WorldWideScience

Sample records for cancer crisis reunion

  1. Scleroderma renal crisis and cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosnier, Colombe; Achille, Aurélie; Lecouffe-Desprets, Marie; Néel, Antoine; Durant, Cécile; Agard, Christian

    2018-01-15

    We report two cases of elderly patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc) and inaugural scleroderma renal crisis (SRC). Initial exhaustive search for an underlying cancer was negative, but aggressive metastatic neoplasia was diagnosed after 1 year of follow-up. We emphasize the role of 18-FDG PET-scan to detect neoplasia in the following months after inaugural SRC in elderly. © The Author 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Association of Physicians. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Family Reunion Health Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enter Family Reunion Health Guide Make Kidney Health a Family Reunion Affair NATIONAL KIDNEY DISEASE EDUCATION PROGRAM Table of Contents 3 Make Health a Family Reunion Affair 5 Approach 1: The 15- minute ...

  3. Cervical cancer: A global health crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, William; Bacon, Monica A; Bajaj, Amishi; Chuang, Linus T; Fisher, Brandon J; Harkenrider, Matthew M; Jhingran, Anuja; Kitchener, Henry C; Mileshkin, Linda R; Viswanathan, Akila N; Gaffney, David K

    2017-07-01

    Cervical cancer is the fourth most common malignancy diagnosed in women worldwide. Nearly all cases of cervical cancer result from infection with the human papillomavirus, and the prevention of cervical cancer includes screening and vaccination. Primary treatment options for patients with cervical cancer may include surgery or a concurrent chemoradiotherapy regimen consisting of cisplatin-based chemotherapy with external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy. Cervical cancer causes more than one quarter of a million deaths per year as a result of grossly deficient treatments in many developing countries. This warrants a concerted global effort to counter the shocking loss of life and suffering that largely goes unreported. This article provides a review of the biology, prevention, and treatment of cervical cancer, and discusses the global cervical cancer crisis and efforts to improve the prevention and treatment of the disease in underdeveloped countries. Cancer 2017;123:2404-12. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

  4. Conferences and Family Reunions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Sutherland

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Professional associations and conferences have similarities with and differences from families and family reunions. This comparison can illustrate some ways professional associations can approach the integration of new members and the planning of conferences in order to facilitate membership development and leadership renewal. Unlike family reunions, professional conferences are not closed events that require a shared culture in order to fully participate; they are events that should show the constant change and development of practice that is representative of the profession – for both members and non-members. Some of the topics explored in the article are: making it easy for outsiders to contribute, considering the tastes of new members, making it easy to volunteer in a meaningful way, and remembering who the future of the organization is. These simple considerations will assist in opening professional associations to new participants and help them to maintain their relevance and vitality over time.

  5. Personality and birth order in monozygotic twins adopted apart: a test of Sulloway's theory; Research Reviews: twin births and cancer risk in mothers, male sexual dysfunction, twin study of ultimatum game behavior; Human Interest: 'The Land of Twins', twin-like reunion-I, twin-like reunion-II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Nancy L

    2008-02-01

    A brief overview of Sulloway's (1996) theory of birth order and personality is presented. A reared apart twin approach for testing his personality findings regarding openness to experience and conscientiousness in first borns and later borns is described. This is followed by summaries of three recent twin studies. The topics include cancer risk in mother of twins, sexual dysfunction in males and responder behavior during ultimatum games. This article concludes with a discussion of twinning rates and rituals among the Yoruba of western Nigeria, and descriptions of two unusual reunions between siblings and twins.

  6. Trends in cancer mortality in Spain: the influence of the financial crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrando, Josep; Palència, Laia; Gotsens, Mercè; Puig-Barrachina, Vanessa; Marí-Dell'Olmo, Marc; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Bartoll, Xavier; Borrell, Carme

    2018-02-13

    To determine if the onset of the economic crisis in Spain affected cancer mortality and mortality trends. We conducted a longitudinal ecological study based on all cancer-related deaths and on specific types of cancer (lung, colon, breast and prostate) in Spain between 2000 and 2013. We computed age-standardised mortality rates in men and women, and fit mixed Poisson models to analyse the effect of the crisis on cancer mortality and trends therein. After the onset of the economic crisis, cancer mortality continued to decline, but with a significant slowing of the yearly rate of decline (men: RR = 0.987, 95%CI = 0.985-0.990, before the crisis, and RR = 0.993, 95%CI = 0.991-0.996, afterwards; women: RR = 0.990, 95%CI = 0.988-0.993, before, and RR = 1.002, 95%CI = 0.998-1.006, afterwards). In men, lung cancer mortality was reduced, continuing the trend observed in the pre-crisis period; the trend in colon cancer mortality did not change significantly and continued to increase; and the yearly decline in prostate cancer mortality slowed significantly. In women, lung cancer mortality continued to increase each year, as before the crisis; colon cancer continued to decease; and the previous yearly downward trend in breast cancer mortality slowed down following the onset of the crisis. Since the onset of the economic crisis in Spain the rate of decline in cancer mortality has slowed significantly, and this situation could be exacerbated by the current austerity measures in healthcare. Copyright © 2018 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. reuniones y congresos en Murcia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Dolores Ponce Sánchez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La consolidación del turismo de reuniones en la ciudad de Murcia, en un contexto de fuerte competencia, nos conduce a refl exionar sobre su capacidad competitiva en relación a una red urbana de ámbito nacional. El estudio muestra la evolución experimentada por los parámetros cuantitativos básicos y la opinión y pretensiones que tienen a cerca de este producto turístico los principales agentes del sector. Perspectiva imprescindible para establecer relaciones de cooperación y diálogo entre los actores implicados, con el fi n de optimizar, en términos de sostenibilidad, las importantes inversiones realizadas hasta ahora.

  8. Hypertensive crisis in a patient with thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asha, H S; Seshadri, M S; Rajaratnam, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Phaeochromocytomas may be discovered incidentally when patients present with hypertensive crisis during general anaesthesia. A 49-year-old man underwent thyroidectomy 25 years ago and was diagnosed to have spindle cell carcinoma of the thyroid. He presented with recent onset of hoarseness of voice and was found to have a vocal cord nodule. He developed a hypertensive crisis during surgery. He was subsequently evaluated and found to have bilateral phaeochromocytoma. Further evaluation revealed a RET proto-oncogene mutation at codon 634 consistent with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN)-2A. Copyright 2012, NMJI.

  9. Family Reunions: Broadened Kinship, Celebrated Rurality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Menasche

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This articletakes family reunions held among peasants as a focus of study. During these events,keycultural categories come to light from which the analyzed group builds up ideas about kinship and also the relations that are implied in it. We observe that, in these cases, there are also indications of specific elements through which people express a valorization of rurality. To carry out this study, we collected data as part of an ethnographic research project conducted at a family reunion and in a rural community settled by German descendent immigrants, located in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil

  10. The effects of the financial crisis on primary prevention of cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Moreno, Jose M; Alfonso-Sanchez, Jose Luis; Harris, Meggan; Lopez-Valcarcel, Beatriz Gonzalez

    2010-09-01

    The present financial crisis will affect primary cancer prevention through several avenues: personal lifestyle choices, exposure to environmental risk factors, decisions made in the private sector and public policy on cancer prevention. Whilst it is clearly problematic to reach solid conclusions on a direct connection between economic crises and cancer mortality, we can identify trends that provide guidance for further action. For some lifestyle choices such as smoking or diet, we argue that public policy may channel existing tendencies during times of crisis for clear added value. In other areas, including research and health system investments, we will make the case that the resources not used now for cancer prevention efforts will lead to increased costs (both financial and human) down the road. Policy makers face a clear choice: they can follow a cost contention strategy, which may reduce expenditure in the short-term only to increase it in the long-term, or they can use the financial crisis as an opportunity to make difficult choices in terms of health service rationalisation, whilst at the same time strengthening evidence-based prevention policies. In short, we argue that despite the scarcity of funds and the governmental priorities on economic recovery, cancer prevention is more relevant now than ever. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Strategies to avoid treatment-induced lineage crisis in advanced prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roubaud, Guilhem; Liaw, Bobby C; Oh, William K; Mulholland, David J

    2017-05-01

    The increasing potency of therapies that target the androgen receptor (AR) signalling axis has correlated with a rise in the proportion of patients with prostate cancer harbouring an adaptive phenotype, termed treatment-induced lineage crisis. This phenotype is characterized by features that include soft-tissue metastasis and/or resistance to standard anticancer therapies. Potent anticancer treatments might force cancer cells to evolve and develop alternative cell lineages that are resistant to primary therapies, a mechanism similar to the generation of multidrug- resistant microorganisms after continued antibiotic use. Herein, we assess the hypothesis that treatment-adapted phenotypes harbour reduced AR expression and/or activity, and acquire compensatory strategies for cell survival. We highlight the striking similarities between castration-resistant prostate cancer and triple-negative breast cancer, another poorly differentiated endocrine malignancy. Alternative treatment paradigms are needed to avoid therapy-induced resistance. Herein, we present a new clinical trial strategy designed to evaluate the potential of rapid drug cycling as an approach to delay the onset of resistance and treatment-induced lineage crisis in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

  12. Strategies to avoid treatment-induced lineage crisis in advanced prostate cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roubaud, Guilhem; Liaw, Bobby C.; Oh, William K.; Mulholland, David J.

    2017-01-01

    The increasing potency of therapies that target the androgen receptor (AR) signalling axis has correlated with a rise in the proportion of patients with prostate cancer harbouring an adaptive phenotype, termed treatment-induced lineage crisis. This phenotype is characterized by features that include soft-tissue metastasis and/or resistance to standard anticancer therapies. Potent anticancer treatments might force cancer cells to evolve and develop alternative cell lineages that are resistant to primary therapies, a mechanism similar to the generation of multidrug-resistant microorganisms after continued antibiotic use. Herein, we assess the hypothesis that treatment-adapted phenotypes harbour reduced AR expression and/or activity, and acquire compensatory strategies for cell survival. We highlight the striking similarities between castration-resistant prostate cancer and triple-negative breast cancer, another poorly differentiated endocrine malignancy. Alternative treatment paradigms are needed to avoid therapy-induced resistance. Herein, we present a new clinical trial strategy designed to evaluate the potential of rapid drug cycling as an approach to delay the onset of resistance and treatment-induced lineage crisis in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. PMID:27874061

  13. Deprivation and smoking trends among lung cancer patients before and after the Greek economic crisis. Insights from the Cancer Registry of Crete.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla

    2017-05-01

    The increased LC burden after the onset of the economic crisis, along with a changing pattern of LC predictors stress the urgent need of targeted interventions and cancer control programs focusing on the most deprived or vulnerable population groups.

  14. Centro para reuniones, en Karpfenberg, Estiria (Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windbrechtinger, W.

    1965-03-01

    Full Text Available The building bas two wings. One of them has two storeys, and a semibasement, and is used as offices. The other wing has a single floor level, and constitutes the Meeting Hall. On entering there is a kind of forecourt, and behind the meeting hall there is a further court, which on special occasions could also be utilized for large meetings. Amusement rooms for television and card and other games are provided in the semibasement: also a photographic laboratory, games stores, washing and boiler room. The ground floor contains the municipal library, a number of offices (an insurance company, the workers' chamber, and the association of nature's friends and rooms for the meetings of political organisations. On the second floor the syndicates have their offices, which include board room, a teaching room, three rooms for guests, the doorman's living quarters, and the necessary services. Finally, the meeting hall section involves a vestibule, the hall itself with accommodation for 300 people, a stage, cafeteria, kitchen, and other auxiliary facilities. The design of this building is rational and straightforward, and is pleasantly in keeping with the surrounding buildings and landscape.El edificio consta de dos alas: una, con dos plantas—destinadas a oficinas—y semisótano; y otra, de una sola planta, en la que está situada la sala de reuniones. Visto el conjunto desde la entrada, aparece una especie de patio delantero, dejando, detrás de la sala, un segundo patio, susceptible de ser utilizado en casos especiales, tales como grandes reuniones, etc. El semisótano agrupa las salas de esparcimiento—juego, televisión, trabajos para entretenimiento—, laboratorio fotográfico y cámara oscura, locales para guardar los utensilios de deporte, aseos, almacén y cuarto de la calefacción. La planta baja contiene la biblioteca municipal, varias oficinas— de una sociedad de seguros, de la cámara de trabajadores, de la asociación de amigos de la

  15. Reunion Island's Position in the southern African and the Indian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Reunion Island is one of the islands in southeastern Africa. Like most other islands, it experienced colonisation and became part of the French colonial empire. What is interesting is that Reunion Island rather opted for continued dependency while other colonised territories opted for sovereignty; the island thus became

  16. Glucose metabolism determines resistance of cancer cells to bioenergetic crisis after cytochrome-c release.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Huber, Heinrich J

    2011-03-01

    Many anticancer drugs activate caspases via the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Activation of this pathway triggers a concomitant bioenergetic crisis caused by the release of cytochrome-c (cyt-c). Cancer cells are able to evade these processes by altering metabolic and caspase activation pathways. In this study, we provide the first integrated system study of mitochondrial bioenergetics and apoptosis signalling and examine the role of mitochondrial cyt-c release in these events. In accordance with single-cell experiments, our model showed that loss of cyt-c decreased mitochondrial respiration by 95% and depolarised mitochondrial membrane potential ΔΨ(m) from -142 to -88 mV, with active caspase-3 potentiating this decrease. ATP synthase was reversed under such conditions, consuming ATP and stabilising ΔΨ(m). However, the direction and level of ATP synthase activity showed significant heterogeneity in individual cancer cells, which the model explained by variations in (i) accessible cyt-c after release and (ii) the cell\\'s glycolytic capacity. Our results provide a quantitative and mechanistic explanation for the protective role of enhanced glucose utilisation for cancer cells to avert the otherwise lethal bioenergetic crisis associated with apoptosis initiation.

  17. The use of crisis medication in the management of terminal haemorrhage due to incurable cancer: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, D G; Finlay, I G; Flowers, S; Noble, S I R

    2011-10-01

    Terminal haemorrhage is a rare but devastating event that may occur in certain advanced cancers. The focus of management involves administration of 'crisis medicine' with the intention of relieving patient distress through sedative doses of anxiolytics or opioids. This practice, whilst widely accepted, is based on limited evidence and has never been formally evaluated. To evaluate the utility of crisis medication in the management of terminal haemorrhage, through the experiences of nurses who had personally managed such events. Semi-structured interviews exploring the experiences of palliative care and head and neck oncology nurses were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Saturation of themes occurred after interviewing 11 nurses with cumulative experience of managing 37 terminal haemorrhages. Participants reported crisis medication to have little, if any, role in the management of terminal haemorrhage, which was such a rapid event that patients died before it could be administered. As many events had not been predicted, anticipatory prescribing of crisis medication did not always occur. Staying with and supporting the patient, and using dark-coloured towels to camouflage blood were reported to be of more practical use. A focus on accessing crisis medicines had often been to the detriment of these simple yet beneficial measures. Anticipatory prescribing of crisis medication rarely benefits the patient and may unintentionally detract from nursing care. Guidelines on the management of terminal haemorrhage should reconsider the emphasis on crisis medication and focus on non-pharmacological approaches to this invariably fatal event.

  18. Soigner par la nature à la Réunion : l’usage des plantes médicinales comme recours thérapeutique dans la prise en charge du cancer Using Nature to Heal in the Reunion: Medicinal Plants as Therapeutic Recourse in Cancer Care Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Desprès

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les logiques profanes qui président à la consommation de plantes médicinales à l’île de la Réunion, dans le cadre de la prise en charge du cancer. Le contexte réunionnais est caractérisé par la pluralité des recours (médecine traditionnelle, biomédecine, médecines alternatives. Celle-ci est en particulier observée dans la prise en charge du cancer. Pour cette maladie dans l’immense majorité des cas, les recours se conjuguent à une prise en charge médicale. Les plantes médicinales occupent une place prépondérante au sein de la constellation de recours. Ces consommations de plantes habituellement sous forme de tisanes s’appuient sur des savoirs hérités et un habitus. Une fois le cancer diagnostiqué, certains malades vont abandonner l’usage de plantes dans la mesure où les médecins les contre-indiquent. D’autres au contraire vont consommer ces plantes afin d’accompagner la maladie ou aider à la guérison. Le rapport aux plantes apparait alors en lien avec la manière dont les malades s’inscrivent dans la prise en charge de leur maladie. Elle révèle une rupture de dépendance à l’égard de la médecine occidentale qui reste cependant partielle. L’usage des plantes peut prendre la signification d’une affirmation d’une identité culturelle dans un contexte de bouleversement de l’être provoqué par la maladie. Dans l’univers profane réunionnais, cet usage affranchi des prescriptions des tradipraticiens (tout en restant en continuité avec leurs savoirs renvoie à une démarche plus autonome dans la gestion individuelle des soins. Mais dans les deux cas, elle est un révélateur de stratégies de réappropriation de la maladie.This article analyses the profane logics underlying cancer patients’ medicinal plant consumption in the Reunion island (French department in the Indian Ocean. Care in the Réunionese context is characterized by the combined use of traditional

  19. Human Leptospirosis on Reunion Island: Past and Current Burden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Pagès

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 1953, leptospirosis has been recognized as a public health problem on Reunion Island. In 2004, was implemented a specific surveillance system that included systematic reporting and the realization of environmental investigations around hospitalized cases. Here, we present the synthesis of historical data and the assessment of 9 years of leptospirosis surveillance. From 2004 to 2012, 414 hospitalized cases were reported. Cases of leptospirosis occurred mostly during the rainy season from December to May. Approximately 41% of infections occurred at home, 12% of infections occurred during aquatic leisure and 5% of cases were linked to professional activities. Furthermore, for 41% of cases, the place of infection could not be determined due to the accumulation of residential and non-residential exposure. Most of the cases of leptospirosis were linked to rural areas or traditional, rural occupations. We did not observe a shift to recreational leptospirosis as described in some developed countries. According to the new surveillance system, the number of reported cases has regularly increased since 2004. This situation is in part due to the improvement of the system in the first years but also to a real increase in the number of detected cases due to the introduction of molecular methods and to increased biological investigation into the Dengue-like syndrome by medical practitioners on the island since the Chikungunya crisis in 2006. This increase is probably due to surveillance and diagnosis biases but need to be carefully monitored. Nevertheless, the possibility of an outbreak is always present due to climatic events, such as after the “hyacinth” hurricane in 1980.

  20. Human Leptospirosis on Reunion Island: Past and Current Burden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagès, Frédéric; Polycarpe, Dominique; Dehecq, Jean-Sébastien; Picardeau, Mathieu; Caillère, Nadège; Jaffar-Bandjee, Marie-Christine; Michault, Alain; Filleul, Laurent

    2014-01-01

    Since 1953, leptospirosis has been recognized as a public health problem on Reunion Island. In 2004, was implemented a specific surveillance system that included systematic reporting and the realization of environmental investigations around hospitalized cases. Here, we present the synthesis of historical data and the assessment of 9 years of leptospirosis surveillance. From 2004 to 2012, 414 hospitalized cases were reported. Cases of leptospirosis occurred mostly during the rainy season from December to May. Approximately 41% of infections occurred at home, 12% of infections occurred during aquatic leisure and 5% of cases were linked to professional activities. Furthermore, for 41% of cases, the place of infection could not be determined due to the accumulation of residential and non-residential exposure. Most of the cases of leptospirosis were linked to rural areas or traditional, rural occupations. We did not observe a shift to recreational leptospirosis as described in some developed countries. According to the new surveillance system, the number of reported cases has regularly increased since 2004. This situation is in part due to the improvement of the system in the first years but also to a real increase in the number of detected cases due to the introduction of molecular methods and to increased biological investigation into the Dengue-like syndrome by medical practitioners on the island since the Chikungunya crisis in 2006. This increase is probably due to surveillance and diagnosis biases but need to be carefully monitored. Nevertheless, the possibility of an outbreak is always present due to climatic events, such as after the “hyacinth” hurricane in 1980. PMID:24434593

  1. Cheetah Reunion - The Challenge of Finding Your Friends Again.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Y Hubel

    Full Text Available Animals navigate their environment using a variety of senses and strategies. This multiplicity enables them to respond to different navigational requirements resulting from habitat, scale and purpose. One of the challenges social animals face is how to reunite after periods of separation. We explore a variety of possible mechanisms used to reunite the members of a cheetah coalition dispersed within a large area after prolonged separation. Using GPS data from three cheetahs reuniting after weeks of separation, we determined that 1 the likelihood of purely coincidental reunion is miniscule 2 the reunion occurred in an area not normally frequented 3 with very little time spent in the region in advance of the reunion. We therefore propose that timely encounter of scent markings where paths cross is the most likely mechanism used to aid the reunion.

  2. Cancer Care at Times of Crisis and War: The Syrian Example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahloul, Eman; Salem, Riad; Alrez, Wessam; Alkarim, Tayseer; Sukari, Ammar; Maziak, Wasim; Atassi, M Bassel

    2017-08-01

    As Syria enters its fifth year of conflict, the number of civilians killed and injured continues to rise sharply. Along with this conflict comes the rapid decline of medical care, specifically cancer care. To determine physician and equipment availability, cancer screening and management, and possible solutions relative to various major cities, a survey was distributed to physicians inside Syria through the help of the humanitarian organization Syrian American Medical Society. Online surveys were distributed to both certified oncologists who work in cancer clinics and general physicians who work in rural and mobile clinics inside Syria. Variables assessed were physician specialty, location, population, cost, regional situation (besieged versus government controlled), and resource availability and access. Results were stratified by location and physician specialty. Survey results revealed a large shortage of specialized physicians and inhibited accessibility to screening and management options in besieged areas compared with government-controlled regions. Physicians within both government-controlled and besieged cities reported limited or no targeted agents, radiation therapy, clinical trials, bone marrow transplantation, positron emission tomography scans, magnetic resonance imaging, and genetic testing. The Syrian civil war has resulted in suboptimal oncology care in the majority of the region. In consideration of specific deficiencies in cancer care, we recommend several solutions that may better the level of care in Syria: patient education on medical documentation and self-examination; online consultation; and cheap, effective screening methods. The implementation of these recommendations may change the course of cancer care in a country that has deteriorated into the worst humanitarian crisis of the century.

  3. Cancer Care at Times of Crisis and War: The Syrian Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eman Sahloul

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: As Syria enters its fifth year of conflict, the number of civilians killed and injured continues to rise sharply. Along with this conflict comes the rapid decline of medical care, specifically cancer care. To determine physician and equipment availability, cancer screening and management, and possible solutions relative to various major cities, a survey was distributed to physicians inside Syria through the help of the humanitarian organization Syrian American Medical Society. Methods: Online surveys were distributed to both certified oncologists who work in cancer clinics and general physicians who work in rural and mobile clinics inside Syria. Variables assessed were physician specialty, location, population, cost, regional situation (besieged versus government controlled, and resource availability and access. Results were stratified by location and physician specialty. Results: Survey results revealed a large shortage of specialized physicians and inhibited accessibility to screening and management options in besieged areas compared with government-controlled regions. Physicians within both government-controlled and besieged cities reported limited or no targeted agents, radiation therapy, clinical trials, bone marrow transplantation, positron emission tomography scans, magnetic resonance imaging, and genetic testing. Conclusion: The Syrian civil war has resulted in suboptimal oncology care in the majority of the region. In consideration of specific deficiencies in cancer care, we recommend several solutions that may better the level of care in Syria: patient education on medical documentation and self-examination; online consultation; and cheap, effective screening methods. The implementation of these recommendations may change the course of cancer care in a country that has deteriorated into the worst humanitarian crisis of the century.

  4. Enhancer alterations in cancer: a source for a cell identity crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kron, Ken J; Bailey, Swneke D; Lupien, Mathieu

    2014-01-01

    Enhancers are selectively utilized to orchestrate gene expression programs that first govern pluripotency and then proceed to highly specialized programs required for the process of cellular differentiation. Whereas gene-proximal promoters are typically active across numerous cell types, distal enhancer activation is cell-type-specific and central to cell fate determination, thereby accounting for cell identity. Recent studies have highlighted the diversity of enhancer usage, cataloguing millions of such elements in the human genome. The disruption of enhancer activity, through genetic or epigenetic alterations, can impact cell-type-specific functions, resulting in a wide range of pathologies. In cancer, these alterations can promote a 'cell identity crisis', in which enhancers associated with oncogenes and multipotentiality are activated, while those promoting cell fate commitment are inactivated. Overall, these alterations favor an undifferentiated cellular phenotype. Here, we review the current knowledge regarding the role of enhancers in normal cell function, and discuss how genetic and epigenetic changes in enhancer elements potentiate oncogenesis. In addition, we discuss how understanding the mechanisms regulating enhancer activity can inform therapeutic opportunities in cancer cells and highlight key challenges that remain in understanding enhancer biology as it relates to oncology.

  5. Leprosy on Reunion Island, 2005-2013: Situation and Perspectives.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Camuset

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Reunion Island is a French overseas territory located in the south-western of Indian Ocean, 700 km east of Madagascar. Leprosy first arrived on Reunion Island in the early 1700s with the African slaves and immigration from Madagascar. The disease was endemic until 1980 but improvement of health care and life conditions of inhabitants in the island have allowed a strong decrease in new cases of leprosy. However, the reintroduction of the disease by migrants from endemic neighbouring countries like Comoros and Madagascar is a real and continuing risk. This observational study was then conducted to measure the number of new cases detected annually on Reunion Island between 2005 and 2013, and to describe the clinical features of these patients.Data were collected over two distinct periods. Incident cases between 2005 and 2010 come from a retrospective study conducted in 2010 by the regional Office of French Institute for Public Health Surveillance (CIRE of Indian Ocean, when no surveillance system exist. Cases between 2011 and 2013 come from a prospective collection of all new cases, following the implementation of systematic notification of all new cases. All patient data were anonymized. Among the 25 new cases, 12 are Reunion Island residents who never lived outside Reunion Island, and hence are considered to be confirmed autochthonous patients. Registered prevalence in 2014 was 0.05 /10 000 habitants, less than the WHO's eradication goal (1/10 000.Leprosy is no longer a major public health problem on Reunion Island, as its low prevalence rate indicates. However, the risk of recrudescence of the disease and of renewed autochthonous transmission remains real. In this context, active case detection must be pursued through the active declaration and rapid treatment of all new cases.

  6. El turismo de reuniones y negocios en Mallorca

    OpenAIRE

    Jaume Binimelis Sebastian; Antoni Ordinas Garau

    2003-01-01

    Los autores analizan la incidencia que el turismo de reuniones y congresos tiene en un espacio de fuerte implantancion turística como es la isla de Mallorca. A partir de encuesta Delphi a los agentes sociales implicados en dicho subsector, valoran las infraestructuras existentes para el desarrollo del turismo de reuniones y además, dibujan el perfil de la demanda existente. Los autores concluyen que, paradójicamente, Mallorca gran resorte turístico, no cuenta con las infraestru...

  7. Crisis and Crisis Scenarios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Øjvind

    2016-01-01

    This special issue of Nordicum-Mediterraneum contains select proceedings from the third meeting of the Nordic Summer University research circle called “Crisis and Crisis Scenarios: Normativity, Possibilities and Dilemmas”, held April 9th — 12th, 2015 at the Lysebu Conference Centre in Oslo, Norway...

  8. Reflections on the Fiftieth Reunion of the Guinea Pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loud, Oliver

    1988-01-01

    A member of the original faculty of the experimental Ohio State University Laboratory High School reflects at a fiftieth reunion of the first graduating class. Students were used as guinea pigs to determine the effects of providing teenagers with liberating, interesting, and customized education from university faculty. (SM)

  9. Ecological interactions in Aedes species on Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagny Beilhe, L; Delatte, H; Juliano, S A; Fontenille, D; Quilici, S

    2013-12-01

    Two invasive, container-breeding mosquito species, Aedes aegypti (Stegomyia aegypti) and Aedes albopictus (Stegomyia albopicta) (Diptera: Culicidae), have different distribution patterns on Reunion Island. Aedes albopictus occurs in all areas and Ae. aegypti colonizes only some restricted areas already occupied by Ae. albopictus. This study investigates the abiotic and biotic ecological mechanisms that determine the distribution of Aedes species on Reunion Island. Life history traits (duration of immature stages, survivorship, fecundity, estimated finite rate of increase) in Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus were compared at different temperatures. These fitness measures were characterized in both species in response to competitive interactions among larvae. Aedes aegypti was drastically affected by temperature, performing well only at around 25 °C, at which it achieved its highest survivorship and greatest estimated rate of increase. The narrow distribution of this species in the field on Reunion Island may thus relate to its poor ability to cope with unfavourable temperatures. Aedes aegypti was also more negatively affected by high population densities and to some extent by interactions with Ae. albopictus, particularly in the context of limited food supplies. Aedes albopictus exhibited better population performance across a range of environmental conditions. Its ecological plasticity and its superior competitive ability relative to its congener may further enhance its invasion success on Reunion Island. © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society.

  10. Knowledge and attitudes of women regarding gynaecological cancer prevention in an urban area of Greece in financial crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saridi, Maria; Kapogeorgou, Eleni; Rekleiti, Maria; Geitona, Maria; Souliotis, Kyriakos

    2017-12-01

    Preventive gynaecological examinations (PGEs) are the main means of monitoring gynaecological cancers across the developed world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions and attitudes of women of a regional municipality of Greece, regarding preventive gynaecological examinations amid economic crisis. The study included 360 women aged 20-70 years, who lived in an urban area of Greece. A specialised, valid and anonymous questionnaire that included questions about perceptions and attitudes regarding preventive gynaecological examinations was used. The data analysis was performed using the statistical package spss 21. It was found that women who lived in less developed areas had had lower educational levels and higher abstinence rates from medical examinations. The main source of information about sexually transmitted diseases was their social circle (48%), but the gynaecologist is the one preferred (54.8) to inform about preventive gynaecological examinations. Thirty per cent of the participants had never have a mammogram, while 33.9% of the sample did not show the same result, although considered the Pap test necessary. The main cause of women's abstention of preventive gynaecological examinations is the financial crisis. The current financial crisis has negatively affected the women's ability to afford gynaecological examinations. Therefore, it is necessary to inform the population about the necessity of preventive gynaecological examinations starting from school age and at the same time, health information and promotion campaigns should be launched at a national level. © 2017 Nordic College of Caring Science.

  11. las reuniones de estudios regionales (1973-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Herranz Loncán

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta un análisis bibliométrico de las contribuciones presentadas a las 30 Reuniones de Estudios Regionales celebradas entre 1973 y la actualidad. En primer lugar, se ofrecen listados de los autores e instituciones que han participado más activamente en las Reuniones. En segundo lugar, se analizan los cambios que han tenido lugar a lo largo del tiempo en los objetivos, temas y técnicas utilizadas por los investigadores, así como su área de especialización científica, lo que permite obtener algunas conclusiones sobre la evolución de la práctica de la Ciencia Regional en España en los últimos treinta años.

  12. El turismo de reuniones y negocios en Mallorca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume Binimelis Sebastian

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Los autores analizan la incidencia que el turismo de reuniones y congresos tiene en un espacio de fuerte implantancion turística como es la isla de Mallorca. A partir de encuesta Delphi a los agentes sociales implicados en dicho subsector, valoran las infraestructuras existentes para el desarrollo del turismo de reuniones y además, dibujan el perfil de la demanda existente. Los autores concluyen que, paradójicamente, Mallorca gran resorte turístico, no cuenta con las infraestructuras adecuadas para el desarrollo del turismo congresual. Asimismo, cabe reseñar la opinión unánime entre los agentes y representantes de los diversos sectores turísticos por la cual se confirma el importante papel que podría jugar el sector del turismo de reuniones y negocios respecto a la resolución de diversos retos planteados al conjunto de la actividad turística en Mallorca, como los de la desestacionalización, la desmasificación y la consecución de un mayor gasto diario del turista que visita la isla.

  13. Explaining quality of life with crisis theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sprangers, M.A.G.; van den Heuvel, W.J.A.; de Haes, H.C.J.M.

    2002-01-01

    Based on the premises of crisis theory. we expected cancer patients in-crisis to report a poorer quality of life (QL) and cancer patients post-crisis to report a similar level of overall QL in comparison to healthy individuals. To explain these hypothesized findings, we expected the coping resources

  14. Crisis intervention for nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Emily

    2013-06-01

    Cancer diagnoses and treatments can be crisis-causing events that overwhelm the usual coping abilities of patients and their families. Oncology nurses constantly are observing and attending to patients' diverse needs, ranging from biomedical to emotional, social, and psychological. Nurses have the chance to be first responders in times of patient crises, as they are in the position to recognize the crisis, respond effectively, and transform the crisis into a pivotal learning experience. This article discusses a way to think about patient and family crises that empowers nurses to respond in a manner appropriate to the cultural context and respectful of the individual space of the patient.

  15. Cancer screening and health system resilience: keys to protecting and bolstering preventive services during a financial crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Moreno, Jose M; Anttila, Ahti; von Karsa, Lawrence; Alfonso-Sanchez, Jose L; Gorgojo, Lydia

    2012-09-01

    The aim of this paper is to elucidate the rationale for sustaining and expanding cost-effective, population-based screening services for breast, cervical and colorectal cancers in the context of the current financial crisis. Our objective is not only to promote optimal delivery of high-quality secondary cancer prevention services, but also to underline the importance of strengthening comprehensive cancer control, and with it, health system response to the complex care challenges posed by all chronic diseases. We focus primarily on issues surrounding planning, organisation, implementation and resources, arguing that given the growing cancer burden, policymakers have ample justification for establishing and expanding population-based programmes that are well-organised, well-resourced and well-executed. In a broader economic context of rescue packages, deficits and cutbacks to government entitlements, health professionals must intensify their advocacy for the protection of vital preventive health services by fighting for quality services with clear benefits for population health outcomes. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Identity crisis in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruffenach, G; Bonnet, S; Rousseaux, S; Khochbin, S; Provencher, S; Perros, F

    2018-01-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) shares many hallmarks with cancer. Cancer cells acquire their hallmarks by a pathological Darwinian evolution process built on the so-called cancer cell "identity crisis." Here we demonstrate that PAH shares the most striking features of the cancer identity crisis: the ectopic expression of normally silent tissue-specific genes.

  17. Counsel meetings about the White book on energies; Reunion de concertation sur le livre blanc sur les energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maillard, D

    2003-12-01

    These reunions aim to discuss the opinion of experts on the energy about the law project on the energies, integrated in the White Book. The first reunion concerns the control of the energy demand, the second reunion is devoted to the territory and social solidarities, the renewable energies development and the situation of Corsica and the overseas territories. The third reunion deals with the supply security. (A.L.B.)

  18. Hypertensive Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peripheral Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Hypertensive Crisis: When You Should Call 9-1-1 for ... the Facts About HBP • Know Your Numbers Introduction Hypertensive Crisis Monitoring Your Blood Pressure At Home • Understand Symptoms ...

  19. Hemolytic crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003270.htm Hemolytic crisis To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Hemolytic crisis occurs when large numbers of red blood cells ...

  20. Physiological effects of separation and reunion in relation to attachment and temperament in young children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterman, M.; Schuengel, C.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined physiological effects of separation and reunion in a sample 3- to 6-year-old children. Using continuous ambulatory recording, changes in heart rate (HR), respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and pre-ejection period (PEP) were compared across the episodes of a separation-reunion

  1. Myasthenic Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendell, Linda C.; Levine, Joshua M.

    2011-01-01

    Myasthenic crisis is a complication of myasthenia gravis characterized by worsening of muscle weakness, resulting in respiratory failure that requires intubation and mechanical ventilation. Advances in critical care have improved the mortality rate associated with myasthenic crisis. This article reviews the epidemiology of myasthenic crisis and discusses patient evaluation. Therapeutic options including mechanical ventilation and pharmacological and surgical treatments are also discussed. PMID:23983833

  2. Uveka: a UV exposure monitoring system using autonomous instruments network for Reunion Island citizens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sébastien, Nicolas; Cros, Sylvain; Lallemand, Caroline; Kurzrock, Frederik; Schmutz, Nicolas

    2016-04-01

    Reunion Island is a French oversea territory located in the Indian Ocean. This tropical Island has about 840,000 inhabitants and is visited every year by more than 400,000 tourists. On average, 340 sunny days occurs on this island in a whole year. Beyond these advantageous conditions, exposure of the population to ultraviolet radiation constitutes a public health issue. The number of hospitalisations for skin cancer increased by 50% between 2005 and 2010. Health insurance reimbursements due to ophthalmic anomalies caused by the sun is about two million Euros. Among the prevention measures recommended by public health policies, access to information on UV radiation is one of the basic needs. Reuniwatt, supported by the Regional Council of La Reunion, is currently developing the project Uveka. Uveka is a solution permitting to provide in real-time and in short-term forecast (several hours), the UV radiation maps of the Reunion Island. Accessible via web interface and smartphone application, Uveka informs the citizens about the UV exposure rate and its risk according to its individual characteristics (skin phototype, past exposure to sun etc.). The present work describes this initiative through the presentation of the UV radiation monitoring system and the data processing chain toward the end-users. The UV radiation monitoring system of Uveka is a network of low cost UV sensors. Each instrument is equipped with a solar panel and a battery. Moreover, the sensor is able to communicate using the 3G telecommunication network. Then, the instrument can be installed without AC power or access to a wired communication network. This feature eliminates a site selection constraint. Indeed, with more than 200 microclimates and a strong cloud cover spatial variability, building a representative measurement site network in this island with a limited number of instruments is a real challenge. In addition to these UV radiation measurements, the mapping of the surface solar radiation

  3. [Crisis intervention].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Claudius

    2012-01-01

    The Austrian Program for Suicide Prevention defines as Point 2: "Support and treatment". The suicide-preventive outcome of the development of psychotherapeutic-psychosocial care in Austria has been proved. This means, that the further development of institutions with focus on crisis intervention is a central agenda of Suicide prevention Austria (SUPRA). First, in this article are defined the terms crisis and crisis intervention, also the close connection to programs of suicide prevention is pointed out. Furthermore general aims and standards for crisis intervention are defined and the current situation of crisis intervention in Austria is described. Finally recommendations for practical aims and their implementation in the context of SUPRA are made.

  4. H-deficient blood groups of Reunion island. II. Differences between Indians (Bombay Phenotype) and whites (Reunion phenotype).

    OpenAIRE

    Le Pendu, J; Gerard, G; Vitrac, D; Juszczak, G; Liberge, G; Rouger, P; Salmon, C; Lambert, F; Dalix, A M; Oriol, R

    1983-01-01

    Two variants of recessive, H-deficient nonsecretor individuals (h/h, se/se) were identified on Reunion Island: (1) H-negative individuals corresponding to the classical Bombay phenotypes (OhO, OhA, OhB, OhAB) who lack completely the H antigen on their red cells; all of them were Indian and had strong anti-H antibodies reacting with normal O and Oh red cells from whites; and (2) H-weak individuals (Oh, Ah, Bh, ABh). This phenotype represented the majority (85%) of the H-deficient phenotypes on...

  5. Managing crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Bakacsi, Gyula

    2010-01-01

    The traditional approach to crisis management suggest autocratic leadership, that has risks anyway (leader is the bottle-neck of problem solving, single-loop learning, crisis management is a matter of efficiency). However, managing nowadays crisis is rather effectiveness issue, and requires double-loop learning (second-order change) and leadership role in the sense of Kotter’s theory. Paper discusses the top-management’s leadership responsibilities, and their special tasks in the problem solv...

  6. [Crisis intervention.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecomte, Y; Lefebvre, Y

    1986-01-01

    This article is an extensive review of literature on crisis intervention. The authors explore the theoretical grounds of this approach and rate them by means of a thorough analysis of the research done on the subject. More precisely they elaborate a definition of a crisis, provide a classification of same, explain its process and describe how the intervention develops in a crisis situation. They examine, in the second part, the dependence phenomenon, and the determining factors encountered. Then, they study the notion of the triggering factors that lead them to the necessity of taking into account the mediatory factors and explanatory variables in the resolution of the crisis.

  7. Nivolumab induced myxedema crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Uqba; Rizvi, Humaira; Sano, Dahlia; Chiu, Jane; Hadid, Tarik

    2017-01-01

    Background Nivolumab is an anti-programmed cell death (anti-PD-1) monoclonal antibody that is approved by Food and Drug Administration for treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, metastatic melanoma, relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma and advanced renal cell cancer. We report a rare case of myxedema crisis induced by nivolumab in a patient with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of lung. Case presentation Fifty three-year old woman with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma currently on treat...

  8. Effectiveness of a Brief Health Education Intervention for Breast Cancer Prevention in Greece Under Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyriakoula Merakou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevalence rates in breast cancer have now reached epidemic levels. One of the main reasons behind onset of breast cancer is poor preventive beliefs and behavior of women towards cancer prevention. We examined the effectiveness of health education intervention in two communities of South Greece.Objective: The study investigates the effectiveness of a brief health education intervention on women’s beliefs and behaviour changes concerning breast cancer prevention.Methodology: A 90-minute, one-off encounter, health education study was designed for 300 women from Peloponissos, South Greece. A Health Belief Model questionnaire, was used before the intervention, immediately after and 6-months after the intervention.Results: Despite certain perception-related barriers (embarrassment, anxiety, ect women’s overall beliefs towards breast cancer prevention (perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits and perceived barriers changed positively after the health education intervention and this change was sustained at 6-month follow up. However, specific barriers (embarrassment, fear of pain, anxiety when anticipating tests’ results were not maintained at the same level of post-intervention during the same follow up. During the follow up period, women performed breast self-examination every month (73% and 55.10% had breast examination by a clinician and underwent a mammography.Conclusions: Short, low cost, health education interventions for breast cancer prevention to women can be effective in changing beliefs and behaviour. Tailored interventions are necessary to overcome relapsing of specific barriers. Emphasis should be given on the importance of doctor/nurse role in breast screening.

  9. Turismo de reuniones en la ciudad de Murcia. Un enfoque desde el tejido empresarial involucrado

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    María Dolores Ponce Sánchez

    2007-01-01

    La importancia y dinamismo del turismo de reuniones en el contexto nacional e internacional nos conduce a analizar la capacidad de la ciudad de Murcia para afrontar los retos continuos que le presenta...

  10. Cancer megafunds with in silico and in vitro validation: Accelerating cancer drug discovery via financial engineering without financial crisis

    KAUST Repository

    Yang, Xianjin

    2016-06-03

    Advances in financial engineering are radically reshaping the biomedical marketplace. For instance, new methods of pooling diversified drug development programs by placing them in a special purpose vehicle (SPV) have been proposed to create a securitized cancer megafund allowing for debt and equity participation. In this study, we perform theoretical and numerical simulations that highlight the role of empirical validation of the projects comprising a cancer megafund. We quantify the degree to which the deliberately designed structure of derivatives and investments is key to its liquidity. Research megafunds with comprehensive in silico and laboratory validation protocols and ability to issue both debt, and equity as well as hybrid financial products may enable conservative investors including pension funds and sovereign government funds to profit from unique securitization opportunities. Thus, while hedging investor\\'s longevity risk, such well-validated megafunds will contribute to health, well being and longevity of the global population.

  11. Cancer megafunds with in silico and in vitro validation: accelerating cancer drug discovery via financial engineering without financial crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xianjin; Debonneuil, Edouard; Zhavoronkov, Alex; Mishra, Bud

    2016-09-06

    Advances in financial engineering are radically reshaping the biomedical marketplace. For instance, new methods of pooling diversified drug development programs by placing them in a special purpose vehicle (SPV) have been proposed to create a securitized cancer megafund allowing for debt and equity participation. In this study, we perform theoretical and numerical simulations that highlight the role of empirical validation of the projects comprising a cancer megafund. We quantify the degree to which the deliberately designed structure of derivatives and investments is key to its liquidity. Research megafunds with comprehensive in silico and laboratory validation protocols and ability to issue both debt, and equity as well as hybrid financial products may enable conservative investors including pension funds and sovereign government funds to profit from unique securitization opportunities. Thus, while hedging investor's longevity risk, such well-validated megafunds will contribute to health, well being and longevity of the global population.

  12. Origins of Tropospheric Ozone Interannual Variation (IAV) over Reunion: A Model Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Junhua; Rodriguez, Jose M.; Thompson, Anne M.; Logan, Jennifer A.; Douglass, Anne R.; Olsen, Mark A.; Steenrod, Stephen D.; Posny, Francoise

    2016-01-01

    Observations from long-term ozonesonde measurements show robust variations and trends in the evolution of ozone in the middle and upper troposphere over Reunion Island (21.1 degrees South Latitude, 55.5 degrees East Longitude) in June-August. Here we examine possible causes of the observed ozone variation at Reunion Island using hindcast simulations by the stratosphere-troposphere Global Modeling Initiative chemical transport model for 1992-2014, driven by assimilated Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) meteorological fields. Reunion Island is at the edge of the subtropical jet, a region of strong stratospheric-tropospheric exchange. Our analysis implies that the large interannual variation (IAV) of upper tropospheric ozone over Reunion is driven by the large IAV of the stratospheric influence. The IAV of the large-scale, quasi-horizontal wind patterns also contributes to the IAV of ozone in the upper troposphere. Comparison to a simulation with constant emissions indicates that increasing emissions do not lead to the maximum trend in the middle and upper troposphere over Reunion during austral winter implied by the sonde data. The effects of increasing emission over southern Africa are limited tothe lower troposphere near the surface in August-September.

  13. Euro crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokopijević Miroslav

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It is argued the current eurozone crisis is neither new nor surprising. Fiscal discipline in the eurozone was weak from its creation in 1999, but ongoing economic prosperity limited the damage. Economic recession deepened the impact of crisis on public finance and pushed some eurozone countries to the edge of bankruptcy. Options available now are costly and painful: foreign bailouts, cuts to expenditures, higher revenues and some combination of the three. They may be conducted both inside and outside the eurozone. If eurozone problems are not solved, financial markets may turn down the euro as a currency, possibly marking the beginning of Euro-disintegration.

  14. Gestión de Reuniones en los Equipos de Mejora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Puig-Bernabeu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available  Al implantar un sistema de mejora continua en cualquier empresa, uno de los pasos importantes es la creación de Equipos de Mejora. Estos equipos deben realizar reuniones periódicas para tratar de resolver los problemas que surgen a diario, o mejorar sus procedimientos y métodos de trabajo. La gestión de estas reuniones es uno de los problemas por los que fracasa la implantación de la mejora continua. En este documento se indica algunos de los errores que suelen cometerse y que producen un resultado nefasto en la consecución del objetivo de un equipo de mejora. Además, se dan unas pautas de comportamiento a seguir por todos los integrantes del equipo antes y durante el transcurso de las reuniones, con tal de alcanzar unos resultados satisfactorios. 

