions to the conceptualisation of cultural capital also demands that the functioning of features...

  2. Five models of capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Besides analyzing capitalist societies historically and thinking of them in terms of phases or stages, we may compare different models or varieties of capitalism. In this paper I survey the literature on this subject, and distinguish the classification that has a production or business approach from those that use a mainly political criterion. I identify five forms of capitalism: among the rich countries, the liberal democratic or Anglo-Saxon model, the social or European model, and the endogenous social integration or Japanese model; among developing countries, I distinguish the Asian developmental model from the liberal-dependent model that characterizes most other developing countries, including Brazil.

  3. 7 CFR 94.104 - Fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... POULTRY AND EGG PRODUCTS Voluntary Analyses of Egg Products § 94.104 Fees and charges. (a) The fee charged for any single laboratory analysis of voluntary egg product samples shall be obtained from...

  4. Trends in Medicaid physician fees, 1993-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, S; Zuckerman, S

    2000-01-01

    This study uses data on Medicaid physician fees in 1993 and 1998 to document variation in fees across the country, describe changes in these fees, and contrast how they changed relative to those in Medicare. The results show that 1998 Medicaid fees varied widely. Medicaid fees grew 4.6 percent between 1993 and 1998, lagging behind the general rate of inflation. This growth was greater for primary care services than for other services studied. Relative to Medicare physician fees, Medicaid fees fell by 14.3 percent between 1993 and 1998. Medicaid's low fees and slow growth rates suggest that potential access problems among Medicaid enrollees remain a policy issue that should be monitored.

  5. 41 CFR 51-8.12 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rate includes the cost of operating the central processing unit (CPU), and the computer operator's... MATERIALS § 51-8.12 Fee schedule. (a) This schedule sets forth fees to be charged for processing...

  6. Contingent Capital with a Capital-Ratio Trigger

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Glasserman; Behzad Nouri

    2012-01-01

    Contingent capital in the form of debt that converts to equity when a bank faces financial distress has been proposed as a mechanism to enhance financial stability and avoid costly government rescues. Specific proposals vary in their choice of conversion trigger and conversion mechanism. We analyze the case of contingent capital with a capital-ratio trigger and partial and ongoing conversion. The capital ratio we use is based on accounting or book values to approximate the regulatory ratios t...

  7. Informal Fee Elimination and Student Performance: Evidence from The Gambia

    OpenAIRE

    Giordono, Leanne; Pugatch, Todd

    2015-01-01

    Informal school fees – for uniforms, books, and other supplies – are substantial in developing countries, often several times formal tuition. We evaluate a scholarship program that alleviated informal fees for girls in a subset of Gambian secondary schools. The program is unique because it overlapped with a government policy that had already eliminated formal school fees for girls, allowing for a comparison between program recipients and students who paid no tuition fees but were responsible ...

  8. Audit Fee Determinants in different Ownership Structures : The Swedish Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Ask, Joakim; LJ Holm, Mattias

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to test the audit fee determinants for companies listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm Stock Exchange and to examine whether the audit fee determinants diverge for ownership structures. By testing the audit fee determinants in a Swedish setting the study contributes to the research body in two ways; by testing a previously sparsely researched setting and examining the monitoring need for different ownership structures. The results indicate that audit fees are explained to a ...

  9. Human Capital and Optimal Positive Taxation of Capital Income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heteroge- nous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also capital inco

  10. Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blouin, J.; Huizinga, H.P.; Laeven, L.; Nicodeme, G.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin capitalization rules in 54 countries for the period 1982-2004. Using confide

  11. Capital Structure and Assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flor, Christian Riis

    2008-01-01

    post optimally sell the assets or re-optimize the capital structure. Ex ante, more uncertain asset value decreases leverage, but not firm value, and selling the assets becomes less likely. Firms should tend to invest in assets whose value is less correlated to changes in earnings and, in addition...

  12. NANNING China's Green Capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Nanning,the capital city of Guangxi province,is not only the political,economic and cultural center of the province,but also plays an important role in the economic development of southwest China.Nanning's advantageous location makes the city a commercial and communication center,opening China to Southeast Asia.

  13. Is capitalism possible?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaay Fortman, B. de

    1998-01-01

    In the two ages of its existence capitalism has given proof of its reformability. It was, however, anti-capitalist blueprints and ideas that constituted a continuous spiritual driving force towards reform. Today, after the collapse of real existing socialism there is an urgent need for new alternati

  14. Towards Transnational Academic Capitalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauppinen, Ilkka

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to current debates on the relationship between globalisation and higher education. The main argument of the paper is that we are currently witnessing transnationalisation of academic capitalism. This argument is illustrated by examining the collaboration between transnational corporations and research universities, and how…

  15. Risk capital allocation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Smilgins, Aleksandrs

    Risk capital allocation problems have been widely discussed in the academic literature. We consider a company with multiple subunits having individual portfolios. Hence, when portfolios of subunits are merged, a diversification benefit arises: the risk of the company as a whole is smaller than...

  16. Manage "Human Capital" Strategically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odden, Allan

    2011-01-01

    To strategically manage human capital in education means restructuring the entire human resource system so that schools not only recruit and retain smart and capable individuals, but also manage them in ways that support the strategic directions of the organization. These management practices must be aligned with a district's education improvement…

  17. Understanding your capital options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Christopher T

    2012-05-01

    When planning capital expenditures, hospitals and health systems should understand the following financing considerations: Traditional fixed-rate tax-exempt bonds; Variable-rate financing alternatives; Basel III Accord requirements; Direct tax-exempt bank loans; Total return swaps Taxable financings; Interest-rate swaps and collateral requirements

  18. Human Capital and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Jacobs

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of sustainability needs to consider the role of all forms of capital—natural, biological, social, technological, financial, cultural—and the complex ways in which they interact. All forms of capital derive their value, utility and application from human mental awareness, creativity and social innovation. This makes human capital, including social capital, the central determinant of resource productivity and sustainability. Humanity has entered the Anthropocene Epoch in which human changes have become the predominant factor in evolution. Humanity is itself evolving from animal physicality to social vitality to mental individuality. This transition has profound bearing on human productive capabilities, adaptability, creativity and values, the organization of economy, public policy, social awareness and life styles that determine sustainability. This article examines the linkages between population, economic development, employment, education, health, social equity, cultural values, energy intensity and sustainability in the context of evolving human consciousness. It concludes that development of human capital is the critical determinant of long-term sustainability and that efforts to accelerate the evolution of human consciousness and emergence of mentally self-conscious individuals will be the most effective approach for ensuring a sustainable future. Education is the primary lever. Human choice matters.

  19. Revitalizing ecological capital

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swagemakers, P.; Wiskerke, J.S.C.

    2011-01-01

    The modernization of agricultural food production has diminished and is diminishing the sustainable use of the local natural resource base, resulting in the fragmentation of landscapes and the decline of biodiversity. In this paper we analyze the revitalization of ecological capital, which provides

  20. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert; Wengström, Erik Roland

    We show that the standard trust question routinely used in social capital research is importantly related to cooperation behavior and we provide a microfoundation for this relation. We run a large-scale public goods experiment over the internet in Denmark and find that the trust question is a proxy...

  1. Microfoundations of Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöni, Christian; Tyran, Jean-Robert Karl; Wengström, Erik Roland

    2012-01-01

    Research on social capital routinely relies on survey measures of trust which can be collected in large and heterogeneous samples at low cost. We validate such survey measures in an incentivized public good experiment and show that they are importantly related to cooperation behavior in a large...

  2. Planning for Capital Reinvestment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biedenweg, Frederick; Weisburg-Swanson, Lynda; Gardner, Catherine

    1998-01-01

    Describes and evaluates four alternatives for planning and budgeting for capital reinvestment for college and university facilities: physical plant auditing; a depreciation-based approach; percentage of current replacement value; and facility subsystem modeling, or life-cycle modeling. Each has advantages and limitations in budgeting for and…

  3. 77 FR 50511 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... Register on November 24, 1987 (52 FR 45019). HHS/CDC began collecting fees on March 1, 1988. This notice... factors were established in the fee schedule published in the Federal Register on July 17, 1987 (52 FR 27060). The fee schedule was most recently published in the Federal Register on March 2, 2012 (77...

  4. 77 FR 12843 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... the Federal Register on November 24, 1987 (52 FR 45019). CDC began collecting fees on March 1, 1988... proposed fee schedule published in the Federal Register on July 17, 1987 (52 FR 27060). The fee schedule was most recently published in the Federal Register on November 26, 2008 (73 FR 72053). The...

  5. 48 CFR 871.207 - Payment of tuition or fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Payment for tuition or fees must be made in arrears and must be prorated in installments over the school... date on which the refund expires. (c) Proration of charges does not apply to a fee for noncontinuing service, such as a registration fee, etc. (d) The period for which payment of charges may be made is...

  6. School Fees: A Roadblock to Education For All. Education Notes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kattan, Raja Bentaouet; Burnett, Nicholas

    2004-01-01

    There is increasing momentum on the road to Education for All (EFA), but school fees are still a roadblock for too many children. Several African countries have recently abolished school fees outright. The dramatic surge in enrollments that followed is strong evidence that the payment of fees can be a major obstacle to enrollment. This document…

  7. 45 CFR 502.14 - Fees for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... (a) Fee for duplication of records: $0.15 per page. (b) Search and review fees: (1) Searches for..., including time spent in copying any record. (c) Certification and validation fee: $1.00 for each... secondary school, or an institution of undergraduate, graduate, professional or vocational education,...

  8. 75 FR 3987 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees January 20, 2010. AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Final rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with 18 CFR 381.104, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees. This...

  9. 78 FR 2880 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, DOE. ACTION: Final rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with 18 CFR 381.104, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees. This notice...

  10. 76 FR 9641 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees February 14, 2011. AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Energy. ACTION: Final Rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with 18 CFR 381.104, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees....

  11. Tuition Fees and the Demand for University Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neill, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Estimating the effect of tuition fee increases on demand for a university education is complicated by the potential endogeneity of tuition fees. The relative homogeneity of university tuition fees within Canadian provinces and the role of provincial governments in university funding and policies, provides an opportunity to use changes in the…

  12. 77 FR 10650 - Annual Update of Filing Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Part 381 Annual Update of Filing Fees AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, DOE. ACTION: Final rule; annual update of Commission filing fees. SUMMARY: In accordance with its regulations, the Commission issues this update of its filing fees. This notice...

  13. 7 CFR 58.38 - Payment of fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR APPROVED PLANTS AND STANDARDS FOR GRADES OF DAIRY PRODUCTS 1 Regulations Governing the Inspection and Grading Services of Manufactured or Processed Dairy Products Fees and Charges... grader, such fees and charges shall be paid in advance. (b) Fees and charges for any inspection...

  14. 26 CFR 300.3 - Offer to compromise fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... taxpayer if the offer is accepted, rejected, withdrawn, or returned as nonprocessable after acceptance for... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Offer to compromise fee. 300.3 Section 300.3... ADMINISTRATION USER FEES § 300.3 Offer to compromise fee. (a) Applicability. This section applies to...

  15. 21 CFR 1401.13 - Waiver or reduction of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Waiver or reduction of fees. 1401.13 Section 1401.13 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.13 Waiver or reduction of fees. Fees chargeable in connection with a request may be waived or reduced...

