WorldWideScience

Sample records for cancer crisis reunion

  1. IAEA responds to cancer crisis in Tanzania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: On the occasion of World Cancer Day (4 February), the IAEA announced that its Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) will establish its first Centre of Excellence in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. This low-income East African country has one of the continent's highest cancer rates and only one cancer treatment centre. 'Cancer is a growing crisis all across the developing world,' explains IAEA Director General and Nobel Laureate Mohammed ElBaradei. 'We can save thousands of lives if we put together the tools, the knowledge and the political will to fight cancer effectively,' he said. Cancer is the second most common cause of death worldwide after cardiovascular disease. Over 7 million people died of cancer in 2005, and close to 11 million new cancer cases were diagnosed, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). More than 70 percent of cancer deaths now occur in low and middle income countries - the very countries least able to address this growing burden. Cancer-related deaths are projected to increase to more than 9 million people annually by 2015. Already cancer claims twice the number of lives worldwide as AIDS. Low income nations now face a dual burden of communicable and chronic diseases such as cancer. The IAEA spends about 12 million dollars each year for improving cancer treatment in the developing world. Last year, it established the Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT), to build partnerships with the WHO and other organizations dedicated to controlling cancer. Much of the IAEA's share of the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize Award has been dedicated to helping the developing world deal with the dramatic rise in cancer that is overwhelming limited health resources and equipment. The harsh reality of developing nations is one of overburdened health systems with little cancer screening and unnecessarily late cancer diagnosis and non-curative treatment. The IAEA estimates that approximately 5,000 cancer care centres and systems - plus the

  2. London forum targets Africa's cancer crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Africa stands on the brink of a cancer epidemic, with more than a million new cases a year by 2020. Raising awareness of the threat is one of the biggest challenges facing the global health community today. Finding solutions is an even greater one. The University of Oxford's Africa-Oxford Cancer Consortium (AfrOx), together with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), is assembling some of the world's most prominent cancer experts and policymakers in London, UK, on 10-11 May, 2007, to take up the challenge. Cancer care services in Africa are desperately limited. Life-saving radiotherapy, which is used effectively on more than 50% of cancer patients in the developed world, is available in only 21 of Africa's 53 countries, or to less than 20% of the total population. Lack of resources and basic infrastructure mean that millions of people have no access to cancer screening, early diagnosis, treatment or palliative care. Moreover, nearly 45% of cancer deaths in Africa are due to rampant viral infection, poor nutrition and widespread tobacco use. 'Many lives in Africa could be saved through prevention strategies and investments in comprehensive cancer control,' says Massoud Samiei, Head of the IAEA's Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT). 'PACT seeks to mobilize new resources and enable African countries to expand radiotherapy and cancer care in a sustainable manner.' The Cancer Control in Africa meeting will focus on Africa's deepening cancer crisis and develop strategies for much-needed national cancer control programmes. It will also act as a forum for cancer experts and health policymakers to evaluate priorities, guided by needs and available resources. By holding the meeting in London, the organizers hope to place the African problem at the forefront of the global health agenda and to enlist support and new funding from European governments to fight cancer in Africa through joint international programmes. 'We have a timely opportunity to

  3. Family Reunion Health Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can post this message as a note on Facebook, tagging family members and loved ones. You also may include ... gov . Planning Tip 2. | Develop a Family Reunion Facebook page and help family members stay in touch throughout the year. Share ...

  4. Conferences and Family Reunions

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Sutherland

    2012-01-01

    Professional associations and conferences have similarities with and differences from families and family reunions. This comparison can illustrate some ways professional associations can approach the integration of new members and the planning of conferences in order to facilitate membership development and leadership renewal. Unlike family reunions, professional conferences are not closed events that require a shared culture in order to fully participate; they are events that should show the...

  5. London forum targets Africa's cancer crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Africa stands on the brink of a cancer epidemic, with more than a million new cases a year by 2020. Raising awareness of the threat is one of the biggest challenges facing the global health community today. Finding solutions is an even greater one. The University of Oxford's Africa-Oxford Cancer Consortium (AfrOx), together with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), is assembling some of the world's most prominent cancer experts and policymakers in London, UK, on 10-11 May, 2007, to take up the challenge. Cancer care services in Africa are desperately limited. Life-saving radiotherapy, which is used effectively on more than 50% of cancer patients in the developed world, is available in only 21 of Africa's 53 countries, or to less than 20% of the total population. Lack of resources and basic infrastructure mean that millions of people have no access to cancer screening, early diagnosis, treatment or palliative care. Moreover, nearly 45% of cancer deaths in Africa are due to rampant viral infection, poor nutrition and widespread tobacco use. 'Many lives in Africa could be saved through prevention strategies and investments in comprehensive cancer control,' says Massoud Samiei, Head of the IAEA's Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT). 'PACT seeks to mobilize new resources and enable African countries to expand radiotherapy and cancer care in a sustainable manner.' The Cancer Control in Africa meeting will focus on Africa's deepening cancer crisis and develop strategies for much-needed national cancer control programmes. It will also act as a forum for cancer experts and health policymakers to evaluate priorities, guided by needs and available resources. By holding the meeting in London, the organizers hope to place the African problem at the forefront of the global health agenda and to enlist support and new funding from European governments to fight cancer in Africa through joint international programmes. 'We have a timely opportunity to

  6. Family Reunion Health Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... HEALTH GUIDE CONTENTS 19 of 23 Planning Tips Planning Tip 1. | Create a family history health chart. A Web-based tool for ... portrait can be found at familyhistory. hhs. gov . Planning Tip 2. | Develop a Family Reunion Facebook page and help family members stay ...

  7. Conferences and Family Reunions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Sutherland

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Professional associations and conferences have similarities with and differences from families and family reunions. This comparison can illustrate some ways professional associations can approach the integration of new members and the planning of conferences in order to facilitate membership development and leadership renewal. Unlike family reunions, professional conferences are not closed events that require a shared culture in order to fully participate; they are events that should show the constant change and development of practice that is representative of the profession – for both members and non-members. Some of the topics explored in the article are: making it easy for outsiders to contribute, considering the tastes of new members, making it easy to volunteer in a meaningful way, and remembering who the future of the organization is. These simple considerations will assist in opening professional associations to new participants and help them to maintain their relevance and vitality over time.

  8. Reunion Island Volcano Erupts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    On January 16, 2002, lava that had begun flowing on January 5 from the Piton de la Fournaise volcano on the French island of Reunion abruptly decreased, marking the end of the volcano's most recent eruption. These false color MODIS images of Reunion, located off the southeastern coast of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, were captured on the last day of the eruption (top) and two days later (bottom). The volcano itself is located on the southeast side of the island and is dark brown compared to the surrounding green vegetation. Beneath clouds (light blue) and smoke, MODIS detected the hot lava pouring down the volcano's flanks into the Indian Ocean. The heat, detected by MODIS at 2.1 um, has been colored red in the January 16 image, and is absent from the lower image, taken two days later on January 18, suggesting the lava had cooled considerably even in that short time. Earthquake activity on the northeast flank continued even after the eruption had stopped, but by January 21 had dropped to a sufficiently low enough level that the 24-hour surveillance by the local observatory was suspended. Reunion is essentially all volcano, with the northwest portion of the island built on the remains of an extinct volcano, and the southeast half built on the basaltic shield of 8,630-foot Piton de la Fournaise. A basaltic shield volcano is one with a broad, gentle slope built by the eruption of fluid basalt lava. Basalt lava flows easily across the ground remaining hot and fluid for long distances, and so they often result in enormous, low-angle cones. The Piton de la Fournaise is one of Earth's most active volcanoes, erupting over 150 times in the last few hundred years, and it has been the subject of NASA research because of its likeness to the volcanoes of Mars. Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC

  9. IAEA Nobel Prize money fights cancer crisis in Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To fight the looming cancer crisis in Africa, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is assembling many of the world's leading cancer experts in Cape Town on 11-16 December. Cancer is a disease that is spreading very fast in the developing world and the IAEA has come to realize that we need to do much more to combat cancer in this part of the world, says IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei in a video address to the conference. I hope this event will be the first of many events that would enable us to work together - national governments, international organisations, civil society - to help combat this dreadful disease and provide quality of life to our fellow human beings. With the support of African Nobel Laureates Nelson Mandela, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and F.W. de Klerk, this unprecedented gathering will bring together senior representatives from major national and international cancer organisations. Together with leading public figures and specialists they will assess the growing cancer burden in Africa and focus on building effective cancer control programmes at the national and regional levels. The IAEA is sponsoring the intensive workshops using funds awarded for the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize. The IAEA's Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy, or 'PACT', was established in 2004 to help achieve these goals. Building on the IAEA's 30 years of expertise in promoting radiotherapy, PACT aims to help get more cancer treatment facilities up and running in the world's developing regions, along with the trained personnel to operate them. 'PACT' is building partnerships with the WHO and other international cancer-control organisations so that the battle against cancer can be waged at country level. This includes cancer prevention, early detection, diagnosis and palliation, and more importantly education and training of professionals, says PACT Head Massoud Samiei. Current estimates suggest that several billion US$ are needed in the next 10 to 15 years if the

  10. IAEA Nobel Prize money fights cancer crisis in Latin America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    established in 2004 to help developing nations combat the growing cancer crisis. Building on the IAEA's 30 years of expertise in promoting radiotherapy, PACT's goal is to help develop more cancer treatment facilities and provide the trained personnel who can operate them in the world's developing regions and ensure that they are integrated into comprehensive cancer control programmes. 'PACT is building partnerships with the WHO and other international cancer-control organisations so that the battle against cancer can be waged at country level,' says the Head of PACT, Massoud Samiei. 'This entails a broad multi-disciplinary approach that includes cancer prevention, early detection, diagnosis, treatment and palliation and, more importantly, education and training of professionals.' The IAEA's share of the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize award is also being devoted to training personnel from developing countries in the fight against cancer and malnutrition. Current estimates suggest that several billion US$ are needed if the cancer crisis in low and middle-income nations is to be contained effectively. Initial funding for PACT comes from the IAEA and several non-traditional donors. PACT seeks to raise donor awareness of the cancer problem to mobilize new resources and enable developing countries to introduce, expand or improve their cancer control planning and programming, to provide services in a sustainable manner. The meeting opens at 09.00 on Monday, 23 April, at Roffo Hospital. At 10.45, there will be a press conference/panel discussion with opening session speakers. These include: Juan Antonio Casas-Zamora, Director, Division for Latin America, Department of Technical Cooperation, IAEA; Massoud Samiei, Head, PACT Programme Office, Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT), IAEA; Jose Antonio Pages, PAHO/WHO Representative, Argentina; R. Sankaranarayanan, Head, Screening Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC); Elmer Huerta, President-elect, American Cancer

  11. A silent crisis: Cancer treatment in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A dramatic rise in cancer across the developing world is stretching already limited resources and equipment. Shortages of qualified staff and equipment are growing constraints to treating cancer effectively. Some 5,000 radiotherapy machines are presently needed to help patients fight cancer. But the entire developing world has only about 2,200 such machines. Experts predict a long-term crisis in managing cancer, with an estimated five million new patients requiring radiation therapy every year. Meeting the challenge is not simply a matter of providing appropriate equipment. There must be sufficient trained and knowledgeable staff with clinical and medical physics expertise to deliver a safe and effective radiation dose. Appropriate facilities and radiation protection infrastructure for monitoring and regulatory control are needed. Moreover, cancer treatment must be carried out in a comprehensive context of prevention, early diagnosis, and adequate follow-up care. Providing essential equipment and training of staff to safely treat cancer patients in the developing world is of increasing importance to the IAEA. The Agency has assisted Ethiopia, Ghana, Mongolia, Namibia, and Uganda in establishing their first radiotherapy facilities. The IAEA also provides ongoing support to some 80 developing Member States in upgrading their radiotherapy facilities and providing staff with suitable training. Dosimetry and medical physics are an integral part of any medical treatment that uses ionizing radiation. With computerization, improved techniques are increasingly being used in developing countries to plan and treat patients in a wide range of medical therapies including teletherapy, brachytherapy, and the use of open drinkable or injectable sources. The IAEA works in partnership with the World Health Organisation (WHO) on most of its cancer projects. The WHO works to address the full spectrum of the health-disease continuum from prevention to end-of-life care. The role of the

  12. Family Reunions: Broadened Kinship, Celebrated Rurality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Menasche

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This articletakes family reunions held among peasants as a focus of study. During these events,keycultural categories come to light from which the analyzed group builds up ideas about kinship and also the relations that are implied in it. We observe that, in these cases, there are also indications of specific elements through which people express a valorization of rurality. To carry out this study, we collected data as part of an ethnographic research project conducted at a family reunion and in a rural community settled by German descendent immigrants, located in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil

  13. Radon in soil measurements related to the activity of the 'Piton de la Fournaise' volcano, La Reunion island (France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A radon in soil SSNTD monitoring network has been placed at the summit of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Reunion island) since July 83. Anomalies in radon concentration have been analyzed taking into account radon fluctuations due to rainfall perturbations. For the June 85 volcanic crisis a correlation for space and time evolutions of radon with ground deformation, seismicity and eruptive fracturation has been established. Radon anomalies appear earlier and larger for stations closer to the intrusion. (author)

  14. Volcano Analog Exploration Opportunities in Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pignolet, Guy; Bertil, Alain; Huet, Patrice

    While general information has already been given in previous papers about the SALM (Moon Mars Analogue Site) in Reunion Island, this status papers gives more useful details with : - a survey of Lava Tubes and other volcanic structures at Piton de la Fournaise volcano that are suitable for Moon and Mars analogue studies, - an overview of sampling and other exploration and evaluation techniques that may be tested on the analogue site for future use on Solar System bodies

  15. Glucose metabolism determines resistance of cancer cells to bioenergetic crisis after cytochrome-c release.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Huber, Heinrich J

    2011-03-01

    Many anticancer drugs activate caspases via the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Activation of this pathway triggers a concomitant bioenergetic crisis caused by the release of cytochrome-c (cyt-c). Cancer cells are able to evade these processes by altering metabolic and caspase activation pathways. In this study, we provide the first integrated system study of mitochondrial bioenergetics and apoptosis signalling and examine the role of mitochondrial cyt-c release in these events. In accordance with single-cell experiments, our model showed that loss of cyt-c decreased mitochondrial respiration by 95% and depolarised mitochondrial membrane potential ΔΨ(m) from -142 to -88 mV, with active caspase-3 potentiating this decrease. ATP synthase was reversed under such conditions, consuming ATP and stabilising ΔΨ(m). However, the direction and level of ATP synthase activity showed significant heterogeneity in individual cancer cells, which the model explained by variations in (i) accessible cyt-c after release and (ii) the cell\\'s glycolytic capacity. Our results provide a quantitative and mechanistic explanation for the protective role of enhanced glucose utilisation for cancer cells to avert the otherwise lethal bioenergetic crisis associated with apoptosis initiation.

  16. Soigner par la nature à la Réunion : l’usage des plantes médicinales comme recours thérapeutique dans la prise en charge du cancer Using Nature to Heal in the Reunion: Medicinal Plants as Therapeutic Recourse in Cancer Care Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Desprès

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les logiques profanes qui président à la consommation de plantes médicinales à l’île de la Réunion, dans le cadre de la prise en charge du cancer. Le contexte réunionnais est caractérisé par la pluralité des recours (médecine traditionnelle, biomédecine, médecines alternatives. Celle-ci est en particulier observée dans la prise en charge du cancer. Pour cette maladie dans l’immense majorité des cas, les recours se conjuguent à une prise en charge médicale. Les plantes médicinales occupent une place prépondérante au sein de la constellation de recours. Ces consommations de plantes habituellement sous forme de tisanes s’appuient sur des savoirs hérités et un habitus. Une fois le cancer diagnostiqué, certains malades vont abandonner l’usage de plantes dans la mesure où les médecins les contre-indiquent. D’autres au contraire vont consommer ces plantes afin d’accompagner la maladie ou aider à la guérison. Le rapport aux plantes apparait alors en lien avec la manière dont les malades s’inscrivent dans la prise en charge de leur maladie. Elle révèle une rupture de dépendance à l’égard de la médecine occidentale qui reste cependant partielle. L’usage des plantes peut prendre la signification d’une affirmation d’une identité culturelle dans un contexte de bouleversement de l’être provoqué par la maladie. Dans l’univers profane réunionnais, cet usage affranchi des prescriptions des tradipraticiens (tout en restant en continuité avec leurs savoirs renvoie à une démarche plus autonome dans la gestion individuelle des soins. Mais dans les deux cas, elle est un révélateur de stratégies de réappropriation de la maladie.This article analyses the profane logics underlying cancer patients’ medicinal plant consumption in the Reunion island (French department in the Indian Ocean. Care in the Réunionese context is characterized by the combined use of traditional

  17. Autistic Children's Responses to Separation and Reunion with Their Mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dissanayake, Cheryl; Crossley, Stella A.

    1997-01-01

    A study of 16 children with autism, 16 typical children, and 16 children with Downs syndrome (ages 3-6) investigated children's responses to separation and reunion with their mothers. No differences were found between groups; however, the children with disabilities showed more individual variation in separation and reunion patterns. (Author/CR)

  18. Renewable Energy in Reunion: Potentials and Outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renewable, environmentally friendly and evenly distributed across the globe, renewable energy (RES for Renewable Energy Resources) is an excellent means of taking up the global energy challenge, i.e. enabling developing countries in the south to make progress without harming the environment. Since it is particularly well suited to an island territory's character and local needs, RE is also an excellent tool that could enable France's overseas Departments and Territories to reduce their energy dependence, preserve their environment and ensure their sustainable development. In Reunion, RES benefit from marked political support and from a very favourable financial and institutional environment, which has allowed the Reunion region to become a national pioneer in the realm of thermal energy and photovoltaics. Nonetheless, RES are not a panacea as they are subject to a number of flaws. It is currently expensive and uncompetitive, intermittent and insufficiently powerful, and not always available to keep up with demand. This explains why RES cannot aspire to be a complete substitute for fossil fuels. The two energy systems complement one another to meet the region's total energy needs. This article also highlights the negative consequences of the support measures for RES (inflated costs and negative prices on the electricity markets) and underscores the need for a complementary energy policy in pricing electricity, as well as effecting energy savings, which must remain our priority. (authors)

  19. Renewable energies in the Reunion; Energies renouvelables: rendez-vous a la Reunion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vantal, A.

    2004-02-01

    In order to answer to the energy consumption increase in a context of the environmental quality, the Reunion decided an ambitious program: the energy independence in 2025. To reach this objective the island presents many trumps:the solar energy, the hydro-electric power of the sea, the biomass valorization with the sugar cane, the wind energy and the geothermal energy hopeful the Piton de la Fournaise volcano. An effort is done also concerning the energy conservation. (A.L.B.)

  20. Human Leptospirosis on Reunion Island: Past and Current Burden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Pagès

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 1953, leptospirosis has been recognized as a public health problem on Reunion Island. In 2004, was implemented a specific surveillance system that included systematic reporting and the realization of environmental investigations around hospitalized cases. Here, we present the synthesis of historical data and the assessment of 9 years of leptospirosis surveillance. From 2004 to 2012, 414 hospitalized cases were reported. Cases of leptospirosis occurred mostly during the rainy season from December to May. Approximately 41% of infections occurred at home, 12% of infections occurred during aquatic leisure and 5% of cases were linked to professional activities. Furthermore, for 41% of cases, the place of infection could not be determined due to the accumulation of residential and non-residential exposure. Most of the cases of leptospirosis were linked to rural areas or traditional, rural occupations. We did not observe a shift to recreational leptospirosis as described in some developed countries. According to the new surveillance system, the number of reported cases has regularly increased since 2004. This situation is in part due to the improvement of the system in the first years but also to a real increase in the number of detected cases due to the introduction of molecular methods and to increased biological investigation into the Dengue-like syndrome by medical practitioners on the island since the Chikungunya crisis in 2006. This increase is probably due to surveillance and diagnosis biases but need to be carefully monitored. Nevertheless, the possibility of an outbreak is always present due to climatic events, such as after the “hyacinth” hurricane in 1980.

  1. Radon in soil measurements related to the activity of the 'Piton de la Fournaise' volcano, La Reunion island (France)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seidel, J-L.; Monnin, M. (Clermont-Ferrand-2 Univ., 63 - Aubiere (France). Lab. de Physique Corpusculaire); Boneville, A.; Lenat, J.F. (CR V, IOPO, Clermont-Ferrand (France)); Delorme, H. (Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise, La Reunion (France)); Segovia, N. (Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Mexico City (Mexico))

    1988-01-01

    A radon in soil SSNTD monitoring network has been placed at the summit of the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Reunion island) since July 83. Anomalies in radon concentration have been analyzed taking into account radon fluctuations due to rainfall perturbations. For the June 85 volcanic crisis a correlation for space and time evolutions of radon with ground deformation, seismicity and eruptive fracturation has been established. Radon anomalies appear earlier and larger for stations closer to the intrusion. (author).

  2. PV production forecast in La Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubus, L.; Leboucher, V.; Garo, M.

    2010-09-01

    Photovoltaic power production is developing quickly in La Reunion (Indian Ocean). In order to integrate this fluctuating energy source into the network, reliable production forecasts are necessary from real time to day+3. Weather forecasts from standard models are in general inadequate, in particular due to too coarse resolution in this complex orography area. In this study, we use observations (Météo-France) and reanalysis (ERAinterim) fields to evaluate the potential predictability of PV production, for individual solar power plants and from the island aggregated point of view. This in particular allows to select the best weather predictors for PV production. The forecast quality of the selected fields was then established, in order to use only the interesting ones. Finally, NWPs are used to estimate which part of PV production predictability is accessible with state of the art weather forecasting models. This leads to requirements on temporal and spatial resolution of NWP to improve the forecast quality.

  3. Space Radar Image of Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This radar image shows the volcanic island of Reunion, about 700 km (434 miles) east of Madagascar in the southwest Indian Ocean. The southern half of the island is dominated by the active volcano, Piton de la Fournaise. This is one of the world's most active volcanoes, with more than 100 eruptions in the last 300 years. The most recent activity occurred in the vicinity of Dolomieu Crater, shown in the lower center of the image within a horseshoe-shaped collapse zone. Recent lava flows appear in shades of red, purple and orange. Light green areas are heavily vegetated forest, while much of the purple area near the coast is farmland. The radar illumination is from the left side of the image and dramatically emphasizes the precipitous cliffs at the edges of the central canyons of the island. These canyons are remnants from the collapse of formerly active parts of the volcanoes that built the island. This image was acquired by the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on October 5, 1994. The image is centered at 21.2 degrees south latitude, 55.6 degrees east longitude. The area shown is approximately 50 km by 80 km (31 miles by 50 miles). North is toward the upper right. Colors are assigned to different frequencies and polarizations of the radar as follows: red is L-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received; green is L-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received; and blue is C-band horizontally transmitted, vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian and United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth.

  4. CPAFFC Delegation Visits Mauritius,Madagascar and La Reunion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang; Ruimin

    2014-01-01

    <正>In April,2014,a CPAFFC delegation led by Vice President Feng Zuoku visited Mauritius,Madagascar and the French overseas territory la Reunion.It held meetings with Rajkeswur Purryag,President of Mauritius,Michael Yeung Sik Yuen,Mauritian Minister of Tourism and Leisure,Didier Robert,President of the Regional Council of la Reunion,Gilbert Anette,Mayor of Saint-Denis City,and Ny Hasina Andriamanjato,Mayor of Tananarive City.President Rajkeswur Purryag

  5. Beyond Diglossia? Language Attitudes and Identity in Reunion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakes, Leigh

    2013-01-01

    The increased status that Creole has enjoyed in Reunion over the last decade, coupled with more positive attitudes towards the language, has led to suggestions that diglossia may be giving way to a more balanced French-Creole bilingualism. Building on recent research indicating that the new-found status may be largely symbolic, the present article…

  6. Rickettsia and Bartonella Species in Fleas from Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieme, Constentin; Parola, Philippe; Guernier, Vanina; Lagadec, Erwan; Le Minter, Gildas; Balleydier, Elsa; Pagès, Frederic; Dellagi, Koussay; Tortosa, Pablo; Raoult, Didier; Socolovschi, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    Rickettsia felis, Rickettsia typhi, and Bartonella DNA was detected by molecular tools in 12% of Rattus rattus fleas (Xenopsylla species) collected from Reunion Island. One-third of the infested commensal rodents captured during 1 year carried at least one infected flea. As clinical signs of these zoonoses are non-specific, they are often misdiagnosed. PMID:25646263

  7. Test for a sign and crisis of breast cancer with hair. Its early detection by orbital fluorescent X-ray

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Principles of the test and detection in the title are described. The history of systemic intracellular metals is represented in the hair along its length because hair grows at about 0.3 mm/day, and authors, with fluorescent X-ray, analyzed calcium and other metal contents in hair along its length to know the history above. Synchrotron radiation X-ray originated from the Spring-8 BL-24XU was made monochromatic (20 keV) to irradiate the hair along the length and the generated fluorescent X-ray was analyzed for metal contents by a multi-channel pulse height analyzer. Hair specimens were obtained from 11 patients with hepatoma, 17 with breast cancer and 25 healthy volunteers. Authors first found the constancy of calcium content in hair probably because Ca is one of signal transduction substances, and then discovered the abnormality of Ca in 1 year prior to the crisis of the breast cancer: its level in those patients' hairs was normally lowest at the root and gradually (corresponding to the period 8-12 months) increased to abnormally high value at the tip top. This gives an important implication of possible prognostication and protection of the breast cancer crisis if the content is periodically tested: hair analysis described herein may contribute to cost reduction of medicare. (T.I.)

  8. Sickle Cell Crisis (Pain Crisis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Sickle Cell Crisis (Pain Crisis) KidsHealth > For Teens > Sickle Cell ... A A A Text Size What Is a Sickle Cell Crisis? Sickle cell disease changes the shape of ...

  9. Counsel meetings about the White book on energies; Reunion de concertation sur le livre blanc sur les energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maillard, D

    2003-12-01

    These reunions aim to discuss the opinion of experts on the energy about the law project on the energies, integrated in the White Book. The first reunion concerns the control of the energy demand, the second reunion is devoted to the territory and social solidarities, the renewable energies development and the situation of Corsica and the overseas territories. The third reunion deals with the supply security. (A.L.B.)

  10. Uveka: a UV exposure monitoring system using autonomous instruments network for Reunion Island citizens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sébastien, Nicolas; Cros, Sylvain; Lallemand, Caroline; Kurzrock, Frederik; Schmutz, Nicolas

    2016-04-01

    Reunion Island is a French oversea territory located in the Indian Ocean. This tropical Island has about 840,000 inhabitants and is visited every year by more than 400,000 tourists. On average, 340 sunny days occurs on this island in a whole year. Beyond these advantageous conditions, exposure of the population to ultraviolet radiation constitutes a public health issue. The number of hospitalisations for skin cancer increased by 50% between 2005 and 2010. Health insurance reimbursements due to ophthalmic anomalies caused by the sun is about two million Euros. Among the prevention measures recommended by public health policies, access to information on UV radiation is one of the basic needs. Reuniwatt, supported by the Regional Council of La Reunion, is currently developing the project Uveka. Uveka is a solution permitting to provide in real-time and in short-term forecast (several hours), the UV radiation maps of the Reunion Island. Accessible via web interface and smartphone application, Uveka informs the citizens about the UV exposure rate and its risk according to its individual characteristics (skin phototype, past exposure to sun etc.). The present work describes this initiative through the presentation of the UV radiation monitoring system and the data processing chain toward the end-users. The UV radiation monitoring system of Uveka is a network of low cost UV sensors. Each instrument is equipped with a solar panel and a battery. Moreover, the sensor is able to communicate using the 3G telecommunication network. Then, the instrument can be installed without AC power or access to a wired communication network. This feature eliminates a site selection constraint. Indeed, with more than 200 microclimates and a strong cloud cover spatial variability, building a representative measurement site network in this island with a limited number of instruments is a real challenge. In addition to these UV radiation measurements, the mapping of the surface solar radiation

  11. Crisis Budgeting

    OpenAIRE

    Allen Schick

    2009-01-01

    Budgeting is fundamentally altered, if only temporarily, by pressures that overwhelm established policies and practices. This article discusses conventional and non-conventional responses to crisis, and how crisis impacts on the budget process. Just as crisis has mobilised governments to take global actions that spill beyond national boundaries, the aftermath of crisis will spur them to harmonise and integrate budget policies that affect the international financial system.

  12. Effectiveness of a Brief Health Education Intervention for Breast Cancer Prevention in Greece Under Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyriakoula Merakou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevalence rates in breast cancer have now reached epidemic levels. One of the main reasons behind onset of breast cancer is poor preventive beliefs and behavior of women towards cancer prevention. We examined the effectiveness of health education intervention in two communities of South Greece.Objective: The study investigates the effectiveness of a brief health education intervention on women’s beliefs and behaviour changes concerning breast cancer prevention.Methodology: A 90-minute, one-off encounter, health education study was designed for 300 women from Peloponissos, South Greece. A Health Belief Model questionnaire, was used before the intervention, immediately after and 6-months after the intervention.Results: Despite certain perception-related barriers (embarrassment, anxiety, ect women’s overall beliefs towards breast cancer prevention (perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits and perceived barriers changed positively after the health education intervention and this change was sustained at 6-month follow up. However, specific barriers (embarrassment, fear of pain, anxiety when anticipating tests’ results were not maintained at the same level of post-intervention during the same follow up. During the follow up period, women performed breast self-examination every month (73% and 55.10% had breast examination by a clinician and underwent a mammography.Conclusions: Short, low cost, health education interventions for breast cancer prevention to women can be effective in changing beliefs and behaviour. Tailored interventions are necessary to overcome relapsing of specific barriers. Emphasis should be given on the importance of doctor/nurse role in breast screening.

  13. Crisis, Social Support, and the Family Response: Exploring the Narratives of Young Breast Cancer Survivors

    OpenAIRE

    Snyder, Karrie Ann; Pearse, William

    2010-01-01

    This article explores how 70 younger women diagnosed with breast cancer draw on social support resources. We found that most respondents’ core support networks were their families and social support came in several forms including emotional, tangible, and informational. However, we also found that many of our respondents relied on a distinct form of social support, experiential support, which has not been identified in current research. Experiential support is defined as a relationship with s...

  14. Research and Design of Sleeve Detach and Reunion Drive Mechanism of Screw Melt Extruder Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiude ZHANG

    2012-01-01

    The design of sleeve detach and reunion drive device of screw melt ex- truder equipment was optimized, based on the present installation of hygraulic drive device to achieve the mechanical opening and closing of the sleeve, the dynamic model of the sleeve detach and reunion drive was theoretically measured, and it was verified that the device is simple to operate and convenient to maintain, thus it has great social values.

  15. Fleas of small mammals on Reunion Island : diversity, distribution and epidemiological consequences

    OpenAIRE

    Guernier, Vanina; Lagadec, Erwan; LeMinter, Gildas; Licciardi, Séverine; Balleydier, Elsa; Pagès, Frédéric; Laudisoit, Anne; Dellagi, Koussay; Tortosa, Pablo

    2014-01-01

    The diversity and geographical distribution of fleas parasitizing small mammals have been poorly investigated on Indian Ocean islands with the exception of Madagascar where endemic plague has stimulated extensive research on these arthropod vectors. In the context of an emerging flea-borne murine typhus outbreak that occurred recently in Reunion Island, we explored fleas' diversity, distribution and host specificity on Reunion Island. Small mammal hosts belonging to five introduced species we...

  16. Peche artisanale sur DCP et peche palangriere a la Reunion: antagonisme ou complementarite?

    OpenAIRE

    Tessier, E.; Poisson, Francois

    2000-01-01

    More than ten years after its launching, an evaluation of the results of the FADs programme carried on in Reunion Island has been made. Its implementation and its impact on artisanal fishery in Reunion Island have been analysed. This analysis demonstrates that, following a continuously ascending phase, the production of fish caught on fads has reached a plateau. Parallel to the FAD-associated fishery, the longline fishery has developed since 1991. This type of fishery includes production unit...

  17. Managing crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Bakacsi, Gyula

    2010-01-01

    The traditional approach to crisis management suggest autocratic leadership, that has risks anyway (leader is the bottle-neck of problem solving, single-loop learning, crisis management is a matter of efficiency). However, managing nowadays crisis is rather effectiveness issue, and requires double-loop learning (second-order change) and leadership role in the sense of Kotter’s theory. Paper discusses the top-management’s leadership responsibilities, and their special tasks in the problem solv...

  18. Multiple Myeloma in Post Nuclear Accident Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Wiwanitkit, Somsri; Wiwanitkit, Viroj

    2012-01-01

    The problem of 2011 nuclear accident crisis draws attention of physicians and medical scientists around the world. The cancer induction is an important adverse effect of exposure to radionuclide. In this specific article, the multiple myeloma, an important hematological cancer, in the post nuclear accident crisis will be discussed.

  19. Crisis Response

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    East Asian countries consider a financial alliance tostabilize the regional economy East Asian financial cooperation has come under the spotlight once again amid the spiraling global financial crisis originated in the

  20. Crisis communication

    OpenAIRE

    Franěk, Petr

    2011-01-01

    This thesis looks into the crisis communication of the flood authorities and of the integrated rescue system bodies with the population in the city of Pilsen during the floods in 2002. Its main objective is to identify the control and functionality weaknesses of the communication and warning system for the population based on an analysis of the course of crisis communication and the results of a survey and suggest new locations and elements of this system within the area of the Statutory city...

  1. Euro Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Prokopijević Miroslav

    2010-01-01

    It is argued the current eurozone crisis is neither new nor surprising. Fiscal discipline in the eurozone was weak from its creation in 1999, but ongoing economic prosperity limited the damage. Economic recession deepened the impact of crisis on public finance and pushed some eurozone countries to the edge of bankruptcy. Options available now are costly and painful: foreign bailouts, cuts to expenditures, higher revenues and some combination of the three. They may be conducted both inside and...

  2. Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄骅

    2012-01-01

      Financial crisis started from America and soon spread all over the world. How did this happen? What government has done to rescue the economy and what should we do to help? Is financial crisis inevitable? These questions have bothered me for a long time. However, if we use a macroeconomist eye to view the world, all the questions seemed clear and crystal.

  3. Crisis Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Bernth, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    This project deals with the usage of crisis communication in a case study of SAS and Maersk, when they were both indicted for illegally fixing prices on cargo airlines in 2001. This is done through analyzing the messages and publicity of the two companies in the media and applying theoretical tools from communication. The theoretical tools are divided into rhetorical and crisis communication theory, where framing, persuasion and issue management is applied. The project sheds light on how ...

  4. Diversity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated in humans, companion animals, and the environment in Reunion Island: an exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Pailhoriès

    2015-08-01

    Conclusions: This study shows that A. baumannii strains are present outside the hospital setting in Reunion Island and show great diversity. Further studies are needed to explore these extra-hospital reservoirs of A. baumannii in Reunion Island in greater detail and to determine their possible means of dissemination.

  5. TIMES model for the Reunion Island: addressing reliability of electricity supply

    OpenAIRE

    Drouineau, Mathilde; Maïzi, Nadia; Assoumou, Edi; Mazauric, Vincent

    2010-01-01

    The Reunion Island aims to have in 2030 an energy consumption based to 100% on renewable energy sources. In 2008, the total primary energy consumption was 1295 ktoe, and as most of small islands, the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper focuses on the target applied to the electricity sector, where the current use of renewable energy sources is 36%. To build plausible options for future energy systems, we rely on long-term planning models { such as th...

  6. family reunion family reunion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Gerlarch

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available What happened to the kamikaze pilots the split second before impact, Reggie wondered to himself as he sat on the toilet contemplating two, white fleshy wrists and a shiny new razor blade held delicately between the thumb and forefinger of his right hand. Did they shit themselves? Reggie had shitted himself once - when he was ill and not in proper control. "I'm not in proper control of myself," Reggie explained, quite candidly as the doctor had asked him to. The doctor agreed. What happened to the kamikaze pilots the split second before impact, Reggie wondered to himself as he sat on the toilet contemplating two, white fleshy wrists and a shiny new razor blade held delicately between the thumb and forefinger of his right hand. Did they shit themselves? Reggie had shitted himself once - when he was ill and not in proper control. "I'm not in proper control of myself," Reggie explained, quite candidly as the doctor had asked him to. The doctor agreed.

  7. family reunion family reunion

    OpenAIRE

    Guy Gerlarch

    2008-01-01

    What happened to the kamikaze pilots the split second before impact, Reggie wondered to himself as he sat on the toilet contemplating two, white fleshy wrists and a shiny new razor blade held delicately between the thumb and forefinger of his right hand. Did they shit themselves? Reggie had shitted himself once - when he was ill and not in proper control. "I'm not in proper control of myself," Reggie explained, quite candidly as the doctor had asked him to. The doctor agreed. What happened to...

  8. La crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Alan Greenspan

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo revisa las causas de la crisis, explora la naturaleza de la intermediación financiera, presenta un conjunto de reformas para superar las deficiencias de la estructura reguladora y examina el papel de la política monetaria en la crisis actual. Concluye que es primordial aumentar los requerimientos regulatorios de capital y de liquidez de los bancos e incrementar en forma significativa las garantías obligatorias de los productos financieros que se negocian globalmente.

  9. Euro crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokopijević Miroslav

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It is argued the current eurozone crisis is neither new nor surprising. Fiscal discipline in the eurozone was weak from its creation in 1999, but ongoing economic prosperity limited the damage. Economic recession deepened the impact of crisis on public finance and pushed some eurozone countries to the edge of bankruptcy. Options available now are costly and painful: foreign bailouts, cuts to expenditures, higher revenues and some combination of the three. They may be conducted both inside and outside the eurozone. If eurozone problems are not solved, financial markets may turn down the euro as a currency, possibly marking the beginning of Euro-disintegration.

  10. Les individus face à l’événement « cancer » Individuals facing cancer : an acute crisis becoming chronical within the family and the workplace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Pourtau

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Notre analyse porte sur les effets du cancer sur les temporalités collectives que sont la vie familiale et le travail. Cette pathologie a toujours engendré une crise biographique au moment de son apparition. Cependant sa chronicisation, produit de l’évolution de la cancérologie ces quarante dernières années, a modifié les effets sociaux qu’elle engendre. À part quelques cancers comme celui de l’œsophage, du foie ou du pancréas, le cancer n’est plus une maladie aiguë induisant une forte mortalité à court terme. Cependant, des traitements à l’issue incertaine peuvent souvent durer des années et se montrer handicapants et stigmatisants. Les temporalités collectives, partagées entre les malades et leur entourage, se disloquent, entraînant des disjonctions temporelles et l’isolement social du malade. La dimension écliptique de la maladie, avec ses rémissions et ses rechutes, engendre des répétitions de la crise biographique.In this article, we present arguments on the impact of cancer on the collective experience of time within two main social institutions, family and the workplace. This disease always provokes a biographic crisis when it appears. Nevertheless, as medical technology progresses, cancer is becoming a chronic disease, and the social effects of cancer are changing. It is no longer the same disease with a short-term risk of death. Treatments can last for years with uncertain results and induce handicap or social stigma. The collective experiences of time, shared between the sick person and her family and friends, tend to break up, entailing time breaks and leading to the social isolation of the patient. The ecliptic dimension of the disease, with its remissions and relapses, gives rise to repeated biographic crisis.

  11. Crisis meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      To all CERN staff: your rights are at risk ! We invite you to come to a crisis meeting on Wednesday 2nd April at 10:30 a.m., Auditorium, Main Building, Meyrin site. Your presence is crucial, we are ALL concerned !

  12. Crisis meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    To all CERN staff: your rights are at risk! We invite you to come to a crisis meeting on Thursday 7th May 2015 at 9 a.m., Auditorium, Main Building, Meyrin site. Your presence is crucial, we are ALL concerned!

