WorldWideScience

Sample records for california iso control

  1. Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management System to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control Areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Yang, Bo; DeSteese, John G.;

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of mitigating additional intermittency and fast ramps that are expected to occur at high penetration levels of intermittent resources, including wind generation resources, in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the California Independent System Operator (C...

  2. Experience with ISO quality control in assisted reproductive technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alper, Michael M

    2013-12-01

    Assisted reproductive technology (ART) programs are complex organizations requiring the integration of multiple disciplines. ISO 9001:2008 is a quality management system that is readily adaptable to an ART program. The value that ISO brings to the entire organization includes control of documents, clear delineation of responsibilities of staff members, documentation of the numerous processes and procedures, improvement in tracking and reducing errors, and overall better control of systems. A quality ART program sets quality objectives and monitors their progress. ISO provides a sense of transparency within the organization and clearer understanding of how service is provided to patients. Most importantly, ISO provides the framework to allow for continual improvement.

  3. Quality control with R an ISO standards approach

    CERN Document Server

    Cano, Emilio L; Prieto Corcoba, Mariano

    2015-01-01

    Presenting a practitioner's guide to capabilities and best practices of quality control systems using the R programming language, this volume emphasizes accessibility and ease-of-use through detailed explanations of R code as well as standard statistical methodologies. In the interest of reaching the widest possible audience of quality-control professionals and statisticians, examples throughout are structured to simplify complex equations and data structures, and to demonstrate their applications to quality control processes, such as ISO standards. The volume balances its treatment of key aspects of quality control, statistics, and programming in R, making the text accessible to beginners and expert quality control professionals alike. Several appendices serve as useful references for ISO standards and common tasks performed while applying quality control with R.

  4. A comparative study among fossil fuel power plants in PJM and California ISO by DEA environmental assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study compares among fossil fuel power plants in PJM and California ISO by their unified (operational and environmental) performance. DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) is used as a methodology. For comparative analysis, DEA incorporates strategic concepts such as natural and managerial disposability into the computational process. This study explores both how to measure Returns to Scale (RTS) under natural disposability and how to measure Damages to Scale (DTS) under managerial disposability. This empirical study obtains two implications on US energy policy. One of the two policy implications is that California ISO outperforms PJM in terms of the three unified efficiency measures. The result implies that strict regulation on undesirable outputs, as found in California, is important in enhancing the performance of US fossil fuel power plants. Thus, it is necessary for federal and local governments to regulate the fossil fuel power plants under the strict implementation of environmental protection. Under such a policy direction, it is possible for US fossil fuel power plants to attain economic prosperity (by enhancing their operational efficiencies) and to satisfy environmental regulation (by enhancing their environmental efficiencies). The other policy implication is that coal-fired and gas-fired power plants in PJM and California ISO need to reduce their operational sizes or introduce technology innovation on desirable and undesirable outputs and/or new management for environmental protection within their operations. Meanwhile, oil-fired power plants may increase their operational sizes if they can introduce technology innovation and new management on undesirable outputs. - Highlights: • This study compares fossil fuel power plants in PJM and California ISO. • California ISO outperforms PJM in terms of their unified efficiency measures. • Regulation by Clean Air Act is important for environmental protection. • Fossil fuel power plants need technology

  5. Implementation OCTAVE-S and ISO 27001Controls in Risk Management Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanus

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Extensive use of information technology in companies put IT into a position which is of considerable concern, especially in large companies that put IT becomes a strategic part of the company. The importance of IT division, make the companies willing to pay big to get the benefits offered by IT itself, but on the other hand appears disappointment incurred from investments are not comparable with the results obtained. Until the threat appear and disrupt the business of the company. By doing risk management using the OCTAVE-S, particularly in smaller companies, can help companies to be growing, the company can find out the weaknesses and threats that may arise that could disrupt the company's business, helped by the standard controls that are owned by the ISO / EIC 27001 : 2005 helps companies to prepare implement ISO / EIC 27001:2005 later.

  6. Application of the user-centred design process according ISO 9241-210 in air traffic control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    König, Christina; Hofmann, Thomas; Bruder, Ralph

    2012-01-01

    Designing a usable human machine interface for air traffic control is challenging and should follow approved methods. The ISO 9241-210 standard promises high usability of products by integrating future users and following an iterative process. This contribution describes the proceeding and first results of the analysis and application of ISO 9241-210 to develop a planning tool for air traffic controllers. PMID:22316717

  7. Tobacco Control in California 2003-2007: Missed Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, MPH, Mi-Kyung; Barnes,, Richard L JD; Glantz,, Stanton PhD

    2007-01-01

    While smoking prevalence in California continued its decline (reaching an historic low of 13.3% in 2006), this rate was slower than in earlier years, reflecting the fact that tobacco control efforts in California in the period 2003-2007 continued to drift, with no clear indications that California would regain its international leadership in tobacco control. Neither the Schwarzenegger Administration nor the California Legislature sought to divert the Proposition 99 funding allocation...

  8. [Approval of ISO/IEC 17025 and quality control of laboratory testing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Shigeki; Asakura, Hiroshi; Machii, Kenji; Igimi, Shizunobu

    2010-01-01

    First section of Division of Biomedical Food Research, National Institute of Health Sciences (NIHS) was approved by ISO/IEC 17025 as a laboratory having an appropriate laboratory testing technique. NIHS is the first national laboratory approved by ISO/IEC 17025. NIHS has also been accepted the appropriate technique and facility for the BSL3 level pathogens by ISO/IEC 17025. NIHS is necessary to take an external audit almost every year. This approval is renewed every 4 years. PMID:21381399

  9. ISO 21500

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández González, Javier

    2014-01-01

    [ANGLÈS] This project aims to study the UNE-ISO 21500:2012. The UNE-ISO 21500 provides a high level description of the concepts and processes that are considered to be good practice in project management. The principles and guidelines of the ISO 21500 standard is presented and the design process of a photovoltaic solar plant using the methodology ISO 21500 will be analyzed.

  10. [Practical aspects of implementation quality management system ISO 9001:2000 by hospital infection control team].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuziemski, Arkadiusz; Czerniak, Beata; Frankowska, Krystyna; Gonia, Ewa; Salińska, Teresa; Motuk, Andrzej; Sobociński, Zbigniew

    2009-01-01

    In 2006 the Board of the Jan Biziel Hospital in Bydgoszcz decided to include procedures of health services in the implementation process within the confines of ISO 9001:2000 certification. The hospital infection control team that has operated in the hospital since 1989 performed the analysis of the forms of activities to date and on that basis the team prepared original plan of quality management. In April 2007, this plan was successfully accepted by the certifying team. The aim of this study is to present the aforementioned plan which is the result of 18 years experience of the team. At the same time, I hope that this study will be very helpful for all professionals interested in hospital epidemiology, especially in the context of implementing quality management systems.

  11. IMPLEMENTATION OF SECURITY CONTROLS ACCORDING TO ISO/IEC 27002 IN A SMALL ORGANISATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MATÚŠ HORVÁTH

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Information security should be today a key issue in any organization. With the implementation of information security management system (ISMS the organization can identify and reduce risks in this area. This the area of information security management covers a numbers of ISO / IEC 27000 standards, which are based on best practice solutions. However, smaller organizations are often discourages with the implementation of these systems, because of fear of high cost and complexity. Especially due to the fact that the standards does not strictly require implementation of all security controls it is possible to implement these systems in small-size organizations. In this article, we want to point on this fact through describing practical experience with ISMS implementation in small-size organization.

  12. Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers

    OpenAIRE

    David I. Levine; Michael W. Toffel

    2008-01-01

    Several studies have examined how the ISO 9001 quality management systems standard predicts changes in organizational outcomes such as profits. This is the first large-scale study to explore how employee outcomes such as employment, earnings, and health and safety change when employers adopt ISO 9001. We analyzed a matched sample of nearly 1,000 companies in California. ISO 9001 adopters subsequently had far lower organizational death rates than a matched control group of nonadopters. Among s...

  13. ISO 9002 as Literacy Practice: Coping with Quality-Control Documents in a High-Tech Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleifgen, Jo Anne

    2005-01-01

    This study describes the process by which a circuit board manufacturing company became certified in an international quality control program known as ISO 9002. Particular attention is paid to how quality documents were made and used in actual practice and to the relationship between these standardized procedures (official literacies) and…

  14. Controls over nitrogen cycling in California chaparral

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanan, E. J.; Schimel, J.

    2013-12-01

    Chaparral landscapes of southern California and other Mediterranean-type ecosystems are structured by fire. They exist in environments that typically do not receive rain for 6 months or more at a time, making combustion inevitable. The heavy winter rains following fire can erode soil and leach nutrients such as nitrogen into streams and reservoirs, particularly along slopes that have been denuded. The extent to which nitrogen is cycled and redistributed following fire is a function of the rate at which soil microbes metabolize nitrogen into mobile forms such as nitrate. However, the specific mechanisms controlling nitrogen metabolism in chaparral are not fully understood. We measured mineralization and nitrification rates in ecosystems dominated by species typical of southern and central California chaparral, and conducted a laboratory incubation to experimentally examine the influence of pH, charcoal, and ammonium supply on nitrogen dynamics. Nitrate production was significantly enhanced in recently burned chaparral, which correlated with elevated soil pH. Enhanced pH can both raise the solubility of soil organic matter, and stimulate nitrification, while fires simultaneously release nitrifying bacteria from competition with vegetation for ammonium. To further explore these processes, we applied ammonium, pH, and charcoal treatments to samples from 4 chaparral stands, which burned 1, 4, 20 and 40 years ago, using a factorial design. Treated soils were incubated in mason jars at 50% water holding capacity for 8 weeks. Soil respiration, substrate induced respiration, mineralization, nitrification, and nitrification potential were measured periodically to evaluate whether ammonium addition, pH and the presence of charcoal influence substrate production and nitrification. The threat nitrate of leaching following fire grows with climate change, because fire and precipitation regimes are expected to become both increasingly variable and punctuated by more intense events

  15. A Preliminary Analysis of California's New Local Control Funding Formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Rebecca; Sands, Janelle

    2016-01-01

    California recently overhauled its K-12 public education finance system. Enacted in 2013, the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) replaced California's 40-year-old funding formula. The LCFF increases district officials' fiscal flexibility; provides more resources to districts serving larger proportions of low-income, English learner (EL), and…

  16. Seizing the Moment for Transformation: California's Local Control Funding Formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Karen Hawley; Feinberg, Randi

    2014-01-01

    In 2013 California adopted a new funding formula that includes a significant reinvestment in public education after years of budget cuts. The new law allocates funds differently, directing more resources to students with higher needs and providing more local control and greater transparency. This revolutionary change presents California districts…

  17. ISO radiation sterilization standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation provides an overview of the current status of the ISO radiation sterilization standards. The ISO standards are voluntary standards which detail both the validation and routine control of the sterilization process. ISO 11137 was approved in 1994 and published in 1995. When reviewing the standard you will note that less than 20% of the standard is devoted to requirements and the remainder is guidance on how to comply with the requirements. Future standards developments in radiation sterilization are being focused on providing additional guidance. The guidance that is currently provided in informative annexes of ISO 11137 includes: device/packaging materials, dose setting methods, and dosimeters and dose measurement, currently, there are four Technical Reports being developed to provide additional guidance: 1. AAMI Draft TIR, 'Radiation Sterilization Material Qualification' 2. ISO TR 13409-1996, 'Sterilization of health care products - Radiation sterilization - Substantiation of 25 kGy as a sterilization dose for small or infrequent production batches' 3. ISO Draft TR, 'Sterilization of health care products - Radiation sterilization Selection of a sterilization dose for a single production batch' 4. ISO Draft TR, 'Sterilization of health care products - Radiation sterilization-Product Families, Plans for Sampling and Frequency of Dose Audits'

  18. 企业建立基于ISO 22000标准的食品安全管理体系的探讨%The Enterprises Establishes Based on the ISO 22000 Standard Food Safety Control System′s Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代雨滨

    2009-01-01

    介绍了ISO 22000标准,分别从明确管理职责、建立前提方案、危害分析等方面入手,阐述了基于ISO 22000标准的食品安全管理体系建立的主要措施,提出了企业食品安全管理体系的控制措施,以期为企业建立有效的食品安全管理体系提供参考.%The Standard ISO 22000 was introduced. The main methods of establishment on food safety control system were expounded based on the ISO 22000 standard through the factors such as definituding management responsibilities,establishing the premise of program and hazard analysis. The control measures on food safety control system were put forward to provide reference for the enterprises to establish effective food safety control system.

  19. ISO 14001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001, the international standard for environmental management systems (EMS). The standard is a process standard that leaves room for interpretation at company level as well as among lead auditors from certifying bodies....... The paper questions whether the interpretation of the standard is uniform both at national and international levels. The paper also suggests changes of ISO 14001 in order to formulate more clear demands of environmental improvements, to include demand for publication of an environmental report...... and to include product focus more clearly. Secondly the paper briefly presents a cases study of four companies in the automotive industry in South Africa, related to the discussions of ISO 14001 and compliance with environmental regulation....

  20. Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuckerman, Amy

    2000-01-01

    Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

  1. ISO 9000: The Librarian's Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Chris; Ernst, Carolyn

    1999-01-01

    Describes the special library's role in implementing ISO 9000 (i.e., a series of international quality-assurance standards developed by the International Organization of Standards). Topics discussed include document and data control, keeping the standards current, documentation of procedures, the ISO 9000 audit, and benefits for the library. (MES)

  2. Impact of California air quality control policies on the use and demand for natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the impact of California's air quality control policies on the use of natural gas. In this paper the author would like to briefly review the regulatory structure for air pollution control in California, summarize the requirement of the California Clean Air Act of 1988, and discuss the impacts of our regulatory programs on the use and demand for natural gas

  3. Control of the California Extremely Large Telescope primary mirror

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMartin, Douglas G.; Chanan, Gary A.

    2003-01-01

    The current design concept for the California Extremely Large Telescope (CELT) includes 1080 segments in the primary mirror, with the out-of-plane degrees of freedom actively controlled. We construct the control matrix for this active control system, and describe its singular modes and sensor noise propagation. Data from the Keck telescopes are used to generate realistic estimates of the control system contributions to the CELT wavefront error and wavefront gradient error. Based on these estimates, control system noise will not significantly degrade either seeing-limited or diffraction-limited observations. The use of supplemental wavefront information for real-time control is therefore not necessary. We also comment briefly on control system bandwidth requirements and limitations.

  4. Design of a Fractional Order Phase Shaper for Iso-damped Control of a PHWR under Step-back Condition

    CERN Document Server

    Saha, Suman; Ghosh, Ratna; Goswami, Bhaswati; Balasubramanian, R; Chandra, A K; Das, Shantanu; Gupta, Amitava; 10.1109/TNS.2010.2047405

    2012-01-01

    Phase shaping using fractional order (FO) phase shapers has been proposed by many contemporary researchers as a means of producing systems with iso-damped closed loop response due to a stepped variation in input. Such systems, with the closed loop damping remaining invariant to gain changes can be used to produce dead-beat step response with only rise time varying with gain. This technique is used to achieve an active step-back in a Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) where it is desired to change the reactor power to a pre-determined value within a short interval keeping the power undershoot as low as possible. This paper puts forward an approach as an alternative for the present day practice of a passive step-back mechanism where the control rods are allowed to drop during a step-back action by gravity, with release of electromagnetic clutches. The reactor under a step-back condition is identified as a system using practical test data and a suitable Proportional plus Integral plus Derivative (PID) contro...

  5. Application of PDCA Cycle-based Quality Control System in ISO9001 Standardization of Our Department%基于PDCA循环的质量管理体系在我科ISO9001贯标中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁进; 赵树进; 季波; 吴新荣; 蒋琳兰

    2005-01-01

    目的:在药剂科推行 ISO9001标准质量管理体系.方法:将 PDCA循环(策划-实施-检查-改进)的程序和方法应用于我科 ISO9001质量认证贯标工作中.结果:基于 PDCA循环的 ISO9001标准在我科贯标中的应用获得成功.结论:遵循 PDCA循环进行 ISO9001质量认证行之有效.

  6. Diseño e implantación de un sistema integrado de gestión de calidad y medio ambiente (ISO 9001:2000 e ISO 14001:2004) en la empresa control de calidad Tedecom, S.L.

    OpenAIRE

    Maeztu Herrera, Tania

    2006-01-01

    El presente proyecto tiene como objeto el diseño e implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Integrado de Calidad y Medioambiente para la empresa Control de Calidad Tedecom S.L., basándose en las normas ISO 9001:2000 e ISO 14000:2004, así como la obtención de la certificación por parte de una entidad acreditativa.

  7. Compliance with infection control procedures among California orthodontists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, J; Anderson, R; Maguire, B; Gerbert, B

    1992-07-01

    We conducted a survey of a random sample of California orthodontists and of general dentists to compare their infection control procedures. Questionnaires were returned by 124 orthodontists (56% response rate) and 126 general dentists (61% response rate). Eighteen questions were asked covering practice profile, perception of risk from hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), exposure to blood, barrier protection used, and sterilization and disinfection procedures. Gloves always were worn by 80% of the orthodontists sampled, 63% always wore glasses, and 59% changed gloves between patients. Orthodontists sterilized their instruments 66% of the time and pliers 49% of the time. Compared with general dentists, orthodontists' perception of risk, use of barrier protection, and sterilization and disinfection procedures were lower in all areas. Our data suggest that poorer performance may be because orthodontists: (1) perceive their younger population of patients at less risk for HBV and HIV; (2) treat 2.5 times as many patients, which increases the costs of infection control; (3) do not use invasive procedures; and (4) perceive that glove use decreases dexterity. Orthodontists should follow the American Dental Association/Council on Dental Therapeutics infection control guidelines for universal precautions. To meet these guidelines, orthodontists still need improvement in all aspects of their infection control procedures.

  8. Strengthen Quality Control of Sci-tech Journals by Referring to Management Principle of ISO 9000%借鉴ISO 9000的管理思想加强科技期刊全面质量管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周传敬

    2001-01-01

    科技期刊质量管理应该进入“全面质量管理"阶段,采用先进标准,实行标准化。ISO 9000族标准为国际标准化组织(International Organization for Standardization,ISO)TC176质量管理和质量保证技术委员会所制订的技术标准。ISO 9000族标准自1987年3月发布以来,在短短的十几年即为世界各国接受,在国际标准推广工作中极为少见,故被称为“ISO 9000现象”。此现象应引起科技期刊工作者的注意。结合科技期刊质量管理,阐述ISO 9000族标准的质量管理原则,并简介了2000版ISO 9000族标准的结构。提出科技期刊质量管理应该借鉴ISO 9000族质量管理思想和标准。

  9. Building the evaluation capacity of California's local tobacco control programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treiber, Jeanette; Cassady, Diana; Kipke, Robin; Kwon, Nicole; Satterlund, Travis

    2011-11-01

    Successful evaluation capacity building requires a dynamic balance between responding to local agency needs and ensuring that local staff have appropriate skills to conduct rigorous evaluations. In 2004, the California Tobacco Control Program established the Tobacco Control Evaluation Center (TCEC), based at a public research university, to provide evaluation technical assistance to approximately 100 local agencies implementing tobacco control programs. TCEC has been responsive to local needs, for instance, by answering 512 technical assistance requests in the first 5 years of operation and by tailoring training according to needs assessment results. About 50% of the technical assistance requests were for new data collection instruments (n = 255). TCEC has sought proactively to improve local evaluation skills, most recently in a data analysis and report writing skill building campaign that included a webinar, newsletter, and seven regional training meetings. Preliminary analysis suggests a 20% improvement in scores for the local final evaluation reports as a result of this campaign. It is concluded that evaluation technical assistance can be provided effectively by a university as long as the local context is kept in mind, and a balance of responsive and proactive technical assistance is provided. PMID:22068574

  10. 76 FR 31242 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Santa Barbara County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations... Identification of plan. * * * * * (c) * * * (359) * * * (i) * * * (E) Santa Barbara County Air Pollution Control... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Santa Barbara County...

  11. Information security risk management for ISO27001/ISO27002

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, A; Watkins, S

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on international best practice, including ISO/IEC 27005, NIST SP800-30 and BS7799-3, the book explains in practical detail how to carry out an information security risk assessment. It covers key topics, such as risk scales, threats and vulnerabilities, selection of controls, and roles and responsibilities, and includes advice on choosing risk assessment software.

  12. The Application of ISO 9000 Quality Control System in the Medical Equipment Management%ISO 9000质量管理体系在医疗设备管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马巧云

    2006-01-01

    叙述了医院中应用ISO 9000管理体系的重要性,介绍了为应用ISO 9000质量管理体系而建立的若干程序文件和相关管理软件,及其实行后的效果.该系统通过上海市科学技术成果鉴定.

  13. Spatial and temporal controls on Southern California's large fires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Y.; Hall, A. D.; Randerson, J. T.; Goulden, M.

    2010-12-01

    The largest and most destructive fires in Southern California occur during intense Santa Ana wind events. Predicting how these fires and subsequent impacts on ecosystem recovery, air quality, and human health are likely to change in the future requires an understanding of how fire weather, vegetation, and land use control contemporary fires and how they interact. We combined a multi-decade reconstruction of climate at 6 km resolution simulated with MM5 and a long term record of vegetation conditions at 1 km resolution derived from AVHRR and MODIS satellites to examine the spatial and temporal patterns of large fires from 1990 to 2008 as reported in California’s Fire and Resource Assessment Program (FRAP) historical fire perimeter data. Various statistical tests were performed to examine the controls for fire frequency and fire size, from both spatial and interannual perspectives. We constructed empirical models of fire occurrence and burned area for each ecological unit as a function of vegetation composition, fire weather, antecedent climate, and human activities. This study has policy implications for large fire management and mitigation strategies.

  14. ISO27001 / ISO27002 a pocket guide

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Information is one of your organisation's most important resources. Keeping it secure is therefore vital to your business. This handy pocket guide is an essential overview of two key information security standards that cover the formal requirements (ISO27001:2013) for creating an Information Security Management System (ISMS), and the best-practice recommendations (ISO27002:2013) for those responsible for initiating, implementing or maintaining it.

  15. 76 FR 67184 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Large Spark-Ignition (LSI) Engines...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ...).\\7\\ \\5\\ 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). \\6\\ See 62 FR 67733 (December 30, 1997). The applicable... the California standard. \\7\\ See 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). In order to be consistent with section... AGENCY California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Large Spark-Ignition (LSI)...

  16. 76 FR 38153 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Commercial Harbor Craft Regulations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... standard. \\11\\ See 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). In order to be consistent with section 209(a), California's... AGENCY California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Commercial Harbor Craft Regulations... nitrogen from new and in-use diesel- fueled engines on commercial harbor craft. CARB has requested that...

  17. 78 FR 51724 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Tractor-Trailer Greenhouse Gas...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... the federal requirements with the same test vehicle in the course of the same test. See, e.g., 43 FR... AGENCY California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Tractor-Trailer Greenhouse Gas...: The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has notified EPA that it has adopted a...

  18. Prospects for integrated control of olive fruit fly are promising in California

    OpenAIRE

    Collier, Timothy R.; Van Steenwyk, Robert A.

    2003-01-01

    The recent invasion of California by the olive fruit fly has the potential to devastate commercial olive production throughout the state. Fortunately, much is known about this pest in Europe, and prospects for olive fruit fly control in Calif-ornia are good. Effective manage-ment is likely to result from careful monitoring and properly timed chemical control. Suppression of olive fruit fly populations on ornamental and residential olive trees using biological control may also contribute to ov...

  19. Design and Control of Self-Heat Recuperative Distillation Process for Separation of Close-Boiling Mixtures:n-Butanol and iso-Butanol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Lumin; Liu Yuliang; Zhai Jian; Sun Lanyi; Tian Yuanyu

    2015-01-01

    In order to explore the advantages of self-heat recuperative distillation (SHRD) process, the design and control of the SHRD process was studied for the separation ofn-butanol and iso-butanol mixtures. The economic superiority of SHRD process is presented when a comparison on the total annual cost (TAC) of the conventional distillation process, the vapor recompression distillation process and the SHRD process was made. For the SHRD process, 37.74% and 11.35% savings of TAC can be achieved as compared to the conventional distillation process and vapor recompression distillation process, respectively. The dynamic characteristics of this promising SHRD sequence had been studied, and the dynamic responses demonstrated that 10% changes in both feed lfow rate and feed composition can be well handled by the control strategy with dual-temperature control. It is proven that the SHRD system not only can provide economical savings but also can operate normally with good controllability.

  20. California`s schedule coordinator : market maker with advantage?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woychik, E.C. [Strategy Integration, Oakland, CA (United States)

    1998-07-01

    The new role for Schedule Coordinators (SCs) in California`s newly restructured electric power industry was discussed. The SC concept and its complex roles in the physical (as opposed to financial) markets for power was described. The role of the SC is to negotiate generator and load changes with its client participants. The SC can reflect any contracted-for arrangement in its next set of schedules to the ISO. The SC is free to negotiate any bilateral contract with or between client participants and can combine any or all contracts between market participants. California`s Power Exchange (PX) is also considered a SC, but compared to other SCs, it has restricted capabilities. The PX is a market maker that accepts day-ahead and hour-ahead energy bids (supply and demand) and loads. If market power abuse becomes evident, FERC can re-regulate the ISO and PX. The implications of this experiment for electricity reforms are enormous. In the past the concern was on concentration of generation ownership. In the future competitors may have to focus on concentration of generation control through SCs. The industry will have to be vigilant to ensure that the experiment leads to dynamic rivalry of companies and not to the pursuit and capture of monopoly powers.

  1. The Relationship between the Training Function and ISO-9000 Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Randy C.; Jost, Karen L.

    ISO 9000 is one of a series of international standards providing guidelines and governing quality of products and services. The ISO 9000 certification demonstrates the capability of a supplier to control the processes that determine the acceptability of the product or service being supplied. This paper focuses on the training aspects of ISO 9000…

  2. Feasibility study and uncertainties in the validation of an existing safety-related control circuit with the ISO 13849-1:2006 design standard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In industry, machine users and people who modify or integrate equipment often have to evaluate the safety level of a safety-related control circuit that they have not necessarily designed. The modifications or integrations may involve work to make an existing machine that does not comply with normative or regulatory specifications safe. However, how can a circuit performing a safety function be validated a posteriori? Is the validation exercise feasible? What are the difficulties and limitations of such a procedure? The aim of this article is to answer these questions by presenting a validation study of a safety function of an existing machine. A plastic injection molding machine is used for this study, as well as standard ISO 13849-1:2006. Validation consists of performing an a posteriori (post-design) estimation of the performance level of the safety function. The procedure is studied for two contexts of use of the machine: in industry, and in laboratory. The calculations required by the ISO standard were done using Excel, followed by SIStema software. It is shown that, based on the context of use, the estimated performance level was different for the same safety-related circuit. The variability in the results is explained by the assumptions made by the person undertaking the validation without the involvement of the machine designer. - Highlights: • Validation of the performance level of a safety function is undertaken. • An injection molding machine and ISO 13849-1:2006 standard are used for the procedure. • The procedure is undertaken for two contexts of use of the machine. • In this study, the performance level depends on the context of use. • The assumptions made throughout the study partially explain this difference

  3. Extended state observer–based fractional order proportional–integral–derivative controller for a novel electro-hydraulic servo system with iso-actuation balancing and positioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Gao

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at balancing and positioning of a new electro-hydraulic servo system with iso-actuation configuration, an extended state observer–based fractional order proportional–integral–derivative controller is proposed in this study. To meet the lightweight requirements of heavy barrel weapons with large diameters, an electro-hydraulic servo system with a three-chamber hydraulic cylinder is especially designed. In the electro-hydraulic servo system, the balance chamber of the hydraulic cylinder is used to realize active balancing of the unbalanced forces, while the driving chambers consisting of the upper and lower chambers are adopted for barrel positioning and dynamic compensation of external disturbances. Compared with conventional proportional–integral–derivative controllers, the fractional order proportional–integral–derivative possesses another two adjustable parameters by expanding integer order to arbitrary order calculus, resulting in more flexibility and stronger robustness of the control system. To better compensate for strong external disturbances and system nonlinearities, the extended state observer strategy is further introduced to the fractional order proportional–integral–derivative control system. Numerical simulation and bench test indicate that the extended state observer–based fractional order proportional–integral–derivative significantly outperforms proportional–integral–derivative and fractional order proportional–integral–derivative control systems with better control accuracy and higher system robustness, well demonstrating the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed extended state observer–based fractional order proportional–integral–derivative control strategy.

  4. Application of ISO9001 standard for hospital infection controlling in desinfection supply center%ISO9001标准在消毒供应中心医院感染控制中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华生; 张杰; 孙雪莹

    2006-01-01

    目的:控制医院感染的发生.方法:采用国际ISO9001:2000质量标准体系实施,消毒供应中心医院感染控制.结果:通过质量标准管理规范了消毒供应中心医院感染质量控制和质量保证.使各项监控指标控制在医院感染法律法规允许的标准内,达到了有效的控制.结论:实施ISO9001:2000标准化管理使医院消毒供应中心医院感染管理工作得到切实保证.

  5. ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and Environmental Factors Control in the Design and Operation of Boiler%ISO 14001与锅炉设计及运行中的环境因素的控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠云; 王鹏南

    2014-01-01

    结合ISO 14001环境标准,通过对锅炉设计及运行中产生的环境因素分析,论述了在锅炉设计及运行中控制重要环境因素的措施与方法,达到污染预防、持续改进环境绩效、保护环境的目的.

  6. 基于ISO/IEC 27001:2013的集团企业信息安全管控设计%Design of Information Security Management and Control for Group Enterprises Based on ISO/IEC 27001:2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李心阳; 谢宗晓

    2015-01-01

    本文设计了一个大型集团企业的信息安全管控模式,该模式以ISO/IEC 27001:2013为基础,建立了一个四级文件架构的信息安全管理体系(ISMS).本文可以为大型集团企业部署信息安全管理体系(ISMS)提供指导.

  7. 77 FR 73392 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control...

  8. 75 FR 56942 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, San Diego County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, San Diego County Air Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the San Diego Air Pollution Control District...

  9. 75 FR 45082 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Santa Barbara County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... Air Pollution Control District (SBCAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP... Preamble for the Implementation of Title I of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990'', 57 FR 13498, April 16... Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone,...

  10. 76 FR 298 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District (SJVUAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation......... 12/17/92 08/24/07 On September 17, 2007, the submittal for San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution... require that fixed covers be equipped with a 95% efficient Air Pollution Control (APC) device. c....

  11. THE COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF ALTERNATIVE EMISSION CONTROL POLICIES IN THE SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY OF CALIFORNIA

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Hong Jin

    2000-01-01

    This study analyzes the ROG control costs of stationary sources in the San Joaquin Valley of California. The cost-effectiveness of market incentive approaches such as an uniform marketable permit system, localized marketable permit system and an ambient permit system as well as a traditional command-and-control approach are examined.

  12. The control of documents maintained in the electronic media and the requirements of NBR ISO/IEC 17025 and adequacy for PNQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anselmo Ferreira de Castro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During the assessments carried out by the authors at the diverse laboratories pertaining to the network of accredited laboratories - known as the Brazilian Calibration Network (RBC - the authors verified the difficulties that these laboratories had in meeting the requirements of NBR ISO/IEC 17025:2001 (Standard, related to the maintenance of documents in the electronic media. More and more laboratories are substituting traditional control with electronic document control, which allows for more agility in the recovery of information. These laboratories implement policies and procedures; however, they still feel insecure, in some way, as to how to meet all of these requirements, thereby giving rise to difficulties in the implementation of such. The aim of this paper is to discuss the control of documents stored in the electronic media, adopting requirement 4.3 of the Standard as the reference, and aiming, in this manner, to harmonize the assessment process of the procedures of document management in the electronic media, and to assist the laboratories in the interpretation of the Standard, so that they may implement systems that are adequate to their actual necessities and to their structural size, while at the same time complying with the referred to requirement. This work will not broach the treatment given to the records (requirement 4.12 of the Standard, facts (requirement 5.4.7 nor to the electronic transmission of results (requirement 5.10.7, leaving these subjects for posterior discussions.

  13. 76 FR 2398 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; California Health Interview Survey Cancer Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; California Health Interview Survey Cancer Control Module (CHIS-CCM) 2011 (NCI) SUMMARY: Under the provisions of Section 3507(a)(1)(D) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the National Cancer Institute (NCI),...

  14. 78 FR 724 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Off-Highway Recreational Vehicles...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... amendments, two-stroke off-highway motorcycles could only be sold as ``competition'' models, and their use... AGENCY California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Off- Highway Recreational Vehicles and Engines; Request for Authorization; Opportunity for Public Hearing and Comment...

  15. 77 FR 73322 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ...: EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution... Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Monterey Bay Unified...

  16. Postharvest fumigation of California table grapes with ozone to control Western black widow spider (Araneae: Theridiidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozone fumigations were evaluated for postharvest control of Western black widow spider (BWS), Latrodectus hesperus (Chamberlin and Ivie), in fresh table grapes destined for export from California USA. Mature adult female black widow spiders were contained in separate gas-permeable cages within a flo...

  17. The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helou, George; Kessler, Martin F.

    1995-01-01

    ISO, scheduled to launch in 1995, will carry into orbit the most sophisticated infrared observatory of the decade. Overviews of the mission, instrument payload and scientific program are given, along with a comparison of the strengths of ISO and SOFIA.

  18. Accreditation - ISO/IEC 17025

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaus, Rüdiger

    This chapter gives the background on the accreditation of testing and calibration laboratories according to ISO/IEC 17025 and sets out the requirements of this international standard. ISO 15189 describes similar requirements especially tailored for medical laboratories. Because of these similarities ISO 15189 is not separately mentioned throughout this lecture.

  19. Pest control plan Modoc National Wildlife Refuge Alturas California

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this plan is to receive approval to control both wildlife and domestic animals in order to meet refuge goals and objectives. Refuge objectives were...

  20. Spatial Externalities of Pest Control Decisions in the California Citrus Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Grogan, Kelly A.; Goodhue, Rachael E

    2012-01-01

    Predaceous and parasitic insects provide control of important citrus pests. However, many pesticides are toxic to these beneficials. Using California citrus grower survey data, this article tests whether landscape-level use of pesticides affects the presence of and reliance on Aphytis melinus, an important beneficial insect. Results show that landscape-level pesticide use decreases the presence of A. melinus and increases reliance on insecticides. Pesticide use on non-citrus crops has a signi...

  1. Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience

    OpenAIRE

    Balbach, E; GLANTZ, S.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To document efforts on the part of public officials in California to soften the media campaign's attack on the tobacco industry and to analyse strategies to counter those efforts on the part of tobacco control advocates.
METHODS—Data were gathered from interviews with programme participants, direct observation, written materials, and media stories. In addition, internal documents were released by the state's Department of Health Services in response to requests made under the Califo...

  2. Numerical Implementation of Indicators and Statistical Control Tools in Monitoring and Evaluating CACEI-ISO Indicators of Study Program in Industrial Process by Systematization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayala, Gabriela Cota; Real, Francia Angélica Karlos; Ivan, Ramirez Alvarado Edqar

    2016-01-01

    The research was conducted to determine if the study program of the career of industrial processes Technological University of Chihuahua, 1 year after that it was certified by CACEI, continues achieving the established indicators and ISO 9001: 2008, implementing quality tools, monitoring of essential indicators are determined, flow charts are…

  3. ISO 9001 and ISO 17025 standards in a metrology laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Barradas, José; Sampaio, Paulo

    2011-01-01

    In the last decade, the number of companies with quality certification has increased in most countries. According to the ISO 9001 standard all the certified companies should calibrate their measuring equipment. By doing so, companies can guarantee, with rigor and quality, its measurement and use reliable data for monitoring the quality of its products and its improvement. However, a metrology laboratory is not required to hold an ISO 9001 certification or ISO 17025 accreditation. In this m...

  4. Biodegradation of poly(butylene succinate) powder in a controlled compost at 58°C evaluated by naturally-occurring carbon 14 amounts in evolved CO(2) based on the ISO 14855-2 method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunioka, Masao; Ninomiya, Fumi; Funabashi, Masahiro

    2009-10-01

    The biodegradabilities of poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) powders in a controlled compost at 58 degrees C have been studied using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) based on the ISO 14855-2 method, entitled "Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials under controlled composting conditions-Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxide-Part 2: Gravimetric measurement of carbon dioxide evolved in a laboratory-scale test". The evolved CO(2) was trapped by an additional aqueous Ba(OH)(2) solution. The trapped BaCO(3) was transformed into graphite via a serial vaporization and reduction reaction using a gas-tight tube and vacuum manifold system. This graphite was analyzed by accelerated mass spectrometry (AMS) to determine the percent modern carbon [pMC (sample)] based on the (14)C radiocarbon concentration. By using the theory that pMC (sample) was the sum of the pMC (compost) (109.87%) and pMC (PBS) (0%) as the respective ratio in the determined period, the CO(2) (respiration) was calculated from only one reaction vessel. It was found that the biodegradabilities determined by the CO(2) amount from PBS in the sample vessel were about 30% lower than those based on the ISO method. These differences between the ISO and AMS methods are caused by the fact that part of the carbons from PBS are changed into metabolites by the microorganisms in the compost, and not changed into CO(2). PMID:20057944

  5. Biodegradability evaluation of polymers by ISO 14855-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funabashi, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Fumi; Kunioka, Masao

    2009-10-01

    Biodegradabilities of polymers and their composites in a controlled compost were described. Polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were employed as biodegradable polymers. Biodegradabilities of PCL and PLA samples in a controlled compost were measured using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) according to ISO 14855-2. Sample preparation method for biodegradation test according to ISO/DIS 10210 was also described. Effects of sizes and shapes of samples on biodegradability were studied. Reproducibility of biodegradation test of ISO 14855-2 by MODA was confirmed. Validity of sample preparation method for polymer pellets, polymer film, and polymer products of ISO/DIS 10210 for ISO 14855-2 was confirmed. PMID:20111676

  6. USGIN ISO metadata profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, S. M.

    2011-12-01

    The USGIN project has drafted and is using a specification for use of ISO 19115/19/39 metadata, recommendations for simple metadata content, and a proposal for a URI scheme to identify resources using resolvable http URI's(see http://lab.usgin.org/usgin-profiles). The principal target use case is a catalog in which resources can be registered and described by data providers for discovery by users. We are currently using the ESRI Geoportal (Open Source), with configuration files for the USGIN profile. The metadata offered by the catalog must provide sufficient content to guide search engines to locate requested resources, to describe the resource content, provenance, and quality so users can determine if the resource will serve for intended usage, and finally to enable human users and sofware clients to obtain or access the resource. In order to achieve an operational federated catalog system, provisions in the ISO specification must be restricted and usage clarified to reduce the heterogeneity of 'standard' metadata and service implementations such that a single client can search against different catalogs, and the metadata returned by catalogs can be parsed reliably to locate required information. Usage of the complex ISO 19139 XML schema allows for a great deal of structured metadata content, but the heterogenity in approaches to content encoding has hampered development of sophisticated client software that can take advantage of the rich metadata; the lack of such clients in turn reduces motivation for metadata producers to produce content-rich metadata. If the only significant use of the detailed, structured metadata is to format into text for people to read, then the detailed information could be put in free text elements and be just as useful. In order for complex metadata encoding and content to be useful, there must be clear and unambiguous conventions on the encoding that are utilized by the community that wishes to take advantage of advanced metadata

  7. ISO 9000 Quality Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjicostas, Evsevios

    The ISO 9000 series describes a quality management system applicable to any organization. In this chapter we present the requirements of the standard in a way that is as close as possible to the needs of analytical laboratories. The sequence of the requirements follows that in the ISO 9001:2008 standard. In addition, the guidelines for performance improvement set out in the ISO 9004 are reviewed. Both standards should be used as a reference as well as the basis for further elaboration.

  8. ISO 21500 AND PMBOK COMPARISON

    OpenAIRE

    Dotsenko A.V.

    2013-01-01

    On 31st December 2012, the Project Management Institute (PMI) published the 5th edition of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK) Guide. A few months earlier, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published a new standard, ISO 21500:2012, Guidance on Project Management. The two releases of the PMBoK Guide and ISO 21500 standard are very close. Detailed review of the differences and similarities between them are compiled.

  9. ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-08-12

    This powerful standard from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) provides an internationally recognized framework for organizations to voluntarily implement an energy management system.

  10. Identification of environmental control technologies for geothermal development in the Imperial Valley of California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Snoeberger, D.F.; Hill, J.H.

    1978-10-05

    Control technologies to manage environmental impacts from geothermal developments in California's Imperial Valley from development to 1985 are discussed. Included are descriptions of methods for managing land subsidence by fluid injection; for preventing undesirable induced seismicity or mitigating the effects of seismic events; for managing liquid wastes through pretreatment or subsurface injection; for controlling H/sub 2/S by dispersal, reinjection, and chemical treatment of effluents; and for minimizing the impact of noise from power plants by setting up buffer zones and exclusion areas.

  11. Iso-olefin production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haag, W.O.; Harandi, M.N.; Owen, H.

    1993-08-10

    A process is described for producing an iso-olefin with high selectivity, comprising catalytically producing a first composition comprising at least one normal-olefin of at least 4 carbon atoms in a first product stream, by passing a feed in the vapor phase, over a first catalyst composition, at a temperature of 850 to 1,150 F, a WHSV of 0.5 to 20 and a pressure of 0 to 150 psig, wherein the first catalyst composition comprises ZSM-5 or ZSM-12, wherein the feed comprises an aliphatic and in which the aliphatic contains 5 to 20 carbon atoms; and increasing the iso-olefin content of the first composition, with substantially no oligomerization to heavier molecules, by producing a second composition, wherein said second composition is produced by contacting the normal-olefin with a second catalyst composition comprising ZSM-23, under a second set of conditions which include a temperature within the range of from about 700 F to about 1,150 F.

  12. Twenty new ISO standards on dosimetry for radiation processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty standards on essentially all aspects of dosimetry for radiation processing were published as new ISO standards in December 1998. The standards are based on 20 standard practices and guides developed over the past 14 years by Subcommittee E10.01 of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The transformation to ISO standards using the 'fast track' process under ISO Technical Committee 85 (ISO/TC85) commenced in 1995 and resulted in some overlap of technical information between three of the new standards and the existing ISO Standard 11137 Sterilization of health care products - Requirements for validation and routine control - Radiation sterilization. Although the technical information in these four standards was consistent, compromise wording in the scopes of the three new ISO standards to establish precedence for use were adopted. Two of the new ISO standards are specifically for food irradiation applications, but the majority apply to all forms of gamma, X-ray, and electron beam radiation processing, including dosimetry for sterilization of health care products and the radiation processing of fruit, vegetables, meats, spices, processed foods, plastics, inks, medical wastes, and paper. Most of the standards provide exact procedures for using individual dosimetry systems or for characterizing various types of irradiation facilities, but one covers the selection and calibration of dosimetry systems, and another covers the treatment of uncertainties using the new ISO Type A and Type B evaluations. Unfortunately, nine of the 20 standards just adopted by the ISO are not the most recent versions of these standards and are therefore already out of date. To help solve this problem, efforts are being made to develop procedures to coordinate the ASTM and ISO development and revision processes for these and future ASTM-originating dosimetry standards. In the meantime, an additional four dosimetry standards have recently been published by the ASTM but have

  13. ISO 19152: 2012, Land Administration Domain Model published by ISO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oosterom, P.; Lemmen, C.; Uitermark, H.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the last developments of the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM). The Final Draft International Standard, ISO FDIS 19152, unanimously passed on 1 November 2012 the final vote towards becoming an International Standard (IS). After technical editing by ISO secretariat in Genev

  14. Evaluating controls on the aspect dependence of earthflows in the central California Coast Ranges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nereson, A. L.; Finnegan, N. J.; Booth, A. M.

    2013-12-01

    Earthflows are an important mass-wasting process in many mountainous landscapes. In addition to radically changing the fabric of the landscape and damaging man-made infrastructure, earthflows deliver, for their area, a disproportionately large sediment load to rivers. In California, earthflows are typically restricted to clay-rich and mechanically-weak lithologies, such as the Franciscan mélange. In addition, several studies have observed that earthflows in California favor south-facing slopes, even in settings with spatially-uniform lithology. This fundamental observation remains largely unexplained under the current understanding of earthflow behavior. Here, we evaluate the controls on the aspect dependence of earthflows in the Alameda Creek watershed near Fremont, California, where many large, but relatively inactive earthflows are observed in the Franciscan mélange. We first apply spectral analysis to LiDAR-derived digital elevation models to objectively map the topographic signature of landslides and determine the degree of aspect dependence. We then explore several hypotheses that can explain our observation that earthflows tend to form on south-facing slopes, including: (1) lack of dense vegetation and trees with slope-stabilizing root systems on south-facing slopes; (2) higher pore fluid pressures due to relatively lower rates of evapotranspiration on sparsely vegetated south-facing slopes; (3) increased dessication and/or deformation cracking on south-facing earthflow surfaces, creating fast-flow pathways into the interior of landslides.

  15. Surveillance, insecticide resistance and control of an invasive Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) population in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornel, Anthony J.; Holeman, Jodi; Nieman, Catelyn C.; Lee, Yoosook; Smith, Charles; Amorino, Mark; Brisco, Katherine K.; Barrera, Roberto; Lanzaro, Gregory C.; Mulligan III, F. Stephen

    2016-01-01

    The invasion and subsequent establishment in California of Aedes aegypti in 2013 has created new challenges for local mosquito abatement and vector control districts. Studies were undertaken to identify effective and economical strategies to monitor the abundance and spread of this mosquito species as well as for its control. Overall, BG Sentinel (BGS) traps were found to be the most sensitive trap type to measure abundance and spread into new locations. Autocidal-Gravid-Ovitraps (AGO-B), when placed at a site for a week, performed equally to BGS in detecting the presence of female Ae. aegypti. Considering operational cost and our findings, we recommend use of BGS traps for surveillance in response to service requests especially in locations outside the known infestation area. We recommend AGO-Bs be placed at fixed sites, cleared and processed once a week to monitor mosquito abundance within a known infestation area. Long-term high density placements of AGO-Bs were found to show promise as an environmentally friendly trap-kill control strategy. California Ae. aegypti were found to be homozygous for the V1016I mutation in the voltage gated sodium channel gene, which is implicated to be involved in insecticide resistance. This strain originating from Clovis, California was resistant to some pyrethroids but not to deltamethrin in bottle bio-assays. Sentinel cage ultra-low-volume (ULV) trials using a new formulation of deltamethrin (DeltaGard®) demonstrated that it provided some control (average of 56% death in sentinel cages in a 91.4 m spray swath) after a single truck mounted aerial ULV application in residential areas. PMID:27158450

  16. Surveillance, insecticide resistance and control of an invasive Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) population in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornel, Anthony J; Holeman, Jodi; Nieman, Catelyn C; Lee, Yoosook; Smith, Charles; Amorino, Mark; Brisco, Katherine K; Barrera, Roberto; Lanzaro, Gregory C; Mulligan Iii, F Stephen

    2016-01-01

    The invasion and subsequent establishment in California of Aedes aegypti in 2013 has created new challenges for local mosquito abatement and vector control districts. Studies were undertaken to identify effective and economical strategies to monitor the abundance and spread of this mosquito species as well as for its control. Overall, BG Sentinel (BGS) traps were found to be the most sensitive trap type to measure abundance and spread into new locations. Autocidal-Gravid-Ovitraps (AGO-B), when placed at a site for a week, performed equally to BGS in detecting the presence of female Ae. aegypti. Considering operational cost and our findings, we recommend use of BGS traps for surveillance in response to service requests especially in locations outside the known infestation area. We recommend AGO-Bs be placed at fixed sites, cleared and processed once a week to monitor mosquito abundance within a known infestation area. Long-term high density placements of AGO-Bs were found to show promise as an environmentally friendly trap-kill control strategy. California Ae. aegypti were found to be homozygous for the V1016I mutation in the voltage gated sodium channel gene, which is implicated to be involved in insecticide resistance. This strain originating from Clovis, California was resistant to some pyrethroids but not to deltamethrin in bottle bio-assays. Sentinel cage ultra-low-volume (ULV) trials using a new formulation of deltamethrin (DeltaGard®) demonstrated that it provided some control (average of 56% death in sentinel cages in a 91.4 m spray swath) after a single truck mounted aerial ULV application in residential areas.