  15. family reunion family reunion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Gerlarch

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available What happened to the kamikaze pilots the split second before impact, Reggie wondered to himself as he sat on the toilet contemplating two, white fleshy wrists and a shiny new razor blade held delicately between the thumb and forefinger of his right hand. Did they shit themselves? Reggie had shitted himself once - when he was ill and not in proper control. "I'm not in proper control of myself," Reggie explained, quite candidly as the doctor had asked him to. The doctor agreed. What happened to the kamikaze pilots the split second before impact, Reggie wondered to himself as he sat on the toilet contemplating two, white fleshy wrists and a shiny new razor blade held delicately between the thumb and forefinger of his right hand. Did they shit themselves? Reggie had shitted himself once - when he was ill and not in proper control. "I'm not in proper control of myself," Reggie explained, quite candidly as the doctor had asked him to. The doctor agreed.

  16. Crisis meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      To all CERN staff: your rights are at risk ! We invite you to come to a crisis meeting on Wednesday 2nd April at 10:30 a.m., Auditorium, Main Building, Meyrin site. Your presence is crucial, we are ALL concerned !

  17. Crisis meeting

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

    To all CERN staff: your rights are at risk! We invite you to come to a crisis meeting on Thursday 7th May 2015 at 9 a.m., Auditorium, Main Building, Meyrin site. Your presence is crucial, we are ALL concerned!

  18. Hypertensive crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Maria Alexandra; Kumar, Siva K; De Caro, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Hypertension is a common chronic medical condition affecting over 65 million Americans. Uncontrolled hypertension can progress to a hypertensive crisis defined as a systolic blood pressure >180 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure >120 mm Hg. Hypertensive crisis can be further classified as a hypertensive urgency or hypertensive emergency depending on end-organ involvement including cardiac, renal, and neurologic injury. The prompt recognition of a hypertensive emergency with the appropriate diagnostic tests and triage will lead to the adequate reduction of blood pressure, ameliorating the incidence of fatal outcomes. Severely hypertensive patients with acute end-organ damage (hypertensive emergencies) warrant admission to an intensive care unit for immediate reduction of blood pressure with a short-acting titratable intravenous antihypertensive medication. Hypertensive urgencies (severe hypertension with no or minimal end-organ damage) may in general be treated with oral antihypertensives as an outpatient. Rapid and short-lived intravenous medications commonly used are labetalol, esmolol, fenoldopam, nicardipine, sodium nitroprusside, and clevidipine. Medications such as hydralazine, immediate release nifedipine, and nitroglycerin should be avoided. Sodium nitroprusside should be used with caution because of its toxicity. The risk factors and prognosticators of a hypertensive crisis are still under recognized. Physicians should perform complete evaluations in patients who present with a hypertensive crisis to effectively reverse, intervene, and correct the underlying trigger, as well as improve long-term outcomes after the episode.

  19. Crisi internazionale e crisi nazionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Ferrari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the situation of Italy in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis. It is in particular stressed that Italy was already in a critical position before 2007-2008, mainly due to insufficient economic growth. The main reason for the country's low performance is identified in the insufficient expenditure on research and development, which caused innovation to slow down.   JEL Codes: O31, G01, O40Keywords: Italy, growth, crisis, innovation

  20. Limitaciones y potencialidades de Tandil como ciudad sede de congresos y reuniones afines

    OpenAIRE

    Montero, Pablo Nicolás

    2007-01-01

    La presente investigación plantea un estudio de evaluación de la oferta para congresos y reuniones destinado a valorar las condiciones actuales en cuanto a infraestructura, equipamientos y facilidades, identificando fortalezas, debilidades, oportunidades y amenazas teniendo como punto de referencia las necesidades predominantes en el mercado de reuniones. La investigación está basada en un razonamiento analítico. Este análisis permite diagnosticar la situación actual de dicha oferta e identif...

  1. Nivolumab induced myxedema crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Uqba; Rizvi, Humaira; Sano, Dahlia; Chiu, Jane; Hadid, Tarik

    2017-01-01

    Nivolumab is an anti-programmed cell death (anti-PD-1) monoclonal antibody that is approved by Food and Drug Administration for treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, metastatic melanoma, relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma and advanced renal cell cancer. We report a rare case of myxedema crisis induced by nivolumab in a patient with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of lung. Fifty three-year old woman with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma currently on treatment with nivolumab presented with diffuse facial and tongue swelling, slurred speech, depressed mentation, fatigue and weakness. Initial evaluation revealed severe hypothyroidism with thyroid stimulating hormone of 237 micro Unit/mL (Normal Reference range: 0.27-4.20 micro unit/mL) and undetectable free T4. Patient was diagnosed with nivolumab induced myxedema crisis. She was treated successfully with levothyroxine with complete resolution of her symptoms. Nivolumab was safely restarted once the symptoms of myxedema resolved. Nivolumab can cause immune-mediated endocrinopathies including thyroiditis, hypophysitis, adrenal insufficiency and type 1 diabetes mellitus. High index of suspicion and periodic measurement of thyroid function tests are recommended in patients receiving nivolumab therapy. Our case also suggests that once the myxedema crisis is treated and symptoms are resolved, nivolumab can be safely re-challenged.

  2. HYPERCALCEMIC CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. Kalinin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the peculiarities of history, clinic, presurgical preparation, surgical intervention, and postoperative period in patients with hypercalcemic crisis caused by primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT. During 2000-2013, 5 of 214 patients with PHPT who developed hypercalcemic crisis were operated on. In 3 of them, histological analysis verified parathyroid adenoma, in 1 – parathyroid hyperplasia, and in 1 – parathyroid carcinoma. In 4 of 5 patients, PHPT was first revealed against the background of hypercalcemic crisis. In one female patient, PHPT was found “against the background” of 25-26-week pregnancy. Due to abdominal symptoms (abdominal pain, vomiting characteristic of the hypercalcemic crisis, she underwent abdominal cavity revision in the Central Municipal Hospital. PHPT was diagnosed later, in the MONIKI Department of Abdominal Surgery. In the other female patient who was observed at the place of her residence for arthritis, the level of parathyroid hormone (PTH before surgery reached 6490 pg/ml, and calcium – 3.75 mol/L. In the postoperative period, she developed not only acute renal but also adrenal failure. In one patient with known PHPT and not very high calcium and PTH levels, hypercalcemic crisis developed against the background of abdominal surgery. This female patient was operated on in two days after the first operation because she was in coma due to developed hypercalcemic crisis. Two more female patients were admitted to the clinic of endocrine surgery in severe condition. In one of them, PHPT was mistaken for rheumatoid arthritis or myeloid disease for several years, in the other, polyuria of unclear genesis was noted. In 4 of these 5 patients, in the nearest postoperative period, marked electrolytic disturbances developed (decreased levels of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium as well as an acute renal failure, polyorganic insufficiency, and syndrome of disseminated intravascular blood

  3. Information Crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Losavio, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Information Crisis discusses the scope and types of information available online and teaches readers how to critically assess it and analyze potentially dangerous information, especially when teachers, editors, or other information gatekeepers are not available to assess the information for them. Chapters and topics include:. The Internet as an information tool. Critical analysis. Legal issues, traps, and tricks. Protecting personal safety and identity. Types of online information.

  4. El turismo MICE : análisis del turismo de reuniones en la ciudad de Cartagena

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Morillo-Velarde, María

    2016-01-01

    Delimitar la relevancia del turismo MICE, conceptualizar los distintos tipos de reuniones que tienen lugar y analizar la situación y perspectivas del turismo de congresos en Cartagena. Facultad de Ciencias de la Empresa Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena

  5. Efficiency in milk production on Reunion Island: Dealing with land scarcity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haese, D' M.F.C.; Speelman, S.; Alary, V.; Tillard, E.; Haese, D' L.

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to analyze efficiency on dairy farms in Reunion Island, a French overseas district located in the Indian Ocean. On this island, dairy farming is promoted with financial and technical support from the European Union, with the French and local governments aiming at reducing dependency

  6. The role of crisis in family crisis intervention: do crisis experience and crisis change matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Al, C.M.W.; Stams, G.J.J.M.; van der Laan, P.H.; Asscher, J.J.

    2011-01-01

    Evaluation studies of crisis intervention have focused on prevention of out-of-home placement of children or family functioning, but largely neglected the aspect of crisis. The present study examined crisis in 183 families receiving Family Crisis Intervention (FCI), addressing crisis characteristics

  7. Les individus face à l’événement « cancer » Individuals facing cancer : an acute crisis becoming chronical within the family and the workplace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lionel Pourtau

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Notre analyse porte sur les effets du cancer sur les temporalités collectives que sont la vie familiale et le travail. Cette pathologie a toujours engendré une crise biographique au moment de son apparition. Cependant sa chronicisation, produit de l’évolution de la cancérologie ces quarante dernières années, a modifié les effets sociaux qu’elle engendre. À part quelques cancers comme celui de l’œsophage, du foie ou du pancréas, le cancer n’est plus une maladie aiguë induisant une forte mortalité à court terme. Cependant, des traitements à l’issue incertaine peuvent souvent durer des années et se montrer handicapants et stigmatisants. Les temporalités collectives, partagées entre les malades et leur entourage, se disloquent, entraînant des disjonctions temporelles et l’isolement social du malade. La dimension écliptique de la maladie, avec ses rémissions et ses rechutes, engendre des répétitions de la crise biographique.In this article, we present arguments on the impact of cancer on the collective experience of time within two main social institutions, family and the workplace. This disease always provokes a biographic crisis when it appears. Nevertheless, as medical technology progresses, cancer is becoming a chronic disease, and the social effects of cancer are changing. It is no longer the same disease with a short-term risk of death. Treatments can last for years with uncertain results and induce handicap or social stigma. The collective experiences of time, shared between the sick person and her family and friends, tend to break up, entailing time breaks and leading to the social isolation of the patient. The ecliptic dimension of the disease, with its remissions and relapses, gives rise to repeated biographic crisis.

  8. Reunion behavior after social separation is associated with enhanced HPA recovery in young marmoset monkeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Jack H; Mustoe, Aaryn C; Hochfelder, Benjamin; French, Jeffrey A

    2015-07-01

    The relationships that offspring develop with caregivers can exert a powerful influence on behavior and physiology, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In many mammalian species, offspring-caregiver relationships are largely limited to interactions with mother. Marmoset monkeys receive care in early life from multiple classes of caregivers in addition to the mother, including fathers and siblings. We evaluated whether affiliative social interactions with family members in marmosets were associated with differences in cortisol reactivity to a short-term social separation stressor, and whether these variations in affiliative interactions upon reunion predicted how well marmosets subsequently regulated HPA axis function after cessation of the stressor. Marmosets were separated from the family for 8h at three developmental time points (6-, 12-, and 18-months of age), and interactions of the separated marmoset with the family group were recorded during reunion. Urinary cortisol was measured prior to social separation, every 2h during the separation, and on the morning after separation. Heightened cortisol reactivity during social separation did not predict affiliative social behavior upon reunion but higher rates of grooming and play behavior predicted enhanced HPA regulation. Marmosets with higher rates of grooming and play with family members upon reunion had post-stress cortisol levels closer to preseparation baseline than marmosets with lower rates of affiliative reunion behavior. Combined with previous research showing the early programming effects of social interactions with caregivers, as well as the buffering effect of a close social partner during stress, the current study highlights the high degree of behavioral and HPA adaptability to social stressors across development in marmoset monkeys. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Prevention or cure in times of crisis: the case of screening for colorectal cancer Prevenir o curar en época de crisis: a propósito del cribado de cáncer de colon y recto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Carballo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Colorectal cancer is a serious health problem in which screening is capable of reducing both the mortality and the incidence of the disorder. Colonoscopy, the mainstay of this type of screening, allows to establish an early diagnosis and also to eliminate malignant precursor lesions. The screening test which is performed in Spanish programs is the determination of fecal occult blood using the immunochemical method which gives around 70% of positive values for colonoscopy for any type of neoplasia. As a result, in 2009 the National Health System set as an objective that these programs cover 50% of the population by 2015. It is well known that colon screening is highly cost effective with a ratio of around 2500€ per QALY, much lower than ratios of other programs. Only the direct costs of colon and rectal cancer in Spain can be estimated at more than one thousand million euros per year. Early diagnosis and the cancers avoided thanks to screening can reduce these costs by 40%. The impact that the introduction of this screening has on health services can be lessened if the indications for colonoscopy are followed adequately. In conclusion, there is no justification for not acting to prevent CRC and this is especially so in times of crisis as there is no better social cost invested than that which saves suffering, deaths and even money.El cáncer colorrectal es un grave problema de salud en el que el cribado es capaz de reducir su mortalidad e incidencia. La colonoscopia, acto central de este tipo de cribado, permite tanto el diagnóstico precoz como la eliminación de los precursores malignos que son los adenomas. La prueba de cribado que se realiza en los programas españoles es la determinación de sangre oculta en heces por método inmunoquímico con lo que se consiguen valores predictivos positivos para la colonoscopia para cualquier tipo de neoplasia cercanos al 70%. Por todo ello, en 2009, el Sistema Nacional de Salud estableció el objetivo

  10. Crisi internazionale e crisi nazionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Ferrari

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the situation of Italy in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis. It is in particular stressed that Italy was already in a critical position before 2007-2008, mainly due to insufficient economic growth. The main reason for the country's low performance is identified in the insufficient expenditure on research and development, which caused innovation to slow down.

  11. Crisis Communication Online

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Utz, Sonja; Schultz, Friederike; Glocka, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    Social media play in today's societies a fundamental role for the negotiation and dynamics of crises. However, classical crisis communication theories neglect the role of the medium and focus mainly on the interplay between crisis type and crisis communication strategy. Building on the recently...... developed “networked crisis communication model” we contrast effects of medium (Facebook vs. Twitter vs. online newspaper) and crisis type (intentional vs. victim) in an online experiment. Using the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster as crisis scenario, we show that medium effects are stronger than...... the effects of crisis type. Crisis communication via social media resulted in a higher reputation and less secondary crisis reactions such as boycotting the company than crisis communication in the newspaper. However, secondary crisis communication, e.g. talking about the crisis communication, was higher...

  12. Overpopulation crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, C; Russell Wms

    1984-01-01

    This article reviews field research on the violent response on the part of animals to conditions of crowding. Monkey species in zoos have consistently been noted to be more quarrelsome and violent than their counterparts in the wild. Up to a certain critical population density various animal species form cooperative social units; however, a surplus population upsets this balance. In addition, under conditions of intense crowding, mammal's care and protection of the young is transformed into indifference, neglect, competition, domination, and ultimately murder. The reversal of social behavior under crowded conditions can be understood as a means of response to a population crisis, in which population is in danger of outrunning resources. In the absence of confinement, tensions among monkeys lead to war between bands. A community weakened by crowding also is more likely to succumb to certain stress diseases and to have less resilience against parasites. Under various special conditions, tolerance may evolve to permit temporary compression without violence; on the other hand, when a violent response is suppressed, the response tends to be explosive when it does occur. If population reduction is delayed too long, the result may be violence, famine, and permanent damage to the environment from overgrazing. In human society there has generally been a lag in the full development of the violent response to crowding. Given the power of modern military technology, it is imperative that human populations avert a population crisis response by substituting voluntary fertility control for involuntary mortality control.

  13. [Crisis and crisis intervention in modern psychiatry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciompi, L

    1977-07-02

    After discussion of the definition, concept and theory of psychic crisis, the modern techniques of crisis intervention are presented in the light of the literature and the author's personal experience, illustrated by case histories. Finally, the organizational place of crisis intervention in a modern psychiatric care system is discussed, with emphasis on the advantage of using socio-psychiatric half-way institutions for rehabilitation between hospital and ambulatory services for crisis intervention as well.

  14. Diagnóstico estructural de la cadena de valor del turismo de reuniones en La Plata

    OpenAIRE

    Lauman, María Victoria

    2015-01-01

    En el transcurso de la obra se realiza un estudio y una evaluación sobre el estado actual en que se encuentran cada uno de los componentes de la cadena de valor de la cual depende el turismo de reuniones en la ciudad de La Plata, para tomar conocimiento de la oferta turística de reuniones existente en la ciudad y poder contribuir a su mejora. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas

  15. Interaction between the nascent Reunion hotspot and the dying Mascarene spreading centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissessur, P. D.; Dyment, J.; Deplus, C.; Patriat, P.

    2010-12-01

    The Reunion hotspot is one of the best examples of a classical mantle plume which reached the lithosphere and formed continental flood basalt, the Deccan trapps, around 65 Ma, and then made an almost continuous trail as the Indian and African plates moved northward, building the Laccadives, Maldives, and Chagos Ridges between 60 Ma and 35 Ma on the fast Indian plate, then the Nazareth Bank after 35 Ma, Mauritius Island between 10 Ma and 8 Ma, and La Reunion Island since 2 Ma on the slower African plate (e.g. Duncan, 1988). Conversely, the Mascarene Basin is characterized by conjugate magnetic anomalies 34 to 27 separated by an extinct spreading centre. Seafloor spreading was therefore active between about 85 Ma, when Africa (including Madagascar) and India (including Seychelles) separated, up to 59 Ma, when the Carlsberg Ridge was fully open between Africa (including Madagascar and Seychelles) and India. The coincidence between the inception of the Reunion hotspot in the Indian lithosphere and the transfer of seafloor spreading from the Mascarene basin to the Carlsberg Ridge suggests that the latter is a consequence of the former. Recent cruises, including cruise Forever of R/V L’Atalante in 2006, have focused on the south-eastern part of the basin, around Reunion Island. Swath bathymetric data and dredges have revealed that the five gravity undulations located south of Reunion Island toward the fossil ridge are volcanic ridges lying on oceanic lithosphere dated 68-64 Ma by magnetic anomalies 30 and 29. The satellite gravity data reveal possible other similar undulations further south, on the north-eastern flank of a fossil spreading centre dated by anomaly 28 (64-62 Ma). Conversely, no such undulation is observed on the intermediate area, where a more recent fossil spreading centre is dated by anomaly 27 (62-60 Ma). If validated by future swath bathymetric data, this observation means that the volcanic ridges were built before anomaly 27, possibly between 65 Ma

  16. Measuring recreational fishers' social acceptance of the natural marine reserve of reunion island

    OpenAIRE

    Thomassin, A.; David, Gilbert; Duchene, J; Bissery, C.

    2011-01-01

    Social acceptance is a key component of successfully establishing a marine protected area (MPA). Therefore, when the natural marine reserve (NMR) in Reunion Island was created in 2007, managers asked social scientists to assist them in monitoring and assessing social acceptance. This article presents the socioeconomic baselines and synthetic measures of recreational fishers' social acceptance. Recreational boat fishers' perceptions toward the NMR, current strategies, and territorial stakes we...

  17. Ability of tropical forest soils of French Guiana and Reunion to depollute woods impregnated with biocides

    OpenAIRE

    Zaremski, Alba; Gastonguay, Louis; Zaremski, Clara; Chaffanel, Fanny; Le Floch, Gaetan; Beauchêne, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    Our study sought to fine-tune knowledge about those microorganisms, particularly wood-decaying fungi degrading pollutants in situ. With a view to the depollution or bioremediation of treated woods, wood-decaying microorganisms from tropical forest soils in French Guiana and the island of Reunion were assessed for their ability to degrade toxic biocides such as pentachlorophenol (PCP) or copper chromium arsenic compounds (CCA). The degradation of red pine (Pinus resinosa) test pieces was monit...

  18. Wild fauna as a carrier of Salmonella in Reunion Island: Impact on pig farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tessier, Claire; Parama Atiana, Laura; Lagadec, Erwan; Le Minter, Gildas; Denis, Martine; Cardinale, Eric

    2016-06-01

    Salmonellosis is an economic burden to the livestock industry in Reunion Island. In this study, we wanted to improve our understanding of Salmonella epidemiology by studying the wild fauna of Reunion Island. We assessed Salmonella diversity in small non-flying mammals, birds and cockroaches in order to evaluate their potential role in the epidemiology of Salmonella. A total of 268 samples were collected from cockroaches, small mammals and birds. The bacteriological analyses revealed that 11.7% of non-flying mammals and 25% of cockroaches tested were Salmonella infected; two wild bird species were also detected positive. The 128 Salmonella isolates were distributed in fifteen serotypes and the most predominant were S. 4,[5],12:i:- (21.9% of positive samples) followed by S. Enteritidis (15.6%), S. Typhimurium (15.6%), S. Infantis (12.5%) and S. Weltevreden (12.5%). A total of 27 XbaI profiles were identified using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Comparison of these Salmonella strains with our collection of Salmonella isolated from pigs and pig farm environments at the same period revealed 14 strains in common between wild fauna and pigs, especially for cockroaches. Our results suggest that wild fauna of Reunion Island could be infected by strains of Salmonella also isolated from pigs or pig environment. They may play a role in both persistence and spreading of Salmonella and therefore, could be a source of infection in pig farms. Pest control against cockroaches could be a helpful tool in the reduction of Salmonella infection of pigs, limiting contacts between wild fauna and both pigs and pig environment. Special attention should be paid to S. 4,[5],12:i:- since it was predominant in Reunion Island's wild fauna and pigs and was the third most frequently reported serotype in human salmonellosis in Europe. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Hypertension crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadopoulos, Dimitris P; Mourouzis, Iordanis; Thomopoulos, Costas; Makris, Thomas; Papademetriou, Vasilios

    2010-12-01

    Hypertensive crises (76% urgencies, 24% emergencies) represented more than one fourth of all medical urgencies/emergencies. Hypertensive urgencies frequently present with headache (22%), epistaxis (17%), faintness, and psychomotor agitation (10%) and hypertensive emergencies frequently present with chest pain (27%), dyspnea (22%) and neurological deficit (21%). Types of end-organ damage associated with hypertensive emergencies include cerebral infarction (24%), acute pulmonary edema (23%) and hypertensive encephalopathy (16%), as well as cerebral hemorrhage (4.5%). The most important factor that limits morbidity and mortality from these disorders is prompt and carefully considered therapy. Unfortunately, hypertensive emergencies and urgencies are among the most misunderstood and mismanaged of acute medical problems seen today. The primary goal of intervention in a hypertensive crisis is to safely reduce BP. Immediate reduction in BP is required only in patients with acute end-organ damage (i.e. hypertensive emergency). This requires treatment with a titratable short-acting intravenous (IV) antihypertensive agent, while severe hypertension with no acute end-organ damage is usually treated with oral antihypertensive agents. Patients with hypertensive emergencies are best treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) with titratable IV hypotensive agents. The aim of this review is to summarize the details regarding the definition-impact, causes, clinical condition and management of hypertensive crises.

  20. Sickle Cell Crisis (For Teens)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Plan Hot Topics Flu Facts Arrhythmias Abuse Sickle Cell Crisis (Pain Crisis) KidsHealth > For Teens > Sickle Cell ... drepanocíticas (Crisis de dolor) What Is a Sickle Cell Crisis? Sickle cell disease changes the shape of ...

  1. Management by Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, Jim

    1977-01-01

    Compares the common but unsuccessful management method of "management by crisis" to the principles and results of sound management practice, in an attempt to enable crisis managers to recognize and overcome their mistakes. (Author/JG)

  2. Crisis Intervention in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purvis, J. R.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Provides information and specific checklists for understanding and implementing classroom crisis intervention. Includes (1) definition of a crisis; (2) development of a crisis plan; (3) phases of a crisis; and (4) steps in crisis intervention. Stresses the role of the teacher in recognizing and intervening in a crisis. (KS)

  3. Crisis Management: Research Summaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Dorman, Sally; Anderson, Luke; McNair, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    This article presents summaries of three studies relevant to school crisis response. The first report, "A Framework for International Crisis Intervention" (Sally Dorman), is a review of how existing crisis intervention models (including the NASP PREPaRE model) have been adapted for international use. The second article, "Responding…

  4. Morphosedimentary evolution of carbonate sandy beaches at decadal scale : case study in Reunion Island , Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahabot, Marie-Myriam; Pennober, Gwenaelle; Suanez, Serge; Troadec, Roland; Delacourt, Christophe

    2017-04-01

    Global change introduce a lot of uncertainties concerning future trajectory of beaches by directly or indirectly modifying major driving factors. An improved understanding of the past shoreline evolution may help for anticipate future coastline response. However, in tropical environment, studies concerning carbonate beaches dynamics are scarce compared to open sandy beaches. Consequently, coral reef protected beaches morphological adjustment is still poorly understood and long-term evolution rate are poorly quantified in these specific environment. In this context, La Reunion Island, insular department of France located in Indian Ocean, constitute a favoured laboratory. This high volcanic island possesses 25 km of carbonate beaches which experience hydrodynamic forcing specific from tropical environment: cyclonic swell during summer and long period swell during winter. Because of degraded coral reef health and high anthropogenic pressure, 50% of the beaches are in erosion since 1970s. Beach survey has been conducted since 1990s by scientist and are now encompassed as pilot site within a French observatory network which guarantee long-term survey with high resolution observational techniques. Thus, La Reunion Island is one of the rare carbonate beach to be surveyed since 20 years. This study aims to examined and quantify beach response at decadal scale on carbonate sandy beaches of Reunion Island. The study focus on 12 km of beaches from Cap Champagne to the Passe de Trois-Bassins. The analyze of 15 beach profile data originated from historical and DGPS beach topographic data confirm long term trend to erosion. Sediment lost varies between 0.5 and 2 m3.yr-1 since 1998. However longshore current have led to accretion of some part of beach compartment with rate of 0.7 to 1.6 m3.yr-1. Wave climate was examined from in-situ measurement over 15 years and show that extreme waves associated with tropical cyclones and long period swell play a major role in beach dynamics

  5. Las administraciones ante el turismo de reuniones y congresos en Murcia

    OpenAIRE

    Ma Dolores Ponce Sánchez

    2006-01-01

    La consolidación del turismo de reuniones en la ciudad de Murcia, en un contexto de fuerte competencia, nos conduce a refl exionar sobre su capacidad competitiva en relación a una red urbana de ámbito nacional. El estudio muestra la evolución experimentada por los parámetros cuantitativos básicos y la opinión y pretensiones que tienen a cerca de este producto turístico los principales agentes del sector. Perspectiva imprescindible para establecer relaciones de cooperación y diá...

  6. Turismo de reuniones en la ciudad de Murcia. Un enfoque desde el tejido empresarial involucrado

    OpenAIRE

    María Dolores Ponce Sánchez

    2007-01-01

    La importancia y dinamismo del turismo de reuniones en el contexto nacional e internacional nos conduce a analizar la capacidad de la ciudad de Murcia para afrontar los retos continuos que le presenta un mercado tan globalizado y competitivo como el actual. Por tanto, esta investigación presenta una aproximación a la situación de la actividad en la ciudad, desde la visión particular de sus beneficiarios directos, empresarios asociados a Murcia Convention Bureau (Oficina de Cong...

  7. Surveillance and control of rabies in La Reunion, Mayotte, and Madagascar

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Mayotte and La Reunion islands are currently free of animal rabies and surveillance is performed by the French Human and Veterinary Public Health Services. However, dog rabies is still enzootic in Madagascar with 4 to 10 confirmed human cases each year. The number of antirabies medical centres in Madagascar is still scarce to provide easy access to the local population for post-exposure rabies prophylaxis. Furthermore, stray dog populations are considerable and attempts to control rabies by mass campaigns of dog vaccination have not received sufficient attention from the national health authorities. To address these challenges, an expanded program to control rabies needs to be initiated by the Malagasy authorities. PMID:24016204

  8. [The concept of emerging viral diseases: what risk for Reunion Island?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peton, M; Vilain, P; Reilhes, O; Cardinale, E; Gaüzère, B A; Filleul, L

    2013-08-01

    In Reunion Island, the risk of emerging infectious diseases lies mainly in several viral zoonoses: West Nile fever, Sindbis virus, Nipah virus, Wesselsbron virus, Rift Valley fever and Japanese encephalitis. There morbidity and consequences are more or less important but they all have a non-negligible epidemic potential, so they have to be monitored. Indeed, the struggle against these emerging infectious diseases requires an early detection of the cases, thus a surveillance system capable of detecting them as early as possible, thanks to a real international network of information, warning and prevention.

  9. Maternal signature whistle use aids mother-calf reunions in a bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Stephanie L; Guarino, Emily; Keaton, Loriel; Erb, Linda; Jaakkola, Kelly

    2016-05-01

    Individual vocal signatures play an important role in parent-offspring recognition in many animals. One species that uses signature calls to accurately facilitate individual recognition is the bottlenose dolphin. Female dolphins and their calves will use their highly individualised signature whistles to identify and maintain contact with one another. Previous studies have shown high signature whistle rates of both mothers and calves during forced separations. In more natural settings, it appears that the calf vocalises more frequently to initiate reunions with its mother. However, little is known about the mechanisms a female dolphin may employ when there is strong motivation for her to reunite with her calf. In this study, we conducted a series of experimental trials in which we asked a female dolphin to retrieve either her wandering calf or a series of inanimate objects (control). Our results show that she used her vocal signature to actively recruit her calf, and produced no such signal when asked to retrieve the objects. This is the first study to clearly manipulate a dolphin's motivation to retrieve her calf with experimental controls. The results highlight that signature whistles are not only used in broadcasting individual identity, but that maternal signature whistle use is important in facilitating mother-calf reunions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Learning Crisis Unit through Post-Crisis: Characteristics and Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chebbi, Hela; Pündrich, Aline Pereira

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to identify the characteristics that a crisis unit should have to achieve effective learning after crisis. Literature has identified many relations between learning organizations and crisis; yet, there is a dearth of research on specific studies about crisis units and their post-crisis learning features. Thus, this paper…

  11. The use of multilevel models to evaluate sources of variation in reproductive performance in dairy cattle in Reunion Island

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dohoo, I.R.; Tillard, E.; Stryhn, H.

    2001-01-01

    Sources of variation in measures of reproductive performance in dairy cattle were evaluated using data collected from 3207 lactations in 1570 cows in 50 herds from five geographic regions of Reunion Island (located off the cast coast of Madagascar). Three continuously distributed reproductive...

  12. Newly-diagnosed epileptic seizures in three populations: Geneva (EPIGEN), Martinique (EPIMART), and the Reunion Island (EPIREUN).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhalla, Devender; Preux, Pierre-Marie; Mignard, Claude; Smadja, Didier; Tchalla, Achille Edem; Marin, Benoît; Jallon, Pierre

    2013-09-01

    The objective was to analyse and discuss data from three studies of newly-diagnosed epileptic seizures (provoked and unprovoked) conducted in Geneva, Martinique, and the Reunion Island, in which the same methodology was used. We extracted data from three studies in which the incidence of seizures was estimated and aetiologies identified. Data was extracted and analysed using STATA. Group comparison was performed firstly for each study as a single group, and secondly by considering Martinique and the Reunion Island as an overseas group, in comparison with Geneva, considered as a mainland group. Uncorrected χ(2)was used and statistical significance (two-sided, p=0.05) was determined for each aetiology per cohort. RESULTSThe incidence of newly-diagnosed epileptic seizures per 100,000 was 71.0, 80.6, and 100.4 in Geneva, Martinique, and the Reunion Island, respectively. A bimodal distribution and predominance of generalised seizures was noted. The male to female ratio was higher in Martinique (∼2.0) than other populations (∼1.5). Status epilepticus was noted in Geneva and more so in the Reunion Island. The incidence of provoked seizures per 100,000 was 25.2, 16.4, and 17.7, and for unprovoked seizures was 45.6, 64.1, and 81.2 in Geneva, Martinique, and the Reunion Island, respectively. There was a greater risk of provoked seizures in Geneva relative to the overseas group, which was due to tumours, use of toxic substances, and drug abuse. The risk of unprovoked seizures in Geneva was due to trauma and infections. In Martinique, alcoholism and HIV were foremost factors for provoked and unprovoked seizures, and stroke was an important aetiology in both Martinique (provoked seizures) and the Reunion Island (unprovoked seizures). The risk of provoked seizures was greatest in Geneva and risk of unprovoked seizures was greatest in the Reunion Island. Toxic substances, alcohol, infection, and trauma constituted major factors for epileptic seizures in Geneva, while

  13. Family Reunion

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-11-01

    This podcast gives action steps and reasons to control diabetes, with a focus on African Americans.  Created: 11/1/2007 by National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.   Date Released: 11/3/2007.

  14. Health impact assessment of cyclone Bejisa in Reunion Island (France) using syndromic surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilain, Pascal; Pagès, Frédéric; Combes, Xavier; Marianne Dit Cassou, Pierre-Jean; Mougin-Damour, Katia; Jacques-Antoine, Yves; Filleul, Laurent

    2015-04-01

    On January 2, 2014, Cyclone Bejisa struck Reunion Island (France). This storm led to major material damages, such as power outages, disturbance of drinking water systems, road closures, and the evacuation of residents. In this context, the Regional Office of French Institute for Public Health Surveillance in Indian Ocean (Cire OI) set up an epidemiological surveillance in order to describe short-term health effects of the cyclone. The assessment of the health impact was based mainly on a syndromic surveillance system, including the activity of all emergency departments (EDs) and the Emergency Medical Service (EMS) of the island. From these data, several health indicators were collected and analyzed daily and weekly. To complete this assessment, all medical charts recorded in the EDs of Reunion Island from January 2, 2014 through January 5, 2014 were reviewed in order to identify visits directly and indirectly related to the cyclone, and to determine mechanisms of injuries. The number of calls to the EMS peaked the day of the cyclone, and the number of ED visits increased markedly over the next two days. At the same time, a significant increase in visits for trauma, burns, and carbon monoxide poisoning was detected in all EDs. Among 1,748 medical records reviewed, eight visits were directly related to the cyclone and 208 were indirectly related. For trauma, the main mechanisms of injury were falls and injuries by machinery or tools during the clean-up and repair works. Due to prolonged power outages, several patients were hospitalized: some to assure continuity of care, others to take care of an exacerbation of a chronic disease. An increase in leptospirosis cases linked to post-cyclone clean-up was observed two weeks after the cyclone. Information based on the syndromic surveillance system allowed the authors to assess rapidly the health impact of Cyclone Bejisa in Reunion Island; however, an underestimation of this impact was still possible. In the near future

  15. Redes sociales y crisis alimentarias: el caso de la carne roja y sus efectos cancerígenos según la OMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Francesc Fondevila Gascó

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El impacto de los comentarios en redes sociales con relación a crisis alimentarias es un objeto de estudio reciente, cuyos efectos hay que seguir. En esta investigación se analiza el caso de la carne roja y sus presuntos efectos cancerígenos con el objetivo de determinar el seguimiento en Facebook y Twitter y el carácter de los comentarios (positivos, neutros o negativos. La agencia internacional para la investigación del cáncer (dependiente de la OMS presentó el 26 de octubre de 2015 un informe donde se evaluaba la carcinogenicidad del consumo de carne incluyéndola en el grupo 2A. Esta noticia estuvo presente en las redes sociales, principalmente en Facebook y Twitter, las más utilizadas en España en ese momento. Por ello, se utiliza la metodología cualitativa de análisis de sentimiento en esas redes sociales y las publicaciones relacionadas con la noticia. Se buscaron las publicaciones del 26 de octubre al 26 de noviembre de 2015 y se utilizaron hashtags específicos (“carne roja” y “OMS” para centrar la búsqueda. Las publicaciones se clasificaron en positivas, neutras o negativas. También se valoraron las reacciones de los otros usuarios en cada publicación mediante un análisis estadístico cuantitativo. Se analizaron 391 publicaciones en Twitter y 33 en Facebook. En la primera red social, se encontraron publicaciones en todo el periodo de tiempo acotado; en Facebook, solo en la mitad del tiempo. El 57,6% de las publicaciones de Facebook presentan una intencionalidad neutra, el 27,3% negativa y el 15,1% positiva. En Twitter, 47,6% son neutras, 39,6% negativas y 12,8% positivas. El seguimiento de otros usuarios a las publicaciones estudiadas no fue estadísticamente significativo. La apreciación de los usuarios cambia con el paso del tiempo, pasando de comentarios negativos y neutros a neutros y positivos hasta que solo quedaron información objetiva. También se observa una falta de comunicación entre las entidades

  16. The painful reunion : the remedicalization of homosexuality and the rise of the queer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlert, Lance

    2012-09-01

    This article considers the late 19th-century medical invention of the category of the homosexual in relation to homosexuality's moment of deliverance from medicine in the 1970s, when it was removed as a category of mental aberration in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). With the rise of the AIDS pandemic in gay communities in the early 1980s, I argue that homosexuals were forcibly returned to the medical sphere, a process I call "the painful reunion." Reading a collection of queer narratives across the 20th century, I show that historical and contemporaneous medical events prompted the mobilization of seropositive and queer artists at century's end to rehabilitate, revise, and offend the historiography of queer illness. Collectively, my conclusions redefine our understandings of queer theory and queer politics as distinctively 1990s projects invested in the present to ones that purposefully aim to challenge the past.

  17. Teorías subjetivas de profesores en reuniones de trabajo: un estudio descriptivo-interpretativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella Brighenti Bortoluzzi

    Full Text Available Este estudio es parte de un proyecto de desarrollo de la reflexión colectiva sistemática del profesorado, que cuenta con tres etapas: antes, durante y después de una intervención. Se reporta la fase inicial ("antes", de observación y registro de reuniones de trabajo de profesores de un establecimiento educacional técnico-profesional de La Serena, Chile, durante cuatro meses, con el objetivo de investigar las Teorías Subjetivas que afloran en el quehacer docente, para acceder a cómo se plantean los profesores frente a sus problemas cotidianos y las posibles soluciones a ellos. A través de este análisis, fue posible teorizar sobre la importancia del rol docente y sobre cuáles serían los factores obstaculizadores y facilitadores del desarrollo profesional del profesorado.

  18. Electrical structure of Plaine des Sables caldera, Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Schnegg

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available An Audio Magnetotelluric (AMT profile has been carried out across the Plaine des Sables, a former caldera of the active Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Reunion Island. Located in the Western Indian Ocean, between the Mascarene and Madagascar basins, this basaltic shield volcano originates from the activity of a hot spot. Our aim was to determine the internal structure of the volcano, in particular the shallow electrical properties of an area extending between the old and the new caldera rims. Although several teams had already conducted AMT work in this region a few years ago, there was a need for more a detailed, in depth survey. Our final model displays a noticeable slope of the Plaine des Sables basement oriented toward the present Fournaise summit. This slope is interpreted as resulting from successive landslides toward the ocean. We conclude that this dipping, electrically good conducting layer, probably belongs to the flat layering of an older caldera.

  19. Dalla crisi finanziaria alla crisi reale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLO D’ADDA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis of 2008 is put in relation with two bubbles, financial and housing. Easy credit is at the origin of both bubbles. Risky bonds were issued to mobilize mortgages originated in the housing market, and bad bonds entered a fantastic number of institutional and private portfolios all over the world without any perception of the their risk. Unfortunately, bank credit to speculators was abundant and fed the final growth of the bubbles. When fears started to spread, the fall was immediate and expectations impaired very rapidly. The main aggregate demand components were severely curtailed and production fell as well. This is the crisis of the real economy. Fortunately, as opposed to what happened in 1929, the interventions of central banks and governments have been of an unprecedented size. The bail out of insolvent banks in particular has been providential. The exit from the current crisis, however, will surely be slow.

  20. Therapeutic Crisis Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Martha J.; Powers, Jane Levine

    1993-01-01

    Describes Therapeutic Crisis Intervention (TCI) program as providing staff with skills, knowledge, and confidence to manage child in crisis to bring about a "maximum amount of lasting response." Contends that, by applying principles of TCI training, direct care worker can attain therapeutic control and maintain dignity of both adult and child…

  1. When Crisis Strikes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudle, Melissa

    1994-01-01

    School crises may be categorized as emergency situations, human-made crises, natural events, medical emergencies, and mechanical crises. Central to any successful crisis-management plan are onsite and district-level crisis response teams. Plans should specify staff responsibilities; provide for communication codes, devices, and procedures;…

  2. Hypertensive crisis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandar, Jayanthi; Zilleruelo, Gastón

    2012-05-01

    Hypertensive crisis is rare in children and is usually secondary to an underlying disease. There is strong evidence that the renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in the genesis of hypertensive crisis. An important principle in the management of children with hypertensive crisis is to determine if severe hypertension is chronic, acute, or acute-on-chronic. When it is associated with signs of end-organ damage such as encephalopathy, congestive cardiac failure or renal failure, there is an emergent need to lower blood pressures to 25-30% of the original value and then accomplish a gradual reduction in blood pressure. Precipitous drops in blood pressure can result in impairment of perfusion of vital organs. Medications commonly used to treat hypertensive crisis in children are nicardipine, labetalol and sodium nitroprusside. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis and recent developments in management of hypertensive crisis in children.

  3. Crisis Communication and Management: Surviving a Public Relations Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eramo, Eric M.

    2009-01-01

    Crisis management, or crisis communication, is never a good thing for a business to experience. It is, however, a public relations' professional moment to shine and put their honed skills to good use. A good crisis management plan is not only action during the crisis but preparation and reflection. Hiring a PR firm that deals with crisis…

  4. Husserl's Crisis as a crisis of psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feest, Uljana

    2012-06-01

    This paper places Husserl's mature work, The Crisis of the European Sciences, in the context of his engagement with--and critique of--experimental psychology at the time. I begin by showing (a) that Husserl accorded psychology a crucial role in his philosophy, i.e., that of providing a scientific analysis of subjectivity, and (b) that he viewed contemporary psychology--due to its naturalism--as having failed to pursue this goal in the appropriate manner. I then provide an analysis of Husserl's views about naturalism and scientific philosophy. Some central themes of the Crisis are traced back to Husserl's earlier work and to his relationship with his teacher, Franz Brentano, with whom he disagreed about the status of "inner perception" as the proper scientific method for a phenomenological analysis. The paper then shows that Husserl was well aware of at least one publication about the crisis of psychology (Bühler's 1927 book), and it teases out some aspects of the complicated relationship between Husserl and members of the Würzburg School of thought psychology: The latter had drawn on Husserl's writings, but Husserl felt that they had misunderstood his central thesis. I conclude by placing Husserl's work in the wider context of scientific, cultural, and political crisis-discourses at the time. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Narratives of crisis: identity crisis or crisis of meaning?!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseli Araújo Barros Costa

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is about a review of a broader research on the understanding of the professional development of Mathematics teachers, especially the results of the analysis of one of the selected categories, the projectors and the crisis narratives. This analysis was theoretically supported by Larrosa (2002. To carry out the research, we adopted the qualitative research, with a narrative focus, based on semi-structured interviews about the life history of a teacher who teaches mathematics in Basic Education. Based on a concept of professional development taken from a continuous perspective, idealized in a broader context of teaching work, permeating crises and conflicts, the analysis shows that the teacher's crisis reports are related to factors such as: low salaries, conflicts in her current institution Lack of social prestige and insecurity. His reports reveal that initial training did nothing to address the "new" changes in education. It shows that their lack of enthusiasm is associated with the emptying of the useful meaning of their formation, which results from the overvaluation of their exchange value. However, a crisis narrative can construct the present as a critical moment in the double sense of the word as a decisive moment and, at the same time, as a moment in which the subject critically recovers his own history, appropriates himself critically To find out where it is and to decide its own movement (LARRROSA, 2002. The individual, by critically restoring his history, can rethink the past, think the present, and (reconstruct his own future. The teacher, in her crisis narratives, shows that, by critically recovering her story, by putting out all her "revolt", she opens a "door" that will possibly show a new path to be taken. This seeks new challenges for their professional development

  6. Dalla crisi finanziaria alla crisi reale. ( Financial and real crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'Adda

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available  The financial crisis of 2008 is put in relation with two bubbles, financial and housing. Easy credit is at the origin of both bubbles. Risky bonds were issued to mobilize mortgages originated in the housing market, and bad bonds entered a fantastic number of institutional and private portfolios all over the world without any perception of the their risk. Unfortunately, bank credit to speculators was abundant and fed the final growth of the bubbles. When fears started to spread, the fall was immediate and expectations impaired very rapidly. The main aggregate demand components were severely curtailed and production fell as well. This is the crisis of the real economy. Fortunately, as opposed to what happened in 1929, the interventions of central banks and governments have been of an unprecedented size. The bail out of insolvent banks in particular has been providential. The exit from the current crisis, however, will surely be slow.  JEL: E44, G01, G10

  7. School Crisis Intervention in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    MOTOMURA, Naoyasu

    2009-01-01

    The situation of school crisis intervention in Japan was reviewed in this article. Recently, we have increasing numbers of crimes in schools. Several examples of school crisis intervention were demonstrated. Unfortunately, school crisis intervention is not well organized in Japan. Therefore, school crisis intervention system must be developed in the near future.

  8. Trust vs. Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten Mogensen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The three social phenomena -- norms, trust, and crisis -- are in this paper combined into one model that illustrates their function and relationship. Crisis is seen as a reaction to serious violations of expectations that leave people disoriented, insecure about situational norms, and unable to judge whom to trust. One logical solution to a crisis is to rebuild a shared understanding of the norms involved in any given context. Banking is used as a case. Central concepts are borrowed from Niklas Luhmann Trust (1968, Alf Ross Directives and Norms (1967, and Arthur G. Neal National Trauma & Collective Memory (1998.

  9. Crisis response to schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, K

    2000-01-01

    While community based crisis response teams offer needed resources to schools impacted by crisis, they are often not asked to help. Reports from crisis team leaders at the school shooting incidents at James W. Parker Middle School, Edinboro, Pennsylvania and Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado are contrasted regarding utilization of community resources. Factors limiting the usefulness of community based teams include unfamiliarity with school organization, culture, and procedures. Key differences in school vs. community team precepts, decision-making, and strategic paradigms render team coordination difficult. Successful cross training presents opportunities for school-community partnership and utilization of community teams for school duty.

  10. Trust vs. Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    The three social phenomena -- norms, trust, and crisis -- are in this paper combined into one model that illustrates their function and relationship. Crisis is seen as a reaction to serious violations of expectations that leave people disoriented, insecure about situational norms, and unable...... to judge whom to trust. One logical solution to a crisis is to rebuild a shared understanding of the norms involved in any given context. Banking is used as a case. Central concepts are borrowed from Niklas Luhmann Trust (1968), Alf Ross Directives and Norms (1967), and Arthur G. Neal National Trauma...

  11. Contracting in crisis intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Z P; Mowry, D D

    1976-01-01

    The use of contracts in the social services is an important area that needs to be looked at. This paper is concerned specifically with the use of contracts in one particular part of social services: crisis intervention. Contracts that define the working relationship between the client and mental health counselor can be beneficial for both when they attempt to solve the problems that contributed to the crisis situation. There are five benefits to be gained from the use of contracts in crisis intervention and they are briefly discussed.