  13. Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents summaries of four articles relevant to school crisis response. The first article, "Peritraumatic Dissociation Predicts Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Following Accidents" summarized by Jim Matthews, suggests that peritraumatic dissociation is a powerful predictor of PTSD symptoms among youth who have been in a car accident. The…

  14. Biological Invasions of Geminiviruses: Case Study of TYLCV and Bemisia tabaci in Reunion Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Michel Lett

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last 20 years, molecular ecology approaches have proven to be extremely useful to identify and assess factors associated with viral emerging diseases, particularly in economically and socially important tropical crops such as maize (maize streak disease and cassava (cassava mosaic disease. Molecular ecology approaches were applied in Reunion Island to analyze the epidemic of tomato yellow leaf curl disease, which has been affecting the island since the end of the 1990s. Before the invasive biotype B (currently known as Middle East-Asia Minor 1 cryptic species of Bemisia tabaci spread across the world, Reunion Island (South West Indian Ocean only hosted an indigenous biotype of B. tabaci, Ms (currently known as Indian Ocean cryptic species. Wild hybrids between invasive and indigenous species were subsequently characterized over multiple generations. Endosymbiont analysis of the hybrid population indicated that matings were non-random. Similarly, while no indigenous begomoviruses have ever been reported on Reunion Island, the two main strains of one of the most damaging and emerging plant viruses in the world, the Mild and Israel strains of the Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV-Mld and TYLCV-IL, were introduced in 1997 and 2004 respectively. While these introductions extensively modified the agricultural landscape of Reunion Island, they also provided an invaluable opportunity to study the ecological and genetic mechanisms involved in biological invasion and competition.

  15. Parasite communities in eels of the Island of Reunion (Indian Ocean): a lesson in parasite introduction

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sasal, P.; Taraschewski, H.; Valade, P.; Grondin, H.; Wielgoss, S.; Moravec, František

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 102, č. 6 (2008), s. 1343-1350. ISSN 0932-0113 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA524/06/0170 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60220518 Keywords : Anguilla * helminth * Reunion Island Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 1.473, year: 2008

  16. Corporate Crisis And Crisis Strategy Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Mia Glamuzina; Marina Lovrincevic

    2013-01-01

    Crisis creates or can create undesirable outcome for corporations. Corporation's most often response to a crisis is implementation of a radical change, which represents management's reaction to a direct and for survival of the company dangerous threat. Management, that implements crisis strategies, must be able to manage change during crisis. Based on the estimation of the corporation's condition and desired outcome, strategies implemented during crisis can end up with two diametrically oppos...

  17. Information Crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Losavio, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Information Crisis discusses the scope and types of information available online and teaches readers how to critically assess it and analyze potentially dangerous information, especially when teachers, editors, or other information gatekeepers are not available to assess the information for them. Chapters and topics include:. The Internet as an information tool. Critical analysis. Legal issues, traps, and tricks. Protecting personal safety and identity. Types of online information.

  18. [Response of Pharmaceutical Companies to the Crisis of Post-Marketing Clinical Trials of Anti-Cancer Agents -- Results of Questionnaires to Pharmaceutical Companies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Toshifusa

    2016-04-01

    Investigator-oriented post-marketing clinical trials of anti-cancer agents are faced to financial crisis due to drastic decrease in research-funds from pharmaceutical companies caused by a scandal in 2013. In order to assess the balance of research funds between 2012 and 2014, we made queries to 26 companies manufacturing anti-cancer agents, and only 10 of 26 responded to our queries. Decrease in the fund was observed in 5 of 10, no change in 1, increase in 3 and no answer in 1. Companies showed passive attitude to carry out doctor-oriented clinical trials of off-patent drugs or unapproved drugs according to advanced medical care B program, though some companies answered to proceed approved routines of these drugs if clinical trials showed good results. Most companies declined to make comments on the activity of Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), but some insisted to produce good corroboration between AMED and pharmaceutical companies in order to improve the quality of trials. Further corroboration must be necessary for this purpose among researchers, governmental administrative organs, pharmaceutical companies, patients' groups, and mass-media. PMID:27220801

  19. Trichogramma chilonis (Hymenoptera : trichogrammatidae) as a biological control agent of Chilo sacchariphagus (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) in Reunion Island : initial field trials

    OpenAIRE

    Soula B.,; Goebel F.R.,; Caplong P.,; Karimjee H.,; Tibere R.,; Tabone, Elisabeth

    2003-01-01

    The spotted stalk borer, Chilo sacchariphagus Bojer, is a major pest of sugarcane in southern Asia, the Indian Ocean islands and Mozambique in southern Africa. Since 1999, a biological control programme has been developed on this pest in Reunion Island through a partnership between research and development organisations. Trichogramma chilonis Ishii has been shown to be the most naturally efficient parasitoid of the borer in Reunion, following a comparison of the bionomics of di...

  20. Reunion Probability of N Vicious Walkers: Typical and Large Fluctuations for Large N

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schehr, Grégory; Majumdar, Satya N.; Comtet, Alain; Forrester, Peter J.

    2013-02-01

    We consider three different models of N non-intersecting Brownian motions on a line segment [0, L] with absorbing (model A), periodic (model B) and reflecting (model C) boundary conditions. In these three cases we study a properly normalized reunion probability, which, in model A, can also be interpreted as the maximal height of N non-intersecting Brownian excursions (called "watermelons" with a wall) on the unit time interval. We provide a detailed derivation of the exact formula for these reunion probabilities for finite N using a Fermionic path integral technique. We then analyze the asymptotic behavior of this reunion probability for large N using two complementary techniques: (i) a saddle point analysis of the underlying Coulomb gas and (ii) orthogonal polynomial method. These two methods are complementary in the sense that they work in two different regimes, respectively for L≪ O(sqrt{N}) and L≥ O(sqrt{N}). A striking feature of the large N limit of the reunion probability in the three models is that it exhibits a third-order phase transition when the system size L crosses a critical value L=Lc(N)˜sqrt{N}. This transition is akin to the Douglas-Kazakov transition in two-dimensional continuum Yang-Mills theory. While the central part of the reunion probability, for L˜ L c ( N), is described in terms of the Tracy-Widom distributions (associated to GOE and GUE depending on the model), the emphasis of the present study is on the large deviations of these reunion probabilities, both in the right [ L≫ L c ( N)] and the left [ L≪ L c ( N)] tails. In particular, for model B, we find that the matching between the different regimes corresponding to typical L˜ L c ( N) and atypical fluctuations in the right tail L≫ L c ( N) is rather unconventional, compared to the usual behavior found for the distribution of the largest eigenvalue of GUE random matrices. This paper is an extended version of (Schehr et al. in Phys. Rev. Lett. 101:150601, 2008) and

  1. Crisis Communication Online

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Utz, Sonja; Schultz, Friederike; Glocka, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    Social media play in today's societies a fundamental role for the negotiation and dynamics of crises. However, classical crisis communication theories neglect the role of the medium and focus mainly on the interplay between crisis type and crisis communication strategy. Building on the recently...... developed “networked crisis communication model” we contrast effects of medium (Facebook vs. Twitter vs. online newspaper) and crisis type (intentional vs. victim) in an online experiment. Using the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster as crisis scenario, we show that medium effects are stronger than...... the effects of crisis type. Crisis communication via social media resulted in a higher reputation and less secondary crisis reactions such as boycotting the company than crisis communication in the newspaper. However, secondary crisis communication, e.g. talking about the crisis communication, was higher...

  2. Efficiency of traps for Stomoxys calcitrans and Stomoxys niger niger on Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilles, J; David, J-F; Duvallet, G; De La Rocque, S; Tillard, E

    2007-03-01

    The main objective of this study was to compare the trapping efficiency of two Alsynite sticky traps (modified Williams and modified Broce) and two phtalogen blue cloth traps (Vavoua and Nzi) to be used in an integrated control programme of Stomoxys spp. (Diptera: Muscidae) on Reunion Island. Mean daily catches of these flies on two dairy farms differed significantly between the four types of trap. The Broce trap was the least efficient and had the lowest specificity for Stomoxys spp. The Vavoua, Nzi and Williams traps performed significantly better but could not be ranked on the basis of the numbers of Stomoxys caught because their respective performances differed between farms. Given the various practical criteria, it is concluded that, as control tools, blue cloth traps (Vavoua and Nzi) have practical advantages over the Williams trap. The Vavoua trap, which is less expensive and easier to use for farmers, seems adequate to complement other methods of fly control on Reunion Island. PMID:17373948

  3. Slopes instability of the Dolomieu crater in La Reunion from seismological observations and numerical modeling.

    OpenAIRE

    Hibert, Clément; Mangeney, Anne; Grandjean, Gilles; Shapiro, Nikolai M.; Dewez, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    The intensity of volcanic activity and seasonal rains associated with the instability of the natural slopes has caused many rockfalls in the Dolomieu crater located on top of the volcano Piton de la Fournaise in La Reunion Island. These phenomena, that involve individual blocks up to larger volumes, are expected to be related to the volcanic activity. The unpredictable nature and destructive power of gravitational flows make in-situ measurements extremely difficult. The seismic signal generat...

  4. Electrical structure of Plaine des Sables caldera, Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island)

    OpenAIRE

    Schnegg, P. A.

    1997-01-01

    An Audio Magnetotelluric (AMT) profile has been carried out across the Plaine des Sables, a former caldera of the active Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Reunion Island. Located in the Western Indian Ocean, between the Mascarene and Madagascar basins, this basaltic shield volcano originates from the activity of a hot spot. Our aim was to determine the internal structure of the volcano, in particular the shallow electrical properties of an area extending between the old and the new caldera rims....

  5. Longitudinal investigation of Salmonella spp. from farm to fork in the pig industry in Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Tessier, Claire; Atiana, Laura; Cardinale, Eric; Denis, Martine

    2012-01-01

    International audience Salmonella is, after Campylobacter, the most reported zoonotic pathogen in Europe. Pork meat is frequently incriminated in salmonellosis. However, asymptomatic carrying of Salmonella by pigs makes its detection difficult. Despite its tropical situation, pig industry of Reunion Island is also concerned by this public health burden. Our epidemiological study aims to identify the pathways of contamination along the pig chain industry. Three Salmonella positive farms wer...

  6. Role of natural nanoparticles on the speciation of Ni in andosols of la Reunion

    OpenAIRE

    Levard, C.; E. Doelsch; Rose, J.; Masion, A.; Basile Doelsch, I.; Proux, O.; Hazemann, J.L.; Borschneck, D.; Bottero, Jean-Yves

    2009-01-01

    Andosols on the island of Reunion have high nickel (Ni) concentrations due to the natural pedo-geochemical background. Enhanced knowledge of Ni speciation is necessary to predict the bioavailability and potential toxicity of this element. Ni speciation in these andosols, marked by the presence of high amounts of natural aluminosilicate nanoparticles, was investigated in two complementary systems: (i) In a soil sample-densimetric fractionation was first performed in order to separate the poten...

  7. Performance Evaluation of Green Roof for Thermal Protection of Buildings In Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Morau, Dominique; Libelle, Teddy; Garde, François

    2012-01-01

    International audience Green roofs provide environmental benefits by protecting buildings against solar radiation and temperature fluctuations and by reducing building's energy consumption by direct shading. Our objective was to evaluate for the first time the performance of an extensive green roof in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean) influenced by a tropical humid climate. The green roof performance was explored by evaluating its effect on temperature fluctuations and heat fluxes during the s...

  8. Wild fauna as a carrier of Salmonella in Reunion Island: Impact on pig farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tessier, Claire; Parama Atiana, Laura; Lagadec, Erwan; Le Minter, Gildas; Denis, Martine; Cardinale, Eric

    2016-06-01

    Salmonellosis is an economic burden to the livestock industry in Reunion Island. In this study, we wanted to improve our understanding of Salmonella epidemiology by studying the wild fauna of Reunion Island. We assessed Salmonella diversity in small non-flying mammals, birds and cockroaches in order to evaluate their potential role in the epidemiology of Salmonella. A total of 268 samples were collected from cockroaches, small mammals and birds. The bacteriological analyses revealed that 11.7% of non-flying mammals and 25% of cockroaches tested were Salmonella infected; two wild bird species were also detected positive. The 128 Salmonella isolates were distributed in fifteen serotypes and the most predominant were S. 4,[5],12:i:- (21.9% of positive samples) followed by S. Enteritidis (15.6%), S. Typhimurium (15.6%), S. Infantis (12.5%) and S. Weltevreden (12.5%). A total of 27 XbaI profiles were identified using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Comparison of these Salmonella strains with our collection of Salmonella isolated from pigs and pig farm environments at the same period revealed 14 strains in common between wild fauna and pigs, especially for cockroaches. Our results suggest that wild fauna of Reunion Island could be infected by strains of Salmonella also isolated from pigs or pig environment. They may play a role in both persistence and spreading of Salmonella and therefore, could be a source of infection in pig farms. Pest control against cockroaches could be a helpful tool in the reduction of Salmonella infection of pigs, limiting contacts between wild fauna and both pigs and pig environment. Special attention should be paid to S. 4,[5],12:i:- since it was predominant in Reunion Island's wild fauna and pigs and was the third most frequently reported serotype in human salmonellosis in Europe. PMID:26829358

  9. Biological Invasions of Geminiviruses: Case Study of TYLCV and Bemisia tabaci in Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Michel Lett; Bernard Reynaud; Hélène Delatte; Nathalie Becker; Pierre Lefeuvre; Magali Thierry; Frédéric Péréfarres

    2012-01-01

    In the last 20 years, molecular ecology approaches have proven to be extremely useful to identify and assess factors associated with viral emerging diseases, particularly in economically and socially important tropical crops such as maize (maize streak disease) and cassava (cassava mosaic disease). Molecular ecology approaches were applied in Reunion Island to analyze the epidemic of tomato yellow leaf curl disease, which has been affecting the island since the end of the 1990s. Before the in...

  10. FOOD CRISIS OVERLAPPING THE ECONOMIC CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    CARMEN RADU; LIVIU RADU

    2013-01-01

    The present paper seeks to find some answers regarding the existent causality between the economic, financial, demographic and food crises. Crises are interrelated, thus one crisis cannot be analyzed without the other, as the effects of one crisis are or may represent causes for another crisis. The current food crisis translates today in food price increases, in the health of the population that does not have enough resources for a balanced diet and in obesity problems of the young generation...

  11. Gender roles and/or styles in crisis: an integrative analysis of the experiences of fathers of children with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesler, M A; Parry, C

    2001-05-01

    Despite a proliferation of research with families of children with cancer and gender differences in parental coping, few studies have explicitly explored the experiences of fathers of children with cancer. Using several different data collection efforts, including semistructured in-depth interviews and open workshops, this integrative analysis views fathers' experiences through the lens of gender. Findings suggest that fathers' experiences can be understood as influenced by gender identities, gender roles, and the gendered organization of support systems, employment, and health care institutions. The results suggest the need for interventions that provide fathers and entire families with the opportunity to develop new skills and coping strategies for dealing with the stresses and challenges of childhood cancer. PMID:11339080

  12. Crisis management and crisis prevention

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that many proposals have come forth to ease the tension between East and West. Some focus on arms developments, others take up diplomatic issues. In addition, some have raised the question of crisis management and crisis prevention. Can crises be prevented even before they have taken place? The Palme Commission on Disarmament and Security suggested, in its 1982 report, ways of restraining superpower involvement in Third World conflicts. Such conflicts, it was argued, could escalate and ultimately result in nuclear confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. Certainly, the commission also paid attention to conflicts over issues in Europe and to problems in Eastern or in Western Europe. However, the commission raised a question that lately has received increasing attention: the dangers of superpower confrontation over Third World issues. In his statement to the United Nations on 24 October 1985, President Regan pointed to the need for settling regional conflicts as they play a large role in building suspicions and tensions. Regan's initiative explicitly concerned Afghanistan, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Angola and Nicaragua. It included negotiations with the Soviet Union over Afghanistan, and, at a later stage, also over other issues. The goal, he the, was not to force a settlement on the parties. The initiative concerned issues that have for the American public, justified armaments and reduced Soviet credibility

  13. Is La Reunion island volcanic complex a perfect cone? If so, what it implies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, K.; Villeneuve, N.; Deplus, C.; Bachelery, P.

    2013-12-01

    The morphology of La Reunion island as well as the interactions between the different volcanoes that composed this volcanic island have been the subject of several articles in the past. These studies mostly focused on landscapes of the region in order to explain how they have been formed by using geomorphological, geophysical or geochemical approaches. Recently high resolution bathymetry acquisition during oceanographic cruises FOREVER and ERODER allowed to perform very fine analyses of sea floor morphologies around the Island. In the present work, we propose using this high resolution bathymetry combined with aerial LIDAR Digital Elevation Model (performed by the French Institut Geographique National), a large-scale study of La Reunion Island Volcanic complex in which the whole volcanic cone of ˜5.01 104 Km3, from the deep sea floor (4200 m deep) to the higher summit at 3070 m was modeled. The motivation of this study was based on some evidence that the shape and the size of volcanoes resulting from complex evolutions can be close to a perfect cone. As a technical novelty, we use a simple topographic/geometric approach All the morphometric analyzes are based on the perfect cone and volcanic edifice comparison. For a perfect cone, a transect crossing the summit is the line of symmetry. As a result, if we cut the cone in two equivalent parts, the first half part is perfectly overlapping the second one. We call this: "mirror effect". We analyzed 30 cross sections (each other separated by 6° angle rotation), 200 km long, centered on the current summit of the Piton des Neiges. Moreover, we applied the "mirror effect" in order to compare the North-Western and the South-Eastern parts of La Reunion. The outcomes of our geometric analysis of La Reunion volcanic complex are (i) debris flows and erosion morphologies play a relatively minor role in the final shape of La Reunion volcanic complex, (ii) the omnipresence of Piton des Neiges volcano compare to visible and non

  14. Crisis Communication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author discusses how one of the strongest examples of how destructive poor crisis communications can be the Three Mile Island accident of March 1979. This was an event that was minimal in its physical effects on the public and environment beyond the walls of that nuclear power plant. However, the emotional trauma on the local public, the economic impact on area businesses and property owners, and the long term impact on the entire nuclear utility industry were great. Approximately 80,000 people as far as 15 miles from the plant evacuated over a weekend. There have been no new orders for nuclear plants and many cancellations since the event 10 years ago. This paper presents an analysis of the accident at Three Mile Island

  15. CRISIS COMMUNICATION IN UNIVERSITIES

    OpenAIRE

    MADRAN, Canan; PENPECE, Dilek

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Institutions should implement effective crisis communication strategies to manage their reputations in crisis situations. Thus, the negative perceptions that may occur because of crisis can be reduced and eliminated by continuously informing stakeholders. Therefore, various researches are needed in the area of crisis communication management. The aim of the study is to determine the types of crises that often occur in universities and evaluate the crisis communication efforts in high...

  16. ADVERTISING COMMUNICATION DURING CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia-Mihaela Pavel Ph. D Student

    2010-01-01

    Crisis communication and advertising communication are a priori diametrically opposed. Advertising is not the appropriate tool in times of crisis, but offers prospects that other tools do not possess. Despite its many faults, advertising can help a ″classic″ crisis communication. We will try to confront the general conclusions drawn about the relevance of the crisis advertising, with a particular situation, the global automotive market, customizing by the study of the crisis advertising playe...

  17. Hypertensive crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubenstein, E B; Escalante, C

    1989-07-01

    Hypertensive crisis is an acute emergency requiring aggressive management. Its incidence has decreased in recent years but still is prevalent in the medical community. From review of past and present treatment regimens, the following recommendations can be considered. (1) In the treatment of malignant hypertension with associated CHF, sodium nitroprusside is still an excellent agent. It has a rapid onset of action and blood pressure can be easily titrated. Nitroglycerin is also another agent that can be used in this situation. (2) In the treatment of malignant hypertension with associated aortic dissection, trimethophan camsylate is the preferred agent. An alternative choice is the combination of nitroprusside and labetalol. (3) In the treatment of malignant hypertension with associated myocardial ischemia, an excellent choice is nitroglycerin. Labetalol also should be considered in this situation. (4) In the treatment of hypertension during pregnancy, hydralazine is still a good choice. Labetalol has also been shown to be efficacious. (5) In the treatment of malignant hypertension with associated cerebral ischemia, the following drugs should be considered: nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, and labetalol. The most important attribute of these agents is that they are nonsedating and rapid in onset. (6) In the treatment of postoperative hypertension the choices best suited are labetalol, enalapril, nitroprusside, and nitroglycerin. These agents are rapid in onset and all can be administered intravenously. PMID:2670090

  18. Child Emotionality and Maternal Responsiveness as Predictors of Reunion Behaviors in the Strange Situation: Links Mediated and Unmediated by Separation Distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanska, Grazyna; Coy, Katherine C.

    2002-01-01

    Examined infants' emotionality, inside and outside of the relationship with the mother, and mothers' responsiveness as predictors of reunion behaviors in the Strange Situation. Found that children's separation distress mediated influence of predictors and itself predicted reunion behaviors. When distress was controlled, some responses generally…

  19. FOOD CRISIS OVERLAPPING THE ECONOMIC CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARMEN RADU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper seeks to find some answers regarding the existent causality between the economic, financial, demographic and food crises. Crises are interrelated, thus one crisis cannot be analyzed without the other, as the effects of one crisis are or may represent causes for another crisis. The current food crisis translates today in food price increases, in the health of the population that does not have enough resources for a balanced diet and in obesity problems of the young generation (Romania ranks third among European countries. All these issues with immediate and direct effects over the population in our country determined us to conduct a rigorous and careful observation on the development of the phenomenon of food crisis. Food crisis, its causes and consequences – aging population, the migration of the active population to other countries (especially from the rural areas and the agglomeration of the disadvantaged population in certain geographical areas, can cause social and economic imbalances.

  20. Fleas of small mammals on Reunion Island: diversity, distribution and epidemiological consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guernier, Vanina; Lagadec, Erwan; LeMinter, Gildas; Licciardi, Séverine; Balleydier, Elsa; Pagès, Frédéric; Laudisoit, Anne; Dellagi, Koussay; Tortosa, Pablo

    2014-09-01

    The diversity and geographical distribution of fleas parasitizing small mammals have been poorly investigated on Indian Ocean islands with the exception of Madagascar where endemic plague has stimulated extensive research on these arthropod vectors. In the context of an emerging flea-borne murine typhus outbreak that occurred recently in Reunion Island, we explored fleas' diversity, distribution and host specificity on Reunion Island. Small mammal hosts belonging to five introduced species were trapped from November 2012 to November 2013 along two altitudinal transects, one on the windward eastern and one on the leeward western sides of the island. A total of 960 animals were trapped, and 286 fleas were morphologically and molecularly identified. Four species were reported: (i) two cosmopolitan Xenopsylla species which appeared by far as the prominent species, X. cheopis and X. brasiliensis; (ii) fewer fleas belonging to Echidnophaga gallinacea and Leptopsylla segnis. Rattus rattus was found to be the most abundant host species in our sample, and also the most parasitized host, predominantly by X. cheopis. A marked decrease in flea abundance was observed during the cool-dry season, which indicates seasonal fluctuation in infestation. Importantly, our data reveal that flea abundance was strongly biased on the island, with 81% of all collected fleas coming from the western dry side and no Xenopsylla flea collected on almost four hundred rodents trapped along the windward humid eastern side. The possible consequences of this sharp spatio-temporal pattern are discussed in terms of flea-borne disease risks in Reunion Island, particularly with regard to plague and the currently emerging murine typhus outbreak. PMID:25188026

  1. Spatio-temporal forest cover characterisation of mascareignite zones of reunion Island

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The endo-soils of the reunion island often present a particularity: the presence of a light soil level on surface, of vegetable composition, the mascareignite. In the framework of this study, mascareignite soils have been localized on the wet face of the island and have been compared with those of the dry face. The floristic past of these soils has been reconstituted with the pedo-anthracology tool (charcoal dating and identification). Ages given by the 14C measures show that the mascareignite genesis is anterior to the human being presence in the island. The study of the actual vegetable cover distribution has been realized by satellite data. (A.L.B.)

  2. The perception of sustainable development in La Reunion : between rhetoric and reality, publics policies and actors perceptions

    OpenAIRE

    Maillot, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Since 2002, three institutionnal players ad an economic player developed different policies for sustainable development in La Reunion. The Regional Council was the first to launch into with its agenda 21 and « Le Plan Réunionnais de Développement Durable ». He was followed by the General Council with the « Schéma Départemental d'Aménagement et de Développement Durable » in 2004, by La Réunion Économique in 2006 with « Reunion ïle Verte 2030 » and finally by the French State in 2007 with GERRI...

  3. Crisis Management: Research Summaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Dorman, Sally; Anderson, Luke; McNair, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    This article presents summaries of three studies relevant to school crisis response. The first report, "A Framework for International Crisis Intervention" (Sally Dorman), is a review of how existing crisis intervention models (including the NASP PREPaRE model) have been adapted for international use. The second article, "Responding…

  4. Extreme temporal homogeneity of helium isotopes at Piton de la Fournaise, Reunion Island

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ocean island basalts (OIBs) have strontium, neodymium and lead isotopic compositions that are different from those of mid-ocean-ridge basalts (MORBs) reflecting long-term differences in the chemical characteristics of the respective mantle source reservoirs. The high 3He/4He ratios at some islands such as Hawaii and Iceland indicate that these basalts come from sources that are less degassed than the source of MORB. Many islands exhibit considerable variability in Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes, but detailed studies of temporal variations in helium isotopes have been restricted to Hawaiian volcanoes - at Mauna Loa, for example, significant variations in 3He/4He have been found for the past 30,000 years. Here we report on 3He/4He ratios from Piton de la Fournaise volcano on Reunion Island. No variations are found over the long time of 360,000 years, indicating a remarkable uniformity of 3He/4He for the (large) mantle source region over this timescale. The He-Sr-Pb systematics at this island may reflect the simultaneous contribution of both recycled materials (perhaps subducted crust) and primitive components to the Reunion source. (author)

  5. Extreme temporal homogeneity of helium isotopes at Piton de la Fournaise, Reunion Island

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, D.; Lupton, J. (California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (USA). Dept. of Geological Sciences California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (USA). Marine Science Inst.); Albarede, F. (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 54 - Nancy (France). Centre de Recherches Petrographiques et Geochimiques Ecole Nationale Superieure de Geologie Appliquee et de Prospection Miniere, 54 - Nancy (France)); Condomines, M. (Clermont-Ferrand-2 Univ., 63 - Aubiere (France))

    1990-10-11

    Ocean island basalts (OIBs) have strontium, neodymium and lead isotopic compositions that are different from those of mid-ocean-ridge basalts (MORBs) reflecting long-term differences in the chemical characteristics of the respective mantle source reservoirs. The high {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios at some islands such as Hawaii and Iceland indicate that these basalts come from sources that are less degassed than the source of MORB. Many islands exhibit considerable variability in Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes, but detailed studies of temporal variations in helium isotopes have been restricted to Hawaiian volcanoes - at Mauna Loa, for example, significant variations in {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He have been found for the past 30,000 years. Here we report on {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios from Piton de la Fournaise volcano on Reunion Island. No variations are found over the long time of 360,000 years, indicating a remarkable uniformity of {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He for the (large) mantle source region over this timescale. The He-Sr-Pb systematics at this island may reflect the simultaneous contribution of both recycled materials (perhaps subducted crust) and primitive components to the Reunion source. (author).

  6. Maternal signature whistle use aids mother-calf reunions in a bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Stephanie L; Guarino, Emily; Keaton, Loriel; Erb, Linda; Jaakkola, Kelly

    2016-05-01

    Individual vocal signatures play an important role in parent-offspring recognition in many animals. One species that uses signature calls to accurately facilitate individual recognition is the bottlenose dolphin. Female dolphins and their calves will use their highly individualised signature whistles to identify and maintain contact with one another. Previous studies have shown high signature whistle rates of both mothers and calves during forced separations. In more natural settings, it appears that the calf vocalises more frequently to initiate reunions with its mother. However, little is known about the mechanisms a female dolphin may employ when there is strong motivation for her to reunite with her calf. In this study, we conducted a series of experimental trials in which we asked a female dolphin to retrieve either her wandering calf or a series of inanimate objects (control). Our results show that she used her vocal signature to actively recruit her calf, and produced no such signal when asked to retrieve the objects. This is the first study to clearly manipulate a dolphin's motivation to retrieve her calf with experimental controls. The results highlight that signature whistles are not only used in broadcasting individual identity, but that maternal signature whistle use is important in facilitating mother-calf reunions. PMID:26992371

  7. L’Italia: una crisi nella crisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'ippoliti

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article synthesises the large and extending literature on the financial and economic crisis from a Post-Keynesian point of view. The authors take on the position that the international and internal real imbalances are serious and worrying, but yet they are not the cause of the crisis or of its tremendous dimension. The flawed and insufficient regulation of finance is the prime cause of the crisis, as well as it is one of the main hindrances to expansionary macroeconomic policies that may less painfully drive developed countries out of the crisis. It then examines the most recent developments in the euro-area, claiming that we are not facing a sovereign debt crisis but rather a speculative attack on the euro. Finally, the article considers specifically the situation of Italy, currently at the hearth of such an attack, and suggests that the country was already facing critical developments before the 2007/2008 crisis. Thus, the policy measures so far suggested to exit the current stressful situation, in so far as they ignore this fact, seriously run the risk of proving insufficient or altogether noxious.  JEL Codes: B50; E12; G01Keywords: crisis, euro, sovereign, Italy, credit default swaps

  8. Learning Crisis Unit through Post-Crisis: Characteristics and Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chebbi, Hela; Pündrich, Aline Pereira

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to identify the characteristics that a crisis unit should have to achieve effective learning after crisis. Literature has identified many relations between learning organizations and crisis; yet, there is a dearth of research on specific studies about crisis units and their post-crisis learning features. Thus, this paper…

  9. Economic crisis: prelude to an energetic crisis?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recession due to the financial crisis of 2008 has stopped the world economic development and the hydrocarbons sector too. Collapse of prices, cancellation of investments, reach of a 'peak demand', the four speeches which are given here, describe these impacts and their consequences; but in scrutinizing the incentives of the crisis, they show the new role of petroleum: pretext value against the weakness of dollar and the inflation risks, speculative value for the investment funds. (O.M.)

  10. Family Reunion

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-11-01

    This podcast gives action steps and reasons to control diabetes, with a focus on African Americans.  Created: 11/1/2007 by National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.   Date Released: 11/3/2007.

  11. Central Indian Ridge and Reunion Hotspot in Rodrigues Area : Another Type of Ridge - Hotspot Interaction ?

    Science.gov (United States)

    DYMENT, J.; HEMOND, C.; GUILLOU, H.; MAIA, M.; BRIAIS, A.; GENTE, P.

    2001-12-01

    The Rodrigues Ridge is an E-W volcanic structure which extends at 19° S from the Mascarene Plateau (59° 30'E) to 100 km East of Rodrigues Island (64° 30'E). It is neither parallel to seafloor spreading flow-lines nor to the "absolute" motion of Africa in the hotspot reference frame. 39Ar-40Ar dating of dredged samples has shown that the whole ridge formed at 8-10 Ma, suggesting a rather rapid emplacement between the former position of the Reunion hotspot and the nearest segment of the CIR at 10-8 Ma. This rules out the hypothesis that the Rodrigues Ridge was progressively built near the CIR axis, at the end of a "channeled" asthenospheric flow originating from Reunion hotspot. Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes show gradual fading of the Reunion hotspot influence with increasing distance from the Mascarene Plateau. Signs for a more recent activity are the Rodrigues Island, dated about 1 Ma, and a set of recently discovered en-echelon volcanic ridges, the Three Magi and Gasitao Ridges. They extend the Rodrigues Ridge up to the CIR axis. These ridges display a clear sigmoid shape and align along an E-W direction at 19° 40'S. Another parallel, less prominent volcanic alignment is observed about 30 km north, at 19° 25'S. K-Ar dating (Cassignol method) provides ages of 0.4 and 1.8 Ma for the easternmost Gasitao Ridge. This second age is slightly younger than that of the underlying crust given by the magnetic anomalies. Isotopic compositions are intermediate between those measured on Rodrigues Ridge and the CIR axis. The lack of conjugate bathymetric feature and the age measured on the Gasitao Ridge demonstrate that it was built off axis, in the close vicinity of the CIR. The sigmoid morphology and en-echelon alignment of Three Magi and Gasitao Ridges suggest that they correspond to tension cracks filled by magmas resulting from decompression melting of underlying mantle. Repetition of such magmatic events results in increasing volume as ridges get older, in agreement with the

  12. Electrical structure of Plaine des Sables caldera, Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Schnegg

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available An Audio Magnetotelluric (AMT profile has been carried out across the Plaine des Sables, a former caldera of the active Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Reunion Island. Located in the Western Indian Ocean, between the Mascarene and Madagascar basins, this basaltic shield volcano originates from the activity of a hot spot. Our aim was to determine the internal structure of the volcano, in particular the shallow electrical properties of an area extending between the old and the new caldera rims. Although several teams had already conducted AMT work in this region a few years ago, there was a need for more a detailed, in depth survey. Our final model displays a noticeable slope of the Plaine des Sables basement oriented toward the present Fournaise summit. This slope is interpreted as resulting from successive landslides toward the ocean. We conclude that this dipping, electrically good conducting layer, probably belongs to the flat layering of an older caldera.

  13. Designing an Information System for the Preservation of the Insular Tropical Environment of Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conruyt, Noël; Sébastien, Didier; Courdier, Rémy; David, Daniel; Sébastien, Nicolas; Ralambondrainy, Tiana

    Decision-makers who wish to manage Insular Tropical Environments more efficiently need to narrow the gap between the production of scientific knowledge in universities, or other labs, and its pragmatic use by the general public and administrations. Today, one of the main challenges concerning the environment is the preservation of the biodiversity of ecosystems that suffer from urban and agricultural pressure. As we can only protect what we know, it is all the more important to share expert knowledge about habitats and species by using Internet in order to educate the public about their wealth and beauty. Based on Reunion Island, and taking into consideration an expected population growth of over 30% in the next twenty years, we are working to predict the human impact on this closed territory. To help tackle these two questions about biodiversity and land consumption, we have designed an Information System (IS) in the framework of the ETIC program. Our aim is to enhance insular tropical environment research in order to help the Reunion National Park to manage its protected territory. On the one hand, biodiversity research is handled statically, using knowledge bases and databases, to enhance Systematics and ecological university research. On the other hand, spatial planning concerns are treated dynamically, using multi-agent systems to simulate population densification movements. These software technologies have been implemented and integrated through a common architectural system in the ETIC program. They were conceived using Web Services that allow each module to communicate its functionalities and information with one another, as well as with external systems.

  14. Human Leptospirosis on Reunion Island, Indian Ocean: Are Rodents the (Only) Ones to Blame?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordonin, Colette; Le Minter, Gildas; Gomard, Yann; Pagès, Frédéric; Jaffar-Bandjee, Marie-Christine; Tortosa, Pablo; Dellagi, Koussay

    2016-01-01

    Background Although leptospirosis is a zoonosis of major concern on tropical islands, the molecular epidemiology of the disease aiming at linking human cases to specific animal reservoirs has been rarely explored within these peculiar ecosystems. Methodology/Principal Findings Five species of wild small mammals (n = 995) as well as domestic animals (n = 101) were screened for Leptospira infection on Reunion Island; positive samples were subsequently genotyped and compared to Leptospira from clinical cases diagnosed in 2012–2013 (n = 66), using MLST analysis. We identified two pathogenic species in human cases, namely Leptospira interrogans and Leptospira borgpetersenii. Leptospira interrogans was by far dominant both in clinical samples (96.6%) and in infected animal samples (95.8%), with Rattus spp and dogs being its exclusive carriers. The genetic diversity within L. interrogans was apparently limited to two sequence types (STs): ST02, identified among most clinical samples and in all rats with complete MLST, and ST34, identified in six humans, but not in rats. Noteworthy, L. interrogans detected in two stray dogs partially matched with ST02 and ST34. Leptospira borgpetersenii was identified in two clinical samples only (3.4%), as well as in cows and mice; four haplotypes were identified, of which two seemingly identical in clinical and animal samples. Leptospira borgpetersenii haplotypes detected in human cases were clearly distinct from the lineage detected so far in the endemic bat species Mormopterus francoismoutoui, thus excluding a role for this volant mammal in the local human epidemiology of the disease. Conclusions/Significance Our data confirm rats as a major reservoir of Leptospira on Reunion Island, but also pinpoint a possible role of dogs, cows and mice in the local epidemiology of human leptospirosis. This study shows that a comprehensive molecular characterization of pathogenic Leptospira in both clinical and animal samples helps to gaining

  15. Crisis Propagation and Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Ezzine, Hanene; Olivero, Bernard; Shabou, Ridha

    2009-01-01

    International audience Following the appearance of the recent scandals, the question of the efficiency of the corporate governance mechanisms to appease the financial crisis can be raised. The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of the board of directors effectiveness on the firm's ability to resist the Asian stock market crisis. The firm ability to resist the Asian stock market crisis is assessed by minimization of financial return's conditional volatility estimated by ARCH and G...

  16. Integrated crisis management exercises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes some of the steps that Mobil has taken to enhance their crisis management capability and to improve their readiness. The approach stretches from the individual plant level to Mobil's Corporate offices in Fairfax, Virginia. Some of the lessons learned from several integrated crisis management exercises are outlined and some areas where additional industry co-operation in crisis management could pay dividends are suggested

  17. LEADERSHIP AND CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Iuliu Marin Ivănescu

    2011-01-01

    The task of leading during an unremitting crisis is not an easy task. Economic crisis made possible another kind of difficulties inside companies and I refer at the crisis of the leadership. Today's transnational companies are affected by often unexpected events virtually everywhere in the world. In this unpredictable environment, leaders must be able to create and shift tactics, all the while keeping larger goals in prospect and performance results on target.

  18. ECOLOGIC CRISIS AND ECONOMIC CRISIS. IS IT A COINCIDENCE?

    OpenAIRE

    Ştefania-Diana Ioniţă-Burda; Cristian Giuseppe Zaharie; Oana-Elena Mitran-Costache

    2011-01-01

    We constantly speak about the crisis, a phenomenon which characterizes both the individual and the society. The individual is always in a crisis of time,inspiration etc. In turn, society undergoes periods of ecologic, economic, financial,social, political crisis. From among crisis forms, two of them are particularly worth noticing: the ecologic crisis and the economic crisis. Could their coexistence be a mere coincidence or maybe …?

  19. Dalla crisi finanziaria alla crisi reale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLO D’ADDA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis of 2008 is put in relation with two bubbles, financial and housing. Easy credit is at the origin of both bubbles. Risky bonds were issued to mobilize mortgages originated in the housing market, and bad bonds entered a fantastic number of institutional and private portfolios all over the world without any perception of the their risk. Unfortunately, bank credit to speculators was abundant and fed the final growth of the bubbles. When fears started to spread, the fall was immediate and expectations impaired very rapidly. The main aggregate demand components were severely curtailed and production fell as well. This is the crisis of the real economy. Fortunately, as opposed to what happened in 1929, the interventions of central banks and governments have been of an unprecedented size. The bail out of insolvent banks in particular has been providential. The exit from the current crisis, however, will surely be slow.

  20. Crisis and Regional Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dosenrode, Søren

    , Tunisia, Egypt …. ), where the crisis referred to could be humanitarian, environmental, economic, political … Europe, too, has also according to mass media, been a victim of a crisis, the financial one. Could ‘crisis’ be a beginning of enhanced regional integration? This paper will try to look at the...