  17. Age, colors and ISO standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Nes, Floris L.

    2010-01-01

    Age influences all bodily functions, also vision. Therefore, the effects of age on vision should be mirrored in ergonomic requirements laid down in display standards such as ISO 9241-300/307, 'Electronic visual display requirements'. However, this is only true to a limited extent - just as is the case with other standards dealing with ergonomic requirements, because developers of such standards do not possess the necessary specific knowledge. It therefore was an important step by ISO and IEC to publish in 2001 ISO/IEC Guide 71: 'Guidelines for standard developers to address the needs of older persons and persons with disabilities'. This guide was followed by a more specific and detailed Technical Report from ISO, ISO/TR 22411, as well as by 'Guidelines on Accessibility' from CIE. These three guidelines are reviewed. The paper concludes with developments around ISO 9241-300/307 in general, especially future additions on autostereoscopic displays and electronic paper. As to the former, the visual fatigue often accompanying viewing 3D displays needs methods for characterizing and validating such displays, to reduce visual fatigue as much as possible. Standardizing certain properties of electronic paper is an example of the present pro-active way of working of ISO/TC159/SC4/WG2, 'Visual Display Requirements', that developed ISO 9241-300/307.

  18. The ISO Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ximenez de Ferrin, S.

    1995-11-01

    ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) consists of two modules: the Payload module, which includes the telescope and the scientific instruments, and the Service Module, which houses the instruments electronics, the hydrazine propellant tank and all other classical spacecraft subsystems. To ensure that the telescope is kept near absolute zero and thus is the least disturbed by the effects of the infrared emissions from other elements of the system, the telescope is enclosed in a helium-cooled cryostat. The cryostat in turn is shaded by a Sun-shield to protect it from the heat of the direct Sun. The shield has a covering of solar cells that provide the electrical power needed for the mission.

  19. Information Management System for the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heald, T. C.; Redmann, G. H.

    1973-01-01

    A study was made to establish the requirements for an integrated state-wide information management system for water quality control and water quality rights for the State of California. The data sources and end requirements were analyzed for the data collected and used by the numerous agencies, both State and Federal, as well as the nine Regional Boards under the jurisdiction of the State Board. The report details the data interfaces and outlines the system design. A program plan and statement of work for implementation of the project is included.

  20. Simulating Emission Control Impacts on Summertime Ozone and PM in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingstone, P. L.; Gurer, K.; Motallebi, N.; Luo, D.; Propper, R.

    2010-12-01

    Air quality control measures implemented in California have decreased O3 and PM2.5 (precursor) emissions dramatically in the last few decades, though unhealthy levels of O3, especially the peak 8-hr O3, persist. To understand effects of emission control measures on human exposure to air toxics, air quality modeling has been used routinely since early 1990s. In fact, it remains the only way to assess O3 in hypothetical conditions such as the Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario; i.e., if no emission control had occurred. In this study, we apply a state-of-art air quality modeling system to evaluate the impact of emission controls in the South Coast Air Basin (SoCAB) during 1975-2005 on O3 and PM2.5 in California. We estimated the anthropogenic emission reduction during 1975-2005 for mobile, area, and point sources in SoCAB. Meteorological conditions were simulated using a meso-scale meteorological model, aided with observational data obtained from meteorological networks in California. Multiple-column simulations were first conducted to illustrate O3 and PM2.5 pollution potentials in California areas. Three-dimensional O3 and PM2.5 photochemical transformation and transport were then simulated using the U.S. EPA CMAQ model configured for California summer conditions. We found that emission controls that took effect in SoCAB during 1975-2005 reduced emissions of SO2, gas-phase organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, and PM2.5, by factors as high as 30, 6.1, 4.1, and 3.5, respectively. We chose a week in July 2000 for air quality model simulations to evaluate the effect of the BAU emission changes on summer O3 and PM2.5 levels. Multi-column simulations for July 2000 showed that ambient 8-hr O3 (ppbv) and 24-hr PM2.5 (µg m-3) could have exceeded 500 in a number of areas, if no horizontal transport had occurred over the model domain. Without emission control efforts and in the hypothetical no-horizontal advection condition, peak 8-hr O3 and 24-hr PM2.5 would have reached 890

  1. Design issues for the active control system of the California Extremely Large Telescope (CELT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanan, Gary A.; Nelson, Jerry E.; Ohara, Catherine M.; Sirko, Edwin

    2000-08-01

    We explore the issues in the control and alignment of the primary mirror of the proposed 30 meter California Extremely Large Telescope and other very large telescopes with segmented primaries (consisting of 1000 or more segments). We show that as the number of segments increases, the noise in the telescope active control system (ACS) increases, roughly as (root)n. This likely means that, for a thousand segment telescope like CELT, Keck-style capacitive sensors will not be able to adequately monitor the lowest spatial frequency degrees of freedom of the primary mirror, and will therefore have to be supplemented by a Shack-Hartmann-type wavefront sensor. However, in the case of segment phasing, which is governed by a `control matrix' similar to that of the ACS, the corresponding noise is virtually independent of n. It follows that reasonably straightforward extensions of current techniques should be adequate to phase the extremely large telescopes of the future.

  2. Publication of expert institutions in the field of air pollution control according to DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 or with comparable competence; Bekanntgabe sachverstaendiger Stellen im Bereich des Immissionsschutzes nach DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 oder vergleichbarer Kompetenzfeststellungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eickhoff, W. [Hessisches Landesamt fuer Umwelt und Geologie, Kassel (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    According to the decision of the LAI (Laenderausschuss fuer Immissionsschutz - Committee for Air Pollution Control of the German States) of October 2000, expert institutions must prove their competence in order to be listed in the experts list. The contribution describes the procedure and some of the modifications required by recent legislation. [German] Entsprechend den vom Laenderausschuss fuer Immissionsschutz (LAI) im Oktober 2000 beschlossenen Richtlinien fuer die Bekanntgabe und Zulassung von sachverstaendigen Stellen im Bereich des Immissionsschutzes muessen die betreffenden Stellen vor einer Bekanntgabe ihre Kompetenz nachgewiesen haben und damit bestimmte Anforderungen in Bezug auf ein existierendes Qualitaetssicherungssystem erfuellt haben. Die Ueberpruefung der Anforderungen kann entweder im Rahmen eines Akkreditierungsverfahrens durch ein evaluiertes Akkreditierungssystem oder im Rahmen des Bekanntgabeverfahrens durch die nach Landesrecht zustaendige Behoerde erfolgen. Der Vortrag beschreibt die Vorgehensweise und sich aufgrund der aktuellen Regelungen ergebende Neuerungen des Verfahrens. (orig.)

  3. Biodegradation of Poly(butylene succinate Powder in a Controlled Compost at 58 °C Evaluated by Naturally-Occurring Carbon 14 Amounts in Evolved CO2 Based on the ISO 14855-2 Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masahiro Funabashi

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The biodegradabilities of poly(butylene succinate (PBS powders in a controlled compost at 58 °C have been studied using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA based on the ISO 14855-2 method, entitled “Determination of the ultimate aerobic biodegradability of plastic materials under controlled composting conditions—Method by analysis of evolved carbon dioxide—Part 2: Gravimetric measurement of carbon dioxide evolved in a laboratory-scale test”. The evolved CO2 was trapped by an additional aqueous Ba(OH2 solution. The trapped BaCO3 was transformed into graphite via a serial vaporization and reduction reaction using a gas-tight tube and vacuum manifold system. This graphite was analyzed by accelerated mass spectrometry (AMS to determine the percent modern carbon [pMC (sample] based on the 14C radiocarbon concentration. By using the theory that pMC (sample was the sum of the pMC (compost (109.87% and pMC (PBS (0% as the respective ratio in the determined period, the CO2 (respiration was calculated from only one reaction vessel. It was found that the biodegradabilities determined by the CO2 amount from PBS in the sample vessel were about 30% lower than those based on the ISO method. These differences between the ISO and AMS methods are caused by the fact that part of the carbons from PBS are changed into metabolites by the microorganisms in the compost, and not changed into CO2.

  4. Metal-Size Influence in Iso-Selective Lactide Polymerization**

    OpenAIRE

    Bakewell, Clare; White, Andrew J. P.; Long, Nicholas J; Williams, Charlotte K.

    2014-01-01

    Iso-selective initiators for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide are rare outside of Group 13. We describe the first examples of highly iso-selective lutetium initiators. The phosphasalen lutetium ethoxide complex shows excellent iso-selectivity, with a P i value of 0.81–0.84 at 298 K, excellent rates, and high degrees of polymerization control. Conversely, the corresponding La derivative exhibits moderate heteroselectivity (P s=0.74, 298 K). Thus, the choice of metal center ...

  5. Controls over spatial and temporal variations in annual actual evapotranspiration in snow-free California watersheds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Allison Marie

    Actual evapotranspiration (Eta) is one of the largest components of the hydrologic budget and accounts for a majority of water lost from a watershed. It is primarily controlled by soil water availability, which is largely controlled by rainfall, and atmospheric demand (potential evapotranspiration). Consequently, Eta is sensitive to changes in meteorologic conditions. Understanding the relationship between Et a and controlling meteorologic variables across time and space is important for future predictions of Eta under a changing climate, especially in California where demand for surface and groundwater is high. A regression modeling approach was used to (1) determine the relative control of rainfall, rainfall intensity, and potential evapotranspiration (Etp) over annual and long-term mean annual Eta across watersheds in western California, and (2) quantify the sensitivity of watershed annual Eta to changes in these variables. Annual Eta data for 20 snow-free California watersheds was derived using the water balance method for hydrologic years 1982-2011. Independent variables examined in this study were annual rainfall, rainfall intensity, and potential evapotranspiration. These quantities were obtained or calculated from daily PRISM rainfall and temperature datasets. Results indicated that rainfall was the dominant control over variations in mean annual Eta across the study region (Adj. R2 0.935) and was the primary control over interannual variations in Et a for 15 out of 17 study watersheds. Rainfall intensity was a significant but weaker predictor of mean annual Eta (adj. R2 0.833) and was a significant predictor of annual variations in Eta for 12 out of 17 watersheds. A weak relationship between Etp and Eta was observed across the study region (adj. R2 = 0.660) and the relationship was found to be negative. Etp was a significant, though weak, predictor of annual Eta for 8 out of 17 watersheds. The amount of variance in annual Eta explained by rainfall

  6. Tuotannon prosessikuvaus : ISO 9001- sertifiointiin

    OpenAIRE

    Jutila, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana on vaasalainen Adiabatix Oy. Yritys on aloittanut oman eristysmoduulien tuotannon, jolle tehdään auditointi ISO 9001- sertifiointia varten. Tehtävänä oli luoda tuotannon nykyinen prosessikuvaus sekä kehittää se täyttämään ISO 9001- standardin vaatimukset. Teoreettisena viitekehyksenä toimivat prosessikuvauksen perusteet (JUHTA, BMPN) sekä ISO 9001- standardi. JUHTA ja BMPN ovat prosessikuvauksen standardeja, jotka ovat yleisesti käytössä organisaatioissa sekä yr...

  7. Food service compliance with ISO 14001 and ISO 22000

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Lyra Santos; Rita de Cássia Coelho de Almeida Akutsu; Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho; Renata Puppin Zandonadi

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess food service environmental and food safety management systems according to two checklists based on ABNT ISO 22000 and 14001. METHODS: This exploratory and descriptive study investigated a-la-carte food services of the Federal District, Brazil. Two checklists were developed to investigate ISO 14001 and 22000 compliance. A total of 37 food services were selected from the list of the Brazilian Association of Bars and Restaurants by simple rand...

  8. Antioxidant mechanisms of iso-6-cassine in suppressing seizures induced by pilocarpine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant effects of 12-[(2R,5R,6R-5-hydroxy-6-methylpiperidin-2-yl]dodecan-2-one (iso-6-cassine; ISO and the anticonvulsant effects of ISO on pilocarpine-induced seizures in rats. Wistar rats were treated with 0.9% saline (i.p., control group, pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., pilocarpine group, and the association of ISO (1.0 mg/kg, i.p. plus pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., 30 min after administration of ISO (ISO plus pilocarpine group. After the treatments all groups were observed for 1h. The antioxidant effect of ISO on the pilocarpine model was assessed by determining the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx, glutathione-S-transferase (GST and catalase (CAT as well as the levels of reactive species (RS and lipid peroxidation (LP. In vitro, ISO (5 μM reduced RS and LP. ISO (1.0 mg/kg and abolished seizures and death induced by pilocarpine in rats. ISO protected against the increase in the RS and LP levels, GST activity as well as the inhibition of GPx activity caused by pilocarpine. In addition, ISO increased the catalase activity in hippocampus of seized rats. In conclusion, the dta suggest that ISO can present anticonvulsant and antioxidant properties in the pilocarpine model of seizures in rats.

  9. Nutrient and temperature controls on modern carbonate production: An example from the Gulf of California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halfar, Jochen; Godinez-Orta, Lucio; Mutti, Maria; Valdez-Holguín, José E.; Borges, Jose M.

    2004-03-01

    In addition to salinity and temperature, nutrient concentrations in surface waters are known to have a significant impact on distribution of carbonate-producing biota, but have never been quantitatively evaluated against different temperatures along a latitudinal transect. The western coast of the Gulf of California, Mexico, presents a natural laboratory for investigating the influence of oceanographic parameters such as salinity, temperature, and chlorophyll a, a proxy for nutrients, on the composition of a range of modern heterozoan and photozoan carbonate environments along a north-south latitudinal gradient spanning the entire warm-temperate realm (29°N 23°N). Chlorophyll a, measured in situ at half-hour resolution, is highly variable throughout the year due to short-term upwelling, and increases significantly from the southern to northern Gulf of California. Salinity, in contrast, fluctuates little and remains at an average of 35‰. From south to north, carbonate production ranges from oligotrophic-mesotrophic, coral reef dominated shallow-water areas (minimum temperature 18.6 °C) through mesotrophic-eutrophic, red algal dominated, inner-shelf carbonate production in the central gulf (minimum temperature 16 °C), and to molluscan-bryozoan, eutrophic inner- to outer-shelf environments (minimum temperature 13.7 °C). The Gulf of California data, supplemented with oceanographic and compositional information from a database compiled from a spectrum of modern carbonate systems worldwide, demonstrates the significance of nutrient control in the formation of heterozoan, photozoan, and transitional heterozoan-photozoan carbonate systems and serves as a basis for more accurately interpreting fossil carbonates.

  10. Challenges with controlling varicella in prison settings: Experience of California, 2010–2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Jessica; Lopez, Adriana S.; Tootell, Elena; Baumrind, Nikki; Mohle-Boetani, Janet; Leistikow, Bruce; Harriman, Kathleen H.; Preas, Christopher P.; Cosentino, Giorgio; Bialek, Stephanie R.; Marin, Mona

    2015-01-01

    We describe the epidemiology of varicella in one state prison in California during 2010–2011, control measures implemented, and associated costs. Eleven varicella cases were reported, 9 associated with 2 outbreaks. One outbreak consisted of 3 cases and the second consisted of 6 cases with 2 generations of spread. Among exposed inmates serologically tested, 98% (643/656) were VZV sero-positive. The outbreaks resulted in >1,000 inmates exposed, 444 staff exposures, and >$160,000 in costs. We documented the challenges and costs associated with controlling and managing varicella in a prison setting. A screening policy for evidence of varicella immunity for incoming inmates and staff and vaccination of susceptible persons has the potential to mitigate the impact of future outbreaks and reduce resources necessary for managing cases and outbreaks. PMID:25201912

  11. Challenges with controlling varicella in prison settings: experience of California, 2010 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Jessica; Lopez, Adriana S; Tootell, Elena; Baumrind, Nikki; Mohle-Boetani, Janet; Leistikow, Bruce; Harriman, Kathleen H; Preas, Christopher P; Cosentino, Giorgio; Bialek, Stephanie R; Marin, Mona

    2014-10-01

    This article describes the epidemiology of varicella in one state prison in California during 2010 and 2011, control measures implemented, and associated costs. Eleven varicella cases were reported, of which nine were associated with two outbreaks. One outbreak consisted of three cases and the second consisted of six cases with two generations of spread. Among exposed inmates serologically tested, 98% (643/656) were varicella-zoster virus seropositive. The outbreaks resulted in > 1,000 inmates exposed, 444 staff exposures, and > $160,000 in costs. The authors documented the challenges and costs associated with controlling and managing varicella in a prison setting. A screening policy for evidence of varicella immunity for incoming inmates and staff and vaccination of susceptible persons has the potential to mitigate the impact of future outbreaks and reduce resources necessary to manage cases and outbreaks.

  12. NF EN ISO 11137-1, July 2006. Sterilization of health care products - Irradiation - Part 1: Requirements for development, validation and routine control of a sterilization process for medical devices; NF EN ISO 11137-1, Juillet 2006. Sterilisation des produits de sante - Irradiation - Partie 1: exigences relatives a la mise au point, a la validation et au controle de routine d'un procede de sterilisation pour les dispositifs medicaux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This part of the ISO 11137 standard specifies requirements for the development, validation and routine control of a radiation sterilization process for medical devices. Although the scope of this part of the ISO 11137 standard is limited to medical devices, it specifies requirements and provides guidance that may be applicable to other products and equipment. This part of the international standard covers radiation processes employing irradiators using the radionuclide {sup 60}Co or {sup 137}Cs, a beam from an electron generator or a beam from an X-ray generator. This part of the international standard does not: - specify requirements for development, validation and routine control of a process for inactivating the causative agents of spongiform encephalopathies such as scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease; - detail specified requirements for designating a medical device as sterile; - specify a quality management system for the control of all stages of production of medical devices; - specify requirements for occupational safety associated with the design and operation of irradiation facilities; - specify requirements for the sterilization of used or reprocessed devices.

  13. DODANA VREDNOST ISO 14001 IN ISO 9001 STANDARDA V PODJETJU MONTANA D.O.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Žibret, Žiga

    2010-01-01

    V delu diplomskega seminarja sta obravnavana standarda serije ISO 14001 in ISO 9001, kakor tudi dodana vrednost ISO standarda v podjetju Montana d.o.o.. Namen dela je prikazati zgoraj omenjena ISO standarda in dokazati ali zavrniti dodano vrednost standardov v zgoraj omenjenem podjetju. Prvi del je namenjen predstavitvi ISO standardov 14001 in ISO 9001, kakor tudi uporabi le teh. Drugi del diplomskega dela je namenjen predstavitvi podjetja Montana d.o.o. in uporabi zgoraj omenjenih ISO standa...

  14. Assessing local planning to control groundwater depletion: California as a microcosm of global issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Rebecca L.

    2012-01-01

    Groundwater pumping has caused excessive groundwater depletion around the world, yet regulating pumping remains a profound challenge. California uses more groundwater than any other U.S. state, and serves as a microcosm of the adverse effects of pumping felt worldwide—land subsidence, impaired water quality, and damaged ecosystems, all against the looming threat of climate change. The state largely entrusts the control of depletion to the local level. This study uses internationally accepted water resources planning theories systematically to investigate three key aspects of controlling groundwater depletion in California, with an emphasis on local-level action: (a) making decisions and engaging stakeholders; (b) monitoring groundwater; and (c) using mandatory, fee-based and voluntary approaches to control groundwater depletion (e.g., pumping restrictions, pumping fees, and education about water conservation, respectively). The methodology used is the social science-derived technique of content analysis, which involves using a coding scheme to record these three elements in local rules and plans, and State legislation, then analyzing patterns and trends. The study finds that Californian local groundwater managers rarely use, or plan to use, mandatory and fee-based measures to control groundwater depletion. Most use only voluntary approaches or infrastructure to attempt to reduce depletion, regardless of whether they have more severe groundwater problems, or problems which are more likely to have irreversible adverse effects. The study suggests legal reforms to the local groundwater planning system, drawing upon its empirical findings. Considering the content of these recommendations may also benefit other jurisdictions that use a local groundwater management planning paradigm.

  15. ISO 9000与TQM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑树海

    1998-01-01

    通过对ISO 9000与TQM的分析比较,阐明了两者在质量管理和质量保证的做法上的相同点和不同点,从而得出ISO 9000与TQM的侧重面不同,它们之间不能互相代替,只能起到互相补充的结论.

  16. ISO 9001 certification forecasting models

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro; Rodrigues, António Guimarães

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – ISO 9001 certification is nowadays considered to be one of the most effective tools that can be adopted for guiding the management of Quality Systems. The stunning growth observed by these standards all over the world confirms a strong polarization of enterprises’ interest in this practice. Owing to the wide incidence of this phenomenon, a deep investigation of ISO 9001 diffusion over time is of mandatory importance. The research here reported covers the development of s...

  17. Ecology and control of an introduced population of Southern Watersnakes (Nerodia fasciata) in southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Robert; Todd, Brian D; Miano, Oliver J.; Canfield, Mark; Fisher, Robert N.; McMartin, Louanne

    2016-01-01

    Native to the southeastern United States, Southern Watersnakes (Nerodia fasciata) are known from two sites in California, but their ecological impacts are poorly understood. We investigated the ecology of Southern Watersnakes in Machado Lake, Harbor City, Los Angeles County, California, including an assessment of control opportunities. We captured 306 watersnakes as a result of aquatic trapping and hand captures. We captured snakes of all sizes (162–1063 mm snout–vent length [SVL], 3.5–873.3 g), demonstrating the existence of a well-established population. The smallest reproductive female was 490 mm SVL and females contained 12–46 postovulatory embryos (mean  =  21). Small watersnakes largely consumed introduced Western Mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), while larger snakes specialized on larval and metamorph American Bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) and Green Sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus). Overall capture per unit effort (CPUE) in traps declined with time during an intensive 76-d trapping bout, but CPUE trends varied considerably among traplines and it is unlikely that the overall decline in CPUE represented a major decrease in the snake population size. Although we found no direct evidence that Southern Watersnakes are affecting native species in Machado Lake, this population may serve as a source for intentional or unintentional transportation of watersnakes to bodies of water containing imperiled native prey species or potential competitors.

  18. THE ROLE OF ISO 9001: 2000 CONSULTANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Salleh Yahya

    2003-01-01

    The revision of ISO 9000 standards involving a paradigm shift from being quality assurance oriented to quality management oriented imply a change in their implementation approach. This paper chooses to focus on one of the often overlooked issues of ISO 9000 implementation – the role of the ISO 9000 consultant in the implementation process. Specifically, this research attempts to find out (i) the role of consultant in ISO 9000: 1994, (ii) the role of the consultant in ISO 9001: 2000, and (iii)...

  19. CNEN, IAEA and ISO normative requirements for measurement management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kibrit, Eduardo [Centro Tecnologico da Marinha em Sao Paulo (CTMSP), SP (Brazil). Dept. da Qualidade], e-mail: kibrit@ctmsp.mar.mil.br

    2009-07-01

    International standard ISO 10012:2003 establishes requirements for measurement management systems, including requirements for measurement processes and measuring equipment. ISO 9001:2008 presents requirements for quality management systems, including requirements for the control of monitoring and measuring equipment. ISO 17025:2005 presents general requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. In the nuclear field the requirements for measurement management are established by standards published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and in Brazil, by the National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN). The present paper presents and discusses the normative requirements for measurement management, considering requirements established by National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). (author)

  20. Mechanisms Controlling the Effects of Weather and Climate on California's Ecosystems (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulden, M.; Kelly, A. E.; Fellows, A.; Winston, G.

    2010-12-01

    We combined observations and manipulations along topographic gradients in southern and central California to understand how climate controls ecosystem function. California's topography causes large temperature and precipitation gradients as a result of orographic, rain-shadow, atmospheric lapse, and sea breeze effects. These gradients lead to a wide diversity of ecosystem types and provide a natural laboratory for understanding the controls on plant community composition and ecosystem function. Findings include: (1) Natural climate gradients drive large changes in species composition, plant phenology, growing season length, and primary production. The growing season at low, dry, and warm locations is limited by summer drought, resulting in low primary production. The growing season at high, wet, and cold locations is limited by winter cold, resulting in low primary production. The growing season at mid elevation is limited by neither summer drought nor winter cold, resulting in year-round and high primary production. (2) The relative importance of plant species within a community shifts rapidly in response to changes in water input, caused by either natural variability or experimental manipulation. Species that are intolerant of drier conditions decline rapidly with reduced water input, and may disappear locally; species that are tolerant of drier conditions increase rapidly in extent. (3) Inward plant migration, and the establishment of new species at a location, is a comparatively slow process. The initial phases of climate change will likely reshuffle the importance of existing species within the community, resulting in only modest changes in ecosystem function but possibly extirpating species that are intolerant of warmer and drier conditions, and reducing biodiversity. These declines in biodiversity and delays in species immigration may ultimately limit the ability of ecosystems to respond to subsequent interannual and decadal variations in weather, and to

  1. [ISO 15189 medical laboratory accreditation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyagi, Tsutomu

    2004-10-01

    This International Standard, based upon ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO 9001, provides requirements for competence and quality that are particular to medical laboratories. While this International Standard is intended for use throughout the currently recognized disciplines of medical laboratory services, those working in other services and disciplines will also find it useful and appropriate. In addition, bodies engaged in the recognition of the competence of medical laboratories will be able to use this International Standard as the basis for their activities. The Japan Accreditation Board for Conformity Assessment (AB) and the Japanese Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (CCLS) are jointly developing the program of accreditation of medical laboratories. ISO 15189 requirements consist of two parts, one is management requirements and the other is technical requirements. The former includes the requirements of all parts of ISO 9001, moreover it includes the requirement of conformity assessment body, for example, impartiality and independence from any other party. The latter includes the requirements of laboratory competence (e.g. personnel, facility, instrument, and examination methods), moreover it requires that laboratories shall participate proficiency testing(s) and laboratories' examination results shall have traceability of measurements and implement uncertainty of measurement. Implementation of ISO 15189 will result in a significant improvement in medical laboratories management system and their technical competence. The accreditation of medical laboratory will improve medical laboratory service and be useful for patients. PMID:15624503

  2. [ISO 15189 medical laboratory accreditation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyagi, Tsutomu

    2004-10-01

    This International Standard, based upon ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO 9001, provides requirements for competence and quality that are particular to medical laboratories. While this International Standard is intended for use throughout the currently recognized disciplines of medical laboratory services, those working in other services and disciplines will also find it useful and appropriate. In addition, bodies engaged in the recognition of the competence of medical laboratories will be able to use this International Standard as the basis for their activities. The Japan Accreditation Board for Conformity Assessment (AB) and the Japanese Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (CCLS) are jointly developing the program of accreditation of medical laboratories. ISO 15189 requirements consist of two parts, one is management requirements and the other is technical requirements. The former includes the requirements of all parts of ISO 9001, moreover it includes the requirement of conformity assessment body, for example, impartiality and independence from any other party. The latter includes the requirements of laboratory competence (e.g. personnel, facility, instrument, and examination methods), moreover it requires that laboratories shall participate proficiency testing(s) and laboratories' examination results shall have traceability of measurements and implement uncertainty of measurement. Implementation of ISO 15189 will result in a significant improvement in medical laboratories management system and their technical competence. The accreditation of medical laboratory will improve medical laboratory service and be useful for patients.

  3. To Establish Long-Term Mechanism for Pollution Control of Electronics and Information Products by Implementing ISO 14001 Environment Management System Effectively%有效实施ISO 14001建立电子信息产品污染控制长效机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张栋

    2006-01-01

    介绍了实施ISO 14001环境管理体系对于我国电子信息产品污染控制的积极作用及其与RoHS指令之间的关系,提出了实施ISO 14001环境管理体系、建立电子信息产品污染控制长效机制的几点建议.

  4. The effect of the California tobacco control program on smoking prevalence, cigarette consumption, and healthcare costs: 1989-2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Lightwood

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that tobacco control funding in California has reduced per capita cigarette consumption and per capita healthcare expenditures. This paper refines our earlier model by estimating the effect of California tobacco control funding on current smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption per smoker and the effect of prevalence and consumption on per capita healthcare expenditures. The results are used to calculate new estimates of the effect of the California Tobacco Program. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using state-specific aggregate data, current smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption per smoker are modeled as functions of cumulative California and control states' per capita tobacco control funding, cigarette price, and per capita income. Per capita healthcare expenditures are modeled as a function of prevalence of current smoking, cigarette consumption per smoker, and per capita income. One additional dollar of cumulative per capita tobacco control funding is associated with reduction in current smoking prevalence of 0.0497 (SE.00347 percentage points and current smoker cigarette consumption of 1.39 (SE.132 packs per smoker per year. Reductions of one percentage point in current smoking prevalence and one pack smoked per smoker are associated with $35.4 (SE $9.85 and $3.14 (SE.786 reductions in per capita healthcare expenditure, respectively (2010 dollars, using the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA measure of healthcare spending. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Between FY 1989 and 2008 the California Tobacco Program cost $2.4 billion and led to cumulative NIPA healthcare expenditure savings of $134 (SE $30.5 billion.

  5. California's Yolo Bypass: Evidence that flood control can be compatible with fisheries, wetlands, wildlife, and agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, T.; Harrell, B.; Nobriga, M.; Brown, R.; Moyle, P.B.; Kimmerer, W.; Schemel, Laurence E.

    2001-01-01

    Unlike conventional flood control systems that frequently isolate rivers from ecologically-essential floodplain habitat, California's Yolo Bypass has been engineered to allow Sacramento Valley floodwaters to inundate a broad floodplain. From a flood control standpoint, the 24,000 ha leveed floodplain has been exceptionally successful based on its ability to convey up to 80% of the flow of the Sacramento River basin during high water events. Agricultural lands and seasonal and permanent wetlands within the bypass provide key habitat for waterfowl migrating through the Pacific Flyway. Our field studies demonstrate that the bypass seasonally supports 42 fish species, 15 of which are native. The floodplain appears to be particularly valuable spawning and rearing habitat for the splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus), a federally-listed cyprinid, and for young chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), which use the Yolo Bypass as a nursery area. The system may also be an important source to the downstream food web of the San Francisco Estuary as a result of enhanced production of phytoplankton and detrital material. These results suggest that alternative flood control systems can be designed without eliminating floodplain function and processes, key goals of the 1996 Draft AFS Floodplain Management Position Statement.

  6. Inter ISO Market Coordination by Calculating Border Locational Marginal Prices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BABIC, A. B.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the methodology for solving Locational Marginal Price (LMP differences (inconsistency of LMPs that arise at the boundary buses between separate power markets is proposed. The algorithm developed enables us to obtain consistent LMP values at the boundary buses between interconnected ISOs. A Primal-Dual Interior Point based optimal power flow (OPF is applied, with complete set of power system physical limit constraints, to solve a regional spot market. The OPF is implemented such that producer and consumer behaviors are modeled simultaneously, while the welfare is maximized. In this paper a generalized methodology for multiple ISOs case is proposed and later it is practically applied on two interconnected independent entities. The algorithm for approximation of cost coefficients of generators and dispatchable loads for neighboring ISOs is proposed. The developed algorithm enables participating ISOs to obtain LMPs at the boundary buses with other interconnected ISOs. By controlling interchange of electric power at the scheduled level, regional spot markets are resolved eliminating possible exercise of market power by individual interconnected ISOs. Results of proposed methodology are tested on the IEEE 118-bus power system.

  7. Environmental Management System ISO 14001

    CERN Document Server

    Haider, Syed

    2010-01-01

    This is a must-have tool for any company in the process of adopting and incorporating the ISO 14001:2004 requirements, this book and accompanying CD-ROM provides the latest updates and amendments and translates the ISO language into actionable strategy. Offering administrative solutions to managers of all sorts, it includes practical examples of policies with objectives, targets, and action plans applicable to any process related industry or an ordinary organization. With template formats and hands-on flow charts to describe step-by-step system development, documentation, and implementation ph

  8. Food service compliance with ISO 14001 and ISO 22000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Lyra Santos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess food service environmental and food safety management systems according to two checklists based on ABNT ISO 22000 and 14001. METHODS: This exploratory and descriptive study investigated a-la-carte food services of the Federal District, Brazil. Two checklists were developed to investigate ISO 14001 and 22000 compliance. A total of 37 food services were selected from the list of the Brazilian Association of Bars and Restaurants by simple random sampling. Checklist results were analyzed according to ANVISA resolution nº 275/2002. RESULTS: Only five food services employed dietitians to supervise meal production. These establishments achieved the highest ISO compliance. However, no establishment had more than 50% ISO 14001 or 22000 compliance. Restaurants showed little concern for the environment and disobeyed waste disposal laws by not separating recyclables from non-recyclables. CONCLUSION: The study food services do not have safe meal production systems, evidenced by non-conformity with the reference standards. Additionally, they do not attempt to reduce the environmental impact of their wastes. Food services supervised by dietitians are better prepared to produce safe foods.

  9. 浅谈ISO/IEC 17025与ISO 9000的关系%The Discussion of the Relationship Between ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO9000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯海静

    2010-01-01

    本文对ISO9000族质量管理体系标准和ISO/IEC17025做了简要介绍,并从两个标准的相互联系和区别进行了比对,着重对ISO/IEC17025∶ 2005中与ISO9000∶ 2000质量管理八项原则相对应的内容进行了分析,指出了ISO9000与ISO/IEC17025的联系与区别之处,且不能互相替代.

  10. 75 FR 44948 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Within-the-Scope Determination for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ...-the-scope confirmation for California's LEV II follow-up amendments.\\3\\ \\1\\ 60 FR 19811 (April 22, 2003). \\2\\ 70 FR 22034 (April 28, 2005). \\3\\ 68 FR 77 (April 22, 2003), 70 FR 22034 (April 28, 2005). See also 67 FR 162 (August 21, 2002) (EPA's waiver for California's onboard refueling vapor...

  11. In vivo micro-CT imaging of the murine lung via a computer controlled intermittent iso-pressure breath hold (IIBH) technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namati, Eman; Chon, Deokiee; Thiesse, Jacqueline; McLennan, Geoffrey; Sieren, Jered; Ross, Alan; Hoffman, Eric A.

    2006-03-01

    Micro-CT, a technique for imaging small objects at high resolution using micro focused x-rays, is becoming widely available for small animal imaging. With the growing number of mouse models of pulmonary pathology, there is great interest in following disease progression and evaluating the alteration in longitudinal studies. Along with the high resolution associated with micro CT comes increased scanning times, and hence minimization of motion artifacts is required. We propose a new technique for imaging mouse lungs in vivo by inducing an intermittent iso-pressure breath hold (IIBH) with a fixed level of positive airway pressure during image acquisition, to decrease motion artifacts and increase image resolution and quality. Mechanical ventilation of the respiratory system for such a setup consists of three phases, 1) tidal breathing (hyperventilated), 2) a breath hold during a fixed level of applied positive airway pressure, 3) periodic deep sighs. Image acquisition is triggered over the stable segment of the IIBH period. Comparison of images acquired from the same mouse lung using three imaging techniques (normal breathing / no gating, normal breathing with gating at End Inspiration (EI) and finally the IIBH technique) demonstrated substantial improvements in resolution and quality when using the IIBH gating. Using IIBH triggering the total image acquisition time increased from 15 minutes to 35 minutes, although total x-ray exposure time and hence animal dosage remains the same. This technique is an important step in providing high quality lung imaging of the mouse in vivo, and will provide a good foundation for future longitudinal studies.

  12. Evaluation of animal control measures on pet demographics in Santa Clara County, California, 1993-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kass, Philip H; Johnson, Karen L; Weng, Hsin-Yi

    2013-01-01

    The measurable benefits of animal control programs are unknown and the aim of this study was to determine the impact of these programs on pet population changes. A prospective cross-sectional study of 1000 households was implemented in 2005 to evaluate characteristics of the owned and unowned population of dogs and cats in Santa Clara County, California. The same population was previously studied 12 years earlier. During this time period, the county instituted in 1994 and then subsequently disestablished a municipal spay/neuter voucher program for cats. Dog intakes declined from 1992-2005, as they similarly did for an adjacent county (San Mateo). However, cat intakes declined significantly more in Santa Clara County than San Mateo, with an average annual decline of approximately 700 cats for the 12 year period. Time series analysis showed a greater than expected decline in the number of cats surrendered to shelters in Santa Clara County during the years the voucher program was in effect (1994-2005). The net savings to the county by reducing the number of cat shelter intakes was estimated at approximately $1.5 million. The measurable benefits of animal control programs are unknown and the aim of this study was to determine the impact of these programs on pet population changes.

  13. Evaluation of animal control measures on pet demographics in Santa Clara County, California, 1993–2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip H. Kass

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The measurable benefits of animal control programs are unknown and the aim of this study was to determine the impact of these programs on pet population changes. A prospective cross-sectional study of 1000 households was implemented in 2005 to evaluate characteristics of the owned and unowned population of dogs and cats in Santa Clara County, California. The same population was previously studied 12 years earlier. During this time period, the county instituted in 1994 and then subsequently disestablished a municipal spay/neuter voucher program for cats. Dog intakes declined from 1992–2005, as they similarly did for an adjacent county (San Mateo. However, cat intakes declined significantly more in Santa Clara County than San Mateo, with an average annual decline of approximately 700 cats for the 12 year period. Time series analysis showed a greater than expected decline in the number of cats surrendered to shelters in Santa Clara County during the years the voucher program was in effect (1994–2005. The net savings to the county by reducing the number of cat shelter intakes was estimated at approximately $1.5 million. The measurable benefits of animal control programs are unknown and the aim of this study was to determine the impact of these programs on pet population changes.

  14. Our Application of ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Jane

    2000-01-01

    Since a large, underfunded urban Colorado district initiated ISO 9000 reforms, administrators and staff have reviewed 14 central-office departments' processes to improve efficiency and enhance student outcomes. Jefferson County has saved $900,000 annually on purchasing processes, developed a quality curriculum-development process, and improved…

  15. ISO 14001: time for improvements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001:2004, the international standard for Environmental Management Systems (EMS) with the purpose of improving the next edition in order to recognise and reflect new recognitions in approaches to pollution prevention. A case...

  16. Adopt ISO 9000 quality control system in medical care service and establish all-around service and management model for patients%ISO 9000质量管理体系引入医疗行业建立全程病例管理服务模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐振宇; 王淑霞; 王姝侠

    2007-01-01

    目前 ISO 9000质量管理体系在我国许多家医院中得到广泛推广和运用,ISO 9000的引入,提高了医院的管理水平,强化了医疗质量的保证,对医疗安全起到了较好的防范和控制作用,促进医院健康、快速的向前发展.医院引入ISO 9000并不单纯强调通过认证注册,而是得到一种管理理念、服务意识上的升华.对于医院来讲,通过引入ISO 9000,建立适合医院自身特点、与国家政策相匹配的全程病例管理服务模式将极大地促进ISO 9000标准与我国目前医院实际情况相结合,使医院管理更加专业化,更好的提升医院管理水平.

  17. Financial benefits of an ISO 9001 certification

    OpenAIRE

    Ari Hróbjartsson 1983

    2012-01-01

    Several companies in Iceland have received ISO 9001 certification in recent years. It has been researched qualitatively whether there is a financial benefit from getting ISO 9001 certification in Iceland but it has never been researched quantitatively. In this research all ISO 9001 certified companies that were operating in a competitive market in Iceland were compared to similar companies in an effort to find out if there was a financial benefit from becoming ISO 9001 certified. The result o...

  18. Case-control study of arsenic in drinking water and lung cancer in California and Nevada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dauphiné, David C; Smith, Allan H; Yuan, Yan; Balmes, John R; Bates, Michael N; Steinmaus, Craig

    2013-08-02

    Millions of people are exposed to arsenic in drinking water, which at high concentrations is known to cause lung cancer in humans. At lower concentrations, the risks are unknown. We enrolled 196 lung cancer cases and 359 controls matched on age and gender from western Nevada and Kings County, California in 2002-2005. After adjusting for age, sex, education, smoking and occupational exposures, odds ratios for arsenic concentrations ≥85 µg/L (median = 110 µg/L, mean = 173 µg/L, maximum = 1,460 µg/L) more than 40 years before enrollment were 1.39 (95% CI = 0.55-3.53) in all subjects and 1.61 (95% CI = 0.59-4.38) in smokers. Although odds ratios were greater than 1.0, these increases may have been due to chance given the small number of subjects exposed more than 40 years before enrollment. This study, designed before research in Chile suggested arsenic-related cancer latencies of 40 years or more, illustrates the enormous sample sizes needed to identify arsenic-related health effects in low-exposure countries with mobile populations like the U.S. Nonetheless, our findings suggest that concentrations near 100 µg/L are not associated with markedly high relative risks.

  19. California Dept. of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) Update of the Schools Naturally Occurring Asbestos Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinowski, M.

    2012-12-01

    Prior to acquisition and/or construction of prospective school sites, the California Education Code mandates that school districts complete environmental assessments and cleanups for prospective new or expanding school sites in order to qualify for state funding. If prospective school sites are determined to have environmental contamination from hazardous materials, including naturally occurring hazardous materials such as naturally occurring asbestos (NOA), where there may be unacceptable potential health risks, the school sites must be properly mitigated prior to occupancy for protection of human health and the environment. NOA is of special concern for schools, because children who are exposed to asbestos may be at increased risk of developing asbestos-related diseases over time. In order to protect human health, the Department of Toxic Substances Control's (DTSC) goals at school sites are to: 1) identify the presence of NOA in school site soils using exposure-reducing soil thresholds; 2) manage potential NOA exposures using mitigation measures to reduce generation of airborne asbestos fibers from soils on school sites; and 3) ensure long-term monitoring and protection of mitigation measures via Operations & Maintenance activities. DTSC is currently in the process of revising its Interim Guidance Naturally Occurring Asbestos (NOA) at School Sites - September 2004. The revisions include: 1) updating the guidance to consider incremental sampling for use at NOA sites in consultation with DTSC's project manager and technical staff, and 2) documenting a tiered approach to addressing high and low activity areas on a school.

  20. Case-Control Study of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Lung Cancer in California and Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dauphiné, David C.; Smith, Allan H.; Yuan, Yan; Balmes, John R.; Bates, Michael N.; Steinmaus, Craig

    2013-01-01

    Millions of people are exposed to arsenic in drinking water, which at high concentrations is known to cause lung cancer in humans. At lower concentrations, the risks are unknown. We enrolled 196 lung cancer cases and 359 controls matched on age and gender from western Nevada and Kings County, California in 2002–2005. After adjusting for age, sex, education, smoking and occupational exposures, odds ratios for arsenic concentrations ≥85 µg/L (median = 110 µg/L, mean = 173 µg/L, maximum = 1,460 µg/L) more than 40 years before enrollment were 1.39 (95% CI = 0.55–3.53) in all subjects and 1.61 (95% CI = 0.59–4.38) in smokers. Although odds ratios were greater than 1.0, these increases may have been due to chance given the small number of subjects exposed more than 40 years before enrollment. This study, designed before research in Chile suggested arsenic-related cancer latencies of 40 years or more, illustrates the enormous sample sizes needed to identify arsenic-related health effects in low-exposure countries with mobile populations like the U.S. Nonetheless, our findings suggest that concentrations near 100 µg/L are not associated with markedly high relative risks. PMID:23917816

  1. Case-Control Study of Arsenic in Drinking Water and Lung Cancer in California and Nevada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael N. Bates

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Millions of people are exposed to arsenic in drinking water, which at high concentrations is known to cause lung cancer in humans. At lower concentrations, the risks are unknown. We enrolled 196 lung cancer cases and 359 controls matched on age and gender from western Nevada and Kings County, California in 2002–2005. After adjusting for age, sex, education, smoking and occupational exposures, odds ratios for arsenic concentrations ≥85 µg/L (median = 110 µg/L, mean = 173 µg/L, maximum = 1,460 µg/L more than 40 years before enrollment were 1.39 (95% CI = 0.55–3.53 in all subjects and 1.61 (95% CI = 0.59–4.38 in smokers. Although odds ratios were greater than 1.0, these increases may have been due to chance given the small number of subjects exposed more than 40 years before enrollment. This study, designed before research in Chile suggested arsenic-related cancer latencies of 40 years or more, illustrates the enormous sample sizes needed to identify arsenic-related health effects in low-exposure countries with mobile populations like the U.S. Nonetheless, our findings suggest that concentrations near 100 µg/L are not associated with markedly high relative risks.

  2. 论国际旅行卫生保健中心推行ISO 9000质量管理的实践意义与作用%Discussion on significance and function of quality control to accomplish the ISO 9000 quality standard in the international travel healthcare center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑正福

    2006-01-01

    在国际旅行卫生保健中心(以下简称“保健中心”)建立并实施ISO 9000质量管理体系,是提高其质量管理、促进各项工作规范化、标准化、法制化的一条有效途径。福清保健分中心自2004年7月推行ISO 9001:2000质量管理体系,于2005年5月通过中国质量认证中心认证。现以福清保健分中心为例对保健中心实施ISO 9000质量管理进行探讨。

  3. Stress- and structure-controlled anisotropy in a region of complex faulting—Yuha Desert, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Kroll, Kayla A.

    2015-01-01

    We examine shear velocity anisotropy in the Yuha Desert, California using aftershocks of the 2010 M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. The Yuha Desert is underlain by a complex network of right- and left-lateral conjugate faults, some of which experienced triggered slip during the El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake. An automated method that implements multiple measurement windows and a range of bandpass filters is used to estimate the fast direction (ϕ) and delay time (δt) of the split shear waves. We find an average ϕ oriented approximately north–south suggesting it is primarily controlled by the regional maximum compressive stress direction. However, the spatial variability in ϕ reveals that the fault structures that underlie the Yuha Desert also influence the measured splitting parameters. We infer that the northeast- and northwest-oriented ϕ reflect shear fabric subparallel to the conjugate fault structures. We do not observe a simple correlation between δt and hypocentral distance. Instead, the observed spatial variation in δt suggests that near-source variation in anisotropic strength may be equal to or more important than effects local to the station. No temporal variation in splitting parameters is observed during the 70-day period following the main shock. In this region of complex faulting, we observe a spatially variable pattern of anisotropy that is both stress- and structure-controlled. This study suggests that shear fabric can form even along short, discontinuous fault strands with minimal offset.                   

  4. Integrative Augmentation with the New ISO 10000 Standards1

    OpenAIRE

    Karapetrovic Stanislav

    2014-01-01

    Application and integration of the systems based on ISO 10001: 2007 and other new augmentative standards are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the quality management standards forming the front end of the ISO 10000 series, namely ISO 10001, ISO 10002 and ISO 10003, as well as ISO 19011, the standard which stems from the original augmentative ISO 10000 guideline, specifically ISO 10011 on quality auditing. The ability of these and other similar standards to augment the performance of ...

  5. Explanation and practice on ISO 9000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book reveals introduction on revision of ISO 9000:2000 with full account and contents of revision and change method change into ISO 9001:2000, the basic principle on ISO 9000:2000 and improvement and aim, definition on explanation, method for detail term, demand for ISO/KS A 9001:2000, quality management system development and transition way, standardization for quality management, manual of quality and making procedure and guide, case of quality manual and procedure and guide and ISO 9001:2000 / KS A 9001:2001 an English-Korean translation.

  6. 75 FR 7581 - RTO/ISO Performance Metrics; Notice Requesting Comments on RTO/ISO Performance Metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission RTO/ISO Performance Metrics; Notice Requesting Comments on RTO/ ISO..., work with regional transmission organizations (RTO), Independent System Operators (ISO), stakeholders and other experts to develop standardized measures that track the performance of RTO/ISO...

  7. ISO 17025简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    目前,大家对1SO9000、ISO14000、OHSAS18000等管理体系已不陌生.但对ISO17025可能就比较少接触。所谓ISO17025,就是由国际标准化组织/合格评定委员会(ISO/CASCO)制定的实验室管理标准,前身是ISO/IEC导则25:1990《校准和检测实验室能力的要求》。国际上对实验室认可进行管理的组织是“国际实验室认可合作组织(ILAC)”。由包括中国实验室国家认可委员会(CNACL)在内的44个实验室认可机构参加。ISO17025主要包括:定义、组织和管理、质量体系、审核和评审、人员、设施和环境、设备和标准物质、量值溯源和校准、校准和检测方法、样品管理、记录、证书和报告、校准或检测的分包、外部协助和供给、抱怨等内容。其核心内容为设备和标准物质、量值溯源和校准、校准和检测方法、样品管理。重点是评价实验室校准或检测能力是否达到预期的要求。

  8. ISO camera array development status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibille, F.; Cesarsky, C.; Agnese, P.; Rouan, D.