  12. Ultraviolet radiation modelling from ground-based and satellite measurements on Reunion Island, southern tropics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Lamy

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Surface ultraviolet radiation (SUR is not an increasing concern after the implementation of the Montreal Protocol and the recovery of the ozone layer Morgenstern et al.(2008. However, large uncertainties remain in the prediction of future changes of SUR Bais et al.(2015. Several studies pointed out that UV-B impacts the biosphere Erickson et al.(2015, especially the aquatic system, which plays a central part in the biogeochemical cycle Hader et al.(2007. It can affect phytoplankton productivity Smith and Cullen(1995. This influence can result in either positive or negative feedback on climate (Zepp et al., 2007. Global circulation model simulations predict an acceleration of the Brewer-Dobson circulation over the next century (Butchart, 2014, which would lead to a decrease in ozone levels in the tropics and an enhancement at higher latitudes (Hegglin and Shepherd, 2009. Reunion Island is located in the tropics (21° S, 55° E, in a part of the world where the amount of ozone in the ozone column is naturally low. In addition, this island is mountainous and the marine atmosphere is often clean with low aerosol concentrations. Thus, measurements show much higher SUR than at other sites at the same latitude or at midlatitudes. Ground-based measurements of SUR have been taken on Reunion Island by a Bentham DTMc300 spectroradiometer since 2009. This instrument is affiliated with the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC. In order to quantify the future evolution of SUR in the tropics, it is necessary to validate a model against present observations. This study is designed to be a preliminary parametric and sensitivity study of SUR modelling in the tropics. We developed a local parameterisation using the Tropospheric Ultraviolet and Visible Model (TUV; Madronich, 1993 and compared the output of TUV to multiple years of Bentham spectral measurements. This comparison started in early 2009 and continued until 2016

  13. Ultraviolet radiation modelling from ground-based and satellite measurements on Reunion Island, southern tropics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamy, Kévin; Portafaix, Thierry; Brogniez, Colette; Godin-Beekmann, Sophie; Bencherif, Hassan; Morel, Béatrice; Pazmino, Andrea; Metzger, Jean Marc; Auriol, Frédérique; Deroo, Christine; Duflot, Valentin; Goloub, Philippe; Long, Charles N.

    2018-01-01

    Surface ultraviolet radiation (SUR) is not an increasing concern after the implementation of the Montreal Protocol and the recovery of the ozone layer (Morgenstern et al., 2008). However, large uncertainties remain in the prediction of future changes of SUR (Bais et al., 2015). Several studies pointed out that UV-B impacts the biosphere (Erickson et al., 2015), especially the aquatic system, which plays a central part in the biogeochemical cycle (Hader et al., 2007). It can affect phytoplankton productivity (Smith and Cullen, 1995). This influence can result in either positive or negative feedback on climate (Zepp et al., 2007). Global circulation model simulations predict an acceleration of the Brewer-Dobson circulation over the next century (Butchart, 2014), which would lead to a decrease in ozone levels in the tropics and an enhancement at higher latitudes (Hegglin and Shepherd, 2009). Reunion Island is located in the tropics (21° S, 55° E), in a part of the world where the amount of ozone in the ozone column is naturally low. In addition, this island is mountainous and the marine atmosphere is often clean with low aerosol concentrations. Thus, measurements show much higher SUR than at other sites at the same latitude or at midlatitudes. Ground-based measurements of SUR have been taken on Reunion Island by a Bentham DTMc300 spectroradiometer since 2009. This instrument is affiliated with the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC). In order to quantify the future evolution of SUR in the tropics, it is necessary to validate a model against present observations. This study is designed to be a preliminary parametric and sensitivity study of SUR modelling in the tropics. We developed a local parameterisation using the Tropospheric Ultraviolet and Visible Model (TUV; Madronich, 1993) and compared the output of TUV to multiple years of Bentham spectral measurements. This comparison started in early 2009 and continued until 2016. Only

  14. Diversity of Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated in humans, companion animals, and the environment in Reunion Island: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pailhoriès, Hélène; Belmonte, Olivier; Kempf, Marie; Lemarié, Carole; Cuziat, Julien; Quinqueneau, Catherine; Ramont, Catherine; Joly-Guillou, Marie-Laure; Eveillard, Matthieu

    2015-08-01

    Acinetobacter baumannii can be responsible for community-acquired infections in tropical climates like that of Reunion Island. The epidemiology of these community-acquired A. baumannii infections is not well understood. The aim of this study was to characterize A. baumannii strains isolated from patients at the time of admission to the university hospital of Saint-Denis, from environmental samples, and from pets. In this exploratory study, samples were collected by swabbing the rectum and mouth. A. baumannii isolates from positive samples were identified by VITEK 2 system, blaOXA-51-like gene PCR, and partial sequencing of the rpoB gene. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was then performed. Strains were further analysed by multilocus sequence typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. A high prevalence of A. baumannii carriage was found in pets (8.5%). Only one A. baumannii isolate was resistant to carbapenems (isolated from a patient). A wide variety of A. baumannii, assigned to different sequence types, were isolated from pets, humans, and the environment. This study shows that A. baumannii strains are present outside the hospital setting in Reunion Island and show great diversity. Further studies are needed to explore these extra-hospital reservoirs of A. baumannii in Reunion Island in greater detail and to determine their possible means of dissemination. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  15. Policing the Global Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William I. Robinson

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available As part of my research for a book manuscript on the crisis of global capitalism I recently finished writing (Robinson forthcoming, I decided to re-read the classic 1978 study conducted by the noted socialist and cultural theorist Stuart Hall and several of his colleagues, Policing the Crisis. The authors show in that book how the restructuring of capitalism as a response to the crisis of the 1970s - which was the last major crisis of world capitalism until the current one hit in 2008 -led in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to an "exceptional state," by which they meant a situation in which there was an ongoing breakdown of consensual mechanisms of social control and a growing authoritarianism.

  16. Migrants caught in crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Kelly

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A number of new initiatives point to ways in which the internationalcommunity – particularly governments – could help reduce the vulnerabilities of migrant workers during conflict and crisis situations.

  17. Veterans Crisis Line

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The caring responders at the Veterans Crisis Line are specially trained and experienced in helping Veterans of all ages and circumstances. Some of the responders are...

  18. Crisis Communication and Social

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    2017-01-01

    The academic field of crisis communication is more relevant than ever due to the digital media revolution, setting new standards for how to manage criticism and crises. This paper presents a systems theoretical approach to crisis communication in the age of digital media with a special regard to ...... consistent with their communicated values and strategies, thus managing to appear as trustworthy in a hyper-dynamic social surrounding world. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.......The academic field of crisis communication is more relevant than ever due to the digital media revolution, setting new standards for how to manage criticism and crises. This paper presents a systems theoretical approach to crisis communication in the age of digital media with a special regard...

  19. Emotional crisis communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, T.G.L.A.; Verhoeven, J.W.M.

    2014-01-01

    Organizational crises are usually highly emotional experiences for both organizations and stakeholders. Hence, crisis situations often result in emotionally charged communication between the two parties. Despite the attention of organizations and scholars to the emotions of stakeholders during

  20. Crisis intervention: program evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simington, J A; Cargill, L; Hill, W

    1996-11-01

    Crisis intervention is based upon crisis theory and is defined as a short-term active mode of therapy that focuses on solving the client's immediate problem and reestablishing psychological equilibrium. The crisis intervention program was the first phase in the development of a broader mental health program with advancement decisions being based upon evaluation results of this initial phase. An evaluation methodology using the Stufflebeam Goal-Stakeholder Model (1980) was designed and implemented. A satisfaction survey was conducted to develop a database relative to the program's process. The Mental Health Category Measure, and the Crisis Call Outcome Rating Scale were used to capture outcome data. Analysis of the qualitative and quantitative data indicate that stakeholders are satisfied with the program. outcome data demonstrates that the program produces the intended outcomes. Triangulation, a method of comparing the qualitative and quantitative findings revealed consistency, and thus provides confidence in the accuracy of the findings.

  1. Syrian Crisis and Migration

    OpenAIRE

    Pinar Yazgan; Deniz Eroglu Utku; Ibrahim Sirkeci

    2015-01-01

    With the growing insurrections in Syria in 2011, an exodus in large numbers have emerged. The turmoil and violence have caused mass migration to destinations both within the region and beyond. The current "refugee crisis" has escalated sharply and its impact is widening from neighbouring countries toward Europe. Today, the Syrian crisis is the major cause for an increase in displacement and the resultant dire humanitarian situation in the region. Since the conflict shows no signs of abating i...

  2. Crisis -- A Leadership Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    recognized the great value in understanding crisis theory and the leadership strategies to employ during these situations. Additionally, we discovered...ed.: 50. Mitroff, Ian I. Crisis leadership : Planning for the Unthinkable. Hoboken: Wiley, 2004. Murphy, P. (1996). "Chaos Theory as a Model...Crisis–A Leadership Opportunity COL Victor Braden, ARNG CAPT Justin Cooper II, USN COL Michael Klingele, USA Lt Col John P

  3. 'Financial crisis in Malaysia'

    OpenAIRE

    石田, 三樹

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate factors underlying the buildup to the 'Financial crisis' in Malaysia. As earlier researchers pointed out, the direct cause of currency crisis is the exchange rate arrangement. After 1995, dollar-peg system raised the value of ringgit against Japanese yen, which deteriorated the country's competitiveness. In 1990's, favorable interest rates, better fundamentals and expected high value of ringgit attracted large volume of funds from overseas. Most...

  4. Parasite communities in eels of the Island of Reunion (Indian Ocean): a lesson in parasite introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasal, Pierre; Taraschewski, Horst; Valade, Pierre; Grondin, Henri; Wielgoss, Sébastien; Moravec, Frantisek

    2008-05-01

    Eel populations from the small rivers on the Island of Reunion (French Overseas Department in the Indian Ocean) were investigated with respect to the occurrence and abundance of helminths during the autumn of 2005. The native species Anguilla marmorata (n = 80), Anguilla bicolor (n = 23), and Anguilla mossambica (n = 15) were studied. Six species of helminths were identified, four of them having a definitely nonnative status. Furthermore, unidentified intra-intestinal juvenile cestodes and extra-intestinal encapsulated anisakid nematode larvae were present in a few eels. We found that the invasive swim bladder nematode Anguillicoloides (Anguillicola) crassus had been introduced into the island. Six specimens were collected, four from A. marmorata, one from A. bicolor and one from A. mossambica. The maximum intensity of infection was two worms. The other helminths also showed a low abundance. These species were the monogenean gill worms Pseudodactylogyrus anguillae and Pseudodactylogyrus bini and the intestinal parasites Bothriocephalus claviceps (Cestodes), Paraquimperia africana (Nematodes), and the acanthocephalan Acanthocephalus reunionensis Warner, Sasal, and Taraschewski, 2007. The latter species, found as intra-intestinal immatures, is thought to utilize amphibians as required hosts; its status, introduced or native, could not be determined. P. africana was described from A. mossambica in South Africa and has not been recorded outside Africa. The other species are known from populations of European and American eels. However, A. crassus and the two Pseudodactylogyrus species originate from East Asia, where they are indigenous parasites of Anguilla japonica. Both an assignment test based on seven specific microsatellite loci and subsequent sequencing of mitochondrial haplotypes of a partial fragment of cytochrome c oxidase 1 strongly suggest that the A. crassus may originated around the Baltic Sea. According to the results presented here, populations of the

  5. L’Italia: una crisi nella crisi.(Italy: A Crisis within the Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'ippoliti

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article synthesises the large and extending literature on the financial and economic crisis from a Post-Keynesian point of view. The authors take on the position that the international and internal real imbalances are serious and worrying, but yet they are not the cause of the crisis or of its tremendous dimension. The flawed and insufficient regulation of finance is the prime cause of the crisis, as well as it is one of the main hindrances to expansionary macroeconomic policies that may less painfully drive developed countries out of the crisis. It then examines the most recent developments in the euro-area, claiming that we are not facing a sovereign debt crisis but rather a speculative attack on the euro. Finally, the article considers specifically the situation of Italy, currently at the hearth of such an attack, and suggests that the country was already facing critical developments before the 2007/2008 crisis. Thus, the policy measures so far suggested to exit the current stressful situation, in so far as they ignore this fact, seriously run the risk of proving insufficient or altogether noxious.JEL: B50; E12; G01  

  6. CRISIS COMMUNICATION IN UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan MADRAN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Institutions should implement effective crisis communication strategies to manage their reputations in crisis situations. Thus, the negative perceptions that may occur because of crisis can be reduced and eliminated by continuously informing stakeholders. Therefore, various researches are needed in the area of crisis communication management. The aim of the study is to determine the types of crises that often occur in universities and evaluate the crisis communication efforts in higher education institutions. Crises and crisis communication efforts were evaluated within the framework of media reflections in this study. Content analysis was applied in the classification of crises and responses provided for crises. As a result, the types of crises in Turkish universities were determined as campus safety, actions, protests, loss of confidential information, loss of financial opportunities, loss of key managers and personnel, staff problems, increase of accidents, slander and gossip, unnecessary explanations, rumors, damage to organization and employee reputation, terrorism, workplace violence, corruption, fire and epidemic. It is seen that universities don’t make any communicational effort regarding campus safety, staff problems, increase of accidents, corruption or fire.

  7. Trace element evaluation of a suite of rocks from Reunion Island, Indian Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zielinski, R.A.

    1975-01-01

    Reunion Island consists of an olivine-basalt shield capped by a series of flows and intrusives ranging from hawaiite through trachyte. Eleven rocks representing the total compositional sequence have been analyzed for U, Th and REE. Eight of the rocks (group 1) have positive-slope, parallel, chondrite-normalized REE fractionation patterns. Using a computer model, the major element compositions of group 1 whole rocks and observed phenocrysts were used to predict the crystallization histories of increasingly residual liquids, and allowed semi-quantitative verification of origin by fractional crystallization of the olivine-basalt parent magma. Results were combined with mineral-liquid distribution coefficient data to predict trace element abundances, and existing data on Cr, Ni, Sr and Ba were also successfully incorporated in the model. The remaining three rocks (group 2) have nonuniform positive-slope REE fractionation patterns not parallel to group 1 patterns. Rare earth fractionation in a syenite is explained by partial melting of a source rich in clinopyroxene and/or hornblende. The other two rocks of group 2 are explained as hybrids resulting from mixing of syenite and magmas of group 1. ?? 1975.

  8. Efficiency in milk production on Reunion Island: dealing with land scarcity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Haese, M; Speelman, S; Alary, V; Tillard, E; D'Haese, L

    2009-08-01

    This paper aims to analyze efficiency on dairy farms in Reunion Island, a French overseas district located in the Indian Ocean. On this island, dairy farming is promoted with financial and technical support from the European Union, with the French and local governments aiming at reducing dependency on imports of milk powder and dairy products and creating employment. A critical factor for increasing the local milk production is the limited availability of arable land because of the small size and the volcanic nature of the island. In this paper, we study the efficiency levels of dairy production on 34 farms by using a data envelopment analysis approach. The average technical efficiency score of farms, assuming constant returns to scale, was 0.927, with 19 out of 34 farms not being efficient. The technical efficiency with a variable returns to scale specification was 0.951. The efficiency with which farmers used their land (subvector efficiencies) was estimated in a second model. The average subvector efficiencies calculated with constant returns to scale and variable returns to scale models were lower than the technical efficiencies. The farmers on the efficiency frontier had a relatively higher milk production, milk production per cow, and land surface than those who were less efficient. A policy promoting better use of the land on inefficient farms should increase the milk production-to-land ratio. Possible on-farm strategies are improved feeding systems, farms having their own heifer breeding, and improved genetics.

  9. RESTRUCTURING COMPANIES UNDER CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hezi Aviram SHAYB

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nobody is planning to fail, but many companies are failing because of lack of planning. Real business experience showed during the years that crisis can be prevented, avoided or limited. If detected in time, the risks associated with the crisis can be mitigated and the effects can be diminished, with the condition that the actions required are done fast, in a sharp and accurate manner. When it comes, a crisis brings an intense level of pressure and under these conditions there is no time or room for mistakes. Delays, losing focus and lack of planning will bring a company one step away from failure. The right way to deal with crisis, if required measures are not done in time, is to minimize the losses and reposition in the best way possible. Analysing the success stories of some of the biggest and strongest companies in the world, led to an important conclusion: the majority of these companies were in the situation to face huge crises which threatened their ability to survive in certain moments, on their way to success. With the right planning and by setting a proper organisational structure, the negative aspects of the crisis can be turned into benefits and opportunities for the company. The most critical challenge for management is to assess the level of exposure to risk of the company and identify the key points to focus on in order to overcome the crisis and create value. In order to set up a strong plan in dealing with crisis, a business organisation needs reliable, efficient and effective tools and this is what this article is all about.

  10. The Euro crisis. Causes and Symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph S. Weber

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Euro crisis is mainly a consequence of the international financial crisis of 2008. Thereby, the term Euro crisis is misleading as there is no currency crisis. First, the article shows some of the birth defects of the Euro. Second, it shows that the increase in public debt was caused by rescue measures for banks and anti-cyclical fiscal policy. Third, we argue that the Euro crisis is not just one crisis (a sovereign debt crisis but it is a combination of several macroeconomic crises including a growth crisis, a labour market crisis, a public debt crisis, and a current account crisis.

  11. Tropospheric ozone climatology at two Southern Hemisphere tropical/subtropical sites, (Reunion Island and Irene, South Africa from ozonesondes, LIDAR, and in situ aircraft measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Clain

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a climatology and trends of tropospheric ozone in the Southwestern Indian Ocean (Reunion Island and South Africa (Irene and Johannesburg. This study is based on a multi-instrumental dataset: PTU-O3 ozonesondes, DIAL LIDAR and MOZAIC airborne instrumentation.

    The seasonal profiles of tropospheric ozone at Reunion Island have been calculated from two different data sets: ozonesondes and LIDAR. The two climatological profiles are similar, except in austral summer when the LIDAR profiles show greater values in the free troposphere, and in the upper troposphere when the LIDAR profiles show lower values during all seasons. These results show that the climatological value of LIDAR profiles must be discussed with care since LIDAR measurements can be performed only under clear sky conditions, and the upper limit of the profile depends on the signal strength.

    In addition, linear trends have been calculated from ozonesonde data at Reunion and Irene. Considering the whole tropospheric column, the trend is slightly positive for Reunion, and more clearly positive for Irene. Trend calculations have also been made separating the troposphere into three layers, and separating the dataset into seasons. Results show that the positive trend for Irene is governed by the lower layer that is affected by industrial pollution and biomass burning. On the contrary, for Reunion Island, the strongest trends are observed in the upper troposphere, and in winter when stratosphere-troposphere exchange is more frequently expected.

  12. The Walking Debt Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Basse, Tobias; Kruse, Robinson; Wegener, Christoph

    , in our main analysis, we test whether the collapsing bubble in the housing market triggered the diverging government bond yields during two crisis regimes. Our findings indicate that this was the case in the course of the financial, but not during the EMU sovereign debt crisis. These results suggest......This article sheds light on the question whether arising sovereign credit risk in the EMU has been triggered by the US subprime crunch. By adapting recent econometric methodologies suggested in the related field of speculative bubbles, we find clear evidence for fast diverging (and even explosive...... stability of Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain during the European debt crisis. First, we find compelling evidence for bubbles in the Dow Jones Equity Real Estate Investment Trust (REITs) index which serves as a weekly measure of economic activity in the North American real estate sector. Second...

  13. Crisis and Regional Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dosenrode, Søren

    , Tunisia, Egypt …. ), where the crisis referred to could be humanitarian, environmental, economic, political … Europe, too, has also according to mass media, been a victim of a crisis, the financial one. Could ‘crisis’ be a beginning of enhanced regional integration? This paper will try to look...... at the processes of regional integration in relation to ‘crisis’ in Africa and Europe. First, this paper will look at the concept of ‘crisis’, before it moves on to discuss ‘regional integration’ and the correlation between the two, emphasizing the approaches of neo-functionalism and federal theory....... This is the basis for two short case studies of African and European regional integration. The paper tentative answers to the question: will the crisis in Africa and Europe respectively further or block regional integration? With a ‘that depends’. But the use of Federalism theory and neo-functionalism is seen...

  14. Framing the Newspaper Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruggemann, Michael; Humprecht, Edda; Kleis, Rasmus

    2016-01-01

    as well as a qualitative analysis of policy documents and relevant media coverage. The study demonstrates that debates on the newspaper crisis are only partly influenced by (1) economic realities and (2) media policy traditions in the six countries but also reflect (3) the strategic motives of powerful......This article argues that discourses of a newspaper crisis should not be regarded simply as descriptions of the actual state of the press but also as a means by which strategic actors frame the situation. The emerging frames can have substantial consequences for media policy making. The study...... identifies four key frames used to portray the newspaper crisis and discusses their relevance for public debates in Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States. Similarities and differences are examined through 59 in-depth interviews with policymakers and industry executives...

  15. Modelli formali della crisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GIANCARLO GANDOLFO

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a distinction is made between the immediate technical-financial causes that unleashed the crisis in the United States, and its macroeconomic causes, which also explain its international transmission. Two formal paradigmatic models are considered. The first is Li’s formula on default correlation (“The Formula that Killed Wall Streetâ€, whose misuse gave rise to the crisis. The second is the international financial multiplier set forth by Paul Krugman. After examining these two models, the paper concludes that, contrary to widespread opinion, the crisis was indeed foreseen by some economists, who, coming from the non-mainstream side of the profession, were largely ignored.

  16. Una crisis financiera estructural

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    Pierre Salama

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor sostiene que la crisis económica que estalló a mediados del 2008 en los países industrializa-dos y que rápidamente contagió a todas las economías del mundo, no tiene un origen exclusivo en las desregulaciones del mercado financiero. Aunque estas sin duda han precipitado y amplificado la crisis, es fundamental considerar la globalización financiera y comercial que ha marcado los regíme-nes de crecimiento económico. Es esta globalización la que ha provocada la deslocalización de la producción –a favor de China– y una consecuente pérdida de empleos y atonía de los salarios. Des-de esta perspectiva terminar la crisis requerirá más que una restructuración de la arquitectura financiera, será necesario modificar la desregularización financiera y comercial.The author maintains that the economic crisis that broke out in mid-2008 in industrialized countries and quickly spread to economies throughout the world does not have its origins solely in deregula-tion of the financial market. Though this clearly precipitated and has broadened the crisis, it is essential to consider the financial and commercial globalization that has marked regimes of economic growth. This is the globalization that has provoked the dislocation of production – in favor of China – and the consequent loss of jobs and stagnation of salaries. From this perspective, an end to the crisis will require more than a restructuring of financial architecture; what will be needed is change in financial and commercial deregulation.

  17. Interpretando la Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Franco Eugenio Nanni; Adriana Fátima Panico

    2009-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es analizar e interpretar la crisis económico- financiera actual y sus similitudes con las crisis que se sucedieron en el siglo XX, marcando sus causas y consecuencias. Para realizar este estudio consideramos las series del producto y de las tasas de crecimiento de Estados Unidos y del Reino Unido, ya que poseen datos históricos fidedignos. Utilizamos la metodología de modelos estructurales de espacio de estado para analizar las series de tiempo, detectar las caí...

  18. Numerical simulations of local circulations and pollution transport over Reunion Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesouëf, D.; Gheusi, F.; Delmas, R.; Escobar, J.

    2011-01-01

    A series of high-resolution (1 km) numerical simulations with a limited-area numerical model has been performed over Reunion Island. In the dynamical context of a regular maritime flow perturbed by a major topographic obstacle such as Reunion Island, the objectives are to identify the main atmospheric circulations at local-scale over the island and to improve the understanding of local-scale transport and dispersion of pollutants emitted from local sources. To investigate the effects of topography and land surface heating on low-level flows over the island, simulations representative of austral winter were performed in idealized conditions keeping the radiative forcing plus a background east-south-easterly synoptic flux of varying strengths, typical of the prevailing trade-wind conditions. The numerical experiments show mainly that flow splitting of the trade-wind occurs around the island, with enhanced winds blowing along the coast lines parallel to the synoptic flux, due to the lateral constriction of the flow by the island and resulting Venturi effect. Blocking occurs on the island side facing the trade-wind. The north-western area on the leeside is screened from the trade-wind by high mountains, and this enables the development of diurnal thermally-induced circulations, combining downslope and land-breeze at night, and upslope and sea breeze at daytime. Flow splitting is modulated by radiative convergence toward the island at daytime, and divergence from the island at night. Stronger winds than the large-scale trade-wind occur along the coast at daytime (Venturi effect), whereas at night, the trade-wind flow is pushed few kilometres offshore by divergence of cooled air from the land. At night, the trade-wind flow is pushed few kilometres offshore by divergence of cooled air from the land. Consequently, a number of processes of pollution transport and dispersion have been identified. Vortices in the wake of the island were found to cause counterflow circulation

  19. Evolution of the Mascarene Basin with respect to the Reunion hotspot inception in the Deccan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissessur, Dass; Dyment, Jérôme; Deplus, Christine; Yatheesh, Vaddakeyakath

    2010-05-01

    Located between Madagascar in the west, the Mascarene Plateau in the east and separated from the Madagascar Basin by the Mauritius fracture zone in the south, the Mascarene Basin is marked by conjugate magnetic anomalies separated by a fossil ridge. In agreement with previous studies, the opening of this basin is dated to ~85 Ma by anomaly 34. Spreading rate has increased from slow between 83 Ma (A34) and 74 Ma (A33y), to intermediate between 74 Ma (A33y) and 68 Ma (A31y), and to fast between 69 Ma (A31y) and 63 Ma (A28), before the extinction of the ridge at ~60 Ma (A27y). Free air gravity data derived from satellite altimetry reveal a rather complex structure of the oceanic crust, with many fracture zones showing a trend evolving from N50°E - N60°E on the basin margins to N30°E - N40°E in the centre. These fracture zones segment the basin in seven main compartments and many small corridors. In the southernmost compartment, in the vicinity of Reunion Island, the isochrones shows two distinct orientations, N120°E-N140°E and N90°E-N110°E in the central and eastern part of the compartment respectively. We explain this observation by the presence of the Indian Ocean Triple Junction in this compartment between 74 and 64 Ma (A33y to A28o). Furthermore, a ridge jump at 62 Ma (A28y) has isolated a double anomaly 28 on the southern flank. This point, suggested by the observed magnetic anomalies, is further substantiated by the small N40°E-N50°E trending volcanic ridges south of Reunion Island, which seems to be also present on the northern flank of the A28 fossil spreading centre but are absent on the more recent crust emplaced between A28 and A27. This suggests that the hotspot- ridge interaction that may have created these ridges was active before A28 - maybe a far-field effect of the Deccan Trap volcanism? In the two central compartments, seafloor spreading is rather symmetrical and regular, with magnetic lineations perpendicular to the fracture zones. In the

  20. [Perinatal outcome of monochorionic and dichorionic twin gestations: a study of 775 pregnancies at Reunion Island].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oger, A-S; Robillard, P-Y; Barau, G; Randrianaivo, H; Bonsante, F; Iacobelli, S; Boukerrou, M

    2013-11-01

    To compare the perinatal mortality and morbidity of infants born from monochorionic versus dichorionic twin pregnancies (TP). Retrospective, comparative study of monochorionic and dichorionic TP over 10 years in the south of Reunion Island. Information regarding demographic, gestational and perinatal variables of mothers and infants was collected from the hospital perinatal database. Six hundred and twenty dichorionic and 155 monochorionic TP were analyzed. In case of monochorionic TP, mothers had higher rates of pregnancy-related hypertension (OR=1.82, 95%CI=[1.02-3.29] ; P=0.03) and hospitalization (OR=1.48, 95%CI=[1.02-2.16]; P=0.03). Newborns from monochorionic TP had higher morbidity for : very preterm birth (birth before 33 weeks gestation) (OR=1.65, 95%CI=[1.02-2.66]; P=0.02), very low birth weight (birth weight<1500g) (OR=1.73, 95%CI=[1.57-3.13]; P<0.001), Apgar<7 at 1 minute (OR=1.76, 95%CI=[1.18-2.61]; P<0.01) and hospitalization (OR=2.08, 95%CI=[1.58-2.73]; P<0.001). Perinatal mortality was also significantly higher (OR=2.47, 95%CI=[1.54-3.94]; P<0.001), as well intrauterine fetal death (OR=3.96, 95%CI=[1.95-8.05]; P<0.001) CONCLUSION: This study confirms that few differences exist among dichorionic and monochorionic TP with regard to maternal morbidity, while neonatal morbidity and mortality are higher in twins born from monochorionic pregnancies. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Seasonality of human leptospirosis in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean and its association with meteorological data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amélie Desvars

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a disease which occurs worldwide but particularly affects tropical areas. Transmission of the disease is dependent on its excretion by reservoir animals and the presence of moist environment which allows the survival of the bacteria. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A retrospective study was undertaken to describe seasonal patterns of human leptospirosis cases reported by the Centre National de Références des Leptospiroses (CNRL, Pasteur Institute, Paris between 1998 and 2008, to determine if there was an association between the occurrence of diagnosed cases and rainfall, temperature and global solar radiation (GSR. Meteorological data were recorded in the town of Saint-Benoît (Météo France "Beaufonds-Miria" station, located on the windward (East coast. Time-series analysis was used to identify the variables that best described and predicted the occurrence of cases of leptospirosis on the island. Six hundred and thirteen cases were reported during the 11-year study period, and 359 cases (58.56% were diagnosed between February and May. A significant correlation was identified between the number of cases in a given month and the associated cumulated rainfall as well as the mean monthly temperature recorded 2 months prior to diagnosis (r = 0.28 and r = 0.23 respectively. The predictive model includes the number of cases of leptospirosis recorded 1 month prior to diagnosis (b = 0.193, the cumulated monthly rainfall recorded 2 months prior to diagnosis (b = 0.145, the average monthly temperature recorded 0 month prior to diagnosis (b = 3.836, and the average monthly GSR recorded 0 month prior to diagnosis (b = -1.293. CONCLUSIONS: Leptospirosis has a seasonal distribution in Reunion Island. Meteorological data can be used to predict the occurrence of the disease and our statistical model can help to implement seasonal prevention measures.

  2. Centro de reuniones y exposiciones - Los Ángeles (EE. UU.

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    Charles Luckman, Asociados

    1972-04-01

    Full Text Available Its users, meeting-goers, exhibitors and visitors, find in it —with its well-studied traffic adequately equipped with signals— a basic centre for activities and a stimulus within the commercial life of the city. As well as the main hall which can accommodate 15,000 people, or for banquets, 8,000 seated at tables, there is a smaller hall, 2,232 sq. metres in size, which can also be used for exhibitions, meetings and banquets. The administration and exhibitors' offices, control room, radio, television and press rooms are on the mezzanine floor. This centre has an air about it of humanity, energy and comfort, within an elegant framework.Sus usuarios: asambleístas, expositores y visitantes, encuentran en él (con circulaciones bien estudiadas y adecuadamente señalizadas un Centro básico de actividades y un estímulo dentro de la vida comercial de la ciudad. Además de la sala principal de exposiciones, en la cual se pueden congregar 15.000 personas o celebrar banquetes para 8.000 comensales, hay otra más pequeña, de 2.232 m2, que se puede utilizar asimismo para exposiciones, reuniones y banquetes. Las oficinas de la administración, de los expositores, sala de control, salas para los medios informativos de prensa, radio y TV., están situadas en el entresuelo. Se respira en este Centro un clima humano, activo y agradable, dentro de un marco elegante.

  3. Emergence of Coxiella burnetii in ruminants on Reunion Island? Prevalence and risk factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Cardinale

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Q fever is a widespread zoonosis that is caused by Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii, and ruminants are identified as the main sources of human infections. Some human cases have been described, but very limited information was available about Q fever in ruminants on Reunion Island, a tropical island in the Indian Ocean. A cross-sectional study was undertaken from March 2011 to August 2012 to assess the Q fever prevalence and to identify the major risk factors of C. burnetii infection in ruminants. A total of 516 ruminants (245 cattle, 137 sheep and 134 goats belonging to 71 farms and localized in different ecosystems of the island were randomly selected. Samples of blood, vaginal mucus and milk were concomitantly collected from females, and a questionnaire was submitted to the farmers. Ticks from positively detected farms were also collected. The overall seropositivity was 11.8% in cattle, 1.4% in sheep and 13.4% in goats. C. burnetii DNA was detected by PCR in 0.81%, 4.4% and 20.1% in cow, sheep and goat vaginal swabs, respectively. C. burnetii shedding in milk was observed in 1% of cows, 0% in sheep and 4.7% in goats. None of the ticks were detected to be positive for C. burnetii. C. burnetii infection increased when the farm was exposed to prevailing winds and when there were no specific precautions for a visitor before entering the farm, and they decreased when a proper quarantine was set up for any introduction of a new ruminant and when the animals returned to the farm at night. MLVA genotyping confirmed the role of these risk factors in infection.

  4. The 2008—2013 Crisis as Metastasis. A Preview of the 2nd edition of The Cancer Stage of Capitalism by Pluto Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John McMurtry

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available By means of selection of relevant excerpts, a preview is offered hereby of the 2nd edition of John McMurtry's prophetic 1999 book "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism", published by Pluto Press, and entitled "The Cancer Stage of Capitalism and Its Cure"

  5. Turismo de congresos y reuniones en la ciudad de La Plata: Estado actual, tendencias y posibilidades de desarrollo

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera, Leandro Javier

    2014-01-01

    Año a año Argentina es elegida como sede de todo tipo de reuniones, una modalidad turística vista como una actividad económica rentable que crece sostenidamente a nivel mundial y nacional. El siguiente trabajo de investigación describe la situación actual de La Plata como ciudad sede de este fenómeno, los diferentes eventos realizados durante el año 2013 y características generales del consumidor principal de este segmento. Se realiza una conceptualización y contextualización del turism...

  6. Crisis en la plaza

    OpenAIRE

    Llano, A. (Alejandro)

    2011-01-01

    La crisis económica del siglo XXI tiene unas causas profundas que a veces se manifiestan en movimientos ciudadanos como el del 15-M (paralelo al desarrollado en otras ciudades europeas).Diferencias de este movimiento con el de Mayo del 68.

  7. Coping with Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akenhead, James; Andreani, Alan

    2002-01-01

    School officials put a crisis communications plan into action after two Ohio students died and a third became critically ill from meningitis in May 2001. A mass immunization program prevented a major outbreak, and rumor control helped calm the public's fears. Recounts things learned from the experience. (MLF)

  8. Managing a Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dennis

    2016-01-01

    Planning ahead, practicing your response for various scenarios, being open and honest, showing empathy and respect for other peoples' perspectives and assuring stakeholders that you have the situation covered are the foundations of communicating successfully during a crisis, experts say. This article provides strategies for Community College…

  9. Crisis and Environmental Philosophy

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    Peter Wolsing

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Environmental ethics began in the 1960s with a growing awareness of coming environmental problems such as pollution and the projected shortage of resources caused by an acceleration in human’s technically based exploitation of nature. In addition to becoming an issue in public debate and in politics since the 1970s, the environmental crisis, which can be laid at the door of industrialization, calls for a more basic consideration of man’s attitude to nature. In this paper I give a short presentation of the concept of crisis in a selection of the principal classical critical philosophies of history and suggest that they all connect crisis to the oppression of man’s inner nature. I go on to sketch the idea of environmental crisis as an oppression of outer nature (the natural environment suggesting that a new, more nuanced organic concept of nature is needed as a condition for ascribing value to life on earth as a whole, which is what most non-anthropocentric ethical theories to some extent do.

  10. Crisi internazionale e nazionale

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Ferrari

    2012-01-01

    The article considers the situation of Italy in the wake of the international financial and economic crisis. It is in particular stressed that Italy was already in a critical position before 2007-2008, mainly due to insufficient economic growth. The main reason for the country's low performance is identified in the insufficient expenditure on research and development, which caused innovation to slow down.

  11. Crisis in the Cafeteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Patrick

    1998-01-01

    Because schools are entrusted with children's safety, any crisis (particularly food poisoning) affecting that inviolable trust is fodder for a ravenous media. Proactive school business officials and food-service personnel work together to publicize the school nutrition department's good work. Communicating clearly and assigning a food-service…

  12. Family crisis intervention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Al, C.M.W.

    2012-01-01

    Als een gezin in crisis is, is er hulp nodig. De balans is dan zo verstoord dat een onveilige situatie voor kinderen kan ontstaan. Maar heeft de hulp die deze gezinnen krijgen wel het gewenste resultaat? Channa Al analyseerde 20 evaluatiestudies en toont aan dat intensieve hulpverleningsprogramma’s

  13. Las crisis familiares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idarmis González Benítez

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Con este trabajo nos propusimos actualizar el tema de las crisis familiares. Se pone de manifiesto que tanto los eventos propios del desarrollo, como los accidentales, dan lugar a la aparición de crisis en la familia. Queda esclarecido, que no necesariamente han de tener implicaciones negativas para la familia. Se hace énfasis en la valoración del evento por la familia y su significación. Se destaca el papel de los recursos familiares como protectores y moduladores de las crisis. Por último se señalan algunos pasos a seguir en la intervención familiarWith this paper we intend to update the topic of the family crises. It is shown that the own events of development as well as the accidental ones bring about the appearance of crises in the family. It is made clear that they not always have negative implications for the family. Emphasis is made on the assessment of the event for the family and its significance. The role played by the family resources as protective and modulators of the crisis is stressed. Finally, some of the steps to be taken in family intervention are mentioned

  14. The Ebola crisis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The current outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa is proving particularly challenging .... The Ebola crisis: Ethical challenges in the African context. Page 2. EDITORIAL. November 2014, Vol. 7, No. 2 SAJBL 43 and adverse effects as potential treatment or prevention. The ethical criteria to guide the provision of ...

  15. Las reuniones de personal: una alternativa de comunicación, entre la administracion y el personal docente de una escuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artavia Granados, Jenny María

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo es producto de un proceso de investigación realizado en una escuela de la Dirección Regional de Educación de San Ramón, con el fin de analizar el proceso de comunicación que experimenta el personal docente en las reuniones formales convocadas por la administración del centro escolar; así como en aquellas reuniones informales que se suscitan entre el personal docente. Como parte del desarrollo de la investigación se tomaron en cuenta: los aspectos técnicos que permiten la implementación de las reuniones formales de personal docente, la percepción que tienen los y las docentes de las reuniones formales y la percepción que tienen los y las docentes de las reuniones informales de personal docente. Se plantean también algunas conclusiones y recomendaciones, que contribuyan a mejorar el proceso de comunicación bilateral entre el personal docente y administrativo de un centro educativo, en las reuniones que se implementan.Abstract: This article is the product of a research process in a school of the Dirección Regional de Educación San Ramón, with the purpose of analyzing the communication process the educators face in the formal meetings summoned by the administration of the school center, as well as those informal meetings raised among the educators. As an element of the investigation development some aspects were taken into account: the technical aspects to allow the implementation of educators` perception about the formal and informal meetings. The study also presents some summations and recommendations to improve the bilateral process of communication in the implemented meetings among the educators and the administrative personnel of an educational institution.

  16. Insights into the Ukrainian Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costel Daniel Arfire

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Political crises are increasingly frequent and devastating not only for the population of a state, but also for the international diplomacy. Such an example is the ongoing Ukrainian crisis. Starting from S. Fink‘s life cycle of a crisis and T.W. Coombs‘s crisis response strategies, I will analyse the evolution of the Ukrainian crisis and the crisis response strategies of three major international actors: Vladimir Putin, Barack Obama and Angela Merkel. The findings of my study will prove that the denial strategy prevails in Putin‘s statement, whereas Obama uses the diminish strategy and Merkel focuses on the bolstering strategy.

  17. La dimensión ambiental en la organización del turismo de reuniones. Aportes para prácticas sustentables

    OpenAIRE

    Gittlein, Sonia Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    Gittlein, S. E. (2016). La dimensión ambiental en la organización del turismo de reuniones. Aportes para prácticas sustentables (Tesis de posgrado). Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Bernal, Argentina. Esta tesis se propuso investigar desde la dimensión ambiental el desarrollo de eventos, en particular el segmento orientado a la organización del turismo de reuniones. La iniciativa pretende facilitar contenidos que colaboren en la interacción de los actores implicados, desde una mi...

  18. [Crisis intervention with elderly people].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etzersdorfer, E

    2008-02-01

    This paper gives an overview about the most important aspects of crisis intervention, with special emphasis on crisis intervention with elderly people. First a review of the development of crisis intervention is given, including of some of the major concepts, with particular emphasis on psychoanalytic aspects of crisis intervention. Then a clinical case example of a crisis intervention with an elderly woman following a suicide attempt is given and discussed. The focus lies on the description of the transference-countertransference relationship, with attempts of pressing the therapist to comply with superficial, denying and minimizing fantasies. Peculiarities of crisis intervention with elderly people are highlighted: it is necessary to emphasize that elderly people are underrepresented in most crisis services, whereby they represent the group with the highest suicide risk. Peculiarities of elderly people still are not sufficiently met and they are created by a particularly wide range of aspects.

  19. The Biology of CML blast crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radich, Jerald P

    2007-01-01

    The natural history of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) progresses from a relatively benign chronic phase into a fatal blast crisis, which resembles acute leukemia, but is incurable by chemotherapy. Fortunately, the progression can usually be blocked by tyrosine kinase therapy or allogeneic transplantation. The seemingly stereotypical march of progression involves changes in genetic instability and DNA repair, proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, and thus may serve as a unique model of cancer evolution and progression. Given that all treatments work much better in chronic-phase than advanced-phase disease, the clinical dilemma is predicting and detecting patients bound to evolve into advanced disease. This is especially important in the age of tyrosine kinase inhibition (TKI) therapy. The purpose of this review is to address the biology of blast crisis in the age of tyrosine kinase therapy, with an emphasis on what genes or pathways may be future targets of predictive assays or treatments of progression.

  20. [Taxation of traditional rums in French overseas territories and public health: The example of Reunion Island].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mété, D

    2017-11-01

    France has a complex system for the taxation of alcoholic beverages. In the French overseas territories (FOT), the system includes little-known specificities whose purpose is to preserve the sugar-cane-rum sector, a pillar for the weak economies in these territories. Taxes are reduced for traditional rums produced and sold locally. This favors the marketing of alcoholic spirits at low prices. In metropolitan France, on the contrary, spirits are heavily taxed drinks and their share in consumption is minor. Reunion Island (RI) is a FOT confronted with significant socioeconomic precariousness and with one of the highest national morbidity and mortality rates associated with alcohol abuse. Spirits account for half of the total consumption of pure alcohol, with a strong predominance for local traditional rums. These products are preferentially consumed by vulnerable subjects, often affected by an alcohol-use disorder. This study consists of three parts. First, a comparative analysis of alcoholic beverage prices between RI and mainland France. Second, an analysis of the bibliography on the consequences of preferential consumption of spirits. Third, a literature review on the impact of taxation on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality. In France, the cheapest gram of pure alcohol is found in the FOT. The preferential consumption of spirits is associated with more frequent and more rapid complications. It is correlated with the level of alcoholic psychoses. Taxation is effective in reducing damage caused by the abuse of alcoholic beverages. The World Health Organization recommends the application of a minimum price for alcohol and tax increases. The reduced taxation of the traditional rums of the FOT does not take into account public health data. Its purpose is economic. In RI, it contributes to a high level of consumption of spirits and encourages excess mortality through alcohol abuse. It constitutes an inequality of health for these populations. Changes in this tax

  1. Unpacking the Global Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juego, Bonn; Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    The paper hopes to contribute to a reading of the political economy of the current global crisis with a focus on four interrelated themes. First, we discuss the constitutive role and functional character of crises in the evolution of neo-liberalism in particular and in capitalist reproduction...... in general. Second, we investigate the mechanisms by which financial crises recur by highlighting the structure-agency dynamics in finance capitalism; specifically, the structural tendency of financial markets to disintegrate that has been exacerbated by misbehaviour of economic agents. Third, we look at...... opposing crisis responses—from multilaterals to regional organisations to global civil society—and realise that responses from either pro-neoliberal or anti-neoliberal forces are fundamentally the same through the years, simply re-articulating analyses and programmes that they have respectively...

  2. The US Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, John L.

    2011-01-01

    for each other's shortcomings rather than reinforce each other's incentives. This paper uses evidence from the US financial crisis of 2008 to adjudicate this debate. It argues that different types of institutional complementarities are necessary in combination to ensure market stability and successful......Many comparative political economists hold that market performance depends on the presence of institutional complementarities. Some argue that when institutions reinforce similar incentives markets work best. Others disagree and argue that for markets to function well institutions must compensate...

  3. Solving the Antibiotic Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Gerard D

    2015-02-13

    Antibiotics are essential for both treating and preventing infectious diseases. Paradoxically, despite their importance as pillars of modern medicine, we are in danger of losing antibiotics because of the evolution and dissemination of resistance mechanisms throughout all pathogenic microbes. This fact, coupled with an inability to bring new drugs to market at a pace that matches resistance, has resulted in a crisis of global proportion. Solving this crisis requires the actions of many stakeholders, but chemists, chemical biologists, and microbiologists must drive the scientific innovation that is required to maintain our antibiotic arsenal. This innovation requires (1) a deep understanding of the evolution and reservoirs of resistance; (2) full knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic action and resistance; (3) the discovery of chemical and genetic probes of antibiotic action and resistance; (4) the integration of systems biology into antibiotic discovery; and (5) the discovery of new antimicrobial chemical matter. Addressing these pressing scientific gaps will ensure that we can meet the antibiotic crisis with creativity and purpose.

  4. Music and crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milenković Ivan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author does not consider crisis a threat, but in a modern sense, an auto-motive drive of art. Therefore, crisis does not affect the art from the outside, it does not hit it as an illness or a storm, but it always produces itself, which is considered to be a condition for movement in art. First of all, the author analyzes the notion of representation and the four roots of the sufficient reason as a conservative and conserving element of art, to which he opposes crisis and its self-production as something that resists sclerotization of art forms. In music, the relation between the ossified, "naturalized" structure and that which decomposes that structure, manifests itself as the relation between harmony and disharmony. The moment when harmony shows a tendency towards naturality, understanding eternity and truth, an alarm is activated to show that music is being paralyzed and it needs a deconstructive intervention of disharmony, atonality and dissonance.

  5. Leadership in Crisis Situations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cameron R. Hume

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available ¿Qué hay que hacer para prevenir el estallido o la continuación de un conflicto interno que tenga consecuencias internacionales? ¿Qué circunstancias podrían generar una acción unilateral por parte de los Estados Unidos, Francia o el Reino Unido para crear coalicionesque dieran una respuesta internacional a estas situaciones de crisis? Para acercarse a las respuestas de estas preguntas, Hume examina la actual y sobrecargada agenda del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas y las actitudes ante situaciones de crisis. El autor revisa tres de las fuentes de liderazgo nacional –voluntad, capacidad y visión– y las relaciona con la problemática internacional y las experiencias de las Naciones Unidas en Somalia y Rwanda y de UNPROFOR en Bosnia. A partir de su análisis, Hume argumenta que, a la hora de afrontar situaciones de crisis, la autoridad para usar la fuerza no debiera divorciarse de los intereses nacionales de los Estados participantes en una misión de las Naciones Unidas, aunque, en una fase posterior, otros actores debieran participar para identificar vías de diálogo, preservar las normas internacionales y hallar soluciones a los conflictos internos.