  1. ABOUT THE ECONOMIC CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Tartavulea Ramona Iulia; Rujan Ovidiu

    2009-01-01

    The economic crisis that the global economy is facing nowadays has started with the financial crisis of the U.S financial system. We are talking about an unprecedented speculative boom at global level which has overcome the previous booms created by the d

  2. Opportunity From Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Africa can benefit from the global financial crisis by developing and chartering its own economic course by Zhong Weiyun THE global economic development is like a sports competition.A loss by one competitor creates the chance for another to win.The financial crisis has seen major economies in Europe and America struggling under the burden of sluggish markets,while developing

  3. Crisis Management Research Summaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    In this column, Crisis Management in the Schools Interest Group members summarize recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized was a meta-analysis of the risk factors associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adults. The second study looked at the presence of life stressors among students who were expelled…

  4. Magma crystallization and viscosity : a study of molten basalts from the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Reunion island)

    OpenAIRE

    Villeneuve, Nicolas; D. R. Neuville; Boivin, P.; Bacheery, P.; Richet, P.

    2008-01-01

    The viscosity of three molten basalts produced by fusion of lavas issued from different eruptions of the Piton de la Fournaise (La Reunion island) has been investigated above the liquidus and at high degrees of supercooling. For all basalts. crystallization took place rapidly above the glass transition range, which made static measurements problematic because of time-dependent, non-Newtonian rheology. By contrast, reproducible results were obtained in dynamic measurements made at a constant h...

  5. Rock fall photogrammetric monitoring in the active crater of Piton de la Fournaise volcano, la Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Hibert, Clément; Dewez, Thomas; Mangeney, Anne; Grandjean, Gilles; Boissier, Fabrice; Catherine, Philippe; Kowalski, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    The collapse of the active crater at Piton de la Fournaise volcano, La Reunion Island, 5th April 2007, offers a rare opportunity to observe frequent rock fall and granular landslides, and test new monitoring techniques. Events concern volumes ranging from single blocks to more massive cliff collapse. The purpose of the presentation is two fold: first, we present a comparison between a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) obtained prior to crater collapse and a DTM extracted from aerial photographs sho...

  6. Structure and morphology of the submarine flank of an active volcano: Piton de la Fournaise (Reunion Island, Indian Ocean)

    OpenAIRE

    Lenat, J-f; Bachelery, P.; Bonneville, A.; Galdeano, A; Labazuy, P.; Rousset, D.; Vincent, P.

    1990-01-01

    In 1984, a Seabeam bathymetric survey and the measurement of the gravity and magnetic fields of the submarine east flak of Piton de la Fournaise were carried out with R/V Jean Charcot . Piton de la Fournaise, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, is a basaltic shield volcano which occupies the southeastern thirdt of Reunion Island in the southwestern Indian Ocean. Most recent volcanic activity occurred within the youngest caldera and along two volcanic rift zones, which trend northea...

  7. IMPACT OF THE CLIMATE ON THE DESIGN OF LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS FOR AUSTRALIA AND REUNION ISLAND

    OpenAIRE

    Malet-Damour, Bruno

    2011-01-01

    The work presented in this paper aims to compare two different climates in Australia and Reunion Island and to identify the similarities in terms of bioclimatic design of low energy building. This approach is to perform a real evaluation of the sensation of thermal comfort in the workplace for different climates on the basis of the "bioclimatic chart" developed by Baruch Givoni. This article discusses the comparison of the thermal comfort levels obtained in the same building located in Austra...

  8. The labour market integration of refugee and family reunion immigrants: A comparison of outcomes in Canada and Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Bevelander, Pieter; Pendakur, Ravi

    2012-01-01

    This paper assesses the employment and earnings trajectories of refugee and family reunion category immigrants in Canada and Sweden using two national level sources of data. The Canadian Immigration Database (IMDB) is a file that links the intake record of post 1979 immigrants with annual taxation records. The 2007 Swedish Register Data includes information on all legal permanent residents. Using standard regression methods we compare labour force outcomes of age-sex-schooling-place of birth ...

  9. Status Of Coral Reefs In The South West Indian Ocean Island Node: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion And Seychelles

    OpenAIRE

    Bijoux, J.; Moyne-Picard, M.; Paupiah, N.; Ahamada, S.; Meunier, S; Maharavo, J.; Bigot, L.

    2002-01-01

    A regional monitoring network of the GCRMN was formed just after the major coral bleaching event in 1998. The goal was to assist the Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion and Seychelles manage their reef resources within the Regional Environment Programme of the Indian Ocean Commission. The Node is now being financed for 3 years by the Global Environment Facility (GEF and World Bank) and the European Union to continue coral reef monitoring to strengthen the capacity of nation...

  10. Notes on the biology of the bigeye scad, Selar crumenophthalmus (Carangidae) around Reunion Island, southwest Indian Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Roos, David; Roux, Olivier; Conand, François

    2007-01-01

    The main characteristics of the biology of bigeye scad were studied from commercial fishery catches around Reunion Island. Biometric relationships were calculated. The monitoring of size distribution, aggregated by month, allowed us to estimate the theoretical growth equation using the ELEFAN software. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were adjusted with a seasonal modulation: L8 = 265 mm; K = 1.64 year-1; c = 0.068; ? = 0.38. The growth of the cohort was quite high during the austral sum...

  11. Crisis Communication and Management: Surviving a Public Relations Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eramo, Eric M.

    2009-01-01

    Crisis management, or crisis communication, is never a good thing for a business to experience. It is, however, a public relations' professional moment to shine and put their honed skills to good use. A good crisis management plan is not only action during the crisis but preparation and reflection. Hiring a PR firm that deals with crisis…

  12. From oil crisis to climate crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The oil crisis in the 1970s led to the shift from oil to hydro- and nuclear power. An almost similar shift might soon come as a ''climate crisis''. A climate crisis may imply a renaissance for hydropower and nuclear power and natural gas will be used on a large scale. In Europe, natural gas is currently considered environmentally friendly. Although there is at present growing opposition to nuclear power in Sweden and Germany, this attitude may change as the result of increased focus on the costs of the alternatives. A forced phase-out of nuclear power in Europe simultaneously with a climate crisis with reduced energy production from fossil fuels is likely to entail significantly increased prices of electricity. In Norway, 98% of the country's electric power production is based on hydro power, which means that much more heating can be based on electricity than in countries in which electricity is produced by combustion of fossil fuels. Much research is in progress to find technologies that will make it possible to shift from fossil fuel energy to energy from renewable sources like solar, water, wind, biomass and geothermal energy

  13. Dalla crisi finanziaria alla crisi reale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'Adda

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available  The financial crisis of 2008 is put in relation with two bubbles, financial and housing. Easy credit is at the origin of both bubbles. Risky bonds were issued to mobilize mortgages originated in the housing market, and bad bonds entered a fantastic number of institutional and private portfolios all over the world without any perception of the their risk. Unfortunately, bank credit to speculators was abundant and fed the final growth of the bubbles. When fears started to spread, the fall was immediate and expectations impaired very rapidly. The main aggregate demand components were severely curtailed and production fell as well. This is the crisis of the real economy. Fortunately, as opposed to what happened in 1929, the interventions of central banks and governments have been of an unprecedented size. The bail out of insolvent banks in particular has been providential. The exit from the current crisis, however, will surely be slow. JEL Code: E44, G01, G10Keywords: Cultura economica, Crisi finanziaria, Regole  

  14. The Subprime Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Meriam Chihi-Bouaziz; Younes Boujelbène; Damien Bazin

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to study the contagion effects of the subprime financial crisis on the real economy of developed countries. The contagion of this crisis will be measured by increased linkages between markets after a shock has taken place (the stock market shocks, the interbank spread). The VAR model is utilized to examine the relationship between the U.S. markets and European markets on two sub-periods: a calm period and a crisis period. Our results show that the subprime financial c...

  15. Trust vs. Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten Mogensen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The three social phenomena -- norms, trust, and crisis -- are in this paper combined into one model that illustrates their function and relationship. Crisis is seen as a reaction to serious violations of expectations that leave people disoriented, insecure about situational norms, and unable to judge whom to trust. One logical solution to a crisis is to rebuild a shared understanding of the norms involved in any given context. Banking is used as a case. Central concepts are borrowed from Niklas Luhmann Trust (1968, Alf Ross Directives and Norms (1967, and Arthur G. Neal National Trauma & Collective Memory (1998.

  16. Trust vs. Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    The three social phenomena -- norms, trust, and crisis -- are in this paper combined into one model that illustrates their function and relationship. Crisis is seen as a reaction to serious violations of expectations that leave people disoriented, insecure about situational norms, and unable to...... judge whom to trust. One logical solution to a crisis is to rebuild a shared understanding of the norms involved in any given context. Banking is used as a case. Central concepts are borrowed from Niklas Luhmann Trust (1968), Alf Ross Directives and Norms (1967), and Arthur G. Neal National Trauma...

  17. The crisis of The Risky American Mortgage Credits(Subprime Crisis) - The International Financial Crisis Initiating Factor

    OpenAIRE

    Anne-Mary Rotariu

    2009-01-01

    Financial crises have begun to be a part of our daily life. The financial crisis that the whole world is dealing with presently, initiated by the USA mortgage crisis, is merely a link from a long chain of crises: the Latin American debtors’ crisis (1982), the USA savings houses crisis (1986), the Japanese banks crisis (1992), the Mexican pesos crisis (1994), the Asian crisis (1997), the Argentinean crisis (2000), the technological field crisis (2000). All these crises appeared as a result of ...

  18. Climatology of Gravity Wave Characteristics and Middle Atmosphere Thermal Structure Characteristics over Reunion Islands, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasanth, Vishnu

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, climatological characteristics of the gravity wave activities and thermal structure activities are studied using temperature profiles obtained from Rayleigh lidar located at Reunion Island (20.8°S, 55.5°E) over a period of ~14 years (1994-2007). The study has been performed over the height range from 30 to 65 km. The overall monthly mean temperature shows a maximum of 265-270K at the stratopause height region from ˜44-52km and peaks during the months of March and November. While there is no clear signature of seasonal oscillation in the stratopause height, the stratopause temperature shows distinct maxima during the periods March-April and October-November. The GW characteristics in terms of time (frequency), height (wave number) and GW associated Potential Energy and their seasonal dependences are presented. Generally, the temporal evolution of temperature profile illustrates the downward phase propagation indicating that the energy is propagating upward. The wave activity is clearly visible with the wave periods ranging from 260 min to 32 min. The dominant components have vertical wavelengths in the range of about ~4 km to 35 km. It is found that the seasonal variation of potential energy is maximum during summer in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere. A semiannual variation is seen in the gravity wave activity over all height ranges in the months of February and August.

  19. Plasmid marker rescue transformation proceeds by breakage-reunion in Bacillus subtilis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bacillus subtilis carrying a plasmid which replicates with a copy number of about 1 was transformed with linearized homologous plasmid DNA labeled with the heavy isotopes 2H and 15N, in the presence of 32Pi and 6-(p-hydroxyphenylazo)-uracil to inhibit DNA replication. Plasmid DNA was isolated from the transformed culture and fractionated in cesium chloride density gradients. The distribution of total and donor plasmid DNA was examined, using specific hybridization probes. The synthesis of new DNA, associated with the integration of donor moiety, was also monitored. Donor-specific sequences were present at a density intermediate between that of light and hybrid DNA. This recombinant DNA represented 1.4% of total plasmid DNA. The latter value corresponded well with the transforming activity (1.7%) obtained for the donor marker. Newly synthesized material associated with plasmid DNA at the recombinant density amounted to a minor portion of the recombinant plasmid DNA. These data suggest that, like chromosomal transformation, plasmid marker rescue transformation does not require replication for the integration of donor markers and, also like chromosomal transformation, proceeds by a breakage-reunion mechanism. The extent of donor DNA replacement of recipient DNA per plasmid molecule of 54 kilobases (27 kilobase pairs) was estimated as 16 kilobases

  20. Policing the Global Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William I. Robinson

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available As part of my research for a book manuscript on the crisis of global capitalism I recently finished writing (Robinson forthcoming, I decided to re-read the classic 1978 study conducted by the noted socialist and cultural theorist Stuart Hall and several of his colleagues, Policing the Crisis. The authors show in that book how the restructuring of capitalism as a response to the crisis of the 1970s - which was the last major crisis of world capitalism until the current one hit in 2008 -led in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to an "exceptional state," by which they meant a situation in which there was an ongoing breakdown of consensual mechanisms of social control and a growing authoritarianism.

  1. Emotional crisis communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.G.L.A. van der Meer; J.W.M. Verhoeven

    2014-01-01

    Organizational crises are usually highly emotional experiences for both organizations and stakeholders. Hence, crisis situations often result in emotionally charged communication between the two parties. Despite the attention of organizations and scholars to the emotions of stakeholders during crise

  2. Averting a Future Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The world has left the worst of the financial crisis behind, but memories of the meltdown have barely faded. But what made the world’s economy so vulnerable, and what kinds of lessons can we draw from it?

  3. Veterans Crisis Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... also access and download the Veterans Crisis Line Branding Guidelines for guidance on how to consistently apply ... Program ADMINISTRATION Veterans Health Administration Veterans Benefits Administration National Cemetery Administration U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs | 810 ...

  4. The Crisis of 1866

    OpenAIRE

    Marc Flandreau; Stefano Ugolini

    2014-01-01

    The collapse of Overend Gurney and the ensuing Crisis of 1866 was a turning point in British financial history. The achievement of relative stability was due to the Bank of England’s willingness to offer generous assistance to the market in a crisis, combined with an elaborate system for maintaining the quality of bills in the market. We suggest that the Bank bolstered the resilience of the money market by monitoring leverage-building by money market participants and threatening exclusion fro...

  5. Syrian Crisis and Migration

    OpenAIRE

    Pinar Yazgan; Deniz Eroglu Utku; Ibrahim Sirkeci

    2015-01-01

    With the growing insurrections in Syria in 2011, an exodus in large numbers have emerged. The turmoil and violence have caused mass migration to destinations both within the region and beyond. The current "refugee crisis" has escalated sharply and its impact is widening from neighbouring countries toward Europe. Today, the Syrian crisis is the major cause for an increase in displacement and the resultant dire humanitarian situation in the region. Since the conflict shows no signs of abating i...

  6. Crisis-Driven Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Not hit as badly as the West, East Asian and Southeast Asian countries grapple with the financial crisis from a long-term perspective Although Thailand postponed at the last minute the annual summits of East Asian and Southeast Asian leaders scheduled on April 11-12, regional cooperation will continue to forge ahead with full vigor, even more so in the context of the global financial crisis, said Chinese international studies experts.

  7. Financial Crisis (introduction)

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Cihak

    2009-01-01

    Since the bursting of the bubble in the U.S. mortgage market in 2007, the financial turmoil has spread to a wide range of other markets and economies around the world, morphing into a global financial crisis. The five articles in this special issue of the Czech Journal of Economics and Finance cover selected aspects of the crisis, including the contagion from advanced economies to emerging markets, the potential for contagion among European emerging markets, the differentiated impact of the c...

  8. CRISIS COMMUNICATION IN UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan MADRAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Institutions should implement effective crisis communication strategies to manage their reputations in crisis situations. Thus, the negative perceptions that may occur because of crisis can be reduced and eliminated by continuously informing stakeholders. Therefore, various researches are needed in the area of crisis communication management. The aim of the study is to determine the types of crises that often occur in universities and evaluate the crisis communication efforts in higher education institutions. Crises and crisis communication efforts were evaluated within the framework of media reflections in this study. Content analysis was applied in the classification of crises and responses provided for crises. As a result, the types of crises in Turkish universities were determined as campus safety, actions, protests, loss of confidential information, loss of financial opportunities, loss of key managers and personnel, staff problems, increase of accidents, slander and gossip, unnecessary explanations, rumors, damage to organization and employee reputation, terrorism, workplace violence, corruption, fire and epidemic. It is seen that universities don’t make any communicational effort regarding campus safety, staff problems, increase of accidents, corruption or fire.

  9. The 2008—2013 crisis as metastasis : a preview of the 2nd edition of The cancer stage of capitalism by Pluto Press

    OpenAIRE

    John McMurtry

    2013-01-01

    By means of selection of relevant excerpts, a preview is offered hereby of the 2nd edition of John McMurtry's prophetic 1999 book "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism", published by Pluto Press, and entitled "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism and Its Cure"

  10. The 2008—2013 Crisis as Metastasis. A Preview of the 2nd edition of The Cancer Stage of Capitalism by Pluto Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John McMurtry

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available By means of selection of relevant excerpts, a preview is offered hereby of the 2nd edition of John McMurtry's prophetic 1999 book "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism", published by Pluto Press, and entitled "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism and Its Cure"

  11. Signature of a pre-human population decline in the critically endangered Reunion Island endemic forest bird Coracina newtoni.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Salmona

    Full Text Available The exceptional biodiversity of Reunion Island is threatened by anthropogenic landscape changes that took place during the 350 years of human colonization. During this period the human population size increased dramatically from 250 to 800,000. The arrival of humans together with the development of agriculture, invasive species such as rats and cats, and deforestation has lead to the extinction of more than half of the original vertebrate species of the island. For the remaining species, significant work is being carried out to identify threats and conservation status, but little genetic work has been carried on some of the most endangered species. In the last decade theoretical studies have shown the ability of neutral genetic markers to infer the demographic history of endangered species and identify and date past population size changes (expansions or bottlenecks. In this study we provide the first genetic data on the critically endangered species the Reunion cuckoo-shrike Coracina newtoni. The Reunion cuckoo-shrike is a rare endemic forest bird surviving in a restricted 12-km(2 area of forested uplands and mountains. The total known population consists of less than one hundred individuals out of which 45 were genotyped using seventeen polymorphic microsatellite loci. We found a limited level of genetic variability and weak population structure, probably due to the limited geographic distribution. Using Bayesian methods, we identified a strong decline in population size during the Holocene, most likely caused by an ancient climatic or volcanic event around 5000 years ago. This result was surprising as it appeared in apparent contradiction with the accepted theory of recent population collapse due to deforestation and predator introduction. These results suggest that new methods allowing for more complex demographic models are necessary to reconstruct the demographic history of populations.

  12. Centro de reuniones y exposiciones - Los Ángeles (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Luckman, Asociados

    1972-04-01

    Full Text Available Its users, meeting-goers, exhibitors and visitors, find in it —with its well-studied traffic adequately equipped with signals— a basic centre for activities and a stimulus within the commercial life of the city. As well as the main hall which can accommodate 15,000 people, or for banquets, 8,000 seated at tables, there is a smaller hall, 2,232 sq. metres in size, which can also be used for exhibitions, meetings and banquets. The administration and exhibitors' offices, control room, radio, television and press rooms are on the mezzanine floor. This centre has an air about it of humanity, energy and comfort, within an elegant framework.Sus usuarios: asambleístas, expositores y visitantes, encuentran en él (con circulaciones bien estudiadas y adecuadamente señalizadas un Centro básico de actividades y un estímulo dentro de la vida comercial de la ciudad. Además de la sala principal de exposiciones, en la cual se pueden congregar 15.000 personas o celebrar banquetes para 8.000 comensales, hay otra más pequeña, de 2.232 m2, que se puede utilizar asimismo para exposiciones, reuniones y banquetes. Las oficinas de la administración, de los expositores, sala de control, salas para los medios informativos de prensa, radio y TV., están situadas en el entresuelo. Se respira en este Centro un clima humano, activo y agradable, dentro de un marco elegante.

  13. Seasonality of human leptospirosis in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean and its association with meteorological data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amélie Desvars

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a disease which occurs worldwide but particularly affects tropical areas. Transmission of the disease is dependent on its excretion by reservoir animals and the presence of moist environment which allows the survival of the bacteria. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A retrospective study was undertaken to describe seasonal patterns of human leptospirosis cases reported by the Centre National de Références des Leptospiroses (CNRL, Pasteur Institute, Paris between 1998 and 2008, to determine if there was an association between the occurrence of diagnosed cases and rainfall, temperature and global solar radiation (GSR. Meteorological data were recorded in the town of Saint-Benoît (Météo France "Beaufonds-Miria" station, located on the windward (East coast. Time-series analysis was used to identify the variables that best described and predicted the occurrence of cases of leptospirosis on the island. Six hundred and thirteen cases were reported during the 11-year study period, and 359 cases (58.56% were diagnosed between February and May. A significant correlation was identified between the number of cases in a given month and the associated cumulated rainfall as well as the mean monthly temperature recorded 2 months prior to diagnosis (r = 0.28 and r = 0.23 respectively. The predictive model includes the number of cases of leptospirosis recorded 1 month prior to diagnosis (b = 0.193, the cumulated monthly rainfall recorded 2 months prior to diagnosis (b = 0.145, the average monthly temperature recorded 0 month prior to diagnosis (b = 3.836, and the average monthly GSR recorded 0 month prior to diagnosis (b = -1.293. CONCLUSIONS: Leptospirosis has a seasonal distribution in Reunion Island. Meteorological data can be used to predict the occurrence of the disease and our statistical model can help to implement seasonal prevention measures.

  14. Las reuniones de personal: una alternativa de comunicación, entre la administracion y el personal docente de una escuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artavia Granados, Jenny María

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo es producto de un proceso de investigación realizado en una escuela de la Dirección Regional de Educación de San Ramón, con el fin de analizar el proceso de comunicación que experimenta el personal docente en las reuniones formales convocadas por la administración del centro escolar; así como en aquellas reuniones informales que se suscitan entre el personal docente. Como parte del desarrollo de la investigación se tomaron en cuenta: los aspectos técnicos que permiten la implementación de las reuniones formales de personal docente, la percepción que tienen los y las docentes de las reuniones formales y la percepción que tienen los y las docentes de las reuniones informales de personal docente. Se plantean también algunas conclusiones y recomendaciones, que contribuyan a mejorar el proceso de comunicación bilateral entre el personal docente y administrativo de un centro educativo, en las reuniones que se implementan.Abstract: This article is the product of a research process in a school of the Dirección Regional de Educación San Ramón, with the purpose of analyzing the communication process the educators face in the formal meetings summoned by the administration of the school center, as well as those informal meetings raised among the educators. As an element of the investigation development some aspects were taken into account: the technical aspects to allow the implementation of educators` perception about the formal and informal meetings. The study also presents some summations and recommendations to improve the bilateral process of communication in the implemented meetings among the educators and the administrative personnel of an educational institution.

  15. Seasonal variability of bull and tiger shark presence on the west coast of Reunion Island, western Indian Ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Blaison, A.; Jaquemet, S.; Guyomard, D.; Vangrevelynghe, G.; Gazzo, T.; Cliff, G.; Cotel, Pascal; Soria, Marc

    2015-01-01

    A fisheries-independent survey using longlines and drumlines, and an acoustic telemetry study, revealed that bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas and tiger sharks Galeocerdo cuvier occur throughout the year off the west coast of Reunion Island. The research, which commenced in 2011, was conducted in response to an increase in the rate of shark attacks. Juvenile, subadult and young adult tiger sharks of 111-390 cm total length (TL) were caught in all months except July; the sex ratio was 1:1 (M:F; ...

  16. Organizational crisis management - crisis communication when IT fails

    OpenAIRE

    Glad, Jutta

    2009-01-01

    HELSINKI SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS ABSTRACT International Business, Master’s Thesis Jutta Glad 08.05.2009 ORGANIZATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT – CRISIS COMMUNICATION WHEN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FAILS Objectives of the thesis The objective of this study is to find out what different factors an organization should consider when responding to an organizational crisis that has been caused by an information technology failure. The study also tries to find out whether crisis communicat...

  17. The Euro crisis. Causes and Symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph S. Weber

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Euro crisis is mainly a consequence of the international financial crisis of 2008. Thereby, the term Euro crisis is misleading as there is no currency crisis. First, the article shows some of the birth defects of the Euro. Second, it shows that the increase in public debt was caused by rescue measures for banks and anti-cyclical fiscal policy. Third, we argue that the Euro crisis is not just one crisis (a sovereign debt crisis but it is a combination of several macroeconomic crises including a growth crisis, a labour market crisis, a public debt crisis, and a current account crisis.

  18. Participación chilena en reuniones IADR mundiales, 2001-2012 Chilean participation in IADR general sessions, 2001-2012

    OpenAIRE

    R Cartes-Velásquez

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: Las reuniones mundiales de la International Association for Dental Research (IADR) representan una de las instancias más importantes para la divulgación de las investigaciones odontológicas a nivel de congresos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es caracterizar la participación de investigadores de instituciones chilenas en reuniones IADR mundiales durante el período 2001-2012. Metodología: Estudio bibliométrico, la búsqueda se realizó en la plataforma web Conference ExchangeT...

  19. Re-Envisioning Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Snaith, Holly; Rosamond, Ben

    2015-01-01

    of EU integration – namely the 1970s oil shocks and the more recent global financial crisis – in order to determine the extent to which these events have been contemporarily defined as providing opportunities to act, or simply challenges to the existing order. The paper provides an analysis of the...... (particularly economic integration). In short, crises provide opportunities for the EU to reshape both its internal architecture and its relative position in the global economy, but only to the extent that they are viewed as an opportunity to effect change and not simply as an insurmountable state of flux. The...... comparative nature of the findings helps to contextualise current discourses around the global financial crisis, in order to evaluate the EU’s previous efforts at global repositioning, and the significance of crisis discourse to these efforts....

  20. Fighting the Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hull Kristensen, Peer

    2015-01-01

    This paper is concerned to show how the Danish political elite interpreted and responded to the consequences of the 2008 financial crisis for the Danish economy. In particular, the paper describes how this interpretive construction focused primarily on three features of the Danish context...... to the exclusion of other perspectives; the first was an emphasis on the problems of the financial sector, of interest rates and state finances; the second was that Danish productivity increases were falling behind other comparable countries and part of the solution required new strategies towards labour...... and unemployment benefits; thirdly, the adverse effects of the crisis were causing an increase in government expenditure and a decline in government revenues which was rapidly becoming unsustainable. As a consequence, the Danish elite fell into the broader interpretation of the crisis embedded in the dominant view...

  1. Crowds and Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Christian

    The November Revolution in 1918 made manifest and further unleashed a political crisis in Germany, the consequences of which have been thoroughly examined. What has attracted less attention is how the Revolution also triggered a semantic crisis within sociology, namely with regard to conceptions of...... crowds and their alleged revolutionary aspirations. Interestingly, the sociological interest in crowds took off in the late nineteenth century as a reflection on modern political (dis)order, with the French Revolution and in particular the Paris Commune serving as key points of reference. This early...... selected aspects of classical crowd semantics – in particular notions of imitation and suggestibility – and for placing them centrally in the understanding of the social, in times of crisis and not....

  2. Una crisis financiera estructural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Salama

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor sostiene que la crisis económica que estalló a mediados del 2008 en los países industrializa-dos y que rápidamente contagió a todas las economías del mundo, no tiene un origen exclusivo en las desregulaciones del mercado financiero. Aunque estas sin duda han precipitado y amplificado la crisis, es fundamental considerar la globalización financiera y comercial que ha marcado los regíme-nes de crecimiento económico. Es esta globalización la que ha provocada la deslocalización de la producción –a favor de China– y una consecuente pérdida de empleos y atonía de los salarios. Des-de esta perspectiva terminar la crisis requerirá más que una restructuración de la arquitectura financiera, será necesario modificar la desregularización financiera y comercial.The author maintains that the economic crisis that broke out in mid-2008 in industrialized countries and quickly spread to economies throughout the world does not have its origins solely in deregula-tion of the financial market. Though this clearly precipitated and has broadened the crisis, it is essential to consider the financial and commercial globalization that has marked regimes of economic growth. This is the globalization that has provoked the dislocation of production – in favor of China – and the consequent loss of jobs and stagnation of salaries. From this perspective, an end to the crisis will require more than a restructuring of financial architecture; what will be needed is change in financial and commercial deregulation.

  3. Crisis of Transient Chaos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文秀; 陆云清; 陈贺胜; 马明全; 竹有章; 何大韧

    2002-01-01

    A new kind of crisis, which is marked by a sudden change of a strange repeller, is observed in an electronicrelaxation oscillator. Firstly, by its simplified piecewise linear model, we show analytically that a strange repellerappears after a hole-induced crisis, and that the fractal dimension of the strange repeller and the average lifetimeof the iterations in the region occupied by the original attractor suddenly change at the critical parameter valuewhen the repeller disappears. Our numerical investigation convinces us that the corresponding phenomenon canbe found in the original electronic relaxation oscillator.

  4. Bargaining in the crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Christian Lyhne; Andersen, Søren Kaj; Due, Jesper Jørgen; Madsen, Jørgen Steen

    2011-01-01

    The economic crisis weighed heavily on the 2010 collective bargaining rounds in the Danish and Swedish manufacturing sectors – the pattern-setting sectors in both countries. This article analyses and compares the bargaining rounds from agenda-setting to signing, pointing to the significant...... differences in bargaining structures, processes and output. On the whole, the crisis seems to have had little effect on the Danish bargaining system due to a strong centralization on the employer side through the Confederation of Danish Industries, union moderation and the coordination of bargaining areas by...

  5. Una crisis financiera estructural

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Salama

    2010-01-01

    El autor sostiene que la crisis económica que estalló a mediados del 2008 en los países industrializa-dos y que rápidamente contagió a todas las economías del mundo, no tiene un origen exclusivo en las desregulaciones del mercado financiero. Aunque estas sin duda han precipitado y amplificado la crisis, es fundamental considerar la globalización financiera y comercial que ha marcado los regíme-nes de crecimiento económico. Es esta globalización la que ha provocada la deslocalización de la pro...

  6. The crisis of 1866

    OpenAIRE

    Flandreau, Marc; Ugolini, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    The collapse of Overend Gurney and the ensuing Crisis of 1866 was a turning point in British financial history. The achievement of relative stability was due to the Bank of England´s willingness to offer generous assistance to the market in a crisis, combined with an elaborate system for maintaining the quality of bills in the market. We suggest that the Bank bolstered the resilience of the money market by monitoring leverage-building by money market participants and threatening exclusion fro...

  7. The Current Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Jack Boorman

    2009-01-01

    It is now clear that the global economy is facing the worst economic and financial crisis since the Second World War. The crisis manifested itself initially in the subprime mortgage market in the US, but quickly spread to Europe; in the breakdown in the market for credit default swaps—a huge, unregulated and thoroughly opaque market; and in the general collapse of the markets for securitised instruments across the global financial system. It was aggravated, most analysts agree, by the initi...

  8. La crisis financiera internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Torrero Mañas

    2008-01-01

    La crisis financiera en la que estamos inmersos es una perturbación de importancia histórica. La alarma está siendo grande, las intervenciones públicas contundentes, y el coste de la crisis elevadísimo para el contribuyente. El lógico esperar que se intente reducir la excesiva propensión al riesgo de las finanzas actuales accionando tres palancas: 1) regulación y supervisión más estricta y extendida a todas las instituciones financieras; 2) disminución de su capacidad de endeudamiento, y 3) d...

  9. Strategic Responses to Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Toh, Voon Sia

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the Malaysian financial institutions’ responses to the Macroenvironment during both the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis and the 2007-09 US subprime financial crisis.Based on the findings, results show that these three Malaysian financial institutions handled both the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis and the 2008-09 US subprime financial crisis well.Despite instability in the macro-environment, these financial institutions took the opportunities in strengthening their competit...

  10. CRISIS LEADERSHIP - AN ORGANIZATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

    OpenAIRE

    James E. Prewitt; Richard Weil; Anthony Q. McClure

    2011-01-01

    Reactive leadership and crisis management have been synonymous for years. This flows from the belief that crisis is unpredictable and unexpected, which is simply not true. Crisis has its genesis in the values, beliefs, culture, or behavior of an organization which become incongruent with the milieu in which the organization operates. A leader, who is able to read the signals of looming crisis and understands how to harness the exigency brought on by the situation, can diminish the potenti...

  11. Financial crisis: theory and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Sarrió, Dídac, 1946-; Ceballos Hornero, David; Rodriguez, Martha; Cortez, Klender; Cantarero Prieto, David; Castillo, Jorge; Fuenzalida, Darcy; Garcia, Heriberto; Mongrut, Samuel; Nash, Mauricio; Rosales, Luis Francisco; Torres, Gabriela; Treviño, Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    In the last 50 years, we have had approximately 40 events with characteristics related to financial crisis. The most severe crisis was in 1929, when the financial markets plummet and the US gross domestic product decline in more than 30 percent. Recently some years ago, a new crisis developed in the United States, but instantly caused consequences and effects in the rest of the world. This new economic and financial crisis has increased the interest and motivation for the academic communit...

  12. [Psychoanalytic aspects of crisis and crisis intervention].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battegay, R

    1995-01-01

    "Crisis" is defined as the lack of the development of defense- and/or coping-mechanisms in the conflict between drive-claims or narcissistic needs versus the influences of the super-ego and/or conditions of outside reality. The term crisis, introduced by Erich Lindemann (1944), characterizes a state which was already known to Sigmund Freud. Central to his thought was an antagonism between the pleasure principle dominating the unconscious and the reality principle being directed toward the outside world. Different possible causes of crises are for example sudden and unexpected intrusions in a life situation which was previously experienced as stable, or a narcissistic trauma and loss that could not be worked through as grief and that lead to a reactive-depressive state, or a shock resulting from demands of the super-ego during inner or outer experiences. Principles of a psychoanalytically oriented therapy are discussed, the outcome of which is the better, the more there is a good working alliance and good development of insight. PMID:7709654

  13. Spatial and temporal heterogeneities of Aedes albopictus density in La Reunion Island: rise and weakness of entomological indices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastien Boyer

    Full Text Available Following the 2006 Chikungunya disease in La Reunion, questions were raised concerning the monitoring survey of Aedes albopictus populations and the entomological indexes used to evaluate population abundance. The objectives of the present study were to determine reliable productivity indexes using a quantitative method to improve entomological surveys and mosquito control measures on Aedes albopictus. Between 2007 and 2011, 4 intervention districts, 24 cities, 990 areas and over 850,000 houses were used to fulfil those objectives. Four indexes including the classical Stegomyia index (House Index, Container Index, Breteau Index plus an Infested Receptacle Index were studied in order to determine whether temporal (year, month, week and/or spatial (districts, cities, areas heterogeneities existed. Temporal variations have been observed with an increase of Ae. albopictus population density over the years, and a seasonality effect with a highest population during the hot and wet season. Spatial clustering was observed at several scales with an important autocorrelation at the area scale. Moreover, the combination among these results and the breeding site productivity obtained during these 5 years allowed us to propose recommendations to monitor Aedes albopictus by eliminating not the most finding sites but the most productive ones. As the other strategies failed in La Reunion, this new approach should should work better.

  14. The US Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, John L.

    2011-01-01

    for each other's shortcomings rather than reinforce each other's incentives. This paper uses evidence from the US financial crisis of 2008 to adjudicate this debate. It argues that different types of institutional complementarities are necessary in combination to ensure market stability and successful...

  15. Unpacking the Global Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juego, Bonn; Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    The paper hopes to contribute to a reading of the political economy of the current global crisis with a focus on four interrelated themes. First, we discuss the constitutive role and functional character of crises in the evolution of neo-liberalism in particular and in capitalist reproduction in...

  16. Lessons From The Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The current worldwide economic recession is not the first of its kind and will not likely be the last. But what should we learn from it? Vinod Thomas, Director General of Independent Evaluation Group at the World Bank Group, discussed the lessons from the crisis during a speech at Peking University in Beijing on February 18. Edited excerpts follow.

  17. Crisis, Kuhn, Fuller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Siggaard

    2003-01-01

    Social Epistemology 17(2):197?201. 2003 Short description: In this paper Hans Siggaard Jensen looks at the concept of crisis as a central aspect of Kuhn?s theory of science, and relate it to Steve Fullers account of this theory as itself exemplary?not to say paradigmatic?for the understanding of...

  18. Financial Crisis Redux?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Observers refute the start of a new Asian financial crisis sparked by Viet Nam’s financial and economic troubles It looked like a sudden nightmare when stockholders with hundreds of millions of Vietnamese dong found their pockets half empty overnight. The once prosper- ous bull market in Viet Nam plummeted to

  19. La Crisis Financiera Chilena

    OpenAIRE

    Philip L. Brock

    1989-01-01

    The Chilean financial crisis that began in 1981 resulted in unrecoverable loan losses estimated to be at least 20 percent of Chile's gross domestic product as of the end of 1985. This paper provides an analytical framework that stresses the importance of

  20. Insights into the Ukrainian Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costel Daniel Arfire

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Political crises are increasingly frequent and devastating not only for the population of a state, but also for the international diplomacy. Such an example is the ongoing Ukrainian crisis. Starting from S. Fink‘s life cycle of a crisis and T.W. Coombs‘s crisis response strategies, I will analyse the evolution of the Ukrainian crisis and the crisis response strategies of three major international actors: Vladimir Putin, Barack Obama and Angela Merkel. The findings of my study will prove that the denial strategy prevails in Putin‘s statement, whereas Obama uses the diminish strategy and Merkel focuses on the bolstering strategy.

  1. Evaluation of the performance of a meso-scale NWP model to forecast solar irradiance on Reunion Island for photovoltaic power applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalecinski, Natacha; Haeffelin, Martial; Badosa, Jordi; Periard, Christophe

    2013-04-01

    Solar photovoltaic power is a predominant source of electrical power on Reunion Island, regularly providing near 30% of electrical power demand for a few hours per day. However solar power on Reunion Island is strongly modulated by clouds in small temporal and spatial scales. Today regional regulations require that new solar photovoltaic plants be combined with storage systems to reduce electrical power fluctuations on the grid. Hence cloud and solar irradiance forecasting becomes an important tool to help optimize the operation of new solar photovoltaic plants on Reunion Island. Reunion Island, located in the South West of the Indian Ocean, is exposed to persistent trade winds, most of all in winter. In summer, the southward motion of the ITCZ brings atmospheric instabilities on the island and weakens trade winds. This context together with the complex topography of Reunion Island, which is about 60 km wide, with two high summits (3070 and 2512 m) connected by a 1500 m plateau, makes cloudiness very heterogeneous. High cloudiness variability is found between mountain and coastal areas and between the windward, leeward and lateral regions defined with respect to the synoptic wind direction. A detailed study of local dynamics variability is necessary to better understand cloud life cycles around the island. In the presented work, our approach to explore the short-term solar irradiance forecast at local scales is to use the deterministic output from a meso-scale numerical weather prediction (NWP) model, AROME, developed by Meteo France. To start we evaluate the performance of the deterministic forecast from AROME by using meteorological measurements from 21 meteorological ground stations widely spread around the island (and with altitudes from 8 to 2245 m). Ground measurements include solar irradiation, wind speed and direction, relative humidity, air temperature, precipitation and pressure. Secondly we study in the model the local dynamics and thermodynamics that

  2. Spirituality, Crisis, and Illusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LOSONCZ, Alpar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the structural interpretations of the ongoing crisis. The author considers the approaches of Joseph Alois Schumpeter and Tibor Scitovsky that thematize the long-run destiny of capitalism. The viewpoint is constituted as the relation between the structural socio-economic tendencies and existential constellations. What is addressed by the crisis is capitalism as a dependent system. The author emphasizes that capitalism cannot survive without the outside sphere, reciprocal interactions, economics of community, eco-system and complex eco-social moments. This can be applied to the frequently mentioned embeddedness which is related to Polanyi and other researchers who are influenced by Polanyi’s concepts. Embeddedness can be analyzed through the holon, from the inside perspective. Only comprehensive perspective enables to see the entire horizon, since capitalism cannot summarize the eco-system, not even with the most sophisticated techniques that recognize monetary expressions.

  3. Spatio-temporal forest cover characterisation of mascareignite zones of reunion Island; Caracterisation spatio-temporelle du couvert vegetal des zones a mascareignite des hauts de l'Ile de la Reunion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ouar, S

    1998-07-01

    The endo-soils of the reunion island often present a particularity: the presence of a light soil level on surface, of vegetable composition, the mascareignite. In the framework of this study, mascareignite soils have been localized on the wet face of the island and have been compared with those of the dry face. The floristic past of these soils has been reconstituted with the pedo-anthracology tool (charcoal dating and identification). Ages given by the {sup 14}C measures show that the mascareignite genesis is anterior to the human being presence in the island. The study of the actual vegetable cover distribution has been realized by satellite data. (A.L.B.)