  16. 24 CFR 891.815 - Mixed-finance developer's fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mixed-finance developer's fee. 891...-Profit Limited Partnerships and Mixed-Finance Development for Supportive Housing for the Elderly or Persons with Disabilities § 891.815 Mixed-finance developer's fee. (a) Mixed-finance developer's fee....

  17. 76 FR 55364 - Rules for Patent Maintenance Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Rules for Patent Maintenance Fees ACTION: Proposed collection... or after December 12, 1980. Payment of these maintenance fees is due at 3\\1/2\\, 7\\1/2\\, and 11\\1/2... maintenance fee and any applicable surcharge within a grace period of six months following each of the...

  18. 78 FR 14960 - Notice of New Fee Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... Elam, Acting Forest Supervisor, Kaibab National Forest. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Notice of New Fee Site AGENCY: Kaibab National Forest, USDA Forest Service, Arizona. ACTION: Notice of New Fee Sites. SUMMARY: The Kaibab National Forest is proposing to charge fees for...

  19. 12 CFR 263.14 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 263.14 Section 263... SYSTEM RULES OF PRACTICE FOR HEARINGS Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 263.14 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be paid the same fees for attendance...

  20. 12 CFR 19.14 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 19.14 Section 19.14... PROCEDURE Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 19.14 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be paid the same fees for attendance and mileage as are paid in...

  1. 10 CFR 14.3 - Limit on attorney fees; penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Limit on attorney fees; penalty. 14.3 Section 14.3 Energy... attorney fees; penalty. (a) An attorney may not charge or receive fees in excess of: (1) 25 percent of any... (3) 20 percent of any award, compromise, or settlement made under 28 U.S.C. 2672. (b) Any...

  2. 78 FR 67465 - Loan Guaranty: Maximum Allowable Attorney Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... AFFAIRS Loan Guaranty: Maximum Allowable Attorney Fees AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). ACTION... (VA) Home Loan Guaranty program concerning the maximum attorney fees allowable in calculating the... maximum attorney fees will be allowed for all loan terminations completed on or after December 12,...

  3. 45 CFR 1225.11 - Amount of attorney fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amount of attorney fees. 1225.11 Section 1225.11... § 1225.11 Amount of attorney fees. (a) When a decision of the agency provides for an award of attorney's fees or costs, the complainant's attorney shall submit a verified statement of costs and...

  4. 36 CFR 71.9 - Establishment of recreation use fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Establishment of recreation... THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.9 Establishment of recreation use fees. (a) Recreation use fees shall be established by all outdoor recreation administering agencies of the Department of the...

  5. 36 CFR 71.11 - Collection of Federal recreation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... recreation fees. 71.11 Section 71.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RECREATION FEES § 71.11 Collection of Federal recreation fees. The bureaus of the Department of the Interior administering outdoor recreation programs shall provide for the collection...

  6. 78 FR 73820 - Publicly Managed Recreation Opportunities, Recreation Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... Forest Service RIN 0596-AD09 Publicly Managed Recreation Opportunities, Recreation Fees AGENCY: Forest... final directive providing direction on recreation fees in chapter 30 of new Forest Service Handbook (FSH) 2309.13. This chapter enumerates the requirements for recreation fees charged by the Forest...

  7. 50 CFR 600.518 - Fee schedule for foreign fishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule for foreign fishing. 600.518... ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Foreign Fishing § 600.518 Fee schedule for foreign fishing. (a) Permit application fees. Each vessel permit...

  8. 7 CFR 785.5 - Fees for mediation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees for mediation services. 785.5 Section 785.5... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS CERTIFIED STATE MEDIATION PROGRAM § 785.5 Fees for mediation services. A requirement that non-USDA parties who elect to participate in mediation pay a fee for mediation services...

  9. 7 CFR 4290.1130 - Leverage fees payable by RBIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Leverage fees payable by RBIC. 4290.1130 Section 4290...) PROGRAM Financial Assistance for RBICs (Leverage) General Information About Obtaining Leverage § 4290.1130 Leverage fees payable by RBIC. (a) Leverage fee. You must pay the Secretary a non-refundable leverage...

  10. 48 CFR 1819.7208 - Award Fee Pilot Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Award Fee Pilot Program... Pilot Program. (a) Mentors will be eligible to earn a separate award fee associated with the provision... related to the mentor-protégé relationship. (d) The Award Fee Pilot Program is an addition to the...

  11. 24 CFR 214.313 - Housing counseling fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing counseling fees. 214.313... HOUSING COUNSELING PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.313 Housing counseling fees. (a) Participating agencies may charge reasonable and customary fees for housing education and counseling services, as long...

  12. 77 FR 52791 - Regulatory Capital Rules: Regulatory Capital, Implementation of Basel III, Minimum Regulatory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    ... Basel III, Minimum Regulatory Capital Ratios, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, and Prompt... Capital Ratios, Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, and Prompt Corrective Action AGENCIES: Office of..., Capital Adequacy, Transition Provisions, and Prompt Corrective Action'' to facilitate the organization...

  13. How venture capital works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zider, B

    1998-01-01

    The popular mythology surrounding the U.S. venture-capital industry derives from a previous era. Venture capitalists who nurtured the computer industry in its infancy were legendary both for their risk taking and for their hands-on operating experience. But today things are different, and separating the myths from the realities is crucial to understanding this important piece of the U.S. economy. Today's venture capitalists are more like conservative bankers than the risk takers of days past. They have carved out a specialized niche in the capital markets, filling a void that other institutions cannot serve. They are the linch-pins in an efficient system for meeting the needs of institutional investors looking for high returns, of entrepreneurs seeking funding, and of investment bankers looking for companies to sell. Venture capitalists must earn a consistently superior return on investments in inherently risky businesses. The myth is that they do so by investing in good ideas and good plans. In reality, they invest in good industries--that is, industries that are more competitively forgiving than the market as a whole. And they structure their deals in a way that minimizes their risk and maximizes their returns. Although many entrepreneurs expect venture capitalists to provide them with sage guidance as well as capital, that expectation is unrealistic. Given a typical portfolio of ten companies and a 2,000-hour work year, a venture capital partner spends on average less than two hours per week on any given company. In addition to analyzing the current venture-capital system, the author offers practical advice to entrepreneurs thinking about venture funding.

  14. How venture capital works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zider, B

    1998-01-01

    The popular mythology surrounding the U.S. venture-capital industry derives from a previous era. Venture capitalists who nurtured the computer industry in its infancy were legendary both for their risk taking and for their hands-on operating experience. But today things are different, and separating the myths from the realities is crucial to understanding this important piece of the U.S. economy. Today's venture capitalists are more like conservative bankers than the risk takers of days past. They have carved out a specialized niche in the capital markets, filling a void that other institutions cannot serve. They are the linch-pins in an efficient system for meeting the needs of institutional investors looking for high returns, of entrepreneurs seeking funding, and of investment bankers looking for companies to sell. Venture capitalists must earn a consistently superior return on investments in inherently risky businesses. The myth is that they do so by investing in good ideas and good plans. In reality, they invest in good industries--that is, industries that are more competitively forgiving than the market as a whole. And they structure their deals in a way that minimizes their risk and maximizes their returns. Although many entrepreneurs expect venture capitalists to provide them with sage guidance as well as capital, that expectation is unrealistic. Given a typical portfolio of ten companies and a 2,000-hour work year, a venture capital partner spends on average less than two hours per week on any given company. In addition to analyzing the current venture-capital system, the author offers practical advice to entrepreneurs thinking about venture funding. PMID:10187243

  15. Crony Capitalism: Caricature or Category?

    OpenAIRE

    Mazumdar, Surajit

    2008-01-01

    This paper, part of a series on Crony Capitalism and Contemporary India, examines the conceptual meaning of the term crony capitalism, which has acquired considerable popularity since it was used as an explanation for the East Asian crisis. The paper argues that the conception of crony capitalism as a description of a distinct kind of capitalism associated with the State playing a key role in the allocation process suffers from serious deficiencies and therefore does not provide a suitable fr...

  16. Entrepreneurship capital and economic performance

    OpenAIRE

    Audretsch, David B; Keilbach, Max

    2004-01-01

    The neoclassical model of the production function, as applied by Robert Solow to build the neoclassical model of growth, linked labor and capital to output. More recently, Romer and others have expanded the model to include measures of knowledge capital. In this paper we introduce a new factor, entrepreneurship capital, and link it to output in the context of a production function model. This paper explains what is meant by entrepre-neurship capital and why it should influence economic output...

  17. Technology Differences and Capital Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Claro

    2004-01-01

    The one-to-one mapping between cross-country differences in capital returns and the direction of international capital flows is broken in a multisector world where international factor price differences are driven by technology differences. A technology-backward or low-return-to-capital country will face capital inflows or outflows after financial integration depending on whether non-tradable demand is bossted or not

  18. Extended Measures of Capital Transactions

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Selaive; Beatriz Velásquez; José Miguel Villena

    2008-01-01

    In this work, we extend de jure measures of capital account restrictions previously assembled by Miniane (2004) to a set of 181 economies for the period 1996-2005. Additionally, we propose two new measures of capital account restrictions. The first excludes prudential regulation and the second weights the indices by a proxy for the enforcement of capital restrictions. We analyze global tendencies and the process of capital account liberalization in Chile. For the group of economies, we observ...

  19. Risk, capital and financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, Saibal

    2014-01-01

    Employing data on over 100 banks for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries during 1996-2011, we test the relation between risk and capital. The findings indicate that banks generally increase capital in response to an increase in risk, and not vice versa. Second, there is an uneven impact of regulatory pressure and market discipline on banks attitude towards risk and capital. Additionally, Islamic banks increased their capital as compared to conventional banks.

  20. MODELLING SOCIAL CAPITAL AND GROWTH

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan K. Chou

    2002-01-01

    This paper proposes three theoretical growth models incorporating social capital, based on varied expositions on the concept of social capital and the empirical evidence gathered to date. In these models, social capital impacts growth by assisting in the accumulation of human capital, by affecting financial development through its effects on collective trust and social norms, and by facilitating networking between firms that result in the creation and diffusion of business and technological i...

  1. Market Timing and Capital Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey A. Wurgler; Baker, Malcolm P.

    2001-01-01

    It is well known that firms tend to raise equity when their market values are high relative to book and past market values. We document that the resulting effects on capital structure are very persistent. As a consequence, current capital structure is strongly related to past market valuations. The results are difficult to explain within traditional theories of capital structure and suggest that capital structure is the cumulative outcome of past attempts to time the equity market.

  2. Auditing and bank capital regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Edward Simpson Prescott

    2004-01-01

    Auditing is introduced into a model of bank capital regulation. Deterministic and stochastic auditing strategies are studied. Contrary to intuition, auditing of bank risk should be focused on the safest banks because they hold the least amount of capital. Risky banks, which hold more capital, need to be audited less. The importance of auditing by regulators and penalties for non-compliance are discussed in light of the Basel II capital regulation proposals. Emphasis is placed on the importanc...

  3. 76 FR 35351 - Capital Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ... on their capital adequacy and ability to continue to operate and remain credit intermediaries during... monitor and maintain their internal capital adequacy.\\2\\ \\1\\ The proposed amendments to Regulation Y would... capital adequacy that reflect a full understanding of their risks and ensure that they hold...

  4. Intellectual Capital: Comparison and Contrast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Susan R.

    2001-01-01

    Suggests that one of the most important keys for improving individual and organizational performance is in developing and strengthening intellectual capital (IC) and explores the similarities and differences between the concepts of intellectual capital, human capital, and knowledge management. Presents four IC characteristics and addresses the…

  5. Bank capital management : International evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Jonghe, O.G.; Öztekin, Ö.