    1989-01-01

    A short outline is given of the Infrared Space Observatory Camera (ISOCAM), one of the 4 instruments onboard the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), with the current status of its two 32x32 arrays, an InSb charge injection device (CID) and a Si:Ga direct read-out (DRO), and the results of the in orbit radiation simulation with gamma ray sources. A tentative technique for the evaluation of the flat fielding accuracy is also proposed.

  9. ISO: highlights of recent results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metcalfe, L.; Salama, A.

    ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) mission, operating in the wavelength range from 2.5 to 240 microns, made over 26000 scientific observations during its 2.5 year operational lifetime. ISO's results broke new ground on all scales. New asteroid counts and improved asteroid thermophysical models augmented important advances in Solar System chemistry to comprise a striking body of results addressing our planetary system. In turn, parallels between the chemical composition of Solar System dust and dust around other stars revealed by the comparison of stellar spectra with cometary spectra, together with results on the incidence and stability of stellar disks, recall the birth of our Solar System and point to fundamental similarities with other star systems. Numerous important facts concerning the chemistry of the ISM have unfolded, such as the ubiquity of water and of the probably-organic carriers of the Unidentified Infrared Bands (UIBs). The large systematic body of data on galactic stars has permitted fascinating advances in the characterisation of important aspects of stellar evolution. Investigations of nearby normal galaxies complement template specimens of interacting galaxies. These in turn exemplify galaxy evolutionary processes in the early Universe associated with a huge burst of dust-obscured star formation at redshifts of just below one. This global surge of star formation has vital implications for the interpretation and explanation of major components of the Extragalactic Background Light (EBL) and for charting the global history of star formation and the relative importance of sources which derive their energy from accretion processes. Representative examples of key aspects of ISO's recent scientific output will be presented, once again affirming ISO's place at the forefront of successful space-borne astronomy missions.

  10. ISO 9001 in software-developing VSEs assisted by the COMPETISOFT Model

    OpenAIRE

    Esponda, Silvia; Pasini, Ariel C.; Pesado, Patricia Mabel; Boracchia, Marcos

    2012-01-01

    A reconciliation between the COMPETISOFT software process improvement model and the international standard ISO 9001 is presented. The purpose of this reconciliation is analyzing the possibility that small software development businesses, assisted by the generation of the documents and the control of the activities defined with the COMPETISOFT Model, can obtain the ISO 9001 standard certification for Project Management and Software Development Processes.

  11. An 11-year retrospective review of venlafaxine ingestion in children from the California Poison Control System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doroudgar, S; Perry, P J; Lackey, G D; Veselova, N G; Chuang, H M; Albertson, T E

    2016-07-01

    Venlafaxine is commonly used in the United States for approved and non-Food and Drug Administration-approved indications in adults. It is used off-label to treat children for psychiatric diagnoses. The aim of the study was to describe venlafaxine toxicities in children and to identify the venlafaxine dose per weight that correlates with toxicities. An 11-year retrospective study of venlafaxine ingestion in children was performed using the California Poison Control System (CPCS) database. Data was extracted from phone calls received by CPCS clinicians and follow-up phone calls made to assess the patient's progress in a health-care setting. Inclusion criteria were venlafaxine ingestion cases reported to CPCS between January 2001 and December 2011, children aged 20 years and under, venlafaxine as the only ingested substance, managed in a health-care facility, and followed to a known outcome. Two hundred sixty-two cases met the study criteria. Common presentations included gastrointestinal (14.9%), altered mental status (13.7%), and tachycardia (13.4%). The majority of the cases resulted in no effect (51.5%) or minor effect (19.9%). The average estimated dose per weight was 18.3 mg/kg in all patients and 64.5 mg/kg in those experiencing moderate-to-severe adverse effects. Seizures occurred in only 4 of the 262 cases at doses ranging from 1500 to 7500 mg. Although the estimated dose per weight exceeded 10 mg/kg for the majority of the cases, only 12 cases resulted in moderate or severe outcomes. The majority of venlafaxine ingestion cases in children resulted in either no clinical effects or minor clinical effects. PMID:26351291

  12. Use of Sediment Budgets for Watershed Erosion Control Planning: A Case Study From Northern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, M.; McDavitt, W.

    2002-05-01

    Erosion, sedimentation and peak flow increases caused by forest management for commercial timber production may negatively affect aquatic habitat of endangered anadromous fish such as coho salmon ({\\ it O. kisutch}). This paper summarizes a portion of a Watershed Analysis study performed for Pacific Lumber Company, Scotia, CA, focusing on erosion and sedimentation processes and rates and downstream sediment routing and water quality in the Freshwater Creek watershed in northwest California. Hillslope, road and bank erosion, channel sedimentation and sediment rates were quantified using field surveys, aerial photo interpretation, and empirical modeling approaches for different elements of the study. Sediment transport rates for bedload were modeled, and sediment transport rates for suspended sediment were estimated based on size distribution of sediment inputs in relation to sizes transported in suspension. The resulting sediment budget was validated through comparison using recent short-term, high-quality estimates of suspended sediment yield collected by a community watershed group at a downstream monitoring site with technical assistance from the US Forest Service. Another check on the sediment budget was provided by bedload yield data from an adjacent watershed, Jacoby Creek. The sediment budget techniques and bedload routing models used for this study provide sediment yield estimates that are in good agreement with available data. These results suggest that sediment budget techniques that require moderate levels of fieldwork can be used to provide relatively accurate technical assessments for use in the TMDL process. The sediment budget also identifies the most significant sediment sources and suggests a framework within which effective erosion control strategies can be developed.

  13. State Water Resources Control Board, California Agreement in Principle 1995 summary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement in Principle (AIP) was established as part of the Secretary of Energy's Ten-Point Initiative which was announced in 1989. One of the Secretary's goals was to integrate the Department of Energy's (DOE) national security mission with their environmental restoration and compliance responsibilities. In an effort to accomplish this goal, DOE increased the role of the states in the oversight of DOE's monitoring programs through AIPs. The State of California and DOE negotiated the California AIP beginning in 1989 and signed the Agreement in September 1990. The AIP identified six DOE facilities to be evaluated under the program. The six facilities evaluated by the AIP program were: (1) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) including LLNL's Site 300; (2) Sandia National Laboratories, California (SNL/CA); (3) Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL); (4) Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC); (5) Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC); and (6) Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research (LEHR)

  14. Approaches to the ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation for Pu and U accountancy analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality control section of Plutonium Fuel Development Center (PFDC) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been analyzing isotopic compositions by Mass Spectrometry as well as content by Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) of plutonium and uranium in nuclear materials. Along with establishing and managing the quality assurance system, ensuring the reliability of the analysis data is important. PFDC has been establishing the quality management system with ISO9001. ISO9001 consists of management requirements for quality system of organizations. While ISO/IEC 17025 consists of technical requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories in addition to the management requirements. The quality control section addressed technical improvement to improve further reliability of analysis quality and we have accredited for ISO/IEC 17025 of isotopic compositions and content of plutonium and uranium in nuclear materials in March 2010. In this presentation, we report our approaches to the ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation and operation status. (author)

  15. Cryogenic mechanism for ISO camera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luciano, G.

    1987-12-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) camera configuration, architecture, materials, tribology, motorization, and development status are outlined. The operating temperature is 2 to 3 K, at 2.5 to 18 microns. Selected material is a titanium alloy, with MoS2/TiC lubrication. A stepping motor drives the ball-bearing mounted wheels to which the optical elements are fixed. Model test results are satisfactory, and also confirm the validity of the test facilities, particularly for vibration tests at 4K.

  16. 77 FR 20388 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Large Spark-Ignition (LSI) Engines...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... context of section 209(b) motor vehicle waivers).\\7\\ \\5\\ 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). \\6\\ See 62 FR 67733... increased risk of burn or fire) associated with compliance with the California standard. \\7\\ See 59 FR 36969... the issues raised by A4A. \\32\\ See, e.g., 74 FR 32744, 32783 (July 8, 2009). \\33\\ See Motor...

  17. 76 FR 34693 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Within-the-Scope Determination for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... for public hearing and comment on CARB's request. \\8\\ 76 FR 5368 (January 31, 2011). Although CARB's... (February 23, 2010), and 70 FR 22034 (April 28, 2005). \\36\\ CARB, Request that Amendments to California's...\\ In its initial greenhouse gas Waiver Request letter, CARB stated: \\38\\ 74 FR at 32762. \\39\\ 74 FR...

  18. 78 FR 50412 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Amendments to Spark Ignition Marine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... Ignition Engine (``Marine SI'') regulations.'' \\1\\ 72 FR 14546 (March 28, 2007). \\2\\ 76 FR 24872 (May 3... locomotives. \\7\\ 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). \\8\\ See 62 FR 67733 (December 30, 1997). The applicable... the California standard. \\9\\ See 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). In order to be consistent with...

  19. 76 FR 77521 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Commercial Harbor Craft Regulations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... increased risk of burn or fire) associated with compliance with the California standard. \\13\\ See 59 FR... EPA review of the State decision to be a narrow one.'' \\18\\ \\18\\ See, e.g., 40 FR 21102-103 (May 28.... \\22\\ 76 FR 38153 (June 29, 2011). In response to EPA's June 29, 2011 Federal Register notice,...

  20. 78 FR 721 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Transport Refrigeration Units...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... 209(e) of the Clean Air Act, or are not subject to Clean Air Act preemption. \\4\\ 74 FR 3030 (January... 209(b) motor vehicle waivers).\\7\\ \\5\\ 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994). \\6\\ 62 FR 67733 (December 30, 1997... or fire) associated with compliance with the California standard. \\7\\ 59 FR 36969 (July 20, 1994)....

  1. EVALUATION OF BARLEY STRAW AS AN ALTERNATIVE ALGAE CONTROL METHOD IN A NORTHERN CALIFORNIA RICE FIELD

    Science.gov (United States)

    California rice fields are shallow water systems with depths usually less than 15 cm. Excessive algal growth often characterizes a significant proportion of them. Especially troublesome are species of green algae and cyanobacteria which interfere with rice growth by becoming entangled with the seed...

  2. Surveillance, insecticide resistance and control of an invasive Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae population in California [version 3; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony J. Cornel

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The invasion and subsequent establishment in California of Aedes aegypti in 2013 has created new challenges for local mosquito abatement and vector control districts. Studies were undertaken to identify effective and economical strategies to monitor the abundance and spread of this mosquito species as well as for its control. Overall, BG Sentinel (BGS traps were found to be the most sensitive trap type to measure abundance and spread into new locations. Autocidal-Gravid-Ovitraps (AGO-B, when placed at a site for a week, performed equally to BGS in detecting the presence of female Ae. aegypti. Considering operational cost and our findings, we recommend use of BGS traps for surveillance in response to service requests especially in locations outside the known infestation area. We recommend AGO-Bs be placed at fixed sites, cleared and processed once a week to monitor mosquito abundance within a known infestation area. Long-term high density placements of AGO-Bs were found to show promise as an environmentally friendly trap-kill control strategy. California Ae. aegypti were found to be homozygous for the V1016I mutation in the voltage gated sodium channel gene, which is implicated to be involved in insecticide resistance. This strain originating from Clovis, California was resistant to some pyrethroids but not to deltamethrin in bottle bio-assays. Sentinel cage ultra-low-volume (ULV trials using a new formulation of deltamethrin (DeltaGard® demonstrated that it provided some control (average of 56% death in sentinel cages in a 91.4 m spray swath after a single truck mounted aerial ULV application in residential areas.

  3. Surveillance, insecticide resistance and control of an invasive Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae population in California [version 2; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony J. Cornel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The invasion and subsequent establishment in California of Aedes aegypti in 2013 has created new challenges for local mosquito abatement and vector control districts. Studies were undertaken to identify effective and economical strategies to monitor the abundance and spread of this mosquito species as well as for its control. Overall, BG Sentinel (BGS traps were found to be the most sensitive trap type to measure abundance and spread into new locations. Autocidal-Gravid-Ovitraps (AGO-B, when placed at a site for a week, performed equally to BGS in detecting the presence of female Ae. aegypti. Considering operational cost and our findings, we recommend use of BGS traps for surveillance in response to service requests especially in locations outside the known infestation area. We recommend AGO-Bs be placed at fixed sites, cleared and processed once a week to monitor mosquito abundance within a known infestation area. Long-term high density placements of AGO-Bs were found to show promise as an environmentally friendly trap-kill control strategy. California Ae. aegypti were found to be homozygous for the V1016I mutation in the voltage gated sodium channel gene, which is implicated to be involved in insecticide resistance. This strain originating from Clovis, California was resistant to some pyrethroids but not to deltamethrin in bottle bio-assays. Sentinel cage ultra-low-volume (ULV trials using a new formulation of deltamethrin (DeltaGard® demonstrated that it provided some control (average of 56% death in sentinel cages in a 91.4 m spray swath after a single truck mounted aerial ULV application in residential areas.

  4. HERBAL PRODUCT REALIZATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH WHO AND ISO GUIDELINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. J. Ameh et al

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Following the Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978, the World Health Organization (WHO began the issuance of guidelines for developing standardized herbal preparations from Traditional Medicine (TM. Similarly in 1987, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO launched the most anticipated industrial standard (ISO 9001 in world history. The seventh (7th clause of ISO 9001’s eight clauses is devoted to “Product Realization”- a quality management system (QMS procedure that includes: planning of product realization; appreciation of customer-related processes; design and development processes; purchasing; production and service provision; and control of measuring and monitoring equipment. Purpose: The article takes a hard look at the QMS processes involved in product realization and the critical stages of the WHO model of herbal drug development from TM, with a view to devising a framework that can be used to promote the production of quality herbal products, commencing from the stage of ethnobotanical survey, through the laboratory, to the clinic.Methodology: Both the WHO model of herbal drug development and the 7th clause of ISO 9001:2008 were critically reviewed and combined to yield a framework that is discussed within the context of guiding herbal drug development from TM. Results and Discussion: The resulting WHO-ISO framework of herbal product realization is discussed in terms of its relevance to practical problems of GMP-production using herbal starting materials, given their innate variability in composition, potency and appearance. Conclusion: The provisions of ISO 9001’s seventh clause can, to a large extent, be applied to the production of quality herbal products developed in accordance with WHO.

  5. Alternativas de control en la pudrición radical de cebolla para el Valle de la Trinidad, Baja California Control Alternatives for Onion root rot in the Trinity Valley, Baja California

    OpenAIRE

    Armando Pulido-Herrera; Emma Zavaleta-Mejía; Lourdes Cervantes-Díaz; Onécimo Grimaldo-Juárez

    2012-01-01

    La pudrición radical en cebolla es la enfermedad más importante en el Valle de la Trinidad, Baja California, México. Con el propósito de evaluar estrategias de control para la enfermedad se realizaron tres experimentos durante 2007, 2008 y 2009. En el experimento I (2007) los tratamientos fueron: 1) Tiofanato metílico; 2) Smicobac (Trichoderma + Bacillus sp. + Azospirillum sp. + Pseudomonas sp.); 3) estiércol de bovino (EB); 4) residuos de cebolla (RC); 5) solarización plástico transparente (...

  6. A Systems Perspective on ISO 26000

    OpenAIRE

    Missimer, Merlina; Robèrt, Karl-Henrik; Broman, Göran

    2014-01-01

    Since its publication in 2010, ISO 26000 has become the de-facto standard of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). While not a certifiable standard in ISO terms, but rather a guidance document, it has become the document many corporations use as their basis for CSR work. ISO 26000 claims that the objective of social responsibility is to contribute to sustainable development, using the Brundtland definition – development, which meets the needs the present without compromising the ability of f...

  7. 什么是ISO 9000?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      ISO 9000是国际标准化组织(英文简称ISO)于1987年3月订立的一种产品质量保证制度国际标准,它又被称为ISO 9000系列质量管理及质量保证标准指导纲要.……

  8. ISO 9001 certification : customer’s perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Matias, Diana; Sampaio, Paulo; Braga, A.C.

    2011-01-01

    Based on our own experience and on the literature review carried out the ISO 9001 research studies have mostly addressed certification issues from the companies point of view, namely companies certification motivations and benefits, benefits evolution over time, barriers to the quality management system implementation, evolution and diffusion of worldwide ISO 9001 certification, the impact on organizational and financial performance and the relation between ISO 9001 and Total Quality Manageme...

  9. ISO/IEC 27001与ISO/IEC 27002标准的演变%Introduction of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宗晓; 王静漪

    2015-01-01

    We reorganized history of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002 in chronological order, includingdevelopment process before becoming international standard and the process of adoption as Chinese standards.%本文按照时间顺序梳理了ISO/IEC 27001和ISO/IEC 27002的发展过程,其中包括这两个标准成为国际标准的开发过程以及被等同采用为我国国家标准的过程。

  10. ISO/IEC 27001与ISO/IEC 27002标准的演变%Introduction of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宗晓; 王静漪

    2015-01-01

    本文按照时间顺序梳理了ISO/IEC 27001和ISO/IEC 27002的发展过程,其中包括这两个标准成为国际标准的开发过程以及被等同采用为我国国家标准的过程。%We reorganized history of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002 in chronological order, includingdevelopment process before becoming international standard and the process of adoption as Chinese standards.

  11. The European Large Area ISO Survey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliver, S.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Alexander, D.M.;

    2000-01-01

    We describe the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS). ELAIS was the largest single Open Time project conducted by ISO, mapping an area of 12 deg(2) at 15 mu m with ISOCAM and at 90 mu m with ISOPHOT. Secondary surveys in other ISO bands were undertaken by the ELAIS team within the fields...... using both ISOCAM and ISOPHOT. We detail how the ELAIS survey complements other ISO surveys in terms of depth and areal coverage, and show that the extensive multi-wavelength coverage of the ELAIS fields resulting from our concerted and on-going follow-up programme has made these regions amongst...

  12. Implementation and Impact of ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    Manders, Basak

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract __ The ISO 9001 quality management standard has been implemented by more than one million organizations in 187 countries since its introduction in 1987. A newer version of ISO 9001 is planned to be introduced in 2015. Even though it is widely used by organizations to gain both operational and market benefits, the studies on the impact of ISO 9001 report mixed findings. Therefore, the aim of this dissertation is to find out what is the impact of ISO 9001, and to bett...

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: ISO Observation Log (ISO Team, 2001)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iso Data, Centre

    2001-04-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is an ESA (European Space Agency) project with instruments funded by ESA member states (especially the PI countries France, Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom) and with participation of ISAS (Japan) and NASA (USA). It was operated from November 1995 till May 1998, almost a year longer than expected. As an unprecedented observatory for infrared astronomy, able to examine cool and hidden places in the Universe, ISO successfully made nearly 30,000 scientific observations. The ISO data can be retrieved from the ISO Data Archive, available at the ISO Data Centre at http://www.iso.vilspa.esa.es, comprising about 140,000 observations, including parallel mode and serendipity observations. ISO helpdesk: helpdesk@iso.vilspa.esa.es (1 data file).

  14. Alternativas de control en la pudrición radical de cebolla para el Valle de la Trinidad, Baja California Control Alternatives for Onion root rot in the Trinity Valley, Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Pulido-Herrera

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La pudrición radical en cebolla es la enfermedad más importante en el Valle de la Trinidad, Baja California, México. Con el propósito de evaluar estrategias de control para la enfermedad se realizaron tres experimentos durante 2007, 2008 y 2009. En el experimento I (2007 los tratamientos fueron: 1 Tiofanato metílico; 2 Smicobac (Trichoderma + Bacillus sp. + Azospirillum sp. + Pseudomonas sp.; 3 estiércol de bovino (EB; 4 residuos de cebolla (RC; 5 solarización plástico transparente (SPT, 6 solarización plástico negro (SPN; 7 SPT + EB; 8 SPT + RC; 9 SPN + EB; 10 SPN + RC; 11 Trichodef (Trichoderma harzianum;y 12testigo. En el experimento II (2008, los tratamientos fueron los mismos excepto el tratamiento 2, sustituido porprotector (extractos vegetales; y en el experimento III (2009 los tratamientos fueron: 1 SPT + estiércol de ovino (EO; 2 SPN + EO; 3 SPT; 4 SPN; 5 control biológico (Trichoderma spp.; y 6 control químico (2- (tiocianometiltio benzotiazol 30%. Los resultados indicaron que los tratamientos solarización plástico transparente con o sin enmiendas orgánicas, presentaron incrementos significativos (p≤ 0.05 de 22 a 34% en el rendimiento y diámetro del bulbo con respecto al control biológico y químico; sin embargo, en estos dos últimos tratamientos la incidencia y severidad se redujo significativamente (p≤ 0.05, por lo que la solarización con plástico transparente y el control biológico, son alternativas viables para el control de la pudrición radical en cultivos de cebolla en Baja California, México.Onion's root rot is the most important disease in the Trinidad Valle, Baja California, Mexico. In orderto evaluate strategies to control this disease, three experiments were conducted during 2007, 2008 and 2009. In experiment I (2007 the treatments were: 1 Thiophanate methyl; 2 Smicobac (Trichoderma+Bacillus sp. + Azospirillum sp. + Pseudomonas sp.; 3 cattle manure (EB; 4 waste of onion (RC; 5 clear plastic

  15. New ISO standards for hearing protectors (A)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Torben

    2000-01-01

    Working Group 17 under ISO/TC43/SC1 deals with measurement of hearing protector attenuation. WG17 is presently involved in revision of the present 4869-1 standard (especially sound field requirements and reproducibility estimations) and formulation of a new standard where inexperienced hearing...... protector users are mandatory as test subjects. The latter procedure has recently been introduced in the USA, Australia, and New Zealand. Both the present and the new standard use the Real Ear At Threshold (REAT) method. Results from investigations of the sound field in different test environments...... will be presented and the status of coming standards for impulse noise and for devices with active noise control will be mentioned....

  16. Sistemas de referencia e identificadores geográficos (ISO 19111, ISO 19112, ISO 6709)

    OpenAIRE

    Sevilla, Miguel J.; Iguácel Abeigón, Cristina; Abad Power, Paloma

    2008-01-01

    Para la familia de normas ISO 19100 describir de manera normalizada, consistente, no ambigua y eficaz posiciones geográficas, es decir posiciones relativas a la superficie terrestre, es fundamental. El posicionamiento es el rasgo diferenciador de la IG, y su normalización un elemento clave para la interoperabilidad de los sistemas. Por ello, se trata de un aspecto esencial y, en ese sentido pueden considerarse básicas las normas que atañen a este propósito de una manera más dir...

  17. Controlling transportation and wildlife-habitat linkages through partnerships, planning, and science near Los Angeles, California

    OpenAIRE

    Sauvajot, Raymond M.; Pettler, Amy; Marquez, Barbara; Sikich, Jeffrey; Riley, Seth

    2005-01-01

    Beginning in 1996, the National Park Service, Caltrans, and other agencies and organizations have worked together collecting, analyzing, and sharing data about regional wildlife- movement corridors within the Santa Susana Mountains, Simi Hills, and Santa Monica Mountains, near Los Angeles, California. This region is characterized by intense urban development, several major multi-lane highways, and large expanses of protected open space supporting abundant wildlife. Scientific studies include ...

  18. California Bioregions

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — California regions developed by the Inter-agency Natural Areas Coordinating Committee (INACC) were digitized from a 1:1,200,000 California Department of Fish and...

  19. Maximizing Value for Training with ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, C. W. Russ; Russo, Tracy Callaway

    1996-01-01

    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has created quality assurance guidelines that help technology trainers and educators manage and organize training programs. This article briefly outlines program design principles, emphasizing needs analysis and outcome evaluation, performance documentation, and process management. ISO 9000…

  20. Trigonometry on Iso-Taxicab Geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Kocayusufoğlu, İsmail

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, we will define the iso-taxicab trigonmetric functions (cos_{I}theta), (sin_{I}theta), (tan_{I}) and (cot_{I}theta). Then, we will give the subtraction formulas for iso-taxicab trigonometric functions (cos_{I}theta) and (sin_{I}theta).

  1. Implementation and Impact of ISO 9001

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Manders (Basak)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract __ The ISO 9001 quality management standard has been implemented by more than one million organizations in 187 countries since its introduction in 1987. A newer version of ISO 9001 is planned to be introduced in 2015. Even though it is widely used by organizations to gai

  2. Manufacturing Bms/Iso System Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Yazmin

    2004-01-01

    The Quality Management System (QMS) is one that recognizes the need to continuously change and improve an organization s products and services as determined by system feedback, and corresponding management decisions. The purpose of a Quality Management System is to minimize quality variability of an organization's products and services. The optimal Quality Management System balances the need for an organization to maintain flexibility in the products and services it provides with the need for providing the appropriate level of discipline and control over the processes used to provide them. The goal of a Quality Management System is to ensure the quality of the products and services while consistently (through minimizing quality variability) meeting or exceeding customer expectations. The GRC Business Management System (BMS) is the foundation of the Center's ISO 9001:2000 registered quality system. ISO 9001 is a quality system model developed by the International Organization for Standardization. BMS supports and promote the Glenn Research Center Quality Policy and wants to ensure the customer satisfaction while also meeting quality standards. My assignment during this summer is to examine the manufacturing processes used to develop research hardware, which in most cases are one of a kind hardware, made with non conventional equipment and materials. During this process of observation I will make a determination, based on my observations of the hardware development processes the best way to meet customer requirements and at the same time achieve the GRC quality standards. The purpose of my task is to review the manufacturing processes identifying opportunities in which to optimize the efficiency of the processes and establish a plan for implementation and continuous improvement.

  3. ISO-9000 : effects on the global marketplace and contract relations with the U.S. Department of Defense

    OpenAIRE

    Stoddard, C. W.

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine how the direction toward standardizing quality control systems woridwide, specifically ISO-9000 criteria, is affecting business procedures both internally (operations) and externally (global marketing). A methndology for determining current opinions and business practices concerning ISO-9000 certification was developed by reviewing the most current literature avallable and through personal interviews with various quality systems managers of ISO-9000 c...

  4. Recommended Changes to Specifications for Demand Controlled Ventilation in California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David

    2010-04-08

    In demand-controlled ventilation (DCV), rates of outdoor air ventilation are automatically modulated as occupant density varies. The objective is to keep ventilation rates at or above design specifications and code requirements and also to save energy by avoiding excessive ventilation rates. DCV is most often used in spaces with highly variable and sometime dense occupancy. In almost all cases, carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) sensors installed in buildings provide the signal to the ventilation rate control system. People produce and exhale CO{sub 2} as a consequence of their normal metabolic processes; thus, the concentrations of CO{sub 2} inside occupied buildings are higher than the concentrations of CO{sub 2} in the outdoor air. The magnitude of the indoor-outdoor CO{sub 2} concentration difference decreases as the building's ventilation rate per person increases. The difference between the indoor and outdoor CO{sub 2} concentration is also a proxy for the indoor concentrations of other occupant-generated bioeffluents, such as body odors. Reviews of the research literature on DCV indicate a significant potential for energy savings, particularly in buildings or spaces with a high and variable occupancy. Based on modeling, cooling energy savings from applications of DCV are as high as 20%. With support from the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has performed research on the performance of CO{sub 2} sensing technologies and optical people counters for DCV. In addition, modeling was performed to evaluate the potential energy savings and cost effectiveness of using DCV in general office spaces within the range of California climates. The above-described research has implications for the specifications pertaining to DCV in section 121 of the California Title 24 Standard. Consequently, this document suggests possible changes in these specifications based on the research findings. The suggested

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: ISO Observation Log (ISO Data Centre, 2004)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ISO Data Centre, 2004

    2004-04-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is an ESA (European Space Agency) project with instruments funded by ESA member states (especially the PI countries France, Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom) and with participation of ISAS (Japan) and NASA (USA). It was operated from November 1995 till May 1998, almost a year longer than expected. As an unprecedented observatory for infrared astronomy, able to examine cool and hidden places in the Universe, ISO successfully made nearly 30,000 scientific observations. The ISO Data Archive is available at the ISO Data Centre at http://www.iso.vilspa.esa.es and it includes about 150,000 observations, if account is taken of calibration and parallel or serendipity mode observations. The catalogue contains all observations performed in standard observing modes exempt from technical problems; special flags indicate calibration observations. ISO helpdesk: helpdesk@iso.vilspa.esa.es (1 data file).

  6. VizieR Online Data Catalog: ISO Observation Log of validated data (ISO Data Centre, 2001)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ISO Data Centre

    2001-06-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is an ESA (European Space Agency) project with instruments funded by ESA member states (especially the PI countries France, Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom) and with participation of ISAS (Japan) and NASA (USA). It was operated from November 1995 till May 1998, almost a year longer than expected. As an unprecedented observatory for infrared astronomy, able to examine cool and hidden places in the Universe, ISO successfully made nearly 30,000 scientific observations. The ISO data can be retrieved from the ISO Data Archive, available at the ISO Data Centre at http://www.iso.vilspa.esa.es, comprising about 150,000 observations, including parallel and serendipity mode observations. This catalogue contains a subset of the science observations, exempt from technical problems and performed in standard observing modes, for which the automated pipeline processing products have been declared as scientifically validated by the instrument teams. The catalogue gives observation details and provides links to quick-look images depicting the data and to observation specific documentation. The final version of the ISO automated Offline Processing Software and associated Calibration files (OLP 10.0 and CALG 7.0) is available through the on-the-fly-reprocessing facility of the ISO Data Archive since June 8, 2001. By the end of 2001, all ISO telemetry will have been reprocessed with this version of the pipeline software, and the ISO Data Archive will have been repopulated with the latest version of the products. During ISO's Active Archive Phase, ending in 2006, effort will be invested to augment the archive content for many observations by ingestion of products which become available through interactive or specialised processing of subsets of the ISO data. So the archive will continue to be improved in terms of both its user friendliness, and the immediacy with which products can be taken and used. ISO helpdesk: helpdesk@iso

  7. [Merits of acquiring ISO15189 accreditation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitagawa, Masami

    2010-01-01

    In Japan, an ISO15189 accreditation system was started in 2005. To date, 47 hospitals have been accredited. In this session, I will present the merits of acquiring accreditation regarding ISO15189 based on our experience. Our hospital has 263 beds. The Clinical Examination Section consists of 12 staff (including 5 part-time workers): 7 in change of sample examination and 5 in charge of physiological examination. The annual number of samples is approximately 150,000. Samples collected on health checkups account for 90%. To improve the quality and service, assessment by third persons has been positively utilized in our hospital. Accreditation regarding ISO9001, ISO14001, ISO27001, privacy mark, hospital function assessment, the functional assessment of "ningen-dock"/health checkup hospitals, labor/hygiene service function assessment, and ISO15189 has been acquired. Patients may not recognize ISO. So, it must be utilized, considering that the acquisition of accreditation is not a goal but a starting point. Furthermore, cost-performance should be improved to achieve utilization-related merits. It is important to not only acquire accreditation but also help clinical staff and patients become aware of some changes/merits. Patients may consult a hospital for the following reasons: confidence in the hospital, and the staffs kind/polite attitudes. Long-term management strategies should be established without pursuing only short-term profits. I will introduce several merits of acquiring accreditation regarding ISO15189. Initially, incidental conditions for bids and appeal points include accreditation regarding ISO15189. Our corporation has participated in some competitive bids regarding health checkup business. In some companies, the bid conditions included ISO acquisition. In our hospital, clinical trials have been positively carried out. For participation in trials, hospitals must pass an institutional examination. However, ISO acquisition facilitates the preparation of

  8. ISO Science Legacy A Compact Review of ISO Major Achievements

    CERN Document Server

    Cesarsky, Catherine J

    2006-01-01

    Stars are born and die in clouds of gas and dust, opaque to most types of radiation, but transparent in the infrared. Requiring complex detectors, space missions and cooled telescopes, infrared astronomy is the last branch of this discipline to come of age. After a very successful sky survey performed in the eighties by the IRAS satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, in the nineties, brought spectacular advances in the understanding of the processes giving rise to powerful infrared emission by a great variety of celestial sources. Outstanding results have been obtained on the bright comet Hale-Bopp, and in particular of its water spectrum, as well as on the formation, chemistry and dynamics of planetary objects in the solar system. Ideas on the early stages of stellar formation and on the stellar initial mass function have been clarified. ISO is the first facility in space able to provide a systematic diagnosis of the physical phenomena and the chemistry in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars...

  9. IMPLEMENTATION OF ISO 14001 IN BULGARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristina HARIZANOVA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the last years, the Bulgarian business organizations and government bodies were facing with the increased needs to implement new standards which could bring a higher benefit for companies and also not to affect the environment. The ISO 14 000 Family is based on standards for environmental management and gives the possibility to be applied in any type of organization, public or private sectors, administrations, etc . The main aim of the publication is to trace the implementation of ISO 14001 in Bulgaria by sectors and type of activities. As well this research offers the main reasons to the Bulgarian firms to implement ISO 14001. For reaching the aim, the study made a review of a Evolution of ISO 14001 and its flexibility, in compliance with changes in the environment and business; b Research of the firms which implemented ISO 14001 in Bulgaria, c Content of the activities in the certification cycle. The used methods are according to the research system of the Bulgarian firms which implemented ISO 14001. Finally, some conclusions were drawn about the development of the ISO 14 001 in Bulgaria.

  10. Control biológico del piojo rojo de California, Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) y estrategias reproductivas de su principal enemigo natural Aphytis chrysomphali (Mercet) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Pina Desfilis, Mª Tatiana

    2007-01-01

    RESUMEN Esta tesis describe la situación del control biológico del piojo rojo de California, Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), por parasitoides en la Comunidad Valenciana El piojo rojo de California es una de las plagas más importantes de cítricos en España. Esta plaga, a pesar de todos los tratamientos químicos que se realizan para su control, se encuentra por encima del umbral económico de daños. En este trabajo se constata, tras un muestreo realizado a lo lar...

  11. California Conference on High Blood Pressure Control in the Spanish-Speaking Community (Los Angeles, California, April 1-2, 1978). Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. High Blood Pressure Information Center.

    As part of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program effort, the conference explored the implications and impact of the prevalence of hypertension in Spanish-speaking populations in California. Approximately 150 experts in health fields, representing all levels of government, public and private health care providers, consumers, and health…

  12. Comparison between CMM2 & ISO9001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The Capability Maturity Model(CMM) and ISO9001 are probably thetwo be st known and most widely used models for software organization quality assurance and improvement. As they both continue to evolve, each has a series of versions which own new aspects. This paper discusses the similarities and differences be tween the two models, based on the CMM version 2.0 c and the 1997 release of ISO 9001, examines 20 clauses in ISO9001 and maps them to practices in the latest CMM. In the end, their implementations in China are presented

  13. ISO 9001 2000 : the quality management process

    CERN Document Server

    Tricker, Ray

    2006-01-01

    With the publication of ISO 9001:2000, there is now a single quality management ?requirements? standard that is applicable to all organisations, products and services. ISO 9001:2000 is the only standard that can be used for the certification of a QMS and its generic requirements can be used by any organisation.ISO 9001:2000 applies to all types or organisations. It is the quality standard which specifies the requirements of quality management systems for use where organisations need to demonstrate their capability to provide products and services which meet both customer needs and relevant reg

  14. Analysis of ISO standards applying to surveying engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Fonda, Peter

    2007-01-01

    This graduation thesis describes ISO standards that are in use in surveying engineering for establishment of primary and secondary systems and for determining permitted deviations of points of these systems. Thesis describes some examples of geodetic measuring points and measuring targets. The right way of setting up of these points is a basis for quality measurements. Thesis describes control measurements and permitted deviations to verify geometric characteristics on building sites. Thesis ...

  15. 75 FR 56889 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, San Diego County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ...: EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the San Diego County Air Pollution Control... Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations.... * * * * * (c) * * * (379) * * * (i) * * * (B) San Diego County Air Pollution Control District. (1) Rule...

  16. 75 FR 24544 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Placer County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... Control District, Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management District, San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District, and South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection... Air Pollution Control District (PCAPCD), Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality Management...

  17. The practical application of ISO 22301.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawada, Brian

    2014-01-01

    As well as providing a brief background of ISO 22301, this paper describes three practical uses of the standard, as well as ways to use the content to solve common challenges that business continuity professionals face every day. PMID:25193459

  18. ISO INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR PARTICLE SIZING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Renliang Xu

    2004-01-01

    This introductory article describes how typically an ISO International Standard is made and the activity of the technical committee (TC 24/SC 4) responsible to establish International Standards related to particle sizing methods.

  19. Iso-array rewriting P systems with context-free iso-array rules

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuvaneswari, K; Kalyani, T.; Thomas, D G; Nagar, A. K.; Thamburaj, R.

    2014-01-01

    A new computing model called P system is a highly distributed and parallel theoretical model, which is proposed in the area of membrane computing. Ceterchi et al. initially proposed array rewriting P systems by extending the notion of string rewriting P systems to arrays (2003). A theoretical model for picture generation using context-free iso-array grammar rules and puzzle iso-array grammar rules are introduced by Kalyani et al. (2004, 2006). Also iso-array rewriting P...

  20. Usability evaluation of mobile applications using ISO 9241 and ISO 25062 standards

    OpenAIRE

    Moumane, Karima; Idri, Ali; Abran, Alain

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical study based on a set of measures to evaluate the usability of mobile applications running on different mobile operating systems, including Android, iOS and Symbian. The aim is to evaluate empirically a framework that we have developed on the use of the Software Quality Standard ISO 9126 in mobile environments, especially the usability characteristic. To do that, 32 users had participated in the experiment and we have used ISO 25062 and ISO 9241 standards for o...

  1. "ISO/IEC 17025"与"ISO 9000"的区别与联系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤洁

    2002-01-01

    本文归纳了ISO/IEC 17025和ISO 9000系列标准的基本含义和技术要求,进一步阐明了它们之间的区别和联系,并对我国已获得"17025"和"ISO 9000"证书的部分检验实验室和生产企业的基本状况进行了分析.

  2. P systems generating iso-plcture languages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Subbaiah Annadurai; Thiyagarajan Kalyani; Vincent Rajkumar Dare; Durairaj Gnanaraj Thomas

    2008-01-01

    P systems generating rectangular arrays and hexagonal arrays have been studied in the literature,bringing together the two areas of theoretical computer science,namely membrane computing and picture languages.Recently,a new class of picture languages called the class of iso-picture languages generating interesting picture languages has been introduced.In this paper,we develop a class of tissue-like P systems with active membranes as a generative device for iso-picture languages.

  3. Operationalisierung der Anforderungen aus der ISO 26000

    OpenAIRE

    Gold, Fabian

    2013-01-01

    In der Norm DIN ISO 26000 (Leitfaden zur gesellschaftlichen Verantwortung) werden die Verantwortung von Organisationen "für die Auswirkungen ihrer Entscheidungen und Aktivitäten" auf Gesellschaft und Umwelt sowie Anforderungen zu transparentem und ethischem Verhalten für verantwortlich handelnde Organisationen in den Mittelpunkt gestellt. Die vorliegende Masterarbeit zeigt auf, wie sich die sieben Handlungsfelder aus der Norm DIN ISO 26000 operationalisieren lassen, und welche quantitative...

  4. Certificiran sustav kvalitete prema normama ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Od 2. do 4. prosinca 1998. u "Sireli" je obavljen certifikacijski audit uvedenog sustava kvalitete prema normama ISO 9001. Audit je obavila certifikacijska kuća SOS iz Züricha. Auditom je utvrđeno da sustav kvalitete prema normama ISO 9001 funkcionira, te se predlaže izdavanje certifikata. Prigodom dodjeljivanja ovako visoke ocjene i priznanja, u "Sireli" smo razgovarali sa gosp. Slavkom Kirinom, članom Uprave, odgovornim za razvoj i kvalitetu.

  5. Benefits of the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards: A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Tarí

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the similarities and differences between the benefits derived from implementing the ISO 9001 and the ISO 14001 standards.Methodology/Approach: The paper reviews the literature using an electronic search in the ScienceDirect, ABI/Inform, Emerald databases to identify papers focusing on the adoption of the ISO 9001 and 14001 standards and the benefits derived from implementing them.Findings: The paper identifies 82 articles about ISO 9001 and 29 about ISO 14001. Although some differences can be observed between the benefits considered by ISO 9001 and 14001, there is a great degree of coincidence in the benefits studied. The review suggests 13 benefits as the most usually analyzed (including environmental performance for the case of the ISO 14001 standard by scholars. It is suggested that both standards have clear benefits on operational, people and customer results and that the effects on financial performance are inconclusive.Limitations/implications: One limitation of this paper is that the works identified are conditioned by the search strategy used. In addition, other key words could be included in future studies such as operational, market, quality, financial performance, and customer satisfaction in order to expand this search.Originality/Value: The main contribution is that the paper identifies the literature gap and future research proposals with regard to the benefits of the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards.

  6. 建立ISO 14001 / ISO 9001一体化管理体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付海湘

    2001-01-01

    建立ISO 14001 / ISO 9001环境/质量一体化管理体系是企业管理体系的发展方向。文章从建立ISO 14001 / ISO 9001环境/质量一体化管理体系的优势、途径、文件结构内容、建议的环境/质量手册目次以及必要的程序文件清单等方面进行了总结、介绍。

  7. Geologic and Anthropogenic Controls on Selenium and Nitrate Loading to Southern California Streams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibbs, B. J.; Ellis, A. S.

    2009-12-01

    concentrations of nitrate in leachate, possibly from accumulation from atmospheric fallout. Leachate from non-weathered Miocene rock generally had low nitrate concentrations and low selenium. Miocene shales are exposed in vast areas of Southern California. We are undertaking regional studies to determine if other Southern California Watersheds are affected by elevated nitrate and selenium concentrations, and where selenium may threaten habitat.

  8. An Utilization Method Cooperating ISO drawings and Bookmarks for NDE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inspection of weld parts are performed with various non-destructive test methods such as AUT, VT, PT, ECT, etc. The results have been published in the report booklets. Moreover, huge amount of non-destructive inspection data and reports, which are produced from the '78 Kori 1 to newly constructed power plant, are stored in the management department and DDCC of each power plant. Because the data are not classified, it takes much time to find the corresponding non-destructive test results report of a specific unit of a power plant for a particular year. In addition, it is possibility to make human error because the report is written and submitted after finding manually the non-destructive test results for the concerning weld. When there is a dispute of the results of non-destructive inspection of a particular weld, analyzes the control center, a result of the power plant and the corresponding non-destructive inspection of a particular weld of ISO drawing in many places such as control center, corresponding power plant and CRI was discussed together will be to derive the final conclusion. For discussion, the person in charge of each site, looking for ISO drawings there is a result of the weld, in the past results history report of non-destructive testing for this, by searching the results of the welding site, telephone and E-mail disadvantage of complicated procedures if necessary to the discussion together in -mail is performed I have. In this paper, we describe the contents introduced the ISO drawings and Bookmark function is trying to complement these drawbacks. By applying the present invention utilization, find the ISO drawings manually when querying the results of the non-destructive inspection of past weld, which reduces the time to grasp the content of the non-destructive test results report

  9. Changes in environmental auditing resulting from ISO 14000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanderson, J. [Nova Corp., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1997-12-31

    With the adoption of ISO 14000 a significant new element has been introduced into the environmental programs in the workplace. This element is the ISO management system. The management system provides a structure and process to control all aspects of the environmental program, and provide management with the information they need to set priorities and make decisions on the business`s operations. The ISO 14000 management system consists of four elements in a continuous cycle of Plan-Do-Check-Act and it acts as an umbrella process to integrate all the aspects of the company`s environmental management and control system into a cohesive program that provides management with: the information they need to make decisions, a way of verifying that the decisions are having the desired effect, and a process to continuously improve on environmental performance. A significant component of the Check element of the ISO management system cycle is the audit program. This program provides management with information on; the completeness of the environmental programs in place, the adequacy of the resources in place to manage environmental performance, the level of implementation of the environmental programs, and the degree of compliance with the company`s standards and the applicable regulations. The audit program must be managed the same as any other of the components of the environmental program and it is made up of several components, including: Audit Management Process and Resources; Conducting the Audits; Auditor Training; Audit Protocols; Audit Reporting Structure; Corrective Action Development, Reporting and Monitoring; Feedback System; Management Reporting Structure; and Program Quality Assurance. While the audit program is only one element of a complete environmental program, no program is complete without an effective audit function.

  10. Controlling for race/ethnicity: a comparison of California commercial health plans CAHPS scores to NCBD benchmarks

    OpenAIRE

    Lopez Rebeca A; Hughes Susan; Zweifler John

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Because California has higher managed care penetration and the race/ethnicity of Californians differs from the rest of the United States, we tested the hypothesis that California's lower health plan Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) survey results are attributable to the state's racial/ethnic composition. Methods California CAHPS survey responses for commercial health plans were compared to national responses for five selected measures: three...

  11. Interim animal control plan Modoc National Wildlife refuge Alturas California May 1970

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Management plan to reduce predation impact on refuge bird species. Document includes bird predator control, burrowing mammal control, purpose, species to be...

  12. Host Range Testing of Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) for Use in Classical Biological Control of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae) in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bistline-East, Allison; Pandey, Raju; Kececi, Mehmet; Hoddle, Mark S

    2015-06-01

    Host range tests for Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (Shafee, Alam, & Agarwal) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), an endoparasitoid of Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), sourced from Punjab Pakistan, were conducted in quarantine at the University of California, Riverside, CA. Seven nontarget psyllid species representing four psyllid families were exposed to mated D. aligarhensis females in four different treatment types: 1) short sequential no-choice treatments, 2) prolonged sequential no-choice treatments, 3) prolonged no-choice static treatments, and 4) choice treatments. Selection of nontarget psyllid species was based on phylogenetic proximity to D. citri, likelihood of being encountered by D. aligarhensis in the prospective release areas in California, and psyllid species in biological control of invasive weeds. D. aligarhensis exhibited high host affinity to D. citri, and only parasitized one nontarget species, the pestiferous potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc), at low levels (citri. Results presented here suggest D. aligarhensis poses minimal risk to nontarget psyllid species in California. PMID:26470214

  13. Host Range Testing of Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) for Use in Classical Biological Control of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Liviidae) in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bistline-East, Allison; Pandey, Raju; Kececi, Mehmet; Hoddle, Mark S

    2015-06-01

    Host range tests for Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (Shafee, Alam, & Agarwal) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), an endoparasitoid of Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), sourced from Punjab Pakistan, were conducted in quarantine at the University of California, Riverside, CA. Seven nontarget psyllid species representing four psyllid families were exposed to mated D. aligarhensis females in four different treatment types: 1) short sequential no-choice treatments, 2) prolonged sequential no-choice treatments, 3) prolonged no-choice static treatments, and 4) choice treatments. Selection of nontarget psyllid species was based on phylogenetic proximity to D. citri, likelihood of being encountered by D. aligarhensis in the prospective release areas in California, and psyllid species in biological control of invasive weeds. D. aligarhensis exhibited high host affinity to D. citri, and only parasitized one nontarget species, the pestiferous potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc), at low levels (citri. Results presented here suggest D. aligarhensis poses minimal risk to nontarget psyllid species in California.

  14. Effects of site disturbance and vegetation control on aboveground biomass in young mixed-conifer plantations in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, J.; Powers, R.; Fiddler, G. [United States Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service, CA (United States). California Long-Term Soil Productivity Experiment Steering Committee, Pacific Southwest Research Station; Young, D. [United States Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service, CA (United States). California Long-Term Soil Productivity Experiment Steering Committee, Shasta-Trinity National Forest; Roath, B.; Landram, M. [United States Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service, CA (United States). California Long-Term Soil Productivity Experiment Steering Committee, Pacific Southwest Region

    2010-07-01

    This study evaluated the effect of vegetation control and site disturbance on aboveground biomass in young conifer plantations in California. Ten-year vegetation data from 12 long-term soil productivity sites in the Sierra Nevada and southern Cascades were used to determine above ground biomass. In addition, 15-year vegetation data from 3 earlier Sierra Nevada sites was also examined. The aim of the study was to determine how biomass management impacts site productivity in the next generation of forest. The sites included 9 factorial combinations of 3 organic matter removals. Plots were planted with a mixture of conifers and divided into 2 subplots where understory vegetation was either controlled, or allowed to develop naturally. The study showed that neither the 10-year nor the 15-year total aboveground biomass was significantly impacted by organic matter removal. Results indicated that no negative effect of either organic matter removal or soil compaction on total aboveground biomass occurred in the early stages of stand development of mixed conifer plantations. However, understory control significantly decreased total site production as a result of delayed site occupancy.