  4. Crisis, Imbalances, and India

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Rajiv; Vashisht, Pankaj

    2011-01-01

    With the revival of global economy, the issues of “exit policies” and rebalancing global growth have taken center stage in policy discussions. Since many emerging Asian economies presently have large current account surpluses, the issue of rebalancing has special significance for Asia. While India, like other Asian economies, suffered only an indirect impact from the financial crisis, its current policy challenges appear to be different from those facing the People’s Republic of China (PRC) a...

  5. Crisis – Achilles’ heel

    OpenAIRE

    Bicãjanu Vasile; Popescu (Spârchez) Nicoleta

    2011-01-01

    The world is in a state of uncertainty; it may be an economic, social, political, moral, military, cultural, religious crisis… The international entities such as the International Monetary Fund, the European Financial Stability Facility, United Nations Organization, etc. collaborate for enforcing anti-crisis measures and Greece tries to pull out the arrow from Achilles’ heel. The ethics and economics principles sometimes seem insufficient for more flowers than weeds to grow in a planetary gar...

  6. Averting a Future Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The world has left the worst of the financial crisis behind,but memories of the meltdown have barely faded.But what made the world's economy so vulnerable,and what kinds of lessons can we draw from it? Yi Gang,Deputy Governor of the People's Bank of China and Administrator of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange,discussed these issues in a speech at the Lujiazui Forum 2010 held in Shanghai on June 25-26.Edited excerpts follow:

  7. CRISIS AND RISK MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Popescu, Angela; Stefanescu, Roxana

    2009-01-01

    The main causes of economic crisis are unfavorable evolution of the macro-economic behavior and poor uncautious corporate governance of banks and authorities in decisions involving the granting of loans by banks and mixing factor in a political activity which must be held in essentially on economic criteria. Risk management is the art of making decisions in a world governed by uncertainty. Risk management is a process of identification, analysis and response to risks to which an organization ...

  8. Mexico's Fiscal Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Looney, R.E.

    1987-01-01

    Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, vol. 21, no.6, 1987. Refereed Journal Article Mexico's current crisis has its origins in a number of structural conditions that developed in the 1970s. This paper examines one of these structural impediments, the country's fiscal disequilibrium. An empirical analysis of the country's tax structure indicates that there is ample scope for major tax reforms geared to introducing more responsiveness into the country's tax collection system. Given t...

  9. The American Mortgage Crisis – Global Economic Crisis Triggering Factor

    OpenAIRE

    Muntean Mihaela-Carmen; Nistor Costel; Nistor Rozalia

    2011-01-01

    The paper aims to make a radiograph of the world economic situation, how to overcome global economic crisis, the impact of global crisis on the countries had developed on one side and emerging on the other hand, and how which attempts to overcome the effects of this unprecedented crisis by different countries in different regions of the world. The paper’s objectives are related to the presentation of the current global economic situation, the rapidity with which covered the entire world finan...

  10. Second Episode of the Global Crisis: 2011European Debt Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafer SEZGİN

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Measures for 2008 Global Economic Crisis cause a new crisis at 2011. Irreducible budget deficit, decreasing economy, great debt stock cause concern about sustainability of debt for some European economies. For ceasing ecomomic crisis, ECB takes some monetary policy measures; EFSF and monetary expansion are in place. This article aims to explain existing and oncoming conditions of European economies. Methodology is setting representative and containing suitable period data set from primary resources.

  11. Subprime Crisis and Financial Accounting Issues Raise in This Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Peng

    2009-01-01

    Subprime crisis brought to us a global financial disaster. The whole world has yet recover from this disaster, however, it is important to understand the cause of this disaster and seeking the core factors that caused this crisis, determinate financial accounting issues being ignored and covered underneath the bubbled boost market. And this could be significant to warm the world and prevent this crisis from happening in future again. In this paper, I will try to answer those questions base on...

  12. ABOUT THE CRISIS MARKETING AND THE CRISIS OF MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    PAULA CORNELIA MITRAN; MIHAELA BEBESELEA

    2011-01-01

    The global economical-financial crisis has sometimes reached unpredictible peaks. To think that a theoretical and practical approach can take on the role of a universal remedy becomes obsolete. But to believe in the overcoming of the current limits of such approach is extremely necessary. To adapt strategies of marketing to crisis times, in order to communicate with the marketing environment about the crisis, to make everything function better they impose the respect of a rigorous discipline ...

  13. Iran, the crisis situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book is an updated edition of a previous book by the same author: 'Iran and the nuclear: the Persian torments'. The author addresses the Iranian nuclear crisis within an historic perspective, and states that this crisis has its roots in the recent Iranian history, but has deeper origins before the Islamic Revolution of 1979. In a first part, he draws a portrait of Iran by opposing current myths and realities like Persia and an actual ethnic diversity, an oil-based wealth in a context of under-development, tyranny and an actual political complexity. He also analyses the Iranian geo-strategy and its recent evolutions, the relationships and attitudes towards the three Satans (USA, France and Israel), and describes the main evolutions of the Iranian defence, notably after 9/11. The second part describes the long evolution of the Iranian nuclear programme, from its beginning at the time of the Shah, until now (projects, programmes and realities of the Iranian electronuclear industry), and recalls the different steps of the nuclear crisis between 2002 and 2006. The third part is a prospective one. The author discusses several aspects of the conflict (power balance, rumours and threats, sanctions and military scenarios, Iranian retaliation capacities) and discusses what a nuclear Iran would be (its capacities, its objectives, geo-strategic consequences of a nuclear Iran, and remaining opportunities for negotiations)

  14. Revisiting the financial crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄明

    2009-01-01

    Recently,the media and commentators have saturated us with talk of the subprimeinduced financial debacle. Yet,some basic questions remain unanswered:why did almost all of the"market doorkeepers"fail to function in the crisis? Why did the financial intermediaries,such as investment banks selling complex derivatives,go under? Why did the crisis cause such far-reaching repercussions? What seed did U.S.Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson sow for the fiasco to rage globally? What does the future hold for financial regulation? In the face of the tempestuous"financial tsunami,"what lessons should China learn and how should the country develop a more secure capital market? Unlike other macroeconomists, Dr.Huang Ming proceeds from a micro perspective to sort out the financial mess along the logical chain within the capital market.In this interview,Dr.Huang presents a clear and unsettling look at the breakout,transmission and spreading path of the financial crisis

  15. Nuclear crisis management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renewed interest in crisis management is caused by a growing recognition that a failure of communication between the superpowers in the face of a crisis provoked by some third party could issue in a nuclear war, other causes of this renewed interest are the fear of miscalculation and runaway escalation if the US and Soviet Union are drawn into a regional war in which each had vital interests and a concern that a missile might be fired on either side by accident or without proper authorization despite precautions. The authors, stating that crisis prevention should be viewed as an objective, not as a strategy, support the establishment of a joint US-Soviet nuclear risk control center designed to carry out four functions: (1) to facilitate communications between the two countries, (2) to avert nuclear confrontations during periods of accelerating tension, (3) to serve as an exchange of confidence building information during normal periods, and (4) to serve as a joint management center to plan for responses to terrorist or other third party group

  16. CRISIS LEADERSHIP - AN ORGANIZATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James E. Prewitt

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Reactive leadership and crisis management have been synonymous for years. This flows from the belief that crisis is unpredictable and unexpected, which is simply not true. Crisis has its genesis in the values, beliefs, culture, or behavior of an organization which become incongruent with the milieu in which the organization operates. A leader, who is able to read the signals of looming crisis and understands how to harness the exigency brought on by the situation, can diminish the potential dangers and take full advantage of the resulting opportunities. This paper presents a generic crisis lifecycle as a representation of overall crisis. Since a crisis can be broken down into three unique phases, crisis lifecycles can be understood and utilized for the benefit of the organization. In the first phase of the lifecycle, the organization finds itself mired in a static phase which equates to a comfort zone. In this first phase leaders struggle when they attempt to introduce change or learning due to the organizations preference to avoid conflict and maintain stasis. When a crisis engulfs an organization then the stasis that envelops the organization evaporates and gives rise to the second phase or the disaster phase. The disaster phase often threatens the very existence of the organization. When the organization successfully eliminates the immediate organizational threat, the organization is able to enter the adjustive phase of the crisis lifecycle. In this third phase, the leader has the undivided attention of the organization and the underlying urgency to solve the issues that led to the crisis in the first place. Regrettably, many leaders don’t take advantage of this golden opportunity and push the organization back toward the status-quo which ensures that the crisis will return in force. The study of crisis leadership has become more important since the dawn of the new millennium because leaders in all areas face differing degrees of crisis in

  17. Asia: A Perspective on the Subprime Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Khor, Hoe Ee; Kee, Rui Xiong

    2008-01-01

    The authors, from the Monetary Authority of Singapore, examines the current crisis through the lens of the financial crisis that hit Asia in 1997. They discuss lessons that industrial countries can take from the Asian crisis and lessons Asian countries can learn from the subprime crisis. They also examine the reasons for Asia's resilience, so far, to the financial crisis.

  18. Geoelectrical structure of the central zone of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenat, J.-F.; Fitterman, D.; Jackson, D.B.; Labazuy, P.

    2000-01-01

    A study of the geoelectrical structure of the central part of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion, Indian Ocean) was made using direct current electrical (DC) and transient electromagnetic soundings (TEM). Piton de la Fournaise is a highly active oceanic basaltic shield and has been active for more than half a million years. Joint interpretation of the DC and TEM data allows us to obtain reliable 1D models of the resistivity distribution. The depth of investigation is of the order of 1.5 km but varies with the resistivity pattern encountered at each sounding. Two-dimensional resistivity cross sections were constructed by interpolation between the soundings of the 1D interpreted models. Conductors with resistivities less than 100 ohm-m are present at depth beneath all of the soundings and are located high in the volcanic edifice at elevations between 2000 and 1200 m. The deepest conductor has a resistivity less than 20 ohm-m for soundings located inside the Enclos and less than 60-100 ohm-m for soundings outside the Enclos. From the resistivity distributions, two zones are distinguished: (a) the central zone of the Enclos; and (b) the outer zone beyond the Enclos. Beneath the highly active summit area, the conductor rises to within a few hundred meters of the surface. This bulge coincides with a 2000-mV self-potential anomaly. Low-resistivity zones are inferred to show the presence of a hydrothermal system where alteration by steam and hot water has lowered the resistivity of the rocks. Farther from the summit, but inside the Enclos the depth to the conductive layers increases to approximately 1 km and is inferred to be a deepening of the hydrothermally altered zone. Outside of the Enclos, the nature of the deep, conductive layers is not established. The observed resistivities suggest the presence of hydrated minerals, which could be found in landslide breccias, in hydrothermally altered zones, or in thick pyroclastic layers. Such formations often create perched

  19. Recombinant chromosome 9 possibly derived from breakage and reunion of sister chromatids within a paracentric inversion loop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelan, M C; Stevenson, R E; Anderson, E V

    1993-05-15

    Chromosomally unbalanced offspring resulting from the recombination of parental paracentric inversions are uncommon. We report on a 20-month-old boy with a partial duplication of 9p due to the recombination of a paternal paracentric inversion. The patient's recombinant chromosome was designated rec(9)(p13-->p24::p12-->p24::p12-->qter). The patient's father and paternal aunt have a paracentric inversion of chromosome 9:inv(9)(p13p24). Although several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the chromosome imbalance generated from paracentric inversions, none of the previously described mechanisms can account for the structure of the recombinant chromosome observed in the propositus. We propose an unusual mechanism of formation involving breakage and unequal reunion of sister chromatids within the inversion loop to explain the structure of the patient's recombinant chromosome. PMID:8488876

  20. Lessons from the Asian Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Mishkin, Frederic S.

    2000-01-01

    This paper provides an asymmetric information analysis of the recent East Asian crisis. It then outlines several lessons from this crisis. First, there is a strong rationale for an international lender of last resort. Second, without appropriate conditionality for this lending, the moral hazard created by operation of an international lender of last resort can promote financial instability. Third, although capital flows did contribute to the crisis, they are a symptom rather than an underlyin...

  1. GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS - CAUSES & IMPACT

    OpenAIRE

    Komal Singhal

    2014-01-01

    A financial crisis is a disturbance to financial markets that disrupts the markets capacity to allocate capital – financial intermediation and hence investment comes to a halt. The Sub Prime mortgage crisis originated in U.S in early 2008 and transmitted to India and other Emerging Market Economies through various channels. Macro economic variables like growth, employment and prices all were affected badly. This paper attempts an analysis of causes of global financial crisis a...

  2. CRISIS, RECESSION, ECONOMICAL OF ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ileana ANASTASE (BĂDULESCU); Carmen Maria ANDRUȘCA

    2014-01-01

    The article deals with issues related to the crisis, recession, economical of Romania. By this paper I did not present an anti-crisis plan but I have exposed a number of measures that may cause the settlement of this phenomenon as stimulating the economic growth, protecting citizens and creating jobs. In this context, the article provides and highlights the main markets affected by the economic crisis, these debuting with the estate market, auto market, list that continues until field of educ...

  3. Central Banking after the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Frederick S. Mishkin

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores where central banking is heading after the recent financial crisis. First it discusses the central bank consensus before the crisis and then outlines the key facts learned from the crisis that require changes in the way central banks conduct their business. Finally, it discusses four main areas in which central banks are altering their policy frameworks: 1) the interaction between monetary and financial stability policies, 2) nonconventional monetary policy, 3) risk manage...

  4. Marketing in current financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Mariánek, Lukáš

    2009-01-01

    The paper is describing the effects of recessions and current financial crisis on companies and their marketing. The topic covers the history of marketing throughout the world biggest recessions and describes the current marketing efforts of Czech companies under the current financial crisis. A strategical analysis with the impacts of crisis on long-term strategy planning is provided at the end of the paper.

  5. Successful Ways for Crisis Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ByHuYuyue; LiLiang

    2004-01-01

    In the past spring and summer, the burst of SARS crisis had a negative influence on people's daily life and enterprises'business. Under the impact of SARS, leaders of enterprises had personally known more of a word——crisis, and at the same time they had thought of another concept——crisis management. But if we try to comorehend it from another point of view.

  6. The sterile insect technique for controlling populations of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae on Reunion Island: mating vigour of sterilized males.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clelia F Oliva

    Full Text Available Reunion Island suffers from high densities of the chikungunya and dengue vector Aedes albopictus. The sterile insect technique (SIT offers a promising strategy for mosquito-borne diseases prevention and control. For such a strategy to be effective, sterile males need to be competitive enough to fulfil their intended function by reducing wild mosquito populations in natura. We studied the effect of irradiation on sexual maturation and mating success of males, and compared the sexual competitiveness of sterile versus wild males in the presence of wild females in semi-field conditions. For all untreated or sterile males, sexual maturation was completed within 13 to 20 h post-emergence and some males were able to inseminate females when 15 h old. In the absence of competition, untreated and sterile males were able to inseminate the same number of virgin females during 48 h, in small laboratory cages: an average of 93% of females was inseminated no matter the treatment, the age of males, and the sex ratio. Daily mating success of single sterile males followed the same pattern as for untreated ones, although they inseminated significantly fewer females after the ninth day. The competitiveness index of sterile males in semi-field conditions was only 0.14 when they were released at 1-day old, but improved to 0.53 when the release occurred after a 5-day period in laboratory conditions. In SIT simulation experiments, a 5:1 sterile to wild male ratio allowed a two-fold reduction of the wild population's fertility. This suggests that sterile males could be sufficiently competitive to mate with wild females within the framework of an SIT component as part of an AW-IPM programme for suppressing a wild population of Ae. albopictus in Reunion Island. It will be of interest to minimise the pre-release period in controlled conditions to ensure a good competitiveness without increasing mass rearing costs.

  7. Stratospheric ozone climatology and variability over a southern subtropical site: Reunion Island (21° S; 55° E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Godin-Beekmann

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The study presents the climatological characteristics of stratospheric ozone observed over Reunion Island using in-situ (ozonesonde and SAOZ and satellite (UARS-HALOE, SAGE-II and TOMS measurements. It uses co-localised ozonesondes (from September 1992 to February 2005 and SAOZ measurements (from January 1993 to December 2004, SAGE-II data from October 1984 to February 1999 (~15 years, HALOE data from January 1991 to February 2005 (~15 years, and NIMBUS/TOMS data from January 1978 to December 2004 (27 years. The satellite measurements correspond to overpasses located nearby Reunion Island (21° S; 55° E. The height profiles of ozone concentration obtained from ozonesonde (0.5–29.5 km show less bias in comparison with the HALOE and SAGE-II measurements. Though, the satellite (HALOE and SAGE-II measurements underestimate the tropospheric ozone, they are in good agreement for the heights above 15 km. The bias between the measurements and the normalized ozone profile constructed from the ozonesonde and SAGE-II satellite measurement shows that the SAGE-II measurements are more accurate than the HALOE measurements in the lower stratosphere. The monthly variation of ozone concentration derived from ozonesonde and HALOE shows a nearly annual cycle with a maximum concentration during winter/spring and minimum concentration during summer/autumn months. The time evolution of total column ozone obtained from TOMS, SAOZ and the one computed from ozonesonde and SAGE-II, exhibits similar behaviour with analogous trends as above. The TOMS variation displays a higher value of total column ozone of about 3–5 DU (10% in comparison with the SAOZ and the integrated ozone from ozonesonde and SAGE-II.

  8. The sterile insect technique for controlling populations of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) on Reunion Island: mating vigour of sterilized males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliva, Clelia F; Jacquet, Maxime; Gilles, Jeremie; Lemperiere, Guy; Maquart, Pierre-Olivier; Quilici, Serge; Schooneman, François; Vreysen, Marc J B; Boyer, Sebastien

    2012-01-01

    Reunion Island suffers from high densities of the chikungunya and dengue vector Aedes albopictus. The sterile insect technique (SIT) offers a promising strategy for mosquito-borne diseases prevention and control. For such a strategy to be effective, sterile males need to be competitive enough to fulfil their intended function by reducing wild mosquito populations in natura. We studied the effect of irradiation on sexual maturation and mating success of males, and compared the sexual competitiveness of sterile versus wild males in the presence of wild females in semi-field conditions. For all untreated or sterile males, sexual maturation was completed within 13 to 20 h post-emergence and some males were able to inseminate females when 15 h old. In the absence of competition, untreated and sterile males were able to inseminate the same number of virgin females during 48 h, in small laboratory cages: an average of 93% of females was inseminated no matter the treatment, the age of males, and the sex ratio. Daily mating success of single sterile males followed the same pattern as for untreated ones, although they inseminated significantly fewer females after the ninth day. The competitiveness index of sterile males in semi-field conditions was only 0.14 when they were released at 1-day old, but improved to 0.53 when the release occurred after a 5-day period in laboratory conditions. In SIT simulation experiments, a 5:1 sterile to wild male ratio allowed a two-fold reduction of the wild population's fertility. This suggests that sterile males could be sufficiently competitive to mate with wild females within the framework of an SIT component as part of an AW-IPM programme for suppressing a wild population of Ae. albopictus in Reunion Island. It will be of interest to minimise the pre-release period in controlled conditions to ensure a good competitiveness without increasing mass rearing costs. PMID:23185329

  9. CRISIS, RECESSION, ECONOMICAL OF ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ileana (BĂDULESCU ANASTASE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with issues related to the crisis, recession, economical of Romania. By this paper I did not present an anti-crisis plan but I have exposed a number of measures that may cause the settlement of this phenomenon as stimulating the economic growth, protecting citizens and creating jobs. In this context, the article provides and highlights the main markets affected by the economic crisis, these debuting with the estate market, auto market, list that continues until field of education. I have also highlighted the main causes of it, and not least I presented the impact of the crisis upon the most counties in Romania.

  10. Crisis Communication Plans: Poor Predictors of Excellent Crisis Public Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marra, Francis J.

    1998-01-01

    Argues that newly developed theory in crisis public relations suggests a shift is necessary in the way practitioners view crises. Notes that the new paradigm defines excellent crisis public relations very differently from the literature of the past 20 years. (RS)

  11. A Third Wave of Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ If we label the sub-prime mortgage crisis that broke out in the United States in March 2007 and the financial meltdown triggered by Lehman Brothers'bankruptcy in August 2008 as the first two phases of the global financial crisis,then we're,without a doubt,entering a third phase.

  12. Regulating Finance After the Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moschella, Manuela; Tsingou, Eleni

    2013-01-01

    It is now widely recognized that regulatory failures contributed to the onset of the global financial crisis. Redressing such failures has, thus, been a key policy priority in the post-crisis reform agenda at both the domestic and international levels. This special issue investigates the process ...

  13. Organizational Learning and Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

  14. Crisis management: some opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupperman, R H; Wilcox, R H; Smith, H A

    1975-02-01

    Modern crises present decision makers with many agonizing management choices. Very often a crisis manager is confronted with a plethora of conflicting information and given very little time to choose an appropriate course of action. Although contemporary methods of systems analysis have been used in attempts to organize data and clarify options, they have generally been of little use in presenting an accurate picture of an opponent's values and perceptions. Thus it is clear that we must now make use of the improved communications and technological devices at our disposal if crises are to be avoided or resolved with minimum damage. Our proposal to establish international model-oriented computer-assisted conferences is designed to promote greater cooperation and understanding among scientists and crisis managers of differing nations by enabling them to share images of themselves and one another. With better information and more rational options available, the chances of catastrophic misunderstanding or miscalculation can be meaningfully reduced. We have proposed a possible scenario for the initial implementation of such a system to combat famine, and hope that the same approach might be used in other areas over time. The ultimate goal is a system by which specialists of all persuasions cooperate so that international crises will be resolved on the bases of mutual benefits without resort to armed conflict. PMID:17835296

  15. The Mediterranean salinity crisis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hsue, K.J.

    1988-08-01

    That the Mediterranean Sea underwent a salinity crisis during the Miocene (Messinian) is proven by the 1970 JOIDES deep sea drilling expedition. Subsequent work by ocean drilling and by studies on land have recorded the history of this crisis. Based upon the deep desiccated-basin model, the use of event-stratigraphy, calibrated by strontium-isotope dating and magnetostratigraphy, has enabled them to decipher the following events between 6.0 and 5.1 Ma: (1) deposition of marine diatom-rich sediments in a partially restricted basin, (2) first desiccation of the Mediterranean when Calcare di base was deposited at a time of isolation from the Atlantic because of a glacial eustatic drop of sea level, (3) influx of marine waters through southern Spanish basins to furnish brines for the deposition of the main salt, (4) Intra-Messinian desiccation, as evidenced by the erosional unconformity above the lower evaporite, (5) Intra-Messinian denudation, when reefs grew on Cyprus and marine sediments were deposited in basins, (6) frequency isolations due to oscillating sea level, when the upper evaporite was deposited, (7) Lago mare, formation of freshwater and brackish lakes due to influx of Paratethys water, (8) opening of the Gibraltar and Pliocene inundation of the Mediterranean.

  16. Crisis ambiental y cristianismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Cárdenas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se identifican y reconocen algunas opciones que se pueden desarrollar en el cristianismo en relación con la problemática ambiental. Se aborda el dilema bíblico suscitado por interpretaciones antiecológicas y ecológicas. Con base en una lectura de la Biblia, de testimonios cristianos, y en una rememoria de estructuras institucionales, como la parroquia, se analiza el valor que tiene el mensaje cristiano en lo referido a la mitigación de la crisis ambiental.This article identifies and recognizes some options that can be developed in Christianity in relation to the environmental problem. It starts by analyzing the biblical dilemma provoked by both ecological and antiecological interpretations. Based on a reading of the Bible, testimonies from Christians and with a rememory of institutional structures, like the parish, the valué of the Christian message for mitigating the environmental crisis is analyzed.

  17. Credibility and Crisis Stress Testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Lian Ong

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Credibility is the bedrock of any crisis stress test. The use of stress tests to manage systemic risk was introduced by the U.S. authorities in 2009 in the form of the Supervisory Capital Assessment Program. Since then, supervisory authorities in other jurisdictions have also conducted similar exercises. In some of those cases, the design and implementation of certain elements of the framework have been criticized for their lack of credibility. This paper proposes a set of guidelines for constructing an effective crisis stress test. It combines financial markets impact studies of previous exercises with relevant case study information gleaned from those experiences to identify the key elements and to formulate their appropriate design. Pertinent concepts, issues and nuances particular to crisis stress testing are also discussed. The findings may be useful for country authorities seeking to include stress tests in their crisis management arsenal, as well as for the design of crisis programs.

  18. Effects of irradiation, presence of females, and sugar supply on the longevity of sterile males Aedes albopictus (Skuse) under semi-field conditions on Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Oliva, C. F.; Maier, M. J.; Gilles, J.; Jacquet, Maxime; Lempérière, Guy; Quilici, S.; Vreysen, M. J. B.; Schooneman, F.; Chadee, D.D.; Boyer, Sébastien

    2013-01-01

    Background: The development of the sterile insect technique (SIT) for reducing populations of Aedes albopictus (Skuse), (the vector of Chikungunya and Dengue fever), was studied in Reunion Island. For some mosquito species the sterilization process and mating activity may alter male survival. Most previous studies were carried out in the laboratory and may inadequately reflect the field situation. We conducted a semi-field experiment to evaluate the impact of sugar supply and mating activity ...

  19. Seasonal variation in size estimates of Aedes albopictus population based on standard mark-release-recapture experiments in an urban area on Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Gouagna, Louis-Clément; Dehecq, J. S.; Fontenille, Didier; Dumont, Y.; Boyer, Sébastien

    2015-01-01

    The implementation of the sterile insect technique for area-wide vector control requires that natural population density be accurately estimated to determine both the appropriate time to treat and the adequate number of sterile males for release. Herein, we used mark-release-recapture (MRR) to derive seasonal abundance estimates of Aedes albopictus population sizes within a delimited geographical area in Reunion Island. Population size of Ae. albopictus was estimated through four mark-release...

  20. Electrical structure beneath the eastern collapsed flank of Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Reunion island : implications for the quest for groundwater

    OpenAIRE

    Descloitres, Marc; Ritz, Michel; Robineau, B; Courteaud, M.

    1997-01-01

    Time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) and tensor audiomagnetotelluric (AMT) data have been acquired at several locations on the eastern flank of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island) within a depressed area called Grand Brulé, interpreted as a collapse structure. The survey objectives were to provide a geophysical estimate of the subsurface structure and to evaluate the possibility of detecting aquifers in a volcanic environment not very known. The TDEM and the AMT data collected along ...

  1. BVOCs concentration in the Reunion Island tropical forests and the impact on photooxidants formation during the BIO-MAIDO 2015 campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomb, Aurelie; Duflot, Valentin; Tulet, Pierre; Flores, Olivier; Fournel, Jacques; Strasberg, Dominique; Deguillaume, Laurent; Vaitilingom, Mickael; Burnet, Frederic; Bourrianne, Thierry

    2016-04-01

    In March-April 2015 took place an intensive field campaign in the Reunion Island : BIO-MAÏDO 2015 campaign. The main objective of the campaign was to study the interactions between forests, gases, aerosols and clouds in this unique tropical natural science lab (Duflot at al, in prep). During this campaign volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) were sampled at different part of the Reunion island. BVOCs (including isoprene, terpenes, and some oxygenated compounds) have different temporal and spatial variations depending on vegetation, on plant species and on environmental factors (ambient temperature, light intensity, air pollution..) (Seinfeld and Pandis, 1998, Kesselmeier and Staudt, 1999). BVOCs are important atmospheric constituent of the troposphere. Due to high reactivity they have an important impact on the tropospheric hydroxyl radical (OH) and ozone (Granier et al., 2000; Poisson et al., 2000; Pfister et al., 2008), thus thave a significantey influence on the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere (Houweling et al., 1998; Taraborrelli et al., 2012) on regional and global scales. BVOCs were studied at different locations: Maido Observatory (2160m) with semi-continous measurement (12 March - 9 April 2015); Tamarins forest; Cryptomeria forest; Primary forest (Belouve) and Mare Longue forest . BVOCs were sampled on adsorbents cartridges containing 250 mg Tenax TA and analysed later with a gas-chromatography-mass spectrometer. Formaldehyde concentrations were determined at the Maido observatory using an AEROLASER 4021 instrument, based on the so called "Hantzsch"-reaction, and with a 30s resolution. Isoprene was the most important BVOCs concentration found in the Reunion Island forest, especially from the endemic Tamarins trees, followed by limonene and alpha-pinene. Formaldehyde at the Maido facility show a strong diurnal variation and a maximum concentration during day-time from 1 to 4 ppbv. The local emission of

  2. Vegetalized Complex Partition (VCP): Impact of a Green Roof under a Humid Tropical Climate, Comparison between Hong Kong and Reunion Island

    OpenAIRE

    Jean, Aurélien; Libelle, Teddy; Miranville, Frédéric; Medina, Mario

    2014-01-01

    ICRET 2014 Conference, Hong Kong published in AMM. Presentation joined. -- The aim of this paper is to present the experimental results of a specific vegetated complex partition (VCP) and discuss the conclusions found from an interesting study case in Hong Kong, especially the presence of a strong upward heat flux in winter. The experimented VCP configuration have never been tested in Reunion Island. It is located on a small scale building with a sloped roof covered with steel foil and ...

  3. A Corporate Model of Similitude for SMEs Reunion into a Corporation, Viewed from the Angle of Physical Thought, and Its Complex Economic and Social Impact

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe Săvoiu; Constantin Manea; Victor Iorga – Simăn; Florentina Magda Enescu; Mladen Čudanov

    2011-01-01

    In order to exceed the circularity of formal economic thinking, the authors of the present paper favour the models of thinking specific to physics, which are also constructed statistically and mathematically, in an attempt to find an answer to the reunion of similar small and medium enterprises (SMEs), into multinational corporations. A model based on the theory of similitude is thus made use of, born from the very essence of physics, and having an economic and social destination and a comple...

  4. Crisis? What crisis? How European professionals handle crises and crisis communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Verhoeven; R. Tench; A. Zerfass; A. Moreno; D. Verčič

    2013-01-01

    A broad study in 43 European countries shows that 70% of communication professionals encounter at least one crisis a year, mostly institutional, related to the performance of the organization or a crisis in management or leadership. Organizational response and image restoration approaches are mainly

  5. Energy crisis? The likelihood of a global energy crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper assess global energy problems and compares the energy crises of the 1970s with current US energy problems. The reaction of the OECD countries to the oil crises of 1973/4 and 1979/80, the perception of future oil supplies, and the difficulties faced by ordinary consumers in accepting that there is an energy crisis are discussed along with the Californian electricity crisis, the falling US natural gas supplies, and the low return on investment in the US refining industry. The prospect of another oil crisis, and the need for consumers to learn to live with price volatility are considered

  6. Crisis and Crisis Scenarios: Normativity, Possibilities and Dilemmas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Dahl Rendtorff

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This special issue of Nordicum-Mediterraneum contains the proceedings from the first meeting of the third NSU study group called "Crisis and Crisis Scenarios: Normativity, Possibilities and Dilemmas", held March 14-16 2014 at the Lysebu Conference Centre in Oslo, Norway, and with a research program running from 2014 to 2016 aimed at examining the concept of Crisis as it is used today in academia. In this collection of papers from the symposium we present some of the different ways in which the topic of the study group was addressed.

  7. The Iranian nuclear crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article proposes an overview of the Iranian nuclear issue. The author first recalls that Iran has launched a nuclear program during the 1970's with the objective of building several nuclear power stations for electricity production. He evokes contracts signed by the Shah and the consequences of the Islamic revolution after which Iranian governments thought it was absurd to leave these constructions unfinished. The author outlines the several mistakes made by Western countries in their relationship with Iran, and those made by Iran (development of hidden nuclear program for example), which altogether leaded to the present crisis. The author discusses some legal aspects, notably the fact that Iran signed very early the NPT (non proliferation Treaty) as other countries who posses nuclear weapons, did not. He outlines the political challenges at different scales, regional as well as international, and finally discusses the uncertain perspectives

  8. Crisis or Confusion?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Junsheng

    2008-01-01

    @@ While the whole world has been severely affected by the financial crisis that originated in the U.S., the governments of many western countries have injected enormous amounts of cash into their banking sectors in order to maintain financial stability. There is no denying that the U.S. economy has slipped into a recession. Meanwhile, according to the latest statistics, Britain's GDP growth fell 0.5% in the first three quarters this year--the longest consecutive plunge in 16 years, indicating that the U.K. economy is also on the verge of a recession. The pessimistic economic outlook has made cnterpriscs in these countries sacrifice employee benefits by way of pay cuts and downsizing--to stabilize their economics.

  9. The Impending Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond L. Kaplan

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available When you are ill and consult a physician for his or her expertise, many times laboratory testing is part of the clinical workup. This testing is critical to the physician's ability to diagnose the patient's condition. What if testing was not available ... because there was no one to do the testing? Although seemingly far-fetched, this scenario could play itself out in the next ten years due to an impending manpower crisis in laboratory medicine. The profession of Medical Technology, also known as Clinical Laboratory Science, is experiencing a shortage of qualified individuals for a variety of reasons - not the least of which is the closure of almost 70% of the schools teaching this critical profession. Health care workers (HCW rely on accurate and timely clinical laboratory results in order to make decisions for their patients. Because ~ 70% of patient care decisions are based on clinical laboratory results, it is important to have a well-trained supply of laboratory professionals. This article will give an overview of the situation and the possible causes of this shortage, and pose challenges to our profession as to how this crisis can be averted. Visibility of this profession must be a prime focus of this effort in order for the population in general to be aware of the role Clinical Laboratory Scientists play in the health care consortium. This effort should begin early in the educational process, potentially as early as Middle School (junior high school, bringing awareness of the profession not only to students but to educators as well.

  10. Initial steps in extending crisis communication theory towards social media crisis dialogue: revisiting situational crisis communication framework

    OpenAIRE

    Laisi, Suvi

    2013-01-01

    Research Summary The main focus of this research is on the study of stakeholders' naturally occurring reactions to corporate crisis and crisis communication. The literature review aimed to combine situational crisis communication framework (SCCT) with the strategic public relations management theory to establish an idea of strategic two-way crisis communication. The case study evidence is drawn from the Toyota USA Facebook site in relation to the Toyota recall crisis in 2009-2011 and studi...

  11. School Crisis Management: A Model of Dynamic Responsiveness to Crisis Life Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Yi-Hwa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to analyze a school's crisis management and explore emerging aspects of its response to a school crisis. Traditional linear modes of analysis often fail to address complex crisis situations. The present study applied a dynamic crisis life cycle model that draws on chaos and complexity theory to a crisis management case,…

  12. Le origini culturali della crisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available After recalling the financial origin of the crisis and the persistent worldwide fragility of the financial sector, and after citing papers which before 2007 had pointed out the elements of systemic fragility of the US and world economy, the paper illustrates the cultural roots of the crisis, namely the economic views which favoured deregulation policies: the fallacy of the invisible hand of the market and a simplistic view of uncertainty, to which Keynesian uncertainty is opposed, with the consequent underevaluation of the risks of systemic instability. JEL Codes: E44, G01Keywords: crisi; origini; cultura

  13. The financial crisis and securitization

    OpenAIRE

    Ewa Szabłowska

    2010-01-01

    Securitization means the change of non-liquid assets into securities. This topic has become more popular, mainly due to the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis. In this article, an analysis is given of the current situation in financial markets and the changes, which were implemented from the first days of subprime crisis. Also mentioned is the impact the crisis has had on securitization development. Part of the article is devoted to the situation on the Polish financial market. It is quite a new m...

  14. Romanian SMES during the crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolescu, Luminiţa; Popescu, Irina Alina; Ciprian NICOLESCU

    2013-01-01

    The paper looks at how smes from Romania evolved in the period 20042011. The main objective of the paper is to compare smes situation before the start of the economic crisis and during the period of the crisis. The examination is done from a dynamic perspective and the analysis comprises two aspects: a) the evolution of a number of economic indicators related to Romanian smes in the studied period and b) the opinions and the perceptions of smes about the impact of the economic crisis on their...

  15. The HPV Vaccination Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Following the release of a consensus statement from the NCI-Designated Cancer Centers urging HPV vaccination in the United States, Dr. Noel Brewer discusses the country’s low vaccination rates and how clinicians can help to improve them.

  16. The Euro crisis. Causes and Symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Weber, Christoph S.

    2015-01-01

    The Euro crisis is mainly a consequence of the international financial crisis of 2008. Thereby, the term Euro crisis is misleading as there is no currency crisis. First, the article shows some of the birth defects of the Euro. Second, it shows that the increase in public debt was caused by rescue measures for banks and anti-cyclical fiscal policy. Third, we argue that the Euro crisis is not just one crisis (a sovereign debt crisis) but it is a combination of several macroeconomic crises inclu...

  17. Research on Sichuan Cuisine Enterprises Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianfei Nan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available It is impossible to avoid crisis for Sichuan cuisine enterprises. On the basis of emphasizing the importance of the research of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis, the paper mainly analyzed the issue of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis from three aspects including formation mechanism of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis, the impact mechanism of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis and its response measures(such as principles, methods and strategiesin order to provide an important reference so that Sichuan cuisine enterprises have a correct understanding of the crisis, effectively response to the crisis, and strengthen crisis management so as to achieve their scientific development themselves. To some extent, the paper is helpful to cope with the crisis and promote the safety operation of the enterprises which are facing the crisis.

  18. CRISIS – TIME FOR PURIFICATION AND CHANGE

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The present article aims to provide an uneconomic view of the current economic crisis. The text deals with the substance of the crisis in its wide connections and creates a parallel between a general crisis and the economic crisis. It perceives the economic crisis like a kind of illness and indicates a possible solution in the future. The article also contains a hidden philosophical meaning.

  19. Research on Sichuan Cuisine Enterprises Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Jianfei Nan; Lili Zhao

    2014-01-01

    It is impossible to avoid crisis for Sichuan cuisine enterprises. On the basis of emphasizing the importance of the research of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis, the paper mainly analyzed the issue of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis from three aspects including formation mechanism of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis, the impact mechanism of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis and its response measures(such as principles, methods and strategies)in order to provide an important reference ...

  20. Malaysian Perspectives on Managing Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Teresa Qiao Wen

    2009-01-01

    Motivated by a fascination with the question of how financial crisis can be avoided or controlled, this study explores the perspectives of the Malaysian financial community on the 1997-1998 Asian regional financial crisis and the 2007-2009 global financial crisis. Answers have been sought to questions on the assessment of the quality of the 1997 Malaysian crisis response, the degree of learning from that crisis and the subsequent reforms that were implemented. Answers to questions about the M...

  1. CRISIS FOCUS: Stuck With Liquidity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With the risk of large-scale and systematic financial market crashes all but diminished, 2011 marks the beginning of the post-crisis era for the global economy and financial markets. But an old friend of 2010-

  2. CRISIS FOCUS Looking to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The global financial crisis, which has plagued the world economy for two years, is nowhere near an end. Though a double-dip recession is unlikely, a fast and sound economic recovery is still out of reach.

  3. Breakage-reunion domain of Streptococcus pneumoniae topoisomerase IV: crystal structure of a gram-positive quinolone target.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Laponogov

    Full Text Available The 2.7 A crystal structure of the 55-kDa N-terminal breakage-reunion domain of topoisomerase (topo IV subunit A (ParC from Streptococcus pneumoniae, the first for the quinolone targets from a gram-positive bacterium, has been solved and reveals a 'closed' dimer similar in fold to Escherichia coli DNA gyrase subunit A (GyrA, but distinct from the 'open' gate structure of Escherichia coli ParC. Unlike GyrA whose DNA binding groove is largely positively charged, the DNA binding site of ParC exhibits a distinct pattern of alternating positively and negatively charged regions coincident with the predicted positions of the grooves and phosphate backbone of DNA. Based on the ParC structure, a new induced-fit model for sequence-specific recognition of the gate (G segment by ParC has been proposed. These features may account for the unique DNA recognition and quinolone targeting properties of pneumococcal type II topoisomerases compared to their gram-negative counterparts.