  6. Global financial crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Jusuf Qarkaxhija

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The most recent developments in economy are a clear indicator of many changes, which are a result of this high rate pacing, which also demonstrates as such. Market economy processes occur as a result of intertwining of many potential technological and human factors, thereby creating a system of numerous diver-gences and turbulences. Economics, a social science, is characteri-sed with movements from a system to another system, and is har-monized with elements or components which have impacted the development and application of economic policies as a result. This example can be illustrated with the passing from a commanded system (centralized to a self-governing (decentrali-zed system, while the movement from a system to another is known as transi-tion. Such transition in its own nature bears a number of problems of almost any kind (political, economic, social, etc., and is charac-terised with differences from a country to another. Financial crisis is a phenomenon consisting of a perception of economic policies and creation of an economic and financial stabi-lity in regional and global structures. From this, one may assume that each system has its own changes in its nature, and as a result of these changes, we have the crisis of such a system. Even in the economic field, if we look closely, we have such a problem, where development trends both in human and technological fields have created a large gap between older times and today, thereby crea-ting dynamics with a high intensity of action. If we dwell on the problem, and enter into the financial world, we can see that the so-called industrialized countries have made giant leaps in deve-lopment, while countries in transition have stalled in many fields, as a result of a high rate of corruption and unemployment in these countries, and obviously these indicators are directly connected, thereby stroking the financial system in these countries. Corruption is an element, which directly and indirectly

  7. Lidar observation of middle atmospheric gravity wave activity over a southern sub-tropical station, Reunion Island (21°S; 55°E)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Sivakumar, V

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The prevailing convective activity over tropics and subtropical regions acts as an important source for the generation of GW. Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E) is located in sub-tropics where a large number of convective phenomena occur. Hence, the GW...

  8. Evaluation of the performance of a meso-scale NWP model to forecast solar irradiance on Reunion Island for photovoltaic power applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalecinski, Natacha; Haeffelin, Martial; Badosa, Jordi; Periard, Christophe

    2013-04-01

    Solar photovoltaic power is a predominant source of electrical power on Reunion Island, regularly providing near 30% of electrical power demand for a few hours per day. However solar power on Reunion Island is strongly modulated by clouds in small temporal and spatial scales. Today regional regulations require that new solar photovoltaic plants be combined with storage systems to reduce electrical power fluctuations on the grid. Hence cloud and solar irradiance forecasting becomes an important tool to help optimize the operation of new solar photovoltaic plants on Reunion Island. Reunion Island, located in the South West of the Indian Ocean, is exposed to persistent trade winds, most of all in winter. In summer, the southward motion of the ITCZ brings atmospheric instabilities on the island and weakens trade winds. This context together with the complex topography of Reunion Island, which is about 60 km wide, with two high summits (3070 and 2512 m) connected by a 1500 m plateau, makes cloudiness very heterogeneous. High cloudiness variability is found between mountain and coastal areas and between the windward, leeward and lateral regions defined with respect to the synoptic wind direction. A detailed study of local dynamics variability is necessary to better understand cloud life cycles around the island. In the presented work, our approach to explore the short-term solar irradiance forecast at local scales is to use the deterministic output from a meso-scale numerical weather prediction (NWP) model, AROME, developed by Meteo France. To start we evaluate the performance of the deterministic forecast from AROME by using meteorological measurements from 21 meteorological ground stations widely spread around the island (and with altitudes from 8 to 2245 m). Ground measurements include solar irradiation, wind speed and direction, relative humidity, air temperature, precipitation and pressure. Secondly we study in the model the local dynamics and thermodynamics that

  9. Challenges to the pair bond: neural and hormonal effects of separation and reunion in a monogamous primate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie Hinde

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Social monogamy at its most basic is a group structure in which two adults form a unit and share a territory. However, many socially monogamous pairs display attachment relationships known as pair bonds, in which there is a mutual preference for the partner and distress upon separation. The neural and hormonal basis of this response to separation from the adult pair mate is under-studied. In this project, we examined this response in male titi monkeys (Callicebus cupreus, a socially monogamous New World primate. Males underwent a baseline scan, a short separation (48 hours, a long separation (app. two weeks, a reunion with the female pair mate, and an encounter with a female stranger (with nine males completing all five conditions. Regional cerebral glucose metabolism was measured via positron emission tomography (PET imaging using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG co-registered with structural MRI, and region of interest analysis was carried out. In addition, plasma was collected and assayed for cortisol, oxytocin (OT, vasopressin (AVP, glucose, and insulin concentrations. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF was collected and assayed for OT and AVP. We used generalized estimating equations to examine significant changes from baseline. Short separations were characterized by decreases in FDG uptake, in comparison to baseline, in the lateral septum (LS, ventral pallidum (VP, paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN, periaqueductal gray (PAG, and cerebellum, as well as increases in CSF OT, and plasma cortisol and insulin. Long separations differed from baseline in reduced FDG uptake in the central amygdala (CeA, reduced whole brain FDG uptake, increased CSF OT and increased plasma insulin. The response on encounter with a stranger female depended on whether or not the male had previously reproduced with his pair mate, suggesting that transitions to fatherhood contribute to the neurobiology underlying response to a novel female. Reunion with the partner

  10. Spatio-temporal forest cover characterisation of mascareignite zones of reunion Island; Caracterisation spatio-temporelle du couvert vegetal des zones a mascareignite des hauts de l'Ile de la Reunion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ouar, S

    1998-07-01

    The endo-soils of the reunion island often present a particularity: the presence of a light soil level on surface, of vegetable composition, the mascareignite. In the framework of this study, mascareignite soils have been localized on the wet face of the island and have been compared with those of the dry face. The floristic past of these soils has been reconstituted with the pedo-anthracology tool (charcoal dating and identification). Ages given by the {sup 14}C measures show that the mascareignite genesis is anterior to the human being presence in the island. The study of the actual vegetable cover distribution has been realized by satellite data. (A.L.B.)

  11. Geoelectrical structure of the central zone of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenat, J.-F.; Fitterman, D.; Jackson, D.B.; Labazuy, P.

    2000-01-01

    A study of the geoelectrical structure of the central part of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion, Indian Ocean) was made using direct current electrical (DC) and transient electromagnetic soundings (TEM). Piton de la Fournaise is a highly active oceanic basaltic shield and has been active for more than half a million years. Joint interpretation of the DC and TEM data allows us to obtain reliable 1D models of the resistivity distribution. The depth of investigation is of the order of 1.5 km but varies with the resistivity pattern encountered at each sounding. Two-dimensional resistivity cross sections were constructed by interpolation between the soundings of the 1D interpreted models. Conductors with resistivities less than 100 ohm-m are present at depth beneath all of the soundings and are located high in the volcanic edifice at elevations between 2000 and 1200 m. The deepest conductor has a resistivity less than 20 ohm-m for soundings located inside the Enclos and less than 60-100 ohm-m for soundings outside the Enclos. From the resistivity distributions, two zones are distinguished: (a) the central zone of the Enclos; and (b) the outer zone beyond the Enclos. Beneath the highly active summit area, the conductor rises to within a few hundred meters of the surface. This bulge coincides with a 2000-mV self-potential anomaly. Low-resistivity zones are inferred to show the presence of a hydrothermal system where alteration by steam and hot water has lowered the resistivity of the rocks. Farther from the summit, but inside the Enclos the depth to the conductive layers increases to approximately 1 km and is inferred to be a deepening of the hydrothermally altered zone. Outside of the Enclos, the nature of the deep, conductive layers is not established. The observed resistivities suggest the presence of hydrated minerals, which could be found in landslide breccias, in hydrothermally altered zones, or in thick pyroclastic layers. Such formations often create perched

  12. PROGNOSTIGATION OF FINANCIAL CRISIS OF BANK INSTITUTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Martynenko, Vasyl

    2017-01-01

    The article investigates forecasting the financial crisis banks. Particular focus on developing an integrated measure of financial condition and scale with which to determine the level  of financial condition: stable, pre-crisis, crisis, a deep crisis. Using the proposed method of  forecasting the crisis banks will allow professionals to settle bankruptcy indicator approaching  that acts quantitative characteristic of the financial crisis and is the basis for the current and  strategic adjust...

  13. Crisis and Environmental Philosophy

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Wolsing

    2014-01-01

    Environmental ethics began in the 1960s with a growing awareness of coming environmental problems such as pollution and the projected shortage of resources caused by an acceleration in human’s technically based exploitation of nature. In addition to becoming an issue in public debate and in politics since the 1970s, the environmental crisis, which can be laid at the door of industrialization, calls for a more basic consideration of man’s attitude to nature. In this paper I give a short presen...

  14. Qatar Crisis and Energy

    OpenAIRE

    Akyener, Oğuzhan; Toprak, Sezayi

    2017-01-01

    The crisis started between Qatar, which has the third largest natural gas reserves and the biggest LNG supply capacity, and the block of Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the UAE and its impact continues in all over the world.This block with Bahrein, Yemen, Libya’s Tobruk Government have accused Qatar as the financer of terrorism and made the decision of ceasing all relations with Qatar as a reaction.The fact that this development occurred right after Trump’s visit t...

  15. La hospitalidad en crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Axel Ramiro Mancioli

    2015-01-01

    La pregunta por la hospitalidad en la crisis Argentina de 2001 surge de la principal consigna que en esos días se escuchaba en las calles, “Que se vayan todos” es una consigna no hospitalaria, es negar una hospitalidad. Pero también es el reconocimiento de un “hasta acá”, el señalamiento de una situación de hospitalidad que se termina. Hubo hospitalidad pero ya no hay. Es decir, solo se puede expulsar a alguien en tanto se es el anfitrión, entonces solo se puede decir “Que se vayan todos” en ...

  16. [Internet and video games among students of Reunion Island in 2010: uses, misuses, perceptions and associated factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricquebourg, M; Bernède-Bauduin, C; Mété, D; Dafreville, C; Stojcic, I; Vauthier, M; Galland, M-C

    2013-12-01

    Describe the uses of Internet and video games and quantify associated problematic uses. Information on student practices concerning the use of the Internet and video games was collected with a self-administered questionnaire. Problematic uses were identified with specific tools (Young criteria and Tejeiro criteria) and with self-evaluative questions. Information on life events with traumatic potential and use of psychoactive substances was also collected. Logistic regression models were applied to identify possible associated factors. Based on a sample of 1119 subjects, this study showed that students in Reunion Island are very concerned by the uses of the Internet and video games (98% and 46% of respondents). The prevalence of problematic use of the Internet accounted for 6% of respondents. Problematic uses of video games involved 8% of students (18% of gamers). Young people seemed unaware of their problematic practices and were seeking informations. The public respondent was also characterized by vulnerable situations (traumatic events induring their lives, consumption of psychoactive substances). Significant associations (with no identified causality) were examined, in particular between problematic uses of Internet and video games, and life events with traumatic potential. These first estimates of the prevalence of problematic use of Internet and video games on Reunion Island are important to promote locally collective awareness about these modern addictions. These results will be used to guide local actions of prevention and care, especially among younger generations. But it is necessary to conduct further work to better identify the factors associated with these problematic uses (determinants, comorbidities addictive…). Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  17. Stratospheric ozone climatology and variability over a southern subtropical site: Reunion Island (21° S; 55° E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Godin-Beekmann

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The study presents the climatological characteristics of stratospheric ozone observed over Reunion Island using in-situ (ozonesonde and SAOZ and satellite (UARS-HALOE, SAGE-II and TOMS measurements. It uses co-localised ozonesondes (from September 1992 to February 2005 and SAOZ measurements (from January 1993 to December 2004, SAGE-II data from October 1984 to February 1999 (~15 years, HALOE data from January 1991 to February 2005 (~15 years, and NIMBUS/TOMS data from January 1978 to December 2004 (27 years. The satellite measurements correspond to overpasses located nearby Reunion Island (21° S; 55° E. The height profiles of ozone concentration obtained from ozonesonde (0.5–29.5 km show less bias in comparison with the HALOE and SAGE-II measurements. Though, the satellite (HALOE and SAGE-II measurements underestimate the tropospheric ozone, they are in good agreement for the heights above 15 km. The bias between the measurements and the normalized ozone profile constructed from the ozonesonde and SAGE-II satellite measurement shows that the SAGE-II measurements are more accurate than the HALOE measurements in the lower stratosphere. The monthly variation of ozone concentration derived from ozonesonde and HALOE shows a nearly annual cycle with a maximum concentration during winter/spring and minimum concentration during summer/autumn months. The time evolution of total column ozone obtained from TOMS, SAOZ and the one computed from ozonesonde and SAGE-II, exhibits similar behaviour with analogous trends as above. The TOMS variation displays a higher value of total column ozone of about 3–5 DU (10% in comparison with the SAOZ and the integrated ozone from ozonesonde and SAGE-II.

  18. Identifying key demographic parameters of a small island-associated population of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Reunion, Indian Ocean.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violaine Dulau

    Full Text Available Photo-identification surveys of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins were conducted from 2009 to 2014 off Reunion Island (55°E33'/21°S07', in the Indian Ocean. Robust Design models were applied to produce the most reliable estimate of population abundance and survival rate, while accounting for temporary emigration from the survey area (west coast. The sampling scheme consisted of a five-month (June-October sampling period in each year of the study. The overall population size at Reunion was estimated to be 72 individuals (SE = 6.17, 95%CI = 61-85, based on a random temporary emigration (γ" of 0.096 and a proportion of 0.70 (SE = 0.03 distinct individuals. The annual survival rate was 0.93 (±0.018 SE, 95%CI = 0.886-0.958 and was constant over time and between sexes. Models considering gender groups indicated different movement patterns between males and females. Males showed null or quasi-null temporary emigration (γ" = γ' < 0.01, while females showed a random temporary emigration (γ" of 0.10, suggesting that a small proportion of females was outside the survey area during each primary sampling period. Sex-specific temporary migration patterns were consistent with movement and residency patterns observed in other areas. The Robust Design approach provided an appropriate sampling scheme for deriving island-associated population parameters, while allowing to restrict survey effort both spatially (i.e. west coast only and temporally (five months per year. Although abundance and survival were stable over the six years, the small population size of fewer than 100 individuals suggested that this population is highly vulnerable. Priority should be given to reducing any potential impact of human activity on the population and its habitat.

  19. Organizational Learning and Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

  20. Spiritual crisis: a concept analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrimson, Laurie B; Taft, Lois B

    2009-02-01

    This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept of spiritual crisis. The term spiritual crisis has been used ambiguously in the literature, resulting in lack of clarity. A holistic approach includes spirituality in nursing care of the whole person. Papers available online between 1998 and 2007 in the CINAHL, Medline and PsycInfo databases were retrieved for analysis. The search engine Google was also used to examine additional references to 'spiritual crisis'. Spiritual crisis, spiritual emergency and life crisis were the terms initially used to search each database. The search was expanded to include spirituality to draw more literature into the review. Using Walker and Avant's method of concept analysis, a definition of spiritual crisis was identified. Spiritual crisis can be described as a unique form of grieving or loss, marked by a profound questioning of or lack of meaning in life, in which an individual or community reaches a turning point, leading to a significant alteration in the way life is viewed. Possible antecedents include sudden acute illness and loss of important relationships. Potential consequences may include physical and emotional responses. People with terminal illness, depression, and those who are grieving losses may be at special risk of spiritual crisis. The literature suggests an interdisciplinary approach, nurses' self-exploration of spirituality, and refraining from defining spirituality by religious affiliation as part of improving practice.

  1. Regulating Finance After the Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moschella, Manuela; Tsingou, Eleni

    2013-01-01

    It is now widely recognized that regulatory failures contributed to the onset of the global financial crisis. Redressing such failures has, thus, been a key policy priority in the post-crisis reform agenda at both the domestic and international levels. This special issue investigates the process ...

  2. The concept of crisis migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane McAdam

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available "Crisis migration needs to be understood in terms of ‘tipping points’, which are triggered not just by events but also by underlying structural processes. It is important for policymakers for there to be an adequate theory behind the concept of ‘crisis migration’ so that responses are appropriate, timely and thoughtful. "

  3. Capsaicin and arterial hypertensive crisis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patanè, Salvatore; Marte, Filippo; La Rosa, Felice Carmelo; La Rocca, Roberto

    2010-01-01

    ...] . A case has also been reported of an arterial hypertensive crisis in a patient with a large ingestion of peppers and chili peppers the day before [5] . We present a case of an arterial hypertensive crisis in a 19-year-old Italian man with an abundant ingestion of peppers and chili peppers the preceding day. On August 4, 2008, a 19-year-...

  4. Liberal Interventionism: The Crisis Within

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Katja Lindskov

    2017-01-01

    Liberal interventionism today is not only responding to crises in countries experiencing violent conflict, distress and disaster. It also responds to a crisis within.......Liberal interventionism today is not only responding to crises in countries experiencing violent conflict, distress and disaster. It also responds to a crisis within....

  5. Crisis ambiental y cristianismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Cárdenas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se identifican y reconocen algunas opciones que se pueden desarrollar en el cristianismo en relación con la problemática ambiental. Se aborda el dilema bíblico suscitado por interpretaciones antiecológicas y ecológicas. Con base en una lectura de la Biblia, de testimonios cristianos, y en una rememoria de estructuras institucionales, como la parroquia, se analiza el valor que tiene el mensaje cristiano en lo referido a la mitigación de la crisis ambiental.This article identifies and recognizes some options that can be developed in Christianity in relation to the environmental problem. It starts by analyzing the biblical dilemma provoked by both ecological and antiecological interpretations. Based on a reading of the Bible, testimonies from Christians and with a rememory of institutional structures, like the parish, the valué of the Christian message for mitigating the environmental crisis is analyzed.

  6. Credibility and Crisis Stress Testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Lian Ong

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Credibility is the bedrock of any crisis stress test. The use of stress tests to manage systemic risk was introduced by the U.S. authorities in 2009 in the form of the Supervisory Capital Assessment Program. Since then, supervisory authorities in other jurisdictions have also conducted similar exercises. In some of those cases, the design and implementation of certain elements of the framework have been criticized for their lack of credibility. This paper proposes a set of guidelines for constructing an effective crisis stress test. It combines financial markets impact studies of previous exercises with relevant case study information gleaned from those experiences to identify the key elements and to formulate their appropriate design. Pertinent concepts, issues and nuances particular to crisis stress testing are also discussed. The findings may be useful for country authorities seeking to include stress tests in their crisis management arsenal, as well as for the design of crisis programs.

  7. Thyrotoxic crisis presenting with jaundice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickramasinghe, R D S S; Luke, W A N V; Sebastiampillai, B S; Gunathilake, M P M L; Premaratna, R

    2016-06-23

    Thyrotoxic crisis is a medical emergency requiring early diagnosis and urgent management, which can be challenging due to its diverse clinical presentations. While common presentations include fever, sweating, palpitations, tremors and confusion, presence of jaundice is rare. We report a 35-year-old male who presented with jaundice due to cholestasis along with other features of thyrotoxic crisis due to Graves' disease. He had a good clinical recovery with resolution of cholestasis following treatment for thyrotoxic crisis. Jaundice can be a rare manifestation of thyrotoxic crisis, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis when other clinical features of thyrotoxic crisis are present. However secondary causes of jaundice should be looked into and excluded.

  8. Crisis? What crisis? How European professionals handle crises and crisis communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoeven, P.; Tench, R.; Zerfass, A.; Moreno, A.; Verčič, D.

    2014-01-01

    A broad study in 43 European countries shows that 70% of communication professionals encounter at least one crisis a year, mostly institutional, related to the performance of the organization or a crisis in management or leadership. Organizational response and image restoration approaches are mainly

  9. La hospitalidad en crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Ramiro Mancioli

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La pregunta por la hospitalidad en la crisis Argentina de 2001 surge de la principal consigna que en esos días se escuchaba en las calles, “Que se vayan todos” es una consigna no hospitalaria, es negar una hospitalidad. Pero también es el reconocimiento de un “hasta acá”, el señalamiento de una situación de hospitalidad que se termina. Hubo hospitalidad pero ya no hay. Es decir, solo se puede expulsar a alguien en tanto se es el anfitrión, entonces solo se puede decir “Que se vayan todos” en esa condición. Pero ¿quién es el anfitrión el 19 y 20 en Argentina?, ¿el poder del Estado y el “todos” encarnado en la “clase política”?, ¿o es el pueblo?, ¿o la sociedad civil?, ¿o los piquetes o las cacerolas? ¿Y quién es el extranjero? Estos interrogantes que surgen ponen en primer plano el problema de la democracia representativa, la relación entre representantes y representados ¿puede ser pensada en términos de hospitalidad?, ¿se puede pensar esa relación en términos políticos?. A partir de los planteos de Derrida respecto de la hospitalidad, y de Badiou respecto de la crisis de la política, este ensayo recorre esas y otras preguntas.

  10. School Crisis Management: A Model of Dynamic Responsiveness to Crisis Life Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, Yi-Hwa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to analyze a school's crisis management and explore emerging aspects of its response to a school crisis. Traditional linear modes of analysis often fail to address complex crisis situations. The present study applied a dynamic crisis life cycle model that draws on chaos and complexity theory to a crisis management case,…

  11. Abortion misinformation from crisis pregnancy centers in North Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Amy G; Levi, Erika E

    2012-12-01

    This study assessed the accuracy of medical information provided by crisis pregnancy centers in North Carolina. We performed a secondary data analysis of a "secret shopper survey" performed by a nonprofit organization. Reports from phone calls and visits to crisis pregnancy centers were analyzed for quality and content of medical information provided. Web sites of crisis pregnancy centers in the state were also reviewed. Thirty-two crisis pregnancy centers were contacted. Nineteen of these were visited. Fourteen centers (44%) offered that they "provide counseling on abortion and its risks." Inaccurate information provided included a link between abortion and breast cancer (16%), infertility (26%) and mental health problems (26%). Of the 36 Web sites identified, 31 (86%) provided false or misleading information, including 26 sites (72%) linking abortion to "post-abortion stress." Many crisis pregnancy centers give inaccurate medical information regarding the risks of abortion. Overstating risks stigmatizes abortion, seeks to intimidate women and is unethical. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prostate cancer Lung cancer Colorectal cancer In US women, other than skin cancer the three most common cancers are: Breast cancer Lung cancer Colorectal cancer Some cancers are more common in certain parts of the world. For example, in Japan, there are many cases of stomach cancer . But ...

  13. Seroprevalence of Human Leptospirosis in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean) Assessed by Microscopic Agglutination Test on Paper Disc-Absorbed Whole Blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desvars, Amélie; Gigan, Jimmy; Hoarau, Géraldine; Gérardin, Patrick; Favier, François; Michault, Alain

    2011-01-01

    In the last decade, leptospirosis has emerged as a globally important infectious disease. Humans most commonly become infected through occupational, recreational, or domestic contact with the urine of carrier animals, either directly or through contaminated water or soil. The disease occurs in urban areas of industrialized and developing countries as well as rural regions worldwide. We present a retrospective study conducted in 2006 on 2,269 randomly selected Reunion Island inhabitants. Blood sampling was performed on individual blotting papers, and microscopic agglutination test (MAT) was conducted on paper disc-absorbed (PDA) blood. We showed that seroprevalence of leptospirosis was 0.66% ± 0.34 in the global population of Reunion Island, which is 1.78 lower than the seroprevalence estimated 20 years before. The serological method is described, and the results discussion focuses on methodology and socio-economic factors. PMID:22144451

  14. Research on Sichuan Cuisine Enterprises Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianfei Nan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available It is impossible to avoid crisis for Sichuan cuisine enterprises. On the basis of emphasizing the importance of the research of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis, the paper mainly analyzed the issue of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis from three aspects including formation mechanism of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis, the impact mechanism of Sichuan cuisine enterprises crisis and its response measures(such as principles, methods and strategiesin order to provide an important reference so that Sichuan cuisine enterprises have a correct understanding of the crisis, effectively response to the crisis, and strengthen crisis management so as to achieve their scientific development themselves. To some extent, the paper is helpful to cope with the crisis and promote the safety operation of the enterprises which are facing the crisis.

  15. BVOCs concentration in the Reunion Island tropical forests and the impact on photooxidants formation during the BIO-MAIDO 2015 campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomb, Aurelie; Duflot, Valentin; Tulet, Pierre; Flores, Olivier; Fournel, Jacques; Strasberg, Dominique; Deguillaume, Laurent; Vaitilingom, Mickael; Burnet, Frederic; Bourrianne, Thierry

    2016-04-01

    In March-April 2015 took place an intensive field campaign in the Reunion Island : BIO-MAÏDO 2015 campaign. The main objective of the campaign was to study the interactions between forests, gases, aerosols and clouds in this unique tropical natural science lab (Duflot at al, in prep). During this campaign volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) were sampled at different part of the Reunion island. BVOCs (including isoprene, terpenes, and some oxygenated compounds) have different temporal and spatial variations depending on vegetation, on plant species and on environmental factors (ambient temperature, light intensity, air pollution..) (Seinfeld and Pandis, 1998, Kesselmeier and Staudt, 1999). BVOCs are important atmospheric constituent of the troposphere. Due to high reactivity they have an important impact on the tropospheric hydroxyl radical (OH) and ozone (Granier et al., 2000; Poisson et al., 2000; Pfister et al., 2008), thus thave a significantey influence on the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere (Houweling et al., 1998; Taraborrelli et al., 2012) on regional and global scales. BVOCs were studied at different locations: Maido Observatory (2160m) with semi-continous measurement (12 March - 9 April 2015); Tamarins forest; Cryptomeria forest; Primary forest (Belouve) and Mare Longue forest . BVOCs were sampled on adsorbents cartridges containing 250 mg Tenax TA and analysed later with a gas-chromatography-mass spectrometer. Formaldehyde concentrations were determined at the Maido observatory using an AEROLASER 4021 instrument, based on the so called "Hantzsch"-reaction, and with a 30s resolution. Isoprene was the most important BVOCs concentration found in the Reunion Island forest, especially from the endemic Tamarins trees, followed by limonene and alpha-pinene. Formaldehyde at the Maido facility show a strong diurnal variation and a maximum concentration during day-time from 1 to 4 ppbv. The local emission of

  16. The HPV Vaccination Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Following the release of a consensus statement from the NCI-Designated Cancer Centers urging HPV vaccination in the United States, Dr. Noel Brewer discusses the country’s low vaccination rates and how clinicians can help to improve them.

  17. The psychology behind the crisis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Amalia PANDELICA; Ionut PANDELICA

    2010-01-01

    .... The paperis grounded on the premise that the psychology of the crisis is an important componentof the present international context and psychological factors play an important part inthe alteration of consumer’s behavior...

  18. Science Education and Environmental Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, J. T. O.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses a wide range of topics related to the environmental crisis with particular emphasis on consequences for Australia. Suggests that Australian science teachers have both the opportunity and responsibility to play an active role in environmental education. (JR)

  19. Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dagne, Ted

    2004-01-01

    The ongoing crisis in Darfur Province in western Sudan has raised serious concerns about a major humanitarian disaster, with an estimated 1 million people displaced and more than 140,000 people forced...

  20. Understanding America's Immigration "Crisis"1

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Douglas S Massey

    2007-01-01

      In a very real way, the current immigration "crisis" stems from a fundamental contradiction lying at the heart of American policy toward Mexico-our schizophrenic attempt to create an integrated North...

  1. Intuitive skills in crisis management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rew, L; Agor, W; Emery, M R; Harper, S C

    2000-01-01

    This article is a synthesis of nursing and management research findings on intuition and explains why intuition is particularly useful in crisis management. Drawing on applications from organizational psychology, it includes ways to enhance the nurse's ability to exercise and develop intuitive skills. The authors assert that the highly complex, rapidly changing, and often unpredictable circumstances that require crisis management in nursing are best met through applying the complementary cognitive skills of analytic reasoning and intuition.

  2. Leading in Times of Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Jungbauer, Kevin-Lim

    2016-01-01

    Crisis represents an important contextual variable in the leader-follower relationship. Never is it as important as in times of “shock” when followers experience intense uncertainty and seek for sources of protection and guidance, that leaders are required to step in and find appropriate ways to alleviate fears, restore a sense normalcy, and maintain effective functioning. Over the years, studies from multiple disciplines have accumulated to a large body of literature on the topic of crisis l...

  3. Leadership in a (permanent) crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heifetz, Ronald; Grashow, Alexander; Linsky, Marty

    2009-01-01

    The current economic crisis is not just another rough spell. Today's mix of urgency, high stakes, and uncertainty will continue even after the recession ends. The immediate crisis--which we will get through with policy makers' expert technical adjustments--sets the stage for a sustained, or even permanent, crisis, a relentless series of challenges no one has encountered before. Instead of hunkering down and relying on their familiar expertise to deal with the sustained crisis, people in positions of authority--whether they are CEOs or managers heading up a company initiative--must practice what the authors call adaptive leadership. They must, of course, tackle the underlying causes of the crisis, but they must also simultaneously make the changes that will allow their organizations to thrive in turbulent environments. Adaptive leadership is an improvisational and experimental art, requiring some new practices. Like Julie Gilbert, who overcame internal resistance to reorient Best Buy toward female purchasers, adaptive leaders get things done to meet today's challenges and then modify those things to thrive in tomorrow's world. They also embrace disequilibrium, using turbulence as an opportunity to build crucial new capacities, as Paul Levy did to rescue Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center from a profound financial crisis. Finally, adaptive leaders, such as Egon Zehnder, the founder of an executive search firm, draw out the leadership skills that reside deep in the organization, recognizing the interdependence of all employees and mobilizing everyone to generate solutions.

  4. Crisis de la deuda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Calcagno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se abordan varios temas uno de ellos muy difícil de ser investigado "Deuda externa y Comunicación", pues esta es más devastadora que cien hiroshimas, por lo que se incita a los periodistas a tomar partido y defender a los pueblos tercermundistas. Sobre la estabilidad democrática y el periodismo, se hace un llamado a periodistas y dueños de los medios de comunicación a defender "sus" frágiles democracias, debilitadas por la deuda externa. En relación al área de comunicación crisis y desastres naturales esta es inexplorada por los periodistas, a pesar de que cada año son diezmados centenares de pueblos. La información preventiva y la movilización, son campos de la comunicación social. Por último la era de los satélites toma a la sociedad de sorpresa, sin políticas adecuadas para aprovechar esta nueva avalancha tecnológica.

  5. CAPITALIST CRISIS: BRIEF REMARKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Claudinei Lombardi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the joint context of the theory of crises and the resultant theory of revolutions of Marx and Engels for the analysis of the genesis, development and death of Capitalism, a summary of the historical confronts from which relations of capital have been hegemonic in the XX and XXI centuries is presented. Within this same context, a synthesis of the debates on the structural crisis of Capitalism in the past years is made with an emphasis on its relevance and seriousness in history. It is emphasized that communism is not an idea to be implemented but a reality to be constructed by real men in struggles, conquests and defeats. The revolution of a way of production is not made by itself or by decree, but it is in fact the product of organized men. It is claimed that the maturing of a struggle may lead to the formation of a wide front to articulate anti-capitalist and revolutionary forces. It is observed the need for a tactic and strategic organization to overcome the logics of the Capital and the role each educationalist must play to expand and deepen the debate.

  6. Suicide and crisis management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B S Chavan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Suicide among the general population is a major public health problem and thus is a cause of concern for India. Since suicide is the outcome of multiple factors including socioeconomic, cultural, religious, and political; intervention and prevention strategies will vary from region to region. The legal framework and guidelines in a country can influence the suicide rate by eliminating barriers to mental health services, by adopting and strictly implementing policies on access to firearms for persons with risk of suicide, providing services for treatment of substance abuse patients, and by training of school personnel so that they can identify and assist vulnerable youth in accessing help. Mental Healthcare Bill (MHCB, 2013, will soon become the guiding law for the treatment and rehabilitation of persons suffering from mental health issues. Although MHCB has been criticized on many fronts, it still has laudable provisions that attempt to address reducing treatment gap through the proposal of availability of minimum mental health facilities at primary health center, proposing comprehensive treatment facilities including rehabilitation and the proposal to remove attempted suicide from Section 309 of IPS, etc., which might contribute in suicide prevention and other mental health crisis situations.

  7. Tres crisis alimentarias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Barkin

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios observados en la sociedad mexicana en los últimos decenios han provocado crisis alimentarias en el país. Este ensayo aborda esta problemática nacional que de alguna forma afecta también el desarrollo de las fronteras de México. El agro nacional se ha transformado en un emporio capitalista, perdiendo con ello su capacidad para proveer los productos básicos de consumo masivo y marginando con ellos a las mayorías campesinas. El sistema económico no ha sido capaz de ofrecer empleo o ingresos suficientes a amplios sectores de la sociedad, por lo que se ven obligados a consumir menos de lo necesario para sostener una vida sana. Incluso quienes tienen los medios están bombardeados con propaganda y limitados por los canales de distribución orillándolos a elegir productos que sistemáticamente deterioran los niveles nutricionales de su consumo diario.

  8. General Aspects of the Economical Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Ioan

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available According to the economic theories, crises does not follow a general model, each of them,presenting unique aspects, representing actually an accident, generated by specific factors, at a certainsocio-economic and political situation. Like a classification of the crisis we can specify: the crisis ofliquidity in the banking sector, external balance of payments crisis, currency crisis, external debtcrisis and the financial crisis. After we have analyze the causes of the major crisis in XIX-th and XXthcenturies, we broach the principal causes of the actual world crisis. The implications of the crisis inEst-Europe and in Romania are analyzed from the point of view of these economies vulnerability anda series of mistakes taken in the governance acts. The theory of State intervention in the adjustment ofeconomic mechanisms, due to J.M. Keynes, is bring like an argument for exceed the negative effectsof the crisis.

  9. Diapause incidence and duration in the pest mango blossom gall midge, Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt), on Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amouroux, P; Normand, F; Delatte, H; Roques, A; Nibouche, S

    2014-10-01

    The mango blossom gall midge, Procontarinia mangiferae, is a multivoltine species that induces galls in inflorescences and leaves of the mango tree, Mangifera indica. In subtropical Reunion Island, populations of P. mangiferae are observed all-year round, but the pattern and the role of dormancy in their life cycle have never been documented. We performed field and laboratory experiments using more than 15,000 larvae. We demonstrated that a larval diapause may affect a part of the midge population, regardless of the season. The total duration of the diapause varied from 6 weeks to more than 1 year. One year of field monitoring showed that the highest incidence of diapause was observed in larvae collected during the summer from mango leaves, where it affected approximately one-third of the individuals. This facultative diapause allows the permanent presence of P. mangiferae in the orchards. By recording diapause duration during 22 weeks under controlled conditions, we showed that high temperatures (26 °C) increased diapause duration and extended the range of the dates of diapause emergence, whereas cool temperatures (20 °C) shortened diapause duration and shortened the range of the dates of emergence from diapause. A temperature decrease from 26 to 20 °C triggered the emergence of diapausing individuals. These mechanisms ensure the synchronization of the emergence of diapausing individuals with the appearance of mango inflorescences, which is also induced by cool winter temperatures.

  10. Breakage-reunion domain of Streptococcus pneumoniae topoisomerase IV: crystal structure of a gram-positive quinolone target.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Laponogov

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The 2.7 A crystal structure of the 55-kDa N-terminal breakage-reunion domain of topoisomerase (topo IV subunit A (ParC from Streptococcus pneumoniae, the first for the quinolone targets from a gram-positive bacterium, has been solved and reveals a 'closed' dimer similar in fold to Escherichia coli DNA gyrase subunit A (GyrA, but distinct from the 'open' gate structure of Escherichia coli ParC. Unlike GyrA whose DNA binding groove is largely positively charged, the DNA binding site of ParC exhibits a distinct pattern of alternating positively and negatively charged regions coincident with the predicted positions of the grooves and phosphate backbone of DNA. Based on the ParC structure, a new induced-fit model for sequence-specific recognition of the gate (G segment by ParC has been proposed. These features may account for the unique DNA recognition and quinolone targeting properties of pneumococcal type II topoisomerases compared to their gram-negative counterparts.

  11. Attachment in young children with autism spectrum disorders: an examination of separation and reunion behaviors with both mothers and fathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzadzinski, Rebecca L; Luyster, Rhiannon; Spencer, Amelia Gunn; Lord, Catherine

    2014-02-01

    Most studies examining attachment in children with autism spectrum disorder used a strange situation paradigm and have found few significant group differences between children with autism spectrum disorder and comparisons. However, these studies predominantly used formal attachment categorizations (e.g. secure vs insecure), a method that may obscure more nuanced differences between groups. In this study, we utilized a qualitative approach to examine attachment behaviors in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Based on the results of previous studies, we looked at (a) parental gender, (b) child diagnosis, and (c) child cognitive skills to examine the role of these three factors on attachment behaviors elicited during a modified strange situation paradigm. Participants were 2- to 3-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 166) or nonspectrum disorders (n = 45), as well as a sample of 56 children with typical development. Over the three groups, 393 observations of a modified strange situation paradigm with mothers and 127 observations with fathers were collected. Parental gender, child diagnosis, and child cognitive skills each had significant main effects on attachment behaviors elicited during reunion. These results underscore the importance of the father's role in parent-child interactions, with implications for both clinical and research efforts. In addition, the results emphasize the importance of considering a child's diagnosis and cognitive skills when examining attachment behaviors.

  12. Post Crisis European Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pop, Napoleon

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis is still evolving, at least from the point of view of some features making the entire process of its reversing very difficult - uncertainties, confusions and lack of investors` trust. More then that, every rim of the Atlantic Ocean has its own opinion as to the timing of the exit stimulus measures. There are prevailing risks taken into consideration when we talk about the next stage of the economic growth e.g. its sustainability on a log run or inflaming the inflation. It is for sure, that according to the core economic policies practiced either in USA or Europe, in Europe what count most is the danger of the inflation, if the right time of stopping the flood of the governmental funds to the real economy is not well chosen. The economic situation in Europe, as all over the world, in spite of some signs that the economy is on the right track ( South East Asia, USA or Germany, there are a lot of doubts as to the assurance that recession is over and there is no way for an immediate return. Notabilities in economics see that governmental intervention should be continued, just because the economic growth consigned by statistics is not convincing. Convictions, if they exist, are blended with a lot of obsessions which in my opinion are making up a serious agenda of the debates in Europe: budgetary deficit in excess, danger of the inflation, new regulation of the financial sector, credibility of the euro zone. Romania has to be involved in all these debates as it is passing through all the mentioned difficulties which need solutions within the frame of European standards, as a member of the EU.

  13. Modelli formali della crisi. (Mathematical models of the crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Gandolfo

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a distinction is made between the immediate technical-financial causes that unleashed the crisis in the United States, and its macroeconomic causes, which also explain its international transmission. Two formal paradigmatic models are considered. The first is Li’s formula on default correlation (“The Formula that Killed Wall Street”, whose misuse gave rise to the crisis. The second is the international financial multiplier set forth by Paul Krugman. After examining these two models, the paper concludes that, contrary to widespread opinion, the crisis was indeed foreseen by some economists, who, coming from the non-mainstream side of the profession, were largely ignored. JEL: G01, F3, E44  

  14. Hypercalcemic crisis: a clinical review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Shazia; Kuraganti, Gayatri; Steenkamp, Devin

    2015-03-01

    Hypercalcemia is a common metabolic perturbation. However, hypercalcemic crisis is an unusual endocrine emergency, with little clinical scientific data to support therapeutic strategy. We review the relevant scientific English literature on the topic and review current management strategies after conducting a PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar search for articles published between 1930 and June 2014 using specific keywords: "hypercalcemic crisis," "hyperparathyroid crisis," "parathyroid storm," "severe primary hyperparathyroidism," "acute hyperparathyroidism," and "severe hypercalcemia" for articles pertaining to the diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, and treatment strategies. Despite extensive clinical experience, large and well-designed clinical studies to direct appropriate clinical care are lacking. Nonetheless, morbidity and mortality rates have substantially decreased since early series reported almost universal fatality. Improved outcomes can be attributed to modern diagnostic capabilities, leading to earlier diagnosis, along with the recognition that primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common etiology for hypercalcemic crisis. Hypercalcemic crisis is an unusual endocrine emergency that portends excellent outcomes if rapid diagnosis, medical treatment, and definitive surgical treatment are expedited. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. El Raval en crisis, la crisis del Raval

    OpenAIRE

    Sergi Martinez-Rigol

    2015-01-01

    Hablar sobre la crisis del Raval es hacer referencia al hecho que, desde como mínimo la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, éste ha sido un barrio asociado constantemente a la crisis. Esta asociación ha significado la construcción, a través de diversos medios de comunicación o de textos, de una imagen y un discurso que han sobreexpuesto unas partes de la realidad del barrio, mientras que otras han sido escondidas, subexpuestas o ignoradas. Además, esta sobreexposición ha coincidido normalmente con l...

  16. PROGNOSTIGATION OF FINANCIAL CRISIS OF BANK INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasyl Martynenko

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates forecasting the financial crisis banks. Particular focus on developing an integrated measure of financial condition and scale with which to determine the level  of financial condition: stable, pre-crisis, crisis, a deep crisis. Using the proposed method of  forecasting the crisis banks will allow professionals to settle bankruptcy indicator approaching  that acts quantitative characteristic of the financial crisis and is the basis for the current and  strategic adjustment of some banking institutions and, consequently, improve the efficiency of crisis management.Keywords:  banking  institution,  forecasting,  financial  crisis,  financial  condition,  methodology,financial market.JEL: G 21

  17. CORPORATE DEBT AND CRISIS SEVERITY IN EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinga Niemczak

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse the financial structure of non-financial corporations in the European Union prior to the 2008 crisis and to determine whether the ex-ante differences in corporate financial structure had an impact on the severity of the 2008 financial crisis in European countries. The analysis confirms a negative relationship between the corporate debt ratio prior to the crisis and crisis-induced contractions in corporate investment and GDP. The results indicate a greater importance of the growth in corporate indebtedness in the years prior to the crisis for crisis vulnerability than solely the level of debt immediately before the crisis. The paper has several important implications for crisis prevention and mitigation policy.

  18. Recent Issues in the Asian Currency Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae Joon Lee

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the outbreak of the Asia exchange rate crisis last year, different analysts have attempted to analyze and explain the reason and the development of the crisis theoretically. But the present theory of the reason of the crisis is not account for the crisis, especially the evident feature that the Asia crisis appear to be infective, which seems to make the world economy to a stagnant degree. This thesis filed the present argumentations which helped to understand the Asia foreign exchange rate crisis and made a discussion at this level. This thesis first explained a certain contact between the secular trend of the capital movement and the appearance of the foreign exchange crisis, then extend to the theoretical explanation of the infective effect of the foreign exchange crisis. Meanwhile, as to the question the predictive possibility which is an important part related to foreign exchange theory, this thesis introduced former thesis which took Korea as the object of analysis.

  19. Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veil, Shari R.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

  20. K-12 School Leaders and School Crisis: An Exploration of Principals' School Crisis Competencies and Preparedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarty, Sean P.

    2012-01-01

    On any given day, principals could find themselves faced with a situation that could define their roles as crisis leaders. This dissertation research offers an exploratory study in the field of crisis response and educational leadership. From experts in the field of crisis response, the author compiled a list of crisis management competencies…

  1. Crisis Response Strategy and Crisis Types Suitability: A Preliminary Study on MH370

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mohamad Ashari, Noratikah; Abang Ahmad, Dayang Aizza Maisha; Samani, Mus Chairil

    2017-01-01

    ... of social media as a platform for the organisation in crisis to reach out to its stakeholders. This preliminary paper studies the MH370 crisis in light of Coombs [1] Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT). It aims to discuss the suitability of the CRS applied by Malaysia Airlines System (MAS) with the crisis type/s that was/were experien...

  2. Varieties of capitalism in crisis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruff, Ian; Horn, Laura

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, we provide a brief overview of the two distinct but connected meanings of the phrase ‘varieties of capitalism in crisis’: (1) the crisis of empirical political economies under conditions of capitalist diversity; and (2) the crisis of the institutionalist...... in the special issue, we consider key aspects of what could constitute an alternative conceptual apparatus: uneven development, variegation, and labour. We conclude by calling for greater dialogue and reflexivity across all of the literatures which study capitalist diversity, for we still have much to learn from...

  3. Crisis management in metallurgical enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Gajdzik

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of report analysis which presents situation in metallurgical sector after 2008 the range of changes implemented in management of metallurgical enterprises was characterised. A definition approach to crisis management was suggested as the process when the enterprise is managed during the breakdown period in market condition of the economy in the way directed towards preventing the negative effects of crisis inside enterprises. The publication presents the key aspects of enterprise management in the period of collapse of the balance between the supply and demand on the metallurgical market.

  4. Scorpion sting and hypertensive crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Ratti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Scorpion stings are very frequent in Centre-South America. The most frequently observed clinical symptoms are: local pain and redness, tachycardia, irritability, hypertensive crisis; but it differs with the scorpion species involved. CLINICAL CASE We describe a scorpion sting in a woman who came back from a holiday in Mexico. Consequently she had a hypertensive crisis treated with furosemide. DISCUSSION The scorpion sting can be very dangerous. There are many species which could be lethal; in these cases, identifying the exact species can be essential to save the patient’s life. The treatment consists of symptomatic measures, support of vital functions and i.v. antivenom.

  5. Crisis communication as an important tool of corporate management

    OpenAIRE

    Francová, Martina

    2009-01-01

    Theory-metodological part: definition of basic terms as corporation -- corporation surroundings, corporate identity and image; extraordinary incident, crisis situation, crisis, crisis management; brief definition of legislative-juristic environment. Definition of the term communications -- common aspects and types of communication. Crisis communication, analysis of available methods of crisis communication in a company, analysis of available tools of crisis communication in a company. Practic...

  6. European Union Financial Crisis: a Marxist Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Farneubun, Petrus K.

    2016-01-01

    European financial crisis poses a serious challenge to the fundamental structure of the European Union, political and financial institutions, as well as the values that bind European together. Different factors have been suggested as the causes of the crisis notably the failure of national government and economic policies. Responding to the crisis, numerous attemps have been proposed to accelerate the recovery, but the crisis still hit Eurozone and brought serious consequences politically and...

  7. Crisis Intervention and Crisis Team Models in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Karen S.; Roberts, Albert R.

    2005-01-01

    The need for crisis intervention plans and programs in schools has become more evident during the past decade with the increased incidence of school violence and other traumatic situations experienced by students, educators, school personnel, parents, and relatives of those involved. This need has resulted in an increase of professional…

  8. The Somalian Crisis: A Legacy of Colonialism?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nekky Umera

    2009-04-16

    Apr 16, 2009 ... This paper examines the roots of the crisis, the attempts made at reconciliation as well as the role of international bodies in averting or escalating the crisis. The paper also looks at the possibility of finding a lasting peace in the country. It is argued that the Somalian crisis should be largely seen as a legacy ...