    2015-01-01

    We examine the dynamic behavior of bank capital using a global sample of 64 countries during the 1994-2010 period. Banks achieve deleveraging through active capital management (equity growth) rather than asset liquidation. In contrast, they achieve leveraging through passive capital management (redu

  6. Working Paper on Social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen Hanan, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This paper outlines the major schools within social capital theory. Contemporary authors such as Coleman, Putnam and Bourdieu are elaborated on. The paper also presents a non-exhaustive review on studies of social capital. Furthermore, a criticial discussion on social capital is reviewed, before...

  7. Thin Capitalization Rules and Entrepreneurial Capital Structure Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Maßbaum

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tax planners often choose debt over equity financing. As this has led to increased corporate debt financing, many countries have introduced thin capitalization rules to secure their tax revenues. In a general capital structure model we analyze if thin capitalization rules affect dividend and financing decisions, and whether they can partially explain why corporations receive both debt and equity capital. We model the Belgian, German and Italian rules as examples. We find that the so-called Miller equilibrium and definite financing effects depend significantly on the underlying tax system. Further, our results are useful for the treasury to decide what thin capitalization type to implement.

  8. 77 FR 24480 - Application for New Awards; Advanced Placement (AP) Test Fee Program-Reopening the AP Test Fee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    .... ACTION: Notice reopening the AP Test Fee fiscal year 2012 competition. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.330B. SUMMARY: On February 15, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR... Application for New Awards; Advanced Placement (AP) Test Fee Program--Reopening the AP Test Fee Fiscal...

  9. Social Capital in Rural Denmark

    OpenAIRE

    Svendsen, G.L.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    What are the roots of social capital and how can it be measured and built? Social capital is considered as a new production factor which must be added to the conventional concepts of human and physical capital. Social capital is productive because it increases the level of trust in a society and allows more transactions to take place without third-party enforcement. Theory and lessons from empirical evidence lead to the general recommendation that any loss in social capital must be deducted f...

  10. Performance systems and social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Grane Mikael Gregaard; Edwards, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    Performance systems and social capital are considered mutually exclusive. Contemporary studies show that social capital is essential in generating performance improvement. This raises an important question: “How do performance systems and social capital correspond?” This study draws on findings...... from a study on implementation of a performance system in Danish construction. The results show causalities between implementing the performance system and the emergence of social capital in construction projects. Results indicate that performance systems and social capital is not mutually exclusive...

  11. Selection of intellectual capital management strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Shcherbachenko Viktoriia Oleksiivna

    2016-01-01

    This article deals with the selection of intellectual capital management strategy. The attention is paid to the structure of intellectual capital, which consists of human capital, customer capital, process capital, intellectual property, intangible assets. The algorithm of selection of intellectual capital management strategy was created by author.

  12. Corporate Governance Quality, Audit Fees and Non-Audit Services Fees

    OpenAIRE

    Zaman, M

    2011-01-01

    This paper extends prior research on the relationship between governance qualityand auditor remuneration.We examine the influence of audit committee effectiveness (ACE), a proxy for governance quality, on audit fees (AF) and non-audit services fees (NASF) using a new composite measure comprising audit committee independence, expertise, diligence and size. We find that after controlling for board of director characteristics, there is a significant positiveassociation between ACE and AF only fo...

  13. Managing the strategic capital cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, K

    1997-12-01

    A healthcare organization's financial strategy should be defined within the context of the capital cycle and provide for the management of three critical components that will ensure the expansion and renewal of capital capacity--the design and implementation of the financial plan, the design and implementation of an appropriate capital structure, and a means to strategically utilize capital and reinvest it in the organization. The capital cycle comprises two parts--strategic planning and implementation, and the development of the support infrastructure that includes financial planning, capital structure, and capital allocation. The financial plan positions an organization within an area of financial equilibrium and defines its organizational capabilities. The financial infrastructure gives integrity and momentum to the capital cycle. Capital structure addresses critical funding and financing questions and is best defined as the combination of debt and equity that funds the strategic plan. In regard to capital allocation, healthcare organizations should follow a corporate "best practices" approach for such areas as financial objectives and policies, project review, and the capital expenditures approval process.

  14. Ensayo sobre el Capital Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Frediani

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available En la teoría económica existen distintas definiciones de capital: capital físico, el capital en recursos naturales, el capital financiero, el capital en infraestructura económica, el capital en infraestructura social y el capital humano. Todos ellos son condiciones necesarias para que un país alcance el desarrollo económico y social y un alto estándar y calidad de vida de sus habitantes, pero no suficientes puesto que hace falta una categoría adicional de capital. En los últimos años ha surgido el análisis de una nueva categoría: el Capital Social. El concepto se ha convertido en uno de los temas más debatidos de las ciencias sociales y políticas. Se refiere a un elemento invisible, etéreo, menos tangible que el capital humano (conocimientos y/o habilidades de los individuos o el capital físico (bienes materiales, pero que resulta decisivo para la actividad productiva, la satisfacción de las necesidades personales y el desarrollo comunitario y de una sociedad toda.

  15. Leveraging organisational cultural capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Scheel

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Organisational culture discourse mandates a linear approach of diagnosis, measurement and gap analysis as standard practice in relation to most culture change initiatives. Therefore, a problem solving framework geared toward “fixing�? and/or realigning an organisation’s culture is usually prescribed. The traditional problem solving model seeks to identify gaps between current and desired organisational cultural states, inhibiting the discovery of an organisation’s unique values and strengths, namely its cultural capital. In pursuit of discovering and leveraging organisational cultural capital, a descriptive case study is used to show how an Appreciative Inquiry process can rejuvenate the spirit of an organisation as a system-wide inquiry mobilises a workforce toward a shared vision.

  16. Capital Requirements and Banks' Leniency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dietrich, J. Kimball; Wihlborg, Clas

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the effect of changes in capital regulation on the strictness(leniency) of loan terms using a simple model of bank capital requirements andasset quality examinations. Banks offer different levels of `leniency' in the senseof willingness to offer automatic extensions of loans...... in the presence of temporarypayment difficulties of borrowers. Banks offering lenient (less strict) loan termsmust have higher initial levels of capital and charge higher loan rates. Whencapital requirements are increased, both strict and lenient banks hold higher levelsof initial capital and they raise loan...... rates. As capital requirements increase thedifference between initial capital levels and between interest rates of strict andlenient banks decrease. Thus, higher capital requirements in recessions tend toreduce the interest rate premium paid for leniency. If a recession is interpreted asan increase...

  17. Entrepreneurial Human Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Iversen, Jens; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Sørensen, Anders

    2009-01-01

    We argue that formal schooling and wage-work experience are complementary types of human capital for entrepreneurs. Strong empirical support is found for this hypothesis as the interaction term between schooling and actual wage-work experience enters positively and significantly in a Mincer equation, whereas the effect of schooling in the absence of wage-work experience is insignificant. These results are extremely robust towards more flexible specifications, including fixed-effects estimatio...

  18. Managers and Market Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Rebecca Henderson; Karthik Ramanna

    2013-01-01

    In a capitalist system based on free markets, do managers have responsibilities to the system itself? If they do, should these responsibilities shape their behavior when they are engaging in the political process in an attempt to structure the institutions of capitalism? The prevailing view-perhaps most eloquently argued by Milton Friedman-is that the first duty of managers is to maximize shareholder value, and thus that they should take every opportunity (within the bounds of the law) to str...

  19. Social capital and education

    OpenAIRE

    Timur Natkhov

    2012-01-01

    Timur Natkhov, Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor in the Subdepartment of Institutional Economics, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation. Email: The paper presents a brief evolution of studies on the relationship between education and social capital in different countries. A distinctive feature of these studies is their interdisciplinary nature, as they combine theories and methods of different social sciences.To ide...

  20. Investments in human capital

    OpenAIRE

    Milost, Franko; Novak, Matic

    2016-01-01

    Investments in human capital (employees) include investments in the direct assurance of working abilities, investments in health and well-being and investments in loyalty to the company. These investments are crucial for the long-term existence and development of a company, but their value is not disclosed on the assets side of the classical balance sheet. The most important argument given by the proponents of this approach is that the economic benefits stemming from such investments are unce...

  1. Capital cost estimate

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    The capital cost estimate for the nuclear process heat source (NPHS) plant was made by: (1) using costs from the current commercial HTGR for electricity production as a base for items that are essentially the same and (2) development of new estimates for modified or new equipment that is specifically for the process heat application. Results are given in tabular form and cover the total investment required for each process temperature studied.

  2. Fee Policies of Higher Education and High School Students'College Choices in China : A Study Focusing on Perceived Fees

    OpenAIRE

    徐, 国興

    2006-01-01

    In China, the higher the fees, the stronger the college-going aspiration of senior high school students. This study demonstrated that this paradox didn't result from the fact that the rate of economic growth and family income increase are higher thanthat of fee rise or student's disability in perception of real fees, but from the fact that the expected return to higher edutcation is extremely higher than perceived fees. The perceived fees, however, gave a substantial amount of effect on senio...

  3. 24 CFR 3500.12 - No fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false No fee. 3500.12 Section 3500.12 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  4. 45 CFR 1701.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1701.4 Section 1701.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE... public interest because furnishing the information can be considered as primarily benefiting the...

  5. 9 CFR 205.205 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 205.205 Section 205.205 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CLEAR TITLE-PROTECTION FOR PURCHASERS OF FARM PRODUCTS...

  6. 41 CFR 105-60.305 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS AND INFORMATIONAL MATERIALS 60.3-Availability of Opinions, Orders, Policies... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 105-60.305 Section 105-60.305 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations...

  7. 10 CFR 1303.108 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Educational institution—A public or private school, an undergraduate, graduate, professional or vocational school, that has a program of scholarly research. For a request to be in this category, a requestor must... requested record, the fee will be $5. If a search and retrieval requires the use of professional...

  8. 31 CFR 25.401 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 25.401 Section 25.401 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PREPAYMENT OF FOREIGN MILITARY SALES LOANS MADE... FINANCING BANK AND GUARANTEED BY THE DEFENSE SECURITY ASSISTANCE AGENCY Form of Private Loan § 25.401...

  9. The free-to-fee transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer, Aske; Boeck, Morten; Hansen, Jakob Vikær;

    2015-01-01

    groups to examine audiences’ attitudes toward paying for online news. The analysis suggests that audiences’ general principles regarding paying for online news influence their willingness to pay more than the size of the subscription fee. Furthermore, the analysis shows that younger audiences...

  10. 12 CFR 34.23 - Prepayment fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... or reduce negative amortization; or (b) Principal payments, in excess of those necessary to retire the outstanding debt over the remaining loan term at the then-current interest rate, that are made in... Adjustable-Rate Mortgages § 34.23 Prepayment fees. A national bank offering or purchasing ARM loans...

  11. 77 FR 15566 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... any private transfer fee covenants. (75 FR 49932). As described in the proposed guidance, private... (76 FR 6702) inviting comments on a proposal that incorporated a number of changes to the substance of... ``hyperbolic discounting.'' See Bar-Gill, Seduction by Plastic, 98 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1373, 1396-99...

  12. Physician Fee Schedule National Payment Amount File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The significant size of the Physician Fee Schedule Payment Amount File-National requires that database programs (e.g., Access, dBase, FoxPro, etc.) be used to read...