  4. Leading in Times of Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Jungbauer, Kevin-Lim

    2016-01-01

    Crisis represents an important contextual variable in the leader-follower relationship. Never is it as important as in times of “shock” when followers experience intense uncertainty and seek for sources of protection and guidance, that leaders are required to step in and find appropriate ways to alleviate fears, restore a sense normalcy, and maintain effective functioning. Over the years, studies from multiple disciplines have accumulated to a large body of literature on the topic of crisis l...

  5. Scorpion sting and hypertensive crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ratti, C.; Grassi, L; Angheben, A.; Gobbo, M; L. Brugioni; R. Zandomeneghi

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND Scorpion stings are very frequent in Centre-South America. The most frequently observed clinical symptoms are: local pain and redness, tachycardia, irritability, hypertensive crisis; but it differs with the scorpion species involved. CLINICAL CASE We describe a scorpion sting in a woman who came back from a holiday in Mexico. Consequently she had a hypertensive crisis treated with furosemide. DISCUSSION The scorpion sting can be very dangerous. There are many species which could be...

  6. Central banks and crisis management

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Haubrich; James Thomson; O. Emre Ergungor

    2007-01-01

    As 2007 began, historians prepared to reflect on several anniversaries of financial turmoil. It had been 10 years since the East Asian crisis, 20 years since the Black Monday stock market crash, 100 years since the Panic of 1907, and 150 years since the Hamburg financial crisis of 1857. Not many, however, could have predicted that 2007 would write its own chapter in history with the subprime mortgage meltdown.

  7. Economic Freedom and Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, I explore the politically contested association between the degree of capitalism, captured by measures of economic freedom, and the risk and characteristics of economic crisis. After offering some brief theoretical considerations, I estimate the effects of economic freedom on crisis risk in the post-Cold War period 1993-2010. I further estimate the effects on the duration, peak-to-trough GDP ratios and recovery times of 212 crises across 175 countries within this period. Estima...

  8. Taxation and the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Alworth, Julian S.; Arachi, Giampaolo; Bilicka, Katarzyna Anna; Ceriani, Vieri; Devereux, Michael P.; Fuest, Clemens; Hemmelgarn, Thomas; Keen, Michael; Klemm, Alexander; Lloyd, Geoff; McCauley, Robert N.; Manestra, Stefano; Masciandaro, Donato; Nicodeme, Gaetan; Passarelli, Francesco

    2012-01-01

    The financial crisis has opened up a global debate on the taxation of the financial sector. A number of international policy initiatives, most notably by the G20, have called for major changes in the tax treatment of financial institutions and transactions as well as individuals working in the financial sector. This book examines how tax policies contributed to the financial crisis and whether taxation can play a role in the reform efforts under way to establish a sounder and safer financial ...

  9. Tres crisis alimentarias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Barkin

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios observados en la sociedad mexicana en los últimos decenios han provocado crisis alimentarias en el país. Este ensayo aborda esta problemática nacional que de alguna forma afecta también el desarrollo de las fronteras de México. El agro nacional se ha transformado en un emporio capitalista, perdiendo con ello su capacidad para proveer los productos básicos de consumo masivo y marginando con ellos a las mayorías campesinas. El sistema económico no ha sido capaz de ofrecer empleo o ingresos suficientes a amplios sectores de la sociedad, por lo que se ven obligados a consumir menos de lo necesario para sostener una vida sana. Incluso quienes tienen los medios están bombardeados con propaganda y limitados por los canales de distribución orillándolos a elegir productos que sistemáticamente deterioran los niveles nutricionales de su consumo diario.

  10. General Aspects of the Economical Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Ioan

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available According to the economic theories, crises does not follow a general model, each of them,presenting unique aspects, representing actually an accident, generated by specific factors, at a certainsocio-economic and political situation. Like a classification of the crisis we can specify: the crisis ofliquidity in the banking sector, external balance of payments crisis, currency crisis, external debtcrisis and the financial crisis. After we have analyze the causes of the major crisis in XIX-th and XXthcenturies, we broach the principal causes of the actual world crisis. The implications of the crisis inEst-Europe and in Romania are analyzed from the point of view of these economies vulnerability anda series of mistakes taken in the governance acts. The theory of State intervention in the adjustment ofeconomic mechanisms, due to J.M. Keynes, is bring like an argument for exceed the negative effectsof the crisis.

  11. Three ethical dimensions of the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Argandoña, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    It has often been said that the financial crisis which has been hitting the world economy since mid-2007 is an ethical crisis. By studying the behaviors of the agents who made the decisions that led to the crisis, we do find evidences of many unethical mistakes. But bad conducts were also present before the crisis and in countries not affected by it: that the crisis has an ethical dimension does not mean that this is its only cause. In this paper we argue that this is a crisis of leadership o...

  12. Post Crisis European Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pop, Napoleon

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis is still evolving, at least from the point of view of some features making the entire process of its reversing very difficult - uncertainties, confusions and lack of investors` trust. More then that, every rim of the Atlantic Ocean has its own opinion as to the timing of the exit stimulus measures. There are prevailing risks taken into consideration when we talk about the next stage of the economic growth e.g. its sustainability on a log run or inflaming the inflation. It is for sure, that according to the core economic policies practiced either in USA or Europe, in Europe what count most is the danger of the inflation, if the right time of stopping the flood of the governmental funds to the real economy is not well chosen. The economic situation in Europe, as all over the world, in spite of some signs that the economy is on the right track ( South East Asia, USA or Germany, there are a lot of doubts as to the assurance that recession is over and there is no way for an immediate return. Notabilities in economics see that governmental intervention should be continued, just because the economic growth consigned by statistics is not convincing. Convictions, if they exist, are blended with a lot of obsessions which in my opinion are making up a serious agenda of the debates in Europe: budgetary deficit in excess, danger of the inflation, new regulation of the financial sector, credibility of the euro zone. Romania has to be involved in all these debates as it is passing through all the mentioned difficulties which need solutions within the frame of European standards, as a member of the EU.

  13. Crisis will impact investments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    supply deterioration. While today's world economic crisis should reduce energy demand, decrease CO2 emissions and decrease electricity and gas prices, the credit crunch will likely delay the needed investments in infrastructure to replace aging plants or to build new plants, electrical lines and gas pipelines. Also, governments will have less tax revenues and will have to limit their spending, analysts said. They might be tempted to reduce financial subsidies to renewable energies, as did the Spanish government in October 2008, limiting its incentives to solar development. Analysts said such decisions could jeopardize the growth of renewable energies, especially wind and solar, which need subsidies to be financially competitive. Governments could also impose new taxes on certain utilities; for example, windfall profits linked to CO2 certificates obtained for free and incorporated in the wholesale prices at their market price. Also, many governments may want to protect their citizens' purchasing power by taking measures such as capping electricity prices (as announced by the Belgian minister of Energy in October 2008) or imposing special measures to protect vulnerable customers (as per discussions currently taking place in the U.K.). During the first half of 2008, some long-awaited mergers and acquisitions were closed, in turn triggering acquisitions of the divested assets following these transactions. The crisis should trigger an increased market consolidation, the acquirers being those with solid balance sheets and cash. Analysts said young companies and new entrants with weak balance sheets could be acquired by stronger ones, thus decreasing market competition. Utilities have to quickly adapt to the new landscape by thriving toward operational excellence, analysts said. This means they will have to streamline their internal processes, simplify their organizations and increase their reactivity while continuously benchmarking their results with the 'best in class'. If

  14. [Crisis and future of humanity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellver Capella, Vicente

    2012-09-01

    We live in troubling times. The economic crisis fills us with anxiety. Young, unemployed and throes to finish living worse fear that their parents are not able to take charge of the situation. What has happened to that Spain and Europe, less than four years ago seemed to land of opportunities for native and foreign, have become hostile territories? The economic crisis does not explain everything; It is only a symptom that the basis on which we were building the future were not as firm. It is true that the crisis has brought to bare the obscenity of speculative financial capitalism. It is also true that this crisis can be the great opportunity to build the world on a human and sustainable economic basis, i.e.,just the opposite of the current submission to the dictatorship of the financial markets. But the contemporary crisis has deep and extensive roots. I will refer to other crises, as important or more than the economic one, because to glimpse the future it is essential to carefully track the present and discover the "weak signals" the latent opportunities that await we become them realities. PMID:23066563

  15. Worldwide spreading of economic crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Garas, Antonios; Rozenblat, Celine; Tomassini, Marco; Havlin, Shlomo

    2010-01-01

    We model the spreading of a crisis by constructing a global economic network and applying the Susceptible-Infected-Recovered (SIR) epidemic model with a variable probability of infection. The probability of infection depends on the strength of economic relations between the pair of countries, and the strength of the target country. It is expected that a crisis which originates in a large country, such as the USA, has the potential to spread globally, like the recent crisis. Surprisingly we show that also countries with much lower GDP, such as Belgium, are able to initiate a global crisis. Using the {\\it k}-shell decomposition method to quantify the spreading power (of a node), we obtain a measure of ``centrality'' as a spreader of each country in the economic network. We thus rank the different countries according to the shell they belong to, and find the 12 most central countries. These countries are the most likely to spread a crisis globally. Of these 12 only six are large economies, while the other six ar...

  16. Implementing a spinosad-based local bait station to control Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) in high rainfall areas of Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delpoux, Camille; Deguine, Jean-Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Three species of fruit flies cause serious damage to cucurbit crops on Reunion Island: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) (Coquillett 1899), Dacus ciliatus (Loew 1901), and Dacus demmerezi (Bezzi 1917). To control them, a program of agroecological management of cucurbit flies has been implemented based on the application of Synéis-appât, especially spot sprays on corn borders. However, the high rainfall on Reunion Island limits the long-term efficiency of the bait; in addition, this method cannot be used for large chayote trellises, because corn borders cannot be planted around them. The aim of this study was to design a bait station adapted to prevailing conditions on Reunion Island. An 'umbrella trap' tested in Taiwan was used as a reference to compare its efficacy with our local bait station. Experiments were conducted in field cages on B. cucurbitae to test different characteristics of bait stations and to construct one using local materials. Results were validated in the field. The attractiveness of the bait station was related mainly to the color of the external surface, yellow being the most attractive color. The efficacy of the bait station with respect to fly mortality was found to be linked to the accessibility of the bait, and direct application of Synéis-appât on the bait station was found to be the most efficient. In the field, B. cucurbitae were more attracted to the local bait station than to the umbrella trap, while the two other fly species displayed equal attraction to both trap types. Our local bait station is a useful alternative to spot sprays of Synéis-appât and is now included in a local pest management program and is well accepted by farmers. PMID:25688089

  17. A method to characterize the different extreme waves for islands exposed to various wave regimes: a case study devoted to Reunion Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Lecacheux

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a new approach devoted to the analysis of extreme waves in presence of several wave regimes. It entails discriminating the different wave regimes from offshore wave data using classification algorithms, before conducting the extreme wave analysis for each regime separately. The concept is applied to the pilot site of Reunion Island which is affected by three main wave regimes: southern waves, trade-wind waves and cyclonic waves. Several extreme wave scenarios are determined for each regime, based on real historical cases (for cyclonic waves and extreme value analysis (for non-cyclonic waves. For each scenario, the nearshore wave characteristics are modelled all around Reunion Island and the linear theory equations are used to back calculate the equivalent deep-water wave characteristics for each portion of the coast. The relative exposure of the coastline to the extreme waves of each regime is determined by comparing the equivalent deep-water wave characteristics.

    This method provides a practical framework to perform an analysis of extremes within a complex environment presenting several sources of extreme waves. First, at a particular coastal location, it allows for inter-comparison between various kinds of extreme waves that are generated by different processes and that may occur at different periods of the year. Then, it enables us to analyse the alongshore variability in wave exposition, which is a good indicator of potential runup extreme values. For the case of Reunion Island, cyclonic waves are dominant offshore around the island, with equivalent deep-water wave heights up to 18 m for the northern part. Nevertheless, due to nearshore wave refraction, southern waves may become as energetic as cyclonic waves on the western part of the island and induce similar impacts in terms of runup and submersion. This method can be easily transposed to other case studies and can be adapted, depending on the data

  18. The Influence of Volcanic Processes on the Distribution of Seismic Velocity Changes at Piton de la Fournaise Volcano (La Reunion)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sens-Schönfelder, Christoph; Pomponi, Eraldo

    2014-05-01

    The velocity of seismic waves propagating in the edifice of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Reunion) is known to change in response to volcanic eruptions. Here we present a detailed investigation of a the period from end of 2009 until end of 2011 that contains eruptions, non-eruptive intrusions and periods of relaxation and perform a detailed comparison of the associated velocity signals. We use data from by 21 seismograph stations of the IPGP/OVPF seismic network installed on Piton de la Fournaise volcano within the UnderVolc project. Seismic noise of vertical and horizontal components of all possible station pairs is cross-correlated in chunks of 24 hours to obtain daily approximations of Green's functions in order to monitor tiny changes in therein that are related to changes of the elastic properties in the volcano. Velocity changes are measured as apparent stretching of the coda. For some station pairs the apparent velocity changes exceed 1% and a decorrelation of waveforms is observed at the time of volcanic activity. This distorts monitoring results if changes are measured with respect to a global reference. To overcome this we present a method to estimate changes using multiple references that stabilizes the quality of estimated velocity changes. We observe abrupt changes that occur coincident with volcanic events as well as long term transient signals. Using a simple assumption about the spatial sensitivity of our measurements we can map the spatial distribution of velocity changes for selected periods. Comparing these signals with volcanic activity and GPS derived surface displacement we can identify patterns of the velocity changes that appear characteristic for the different types of volcanic activity. We can differentiate intrusive processes associated with inflation and increased seismic activity, periods of relaxation without seismicity and eruptions solely based on the velocity signal. This information can help to assess the processes acting in

  19. Monitoring middle-atmospheric dynamics using independent ground-based wind and temperature measurements at Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Pichon, Alexis; Hauchecorne, Alain; Keckhut, Philippe; Khaykin, Sergey; Camas, Jean Pierre; Payen, Guillaume; Kämpfer, Niklaus; Rüfenacht, Rolf; Ceranna, Lars

    2016-04-01

    There are very few multi-instrumented sites in the tropics and particularly in the Southern Hemisphere. In these regions, developing atmospheric sounding methods in the middle and high-atmosphere provides valuable means to improve the physical representation of deep convection in atmospheric models (breaking of gravity waves, coupling between layers) and to better characterize large-scale atmospheric perturbations (cyclones, storms, tropical convection). The Maïdo observatory at Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E) offers trans-national access to host experiments or measurement campaigns for high resolution measurements of dynamic atmospheric processes in a wide range of altitude such as Rayleigh lidar, Doppler lidar, Modem radiosonde, or microwave Doppler spectro-radiometer (WIRA, operated by Institute of Applied Physics, University of Bern). Collocated to the existing instruments, a small aperture infrasound array (CEA) has been operating continuously since 2014. In the 0.1-1 Hz band, the coherent energy is dominated by microbarom signals resulting from the non-linear interaction of large swells systems which circulate along the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC). The seasonal transition in the bearings along with the stratospheric general circulation between summer and winter is clearly noted. Interestingly, the semiannual oscillation (SAO) of the zonal stratospheric wind is well captured by infrasound measurements. It manifests by opposite ducts between 30 and 60 km that persist for several weeks during the equinox period. For the ARISE project (http://arise-project.eu/), this multi-technology site opens new perspectives to study the climatology of SAO as well as poorly resolved atmospheric disturbances of the tropical middle atmosphere where data coverage is sparse.

  20. The use of multilevel models to evaluate sources of variation in reproductive performance in dairy cattle in Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohoo, I R; Tillard, E; Stryhn, H; Faye, B

    2001-07-19

    Sources of variation in measures of reproductive performance in dairy cattle were evaluated using data collected from 3207 lactations in 1570 cows in 50 herds from five geographic regions of Reunion Island (located off the east coast of Madagascar). Three continuously distributed reproductive parameters (intervals from calving-to-conception, calving-to-first-service and first-service-to-conception) were considered, along with one Binomial outcome (first-service-conception risk). Multilevel models which take into account the hierarchical nature of the data were used to fit all models. For the overall measure of calving-to-conception interval, 86% of the variation resided at the lactation level with only 7, 6 and 2% at the cow, herd and regional levels, respectively. The proportion of variance at the herd and cow levels were slightly higher for the calving-to-first-service interval (12 and 9%, respectively) - but for the other two parameters (first-service-conception risk and first-service-to-conception interval), >90% of the variation resided at the lactation level. For the three continuous dependent variables, comparison of results between models based on log-transformed data and Box-Cox-transformed data suggested that minor departures from the assumption of normality did not have a substantial effect on the variance estimates. For the Binomial dependent variable, five different estimation procedures (penalised quasi-likelihood, Markov-Chain Monte Carlo, parametric and non-parametric bootstrap estimates and maximum-likelihood) yielded substantially different results for the estimate of the cow-level variance. PMID:11448500

  1. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Blood tests (which look for chemicals such as tumor markers) Bone marrow biopsy (for lymphoma or leukemia) Chest ... the case with skin cancers , as well as cancers of the lung, breast, and colon. If the tumor has spread ...

  2. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms ... be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors ...

  3. Molecular evolutionary analysis of pH1N1 2009 influenza virus in Reunion Island, South West Indian Ocean region: a cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Pascalis

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Molecular epidemiology is a powerful tool to decipher the dynamics of viral transmission, quasispecies temporal evolution and origins. Little is known about the pH1N1 molecular dynamics in general population. A prospective study (CoPanFlu-RUN was carried out in Reunion Island to characterize pH1N1 genetic variability and molecular evolution occurring in population during the pH1N1 Influenza pandemic in 2009. METHODOLOGY: We directly amplified pH1N1 genomes from 28 different nasal swabs (26 individuals from 21 households. Fifteen strains were fully sequenced and 13 partially. This includes pairs of sequences from different members of 5 separate households; and two pairs from individuals, collected at different times. We assessed the molecular evolution of pH1N1 by genetic variability and phylogenetic analyses. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We found that i Reunion pH1N1 sequences stemmed from global "clade 7" but shaped two phylogenetic sub-clades; ii D239E mutation was identified in the hemagglutinin protein of all Reunion sequences, a mutation which has been associated elsewhere with mild-, upper-respiratory tract pH1N1 infecting strains; iii Date estimates from molecular phylogenies predicted clade emergence some time before the first detection of pH1N1 by the epidemiological surveillance system; iv Phylogenetic relatedness was observed between Reunion pH1N1 viruses and those from other countries in South-western Indian Ocean area; v Quasispecies populations were observed within households and individuals of the cohort-study. CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance and/or prevention systems presently based on Influenza virus sequence variation should take into account that the majority of studies of pH1N1 Influenza generate genetic data for the HA/NA viral segments obtained from hospitalized-patients, which is potentially non-representative of the overall viral diversity within whole populations. Our observations highlight the importance of

  4. The financial crisis and securitization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Szabłowska

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Securitization means the change of non-liquid assets into securities. This topic has become more popular, mainly due to the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis. In this article, an analysis is given of the current situation in financial markets and the changes, which were implemented from the first days of subprime crisis. Also mentioned is the impact the crisis has had on securitization development. Part of the article is devoted to the situation on the Polish financial market. It is quite a new market and it is susceptible to such crises. The Article presents the part played by securitization in the Polish financial market and the circumstances for its growth in the near future. It also covers the latest information related to financial market regulations, which could have direct or indirect impact on the quantity and value of securitization transactions.

  5. Alitalia's Crisis in the Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Romenti, Stefania; Valentini, Chiara

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this investigation is to explore Alitalia and the Italian Government’s crisis response strategies (CRSs) implemented in three specific periods of 2008 to understand Alitalia and the Italian Government’s approach in communicating with media stakeholders as well as to examine...... and the Italian Government. Research limitations/implications – The findings confirm previous investigations on the importance of applying a context-oriented approach in crisis communication management, but they also underline the importance of media relations management. Originality/value – This...... study extends the body of knowledge in crisis communication management and news coverage and offers some suggestions to manage effective media relations within the Italian media system....

  6. CORPORATE DEBT AND CRISIS SEVERITY IN EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinga Niemczak

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse the financial structure of non-financial corporations in the European Union prior to the 2008 crisis and to determine whether the ex-ante differences in corporate financial structure had an impact on the severity of the 2008 financial crisis in European countries. The analysis confirms a negative relationship between the corporate debt ratio prior to the crisis and crisis-induced contractions in corporate investment and GDP. The results indicate a greater importance of the growth in corporate indebtedness in the years prior to the crisis for crisis vulnerability than solely the level of debt immediately before the crisis. The paper has several important implications for crisis prevention and mitigation policy.

  7. Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veil, Shari R.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

  8. How Should Generation Enterprises Deal with Crisis?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Changyuan

    2009-01-01

    @@ Impact of financial crisis gradually spreading With the spread of international financial crisis,the situation of domestic power generation industry is becoming serious.China Datang Corporation suffered an overall loss for the first time in March 2008.

  9. Countermeasures against Crisis by Generation Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Zongfa; Zhang Sufang

    2009-01-01

    @@ Negative effects on generation industry by financial crisis The negative impact of financial crisis on generation industry is reflected in the following aspects. First,the decline of the growth of electricity generation had accelerated.

  10. Crisis communication as an important tool of corporate management

    OpenAIRE

    Francová, Martina

    2009-01-01

    Theory-metodological part: definition of basic terms as corporation -- corporation surroundings, corporate identity and image; extraordinary incident, crisis situation, crisis, crisis management; brief definition of legislative-juristic environment. Definition of the term communications -- common aspects and types of communication. Crisis communication, analysis of available methods of crisis communication in a company, analysis of available tools of crisis communication in a company. Practic...

  11. China and the Darfur Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Muhamad Olimat

    2014-01-01

    Darfur is Sudan’s western region, and the site of one of the major crises of the early 21st Century that dominated world affairs from 2003 to 2009.  The Darfur Crisis competed for world attention with major contemporary issues such as the US invasion of Iraq, the War on Terror, the US presence in Afghanistan, the Arab-Israeli Conflict, the Kosovo crisis and the civil war in Democratic Republic of Congo.  China was largely held responsible for the overwhelming level of force utilized by the Su...

  12. Profit optimization during crisis periods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin BRICIU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article highlights the authors’ attempt to identify a simple and effective calculation method for profit optimization in crisis periods. This method was identified based on the analysis of a representative sample of professionals working in both state-owned and private bakery companies in Romania. The article also presents methodological case studies for three bakery products aimed to highlight the changes in results according to changes of variables in the current business environment. The results obtained are presented and analysed by the authors. The article ends with the authors’ conclusions on the benefits of the Direct-Costing Method and profit optimisation in crisis periods.

  13. Crisis management in metallurgical enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Gajdzik

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of report analysis which presents situation in metallurgical sector after 2008 the range of changes implemented in management of metallurgical enterprises was characterised. A definition approach to crisis management was suggested as the process when the enterprise is managed during the breakdown period in market condition of the economy in the way directed towards preventing the negative effects of crisis inside enterprises. The publication presents the key aspects of enterprise management in the period of collapse of the balance between the supply and demand on the metallurgical market.

  14. Le origini culturali della crisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALESSANDRO RONCAGLIA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available After recalling the financial origin of the crisis and the persistent worldwide fragility of the financial sector, and after citing papers which before 2007 had pointed out the elements of systemic fragility of the US and world economy, the paper illustrates the cultural roots of the crisis, namely the economic views which favoured deregulation policies: the fallacy of the invisible hand of the market and a simplistic view of uncertainty, to which Keynesian uncertainty is opposed, with the consequent underevaluation of the risks of systemic instability.

  15. Sobre la crisis financiera internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Torrero Mañas

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo es una reflexión sobre la crisis financiera internacional en la mitad de su sexto año. Respecto a la evolución de la crisis tengo una sensación agridulce. La parte positiva es que se ha evitado un descalabro inmediato de gran entidad. Mi mayor inquietud procede de los desequilibrios que pueden provocar las finanzas internacionales sin que exista ninguna institución moderadora y ordenadora de los flujos con un ámbito supranacional. Creo que una fuente válida de inspiración serí...

  16. How far is the crisis?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晟

    2012-01-01

      Many readers may be interested on hous-ing price in China. Because it lets thousands of people become millionaires within several years. But the worth to the millionaires must be paid by someone. Which kind of payment should be paid and by who? Recently, Chinese government tries to control the housing price. Which methods are the most effective to control the housing price? If Chinese government could not handle it well, will it have serious fi-nancial crisis in China such like the sub-prime lending crisis in the US 2008. All these ques-tions will be discussed in the essay.

  17. The Gasoline Crisis in Iraq

    OpenAIRE

    Pratap Chatterjee

    2006-01-01

    Pratap Chatterjee in his report to Corpwatch1 indicates the politics of the current fuel crisis is leading to unlikely bedfellows. The governments of Turkey and Saudi Arabia have shut down gasoline exports to Iraq and as a result Baghdad has begun to negotiate with its former arch-rival, Iran. Government officials in Baghdad and Washington claim that the gasoline shortage is ‘insurgent’ or ‘terrorist’ activity but the trucking companies and those living the crisis says it is more often due to...

  18. Developing a crisis response team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zook, R

    2001-01-01

    To handle increased asaultive behavior on three psychiatric units while keeping staff and other patients safe, a Crisis Response Team was developed consisting of staff from psychiatry and officers from security. A written manual included the new policies and procedures and teaching content for verbal and physical deescalation techniques. A special inservice education program for assaultive crisis management was implemented. This model can be replicated in other areas of healthcare where it is necessary to deal with patients who lose verbal or physical control. PMID:11998671

  19. Varieties of capitalism in crisis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruff, Ian; Horn, Laura

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, we provide a brief overview of the two distinct but connected meanings of the phrase ‘varieties of capitalism in crisis’: (1) the crisis of empirical political economies under conditions of capitalist diversity; and (2) the crisis of the institutionalist...... special issue, we consider key aspects of what could constitute an alternative conceptual apparatus: uneven development, variegation, and labour. We conclude by calling for greater dialogue and reflexivity across all of the literatures which study capitalist diversity, for we still have much to learn from...

  20. Crisis Communication in Croatian Business Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Čendo Metzinger, Tamara; Manucci, Marina; Čemerin, Vedrana

    2014-01-01

    Effective management of the communication process is an important factor of successful crisis management in business organizations. Effective communication implies an uninterrupted flow of all relevant information in all directions and at all levels of a business organization, as well as communication with its external environment. In crisis situations the management has to quickly answer these questions: What happened? How it happened? How to act during crisis? What to do so that the crisis ...

  1. Financial Crisis in CR and its expression

    OpenAIRE

    Sleza, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    The diploma is focus on whole term ofthe last crisis registered in 2008, especially the concept of crisis generally understood. The diploma also discusses the emergence of the crisis both in the USA and in the European Union, namely the Czech Republic. In diploma is mentioned as the European debt crisis and Global economic recession, which led the country’s economy to a lower standard of living. The main theme of this diploma is to introduce individual manifestations of financial cr...

  2. The dimensions of the global financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Liliana CRĂCIUN; Manuela Violeta OCHEA

    2014-01-01

    The Global Economic Crisis has shaken the global economic system to the ground determining the economists all over the world to try hard to get the causes and mechanisms of the crisis right. Worldwide timing impact of the crisis was caused by the deterioration of aggregate demand, the uncertainty of the business environment, the rate of financial constraints and market collapse of assets. Considering that the current crisis featured some close similarities to earlier ones we try to answer two...

  3. Lessons from East Asia's Crisis and Recovery

    OpenAIRE

    Bacha, Obiyathulla I.

    2004-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the currency crisis and recovery in three East Asian countries, Malaysia, Thailand and South Korea. Using macro economic data for the three countries over a 13 year period, 1990 – 2002, the paper examines the factors leading to the crisis, the policy response to the crisis, an evaluation of their recovery and the lessons that can be learnt. During the seven year period prior to the crisis, all three countries experienced very rapid GDP growth. C...

  4. Toolbox for crisis communications in tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Koehl, Dexter

    2015-01-01

    Crisis communications is a crucial element of a good crisis management system. It helps limit the negative impact of a crisis by addressing the information needs of all industry stakeholders in an efficient, timely and responsible manner. Against this background, UNWTO has developed for the National Tourism Organizations (NTOs), Destination Management Organizations (DMOs) and private sector organizations involved in travel and tourism, this comprehensive, up-to-date Toolbox on Crisis Communic...

  5. The 2008 Financial Crisis and Taxation Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Hemmelgarn, Thomas; Gaëtan J.A. Nicodème

    2010-01-01

    The 2008 financial crisis is the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression of 1929. It has been characterised by a housing bubble in a context of rapid credit expansion, high risk-taking and exacerbated financial leverage, ending into deleveraging and credit crunch when the bubble burst. This paper discusses the interactions between tax policy and the financial crisis. In particular, it reviews the existing evidence on the links between taxes and many characteristics of the crisis. Fin...

  6. Causes of Global and National Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea UDRESCU

    2012-01-01

    The economic crisis is expected to bring a slow down, stagnation or decrease of the economic activity. The socio-economic crisis in Romania started in 1990 and it continues at present, being emphasized by the financial and economic crisis on the international market. From now on, the crisis exit door for Romania is possible only by operating the morals to all the domains, by unlocking the functional procedures of the financial- economic processes and by showing a performant management at all ...

  7. Pricing in the crisis? :an empirical analysis

    OpenAIRE

    R. Schmidt

    2011-01-01

    In an empirical survey on pricing, teamsteffenhagen GmbH analyzed the impact of the financial and economic crisis 2008 / 2009 on the chemical industry. 80 pricing managers gave insights into the effects of the crisis, the concernment triggered by the crisis and the counter measures that were employed in the companies. The analysis uncovers success factors which promise successful pricing in times of crises. These include, among others, a high pricing performance already before the crisis, a c...

  8. Crisis management in higher education in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alla Bobyleva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article describes approaches to designing crisis management programs for inefficient universities. As a result of research work we present a concept of systematic approach to university crisis management based on implementation of collaborative processes at macro, meso- and micro- levels, different degrees of state participation in crisis management: supervision, recovery, external management, reorganization and liquidation; development of a portfolio of crisis management programs, consisting of standard models for the most probable situations of inefficiency at universities.

  9. Editorial introduction: Education in times of crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Zambeta, Evie

    2014-01-01

    The international fiscal crisis that started in the USA in 2007, initially taking the form of housing bubble burst, toxic financial products and bankruptcy of large banks, has been followed by subsequent waves of countries that were confronted with severe economic recession. The crisis was first to be echoed in Iceland, and then to hit the European economies and the Eurozone itself. The impact of the crisis, however, was uneven among the European states. Mostly affected by the economic crisis...

  10. An Aftermath of the Present Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Popescu Alina; Bâca Eleonora

    2010-01-01

    Our paper aims at discussing the possible consequences of the crisis that the world economy is confronted with. The introductory lines draw attention on the global impacts of the financial crisis, whereas the main body of the study analyzes the three waves that the present crisis might impact on developing countries

  11. The European Central Bank in (the) crisis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Eijffinger; L. Hoogduin

    2012-01-01

    Since the eruption of the sovereign debt crisis in the euro area in May 2010, the ECB (or for that matter Eurosystem) has been in the spotlight of crisis management and resolution. Less attention has been paid to the impact of the crisis on the ECB itself. It is often argued or assumed that the sove

  12. THE UNKNOWN / KNOWN ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    NEGOTIU Calin

    2012-01-01

    The current paper is an attempt to look at several positive and negative aspects of the current financial crisis and past crises, as a result, a symbiosis of student ideas and macroeconomic knowledge. The research aims to look into several uncharted aspects of the crisis, and as a result, to submit several pertinent solutions for the ongoing debate of crisis management.

  13. Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

  14. Fiscal policy and the global financial crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.

     The financial crisis raises demands for fiscal policy interventions. While a fall in aggregate demand is an important consequence of the crisis, it also reflects more underlying structural problems and changes. Hence, appropriate policy designs have to take account of the nature of the crisis...

  15. The Ukraine Crisis: The Battle of Superpowers

    OpenAIRE

    Elmquist-Clausen, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    This project concerns the Ukraine crisis, and how the crisis can be explained as a battle between Russia and the West. The project takes it departure in neoclassical realism, and uses this theory to understand how the actors in the crisis balance each other.

  16. The 2000-2001 Financial Crisis in Turkey: A Crisis for Whom?

    OpenAIRE

    Dufour, Mathieu; Orhangazi, Ozgur

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we study the consequences of the 2000-2001 financial crisis in Turkey to identify the impacts of the crisis on capital and labor. We uncover three significant empirical effects of this crisis. First, international capital benefited from the crisis by both increasing its total assets in Turkey and income flows from these assets, while large domestic financial capitalists also increased their profits in the aftermath of the crisis. Second, industrial capital benefited via a repre...

  17. Geographies of the financial crisis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Aalbers

    2009-01-01

    Real estate is, by definition, local as it is spatially fixed. Mortgage lending, however, has developed from a local to a national market and is increasingly a global market today. An understanding of the financial crisis is ultimately a spatialised understanding of the linkages between local and gl

  18. Crisis Management and Media Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, James V., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Suggests guidelines for college administrators who deal with the media. Discusses social responsibility theory and presents suggestions for student affairs personnel in planning for crisis communication. Stresses the need for accurate, honest information which doesn't compromise the institution legally. (JAC)

  19. An Ever-Rebounding Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Paul Guichard; Antoine Brunet

    2009-01-01

    The current crisis is spreading from the rich countries to those which surround them respectively, countries wherein its degree of gravity is even greater; in turn, that effect sets off a yet stronger backwash in those countries in the Centre, which further aggravates the situation. This reaction is particularly true of the relations between Western and Eastern Europe.

  20. Vietnam and the regional crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Masina, Pietro Paolo

    2002-01-01

    inflows, should be understood in the broader frame of regional contingencies, and not be simplistically explained as investors' discontent (i.e., in order to pressure Vietnamese authorities into implementing a more orthodox neo-liberal agenda). And in a post-crisis regional economic reorganisation...

  1. The Ethical Crisis in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Warren Bryan

    1974-01-01

    Colleges and universities are showing signs of being affected by an emerging ethical crisis (misrepresentation of the job market to graduates, term paper companies, misallocations in financial aid); the needed cure seems to be in better conceptual organization of higher education institutions. (Author/PG)

  2. International organizations and crisis management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olsson, E.-K.; Verbeek, J.A.

    2013-01-01

    In times of crisis, international organizations (IOs) are often called upon for help. Such crises may have both domestic and transnational features. In 2012 the domestic revolt in Syria, which had started the previous year, escalated and the United Nations (UN) was asked to help work towards a perma

  3. Vygotsky's Crisis: Argument, context, relevance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyman, Ludmila

    2012-06-01

    Vygotsky's The Historical Significance of the Crisis in Psychology (1926-1927) is an important text in the history and philosophy of psychology that has only become available to scholars in 1982 in Russian, and in 1997 in English. The goal of this paper is to introduce Vygotsky's conception of psychology to a wider audience. I argue that Vygotsky's argument about the "crisis" in psychology and its resolution can be fully understood only in the context of his social and political thinking. Vygotsky shared the enthusiasm, widespread among Russian leftist intelligentsia in the 1920s, that Soviet society had launched an unprecedented social experiment: The socialist revolution opened the way for establishing social conditions that would let the individual flourish. For Vygotsky, this meant that "a new man" of the future would become "the first and only species in biology that would create itself." He envisioned psychology as a science that would serve this humanist teleology. I propose that The Crisis is relevant today insofar as it helps us define a fundamental problem: How can we systematically account for the development of knowledge in psychology? I evaluate how Vygotsky addresses this problem as a historian of the crisis. PMID:22520196

  4. A Third Wave of Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Compared to conditions during the early months of the global financial crisis,today’s world is experiencing new recession-related symptoms-price hikes of agricultural products and other major commodities,and currency appreciations in emerging economies,to name a few.Sun Lijian

  5. Trust and Financial Crisis Experiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Cruijsen, Carin; de Haan, Jakob; Jansen, David-Jan

    2016-01-01

    Using eight annual household surveys for the Netherlands between 2006 and 2013, we find that respondents' personal adverse financial crisis experiences do not only reduce their trust in banks, but also have an immediate negative effect on generalized trust. Respondents who were customers of a bank t

  6. Owl Pellets and Crisis Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Tom

    2002-01-01

    Describes a press conference that was used as a "teachable moment" when owl pellets being used for instructional purposes were found to be contaminated with Salmonella. The incident highlighted the need for safe handling of owl pellets, having a crisis management plan, and the importance of conveying accurate information to concerned parents.…

  7. Definition of crisis state of enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M. Danich

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to determine the critical situation at the enterprise for early diagnosis and prediction the crises; development of methodical approaches to the solution of problems in this sphere taking into account the prediction of financial crisis for enterprises of different branches of the business activity. The results of analysis. The approaches to the definition of crisis have been analyzed in the article. The considered approaches to the definition of the crisis make it possible to formulate the definition of crisis state of an enterprise. In order to identify the crisis state of enterprises it is suggested to use comparative analysis. The evaluation and the analysis of crisis state are performed in five blocks. First phase of analysis of the crisis defines the probability of the expression of the crisis at the enterprise. It includes criteria for evaluation of generalized probability bankruptcy and comprehensive economic analysis of the efficiency of industrial and financial activity. This analysis is supplied by coefficient, rating and factor methods of diagnosis of crisis. In the practice of prediction of crisis at the enterprise it is proposed to use the model of automata theory. At the second stage it is proposed to identify the main causes of the onset of crisis. The causal connections of a crisis are required sources of forming the necessary information to determine the probability of a crisis in the company. The information database to form a forecasting model of crisis was defined. The next stage in the analysis of the crisis is analysis of costs of the crisis. It has been propose for involves the assessment of the loss, determining the amount of liabilities, estimates of expected financial impact of a crisis. Analyze available resources that can be produced to prevent or overcome the crisis. The analysis of crisis is the use of suggested methodological approach that makes it possible to

  8. Resolving the International Monetary Fund's Legitimacy Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seabrooke, Leonard

    2006-01-01

    Since the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 the International Monetary Fund (the Fund) has been embroiled in an international crisis of legitimacy. Assertions of a crisis are premised on the notions that the Fund's voting system is unfair, and that the Fund enforces homogenous policies onto...... borrowing member states and that loan programs tend to fail. Seen this way, poor institutional and policy design has led to a loss of legitimacy. But institutionalised inequalities or policy failure is not in itself sufficient to constitute an international crisis of legitimacy. This article provides a...... legitimacy allows us to explore what avenues are available to resolve the crisis....