  9. Resolving the International Monetary Fund's Legitimacy Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seabrooke, Leonard

    2006-01-01

    Since the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 the International Monetary Fund (the Fund) has been embroiled in an international crisis of legitimacy. Assertions of a crisis are premised on the notions that the Fund's voting system is unfair, and that the Fund enforces homogenous policies onto...

  10. Campus Crisis Response at Viberg College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaker, Rachel; Viars, Jamie

    2014-01-01

    This fictional case study examines crisis response in higher education settings. Information about current crisis response procedures, plans, and trends was gathered from informational interviews, current crisis management literature, and multiple college and university websites. The information was synthesized into a fictional case study using…

  11. Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

  12. Causes of seasonal and decadal variability in a tropical seagrass seascape (Reunion Island, south western Indian Ocean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuvillier, A.; Villeneuve, N.; Cordier, E.; Kolasinski, J.; Maurel, L.; Farnier, N.; Frouin, P.

    2017-01-01

    While seagrass meadows are considered as vulnerable or declining habitats worldwide, facing many natural and anthropogenic pressures, the opposite trend is suggested by this study in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean). Located at the benthos-pelagos interface, seagrass beds are critical coastal habitats and can be used as relevant health indicators for larger marine ecosystems or land-sea continuum. In order to determine which are the factors driving seagrass ecosystems health it is essential to quantify their seascape pattern fluctuations. The long-term (over 65 years) and seasonal scale variability was assessed in the monospecific Syringodium isoetifolium seagrass bed seascape at the Ermitage/La Saline fringing reef using aerial photographs and field measurements. Both long-term and short-term scales have been informative and both types of monitoring appear as useful tools for seagrass ecosystem management. Strong variations in seagrass coverage were observed in the 16 rasters analyzed from years 1950-2015, the magnitude order was however similar to the one observed at the recent seasonal scale (up to 2016 m2 gained or 4863 m2 lost over few months at site scale). Seascape pattern analysis revealed that physical factors (swell events, cyclones) had a major impact on the ocean-exposed site with varying impact degree depending on frequency, duration and intensity. Biotic (herbivory) or anthropogenic (grubbing, nutrient inputs) factors were also identified to influence the structural shape, fragmentation, or disappearance of seagrass beds. Further work is required to better quantify the effect of each single factor, a difficult task due to their combined expression. At the reef scale, these results showed a positive correlation between seagrass beds and inner reef flat coverage suggesting that common factors drive these highly resilient ecosystems.

  13. [Early onset neonatal infections in the South of the Reunion Island: Incidence and use of 2002 ANAES risk criteria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gérardin, P; Fianu, A; Choker, G; Carbonnier, M; Jamal-Bey, K; Heisert, M; Picot, S; Favier, F; Robillard, P-Y; Barau, G

    2008-04-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of early onset neonatal infections (EONI) in the southern part of the Reunion Island, and to study the application of ANAES criteria. A cross-sectional study was made of data collected for all live births having occurred between 1st January 2001 and 31st December 2004. Four hundred and thirty-seven in 16,071 neonates (out of 21,231 live births) presented with a certain or probable EONI, accounting for a regional rate of 20 per thousand (CI95 % 18-23 per thousand). Among 437 EONIs, group B streptococcus (GBS) was reported in 70.5% of the cases (n=308), Gram negative bacteria in 19.9% (n=87), of which nearly two thirds of Escherichia coli (n=56). Applying ANAES criteria led to identify 380 EONIs among 437 proven infections (sensitivity: 87%, specificity: 26%). A logistic regression analysis identified eight EONI predictors for the 7015 neonates for whom the mother GBS screening was documented: GBS positive vaginal culture (OR 4.2; CI95% 3.3-5.4), unexplained preterm birth less than 35 weeks (OR 5.7; CI95% 3.7-8.7), prolonged rupture of membranes greater than or equal to 18 hours (OR 2.1; CI95% 1.4-3.0), maternal fever greater than or equal to 37.8 degrees C (OR 3.2; CI95% 2.3-4.5), fetal tachycardia greater than or equal to 160 ppm (OR 2.7; CI95% 1.8-4.0), and thin (OR 1.6; CI95% 1.2-2.1) or thick meconium-stained amniotic fluid (OR 3.0; CI95% 2.1-4.5) or fetid fluid (OR 14.8; CI95% 4.2-51.8). The incidence of EONIS far exceeded that observed in metropolitan France, and the ANAES criteria lack sensitivity and specificity.

  14. Chikungunya fever: a clinical and virological investigation of outpatients on Reunion Island, South-West Indian Ocean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiberville, Simon-Djamel; Boisson, Veronique; Gaudart, Jean; Simon, Fabrice; Flahault, Antoine; de Lamballerie, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is responsible for acute febrile polyarthralgia and, in a proportion of cases, severe complications including chronic arthritis. CHIKV has spread recently in East Africa, South-West Indian Ocean, South-Asia and autochthonous cases have been reported in Europe. Although almost all patients are outpatients, medical investigations mainly focused on hospitalised patients. Here, we detail clinico-biological characteristics of Chikungunya (CHIK) outpatients in Reunion Island (2006). 76 outpatients with febrile arthralgia diagnosed within less than 48 hours were included by general practitioners during the CuraChik clinical trial. CHIK was confirmed in 54 patients and excluded in 22. A detailed clinical and biological follow-up was organised, that included analysis of viral intrahost diversity and telephone survey until day 300. The evolution of acute CHIK included 2 stages: the 'viral stage' (day 1-day 4) was associated with rapid decrease of viraemia and improvement of clinical presentation; the 'convalescent stage' (day 5-day 14) was associated with no detectable viraemia but a slower clinical improvement. Women and elderly had a significantly higher number of arthralgia at inclusion and at day 300. Based on the study clinico-biological dataset, scores for CHIK diagnosis in patients with recent febrile acute polyarthralgia were elaborated using arthralgia on hands and wrists, a minor or absent myalgia and the presence of lymphopenia (<1G/L) as major orientation criteria. Finally, we observed that CHIKV intra-host genetic diversity increased over time and that a higher viral amino-acid complexity at the acute stage was associated with increased number of arthralgia and intensity of sequelae at day 300. This study provided a detailed picture of clinico-biological CHIK evolution at the acute phase of the disease, allowed the elaboration of scores to assist CHIK diagnosis and investigated for the first time the impact of viral intra-host genetic

  15. Low Tropospheric Layers Over Reunion Island in Lidar-Derived Observations and a High-Resolution Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesouëf, D.; Gheusi, F.; Chazette, P.; Delmas, R.; Sanak, J.

    2013-12-01

    In November and December 2008, ground-based mobile lidar (GBML) measurements were carried out on Reunion Island (Indian Ocean, , 700 km east of Madagascar) with an ultraviolet (355 nm) aerosol-backscatter lidar. Complex substructures were identified within the planetary boundary layer (PBL). A 500-m-resolution non-hydrostatic model was used to simulate the dynamics of the lower troposphere for two observation periods characteristic of the two main weather regimes in this season: the "trade-wind" regime and the "breeze" regime. The model captured the observed structures with a high degree of realism compared to the GBML. A complete diurnal cycle of the PBL along the south coast of the island during a "trade-wind" day was observed and simulated. The PBL depth was found to be anti-correlated with the wind speed. The model showed that the PBL along the coast behaved as a shallow-water flow in hydraulic theory. As the flow accelerated in response to lateral constriction, conversion of potential into kinetic energy forced the PBL top downwards. This favoured rapid transport of concentrated surface emissions within the contracted surface layer, with a possible impact on air quality. GBML observations were also conducted during the early morning of a "breeze" day on the western slope of the Maïdo mountain (2,200 m), at the top of which a new atmospheric observatory has been in operation since 2012. Both model and GBML revealed two superposed layers. The upper layer, higher than approximately 1,600 m above mean sea level, corresponded to free tropospheric air driven by the trade winds. Below, westerly counterflow advection of humid marine air occurred as a result of wake vortices in the lee of the island. The model suggests that free-tropospheric conditions prevail at the observatory from the second half of the night to mid-morning.

  16. Ten thousand kilometre transfer of cardiogenic shock patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for emergency heart transplantation: Cooperation between Reunion Island and Metropolitan France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charon, Clément; Allyn, Jérôme; Bouchet, Bruno; Nativel, Fréderic; Braunberger, Eric; Brulliard, Caroline; Martinet, Olivier; Allou, Nicolas

    2017-06-01

    There is no heart transplantation centre on the French overseas territory of Reunion Island (distance of 10,000 km). The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of cardiogenic shock adult patients on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) who were transferred from Reunion Island to mainland France for emergency heart transplantation. This retrospective observational study was conducted between 2005 and 2015. The characteristics and outcome of cardiogenic shock patients on VA-ECMO were compared with those of cardiogenic shock patients not on VA-ECMO. Thirty-three cardiogenic shock adult patients were transferred from Reunion Island to Paris for emergency heart transplantation. Among them, 19 (57.6%) needed mechanical circulatory support in the form of VA-ECMO. Median age was 51 (33-57) years and 46% of the patients had ischaemic heart disease. Patients on VA-ECMO presented higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score ( p = 0.03). No death occurred during the medical transfer by long flight, while severe complications occurred in 10 patients (30.3%). Incidence of thromboembolic events, severe infectious complications and major haemorrhages was higher in the group of patients on VA-ECMO than in the group of patients not on VA-ECMO ( p <0.01). Seven patients from the VA-ECMO group (36.8%) and six patients from the non-VA-ECMO group (42.9%, p=0.7) underwent heart transplantation after a median delay of 10 (4-29) days on the emergency waiting list. After heart transplantation, one-year survival rates were 85.7% for patients on VA-ECMO and 83.3% for patients not on VA-ECMO ( p=0.91). This study suggests the feasibility of very long-distance medical evacuation of cardiogenic shock patients on VA-ECMO for emergency heart transplantation, with acceptable long-term results.

  17. Implementing a spinosad-based local bait station to control Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) in high rainfall areas of Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delpoux, Camille; Deguine, Jean-Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Three species of fruit flies cause serious damage to cucurbit crops on Reunion Island: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) (Coquillett 1899), Dacus ciliatus (Loew 1901), and Dacus demmerezi (Bezzi 1917). To control them, a program of agroecological management of cucurbit flies has been implemented based on the application of Synéis-appât, especially spot sprays on corn borders. However, the high rainfall on Reunion Island limits the long-term efficiency of the bait; in addition, this method cannot be used for large chayote trellises, because corn borders cannot be planted around them. The aim of this study was to design a bait station adapted to prevailing conditions on Reunion Island. An 'umbrella trap' tested in Taiwan was used as a reference to compare its efficacy with our local bait station. Experiments were conducted in field cages on B. cucurbitae to test different characteristics of bait stations and to construct one using local materials. Results were validated in the field. The attractiveness of the bait station was related mainly to the color of the external surface, yellow being the most attractive color. The efficacy of the bait station with respect to fly mortality was found to be linked to the accessibility of the bait, and direct application of Synéis-appât on the bait station was found to be the most efficient. In the field, B. cucurbitae were more attracted to the local bait station than to the umbrella trap, while the two other fly species displayed equal attraction to both trap types. Our local bait station is a useful alternative to spot sprays of Synéis-appât and is now included in a local pest management program and is well accepted by farmers. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Entomological Society of America.

  18. A Crisis of Missed Opportunities?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gabriel, Stuart; Iacoviello, Matteo; Lutz, Chandler

    This paper investigates the housing and broader economic effects of the 2000s crisis-period California Foreclosure Prevention Laws (CFPLs). The CFPLs encouraged lenders to modify mortgage loans by increasing the required time and pecuniary costs of foreclosure. We find that the CFPLs prevented 380...

  19. A Crisis of Missed Opportunities?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gabriel, Stuart; Iacoviello, Matteo M.; Lutz, Chandler

    This paper investigates the housing and broader economic effects of the 2000s crisis-period California Foreclosure Prevention Laws (CFPLs). The CFPLs encouraged lenders to modify mortgage loans by increasing the required time and pecuniary costs of foreclosure. Using the Synthetic Control...

  20. Action needed on refugee crisis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Swing, William Lacy

    2016-01-01

    ... perished on Mediterranean routes just through the first four months of this year. We have said throughout this crisis that it's inadequate to count the casualties. We also must insist on action: saving lives, demanding a cessation of hostilities and creating a coordinated humanitarian response to this continuing tragedy. William Lacy Swing, Geneva...

  1. Hypertensive crisis secondary to pheochromocytoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenleaf, Christopher E; Griffin, Laura A; Shake, Jay G; Orr, Wayne S

    2017-07-01

    Pheochromocytoma is an uncommon tumor of the adrenal glands that can present with headaches, sweating, palpitations, and paroxysmal hypertension. Pheochromocytoma crisis can lead to cardiomyopathy, pulmonary edema, and even total circulatory collapse. We describe a patient with hypoxic respiratory failure requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to stabilize until the pheochromocytoma was discovered and treated.

  2. Addressing the world water crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    The world is facing an impinging crisis on water as population growth continues, energy use increases, and affluence (standard of living) increases all requiring more water. Agriculture must find ways to use water more productively while improving the impact of agriculture on the environment. Agri...

  3. Intelligent Systems for Crisis Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zlatanova, S.; Peters, R; Dilo, Arta; Scholten, Johan; Unknown, [Unknown

    2012-01-01

    There have been major advances in technologies to support crisis response in the last few years. However, many aspects related to the efficient collection and integration of geo-information, applied semantics and situation awareness for disaster management are still open. To advance the systems and

  4. The Crisis in Extramural Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Joel

    2011-01-01

    When "crisis" and "extramural funding" are mentioned, most academics think about problems such as the low percentage of proposals funded by federal agencies (now approaching single digits in many fields) or inadequate indirect-cost recovery rates that fail to reimburse universities for all costs of research. These are great problems draining…

  5. Hungry Kids: The Solvable Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felling, Christy

    2013-01-01

    The numbers speak for themselves in terms of the crisis of hunger among kids in the United States: More than 16 million children--one in five--live in households that struggle to put food on the table. Nearly half of all food stamp recipients are children. But, argues Felling, the battle against childhood hunger can be won; the United States has…

  6. Vygotsky's Crisis: Argument, context, relevance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyman, Ludmila

    2012-06-01

    Vygotsky's The Historical Significance of the Crisis in Psychology (1926-1927) is an important text in the history and philosophy of psychology that has only become available to scholars in 1982 in Russian, and in 1997 in English. The goal of this paper is to introduce Vygotsky's conception of psychology to a wider audience. I argue that Vygotsky's argument about the "crisis" in psychology and its resolution can be fully understood only in the context of his social and political thinking. Vygotsky shared the enthusiasm, widespread among Russian leftist intelligentsia in the 1920s, that Soviet society had launched an unprecedented social experiment: The socialist revolution opened the way for establishing social conditions that would let the individual flourish. For Vygotsky, this meant that "a new man" of the future would become "the first and only species in biology that would create itself." He envisioned psychology as a science that would serve this humanist teleology. I propose that The Crisis is relevant today insofar as it helps us define a fundamental problem: How can we systematically account for the development of knowledge in psychology? I evaluate how Vygotsky addresses this problem as a historian of the crisis. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Job Quality in the Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leschke, Janine; Watt, Andrew; Finn, Mairéad

    -time and fixed-term contracts and/or in the extent to which workers reported that they were working in such jobs involuntarily. Moreover, the numbers of workers who are afraid to lose their job have increased markedly which are clear signs of the declining bargaining power of labour brought on by the crisis....

  8. International organizations and crisis management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olsson, E.-K.; Verbeek, J.A.

    2013-01-01

    In times of crisis, international organizations (IOs) are often called upon for help. Such crises may have both domestic and transnational features. In 2012 the domestic revolt in Syria, which had started the previous year, escalated and the United Nations (UN) was asked to help work towards a

  9. Geographies of the financial crisis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, M.

    2009-01-01

    Real estate is, by definition, local as it is spatially fixed. Mortgage lending, however, has developed from a local to a national market and is increasingly a global market today. An understanding of the financial crisis is ultimately a spatialised understanding of the linkages between local and

  10. Temperature variability and trend estimates at tropopause and UT-LS over a subtropical site: Reunion (20.8_ S, 55.5_ E)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    B`egue, N

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available and the ROZA project on the FRROI (Fe´de´ration de Recherche Re´union – Oce´an Indien) programme of Reunion Island University. Co-authors are5 grateful to the LACy/OPAR radiosounding team (especially to Franc¸oise Posny and Jean-Marc Metzger... of the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Southern Oscilla-20 tion, Journal of Meteorological Society of Japan, 81(1), 169–177, 2002. Bencherif, H., Portafaix, T., Baray, J. L., Morel, B., Baldy, S., Leveau,J., Moorgawa, A., Michaelis, M. M., Hauchecorne, A., Keckhut...

  11. 10-year statistical study of double stratopause structure as observed by lidar over a southern sub-tropical site, Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Sivakumar, V

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available A 10-year statistical study of double stratopause structure as observed by LiDAR over a southern sub-tropical site, Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E) V. SIVAKUMAR*, D. Faduilhe and H. Bencherif Laboratoire de l’Atmosphère et des Cyclones, CNRS... of the middle atmosphere temperature profiles, occurrence of double stratopause structure in the height region from 40 km to 60 km. Using ~10 years of Raleigh lidar measurements from a southern sub-tropical station, Reunion (21°S, 55°E), the characteristics...

  12. Crisis of Youth or Youth in Crisis? Education, Employment and Legitimation Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Robin; Smyth, John

    2016-01-01

    This paper uses the Habermasian concept of legitimation crisis to critique the relationship between post-compulsory education and training and the chronic levels of youth unemployment and under-employment which now characterise post-industrial Western economies, such as the UK. It draws on data from an ethnographic study of the lives of young…

  13. [The crisis of medicine or the antimedicine crisis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foucault, M

    1976-01-01

    In this lecture, Professor Michel Foucault makes an in-depth study of the problems currently afflicting medical institutions and the medical practice. He deals with the thesis set forth by Ivan Illich in his book Medical Nemesis--The expropriation of Health, as well as the 1942 Beveridge Plan, but goes even further back in history to discover the origin of the medical crisis common throughout the world--back to the XVIII century roots of the social practice of medicine. He also describes the phases through which medical activity has passed from then until now and deals with what he calls the political economy of medicine. Finally, he reaches the conclusion that what matters is not so much the present crisis of medicine, which he considers to be a false concept, but the discipline's historical model dating from the XVIII century and serving to determine to what extent it can be modified.

  14. Crisis? What crisis? Anatomy of the regulatory failure in finance

    OpenAIRE

    Vestergaard, Jakob

    2008-01-01

    Despite the global financial crisis and the prospect of severe economic recession, debates on future financial regulation take little if any notice of reasons why the previous regime of financial regulation failed so spectacularly. The paper identifies the key presumptions underlying efforts to strengthen the 'international financial architecture' (IFA) over the past decade. At the core of the IFA is a set of standards of 'best practice' and the assumption that 'market dis-cipline' rewards an...

  15. Expanding the clinical spectrum of B4GALT7 deficiency: homozygous p.R270C mutation with founder effect causes Larsen of Reunion Island syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartault, François; Munier, Patrick; Jacquemont, Marie-Line; Vellayoudom, Jeannine; Doray, Bérénice; Payet, Christine; Randrianaivo, Hanitra; Laville, Jean-Marc; Munnich, Arnold; Cormier-Daire, Valérie

    2015-01-01

    First described as a variant of Larsen syndrome in Reunion Island (LRS) in the southern Indian Ocean, ‘Larsen of Reunion Island syndrome' is characterized by dwarfism, hyperlaxity, multiple dislocations and distinctive facial features. It overlaps with Desbuquois dysplasia, Larsen syndrome and spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia with dislocations ascribed to CANT1, FLNB and CHST3 mutations, respectively. We collected the samples of 22 LRS cases. After exclusion of CANT1, FLNB and CHST3 genes, an exome sequencing was performed in two affected second cousins and one unaffected sister. We identified a homozygous missense mutation in B4GALT7, NM_007255.2: c.808C>T p.(Arg270Cys) named p.R270C, in the two affected cases, not present in the unaffected sister. The same homozygous mutation was subsequently identified in the remaining 20 LRS cases. Our findings demonstrate that B4GALT7 is the causative gene for LRS. The identification of a unique homozygous mutation argues in favor of a founder effect. B4GALT7 encodes a galactosyltransferase, required for the initiation of glycoaminoglycan side chain synthesis of proteoglycans. This study expands the phenotypic spectrum of B4GALT7 mutations, initially described as responsible for the progeroid variant of Ehlers–Danlos syndrome. It further supports a common physiopathological basis involving proteoglycan synthesis in skeletal disorders with dislocations. PMID:24755949

  16. Risk Factors of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase Producing Enterobacteriaceae Occurrence in Farms in Reunion, Madagascar and Mayotte Islands, 2016-2017.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gay, Noellie; Leclaire, Alexandre; Laval, Morgane; Miltgen, Guillaume; Jégo, Maël; Stéphane, Ramin; Jaubert, Julien; Belmonte, Olivier; Cardinale, Eric

    2018-02-23

    In South Western Indian ocean (IO), Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) are a main public health issue. In livestock, ESBL-E burden was unknown. The aim of this study was estimating the prevalence of ESBL-E on commercial farms in Reunion, Mayotte and Madagascar and genes involved. Secondly, risk factors of ESBL-E occurrence in broiler, beef cattle and pig farms were explored. In 2016-2017, commercial farms were sampled using boot swabs and samples stored at 4 °C before microbiological analysis for phenotypical ESBL-E and gene characterization. A dichotomous questionnaire was performed. Prevalences observed in all production types and territories were high, except for beef cattle in Reunion, which differed significantly. The most common ESBL gene was bla CTX-M-1 . Generalized linear models explaining ESBL-E occurrence varied between livestock production sectors and allowed identifying main protective (e.g., water quality control and detergent use for cleaning) and risk factors (e.g., recent antibiotic use, other farmers visiting the exploitation, pet presence). This study is the first to explore tools for antibiotic resistance management in IO farms. It provides interesting hypothesis to explore about antibiotic use in IO territories and ESBL-E transmission between pig, beef cattle and humans in Madagascar.

  17. [Discovery and follow-up of a lead-poisoning outbreak in a shantytown of Le Port, Reunion Island].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solet, J-L; Renault, P; Denys, J-C; Teulé, G; Dennemont, R-M; Domonte, F; Garnier, C; Aubert, L; Filleul, L; Polycarpe, D

    2013-08-01

    A national survey conducted in 2008-2009 by the French Institute for Public Health Surveillance for detection of lead impact in childhood identified a high blood lead level in a young boy living in the town of "Le Port", Reunion Island. Previously, cases of lead-poisoning on the island had been exceptional; only a dozen cases were reported in the 1980s in adults, related to the use of lead-containing instruments for food preparations. The family of the index case was invited to participate in screening tests and an environmental investigation was conducted using a standardized questionnaire. Screening was then broadened to the neighborhood of the index case and samples of soil outside the home and in the immediate vicinity were taken. The environmental survey was then extended with soil samples taken from the entire geographical area. Information was then provided to local inhabitants (87 families and 287 people) in order to encourage lead blood testing for all children under six years and all pregnant women living in the area. The index case lived in the neighborhood of "The Oasis", a shantytown of Le Port. The results of soil analysis revealed heterogeneous pollution of superficial soils by lead throughout the area of the shantytown, the highest level recorded (5200mg/kg) reached more than 300 times the background level of the natural soils of the island. The screening identified 76 cases of childhood lead-poisoning (blood lead level greater or equal to 100μg/L) among 148 samples (51%). All cases of blood poisoning involved children under the age of 15 years. The median age of children with a positive test was 5.6 years; the median blood lead level was 196μg/L [102-392μg/L]. The main hypothesis to explain the contamination of the soil in the area of the shantytown is the presence of waste deposits (car batteries) and diffuse activities of metal recovery. The authorities managed to remove all the families from the environmental exposure to lead by

  18. Variability of carbonaceous aerosols, ozone and radon at Piton Textor, a mountain site on Reunion island (southwestern Indian Ocean)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhugwant, C.; Riviere, E.; Leveau, J. [Univ. de la La Reunion, Saint Denis (France). Lab. de Physique de l' Atmosphere; Keckhut, P. [CNRS, Verrieres-Le-Buisson (France). Service d' Aeronomie

    2001-11-01

    Black carbon (BC) was monitored during 1997-1999 in the lower troposphere of the southern Indian Ocean at La Reunion island (21.5 deg S, 55.5 deg E). BC concentrations obtained at Piton Textor, an altitude site (2150 m) representative of free troposphere, exhibited diurnal patterns and concentrations different from urban locations on the island, with maximum concentrations observed at daytime ({approx} 50-150 ng/m{sup 3}) and minimum levels ({approx} 10-70 ng/m{sup 3}) at night-time. BC diurnal variation is anti-correlated with diurnal ozone measured semi-continuously in parallel during 1998-1999, suggesting possible interaction of ozone and precursors (NO{sub x}, VOC, etc.) on carbonaceous aerosols, especially at night-time. Daytime BC enhancement may be explained by dynamical processes, due to up draught of air masses from lower levels to the troposphere, while at night-time, this process is reversed. Daytime ozone depletion is governed by photochemical processes, due to low precursor levels, while night-time ozone recovery is mainly driven by dynamical processes from upper tropospheric layers. Night-time BC and ozone in the lower troposphere show a marked seasonal pattern too, with minimum levels during austral summer ({approx} 15 ng/m{sup 3}, 22 ppbv), secondary peaks in autumn and spring ({approx} 35 ng/m{sup 3}, 36 ppbv) and maximum values during austral winter ({approx} 70 ng/m{sup 3}, 41 ppbv) respectively. Night-time BC and ozone seasonalities are concordant with night-time radon seasonal trend in the lower troposphere, indicating that sampled air masses have mainly a marine origin in summer, off the African biomass burning season, and a continental origin in austral winter and spring. Winter and spring BC and ozone enhancement corroborate with fire-count maximum peaks observed over Africa and Madagascar, suggesting that the main cause is combustion products long-range transported in stable layers evidenced by thermodynamic analysis using 1996-1999 PTU

  19. Horn of Africa food crisis

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    YOU ARE WONDERFUL, THANK YOU! As we have indicated previously, the Horn of Africa is experiencing an extremely severe food crisis as a result of one of the toughest droughts since the early 1950s. A total of over 12 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda are severely affected by this devastating crisis and the UN has officially declared famine in these regions. In addition, children are the most vulnerable victims, with more than half a million children at risk of imminent death from severe malnutrition and an estimated 2.3 million children already malnourished. At the beginning of August we opened an account to receive your donations. We are pleased to announce that the funds received are 30’500 CHF, the total sum of which will be transferred to UNICEF. We would like to thank all those who have contributed to this important cause. Rolf Heuer Director-General Michel Goossens President of the Staff Association

  20. Alitalia's Crisis in the Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Romenti, Stefania; Valentini, Chiara

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this investigation is to explore Alitalia and the Italian Government’s crisis response strategies (CRSs) implemented in three specific periods of 2008 to understand Alitalia and the Italian Government’s approach in communicating with media stakeholders as well as to examine...... how main Italian and international newspapers framed Alitalia’s CRSs. Design/methodology/approach – This study adopts a content analysis approach to evaluate CRSs used by Alitalia and the Italian Government in their official press releases then reported by the main Italian and international newspapers...... and the Italian Government. Research limitations/implications – The findings confirm previous investigations on the importance of applying a context-oriented approach in crisis communication management, but they also underline the importance of media relations management. Originality/value – This study extends...

  1. Basics of theory of ecological crisis management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stajić Ljubomir

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, it is clear that environmental accidents and processes represent, not only potential but also real causes of crises on which states must be aware of. The formation of the ecological crisis is growing exponentially, along with their consequences. The problem with the environmental crisisis lies not in the fact that they exist, but how we treat them. Exploring the causes of the crisis requires an interdisciplinary approach. At the micro level, this approach focuses on the role of individuals. At the middle level of research, focus is on organizational factors and processes that may play important role in causing the crisis. Macro level of approach lists possible causes that seem to make the crisis more or less inevitable and unavoidable features of the modern world. The crisis is also characterized by negative effects (perturbations, deregulation, conflict, confused action, intense stress, which leads to reckless actions and positive effects (mobilization, solidarity, cooperation, improved adaptation to the environment, experiential learning. Furthermore, ecological crisis represents an emergency situation whose beginning and duration are not predetermined. Anti-crisis measures have failed mainly because of the numerous factors influencing on one hand, on a complexity of the crisis and, on the other hand, because of its continuously changing factors throughout the duration of the crisis. Managing ecological crisis occurs, therefore, as a permanently professional inventive and complicated process which aims to prevent the escalation of the crisis, as well as the elimination of the expected and actual negative consequences of the crisis. Mismanagement of such crisis drains system resources, interferes with its function and organization, impacts on the financial opportunities while achieving positive goals. Extreme mismanagement can lead to the entropy of the system itself. The purpose of this paper is to elaborate basic facts of managing

  2. ECONOMIC CRISIS SUSTAINS BLACK MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dicoi Daniel -Ioan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to bring out the fact that during the periods of economic crisis, the black market finds a warm place to develop and even to diversify the ways of expressing. Based on some data of the National Institute of Statistics and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD1 , I’m trying to prove the fact that during the last two years while the world economic crisis has occurred, the black market has been increasing and there have been new forms of expressing this phenomenon. Although there are some positive ways of this phenomenon, on the whole, the increasing of the black market percent of GDP represents a wound within a healthy economy, which if it cannot be stopped at least to be reduced. This work intends to make radiography of the present economic society, a period of economic crisis, during which the black market has found a warm place to express and extend, in most of the countries, including the developed ones, this phenomenon has reached alarming limits.

  3. Capsaicin and arterial hypertensive crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patanè, Salvatore; Marte, Filippo; La Rosa, Felice Carmelo; La Rocca, Roberto

    2010-10-08

    Chili peppers are rich in capsaicin. The potent vasodilator calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is stored in a population of C-fiber afferents that are sensitive to capsaicin. CGRP and peptides released from cardiac C fibers have a beneficial effect in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. It has been reported that capsaicin pretreatment can deplete cardiac C-fiber peptide stores. Furthermore, it has also been reported that capsaicin-treated pigs have significantly increased mean arterial blood pressure compared with controls, and that the decrease in CGRP synthesis and release contributes to the elevated blood pressure. A case has also been reported of an arterial hypertensive crisis in a patient with a large ingestion of peppers and chili peppers the day before. We present a case of an arterial hypertensive crisis in a 19-year-old Italian man with an abundant ingestion of peppers and of chili peppers the preceding day. This case describes an unusual pattern of arterial hypertensive crisis due to capsaicin. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Guide of Hypertensive Crisis Pharmacotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wani-Parekh, Priyanka; Blanco-Garcia, Carlos; Mendez, Melissa; Mukherjee, Debabrata

    2017-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the number one cause of death globally compared to any other cause. CVD accounts for approximately 17.3 million deaths per year and are rising. Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Approximately, 80 million people suffer from hypertension in the U.S. While, majority of these individuals are on antihypertensive medications only 54% of individuals with hypertension are optimally controlled. Heart failure and stroke are some of the devastating complications of uncontrolled hypertension. Hypertensive crisis can be classified as either an urgency or emergency; difference between the two is the presence of end organ damage, which is noted in hypertensive emergency. Hypertensive crisis is usually treated by parenteral antihypertensive medications. The main drug classes of drugs for treatment are nitrates, calcium channel blockers, dopamine-1 agonists, adrenergic-blocking agents etc. In this review, we discuss approach to management of hypertensive crisis and each drug class with its physiology and complications. Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.org.

  5. La crisis económica en España : la crisis del sistema bancario

    OpenAIRE

    Pachón Gallegos, Ana Luna

    2014-01-01

    El trabajo profundiza en los factores determinantes que favorecieron la aparición de la crisis economica en España, haciendo una especial mención al desarrollo de dicha crisis en el sistema bancario nacional.

  6. France «Crisis Diplomacy» in the Middle East (Lebanese Crisis Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Hassan Ahmad Mekdashe

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to French crisis diplomacy in the Middle East during the civil war in Lebanon. It focuses on Paris activities aimed at settlement of the Lebanese crisis and achievement regional peace and stability.

  7. Time-series of biomass burning products from ground-based FTIR measurements at Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E) and comparisons with the CTM IMAGES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigouroux, Corinne; de Mazière, Martine; Dils, Bart; Müller, Jean-François; Senten, Cindy; Stavrakou, Trissevgeni; Vanhaelewyn, Gauthier; Fally, Sophie; Duflot, Valentin; Baray, Jean-Luc

    2010-05-01

    Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E) is part of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC), a network dedicated to performing high-quality long-term ground-based observations of atmospheric trace gases at globally distributed sites. Up to now, only a few NDACC stations are located in the Southern Hemisphere, and particularly very few at tropical and subtropical latitudes. Furthermore, Reunion Island is situated in the Indian Ocean, at 2000 km from southeast Africa and at only 700 km from Madagascar. It is therefore a good location to study the transport of biomass burning products from these regions to Reunion Island. Ground-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar absorption observations are sensitive to a large number of biomass burning products. At present, we have a record of such FTIR observations at Reunion Island from three measurement campaigns, namely in October 2002, from August to October 2004, and from May to October 2007, and from continuous observations that started in May 2009. The measurements in 2007 and 2009-2010 allow the observation of seasonal variability. In this work, we present retrieved time-series of several biomass burning products such as C2H2, C2H6 and HCN. These ground-based data are compared to the CTM IMAGES. The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART is used to explain the day-to-day variability of these species by the transport pathways.

  8. Germany; Technical Note on Crisis Management Arrangements

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses Germany’s challenges and measures to strengthen crisis management arrangements. Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin) and the Bundesbank have closely coordinated with the interagency risk committee on banking matters, which also encompasses BaFin representatives for all three financial sectors. The Bundesbank maintains an internal crisis committee and a steering committee. The crisis committee is chaired by a board member and combines expertise from vari...

  9. Mobilization of the south against food crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Delcourt

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available “Creemos que a esta crisis alimentaria hay que darle un nombre más exacto. Todavía no damos con ese nombre. Pero no es una crisis de alimentos,es una crisis de valores en las empresas transnacionales, en los gobiernos y en la cooperación internacional”, Sinforiano Cáceres, presidente de la Federación nacional de cooperativas, Nicaragua (Envío, 2008.

  10. Some Aspects of Contemporary Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Privara, Samuel

    2010-01-01

    Global financial crisis which started in 2007, however, with deeper roots back in past, have influenced the whole world and life of almost everyone. The thesis deals with origins and causes of the crisis, describes not all, but its most important aspects, proposes possible remedies of the factors which contributed significantly either to the emergence or to its development. Some consequences of the respective crisis phenomena are discussed as well. There has been a significant number of probl...

  11. Myasthenic crisis: report of 24 cases

    OpenAIRE

    Werneck, Lineu Cesar; Scola, Rosana Herminia; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Comerlato, Enio A.; Cunha, Francisco Marcos Bezerra

    2002-01-01

    Myasthenic crisis (MC) is a life-threatening complication of myasthenia gravis (MG) with a high mortality rate. The aim of our study was to review the different therapeutics approaches in the treatment of MC and their impact in the final outcome. We reviewed the medical files of patients diagnosed with MG admitted between February 1993 and October 1997, who developed MC. Sex, mean age, disease's duration, functional scale, symptoms preceding the crisis, crisis therapy in each set and mortalit...

  12. An Analysis on Crisis Origin of Woman with Depression : Through the Crisis Intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Tsuda, Noriko

    1997-01-01

    Crisis intervention is human action, and it is important for the contributions not only to preventive psychiatry or primary health care, but also to people with chronic problems such as recurrent depression who are more vulneable to crisis. Purpose of this paper was to describe based on the case of a woman with depression and analyze the case of crisis situations using Hoff's crisis origin model, such as situational origin, transition state origin, and cultural/social-structural origin of cri...

  13. The Crisis of Journalism as the Crisis of Ethics: Who is the Journalistic Subject?

    OpenAIRE

    Poler Kovačić, Melita

    2001-01-01

    Trends in the development of journalism indicate the theoretical and practical level of the identity crisis of contemporary journalism. We note that the key elements of the profession, especially its autonomy and ethics, are in crisis. Our thesis is that the crisis of journalism is, first of all, the crisis of the journalist as a subject. In the “normative” model of quality journalism, the journalist takes the place of the (professionally competent) source of the communication ...

  14. Crisis Management- Operational Logistics & Asset Visibility Technologies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Braunbeck, Richard A; Mastria, Michael F

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this MBA Project was to identify and explore logistical frameworks that leverage technology to overcome problems associated with coordinated logistics operations during crisis management...

  15. CRISIS Y REESTRUCTURACIÓN EMPRESARIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Inchicaqui, Miguel Nicolás; Facultad de Ciencias Contables, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

    2014-01-01

    En nuestro país todos los días enfrentamos, frecuentemente, crisis de diversas índoles, tales como: la crisis política, social, moral,jurídico, natural y económica. En este ambiente de crisis las empresas peruanas no han evolucionado ni financiera ni económicamente y menos han alcanzado niveles competitivos para incursionar en los mercados externos; por el contrario, estas crisis han incrementado los riesgos en los negocios que los han afectado a través de varias décadas y los han conducido p...

  16. Crisis interventions in online psychological counseling

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    da Silva, Juliana Amaral Medeiros; Siegmund, Gerson; Bredemeier, Juliana

    2015-01-01

    .... Psychological crises, such as suicide attempts, represent a growing problem in mental health. When faced with such scenarios, specific strategies of crisis intervention are both appropriate and necessary...

  17. Why there is no crisis of the "spin crisis"

    CERN Document Server

    Bradamante, F

    2016-01-01

    In a recent eprint [1] it is argued that the experimental determinations of the spin-dependent structure function g1 have been done incorrectly and that a reanalysis of those data suggests that the original motivation to argue fora "spin crisis", namely the small contribution of quark spins to the nucleon spin, is invalid. In a subsequent note [2] the theoretical understanding, as it has evolved from almost 30 years of theoretical and experimental scrutiny, has been shortly summarised. In this short note, arguments are presented that the line of reasoning in Ref. [1] does not apply, at least not for the Compass data.

  18. The Roman Empire - The Third Century Crisis and Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ouggs<IIC>n$ !Or reduOng one bu"*>, 10 11\\e Oepartrneni of Defensa , ~ $<~MOB Qin!dDnile (0704-(HOO)_ R--nts oho<li<J 1>e -are INII ~ eny olher prv...THIS PAGE ABSTRACT Unclass Unclass Unclass uu 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 30 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Marine Corps University/Command...change and initiatives. Short term solutions, for immediate and personal gains negated any attempt at long term and viable crisis solutions

  19. Talking about a Crisis - Italian Bloggers' Perceptions of Alitalia's Crisis Responses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara; Romenti, Stefania

    In this study we intend to examine the way in which bloggers and blog readers framed a company performance during a crisis, but looking at the most discussed crisis's themes, at the sources of their statements and at their evaluations. To facilitate that, we focused on a specific crisis case...

  20. School-Based Crisis Intervention: Its Effectiveness and Role in Broader Crisis Intervention Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Julie; Russo, Charles J.; Ilg, Timothy J.

    2006-01-01

    Crisis in the context of a school has many unique features related to the social structure and sense of community within schools. A school crisis exposes children and staff to threat, loss, and trauma that undermine the safety and stability of the entire school. Crisis intervention has as its explicit aim the goal of providing immediate support to…

  1. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veterans Crisis Line Skip to Main Content SuicidePreventionLifeline.org Get Help Materials Get Involved Crisis Centers About Be There ... see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Veterans Crisis Line -- After the Call see more videos from ...

  2. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... About About the Veterans Crisis Line FAQs Veteran Suicide Spread the Word Videos Homeless Resources Additional Information ... About About the Veterans Crisis Line FAQs Veteran Suicide The Veterans Crisis Line text-messaging service does ...

  3. El Raval en crisis, la crisis del Raval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergi Martinez-Rigol

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Hablar sobre la crisis del Raval es hacer referencia al hecho que, desde como mínimo la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, éste ha sido un barrio asociado constantemente a la crisis. Esta asociación ha significado la construcción, a través de diversos medios de comunicación o de textos, de una imagen y un discurso que han sobreexpuesto unas partes de la realidad del barrio, mientras que otras han sido escondidas, subexpuestas o ignoradas. Además, esta sobreexposición ha coincidido normalmente con la creación de una necesidad de intervención, sobre todo urbanística. Pero el proyecto urbano, basado en la intervención arquitectónica, intervención sobre la piedra, no ha cambiado las dinámicas sociales. Este ha sido, también, el gran fracaso en el Raval.

  4. Fiscal Policy: Lessons from the Global Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neven Mates

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The global crisis interacted heavily with fiscal policy in the run-up to the crisis, during the crisis and now in the recovery phase. Contrary to the general consensus, the paper argues that in the run-up to the crisis, fiscal policy in the advanced economies and China substantially contributed to the propagation of the global imbalances, while at the same time it reduced the fiscal space that was available to the advanced countries when the crisis occurred. On the policy response during the crisis, the paper suggests that the discretionary relaxation was a mixed blessing at best: appropriate to some extent in countries that entered the crisis with solid fiscal and current account positions, but much less, if at all, in other countries, particularly those that faced problems of public debt sustainability. Even letting the automatic stabilizers operate fully was not an option for countries in a weak fiscal position, particularly in light of the substantial downward revisions in the potential GDP level and growth rates. Looking ahead, the large deterioration in the public debt ratios resulting from the crisis will slow down output growth in the advanced economies, while also requiring painful fiscal adjustment. Emerging market economies, in general, did better in the crisis than the advanced economies, but in most of the post-transition European economies, the effects of the crisis were amplified by the pronounced external imbalances at the outset of the crisis. A majority of European post-transition countries will, therefore, also face substantial fiscal challenges in the period ahead.

  5. What can we learn about the history of oceanic shield volcanoes from deep marine sediments? Example from La Reunion volcanoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachelery, Patrick; Babonneau, Nathalie; Jorry, Stephan; Mazuel, Aude

    2014-05-01

    The discovery in 2006, during the oceanographic survey FOREVER, of large volcaniclastic sedimentary systems off La Réunion Island (western Indian ocean) revealed a new image of the evolution of oceanic shield volcanoes and their dismantling. Marine data obtained from 2006 to 2011 during the oceanographic surveys ERODER 1 to ERODER 4 included bathymetry, acoustic imagery, echosounding profiles, dredging and coring. Six major turbidite systems were mapped and described on the submarine flanks of La Reunion volcanic edifice and the surrounding oceanic plate. The interpretation of sediment cores enable us to characterise the processes of gravity-driven sediment transfer from land to deep sea and also to revisit the history of the volcanoes of La Réunion Island. Turbidite systems constitute a major component of the transfer of volcanic materials to the abyssal plain (Saint-Ange et al., 2011; 2013; Sisavath et al., 2011; 2012; Babonneau et al., 2013). These systems are superimposed on other dismantling processes (slow deformation such as gravity sliding or spreading, and huge landslides causing debris avalanches). Turbidite systems mainly develop in connection with the hydrographic network of the island, and especially at the mouths of large rivers. They show varying degrees of maturity, with canyons incising the submarine slope of the island and feeding depositional areas, channels and lobes extending over 150 km from the coast. The cores collected in turbidite systems show successions of thin and thick turbidites alternating with hemipelagic sedimentation. Sedimentological and stratigraphic analysis of sediment cores yielded a chronology of submarine gravity events. First-order information was obtained on the explosive activity of these volcanoes by identifying tephra layers in the cores (glass shards and pumice). In addition, major events of the volcanic and tectonic history of the island can be identified and dated. In this contribution, we focus most attention on

  6. [Hypertensive crisis: pathogenesis, clinic, treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vertkin, A L; Topolianskiĭ, A V; Abdullaeva, A U; Alekseev, M A; Shakhmanaev, Kh A

    2013-01-01

    Contemporary data on mechanisms of development, types, and clinical picture of hypertensive crisis (HC) are presented. Algorithms of rational therapy of uncomplicated and complicated HC are considered. Appropriateness of the use in HC of antihypertensive drugs with multifactorial action is stressed. These drugs include urapidil - an antihypertensive agent with complex mechanism of action. Blocking mainly the postsynaptic 1-adrenoreceptors urapidil attenuates vasoconstrictor effect of catecholamines and decreases total peripheral resistance. Stimulation of 5HT1-receptors of medullary vasculomotor center promotes lowering of elevated vascular tone and prevents development of reflex tachycardia.

  7. Improving decision making in crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Guy; Freedman, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The most critical activity during emergencies or crises is making decisions about what to do next. This paper provides insights into the challenges that people face in making decisions at any time, but particularly during emergencies and crises. It also introduces the reader to the concept of different sense-making/decision-making domains, the human behaviours that can adversely affect decision making - decision derailers - and ways in which emergency responders can leverage this knowledge to make better decisions. While the literature on decision making is extensive, this paper is focused on those aspects that apply particularly to decision making in emergencies or times of crisis.

  8. Crisis de angustia y agorafobia

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandez Raone, Martina; Zanassi, Sergio

    2015-01-01

    Las manifestaciones clínicas actuales de la angustia constituyen una problemática vigente en el psicoanálisis de orientación freudo-lacaniana. Las crisis de angustia, llamadas actualmente “ataques de pánico” por la psiquiatría, y las posibles expresiones psicopatológicas concomitantes (entre ellas, la agorafobia), exigen elucidaciones en el campo de la clínica y su inherente articulación teórica a fin de determinar su origen causal y la estructura del fenómeno.

  9. The banking crisis 1929 -1933

    OpenAIRE

    Strnadová, Petra

    2016-01-01

    The issue of banking crises is of a significant importance due to their impact on the economic situation and having revealed the main causes of a bank distress, it should be possible to avoid some of them in the future by taking appropriate measures. The banking crisis during the Great Depression belongs to the biggest crises in the history and provides a great opportunity to properly examine the behaviour of U.S. banks. Therefore, the aim of my thesis is to identify the key moments of the ba...

  10. Danish Cartoon Crisis/Controversy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hervik, Peter

    2017-01-01

    The Danish Cartoon Crisis Controversy is one of several terms that refer to the turmoil that associates with the Danish newspaper Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten’s publication of 12 cartoons on 30 September 2005. “The Muhammad Cartoon Crisis” is an alternative heading used for the violent global...... reactions that broke out in early 2006 as localized reactions to stories about the publication of the cartoons, the Danish government’s denial of dialogue, and two delegations of Muslims travelling from Denmark to the Middle East to rally for political, moral, and religious support....