  13. User Fees II: The Library Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Marilyn Killebrew

    1979-01-01

    Examines the role of the library in contemporary society and discusses the various options available for their fiscal support in the future. The use of user fees to finance selected services--to expand some and improve others--is advocated only as a supplement to support from general tax revenue. (Author/JVP)

  14. User Fees I: The Economic Argument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Marilyn Killebrew

    1979-01-01

    Reviews current methods of public library financing through governmental support at the local, state, and federal level. The imposition of user fees is proposed as a method of preserving equity; i.e., individuals receiving the benefits would bear the costs. (JVP)

  15. 77 FR 18742 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... has calculated its true costs using a traditional methodology. The cost study uses an activity based..., by regulation, adjust fees for certain, enumerated services based upon a study of costs incurred by... cost of preparing copies of Copyright Office records, based on the cost of providing the service....

  16. 42 CFR 426.445 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Witness fees. 426.445 Section 426.445 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an...

  17. 42 CFR 426.545 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Witness fees. 426.545 Section 426.545 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM REVIEW OF NATIONAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an...

  18. 78 FR 10583 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ..., 119, and 122 based upon a new cost study. 77 FR 72,788 (December 6, 2012). Comments to the proposed... States Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: U.S. Copyright Office, Library of... States Copyright Office is extending the deadline for filing reply comments regarding its notice...

  19. 78 FR 5345 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ..., 119, and 122 based upon a new cost study. 77 FR 72,788 (December 6, 2012). Comments to the proposed... States Copyright Office 37 CFR Parts 201 and 210 Copyright Office Fees AGENCY: U.S. Copyright Office...: The United States Copyright Office is extending the deadline for filing reply comments regarding...

  20. 75 FR 59661 - Update of Overflight Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... proposes to adjust existing Overflight Fees by using current FAA cost accounting data and air traffic activity data. This action is necessary because operational costs for providing air traffic control and... FAA had already begun developing a new Cost Accounting System (CAS) in 1996. Early data from the...

  1. 7 CFR 6.33 - License fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and payable in full by mail or electronic submission, postmarked or electronically submitted in... license issued after May 1 of any quota year is due and payable in full by mail or electronic submission... issuance of the license. Fee payments, if made by mail, shall be made by certified check or money...

  2. 36 CFR 1600.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... central processing unit for that portion of operating time that is directly attributable to searching for... processing requests under the FOIA in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section, except where fees are... includes processing any record for disclosure—for example, doing all that is necessary to redact it...

  3. 6 CFR 5.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... without charge. These direct costs will include the cost of operating a central processing unit for that... Information Act § 5.11 Fees. (a) In general. Components shall charge for processing requests under the FOIA in... includes processing any record for disclosure (for example, doing all that is necessary to redact it...

  4. 38 CFR 1.555 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... restriction, the hourly cost of operating the computer's central processing unit will be combined with the... is permitted to be withheld. It also includes processing any documents for disclosure in response to... VA of billing the requester and processing the fee collected, no charges would be assessed....

  5. 28 CFR 701.18 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... time without charge. These direct costs shall include the cost of operating a central processing unit... and processing requests for records under this part. All fees so assessed shall be charged to the..., the administrative time limits prescribed in subsection (a)(6) of the FOIA for the processing of...

  6. 77 FR 72788 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... SOAs. See 77 FR 18742 (March 28, 2012). Fees were proposed in accordance with the procedure set forth... Suppliers, Joint Sports Claimants, Commercial Television Claimants, Music Claimants, Canadian Claimants... scheme, yet generate revenues considerably lower than the cable systems that file the SA3...

  7. 32 CFR 204.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS USER FEES... demand exists for a good, resource, or service, its market price will be determined using commercial... appropriate that reflect demand, level of service, and quality of the good or service. (ii) In the absence...

  8. fuente de capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Becerra

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El capital intelectual es una concepción novedosa, tipificada como un activo intangible que agrega valor a la empresa; está formado por tres componentes: el capital organizacional, el humano y el relacional. El capital humano está relacionado con el desarrollo y los conocimientos del individuo, que permite diferenciar a un profesional de otro. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la formación del Contador Público egresado de la Universidad de Los Andes (ULA de Trujillo, como fuente de capital humano para su desempeño profesional. Los datos se recolectaron aplicando un cuestionario a una muestra aleatoria de 47 de estos profesionales, empleando para el análisis y presentación de los resultados técnicas estadísticas. La investigación evidencia que la mayoría de los encuestados poseen un nivel de satisfacción de medio a bajo con su formación de pregrado, señalando como principales debilidades del Plan de Estudio las áreas tributaria y cambiaria, el manejo instrumental del inglés y el conocimiento de las normativas que rigen el sistema económico. La formación en algunas de estas áreas la han mejorado a través de otras actividades de capacitación. No obstante reconocen algunas fortalezas tales como: el aprendizaje y dominio de conceptos y Principios Contables de Aceptación General, las matemáticas y estadística, el manejo de la contabilidad computarizada y las habilidades para analizar e interpretar problemas contables. Se concluye que a pesar de las deficiencias, la realización de cursos de actualización, junto con las fortalezas en la formación de la carrera, ha contribuido a que el contador público egresado de la ULA de Trujillo constituya un capital humano con ventaja competitiva.

  9. Do client fees help or hurt?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, B

    1998-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of client fees for family planning (FP) services on cost recovery and level of user services in developing countries. The UN Population Fund reports that developing country governments currently pay 75% of the costs of FP programs. Donors contribute 15%, and clients pay 10%. Current pressures are on FP services to broaden and improve their scope, while user demand is increasing. Program managers should consider the program's need for funds and the clients' willingness to pay. Clients are willing to pay about 1% of their income for contraception. A study of sterilization acceptance in Mexico finds that the average monthly case load declined by 10% after the 1st price increase from $43 to $55 and declined by 58% after the 2nd price increase to $60. Fewer low-income clients requested sterilization. A CEMOPLAF study in Ecuador finds that in three price increase situations the number of clients seeking services declined, but the economic mix of clients remained about the same. The decline was 20% in the group with a 20% price increase and 26% in the 40% increase group. In setting fees, the first need is to determine unit costs. The Futures Group International recommends considering political, regulatory, and institutional constraints for charging fees; priorities for revenue use; protection for poor clients; and monitoring of money collection and expenditure. Management Sciences for Health emphasizes consideration of the reasons for collection of fees, client affordability, and client perception of quality issues. Sliding scales can be used to protect poor clients. Charging fees for laboratory services can subsidize poor clients. A Bangladesh program operated a restaurant and catering service in order to subsidize FP services. Colombia's PROFAMILIA sells medical and surgical services and a social marketing program in order to expand clinics. PMID:12293239

  10. Fees at California's Public Colleges and Universities. Report 09-04

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    Fees at California's public colleges and universities have increased in the past two decades, but are still lower than fees at comparable institutions in other states. Fees for full-time undergraduate students at the University of California (UC) were $8,027 in 2008-09 and fees at California State University (CSU) were $3,849. Fees are likely to…

  11. Capital Income Taxation and Tax Criteria in International Capital Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Hannu Piekkola

    1995-01-01

    The study analyses the capital income taxation of foreign-source income, where residence and source criteria are the two well-known tax criteria. The study presents a globally optimal tax rule which equalizes the shadow price of capital in the countries and which is assumed to be a weighted average of the return on savings and on investment, i.e. depending on the gross rate of return to the extent that capital contributes to the capital used, and on the net interest rate to the extent that ca...

  12. Stranded costs and exit fees

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The New Brunswick Market Design Committee has been directed to examine the issue of stranded costs since it is a major component of restructuring within the electricity sector. When regulated monopolies are faced with competition, they could find that some of their embedded costs cannot be recovered. These costs are referred to as stranded costs. Common sources include large capital investments in uneconomic plants or expensive power purchase contracts or fuel supply contracts. In general, stranded costs do not include gains or losses associated with normal business risks experienced by regulated utilities. This report presents recommendations for mitigation of stranded costs, valuation methodologies and cost-recovery mechanisms. It also presents a summary of experience with stranded costs in other jurisdictions such as California, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania and Ontario. Stranded costs are often recovered through an obligatory charge on all customers, particularly in jurisdictions where retail competition exists. In the New Brunswick market, however, the only customers who can create stranded costs are those eligible to choose their own suppliers. It is argued that since most customers will not have a choice of electricity suppliers, they cannot generate stranded costs and therefore, should not have to pay costs stranded by others. A method to quantify stranded costs is presented, along with a review of transmission-related stranded costs in New Brunswick. Expansion of self-generation in New Brunswick could strand transmission assets. Currently, self-generators only contribute a small amount to fixed charges of the transmission system. However, under new recommended tariffs, the amount could increase. It is likely that the net amount of stranded transmission costs will not be large. 2 refs., 1 fig

  13. Social Capital in Rural Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, G.L.; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    1999-01-01

    What are the roots of social capital and how can it be measured and built? Social capital is considered as a new production factor which must be added to the conventional concepts of human and physical capital. Social capital is productive because it increases the level of trust in a society...... and allows more transactions to take place without third-party enforcement. Theory and lessons from empirical evidence lead to the general recommendation that any loss in social capital must be deducted from the economic gain following market forces. For example, the voluntary organization of small......-sized groups in the Danish Cooperative Dairy Movement was eliminated due to economies of scale. It may be so that an alternative way of production, taking social capital into account, could have increased economic growth further....

  14. Capital social et anthroponomie

    OpenAIRE

    Peaucelle, Irina

    2002-01-01

    Dans ce texte j'analyse les relations entre la composante Santé du capital social et la reproduction élargie de l'économie. Il s'agit aussi de discuter des méthodes d'évaluation de santé des populations pour apprécier leur potentiel de travail. En s'appuyant sur des travaux en psychologie sociale, je cherche à appréhender les rythmes anthroponomiques de l'évolution économique.

  15. Contratos de capital humano

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Alejandro Goyes Viteri

    2005-01-01

    Este documento busca dar a conocer el tema de la inversión en capital humano a través de la celebración de contratos atípicos y utilizando la fiducia mercantil y la titularización como vehículos financieros. Por medio de estos contratos un estudiante obtiene los recursos que requiere para financiar su educación superior, a cambio de entregar un porcentaje de sus ingresos después de su graduación a quien financió la operación.

  16. Capital social comunicativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Ángel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se buscan establecer las bases para una transformación del tradicional triángulo comunicativo emisor-mensaje-receptor, por un esquema que haga alusión a la dinámica social de la comunicación relacionada con lo público: actores-escenarios-sentidos. De esta forma, es posible conformar guías para la acción y encontrar en los actores ciudadanos de comunicación, la conformaciónde un capital social para la democracia.

  17. Knight Capital Americas LLC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austin, Robert D.; Meister, Darren

    2015-01-01

    $450 million dollars in less than an hour. Although it was ultimately saved from bankruptcy when it was acquired two days later, the terms of acquisition were very unfavourable to the company's shareholders. How did this happen? Could it have been prevented? What should the staff, the chief executive......It took 19 years to build Knight Capital Americas LLC into the largest market maker on the New York Stock Exchange, but on August 1, 2012, it took only 45 minutes for the firm to be wiped out by an information technology (IT) problem: a change in the company's software caused it to lose more than...