  9. [Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Peña-López, Roberto; Remolina-Bonilla, Yuly Andrea

    2016-09-01

    Cancer is a group of diseases which represents a significant public health problem in Mexico and worldwide. In Mexico neoplasms are the second leading cause of death. An increased morbidity and mortality are expected in the next decades. Several preventable risk factors for cancer development have been identified, the most relevant including tobacco use, which accounts for 30% of the cancer cases; and obesity, associated to another 30%. These factors, in turn, are related to sedentarism, alcohol abuse and imbalanced diets. Some agents are well knokn to cause cancer such as ionizing radiation, viruses such as the papilloma virus (HPV) and hepatitis virus (B and C), and more recently environmental pollution exposure and red meat consumption have been pointed out as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research in Cancer (IARC). The scientific evidence currently available is insufficient to consider milk either as a risk factor or protective factor against different types of cancer. PMID:27603890

  10. Lesson from the crisis' development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    January's gas crisis revealed the European Union's helplessness in energy-political disputes between Moscow and former satellites of the Soviet Union. With former members of the Socialist bloc - besides Ukraine, also Bulgaria and Slovakia paid for the disruption of the gas supply from Russia through Ukraine. Moscow doesn't conceal that raw materials are important weapons in foreign politics. But as demonstrated in the case of Slovakia, not even excessive accommodation towards the former big brother will ensure a more favorable position for the country. The start of this year's gas crisis also had a positive aspect. European Union (EU) members showed a willingness and an ability to cooperate. Brussels sent out orders and national governments developed plans of action to resolve the energy crisis. EU countries, including Slovakia, are noticeably better prepared than last year in case of disrupted energy. In regards to the gas crisis it's necessary to remember the political connection. Particularly in the last years Moscow has been using natural gas and oil to promote political aims and the aims of a world power. The observers and also managers in the sector to whom TREND spoke are in agreement that Moscow won't shut off the gas by the presidential election in Ukraine on January 17. 'Probably nothing will happen,' thinks Dusan Randuska, director of SPP's trade gas division. But he adds that the situation can't be underestimated and a disruption of the gas supply is a risk that can't be eliminated. Even without the problem of Russian-Ukraine gas, the situation in the European gas market is exceptionally good. There is too much gas in the market now. The economic crisis and the current warm winter is causing less gas to be drawn from reserves. Big players are thus placing a surfeit of gas on temporary markets. And currently the situation is that the price of gas in spot markets is lower than the prices of Russian gas. (authors)

  11. Crisis of Youth or Youth in Crisis? Education, Employment and Legitimation Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Robin; Smyth, John

    2016-01-01

    This paper uses the Habermasian concept of legitimation crisis to critique the relationship between post-compulsory education and training and the chronic levels of youth unemployment and under-employment which now characterise post-industrial Western economies, such as the UK. It draws on data from an ethnographic study of the lives of young…

  12. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT IN TIMES OF CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximilian Groh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This aim of this article is to identify unusual strategic-management matters in times of crisis. The research scope is strategic management processes, the characteristics of the processes and methods of strategic crisis management. The study reports research on the contemporary state of strategic crisis-management problems and provides an analysis of some theoretical and methodological principles. The analysis includes a classification of the main problems which must be solved for efficient, strategic, crisis management. The article indicates strategic and tactical management methods used by corporations and raises questions about the functional distribution of strategic management within relevant authorities; it makes practical recommendations for the functional realization of strategic management goals at all stages of a crisis; it identifies the responsible supervisory entities and the main results of strategic management. The range of problems of the subsystems of strategic management in a crisis period is researched; a basic set of strategic competences of the management authorities is found; and the functional distribution of strategic management in crisis conditions is shown. The suggested mechanism for strategic management in crisis situations is the instrument for the prevention and liquidation of crisis phenomena; it increases the efficiency of the adoption and realization of strategic plans to counter crises. Using planned scenarios and mechanisms to run corporations during a crisis may provide the opportunity to maintain strict governance of the actions of corporate top management and to identify the main tasks for neutralizing crisis events as they develop during the crisis situation. Quick and effective implementation of the set tasks during a crisis will help a corporation to increase the efficiency of its anti-crisis measures.

  13. Crisis Management and Resolution:Lessons from the Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stijn Claessens; Oana Nedelescu; Katharine Seal

    2011-01-01

    @@ The recent crisis was unusual in its speed and breadth and the type of countries affected.Systemic crises, situations of significant stress in the financial sector, followed by significant policy interventions, often affect several countries at the same time.In the past, though, crises have been largely limited to specific regions or types of economies, the Nordic countries in the early 1990s, Latin America in the mid-1990s, Asia in the late 1990s, and the emerging market economies of the early 2000s.The recent crisis has been unusual in its global nature, affecting countries with a speed and virulence not seen since the Great Depression, with major advance countries and countries recently integrating with the European Union (EU) most affected.

  14. ¿La crisis de qué crisis?

    OpenAIRE

    Heraclio Bonilla; Luis Peñaloza; Sofía Valencia

    1989-01-01

    Examinar con más cuidado los aspectos nuevos de la crisis actual de la economía peruana, tanto en su dimensión interna, como en la vinculación con su entorno. Esa “novedad”, sin embargo, está explícitamente planteada aquí, no como una ruptura total con el proceso previo, sino más bien como su resultado.

  15. Marxist logic tells origin of current crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵磊

    2009-01-01

    Since the Great Depression in 1929,economists have continued soul-searching for the lessons to be drawn from the crisis.But mainstream reflections have been misguided,conf ined to stereotypical targets of blame such as "lax regulation," "policy mistakes" and "underestimation of risks." Regretfully,understanding of the root cause of the current sub-prime crisis is as superficial as before.The reasons for both crises seem to be polar opposites:the Great Depression of 1929 was triggered by insufficient effective demand,while the ongoing sub-prime mortgage crisis was triggered by "excess" effective demand.In fact,however,the classic crisis and the modern crisis in the capitalist world essentially originate from the same thing:crisis of overproduction.The shift from classic crisis into modern crisis only kicks the ball from supply side to demand side.Given the intrinsic contradictions of the market economy that give rise to the crisis,the analytical framework of "risk and regulation" proves difficult to help us understand its nature.For this reason,we must turn to a Marxist questioning of the crisis.

  16. Horn of Africa food crisis

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    YOU ARE WONDERFUL, THANK YOU! As we have indicated previously, the Horn of Africa is experiencing an extremely severe food crisis as a result of one of the toughest droughts since the early 1950s. A total of over 12 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda are severely affected by this devastating crisis and the UN has officially declared famine in these regions. In addition, children are the most vulnerable victims, with more than half a million children at risk of imminent death from severe malnutrition and an estimated 2.3 million children already malnourished. At the beginning of August we opened an account to receive your donations. We are pleased to announce that the funds received are 30’500 CHF, the total sum of which will be transferred to UNICEF. We would like to thank all those who have contributed to this important cause. Rolf Heuer Director-General Michel Goossens President of the Staff Association

  17. A Communicatively Constituted Online Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara; Romenti, Stefania; Kruckeberg, Dean

    2016-01-01

    specific public crisis perceptions. Drawing from a communicative constitution perspective, the authors argue that if crises are perceptions or experiences of difficult situations that exceed a person’s current resources and coping mechanisms, and if perceptions and experiences in social media are typically...... by offering suggestions on how to study online critical conversations through the lens of a communicative constitution perspective that could inform how critical issues eventually transform and become crises and how crisis perceptions evolve and are discursively shaped by communicative practices...... mediated, then online crises and their meanings are communicatively constructed. The chapter outlines how online conversations constitute discursive practices that make publics aware of critical situations of which they may or may not know and can even construct reputational crises. The chapter concludes...

  18. Communication Problems in Crisis Response

    OpenAIRE

    Lundberg, Jonas; Asplund, Mikael

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes five problem areas of communication that occur during crisis response. These areas arecommunication infrastructure, situation awareness, individual and organizational common ground, form andcontent of messages, and communication paths through organizations. Five focus groups with Swedish fieldpersonnel from national and international crises were performed. The main contribution of this article is ahypothesis, based on the outcomes of the focus groups, about the relation b...

  19. CRISIS FOCUS: Risks to Recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    A sustained recovery of the global economy at a slow but steady pace should be expected in the first quarter of 2010, according to the quarterly report on global economic and financial outlook compiled by the International Finance Research Institute of the Bank of China. But three risks stand out, the report said, that threaten recovery efforts: the sovereign credit crisis, growing inflation pressures and increasing numbers of small and medium-sized U.S. banks filing for bankruptcy.

  20. Global Crisis and Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, William I.

    2004-01-01

    This essay examines Latin America’s experience in the crisis and restructuring of world capitalism from the 1970s into the twenty first century, with particular emphasis on the neo-liberal model, social conflicts and institutional quagmires that have engulfed the region, and the rise of a new resistance politics. The empirical and analytical sections look at: Latin America’s changing profile in the global division of labour; the domination of speculative finance capital; the continued debt cr...

  1. Financial Crisis and Economic Recession

    OpenAIRE

    JESÚS HUERTA DE SOTO

    2011-01-01

    The logic of the historical evolution of the wrong institutional design that affects the financial and monetary system of the so called free market economies up to day is somehow easy to understand: bubbles did continue, financial crisis and economic recessions were not avoided, the bail out of banks was regularly demanded, the lender of last resort was created precisely to bail out the banks.

  2. Structural problems in the crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. STEINDL

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available All over the world the steel industry, the shipyards, the motor car and plastics industries and so on are in difficulty. What may be new, however, is that the structural problem appears now not only in its industrial and regional aspects, but also in its aspect of organisation - the crisis of the large concerns. This paper deals with these various aspects in turn, although they are so closely connected as to be inseparable.  

  3. Structural problems in the crisis

    OpenAIRE

    J. STEINDL

    2013-01-01

    All over the world the steel industry, the shipyards, the motor car and plastics industries and so on are in difficulty. What may be new, however, is that the structural problem appears now not only in its industrial and regional aspects, but also in its aspect of organisation - the crisis of the large concerns. This paper deals with these various aspects in turn, although they are so closely connected as to be inseparable.  

  4. Crisis of the clinical method

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Moreno Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    This is an opinion paper. The author identifies an universal crisis of the clinical method, with dangerous consequences in the practice of medicine. Among its main causes, there are discussed: a deterioration in the doctor-patient relationship, the undervaluation of clinics, the overvaluation of technology, and the indifference for general medicine. A call for attention is made for the restoration of clinical method values and to permanent seed its principles in all medical students and young...

  5. Social Entrepreneurship and Capitalist Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Luise Li Langergaard

    2014-01-01

    The paper discusses the relation between social entrepreneurship and capitalism. In the wake of the crisis erupting in 2008, the political attention to social entrepreneurship has intensified and social entrepreneurship and social innovation has been presented as possible solutions to a number of societal problems. By linking different theoretical trends of social entrepreneurship to Boltanski and Chiapello’s three spirits of capitalism the paper elucidates different variations of social entr...

  6. China and the Darfur Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Olimat

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Darfur is Sudan’s western region, and the site of one of the major crises of the early 21st Century that dominated world affairs from 2003 to 2009.  The Darfur Crisis competed for world attention with major contemporary issues such as the US invasion of Iraq, the War on Terror, the US presence in Afghanistan, the Arab-Israeli Conflict, the Kosovo crisis and the civil war in Democratic Republic of Congo.  China was largely held responsible for the overwhelming level of force utilized by the Sudanese Government in quelling peaceful protests in the region in spring and summer of 2003.  Its oil interests in the Sudan were identified as the main catalyst for its siding with the Sudanese government and shielding it from punitive measures by the international community. Other catalysts include trade relations and arms sales to Sudan. The objective of this article is to examine China’s policy and role in the management of the Darfur Crisis over the past ten years. It’s based on the thesis that, China’s lenient policy toward the Sudanese government, driven by its oil interests has encouraged the Sudanese government to utilize overwhelming force against Darfur’s legitimate protest with impunity.

  7. THE CRISIS FROM THE EUROZONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicu Trandafir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The implosion of the European financial system? The global financial crisis – which still fumes – completed by a series of adjectives: economic, moral, social, political, has shaken the intelectual and political elite causing strong debates and the analysis of the causes, effects and, especially, the solutions of this true ”cyclone”. Some preached even the end of the world for the beginning of another world! It is unanimous the idea according to which the fool monetary system of the world must be deeply re-formed/restructured, not only tamed. For the European Union, the critical problems appeared on the ground of national debt crisis. The countries burdened by national debts – Greece, Spain, Portugal etc – can break down in a conflict - caused by the dilemma who will pay: tax payers, bankers, public sector’s employees, investors! There is the major risk of breaking out a monetary and commercial ”war” as soon as governments face the population rage as consequence of the decrease of incomes and increase of unemployment. Eurozone and European Union are in danger. Profound crisis, institutional block and the lack of efficient solutions will become chronic, and the lack of trust of people in politicians and in the European project will increase.

  8. The World after the Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiberiu BRÃILEAN

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available World economy crisis will outlast. It has not reached the bottom and no efficient policy solution could be seen yet. It is a crisis of global and virtual economy. It is more than a stage of the Kondratiev cycle, it is a structural crisis that tends to turn into a systemic one. But what will the world look like after it? Important changes will come out, changes that the world has not imagined till recently: market fundamentalism will decrease and state capitalism will become the dominant system; financial background will change, financial sector will be reduced and regulated, both nationally and internationally; despite the decrease of global demand, energy, food and commodities cost will rise; a greater but still insufficient attention will be given to the environmental issues; protectionism of all forms will increase; poverty will become endemic in many parts of the world, globalization will persist, as Earth is no longer flat; a technological tsunami is being born in front of us; we will be witnessing the emergence of the feminine principle. Change will become common everywhere, but first of all, we need to embody the change we want for the world.

  9. CRISIS: EFFECTS IN THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL FIELD

    OpenAIRE

    Cosmin Tileaga

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to examine how issues relating to the economic crisis on society nationally and internationally. It reflects its own analysis based on own research aspect based on several macroeconomic indicators. To this end I studied the relationship between financial crisis – the economic crisis – social crisis – political crisis.

  10. International Cooperation and Energy/Environment crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A combination of old and new tensions led to a new energy crisis. This crisis is very difficult to solve due to the multiple interests and the global and sovranational nature of its interdependent dimensions (economic, political and environmental). In a deep global economic crisis context, the challenges posed to the modern world by energy and the environment have to be faced with the international cooperation and dialogue, as it was in the past.

  11. Economic Crisis: Implications for Russian Science

    OpenAIRE

    Mikhail Kuzyk

    2011-01-01

    Based on results of the study "Microeconomic analysis of public policies aimed at fostering innovation" the author evaluates the most significant impacts of the crisis on activities of research organizations. He studies changes in the volume of implemented R&D and the nature of customers’ demands; obstacles to developing partnerships between research organizations and industry; the challenges and opportunities arising from the crisis and crisis management actions planned and taken by the orga...

  12. Mobilization of the south against food crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Delcourt

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available “Creemos que a esta crisis alimentaria hay que darle un nombre más exacto. Todavía no damos con ese nombre. Pero no es una crisis de alimentos,es una crisis de valores en las empresas transnacionales, en los gobiernos y en la cooperación internacional”, Sinforiano Cáceres, presidente de la Federación nacional de cooperativas, Nicaragua (Envío, 2008.

  13. ISSUES RELATED TO THE PRESENT ECONOMIC CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe MINCULETE; Maria Magdalena POPESCU

    2009-01-01

    What began as a global financial crisis has truly become a virulent global economic crisis. The credit crunch that has clogged the arteries of the world financial system has now caused an economic meltdown of global proportions. Several financial experts and economists have warned that the world confronts a mega-economic crisis. This may lead government economic compulsive policies to extensive social unrest at international, regional and national levels, should the earnings of citizens decre...

  14. Global trade imbalance and economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Pelević Branislav; Vučković Vladimir

    2011-01-01

    Global trade imbalance is one of the factors of the ongoing economic crisis. Dependence of Western countries on capital from Asian countries created a supply of innovative financial instruments, which drawn the world into financial and economic crisis. After the crisis, international trade collapsed, with some specific features: trade declined faster than production, trade in equipment and durable consumer products plunged, international supply chains suffered. Future challenges are rel...

  15. Economic Policy after Global Finance Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ece Demiray Erol

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study is to discuss the economic policy problems after 2008 global finance crisis in OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries and provide suggestions for solutions. Even when the global finance crisis and effects this crisis has bring out are put aside, many countries have come across conjuncture problems that affect financial markets and get formed based on these markets. This problem seems to keep economists busy for long. Despite it has ...

  16. Economic crisis and taxation in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Luigi, Bernardi

    2011-01-01

    The recent economic crisis and taxation in the advanced countries - especially in the European nations - are linked in several ways. The tax systems may have exacerbated the crisis, and this raises the question of the need for a better system of taxation in certain economic sectors, especially in the banking sector. It is worthwhile examining the various different effects of the crisis on different kinds of tax revenue, as a result of both the automatic stabilizers and the discretional measur...

  17. Germany; Technical Note on Crisis Management Arrangements

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses Germany’s challenges and measures to strengthen crisis management arrangements. Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin) and the Bundesbank have closely coordinated with the interagency risk committee on banking matters, which also encompasses BaFin representatives for all three financial sectors. The Bundesbank maintains an internal crisis committee and a steering committee. The crisis committee is chaired by a board member and combines expertise from vari...

  18. HOW TO MANAGE A PUBLIC RELATIONS CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Assoc. Prof. Sorina-Raula Gîrboveanu Ph.D; Silvia-Mihaela Pavel Ph. D Student

    2010-01-01

    A crisis is any situation that threatens the integrity or reputation of a company. Public relations is the discipline which looks after reputation, with the aim of earning understanding, support and influencing opinion and behaviour. There have been several examples of public relations crises that were handled. At the same time, there are even more instances where companies have failed to properly manage crisis situations. What can, and must be managed is the response. Each crisis situation i...

  19. Managing crisis of SMEs with restructuring projects

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    While small and medium - sized enterprises in Slovenia, as well as in EU, constitute more than 99% of European enterprises, they are similarly vulnerable during economic declines as we are facing it since 2008. The paper deals with crisis management challenges in SMEs, focusing more on the strategic instead of business crisis. Projects based restructuring processes are presented as a suitable form for dealing with strategic crisis. Seven types of restructuring projects have been identified. B...

  20. Global trade imbalance and economic crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pelević Branislav

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Global trade imbalance is one of the factors of the ongoing economic crisis. Dependence of Western countries on capital from Asian countries created a supply of innovative financial instruments, which drawn the world into financial and economic crisis. After the crisis, international trade collapsed, with some specific features: trade declined faster than production, trade in equipment and durable consumer products plunged, international supply chains suffered. Future challenges are related to possible protectionism and wrong approaches for global rebalancing.

  1. Gender, Governance and the Irish Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Applying a gender lens to Irish political, economic and banking governance means examining the degree to which gender inequality in governance was a strong contributory factor in causing the initial global and economic crisis. It also gives insight into how gender equality in wider decision making can improve governance responses to the crisis. This short paper reviews gender inequality in banking governance as a cause of the crisis (section one) and then examines how patterns of gender inequ...

  2. Contagion and the European debt crisis.

    OpenAIRE

    Constancio, V.

    2012-01-01

    The financial and economic crisis that started in August 2007 is a clear case of the materialisation and propagation of systemic risk. The banking crisis reached a climax in September 2008 with the demise of Lehman Brothers and the subsequent support to the financial system. In spring 2010, it turned into a sovereign debt crisis. Widespread instabilities repeatedly reached new heights since the summer of 2011. This article addresses a phenomenon which is at the very centre of what we are expe...

  3. What can we learn about the history of oceanic shield volcanoes from deep marine sediments? Example from La Reunion volcanoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachelery, Patrick; Babonneau, Nathalie; Jorry, Stephan; Mazuel, Aude

    2014-05-01

    The discovery in 2006, during the oceanographic survey FOREVER, of large volcaniclastic sedimentary systems off La Réunion Island (western Indian ocean) revealed a new image of the evolution of oceanic shield volcanoes and their dismantling. Marine data obtained from 2006 to 2011 during the oceanographic surveys ERODER 1 to ERODER 4 included bathymetry, acoustic imagery, echosounding profiles, dredging and coring. Six major turbidite systems were mapped and described on the submarine flanks of La Reunion volcanic edifice and the surrounding oceanic plate. The interpretation of sediment cores enable us to characterise the processes of gravity-driven sediment transfer from land to deep sea and also to revisit the history of the volcanoes of La Réunion Island. Turbidite systems constitute a major component of the transfer of volcanic materials to the abyssal plain (Saint-Ange et al., 2011; 2013; Sisavath et al., 2011; 2012; Babonneau et al., 2013). These systems are superimposed on other dismantling processes (slow deformation such as gravity sliding or spreading, and huge landslides causing debris avalanches). Turbidite systems mainly develop in connection with the hydrographic network of the island, and especially at the mouths of large rivers. They show varying degrees of maturity, with canyons incising the submarine slope of the island and feeding depositional areas, channels and lobes extending over 150 km from the coast. The cores collected in turbidite systems show successions of thin and thick turbidites alternating with hemipelagic sedimentation. Sedimentological and stratigraphic analysis of sediment cores yielded a chronology of submarine gravity events. First-order information was obtained on the explosive activity of these volcanoes by identifying tephra layers in the cores (glass shards and pumice). In addition, major events of the volcanic and tectonic history of the island can be identified and dated. In this contribution, we focus most attention on

  4. CRISIS AWARENESS OF THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT RESIDENTS: IMPLICATION FOR CRISIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL

    OpenAIRE

    Juraj Tej; Peter Živčák; Viktória Ali Taha; Michaela Sirkova

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This main aim of the study is to examine the crisis (emergency) awareness of the population (forming an integral part of overall crisis preparedness) and its role in crisis management. Frequency and impact of emergencies and disasters in recent years induce the need for effective crisis management. Although it is impossible to prevent disasters from happening, it is possible to have control over prevention and local actors' preparedness. Methodology/Approach: Primary data collection ...

  5. Persistent Organic Pollutants in albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) from Reunion Island (Southwest Indian Ocean) and South Africa in relation to biological and trophic characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munschy, C; Bodin, N; Potier, M; Héas-Moisan, K; Pollono, C; Degroote, M; West, W; Hollanda, S J; Puech, A; Bourjea, J; Nikolic, N

    2016-07-01

    The contamination of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) by Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), namely polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), was investigated in individuals collected from Reunion Island (RI) and South Africa's (SA) southern coastlines in 2013, in relation to biological parameters and feeding ecology. The results showed lower PCB and DDT concentrations than those previously reported in various tuna species worldwide. A predominance of DDTs over PCBs was revealed, reflecting continuing inputs of DDT. Tuna collected from SA exhibited higher contamination levels than those from RI, related to higher dietary inputs and higher total lipid content. Greater variability in contamination levels and profiles was identified in tuna from RI, explained by a higher diversity of prey and more individualistic foraging behaviour. PCB and DDT contamination levels and profiles varied significantly in tuna from the two investigated areas, probably reflecting exposure to different sources of contamination. PMID:27084988

  6. Report on the Planning Meeting for Coordination of Activities of IRD, CRVOI and the FAO/IAEA in Relationship to the Feasibility of Mosquito SIT for La Reunion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    La Reunion has many characteristics that are ideal for elimination of Anopheles arabiensis using the SIT: (1) The breeding areas are relatively small and well-defined by geographic barriers, (2) the numbers of mosquitoes are relatively low, (3) the infrastructure of transportation and communication is excellent, (4) a considerable amount of information regarding the location of breeding sites and seasonal abundance exists, and (5) an existing surveillance and control programme. While the existing surveillance programme has effectively suppressed Anopheles mosquito populations near the highest human population densities, it is unlikely that these programmes will ever lead to eradication. Epidemics of chikungunya virus in 2006-2008 renewed the focus on vector control, but now against Aedes albopictus. This vector is difficult to control, widespread on the island and is unlikely to be eliminated by current methods being applied for its control. To discuss this issues, a meeting was organized with the participation of two French Scientists: Didier Fontenille (IRD) and Koussay Dellagi (CRVOI), with the objective to: (1) to clarify the specific roles of the parties in the SIT-Reunion Phase I project to study the feasibility of SIT and other control methods against Anopheles arabiensis and Aedes albopictus; (2) to identify high priority research activities for which no funds have been identified; (3) to identify possible sources of support including money and personnel; and (4) to outline a timetable of activities to be conducted related to the Agency participation. As a follow up to this meeting a visit was conducted to La Reunion with the objective to participate in a project coordination workshop. This meeting was successful, helpful and necessary for all the partners of the SIT feasibility project; from the evaluations it was evident that the project is satisfactory in terms of the science and the budget allocated to the entire project, although more can be done on

  7. The Transmission of the Subprime Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Meriam Chihi-Bouaziz; Younes Boujelbène; Damien Bazin

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to study the contagion effects of the subprime financial crisis on the real economy of the USA. The contagion of this crisis is measured by increased linkages between markets after a shock has taken place (the stock market shocks, the interbank spread). The VAR model is utilized to examine the relationship between the U.S. markets on two sub-periods: a calm period and a crisis period. Our results show that the subprime financial crisis has seriously affected the economic growt...

  8. Is the financial crisis causing a recession?

    OpenAIRE

    Tatom, John

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. entered a recession in December 2007. Coming in train with a foreclosure crisis that began in late 2006 and its associated financial crisis that began in August 2007, there is a tendency for analysts to attribute the recession to the financial crisis. The worst aspects of the financial crisis that attract attention today did not begin until September 2008 well after the recession began. Other factors account for the recession and could portend the imminent end to the current recess...

  9. AZERBAIJAN AND THE WORLD FINANCIAL CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Masimli, Ali

    2009-01-01

    This article takes a look at the nature and main features of the world financial crisis, the reasons for it, and why it became aggravated. It analyzes the influence of the world crisis on the financial, real, and social sectors of Azerbaijan’s economy. It puts forward possible development scenarios of the situation in Azerbaijan in the context of the world financial crisis. It examines the anti-crisis measures adopted by the government and the Central Bank of Azerbaijan, discusses ways to ove...

  10. Las Crisis Financieras: Un Marco Conceptual

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Parodi Trece

    2009-01-01

    "La crisis financiera internacional, que explotó en 2007 como un problema focalizado en el sector inmobiliario de los Estados Unidos, un año después se expandió a casi todo el mundo, convirtiéndose en la mayor crisis financiera después de la Gran Depresión. Sin embargo, las crisis financieras son un fenómeno recurrente en la historia. El objetivo del presente documento de trabajo es clarificar, desde un punto de vista conceptual qué es una crisis financiera, sus variantes, cómo y por qué se o...

  11. Why there is no crisis of the "spin crisis"

    CERN Document Server

    Bradamante, F

    2016-01-01

    In a recent eprint [1] it is argued that the experimental determinations of the spin-dependent structure function g1 have been done incorrectly and that a reanalysis of those data suggests that the original motivation to argue fora "spin crisis", namely the small contribution of quark spins to the nucleon spin, is invalid. In a subsequent note [2] the theoretical understanding, as it has evolved from almost 30 years of theoretical and experimental scrutiny, has been shortly summarised. In this short note, arguments are presented that the line of reasoning in Ref. [1] does not apply, at least not for the Compass data.

  12. Supervision Experiences of Professional Counselors Providing Crisis Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupre, Madeleine; Echterling, Lennis G.; Meixner, Cara; Anderson, Robin; Kielty, Michele

    2014-01-01

    In this phenomenological study, the authors explored supervision experiences of 13 licensed professional counselors in situations requiring crisis counseling. Five themes concerning crisis and supervision were identified from individual interviews. Findings support intensive, immediate crisis supervision and postlicensure clinical supervision.

  13. Fiscal Policy: Lessons from the Global Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neven Mates

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The global crisis interacted heavily with fiscal policy in the run-up to the crisis, during the crisis and now in the recovery phase. Contrary to the general consensus, the paper argues that in the run-up to the crisis, fiscal policy in the advanced economies and China substantially contributed to the propagation of the global imbalances, while at the same time it reduced the fiscal space that was available to the advanced countries when the crisis occurred. On the policy response during the crisis, the paper suggests that the discretionary relaxation was a mixed blessing at best: appropriate to some extent in countries that entered the crisis with solid fiscal and current account positions, but much less, if at all, in other countries, particularly those that faced problems of public debt sustainability. Even letting the automatic stabilizers operate fully was not an option for countries in a weak fiscal position, particularly in light of the substantial downward revisions in the potential GDP level and growth rates. Looking ahead, the large deterioration in the public debt ratios resulting from the crisis will slow down output growth in the advanced economies, while also requiring painful fiscal adjustment. Emerging market economies, in general, did better in the crisis than the advanced economies, but in most of the post-transition European economies, the effects of the crisis were amplified by the pronounced external imbalances at the outset of the crisis. A majority of European post-transition countries will, therefore, also face substantial fiscal challenges in the period ahead.

  14. How Financial Enterprises Deal with Crisis Public Relation

    OpenAIRE

    Hongxin Li; Chunfeng Yang

    2010-01-01

    This article firstly introduces implication and basic functions of financial enterprises, theories of crisis public relation and necessity of financial enterprises in management of crisis public relation. Major problems of management of crisis public relation in financial enterprises include, imperfectness of internal system of financial enterprises, deficiency of crisis prevention system, weakness of the consciousness of crisis precaution, lack of experience in crisis public relation and def...

  15. ¿Crisis internacional o crisis del capitalismo?.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Hawkins.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The present global recession that sprung out of the US banking and Real Estate sectors in 2007 has its roots in the massive State and financial upheavals implemented in the face of the 1970s crisis of over accumulation. These transformations had as their objective the reneging of the Keynesian, tripartite model of regulation and its association with the ‘Welfare State’. As such, the post-1970 neo-liberal financial order can be best seen as a ‘class project’ to reassert the dominance of grand capital, especially financial capital, both in the political and economic fields. Examining the intricate links between the present crisis and the structural governance changes enacted over the past 30 years, principally in the United States, the fallacies of ultra-growth and the speculative model become obvious as do their class dimensions and impact. However, despite the seeming ideological death of neo-liberalism, on close inspection, the policies so far enacted by the Obama administration make no concerted move out of the past era of financial sector hegemony.

  16. Subatomic spin still in crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new detector on the HERA positron-proton collider in Germany has cofirmed that there really is a crisis in particle physics: the conundrum about the toplike spin of protons and neutrons. These particles are composed o quarks, which themselves spin, but the quarks don't contribute nearly enough spin to explain the total. Results announced last week from the new detector called HERMES, have confirmed the shortfall and shown that HERMES's new spin-probing technology is working properly, eventually hopefully tracking down the missing spin

  17. Traditional budgeting during financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Marie Anne Lorain; Aurora García Domonte; Francisco Sastre Peláez

    2015-01-01

    [ES] Este estudio examina la evolución de la gestión presupuestaria en el extremadamente difícil entorno económico español. A fin de analizar si las empresas aún continúan utilizando los presupuestos y si se están enfrentando a mayores dificultades para lograr unas predicciones fiables, se han realizado dos encuestas similares en fechas distintas, la primera en 2008, al inicio de la crisis financiera, y la segunda en 2013, después de cinco años de tendencia bajista. Los resultados obtenidos c...

  18. Financial Crisis and Bank Ratings

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Muñoz, Carlos

    2014-01-01

    El principal objetivo de esta tesis doctoral es el análisis del comportamiento de las agencias de calificación cuando evalúan a las entidades bancarias así como el efecto que tienen sus ratings sobre los mercados financieros antes y durante la crisis financiera que se inicia en el año 2007. Si bien es cierto que en la literatura existen numerosos trabajos que se centran en el estudio de los ratings soberanos en cuanto a modelización e impacto que tienen los ratings en los mercados financieros...

  19. Financial crisis and bank lending

    OpenAIRE

    Simon H. Kwan

    2010-01-01

    This paper estimates the amount of tightening in bank commercial and industrial (C&I) loan rates during the financial crisis. After controlling for loan characteristics and bank fixed effects, as of 2010:Q1, the average C&I loan spread was 66 basis points or 23 percent above normal. From about 2005 to 2008, the loan spread averaged 23 basis points below normal. Thus, from the unusually loose lending conditions in 2007 to the much tighter conditions in 2010:Q1, the average loan spread increase...

  20. The Causes of a Crisis, Crisis Management and Environmental Risks illustrated through the Buncefield Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    GEORGIOU, ANASTASIA MARIA

    2009-01-01

    Crises are inevitable events whether the company is crisis prone or crisis prepared. However, the consequences of every crisis or disaster differ as do their magnitude and severity. There have been a number of frameworks developed that try to explain crises and crisis management. The crisis models referred to in this thesis include Turner’s (1978) socio-technical framework, Shrivastava’s (1988) HOTRIP Model, Mitroff’s (1989) Onion Model, the Medical Model and Perrow’s (1984) Normal Accident T...

  1. Risk factors for developing postthymectomy myasthenic crisis in Thymoma Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueming Wu

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Thymoma patients with a large dosage of pyridostigmine bromide administration, postsurgery pulmonary infection and myasthenic crisis prior surgery were easy to have postthymectomy myasthenic crisis.

  2. Discursive Strategies for Crisis Management:A Case Study of the John-son & Johnson TYLENOL® Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yi-ran

    2016-01-01

    Being able to respond effectively in the event a crisis is relevant to an organization’s survival. Whether or not an orga-nization is prepared for a potential crisis depends upon communications. Corporations with established crisis management com-munication strategies are able to communicate and respond promptly at the advent of a crisis. This paper focuses on how to han-dle management crisis effectively from discursive perspective via a case study of the Johnson and Johnson TYLENOL® crisis.

  3. NBP towards crisis on financial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Wieslawa Przybylska-Kapuscinska

    2010-01-01

    The article synthetically presents economic situation in Poland as well as in the whole word during the crisis from 2007 to 2009. It also describes the condition of Polish banking sector and points its main problems, which accompany the occurence of credit crunch. The paper shows changes in Central Banks` actions during actual crisis.

  4. Neo-Liberalism in Crisis? Educational Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, David

    2011-01-01

    Until the global financial crisis, neo-liberalism had appeared invincible. This article examines the global rise of neo-liberalism and its impact on education, particularly its treatment of the social democratic ideal of equality. Drawing on examples from education and other socio-political factors, it considers whether the financial crisis is…

  5. Economic and financial crisis and SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Stefanescu, Roxana

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents aspects regarding the impact of the economic and financial crisis on the SMEs. It also analysis some proposals in order to protect SMEs from the crisis. There are also presented the results of a research realized based on a questionnaire addressed to a number of 121 SMEs from all regions from Romania and operating in all fields of activity.

  6. GLOBAL CRISIS IMPACT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT UKRAINE

    OpenAIRE

    ЛУК’ЯНЕНКО, О.Д.; ДВНЗ «Київський національний економічний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана»

    2012-01-01

     Factors that caused global economic crisis have been explored. The estimation of crisis processes development in Ukrainian economy has been made. Anticrisis macroeconomic actions have been generalised and their effectiveness was analysed. The perspectives of recovery processes of global economic growth have been outlined.  

  7. Attractor merging crisis in chaotic business cycles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A numerical study is performed on a forced-oscillator model of nonlinear business cycles. An attractor merging crisis due to a global bifurcation is analyzed using the unstable periodic orbits and their associated stable and unstable manifolds. Characterization of crisis can improve our ability to forecast sudden major changes in economic systems

  8. Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

  9. Preferences for redistribution after the economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyses the effects of the recent Economic Crisis on individual preferences for redistribution in 23 European countries. After implementing a decomposition of the variation in these preferences, it is showed that the crisis was highly significant in increasing support for redistribution. It is found that more unemployment and, in particular, youth unemployment has considerably raised the citizens’ demand for redistribution.

  10. Economic crisis and oil market balances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One might intuitively think that an economic crisis would at least relieve the pressure on oil supply since it slows energy demand. From the model of the oil market DYSMO, we show that an economic crisis may on the contrary increase tension, as it postpones investment in oil supply. (authors)

  11. Miscarriage: A Special Type of Family Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Randal D.; Hooks, Daniel

    1987-01-01

    Surveyed 102 women about their experience with miscarriage. Found that family resource variables were a much stronger predictor of level of crisis and recovery than were personal or community resource variables. Adaptation and cohesion were significant predictors of speed or recovery and level of crisis, respectively. (Author/NB)

  12. The electric power crisis in California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The RTE Director analyses the California electric power crisis: the operating system and reasons of crisis. He shows the leakages of such a distribution system and explains the differences with the european and more specially french operation. (A.L.B.)

  13. Meditaciones popperianas sobre la crisis financiera

    OpenAIRE

    Estrada, Fernando

    2010-01-01

    In this brief meditation, financial crisis is described as coming from a deeper crisis on economic theory and its teaching in colleges and universities. Larger studies of the economy towards applied fields of social sciences, is the challenge of the present.

  14. CAN syndrome in the crisis intervention

    OpenAIRE

    IGNATIDISOVÁ, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    This work is focused on CAN syndrome (child abuse and neglect syndrome) in the crisis intervention. This thesis deals with closer analysis of individual forms of CAN syndrom - mainly with physical abuse, psychological abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Basic legislative of this topic and the most important institutions which care about children with CAN syndrome within crisis intervention are presented here.

  15. Network centric operations in crisis management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ven, J. van de; Rijk, R. van; Essens, P.; Frinking, E.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the approach to implement network centric operations (NCO) in the Dutch crisis management domain. NCO resolves a number of important shortcomings related to the supply and flow of information experienced in current verbal communication-based crisis management. First, we provide

  16. Crisis Communications in a Digital World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trump, Kenneth S.

    2015-01-01

    Kenneth Trump, a school safety expert who consults with districts on how to respond to school safety crises, explains how the new prevalence of threats of violence being delivered over digital and social media creates for administrators a "communication crisis" that unfolds alongside the real or perceived crisis of school safety being…

  17. Crisis Management's New Role in Educational Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainey, Barbara S.

    2009-01-01

    From natural disasters to the financial debacle, it is clear to the educational community that crises know no boundaries. Far from a passing fad, crisis planning must be an integrated part of effective school district leadership. Two studies explore the status of crisis management in selected public school systems and offer recommendations for…

  18. Creating Your School's Crisis Management Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blythe, Bruce T.

    2001-01-01

    Schools can reduce their vulnerability to violence and other hazards by analyzing foreseeable risks, assembling a broad-based crisis-management team (CMT), providing adequate staff training, and developing a crisis manual. Common response problems concerning decision-making authority, communication, and performance expectations for CMTs are…

  19. Do You Have a Crisis Management Plan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pleviak, Walter; Milkevitch, Frank

    2001-01-01

    Although certain crises cannot be prevented, reactions to many can be planned. A crisis-management team should be organized for each building. Critical crisis-plan elements include telephone trees, forms, reference articles, sample letters, and processes for dealing with local media. Spokespersons should have facts straight before speaking. (MLH)

  20. Risk communication in times of crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Böl, Gaby‐Fleur

    2015-01-01

    The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is an instructive lesson on the difficulties of risk communication in times of crisis. The most effective strategy to improve communication during a crisis is to build public trust in officials and academics long before disaster strikes.

  1. The Global Crisis and Cyclical Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George HARALAMBIE

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The dynamics of social development shows that, throughout history, economies have experienced periods of boom and crisis, which were repeated at short, medium and long term, which induces the idea of cyclicality. The effects of the crisis were experienced in terms of investment, output, aggregate demand.

  2. La crisis latente del Darwinismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdalla, Maurício

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article I will be analyzing the Darwinist paradigm in the biological science, discussing its capacity to give satisfactory understanding of the new data from biochemistry, microbiology and genetics. The general aim of this analysis is to contribute for the debate about the statute of the scientific theories. Its specific aim is to reflect upon a possible crisis of the Darwinist paradigm, which could corroborate the conception of scientific theories as something historically transitory, and not as definitive discoveries.

    El presente artículo analiza el paradigma darwinista en las ciencias biológicas a partir de la pregunta sobre su capacidad de explicar satisfactoriamente los nuevos datos obtenidos de la bioquímica, la microbiología y la genética. El objetivo general del análisis es contribuir con una discusión acerca del estado de las teorías científicas y el objetivo específico es reflexionar sobre una posible crisis del paradigma darwinista, lo que corroboraría la concepción de las teorías científicas como algo históricamente transitorio y no como descubrimientos definitivos.

  3. Somos parte de la crisis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingeniería e Investigación Revista

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Muchos años estuvimos resistiéndonos a aceptar la difícil situación que en todos los órdenes vivía el país. Finalmente, y como consecuencia de intereses ajenos a los que realmente debían guiarnos, estalló o quizá sea mejor decir, se agudizo la crisis del sistema. El tema no es nuevo, y recabar sobre el mismo, no pasaría, en el mejor de los casos, de ser un simple mea-culpa que dudamos aporte luces a la solución del problema. Sin embargo, pretender cerrar los ojos frente a la crisis, también resulta imposible, y mas aun, cuando la consecuencia directa de ella se refleja en la perdida, cada vez mayor, de confianza de la ciudadanía en todos los estamentos de la nación, pero fundamentalmente porque institucionalmente somos parte de ella.