  11. Crisis Response Strategy and Crisis Types Suitability: A Preliminary Study on MH370

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamad Ashari Noratikah; Abang Ahmad Dayang Aizza Maisha; Samani Mus Chairil

    2017-01-01

    In time of crisis, the organisation’s tactic in responding to the crisis according to its type/s may significantly affect the organisation’s effort to survive its reputational damages. The study of crisis response strategy (CRS) requires further exploration within the Malaysian context, moreso with the greater and apparent use of social media as a platform for the organisation in crisis to reach out to its stakeholders. This preliminary paper studies the MH370 crisis in light of Coombs [1] Si...

  12. Participación chilena en reuniones IADR mundiales, 2001-2012 Chilean participation in IADR general sessions, 2001-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Cartes-Velásquez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las reuniones mundiales de la International Association for Dental Research (IADR representan una de las instancias más importantes para la divulgación de las investigaciones odontológicas a nivel de congresos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es caracterizar la participación de investigadores de instituciones chilenas en reuniones IADR mundiales durante el período 2001-2012. Metodología: Estudio bibliométrico, la búsqueda se realizó en la plataforma web Conference Exchange™ para IADR, para las reuniones mundiales de 2001 a 2012 y el término libre "Chile", incluyendo todas las presentaciones con al menos un autor afiliado a una institución chilena; se consideraron las variables: Reunión, autor, institución, cooperación internacional y área temática. Resultados: Se hallaron 158 presentaciones, promedio de 13.2 (15.3 anuales, con participación de 1 a 6 autores en el 87.3%; la mayor participación corresponde a la Universidad de Chile (43%, seguida por las Universidades de Talca (15.8%, Finis Terrae (11.4% y de los Andes (10.8%; según área temática destaca Periodoncia (13.9%, Cariología (12.7% y Epidemiología (12.7%; 26% de las presentaciones tenía participación de instituciones extranjeras. Discusión: Los presentes resultados van en línea con reportes bibliométricos recientes en el área, aunque destaca la aparición de 2 universidades privadas en los primeros lugares. La valoración de la participación en las reuniones IADR mundiales representa un indicador valioso de la producción científica de la odontología chilena, que complementa las evaluaciones bibliométricas de publicaciones ISI, permitiendo una mejor comprensión de la generación de conocimiento en el área.Introduction: International Association for Dental Research (IADR general session is one of the most important annual congress in the dental and craniofacial field. The aim of this research is to characterize the participation of

  13. Keynes and economic crisis: some reconsiderations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoljub Stojanov

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we read Keynes’s “General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money” from the point of view of the main causes of the economic crisis in general and particularly the present world economic crisis. We compare Keynes’s approach to the crisis with the work of contemporary distinguished economists. We conclude that a drop of marginal efficiency of capital is the main cause of the economic crisis and depression, and that such a drop is an unavoidable consequence of functioning of a market capitalist economy. Such a view differs significantly from the deliberations of many economists who hold insufficient demand as the main cause of the crisis. We think that insufficient demand appears on the surface as a cause of the crisis. However, insufficient demand is just a consequence of a previously overheated economy faced with the drop of MEC. Consequently, a crisis cannot be prevented by expansive financial policy. Therefore it should come as a surprise that Keynes in the last year of his life retreated from his ideas expressed in “General Theory” and declared himself as not Keynesian any more (Hutchison, 1981.We think that major systemic, institutional as well as structural changes need to be taken in majority of developed economies in order to cope efficiently with present and future crisis.

  14. The Weimar Triangle and The Ukrainian Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Romer

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the activity of Weimar Triangle (Germany, France, Poland during Ukrainian crisis (2013-2014 as an efficient, but still largely underestimated negotiation force of the European Union. The evolution of role of Weimar Triangle in post-bipolar era is indicated, as well as the role of this specific structure during Ukrainian crisis.

  15. Zimbabwe's Exodus: Crisis, Migration, Survival | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    Zimbabwe's Exodus: Crisis, Migration, Survival. Book cover Zimbabwe's Exodus: Crisis, Migration, Survival. Editor(s):. Jonathan Crush and Daniel Tevera. Publisher(s):. Southern African Migration Programme, IDRC. July 1, 2010. ISBN: 9781920409227. 420 pages. e-ISBN: 9781552504994. Download PDF · Read the e- ...

  16. The European Crisis Management: An Organizational Narrative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Kaplánová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The debate of scholars in the field of international relations in last years has put the European Union’s role into the consideration. The European Foreign and Security Policy has positioned itself through its development to the constructive and normative line of research of world politics. With this respect, this article examines a character of crisis management of the European Common Foreign Policy based on the institutional development. Besides the European Union does not possess a unified foreign and security policy, regardless one army and single institutional mechanism, the recent crisis management actions have shaped the policies into a comprehensive nature. The paper overviews briefly the history of Common Foreign and Security Policy as well as Common Security and Defence Policy and focuses on crisis management of civilian and military missions. The author claims that the development has a significant impact on a character of crisis management analyzed from the institutional and financial capacities of the European Security and Defence Policy. Consequently, the character of crisis management performs complex mechanisms of responsive, political/administrative, legal, economic and human help to crisis-affected territories in the world. Respectfully, the character of crisis management has thus more pre-crisis nature of a resilience.

  17. School Crisis Aftermath: Care for the Caregivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paine, Cathy Kennedy

    2009-01-01

    "Professional" crisis caregivers (e.g., emergency responders, mental health providers, medical professionals, victim assistance counselors, and faith leaders) are trained to handle exposure to images of destruction and loss and to help victims or survivors cope with the impact of a crisis. They try to help individuals, schools, and communities…

  18. Crisis Management's New Role in Educational Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainey, Barbara S.

    2009-01-01

    From natural disasters to the financial debacle, it is clear to the educational community that crises know no boundaries. Far from a passing fad, crisis planning must be an integrated part of effective school district leadership. Two studies explore the status of crisis management in selected public school systems and offer recommendations for…

  19. Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

  20. CAN syndrome in the crisis intervention

    OpenAIRE

    IGNATIDISOVÁ, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    This work is focused on CAN syndrome (child abuse and neglect syndrome) in the crisis intervention. This thesis deals with closer analysis of individual forms of CAN syndrom - mainly with physical abuse, psychological abuse, sexual abuse and neglect. Basic legislative of this topic and the most important institutions which care about children with CAN syndrome within crisis intervention are presented here.

  1. Crisis Communications in a Digital World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trump, Kenneth S.

    2015-01-01

    Kenneth Trump, a school safety expert who consults with districts on how to respond to school safety crises, explains how the new prevalence of threats of violence being delivered over digital and social media creates for administrators a "communication crisis" that unfolds alongside the real or perceived crisis of school safety being…

  2. Cool Heads: Crisis Management for Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smiar, Nicholas P.

    1992-01-01

    Applies risk management models to child care administration. These models have been used by corporations to plan for crisis management. The formation of a crisis management policy and procedure is described, and features of effective communication during crises are outlined. (GLR)

  3. The Philadelphia School District's Ongoing Financial Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caskey, John; Kuperberg, Mark

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the budget crisis that the School District of Philadelphia has faced for the past few years. Three specific events triggered the 2012 crisis: an abrupt reduction in federal and state funding, the inability of the district to cut many of its costs, and political pressures on the district to spend available revenues in a given…

  4. European Union Financial Crisis: A Marxist Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Petrus Kanisius Farneubun, P.

    European financial crisis poses a serious challenge to the fundamental structure of the European Union, political and financial institutions, as well as the values that bind European together. Different factors have been suggested as the causes of the crisis notably the failure of national

  5. Network centric operations in crisis management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ven, J. van de; Rijk, R. van; Essens, P.; Frinking, E.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the approach to implement network centric operations (NCO) in the Dutch crisis management domain. NCO resolves a number of important shortcomings related to the supply and flow of information experienced in current verbal communication-based crisis management. First, we provide

  6. A Communicatively Constituted Online Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valentini, Chiara; Romenti, Stefania; Kruckeberg, Dean

    2017-01-01

    This chapter presents a theoretical proposition that could serve as foundation to explain how people become aware, develop an understanding, and create meanings about specific critical situations through social media conversations and how, eventually, these transform critical situations into spec......This chapter presents a theoretical proposition that could serve as foundation to explain how people become aware, develop an understanding, and create meanings about specific critical situations through social media conversations and how, eventually, these transform critical situations...... into specific public crisis perceptions. Drawing from a communicative constitution perspective, the authors argue that if crises are perceptions or experiences of difficult situations that exceed a person’s current resources and coping mechanisms, and if perceptions and experiences in social media are typically...... by offering suggestions on how to study online critical conversations through the lens of a communicative constitution perspective that could inform how critical issues eventually transform and become crises and how crisis perceptions evolve and are discursively shaped by communicative practices occurring...

  7. Is crisis stability still achievable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollack, Joshua

    During the Cold War, the idea of crisis stability concerned whether the United States and the Soviet Union would be faced with powerful incentives to strike each other first with their nuclear weapons during periods of tension. This idea influenced the design of nuclear forces and guided aspects of nuclear arms control. The United States and Russia continue to operate large, alert nuclear forces, but at least three new factors have emerged that add significantly greater complexity to this picture. The first new factor consists of the development and deployment of new strategic military technologies that are entangled with nuclear weapons. These include strategic ballistic missile defenses, counter-space weapons, and strategic conventional weapons. The second new factor consists of new dyads of interacting strategic forces beyond US-Russia. These include US-China, US-North Korea, India-Pakistan, and India-China. The third new factor consists of the emergence of three-actor crisis stability dynamics, where the third actor is not necessarily nuclear-armed. This paper illustrates the concept with the US-North Korea-South Korea triangle. It briefly discusses the implications of these developments and reflects on the broad policy options that may be available.

  8. La crisis latente del Darwinismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdalla, Maurício

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article I will be analyzing the Darwinist paradigm in the biological science, discussing its capacity to give satisfactory understanding of the new data from biochemistry, microbiology and genetics. The general aim of this analysis is to contribute for the debate about the statute of the scientific theories. Its specific aim is to reflect upon a possible crisis of the Darwinist paradigm, which could corroborate the conception of scientific theories as something historically transitory, and not as definitive discoveries.

    El presente artículo analiza el paradigma darwinista en las ciencias biológicas a partir de la pregunta sobre su capacidad de explicar satisfactoriamente los nuevos datos obtenidos de la bioquímica, la microbiología y la genética. El objetivo general del análisis es contribuir con una discusión acerca del estado de las teorías científicas y el objetivo específico es reflexionar sobre una posible crisis del paradigma darwinista, lo que corroboraría la concepción de las teorías científicas como algo históricamente transitorio y no como descubrimientos definitivos.

  9. Somos parte de la crisis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingeniería e Investigación Revista

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Muchos años estuvimos resistiéndonos a aceptar la difícil situación que en todos los órdenes vivía el país. Finalmente, y como consecuencia de intereses ajenos a los que realmente debían guiarnos, estalló o quizá sea mejor decir, se agudizo la crisis del sistema. El tema no es nuevo, y recabar sobre el mismo, no pasaría, en el mejor de los casos, de ser un simple mea-culpa que dudamos aporte luces a la solución del problema. Sin embargo, pretender cerrar los ojos frente a la crisis, también resulta imposible, y mas aun, cuando la consecuencia directa de ella se refleja en la perdida, cada vez mayor, de confianza de la ciudadanía en todos los estamentos de la nación, pero fundamentalmente porque institucionalmente somos parte de ella.

  10. Horn of Africa food crisis

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2011-01-01

    Dear colleagues, As many of you are already aware, the Horn of Africa is experiencing an extremely severe food crisis as a result of one of the toughest droughts since the early 1950s. A total of over 12 million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda are severely affected by this devastating crisis and the UN has officially declared famine in these regions. In addition, children are the most vulnerable victims, with more than a half million children at risk of imminent death from severe malnutrition and an estimated 2.3 million children already malnourished. An immediate, determined mobilization is required in order to avert an imminent humanitarian catastrophe and to prevent millions of people from being robbed of a future through the scourge of hunger and malnutrition. CERN has decided to join this international mobilization by specifically opening an account for those who want to make a donation to help the drought- and famine-affected populations in the region. Children being the first...

  11. Financial Crisis and the Central Bank System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RICHARD POSPISIL

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis that began in 2008 gradually developed into a global economic crisis and continues to this day. There is a lot of causes standing behind the creation, depth and process of the crisis, which is the deepest since the thirties of last centrury. One of the reasons can be found in the risky behavior of commercial banks, especially in the excessive lending of credits and mortgages. Its share on the financial crisis have central banks and their failure as the financial supervisory authority. But there is a lot of another causes of failures in the commercial banking system. And some of the causes lies outside the banking system and monetary policy. Its share of the blame has also become from state and its expenditure on the social policy.This article analyzes the role of the commercial banking system and the central banks on the financial crisis including prevention options and measures.

  12. "Pastoral crisis intervention": toward a definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everly, G S

    2000-01-01

    The pastoral community represents a large and often untapped resource in times of crisis. It possesses a unique aggregation of characteristics that makes it uniquely valuable amidst the turmoil of a psychological crisis. In critical incidents such as terrorism, mass disasters, violence, the loss of loved ones, and any events wherein human actions result in injury, destruction, and/or death, the pastoral community may possess especially powerful restorative attributes. Unfortunately, heretofore, there has existed no generally recognized and accepted manner in which the healing factors inherent in pastoral care have been functionally integrated with the well-formulated principles of crisis intervention. This paper represents an initial effort to elucidate how the principles of pastoral care may be functionally integrated with those of crisis intervention. The amalgam shall heretofore be referred to as "pastoral crisis intervention" and is defined herein.

  13. LA CRISIS ECONÓMICA MUNDIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Sabogal Tamayo

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Se argumenta el contenido de la actual crisis mundial, entendida como propia del movimiento cíclico del sistema capitalista y no como una crisis particularmente financiera. Se sostiene que las crisis económicas son propias del sistema, mas no de la economía perse. Se sustenta su diferencia con respecto a la crisis cíclica de 1929-1933 con base los ciclos sistémicos y las características diferentes de los inicios y el final del ciclo; al final del ciclo el capital es en su mayor parte financiero. Finalmente se sostiene la tesis que las crisis cíclicas, por tener causas objetivas, son inevitables, la única alternativa es buscar otra forma de organizar la sociedad y la producción: pasar de la búsqueda de rentabilidad a la satisfacción de las necesidades de toda la comunidad.

  14. FINANCIAL CRISIS AND THE CENTRAL BANK SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard POSPISIL

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis that began in 2008 gradually developed into a global economic crisis and continues to this day. There is a lot of causes standing behind the creation, depth and process of the crisis, which is the deepest since the thirties of last centrury. One of the reasons can be found in the risky behavior of commercial banks, especially in the excessive lending of credits and mortgages. Its share on the financial crisis have central banks and their failure as the financial supervisory authority. But there is a lot of another causes of failures in the commercial banking system. And some of the causes lies outside the banking system and monetary policy. Its share of the blame has also become from state and its expenditure on the social policy.This article analyzes the role of the commercial banking system and the central banks on the financial crisis including prevention options and measures.

  15. Nuclear safety in crisis regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ustohalova, Veronika; Englert, Matthias

    2017-04-12

    The use of nuclear energy demands extensive institutional and material infrastructure upon a foundation of stable intrastate conditions and interstate relations. Conflicts can result in catastrophic accidents, either deliberately or unintentionally. If there are nuclear facilities located in a crisis region, the risk of a nuclear disaster is markedly heightened. This can be explained not only in terms of the strategic relevance of the energy supply in military conflicts, but also the increased accident risks and hazards arising from collateral damage, as well as the erosion of the safety culture and institutional control in crisis regions with a nuclear infrastructure. Even just the escalation of a political dispute or the persistence of low intensity conflicts can make it generally more difficult and complex to maintain nuclear safety, if intrastate safety mechanisms come under strain or even fail as a result. So far no instance of military escalation, past or present, has led to an accident in a civil nuclear facility. Nevertheless, questions are clearly raised about the vulnerability of nuclear facilities in crisis regions and the risks associated with this vulnerability. Despite the potentially far-reaching consequences, too little attention is currently being paid to the linkage between intra- and interstate conflicts and the safety of nuclear facilities in crisis regions. The aim of the research presented here was to explore this theme and, after laying the groundwork in this manner, to raise awareness among policy-makers and the wider public. In this context the escalation of conflicts in the Ukraine is a particular focus. The first part of the report begins with a systematic look at the link between crisis regions and/or conflicts and nuclear safety. The various impact pathways relating to nuclear facility safety and the associated risks are described in relation to potential hazards induced by crises and wars. A nuclear facility can itself become a theatre

  16. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms ... be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors ...

  17. PR Crisis Melalui Media Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Carlina

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The background of this research is communication, new media, PR and PR Crisis. Fourth of this background has a close relationship, starting from communication, human in everyday life would require communication to receive and convey information, human can not be released from human life. The advancement of the times and the development of technology, causing people to communicate easily and the development of this era caused a new challenge for the PR and PR Crisis of a company, they should be able to maintain a positive image of the company in the minds of people. In this study using descriptive qualitative methodology, it contains many writings and drawings compared to the numbers. The purpose of this research is to know the strategy used by Pizza Hut in dealing with the issue of expired food. Penelitin results, social media is very positive impact on Pizza Hut in the recovery of food issues expired. The strategy used by the Pizza Hut Crisis PR is to utilize social media. Visible from the issue of expired food that disappeared in public and Pizza Hut restaurant until now crowded visited. Latar belakang dari penelitian ini yaitu komunikasi, media baru, PR dan PR Krisis. Keempat dari latar belakang ini mempunyai hubungan yang erat, dimulai dari komunikasi, manusia di dalam kehidupan sehari-hari tentunya memerlukan komunikasi untuk menerima dan menyampaikan informasi, manusia tidak bisa dilepaskan dari kehidupan manusia. Majunya perkembangan zaman dan perkembangan teknologi, menyebabkan manusia melakukan komunikasi dengan mudah dan perkembangan zaman ini menyebabkan adanya tantangan baru bagi para PR dan PR Krisis sebuah perusahaan, mereka harus bisa mempertahankan citra positif perusahaan di benak masyarakat. Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif deksriptif, memuat banyak tulisan dan gambar dibandingkan angka-angka. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui strategi yang digunakan oleh Pizza Hut dalam menangani isu makanan

  18. Crisis Response Strategy and Crisis Types Suitability: A Preliminary Study on MH370

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Ashari Noratikah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In time of crisis, the organisation’s tactic in responding to the crisis according to its type/s may significantly affect the organisation’s effort to survive its reputational damages. The study of crisis response strategy (CRS requires further exploration within the Malaysian context, moreso with the greater and apparent use of social media as a platform for the organisation in crisis to reach out to its stakeholders. This preliminary paper studies the MH370 crisis in light of Coombs [1] Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT. It aims to discuss the suitability of the CRS applied by Malaysia Airlines System (MAS with the crisis type/s that was/were experienced by the organisation. Hence, the need for this paper to investigate the crisis type/s of MH370 and examines the CRS applied by MAS by content analysing media statements that were disseminated directly to the organisation’s stakeholders on Facebook during the first day of the crisis. Results ultimately show an interesting analysis to the crisis type of MH370, and the suitability of the CRS applied by MAS for that matter.

  19. ROMANIAN ECONOMY IN THE EUROPEAN CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurel Mihuţ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available European economy still faces today, one of the worst economic and financial crisis since the Second World War. Economic and financial crisis has spread worldwide with maximum speed, the economies of all Member States of the European Union encountering serious difficulties, both in the banking system and real economy. Romanian economic crisis started in 2008 and the uncertain deadline, is a matter of concern for many people. It is true that today we are witnessing the worst crisis in 80 years. We have an official explanation of the crisis, provided by public institutions, that the problem stems from inappropriate behavior of economic agents: selfishness, greed, speculation and market unable to function smoothly, ensuring proper allocation of resources: information asymmetry, liquidity trap , deflation, etc.On the other hand, most researchers, members of the academic, and private sector analysts argue that state intervention just planted seeds of financial turmoil that cross the present. The recipe prescribed by the authorities can result in mitigation of economic difficulties but, in contrary to their aggravation. The economic crisis is the result of several factors, which mainly include monetary policy errors, distorted economic incentives and pathology of the banking and financial regulatory policy.This paper is to highlight what triggered today's crisis in the Romanian economy, hoping to find a remedy to the problems of the economic, social and political that we face.

  20. Enhancing crisis leadership in public health emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deitchman, Scott

    2013-10-01

    Reviews of public health emergency responses have identified a need for crisis leadership skills in health leaders, but these skills are not routinely taught in public health curricula. To develop criteria for crisis leadership in public health, published sources were reviewed to identify attributes of successful crisis leadership in aviation, public safety, military operations, and mining. These sources were abstracted to identify crisis leadership attributes associated with those disciplines and compare those attributes with crisis leadership challenges in public health. Based on this review, the following attributes are proposed for crisis leadership in public health: competence in public health science; decisiveness with flexibility; ability to maintain situational awareness and provide situational assessment; ability to coordinate diverse participants across very different disciplines; communication skills; and the ability to inspire trust. Of these attributes, only competence in public health science is currently a goal of public health education. Strategies to teach the other proposed attributes of crisis leadership will better prepare public health leaders to meet the challenges of public health crises.

  1. From War to Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2014-01-01

    The present article analyzes the transformation of the long-term risks of protracted wars from the battlefield to the economic system. Major wars, supplied with strong capacities due to extended manpower resources, advanced logistic capabilities and permanency of campaign, expose their states to ...... the link between the Vietnam War, the Afghanistan War, the Iraq War, and the background for the financial crisis that began in 2008.......The present article analyzes the transformation of the long-term risks of protracted wars from the battlefield to the economic system. Major wars, supplied with strong capacities due to extended manpower resources, advanced logistic capabilities and permanency of campaign, expose their states...... to extremely costly engagements. This includes heavy long-term costs for war veterans. Accordingly, the center of gravity on the battlefield (Clausewitz) is transformed to the financial systems of taxes and credit systems. This is a classical historical lesson; but this story is indeed central to understanding...

  2. Crisis de la prensa Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Rey Lennon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La magnitud de la crisis económica Argentina es enorme y difícil saber hasta cuando se extenderá, agravada por una situación política frágil. La actual recesión ha hecho caer la inversión publicitaria a los niveles más bajos de los últimos años. De 1997 al 2001 la circulación de la prensa Argentina cayó en el 36 por ciento. El riesgo en Argentina es la eventual extranjerización de casi todos los medios de comunicación.

  3. Social Entrepreneurship and Capitalist Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luise Li Langergaard

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the relation between social entrepreneurship and capitalism. In the wake of the crisis erupting in 2008, the political attention to social entrepreneurship has intensified and social entrepreneurship and social innovation has been presented as possible solutions to a number of societal problems. By linking different theoretical trends of social entrepreneurship to Boltanski and Chiapello’s three spirits of capitalism the paper elucidates different variations of social entrepreneurship. It argues that whereas classic entrepreneurship is theoretically closely connected to capitalism and seen by innovation theory as the major driving force of economic development, social entrepreneurship is sometimes linked to non-capitalist understandings of the economy and as part of a capitalist-critical movement.

  4. Brand management in media crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian IONESCU

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Due to the turbulent and chaotic economic climate over the entire advertising industry, the TV stations, and particularly those in Romania, face a critical challenge in terms of dealing with an unprecedented crisis within this market. Since the last quarter of 2008, the Romanian advertising market is going through a serious phase of contraction and reconfiguration. One of the causes is the strong connection with the other similar markets within the Central and Eastern Europe, as well as with those from the West, which face the same decline. Several important publications were closed during 2009 and the beginning of 2010, together with higher unemployment in the media sector and major changes of the biggest media groups strategies. This paper aims to portrait the perspective of the TV Brand Managers in the center of a challenging environment, both in the organizations and in the overall market.

  5. Vietnam and the regional crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Masina, Pietro Paolo

    2002-01-01

    The paper explores the linkages between Vietnam and the regional economy before and after the East Asian financial crisis of 1997 and 1998, indicating that the country is more closely associated with the region than normally assumed. Thus, key indicators, such as falling foreign direct investment...... (including a restructuring of the so-called 'flying geese' pattern) Vietnam's chances of benefitting from closer integration in the world economy will depend on a clearcut industrial and trade policy, rather than on embarking a so-called 'neutral trade regime'. Preliminary evidence seems to indicate...... that Vietnam can successfully exploit market niches opened up by postcrisis regional economic reorganisation, thus offering some optimism for the country's immediate economic future....

  6. [Cardiovascular complications of hypertensive crisis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosas-Peralta, Martín; Borrayo-Sánchez, Gabriela; Madrid-Miller, Alejandra; Ramírez-Arias, Erick; Pérez-Rodríguez, Gilberto

    2016-01-01

    It is inexorable that a proportion of patients with systemic arterial hypertension will develop a hypertensive crisis at some point in their lives. The hypertensive crises can be divided in hypertensive patients with emergency or hypertensive emergency, according to the presence or absence of acute end-organ damage. In this review, we discuss the cardiovascular hypertensive emergencies, including acute coronary syndrome, congestive heart failure, aortic dissection and sympathomimetic hypertensive crises (those caused by cocaine use included). Each is presented in a unique way, although some patients with hypertensive emergency report non-specific symptoms. Treatment includes multiple medications for quick and effective action with security to reduce blood pressure, protect the function of organs remaining, relieve symptoms, minimize the risk of complications and improve patient outcomes.

  7. FISCAL POLICY AND FINANCIAL CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burim GASHI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will try to analyze the fiscal policy and to suggest fiscal policy measures as very crucial instrument to market economy during the global financial crisis. Decision makers of monetary and financial policy in Kosovo currently are not under taking significant measures to promote growth and development. Public spending is excessive; the public debt is constantly growing, current account deficit also. In addition unemployment is high, capital investments in public and private sectors are insufficient, as well as investments in science and education. Market infrastructure in Kosovo is not functional and market laws are not enforced. The central government in Kosovo is facing trade of between market liberalization and challenges with public spending. Therefore fiscal policy measures are insufficient and cannot stimulate economic growth.

  8. CRISIS Y CRÉDITOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Trillo de Leyva

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El deseo de hacer más objetivos los criterios de valoración, tanto en la docencia como en la investigación, han introducido términos económicos en el vocabulario universitario cuando asistimos al peor momento de una crisis económica global. La unificación de los criterios se ha producido a la baja, nos ha llevado a valorar más la cantidad que la calidad y la pasividad más que la actividad.En esta situación nos enfrentamos a la reforma de los planes de estudio conforme a las directivas de la reunión de Bolonia, reforma que debemos aprovechar para reconsiderar y mejorar la situación actual. El debate se produce en torno a los significados de los términos: transversalidad, coordinación, integración, compactación, esponjamiento, actividad, simultaneidad y secuenciaSUMMARY The desire to make evaluation criteria more objective, in both teaching and research, has introduced economic terms into the university vocabulary when we are in the middle of a global, economic crisis. The unification of the criteria has produced a downturn and has led us to value quantity more than quality and passivity more than activity.In this situation we approach the reform of the curricula according to the directives of the meeting in Bologna, a reform which we must use to reassess and to improve the present situation. The debate takes place around the meaning of the terms: transversality, coordination, integration, compaction, absorption, activity, simultaneousness and sequence.

  9. Agrofuels, Food Sovereignty, and the Contemporary Food Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosset, Peter

    2009-01-01

    In this article, agrofuels are examined in the context of the world food price crisis and the "food sovereignty" proposal for addressing the crisis. Both short- and long-term causes of the crisis are examined, and while agrofuels are presently not a prime causal factor they are clearly contraindicated by the crisis. Food sovereignty,…

  10. Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturges, David L.

    1994-01-01

    Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

  11. ESTIMATION OF CRISIS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON DOMESTIC ENGINEERING ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    Y. Zhorova

    2013-01-01

    The state of crisis of corporate governance in is studied along with the common signs and causes of crisis on domestic engineering enterprises. The paper elucidates the concept of crisis of corporate governance. The main features of the effectiveness of crisis corporate governance are highlighted.

  12. Consequences and possible solutions of financial crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra ADAM

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Financial crisis do not end overnight, but it takes some time until all effects disappear. Most of the time, the period in which the consequences of financial crisis manifest is characterized by: persistent and deep collapses of stock market, deep cuts in production and employment and explosions of government debt whose main cause is, actually, the inevitable fall of tax revenue suffered by the State as a result of deep and prolonged output contractions in the economy.Thus, in this article we want to analyze the main consequences of the financial crisis and possible solutions offered by international institutions, especially monetary and fiscal policy decisions.

  13. IMPACT OF ECONOMIC CRISIS ON FDI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. CHIRILA DONCIU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis has had a severe impact on the economy worldwide. The investment activity has strongly felt the crisis and caused dramatic changes in the hierarchy of large investors. The financial system did not have availability for credits and funding from companies' own resources was extremely limited in terms of reducing profits. The purpose of the paper is the analysis of global foreign direct investment under the effect of the largest financial and economic crisis. The research results show a dramatic decline in foreign direct investments flows perceived and generated in 2009, and the fact that since 2010 there has been an easy comeback.

  14. La crisi: aspetti economici e sociali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Quadrio Curzio

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The article contains the introduction to the meeting on the financial crisis held in February at the Accademia dei Lincei, by Alberto Quadro Curzio, president of the division of Moral Sciences of the Accademia. The introduction deals with three main topics: a brief account of the crisis, the relevance of a distinctively European and Italian approach to political economy, the historical development within the Accademia of a critical and constructive thought in the field of the socio-economic sciences.   JEL Codes: E44, E60, G01Keywords: Cultura economica, crisi finanziaria, regole

  15. Fiscal policy and the global financial crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.

     The financial crisis raises demands for fiscal policy interventions. While a fall in aggregate demand is an important consequence of the crisis, it also reflects more underlying structural problems and changes. Hence, appropriate policy designs have to take account of the nature of the crisis......-run objectives are discussed. Past experience shows that deep recessions become persistent due to marginalization of unemployed, and therefore labour market policies have to be considered as an integral part of policy packages. Finally the question of international policy coordination is addressed....

  16. La sociologia della crisi in Alain Touraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Villa

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Dal punto di vista sociologico, una crisi economica non è solo causa di dolorose conseguenze per le persone: essa rappresenta l’effetto di una più ampia crisi politica e sociale. Con questo presupposto, Alain Touraine prova a guardare al dopo crisi e, attraverso una situazione definita post-sociale, offre strumenti per l’osservazione di nuovi attori. L’articolo descrive alcuni passaggi essenziali di questa analisi, inquadrandoli nel disegno teorico che caratterizza il pensiero del sociologo francese.

  17. A Study of Crisis Management Based on Stakeholders Analysis Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qingchun, Yue

    2017-11-01

    From the view of stakeholder theory, not only the enterprises should provide services to shareholders, but also take care of the demands of stakeholders. Stakeholders for the enterprise crisis are the organizations and individuals, which cause crisis, respond to the crisis and affected by the enterprise crisis. In this paper, first of all, to comb the development of stakeholder theory systematically; secondly, with the help of the enterprise crisis stakeholder analysis model, analyze the concept of stakeholders for the enterprise crisis and membership, and with the example of Shuanghui Group for further analysis; finally, we put forward relevant proposals for the enterprise crisis from the view of stakeholders.

  18. GABEK WinRelan® – a Qualitative Method for Crisis Research Engaging Crisis Management Personnel

    OpenAIRE

    Adler, Christine; Haus, Mirjam; Jakob, Lisa; Erfurt, Lena; Krüsmann, Marion

    2012-01-01

    Qualitative research methods like GABEK WinRelan are advantageous tools to analyze and thereby improve crisis management planning and communication systems by interrogating crisis management personnel. Contrary to quantitative methods they help to identify, explore, and structure new important aspects in this field and to formulate more specific research questions. This paper describes the usage and advantages of the qualitative method GABEK WinRelan within crisis management research, part...

  19. Moderating role of brand attachment in brand crisis - case of Volkswagen brand crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Nasanovich, Anastasiia

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Crisis managers believe in the value of a favourable, pre-crisis reputation. The prior reputation can protect an organization during the crisis. This thesis focuses on consumers perception and attitude when finding out that they were unwillingly participating in Volkswagen Dieselgate. The research also investigates whether the brand attachment is a moderator of consumer purchase intention when a company has received widespread negative media exposure. To gain the deep understanding o...

  20. La crisis de las crisis : una mirada global y holística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didier Christian Sánchez

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad de este artículo no es escoger cuál es la crisis más importante, cuál es la más televisada o cuál es la que cuesta más. Mi propuesta es que estas crisis son simplemente manifestaciones de una sola crisis, una holística y terminal.

  1. The Welfare State as Crisis Manager: Explaining the Diversity of Policy Responses to Economic Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starke, Peter; Kaasch, Alexandra; van Hooren, Franca

    Written during an ongoing period of global economic crisis, The Welfare State as a Crisis Manager examines the practice and potential of using social policy to cope with crises. Through an in-depth analysis of social policy reactions in the wake of international economic shocks in four different...... and previous scholarship, reactions tend to be characterised by incrementalism and 'crisis routines' rather than fundamental deviations from earlier policy patterns. For the first time, the study of domestic political dynamics following crisis is systematically embedded in the transnational policy debate...

  2. Installations Modernization, Quelling the "Quiet Crisis"

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hamner, Richard

    2002-01-01

    .... A 'quiet crisis' has emerged. Unless immediate, diverse, measured, sustainable, and sufficient action is brought to bear, continued impacts on quality of life, health/safety, aesthetics, security, community relations...

  3. severe organophosphate poisoning with delayed cholinergic crisis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abrham

    2011-01-06

    Jan 6, 2011 ... CASE REPORT. SEVERE ORGANOPHOSPHATE POISONING WITH DELAYED. CHOLINERGIC CRISIS, INTERMEDIATE SYNDROME AND. ORGANOPHOSPHATE. INDUCED. DELAYED. POLYNEUROPATHY ON SUCCESSION. Aklilu Azazh. ABSTRACT. Organophosphate compounds are the organic ...

  4. The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bockris, J. O'M.

    1974-01-01

    Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)

  5. Statelessness and the refugee crisis in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katalin Berényi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The European Union needs to issue a Directive on common standards for statelessness determination procedures with a view to mitigating the particular impacts of statelessness in the context of the continuing refugee crisis in Europe.

  6. CORPORATIONS CRISIS - BEYOND THE FRONTIERS OF MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu NEAMTU

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis registered on international markets can be seen simply as corporate crisis as a result of that crash is the effect of large financial institutions and companies in the field of goods and services. Corporate crisis is a process that develops in nearly 10 years on the international market falling to the level of maximum development and producing her effects for 10 years hence. The paper tries to follow the stages of evolution of this crisis together with factors such as management and the economic environment characterized current economy. Also the relationship between companies management and "macroeconomic management" that generates these developments should be defined so that for future periods to be offered the best solutions to balance the market domestically and internationally

  7. Cuba: The Next Unanticipated Anticipated Strategic Crisis?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gorrell, Tim

    2005-01-01

    ...; and the current Bush administration with the global war on terrorism (GWOT). Cuba, specifically post-Castro Cuba, could very well trigger the next unanticipated crisis even though the writing is on the...

  8. Crisis Management- Operational Logistics & Asset Visibility Technologies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Braunbeck, Richard A; Mastria, Michael F

    2006-01-01

    .... Recent crisis response operations that would have benefited from improved asset visibility include the Indian Ocean tsunami, the Pakistani earthquake, Hurricane Katrina and those related to the Global War on Terror...

  9. The Euro Crisis in Online Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldam, Julie; Kaun, Anne

    2013-01-01

    the financial crisis) remain largely absent from mainstream media reports. Instead, civil society initiatives that respond to the consequences of the crisis have to rely on self-representation and sharing of resources in online media. One example is the Swedish grassroots organisation, Megafonen.......While Scandinavian countries may be coping with the Euro crisis relatively better than most other European countries, they are far from unaffected. Nonetheless, the mainstream media have represented Scandinavia and Sweden as prime examples of resilience at a governmental level (i.e. the ability...... of a national economy to withstand, adapt and overcome the financial crisis), disregarding the consequences of growing inequalities and the dismantling of welfare state. Consequently, reports on resilience at the civil society level (i.e. the ability of citizens and communities to withstand, adapt and overcome...

  10. ARC Code TI: Crisis Mapping Toolkit

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Crisis Mapping Toolkit (CMT) is a collection of tools for processing geospatial data (images, satellite data, etc.) into cartographic products that improve...

  11. The 1905 parliamentary crisis in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorđević Dimitrije

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the 1905 May crisis in Serbia that emerged from the conflict between the parliament and Cabinet. It places this particular crisis in the context of development of parliamentarianism in Serbia in the period from the 1903 coup to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. This process reflected the application of parliamentary system of government, as it was replicated from the British and French examples, to the circumstances prevailing in Serbia during the challenging period of building a democratic government after the autocracy under the Obrenović dynasty. The case of the May 1905 crisis demonstrated that parliamentary democracy in Serbia was making progress despite the legacy of the “old regime” and the lack of tradition to build on. Hence the crisis remained strictly within parliamentary bounds.

  12. Did Economic Inequality Cause the Economic Crisis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Danilo Sukovic

    2014-01-01

    ... that occurred during the last three decades. The global economic crisis that emerged in 2008 gave a new impetus to this research because numerous scientific studies appeared in which inequalities were given as one of the key causes...

  13. An Identity Crisis of Architectural Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostas Tsiambaos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Over the last three years Greece has been facing one of its worst crises since the 1950s, a crisis which most understand to be a financial one. The word crisis (from the Greek κρίσις has a double meaning in the Greek language. Its first meaning indicates a radical — usually negative — change in the sum of conditions or flow of events, while its second refers to an opinion, a theory, a personal judgment or point of view towards a specific subject. I will argue that the current crisis is not just financial, but deeply cultural. An examination of the history of architectural discourse in Greece will help us better understand the cultural identity of the recent crisis by illuminating its core: the ambivalent relationship between Greece and Europe, from the establishment of the Greek state until today.

  14. Thoughts Around the Zika Virus Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Musso, Didier; Lanteri, Marion C.

    2016-01-01

    As a lot of reviews are available on Zika virus (ZIKV), in this short commentary, we will focus on the recent advances and gaps in knowledge regarding our understanding of ZIKV infections and on the reaction to the ?ZIKV crisis.?

  15. The Euro Crisis in Online Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldam, Julie; Kaun, Anne

    2013-01-01

    of a national economy to withstand, adapt and overcome the financial crisis), disregarding the consequences of growing inequalities and the dismantling of welfare state. Consequently, reports on resilience at the civil society level (i.e. the ability of citizens and communities to withstand, adapt and overcome......While Scandinavian countries may be coping with the Euro crisis relatively better than most other European countries, they are far from unaffected. Nonetheless, the mainstream media have represented Scandinavia and Sweden as prime examples of resilience at a governmental level (i.e. the ability...... the financial crisis) remain largely absent from mainstream media reports. Instead, civil society initiatives that respond to the consequences of the crisis have to rely on self-representation and sharing of resources in online media. One example is the Swedish grassroots organisation, Megafonen....

  16. The debt crisis: a re-appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Cinquetti

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The 1980s' debt crisis is a landmark in developing economies' growth and stabilization. According to the most quoted empirical articles, external shocks and vicissitudes gave rise to crisis just because of delays in stabilization policies, engendered by internal conflicts and institutional immaturity. I review some of these papers, and find out some problems - in the measurement of shocks and foreign indebtedness, namely - whose corrections lead to opposite results: external shocks and foreign indebtedness explain that crisis regardless of domestic policies. At the same time, the strong correlation of income distribution to terms of trade changes and foreign indebtedness suggest that inequality may have contributed differently to that crisis: either through an economic channel, or through a political channel based on delays in reforms.

  17. Lithuanian Exporters in the Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Camilla; Rasteniene, Ausra

    2016-01-01

    Using Enterprise Survey data covering the period 2001–2011, the paper investigates the export behavior of Lithuanian firms and changes herein before, during and after the financial crisis. The primary objective is to investigate if there are changes in export behavior such as frequency, intensity......, value and structure, hence focus lies on the results obtained with the standard enterprise survey data that is annual and collected before and after the crisis. The findings show that in a quantitative perspective the financial crisis has only a marginal impact on the long run exporting behavior...... of Lithuanian firms. There are no significant changes in number of exporters and exported percentage and only a small but negative effect on exported value when using simple ANOVA (F-test) analysis or more advanced regression analysis for repeated cross sections and panel data. The impact of the crisis falls...

  18. Crisis, Resilience and Communication in Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Daniel Morten

    2012-01-01

    of the limitations of this approach and the organizations' inability to foresee all potential crises in a world of constant change, the concept of resilience is starting to gain ground in crisis studies (cf. Weick & Sutcliff, 2007; Somers, 2009; Powley, 2009). This ncreased interest in resilience can be traced back...... its currency in light of the global financial crisis and the crisis rhetoric that follows, therefore, it is still discussed in scientific literature how crises are handled in the best possible way (cf. Weick & Sutcliff, 2007). Nevertheless, in literature, resilience is often taken for granted...... as a distinct characteristic of the organizational system which can be activated and used whenever necessary, with little reflection on how it got there in the first place. Thus the purpose of this paper is to investigate 1) which understanding of the phenomenon of resilience that characterizes the crisis field...

  19. The Psichology Behind The Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Amalia PANDELICA; Ionut PANDELICA

    2010-01-01

    This paper is an extensive analysis of bought international business press and academic literature in the field about crisis management and related fields. The paper is grounded on the premise that the psychology of the crisis is an important component of the present international context and psychological factors play an important part in the alteration of consumer’s behavior. The question that generated our research approach in such conditions was at what extent peoples’ behavior is determi...

  20. The global governance of crisis migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Betts

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available There is no coherent or unified global governance framework for the different areas that have been subsumed under the umbrella of ‘crisis migration’. This is not to say that when new challenges or labels arise new institution-building is necessarily required. Addressing emerging protection gaps such as those related to crisis migration requires creativity in making existing institutions work better across implementation, institutionalisation and international agreements.

  1. Household savings behaviour in crisis times

    OpenAIRE

    Carin van der Cruijsen; Jakob de Haan; David-Jan Jansen; Robert Mosch

    2011-01-01

    We analyze whether households' savings behaviour was affected by adverse experiences during the crisis and knowledge about banking supervision. Using a survey among Dutch households, we find that both factors have affected the allocation of savings. Individuals whose bank went bankrupt or received government support during the crisis gather more information about banks and saving instruments and are more likely to have savings at several banks. Respondents with better knowledge about banking ...

  2. Che cosa impariamo dalla crisi argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Bianchi Patrizio

    2002-01-01

    This article explores the industrial roots of the present Argentina's crisis. Since the mid of 19th century, Argentina developed a model of social modernization without industrialization, based on export of primary commodity to Western developed countries. This model was exhausted during the 1930s; crisis, because of the ring of protectionism in the Western countries and replaced by an import-substitution approach, which promoted a wide range of small sub-optimal plants. In the mid-1970s, the...

  3. HUMAN RESOURCE COMPENSATION IN TIME OF CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu George BOCEAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic and financial crisis persists and is aggravated by poor rates of economic growth recorded in 2011 and 2012. Considerable decrease in production due to reduced exports and domestic demand compression generating new unemployment and lower earnings. This paper presents the impact of the crisis on average and minimum wages in the European Union and Euro zone. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF predictions on GDP, the paper tries to predict the future trends of wages in the European Union.

  4. Adolescence: The crisis of a healthy personality

    OpenAIRE

    Minić Jelena Lj.

    2010-01-01

    Developmental psychology as a scientific discipline studies the human development from its conception to its death following the changes that occur in different aspects of the development. During the entire life cycle, the adolescence is singled out as a particularly important and intensive period of crisis. As one of the crisis period, adolescence provides opportunity for further development and progress but for the numerous problems, the occurrence of mental disorders and individual miscond...

  5. La doble crisis de las remesas

    OpenAIRE

    Moré Martínez, Iñigo

    2013-01-01

    Desde 2008, las remesas de los inmigrantes residentes en España vienen sufriendo la misma doble crisis que cualquier otra área de la economía española. Pero las remesas no se han visto afectadas al mismo ritmo, ni tampoco con el mismo efecto. El objetivo de este artículo es caracterizar el tipo de crisis que afecta a las remesas de España.

  6. Keynes’ Business Cycle: Animal Spirits and Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    John Harvey

    2010-01-01

    Today, we are in the midst of the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. Recovery has not been swift, and policymakers and citizens throughout the globe have turned to economists for answers. While in the mainstream, the general opinion is that the collapse was unpredictable and caused by exogenous events (i.e., poor policy decisions), those in the Post-Keynesian school not only raised voices of concern well before the crisis struck, but they have argued consistently that the probl...

  7. Some Aspects of the Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Horst Todt

    2009-01-01

    The article comments on some aspects of the present economic crisis. The role of bonuses in a system with principal-agent relationship is discussed. Several other features like the responsibility of rating institutes are considered. A main point is to question our knowledge about the crisis. New developments in economics take soft factors into account. These factors and the fact that at most "bounded rationality" guides human action throw some doubt on ready-to-hand judgments.

  8. Extensive expertise in endocrinology. Adrenal crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allolio, Bruno

    2015-03-01

    Adrenal crisis is a life-threatening emergency contributing to the excess mortality of patients with adrenal insufficiency. Studies in patients on chronic replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency have revealed an incidence of 5-10 adrenal crises/100 patient years and suggested a mortality rate from adrenal crisis of 0.5/100 patient years. Patients with adrenal crisis typically present with profoundly impaired well-being, hypotension, nausea and vomiting, and fever responding well to parenteral hydrocortisone administration. Infections are the major precipitating causes of adrenal crisis. Lack of increased cortisol concentrations during infection enhances pro-inflammatory cytokine release and sensitivity to the toxic effects of these cytokines (e.g. tumour necrosis factor alpha). Furthermore, pro-inflammatory cytokines may impair glucocorticoid receptor function aggravating glucocorticoid deficiency. Treatment of adrenal crisis is simple and highly effective consisting of i.v. hydrocortisone (initial bolus of 100  mg followed by 200  mg over 24  h as continuous infusion) and 0.9% saline (1000  ml within the first hour). Prevention of adrenal crisis requires appropriate hydrocortisone dose adjustments to stressful medical procedures (e.g. major surgery) and other stressful events (e.g. infection). Patient education is a key for such dose adjustments but current education concepts are not sufficiently effective. Thus, improved education strategies are needed. Every patient should carry an emergency card and should be provided with an emergency kit for parenteral hydrocortisone self-administration. A hydrocortisone pen would hold a great potential to lower the current barriers to hydrocortisone self-injection. Improved patient education and measures to facilitate parenteral hydrocortisone self-administration in impending crisis are expected to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality from adrenal crisis. © 2015 European Society of Endocrinology.