  15. Aplikace ISO norem v oblasti vývoje softwaru

    OpenAIRE

    Ullrich, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Thesis evaluates ISO standars used for software developement and their relationship to methodologies. It also describes processes according to international standard ISO/IEC 12207 and quality management systems according to ISO 9000. It evaluates also mothodlogy RUP and agile methodollogies. The goal of the thesis to tailor processes related to ISO 9001 to be compliant to the ISO/IEC 12207 in a small company.

  16. Joint environmental assessment 1997--2001 of the California Department of Food and Agriculture Curly Top Virus Control Program for Bureau of Land Management and Department of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The DOE, Naval Petroleum reserves in California (NPRC), proposes to sign an Amendment to the Cooperative Agreement and Supplement with the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) to extend the term of the Curly Top Virus Control Program (CTVCP) in California. This program involves Malathion spraying on NPRC lands to control the beet leafhopper, over a five year period from 1997 through 2001. It is expected that approximately 330 acres on Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 1 (NPR-1) and approximately 9,603 acres on Naval Petroleum Reserve Number 2 (NPR-2) will be treated with Malathion annually by CDFA during the course of this program. The actual acreage subject to treatment can vary from year to year. Pursuant to the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended, the potential impacts of the proposed action were analyzed in a Joint Environmental Assessment (DOE/EA-1011) with the US Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) acting as lead agency, in consultation with the CDFA, and the DOE acting as a cooperating agency. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the conduct of the Curly Top Virus Control Program in California is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the NEPA. Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement is not required and DOE is consequently issuing a FONSI.

  17. ISO 31000的整合实施%An Integrated Implementation of ISO 31000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕多加; 高晓红

    2013-01-01

    The article describes a generic implementation process for risk management that integrates the risk management framework and process described in ISO 31000. According to the process the organizations are able to effectively implement risk management ISO 31000, adapted to their unique circumstances.

  18. Transforming the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) into an ISO Standard (ISO19152)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmen, C.H.J.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.; Uitermark, H.T.; Thompson, R.J.; Hespanha, J.P.

    2009-01-01

    In February 2008, FIG submitted the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). After three meetings with the LADM/ISO19152 Project Team (in Copenhagen, Denmark, May 2008; in Delft, The Netherlands, September 2008; and in Tsukuba, Japan, Decem

  19. ISO 9000 and Creativity: Potential Advantages of Implementing ISO in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkeaid, Adel

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the ISO 9000 standard and creativity. In this paper, the researcher tries to answer the following questions: Which learning theories best foster creative thought? Is creativity more behaviorist or constructivist? Where does ISO 9000 fit in the continuum from behaviorism to…

  20. Application of ISO 22000 and Selection of Control Measure in Food Processing——Taking UHT Milk as an Example%ISO 22000在食品生产中的应用及控制措施的选择——以超高温灭菌(UHT)乳的生产为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马爱进; 刘文; 任发政

    2010-01-01

    运用风险评估确定HACCP计划和操作性前提方案(oPRP)在UHT乳生产过程中的实施步骤.通过危害分析确定了每一加工步骤的食品安全危害,包括生物性危害、化学性危害和物理性危害.在HACCP计划中确定了关键控制点,以及相应的食品安全危害、控制措施、关键限值、监控、纠偏行动和记录.在oPRP中确定了加工步骤,以及相应的食品安全危害、控制措施、监控、纠偏行动和记录.文章根据ISO 22000标准要求,确定了UHT乳HACCP计划和oPRP有效组合.实施HACCP计划管理的步骤为UHT灭菌,实施oPRP管理的步骤为生乳验收、净乳和无菌罐装.

  1. Introduction on Recent International Standard ISO/DIS 10001:2007 〈Quality Control-Customer Satisfication -Organization Behaviour Criterion Guide〉%最新国际标准ISO/DIS 10001:2007《质量管理——顾客满意——组织行为准则指南》介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江小艾

    2007-01-01

    实现顾客的高满意度对许多组织来说是一个重大的挑战,针对这一问题,ISO(国际标准化组织)对“投诉”进行了专项研究,并于2004年和2006年相继出台了ISO 10002:2004((质量管理——顾客满意——组织处理投诉指南》和ISO/DIS 10003:2006《质量管理——顾客满意——组织外部争议解决指南》。2007年3月,ISO正式将ISO/DIS 10001:2007向各成员团体提交表决。至此,ISO为组织在解决投诉、提高顾客满意度方面提供了一套从危机预防到内部处理再到外部解决的完整方案。

  2. [ISO 15189 accreditation in clinical microbiology laboratory: general concepts and the status in our laboratory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyar, Işin

    2009-10-01

    One important trend in the laboratory profession and quality management is the global convergence of laboratory operations. The goal of an accredited medical laboratory is to continue "offering useful laboratory service for diagnosis and treatment of the patients and also aid to the health of the nation". An accredited clinical laboratory is managed by a quality control system, it is competent technically and the laboratory service meets the needs of all its patients and physicians by taking the responsibility of all the medical tests and therapies. For this purpose, ISO 15189 international standard has been prepared by 2003. ISO 15189 standard is originated from the arrangement of ISO 17025 and ISO 9001:2000 standards. Many countries such as England, Germany, France, Canada and Australia have preferred ISO 15189 as their own laboratory accreditation programme, meeting all the requirements of their medical laboratories. The accreditation performance of a clinical microbiology laboratory is mainly based on five essential points; preanalytical, analytical, postanalytical, quality control programmes (internal, external, interlaboratory) and audits (internal, external). In this review article, general concepts on ISO 15189 accreditation standards for the clinical microbiology laboratories have been summarized and the status of a private laboratory (Acibadem LabMed, Istanbul) in Turkey has been discussed. PMID:20084925

  3. [ISO 15189 accreditation in clinical microbiology laboratory: general concepts and the status in our laboratory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyar, Işin

    2009-10-01

    One important trend in the laboratory profession and quality management is the global convergence of laboratory operations. The goal of an accredited medical laboratory is to continue "offering useful laboratory service for diagnosis and treatment of the patients and also aid to the health of the nation". An accredited clinical laboratory is managed by a quality control system, it is competent technically and the laboratory service meets the needs of all its patients and physicians by taking the responsibility of all the medical tests and therapies. For this purpose, ISO 15189 international standard has been prepared by 2003. ISO 15189 standard is originated from the arrangement of ISO 17025 and ISO 9001:2000 standards. Many countries such as England, Germany, France, Canada and Australia have preferred ISO 15189 as their own laboratory accreditation programme, meeting all the requirements of their medical laboratories. The accreditation performance of a clinical microbiology laboratory is mainly based on five essential points; preanalytical, analytical, postanalytical, quality control programmes (internal, external, interlaboratory) and audits (internal, external). In this review article, general concepts on ISO 15189 accreditation standards for the clinical microbiology laboratories have been summarized and the status of a private laboratory (Acibadem LabMed, Istanbul) in Turkey has been discussed.

  4. ISO 9001与ISO/IEC 17025之异同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄涛

    2006-01-01

    ISO 9001:2000《质量管理体系》、ISO/IEC 17025:2005《检测和校准实验室能力的通用要求》是ISO和IEC制定、发布的合格评定的依据文件.文章分析了两个文件之间的关系、异同和适用对象,并给出详尽的对照表,以对实验室通过ISO/IEC 17025认可,或已通过ISO 9001认证需进一步通过ISO/IEC 17025认可的实验室提供参考,还对质量手册的编写提出了实施方案.

  5. Assessment of geothermal development in the Imperial Valley of California. Volume 2. Environmental control technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, W.; Hill, J. (eds.)

    1980-07-01

    Environmental control technologies are essential elements to be included in the overall design of Imperial Valley geothermal power systems. Environmental controls applicable to abatement of hydrogen sulfide emissions, cooling tower drift, noise, liquid and solid wastes, and induced subsidence and seismicity are assessed here. For optimum abatement of H{sub 2}S under a variety of plant operating conditions, removal of H{sub 2}S upstream of the steam turbine is recommended. The environmental impact of cooling tower drift will be closely tied to the quality of cooling water supplies. Conventional noise abatement procedures can be applied and no special research and development are needed. Injection technology constitutes the primary and most essential environmental control and liquid waste disposal technology for Imperial Velley geothermal operations. Subsurface injection of fluids is the primary control for managing induced subsidence. Careful maintenance of injection pressure is expected to control induced seismicity. (MHR)

  6. Optimal Environmental Conditions and Anomalous Ecosystem Responses: Constraining Bottom-up Controls of Phytoplankton Biomass in the California Current System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacox, Michael G.; Hazen, Elliott L.; Bograd, Steven J.

    2016-06-01

    In Eastern Boundary Current systems, wind-driven upwelling drives nutrient-rich water to the ocean surface, making these regions among the most productive on Earth. Regulation of productivity by changing wind and/or nutrient conditions can dramatically impact ecosystem functioning, though the mechanisms are not well understood beyond broad-scale relationships. Here, we explore bottom-up controls during the California Current System (CCS) upwelling season by quantifying the dependence of phytoplankton biomass (as indicated by satellite chlorophyll estimates) on two key environmental parameters: subsurface nitrate concentration and surface wind stress. In general, moderate winds and high nitrate concentrations yield maximal biomass near shore, while offshore biomass is positively correlated with subsurface nitrate concentration. However, due to nonlinear interactions between the influences of wind and nitrate, bottom-up control of phytoplankton cannot be described by either one alone, nor by a combined metric such as nitrate flux. We quantify optimal environmental conditions for phytoplankton, defined as the wind/nitrate space that maximizes chlorophyll concentration, and present a framework for evaluating ecosystem change relative to environmental drivers. The utility of this framework is demonstrated by (i) elucidating anomalous CCS responses in 1998–1999, 2002, and 2005, and (ii) providing a basis for assessing potential biological impacts of projected climate change.

  7. Postharvest treatment of fresh fruit from California with methyl bromide for control of light brown apple moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walse, Spencer S; Myers, Scott W; Liu, Yong-Biao; Bellamy, David E; Obenland, David; Simmons, Greg S; Tebbets, Steve

    2013-06-01

    Methyl bromide (MB) chamber fumigations were evaluated for postharvest control of light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in fresh fruit destined for export from California. To simulate external feeding, larvae were contained in gas-permeable cages and distributed throughout loads of peaches, plums, nectarines (all Prunus spp.), apples (Malus spp.), raspberries (Rubus spp.), or grapes (Vitis spp.). Varying the applied MB dose and the differential sorption of MB by the loads resulted in a range of exposures, expressed as concentration x time cross products (CTs) that were verified by gas-chromatographic quantification of MB in chamber headspace over the course of each fumigation. CTs > or = 60 and > or = 72 mg liter(-1) h at 10.0 +/- 0.5 and 15.6 +/- 0.5 degrees C (x +/- s, average +/- SD), respectively, yielded complete mortality of approximately 6,200 larvae at each temperature. These confirmatory fumigations corroborate E. postvittana mortality data for the first time in relation to measured MB exposures and collectively comprise the largest number of larval specimens tested to date. In addition, akinetic model of MB sorption was developed for the quarantine fumigation of fresh fruit based on the measurement of exposures and how they varied across the fumigation trials. The model describes how to manipulate the applied MB dose, the load factor, and the load geometry for different types of packaged fresh fruit so that the resultant exposure is adequate for insect control.

  8. 76 FR 60405 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Santa Barbara Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... Control District, Sacramento Municipal Air Quality Management District and South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is... Municipal Air Quality Management District (SMAQMD) and South Coast Air Quality Management District...

  9. ISO 9001:能否更好

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杰克·戴林; 王金德

    2007-01-01

    作为质量行业的专业人员,我们能给自己、公司、顾客和我们的团队提出比ISO 9001标准更高的质量要求。许多才华横溢、工作努力、目标明确的人员,通过ISO 9001标准来控制和改进质量。但是如果抛弃ISO 9001,特别是第三方审核的一些特征,我们可能会做得更好。

  10. IS ISO 9000 CERTIFICATION LOSING ITS CREDIBILITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.R. Ramesh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ISO certification was a great hope for many stakeholders in India for making the country strong in terms of quality practices. It was a blessing in disguise when in early nineties; buyers were imposing conditions that you should be ISO compliant to do business with them. ISO was a great system to bring in improvements in the way an organization functions. But unfortunately some have adopted a short cut approach in getting the certification done. It is only just before the audit team comes for re-inspection that firms start removing dust from the quality manual files so that they can pretend that that they follow those systems. But a real commitment to adhering to these systems is missing. The paper describes such scenario existing in some quarters in India and warns against such practices for the overall good of the system.

  11. California's 2002 Clean Water Act Section 303(d) - Impaired Waterbodies

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This dataset contains California's 2002 Clean Water Act Section 303(d) list which is submitted by the California State Water Resources Control Board. The layer has...

  12. PRODUCT REALIZATION AND SERVICE PROVISION IN HERBAL DRUG RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACCORDING TO ISO 9001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameh Sunday

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Product realization according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO includes: planning of product realization; customer-related processes; design and development; purchasing; production and service provision; and control of measuring and monitoring equipment, as specified in the 7th clause of ISO 9001. Purpose: The article takes a critical look at product realization as per ISO 9001and the critical stages of herbal drug research and development (R&D from traditional medicine (TM, with a view to synthesizing a framework that can be used to introduce quality into herbal products from the stage of ethnobotanical survey, through product conception and development, up to the stage of clinical trials.Methodology: The provisions of the 7th clause of ISO 9001 and the WHO model of herbal drug R&D as adopted by the Nigerian National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD were determinatively reviewed and fused to yield a framework which is then discussed in the context of guiding herbal drug R&D from TM. Results and Discussion: The resulting tabular framework is discussed in terms of the applicability of the provisions of the 7th clause of ISO 9001 to the critical stages of herbal drug R&D at NIPRD, with the aim of introducing quality into herbal drug products.Conclusion: The provisions of ISO 9001’s 7th clause can be applied, albeit selectively, in introducing quality to herbal drug products developed from traditional herbal medicine.

  13. Factors Influencing Food Enterprises’ Implementation of ISO9000 Series Standards from the Perspective of Economy and System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhijing; ZHAO; Xiumin; WU

    2013-01-01

    Currently, the food security situation is increasingly serious, and a growing number of food companies choose to implement the internationally accepted ISO9000 Series Standards. Based on the analysis of economic rationality and system drive for food enterprises to implement ISO9000 Series Standards, we determine the economic factors and institutional factors influencing enterprises’ implementation of ISO9000 Series Standards, and establish corresponding indicator system. According to survey data on 86 enterprises in Sichuan Province, we draw the following conclusion using the Logit model: enterprise age and enterprise size in economic factors, government’s food safety control intensity, consumers, public and media pressure, awareness of senior managers, strategic orientation of quality safety, employees’ average educational level in institutional factors, have a significant effect on enterprises’ implementation of ISO9000 Series Standards. According to research results, we put forth some recommendations for promoting food enterprises to implement ISO9000 Series Standards.

  14. Tietoturvallisuusauditointi ISO 27000-viitekehyksessä

    OpenAIRE

    Luoma, Ilmari

    2015-01-01

    Tiedon olemassaolo eri olomuodoissa muodostaa vaikeasti hallittavan uhkakentän, jonka käsittelyyn kansainvälisesti hyväksytty ISO 27000 -standardi on hyvä väline. Työn tarkoitus on perehtyä ISO/IEC 27000 -standardisarjaan, soveltaa standardin vaatimuksia laatimalla tietoturvallisuuden auditointiaineisto ja -menetelmä, sekä toteuttaa tietoturvallisuusauditointi käytännössä. Työssä esitellään tietoturvallisuuden kytkeytyminen yritysturvallisuuteen, tietoturvallisuuden osa-alueittainen ...

  15. ISO 14001:2004与ISO 14001:1996的比较%Compare ISO 14001:2004 with ISO 14001:1996

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴越佳; 王纯

    2005-01-01

    GB/T24001等同采用ISO 14001,是继ISO 9000系列标准颁布之后的第二个管理性的国际标准。自1996年颁布实施以来,全国范围内的各行各业开展了环境管理体系建立与认证活动,对我国生态环境的恢复和保护起到了积极的推动作用。

  16. Varhaiskasvatus Suomessa ja Iso-Britanniassa

    OpenAIRE

    Lempiäinen, Helena

    2010-01-01

    Lempiäinen Helena. Varhaiskasvatus Suomessa ja Iso-Britanniassa. Oulu, kevät 2010, 52 sivua. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Diak Pohjoinen, Oulun yksikkö. Sosiaalialan koulutusohjelma, Sosionomi (AMK). Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli kuvata, miten pienten lasten hoito on muuttunut tavoitteelliseksi varhaiskasvatukseksi Iso-Britanniassa ja Suomessa. Tavoitteena oli lisäksi selvittää, mitä yhtäläisyyksiä ja eroja maissa toteuttavassa varhaiskasvatuksessa oli. Työn tarkoituksena oli selitt...

  17. Essence of demands of standard ISO 22000:2005 in aspect of assurances of milk health safety Istota wymagań standardu ISO 22000:2005 w aspekcie zapewnienia bezpieczeństwa zdrowotnego mleka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna Górna

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the essence of demands of ISO 22000 as a standard which allows of control milk health safety in a more effective way. The implementation of system HACCP in the dairy companies undoubtedly make for more safety health products, however microbiological research of pasterized milk shows that it is scarce. The elementary advantage for organization which comes from food quality management system meeting demands included in standard ISO 22000 is undoubtedly assurance of legal demands concerning production of food safety and more effective control of risk of food safety. The dairy companies should aspire for implementation of more rigorous standard ISO 22000:2005.

  18. Tap or bottled water consumption and spontaneous abortion: a 1986 case-control study in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windham, G C; Swan, S H; Fenster, L; Neutra, R R

    1992-03-01

    To investigate whether drinking tap or bottled water during pregnancy affects the risk of spontaneous abortion, we asked questions about water consumption in a large case-control study (626 cases, 1,300 controls). The study ascertained cases from hospital pathology laboratory reports of pregnancies that began in 1986 and obtained controls from birth certificates. The crude odds ratio for consumption of any vs no cold tapwater at home during the first trimester was 1.2 (95% confidence interval = 1.0-1.5), with no dose-response effect. The crude odds ratio for any bottled water consumption was 0.79 (95% confidence interval = 0.65-0.96), with a downward trend by amount consumed. Adjusting for many potential confounders did not alter these associations appreciably, although some variables appeared to be effect modifiers. The point estimates were stronger among women who were more difficult to contact, suggesting the possibility of bias. PMID:1576215

  19. Internal Audit Status For ISO 9001 And ISO/ IEC 17025 In Malaysian Nuclear Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of MS ISO 9001 and MS ISO/ IEC 17025 in Malaysian Nuclear Agency is the basic step to enhance and improve the Quality Management System (QMS) for processes and laboratories that involve customers and suppliers in delivering products and services. The effectiveness of QMS is monitored by Research and Innovation Management Centre (RIMC) to ensure that all activities related to audit such as Internal Audit are well organized and implemented as documented in quality manual and procedure. This paper will discuss the status of internal audit for processes that implement MS ISO 9001 and laboratories that accredited with MS/ ISO IEC 17025 in year 2008, 2009 and 2010. The total of non-conformance (nc) and opportunity for improvement (ofi) for processes and laboratories and their numbers as per clause in MS ISO 9001 and MS ISO/ IEC 17025 are the indicators that reflects the effectiveness of QMS. Then, the total effectiveness of QMS for MS 9001 and MS ISO/ IEC 17025 is also determined via the number of conformance clause versus non-conformance clause for those three years. (author)

  20. 78 FR 23677 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ...) emissions from sources of fugitive dust such as unpaved roads and disturbed soils in open and agricultural... claims that SCAQMD Rule 403, in contrast, controls lots of any size with disturbed surface area and... protective layer of plant residue or other material to a soil surface prior to disturbing the site to...

  1. Status of biological control projects on terrestrial invasive alien weeds in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    In cooperation with foreign scientists, we are currently developing new classical biological control agents for five species of invasive alien terrestrial weeds. Cape-Ivy. A gall-forming fly, Parafreutreta regalis, and a stem-boring moth, Digitivalva delaireae, have been favorably reviewed by TAG...

  2. 76 FR 39303 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources, Volume I: Control Methods for Surface Coating... volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from architectural coating operations. We are approving local... for this action is available electronically at http://www.regulations.gov and in hard copy at...

  3. 77 FR 25109 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... X ) emissions from certain boilers, process heaters and steam generators. We are approving a local... Boilers, Steam Generators, and Process Heaters,'' CARB, July 18, 1991. 7. ``Alternative Control Techniques... 1--Submitted Rule Local agency Rule No. Rule title Adopted Submitted ICAPCD 400.2 Boilers,...

  4. 77 FR 67322 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Placer County Air Pollution Control District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... Retrofit Control Technology for Industrial, Institutional, and Commercial Boilers, Steam Generators, and... biomass boilers. We are approving a local rule that regulates these emission sources under the Clean Air.... Table 1--Submitted Rule Local agency Rule No. Rule title Amended Submitted PCAPCD 233 Biomass Boilers...

  5. On the business value of ICT-controlled plug-in electric vehicle charging in California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing penetration of variable renewable energy, such as wind and solar, requires the deployment of large scale energy storage or dynamic demand side management. Leveraging the intrinsic energy storage potential of certain electric loads could be the key for an efficient transition to green power generation. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are about to be introduced on a large scale. In this paper, we investigate the savings potential of electricity retailers resulting from the ability to control the charging behavior of a fleet of PEVs using Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This savings potential is important as it could jumpstart the development of advanced control infrastructures for dynamic demand side management. The paper makes three major contributions: first, it applies a novel car usage model based on data from the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS). Second, it develops and evaluates several charging scheduling algorithms with low computational requirements. Third, it identifies several key parameters influencing the relative and absolute savings potential of ICT-controlled PEV charging. We obtain a relative savings potential of up to 45%. The absolute yearly savings per PEV, however, are rather small, which could limit the economic incentives of electricity retailers to deploy the required infrastructure. - Highlights: ► The paper presents a novel model for car usage based on NHTS. ► Several charging scheduling algorithms with low computational requirements are developed and evaluated. ► Several key parameters influencing the relative and absolute savings potential of ICT-controlled PEV charging are identified. ► PEVs can be used to reduce electricity sourcing cost by up to 45%. ► The absolute yearly savings per controlled PEV are rather small and could limit the economic incentives of electricity retailers to deploy the required infrastructure.

  6. Biophysical controls on interannual variability in ecosystem-scale CO2 and CH4 exchange in a California rice paddy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Sara Helen; Matthes, Jaclyn Hatala; Sturtevant, Cove; Oikawa, Patricia Y.; Verfaillie, Joseph; Baldocchi, Dennis

    2016-03-01

    We present 6.5 years of eddy covariance measurements of fluxes of methane (FCH4) and carbon dioxide (FCO2) from a flooded rice paddy in Northern California, USA. A pronounced warming trend throughout the study associated with drought and record high temperatures strongly influenced carbon (C) budgets and provided insights into biophysical controls of FCO2 and FCH4. Wavelet analysis indicated that photosynthesis (gross ecosystem production, GEP) induced the diel pattern in FCH4, but soil temperature (Ts) modulated its amplitude. Forward stepwise linear models and neural networking modeling were used to assess the variables regulating seasonal FCH4. As expected due to their competence in modeling nonlinear relationships, neural network models explained considerably more of the variance in daily average FCH4 than linear models. During the growing season, GEP and water levels typically explained most of the variance in daily average FCH4. However, Ts explained much of the interannual variability in annual and growing season CH4 sums. Higher Ts also increased the annual and growing season ratio of FCH4 to GEP. The observation that the FCH4 to GEP ratio scales predictably with Ts may help improve global estimates of FCH4 from rice agriculture. Additionally, Ts strongly influenced ecosystem respiration, resulting in large interannual variability in the net C budget at the paddy, emphasizing the need for long-term measurements particularly under changing climatic conditions.

  7. ISO 9001:Gurantee for exportion%ISO 9001:为输出提供保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jack West; 赵敏

    2009-01-01

    @@ ISO 9001标准要求产品设计应得到确认以确保其能够满足既定用途的要求,识别并满足顾客要求是ISO 9001贯穿始终的主题.例如,管理评审的一个预期输出是对不满足顾客要求的产品所做出的相关决定.附表是ISO 9001中的条款,这些都证实了输出的重要性.

  8. ISO/IEC 17025与ISO/IEC导则25的比照分析%Contrast and Analysis of ISO/IEC 17025 with ISO/IEC Guide 25

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴听; 齐建华

    2001-01-01

    本文主要介绍ISO/IEC 17025:1999的由来,及其与ISO 9001、ISO 9002的关系;ISO/IEC 17025的组成和构架以及与ISO/IEC导则25的对照、比较和分析。以帮助读者了解ISO/IEC 17025:1999与导则25的异同,从而有助于推进ISO/IEC 17025的实施。%In order to help the readers with understanding the similarities and differences between ISO/IEC 17025:1999 and Guide 25 and thereby carry forward the implement of ISO/IEC 17025,the oringin of ISO/IEC 17025,its relationship with ISO 9001 and ISO 9002,the composition,frame and analysis of ISO/IEC 17025 and its contrast and comparision with Guide 25 are mainly described in this paper.

  9. Controlling for race/ethnicity: a comparison of California commercial health plans CAHPS scores to NCBD benchmarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopez Rebeca A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Because California has higher managed care penetration and the race/ethnicity of Californians differs from the rest of the United States, we tested the hypothesis that California's lower health plan Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS® survey results are attributable to the state's racial/ethnic composition. Methods California CAHPS survey responses for commercial health plans were compared to national responses for five selected measures: three global ratings of doctor, health plan and health care, and two composite scores regarding doctor communication and staff courtesy, respect, and helpfulness. We used the 2005 National CAHPS 3.0 Benchmarking Database to assess patient experiences of care. Multiple stepwise logistic regression was used to see if patient experience ratings based on CAHPS responses in California commercial health plans differed from all other states combined. Results CAHPS patient experience responses in California were not significantly different than the rest of the nation after adjusting for age, general health rating, individual health plan, education, time in health plan, race/ethnicity, and gender. Both California and national patient experience scores varied by race/ethnicity. In both California and the rest of the nation Blacks tended to be more satisfied, while Asians were less satisfied. Conclusions California commercial health plan enrollees rate their experiences of care similarly to enrollees in the rest of the nation when seven different variables including race/ethnicity are considered. These findings support accounting for more than just age, gender and general health rating before comparing health plans from one state to another. Reporting on race/ethnicity disparities in member experiences of care could raise awareness and increase accountability for reducing these racial and ethnic disparities.

  10. ISO 19512: The land administration domain model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmen, C.H.J.; Van Oosterom, P.J.M.

    2011-01-01

    Focus of this paper is on the Land Administration Domain Model which is under development as an International Standard at ISO. This development is an initiative of the International Federation of Surveyors – FIG. The International Standard is expected to be published in 2012. Why is this development

  11. ISO sertifikaat aitab otsustada / Toomas Udu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Udu, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Transport i logistika 25. mai lk. 8. Teenuse kvaliteedi näitajad logistikafirmas ISO standardi alusel. Vt. samas: Eestis kasutatakse kolme kvaliteedistandardit; Kuidas mõjutada kvaliteeti läbi juhtimissüsteemi

  12. Species biology and potential for controlling four exotic plants (Ammophila arenaria, Carpobrotus edulis, Cortaderia jubata and Gasoul crystallinum) on Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmalzer, Paul A.; Hinkle, C. Ross

    1987-01-01

    Invasive exotic plants can displace native flora and modify community and ecosystem structure and function. Ammophila arenaria, Corpobrotus edulis, Cortaderia jubata, and Gasoul crystallinum are invasive plants present on Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, designated for study by the Environmental Task Force because of the perceived threat they represent to the native flora. Each plant's native habitat, how they came to be at Vandenberg, their propagation, and how they can be controlled is discussed.

  13. Novel Insights on the Dynamics and Consequence of Harmful Algal Blooms in the California Current System: From Parasites as Bloom Control Agents to Human Toxin Exposure

    OpenAIRE

    Mazzillo, Fernanda da Frota Mattos

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation provided novel insights on the dynamics and consequences of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the California Current System (CCS). Parasitism is described as a biological control agent of harmful dinoflagellate blooms and referred to as a novel factor influencing HAB dynamics in coastal upwelling environments. Chapter 1 documented, for the first time, the presence of Amoebophrya, an endoparasitic dinoflagellate that infects and kills 7 bloom-forming dinoflagellate host species ...

  14. Sandia National Laboratories, California Environmental Management System program manual.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, Barbara L.

    2013-04-01

    The Sandia National Laboratories, California (SNL/CA) Environmental Management System (EMS) Program Manual documents the elements of the site EMS Program. The SNL/CA EMS Program conforms to the International Standard on Environmental Management Systems, ISO 14001:2004 and Department of Energy (DOE) Order 436.1.

  15. Sandia National Laboratories, California Environmental Management System program manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, Barbara L.

    2014-04-01

    The Sandia National Laboratories, California (SNL/CA) Environmental Management System (EMS) Program Manual documents the elements of the site EMS Program. The SNL/CA EMS Program conforms to the International Standard on Environmental Management Systems, ISO 14001:2004 and Department of Energy (DOE) Order 436.1.

  16. Enthusiasm for Europe's space telescope ISO

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-11-01

    "Are the most luminous galaxies powered by extreme rates of star formation, or do they harbour black-hole-powered active nuclei as well?" Scientists lead by Reinhard Genzel at Max Planck Institut fur extra terrestrische Physik in Garching, Germany, have used ISO's Short Wavelength Spectrometer to give an answer. Writing in the London journal Nature, an independent commentator, Gerry Gilmore of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge, considers that their papers in Astronomy and Astrophysics give a clear answer to this question. The "remarkable result" according to Gilmore is that none of three ultra-luminous infrared galaxies studied by ISO requires an active nucleus to account for the emissions, which arise from rapid star formation. About another ISO target Gilmore writes: "In one lovely example, of two intersecting disk galaxies known as the Antennae, it is even possible to resolve the spot where the two disks currently cross, and to see the progression of star formation across the disk as the two galaxies orbit through each other." (Nature, 21 November 1996, p. 211) One year after its launch, ISO is exceptionally popular among astronomers, not only in Europe but worldwide. A panel of American astronomers, reporting to NASA on the scientific merits of eight astrophysical space missions, gives ISO the highest ranking and calls it "the major infrared mission of the decade". At a time when NASA is reducing its budgets for some astrophysical missions, its funding of ISO-related research is increasing. The demand for a share in ISO's unique view of the infrared universe is insatiable. ESA has been overwhelmed by new proposals for observations, coming from 511 groups of astronomers in ESA's own Member States and in the USA and Japan. Although ISO is extremely efficient, performing an average of 45 observations a day, it could not cope with 16,000 observations requested as additions to ISO's already busy programme for 1997. The time allocation committee has had to turn

  17. Marketable Credits for Light-Duty Vehicle Emission Control in California

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Quanlu; Kling, Catherine; Sperling, Daniel

    1992-01-01

    Recent data indicate that many U.S. areas still fail to meet national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for one or more criteria pollutants. In 1990, ninety-six U.S. metropolitan areas violated the federal ambient ozone standard, and forty-one areas violated the standard for carbon monoxide (CO), affecting over 100 million people (U.S. EPA, 1990a). The federal Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments of 1990 established more stringent control measures to further reduce air pollutants (U.S. EPA, 199...

  18. Model Predictive Control of HVAC Systems: Implementation and Testing at the University of California, Merced

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haves, Phillip; Hencey, Brandon; Borrell, Francesco; Elliot, John; Ma, Yudong; Coffey, Brian; Bengea, Sorin; Wetter, Michael

    2010-06-29

    A Model Predictive Control algorithm was developed for the UC Merced campus chilled water plant. Model predictive control (MPC) is an advanced control technology that has proven successful in the chemical process industry and other industries. The main goal of the research was to demonstrate the practical and commercial viability of MPC for optimization of building energy systems. The control algorithms were developed and implemented in MATLAB, allowing for rapid development, performance, and robustness assessment. The UC Merced chilled water plant includes three water-cooled chillers and a two million gallon chilled water storage tank. The tank is charged during the night to minimize on-peak electricity consumption and take advantage of the lower ambient wet bulb temperature. The control algorithms determined the optimal chilled water plant operation including chilled water supply (CHWS) temperature set-point, condenser water supply (CWS) temperature set-point and the charging start and stop times to minimize a cost function that includes energy consumption and peak electrical demand over a 3-day prediction horizon. A detailed model of the chilled water plant and simplified models of the buildings served by the plant were developed using the equation-based modeling language Modelica. Steady state models of the chillers, cooling towers and pumps were developed, based on manufacturers performance data, and calibrated using measured data collected and archived by the control system. A detailed dynamic model of the chilled water storage tank was also developed and calibrated. Simple, semi-empirical models were developed to predict the temperature and flow rate of the chilled water returning to the plant from the buildings. These models were then combined and simplified for use in a model predictive control algorithm that determines the optimal chiller start and stop times and set-points for the condenser water temperature and the chilled water supply temperature. The

  19. STUDI TEORITIS ISO 9000 DAN TQM: SUBSTITUSI ATAU KOMPLEMETER?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harianto Respati

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Banyak pertentangan pendapat tentang dampak ISO 9000 dan TQM dalam kaitannya dengan tujuannya yakni kepuasan pelanggan. Selain itu peran ISO 9000 dan TQM dipandang masih membingungkan. Penjelasan pada jurnal ini, diuraikan secara konseptual baik dari pernyataan para pakar maupun hasil-hasil penelitian terdahulu tentang peran ISO 9000 dan TQM. Hasil menujukkan bahwa secara umum ISO 9000 dan TQM mempunyai tujuan yang sama yakni kepuasan pelanggan. Peran implementasi sertifikasi ISO 9000 dan praktek TQM adalah komplementer artinya ISO 9000 dan TQM merupakan sistem yang terpadu serta bekerja sama untuk mencapai sasaran yakni kepuasan pelanggan. Kajian teoritis tentang peran ISO 9000 dan TQM bertujuan untuk mempertegas keberadaan ISO 9000 dan TQM untuk kepentingan para peneliti, akademik maupun para praktisi

  20. Diagenetic and compositional controls of wettability in siliceous sedimentary rocks, Monterey Formation, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Kristina M.

    Modified imbibition tests were performed on 69 subsurface samples from Monterey Formation reservoirs in the San Joaquin Valley to measure wettability variation as a result of composition and silica phase change. Contact angle tests were also performed on 6 chert samples from outcrop and 3 nearly pure mineral samples. Understanding wettability is important because it is a key factor in reservoir fluid distribution and movement, and its significance rises as porosity and permeability decrease and fluid interactions with reservoir grain surface area increase. Although the low permeability siliceous reservoirs of the Monterey Formation are economically important and prolific, a greater understanding of factors that alter their wettability will help better develop them. Imbibition results revealed a strong trend of decreased wettability to oil with increased detrital content in opal-CT phase samples. Opal-A phase samples exhibited less wettability to oil than both opal-CT and quartz phase samples of similar detrital content. Subsurface reservoir samples from 3 oil fields were crushed to eliminate the effect of capillary pressure and cleansed of hydrocarbons to eliminate wettability alterations by asphaltene, then pressed into discs of controlled density. Powder discs were tested for wettability by dispensing a controlled volume of water and motor oil onto the surface and measuring the time required for each fluid to imbibe into the sample. The syringe and software of a CAM101 tensiometer were used to control the amount of fluid dispensed onto each sample, and imbibition completion times were determined by high-speed photography for water drops; oil drop imbibition was significantly slower and imbibition was timed and determined visually. Contact angle of water and oil drops on polished chert and mineral sample surfaces was determined by image analysis and the Young-Laplace equation. Oil imbibition was significantly slower with increased detrital composition and faster

  1. Case-control study of intracranial meningiomas in women in Los Angeles County, California

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case-control study was conducted among women in Los Angeles County to investigate possible causes of intracranial meningiomas. Questionnaires sought information from patients and from a neighbor of each one on characteristics and past experiences that might be associated with the development of this disease. Information was obtained on 188 matched patient-neighbor pairs. Three primary factors appeared to be associated with meningioma occurrence: 1) a history of head trauma (odds ratio = 2.0, p = 0.01), 2) consumption of certain cured meats (odds ratio = 2.8, p = less than 0.01), and 3) exposure to medical and dental diagnostic X-rays to the head. For diagnostic X-rays, the strongest association was with early exposure (less than 20 yr old) to full-mouth dental X-ray series

  2. Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704

    OpenAIRE

    Nuopponen, Anita

    2014-01-01

    International audience The paper discusses factors that are relevant when constructing a typology of concept relations for terminology work by focusing especially on ISO 704:2009 Terminology work - Principles and methods and ISO 1087-1:2000 Terminology work - Vocabulary - Part 1: Theory and application standards and their future revisions. At first prerequisites for a concept relation typology are discussed generally. The standards are then scrutinized as to how they introduce, define and ...

  3. ISO 9000 and/or Systems Engineering Capability Maturity Model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gholston, Sampson E.

    2002-01-01

    For businesses and organizations to remain competitive today they must have processes and systems in place that will allow them to first identify customer needs and then develop products/processes that will meet or exceed the customers needs and expectations. Customer needs, once identified, are normally stated as requirements. Designers can then develop products/processes that will meet these requirements. Several functions, such as quality management and systems engineering management are used to assist product development teams in the development process. Both functions exist in all organizations and both have a similar objective, which is to ensure that developed processes will meet customer requirements. Are efforts in these organizations being duplicated? Are both functions needed by organizations? What are the similarities and differences between the functions listed above? ISO 9000 is an international standard of goods and services. It sets broad requirements for the assurance of quality and for management's involvement. It requires organizations to document the processes and to follow these documented processes. ISO 9000 gives customers assurance that the suppliers have control of the process for product development. Systems engineering can broadly be defined as a discipline that seeks to ensure that all requirements for a system are satisfied throughout the life of the system by preserving their interrelationship. The key activities of systems engineering include requirements analysis, functional analysis/allocation, design synthesis and verification, and system analysis and control. The systems engineering process, when followed properly, will lead to higher quality products, lower cost products, and shorter development cycles. The System Engineering Capability Maturity Model (SE-CMM) will allow companies to measure their system engineering capability and continuously improve those capabilities. ISO 9000 and SE-CMM seem to have a similar objective, which

  4. From ISO 14001 to EMAS%从ISO 14001到EMAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐新宇; 王文

    2014-01-01

    ISO14001 is currently the most widely used environmental management system standard, while EMAS is a voluntary environmental management tool released by EU legislation. Centering on the aspects of environmental performance, environmental assessment, environmental factors, information disclosure, compliance, employee involvement, etc., the paper analyzes the correlation of the two major differences between ISO14001 and EMAS environmental management tools, providing reference for organizations to upgrade from ISO14001 to EMAS.%ISO 14001是目前应用最为广泛的环境管理体系标准,而EMAS是欧盟法令发布的自愿性环境管理工具。本文围绕环境绩效、环境评审、环境因素、信息公开、全面合规性、员工参与等方面,分析ISO 14001和EMAS两种环境管理工具的相关性和主要差异,为组织从ISO 14001升级至EMAS提供参考。

  5. California Air Basins

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Air ResourcesCalifornia Air Resources BoardThe following datasets are from the California Air Resources Board: * arb_california_airbasins - California Air BasinsThe...

  6. Proposal for revision of ISO 4377: Flat-V weirs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalkwijk, J.P.T.; Lianxiang, W.

    1983-01-01

    In ISO/TC 113/SC 2/308 it was suggested that ISO 4377 could be significantly simplified as far as the calculation of discharge was involved. The proposal for revision is based upon this suggestion. The revision is fully based upon the material given in ISO 4377. In that respect no changes have been

  7. 什么是ISO 9000族标准?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    "ISO 9000族"是国际标准化组织(International Organization for Stan-dardization,简称 ISO)在1994年提出的概念,是指"由国际标准化组织质量管理和质量保证技术委员会(ISO/TC

  8. An introduction to information security and ISO27001:2013

    CERN Document Server

    Watkins, Steve

    2013-01-01

    Up to date with the latest version of the Standard (ISO27001:2013), An Introduction to information security and ISO27001:2013 is the perfect solution for anyone wanting an accurate, fast, easy-to-read primer on information security from an acknowledged expert on ISO27001.

  9. ISO's analysis of Comet Hale-Bopp

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-03-01

    The European Space Agency's Infrared Space Observatory ISO inspected Comet Hall-Bopp during the spring and autumn of 1996. The need to keep ISO's telescope extremely cold restricts the spacecraft's pointing in relation to the Sun and the Earth and it ruled out observations at other times. The analyses of the 1996 observations are not yet complete, but already they give new insight into the nature of comets. Comet Hale-Bopp is believed to be a large comet with a nucleus up to 40 kilometres wide. It was discovered in July 1995 by two American astronomers working independently, Alan Hale and Thomas Bopp. At that time, the comet was a billion kilometres away from the Sun, but 200 times brighter than Halley's Comet was, when at a comparable distance. Comet Hale-Bopp will make its closest approach to the Earth on 22 March, and its closest approach to the Sun (perihelion) on 1 April 1997. Some scientific results from ISO The discovery of Comet Hale-Bopp occurred before ISO's launch in November 1995. When first observed by ISO in March and April 1996, the comet was still 700 million kilometres from the Sun, and almost as far from the Earth and ISO. With its privileged view of infrared wavebands inaccessible from the Earth's surface, ISO's photometer ISOPHOT discovered that carbon dioxide was an important constituent of the comet's emissions of vapour.ISOPHOT measured the temperature of the dust cloud around Comet Hale-Bopp. In March 1996, when the comet was still more than 700 million kilometres from the Sun, the dust cloud was at minus 120 degrees C. When ISOPHOT made similar observations in October 1996, the comet was 420 million kilometres from the Sun, and the dust cloud had warmed to about minus 50 degrees C. Intensive observations of Comet Hale-Bopp were also made by ISO's Short-Wave Spectrometer SWS, the Long-Wave Spectrometer LWS, and the ISOPHOT spectrometer PHOT-S. Results are due for publication at the end of March. They will give details about the composition

  10. A Realization of Hom-Lie Algebras by Iso-Deformed Commutator Bracket

    OpenAIRE

    Xiuxian Li

    2013-01-01

    We construct classical Iso-Lie and Iso-Hom-Lie algebras in $gl(V)$ by twisted commutator bracket through Iso-deformation. We prove that they are simple. Their Iso-automorphisms and isotopies are also presented.

  11. Geochemical and mineralogical controls on trace element release from the Penn Mine base-metal slag dump, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, M.B.; Bird, D.K.; Einaudi, M.T.; Alpers, C.N.

    2001-01-01

    Base-metal slag deposits at the Penn Mine in Calaveras County, California, are a source of environmental contamination through leaching of potentially toxic elements. Historical Cu smelting at Penn Mine (1865-1919) generated approximately 200,000 m3 of slag. The slag deposits, which are flooded annually by a reservoir used for drinking water and irrigation, also may be in contact with acidic ground waters (pH sand to large (0.6 ?? 0.7 ?? 1.5 m), tub-shaped casts. Metals are hosted by a variety of minerals and two glass phases. On the basis of mineralogy, slags are characterized by 4 main types: fayalite-rich, glassy, willemite-rich, and sulfide-rich. The ranges in metal and metalloid concentrations of 17 slag samples are: As, 0.0004-0.92; Ba, 0.13-2.9; Cd, 0.0014-1.4; Cu, 0.18-6.4; Pb, 0.02-11; and Zn, 3.2-28 wt.%. Leachates from Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure tests (acetic acid buffered at pH 4.93) on two wiltemite-rich slags contained Cd and Pb concentrations (up to 2.5 and 30 mg/l, respectively) in excess of US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) regulatory limits. Analyses of filtered (0.45 ??m) water, collected within the flooded slag dump during reservoir drawdown, reveal concentrations of Cd (1.7 ??g/l), Cu (35 ??g/l), and Zn (250 ??g/l) that exceed USEPA chronic toxicity guidelines for the protection of aquatic life. Data from field and laboratory studies were used to develop geochemical models with the program EQ3/6 that simulate irreversible mass-transfer between slag deposits and reservoir waters. These models include kinetic rate laws for abiotic sulfide oxidation and surface-controlled dissolution of silicates, oxides, and glass. Calculations demonstrate that the main processes controlling dissolved metal concentrations are (1) dissolution of fayalite, willemite, and glass; (2) sulfide oxidation; and (3) secondary phase precipitation. Close agreement between model results and measured concentrations of Al, Ba, Cu, Fe, SiO2, and SO4 in

  12. Promoting Strong ISO 50001 Outcomes with Supportive National Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKane, Aimee, T.; Siciliano, Graziella; de los Reyes, Pamela

    2015-08-04

    The ISO 50001 standard is a key mechanism for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving energy efficiency globally. An increasing number of companies are seeking certification, creating the need for personnel that are competent to conduct ISO 50001 certification audits. The growth of ISO 50001 is expected to accelerate as more companies integrate ISO 50001 into their corporate sustainability strategies and supplier requirements. Robust implementation of ISO 50001 represents an important tool for countries with climate change mitigation goals. Because of its dual focus on continual improvement of an organization’s energy management system (EnMS) and its energy performance improvement, ISO 50001 requires skills of both implementers and certification auditors that are not well-supported by current credentials and training. This paper describes an effort to address skill gaps of certification auditors, a critical factor to ensure that ISO 50001 implementations are robust and result in continued energy performance improvement. A collaboration of governments through the Energy Management Working Group (EMWG), formerly under Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP), has formed to build workforce capacity for ISO 50001 certification audits. The EMWG is leading the development of an internationally-relevant certification scheme for ISO 50001 Lead Auditor that meets requirements for ISO/IEC 17024 accreditation and ISO 50003 for defining ISO 50001 Lead Auditor competency. Wider availability of competent ISO 50001 Lead Auditors will ultimately increase the impact and market value of ISO 50001 certification and improve consistency of ISO 50001 certification outcomes by establishing a standardized and high level of knowledge and skills globally.