  18. Corruption and Social Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2003-01-01

    I examine the causal relation between social capiatl and corruption. A simple model illustrates potential mechanisms and yields testable implications, which I estimate in a sample of European countries. The estimated effect of social capital on corruption is found to be robust to the inclusion...... of a number of other variables and supplementing the sample with slightly older data from non-European countries. The evidence of the reverse causal direction is weak. I suggest that it is possible to build social capiatl through investing in education, interest in society and some level of income...

  19. Contratos de capital humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Alejandro Goyes Viteri

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este documento busca dar a conocer el tema de la inversión en capital humano a través de la celebración de contratos atípicos y utilizando la fiducia mercantil y la titularización como vehículos financieros. Por medio de estos contratos un estudiante obtiene los recursos que requiere para financiar su educación superior, a cambio de entregar un porcentaje de sus ingresos después de su graduación a quien financió la operación.

  20. DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS SKILLS MODULE FOR HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moré, Dailien

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Today firms advocate buy a business improvement depends on proper reach staff selection considering the level of commitment, work attitude, skills and competencies of each person in the performance of the functions of the various fees and jobs. This research proposes a module occupational competency (CL that would strengthen the Human Capital Management (GCH. The proposal may encourage national institutions and increase their productivity sustained employment success for the country. For the realization of the solution was carried out the study of business processes and methods of multicriterial decision-making. Following the completion of the design, the solution was implemented and the identified components were integrated, the results of the data obtained showed the feasibility of the contribution to the solution of the problem.

  1. Human Capital and Genetic Diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Sequeira, Tiago; Santos, Marcelo,; Ferreira-Lopes, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    The determinants of human capital have been studied sparsely in the literature. Although there is a huge literature on the determinants of schooling linked with the quality of schooling, there are not many contributions that explore the deep determinants of investment in, quantity and quality of human capital. This paper investigates the relationship between human capital and the ancestral genetic diversity of populations. It highlights a strong hump-shaped relationship between genetic divers...

  2. Crises and human capital accumulation

    OpenAIRE

    Freddy Heylen; Lorenzo Pozzi

    2007-01-01

    This paper studies the effects of crises on human capital formation. Theoretically, a crisis undermines total factor productivity, which reduces the return to working and to accumulating physical capital. If the crisis is temporary, young agents will study now and work later. Human capital rises. To test our model we rely on inflation crises as our main empirical proxy. Using GMM panel procedures, our analysis for 86 countries in 1970-2000 confirms the positive effects of crises on human capi...

  3. Re-Thinking Social Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatko Bukač

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The concept of social capital has been used very often in sociological researches over the last two decades. Measuring social capital in civil society, neighborhoods and educational systems is merely a part of its popular usage. Many sociologists tend to use the concept of social capital very freely and therefore expand the definition of social capital. The author’s personal experience indicates that there have been a great number of academic discussions, research planning and public speeches implementing the notion of social capital without taking a detailed consideration of what that concept truly entails. By overviewing the available literature on social capital, it is actually no wonder that both sociologists and the noted concept were in this confusing situation. As Field stated in his book Social Capital (Key Ideas, published in 2008, his work was “the first attempt to provide an extended introduction on increasingly influential concept of social capital” (Field 1. Quibria notes that even though there is a vast number of research conducted on social capital in many academic fields and with various approaches ‘the concept of social capital remains largely elusive’’(1. That obviously is not an obstacle because there is a constantly growing interest in social capital. A vast body of research concerning, measuring, and defining social capital is available today, which helps a researcher to analyze and compare all of the perspectives concerning social capital. This can be of great importance when researchers approach a somewhat new subject of research such as online communication and, more specifically, online games.

  4. Worker Remittances and Capital Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Buch, Claudia M; Kuckulenz, Anja; Le Manchec, Marie-Helene

    2002-01-01

    The debate on the risks and benefits of the globalisation of international capital markets has focused on the volume and the volatility of the main capital flows — foreign direct investment (FDI), portfolio investment, and foreign bank lending. Financial transfers in the form of worker remittances have received less attention in this context. This paper provides an analysis on the magnitude of remittances, their volatility, and their relationship to other capital flows. Moreover, we provide ...

  5. APPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL CAPITAL THEORY

    OpenAIRE

    Schmid, A. Allan; Robison, Lindon J.

    1995-01-01

    Experiments and studies were conducted to investigate the role of social capital. Social capital (relationship to others) is a productive asset which is a substitute for and complement to other productive assets. The productivity of social capital leads to the expectation that firms and individuals invest in relationships. Data were collected to answer the following questions: Does the identity (relationship) of trading partners affect selling and buying prices; the acceptance of catastrophic...

  6. Capitalism and African business cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Scott D.

    2014-01-01

    Scholars and practitioners once commonly linked 'African culture' to a distinctive 'African capitalism', at odds with genuine capitalism and the demands of modern business. Yet contemporary African business cultures reveal that a capitalist ethos has taken hold within both state and society. The success and visibility of an emergent, and celebrated, class of African big business reveals that business and profit are culturally acceptable. Existing theories of African capitalism are ill-equippe...

  7. Coincident Indicators of Capital Flows

    OpenAIRE

    Malika Pant; Yanliang Miao

    2012-01-01

    Capital flows data from Balance of Payments statistics often lag 3-6 months, which renders timely surveillance and policy deliberation difficult. To address the tension, we propose two coincident composite indicators for capital flows that improve upon existing proxies. We find that the most widely used proxy, the capital tracker, often overpredicts net flows by 30 percent. We augment the tracker into a composite indicator by assigning to it a lesser but optimally estimated weight while incor...

  8. New Capital Estimates for China

    OpenAIRE

    Holz, Carsten A

    2005-01-01

    Data on physical capital are an indispensable part of economic growth and efficiency studies. In the case of China, fixed asset time series are usually derived either by aggregating gross fixed capital formation data over time, net of depreciation, or by correcting the limited official fixed asset data available. These procedures, to varying degrees, ignore that (i) gross fixed capital formation does not equal investment, (ii) investment does not equal the value of fixed assets newly created ...

  9. Social Capital and Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Reino Hjerppe

    1998-01-01

    It is argued in order to explain large differences in the level of the development and the growth of economies cannot be adequately explained only by looking the traditional inputs of labour, capital and natural resources. The hypothesis is that also the role of social capital needs to be taken into account. First the concept of social capital is defined and discussed. Then the role of social capital in the development process is explained. Empirical test based on the cross-country data of 27...

  10. Human capital and career success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Anders; Kato, Takao

    evidence for the first time for the population of workers in an entire economy (as opposed to case study evidence) on the effects of the nature and scope of human capital on career success (measured by appointments to top management). First, we confirm the beneficial effect of acquiring general human...... capital formally through schooling for career success, as well as the gender gap in career success rates. Second, broadening the scope of human capital by experiencing various occupations (becoming a generalist) is found to be advantageous for career success. Third, initial human capital earned through...

  11. Exploring the social capital grid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase; Patulny, Roger

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show that numerous studies have advanced social capital research over the past decade. Most studies have accepted the theoretical distinction between bonding and bridging social capital networks. Many, however, tend to agglomerate empirical research under the one...... catch-all social capital concept, rather than classifying it according to the bonding/bridging distinction. Furthermore, most studies make little distinction on the basis of methodology, between qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigating social capital. These omissions need to be addressed....

  12. Social Capital, Value, and Measure: Antonio Negri's Challenge to Capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Ronald E.

    2002-01-01

    Considers one concept in knowledge management, that of social capital, focusing on the problem of measure and value in capitalism, specifically within the period and conditions of post-Fordist production. Discusses the work of Antonio Negri and suggests the importance of knowledge management as a symptom of a turn in political economy. (Author/LRW)

  13. Human capital and optimal positive taxation of capital income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Jacobs (Bas); A.L. Bovenberg (Lans)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThis paper analyzes optimal linear and non-linear taxes on capital and labor incomes in a life-cycle model of human capital investment, financial savings, and labor supply with heterogenous individuals. A dual income tax with a positive marginal tax rate on not only labor income but also

  14. Comprehensive wealth, intangible capital, and development

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Susana; Hamilton, Kirk

    2010-01-01

    Existing wealth estimates show that in most countries intangible capital is the largest share of total wealth. Intangible capital is calculated as the difference between total wealth and tangible (produced and natural) capital. This paper uses new estimates of total wealth, natural capital, and physical capital for a panel of countries to shed light on the constituents of the intangible ca...

  15. 12 CFR 615.5200 - Capital planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS Capital Adequacy § 615.5200 Capital planning. (a) The Board...'s capital adequacy plan. Rather, the standards are intended to serve as minimum levels of capital... capital adequacy plan as a part of the financial plan required by § 618.8440 of this chapter. The...

  16. From Information Capitalism to Information Socialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaoFeng

    2005-01-01

    Information technology and information capital are both neutral in character and can serve socialism as well as capitalism. As Karst pointed out, the information society is culturally and institutionally diverse. If in their transformation into social morphology information technology and capital may both end in socialism as well as capitalism, then what is the essential distinction between information capitalism and information socialism?

  17. Physician Fee Policy and Medicaid Program Costs

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Gruber; Kathleen Adams; Newhouse, Joseph P.

    1997-01-01

    We investigate the hypothesis that increasing access for the indigent to physician offices shifts care from hospital outpatient settings and lowers Medicaid costs (the so-called offset effect'). To evaluate this hypothesis we exploit a large increase in physician fees in the Tennessee Medicaid program, using Georgia as a control. We find that beneficiaries shifted care from clinics to offices, but that there was little or no shifting from hospital outpatient departments or emergency rooms. Th...

  18. School Fees, Parental Participation and Accountability: Evidence from Madagascar

    OpenAIRE

    LESNE, Frédéric

    2013-01-01

    The role of school fees in achieving both allocative and productive efficiency in the delivery of primary education has been a subject of intense debate. Building on a simple model that makes explicit the role of school fees in determining the optimal level of parental participation to school governance, this paper contributes to the debate by evaluating empirically the relationship between fees, participation and the accountability framework in public primary schools in Madagascar. The resul...

  19. Determinants of Audit Fees: Evidence from an Emerging Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Yousef Mohammad Hassan; Kamal Naser

    2013-01-01

    This study sets out to examine factors influencing audit fees paid by non-financial companies listed on AbuDhabi Stock Exchange (ADX). Data were collected from the 2011 annual and corporate governance reportspublished by the Emirati non-financial companies listed on ADX. Backward regression analysis is employed toassess the association between audit fees and certain company’s attributes. The findings show a directrelationship between audit fees and each of corporate size, business complexity ...

  20. Non-Audit Service Fees, Auditor Characteristics and Earnings Restatements

    OpenAIRE

    SORIN-SANDU VÎNĂTORU; GEORGE CALOTĂ

    2009-01-01

    The objective of the study is to provide empirical evidence of the impact of non-audit services (NAS) as well as other auditor characteristics on auditor independence by testing the relationship of NAS fees to the occurrence of financial statement restatements. The authors tested whether firms that restate their financial statements have higher levels of total service fees or higher levels of NAS fees than non-restatement firms. The testing also includes an examination of the relationship bet...

  1. 12 CFR 37.5 - Method of payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Method of payment of fees. 37.5 Section 37.5... AND DEBT SUSPENSION AGREEMENTS § 37.5 Method of payment of fees. Except as provided in § 37.3(c)(2), a bank may offer a customer the option of paying the fee for a contract in a single payment, provided...