  9. Crisis and Leadership Style Relationship in Entrepreneurs

    OpenAIRE

    Nurettin İbrahimoğlu

    2011-01-01

    Crises are inevitable features of today‟s businesses. As a result of pressures from the economic technological and social cultural environment brought by rapid change and the ongoing intense competition, it is not possible to think of a firm that is exempt from crisis. The instability in the economy and turbulent environments force the firms to seek more effective management styles. Hence, the crisis management becomes important. Historically the traits that a leader should have a for a bette...

  10. GLOBALIZATION AND ECONOMIC CRISIS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Marginean, Silvia; Orastean, Ramona

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyzes the relation between degree of economic globalization and the impact of economic crisis for developed and emerging European countries. We measure economic globalization through indexes based on share of external trade in GDP and FDI intensity (% of FDI inflows and outflows divided by GDP). The complexity of current economic and financial crisis could be evaluated through GDP growth rate, inflation rate, unemployment, public debt, budget deficit, balance of payments, exchang...

  11. Can a bank crisis break your heart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuckler, David; Meissner, Christopher M; King, Lawrence P

    2008-01-15

    To assess whether a banking system crisis increases short-term population cardiovascular mortality rates. International, longitudinal multivariate regression analysis of cardiovascular disease mortality data from 1960 to 2002 A system-wide banking crisis increases population heart disease mortality rates by 6.4% (95% CI: 2.5% to 10.2%, p heart disease mortality rates, and may have more severe consequences for developing countries.

  12. THE WORLD ECONOMIC CRISIS AND LATIN AMERICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Coggiola

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fastly, the world economic crisis show its effects in Latin America. The text arises some of its main economic consequences. It is not a "regional contagion", but the conclusion of an unprecedent world integration of world capitalist economy. It´s a world crisis, in a real sense. It makes evident the historical and structural problems of Latin American economic framework.

  13. Crisis interventions in online psychological counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Amaral Medeiros da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The world's population is often assailed by crises of various orders. Disasters caused by nature and by humans themselves also impact on people's mental health. Psychological crises, such as suicide attempts, represent a growing problem in mental health. When faced with such scenarios, specific strategies of crisis intervention are both appropriate and necessary. Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the literature dealing with online psychological crisis intervention, describing and discussing their operational design, specific characteristics and applications. Method: A systematic review of literature indexed on the PubMed, PsycINFO, and SciELO databases identified by searches conducted from January to June of 2014. Results: The searches identified 17 empirical studies about online crisis interventions which were reviewed. Three crisis contexts emerged: 1 disasters, 2 risk/prevention of suicide, and 3 trauma. Eleven different intervention programs were described and the predominant treatment approach was cognitive behavioral therapy. The results showed that research into online psychological crisis intervention has been conducted in several different countries, especially the Netherlands and Australia, and that the users of these tools benefit from them. Conclusion: Online crisis interventions have been developed and researched in many countries around the world. In Brazil, there is still a lack of investment and research in this area.

  14. Crisis homes for adult psychiatric patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard, Jørgen; Freiesleben, Michael; Foldager, Leslie

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Inspired by the Crisis Home programme in Madison, we have adapted and evaluated the programme at the Community Mental Health (CMH) Centre in Tønder, Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Procedures and schedules from the Crisis Home programme were applied in this open trial. Questionnaire ...... and the referrers were very satisfied with the programme and the treatment. CONCLUSION: Crisis home stays represent a quality improvement in the treatment package, especially for patients with a more severe mental disorder. Further documentation will require a controlled study.......INTRODUCTION: Inspired by the Crisis Home programme in Madison, we have adapted and evaluated the programme at the Community Mental Health (CMH) Centre in Tønder, Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Procedures and schedules from the Crisis Home programme were applied in this open trial. Questionnaire...... data concerning satisfaction with the stay and registration data concerning the admissions and bed days two years before and two years after the first stay were obtained. RESULTS: During four years, 52 different patients had a total of 187 stays in a crisis home. Twenty (38.5%) of the patients were...

  15. Crisis interventions in online psychological counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Juliana Amaral Medeiros; Siegmund, Gerson; Bredemeier, Juliana

    2015-01-01

    The world's population is often assailed by crises of various orders. Disasters caused by nature and by humans themselves also impact on people's mental health. Psychological crises, such as suicide attempts, represent a growing problem in mental health. When faced with such scenarios, specific strategies of crisis intervention are both appropriate and necessary. To conduct a systematic review of the literature dealing with online psychological crisis intervention, describing and discussing their operational design, specific characteristics and applications. A systematic review of literature indexed on the PubMed, PsycINFO, and SciELO databases identified by searches conducted from January to June of 2014. The searches identified 17 empirical studies about online crisis interventions which were reviewed. Three crisis contexts emerged: 1) disasters, 2) risk/prevention of suicide, and 3) trauma. Eleven different intervention programs were described and the predominant treatment approach was cognitive behavioral therapy. The results showed that research into online psychological crisis intervention has been conducted in several different countries, especially the Netherlands and Australia, and that the users of these tools benefit from them. Online crisis interventions have been developed and researched in many countries around the world. In Brazil, there is still a lack of investment and research in this area.

  16. Structured self-management education maintained over two years in insufficiently controlled type 2 diabetes patients: the ERMIES randomised trial in Reunion Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debussche Xavier

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Self-management education programs can reduce the complications and mortality in type 2 diabetes. The need to structure these programs for outpatient and community care with a vision for long-term maintenance has been recognised. In Reunion Island, an area affected by epidemiological and nutritional transition, diabetes affects 18% of the adult population over 30 years, with major social disparities, poor glycaemic control and frequent cardiovascular complications. Methods/Design ERMIES is a randomised controlled trial designed to test the efficacy of a long-term (2 years structured group self management educational intervention in improving blood glucose in non-recent, insufficiently controlled diabetes. After an initial structured educational cycle carried out blind for the intervention arm, patients will be randomised in two parallel group arms of 120 subjects: structured on-going group with educational intervention maintained over two years, versus only initial education. Education sessions are organised through a regional diabetes management network, and performed by trained registered nurses at close quarters. The educational approach is theoretically based (socio-constructivism, social contextualisation, empowerment, action planning and reproducible, thanks to curricula and handouts for educators and learners. The subjects will be recruited from five hospital outpatient settings all over Reunion Island. The main eligibility criteria include: age ≥18 years, type 2 diabetes treated for more than one year, HbA1c ≥ 7.5% for ≥3 months, without any severe evolving complication (ischaemic or proliferative retinopathy, severe renal insufficiency, coronaropathy or evolving foot lesion, and absence of any major physical or cognitive handicap. The primary outcome measure is HbA1c evolution between inclusion and 2 years. The secondary outcome measures include anthropometric indicators, blood pressure, lipids

  17. Specific management of post-chikungunya rheumatic disorders: a retrospective study of 159 cases in Reunion Island from 2006-2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilie Javelle

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Since 2003, the tropical arthritogenic chikungunya (CHIK virus has become an increasingly medical and economic burden in affected areas as it can often result in long-term disabilities. The clinical spectrum of post-CHIK (pCHIK rheumatic disorders is wide. Evidence-based recommendations are needed to help physicians manage the treatment of afflicted patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a 6-year case series retrospective study in Reunion Island of patients referred to a rheumatologist due to continuous rheumatic or musculoskeletal pains that persisted following CHIK infection. These various disorders were documented in terms of their clinical and therapeutic courses. Post-CHIK de novo chronic inflammatory rheumatisms (CIRs were identified according to validated criteria. RESULTS: We reviewed 159 patient medical files. Ninety-four patients (59% who were free of any articular disorder prior to CHIK met the CIR criteria: rheumatoid arthritis (n=40, spondyloarthritis (n=33, undifferentiated polyarthritis (n=21. Bone lesions detectable by radiography occurred in half of the patients (median time: 3.5 years pCHIK. A positive therapeutic response was achieved in 54 out of the 72 patients (75% who were treated with methotrexate (MTX. Twelve out of the 92 patients (13% received immunomodulatory biologic agents due to failure of contra-indication of MTX treatment. Other patients mainly presented with mechanical shoulder or knee disorders, bilateral distal polyarthralgia that was frequently associated with oedema at the extremities and tunnel syndromes. These pCHIK musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs were managed with pain-killers, local and/or general anti-inflammatory drugs, and physiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Rheumatologists in Reunion Island managed CHIK rheumatic disorders in a pragmatic manner following the outbreak in 2006. This retrospective study describes the common mechanical and inflammatory pCHIK disorders. We provide a diagnostic

  18. Pandemic influenza due to pH1N1/2009 virus: estimation of infection burden in Reunion Island through a prospective serosurvey, austral winter 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koussay Dellagi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To date, there is little information that reflects the true extent of spread of the pH1N1/2009v influenza pandemic at the community level as infection often results in mild or no clinical symptoms. This study aimed at assessing through a prospective study, the attack rate of pH1N1/2009 virus in Reunion Island and risk factors of infection, during the 2009 season. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A serosurvey was conducted during the 2009 austral winter, in the frame of a prospective population study. Pairs of sera were collected from 1687 individuals belonging to 772 households, during and after passage of the pandemic wave. Antibodies to pH1N1/2009v were titered using the hemagglutination inhibition assay (HIA with titers ≥ 1/40 being considered positive. Seroprevalence during the first two weeks of detection of pH1N1/2009v in Reunion Island was 29.8% in people under 20 years of age, 35.6% in adults (20-59 years and 73.3% in the elderly (≥ 60 years (P<0.0001. Baseline corrected cumulative incidence rates, were 42.9%, 13.9% and 0% in these age groups respectively (P<0.0001. A significant decline in antibody titers occurred soon after the passage of the epidemic wave. Seroconversion rates to pH1N1/2009 correlated negatively with age: 63.2%, 39.4% and 16.7%, in each age group respectively (P<0.0001. Seroconversion occurred in 65.2% of individuals who were seronegative at inclusion compared to 6.8% in those who were initially seropositive. CONCLUSIONS: Seroincidence of pH1N1/2009v infection was three times that estimated from clinical surveillance, indicating that almost two thirds of infections occurring at the community level have escaped medical detection. People under 20 years of age were the most affected group. Pre-epidemic titers ≥ 1/40 prevented seroconversion and are likely protective against infection. A concern was raised about the long term stability of the antibody responses.

  19. The crisis in american archeology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, H A

    1972-01-21

    The current crisis in American archeology has been brought about by a combination of the greatly increased rate of destruction of unique, irreplaceable archeological information and material, and the lack of adequate funding for salvage of what is being destroyed. Since World War II, land alteration has increased almost geometrically. Land leveling, urban development, inexperienced or ignorant diggers, commercial dealers in Indian relics-these and many other agents of destruction are obliterating traces of the past. Anything that disturbs the ground where people once lived destroys forever whatever information is left about them and their way of life. Interpretations of man's cultural development through time, of his ability to cope with and use the environment wisely, and of a long, fascinating, and irreplaceable heritage are only possible if the evidence left in the ground is undisturbed and is properly recorded when it is excavated. The problem of the destruction of archeological sites and information is a complex one, with no single solution. A combination of increased support for archeological research through increased funding, and development of a knowledgeable, interested public will go a long way toward assuring this country that a significant portion of the past will be available for the benefit of future generations. If solutions are not sought and found now, it will be too late-we will have committed ourselves, irretrievably and irreversibly, to the future, without benefit or knowledge of the mistakes and the lessons of the past.

  20. Crisis of Legitimacy in Palestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hani Albasoos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Palestinian society is geographically separated and politically fragmented. This is attributed to partisan affiliation and alignment, absence of conceptual and professional framework of civil society, unethical approach of Palestinian political leaders, and unconstitutional political institutions. Such polarization and division have created political antagonism within elites and between factions. The broad objective of this research is to investigate the legitimacy crisis in Palestine, the current political dilemma in the Palestinian Authority, and the public response to the situation. The research introduces direct and thorough understanding of the developing political context surrounding these issues; taking into consideration that growing deficit in legitimacy could create potentially dire consequences, particularly if present trends on the ground continue. The research promotes an analytical perspective based on legitimacy theory and exploring recent public opinion polls. This study formulates a constructive analysis of the failure of the Palestinian political institutions at the leadership level to meet the basic expectations of the Palestinian people and the unproductive methodology of hampering the implementation of the Basic Law concerning the Palestinian political system. It reviews the empirical dilemmas of the Palestinian Authority and eliminates several assumptions of Fatah and Hamas’s - main parties - political and domestic priorities. The possibility of a new Palestinian political phenomena emerging is in the context of a new popular mobilisation lessened by the fact that both movements (Fatah and Hamas are firmly enmeshed in the very fabric of Palestinian society through patronage networks.

  1. La crisis del medio ambiente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Quintero Vélez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, introducción al tema del medio ambiente, pretende proporcionar conceptos básicos para analizar y dimensionar el impacto que genera el hombre sobre los sistemas que soportan la vida. Para entender estos problemas, es indispensable partir de un análisis básico de la relación entre el hombre actual, su medio ambiente, sus necesidades y sus actividades. El autor revisa los antecedentes, las causas y las consecuencias de la crisis ambiental internacional, e intenta dar explicación a la problemática nacionalen este campo, y establecer los puntos más críticos en Colombia. Finalmente, con base en los parámetros establecidos por el gobierno, se presenta el concepto de“desarrollo sostenible" como modelo que interrelaciona los procesos económicos, sociales y tecnológicos con el medio ambiente.

  2. Crisis management and warning procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie November

    2009-03-01

    territoriale du risque s’avère nécessaire.Based on two flood events that recently affected new housing areas in very different political, organisational and hydrological contexts, this article examines the practices of actors involved in emergency and crisis situations in Switzerland. In both cases, the actors are identified – through their role and their position in the various procedures related to crisis management – and an inventory is made of the documents used. The study examines how the flood events were managed, identifies the organisational changes that followed the crises, and determines how the risk was conceived and to what extent it was formalised by the different actors both before and after the floods. Finally new forecasting and warning procedures that were set up following the events are described. The study shows that floods have a decisive impact on the production of knowledge, but that this phenomenon varies according to the actors. Events such as floods also sometimes reveal the existence of "latent" knowledge, or knowledge that is available but has not yet been integrated into institutional procedures. In terms of both forecasting and crisis management, these events also provide the opportunity to test information channels and to identify and correct any problems relating to organisation, cooperation or the reliability of means of communication. Among other things, the risks and crises related to flooding modify the dynamics and policies of the local area as a result of readjustments in the networks of actors. The introduction of emergency and crisis management measures appears more effective, however, than the reorganisation of planning and development procedures, a process which generally takes a lot longer. Nevertheless, since the recollection of events tends to fade with time, it is important that risks find a more concrete form of spatial expression on the landscape.

  3. Analysing English metaphors of the economic crisis

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    Filippo-Enrico Cardini

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - The present article reports the findings of an investigation into the metaphorical expressions adopted by English-language magazines to describe the latest economic/financial crisis. The corpus used for the investigation was about 100,000 words large, with texts taken from The Economist and from The International Economy. All the articles selected from these two magazines were published between Fall 2008 and Winter 2012. The main aim of the inquiry was to offer a more detailed and comprehensive classification of economic-crisis-metaphors than those proposed in previous research. In this respect, a total number of forty different types of such metaphors was identified. Alongside the theoretical classification, a quantitative analysis of the data was also carried out in order to find out which kinds of metaphorical expression are used most frequently. Results suggest that the economic/financial crisis is predominantly conceptualized in terms of something negative about a human being, about an object, and about a motion. In particular, viewing a state of economic/financial crisis as a damaged or destroyed object appears to be the most widely adopted metaphor. Results also suggest that different economics magazines can vary significantly in the amount of metaphorical language used.Keywords: metaphor, economic crisis, semantics, pragmatics, journalistic styles.  Sommario – Questo articolo riporta i risultati di una ricerca sulle metafore adottate da riviste in lingua inglese per descrivere la recente crisi economica e finanziaria. Il corpus utilizzato per l’indagine è stato di circa 100.000 parole, con testi reperiti dal The Economist e dal The International Economy. Tutti gli articoli selezionati da queste due riviste sono stati pubblicati tra l’autunno 2008 e l’inverno 2012. Lo scopo principale dell’indagine è stato quello di fornire una classificazione delle metafore della crisi economica più dettagliata ed esauriente di

  4. Sickle cell crisis: A crisis of a different sort?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Gurinder; Al Muwaijei, Ayesha Ateeq; Sohal, Aman Preet Singh

    2018-01-20

    : A 9-year-old boy with sickle cell disease (SCD) was presented to the emergency department with acute headache and swelling over his bilateral temporoparietal region. There was no history of antecedent trauma, fever, vomiting or other features of an intercurrent illness. On arrival, his blood pressure was 112/62 mm Hg, heart rate was 98/min and his Glasgow Coma Scale score was 15/15. There was evidence of significant scalp tenderness over the bilateral temporoparietal region. A complete neurological examination including direct and consensual pupillary response was unremarkable. Initial investigations revealed haemoglobin of 9.6 g/dL, leucocyte count of 6.8/mm3, platelet count of 219/mm3 and a normal coagulation profile. His current medications included hydroxyurea and penicillin prophylaxis. He underwent an urgent CT of the head followed by MRI of the brain, which revealed abnormalities as depicted in figures 1,2.edpract;archdischild-2017-313899v1/F1F1F1Figure 1CT head.edpract;archdischild-2017-313899v1/F2F2F2Figure 2MRI brain. QUESTION 1: Is this one of the most common neurological presentation seen in sickle cell crisis? QUESTION 2: How common is this presentation in paediatric SCD? QUESTION 3: What is the best way to manage this child? © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  5. Psychosocial crisis management: the unexplored intersection of crisis leadership and psychosocial support.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dückers, M.L.A.; Yzermans, C.J.; Jong, W.; Boin, A.

    2017-01-01

    Epidemiological research has documented the serious health issues that can affect the victims of disasters and major crises. Yet, the psychosocial dimension of crisis has received little attention in crisis management literature. This paper integrates psychosocial principles with a model of

  6. Crisis in the Curriculum? New Counselors' Crisis Preparation, Experiences, and Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Carrie A. Wachter; Minton, Casey A. Barrio

    2012-01-01

    Professional counselors are responsible for providing crisis assessment, referral, and intervention (Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs, 2009); however, little is known about their preparation and experiences in these areas. This study examined new professional counselors' (N= 193) crisis intervention…

  7. Chaos and Crisis: Propositions for a General Theory of Crisis Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeger, Matthew W.

    2002-01-01

    Presents key concepts of chaos theory (CT) as a general framework for describing organizational crisis and crisis communication. Discusses principles of predictability, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, bifurcation as system breakdown, emergent self-organization, and fractals and strange attractors as principles of organization. Explores…

  8. Helping Crisis Managers Protect Reputational Assets: Initial Tests of the Situational Crisis Communication Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, W. Timothy; Holladay, Sherry J.

    2002-01-01

    Explains a comprehensive, prescriptive, situational approach for responding to crises and protecting organizational reputation: the situational crisis communication theory (SCCT). Notes undergraduate students read two crisis case studies from a set of 13 cases and responded to questions following the case. Validates a key assumption in SCCT and…

  9. Values of financial services professionals and the global financial crisis as a crisis of ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorn, André van

    2013-01-01

    Many attribute the global financial crisis (GFC) to the ethical values of the people involved, financial services professionals (FSPs) such as stockbrokers or fund managers. The crisis-of-ethics debate is important, concerning one of the main policy challenges of our times, but is based on popular

  10. FINANCIAL CRISIS FROM THE MACROECONOMIC LEVEL TO THE MICROECONOMIC LEVEL

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    SANDA GHEORGHE GABRIEL

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The current economic and financial crisis, beyond the problems it generates both at micro and macro level, should determine an adaptation of the mechanisms, institutions and monetary / financial policies to the real economy we are facing. The issue of financial crises is extremely complex, including a series of quantitative and qualitative factors, financial, economic, social, ethical, technological and human, which can intervene and influence the financial operations in a country or several countries simultaneously. We believe that it is difficult to appreciate that a traditional model might explain a financial crisis, given that every context of occurrence, conditions of development and crisis settlement programs are unique and unrepeatable. Every crisis has in its structure certain issues that may be capitalized and can lead to success. Perhaps more obvious are the ways that can lead to total failure of the organization. Finding and capitalizing the potential success is the essence of the crisis management. The essence of the mismanagement of the crisis is to worse situation. The successful management of a crisis involves admitting that you are facing a crisis, taking reasonable measures to remedy the situation, to be seen taking them and heard saying the right words. The issue at this stage of crisis management is that perception becomes true reality. Crisis management is a set of factors designed to combat the crisis and reduce the damage caused by the crisis. In other words, crisis management attempts to prevent or reduce the negative effects of the crisis and protect the organization, the public involved and the specific field by the possible damages. The effective management of the crisis includes crisis communication. This is an essential component through which the organization faced with the difficult situation can rehabilitate it’s publicly image or even to improve it. The crisis communication occurs between the organization and

  11. THE CURRENCY CRISIS TRIGGER OF THE ROMANIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS OF 2008

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    Radu SOVIANI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the ways the financial crisis started to manifest into the Romanian Financial System, through the exchange rate channel. The focus of this Paper is on how the Romanian decision makers contributed in triggering the financial crisis (that would have been triggered anyway. The paper will determine the trigger (the first obvious event for the Romanian Financial Crisis (the debut and it will prove that the consequences of this trigger could have been anticipated - it is in line with similar triggers for the debut in other currency crises. Therefore, one of the main conclusions of this paper is that while a global crisis starts to manifest the local economy should limit the exuberance of the decision makers in order to smooth the effects of the crisis.

  12. Crisis y Derecho del Trabajo: viejos conocidos

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    Oscar Ermida Uriarte

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Buenas noches: Mi papel aquí es el de hacer una presentación general del tema que sirva de introducción a lo que luego profundizarán los Profesores Rosenbaun y Loustaunau, tanto en lo que tiene que ver con la negociación colectiva, como en lo relacionado con las experiencias concretas que se han dado en nuestro país.Para hacer ese planteamiento panorámico inicial, vamos a tratar cinco puntos: Primeramente, abordaremos la crisis y el Derecho del trabajo como una relación que de algún modo es vieja y conocida, aunque cada vez se plantea con alguna novedad. En segundo lugar haremos referencia a algunas particularidades de la crisis actual. En tercer lugar, señalaremos los efectos específicos de las crisis económicas sobre el Derecho del trabajo. En cuarto término, intentaremos introducir una sistematización de los instrumentos laborales de enfrentamiento a la crisis, respondiendo a la pregunta ¿qué instrumentos tiene el Derecho del trabajo para enfrentar la crisis? Y en quintolugar, nos referiremos a las medidas extra laborales de enfrentamiento de la crisis, es decir, aquello que se puede hacer para enfrentar las crisis, no solo desde el Derecho del trabajo, sino desde fuera del Derecho del Trabajo.

  13. Development of immature stages and comparative demography of two cucurbit-attacking fruit flies in Reunion Island: Bactrocera cucurbitae and Dacus ciliatus (Diptera Tephritidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vayssières, J F; Carel, Y; Coubes, M; Duyck, P F

    2008-04-01

    On Reunion Island, two species of Dacini, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) and Dacus ciliatus Loew, infest 16 host plant species belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae from sea level to 1,600 m. These two species represent two primary pests of this plant family on the island. Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, and Ethiopian fruit fly, D. ciliatus, larval development was studied at four different constant temperatures (15, 20, 25, and 30 degrees C) with three host plants (cucumber, pumpkin, and squash). Adult life histories of these two species were studied at 25 degrees C with the three host plants. The results led to the conclusion that B. cucurbitae had a faster egg incubation time. Its preimaginal instars developed significantly faster than those of D. ciliatus independent of temperature. B. cucurbitae and D. ciliatus had similar mean preoviposition duration and egg hatching success. Fecundity was significantly higher for the melon fly on cucumber and pumpkin and lower on squash. Two distinctly different life- history patterns were evident: (1) later onset of reproduction, longer oviposition time, longer life span, and higher fecundity (B. cucurbitae) and (2) early reproduction, lower oviposition time, shorter life span, and lower fecundity (D. ciliatus). These results are useful for improving laboratory-rearing methods and for building simulation models to predict Dacini population dynamics.

  14. AChE and EROD activities in two echinoderms, Holothuria leucospilota and Holoturia atra (Holothuroidea), in a coral reef (Reunion Island, South-western Indian Ocean).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolasinski, Joanna; Taddei, Dorothée; Cuet, Pascale; Frouin, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    AChE and EROD activities were investigated in two holothurian species, Holothuria leucospilota and Holoturia atra, from a tropical coral reef. These organisms were collected from 3 back-reef stations, where temperature and salinity were homogeneous. The activity levels of both AChE and EROD varied significantly between the two species, but were in the range of values determined in other echinoderm species. AChE activity levels were higher in the longitudinal muscle than in the tentacle tegument. Among the several tissues tested, the digestive tract wall exhibited higher EROD activity levels. Sex did not influence AChE and EROD activity levels in both species. Animal biomass and EROD activity levels were only correlated in the tegument tissue of H. atra, and we hypothesize a possible influence of age. EROD activity did not show intraspecific variability. A significant relationship was found between AChE activity and Cuvierian tubules time of expulsion in Holothuria leucospilota. Individuals collected at the southern site presented both lower AChE activity levels and Cuvierian tubules time of expulsion, indicating possible neural disturbance. More information on holothurians biology and physiology is needed to further assess biomarkers in these key species. This study is the first of its kind performed in the coastal waters of Reunion Island and data obtained represent reference values.

  15. Toward a Satellite-Based System of Sugarcane Yield Estimation and Forecasting in Smallholder Farming Conditions: A Case Study on Reunion Island

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    Julien Morel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Estimating sugarcane biomass is difficult to achieve when working with highly variable spatial distributions of growing conditions, like on Reunion Island. We used a dataset of in-farm fields with contrasted climatic conditions and farming practices to compare three methods of yield estimation based on remote sensing: (1 an empirical relationship method with a growing season-integrated Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI, (2 the Kumar-Monteith efficiency model, and (3 a forced-coupling method with a sugarcane crop model (MOSICAS and satellite-derived fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation. These models were compared with the crop model alone and discussed to provide recommendations for a satellite-based system for the estimation of yield at the field scale. Results showed that the linear empirical model produced the best results (RMSE = 10.4 t∙ha−1. Because this method is also the simplest to set up and requires less input data, it appears that it is the most suitable for performing operational estimations and forecasts of sugarcane yield at the field scale. The main limitation is the acquisition of a minimum of five satellite images. The upcoming open-access Sentinel-2 Earth observation system should overcome this limitation because it will provide 10-m resolution satellite images with a 5-day frequency.

  16. The effects of age and past and present behavioral specialization on behavior of workers of the red wood ant Formica polyctena Först. during nestmate reunion tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korczyńska, Julita; Szczuka, Anna; Symonowicz, Beata; Wnuk, Andrzej; Anna, Gonzalez Szwacka; Mazurkiewicz, Paweł Jarosław; Studnicki, Marcin; Godzińska, Ewa Joanna

    2014-09-01

    Social insect workers usually participate first in intranidal tasks and then switch to extranidal ones. However, foragers may switch again to intranidal brood care. This process is called the behavioral reversion. We applied dyadic nestmate reunion tests to explore behavioral differences between five groups of workers of the red wood ant Formica polyctena: callows (newly eclosed workers), nurses, reverted nurses (foragers that switched back to intranidal brood care in response to exposure to brood in absence of nurses), and two groups of foragers. Inter-group differences between the tested ants were related both to age and past and present behavioral specialization. Callows were the least active and their behavior was characterized by the lowest tempo. Nurses usually behaved in a way intermediate in respect to behavior of callows and the ants that had already passed the transition to extranidal tasks. The behavior of reverted nurses showed both similarities and differences with respect to behavior of foragers. Some traits of behavior of reverted nurses were similar as in the case of nurses, or intermediate in respect to both nurses and foragers. Behavioral reversion of workers of F. polyctena has thus other behavioral correlates besides the reappearance of intranidal brood care. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. The Technology Crisis in Neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Justin B; Barr, William B

    2017-08-01

    Neuropsychology has fallen reliant on outdated and labor intensive methods of data collection that are slow, highly inefficient, and expensive, and provide relatively data-poor estimates of human behavior despite rapid technological advance in most other fields of medicine. Here we present a brief historical overview of current testing practices in an effort to frame the current crisis, followed by an overview of different settings in which technology can and should be integrated. Potential benefits of laboratory based assessments, remote assessments, as well as passive and high-frequency data collection tools rooted in technology are discussed, along with several relevant examples and how these technologies might be deployed. Broader issues of data security and privacy are discussed, as well as additional considerations to be addressed within each setting. Some of the historical barriers to adoption of technology are also presented, along with a brief discussion of the remaining uncertainties. While by no means intended as a comprehensive review or prescriptive roadmap, our goal is to show that there are a tremendous number of advantages to technologically driven data collection methods, and that technology should be embraced by the field. Our predictions are that the comprehensive assessments of the future will likely entail a combination of lab-based assessments, remote assessments, and passive data capture, and leading the development of these efforts will cement the role of neuropsychology at the forefront of cognitive and behavioral science. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  18. Disaster psychology, stress, crisis, trauma

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    Krstić Miroslav Ž.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Catastrophe or disaster entails material destruction - ecological and psychosocial - that transcends the coping capacities of the affected community. Undesirable consequences of disasters, which can be due to both human and natural causes, are reflected in the loss of life of millions in the last decades of the twentieth century, as well as in detrimental influence on the lives of several hundred million people and multi-billion dollar material and financial losses. For these reasons, the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed the 1990s as the decade of prevention and reduction of the incidence of disasters under resolution 42/169. In order to succeed in preventing and reducing the incidence of disasters, as well as help those affected by them, we have to enrich our theoretical knowledge (i.e., get to know the nature of disaster psychology, understand stress, crisis and trauma, as International Classification of Diseases ISC-10 determines and describes psychosocial psychological reactions and psychological disorders… and practical, experiential and research results. The research we have conducted shows that as far as the spectrum of psychosocial reactions and psychological disorders is concerned, individuals who experience disasters most often exhibit anxiety-, depression-, and anxiety-depression-related disorders, Among the anxiety-related reactions, the most common ones are elevated tension and uneasiness. In some individuals, we can also expect the appearance of fears that were formerly not present, such as fears of being hurt, of mutilation and death. Our experience from working with the refugee population warns us that psychosocial reactions and reactive psychological disorders can emerge even years after disasters such as war and refuge, as well as that individuals affected by such disasters always deserve special attention and psychotherapeutic treatment.

  19. Crisis de la ciencia, crisis del escepticismo ético

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    Francisco Carpintero-Benítez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La mecánica de Newton ha sido considerada el único método científico posible desde el siglo XVII hasta entrado el siglo XX. Este modelo físico consideró que era preciso introducir severas restricciones epistemológicas en el método científico, y declaró que solamente eran relevantes para la ciencia los "cuerpos regulares", es decir, los aspectos de los objetos que podían ser tratados según números y figuras, y esto implicaba que las ciencias propiamente humanas habían de quedar al margen de la ciencia. En consecuencia, la justicia -y con ella toda la moral- quedó condenada al campo de reclusión de los sentimientos utópicos, sin que pudiera mostrar algún título que le permitiera recabar un estatus también "real". El autor alude a la manera como la mecánica newtoniana ha sido desposeída de su título de ciencia paradigmática de toda indagación científica desde comienzos del siglo XX. En lo que concierne a la moral social, el resultado más inmediato de esta crisis de lo que ahora es llamado mecánica "clásica", es que se han mostrado sin sentido las viejas restricciones puestas en virtud del método, de modo que si es científico comprobar que el agua se descompone a los cien grados centígrados, no menos objetivo es asegurar que el profesor tiene el deber real de explicar con la claridad suficiente. Ahora podemos volver a tomar en serio, en sede propiamente científica, las vertientes ontológicas de los razonamientos jurídicos. Hablar de ontología no implica volver a la metafísica que propusieron Gabriel Vázquez de Belmonte y Luis de Molina, y que algunos extienden también a Francisco Suárez. Es más bien el momento de volver a reconsiderar las propuestas científicas de Tomás de Aquino sin caer en la tentación de filtrar la doctrina del de Aquino por las explicaciones de estos otros escolásticos tardíos.

  20. The Financial Crisis: Origins, Causes And Conclusions

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    Eneida Permeti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The crisis in recent years took start in response to a crisis of the real estate market in the United States in 2007. The year 2009 has seen an economic crisis and between 2010 and 2011 it was known the spreading of the crisis sovereign debt and public finances of many countries. The financial markets failed in their main task: the allocation of risk. The products and services traded in the financial market are characterized by the immateriality and legal complexity. It means a high uncertainty degree and a high risk. Therefore is very important to protect the investors and this means: give them the right information, right legislation, market confidence and a product that respond to their needs. The crisis causes are: weaknesses in the regulatory, malfunction of the rating agencies, political errors and conflicts of interest. This means that we need: more rules, more capital, less debt, more transparency. The financial markets and the economy have always moved in harmony and savers have undertaken a countercyclical behavior, against trend or against the cycle and for investing in financial markets with the probability in favor we need a map that comes from the statistics.

  1. Crisis management teams in health organisations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canyon, Deon V

    2012-01-01

    Crisis management teams (CMT) are necessary to ensure adequate and appropriate crisis management planning and response to unforeseen, adverse events. This study investigated the existence of CMTs, the membership of CMTs, and the degree of training received by CMTs in Australian health and allied health organisations. This cross-sectional study draws on data provided by executive decision makers in a broad selection of health and allied health organisations. Crisis management teams were found in 44.2 per cent of the health-related organisations surveyed, which is ten per cent lower than the figure for business organisations. Membership of these CMTs was not ideal and did not conform to standard CMT membership profiles. Similarly, the extent of crisis management training in health-related organisations is 20 per cent lower than the figure for business organisations. If organisations do not become pro-active in their crisis management practices, the onus is on government to improve the situation through regulation and the provision of more physical, monetary and skill resources to ensure that the health services of Australia are sufficiently prepared to respond to adverse events.

  2. Holonic Crisis Handling Model for Corporate Sustainability

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    Levente Bakos

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The new approaches of risk and crisis management of organizations point to corporate responsibility and corporate sustainability. In the ‘Internet of Everything’ era, when the new media and social networks create the possibility to ruin in a few seconds the reputation of a company built in decades, it is important to afford the maximum attention to risk management and crisis communication. Long-term sustainability requires a transparent, trustful communication in due time. In our study, we propose a crisis management model that leads to sustainable corporate behaviour. We consider organizations as complex systems, and we use the holonic multiagent modelling concept to depict the emergent behaviour of these systems. This theoretical paper has as its main result a crisis communication model, based on the adaptability feature of holons. In our non-linear approach for unpredictable situations we merged some findings of sustainability theory, corporate social responsibility (CSR management, crisis communication, the holonic manufacturing concept and the latest security standards in computer communication.

  3. FEATURES OF CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN ENTERPRISES

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    K. D. Busygin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the value of preventive management in modern conditions. The global fi nancial and economic crisis of 2008-2010. sharpened interest in the problems of crisis management. This interest is manifested at the level of individual businesses, and at the level of the economy as a whole. At the same time revealed a signifi cant drawback: the development of crisis management theory lags behind practice. Non-compliance of the existing theory to modern requirements leads to the fact that the known approaches are not based on theoretical positions and empirical evidence and best practices, and, consequently, do not diff er systematically, because of this requires further research in this direction. The analysis shows that crisis management is a complex control system, which has its own specifi c features. Feature development solutions in crisis situations caused by the fact that they can only wear improving change with the obligatory account the limiting parameters of sustainable livelihoods enterprise (structure funds, personnel, activity profi le, the main products, and others.

  4. Financial crisis, austerity, and health in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karanikolos, Marina; Mladovsky, Philipa; Cylus, Jonathan; Thomson, Sarah; Basu, Sanjay; Stuckler, David; Mackenbach, Johan P; McKee, Martin

    2013-04-13

    The financial crisis in Europe has posed major threats and opportunities to health. We trace the origins of the economic crisis in Europe and the responses of governments, examine the effect on health systems, and review the effects of previous economic downturns on health to predict the likely consequences for the present. We then compare our predictions with available evidence for the effects of the crisis on health. Whereas immediate rises in suicides and falls in road traffic deaths were anticipated, other consequences, such as HIV outbreaks, were not, and are better understood as products of state retrenchment. Greece, Spain, and Portugal adopted strict fiscal austerity; their economies continue to recede and strain on their health-care systems is growing. Suicides and outbreaks of infectious diseases are becoming more common in these countries, and budget cuts have restricted access to health care. By contrast, Iceland rejected austerity through a popular vote, and the financial crisis seems to have had few or no discernible effects on health. Although there are many potentially confounding differences between countries, our analysis suggests that, although recessions pose risks to health, the interaction of fiscal austerity with economic shocks and weak social protection is what ultimately seems to escalate health and social crises in Europe. Policy decisions about how to respond to economic crises have pronounced and unintended effects on public health, yet public health voices have remained largely silent during the economic crisis. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Crisis and Leadership Style Relationship in Entrepreneurs

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    Nurettin İbrahimoğlu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Crises are inevitable features of today‟s businesses. As a result of pressures from the economic technological and social cultural environment brought by rapid change and the ongoing intense competition, it is not possible to think of a firm that is exempt from crisis. The instability in the economy and turbulent environments force the firms to seek more effective management styles. Hence, the crisis management becomes important. Historically the traits that a leader should have a for a better management of crisis were investigated and theories were set forth thereupon. One of the theories related to the topic is thesituational leadership theory which was built by Fiedler in 1970. Fiedler found that the task oriented leaders were more successful under unfavorable conditions. In this study which is carried out to see whether there is a difference between task-oriented and relationship oriented leaders in terms of their perceptions regarding the crisis, it was found that the task-oriented leaders have a more positive perception of crisis. No significant difference between taskorientated and relationship orientated managers was found regarding the interaction of the firm with its environment and attitudes and behaviors of top management. Factor analysis and t tests were used to reach these results

  6. Was 2008 Crisis Predictable in Korea?: A Signal Approach

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    Won-Am Park

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates whether the 2008 crisis in Korea was predictable by applying the signal approach. It shows that the early warning model constructed to predict the 1997 crisis in Korea works very well to predict the 2008 crisis implying the similarity of the two crises. In predicting the 2008 crisis, crisis period is defined two ways. One is to define the whole year of 2008 as the crisis period. The other confines the crisis period to the post September, 2008. The early warning was not sensitive to the crisis period. Both models provide early warning successfully. Well before the crisis period, signals increased rapidly and the conditional probabilities of crisis rose sharply. The most important indicators were the foreign debt/foreign reserves ratio and the foreign debt/total debt ratio of depository corporations. The models performed well in the out-of-sample period. It seems that Korea did not utilize the early warning systems to be ready for the 2008 crisis, although she had built them after the 1997 crisis to be ready for the another crisis. We must overcome the this-time-is-different syndrome and trust the early warning models to rely on early warning.

  7. Consumer experience of formal crisis-response services and preferred methods of crisis intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boscarato, Kara; Lee, Stuart; Kroschel, Jon; Hollander, Yitzchak; Brennan, Alice; Warren, Narelle

    2014-08-01

    The manner in which people with mental illness are supported in a crisis is crucial to their recovery. The current study explored mental health consumers' experiences with formal crisis services (i.e. police and crisis assessment and treatment (CAT) teams), preferred crisis supports, and opinions of four collaborative interagency response models. Eleven consumers completed one-on-one, semistructured interviews. The results revealed that the perceived quality of previous formal crisis interventions varied greatly. Most participants preferred family members or friends to intervene. However, where a formal response was required, general practitioners and mental health case managers were preferred; no participant wanted a police response, and only one indicated a preference for CAT team assistance. Most participants welcomed collaborative crisis interventions. Of four collaborative interagency response models currently being trialled internationally, participants most strongly supported the Ride-Along Model, which enables a police officer and a mental health clinician to jointly respond to distressed consumers in the community. The findings highlight the potential for an interagency response model to deliver a crisis response aligned with consumers' preferences. © 2014 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.

  8. Crisis communication: an inequalities perspective on the 2010 Boston water crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galarce, Ezequiel M; Viswanath, K

    2012-12-01

    Although the field of crisis risk communication has generated substantial research, the interaction between social determinants, communication processes, and behavioral compliance has been less well studied. With the goal of better understanding these interactions, this report examines how social determinants influenced communications and behavioral compliance during the 2010 Boston, Massachusetts, water crisis. An online survey was conducted to assess Boston residents' knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, mass and interpersonal communication, and preventive behaviors on emergency preparedness topics dealing with the water crisis. Of a total sample of 726 respondents, approximately one-third (n = 267) reported having been affected by the water crisis. Only data from affected participants were analyzed. Following an order to boil water, 87.5% of respondents refrained from drinking unboiled tap water. These behaviors and other cognitive and attitudinal factors, however, were not uniform across population subgroups. All communication and behavioral compliance variables varied across sociodemographic factors. Crisis communication, in conjunction with other public health preparedness fields, is central to reducing the negative impact of sudden hazards. Emergency scenarios such as the Boston water crisis serve as unique opportunities to understand how effectively crisis messages are conveyed to and received by different segments of the population.

  9. About Crisis. A Short and Joyless Description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Pohoata

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Crisis clearly distinguishes itself from the large mass of economic phenomena through its provocative force, which fuels theoretical discourse. The more harmful, the more generous the energies it deploys and consumes for explanatory and obstacle overcoming purposes. The result is that every crisis teaches us a lesson. What interests us is who writes and who learns from this lesson, and if they do. Then we try to find why serious crises, like the current one, occur once or twice in a century. What is the role that big world market players have in crisis "preparation", onset and resorption? Do solutions originate in the state's support or in the market? Does globalization erase national borders in such situations? How and to what extent real economy may penalize a guilty party that constantly comes from nominal economy? What are the problems raised by such an outcome for the strategy to follow and for economic sciences in general, etc.?

  10. Macroeconomie in crisi e macroeconomie in ripresa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The financial and economic crisis brings to a reconsideration of macroeconomics: as it happened in the past, after the Great Crash of 1929 as well as after the Second World War and after the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the subsequent oil crisis. A brief critical survey of mainstream macroeconomics (the neoclassical synthesis and its variants, and its criticisms on the side of Keynesians and Sraffians is followed by a brief survey of the elements of alternative macroeconomic analysis developed by Keynes and Kalecki, Minsky and Sylos Labini, and others.   JEL Codes: B22, E00, E12, E13Keywords: Macroeconomie; crisi; ripresa

  11. Heterogeneity in Firm Performance During Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Bruni

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available What happens to firms during periods of deep economic crisis? Did different types of firms perform differently under the economic crisis? With the aid of a rich database and focusing on the literature regarding the growth of firms, this paper investigates the relative profitability performance of Italian firms during the current economic crisis, exploring those factors, which help certain firms to do relatively better even in the slowdown period. Some preliminary results show that the Italian firms that are relatively young in age, with relatively better current liquidity and more focused on domestic market have performed better than other firms. Furthermore, firms operating in high-tech and in highly concentrated sectors have enjoyed a better performance in this period.

  12. German SMEs Affected by the World Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Gabriela HODOROGEL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available 2009 was one of the hardest years in the last decades for SMEs. The areas that had faced difficulties before the crisis felt sharply the negative effects, but those which had registered continuous progress until the crisis broke out have also been affected. 2010 was a year of reconsolidation, while the current year could mark off a progress for most SMEs, due to a very special evolution of the German economy as a whole (an economic growth of 3.6% in 2010, much more over analyst expectations, and a forecast of 2.8% for 2011. Regarding the establishment of SMEs in the crisis period, an unexpected development has paradoxically been noticed in Germany: the interest of individuals in establishing a business, declining in the last years, began to grow.

  13. On the epistemological crisis in genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Edward R

    2008-04-01

    There is an epistemological crisis in genomics. At issue is what constitutes scientific knowledge in genomic science, or systems biology in general. Does this crisis require a new perspective on knowledge heretofore absent from science or is it merely a matter of interpreting new scientific developments in an existing epistemological framework? This paper discusses the manner in which the experimental method, as developed and understood over recent centuries, leads naturally to a scientific epistemology grounded in an experimental-mathematical duality. It places genomics into this epistemological framework and examines the current situation in genomics. Meaning and the constitution of scientific knowledge are key concerns for genomics, and the nature of the epistemological crisis in genomics depends on how these are understood.

  14. Crisis bifurcations in plane Poiseuille flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zammert, Stefan; Eckhardt, Bruno

    2015-04-01

    Many shear flows follow a route to turbulence that has striking similarities to bifurcation scenarios in low-dimensional dynamical systems. Among the bifurcations that appear, crisis bifurcations are important because they cause global transitions between open and closed attractors, or indicate drastic increases in the range of the state space that is covered by the dynamics. We here study exterior and interior crisis bifurcations in direct numerical simulations of transitional plane Poiseuille flow in a mirror-symmetric subspace. We trace the state space dynamics from the appearance of the first three-dimensional exact coherent structures to the transition from an attractor to a chaotic saddle in an exterior crisis. For intermediate Reynolds numbers, the attractor undergoes several interior crises, in which new states appear and intermittent behavior can be observed. The bifurcations contribute to increasing the complexity of the dynamics and to a more dense coverage of state space.

  15. [Hypertensive crisis in infancy and childhood].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirbelauer, J; Strotmann, J; Kirchhoff, A; Darge, K; Thomas, W

    2008-01-01

    The extended physical examination of a patient includes measurement of blood pressure. In infancy and childhood the blood pressure measurement may be difficult due to an uncooperative and restless patient. In a 16-month-old girl apparently unmeasurable blood pressure was a hypertensive crisis with systolic blood pressure of more than 200 mmHg. The cause of the hypertension was found to be a nephroblastoma. In the case of rapidly progressive arterial hypertension in another 16-month-old girl with left ventricular dilatation and reduced function was a consequence of kidney dysplasia. Headache attacks lead to diagnosis of a subtotal coarctation of the aortic isthmus in a 17-year-old boy. Hypertensive crisis in infancy, childhood and adolescence is discussed based on these case reports. Special features of blood pressure measurement in the pediatric age group, pathogenesis of hypertensive crisis and the potential therapies are discussed incorporating a brief review of the literature.

  16. Lessons for Physicians from Flint's Water Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carravallah, Laura A; Reynolds, Lawrence A; Woolford, Susan J

    2017-10-01

    Physicians form a vital front in recognizing unusual clinical presentations that could herald a health threat. In the Flint water crisis, physicians can be credited with playing critical roles in both uncovering the crisis and providing leadership when government failed to respond effectively. Yet most physicians in Flint were not formally trained in advocacy or leadership and might have recognized the health implications of the crisis more quickly had they received formal environmental health training. Furthermore, connections to other professional disciplines-and to the community-are vital for effective responses to environmental health threats. We explore some lessons learned in Flint that might help expedite resolution of future environmental health crises, particularly those involving aging infrastructure and diminished or dysfunctional regulation or oversight. © 2017 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.