  13. ISO Results Presented at International Astronomical Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-08-01

    Some of the work being presented is collected in the attached ESA Information Note N 25-97, ISO illuminates our cosmic ancestry. A set of six colour images illustrating various aspects have also been released and are available at http://www.estec.esa.nl/spdwww/iso1808.htm or in hard copy from ESA Public Relations Paris (fax:+33.1.5369.7690). These pictures cover: 1. Distant but powerful infrared galaxies 2. A scan across the milky way 3. Helix nebula: the shroud of a dead star 4. Supernova remnant Cassiopeia A 5. Trifid nebula: a dusty birthplace of stars 6. Precursors of stars and planets The International Astronomical Union provides a forum where astronomers from all over the world can develop astronomy in all its aspects through international co-operation. General Assemblies are held every three years. It is expected that over 1600 astronomers will attend this year's meeting, which is being held in Kyoto, Japan from 18-30 August. Further information on the meeting can be found at: www.tenmon.or.jp/iau97/ . ISO illuminates our cosmic ancestry The European Space Agency's Infrared Space Observatory, ISO, is unmatched in its ability to explore and analyse many of the universal processes that made our existence possible. We are children of the stars. Every atom in our bodies was created in cosmic space and delivered to the Sun's vicinity in time for the Earth's formation, during a ceaseless cycle of birth, death and rebirth among the stars. The most creative places in the sky are cool and dusty, and opaque even to the Hubble Space Telescope. Infrared rays penetrating the dust reveal to ISO hidden objects, and the atoms and molecules of cosmic chemistry. "ISO is reading Nature's recipe book," says Roger Bonnet, ESA's director of science. "As the world's only telescope capable of observing the Universe over a wide range of infrared wavelengths, ISO plays an indispensable part in astronomical discoveries that help to explain how we came to exist." This Information Note

  14. ISO 17025: practical benefits of implementing a quality system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honsa, Julie D; McIntyre, Deborah A

    2003-01-01

    As a laboratory certified to ISO 9001:2000 and accredited to ISO 17025, rtech laboratories has incorporated an overall system for technical and quality management, which results in benefits observed in daily laboratory practices. Technical requirements were updated to include the addition of formal personnel training plans and detailed records, method development and validation procedures, measurement of method uncertainty, and a defined equipment calibration and maintenance program. In addition, a stronger definition of the sample preparation process was documented to maintain consistency in sampling, and a more rigorous quality control monitoring program was implemented for chemistry and microbiology. Management quality improvements focused on document control to maintain consistent analytical processes, improved monitoring of supplier performance, a contract review process for documenting customer requirements, and a system for handling customer comments and complaints, with continuous improvement through corrective and preventive action procedures and audits. Quarterly management review of corrective actions, nonconforming testing, and proficiency testing aid in determining long-term trending. The practical benefits of these technical and management quality improvements are seen on a daily basis in the laboratory. Faster identification and resolution of issues regarding methods, personnel or equipment, improved customer satisfaction, meeting quality requirements of specialized customers, and overall increased laboratory business are all the result of implementing an effective quality system. PMID:14632407

  15. ISO 17025: practical benefits of implementing a quality system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honsa, Julie D; McIntyre, Deborah A

    2003-01-01

    As a laboratory certified to ISO 9001:2000 and accredited to ISO 17025, rtech laboratories has incorporated an overall system for technical and quality management, which results in benefits observed in daily laboratory practices. Technical requirements were updated to include the addition of formal personnel training plans and detailed records, method development and validation procedures, measurement of method uncertainty, and a defined equipment calibration and maintenance program. In addition, a stronger definition of the sample preparation process was documented to maintain consistency in sampling, and a more rigorous quality control monitoring program was implemented for chemistry and microbiology. Management quality improvements focused on document control to maintain consistent analytical processes, improved monitoring of supplier performance, a contract review process for documenting customer requirements, and a system for handling customer comments and complaints, with continuous improvement through corrective and preventive action procedures and audits. Quarterly management review of corrective actions, nonconforming testing, and proficiency testing aid in determining long-term trending. The practical benefits of these technical and management quality improvements are seen on a daily basis in the laboratory. Faster identification and resolution of issues regarding methods, personnel or equipment, improved customer satisfaction, meeting quality requirements of specialized customers, and overall increased laboratory business are all the result of implementing an effective quality system.

  16. Incorporating ISO Metadata Using HDF Product Designer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelenak, Aleksandar; Kozimor, John; Habermann, Ted

    2016-01-01

    The need to store in HDF5 files increasing amounts of metadata of various complexity is greatly overcoming the capabilities of the Earth science metadata conventions currently in use. Data producers until now did not have much choice but to come up with ad hoc solutions to this challenge. Such solutions, in turn, pose a wide range of issues for data managers, distributors, and, ultimately, data users. The HDF Group is experimenting on a novel approach of using ISO 19115 metadata objects as a catch-all container for all the metadata that cannot be fitted into the current Earth science data conventions. This presentation will showcase how the HDF Product Designer software can be utilized to help data producers include various ISO metadata objects in their products.

  17. Revision of ISO 15859 Aerospace Fluid Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Benjamin; McClure, Mark B.

    2012-01-01

    A detailed review of ISO 15859 "Space Systems - Fluid Characteristics, Sampling and Test Methods" was performed An approach to revising Parts 1-9 and 11-13 was developed and concurred by the NASA Technical Standards Program Office. The approach was to align them with the highest level source documents, and not to program-specific requirements. The updated documents were prepared and presented.

  18. ISO 9000: 2000: towards a learning organization ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel DOMENC

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The 2000 version of ISO 9000 contains major changes compared to the 1994 version. We hypothesize that the changes it induces are in line of research applying the emergence of a new "model" organization. From a field survey among actors involved in implementing the new standard, the research presented examines changes recorded in terms of spaces of communication and cooperation, competence, shared responsibilities. These changes involved the development of a learning organization.

  19. Partial replacement of fish meal by T-Iso in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata juveniles diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Zoccarato

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was the evaluation of microalga Isochrysis sp. T-Iso in partial substitution of fish meal and the study of the effects on gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata perform- ances and chemical composition of fillets. The results show that the microalga T-Iso nutrients support growth better than control diets, and the chemical composition of sea bream fillets also meets the needs of consumers for healthy diets. T-Iso resulted highly digestible, and support the best perform- ances of fish fed on 70% alga diet probably due to its high protein efficiency in comparison to other diets. The presence of a high quantity of cyclic isoprenoid could explain this high efficiency of T-Iso. Gilthead sea bream fed on 70% T-Iso showed fillets with a low level of protein and a high level of fat; moreover, their somatic indexes were higher than those of fish fed other diets. Highest percentage T- Iso diet showed the highest amount of the sum of saturated fatty acids, mainly due to myristate and palmitate. On the contrary, the sum of polyunsaturated decreases, mainly because of the reduction of EPA and DHA amounts. If the mass production economical problems are solved, T-Iso will represent a good solution in partial substitution of fish meal.

  20. 2000版ISO 9000修订概要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于立梅

    2000-01-01

    ISO 9000族的四个核心标准的修订目前进展得非常顺利。ISO 9000、ISO 9001及ISO 9004作为国际标准草案(DIS)已于1999年11月25日公布,期望在2000年第四季度以成熟的国际标准的形式公布于众。 ISO 19011(即质量与环境管理体系审核标准)已形成委员会草案,将取代目前ISO 9000和ISO 14000族的“单一范围”的审核标准,期望在2001年第四季度以国际标准的形式公布于众。

  1. Recovery Act: Federspiel Controls (now Vigilent) and State of California Department of General Services Data Center Energy Efficient Cooling Control Demonstration. Final technical project report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Federspiel, Clifford; Evers, Myah

    2011-09-30

    Eight State of California data centers were equipped with an intelligent energy management system to evaluate the effectiveness, energy savings, dollar savings and benefits that arise when powerful artificial intelligence-based technology measures, monitors and actively controls cooling operations. Control software, wireless sensors and mesh networks were used at all sites. Most sites used variable frequency drives as well. The system dynamically adjusts temperature and airflow on the fly by analyzing real-time demands, thermal behavior and historical data collected on site. Taking into account the chaotic interrelationships of hundreds to thousands of variables in a data center, the system optimizes the temperature distribution across a facility while also intelligently balancing loads, outputs, and airflow. The overall project will provide a reduction in energy consumption of more than 2.3 million kWh each year, which translates to $240,000 saved and a reduction of 1.58 million pounds of carbon emissions. Across all sites, the cooling energy consumption was reduced by 41%. The average reduction in energy savings across all the sites that use VFDs is higher at 58%. Before this case study, all eight data centers ran the cooling fans at 100% capacity all of the time. Because of the new technology, cooling fans run at the optimum fan speed maintaining stable air equilibrium while also expending the least amount of electricity. With lower fan speeds, the life of the capital investment made on cooling equipment improves, and the cooling capacity of the data center increases. This case study depicts a rare technological feat: The same process and technology worked cost effectively in eight very different environments. The results show that savings were achieved in centers with diverse specifications for the sizes, ages and types of cooling equipment. The percentage of cooling energy reduction ranged from 19% to 78% while keeping temperatures substantially within the

  2. KSC Center Director Bridges addresses the audience at an ISO 9001 certification ceremony

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges speaks to KSC employees at the ISO certification ceremony held at the Training Auditorium. Bridges was presented an ISO 9001 certificate and plaque awarded to KSC by Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world- class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification. Next to Bridges is Heidi Hollingsworth, with the Center for Independent Living, who uses American Sign Language for any hearing-impaired employees in the audience.

  3. KSC Center Director Bridges accepts an ISO 9001 certification plaque from DNV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges (right) displays the 2000th ISO Certificate Plaque he was given by Dalton Lyon (left) of Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization, at a ceremony at KSC. The plaque is a representation of the ISO 9001 certification awarded to KSC by DNV. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world- class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification.

  4. KSC Center Director Bridges accepts an ISO 9001 certificate from DNV

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Center Director Roy Bridges displays the ISO 9001 certificate he was awarded by Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Inc., an international ISO certification organization, at a ceremony at KSC. Dalton Lyon of DNV made the presentation, which included a 2000th ISO Certificate Plaque. ISO 9001 comprises the most detailed, comprehensive set of standard requirements for quality programs established by the International Standards Organization. The presentation followed a successful independent audit by DNV of the KSC Management System in May of this year. The third-party auditors examined about 20 elements of KSC's system, including management responsibility, design control, documentation, test and inspection, and corrective action procedures. DNV found that KSC met or exceeded the stringent quality standards in all areas. KSC will use this certification as a tool to improve an already world-class team. All NASA centers are required by NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin to be ISO 9001 registered by September 1999. NASA is the first federal agency to seek the quality certification.

  5. DIFFERENCES IN MANAGER ASSESSMENTS OF ISO 14000 STANDARD IMPLEMENTATION IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sıtkı Gözlü

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the results of a survey about the improvements achieved as result of ISO 14000 Environmental Management System (EMS standard implementation and the differences of improvements with respect to firm characteristics. A survey has been conducted in order to explain the improvements related to environmental management process and overall firm performance. The survey involved sixty-six enterprises implementing ISO 14000 EMS standard in Turkey. In order to assess improvements obtained from ISO 14000 EMS implementation, statements related to environmental management process and overall firm performance indicators have been prepared. The statements in this study are relevant to previous research. A factor analysis was employed to determine the factors of the variables explaining improvements. Nine factors have been identified related to achieved improvements, such as establishment of pro-active environmental management system, effectiveness in resource utilization, effectiveness of process control, relationships with industry and government, meeting expectations of stakeholders, demonstration of social responsibility, profitability, productivity, and competitiveness. Then, a T- test was conducted to determine the differences of managers’ assessments with respect to certain firm characteristics. The findings have shown that there are differences in the assessments of improvements achieved as a result of ISO 14000 EMS standard implementation with respect to sales volume, foreign-capital possession, and ISO 14000 EMS standard implementation. On the other hand, industrial sector, age of establishment, and export orientation are not statistically significant for the differences in the assessments of improvements.

  6. 77 FR 73459 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Notice of Waiver of Clean Air Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ...\\ See, e.g., 71 FR 44027 at 44028 (August 3, 2006)(``EPA believed it possible that CARB's amendments do... Resources Board (CARB) its request to confirm that its amendments to California's heavy-duty vehicle and... upon in making this decision, including those submitted to ] EPA by CARB, are contained in the...

  7. 76 FR 38155 - California State Nonroad Engine Pollution Control Standards; Ocean-Going Vessels At-Berth in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Regulation is designed to reduce emissions of oxides of nitrogen and particulate matter from auxiliary diesel... nitrogen (NO X ), and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), a greenhouse gas. These reductions will assist California in... combination of these techniques. Fleets that achieve reductions of emissions of oxides of nitrogen...

  8. Gestión del riesgo en la seguridad de la información con base en la Norma ISO/IEC 27005 de 2011, proponiendo una adaptación de la Metodología OCTAVE-S. Caso de estudio: proceso de inscripciones y admisiones en la división de admisión registro y control AC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Espinosa T

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta la aplicación de la metodología OCTAVE-s para el análisis y gestión del riesgo en la seguridad de la información, adaptada al proceso Inscripciones y Admisiones, en la División de Admisión, Registro y Control Académico (DARCA de la Universidad del Cauca; siguiendo las directrices de la norma ISO/IEC 27005:2011. Además se incluye la estructura del proceso, y el procedimiento escogido como caso de estudio para aplicar el tratamiento del riesgo. Finalmente, se muestran los resultados obtenidos y las conclusiones de la gestión del riesgo con la metodología adaptada.

  9. 浅析ISO 22000和ISO 9001的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵盛瑞

    2006-01-01

    国际标准化组织(ISO)发布的ISO 22000:2005《食品安全管理体系对食物链中任何组织的要求》,对于我国推动食品行业与国际惯例接轨,加强“从农田到餐桌”全过程对食品安全危害进行控制和管理,确保食品的安全性是非常重要的。如何将ISO 22000与ISO 9001有机结合,达到资源共享、提高组织整体效能的目的,是食品生产企业所关注的问题。

  10. Metrological management evaluation based on ISO10012: an empirical study in ISO-14001-certified Spanish companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental management systems based on the ISO 14001 standard rely strongly on metrological measurement and confirmation processes to certify the extent to which organizations monitor and improve their environmental behavior. Nevertheless, the literature lacks in studies that assess the influence of these metrological processes on the performance of environmental management in organizations, even now that the international standard ISO 10012 is already available to establish requisites and guidelines for the development of a metrological management system that is compatible with any other standardized management system. This work seeks to assess that influence through the development of an evaluation model for metrological management, which is then validated through an experimental analysis of the results obtained from the application of an audit process in 11 Spanish companies, all ISO-14001-certified and operating in different industrial sectors. (author)

  11. Understand and Challenge of ISO 26000%ISO26000的理解和应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴士权

    2011-01-01

    2010年11月1日,国际标准化组织(ISO)在瑞士日内瓦国际会议中心举办了题为“共担责任,实现可持续发展”的《ISO 26000社会责任指南》标准发布会,隆重宣布即日起正式颁布和实施ISO 26000《社会责任指南》国际标准.作为ISO将标准制定视角从传统的工程技术领域转向国际社会政治经济和伦理道德领域的里程碑性标准,该标准的诞生意义重大.

  12. Using TQM and ISO 9000 Principles in Assuring Education Service Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabashkin, Igor; Michnev, Boris; Utchin, Georgy

    1998-01-01

    Describes Riga Aviation University's movement from a controlled professional-education program to a system of contract relations with students as education service customers. Discusses a study of students' demands, requirements, and issues and the development of a quality assurance system based on Total Quality Management and ISO 9000 standards.…

  13. Towards better GHG emissions savings with use of ISO GHG standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 15th Conference of Parties (COP 15) at Copenhagen, Denmark in December 2009 highlighted the need to combat climate change by facing the challenge of committing to reducing our emissions at all three levels with locally appropriate mitigation actions (LAMAs) at the local level to be linked to the nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and then contribute onwards to globally appropriate mitigation actions (GAMAs). The aim is to find solutions for both adaptation and mitigation by ensuring sufficient means are made available to support such efforts. This is because the world in entering a new phase that will be characterised by green growth in business. Thus be it agriculture that uses local knowledge of specific crop and livestock varieties to help in secure food supply, bio-energy, transport, industries, there must be policies to understand ecosystem-based to link people, biodiversity, energy, water and carbon so as to be more resilient and adaptable to the need for a low carbon economy in todays society.Climate change therefore affects organisations in many areas and they include legal compliance, carbon market, corporate social responsibility and sustainable development. Promoting sustainability requires making efficient use of energy, water and natural resources, decrease in waste load through recycling and streamlining the processes leading to everything that decreases their CO2 and water footprints. Currently there are many GHG schemes and programmes and the issues centres around compatibility, costs and most importantly credibility. Achieving real GHG emissions reduction requires controlled and verified emissions reductions and quantification that are sound and verifiable. Thanks to the development of the ISO suite of standards on GHG and related matters, the use of these harmonised standards has given the assurance that a tonne of carbon is a tonne of carbon be it in Malaysia, Mali or Mongolia.The use of these standards like ISO 14064 Part 1

  14. Lean principles adoption in environmental management system (EMS - ISO 14001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perumal Puvanasvaran

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristic of the lean principles into ISO 14001 and to propose linkage of the lean principles and ISO 14001.Design/methodology/approach: To achieve the objective of the study, literature survey and quantitative research method using questionnaires survey are used.Findings and Originality/value: The findings of this study confirm that ISO 14001 certified company adopted lean production practices.  The study also proves that lean principles have positive and significant relationship with ISO 14001 EMS and the linkage can be made between lean principles and ISO 14001 to achieve Continual Improvement.Research limitations/implications: The small sizes of the sample of the participating companies are the main limitations of this study and this research mainly focuses on the manufacturing environment and services industry.Practical implications: This research show that all ISO 14001 companies do adopt at least one lean production practices and the main findings are lean principles has positive and highly significant relationship with ISO 14001 requirements.  This is because the integration of lean principles into ISO 14001 will serve practical methods for ISO14001 EMS to achieve the continual improvement.Originality/value: This research is amongst the first to study the combined lean principles with ISO 1400.  Based on the current situation, there is no integration within this two management system. 

  15. ISO 9001 or ISO 17025 : what is more important for the metrology laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Barradas, José; Sampaio, Paulo

    2011-01-01

    In the last decade, the number of Portuguese companies with quality certiÞ cation has increased, as is the case in most countries. According to the ISO 9001 standard all the certiÞ ed companies should calibrate their measuring equipment. By doing so, companies can guarantee, with rigor and quality, its measurement and use reliable data for monitoring the quality of its products and its improvement. However, a metrology laboratory is not required to hold an ISO 9001 certiÞ catio...

  16. 企业管理与ISO9001%Business enterprise management & ISO9001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周林松

    2005-01-01

    采用ISO9001标准进行管理是企业不断追求完美的一种行动,真正把ISO9001标准落实到企业生产的每一过程,只有使企业的每个员工真正地理解。IS09O01标准的内涵,企业在管理过程中才能得心应手,去争取获得最大的利润。

  17. ISO 639-1 and ISO 639-2: International Standards for Language Codes. ISO 15924: International Standard for Names of Scripts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrum, John D.

    This paper describes two international standards for the representation of the names of languages. The first (ISO 639-1), published in 1988, provides two-letter codes for 136 languages and was produced primarily to meet terminological needs. The second (ISO 639-2) appeared in late 1998 and includes three-letter codes for 460 languages. This list…

  18. The influence of solution stoichiometry on surface-controlled Ca isotope fractionation during Ca carbonate precipitation from Mono Lake, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, L. C.; Depaolo, D. J.

    2010-12-01

    Precipitation of calcite and aragonite from aqueous solution causes kinetic stable Ca isotope fractionation under conditions where Ca2+ is greatly in excess of CO32-. Research on carbonate mineral growth from low Ca2+:CO32- activity ratio solutions is lacking. Mono Lake, California is a highly alkaline lake with a Ca2+:CO32- activity ratio of 9.6 x 10-4, over five orders of magnitude lower than typical terrestrial fresh and ocean water. Aragonitic tufa towers grow along the lakeshore due to the mixing of lake water and Ca-rich spring water, while fine aragonite particles precipitate directly from the lake water, accumulating on the lake bottom. Variations in the Ca2+:CO32- activity ratio affect calcite growth kinetics and could affect the partitioning of Ca isotopes during carbonate precipitation. However, the relationship between solution stoichiometry, microscopic mineral growth mechanisms and calcium isotope fractionation is poorly understood. We analyzed the Sr and Ca isotopic compositions of a suite of lake water, spring, tufa and lake bottom sediment samples from the Mono Basin. Using the Sr isotope signatures of endmember water sources (pure lake water and shoreline spring water), we determined the compositions of carbonate mineral growth solutions, associated isotope separations (Δ44/40Cas-f = δ44/40Casolid - δ44/40Cafluid) and precipitation rates. While lake bottom aragonite precipitates directly from lake water (Ca2+:CO32- ≈ 10-3), tufa grows from mixed solutions with Ca2+:CO32- activity ratios approaching 10, so carbonate precipitation in Mono Lake spans a four order of magnitude range in solution stoichiometry. At Mono Lake, Δ44/40Cas-f and calculated precipitation rates vary between -0.6±0.15‰ at 1.5×10-9 mol m-2 s-1 for aragonite precipitating from lake water and ~ -1.0±0.15‰ at up to 4×10-8 mol m-2 s-1 for tufa growing from mixed spring and lake water. These values are consistent with fractionation observed during CaCO3 precipitation at

  19. Itsetietoinen suurvalta:Iso-Britannian suhtautuminen Bosnian kriisiin 1908 - 1909

    OpenAIRE

    Berg, H.

    2013-01-01

    Pro gradu -tutkielmani tarkastelee Iso-Britannian suhtautumista Bosnian kriisiksi kutsuttuun tapahtumasarjaan, joka käynnistyi kun Itävalta-Unkari liitti ennen Turkille kuuluneet Bosnian ja Hertsegovinan maakunnat alueisiinsa vuonna 1908. Kriisi päättyi seuraavana vuonna Serbian tunnustettua viimeisenä valtiona maakuntien liittämisen kaksoismonarkiaan. Iso-Britannian suhtautumisen kautta pyrin erittelemään Iso-Britannian ulkopolitiikan pyrkimyksiä kriisin aikana ja yleisemmin. Arvioin kuinka ...

  20. ADOPTION OF ISO 9001 QUALITY MANAGEMENT STANDARD IN AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Erlantz Allur; Iñaki Heras-Saizarbitoria

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the dissemination of ISO 9001, the main global management standards, within Africa. The work refers to the diffusion of ISO 9001 standard in terms of its certification intensity. In this article, the dissemination of ISO 9001 in Africa has been analyzed. The findings reveal that the diffusion of the standard in this continent is not very relevant, what might be seen as an indicator of the process of Africa's trade marginalization in the age of globalization. The general ...

  1. Risk in Management Systems according to ISO standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Królas

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to present selected management standards in context of risk management. It presents main ISOmanagement standards (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, ISO 27001, BS 25999, ISO 31000 that apply to polish enterprises. In thefirst part of this article there are analyzed management standards regarding quality, environment, occupational health and safety,information security, as well as business continuity management and risk management. The second part of the article discusses the processof dealing with risk based on chosen management standard.

  2. New Dust Features Observed with ISO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tielens, Alexander G. G. M.; Young, Richard E. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    This paper will review our current knowledge of circumstellar and interstellar dust with the emphasis on infrared spectroscopy with ISO. Objects embedded in or located behind molecular clouds show a wealth of absorption features due to simple molecules in an icy mantle. The SWS on ISO has provided us, for the first time, with complete 3-45 um spectra which allow an inventory of interstellar ice. Among the species identified are H2O, CH3OH, CH4, CO2, CO, and OCS. These species are formed through simple reactions among gas phase species accreted on grain surfaces, possibly modified by FUV photolysis and warm-up (ie., outgassing). The implications of the observations for our understanding of these processes will be reviewed. The IR spectra of many UV bright objects are dominated by strong emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, and 11.3 micrometers. These are generally attributed to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) molecules. The observational evidence will be reviewed. The emphasis will be on recent data which show widespread spectral variations, particularly among protoplanetary and planetary nebulae, and their implications. One of the most exciting, recent discoveries on interstellar and circumstellar dust has been the detection of spectral structure due to crystalline olivine and enstatite in a variety of objects surrounded by circumstellar silicates. These spectra will be reviewed and circumstellar silicate mineralogy will be discussed.

  3. 实施CMMI企业的ISO9000审核%ISO9000 Audit on the CMMI Implementation Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐元

    2011-01-01

    该文结合CMMI模型的特点和企业实施CMMI的经验,分别从开发活动和项目管理问题的角度说明针对实施CMMI企业开展ISO9000审核时需要关注的重点,以供ISO9000审核人员以及期望融合CMMI以及ISO9000体系的企业管理人员参考。%This paper is to discuss the key audit points of ISO9000 audit on the companies which use CMMI for process improvement.It covers development activities and project management issues and can be used as reference for ISO auditors and enterprise management who expects to integrate CMMI and ISO9000 together.

  4. Wetland Plant Physiology Exhibits Controls on Carbon Sequestration Processes in a Restored Temperate Peatland of California, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windham-Myers, L.; Byrd, K. B.; Khanna, S.; Miller, R.; Anderson, F.

    2011-12-01

    Wetland soils, especially peatlands, serve as the leading long-term sink of carbon (C) in the terrestrial biosphere, representing ~5% of global terrestrial ecosystem acreage but ~25% of total stored terrestrial organic C. While inhibition of microbial respiration rates is a necessary component of peat formation, plant processes regulate gross and net organic matter production (GPP and NPP) and microbial respiration in the rhizosphere. Recent work in a 14-year-old, 6-ha experimental wetland complex in the California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta has documented that continuous flooding at 25 cm depth can generate peat growth averaging 1 kg C m-2 y-1, and elevation gains approaching 4 cm y-1, 40-fold greater than historic rates tied to mean sea level rise (1mm y-1). To determine macrophyte controls on organic matter production and respiration in emergent marsh habitats, plant physiological processes were examined for 3 dominant species: hardstem bulrush (Schoenoplectus acutus), narrowleaf and broadleaf cattail (Typha angustifolia and T. latifolia). Leaf-level photosynthetic rates (GPP) were collected monthly with a LiCor 6400XT in May-September of 2010 and 2011 across a gradient of water residence time. GPP, stomatal conductance, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), relative humidity and leaf temperatures were assessed from pre-dawn to solar-noon to assess light-use (LUE) and water-use efficiency (WUE) for carbon assimilation (A). CO2 levels (Ci) were regulated to generate A-Ci curves, indicating leaf capacity to assimilate recycled CO2. Porewater acetate concentrations and live root concentrations of ethanol and acetaldehyde were assayed seasonally in 2011 as relative indices of fermentative respiration. Plant species distribution, NPP and leaf-area indices (LAI) were calculated using allometric relationships, and used to scale-up leaf-level GPP estimates, as well as to ground-truth high-resolution CIR imagery, to compare NDVIs with recent hyperspectral data

  5. Meta-audit of laboratory ISO accreditation inspections: measuring the old emperor's clothes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Ian G; Smye, Michael; Wallace, Ian J C

    2016-02-01

    Accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025 is required for EC official food control and veterinary laboratories by Regulation (EC) No. 882/2004. Measurements in hospital laboratories and clinics are increasingly accredited to ISO/IEC 15189. Both of these management standards arose from command and control military standards for factory inspection during World War II. They rely on auditing of compliance and have not been validated internally as assessment bodies require of those they accredit. Neither have they been validated to criteria outside their own ideology such as the Cochrane principles of evidence-based medicine which might establish whether any benefit exceeds their cost. We undertook a retrospective meta-audit over 14 years of internal and external laboratory audits that checked compliance with ISO 17025 in a public health laboratory. Most noncompliances arose solely from clauses in the standard and would not affect users. No effect was likely from 91% of these. Fewer than 1% of noncompliances were likely to have consequences for the validity of results or quality of service. The ISO system of compliance auditing has the performance characteristics of a poor screening test. It adds substantially to costs and generates more noise (false positives) than informative signal. Ethical use of resources indicates that management standards should not be used unless proven to deliver the efficacy, effectiveness, and value required of modern healthcare interventions.

  6. Meta-audit of laboratory ISO accreditation inspections: measuring the old emperor's clothes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Ian G; Smye, Michael; Wallace, Ian J C

    2016-02-01

    Accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025 is required for EC official food control and veterinary laboratories by Regulation (EC) No. 882/2004. Measurements in hospital laboratories and clinics are increasingly accredited to ISO/IEC 15189. Both of these management standards arose from command and control military standards for factory inspection during World War II. They rely on auditing of compliance and have not been validated internally as assessment bodies require of those they accredit. Neither have they been validated to criteria outside their own ideology such as the Cochrane principles of evidence-based medicine which might establish whether any benefit exceeds their cost. We undertook a retrospective meta-audit over 14 years of internal and external laboratory audits that checked compliance with ISO 17025 in a public health laboratory. Most noncompliances arose solely from clauses in the standard and would not affect users. No effect was likely from 91% of these. Fewer than 1% of noncompliances were likely to have consequences for the validity of results or quality of service. The ISO system of compliance auditing has the performance characteristics of a poor screening test. It adds substantially to costs and generates more noise (false positives) than informative signal. Ethical use of resources indicates that management standards should not be used unless proven to deliver the efficacy, effectiveness, and value required of modern healthcare interventions. PMID:26620076

  7. 从实践看ISO 14000对ISO 9000体系的兼容性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭士毅

    2001-01-01

    本文介绍了ISO 14000系列标准在我国和日本实施的一些情况,并通过实施质量体系认证、环境体系认证事例,论述了社会、企业在环境、质量推进工作中ISO 14000对ISO 9000体系的兼容性.

  8. Iso 19011:2002--a combined auditing standard for quality and environmental management systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, G L

    2000-01-01

    In a precedent-setting decision in 1998, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) directed ISO Technical Committee (TC) 176 on Quality Management and ISO TC 207 on Environmental Management to develop jointly a single guideline standard for auditing quality and environmental management systems. When approved, this standard would replace ISO 10011-1, ISO 10011-2, and ISO 10011-3 on quality auditing and ISO 14010, ISO 14011, and ISO 14012 on environmental auditing. A Joint Working Group (JWG) was established comprising experts from both TC 176 and TC 207 to develop the new standard, ISO 19011, Guidelines on Quality and/or Environmental Management Systems Auditing, and to incorporate lessons learned from efforts to improve compatibility between ISO 9001/9004 and ISO 14001/14004, the standards for quality and environmental management systems, respectively. Work is proceeding on the development of ISO 19011 with an expected completion in early 2002.

  9. Environmental controls on spatial patterns in the long-term persistence of giant kelp in central California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Mary Alida; Cavanaugh, Kyle C.; Bell, Tom W.; Raimondi, Peter T.; Edwards, Christopher A.; Drake, Patrick T.; Erikson, Li H.; Storlazzi, Curt

    2016-01-01

    As marine management is moving towards the practice of protecting static areas, it is 44 important to make sure protected areas capture and protect persistent populations. Rocky reefs in 45 many temperate areas worldwide serve as habitat for canopy forming macroalgae and these 46 structure forming species of kelps (order Laminariales) often serve as important habitat for a great 47 diversity of species. Macrocystis pyrifera is the most common canopy forming kelp species found 48 along the coast of California but the distribution and abundance of M. pyrifera varies in space and 49 time. The purpose of this study is to determine what environmental parameters are correlated with 50 the spatial and temporal persistence of M. pyrifera along the central coast of California and how 51 well those environmental parameters can be used to predict areas where M. pyrifera is more likely 52 to persist. Nine environmental variables considered in this study included depth of the seafloor, 53 structure of the rocky reef, proportion of rocky reef, size of kelp patch, biomass of kelp within a 54 patch, distance from the edge of a kelp patch, sea surface temperature, wave orbital velocities, and 55 population connectivity of individual kelp patches. Using a generalized linear mixed effects model 56 (GLMM), the persistence of M. pyrifera was significantly associated with seven of the nine 57 variables considered: depth, complexity of the rocky reef, proportion of rock, patch biomass, 58 distance from the edge of a patch, population connectivity, and wave-orbital velocities. These 59 seven environmental variables were then used to predict the persistence of kelp across the central 60 coast and these predictions were compared to a reserved dataset of M. pyrifera persistence, which 61 was not used in the creation of the GLMM. The environmental variables were shown to accurately 62 predict the persistence of M. pyrifera within the central coast of California (r = 0.71, Pmanagement of these

  10. Mednarodni standardi - veličine in enote (ISO 31-0 do 31-13)

    OpenAIRE

    Glavič, Peter

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the international standards ISO 31 (Quantities and units) are presented with the following parts: ISO 31-0 (General principles), ISO 31-1 (Space and time), ISO 31-2 (Periodic and related phenomena), ISO 31-3 (Mechanics), ISO 31-4 (Heat), ISO 31-5 (Electricity and magnetism), ISO 31-8 (Physical chemistry and molecular physics), ISO 31-12 (Characteristic numbers)and others. The emphasis is given on the basic principles, which is important for writing of reports, presentations, art...

  11. Intermediate species measurement during iso-butanol auto-ignition

    KAUST Repository

    Ji, Weiqi

    2015-10-01

    © 2015 The Combustion Institute.Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This work presents the time histories of intermediate species during the auto-ignition of iso-butanol at high pressure and intermediate temperature conditions obtained using a rapid compression machine and recently developed fast sampling system. Iso-butanol ignition delays were acquired for iso-butanol/O2 mixture with an inert/O2 ratio of 7.26, equivalence ratio of 0.4, in the temperature range of 840-950 K and at pressure of 25 bar. Fast sampling and gas chromatography were used to acquire and quantify the intermediate species during the ignition delay of the same mixture at P = 25.3 bar and T = 905 K. The ignition delay times and quantitative measurements of the mole fraction time histories of methane, ethene, propene, iso-butene, iso-butyraldehyde, iso-butanol, and carbon monoxide were compared with predictions from the detailed mechanisms developed by Sarathy et al., Merchant et al., and Cai et al. It is shown that while the Sarathy mechanism well predicts the overall ignition delay time, it overpredicts ethene by a factor of 6-10, underpredicts iso-butene by a factor of 2, and overpredicts iso-butyraldehyde by a factor of 2. Reaction path and sensitivity analyses were carried out to identify the reactions responsible for the observed inadequacy. The rates of iso-butanol hydrogen atom abstraction by OH radical and the beta-scission reactions of hydroxybutyl radicals were updated based on recently published quantum calculation results. Significant improvements were achieved in predicting ignition delay at high pressures (25 and 30 bar) and the species concentrations of ethene and iso-butene. However, the updated mechanism still overpredicts iso-butyraldehyde concentrations. Also, the updated mechanism degrades the prediction in ignition delay at lower pressure (15 bar) compared to the original mechanism developed by Sarathy et al.

  12. The 252Cf neutron spectrum in ISO Standard 8529

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The provenance of the 252Cf neutron spectrum tabulated in ISO Standard 8529 Part 1 is discussed in the light of queries raised in an earlier ESARDA article. It is shown that neither the ISO spectrum nor a Maxwellian representation is compatible with the most recent evaluation of this important standard spectrum.

  13. Governing Information Security in Conjunction with COBIT and ISO 27001

    OpenAIRE

    Tolga Mataracioglu; Sevgi Ozkan

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, after giving a brief definition of Information Security Management Systems (ISMS), ISO 27001, IT governance and COBIT, pros and cons of implementing only COBIT, implementing only IS0 27001 and implementing both COBIT and ISO 27001 together when governing information security in enterprises will be issued.

  14. Evaluating Education Quality in Terms of ISO9000 Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fengchun, Cheng; Vogel, Linda R.; Zhaoyu, Zheng

    2014-01-01

    While nations measure the quality of educational systems by different standards, many nations, such as China, have adopted the ISO9000 quality standards to assess the quality of schools. This article explores the various elements of the the ISO9000 standards and how each element relates to the various groups that are consumers or stakeholders in…

  15. ISO Published First International Space Standard Developed By China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Institute of Astronautical Systems Engineering, a subsidiary of China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, and China Astronautics Standard Institute jointly developed a standard for launch-vehicle-to-spacecraft flight environments telemetry data processing, which was published by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in January 2009 issued with series number ISO 15862:2009.

  16. Analysis of ISO 26262 Compliant Techniques for the Automotive Domain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kannan, M. S.; Dajsuren, Y.; Luo, Y.; Barosan, I.

    2015-01-01

    The ISO 26262 standard denes functional safety for automotive E/E systems. Since the publication of the rst edition of this standard in 2011, many dierent safety techniques complying to the ISO 26262 have been developed. However, it is not clear which parts and (sub-) phases of the standard are targ

  17. Governing Information Security In Conjunction With Cobit And Iso 27001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Mataracioglu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, after giving a brief definition of Information Security Management Systems (ISMS, ISO 27001, IT governance and COBIT, pros and cons of implementing only COBIT, implementing only IS0 27001 and implementing both COBIT and ISO 27001 together when governing information security in enterprises will be issued.

  18. ISO/IEC's image interchange facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Christof; Hofmann, Georg R.

    1992-04-01

    This paper gives a technical description of the Image Interchange Facility (IIF), which comprises both a formate definition and a functional gateway specification. IIF is a part of the first International Image Processing and Interchange Standard (IPI), which is under elaboration by ISO/IEC JTC1/SC24. This paper reflects the related committee work performed up until January 1992. Considering the deficiencies and drawbacks of existing formats and current practices in exchanging digital images, the need for a new and more general approach to image interchange can be seen. This paper describes the requirements and design principles of the IIF data format and the IIF gateway. Furthermore, it explains the relation to the reference model for open communication (OSI) as well as the relation to the other parts of the IPI standard.

  19. METADATA REGISTRY, ISO/IEC 11179

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pon, R K; Buttler, D J

    2008-01-03

    ISO/IEC-11179 is an international standard that documents the standardization and registration of metadata to make data understandable and shareable. This standardization and registration allows for easier locating, retrieving, and transmitting data from disparate databases. The standard defines the how metadata are conceptually modeled and how they are shared among parties, but does not define how data is physically represented as bits and bytes. The standard consists of six parts. Part 1 provides a high-level overview of the standard and defines the basic element of a metadata registry - a data element. Part 2 defines the procedures for registering classification schemes and classifying administered items in a metadata registry (MDR). Part 3 specifies the structure of an MDR. Part 4 specifies requirements and recommendations for constructing definitions for data and metadata. Part 5 defines how administered items are named and identified. Part 6 defines how administered items are registered and assigned an identifier.

  20. Iso-electric point of fluid

    CERN Document Server

    Wan, Li

    2016-01-01

    Iso-electric point(IEP) is the PH, at which the $\\zeta$ potential is measured to be zero. The occurrence of IEP has been understood due to the neutralization of surface charge density (SCD) at the solid-liquid interface. In this work, we use the potential trap model to study the sources of the surface charge density at verious PC and PH, by taking the water-silica system as an example. It is revealed that in the case of $PH9$. Due to the mass action law, the dissociation of water molecules is suppressed at the PH close to IEP, leading to a zero surface charge density. In this way, zero $\\zeta$ potential is obtained at the IEP. It has also been obtained that the increase of the salt concentration in the water can decrease the $\\zeta$ potential, but increase the surface charge density.

  1. ISO Images of Starbursts and Active Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Mirabel, I F

    1999-01-01

    We present some highlights from the mid-infrared (5-16 micron) images of mergers of massive galaxies obtained with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). We have observed: 1) ultraluminous infrared nuclei, 2) luminous dust-enshrouded extranuclear starbursts, and 3) active galaxy nuclei (AGNs). In this contribution we discuss the observations of Arp 299, a prototype for very luminous infrared galaxies, the Antennae which is a prototype of mergers, and Centaurus A which is the closest AGN to Earth. From these observations we conclude the following: 1) the most intense starbursts in colliding systems of galaxies and the most massive stars are dust-enshrouded in regions that appear inconspicuous at optical wavelengths, 2) the most intense nuclear infrared sources are a combination of AGN and starburst activity, 3) the hosts of radio loud AGNs that trigger giant double-lobe structures may be symbiotic galaxies composed of barred spirals inside ellipticals.

  2. ISO22000 Application on Chinese Tradital Pickle Sausage Production%ISO22000在传统腌渍腊肠生产中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红梅; 张滨

    2009-01-01

    利用ISO22000质量安全管理体系中的HACCP基本原理,通过对其加工流程中可能产生的危害(HA)进行分析,找出控制的关键点(CCP),并制定相应的解决措施,从而确保腌渍腊肠品质的安全性.%Chinese traditional pickle sausage Hazard (HA) were analyzed and Critical Control Point (CCP) were found out during processing in order to improve the sausage product quality by way of application of the rationale of ISO22000 quality safety manage system in this paper. Then establishes relevant measure to resolve the likely hazard, thereby Chinese traditional pickle sausage quality security were insured.

  3. A dietary risk assessment of the pyrethroid insecticide resmethrin associated with its use for West Nile Virus mosquito vector control in California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wesley C. Carr

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available An outbreak of human illnesses associated with West Nile Virus (WNV occurred in New York City in 1999. Since then, it has gradually spread westwards, reaching northern California for the first time in 2005. WNV is transmitted by several mosquito species and birds serve as the main reservoir. Several control measures have been used, targeting both the aquatic larvae and the adult mosquitoes. In the latter case, roosting birds in trees are sprayed with pyrethroid insecticides because these are highly toxic to mosquitoes, but have low avian toxicity. A request was made to use a resmethrin-containing insecticide during the month of October 2005 in California. Because resmethrin was not registered for use on growing crops, concerns were raised about potential crop contamination. Therefore, an expedited dietary risk assessment was conducted on resmethrin. Developmental toxicity in the rat (NOELs of 25 or 40 mg/kg/day was used as the acute endpoint and dietary exposure was assessed using the DEEM-FCIDTM computer program. Only crops growing above ground during October were considered. Margins of Safety (MOS were found to be above 100, the level generally considered to be sufficient to protect public health when using an animal NOEL.

  4. The ISO-IRAS Faint Galaxy Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Harding E.

    1999-01-01

    As part of the ISO-IRAS Faint Galaxy Survey ISO Satellite observations of over 600 IRAS sources have been obtained with the ISOCAM instrument. Because our survey strategy involved relatively short integrations, great care was required in developing analysis software including cosmic-ray and transient removal and calibration. These observations have now been through final pipeline processing at IPAC and ground-based follow-up is ongoing. The observations are for sources from two samples: a " Filler' sample selected to be at z greater than 0.1 and a fainter sample which selected for the highest redshift galaxies in the IRAS survey, with redshifts 0.2 less than z less than 1.0. I now have obtained ground-based follow-up spectrophotometry at Lick and Palomar observatories for 100 LFIRGs with 0.1 less than z less than 0.7. Our observations have confirmed that these systems are comparable to nearby LFIRGs such as Arp 220, with L (sub -)(fir) greater than 10(exp 11) L(sub -) sun and typically HII/Liner optical excitation. About 10% of the galaxies show true AGN (Sy2) excitation. Based on our work on a nearby complete sample of LFIRGS, we believe that the majority of these systems are luminous Starbursts, thus this project is tracing the luminous end of the galaxy star-forming luminosity function - the (infrared) star-formation history of the Universe to z approx. 1, a topic of some considerable recent interest. A by-product of these ISOCAM observations is approximately 1 square degree of deep 2 microns pointings outside the IRAS error boxes, allowing us an independent estimate of the mid-infrared log N - log S relation. Ground-based observations of this sample are continuing.

  5. ISO/DIS 22000及与ISO 9001:2000之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹志军

    2005-01-01

    国际标准化组织(ISO)于2004年6月发布了:ISO/DIS22000《食品安全管理体系——对整个食品链中组织的要求》,对世界范围内的食品安全性的提高具有积极意义,有广泛的应用前景。为便于理解和应用ISO/DIS22000,本文就:ISO/DIS 22000与ISO9001:2000的关系作一阐述。

  6. California's 2002 Clean Water Act Section 303(d) - Impaired Streams and Rivers

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This dataset contains California's 2002 Clean Water Act Section 303(d) list which is submitted by the California State Water Resources Control Board. The layer has...

  7. Usability evaluation of mobile applications using ISO 9241 and ISO 25062 standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moumane, Karima; Idri, Ali; Abran, Alain

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical study based on a set of measures to evaluate the usability of mobile applications running on different mobile operating systems, including Android, iOS and Symbian. The aim is to evaluate empirically a framework that we have developed on the use of the Software Quality Standard ISO 9126 in mobile environments, especially the usability characteristic. To do that, 32 users had participated in the experiment and we have used ISO 25062 and ISO 9241 standards for objective measures by working with two widely used mobile applications: Google Apps and Google Maps. The QUIS 7.0 questionnaire have been used to collect measures assessing the users' level of satisfaction when using these two mobile applications. By analyzing the results we highlighted a set of mobile usability issues that are related to the hardware as well as to the software and that need to be taken into account by designers and developers in order to improve the usability of mobile applications. PMID:27190747

  8. Usability evaluation of mobile applications using ISO 9241 and ISO 25062 standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moumane, Karima; Idri, Ali; Abran, Alain

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical study based on a set of measures to evaluate the usability of mobile applications running on different mobile operating systems, including Android, iOS and Symbian. The aim is to evaluate empirically a framework that we have developed on the use of the Software Quality Standard ISO 9126 in mobile environments, especially the usability characteristic. To do that, 32 users had participated in the experiment and we have used ISO 25062 and ISO 9241 standards for objective measures by working with two widely used mobile applications: Google Apps and Google Maps. The QUIS 7.0 questionnaire have been used to collect measures assessing the users' level of satisfaction when using these two mobile applications. By analyzing the results we highlighted a set of mobile usability issues that are related to the hardware as well as to the software and that need to be taken into account by designers and developers in order to improve the usability of mobile applications.

  9. ISO26000系列讲座:ISO26000制定过程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元桥

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1创新独特的工作机制 ISO/TMB(国际标准化组织技术管理局)希望以ISO 26000的制定为契机,进行全面的开拓性探索,开展国际标准化创新试验:一方面是标准内容创新,即:国际标准化的内容将不再仅限于传统的技术领域,而是扩展到包括社会科学领域在内的所有领域,正如时任ISO/TMB副主席的ZivaPatir女士所言,"只要市场需要且符合ISO战略,没有什么是国际标准化工作不可以涉及的","我们的传统任务是促进产品、服务、过程、材料和系统的标准化.

  10. Sertifikatõ ISO - mafioznaja struktura so znakom pljuss / Olesja Bõkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bõkova, Olesja

    2005-01-01

    Esimesed ISO sertifikaadid, mille aluseks on briti kvaliteedi standardite süsteem, anti Euroopa Liidus välja 1987. a. ISO sertifikaadid Eestis. Diagramm: Välja antud ISO 9000 sertifikaadid 1994-2004

  11. Tectonic and eustatic controls of late quaternary shelf sedimentation along the Central California (Santa Cruz) continental margin: high-resolution seismic stratigraphic evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullins, Henry T.; Nagel, David K.; Dominguez, Laura L.

    1985-07-01

    A high-resolution "uniboom", seismic stratigraphic investigation of a portion of the central California continental shelf has demonstrated that depositional patterns and sequences are controlled largely by an interplay of glacioeustatic sea-level fluctuations superimposed on local tectonics. Wrench tectonics, associated with active right-lateral shear along the San Gregorio fault zone, and the Pigeon Point Basement High control the location, distribution and overall geometry of depositional sequences via en echelon folding and differential subsidence. Areas of relatively thick and thin late Quaternary sediments conform in large part with structures produced during wrenching. Glacioeustatic sea-level oscillations have also shaped depositional patterns and sequences. Correlation of our seismic stratigraphic data with a southern California continental margin sea-level curve, suggests that during the last glacial maximum, approximately 18,000 yrs ago, a relative lowstand resulted in the erosion of a distinct unconformity upon which late Quaternary sediments have accumulated. A rapid rise of sea level to a relative stillstand, approximately 12,000 yrs ago, produced a concave-up, marine terrace profile across the mid-shelf, that has since been infilled with as much as 22 m of Holocene clastic sediments. A relative drop of sea level, approximately 11,000 yrs ago, allowed sediments to build seaward as a series of prograding clinoforms that form the basal sequences of the late Quaternary sediment fill. The succeeding Holocene transgression partially eroded the top of this earlier regressive sequence, and has now established a typical, wave-graded shelf along which sediments fine in a seaward direction to water depths of 90-100 m. At greater shelf water depths, surface sediments coarsen and appear to be relicts of previous relative sea-level lowstands. The presence of now submerged and buried marine terraces along both the central and southern California continental margins

  12. Silencing of the host factor eIF(iso)4E gene confers plum pox virus resistance in plum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xinhua; Kohalmi, Susanne E; Svircev, Antonet; Wang, Aiming; Sanfaçon, Hélène; Tian, Lining

    2013-01-01

    Plum pox virus (PPV) causes the most economically-devastating viral disease in Prunus species. Unfortunately, few natural resistance genes are available for the control of PPV. Recessive resistance to some potyviruses is associated with mutations of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) or its isoform eIF(iso)4E. In this study, we used an RNA silencing approach to manipulate the expression of eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E towards the development of PPV resistance in Prunus species. The eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E genes were cloned from plum (Prunus domestica L.). The sequence identity between plum eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E coding sequences is 60.4% at the nucleotide level and 52.1% at the amino acid level. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis showed that these two genes have a similar expression pattern in different tissues. Transgenes allowing the production of hairpin RNAs of plum eIF4E or eIF(iso)4E were introduced into plum via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Gene expression analysis confirmed specific reduced expression of eIF4E or eIF(iso)4E in the transgenic lines and this was associated with the accumulation of siRNAs. Transgenic plants were challenged with PPV-D strain and resistance was evaluated by measuring the concentration of viral RNA. Eighty-two percent of the eIF(iso)4E silenced transgenic plants were resistant to PPV, while eIF4E silenced transgenic plants did not show PPV resistance. Physical interaction between PPV-VPg and plum eIF(iso)4E was confirmed. In contrast, no PPV-VPg/eIF4E interaction was observed. These results indicate that eIF(iso)4E is involved in PPV infection in plum, and that silencing of eIF(iso)4E expression can lead to PPV resistance in Prunus species.