  2. GENERIC DRUG USER FEE: AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darshit S. Patel*, Abhishek R. Patel and Narendra A. Patel

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The globalization of generic drug manufacturing, supply and testing, and a growing workload that has far outpaced USFDA’s resources has created new challenges. USFDA & Industry propose generic drug user fee to address the need for globalization of the inspection process, and to speed the timely review of generic product applications. The Generic Drug User Fee (GDUF proposal is agreed by generic industry & USFDA and is focused on three key aims: safety, access, and transparency. Under the program, USFDA will receive nearly $1.5 billion over five years in supplemental funding through generic industry user fees in order to help the agency expedite access to generic drugs, enhance drug quality and safety and ensure inspection parity of both foreign and domestic manufacturing sites. GDUF also will help accelerate the market entry of additional manufacturers of drugs currently in short supply and improve quality, consistency, and availability within the supply chain, further helping to mitigate drug shortages. The GDUF new legislation is a milestone for the generic giants and a major win for American health care consumers.

  3. 48 CFR 970.1504-1-7 - Fee base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., buildings and facilities whether to be leased, purchased or constructed; depreciation of Government... the policies applying to architect-engineer or construction contracts. Fees paid for such...

  4. 75 FR 6151 - Minimum Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... Cease and Desist Order, as amended. See 74 FR 5597 (January 30, 2009). As a result, the definition of... AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1225 RIN 2590-AA01 Minimum Capital AGENCY: Federal Housing Finance Agency. ACTION... Soundness Act that provides for a temporary increase in the minimum capital level for entities regulated...

  5. San Diego's Capital Planning Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lytton, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This article describes San Diego's capital planning process. As part of its capital planning process, the San Diego Unified School District has developed a systematic analysis of functional quality at each of its school sites. The advantage of this approach is that it seeks to develop and apply quantifiable metrics and standards for the more…

  6. A Capital Adequacy Buffer Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.E. Allen (David); M.J. McAleer (Michael); R.J. Powell (Robert); A.K. Singh (Abhay)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ In this paper, we develop a new capital adequacy buffer model (CABM) which is sensitive to dynamic economic circumstances. The model, which measures additional bank capital required to compensate for fluctuating credit risk, is a novel combination of the Merton structur

  7. Schools, Social Capital and Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, Julie; Catts, Ralph

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the significance of social capital in relation to education, exploring its relevance to teachers and other professionals as well as among young people. It draws on aspects of five case studies undertaken by the Schools and Social Capital Network, within the Applied Educational Research Scheme in Scotland. These case studies…

  8. Venture Capital and Innovation Strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Da Rin, M.; Penas, M.F.

    2015-01-01

    Venture capital is a specialized form of financial intermediation that often provides funding for costly technological innovation. Venture capital firms need to exit portfolio companies within about five years from the investment to generate returns for institutional investors. This paper is the fir

  9. Universities Venture into Venture Capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desruisseaux, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Reports that some universities are starting their own venture-capital funds to develop campus companies, or are investing endowment funds with established venture-capital firms inclined to finance potential spinoffs from campus research. Examples cited are from the University of Alabama, Vanderbilt University (Tennessee), University of…

  10. Capital loss in China's agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Peng

    2004-01-01

    China's agriculture has contributed a lot to industrialization but it has suffered a long-run and severe capital loss.This paper provides an estimation model of capital loss in agriculture and gives some explanation in marginal approach.With an eye to a balanced and sustainable economy development, it is high time for government to do something for it.

  11. Social Capital and Savings Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Newman, Carol; Tarp, Finn; Khai, Luu Duc

    In this paper, we analyze household savings in rural Vietnam paying particular attention to the factors that determine the proportion of savings held as formal deposits. Our aim is to explore the extent to which social capital can play a role in promoting formal savings behavior. Social capital...

  12. 12 CFR 565.4 - Capital measures and capital category definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for any rating category (other than in a rating category specifically addressing capital adequacy... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital measures and capital category... PROMPT CORRECTIVE ACTION § 565.4 Capital measures and capital category definitions. (a) Capital...

  13. The economics of payment card fee structure: what is the optimal balance between merchant fee and payment card rewards?

    OpenAIRE

    Fumiko Hayashi

    2008-01-01

    This paper theoretically considers the optimal balance between the merchant fee and the cardholder fee (rewards) from both efficiency and equity perspectives. First, the paper constructs the models that can be used by the U.S. policymakers. Because theoretical results are very sensitive to the assumptions of the models, it is important to construct models that reflect the reality of the market. Second, the most efficient fee structure and product price are considered under the various combina...

  14. 7 CFR 205.642 - Fees and other charges for certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Administrative Fees § 205.642 Fees...

  15. Culture as Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    A collection of essays 2011-2014 By following, and reproducing, the cultural turn, the rhetoric of cultural mix and hybridism is disseminated today primarily in its crossing of trade barriers. Cultures reduced to their exchange value function as capital - an accumulative, speculative and...... essays, Slavko Kacunko discusses the process art by crossing the disciplines of art history and comparative media-, visual- and -cultural studies. As a first approximation, several historiographical remarks on closed-circuit video installations underline their importance as a core category of process art....... In the second part, the problems of process art, seen as a threshold of art history, are further examined in another retroanalytical step, in which concepts and objects related to `mirror', `frame' and `immediacy' are analyzed as the triple delimitation of visual culture studies. In the third part, previously...

  16. A successful capital treadmill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A summary of the operating economics of the Winter Cummings Sand Pool, a horizontal well development project with a sustained rate of development, was presented. A total of 58 horizontal wells have been drilled over a time span of seven years. The production performance of the first pilot wells indicated that development of the pool by horizontal wells could be economically viable. Since its inception the Winter field development was considered to have become a capital treadmill with an incremental rate of return on the incremental investment of 240 percent (a 24 million dollar net operating cash flow for a 10 million dollar investment). Current development status and production forecasts were also discussed. 21 figs

  17. Governing Global Capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrington, Brooke

    How do professions affect the configuration of political economies worldwide? This study addresses the question through interviews with members of a new transnational profession - wealth management - whose innovations are reshaping the balance of power in global finance. Wealth managers specialize...... in helping elites avoid taxes and other forms of regulation. The study documents how the means through which they achieve this objective - shifting billions in private capital wealth between Asia, Africa, India and Europe - and how this affects the balance of regional economic power. Drawing from...... and international policy-making bodies to advance the interests of the profession and its wealthy clients; and 3) by writing the fiscal legislation of some jurisdictions. Through these mechanisms, the profession has reconfigured political and economic power trans-nationally, shifting the world’s financial center...

  18. Social capital and localised learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark

    2007-01-01

      This conceptual paper analyses why social capital is important for learning and economic development, how it is created and its geography. It argues that with the rise of globalisation and learning-based competition, social capital is becoming valuable because it organises markets, lowering...... business firms' costs of co-ordinating and allowing them flexibly to connect and reconnect. The paper defines social capital as a matrix of various social relations, combined with particular normative and cognitive social institutions that facilitate co-operation and reciprocity, and suggests that social...... capital is formed at spatial scales lower than the national or international, because the density of matrices of social relations increases with proximity. The paper also offers a discussion of how national and regional policies may be suited for promoting social capital....

  19. Individual social capital and survival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlskov, Linda; Mortensen, Rikke N; Overgaard, Charlotte;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The concept of social capital has received increasing attention as a determinant of population survival, but its significance is uncertain. We examined the importance of social capital on survival in a population study while focusing on gender differences. METHODS: We used data from...... a Danish regional health survey with a five-year follow-up period, 2007-2012 (n = 9288, 53.5% men, 46.5% women). We investigated the association between social capital and all-cause mortality, performing separate analyses on a composite measure as well as four specific dimensions of social capital while...... controlling for covariates. Analyses were performed with Cox proportional hazard models by which hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: For women, higher levels of social capital were associated with lower all-cause mortality regardless of age, socioeconomic status, health...

  20. Use of impact fees to incentivize low-impact development and promote compact growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zhongming; Noonan, Douglas; Crittenden, John; Jeong, Hyunju; Wang, Dali

    2013-10-01

    Low-impact development (LID) is an innovative stormwater management strategy that restores the predevelopment hydrology to prevent increased stormwater runoff from land development. Integrating LID into residential subdivisions and increasing population density by building more compact living spaces (e.g., apartment homes) can result in a more sustainable city by reducing stormwater runoff, saving infrastructural cost, increasing the number of affordable homes, and supporting public transportation. We develop an agent-based model (ABM) that describes the interactions between several decision-makers (i.e., local government, a developer, and homebuyers) and fiscal drivers (e.g., property taxes, impact fees). The model simulates the development of nine square miles of greenfield land. A more sustainable development (MSD) scenario introduces an impact fee that developers must pay if they choose not to use LID to build houses or apartment homes. Model simulations show homeowners selecting apartment homes 60% or 35% of the time after 30 years of development in MSD or business as usual (BAU) scenarios, respectively. The increased adoption of apartment homes results from the lower cost of using LID and improved quality of life for apartment homes relative to single-family homes. The MSD scenario generates more tax revenue and water savings than does BAU. A time-dependent global sensitivity analysis quantifies the importance of socioeconomic variables on the adoption rate of apartment homes. The top influential factors are the annual pay rates (or capital recovery factor) for single-family houses and apartment homes. The ABM can be used by city managers and policymakers for scenario exploration in accordance with local conditions to evaluate the effectiveness of impact fees and other policies in promoting LID and compact growth.

  1. 1984 Federal Interim Storage fee study: a technical and economic analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JAI examined alternative methods for structuring charges for Federal Interim Storage (FIS) services were examined and the conclusion reached that the combined interests of the Department and the users would be best served, and costs most appropriately recovered, by a two-part fee involving an Initial Payment upon execution of a contract for FIS services followed by a Final Payment upon delivery of the spent fuel to the Department. The Initial Payment would be an advance payment covering the pro rata share of preoperational costs, including (1) the capital costs of the required transfer facilities and storage area, (2) development costs, (3) government administrative costs including storage fund management, and (4) impact aid payments made in accordance with section 136(e) of the Act. The Final Payment would be made at the time of delivery of the spent fuel to the Department and would be calculated to cover the sum of the following: (1) any under-or over-estimation in the costs used to calculate the Initial Payment of the fee including savings due to rod consolidation), (2) module costs (i.e., storage casks, drywells, or silos), and (3) the total estimated cost of operation and decommissioning of the FIS facilities (including government administrative costs, storage fund management and impact aid). Charges for the transport of spent fuel from the reactor site to FIS facilities would be separately assessed at cost since these will be specific to each reactor site and destination

  2. Capital Account Liberalization as a Signal

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    We present a model in which a government's current capital controls policy signals future policies. Controls on capital outflows evolve in response to news on technology, conditional on government attitudes towards taxation of capital. When there is uncertainty over government types, a policy of liberal capital outflows sends a favorable signal that may trigger a capital inflow. This prediction is consistent with the experience of several countries that have liberalized their capital account

  3. Uninsurable investment risks and capital income taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Césaire A. Meh; Terajima, Yaz

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the capital accumulation and welfare implications of reducing capital income taxation in a general equilibrium economy with uninsurable investment risks. It has been shown that, with uninsurable investment risks, under-accumulation of capital may result compared to the complete markets economy. We show that reducing somewhat the capital income tax rate increases the capital stock and leads to a welfare gain. The complete elimination of the capital income tax, however, is no...