  4. Traditional budgeting during financial crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Anne Lorain

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the evolution of budgeting practices in the extremely difficult Spanish economic environment. In order to analyse if companies are still maintaining their budgeting process and if, right now, they are facing more difficulties in forecasting accurate indicators, two similar web surveys were addressed over two periods of time, firstly in 2008 at the beginning of the financial crisis, and secondly in 2013 after five years of a downward trend. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted to investigate how companies brought more flexibility to their budgeting process in order to cope with environmental uncertainty. The survey indicates that 97% of respondents are still using a traditional budgeting process being this result similar to the one found in 2008. However, 2013 showed that the reliance on forecasted information is being increasingly questioned. Furthermore the study revealed that the respondents are bringing more flexibility to their processes, being able to modify the objectives once the budget is approved and to obtain new resources outside the budgeting process. This paper contributes to revealing information about difficulties in setting reliable objectives in a turbulent environment and provides data about the evolution of budgeting practices over five years during an austere economic crisis.

  5. Horn of Africa food crisis

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2011-01-01

    Dear colleagues, As many of you are already aware, the Horn of Africa is experiencing an extremely severe food crisis as a result of one of the toughest droughts since the early 1950s. A total of over 12 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda are severely affected by this devastating crisis and the UN has officially declared famine in these regions. In addition, children are the most vulnerable victims, with more than a half million children at risk of imminent death from severe malnutrition and an estimated 2.3 million children already malnourished. An immediate, determined mobilization is required in order to avert an imminent humanitarian catastrophe and to prevent millions of people from being robbed of a future through the scourge of hunger and malnutrition. CERN has decided to join this international mobilization by specifically opening an account for those who want to make a donation to help the drought- and famine-affected populations in the region. Children being the first...

  6. A Raman lidar at La Reunion (20.8° S, 55.5° E for monitoring water vapor and cirrus distributions in the subtropical upper troposphere: preliminary analyses and description of a future system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Morel

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A ground based Rayleigh lidar has provided continuous observations of tropospheric water vapor profiles and cirrus cloud using a preliminary Raman channels setup on an existing Rayleigh lidar above La Reunion over the period 2002–2005. With this instrument, we performed a first measurement campaign of 350 independent water vapor profiles. A statistical study of the distribution of water vapor profiles is presented and some investigations concerning the calibration are discussed. The data set having several long acquisition measurements during nighttime, an analysis of the diurnal cycle of water vapor has also been investigated. Analysis regarding the cirrus clouds is presented and a classification has been performed showing 3 distinct classes. Based on these results, the characteristics and the design of a future lidar system to be implemented at the new Reunion Island altitude observatory (2200 m for long-term monitoring is presented and numerical simulations of system performance have been realized to compare both instruments.

  7. From the Crisis of Corporatism to the Crisis of Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Poul F.

    societal crises characterising this period. Other observers, on the other hand, have mainly seen the corporatist surge as a reaction and possible solution to societal crises. In a similar vein the emergence and expansion of new types of governance institutions since the 1980s have been understood as both...... the cause and as a reaction to the protracted series of crises characterizing (Western) Europe and the rest of the Western world from the 1970s to the recent financial crisis. On this background, this paper examines the close link between societal crises and the evolution of intermediary institutions...... in their corporatist, neo-corporatist and governance variants. Intermediary institutions, it is argued, fulfil a dual role insofar as they simultaneously are oriented towards the internal stabilization of social processes and the establishment of compatibility between the social process in question...

  8. CANCER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Kavoussi

    1973-09-01

    Full Text Available There are many carcinogenetic elements in industry and it is for this reason that study and research concerning the effect of these materials is carried out on a national and international level. The establishment and growth of cancer are affected by different factors in two main areas:-1 The nature of the human or animal including sex, age, point and method of entry, fat metabolism, place of agglomeration of carcinogenetic material, amount of material absorbed by the body and the immunity of the body.2 The different nature of the carcinogenetic material e.g. physical, chemical quality, degree of solvency in fat and purity of impurity of the element. As the development of cancer is dependent upon so many factors, it is extremely difficult to determine whether a causative element is principle or contributory. Some materials are not carcinogenetic when they are pure but become so when they combine with other elements. All of this creates an industrial health problem in that it is almost impossible to plan an adequate prevention and safety program. The body through its system of immunity protects itself against small amounts of carcinogens but when this amount increases and reaches a certain level the body is not longer able to defend itself. ILO advises an effective protection campaign against cancer based on the Well –equipped laboratories, Well-educated personnel, the establishment of industrial hygiene within factories, the regular control of safety systems, and the implementation of industrial health principles and research programs.

  9. THE EFFECTS OF 2008 GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS ON BORROWING RATES OF MANUFACTURING COMPANIES: PRE-CRISIS AND CRISIS COMPARISON

    OpenAIRE

    Dömbekci, Berna

    2014-01-01

    The global economic crisis of 2008 has affected more or less every country. Governments have to take special precautions to ease the severe effects of the crisis in their financial and real sectors. The interest rate is an important indicator of economic stability and should be maintained at a level where the economic agents do not decide to postpone their growth plans. For this reason, this article will focus on the effects of the 2008 global economic crisis on the borrowing rates of Turkish...

  10. CRISIS AWARENESS OF THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT RESIDENTS: IMPLICATION FOR CRISIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juraj Tej

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This main aim of the study is to examine the crisis (emergency awareness of the population (forming an integral part of overall crisis preparedness and its role in crisis management. Frequency and impact of emergencies and disasters in recent years induce the need for effective crisis management. Although it is impossible to prevent disasters from happening, it is possible to have control over prevention and local actors' preparedness.Methodology/Approach: Primary data collection was carried out on the basis of a questionnaire survey which monitors the overall crisis awareness among the population of Kosice district, specifically awareness of concepts related to crisis management and actions within collective protection of the population. For the analysis have been chosen three areas related to crisis management processes in terms of collective protection at the discretion of local self-governments, namely evacuation, hygiene, and communication.Findings: The results showed relatively good but still not sufficient level of population awareness about concepts related to crisis management and public (civil protection activities. In response to the survey results are conceived proposals and recommendations.Research Limitation/implication: In Slovakia, the issue of crisis management is most elaborated in the business area, the area of public administration lags behind. Examination of crisis (emergency preparedness is not the current practice in our country.Originality/Value of paper: The originality and value of the study lies in the fact that it conceptually develops a theoretical framework for monitoring and assessment of residents' crisis awareness and evaluating effectiveness of crisis communication within self-government. The study represents one of the rare attempts to find out how residents of large cities (with increased population density currently perceive the necessity of knowledge in the field of crisis management.

  11. ROMANIAN ECONOMY IN THE EUROPEAN CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurel Mihuţ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available European economy still faces today, one of the worst economic and financial crisis since the Second World War. Economic and financial crisis has spread worldwide with maximum speed, the economies of all Member States of the European Union encountering serious difficulties, both in the banking system and real economy. Romanian economic crisis started in 2008 and the uncertain deadline, is a matter of concern for many people. It is true that today we are witnessing the worst crisis in 80 years. We have an official explanation of the crisis, provided by public institutions, that the problem stems from inappropriate behavior of economic agents: selfishness, greed, speculation and market unable to function smoothly, ensuring proper allocation of resources: information asymmetry, liquidity trap , deflation, etc.On the other hand, most researchers, members of the academic, and private sector analysts argue that state intervention just planted seeds of financial turmoil that cross the present. The recipe prescribed by the authorities can result in mitigation of economic difficulties but, in contrary to their aggravation. The economic crisis is the result of several factors, which mainly include monetary policy errors, distorted economic incentives and pathology of the banking and financial regulatory policy.This paper is to highlight what triggered today's crisis in the Romanian economy, hoping to find a remedy to the problems of the economic, social and political that we face.

  12. La crisis Colombiana y Peru.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isaias Rojas-Perez.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Peruvian foreign and security policies regarding the Colombian conflict in the context of the discourses on securitization emerging in the region in the late twentieth century. Specifically, it compares the governments of Fujimori and Toledo to argue that, in spite of their differences in political genealogy (authoritarian and democratic, respectively, both governments have responded to the Colombian crisis in similar ways by following U.S. security discourses regarding the "war on drugs" and the "global war on terrorism". However, while Fujimori attempted to mobilize the Colombian conflict as part of his strategy to remain in power for an unconstitutional third term, Toledo has used it to assure the survival of his constitutional mandate.

  13. Chapter 8: The credibility crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the credibility crisis, a generalized state of conflicting cognitions is probably prevalent, along with possible individual and social pathologies. These cognitive conflicts and emotional traumas are linked to both the characteristics of Chernobyl as a human-made disaster and the specific nature of Chernobyl as a nuclear disaster. Three major elements as constituents of this nature are identified: The rupture of a social contract, the loss of a socially valued object, and the sudden removal of established distances. Further research and basic information are needed in this area where little specific observation is reported. A better grasp of the impact of nuclear energy on our societies can lead to better adapted policy, increased local and social solidarity, more decentralized initiative and risk management, and better organized primary prevention in nuclear disaster. (orig./DG)

  14. FISCAL POLICY AND FINANCIAL CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burim GASHI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will try to analyze the fiscal policy and to suggest fiscal policy measures as very crucial instrument to market economy during the global financial crisis. Decision makers of monetary and financial policy in Kosovo currently are not under taking significant measures to promote growth and development. Public spending is excessive; the public debt is constantly growing, current account deficit also. In addition unemployment is high, capital investments in public and private sectors are insufficient, as well as investments in science and education. Market infrastructure in Kosovo is not functional and market laws are not enforced. The central government in Kosovo is facing trade of between market liberalization and challenges with public spending. Therefore fiscal policy measures are insufficient and cannot stimulate economic growth.

  15. From War to Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2014-01-01

    The present article analyzes the transformation of the long-term risks of protracted wars from the battlefield to the economic system. Major wars, supplied with strong capacities due to extended manpower resources, advanced logistic capabilities and permanency of campaign, expose their states to ...... the link between the Vietnam War, the Afghanistan War, the Iraq War, and the background for the financial crisis that began in 2008....... to extremely costly engagements. This includes heavy long-term costs for war veterans. Accordingly, the center of gravity on the battlefield (Clausewitz) is transformed to the financial systems of taxes and credit systems. This is a classical historical lesson; but this story is indeed central to understanding...

  16. Presentation of the CEA's crisis national organization: coordination centre in case of crisis, crisis technical teams, intervention means, and so on

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having briefly recalled the existence of a legal framework for crisis management organisation, this report briefly describes how the CEA plans the crisis management. This management is based on the definition of critical scenarios, on the building up of a crisis management team, and on the elaboration of crisis management operational documents. It evokes the alert organisation and the triggering of crisis management. Then, it describes the CEA's national crisis organisation with its main crisis management structures, the role and the operation of the Crisis Coordination Centre (CCC, the decision body), the role and operation of the Central Crisis Technical Teams (ETC-C, Equipes Techniques de Crise Centrales), the role of field interveners (various rescue, protection, health care and technical teams) and of other additional intervention actors. It evokes the objectives of the various exercises which are organised every year at the internal, national or international level

  17. CRISIS Y CRÉDITOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Trillo de Leyva

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El deseo de hacer más objetivos los criterios de valoración, tanto en la docencia como en la investigación, han introducido términos económicos en el vocabulario universitario cuando asistimos al peor momento de una crisis económica global. La unificación de los criterios se ha producido a la baja, nos ha llevado a valorar más la cantidad que la calidad y la pasividad más que la actividad.En esta situación nos enfrentamos a la reforma de los planes de estudio conforme a las directivas de la reunión de Bolonia, reforma que debemos aprovechar para reconsiderar y mejorar la situación actual. El debate se produce en torno a los significados de los términos: transversalidad, coordinación, integración, compactación, esponjamiento, actividad, simultaneidad y secuenciaSUMMARY The desire to make evaluation criteria more objective, in both teaching and research, has introduced economic terms into the university vocabulary when we are in the middle of a global, economic crisis. The unification of the criteria has produced a downturn and has led us to value quantity more than quality and passivity more than activity.In this situation we approach the reform of the curricula according to the directives of the meeting in Bologna, a reform which we must use to reassess and to improve the present situation. The debate takes place around the meaning of the terms: transversality, coordination, integration, compaction, absorption, activity, simultaneousness and sequence.

  18. Bank regulation and supervision around the world : a crisis update

    OpenAIRE

    Čihák, Martin; Demirgüç-Kunt, Aslı; Pería, María Soledad Martinez; Mohseni-Cheraghlou, Amin

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the latest update of the World Bank Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey, and explores two questions. First, were there significant differences in regulation and supervision between crisis and non-crisis countries? Second, what aspects of regulation and supervision changed significantly during the crisis period? The paper finds significant differences between crisis and ...

  19. ESTIMATION OF CRISIS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON DOMESTIC ENGINEERING ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Y. Zhorova

    2013-01-01

    The state of crisis of corporate governance in is studied along with the common signs and causes of crisis on domestic engineering enterprises. The paper elucidates the concept of crisis of corporate governance. The main features of the effectiveness of crisis corporate governance are highlighted.

  20. Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturges, David L.

    1994-01-01

    Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

  1. Analysis of Management Strategies of Corporate Public Relation Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Lixin Sun

    2010-01-01

    Public relation crisis management has been an important research task in the modern management. Starting from the harms of the public relation crisis, the causes, management methods and principles of the public relation crisis are analyzed in this article. For public relation crisis management, enterprises should admit it timely so as to benefit from it.

  2. International financial integration and crisis intensity

    OpenAIRE

    Rose, Andrew K

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the causes of the 2008–2009 financial crisis together with its manifestations, using a Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause (MIMIC) model. The analysis is conducted on a cross-section of 85 economies; I focus on international financial linkages that may have both allowed the crisis to spread across economies, and/or provided insurance. The model of the cross-economy incidence of the crisis combines 2008–2009 changes in real gross domestic product (GDP), the stock marke...

  3. The Crisis And Central Bank Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu CERNA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The world economy is in the face of the strongest crisis of the last seventy years. This crisis is still ongoing, but authorities in many countries have already taken a series of measures to mitigate the effects. In this fight, the central banks are the first line. It is still too early to draw any lessons from the events taking place, but a reflection "sine ira et studio" over this experience is already possible. This paper aims to analyze this experience through the policies implemented by central banks to cope with the crisis.

  4. Crisis homes for adult psychiatric patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Jørgen; Freiesleben, Michael; Foldager, Leslie

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Inspired by the Crisis Home programme in Madison, we have adapted and evaluated the programme at the Community Mental Health (CMH) Centre in Tønder, Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Procedures and schedules from the Crisis Home programme were applied in this open trial. Questionnaire ...... and the referrers were very satisfied with the programme and the treatment. CONCLUSION: Crisis home stays represent a quality improvement in the treatment package, especially for patients with a more severe mental disorder. Further documentation will require a controlled study....

  5. Percepciones venezolanas sobre la crisis de colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Kornblith.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effects of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela and the perceptions of threat of the country's leading political actors regarding Colombia's security crisis. The author discusses the tangible consequences of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela. Second, the ways in which the security crisis has been perceived and politically maneuvered by the Venezuelan government is explored. Finally, the article traces the interaction been the securitization of security and defense issues in Venezuela, and perceptions about the Colombian security crisis and its effects.

  6. THE CURRENT GLOBAL CRISIS: CAUSES AND SOLUTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Sabina G. ŢUCA

    2013-01-01

    In recent years the global economy has been facing a very severe economic and financial crisis. The leading economies of the world are going through a period of deep recession. The aim of this article is to emphasize the causes of the current crisis as well as the measures taken to counteract its effects. In order to achieve this purpose, representative articles on the subject have been analyzed. Compared to other crises, the current crisis is based on totally different causes. That is why th...

  7. Monetary Policy Strategy: Lessons from the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Mishkin, Frederic S.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines what we have learned about monetary policy strategy and considers how we should change our thinking in this regard in the aftermath of the 2007-09 financial crisis. It starts with a discussion of where the science of monetary policy stood before the crisis and how central banks viewed monetary policy strategy. It then examines how the crisis has changed the thinking of both macro/monetary economists and central bankers. Finally, it looks at the extent to which the science ...

  8. La sociologia della crisi in Alain Touraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Villa

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Dal punto di vista sociologico, una crisi economica non è solo causa di dolorose conseguenze per le persone: essa rappresenta l’effetto di una più ampia crisi politica e sociale. Con questo presupposto, Alain Touraine prova a guardare al dopo crisi e, attraverso una situazione definita post-sociale, offre strumenti per l’osservazione di nuovi attori. L’articolo descrive alcuni passaggi essenziali di questa analisi, inquadrandoli nel disegno teorico che caratterizza il pensiero del sociologo francese.

  9. 2007-2010 Financial and economic crisis nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Pădurean

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The causal structure of the present financial and economic crisis leads us to a revisiting of theeconomic cyclicity, especially concerning the temporal dimension of the economic cycle. In this end, theauthors analyze the nature of the above mentioned crisis, from some point of views. As a result, some crucialdirections of action are established as follows: the external channels of transmission of the crisis, the channelsof transmission of the financial crisis into the economic crisis, the “optimal” order of the anti-crisis measures.Some possible adverse effects are pointed out in order to prevent any undesirable consequences of thegovernmental intervention against the crisis effects.

  10. La crisis de las crisis : una mirada global y holística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Christian Sánchez

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad de este artículo no es escoger cuál es la crisis más importante, cuál es la más televisada o cuál es la que cuesta más. Mi propuesta es que estas crisis son simplemente manifestaciones de una sola crisis, una holística y terminal.

  11. La crisis de las crisis : una mirada global y holística

    OpenAIRE

    Didier Christian Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    La finalidad de este artículo no es escoger cuál es la crisis más importante, cuál es la más televisada o cuál es la que cuesta más. Mi propuesta es que estas crisis son simplemente manifestaciones de una sola crisis, una holística y terminal.

  12. The Financial and Economic Crisis of 2008: A Systemic Crisis of Neoliberal Capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    David M. Kotz

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a case that the financial and economic crisis that began in the United States in 2008 indicates the start of a systemic crisis of neoliberal capitalism. The same institutional features of neoliberal capitalism that promoted a series of long economic expansions over several decades also created long-run trends that have led to a systemic crisis. Major economic restructuring is likely to follow.

  13. The Effects of Global Crisis into Euro Region: A Case Study of Greek Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Bora Selçuk; Naci Yılmaz

    2011-01-01

    With the parallel to the negative effect of the global crisis on the world economy, the economies in the EU started to give negative signals. The member countries such as Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain seeing the first negative effects of the global crisis are located in the periphery of the continent. Among these countries, Greece is more important with respect to the depth of its ongoing crisis, its observed effects and being an initial example. This is the biggest finan...

  14. THE EVOLUTION OF ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION DURING THE CURRENT GLOBAL CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Sabina Tuca

    2013-01-01

    The current economic crisis constitutes a serious test for the process of globalization. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of the current global crisis on economic globalization. To assess the impact of the current crisis on economic globalization, this paper examines the KOF Index of Globalization, before and during the crisis. The findings generally support the idea that economic globalization has been, in fact, weakened, after the onset of the current crisis. However, t...

  15. 2007-2010 Financial and economic crisis nature

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Pădurean; Camelia Băltăreţu; Delia Nedu

    2009-01-01

    The causal structure of the present financial and economic crisis leads us to a revisiting of theeconomic cyclicity, especially concerning the temporal dimension of the economic cycle. In this end, theauthors analyze the nature of the above mentioned crisis, from some point of views. As a result, some crucialdirections of action are established as follows: the external channels of transmission of the crisis, the channelsof transmission of the financial crisis into the economic crisis, the “op...

  16. International Economic Policy in the Wake of the Asian Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Eichengreen, Barry

    1998-01-01

    The Asian crisis was the third financial crisis of the 1990s. Even more than its predecessors it raised questions about the international community’s approach to crisis prevention and crisis management. It led reservations to be voiced, and not only in Asia, about full and unfettered international capital mobility and about the policy priorities of the International Monetary Fund. This paper discusses the policy challenges posed by the Asian crisis. It starts in Section 1 by reconsid...

  17. The Conceptive System of Keeping away Project Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Peiyong Hou; Ping Luo; Yukan Hou

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we regard the pattern of keeping away project crisis as research object. We carry through the system considers to project crisis in order to set up a condign emergency disposal pattern of taking precautions against crisis. We have analyzed the commonness and individuality between the public crisis and enterprise crisis totally. Societal operation and development had been under threat from these emergency crises seriously. It is urgent need for society development to constitute ...

  18. UN Says AIDS Crisis Is Getting Worse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CynthiaKirk; 邹国如

    2004-01-01

    The fifteenth International AIDS Conference ends Fridav in Bangkok, Thailand.There has not been much good news. In fact,the United Nations AIDS program reported last week that the crisis (危机) is getting worse.

  19. Flint's Lead-Contamination Crisis 'Entirely Preventable'

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159554.html Flint's Lead-Contamination Crisis 'Entirely Preventable' CDC looks at kids' ... of Flint, Mich., shows they had much more lead in their blood when the city used local ...

  20. Class Handles "Crisis" in PR Simulation Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bivins, Thomas H.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a two-week corporate public relations simulation that allowed students, acting as media representatives, to experience the frustrations of dealing with a typical company during a crisis. (HOD)

  1. The electric energy crisis: causes and solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article discusses the electric energy crisis and some aspects as follows: the deficit in the installed hydraulic capacity, the existent planning mechanisms and the gradual deterioration and the necessity of a organism for strategic planning and studies

  2. CORPORATIONS CRISIS - BEYOND THE FRONTIERS OF MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu NEAMTU

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis registered on international markets can be seen simply as corporate crisis as a result of that crash is the effect of large financial institutions and companies in the field of goods and services. Corporate crisis is a process that develops in nearly 10 years on the international market falling to the level of maximum development and producing her effects for 10 years hence. The paper tries to follow the stages of evolution of this crisis together with factors such as management and the economic environment characterized current economy. Also the relationship between companies management and "macroeconomic management" that generates these developments should be defined so that for future periods to be offered the best solutions to balance the market domestically and internationally

  3. The Euro Crisis in Online Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldam, Julie; Kaun, Anne

    2013-01-01

    While Scandinavian countries may be coping with the Euro crisis relatively better than most other European countries, they are far from unaffected. Nonetheless, the mainstream media have represented Scandinavia and Sweden as prime examples of resilience at a governmental level (i.e. the ability of...... a national economy to withstand, adapt and overcome the financial crisis), disregarding the consequences of growing inequalities and the dismantling of welfare state. Consequently, reports on resilience at the civil society level (i.e. the ability of citizens and communities to withstand, adapt and...... overcome the financial crisis) remain largely absent from mainstream media reports. Instead, civil society initiatives that respond to the consequences of the crisis have to rely on self-representation and sharing of resources in online media. One example is the Swedish grassroots organisation, Megafonen....

  4. What kind of crisis for capitalism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    This week's meeting of the International Monetary Fund at Toronto will avoid an immediate crisis. But more international credit will not allow rich and poor to behave as if they live on different planets.

  5. Thoughts on Cultural Crisis and National Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liping Sun

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available At the Post-Cold War Era, western cultural hegemony came under question, and was replaced by cultural diversity. Cultural diversity is likely to result in cultural relativism, and might, as Huntington said, cause competition and clash among all civilizations, which will in turn lead to a global cultural crisis. Cultural crisis in China has changed with the period of time, and has not broken away from the sign of crisis so far. In this article, the authors will start from reflection upon the fever of “Sinology”, and ponder over viewpoint by Mr. Yu Ying-shih on national identity. Then, the authors put forward their own view. That is, for national identity of China, it is still necessary to search for foundation in the cultural tradition of the three thousand years’ history. Meanwhile, some new elements in the world should be integrated, which is the only way to avoid cultural crisis and work towards “modernization”.

  6. The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bockris, J. O'M.

    1974-01-01

    Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)

  7. In the wake of the economic crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Komp, Katrin; Starke, Peter; van Hooren, Franca;

    The economic crisis of 2008 is a global phenomenon with far-ranging impact. Its effects reach beyond the economic sphere, impacting the lives of individuals. When confronted with job loss and financial hardship, people look for new income sources, change their world views and attitudes, and remodel......, they take different approaches that reflect the country-specific history and welfare state institutions. This working paper gives an overview of social change and welfare state reform in the wake of the economic crisis. For this purpose, it presents discussions and findings from two classes that were taught...... paper illustrate how the economic crisis influences e.g. social inequalities, life-courses, family relations, anti-foreigner sentiments, migration, and welfare policies. It, thereby, serves as an excellent starting point for reflections on what societies will be like post-economic crisis....

  8. CRISIS IMPACT UPON THE ROMANIAN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius GUST

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims at investigating the economic and financial crisis impact which has occurred in the Romanian economy, upon the Romanian companies since 2008. Specifically, its effects are taken into account regarding the number of economic players, the labor force, and the results of business performance: enterprise turnover or gross outcomes. Additionally, this research paper aims at assessing the crisis consequences on corporate behavior in the insecure environment of the crisis regarding the investment process and the value rendered by enterprises. The investigation is made exclusively on the secondary and tertiary sectors of the Romanian economy: industry, construction, trade and services, both from an overall and a sectoral perspective. The analysis also envisages the correlation of progress per the aforementioned economic segments with the overall development of the Romanian economy in terms of economic and financial crisis.

  9. CRISIS FOCUS:Recovering but Still Vulnerable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    One year after the onset of the financial crisis, the world economy appears to be rebounding sharply. Major economic figures are showing signs of improvement, a clear indicator that the worst has passed. The emerging markets, in

  10. An Identity Crisis of Architectural Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostas Tsiambaos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Over the last three years Greece has been facing one of its worst crises since the 1950s, a crisis which most understand to be a financial one. The word crisis (from the Greek κρίσις has a double meaning in the Greek language. Its first meaning indicates a radical — usually negative — change in the sum of conditions or flow of events, while its second refers to an opinion, a theory, a personal judgment or point of view towards a specific subject. I will argue that the current crisis is not just financial, but deeply cultural. An examination of the history of architectural discourse in Greece will help us better understand the cultural identity of the recent crisis by illuminating its core: the ambivalent relationship between Greece and Europe, from the establishment of the Greek state until today.

  11. The Energy Crisis: A Continuing Disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, David

    1976-01-01

    To school business managers, the energy crisis is a continuing economic disaster as energy costs continue to climb and schools are without money to make necessary renovations to reduce energy consumption. (Author/IRT)

  12. Vantage point - New response in crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallidou, Anastasia A

    2016-06-01

    THE IMPORTANCE of healthcare systems that can respond quickly in times of crisis or disaster has been highlighted by the emerging situation in Europe, where millions of immigrants and refugees are in urgent need of support. PMID:27246422

  13. Crisis, Resilience and Communication in Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Daniel Morten

    2012-01-01

    A significant part of modern crises management and crisis communication research is based on a normative research tradition aiming at anticipating future crises and developing crisis management plans that fit the scenarios (cf. Johansen & Frandsen, 2007; Coombs, 2007). In recognition of the...... limitations of this approach and the organizations' inability to foresee all potential crises in a world of constant change, the concept of resilience is starting to gain ground in crisis studies (cf. Weick & Sutcliff, 2007; Somers, 2009; Powley, 2009). This ncreased interest in resilience can be traced back...... to a discussion initiated by Wildavsky (1988), concerning whether organizational crises is best handled proactively by anticipating and planning in relation to potential crises, or whether to work with the organization reactive abilities when the crisis has manifested itself. This discussion has not...

  14. The Nurse Leader Role in Crisis Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmonson, Cole; Sumagaysay, Dio; Cueman, Marie; Chappell, Stacey

    2016-09-01

    Leaders from the American Organization of Nurse Executives describe the dynamic state of today's healthcare system related to crisis management. Adaptive leadership, driven by strong values and morality, can guide leaders and organizations through the most difficult times. PMID:27556647

  15. The debt crisis: a re-appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Cinquetti

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The 1980s' debt crisis is a landmark in developing economies' growth and stabilization. According to the most quoted empirical articles, external shocks and vicissitudes gave rise to crisis just because of delays in stabilization policies, engendered by internal conflicts and institutional immaturity. I review some of these papers, and find out some problems - in the measurement of shocks and foreign indebtedness, namely - whose corrections lead to opposite results: external shocks and foreign indebtedness explain that crisis regardless of domestic policies. At the same time, the strong correlation of income distribution to terms of trade changes and foreign indebtedness suggest that inequality may have contributed differently to that crisis: either through an economic channel, or through a political channel based on delays in reforms.

  16. ARC Code TI: Crisis Mapping Toolkit

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Crisis Mapping Toolkit (CMT) is a collection of tools for processing geospatial data (images, satellite data, etc.) into cartographic products that improve...

  17. Asian capitalism and the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Ajit

    1998-01-01

    With the economic crisis in East Asia and a continuing boom in the US, American triumphialism is in the air. The latter is perhaps not unexpected and probably does no harm. But what is more questionable is the view held in the highest circles in the US Government and international financial organisations in Washington which causally links the so-called Asian model of capitalism to the economic and financial crisis which is currently engulfing the hitherto highly successful economies o...

  18. Innovative Economy in Post-Crisis Age

    OpenAIRE

    Gulnaz Galieva

    2011-01-01

    The global economic crisis has shifted main attention to the role of innovative technologies in the forming of the innovation economy. Russian economy has been severely impacted by the
    crisis downslide. This was predetermined by the export-orientated nature of Russian economy. Manufacturing sector is poorly developed which contributes to Russia’s falling behind from developed economies. So now the only way to eliminate the gap is to introduce innovation into prod...

  19. The Greek Crisis: Causes and Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Vlamis Prodromos; Kouretas Georgios P.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents and critically discusses the origins and causes of the Greek fiscal crisis and its implications for the euro currency as well as the SEE economies. In the aftermath of the 2007-2009 financial crisis the enormous increase in sovereign debt has emerged as an important negative outcome, since public debt was dramatically increased in an effort by the US and the European governments to reduce the accumulated growth of private debt in the years preceding the recent financ...

  20. THE WORLD ECONOMIC CRISIS AND LATIN AMERICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Coggiola

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fastly, the world economic crisis show its effects in Latin America. The text arises some of its main economic consequences. It is not a "regional contagion", but the conclusion of an unprecedent world integration of world capitalist economy. It´s a world crisis, in a real sense. It makes evident the historical and structural problems of Latin American economic framework.

  1. The Crisis Management of the ECB

    OpenAIRE

    Breuss, Fritz

    2016-01-01

    A sequence of crises - the global financial crisis in 2008, the "Great Recession" in 2009 and the subsequent Euro crisis - constituted a major challenge for policy makers. After the fiscal policy had used up its powder in fighting the 2009 recession, monetary policy remained the only expansionary player in the policy arena. The ECB reacted to the crises with applying conventional (interest rate) and unconventional (qualitative easing) measures, however, with a considerable delay to the US Fed...

  2. Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Grant, Wyn; Wilson, Graham K.

    2012-01-01

    The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) is the most serious economic crisis since the Great Depression. Many books have explored its causes, but this book systematically explores its consequences. The focus is primarily on the policy and political consequences of the GFC. This book asks how governments responded to the challenge and what the political consequences of the combination of the GFC itself and policy responses to it have been. Based on workshops held in the United States and the United K...

  3. Percepciones venezolanas sobre la crisis de colombia.

    OpenAIRE

    Miriam Kornblith.

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effects of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela and the perceptions of threat of the country's leading political actors regarding Colombia's security crisis. The author discusses the tangible consequences of the Colombian conflict in Venezuela. Second, the ways in which the security crisis has been perceived and politically maneuvered by the Venezuelan government is explored. Finally, the article traces the interaction been the securitization of security and defense iss...

  4. A Case with Acute Celiac Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Taner Özgür; Fatih Kılıçbay; Zeliha Yeğin

    2015-01-01

    Celiac disease presents with a wide spectrum of symptoms and signs. Some patients may be asymptomatic though some may present with acute celiac crisis, which is a rare and serious complication of celiac disease. Here we present a patient who presented with a physically ill appearance, hypokalemia, hypoalbuminemia and was treated successfully with gluten-free diet, steroids and electrolyte replacement therapy. Acute celiac crisis, which is a rare complication of celiac disease w...

  5. Human resources in the economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen RADU; Liviu RADU

    2015-01-01

    This paper is meant to be an extension of our studies published over recent years, which were meant to seek some answers regarding the existing cause-effect relationship between the economic, financial, demograph and food crisis. In the said article we place the human resource, in its sense of labor force and demograph potential as well, in the middle of the economic, financial, demography and even the food crisis. Provided that in the previous case we demonstrated the hypothesis according to...

  6. Global economic crisis: Is Georgia at risk?

    OpenAIRE

    Bughulashvili, Maka

    2009-01-01

    Most of countries have been badly affected by the tremendous global financial crisis and economic downturn happening recently. It is really difficult to predict the timing and magnitude of events caused by the global economic crises, the effects of the crisis vary from country to country. It has become a serious problem not only for those countries which belong to the world of unprecedented financial globalization, where the financial sector plays a historically large role in economic activit...

  7. The Crisis of Financialisation in Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Se\\xe1n \\xd3 Riain

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the intersection of national and transnational processes in shaping Ireland’s financial crisis. It uses insights from economic sociology to reconcile the analytical tension between an understanding of Ireland’s crisis in terms of the unfolding of an international process and explanations that focus on specific national features. A series of significant policy decisions in the late 1990s favoured financial markets in allocating capital and opened up significant institutiona...

  8. HUMAN RESOURCE COMPENSATION IN TIME OF CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu George BOCEAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic and financial crisis persists and is aggravated by poor rates of economic growth recorded in 2011 and 2012. Considerable decrease in production due to reduced exports and domestic demand compression generating new unemployment and lower earnings. This paper presents the impact of the crisis on average and minimum wages in the European Union and Euro zone. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF predictions on GDP, the paper tries to predict the future trends of wages in the European Union.

  9. Rockbridge County unionism and the secession crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Leahy, Christopher J.

    1993-01-01

    Unionist sentiment was prevalent in Rockbridge County, Virginia for much of the secession crisis. This thesis traces the political development of Unionism in Rockbridge, examines the economic factors that influenced many county residents to maintain allegiance to the federal Union, and shows how this allegiance manifested itself. My study also reveals that Unionism in Rockbridge eroded gradually during the secession crisis. Many Unionists ultimately favored allying Virgin...

  10. Global Financial Crisis and Philanthropy: Malaysian Case

    OpenAIRE

    Janice Lay Hui Nga

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the issue of the global financial crisis and its impacts on philanthropy and civil society organisations (CSOs) in Malaysia. CSOs are popularly known as non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Malaysia. Financial crisis has caused NGOs in many countries to receive less funding. This situation may threaten and discourage voluntary works. Undoubtedly, these beneficial contributions from the NGOs are needful services to the society. This paper examines the impact of fina...

  11. Left and right in the economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    White, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Two decades after the Cold War, the political traditions of Left and Right were widely deemed to have fossilized. Many saw them as unable to express vital alternatives, and only distantly related to contemporary political life. This article examines how far this remains true in the light of more recent upheavals. It looks at the key divisions of opinion to have emerged from the economic crisis that broke in 2008, identifying important differences concerning in what sense it a crisis (the prod...

  12. How to predict and avert economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Yong Tao

    2010-01-01

    Our study shows that many firms would accumulate at zero output level (namely, Bankruptcy status) if a perfectly competitive market reaches full employment (namely, those people who should obtain employment have obtained employment). As a result, appearance of economic crisis is determined by two points; that is, (a). Stock market approaches perfect competition; (b). Society reaches full employment. The empirical research of these two points would lead to early warning of economic crisis. Mor...

  13. Globalisation and the Current Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Gina Ioan

    2012-01-01

    One of the hottest topics of economic research, not only is the economic crisis facing the world economy since 2007. Once the economic shock has spread quickly has spread quickly since the third quarter of 2008, international macroeconomic context known negative changes. The illusion that we live in times of certainty, shared, unfortunately, many economists, was shattered by the financial and economic crisis that has destroyed the economic base of the globalized world. Therefore, for most eco...

  14. The crisis in the uranium mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For over ten years, the uranium mining industry within the OECD and elsewhere has been undergoing its worst ever crisis. At a time when it seemed assured of a promising future, the economic recession of the 1980s took the wind out of its sails. This paper describes the factors causing the crisis, strikes the balance of production, demand and stocks and gives forecasts for the next years. 3 figs., 9 refs

  15. HUMAN RESOURCE COMPENSATION IN TIME OF CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Claudiu George BOCEAN

    2012-01-01

    Economic and financial crisis persists and is aggravated by poor rates of economic growth recorded in 2011 and 2012. Considerable decrease in production due to reduced exports and domestic demand compression generating new unemployment and lower earnings. This paper presents the impact of the crisis on average and minimum wages in the European Union and Euro zone. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predictions on GDP, the paper tries to predict the future trends of wages in the Europ...

  16. Valuation in insurance and financial crisis.

    OpenAIRE

    Trainar, P.

    2008-01-01

    In the course of the recent financial crisis, the issue of asset valuation has regularly moved to center stage, due both to the sharp fluctuations observed in numerous assets, making economic measurement difficult, but also to the impact that fluctuations can have on the behaviour of economic agents that are required to submit annual financial statements –or even interim or quarterly ones. While this issue has not been seen as the cause of the latest crisis, it has nonetheless been considered...

  17. Macroeconomics in crisis and macroeconomics in recovery

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2011-01-01

    The financial and economic crisis brings to a reconsideration of macroeconomics: as it happened in the past, after the Great Crash of 1929 as well as after the Second World War and after the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the subsequent oil crisis. A brief critical survey of mainstream macroeconomics (the neoclassical synthesis and its variants, and its criticisms on the side of Keynesians and Sraffians) is followed by a brief survey of the elements of alternative macroecono...

  18. GOVERNMENT ROLE DURING THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Suleymanov, Elchin; Alirzayev, Elvin

    2013-01-01

    In this study we investigated government hand in the Global Financial Crisis. Before, during and after crisis government attempted to solve and avoid the turmoil. But did he succeed? Beginning with low interest rates set by FED, US government political pressures to enable more Americans to buy homes, unrestrained financial system despite of regulations and fines, human greedy were the main reasons for Great Recession. More than 30 years of deregulation and reliance on self-regulation by fi...

  19. Structural Change in Europe During the Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Havlik, Peter

    2014-01-01

    This note examines the extent and patterns of structural changes that have occurred in European economies during the recent crisis using some stylised facts on changing output and employment struc-tures at detailed sectoral level. Focusing mainly on the new EU member states, we compare the perform-ance of various European countries by looking at the differentiated impact of the recent crisis on struc-tural shifts in their economy. We start with stylised facts related to output and employment ...

  20. On the Epistemological Crisis in Genomics

    OpenAIRE

    Dougherty, Edward R

    2008-01-01

    There is an epistemological crisis in genomics. At issue is what constitutes scientific knowledge in genomic science, or systems biology in general. Does this crisis require a new perspective on knowledge heretofore absent from science or is it merely a matter of interpreting new scientific developments in an existing epistemological framework? This paper discusses the manner in which the experimental method, as developed and understood over recent centuries, leads naturally to a scientific e...

  1. Algeria's Role in the Sahelian Security Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Laurence Aida Ammour

    2013-01-01

    While Mali is confronting a deep political crisis with a still serious risk of territorial split and Libya is descending into increasing instability, Algeria appears reluctant to assume the responsibilities of a hegemonic power. Algeria’s refusal to consider any joint strategy with its neighbors and other international actors towards the Malian crisis shows it has once again succumbed to the fear of encirclement that characterized its policies in the 1970s. Behind this refusal, there lies a d...