  13. Silencing of the host factor eIF(iso4E gene confers plum pox virus resistance in plum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinhua Wang

    Full Text Available Plum pox virus (PPV causes the most economically-devastating viral disease in Prunus species. Unfortunately, few natural resistance genes are available for the control of PPV. Recessive resistance to some potyviruses is associated with mutations of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E or its isoform eIF(iso4E. In this study, we used an RNA silencing approach to manipulate the expression of eIF4E and eIF(iso4E towards the development of PPV resistance in Prunus species. The eIF4E and eIF(iso4E genes were cloned from plum (Prunus domestica L.. The sequence identity between plum eIF4E and eIF(iso4E coding sequences is 60.4% at the nucleotide level and 52.1% at the amino acid level. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis showed that these two genes have a similar expression pattern in different tissues. Transgenes allowing the production of hairpin RNAs of plum eIF4E or eIF(iso4E were introduced into plum via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Gene expression analysis confirmed specific reduced expression of eIF4E or eIF(iso4E in the transgenic lines and this was associated with the accumulation of siRNAs. Transgenic plants were challenged with PPV-D strain and resistance was evaluated by measuring the concentration of viral RNA. Eighty-two percent of the eIF(iso4E silenced transgenic plants were resistant to PPV, while eIF4E silenced transgenic plants did not show PPV resistance. Physical interaction between PPV-VPg and plum eIF(iso4E was confirmed. In contrast, no PPV-VPg/eIF4E interaction was observed. These results indicate that eIF(iso4E is involved in PPV infection in plum, and that silencing of eIF(iso4E expression can lead to PPV resistance in Prunus species.

  14. The role of environmental controls in determining sardine and anchovy population cycles in the California Current: Analysis of an end-to-end model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiechter, Jerome; Rose, Kenneth A.; Curchitser, Enrique N.; Hedstrom, Katherine S.

    2015-11-01

    Sardine and anchovy are two forage species of particular interest because of their low-frequency cycles in adult abundance in boundary current regions, combined with a commercially relevant contribution to the global marine food catch. While several hypotheses have been put forth to explain decadal shifts in sardine and anchovy populations, a mechanistic basis for how the physics, biogeochemistry, and biology combine to produce patterns of synchronous variability across widely separated systems has remained elusive. The present study uses a 50-year (1959-2008) simulation of a fully coupled end-to-end ecosystem model configured for sardine and anchovy in the California Current System to investigate how environmental processes control their population dynamics. The results illustrate that slightly different temperature and diet preferences can lead to significantly different responses to environmental variability. Simulated adult population fluctuations are associated with age-1 growth (via age-2 egg production) and prey availability for anchovy, while they depend primarily on age-0 survival and temperature for sardine. The analysis also hints at potential linkages to known modes of climate variability, whereby changes in adult abundance are related to ENSO for anchovy and to the PDO for sardine. The connection to the PDO and ENSO is consistent with modes of interannual and decadal variability that would alternatively favor anchovy during years of cooler temperatures and higher prey availability, and sardine during years of warmer temperatures and lower prey availability. While the end-to-end ecosystem model provides valuable insight on potential relationships between environmental conditions and sardine and anchovy population dynamics, understanding the complex interplay, and potential lags, between the full array of processes controlling their abundances in the California Current System remains an on-going challenge.

  15. ISO Spectroscopy of Proto-Planetary Nebulae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrivnak, Bruce J.

    2000-01-01

    The goal of this program was to determine the chemical properties of the dust shells around protoplanetary nebulae (PPNs) through a study of their short-wavelength (6-45 micron) infrared spectra. PPNs are evolved stars in transition from the asymptotic giant branch to the planetary nebula stages. Spectral features in the 10 to 20 gm region indicate the chemical nature (oxygen- or carbon-rich), and the strengths of the features relate to the physical properties of the shells. A few bright carbon-rich PPNs have been observed to show PAH features and an unidentified 21 micron emission feature. We used the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) to observe a sample of IRAS sources that have the expected properties of PPNs and for which we have accurate positions. Some of these have optical counterparts (proposal SWSPPN01) and some do not (SWSPPN02). We had previously observed these from the ground with near-infrared photometry and, for those with visible counterparts, visible photometry and spectroscopy, which we have combined with these new ISO data in the interpretation of the spectra. We have completed a study of the unidentified emission feature at 21 micron in eight sources. We find the shape of the feature to be the same in all of the sources, with no evidence of any substructure. The ratio of the emission peak to continuum ranges from 0.13 to 1.30. We have completed a study of seven PPNs and two other carbon-rich objects for which we had obtained ISO 2-45 micron observations. The unidentified emission features at 21 and 30 micron were detected in six sources, including four new detections of the 30 micron feature. This previously unresolved 30 micron feature was resolved and found to consist of a broad feature peaking at 27.2 micron (the "30 micron" feature) and a narrower feature peaking at 25.5 micron (the "26 micron" feature). This new 26 micron feature is detected in eight sources and is particularly strong in IRAS Z02229+6208 and 16594-4656. The unidentified

  16. Factors affecting the biological control of California red scale Aonidiella aurantii (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) by Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) in eastern Spain citrus: host size, ant activity, and adult parasitoid food sources

    OpenAIRE

    PEKAS, APOSTOLOS

    2011-01-01

    California red scale (CRS), Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae), one of the most important pests of citrus worldwide, began to cause damages in eastern Spain in 1986. The main biological control agents of A. aurantii in this zone are the native parasitoid A. chrysomphali (Mercet) and the introduced A. melinus DeBach (both Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae). Nevertheless, the control they exert is insufficient. In order to improve the biological control of A. aurantii we studied seve...

  17. ADOPTION OF ISO 9001 QUALITY MANAGEMENT STANDARD IN AFRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlantz Allur

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the dissemination of ISO 9001, the main global management standards, within Africa. The work refers to the diffusion of ISO 9001 standard in terms of its certification intensity. In this article, the dissemination of ISO 9001 in Africa has been analyzed. The findings reveal that the diffusion of the standard in this continent is not very relevant, what might be seen as an indicator of the process of Africa's trade marginalization in the age of globalization. The general certification intensity of the continet is of 0.18; in other words, the proportion of the contribution of Africa to the global GDP of the world is more than five times superior to the proportion of ISO 9001 certificates located in Africa. By means of the logistic model the dissemination of ISO 9001 is forecasted, and it has been observed that the diffusion of ISO 9001 in Africa is in an 85% of its saturation point. Taking into account this model, it's expected that the dissemination of ISO 9001 will be growing until 2020.

  18. The ISO View of Star Forming Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helou, George

    1999-01-01

    ISO studies of normal galaxies in the local Universe have revealed basic new properties whose significant implications for the star formation process and cosmology are only starting to be understood. This review will touch on the general results of a statistical nature, and provide a quick summary of the profusion of exciting results on individual objects. In the mid-infrared, PHT-S has established that the spectra of star forming galaxies between 6 and-13microns are dominated by the Aromatic Features in Emission (AFE), and show little variation as a function of the heating intensity. The Carriers of the AFE (CAFE) are thus a universal component of dust with standard properties, and contribute between 10 and 25% of the total dust luminosity. In addition to AFE, the spectra show a low-level continuum detectable at wavelengths longer than 3.5microns whose origin is still under investigation. The mid-infrared colors formed as the ratio of flux densities in the 6.75micron and the 15micron bands of ISO-CAM remain essentially constant and near unity for quiescent and mildly active galaxies. As dust heating increases further, the 15micron flux increases steeply compared to 6.75microns, indicating that dust heated to 100KISO-PHOT is starting to constrain the distribution of dust temperatures at the low end of the temperature scale. From LWS data, the far-infrared fine-structure lines of [CII] and [OI], which provide most of the cooling for warm atomic gas, show variations that have remained controversial in their interpretation. In particular, as the galaxy become more active in star formation, its [CII] flux weakens relative to total dust emission while the [OI] does not. This behavior has attracted much interest because it extrapolates to the most active galaxies, making them weaker in [CII] than previously expected. Several explanations for the effect have been advanced, and will be discussed in this review. Spectroscopy with SWS has measured molecular hydrogen in

  19. A Personal Health Record System for Diabetes Care Conforming to the ISO 16527 Interoperability Requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerón, Jesús D; Gómez, Guillermo A; López, Diego M; González, Carolina; Blobel, Bernd

    2014-01-01

    A Personal Health Record (PHR) is a health information repository controlled and managed directly by a patient or his/her custodian, or a person interested in his/her own health. PHR System's adoption and compliance with international standards is foremost important because it can help to meet international, national, regional or institutional interoperability and portability policies. In this paper, an interoperable PHR System for supporting the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus is proposed, which meets the mandatory interoperability requirements proposed in the Personal Health Record System Functional Model standard (ISO 16527). After performing a detailed analysis of different applications and platforms for the implementation of electronic Personal Health Records, the adaptation of the Indivo Health open source platform was completed. Interoperability functions were added to this platform by integrating the Mirth Connect platform. The assessment of the platform's interoperability capabilities was carried out by a group of experts, who verified the interoperability requirements proposed in the ISO 16527 standard.

  20. Complexing properties of {alpha}-iso-saccharinate: thorium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allard, S.; Ekberg, C. [Nuclear Chemistry - Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)

    2005-07-01

    Full text of publication follows: In the alkaline conditions of the intended Swedish repository for long-lived, low to intermediate level waste, SFL3-5, cellulose based items will degrade with iso-saccharinate being the dominant end-product. Iso-saccharinate is a strong complexing agent for tetravalent actinides, as well as for trivalent lanthanides, and its complexation properties are of interest for the long-term repository assessment. In the presented study, the complexation of {sup 234}Th-{alpha}-iso-saccharinate is examined using liquid-liquid- extraction and radioanalytical techniques. An organic phase consisting of 0.1 M acetylacetone in toluene was used with a 1.0 M NaClO{sub 4} aqueous phase kept at pH 8 in a thermostated AKUFVE unit. Since the {alpha}-iso-saccharinic system consists of three species - the carboxylic {alpha}-iso-saccharinic acid, {alpha}-iso-saccharinate and {alpha}-D-iso-saccharino-1,4-lactone - care must be taken when choosing the operational pH. Keeping the aqueous phase at pH 8 results in negligible concentrations of all but the {alpha}-iso-saccharinate form while at the same time being an excellent pH for the {sup 234}Th-acetylacetone complexation with very limited hydrolysis effect. The {alpha}- iso-saccharinate concentration was incrementally increased, and samples of equal volumes were taken from the two phases and analyzed in a liquid scintillation detector once the radioactive equilibrium between {sup 234}Th and {sup 234}Pa had been reached. Two complexation constants were used to fit a distribution equation to the experimental data. (authors)

  1. Protonation and lactonization of {alpha}-iso-saccharinic acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, L.; Tian, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Zhang, Z. [Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99165 (United States); Rai, D. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Full text of publication follows: {alpha}-iso-saccharinic acid, a degradation product of cellulose materials, has been a subject of study due to its ability to complex actinides and affect their migration behavior in the environment. Like other poly-hydroxy-carboxylic acids such as gluconic acid, {alpha}-iso-saccharinic acid undergoes dehydration to form {alpha}-iso-saccharinate-1,4-lactone in acidic solutions. The lactonization of iso-saccharinic acid is slower than the protonation/deprotonation reactions because it involves breaking and formation of C-O as well as O-H bonds. It is important to take into consideration the slow lactonization reaction when determining the protonation constant of iso-saccharinic acid. In this work, the protonation of a-iso-saccharinate and the lactonization of {alpha}-iso-saccharinic acid have been evaluated by potentiometry. A concept of 'composite' protonation constant, similar to the well-known composite protonation constant of carbonic acid [1], is developed for {alpha}- iso-saccharinic acid. Results on the protonation and lactonization of {alpha}-iso-saccharinic acid are discussed in comparison with gluconic acid. This research was supported by the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences and Office of Biological and Environmental Research, U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF0098 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. [1] Stumm, W., Morgan, J.J.: 'Aquatic Chemistry: an Introduction Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in Natural Waters', John Wiley and Sons, New York (1981), pp. 173-174. (authors)

  2. Biological Control of Olive Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by Releases of Psyttalia cf. concolor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in California, Parasitoid Longevity in Presence of the Host, and Host Status of Walnut Husk Fly

    Science.gov (United States)

    The larval parasitoid, Psyttalia cf. concolor, collected from tephritids infesting coffee in Kenya and reared on Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata Weidemann, in Guatemala by USDA-APHIS, PPQ, was imported into California for biological control of olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin),...

  3. California Political Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This is a series of district layers pertaining to California'spolitical districts, that are derived from the California State Senateand State Assembly information....

  4. The ISO/IEC 11179 norm for metadata registries: does it cover healthcare standards in empirical research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngouongo, Sylvie M N; Löbe, Matthias; Stausberg, Jürgen

    2013-04-01

    In order to support empirical medical research concerning reuse and improvement of the expressiveness of study data and hence promote syntactic as well as semantic interoperability, services are required for the maintenance of data element collections. As part of the project for the implementation of a German metadata repository for empirical research we assessed the ability of ISO/IEC 11179 "Information technology - Metadata registries (MDR)" part 3 edition 3 Final Committee Draft "Registry metamodel and basic attributes" to represent healthcare standards. First step of the evaluation was a reformulation of ISO's metamodel with the terms and structures of the different healthcare standards. In a second step, we imported instances of the healthcare standards into a prototypical database implementation representing ISO's metamodel. Whereas the flat structure of disease registries as well as some controlled vocabularies could be easily mapped to the ISO's metamodel, complex structures as used in reference models of electronic health records or classifications could be not exhaustively represented. A logical reconstruction of an application will be needed in order to represent them adequately. Moreover, the correct linkage between elements from ISO/IEC 11179 edition 3 and concepts of classifications remains unclear. We also observed some restrictions of ISO/IEC 11179 edition 3 concerning the representation of items of the Operational Data Model from the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium, which might be outside the scope of a MDR. Thus, despite the obvious strength of the ISO/IEC 11179 edition 3 for metadata registries, some issues should be considered in its further development. PMID:23246614

  5. ISO 26000 – An Integrative Approach of Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herciu Mihaela

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ISO 26000 represents a guidance on corporate social responsibility and it is, at the present time, one of the most important document on CSR in the world. Without being mandatory or regulated, ISO 26000 is focus on seven core subjects that have to be approached synergistic – governance, human right, labor, environment, business practices, consumer, and community – in order to achieve its goal. The present paper intends to present and analyze the seven core subjects of ISO 26000 from tow perspectives: by emphasizing the benefits of implementing the standard into the business strategy and by revealing the correlation between corporate social responsibility and sustainable development.

  6. The historical impact of ISO 9000 on Lebanese firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezher, Toufic; Ajam, Maher; Shehab, Mohamad

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to assess the impact of the new ISO 9001:2000 standard on the Quality Management Systems (QMS) of Lebanese firms that were already certified under ISO 9000:1994. To get an accurate feedback of stakeholders in a firm, three different questionnaires were developed and distributed to management, employees, and customers respectively. Empirical results indicate that ISO 9001:2000 has improved the QMS performance of Lebanese firms over that of the 1994 edition. Nevertheless, results showed that the new standard still has some weaknesses when it comes to improving suppliers' relationships and empowering employees.

  7. Experience of 2 dental clinics registered to ISO 9002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Michael J; Kenny, David J; Johnston, Douglas H

    2003-04-01

    This paper describes the 3-year experience of managing 2 hospital-based dental clinics registered to ISO 9002:1994; it also examines the revision of previous quality management standards in 2 separate institutions to prepare for registration under the new ISO 9001:2000 standard. Daily equipment and process checks, combined with internal audits, were the backbone of the quality system at both locations. Corrective and protective actions had been underused, because of the partial duplication produced by 2 different institutionally mandated risk management and incident reporting systems. ISO 9002 registration provided both dental clinics with responsive quality systems, emphasizing patient satisfaction and providing measurable continuous quality improvement.

  8. Comparing Four Softwares Based on ISO 9241 Part 10

    OpenAIRE

    Safdari, Reza; Dargahi, Hussein; Shahmoradi, Leila; Farzaneh Nejad, Ahmadreza

    2011-01-01

    Evaluation of Iran’s HIS (hospital Information System) ergonomic quality using IsoMetric 9241 part 10 and compared results of that evaluation with results of ergonomic quality evaluation other softwares which evaluated by IsoMetric 9241 part 10. This research study was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the researchers evaluated the HIS of 13 hospitals in Iran using ISO 9241 part 10, and in the second stage, they compared the evaluation results with the following softwares: a) IS-H*...

  9. Modeling and Implementing ISO 13584-based Part Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东; 肖丽雯; 何援军; 张申生

    2004-01-01

    ISO 13584 (I.e. PLIB) is an international standard for the representation and exchange of CAD part libraries. It aims to provide an application-independent mechanism to enable the share of part library information between applications. In this paper, the approach of modeling part library conforming to ISO 13584 is presented. Also, a prototype of part library management system, I.e. BYL-PLIB, whose implementation is in agreement with ISO 13854 is developed to demonstrate the usefulness of proposed approach.

  10. Difference and Relation Between “ISO/IEC17025” Standard and “ISO 9000”Standard%“ISO/IEC17025”与“ISO9000”标准的区别与联系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤洁

    2002-01-01

    归纳了ISO/IEC17025《检测与标准实验室能力的通用要求》和ISO9000《质量管理和质量保证标准》的基本含义和技术要求.通过对两个标准的评细论述,阐明它们之间的区别与联系.并对已获得"17025"和"ISO9000"证书的部分试验室和企业的基本情况进行了分析.

  11. Aplikace normy ISO 10014 ve vybrané firmě

    OpenAIRE

    Karasová, Pavla

    2008-01-01

    The thesis concentrates on the International Standard ISO 10014 - Quality management -Guidelines for realizing financial and economic benefits. In the thesis management principles and the simply methodology called PDCA are described. The thesis is focused on the priniple of process approach and nutually beneficial supplier relationship. These methods according to the Standard are applicated: Drum-Buffer-Rope within process approach and the graphical method of supplier rating, the zone control...

  12. The proposal of software development and acquisition metrics based on ISO/IEC 27001 standard

    OpenAIRE

    Ladislav Beránek; Radim Remeš

    2009-01-01

    The implementation and operation of efficient information security management systems (ISMS) according to the ISO/IEC 27001 standard involves a number of steps, among others implementation and operation of appropriate processes, policies and objectives. The crucial issue is the correct definition of the metrics for measurement of the effectiveness of established processes and established controls. The paper describes some practical metrics for ISMS processes review but primarily deals with th...

  13. "ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING STANDARDS ISO14010, 14011, 14012 "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.Nouri

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to standardize sustainable status of environmental management in productive and industrial activities and commercial and economical relationship, the ISO 14000 standards series guarantee the minimization of the costs, growth accoptancy of society and trade and environmental quality improvement and natural resources. In fact, these standards will help any organization to improve and solve these standards and help to improve and solve their environmental remarks of executive activities in the best way. Environmental auditing is one of the environmental tools. In the early 1970, most organization was searching ways to match their regulations with environmental needs. Although in some case, environmental auditing had been compulsory by the legal authorities, directors, were doing environmental auditing by their own ways, in order to escape from liabi1ities and punishments. At a large scale, efficiency and proportion of environmental management system are evaluated through a periodical management review, by the acquired environmental programmed progress. Thus, environmental system performance output connects and evaluates to the input of organization management review process. In the meantime, one of the important inputs to management review process in environmental auditing.

  14. The ISO SWS on-line system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelfsema, P. R.; Kester, D. J. M.; Wesselius, P. R.; Wieprech, E.; Sym, N.

    1992-01-01

    The software which is currently being developed for the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) of the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is described. The spectrometer has a wide range of capabilities in the 2-45 micron infrared band. SWS contains two independent gratings, one for the long and one for the short wavelength section of the band. With the gratings a spectral resolution of approximately 1000 to approximately 2500 can be obtained. The instrument also contains two Fabry-Perault's yielding a resolution between approximately 1000 and approximately 20000. Software is currently being developed for the acquisition, calibration, and analysis of SWS data. The software is firstly required to run in a pipeline mode without human interaction, to process data as they are received from the telescope. However, both for testing and calibration of the instrument as well as for evaluation of the planned operating procedures the software should also be suitable for interactive use. Thirdly the same software will be used for long term characterization of the instrument. The software must work properly within the environment designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the spacecraft operations. As a result strict constraints are put on I/O devices, throughput etc.

  15. Coordinated Multi-Objective Control of Regulating Resources in Multi-Area Power Systems with Large Penetration of Wind Power Generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyeng, Preben; Yang, Bo; Ma, Jian;

    2008-01-01

    . The means are utilization of flywheel energy storage units, hydro power generation, and energy exchange among the participating control areas. The objective of the control algorithm is to respond to the control signals from the different system operators, whilst optimizing the hydro power plant operation...... by reducing the tear and wear on the mechanical parts and improving the energy efficiency of the plant. The performance of the WAEMS is simulated using a mathematical model, including hydro power plant and flywheel energy storage models. ACE measurements from the California ISO and Bonneville Power...

  16. Controls on mineralisation in the Sierra Foothills gold province, central California, USA: A GIS-based reconnaissance prospectivity analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierlein, F.P.; Northover, H.J.; Groves, D.I.; Goldfarb, R.J.; Marsh, E.E.

    2008-01-01

    The assessment of spatial relationships between the location, abundance and size of orogenic-gold deposits in the highly endowed Sierra Foothills gold province in California, via the combination of field studies and a GIS-based analysis, illustrates the power of such an approach to the characterisation of important parameters of mineral systems, and the prediction of districts likely to host economic mineralisation. Regional- to deposit-scale reconnaissance mapping suggests that deposition of gold-bearing quartz veins occurred in second- and third-order, east-over-west thrusts during regional east - west compression and right-lateral transpression. At the district-scale, significant zones of mineralisation correspond with such transpressional reactivation zones and dilational jogs that developed during the Late Jurassic - Early Cretaceous along the misaligned segments of first-order faults throughout the Sierra Nevada Foothills Metamorphic Belt. Field-based observations and interpretation of GIS data (including solid geology, structural elements, deposit locations, magnetics, gravity) also highlight the importance of structural permeability contrasts, rheological gradients, and variations in fault orientation for localising mineralisation. Although this approach confirms empirical findings and produces promising results at the province scale, enhanced geological, structural, geophysical and geochronological data density is required to generate regionally consistent, high-quality input layers that improve predictive targeting at the goldfield to deposit-scale.

  17. Late Neogene stratigraphy and tectonic control on facies evolution in the Laguna Salada Basin, northern Baja California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Barajas, A.; Vázquez-Hernández, S.; Carreño, A. L.; Helenes, J.; Suárez-Vidal, F.; Alvarez-Rosales, J.

    2001-10-01

    The Laguna Salada Basin (LSB) in northeastern Baja California records late-Neogene marine incursions in the Salton Trough and progradation of the Colorado River delta. Early subsidence and subsequent tectonic erosion are related to evolution of the Sierra El Mayor detachment fault during late Miocene time (geothermal exploratory well on the eastern margin of LSB. Interfingering fluvial-sandstone deposits and prograding alluvial fanglomerates with coarse debris-flow and rock-avalanche deposits crudely mark the onset of vertical slip along the Laguna Salada fault and rapid uplift of Sierra Cucapa and Sierra El Mayor. Up to 2 km of Quaternary alluvial-fan and lacustrine deposits accumulated along the eastern margin of LSB, whereas lower subsidence rates produced a thinner sedimentary wedge over a ramp-like crystalline basement along the western margin. In early Pleistocene time (˜2-1 Ma), the Laguna Salada became progressively isolated from the Colorado River delta complex, and the Salton Trough by activity on the Elsinore and Laguna Salada fault zones.

  18. Introduction to the New Edition of ISO/DIS 9004%新版ISO/DIS 9004介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷艳君

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、概述 ISO自发布第一个ISO 9000族标准以来,至今已有20多年.在这么长的时间里,作为ISO 9000族核心标准之一的ISO 9004,在世界范围内一直都没能得到广泛应用.究其原因,一方面存在ISO 9000族标准的使用者在认知和功利上的因素,另一方面也不排除ISO 9004标准的目的、思路和内容不太适合使用者的因素.因此,TC 176正在对ISO 9004做重大修订.目前,修订工作已进入到DIS阶段,计划2009年8月正式发布新版ISO 9004标准.

  19. Bahan pemutih gigi dengan sertifikat ADA/ISO (Tooth bleaching material with ADA/ISO certificate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asti Meizarini

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Bleaching of teeth for cosmetic reasons is a popular aspect of cosmetic dentistry because patients realize the aesthetical benefits of these products. The dentist as a clinician's practitioner must be knowledgeable of the products and their application techniques. Bleaching materials which are safe and effective are the ADA accepted or manufactured by those which have already haved ISO certificate. Dentist must have enough knowledge about in-office bleaching prescribed for home-use bleaching including their contra indication and side effects, to advise the patients and provide effective bleaching services.

  20. Applicability of ISO 16697 Data to Spacecraft Fire Fighting Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, David B.; Beeson, Harold D.

    2012-01-01

    Presentation Agenda: (1) Selected variables affecting oxygen consumption during spacecraft fires, (2) General overview of ISO 16697, (3) Estimated amounts of material consumed during combustion in typical ISS enclosures, (4) Discussion on potential applications.

  1. ISO 22000(DIS)标准的特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李风度

    2004-01-01

    为满足组织开展HACCP体系认证的需要,国际标准化组织农产食品技术委员会(ISO/TC34)成立WG8工作组,参照质量/环境管理体系国际标准(ISO9001/ISO14001)的框架起草了食品安全管理体系国际标准(ISO22000)。2004年6月,ISO发布ISO22000国际标准草案(DIS稿),进入各成员国为期5

  2. ISO and EIGA standards for cryogenic vessels and accessories

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    The EIGA/WG 6’s scope is cryogenic vessels and accessories, including their design, material compatibility, operational requirements and periodical inspection. The specific responsibilities include monitoring international standardization (ISO, CEN) and regulations (UN, TPED, PED...

  3. ISO 9000质量体系与ISO 14000环境管理体系结合研究%A synthetical research to the ISO 9000 quality system and ISO14000 environment management system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于启武; 徐泓; 易验

    1999-01-01

    本研究报告分为两部分:第一部分,体系结合研究,包括体系结合问题的由来、ISO 9000质量体系与ISO 14000环境管理体系的推动因素比较、对国家有关政策的建议、企业实施ISO 9000和ISO 14000建立质量和环境综合管理体系的方式和程序;第二部分,环境成本研究,包括环境成本现状分析、环境成本核算的必要性和理论基础、环境成本的基本内容和分类、环境成本的核算方法.

  4. A review of ISO and CEN standards on ergonomics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dul, J.; Vlaming, P.M. de; Munnik, M.J.

    1996-01-01

    In recent years an increasing number of official ergonomic standards has become available world-wide. The International Standardization Organization (ISO) and the European standardization organization Comite Europeen de Normalisation (CEN) have published 28 ergonomic standards, whereas 69 standards

  5. 转换到ISO9001:2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凯西·罗伯茨

    2001-01-01

    @@ 引言 本文将介绍自1994版ISO标准转换到ISO9001:2000版标准的一般步骤,也将涉及过程模式方法及ISO9001:2000版结构.讨论将着重于四个主要方面:管理,文件档案,培训及审核.每一方面都有几个重点,目的是:了解过程模式方法;了解ISO9001:2000结构;学习转换策划的基本方法;学习转换策划的策略;便览ISO9001:2000版新要求.

  6. Dispersal limitation does not control high elevational distribution of alien plant species in the southern Sierra Nevada, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rundel, Philip W.; Keeley, Jon E.

    2016-01-01

    Patterns of elevational distribution of alien plant species in the southern Sierra Nevada of California were used to test the hypothesis that alien plant species invading high elevations around the world are typically climate generalists capable of growing across a wide elevational range. The Sierra Nevada has been heavily impacted for more than a century and a half, first by heavy grazing up into high elevation meadows, followed by major logging, and finally, by impacts associated with recreational use. The comparative elevational patterns of distribution and growth form were compared for native and alien plant species in the four families (Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Fabaceae, and Poaceae) that contribute the majority of naturalized aliens in the study area. The distribution of realized climatic niche breadth, as measured by elevational range of occurrence, was virtually identical for alien and native species, with both groups showing a roughly Gaussian distribution peaking with species whose range covers a span of 1500–1999 m. In contrast to alien species, which only rarely occurred at higher elevations, native species showed a distribution of upper elevation limits peaking at 3000–3499 m, an elevation that corresponds to the zone of upper montane and subalpine forests. Consistent with a hypothesis of abiotic limitations, only a few alien species have been ecologically successful invaders at subalpine and alpine elevations above 2500 m. The low diversity of aliens able to become established in these habitats is unlikely due to dispersal limitations, given the long history of heavy grazing pressure at high elevations across this region. Instead, this low diversity is hypothesized to be a function of life history traits and multiple abiotic stresses that include extremes of cold air and soil temperature, heavy snowfall, short growing seasons, and low resource availability. These findings have significant implications for resource managers.

  7. ISO26000与学校环境管理关系浅析%Discussion on the Relationship of ISO26000 and School Environmental Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓燕

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces the connotation of ISO26000 and school environmental management and describes the rela-tionship between ISO26000 and school environmental management.It puts forward the opinion on managing the school environ-ment with the ISO 26000.%本文介绍了ISO26000社会责任国际标准和学校环境管理的内涵,阐述了ISO26000与学校环境管理的关系,提出了学校引入ISO26000,进行学校环境管理的观点。

  8. ISO 26000 as a Stakeholder Dialogue: An empirical study

    OpenAIRE

    Schmiedeknecht, Maud; Wieland, Josef

    2006-01-01

    The focus of this part of the research project lies on the process of developing a Social Responsibility Standard within a network made up of various stakeholders. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is known as the world´s leading institution for the development of standards. Besides setting standards in the fields of e.g. construction, agriculture and information technology, recently the Technical Management Board (TMB) of ISO proposed to further extend its activities b...

  9. Penerapan Total Quality Management dan ISO 9000 dalam Pendidikan Teknik

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Sonhadji K. Hasan

    2016-01-01

    An organization is able to improve and maintain its quality by building a quality improvement system, and determining the quality standards. For satisfying industry requirements in providing human resources, technical education must continuously improve its quality. The need can be effectively achieved by appliying TQM and ISO 9000. TQM is a quality improvement system for meeting customer requirements, and ISO 9000 is an international certification for standards of design, production, instala...

  10. ISO 22000与HACCP、GMP、SSOP的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谌瑜; 张智勇

    2007-01-01

    @@ 在ISO 22000:2005中,出现了几个新概念,如前提方案(PRP)、操作性前提方案(OPRP).那么,这些新概念与我们熟悉的GMP、SSOP有什么关系,ISO 22000与HACCP有哪些关系?本文尝试作一些解释.

  11. ISO 26000 som et virkemiddel for institusjonalisering av samfunnsansvar (CSR)

    OpenAIRE

    Ditlev-Simonsen, Caroline D.

    2011-01-01

    Det eksisterer diverse frivillige standarder og verktøy knyttet til bedrifters samfunnsansvar (CSR). Et nytt «skudd på stammen » er ISO 26000 Veiledning om samfunnsansvar. Denne standarden, som er utarbeidet av 500 eksperter fra 40 land, ble lansert i desember 2010. Denne artikkelen presenterer ISO 26000 og vurderer effekten av de viktigste foregående internasjonale standardene og veilederne innen CSR-in...

  12. ISO9001 Quality Management Systems; Benefits and Requirements

    OpenAIRE

    Viro, Antti

    2015-01-01

    Oulu University of Applied Sciences Industrial Management Author(s): Antti Viro Title of thesis: ISO9001 Quality Management Systems; Benefits and Requirements Supervisor(s): Hannu Päätalo Spring 2015: Pages: 61 + 1 appendices The purpose of this thesis was to find reasons and justifications for the ISO9001 certified quality management system. The major part of the case work was establishing QMS for Dedicated Networks Partners Oy. The other parts were literature and t...

  13. Establishing Equivalence for Microbial-Growth-Inhibitory Effects (“Iso-Hurdle Rules”) by Analyzing Disparate Listeria monocytogenes Data with a Gamma-Type Predictive Model

    OpenAIRE

    Pujol, Laure; Kan-King-Yu, Denis; Le Marc, Yvan; Johnston, Moira D.; Rama-Heuzard, Florence; Guillou, Sandrine; McClure, Peter; Membré, Jeanne-Marie

    2012-01-01

    Preservative factors act as hurdles against microorganisms by inhibiting their growth; these are essential control measures for particular food-borne pathogens. Different combinations of hurdles can be quantified and compared to each other in terms of their inhibitory effect (“iso-hurdle”). We present here a methodology for establishing microbial iso-hurdle rules in three steps: (i) developing a predictive model based on existing but disparate data sets, (ii) building an experimental design f...

  14. Iso-vector and Iso-scalar Tensor Charges of the Nucleon from Lattice QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Bhattacharya, Tanmoy; Cohen, Saul; Gupta, Rajan; Joseph, Anosh; Lin, Huey-Wen; Yoon, Boram

    2015-01-01

    We present results for the iso-vector and flavor diagonal tensor charges $g^{u-d}_T$, $g^{u}_T$, $g^{d}_T$, and $g^{s}_T$ needed to probe novel tensor interactions at the TeV scale in neutron and nuclear $\\beta$-decays and the contribution of the quark electric dipole moment (EDM) to the neutron EDM. The lattice QCD calculations were done using nine ensembles of gauge configurations generated by the MILC collaboration using the HISQ action with 2+1+1 dynamical flavors. These ensembles span three lattice spacings $a \\approx 0.06, 0.09$ and $0.12 $ fm and three quark masses corresponding to the pion masses $M_\\pi \\approx 130, 220$ and $310 $ MeV. Using estimates from these ensembles, we quantify all systematic uncertainties and perform a simultaneous extrapolation in the lattice spacing, volume and light quark masses for the connected contributions. The final estimates of the connected nucleon (proton) tensor charge for the iso-vector combination is $g_T^{u-d} = 1.020(76) $ in the $\\overline{\\text{MS}}$ scheme ...

  15. 从OHSAS 18001到ISO 45001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚晨辉

    2014-01-01

    ISO 45001立足于现行的OHSAS 18001职业健康与安全管理体系,同时结合ISO正在修订的ISO 9001质量管理体系和ISO 14001环境管理体系框架结构进行了调整。本文介绍了ISO 45001开发的背景,并概述了OHSAS 18001和ISO 45001之间的主要异同。据介绍ISO 45001在结构上与OHSAS18001有较大不同,在已公布的CD版中增加了组织环境、利益相关方等新条款。本文由国际注册审核员协会(IRCA)撰写并在2014年10月刊载于英国皇家特许质量协会(CQI)网站。

  16. The impact of ISO 14000 on developing world businesses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ISO 14000 has attracted interest from industry, international organizations and governments around the globe. Policy-makers and industry both appear to be looking to the standards as a key component of a new paradigm for cooperation between regulators and industry. This realization seems to have resulted from a growing awareness that the fragmented, reactive approach to environmental management in the past has not produced optimal results. Businesses are realizing the value of integrating their compliance procedures for each regulation into a broader system. Compliance problems can often be linked to system problems such as inadequate training, lack of responsibility at the right level, inadequate data, and other related causes. An effective Environmental Management System (EMS) eliminates these pitfalls. The evolution of the EMS is being shaped by market forces, ISO 9000, regulatory shifts, public awareness, and cost implications for ISO certifications. The transformation of these management practices is not limited to industrialized countries. In anticipation of the non-tariff trade barriers that could be erected as a result of these standards, many developing countries are seeking avenues of compliance with ISO 14000's requirements. Egypt should be concerned with the implementation of this system, for firms in countries of the European Community (EC) have been given explicit instructions by the three prevalent European standard-setting organizations to ''familiarize'' themselves with the requirements of ISO 14000. This paper will focus primarily on the expected effects of ISO 14001. (author)

  17. A Statewide Nested Case–Control Study of Preterm Birth and Air Pollution by Source and Composition: California, 2001–2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurent, Olivier; Hu, Jianlin; Li, Lianfa; Kleeman, Michael J.; Bartell, Scott M.; Cockburn, Myles; Escobedo, Loraine; Wu, Jun

    2016-01-01

    Background: Preterm birth (PTB) has been associated with exposure to air pollution, but it is unclear whether effects might vary among air pollution sources and components. Objectives: We studied the relationships between PTB and exposure to different components of air pollution, including gases and particulate matter (PM) by size fraction, chemical composition, and sources. Methods: Fine and ultrafine PM (respectively, PM2.5 and PM0.1) by source and composition were modeled across California over 2000–2008. Measured PM2.5, nitrogen dioxide, and ozone concentrations were spatially interpolated using empirical Bayesian kriging. Primary traffic emissions at fine scale were modeled using CALINE4 and traffic indices. Data on maternal characteristics, pregnancies, and birth outcomes were obtained from birth certificates. Associations between PTB (n = 442,314) and air pollution exposures defined according to the maternal residence at birth were examined using a nested matched case–control approach. Analyses were adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, education and neighborhood income. Results: Adjusted odds ratios for PTB in association with interquartile range (IQR) increases in average exposure during pregnancy were 1.133 (95% CI: 1.118, 1.148) for total PM2.5, 1.096 (95% CI: 1.085, 1.108) for ozone, and 1.079 (95% CI: 1.065, 1.093) for nitrogen dioxide. For primary PM, the strongest associations per IQR by source were estimated for onroad gasoline (9–11% increase), followed by onroad diesel (6–8%) and commercial meat cooking (4–7%). For PM2.5 composition, the strongest positive associations per IQR were estimated for nitrate, ammonium, and secondary organic aerosols (11–14%), followed by elemental and organic carbon (2–4%). Associations with local traffic emissions were positive only when analyses were restricted to births with residences geocoded at the tax parcel level. Conclusions: In our statewide nested case–control study population, exposures

  18. Information Security Management of Digital Libraries Based on the ISO 27001:2013 and ISO 27002:2013%新版ISO 27000要求下的数字图书馆信息安全管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任妮; 黄水清

    2015-01-01

    文章对比了2013版与2005版ISO27 000标准族的差异,分析了新老标准变化对数字图书馆信息安全风险评估和风险控制的影响,指出数字图书馆信息安全的风险评估可延用2005版的方法与模型,并在对数字图书馆信息安全风险控制核心控制要素和参考控制要素逐一分析的基础上,构建了符合新版标准要求的数字图书馆信息安全风险控制方法.%The 2013 version of ISO 27000 standards was compared with that of 2005 and the influence of the standards change on risk assessment and risk control of digital library information security was analyzed, and then it is pointed out that the information security risk assessment method and model of digital library based on version 2005 can be used in version 2013. Based on the analysis of the core control elements and reference ones one by one, this article built the information security risk control method of the digital library according to the new version standards.

  19. 77 FR 11532 - Notice of Attendance at ISO New England and NEPOOL Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Attendance at ISO New England and NEPOOL Meetings The... Commission staff may attend upcoming ISO New England Inc. (ISO-NE) and New England Power Pool (NEPOOL... Commission staff may monitor the various meetings posted on the ISO-NE Web site. NEPOOL...

  20. IAF发布从ISO 14001:1996到ISO 14001:2004转换计划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CNAB技术管理处

    2005-01-01

    目前,国际标准化组织(ISO)正在就ISO/FDIS 14001:2004征求意见。FDIS即国际标准最终草案稿。ISO计划2004年年底前发布该标准,即ISO 14001:2004,同时发布对此次换版的政策建议书。为此,国际认可论坛(IAF)针对从ISO 14001:1996到ISO 14001:2004的转换制定了相应的计划,具体内容为:

  1. A Brief History of California School Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canfield, Jacquie

    2013-01-01

    In January 2013, the governor proposed a new funding model for California school districts called the Local Control Funding Formula. As the Legislature debates the proposed new funding model for schools, which is expected to start in the 2013-14 fiscal year, the author thought it would be a good time for a history lesson in California school…

  2. Higher Education in California: Institutional Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Hans; Cook, Kevin; Murphy, Patrick; Weston, Margaret

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, in-state tuition at both the University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU) has more than tripled. These tuition increases have led many to believe that spending in the state's public higher education systems is out of control. However, a closer look reveals that institutional expenditures in the…

  3. Supporting Continuous Improvement in California's Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling-Hammond, Linda; Plank, David N.

    2015-01-01

    California's new accountability system originated in the radical decentralization of power and authority from Sacramento to local schools and their communities brought about by the Legislature's adoption of the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) in 2013. Under California's previous accountability policies and the federal "No Child Left…

  4. A numerical investigation of the effects of iso- and counter-rotation on the shape of the VCz growth interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehse, U.; Miller, W.; Frank, Ch.; Rudolph, P.; Neubert, M.

    2001-08-01

    The flow in the GaAs and boron oxide melt in an equipment used for the vapour pressure controlled Czochralski (VCz) growth has been calculated. Two-dimensional-axisymmetric calculations have been performed by using the commercial general purpose program FIDAP TM. The influence of iso- and counter-rotation on the shape of the interface has been studied.

  5. Energy care in relation to your management system. Linking lists between the Reference Energy Care and ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and HACCP; Energiezorg in relatie tot uw zorgsysteem. Linking lists tussen de Referentie Energiezorg en ISO 14001, ISO 9001 en HACCP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Several so-called care systems are in use at institutes and companies. For efficiency reasons it makes sense to integrate an energy care system to the existing care system. For the so-called Reference Energy Care, developed by the Netherlands Agency for Energy and the Environment (Novem) links to three of the most important care systems have been elaborated: environmental care according to ISO 14001, the quality care system ISO 9001:2000 and the food safety system Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP). The elaboration resulted in three tables, indicating the connections ('linking lists') between each of those care systems and the Reference Energy Care system and how energy care can be integrated into those systems. [Dutch] Bij instellingen en bedrijven zijn diverse zorgsystemen in gebruik. Het is zinvol om energiezorg - waar mogelijk - in een dergelijk bestaand systeem op te nemen. Meerdere zorgsystemen naast elkaar in stand houden is minder efficient dan de systemen integreren tot een systeem. Novem heeft daarom voor haar Referentie Energiezorg de link laten uitwerken naar drie van de meest voorkomende systemen: milieuzorg volgens ISO 14001, het kwaliteitszorgsysteem ISO 9001:2000 en het voedselveiligheidssysteem HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points). Hieruit zijn drie tabellen voortgekomen, die aangeven welke verbanden er zijn tussen elk van deze zorgsystemen en de Referentie Energiezorg en hoe u energiezorg kunt integreren in elk van deze systemen. Deze tabellen worden aangeduid als 'linking lists' en u kunt ze gebruiken als hulpmiddel bij het integreren van energiezorg in uw eigen zorgsysteem. U vindt ze in deze brochure.

  6. ISO 19011:2002标准的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乃骏

    2003-01-01

    @@ISO 19011:2002《质量和(或)环境管理体系审核 指南》(下称新版审核标准)已于2002年10月发布.该标准取代了三个质量审核标准 (ISO 10011-1、ISO 10011-2、ISO10011-3)和三个环境管理体系审核标准(ISO1401O、ISO 14011、ISO 14012).新版审核标准……

  7. Application of ISO22000 Systems in Cooked Meat Products%ISO22000体系在肉制品加工中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宝臻

    2008-01-01

    The safety of cooked meat products is related to the hazard of food in tache of consumption. As the hazard exists in any tache of food chain, any one of the chain should try his best to control the safety of the food. The safety of the cooked meat products is always one of the most important problems. ISO22000: 2005 "Food safety management systems-Requirements for any organization in the food chain" offers a standard for the cooked meat products safety management.

  8. Livscyklusvurderinger - en kommenteret oversættelse af ISO 14040 til 14043

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jerland, J.; Christiansen, K.; Weidema, B.;

    . Standarderne er DS/EN ISO 14040 Livscyklusvurdering. Principper og opbygning DS/EN ISO 14041 Livscyklusvurdering. Formål og afgrænsning DS/EN ISO 14042 Livscyklusvurdering. Vurdering af miljøpåvirkninger DS/EN ISO 14043 Livscyklusvurdering. Fortolkning af resultater Målet med publikationen er at give brugerne...... af livscyklusvurderinger et samlet værktøj som udgangspunkt for arbejdet med LCA efter ISO-standarderne i 14040 serien....

  9. ISO 9000∶2000--新的国际质量标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    从1987年以来,全世界已有25万个机构通过了ISO 9000鉴定。新标准ISO 9000∶2000要求被鉴定机构更新它们老的ISO 9000程序。ISO 9000∶2000比ISO 9000∶1994前进了一大步。

  10. Comparing four softwares based on ISO 9241 part 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safdari, Reza; Dargahi, Hussein; Shahmoradi, Leila; Farzaneh Nejad, Ahmadreza

    2012-10-01

    Evaluation of Iran's HIS (hospital Information System) ergonomic quality using IsoMetric 9241 part 10 and compared results of that evaluation with results of ergonomic quality evaluation other softwares which evaluated by IsoMetric 9241 part 10. This research study was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, the researchers evaluated the HIS of 13 hospitals in Iran using ISO 9241 part 10, and in the second stage, they compared the evaluation results with the following softwares: a) IS-H*med (evaluated by Hamborg et al. 2004) b) SAP-HR (evaluated by Gruber 2000) c) Microsoft Word for Windows, Version 2 (evaluated by Gediga et al. 1999). For first stage used usability questionnaire called IsoMetrics which is based on the international standard ISO 9241 Part 10. This questionnaire is including 75 items based on the seven principles. Data analyzed using SPSS and Excel. The comparison between HIS and IS-H*med reveal that the former is significantly more usable than the latter in terms of all IsoMetrics sales. The HIS also proved to be significantly more applicable than SAP-HR in terms of such IsoMetrics scales as "suitability for task," "suitability for learning", "Error tolerance" and "learning ability". However, HIS was found to be significantly less usable than Microsoft Word. The results of the study show that compared with the mentioned three softwares, Iran's hospital information system enjoys an average ergonomic quality. Therefore, it is recommended that the users' comments and expectations be considered more when information systems are designed and developed. PMID:21755414

  11. Analysis of Information Security Audit Using ISO 27001:2013 & ISO 27002:2013 at IT Division - X Company, In Bandung, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candiwan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Information security must be maintained in order not to be abused. In Indonesia, the majority of providers of public services agencies have not been or are developing an information security management framework. One of them is X Company, the state-owned-enterprise (SOE whose business is supporting internet service providers (ISP or triple plays (voice, data & video/IndiHome located in Bandung, it has several cases that information security is often happen, such as viruses, malware, hacker attacks, and lack of security awareness within the company. This leads to carried out an audit to improve the ISM system in the company. Techniques to retrieve and validity data is by structured interview and other data retrieve by observation, study documentation, and photographs (triangulation technique. Analysis was performed by reducing the data obtained, then analyzed with work paper gap analysis and calculated the value of maturity level (ML based on the controls of ISO 27001:2013 and ISO 27002:2013. The model used is the maturity level of Capability Maturity Model Integration. The results of ML for domain controls in X Company are as follows: Information security policy is passive (ML=0.43, human resource security is proactive (ML=3, access control security is active (ML=2.5, operational security is active (ML=2.9.