  4. Capital regulation and banks' financial decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Haibin

    2015-01-01

    This paper develops a stochastic dynamic model to examine the impact of capital regulation on banks' financial decisions. In equilibrium, lending decisions, capital buffer and the probability of bank failure are endogenously determined. Compared to a flat-rate capital rule, a risk-sensitive capital standard causes the capital requirement to be much higher for small (and riskier) banks and much lower for large (and less risky) banks. Nevertheless, changes in actual capital holdings are less pr...

  5. Corruption, Public Expenditure, and Human Capital Accumulation

    OpenAIRE

    Spyridon Boikos

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the effect of corruption on human capital accumulation through two channels. The first channel is through the effect of corruption on the public expenditure on education and the second channel is through the effect of corruption on the physical capital investment. Public expenditure on education affects positively human capital, while physical capital can obsolete human capital. Initially, we construct an endogenous two-sector growth model with human capital accum...

  6. Intellectual capital: Evidence from banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    Somayeh Boostani; Shabnam Fotovvat; Karam Safari

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates different components on intellectual capital including human capital, structural capital and customer capital in banking industry in city of Salmas, Iran. The study uses the questionnaire developed by Bontis (1998) [Bontis, N. (1998). Intellectual capital: an exploratory study that develops measures and models. Management Decision, 36(2), 63-76.] to measure the effects of human capital. The questionnaire consists of 42 questions and all of them are designed in Likert s...

  7. 75 FR 4635 - Risk-Based Capital Guidelines; Capital Adequacy Guidelines; Capital Maintenance: Regulatory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ... Policy Analyst, (202) 906-5740, Capital Risk, or Marvin Shaw, Senior Attorney, (202) 906-6639...-in of the regulatory capital effects of the accounting changes, among other issues.\\9\\ \\9\\ 74 FR... Consolidated Financial Statements for Bank Holding Companies (FR Y-9C). In the NPR, the agencies...

  8. National Capital Planning Commission Meeting Transcripts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Capital Planning Commission — Transcripts of the monthly (with the exception of August) National Capital Planning Commission meeting transcripts are provided for research to confirm actions...

  9. 32 CFR 518.21 - Collection of fees and fee rates for technical data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM Fee Schedule..., blueprints, and other technical engineering documents 2.50 Engineering data (microfilm) a. Aperture cards... mm roll film, per frame .45 d. Paper prints (engineering drawings), each 1.50 e. Paper reprints...

  10. Immigrant Capital and Entrepreneurial Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malavika Sundararajan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The main objective of this study is to define and operationalize the concept of immigrant capital, a key factor that differentiates immigrant from host country entrepreneurs in how they recognize and start new ventures. Research Design & Methods: A detailed analysis of contemporary immigrant entrepreneurship and opportunity recognition literature was carried out. Using grounded theory, we synthesized the outcomes from the analysis of eight Canadian and U.S. case studies of successful immigrant entrepreneurs with the key findings from the literature to define and develop a model of immigrant capital. Findings: Based on our grounded theory development process we show that the concept of immigrant capital as a distillate of human, cultural, economic and social capital that goes beyond expected opportunity recognition (OR drivers like prior knowledge and prior experience to differentiate and enhance the immigrant entrepreneur’s ability to recognize business opportunities compared to host country entrepreneurs. We found immigrant capital to be a consequence of being boundary spanners in host and home country networks. Implications & Recommendations: Understanding a unique resource like immigrant capital, will help immigrant as well as host country entrepreneurs further develop their opportunity recognition ability by bridging gaps and fulfilling the needs for both, immigrant and host country consumers. Contribution & Value Added: The main contribution is the theoretical development, identification and definition of the immigrant capital model and propositions that will articulate the factors that lead to the conceptualization and operationalization of immigrant capital. Furthermore, the immigrant capital model can serve host country entrepreneurs to develop cross-cultural networks and jump-start entrepreneurial activities in their home countries as well as learn how to expand their operations into global markets.

  11. 25 CFR 152.5 - Issuance of patent in fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of patent in fee. 152.5 Section 152.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in...

  12. 25 CFR 152.4 - Application for patent in fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for patent in fee. 152.4 Section 152.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in...

  13. 7 CFR 1.217 - Witness fees and travel expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and travel expenses. 1.217 Section 1.217... Witnesses in Judicial or Administrative Proceedings § 1.217 Witness fees and travel expenses. (a) Any... produce official documents on behalf of the United States is entitled to travel expenses in...

  14. 78 FR 51728 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... published in the Federal Register on November 24, 1987 (52 FR 45019). HHS/CDC began collecting fees on March... Federal Register on July 17, 1987 (52 FR 27060). The fee schedule was most recently published in the Federal Register on August 21, 2012 (77 FR 50511). The size and cost factors for FY 2014 are presented...

  15. 76 FR 10498 - Exchange Visitor Program-Fees and Charges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... rule, Public Notice 7077 at 75 FR 60674-60679, October 1, 2010, with a request for comments, amending... combined comments to both opposition of the final secondary school student rule and the proposed fee rule... directives regarding such user fee calculations as set forth in OMB Circular A-25. The Department...

  16. 76 FR 18137 - Amendment of the Schedule of Application Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic Filers. Comments may be filed... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 1 Amendment of the Schedule of Application Fees AGENCY: Federal Communications... to clarify the rules on the payment of filing fees by winning bidders in auctions of...

  17. 28 CFR 79.74 - Representatives and attorney's fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., as described in paragraph (c) of this section, may receive from a claimant or beneficiary any fee in... beneficiary, may not receive from a claimant or beneficiary any fee for services rendered, including costs... active membership in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state; and (2) A...

  18. 7 CFR 3560.204 - Security deposits and membership fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Security deposits and membership fees. 3560.204 Section 3560.204 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.204 Security deposits and membership fees. (a)...

  19. 7 CFR 94.304 - Fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... POULTRY AND EGG PRODUCTS Processed Poultry Products § 94.304 Fees and charges. (a) The fee charged for any single laboratory analysis of processed poultry products shall be obtained from the schedules of charges in paragraph (a) of § 91.37 of this subchapter. (b) The laboratory analyses for processed...

  20. 7 CFR 27.80 - Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision. 27... Classification and Micronaire § 27.80 Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision. For services rendered by... classification and Micronaire determination results certified on cotton class certificates.) (e) Supervision,...

  1. 48 CFR 752.7021 - Changes in tuition and fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... event results in an increase in the cost of the program, USAID agrees to pay such increased standard... and fees. At such time as increases in the amounts of tuition and fees results in there being... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Changes in tuition...

  2. 48 CFR 1816.405-274 - Award fee evaluation factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... factors. 1816.405-274 Section 1816.405-274 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND....405-274 Award fee evaluation factors. (a) Explicit evaluation factors shall be established for each award fee period. Factors should be tied to desired outcomes. If used, subfactors should be limited...

  3. 76 FR 1626 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... Districts'' published in the Federal Register on September 27, 1995 (60 FR 49971). Section 1893 of the Tax... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2011 AGENCY: Customs and... provides notice to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by...

  4. 77 FR 74201 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... September 27, 1995 (60 FR 49971). Section 1893 of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (Pub. L. 99-514) provides that... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2013 AGENCY: U.S. Customs... provides notice to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by...

  5. 76 FR 65741 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... Districts'' published in the Federal Register on September 27, 1995 (60 FR 49971). Section 1893 of the Tax... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2012 AGENCY: Customs and Border... to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by a...

  6. 78 FR 77140 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... ] Brokerage, Cartage and Lighterage Districts'' published in the Federal Register on September 27, 1995 (60 FR... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2014 AGENCY: U.S. Customs... provides notice to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by...

  7. 78 FR 48136 - Notice of New Recreation Fee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-07

    ..., 2013. Tom Torres, Acting Prescott National Forest Supervisor. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Notice of New Recreation Fee AGENCY: Prescott National Forest, Southwestern Region, USDA Forest Service. ACTION: Notice of New Recreation Fee. SUMMARY: The Prescott National Forest is...

  8. 78 FR 53726 - Notice of New Fee Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... National Forest Supervisor. BILLING CODE 3410-11-P ... Forest Service Notice of New Fee Site AGENCY: Monongahela National Forest, USDA Forest Service. ACTION: Notice of New Fee Site. SUMMARY: The Monongahela National Forest is proposing to charge $10.00 per...

  9. 78 FR 9031 - Notice of Proposed New Fee Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    ... T Bass, Forest supervisor. BILLING CODE 3410-11-M ... Forest Service Notice of Proposed New Fee Sites AGENCY: Bighorn National Forest, Forest Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Proposed New Fee Sites. SUMMARY: The Bighorn National Forest is proposing to charge...

  10. 12 CFR 1780.13 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 1780.13 Section 1780... DEVELOPMENT RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE General Rules § 1780.13 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses (other than parties) subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be...

  11. 12 CFR 908.29 - Witness fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees and expenses. 908.29 Section 908... OPERATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD General Rules § 908.29 Witness fees and expenses. Witnesses (other than parties) subpoenaed for testimony or depositions shall be paid the...

  12. 76 FR 76738 - Generic Drug User Fee; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-08

    ... the enactment of a GDUFA that would authorize FDA to collect user fees related to human generic drugs.... New legislation is required for FDA to establish and collect user fees for generic drugs. In... availability of low-cost, high- quality generic drugs by bringing greater predictability to the review...

  13. 49 CFR 1540.209 - Fees for security threat assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... current cost of conducting security threat assessments. TSA determines fee amounts and any necessary revisions to the fee amounts based on current costs, using a method of analysis consistent with widely accepted accounting principles and practices, and calculated in accordance with the provisions of 31...

  14. 76 FR 43112 - Update of August 2001 Overflight Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... Overflight Fees using more current FAA cost accounting data and air traffic activity data. Overflight Fees... 1999 cost accounting and activity data. This action is necessary because operational costs have... based. The FAA had already begun developing a new Cost Accounting System (CAS) in 1996. Early data...

  15. 37 CFR 1.366 - Submission of maintenance fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... surcharges. (c) In submitting maintenance fees and any necessary surcharges, identification of the patents... payment includes identification of only the patent number (i.e., does not identify the application number... customer number. If the maintenance fee and any necessary surcharge is being paid on a reissue patent,...

  16. 22 CFR 22.1 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... site (22 CFR 51.56(b)) (not applicable abroad) 60 4. Exemptions: The following applicants are exempted... require a passport in connection with their duties aboard an American flag vessel (22 U.S.C. 214) No fee... significant time and/or expenses incurred) No fee. (b) Overseeing the appraisal, sale, and final...

  17. 78 FR 28137 - Exchange Visitor Program-Fees and Charges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-14

    ... fee charged to U.S. corporate entities will increase to $3,982.00 for program designation and... include oversight and compliance with program requirements, as well as the monitoring of programs to... Part 62 RIN 1400-AD28 Exchange Visitor Program--Fees and Charges AGENCY: Department of State....

  18. 32 CFR 701.49 - Payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... failed previously to pay a fee in a timely fashion (i.e., within 30 calendar days from the date of the... previously failed to pay fees in a timely fashion (i.e., 30 calendar days) after being assessed in writing by... fashion (i.e., within 30 calendar days from the date of the billing), the DON activity may require...