  2. Public Finance and the Current Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Tonar, Josef

    2011-01-01

    The Thesis aspires to analyze the consequences of the most recent global financial crisis, which started in summer 2007 and continued onwards. The main focus is on the development of the current financial crisis in the PIGS countries (Portugal, Ireland, Greece and Spain), the Czech Republic and Estonia. A special focus is put on the development of the long-term interest rates in the mentioned countries, supplied with an econometric calculation of their future development.

  3. Crisis And Opportunities Of The Sales Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    There have been disputes on the financial crisis upon the auto market in 2009.An expert held that the growth rate could stay at 5 percent. We do not have to argue whether the judgment is correct.There has been phi- losophy between crisis and opportunities. And if we adopt the logic in analyzing the sales networks,some detailed coun- termeasures can be worked out.

  4. The Subprime Crisis - Cause, Effect and Consequences

    OpenAIRE

    R. Christopher Whalen

    2008-01-01

    Despite the considerable media attention given to the collapse of the market for complex structured assets that contain subprime mortgages, there has been too little discussion of why this crisis occurred. 'The Subprime Crisis: Cause, Effect and Consequences' argues that three basic issues are at the root of the problem, the first of which is an odious public policy partnership, spawned in Washington and comprising hundreds of companies, associations and government agencies, to enhance the av...

  5. Mexico's crisis: financial modernisation and financial fragility

    OpenAIRE

    G. J. LÓPEZ

    1997-01-01

    The work seeks to analyse Mexico's recent exchange-rate crisis in relation to the debate on financial modernisation and external financial fragility. The author reviews some key features of Mexico's 1988-1994 economic recovery before analysing some aspects of the country's evolution in the light of the financial modernisation debate. An explanation of the crisis in which Mexico's external financial fragility is emphasised is provided. Finally, the relationship between financial modernisation ...

  6. Serum ferritin concentration in sickle cell crisis.

    OpenAIRE

    Brownell, A; Lowson, S; Brozović, M

    1986-01-01

    Serum ferritin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBD) were studied during 21 vaso-occlusive crises in 12 adults with sickle cell disease (11 SS, 1 S beta degrees). The patients comprised three groups: those who had been untransfused (4), those who had received occasional exchange transfusion in crisis (3), and those who had been multiply transfused (5). Serum ferritin concentrations in crisis were compared with those of the steady state...

  7. Statistical Network Topology for Crisis Informetrics

    OpenAIRE

    Hossain, Liaquat; Rolf T. Wigand; Uddin, Shahadat

    2015-01-01

    Crisis informetrics is considered to be a relatively new and emerging area of research, which deals with the application of analytical approaches of network and information science combined with experimental learning approaches of statistical mechanics to explore communication and information flow, robustness as well as tolerance of complex crisis networks under threats. In this paper, we discuss the scale free network property of an organizational communication network and test both traditio...

  8. Two Effects of the European Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Saucedo Acosta Edgar J.; Rullán Rosanis Samantha

    2014-01-01

    Background: The European financial crisis has affected most of the EU member states, and European institutions have had to create new financial instruments to counter the impact. Most effects in the economic and political spheres can be attributed to high unemployment and changes in governments in peripheral countries (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Romania). Objectives: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the economic and political effects of the European financial crisis in some p...

  9. A Retrospective on the Debt Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Michael P. Dooley

    1994-01-01

    In this paper I argue that the international debt crisis of 1982 can best be understood as a prolonged negotiation between commercial banks and their own governments over who would bear the economic losses generated by loans made to developing countries. This interpretation of the debt crisis is contrasted with the more familiar approach that emphasizes conflict between debtor countries and their creditors. The main conclusion is that the failure of governments of industrial countries to reso...

  10. European Dimension of the Balkan Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Rodin, Davor

    1995-01-01

    In this text the Balkan crisis caused by the break-up of the Yugoslav federation is analysed in the international context. The author inquires into the causes of the dissolution of Yugoslavia, which as well demonstrated the crisis of the European Union (EU). The basis for both developments is the end of the Cold war, although Yugoslavian disintegreation also stems from adition international factors which have been present from the very beggining of this state in 1918. The diagnosis is that th...

  11. Using Data Mining Techniques in Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Codreanu Diana Elena; Popa Ionela; Parpandel Denisa Elena

    2011-01-01

    Current economic context marked by economic crisis, has the effect of reducing costs and greater control over costs. It is a problem faced by all managers and a solution to anti-crisis measures such as using data mining techniques. Data mining or "knowledge discovery in large databases" is a set of techniques used to discover valuable information from large volumes of data unknown .Data mining techniques are used in many fields, one which lends itself particularly well to the economy. Uncerta...

  12. The crisis-resilience of services trade

    OpenAIRE

    Borchert, Ingo; Mattoo, Aaditya

    2009-01-01

    Much attention has focused on the impact of the current crisis on goods trade; hardly any on its impact on services trade. Using new trade data from the United States, and more aggregate data from other OECD countries, the authors show that services trade is weathering the current crisis much better than goods trade. As of February 2009, the value of US goods imports had declined year-on-y...

  13. CYCLICITY & CHAOTICS IN POST-CRISIS CONTEXT

    OpenAIRE

    Aurel Burciu; Rozalia Kicsi

    2014-01-01

    The current global crisis has generated in economic and management theory numerousquestions/ dilemmas, because the magnitude of the crisis surprising the entire capitalist world. Juglarcycles, Kuznets cycles and Kondratieff cycles are well known in economic theory but their findingshave been deliberately ignored by policy makers. The current theory discusses about the chaotics ofthe business environment, the instability and highly sinuous evolution of economic life. Regardingthe study of cycl...

  14. Leadership in the 2008 financial crisis : Understanding dimensions of Transformational & Transactional leadership during financial crisis in financial institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Suna; Tseng, Pei-Fan

    2009-01-01

    Problem: -The 2008 Financial crisis has caused global impact on business market and led to question leader's competence. Prior study has found that leadership contributes certain effects to organizations' performace under a crisis situation, however there is lit-tle study which has been made regarding to identifying crisis leadership and its compe-tence and management during crisis. Purpose: - The purpose in this thesis is to bridge the gap between crisis management and leadership by finding ...

  15. Crisis phenomena and sources of instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    What are the most likely paths that might carry a crisis to nuclear war between the superpowers? Are those paths marked by critical junctures or patterns that recur and are amenable to analysis? These questions form the crux of this study, but history provides a meager data base for answering them. Only once, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, did nuclear war appear to be a conceivable consequence of steps already taken or under serious consideration. To prepare a springboard for that extrapolation, we must first examine the settings in which leaders have coped with crises, and identify features that are likely to recur in future confrontations. These features include the environment that in the past has differentiated crisis from peace and war; the dominant factors that have been (or should have been) assessed either at the outbreak of crisis or as events unfolded; the human dimension of crisis; domestic and alliance politics; intelligence; and the trade-offs between diplomacy and military measures that have chronically perplexed leaders during a crisis. The authors of this paper consider confrontations of an intensity with which the world has no experience: direct conflict, either conventional or nuclear, between the superpowers

  16. Crisis interventions in online psychological counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Amaral Medeiros da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The world's population is often assailed by crises of various orders. Disasters caused by nature and by humans themselves also impact on people's mental health. Psychological crises, such as suicide attempts, represent a growing problem in mental health. When faced with such scenarios, specific strategies of crisis intervention are both appropriate and necessary. Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the literature dealing with online psychological crisis intervention, describing and discussing their operational design, specific characteristics and applications. Method: A systematic review of literature indexed on the PubMed, PsycINFO, and SciELO databases identified by searches conducted from January to June of 2014. Results: The searches identified 17 empirical studies about online crisis interventions which were reviewed. Three crisis contexts emerged: 1 disasters, 2 risk/prevention of suicide, and 3 trauma. Eleven different intervention programs were described and the predominant treatment approach was cognitive behavioral therapy. The results showed that research into online psychological crisis intervention has been conducted in several different countries, especially the Netherlands and Australia, and that the users of these tools benefit from them. Conclusion: Online crisis interventions have been developed and researched in many countries around the world. In Brazil, there is still a lack of investment and research in this area.

  17. Toward a Satellite-Based System of Sugarcane Yield Estimation and Forecasting in Smallholder Farming Conditions: A Case Study on Reunion Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Morel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Estimating sugarcane biomass is difficult to achieve when working with highly variable spatial distributions of growing conditions, like on Reunion Island. We used a dataset of in-farm fields with contrasted climatic conditions and farming practices to compare three methods of yield estimation based on remote sensing: (1 an empirical relationship method with a growing season-integrated Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI, (2 the Kumar-Monteith efficiency model, and (3 a forced-coupling method with a sugarcane crop model (MOSICAS and satellite-derived fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation. These models were compared with the crop model alone and discussed to provide recommendations for a satellite-based system for the estimation of yield at the field scale. Results showed that the linear empirical model produced the best results (RMSE = 10.4 t∙ha−1. Because this method is also the simplest to set up and requires less input data, it appears that it is the most suitable for performing operational estimations and forecasts of sugarcane yield at the field scale. The main limitation is the acquisition of a minimum of five satellite images. The upcoming open-access Sentinel-2 Earth observation system should overcome this limitation because it will provide 10-m resolution satellite images with a 5-day frequency.

  18. The Impending Oral Health Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tegtmeier, Carl H; Miller, David J; Shub, Judith L

    2016-04-01

    Last May, the New York State Dental Association and the New York State Dental Foundation convened the first "Oral Health Stakeholders' Summit on the Future of Special Needs Dentistry, Hospital Dentistry and Dental Education." The summit was chaired by David J. Miller, then NYSDA President Elect, and Carl H. Tegtmeier, then chair of the NYSDA Council on Dental Health Planning and Hospital Dentistry. It brought together experts, called to frame the issues and provide information necessary for a reasoned response. And it sought input from attendees to develop recommendations to ensure that patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities, as well as an aging population with Alzheimer's disease and dementia, have access to appropriate oral health care in the years ahead. Over 100 participants, representing dentistry, hospital training programs, third-party payers, state government offices and related patient support associations, attended the two-day event in Albany. They focused on the impact of reductions in funding, the transition of Medicaid services into a managed care model, a loss of service providers and the need for expanded training programs. They heard from speakers epresenting a broad spectrum of those involved in he oral health care of patients with intellectual and evelopmental disabilities, the Alzheimer's Association, dental educators and researchers, hospital dentistry and the benefits industry, whose presentations focused on a looming oral health crisis threatening access to dental care for patients with disabilities. PMID:27348951

  19. Crisis of Legitimacy in Palestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hani Albasoos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Palestinian society is geographically separated and politically fragmented. This is attributed to partisan affiliation and alignment, absence of conceptual and professional framework of civil society, unethical approach of Palestinian political leaders, and unconstitutional political institutions. Such polarization and division have created political antagonism within elites and between factions. The broad objective of this research is to investigate the legitimacy crisis in Palestine, the current political dilemma in the Palestinian Authority, and the public response to the situation. The research introduces direct and thorough understanding of the developing political context surrounding these issues; taking into consideration that growing deficit in legitimacy could create potentially dire consequences, particularly if present trends on the ground continue. The research promotes an analytical perspective based on legitimacy theory and exploring recent public opinion polls. This study formulates a constructive analysis of the failure of the Palestinian political institutions at the leadership level to meet the basic expectations of the Palestinian people and the unproductive methodology of hampering the implementation of the Basic Law concerning the Palestinian political system. It reviews the empirical dilemmas of the Palestinian Authority and eliminates several assumptions of Fatah and Hamas’s - main parties - political and domestic priorities. The possibility of a new Palestinian political phenomena emerging is in the context of a new popular mobilisation lessened by the fact that both movements (Fatah and Hamas are firmly enmeshed in the very fabric of Palestinian society through patronage networks.

  20. Analysing English metaphors of the economic crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo-Enrico Cardini

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - The present article reports the findings of an investigation into the metaphorical expressions adopted by English-language magazines to describe the latest economic/financial crisis. The corpus used for the investigation was about 100,000 words large, with texts taken from The Economist and from The International Economy. All the articles selected from these two magazines were published between Fall 2008 and Winter 2012. The main aim of the inquiry was to offer a more detailed and comprehensive classification of economic-crisis-metaphors than those proposed in previous research. In this respect, a total number of forty different types of such metaphors was identified. Alongside the theoretical classification, a quantitative analysis of the data was also carried out in order to find out which kinds of metaphorical expression are used most frequently. Results suggest that the economic/financial crisis is predominantly conceptualized in terms of something negative about a human being, about an object, and about a motion. In particular, viewing a state of economic/financial crisis as a damaged or destroyed object appears to be the most widely adopted metaphor. Results also suggest that different economics magazines can vary significantly in the amount of metaphorical language used.Keywords: metaphor, economic crisis, semantics, pragmatics, journalistic styles.  Sommario – Questo articolo riporta i risultati di una ricerca sulle metafore adottate da riviste in lingua inglese per descrivere la recente crisi economica e finanziaria. Il corpus utilizzato per l’indagine è stato di circa 100.000 parole, con testi reperiti dal The Economist e dal The International Economy. Tutti gli articoli selezionati da queste due riviste sono stati pubblicati tra l’autunno 2008 e l’inverno 2012. Lo scopo principale dell’indagine è stato quello di fornire una classificazione delle metafore della crisi economica più dettagliata ed esauriente di

  1. Ukrainian Crisis, Economic Crisis in Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union

    OpenAIRE

    Libman, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    This note reviews the implications of the political crisis around Ukraine and of the economic crisis in Russia on the development of Eurasian regionalism and, in particular, the future of the Eurasian Economic Union. It identifies the key effects of the crises, as well as discusses alternative ways of future development of the Eurasian Economic Union and assesses their likelihood.

  2. Values of financial services professionals and the global financial crisis as a crisis of ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorn, André van

    2013-01-01

    Many attribute the global financial crisis (GFC) to the ethical values of the people involved, financial services professionals (FSPs) such as stockbrokers or fund managers. The crisis-of-ethics debate is important, concerning one of the main policy challenges of our times, but is based on popular l

  3. Expanding the Crisis Planning Function: Introducing Elements of Risk Communication to Crisis Communication Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, David E.; Olaniran, Bolanle A.

    1998-01-01

    Suggests use of elements of risk communication by crisis communication practitioners facing increasing industrial reliance on new technologies which might be associated with potential health/environment harm. Studies a small company crisis which reveals that elements of anticipation, public involvement/trust, technological comparison, and media…

  4. Chaos and Crisis: Propositions for a General Theory of Crisis Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeger, Matthew W.

    2002-01-01

    Presents key concepts of chaos theory (CT) as a general framework for describing organizational crisis and crisis communication. Discusses principles of predictability, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, bifurcation as system breakdown, emergent self-organization, and fractals and strange attractors as principles of organization. Explores…

  5. Helping Crisis Managers Protect Reputational Assets: Initial Tests of the Situational Crisis Communication Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, W. Timothy; Holladay, Sherry J.

    2002-01-01

    Explains a comprehensive, prescriptive, situational approach for responding to crises and protecting organizational reputation: the situational crisis communication theory (SCCT). Notes undergraduate students read two crisis case studies from a set of 13 cases and responded to questions following the case. Validates a key assumption in SCCT and…

  6. FINANCIAL CRISIS FROM THE MACROECONOMIC LEVEL TO THE MICROECONOMIC LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANDA GHEORGHE GABRIEL

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The current economic and financial crisis, beyond the problems it generates both at micro and macro level, should determine an adaptation of the mechanisms, institutions and monetary / financial policies to the real economy we are facing. The issue of financial crises is extremely complex, including a series of quantitative and qualitative factors, financial, economic, social, ethical, technological and human, which can intervene and influence the financial operations in a country or several countries simultaneously. We believe that it is difficult to appreciate that a traditional model might explain a financial crisis, given that every context of occurrence, conditions of development and crisis settlement programs are unique and unrepeatable. Every crisis has in its structure certain issues that may be capitalized and can lead to success. Perhaps more obvious are the ways that can lead to total failure of the organization. Finding and capitalizing the potential success is the essence of the crisis management. The essence of the mismanagement of the crisis is to worse situation. The successful management of a crisis involves admitting that you are facing a crisis, taking reasonable measures to remedy the situation, to be seen taking them and heard saying the right words. The issue at this stage of crisis management is that perception becomes true reality. Crisis management is a set of factors designed to combat the crisis and reduce the damage caused by the crisis. In other words, crisis management attempts to prevent or reduce the negative effects of the crisis and protect the organization, the public involved and the specific field by the possible damages. The effective management of the crisis includes crisis communication. This is an essential component through which the organization faced with the difficult situation can rehabilitate it’s publicly image or even to improve it. The crisis communication occurs between the organization and

  7. THE CURRENCY CRISIS TRIGGER OF THE ROMANIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS OF 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu SOVIANI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the ways the financial crisis started to manifest into the Romanian Financial System, through the exchange rate channel. The focus of this Paper is on how the Romanian decision makers contributed in triggering the financial crisis (that would have been triggered anyway. The paper will determine the trigger (the first obvious event for the Romanian Financial Crisis (the debut and it will prove that the consequences of this trigger could have been anticipated - it is in line with similar triggers for the debut in other currency crises. Therefore, one of the main conclusions of this paper is that while a global crisis starts to manifest the local economy should limit the exuberance of the decision makers in order to smooth the effects of the crisis.

  8. Household debt and consumption during the financial crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Asger Lau; Duus, Charlotte; Jensen, Thais Lærkholm

    2014-01-01

    We use data for nearly 800,000 Danish families to examine whether high household leverage prior to the financial crisis may have amplified the reduction in household spending over the course of the crisis. We find a strong negative correlation between pre-crisis leverage and the change in non......-housing consumption during the crisis, conditional on a range of other household characteristics. The larger drop in spending among the highly leveraged families reflects that these families consumed a larger fraction of their income than their less-leveraged peers prior to the crisis. But as the crisis unfolded...

  9. Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159060.html Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths Health- ... THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The 2008 global economic crisis has been linked to a sharp ...

  10. Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_159060.html Global Recession May Have Contributed to Cancer Deaths Health- ... THURSDAY, May 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The 2008 global economic crisis has been linked to a sharp ...

  11. The Greek crisis: Causes and implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlamis Prodromos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents and critically discusses the origins and causes of the Greek fiscal crisis and its implications for the euro currency as well as the SEE economies. In the aftermath of the 2007-2009 financial crisis the enormous increase in sovereign debt has emerged as an important negative outcome, since public debt was dramatically increased in an effort by the US and the European governments to reduce the accumulated growth of private debt in the years preceding the recent financial turmoil. Although Greece is the country member of the eurozone that has been in the middle of this ongoing debt crisis, since November 2009 when it was made clear that its budget deficit and mainly its public debt were not sustainable, Greece’s fiscal crisis is not directly linked to the 2007 US subprime mortgage loan market crisis. As a result of this negative downturn the Greek government happily accepted a rescue plan of 110 billion euros designed and financed by the European Union and the IMF. A lengthy austerity programme and a fiscal consolidation plan have been put forward and are to be implemented in the next three years.

  12. Financial crisis, austerity, and health in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karanikolos, Marina; Mladovsky, Philipa; Cylus, Jonathan; Thomson, Sarah; Basu, Sanjay; Stuckler, David; Mackenbach, Johan P; McKee, Martin

    2013-04-13

    The financial crisis in Europe has posed major threats and opportunities to health. We trace the origins of the economic crisis in Europe and the responses of governments, examine the effect on health systems, and review the effects of previous economic downturns on health to predict the likely consequences for the present. We then compare our predictions with available evidence for the effects of the crisis on health. Whereas immediate rises in suicides and falls in road traffic deaths were anticipated, other consequences, such as HIV outbreaks, were not, and are better understood as products of state retrenchment. Greece, Spain, and Portugal adopted strict fiscal austerity; their economies continue to recede and strain on their health-care systems is growing. Suicides and outbreaks of infectious diseases are becoming more common in these countries, and budget cuts have restricted access to health care. By contrast, Iceland rejected austerity through a popular vote, and the financial crisis seems to have had few or no discernible effects on health. Although there are many potentially confounding differences between countries, our analysis suggests that, although recessions pose risks to health, the interaction of fiscal austerity with economic shocks and weak social protection is what ultimately seems to escalate health and social crises in Europe. Policy decisions about how to respond to economic crises have pronounced and unintended effects on public health, yet public health voices have remained largely silent during the economic crisis. PMID:23541059

  13. Cancer Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cancer? Breast Cancer Colon/Rectum Cancer Lung Cancer Prostate Cancer Skin Cancer Show All Cancer Types News and Features Cancer Glossary ACS Bookstore Cancer Information Cancer Basics Cancer Prevention & Detection Signs & Symptoms of Cancer Treatments & Side Effects ...

  14. Seasonal variation in size estimates of Aedes albopictus population based on standard mark-release-recapture experiments in an urban area on Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouagna, Louis Clément; Dehecq, Jean-Sébastien; Fontenille, Didier; Dumont, Yves; Boyer, Sébastien

    2015-03-01

    The implementation of the sterile insect technique for area-wide vector control requires that natural population density be accurately estimated to determine both the appropriate time to treat and the adequate number of sterile males for release. Herein, we used mark-release-recapture (MRR) to derive seasonal abundance estimates of Aedes albopictus population sizes within a delimited geographical area in Reunion Island. Population size of Ae. albopictus was estimated through four mark-release-recapture experiments carried out separately in different seasons. Marked males and females were released each time, and recaptured using BG sentinel traps for six consecutive days. Data were used to estimate the population size using a conceptual model that incorporates the variation in daily mortality rates. The likely influence of environmental factors on the magnitude of catches and on population fluctuation was analyzed. A total of 2827 mosquitoes (1914 males and 913 females) were marked and released on four occasions during dry and wet seasons. After release, 138 males (7.21%) and 86 females (9.41%) of the marked specimens were recaptured in subsequent samplings. The effectiveness of the daily captures of wild and released mosquitoes was significantly influenced by meteorological conditions such as temperature, rainfall, wind speed and light intensity. The estimates of Ae. albopictus population size obtained with our model estimator ranged from 298 to 1238 males and 604 to 2208 females per ha, with seasonal variability - higher population size in the humid season. The presented results will be essential in designing more effective sterile male release strategies for long-term suppression of wild Ae. albopictus populations. PMID:25592432

  15. Spatial and temporal distribution patterns of Anopheles arabiensis breeding sites in La Reunion Island - multi-year trend analysis of historical records from 1996-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lempérière Guy

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background An often confounding facet of the dynamics of malaria vectors is the aquatic larval habitat availability and suitable conditions under which they can thrive. Here, we investigated the impact of environmental factors on the temporal and spatial distribution of larval habitats of Anopheles arabiensis in different locations on La Reunion Island. Methods A retrospective examination was made from archival data which provided the complete enumeration of An. arabiensis breeding habitats in three distinct geographic zones - extending North-east, West and South of the island over 14 years, from January 1996 to December 2009. Data on the occurrence and the number of active larval habitats at each of a total of 4376 adjacent ellipsoid grid cells (216,506 square meters each were used (1 to provide the geographic extent of breeding site availability from year to year and (2 to analyze associations with prevailing environmental factors, habitat types, and locations. Results Anopheles arabiensis utilized a spectrum of man-made and natural aquatic habitats, most of which were concentrated primarily in the rock pools located in ravines and river fringes, and also in the large littoral marshes and within the irrigated agricultural zones. The numbers of breeding site per sampling grid differed significantly in different parts of the island. In contrast to an originally more widespread distribution across the island in the 1950s, detailed geographic analyses of the data obtained in the period extending from 1996-2009 showed an intriguing clustered distribution of active breeding sites in three discontinuous geographic zones, in which aquatic habitats availability fluctuates with the season and year. Seasonality in the prevalence of anopheles breeding sites suggests significant responsiveness to climatic factors. Conclusions The observed retreat of An. arabiensis distribution range to lower altitudinal zones (

  16. Integracion monetaria, crisis y austeridad en Europa

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Guillén Romo

    2011-01-01

    Partiendo de un análisis de la construcción neoliberal de la integración monetaria europea se analizan la crisis económica griega y las políticas de austeridad de corte hayekiano que se están utilizando para enfrentarla. Tras caracterizar teóricamente dichas políticas, se analiza cómo su generalización en Europa contribuye a profundizar la crisis europea comprometiendo la reactivación de la economía mundial. No obstante, la causa de la crisis es la pérdida de soberanía monetaria de cada país ...

  17. Recommendable Practices for Effective Nuclear Crisis Communication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Crisis communication' refers one of the activities done by the Nuclear Regulatory Organizations (NROs) in order to protect the public and the environment from the possible harmful effects. As denoted by the BMU, German NRO, crisis communication is not only 'public information' or 'information for the public', but also communication between authorities in order to guarantee that public information is consistent. This study proposes some recommendable practices for developing a guideline of well-prepared nuclear crisis communication system, including its management framework, and for introducing good insights, based on the study of international aspects provided by relevant OECD/NEA WPGC (Working Group on Public Communication for Nuclear Regulatory Organizations)i working group

  18. ECONOMIC CRISIS, ITS PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena RĂDULESCU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Actual crisis which originated from USA quickly spread throughout the world economy. Al-though at the beginning it was labeled as exclusively financial one, after its second wave (in 2008 everything became much clear. Finally we all became aware of its overwhelming influence on both financial and real spheres of national economies as well as global economic system. For the last two years, the world is facing a severe financial crisis and a dramatic economic slowdown. CEE emerging economies are also affected. In the first part of the paper, are succinctly presented the main causes of the financial crisis over the world and in the second part are presented the contagion of emerging markets and the recent solutions and progress that has been made.

  19. Labor, Welfare and Coping with the Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    The aim of this paper is to raise a number of questions on the impacts and responses of the crisis in a comparative perspective with focus on the Nordic experience and ROK. It asks the following questions: Where have the Nordic approach versus the Korean models delivered strong results, and what...... the crisis on the economies, and discusses core examples of state intervention in the socio-economic sectors such as labor markets and social welfare in the Nordic as well as Korean contexts. The final section discusses some tentative conclusions about the resilience of the Nordic and ROK models and...... are the weaknesses? What are the human costs and collateral damage in the context of new types of regulation of labor markets and social welfare in the broadest sense and what are the differences and similarities between the models in general specifically with regard to crisis management? The approach...

  20. Human resources in the economic crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen RADU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is meant to be an extension of our studies published over recent years, which were meant to seek some answers regarding the existing cause-effect relationship between the economic, financial, demograph and food crisis. In the said article we place the human resource, in its sense of labor force and demograph potential as well, in the middle of the economic, financial, demography and even the food crisis. Provided that in the previous case we demonstrated the hypothesis according to which a food crisis can be caused as well as lead to the migration of the active population to other countries (especially from the rural area and the agglomeration of underprivileged population in certain geographic areas, we are currently resuming to the mutations recorded by the human resource, as part of the active population, under the aspect of social and economic disequilibrium.

  1. Macroeconomie in crisi e macroeconomie in ripresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The financial and economic crisis brings to a reconsideration of macroeconomics: as it happened in the past, after the Great Crash of 1929 as well as after the Second World War and after the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the subsequent oil crisis. A brief critical survey of mainstream macroeconomics (the neoclassical synthesis and its variants, and its criticisms on the side of Keynesians and Sraffians is followed by a brief survey of the elements of alternative macroeconomic analysis developed by Keynes and Kalecki, Minsky and Sylos Labini, and others.   JEL Codes: B22, E00, E12, E13Keywords: Macroeconomie; crisi; ripresa

  2. German SMEs Affected by the World Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Gabriela HODOROGEL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available 2009 was one of the hardest years in the last decades for SMEs. The areas that had faced difficulties before the crisis felt sharply the negative effects, but those which had registered continuous progress until the crisis broke out have also been affected. 2010 was a year of reconsolidation, while the current year could mark off a progress for most SMEs, due to a very special evolution of the German economy as a whole (an economic growth of 3.6% in 2010, much more over analyst expectations, and a forecast of 2.8% for 2011. Regarding the establishment of SMEs in the crisis period, an unexpected development has paradoxically been noticed in Germany: the interest of individuals in establishing a business, declining in the last years, began to grow.

  3. Greece Financial Crisis and Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechili, Aggelos E; Kalokairinou, Athena; Kaitelidou, Dafni; Diomidous, Marianna

    2015-01-01

    The last six years the global community is facing an economic crisis that first appeared in USA. This crisis has a lot of impacts especially in health sector. Unemployment, job insecurity and the loss of disposable income have a significant impact in health too. The main objective of this research was to investigate the quality of life of the general population in Greece during the financial crisis. To collect the data it has been used the Greek version of Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36v2). In general, income, level of education, cohabitation and parenthood had a significant impact in quality of life. As a conclusion, unemployed participants' score was lower in the entire dimensions and in the two summary scales too. PMID:26152994

  4. Crisis bifurcations in plane Poiseuille flow

    CERN Document Server

    Zammert, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Direct numerical simulations of transitional plane Poiseuille flow in a mirror-symmetric subspace reveal several interior and exterior crisis bifurcations. They appear in the upper branch that emerges in a saddle-node bifurcation near $Re_{SN}=641$ and then undergoes several bifurcations into a chaotic attractor. Near $Re_{XC}=785.95$ the attractor collides with the lower-branch state and turns into a chaotic saddle in a exterior crisis, with a characteristic $(Re-Re_{XC})^{-\\delta}$ variation in lifetimes. For intermediate Reynolds numbers, the attractor undergoes several interior crises, in which new states appear and intermittent behavior can be observed. They contribute to increasing the complexity of the dynamics and to a more dense coverage of state space. The exterior crisis marks the onset of transient turbulence in this subspace of plane Poiseuille flow.

  5. Heterogeneity in Firm Performance During Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Bruni

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available What happens to firms during periods of deep economic crisis? Did different types of firms perform differently under the economic crisis? With the aid of a rich database and focusing on the literature regarding the growth of firms, this paper investigates the relative profitability performance of Italian firms during the current economic crisis, exploring those factors, which help certain firms to do relatively better even in the slowdown period. Some preliminary results show that the Italian firms that are relatively young in age, with relatively better current liquidity and more focused on domestic market have performed better than other firms. Furthermore, firms operating in high-tech and in highly concentrated sectors have enjoyed a better performance in this period.

  6. Benefit of joint response in a mental health crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-27

    Andrew Lancaster writes in Mental Health Practice about the critical role mobile crisis teams (MCTs) can play in delivering a joint response from the police and mental health services to people in a mental health crisis. PMID:27461336

  7. How is the Financial Crisis Affecting China's Exhibition Industry?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ As the financial crisis, which was caused by the American subprime crisis, spreads across the globe, some countries and regions including the Unit-ed States, Japan and the European Union have plunged into economic recession.

  8. Crisis Communication: The Business Communicator's Strategies for Communicating under Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vielhaber, Mary E.

    1990-01-01

    Uses the 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear plant accident to illustrate the communication problems embedded in a crisis. Describes the reactions created by the stress related to crisis. Suggests business communication strategies for improving communication to the public. (SR)

  9. El turismo de eventos y reuniones en destinos turísticos maduros: un pilar para la reconversión del producto turístico de Puerto de la Cruz (Tenerife)

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Díaz, Cristofer; Pérez Escobar, Ángel Israel

    2014-01-01

    Como respuesta a una situación de declive, Puerto de la Cruz está siendo objeto de importantes planes, estrategias y actuaciones destinadas a reconvertir el destino. El desarrollo del denominado turismo de reuniones puede encajar perfectamente en las tendencias actuales que se plantean para el destino, sobre todo, si se aprovechan las sinergias generadas por la celebración de eventos, tanto grandes como pequeños acontecimientos, incrementando así la competitividad del destino. Esta investigac...

  10. Congresos y reuniones científicas de carácter latinoamericanista : una fuente de difícil control bibliográfico para bibliotecas y bases de datos bibliográficas

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Yunta, Luis; Real Díaz, Isabel

    2005-01-01

    [ES] Las reuniones científicas dedicadas a estudios latinoamericanos, en especial las que se celebran de forma periódica en España, constituyen un punto de encuentro para los investigadores y permiten analizar cuáles son sus principales líneas de investigación. Las ponencias y comunicaciones de estos encuentros conforman una documentación que es necesario hacer más accesible a través de los catálogos y bases de datos bibliográficas. Sin embargo, para las bibliotecas y servicios de documentaci...

  11. FTIR time-series of biomass burning products (HCN, C2H6, C2H2, CH3OH, and HCOOH) at Reunion Island (21° S, 55° E) and comparisons with model data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigouroux, C.; Stavrakou, T.; Whaley, C.; Dils, B.; Duflot, V.; Hermans, C.; Kumps, N.; Metzger, J.-M.; Scolas, F.; Vanhaelewyn, G.; Müller, J.-F.; Jones, D. B. A.; Li, Q.; De Mazière, M.

    2012-11-01

    Reunion Island (21° S, 55° E), situated in the Indian Ocean at about 800 km east of Madagascar, is appropriately located to monitor the outflow of biomass burning pollution from Southern Africa and Madagascar, in the case of short-lived compounds, and from other Southern Hemispheric landmasses such as South America, in the case of longer-lived species. Ground-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar absorption observations are sensitive to a large number of biomass burning products. We present in this work the FTIR retrieval strategies, suitable for very humid sites such as Reunion Island, for hydrogen cyanide (HCN), ethane (C2H6), acetylene (C2H2), methanol (CH3OH), and formic acid (HCOOH). We provide their total columns time-series obtained from the measurements during August-October 2004, May-October 2007, and May 2009-December 2010. We show that biomass burning explains a large part of the observed seasonal and interannual variability of the chemical species. The correlations between the daily mean total columns of each of the species and those of CO, also measured with our FTIR spectrometer at Reunion Island, are very good from August to November (R ≥ 0.86). This allows us to derive, for that period, the following enhancement ratios with respect to CO: 0.0047, 0.0078, 0.0020, 0.012, and 0.0046 for HCN, C2H6, C2H2, CH3OH, and HCOOH, respectively. The HCN ground-based data are compared to the chemical transport model GEOS-Chem, while the data for the other species are compared to the IMAGESv2 model. We show that using the HCN/CO ratio derived from our measurements (0.0047) in GEOS-Chem reduces the underestimation of the modeled HCN columns compared with the FTIR measurements. The comparisons between IMAGESv2 and the long-lived species C2H6 and C2H2 indicate that the biomass burning emissions used in the model (from the GFED3 inventory) are probably underestimated in the late September-October period for all years of measurements, and especially in

  12. GLOBAL CRISIS – AN ECOLONOMIC APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Popescu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Considering the evolution of life of the whole living, "crisis is a natural manifestation, a form of thesystemic wisdom homeostasis ". Interpreted in terms of Hawa-yen philosophy, life of the "whole living" whichincludes economic and social life as well, crisis stands for excesses and deficits beyond the homeostasis "criticalmass" that disturbs due to the dangers generated by the harmony of integrated integers .As it encompasses both threats and opportunities that encourage creative destruction, crisis heightensawareness of a behavioural change for the sake of a new harmony. The current global crisis, in accordance with theholistic vision, is a systemic crisis a cultural, moral, spiritual and intellectual one that affects negatively all segmentsof life, such the natural, the economic, the social and their interactions, too.As a science of man-made environmental health, ecolonomy interprets the global crisis construed as a deviation ofhuman behaviour and institutional development from the requirements expressed by the harmony of "integratedintegers", the nature of the tunes, coherence and resonance.Deficits of love, authentic knowledge, faith in certainty of hope, wisdom, of education on the meaning oflife and for life, compassion and selflessness, etc, as well as excesses of selfishness, greed, power, domination,poverty, ignorance, waste, freedom without responsibility, etc., engender through their actions human and socialbehaviours which threaten social life and cut through homeostasis.The transformation of the dangers into opportunities- the backward evolution, is a process of whichmetanoia is occurring inside human being where the paradigms find " a nice nest" due to which we come to know,understand, we relate and act.

  13. The Subprime Crisis : From Financial Markets Collapse to a Global Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Chihi-Bouaziz, Meriam; Boujelbène, Younes; Bazin, Damien

    2014-01-01

    International audience The aim of this paper is to study the contagion effects of the subprime financial crisis on the real economy of developed countries. The contagion of this crisis will be measured by increased linkages between markets after a shock has taken place (the stock market shocks, the interbank spread). The VAR model is utilized to examine the relationship between the U.S. markets and European markets on two sub-periods: a calm period and a crisis period. Our results show tha...

  14. A NEW STAGE OF THE WORLD FINANCIAL CRISIS. SOVEREIGN DEBT CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Marius GUST; Parpandel, Denisa Elena; Sorin GRIGORESCU

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present paper is to emphasize the effects of the world financial crisis upon the European Union countries? economies and finances. From its beginning in 2007, the world financial crisis was felt in the countries of the European Union in less than a year and during the next two years, 2008 and 2009, it strongly impacted the economies and finances in these countries. The research goals reside in analyzing the implications of the new crisis wave which was felt again all throughout...

  15. Financial risks after the subprime crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Leiva Büchi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The subprime financial crisis revealed some of risks that were not considered as a priority. Among others, a liquidityrisk is now considered as one of the main risks to work with by all institutions. Apart from that, it became obviousthat traditional risk management focused only on what was known and expected, ignoring analysis and testing eventswith low probability but high impact. Lastly, the subprime crisis left a number of lessons in relation to the regulationfor financial markets that must be considered when creating a new regulatory system.

  16. Frame Complexity and the Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleinnijenhuis, Jan; Schultz, Friederike; Oegema, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    . The financial crisis in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany (2007–2012) offers an example. An automated content analysis was applied to over 160,000 newspaper articles. Frame complexity decreased until the spotlight fell on the demise of Bear Stearns and Lehman Brothers (2008). The subsequent...... gradual recovery was only partly interrupted by the euro crisis. A Vector AutoRegression time series analysis shows that increasing frame complexity may indeed have fostered the recovery of financial markets and consumer confidence....

  17. Part-time employment during the crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Katalin Bodnár

    2014-01-01

    Before the recent economic crisis, part-time employment was very low in Hungary. During the crisis, however, the most rapid increase in the number of part-time employees within the European Union was observed in Hungary. Part-time employment increased in a number of European Union countries for cyclical reasons: companies hoarded labour – usually with government assistance – by reducing the number of per capita hours worked instead of laying off workers. At the same time, part-time labour sup...

  18. The Economic Crisis and Public Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Sidel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The current global economic crisis seriously threatens the health of the public. Challenges include increases in malnutrition; homelessness and inadequate housing; unemployment; substance abuse, depression, and other mental health problems; mortality; child health problems; violence; environmental and occupational health problems; and social injustice and violation of human rights; as well as decreased availability, accessibility, and affordability of quality medical and dental care. Health professionals can respond by promoting surveillance and documentation of human needs, reassessing public health priorities, educating the public and policymakers about health problems worsened by the economic crisis, advocating for sound policies and programs to address these problems, and directly providing necessary programs and services.

  19. International Handbook of Organizational Crisis Management

    CERN Document Server

    Pearson, Christine M M; Clair, Judith A A

    2007-01-01

    Best-managed crises can bring positive recognition and enhance an organization's value; worst-managed crises can snuff its viability. Numerous books have been written on the topic, but many lack rigor: prescriptions are untested and quick fixes are based on elevating the readers' fears. The International Handbook of Organizational Crisis Management reflects the latest understanding of this field from prominent scholars and practitioners around the globe. Pushing the boundaries of crisis management research and practice, this book offers new frameworks and findings that capture insights and gui

  20. Crony Lending: Thailand before the Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Charumilind, Chutatong; Kali, Raja; Wiwattanakantang, Yupana

    2002-01-01

    The allocation of credit by banks on 'soft' terms to friends and relatives - often termed cronyism - rather than on the basis of 'hard' market criteria in the years leading up to the Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 has been hypothesized as an important cause of the crisis. These practices had their basis in the implicit guarantees provided by the government to banks, which in turn percolated down to firms having 'crony' ties to banks as soft-budget constraints for projects of uncertain qual...