  17. Crisis rural, pobreza y hambre en Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Villafuerte Solís

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La crisis y la pobreza en el México actual se expresan con claridad en las entidades tradicionalmente más pobres (Chiapas, Guerrero y Oaxaca, que en 2012 sumaron cerca de cuatro millones de personas con hambre. En Chiapas, aun con una reducción de 5.6 puntos porcentuales de la población que padece hambre, la situación adquiere rasgos más complejos porque entre las causas del levantamiento del EZLN figuran la pobreza y el hambre. En este artículo se analizan la crisis en el campo, la pobreza y el hambre, con sustento en la teoría de la crisis y datos de dependencias federales.

  18. Broken heart syndrome during myasthenic crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thanaviratananich, Sikawat; Katirji, Bashar; Alshekhlee, Amer

    2014-03-01

    Myocardial pathology is rarely associated with myasthenia gravis (MG). We describe a case of newly diagnosed MG with decompensated heart failure [stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SICM)] that occurred during the crisis phase. Case report and review of literature. A 42-year-old woman underwent chemotherapy followed by a transsternal resection of a malignant epithelioid thymoma invading the pericardium. A month after surgical resection, she developed progressive oropharyngeal symptoms with respiratory distress requiring tracheal intubation. Cardiac evaluation on the day of admission showed a normal ejection fraction, which rapidly decreased to 15% on the second hospital day and recovered to 45% after 1 week. Review of the literature revealed 4 myasthenic patients who developed SICM in the crisis phase; all improved with treatment. SICM may occur in MG crisis, especially in the presence of malignant thymoma. All previous cases including our patient had improved myocardial function and clinical outcomes.

  19. Greece Financial Crisis and Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechili, Aggelos E; Kalokairinou, Athena; Kaitelidou, Dafni; Diomidous, Marianna

    2015-01-01

    The last six years the global community is facing an economic crisis that first appeared in USA. This crisis has a lot of impacts especially in health sector. Unemployment, job insecurity and the loss of disposable income have a significant impact in health too. The main objective of this research was to investigate the quality of life of the general population in Greece during the financial crisis. To collect the data it has been used the Greek version of Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36v2). In general, income, level of education, cohabitation and parenthood had a significant impact in quality of life. As a conclusion, unemployed participants' score was lower in the entire dimensions and in the two summary scales too.

  20. Exploring Internal Crisis Communication in Multicultural Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravazzani, Silvia

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To explore managers’ perspectives on and practices of internal crisis communication in multicultural environments. Design/methodology/ approach: After a review of relevant literature on crisis, culture and internal communication to define the framework and relevance of this study, results...... from qualitative interviews with seven Danish managers are presented. Findings: Interviewees acknowledge the relevance of the cultural backgrounds of employees in relation to internal communication, especially in crisis situations. Cultural aspects affect message framing and employee sensemaking......, especially when it comes to employees located in other countries. Line managers and local communicators are key in the adaptation of verbal and non-verbal communicative features. Employees are also seen as active sensemakers and communicators. Research implications: Findings show how demographic...

  1. Analysis of Volkswagen Emission Crisis in the Context of Crisis Response Strategies and Newspapers Framing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevil Bayçu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Frequently experienced crises have adverse effects on the corporations although the reasons for their occurrence and their characteristics are variable. As the corporations develop certain response strategies in connection with such crises also affecting their stakeholders in addition to them, media publicly carries the news in connection with crises. The objective of this research which has been carried out by taking as a starting element the point where crisis, corporations and media intersect, is to study the press releases by Volkswagen as part of the crisis over exhaust emission on the basis of the strategies of responses to crisis and demonstrate how the crisis is publicly covered by media in the context of crisis framing and toning.  Accordingly, 116 crisis related news contained in five largest circulating newspapers in Turkey as well as 29 press releases as posted on both international and Turkey websites of the company have been analyzed. According to the results of the research, the news on the corporation have mostly been presented negatively on the basis of the sub-framework of “solutions to the problem” contained in the framework of responsibility. It has been observed that in the crisis response strategies, the crisis and responsibility thereof have been admitted by the corporation and that the sub-framework of “internalizing” contained in the strategy of providing information has been used in connection therewith. As the “global dimensions” of the crisis have been highlighted in the themes of the news; the press releases have focused on the “restructuring of the company.” 

  2. The risks of nation branding as crisis response

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Rasmus Kjærgaard; Merkelsen, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    alternative strategies for handling crises based on 'societal models'. Through a case study of Denmark's so-called Cartoon Crisis we demonstrate how crisis communication falls short of coping aptly with the complexity of the crisis due to the branding-inspired translation from 'sudden' to 'ongoing' crisis. We......In this article, we investigate the limitations of organization-centric models for crisis communication in handling place crises. Two distinct types of place crisis are identified as what we respectively term the 'sudden' and the 'ongoing' type. We point out that place branding traditionally has...... been used to handle the latter type. We then demonstrate how the inspiration from corporate communication in place branding has led to a fixation on reputation, which becomes salient when place branding is used as crisis communication in sudden crisis. Here the corporate inspiration tends to rule out...

  3. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... SuicidePreventionLifeline.org Get Help Materials Get Involved Crisis Centers About ... Live Chat Deaf - Hard of Hearing Contact Us About About the Veterans Crisis Line FAQs ...

  4. Crisis behavior: An exploration of theories in concert.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Jason B; Crudo, Christine

    2015-01-01

    How might prominent existing communication theory better explain behavior in a crisis context, when considered in concert with one another? This theoretical work highlights the insight to be gained using Situational Crisis Communication Theory and Bandura's notions of self-efficacy to heighten the explanatory power of the Theory of Planned Behavior as applied to communication during times of crisis. Situational Crisis Communication Theory better explains how past experience with crisis influences the attitudes and social norms of crisis behavior, while Bandura's notion of self-efficacy speaks more directly to the availability of resources as contributing factors to perceived behavioral control in a crisis situation. As such, the incorporation of these well-developed notions into the broader framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior affords greater understanding of the relationship between communication and behavior during a crisis. Further exploration of this theoretical relationship is warranted.

  5. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Live Chat Military Live Chat Deaf - Hard of Hearing Contact Us About About the Veterans Crisis Line ... Live Chat Military Live Chat Deaf - Hard of Hearing Contact Us About About the Veterans Crisis Line ...

  6. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in crisis, find a facility near you. Spread the Word Download logos, Web ads, and materials and ... from Veterans Health Administration Veterans Crisis Line -- After the Call see more videos from Veterans Health Administration ...

  7. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Help see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Suicide Prevention PSA for Military Families see more videos ... About About the Veterans Crisis Line FAQs Veteran Suicide The Veterans Crisis Line text-messaging service does ...

  8. ASEAN’s role in the Rohingya refugee crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Shivakoti

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The Rohingya refugee crisis has become a regional crisis. Members of the Association of Southeast Asian States (ASEAN must enhance regional cooperation in order to improve protection for the region’s refugees.

  9. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Involved Crisis Centers About Be There Show You Care Find Resources Graphic Generator Toolkit Signs of Crisis ... out for help. Bittersweet More Videos from Veterans Health Administration Watch additional videos about getting help. Be ...

  10. Crisis ecologica y subsuncion real de la naturaleza al capital

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sabbatella, Ignacio

    2010-01-01

    El presente articulo pretende indagar la crisis ecologica como una crisis estructural del modo de produccion y reproduccion capitalista, al mismo tiempo que propone lineas de reflexion para entender...

  11. GLOBAL CRISIS – AN ECOLONOMIC APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Popescu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Considering the evolution of life of the whole living, "crisis is a natural manifestation, a form of thesystemic wisdom homeostasis ". Interpreted in terms of Hawa-yen philosophy, life of the "whole living" whichincludes economic and social life as well, crisis stands for excesses and deficits beyond the homeostasis "criticalmass" that disturbs due to the dangers generated by the harmony of integrated integers .As it encompasses both threats and opportunities that encourage creative destruction, crisis heightensawareness of a behavioural change for the sake of a new harmony. The current global crisis, in accordance with theholistic vision, is a systemic crisis a cultural, moral, spiritual and intellectual one that affects negatively all segmentsof life, such the natural, the economic, the social and their interactions, too.As a science of man-made environmental health, ecolonomy interprets the global crisis construed as a deviation ofhuman behaviour and institutional development from the requirements expressed by the harmony of "integratedintegers", the nature of the tunes, coherence and resonance.Deficits of love, authentic knowledge, faith in certainty of hope, wisdom, of education on the meaning oflife and for life, compassion and selflessness, etc, as well as excesses of selfishness, greed, power, domination,poverty, ignorance, waste, freedom without responsibility, etc., engender through their actions human and socialbehaviours which threaten social life and cut through homeostasis.The transformation of the dangers into opportunities- the backward evolution, is a process of whichmetanoia is occurring inside human being where the paradigms find " a nice nest" due to which we come to know,understand, we relate and act.

  12. Hypertensive crisis in children: an experience in a single tertiary care center in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Geum Hwa; Lee, I Re; Park, Se Jin; Kim, Ji Hong; Oh, Ji Young; Shin, Jae Il

    2015-01-01

    Hypertensive crisis is a medical emergency that can cause acute damage to multiple end-organs. However, relatively little is known on the etiology, treatment, and outcomes of hypertensive crisis in Korean children. The aim of this study was to determine the etiologies and efficacy of drugs for hypertensive crisis in children during the past 5 years at a single center in Korea. We analyzed data from 51 children with hypertensive crisis during the period between January 1, 2010 and April 1, 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: those diagnosed with a hypertensive emergency (hypertension with organ injury, n = 31) and those diagnosed with a hypertensive urgency (hypertension without organ injury, n = 20). Baseline etiologies and risk factors were compared between the two groups. In addition, systolic and diastolic blood pressures were evaluated at 1, 2, 4, and 5 hours after the administration of intravenous antihypertensive drugs. Kidney injury and cancer were the common causes in patients with hypertensive crisis. Cardiovascular complications (cardiac hypertrophy) (p = 0.002), central nervous system complications (p = 0.004), and retinopathy (p = 0.034) were more frequently observed in children with hypertensive emergency than those with hypertensive urgency. However, the proportion of renal complications was similar in both groups. Hydralazine was most commonly used in both groups to control acute increasing blood pressure at first. However, it was often ineffective for controlling abrupt elevated blood pressure. Therefore, intravenous antihypertensive drugs were changed from hydralazine to nicardipine, labetalol, or nitroprusside to control the high blood pressure in 45.1 % of the patients. Particularly, in patients with hypertensive crisis, there was no significant difference in reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and in improvement of clinical outcomes between nicardipine and labetalol administration. Close blood

  13. The Economic Crisis and Public Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Sidel

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The current global economic crisis seriously threatens the health of the public. Challenges include increases in malnutrition; homelessness and inadequate housing; unemployment; substance abuse, depression, and other mental health problems; mortality; child health problems; violence; environmental and occupational health problems; and social injustice and violation of human rights; as well as decreased availability, accessibility, and affordability of quality medical and dental care. Health professionals can respond by promoting surveillance and documentation of human needs, reassessing public health priorities, educating the public and policymakers about health problems worsened by the economic crisis, advocating for sound policies and programs to address these problems, and directly providing necessary programs and services.

  14. Macroeconomics in crisis and macroeconomics in recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The financial and economic crisis brings to a reconsideration of macroeconomics: as it happened in the past, after the Great Crash of 1929 as well as after the Second World War and after the collapse of the Bretton Woods system in 1971 and the subsequent oil crisis. A brief critical survey of mainstream macroeconomics (the neoclassical synthesis and its variants, and its criticisms on the side of Keynesians and Sraffians is followed by a brief survey of the elements of alternative macroeconomic analysis developed by Keynes and Kalecki, Minsky and Sylos Labini, and others.

  15. Severe Hypoglycemia Accompanied with Thyroid Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuki Nakatani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a 32-year-old Japanese women with severe hypoglycemia accompanied with thyroid crisis. She complained of dyspnea, general fatigue, and leg edema. She was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism with congestive heart failure and liver dysfunction. Soon after admission, sudden cardiopulmonary arrest occurred. She was then transferred to the intensive care unit. Her serum glucose level was 7 mg/dl. Intravenous glucose, hydrocortisone, diuretics, and continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF saved her. We considered that hypoglycemia occurred due to heart failure and liver dysfunction due to thyroid crisis.

  16. The meta-crisis of secular capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Pabst, Adrian; Milbank, John

    2015-01-01

    The current global economic crisis concerns the way in which contemporary capitalism has turned to financialisation as a double cure for both a falling rate of profit and a deficiency of demand. Although this turning is by no means unprecedented, policies of financialisation have depressed demand (in part as a result of the long-term stagnation of average wages) while at the same time not proving adequate to restore profits and growth. This paper argues that the current crisis is less the ‘no...

  17. Crony Lending: Thailand before the Financial Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Charumilind, Chutatong; Kali, Raja; Wiwattanakantang, Yupana

    2002-01-01

    The allocation of credit by banks on 'soft' terms to friends and relatives - often termed cronyism - rather than on the basis of 'hard' market criteria in the years leading up to the Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 has been hypothesized as an important cause of the crisis. These practices had their basis in the implicit guarantees provided by the government to banks, which in turn percolated down to firms having 'crony' ties to banks as soft-budget constraints for projects of uncertain qual...

  18. LA CRISIS GLOBAL Y LATINOAMÉRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Henry Veltmeyer

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo proporciona una perspectiva crítica sobre la actual crisis global en sus dinámicas en América Latina. Se rebate el argumento central que prevalece tanto en revistas de divulgación como académicas respecto de que la crisis es un fenómeno fundamentalmente financiero, precipitado por la falta de regulación de capital y una ola de especulación financiera, que se puede resolver con la construcción de un nuevo arreglo financiero, más eficaz y sujeto a una mejor gobernabilidad global...

  19. The current economic crisis reflected in media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suciu, T.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals – in its former part – with three concepts: speculative bull, stock market crash and stock market correction. As a rule, the bulls are considered to be the cause and the stock market crashes the effect of the bulls. In Romania, the financial crisis is the consequence of the overrated consume generate by credits. As any other thing generated by credits, consume must be paid as well. Unfortunately, the payment must be done in the conditions of the international crisis, so it will cost more. The payment deadline is an inevitable thing, anyhow.

  20. Can a bank crisis break your heart?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meissner Christopher M

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To assess whether a banking system crisis increases short-term population cardiovascular mortality rates. Methods International, longitudinal multivariate regression analysis of cardiovascular disease mortality data from 1960 to 2002 Results A system-wide banking crisis increases population heart disease mortality rates by 6.4% (95% CI: 2.5% to 10.2%, p Conclusion Banking crises are a significant determinant of short-term increases in heart disease mortality rates, and may have more severe consequences for developing countries.

  1. Financial risks after the subprime crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Leiva Büchi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The subprime financial crisis revealed some of risks that were not considered as a priority. Among others, a liquidityrisk is now considered as one of the main risks to work with by all institutions. Apart from that, it became obviousthat traditional risk management focused only on what was known and expected, ignoring analysis and testing eventswith low probability but high impact. Lastly, the subprime crisis left a number of lessons in relation to the regulationfor financial markets that must be considered when creating a new regulatory system.

  2. International Handbook of Organizational Crisis Management

    CERN Document Server

    Pearson, Christine M M; Clair, Judith A A

    2007-01-01

    Best-managed crises can bring positive recognition and enhance an organization's value; worst-managed crises can snuff its viability. Numerous books have been written on the topic, but many lack rigor: prescriptions are untested and quick fixes are based on elevating the readers' fears. The International Handbook of Organizational Crisis Management reflects the latest understanding of this field from prominent scholars and practitioners around the globe. Pushing the boundaries of crisis management research and practice, this book offers new frameworks and findings that capture insights and gui

  3. The importance of family caregiving to achieving palliative care at home: a case report of end-of-life breast cancer in an area struck by the 2011 Fukushima nuclear crisis: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozaki, Akihiko; Tsubokura, Masaharu; Leppold, Claire; Sawano, Toyoaki; Tsukada, Manabu; Nemoto, Tsuyoshi; Kosugi, Kazuhiro; Nishikawa, Yoshitaka; Kato, Shigeaki; Ohira, Hiromichi

    2017-11-01

    The primary setting of palliative care has shifted from inpatient care to patients' residences. Family caregiving is essential for patients with life-limiting illnesses to receive palliative care at home, however little information is available regarding potential interventions to achieve palliative homecare for those without sufficient support from family members in various settings, including disasters. In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster. In August 2015, a 59-year-old Japanese female presented to our hospital, located 23 km north of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, with a right breast ulcer. The patient was diagnosed with stage IV breast cancer. The patient's general condition gradually worsened despite a one-year course of chemotherapy, and she became bedridden after a fall in October 2016. Although the patient wished to receive palliative homecare, this appeared challenging to achieve because she resided alone in a temporary housing shelter. Although she originally lived with her family in Odaka District, Fukushima, she relocated outside of the city following evacuation orders after the disaster. The evacuation orders for Odaka District were still in effect when she returned to the city alone in 2014. We contacted her sister who moved apart from her during the evacuation, and explained the necessity of family caregiving to enable her palliative homecare. The sister decided to move back to their original residence in Odaka District and live with the patient again. The patient successfully spent her end-of-life period and died at home. Health care providers and community health workers may need to take a pro-active approach to communicating with family members to draw informal support to enable patients' end-of-life management according to their values and preferences. This is a lesson which may be applicable to broader healthcare settings beyond cancer, or disaster contexts, considering that population

  4. Logistics and logistics support in crisis management and citizen protection

    OpenAIRE

    HOLEJŠOVSKÝ, Jan

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRAKT LOGISTICS AND LOGISTICS SUPPORT IN CRISIS MANAGEMENT AND CITIZEN PROTECTION The graduation thesis on topic ``Logistics and logistics support in crisis management and citizen protection" is divided into several chapters, which in summary are a material presenting information about logistics and logistics support in crisis management and citizen protection. This was one of the aims at this work. Chapters I., II., III., IV. describe logistics and logistics support, crisis management, ci...

  5. Hoe de Nederlandse Overheid omging met de Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Kickert, Walter

    2012-01-01

    textabstractAbstract This article presents a brief description how the Dutch government has responded to the financial, economic and fiscal crisis. Separate sections are devoted to the financial crisis in 2008 when government took various measures to support and save banks, to the economic crisis in 2009 causing government to take economic recovery measures, and to the fiscal crisis of increasing state debts and budget deficits which caused government in 2010 to take fiscal cut-back measures....

  6. Crisis and unstable dimension variability in the bailout embedding ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    An attractor widening and merging crisis is seen in the phase space in the aerosol case. Crisis-induced intermittency is seen in the time series and the laminar length distribution of times before bursts give rise to a power law with the exponent β = −1/3. The maximum Lyapunov exponent near the crisis fluctuates around zero.

  7. The Somalian Crisis: A Legacy of Colonialism? | Adamu | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the roots of the crisis, the attempts made at reconciliation as well as the role of international bodies in averting or escalating the crisis. The paper also looks at the possibility of finding a lasting peace in the country. It is argued that the Somalian crisis should be largely seen as a legacy of colonialism in ...

  8. Write the Plan before You Have the Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirth, Eileen

    2002-01-01

    Outlines the development process and essential elements of a crisis communication strategy. Key steps include: (1) selecting a spokesperson; (2) publicizing the spokesperson's identity; (3) preparing a crisis notebook; (4) providing cell phones; (5) choosing a news conference location; (6) rehearsing crisis scenarios; and (7) obtaining interview…

  9. Impact of Global Financial Crisis on Nigerian Stock Market

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    crisis, and foreign investment crisis has a negative significant impact on the Nigerian stock market. Based on ... The ripple effects of the global financial crisis seem to have had a dramatic negative effect on the Nigerian stock ... is evident in his statement that the pace of financial and economic globalisation appears to have ...

  10. Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Joseph Eric

    2001-01-01

    Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

  11. Deciding to help: effects of risk and crisis communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Marije; Kerstholt, Johanna Helena; Giebels, Ellen

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to gain insight into the (combined) effects of risk and crisis communication on adequate behaviour during a crisis situation. In addition, it adds to the existing literature by examining the effects of risk and crisis communication on psychological factors that are involved in

  12. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Veterans Crisis Line Skip to Main Content SuicidePreventionLifeline.org Get Help Materials Get Involved Crisis Centers About Be There Show You ... more videos from Veterans Health Administration Veterans Crisis Line -- After the Call see more videos from Veterans ...

  13. How to assess telecom service availability risks for crisis organisations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriezekolk, E.; Wieringa, Roelf J.; Etalle, Sandro; Bérenguer, Christophe; Grall, Antoine; Guedes Soares, Carlos

    Crisis organisations, such as fire services, disaster relief and emergency medical care, nowa- days depend on telecommunications services in an unprecedented manner. Unavailability of these services during a crisis may cost lives. In order not to be caught unprepared, crisis organisations should

  14. Common Errors in School Crisis Response: Learning from Our Mistakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornell, Dewey G.; Sheras, Peter L.

    1998-01-01

    Describes five school crises. In each case example, errors in crisis management by school staff exacerbated the crisis and resulted in deleterious consequences for the school, its students, and the surrounding community. Identifies common themes of leadership, teamwork, and responsibility that are critical to successful crisis management.…

  15. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Veterans Crisis Line Skip to Main Content SuicidePreventionLifeline.org Get Help Materials Get Involved Crisis Centers About Be There ... see more videos from Veterans Health Administration Veterans Crisis Line -- After the Call see more videos from ...

  16. Being PREPaREd for Crisis in Northern Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancock, Kathy; Malvey, Michelle; Rastatter, Dennis

    2010-01-01

    The Thompson School District recognized after the Columbine incident in the spring of 1999 that it was lacking an adequate plan for crisis response. Colorado legislation led to a mandate for having a crisis response plan so the district purchased a "canned" crisis response plan that served the needs of response in a very immediate but…

  17. School-Based Crisis Intervention. A Center Quick Training Aid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for Mental Health in Schools.

    As used here, the term school-based crisis intervention refers to a range of responses schools can plan and implement in response to crisis events and reactions. All school-based and school-linked staff can play an important role in crisis intervention. This quick training aid presents a brief set of resources to guide those providing an…

  18. rapid increase in precaution The global financial crisis: origin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2010-05-01

    May 1, 2010 ... Abstract. The financial crisis that erupted in September 2008—following more than two years of financial turmoil has become global crisis for the world economy. An attempt is made in this study to assess the possible causes of the origin, contagion and impact of the current global financial crisis with ...

  19. How Should the Financial Crisis Change How We Teach Economics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiller, Robert J.

    2010-01-01

    Student dissatisfaction with teaching of economics--particularly with macroeconomics--during the current financial crisis mirrors dissatisfaction that was expressed during the last big crisis, the Great Depression. Then and now, a good number of students have felt that their lectures bear little relation to the economic crisis raging outside the…

  20. Proactive Communication in a Crisis-Driven World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinz, Karen H.

    1999-01-01

    Administrators can prepare for crisis situations by conducting safety assessments at all schools and district facilities, involving community resources, updating district and school discipline and crisis-communication plans, establishing a crisis-intervention team, providing staff training, establishing "suspicious behavior" reporting procedures,…

  1. Deciding to Help : Effects of Risk and Crisis Communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, M.H.; Kerstholt, J.H.; Giebels, E.

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to gain insight into the (combined) effects of risk and crisis communication on adequate behaviour during a crisis situation. In addition, it adds to the existing literature by examining the effects of risk and crisis communication on psychological factors that are involved in

  2. The Global Crisis and the Assault on Democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juego, Bonn; Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    The paper argues that the current global capitalist crisis entails an assault on democracy. Since crisis connotes danger and opportunity, the recent crisis appears to be a danger to democracy but an opportunity to its antithetical ideals. At the international level, multilateral institutions have...

  3. Global Economic Crisis and Power of Productivity | Dike | Economic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The global economic crisis has rattled markets and economies around the globe, and its duration is very unpredictable. To recover quickly from this crisis and prevent the economy from degenerating into social crisis, this paper stipulates, depends on the strength of its institutions and infrastructure, ingenuity of the leaders, ...

  4. Global Financial Crisis and Vulnerability in Cambodia | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Global Financial Crisis and Vulnerability in Cambodia. The global financial crisis of 2008 has aggravated poverty and inequality through contractions in employment, consumption and investment. While there have been a number of studies of the effect of the crisis on Cambodia, there have been few on the coping strategies ...

  5. The real crisis of the church | Dreyer | HTS Teologiese Studies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    What is the real crisis of the church? Very often, clergy, churches and congregations experience a 'crisis' only when membership is in decline, resulting in financial hardship. Crisis is limited to stress which the church as institution experiences when structures, finance and traditions are under pressure. In this contribution, the ...

  6. Hoe de Nederlandse Overheid omging met de Crisis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.J.M. Kickert (Walter)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractAbstract This article presents a brief description how the Dutch government has responded to the financial, economic and fiscal crisis. Separate sections are devoted to the financial crisis in 2008 when government took various measures to support and save banks, to the economic crisis

  7. rapid increase in precaution The global financial crisis: origin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2010-05-01

    May 1, 2010 ... The financial crisis that erupted in September 2008—following more than two years of financial turmoil .... The study begins with a brief historical description of financial crises from the Great Depression of ... financial crisis of 1997/98 and the current global economic crisis (2008/09). [. The Great Depression.

  8. Tropospheric ozone profiles by DIAL at Maïdo Observatory (Reunion Island): system description, instrumental performance and result comparison with ozone external data set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duflot, Valentin; Baray, Jean-Luc; Payen, Guillaume; Marquestaut, Nicolas; Posny, Francoise; Metzger, Jean-Marc; Langerock, Bavo; Vigouroux, Corinne; Hadji-Lazaro, Juliette; Portafaix, Thierry; De Mazière, Martine; Coheur, Pierre-Francois; Clerbaux, Cathy; Cammas, Jean-Pierre

    2017-09-01

    In order to recognize the importance of ozone (O3) in the troposphere and lower stratosphere in the tropics, a DIAL (differential absorption lidar) tropospheric O3 lidar system (LIO3TUR) was developed and installed at the Université de la Réunion campus site (close to the sea) on Reunion Island (southern tropics) in 1998. From 1998 to 2010, it acquired 427 O3 profiles from the low to the upper troposphere and has been central to several studies. In 2012, the system was moved up to the new Maïdo Observatory facility (2160 m a.m.s.l. - metres above mean sea level) where it started operation in February 2013. The current system (LIO3T) configuration generates a 266 nm beam obtained with the fourth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser sent into a Raman cell filled up with deuterium (using helium as buffer gas), generating the 289 and 316 nm beams to enable the use of the DIAL method for O3 profile measurements. The optimal range for the actual system is 6-19 km a.m.s.l., depending on the instrumental and atmospheric conditions. For a 1 h integration time, vertical resolution varies from 0.7 km at 6 km a.m.s.l. to 1.3 km at 19 km a.m.s.l., and mean uncertainty within the 6-19 km range is between 6 and 13 %. Comparisons with eight electrochemical concentration cell (ECC) sondes simultaneously launched from the Maïdo Observatory show good agreement between data sets with a 6.8 % mean absolute relative difference (D) between 6 and 17 km a.m.s.l. (LIO3T lower than ECC). Comparisons with 37 ECC sondes launched from the nearby Gillot site during the daytime in a ±24 h window around lidar shooting result in a 9.4 % D between 6 and 19 km a.m.s.l. (LIO3T lower than ECC). Comparisons with 11 ground-based Network for Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer measurements acquired during the daytime in a ±24 h window around lidar shooting show good agreement between data sets with a D of 11.8 % for the 8.5-16 km partial column

  9. Contamination by Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp. and Listeria spp. of most popular chicken- and pork-sausages sold in Reunion Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimoulinard, A; Beral, M; Henry, I; Atiana, L; Porphyre, V; Tessier, C; Leclercq, A; Cardinale, E

    2017-06-05

    One of the most popular meat products of the local "cuisine" is sausage composed with 100% chicken or 100% pork. In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp. and Listeria spp. in chicken- and pork-sausages, quantify Salmonella spp. population and identify the factors that could be associated with contamination in the outlets. Two hundred and three batches of pork and chicken sausages were randomly collected from 67 local outlets (supermarkets, groceries and butcher shops). Salmonella spp. was detected in 11.8% (95% confidence interval (CI): [10.0; 13.5]) of samples, Campylobacter spp. in 1.5% [0.7; 4.2] and Listeria monocytogenes in 5.9% [4.4; 7.3]. Most probable number of Salmonella spp. varied between 6cfu per gram to 320cfu per gram. Salmonella serotypes isolated from pork and chicken sausages were S. Typhimurium (45.8%), S. London (20.8%), S. Derby (16.7%), S. Newport (8.33%), S. Blockley (4.2%) and S. Weltevreden (4.17%). Using a logistic (mixed-effect) regression model, we found that Salmonella spp. contamination was positively associated with sausages sold in papers or plastic bags and no control of rodents. Chicken sausages were associated with a decreasing risk of Salmonella contamination. Listeria monocytogenes contamination was positively associated with the presence of fresh rodent droppings in the outlet and negatively when the staff was cleaning regularly their hands with soap and water or water only. All the sampled outlets of Reunion Island were not equivalent in terms of food safety measures. Increasing awareness of these traders remains a cornerstone to limit the presence of Salmonella spp. and Listeria spp. in sausages, particularly in a tropical context (high temperature and humidity). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Analysis of gravity waves in the tropical middle atmosphere over La Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E with lidar using wavelet techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Chane-Ming

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available The capabilities of the continuous wavelet transform (CWT and the multiresolution analysis (MRA are presented in this work to measure vertical gravity wave characteristics. Wave properties are extracted from the first data set of Rayleigh lidar obtained between heights of 30 km and 60 km over La Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E during the Austral winter in 1994 under subtropical conditions. The altitude-wavelength representations deduced from these methods provide information on the time and spatial evolution of the wave parameters of the observed dominant modes in vertical profiles such as the vertical wavelengths, the vertical phase speeds, the amplitudes of temperature perturbations and the distribution of wave energy. The spectra derived from measurements show the presence of localized quasi-monochromatic structures with vertical wavelengths <10 km. Three methods based on the wavelet techniques show evidence of a downward phase progression. A first climatology of the dominant modes observed during the Austral winter period reveals a dominant night activity of 2 or 3 quasi-monochromatic structures with vertical wavelengths between 1-2 km from the stratopause, 3-4 km and 6-10 km observed between heights of 30 km and 60 km. In addition, it reveals a dominant activity of modes with a vertical phase speed of -0.3 m/s and observed periods peaking at 3-4 h and 9 h. The characteristics of averaged vertical wavelengths appear to be similar to those observed during winter in the southern equatorial region and in the Northern Hemisphere at mid-latitudes.Key words: Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (climatology; middle atmosphere dynamics; waves and tides

  11. Analysis of gravity waves in the tropical middle atmosphere over La Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E with lidar using wavelet techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Chane-Ming

    Full Text Available The capabilities of the continuous wavelet transform (CWT and the multiresolution analysis (MRA are presented in this work to measure vertical gravity wave characteristics. Wave properties are extracted from the first data set of Rayleigh lidar obtained between heights of 30 km and 60 km over La Reunion Island (21°S, 55°E during the Austral winter in 1994 under subtropical conditions. The altitude-wavelength representations deduced from these methods provide information on the time and spatial evolution of the wave parameters of the observed dominant modes in vertical profiles such as the vertical wavelengths, the vertical phase speeds, the amplitudes of temperature perturbations and the distribution of wave energy. The spectra derived from measurements show the presence of localized quasi-monochromatic structures with vertical wavelengths <10 km. Three methods based on the wavelet techniques show evidence of a downward phase progression. A first climatology of the dominant modes observed during the Austral winter period reveals a dominant night activity of 2 or 3 quasi-monochromatic structures with vertical wavelengths between 1-2 km from the stratopause, 3-4 km and 6-10 km observed between heights of 30 km and 60 km. In addition, it reveals a dominant activity of modes with a vertical phase speed of -0.3 m/s and observed periods peaking at 3-4 h and 9 h. The characteristics of averaged vertical wavelengths appear to be similar to those observed during winter in the southern equatorial region and in the Northern Hemisphere at mid-latitudes.

    Key words: Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (climatology; middle atmosphere dynamics; waves and tides

  12. From Subprime and Eurozone Crisis with Full Speed into the Next Financial Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strašek Sebastjan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an analysis of the road from subprime and eurozone crisis to the elements of a new systemic crisis. Our aim is to research common issues that accompany each of these crises and to explore elements that hint that the financial systems are moving toward a new crisis. By holding short-term interest rates near zero, the central banks have encouraged malinvestment and speculation. Fuelling the bubble is the fear of missing out on trade. We find that actual events and movements on security markets follow a typical pattern, which indicates a serious threat for the next financial crisis. We also find enough signs that old crises lessons haven’t been learned.

  13. Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... tobacco uselifestyle choices (such as diet and exercise)family historyfactors in your workplace and environment.How do I know if I am at ... you…Diet Choices to Prevent CancerRead Article >>Healthy Food ChoicesDiet Choices to ... is powered by © 2018 American Academy of Family Physicians

  14. Crisis communication online: How medium, crisis type and emotions affected public reactions in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Utz, S.; Schultz, F.

    2013-01-01

    Social media play in today's societies a fundamental role for the negotiation and dynamics of crises. However, classical crisis communication theories neglect the role of the medium and focus mainly on the interplay between crisis type and crisis communication strategy. Building on the recently

  15. THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS AND NATIONAL FINANCIAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. This paper focuses on global financial crisis and its implications on the economy of nations. The questions asked to which answers were given among others include: Is the globalization of finance profitable against the backdrop of the failure of banking institutions in the United States of. America that has ...

  16. Neoliberalism, Universities and the Discourse of Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez, Andrés; Hyslop-Margison, Emery

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberal ideology has enjoyed tremendous success over the past thirty-five years by discursively suppressing structural dissent among working and middle class citizens of industrialized countries. The general decline in economic conditions faced by contemporary workers, coupled with the 2008 global financial crisis, forced neoliberal advocates…

  17. National Conference on Energy Crisis and Environment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 1; Issue 12. National Conference on Energy Crisis and Environment. Information and Announcements Volume 1 Issue 12 December 1996 pp 92-92. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  18. Infertility: A Crisis with No Resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Robert R.; Koraleski, Stephanie

    1990-01-01

    Discusses helpful ways for mental health counselors to work with infertile clients, explaining nature of infertility, psychological crisis it provokes, common reactions of infertile clients, and strategies to help clients cope. Discusses specific strategies for assessing clients' potential for suicide or self-destructive acts and improving their…

  19. Infertility: An Unanticipated and Prolonged Life Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forrest, Linda; Gilbert, Mary S.

    1992-01-01

    Reviews literature on infertility with a focus on myths and misunderstandings about the causes of infertility; a description of the crisis of infertility including common psychological responses; the additional psychological complexity introduced by medical procedures and reproductive technology; and suggestions for mental health counselors.…

  20. Crisis, Inequality and Consumption - a Dutch Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wahlen, S.

    2016-01-01

    Inequalities have been exacerbating in the Netherlands since the economic crisis hit ground in 2008, with poverty increasing substantially. The amount of the Dutch population living under the poverty line increased from 7,4 % in 2010 to 10,3 % in 2013. Different types of household are affected:

  1. School Leadership in Times of Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Larry; Riley, Dan

    2012-01-01

    The leadership attributes and skills required of school leaders in times of crisis are fundamentally different from those generally required as part of the "normal" school environment. Strong school leadership generally is about positioning the school for the future, and about supporting and empowering staff and students in the pursuit of teaching…

  2. La crisis financiera de los Estados unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor J. Rubini

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo ofrece una visión comprehensiva de la presente crisis económica de los Estados Unidos, con énfasis en los determinantes y factores de riesgo que se encuentran en el sistema financiero de ese país.Se concluye que: a ha sido una crisis de desarrollo gradual, pero no prevista por la mayoría de los economistas, sorprendiendo pro su impacto recesivo y la diseminación internacional observada desde mediados de 2008, b es claro (ex post que Estados Unidos debe introducir reformas institucionales en su sistema financiero y en sus mercados de capitales, pero sus autoridades no parecen tener claro cuáles, c se trata de una crisis del sistema financiero, no de las instituciones jurídicas del capitalismo; d en materia macroeconómica, aún bajo el maquillaje de "reglas flexibles", es claro el fracaso de la discrecionalidad en la políticas monetaria, así como también el del implícito enfoque de la "autorregulación" de los mercados de la llamada "doctrina Greenspan", e Esta crisis ha evidenciado las notables falencias de la moderna macroeconomía dinámica basada en el paradigma de las expectativas racionales y de los mercados eficientes.

  3. The crisis of 'identity' in high modernity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendle, Mervyn F

    2002-03-01

    The concept of 'identity' is central to much contemporary sociology, reflecting a crisis that manifests itself in two ways. Firstly, there is a view that identity is both vital and problematic in this period of high modernity. Secondly, while this awareness is reflected in sociology, its accounts of identity are inconsistent, under-theorized and incapable of bearing the analytical load required. As a result, there is an inherent contradiction between a valuing of identity as so fundamental as to be crucial to personal well-being, and a theorization of 'identity' that sees it as something constructed, fluid, multiple, impermanent and fragmentary. The contemporary crisis of identity thus expresses itself as both a crisis of society, and a crisis of theory. This paper explores the diverse ways in which 'identity' is deployed before turning to case-studies of its use by Anthony Giddens and Manuel Castells. This strategy demonstrates the widespread and diverse concern with identity before exploring how problematic it has become, even in the work of two of the world's leading sociologists.

  4. Managing a mid-career crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, M A

    1994-09-01

    Recognizing career and life stages can enable individuals to ensure a smooth mid-career transition. Working together, nurses and the organization identify individual needs and potential causes of mid-career crisis as a self-managed career concept is formed.

  5. Did economic inequality cause the economic crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šuković Danilo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The sudden and large increase of interest in questions of distribution of wealth and economic inequality, arising in recent years, resulted primarily from the enormous increase in inequality that occurred during the last three decades. The global economic crisis that emerged in 2008 gave a new impetus to this research because numerous scientific studies appeared in which inequalities were given as one of the key causes of the crisis from which the world is slowly recovering. This is especially true in Europe, whose recovery is barely discernible. This paper analyzes the trends of economic inequality and points to the impact of inequality on economic growth. The central question in this paper, however, is whether the economic inequalities caused the economic crisis. Although opinions differ as to inequality’s impact on the occurrence of the crisis, the fact is that enormous economic inequalities, and especially their permanent growth, could have many negative effects, such as increasing poverty, increasing social stratification and causing global economic crises. As many authors have pointed out, escalating inequality is not an inevitable price of progress. On the contrary, it is a political decision that often has expensive ramifications.

  6. Crisis Management in a Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barclay, Colette

    2004-01-01

    Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, and Columbine High School, USA. Two headline tragedies that have led to trauma for their pupils and staff. Trauma that could be devastating because of the psychological impact and the practical requirements a crisis brings. Children's social and personal development can be negatively affected, their academic…

  7. Hyperparathyroid crisis presenting with hyperemesis gravidarum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Banu Aktaş; Altay, Mustafa; Değertekin, Ceyla Konca; Çimen, Ali Riza; Iyidir, Özlem Turhan; Biri, Aydan; Yüksel, Osman; Törüner, Füsun Baloş; Arslan, Metin

    2014-10-01

    Primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy is a rare condition, and the diagnosis may be confounded by pregnancy related conditions. Since the appropriate management reduces the maternal and fetal complications; differential diagnosis becomes quite crucial. Clinical course of a patient with hyperparathyroid crisis will be discussed with the review of the literature. A 22-year- old, (gravida 2, para 1) woman was presented with hyperparathyroid crisis at the 11th weeks' gestation. She was hospitalized twice due to hyperemesis gravidarum. When she was admitted to the hospital for the third time due to increased vomiting and weight-loss, serum biochemistry panel was performed and it revealed severe hypercalcemia that serum Ca was 17.59 mg/dl, and she was referred to our hospital as parathyroid crisis. Maternal hypercalcemia was resolved after urgent parathyroidectomy. She was diagnosed as preeclampsia at the 30 weeks' gestation and delivered a male infant weighing 1,090 g at 33 weeks' gestation with APGAR scores 6 at 1 min, and 7 at min 5, without evidence of neonatal hypocalcemia or tetany. Urgent parathyroidectomy is the definite treatment in symptomatic patients with hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy. Resolving maternal hypercalcemia prevents neonatal tetany and hypocalcemia. Hyperemesis may lead to hypercalcemic crisis in patients with hyperparathyroidism, so serum Ca level should be checked in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum especially who detoriate rapidly. Although they share some common pathogenetic mechanisms, there is not enough evidence for attributing preeclampsia to primary hyperparathyroidism.

  8. Crisis Group Fellowship Program | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    In much of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and West Africa, there is a dearth of research, training and employment opportunities in the social sciences, particularly in the area of research and policy analysis on local conflicts. The Crisis Group has long considered establishing a fellowship program in order to train a ...

  9. Reinhart Koselleck’s work on crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Bizas, Konstantinos

    2016-01-01

    Reinhart Koselleck's celebrated work on the concept of crisis highlights trends present in the intellectual context of its time and bears a significant impact in contemporary academic trends. The essay analyses Koselleck‟s choices in the study of “crisis” from Antiquity until the 20th century and draws conclusions on methodology, disciplinary trends and socio-political consequences of academic work.

  10. Culture and Crisis Response in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annan, Jean; Dean, Shelley; Henry, Geoff; McGhie, Desiree; Phillipson, Roger

    2010-01-01

    New Zealand is a bicultural nation, founded on the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi by the native Maori and the British Crown. It is also home to people from many countries, cultures and ethnicities. Therefore, culturally-relevant response to crisis events has become a significant aspect of the Ministry of Education's interdisciplinary Traumatic…

  11. The Impact of Economic Crisis on Happiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

    2013-01-01

    There is a common belief that economic crisis will lead to a decrease in subjective wellbeing. Previous studies indicate that income is correlated with happiness and unemployment with unhappiness. The relationship between increased income and happiness is well documented while the impact of decreased income has been less explored. The aim of this…

  12. Institutional Bricolage in Times of Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Martin B.

    2017-01-01

    create new institutional setups through the re-ordering of existing institutional elements. The empirical relevance of these arguments is demonstrated with a study of post-crisis special bank insolvency policies in Denmark and the United States, showing how in both polities new institutions were created...

  13. Reducing the Risk of Economic Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Feldstein

    1991-01-01

    This paper examines the four most important potential economic crises that the United Stares fared in the 1980s in order to see what lessons can be drawn, individually and collectively, from these experiences: (1) the-developing country debt crisis; (2) the 1907 stork marker crash; (3) failures of savings and loan institutions; and (4) commercial bank failures.

  14. Confidentiality in Crisis Counseling: A Philosophical Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, David J.

    1984-01-01

    Crisis interventionists frequently confront a moral dilemma when violating client trust seems necessary if self-destructive behavior is to be prevented. Concern for client welfare and respect for client rights and autonomy which are grounded in Utilitarianism and Kantian Formalism, respectively, conflict in such cases. These theories are examined,…

  15. A critical thinking environment for crisis response

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ven, J.G.M. van de; Neef, R.M.

    2006-01-01

    Building up a proper understanding of a large-scale incident is an important and difficult process. We envision a working environment for decision makers in crisis management situations that allows them to work with information in various ways. That will stimulate them to think critically in

  16. Standards for Crisis Intervention Outreach Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langan, Charles J.

    The shift in mental health delivery systems from a centralized to a decentralized community-based system requires quality service standards from both a professional and a service implementation viewpoint. The present paper sets forth the basic and preliminary structure for standards for crisis outreach services. Definitions are presented which…

  17. Crimean Crisis and Military Balance in Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongshu Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available As the Crimean Crisis goes on, many analysis have been focusing on the dynamics among parties of Ukraine, the EU, the US and Russia. Very few noticed another important strategic impact the Crisis may cause: the Chinese military rebalancing in East Asia. China has been increasingly confident in assuming both political and military power in the East Asian region. The confidence resulted in the South China Sea disputes with ASEAN countries, “Anti-Secession Law” against Taiwan, and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands Dispute with Japan. Behind such confidence of China, the EU has consistently been exporting defence products to China since the end of the Cold War; Ukraine, although sometimes reluctantly, has also been backing China along the process of building up a stronger navy as well as other defense industry construction; Russia has traditionally been supplying China with a wide range of military hardware. It can be noticed that the Crimean Crisis involved three out of four countries and region that have been behind China’s rise. How will the Crimean Crisis influence China’s rebalance in East Asia then? The answers stay opaque. This paper will attempt to answer the questions.

  18. The University and the Secular Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hall

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis of 2008 was followed by a persistent recession, with low levels of growth, weak aggregate demand, and high levels of underemployment or unemployment. For several recent authors this forced an engagement with the idea that the global economy is witnessing a secular stagnation or crisis. This article is situated against the changing landscape of English HE and seeks to understand the implications of the secular crisis on that sector, and on the idea of the University. It examines how responses to the secular crisis have amplified the twin forces of marketization and financialisation that are reconstituting the higher education sector for the production, circulation and accumulation of value. It then places this analysis inside the political economic realities of 'there is no alternative' to the logic of choice and competition. The argument is then made that as this cultural turn affects the idea of what the University is 'for', both historically and materially, academics and students need to consider the potential for developing post-capitalist alternatives. The central point is that by developing a critique of the restructuring of higher education and of the idea of the University through political economy, alternative forms of knowing and developing socially-useful practices can emerge.

  19. The Eurozone Crisis: A Constitutional Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Sting

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available “Every power comes through crisis” has long been a motif of European integration. The financial and sovereign debt crises, which have shaken the European Union (EU in recent years, are at first glance no different. Treaty reforms, intergovernmental treaties such as the Fiscal Compact and the Treaty Establishing a European Stability Mechanism (ESM Treaty have significantly altered the constitutional landscape of the EU and its Member States. The crisis has also inspired many European legal scholars to critically analyse the EU’s system of economic governance, as have other events throughout the history of the European Union, from the Empty Chair Crisis to the referenda in the aftermath of the Treaty of Maastricht and the failure of the Constitution for the European Union. What does seem to be different is the way in which scholars approach the issue of the Eurozone crisis. Instead of a purely legal perspective on economic governance, European legal scholars have realised that in order to understand and analyse the euro crisis, interdisciplinarity is the word of the moment.

  20. Managing a Crisis with Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, T. Gregory

    2012-01-01

    Thanks to the proliferation of handheld devices and social media such as Facebook and Twitter, people can share information instantly and succinctly. The December 8, 2011, shooting on the Virginia Tech campus underscores how important it is for information to go out quickly but accurately to help school administrators effectively manage a crisis.…