  19. Contingent fees in medical malpractice litigation - a qualitative assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottensmeyer, D J; Smith, H L; Porter, J

    1983-08-01

    The medical profession has experienced high liability insurance premiums accompanied by widespread use of contingent fees in medical malpractice litigation. It is worthwhile, therefore, to assess qualitatively the merits of contingent fees, the evidence suggesting that they are associated with unjustified litigation and their implications for the medical and legal professions. PMID:6636743

  20. 50 CFR 80.4 - Diversion of license fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, PITTMAN-ROBERTSON WILDLIFE RESTORATION AND DINGELL-JOHNSON SPORT FISH RESTORATION ACTS § 80.4 Diversion of license fees. Revenues from license fees paid by hunters and fishermen shall not be diverted to purposes...

  1. 5 CFR 2100.6 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Schedule of fees. 2100.6 Section 2100.6 Administrative Personnel ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100... production of the copies is in the interest of the Government. (c) Fee Schedule and method of payment....

  2. 13 CFR 115.32 - Fees and Premiums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees and Premiums. 115.32 Section... Subject to Prior Approval § 115.32 Fees and Premiums. (a) Surety's Premium. A Prior Approval Surety must... services from the Surety or any Affiliate or agent of the Surety. The Surety must not charge...

  3. 9 CFR 149.8 - Program fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Program fees and charges. 149.8... AGRICULTURE LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT VOLUNTARY TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM § 149.8 Program fees and charges. (a) Site audit. If a QVMO performs the site audit, then the producer will pay the QVMO at the...

  4. 76 FR 10500 - Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... processing and audit functions. In the Federal Register notice announcing the fee schedule (65 FR 46797, July... prior fee structure for charging NRTLs for application processing and audits. In section III, OSHA..., evaluations and Federal Register notices; and (2) audits. The rule also sets forth that OSHA bases the...

  5. Intellectual capital: Evidence from banking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somayeh Boostani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates different components on intellectual capital including human capital, structural capital and customer capital in banking industry in city of Salmas, Iran. The study uses the questionnaire developed by Bontis (1998 [Bontis, N. (1998. Intellectual capital: an exploratory study that develops measures and models. Management Decision, 36(2, 63-76.] to measure the effects of human capital. The questionnaire consists of 42 questions and all of them are designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas for human capital, structural capital and relationship capital were calculated as 0.79, 0.76 and 0.72, respectively. The implementation of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test has indicated that the data were normally distributed. Using t-student test, the study determined that while management team did not pay enough attention on human capital, there were some statistically significant evidence that social and relationship capitals gained good attention.

  6. Social capital in engineering education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shane

    A theoretical argument is presented to suggest that engineering curriculum be designed to develop social capital. Additionally, the value of social capital in the retention of students in the College of Engineering, and the development, role, and value of social capital in an electrical engineering laboratory is evaluated. Data collected includes participant observations, informal and formal student interviews, and a researcher-designed survey. Social capital consists of interaction among individuals (networks), social rules that encourage interactions such as trust and reciprocity (norms), and the value of these networks and norms to the individual and the group. A large body of evidence suggests that social capital is valuable in terms of retention and multiple measures of academic achievement. The importance of social capital in retention was verified by students that have left engineering and those that remain, in terms of interactions with peers, teaching assistants, and engineering faculty; and a lack of sense of community in freshman engineering courses. Students that have left engineering differed in their perceptions of social capital from those that remain in their frustrations with teaching methods that encourage little discussion or opportunities to ask questions about assumptions or approaches. The open-ended nature of laboratory assignments, extensive required troubleshooting, and lack of specific directions from the teaching assistants were found to encourage the development of social capital in the laboratory setting. Degree centrality, a network measure of social capital as the number of ties an individual has within a social network, was found to be positively correlated with laboratory grade. Student perceptions of the importance of interactions with other students on success in the laboratory setting has a negative model effect on academic achievement in the laboratory. In contrast, student perceptions of the quality of interactions with

  7. Capitalism, Socialism and Public Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Osvaldo Ravier

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The essay examines Schumpeter’s understanding of the capitalist process and develops a critical analysis of his explanation of why capitalism cannot survive. Part I deals with how Schumpeter understood capitalism. Part II studies why –- from his point of view — capitalism couldn’t survive. Part III analysis why it is actually socialism, as a socio-political alternative, that is impractical and must collapse from contradictions inherent in it. Part IV presents some final reflections, presenting the public choice and the thought of James M. Buchanan, as an alternative to the pessimist Schumpeterian view.

  8. Capital humain, mobilité du capital et commerce international

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre VILLA

    1998-01-01

    The outsourcing of activities have been taking a peculiar shape recently. Human capital has remote control of the factories which are produced according to the local technology, and it defines the home technology in which it commits these factories and is committed itself. We introduce this idea in a hierarchical model of international trade with two countries, three factors and two final goods: the traditional one produced with labour and capital and the modern one produced with a non traded...

  9. Conventional capital, criminal capital, and criminal careers in drug trafficking

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Although the criminal career paradigm has explored various crime types, little effort has been conducted to systematically examine the pattern of drug trafficking careers. Ethnographic studies on drug trafficking have proposed that different forms of capital have an impact on the patterns of drug trafficking careers. The effects of conventional and criminal capital, however, have been the subject of much less empirical attention. Drawing from information on the criminal careers of 182 incarce...

  10. Internal capital markets and capital structure: bank versus internal debt.

    OpenAIRE

    Dewaelheyns, Nico; Van Hulle, Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    Recent empirical evidence has shown that internal capital markets within multinational corporations are used to reduce overall financing costs by optimizing the mix of internal and external debt of affiliates in different countries. We show that this cost saving use of internal capital markets is not limited to multinationals, but that domestic business groups actively optimize the internal/external debt mix across their subsidiaries as well. We use both subsidiary and group level financial s...

  11. Corporate governance and intellectual capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmat Alizadeh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between corporate governance and Intellectual capital in the pharmaceutical companies accepted in Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2004-2009 using a regression based model. The study investigates the impacts of three some independent variables of the corporate governance (i.e. the number of board members, the relative extent of nonexecutive to executive directors, the auditing committee. The results suggest that corporate governance had no special effect on intellectual capital in the pharmaceutical companies. Furthermore among corporate governance's variables, the first one (i.e. board size had negative impact on firms' intellectual capital and the second and the third variables had no effects on intellectual capital.

  12. Taxes and Venture Capital Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keuschnigg, Christian; Nielsen, Søren Bo

    2003-01-01

    's success, but is not verifiable. Asa result, the market equilibrium is biased towards inefficiently low venture capitalsupport. The capital gains tax becomes especially harmful, as it further impairsadvice and causes a first-order welfare loss. Once the capital gains tax is in place,limitations on loss off......-set may paradoxically contribute to higher quality of venturecapital finance and welfare. Subsidies to physical investment in VC-backed startupsare detrimental in our framework.Keywords: Venture capital, capital gains taxation, double moral hazard.JEL-Classification: D82, G24, H24, H25......In this paper we set up a model of start-up finance under double moral hazard.Entrepreneurs lack own resources and business experience to develop their ideas.Venture capitalists can provide start-up finance and commercial support. The effortput forth by either agent contributes to the firm...

  13. Oligopoly banking and capital accumulation

    OpenAIRE

    Nicola Cetorelli; Pietro F. Peretto

    2000-01-01

    We develop a dynamic general equilibrium model of capital accumulation where credit is intermediated by banks operating in a Cournot oligopoly. The number of banks affects capital accumulation through two channels. First, it affects the quantity of credit available to entrepreneurs. Second, it affects banks' decisions to collect costly information about entrepreneurs, and thus determines the efficiency of the credit market. We show that under plausible conditions, the market structure that ma...

  14. International Capital Movements Under Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    1983-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the determinants of international movements of physical capital in a model with uncertainty and international trade in goods and securities.In our model, the world allocation of capital is governed, to some extent, by the asset preferences of risk averse consumer-investors. In a one-good variant in the spirit of the MacDougall model, we find that relative factor abundance, relative labor force size and relative production riskiness have separate but interrelated infl...

  15. The Era of Super Capitalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The world has entered the "super capitalism" era when one third of its economic activities are controlled by less than 3 percent of global financial capital. This year,a global economic recession,triggered by the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis,seems unavoidable. To tackle international financial problems,Tao Dong,Chief Economist for Asia at Credit Suisse First Boston in Hong Kong,shared his insights with China Business Journal. Excerpts follow.

  16. Splendid Arts Fram Ancient Capitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    IT was in the golden autumn in Beijing, when the sky was high and the air clear, that I hurried to Zhongshan Park to witness the display of the songs and dances of the seven Chinese ancient capitals. The flower beds arranged for the celebration of National Day were still there and the colorful blooms looked especially bright in the sunshine. The seven cities which have served as capitals in Chinese history are Beijing,

  17. Linguistic Capitalism and Algorithmic Mediation

    OpenAIRE

    Kaplan, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    Google’s highly successful business model is based on selling words that appear in search queries. Organizing several million auctions per minute, the company has created the first global linguistic market and demonstrated that linguistic capitalism is a lucrative business domain, one in which billions of dollars can be realized per year. Google’s services need to be interpreted from this perspective. This article argues that linguistic capitalism implies not an economy of attention but an ec...

  18. THE IMPORTANCE OF VENTURE CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IRINA ANGHEL-ENESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Created in the United States of America, Venture Capital is an asset class which attracted recently the attention of the policy makers all over the world. But the concept is still not clearly defined and understood. This paper attempts at introducing in the concept, its characteristics, and reviewing some of the benefits Venture Capital investments can bring at both the macroeconomic level, by looking at the correlation with the economic growth, and at the microeconomic level, for the portfolio companies.

  19. Organizational Capital of the Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Nikiforovich Belkin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the main theoretical questions of the organizational capital of the enterprise are considered. The concept of «organizational capital of the enterprise» as a system consisting of three subsystems (organization of production, labour organization and management is introduced. It is shown that the organizational capital forms the labour relations system at the enterprise consisting of the cooperation, technological, economic, moral labour relations and the relations of workers’ responsibility. The model of cyclic evolution of crisis at the enterprise caused by shortcomings of the organizational capital is revealed. It is shown that the organizational capital is a basis for the realization of the human capital, which creates value added. A considerable attention is paid to the experience of the creation and functioning of the organizational capital at the enterprises of the Japanese corporation «Toyota». The Russian economic literature on crisis management quite often considers only the financial aspects of diagnostics, proposing the optimization of cash flows, elimination of excess stocks, transition to the medium-term budgeting and others. However, the deep reasons of crisis need to be found not only in financial streams, but also in the system of the work relationships. The shortcomings in the development of technological, cooperation, economic, moral labour relations and the relations of responsibility directly reflects the shortcomings in the development of the elements of the organizational capital as they «are adjusted» by these elements. In turn, organizational problems affect the product quality leading to the customer attrition and decrease in the enterprise’s financial performance. The lack of financial resources cause the need to save costs (first of all, on personnel, that was brightly shown by the economic crisis of 2009 that even more weakens the enterprise and system of labour relations. Finally, the

  20. Bridges in social capital: A review of the definitions and the social capital of social capital researchers

    OpenAIRE

    Akcomak, Semih

    2009-01-01

    There has been a recent surge of interest in social economics and social capital. Articles on social capital that are published in the last five years constitute more than 60 percent of all articles on social capital. Research on social capital is now massive and spans sociology, economics, management, political science and health sciences. Despite this interest there is still not a consensus on the definition and the measurement of social capital. This paper argues that this is due to lack o...