  12. Implantation of the NC ISO 9001 in the Radioactivity measurement service in junks of CPHR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last years in the international environment, radiological incidents have been reported, due to the presence of radioactive materials in the junk, that have implied the adoption of measures in matter of radiological safety, to avoid affectations in the public and the environment, as well as in the international trade. The establishment of the radiological control of junk during it commercialization requires of the implantation of a quality management program. In such sense, the present work exposes the experience of our institution in the design and organization of a service for the radioactivity measurement in junks based on a quality administration system based on the requirements of the quality standards ISO 9001:2000, ISO/IEC 17050 and ISO/IEC 17025:2000. In coherence with the postulates defined in the institutional strategy related to the implantation of a total quality system and the international demands on this matter. To such ends the processes that compose the service were identified, the corresponding and implemented procedures were elaborated, the registrations associated to the same one, being worked in the design of a quality assurance program that allowed the evaluation of the conformity of the product and the customer. (Author)

  13. Conversion of n-Butane to iso-Butene on Gallium/HZSM-5 Catalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M. Gheno

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available The conversion of n-butane to iso-butene on gallium/HZSM-5 catalysts at 350ºC and WHSV=2.5h8-1 was studied. The catalysts were prepared by ion exchange from a Ga(NO32 solution and further submitted to calcination in air at 530ºC. TEM analysis with an EDAX detector and TPR-H2 data showed that after calcination the Ga species were present mainly as Ga2O3, which are reduced to Ga2O at temperatures near 610ºC. The specific acid activity (SAA of the catalysts increased with the increase in aluminum content in the zeolite, and for a fixed Si/Al ratio, the SAA increased with Ga content. Values for specific hydro/dehydrogenation activity (SH/DHA were significantly higher than those for SAA, indicating that the catalytic process is controlled by the kinetics on acid sites. Moreover, the production of iso-butene with a selectivity higher than 25% was a evidence that in gallium/HZSM-5-based catalysts the rate of the hydrogenation reaction is lower than that of the dehydrogenation reaction; this behavior confirmed the dehydrogenation nature of gallium species, thereby showing great promise for iso-butene production.

  14. The evolutionary New England experience and the role of the independent system operator (ISO)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evolution of the New England pool (NEPOOL) that treats the whole of the New England Region as one utility control area, is discussed. NEPOOL was established in 1971 in response to the 1965 blackout. The goal of the NEPOOL is to improve electric power reliability and efficiency. Discussions to restructure the New England market place began in 1994 and again later in 1996 with FERC order 888 which proposed the establishment of an independent system operator (ISO) and with the NEPOOL 888 filing in December of 1996, which defined the role of the ISO, the underlying principles being non-discriminatory governance, system operations, and market administration and transmission service. This speaker described the structure of the nation's first ISO, the principles of its operations regarding open access, single tariff, pricing for efficient resource use, open access same-time information systems, as well as its roles that go beyond the FERC definitions. Characteristic features of the energy market in New England are also described, along with some 50 current new power plant projects under consideration; not unexpectedly, all of them will be powered by natural gas

  15. International Standardization of the Clinical Dosimetry of Beta Radiation Brachytherapy Sources: Progress of an ISO Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Christopher

    2006-03-01

    In 2004 a new work item proposal (NWIP) was accepted by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 85 (TC85 -- Nuclear Energy), Subcommittee 2 (Radiation Protection) for the development of a standard for the clinical dosimetry of beta radiation sources used for brachytherapy. To develop this standard, a new Working Group (WG 22 - Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry and Protocols in Medical Applications) was formed. The standard is based on the work of an ad-hoc working group initiated by the Dosimetry task group of the Deutsches Insitiut für Normung (DIN). Initially the work was geared mainly towards the needs of intravascular brachytherapy, but with the decline of this application, more focus has been placed on the challenges of accurate dosimetry for the concave eye plaques used to treat ocular melanoma. Guidance is given for dosimetry formalisms, reference data to be used, calibrations, measurement methods, modeling, uncertainty determinations, treatment planning and reporting, and clinical quality control. The document is currently undergoing review by the ISO member bodies for acceptance as a Committee Draft (CD) with publication of the final standard expected by 2007. There are opportunities for other ISO standards for medical dosimetry within the framework of WG22.

  16. Wildland fire management. Volume 2: Wildland fire control 1985-1995. [satellite information system for California fire problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saveker, D. R. (Editor)

    1973-01-01

    The preliminary design of a satellite plus computer earth resources information system is proposed for potential uses in fire prevention and control in the wildland fire community. Suggested are satellite characteristics, sensor characteristics, discrimination algorithms, data communication techniques, data processing requirements, display characteristics, and costs in achieving the integrated wildland fire information system.

  17. Implementing ISO standard-compliant freeform component drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youngworth, Richard N.; Kiontke, Sven R.; Aikens, David M.

    2016-07-01

    Successful fabrication of aspheres requires all parts of the process chain including design, production, and measurements. Aspheres now are well-established and accepted as an equal optical element, when done properly. Research and industry have now started to focus efforts to develop the next element that propels the field forward in capability, namely the optical freeform surface. An essential factor enabling wide use of freeforms is communicating requirements. This paper discusses form description and tolerancing additions to ISO 10110 to accommodate freeform surfaces. Information stating how ISO 10110 and related standards documents such as ISO 14999-4 are being continually developed to meet the requirements for specifying freeform surfaces is also provided. This paper further provides an example monolithic freeform element using the recently updated relevant parts of ISO 10110. The first manufacturing of this component has been successful, and this paper shows the role the ISO standard has played in success. Definitions for toleranced parameters, such as surface registration (centration) and form deviation (irregularity, slope, Zernike, PV, and PVr), are also indicated. The monolithic example also shows how to use the defined data and definitions for metrology and data handling. Metrology results for the freeform surface are given.

  18. ISO/IEC 17025与ISO/IEC导则25的主要变化%Major Differences Between ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO/IEC Guide 25

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘顺芳; 黄涛

    2001-01-01

    @@ ISO17025与ISO/IEC导则25相比,主要发生如下变化: 一、名称的变化 从"校准和检测(验)实验室能力的通用要求"改为"检测和校准实验室能力的通用要求".我们知道ISO/IEC导则25至今有四个版本即1978年版和1980年版,这两个版本都是针对检测实验室的;到了1990年版即我国的GB/T15481-1995版才注重于校准实验室和检测实验室两者的活动,但是还是偏重于检测实验室;到了1999版即ISO/IEC17025,是在ISO/IEC导则25和EN45001广泛的实施经验基础上制订的并替代了这两个文件,同时上升为国际标准.它包含了希望证明运作着质量体系,具有技术能力并能出具技术上有效结果的检测和校准实验室应满足的所有要求.

  19. A structurally controlled fan-delta complex at the southern margin of the peninsular range forearc basin complex (Baja California)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, W.R.; Busby-Spera, C. (Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (USA))

    1990-05-01

    A confined trunk fan delta and its structurally controlled tributary fan deltas are extremely well exposed along the southern margin of the Rosario embayment. This fan-delta complex consists of nonmarine to deep marine deposits almost continuously exposed for over 20 km in the down-paleoslope direction. Facies and stratal patterns in the fan-delta complex were controlled by local faulting, climatic variation, and eustasy, resulting in relative sea level fluctuations. Basin bathymetry and drainage patterns were controlled by a series of half-grabens that formed along north-south-trending faults that lay along the northern margin of an east-west-trending depression. Breccias were initially shed into the north-south-trending half-grabens; axial drainage systems were later established within the grabens, making up the tributary fan deltas. These tributary fan deltas fed a voluminous trunk fan delta confined to the east-west-trending depression. The trunk and tributary fan delta deposits show two major progradational to retrogradational cycles that record relative sea level fluctuations. Progradation in the shallow-marine environment is represented by conglomerate channels cut into ripple-laminated or bioturbated siltstone and HCS sandstones, overlain by conglomerate mouth bar deposits interstratified with nearshore sandstone deposits. Retrogradation in the shallow marine environment is recorded by either a vertical clastic facies transition or a clastic-carbonate facies transition. The clastic facies transition consists of nearshore sandstone deposits overlain by offshore bioturbated siltstones. The clastic-carbonate facies transition consists of the development of red algal patch reefs and rhodoliths on top of fan-delta conglomeratic lobes, mudstone and sandstone bank channel margins, or paleobasement highs. The clastic-carbonate facies transition reflects low sediment supply controlled by climatic conditions.

  20. Fungicide resistance profiling in Botrytis cinerea populations from blueberries in California and Washington and their impact on control of gray mold

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea is a major postharvest disease of blueberries grown in the Central Valley of California (CA) and western Washington State (WA). Sensitivities to boscalid, cyprodinil, fenhexamid, fludioxonil, and pyraclostrobin, representing five different fungicide classes, were...

  1. Optimizing wind turbine control system parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schluter, Larry L.; Vachon, William A.

    1993-05-01

    The impending expiration of the levelized period in the Interim Standard Offer Number 4 (ISO4) utility contracts for purchasing wind-generated power in California mandates, more than ever, that windplants be operated in a cost-effective manner. Operating plans and approaches are needed that maximize the net revenue from wind parks--after accounting for operation and maintenance costs. This paper describes a design tool that makes it possible to tailor a control system of a wind turbine (WT) to maximize energy production while minimizing the financial consequences of fatigue damage to key structural components. Plans for code enhancements to include expert systems and fuzzy logic are discussed, and typical results are presented in which the code is applied to study the controls of a generic Danish 15-m horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT).

  2. Mednarodni standardi - veličine in enote (ISO 31-0 do 31-13): International standards - quantities and units (ISO 31-0 to 31-13):

    OpenAIRE

    Glavič, Peter

    2002-01-01

    In this paper the international standards ISO 31 (Quantities and units) are presented with the following parts: ISO 31-0 (General principles), ISO 31-1 (Space and time), ISO 31-2 (Periodic and related phenomena), ISO 31-3 (Mechanics), ISO 31-4 (Heat), ISO 31-5 (Electricity and magnetism), ISO 31-8 (Physical chemistry and molecular physics), ISO 31-12 (Characteristic numbers)and others. The emphasis is given on the basic principles, which is important for writing of reports, presentations, art...

  3. The New Criteria on Quality Certification--ISO 9000:2000 Revised Standards%质量认证的新准则--2000版ISO 9000系列标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗春燕

    2001-01-01

    @@ 国际标准化组织(ISO)于2000年12月15日正式出版了ISO 9000系列质量管理体系国际标准的2000年修订本.即:ISO 9000:2000(取代1994版ISO 8402和ISO 9000-1)、ISO 9001:2000(取代1994版ISO 9001、9002、9003)、ISO9004:2000(取代1994版ISO 9004-1).

  4. Iso-suillin from Suillus flavus Induces Apoptosis in Human Small Cell Lung Cancer H446 Cell Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun-Xia Zhao; Qing-Shuang Zhang; Ying Chen; Sheng-Jie Yao; Yong-Xin Yan; Ying Wang; Jin-Xiu Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Background:The suillin isoform iso-suillin is a natural substance isolated from a petroleum ether extract of the fruiting bodies of the mushroom Suillusflavus.Previous studies have found its inhibition effect on some cancer cells,and we aimed to study its effects on human small cell lung cancer H446 cell line.Methods:Cell viability was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay.Cellular morphological changes (apoptosis and necrosis) were evaluated using an electron microscope and Hoechst 33258 staining detected by the inverted microscope.Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis,cell cycle distribution,and mitochondrial membrane potential.Protein expression was determined by Western blotting analysis.Results:Here,we describe the ability of iso-suillin to inhibit the growth of H446 cells in time-and dose-dependent way.Iso-suillin had no obvious impact on normal human lymphocyte proliferation at low concentrations (9.09,18.17,or 36.35 μmol/L) but promoted lymphocyte proliferation at a high concentration (72.70 μmol/L).After treatment of different concentrations of iso-suillin (6.82,13.63,or 20.45 μmol/L),the apoptosis rate of H446 cells increased with increasing concentrations of iso-suillin (16.70%,35.54%,and 49.20%,respectively,all P < 0.05 compared with the control),and the expression of related apoptotic proteins in the mitochondrial pathway including cytochrome c and caspase-9 were up-regulated compared with the control (all P < 0.05).On the contrary,Bcl-2/Bax ratio was down-regulated compared with the control.Besides,the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins in the death receptor apoptosis pathway,including Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain and caspase-8,and the expression of caspase-3,a downstream regulatory protein of apoptosis,were also increased compared with the control (all P < 0.05).Inhibitors of caspase-9 and caspase-8 reversed the apoptosis process in H446 cells to varying

  5. Controls on the Alluviation of Oxbow Lakes by Bed Load as Observed Along the Sacramento River of California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantine, J. A.; Dunne, T.; Piegay, H.; Kondolf, G. M.

    2007-12-01

    As the products of meander cutoff that are widespread within many floodplains, oxbow lakes can affect the ability of rivers to migrate across their valleys, as well as physical and chemical exchanges between the river and floodplain environment. The particular functions of the oxbow lake are determined by the manner it is filled by sedimentation. Although the alluviation of oxbow lakes has been observed in natural settings and generalized by means of rules in planform evolution models, no theory exists to explain how oxbow lakes are filled because the controls on the process have not been widely studied or physically interpreted. Utilizing existing theory and field data from lakes of the Sacramento River, we examined the controls on oxbow alluviation by bed load and found that the transport of bed material through a channel abandoned by cutoff is highly sensitive to the orientation of the abandoned-channel entrance. In particular, the diversion angle, the angle between the approaching active- channel flow and the abandoned-channel entrance, is a direct control on discharge through the abandoned channel, and thus can significantly reduce boundary shear-stress and limit the transport capacity of bed load. The higher the angle, the more greatly reduced is the capacity to transmit bed material, and the more quickly the channel is hydraulically disconnected as diverted bed load rapidly aggrades the channel entrance. In contrast, the lower the angle, the longer the duration the channel remains hydraulically connected, and the more likely it will experience filling and narrowing by bed load because sufficient flow allows for the downstream and transverse transport of bed material. Our findings from the Sacramento River compare well to observations from other large meandering rivers and may explain why some lakes are terrestrialized within decades of cutoff, whereas others remain as open-water habitat for considerably longer.

  6. Considerations about ISO 14001, and suggestions for the next revision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001:2004, the international standard for environmental management systems (EMS) with the purpose of improving the next edition in order to recognize and reflect new recognitions in approaches to pollution prevention. The stan......The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001:2004, the international standard for environmental management systems (EMS) with the purpose of improving the next edition in order to recognize and reflect new recognitions in approaches to pollution prevention....... The standard is a process standard that leaves room for interpretation at company level as well as among lead auditors from certifying bodies. A case study is presented and shows lack of life cycle thinking in product development. The paper suggests changes of ISO 14001:2004 in order to include a clear product...

  7. ISO 9001 benefits and pitfalls: the path to successful certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, M S

    1996-09-01

    The lifeblood of a business is developing and commercializing new products with minimum cost and time and maximum quality. Implementation of a quality management system is often used to achieve these goals, and the ISO 9001 standard for a business quality system is rapidly becoming the model of choice. The existence of an ISO-compliant system is a key to meeting the forthcoming regulatory requirements in the European Union and the US Food and Drug Administrations's proposed good management practices. DuPont has demonstrated leadership in the achievement of ISO registration. I describe the path to these successful registrations along with key lessons from the experience. Elements of success are management commitment, adequate resources, education, communication, total organizational involvement, and auditing of system performance. For the system to flourish and provide benefits to the users, sufficient time must be allocated for the organization to change.

  8. 飞天诚信通过ISO 14001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    近日,飞天诚信通过了IS0 14001环境管理体系的第三方认证,这是飞天公司在通过ISO 9001:2000质量管理体系认证后,在管理体系建设方面取得的又一重大成果。ISO国际标准化组织在汲取世界发达国家多年环境管理经验的基础上制订并颁布了ISO 14001环境管理系列标准,作为国际环境管理标准,ISO 14001是目前世界上最全面和最系统的环境管理国际化标准,

  9. Zavedení normy ISO 9001:2001

    OpenAIRE

    Hajkrová, Romana

    2007-01-01

    Cílem mé bakalářské práce je popis implementace normy ISO 9001:2001 ve společnosti ABC Security. V práci popisuji charakter společnosti, provádím analýzu a zabývám se možnostmi teoretických východisek. Závěrem navrhuji postup pro dosažení normy ISO. My bachelor´s thesis describes the implementation of the norm ISO 9001:2001 in the company ABC Security. I record a kind of the company; I do analysis and consider the possibilities of theoretical data. I propose the procedure how to reach the ...

  10. Comparative taphonomy, taphofacies, and bonebeds of the Mio-Pliocene Purisima Formation, central California: strong physical control on marine vertebrate preservation in shallow marine settings.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W Boessenecker

    Full Text Available Taphonomic study of marine vertebrate remains has traditionally focused on single skeletons, lagerstätten, or bonebed genesis with few attempts to document environmental gradients in preservation. As such, establishment of a concrete taphonomic model for shallow marine vertebrate assemblages is lacking. The Neogene Purisima Formation of Northern California, a richly fossiliferous unit recording nearshore to offshore depositional settings, offers a unique opportunity to examine preservational trends across these settings.Lithofacies analysis was conducted to place vertebrate fossils within a hydrodynamic and depositional environmental context. Taphonomic data including abrasion, fragmentation, phosphatization, articulation, polish, and biogenic bone modification were recorded for over 1000 vertebrate fossils of sharks, bony fish, birds, pinnipeds, odontocetes, mysticetes, sirenians, and land mammals. These data were used to compare both preservation of multiple taxa within a single lithofacies and preservation of individual taxa across lithofacies to document environmental gradients in preservation. Differential preservation between taxa indicates strong preservational bias within the Purisima Formation. Varying levels of abrasion, fragmentation, phosphatization, and articulation are strongly correlative with physical processes of sediment transport and sedimentation rate. Preservational characteristics were used to delineate four taphofacies corresponding to inner, middle, and outer shelf settings, and bonebeds. Application of sequence stratigraphic methods shows that bonebeds mark major stratigraphic discontinuities, while packages of rock between discontinuities consistently exhibit onshore-offshore changes in taphofacies.Changes in vertebrate preservation and bonebed character between lithofacies closely correspond to onshore-offshore changes in depositional setting, indicating that the dominant control of preservation is exerted by physical

  11. ISO 14000: Review and guidelines for the photovoltaic industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DePhillips, M.P.

    1997-08-01

    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has released and is in the process of ratifying a new set of environmental management system standards, ISO 14000. These voluntary international standards will have a significant impact on how companies throughout the international community manage their environmental programs. Initially this impact will result in increased international trade opportunities due to the anticipated customer requirement for suppliers to demonstrate certification. Other potential impacts will benefit both companies engaged in international commerce and companies with a domestic focus. These would include installing a cohesive system to manage environmental matters, participation within a new regulatory paradigm, and adhering to a potentially new set of legal standards. The wide range of potential environmental, commercial, legal and regulatory benefits offered by ISO 14000 offer most companies significant reason to explore the possibilities of implementing an environmental management system. Organizations will be able to anticipate and meet growing environmental expectations and to ensure ongoing compliance with national and international requirements as well as satisfy the growing demands of customers, stakeholders and the interested public. As an emerging industry with significant international ties, the photovoltaic (PV) community will be effected from these standards if they do become globally adopted. In fact some major players in the PV industry have recently received certification to ISO 9000. This again demonstrates a trend within the industry to move toward a uniform system approach to management. This paper will expose interested parties within the PV industry to the details of ISO 14000 and will assist decision makers assess the various possibilities for implementation certification of ISO 14000 for an individual facility.

  12. Progress report on the management of the NEA ISOE system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazo, E. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France)

    1995-03-01

    The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) was launched by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) on 1 January, 1992, to facilitate the communication of dosimetric and ALARA implementation data among nuclear utilities around the world. After two years of operation the System has become a mature interactive network for transfer of data and experience. Currently, 37 utilities from 12 countries, representing 289 power plants, and 12 national regulatory authorities participate in ISOE. Agreements for cooperation also exist between the NEA and the Commission of the European Communities (CEC), and the Paris Center of the WOrld Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO-PC). In addition, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is acting as a co-sponsor of ISOE for the participation of non-NEA member countries. Three Regional Technical Centres, Europe, Asia, and Non-NEA member countries, serve to administer the system. The ISOE Network is comprised of three data bases and a communications network at several levels. The three ISOE data bases include the following types of information: NEA1 - annual plant dosimetric information; NEA2 - plant operational characteristics for dose and dose rate reduction; and NEA3 - job specific ALARA practices and experiences. The ISOE communications network has matured greatly during 1992 and 1993. In addition to having access to the above mentioned data bases, participants may now solicit information on new subjects, through the Technical Centres, from all other participants on a real-time basis. Information Sheets on these studies are produced for distribution to all participants. In addition, Topical Reports on areas of interest are produced, and Topical Meetings are held annually.

  13. 浅议ISO/IEC 17025与ISO/IEC 17020的差异及有关问题探讨%Brief Discussion on the Difference of ISO/IEC 17025 and ISO/IEC 17020

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬洪涛; 焦铸; 游戎; 刘亚民

    2009-01-01

    @@ 0 引言 实验室认可在我国已实施10多年了,从ISO国际导则25过渡到ISO/IEC 17025∶ 2005和ISO/ IEC 17020∶ 1998,对于推动我国实验室认可工作,规范实验室管理和技术要求的建设,起到了积极作用并取得了良好效果.

  14. Ashkin–Teller model on the iso-radial graphs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We find the critical surface of the Ashkin–Teller model on the generic iso-radial graphs by using the results for the anisotropic Ashkin–Teller model on the square lattice. Different geometrical aspects of this critical surface are discussed, especially their connection to the anisotropy angle. The free energy of the model on the generic iso-radial graph is extracted using the inversion identities. In addition, lattice holomorphic variables are discussed at some particular points of the critical line. We check our conjectures numerically for the anisotropic triangular lattice Ashkin–Teller model

  15. Managing your library and its quality the ISO 9001 way

    CERN Document Server

    Balagué, Núria

    2011-01-01

    This book, divided into two parts, provides an introduction to the quality management issues and gives a general overview to the use of ISO 9001 in the library environment. The second part presents the main features of ISO 9001:2008 with practical comments and examples on how to implement its clauses in libraries. Whether in the public or in the private sector, libraries can be seen as service organisations: they act in very dynamic environments where users are increasingly demanding new types of services. Thus the adoption of a quality management system helps each library in meeting the needs

  16. U-value measurements on ISO round Robin window

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duer, Karsten

    1997-01-01

    9 laboratories in 6 european and 2 north american countries have participated in a round robin U-value test of a standard facade window. The objective of the round robin test was to verify that the ISO/CEN proposals for U-value measurement standard is robust.......9 laboratories in 6 european and 2 north american countries have participated in a round robin U-value test of a standard facade window. The objective of the round robin test was to verify that the ISO/CEN proposals for U-value measurement standard is robust....

  17. Implementing ISO/IEC 20000 certification the roadmap

    CERN Document Server

    Bon, Jan van

    2008-01-01

    ISO/IEC 20000 is the corporate standard for achieving quality within IT Service Management. As individuals achieve success in Service Management frameworks such as ITIL®, many organizations have identified the benefits of making the jump to full corporate accreditation. But, having made the decision to invest in this standard, what is the best way to implement adoption in an efficient and successful way?This thorough, practical guide has been put together by real experts with real experience of how ISO/IEC 20000 works in the workplace and in the real world. Part A of this title covers the step

  18. 新版ISO 14001一瞥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范与华

    2005-01-01

    2004年11月15日,国际标准化组织(ISO)发布了ISO 14001的2004版。广大用户对新标准可能产生的影响表示了极大的关注。本文拟通过对新、旧两版标准的对比,就新标准实施后须考虑的体系调整提出个人刍见,和广大用户进行探讨。

  19. ISO 14001:2015: An improved tool for sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Ciravegna Martins da Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: ISO 14001 is an International Standard of worldwide acceptance based on the concept that better environmental performance can be achieved when environmental aspects are systematically identified and managed giving a major contribution to Sustainability, through pollution prevention, improved environmental performance and complying with applicable laws.This paper aims to discuss the Sustainability approach through the use of Environmental Management Standards and the current process of ISO 14001:2015 revision. Design/methodology/approach: Revisiting the concept of Sustainability, the status of the revision process of ISO 14001:2015 and its expected outcomes are discussed. Findings and Originality/value: It is one of the first attempts to analyze, within the Sustainability framework, the status of the revision of the future ISO 14001:2015 International Standard that will respond to the latest trends and is expected to further improve Environmental performance by impacting the work of many People and Organizations worldwide and also ensuring it is compatible with other management system standards such as ISO 9001. Research limitations/implications: Since the revision standard is not yet finished some changes might still happen and some of the remarks expressed in this paper might not be consensual within the Environmental Community. Practical implications: There will be a 3 year transition process for the ISO 14001:2015 certification and major benefits like Quality Management Systems with less emphasis on documentation and new/reinforced approaches as consideration of organizational context and (relevant Stakeholders, risk based thinking, life cycle perspective and more emphasis on improving environmental performance. Social implications: The ISO 14001:2015 revision will have major impacts on the more than 300.000 worldwide certified organizations and on the many professionals that work with, hopefully Originality/value: Although 14001

  20. Revision of the ISO and EN radiation sterilization standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, A.; Hansen, J.

    2002-01-01

    The radiation sterilization standards, ISO 11137 and EN 552, are now being revised under "ISO lead", with the aim of producing only one international standard, although in four parts: (1) requirements. (2) dose-setting methods, (3) dose-substantiation methods and (4) dosimetry. Several aspects...... of the old standards that have caused problems, when they were used in practice, are addressed in the revision. Input from users of the standards is necessary in order that the standards be developed as useful tools in the documentation of radiation sterilization. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights...

  1. Empresas excelentes entre las certificadas en las normas ISO 9000

    OpenAIRE

    Climent Serrano, Salvador

    2005-01-01

    En este trabajo se realiza un estudio entre las empresas certificadas en la norma ISO 9000 de la Comunidad Valenciana mediante una encuesta, con el objetivo de diferenciar los resultados sobre incremento de competitividad por la certificación en las normas ISO 9000, dependiendo de la involucración de las empresas en los sistemas de gestión de la calidad total, así como averiguar que factores inciden para que las empresas certificadas se impliquen en mayor medida en estos sistemas

  2. Studies of iso-alpha-acids: analysis, purification, and stability.

    OpenAIRE

    Khatib, Alfi

    2006-01-01

    The female cones of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) are added to beer, providing taste and flavour and contributing to the stability of foam. The main constituents of hop related to these properties are generically known as alpha-acids. During the brewing process, these acids are isomerized, resulting in the formation of three pairs of trans-/cis-iso-alpha–acids. The aim of this thesis project was to develop a method for the analysis (Chapter 2 and 7) as well as the purification of iso-alpha-acids (...

  3. ISO 9000质量体系认证——通向世界的钥匙!%ISO 9000—THE ROAD TO THE WORLD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1 1994版ISO 9000系列标准简介 1.1 ISO 9000系列标准包括的标准范围 ISO 9000系列标准共包括5项标准。它们是: ISO 9000—1:1994《质量管理和质量保证标准第一部分:选择和使用指南》 ISO 9001:1994《质量体系设计、开发、生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》 ISO 9002:1994《质量体系生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》 ISO 9003:1994《质量体系最终检验和试验的……

  4. Iso-vector and iso-scalar tensor charges of the nucleon from lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhattacharya, Tanmoy; Cirigliano, Vincenzo; Gupta, Rajan; Yoon, Boram [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States). Theoretical Div. T-2; Cohen, Saul D. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory; Joseph, Anosh [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Lin, Huey-Wen [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Collaboration: PNDME Collaboration

    2015-07-15

    We present results for the iso-vector and flavor diagonal tensor charges g{sup u-d}{sub T}, g{sup u}{sub T}, g{sup d}{sub T}, and g{sup s}{sub T} needed to probe novel tensor interactions at the TeV scale in neutron and nuclear β-decays and the contribution of the quark electric dipole moment (EDM) to the neutron EDM. The lattice QCD calculations were done using nine ensembles of gauge configurations generated by the MILC collaboration using the HISQ action with 2+1+1 dynamical flavors. These ensembles span three lattice spacings a∼0.06, 0.09 and 0.12 fm and three quark masses corresponding to the pion masses M{sub π}∼130, 220 and 310 MeV. Using estimates from these ensembles, we quantify all systematic uncertainties and perform a simultaneous extrapolation in the lattice spacing, volume and light quark masses for the connected contributions. The final estimates of the connected nucleon (proton) tensor charge for the iso-vector combination is g{sup u-d}{sub T}=1.020(76) in the MS scheme at 2 GeV. The additional disconnected quark loop contributions needed for the flavor-diagonal matrix elements are calculated using a stochastic estimator employing the truncated solver method with the all-mode-averaging technique. We find that the size of the disconnected contribution is smaller than the statistical error in the connected contribution. This allows us to bound the disconnected contribution and include it as an additional uncertainty in the flavor-diagonal charges. After a continuum extrapolation, we find g{sup u}{sub T}=0.774(66), g{sup d}{sub T}=-0.233(28) and g{sup u+d}{sub T}=0.541(67). The strangeness tensor charge, that can make a significant contribution to the neutron EDM due to the large ratio m{sub s}/m{sub u,d}, is g{sup s}{sub T}=0.008(9) in the continuum limit.

  5. ISO 26000融入图书馆实践的思考%Integration of ISO 26000 into Library Practices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘川; 夏红兵

    2014-01-01

    图书馆的决策和活动能够影响社会和环境,是图书馆承担社会责任的缘由.ISO 26000拓展了图书馆社会责任理论与实践的领域.详述ISO 26000各条款内容,阐述其对图书馆社会责任发展的意义.指出图书馆应从宣传教育、制定图书馆社会责任指南、加强规章体系建设等方面全面融入ISO 26000,以推动图书馆的社会责任实践.

  6. 2000版ISO 9000族标准的修订与转换实施%Modification and implementation of ISO 9000:2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽生

    2001-01-01

    @@1 2000版ISO 9000族标准修订过程 2000版ISO 9000族标准(2000版ISO 9000、ISO 9001和ISO 9004三个国际标准已经各成员机构表决并获通过)已于2000年12月15日正式发布。该标准族的修订大致经历如下过程。 国际标准化组织(英文缩写为ISO)分别于1986年发布ISO 8402《质量——术语》和1987年发布ISO 9000《质量管理和质量保证标准——选择和使用指南》、ISO 9001《质量体系——设计开发、生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》、ISO 9002《质量体系——生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》、ISO 9003《质量体系——最终检验和试验的质量保证模式》、ISO 9004《质量管理和质量体系要素——指南》等6项国际标准,通称为ISO 9000系列标准或称为1987版ISO 9000系列国际标准。

  7. Teale California shoreline

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — California Spatial Information System (CaSIL) is a project designed to improve access to geo-spatial and geo-spatial related data information throughout the state...

  8. California Condor Critical Habitat

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — These Data identify (in general) the areas where critical habitat for the California Condor occur. Critical habitat for the species consists of the following 10...

  9. Opportunities for Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California - Southeast Water Pollution Control Plant Case Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olsen, Daniel; Goli, Sasank; Faulkner, David; McKane, Aimee

    2012-12-20

    This report details a study into the demand response potential of a large wastewater treatment facility in San Francisco. Previous research had identified wastewater treatment facilities as good candidates for demand response and automated demand response, and this study was conducted to investigate facility attributes that are conducive to demand response or which hinder its implementation. One years' worth of operational data were collected from the facility's control system, submetered process equipment, utility electricity demand records, and governmental weather stations. These data were analyzed to determine factors which affected facility power demand and demand response capabilities The average baseline demand at the Southeast facility was approximately 4 MW. During the rainy season (October-March) the facility treated 40% more wastewater than the dry season, but demand only increased by 4%. Submetering of the facility's lift pumps and centrifuges predicted load shifts capabilities of 154 kW and 86 kW, respectively, with large lift pump shifts in the rainy season. Analysis of demand data during maintenance events confirmed the magnitude of these possible load shifts, and indicated other areas of the facility with demand response potential. Load sheds were seen to be possible by shutting down a portion of the facility's aeration trains (average shed of 132 kW). Load shifts were seen to be possible by shifting operation of centrifuges, the gravity belt thickener, lift pumps, and external pump stations These load shifts were made possible by the storage capabilities of the facility and of the city's sewer system. Large load reductions (an average of 2,065 kW) were seen from operating the cogeneration unit, but normal practice is continuous operation, precluding its use for demand response. The study also identified potential demand response opportunities that warrant further study: modulating variable-demand aeration loads, shifting

  10. Difference and Sameness of ISO9001, CMM and SPICE%试析ISO 9001 CMM SPICE之异同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓桦

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1 ISO9001、CMM、SPICE概述 随着计算机技术的飞速发展,对软件的需求急剧增长.为了使软件开发适应形势的需要,20世纪90年代前后,国际上出现了一些可用于软件管理的质量管理标准和软件过程模型.其中,ISO9001、CMM、SPICE使用最广泛、影响最大.

  11. Interpretation of the New Version of ISO 21461%新版ISO 21461标准解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪颖; 艾峰; 李瑜; 何重辉; 曹丽华

    2013-01-01

    本文主要介绍了ISO 21461-2012《橡胶--硫化橡胶化合物中油的芳香性测定》标准的背景及适用范围,选取重点并结合检测实际对新版标准进行解读。%This paper mainly introduces the background and application scope of ISO 21461-2012 Rubber-Determination of the aromaticity of oil in vulcanized rubber compounds, and interpreted on the focus with the new standard.

  12. Requerimientos establecidos por las normas ISO para papeles permanentes Established requirements for ISO standards for permanent papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Facundo Araujo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El patrimonio documental nacional e internacional se encuentra en su gran mayoría en soporte papel. A partir de la industrialización en la manufactura de dicho material se ha producido papel con niveles de acidez, que sumado a otros factores, ha sido causante del deterioro de este tipo de patrimonio documental. En las últimas décadas, con la incorporación de nuevos procesos dentro de la producción papelera se ha resuelto en parte dicha problemática. El organismo internacional de normalización ISO ha redactado dos normas al respecto: la norma ISO 9706 e ISO 11108. Con la difusión y recomendación de uso del papel permanente para la conservación del patrimonio documental a largo plazo, se hace imprescindible conocer dicha normativa e informarse al respecto. En el presente artículo se describen las variables en la fabricación del papel que influyen en la permanencia de los papeles. También se determinan los conceptos y antecedentes que rodean ambas normas ISO, así como las características principales y partes que componen las mismas. Como anexo se consigna un glosario con los principales términos técnicos utilizados.Most of the national and international documentary heritage are on paper. From industrialization in the manufacture of such material, paper with acidity levels has been produced which, together with other factors, has been causing the deterioration of this type of documentary heritage. In recent decades, with the incorporation of new paper production processes this problem has been partly solved. The international standards organism ISO has drafted two rules in this connection: ISO 9706 and ISO 11108. With the spread and recommendation for the use of permanent paper for preservation of documentary heritage in the long term, it is essential to know the standards and be well informed. This article describes the variables in the manufacture of paper that influence the permanence of the papers. It also identifies the

  13. Launching the chaotic realm of iso-fractals: A short remark

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this brief note, we introduce the new, emerging sub-discipline of iso-fractals by highlighting and discussing the preliminary results of recent works. First, we note the abundance of fractal, chaotic, non-linear, and self-similar structures in nature while emphasizing the importance of studying such systems because fractal geometry is the language of chaos. Second, we outline the iso-fractal generalization of the Mandelbrot set to exemplify the newly generated Mandelbrot iso-sets. Third, we present the cutting-edge notion of dynamic iso-spaces and explain how a mathematical space can be iso-topically lifted with iso-unit functions that (continuously or discretely) change; in the discrete case examples, we mention that iteratively generated sequences like Fibonacci’s numbers and (the complex moduli of) Mandelbrot’s numbers can supply a deterministic chain of iso-units to construct an ordered series of (magnified and/or de-magnified) iso-spaces that are locally iso-morphic. Fourth, we consider the initiation of iso-fractals with Inopin’s holographic ring (IHR) topology and fractional statistics for 2D and 3D iso-spaces. In total, the reviewed iso-fractal results are a significant improvement over traditional fractals because the application of Santilli’s iso-mathematics arms us an extra degree of freedom for attacking problems in chaos. Finally, we conclude by proposing some questions and ideas for future research work

  14. Launching the chaotic realm of iso-fractals: A short remark

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Schmidt, Nathan [Department of Mathematics, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725 (United States); Katebi, Reza [Department of Physics, California State University in Fullerton, 800 North State College Boulevard, Fullerton, CA 92831 (United States); Corda, Christian [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Advanced Mathematics Einstein-Galilei (IFM), Via Santa Gonda 14, 59100 Prato (Italy)

    2015-03-10

    In this brief note, we introduce the new, emerging sub-discipline of iso-fractals by highlighting and discussing the preliminary results of recent works. First, we note the abundance of fractal, chaotic, non-linear, and self-similar structures in nature while emphasizing the importance of studying such systems because fractal geometry is the language of chaos. Second, we outline the iso-fractal generalization of the Mandelbrot set to exemplify the newly generated Mandelbrot iso-sets. Third, we present the cutting-edge notion of dynamic iso-spaces and explain how a mathematical space can be iso-topically lifted with iso-unit functions that (continuously or discretely) change; in the discrete case examples, we mention that iteratively generated sequences like Fibonacci’s numbers and (the complex moduli of) Mandelbrot’s numbers can supply a deterministic chain of iso-units to construct an ordered series of (magnified and/or de-magnified) iso-spaces that are locally iso-morphic. Fourth, we consider the initiation of iso-fractals with Inopin’s holographic ring (IHR) topology and fractional statistics for 2D and 3D iso-spaces. In total, the reviewed iso-fractal results are a significant improvement over traditional fractals because the application of Santilli’s iso-mathematics arms us an extra degree of freedom for attacking problems in chaos. Finally, we conclude by proposing some questions and ideas for future research work.

  15. New water and remote galaxies complete ISO's observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ISO's operational teams at ESA's ground station at Villafranca near Madrid have been hurrying to provide the world's astronomers with as many observations as possible. They have long anticipated the exhaustion of ISO's vital supply of liquid helium, which cooled the infrared telescope and its instruments to their operating temperatures, close to absolute zero. Two weeks after ISO was put into orbit on 17 November 1995 by an Ariane 44P launcher, the external parts of the cooling system had settled to the operating temperature. The specification required that ISO should then operate for at least 18 months -- implying that operations might have to end in May 1997. Thanks to superb engineering by European industry, which built the spacecraft and its super-cool telescope, ISO has given astronomers almost a year longer than that. During the extra time the count of ISO's observations of cosmic objects has risen from 16,000 to about 26,000. Among the benefits of ISO's longevity has been the chance to examine an important region of the sky, in and around the constellation of Orion. This was not accessible in the nominal mission but has now been observed in two periods. Four inter national teams, supported by national funding agencies, supplied the instruments to analyse the infrared rays received by ISO's telescope. The principal investigators leading the teams are Dietrich Lemke (Heidelberg, Germany) for the versatile photometer ISOPHOT, Catherine Cesarsky (Saclay, France) for the camera ISOCAM, Thijs de Graauw (Groningen, the Netherlands) for the Short Wavelength Spectrometer SWS, and Peter Clegg (London, UK) for the Long Wavelength Spectrometer LWS. Water vapour on Titan A big difference between ISO and the only previous infrared astronomy satellite (IRAS 1983) has been its ability to examine individual objects across a wide range of accurately defined infrared wavelengths. Many spectra showing patterns of intensities at the different wavelengths have enabled astronomers

  16. Hydrates in the California Borderlands Revisited: Results from a Controlled-Source Electromagnetic Survey of the Santa Cruz Basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kannberg, P. K.; Constable, S.

    2014-12-01

    Methane hydrate, an ice-like clathrate of water and methane, forms in shallow continental slope sediments, and is both a potential energy source and geologic hazard. Hydrates presence is traditionally inferred from the presence of the bottom simulating reflector (BSR), a seismic velocity inversion resulting from free gas pooling at the base of the hydrate stability field. The BSR is not a measure of hydrate, but rather a proxy for free gas presence. Whereas seismic methods are sensitive to velocity anomalies, controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) methods are sensitive to conductivity anomalies. The electrically resistive methane hydrate makes a favorable target for CSEM surveys, which are capable of detecting and potentially quantifying the presence of methane hydrate directly. Building on previous work 100km to the south in the San Nicolas Basin, we present initial results from a 6-day June 2014 survey in the Santa Cruz Basin, located 100km west of Los Angeles. CSEM surveys are performed by deep-towing an EM source that is transmitting a known signal; this signal is detected by towed and seafloor receivers. The initial EM source signal is altered by the electrical properties of the surrounding environment. Conductors such as brine and seawater are attenuating mediums, while resistors such as methane hydrate, gas, and oil are preservative of the original signal. Twenty-one seafloor receivers, as well as a 4 receiver towed array were deployed to image the resistivity structure of the Santa Cruz Basin. Using 30-year-old 2D seismic profiles as a guide, potential hydrate targets were identified, and the transmitter and array were towed over 150 km on 6 lines with 5 seafloor receivers each. The 6 towed lines were coincident with legacy seismic lines. The towed array is sensitive to sediment depths less than 1km, allowing for high data density through the hydrate stability field. The larger transmitter-receiver offsets of the seafloor receivers allow sensitivity to at

  17. Le prime norme sviluppate dall'ISO/TC 142

    OpenAIRE

    Tronville, Paolo Maria

    2013-01-01

    Il settore della depurazione dell'aria si arricchisce di tre nuove norme tecniche elaborate dall'ISO/TC 142 "Cleaning equipment for air and other gases". Le norme, sviluppate sotto Vienna Agreement, hanno richiesto circa cinque anni per giungere alla pubblicazione e saranno a breve disponibili sul catalogo UNI

  18. The soul of the machine: continual improvement in ISO 14001.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, M.A.C.; Koppen, van C.S.A.

    2008-01-01

    Continual improvement is a key component of ISO 14001, but in contrast to most other specifications in the standard, it is difficult to assess. Based on interviews with 19 certified companies in the chemical, food, and environmental services sectors, this article explores the dynamics of continual i

  19. The soul of the machine: continual improvement in ISO 14001

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, M.A.C.; van Koppen, C.S.A.

    2008-01-01

    Continual improvement is a key component of ISO 14001, but in contrast to most other specifications in the standard, it is difficult to assess. Based on interviews with 19 certified companies in the chemical, food, and environmental services sectors, this article explores the dynamics of continual i

  20. ISO standards on test methods for water radioactivity monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Water is vital to humans and each of us needs at least 1.5 L of safe water a day to drink. Beginning as long ago as 1958 the World Health Organization (WHO) has published guidelines to help ensure water is safe to drink. Focused from the start on monitoring radionuclides in water, and continually cooperating with WHO, the International Standardization Organization (ISO) has been publishing standards on radioactivity test methods since 1978. As reliable, comparable and ‘fit for purpose’ results are an essential requirement for any public health decision based on radioactivity measurements, international standards of tested and validated radionuclide test methods are an important tool for production of such measurements. This paper presents the ISO standards already published that could be used as normative references by testing laboratories in charge of radioactivity monitoring of drinking water as well as those currently under drafting and the prospect of standardized fast test methods in response to a nuclear accident. - Highlights: • The ISO published standards on test methods to monitor the radioactivity of drinking water. • ISO Standards used by test laboratories to carry out radionuclide measurements are presented. • The WHO refers to these test methods in its 4th edition of the Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality. • National authority trusts the quality of data obtained by laboratories using common standards

  1. ISO/IEC 38500 the IT governance standard

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, Alan

    2008-01-01

    The emergence of ISO/IEC 38500 - the international standard for the corporate governance of information and communication technology - puts boards around the world in a position from which they can take effective action to apply core governance principles to their information and communication technology.

  2. Long Period Variables detected by ISO in the SMC

    CERN Document Server

    Cioni, M R L; Groenewegen, M A T; Habing, H J; Hron, J; Kerschbaum, F; Loup, C; Omont, A; Van Loon, J T; Whitelock, P A; Zijlstra, A A

    2003-01-01

    This article presents the study of the light-curves extracted from the MACHO database of a sample of stars observed by the ISO in the SMC. These stars belong to the ISO-Mini-Survey catalogue of the Magellanic Clouds (ISO-MCMS, Loup et al. in preparation). Most of them are in the AGB and supergiant phases. The dominant period and amplitude of pulsation have been derived and the stars have been classified as Mira or Semi-Regular pulsators. Furthermore, the cross-identification with near-infrared DENIS and 2MASS magnitudes available within the ISO-MCMS allowed us: (i) to investigate the properties of these stars in the combined near- and mid-infrared colour-magnitude diagrams, (ii) to derive the bolometric magnitude by integrating the spectral energy distribution and (iii) to estimate the mass-loss rate. The stars have been divided into carbon- (C-) and oxygen-rich (O-rich) using the (J-Ks, Ks) colour-magnitude diagram and their period and amplitude distributions have been compared. C-rich AGB stars have a sharp...

  3. ISO observations of Titan with SWS/grating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coustenis, A.; Encrenaz, T.; Salama, A.; Lellouch, E.; Gautier, D.; Kessler, M. F.; deGraauw, T.; Samuelson, R. E.; Bjoraker, G.; Orton, G.

    1997-01-01

    The observations of Titan performed by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) short wavelength spectrometer (SWS), in the 2 micrometer to 45 micrometer region using the grating mode, are reported on. Special attention is given to data from Titan concerning 7 micrometer to 45 micrometer spectral resolution. Future work for improving Titan's spectra investigation is suggested.

  4. The hidden networks of knowledge in ISO 14001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2003-01-01

    The ISO 14001 standard is defined as a management standard based on an assumed existing knowledge base of what is to be considered being environmental problems. In the implementation of the standard is become evident, that its use and impact is entirely dependent of the existence of networks...

  5. The ISO 5-pass authentication in χ-Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cáccamo, Mario J.; Crazzolara, Federico; Milicia, Giuseppe

    2002-01-01

    We implement the ISO 5-pass authentication protocol and study its correctness using the χ-Space framework. χ-Spaces is a novel domain specific programming language designed for developing protocols and in particular security protocols. χ-Spaces programming language is an implementation of SPL...

  6. Quality Management in Supply Chain Based on ISO9000

    OpenAIRE

    Guangshu Chang

    2009-01-01

    This paper discussed the application of the eight modern quality management principles of ISO9000 in supply chain quality management, namely customer focus, leadership, involvement of people, process management, system management, continual improvement, factual approach to decision making, and mutually beneficial supplier relationships.

  7. Re-engineering caused by ISO-9000 certification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvam, Lars; Nielsen, Anders Paarup; Bjarnø, Ole-Christian

    1997-01-01

    Based on a project performed at a medium-sized producer of medical utensils, reviews some of the problems which the company experienced in connection with the system built up during ISO 9001 certification, and the re-engineering efforts which were performed in order to relieve these problems...

  8. ISO 9001:2000--setting the standard for quality management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelstein, M E

    2001-04-01

    How will you approach the next quality management initiative? This article offers an introduction to the ISO 9001:2000 quality management system standards that can be applied to the HIM industry and how these standards can improve your department's policies and procedures.

  9. ISO Spectroscopy of H2 in Star Forming Regions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van den Ancker, M. E.; Wesselius, P. R.; Tielens, A. G. G. M.

    2000-01-01

    Abstract: We have studied molecular hydrogen emission in a sample of 21 YSOs using spectra obtained with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). H2 emission was detected in 12 sources and can be explained as arising in either a shock, caused by the interaction of an outflow from an embedded YSO with t

  10. First results of ISO-SWS observations of Jupiter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Encrenaz, T.; de Graauw, T.; Schaeidt, S.; Lellouch, E.; Feuchtgruber, H.; Beintema, D. A.; Bezard, B.; Drossart, P.; Griffin, M.; Heras, A.; Kessler, M.; Leech, K.; Morris, P.; Roelfsema, P. R.; Roos-Serote, M.; Salama, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Valentijn, E. A.; Davis, G. R.; Naylor, D. A.

    1996-01-01

    The spectrum of Jupiter has been recorded between 2.75 and 14.5 mu m with the grating mode of the Short-Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) of ISO. The resolving power is 1500. The main preliminary results of this observation are (1) at 3 mu m, the first spectroscopic signature, probably associated with N

  11. First Results of ISO-SWS Grating Observations of Jupiter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Encrenaz, Th.; de Graauw, Th.; Schaeidt, S.; Lellouch, E.; Feuchtgruber, H.; Beintema, D. A.; Bezard, B.; Drossart, P.; Griffin, M.; Heras, A.; Kessler, M.; Leech, K.; Morris, A.; Roelfsema, P. R.; Roos-Serote, M.; Salama, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Valentijn, E. A.; Davies, G. R.; Naylor, D. A.

    1996-01-01

    The spectrum of Jupiter has been recorded on April 12, 1996, between 2.75 and 14.5 mu m, with the grating mode of the Short-Wavelength Spectrometer of ISO (Infrared Space Observatory). The resolving power is 1500 and the sensitivity limit is better than 1 Jy. The corresponding S/N ratio is better th

  12. An ISO and IUE study of planetary nebula NGC 2440

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salas, JB; Pottasch, [No Value; Feibelman, WA; Wesselius, PR

    2002-01-01

    The infrared and ultraviolet spectra of planetary nebula NGC2440 are presented. The observations were made by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) and the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE). These data, in conjunction with published optical observations have been used to derive electron temper

  13. First Results of ISO-SWS Grating Observations of Saturn

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graauw, Th.; Encrenaz, Th.; Schaeidt, S.; Lellouch, E.; Feuchtgruber, H.; Beintema, D. A.; Bezard, B.; Drossart, P.; Griffin, M.; Heras, A.; Kessler, M.; Leech, K.; Morris, A.; Roelfsema, P. R.; Roos-Serote, M.; Salama, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Valentijn, E. A.; Davies, G. R.; Naylor, D. A.

    1996-01-01

    The spectrum of Saturn has been recorded between 2.3 and 15 mu m, on June 13, 1996, with the grating mode of the Short-Wavelength Spectrometer of ISO (Infrared Space Observatory). The resolving power is about 1500 and the sensitivity is better than 1 Jy. As compared to Jupiter, the spectrum of Satur

  14. Statistical measurements of library activities: implementation of ISO 2789 : 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Kodrič-Dačič

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The author presents statistical measurements of library activities in Slovenia and some problems which emerge when implementing the novelties of the new edition of ISO 2789 : 2003 from the standpoint of a librarian, who provides statistics on the national level. Collecting library statistics already has a long tradition in Slovenia and is presently carried out by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia and by the National Centre for Library Development at the National and University Library, which is also responsible for the content of statistical questionnaires. The questionnaires are based on UNESCO statistical questionnaires and ISO standards while in the last decade there have been some changes due to the requirements of the LIBECON project. As a response to the needs of the information society, libraries develop new services which have to be measured and monitored. The third edition of the standard ISO 2789 : 2003 has defined new measures which are needed to perform statistical research of library activities in the digital environment. In order to preserve international comparability of statistical data it is necessary to implement the novelties of the ISO standard in the national statistics. However, there are at least three problems: how to preserve comparability of the data with previous statistics, how to collect them and how to educate librarians to report the relevant data.

  15. ISO19770-1:2012 SAM process guidance

    CERN Document Server

    Canavan, Rory

    2012-01-01

    The pocket guide offers a concise summary of the principles of software asset management as conveyed by ISO 19770-1: 2012, and provides advice and guidance on how to kick-start your own SAM programme - something the Standard alone doesn't offer.

  16. Study on Extraction Performance of Tri-iso-amyl Phosphate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The distribution performance of HNO3, Pu(Ⅲ ), Pu(Ⅳ) and Np(Ⅳ) in the two phase system of Tri-iso-Amyl Phosphate(TiAP) and aqueous, the influence of the concentration of extractant, nitric acid and Al(NO3)3 on the distribution ratio of Pu(Ⅲ ),

  17. IMPLEMENTING AN ISO 10001-BASED PROMISE IN INPATIENTS CARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ashiqur Rahman Khan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the implementation of a Customer Satisfaction Promise (CSP that requires nurses to introduce themselves and explain the care plan to the patients of a hospital unit in Canada. The CSP implementation, maintenance and improvement activities were based on ISO 10001:2007. Qualitative and quantitative performance data were collected from nurses, the unit manager and patients, and improvement suggestions were made. During the implementation, nurses introduced themselves 95% of the time and explained the care plan 86% of the time. When interviewed, some nurses stated that the CSP was a good reinforcement of a practice already expected of them, which made patients happy, satisfied and more comfortable. Data from a small sample of patients was not adequate in clearly indicating the CSP's performance or improvement, but was useful in validating the survey and the feedback form. To our knowledge, applications of ISO 10001:2007 in health care have not been studied. Furthermore, this paper may be the first example of the integrated use of ISO 10001 and ISO 10002 in health care.

  18. Information Asymmetries as Trade Barriers: ISO 9000 Increases International Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potoski, Matthew; Prakash, Aseem

    2009-01-01

    Spatial, cultural, and linguistic barriers create information asymmetries between buyers and sellers that impede international trade. The International Organization for Standardization's ISO 9000 program is designed to reduce these information asymmetries by providing assurance about the product quality of firms that receive its certification.…

  19. Security Design of Remote Maintenance Systems for Nuclear Power Plants Based on ISO/IEC 15408

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watabe, Ryosuke; Oi, Tadashi; Endo, Yoshio

    This paper presents a security design of remote maintenance systems for nuclear power plants. Based on ISO/IEC 15408, we list assets to be protected, threats to the assets, security objectives against the threats, and security functional requirements that achieve the security objectives. Also, we show relations between the threats and the security objectives, and relations between the security objectives and the security functional requirements. As a result, we concretize a necessary and sufficient security design of remote maintenance systems for nuclear power plants that can protect the instrumentation and control system against intrusion, impersonation, tapping, obstruction and destruction.

  20. A new iso-scallop height tool path planning method in three-dimensional space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MIN Cheng

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a new approach for designing the tool paths in the machining of sculptured surfaces for computer nu- merical controlled end milling. In the proposed method, the tool paths are determined so that the scallop height formed by two adja- cent machining paths is maintained constant across the machined surface. Unlike previous work on iso-scallop height milling, the present work considers the true 3D configuration of the milling procedure and can be used to generate better results, which is shown by examoles.

  1. A NEW FOOD CHAIN APPROACH: UNI EN ISO 22005:2008 VOLUNTARY CERTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Guidi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work summarize an experience of auditing according to new UNI EN ISO 22005:2008. This new food chain certification scheme, arisen from two different European schemes of internal and external traceability certification, requires companies to build up their own check plans considering all components in food chain processing. This new approach, also derived from the European legislation, wants to verify if traceability system is under control and to verify if corrective actions to warrant hygienic production standards are built up.

  2. Systems Engineering and Management Applications of ISO 9001:2015 for Government

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Christena C.

    2016-01-01

    . Identification of stakeholder expectations, identifying solutions, creating specific product or service designs, production of the product or service, delivery to the public, and the associated management, planning, and control processes, are a familiar place to begin thinking of the overall system of identifying, designing, and competing a project or mission. Lining up this lifecycle with the ISO requirements (see Figure 1) illustrates how a quality management system is concerned with the same processes, and provides a governance and assurance function. If implemented properly, there are cost savings resulting from less rework, repair, reprocessing, failures, misplaced documents, and similar types of deficiencies1. Starting with an organization's systems engineering processes allows the organization to use their own terminology for a QMS plan, and tailor the plan to their own project or organization, so that it is more easily developed, understood, and implemented.

  3. 78 FR 23940 - Use of International Standard ISO-10993, “Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Part 1...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Use of International Standard ISO-10993, ``Biological... International Standard ISO-10993, `Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Part 1: Evaluation and Testing... entitled ``Use of International Standard ISO-10993, `Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices Part...

  4. Implementace normy ISO 14001 v průmyslovém podniku

    OpenAIRE

    HOUZIM, Pavel

    2013-01-01

    The work deals with the implementation of an environmental management system according to ISO 14001 in a particular enterprise. The aim was to design an appropriate way of implementation of ISO 14001 certifications topped successful.

  5. [Efforts to achieve and effects of acquiring ISO 15189 in Tokushima University Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shono, Kazuko; Kishi, Misako; Satou, Mituyo; Nagamine, Yasunori; Doi, Tosio

    2009-12-01

    The medical laboratory of Tokushima University Hospital acquired ISO 15189, an international standard for medical laboratories, on July 6th, 2007, resulting in it achieving the 24th place in Japan and 5th place among national university hospitals. The first surveillance was just performed on October 6th, 2008. Tokushima University Hospital, in which our medical laboratory is included as one section, already succeeded in acquiring ISO 9001, PrivacyMark System, and Quality Health Care ver. 5 before accomplishing ISO 15189. To achieve ISO 15189, we prepared documents based on ISO 9001 without any consultation, resulting in a review of the difference between ISO 9001 and ISO 15189 after the preliminary survey. Although achieving ISO 15189 resulted in an improvement in the reliability of laboratory results and accuracy, leading to the development of our technical skills and awareness, and sharing of knowledge, we consider that the considerable investment of time to prepare the requirements remains to be overcome.

  6. Comparison Analysis of Information Security Risks and Implementation of ISO27001 on Higher Educational Institutions in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candiwan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Information on Higher Education in the form of student grades, the results of research, intellectual property, financial reporting, data to the Department of Higher Education, should always be protected with good Information Security Management (ISM. The ISM at the Higher Educational Institutions or Universities need to have serious attention. This research explains how to calculate the risk value based on the value of assets, the likelihood of threats occurrence and vulnerabilities of assets, adopting standard from ISO 27005:2011 and NIST SP800-30:2013. Based on the risk assessment of ISO 27005:2011 and the maturity level of implementation controls of ISO 27001:2013, it showed the controls that should be done to secure information on Higher Educational Institutions. From four Universities surveyed, three of them have high risk and one has medium. Based on the research result that was done for the risk valuation and implementation of controls, we can determine the priority for improvement actions. The risks that often occur were lack of supporting facility control such as loss power supply caused by susceptibility to voltage variation, and eavesdropping. Then the controls that should be enhanced were human resource security particularly in terms and conditions of employment and information security policy

  7. Fires in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    In what seemed like the blink of an eye, wildfires ignited in the paper-dry, drought-stricken vegetation of Southern California over the weekend of October 20, 2007, and exploded into massive infernos that forced hundreds of thousands of people to evacuate their communities. Driven by Santa Ana winds, fires grew thousands of acres in just one to two days. The fires sped down from the mountains into the outskirts of coastal cities, including San Diego. Dozens of homes have burned to the ground, and at least one person has died, according to local news reports. Several of the fires were burning completely out of control as of October 22. This image of the fires in California was captured at 1:55 p.m. U.S. Pacific Daylight Time on October 22, 2007. Places where MODIS detected actively burning fires are outlined in red. Thick streamers of smoke unfurl over the Pacific Ocean. The brownish plumes are clouds of dust. Fires northwest of Los Angeles seemed calmer at the time of this image than they were the previous day.

  8. ISO/IEC17025:2005与IS0/IEC17025:1999的差异%The Difference between ISO/IEC17025:2005 and ISO/IEC17025:1999

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘松松

    2006-01-01

    @@ 2005年5月15日国际标准化组织(ISO)和国际电工委员会(IEC)联合发布了ISO/IEC 17025:2005.ISO/IEC17025:2005修改版考虑了ISO9001:2000的观点,对某些条款进行了细小的修改或补充.主要修改了管理要求,技术要求部分内容变化不大,标准的编排也基本没有变动.

  9. Nonparametric decision tree: The impact of ISO 9000 on certified and non certified companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José António Figueiredo Almaça

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This empirical study analyzes a questionnaire answered by a sample of ISO 9000 certified companies and a control sample of companies which have not been certified, using a multivariate predictive model. With this approach, we assess which quality practices are associated to the likelihood of the firm being certified. Design/methodology/approach: We implemented nonparametric decision trees, in order to see which variables influence more the fact that the company be certified or not, i.e., the motivations that lead companies to make sure. Findings: The results show that only four questionnaire items are sufficient to predict if a firm is certified or not. It is shown that companies in which the respondent manifests greater concern with respect to customers relations; motivations of the employees and strategic planning have higher likelihood of being certified. Research implications: the reader should note that this study is based on data from a single country and, of course, these results capture many idiosyncrasies if its economic and corporate environment. It would be of interest to understand if this type of analysis reveals some regularities across different countries. Practical implications: companies should look for a set of practices congruent with total quality management and ISO 9000 certified. Originality/value: This study contributes to the literature on the internal motivation of companies to achieve certification under the ISO 9000 standard, by performing a comparative analysis of questionnaires answered by a sample of certified companies and a control sample of companies which have not been certified. In particular, we assess how the manager’s perception on the intensity in which quality practices are deployed in their firms is associated to the likelihood of the firm being certified.

  10. Management Technologies - Are they worth it? A normative study of ISO 9001 and Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Kavanagh, Donncha; Naughton, Ed; Corkery, Elaine; O'Sullivan, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    This research inquires into the value of two common 'management technologies', namely ISO 9001 and project management. To avoid certain methodological problems, we study the value of these micro-level practices by inductively analysing macro-level data, specifically the intensity of project management and ISO 9001 certification (termed project management score and ISO 9001 score) in different countries against national measures of wealth and innovation. There is no correlation between ISO 900...

  11. New Standard ISO 9001:2015 and its Effect on Organisations

    OpenAIRE

    Medić, Srđan; Karlović, Biljana; Cindrić, Zrinko

    2016-01-01

    ISO 9001 is the international standard which specifies requirements for quality management systems (QMS). Organisations implement requirements of the standard to demonstrate the ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements. It is the most popular standard of the ISO 9000 series and the only standard in the series to which organisations can certify. The new version of ISO 9001 was released in September 2015 and changes made in ISO 900...

  12. Management Technologies - Are they worth it? A normative study of ISO 9001 and Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Kavanagh, Donncha; Naughton, Ed; Corkery, Elaine; O'Sullivan, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    This research inquires into the value of two common ‘management technologies’, namely ISO 9001 and project management. To avoid certain methodological problems, we study the value of these micro-level practices by inductively analysing macro-level data, specifically the intensity of project management and ISO 9001 certification (termed project management score and ISO 9001 score) in different countries against national measures of wealth and innovation. There is no correlation between ISO 900...

  13. ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts.

    OpenAIRE

    McCrosson, Scott; Cano, Michele; O'Neill, Eileen; Kobi, Abdessamad

    2013-01-01

    Since its introduction in 1987 the ISO 9000 series of standards has become a worldwide success, with it now considered as the minimum standard for a quality management system. The number of ISO 9001 certified companies is increasingly annually. This paper presents the results of research aimed at assessing if the motives for obtaining ISO 9001 certification, and the perceived impacts to be derived from ISO 9001 certification, are seen to vary across different industrial sectors. The study use...

  14. Potential controls on millennial and multicentennial time scales of the North American Monsoon: a 6 Ky record from the lower Gulf of California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nava-Fernandez, C. E.; Herguera Garcia, J. C., Sr.

    2015-12-01

    The Western North American climate is influenced by the sea surface temperatures in the NE tropical Pacific, the summer expansion of the subtropical high, the mid-latitude Westerlies and land snow covering. The interplay of these features of the climate exert further control to the largest phenomenon of convective summer precipitation in NW Mexico and SW US: the North American Monsoon (NAM) which is the most important source of fresh water for the region. There is a pressing need to better understand especially in times of rapid warming how this monsoonal system is going to respond. Here we explore on the different modes of variability of the monsoonal regime in high-resolution reconstructions of the marine sediment record and their possible controls during the Holocene. The role of the teleconnections between the high and low latitudes climate, the interaction with the ITCZ, ENSO, PDO and AMDO are critical for the understanding of global climate. We produced an XRF record of the relative abundance of Si and Al in high resolution laminated sediments obtained from the western margin of Pescadero basin (24N,108W) in the southern domain of the Gulf of California as proxies of terrigenous input. The laminated nature of this deposits at intermediate depths on its slopes sets the foundation for a potentially good record of changes in the transfer of lithogenic materials between the continent and the ocean in this region. Here we present recently acquired data from the terrigenous fraction on the marine sediment composite record from Pescadero basin (522 m water depth / 220 cm long). We determined the relative abundance of Si and Al from X-ray fluorescence from records that were absolutely dated with the aid and eight radiocarbon ages, which allowed us to produce a continuous record with a decadal temporal resolution. The time series analysis of the entire record of Si and Al show significant periodicities which were further cross-correlated with other paleoclimate proxy

  15. Cosmic water traced by Europe's space telescope ISO

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-05-01

    In retracing this history, ISO also observes water in the form of ice in cooler regions around the stars, and in the dust surrounding young stars, from which planets could evolve. Comets represent an intermediate stage in planet-building, and they contain much water ice. According to one hypothesis the newly formed Earth received some of its water directly from impacting comets. Water vapour in the Earth's atmosphere has prevented telescopes on the ground from detecting the water vapour among the stars, except in very unusual circumstances. ISO orbiting in space escapes the impediment of the atmosphere. Excellent onboard instruments register the characteristic infrared signatures of water vapour, water ice and many other materials. When ISO scrutinizes selected objects, it detects emissions or absorptions of infrared rays at particular wavelengths, or "lines" in a spectrum, which reveal the presence of identifiable atoms, molecules and solids. The Short Wavelength Specrometer and the Long Wavelength Spectrometer provide detailed chemical diagnoses, and the photometer ISOPHOT and camera ISOCAM also have important spectroscopic capabilities. Examples of water detection were among many topics reviewed at the First ISO Science Workshop held at ESA's Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in Noordwijk, the Netherlands (29-31 May) when 300 astronomers from Europe, the USA and Japan gathered to assess results from ISO since its launch on 17 November 1995. The Long Wavelength Spectrometer has made remarkable observations of water-vapour lines in the vicinity of dying stars and in star-forming regions. So has the Short Wavelength Spectrometer, which also detects water ice. The photometer lSOPHOT has registered water ice in a large number of objects. Although fascinated by the natural history of water in the cosmos, astronomers have more technical reasons for welcoming ISO's observations. They can use thc details in a spectrum to reduce the abundance of water and its

  16. Technical Security Metrics Model in Compliance with ISO/IEC 27001 Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Azuwa

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Technical security metrics provide measurements in ensuring the effectiveness of technical security controls or technology devices/objects that are used in protecting the information systems. However, lack of understanding and method to develop the technical security metrics may lead to unachievable security control objectives and inefficient implementation. This paper proposes a model of technical security metrics to measure the effectiveness of network security management. The measurement is based on the security performance for (1 network security controls such as firewall, Intrusion Detection Prevention System (IDPS, switch, wireless access point and network architecture; and (2 network services such as Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS and virtual private network (VPN. The methodology used is Plan-Do-Check-Act process model. The proposed technical security metrics provide guidance for organizations in complying with requirements of ISO/IEC 27001 Information Security Management System (ISMS standard. The proposed model should also be able to provide a comprehensive measurement and guide to use ISO/IEC 27004 ISMS Measurement standard.

  17. 75 FR 16096 - New England Power Generators Association Inc., Complainant v. ISO New England Inc., Respondent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission New England Power Generators Association Inc., Complainant v. ISO New England Inc., Respondent; ISO New England Inc. and New England Power Pool; Notice of Complaint March 24... Generators Association Inc. (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against ISO New England Inc....

  18. 76 FR 4104 - Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings January 13... Commission staff may attend the following Midwest ISO-related meetings during the 2011 year: Advisory.... Paul, MN) September 14 October 19 November 16 December 6 Midwest ISO Informational Forum (3 p.m.-5...

  19. 75 FR 3228 - Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings January 12... Commission staff may attend the following Midwest ISO-related meetings: Advisory Committee (10 a.m.-3 p.m... October 20 November 17 December 1 Midwest ISO Informational Forum (3 p.m.-5 p.m., ET) January 19...

  20. 78 FR 38027 - ISO New England Inc.; Notice of Initiation of Proceeding and Refund Effective Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission ISO New England Inc.; Notice of Initiation of Proceeding and Refund... determine the justness and reasonableness of section III.A.15 of Appendix A of ISO New England Inc.'s existing tariff. Dominion Energy Marketing, Inc. and ISO New England Inc., 143 FERC ] 61,233 (2013)....

  1. ISO sertifikaat kuulutab tootja mainet üle maailma / Ain Alvela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 12. apr. lk. 24-25. ISO standardi rakendamine tagab toodangu kvaliteedi ja annab firmale usaldusväärsuse. Kommenteerib Ain Noormägi. Vt. samas: ISO 9001; ISO 14 001; Universaalne standard kohandub ettevõtte vajadustega

  2. Juhtimissüsteemide selgroog. Lean ning ISO - terviklahendused tootmise haldamiseks / Anton Ovsjankin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ovsjankin, Anton

    2011-01-01

    Kasvanud on juurutatavate Lean ja ISO süsteemide arv, kuid on kasvanud ka nende juurutamise ja arendamisega seotud ebaõnnestumiste arv. Põhjustest, miks jäävad paljud Leani ja ISO juurutanud ettevõtted ilma lubatud tulemusteta. Leani ja ISO haldamiseks vajalikest teguritest

  3. Spectroscopic and computational studies of matrix-isolated iso-CHBr3: Structure, properties, and photochemistry of iso-bromoform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iso-polyhalomethanes are known reactive intermediates that play a pivotal role in the photochemistry of halomethanes in condensed phases. In this work, iso-bromoform (iso-CHBr3) and its deuterated isotopomer were characterized by matrix isolation infrared and UV/visible spectroscopy, supported by ab initio and density functional theory calculations, to further probe the structure, spectroscopy, and photochemistry of this important intermediate. Selected wavelength laser irradiation of CHBr3 isolated in Ar or Ne matrices at ∼5 K yielded iso-CHBr3; the observed infrared and UV/visible absorptions are in excellent agreement with computational predictions, and the energies of various stationary points on the CHBr3 potential energy surface were characterized computationally using high-level methods in combination with correlation consistent basis sets. These calculations show that, while the corresponding minima lie ∼200 kJ/mol above the global CHBr3 minimum, the isomer is bound by some 60 kJ/mol in the gas phase with respect to the CHBr2+ Br asymptote. The photochemistry of iso-CHBr3 was investigated by selected wavelength laser irradiation into the intense S0→ S3 transition, which resulted in back photoisomerization to CHBr3. Intrinsic reaction coordinate calculations confirmed the existence of a first-order saddle point connecting the two isomers, which lies energetically below the threshold of the radical channel. Subsequently, natural bond orbital analysis and natural resonance theory were used to characterize the important resonance structures of the isomer and related stationary points, which demonstrate that the isomerization transition state represents a crossover from dominantly covalent to dominantly ionic bonding. In condensed phases, the ion-pair dominated isomerization transition state structure is preferentially stabilized, so that the barrier to isomerization is lowered.

  4. Non-target host risk assessment of the idiobiont parasitoid Bracon celer (Hymenoptera:Bracondiae) for biological control of olive fly in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The non-target risk posed by the African fruit-fly parasitoid, Bracon celer Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), was assessed as part of a classical biological program for the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in California, USA. Behavioral and reproductive ...

  5. 企業経営とISO14000

    OpenAIRE

    佐々木,浩幸

    1999-01-01

    今日の日本の企業のほとんどは,国際化の中での経営活動を展開している。このため,国際標準化機構(ISO)の定めた国際規格を取得することが,国際的な経営活動をする企業として生き残るために不可欠な要素となった。今日ISOのうちでも注目されているのは, 9000と14000である。ISO9000は品質システムに関する国際規格で,ISO14000は,環境マネジメントシステムに関する国際規格である。本論文では,全人類の課題である環境問題の重要性の視点から,このISO14000と企業経営について論じた。まず, ISO14000取得のメリットデメリットについて論じ,世界及び日本におけるISO14000の取得状況について述べた。特に日本の状況については,都道府県別にその特徴の分析を,基本的データを分かりやすく加工して,行った。そして,日本の企業の将来のためには,ISO14000取得は必須条件であり,取得のための問題点,その解決策,将来展望について論じた。...

  6. 从管理学的视角解读ISO 9001:2008%Interpretation of ISO 9001:2008 from the View of Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦斌生

    2009-01-01

    @@ ISO 9001:2008新版标准终于在2008年11月15日正式发布.根据ISO(国际标准化组织)官方发布的公告,基于ISO 9001:2000标准发布8年来,全球170个国家一百多万个组织认证的经验.

  7. ISO/FDIS 9001:2008 and Its Implementation%2008版ISO9001标准及其实施建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田武

    2008-01-01

    文章介绍了2008版ISO/FDIS 9001标准的起草情况以及相对于2000版标准的主要变化,根据2008年5月第25届ISO/TC 176大会的决议,提出了我国企业实施新版ISO 9001标准的对策建议.

  8. Case Study:Adoption of ISO9001 in Post Enterprise%邮政企业推行ISO9001标准案例探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔光路

    2007-01-01

    文章结合江苏省宝应县邮政的实际,分析了邮政企业推行ISO9001标准的可行性与必要性,介绍了宝应县邮政推行ISO9001标准取得的实效,探讨了推行ISO9001标准需注意的问题.

  9. The application of the ISO 14001 environmental management system to small hydropower plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organisations minimise how their operations negatively affect the environment and to comply with applicable laws and regulations. More specifically, ISO 14001 is the international specification for an environmental management system (EMS). It specifies requirements for establishing an environmental policy, determining environmental aspects and impacts of products/activities/services, planning environmental objectives and measurable targets, implementation and operation of programs to meet objectives and targets, checking and corrective action, and management review. The overall idea is to establish an organized approach to systematically reduce the impact of the environmental aspects that an organization can control. Tools are available for the analysis of environmental aspects and for the generation of options for improvement. As with ISO 9000 (quality management), certification is performed by third-party organizations. Hydroelectricity enables to generate clean energy with no direct emissions of greenhouse gases and without consuming fossil fuels. However, this activity is implemented within a sensitive natural environment: the watercourses are shared with several users such as the fishermen, the kayakers, farmers and industry. Generating hydroelectricity induces very little discharges into the environment. Conversely, its implementation on the watercourses can alter the flow rates and the ecosystem: leading to disruption in the free passage of fish, change in the hydrodynamics of a watercourse, emission of noise, production of waste, pollution through oil leak, damage inflicted on the landscape, etc. These environmental impacts form the subject of several monitoring and control operations that are designed to limit and preserve the natural environment. Additionally, relations with the water users and the administrations are sometimes difficult and this would require a dialogue to be established to

  10. New Thinking on Quality Management Standards——Interview with Dr.Gary Cort, the Chair of ISO/TC 176

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China Standardization:We know that ISO/TC 176 is one of the most important and influential technical committees of ISO,ISO 9000 family standards developed by ISO/TC 176 are well-known worldwide and set a successful example for international standards promotion and application,would you please tell us about the Scope of ISO/TC 176,and the global impact of ISO 9000 family standards developed by ISO/TC 176.Gary Cort:ISO/TC 176 is responsible for a suite of quality managemeng system standards including ISO 9000,ISO 9001,and ISO 9004.

  11. Lessons from the first year of competition in the California electricity markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Situated at the western edge of the continent and the eastern rim of the Pacific, California has always possessed allure as a place of frontiers. California's developing competitive electricity markets represent another frontier that has attracted widespread interest. At the first birthday of these markets, it seems appropriate to review their current state of development, even though they are surely in a transitional state. The authors do not undertake to make a comprehensive assessment of the efficiency of these markets, given their evolving nature. Rather, in reviewing one year of data, their goal is to examine the economic and technical relationships between the various power markets arising under the California Power Exchange (PX) and the California Independent System Operator (ISO). The analysis also considers the decision faced by generators selling into both the PX and ancillary service markets, identifying those areas where there may be losses in both efficiency and profits

  12. ISO 9000 Family Standards in China——Interview with Wang Zhongmin, President of CNIS, at ISO/TC 176 Meeting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China Standardization:Could you please talk about the promotion and development of ISO 9000 family standards in China?Wang Zhongmin:China began the implementation of national standards equivalent to ISO 9000-1987 on August 1,1989.On December 2,1989,CSBTS/TC 151 was established responsible for the development,revision,promotion and implementation of national standards concerning quality management and quality assurance,coordinating with ISO/TC 176.China started the implementation of equivalent national standards in 1992,converted ISO 9000 series standards respectively in 1994,2000 and 2008,and made great efforts in promotion and implementation of those standards.

  13. 正确宣传ISO9001:2000和ISO14001认证--ISO新指南介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田武

    2004-01-01

    @@ 2003年底,ISO发布了有关正确宣传ISO9001:2000质量管理体系认证和ISO 14001环境管理体系认证的新指南,名称为"宣传你的ISO9001:2000和ISO 14001认证".该指南是为了指导组织向其受益方(包括组织的员工、顾客和商业伙伴)和公众正确宣传其认证的情况.

  14. ISO 14001 and OSHMS certifications of Fengshen Tire Co.,Ltd%以"互动共进式"实施ISO 14001和OSHMS认证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范俊

    2004-01-01

    阐述ISO 14001环境管理体系和职业安全健康管理体系(OSHMS)认证的意义及以互动共进式实施ISO14001和OSHMS的理论基础.ISO 14001和OSHMS条款一一对应,审核和认证过程基本相同.介绍风神轮胎股份有限公司以互动共进式进行ISO 14001和OSHMS认证的具体过程.

  15. Application of ISO22000 and Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (fmea) for Industrial Processing of Poultry Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varzakas, Theodoros H.; Arvanitoyannis, Ioannis S.

    Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) model has been applied for the risk assessment of poultry slaughtering and manufacturing. In this work comparison of ISO22000 analysis with HACCP is carried out over poultry slaughtering, processing and packaging. Critical Control points and Prerequisite programs (PrPs) have been identified and implemented in the cause and effect diagram (also known as Ishikawa, tree diagram and fishbone diagram).

  16. Comparison of seismic actions and structural design requirements in Chinese Code GB 50011 and International Standard ISO 3010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚勇

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a comparison between the Chinese Code GB50011-2001 and the International Standard ISO3010: 2001(E), emphasizing the similarities and differences related to design requirements, seismic actions and analytical approaches. Similarities include: earthquake return period, conceptual design, site classification, structural strength and ductility requirements, deformation limits, response spectra, seismic analysis procedures, isolation and energy dissipation,and nonstructural elements. Differences exist in the following areas: seismic levels, earthquake loading, mode damping factors and structural control.

  17. Presentation of an approach for adapting software production process based ISO/IEC 12207 to ITIL Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Haghighatfar

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The standard ISO/IEC 12207 is software life cycle standard that not only provides a framework for executable effective method for production and development software, but also can ensure that organizational goals are realized properly. In this paper, ITIL standard shall be used for better process control and management and providing a common language and syntax between stakeholders. In addition, the process of mapping between these two standards shall be considered.

  18. ISO 50001 for Commercial Buildings: Lessons Learned From U.S. DOE Pilot Project: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deru, M.; Field, K.; Punjabi, S.

    2014-08-01

    In the U.S., the ISO 50001 Standard, which establishes energy management systems (EnMSs) and processes, has shown uptake primarily in the industrial sector. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) undertook a pilot program to explore ISO 50001 implementation in commercial buildings. Eight organizations participated as pilots, with technical assistance provided by DOE, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech). This paper shares important lessons learned from the pilot. Staff time was the most critical resource required to establish effective EnMSs in commercial buildings. The pilot also revealed that technical support and template/example materials were essential inputs. Crucial activities included evaluating performance, identifying goals, making connections, communicating operational controls, and tracking/reviewing progress. Benefits realized included enhanced intra-organizational connections, greater energy awareness, increased process efficiencies, and improved ability to make business cases. Incremental benefits for ISO 50001 certification were greater accountability, assurance of best practices, public relations opportunities, and potential to unlock verified savings credits or incentive money. Incremental certification costs included more staff/consultant time, money for certification, and a tendency to limit EnMS scope in order to ensure favorable audit results. Five best practices were identified - utilizing expert technical assistance, training, and other resources; focusing on implementation over documentation; keeping top management involved; considering organizational structure when selecting EnMS scope; and matching the implementation level to an EnMS's scope and scale. The last two practices are particularly relevant to the commercial buildings sector.

  19. ISO9001:2008标准的用户调查介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田武

    2010-01-01

    @@ ISO 9001:2008 已于2008年11月15日正式发布,承担该标准修订工作的TC 176/SC 2质量体系分委员会WG 18/TG 1.19解散.在2009年ISO/TC 176会议上,成立了新的工作组,即ISO 9001标准未来修订工作组(Future revision to ISO 9001),探讨ISO 9001:2008标准的未来修订事宜.

  20. ISO/CD 14001:200X标准的主要变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李缅英; 陶佳宁

    2003-01-01

    @@ ISO 19011《质量和/或环境管理体系审核指南》已经发布.这个标准,替代了ISO 14000系列标准中的三个: [1]《ISO 14010:1996环境审核指南通用原则》; [2]《ISO 14011:1996环境审核指南审核程序》; [3]《ISO 14012:1996环境审核指南环境审核员资格要求》.

  1. Implementing or updating ISO 9001 for small and medium-sized enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Röyttä, Juuso

    2016-01-01

    ISO 9001 standard sets the requirements for quality management system. There were one million certified companies in the world in 2014 for ISO 9001. In September 2015, ISO organization published a new revision for ISO 9001. With the new revision, companies in the world have three year transition time starting from September 2015. The objective of my thesis is find out what the small and medium-sized companies need to do to get certified for the new ISO 9001:2015 standard. To find out thi...

  2. Composite repairs qualification according to ISO/TS 24817

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meniconi, Luiz C.M.; Perrut, Valber A. [Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (PETROBRAS/CENPES), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisas

    2009-07-01

    Composite repairs for metallic pipes from three different suppliers were evaluated according to ISO Technical Specification TS 24817. The intended application scenarios are offshore production plants, but the design methodology is also applicable to onshore pipelines and pipework. The evaluation covered all the relevant mechanical properties and established the maximum application temperatures for each repair system. The tests also considered the application of composite repair sleeves to metallic pipes with through thickness defects, by measuring the strain energy release rates of the composite-metal interfaces. The test campaigns aimed to verify the applicability of the recently published ISO document, and to implement it as the routine procedure for composite repairs evaluation within PETROBRAS. The tests also addressed the influence of metallic pipe surface preparation on the final properties of the repair sleeves, especially in relation to the long term behavior of leaking pipes repaired by means of composite materials. (author)

  3. ISO(4,1) symmetry in the EFT of inflation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In DBI inflation the cubic action is a particular linear combination of the two, otherwise independent, cubic operators π-dot 3 and π-dot (∂iπ)2. We show that in the Effective Field Theory (EFT) of inflation this is a consequence of an approximate 5D Poincar and apos;e symmetry, ISO(4,1), non-linearly realized by the Goldstone π. This symmetry uniquely fixes, at lowest order in derivatives, all correlation functions in terms of the speed of sound cs. In the limit cs → 1, the ISO(4,1) symmetry reduces to the Galilean symmetry acting on π. On the other hand, we point out that the non-linear realization of SO(4,2), the isometry group of 5D AdS space, does not fix the cubic action in terms of cs

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY MODEL BASED ON ISO 14000 MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina SITNIKOV

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide corporations, as well as their stakeholders, are more conscious of the need for environmental management, SR behaviour, and sustainable growth and development. International Standards are becoming more significant for corporations to work towards common environmental management practices. ISO 14001 is the first and the broadest standard intended at a more responsible approach of corporations and the world’s most acknowledged framework for environmental management systems that assists corporations to better manage the effect of their activities on the environment. This article aims to study ISO 14001 implementation and its effects on the environmental responsibility. A model will be built, which covers the environmental management system, the components of organizational culture, being able to influence environmental standards implementation.

  5. [Quality assurance in oncology: experiences of an ISO certification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szentirmay, Zoltán; Cseh, Lujza; Ottó, Szabolcs; Kásler, Miklós

    2002-01-01

    The ISO 9001 quality assurance of the National Institute of Oncology has been achieved successfully. We give an account of the brief history and the structure of the assurance system of the Institute, the process of setting our goals, and also the experience gained from drafting ISO 9001 handbook and flowcharts. Apart from the bureaucratic nature of quality assurance, it is a good opportunity for us to investigate our everyday work, put it into orderly manner and work more reliably. Experience has shown that the introduction of a quality assurance system increases the level of patient care, the documentation helps the Institute or some of its departments, or even individuals prevent law suits, and serves as a sound basis for proposing promotion, salary increases and bonuses, or even honors.

  6. The economic repercussions of ISO 14001 environmental certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CONCEPCIÓN GARCÉS AYERBE

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is an empirical contrast on the effect that the announcement of the gaining of ISO 14001 certification by a firm has on its market value. The analysis is based on a sample of 80 observations of environmental quality certification of the shop-floor systems or processes of large Spanish companies listed on the continuous trading market of the Madrid Stock Exchange in the period from 1996-2002. Results were obtained by use of Event Study methodology and they showed that ISO 14001 certification does not represent a sufficiently clear sign of environmental proactivity to generate expectations of long-term efficiency and profits in the capital market.

  7. The development of ISO freight containers as IP-2 packagings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Design specifications were developed for ISO freight containers to meet the requirements of the transport regulations in the 1985 Edition of IAEA SS6, and to maximize the technical and commercial benefits offered to consignors by this type of container for the transport and handling of bulk LSA/SCO materials. A range of IP-2 ISO freight containers have been designed and built to these specifications and are in use in the UK. This paper discusses the regulatory considerations which had to be reviewed and interpreted in developing freight containers as Industrial Package Type 2 (IP-2) packagings and the development of performance standards to meet the regulatory requirements. Outline details of the packages developed are indicated together with examples of handling equipment developed to facilitate loading and unloading. (J.P.N.)

  8. Analysis to Maturity Levels in CMMI and ISO Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Macalister

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Both CMMI as ISO are important models with widely acceptance for evaluating and improving software processes. Both structure and carry out common continuous representations but as models are different and proposed various sets of processes differentiated primarily on the structure of its stages. CMMI is based on the classic idea of the 5 maturity levels proposed by Humphrey in 1988, while ISO promotes acontinuous model to evaluate the process capability. However, this community has recognized the benefits of a staged representation and the standard 2008 version introduced the framework of organizational maturity of 6 levels. This paper investigates and analyzes the relationship between levels of maturity and process capability ofthese two models.

  9. Why did ISO 9001:2008 system fail to deliver?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langford, Melvyn

    2014-02-01

    This article is based on an actual investigation undertaken, and summarises the subsequent report's findings and observations. It has been anonymised for obvious reasons. In May 2013 an analysis was undertaken by a multidisciplinary team that compared an NHS Trust estates department's managerial systems against the NHS national recommendations. The conclusions stated that: 'There was a systemic failure across a large number of topics generating intolerable/substantial risks to the organisation, its staff, and patients; this despite the department's managerial systems being accredited to the International Standard ISO 9001:2008'. The natural question raised when presented with this demonstrable and auditable evidence was: 'Why did the ISO 9001:2008 system fail?'

  10. ISO 9000 quality standards: a model for blood banking?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevalainen, D E; Lloyd, H L

    1995-06-01

    The recent American Association of Blood Banks publications Quality Program and Quality Systems in the Blood Bank and Laboratory Environment, the FDA's draft guidelines, and recent changes in the GMP regulations all discuss the benefits of implementing quality systems in blood center and/or manufacturing operations. While the medical device GMPs in the United States have been rewritten to accommodate a quality system approach similar to ISO 9000, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research of the FDA is also beginning to make moves toward adopting "quality systems audits" as an inspection process rather than using the historical approach of record reviews. The approach is one of prevention of errors rather than detection after the fact (Tourault MA, oral communication, November 1994). The ISO 9000 series of standards is a quality system that has worldwide scope and can be applied in any industry or service. The use of such international standards in blood banking should raise the level of quality within an organization, among organizations on a regional level, within a country, and among nations on a worldwide basis. Whether an organization wishes to become registered to a voluntary standard or not, the use of such standards to become ISO 9000-compliant would be a move in the right direction and would be a positive sign to the regulatory authorities and the public that blood banking is making a visible effort to implement world-class quality systems in its operations. Implementation of quality system standards such as the ISO 9000 series will provide an organized approach for blood banks and blood bank testing operations. With the continued trend toward consolidation and mergers, resulting in larger operational units with more complexity, quality systems will become even more important as the industry moves into the future.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7770906

  11. Comparative Study of Minutiae Selection Algorithms for ISO Fingerprint Templates

    OpenAIRE

    Vibert, B; Charrier, Christophe; Le Bars, Jean-Marie; Rosenberger, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    International audience We address the selection of fingerprint minutiae given a fingerprint ISO template. Minutiae selection plays a very important role when a secure element (i.e. a smart-card) is used. Because of the limited capability of computation and memory, the number of minutiae of a stored reference in the secure element is limited. We propose in this paper a comparative study of 6 minutiae selection methods including 2 methods from the literature and 1 like reference (No Selectio...

  12. Gap Analysis Comparing LLNL ISMS and ISO 14001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doerr, T B

    2004-08-09

    A gap analysis was conducted comparing the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) with the international standard ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 450.1. This analysis was accomplished as part of LLNL's assessment of the impacts of adopting DOE Order 450.1 and comprises a portion of its continuous improvement efforts under ISMS.

  13. ISO 14051: A new era for MFCA implementation and research

    OpenAIRE

    Katherine L. Christ; Roger L. Burritt

    2016-01-01

    Material flow cost accounting (MFCA) is a tool designed to encourage eco-efficiency in organizations by focusing on a reduction in use of materials and related improvements in economic performance of corporations. It provides a way to identify win–win situations where monetary and environmental performance can both be improved. But take-up by business is slow, which seems to go against the notion of strong competition driving economic performance. A recent standard, ISO 14051, has been produc...

  14. PROPOSALS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    Antero Ollila

    2012-01-01

    The ISO 9001 quality management system (QMS) includes a method of continuous improvement put in place in 1994. Through this system, audits and reviews are performed to identify, correct and prevent problems. Although the method of continuous improvement, combined with adherence to annual quality objectives, is an important part of the QMS, only a few business managers and quality professionals seem to acknowledge its significance. Whether the organization uses QMS or other improvement program...

  15. ISOS: A job evaluation system to implement comparable worth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Corominas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A fair pay structure is an essential element of the personnel policy of a firm. If the pay structure is perceived as arbitrary by the members of the staff, it becomes a cause of disturbance of the labor relations. Particularly, a pay structure is unfair if it discriminates against women. Job evaluation is a traditional tool used by companies to assist in the process of determining pay structures that can be also useful to detect and combat wage discrimination, since allow determining whether two jobs are of comparable worth or not. Although there are many kinds of systems, authors agree when defining point factor methods as the most appropriate and fair job evaluation systems. However, even being well defined from a technical point of view, most existing systems give discriminatory results regarding to gender. ISOS, a new job evaluation system which is described in this paper, has been designed, with the aim to define a neutral system with regard to gender, based on present jobs characteristics, existing job evaluation systems and job description questionnaires, international experts’ knowledge and a wide body of literature on gender discrimination and its relation with job evaluation. Using ISOS can contribute to detect, combat and eliminate part of the existing wage discrimination in general and, in particular, against women. ISOS includes all aspects of the work so no characteristics are omitted. The system can be applied in any company and to evaluate any job, and offers flexibility to be adapted to the specific characteristics of an organization. ISOS can also be used to detect and combat wage discrimination. Furthermore, characteristics of present jobs, such as cross-training or flexible working time, are also included so the system can be considered innovative in a very traditional field of industrial engineering.

  16. ISO 14001 IMPLEMENTATION AT A NATIONAL LABORATORY.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BRIGGS,S.L.K.

    2001-06-01

    After a tumultuous year discovering serious lapses in environment, safety and health management at Brookhaven National Laboratory, the Department of Energy established a new management contract. It called for implementation of an IS0 14001 Environmental Management System and registration of key facilities. Brookhaven Science Associates, the managing contractor for the Laboratory, designed and developed a three-year project to change culture and achieve the goals of the contract. The focus of its efforts were to use IS0 14001 to integrate environmental stewardship into all facets of the Laboratory's mission, and manage its programs in a manner that protected the ecosystem and public health. A large multidisciplinary National Laboratory with over 3,000 employees and 4,000 visiting scientists annually posed significant challenges for IS0 14001 implementation. Activities with environmental impacts varied from regulated industrial waste generation, to soil activation from particle accelerator operations, to radioactive groundwater contamination from research reactors. A project management approach was taken to ensure project completion on schedule and within budget. The major work units for the Environmental Management System Project were as follows: Institutional EMS Program Requirements, Communications, Training, Laboratory-wide Implementation, and Program Assessments. To minimize costs and incorporate lessons learned before full-scale deployment throughout the Laboratory, a pilot process was employed at three facilities. Brookhaven National Laboratory has completed its second year of the project in the summer of 2000, successfully registering nine facilities and self-declaring conformance in all remaining facilities. Project controls, including tracking and reporting progress against a model, have been critical to the successful implementation. Costs summaries are lower than initial estimates, but as expected legal requirements, training, and assessments are key

  17. ISO出版ISO 11960技术勘误

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方伟

    2006-01-01

    国际标准化组织第67技术委员会第5分委会于2004年出版了ISO 11960:2004《石油天然气工业-油气井套管或油管用钢管》第2版,2005年7月,美国石油学会以等同采用该国际标准的形式制定并出版了API Spec 5CT《套管和油管规范》第8版,该标准自2006年1月1日开始实施.在标准实施过程中,发现了标准文本中的部分技术错误.ISO/TC67/SC5于2006年5月15日出版了对ISO11960:2004的技术勘误,现将该勘误内容刊载如下,供该标准使用人员参考。

  18. Cell survival and iso-effect contours in irradiated tissues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cell population kinetic parameters derived from radiobiological experiments and analysis of clinical data can be used to compute cellular surviving fractions in irradiated tumours and normal tissues. A three-component model of cellular radiation lethality, capable of simulating irreparable lethal events, reversible or sublethal effects and tissue repopulation processes, has proved adequate for clinical purposes. On this basis, computer programs have been developed for generating iso-effect (iso-survival) functions for various fractionation intervals in several tissues and tumours; for determining surviving fractions, equivalent single doses, and probabilities of response with specified fractionation schemes; and for optimizing treatment by identifying the procedure giving the highest probability of uncomplicated cure for a given tumour type growing in a specified location. If the relevant parameters for each of the tissues traversed by the beam, the physical dose absorbed at each point of interest, and the size, number and sequence of fractional doses reaching that point are known, then a series of computations of cellular surviving fractions can be made and used to draw iso-effect contours as a supplement to the physical isodose distribution in the same region. Procedures for both physical and biological optimization of the whole treatment plan are suggested. (author)

  19. ISO 14649 (STEP-NC: New Standards for CNC Machining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusri Yusof

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The changing economic climate has made global manufacturing a growing reality over the last decade, forcing companies from east and west and all over the world to collaborate beyond geographic boundaries in the design, manufacture and assemble of products. The ISO10303 and ISO14649 Standards (STEP and STEP-NC have been developed to introduce interoperability into manufacturing enterprises so as to meet the challenge of responding to production on demand. The paper focuses on the use of this new standard to address the process planning and machining of turn/mill discrete components. Due to the complexity of programming these machines there is a need to model their process capability to improve the interoperable manufacturing capability in places such as turning centres. Finally a proposed computational environment for a STEP-NC compliant system for turning operations (SCSTO is described. And supported by the specification of information models and constructed using a structured methodology and object-oriented methods. SCSTO was developed to generate a Part 21 file based on machining features to support the interactive generation of process plans utilizing feature extraction. A case study component has been developed to prove the concept for using the milling and turning parts of ISO14649 to provide a turn-mill CAD/CAPP/CAM environment.

  20. [ISO 9001 conformity in research, teaching and rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howorka, K; Kletschka, G; Pumprla, J; Thoma, H

    1998-01-01

    Quality assurance, in particular in the areas of development and production of medical devices, is one of the tasks of biomedical engineering. The interdisciplinary working group "Functional Rehabilitation and Group Education, Vienna" is committed to the development and implementation of group education models on three levels: (1) direct education/instruction of patients with chronic diseases, (2) university research and teaching, and (3) development of technical aids for rehabilitation and the means for disseminating group education models in rehabilitation and therapy. Major aims were, by generating conformity with ISO 9001 standards, to achieve greater transparency and process optimization with very small resources in university (teaching, research, technical aids) and extra-university (rehabilitation) areas. A secondary aim was the establishment of interdisciplinary (clinical and biomedical) cooperation at university level. In all main areas (research, teaching and group education/instruction), ISO 9001-conformity was achieved by our activities on three methodological levels: (1) description and analysis of processes, (2) use of ISO 9001 standards for evaluating internal processes, and (3) optimization measures. The following article contains relevant elements of the quality manual and quality assurance system, and offers a typical example of innovative cooperation between medicine and medical engineering.